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Science's Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of science is a moving target, and its ever-shifting horizons can best be gleaned by the contents of scientific journals. However, the bigger picture of the scientific enterprise, which also encompasses its past, its future, and its overarching philosophies, can often be better represented through the more reflective pace of popular…

Sapp, Gregg



Business and Science - Big Data, Big Picture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data Science is more than the creation, manipulation, and transformation of data. It is more than Big Data. The business world seems to have a hold on the term 'data science' and, for now, they define what it means. But business is very different than science. In this talk, I address how large datasets, Big Data, and data science are conceptually different in business and science worlds. I focus on the types of questions each realm asks, the data needed, and the consequences of findings. Gone are the days of datasets being created or collected to serve only one purpose or project. The trick with data reuse is to become familiar enough with a dataset to be able to combine it with other data and extract accurate results. As a Data Curator for the Advanced Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (ACADIS), my specialty is communication. Our team enables Arctic sciences by ensuring datasets are well documented and can be understood by reusers. Previously, I served as a data community liaison for the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP). Again, my specialty was communicating complex instructions and ideas to a broad audience of data users. Before entering the science world, I was an entrepreneur. I have a bachelor's degree in economics and a master's degree in environmental social science. I am currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Geography. Because my background has embraced both the business and science worlds, I would like to share my perspectives on data, data reuse, data documentation, and the presentation or communication of findings. My experiences show that each can inform and support the other.

Rosati, A.



The Big Picture Book of Viruses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Big Picture Book of Viruses is intended to serve as both a catalog of virus pictures on the Internet and as an educational resource to those users seeking more information about viruses," claims the site's founder, Dr. Robert F. Garry of Tulane University School of Medicine. From the left-hand column of Big Picture Book's homepage, you can access color images of viruses by name, structure/genome, host, or associated disease (the images are held on external Websites from a variety of research institutions). Many of the images are from electron microscopes or x-ray diffractors, and others are computer-generated simulations or prepared specimen slides. Along with mug shots of Nucleopolyhedrovirus, Lipothrixvirus and Chlamydiamicrovirus, to name just a few, comes a wealth of text and links. Links take users to sites on virus structure, viral taxonomy, Web courses, tutorials, and much more. Besides The Big Picture Book of Viruses, Dr. Garry maintains a Website entitled All the Virology on the Web, that Scout Project editors discovered and reviewed in its infancy in the November 17, 1995 _Scout Report.


Next Generation HTML: The Big Picture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent addition to the Web Developer's Virtual Library is designed to help developers understand how new specifications fit into the Big Picture--the efforts of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). These new specifications, which the site's author Ken Sall denotes as Next Generation HTML, include "Cascading Style Sheets, HTML 4.0, the Document Object Model, Dynamic HTML, the XML family of specifications, and the many specifications based on XML, such as RDF, SMIL, and MathML." To help users get started, the site offers a color-coded imagemap (the Big Picture) with links to pages containing details of W3C specification documents, as well as an acronym expansion chart to sort out all the buzzwords. Other sections include: The W3C Process, Markup Languages, Scripting Efforts, StyleSheets, and XML Applications (Vocabularies).

Sall, Ken.


Science is Part of the Big Picture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By becoming active learners themselves, teachers recognize that science is part of the "big picture," and they are able to link newly constructed ideas about active learning to other pedagogical initiatives. It is important not to neglect theory if teachers are to develop a model that assists them in modifying their instructional approaches and that makes sense of professional development activities. This free chapter includes a Table of Contents and Introduction.

Anita Greenwood



Scaling Up the Big Picture. Summary of Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project describes a Providence-based non-profit organization called the Big Picture Company (BP), and its efforts to replicate its small high school design in multiple communities throughout the United States (with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation). It refers implicitly also to BP's ambition (and that of the Gates…

Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2005



Big Picture: The Cell contents by topic Animal cells  

E-print Network

Big Picture: The Cell ­ contents by topic Animal cells · Poster showing a typical animal cell and some surprising statistics (A1 version) [PDF] · Poster showing a typical animal cell and some surprising statistics (A3 version) [PDF] Cell division · Image gallery of cell division (mitosis

Rambaut, Andrew


National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Big Picture on Exploration  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Big Picture on Exploration Planning: Human Exploration and Operations 3 #12;Human Space Exploration Architecture Planning · Human spaceflight: International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) Created · 2009: Review of U.S. HSF Plans Committee

Waliser, Duane E.


Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato  

E-print Network

Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato NASA Goddard;Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* Jim Hansen March 11, 2009 Climate. Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture co-authors or colleagues providing data

Hansen, James E.


Picture This: Processes Prompted by Graphics in Informational Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Verbal protocols have provided literacy researchers with a strong understanding of what processes readers (both adults and children) use as they read narrative and informational text. Little is known, however, about the comprehension processes that are prompted by the graphics in these texts. This study of nine second graders used verbal protocol…

Norman, Rebecca R.



The big picture? Video and the representation of interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers who use video to record interactions usually need to translate the video data into another medium at some stage in order to facilitate its analysis and dissemination. This article considers some methodological issues that arise in this process by examining transcripts, diagrams and pictures as examples of different techniques for representing interaction. These examples are used to identify some

Lydia Plowman; Christine Stephen



Perception and multimeaning analysis of graphic symbols for Thai picture-based communication system.  


Graphic symbols are a vital part of most augmentative and alternative communication systems. Communication fluency of graphic symbol user depends on how well the relationship between symbols and its referents are learnt. The first aim of this study is to survey the perception of the selected graphic symbols across seven age groups of participants with different educational background. Sixty-five individuals identified themselves as Thai and ranged in age from 10 to 50 years participated in the investigation used 64 graphic symbols. The last aim of this study is to demonstrate the analysis of multimeaning graphic symbols, which will be used in Thai Picture-based communication system. The twenty graphic symbols with 9-14 meanings are analyzed in both syntactic and semantic aspects. The meanings are divided into five categories: noun, verb/adjective, size, color and shape. Respect to the first aim, the results suggest that the participants under investigation with different sexes, age groups, as well as various educational levels perceive the features or inherent characteristics of such graphic symbols similarly. The results of the analysis of multimeaning of graphic symbols indicate that the foundation of Minspeak, polysemy and redundancy of the words illustrates the inherit meanings of the real-life objects, and it also conveys that the Thai graphic symbols are influenced by numerous factors in Thai circumstance such as ability, motivation, experience, worldview and culture. PMID:23244464

Chompoobutr, Sarinya; Potibal, Puttachart; Boriboon, Monthika; Phantachat, Wantanee



Snapshots Form a Big Picture of Guanine Nucleotide Exchange  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) regulate a vast array of cellular functions. Their highly controlled activation, which is catalyzed by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), links input signals emanating from various events such as stimulation of cell surface receptors to a similarly diverse range of downstream responses. Due to the central role of GEFs in the regulation of GTPase-mediated signaling processes, their mode of action has been intensively investigated. A new structural study on the DOCK family of Rho family–specific GEFs now uncovers an unusual variation in the way in which GEFs can regulate the nucleotide status of GTPases and provides the most complete picture of a GDP-GTP exchange cycle to date.

Katrin Rittinger (London; MRC-National Institute for Medical Research REV)



The Big Picture: Responding to Challenges Arising in International Family Law  

E-print Network

The Big Picture: Responding to Challenges Arising in International Family Law CHARLES DARWIN Address ­ Professor Barney Glover, Charles Darwin University 5.45pm ­ 6.00pm Welcome Address on behalf Justice Diana Bryant AO 6.45pm ­ 7.00pm Q & A session 7.00pm End of function 2 Charles Darwin University


Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining  

E-print Network

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

Gray, Alexander


Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Lunar Remote Sensing: Seeing the Big Picture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The session "Lunar Remote Sensing: Seeing the Big Picture" contained the following reports:Approaches for Approximating Topography in High Resolution, Multispectral Data; Verification of Quality and Compatibility for the Newly Calibrated Clementine NIR Data Set; Near Infrared Spectral Properties of Selected Nearside and Farside Sites ; Global Comparisons of Mare Volcanism from Clementine Near-Infrared Data; Testing the Relation Between UVVIS Color and TiO2 Composition in the Lunar Maria; Color Reflectance Trends in the Mare: Implications for Mapping Iron with Multispectral Images ; The Composition of the Lunar Megaregolith: Some Initial Results from Global Mapping; Global Images of Mg-Number Derived from Clementine Data; The Origin of Lunar Crater Rays; Properties of Lunar Crater Ejecta from New 70-cm Radar Observations ; Permanent Sunlight at the Lunar North Pole; and ESA s SMART-1 Mission to the Moon: Goals, Status and First Results.



Chemistry Professor Larry Anderson teaches his students to look at the big picture when it comes to research about  

E-print Network

·. Chemistry Professor Larry Anderson teaches his students to look at the big picture when way his chemistry students learn. "The goal is to get the students to think critically," he says. "It in an effort to help the country reduce its dependence on petroleum and to decrease greenhouse gases. Last year


Lesson ideas for Food and Diet Big Picture: Food and Diet explores current research and associated societal issues about food production  

E-print Network

Lesson ideas for Food and Diet Big Picture: Food and Diet explores current research and associated: Food and Diet provide all sorts of facts presented as an infographic, which is available to download ( resources/Teaching-and-education/Big-Picture/All-issues/Food-and-diet

Rambaut, Andrew


Hubble's Really Big Picture 1 of 2 08/06/04 16:54  

E-print Network

Hubble's Really Big Picture 1 of 2 08/06/04 16:54 Hubble's Really Big Picture By Govert Schilling About 1/20,000 of the Hubble GEMS image. Although it's not as deep as the original Hubble Deep Field, the GEMS mosaic image


GRAMPS: a graphics language interpreter for real-time, interactive, three-dimensional picture editing and animation  

SciTech Connect

GRAMPS, a graphics language interpreter has been developed in FORTRAN 77 to be used in conjunction with an interactive vector display list processor (Evans and Sutherland Multi-Picture-System). Several of the features of the language make it very useful and convenient for real-time scene construction, manipulation and animation. The GRAMPS language syntax allows natural interaction with scene elements as well as easy, interactive assignment of graphics input devices. GRAMPS facilitates the creation, manipulation and copying of complex nested picture structures. The language has a powerful macro feature that enables new graphics commands to be developed and incorporated interactively. Animation may be achieved in GRAMPS by two different, yet mutually compatible means. Picture structures may contain framed data, which consist of a sequence of fixed objects. These structures may be displayed sequentially to give a traditional frame animation effect. In addition, transformation information on picture structures may be saved at any time in the form of new macro commands that will transform these structures from one saved state to another in a specified number of steps, yielding an interpolated transformation animation effect. An overview of the GRAMPS command structure is given and several examples of application of the language to molecular modeling and animation are presented.

O'Donnell, T.J.; Olson, A.J.



GRAMPS - A graphics language interpreter for real-time, interactive, three-dimensional picture editing and animation  

Microsoft Academic Search

GRAMPS, a graphics language interpreter has been developed in FORTRAN 77 to be used in conjunction with an interactive vector display list processor (Evans and Sutherland Multi-Picture-System). Several of the features of the language make it very useful and convenient for real-time scene construction, manipulation and animation. The GRAMPS language syntax allows natural interaction with scene elements as well as

T. J. O'Donnell; Arthur J. Olson



Seeing big things: overestimation of heights is greater for real objects than for objects in pictures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In six experiments we demonstrate that the vertical-horizontal illusion that is evoked when viewing photographs and line drawings is relatively small, whereas the magnitude of this illusion when large objects are viewed is at least twice as great. Furthermore, we show that the illusion is due more to vertical overestimation than horizontal underestimation. The lack of a difference in vertical overestimation between pictures and line drawings suggests that vertical overestimation in pictures depends solely on the perceived physical size of the projection on the picture surface, rather than on what is apparent about an object's represented size. The vertical-horizontal illusion is influenced by perceived physical size. It is greater when viewing large objects than small pictures of these same objects, even when visual angles are equated.

Yang, T. L.; Dixon, M. W.; Proffitt, D. R.; Kaiser, M. K. (Principal Investigator)



Computer graphics by example, Part 4. PICTURE: a picture-drawing language for the TRIX\\/RED report editor. [For CDC 7600  

Microsoft Academic Search

PICTURE is a set of statements for drawing diagrams that are compiled by PCOMP, the Picture COMPiler, and plotted by REDPP, the TRIX\\/RED PostProcessor. The PICTURE\\/PCOMP\\/REDPP system is also useful for constructing slides, viewgraphs, and movie titles. This report, written for the new PICTURE user, covers, by example, the use of the most common PICTURE statements, the intermixing of text




"Pictures with a purpose": the birth control debate on the big screen.  


In the first half of the twentieth century, birth control advocates used the mass media to reframe contraception from a private, secret matter to an acceptable part of life fit for public discussion. Although their campaign began in print, they quickly embraced the more far-reaching medium of film to deliver their message. This article argues that birth control advocates circumvented the Comstock Act in the early decades of the twentieth century by taking up this new medium as part of a long-running strategy to publicize the birth control movement. Their efforts shaped both the public debate on the topic and the development of motion picture censorship. PMID:22250312

Parry, Manon



Picture It!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Picture It! reading strategy uses the elements of story grammar and visualization in a mnemonic format to enhance comprehension, aid vocabulary development, visually establish story sequence, and stimulate discussion of both the big picture of the story's meaning and the details which support the author's message. It is a strategy that can be…

Naughton, Victoria M.



Proceedings of the Second All-USGS Modeling Conference, February 11-14, 2008: Painting the Big Picture  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Second USGS Modeling Conference was held February 11-14, 2008, in Orange Beach, Ala. Participants at the conference came from all U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) regions and represented all four science discipline - Biology, Geography, Geology, and Water. Representatives from other Department of the Interior (DOI) agencies and partners from the academic community also participated. The conference, which was focused on 'painting the big picture', emphasized the following themes: Integrated Landscape Monitoring, Global Climate Change, Ecosystem Modeling, and Hazards and Risks. The conference centered on providing a forum for modelers to meet, exchange information on current approaches, identify specific opportunities to share existing models and develop more linked and integrated models to address complex science questions, and increase collaboration across disciplines and with other organizations. Abstracts for the 31 oral presentations and more than 60 posters presented at the conference are included here. The conference also featured a field trip to review scientific modeling issues along the Gulf of Mexico. The field trip included visits to Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge, Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, the 5 Rivers Delta Resource Center, and Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. On behalf of all the participants of the Second All-USGS Modeling Conference, the conference organizing committee expresses our sincere appreciation for the support of field trip oganizers and leaders, including the managers from the various Reserves and Refuges. The organizing committee for the conference included Jenifer Bracewell, Sally Brady, Jacoby Carter, Thomas Casadevall, Linda Gundersen, Tom Gunther, Heather Henkel, Lauren Hay, Pat Jellison, K. Bruce Jones, Kenneth Odom, and Mark Wildhaber.

Brady, Shailaja R.



The Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains a series of activities which focus on the process of extinction, how the increasing human population affects other species, and on the reasons for helping endangered species. Includes diagrams and illustrations of endangered species. (ML)

Naturescope, 1987



Big Picture Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some experts suggest that people who are underrepresented in science often have difficulty expressing their ideas and participating in classrooms where traditional methods of instruction are used because they may feel uncomfortable with the limited roles

Charlotte Behm



The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective professional development requires that the district take charge to develop a comprehensive strategy. Districts must be able to describe the strategy and organize to meet their goals. A balanced strategy includes compensation, planning time, teachers' job structure and responsibilities, and professional learning opportunities. Districts…

Miles, Karen Hawley



The Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how sustainable educational facility design, resulting from a holistic approach to architectural design, engineering, and construction, can generate capital, operational, and maintenance savings. Offers examples related to roofing, air quality, and lighting. (EV)

DeVolder, Chris



The Storyboard's Big Picture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Cape Canaveral Office, we're using a project management tool that facilitates team communication, keeps our project team focused, streamlines work and identifies potential issues. What did it cost us to install the tool? Almost nothing.

Malloy, Cheryl A.; Cooley, William



The Very Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education systems are of great importance in the evolving economic and social world order. Certain policies will improve British educational outcomes and practices considerably. Advances are needed in many areas: global knowledge management, extended international networks, public/private collaboration, applied brain research, and education…

Barber, Michael



Temporal changes in methane stable isotopes in polar ice cores: big picture and implications for ecosystem changes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane (CH4) is the third most important greenhouse gas after water vapour and carbon dioxide (CO2). Since the industrial revolution the mixing ratio of CH4 in the atmosphere rose to ~1800 ppb, a value never reached within the last 800 000 years. Nowadays, CH4 contributes ~20% to the total radiative forcing from all of the long-lived greenhouse gases. This CH4 increase can only be assessed in relation to natural methane changes in the past. Firn air and air enclosures in polar ice cores represent the only direct paleoatmospheric archive. The latter show that atmospheric CH4 concentrations changed in concert with northern hemisphere temperature during both glacial/interglacial transitions as well as rapid climate changes (Dansgaard-Oeschger events), however, the sources of the methane concentration changes are still a matter of debate. Stable isotopes of methane (?13CH4 and ?D(CH4)) may help to distinguish differences in the magnitude of source type emissions (e.g. Bock et al. 2010). However, recently we could show that it is difficult to interpret the atmospheric loading of methane by relative source mix changes alone (Möller et al. 2013). In fact it appears, that the carbon isotopic signature (?13CH4) of e.g. tropical wetlands undergoes drastic shifts connected to climate, CO2, sea level or potentially other unknown processes. Here we present the big picture derived from the EDML (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica, Dronning Maud Land) and Vostok ice cores (Möller et al. 2013) and additional new dual isotope data from 4 ice cores from both poles that cover three interglacials: the Holocene, MIS 5 and MIS 11. The contribution sheds light on our current understanding of methane biogeochemistry and discusses open questions. References: Bock, M., J. Schmitt, L. Möller, R. Spahni, T. Blunier, H. Fischer (2010). 'Hydrogen Isotopes Preclude Marine Hydrate CH4 Emissions at the Onset of Dansgaard-Oeschger Events', Science, 328, 1686-1689 Möller, L., T. Sowers, M. Bock, R. Spahni, M. Behrens, J. Schmitt, H. Miller and H. Fischer (2013). "Independent variations of CH4 emissions and isotopic composition over the past 160,000 years" Nature Geoscience, 10.1038/ngeo1922. Bock, M., J. Schmitt, J. Beck, R. Schneider, H. Fischer (2013). "Improving accuracy and precision of ice core ?D(CH4) analyses using methane pre- and hydrogen post-pyrolysis trapping and subsequent chromatographic separation', Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 6, 11279-11307, doi:10.5194/amtd-6-11279-2013, 2013. Schmitt J., B. Seth, M. Bock and H. Fischer (2014). "Online technique for isotope and mixing ratios of CH4, N2O, Xe and mixing ratios of organic trace gases on a single ice core sample', submitted to Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.

Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Seth, Barbara; Beck, Jonas; Fischer, Hubertus



Streamlining the discovery, evaluation, and integration of data, models, and decision support systems: a big picture view (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

21st century environmental problems are wicked and require holistic systems thinking and solutions that integrate social and economic knowledge with knowledge of the environment. Computer-based technologies are fundamental to our ability to research and understand the relevant systems and to provide assessors and decision makers with appropriate data, tools, and strategies. There are significant science and technology challenges being confronted in an effort to streamline the movement of knowledge from its research and experience-based sources to its decision endpoints. In this presentation we explore this continuum and attempt to articulate a holistic and coherent picture of the relationship among the myriad elements of the environmental problem solving landscape. This is done in the hope that this view will enhance the ability of all environmental stakeholders to express their individual contributions in a technological form that will be accessible and usable to the greater community.

Laniak, G.



Multicenter clinical trials in sepsis: understanding the big picture and building a successful operation at your hospital.  


Only through adequately designed and adequately conducted clinical trials can new treatments be found for the benefit of the septic patient. Over the past 20 years, tens of thousands of patients have been enrolled in sepsis clinical trials with little success. These efforts, however, have not been without worth. Much has been learned and the knowledge gained has changed our approach to trial design in this very difficult field. Animal studies are better designed to match the clinical picture of severe sepsis. Phase II studies are more carefully engineered to answer questions about the most suitable target population and end points. Trial conduct likely benefits from use of CROs and a CCC. The future of clinical trials may include more standardization of sepsis management across investigative sites. Before the decision is made to become an investigative site in a multicenter industry-sponsored clinical trial in sepsis or severe sepsis, it is important to recognize what is required to succeed. Once these key-to-success elements are in place, members of the investigative team are more likely to realize the satisfaction and career growth from becoming a successful site. The most professional satisfaction comes from the knowledge of contributing to original science in the field of the sepsis. PMID:21316577

Dellinger, R Phillip; Schorr, Christa; Trzeciak, Stephen



Big Picture 19912012 other industry  

E-print Network

Credite Suisse Bain Honda Research Oracle J.P. Morgan ZS Associates Bell Labs American Express Morgan Goldman BCG IBM Research Yahoo Barclays McKinsey Microsoft Research Amazon Credite Suisse Bain Honda Research Amazon Credite Suisse Bain Honda Research Oracle J.P. Morgan ZS Associates Bell Labs American


Chemistry--The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemistry produces materials and releases energy by ionic or electronic rearrangements. Three structure types affect the ease with which a reaction occurs. In the Earth's crust, "solid crystals" change chemically only with extreme heat and pressure, unless their fixed ions touch moving fluids. On the other hand, in living things, "liquid crystals"…

Cassell, Anne



Plant Cycle Graphic Organizer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides 2 picture examples of a strategy for using a specific graphic organizer to help students learn the parts of a plant. This strategy can be used by students to represent a variety of concepts across subject areas.

Heather Heiblum



Big Thompson River Flooding  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The USGS Big Thompson River at Loveland streamgage, pictured here, was damaged during the September 2013 Colorado flood event. USGS crews installed a temporary streamgage nearby to compensate for the lag in data....


Real time emotion aware applications: a case study employing emotion evocative pictures and neuro-physiological sensing enhanced by Graphic Processor Units.  


In this paper the feasibility of adopting Graphic Processor Units towards real-time emotion aware computing is investigated for boosting the time consuming computations employed in such applications. The proposed methodology was employed in analysis of encephalographic and electrodermal data gathered when participants passively viewed emotional evocative stimuli. The GPU effectiveness when processing electroencephalographic and electrodermal recordings is demonstrated by comparing the execution time of chaos/complexity analysis through nonlinear dynamics (multi-channel correlation dimension/D2) and signal processing algorithms (computation of skin conductance level/SCL) into various popular programming environments. Apart from the beneficial role of parallel programming, the adoption of special design techniques regarding memory management may further enhance the time minimization which approximates a factor of 30 in comparison with ANSI C language (single-core sequential execution). Therefore, the use of GPU parallel capabilities offers a reliable and robust solution for real-time sensing the user's affective state. PMID:22520825

Konstantinidis, Evdokimos I; Frantzidis, Christos A; Pappas, Costas; Bamidis, Panagiotis D



Nature Picture Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While a commercial enterprise, the Nature Picture Library offers viewers free online access to thousands of high-resolution photographs in its database. Containing fantastic shots of flora and fauna in settings of every variety, the Nature Picture Library is a great graphic resource for those in search of images of the natural world. Images can be purchased for direct downloads or can be stored online for free by registered users in lightboxes of their own design. The picture library allows registrants to create and store as many as fifty lightboxes for online consultation. A great way to see the world and all its creatures, the Nature Picture Library is sure to provoke awe, admiration, and devotion from users of every age.


Picture Post  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Picture Post Network involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. Digital photographs - taken from the same location and positioned in the same direction and orientation - allow individuals, schools, organizations, communities and scientists to monitor a variety of environmental parameters, including plant health, growth, and phenology; erosion and deposition; water levels; and cloud and canopy cover. Participants study change over time in their local area, view NASA satellite imagery on the same days as the pictures, and contribute towards improving their own communities. The website provides instructions for participating, including planning and installing a picture post, monitoring projects, and taking and uploading pictures, and a repository of images. Picture Posts may be added by anyone interested in monitoring a particular location. Currently, Picture Posts sites are active at science centers, schoolyards and gardens, local parks, and nature reserves.


Graphics insertion in TEX  

E-print Network

independence will be a challenge. Another possible solution which avoids this problem is to use TEX to create a graphics image or table. This has can be done through the use of macros, LaTEX's picture environment, table macros, or by using Pi... work has been done at describing a minimum set of macros to perform standard graphics functions [12]. PiCTEX was designed to create mathematical figures (lines, curves, plots, etc. . . ) [15). In many respects, it resembles LaTEX's picture...

Kattawar, Gregory Williford



Making Inferences Using Graphic Organizers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will use a graphic organizer to practice the skill of making inferences with the help of a picture book by Chris Van Allsburg. They will then continue to practice the skill with a making inferences worksheet.



Picture naming.  


Picture naming has become an important experimental paradigm in cognitive psychology. To name a picture can be considered an elementary process in the use of language. Thus, its chronometric analysis elucidates cognitive structures and processes that underlie speaking. Essentially, these analyses compare picture naming with reading, picture categorizing, and word categorizing. Furthermore, techniques of double stimulation such as the paradigms of priming and of Stroop-like interference are used. In this article, recent results obtained with these methods are reviewed and discussed with regard to five hypotheses about the cognitive structures that are involved in picture naming. Beside the older hypotheses of internal coding systems with only verbal or only pictorial format, the hypotheses of an internal dual code with a pictorial and a verbal component, of a common abstract code with logogen and pictogen subsystems, and the so-called lexical hypothesis are discussed. The latter postulates two main components: an abstract semantic memory which, nevertheless, also subserves picture processing, and a lexicon that carries out the huge amount of word processing without semantic interpretation that is necessary in hearing, reading, speaking and writing. PMID:1582161

Glaser, W R



Graphic Novels for Multiple Literacies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the term "graphic novel" includes fiction as well as non-fiction text with pictures--"comics" in book format. Discusses how in any subject area, studying a graphic novel can bring media literacy into the curriculum as students examine the medium itself. (SG)

Schwarz, Gretchen E.



Graphics in the Views system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Views system is a new computing environment currently under development. One of its many facets is a graphics facility enabling structured picture objects to be easily entered and manipulated. Such pictures can be included as illustrations in text, as icons in the user interface and ultimately as the specification of all the visible aspects of the system; menus, scroll-bars,

Lon Barfield



Lunar Zircons: What's the Big Picture?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An extensive U-Pb, REE, and microstructural survey of Apollo zircons from which we can draw constraints regarding the duration of KREEP magmatism, zircon formation mechanisms, and possibly the early impact history of the Moon.

Crow, C. A.; McKeegan, K. D.; Moser, D. E.



The big picture - energy issues in Washington  

SciTech Connect

The article discusses the factors that have caused a renewed interest in energy policies in the USA, since the 2005 Energy Policy Act. Apart from the November 2008 elections issues of climate change, energy demand, and energy security have all contributed. The US has just begun to feel the effects of energy competition from other countries such as China and Russia. Alternative fuels such as corn-based ethanol are firmly on the agenda and congressional interest in coal-to-liquids (CTL) technology has never been stronger. The challenge for CTL production is the technology for large-scale carbon storage which may be at least a decade way. A dozen bills in the Senate feature some form of mandatory cap on emissions, most from coal-fired power plants. The MINER Act on mine safety is now being implemented, at large investment cost. All in all changes in the political landscape and energy policy are having great impact on the coal industry.

Quinn, H. [National Mining Association, Washington, DC (United States)



Bucks, Benefits, and Bargaining: The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the results of a national survey of 1,146 randomly selected school systems includes data on salaries and salary increases for school administrators (primarily principals) and teachers. A review of principals' contracts includes examples of health benefits, auto insurance, and other clauses. (Author/DS)

Pharis, William L.; Keller, Edward P.



Big Picture 1991-2011 other industry  

E-print Network

Bain Honda Research Oracle J.P. Morgan ZS Associates Bell Labs American Express Morgan Stanley Profit Suisse Bain Honda Research Oracle J.P. Morgan ZS Associates Bell Labs American Express Morgan Stanley Yahoo Barclays McKinsey Microsoft Research Amazon Credite Suisse Bain Honda Research Oracle J.P. Morgan


1 The Big Picture in Review Retrievalforgetting  

E-print Network

Repressed Memories How does a therapist know if a memory is repressed if it is still repressed!? Hypnosis, guided imagery. Problems here, anyone? Implanting false memories! Under hypnosis, S's told about a door lie 25% (vs. 68% for true). 8 Clinical Implications Therapists attitudes on hypnosis-induced memories

O'Reilly, Randall C.


Internet QoS: a big picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for the emerging Internet quality of service (QoS). All the important components of this framework-integrated services, RSVP, differentiated services, multiprotocol label switching (MPLS), and constraint-based routing-are covered. We describe what integrated services and differentiated services are, how they can be implemented, and the problems they have. We then describe why MPLS and constraint-based routing have been

Xipeng Xiao; Lionel M. Ni



Making Connections--The Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping students to make essential connections of science content is often difficult, yet necessary to ensure a true understanding of science. A teacher offers insights on how pyruvic acid can be used to help students make connections in chemistry and biology. (ZWH)

Halyard, Rebecca A.



Multimedia systems overview: the big picture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The golden opportunities represented by multimedia systems have been recognized by many. The risk and cost involved in developing the products and the markets has led to a bonanza of unlikely consortia of strange bedfellows. The premier promoter of personal computing systems, Apple Computer, has joined forces with the dominant supplier of corporate computing, IBM, to form a multimedia technology joint venture called Kaleida. The consumer electronics world's leading promoter of free trade, Sony, has joined forces with the leader of Europe's protectionist companies, Philips, to create a consumer multimedia standard called CD-I. While still paying lip service to CD-I, Sony and Philips now appear to be going their separate ways. The software world's most profitable/fastest growing firm, Microsoft, has entered into alliances with each and every multimedia competitor to create a mish mash of product classes and defacto standards. The battle for Multimedia Standards is being fought on all fronts: on standards committees, in corporate strategic marketing meetings, within industry associations, in computer retail stores, and on the streets. Early attempts to set proprietary defacto standards were fought back, but the proprietary efforts continue with renewed vigor. Standards committees were, as always, slow to define specifications, but the official standards are now known nd being implemented; ... but the proprietary efforts continue with renewed vigor. Ultimately, the buyers will decide -- like it or not. Success by the efforts to establish proprietary defacto standards could prove to be a boon to the highly creative and inventive U.S. firms, but at the cost of higher prices for consumers and slower market growth. Success by the official standards could bring lower prices for consumers and fast market growth, but force the higher-wage/higher-overhead U.S. firms to compete on a level playing field. As is always the case, you can't have your cake and eat it too.

Riccomi, Alfred



BIG PICTURE Reviving Central Valley Rivers  

E-print Network

to California's capital; a bank where you take the kids fishing; that spelling test word with four s's and two p's rivers, so tightly con- trolled by dams, pumps, canals, cul- verts, and levees, as little more than pipes the seasonal ups and downs in flows, enough land to flood, enough space to move and migrate, enough sediment

Stella, John C.


The Big Picture: Integrating Children's Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers guidance to elementary school teachers in Australia on establishing an integrated learning environment in which students are encouraged to confront and consider important ideas and decide the most effective ways of communicating these ideas to others. An approach is presented that seeks to maintain a balance between structured…

Pigdon, Keith, Ed.; Woolley, Marilyn, Ed.


NASA's Hyperwall Revealing the Big Picture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA:s hyperwall is a sophisticated visualization tool used to display large datasets. The hyperwall, or video wall, is capable of displaying multiple high-definition data visualizations and/or images simultaneously across an arrangement of screens. Functioning as a key component at many NASA exhibits, the hyperwall is used to help explain phenomena, ideas, or examples of world change. The traveling version of the hyperwall is typically comprised of nine 42-50" flat-screen monitors arranged in a 3x3 array (as depicted below). However, it is not limited to monitor size or number; screen sizes can be as large as 52" and the arrangement of screens can include more than nine monitors. Generally, NASA satellite and model data are used to highlight particular themes in atmospheric, land, and ocean science. Many of the existing hyperwall stories reveal change across space and time, while others display large-scale still-images accompanied by descriptive, story-telling captions. Hyperwall content on a variety of Earth Science topics already exists and is made available to the public at: Keynote and PowerPoint presentations as well as Summary of Story files are available for download on each existing topic. New hyperwall content and accompanying files will continue being developed to promote scientific literacy across a diverse group of audience members. NASA invites the use of content accessible through this website but requests the user to acknowledge any and all data sources referenced in the content being used.

Sellers, Piers




E-print Network

of "sustainability" are long-established in fisheries. This is because traditionally, the focus of management has OF CONVENTIONAL FISHERY MANAGEMENT With the Convention on Biological Diversity, new legislation to protect rewards is along the lines of the concept of "sustainable development", but has been inherent in fishery

Charles, Anthony


Introducing Students to "The Big Picture."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business students view commercial films depicting management issues such as hostile takeover, organizational culture, and international business competition. Lectures, readings, and interviews give students background information with which to assess the films. The technique enables students to observe and understand stakeholder interactions in…

Roth, Lawrence



Volume graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volume graphics, which employs a volume buffer of voxels for 3D scene representation, is discussed. Volume graphics offers advantages over surface graphics: it is viewpoint independent, insensitive to scene and object complexity, and suitable for the representation of sampled and simulated data sets. Moreover, geometric objects can be mixed with these data sets. Volume graphics supports the visualization of internal

Arie E. Kaufman; Daniel Cohen-Or; Roni Yagel



The Big Bang Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These activities demonstrate that taking a given mass of material and applying a force to it can produce a pattern that replicates the material patterns noted when applying the Big Bang Theory. Students will be able to explain how the Big Bang Theory can explain the origin of the universe, demonstrate (using graphical analysis) how different masses react to the same force, describe patterns observed when force is applied to different masses, identify what material types could represent bodies of the universe, and equate material colors of the visible spectrum as they relate to the elements found in celestial bodies.


Picturing Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Picturing Justice, edited by John Denvir, Paul Joseph and Rob Waring, provides insightful commentaries on the portrayal of law, lawyers and legal issues in television and movies. The articles cover current television series' and movies with a combination of analysis and opinion. The site publishes both reader submitted commentaries as well as many written by the editors. While the articles are not lengthy, they provide a fair amount of useful critical commentary on the treatment of law on television and in the movies. This site fills a specialized niche and it is well worth investigating.


Big Society, Big Deal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political leaders like to put forward guiding ideas or themes which pull their individual decisions into a broader narrative. For John Major it was Back to Basics, for Tony Blair it was the Third Way and for David Cameron it is the Big Society. While Mr. Blair relied on Lord Giddens to add intellectual weight to his idea, Mr. Cameron's legacy idea…

Thomson, Alastair



Picture Processing by Computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques for processing pictorial information by computer are surveyed. The topics covered include efficient encoding and approximation; position-invariant operations and applications; picture properties useful for pattern recognition; picture segmentation and geometrical properties of picture subsets; picture descrlptmn and \\

Azriel Rosenfeld



Trellis graphics 1 Trellis graphics  

E-print Network

Trellis graphics 1 Trellis graphics Extremely useful approach for graphical exploratory data analysis (EDA) Allows to examine for complicated, multiple variable relationships. Types of plots xyplot to run everytime you start up S-Plus and R should go in the .First() function. An example of a .First

Irwin, Mark E.


Cosmic relics from the big bang  

SciTech Connect

A brief introduction to the big bang picture of the early universe is given. Dark matter is discussed; particularly its implications for elementary particle physics. A classification scheme for dark matter relics is given. 21 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Hall, L.J.



Untapped Potential: Fulfilling the Promise of Big Brothers Big Sisters and the Bigs and Littles They Represent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American children represent a great untapped potential in our country. For many young people, choices are limited and the goal of a productive adulthood is a remote one. This report paints a picture of who these children are, shares their insights and reflections about the barriers they face, and offers ways forward for Big Brothers Big Sisters as…

Bridgeland, John M.; Moore, Laura A.



Computer Graphics & Digital Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computer graphics is a term that encompasses a wide range of sciences and techniques. To understand some of the processes involved in generating computer graphics, Cornell University offers this detailed introduction to the subject (1). The site contains explanations and a series of pictures that illustrate object rendering, shading, ray tracing, and more. Computer graphics has seen rapid advancements in the past few years, partly because of the development of dedicated graphics processing units (GPUs). The performance of GPUs has outpaced that of general purpose processors, and this has sparked interest in using GPUs for applications other than graphics. General Purpose Computation Using Graphics Hardware (2) is a site that examines this trend. It is regularly updated with news, links to conferences and research papers, and related projects. The Center for Human Modeling and Simulation (3) is a research effort at the University of Pennsylvania. Many of the center's projects can be browsed on its website, including animation of physical gestures and the development of virtual humans. As a testament to the intricacy involved in modern computer graphics, this paper (4) describes a new technique for modeling the shine of light off human hair. The authors compare the results of their work to current shading practices and show notable improvements in the realism of the model. Three dimensional photography, a recent extension of computer graphics, has received significant attention from its use in movies. This paper (5) proposes a number of strategies for improving the accuracy and flexibility of current approaches to 3D photography. The 30th annual SIGGRAPH conference, held in July 2003 and sponsored by the Association for Computing Machinery, is one of the most well known conferences related to computer graphics. The SIGGRAPH Web Expo (6) showcases some of the most outstanding web-graphics work of the year. Visitors can choose between seven different categories and view many interactive and visually stunning creations. Some of the works have strict hardware and software requirements that are required in order to view them, however. This online review of the SIGGRAPH conference (7) provides an interesting view into the events and presentations. Scattered throughout the text are examples of computer generated images, as well as links to some of the papers and projects that were featured. Lastly, this news article (8) introduces machinima, a term used to describe special effects in movies that are created with technologies originally developed for computer games. The Machinima Film Festival 2003 is the basis of the article.



Search Picture In Pictures Travail de diplme  

E-print Network

Search Picture In Pictures Travail de diplôme Marc Martin Prof. Thierry Pun Ass. Christian Rauber. Martin. Professeur responsable: Thierry Pun. Assistant responsable: Christian Rauber. Début du projet: 16

Genève, Université de


Graphics in the V i ews System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Views system is a new computing environment currently under development. One of its many facets is a graphics facility enabling structured picture objects to be easily entered and manipulated. Such pictures can be included as illustrations in text, as icons in the user interface and ultimately as the specification of all the visible aspects of the system; menus, scroll-bars,

Lon Barfield


Pictures Used With Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the historical development of use of pictures in storytelling. Discussion focuses on scrolls and sheets used in 11th and 12th century religious ceremonies; public exhibitions of pictures in 140 B.C., picture cloths in India; Kamishibai picture cards in Japan, and picture books used in public libraries for storytelling. (JPF)

Pellowski, Anne



Graphic Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended to assist vocational instructors in preparing students for entry-level employment in the graphic arts field and getting them ready for advanced training in the workplace. The package contains an overview of new and emerging graphic arts technologies, competency/skill and task lists for the occupations of…

Kempe, Joseph; Kinde, Bruce


Graphic Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

Thompson, John



Business Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Genigraphics Corporation's Masterpiece 8770 FilmRecorder is an advanced high resolution system designed to improve and expand a company's in-house graphics production. GRAFTIME/software package was designed to allow office personnel with minimal training to produce professional level graphics for business communications and presentations. Products are no longer being manufactured.



Arbitrary background picture segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a new method for real time arbitrary background picture segmentation. We consider the following picture conditions: color picture, noisy picture, scene light changes, and still image arbitrary background. They are typical for many applications, e.g. for video security system, videophone, videoconference, V-commerce, etc. A set-theoretic approach has been used for picture model creation, adaptive picture

S. Itzikowitz; S. Sheraizin



Integrated Scene And Graphics For Multiple-Camera Viewing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multiple-video-camera viewing system for monitoring telerobot undergoing development. System presents user with variety of information on single video display: picture of robot from any of five movable cameras, graphical depiction of location and orientation of camera producing current picture in middle of video display, graphical depiction of locations and orientations of other cameras, and graphical images of fields of view of cameras and three-dimensional relationship to workspace of telerobot. Display helps user control telerobot quickly and efficiently.

Diner, Daniel B.; Venema, Steven C.



A general purpose graphic system for computer aided design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experimental Advanced Integrated Designer's Activity Support (A-IDAS) system is intended to be a base for a total engineering system rather than a pure graphic system. The system provides a database in which graphic data, geometric data and engineering data are stored in a relational data model. It also provides a graphic management facility which can manipulate not only pictures

Sakae Uno; Hideo Matsuka



M theory model of a big crunch\\/big bang transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly

Neil Turok; Malcolm Perry; Paul J. Steinhardt



A user's guide for DTIZE an interactive digitizing and graphical editing computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A guide for DTIZE, a two dimensional digitizing program with graphical editing capability, is presented. DTIZE provides the capability to simultaneously create and display a picture on the display screen. Data descriptions may be permanently saved in three different formats. DTIZE creates the picture graphics in the locator mode, thus inputting one coordinate each time the terminator button is pushed. Graphic input devices (GIN) are also used to select function command menu. These menu commands and the program's interactive prompting sequences provide a complete capability for creating, editing, and permanently recording a graphical picture file. DTIZE is written in FORTRAN IV language for the Tektronix 4081 graphic system utilizing the Plot 80 Distributed Graphics Library (DGL) subroutines. The Tektronix 4953/3954 Graphic Tablet with mouse, pen, or joystick are used as graphics input devices to create picture graphics.

Thomas, C. C.



B490 Mining the Big Data 0 Introduction  

E-print Network

1-1 Qin Zhang B490 Mining the Big Data §0 Introduction #12;2-1 Data Mining What is Data Mining (explore structure in large graphs) #12;4-1 Big Data #12;5-1 · : over 2.5 petabytes of sales transactions · : an index of over 19 billion web pages · : over 40 billion of pictures · . . . Big Data Big data

Zhang, Qin


“How Big is Big Enough?”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the representation of masculinity in Sex and the City through an analysis of the characters Big and Steve. Although the show is unique in that it presents female characters as the primary subjects of identification and presumes a female audience, it participates in the patriarchal project of measuring men, especially Big and Steve, against each other. At

Laura A. K. Brunner



Geology’s “Super Graphics” and the Public: Missed Opportunities for Geoscience Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geosciences are very visual, as demonstrated by the illustration density of maps, graphs, photographs, and diagrams in introductory textbooks. As geoscience students progress, they are further exposed to advanced graphics, such as phase diagrams and subsurface seismic data visualizations. Photographs provide information from distant sites, while multivariate graphics supply a wealth of data for viewers to access. When used effectively, geology graphics have exceptional educational potential. However, geological graphic data are often presented in specialized formats, and are not easily interpreted by an uninformed viewer. In the Howe-Russell Geoscience Complex at Louisiana State University, there is a very large graphic (~ 30 ft x 6 ft) exhibited in a side hall, immediately off the main entrance hall. The graphic, divided into two obvious parts, displays in its lower section seismic data procured in the Gulf of Mexico, from near offshore Louisiana to the end of the continental shelf. The upper section of the graphic reveals drilling block information along the seismic line. Using Tufte’s model of graphic excellence and Paivio’s dual-coding theory, we analyzed the graphic in terms of data density, complexity, legibility, format, and multivariate presentation. We also observed viewers at the site on 5 occasions, and recorded their interactions with the graphic. This graphic can best be described as a Tufte “super graphic.” Its data are high in density and multivariate in nature. Various data sources are combined in a large format to provide a powerful example of a multitude of information within a convenient and condensed presentation. However, our analysis revealed that the graphic misses an opportunity to educate the non-geologist. The information and seismic “language” of the graphic is specific to the geology community, and the information is not interpreted for the lay viewer. The absence of title, descriptions, and symbol keys are detrimental. Terms are not defined. The absence of color keys and annotations is more likely to lead to an appreciation of graphic beauty, without concomitant scientific understanding. We further concluded that in its current location, constraints of space and reflective lighting prohibit the viewer from simultaneously accessing all subsurface data in a “big picture” view. The viewer is not able to fully comprehend the macro/micro aspects of the graphic design within the limited viewing space. The graphic is an example of geoscience education possibility, a possibility that is currently undermined and unrealized by lack of interpretation. Our analysis subsequently informed the development of a model to maximize the graphic’s educational potential, which can be applied to similar geological super graphics for enhanced public scientific understanding. Our model includes interactive displays that apply the auditory-visual dual coding approach to learning. Notations and aural explanations for geological features should increase viewer understanding, and produce an effective informal educational display.

Clary, R. M.; Wandersee, J. H.



Big Brother  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Big Brother is an easy to use tool for fast and efficient site hyperlink checks. This Macintosh shareware (cost of $10) was developed by Franois Pottier, a theoretical computer science student at Projet Cristal, INRIA (The French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control). All that Big Brother requires is a URL and it takes care of the rest. The output includes a detailed summary of the links including the name, URL, source, and the diagnosis. Big Brother can also be configured for quick opening of sites and/or scripted to automate checking.

Pottier, Francois.


Computer graphics and the graphic artist  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A centralized computer graphics system is being developed at the NASA Langley Research Center. This system was required to satisfy multiuser needs, ranging from presentation quality graphics prepared by a graphic artist to 16-mm movie simulations generated by engineers and scientists. While the major thrust of the central graphics system was directed toward engineering and scientific applications, hardware and software capabilities to support the graphic artists were integrated into the design. This paper briefly discusses the importance of computer graphics in research; the central graphics system in terms of systems, software, and hardware requirements; the application of computer graphics to graphic arts, discussed in terms of the requirements for a graphic arts workstation; and the problems encountered in applying computer graphics to the graphic arts. The paper concludes by presenting the status of the central graphics system.

Taylor, N. L.; Fedors, E. G.; Pinelli, T. E.



Graphic functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews 13 publications (1910-1911), dealing with the psychology of graphic functions. There has been an increasing practical interest in writing and drawing activities. The studies focus upon the pedagogy of drawing and writing, methods of studying handwriting, conventional beliefs of graphology, unconscious imitations in handwriting, control of voluntary movements, factors of consciousness in the learning process and spatial dislocations.

June E. Downey




Microsoft Academic Search





On Picture-Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a To write “sun”, “moon” and “tree” in picture-writing, one draws simply a circle, a crescent and some simplified, conventionalized\\u000a picture of a tree, respectively. Picture-writing was used by some tribes of red Indians and it may well be that more advanced\\u000a systems of writing evolved everywhere from this primitive system. And so picture-writing may be the ultimate source of the

G. Polya


St. Augustine Class Picture  

E-print Network

Highlights · St. Augustine · Class Picture · Birthdays · Manners and Culture TheELIWeekly Historic of fun, with a little history thrown in on the side! Class Picture The ELI Class picture for Spring, 2007 will be taken on Tuesday, April 10th, at 10:30am. Students in morning Reading/Writing classes will leave

Pilyugin, Sergei S.


Creating graphical interactive application objects by demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lapidary user interface tool allows all pictorial aspects of programs to be specified graphically. In addition, the behavior of these objects at run-time can be specified using dialogue boxes and by demonstration. In particular, Lapidary allows the designer to draw pictures of application-specific graphical objects which will be created and maintained at run-time by the application. This includes the

Brad A. Myers; Brad Vander Zanden; Roger B. Dannenberg



Big bluestem  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) is a warm season grass native to North America, accounting for 40% of the herbaceous biomass of the tall grass prairie, and a candidate for bioenergy feedstock production. The goal of this study was to measure among and within population genetic variation of natura...


159.235 Graphics & Graphical Programming  

E-print Network

· Java Graphics · HTML, VRML & Markup Languages · Rendering · Drawing Primitives · Human graphics and graphical systems · Also, to show you how to understand and evaluate future packages for this paper, however you may find the following useful: · Java 2D Graphics, Johnathan Knudsen, Pub. O

Hawick, Ken


Graphic Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Graphic Groundwater (GGW) is a graphical user-interface for the USGS ground water modeling code MODFLOW. It allows the user to start with a topographic map, build a model grid directly on the map, enter hydraulic properties into grid cells as one would into a spreadsheet, click on the grid to enter the positions of water wells, and (among other things) track imaginary "particles" that would flow into the well from the surrounding area. GGW was created by Steve Esling at Southern Illinois University/Carbondale. Students delineate the area from which a well will draw recharge during a five-year period. It's a practical problem and one that allows them to put together geologic skills (reading maps, drawing cross sections) with hydrogeologic concepts (recharge area, ground water flow, hydraulic properties of earth materials) to produce something that would be meaningful to a community zoning or planning board. The students control the whole look and shape of the visualization and can alter variables at will to experiment with how each change affects ground water flow.

Laura Sanders


Big Data\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

s, and financial econometricanalyses of asset return dynamics, which have been similarly transformed by the availability of tick-by-tick data for thousands of assets.From the vantage point of the examples sketched above, the Reichlin and Watson papers don'tanalyze really Big Data, but they certainly represent a movement of macroeconometrics in that direction.In traditional small-data macroeconometric environments such as Stock and Watson

Francis X. Diebold


Big Bubbles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do you measure a bubble when it's floating? You can't really, but in this activity, learners can measure the diameter of the ring of suds a bubble leaves on a flat surface. The fun is blowing up the bubbles as big as possible with a straw. Then comes the measuring. This activity can be used to connect science and math, and makes a great rainy day or indoor lunch activity.



Show, Don't Tell: Graphic Novels in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The students can explore an entirely fascinating new world through graphic novels introduced into the classrooms. The graphic novels include genre fiction like superhero and horror stories that combine words and pictures, which are appealing to the students. Several titles with connections to traditional English literature are recommended.

Weiner, Stephen



Picturing wavepacket reduction  

E-print Network

A coherent picture of the wavepacket-reduction process is proposed which is formulated in the framework of a deterministic and realist interpretation where the concepts of knowledge or information and of point particles do not appear. It is shown how the picture accounts for the experiments on interaction-free and delayed-choice measurements and those on interference with partial absorption.

Arthur Jabs



Color Fidelity in Computer Graphics: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to make a state of the art for color delity in computer graphics. Color delity includes three steps. The rst one is the spectral rendering phase which attributes a spectrum to each pixel of a picture. During the second step, a spectral data is transformed into a set of tristimulus values in the XY

Gilles Rougeron; Bernard Péroche



Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.


Design Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mathematician, David R. Hedgley, Jr. developed a computer program that considers whether a line in a graphic model of a three-dimensional object should or should not be visible. Known as the Hidden Line Computer Code, the program automatically removes superfluous lines and displays an object from a specific viewpoint, just as the human eye would see it. An example of how one company uses the program is the experience of Birdair which specializes in production of fabric skylights and stadium covers. The fabric called SHEERFILL is a Teflon coated fiberglass material developed in cooperation with DuPont Company. SHEERFILL glazed structures are either tension structures or air-supported tension structures. Both are formed by patterned fabric sheets supported by a steel or aluminum frame or cable network. Birdair uses the Hidden Line Computer Code, to illustrate a prospective structure to an architect or owner. The program generates a three- dimensional perspective with the hidden lines removed. This program is still used by Birdair and continues to be commercially available to the public.



Picture an Astronomer Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, which serves as an introduction to an astronomy unit or to a classroom visit by an astronomer or space scientist, students are asked to imagine an astronomer and then draw a picture. In the instructions, no clues are given about the astronomer's race, sex, or age. Students discuss why they drew the pictures they drew and why they have the mental images of scientists that they have.

Andrew Fraknoi



Baryogenesis: A small review of the big picture  

E-print Network

I schematically, and very lightly, review some ideas that fuel model building in the field of baryogenesis. Due to limitations of space, and my expertise, this mini-review is incomplete and biased toward particle physics, especially supersymmetry.

Balazs, Csaba



The big picture: Masculinities in recent world history  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the question of how we should study men in gender relations, and what view of modern world history an understanding of masculinity might give us. I start with the reasons why \\

R. W. Connell



The Big Picture: Understanding Learning and Meta-Learning Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future learning agenda is fraught with uncertainty. This opening article attempts to pose broad societal questions that determine the learning agenda-setting as well as the emergence of new knowledge paradigms. It begins with a quick overview of the futures of learning agenda. Then, it moves on to depict the value chain that departs from…

Carneiro, Roberto



Divide and Conquer: Detecting Patterns that Explain the Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alecia Ford, co-author of this article, had a problem that teachers everywhere face more and more frequently with the predominance of standardized testing--too much world history to teach in too little time. Her problem relates to how she can help her sixth-grade students develop an in-depth understanding of the Enlightenment, a period in history…

Secules, Teresa; Ford, Alecia



The Big Picture: How Social Work Can Effectively Utilize Photographs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work has struggled with image problems and misperceptions of the profession and the types of services it provides. Photography is a medium that has been used effectively by other professions to change attitudes and perceptions. The present study examined the potential of photographs to change the image of available social services--namely,…

Marshall, Heather L.; Craun, Sarah W.; Theriot, Matthew T.



Big picture, myopic gaze: histories of the Solomons' crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews two recent histories of the political upheavals in Solomon Islands. Both give clear accounts of the apparently unstoppable descent into mismanagement and corruption that culminated in the landing of a 2000-strong Australian-led Pacific intervention force in July 2003. Clive Moore's account invites discussion in terms of influential antecedents such as the tradition of endemic fighting, Christianity, and

Judith A Bennett


Energy in Washington State Tomorrow: The Big Picture  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provide world-class energy R&D to the U.S. Department of Energy, other U.S. federal agencies, and industrial and international clients. Sometimes, however, they like to look around at their own neighborhood. PNNL staff recently developed a profile of energy use and production in their home state of Washington, and this article, the second of a two-part series, looks forward to the future of energy use in Washington.

Shankle, Steve A.; Davidson, Casie L.



Energy in Washington State Today: The Big Picture  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provide world-class energy R&D to the U.S. Department of Energy, other U.S. federal agencies, and industrial and international clients. Sometimes, however, they like to look around at their own neighborhood. PNNL staff recently developed a profile of energy use and production in their home state of Washington, and this article is the first of two coming out of that effort. This first piece will outline the current energy situation in Washington, and the second one (forthcoming in the AeA Techline fall issue) will describe Washington's energy future.

Shankle, Steve A.; Davidson, Casie L.



Considering the Big Picture: How Significant Are Policy Initiatives?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic and journalistic comment is prioritised by the endless flood of policy initiatives. Yet these can be seen to be determined by long term intellectual frameworks which define why some issues remain constant and others remain marginal. Thus the dominance of academic provision and neglect of the vocational dates back to the nineteenth…

Fisher, Trevor



Big Picture: Number Crunching Ideas for further research  

E-print Network

. Data forgery Sir Cyril Burt, a famous psychologist who researched IQ levels in identical twins investigating an area of personal interest highly motivating, especially if this involves practical work

Rambaut, Andrew


Losing the Big Picture: How Religion May Control Visual Attention  

PubMed Central

Despite the abundance of evidence that human perception is penetrated by beliefs and expectations, scientific research so far has entirely neglected the possible impact of religious background on attention. Here we show that Dutch Calvinists and atheists, brought up in the same country and culture and controlled for race, intelligence, sex, and age, differ with respect to the way they attend to and process the global and local features of complex visual stimuli: Calvinists attend less to global aspects of perceived events, which fits with the idea that people's attentional processing style reflects possible biases rewarded by their religious belief system. PMID:19002253

Colzato, Lorenza S.; van den Wildenberg, Wery P. M.; Hommel, Bernhard



Picturing Sex Education: Notes on the politics of visual stratification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the scarcity of research on depictions and layout in sex education materials. It is argued that pictures and layout can inform an analysis of social stratification based on visual access. This process of social organization is located using four theoretical models. However these models do not lend themselves to a close reading of graphical strategies. To illustrate

Diederik F. Janssen



Big Crunch\\/big Bang String Cosmologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study Big Crunch\\/Big Bang cosmologies that correspond to exact worldsheet superconformal field theories of type II strings. Generically, the Big Crunch fluctuation spectrum is altered when passing through the bounce singularity. The change in the spectrum is characterized by a function which is momentum and time-dependent. We compute this function explicitly and show that it indicates \\

Ben Craps; Burt Ovrut



Pictures in the Sky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors teach an astronomy unit in their seventh-grade course that they find never fails to motivate and stretch the imagination. The questions students ask are wonder-full: "What was here before the universe?" "If there was nothing before the Big Bang, where did energy and matter come from?" "Does the universe have a boundary, and if it does,…

Brako, Elisa; Fout, James; Peltz, William H.



American History Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Ms. Bennion



Introduction Big Radio Data  

E-print Network

Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Big Radio Data Ue-Li Pen CITA, UofT, CIFAR July 3, 2014U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Overview History VLBI Processing Future U. Pen Big signal processing U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary VLBI Current experiments

Prodiæ, Aleksandar



E-print Network

CHARLOTTE: BIG DATA & ANALYTICS #12;Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics charlottechamber.com2 ManyFab, Inc. UGL Services Weyco Group #12; Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics 3 12/13 330 S and cltecondev charlottechamber Table of Contents Charlotte: Embracing Big Data

Raja, Anita


PhotoGraphic Libraries: Education Resource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library is an educational resource site that provides links to other sites related to the field of photographic images. Links are arranged in categories that include stock and moving images, media services, photo and ad agencies, graphics, and clip art. The site also contains a library and archive collection that consists of national and private photographic collections. Ultimately, this site is an excellent resource for television producers, advertising agencies, libraries, education centers, picture researchers, and media services researching visual communications.


Geometry and Picturing the  

E-print Network

Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem Kelly McKinnie History Pappus' Theorem Geometries Picturing the projective plane Lines in projective geometry Back to Pappus' Theorem Proof of Pappus' Theorem Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem Kelly McKinnie March 23, 2010 #12;Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem

Gideon, Rudy A.


Picture Matching Fossils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching the students how to picture match fossils and to use the Treatise to find more information. Students are given a wide range of fossils to look at and appropriate material to match their fossil to an image which gives the genus and species name. With that information, the students turn to the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology to find upper level taxonomic names.

Elizabeth Rhenberg


Picture Books for Teens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses picture books that are suitable for teens, particularly middle school readers, and provides detailed reviews for five titles that have appealing story themes and illustrations including: Tony Millionaires' Sock Monkey: A Children's Book; Mick Foley's Christmas Chaos; Mick Foley's Halloween Hijinx; The Book of Jack; and Moby Dick. (LRW)

Kan, Kat



Banda Aceh Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a page of images of the devestation in Banda Aceh taken by two medical doctors in the region helping with the relief effort (Dr. Eric Rasmussen, MD, US Navy and Dr. Dave Warner, MD, Ph.D.). Most of the pictures were taken a mile or more from the coast.


Picture-Taking 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having taken close to 5000 digital pictures in the last few years, the author can easily say that nearly half of them are of her students' artwork. As stated in her May 2006 article in "SchoolArts", "Digital Diversity," the author uses her photos in everything from digital presentations to parent communication, in permanent art exhibits in school,…

Coy, Mary



Voyager picture of Jupiter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Voyager 1 took this picture of the planet Jupiter on Saturday, Jan. 6, the first in its three-month-long, close-up investigation of the largest planet. The spacecraft, flying toward a March 5 closest approach, was 35.8 million miles (57.6 million kilometers) from Jupiter and 371.7 million miles (598.2 million kilometers) from Earth when the picture was taken. As the Voyager cameras begin their meteorological surveillance of Jupiter, they reveal a dynamic atmosphere with more convective structure than had previously been thought. While the smallest atmospheric features seen in this picture are still as large as 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) across, Voyager will be able to detect individual storm systems as small as 3 miles (5 kilometers) at closest approach. The Great Red Spot can be seen near the limb at the far right. Most of the other features are too small to be seen in terrestrial telescopes. This picture was transmitted to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory through the Deep Space Network's tracking station at Madrid, Spain. The Voyager Project is managed for NASA by Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.



Correspondence: Words and Pictures  

E-print Network

) Detection · What pictures contain a giraffe? · Experimental protocol · apply detector to images known the giraffe has been put in the right place · but they may be meaningless or unreliable · in many test sets high · datasets seldom baselined Localization · Where should I shoot to hit the giraffe? · Experimental

Forsyth, David


GUIdebook: Graphical User Interface Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of religious icons and other illustrative and symbolic elements is well-documented both in print publications, and to a lesser extent, in various online archives and exhibitions. But what about the world of graphical user interfaces, such as the icons that populate many of our computer screens? Curious visitors will find their fill at this online museum of graphical interfaces, many of which even some long-time computer users may have forgotten about. Divided into categories such as icons, sounds, components, and interfaces, the site contains over 2675 pictures and 651 icons from 51 interfaces. Visitors may want to browse through some of these sections, especially ones like the "Splashes" area where they can view some of those iconic images that are (or were) displayed while various programs are in the process of launching. Here visitors can view such classics as those splashes created for Netscape Navigator 2.0 and Microsoft Word 1.1. Also, even the most stoic user may shed a tear while listening to some of the "classic" sounds of such platforms as Windows 95, which are also available here. Rounding things out here are a selection of historical articles on graphical user interfaces, and a few advertisements from the not-so-distant past, including one featuring a certain Harvard drop-out-turned billionaire.


Temporal invariance for picture-word translation: Evidence from drawing-writing and naming-reading tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two experiments, picture-word processing was investigated using graphic (drawing-writing) and verbal (naming-reading) production\\u000a tasks. In both experiments, the subjects drew a picture or wrote a word upon presentation of a picture or a word stimulus.\\u000a Additionally, the subjects in Experiment 2 named a picture or read a word stimulus. Production onset latency was assessed.\\u000a In both experiments, drawing production

Paul C. Amrhein



Genesis of the big bang  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors of this volume have been intimately connected with the conception of the big bang model since 1947. Following the late George Gamov's ideas in 1942 and more particularly in 1946 that the early universe was an appropriate site for the synthesis of the elements, they became deeply involved in the question of cosmic nucleosynthesis and particularly the synthesis of the light elements. In the course of this work they developed a general relativistic model of the expanding universe with physics folded in, which led in a progressive, logical sequence to our prediction of the existence of a present cosmic background radiation some seventeen years before the observation of such radiation was reported by Penzias and Wilson. In addition, they carried out with James W. Follin, Jr., a detailed study of the physics of what was then considered to be the very early universe, starting a few seconds after the big bang, which still provides a methodology for studies of light element nucleosynthesis. Because of their involvement, they bring a personal perspective to the subject. They present a picture of what is now believed to be the state of knowledge about the evolution of the expanding universe and delineate the story of the development of the big bang model as they have seen and lived it from their own unique vantage point.

Alpher, Ralph A.; Herman, Robert


More Picture-Perfect Science Book Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Would you like to use the award-winning Picture-Perfect Science series but don't want the hassle of tracking down the trade books that accompany each lesson? At teachers' requests, NSTA is now offering a collection of 23 hardcover and softcover picture books used as part of the popular More Picture Perfect Science Lessons. All the books fit inside a zippered canvas tote bag with a screened image of the book cover on it. This bundled set is a great value over the retail cost of more than $350. Titles included in the set are ? Pop! A Book About Bubbles? How Big Is a Foot?? How Tall How Short? Hear Your Heart? The Busy Body Book? Lucas and His Loco Beans? Diary of a Worm? Wiggling Worms at Work? Over in the Ocean? Coral Reef Animals? Our Tree Named Steve? Be a Friend to Trees? Magnetic and Nonmagnetic? Roller Coaster? I Fall Down? I See Myself? If You Find a Rock? Rocks: Hard, Soft, Smooth?? Sunshine on My Shoulders? When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer? Spots of Light? Imaginative Inventions? The Important Book



Grading the Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work as graphics illustrators on a newspaper, interpreting, creating, and analyzing graphic displays. The page opens to the tasks as well as the solutions for each task and, most helpful, a scoring rubric.



The LIFE Picture Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although this is a commercial site with pictures and images for sale, users can nonetheless view and appreciate one of "the most extraordinary collections of pictures in the world" at The Picture Collection from Time, Inc. An initial free registration is required, and after that users need only log on to gain access to over 22 million images, including illustrations, prints, and photographs. Archival materials from many popular magazines are available here, including images from Time, Life, Sports Illustrated, People, and Entertainment Weekly, as well as material from the recently acquired Mansell Collection. "Mansell photographs date from the beginnings of the medium in the 1840s through World War II [and] depict a vast range of scenics, important news events, and historical personalities, with a special emphasis on art and architecture. In addition, the new Mansell Collection includes extraordinary holdings of engraved illustrations, lithographs, and drawings predating the advent of photographic imaging." In addition to a key word search function, The Picture Collection offers a special searching and licensing program that lets you search for and store materials in "Lightboxes" of your own creation for later use; these are similar to folders that one might use in a conventional software setting. The program also calculates licensing fees for images based on what type of usage is intended (newspaper, magazine, Website, etc.). Research help is available for those users who would like someone else to do the searching, with one half-hour of free research offered initially. After that, a fee of 85 dollars an hour is charged; some or all of this fee may be waived if one or more images are licensed. An excellent help section rounds out this site and makes perusing this amazing (if somewhat overwhelming) collection even more pleasurable.


25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows the paper after it has been coated and dried, as shown on page 238, and it being rolled at the end of the coating-machine. It is now ready to be sent to the big presses which calender it (or iron it, as popular pariance would have it). The pictures on pages 238 and 239 show a continuous process over a single machine; but on account of the length of teh machine, the process is illustrated in sections. (p.239.) - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA


Graphics Turing Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We define a Graphics Turing Test to measure graphics performance in a similar manner,to the definition of the traditional Turing Test. To pass the test one needs to reach a computational scale, the Graphics Turing Scale, for which Computer Generated Imagery becomes comparatively indistinguishable from real images while also being interactive. We derive an estimate for this computational scale

Michael D. Mcguigan



Automating tactile graphics translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to graphical images (bar charts, diagrams, line graphs, etc.) that are in a tactile form (representation through which content can be accessed by touch) is inadequate for students who are blind and take mathematics, science, and engineering courses. We describe our analysis of the current work practices of tactile graphics specialists who create tactile forms of graphical images. We

Richard E. Ladner; Melody Y. Ivory; Rajesh Rao; Sheryl Burgstahler; Dan Comden; Sangyun Hahn; Matthew Renzelmann; Satria Krisnandi; Mahalakshmi Ramasamy; Beverly Slabosky; Andrew Martin; Amelia Lacenski; Stuart Olsen; Dmitri Groce



Graphics for free  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students find computer graphics one of the most interesting topics in computer science. Unfortunately, writing programs with graphics requires understanding concepts that are usually beyond the scope of an introductory computer science course. For example, in Windows 95, a program that uses graphics must have an event loop that dispatches messages to the appropriate handler. Event loops, messages, and handlers

Martin C. Carlisle



Graphics for free  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students find computer graphics one of the most interesting topics in computer science. Unfortunately, writing programs with graphics requires understanding concepts that are usually beyond the scope of an introductory computer science course. For example, in Windows 95, a program that uses graphics must have an event loop that dispatches messages to the appropriate handler. Event loops, messages and handlers

Martin C. Carlisle



From big crunch to big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider conditions under which a universe contracting towards a big crunch can make a transition to an expanding big bang universe. A promising example is 11-dimensional M theory in which the eleventh dimension collapses, bounces, and reexpands. At the bounce, the model can reduce to a weakly coupled heterotic string theory and, we conjecture, it may be possible to

Justin Khoury; Burt A. Ovrut; Nathan Seiberg; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok



Iconographic dental typography. A dental character font for computer graphics.  


The recent massive increase in available memory for microcomputers now allows multiple font faces to be stored in computer RAM memory for instant access to the screen and for printed output. Fonts can be constructed in which the characters are not just letters or numbers, but are miniature graphic icons--in this instance pictures of teeth. When printed on an appropriate laser printer, this produces printed graphics of publishing quality. PMID:2059532

McCormack, J



Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage  

E-print Network

Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage the era of fixed to Supercomputing (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 1 / 32 #12;Evolution of Graphics (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 2 / 32 #12;evolution of graphics pipelines

Verschelde, Jan


Communicating with Pictures and Precision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the earliest civilizations, humans have used drawings and pictures as a form of communication and to convey information--whether it was the seasons or location of good hunting grounds. In this month's column, simple alphabet picture books show students how pictures can be used to communicate information about a topic. In the first activity,…

Royce, Christine Anne



Five Big Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing quality continuing professional development (CPD) for those teaching mathematics in primary schools is a challenge. If the CPD is to be built on the scaffold of five big ideas in mathematics, what might be these five big ideas? Might it just be a case of, if you tell me your five big ideas, then I'll tell you mine? Here, there is…

Morgan, Debbie




E-print Network

, production-system models of Kieras and Polson[7]. Karat [4] attempted just such an analysis to compare, and studied a file deletion task. Karat indeed found that the graphical system was easier, and though the CCT

Furnas, George W.


Pictures of the Year  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the oldest and most prestigious photojournalism competitions, Pictures of the Year was established 58 years ago by a University of Missouri-Columbia photojournalism professor. This year's overall winners will be announced on April 19, but in the meantime, readers can view the winning photos and those that received the Award of Excellence in the three major categories: Newspaper, Magazine, and General. These images were selected from over 32,000 entries, and they run the full gamut of subject matter and emotion. Visitors will find images that are amusing, inspiring, beautiful, and heartbreaking. Highly recommended and well worth a visit.


Pictures in Pictures: Art History and Art Museums in Children's Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's picture books that recreate, parody, or fictionalize famous artworks and introduce the art museum experience, a genre to which I will refer as "children's art books," have become increasingly popular over the past decade. This essay explores the pedagogical implications of this trend through the family program "Picture Books and Picture

Yohlin, Elizabeth



159.235 Graphics 1 159.235 Graphics & Graphical  

E-print Network

Determination #12;159.235 Graphics 2 Hidden Surface Removal · Inventing renderers led to geometric models, a call for more realism and therefore lots of polygons. · All this led to intense interest in finding points out. · Project a polygon. ­ Test z component of surface normal. If negative ­ cull, since normal

Hawick, Ken


Learning in graphical models  

E-print Network

Statistical applications in fields such as bioinformatics, information retrieval, speech processing, image processing and communications often involve large-scale models in which thousands or millions of random variables are linked in complex ways. Graphical models provide a general methodology for approaching these problems, and indeed many of the models developed by researchers in these applied fields are instances of the general graphical model formalism. We review some of the basic ideas underlying graphical models, including the algorithmic ideas that allow graphical models to be deployed in large-scale data analysis problems. We also present examples of graphical models in bioinformatics, error-control coding and language processing. Key words and phrases: Probabilistic graphical models, junction tree algorithm, sum-product algorithm, Markov chain Monte Carlo, variational inference, bioinformatics, error-control coding.

Michael I. Jordan




NSDL National Science Digital Library

Be sure you have some extra time when visiting this fun site from Kodak. While aimed at younger users, almost anyone can enjoy manipulating photos with the eleven different filters provided. Users can upload their own digital photos from their computer, images from elsewhere on the Web, or use some of the samples provided. Photos can be transformed into sketches or antiqued prints, made psychedelic, or turned into oil paintings or neon images. Users can also transform photos of people into cartoons, flowers, or animals. Once finished, the new images can be saved or sent as a free multimedia electronic postcard. Most file formats are accepted for upload, and directions for preparing your pictures are provided. Special sections on digital photography techniques and equipment (with some commercial content) round out the site.


Lianhuanhua: Picture Storybook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First created by a Shanghai publisher in the 1920s, lian huan hua (which means "linked serial pictures") were a series of popular children's books known for their simplicity and heraldic subjects. These short volumes fell out of favor during the time of the Cultural Revolution in China, though Premier Zhou Enlai revived their development in the early 1970s as a propaganda tool. This particular digital collection comes from the Hamilton Library at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The collection here includes mostly items from the year 1971 to 1975, and visitors will be glad to learn that there are over 500 images in this database. On the collection's homepage, visitors can check out a featured book cover, and then move along to browse around or perform their own search.


Bilingualism affects picture naming but not picture classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bilinguals named pictures in their dominant language more slowly (and with more errors) than did monolinguals. In contrast,\\u000a bilinguals named the same pictures as quickly as did monolinguals on the fifth presentation (in Experiment 2) and classified\\u000a them (ashuman made ornatural) as quickly and accurately as did monolinguals (in Experiment 1). In addition, bilinguals retrieved English picture names\\u000a more quickly

Tanar H. Gollan; Rosa I. Montoya; Christine Fennema-Notestine; Shaunna K. Morris



Was Cosmic Inflation the 'Bang' of the Big Bang?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses cosmologists current understanding of the inflationary universe theory. It poses the question: "Was cosmic inflation the "bang" of the big bang?" Chapters include 1. Introduction; 2. A very special bang; 3. The inflationary universe; 4. Inflation and the very special bang, and 5. The current picture.

Guth, A.


Day One: The small things that make a big difference  

E-print Network

: A picture worth a thousand words Dick de Jong, Henk Zeevat and Rusudan Asatiani dance the night away. DayILLC Day One: The small things that make a big difference Dick de Jong and Jan van Eijk enjoy, originally from the Netherlands, who graced our inaugural conference dinner with her presence. Night Two

ten Cate, Balder


Big Data Begets Big Database Theory University of Washington  

E-print Network

Big Data Begets Big Database Theory Dan Suciu University of Washington 1 Motivation Industry analysts describe Big Data in terms of three V's: volume, velocity, variety. The data is too big to process the technical challenges in big data, but we find no inspiration in the three Vs. Volume is surely nothing new

Suciu, Dan


An Interactive Graphics System for Comparing and Model Building of Macromolecules  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive graphics program is described for use with the Evans & Sutherland Picture System 2 which is suitable for the comparison and refinement of protein structures. Several protein molecules and electron density maps can be viewed simultaneously, while great flexibility exists in creating, modifying and manipulating the picture on the screen. As the program is file oriented, it can

W. G. J. Hol; L. J. Lijk; B. W. Dijkstra; S. Dempsey; N. P. Brandenburg



Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Naval Observatory's Time Service Department Web site (last mentioned in the June 5, 1998 Scout Report ) has a recently added moon phase picture page. Officially called the Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures site, users can see a picture of the current phase of the moon, as well as choose to view the phase of the Moon for any date and time from 1800 to 2199 AD. Although the pictures sometimes leave a little to be desired, the idea behind the site is pretty cool.


Character Animation from 2D Pictures and 3D Motion Data ALEXANDER HORNUNG, ELLEN DEKKERS, and LEIF KOBBELT  

E-print Network

Character Animation from 2D Pictures and 3D Motion Data ALEXANDER HORNUNG, ELLEN DEKKERS, and LEIF, or dancing. Categories and Subject Descriptors: I.3.3 [Computer Graphics]: Picture/Image Generation; I.4-rigid-as-possible shape manipulation with perspective correction ACM Reference Format: Hornung, A., Dekkers, E

Kazhdan, Michael


Actively learning computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

As technology advances in computer graphics, artists are pushing the boundaries visually in video games and animation. A good way to understand what actually goes into creating even a single character for either a video game or a computer-generated movie is to experiment with higher-level tools while exploring the mathematical foundations of computer graphics. This paper will focus on an

Jermaine Coston; Andrea Edwards



Reality Engine graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

TM graphics system is the first of a new genera- tion of systems designed primarily to render texture mapped, an- tialiased polygons. This paper describes the architecture of the RealityEngine graphics system, then justifies some of the decisions made during its design. The implementation is near-massively par- allel, employing 353 independent processors in its fullest configura- tion, resulting in a

Kurt Akeley



Quantitative Graphics in Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of quantitative graphics in newspapers requires achieving a balance between being accurate and getting the attention of the reader. The statistical representations in newspapers are drawn by graphic designers whose key technique is fusion--the striking combination of two visual images. This technique often results in visual puns,…

Tankard, James W., Jr.


Graphics mini manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer graphics capabilities available at the Center are introduced and their use is explained. More specifically, the manual identifies and describes the various graphics software and hardware components, details the interfaces between these components, and provides information concerning the use of these components at LaRC.

Taylor, Nancy L.; Randall, Donald P.; Bowen, John T.; Johnson, Mary M.; Roland, Vincent R.; Matthews, Christine G.; Gates, Raymond L.; Skeens, Kristi M.; Nolf, Scott R.; Hammond, Dana P.




EPA Science Inventory

SAS picture format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a picture format one can create a series of templates for displ...



EPA Science Inventory

SAS PICTURE format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a PICTURE format one can create a series of templates for displa...


Handwritten picture language for effective pattern recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exist many techniques for automatic beautification from handwritten pictures. Some pictures, however, still remain after any sort of recognition is used. In fact, some handwritten pictures can be recognized easily and others are difficult to recognize. We design a handwritten picture language which is composed of pictures already known to be recognized easily. The user draws an original picture

Sachiko Kawachiya



Graphic artist in computerland  

SciTech Connect

The field of computer graphics is rapidly opening up to the graphic artist. It is not necessary to be a programming expert to enter this fascinating world. The capabilities of the medium are astounding: neon and metallic effects, translucent plastic and clear glass effects, sensitive 3-D shadings, limitless textures, and above all color. As with any medium, computer graphics has its advantages, such as speed, ease of form manipulation, and a variety of type fonts and alphabets. It also has its limitations, such as data input time, final output turnaround time, and not necessarily being the right medium for the job at hand. And finally, it is the time- and cost-saving characteristics of computer-generated visuals, opposed to original artwork, that make computer graphics a viable alternative. This paper focuses on parts of the computer graphics system in use at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to provide specific examples.

Dolberg, K.M.



Unconscious semantic priming from pictures.  


Three experiments examined the effects of unconsciously presented picture primes on semantic categorization and naming responses to both word and picture targets. Picture naming and word categorization responses to targets were faster and more accurate when the picture primes belonged to the same semantic category as the targets, so called priming effect. No priming was found when subjects performed a word reading task. When priming was evident, no difference was found between responses to targets that were nominally identical to primes (e.g. the picture of a lion followed by either the word LION or the picture of a lion) compared with nominally different targets from the same semantic category as the primes (e.g. the picture of an ELEPHANT followed by either the word LION or the picture of a lion). Responding did not differ significantly from chance when subjects were asked to categorize the primes as natural objects vs. artifacts or as meaningful vs. meaningless objects in three distinct forced-choice unspeeded tasks. PMID:10536225

Dell'Acqua, R; Grainger, J



Looking Beyond Picture Book Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes shortcomings in research efforts intended to discover children's picture book preferences. Describes a research approach adapted from the field of anthropology, in which the researcher conducted observations and interviews as children respond to picture books in natural classroom settings. (EL)

Kiefer, Barbara



Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life  

E-print Network

Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life #12;Introduction We live movements, we are creating vast personal datasets as well. The challenge presented by big data isn't just can extract from it, and big data is being used in all aspects of life. In crime prevention it helps

Crowther, Paul


Dual of big bang and big crunch  

SciTech Connect

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by the procedure of double analytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are nonsingular as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Bak, Dongsu [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)



Big Ball of Mud  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much attention has been focused on high-level software architectural patterns, what is, in effect, the de-facto standard software architecture is seldom discussed. This paper examines the most frequently deployed architecture: the BIG BALL OF MUD. A BIG BALL OF MUD is a casually, even haphazardly, structured system. Its organization, if one can call it that, is dictated more by

Brian Foote; Joseph Yoder



Big Ideas in Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares how she was able to discover some big ideas about art education. She relates how she found great ideas to improve her teaching from the book "Rethinking Curriculum in Art." She also shares how she designed a "Big Idea" unit in her class.

Day, Kathleen



Hierarchical Big Bang Cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

McCREA1 has correctly stated that one of us (G. de V.) had criticized2 ``current big bang cosmology'' in reviewing the overwhelming evidence for hierarchical clustering in the galaxy distribution; it is incorrect, however, to assume that such criticism was directed only or even chiefly at big bang models. The principal intention was to point out the need to study the

G. de Vaucouleurs



The big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our universe was born billions of years ago in a hot, violent explosion of elementary particles and radiation - the big bang. What do we know about this ultimate moment of creation, and how do we know it? Drawing upon the latest theories and technology, this new edition of The big bang, is a sweeping, lucid account of the event

Joseph Silk



Implementing Big History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that world history should be taught as "Big History," a view that includes all space and time beginning with the Big Bang. Discusses five "Cardinal Questions" that serve as a course structure and address the following concepts: perspectives, diversity, change and continuity, interdependence, and causes. (CMK)

Welter, Mark



Are the ‘Big Six’ ‘big’ in Belgium?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies in the United States, Europe and Australia have shown that the market for audit services is highly concentrated and largely dominated by the same ‘Big Six’ international audit firms. This paper measures the degree of concentration in the Belgian audit market through an empirical study of the number of professionally qualified auditors employed by each audit firm and some

Véronique Weets; Marc Jegers



Katrina Graphics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the National Hurricane Center hosts a variety of still graphics that can be looped into animations of the storm's progress. Images include 3- and 5-day Watches and Warnings, Wind Swaths and Strike Probabilities.

National Hurricane Center


Graphically Enhanced Science Notebooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A common mode of communication in the elementary classroom is the science notebook. In this article, the authors outline the ways in which "graphically enhanced science notebooks" can help engage students in complete and robust inquiry. Central to this ap

Eric Wiebe



Robot graphic simulation testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research was twofold. First, the basic capabilities of ROBOSIM (graphical simulation system) were improved and extended by taking advantage of advanced graphic workstation technology and artificial intelligence programming techniques. Second, the scope of the graphic simulation testbed was extended to include general problems of Space Station automation. Hardware support for 3-D graphics and high processing performance make high resolution solid modeling, collision detection, and simulation of structural dynamics computationally feasible. The Space Station is a complex system with many interacting subsystems. Design and testing of automation concepts demand modeling of the affected processes, their interactions, and that of the proposed control systems. The automation testbed was designed to facilitate studies in Space Station automation concepts.

Cook, George E.; Sztipanovits, Janos; Biegl, Csaba; Karsai, Gabor; Springfield, James F.



IPCC Vital Climate Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled from the second IPCC assessment report, these graphics include causes of climate change and projected impacts such as temperature changes and sea level rise. The figures are browseable by title.



Wilma Graphics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the National Hurricane Center hosts a variety of still graphics that can be looped into animations of the storm's progress. Images include 3- and 5-day Watches and Warnings, Wind Swaths and Strike Probabilities.

National Hurricane Center


Rita Graphics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the National Hurricane Center hosts a variety of still graphics that can be looped into animations of the storm's progress. Images include 3- and 5-day Watches and Warnings, Wind Swaths and Strike Probabilities.

National Hurricane Center


Flowfield computer graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this research include supporting the Aerothermodynamics Branch's research by developing graphical visualization tools for both the branch's adaptive grid code and flow field ray tracing code. The completed research for the reporting period includes development of a graphical user interface (GUI) and its implementation into the NAS Flowfield Analysis Software Tool kit (FAST), for both the adaptive grid code (SAGE) and the flow field ray tracing code (CISS).

Desautel, Richard




NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BigDog's goal is to be the world's most advanced quadruped robot for outdoor applications. BigDog is aimed at the mission of a mechanical mule - a category with few competitors to date: power autonomous quadrupeds capable of carrying significant payloads, operating outdoors, with static and dynamic mobility, and fully integrated sensing. BigDog is about 1 m tall, 1 m long and 0.3 m wide, and weighs about 90 kg. BigDog has demonstrated walking and trotting gaits, as well as standing up and sitting down. Since its creation in the fall of 2004, BigDog has logged tens of hours of walking, climbing and running time. It has walked up and down 25 & 35 degree inclines and trotted at speeds up to 1.8 m/s. BigDog has walked at 0.7 m/s over loose rock beds and carried over 50 kg of payload. We are currently working to expand BigDog's rough terrain mobility through the creation of robust locomotion strategies and terrain sensing capabilities.

Playter, R.; Buehler, M.; Raibert, M.



BigFoot: Big Data Analytics of Digital Footprints  

E-print Network

BigFoot: Big Data Analytics of Digital Footprints Project name BigFoot Project ID FP7-ICT-ICT-2011 months of the EU project BigFoot, and is related to the first phase "Design and Specification.1.2 Call 8 Project No. 317858 Working Package Number WP5 Deliverable Number D.5.1 Document title

Smaragdakis, Georgios


38The Big Bang -Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang  

E-print Network

38The Big Bang - Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang theory, the scale of the universe increases. This solution is thought to describe our universe during its' inflationary' era shortly after the Big Bang by Big Bang cosmology, and applies to the modern expansion of the universe. Problem 4 A) H = (/3) 1


A Stored Picture Hacking Facility  

E-print Network

A short description of LISP functions that have been written for use with the stored picture facility. These functions allow one to display an image of a stored scene on the 340 scope, and produce graphs and histograms of ...

Markowitz, Sidney


Matrix Big Brunch  

E-print Network

Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null Cosmologies with a Big Bang in terms of Matrix String Theory put forward by Craps, Sethi and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a Universe including both Big Bang and Big Crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using Matrix String Theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed Universe.

J. Bedford; C. Papageorgakis; D. Rodriguez-Gomez; J. Ward



Big Dipper Mobile  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By building their own Big Dipper mobile, kids learn that the distance between stars is not what it appears to be in this OLogy activity. The activity directions are provided as both a Web page and a printable PDF. The activity begins with a brief overview about how the small size of stars and the close distance between them are illusions. Kids then create a replica of the Big Dipper which realistically shows the relative size and distance of the constellation's stars, allowing kids to view the Big Dipper as if they were in a spaceship looking at it from the side.


Astronomy Picture of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each day a different image or photograph of a celestial object is featured. Pictures are selected for their particular beauty or astronomical interest, and each one is accompanied by a brief caption written by a professional astronomer. Links to additional information are embedded in the text of the caption. Previous pictures of the day are archived in reverse chronological order dating back to June 1995.


Pictures of the Hydrogen Atom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site offers a multimedia presentation on the properties of the hydrogen atom and the ways in which these properties are commonly visualized. Pictures and animations of states of the atom are presented with descriptions of both the physics and the visualization. Properties of the atom illustrated by the pictures include its size, its angular momentum, currents, and magnetic moment. Animations of superpositions of atomic states illustrate the properties of radiative transitions, including the strength of the radiation and its polarization.

Herrmann, Friedrich


Toddlers' referential understanding of pictures.  


Pictures are referential in that they can represent objects in the real world. Here we explore the emergence of understanding of the referential potential of pictures during the second year of life. In Study 1, 15-, 18-, and 24-month-olds learned a word for a picture of a novel object (e.g., "blicket") in the context of a picture book interaction. Later they were presented with the picture of a blicket along with the real object it depicted and asked to indicate the blicket. Many of the 24-, 18-, and even 15-month-olds indicated the real object as an instance of a blicket, consistent with an understanding of the referential relation between pictures and objects. In Study 2, children were tested with an exemplar object that differed in color from the depicted object to determine whether they would extend the label they had learned for the depicted object to a slightly different category member. The 15-, 18-, and 24-month-old participants failed to make a consistent referential response. The results are discussed in terms of whether pictorial understanding at this age is associative or symbolic. PMID:19560783

Ganea, Patricia A; Allen, Melissa L; Butler, Lucas; Carey, Susan; DeLoache, Judy S



Beyond the Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site disscusses inflation by beginning with an introduction to Eienstein and his biggest blunder. Then it overviews the big bang model of the universer and it also explains why inflation is a necessary component of this theory.

Felder, Gary N.


Levels of coding in picture-picture comparison tasks.  


Two experiments are reported in which subjects had to match pairs of pictures of objects. "Same" pairs could be either identical (Ps), pictures of different views of the same object (Pv), or pictures of different objects having the same name (Pd). With line drawings as stimuli, RTs for Condition Ps were shorter than for Condition Pv, which in turn were shorter than for Condition Pd. Visual similarity had no effect on Pd RTs. However, in Experiment II, where photographs of objects with high-frequency (HF) and low-frequency (LF) names were used, no difference was found between Conditions Ps(HF), Ps(LF) and Condition Pv(HF); and no difference occurred between Conditions Pd(HF), Pd(LF) and Condition Pv(LF), the latter set of conditions being associated with longer RTs than the former. This pattern of results was found with both a .25-sec and a 2-sec ISI. The results are discussed in terms of the levels of coding involved in processing information from picture stimuli. It is concluded that at least two levels are involved in matching photographs of real objects (an object-code level and a nonvisual semantic code level), while a third level may be used in matching tasks involving stylized line drawings (a picture-code level). PMID:21286986

Bartram, D J



Big Ball of Mud  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much attention has been focused on high-level software architectural patterns, what is, in effect, thede-facto standard software architecture is seldom discussed. This paper examines the most frequentlydeployed architecture: the BIG BALL OF MUD. A BIG BALL OF MUD is a casually, even haphazardly,structured system. Its organization, if one can call it that, is dictated more by expediency than design.

Brian Foote Joseph Yoder



Big Bang Baryogenesis  

E-print Network

An overview of baryogenesis in the early Universe is presented. The standard big bang model including big bang nucleosynthesis and inflation is breifly reviewed. Three basic models for baryogenesis will be developed: The ``standard" out-of-equilibrium decay model; the decay of scalar consensates along flat directions in supersymmetric models; and lepto-baryogenesis, which is the conversion of a lepton asymmetry into a baryon asymmetry via non-perturbative electroweak interactions.

Keith A. Olive



Build the Big Dipper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners use simple materials to construct a model the Big Dipper. Learners hang the model from a doorway or ceiling and look up at it to see the constellation as seen from Earth. They can also look at it from the side to see what the constellation would look like from space. This activity will familiarize learners with the stars that make up the Big Dipper and how far the stars are from Earth (in light years).

American Museum of Natural History



Managing facts and concepts: computer graphics and information graphics from a graphic designer's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book emphasizes the importance of graphic design for an information-oriented society. In an environment in which many new graphic communication technologies are emerging, it raises some issues which graphic designers and managers of graphic design production should consider in using the new technology effectively. In its final sections, it gives an example of the steps taken in designing a



How Big Are "Martin's Big Words"? Thinking Big about the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." tells of King's childhood determination to use "big words" through biographical information and quotations. In this lesson, students in grades 3 to 5 explore information on Dr. King to think about his "big" words, then they write about their own "big" words and dreams. During the one…

Gardner, Traci


SETI as a part of Big History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big History is an emerging academic discipline which examines history scientifically from the Big Bang to the present. It uses a multidisciplinary approach based on combining numerous disciplines from science and the humanities, and explores human existence in the context of this bigger picture. It is taught at some universities. In a series of recent papers ([11] through [15] and [17] through [18]) and in a book [16], we developed a new mathematical model embracing Darwinian Evolution (RNA to Humans, see, in particular, [17] and Human History (Aztecs to USA, see [16]) and then we extrapolated even that into the future up to ten million years (see 18), the minimum time requested for a civilization to expand to the whole Milky Way (Fermi paradox). In this paper, we further extend that model in the past so as to let it start at the Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) thus merging Big History, Evolution on Earth and SETI (the modern Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) into a single body of knowledge of a statistical type. Our idea is that the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM), so far used as the key stochastic process of financial mathematics (Black-Sholes models and related 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics!) may be successfully applied to the whole of Big History. In particular, in this paper we derive Big History Theory based on GBMs: just as the GBM is the “movie” unfolding in time, so the Statistical Drake Equation is its “still picture”, static in time, and the GBM is the time-extension of the Drake Equation. Darwinian Evolution on Earth may be easily described as an increasing GBM in the number of living species on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years. The first of them was RNA 3.5 billion years ago, and now 50 million living species or more exist, each evolving in a statistical way like the GBM stochastic process does. Also Human History may be rewritten in terms of GBMs, as this author did in recent papers just published in the International Journal of Astrobiology and Acta Astronautica. But those mathematical results will not be repeated in this paper in order not to make it too long. Possibly a whole new book about GBMs will be written by the author. Mass Extinctions of the geological past also are one more topic that may be cast in the language of a decreasing GBM over a short time lapse, since Mass Extinctions are sudden all-lows in the number of living species. In this paper, we give formulae for the decreasing GBMs of Mass Extinctions, like the K-Pg one of 64 million years ago. Finally, we note that the Big History Equation is just the extension of the Drake Equation to 13.8 billion years of cosmic evolution. So, the relevant GBM starting at the Big Bang epoch (13.8 billion years ago) and growing up to nowadays in a stochastically increasing fashion becomes the GBM of the number of evolving galaxies populating the Universe. Our Big History model based on the GBM mathematics is thus complete.

Maccone, Claudio



Projective invariance and picture perception.  


Four experiments test the assumption that, in the visual perception of pictures, observers have reliable and direct access to the equivalence of shapes in projective geometry. The assumption is that perception of projective equivalence is the basis of shape constancy ('the projective thesis'). Observers matched or reproduced abstract planar shapes under conditions of rotation in the picture plane, and pictured rotation in depth. Departure from projective equivalence was assessed in each study by measuring the planar analogue of cross ratio. Projective equivalence was not found to be perceived uniformly where Euclidean equivalence was not judged uniformly, either in recognition tasks or in production tasks. When the projective thesis is put to a suitably general test, confidence in the thesis is undermined. PMID:2102998

Niall, K K; Macnamara, J



The Picture Exchange Communication System: Digital Photographs versus Picture Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an augmentative and alternative system (AAC) used to improve and increase communication for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental disorders. Research addressing the efficacy of this system is increasing; however, there is limited information published that evaluates…

Jonaitis, Carmen



Scripting graphics with graphics : icons as a visual editing tool  

E-print Network

This thesis describes a system for scripting and editing graphic procedures with graphic representations or "icons." The icons are small bitmap images that carry with them information about spatial placement, list placement, ...

Shamonsky, Dorothy J



Monotonicity: Algebraically and Graphically  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demo provides a set of interactive graphical visualizations designed to help students better understand what it means for a function to be increasing/decreasing over an interval. A gallery of animations is included together with Excel programs and Java applets.

Roberts, Lila F.



Graphic Novels: A Roundup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews graphic novels for young adults, including five titles from "The Adventures of Tintin," a French series that often uses ethnic and racial stereotypes which reflect the time in which they were published, and "Wolverine," a Marvel comic character adventure. (Contains six references.) (LRW)

Kan, Katherine L.



Benchmarking: graphics workstations  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on work being performed to benchmark a new breed of machines, the graphics workstations for scientific and engineering applications. We begin with the history of workstations and how they developed. Many different forces created the graphics workstation. Scientific and engineering calculations are traditionally performed by super computers in a computing center. The graphic workstation was introduced, and this technology was added to the computing environment. The answers we need are ... what can the workstations do and when do we remove the programs or parts of programs from supercomputers and place them on worstations. Benchmarks and what they can and cannot measure are discussed in this light. The particulars about graphics benchmarks and the operating system, including windows, are reviewed, then the benchmarks we are using are described and the results are presented. Since this work is never finished, future plans are also discussed. The emphasis of our work is toward scientific and engineering workstations connected with existing mainframe computers. In the industry today we hear the term JAWS (Just Another WorkStation) when a new workstation is introduced. What does the new product do beyond those on the market. In this paper we present ways to measure and tell the difference between workstations.

Brown, B.E.; Judd, R.L.



Comics & Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Not so many years ago, comic books in school were considered the enemy. Students caught sneaking comics between the pages of bulky--and less engaging--textbooks were likely sent to the principal. Today, however, comics, including classics such as "Superman" but also their generally more complex, nuanced cousins, graphic novels, are not only…

Cleaver, Samantha



Graphic Correlation Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a graphic correlation lab exercise. It uses real data from a peer-reviewed journal publication by Lucy Edwards (1989). (I have manipulated the data set a little bit.) Students can finish the activity in two hours or less.

Dan Stephen


Myths of Computer Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer graphics textbooks teach that sampling by deterministic patterns or even lattices causes aliasing, which only can be avoided by random, i.e. independent sampling. They recommend random samples with blue noise characteristic, which however are highly correlated due to their maximized minimum mutual distance. On the other hand the rendering software mental ray, which is used to generate the majority

Alexander Keller


Software For Animated Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graphics Animation System (GAS) software package serves as easy-to-use, menu-driven program providing fast, simple viewing capabilities as well as more-complex features for rendering and animation in computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Displays two- and three-dimensional objects along with computed data and records animation sequences on video digital disk, videotape, and 16-mm film. Written in C.

Merritt, F.; Bancroft, G.; Kelaita, P.



Architectural Graphics Course Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document is a syllabus for an architectural graphics course taught by Dorothy Payton of Portland Community College. The course provides "an introduction to the design process and the common drawing types for residential design." This syllabus provides a list of desired student learning outcomes, including class activities to be completed throughout the course. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Payton, Dorothy


Perceptually Adaptive Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the Graphics community has come to realise the importance of taking human perception into ac- count when striving for realism in images, animations and Virtual Environments. In May 2001, a EUROGRAPH- ICS\\/SIGGRAPH Campfire brought together a group of researchers from various fields, including computer graph- ics and visualisation, psychology, neuroscience, eye-movements and medicine to discuss the future

Carol O'Sullivan; Sarah Howlett; Rachel McDonnell; Yann Morvan; Keith O'Conor



Raster graphics display library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Raster Graphics Display Library (RGDL) is a high level subroutine package that give the advanced raster graphics display capabilities needed. The RGDL uses FORTRAN source code routines to build subroutines modular enough to use as stand-alone routines in a black box type of environment. Six examples are presented which will teach the use of RGDL in the fastest, most complete way possible. Routines within the display library that are used to produce raster graphics are presented in alphabetical order, each on a separate page. Each user-callable routine is described by function and calling parameters. All common blocks that are used in the display library are listed and the use of each variable within each common block is discussed. A reference on the include files that are necessary to compile the display library is contained. Each include file and its purpose are listed. The link map for MOVIE.BYU version 6, a general purpose computer graphics display system that uses RGDL software, is also contained.

Grimsrud, Anders; Stephenson, Michael B.



Mathematical Graphic Organizers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a math-science partnership, a university mathematics educator and ten elementary school teachers developed a novel approach to mathematical problem solving derived from research on reading and writing pedagogy. Specifically, research indicates that students who use graphic organizers to arrange their ideas improve their comprehension…

Zollman, Alan



Development of computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to screen and evaluate three graphics packages as to their suitability for displaying concentration contour graphs. The information to be displayed is from computer code simulations describing air-born contaminant transport. The three evaluation programs were MONGO (John Tonry, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 02139), Mathematica (Wolfram Research Inc.), and NCSA Image (National Center for Supercomputing Applications




Graphic Life Map.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a prewriting activity for personal memoir or autobiographical writing. Grade 6-8 students brainstorm for important memories, create graphics or symbols for their most important memories, and construct a life map on tag board or construction paper, connecting drawings and captions of high and low points with a highway. During four 50-minute…

Schulze, Patricia


Graphics database creation and manipulation: HyperCard Graphics Database Toolkit and Apple Graphics Source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because graphic files can be stored in a number ofdifferent file formats, it has traditionally been difficult to create a graphics database from which users can open, copy, and print graphic files, where each file in the database may be in one ofseverai different formats. HyperCard Graphics Database Toolkit has been designed and written by Apple Computer to enable software developers to facilitate the creation of customized graphics databases. Using a database developed with the toolkit, users can open, copy, or print a graphic transparently, without having to know or understand the complexities of file formats. In addition, the toolkit includes a graphic user interface, graphic design, on-line help, and search algorithms that enable users to locate specific graphics quickly. Currently, the toolkit handles graphics in the formats MPNT, PICT, and EPSF, and is open to supporting other formats as well. Developers can use the toolkit to alter the code, the interface, and the graphic design in order to customize their database for the needs oftheir users. This paper discusses the structure ofthe toolkit and one implementation, Apple Graphics Source (AGS). AGS contains over 2,000 graphics used in Apple's books and manuals. AGS enables users to find existing graphics of Apple products and use them for presentations, new publications, papers, and software projects.

Herman, Jeffrey; Fry, David



enhancedGraphics: a Cytoscape app for enhanced node graphics  

PubMed Central

enhancedGraphics ( is a Cytoscape app that implements a series of enhanced charts and graphics that may be added to Cytoscape nodes. It enables users and other app developers to create pie, line, bar, and circle plots that are driven by columns in the Cytoscape Node Table. Charts are drawn using vector graphics to allow full-resolution scaling. PMID:25285206

Morris, John H.; Kuchinsky, Allan; Ferrin, Thomas E.; Pico, Alexander R.



Constructive picture description with Euclidean geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a novel approach to picture description called constructive picture description. In this approach, the points which specify pictures are defined through repetitive geometrical constructions, and the final image is drawn by referring to those points. This approach fulfills the requirements for picture description: easiness, intuitiveness, uniqueness, and less computation. In addition to that, to clarify the feature

Tsukasa Noma; Tosiyasu L. Kunii; Nami Kin; Hirohisa Enomoto; Emako Aso; Tetsushi Yamamoto



Graphic Design for Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology continues to radically change how we create and consume information. Today, news, reports, and other material are often delivered quickly through pictures, colors, or other eye-catching visual elements. Words still matter, but they may be tweeted, viewed on a smartphone, or placed in a call-out box in a report. The design of these items…

Regional Educational Laboratory, 2014



Big data bioinformatics.  


Recent technological advances allow for high throughput profiling of biological systems in a cost-efficient manner. The low cost of data generation is leading us to the "big data" era. The availability of big data provides unprecedented opportunities but also raises new challenges for data mining and analysis. In this review, we introduce key concepts in the analysis of big data, including both "machine learning" algorithms as well as "unsupervised" and "supervised" examples of each. We note packages for the R programming language that are available to perform machine learning analyses. In addition to programming based solutions, we review webservers that allow users with limited or no programming background to perform these analyses on large data compendia. PMID:24799088

Greene, Casey S; Tan, Jie; Ung, Matthew; Moore, Jason H; Cheng, Chao



Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  

SciTech Connect

Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don



Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  


Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don



Big6 and Dewey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we have been discussing the problem-solving model Big6. We have covered the first and second stages of the Big6 model. The first being Task Definition and the second Information Seeking Strategies. Using this Instructional Architect we will be learning about the third stage Location and Access. You will follow the instructions on the module below to become an expert at locating resources in the library using the Dewey Decimal System. CLASS OBJECTIVES By learning about the Dewey Decimal System and how to use it you will be able to locate resources in the library. This will help you access information. We will use the Utah core curriculum standard 3 and the Big6 stage 3 to learn about the Dewey ...

Mrs. C



Picture Postcards: Organizing a Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the kinds of contributions picture postcards can make to library or museum materials, particularly to historical files as documentation of certain aspects of history. Various methods for putting collections of cards in order are described, from general policies concerning use and disposal, to sorting, indexing, and housing. (Author)

Freyschlag, Elizabeth K.



Interframe coding of videotelephone pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television signals contain a great deal of frame-to-frame redundancy because picture areas are scanned in every frame whether they have changed or not. That portion of the signal describing stationary images need not be retransmitted in every frame if adequate memory is provided at the receiver. The signal describing moving images must be transmitted, of course, but it requires progressively

BARRY G. HASKELL; F. W. Mounts; J. C. Candy



The Trove: Australia in Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Picture Australia is a cross-collection search tool for finding images from the National Library of Australia and half a dozen other institutions: the National Archives; Australian War Memorial; State Libraries of Victoria, New South Wales, and Tasmania; and the University of Queensland. Librarians and database designers will be interested to know that the cross-collection searching is achieved by using harvested Dublin Core metadata stored in a central index at the National Library, while the digital images remain at their home institutions. Other users will simply be happy to find so many images of Australia, covering a diversity of topics, so easily. There are three ways to approach Picture Australia: picture search, a simple keyword search, or advanced search, which allows users to select and combine Dublin Core elements. In addition, users can follow "trails" to view images culled from all contributing collections, organized around themes, such as Australians and the Olympics (449 images of Olympic history since 1956), Australian Artists (230 portraits of Australian artists), Realia (all kinds of objects from Australian museums, from scrimshaw to costume), or Australian Wildflowers (botanical drawings, photographs, and a few botanists). Images1, the online pictorial collections of the National Library of Australia (reviewed in the October 15, 1999 Scout Report_), is one of the collections that is searched via Picture Australia.



E-print Network

IN TIMOR-LESTE FEATURES REGULARS #12;Origins is produced by Charles Darwin University's Office of Media from Robyn McDougall Published June 2012 Charles Darwin University, NTDARWIN SHADOWS IN THE PICTURE BRIGHT FUTURE AWAITS DESERT ROCKERS MYSTERIOUS MALE CLAIMS NURSERY


Computer manipulation of digitized pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

To an increasing degree, equipment is available which is capable of converting photographic information into machine readable form or converting computer files into a visual image more or less resembling a half-tone picture, thus rendering photographic and other pictorial information available as data for processing by digital computers. Three major directions of effort have ensued. Necessary utility routines have been

Nathaniel Macon; Maxine Kiefer



Hang Gliding Mosaic Picture Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hang Gliding Mosaic Picture Server is a new WWW server full of hang gliding and para gliding related material, including: a large collection of hang gliding photos, hang gliding movies, the hang gliding FAQ, archived issues of the hang gliding mailing list digest, programs related to hang gliding, links to other aviation servers and more.


Painting a Picture with Air  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Create a painting by blowing air out of a straw. Push liquid acrylic paint around on some watercolor paper by aiming short bursts of air onto the paint puddle. See what happens when you use different colors, and add thicker or more watery paint. Then, scan or take a digital picture of your artwork and post it to the Air Blown Gallery.



Graphics programming for the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

With HTML5 and ever-improving browser performance, the web has emerged as an ideal platform for showcasing graphics applications. Several graphics applications that were once too slow to be written in anything but native code may now be fast enough to run as web apps. This course for developers who want to develop graphics applications for the web introduces the concepts

Pushkar Joshi; Mikaël Bourges-Sévenier; Kenneth Russell; Zhenyao Mo



A Graphical Password Based System for Small Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

Passwords provide security mechanism for authentication and protection services against unwanted access to resources. A graphical based password is one promising alternatives of textual passwords. According to human psychology, humans are able to remember pictures easily. In this paper, we have proposed a new hybrid graphical password based system, which is a combination of recognition and recall based techniques that offers many advantages over the existing systems and may be more convenient for the user. Our scheme is resistant to shoulder surfing attack and many other attacks on graphical passwords. This scheme is proposed for smart mobile devices (like smart phones i.e. ipod, iphone, PDAs etc) which are more handy and convenient to use than traditional desktop computer systems.

Khan, Wazir Zada; Xiang, Yang



Big Data Research @ Integrated Media Systems Center  

E-print Network

1 Big Data Research @ Integrated Media Systems Center h-Immersion · Big Data Research @ IMSC · Closing Remarks #12;3 IMSC Background · One Vision: Geo-Immersion Real World #12;5 Why Big Data? Big Analy

Shahabi, Cyrus


Graphical amplitudes from SCET  

E-print Network

We discuss the relationship between the graphical amplitudes T, C, P, ... used to parameterize nonleptonic B decay amplitudes, and matrix elements of operators in the soft-collinear effective theory (SCET) at leading order in \\Lambda/m_b. Using the SU(3) flavor symmetry of the weak Hamiltonian we derive all-order constraints on the electroweak penguin contributions to the Wilson coefficients of SCET operators.

Christian W. Bauer; Dan Pirjol



Graphic Grown Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's no secret that children and YAs are clued in to graphic novels (GNs) and that comics-loving adults are positively giddy that this format is getting the recognition it deserves. Still, there is a whole swath of library card-carrying grown-up readers out there with no idea where to start. Splashy movies such as "300" and "Spider-Man" and their…

Kim, Ann



Space Spurred Computer Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dicomed Corporation was asked by NASA in the early 1970s to develop processing capabilities for recording images sent from Mars by Viking spacecraft. The company produced a film recorder which increased the intensity levels and the capability for color recording. This development led to a strong technology base resulting in sophisticated computer graphics equipment. Dicomed systems are used to record CAD (computer aided design) and CAM (computer aided manufacturing) equipment, to update maps and produce computer generated animation.



Big Wood River, Idaho  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Big Wood River flows through communities of the Wood River Valley of south-central Idaho. It is one of eight sites at which the USGS is conducting an ecological assessment during the summer of 2014. Study results will be published in 2015....



E-print Network


Auckland, University of


The Big Empty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "The Big Empty" or, the Great Basin. Suggests that it is not empty but rather a great ecosystem rich in plants, animals, and minerals. Presents information and activities to guide students in exploring the Great Basin in order to understand the ways in which such an arid and seemingly harsh environment can support so many living things.…

Brook, Richard; Smith, Shelley; Tisdale, Mary



Big Bang Science: Antimatter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Kingdom's Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) addresses the issue of why, if matter particles and their antimatter partners were created in equal amounts after the Big Bang, they did not eradicate each other. Visitors can learn about experiments taking place at many scientific research centers including CERN, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, and Fermilab.

Butt, Jane



E-print Network

, behavior, security, health, gender, ethics, humanities, or the social sciences. If you are interested of mentors. Our graduate students regularly publish their research, participate in conferences, and win major develop ideas for my dissertation project. ALOK WATVE, Doctoral Student, Computer Science #12;BIG FUTURE


The Big Sky inside  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Montana (UM)-Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor…

Adams, Earle; Ward, Tony J.; Vanek, Diana; Marra, Nancy; Hester, Carolyn; Knuth, Randy; Spangler, Todd; Jones, David; Henthorn, Melissa; Hammill, Brock; Smith, Paul; Salisbury, Rob; Reckin, Gene; Boulafentis, Johna



The big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Hubble's observation in 1929 that the galaxies are moving away from each other at a constant rate which increases uniformly with distance, the concept of a time when all the material of the universe was contained in a single cosmic 'egg' has held sway, i.e., the big bang. The amount of time which has passed since the primeval explosion

J. Schmid-Burgk; M. Scholz



Big Bang Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory which asserts that the universe originated a finite time ago by expanding from an infinitely compressed state. According to this model, space, time and matter originated together, and the universe has been expanding ever since. Key stages in the history of the Big Bang universe are summarized below....

P. Murdin



A Big Bang Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The February 2005 issue of The Science Teacher (TST) reminded everyone that by learning how scientists study stars, students gain an understanding of how science measures things that can not be set up in lab, either because they are too big, too far away, or happened in a very distant past. The authors of "How Far are the Stars?" show how the…

Scheider, Walter



Before the Big Bang  


The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose



A Sobering Big Idea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Susan Adler, Alberta Dougan, and Jesus Garcia like "big ideas," the author offers one to ponder: young people in this country can not read with comprehension. The saddest thing about this crisis is that it is no secret. The 2001 results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) for reading, published in every major newspaper,…

Wineburg, Sam



The big bang  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our universe was born billions of years ago in a hot, violent explosion of elementary particles and radiation - the big bang. What do we know about this ultimate moment of creation, and how do we know it? Drawing upon the latest theories and technology, this new edition of The big bang, is a sweeping, lucid account of the event that set the universe in motion. Joseph Silk begins his story with the first microseconds of the big bang, on through the evolution of stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, quasars, and into the distant future of our universe. He also explores the fascinating evidence for the big bang model and recounts the history of cosmological speculation. Revised and updated, this new edition features all the most recent astronomical advances, including: Photos and measurements from the Hubble Space Telescope, Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE), and Infrared Space Observatory; the latest estimates of the age of the universe; new ideas in string and superstring theory; recent experiments on neutrino detection; new theories about the presence of dark matter in galaxies; new developments in the theory of the formation and evolution of galaxies; the latest ideas about black holes, worm holes, quantum foam, and multiple universes.

Silk, Joseph


Build a Big Wheel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore how engineers have developed big wheels or Ferris wheels. Learners explore the history of wheels, their design, and develop their own wheel using pasta, glue, and optionally, teabags. Teams design their own wheels on paper, execute their plan, and evaluate the strategies employed.



The Big Fish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Killer Whale, Shamu jumps through hoops and splashes tourists in hopes for the big fish, not because of passion, desire or simply the enjoyment of doing so. What would happen if those fish were obsolete? Would this killer whale be able to find the passion to continue to entertain people? Or would Shamu find other exciting activities to do…

DeLisle, Rebecca; Hargis, Jace



Big Enough for Everyone?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK's coalition government wants to build a "Big Society." The Prime Minister says "we are all in this together" and building it is the responsibility of every citizen as well as every government department. The broad vision is welcome, but everything depends on how the vision is translated into policy and practice. The government aims to put…

Coote, Anna




Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Abdominal enlargements (big belly) occur for several reasons: when host tissues proliferate, when air bladders over-inflate, when fluids fill the body cavity, when egg production becomes much greater than normal, when the stomach becomes over-filled with food, and when invading organisms grow or mul...


Before the Big Bang  

SciTech Connect

The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose



Big-City Rules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to implementing innovative classroom technology programs, urban school districts face significant challenges stemming from their big-city status. These range from large bureaucracies, to scalability, to how to meet the needs of a more diverse group of students. Because of their size, urban districts tend to have greater distance…

Gordon, Dan



Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers and educators with an interest in climate change, and in particular in the recent 4th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change meetings in Buenos Aires, may find this collection of graphics and tables useful. Posted at the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP/GRID Arendal website (described in the June 24, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering), the data sources and summary procedures are described in the section entitled "Introduction and Explanation of Greenhouse Gas Graphics and Data." Graphs and tables show "the actual emissions of Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous oxide (N2O), and in some cases also emissions of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC's) and perfluorocarbons (PFC's) until 1995." Countries highlighted fall within Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Baltic States, North America, Asia-Pacific, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine. Also provided are several graphics of global climate predictions, potential sea level rise impacts, impacts on crop production, and trends in ice break-up dates.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.



Graphic engine resource management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern consumer-grade 3D graphic cards boast a computation/memory resource that can easily rival or even exceed that of standard desktop PCs. Although these cards are mainly designed for 3D gaming applications, their enormous computational power has attracted developers to port an increasing number of scientific computation programs to these cards, including matrix computation, collision detection, cryptography, database sorting, etc. As more and more applications run on 3D graphic cards, there is a need to allocate the computation/memory resource on these cards among the sharing applications more fairly and efficiently. In this paper, we describe the design, implementation and evaluation of a Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) scheduler based on Deficit Round Robin scheduling that successfully allocates to every process an equal share of the GPU time regardless of their demand. This scheduler, called GERM, estimates the execution time of each GPU command group based on dynamically collected statistics, and controls each process's GPU command production rate through its CPU scheduling priority. Measurements on the first GERM prototype show that this approach can keep the maximal GPU time consumption difference among concurrent GPU processes consistently below 5% for a variety of application mixes.

Bautin, Mikhail; Dwarakinath, Ashok; Chiueh, Tzi-cker



John Herschel's Graphical Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1833 John Herschel published an account of his graphical method for determining the orbits of double stars. He had hoped to be the first to determine such orbits, but Felix Savary in France and Johann Franz Encke in Germany beat him to the punch using analytical methods. Herschel was convinced, however, that his graphical method was much superior to analytical methods, because it used the judgment of the hand and eye to correct the inevitable errors of observation. Line graphs of the kind used by Herschel became common only in the 1830s, so Herschel was introducing a new method. He also found computation fatiguing and devised a "wheeled machine" to help him out. Encke was skeptical of Herschel's methods. He said that he lived for calculation and that the English would be better astronomers if they calculated more. It is difficult to believe that the entire Scientific Revolution of the 17th century took place without graphs and that only a few examples appeared in the 18th century. Herschel promoted the use of graphs, not only in astronomy, but also in the study of meteorology and terrestrial magnetism. Because he was the most prominent scientist in England, Herschel's advocacy greatly advanced graphical methods.

Hankins, Thomas L.



Semantic Interoperability for Big Data  

E-print Network

Semantic Interoperability for Big Data Ken Baclawski College of Computer and Information Science Northeastern University #12;August 11, 2014 2 Emergence of Big Data The phenomenon was studied in the early based on the information scarcity model. #12;August 11, 2014 3 Characteristics of Big Data Large

Baclawski, Kenneth B.



E-print Network

1 MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA TO SMART DATA: Using data to drive personalized brand January 22, 2014 ABSTRACT This white paper looks at Big Data from the marketing perspective, running DO WITH IT NEARLY EVERYONE IN MARKETING TODAY SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE CONCEPT OF BIG DATA

Chaudhuri, Surajit


PICTURE: a picture-drawing language for the TRIX\\/RED report editor. [For FORTRAN picture compiler code PCOMP  

Microsoft Academic Search

PICTURE is a set of commands for drawing diagrams that are to be plotted by REDPP. PICTURE commands may be included in TRIX\\/RED source files or may be separately compiled and displayed by REDPP. The PICTURE\\/REDPP system is also useful for constructing slides, viewgraphs, and movie titles. The program PCOMP (which translates PICTURE statements into REDPP commands), the TRIX\\/RED report




PICTURE: a picture-drawing language for the TRIX\\/RED report editor. [PCOMP translates picture statements into REDPP commands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Picture is a set of commands for drawing diagrams that are to be plotted by REDPP. Picture commands may be included in TRIX\\/RED source files or may be separately compiled and displayed by REDPP. The Picture\\/REDPP system is also useful for constructing slides, viewgraphs, and movie titles. The program PCOMP (which translates Picture statements into REDPP commands), the TRIX\\/RED report




Modular interactive graphics programming environment  

SciTech Connect

The currently popular device independent graphics packages, such as the SIGGRAPH core System or the Graphical Kernel system, do not support a number of capabilities routinely available in general purpose programming languages. As a result, high performance interactive hardware is not well served, and sophisticated applications are more difficult to reliably program than they should be. In general purpose programming languages, the absence of data types, modularity and parameters would not be tolerated. Yet in preparing tools for programming interactive graphics systems, such capabilities are routinely omitted. This research explores the potential for a modular graphics environment (MGE), proposes one such structure, and demonstrates the feasibility of the MGE. The MGE is a device independent set of structures which is coupled with the capability of a graphics package like the SIGGRAPH Core System would provide the graphics programmer a more complete set of programming tools than currently exists. The added capabilities include: graphical data types, graphics procedures, parameters to graphics procedures, and an interactive librarian. The research is primarily concerned with the potential for such an approach on interactive graphics programming involving dynamic manipulation of images.

Dellenback, S.W.



Compilation and R-matrix analysis of Big Bang nuclear reaction rates  

E-print Network

We use the R-matrix theory to fit low-energy data on nuclear reactions involved in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. A special attention is paid to the rate uncertainties which are evaluated on statistical grounds. We provide S factors and reaction rates in tabular and graphical formats.

Pierre Descouvemont; Abderrahim Adahchour; Carmen Angulo; Alain Coc; Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam



Wolfram Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wolfram Research, creators of Mathematica software (see also NSDL Report for Math, Engineering, and Technology, July 16, 2004), have posted this gallery of images that demonstrate how Mathematica has opened the door to a new kind of imagery that melds art and science. The colorful images in the gallery, created by Mathematica users around the world, are grouped by type: 2D Graphics, Polyhedra, Surfaces, and Animations. High resolutions images are available upon request, and in some cases there is an option to order a poster.



Wolfram Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wolfram Research, creators of Mathematica software (see also NSDL Report for Math, Engineering, and Technology, July 16, 2004), have posted this gallery of images that demonstrate how "Mathematica has opened the door to a new kind of imagery that melds art and science." The colorful images in the gallery, created by Mathematica users around the world, are grouped by type: 2D Graphics, Polyhedra, Surfaces, and Animations. High resolutions images are available upon request, and in some cases there is an option to order a poster.


Graphical Locater Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Daniel Goodman of the Montana State University Environmental Statistics Group designed the Graphical Locator Home Web site as an aid for acquiring and refining location data and related measures. Visitors will find several helpful geographical resources including a township-range-section converter, UTM converter, and a degrees-minutes-seconds converter. Although the tools do not necessarily cover all of the world or even the US, those able to utilize these easy-to-use devices should find them helpful. The site also offers several online interactive US and state maps, links, and much more.

Goodman, Daniel


Before the Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This radio broadcast explores the cosmological hypothesis known as the cyclical universe, put forward by Neil Turok and Paul Steinhardt. In a cyclical universe, the Big Bang was not the beginning of time and space but merely a cataclysmic event - one of perhaps millions - that takes place from time to time in our universe. The broadcast describes how higher-dimensional, infinitely large parallel sheets called branes could collide together to produce a big bang; how inflation theory solves the puzzle of how the universe is uniform and homogeneous but conflicts with the cyclical universe theory; and how a satellite experiment that will observe patterns in gravity waves may determine whether the predictions of the cyclical universe theory or inflation theory are right. The broadcast is 30 minutes in length.


The Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Microwaves, cosmology, and the Big Bang are just some of the topics covered by this well-thought out set of educational materials created by the dedicated staff at the Open University's OpenLearn program. This particular educational unit includes eight primary sections, including "Distances of galaxies", "Introducing cosmology", and "The primordial nuclear abundances". Visitors can log in to keep track of their progress within each unit, and they can also offer their own review of the materials offered on the site. Each section comes complete with graphs, photographs, artistic renderings, and illustrations that complement the written text quite nicely. Interested parties can also choose to view the materials in different formats, including as an RSS feed, print-ready documents, and so on. Overall, the site offers great insight into the world of the Big Bang for a more casual audience.


Big3. Editorial  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To provide an editorial introduction into the 2014 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics with an overview of the content, the new publishing scheme, and upcoming 25th anniversary. Methods A brief overview of the 2014 special topic, Big Data - Smart Health Strategies, and an outline of the novel publishing model is provided in conjunction with a call for proposals to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Yearbook. Results ‘Big Data’ has become the latest buzzword in informatics and promise new approaches and interventions that can improve health, well-being, and quality of life. This edition of the Yearbook acknowledges the fact that we just started to explore the opportunities that ‘Big Data’ will bring. However, it will become apparent to the reader that its pervasive nature has invaded all aspects of biomedical informatics – some to a higher degree than others. It was our goal to provide a comprehensive view at the state of ‘Big Data’ today, explore its strengths and weaknesses, as well as its risks, discuss emerging trends, tools, and applications, and stimulate the development of the field through the aggregation of excellent survey papers and working group contributions to the topic. Conclusions For the first time in history will the IMIA Yearbook be published in an open access online format allowing a broader readership especially in resource poor countries. For the first time, thanks to the online format, will the IMIA Yearbook be published twice in the year, with two different tracks of papers. We anticipate that the important role of the IMIA yearbook will further increase with these changes just in time for its 25th anniversary in 2016. PMID:24853037

Lehmann, Christoph U.; Séroussi, Brigitte; Jaulent, Marie-Christine



The Big Dig  

NSDL National Science Digital Library is a "knowledge portal specially designed for civil engineering professionals and students" and their Project Watch page provides a general overview and some basic information, such as the cost and timeline, for the "Big Dig" in Massachusetts. Links to the official web site, informational pages by PBS and the History Channel, various news outlet articles, and books grace this page.


The Next Big Idea  

PubMed Central

Abstract George S. Eisenbarth will remain in our memories as a brilliant scientist and great collaborator. His quest to discover the cause and prevention of type 1 (autoimmune) diabetes started from building predictive models based on immunogenetic markers. Despite his tremendous contributions to our understanding of the natural history of pre-type 1 diabetes and potential mechanisms, George left us with several big questions to answer before his quest is completed. PMID:23786296



Software evolution and the moving picture metaphor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software systems evolve over time. Currently we do not do a good job of documenting this evolution. This essay discusses the need to better document software evolution and introduces the Moving Picture Metaphor. Source Control Management systems are more like collections of still photographs than moving pictures. Still photography is not ideal when trying to capture evolutional changes. Moving pictures

Mark Mahoney



The Role of Decorative Pictures in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments with students from 7th and 8th grade were performed to investigate the effects of decorative pictures in learning as compared to instructional pictures. Pictures were considered as instructional, when they were primarily informative, and as decorative, when they were primarily aesthetically appealing. The experiments…

Lenzner, Alwine; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Müller, Andreas



Creative Writing through Wordless Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The creative writing program described in this lesson exposes middle school student to wordless picture books and helps them to develop story lines orally and in writing. During the four 45-minute lessons, students will: explore various wordless picture books; develop oral story lines for wordless picture books; develop written story lines for…

Henry, Laurie


Text-to-Picture Synthesis Xiaojin Zhu  

E-print Network

(LTI seminar) Text-to-Picture Synthesis 7 / 46 #12;Prior work 1: "Writing with Symbols" Rebus symbols ( Writing with Symbols ( (LTI seminar) Text-to-Picture Synthesis 8Text-to-Picture Synthesis Xiaojin Zhu Department of Computer Sciences University of Wisconsin

Zhu, Xiaojin "Jerry"


Pattern Perception and Pictures for the Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recent research on perception of tangible pictures in sighted and blind people. Haptic picture naming accuracy is dependent upon familiarity and access to semantic memory, just as in visual recognition. Performance is high when haptic picture recognition tasks do not depend upon semantic memory. Viewpoint matters for the ease…

Heller, Morton A.; McCarthy, Melissa; Clark, Ashley



Hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors have designed and produced a hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book" as teaching material in astronomy, and demonstrated it at a public event, The Geo-Carnival for Children, held in Osaka in 2007. The aim of this picture book is to introduce the cosmos to children. This picture book was also used in the university class.

Sumitomo, Naoko; Shibata, Takeru; Mizoguchi, Saori; Nishiyama, Shinji; Fukue, Jun



Control point measurements on Mariner 9 pictures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements are given of the control points on the Mariner 9 pictures which were used in the computation of the June 1973 control net of Mars. The method of making the measurements is discussed along with the picture coordinate system and the removal of distortions. Table are presented of the 9804 measurements of 1645 points on 660 pictures.

Davies, M. E.



Graphical programming of telerobotic tasks  

SciTech Connect

With a goal of producing faster, safer, and cheaper technologies for nuclear waste cleanup, Sandia is actively developing and extending intelligent systems technologies through the US Department of Energy Office of Technology Development (DOE OTD) Robotic Technology Development Program (RTDP). Graphical programming is a key technology for robotic waste cleanup that Sandia is developing for this goal. Graphical programming uses simulation such as TELEGRIP `on-line` to program and control robots. Characterized by its model-based control architecture, integrated simulation, `point-and-click` graphical user interfaces, task and path planning software, and network communications, Sandia`s Graphical Programming systems allow operators to focus on high-level robotic tasks rather than the low-level details. Use of scripted tasks, rather than customized programs minimizes the necessity of recompiling supervisory control systems and enhances flexibility. Rapid world-modelling technologies allow Graphical Programming to be used in dynamic and unpredictable environments including digging and pipe-cutting. This paper describes Sancho, Sandia`s most advanced graphical programming supervisory software. Sancho, now operational on several robot systems, incorporates all of Sandia`s recent advances in supervisory control. Graphical programming uses 3-D graphics models as intuitive operator interfaces to program and control complex robotic systems. The goal of the paper is to help the reader understand how Sandia implements graphical programming systems and which key features in Sancho have proven to be most effective.

Small, D.E.; McDonald, M.J.



Evaluating Texts for Graphical Literacy Instruction: The Graphic Rating Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…

Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.



Cascaded processing in written naming: Evidence from the picture–picture interference paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a “ball” superimposed on a picture of a “bed”). In Experiment 2, the related condition consisted of

Sébastien Roux; Patrick Bonin



Cascaded processing in written naming: Evidence from the picture–picture interference paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a “ball” superimposed on a picture of a “bed”). In Experiment 2, the related condition consisted of

Sébastien Roux; Patrick Bonin



Cascaded Processing in Written Naming: Evidence from the Picture-Picture Interference Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a "ball" superimposed on a picture of a "bed").…

Roux, Sebastien; Bonin, Patrick



Towards Identifying Usability and Security Features of Graphical Password in Knowledge Based Authentication Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text-based passwords are ubiquitous authentication system. This traditional authentication system is well- known for its flaws in the aspects of usability and security issues that bring problems to users. Hence, there is a need for alternative mechanism to overcome these problems. Graphical passwords, which consist of clicking or dragging activities on the pictures rather than typing textual characters, might be

Muhammad Daniel Hafiz Abdullah; Abdul Hanan Abdullah; Norafida Ithnin; Hazinah Kutty Mammi



Graphical Locator Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This graphical locator makes it possible to find location data about places in the northwest quarter of the Earth. Most of the locations in this database are in the United States, but a limited number exist for Canada and Mexico. Users may choose maps by state, click directly on U.S. and hydrologic (HUC) maps, or enter latitude and longitude, township range and section, or a UTM. Data includes latitude, longitude, gradient, elevation, UTM (Universal Time) zone, legal name, state and county, topographic map names of the area and nearby named locations. Custom maps may be created by using coordinates and choosing features to display, such as roads or streams. Zooming brings the view to within two kilometers of the site entered.

Daniel Gustafson




NSDL National Science Digital Library

AutoGraphicsHTML, published by the fCoder Group International, is a nice little tool that offers a small but useful service. This utility takes a directory of images and converts them to a browseable, HTML-ized image archive complete with clickable thumbnails of the images. The HTML conversion can be performed using a selection of styles for your archive and requires little user input. The automatically generated files can be hand-edited if so desired and automatically uploaded via FTP to a web site. For novices with a collection they want to share or those who need to perform frequent thumbnailing, this utility is quite useful. AutoGrahpicsHTML is available for Win95/98/NT and is free to try for 15 days after which time it can be purchased for a slightly overpriced $29.


Research with the Big 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Big 6 is simply a name given to the process of research! 6 easy steps! You will need to turn in a paper when you finish this assignment. Start by putting your name and hour on the top of your paper. Now look at the following web site. Then on your paper, give your own definition for The Big 6. What is Big 6 Now take a closer look ...

Mrs. Griffiths



The Big Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth and Space science include many specific facts, theories, and questions, but among these, scientists and educators have identified a certain small set as the "big ideas" that organize the intellectual domain. This project is a synthesis of these statements into a single, compact, and defensible list, identifying the major ideas in Earth and space science that are important for investigation by students. The list of 25 concepts is divided in to seven topic areas: the Earth System, the Geosphere, the Atmosphere, the Hydrosphere, the Biosphere, Space Science, and the Nature of Earth Science. An extensive list of links is provided to teaching resources that address the 25 items on the list.


Big Time Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity (on pages 16-21), learners get a sense of geological time by understanding how big a million is. Part One of the activity is the "Million Appreciation Lesson," which puts a million seconds, names in a phone book, and hiked steps into more familiar units. Part Two is "Investigating All Time," where learners make a time line for the history of the Earth using the length of their own arm to represent the total 4.5 billion year long scale. They mark major time zones, such as the age of the dinosaurs, at appropriate lengths along the time line.

University of Nebraska State Museum



The Big Wet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan is part of the lesson plan library for grades 6-8. It focuses on a particular climate found in Northern Australia, known as the tropical wet and dry. This lesson goes over the 12 categories of climates, and looks at the specifics of the 'big wet', or tropical wet and dry climate. It includes objectives, materials, procedures, discussion questions, evaluation ideas, performing extensions, suggested readings, and vocabulary. There are videos available to order which complement this lesson, audio vocabulary, and links to teaching tools for making custom quizzes, worksheets, puzzles and lesson plans.


Big Bang Science Fiction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students create a fictional narrative on the beginning of time. They use their scientific knowledge of the Big Bang Theory and go back into time to when it occurred so they can make observations about it. Students can select from four options for creating a final product that demonstrates their learning using the RAFT (Role, Audience, Format, and Topic) method. This lesson is from the Cosmic Times teachers guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1955 Cosmic Times poster.



Big Bend National Park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the National Park Service's homepage for Big Bend National Park. It features links to information on the park's three major environments (mountain, desert, and river) and information on the park's wildlife, geology, and historic and cultural information. The nature and science section has information on the park's animals, plants, ecosystems, and environment. The educational page for teachers includes field trip planning materials, curriculum materials, and professional development information. A kids' page has links to activities, games, and puzzles. There are also links to a photo/multimedia gallery and to news articles.


The Big Mo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Momentum is not only a physical principle; it is a psychological phenomenon. Students learn how the "Big Mo" of the bandwagon effect contributes to the development of fads and manias, and how modern technology and mass media accelerate and intensify the effect. Students develop media literacy and critical thinking skills to analyze trends and determine the extent to which their decisions may be influenced by those who manipulate a few opinion leaders. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world — concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia, momentum, friction, stress and tension.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,


Kinesthetic Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will model the time after the Big Bang when the first nuclei of hydrogen and helium were created. The students will move and display cards that show the elements that are formed. This activity requires a large area - e.g., an outside location, a large classroom with seats moved back, or a gym. This activity is part of the "What is Your Cosmic Connection to the Elements" activity and information booklet. The booklet includes teacher notes and instructions as well as follow-up questions.


The Big Sky Inside  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Montana (UM)--Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor air quality and respiratory health outcomes by teaching students chemical, physical, and health concepts in the classroom setting. In addition to designing controlled experiments, students are guided through the process for conducting independent research projects to explore a real-world issue in their communities.

Brock Hammill



Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN  

E-print Network

Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Computer Graphics Leif Kobbelt Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Public Perception of CG · Games · Movies Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Computer Graphics Research · fundamental algorithms & data structures - continuous & discrete mathematics

Kobbelt, Leif


Guide to Graphics at ANL. Rev  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guide to Graphics at ANL is a general reference guide to doing graphics at Argonne. It should be used along with documents which describe the use of specific graphics software or operating systems. Guide to Graphics at ANL describes the current graphics environment at Argonne National Laboratory, including the hardware, the software, and the procedures needed to write and run

R. M. Bertrand; B. R. Hack; D. M. Malon



Graphic arts techniques and equipment: A compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology utilization of NASA sponsored projects involving graphic arts techniques and equipment is discussed. The subjects considered are: (1) modification to graphics tools, (1) new graphics tools, (3) visual aids for graphics, and (4) graphic arts shop hints. Photographs and diagrams are included to support the written material.



Oklahoma's Mobile Computer Graphics Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Computer Graphics Laboratory houses an IBM 1130 computer, U.C.C. plotter, printer, card reader, two key punch machines, and seminar-type classroom furniture. A "General Drafting Graphics System" (GDGS) is used, based on repetitive use of basic coordinate and plot generating commands. The system is used by 12 institutions of higher education…

McClain, Gerald R.


Graphical animation of behavior models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphical animation is a way of visualizing the behavior of design models. This visualization is of use in validating a design model against informally specified requirements and in interpreting the meaning and significance of analysis results in relation to the problem domain. In this paper we describe how behavior models specified by Labeled Transition Systems (LTS) can drive graphical animations.

Jeff Magee; Nat Pryce; Dimitra Giannakopoulou; Jeff Kramer



3D Graphics Acceleration Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some aspects of the design methodologies and techniques that are being used in the OMI GraphMem project. One of the aims of the project has been to investigate 3D graphics accelerator architectures and graphics algorithms. The environment for rapidly prototyping algorithms and the subsequent development of VHDL based designs is described. VHDL has become an important language

P. F. Lister; M. C. Bassett; N. Ford; I. Stamoulis; S. McCann; P. L. Watten



E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section A ­ Java 1 - Introduction 2 - Installation & First Programs 3 - GUI: Layout Managers 9 - GUI: JMenu Gary Hill December 2003 Java 1 of 1 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING 1, sample applications, and support for Java standards. Get started quickly using the included tutorials

Hill, Gary


Computer Graphic Aided Music Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project to unite visual and audio compositions for simultaneous presentation in multi-media performances. Using a high-level graphics programing language, an applications program was written to the specifications of the composer. Description of the design system and graphics program include discussion of some of the difficulties…

Goldberg, Theo; Schrack, Guenther F.



Call for Papers Web Graphics  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Web Graphics Special Issue of IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications Guest Editors a migration of traditional applications to run on the Web environment and a growing demand for more powerful web-based applications. Fused by the increasing availability and dramatic reduction in the cost of 3D

Lau, W. H. Nynson


Quantum fields in a big-crunch-big-bang spacetime  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider quantum field theory on a spacetime representing the big-crunch-big-bang transition postulated in ekpyrotic or cyclic cosmologies. We show via several independent methods that an essentially unique matching rule holds connecting the incoming state, in which a single extra dimension shrinks to zero, to the outgoing state in which it reexpands at the same rate. For free fields in

Andrew J. Tolley; Neil Turok



From big bang to big crunch and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study a quotient Conformal Field Theory, which describes a 3+1 dimensional cosmological spacetime. Part of this spacetime is the Nappi-Witten (NW) universe, which starts at a ``big bang'' singularity, expands and then contracts to a ``big crunch'' singularity at a finite time. The gauged WZW model contains a number of copies of the NW spacetime, with each copy connected

Shmuel Elitzur; Amit Giveon; David Kutasov; Eliezer Rabinovici



The Big6 Process  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webquest is designed to introduce students to the stages of the Big6 process. The ideal age group for this webquest would be the middle grades (7-9). The teacher will need to take students to the library media center and assist students in opening the page. Distribute the accompanying handout to students and provide assistance as they go through the process. This lesson will probably take two class periods to complete. The following elements of the Utah Library Media Core Curriculum will be addressed in this lesson: -- Standard 1: Students will define a task and identify information needed. -- Standard 2: Students will identify, evaluate, and select resources. -- Standard 3: Students will locate resources and access information within resources. -- Standard 4: Students will engage and extract information. -- Standard 5: Students will organize, synthesize, and present information. -- Standard 6: Students will evaluate the process and the product. THE BIG6 Every day we face many choices. In order to make the best choice possible, we must solve what is called an "information problem." In other words, we must go through a process in which we consider the various alternatives and select the one we think will be ...

Ms. Sinclair



Raster graphics extensions to the core system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conceptual model of raster graphics systems was developed. The model integrates core-like graphics package concepts with contemporary raster display architectures. The conceptual model of raster graphics introduces multiple pixel matrices with associated index tables.

Foley, J. D.



Big6 Winter Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Goals: a. Students will be able to identify the four seasons. b. Students will be able to identify three animals (bear, goose, moose) and know their lifestyle patterns in congruence with the four seasons, especially Winter months. c. Students will develop an understanding of their environment. 2nd Grade Standard III: Students will develop an understanding of their environment Objective 2: Observe and describe weather Goal C: Describe how weather affects people and weather Lesson Objectives: a. Identify the seasons and represent each with pictures and songs. b. Observe and describe typical weather for each of ...

Mrs. Cook



Think Big, Bigger ... and Smaller  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One important principle of social psychology, writes Nisbett, is that some big-seeming interventions have little or no effect. This article discusses a number of cases from the field of education that confirm this principle. For example, Head Start seems like a big intervention, but research has indicated that its effects on academic achievement…

Nisbett, Richard E.



Big, Fat World of Lipids  


... The Big, Fat World of Lipids Inside Life Science View All Articles | Inside Life Science Home Page The Big, Fat World of Lipids ... Fats Do in the Body? This Inside Life Science article also appears on LiveScience . Learn about related ...


The International Big History Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IBHA, the International Big History Association, was organized in 2010 and "promotes the unified, interdisciplinary study and teaching of history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life, and Humanity." This is the vision that Montessori embraced long before the discoveries of modern science fleshed out the story of the evolving universe. "Big History" is a…

Duffy, Michael; Duffy, D'Neil



The Big Read: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Big Read evaluation included a series of 35 case studies designed to gather more in-depth information on the program's implementation and impact. The case studies gave readers a valuable first-hand look at The Big Read in context. Both formal and informal interviews, focus groups, attendance at a wide range of events--all showed how…

National Endowment for the Arts, 2009



How Different is Big Data?  

Microsoft Academic Search

One buzzword that has been popular in the last couple of years is Big Data. In simplest terms, Big Data symbolizes the aspiration to build platforms and tools to ingest, store and analyze data that can be voluminous, diverse, and possibly fast changing. In this talk, I will try to reflect on a few of the technical problems presented by

Surajit Chaudhuri



Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

E-print Network

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the "boundaries" of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point $x$. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to $x$ and possibly of the light cone of $x$. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from "the end of previous aeon" of the expanding and cooling Universe to the "beginning of the next aeon" is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Yuri I. Manin; Matilde Marcolli



Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the ''boundaries'' of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point x. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to x and possibly of the light cone of x. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from ''the end of previous aeon'' of the expanding and cooling Universe to the ''beginning of the next aeon'' is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Manin, Yuri I.; Marcolli, Matilde



Pictures and words in visual search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ss in three experiments searched through an array of pictures or words for a target item that had been presented as a picture\\u000a or a word. In Experiments I and II, the pictures were line drawings of familiar objects and the words were their printed labels;\\u000a in Experiment III, the stimuli were photographs of the faces of famous people and

Allan Paivio; Ian Begg



Historical Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by historian Jim Zwick, this Website features extensive collections of US political cartoons, photographs, and advertising from the 19th and early decades of the 20th century. The site includes a thorough discussion, augmented by full-scale images of illustrations, of the origins of political cartooning in the early nineteenth century from its genesis to a force in the eventual defeat of the Boss Tweed machine to editorial illustrations commenting on Theodore Roosevelt, Uncle Sam, and the Women's suffrage movement. There are also sections here on the political art of Dan Beard -- a nineteenth-century illustrator and founder of the Boy Scouts, advertisements from the Spanish-American & Philippine-American Wars, and collections of photographs from these two wars as well as images of atrocities in the Congo, publicized by the Congo Reform Association in their campaign against King Leopold's rule of the Congo Free State. Most images can be examined in medium or large sizes, with options for zooming in and scanning the images. The accompanying written history of these images is also considerable and well-informed. Zwick has written extensively about the age of imperialism in America in both scholarly and popular venues. Note: Because of the number of graphic files on this site, many Mac users may need to make more memory available for their browser when visiting it.


COMP 365 Computer Graphics Spring 2014 COMP 365 Computer Graphics  

E-print Network

, surfaces, lighting, shading, texturing, animation, and on and on. This course covers the basics along of style. #12;COMP 365 Computer Graphics Spring 2014 Grading: There will be a midterm and a final exam

Gousie, Michael B.


Optimized Laplacian image sharpening algorithm based on graphic processing unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In classical Laplacian image sharpening, all pixels are processed one by one, which leads to large amount of computation. Traditional Laplacian sharpening processed on CPU is considerably time-consuming especially for those large pictures. In this paper, we propose a parallel implementation of Laplacian sharpening based on Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), which is a computing platform of Graphic Processing Units (GPU), and analyze the impact of picture size on performance and the relationship between the processing time of between data transfer time and parallel computing time. Further, according to different features of different memory, an improved scheme of our method is developed, which exploits shared memory in GPU instead of global memory and further increases the efficiency. Experimental results prove that two novel algorithms outperform traditional consequentially method based on OpenCV in the aspect of computing speed.

Ma, Tinghuai; Li, Lu; Ji, Sai; Wang, Xin; Tian, Yuan; Al-Dhelaan, Abdullah; Al-Rodhaan, Mznah



Graphics Software For VT Terminals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

VTGRAPH graphics software tool for DEC/VT computer terminal or terminals compatible with it, widely used by government and industry. Callable in FORTRAN or C language, library program enabling user to cope with many computer environments in which VT terminals used for window management and graphic systems. Provides PLOT10-like package plus color or shade capability for VT240, VT241, and VT300 terminals. User can easily design more-friendly user-interface programs and design PLOT10 programs on VT terminals with different computer systems. Requires ReGis graphics set terminal and FORTRAN compiler.

Wang, Caroline



Big Dig Archeology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Boston Museum of Science comes the Big Dig Archeology educational Web site. Visitors get a chance to explore Spectacle Island, an archaeological site just offshore from the City of Boston. They begin by learning about the site itself, what it looked like, what tools the Native Americans used, what food they ate, and other physical and natural histories of the island. A wide range of descriptions and photographs are available, as well as several interesting QuickTime movies of the island's early history, its recent history, and a description of the excavation from an actual archaeologist. The well-designed site does a good job of providing non-technical descriptions and enough multimedia content to make it enjoyable for kids of all ages.


Big Box Reuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By now, the story is a familiar one, particularly for small towns and various exurban areas: A major retailer constructs what is referred to as a "big box" commercial building, and subsequently closes up shop several years later. While there is often a great public hue and cry over the construction of such buildings, few people have looked into what happens to these structures after they are abandoned. Julia Christensen (a MFA student at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) has stepped into the fray to help answer that question. With the use of an interactive map of the United States, visitors can view the transformation of such structures from major retail outlets into flea markets, churches, apartments, and a host of other uses. For each site, Christensen has also included photographs of how the building has been reused and adapted, adding a nice dimension to her work. Planners, architectural pundits, and others will find plenty to keep themselves busy within this intriguing site.


Big-bounce genesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the possibility of using dark matter particle's mass and its interaction cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a big bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the pre-bounce contraction and the post-bounce expansion epochs of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance of our present universe, in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter with a smaller cross section—as compared to the prediction of standard cosmology—is produced and the information about the bounce universe evolution is preserved by the out-of-thermal-equilibrium process. Once the value of dark matter mass and interaction cross section are obtained by direct detection in laboratories, this alternative route becomes a signature prediction of the bounce universe scenario.

Li, Changhong; Brandenberger, Robert H.; Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.



Graphic Poetry: How to Help Students Get the Most out of Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to give an account of some innovative work in paintings and modern poetry and to show how modern poets, such as Jane Flanders and Anne Sexton, the two American poets in particular, express and develop radically new conventions for their respective arts. Also elaborated are how such changes in artistic techniques are related to…

Chiang, River Ya-ling



Big bang and big crunch in matrix string theory  

SciTech Connect

Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null cosmologies with a big bang in terms of matrix string theory put forward by Craps, Sethi, and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a universe including both big bang and big crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using matrix string theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed universe.

Bedford, J.; Ward, J. [Centre for Research in String Theory, Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, CERN-Theory Division, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Papageorgakis, C. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Rodriguez-Gomez, D. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544 (United States)



Domain and Range--Graphically!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demo is designed to help students use graphical representations of functions to determine the domain and range. A set of interactive Excel spreadsheets and animations are included and can be downloaded.

Roberts, Lila F.


Graphic Calculators: An Interpretive Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a Vygotskian approach to learning with an emphasis on mediated activity within a particular socio-historical context. Addresses the relationship between mathematical learner and different sign systems (multiple representations) afforded by the graphic calculator. Contains 32 references. (ASK)

Berger, Margot



Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines  

E-print Network

We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar


Graphic design of pinhole cameras  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes a graphic technique for the analysis and optimization of pinhole size and focal length. The technique is based on the use of the transfer function of optical elements described by Scott (1959) to construct the transfer function of a circular pinhole camera. This transfer function is the response of a component or system to a pattern of lines having a sinusoidally varying radiance at varying spatial frequencies. Some specific examples of graphic design are presented.

Edwards, H. B.; Chu, W. P.



Graphical Approach to Endoreversible Thermodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A graphical method has been proposed to analyze the performance of endoreversible Curzon-Ahlborn heat engine in which the internal reversible part, Carnot heat engine, is coupled to the external world through irreversible heat conductors. The method allows an intuitive grasp of essential features of the process without recourse to tedious mathematical procedures, and makes it possible to find the optimized operating condition not by analytical differentiation but through elementary graphical considerations.

Yajima, Yusuke


APSRS state-base graphics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

U.S. Geological Survey



Semantic classification of pictures and words.  


We provide new behavioural norms for semantic classification of pictures and words. The picture stimuli are 288 black and white line drawings from the International Picture Naming Project ([Székely, A., Jacobsen, T., D'Amico, S., Devescovi, A., Andonova, E., Herron, D., et al. (2004). A new on-line resource for psycholinguistic studies. Journal of Memory & Language, 51, 247-250]). We presented these pictures for classification in a living/nonliving decision, and in a separate version of the task presented the corresponding word labels for classification. We analyzed behavioural responses to a subset of the stimuli in order to explore questions about semantic processing. We found multiple semantic richness effects for both picture and word classification. Further, while lexical-level factors were related to semantic classification of words, they were not related to semantic classification of pictures. We argue that these results are consistent with privileged semantic access for pictures, and point to ways in which these data could be used to address other questions about picture processing and semantic memory. PMID:25403693

Taikh, Alex; Hargreaves, Ian S; Yap, Melvin J; Pexman, Penny M



Today's Date Student Organization Picture Request  

E-print Network

as OrganizationName_1, OrganizationName_2, etc.) A complete application must be emailed or printed (if printingToday's Date Student Organization Picture Request Organization Information Organization Submitting pictures of student organizations in our meeting rooms. All student organizations are invited to submit

Alpay, S. Pamir


Picture Books and the Art of Collage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how teachers can use picture book illustrations to teach children the art of collage. Focuses on three children's picture books and offers art activities showcasing three collage techniques: (1) cut and torn paper collage; (2) photomontage; and (3) texture collages and collage constructions. Relates each activity to the National Standards…

Prudhoe, Catherine M.



Picture Chunking Effects in Concept Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-three second graders participated in a study to discover the value of teaching concepts using picture attribute chunking (PAC). It was hypothesized that PAC would yield superior concept learning performances compared to a picture attribute list (PAL) treatment and a word-alone treatment. The children, selected on the basis of a pretest that…

Furukawa, James M.; Sunshine, Phyllis M.


Musicality in the Language of Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of picture books who write especially melodic language are doing more than simply offering up work that is pleasing to the ear. They are accessing more of the whole child. In this article five picture books will be discussed for their musical attributes: "Now One Foot, Now the Other", by Tomie dePaola, "The Cat in the Hat", by Dr.…

Heald, Robin



77 FR 25082 - Picture Permit Imprint Indicia  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...legally actionable; (4) compete with a Postal Service product or service; or (5) promote alcohol, tobacco, weapons, or gambling. f. A picture permit imprint indicia (5.4) may not be used on reply mail pieces. 5.4.4 Application A Picture...



Painting a Data-Rich Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data for school reform is like painting a series of pictures--pictures that are subtle and capture the nuances of the subject. This is a far cry from drawing stick figures or paint-by-numbers. Imagine the experiences of the French painter Claude Monet as he wandered through his garden at Giverny at different times of the day and year,…

Earl, Lorna; Katz, Steven



Aristotle on Pictures of Ignoble Animals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the "Poetics" is a widely read, accessible classic, the author points to a minor flaw of some interest. In a well-known passage early in the "Poetics," Aristotle is in error about pictures. The matter is significant to both the theory of pictures and to Aristotle scholarship. The author sets out Aristotle's position as follows: (1) It…

Socher, David



Multiethnic Children Portrayed in Children's Picture Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The portrayal of multiethnic children in picture books provides a unique opportunity for social workers, other helping professionals, and parents to work more effectively with a population of preschool multiethnic children. Twenty-two picture books portraying multiethnic children and their families are identified and evaluated. Their relevance for social work practice with children and families is discussed.

Erin Michelle Cole; Deborah P. Valentine



A syntax directed approach to picture semantics  

Microsoft Academic Search

If one constructs a visual language, it is necessary to have a methodology for constructing the relationship between aspects of the pictures and the corresponding aspects of the application domain. The various methods for specifying Visual Languages emphasize computational aspects, where the semantics of the picture is embedded in the computational setting of the specification, but they are not based

D. Wang; H. Zeevat



Teaching students with autism to read pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the use of teaching three students with autism how to comprehend pictures. Students were elementary-aged, did not speak, and needed communication training. Students were provided systematic visual literacy instruction. Visual literacy instruction consisted of comprehending familiar people, objects, actions, and sequences through motor demonstration. Students successfully acquired how to read pictures and generalize its understanding. Visual literacy

David F. Cihak



Periodic Table of Elements in Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a great resource for science and chemistry students at the K-12 level or even postsecondary. The image shows each element of the periodic table represented by a picture of something that contains that element. For example, sulfur depicts a picture of egg yolks. It is very interesting and will help students relate and memorize the elements.


Grandparenting: Using Pictures To Transform the Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of the grandparent-grandchild relationship can be used effectively in group work with the aged by using pictures of grandchildren to stimulate personal interaction. Participants are asked to bring pictures of their grandchildren, great-grandchildren, or surrogate grandchildren to a two-hour training session on grandparenting. During…

Blackwell, David L.; Hunt, Sara Stockard


Positioning Picture Books within the Mathematics Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most teachers feel confident espousing the benefits of using picture books in English lessons, talking about the importance of using the illustrations to enhance the text, engaging students and fostering a love and appreciation of literature. How many teachers passionately advocate the use of these same picture books in mathematics lessons? This…

Jenkins, Kate



Power Picture Books: Tools for Teaching Peace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The picture book is a simple yet profound tool for teaching peace. Picture books are nearly pieces of art--with rich text accompanied by illustrations, paintings, and photographs that speak to the spirit of the child. They are an ideal peace resource, in part because they are readily accessible for all age levels. Books can be borrowed through…

Haskins, Cathleen



Sailing through the big crunch-big bang transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a recent series of papers, we have shown that theories with scalar fields coupled to gravity (e.g., the standard model) can be lifted to a Weyl-invariant equivalent theory in which it is possible to unambiguously trace the classical cosmological evolution through the transition from big crunch to big bang. The key was identifying a sufficient number of finite, Weyl-invariant conserved quantities to uniquely match the fundamental cosmological degrees of freedom across the transition. In doing so we had to account for the well-known fact that many Weyl-invariant quantities diverge at the crunch and bang. Recently, some authors rediscovered a few of these divergences and concluded based on their existence alone that the theories cannot be geodesically complete. In this paper, we show that this conclusion is invalid. Using conserved quantities we explicitly construct the complete set of geodesics and show that they pass continuously through the big crunch-big bang transition.

Bars, Itzhak; Steinhardt, Paul; Turok, Neil




E-print Network

BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT Submitted to Provost Hexter February 22, 2013 #12..................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Big Data, Big Challenges, Big Opportunities ......................................................................................... 5 2. UC Davis and Big Data: State of the Art and Current Needs

Schladow, S. Geoffrey


Parallel processing for digital picture comparison  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In picture processing an important problem is to identify two digital pictures of the same scene taken under different lighting conditions. This kind of problem can be found in remote sensing, satellite signal processing and the related areas. The identification can be done by transforming the gray levels so that the gray level histograms of the two pictures are closely matched. The transformation problem can be solved by using the packing method. Researchers propose a VLSI architecture consisting of m x n processing elements with extensive parallel and pipelining computation capabilities to speed up the transformation with the time complexity 0(max(m,n)), where m and n are the numbers of the gray levels of the input picture and the reference picture respectively. If using uniprocessor and a dynamic programming algorithm, the time complexity will be 0(m(3)xn). The algorithm partition problem, as an important issue in VLSI design, is discussed. Verification of the proposed architecture is also given.

Cheng, H. D.; Kou, L. T.



Interactions between view changes and shape changes in picture - picture matching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four experiments are reported in which pictures of different morphs of novel, complex, 3-D objects, similar to objects which we must identify in the real world, were presented. We investigated how changes of viewpoint influence our ability to discriminate between morphs. View changes had a powerful effect on performance in picture^picture matching tasks when similarly shaped morphs had to be

Rebecca Lawson; Heinrich H Bülthoff; Sarah Dumbell



Homogeneous and isotropic big rips?  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the way big rips are approached in a fully inhomogeneous description of the space-time geometry. If the pressure and energy densities are connected by a (supernegative) barotropic index, the spatial gradients and the anisotropic expansion decay as the big rip is approached. This behavior is contrasted with the usual big-bang singularities. A similar analysis is performed in the case of sudden (quiescent) singularities and it is argued that the spatial gradients may well be non-negligible in the vicinity of pressure singularities.

Giovannini, Massimo [Centro 'Enrico Fermi', Compendio del Viminale, Via Panisperna 89/A, 00184 Rome (Italy); Department of Physics, Theory Division, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)



Big Data and Ambulatory Care  

PubMed Central

Big data is heralded as having the potential to revolutionize health care by making large amounts of data available to support care delivery, population health, and patient engagement. Critics argue that big data's transformative potential is inhibited by privacy requirements that restrict health information exchange. However, there are a variety of permissible activities involving use and disclosure of patient information that support care delivery and management. This article presents an overview of the legal framework governing health information, dispels misconceptions about privacy regulations, and highlights how ambulatory care providers in particular can maximize the utility of big data to improve care. PMID:25401945

Thorpe, Jane Hyatt; Gray, Elizabeth Alexandra



More Picture-Perfect SCIENCE Lessons: Using Children's Books to Guide Inquiry, K-4  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers raved when NSTA Press published Picture-Perfect Science Lessons in 2005.* They loved its lively mix of kid-magnet books, Standards-based science content and ready-to-teach lessons. So what could be more perfect? More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons! This volume offers 15 new lessons that combine picture books and inquiry to develop students' interest in science and reading. The sequel follows the winning formula that made the first book an NSTA best seller. The lessons, following the 5E instructional model developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) cover a variety of science content--physical science, life science, and Earth and Space Science. They include reproducible student pages and assessments. They feature embedded reading-comprehension strategies. And they make students yearn to learn from such engaging fiction and nonfiction books as Diary of a Worm, Sunshine On My Shoulders, How Big is a Foot? and Leo Cockroach, Toy Tester. The authors know how important it is for time-starved teachers to integrate science and reading in a natural way and how students with reading troubles can use an extra nudge to get engaged in science texts. More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons is the perfect supplement to your science program--and the perfect way to help students develop a love of reading and learning about science. *Teachers weren't the only ones raving! Picture-Perfect won the 2005 Distinguished Achievement Award for Teacher Resource Books from the Association of Educational Publishers.

Emily Morgan



Solution of a braneworld big crunch\\/big bang cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background consisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in the collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a detailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the vicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch\\/big bang singularity. We

Paul L. McFadden; Neil Turok; Paul J. Steinhardt



Solution of a Braneworld Big Crunch\\/Big Bang Cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background\\u000aconsisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in\\u000athe collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a\\u000adetailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the\\u000avicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch\\/big bang singularity. We

Paul McFadden; Neil Turok; Paul J. Steinhardt



The Horn Book Graphic Gallery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an annotated bibliography of 14 picture books with copyright dates from 1980 to 1984. David Macauley, Ed Young, and Richard Bartlett based their selections on illustration and design criteria that they most admired. (JK)

Horn Book Magazine, 1986



Stalking the "Big Picture"--or--the HRD Grid: A Conceptual Model for Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conceptual model is organized around these constructs: individual and organizational needs, management, employee, and cooperative initiatives. Appropriate activities have either a short-term focus (performance and productivity management) or a long-term focus (career management and organizational development). (CPAD Network, 1190 South…

Trammell, Carmen



Issue 376 May 2011 The ability to maintain the "big picture" while  

E-print Network

. It is not "Murphy-proof." The Aircraft Maintenance Manual says to check for proper orientation and this is where I Military/Other 18 TOTAL 6148 ASRS Alerts Issued in March 2011 Subject of Alert No. of Alerts Aircraft or aircraft equipment 17 ATC equipment or procedures 4 Airport facility or procedure 8 Maintenance procedure 1


Rationalization of U. S. downstream continues: U. S. gasoline market trends: The big picture  

SciTech Connect

The largest single gasoline market in the world has grown again and exceeded its historical peak. At the same time, major-branded retail stations are fewer and much more productive, and major brands continue their retrenchment into their key markets. Some related issues are of significance around the world both for maturing markets and those quickly developing.

Not Available



Adding Flesth to Bones: Using Zooarchaeology Research toAnswer the Big-Picture Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Faunal analysis can give clues to the quality of life for the elite and the general pop- ulation. Many studies have discussed how a general Maya diet was affected by population pres- sure, but few have looked directly at the archaeological dietary remains. This paper looks at the adaptive responses to the increasing requirements for animal resources at Caracol,

Wendy G. Teeter; Arlen F. Chase


How relevant is opportunistic Bd sampling: are we ready for the big picture?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Understanding the distribution of chytridiomycosis, both at global and local scales, is important to controlling its impacts on host species (e.g., biocontrol or eradication) and to managing host amphibian populations (e.g., reintroduction and habitat management). In response to this, efforts to map observations of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) are underway to better understand its distribution and impact on amphibian populations (e.g.,

Muths, Erin; Pedersen, Britt Spurre; Pedersen, Finn Spurre



The big picture: effects of surround on immersion and size perception.  


Despite the fear of the entertainment industry that illegal downloads of films might ruin their business, going to the movies continues to be a popular leisure activity. One reason why people prefer to watch movies in cinemas may be the surround of the movie screen or its physically huge size. To disentangle the factors that might contribute to the size impression, we tested several measures of subjective size and immersion in different viewing environments. For this purpose we built a model cinema that provided visual angle information comparable with that of a real cinema. Subjects watched identical movie clips in a real cinema, a model cinema, and on a display monitor in isolation. Whereas the isolated display monitor was inferior, the addition of a contextual model improved the viewing immersion to the extent that it was comparable with the movie theater experience, provided the viewing angle remained the same. In a further study we built an identical but even smaller model cinema to unconfound visual angle and viewing distance. Both model cinemas produced similar results. There was a trend for the larger screen to be more immersive; however, viewing angle did not play a role in how the movie was evaluated. PMID:25509683

Baranowski, Andreas M; Hecht, Heiko



The Big Picture of Individual Differences in Physical Activity Behavior Change: A Transdisciplinary Approach  

PubMed Central

The goal of this research is to utilize a transdisciplinary framework to guide the selection of putative moderators of the effectiveness of an intervention to promote physical activity behavior adoption and maintenance in the context of a randomized controlled intervention trial. Effective interventions to increase physical activity are sorely needed, and one barrier to the identification and development of such interventions is the lack of research targeted at understanding both the mechanisms of intervention efficacy and for whom particular interventions are effective. The purpose of this paper is to outline our transdisciplinary approach to understanding individual differences in the effectiveness of a previously successful exercise promotion intervention. We explain the rationale for and operationalization of our framework, characteristics of the study to which we apply the framework, and planned analyses. By embracing a transdisciplinary orientation for individual differences important in the prediction of physical activity (spanning molecular approaches, animal models, human laboratory models, and social psychological models), we hope to have a better understanding of characteristics of individuals that are important in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity. PMID:21278837

Nilsson, Renea; Tompkins, Sara Anne; Magnan, Renee E.; Marcus, Bess H.; Hutchison, Kent E.



Primed for Patron-Driven Acquisition: A Look at the Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of patron-driven acquisition (PDA) as a viable collections practice is encouraging many academic libraries to be proactive about sharing significant collection development responsibilities with their patrons. The adoption of PDA represents a challenge to some long-held understandings about libraries and collections, however, and…

Dahl, Candice



Assessing Risk in Focal Arboviral Infections: Are We Missing the Big or Little Picture?  

PubMed Central

Background Focal arboviral infections affecting a subset of the overall population present an often overlooked set of challenges in the assessment and reporting of risk and the detection of spatial patterns. Our objective was to assess the variation in risk when using different at-risk populations and geographic scales for the calculation of incidence risk and the detection of geographic hot-spots of infection. We explored these variations using a pediatric arbovirus, La Crosse virus (LACV), as our model. Methods and Findings Descriptive and cluster analyses were performed on probable and confirmed cases of LACV infections reported to the Tennessee Department of Health from 1997 to 2006, using three at-risk populations (the total population, the population 18 years and younger, and the population 15 years and younger) and at two geographic levels (county and census tract) to assess the variation in incidence risk and to investigate evidence of clustering using both global and local spatial statistics. We determined that the most appropriate at-risk population to calculate incidence risk and to assess the evidence of clustering was the population 15 years and younger. Based on our findings, the most appropriate geographical level to conduct spatial analyses and report incidence risk is the census tract level. The incidence risk in the population 15 years and younger at the county level ranged from 0 to 226.5 per 100,000 persons (median 41.5) in those counties reporting cases (n?=?14) and at the census tract level it ranged from 50.9 to 673.9 per 100,000 persons (median 126.7) in those census tracts reporting cases (n?=?51). To our knowledge, this is the highest reported incidence risk for this population at the county level for Tennessee and at the census tract level nationally. Conclusion The results of this study indicate the possibility of missing disease clusters resulting from performing incidence risk investigations of focal diseases using inappropriate at-risk populations and/or at large geographic scales. Improved disease surveillance and health planning will result through the use of well defined at-risk populations and the use of appropriate geographic scales for the analysis and reporting of diseases. The finding of a high incidence risk of LACV infections in eastern Tennessee demonstrates that the vast majority of these infections continue to be under-diagnosed and/or underreported in this region. Persistent prevention and surveillance efforts will be required to reduce exposure to infectious vectors and to detect new cases of infection in this region. Application of this study's observations in future investigations will enhance the quantification of incidence risk and the identification of high-risk groups within the population. PMID:19742311

Haddow, Andrew D.; Jones, Carl J.; Odoi, Agricola



Forestry research west. Understanding the big picture: The interior Columbia Basin ecosystem management project  

SciTech Connect

A 1993 presidential directive launched the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project. Several Federal agencies teamed up to develop an ecologically sound, scientifically based strategy for 75 million acres of land administered by the BLM and Forest Service. The project sought to answer two questions: (1) What are the ecological and socioeconomic trends and conditions in the basin; and (2) What land management strategy would most effectively improve them. A team of scientists tackled the first question, and a management team tackled the second. Land managers are using the science information to develop management strategies. These strategies are outlined and analyzed in two draft environmental impact statements (EISs), which will be released to the public late this spring. These documents will eventually amend 74 Forest Service and BLM plans, thereby enabling local units to implement a comprehensive, collaborative strategy that will address the broad-scale issues.

Cole, H.B.; Quigley, T.M.



Forestry research west. Understanding the big picture: The interior Columbia Basin ecosystem management project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 1993 presidential directive launched the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project. Several Federal agencies teamed up to develop an ecologically sound, scientifically based strategy for 75 million acres of land administered by the BLM and Forest Service. The project sought to answer two questions: (1) What are the ecological and socioeconomic trends and conditions in the basin; and (2)

H. B. Cole; T. M. Quigley



Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD  

E-print Network

to isolate nuclear waste successfully from the biosphere for the long term can be developed if our society formation to keep the radioisotopes isolated from the biosphere until they had decayed. The original idea

California at Santa Cruz, University of


U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Loss: The Big Picture  

E-print Network

A first step in realizing industrial energy efficiency opportunities is to understand how industry is using, and losing, energy. The U.S. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a reliable macro-scale reference for manufacturing energy...

Brueske, S.; Sabouni, R.



IYA2009 Programmes in Canada: The ``Big Picture'' in June 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership---Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ), and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)---is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programmes, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through the `Galileo Moment' theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and/or virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programmes of Canada's major planetaria and science centres, a national astronomy lecture series, as well as partnerships with arts and cultural organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement in high-traffic locales From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams. Our proposal for commemorative stamps has been accepted, and efforts are underway to secure commemorative coins, as well. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See for current information.

Hesser, J. E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P.; Percy, J. R.



IYA2009 Programs in Canada: The "Big Picture” In June, 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership--Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ) and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)--is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programs, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through The Galileo Moment theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programs of Canada's major Planetaria and Science Centres, a National Astronomy Lecture Series, as well as partnerships with Arts and Cultural Organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams in high-traffic locales. Efforts are underway to secure commemorative stamps and coins, with recent encouraging news about the former. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a CD/DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See for current information.

Hesser, James E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P. L.; Percy, J. R.; Canada Committee, IYA



Detecting Bias in Meta-Analyses of Distance Education Research: Big Pictures We Can Rely On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has two interrelated purposes. The first is to explain how various forms of bias, if introduced during any stage of a meta-analysis, can provide the consumer with a misimpression of the state of a research literature. Five of the most important bias-producing aspects of a meta-analysis are presented and discussed. Second, armed with…

Bernard, Robert M.; Borokhovski, Eugene; Tamim, Rana M.



Thinking Big Picture: Meeting the Needs of Researchers in Northern Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the increase in research activity at Charles Darwin University in recent years, the Library created the position of Research Services Coordinator to meet researcher needs. Eighteen months after the new staff member was in place, an online survey was carried out to gauge the success of the new services and resources provided, and thereby…

Mamtora, Jayshree



The big picture: storytelling ability in adults with autism spectrum conditions.  


Previous work on story-telling ability in autism spectrum conditions (ASC) has found a pattern of relatively intact use of story grammar in ASC narratives; however, prior analysis has concentrated primarily on whether specific story components are included, rather than how they are included. The present study analyzes an existing narrative dataset, concentrating on the kind of information that individuals with and without high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome include about story elements such as setting, character, conflict, and resolution. This analysis showed that individuals with ASC are biased toward providing local over global details about each element, regardless of whether the element involved mental content. These results are discussed in terms of the Weak Central Coherence and Hyper-Systemizing theories. PMID:22042307

Barnes, Jennifer L; Baron-Cohen, Simon



Putting Ourselves in the Big Picture: A Sustainable Approach to Project Management for e-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a case study of a large Australian university the metaphor of panarchy is used as a means of describing and understanding the complex interrelationships of multi-scale institutional projects and the influences of a variety factors on the potential success of e-learning initiatives. The concept of para-analysis is introduced as a management…

Buchan, Janet



Obesity, Chronic Disease, and Economic Growth: A Case for “Big Picture” Prevention  

PubMed Central

The discovery of a form of chronic, low-grade systemic inflammation (“metaflammation”) linked with obesity, but also associated with several lifestyle-related behaviours not necessarily causing obesity, suggests a re-consideration of obesity as a direct cause of chronic disease and a search for the main drivers—or cause of causes. Factors contributing to this are considered here within an environmental context, leading to the conclusion that humans have an immune reaction to aspects of the modern techno-industrial environment, to which they have not fully adapted. It is suggested that economic growth—beyond a point—leads to increases in chronic diseases and climate change and that obesity is a signal of these problems. This is supported by data from Sweden over 200 years, as well as “natural” experiments in disrupted economies like Cuba and Nauru, which have shown a positive health effect with economic downturns. The effect is reflected both in human health and environmental problems such as climate change, thus pointing to the need for greater cross-disciplinary communication and a concept shift in thinking on prevention if economic growth is to continue to benefit human health and well-being. PMID:21991431

Egger, Garry



Dreger on the Bailey Controversy: Lost in the Drama, Missing the Big Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

others. Bailey’s book has reinforced cultural stereotypes of male-to-female transsexuals, beginning with the demeaning cover. He maintains that transsexuals are motivated by lust, not gender identity issues, that transsexuals lie, and that they are drawn to shoplifting. He asserts that one ‘‘type’’ of transsexualism is in fact a ‘‘paraphilia,’’ linking some MTF transsexuals with ‘‘necrophilia, bestiality, and pedophilia’’ (p. 171)

Margaret Nichols



Getting the Big Picture: Writing to Learn in a Finance Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a project incorporating writing-to- learn activities into an introductory finance class. Such activities use writing informally as a vehicle to promote student learning. Examination of the students' brief papers showed that students became less likely to skip theory and go to canned formulas and that they took more responsibil ity for their work. For instructors, the project

Susan Hall; Theresa Tiggeman



Endocannabinoids in nervous system health and disease: the big picture in a nutshell  

PubMed Central

The psychoactive component of the cannabis resin and flowers, delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), was first isolated in 1964, and at least 70 other structurally related ‘phytocannabinoid’ compounds have since been identified. The serendipitous identification of a G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptor at which THC is active in the brain heralded an explosion in cannabinoid research. Elements of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) comprise the cannabinoid receptors, a family of nascent lipid ligands, the ‘endocannabinoids’ and the machinery for their biosynthesis and metabolism. The function of the ECS is thus defined by modulation of these receptors, in particular, by two of the best-described ligands, 2-arachidonoyl glycerol and anandamide (arachidonylethanolamide). Research on the ECS has recently aroused enormous interest not only for the physiological functions, but also for the promising therapeutic potentials of drugs interfering with the activity of cannabinoid receptors. Many of the former relate to stress-recovery systems and to the maintenance of homeostatic balance. Among other functions, the ECS is involved in neuroprotection, modulation of nociception, regulation of motor activity, neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity and the control of certain phases of memory processing. In addition, the ECS acts to modulate the immune and inflammatory responses and to maintain a positive energy balance. This theme issue aims to provide the reader with an overview of ECS pharmacology, followed by discussions on the pivotal role of this system in the modulation of neurogenesis in the developing and adult organism, memory processes and synaptic plasticity, as well as in pathological pain and brain ageing. The volume will conclude with discussions that address the proposed therapeutic applications of targeting the ECS for the treatment of neurodegeneration, pain and mental illness. PMID:23108539

Skaper, Stephen D.; Di Marzo, Vincenzo



Getting Focused without Cropping the Big Picture: The System Office in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the system office for community college institutional research in California. As the system IR office for the largest community college system in the nation, it is often looked to as a leader for other states and community college IR systems. The author notes the office's administrative environment, its staffing and…

Hom, Willard C.



Posted on Mon, Feb. 28, 2011 Byzantine charity care finances miss the big picture  

E-print Network

current trends and issues in healthcare for the College of Business at Florida Atlantic University Shepherd Another twist in healthcare reform involves a logical plan to have is compelling on the surface but the sausage factory that is healthcare economics guarantees that a beautifully

Belogay, Eugene A.


Understand the Big Picture So You Can Plan for Network Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses network security for libraries. It indicates that there were only six exploit (security exposure) problems, worldwide, reported to the CERT Coordination Center back in 1988. In that year, the CERT had just been established to provide a clearinghouse for exchanging information about network security problems. By 2003, the…

Cervone, Frank



Interactive computer graphics at Ford Motor Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past fourteen years the Ford Motor Company actively pursued the development and use of interactive computer graphics in the design and manufacture of automobiles. The success of Ford's pioneering efforts in the area of minicomputer graphics led to widespread acceptance and support for graphics within the corporation. This in turn led to a rapid expansion of computer graphics

Frank W. Bliss



An Opening: Graphic Design's Discursive Spaces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a special issue on critical histories of graphic design with a review of the particular problems identified with the history of graphic design as a field of study and the emerging discipline of graphic design history. Makes a case for the examination of graphic design through its relationships with larger discourses. (SR)

Blauvelt, Andrew



Antinomies of Semiotics in Graphic Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following paper assesses the roles played by semiotics in graphic design and in graphic design education, which both reflects and shapes practice. It identifies a series of factors; graphic design education methods and culture; semiotic theories themselves and their application to graphic design; the two wings of Peircian semiotics and…

Storkerson, Peter




E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section B ­ Java 2D 20 - Graphics2D: Introduction 21 - Graphics2D: Shapes 22 2D: General Path Curves 29 - Graphics 2D: Constructive Area Geometry Gary Hill December 2003 Java 2 Java initially through the Abstract Window Toolkit, which was extended to include swing, shortly

Hill, Gary


Graphic Design Career Guide 2. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The graphic design field is diverse and includes many areas of specialization. This guide introduces students to career opportunities in graphic design. The guide is organized in four parts. "Part One: Careers in Graphic Design" identifies and discusses the various segments of the graphic design industry, including: Advertising, Audio-Visual, Book…

Craig, James


Graphic Novels in Your School Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators now agree that graphic novels inform as well as entertain, and to dismiss the educational potential of the graphic novel is to throw away a golden opportunity to reach out to young readers. This dynamic book takes a look at the term "graphic novel," how the format has become entwined in our culture, and the ways in which graphic

Karp, Jesse



Cartooning History: Canada's Stories in Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, historical events, issues, and characters have been portrayed in an increasing number of non-fiction graphic texts. Similar to comics and graphic novels, graphic texts are defined as fully developed, non-fiction narratives told through panels of sequential art. Such non-fiction graphic texts are being used to teach history in…

King, Alyson E.



Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy fantastic fact?  

E-print Network

#12;The pillars of the Big-Bang theory 1. The expansion of the Universe Distant objects are receedingBig Bang: astrophysical fantasy or fantastic fact? Andreas Korn Institutionen för astronomi och rymdfysik, Uppsala universitet #12;The evolution of the Cosmos Big Bang Big-Bang nucleosynthesis microwave

Korn, Andreas


Creation and Big Bang Cosmology Hoylesteady-  

E-print Network

/ Creation and Big Bang Cosmology PDFPDF Hoylesteady- state theory William Lane Craig (Big UniversityArizona State University #12; Source: "Creation and Big Bang Cosmology." Philosophia Naturalis 31-232. Ed. Patrick Suppes. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Grünbaum, Adolf. [1990]. "Pseudo-Creation of the Big Bang

Yu, Alex


Big Data book January 18, 2013  

E-print Network

Big Data book lalala January 18, 2013 #12;ii #12;Contents 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data 1 6.1 The Data Access Problem of Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6.2 Ontology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 i #12;ii CONTENTS #12;Chapter 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data Martin Giese,1 Diego

Calvanese, Diego


The BigBOSS Experiment  

SciTech Connect

BigBOSS will obtain observational constraints that will bear on three of the four 'science frontier' questions identified by the Astro2010 Cosmology and Fundamental Phyics Panel of the Decadal Survey: Why is the universe accelerating; what is dark matter and what are the properties of neutrinos? Indeed, the BigBOSS project was recommended for substantial immediate R and D support the PASAG report. The second highest ground-based priority from the Astro2010 Decadal Survey was the creation of a funding line within the NSF to support a 'Mid-Scale Innovations' program, and it used BigBOSS as a 'compelling' example for support. This choice was the result of the Decadal Survey's Program Priorization panels reviewing 29 mid-scale projects and recommending BigBOSS 'very highly'.

Schelgel, D.; Abdalla, F.; Abraham, T.; Ahn, C.; Allende Prieto, C.; Annis, J.; Aubourg, E.; Azzaro, M.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Baugh, C.; /APC, Paris /Brookhaven /IRFU, Saclay /Marseille, CPPM /Marseille, CPT /Durham U. / /IEU, Seoul /Fermilab /IAA, Granada /IAC, La Laguna; ,



Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor  

E-print Network

Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor Dr Khalil SimaDr Khalil Sima--2019) This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017)This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017 ... Statistical LearningLinguistics Machine TranslationMachine Translation #12;BIG DATABIG DATA What Comes to Mind

Sima'an, Khalil


Trend Monitoring System (TMS) graphics software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype bus communications systems, which is being used to support the Trend Monitoring System (TMS) and to evaluate the bus concept is considered. A set of FORTRAN-callable graphics subroutines for the host MODCOMP comuter, and an approach to splitting graphics work between the host and the system's intelligent graphics terminals are described. The graphics software in the MODCOMP and the operating software package written for the graphics terminals are included.

Brown, J. S.



Challenges of Big Data Analysis  

PubMed Central

Big Data bring new opportunities to modern society and challenges to data scientists. On one hand, Big Data hold great promises for discovering subtle population patterns and heterogeneities that are not possible with small-scale data. On the other hand, the massive sample size and high dimensionality of Big Data introduce unique computational and statistical challenges, including scalability and storage bottleneck, noise accumulation, spurious correlation, incidental endogeneity, and measurement errors. These challenges are distinguished and require new computational and statistical paradigm. This article gives overviews on the salient features of Big Data and how these features impact on paradigm change on statistical and computational methods as well as computing architectures. We also provide various new perspectives on the Big Data analysis and computation. In particular, we emphasize on the viability of the sparsest solution in high-confidence set and point out that exogeneous assumptions in most statistical methods for Big Data can not be validated due to incidental endogeneity. They can lead to wrong statistical inferences and consequently wrong scientific conclusions. PMID:25419469

Fan, Jianqing; Han, Fang; Liu, Han



Little Explorers Picture Dictionary With Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This picture dictionary, provided by Enchanted Learning Software, is not only an entertaining children's resource with over 1,000 entries, but also a hidden metasite, allowing children to explore the Internet to learn more about the words they have chosen. Access is via letter of the alphabet. Each entry contains a picture definition and a simple word definition. Many of the entries are also linked to outside sites that further develop the meaning of the word. The dictionary is available with translations into four other languages (although these dictionaries contain only picture definitions and links).


SraTailor: graphical user interface software for processing and visualizing ChIP-seq data.  


Raw data from ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with massively parallel DNA sequencing) experiments are deposited in public databases as SRAs (Sequence Read Archives) that are publically available to all researchers. However, to graphically visualize ChIP-seq data of interest, the corresponding SRAs must be downloaded and converted into BigWig format, a process that involves complicated command-line processing. This task requires users to possess skill with script languages and sequence data processing, a requirement that prevents a wide range of biologists from exploiting SRAs. To address these challenges, we developed SraTailor, a GUI (Graphical User Interface) software package that automatically converts an SRA into a BigWig-formatted file. Simplicity of use is one of the most notable features of SraTailor: entering an accession number of an SRA and clicking the mouse are the only steps required to obtain BigWig-formatted files and to graphically visualize the extents of reads at given loci. SraTailor is also able to make peak calls, generate files of other formats, process users' own data, and accept various command-line-like options. Therefore, this software makes ChIP-seq data fully exploitable by a wide range of biologists. SraTailor is freely available at, and runs on both Mac and Windows machines. PMID:25324176

Oki, Shinya; Maehara, Kazumitsu; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki; Meno, Chikara



VAX Professional Workstation goes graphic  

SciTech Connect

The VAX Professional Workstation (VPW) is a collection of programs and procedures designed to provide an integrated work-station environment for the staff at KMS Fusion's research laboratories. During the past year numerous capabilities have been added to VPW, including support for VT125/VT240/4014 graphic workstations, editing windows, and additional desk utilities. Graphics workstation support allows users to create, edit, and modify graph data files, enter the data via a graphic tablet, create simple plots with DATATRIEVE or DECgraph on ReGIS terminals, or elaborate plots with TEKGRAPH on ReGIS or Tektronix terminals. Users may assign display error bars to the data and interactively plot it in a variety of ways. Users also can create and display viewgraphs. Hard copy output for a large network of office terminals is obtained by multiplexing each terminal's video output into a recently developed video multiplexer front ending a single channel video hard copy unit.

Downward, J.G.



Using Picture Books to Support Young Children's Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the importance of using picture books to support young children's literacy. A picture book is different from a children's book, because it contains illustrations. In a picture book, both the picture and text are equally important. The text and illustrations of high-quality picture books weave rich stories that can excite and…

Strasser, Janis; Seplocha, Holly



Manufacturing Technologies: Making a Picture Frame  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The basic processes involved in manufacturing systems are demonstrated while students produce their own picture frames. They learn about cutting, shaping, assembly, joining and finishing, as well as attention to quality, safety and production quantity.

K-12 Outreach Office,


NIH Abroad: Pictures Are Crowd Pullers  


... culture, and the Internet combine to intervene against malaria in Uganda NLM's Julia Royall and Makerere University ... the international team that developed a tutorial on malaria for Africa. Photo courtesy of Julia Royall "Pictures ...


Does your ad have too many pictures?  

E-print Network

This paper reports findings from a study that evaluates the effectiveness of longer print advertisements-the advertisements with a low copy-picture ratio (i.e., primarily pictorial advertisements or PPAs). Move specifically, ...

Singh, Surendra N.; Lessig, V. Parker; Kim, Dongwook; Gupta, R.; Hocutt, M. A.



Picture Detection in RSVP: Features or Identity?  

E-print Network

A pictured object can be readily detected in a rapid serial visual presentation sequence when the target is specified by a superordinate category name such as animal or vehicle. Are category features the initial basis for ...

Potter, Mary C.


32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Navy considers “desirable.” (3) State that the Navy will use a commercially produced film. (4) Imply...endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy seals. (c) Navy assistance to motion pictures and all other...



32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Navy considers “desirable.” (3) State that the Navy will use a commercially produced film. (4) Imply...endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy seals. (c) Navy assistance to motion pictures and all other...



Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yes, the Academy Award nominations were announced this week, and yes, the Web site was overwhelmed starting in the wee hours of the morning on Tuesday. For all the hoopla, see the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences site.


Using Pictures to Support the Main Idea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this resource, students will identify pictures that describe what the book is mainly about. Throughout the teacher modeling section, guided practice, and independent practice, students will use books on tigers, farm animals, and whales.




Introductory Computer Graphics Penny Rheingans  

E-print Network

for an action · Ex: ­ Pull back foot to kick ball ­ Luxo: big lamp looks off stage before Jr.'s entrance · Keys by distoring its shape during an action · Ex: ­ Ball flattening during bounce ­ Facial animation -- cheeks of an action and establishing its relationship to the next action · Ex: ­ Hand throwing ball continues past

Rheingans, Penny


GNS -- Graphics Wokstation Name Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This note contains information for three categories of GNS consumer: - The user of a graphics application: This consumer is interested in the syntax of graphics workstation names. - The system manager: This consumer is interested in the contents of the database and how to set up and modify it. System managers will need to be familiar with the first part which deals with workstation names. The remainder will be of interest to anyone adding support for a new GKS or IDI device. - The application programmer: This consumer is interested in the programmer interface, the mechanism for reporting errors and the means of compiling and linking the programs.

Terrett, David; Eaton, Nicholas


New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.


Pictorial communication: Pictures and the synthetic universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Principles for the design of dynamic spatial instruments for communicating quantitative information to viewers are considered through a brief review of the history of pictorial communication. Pictorial communication is seen to have two directions: (1) from the picture to the viewer; and (2) from the viewer to the picture. Optimization of the design of interactive instruments using pictorial formats requires an understanding of the manipulative, perceptual, and cognitive limitations of human viewers.

Ellis, Stephen R.



Impaired picture recognition in transient epileptic amnesia.  


Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is an epileptic syndrome characterized by recurrent, brief episodes of amnesia. Transient epileptic amnesia is often associated with the rapid decline in recall of new information over hours to days (accelerated long-term forgetting - 'ALF'). It remains unknown how recognition memory is affected in TEA over time. Here, we report a systematic study of picture recognition in patients with TEA over the course of one week. Sixteen patients with TEA and 16 matched controls were presented with 300 photos of everyday life scenes. Yes/no picture recognition was tested 5min, 2.5h, 7.5h, 24h, and 1week after picture presentation using a subset of target pictures as well as similar and different foils. Picture recognition was impaired in the patient group at all test times, including the 5-minute test, but it declined normally over the course of 1week. This impairment was associated predominantly with an increased false alarm rate, especially for similar foils. High performance on a control test indicates that this impairment was not associated with perceptual or discrimination deficits. Our findings suggest that, at least in some TEA patients with ALF in verbal recall, picture recognition does not decline more rapidly than in controls over 1week. However, our findings of an early picture recognition deficit suggest that new visual memories are impoverished after minutes in TEA. This could be the result of deficient encoding or impaired early consolidation. The early picture recognition deficit observed could reflect either the early stages of the process that leads to ALF or a separable deficit of anterograde memory in TEA. Lastly, our study suggests that at least some patients with TEA are prone to falsely recognizing new everyday visual information that they have not in fact seen previously. This deficit, alongside their ALF in free recall, likely affects everyday memory performance. PMID:25506793

Dewar, Michaela; Hoefeijzers, Serge; Zeman, Adam; Butler, Christopher; Della Sala, Sergio



Mesoscale wake clouds in Skylab pictures.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The recognition of cloud patterns formed in the wake of orographic obstacles was investigated using pictures from Skylab, for the purpose of estimating atmospheric motions. The existence of ship-wake-type wave clouds in contrast to vortex sheets were revealed during examination of the pictures, and an attempt was made to characterize the pattern of waves as well as the transition between waves and vortices. Examples of mesoscale cloud patterns which were analyzed photogrammetrically and meteorologically are presented.

Fujita, T. T.; Tecson, J. J.




Microsoft Academic Search

Active templates are a semi-automatic visual mechanism for generating algorithms for manipulating pointer-based data structures. The programmer creates a picture showing the affected part of a data structure before and after a general-case manipulation. Code for the opera- tion is compiled directly from the picture, which also provides the development environment with enough information to generate, automatically, a series of

P. J. Lyons; Palmerston North


Picture recognition in animals and humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of object–picture recognition has received relatively little attention in both human and comparative psychology; a paradoxical situation given the important use of image technology (e.g. slides, digitised pictures) made by neuroscientists in their experimental investigation of visual cognition. The present review examines the relevant literature pertaining to the question of the correspondence between and\\/or equivalence of real objects

Dalila Bovet; Jacques Vauclair



Holographic motion pictures by hole burning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A real-time read\\/write motion picture has been demonstrated by hole-burning holography using cryogenic Eu3+:Y2SiO5 crystal. In a holographic configuration, the laser frequency was continuously scanned within the 7F0-5D0 absorption line while the object was in motion. Since this movie does not have any picture frames, it is temporary continuous. This feature might realize high-speed and high-time- resolution motion recording.

Koichi Karaki; Hiroko Sasaki; Masaharu Mitsunaga



Neuromagnetic activity during recognition of emotional pictures.  


Recently studied 'old' stimuli lead to larger frontal and parietal ERP responses than 'new' stimuli. The present experiment investigated the neuromagnetic correlates (MEG) of this 'old-new' effect and its modulation by emotional stimulus content. Highly arousing pleasant, highly arousing unpleasant and un-arousing neutral photographs were presented to the participants with the instruction to memorize them. They were later re-presented together with new photographs in an old-new decision task. In line with previous ERP studies, a long-lasting old-new effect (350-700 ms) was found. Independently, an emotion effect also occurred, as reflected in a, particularly left temporal, activity increase for emotional pictures between 450 and 580 ms. Moreover, only for the pleasant pictures did the early part of the old-new effect, which is thought to reflect familiarity based recognition processes, interact with picture content: The old-new effect for pleasant pictures in frontal regions was larger than the one for neutral or unpleasant pictures between 350 and 450 ms. In parallel, subjects' responses were accelerated towards and biased in favour of classifying pleasant pictures as old. However, when false alarm rate was taken into account, there was no significant effect of emotional content on recognition accuracy. In sum, this MEG study demonstrates an effect of particularly pleasant emotional content on recognition memory which may be mediated by a familiarity based process. PMID:18335310

Kissler, Johanna; Hauswald, Anne



Crossmodal Interactions during Affective Picture Processing  

PubMed Central

"Natural" crossmodal correspondences, such as the spontaneous tendency to associate high pitches with high spatial locations, are often hypothesized to occur preattentively and independently of task instructions (top-down attention). Here, we investigate bottom-up attentional engagement by using emotional scenes that are known to naturally and reflexively engage attentional resources. We presented emotional (pleasant and unpleasant) or neutral pictures either below or above a fixation cross, while participants were required to discriminate between a high or a low pitch tone (experiment 1). Results showed that despite a robust crossmodal attentional capture of task-irrelevant emotional pictures, the general advantage in classifying the tones for congruent over incongruent visual-auditory stimuli was similar for emotional and neutral pictures. On the other hand, when picture position was task-relevant (experiment 2), task-irrelevant tones did not interact with pictures with regard to their combination of pitch and visual vertical spatial position, but instead they were effective in minimizing the interference effect of emotional picture processing on the ongoing task. These results provide constraints on our current understanding of natural crossmodal correspondences. PMID:24587078

Ferrari, Vera; Mastria, Serena; Bruno, Nicola



Big Bang-Big Crunch optimization algorithm to solve the course timetabling problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we present the Big Bang-Big Crunch (BB-BC) method to solve the post-enrolment course timetabling problem. This method is derived from one of the evolution of the universe theories in physics and astronomy. The BB-BC theory involves two phases (Big Bang and Big Crunch). The Big Bang phase feeds the Big Crunch phase with many inputs and the

Ghaith M. Jaradat; Masri Ayob



Teaching graphics in technical communication classes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graphic aids convey and clarify information more efficiently and accurately than words alone therefore, most technical writing includes the use of graphics. Ways of accumulating and presenting graphics illustrations on a shoestring budget are suggested. These include collecting graphics from companies, annual reports and laminating them for workshop use or putting them on a flip chart for classroom presentation, creating overhead transparencies to demonstrate different levels of effectiveness of graphic aids, and bringing in grahic artists for question/answer periods or in class workshops. Also included are an extensive handout as an introduction to graphics, sample assignments, and a selected and annotated bibliography.

Spurgeon, K. C.



Dual of Big-bang and Big-crunch  

E-print Network

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by procedure of the double anaytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are non singular at all as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 Super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Dongsu Bak



Turning big bang into big bounce: II. Quantum dynamics  

E-print Network

We analyze the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of the nonstandard loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Elementary observables are used to quantize composite observables. The spectrum of the energy density operator is bounded and continuous. The spectrum of the volume operator is bounded from below and discrete. It has equally distant levels defining a quantum of the volume. The discreteness may imply a foamy structure of spacetime at semiclassical level which may be detected in astro-cosmo observations. The nonstandard LQC method has a free parameter that should be fixed in some way to specify the big bounce transition.

Przemyslaw Malkiewicz; Wlodzimierz Piechocki



Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog: Sequence design and picture coverage, volume 2, addendum 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This addendum to the Mariner Mars 1971 Television Picture Catalog, Volume 2 (for abstract, see N73-20850) contains data for the Mariner 9 TV pictures taken after Rev 262. Some of the data presented in Volume 2 is brought up to date. The new provisional mapping pole is discussed, and tables provide the latitude and longitude with respect to the new pole, prime meridian, and rotation rate for the centerpoints of all the Mariner 9 TV pictures.

Koskela, P. E.



WMAP: "Baby Picture" of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), launched in 2001, has provided an extremely detailed map of the cosmic microwave background, a remnant from the Big Bang and the oldest light in the universe. This false-color image of the cosmic microwave background gives viewers a detailed snapshot of how the universe looked at a very young age. Colors have been assigned to slight fluctuations in temperature: warmer areas are red, while cooler areas are blue. A timeline shows the progression from the Big Bang to the instant of time depicted in the WMAP image to the present-day universe.


Graphic Novels in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today many authors and artists adapt works of classic literature into a medium more "user friendly" to the increasingly visual student population. Stefan Petrucha and Kody Chamberlain's version of "Beowulf" is one example. The graphic novel captures the entire epic in arresting images and contrasts the darkness of the setting and characters with…

Martin, Adam




E-print Network

Chapter 14 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES Jie Zhou1 , David Zhang2 , Jinwei;; Abstract Fingerprint recognition is very important in automatic personal identification. In conventional fingerprint recognition algorithms

Gu, Jinwei


Classifying Students' Graphics Calculator Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When students are working with hand held technology, such as graphics calculators, we usually only see the outcomes of their activities in the form of a contribution to a written solution of a mathematical problem. It is more difficult to capture their process of thinking or actions as they use the technology to solve a problem. In this paper we…

Berry, John; Graham, Ted; Smith, Andy



In Defense of Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 18th century, critics grumbled about a new literary form that supposedly threatened the abilities of youth to distinguish between reality and artificiality. This form was the novel, one of the literary forms that critics now hold dearest. Currently, the graphic novel receives a great deal of criticism. Yet many teachers have shown how…

Hansen, Kathryn Strong



Astronomy Simulation with Computer Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Planetary Motion Simulations" is a system of programs designed for students to observe motions of a superior planet (one whose orbit lies outside the orbit of the earth). Programs run on the Apple II microcomputer and employ high-resolution graphics to present the motions of Saturn. (Author/JN)

Thomas, William E.



Feasibilitystudy: Transfer ISACs Graphical Userinterface  

E-print Network

Feasibilitystudy: Transfer ISACs Graphical Userinterface To Web2.0 Technology Wolfgang Kandlbauer­stepping system for applied mathematics. The goal of my project was to find a way for presenting the highly structured data of ISAC in a web browser. In order to get an overview what is necessary for transfer ISAC


Recorded Music and Graphic Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of art as an element of music-recording packaging. Describes a project in which students design a jacket for either cassette or CD using a combination of computerized and traditional rendering techniques. Reports that students have been inspired to look into careers in graphic design. (DSK)

Osterer, Irv



A Poetics of Graphic Design?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that the work of the French feminist writers Helene Cixous and Luce Irigaray could serve as the basis for devising a more imaginative form of critical writing that might help to draw the history and practice of graphic design into a closer and more purposeful relation. (SR)

Baker, Steve



Berea College Graphics Style Guide  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Logo Type Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 College Athletic LogoBerea College Graphics Style Guide #12;2Questions about file reproduction? Contact Berea College Printing Services 985.3166 | General Questions? Contact Berea College Public Relations 985.3018 Need Help

Baltisberger, Jay H.


CourtesyofDisney Computer Graphics  

E-print Network

CourtesyofDisney Advances Computer Graphics Fit for a Princess How the laws of physics helped style Disney's newest star When the animators at Walt Disney Studios first dressed up Rapunzel, the long, a senior research scientist at Walt Disney Anima- tion Studios Research."But when a character wearing free

Millis, Andrew


The Titan Graphics Supercomputer Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design criteria for the Titan are outlined, and the hardware, architecture, and implementation developed to meet them are examined. The key architectural elements in Titan are described, and the reasoning behind their selection is presented. Titan's processor subsystem is explored, focusing on how it reduces the cost and complexity of graphics-specific hardware. The design constraints and implementation of the

Tom Diede; Carl F. Hagenmaier; Glen S. Miranker; Jonathan J. Rubinstein; William S. Worley Jr.



Advanced Computer Graphics 11 -Tessellation  

E-print Network

/09/06/a-trip-through-the-graphics-pipeline-2011-part-12/ OL0 = 1 OL1 = 2 OL2 = 3 OL3 = 4 OL0 = 1 OL1 = 2 OL2 = 3 IL1 = 2IL0 = 1 IL0 = 1 CSc 155 Lecture Notes 11 - Tessellation Simple Tessellation Control

Gordon, Scott


Graphical models and Bayesian analysis  

E-print Network

otherwise come to characterize Al-based decision- making systems" (AFM Smith) #12;Judea Pearl ­ 1983 #12Graphical models and Bayesian analysis David Spiegelhalter winton professor of the public was the 1970s #12;Bayesian statistics then · Elegant closed-form theory · Struggles with numerical integration

Guillas, Serge


Processing Information in Graphical Form.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory, descriptive study was to examine how children process different tasks of comprehension presented in graphical form. During the Spring 1981, 8 fourth graders and 9 seventh graders were interviewed. The children were presented with graphs accompanied by six questions reflecting three levels of comprehension: "reading…

Curcio, Frances R.; Smith-Burke, M. Trika


Graphical Models MLSS 2010, Canberra  

E-print Network

, H ,P: GMs can represent P(B,F,A,H,P) compactly Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal) with edges (note: graphical b/c graph properties CI) Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal=false ­ Want to know probability of B given evidence · Answer: evaluate P(B | H=true, P=false) Bubonic Plague

Sanner, Scott


Scalable Clustering Using Graphics Processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present new algorithms for scalable clustering using graph- ics processors. Our basic approach is based on k-means, but it reorders the way of determining object labels, and exploits the high computational power and pipeline of graphics processing units (GPUs). The core oper- ations in clustering algorithms, i.e., distance computing and comparison, are performed by utilizing the fragment vector processing

Feng Cao; Anthony K. H. Tung; Aoying Zhou



Consideration of vision and picture quality: psychological effects induced by picture sharpness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A psychological hierarchy model of human vision(1)(2) suggests that the visual signals are processed in a serial manner from lower to higher stages: that is "sensation" - "perception" - "emotion." For designing a future television system, it is important to find out what kinds of physical factors affect the "emotion" experienced by an observer in front of the display. This paper describes the psychological effects induced by the sharpness of the picture. The subjective picture quality was evaluated for the same pictures with five different levels of sharpness. The experiment was performed on two kinds of printed pictures: (A) a woman's face, and (B) a town corner. From these experiments, it was found that the amount of high-frequency peaking (physical value of the sharpness) which psychologically gives the best picture quality, differs between pictures (A) and (B). That is, the optimum picture sharpness differs depending on the picture content. From these results, we have concluded that the psychophysical sharpness of the picture is not only determined at the stage of "perception" (e.g., resolution or signal to noise ratio, which everyone can judge immediately), but also at the stage of "emotion" (e.g., sensation of reality or beauty).

Kusaka, Hideo



Botany in children's literature: A content analysis of plant-centered children's picture books that have a plot and characters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis study examined 36 plant-centered children's science picture books that have a plot and characters published from 1950 to present. Botanical subject matter and learning opportunities offered by these books were analyzed, along with the range and frequency of the National Science Education Standards-consistent and age-appropriate plant science concepts and principles. The science graphics, artistic innovations, and story

Sheila Lewis Goins



Interactive Computer Graphics Shiaofen Fang  

E-print Network

, at normal refreshing rate. #12;8 LCD (Liquid-Crystal Display) A flat-panel display. Producing a picture by passing polarized light from a light source through a liquid-crystal material that can be aligned, simulation data, etc. #12;3 Display devices Line-drawing displays (vector display) ­ Fast, accurate line

Fang, Shiaofen



NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site joins an already crowded field of portal/ multiple search engine sites. Like some of its peers, BigHub allows simultaneous searches of numerous engines, in this case nine, and includes several value-added features, such as stock quotes, news, weather reports, and free email. Unlike some of its competitors, BigHub also features a nice collection of specialty search engines in categories such as Arts & Humanities, Education, Government, News, and Science, among others. Search engines in each category are further organized by discipline. Although any such collection is inevitably subjective, users may find the site a useful tool to reduce their search time and gather more relevant results.


Worse than a big rip?  

E-print Network

We show that a generalised phantom Chaplygin gas can present a future singularity in a finite future cosmic time. Unlike the big rip singularity, this singularity happens for a finite scale factor, but like the big rip singularity, it would also take place at a finite future cosmic time. In addition, we define a dual of the generalised phantom Chaplygin gas which satisfies the null energy condition. Then, in a Randall-Sundrum 1 brane-world scenario, we show that the same kind of singularity at a finite scale factor arises for a brane filled with a dual of the generalised phantom Chaplygin gas.

Mariam Bouhmadi-Lopez; Pedro F. Gonzalez-Diaz; Prado Martin-Moruno



Was There A Big Bang?  

E-print Network

The big bang hypothesis is widely accepted despite numerous physics conflicts. It rests upon two experimental supports, galactic red shift and the cosmic microwave background. Both are produced by dark matter, shown here to be hydrogen dominated aggregates with a few percent of helium nodules. Scattering from these non-radiating intergalactic masses produce a red shift that normally correlates with distance. Warmed by our galaxy to an Eigenvalue of 2.735 K, drawn near the Earth, these bodies, kept cold by ablation, resonance radiate the Planckian microwave signal. Several tests are proposed that will distinguish between this model and the big bang.

Robert K. Soberman; Maurice Dubin



Little Science to Big Science: Big Scientists to Little Scientists?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Hisham B. Ghassib's essay entitled "Where Does Creativity Fit into a Productivist Industrial Model of Knowledge Production?" Professor Ghassib's (2010) essay presents a provocative portrait of how the little science of the Babylonians, Greeks, and Arabs became the Big Science of the modern industrial…

Simonton, Dean Keith



Microcomputer Simulated CAD for Engineering Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a simulated computer-aided-graphics (CAD) program at The Pennsylvania State University. Rationale for the program, facilities, microcomputer equipment (Apple) used, and development of a software package for simulating applied engineering graphics are considered. (JN)

Huggins, David L.; Myers, Roy E.



Freedom System Text and Graphics System (TAGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Text and Graphics System (TAGS) is a high-resolution facsimile system that scans text or graphics material and converts the analog SCAN data into serial digital data. This video shows the TAGS in operation.



The Computer Graphics Wars Heat Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the present status of computer graphics hardware. While console games flourished, PC game sales have plummeted. The plans of Nvidia and ATI, the 3D graphics world's two dominant players are described.



Approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models  

E-print Network

The focus of this thesis is approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models. A graphical model is a family of probability distributions in which the structure of interactions among the random variables is captured by a ...

Malioutov, Dmitry M., 1981-



General data base driven graphic animation system  

SciTech Connect

Most attempts at the graphic animation of data involve rather large and expensive development of problem-specific systems. This paper discusses a general graphics animation system designed to be a tool for the development of a wide variety of animated simulations. By incorporating device-independent graphics procedures and using relational database storage of graphics and control information, considerable flexibility in the design and development of animated displays is achieved. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Not Available



M theory model of a big crunch/big bang transition  

SciTech Connect

We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly and unambiguously across the orbifold plane collision. In particular we calculate the quantum mechanical production of winding M2-branes extending from one orbifold to the other. We find that the resulting density is finite and that the resulting gravitational backreaction is small. These winding states, which include the string theory graviton, can be propagated smoothly across the transition using a perturbative expansion in the membrane tension, an expansion which from the point of view of string theory is an expansion in inverse powers of {alpha}{sup '}. The conventional description of a crunch based on Einstein general relativity, involving Kasner or mixmaster behavior is misleading, we argue, because general relativity is only the leading order approximation to string theory in an expansion in positive powers of {alpha}{sup '}. In contrast, in the M theory setup we argue that interactions should be well behaved because of the smooth evolution of the fields combined with the fact that the string coupling tends to zero at the crunch. The production of massive Kaluza-Klein states should also be exponentially suppressed for small collision speeds. We contrast this good behavior with that found in previous studies of strings in Lorentzian orbifolds.

Turok, Neil; Perry, Malcolm [DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Steinhardt, Paul J. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Institute for Advanced Studies, Olden Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)



Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities  

E-print Network

This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

Zarate Santovena, Alejandro



Binghamton University Arts 410 Graphic Design III  

E-print Network

Graphic DesignIII Binghamton University 410Arts #12;Arts 410 Graphic Design III Instructor, Mike as possible, but, take your work seriously. #12;Arts 410 Graphic Design III Procedures and Requirements: 1 Wesko Office Hours: By appointment only Class Description: Arts 410 is a continuation of the Arts 310

Suzuki, Masatsugu


Mathematical Creative Activity and the Graphic Calculator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching mathematics using graphic calculators has been an issue of didactic discussions for years. Finding ways in which graphic calculators can enrich the development process of creative activity in mathematically gifted students between the ages of 16-17 is the focus of this article. Research was conducted using graphic calculators with…

Duda, Janina



Graphic Design Is Not a Medium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses graphic design and reviews its development from analog processes to a digital tool with the use of computers. Topics include graphical user interfaces; the need for visual communication concepts; transmedia as opposed to repurposing; and graphic design instruction in higher education. (LRW)

Gruber, John Edward, Jr.



Narrative Problems of Graphic Design History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three major accounts (by Philip Meggs, Enric Satue and Richard Hollis) of graphic design history. Notes that these texts address the history of graphic design, but each raises questions about what material to include, as well as how graphic design is both related to and distinct from other visual practices such as typography, art…

Margolin, Victor



The Word Frequency Effect in Picture Naming: Contrasting Two Hypotheses Using Homonym Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Models of speech production disagree on whether or not homonyms have a shared word-form representation. To investigate this issue, a picture-naming experiment was carried out using Dutch homonyms of which both meanings could be presented as a picture. Naming latencies for the low-frequency meanings of homonyms were slower than for those of the…

Shatzman, Keren B.; Schiller, Niels O.



Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures  

E-print Network

system: real-time automatic annotation of pictures Human evaluation on Web images Learning methodology D2 photos Jia Li, James Z. Wang #12;Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures ALIPR: Automatic,lake, rural, building tree, plant, people, water, garden animal, people, wild-life, dog, landscape Jia Li

Li, Jia


Picture or Text First? Explaining Sequence Effects When Learning with Pictures and Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article reviews 42 studies investigating the role of sequencing of text and pictures for learning outcomes. Whereas several of the reviewed studies revealed better learning outcomes from presenting the picture before the text rather than after it, other studies demonstrated the opposite effect. Against the backdrop of theories on…

Eitel, Alexander; Scheiter, Katharina



Picture recognition vs. picture discrimination learning in monkeys with medial temporal removals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three monkeys with complete ablations of temporal-lobe limbic structures and three unoperated controls were compared in an automated testing apparatus for their ability to remember pictures presented between 1 and 180 seconds previously, as well as to learn picture discriminations in which successive trials with a given pair were separated by either 20 seconds or 24 hours. The operated animals

W. H. Overman; G. Ormsby; M. Mishkin



More than Just Pictures: Using Picture Story Books To Broaden Young Learners' Social Consciousness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that picture story books meet the goals of social studies, promote social inquiry, and are compatible with social studies curriculum standards. Describes the use of picture story books in the classroom. Includes an annotated bibliography, and discussion of the bibliography, that is meant to encourage social consciousness in students five-…

Owens, William T.; Nowell, Linda S.



Is a Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words? Creating Effective Questionnaires with Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In developing attitudinal instruments for young children, researchers, program evaluators, and clinicians often use response scales with pictures or images (e.g., smiley faces) as anchors. This article considers connections between word-based and picture based Likert scales and highlights the value in translating conventions used in word-based…

Reynolds-Keefer, Laura; Johnson, Robert



Graphic Presentation: An Empirical Examination of the Graphic Novel Approach to Communicate Business Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic novels have been increasingly incorporated into business communication forums. Despite potential benefits, little research has examined the merits of the graphic novel approach. In response, we engage in a two-study approach. Study 1 explores the potential of graphic novels to affect learning outcomes and finds that the graphic novel was…

Short, Jeremy C.; Randolph-Seng, Brandon; McKenny, Aaron F.




Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Goldmine big bluestem [Andropogon gerardii Vitman.] (PI 641702) is a perennial warm-season grass cultivar that produces forage with moderately improved in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), protein concentration, and improved forage yields in some hay management systems and improved animal gain...



Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Bonanza big bluestem [Andropogon gerardii Vitman.] (PI 641701) is a broadly adapted perennial warm-season grass cultivar that produces forage with high in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) when grown in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5 and lower Plant Hardiness Zone 4 of the Central Plains and Midwe...


Big boost in UC Scholarships  

E-print Network

Big boost in UC Scholarships For students studying Science and Engineering at the University of Canterbury in 2012. Find out more at or phone 0800 VARSITY (0800 827 748 have excelled in Science and Maths subjects while at school. That's why we've increased our scholarship

Hickman, Mark


How Big Is a Foot?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math lesson, learners read the book "How Big Is a Foot?" by Rolf Myller to explore the need for a standard unit of measure. Students then create non-standard units (using their own footprints) and use the footprints to make "beds." This lesson guide includes a student activity sheet, questions for learners, assessment options, extensions, and reflection questions.



China: Big Changes Coming Soon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Big changes are ahead for China, probably abrupt ones. The economy has grown so rapidly for many years, over 30 years at an average of nine percent a year, that its size makes it a major player in trade and finance and increasingly in political and military matters. This growth is not only of great importance internationally, it is already having…

Rowen, Henry S.



Big bang theory under fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The very old big bang (BB) problems (of the singularity, smoothness, horizon, and flatness) and the failed solutions of inflation theory; newer BB problems relating to missing mass (as required for a flat inflationary universe), the age of the universe, radiation from the \\

W. C. Mitchell



The Case for "Big History."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges an approach to the teaching of history that takes the largest possible perspective, crossing time as well as space. Discusses the problems and advantages of such an approach. Describes a course on "big" history that begins with time, creation myths, and astronomy, and moves on to paleontology and evolution. (DK)

Christian, David



Big Math for Little Kids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big Math for Little Kids, a comprehensive program for 4- and 5-year-olds, develops and expands on the mathematics that children know and are capable of doing. The program uses activities and stories to develop ideas about number, shape, pattern, logical reasoning, measurement, operations on numbers, and space. The activities introduce the mathematical ideas in a coherent, carefully sequenced fashion, and

Carole Greenes; Herbert P Ginsburg; Robert Balfanz



Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF  


The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.




Big players and small players  

Microsoft Academic Search

The international mergers between large auditing firms which produced ‘The Big Six’ involved Danish auditing firms in a process of intense merger activity. In this article some aspects of the consequences are explored. An empirical study of concentration in the market for the audit of Danish quoted companies was made. There was a large increase in concentration between 1989 and

Merete Christiansen; Anne Loft



Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from  

E-print Network

Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from coastal habitat restoration America's coasts are vital to our-90% of the recreational fish catch. Restoring our coasts can create more than 30 jobs for each million dollars invested. That's more than twice as many jobs as the oil and gas and road construction industries combined


Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF  

SciTech Connect

The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.




Big Sky Geophysics: Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the website of Big Sky Geophysics presents four case studies in geophysical exploration. Each case study examines the use of a particular exploration method: electrical, GPR, gravity, and magnetic/EM. The case studies lay out the circumstances of the exploration, the science behind the method and then displays the data that was gathered during the exploration.

Clark Jorgenson



Microsoft Academic Search

The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about people, things, and their interactions. Diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing genetic sequences, social media interactions, health records, phone logs, government records,

danah boyd; Kate Crawford



How Big Is a Foot?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math lesson, learners read the book "How Big Is a Foot?" by Rolf Myller. Then, learners create non-standard units (using their own footprints) and use the footprints to make "beds." As a result, learners explore the need for a standard unit of measure. This lesson guide includes questions for learners, assessment options, extensions, and reflection questions.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics



1976 Big Thompson flood, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the early evening of July 31, 1976, a large stationary thunderstorm released as much as 7.5 inches of rainfall in about an hour (about 12 inches in a few hours) in the upper reaches of the Big Thompson River drainage. This large amount of rainfall in such a short period of time produced a flash flood that caught residents and tourists by surprise. The immense volume of water that churned down the narrow Big Thompson Canyon scoured the river channel and destroyed everything in its path, including 418 homes, 52 businesses, numerous bridges, paved and unpaved roads, power and telephone lines, and many other structures. The tragedy claimed the lives of 144 people. Scores of other people narrowly escaped with their lives. The Big Thompson flood ranks among the deadliest of Colorado's recorded floods. It is one of several destructive floods in the United States that has shown the necessity of conducting research to determine the causes and effects of floods. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducts research and operates a Nationwide streamgage network to help understand and predict the magnitude and likelihood of large streamflow events such as the Big Thompson Flood. Such research and streamgage information are part of an ongoing USGS effort to reduce flood hazards and to increase public awareness.

Jarrett, R. D., (compiler); Vandas, S.J.



Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog. Volume 2: Sequence design and picture coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of data relating to the Mariner 9 TV picture is presented. The data are arranged to offer speedy identification of what took place during entire science cycles, on individual revolutions, and during individual science links or sequences. Summary tables present the nominal design for each of the major picture-taking cycles, along with the sequences actually taken on each revolution. These tables permit identification at a glance, all TV sequences and the corresponding individual pictures for the first 262 revolutions (primary mission). A list of TV pictures, categorized according to their latitude and longitude, is also provided. Orthographic and/or mercator plots for all pictures, along with pertinent numerical data for their center points are presented. Other tables and plots of interest are also included. This document is based upon data contained in the Supplementary Experiment Data Record (SEDR) files as of 21 August 1972.

Koskela, P. E.; Helton, M. R.; Seeley, L. N.; Zawacki, S. J.



13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History  

E-print Network

Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12;Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12 years after Big Bang (> 13 Gyr old) #12;Earliest View of our Cosmos: the Universe 379,000 years after the Big Bang Cosmic Microwave Background WMAP CMB temperature map #12;the Universe: a Unique Astrophysical

Weijgaert, Rien van de


91Exploring the Big Bang with the LHC Moments after the Big Bang, the universe was  

E-print Network

91Exploring the Big Bang with the LHC Moments after the Big Bang, the universe was brilliantly hot into its individual parts, and we can re-create many of the original Big Bang conditions in our as they would have during the Big Bang. Physicists do this by using 'atom smashers' that accelerate individual


How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations)  

E-print Network

How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations) Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics experimental design doesn't matter #12;What's new in Big Data? · design still matters; experiments versus flu trends google-flu-trends-the-limits-of-big-data/ #12

Stark, Philip B.


Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science?  

E-print Network

Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science University Founder and President Voxsup Inc: A Big Data Science Company +1 312 515 2562 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS #12;Big Data ...Popular View.. Streaming.. 2© Alok

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar


Automated Selection Of Pictures In Sequences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Method of automated selection of film or video motion-picture frames for storage or examination developed. Beneficial in situations in which quantity of visual information available exceeds amount stored or examined by humans in reasonable amount of time, and/or necessary to reduce large number of motion-picture frames to few conveying significantly different information in manner intermediate between movie and comic book or storyboard. For example, computerized vision system monitoring industrial process programmed to sound alarm when changes in scene exceed normal limits.

Rorvig, Mark E.; Shelton, Robert O.



Ubiquitous picture-rich content representation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The amount of digital images taken by the average consumer is consistently increasing. People enjoy the convenience of storing and sharing their pictures through online (digital) and offline (traditional) media. A set of pictures can be uploaded to: online photo services, web blogs and social network websites. Alternatively, these images can be used to generate: prints, cards, photo books or other photo products. Through uploading and sharing, images are easily transferred from one format to another. And often, a different set of associated content (text, tags) is created across formats. For example, on his web blog, a user may journal his experiences of his recent travel; on his social network website, his friends tag and comment on the pictures; in his online photo album, some pictures are titled and keyword-tagged. When the user wants to tell a complete story, perhaps in a photo book, he must collect, across all formats: the pictures, writings and comments, etc. and organize them in a book format. The user has to arrange the content of his trip in each format. The arrangement, the associations between the images, tags, keywords and text, cannot be shared with other formats. In this paper, we propose a system that allows the content to be easily created and shared across various digital media formats. We define a uniformed data association structure to connect: images, documents, comments, tags, keywords and other data. This content structure allows the user to switch representation formats without reediting. The framework under each format can emphasize (display or hide) content elements based on preference. For example, a slide show view will emphasize the display of pictures with limited text; a blog view will display highlighted images and journal text; and the photo book will try to fit in all images and text content. In this paper, we will discuss the strategy to associate pictures with text content, so that it can naturally tell a story. We will also list sample solutions on different formats such as: picture view, blog view and photo book view.

Wang, Wiley; Dean, Jennifer; Muzzolini, Russ



The BigBoss Experiment  

SciTech Connect

BigBOSS is a Stage IV ground-based dark energy experiment to study baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the growth of structure with a wide-area galaxy and quasar redshift survey over 14,000 square degrees. It has been conditionally accepted by NOAO in response to a call for major new instrumentation and a high-impact science program for the 4-m Mayall telescope at Kitt Peak. The BigBOSS instrument is a robotically-actuated, fiber-fed spectrograph capable of taking 5000 simultaneous spectra over a wavelength range from 340 nm to 1060 nm, with a resolution R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} = 3000-4800. Using data from imaging surveys that are already underway, spectroscopic targets are selected that trace the underlying dark matter distribution. In particular, targets include luminous red galaxies (LRGs) up to z = 1.0, extending the BOSS LRG survey in both redshift and survey area. To probe the universe out to even higher redshift, BigBOSS will target bright [OII] emission line galaxies (ELGs) up to z = 1.7. In total, 20 million galaxy redshifts are obtained to measure the BAO feature, trace the matter power spectrum at smaller scales, and detect redshift space distortions. BigBOSS will provide additional constraints on early dark energy and on the curvature of the universe by measuring the Ly-alpha forest in the spectra of over 600,000 2.2 < z < 3.5 quasars. BigBOSS galaxy BAO measurements combined with an analysis of the broadband power, including the Ly-alpha forest in BigBOSS quasar spectra, achieves a FOM of 395 with Planck plus Stage III priors. This FOM is based on conservative assumptions for the analysis of broad band power (k{sub max} = 0.15), and could grow to over 600 if current work allows us to push the analysis to higher wave numbers (k{sub max} = 0.3). BigBOSS will also place constraints on theories of modified gravity and inflation, and will measure the sum of neutrino masses to 0.024 eV accuracy.

Schelgel, D.; Abdalla, F.; Abraham, T.; Ahn, C.; Allende Prieto, C.; Annis, J.; Aubourg, E.; Azzaro, M.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Baugh, C.; Bebek, C.; Becerril, S.; Blanton, M.; Bolton, A.; Bromley, B.; Cahn, R.; Carton, P.-H.; Cervanted-Cota, J.L.; Chu, Y.; Cortes, M.; /APC, Paris /Brookhaven /IRFU, Saclay /Marseille, CPPM /Marseille, CPT /Durham U. / /IEU, Seoul /Fermilab /IAA, Granada /IAC, La Laguna / /IAC, Mexico / / /Madrid, IFT /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys. / / /New York U. /Valencia U.



Image reproduction with interactive graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software application or development in optical image digital data processing requires a fast, good quality, yet inexpensive hard copy of processed images. To achieve this, a Cambo camera with an f 2.8/150-mm Xenotar lens in a Copal shutter having a Graflok back for 4 x 5 Polaroid type 57 pack-film has been interfaced to an existing Adage, AGT-30/Electro-Mechanical Research, EMR 6050 graphic computer system. Time-lapse photography in conjunction with a log to linear voltage transformation has resulted in an interactive system capable of producing a hard copy in 54 sec. The interactive aspect of the system lies in a Tektronix 4002 graphic computer terminal and its associated hard copy unit.

Buckner, J. D.; Council, H. W.; Edwards, T. R.



Generating Graphical Content for Comics  

E-print Network

Comics are a well-known visual medium that is perfectly suited to tell stories in an effective way. Traditional artists are capable of producing eye-catching and non-repetitive drawings. On the other hand, computer generated comics often result in a repetitive and unappealing drawing style that doesn’t attract the reader’s attention. Our goal is to use comics to generate summaries of story-based applications as a way to capture all the deepness of characters and plots. This paper analyses methods for automatically generating graphical content for comics. We identify common concepts and propose a Comic Strip Description Language to describe comic strips together with a system to graphically generate them. We believe that the expressive power added by comics is necessary to address the increasing complexity of characters and stories in order to achieve effective summaries.

Tiago Alves; Marco Vala


Judging Big Deals: Challenges, Outcomes, and Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of an analysis of five Big Deal electronic journal packages to which Hofstra University's Axinn Library subscribes. COUNTER usage reports were used to judge the value of each Big Deal. Limitations of usage statistics are also discussed. In the end, the author concludes that four of the five Big Deals are good…

Glasser, Sarah



Big Data in HPC Applications and  

E-print Network

Big Data in HPC Applications and Programming Abstractions Saba Sehrish Oct 3, 2012 #12;Big Data in Computational Science - Size Project On-line Data (TBytes) Off-line Data (TBytes) Supernovae Astrophysics 100, three of the top producer/consumers almost exclusively read existing data. 2 #12;Big Data

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar


Big Sagebrush Seed Bank Densities Following Wildfires  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Big sagebrush (Artemisia sp.) is a critical shrub to such sagebrush obligate species as sage grouse, (Centocercus urophasianus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis). Big sagebrush do not sprout after wildfires wildfires and big sagebrush seed is generally sho...


Presented by How Big Data Can Optimize  

E-print Network

Presented by How Big Data Can Optimize Transit Operations Wade Rosado, Director, Analytics Phil Silver, Director, Business Development October 24, 2014 #12;It's time for Big Data in public transit! #12;What predictive analytics can do ... Urban Insights Predictive Analytics Overview Big Data

Illinois at Chicago, University of

497 Big Data-  

E-print Network

2013, -,8.5.13 , #12;Big Data- -data science #12; When volume, velocity and variety of data exceed an organization's storage; , , " " ­ "" " " ,"" #12; ­ . . - Coursera­SNA,Data Science ,", IBM,SAS, -#big data, #bdw13, #smartdata #12;

Shamir, Ron


9/18/09 1:57 PMEgghead Blog Archive A Big Wave after the Big Bang? Page 1 of 3  

E-print Network

9/18/09 1:57 PMEgghead » Blog Archive » A Big Wave after the Big Bang? Page 1 of 3 A Big Wave after the Big Bang? August 18th, 2009 @ 2:06 pm than they ought to be. A "big wave," started after the Big Bang at the beginning of the universe

Temple, Blake


Graphics for the Calculus Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Douglas Arnold, Director of the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications in Minneapolis and Professor of Mathematics at the University of Minnesota, has posted this website of "excerpts from a collection of graphical demonstrations" he developed for first year calculus. Visitors will find an overview and animations for topics such as differentials and differences, computing volume, how a ball bounces, secants and tangents, a trigonometric limit, and the number e.


Big Data - Smart Health Strategies  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To select best papers published in 2013 in the field of big data and smart health strategies, and summarize outstanding research efforts. Methods A systematic search was performed using two major bibliographic databases for relevant journal papers. The references obtained were reviewed in a two-stage process, starting with a blinded review performed by the two section editors, and followed by a peer review process operated by external reviewers recognized as experts in the field. Results The complete review process selected four best papers, illustrating various aspects of the special theme, among them: (a) using large volumes of unstructured data and, specifically, clinical notes from Electronic Health Records (EHRs) for pharmacovigilance; (b) knowledge discovery via querying large volumes of complex (both structured and unstructured) biological data using big data technologies and relevant tools; (c) methodologies for applying cloud computing and big data technologies in the field of genomics, and (d) system architectures enabling high-performance access to and processing of large datasets extracted from EHRs. Conclusions The potential of big data in biomedicine has been pinpointed in various viewpoint papers and editorials. The review of current scientific literature illustrated a variety of interesting methods and applications in the field, but still the promises exceed the current outcomes. As we are getting closer towards a solid foundation with respect to common understanding of relevant concepts and technical aspects, and the use of standardized technologies and tools, we can anticipate to reach the potential that big data offer for personalized medicine and smart health strategies in the near future. PMID:25123721