These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Science's Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of science is a moving target, and its ever-shifting horizons can best be gleaned by the contents of scientific journals. However, the bigger picture of the scientific enterprise, which also encompasses its past, its future, and its overarching philosophies, can often be better represented through the more reflective pace of popular…

Sapp, Gregg

2007-01-01

2

1 The Big Picture in Review Retrievalforgetting  

E-print Network

) LTM = Synaptic changes: long-lasting encoding of memory (only strongly activated stuff is learned: Partial Report Temporary Memory Processes · Short-term Memory & the Modal Model · Working Memory1 The Big Picture in Review Sensory Memory (iconic, echoic..) Short-Term Memory (STM) Long

O'Reilly, Randall C.

3

Economic Value of Hunting Access Big Picture: Economics of Hunting... Hunting is Big Business!  

E-print Network

Economic Value of Hunting Access Big Picture: Economics of Hunting... Hunting is Big Business! ­ In the U.S., 12.5 million people hunted 220 million days in 2006, spending $23 billion ­ However, much less hunting experience Research Objective: Estimate demand for and value of recreational hunting experience

4

Big Picture: Number Crunching Ideas for further research  

E-print Network

gather data from. And if you're looking at caffeine intake, be careful about excessive stimulant use: Number Crunching. Data and the media Pages 12­13 of Big Picture: Number Crunching are all about the use there is a relationship between caffeine intake and reaction time, or anything else you would like to know the answer to

Rambaut, Andrew

5

Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato  

E-print Network

Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato NASA Goddard;Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* Jim Hansen March 11, 2009 Climate. Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture co-authors or colleagues providing data

Hansen, James E.

6

The Big Picture; A Classroom Activity for Organic Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the article "The Big Picture: A Classroom Activity for Organic Chemistry", Thomas Poon makes interesting use of the device exploited by Istvan Banyai in his Zoom books to help students of organic chemistry make connections between the molecular world and ways in which those molecules are important in daily life. The paper should have appeal at all levels of science education from the time the idea of molecules is first introduced through college-level courses. Along the way, students will encounter important biological molecules (such as chlorophyll), inks (such as pen ink), CFCs, hydrocarbon fuels, plastics (such as Lexan polycarbonate), and molecules with medical applications (such as aspirin and novocaine).

7

One Tenth of A Picture Is Worth A Hundred Words Partially-Graphic Ways of Conveying Information  

E-print Network

1 One Tenth of A Picture Is Worth A Hundred Words Partially-Graphic Ways of Conveying Information's much truth to the old saw, "a picture is worth a thousand words". It applies to teaching the STEM like a picture in the normal sense, and that's what I mean by "one-tenth of a picture": using graphic

Indiana University

8

Lesson ideas for Big Picture: Inside the Brain Big Picture: Inside the Brain explores how imaging research has changed the way we look inside one of our  

E-print Network

potentials being generated? (ii) What is the name given to the period of time where the stimulated area of the membrane recovers from the action potential being generated? (e) What does the `all-or-nothing law the situations outlined as the starting point for a debate. The new Big Picture Debates the Brain app is designed

Rambaut, Andrew

9

The big picture? Video and the representation of interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers who use video to record interactions usually need to translate the video data into another medium at some stage in order to facilitate its analysis and dissemination. This article considers some methodological issues that arise in this process by examining transcripts, diagrams and pictures as examples of different techniques for representing interaction. These examples are used to identify some

Lydia Plowman; Christine Stephen

2008-01-01

10

The Big Picture? Video and the Representation of Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers who use video to record interactions usually need to translate the video data into another medium at some stage in order to facilitate its analysis and dissemination. This article considers some methodological issues that arise in this process by examining transcripts, diagrams and pictures as examples of different techniques for…

Plowman, Lydia; Stephen, Christine

2008-01-01

11

Astronomers paint the big picture and fill in the blanks.  

PubMed

Pittsburgh-Most everything in astronomy is big. But the truly outsized features of the universe-vast filaments of galaxies and its great dark voids-were highlighted when 772 researchers gathered here on 11-15 June for the 186th meeting of the American Astronomical Society. Talks included a new explanation for the large-scale "tapestry" of the universe and a new glimpse of what may fill its voids. PMID:17797523

Glanz, J

1995-06-30

12

Snapshots Form a Big Picture of Guanine Nucleotide Exchange  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) regulate a vast array of cellular functions. Their highly controlled activation, which is catalyzed by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), links input signals emanating from various events such as stimulation of cell surface receptors to a similarly diverse range of downstream responses. Due to the central role of GEFs in the regulation of GTPase-mediated signaling processes, their mode of action has been intensively investigated. A new structural study on the DOCK family of Rho family–specific GEFs now uncovers an unusual variation in the way in which GEFs can regulate the nucleotide status of GTPases and provides the most complete picture of a GDP-GTP exchange cycle to date.

Katrin Rittinger (London;MRC-National Institute for Medical Research REV)

2009-10-06

13

Physics 227 Lecture 1 1 Autumn 2008 Lecture 1 Introduction The Big Picture  

E-print Network

in classical mechanics, quantum mechanics and electromagnetism (and in other subject areas that wePhysics 227 Lecture 1 1 Autumn 2008 Lecture 1 Introduction ­ The Big Picture Let's begin of the mass in the form 0 0 0cosx t x t . Note, in particular, the appearance of 2 arbitrary constants

Ellis, Steve

14

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining  

E-print Network

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~agray/6240spr11 IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

Gray, Alexander

15

Hubble's Really Big Picture http://skyandtelescope.com/printable/news/article_1155.asp 1 of 2 08/06/04 16:54  

E-print Network

's not just pretty pictures: the survey, known as GEMS (Galaxy Evolution from Morphology and Spectral energy effects can draw interstellar gas toward the core of the galaxy #12;Hubble's Really Big Picture httpHubble's Really Big Picture http://skyandtelescope.com/printable/news/article_1155.asp 1 of 2 08

16

When a Picture Is Worth More Than a Thousand WordsGraphic versus Algebraic Sensitivity Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative applications of policy analysis has been limited by the mathematical basis upon which it is founded. Policymakers may be skeptical of advice based on methods they do not fully comprehend. Graphically displaying the results enhances the ability of less quantitative policy actors to understand the meaning of common and, in many cases, inexpensive microcomputer spreadsheet programs available today. As

C. E. Teasley

1989-01-01

17

Seeing big things: overestimation of heights is greater for real objects than for objects in pictures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In six experiments we demonstrate that the vertical-horizontal illusion that is evoked when viewing photographs and line drawings is relatively small, whereas the magnitude of this illusion when large objects are viewed is at least twice as great. Furthermore, we show that the illusion is due more to vertical overestimation than horizontal underestimation. The lack of a difference in vertical overestimation between pictures and line drawings suggests that vertical overestimation in pictures depends solely on the perceived physical size of the projection on the picture surface, rather than on what is apparent about an object's represented size. The vertical-horizontal illusion is influenced by perceived physical size. It is greater when viewing large objects than small pictures of these same objects, even when visual angles are equated.

Yang, T. L.; Dixon, M. W.; Proffitt, D. R.; Kaiser, M. K. (Principal Investigator)

1999-01-01

18

Graphics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An art teacher described an elective course in graphics which was designed to enlarge a student's knowledge of value, color, shape within a shape, transparency, line and texture. This course utilized the technique of working a multi-colored print from a single block that was first introduced by Picasso. (Author/RK)

Post, Susan

1975-01-01

19

"Pictures with a purpose": the birth control debate on the big screen.  

PubMed

In the first half of the twentieth century, birth control advocates used the mass media to reframe contraception from a private, secret matter to an acceptable part of life fit for public discussion. Although their campaign began in print, they quickly embraced the more far-reaching medium of film to deliver their message. This article argues that birth control advocates circumvented the Comstock Act in the early decades of the twentieth century by taking up this new medium as part of a long-running strategy to publicize the birth control movement. Their efforts shaped both the public debate on the topic and the development of motion picture censorship. PMID:22250312

Parry, Manon

2011-01-01

20

Lesson ideas for Food and Diet Big Picture: Food and Diet explores current research and associated societal issues about food production  

E-print Network

://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/documentaries/features/edwardian-supersize- me.shtml). Launch an advertising campaign Lots of adverts for food items make claims aboutLesson ideas for Food and Diet Big Picture: Food and Diet explores current research and associated societal issues about food production and consumption. Here are some ideas for further activities you could

Rambaut, Andrew

21

Lesson ideas for Exercise, Energy and Movement Big Picture: Exercise, Energy and Movement explores the biological systems that keep us moving and  

E-print Network

have produced a guide to running a debate on the use of performance-enhancing drugs at www.debatingmatters.com/topicguides/topicguide/drugs the body uses energy during their sport and design a training programme based on their findings. Drugs in sport Some of the issues around drugs in sport are explored on p. 12 of Big Picture. Debating Matters

Rambaut, Andrew

22

The World in Words and Pictures: How Graphic Novels Can Help to Increase Reading Comprehension for Students with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of graphic novels to engage students has increased steadily in recent years. School librarians and teachers throughout elementary, middle, and secondary schools are integrating graphic novels into English language arts learning and across the curriculum. The growing acceptance of graphic novels in teaching and learning activities is due in…

White, Britt

2011-01-01

23

The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of chemistry in daily life of the students is discussed. The approach provides a connection between the details of molecular structure, bonding and reactivity with many aspects of the impact of chemistry on the society.

Coleman, William F.

2004-01-01

24

Big Picture Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some experts suggest that people who are underrepresented in science often have difficulty expressing their ideas and participating in classrooms where traditional methods of instruction are used because they may feel uncomfortable with the limited roles

Behm, Charlotte

2001-03-01

25

Temporal changes in methane stable isotopes in polar ice cores: big picture and implications for ecosystem changes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane (CH4) is the third most important greenhouse gas after water vapour and carbon dioxide (CO2). Since the industrial revolution the mixing ratio of CH4 in the atmosphere rose to ~1800 ppb, a value never reached within the last 800 000 years. Nowadays, CH4 contributes ~20% to the total radiative forcing from all of the long-lived greenhouse gases. This CH4 increase can only be assessed in relation to natural methane changes in the past. Firn air and air enclosures in polar ice cores represent the only direct paleoatmospheric archive. The latter show that atmospheric CH4 concentrations changed in concert with northern hemisphere temperature during both glacial/interglacial transitions as well as rapid climate changes (Dansgaard-Oeschger events), however, the sources of the methane concentration changes are still a matter of debate. Stable isotopes of methane (?13CH4 and ?D(CH4)) may help to distinguish differences in the magnitude of source type emissions (e.g. Bock et al. 2010). However, recently we could show that it is difficult to interpret the atmospheric loading of methane by relative source mix changes alone (Möller et al. 2013). In fact it appears, that the carbon isotopic signature (?13CH4) of e.g. tropical wetlands undergoes drastic shifts connected to climate, CO2, sea level or potentially other unknown processes. Here we present the big picture derived from the EDML (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica, Dronning Maud Land) and Vostok ice cores (Möller et al. 2013) and additional new dual isotope data from 4 ice cores from both poles that cover three interglacials: the Holocene, MIS 5 and MIS 11. The contribution sheds light on our current understanding of methane biogeochemistry and discusses open questions. References: Bock, M., J. Schmitt, L. Möller, R. Spahni, T. Blunier, H. Fischer (2010). 'Hydrogen Isotopes Preclude Marine Hydrate CH4 Emissions at the Onset of Dansgaard-Oeschger Events', Science, 328, 1686-1689 Möller, L., T. Sowers, M. Bock, R. Spahni, M. Behrens, J. Schmitt, H. Miller and H. Fischer (2013). "Independent variations of CH4 emissions and isotopic composition over the past 160,000 years" Nature Geoscience, 10.1038/ngeo1922. Bock, M., J. Schmitt, J. Beck, R. Schneider, H. Fischer (2013). "Improving accuracy and precision of ice core ?D(CH4) analyses using methane pre- and hydrogen post-pyrolysis trapping and subsequent chromatographic separation', Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 6, 11279-11307, doi:10.5194/amtd-6-11279-2013, 2013. Schmitt J., B. Seth, M. Bock and H. Fischer (2014). "Online technique for isotope and mixing ratios of CH4, N2O, Xe and mixing ratios of organic trace gases on a single ice core sample', submitted to Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.

Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Seth, Barbara; Beck, Jonas; Fischer, Hubertus

2014-05-01

26

Streamlining the discovery, evaluation, and integration of data, models, and decision support systems: a big picture view (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

21st century environmental problems are wicked and require holistic systems thinking and solutions that integrate social and economic knowledge with knowledge of the environment. Computer-based technologies are fundamental to our ability to research and understand the relevant systems and to provide assessors and decision makers with appropriate data, tools, and strategies. There are significant science and technology challenges being confronted in an effort to streamline the movement of knowledge from its research and experience-based sources to its decision endpoints. In this presentation we explore this continuum and attempt to articulate a holistic and coherent picture of the relationship among the myriad elements of the environmental problem solving landscape. This is done in the hope that this view will enhance the ability of all environmental stakeholders to express their individual contributions in a technological form that will be accessible and usable to the greater community.

Laniak, G.

2013-12-01

27

The Big Picture on Big Holes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lately we have seen quite a few Microsoft vulnerabilities — the most noteworthy being the Object Data vulnerability, which Microsoft attempted to fix with the patches in security bulletin MS03-032. The Object Data vulnerability is extremely easy to exploit — like MS01-020 which is still being exploited by many viruses (e.g. ‘Swen’ currently roaming the Internet). The vulnerability has already

Thomas Kristensen

2003-01-01

28

Global power: The big picture  

SciTech Connect

In this presentation, the author reviews the current activity in global power (GP) based on the most recent data gathered by Hagler Bailly which has maintained for the last five years a very comprehensive data base on global power transactions and project announcements. The firm has also worked with dozens of global power companies since 1990. The presentation reviews the trends in the number of GP closings for 1992-1995 and gives a preview of what the worldwide pipeline of activities looks like for the next 4-5 years. The analysis covers all GP activities (i.e., generation, distribution and transmission) as well as the various types of transactions that are taking place (i.e., greenfield projects, privatizations, secondary purchases). Key country markets are also highlighted. The author also presents a review of recent positive and negative developments in terms of regulatory changes, project cost trends, developers` project experiences, and financing issues. This systematic review serves as a preamble to the author`s projection of future GP market activity (e.g., number of closings by type of project through 2000). Finally, the author presents an updated view of the competition in the GP market including the number and various types of competitors; the newcomers; the winners and the losers; and the changes in leaders` market shares.

Poirier, J.L. [Hagler Bailly Consulting, Arlington, VA (United States)

1996-12-31

29

Automatic production of tactile graphics from scalable vector graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method to convert vector graphics into tactile representations for the blind. Generating tactile pictures from vector graphics is an important effort to bring more accessibility to the WWW as well as other means of communications since vector graphics are an increasing trend in web based graphics. Prior research has investigated methods that extracts object boundaries from

Stephen E. Krufka; Kenneth E. Barner

2005-01-01

30

The lack of a big picture in tuberculosis: the clinical point of view, the problems of experimental modeling and immunomodulation. The factors we should consider when designing novel treatment strategies  

PubMed Central

This short review explores the large gap between clinical issues and basic science, and suggests why tuberculosis research should focus on redirect the immune system and not only on eradicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus. Along the manuscript, several concepts involved in human tuberculosis are explored in order to understand the big picture, including infection and disease dynamics, animal modeling, liquefaction, inflammation and immunomodulation. Scientists should take into account all these factors in order to answer questions with clinical relevance. Moreover, the inclusion of the concept of a strong inflammatory response being required in order to develop cavitary tuberculosis disease opens a new field for developing new therapeutic and prophylactic tools in which destruction of the bacilli may not necessarily be the final goal. PMID:24592258

Vilaplana, Cristina; Cardona, Pere-Joan

2014-01-01

31

The lack of a big picture in tuberculosis: the clinical point of view, the problems of experimental modeling and immunomodulation. The factors we should consider when designing novel treatment strategies.  

PubMed

This short review explores the large gap between clinical issues and basic science, and suggests why tuberculosis research should focus on redirect the immune system and not only on eradicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus. Along the manuscript, several concepts involved in human tuberculosis are explored in order to understand the big picture, including infection and disease dynamics, animal modeling, liquefaction, inflammation and immunomodulation. Scientists should take into account all these factors in order to answer questions with clinical relevance. Moreover, the inclusion of the concept of a strong inflammatory response being required in order to develop cavitary tuberculosis disease opens a new field for developing new therapeutic and prophylactic tools in which destruction of the bacilli may not necessarily be the final goal. PMID:24592258

Vilaplana, Cristina; Cardona, Pere-Joan

2014-01-01

32

Nature Picture Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While a commercial enterprise, the Nature Picture Library offers viewers free online access to thousands of high-resolution photographs in its database. Containing fantastic shots of flora and fauna in settings of every variety, the Nature Picture Library is a great graphic resource for those in search of images of the natural world. Images can be purchased for direct downloads or can be stored online for free by registered users in lightboxes of their own design. The picture library allows registrants to create and store as many as fifty lightboxes for online consultation. A great way to see the world and all its creatures, the Nature Picture Library is sure to provoke awe, admiration, and devotion from users of every age.

2002-01-01

33

Picture Post  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Picture Post Network involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. Digital photographs - taken from the same location and positioned in the same direction and orientation - allow individuals, schools, organizations, communities and scientists to monitor a variety of environmental parameters, including plant health, growth, and phenology; erosion and deposition; water levels; and cloud and canopy cover. Participants study change over time in their local area, view NASA satellite imagery on the same days as the pictures, and contribute towards improving their own communities. The website provides instructions for participating, including planning and installing a picture post, monitoring projects, and taking and uploading pictures, and a repository of images. Picture Posts may be added by anyone interested in monitoring a particular location. Currently, Picture Posts sites are active at science centers, schoolyards and gardens, local parks, and nature reserves.

34

Perceiving pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

I aim to give a new account of picture perception: of the way our visual system functions when we see something in a picture.\\u000a My argument relies on the functional distinction between the ventral and dorsal visual subsystems. I propose that it is constitutive\\u000a of picture perception that our ventral subsystem attributes properties to the depicted scene, whereas our dorsal

Bence Nanay

35

Introducing Students to "The Big Picture."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business students view commercial films depicting management issues such as hostile takeover, organizational culture, and international business competition. Lectures, readings, and interviews give students background information with which to assess the films. The technique enables students to observe and understand stakeholder interactions in…

Roth, Lawrence

2001-01-01

36

Internet QoS: a big picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for the emerging Internet quality of service (QoS). All the important components of this framework-integrated services, RSVP, differentiated services, multiprotocol label switching (MPLS), and constraint-based routing-are covered. We describe what integrated services and differentiated services are, how they can be implemented, and the problems they have. We then describe why MPLS and constraint-based routing have been

Xipeng Xiao; Lionel M. Ni

1999-01-01

37

1 The Big Picture in Review Retrievalforgetting  

E-print Network

Repressed Memories How does a therapist know if a memory is repressed if it is still repressed!? Hypnosis, guided imagery. Problems here, anyone? Implanting false memories! Under hypnosis, S's told about a door lie 25% (vs. 68% for true). 8 Clinical Implications Therapists attitudes on hypnosis-induced memories

O'Reilly, Randall C.

38

Bucks, Benefits, and Bargaining: The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the results of a national survey of 1,146 randomly selected school systems includes data on salaries and salary increases for school administrators (primarily principals) and teachers. A review of principals' contracts includes examples of health benefits, auto insurance, and other clauses. (Author/DS)

Pharis, William L.; Keller, Edward P.

1978-01-01

39

Computing and Information Retrieval The Big Picture  

E-print Network

Franklin's public libraries 1872 Dewey's decimal system Card catalog 1940s-1950s Computer 1960s Salton Model (1960s and 1970s) Gerard Salton's Information Retrieval System SMART: System for the Mechanical Analysis and Retrieval of Text (Salton's Magical Automatic Retriever of Text) · turn n textual documents

Kunkle, Tom

40

RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT VISUALIZATION AND GRAPHIC DESIGN  

E-print Network

RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT SERVICES #12;VISUALIZATION AND GRAPHIC DESIGN RDS recognizes that a picture include consultation on conceptual approaches and illustration, animation, and graphic design. Depending and animators. Generally, RDS funds one-half of the cost of consultation, and of graphic design, animation

41

Big Society, Big Deal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political leaders like to put forward guiding ideas or themes which pull their individual decisions into a broader narrative. For John Major it was Back to Basics, for Tony Blair it was the Third Way and for David Cameron it is the Big Society. While Mr. Blair relied on Lord Giddens to add intellectual weight to his idea, Mr. Cameron's legacy idea…

Thomson, Alastair

2011-01-01

42

The Big Bang Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These activities demonstrate that taking a given mass of material and applying a force to it can produce a pattern that replicates the material patterns noted when applying the Big Bang Theory. Students will be able to explain how the Big Bang Theory can explain the origin of the universe, demonstrate (using graphical analysis) how different masses react to the same force, describe patterns observed when force is applied to different masses, identify what material types could represent bodies of the universe, and equate material colors of the visible spectrum as they relate to the elements found in celestial bodies.

43

Picture Postage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the popularity of e-mail cutting into revenues, Canada Post is always searching for a marketing strategy that would encourage people to use the mail. "Picture Postage" is such an initiative. This popular program allows individuals to create their own stamps for family and friends. This opportunity also provides a vehicle for businesses to…

Osterer, Irv

2009-01-01

44

Hot big bang or slow freeze?  

E-print Network

We confront the big bang for the beginning of the universe with an equivalent picture of a slow freeze - a very cold and slowly evolving universe. In the freeze picture the masses of elementary particles increase and the gravitational constant decreases with cosmic time, while the Newtonian attraction remains unchanged. The freeze and big bang pictures both describe the same observations or physical reality. We present a simple "crossover model" without a big bang singularity. In the infinite past space-time is flat. Our model is compatible with present observations, describing the generation of primordial density fluctuations during inflation as well as the present transition to a dark energy dominated universe.

C. Wetterich

2014-01-21

45

Hot big bang or slow freeze?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We confront the big bang for the beginning of the universe with an equivalent picture of a slow freeze - a very cold and slowly evolving universe. In the freeze picture the masses of elementary particles increase and the gravitational constant decreases with cosmic time, while the Newtonian attraction remains unchanged. The freeze and big bang pictures both describe the same observations or physical reality. We present a simple “crossover model” without a big bang singularity. In the infinite past space-time is flat. Our model is compatible with present observations, describing the generation of primordial density fluctuations during inflation as well as the present transition to a dark energy-dominated universe.

Wetterich, C.

2014-09-01

46

Business Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Genigraphics Corporation's Masterpiece 8770 FilmRecorder is an advanced high resolution system designed to improve and expand a company's in-house graphics production. GRAFTIME/software package was designed to allow office personnel with minimal training to produce professional level graphics for business communications and presentations. Products are no longer being manufactured.

1987-01-01

47

Cover Picture.  

PubMed

The cover picture shows nanometer-thin elastomeric membranes made from polyisobutene star polymers with ionic head groups. Spreading of the polymers onto a water surface yields fluid monolayers. These can be transferred to cover openings in solid substrates. After transfer, the ionic head groups aggregate, cross-link the membrane, and thus give rise to elastomeric properties. For example applying a small overpressure from one side gives rise to comparatively large, reversible deformations. These elastomeric membranes could be used in micromechanical devices such as membrane pumps and valves. More details on these membranes are reported by F. Mallwitz and W. Goedel on pages 2645 ff. PMID:11458344

Mallwitz, Frank; Goedel, Werner A.

2001-07-16

48

Cover Picture.  

PubMed

The cover picture shows the metalloporphyrin heterodimer [(tpp)Mo$\\rm{\\mathop{-}^{4}}$Re(oep)](+) with the novel [Mo$\\rm{\\mathop{-}^{4}}$Re](5+) core. The core represents the first example of a quadruple bond between elements of different triads, thus proving that heterometallic quadruple bonds are not limited to the Group 6 metals. From the space-filling model it is clear that there is no interaction between the stabilizing porphyrin ligands. The ORTEP plot in a projection along the Re-Mo axis emphasizes the perfectly eclipsed geometry of the porphyrins, which is unambiguous proof of the existence of the quadruple bond in the solid state. The diamagnetism and large magnetic anisotropy of the cation, as determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, indicate that the quadruple bond is retained in solution. A logical and well-defined synthetic route was used to synthesize the dimer, and can be extended to other metalloporphyrins to generate further novel quadruple bonds (the picture was generated by Marina Boulan, St. Petersburg, Russia), full details are reported by J. P. Collman et al. on p. 1271 ff. PMID:11301419

Collman, James P.; Boulatov, Roman; Jameson, Geoffrey B.

2001-04-01

49

Computer Graphics & Digital Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computer graphics is a term that encompasses a wide range of sciences and techniques. To understand some of the processes involved in generating computer graphics, Cornell University offers this detailed introduction to the subject (1). The site contains explanations and a series of pictures that illustrate object rendering, shading, ray tracing, and more. Computer graphics has seen rapid advancements in the past few years, partly because of the development of dedicated graphics processing units (GPUs). The performance of GPUs has outpaced that of general purpose processors, and this has sparked interest in using GPUs for applications other than graphics. General Purpose Computation Using Graphics Hardware (2) is a site that examines this trend. It is regularly updated with news, links to conferences and research papers, and related projects. The Center for Human Modeling and Simulation (3) is a research effort at the University of Pennsylvania. Many of the center's projects can be browsed on its website, including animation of physical gestures and the development of virtual humans. As a testament to the intricacy involved in modern computer graphics, this paper (4) describes a new technique for modeling the shine of light off human hair. The authors compare the results of their work to current shading practices and show notable improvements in the realism of the model. Three dimensional photography, a recent extension of computer graphics, has received significant attention from its use in movies. This paper (5) proposes a number of strategies for improving the accuracy and flexibility of current approaches to 3D photography. The 30th annual SIGGRAPH conference, held in July 2003 and sponsored by the Association for Computing Machinery, is one of the most well known conferences related to computer graphics. The SIGGRAPH Web Expo (6) showcases some of the most outstanding web-graphics work of the year. Visitors can choose between seven different categories and view many interactive and visually stunning creations. Some of the works have strict hardware and software requirements that are required in order to view them, however. This online review of the SIGGRAPH conference (7) provides an interesting view into the events and presentations. Scattered throughout the text are examples of computer generated images, as well as links to some of the papers and projects that were featured. Lastly, this news article (8) introduces machinima, a term used to describe special effects in movies that are created with technologies originally developed for computer games. The Machinima Film Festival 2003 is the basis of the article.

2003-01-01

50

Untapped Potential: Fulfilling the Promise of Big Brothers Big Sisters and the Bigs and Littles They Represent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American children represent a great untapped potential in our country. For many young people, choices are limited and the goal of a productive adulthood is a remote one. This report paints a picture of who these children are, shares their insights and reflections about the barriers they face, and offers ways forward for Big Brothers Big Sisters as…

Bridgeland, John M.; Moore, Laura A.

2010-01-01

51

Picture Processing by Computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques for processing pictorial information by computer are surveyed. The topics covered include efficient encoding and approximation; position-invariant operations and applications; picture properties useful for pattern recognition; picture segmentation and geometrical properties of picture subsets; picture descrlptmn and \\

Azriel Rosenfeld

1969-01-01

52

15. UPSTREAM VIEW (PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN) SHOWING BIG DALTON DAM NEAR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. UPSTREAM VIEW (PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN) SHOWING BIG DALTON DAM NEAR FULL CAPACITY AFTER CONSTRUCTION. PICTURE WAS DEVELOPED FROM COPY NEGATIVES WHICH WERE TAKEN ON 2-15-1973 BY PHOTOGRAPHER D. MEIER OF L.A. COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

53

11. VIEW OF UPSTREAM ELEVATION OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF UPSTREAM ELEVATION OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF THE ARCH WALLS, TAKEN ON SEPTEMBER 11, 1928 (PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN). PICTURE WAS DEVELOPED FROM COPY NEGATIVES WHICH WERE TAKEN ON 6/5/1973 BY PHOTOGRAPHER GATSON OF L.A. COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

54

13. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM ELEVATION OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. VIEW OF DOWNSTREAM ELEVATION OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF THE ARCHES AND ARCH WALLS TAKEN IN 1928-1929 (PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN). PICTURE WAS DEVELOPED FROM COPY NEGATIVES WHICH WERE TAKEN ON 2-15-1973 BY PHOTOGRAPHER D. MEIER OF L.A. COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

55

Visualizing the quantum interaction picture in phase space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a graphical example of the interaction picture-time evolution. Our aim is to help students understand in a didactic manner the simplicity that this picture provides. Visualizing the interaction picture unveils its advantages, which are hidden behind the involved mathematics. Specifically, we show that the time evolution of a driven harmonic oscillator in the interaction picture corresponds to a local transformation of a phase space-reference frame into the one that is co-rotating with the Wigner function.

Mehmani, Bahar; Aiello, Andrea

2012-09-01

56

Graphical Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical applications in fields such as bioinformatics, information retrieval, speech processing, image processing and communications often involve large-scale models in which thousands or millions of random variables are linked in complex ways. Graphical models provide a general methodology for approaching these problems, and indeed many of the models developed by researchers in these applied fields are instances of the general

Michael I. Jordan

2004-01-01

57

M theory model of a big crunch\\/big bang transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly

Neil Turok; Malcolm Perry; Paul J. Steinhardt

2004-01-01

58

Graphics packages for teaching graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and implementation of graphics packages has been widely studied and discussed. The special needs of the teaching environment change the requirements of a package in some interesting ways because the details usually hidden from the user are of interest to the students. Here the design of such a package is considered. In order to identify the needs of

John E. Rager

1986-01-01

59

Big Heads  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If somebody is really smart, other people might say: "She's got a really big brain." But when it comes to brains, does size really matter? In this Science Update, you'll hear the complicated answer to that simple question.

Science Update;

2003-04-07

60

Visualization and picture processing of turbulent flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tracer method was used to visualize the three-dimensional structure of turbulent open-channel flow. A horizontal cross-section of the flow was illuminated by light passing through a thin slit. The illuminated cross-section was shifted upward, and at the time, successive pictures of flow patterns were taken. The picture-taking system was then shifted in downstream direction to follow the flow structures. The pictures obtained were processed by computer. Various kinds of physical properties of the flow were quantitatively evaluated and displayed as graphical outputs. These results contribute to the elucidation of the three-dimensional structure of turbulent open-channel flows.

Utami, T.; Ueno, T.

1984-03-01

61

The Oxford Picture Dictionary. Beginning Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The beginning workbook of the Oxford Picture Dictionary is in full color and offers vocabulary reinforcement activities that correspond page for page with the dictionary. Clear and simple instructions with examples make it suitable for independent use in the classroom or at home. The workbook has up-to-date art and graphics, explaining over 3700…

Fuchs, Marjorie

62

Transform picture coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Picture coding by first dividing the picture into sub-pictures and then performing a linear transformation on each sub-picture cud quantizing and coding the resulting coefficients is introduced from a heuristic point of view. Various transformation, quantization, and coding strategies are discussed. A survey of all known applications of these techniques to monochromatic image coding is presented along with a summary

P. A. Wintz

1972-01-01

63

Graphic Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Graphic Groundwater (GGW) is a graphical user-interface for the USGS ground water modeling code MODFLOW. It allows the user to start with a topographic map, build a model grid directly on the map, enter hydraulic properties into grid cells as one would into a spreadsheet, click on the grid to enter the positions of water wells, and (among other things) track imaginary "particles" that would flow into the well from the surrounding area. GGW was created by Steve Esling at Southern Illinois University/Carbondale. Students delineate the area from which a well will draw recharge during a five-year period. It's a practical problem and one that allows them to put together geologic skills (reading maps, drawing cross sections) with hydrogeologic concepts (recharge area, ground water flow, hydraulic properties of earth materials) to produce something that would be meaningful to a community zoning or planning board. The students control the whole look and shape of the visualization and can alter variables at will to experiment with how each change affects ground water flow.

Sanders, Laura

64

Classic Classroom Activities: The Oxford Picture Dictionary Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher resource book offers over 100 reproducible communicative practice activities and 768 picture cards based on the vocabulary of the Oxford Picture Dictionary. Teacher's notes and instructions, including adaptations for multilevel classes, are provided. The activities book has up-to-date art and graphics, explaining over 3700 words. The…

Weiss, Renee; Adelson-Goldstein, Jayme; Shapiro, Norma

65

Thermal Camera Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page includes pictures taken with an infrared camera. Though the pictures include very little explanation, they do demonstrate some properties of light, including reflection, as well as conduction of heat.

Falstad, Paul

2004-11-28

66

Big Data\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

s, and financial econometricanalyses of asset return dynamics, which have been similarly transformed by the availability of tick-by-tick data for thousands of assets.From the vantage point of the examples sketched above, the Reichlin and Watson papers don'tanalyze really Big Data, but they certainly represent a movement of macroeconometrics in that direction.In traditional small-data macroeconometric environments such as Stock and Watson

Francis X. Diebold

67

Picture-hanging puzzles  

E-print Network

We show how to hang a picture by wrapping rope around n nails, making a polynomial number of twists, such that the picture falls whenever any k out of the n nails get removed, and the picture remains hanging when fewer ...

Demaine, Erik D.

2012-01-01

68

Researching with Pictures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a class activity in which students gathered pictures and wrote and recorded narration relating to the first successful flight by the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Notes that, in the process of gathering pictures, the students were motivated to read the information accompanying the pictures. (RS)

Wildman, Diane

1990-01-01

69

Big Bang, Big Data, Big Computers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conference website: http://www.apc.univ-paris7.fr/APC/Conferences/Workshop_Big3/Home.html Observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation have transformed modern cosmology propelling it into high-precision, data-driven science it is today. CMB data analysis has been a cornerstone of this transformation and it continues in this role preparing currently to meet its possibly ultimate challenge as posed by ever-growing in size and complexity forthcoming data sets required by new science goals posed for the field. These include providing key pieces of information about the very early Universe: Gaussianity of the initial conditions, the presence of the primordial gravity waves, as well as constraints on the large-scale structure formation and possibly properties of dark energy. The sophistication of the involved data models is matched by precision levels, which have to be attained to deliver robust detections and result in firm conclusions. The overall challenge is indeed breathtaking and, without a doubt, the success will be only possible if the data analysis effort becomes truly interdisciplinary and capitalizes on the latest advances in statistics, applied mathematics, and computer science - all of which constitute veritable foundations of the contemporary data analysis work.

70

Show, Don't Tell: Graphic Novels in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The students can explore an entirely fascinating new world through graphic novels introduced into the classrooms. The graphic novels include genre fiction like superhero and horror stories that combine words and pictures, which are appealing to the students. Several titles with connections to traditional English literature are recommended.

Weiner, Stephen

2004-01-01

71

A PAINT PROGRAM FOR THE GRAPHIC ARTS IN PRINTING  

Microsoft Academic Search

UK There is considerable scope for the application of computer techniques to help the graphic designer working with printed products, provided that pictures of high technical quality result. Described here is the product of the first stage of a research programme aimed at providing computer assisted drawing aids for high quality colour pictures. The product is an interactive paint program.

P J Willis

72

Introduction to Volume Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a survey o fv olume graphics. It includes an introduction to v olumetric data and to volume modeling techniques, such as voxelization, texture mapping, amorphous phenomena, block operations, constructive solid modeling, and volume sculpting. Ac omparison between surface graphics and volume graphics is given, along with a consideration of v olume graphics advantages and weaknesses. The paper

Arie E. Kaufman

73

NCI Visuals Online: My Pictures  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation NCI Visuals Online Home About My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search My Pictures My Pictures is a place to temporarily store images during your current Visuals Online session. My Pictures currently has no images. Home | About/Contact

74

GraphicConverter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GraphicConverter goes beyond the ability to convert a large number of graphic file formats. It provides tools for the creation and/or editing of graphics, animations, movies, and slide presentations; it also supports Adobe Photoshop compatible plug-ins. Currently, GraphicConverter can import 96 different graphic file formats and export 38. Conversion of several files (graphic or text) at a time is also possible through the "convert more..." feature. The tools offered for graphic editing are Photoshop-like. Detailed documentation is provided. This Macintosh shareware is provided by Lemke Software.

75

Picturing wavepacket reduction  

E-print Network

A coherent picture of the wavepacket-reduction process is proposed which is formulated in the framework of a deterministic and realist interpretation where the concepts of knowledge or information and of point particles do not appear. It is shown how the picture accounts for the experiments on interaction-free and delayed-choice measurements and those on interference with partial absorption.

Arthur Jabs

2013-05-21

76

Connectivity in Digital Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural concepts of connectedness and simple-connectedness are defined for subsets of a digital picture. It is shown that every simply-connected object (with more than one element) in such a picture has elements which can be deleted without destroying its simple- connectedness. This makes it easy to prove that a well-known \\

Azriel Rosenfeld

1970-01-01

77

Picturing objects in infancy.  

PubMed

Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the other tested object representation by hiding both objects. On visible trials, infants reached more for the distractor, indicating they recognized the target object from its picture. On hidden trials, infants reached more for the target object, suggesting they formed a continued representation of the object based on its picture. Photograph color had no effect. Infants thus show picture-to-object transfer by 9 months with preferential reaching, even with black-and-white pictures. PMID:24779447

Shinskey, Jeanne L; Jachens, Liza J

2014-09-01

78

Confinement in Yang Mills: Elements of a Big Picture  

SciTech Connect

We present a nontechnical review of the current understanding of the phenomenon of color confinement. The emphasis is put on recent advances. This is a combined and slightly expanded version of talks delivered at 14th International QCD Conference 'QCD 08,' 7-12th July 2008, Montpellier, France, the International Conference 'Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum,' Mainz, Germany, September 1-6, 2008 (Confinement 08), and the International Conference 'Approaches to Quantum Chromodynamics,' Oberwoelz, Austria, September 7-13, 2008.

Shifman, M.; /Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst. /Saclay, SPhT; Unsal, Mithat; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-10-22

79

Seeing the Big Picture: Experiential Education in Tertiary Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential education is defined by Luckman (1996) as a "process through which a learner constructs knowledge, skill and value from direct experience" (p. 7). Such a process of practical engagement, with concepts and skills in selected and guided experiences, supported by reflection, critical analysis and synthesis, is applicable to any…

Southcott, Jane

2004-01-01

80

Vessel traffic services - New York harbor big picture'  

SciTech Connect

Support for vessel traffic services (VTS) in US ports increased dramatically in the wake of the Exxon Valdez oil tanker accident. It is estimated that 90% of all marine accidents are caused by human failure and most of these occur in harbors or their approaches from sea. The first US Coast Guard VTS established in the post-Valdez era, VTS New York, now enjoys broad based support from its users and local congressional sponsors.It is the most technologically advanced system in North America, with additional upgrades planned. Prior to the Valdez accident, New York VTS struggled through disagreements with contractors, legal disputes with local residents fearing electromagnetic radiation, and lackluster user support. When recommissioned in 1990, remote equipment included 3 radars bundled together into a network, 2 communication sites, and 9 CCTV cameras at 4 sites located strategically throughout the port to provide nearly complete surveillance. Recent expansion into the seaward approaches to New York effectively doubled the VTS area of operation.

Schneeweis, W.G.

1993-03-01

81

The Big Picture: Understanding Learning and Meta-Learning Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future learning agenda is fraught with uncertainty. This opening article attempts to pose broad societal questions that determine the learning agenda-setting as well as the emergence of new knowledge paradigms. It begins with a quick overview of the futures of learning agenda. Then, it moves on to depict the value chain that departs from…

Carneiro, Roberto

2007-01-01

82

TREND Big Picture on Energy-Efficient Backbone Networks  

E-print Network

luca.chiaravigio@diet.uniroma1.it ; {fmusumeci ; pattavina}@elet.polimi.it Jorge López Vizcaíno, Yabin Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain rcuevas@it.uc3m.es Abstract-- The ICT (Information and Communication

Wichmann, Felix

83

Towards the big picture of the Milky Way bulge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evidence has been growing in the last few years that the Bulge is very complex, with maybe two or more components partially overlapping in space, kinematics and metallicity. An extensive mapping of these properties is necessary to disentangle them. I present our results based on ?-elements abundances for a total of 650 RGB stars in 4 fields along the major and minor axis of the Bulge. Results point towards a spatial homogeneity of ?-element enhancement in the metal-poor regime and a population of alpha-poor metal-rich stars which disappears at high latitudes (b = -12). Bulge metal-poor alpha enhancement is also indistinguishable from the one of the thick disk. Further constrains on Bulge populations are provided by the Vista Variables in the Via Lactea survey (VVV) from which I present our recent results in extinction, structure and photometric metallicities.

Gonzalez, O. A.

2012-02-01

84

The Development of Structure in the Universe: The Big Picture  

E-print Network

the "fossil record" agree with observations of distant galaxies? #12;9 Inferences from the "fossil record" of stars in nearby galaxies The Fossil Record Versus Cold Dark Matter Cosmology · Perceived conflicts everywhere when CDM meant m=1 ­ Presence of old, quiescent elliptical galaxies ­ Lack of strong evolution

Steidel, Chuck

85

The Big Picture: How Social Work Can Effectively Utilize Photographs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work has struggled with image problems and misperceptions of the profession and the types of services it provides. Photography is a medium that has been used effectively by other professions to change attitudes and perceptions. The present study examined the potential of photographs to change the image of available social services--namely,…

Marshall, Heather L.; Craun, Sarah W.; Theriot, Matthew T.

2009-01-01

86

Childhood obesity: are we missing the big picture?  

PubMed

Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide, raising alarm about future trends of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. This article discusses what may underlie our failure to respond effectively to the obesity epidemic, and presents a wider perspective for future research and public health agendas. So far targeting individual-level determinants and clinical aspects of childhood obesity has produced limited success. There is growing interest in understanding the wider determinants of obesity such as the built environment (e.g. walkability), social interactions, food marketing and prices, but much needs to be learned. Particularly, we need to identify distal modifiable factors with multiple potential that would make them attractive for people and policymakers alike. For example, walking-biking-friendly cities can reduce obesity as well as energy consumption, air pollution and traffic delays. Such agenda needs to be driven by strong evidence from research involving multi-level influences on behaviour, as well as the study of wider politico-economic trends affecting people's choices. This article highlights available evidence and arguments for research and policy needed to curb the obesity epidemic. The upstream approach underlying these arguments aims to make healthy choices not only the most rational, but also the most feasible and affordable. PMID:18154601

Maziak, W; Ward, K D; Stockton, M B

2008-01-01

87

The Big Picture: A Classroom Activity for Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new approach used for exploring new ways of enhancing experiences for students and instructors in science class is described. A fun activity conducted in the workshop for the observation of evolvement of group dynamics is discussed.

Poon, Thomas

2004-01-01

88

Big Picture: The Cell contents by topic Animal cells  

E-print Network

that links to animation on hearing [PDF] Ethical, legal and social aspects · Lesson plan on stem cells [PDF · Image gallery of the history of cell imaging Stem cells · Lesson plan on stem cells [PDF] Test your knowledge · Image gallery of annotated cells · Answer sheet for gallery of annotated cell images [PDF

Rambaut, Andrew

89

National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Big Picture on Exploration  

E-print Network

, and Budget Context · Architecture Planning · NASA's Activities: Human Spaceflight Architecture Team (HAT: Human Exploration and Operations 3 #12;Human Space Exploration Architecture Planning · Human spaceflight spaceflight portfolio (in FY12 budget) validated by NASA framework studies and consistent with NASA

Waliser, Duane E.

90

Space Weathering in the Main Asteroid Belt: The Big Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optical properties of silicate-rich asteroidal surfaces (namely, S-complex asteroids) evolve over time under the influence of several processes, known as ``space weathering'' (SW), and are amply analyzed in laboratory experiments. A first estimate of the spectral reddening rate, due to SW, on family S-type main-belt asteroids (MBAs; Jedicke et al.) has been confirmed and generalized, using a different approach,

M. Lazzarin; S. Marchi; L. V. Moroz; R. Brunetto; S. Magrin; P. Paolicchi; G. Strazzulla

2006-01-01

91

Building a "big picture" of planetary atmospheres dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Together with Saturn's large satellite, Titan, Earth, Mars and Venus provide four clear and increasingly well-studied examples of terrestrial-style planetary circulation systems under quite different parametric conditions. Clear trends in behaviour can be seen between these planets, especially contrasting the slowly and rapidly rotating bodies, suggesting some analogies with the studies of flow transitions and bifurcations in laboratory flow systems such as the rotating, baroclinic annulus experiment[1,2], and other simple models. This approach to comparative studies comes especially naturally to dynamicists, to whom the ability of even relatively simple, nonlinear, dynamical systems to exhibit radically different behaviours, punctuated by well characterized bifurcations as control parameters are varied, is familiar and commonplace. But is this analogy more than superficial? Does it suggest the possibility of an overarching the-oretical framework or even prototype model that could offer useful quantitative predictions of atmospheric structure, circulation and transport across a wide range of planetary parameters? If so, what are the critical parameters upon which key dynamical properties of the circulation depend? Can comparisons between the Earth and other planetary bodies provide useful insights into the Earth's circulation and climate? These questions come into even sharper focus in the light of the recent discoveries of terrestrial-style planets around other stars, about which obser-vational measurements can provide only very basic, globally integrated parameters. It is vital, therefore, to exploit and understand as fully as possible the available models of atmospheric circulation systems amenable to detailed study within our Solar System, their common aspects and key differences, and to confront them with detailed observations and measurements. In this contribution we examine ways in which numerical models of atmospheric circulation can be used to construct and explore relatively simple parameter spaces for atmospheric circulation systems, along similar lines to what is commonly done in the laboratory, without the need to compute many of the details specific to individual planetary composition, topography etc. Trends observed in such studies indicate that a common theoretical framework can account for many of the basic differences and similarities between the terrestrial planets in the Solar System, although this approach is still in its infancy. Such an approach can even enable simple predictions to be made of the style and intensity of circulation for planets (e.g. around other stars) yet to be discovered. Future work along similar lines, however, will need to take into account a wider range of possibilities than has been studied systematically hitherto, including the full range of planetary obliquity and seasonal variations, ratios of dynamical and radiative timescales, diurnal cycles and tidally-locked states. [1] R. Hide and P. J. Mason. Adv. in Phys., 24:47-99, 1975 [2] Wordsworth, R. D., Read, P. L. Yamazaki, H. Y. (2008) Phys. Fluids, 20, 126602

Read, Peter; Wang, Yixiong

92

BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest  

E-print Network

BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest Computational Problems with Parallel Computing Alan Kaminsky #12;#12;BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest College of Computing and Information Sciences Rochester Institute of Technology #12;ii BIG CPU, BIG DATA

Kaminsky, Alan

93

Introduction Big Radio Data  

E-print Network

Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Big Radio Data Ue-Li Pen CITA, UofT, CIFAR July 3, 2014U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Overview History VLBI Processing Future U. Pen Big signal processing U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary VLBI Current experiments

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

94

CHARLOTTE: BIG DATA & ANALYTICS  

E-print Network

CHARLOTTE: BIG DATA & ANALYTICS #12;Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics charlottechamber.com2 ManyFab, Inc. UGL Services Weyco Group #12;charlottechamber.com Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics 3 12/13 330 S and cltecondev facebook.com/charlottechamber charlottechamber Table of Contents Charlotte: Embracing Big Data

Raja, Anita

95

Graceful interaction with graphical constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The graphical constraint editor (GRACE), a graphical editor that lets users define graphical, or geometric, constraints, is reviewed. Graphical constraints specify relationships among graphical objects that the system must maintain. Constraints are useful in graphical drawing editors, design activities supported by CAD systems, and graphical user interface construction. GRACE provides mechanisms for explicit and implicit constraint specification using simple and

Sherman R. Alpert

1993-01-01

96

Picture an Astronomer Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, which serves as an introduction to an astronomy unit or to a classroom visit by an astronomer or space scientist, students are asked to imagine an astronomer and then draw a picture. In the instructions, no clues are given about the astronomer's race, sex, or age. Students discuss why they drew the pictures they drew and why they have the mental images of scientists that they have.

Fraknoi, Andrew

1995-09-03

97

ADAM Graphics Programmer's Guide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This guide outlines the options available to a programmer writing an ADAM applications program who wishes to incorporate graphics into the program and describes the routines that handle the necessary interaction with the ADAM parameter system when a graphics device is opened for a GKS based graphics package.

Allan, P. M.; Chipperfield, A. J.; Terrett, D. L.

98

Direct Mode Coding for B Pictures using Virtual Reference Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct mode used in the bi-predictive pictures (B-pictures) can efficiently improve the coding performance of B pictures, because it has small overhead and obtains a predictive picture from two reference pictures. The traditional temporal direct mode (TDM) derives the motion vector of the current block by scaling the motion vector of the co-located block in the backward reference picture.

Da Liu; Debin Zhao; Jun Sun; Wen Gao

2007-01-01

99

Interactive graphics system for IBM 1800 computer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A FORTRAN compatible software system that has been developed to provide an interactive graphics capability for the IBM 1800 computer is described. The interactive graphics hardware consists of a Hewlett-Packard 1300A cathode ray tube, Sanders photopen, digital to analog converters, pulse counter, and necessary interface. The hardware is available from IBM as several related RPQ's. The software developed permits the application programmer to use IBM 1800 FORTRAN to develop a display on the cathode ray tube which consists of one or more independent units called pictures. The software permits a great deal of flexibility in the manipulation of these pictures and allows the programmer to use the photopen to interact with the displayed data and make decisions based on information returned by the photopen.

Carleton, T. P.; Howell, D. R.; Mish, W. H.

1972-01-01

100

One big picture - 12, 000 little pictures: the Auckland Art Gallery collection management and access programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the resources available through the Auckland City Council, the Auckland Art Gallery has managed to turn a simple database upgrade into a programme of work with much greater impact on the way information about the gallery’s collection is delivered to the public. The Council has adopted a value management methodology which identifies wide programme aims, costs and benefits for

David Reeves

2003-01-01

101

Pictures in the Sky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors teach an astronomy unit in their seventh-grade course that they find never fails to motivate and stretch the imagination. The questions students ask are wonder-full: "What was here before the universe?" "If there was nothing before the Big Bang, where did energy and matter come from?" "Does the universe have a boundary, and if it does,…

Brako, Elisa; Fout, James; Peltz, William H.

2005-01-01

102

Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage  

E-print Network

Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage the era of fixed to Supercomputing (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 1 / 32 #12;Evolution of Graphics (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 2 / 32 #12;evolution of graphics pipelines

Verschelde, Jan

103

Picturing Sex Education: Notes on the politics of visual stratification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the scarcity of research on depictions and layout in sex education materials. It is argued that pictures and layout can inform an analysis of social stratification based on visual access. This process of social organization is located using four theoretical models. However these models do not lend themselves to a close reading of graphical strategies. To illustrate

Diederik F. Janssen

2006-01-01

104

159.235 Graphics 1 159.235 Graphics & Graphical  

E-print Network

on practical size (X-ray radiation ·Occupies a large volume ·Advantages ·Allows solids interlaced scanning #12;159.235 Graphics 30 Raster pros and cons ·Disadvantages ·Requires screen-sized memory

Hawick, Ken

105

From big crunch to big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider conditions under which a universe contracting towards a big crunch can make a transition to an expanding big bang universe. A promising example is 11-dimensional M theory in which the eleventh dimension collapses, bounces, and reexpands. At the bounce, the model can reduce to a weakly coupled heterotic string theory and, we conjecture, it may be possible to

Justin Khoury; Burt A. Ovrut; Nathan Seiberg; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2002-01-01

106

Cartography and Graphic Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Between cartography and graphic design there are some theoretical and practical similarities. Both domains use practically\\u000a the same techniques and their main goal is to communicate effectively and in a useful way. Methodological principles of graphic\\u000a design seem to be very interesting for cartographers. For example, the principle “form follows function” known not only in\\u000a graphic design but also in

Tomasz Opach

107

Picture-Taking 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having taken close to 5000 digital pictures in the last few years, the author can easily say that nearly half of them are of her students' artwork. As stated in her May 2006 article in "SchoolArts", "Digital Diversity," the author uses her photos in everything from digital presentations to parent communication, in permanent art exhibits in school,…

Coy, Mary

2008-01-01

108

Voyager picture of Jupiter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Voyager 1 took this picture of the planet Jupiter on Saturday, Jan. 6, the first in its three-month-long, close-up investigation of the largest planet. The spacecraft, flying toward a March 5 closest approach, was 35.8 million miles (57.6 million kilometers) from Jupiter and 371.7 million miles (598.2 million kilometers) from Earth when the picture was taken. As the Voyager cameras begin their meteorological surveillance of Jupiter, they reveal a dynamic atmosphere with more convective structure than had previously been thought. While the smallest atmospheric features seen in this picture are still as large as 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) across, Voyager will be able to detect individual storm systems as small as 3 miles (5 kilometers) at closest approach. The Great Red Spot can be seen near the limb at the far right. Most of the other features are too small to be seen in terrestrial telescopes. This picture was transmitted to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory through the Deep Space Network's tracking station at Madrid, Spain. The Voyager Project is managed for NASA by Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

1998-01-01

109

Picturing Objects in Infancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the…

Shinskey, Jeanne L.; Jachens, Liza J.

2014-01-01

110

Banda Aceh Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a page of images of the devestation in Banda Aceh taken by two medical doctors in the region helping with the relief effort (Dr. Eric Rasmussen, MD, US Navy and Dr. Dave Warner, MD, Ph.D.). Most of the pictures were taken a mile or more from the coast.

111

Picture Matching Fossils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching the students how to picture match fossils and to use the Treatise to find more information. Students are given a wide range of fossils to look at and appropriate material to match their fossil to an image which gives the genus and species name. With that information, the students turn to the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology to find upper level taxonomic names.

Rhenberg, Elizabeth

112

Graphics mini manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer graphics capabilities available at the Center are introduced and their use is explained. More specifically, the manual identifies and describes the various graphics software and hardware components, details the interfaces between these components, and provides information concerning the use of these components at LaRC.

Taylor, Nancy L.; Randall, Donald P.; Bowen, John T.; Johnson, Mary M.; Roland, Vincent R.; Matthews, Christine G.; Gates, Raymond L.; Skeens, Kristi M.; Nolf, Scott R.; Hammond, Dana P.

1990-01-01

113

Quantitative Graphics in Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of quantitative graphics in newspapers requires achieving a balance between being accurate and getting the attention of the reader. The statistical representations in newspapers are drawn by graphic designers whose key technique is fusion--the striking combination of two visual images. This technique often results in visual puns,…

Tankard, James W., Jr.

114

Argument Graphic Organizer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This graphic organizer (pdf document) provides an avenue to evaluate an authorâs argument within a text by determining the relevance and validity of each claim and the overall sufficiency of the evidence presented. A brief introduction to the graphic organizer explains how teachers can use it in the classroom.

2012-01-01

115

More Picture-Perfect Science Book Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Would you like to use the award-winning Picture-Perfect Science series but don't want the hassle of tracking down the trade books that accompany each lesson? At teachers' requests, NSTA is now offering a collection of 23 hardcover and softcover picture books used as part of the popular More Picture Perfect Science Lessons. All the books fit inside a zippered canvas tote bag with a screened image of the book cover on it. This bundled set is a great value over the retail cost of more than $350. Titles included in the set are � Pop! A Book About Bubbles� How Big Is a Foot?� How Tall How Short� Hear Your Heart� The Busy Body Book� Lucas and His Loco Beans� Diary of a Worm� Wiggling Worms at Work� Over in the Ocean� Coral Reef Animals� Our Tree Named Steve� Be a Friend to Trees� Magnetic and Nonmagnetic� Roller Coaster� I Fall Down� I See Myself� If You Find a Rock� Rocks: Hard, Soft, Smooth�� Sunshine on My Shoulders� When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer� Spots of Light� Imaginative Inventions� The Important Book

1900-01-01

116

The LIFE Picture Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although this is a commercial site with pictures and images for sale, users can nonetheless view and appreciate one of "the most extraordinary collections of pictures in the world" at The Picture Collection from Time, Inc. An initial free registration is required, and after that users need only log on to gain access to over 22 million images, including illustrations, prints, and photographs. Archival materials from many popular magazines are available here, including images from Time, Life, Sports Illustrated, People, and Entertainment Weekly, as well as material from the recently acquired Mansell Collection. "Mansell photographs date from the beginnings of the medium in the 1840s through World War II [and] depict a vast range of scenics, important news events, and historical personalities, with a special emphasis on art and architecture. In addition, the new Mansell Collection includes extraordinary holdings of engraved illustrations, lithographs, and drawings predating the advent of photographic imaging." In addition to a key word search function, The Picture Collection offers a special searching and licensing program that lets you search for and store materials in "Lightboxes" of your own creation for later use; these are similar to folders that one might use in a conventional software setting. The program also calculates licensing fees for images based on what type of usage is intended (newspaper, magazine, Website, etc.). Research help is available for those users who would like someone else to do the searching, with one half-hour of free research offered initially. After that, a fee of 85 dollars an hour is charged; some or all of this fee may be waived if one or more images are licensed. An excellent help section rounds out this site and makes perusing this amazing (if somewhat overwhelming) collection even more pleasurable.

117

Pictures of Famous Physicists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the University of Frankfurt, contains a collection of pictures of famous physicists. The collection includes pre-20th century physicists, pioneers of quantum theory, theoreticians, experimentalists, Nobel Prize winners from 1971-1980, Nobel Prize winners from 1981-1990, and Nobel Prize winners from 1991 onward, also it features a gallery of photos from Albert Einstein and group photographs. This is a nice collection of resources for those interested in the history of physics.

Reinhardt, Joachim

2009-05-04

118

Volume Graphics (2007), pp. 18 H. -C. Hege, R. Machiraju (Editors)  

E-print Network

and Subject Descriptors (according to ACM CCS): I.3.3 [Computer Graphics]: Picture/Image Generation Particle Hydrodynamics solvers) or large scale galaxy distributions via n-body simulations, resulting in po

Andrzejak, Artur

119

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows the paper after it has been coated and dried, as shown on page 238, and it being rolled at the end of the coating-machine. It is now ready to be sent to the big presses which calender it (or iron it, as popular pariance would have it). The pictures on pages 238 and 239 show a continuous process over a single machine; but on account of the length of teh machine, the process is illustrated in sections. (p.239.) - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

120

Methods For Electronic 3-D Moving Pictures Without Glasses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes implementation approaches in image acquisition and playback for 3-D computer graphics, 3-D television and 3-D theatre movies without special glasses. Projection lamps, spatial light modulators, CRT's and dynamic scanning are all eliminated by the application of an active image array, all static components and a semi-specular screen. The resulting picture shows horizontal parallax with a wide horizontal view field (up to 360 de-grees) giving a holographic appearance in full color with smooth continuous viewing without speckle. Static component systems are compared with dynamic component systems using both linear and circular arrays. Implementation of computer graphic systems are shown that allow complex shaded color images to extend from the viewer's eyes to infinity. Large screen systems visible by hundreds of people are feasible by the use of low f-stops and high gain screens in projection. Screen geometries and special screen properties are shown. Viewing characteristics offer no restrictions in view-position over the entire view-field and have a "look-around" feature for all the categories of computer graphics, television and movies. Standard video cassettes and optical discs can also interface the system to generate a 3-D window viewable without glasses. A prognosis is given for technology application to 3-D pictures without glasses that replicate the daily viewing experience. Super-position of computer graphics on real-world pictures is shown feasible.

Collender, Robert B.

1987-06-01

121

Interactive Computer Graphics Shiaofen Fang  

E-print Network

art, advertisement, education. Design: CAD/CAM, ECAD, fashion design, architectural design. Simulation1 CSCI 550 Interactive Computer Graphics Shiaofen Fang Department of Computer and Information Science Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis What is computer graphics ? Computer graphics

Fang, Shiaofen

122

ATTENTION PROSPECTIVE GRAPHIC DESIGN MAJORS  

E-print Network

ATTENTION PROSPECTIVE GRAPHIC DESIGN MAJORS ENTRANCE INTO ART 3610 AND 3630 IF YOU WISH TO BE CONSIDERED FOR ADMITTANCE INTO THE FIRST YEAR GRAPHIC DESIGN SEQUENCE, DELIVER YOUR PORTFOLIO TO THE ART IN GRAPHIC DESIGN FOR FALL SEMESTER. #12;

Tipple, Brett

123

Big Data Begets Big Database Theory University of Washington  

E-print Network

Big Data Begets Big Database Theory Dan Suciu University of Washington 1 Motivation Industry analysts describe Big Data in terms of three V's: volume, velocity, variety. The data is too big to process the technical challenges in big data, but we find no inspiration in the three Vs. Volume is surely nothing new

Suciu, Dan

124

Picture Recognition by Preschool Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventy-one Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test pictures were scaled for consistency of recognition among three-, four-, and five-year-old, middle-class, Caucasian preschool children. The variables of age and sex proved to be significant predictors of the number of pictures recognized correctly by each child. In a further attempt to obtain useful picture recognition norms for this sample of children, recognition scores were

Franklin M. Berry; Ronald Judah; Edward M. Duncan

1974-01-01

125

Pictures of the Year  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the oldest and most prestigious photojournalism competitions, Pictures of the Year was established 58 years ago by a University of Missouri-Columbia photojournalism professor. This year's overall winners will be announced on April 19, but in the meantime, readers can view the winning photos and those that received the Award of Excellence in the three major categories: Newspaper, Magazine, and General. These images were selected from over 32,000 entries, and they run the full gamut of subject matter and emotion. Visitors will find images that are amusing, inspiring, beautiful, and heartbreaking. Highly recommended and well worth a visit.

126

Communicating with Pictures and Precision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the earliest civilizations, humans have used drawings and pictures as a form of communication and to convey information--whether it was the seasons or location of good hunting grounds. In this month's column, simple alphabet picture books show students how pictures can be used to communicate information about a topic. In the first activity,…

Royce, Christine Anne

2009-01-01

127

Modeling in Computer Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A discussion of different modeling techniques in computer graphics including t polygon mesh, parametric cubic curves and patches, implicit functions such as metaballs, procedural modeling (plants and flowers) and modeling transformations.

2003-02-15

128

Katrina Graphics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the National Hurricane Center hosts a variety of still graphics that can be looped into animations of the storm's progress. Images include 3- and 5-day Watches and Warnings, Wind Swaths and Strike Probabilities.

Center, National H.; Noaa

129

Graphically Enhanced Science Notebooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A common mode of communication in the elementary classroom is the science notebook. In this article, the authors outline the ways in which "graphically enhanced science notebooks" can help engage students in complete and robust inquiry. Central to this ap

Wiebe, Eric; Minogue, James; Bedward, John; Madden, Lauren; Carter, Mike

2010-11-01

130

Multimedia and Graphics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The accessibility of graphics and multimedia should be considered from at least two distinct perspectives. First, in terms of the provision of sufficient information for people with disabilities that limit access to specific elements of the content. Second, graphics and multimedia can be thought of as equivalent alternatives to text for those with cognitive disabilities. This chapter looks at issues in the delivery of equivalent information and the preservation of essential content so as to serve the largest possible audience.

Regan, Bob; Kirkpatrick, Andrew

131

A graphical ICU workstation.  

PubMed Central

A workstation designed to facilitate electronic charting in the intensive care unit is described. The system design incorporates a graphical, windows-based user interface. The system captures all data formerly recorded on the paper flowsheet including direct patient measurements, nursing assessment, patient care procedures, and nursing notes. It has the ability to represent charted data in a variety of graphical formats, thereby providing additional insights to facilitate the management of the critically ill patient. Initial nursing evaluation is described. PMID:1807712

Higgins, S. B.; Jiang, K.; Swindell, B. B.; Bernard, G. R.

1991-01-01

132

Flowfield computer graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this research include supporting the Aerothermodynamics Branch's research by developing graphical visualization tools for both the branch's adaptive grid code and flow field ray tracing code. The completed research for the reporting period includes development of a graphical user interface (GUI) and its implementation into the NAS Flowfield Analysis Software Tool kit (FAST), for both the adaptive grid code (SAGE) and the flow field ray tracing code (CISS).

Desautel, Richard

1993-01-01

133

Was Cosmic Inflation the 'Bang' of the Big Bang?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses cosmologists current understanding of the inflationary universe theory. It poses the question: "Was cosmic inflation the "bang" of the big bang?" Chapters include 1. Introduction; 2. A very special bang; 3. The inflationary universe; 4. Inflation and the very special bang, and 5. The current picture.

Guth, A.

2010-06-30

134

Pictures in Pictures: Art History and Art Museums in Children's Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's picture books that recreate, parody, or fictionalize famous artworks and introduce the art museum experience, a genre to which I will refer as "children's art books," have become increasingly popular over the past decade. This essay explores the pedagogical implications of this trend through the family program "Picture Books and Picture

Yohlin, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

135

Computer Graphics: Preferences by Gender in Grades 2, 4, and 6  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined preferences for computer graphics among 316 students in Grades 2, 4, and 6. Based on 10 guidelines developed after examining the literature, we constructed three groups of pictures: high female interest (FI); high male interest (MI); and equal interest (EI), with mixed elements of high female and male interest. Students rated the pictures that were created with Storybook

Sólveig Jakobsdóttir; Cynthia L. Krey; Gregory C. Sales

1994-01-01

136

Dual of big bang and big crunch  

SciTech Connect

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by the procedure of double analytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are nonsingular as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Bak, Dongsu [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-01-15

137

Big Ideas in Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares how she was able to discover some big ideas about art education. She relates how she found great ideas to improve her teaching from the book "Rethinking Curriculum in Art." She also shares how she designed a "Big Idea" unit in her class.

Day, Kathleen

2008-01-01

138

The Big Loser.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an activity in which the subject is the identity of the team in the greatest jeopardy of becoming the big loser in a basketball tournament. Explores several facts about the big loser, offering them in a hierarchy appropriate for creating various short- and long-term projects for a high school mathematics class. (ASK)

Marks, Daniel

1999-01-01

139

NPR: The Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Public Radio's "The Picture Show" photo blog is a great way to avoid culling through the thousands of less interesting and engaging photographs on the web. With a dedicated team of professionals, this blog brings together different posts that profile various sets of photographs that cover 19th century war in Afghanistan, visual memories of WWII, unpublished photographs of JFK's presidential campaign, and abandoned buildings on the islands in Boston Harbor. Visitors can search through previous posts, use social media features to share the photo features with friends, and also sign up to receive new materials via their RSS feed. There's quite a nice mix of material here, and visitors can also comment on the photos and recommend the collection to friends and others.

140

Picture Invariance in Quantum Optics  

E-print Network

We clarify the controversy over the coherent-state (CS) versus the number-state (NS) pictures in quantum optics. The NS picture is equivalent to the CS picture, as long as the phases $\\phi$ in the laser fields are randomly distributed, as M{\\o}lmer argues [\\pra {\\bf 55}, 3195 (1997)]. However, the claim by Rudolph and Sanders [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] has a few gaps. First, they make an assumption that is not necessarily true in the calculation of a density operator involved with a two-mode squeezed state. We show that there exists entanglement in the density operator without defying the assumption that phases are randomly distributed. Moreover, using a concept of picture-invariance, we argue that it is not that criteria for quantum teleportation are not satisfied. We discuss an analogy between the controversy on the CS versus NS pictures to that on the heliocentric versus geocentric pictures.

W. -Y. Hwang

2005-03-10

141

Efficient network graphics  

SciTech Connect

The transmission of graphics data over a data-communications network is typically a time-consuming process because of the large amounts of data required and limited bandwidth generally available. At the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center, an efficient data-compression scheme for graphics data and a design for a grahics system that is compatible with this scheme were developed. This system and its effect on the user are described, and a discussion of the workability of displaying successively changing frames (movies) at acceptable speeds is included.

Leighton, J.F.

1981-10-29

142

Managing facts and concepts: computer graphics and information graphics from a graphic designer's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book emphasizes the importance of graphic design for an information-oriented society. In an environment in which many new graphic communication technologies are emerging, it raises some issues which graphic designers and managers of graphic design production should consider in using the new technology effectively. In its final sections, it gives an example of the steps taken in designing a

1983-01-01

143

Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Naval Observatory's Time Service Department Web site (last mentioned in the June 5, 1998 Scout Report ) has a recently added moon phase picture page. Officially called the Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures site, users can see a picture of the current phase of the moon, as well as choose to view the phase of the Moon for any date and time from 1800 to 2199 AD. Although the pictures sometimes leave a little to be desired, the idea behind the site is pretty cool.

144

Matrix Big Brunch  

E-print Network

Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null Cosmologies with a Big Bang in terms of Matrix String Theory put forward by Craps, Sethi and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a Universe including both Big Bang and Big Crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using Matrix String Theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed Universe.

J. Bedford; C. Papageorgakis; D. Rodriguez-Gomez; J. Ward

2007-02-12

145

38The Big Bang -Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang  

E-print Network

38The Big Bang - Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang theory, the scale of the universe increases. This solution is thought to describe our universe during its' inflationary' era shortly after the Big Bang by Big Bang cosmology, and applies to the modern expansion of the universe. Problem 4 A) H = (/3) 1

146

PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT  

EPA Science Inventory

SAS PICTURE format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a PICTURE format one can create a series of templates for displa...

147

PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT  

EPA Science Inventory

SAS picture format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a picture format one can create a series of templates for displ...

148

Designing Award Winning Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic designers, marketing specialists, and campus activities professionals who have won awards for the design of campus programing publicity offer tips in the process of designing successful promotional items, including ingredients of winning pieces and aspects of a productive designer-client relationship. (MSE)

Kintigh, Cynthia

1990-01-01

149

Graphic Design and Photography  

E-print Network

opportunity to work with a prestigious client and to experience a real-world design brief." NTU has a long Cieslar 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 #12;Covering mainly sporting events my job has taken me all around the world with Sir Paul. Graphic Design winners visit Sir Paul Smith's London studio #12;Reflecting on his time

Evans, Paul

150

Computer Graphics Verification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Video processing creates technical animation sequences using studio quality equipment to realistically represent fluid flow over space shuttle surfaces, helicopter rotors, and turbine blades.Computer systems Co-op, Tim Weatherford, performing computer graphics verification. Part of Co-op brochure.

1992-01-01

151

Computing Graphical Confidence Bounds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approximation for graphical confidence bounds is simple enough to run on programmable calculator. Approximation is used in lieu of numerical tables not always available, and exact calculations, which often require rather sizable computer resources. Approximation verified for collection of up to 50 data points. Method used to analyze tile-strength data on Space Shuttle thermal-protection system.

Mezzacappa, M. A.

1983-01-01

152

Cognitive Components of Picture Naming  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial research literature documents the effects of diverse item attributes, task conditions, and participant characteristics on the ease of picture naming. The authors review what the research has revealed about 3 generally accepted stages of naming a pictured object: object identification, name activation, and response generation. They also show that dual coding theory gives a coherent and plausible account

Carla J. Johnson; Allan Paivio; James M. Clark

1996-01-01

153

Pictures of Dynamic Electric Fields  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electric field of a point charge moving at relativistic velocities along a single plane of motion may be visualized in a physically intuitive way with the aid of pictures of the electric lines of force. A general derivation of exact parametric equations for these lines of force is described and applied to create the pictures presented here of synchrotron

Roger Y. Tsien

1972-01-01

154

Graphic Design for Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology continues to radically change how we create and consume information. Today, news, reports, and other material are often delivered quickly through pictures, colors, or other eye-catching visual elements. Words still matter, but they may be tweeted, viewed on a smartphone, or placed in a call-out box in a report. The design of these items…

Regional Educational Laboratory, 2014

2014-01-01

155

Game Development: Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Casual games were once the domain of Flash and the Web. Today, casual gaming is making big waves in the mobile space. While\\u000a there have been mobile gaming devices for some time, the advent of smartphones that are capable of playing games has in effect\\u000a put a gaming device in the pockets of millions of people who would never buy

Lucas Jordan; Pieter Greyling

156

Scripting graphics with graphics : icons as a visual editing tool  

E-print Network

This thesis describes a system for scripting and editing graphic procedures with graphic representations or "icons." The icons are small bitmap images that carry with them information about spatial placement, list placement, ...

Shamonsky, Dorothy J

1984-01-01

157

Graphical Dictionaries and the Memorable Space of Graphical Passwords #  

E-print Network

Graphical Dictionaries and the Memorable Space of Graphical Passwords # Julie Thorpe, P.C. van Oorschot School of Computer Science, Carleton University {jthorpe, paulv}@scs.carleton.ca Abstract dictionaries. This leads us to ask what classes of graphical passwords users find memorable. We postu­ late one

Van Oorschot, Paul

158

How Big Are "Martin's Big Words"? Thinking Big about the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." tells of King's childhood determination to use "big words" through biographical information and quotations. In this lesson, students in grades 3 to 5 explore information on Dr. King to think about his "big" words, then they write about their own "big" words and dreams. During the one…

Gardner, Traci

159

Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life  

E-print Network

Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life #12;Introduction We live and the velocity at which it is created. The value of all this data lies in the useful information and meaning we can extract from it, and big data is being used in all aspects of life. In crime prevention it helps

Crowther, Paul

160

Computer graphics and story telling  

E-print Network

The use of computer graphics designed for film and television is discussed from an aesthetic and systems point of view. Graphics are used for information clarification in news and documentary work, digital video effects ...

Griffith, Sarah

1984-01-01

161

Graphic Organizers Benefit Slow Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a method of teaching science that employs two kinds of graphic organizers of information, the matrix and the branch-out strategies. Argues that these methods are particularly relevant for slower learners. Provides graphic examples. (HB)

Lehman, Helane G.

1992-01-01

162

Space Spurred Computer Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dicomed Corporation was asked by NASA in the early 1970s to develop processing capabilities for recording images sent from Mars by Viking spacecraft. The company produced a film recorder which increased the intensity levels and the capability for color recording. This development led to a strong technology base resulting in sophisticated computer graphics equipment. Dicomed systems are used to record CAD (computer aided design) and CAM (computer aided manufacturing) equipment, to update maps and produce computer generated animation.

1983-01-01

163

Graphic Grown Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's no secret that children and YAs are clued in to graphic novels (GNs) and that comics-loving adults are positively giddy that this format is getting the recognition it deserves. Still, there is a whole swath of library card-carrying grown-up readers out there with no idea where to start. Splashy movies such as "300" and "Spider-Man" and their…

Kim, Ann

2009-01-01

164

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup  

Microsoft Academic Search

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup (CGS) is a Java tool to help users of the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) plan observations. It allows users to visualize the correlator bands overlaid on frequency space and view spectral lines within each band. Bands can be click-dragged to anywhere in frequency and can have their properties (e.g., bandwidth, quantization level,

D. We; B. Shaya; M. W. Pound

2011-01-01

165

Graphic engine resource management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern consumer-grade 3D graphic cards boast a computation/memory resource that can easily rival or even exceed that of standard desktop PCs. Although these cards are mainly designed for 3D gaming applications, their enormous computational power has attracted developers to port an increasing number of scientific computation programs to these cards, including matrix computation, collision detection, cryptography, database sorting, etc. As more and more applications run on 3D graphic cards, there is a need to allocate the computation/memory resource on these cards among the sharing applications more fairly and efficiently. In this paper, we describe the design, implementation and evaluation of a Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) scheduler based on Deficit Round Robin scheduling that successfully allocates to every process an equal share of the GPU time regardless of their demand. This scheduler, called GERM, estimates the execution time of each GPU command group based on dynamically collected statistics, and controls each process's GPU command production rate through its CPU scheduling priority. Measurements on the first GERM prototype show that this approach can keep the maximal GPU time consumption difference among concurrent GPU processes consistently below 5% for a variety of application mixes.

Bautin, Mikhail; Dwarakinath, Ashok; Chiueh, Tzi-cker

2008-01-01

166

John Herschel's Graphical Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1833 John Herschel published an account of his graphical method for determining the orbits of double stars. He had hoped to be the first to determine such orbits, but Felix Savary in France and Johann Franz Encke in Germany beat him to the punch using analytical methods. Herschel was convinced, however, that his graphical method was much superior to analytical methods, because it used the judgment of the hand and eye to correct the inevitable errors of observation. Line graphs of the kind used by Herschel became common only in the 1830s, so Herschel was introducing a new method. He also found computation fatiguing and devised a "wheeled machine" to help him out. Encke was skeptical of Herschel's methods. He said that he lived for calculation and that the English would be better astronomers if they calculated more. It is difficult to believe that the entire Scientific Revolution of the 17th century took place without graphs and that only a few examples appeared in the 18th century. Herschel promoted the use of graphs, not only in astronomy, but also in the study of meteorology and terrestrial magnetism. Because he was the most prominent scientist in England, Herschel's advocacy greatly advanced graphical methods.

Hankins, Thomas L.

2011-01-01

167

Graphic Novels and School Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School libraries serving children and teenagers today should be committed to collecting graphic novels to the extent that their budgets allow. However, the term "graphic novel" is enough to make some librarians--not to mention administrators and parents--pause. Graphic novels are simply book-length comics. They can be works of fiction or…

Rudiger, Hollis Margaret; Schliesman, Megan

2007-01-01

168

Exploring Graphic Design in Paintings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed project explores ways to integrate elements in graphic design and digital media into the creative process of painting. Graphic design studies visual communications. It provides a linkage between arts and design in digital media. The elements in and principles of graphic design are the logical entry point in the attempt to bring together painting and digital media. I

Shanshan Cui

2006-01-01

169

Graphics programming for the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

With HTML5 and ever-improving browser performance, the web has emerged as an ideal platform for showcasing graphics applications. Several graphics applications that were once too slow to be written in anything but native code may now be fast enough to run as web apps. This course for developers who want to develop graphics applications for the web introduces the concepts

Pushkar Joshi; Mikaël Bourges-Sévenier; Kenneth Russell; Zhenyao Mo

2012-01-01

170

Cognitive Principles of Graphic Displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphic displays, such as maps, that portray visible things are ancient whereas graphic displays, such as graphs and diagrams, that portray things that are inherently not visible, are relatively modern inventions. They serve a variety of functions, such as providing models, attracting attention, supporting memory, facilitating inference and discovery. Graphic displays use space to convey meaning in ways that are

Barbara Tversky

1997-01-01

171

SETI as a part of Big History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big History is an emerging academic discipline which examines history scientifically from the Big Bang to the present. It uses a multidisciplinary approach based on combining numerous disciplines from science and the humanities, and explores human existence in the context of this bigger picture. It is taught at some universities. In a series of recent papers ([11] through [15] and [17] through [18]) and in a book [16], we developed a new mathematical model embracing Darwinian Evolution (RNA to Humans, see, in particular, [17] and Human History (Aztecs to USA, see [16]) and then we extrapolated even that into the future up to ten million years (see 18), the minimum time requested for a civilization to expand to the whole Milky Way (Fermi paradox). In this paper, we further extend that model in the past so as to let it start at the Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) thus merging Big History, Evolution on Earth and SETI (the modern Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) into a single body of knowledge of a statistical type. Our idea is that the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM), so far used as the key stochastic process of financial mathematics (Black-Sholes models and related 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics!) may be successfully applied to the whole of Big History. In particular, in this paper we derive Big History Theory based on GBMs: just as the GBM is the “movie” unfolding in time, so the Statistical Drake Equation is its “still picture”, static in time, and the GBM is the time-extension of the Drake Equation. Darwinian Evolution on Earth may be easily described as an increasing GBM in the number of living species on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years. The first of them was RNA 3.5 billion years ago, and now 50 million living species or more exist, each evolving in a statistical way like the GBM stochastic process does. Also Human History may be rewritten in terms of GBMs, as this author did in recent papers just published in the International Journal of Astrobiology and Acta Astronautica. But those mathematical results will not be repeated in this paper in order not to make it too long. Possibly a whole new book about GBMs will be written by the author. Mass Extinctions of the geological past also are one more topic that may be cast in the language of a decreasing GBM over a short time lapse, since Mass Extinctions are sudden all-lows in the number of living species. In this paper, we give formulae for the decreasing GBMs of Mass Extinctions, like the K-Pg one of 64 million years ago. Finally, we note that the Big History Equation is just the extension of the Drake Equation to 13.8 billion years of cosmic evolution. So, the relevant GBM starting at the Big Bang epoch (13.8 billion years ago) and growing up to nowadays in a stochastically increasing fashion becomes the GBM of the number of evolving galaxies populating the Universe. Our Big History model based on the GBM mathematics is thus complete.

Maccone, Claudio

2014-08-01

172

Big Bend sees big environmental push  

SciTech Connect

The 1800 MW Big Bend Power Station is a coal-fired facility in Tampa Bay, Florida, USA owned by Tampa Electric. It has four pulverized coal- fired steam units equipped with FGD scrubbers and electrostatic precipitators. Currently the addition of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems is under consideration. The Unit 4 SCR retrofit was completed in June 2007; the remaining three systems are scheduled for completion by 2010. Boiler draft systems will be modified to a balance draft design to accommodate the increased pressure drop of the new systems. 3-D computer models were developed to determine constructability due to the tight clearance at the site. 1 photo.

Blankinship, S.

2007-10-15

173

A Stored Picture Hacking Facility  

E-print Network

A short description of LISP functions that have been written for use with the stored picture facility. These functions allow one to display an image of a stored scene on the 340 scope, and produce graphs and histograms of ...

Markowitz, Sidney

174

Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  

ScienceCinema

Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07

175

Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  

SciTech Connect

Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don

2013-08-27

176

Astronomy Picture of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each day a different image or photograph of a celestial object is featured. Pictures are selected for their particular beauty or astronomical interest, and each one is accompanied by a brief caption written by a professional astronomer. Links to additional information are embedded in the text of the caption. Previous pictures of the day are archived in reverse chronological order dating back to June 1995.

177

Graphics insertion in TEX  

E-print Network

technical papers. TEX has a number of features which make it a popular software package. One of the many advantages that TEX has over desktop publishing systems is its device independent file format. There are frequent requests for graphics inclusion in a.... There have been a number of attempts to solve this problem. One of the most popular solutions is through the use of the (special command. The backslash is TEX's escape character [8]. The )special command is used by TEX to do exactly what its name implies...

Kattawar, Gregory Williford

2012-06-07

178

Wolfram Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wolfram Research, creators of Mathematica software (see also NSDL Report for Math, Engineering, and Technology, July 16, 2004), have posted this gallery of images that demonstrate how Mathematica has opened the door to a new kind of imagery that melds art and science. The colorful images in the gallery, created by Mathematica users around the world, are grouped by type: 2D Graphics, Polyhedra, Surfaces, and Animations. High resolutions images are available upon request, and in some cases there is an option to order a poster.

2007-12-12

179

The Big Sky inside  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Montana (UM)-Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor…

Adams, Earle; Ward, Tony J.; Vanek, Diana; Marra, Nancy; Hester, Carolyn; Knuth, Randy; Spangler, Todd; Jones, David; Henthorn, Melissa; Hammill, Brock; Smith, Paul; Salisbury, Rob; Reckin, Gene; Boulafentis, Johna

2009-01-01

180

Before the Big Bang  

SciTech Connect

The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose

2007-02-06

181

Build a Big Wheel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore how engineers have developed big wheels or Ferris wheels. Learners explore the history of wheels, their design, and develop their own wheel using pasta, glue, and optionally, teabags. Teams design their own wheels on paper, execute their plan, and evaluate the strategies employed.

Ieee

2014-05-22

182

BIG SCIENCE CLEAN WATER  

E-print Network

BIG SCIENCE BUGS THAT CLEAN WATER NEW-LOOK ARCHAEOLOGY READING FILMS AND TELEVISON HOW TO BUILD THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND NEW ZEALAND #12;#12;1AUTUMN 2004 CONTENTS 4 BUGS CLEAN UP WATER Microbiologist Sue Turner is unlocking the power of bacteria to treat waste water. 6 EYES FRONT The new Professor

Auckland, University of

183

A Big Bang Lab  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The February 2005 issue of The Science Teacher (TST) reminded everyone that by learning how scientists study stars, students gain an understanding of how science measures things that can not be set up in lab, either because they are too big, too far away, or happened in a very distant past. The authors of "How Far are the Stars?" show how the…

Scheider, Walter

2005-01-01

184

Big City School Bankruptcy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three big-city school systems nearly went bankrupt in the 1970s. New York City, including its schools, ran out of money; Cleveland closed its schools for long periods to conserve funds; and Chicago's schools ran out of credit. This paper narrates these crises, examines the responses of state governments and teacher and custodian unions, and looks…

Cronin, Joseph M.

185

The Big Fish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Killer Whale, Shamu jumps through hoops and splashes tourists in hopes for the big fish, not because of passion, desire or simply the enjoyment of doing so. What would happen if those fish were obsolete? Would this killer whale be able to find the passion to continue to entertain people? Or would Shamu find other exciting activities to do…

DeLisle, Rebecca; Hargis, Jace

2005-01-01

186

Before the Big Bang  

ScienceCinema

The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose

2010-09-01

187

Building Big: Shapes Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shapes Lab, from the PBS Building Big Series, shows how the shape of a structure affects its strength. Rectangles, arches, and triangles are compared for their distribution of stress and response to forces applied by the visitor. The site also contains information about forces, loads, and building materials.

2007-04-06

188

ENGINEERING BIG IMPACT  

E-print Network

THINK BIG· · · GRADUATE ENGINEERING PROGRAMS · · · #12;BIG IMPACT Engineering grad students collaborate with faculty and researchers across campus and around the world to explore our biggest challenges--like a class in geostatistics that improved my research skills, and I took a journalism class to learn how

189

CANWE COME? THE BIG BANG  

E-print Network

HOW CLOSE CANWE COME? THE BIG BANG Michael Dine Final Lecture Physics 171, 2009 #12;#12;New York Times: April, 2003 Reports a debate among cosmologists about the Big Bang. lll1.html #12;Dr. Tyson, who "distinguished" cosmologists into his lair for a roasting disguised as a debate about the Big Bang. It was part

California at Santa Cruz, University of

190

MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA  

E-print Network

1 MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA TO SMART DATA: Using data to drive personalized brand January 22, 2014 ABSTRACT This white paper looks at Big Data from the marketing perspective, running DO WITH IT NEARLY EVERYONE IN MARKETING TODAY SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE CONCEPT OF BIG DATA

Chaudhuri, Surajit

191

Semantic Interoperability for Big Data  

E-print Network

Semantic Interoperability for Big Data Ken Baclawski College of Computer and Information Science Northeastern University #12;August 11, 2014 2 Emergence of Big Data The phenomenon was studied in the early based on the information scarcity model. #12;August 11, 2014 3 Characteristics of Big Data Large

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

192

To Picture or Not to Picture: How to Decide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the habits of human reasoning that distort designers' abilities to intuit how users will understand and respond to graphics. Advocates two solutions: investigating scientifically how visuals communicate to viewers, and using user-based iterative design to explore user's reactions while developing design prototypes. (SR)

Sims-Knight, Judith E.

1992-01-01

193

The Picture Exchange Communication System: Digital Photographs versus Picture Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an augmentative and alternative system (AAC) used to improve and increase communication for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental disorders. Research addressing the efficacy of this system is increasing; however, there is limited information published that evaluates…

Jonaitis, Carmen

2011-01-01

194

Graphically Modeling Stakeholder Values  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to give insight into the values considered in environmental policy and illustrate the respondents' personal constructions related to creating policy through the development of a graphic tool. Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, this study anonymously captured the intensity of values currently held by decision makers and tracked changes in values over time. Data were acquired through observations of and interviews with stakeholders in a five-year wetland mitigation bank permitting process at the Galveston District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The study included public and private sector respondents in both governmental and nongovernmental roles. The resulting representations of professional and personal stakeholders' values can be used as a tool for improving information exchange in policy negotiation and provides insight into the complexity of individual and corporate perceptions of a policy issue.

Stone, Harold L.

2002-08-01

195

Graphical programming of telerobotic tasks  

SciTech Connect

With a goal of producing faster, safer, and cheaper technologies for nuclear waste cleanup, Sandia is actively developing and extending intelligent systems technologies through the US Department of Energy Office of Technology Development (DOE OTD) Robotic Technology Development Program (RTDP). Graphical programming is a key technology for robotic waste cleanup that Sandia is developing for this goal. Graphical programming uses simulation such as TELEGRIP `on-line` to program and control robots. Characterized by its model-based control architecture, integrated simulation, `point-and-click` graphical user interfaces, task and path planning software, and network communications, Sandia`s Graphical Programming systems allow operators to focus on high-level robotic tasks rather than the low-level details. Use of scripted tasks, rather than customized programs minimizes the necessity of recompiling supervisory control systems and enhances flexibility. Rapid world-modelling technologies allow Graphical Programming to be used in dynamic and unpredictable environments including digging and pipe-cutting. This paper describes Sancho, Sandia`s most advanced graphical programming supervisory software. Sancho, now operational on several robot systems, incorporates all of Sandia`s recent advances in supervisory control. Graphical programming uses 3-D graphics models as intuitive operator interfaces to program and control complex robotic systems. The goal of the paper is to help the reader understand how Sandia implements graphical programming systems and which key features in Sancho have proven to be most effective.

Small, D.E.; McDonald, M.J.

1996-11-01

196

LONGLIB - A GRAPHICS LIBRARY  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This library is a set of subroutines designed for vector plotting to CRT's, plotters, dot matrix, and laser printers. LONGLIB subroutines are invoked by program calls similar to standard CALCOMP routines. In addition to the basic plotting routines, LONGLIB contains an extensive set of routines to allow viewport clipping, extended character sets, graphic input, shading, polar plots, and 3-D plotting with or without hidden line removal. LONGLIB capabilities include surface plots, contours, histograms, logarithm axes, world maps, and seismic plots. LONGLIB includes master subroutines, which are self-contained series of commonly used individual subroutines. When invoked, the master routine will initialize the plotting package, and will plot multiple curves, scatter plots, log plots, 3-D plots, etc. and then close the plot package, all with a single call. Supported devices include VT100 equipped with Selanar GR100 or GR100+ boards, VT125s, VT240s, VT220 equipped with Selanar SG220, Tektronix 4010/4014 or 4107/4109 and compatibles, and Graphon GO-235 terminals. Dot matrix printer output is available by using the provided raster scan conversion routines for DEC LA50, Printronix printers, and high or low resolution Trilog printers. Other output devices include QMS laser printers, Postscript compatible laser printers, and HPGL compatible plotters. The LONGLIB package includes the graphics library source code, an on-line help library, scan converter and meta file conversion programs, and command files for installing, creating, and testing the library. The latest version, 5.0, is significantly enhanced and has been made more portable. Also, the new version's meta file format has been changed and is incompatible with previous versions. A conversion utility is included to port the old meta files to the new format. Color terminal plotting has been incorporated. LONGLIB is written in FORTRAN 77 for batch or interactive execution and has been implemented on a DEC VAX series computer operating under VMS. This program was developed in 1985, and last updated in 1988.

Long, D.

1994-01-01

197

Parallel Graphics and Interactivity with the Scaleable Graphics Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A parallel rendering environment is being developed to utilize the IBM Scaleable Graphics Engine (SGE), a hardware frame buffer for parallel computers. Goals of this software development effort include finding efficient ways of producing and displaying graphics generated on IBM SP nodes and of assisting programmers in adapting or creating scientific simulation applications to use the SGE. Four software development

Kenneth A. Perrine; Donald R. Jones

2001-01-01

198

Parallel graphics and interactivity with the scaleable graphics engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A parallel rendering environment is being developed to utilize the IBM Scaleable Graphics Engine (SGE), a hardware frame buffer for parallel computers. Goals of this software development effort include finding efficient ways of producing and displaying graphics generated on IBM SP nodes and of assisting programmers in adapting or creating scientific simulation applications to use the SGE. Four software development

Kenneth A. Perrine; Donald R. Jones

2001-01-01

199

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II CSC6870 Computer Graphics II  

E-print Network

6870 Computer Graphics II B-Splines Surface · B-Spline curves · Tensor product B-splines where u [0 B-Splines Surface CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Tensor Product Properties · Inherit from their curve Tensor Product Surface · From curves to surfaces · A simple curve example (Bezier) where u [0

Hua, Jing

200

PBS: Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This large collection of labs, activities, and interactive tutorials allows kids to explore large structures and what it takes to build them. They will investigate bridges, dams, tunnels, skyscrapers, and domes. The interactivity of the site is its hallmark feature, with simulation-based activities to explore forces, test the strength of materials, learn about structural load, and see how shape affects strength. The site includes a "Wonders of the World Databank" to search for big structures with specific features. An Educator's Guide provides content standards, lesson ideas, and additional resources. Editor's Note: This resource provides a framework for integrating physics, engineering, materials science, and geography. The original Building Big trademark is associated with a 5-part PBS series, available at the pbs.org online shop for an additional cost.

2011-10-08

201

Before the Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This radio broadcast explores the cosmological hypothesis known as the cyclical universe, put forward by Neil Turok and Paul Steinhardt. In a cyclical universe, the Big Bang was not the beginning of time and space but merely a cataclysmic event - one of perhaps millions - that takes place from time to time in our universe. The broadcast describes how higher-dimensional, infinitely large parallel sheets called branes could collide together to produce a big bang; how inflation theory solves the puzzle of how the universe is uniform and homogeneous but conflicts with the cyclical universe theory; and how a satellite experiment that will observe patterns in gravity waves may determine whether the predictions of the cyclical universe theory or inflation theory are right. The broadcast is 30 minutes in length.

202

Big Opportunities WINTER 2014  

E-print Network

19 Recent alumni and student events in pictures 6 New IU center for women in technology Maureen Biggers leads IUB's new Center of Excellence for Women in Technology. [FEATURED] [FEATURED] 7 Career in this approach, as the 777 was the first major commercial airplane designed via computer versus physical

Zhou, Yaoqi

203

The Next Big Idea  

PubMed Central

Abstract George S. Eisenbarth will remain in our memories as a brilliant scientist and great collaborator. His quest to discover the cause and prevention of type 1 (autoimmune) diabetes started from building predictive models based on immunogenetic markers. Despite his tremendous contributions to our understanding of the natural history of pre-type 1 diabetes and potential mechanisms, George left us with several big questions to answer before his quest is completed. PMID:23786296

2013-01-01

204

Big Bear Solar Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) is located at the end of a causeway in a mountain lake more than 2 km above sea level. The site has more than 300 sunny days a year and a natural inversion caused by the lake which makes for very clean images. BBSO is the only university observatory in the US making high-resolution observations of the Sun. Its daily images are posted at http://www.bbso.njit.e...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

205

Sex Stereotype Effects in Children's Picture Recognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports an experiment in which 80 male and female six and eight year olds were presented with pictures consistent or inconsistent with sex stereotypes and pictures of neutral activities. Later, subjects performed a picture-recognition task. Among the variables investigated were subjects' labeling of pictures and sex-stereotype consistency. (CB)

Cann, Arnie; Newbern, Sara R.

1984-01-01

206

Arousal-Enhanced Location Memory for Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four experiments revealed arousal-enhanced location memory for pictures. After an incidental encoding task, participants were more likely to remember the locations of positive and negative arousing pictures than the locations of non-arousing pictures, indicating better binding of location to picture. This arousal-enhanced binding effect did not…

Mather, Mara; Nesmith, Kathryn

2008-01-01

207

The Picture Exchange Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of strategies have been used to help children with autism acquire functional communication skills. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique communication training program that was developed as a means of circumventing some shortcomings associatd with these strategies. A description of the steps within PECS is provided. Long-term group data have indicated that a large proportion

Andrew S. Bondy; Lori A. Frost

1994-01-01

208

Cascade processes in picture identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The naming of pictures is typically thought to require sequential access to stored structural knowledge about objects, to semantic knowledge, and to a stored phonological description. Access to these different types of knowledge may constitute discrete processing stages; alternatively, it may be that information is transmitted continuously (in cascade) from one type of description to the next. The discrete stage

G. W. Humphreys; M. J. Riddoch; P. T. Quinlan

1988-01-01

209

The Trove: Australia in Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Picture Australia is a cross-collection search tool for finding images from the National Library of Australia and half a dozen other institutions: the National Archives; Australian War Memorial; State Libraries of Victoria, New South Wales, and Tasmania; and the University of Queensland. Librarians and database designers will be interested to know that the cross-collection searching is achieved by using harvested Dublin Core metadata stored in a central index at the National Library, while the digital images remain at their home institutions. Other users will simply be happy to find so many images of Australia, covering a diversity of topics, so easily. There are three ways to approach Picture Australia: picture search, a simple keyword search, or advanced search, which allows users to select and combine Dublin Core elements. In addition, users can follow "trails" to view images culled from all contributing collections, organized around themes, such as Australians and the Olympics (449 images of Olympic history since 1956), Australian Artists (230 portraits of Australian artists), Realia (all kinds of objects from Australian museums, from scrimshaw to costume), or Australian Wildflowers (botanical drawings, photographs, and a few botanists). Images1, the online pictorial collections of the National Library of Australia (reviewed in the October 15, 1999 Scout Report_), is one of the collections that is searched via Picture Australia.

210

Painting a Picture with Air  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Create a painting by blowing air out of a straw. Push liquid acrylic paint around on some watercolor paper by aiming short bursts of air onto the paint puddle. See what happens when you use different colors, and add thicker or more watery paint. Then, scan or take a digital picture of your artwork and post it to the Air Blown Gallery.

Minnesota, Science M.

1995-01-01

211

Interframe coding of videotelephone pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television signals contain a great deal of frame-to-frame redundancy because picture areas are scanned in every frame whether they have changed or not. That portion of the signal describing stationary images need not be retransmitted in every frame if adequate memory is provided at the receiver. The signal describing moving images must be transmitted, of course, but it requires progressively

BARRY G. HASKELL; F. W. Mounts; J. C. Candy

1972-01-01

212

Graphics Display of Foreign Scripts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Graphics Project for Foreign Language Learning at the University of Pennsylvania, which has developed ways of displaying foreign scripts on microcomputers. Character design on computer screens is explained; software for graphics, printing, and language instruction is discussed; and a text editor is described that corrects optically…

Abercrombie, John R.

1987-01-01

213

Silence in the graphic novel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aims at highlighting argumentative silences in the graphic novel, illustrated here by Diaz Canales and Guarnido (2005). In the graphic novel silence occurs, mostly, when the narrator promotes the showing over the telling (within the frame) and when, between the frames creating a sequence, the reader\\/observer is devoid of information (either visual or textual). None of these

Silvia Adler

2011-01-01

214

Graphics Education Survey. Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a 1977 survey reflected the importance of graphics education for news students, a study was developed to investigate the state of graphics education in the whole field of journalism. A questionnaire was sent to professors and administrators in four print-oriented professional fields of education: magazine, advertising, public relations, and…

Ernst, Sandra B.

215

Henry Lieberman 1 Intelligent Graphics  

E-print Network

Henry Lieberman . DRAFT For many graphic designers and artists of the last generation, the ideaHenry Lieberman 1 Intelligent Graphics: Artificial Intelligence at the Visible Language Workshop of computers entering the design process was viewed as threatening. The exploration of visual forms and sense

216

Emergent shapes in graphical design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with graphical design and extracting emergent shapes, i.e., shapes that are not consciously constructed by designers. Graphical design is discussed in the framework of operational constraints. Defining the system of constraints makes possible to describe the notion of emergence in a formal way. The formal model of the diagrammatic reasoning system serves as a base for our

Ewa Grabska

2001-01-01

217

Raster graphics for spatial applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The greatest effective bandwidth of the eye is for changes in color and texture, so why does computer graphics emphasize line-drawings? Questions such as this brought about the MAPS Project in 1971 for the purpose of developing graphics systems suitable for geographic applications. The MAPS-1 system, operational since September 1974, and the MINIMAPS system now under development achieve high performance

Michael A. Fischer; Robert E. Nunley

1975-01-01

218

Call for Papers Web Graphics  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Web Graphics Special Issue of IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications Guest Editors a migration of traditional applications to run on the Web environment and a growing demand for more powerful web-based applications. Fused by the increasing availability and dramatic reduction in the cost of 3D

Lau, W. H. Nynson

219

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup (CGS) is a Java tool to help users of the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) plan observations. It allows users to visualize the correlator bands overlaid on frequency space and view spectral lines within each band. Bands can be click-dragged to anywhere in frequency and can have their properties (e.g., bandwidth, quantization level, rest frequency) changed interactively. Spectral lines can be filtered from the view by expected line strength to reduce visual clutter. Once the user is happy with the setup, a button click generates the Python commands needed to configure the correlator within the observing script. CGS can also read Python configurations from an observing script and reproduce the correlator setup that was used. Because the correlator hardware description is defined in an XML file, the tool can be rapidly reconfigured for changing hardware. This has been quite useful as CARMA has recently commissioned a new correlator. The tool was written in Java by high school summer interns working in UMD's Laboratory for Millimeter Astronomy and has become an essential planning tool for CARMA PIs.

Wu, D.; Shaya, B.; Pound, M. W.

2011-07-01

220

Historical Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by historian Jim Zwick, this Website features extensive collections of US political cartoons, photographs, and advertising from the 19th and early decades of the 20th century. The site includes a thorough discussion, augmented by full-scale images of illustrations, of the origins of political cartooning in the early nineteenth century from its genesis to a force in the eventual defeat of the Boss Tweed machine to editorial illustrations commenting on Theodore Roosevelt, Uncle Sam, and the Women's suffrage movement. There are also sections here on the political art of Dan Beard -- a nineteenth-century illustrator and founder of the Boy Scouts, advertisements from the Spanish-American & Philippine-American Wars, and collections of photographs from these two wars as well as images of atrocities in the Congo, publicized by the Congo Reform Association in their campaign against King Leopold's rule of the Congo Free State. Most images can be examined in medium or large sizes, with options for zooming in and scanning the images. The accompanying written history of these images is also considerable and well-informed. Zwick has written extensively about the age of imperialism in America in both scholarly and popular venues. Note: Because of the number of graphic files on this site, many Mac users may need to make more memory available for their browser when visiting it.

221

Guide to Graphics at ANL. Rev  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guide to Graphics at ANL is a general reference guide to doing graphics at Argonne. It should be used along with documents which describe the use of specific graphics software or operating systems. Guide to Graphics at ANL describes the current graphics environment at Argonne National Laboratory, including the hardware, the software, and the procedures needed to write and run

R. M. Bertrand; B. R. Hack; D. M. Malon

1984-01-01

222

Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN  

E-print Network

Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Computer Graphics Leif Kobbelt Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Public Perception of CG · Games · Movies Computer Graphics Group Leif KobbeltAACHEN Computer Graphics Research · fundamental algorithms & data structures - continuous & discrete mathematics

Kobbelt, Leif

223

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D -JAVA 3D  

E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - JAVA 3D 1SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D........................................................................................ 78 ©Gary Hill September 2004 Java 3-D 1 of 13 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D 30 Graphics 3D: Introduction to Java 3D Java 3D is a high level, scene graph based Application Programming

Hill, Gary

224

Graphic arts techniques and equipment: A compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technology utilization of NASA sponsored projects involving graphic arts techniques and equipment is discussed. The subjects considered are: (1) modification to graphics tools, (1) new graphics tools, (3) visual aids for graphics, and (4) graphic arts shop hints. Photographs and diagrams are included to support the written material.

1974-01-01

225

Big-Bang reaction rates within the R-matrix model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use the R-matrix theory to fit S-factor data on nuclear reactions involved in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. We derive the reaction rates with associated uncertainties, which are evaluated on statistical grounds. We provide S factors and reaction rates in tabular and graphical formats (available at http://pntpm3.ulb.ac.be/bigbang).

Descouvemont, P.; Adahchour, A.; Angulo, C.; Coc, A.; Vangioni-Flam, E.

2005-07-01

226

Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies  

E-print Network

Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies According RUNNING HEAD: Reward value of food pictures #12;Reward value of food pictures / 2 Abstract A stimulus pictures of food can be rewards for human subjects, with reward value operationalized as the physical

Chabris, Christopher F.

227

Astronomy Picture of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each day a new, beautiful image or picture of our intriguing atmosphere is presented on this Web site, created by NASA, along with a short description written by an expert. By selecting Discover the Cosmos, viewers can visit the archives, which features all the images presented since June 1995. In the Index, the images are also organized into the topics: Cosmos, Solar System, Space Technology, and People; making it easy for educators to incorporate them into lesson plans.

228

The trashing of Big Green  

SciTech Connect

The Big Green initiative on California's ballot lost by a margin of 2-to-1. Green measures lost in five other states, shocking ecology-minded groups. According to the postmortem by environmentalists, Big Green was a victim of poor timing and big spending by the opposition. Now its supporters plan to break up the bill and try to pass some provisions in the Legislature.

Felten, E.

1990-11-26

229

The Big Mo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Momentum is not only a physical principle; it is a psychological phenomenon. Students learn how the "Big Mo" of the bandwagon effect contributes to the development of fads and manias, and how modern technology and mass media accelerate and intensify the effect. Students develop media literacy and critical thinking skills to analyze trends and determine the extent to which their decisions may be influenced by those who manipulate a few opinion leaders. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world â concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia, momentum, friction, stress and tension.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

230

The Big Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth and Space science include many specific facts, theories, and questions, but among these, scientists and educators have identified a certain small set as the "big ideas" that organize the intellectual domain. This project is a synthesis of these statements into a single, compact, and defensible list, identifying the major ideas in Earth and space science that are important for investigation by students. The list of 25 concepts is divided in to seven topic areas: the Earth System, the Geosphere, the Atmosphere, the Hydrosphere, the Biosphere, Space Science, and the Nature of Earth Science. An extensive list of links is provided to teaching resources that address the 25 items on the list.

231

Kinesthetic Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will model the time after the Big Bang when the first nuclei of hydrogen and helium were created. The students will move and display cards that show the elements that are formed. This activity requires a large area - e.g., an outside location, a large classroom with seats moved back, or a gym. This activity is part of the "What is Your Cosmic Connection to the Elements" activity and information booklet. The booklet includes teacher notes and instructions as well as follow-up questions.

232

Big Bang Science Fiction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students create a fictional narrative on the beginning of time. They use their scientific knowledge of the Big Bang Theory and go back into time to when it occurred so they can make observations about it. Students can select from four options for creating a final product that demonstrates their learning using the RAFT (Role, Audience, Format, and Topic) method. This lesson is from the Cosmic Times teachers guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1955 Cosmic Times poster.

233

The Big Sky Inside  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Montana (UM)--Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor air quality and respiratory health outcomes by teaching students chemical, physical, and health concepts in the classroom setting. In addition to designing controlled experiments, students are guided through the process for conducting independent research projects to explore a real-world issue in their communities.

Hammill, Brock; Hester, Carolyn; Jones, David; Vanek, Diana; Adams, Earle; Reckin, Gene

2009-04-01

234

Parallel Graphics and Interactivity with the Scaleable Graphics Engine  

SciTech Connect

A parallel rendering environment is being developed to utilize the IBM Scaleable Graphics Engine (SGE), a hardware frame buffer for parallel computers. Goals of this software development effort include finding efficient ways of producing and displaying graphics generated on SP nodes and of assisting programmers in adapting or creating scientific simulation applications to use the SGE. Four software development phases are discussed utilize the SGE: tunneling, SMP Rendering, graphics API development using an OpenGL API implementation which utilizes the SGE in the parallel environment, and additions to the SGE-enabled OpenGL API implementation that uses threads. The SGE's ability to accept pixel data from multiple nodes simultaneously makes it a viable tool for use. With the performance observed in the test applications and performance optimizations gained programmers writing applications for IBM SPs and Linux clusters will be able to support high-speed output of graphics and be able to interact with data.

Perrine, Kenneth A.; Jones, Donald R.

2001-11-10

235

POSITION DESCRIPTION Promotions & Graphic Design Ambassador  

E-print Network

POSITION DESCRIPTION Promotions & Graphic Design Ambassador Queen's Student Alumni Association (QSAA) Position Summary: The Promotions & Graphic Design Ambassador will be responsible and layout design. The Promotions & Graphic Design Ambassador will work cooperatively with the QSAA

Ellis, Randy

236

A Teachable Graphical Editor Henry Lieberman  

E-print Network

are "visual thinkers": graphic designers, interface designers and multimedia designers who are currently programming languages. Though many designers now use graphical editors, as their work becomes increasingly#12; Chapter 88 Mondrian: A Teachable Graphical Editor by Henry Lieberman Media Laboratory

237

"Big Events" and Networks.  

PubMed

Some, but not all, "big events" such as wars, revolutions, socioeconomic transitions, economic collapses, and ecological disasters in recent years seem to lead to large-scale HIV outbreaks (Friedman et al, in press; Hankins et al 2002). This was true of transitions in the USSR, South Africa and Indonesia, for example, but not those in the Philippines or (so far) in Argentina. It has been hypothesized that whether or not HIV outbreaks occur is shaped in part by the nature and extent of changes in the numbers of voluntary or involuntary risk-takers, which itself may be related to the growth of roles such as sex-sellers or drug sellers; the riskiness of the behaviors engaged in by risk-takers; and changes in sexual and injection networks and other "mixing patterns" variables. Each of these potential causal processes, in turn, is shaped by the nature of pre-existing social networks and the patterns and content of normative regulation and communication that happen within these social networks-and on how these social networks and their characteristics are changed by the "big event" in question. We will present ideas about what research is needed to help understand these events and to help guide both indigenous community-based efforts to prevent HIV outbreaks and also to guide those who organize external intervention efforts and aid. PMID:21796224

Friedman, Samuel; Rossi, Diana; Flom, Peter L

2006-01-01

238

From big bang to big crunch and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study a quotient Conformal Field Theory, which describes a 3+1 dimensional cosmological spacetime. Part of this spacetime is the Nappi-Witten (NW) universe, which starts at a ``big bang'' singularity, expands and then contracts to a ``big crunch'' singularity at a finite time. The gauged WZW model contains a number of copies of the NW spacetime, with each copy connected

Shmuel Elitzur; Amit Giveon; David Kutasov; Eliezer Rabinovici

2002-01-01

239

Quantum fields in a big-crunch-big-bang spacetime  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider quantum field theory on a spacetime representing the big-crunch-big-bang transition postulated in ekpyrotic or cyclic cosmologies. We show via several independent methods that an essentially unique matching rule holds connecting the incoming state, in which a single extra dimension shrinks to zero, to the outgoing state in which it reexpands at the same rate. For free fields in

Andrew J. Tolley; Neil Turok

2002-01-01

240

Big Data, Big Impact: New Possibilities for International Development  

E-print Network

devices, cell phones, and medical devices. Many of these interactions occur through the use of mobile0 Big Data, Big Impact: New Possibilities for International Development #12;1 Executive Summary agricultural production. By analysing patterns from mobile phone usage, a team of researchers in San Francisco

Chen, Keh-Hsun

241

Managing facts and concepts: computer graphics and information graphics from a graphic designer's perspective  

SciTech Connect

This book emphasizes the importance of graphic design for an information-oriented society. In an environment in which many new graphic communication technologies are emerging, it raises some issues which graphic designers and managers of graphic design production should consider in using the new technology effectively. In its final sections, it gives an example of the steps taken in designing a visual narrative as a prototype for responsible information-oriented graphic design. The management of complex facts and concepts, of complex systems of ideas and issues, presented in a visual as well as verbal narrative or dialogue and conveyed through new technology will challenge the graphic design community in the coming decades. This shift to visual-verbal communication has repercussions in the educational system and the political/governance systems that go beyond the scope of this book. If there is a single goal for this book, it is to stimulate the reader and then to provide references that will help you learn more about graphic design in an era of communication when know business is show business.

Marcus, A.

1983-01-01

242

Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines  

E-print Network

We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar

243

Graphical Methods in Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

backgrounds can be difficult. It’s often helpful to provide them with a method of easily determining for themselves the potential for conservation and improvement in their old facilities. Graphical techniques can help accomplish this. This paper...

McAlister, J.

244

Graphical Models Michael I. Jordan  

E-print Network

have viewed graphical models as a general Bayesian "inference engine"(Cowell et al., 1999). What encourages the exploration of extensions of classical methods. Before turning to these examples, however, we

Behnke, Sven

245

Graphical Models Michael I. Jordan  

E-print Network

have viewed graphical models as a general Bayesian ``inference engine''(Cowell et al., 1999). What encourages the exploration of extensions of classical methods. Before turning to these examples, however, we

Jordan, Michael I.

246

Learning Latent Tree Graphical Models  

E-print Network

We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

Choi, Myung Jin

247

Domain and Range--Graphically!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demo is designed to help students use graphical representations of functions to determine the domain and range. A set of interactive Excel spreadsheets and animations are included and can be downloaded.

Roberts, Lila F.; Hill, David R.

248

APSRS state-base graphics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

U.S. Geological Survey

1981-01-01

249

Boulder 'Big Joe' And Surface Changes On Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This pair of pictures from Viking Lander 1 at Mars' Chryse Planitia shows the only unequivocal change in the Martian surface seen by either lander. Both images show the one-meter (3-foot) high boulder nicknamed 'Big Joe.' Just to the lower right of the rock (right photo) is a small-scale slump feature. The picture at left shows a smooth, dust-covered slope; in the picture at right the top surface layer can be seen to have slipped downslope. The event occurred sometime between Oct. 4, 1976, and Jan 24, 1977. (Pictures taken before Oct. 4 do not show the slump; the first picture in which it appears was taken Jan. 24.) The surface layer, between one-half and one centimeter (one-fifth to one-third inch) thick, is apparently less cohesive than the underlying material. The layer that slipped formed a 30-centimeter-long (11.8-inch) 'tongue' of soil and a patch of exposed underlying material. The triggering mechanism for the event is unknown, but could have been temperature variations, wind gusts, a seismic event, or perhaps the lander's touchdown on July 20, 1976.

1976-01-01

250

NIH Abroad: Pictures Are Crowd Pullers  

MedlinePLUS

... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section NIH Abroad: Pictures Are Crowd Pullers Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table ... version of this page please turn Javascript on. "Pictures Are Crowd Pullers …" Art, culture, and the Internet ...

251

Big6 Winter Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Goals: a. Students will be able to identify the four seasons. b. Students will be able to identify three animals (bear, goose, moose) and know their lifestyle patterns in congruence with the four seasons, especially Winter months. c. Students will develop an understanding of their environment. 2nd Grade Standard III: Students will develop an understanding of their environment Objective 2: Observe and describe weather Goal C: Describe how weather affects people and weather Lesson Objectives: a. Identify the seasons and represent each with pictures and songs. b. Observe and describe typical weather for each of ...

Cook, Mrs.

2010-11-05

252

Big, Fat World of Lipids  

MedlinePLUS

... The Big, Fat World of Lipids Inside Life Science View All Articles | Inside Life Science Home Page The Big, Fat World of Lipids ... Fats Do in the Body? This Inside Life Science article also appears on LiveScience . Learn about related ...

253

Big Data and Privacy Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of social networks, mobile technologies, smart phones, tablet devices, Web 2.0, prospective semantic Web, geolocation technologies and machine to machine communications (M2M) we are faced with a never before seen amount of Data -thus Big Data. We are also witnessing leap improvements in the data mining, machine learning techniques that will enable the analysis of this Big

2012-01-01

254

How Different is Big Data?  

Microsoft Academic Search

One buzzword that has been popular in the last couple of years is Big Data. In simplest terms, Big Data symbolizes the aspiration to build platforms and tools to ingest, store and analyze data that can be voluminous, diverse, and possibly fast changing. In this talk, I will try to reflect on a few of the technical problems presented by

Surajit Chaudhuri

2012-01-01

255

The International Big History Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IBHA, the International Big History Association, was organized in 2010 and "promotes the unified, interdisciplinary study and teaching of history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life, and Humanity." This is the vision that Montessori embraced long before the discoveries of modern science fleshed out the story of the evolving universe. "Big History" is a…

Duffy, Michael; Duffy, D'Neil

2013-01-01

256

Picture independent quantum action principle  

SciTech Connect

The Schwinger action principle for quantum mechanics is extended into a picture independent form. This displays the quantum connection. Time variations are formulated as variations of a time variable and included into the kinematical variations. Kets and bras represent experimental operations. Experimental operations at different times cannot be identified. The ket and the bra spaces are fiber bundles over time. The same applies to the classical configuration space. For the classical action principle the action can be varied by changing the path or the classical variables. The latter variation of classical functions corresponds to kinematical variations of quantum variables. The picture independent formulation represents time evolution by a connection. A standard experiment is represented by a ket, a connection and a bra. For particular start and end times of experiments, the action and the contraction into a transition amplitude are elements of a new tensor space of quantum correspondents of path functionals. The classical correspondent of the transition amplitude is the probability for a specified state to evolve along a particular path segment. The elements of the dual tensor space represent standard experiments or superpositions thereof. The kinematical variations of the quantum variables are commuting numbers. Variations that include the effect of Poincare or gauge transformations have different commutator properties. The Schwinger action principle is derived from the Feynman path integral formulation. The limitations from the time-energy uncertainty relation might be accommodated by superposing experiments that differ in their start- and end-times. In its picture independent form the action principle can be applied to all superpositions of standard experiments. This may involve superpositions of different connections. The extension of the superposition principle to connections allows representation of a quantum field by a part of the connection.

Mantke, W.J.

1992-01-01

257

Emerging Digital Data Exchange Standards For The Graphic Arts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The standardization of the interchange of color pictures between color electronic prepress systems (CEPS) and CEPS related systems or components, has been accomplished with the ratification of Digital Data Exchange Standard (DDES). Now UEF01 for the exchange of line art data is also an ANSI Standard, and User Exchange Format (UEF00). Work is nearing completion on three other fronts with formats for Geometric Art files, device exchange standards for a digital color proofing systems, and monotone image formats. These standards and other standards coordination efforts, assisted by the formation of the Committee for Graphic Arts Technical Standards (CGATS), should help tie the fragmented graphic arts industry together and improve its overall productivity.

Cloud, Kennard S.

1989-04-01

258

Motion pictures and youth: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses a series of twelve studies of the influence of motion pictures upon children and youth that was made by the Committee on Educational Research of the Payne Fund at the request of the National Committee for the Study of Social Values in Motion Pictures, now the Motion Picture Research Council. The studies were designed to secure authoritative and impersonal

C. M. Louttit

1934-01-01

259

The Role of Decorative Pictures in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments with students from 7th and 8th grade were performed to investigate the effects of decorative pictures in learning as compared to instructional pictures. Pictures were considered as instructional, when they were primarily informative, and as decorative, when they were primarily aesthetically appealing. The experiments…

Lenzner, Alwine; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Müller, Andreas

2013-01-01

260

Picture coding using pseudo-random noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to transmit television pictures over a digital channel, it is necessary to send a binary code which represents the intensity level at each point in the picture. For good picture quality using standard PCM transmission, at least six bits are required at each sample point, since the eye is very sensitive to the small intensity steps introduced by

LAWREKCE GILMAK ROBERTS

1962-01-01

261

Pattern Perception and Pictures for the Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recent research on perception of tangible pictures in sighted and blind people. Haptic picture naming accuracy is dependent upon familiarity and access to semantic memory, just as in visual recognition. Performance is high when haptic picture recognition tasks do not depend upon semantic memory. Viewpoint matters for the ease…

Heller, Morton A.; McCarthy, Melissa; Clark, Ashley

2005-01-01

262

Teaching Young Children to Make Picture Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching young children to make picture books provides the opportunity to both record and to share personal experiences in a unique format. Two powerful modes of thought and expression, the linguistic and the visual, are naturally integrated in the process of picture bookmaking. The public recognition of picture bookmaking efforts empowers young children who are struggling to master the reading

Jeffrey C. Brewster

1997-01-01

263

Hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors have designed and produced a hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book" as teaching material in astronomy, and demonstrated it at a public event, The Geo-Carnival for Children, held in Osaka in 2007. The aim of this picture book is to introduce the cosmos to children. This picture book was also used in the university class.

Sumitomo, Naoko; Shibata, Takeru; Mizoguchi, Saori; Nishiyama, Shinji; Fukue, Jun

2008-12-01

264

Optimized Laplacian image sharpening algorithm based on graphic processing unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In classical Laplacian image sharpening, all pixels are processed one by one, which leads to large amount of computation. Traditional Laplacian sharpening processed on CPU is considerably time-consuming especially for those large pictures. In this paper, we propose a parallel implementation of Laplacian sharpening based on Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), which is a computing platform of Graphic Processing Units (GPU), and analyze the impact of picture size on performance and the relationship between the processing time of between data transfer time and parallel computing time. Further, according to different features of different memory, an improved scheme of our method is developed, which exploits shared memory in GPU instead of global memory and further increases the efficiency. Experimental results prove that two novel algorithms outperform traditional consequentially method based on OpenCV in the aspect of computing speed.

Ma, Tinghuai; Li, Lu; Ji, Sai; Wang, Xin; Tian, Yuan; Al-Dhelaan, Abdullah; Al-Rodhaan, Mznah

2014-12-01

265

Big Bang Darkleosynthesis  

E-print Network

In a popular class of models, dark matter comprises an asymmetric population of composite particles with short range interactions arising from a confined nonabelian gauge group. We show that coupling this sector to a well-motivated light mediator particle yields efficient darkleosynthesis, a dark-sector version of big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), in generic regions of parameter space. Dark matter self-interaction bounds typically require the confinement scale to be above \\Lambda_{QCD}, which generically yields large (>>MeV/dark-nucleon) binding energies. These bounds further suggest the mediator is relatively weakly coupled, so repulsive forces between dark-sector nuclei are much weaker than coulomb repulsion between standard-model nuclei, which results in an exponential barrier-tunneling enhancement over standard BBN. Thus, dark nuclei are easier to make and harder to break than visible species with comparable mass numbers. This process can efficiently yield a dominant population of states with masses signifi...

Krnjaic, Gordan

2014-01-01

266

Big Box Reuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By now, the story is a familiar one, particularly for small towns and various exurban areas: A major retailer constructs what is referred to as a "big box" commercial building, and subsequently closes up shop several years later. While there is often a great public hue and cry over the construction of such buildings, few people have looked into what happens to these structures after they are abandoned. Julia Christensen (a MFA student at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) has stepped into the fray to help answer that question. With the use of an interactive map of the United States, visitors can view the transformation of such structures from major retail outlets into flea markets, churches, apartments, and a host of other uses. For each site, Christensen has also included photographs of how the building has been reused and adapted, adding a nice dimension to her work. Planners, architectural pundits, and others will find plenty to keep themselves busy within this intriguing site.

267

Big Dig Archeology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Boston Museum of Science comes the Big Dig Archeology educational Web site. Visitors get a chance to explore Spectacle Island, an archaeological site just offshore from the City of Boston. They begin by learning about the site itself, what it looked like, what tools the Native Americans used, what food they ate, and other physical and natural histories of the island. A wide range of descriptions and photographs are available, as well as several interesting QuickTime movies of the island's early history, its recent history, and a description of the excavation from an actual archaeologist. The well-designed site does a good job of providing non-technical descriptions and enough multimedia content to make it enjoyable for kids of all ages.

268

Titania - Highest Resolution Voyager Picture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the highest-resolution picture of Titania returned by Voyager 2. The picture is a composite of two images taken Jan. 24, 1986, through the clear filter of Voyager's narrow-angle camera. At the time, the spacecraft was 369,000 kilometers (229,000 miles) from the Uranian moon; the resolution was 13 km (8 mi). Titania is the largest satellite of Uranus, with a diameter of a little more than 1,600 km (1,000 mi). Abundant impact craters of many sizes pockmark the ancient surface. The most prominent features are fault valleys that stretch across Titania. They are up to 1,500 km (nearly 1,000 mi) long and as much as 75 km (45 mi) wide. In valleys seen at right-center, the sunward-facing walls are very bright. While this is due partly to the lighting angle, the brightness also indicates the presence of a lighter material, possibly young frost deposits. An impact crater more than 200 km (125 mi) in diameter distinguishes the very bottom of the disk; the crater is cut by a younger fault valley more than 100 km (60 mi) wide. An even larger impact crater, perhaps 300 km (180 mi) across, is visible at top. The Voyager project is managed for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

1986-01-01

269

Graphic Poetry: How to Help Students Get the Most out of Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to give an account of some innovative work in paintings and modern poetry and to show how modern poets, such as Jane Flanders and Anne Sexton, the two American poets in particular, express and develop radically new conventions for their respective arts. Also elaborated are how such changes in artistic techniques are related to…

Chiang, River Ya-ling

2013-01-01

270

Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

E-print Network

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the "boundaries" of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point $x$. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to $x$ and possibly of the light cone of $x$. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from "the end of previous aeon" of the expanding and cooling Universe to the "beginning of the next aeon" is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Yuri I. Manin; Matilde Marcolli

2014-02-10

271

Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the ''boundaries'' of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point x. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to x and possibly of the light cone of x. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from ''the end of previous aeon'' of the expanding and cooling Universe to the ''beginning of the next aeon'' is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Manin, Yuri I.; Marcolli, Matilde

2014-07-01

272

Big bang and big crunch in matrix string theory  

SciTech Connect

Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null cosmologies with a big bang in terms of matrix string theory put forward by Craps, Sethi, and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a universe including both big bang and big crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using matrix string theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed universe.

Bedford, J.; Ward, J. [Centre for Research in String Theory, Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, CERN-Theory Division, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Papageorgakis, C. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Rodriguez-Gomez, D. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2007-04-15

273

Cascaded Processing in Written Naming: Evidence from the Picture-Picture Interference Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a "ball" superimposed on a picture of a "bed").…

Roux, Sebastien; Bonin, Patrick

2012-01-01

274

Portrait: A Graphic Novel and Artist's Book  

Microsoft Academic Search

At this exact moment, graphic novels are enjoying a heyday of popularity, profusion and attention. As the graphic novel medium matures and detaches itself from the “non-serious” reputation of comics, it is becoming clear that graphic novels are a powerful and effective art form, using the both verbal and the visual to relay their narratives. Portrait, the short graphic novel

Rosalie Edholm

2010-01-01

275

Graphic Novels in Your School Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators now agree that graphic novels inform as well as entertain, and to dismiss the educational potential of the graphic novel is to throw away a golden opportunity to reach out to young readers. This dynamic book takes a look at the term "graphic novel," how the format has become entwined in our culture, and the ways in which graphic

Karp, Jesse

2011-01-01

276

_cua uon_erence Computer Graphics 86  

E-print Network

the User's Poin¢ of View: A Graphic Designer's Perspective Daniel J Boyarski Interface Design Consultant, is not fully appreciated. As a graphic designer, and as a member of an interface design team, I will discuss my system. What is a Graphic Designer? A graphic designer is a visual communicator of information

277

Binghamton University Arts 410 Graphic Design III  

E-print Network

Graphic DesignIII Binghamton University 410Arts #12;Arts 410 Graphic Design III Instructor, Mike of the design process, the grid and your creativity will separate you as an advanced graphic design student from as possible, but, take your work seriously. #12;Arts 410 Graphic Design III Procedures and Requirements: 1

Suzuki, Masatsugu

278

Research of Dimension Teaching in graphic design  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the specialty of visual communication's necessary course, graphic design takes on leading role in teaching. Dimension Teaching in graphic design is embodiment of systematic teaching, it applies to each design special field, sums up systematic research result, provides more effective learning method and rule to graphic design teaching by the research of thinking method, graphic research test and the

Zhongyang Li; Weimin Du; Tian Liu

2010-01-01

279

Computer Graphics. Curriculum Guide for Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for a 1-quarter or 1-semester course in computer graphics is designed to be used with Apple II computers. Some of the topics covered include the following: computer graphics terminology and applications, operating Apple computers, graphics programming in BASIC using various programs and commands, computer graphics painting,…

Craft, Clyde O.

280

Graphics-System Color-Code Interface  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Circuit originally developed for a flight simulator interfaces a computer graphics system with color monitor. Subsystem is intended for particular display computer (AGT-130, ADAGE Graphics Terminal) and specific color monitor (beam penetration tube--Penetron). Store-and-transmit channel is one of five in graphics/color-monitor interface. Adding 5-bit color code to existing graphics programs requires minimal programing effort.

Tulppo, J. S.

1982-01-01

281

Urban transportation planning using interactive graphics  

SciTech Connect

The following are discussed: EMME/2--interactive graphic method for road and transit planning; Jeffries freeway corridor transit design project by using the IGTD system; Applications of interactive graphics in urban transit analysis; Mapping origin-destination patterns in space and time by using interactive graphics; Graphical and mathematical methods in the analysis of urban gasoline consumption.

Babin, A.; Florian, M.; James-Lefebvre, L.; Spiess, H.; Gallio, L.D.

1982-01-01

282

Antinomies of Semiotics in Graphic Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following paper assesses the roles played by semiotics in graphic design and in graphic design education, which both reflects and shapes practice. It identifies a series of factors; graphic design education methods and culture; semiotic theories themselves and their application to graphic design; the two wings of Peircian semiotics and…

Storkerson, Peter

2010-01-01

283

Sailing through the big crunch-big bang transition  

E-print Network

In a recent series of papers, we have shown that theories with scalar fields coupled to gravity (e.g., the standard model) can be lifted to a Weyl-invariant equivalent theory in which it is possible to unambiguously trace the classical cosmological evolution through the transition from big crunch to big bang. The key was identifying a sufficient number of finite, Weyl-invariant conserved quantities to uniquely match the fundamental cosmological degrees of freedom across the transition. In so doing we had to account for the well-known fact that many Weyl-invariant quantities diverge at the crunch and bang. Recently, some authors rediscovered a few of these divergences and concluded based on their existence alone that the theories cannot be geodesically complete. In this note, we show that this conclusion is invalid. Using conserved quantities we explicitly construct the complete set of geodesics and show that they pass continuously through the big crunch-big bang transition.

Itzhak Bars; Paul Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2013-12-03

284

Homogeneous and isotropic big rips?  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the way big rips are approached in a fully inhomogeneous description of the space-time geometry. If the pressure and energy densities are connected by a (supernegative) barotropic index, the spatial gradients and the anisotropic expansion decay as the big rip is approached. This behavior is contrasted with the usual big-bang singularities. A similar analysis is performed in the case of sudden (quiescent) singularities and it is argued that the spatial gradients may well be non-negligible in the vicinity of pressure singularities.

Giovannini, Massimo [Centro 'Enrico Fermi', Compendio del Viminale, Via Panisperna 89/A, 00184 Rome (Italy); Department of Physics, Theory Division, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2005-10-15

285

Graphical programming of telerobotic tasks  

SciTech Connect

With a goal of producing faster, safer, and cheaper technologies for nuclear waste cleanup, Sandia is actively developing and extending intelligent systems technologies. Graphical Programming is a key technology for robotic waste cleanup that Sandia is developing for this goal. This paper describes Sancho, Sandia most advanced Graphical Programming supervisory software. Sancho, now operational on several robot systems, incorporates all of Sandia`s recent advances in supervisory control. Sancho, developed to rapidly apply Graphical Programming on a diverse set of robot systems, uses a general set of tools to implement task and operational behavior. Sancho can be rapidly reconfigured for new tasks and operations without modifying the supervisory code. Other innovations include task-based interfaces, event-based sequencing, and sophisticated GUI design. These innovations have resulted in robot control programs and approaches that are easier and safer to use than teleoperation, off-line programming, or full automation.

Small, D.E.; McDonald, M.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center

1997-02-01

286

PHIGS PLUS for scientific graphics  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives a brief overview of the use of computer graphics standards in the scientific community. It particularly details how how PHIGS PLUS meets the needs of users at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Although standards for computer graphics have improved substantially over the past decade, their acceptance in the scientific community has been slow. As the use and diversity of computers has increased, the scientific graphics libraries have not been able to keep pace with the additional capabilities these new machines offer. Therefore, several organizations have or are now working on converting their scientific libraries to reset upon a portable standard. This paper will address why is transition has been so slow and offer suggestions for future standards work to enhance scientific visualization. This work was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-Eng-48.

Crawfis, R.A.

1991-01-14

287

Trend Monitoring System (TMS) graphics software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype bus communications systems, which is being used to support the Trend Monitoring System (TMS) and to evaluate the bus concept is considered. A set of FORTRAN-callable graphics subroutines for the host MODCOMP comuter, and an approach to splitting graphics work between the host and the system's intelligent graphics terminals are described. The graphics software in the MODCOMP and the operating software package written for the graphics terminals are included.

Brown, J. S.

1979-01-01

288

Graphic Journeys: Graphic Novels' Representations of Immigrant Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how immigrant experiences are represented in the narratives of three graphic novels published in the last decade: Tan's (2007) "The Arrival," Kiyama's (1931/1999) "The Four Immigrants Manga: A Japanese Experience in San Francisco, 1904-1924," and Yang's (2006) "American Born Chinese." Through a theoretical lens informed by…

Boatright, Michael D.

2010-01-01

289

An enumeration of graphical designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Let $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ denote the set of pairs $(v,\\\\lambda)$ for which there exists\\u000aa graphical $t$-$(v,k,\\\\lambda)$ design. Most results on graphical designs have\\u000agone to show the finiteness of $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ when $t$ and $k$ satisfy certain\\u000aconditions. The exact determination of $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ for specified $t$ and $k$ is\\u000aa hard problem and only $\\\\Psi(2,3)$, $\\\\Psi(2,4)$, $\\\\Psi(3,4)$, $\\\\Psi(4,5)$, and\\u000a$\\\\Psi(5,6)$ have been

Yeow Meng Chee; Petteri Kaski

2008-01-01

290

An Enumeration of Graphical Designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Let $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ denote the set of pairs $(v,\\\\lambda)$ for which there exists a graphical $t$-$(v,k,\\\\lambda)$ design. Most results on graphical designs have gone to show the finiteness of $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ when $t$ and $k$ satisfy certain conditions. The exact determination of $\\\\Psi(t,k)$ for specified $t$ and $k$ is a hard problem and only $\\\\Psi(2,3)$, $\\\\Psi(2,4)$, $\\\\Psi(3,4)$, $\\\\Psi(4,5)$, and $\\\\Psi(5,6)$ have been

Yeow Meng Chee; Petteri Kaski

2007-01-01

291

Hayaku: Designing and Optimizing Finely Tuned and Portable Interactive Graphics with a Graphical Compiler  

E-print Network

Hayaku: Designing and Optimizing Finely Tuned and Portable Interactive Graphics with a Graphical that supports de- signing finely tuned interactive graphics. With Hayaku, a designer can abstract graphics- end of the compiler is a rich standard graphical language that designers can use with existing drawing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Submitted to Provost Hexter  

E-print Network

BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT Submitted to Provost Hexter February 22, 2013 #12..................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Big Data, Big Challenges, Big Opportunities ......................................................................................... 5 2. UC Davis and Big Data: State of the Art and Current Needs

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

293

Big Bang Darkleosynthesis  

E-print Network

In a popular class of models, dark matter comprises an asymmetric population of composite particles with short range interactions arising from a confined nonabelian gauge group. We show that coupling this sector to a well-motivated light mediator particle yields efficient darkleosynthesis, a dark-sector version of big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), in generic regions of parameter space. Dark matter self-interaction bounds typically require the confinement scale to be above \\Lambda_{QCD}, which generically yields large (>>MeV/dark-nucleon) binding energies. These bounds further suggest the mediator is relatively weakly coupled, so repulsive forces between dark-sector nuclei are much weaker than coulomb repulsion between standard-model nuclei, which results in an exponential barrier-tunneling enhancement over standard BBN. Thus, dark nuclei are easier to make and harder to break than visible species with comparable mass numbers. This process can efficiently yield a dominant population of states with masses significantly greater than the confinement scale and, in contrast to dark matter that is a fundamental particle, may allow the dominant form of dark matter to have high spin > 3/2.

Gordan Krnjaic; Kris Sigurdson

2014-06-04

294

Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy fantastic fact?  

E-print Network

Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy or fantastic fact? Andreas Korn Institutionen för astronomi och rymdfysik, Uppsala universitet #12;The evolution of the Cosmos Big Bang Big-Bang nucleosynthesis microwave #12;The pillars of the Big-Bang theory 1. The expansion of the Universe Distant objects are receeding

Korn, Andreas

295

Creation and Big Bang Cosmology Hoylesteady-  

E-print Network

/ Creation and Big Bang Cosmology PDFPDF Hoylesteady- state theory William Lane Craig (Big UniversityArizona State University #12; Source: "Creation and Big Bang Cosmology." Philosophia Naturalis 31-232. Ed. Patrick Suppes. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Grünbaum, Adolf. [1990]. "Pseudo-Creation of the Big Bang

Yu, Alex

296

Big Data book January 18, 2013  

E-print Network

Big Data book lalala January 18, 2013 #12;ii #12;Contents 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data 1 6.1 The Data Access Problem of Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6.2 Ontology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 i #12;ii CONTENTS #12;Chapter 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data Martin Giese,1 Diego

Calvanese, Diego

297

Challenges of Big Data Analysis  

PubMed Central

Big Data bring new opportunities to modern society and challenges to data scientists. On one hand, Big Data hold great promises for discovering subtle population patterns and heterogeneities that are not possible with small-scale data. On the other hand, the massive sample size and high dimensionality of Big Data introduce unique computational and statistical challenges, including scalability and storage bottleneck, noise accumulation, spurious correlation, incidental endogeneity, and measurement errors. These challenges are distinguished and require new computational and statistical paradigm. This article gives overviews on the salient features of Big Data and how these features impact on paradigm change on statistical and computational methods as well as computing architectures. We also provide various new perspectives on the Big Data analysis and computation. In particular, we emphasize on the viability of the sparsest solution in high-confidence set and point out that exogeneous assumptions in most statistical methods for Big Data can not be validated due to incidental endogeneity. They can lead to wrong statistical inferences and consequently wrong scientific conclusions. PMID:25419469

Fan, Jianqing; Han, Fang; Liu, Han

2014-01-01

298

GRAPHICAL MODELS, CAUSALITY, AND INTERVENTION  

E-print Network

, rejecting the causal interpretation of arcs prevents us from using graphical models for making legitimate probabilistic causal theories; each child­parent family in a DAG \\Gamma represents a deterministic function X i = f i (pa i ; ffl i ), where pa i are the parents of variable X i in \\Gamma, and ffl i ; 0 ! i ! n

California at Los Angeles, University of

299

CourtesyofDisney Computer Graphics  

E-print Network

Disney's newest star When the animators at Walt Disney Studios first dressed up Rapunzel, the long, a senior research scientist at Walt Disney Anima- tion Studios Research."But when a character wearing freeCourtesyofDisney Advances Computer Graphics Fit for a Princess How the laws of physics helped style

Millis, Andrew

300

An Interactive Graphics Display Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique for redesigning a display controller within a traditional graphics display system is outlined. By performing complicated computations within the display controller, the system may be optimized for the needs of a virtual reality display system. Wide angle viewing lens effects and response to user head rotations may be compensated for within the display controller, avoiding the rendering bottleneck.

Matthew Regan; Ronald Pose

1993-01-01

301

Graphics techniques in concurrent simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses work occurring in the hypercube simulation laboratory and visualization schemes for concurrent simulation. The principle contribution of this work is that of a cost effective technical approach to simulation visualization. This approach is being replicated and applied to contemporary large scale simulation problems of interest around the country.Since the hypercube graphics interface is a working prototype there

Van Warren; Pasadena California

1988-01-01

302

Graphic design of program text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer programs, like literature, deserve attention not only to conceptual and verbal (linguistic) structure but also to visual structure, i.e., the qualities of alphanumeric text fonts and other graphic symbols, the spatial arrangement of isolated texts and symbols, the temporal sequencing of individual parts of the program, and the use of color (including gray values). With the increasing numbers of

Aaron Marcus; Ronald Baecker

1982-01-01

303

Revised adage graphics computer system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bootstrap loader and mode-control options for Adage Graphics Computer System Significantly simplify operations procedures. Normal load and control functions are performed quickly and easily from control console. Operating characteristics of revised system include greatly increased speed, convenience, and reliability.

Tulppo, J. S.

1980-01-01

304

Computer graphics and economic transformations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer graphics-based technologies are becoming increasingly intertwined with the patterns of economic change. The technologies of SIGGRAPH are understandable. The economic environment in which they thrive is not. The opportunities of the future are connected to our technological legacy. But forces more biological than mechanical are beginning to shape business and economic methods. These forces affect the diffusion of computer

Maury Klein; Craig Moody; David Reed; Michael L. Rothschild

1994-01-01

305

Computation on Programmable Graphics Hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

GPUs have evolved into powerful and flexible streaming processors with fully programmable floating-point pipelines and tremendous aggregate computational power and memory bandwidth. With these advances, modern GPUs can now perform more functions than the specific graphics computations for which they were designed. This article describes approaches to using GPU processing power to accelerate traditionally CPU-based tasks. We discuss some important

Nolan Goodnight; Rui Wang; Greg Humphreys

2005-01-01

306

Graphic Arts. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content from which secondary level instructors can extract a graphic arts curriculum that meets local needs. Primarily oriented towards classroom use, this guide may also assist administrators, counselors, and lay people involved in local school systems. Following a…

Sappe, J. Hoyt; And Others

307

Soap bubbles. 2 [Computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

For pt.1 see ibid., previous issue. Soap bubbles are fragile, beautiful phenomena. They're fun to make and play with, and their geometry is as clean and elegant as anything in nature, which makes them particularly suited to computer graphics. In pt.1 I discussed the nature of soap films. These thin sheets of soapy water have less surface tension than water

A. Glassner

2000-01-01

308

Artificial evolution for computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how evolutionary techniques of variation and selection can be used to create complex simulated structures, textures, and motions for use in computer graphics and animation. Interactive selection, based on visual perception of procedurally generated results, allows the user to direct simulated evolutions in preferred directions. Several examples using these methods have been implemented and are described. 3D

Karl Sims

1991-01-01

309

GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES  

E-print Network

Chapter 14 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES Jie Zhou1 , David Zhang2 , Jinwei Gu1@comp.polyu.edu.hk; gujinwei98@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn; wunannan99@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn Abstract Fingerprint recognition is very important in automatic personal identification. In conventional fingerprint recognition algorithms

Gu, Jinwei

310

The Titan Graphics Supercomputer Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design criteria for the Titan are outlined, and the hardware, architecture, and implementation developed to meet them are examined. The key architectural elements in Titan are described, and the reasoning behind their selection is presented. Titan's processor subsystem is explored, focusing on how it reduces the cost and complexity of graphics-specific hardware. The design constraints and implementation of the

Tom Diede; Carl F. Hagenmaier; Glen S. Miranker; Jonathan J. Rubinstein; William S. Worley Jr.

1988-01-01

311

Graphic Communications. Career Education Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide is designed to provide students with realistic training in graphic communications theory and practice within the secondary educational framework and to prepare them for entry into an occupation or continuing postsecondary education. The program modules outlined in the guide have been grouped into four areas: printing,…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC. European Area.

312

Graphical Models MLSS 2010, Canberra  

E-print Network

, H ,P: GMs can represent P(B,F,A,H,P) compactly Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal) with edges (note: graphical b/c graph properties CI) Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal=false ­ Want to know probability of B given evidence · Answer: evaluate P(B | H=true, P=false) Bubonic Plague

Sanner, Scott

313

Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor  

E-print Network

Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor Dr Khalil SimaDr Khalil Sima--2019) This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017)This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017 ... Statistical LearningLinguistics Machine TranslationMachine Translation #12;BIG DATABIG DATA What Comes to Mind

Sima'an, Khalil

314

SraTailor: Graphical user interface software for processing and visualizing ChIP-seq data.  

PubMed

Raw data from ChIP-seq (chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with massively parallel DNA sequencing) experiments are deposited in public databases as SRAs (Sequence Read Archives) that are publically available to all researchers. However, to graphically visualize ChIP-seq data of interest, the corresponding SRAs must be downloaded and converted into BigWig format, a process that involves complicated command-line processing. This task requires users to possess skill with script languages and sequence data processing, a requirement that prevents a wide range of biologists from exploiting SRAs. To address these challenges, we developed SraTailor, a GUI (Graphical User Interface) software package that automatically converts an SRA into a BigWig-formatted file. Simplicity of use is one of the most notable features of SraTailor: entering an accession number of an SRA and clicking the mouse are the only steps required to obtain BigWig-formatted files and to graphically visualize the extents of reads at given loci. SraTailor is also able to make peak calls, generate files of other formats, process users' own data, and accept various command-line-like options. Therefore, this software makes ChIP-seq data fully exploitable by a wide range of biologists. SraTailor is freely available at http://www.devbio.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp/sra_tailor/, and runs on both Mac and Windows machines. PMID:25324176

Oki, Shinya; Maehara, Kazumitsu; Ohkawa, Yasuyuki; Meno, Chikara

2014-12-01

315

The BSW Impact Picture 30 Years After  

E-print Network

Thirty years ago Bourrely-Soffer-Wu (BSW) investigated an impact picture description of $p-p$ and $\\bar p -p$ elastic scattering with success. For this anniversary, a short review of the main features of this picture will be presented with its evolution over the years. The future experiments at the LHC collider will provide decisive tests for the impact picture at high energy.

Claude Bourrely

2008-10-31

316

Getting the Big Picture in Community Science: Methods That Capture Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community science has a rich tradition of using theories and research designs that are consistent with its core value of contextualism. However, a survey of empirical articles published in the American Journal of Community Psychology shows that community scientists utilize a narrow range of statistical tools that are not well suited to assess contextual data. Multilevel modeling, geographic information systems

Douglas A. Luke

2005-01-01

317

Assessing Risk in Focal Arboviral Infections: Are We Missing the Big or Little Picture?  

PubMed Central

Background Focal arboviral infections affecting a subset of the overall population present an often overlooked set of challenges in the assessment and reporting of risk and the detection of spatial patterns. Our objective was to assess the variation in risk when using different at-risk populations and geographic scales for the calculation of incidence risk and the detection of geographic hot-spots of infection. We explored these variations using a pediatric arbovirus, La Crosse virus (LACV), as our model. Methods and Findings Descriptive and cluster analyses were performed on probable and confirmed cases of LACV infections reported to the Tennessee Department of Health from 1997 to 2006, using three at-risk populations (the total population, the population 18 years and younger, and the population 15 years and younger) and at two geographic levels (county and census tract) to assess the variation in incidence risk and to investigate evidence of clustering using both global and local spatial statistics. We determined that the most appropriate at-risk population to calculate incidence risk and to assess the evidence of clustering was the population 15 years and younger. Based on our findings, the most appropriate geographical level to conduct spatial analyses and report incidence risk is the census tract level. The incidence risk in the population 15 years and younger at the county level ranged from 0 to 226.5 per 100,000 persons (median 41.5) in those counties reporting cases (n?=?14) and at the census tract level it ranged from 50.9 to 673.9 per 100,000 persons (median 126.7) in those census tracts reporting cases (n?=?51). To our knowledge, this is the highest reported incidence risk for this population at the county level for Tennessee and at the census tract level nationally. Conclusion The results of this study indicate the possibility of missing disease clusters resulting from performing incidence risk investigations of focal diseases using inappropriate at-risk populations and/or at large geographic scales. Improved disease surveillance and health planning will result through the use of well defined at-risk populations and the use of appropriate geographic scales for the analysis and reporting of diseases. The finding of a high incidence risk of LACV infections in eastern Tennessee demonstrates that the vast majority of these infections continue to be under-diagnosed and/or underreported in this region. Persistent prevention and surveillance efforts will be required to reduce exposure to infectious vectors and to detect new cases of infection in this region. Application of this study's observations in future investigations will enhance the quantification of incidence risk and the identification of high-risk groups within the population. PMID:19742311

Haddow, Andrew D.; Jones, Carl J.; Odoi, Agricola

2009-01-01

318

The Big Picture of Individual Differences in Physical Activity Behavior Change: A Transdisciplinary Approach  

PubMed Central

The goal of this research is to utilize a transdisciplinary framework to guide the selection of putative moderators of the effectiveness of an intervention to promote physical activity behavior adoption and maintenance in the context of a randomized controlled intervention trial. Effective interventions to increase physical activity are sorely needed, and one barrier to the identification and development of such interventions is the lack of research targeted at understanding both the mechanisms of intervention efficacy and for whom particular interventions are effective. The purpose of this paper is to outline our transdisciplinary approach to understanding individual differences in the effectiveness of a previously successful exercise promotion intervention. We explain the rationale for and operationalization of our framework, characteristics of the study to which we apply the framework, and planned analyses. By embracing a transdisciplinary orientation for individual differences important in the prediction of physical activity (spanning molecular approaches, animal models, human laboratory models, and social psychological models), we hope to have a better understanding of characteristics of individuals that are important in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity. PMID:21278837

Nilsson, Renea; Tompkins, Sara Anne; Magnan, Renee E.; Marcus, Bess H.; Hutchison, Kent E.

2010-01-01

319

Getting the Big Picture on Small Screens: Quality of Experience in Mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter provides an overview of the key factors that influence the quality of experience (QoE) of mobile TV services. It compiles the current knowledge from empirical studies and recommendations on four key requirements for the uptake of mobile TV services: (1) handset usability and its acceptance by the user, (2) the technical performance and reliability of the service, (3)

Chapter XIV

320

IYA2009 Programs in Canada: The "Big Picture” In June, 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership--Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ) and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)--is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programs, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through The Galileo Moment theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programs of Canada's major Planetaria and Science Centres, a National Astronomy Lecture Series, as well as partnerships with Arts and Cultural Organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams in high-traffic locales. Efforts are underway to secure commemorative stamps and coins, with recent encouraging news about the former. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a CD/DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See www.astronomy2009.ca for current information.

Hesser, James E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P. L.; Percy, J. R.; Canada Committee, IYA

2008-05-01

321

IYA2009 Programmes in Canada: The ``Big Picture'' in June 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership---Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ), and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)---is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programmes, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through the `Galileo Moment' theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and/or virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programmes of Canada's major planetaria and science centres, a national astronomy lecture series, as well as partnerships with arts and cultural organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement in high-traffic locales From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams. Our proposal for commemorative stamps has been accepted, and efforts are underway to secure commemorative coins, as well. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See http://www.astronomy2009.ca for current information.

Hesser, J. E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P.; Percy, J. R.

2008-11-01

322

Endocannabinoids in nervous system health and disease: the big picture in a nutshell  

PubMed Central

The psychoactive component of the cannabis resin and flowers, delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), was first isolated in 1964, and at least 70 other structurally related ‘phytocannabinoid’ compounds have since been identified. The serendipitous identification of a G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptor at which THC is active in the brain heralded an explosion in cannabinoid research. Elements of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) comprise the cannabinoid receptors, a family of nascent lipid ligands, the ‘endocannabinoids’ and the machinery for their biosynthesis and metabolism. The function of the ECS is thus defined by modulation of these receptors, in particular, by two of the best-described ligands, 2-arachidonoyl glycerol and anandamide (arachidonylethanolamide). Research on the ECS has recently aroused enormous interest not only for the physiological functions, but also for the promising therapeutic potentials of drugs interfering with the activity of cannabinoid receptors. Many of the former relate to stress-recovery systems and to the maintenance of homeostatic balance. Among other functions, the ECS is involved in neuroprotection, modulation of nociception, regulation of motor activity, neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity and the control of certain phases of memory processing. In addition, the ECS acts to modulate the immune and inflammatory responses and to maintain a positive energy balance. This theme issue aims to provide the reader with an overview of ECS pharmacology, followed by discussions on the pivotal role of this system in the modulation of neurogenesis in the developing and adult organism, memory processes and synaptic plasticity, as well as in pathological pain and brain ageing. The volume will conclude with discussions that address the proposed therapeutic applications of targeting the ECS for the treatment of neurodegeneration, pain and mental illness. PMID:23108539

Skaper, Stephen D.; Di Marzo, Vincenzo

2012-01-01

323

NOW SHOWING! The Big Picture -- Putting the SCR Sample in Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerous white, red, and brown dwarfs are being discovered in the solar neighborhood by a number of groups using proper motion and photometric surveys, literature trawls, and parallax programs. Through a combination of novel searches for previously unidentified nearby stars and comprehensive assessments of previous survey work, the RECONS group has been one of the most productive programs in discovering the Sun's neighbors, in particular those in the southern hemisphere. Searches utilizing the SuperCOSMOS electronic archives of photographic plates have proven to be a successful discovery method for our team, yielding 108 red dwarf SCR (SuperCOSMOS RECONS) systems. Distance estimates are first made using plate photometry combined with 2MASS JHK data to assess proximity. Promising targets within 25 pc are then observed for VRI photometry, which is also combined with 2MASS JHK data to improve the distance estimates (average errors only 15%). To date, 75% of those originally predicted to be nearer than 25 pc using the photographic magnitudes remain within that horizon using the more accurate CCD photometry. Stars within 15 pc are then targeted for trigonometric parallaxes as part of the long-term CTIO Parallax Investigation carried out at the CTIO 0.9m. These new nearby systems bolster the statistics needed to understand the true population of stars near the Sun, as well as providing compelling binaries for objects with masses near the end of the stellar main sequence. Our discoveries constitute a significant contribution to the existing solar community and move us closer to a comprehensive census of the solar neighborhood. This work is supported by NSF grant AST 05-07711, NASA's Space Interferometry Mission, the SMARTS Consortium, and Georgia State University.

Winters, Jennifer G.; Henry, T. J.; Subasavage, J. P.; Jao, W.; Finch, C. T.; Hambly, N. C.; RECONS Team

2009-01-01

324

How relevant is opportunistic Bd sampling: are we ready for the big picture?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Understanding the distribution of chytridiomycosis, both at global and local scales, is important to controlling its impacts on host species (e.g., biocontrol or eradication) and to managing host amphibian populations (e.g., reintroduction and habitat management). In response to this, efforts to map observations of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) are underway to better understand its distribution and impact on amphibian populations (e.g., www.spatialepidemiology.net/Bd).

Muths, Erin; Pedersen, Britt Spurre; Pedersen, Finn Spurre

2009-01-01

325

The Big Picture: Responding to Challenges Arising in International Family Law  

E-print Network

regard to the various Hague Conventions (child abduction, child protection and adoption), Brussells II the Chief Justice will consider include surrogacy, shared parenting and the use of presumptions, and family violence. ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ Austin Asche Oration in Law and Governance 3 Established

326

U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Loss: The Big Picture  

E-print Network

A first step in realizing industrial energy efficiency opportunities is to understand how industry is using, and losing, energy. The U.S. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a reliable macro-scale reference for manufacturing energy...

Brueske, S.; Sabouni, R.

2014-01-01

327

Beyond the Big Picture: Characterization of CO2-laden Streams and Implications for Capture Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive carbon management will require capture and use or storage of CO2 from a diversity of stack emissions and intermediate chemical process streams. While there has been a lot of attention paid to estimating the total amount of carbon dioxide available for capture, less is known about other constituents in CO2-laden streams that could directly affect the choice and performance

N Maha Mahasenan; Daryl R. Brown

2005-01-01

328

Beyond the Big Picture: Characterization of CO2-laden Streams and Implications for Capture Technologies  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive carbon management will require capture and use or storage of CO2 from a diversity of stack emissions and intermediate chemical process streams. While there has been a lot of attention paid to estimating the total amount of carbon dioxide available for capture, less is known about other constituents in CO2-laden streams that could directly affect the choice and performance of capture technology, and hence cost of capture and separation. The physical characteristics of these CO2-laden streams, such as temperature and pressure, also affect the choice of capture technology. In this paper, detailed compositions of power plant emissions as well as industrial CO2-laden emissions such as from cement plants, iron and steel plants, and refineries, are presented. Industrial emissions may well provide early opportunities for implementation of CO2 capture and separation technologies, due to higher concentrations of CO2 in flue gas and process streams. In addition, industrial emissions may offer lower cost CO2 for storage, uses such as enhanced oil recovery, or as a high-purity chemical feedstock. This paper also discusses some well-known capture technologies available today or under development, and describes their applicability to different CO2-capture opportunities. Limitations of the best available current technologies and implications for research issues associated with various streams are discussed.

Mahasenan, N Maha; Brown, Daryl R.

2005-01-01

329

IYA2009 Programmes in Canada: The ``Big Picture'' in June 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canadian partnership---Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ), and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)---is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing

J. E. Hesser; P. P. Langill; J. R. Percy

2008-01-01

330

Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD  

E-print Network

is about the best you can do in this country for remoteness, but there are plenty of people scared with the people living above these formations. Unexpected levels of fear and public protest were #12;2 encountered heroes in this business, too many others have slid into the role of hired brains, interpreting scientific

California at Santa Cruz, University of

331

The Big Picture: Britain and China and the future of capitalism  

E-print Network

at the economic trajectory of Britain from the late 19th century to help understand how China is going to develop. As the proletarian population became more stable and hereditary, trades union organisation spread, strikes disputes the rapid spread of general trades unions. Earlier unions had be craft based, organising skilled labour

Cockshott, W. Paul

332

Primed for Patron-Driven Acquisition: A Look at the Big Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of patron-driven acquisition (PDA) as a viable collections practice is encouraging many academic libraries to be proactive about sharing significant collection development responsibilities with their patrons. The adoption of PDA represents a challenge to some long-held understandings about libraries and collections, however, and some libraries are still assessing this option. Further, questions about PDA and its fit with

Candice Dahl

2012-01-01

333

RESEARCH ARTICLE Missing the Big Picture: Impaired Development of Global Shape  

E-print Network

in adolescence when this ability begins to improve in TD individuals. The atypical development is critical for identity and emotion expression recognition. Impaired face identity and emotion expression

Behrmann, Marlene

334

Getting the Big Picture on Small Screens: Quality of Experience in Mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This chapter provides an overview of the key factors that influence the Quality of Experience (QoE) of mobile TV services. It compiles the current knowledgefrom,empirical studies and recommendations,on four key requirements,for the uptake of mobile TV services: handset usability and its acceptance by the user, the technical performance and reliability of the

Hendrik Knoche; M. Angela Sasse

335

Dreger on the Bailey Controversy: Lost in the Drama, Missing the Big Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

others. Bailey’s book has reinforced cultural stereotypes of male-to-female transsexuals, beginning with the demeaning cover. He maintains that transsexuals are motivated by lust, not gender identity issues, that transsexuals lie, and that they are drawn to shoplifting. He asserts that one ‘‘type’’ of transsexualism is in fact a ‘‘paraphilia,’’ linking some MTF transsexuals with ‘‘necrophilia, bestiality, and pedophilia’’ (p. 171)

Margaret Nichols

2008-01-01

336

The Big Picture of AGN Feedback: Black Hole Accretion and Galaxy Evolution in Multiwavelength Surveys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large extragalactic surveys allow us to trace, in a statistical sense, how supermassive black holes, their host galaxies, and their dark matter halos evolve together over cosmic time, and so explore the consequences of AGN feedback on galaxy evolution. Recent studies have found significant links between the accretion states of black holes and galaxy stellar populations, local environments, and obscuration by gas and dust. This article describes some recent results and shows how such studies may provide new constraints on models of the co-evolution of galaxies and their central SMBHs. Finally, I discuss observational prospects for the proposed Wide-Field X-ray Telescope mission.

Hickox, Ryan C.

2009-12-01

337

December 5, 2008 FNAR 222-Big Picture: Mural Arts Pieces of Home  

E-print Network

The Challenge · Visualizing the pride of this active, tight-knit community · Unite and cover numerous disparate ­ Tetris-like free mosaic pattern that flows through all blank spaces · Material ­ Self-adhesive vinyl ­ Wherever there's space · Ever-expanding, ubiquitous pattern ­ Unites two buildings #12;

Toronto, University of

338

Getting Focused without Cropping the Big Picture: The System Office in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the system office for community college institutional research in California. As the system IR office for the largest community college system in the nation, it is often looked to as a leader for other states and community college IR systems. The author notes the office's administrative environment, its staffing and…

Hom, Willard C.

2010-01-01

339

Teaching graphics in technical communication classes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graphic aids convey and clarify information more efficiently and accurately than words alone therefore, most technical writing includes the use of graphics. Ways of accumulating and presenting graphics illustrations on a shoestring budget are suggested. These include collecting graphics from companies, annual reports and laminating them for workshop use or putting them on a flip chart for classroom presentation, creating overhead transparencies to demonstrate different levels of effectiveness of graphic aids, and bringing in grahic artists for question/answer periods or in class workshops. Also included are an extensive handout as an introduction to graphics, sample assignments, and a selected and annotated bibliography.

Spurgeon, K. C.

1981-01-01

340

1. Introduction As 2011 began, the big news in the American sports world was the showdown between  

E-print Network

107 1. Introduction As 2011 began, the big news in the American sports world was the showdown to receive a warning and take shelter. Television stations used sophisticated graphics to cover tornadoes with ever-increasing accuracy. Street level tracking software allowed TV viewers to know the exact location

Colorado at Boulder, University of

341

Graphic representations: keys to disclose the codex of nature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate and university level students present some difficulties to understand and interpret many of the geosciences concepts, in particular those represented by vector and scalar fields. Our experience reveals that these difficulties are associated with a lack in the development of their abstraction and mental picturing abilities. On the other hand, these students have easy access to communication and information technology software which can be used to built graphic representations of experimental data, time series and vector and scalar fields. This transformation allows an easiest extraction, interpretation and summary of the most important characteristics in the data. There is already commercial and open source software with graphical tools that can be used for this purpose but commercial software packs with user friendly interfaces but their price is not negligible. Open source software can circumvent this difficulty even if, in general, their graphical user interface hasn't reached the desirable level of the commercial ones. We will show a simple procedure to generate an image from the data that characterizes the generation of the suitable images illustrating the key concepts in study, using a freeware code, exactly as it is presented to the students in our open teaching sessions to the general student community. Our experience demonstrated that the students are very enthusiastic using this approach. Furthermore, the use of this software can easily be adopted by teachers and students of secondary schools as part of curricular activities.

Caramelo, Liliana; Gonçalves, Norberto; Pereira, Mário; Soares, Armando; Naia, Marco

2010-05-01

342

GUI2QAD-3D: A graphical interface program for QAD-CGPIC program  

Microsoft Academic Search

GUI2QAD-3D is graphical user interface developed in Visual Basic (VB) version 6.0 to prepare input for the QAD-CGPIC program. QAD-CGPIC is a FORTRAN code that combines QAD-CGGP (RSICC-CCC-493, USA) and PICTURE [Irving, D.C., Morrison, G.W., 1970. PICTURE—an aid in debugging GEOM input data, ORNL-TM-2892] for neutron and gamma-ray shielding calculations by the point kernel method in a consistent fashion to

K. V. Subbaiah; R. Sarangapani

2006-01-01

343

Freedom System Text and Graphics System (TAGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Text and Graphics System (TAGS) is a high-resolution facsimile system that scans text or graphics material and converts the analog SCAN data into serial digital data. This video shows the TAGS in operation.

1989-01-01

344

Extending expectation propagation for graphical models  

E-print Network

Graphical models have been widely used in many applications, ranging from human behavior recognition to wireless signal detection. However, efficient inference and learning techniques for graphical models are needed to ...

Qi, Yuan, 1974-

2005-01-01

345

The graphical lasso: New insights and alternatives  

E-print Network

The graphical lasso [5] is an algorithm for learning the structure in an undirected Gaussian graphical model, using ?[subscript 1] regularization to control the number of zeros in the precision matrix ? = ?[superscript ?1] ...

Mazumder, Rahul

2012-01-01

346

Eleventh Annual Report Interactive Graphics for  

E-print Network

by computer graphics (see Publications List). This required computing 19 reels of tape giving colorvalues-time approximate computation of binding energy. 2.5 Tloailblaser Graphics System. Our 1974 GRIP system was ported

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

347

Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands,  

E-print Network

1 Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009 djh@fractalgraphics.com.au 2 Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009 nja

Boschetti, Fabio

348

Gender Stereotypes in Children's Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has examined how gender stereotypes and sexism in picture books affect the development of gender identity in young children, how children's books in the last decade have portrayed gender, and how researchers evaluate picture books for misrepresentations of gender. A review of the research indicated that gender development is a critical…

Narahara, May M.

349

Phonological Priming in Children's Picture Naming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments examined phonological priming in children and adults using a cross-modal picture-word interference task. Pictures of familiar objects were presented on a computer screen, while interfering words were presented over headphones. Results indicate that priming effects reach a peak during a time when articulatory information is being…

Brooks, Patricia J.; MacWhinney, Brian

2000-01-01

350

Get the Picture- Get the Story  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Illumination activity, students act as reporters at the Super Bowl. Students study four pictures of things that they would typically find at a football game: players, a scoreboard, a crowd, and a concession stand. Students are asked to create problem situations that correspond to their interpretation of each of the pictures. The lesson includes a student worksheet and extension questions.

2009-01-01

351

Examining Lateralized Semantic Access Using Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A divided visual field (DVF) experiment examined the semantic processing strategies employed by the cerebral hemispheres to determine if strategies observed with written word stimuli generalize to other media for communicating semantic information. We employed picture stimuli and vary the degree of semantic relatedness between the picture pairs.…

Lovseth, Kyle; Atchley, Ruth Ann

2010-01-01

352

77 FR 25082 - Picture Permit Imprint Indicia  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...legally actionable; (4) compete with a Postal Service product or service; or (5) promote alcohol, tobacco, weapons, or gambling. f. A picture permit imprint indicia (5.4) may not be used on reply mail pieces. 5.4.4 Application A Picture...

2012-04-27

353

Picture Segmentation by a Tree Traversal Algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, picture segmentation has been performed by merging small primitive regions or by recursively splitting the whole picture. This paper combines the two approaches with significant increase in processing speed while maintaining small memory requirements. The data structure is described in detail and examples of implementations are given.

Steven L. Horowitz; Theodosios Pavlidis

1976-01-01

354

Picture Books and the Art of Collage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how teachers can use picture book illustrations to teach children the art of collage. Focuses on three children's picture books and offers art activities showcasing three collage techniques: (1) cut and torn paper collage; (2) photomontage; and (3) texture collages and collage constructions. Relates each activity to the National Standards…

Prudhoe, Catherine M.

2003-01-01

355

Postmodern Picture Books in the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this lesson plan, middle school students analyze the structure of a postmodern picture book to uncover how authors form relationships between words and illustrations. An online teacher resource explains the intent of the picture book "Black and White" and provides background information and suggestions for classroom discussion. During one…

Henry, Laurie

356

Using picture books to teach mathematical concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We have just provided a few picture books and activities that can enhance children's understanding of mathematics. There are\\u000a many picture books that can teach children about mathematics. We hope that this article helps you to begin to use those books\\u000a as a starting point for creating a mathematics-enriched early childhood classroom.

Joan McMath; Margaret A. King

1994-01-01

357

Picture Books Peek behind Cultural Curtains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses culture in picture books in three general categories: legends and histories; current life in particular areas; and the immigrant experience. Considers the translation of visual images, discusses authentic interpretations, and presents an annotated bibliography of picture books showing cultural diversity including African, Asian, Mexican,…

Marantz, Sylvia; Marantz, Kenneth

2000-01-01

358

A Spectrum is Worth a Thousand Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wise astronomer once pointed out that if a picture is worth a thousand words, then a spectrum is worth a thousand pictures. Unfortunately, spectra are rarely emphasized in the introductory astronomy courses and few students exit such a course with any meaningful understanding or appreciation of spectroscopy. Part of the problem is lack of background knowledge; the typical introductory

Richard F. Gelderman

2006-01-01

359

Affective Priming With Subliminally Presented Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective priming studies have demonstrated that subliminally presented prime words can exert an influence on responses towards positive or negative target stimuli. In the present series of experiments, it was investigated whether these findings can be extended to pictorial stimuli. Ideographically selected positive, neutral, and negative picture primes that were sandwich-masked immediately preceded positive or negative target pictures (Experiment 1)

Dirk Hermans; Adriaan Spruyt; Jan De Houwer; Paul Eelen

2003-01-01

360

Image reproduction with interactive graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software application or development in optical image digital data processing requires a fast, good quality, yet inexpensive hard copy of processed images. To achieve this, a Cambo camera with an f 2.8/150-mm Xenotar lens in a Copal shutter having a Graflok back for 4 x 5 Polaroid type 57 pack-film has been interfaced to an existing Adage, AGT-30/Electro-Mechanical Research, EMR 6050 graphic computer system. Time-lapse photography in conjunction with a log to linear voltage transformation has resulted in an interactive system capable of producing a hard copy in 54 sec. The interactive aspect of the system lies in a Tektronix 4002 graphic computer terminal and its associated hard copy unit.

Buckner, J. D.; Council, H. W.; Edwards, T. R.

1974-01-01

361

Representing Learning With Graphical Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Probabilistic graphical models are being used widely in artificial intelligence, for instance, in diagnosis and expert systems, as a unified qualitative and quantitative framework for representing and reasoning with probabilities and independencies. Their development and use spans several fields including artificial intelligence, decision theory and statistics, and provides an important bridge between these communities. This paper shows by way of example that these models can be extended to machine learning, neural networks and knowledge discovery by representing the notion of a sample on the graphical model. Not only does this allow a flexible variety of learning problems to be represented, it also provides the means for representing the goal of learning and opens the way for the automatic development of learning algorithms from specifications.

Buntine, Wray L.; Lum, Henry, Jr. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

362

Turning big bang into big bounce: II. Quantum dynamics  

E-print Network

We analyze the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of the nonstandard loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Elementary observables are used to quantize composite observables. The spectrum of the energy density operator is bounded and continuous. The spectrum of the volume operator is bounded from below and discrete. It has equally distant levels defining a quantum of the volume. The discreteness may imply a foamy structure of spacetime at semiclassical level which may be detected in astro-cosmo observations. The nonstandard LQC method has a free parameter that should be fixed in some way to specify the big bounce transition.

Przemyslaw Malkiewicz; Wlodzimierz Piechocki

2009-08-27

363

Dual of Big-bang and Big-crunch  

E-print Network

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by procedure of the double anaytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are non singular at all as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 Super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Dongsu Bak

2006-03-10

364

Artificial life for computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

tual reality. New graphics models havetaken bold steps toward the realisticemulation of a variety of living things---including plants and animals---fromlower organisms all the way up the evolutionaryladder to humans. Typically,these models take complex forms andinhabit virtual worlds in which they aresubject to the laws of physics. Consequently,they often incorporate state-ofthe-art geometric and physics-basedmodeling techniques. But more significantly,these models must also...

Demetri Terzopoulos; R. Allen; M. Elson; Batman Returns; T. Burton; R. Rodriguez; P. Verhoeven; Tristar Pictures; T. Bancroft; B. Cook; Walt Disney Productions; E. Darnell; J. Lasseter; A. Stanton; Disney Productions; B. Chapman; S. Hickner; S. Wells; Dreamworks SKG

1999-01-01

365

VOLUNTEER POSITION DESCRIPTION Promotions & Graphic Design Chair  

E-print Network

VOLUNTEER POSITION DESCRIPTION Promotions & Graphic Design Chair QSAA Mission:"The Queen's Student-the-classroom skill development." Volunteer Position Summary & Purpose The Promotions & Graphic Design (PGD) Chair media and layout design. The Promotions & Graphic Design (PGD) Chair will report directly to the VP

Ellis, Randy

366

Designing a Parallel Object Oriented Graphics Framework  

E-print Network

Designing a Parallel Object Oriented Graphics Framework Robert F. Tobler Vienna University of Technology, Austria Abstract. This paper aims to present a design strategy for graphics frameworks issues of parallelization, that can be seamlessly integrated into graphics frameworks which have been

367

An Evaluation Model for Graphic Design Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study is to explore and develop a model for the evaluation of graphic design works. A total of 25 graphic design works constituting with five circles in different sizes and locations were assessed with 75 designers in 10 evaluation criteria of graphic design by a 9-point scale system. A factor analysis was used to reduce the number of

Yin-Tzu Chen; Dengchuan Cai; HsinFu Huang; Jane Kuo

368

Graphic designers' quest for the right music  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphic designers often need to find suitable pieces of music for their motion graphic designs, animations, etc. Existing music collection search tools and techniques are at best only suitable for ordinary users, and lack powerful mechanisms needed by advanced users such as graphic designers when they are searching for music. To be able to develop such search systems, however, we

Alexander Lang; Masood Masoodian

2007-01-01

369

School of Art Division of Graphic Design  

E-print Network

School of Art Division of Graphic Design 1020 Fine Arts Center Bowling Green, Ohio 43403-0204 419 Design Internship Program revised: Fall 2012 #12;School of Art Division of Graphic Design 1020 Fine Arts-accepted into the Graphic Design Program by virtue of having passed the School of Art BFA Portfolio Entrance Review

Moore, Paul A.

370

Ray tracing on programmable graphics hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently a breakthrough has occurred in graphics hardware: fixed function pipelines have been replaced with programmable vertex and fragment processors. In the near future, the graphics pipeline is likely to evolve into a general programmable stream processor capable of more than simply feed-forward triangle rendering.In this paper, we evaluate these trends in programmability of the graphics pipeline and explain how

Timothy J. Purcell; Ian Buck; William R. Mark; Pat Hanrahan

2002-01-01

371

Freeform User Interfaces for Graphical Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is difficult to communicate graphical ideas or images to computers using current WIMP-style GUI. Freeform User Interfaces is an interface design framework that leverages the power of freeform strokes to achieve fluent inter- action between users and computers in performing graphical tasks. Users ex- press their graphical ideas as freeform strokes using pen-based systems, and the computer takes appropriate

Takeo Igarashi

2003-01-01

372

CGEMS: Computer Graphics Educational Materials Server  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer graphics has evolved considerably over the past few decades. As computer science, digital arts, and other areas of study that use computer graphics continue to evolve and gain new substance, educators have come to master new content and achieve deeper understandings of computers and imagery. As the core field becomes more mature, educators in all computer graphics disciplines have

Frederico C. Figueiredo; Dena Elisabeth Eber; Joaquim A. Jorge

2003-01-01

373

Computer graphics curriculum: time for a change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer graphics is a field driven by technology. Whereas the technology has changed enormously in the past 15 years, the way most computer science faculty teach computer graphics courses has not changed. The authors believe that faculty should seriously consider changing the content and approach of their computer graphics courses, and in this paper we discuss the rationale for the

G. Scott Owen; María M. Larrondo-petrie; Cary Laxer

1994-01-01

374

Big MACS: Accurate photometric calibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big MACS is a Python program that estimates an accurate photometric calibration from only an input catalog of stellar magnitudes and filter transmission functions. The user does not have to measure color terms which can be difficult to characterize. Supplied with filter transmission functions, Big MACS synthesizes an expected stellar locus for your data and then simultaneously solves for all unknown zeropoints when fitting to the instrumental locus. The code uses a spectroscopic model for the SDSS stellar locus in color-color space and filter functions to compute expected locus. The stellar locus model is corrected for Milky Way reddening. If SDSS or 2MASS photometry is available for stars in field, Big MACS can yield a highly accurate absolute calibration.

Kelly, P. L.; von der Linden, A.; Applegate, D.; Allen, M.; Allen, S. W.; Burchat, P. R.; Burke, D. L.; Ebeling, H.; Capak, P.; Czoske, O.; Donovan, D.; Mantz, A.; Morris, R. G.

2012-08-01

375

Was There A Big Bang?  

E-print Network

The big bang hypothesis is widely accepted despite numerous physics conflicts. It rests upon two experimental supports, galactic red shift and the cosmic microwave background. Both are produced by dark matter, shown here to be hydrogen dominated aggregates with a few percent of helium nodules. Scattering from these non-radiating intergalactic masses produce a red shift that normally correlates with distance. Warmed by our galaxy to an Eigenvalue of 2.735 K, drawn near the Earth, these bodies, kept cold by ablation, resonance radiate the Planckian microwave signal. Several tests are proposed that will distinguish between this model and the big bang.

Robert K. Soberman; Maurice Dubin

2008-03-25

376

Graphic Presentation: An Empirical Examination of the Graphic Novel Approach to Communicate Business Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphic novels have been increasingly incorporated into business communication forums. Despite potential benefits, little research has examined the merits of the graphic novel approach. In response, we engage in a two-study approach. Study 1 explores the potential of graphic novels to affect learning outcomes and finds that the graphic novel was…

Short, Jeremy C.; Randolph-Seng, Brandon; McKenny, Aaron F.

2013-01-01

377

Little Science to Big Science: Big Scientists to Little Scientists?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Hisham B. Ghassib's essay entitled "Where Does Creativity Fit into a Productivist Industrial Model of Knowledge Production?" Professor Ghassib's (2010) essay presents a provocative portrait of how the little science of the Babylonians, Greeks, and Arabs became the Big Science of the modern industrial…

Simonton, Dean Keith

2010-01-01

378

Weather information network including graphical display  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An apparatus for providing weather information onboard an aircraft includes a processor unit and a graphical user interface. The processor unit processes weather information after it is received onboard the aircraft from a ground-based source, and the graphical user interface provides a graphical presentation of the weather information to a user onboard the aircraft. Preferably, the graphical user interface includes one or more user-selectable options for graphically displaying at least one of convection information, turbulence information, icing information, weather satellite information, SIGMET information, significant weather prognosis information, and winds aloft information.

Leger, Daniel R. (Inventor); Burdon, David (Inventor); Son, Robert S. (Inventor); Martin, Kevin D. (Inventor); Harrison, John (Inventor); Hughes, Keith R. (Inventor)

2006-01-01

379

Little Explorers Picture Dictionary With Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This picture dictionary, provided by Enchanted Learning Software, is not only an entertaining children's resource with over 1,000 entries, but also a hidden metasite, allowing children to explore the Internet to learn more about the words they have chosen. Access is via letter of the alphabet. Each entry contains a picture definition and a simple word definition. Many of the entries are also linked to outside sites that further develop the meaning of the word. The dictionary is available with translations into four other languages (although these dictionaries contain only picture definitions and links).

380

A graphical language for reliability model generation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A graphical interface capability of the hybrid automated reliability predictor (HARP) is described. The graphics-oriented (GO) module provides the user with a graphical language for modeling system failure modes through the selection of various fault tree gates, including sequence dependency gates, or by a Markov chain. With this graphical input language, a fault tree becomes a convenient notation for describing a system. In accounting for any sequence dependencies, HARP converts the fault-tree notation to a complex stochastic process that is reduced to a Markov chain which it can then solve for system reliability. The graphics capability is available for use on an IBM-compatible PC, a Sun, and a VAX workstation. The GO module is written in the C programming language and uses the Graphical Kernel System (GKS) standard for graphics implementation. The PC, VAX, and Sun versions of the HARP GO module are currently in beta-testing.

Howell, Sandra V.; Bavuso, Salvatore J.; Haley, Pamela J.

1990-01-01

381

Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities  

E-print Network

This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

Zarate Santovena, Alejandro

2013-01-01

382

Big Data Research @ Integrated Media Systems Center  

E-print Network

#12;4 Virtual World Remote Sensing: Satellite & MulImagery Aerial Sensing: LiDAR, aerial imagery, UAV video Ground Sensing: Traffic loop detectors;8 Big Data Research @ IMSC Intelligent TransportaNon · Big data acquisi

Shahabi, Cyrus

383

Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location

Susan M. Capalbo

2005-01-01

384

Big Math for Little Kids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Big Math for Little Kids," a comprehensive program for 4- and 5-year-olds, develops and expands on the mathematics that children know and are capable of doing. The program uses activities and stories to develop ideas about number, shape, pattern, logical reasoning, measurement, operations on numbers, and space. The activities introduce the…

Greenes, Carole; Ginsburg, Herbert P.; Balfanz, Robert

2004-01-01

385

The Case for "Big History."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges an approach to the teaching of history that takes the largest possible perspective, crossing time as well as space. Discusses the problems and advantages of such an approach. Describes a course on "big" history that begins with time, creation myths, and astronomy, and moves on to paleontology and evolution. (DK)

Christian, David

1991-01-01

386

China: Big Changes Coming Soon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Big changes are ahead for China, probably abrupt ones. The economy has grown so rapidly for many years, over 30 years at an average of nine percent a year, that its size makes it a major player in trade and finance and increasingly in political and military matters. This growth is not only of great importance internationally, it is already having…

Rowen, Henry S.

2011-01-01

387

Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I are organized into four areas: (1) Evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine

Susan Capalbo

2005-01-01

388

Physics in Action: Big 'G'  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site tells of the history and the difficulty encountered when trying to measure the gravitational constant known as G. The site gives details into experimental setups for obtaining the value of Big G as well as further links to experiments current and past.

Central, Physics

2004-04-08

389

Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from  

E-print Network

Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from coastal habitat restoration America's coasts are vital to our-90% of the recreational fish catch. Restoring our coasts can create more than 30 jobs for each million dollars invested. That's more than twice as many jobs as the oil and gas and road construction industries combined

390

Big6 Turbotools and Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The different tools that are helpful during the Synthesis stage, their role in boosting students abilities in Synthesis and the way in which it can be customized to meet the needs of each group of students are discussed. Big6 TurboTools offers several tools to help complete the task. In Synthesis stage, these same tools along with Turbo Report and…

Tooley, Melinda

2005-01-01

391

1976 Big Thompson flood, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the early evening of July 31, 1976, a large stationary thunderstorm released as much as 7.5 inches of rainfall in about an hour (about 12 inches in a few hours) in the upper reaches of the Big Thompson River drainage. This large amount of rainfall in such a short period of time produced a flash flood that caught residents and tourists by surprise. The immense volume of water that churned down the narrow Big Thompson Canyon scoured the river channel and destroyed everything in its path, including 418 homes, 52 businesses, numerous bridges, paved and unpaved roads, power and telephone lines, and many other structures. The tragedy claimed the lives of 144 people. Scores of other people narrowly escaped with their lives. The Big Thompson flood ranks among the deadliest of Colorado's recorded floods. It is one of several destructive floods in the United States that has shown the necessity of conducting research to determine the causes and effects of floods. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducts research and operates a Nationwide streamgage network to help understand and predict the magnitude and likelihood of large streamflow events such as the Big Thompson Flood. Such research and streamgage information are part of an ongoing USGS effort to reduce flood hazards and to increase public awareness.

compiled by Jarrett, R. D.; Vandas, S. J.

2006-01-01

392

Big Math for Little Kids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big Math for Little Kids, a comprehensive program for 4- and 5-year-olds, develops and expands on the mathematics that children know and are capable of doing. The program uses activities and stories to develop ideas about number, shape, pattern, logical reasoning, measurement, operations on numbers, and space. The activities introduce the mathematical ideas in a coherent, carefully sequenced fashion, and

Carole Greenes; Herbert P Ginsburg; Robert Balfanz

2004-01-01

393

CRITICAL QUESTIONS FOR BIG DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about people, things, and their interactions. Diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing genetic sequences, social media interactions, health records, phone logs, government records,

danah boyd; Kate Crawford

2012-01-01

394

HISPLT: A history graphics postprocessor  

SciTech Connect

HISPLT is a graphics postprocessor designed to plot time histories for wave propagation codes. HISPLT is available for CRAY UNICOS, CRAY CTSS, VAX VMS computer systems, and a variety of UNIX workstations. The original HISPLT code employs a database structure that allows the program to be used without modification to process data generated by many wave propagation codes. HISPLT has recently been modified to process time histories for the reactor safety analysis code, MELCOR. This report provides a complete set of input instructions for HISPLT and provides examples of the types of plotted output that can be generated using HISPLT. 6 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Thompson, S.L.; Kmetyk, L.N.

1991-09-01

395

Les preuves observationnelles du Big Bang  

E-print Network

Les preuves observationnelles du Big Bang Georges Meylan Laboratoire d'astrophysique Ecole fantastique machine à remonter le temps #12;Kamionkowski - Le Big Bang en un croquis #12;La théorie du Big Relativité Générale #12;Les créateurs du Big Bang Trois idées maîtresses à l'origine de la cosmologie

Citi, Sandra

396

Gender stereotypes in Canadian picture books  

E-print Network

This research sought to quantify gender representation in a sample of award winning Canadian picture books. A reliable content analysis was used to collect data pertaining to the visibility of genders in titles, main roles, secondary roles...

Berthelot, Jennifer Gail

2012-06-07

397

High Energy Astrophysics Picture of the Week  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each week this site provides a new image from X-ray and Gamma ray astronomy. Information is provided about the object and the telescope that took the picture. Previous images are available in an archive.

Corcoran, Michael

2004-07-14

398

Using Language for Communication: The Picture Game.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a classroom game designed to help students use and improve speaking and listening skills in a second language, by having one student describe a picture and another try to reproduce it from the description. (EKN)

Rings, Lana

1983-01-01

399

Picture Detection in RSVP: Features or Identity?  

E-print Network

A pictured object can be readily detected in a rapid serial visual presentation sequence when the target is specified by a superordinate category name such as animal or vehicle. Are category features the initial basis for ...

Potter, Mary C.

400

Using Pictures to Support the Main Idea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this resource, students will identify pictures that describe what the book is mainly about. Throughout the teacher modeling section, guided practice, and independent practice, students will use books on tigers, farm animals, and whales.

Readworks

2012-03-26

401

Does your ad have too many pictures?  

E-print Network

This paper reports findings from a study that evaluates the effectiveness of longer print advertisements-the advertisements with a low copy-picture ratio (i.e., primarily pictorial advertisements or PPAs). Move specifically, the effectiveness of a...

Singh, Surendra N.; Lessig, V. Parker; Kim, Dongwook; Gupta, R.; Hocutt, M. A.

2000-01-01

402

91Exploring the Big Bang with the LHC Moments after the Big Bang, the universe was  

E-print Network

91Exploring the Big Bang with the LHC Moments after the Big Bang, the universe was brilliantly hot into its individual parts, and we can re-create many of the original Big Bang conditions in our as they would have during the Big Bang. Physicists do this by using 'atom smashers' that accelerate individual

403

13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History  

E-print Network

Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12;Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12 years after Big Bang (> 13 Gyr old) #12;Earliest View of our Cosmos: the Universe 379,000 years after the Big Bang Cosmic Microwave Background WMAP CMB temperature map #12;the Universe: a Unique Astrophysical

Weijgaert, Rien van de

404

Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science?  

E-print Network

Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science University choudhar@eecs.northwestern.edu Founder and President Voxsup Inc: A Big Data Science Company +1 312 515 2562 alok@voxsupinc.com ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS #12;Big Data ...Popular View.. Streaming.. 2© Alok

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

405

How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations)  

E-print Network

How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations) Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics experimental design doesn't matter #12;What's new in Big Data? · design still matters; experiments versus flu trends http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/ google-flu-trends-the-limits-of-big-data/ #12

Stark, Philip B.

406

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2011 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest observational data, thus validating the standard hot Big-Bang cosmology (see [9] for a review

407

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2009 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest observational data, thus validating the standard hot Big-Bang cosmology (see [6] for a review

408

22. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 22. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

22. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 22. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2011 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest observational data, thus validating the standard hot Big-Bang cosmology (see [9] for a review

409

tamine@openu.ac.il Big Data-  

E-print Network

2013, -,8.5.13 , tamine@openu.ac.il #12;Big Data- -data science #12;http://jeffhurtblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/3VsBigData.jpg When volume, velocity and variety of data exceed an organization's storage; , , " " ­ "" " " ,"" #12; ­ . . - Coursera­SNA,Data Science ,", IBM,SAS, -#big data, #bdw13, #smartdata #12;

Shamir, Ron

410

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

2002-01-01

411

Pictorial communication: Pictures and the synthetic universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Principles for the design of dynamic spatial instruments for communicating quantitative information to viewers are considered through a brief review of the history of pictorial communication. Pictorial communication is seen to have two directions: (1) from the picture to the viewer; and (2) from the viewer to the picture. Optimization of the design of interactive instruments using pictorial formats requires an understanding of the manipulative, perceptual, and cognitive limitations of human viewers.

Ellis, Stephen R.

1989-01-01

412

Picture Quality Analysis of Digital TV Signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The picture quality of digital TV signals is subject to quite different effects and influences than that of analog TV signals.\\u000a Whereas noise effects in analog TV signals manifest themselves directly as ‘snow’ in the picture, they initially only produce\\u000a an increase in the channel bit error rate in digital television. Due to the error protection included in the signal,

Walter Fischer

413

9/18/09 1:57 PMEgghead Blog Archive A Big Wave after the Big Bang? Page 1 of 3http://blogs.ucdavis.edu/egghead/2009/08/18/a-big-wave-after-the-big-bang/  

E-print Network

9/18/09 1:57 PMEgghead » Blog Archive » A Big Wave after the Big Bang? Page 1 of 3http://blogs.ucdavis.edu/egghead/2009/08/18/a-big-wave-after-the-big-bang/ A Big Wave after the Big Bang? August 18th, 2009 @ 2:06 pm than they ought to be. A "big wave," started after the Big Bang at the beginning of the universe

Temple, Blake

414

Solution of a Braneworld Big Crunch/Big Bang Cosmology  

E-print Network

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background consisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in the collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a detailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the vicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch/big bang singularity. We show that the four-dimensional description fails at the first nontrivial order in (V/c)^2. At this order, there is nontrivial mixing of the two relevant four-dimensional perturbation modes (the growing and decaying modes) as the boundary branes move from the narrowly-separated limit described by Kaluza-Klein theory to the well-separated limit where gravity is confined to the positive-tension brane. We comment on the cosmological significance of the result and compute other quantities of interest in five-dimensional cosmological scenarios.

Paul McFadden; Neil Turok; Paul J. Steinhardt

2005-12-12

415

Antigravity and the big crunch/big bang transition  

E-print Network

We point out a new phenomenon which seems to be generic in 4d effective theories of scalar fields coupled to Einstein gravity, when applied to cosmology. A lift of such theories to a Weyl-invariant extension allows one to define classical evolution through cosmological singularities unambiguously, and hence construct geodesically complete background spacetimes. An attractor mechanism ensures that, at the level of the effective theory, generic solutions undergo a big crunch/big bang transition by contracting to zero size, passing through a brief antigravity phase, shrinking to zero size again, and re-emerging into an expanding normal gravity phase. The result may be useful for the construction of complete bouncing cosmologies like the cyclic model.

Itzhak Bars; Shih-Hung Chen; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2011-12-12

416

Solution of a braneworld big crunch/big bang cosmology  

SciTech Connect

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background consisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in the collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a detailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the vicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch/big bang singularity. We show that the four-dimensional description fails at the first nontrivial order in (V/c){sup 2}. At this order, there is nontrivial mixing of the two relevant four-dimensional perturbation modes (the growing and decaying modes) as the boundary branes move from the narrowly separated limit described by Kaluza-Klein theory to the well-separated limit where gravity is confined to the positive-tension brane. We comment on the cosmological significance of the result and compute other quantities of interest in five-dimensional cosmological scenarios.

McFadden, Paul L.; Turok, Neil; Steinhardt, Paul J. [DAMTP, Center for Mathematical Sciences, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2007-11-15

417

Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 3. Origins  

SciTech Connect

In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. If the LHC is successful, it will explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of a few simple ingredients and a few simple rules. But the Universe now was forged in a Big Bang where conditions were very different, and the rules were very different, and those early moments were crucial to determining how things turned out later. At the LHC they can recreate conditions as they were billionths of a second after the Big Bang, before atoms and nuclei existed. They can find out why matter and antimatter didn't mutually annihilate each other to leave behind a Universe of pure, brilliant light. And they can look into the very structure of space and time - the fabric of the Universe

None

2009-10-13

418

Antigravity and the big crunch/big bang transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We point out a new phenomenon which seems to be generic in 4d effective theories of scalar fields coupled to Einstein gravity, when applied to cosmology. A lift of such theories to a Weyl-invariant extension allows one to define classical evolution through cosmological singularities unambiguously, and hence construct geodesically complete background spacetimes. An attractor mechanism ensures that, at the level of the effective theory, generic solutions undergo a big crunch/big bang transition by contracting to zero size, passing through a brief antigravity phase, shrinking to zero size again, and re-emerging into an expanding normal gravity phase. The result may be useful for the construction of complete bouncing cosmologies like the cyclic model.

Bars, Itzhak; Chen, Shih-Hung; Steinhardt, Paul J.; Turok, Neil

2012-08-01

419

Antigravity and the big crunch/big bang transition  

E-print Network

We point out a new phenomenon which seems to be generic in 4d effective theories of scalar fields coupled to Einstein gravity, when applied to cosmology. A lift of such theories to a Weyl-invariant extension allows one to define classical evolution through cosmological singularities unambiguously, and hence construct geodesically complete background spacetimes. An attractor mechanism ensures that, at the level of the effective theory, generic solutions undergo a big crunch/big bang transition by contracting to zero size, passing through a brief antigravity phase, shrinking to zero size again, and re-emerging into an expanding normal gravity phase. The result may be useful for the construction of complete bouncing cosmologies like the cyclic model.

Bars, Itzhak; Steinhardt, Paul J; Turok, Neil

2011-01-01

420

Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 3. Origins  

ScienceCinema

In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. If the LHC is successful, it will explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of a few simple ingredients and a few simple rules. But the Universe now was forged in a Big Bang where conditions were very different, and the rules were very different, and those early moments were crucial to determining how things turned out later. At the LHC they can recreate conditions as they were billionths of a second after the Big Bang, before atoms and nuclei existed. They can find out why matter and antimatter didn't mutually annihilate each other to leave behind a Universe of pure, brilliant light. And they can look into the very structure of space and time - the fabric of the Universe

None

2011-04-25

421

What Does `Big Data' Mean and Who Will Win?  

E-print Network

What Does `Big Data' Mean and Who Will Win? Michael Stonebraker #12;2 The Meaning of Big Data - 3 V from the fire hose · Big Variety -- Large number of diverse data sources to integrate #12;3 Big Volume · Column stores -- x50 · Wannabees -- x5 (???) #12;6 Big Data - Big Analytics · Complex math operations

Raja, Anita

422

Rolling the Dice on Big Data Department of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Rolling the Dice on Big Data Ilse Ipsen Department of Mathematics #12;The Economist, 27 February on Big Data What is "Big"? #12;Measuring Units 1 byte 1 character 10 bytes 1 word 100 bytes 1 sentence #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big

Ipsen, Ilse

423

78 FR 57570 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, Illinois  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, Illinois AGENCY...enforce the temporary safety zone for motion picture filming in Calumet Harbor, Chicago...waters during nighttime filming of a motion picture in Calumet Harbor. During the...

2013-09-19

424

The pits and falls of graphical presentation  

PubMed Central

Graphics are powerful tools to communicate research results and to gain information from data. However, researchers should be careful when deciding which data to plot and the type of graphic to use, as well as other details. The consequence of bad decisions in these features varies from making research results unclear to distortions of these results, through the creation of “chartjunk” with useless information. This paper is not another tutorial about “good graphics” and “bad graphics”. Instead, it presents guidelines for graphic presentation of research results and some uncommon, but useful examples to communicate basic and complex data types, especially multivariate model results, which are commonly presented only by tables. By the end, there are no answers here, just ideas meant to inspire others on how to create their own graphics. PMID:25351349

Sperandei, Sandro

2014-01-01

425

USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory: Maps and Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey's website for the Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) has a host of graphics and maps for the professional volcano researcher or the amateur volcanologist. The maps and graphics are divided into four broad categories, and within each of those categories are dozens and dozens of maps and graphics. The categories include "Hazards, Features, Topics, and Types: Maps and Graphics", "Monitoring: Maps and Graphics", and "Volcano or Region: Maps and Graphics". Visitors should check out "Bachelor", which is in the "Volcano or Region" category, as there is an "Interactive Imagemap" of the Cascade Range Volcanoes. Clicking on any of the images of the volcanoes will reveal a beautiful, aerial photo of the volcano, along with a brief description of the history of the volcano. Additionally, there is a "Planning Your Visit" section that gives online and offline resources to look at before going to the actual volcano.

2010-02-19

426

Graphic Design Principles Internet Treasure Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is to give you the opportunity to learn about important graphic design principles that you should use when creating and editing graphics for multimedia. Treasure Map 2 Activity Description: You will team up with a partner in the classroom and together you will embark on a treasure hunt to find treasures of knowledge about graphic design principles. To help you keep track of your treasures, you and your partner will be filling out a treasure ...

Aycock, Mr.

2010-06-04

427

Proceedings: Graphics interface '86/Vision interface '86  

SciTech Connect

This book contains papers presented at the Graphics interface conference. The Graphics interface conference is a major forum for the presentation of research in computer graphics and human-computer interaction. Sponsored by the Canadian Man-Computer Communications Society, the conferene draws an international audience with papers presented from France, Great Britain, the United States and Canada. The 1986 meeting was held jointly with Vision Interface '86, sponsored by the Canadian Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Society.

Not Available

1986-01-01

428

The BigHub.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site joins an already crowded field of portal/ multiple search engine sites. Like some of its peers, BigHub allows simultaneous searches of numerous engines, in this case nine, and includes several value-added features, such as stock quotes, news, weather reports, and free email. Unlike some of its competitors, BigHub also features a nice collection of specialty search engines in categories such as Arts & Humanities, Education, Government, News, and Science, among others. Search engines in each category are further organized by discipline. Although any such collection is inevitably subjective, users may find the site a useful tool to reduce their search time and gather more relevant results.

429

Bits on the Big Screen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital cinema is poised to take the movie industry by storm with the introduction of the first specification for digital cinema in July 2005. To create the specification, the digital cinema initiatives was established by seven major studios, Disney, Fox, MGM, Paramount, Sony Pictures Entertainment, Universal, and Warner Brothers studios. The initiative set a quality threshold, specified a video compression

Russell Wintner

2006-01-01

430

6.837 Computer Graphics, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

6.837 offers an introduction to computer graphics hardware, algorithms, and software. Topics include: line generators, affine transformations, line and polygon clipping, splines, interactive techniques, perspective ...

Durand, Frédo

431

How Big is a Nanometer?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, covers the concept of measurement on the nanoscale. Through this exercise, students will learn about "state the size of a nanometer, convert between nanometers and other metric units of length, and give concrete examples of nanotechnology use in everyday life." "How Big is a Nano", a two-part Student Guide, "Scale of Things" are included.

2014-09-09

432

District Bets Big on Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The big clock in Dowan McNair-Lee's 8th grade classroom in the Stuart-Hobson Middle School is silent, but she can hear the minutes ticking away nonetheless. On this day, like any other, the clock is a constant reminder of how little time she has to prepare her students--for spring tests, and for high school and all that lies beyond it. The…

Gewertz, Catherine

2013-01-01

433

Tests of Big Bang Cosmology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides an in-depth discussion of "Big-Bang" cosmological theory. Topics include: foundations of the theory, observational tests, limitations and extensions of the theory, and some properties of the universe itself such as the amount and type of matter, its expansion, age, shape, occurrence of life, and its ultimate fate. The site features text, photographs, remote sensing imagery, graphs, and scientific illustrations. Links to other related topics are provided.

434

COBE's search for structure in the Big Bang  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The launch of Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) and the definition of Earth Observing System (EOS) are two of the major events at NASA-Goddard. The three experiments contained in COBE (Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR), Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS), and Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE)) are very important in measuring the big bang. DMR measures the isotropy of the cosmic background (direction of the radiation). FIRAS looks at the spectrum over the whole sky, searching for deviations, and DIRBE operates in the infrared part of the spectrum gathering evidence of the earliest galaxy formation. By special techniques, the radiation coming from the solar system will be distinguished from that of extragalactic origin. Unique graphics will be used to represent the temperature of the emitting material. A cosmic event will be modeled of such importance that it will affect cosmological theory for generations to come. EOS will monitor changes in the Earth's geophysics during a whole solar color cycle.

Soffen, Gerald (editor); Guerny, Gene (editor); Keating, Thomas (editor); Moe, Karen (editor); Sullivan, Walter (editor); Truszkowski, Walt (editor)

1989-01-01

435

Big data: the management revolution.  

PubMed

Big data, the authors write, is far more powerful than the analytics of the past. Executives can measure and therefore manage more precisely than ever before. They can make better predictions and smarter decisions. They can target more-effective interventions in areas that so far have been dominated by gut and intuition rather than by data and rigor. The differences between big data and analytics are a matter of volume, velocity, and variety: More data now cross the internet every second than were stored in the entire internet 20 years ago. Nearly real-time information makes it possible for a company to be much more agile than its competitors. And that information can come from social networks, images, sensors, the web, or other unstructured sources. The managerial challenges, however, are very real. Senior decision makers have to learn to ask the right questions and embrace evidence-based decision making. Organizations must hire scientists who can find patterns in very large data sets and translate them into useful business information. IT departments have to work hard to integrate all the relevant internal and external sources of data. The authors offer two success stories to illustrate how companies are using big data: PASSUR Aerospace enables airlines to match their actual and estimated arrival times. Sears Holdings directly analyzes its incoming store data to make promotions much more precise and faster. PMID:23074865

McAfee, Andrew; Brynjolfsson, Erik

2012-10-01

436

Propagation of Big Island eddies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using satellite altimetry data, we have observed a series of anticyclonic eddies as they form at the Big Island of Hawaii and have tracked them as they move away from the island. While similar eddies have been observed near the Hawaiian Islands in previous studies, the fate of the anticyclonic eddies has previously been unclear. The eddies that we observed initially propagated to the southwest but consistently changed propagation direction to the northwest later in their lifetimes. This was intriguing to us, as theoretically, the decay of isolated anticyclonic eddies on a ? plane should cause them to continually move toward the southwest. Such isolated eddy dynamics are unable to account for the observed change to northwestward eddy propagation, and the presence of the westward flowing North Equatorial Current turns out to be important to the Big Island eddy dynamics. The eddies are not passively advected by the North Equatorial Current; rather, the mean flow changes the propagation characteristics of the eddies. An existing theory that includes meridionally varying, purely zonal mean flow is shown to account for the observed propagation of the Big Island eddies if the zonal variation of the mean flow is considered.

Holland, Christina L.; Mitchum, Gary T.

2001-01-01

437

Superstring field theory in the democratic picture  

E-print Network

We present a new open superstring field theory, whose string fields carry an arbitrary picture number and reside in the large Hilbert space. The redundancy related to picture number is resolved by treating picture changing as a gauge transformation. A mid-point insertion is imperative for this formalism. We find that this mid-point insertion must include all multi-picture changing operators. It is also proven that this insertion as well as all the multi-picture changing operators are zero weight conformal primaries. This new theory solves the problems with the Ramond sector shared by other RNS string field theories, while naturally unifying the NS and Ramond string fields. When partially gauge fixed, it reduces in the NS sector to the modified cubic superstring field theory. Hence, it shares all the good properties of this theory, e.g., it has analytical vacuum and marginal deformation solutions. Treating the redundant gauge symmetry using the BV formalism is straightforward and results in a cubic action with a single string field, whose quantum numbers are unconstrained. The generalization to an arbitrary brane system is simple and includes the standard Chan-Paton factors and the most general string field consistent with the brane system.

Michael Kroyter

2009-11-16

438

Botany in children's literature: A content analysis of plant-centered children's picture books that have a plot and characters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis study examined 36 plant-centered children's science picture books that have a plot and characters published from 1950 to present. Botanical subject matter and learning opportunities offered by these books were analyzed, along with the range and frequency of the National Science Education Standards-consistent and age-appropriate plant science concepts and principles. The science graphics, artistic innovations, and story

Sheila Lewis Goins

2004-01-01

439

Page 1 of 8 Pictures In Your Thesis  

E-print Network

. It is designed to give you a quick orientation rather than lots of technical detail. Kinds of graphics A raster) GIMP. A raster graphic has a specific resolution in dots per inch (dpi). Clearly printed type (bitmap) graphic is an array of pixels. Common file formats are TIFF, PNG, and JPEG. Raster graphics come

Covington, Michael A.

440

Current and future graphics requirements for LaRC and proposed future graphics system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The findings of an investigation to assess the current and future graphics requirements of the LaRC researchers with respect to both hardware and software are presented. A graphics system designed to meet these requirements is proposed.

Taylor, N. L.; Bowen, J. T.; Randall, D. P.; Gates, R. L.

1984-01-01

441

Word reading and picture naming in Italian.  

PubMed

Results from two separate norming studies of lexical access in Italian were merged, permitting a comparison of word-reading and picture-naming latencies and the factors that predict each one for an overlapping subsample of 128 common nouns. Factor analysis of shared lexical predictors yielded four latent variables: a frequency factor, a semantic factor, a length factor, and a final factor dominated by frication on the initial phoneme. Age of acquisition (AoA) loaded highly on the first two factors, suggesting that it can be split into separate sources of variance. Regression analyses using factor scores as predictors showed that word reading and picture naming are both influenced by the frequency/AoA factor. The semantics/AoA factor influenced only picture naming, whereas the length and frication factors influenced only word reading. Generalizability of these results to other languages is discussed, including potential effects of cross-language differences in orthographic transparency. PMID:11820758

Bates, E; Burani, C; D'Amico, S; Barca, L

2001-10-01

442

The Role of Pictures in Picture Books on Children's Cognitive Engagement with Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the cognitive activity that is evoked in young children when they are read a picture book that is written for the purpose of teaching mathematics. The focus of this study is to explore the effects of pictures on children's spontaneous mathematical cognitive engagement. The study is based on the assumption that the…

Elia, Iliada; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja; Georgiou, Alexia

2010-01-01

443

Graphic Global Conflict: Graphic Novels in the High School Social Studies Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphic novels are stand-alone stories told in comic book format. In contrast to superhero comic books, graphic novels are more serious, often nonfiction, full-length, sequential art novels that explore the issues of race, social justice, global conflict, and war with intelligence and humor. The visual component of graphic novels supports text comprehension, making the stories accessible to readers at all

Lila L. Christensen

2006-01-01

444

Jordan and Weiss: Graphical Models: Probabilistic inference 1 Graphical models: Probabilistic inference  

E-print Network

inference Michael I. Jordan jordan@cs.berkeley.edu Division of Computer Science and Department of StatisticsJordan and Weiss: Graphical Models: Probabilistic inference 1 Graphical models: Probabilistic Hebrew University RUNNING HEAD: Probabilistic inference in graphical models Correspondence: Michael I

Jordan, Michael I.

445

Ubiquitous picture-rich content representation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The amount of digital images taken by the average consumer is consistently increasing. People enjoy the convenience of storing and sharing their pictures through online (digital) and offline (traditional) media. A set of pictures can be uploaded to: online photo services, web blogs and social network websites. Alternatively, these images can be used to generate: prints, cards, photo books or other photo products. Through uploading and sharing, images are easily transferred from one format to another. And often, a different set of associated content (text, tags) is created across formats. For example, on his web blog, a user may journal his experiences of his recent travel; on his social network website, his friends tag and comment on the pictures; in his online photo album, some pictures are titled and keyword-tagged. When the user wants to tell a complete story, perhaps in a photo book, he must collect, across all formats: the pictures, writings and comments, etc. and organize them in a book format. The user has to arrange the content of his trip in each format. The arrangement, the associations between the images, tags, keywords and text, cannot be shared with other formats. In this paper, we propose a system that allows the content to be easily created and shared across various digital media formats. We define a uniformed data association structure to connect: images, documents, comments, tags, keywords and other data. This content structure allows the user to switch representation formats without reediting. The framework under each format can emphasize (display or hide) content elements based on preference. For example, a slide show view will emphasize the display of pictures with limited text; a blog view will display highlighted images and journal text; and the photo book will try to fit in all images and text content. In this paper, we will discuss the strategy to associate pictures with text content, so that it can naturally tell a story. We will also list sample solutions on different formats such as: picture view, blog view and photo book view.

Wang, Wiley; Dean, Jennifer; Muzzolini, Russ

2010-02-01

446

1.OA Fact Families with Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Write as many equations for each picture as you can. Use the numbers 4, 1, and 5. Here are some equations for this picture. 4+1=5 \\hskip4em 5 = 4+1 5-1...

447

Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog. Volume 2: Sequence design and picture coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of data relating to the Mariner 9 TV picture is presented. The data are arranged to offer speedy identification of what took place during entire science cycles, on individual revolutions, and during individual science links or sequences. Summary tables present the nominal design for each of the major picture-taking cycles, along with the sequences actually taken on each revolution. These tables permit identification at a glance, all TV sequences and the corresponding individual pictures for the first 262 revolutions (primary mission). A list of TV pictures, categorized according to their latitude and longitude, is also provided. Orthographic and/or mercator plots for all pictures, along with pertinent numerical data for their center points are presented. Other tables and plots of interest are also included. This document is based upon data contained in the Supplementary Experiment Data Record (SEDR) files as of 21 August 1972.

Koskela, P. E.; Helton, M. R.; Seeley, L. N.; Zawacki, S. J.

1972-01-01

448

Polygon Pictures in QuarkXPress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity where students draw and fill simple and complex shapes by utilizing the polygon tool in QuarkXPress to create graphics. Explains that this activity enables students to learn how to use a variety of functions in the QuarkXPress program. (CMK)

Osterer, Irv

1999-01-01

449

The Jewish Graphic Novel: Critical Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1970s and 1980s Jewish cartoonists such as Will Eisner were some of the first artists to use the graphic novel as a way to explore their ethnicity. Although similar to their pop culture counterpart, the comic book, graphic novels presented weightier subject matter in more expensive packaging, which appealed to an adult audience and gained them credibility as

Samantha Baskind; Ranen Omer-Sherman

2010-01-01

450

Media Literacy, Graphic Novels and Social Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media literacy education, social issues, and graphic novels all have a role to play in educating students for civic education. The graphic novel is especially useful for secondary students because many titles touch on important social-political issues. Moreover, this medium offers excellent opportunities for media literacy education, students learning to ask questions and evaluate information that is communicated through print,

Gretchen Schwarz

2007-01-01

451

Exploring Literary Devices in Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the possibilities of graphic novels with young readers. During the 2009-2010 school year, while working with four fifth-grade students, the author examined the question "In what ways do readers engage while reading a graphic novel?" The fifth graders took part in book discussions and one-on-one interviews after reading two…

Dallacqua, Ashley K.

2012-01-01

452

Graphic Artist Campus Prints 664-42360  

E-print Network

Graphic Artist Campus Prints 664-42360 campusprints@sonoma.edu The Campus Prints. The Graphics Arts Assistant will be asked to create, edit and design a wide range. We provide the campus with a wide variety of copy and printing needs

Ravikumar, B.

453

Text and Graphics in Instructional Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses textual and graphical representation formats in instructional design. First, it describes background research in information display and instructional design. Second, it integrates guidelines suggested from past research and proposes a methodology for designing instructional material with regard to textual and graphical content. The paper then describes a pilot experiment conducted to examine the validity of the methodology

Alana M. Anoskey; Richard Catrambone

1992-01-01

454

Montana State University 1 Graphic Design Option -  

E-print Network

145RA - Web Design or CS 145RA - Web Design 3 University Core and Electives 4 ARTZ 105RA - Visual - Motion Graphics GDSN 372 - Advanced Web Design GDSN 373 - Illustration GDSN 374 - Digital Visualization 368 - Art Direction GDSN 369 - Publication Design GDSN 371 - Motion Graphics GDSN 372 - Advanced Web

Maxwell, Bruce D.

455

Teaching Graphics in Technical Communication Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps because the United States is undergoing a video revolution, perhaps because of its increasing sales of goods to non-English speaking markets where graphics can help explain the products, perhaps because of the decreasing communication skills of the work force, graphic aids are becoming more and more widely used and more and more important.…

Spurgeon, Kristene C.

456

Adolescents' Motivations for Viewing Graphic Horror.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies four motivations adolescents report for viewing graphic horror films: gore watching, thrill watching, independent watching, and problem watching. Argues that viewing motivations are predictors of responses to graphic horror. Finds that viewing motivations were related to viewers' cognitive and affective responses and a tendency to…

Johnston, Deirdre D.

1995-01-01

457

A million transistor systolic array graphics engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pixel processing is the most fundamental performance bottleneck in high-end three-dimensional graphics systems. This paper presents the design of a specialized custom VLSI graphics chip that was implemented with one million transistors and is capable of processing pixels at extremely rapid rates close to one nanosecond. This was made possible by utilizing a large number of identical pipelined pixel processors

Nader Gharachorloo; Satish Gupta; Erdem Hokenek; Peruvemba Balasubramanian; William Bogholtz; Christian Mathieu; Christos Zoulas

1989-01-01

458

The Changing Landscape of Graphic Arts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphic arts is all about communicating effectively with words, images, illustrations, animation and video. It's about packaging messages to communicate an idea, evoke an emotion or grab attention. Graphic arts designers are increasingly working across all media and pioneering new media expressions in the increasingly interactive world. Even though the past 15 years have seen a major change in the

John E. Warnock

2000-01-01

459

The Rhetorical Genre in Graphic Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation will examine the place of rhetorical theory in graphic design education and practice from the perspective of assignments involving a level of authorship on the part of the designer. The recent interest in the notion of authorship in graphic design invites a look into the role rhetoric can play in the process of generating and organizing content. From

Cristina de Almeida

460

Instructional Utilization of Three Dimensional Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional designers and researchers are attempting to identify the factors that determine which type of graphic visuals to employ in a specific situation as well as how best to utilize available resources. The use of three-dimensional graphics in a variety of media formats is addressed, including a discussion of specific instructional…

Milheim, William D.

1994-01-01

461

TYRO: a constraint based graphic designer's apprentice  

Microsoft Academic Search

`TYRO', the (very novice) graphic designer's apprentice is a visual programming environment to enhance the exploration and evolution of graphic design concepts. The basic unit of design knowledge, the prototype, is represented as a network of constraining relations with rules for asserting those relations. Similarly, a design is a constraint network of prototypes with its set of assertion rules. The

Ron MacNeil

1989-01-01

462

Interactive graphical computer-aided design system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System is used for design, layout, and modification of large-scale-integrated (LSI) metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) arrays. System is structured around small computer which provides real-time support for graphics storage display unit with keyboard, slave display unit, hard copy unit, and graphics tablet for designer/computer interface.

Edge, T. M.

1975-01-01

463

Graphic Design with a Message Design Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appling message planning in design process plays an important role, because can strongly influence the final outcomes. Graphic design, which has long time been perceived as a drawing-related area for the function of visual pleasures, should now be reviewed as designer enters the new media world. This paper addresses the differences and similarities between message design and graphic design in

Jalin K. Huang; Chi-Wei Lee

464

An Experimental Evaluation of Computer Graphics Imagery  

E-print Network

An Experimental Evaluation of Computer Graphics Imagery GARY W. MEYER, HOLLY E. RUSHMEIER, MICHAEL and Subject Descriptors: 1.2.10 [Artificial Intelligence]: Vision and Scene Understand- ing-intensity, color Evaluation of Computer Graphics Imagery l 31 Early realistic image synthesis techniques and the lighting

Meyer, Gary

465

Paneling "Matters" in Elementary Students' Graphic Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a 10-week classroom-based study, 20 fourth grade students participated in a number of interdependent activities that focused on developing their visual meaning-making skills and competencies. As well as reading, responding in writing to and discussing a selection of picturebooks, graphic novels, and magazines, the students created graphic

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2013-01-01

466

1Computer Graphics 15-462 Announcements  

E-print Network

measure color (red, green, blue) · Rods responsible for monochrome night-vision #12;8Computer Graphics 15 surface Shadows underneath the desks #12;5Computer Graphics 15-462 Physics of Light and Color Electromagnetic (EM) radiation Different colors correspond to radiation of different wavelengths Intensity

Treuille, Adrien

467

Animated Transitions in Statistical Data Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the effectiveness of animated transitions between common statistical data graphics such as bar charts, pie charts, and scatter plots. We extend theoretical models of data graphics to include such transitions, introducing a taxonomy of transition types. We then propose design principles for creating effective transitions and illustrate the application of these principles in DynaVis, a

Jeffrey Heer; George G. Robertson

2007-01-01

468

Computer Graphics in Germany Dietmar Saupe  

E-print Network

for some 20 years an increasing interest in computer graphics, anima- tion, art, visualization and hardware com- puter science department has been striving to in- stall a graphics group, if it did not already-Planck-Gesellschaft founded a new research group on computer graph- ics within the Max-Planck-Instute of Computer Science

Reiterer, Harald

469

Graphical models, causal inference, and econometric models  

E-print Network

Graphical models, causal inference, and econometric models Peter Spirtes Abstract A graphical model modeling has historical ties to causal modeling in econometrics and other social sciences, there have been isolated from the econometric tradition. In this paper I will describe a number of recent developments

Spirtes, Peter

470

GPU Microarchitecture (Schedule Booklet Title: GRAPHICS PROCESSORS)  

E-print Network

EE 7700-1 GPU Microarchitecture (Schedule Booklet Title: GRAPHICS PROCESSORS) Where/When 218 Computer Graphics Transformations, projections, lighting, textures, etc. · GPU/GPGPU APIs: OpenGL, Direct3D Programmable GPU Designs Exploitation of control simplicity and abundant parallelism. GPU/CPU communication

Koppelman, David M.

471

Making Art Connections with Graphic Organizers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Posters, slide shows, videos, diagrams, charts, written or illustrated class notes, daily logs, to do lists, and written instructions are all helpful modes of teaching for visual learners. Another form of instruction that is helpful for visual learners is the graphic organizers. Sometimes called "mind maps", graphic organizers are illustrative…

Stephens, Pam; Hermus, Cindy

2007-01-01

472

User Interfaces of Interactive Statistical Graphics Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early graphical user interfaces were confronted with the attitude "Real men don't use mice". In many cases this scepticism was easy to understand, since the design of early GUIs (graphical user interfaces) was even more cryptic than their text based counterparts.

Martin Theus

473

Style and Function of Graphic Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shouldn't the future be a place where our graphical i n- terfaces disencumber computer use? We should be d e- veloping a library of graphical presentation and inte r- face techniques relative to where they are useful. We should work to make things respect the ergonomic and psychophysical realities of people. We should work to make things that look like

Ted Selker

1999-01-01

474

Graphic Design in Libraries: A Conceptual Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing successful library services requires efficient and effective communication with users; therefore, it is important that content creators who develop visual materials understand key components of design and, specifically, develop a holistic graphic design process. Graphic design, as a form of visual communication, is the process of…

Ruiz, Miguel

2014-01-01

475

GRAPHICAL MODELS AND AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION  

E-print Network

GRAPHICAL MODELS AND AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION JEFFREY A. BILMES Abstract. Graphical models provide a promising paradigm to study both existing and novel techniques for automatic speech recognition as part of a speech recognition system can be described by a graph ­ this includes Gaussian dis

Bilmes, Jeff

476

Printing (Graphic Arts): Scope and Sequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by all printing (graphic arts) instructors in the Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, this guide provides a sequential listing of course content and scope. A course description provides a brief overview of the content of the courses offered in the printing (graphic arts) program. General course objectives are then listed.…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

477

Teaching Media Literacy with Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A current problem in media literacy studies is whether or not to categorize graphic novels as media literacy texts. Thus, this article begins with a review of current media literacy research and its emphasis on defining media literacy texts as texts that rely on both print literacies and image literacies. Because graphic novels rely on…

Monnin, Katie

2010-01-01

478

Real-World Graphical User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the age of information appliances is getting close, current remote control devices are too awkward, and we cannot control sophisticated equipments without using graphical computer terminals. We propose a new inter- action technique called the Real-world GUI, where users can control real-world appliances just like performing GUI operations on graphical computer terminals, using a new input device called the

Toshiyuki Masui; Itiro Siio

2000-01-01

479

Beyond Maus: Other Holocaust Graphic Novels  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This essay discusses three Holocaust graphic novels: Will Eisner's A Life Force, Joe Kubert's Yossel: April 19, 1943, and Pascal Croci's Auschwitz. It considers how effectively each work portrays the Holocaust by comparing them to the best-known and most celebrated Holocaust graphic novel, Art Spiegelman's Maus: A Survivor's Tale. The essay argues that Eisner's is the most effective of the

Henry Gonshak

2009-01-01

480

Beyond Maus: Other Holocaust Graphic Novels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay discusses three Holocaust graphic novels: Will Eisner's A Life Force, Joe Kubert's Yossel: April 19, 1943, and Pascal Croci's Auschwitz. It considers how effectively each work portrays the Holocaust by comparing them to the best-known and most celebrated Holocaust graphic novel, Art Spiegelman's Maus: A Survivor's Tale. The essay argues that Eisner's is the most effective of the

Henry Gonshak

2009-01-01

481

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Geometric Modeling  

E-print Network

curves. · Hermite curves. · Bezier curves. · B-Splines. · NURBS. · Subdivision schemes. CSC6870 Computer Primitives: · Points ­ Vertices. · Curves ­ Lines, polylines, curves. · Surfaces ­ Triangle meshes, splines Graphics II Fundamental Shapes #12;CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Curves · Lines. · Polynomials. · Lagrange

Hua, Jing

482

Scientific Foundations of Computer Graphics Thomas Larsson  

E-print Network

methodological framework and research methods? In this paper, the nature of computer graphics is discussed from a theory of science perspective. The research methods of computer graphics are discussed and reasons of the research methods that are used in the field is given. We consider the scientific foundations upon which

Larsson, Thomas

483

Sharpen Your Skills: Tactile Graphics. Tactile Illustrating.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two short articles about tactile illustrating are presented for braille transcribers and teachers of the visually handicapped. Focusing on tactile graphics, the first article discusses the conversion of significant print graphic information to the clearest, most factually legible form possible. Tips for achieving factual legibility and the…

Epstein, Betty

1984-01-01

484

Spatial Ability through Engineering Graphics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spatial ability has been confirmed to be of particular importance for successful engineering graphics education and to be a component of human intelligence that can be improved through instruction and training. Consequently, the creation and communication by means of graphics demand careful development of spatial skills provided by the balanced…

Marunic, Gordana; Glazar, Vladimir

2013-01-01

485

Eye-catching: Right hemisphere attentional bias for emotional pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine whether healthy individuals spontaneously direct attention to emotional pictures, eye movements were monitored continuously during the presentation of pairs of emotional and neutral pictures. A right hemisphere advantage was expected for initial orienting to emotional pictures. When an emotionally arousing picture was presented in the left visual hemifield, i.e., to the right hemisphere, the initial saccade was more

Georg W. Alpers

2008-01-01

486

Teaching with Picture Books in the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that picture books have much to offer students in the upper grades (including middle school and even high school students), this book discusses using picture books to stimulate students' thinking in a variety of topic areas. Chapter 1, Using Picture Books in the Middle School To Stimulate Thinking, introduces the topic of using picture

Tiedt, Iris McClellan

487

Evidence for Evolution as Support for Big Bang  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the exception of ZERO, the concept of BIG BANG is by far the most bizarre creation of the human mind. Three classical pillars of the Big Bang model of the origin of the universe are generally thought to be: (i) The abundances of the light elements; (ii) the microwave back-ground radiation; and (iii) the change with cosmic epoch in the average properties of galaxies (both active and non-active types). Evidence is also mounting for redshift dependence of the intergalactic medium, as discussed elsewhere in this volume in detail. In this contribution, I endeavour to highlight a selection of recent advances pertaining to the third category. The widely different levels of confidence in the claimed observational constraints in the field of cosmology can be guaged from the following excerpts from two leading astrophysicists: "I would bet odds of 10 to 1 on the validity of the general 'hot Big Bang' concept as a description of how our universe has evolved since it was around 1 sec. old" -M. Rees (1995), in 'Perspectives in Astrophysical Cosmology' CUP. "With the much more sensitive observations available today, no astrophysical property shows evidence of evolution, such as was claimed in the 1950s to disprove the Steady State theory" -F. Hoyle (1987), in 'Fifty years in cosmology', B. M. Birla Memorial Lecture, Hyderabad, India. The burgeoning multi-wavelength culture in astronomy has provided a tremendous boost to observational cosmology in recent years. We now proceed to illustrate this with a sequence of examples which reinforce the picture of an evolving universe. Also provided are some relevant details of the data used in these studies so that their scope can be independently judged by the readers.

Gopal-Krishna

1997-12-01

488

On Functions of Pictures in Prose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature on the function of pictures in prose learning indicates that visual illustrations are helpful to children's learning, but that visual imagery has inconsistent effects on prose learning, although it seems to have potential for assisting those with adequate word recognition but low comprehension. A conceptual framework has…

Levin, Joel R.

489

Picture preferences of children and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors offer definitions of six types of illustrations and report a study of student preference for those picture styles.\\u000a Generally, their subjects, 380 students in grades K, 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, and 11, preferred photographs, with realistic drawings\\u000a ranked second. But there were significant differences between sexes and age groups.

Barbara Myatt; Juliet Mason Carter

1979-01-01

490

Picture Book Soldiers: Men and Messages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines children's picture books about soldiers and war, including fiction, folktales, and historical fiction, analyzing their implicit and explicit messages about war and the military, and evaluating them for gender stereotyping. Finds that the soldiers conform almost uniformly to an exaggerated male stereotype. Shows different value judgments…

Desai, Christina M.

2001-01-01

491

Who Plays, and Why, in Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the findings of a content analysis of 64 picture books on play themes for elementary school children. The books were analyzed to determine who was playing (sex of child or adult; ethnic group membership) and why (play for fun, for social benefits, or for self-enhancement). (SS)

McVaigh, Betty Lee; Johnson, Mary Frances K.

1979-01-01

492

The complex picture test in dementia.  

PubMed

The newly developed Complex Picture Test (CPT) examines main cognitive domains, especially perceptual and visual-spatial abilities. The potential usefulness of the CPT in the assessment of dementia was evaluated. Patients with different forms of dementia [14 vascular dementia (VaD), 30 Alzheimer's disease (AD), 6 Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD)], 12 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 30 matched controls were examined by the CPT, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the WAIS-R Digit Span subtest, and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT). The CPT consists of 10 complex pictures, each presenting characteristics paradoxically in opposition to each other. The subjects scored points for naming the object and noticing the paradox. One point was added for commenting on the paradox without prompting (3 points each picture/maximum of 30). CPT scores were significantly higher in the control group (mean ± SD, 29.46 ± 1.43) than in the AD, VaD, MCI, and PDD groups (13.1 ± 2.3, 16.9 ± 3.5, 23.2 ± 1.4, and 23.6 ± 3.4, respectively; p < 0.05). Significant positive correlations between MMSE, Digit Span, CDT, and CPT scores were observed (rho 0.76, 0.35, and 0.56, respectively). These data show perception of complex pictures being compromised in dementia. The correlation between CPT scores and MMSE scores suggests that tests may be used as a brief screening tool for dementia. PMID:23139686

Rothenberg, K Gustaw; Pi?d?o, R; Nagaraj, U D; Friedland, R P

2012-01-01

493

Moon Illusion in Pictures: A Multimechanism Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of the moon illusion in pictorial representations was demonstrated in 6 experiments. Ss either judged the size of the moon in pictures, depicted as on the horizon or high in the sky, or drew horizon and elevated moons. The horizon moon was consistently judged to be larger than the elevated moon, independent of the angle at which the

Stanley Coren; Deborah J. Aks

1990-01-01

494

Predictions of a fundamental statistical picture  

E-print Network

A picture is presented in which standard physics and its extensions are obtained from statistical counting and stochastic fluctuations, together with the geography of our particular universe in D dimensions. The inescapable predictions include supersymmetry, SO(d) grand unification, Higgs-like bosons, vanishing of the usual cosmological constant, nonstandard behavior of scalar bosons, and Lorentz violation at extremely high energies.

Roland E. Allen

2011-01-03

495

Perturbative Implementation of the Furry Picture  

E-print Network

Recently the block-diagonalization of Dirac-operators was investigated from a mathematical point of view in the one-particle case. We extend this result to the $N$-particle case. This leads to a perturbative realization of the Furry picture in the $N$-particle two-spinor space.

M. Huber; E. Stockmeyer

2006-07-07

496

Water Science for Schools: Water Science Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site uses a picture of a covered swimming pool as an example of a watershed and describes real-world watersheds and their processes, including precipitation, infiltration, evaporation, transpiration, and storage. Links to an interactive rainfall calculator and to related websites are included.

497

Author! Author! Picture Artist: Stephen Gammell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column presents a brief biography of illustrator Stephen Gammell, well-known for both his black-and-white and his brightly colored children's picture book art. Stephen Gammell has made a long career illustrating children's stories and poems. The first book he illustrated, "A Nutty Business" (written by Ida Chittum), was published in 1973 and…

Brodie, Carolyn S.

2005-01-01

498

Picture Stories for ESL Health Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These picture stories help English as a Second Language teachers address topics affecting their students' health and wellbeing. They are useful for beginner and low-literacy students, offering a safe, impromptu way to discuss difficult topics, ask questions, and obtain information. As the stories are about cartoon characters, students are not…

Singleton, Kate

499

Picture this!: film assembly using toy gestures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Picture This! a new input device embedded in children's toys for video composition. It consists of a new form of interaction for children's capturing of storytelling with physical artifacts. It functions as a video and storytelling performance system in that children craft videos with and about character toys as the system analyzes their gestures and play patterns. Children's

Cati Vaucelle; Hiroshi Ishii

2008-01-01

500

Track Picture Book. Elementary Science Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This picture book was designed to be used with an Elementary Science Study unit that provides opportunities for students in grades 4-6 to study animal tracks. Shown within this book are numerous examples of tracks, including those of tires, human beings, animal tracks, and others in various media, such as snow, sand, mud, dust, and cement. (CS)

Webster, David; And Others