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Sample records for graphical big picture

  1. The big picture Victoria University of Wellington

    E-print Network

    Visser, Matt

    Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Victoria University of Wellington Te Whare W¯ananga o te Overview of modern cosmology #12;Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Outline: Abstract Basics The big picture Matt Visser Overview of modern cosmology #12;Outline Abstract Basics The big picture Abstract: VUW

  2. Science's Big Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sapp, Gregg

    2007-01-01

    The state of science is a moving target, and its ever-shifting horizons can best be gleaned by the contents of scientific journals. However, the bigger picture of the scientific enterprise, which also encompasses its past, its future, and its overarching philosophies, can often be better represented through the more reflective pace of popular…

  3. The big picture Victoria University of Wellington

    E-print Network

    Visser, Matt

    Basics The big picture The big picture: Expansion Hubble ultra-deep field Matt Visser Cosmology: Dark section of the Hubble ultra-deep field Matt Visser Cosmology: Dark energy, dark matter, and all that te Ika a Maui VUW Cosmology: Dark energy, dark matter, and all that... Matt Visser Sunday May 24 2009

  4. Business and Science - Big Data, Big Picture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosati, A.

    2013-12-01

    Data Science is more than the creation, manipulation, and transformation of data. It is more than Big Data. The business world seems to have a hold on the term 'data science' and, for now, they define what it means. But business is very different than science. In this talk, I address how large datasets, Big Data, and data science are conceptually different in business and science worlds. I focus on the types of questions each realm asks, the data needed, and the consequences of findings. Gone are the days of datasets being created or collected to serve only one purpose or project. The trick with data reuse is to become familiar enough with a dataset to be able to combine it with other data and extract accurate results. As a Data Curator for the Advanced Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (ACADIS), my specialty is communication. Our team enables Arctic sciences by ensuring datasets are well documented and can be understood by reusers. Previously, I served as a data community liaison for the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP). Again, my specialty was communicating complex instructions and ideas to a broad audience of data users. Before entering the science world, I was an entrepreneur. I have a bachelor's degree in economics and a master's degree in environmental social science. I am currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Geography. Because my background has embraced both the business and science worlds, I would like to share my perspectives on data, data reuse, data documentation, and the presentation or communication of findings. My experiences show that each can inform and support the other.

  5. Computing and Information Retrieval The Big Picture

    E-print Network

    Kunkle, Tom

    Model (1960s and 1970s) Gerard Salton's Information Retrieval System SMART: System for the MechanicalComputing and Information Retrieval The Big Picture Amy N. Langville Department of Mathematics/Telcordia -- Computer information retrieval using latent semantic structure. U.S. Patent No. 4,839,853, June 13, 1989

  6. THE BIG PICTURE: A "FISHERY SYSTEM APPROACH"

    E-print Network

    Charles, Anthony

    economy and coastal communities. Accordingly, there is a need to move toward a "big picture" perspective ecosystems and coastal human systems, thereby addressing the needs of both biodiversity conservation fishery management, with biodiversity an aspect of marine conservation that has received little attention

  7. The Big Picture College: A Model High School Program Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scurry, Jamie E.; Littky, Dennis

    2007-01-01

    The Providence-based Big Picture Company has transformed the American high school experience for low-income, urban students. Now it is ready to take on a new challenge: redesigning the American college. In this article, the authors discuss how the Big Picture College will build a curriculum that emphasizes students' interests, integrates…

  8. A. The big ideas Numerical and graphical summaries

    E-print Network

    Green, Peter

    A. The big ideas · EDA ­ Numerical and graphical summaries ­ Outliers, shape of distribution · Parametric statistical models ­ Assume distribution family, treat only parameter as unknown ­ Data as observed values of random variables · Repeated sampling (sampling distributions) ­ Using simulation

  9. Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones,

    E-print Network

    Jones, Simon Peyton

    Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones, Department, or pictures, are represented as values that functions can manipu­ late and inspect to create new values. Complete pictures are constructed by repeatedly composing such picture values together using picture com

  10. The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic

    E-print Network

    Ponomarenko, Vadim

    The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word A Tiny Introduction to Group Arithmetic past University July 3, 2008 http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/vadim/arithmetic.pdf #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One of S. "Sequence"=Multiset #12;The Big Picture Multisets Sets One Last Word the basic problem Let G

  11. Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato NASA Goddard;Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* Jim Hansen March 11, 2009 Climate. Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture co-authors or colleagues providing data

  12. Improving survival after endometrial cancer: the big picture

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    To improve survival in women with endometrial cancer, we need to look at the "big picture" beyond initial treatment. Although the majority of women will be diagnosed with early stage disease and are cured with surgery alone, there is a subgroup of women with advanced and high-risk early stage disease whose life expectancy may be prolonged with the addition of chemotherapy. Immunohistochemistry will help to identify those women with Lynch syndrome who will benefit from more frequent colorectal cancer surveillance and genetic counseling. If they happen to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer, this information has an important therapeutic implication. And finally, because the majority of women will survive their diagnosis of endometrial cancer, they remain at risk for breast and colorectal cancer, so these women should be counselled about screening for these cancers. These three interventions will contribute to improving the overall survival of women with endometrial cancer. PMID:26197859

  13. Recap Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Introduction to Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Recap Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Introduction to Information and Language Processing, University of Munich 2014-07-02 Sch¨utze: Web search 1 / 123 #12;Recap Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Overview 1 Recap 2 Big picture 3 Ads 4 Duplicate detection 5

  14. Picture This: Processes Prompted by Graphics in Informational Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norman, Rebecca R.

    2010-01-01

    Verbal protocols have provided literacy researchers with a strong understanding of what processes readers (both adults and children) use as they read narrative and informational text. Little is known, however, about the comprehension processes that are prompted by the graphics in these texts. This study of nine second graders used verbal protocol…

  15. The Big Picture? Video and the Representation of Interaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plowman, Lydia; Stephen, Christine

    2008-01-01

    Researchers who use video to record interactions usually need to translate the video data into another medium at some stage in order to facilitate its analysis and dissemination. This article considers some methodological issues that arise in this process by examining transcripts, diagrams and pictures as examples of different techniques for…

  16. Quantization of Big Bang in crypto-Hermitian Heisenberg picture

    E-print Network

    Znojil, Miloslav

    2015-01-01

    A background-independent quantization of the Universe near its Big Bang singularity is considered using a drastically simplified toy model. Several conceptual issues are addressed. (1) The observable spatial-geometry characteristics of our empty-space expanding Universe is sampled by the time-dependent operator $Q=Q(t)$ of the distance between two space-attached observers (``Alice and Bob''). (2) For any pre-selected guess of the simple, non-covariant time-dependent observable $Q(t)$ one of the Kato's exceptional points (viz., $t=\\tau_{(EP)}$) is postulated {\\em real-valued}. This enables us to treat it as the time of Big Bang. (3) During our ``Eon'' (i.e., at all $t>\\tau_{(EP)}$) the observability status of operator $Q(t)$ is mathematically guaranteed by its self-adjoint nature with respect to an {\\em ad hoc} Hilbert-space metric $\\Theta(t) \

  17. Quantization of Big Bang in crypto-Hermitian Heisenberg picture

    E-print Network

    Miloslav Znojil

    2015-11-24

    A background-independent quantization of the Universe near its Big Bang singularity is considered using a drastically simplified toy model. Several conceptual issues are addressed. (1) The observable spatial-geometry characteristics of our empty-space expanding Universe is sampled by the time-dependent operator $Q=Q(t)$ of the distance between two space-attached observers (``Alice and Bob''). (2) For any pre-selected guess of the simple, non-covariant time-dependent observable $Q(t)$ one of the Kato's exceptional points (viz., $t=\\tau_{(EP)}$) is postulated {\\em real-valued}. This enables us to treat it as the time of Big Bang. (3) During our ``Eon'' (i.e., at all $t>\\tau_{(EP)}$) the observability status of operator $Q(t)$ is mathematically guaranteed by its self-adjoint nature with respect to an {\\em ad hoc} Hilbert-space metric $\\Theta(t) \

  18. David Alciatore ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "Throw Part X: the big picture"

    E-print Network

    Alciatore, David G.

    , throw is change in the object ball direction due to sideways forces between the cue ball (CB) and objectDavid Alciatore ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "Throw ­ Part X: the big picture" Note in my series dealing with "throw" and English effects. So far, I've looked at basic terminology

  19. Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    1 Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD Presented to isolate nuclear waste successfully from the biosphere for the long term can be developed if our society to this impasse? In the 1940's at the beginning of the nuclear age, nuclear waste was seen as a "problem" only

  20. Placing Graphics in Word Processing and Poster Documents We often have to embed pictures of various kinds into documents. These guidelines outline the best

    E-print Network

    Pace, Norman

    Placing Graphics in Word Processing and Poster Documents We often have to embed pictures of various of graphics files, bitmaps and vector or object-based. A bitmap picture is a rectangular matrix of dots (pixels) where each dot is a single color. When a bitmapped picture is printed a certain size the printed

  1. U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Loss: The Big Picture 

    E-print Network

    Brueske, S.; Sabouni, R.

    2014-01-01

    .S. Manufacturing Energy and Loss: The Big Picture 2010 Year Data (TBtu) EIA MECS 2010 ESL-IE-14-05-43a Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Slide 5/46 2010 year data (EIA MECS, EIA AER) 7 TBtu... manufacturing sectors consume the most energy? • Which cross-cutting processes consume the most energy? • Where are the greatest energy losses incurred? 2010 Year Data EIA Annual Energy Review 2011 EIA MECS 2010 Total = 97.7 Quads Residential 21.9 22...

  2. GRAMPS: a graphics language interpreter for real-time, interactive, three-dimensional picture editing and animation

    SciTech Connect

    O'Donnell, T.J.; Olson, A.J.

    1981-08-01

    GRAMPS, a graphics language interpreter has been developed in FORTRAN 77 to be used in conjunction with an interactive vector display list processor (Evans and Sutherland Multi-Picture-System). Several of the features of the language make it very useful and convenient for real-time scene construction, manipulation and animation. The GRAMPS language syntax allows natural interaction with scene elements as well as easy, interactive assignment of graphics input devices. GRAMPS facilitates the creation, manipulation and copying of complex nested picture structures. The language has a powerful macro feature that enables new graphics commands to be developed and incorporated interactively. Animation may be achieved in GRAMPS by two different, yet mutually compatible means. Picture structures may contain framed data, which consist of a sequence of fixed objects. These structures may be displayed sequentially to give a traditional frame animation effect. In addition, transformation information on picture structures may be saved at any time in the form of new macro commands that will transform these structures from one saved state to another in a specified number of steps, yielding an interpolated transformation animation effect. An overview of the GRAMPS command structure is given and several examples of application of the language to molecular modeling and animation are presented.

  3. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Lunar Remote Sensing: Seeing the Big Picture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    The session "Lunar Remote Sensing: Seeing the Big Picture" contained the following reports:Approaches for Approximating Topography in High Resolution, Multispectral Data; Verification of Quality and Compatibility for the Newly Calibrated Clementine NIR Data Set; Near Infrared Spectral Properties of Selected Nearside and Farside Sites ; Global Comparisons of Mare Volcanism from Clementine Near-Infrared Data; Testing the Relation Between UVVIS Color and TiO2 Composition in the Lunar Maria; Color Reflectance Trends in the Mare: Implications for Mapping Iron with Multispectral Images ; The Composition of the Lunar Megaregolith: Some Initial Results from Global Mapping; Global Images of Mg-Number Derived from Clementine Data; The Origin of Lunar Crater Rays; Properties of Lunar Crater Ejecta from New 70-cm Radar Observations ; Permanent Sunlight at the Lunar North Pole; and ESA s SMART-1 Mission to the Moon: Goals, Status and First Results.

  4. PHYS 390 Lectures 1/2 -The Big Picture 1/2 -1 2001 by David Boal, Simon Fraser University. All rights reserved; further copying or resale is strictly prohibited.

    E-print Network

    Boal, David

    PHYS 390 Lectures 1/2 - The Big Picture 1/2 - 1 © 2001 by David Boal, Simon Fraser University. All rights reserved; further copying or resale is strictly prohibited. Lectures 1-2 - The Big Picture What universe; 4 He production; open or closed universe? #12;PHYS 390 Lectures 1/2 - The Big Picture 1/2 - 2

  5. Seeing big things: overestimation of heights is greater for real objects than for objects in pictures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yang, T. L.; Dixon, M. W.; Proffitt, D. R.; Kaiser, M. K. (Principal Investigator)

    1999-01-01

    In six experiments we demonstrate that the vertical-horizontal illusion that is evoked when viewing photographs and line drawings is relatively small, whereas the magnitude of this illusion when large objects are viewed is at least twice as great. Furthermore, we show that the illusion is due more to vertical overestimation than horizontal underestimation. The lack of a difference in vertical overestimation between pictures and line drawings suggests that vertical overestimation in pictures depends solely on the perceived physical size of the projection on the picture surface, rather than on what is apparent about an object's represented size. The vertical-horizontal illusion is influenced by perceived physical size. It is greater when viewing large objects than small pictures of these same objects, even when visual angles are equated.

  6. Picture It!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naughton, Victoria M.

    2008-01-01

    The Picture It! reading strategy uses the elements of story grammar and visualization in a mnemonic format to enhance comprehension, aid vocabulary development, visually establish story sequence, and stimulate discussion of both the big picture of the story's meaning and the details which support the author's message. It is a strategy that can be…

  7. Proceedings of the Second All-USGS Modeling Conference, February 11-14, 2008: Painting the Big Picture

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brady, Shailaja R.

    2009-01-01

    The Second USGS Modeling Conference was held February 11-14, 2008, in Orange Beach, Ala. Participants at the conference came from all U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) regions and represented all four science discipline - Biology, Geography, Geology, and Water. Representatives from other Department of the Interior (DOI) agencies and partners from the academic community also participated. The conference, which was focused on 'painting the big picture', emphasized the following themes: Integrated Landscape Monitoring, Global Climate Change, Ecosystem Modeling, and Hazards and Risks. The conference centered on providing a forum for modelers to meet, exchange information on current approaches, identify specific opportunities to share existing models and develop more linked and integrated models to address complex science questions, and increase collaboration across disciplines and with other organizations. Abstracts for the 31 oral presentations and more than 60 posters presented at the conference are included here. The conference also featured a field trip to review scientific modeling issues along the Gulf of Mexico. The field trip included visits to Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge, Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, the 5 Rivers Delta Resource Center, and Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. On behalf of all the participants of the Second All-USGS Modeling Conference, the conference organizing committee expresses our sincere appreciation for the support of field trip oganizers and leaders, including the managers from the various Reserves and Refuges. The organizing committee for the conference included Jenifer Bracewell, Sally Brady, Jacoby Carter, Thomas Casadevall, Linda Gundersen, Tom Gunther, Heather Henkel, Lauren Hay, Pat Jellison, K. Bruce Jones, Kenneth Odom, and Mark Wildhaber.

  8. The Big Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVolder, Chris

    2002-01-01

    Describes how sustainable educational facility design, resulting from a holistic approach to architectural design, engineering, and construction, can generate capital, operational, and maintenance savings. Offers examples related to roofing, air quality, and lighting. (EV)

  9. The Storyboard's Big Picture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Malloy, Cheryl A.; Cooley, William

    2003-01-01

    At Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Cape Canaveral Office, we're using a project management tool that facilitates team communication, keeps our project team focused, streamlines work and identifies potential issues. What did it cost us to install the tool? Almost nothing.

  10. The Big Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naturescope, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Contains a series of activities which focus on the process of extinction, how the increasing human population affects other species, and on the reasons for helping endangered species. Includes diagrams and illustrations of endangered species. (ML)

  11. Temporal changes in methane stable isotopes in polar ice cores: big picture and implications for ecosystem changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Seth, Barbara; Beck, Jonas; Fischer, Hubertus

    2014-05-01

    Methane (CH4) is the third most important greenhouse gas after water vapour and carbon dioxide (CO2). Since the industrial revolution the mixing ratio of CH4 in the atmosphere rose to ~1800 ppb, a value never reached within the last 800 000 years. Nowadays, CH4 contributes ~20% to the total radiative forcing from all of the long-lived greenhouse gases. This CH4 increase can only be assessed in relation to natural methane changes in the past. Firn air and air enclosures in polar ice cores represent the only direct paleoatmospheric archive. The latter show that atmospheric CH4 concentrations changed in concert with northern hemisphere temperature during both glacial/interglacial transitions as well as rapid climate changes (Dansgaard-Oeschger events), however, the sources of the methane concentration changes are still a matter of debate. Stable isotopes of methane (?13CH4 and ?D(CH4)) may help to distinguish differences in the magnitude of source type emissions (e.g. Bock et al. 2010). However, recently we could show that it is difficult to interpret the atmospheric loading of methane by relative source mix changes alone (Möller et al. 2013). In fact it appears, that the carbon isotopic signature (?13CH4) of e.g. tropical wetlands undergoes drastic shifts connected to climate, CO2, sea level or potentially other unknown processes. Here we present the big picture derived from the EDML (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica, Dronning Maud Land) and Vostok ice cores (Möller et al. 2013) and additional new dual isotope data from 4 ice cores from both poles that cover three interglacials: the Holocene, MIS 5 and MIS 11. The contribution sheds light on our current understanding of methane biogeochemistry and discusses open questions. References: Bock, M., J. Schmitt, L. Möller, R. Spahni, T. Blunier, H. Fischer (2010). 'Hydrogen Isotopes Preclude Marine Hydrate CH4 Emissions at the Onset of Dansgaard-Oeschger Events', Science, 328, 1686-1689 Möller, L., T. Sowers, M. Bock, R. Spahni, M. Behrens, J. Schmitt, H. Miller and H. Fischer (2013). "Independent variations of CH4 emissions and isotopic composition over the past 160,000 years" Nature Geoscience, 10.1038/ngeo1922. Bock, M., J. Schmitt, J. Beck, R. Schneider, H. Fischer (2013). "Improving accuracy and precision of ice core ?D(CH4) analyses using methane pre- and hydrogen post-pyrolysis trapping and subsequent chromatographic separation', Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 6, 11279-11307, doi:10.5194/amtd-6-11279-2013, 2013. Schmitt J., B. Seth, M. Bock and H. Fischer (2014). "Online technique for isotope and mixing ratios of CH4, N2O, Xe and mixing ratios of organic trace gases on a single ice core sample', submitted to Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.

  12. Global power: The big picture

    SciTech Connect

    Poirier, J.L.

    1996-12-31

    In this presentation, the author reviews the current activity in global power (GP) based on the most recent data gathered by Hagler Bailly which has maintained for the last five years a very comprehensive data base on global power transactions and project announcements. The firm has also worked with dozens of global power companies since 1990. The presentation reviews the trends in the number of GP closings for 1992-1995 and gives a preview of what the worldwide pipeline of activities looks like for the next 4-5 years. The analysis covers all GP activities (i.e., generation, distribution and transmission) as well as the various types of transactions that are taking place (i.e., greenfield projects, privatizations, secondary purchases). Key country markets are also highlighted. The author also presents a review of recent positive and negative developments in terms of regulatory changes, project cost trends, developers` project experiences, and financing issues. This systematic review serves as a preamble to the author`s projection of future GP market activity (e.g., number of closings by type of project through 2000). Finally, the author presents an updated view of the competition in the GP market including the number and various types of competitors; the newcomers; the winners and the losers; and the changes in leaders` market shares.

  13. The Big Picture: An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hom, Willard C.

    2010-01-01

    The system office for community college institutional research (SOCCIR) plays a role in the drama of higher education that states must orchestrate to help community college systems operate effectively and efficiently over the long term. But how exactly does the SOCCIR enable a state to accomplish what the separate institutional research (IR)…

  14. Connecting with the Big Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brophy, Jere

    2009-01-01

    This article concludes the special issue on identity and motivation by discussing the five preceding contributions. It identifies strengths and limitations in each article and places them within a larger context, indicating ways that the authors could broaden the scope of their inquiries by breaking free of existing limitations or adding…

  15. Computer Science: The Big Picture

    E-print Network

    Dahlquist, Kam D.

    Pole Cooking How to make chocolate mousse How to poach an egg Instruction Manuals How to use the Hole" is an abstraction -- it includes how to use the gas pedal, how to shift gears, how to brake, etc. In cooking, certain activities eventually get abstracted out: for example, a recipe for eggs benedict will simply ask

  16. Chemistry--The Big Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassell, Anne

    2011-01-01

    Chemistry produces materials and releases energy by ionic or electronic rearrangements. Three structure types affect the ease with which a reaction occurs. In the Earth's crust, "solid crystals" change chemically only with extreme heat and pressure, unless their fixed ions touch moving fluids. On the other hand, in living things, "liquid crystals"…

  17. Picture OHSU Picture a split-

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Picture OHSU #12;Picture a split- second decision and EXPERTISE that saves a life Picture a moment whose contributions help make this vital work possible and enhance its meaning. Picture OHSU Now put yourself in the picture #12;Picture all the good your GIFT can do Picture the face of a child glowing

  18. How Computer Graphics Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prosise, Jeff

    This document presents the principles behind modern computer graphics without straying into the arcane languages of mathematics and computer science. Illustrations accompany the clear, step-by-step explanations that describe how computers draw pictures. The 22 chapters of the book are organized into 5 sections. "Part 1: Computer Graphics in…

  19. Knowledge From Pictures (KFP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Truszkowski, Walt; Paterra, Frank; Bailin, Sidney

    1993-01-01

    The old maxim goes: 'A picture is worth a thousand words'. The objective of the research reported in this paper is to demonstrate this idea as it relates to the knowledge acquisition process and the automated development of an expert system's rule base. A prototype tool, the Knowledge From Pictures (KFP) tool, has been developed which configures an expert system's rule base by an automated analysis of and reasoning about a 'picture', i.e., a graphical representation of some target system to be supported by the diagnostic capabilities of the expert system under development. This rule base, when refined, could then be used by the expert system for target system monitoring and fault analysis in an operational setting. Most people, when faced with the problem of understanding the behavior of a complicated system, resort to the use of some picture or graphical representation of the system as an aid in thinking about it. This depiction provides a means of helping the individual to visualize the bahavior and dynamics of the system under study. An analysis of the picture augmented with the individual's background information, allows the problem solver to codify knowledge about the system. This knowledge can, in turn, be used to develop computer programs to automatically monitor the system's performance. The approach taken is this research was to mimic this knowledge acquisition paradigm. A prototype tool was developed which provides the user: (1) a mechanism for graphically representing sample system-configurations appropriate for the domain, and (2) a linguistic device for annotating the graphical representation with the behaviors and mutual influences of the components depicted in the graphic. The KFP tool, reasoning from the graphical depiction along with user-supplied annotations of component behaviors and inter-component influences, generates a rule base that could be used in automating the fault detection, isolation, and repair of the system.

  20. Real time emotion aware applications: a case study employing emotion evocative pictures and neuro-physiological sensing enhanced by Graphic Processor Units.

    PubMed

    Konstantinidis, Evdokimos I; Frantzidis, Christos A; Pappas, Costas; Bamidis, Panagiotis D

    2012-07-01

    In this paper the feasibility of adopting Graphic Processor Units towards real-time emotion aware computing is investigated for boosting the time consuming computations employed in such applications. The proposed methodology was employed in analysis of encephalographic and electrodermal data gathered when participants passively viewed emotional evocative stimuli. The GPU effectiveness when processing electroencephalographic and electrodermal recordings is demonstrated by comparing the execution time of chaos/complexity analysis through nonlinear dynamics (multi-channel correlation dimension/D2) and signal processing algorithms (computation of skin conductance level/SCL) into various popular programming environments. Apart from the beneficial role of parallel programming, the adoption of special design techniques regarding memory management may further enhance the time minimization which approximates a factor of 30 in comparison with ANSI C language (single-core sequential execution). Therefore, the use of GPU parallel capabilities offers a reliable and robust solution for real-time sensing the user's affective state. PMID:22520825

  1. Big Thompson River Flooding

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The USGS Big Thompson River at Loveland streamgage, pictured here, was damaged during the September 2013 Colorado flood event. USGS crews installed a temporary streamgage nearby to compensate for the lag in data....

  2. Picture Postage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterer, Irv

    2009-01-01

    With the popularity of e-mail cutting into revenues, Canada Post is always searching for a marketing strategy that would encourage people to use the mail. "Picture Postage" is such an initiative. This popular program allows individuals to create their own stamps for family and friends. This opportunity also provides a vehicle for businesses to…

  3. Cover Picture.

    PubMed

    Zenobi; Deckert

    2000-05-15

    The cover picture shows an etched and metallized optical fiber tip for chemical analysis on the nanometer scale using near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy. The background shows an image of nanospheres embedded in a polymer matrix that were visualized via fluorescence. Further details are given in the review by R. Zenobi and V. Deckert on pages 1746-1756. PMID:10934350

  4. Computer Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halpern, Jeanne W.

    1970-01-01

    Computer graphics have been called the most exciting development in computer technology. At the University of Michigan, three kinds of graphics output equipment are now being used: symbolic printers, line plotters or drafting devices, and cathode-ray tubes (CRT). Six examples are given that demonstrate the range of graphics use at the University.…

  5. BIG PICTURE Reviving Central Valley Rivers

    E-print Network

    Stella, John C.

    our way from the water wars and the Endangered Species Act -- farmers, urbanites, environmentalists F E D b a y - d e l t a s c i e n c e p r o g r a m A river is a band of water you cross on the way that deliver water to our farms and cities, or worse yet, an inconven- ience in the midst of an amazing water

  6. 1 The Big Picture in Review Retrievalforgetting

    E-print Network

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    -Term Memory (LTM) Attention Rehearsal Retrievalforgetting forgetting Environment Ch 4: Sensory & Short-Term: transient memories.. Ch 5: LTM: Encoding = how do things get encoded into LTM? Ch 6: LTM: Retrieval = how do you get things back out? forgetting.. Ch 7: LTM: Storage: What's in there anyway & how organized? 2 Ch

  7. NASA's Hyperwall Revealing the Big Picture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sellers, Piers

    2011-01-01

    NASA:s hyperwall is a sophisticated visualization tool used to display large datasets. The hyperwall, or video wall, is capable of displaying multiple high-definition data visualizations and/or images simultaneously across an arrangement of screens. Functioning as a key component at many NASA exhibits, the hyperwall is used to help explain phenomena, ideas, or examples of world change. The traveling version of the hyperwall is typically comprised of nine 42-50" flat-screen monitors arranged in a 3x3 array (as depicted below). However, it is not limited to monitor size or number; screen sizes can be as large as 52" and the arrangement of screens can include more than nine monitors. Generally, NASA satellite and model data are used to highlight particular themes in atmospheric, land, and ocean science. Many of the existing hyperwall stories reveal change across space and time, while others display large-scale still-images accompanied by descriptive, story-telling captions. Hyperwall content on a variety of Earth Science topics already exists and is made available to the public at: eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/hyperwall. Keynote and PowerPoint presentations as well as Summary of Story files are available for download on each existing topic. New hyperwall content and accompanying files will continue being developed to promote scientific literacy across a diverse group of audience members. NASA invites the use of content accessible through this website but requests the user to acknowledge any and all data sources referenced in the content being used.

  8. The Epidemiology of Obesity: A Big Picture.

    PubMed

    Hruby, Adela; Hu, Frank B

    2015-07-01

    The epidemic of overweight and obesity presents a major challenge to chronic disease prevention and health across the life course around the world. Fueled by economic growth, industrialization, mechanized transport, urbanization, an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, and a nutritional transition to processed foods and high-calorie diets over the last 30 years, many countries have witnessed the prevalence of obesity in its citizens double and even quadruple. A rising prevalence of childhood obesity, in particular, forebodes a staggering burden of disease in individuals and healthcare systems in the decades to come. A complex, multifactorial disease, with genetic, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental origins, obesity raises the risk of debilitating morbidity and mortality. Relying primarily on epidemiologic evidence published within the last decade, this non-exhaustive review discusses the extent of the obesity epidemic, its risk factors-known and novel-, sequelae, and economic impact across the globe. PMID:25471927

  9. Bucks, Benefits, and Bargaining: The Big Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pharis, William L.; Keller, Edward P.

    1978-01-01

    This summary of the results of a national survey of 1,146 randomly selected school systems includes data on salaries and salary increases for school administrators (primarily principals) and teachers. A review of principals' contracts includes examples of health benefits, auto insurance, and other clauses. (Author/DS)

  10. The big picture: does colonoscopy work?

    PubMed

    Hewett, David G; Rex, Douglas K

    2015-04-01

    Colonoscopy for average-risk colorectal cancer screening has transformed the practice of gastrointestinal medicine in the United States. However, although the dominant screening strategy, its use is not supported by randomized controlled trials. Observational data do support a protective effect of colonoscopy and polypectomy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality, but the level of protection in the proximal colon is variable and operator-dependent. Colonoscopy by high-level detectors remains highly effective, and ongoing quality improvement initiatives should consider regulatory factors that motivate changes in physician behavior. PMID:25839693

  11. Fundamental Quantum Mechanics--A Graphic Presentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, M. N.; Kelley, T. G.

    1977-01-01

    Describes a presentation of basic quantum mechanics for nonscience majors that relies on a computer-generated graphic display to circumvent the usual mathematical difficulties. It allows a detailed treatment of free-particle motion in a wave picture. (MLH)

  12. B490 Mining the Big Data 0 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Qin

    1-1 Qin Zhang B490 Mining the Big Data §0 Introduction #12;2-1 Data Mining What is Data Mining (explore structure in large graphs) #12;4-1 Big Data #12;5-1 · : over 2.5 petabytes of sales transactions · : an index of over 19 billion web pages · : over 40 billion of pictures · . . . Big Data Big data

  13. Graphic Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, John

    2009-01-01

    Graphic storytelling is a medium that allows students to make and share stories, while developing their art communication skills. American comics today are more varied in genre, approach, and audience than ever before. When considering the impact of Japanese manga on the youth, graphic storytelling emerges as a powerful player in pop culture. In…

  14. Graphic Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towler, Alan L.

    This guide to teaching graphic arts, one in a series of instructional materials for junior high industrial arts education, is designed to assist teachers as they plan and implement new courses of study and as they make revisions and improvements in existing courses in order to integrate classroom learning with real-life experiences. This graphic

  15. From least squares to multilevel modeling: A graphical introduction to Bayesian inference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loredo, Thomas J.

    2016-01-01

    This tutorial presentation will introduce some of the key ideas and techniques involved in applying Bayesian methods to problems in astrostatistics. The focus will be on the big picture: understanding the foundations (interpreting probability, Bayes's theorem, the law of total probability and marginalization), making connections to traditional methods (propagation of errors, least squares, chi-squared, maximum likelihood, Monte Carlo simulation), and highlighting problems where a Bayesian approach can be particularly powerful (Poisson processes, density estimation and curve fitting with measurement error). The "graphical" component of the title reflects an emphasis on pictorial representations of some of the math, but also on the use of graphical models (multilevel or hierarchical models) for analyzing complex data. Code for some examples from the talk will be available to participants, in Python and in the Stan probabilistic programming language.

  16. Hot big bang or slow freeze?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wetterich, C.

    2014-09-01

    We confront the big bang for the beginning of the universe with an equivalent picture of a slow freeze - a very cold and slowly evolving universe. In the freeze picture the masses of elementary particles increase and the gravitational constant decreases with cosmic time, while the Newtonian attraction remains unchanged. The freeze and big bang pictures both describe the same observations or physical reality. We present a simple “crossover model” without a big bang singularity. In the infinite past space-time is flat. Our model is compatible with present observations, describing the generation of primordial density fluctuations during inflation as well as the present transition to a dark energy-dominated universe.

  17. Hot big bang or slow freeze?

    E-print Network

    C. Wetterich

    2014-05-23

    We confront the big bang for the beginning of the universe with an equivalent picture of a slow freeze - a very cold and slowly evolving universe. In the freeze picture the masses of elementary particles increase and the gravitational constant decreases with cosmic time, while the Newtonian attraction remains unchanged. The freeze and big bang pictures both describe the same observations or physical reality. We present a simple "crossover model" without a big bang singularity. In the infinite past space-time is flat. Our model is compatible with present observations, describing the generation of primordial density fluctuations during inflation as well as the present transition to a dark energy dominated universe.

  18. Big Society, Big Deal?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    Political leaders like to put forward guiding ideas or themes which pull their individual decisions into a broader narrative. For John Major it was Back to Basics, for Tony Blair it was the Third Way and for David Cameron it is the Big Society. While Mr. Blair relied on Lord Giddens to add intellectual weight to his idea, Mr. Cameron's legacy idea…

  19. Trellis graphics 1 Trellis graphics

    E-print Network

    Irwin, Mark E.

    = function(x, y, ...) { panel.xyplot(x, y, ...); panel.loess(x, y, ...) } ) #12;Trellis graphics 9-panel displays. In this example the scatterplot smoother loess is applied to each panel of the plot Viscosity

  20. A user's guide for DTIZE an interactive digitizing and graphical editing computer program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, C. C.

    1981-01-01

    A guide for DTIZE, a two dimensional digitizing program with graphical editing capability, is presented. DTIZE provides the capability to simultaneously create and display a picture on the display screen. Data descriptions may be permanently saved in three different formats. DTIZE creates the picture graphics in the locator mode, thus inputting one coordinate each time the terminator button is pushed. Graphic input devices (GIN) are also used to select function command menu. These menu commands and the program's interactive prompting sequences provide a complete capability for creating, editing, and permanently recording a graphical picture file. DTIZE is written in FORTRAN IV language for the Tektronix 4081 graphic system utilizing the Plot 80 Distributed Graphics Library (DGL) subroutines. The Tektronix 4953/3954 Graphic Tablet with mouse, pen, or joystick are used as graphics input devices to create picture graphics.

  1. Cosmic relics from the big bang

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, L.J.

    1988-12-01

    A brief introduction to the big bang picture of the early universe is given. Dark matter is discussed; particularly its implications for elementary particle physics. A classification scheme for dark matter relics is given. 21 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  2. The Oxford Picture Dictionary. Beginning Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Marjorie

    The beginning workbook of the Oxford Picture Dictionary is in full color and offers vocabulary reinforcement activities that correspond page for page with the dictionary. Clear and simple instructions with examples make it suitable for independent use in the classroom or at home. The workbook has up-to-date art and graphics, explaining over 3700…

  3. Geology’s “Super Graphics” and the Public: Missed Opportunities for Geoscience Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clary, R. M.; Wandersee, J. H.

    2009-12-01

    The geosciences are very visual, as demonstrated by the illustration density of maps, graphs, photographs, and diagrams in introductory textbooks. As geoscience students progress, they are further exposed to advanced graphics, such as phase diagrams and subsurface seismic data visualizations. Photographs provide information from distant sites, while multivariate graphics supply a wealth of data for viewers to access. When used effectively, geology graphics have exceptional educational potential. However, geological graphic data are often presented in specialized formats, and are not easily interpreted by an uninformed viewer. In the Howe-Russell Geoscience Complex at Louisiana State University, there is a very large graphic (~ 30 ft x 6 ft) exhibited in a side hall, immediately off the main entrance hall. The graphic, divided into two obvious parts, displays in its lower section seismic data procured in the Gulf of Mexico, from near offshore Louisiana to the end of the continental shelf. The upper section of the graphic reveals drilling block information along the seismic line. Using Tufte’s model of graphic excellence and Paivio’s dual-coding theory, we analyzed the graphic in terms of data density, complexity, legibility, format, and multivariate presentation. We also observed viewers at the site on 5 occasions, and recorded their interactions with the graphic. This graphic can best be described as a Tufte “super graphic.” Its data are high in density and multivariate in nature. Various data sources are combined in a large format to provide a powerful example of a multitude of information within a convenient and condensed presentation. However, our analysis revealed that the graphic misses an opportunity to educate the non-geologist. The information and seismic “language” of the graphic is specific to the geology community, and the information is not interpreted for the lay viewer. The absence of title, descriptions, and symbol keys are detrimental. Terms are not defined. The absence of color keys and annotations is more likely to lead to an appreciation of graphic beauty, without concomitant scientific understanding. We further concluded that in its current location, constraints of space and reflective lighting prohibit the viewer from simultaneously accessing all subsurface data in a “big picture” view. The viewer is not able to fully comprehend the macro/micro aspects of the graphic design within the limited viewing space. The graphic is an example of geoscience education possibility, a possibility that is currently undermined and unrealized by lack of interpretation. Our analysis subsequently informed the development of a model to maximize the graphic’s educational potential, which can be applied to similar geological super graphics for enhanced public scientific understanding. Our model includes interactive displays that apply the auditory-visual dual coding approach to learning. Notations and aural explanations for geological features should increase viewer understanding, and produce an effective informal educational display.

  4. Untapped Potential: Fulfilling the Promise of Big Brothers Big Sisters and the Bigs and Littles They Represent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridgeland, John M.; Moore, Laura A.

    2010-01-01

    American children represent a great untapped potential in our country. For many young people, choices are limited and the goal of a productive adulthood is a remote one. This report paints a picture of who these children are, shares their insights and reflections about the barriers they face, and offers ways forward for Big Brothers Big Sisters as…

  5. Classic Classroom Activities: The Oxford Picture Dictionary Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Renee; Adelson-Goldstein, Jayme; Shapiro, Norma

    This teacher resource book offers over 100 reproducible communicative practice activities and 768 picture cards based on the vocabulary of the Oxford Picture Dictionary. Teacher's notes and instructions, including adaptations for multilevel classes, are provided. The activities book has up-to-date art and graphics, explaining over 3700 words. The…

  6. A Picture Age: Reproductions in Picture Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stankiewicz, Mary Ann

    1985-01-01

    The curriculum movement known as picture study was, in part, the result of the late nineteenth-century development of printing processes capable of reproducing works of art. This description of the reproductions used in picture study illustrates how popularist attitudes toward art and technological changes set the context for this art movement.…

  7. Not Just Pretty Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norman, Rebecca R.; Roberts, Kathryn L.

    2013-01-01

    Informational texts are filled with graphics that support and extend the written text. These graphics may provide an alternate way to access important information, and sometimes they are the only entry point to that information. However, just being able to see the graphics does not ensure that readers are paying attention to, let alone…

  8. Picture-hanging puzzles

    E-print Network

    Demaine, Erik D.

    2012-01-01

    We show how to hang a picture by wrapping rope around n nails, making a polynomial number of twists, such that the picture falls whenever any k out of the n nails get removed, and the picture remains hanging when fewer ...

  9. NISTIR 7030 Picture Password

    E-print Network

    NISTIR 7030 Picture Password: AVisualLoginTechniquefor MobileDevices WayneJansen SerbanGavrila VladKorolev RickAyers RyanSwanstrom #12;NISTIR 7030 Picture Password: A Visual Login Technique for Mobile Devices..................................................................................................................................... 14 ii #12;Picture Password: A Visual Login Technique for Mobile Devices Abstract: Adequate user

  10. Show, Don't Tell: Graphic Novels in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Stephen

    2004-01-01

    The students can explore an entirely fascinating new world through graphic novels introduced into the classrooms. The graphic novels include genre fiction like superhero and horror stories that combine words and pictures, which are appealing to the students. Several titles with connections to traditional English literature are recommended.

  11. Design Graphics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    A mathematician, David R. Hedgley, Jr. developed a computer program that considers whether a line in a graphic model of a three-dimensional object should or should not be visible. Known as the Hidden Line Computer Code, the program automatically removes superfluous lines and displays an object from a specific viewpoint, just as the human eye would see it. An example of how one company uses the program is the experience of Birdair which specializes in production of fabric skylights and stadium covers. The fabric called SHEERFILL is a Teflon coated fiberglass material developed in cooperation with DuPont Company. SHEERFILL glazed structures are either tension structures or air-supported tension structures. Both are formed by patterned fabric sheets supported by a steel or aluminum frame or cable network. Birdair uses the Hidden Line Computer Code, to illustrate a prospective structure to an architect or owner. The program generates a three- dimensional perspective with the hidden lines removed. This program is still used by Birdair and continues to be commercially available to the public.

  12. NCI Visuals Online: My Pictures

    Cancer.gov

    Skip Navigation NCI Visuals Online Home About My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search My Pictures My Pictures is a place to temporarily store images during your current Visuals Online session. My Pictures currently has no images. Home | About/Contact

  13. Picturing wavepacket reduction

    E-print Network

    Arthur Jabs

    2015-03-18

    A coherent picture of the wavepacket-reduction process is proposed which is formulated in the framework of a deterministic and realist interpretation where the concepts of knowledge or information and of point particles do not appear. It is shown how the picture accounts for the experiments on interaction-free and delayed-choice measurements and those on interference with partial absorption.

  14. Picturing objects in infancy.

    PubMed

    Shinskey, Jeanne L; Jachens, Liza J

    2014-01-01

    Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the other tested object representation by hiding both objects. On visible trials, infants reached more for the distractor, indicating they recognized the target object from its picture. On hidden trials, infants reached more for the target object, suggesting they formed a continued representation of the object based on its picture. Photograph color had no effect. Infants thus show picture-to-object transfer by 9 months with preferential reaching, even with black-and-white pictures. PMID:24779447

  15. Big bluestem

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) is a warm season grass native to North America, accounting for 40% of the herbaceous biomass of the tall grass prairie, and a candidate for bioenergy feedstock production. The goal of this study was to measure among and within population genetic variation of natura...

  16. Big Dreams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Michael T.

    2015-01-01

    The Keen Johnson Building is symbolic of Eastern Kentucky University's historic role as a School of Opportunity. It is a place that has inspired generations of students, many from disadvantaged backgrounds, to dream big dreams. The construction of the Keen Johnson Building was inspired by a desire to create a student union facility that would not…

  17. Vision and Motion Pictures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grambo, Gregory

    1998-01-01

    Presents activities on persistence of vision that involve students in a hands-on approach to the study of early methods of creating motion pictures. Students construct flip books, a Zoetrope, and an early movie machine. (DDR)

  18. A Web Graphics Primer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Larry

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the basic technical concepts of using graphics in World Wide Web pages, including: color depth and dithering, dots-per-inch, image size, file types, Graphics Interchange Formats (GIFs), Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), format, and software recommendations. (AEF)

  19. Neil 65 Group Picture Neil 65 Group Picture

    E-print Network

    Mohar, Bojan

    Neil 65 Group Picture Neil 65 Group Picture December 14, 2003 Row 1: Tom Dowling, Nolan Mc Glover, Mike Lohman, Sangil Oum, Blair Dowling http://www.math.ohio-state.edu/~maharry/Neil65/pictures/Neil65GroupPicture.html25.9.2004 18:19:04 #12;

  20. Vision Multi-picture Challenge A Multi-picture

    E-print Network

    Sloman, Aaron

    Vision Multi-picture Challenge A Multi-picture Challenge for Theories of Vision Aaron Sloman School.g. turning a corner in a large and unfamiliar town. The pictures that follow present a sequence of unrelated scenes. Try to view the pictures at a rate of one per second or less: i.e. keep your finger on the "next

  1. The Big Picture of Advocacy: Counselor, Heal Society and Thyself

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roysircar, Gargi

    2009-01-01

    This article, motivational in purpose, encourages counselors to be engaged in the growing movement for social justice advocacy in counseling. Analyses of a macrolevel framework of advocacy extend to microlevel operations of recruitment, sociopolitical education, diversity management, and self-care of counselor-advocates. Case studies and exemplars…

  2. Losing the Big Picture: How Religion May Control Visual Attention

    PubMed Central

    Colzato, Lorenza S.; van den Wildenberg, Wery P. M.; Hommel, Bernhard

    2008-01-01

    Despite the abundance of evidence that human perception is penetrated by beliefs and expectations, scientific research so far has entirely neglected the possible impact of religious background on attention. Here we show that Dutch Calvinists and atheists, brought up in the same country and culture and controlled for race, intelligence, sex, and age, differ with respect to the way they attend to and process the global and local features of complex visual stimuli: Calvinists attend less to global aspects of perceived events, which fits with the idea that people's attentional processing style reflects possible biases rewarded by their religious belief system. PMID:19002253

  3. R&M companies piece together the big picture

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez, R.G.; Ryan, J.

    1996-09-01

    Tight profit margins have downstream companies picking up the pieces merely to survive. The strategic combinations that companies are finding for those pieces will determine success in the fairly depressed market.

  4. Vessel traffic services - New York harbor big picture'

    SciTech Connect

    Schneeweis, W.G.

    1993-03-01

    Support for vessel traffic services (VTS) in US ports increased dramatically in the wake of the Exxon Valdez oil tanker accident. It is estimated that 90% of all marine accidents are caused by human failure and most of these occur in harbors or their approaches from sea. The first US Coast Guard VTS established in the post-Valdez era, VTS New York, now enjoys broad based support from its users and local congressional sponsors.It is the most technologically advanced system in North America, with additional upgrades planned. Prior to the Valdez accident, New York VTS struggled through disagreements with contractors, legal disputes with local residents fearing electromagnetic radiation, and lackluster user support. When recommissioned in 1990, remote equipment included 3 radars bundled together into a network, 2 communication sites, and 9 CCTV cameras at 4 sites located strategically throughout the port to provide nearly complete surveillance. Recent expansion into the seaward approaches to New York effectively doubled the VTS area of operation.

  5. Managing the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, The Big Picture

    SciTech Connect

    Brett W Carlsen

    2010-07-01

    The nuclear industry, at least in the United States, has failed to deliver on its promise of cheap, abundant energy. After pioneering the science and application and becoming a primary exporter of nuclear technologies, domestic use of nuclear power fell out-of-favor with the public and has been relatively stagnant for several decades. Recently, renewed interest has generated optimism and talk of a nuclear renaissance characterized by a new generation of safe, clean nuclear plants in this country. But, as illustrated by recent policy shifts regarding closure of the fuel cycle and geologic disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, significant hurdles have yet to be overcome. Using the principles of system dynamics, this paper will take a holistic look at the nuclear industry and the interactions between the key players to explore both the intended and unintended consequences of efforts to address the issues that have impeded the growth of the industry and also to illustrate aspects which must be effectively addressed if the renaissance of our industry is to be achieved and sustained.

  6. Childhood obesity: are we missing the big picture?

    PubMed

    Maziak, W; Ward, K D; Stockton, M B

    2008-01-01

    Childhood obesity is increasing worldwide, raising alarm about future trends of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. This article discusses what may underlie our failure to respond effectively to the obesity epidemic, and presents a wider perspective for future research and public health agendas. So far targeting individual-level determinants and clinical aspects of childhood obesity has produced limited success. There is growing interest in understanding the wider determinants of obesity such as the built environment (e.g. walkability), social interactions, food marketing and prices, but much needs to be learned. Particularly, we need to identify distal modifiable factors with multiple potential that would make them attractive for people and policymakers alike. For example, walking-biking-friendly cities can reduce obesity as well as energy consumption, air pollution and traffic delays. Such agenda needs to be driven by strong evidence from research involving multi-level influences on behaviour, as well as the study of wider politico-economic trends affecting people's choices. This article highlights available evidence and arguments for research and policy needed to curb the obesity epidemic. The upstream approach underlying these arguments aims to make healthy choices not only the most rational, but also the most feasible and affordable. PMID:18154601

  7. The Big Picture 1 From The Dean 2

    E-print Network

    Our of a Consumers Pow- er facility was given. This view is of one of the power plants across from an educational month. This i~ organized by USDA's Cooperative State Research Service. These reviews are held with the paint used on the trees. Todd and Brenda J worked for the USDA Forest Service in Raco, Michigan. Top

  8. Getting the Big Picture: Development of Spatial Scaling Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Andrea; Newcombe, Nora S.

    2012-01-01

    Spatial scaling is an integral aspect of many spatial tasks that involve symbol-to-referent correspondences (e.g., map reading, drawing). In this study, we asked 3-6-year-olds and adults to locate objects in a two-dimensional spatial layout using information from a second spatial representation (map). We examined how scaling factor and reference…

  9. Big Picture Welcome Week Candle-lighting Ceremony

    E-print Network

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    ,930 to explore the manner in which new data-capture techniques can help advance research in such areas and Security Studies (ILS). His interests include natural language processing, and information processing in response to oceanic processes on a variety of time scales, Rose and his research team will study ocean heat

  10. Mapping the Big Picture. Integrating Curriculum & Assessment K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Heidi Hayes

    Although teachers may work in the same building for years, they usually have slight knowledge about what goes on in each other's classrooms. In a similar way, there is little knowledge at one school level about what happens at other levels. This book presents a way for teachers to make maps as a way to communicate about curriculum development.…

  11. Display Technology: Picture This!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2006-01-01

    Among the old-school resources that the digital age is making obsolete, or at least less consequential, count the chalkboard. For decades, the chalkboard was the focal point of all instruction, the big screen on which teachers wrote out and directed lesson after lesson after lesson. Today, while chalkboards still exist, they are losing their…

  12. Pictures in the Sky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brako, Elisa; Fout, James; Peltz, William H.

    2005-01-01

    The authors teach an astronomy unit in their seventh-grade course that they find never fails to motivate and stretch the imagination. The questions students ask are wonder-full: "What was here before the universe?" "If there was nothing before the Big Bang, where did energy and matter come from?" "Does the universe have a boundary, and if it does,…

  13. Big Bang, Big Data, Big Computers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conference website: http://www.apc.univ-paris7.fr/APC/Conferences/Workshop_Big3/Home.html Observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation have transformed modern cosmology propelling it into high-precision, data-driven science it is today. CMB data analysis has been a cornerstone of this transformation and it continues in this role preparing currently to meet its possibly ultimate challenge as posed by ever-growing in size and complexity forthcoming data sets required by new science goals posed for the field. These include providing key pieces of information about the very early Universe: Gaussianity of the initial conditions, the presence of the primordial gravity waves, as well as constraints on the large-scale structure formation and possibly properties of dark energy. The sophistication of the involved data models is matched by precision levels, which have to be attained to deliver robust detections and result in firm conclusions. The overall challenge is indeed breathtaking and, without a doubt, the success will be only possible if the data analysis effort becomes truly interdisciplinary and capitalizes on the latest advances in statistics, applied mathematics, and computer science - all of which constitute veritable foundations of the contemporary data analysis work.

  14. Iconographic dental typography. A dental character font for computer graphics.

    PubMed

    McCormack, J

    1991-06-01

    The recent massive increase in available memory for microcomputers now allows multiple font faces to be stored in computer RAM memory for instant access to the screen and for printed output. Fonts can be constructed in which the characters are not just letters or numbers, but are miniature graphic icons--in this instance pictures of teeth. When printed on an appropriate laser printer, this produces printed graphics of publishing quality. PMID:2059532

  15. Correspondence: Words and Pictures

    E-print Network

    Forsyth, David

    ) Detection · What pictures contain a giraffe? · Experimental protocol · apply detector to images known the giraffe has been put in the right place · but they may be meaningless or unreliable · in many test sets high · datasets seldom baselined Localization · Where should I shoot to hit the giraffe? · Experimental

  16. Picture Books for Teens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Kat

    2002-01-01

    Discusses picture books that are suitable for teens, particularly middle school readers, and provides detailed reviews for five titles that have appealing story themes and illustrations including: Tony Millionaires' Sock Monkey: A Children's Book; Mick Foley's Christmas Chaos; Mick Foley's Halloween Hijinx; The Book of Jack; and Moby Dick. (LRW)

  17. Picturing Objects in Infancy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shinskey, Jeanne L.; Jachens, Liza J.

    2014-01-01

    Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the…

  18. IMAT graphics manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stockwell, Alan E.; Cooper, Paul A.

    1991-01-01

    The Integrated Multidisciplinary Analysis Tool (IMAT) consists of a menu driven executive system coupled with a relational database which links commercial structures, structural dynamics and control codes. The IMAT graphics system, a key element of the software, provides a common interface for storing, retrieving, and displaying graphical information. The IMAT Graphics Manual shows users of commercial analysis codes (MATRIXx, MSC/NASTRAN and I-DEAS) how to use the IMAT graphics system to obtain high quality graphical output using familiar plotting procedures. The manual explains the key features of the IMAT graphics system, illustrates their use with simple step-by-step examples, and provides a reference for users who wish to take advantage of the flexibility of the software to customize their own applications.

  19. 25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows the paper after it has been coated and dried, as shown on page 238, and it being rolled at the end of the coating-machine. It is now ready to be sent to the big presses which calender it (or iron it, as popular pariance would have it). The pictures on pages 238 and 239 show a continuous process over a single machine; but on account of the length of teh machine, the process is illustrated in sections. (p.239.) - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

  20. BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest

    E-print Network

    Kaminsky, Alan

    BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest Computational Problems with Parallel Computing Alan Kaminsky #12;#12;BIG CPU, BIG DATABIG CPU, BIG DATA Solving the World's Toughest College of Computing and Information Sciences Rochester Institute of Technology #12;ii BIG CPU, BIG DATA

  1. Knowledge-based graphical interfaces for presenting technical information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feiner, Steven

    1988-01-01

    Designing effective presentations of technical information is extremely difficult and time-consuming. Moreover, the combination of increasing task complexity and declining job skills makes the need for high-quality technical presentations especially urgent. We believe that this need can ultimately be met through the development of knowledge-based graphical interfaces that can design and present technical information. Since much material is most naturally communicated through pictures, our work has stressed the importance of well-designed graphics, concentrating on generating pictures and laying out displays containing them. We describe APEX, a testbed picture generation system that creates sequences of pictures that depict the performance of simple actions in a world of 3D objects. Our system supports rules for determining automatically the objects to be shown in a picture, the style and level of detail with which they should be rendered, the method by which the action itself should be indicated, and the picture's camera specification. We then describe work on GRIDS, an experimental display layout system that addresses some of the problems in designing displays containing these pictures, determining the position and size of the material to be presented.

  2. Picture this...you are on a tour of wetlands. Let's make it a southeastern wetland tour, since the ecology lab where I work and conduct my research

    E-print Network

    Georgia, University of

    Picture this...you are on a tour of wetlands. Let's make it a southeastern wetland tour, since You say it's a wetland? #12;It helps to look at the big picture. It is easy to envision a landscape that has lakes, farm ponds, and marshes--permanent waters. Similarly, most of us can picture short

  3. Communicating with Pictures and Precision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royce, Christine Anne

    2009-01-01

    From the earliest civilizations, humans have used drawings and pictures as a form of communication and to convey information--whether it was the seasons or location of good hunting grounds. In this month's column, simple alphabet picture books show students how pictures can be used to communicate information about a topic. In the first activity,…

  4. Interference in Joint Picture Naming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambi, Chiara; Van de Cavey, Joris; Pickering, Martin J.

    2015-01-01

    In 4 experiments we showed that picture naming latencies are affected by beliefs about the task concurrently performed by another speaker. Participants took longer to name pictures when they believed that their partner concurrently named pictures than when they believed their partner was silent (Experiments 1 and 4) or concurrently categorized the…

  5. Introduction Big Radio Data

    E-print Network

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Big Radio Data Ue-Li Pen CITA, UofT, CIFAR July 3, 2014U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Overview History VLBI Processing Future U. Pen Big signal processing U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary VLBI Current experiments

  6. Graphical Data Presentation, with Emphasis on Genetic Data

    E-print Network

    Yandell, Brian S.

    to gravitate to spurious patterns and miss the main story. Such visual confusion can bias our perception material creatively into pictures that show relationships objectively? Graphics can even include cues TO ORGANIZE, NOT GRAPH, DATA Spreadsheets tend to have pull-down menus with confusing palettes presenting

  7. Graphics mini manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, Nancy L.; Randall, Donald P.; Bowen, John T.; Johnson, Mary M.; Roland, Vincent R.; Matthews, Christine G.; Gates, Raymond L.; Skeens, Kristi M.; Nolf, Scott R.; Hammond, Dana P.

    1990-01-01

    The computer graphics capabilities available at the Center are introduced and their use is explained. More specifically, the manual identifies and describes the various graphics software and hardware components, details the interfaces between these components, and provides information concerning the use of these components at LaRC.

  8. Eng. Graphics Award 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    , Graham, Stock & Bisanz, 2009; Fang & Wei, 2010; Donovan & Smolkin, 2003). This can be attributed to the limitations and drawbacks of textbooks including their ineffective use of graphics and visual representations (Slough, McTigue, Kim & Jennings, 2010... .......................................................................... 25 Informational Interactive Read-Alouds .......................................... 28 Graphic Organizers ........................................................................ 29 Concept Mapping...

  9. Pictures in Pictures: Art History and Art Museums in Children's Picture Books

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yohlin, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Children's picture books that recreate, parody, or fictionalize famous artworks and introduce the art museum experience, a genre to which I will refer as "children's art books," have become increasingly popular over the past decade. This essay explores the pedagogical implications of this trend through the family program "Picture Books and Picture

  10. Genesis of the big bang

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpher, Ralph A.; Herman, Robert

    The authors of this volume have been intimately connected with the conception of the big bang model since 1947. Following the late George Gamov's ideas in 1942 and more particularly in 1946 that the early universe was an appropriate site for the synthesis of the elements, they became deeply involved in the question of cosmic nucleosynthesis and particularly the synthesis of the light elements. In the course of this work they developed a general relativistic model of the expanding universe with physics folded in, which led in a progressive, logical sequence to our prediction of the existence of a present cosmic background radiation some seventeen years before the observation of such radiation was reported by Penzias and Wilson. In addition, they carried out with James W. Follin, Jr., a detailed study of the physics of what was then considered to be the very early universe, starting a few seconds after the big bang, which still provides a methodology for studies of light element nucleosynthesis. Because of their involvement, they bring a personal perspective to the subject. They present a picture of what is now believed to be the state of knowledge about the evolution of the expanding universe and delineate the story of the development of the big bang model as they have seen and lived it from their own unique vantage point.

  11. Five dimensional Gravity and Big Bang Singularity

    E-print Network

    Parthasarathy, R

    2015-01-01

    A 5-dimensional gravity theory, motivated by the brane world picture, with factorisable metric and with Kaluza scalar $G_{55}(r)$, is shown to give rise to a positive contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation. This inhibits the focusing of geodesics and possibly cause non-focusing of the geodesics. This feature is translated into the situation in which the universe has an infinite age and hence no beginning avoiding the big bang singularity.

  12. Five dimensional Gravity and Big Bang Singularity

    E-print Network

    R. Parthasarathy

    2015-07-07

    A 5-dimensional gravity theory, motivated by the brane world picture, with factorisable metric and with Kaluza scalar $G_{55}(r)$, is shown to give rise to a positive contribution to the Raychaudhuri equation. This inhibits the focusing of geodesics and possibly cause non-focusing of the geodesics. This feature is translated into the situation in which the universe has an infinite age and hence no beginning avoiding the big bang singularity.

  13. A big picture look at big coal: Teaching students to link societal and environmental issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sojka, S. L.

    2014-12-01

    The environmental impact of coal mining and burning of coal is evident and generally easy to understand. However, students often struggle to understand the social impacts of coal mining. A jigsaw activity culminating in a mock town hall meeting helps students link social, economic and environmental impacts of coal mining. Students are divided into four groups and assigned the task of researching the environmental, social, economic or health impacts of coal mining in West Virginia. When students have completed the research, they are assigned a role for the town hall. Roles include local community members, direct employees of the coal industry, business owners from industries related to coal mining, and environmentalists. One student from each research area is assigned to each role, forcing students to consider environmental, social, health and economic aspects of coal mining in choosing an appropriate position for their role. Students have 30 minutes to prepare their positions and then present for 2-5 minutes in the simulated town hall. We then have open class discussion and review the positions. Finally, students are required to write a letter to the editor of the local paper. The specific topic for the town hall and letters can be varied based on current events and could include new regulations on power plants, mine safety, government funding of alternative energy supplies or a range of other topics. This approach forces students to consider all aspects of the issue. In addition, because students have to assume a role, they are more aware of the direct impact that coal mining has on individuals' lives.

  14. Robot graphic simulation testbed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cook, George E.; Sztipanovits, Janos; Biegl, Csaba; Karsai, Gabor; Springfield, James F.

    1991-01-01

    The objective of this research was twofold. First, the basic capabilities of ROBOSIM (graphical simulation system) were improved and extended by taking advantage of advanced graphic workstation technology and artificial intelligence programming techniques. Second, the scope of the graphic simulation testbed was extended to include general problems of Space Station automation. Hardware support for 3-D graphics and high processing performance make high resolution solid modeling, collision detection, and simulation of structural dynamics computationally feasible. The Space Station is a complex system with many interacting subsystems. Design and testing of automation concepts demand modeling of the affected processes, their interactions, and that of the proposed control systems. The automation testbed was designed to facilitate studies in Space Station automation concepts.

  15. Flowfield computer graphics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desautel, Richard

    1993-01-01

    The objectives of this research include supporting the Aerothermodynamics Branch's research by developing graphical visualization tools for both the branch's adaptive grid code and flow field ray tracing code. The completed research for the reporting period includes development of a graphical user interface (GUI) and its implementation into the NAS Flowfield Analysis Software Tool kit (FAST), for both the adaptive grid code (SAGE) and the flow field ray tracing code (CISS).

  16. Picture Invariance in Quantum Optics

    E-print Network

    W. -Y. Hwang

    2008-08-12

    We clarify the controversy over the coherent-state (CS) versus the number-state (NS) pictures in quantum optics. The NS picture is equivalent to the CS picture, as long as the phases $\\phi$ in the laser fields are randomly distributed, as M{\\o}lmer argues [\\pra {\\bf 55}, 3195 (1997)]. However, the claim by Rudolph and Sanders [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] has a few gaps. First, they make an assumption that is not necessarily true in the calculation of a density operator involved with a two-mode squeezed state. We show that there exists entanglement in the density operator without defying the assumption that phases are randomly distributed. Moreover, using a concept of picture-invariance, we argue that it is not that criteria for quantum teleportation are not satisfied. We discuss an analogy between the controversy on the CS versus NS pictures to that on the heliocentric versus geocentric pictures.

  17. Pathway Graphical Lasso

    PubMed Central

    Grechkin, Maxim; Fazel, Maryam; Witten, Daniela; Lee, Su-In

    2014-01-01

    Graphical models provide a rich framework for summarizing the dependencies among variables. The graphical lasso approach attempts to learn the structure of a Gaussian graphical model (GGM) by maximizing the log likelihood of the data, subject to an l1 penalty on the elements of the inverse co-variance matrix. Most algorithms for solving the graphical lasso problem do not scale to a very large number of variables. Furthermore, the learned network structure is hard to interpret. To overcome these challenges, we propose a novel GGM structure learning method that exploits the fact that for many real-world problems we have prior knowledge that certain edges are unlikely to be present. For example, in gene regulatory networks, a pair of genes that does not participate together in any of the cellular processes, typically referred to as pathways, is less likely to be connected. In computer vision applications in which each variable corresponds to a pixel, each variable is likely to be connected to the nearby variables. In this paper, we propose the pathway graphical lasso, which learns the structure of a GGM subject to pathway-based constraints. In order to solve this problem, we decompose the network into smaller parts, and use a message-passing algorithm in order to communicate among the subnetworks. Our algorithm has orders of magnitude improvement in run time compared to the state-of-the-art optimization methods for the graphical lasso problem that were modified to handle pathway-based constraints. PMID:26167394

  18. PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT

    EPA Science Inventory

    SAS PICTURE format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a PICTURE format one can create a series of templates for displa...

  19. PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT

    EPA Science Inventory

    SAS picture format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a picture format one can create a series of templates for displ...

  20. Tractable Big Data and Big Models in Machine Learning

    E-print Network

    Marlin, Benjamin

    Tractable Big Data and Big Models in Machine Learning Mark Schmidt University of British Columbia TAAI 2014 November 2014 #12;Context: Big Data and Big Models We are collecting data at unprecedented (and beyond). #12;Context: Big Data and Big Models We are collecting data at unprecedented rates. Seen

  1. Publication-quality computer graphics

    SciTech Connect

    Slabbekorn, M.H.; Johnston, R.B. Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A user-friendly graphic software package is being used at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to produce publication-quality computer graphics. Close interaction between the graphic designer and computer programmer have helped to create a highly flexible computer graphics system. The programmer-oriented environment of computer graphics has been modified to allow the graphic designer freedom to exercise his expertise with lines, form, typography, and color. The resultant product rivals or surpasses that work previously done by hand. This presentation of computer-generated graphs, charts, diagrams, and line drawings clearly demonstrates the latitude and versatility of the software when directed by a graphic designer.

  2. Five Big Ideas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Debbie

    2012-01-01

    Designing quality continuing professional development (CPD) for those teaching mathematics in primary schools is a challenge. If the CPD is to be built on the scaffold of five big ideas in mathematics, what might be these five big ideas? Might it just be a case of, if you tell me your five big ideas, then I'll tell you mine? Here, there is…

  3. How a Picture Book Happens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonners, Susan

    1994-01-01

    The author and illustrator of a picture book about the life cycle of the lynx describes the research and development process she used to create the book. Contacts with wildlife biologists, presenting the predator/prey relationship, creating pictures and text, drawing from life, and creating the book jacket are among the topics covered. (KRN)

  4. Big Crunch/big Bang String Cosmologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craps, Ben; Ovrut, Burt

    2004-01-01

    We study Big Crunch/Big Bang cosmologies that correspond to exact worldsheet superconformal field theories of type II strings. Generically, the Big Crunch fluctuation spectrum is altered when passing through the bounce singularity. The change in the spectrum is characterized by a function which is momentum and time-dependent. We compute this function explicitly and show that it indicates "entanglement entropy" with spacelike separated regions in the geometry. We demonstrate that in the Milne vacuum limit the fluctuation spectrum is unaltered as it passes through the singularity.

  5. Day One: The small things that make a big difference

    E-print Network

    Koolen, Marijn

    ILLC Day One: The small things that make a big difference Dick de Jong and Jan van Eijk enjoy Georgian produce on the journey from Tblisi to Batumi. Day Two: The Dutch connection Dick de Jong, Henk: A picture worth a thousand words Dick de Jong, Henk Zeevat and Rusudan Asatiani dance the night away. Day

  6. Cancer and the Comics: Graphic Narratives and Biolegitimate Lives Medical Anthropology Quarterly.

    PubMed

    McMullin, Juliet

    2014-11-18

    Cancer graphic narratives, I argue, are part of a medical imaginary that includes representations of difference and biomedical technology that engage Fassin's (2009) concept of biolegitimacy. Framed in three parts, the argument first draws on discourses about cancer graphic narratives from graphic medicine scholars and authors to demonstrate a construction of universal suffering. Second, I examine tropes of hope and difference as a biotechnical embrace. Finally, I consider biosociality within the context of this imaginary and the construction of a meaningful life. Autobiographical graphic narrative as a creative genre that seeks to give voice to individual illness experiences in the context of biomedicine raises anthropological questions about the interplay between the ordinary and biolegitmate. Cancer graphic narratives deconstruct the big events to demonstrate the ordinary ways that a life constructed as different becomes valued through access to medical technologies. [graphic narratives, cancer, health inequalities, biolegitimacy, medical imaginary] This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:25408557

  7. Bringing together pictures and words

    SciTech Connect

    Douglas, W.

    1995-01-01

    Geographic Information Systems can open up a new dimension to integrate computer graphics and data. During the past 10 years, Geographic Information System (GIS) technology has undergone a significant evolution in capabilities. It has been used for a wide variety of spatial analysis and information management problems. Now it can serve as the glue for binding together disparate organizational information within a common framework. Graphical computer technologies which are related to GIS are discussed.

  8. Graphically Enhanced Science Notebooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minogue, James; Wiebe, Eric; Madden, Lauren; Bedward, John; Carter, Mike

    2010-01-01

    A common mode of communication in the elementary classroom is the science notebook. In this article, the authors outline the ways in which "graphically enhanced science notebooks" can help engage students in complete and robust inquiry. Central to this approach is deliberate attention to the efficient and effective use of student-generated…

  9. Computing Graphical Confidence Bounds

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mezzacappa, M. A.

    1983-01-01

    Approximation for graphical confidence bounds is simple enough to run on programmable calculator. Approximation is used in lieu of numerical tables not always available, and exact calculations, which often require rather sizable computer resources. Approximation verified for collection of up to 50 data points. Method used to analyze tile-strength data on Space Shuttle thermal-protection system.

  10. Comics & Graphic Novels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleaver, Samantha

    2008-01-01

    Not so many years ago, comic books in school were considered the enemy. Students caught sneaking comics between the pages of bulky--and less engaging--textbooks were likely sent to the principal. Today, however, comics, including classics such as "Superman" but also their generally more complex, nuanced cousins, graphic novels, are not only…

  11. Raster graphics display library

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grimsrud, Anders; Stephenson, Michael B.

    1987-01-01

    The Raster Graphics Display Library (RGDL) is a high level subroutine package that give the advanced raster graphics display capabilities needed. The RGDL uses FORTRAN source code routines to build subroutines modular enough to use as stand-alone routines in a black box type of environment. Six examples are presented which will teach the use of RGDL in the fastest, most complete way possible. Routines within the display library that are used to produce raster graphics are presented in alphabetical order, each on a separate page. Each user-callable routine is described by function and calling parameters. All common blocks that are used in the display library are listed and the use of each variable within each common block is discussed. A reference on the include files that are necessary to compile the display library is contained. Each include file and its purpose are listed. The link map for MOVIE.BYU version 6, a general purpose computer graphics display system that uses RGDL software, is also contained.

  12. Printer Graphics Package

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanchard, D. C.

    1986-01-01

    Printer Graphics Package (PGP) is tool for making two-dimensional symbolic plots on line printer. PGP created to support development of Heads-Up Display (HUD) simulation. Standard symbols defined with HUD in mind. Available symbols include circle, triangle, quadrangle, window, line, numbers, and text. Additional symbols easily added or built up from available symbols.

  13. Graphic Novels: A Roundup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Katherine L.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews graphic novels for young adults, including five titles from "The Adventures of Tintin," a French series that often uses ethnic and racial stereotypes which reflect the time in which they were published, and "Wolverine," a Marvel comic character adventure. (Contains six references.) (LRW)

  14. Scripting graphics with graphics : icons as a visual editing tool

    E-print Network

    Shamonsky, Dorothy J

    1984-01-01

    This thesis describes a system for scripting and editing graphic procedures with graphic representations or "icons." The icons are small bitmap images that carry with them information about spatial placement, list placement, ...

  15. Bottle, tulip and wineglass: semantic and structural picture processing by savant artists.

    PubMed

    Pring, L; Hermelin, B

    1993-11-01

    Semantic and structural aspects of picture processing were investigated with graphically gifted mentally handicapped subjects and intellectually normal children. The results suggest that savants as well as controls rely primarily on semantically organised memory schemata when reproducing pictures. A semantically determined strategy also determines picture sorting. The findings indicate that within the domain of expertise there appears to be no difference between savants and normals regarding the nature of the mental structures underlying specific talents. The mental structures on which such talents are based, should therefore be regarded as being relatively independent of the level of general cognitive functioning. PMID:8294524

  16. CryptoGraphics: Secret Key Cryptography Using Graphics Cards

    E-print Network

    Keromytis, Angelos D.

    and streaming video, in scenarios in which it is desired to limit exposure of the plaintext to within the GPU and considerable demand (primarily from the gaming community) for high-performance graphics, such GPUs pack moreCryptoGraphics: Secret Key Cryptography Using Graphics Cards Debra L. Cook1 , John Ioannidis1

  17. Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for Analyzing Scientific Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleveland, William S.; McGill, Robert

    1985-01-01

    Graphical perception is the visual decoding of the quantitative and qualitative information encoded on graphs. Some recent theoretical/experimental investigations of graphical perception are described, identifying certain elementary graphical-perception tasks that are performed in the visual decoding of quantitative information from graphs.…

  18. A Stored Picture Hacking Facility

    E-print Network

    Markowitz, Sidney

    A short description of LISP functions that have been written for use with the stored picture facility. These functions allow one to display an image of a stored scene on the 340 scope, and produce graphs and histograms of ...

  19. Big Data Begets Big Database Theory University of Washington

    E-print Network

    Suciu, Dan

    research done on datalog in the 80s [1]. But Big Data analytics often require iteration, so it will playBig Data Begets Big Database Theory Dan Suciu University of Washington 1 Motivation Industry analysts describe Big Data in terms of three V's: volume, velocity, variety. The data is too big to process

  20. Graphic Design for Researchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regional Educational Laboratory, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Technology continues to radically change how we create and consume information. Today, news, reports, and other material are often delivered quickly through pictures, colors, or other eye-catching visual elements. Words still matter, but they may be tweeted, viewed on a smartphone, or placed in a call-out box in a report. The design of these items…

  1. Computer graphics and story telling

    E-print Network

    Griffith, Sarah

    1984-01-01

    The use of computer graphics designed for film and television is discussed from an aesthetic and systems point of view. Graphics are used for information clarification in news and documentary work, digital video effects ...

  2. Low Cost Graphics. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tinker, Robert F.

    This manual describes the CALM TV graphics interface, a low-cost means of producing quality graphics on an ordinary TV. The system permits the output of data in graphic as well as alphanumeric form and the input of data from the face of the TV using a light pen. The integrated circuits required in the interface can be obtained from standard…

  3. Graphic Novels and School Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudiger, Hollis Margaret; Schliesman, Megan

    2007-01-01

    School libraries serving children and teenagers today should be committed to collecting graphic novels to the extent that their budgets allow. However, the term "graphic novel" is enough to make some librarians--not to mention administrators and parents--pause. Graphic novels are simply book-length comics. They can be works of fiction or…

  4. Space Spurred Computer Graphics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    Dicomed Corporation was asked by NASA in the early 1970s to develop processing capabilities for recording images sent from Mars by Viking spacecraft. The company produced a film recorder which increased the intensity levels and the capability for color recording. This development led to a strong technology base resulting in sophisticated computer graphics equipment. Dicomed systems are used to record CAD (computer aided design) and CAM (computer aided manufacturing) equipment, to update maps and produce computer generated animation.

  5. Graphic Grown Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Ann

    2009-01-01

    It's no secret that children and YAs are clued in to graphic novels (GNs) and that comics-loving adults are positively giddy that this format is getting the recognition it deserves. Still, there is a whole swath of library card-carrying grown-up readers out there with no idea where to start. Splashy movies such as "300" and "Spider-Man" and their…

  6. A Picture Is Not Always Worth a Thousand Words: Pictures as Distractors in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willows, Dale M.

    1978-01-01

    Children read sets of words under three conditions: with no pictures, with related pictures, and with unrelated pictures. Results indicated that words were read more slowly whenever pictures were present; that unrelated pictures produced more interference than related pictures; and that both effects were inversely related to reading ability.…

  7. Module name: Interactive computer graphics Abbreviation: ICG

    E-print Network

    Ahlers, Volker - Fakultät IV

    , design and realization skills: Design and realization of interactive graphics applications with current graphics software; ability to develop shader programs Technological skills: Understanding of the function of current graphics hardware Methodological skills: Ability to evaluate and compare a computer's graphics

  8. Dual of big bang and big crunch

    SciTech Connect

    Bak, Dongsu

    2007-01-15

    Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by the procedure of double analytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are nonsingular as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

  9. Big Ideas in Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Kathleen

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author shares how she was able to discover some big ideas about art education. She relates how she found great ideas to improve her teaching from the book "Rethinking Curriculum in Art." She also shares how she designed a "Big Idea" unit in her class.

  10. caBIG®

    Cancer.gov

    The caBIG program has been retired, and while this website is being maintained temporarily to prevent broken links and provide access to information on the subset of caBIG projects that were transitioned into the new NCIP program, it will be archived in the near future.

  11. Big Flippin' Wave Science

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    R/P FLIP Big Flippin' Wave Science Professor Dickey Science Lecture Thursday April 17 9 am? Research Platform FLIP #12;Moby Dick Restaurant on SB Pier Mar. 1, 2014 #12;R/P FLIP What causes waves bore, called the Proroca (big roar), on the Amazon River in Brazil. #12;Conceptual model of wave

  12. Implementing Big History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welter, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Contends that world history should be taught as "Big History," a view that includes all space and time beginning with the Big Bang. Discusses five "Cardinal Questions" that serve as a course structure and address the following concepts: perspectives, diversity, change and continuity, interdependence, and causes. (CMK)

  13. Big Data Privacy Scenarios

    E-print Network

    Bruce, Elizabeth

    2015-10-01

    This paper is the first in a series on privacy in Big Data. As an outgrowth of a series of workshops on the topic, the Big Data Privacy Working Group undertook a study of a series of use scenarios to highlight the challenges ...

  14. Big data for health.

    PubMed

    Andreu-Perez, Javier; Poon, Carmen C Y; Merrifield, Robert D; Wong, Stephen T C; Yang, Guang-Zhong

    2015-07-01

    This paper provides an overview of recent developments in big data in the context of biomedical and health informatics. It outlines the key characteristics of big data and how medical and health informatics, translational bioinformatics, sensor informatics, and imaging informatics will benefit from an integrated approach of piecing together different aspects of personalized information from a diverse range of data sources, both structured and unstructured, covering genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, as well as imaging, clinical diagnosis, and long-term continuous physiological sensing of an individual. It is expected that recent advances in big data will expand our knowledge for testing new hypotheses about disease management from diagnosis to prevention to personalized treatment. The rise of big data, however, also raises challenges in terms of privacy, security, data ownership, data stewardship, and governance. This paper discusses some of the existing activities and future opportunities related to big data for health, outlining some of the key underlying issues that need to be tackled. PMID:26173222

  15. The Picture Exchange Communication System: Digital Photographs versus Picture Symbols

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonaitis, Carmen

    2011-01-01

    The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is an augmentative and alternative system (AAC) used to improve and increase communication for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other developmental disorders. Research addressing the efficacy of this system is increasing; however, there is limited information published that evaluates…

  16. Big data, big knowledge: big data for personalized healthcare.

    PubMed

    Viceconti, Marco; Hunter, Peter; Hose, Rod

    2015-07-01

    The idea that the purely phenomenological knowledge that we can extract by analyzing large amounts of data can be useful in healthcare seems to contradict the desire of VPH researchers to build detailed mechanistic models for individual patients. But in practice no model is ever entirely phenomenological or entirely mechanistic. We propose in this position paper that big data analytics can be successfully combined with VPH technologies to produce robust and effective in silico medicine solutions. In order to do this, big data technologies must be further developed to cope with some specific requirements that emerge from this application. Such requirements are: working with sensitive data; analytics of complex and heterogeneous data spaces, including nontextual information; distributed data management under security and performance constraints; specialized analytics to integrate bioinformatics and systems biology information with clinical observations at tissue, organ and organisms scales; and specialized analytics to define the "physiological envelope" during the daily life of each patient. These domain-specific requirements suggest a need for targeted funding, in which big data technologies for in silico medicine becomes the research priority. PMID:26218867

  17. Children's Picture Interpretation: Appearance or Intention?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armitage, Emma; Allen, Melissa L.

    2015-01-01

    Pictures are defined by their creator's intentions and resemblance to their real world referents. Here we examine whether young children follow a realist route (e.g., focusing on how closely pictures resemble their referents) or intentional route (e.g., focusing on what a picture is intended to represent by its artist) when identifying a picture's…

  18. Multipliers Math 1920 Lagrange Multiplier Pictures

    E-print Network

    Back, Allen

    Math 1920 Lagrange Multiplier Pictures V1 Lagrange Multipliers Math 1920 Lagrange Multiplier Pictures Dr. Back Sep. 23, 2009 #12;Math 1920 Lagrange Multiplier Pictures V1 Lagrange Multipliers Please Multiplier Pictures V1 Lagrange Multipliers Maximize f (x, y) = yex . On the constraint set x2 + xy + 4y2 = 1

  19. Arousal-Enhanced Location Memory for Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mather, Mara; Nesmith, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    Four experiments revealed arousal-enhanced location memory for pictures. After an incidental encoding task, participants were more likely to remember the locations of positive and negative arousing pictures than the locations of non-arousing pictures, indicating better binding of location to picture. This arousal-enhanced binding effect did not…

  20. Graphical timeline editing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyer, Patrick E.; Jaap, John P.

    1994-01-01

    NASA's Experiment Scheduling Program (ESP), which has been used for approximately 12 Spacelab missions, is being enhanced with the addition of a Graphical Timeline Editor. The GTE Clipboard, as it is called, was developed to demonstrate new technology which will lead the development of International Space Station Alpha's Payload Planning System and support the remaining Spacelab missions. ESP's GTE Clipboard is developed in C using MIT's X Windows System X11R5 and follows OSF/Motif Style Guide Revision 1.2.

  1. Graphical Contingency Analysis Tool

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2010-03-02

    GCA is a visual analytic tool for power grid contingency analysis to provide more decision support for power grid operations. GCA allows power grid operators to quickly gain situational awareness of power grid by converting large amounts of operational data to graphic domain with a color contoured map; identify system trend and foresee and discern emergencies by performing trending analysis; identify the relationships between system configurations and affected assets by conducting clustering analysis; and identifymore »the best action by interactively evaluate candidate actions.« less

  2. Pikchul Nioki Chulda (Picture Dictionary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Joan; And Others

    Developed for students in kindergarten through second grade, this alphabet book is one in a series of picture dictionaries in the Pima language developed to instill pride in Pima students by presenting their language in print and to increase their vocabularies in both Pima and English. Introductory sections provide a brief history of the project…

  3. Three Pictures of Quantum Mechanics

    E-print Network

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Three Pictures of Quantum Mechanics Thomas R. Shafer April 17, 2009 #12;Outline of the Talk · Brief review of (or introduction to) quantum mechanics. · 3 different viewpoints on calculation. · Schrödinger the Stage: Quantum Mechanics in Five Minutes #12;The Wave Function · A particle or system is described

  4. The Big Bang Theory

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-09-30

    The Big Bang is the name of the most respected theory of the creation of the universe. Basically, the theory says that the universe was once smaller and denser and has been expending for eons. One common misconception is that the Big Bang theory says something about the instant that set the expansion into motion, however this isn’t true. In this video, Fermilab’s Dr. Don Lincoln tells about the Big Bang theory and sketches some speculative ideas about what caused the universe to come into existence.

  5. Matrix Big Brunch

    E-print Network

    J. Bedford; C. Papageorgakis; D. Rodriguez-Gomez; J. Ward

    2007-02-20

    Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null Cosmologies with a Big Bang in terms of Matrix String Theory put forward by Craps, Sethi and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a Universe including both Big Bang and Big Crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using Matrix String Theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed Universe.

  6. Graphical programming of telerobotic tasks

    SciTech Connect

    Small, D.E.; McDonald, M.J.

    1996-11-01

    With a goal of producing faster, safer, and cheaper technologies for nuclear waste cleanup, Sandia is actively developing and extending intelligent systems technologies through the US Department of Energy Office of Technology Development (DOE OTD) Robotic Technology Development Program (RTDP). Graphical programming is a key technology for robotic waste cleanup that Sandia is developing for this goal. Graphical programming uses simulation such as TELEGRIP `on-line` to program and control robots. Characterized by its model-based control architecture, integrated simulation, `point-and-click` graphical user interfaces, task and path planning software, and network communications, Sandia`s Graphical Programming systems allow operators to focus on high-level robotic tasks rather than the low-level details. Use of scripted tasks, rather than customized programs minimizes the necessity of recompiling supervisory control systems and enhances flexibility. Rapid world-modelling technologies allow Graphical Programming to be used in dynamic and unpredictable environments including digging and pipe-cutting. This paper describes Sancho, Sandia`s most advanced graphical programming supervisory software. Sancho, now operational on several robot systems, incorporates all of Sandia`s recent advances in supervisory control. Graphical programming uses 3-D graphics models as intuitive operator interfaces to program and control complex robotic systems. The goal of the paper is to help the reader understand how Sandia implements graphical programming systems and which key features in Sancho have proven to be most effective.

  7. Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies

    E-print Network

    Chabris, Christopher F.

    Reward value of food pictures / 1 Pictures of Food Have Reward Value that Varies According RUNNING HEAD: Reward value of food pictures #12;Reward value of food pictures / 2 Abstract A stimulus pictures of food can be rewards for human subjects, with reward value operationalized as the physical

  8. 6/29/08 10:35Investor's Business Daily: NASA Gives Pixar's WALL-E A Big Mission Page 1 of 3http://www.investors.com/editorial/IBDArticles.asp?artsec=17&issue=20080627

    E-print Network

    Arizona, University of

    will be the next big thing to come," Fink said. "Robots are more and more Enter Email Address Enter Password6/29/08 10:35Investor's Business Daily: NASA Gives Pixar's WALL-E A Big Mission Page 1 of 3http in IBD® The Big Picture NYSE & Nasdaq Real Most Active Investing: Long-Term Investor Income Investor IBD

  9. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Keith A. Olive

    1999-03-19

    A brief review of standard big bang nucleosynthesis theory and the related observations of the light element isotopes is presented. Implications of BBN on chemical evolution and constraints on particle properties will also be discussed.

  10. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Keith A. Olive

    1995-03-15

    The current status of big bang nucleosynthesis and its implications for physics beyond the standard model is reviewed. In particular, limits on the effective number of neutrino flavors and extra Z gauge boson masses are updated.

  11. ENGINEERING BIG IMPACT

    E-print Network

    , Chrysler, General Electric, Toyota, DuPont, and NASA. BIG RESULTS With 170 faculty members in the College include Dow, MIT Lincoln Labs, Google, Purdue, Cornell, Oak Ridge National Lab, ETH Zurich, and Carleton

  12. Evaluating Texts for Graphical Literacy Instruction: The Graphic Rating Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…

  13. Graphic Communications--Graphic Arts. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Ohio Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), derived from a modified Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process, is a current comprehensive and verified employer competency program list for graphic communications--graphic arts. Each unit (with or without subunits) contains competencies and competency builders that identify the occupational,…

  14. Big Bang Baryogenesis

    E-print Network

    Keith A. Olive

    1994-04-28

    An overview of baryogenesis in the early Universe is presented. The standard big bang model including big bang nucleosynthesis and inflation is breifly reviewed. Three basic models for baryogenesis will be developed: The ``standard" out-of-equilibrium decay model; the decay of scalar consensates along flat directions in supersymmetric models; and lepto-baryogenesis, which is the conversion of a lepton asymmetry into a baryon asymmetry via non-perturbative electroweak interactions.

  15. Online Imagery: Finding Pictures for Business Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosden, Chris

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the use of America Online and CompuServe to find clip art, photos, and other images for use in desktop publishing projects. Highlights include copyright issues, different graphic formats, graphic conversion programs, compression programs, and downloading. (LRW)

  16. SETI as a part of Big History

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maccone, Claudio

    2014-08-01

    Big History is an emerging academic discipline which examines history scientifically from the Big Bang to the present. It uses a multidisciplinary approach based on combining numerous disciplines from science and the humanities, and explores human existence in the context of this bigger picture. It is taught at some universities. In a series of recent papers ([11] through [15] and [17] through [18]) and in a book [16], we developed a new mathematical model embracing Darwinian Evolution (RNA to Humans, see, in particular, [17] and Human History (Aztecs to USA, see [16]) and then we extrapolated even that into the future up to ten million years (see 18), the minimum time requested for a civilization to expand to the whole Milky Way (Fermi paradox). In this paper, we further extend that model in the past so as to let it start at the Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) thus merging Big History, Evolution on Earth and SETI (the modern Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) into a single body of knowledge of a statistical type. Our idea is that the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM), so far used as the key stochastic process of financial mathematics (Black-Sholes models and related 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics!) may be successfully applied to the whole of Big History. In particular, in this paper we derive Big History Theory based on GBMs: just as the GBM is the “movie” unfolding in time, so the Statistical Drake Equation is its “still picture”, static in time, and the GBM is the time-extension of the Drake Equation. Darwinian Evolution on Earth may be easily described as an increasing GBM in the number of living species on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years. The first of them was RNA 3.5 billion years ago, and now 50 million living species or more exist, each evolving in a statistical way like the GBM stochastic process does. Also Human History may be rewritten in terms of GBMs, as this author did in recent papers just published in the International Journal of Astrobiology and Acta Astronautica. But those mathematical results will not be repeated in this paper in order not to make it too long. Possibly a whole new book about GBMs will be written by the author. Mass Extinctions of the geological past also are one more topic that may be cast in the language of a decreasing GBM over a short time lapse, since Mass Extinctions are sudden all-lows in the number of living species. In this paper, we give formulae for the decreasing GBMs of Mass Extinctions, like the K-Pg one of 64 million years ago. Finally, we note that the Big History Equation is just the extension of the Drake Equation to 13.8 billion years of cosmic evolution. So, the relevant GBM starting at the Big Bang epoch (13.8 billion years ago) and growing up to nowadays in a stochastically increasing fashion becomes the GBM of the number of evolving galaxies populating the Universe. Our Big History model based on the GBM mathematics is thus complete.

  17. GFI - EASY PC GRAPHICS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Katz, R. B.

    1994-01-01

    Easy PC Graphics (GFI) is a graphical plot program that permits data to be easily and flexibly plotted. Data is input in a standard format which allows easy data entry and evaluation. Multiple dependent axes are also supported. The program may either be run in a stand alone mode or be embedded in the user's own software. Automatic scaling is built in for several logarithmic and decibel scales. New scales are easily incorporated into the code through the use of object-oriented programming techniques. For the autoscale routines and the actual plotting code, data is not retrieved directly from a file, but a "method" delivers the data, performing scaling as appropriate. Each object (variable) has state information which selects its own scaling. GFI is written in Turbo Pascal version 6.0 for IBM PC compatible computers running MS-DOS. The source code will only compile properly with the Turbo Pascal v. 6.0 or v. 7.0 compilers; however, an executable is provided on the distribution disk. This executable requires at least 64K of RAM and DOS 3.1 or higher, as well as an HP LaserJet printer to print output plots. The standard distribution medium for this program is one 5.25 inch 360K MS-DOS format diskette. The contents of the diskette are compressed using the PKWARE archiving tools. The utility to unarchive the files, PKUNZIP.EXE, is included. An electronic copy of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium in ASCII format. GFI was developed in 1993.

  18. LONGLIB - A GRAPHICS LIBRARY

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Long, D.

    1994-01-01

    This library is a set of subroutines designed for vector plotting to CRT's, plotters, dot matrix, and laser printers. LONGLIB subroutines are invoked by program calls similar to standard CALCOMP routines. In addition to the basic plotting routines, LONGLIB contains an extensive set of routines to allow viewport clipping, extended character sets, graphic input, shading, polar plots, and 3-D plotting with or without hidden line removal. LONGLIB capabilities include surface plots, contours, histograms, logarithm axes, world maps, and seismic plots. LONGLIB includes master subroutines, which are self-contained series of commonly used individual subroutines. When invoked, the master routine will initialize the plotting package, and will plot multiple curves, scatter plots, log plots, 3-D plots, etc. and then close the plot package, all with a single call. Supported devices include VT100 equipped with Selanar GR100 or GR100+ boards, VT125s, VT240s, VT220 equipped with Selanar SG220, Tektronix 4010/4014 or 4107/4109 and compatibles, and Graphon GO-235 terminals. Dot matrix printer output is available by using the provided raster scan conversion routines for DEC LA50, Printronix printers, and high or low resolution Trilog printers. Other output devices include QMS laser printers, Postscript compatible laser printers, and HPGL compatible plotters. The LONGLIB package includes the graphics library source code, an on-line help library, scan converter and meta file conversion programs, and command files for installing, creating, and testing the library. The latest version, 5.0, is significantly enhanced and has been made more portable. Also, the new version's meta file format has been changed and is incompatible with previous versions. A conversion utility is included to port the old meta files to the new format. Color terminal plotting has been incorporated. LONGLIB is written in FORTRAN 77 for batch or interactive execution and has been implemented on a DEC VAX series computer operating under VMS. This program was developed in 1985, and last updated in 1988.

  19. How Big Are "Martin's Big Words"? Thinking Big about the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Traci

    "Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." tells of King's childhood determination to use "big words" through biographical information and quotations. In this lesson, students in grades 3 to 5 explore information on Dr. King to think about his "big" words, then they write about their own "big" words and dreams. During the one…

  20. Graphics Display of Foreign Scripts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abercrombie, John R.

    1987-01-01

    Describes Graphics Project for Foreign Language Learning at the University of Pennsylvania, which has developed ways of displaying foreign scripts on microcomputers. Character design on computer screens is explained; software for graphics, printing, and language instruction is discussed; and a text editor is described that corrects optically…

  1. Call for Papers Web Graphics

    E-print Network

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    Call for Papers Web Graphics Special Issue of IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications Guest Editors a migration of traditional applications to run on the Web environment and a growing demand for more powerful web-based applications. Fused by the increasing availability and dramatic reduction in the cost of 3D

  2. CSYM 012 Graphics Programming Assignment

    E-print Network

    Hill, Gary

    CSYM 012 Graphics Programming Assignment: Development of 3D Graphics Software: Java 3D (100%). Due application using Java 3D. The application is to be a Java 3D environment in the form of the University29 ­ Java 3D View of Room. A bare pass will involve displaying a basic MY corridor and room MY29

  3. GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section A Java

    E-print Network

    Hill, Gary

    GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section A ­ Java 1 - Introduction 2 - Installation & First Programs 3 - GUI: Layout Managers 9 - GUI: JMenu Gary Hill December 2003 Java 1 of 1 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING 1, sample applications, and support for Java standards. Get started quickly using the included tutorials

  4. Graphic arts techniques and equipment: A compilation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    Technology utilization of NASA sponsored projects involving graphic arts techniques and equipment is discussed. The subjects considered are: (1) modification to graphics tools, (1) new graphics tools, (3) visual aids for graphics, and (4) graphic arts shop hints. Photographs and diagrams are included to support the written material.

  5. GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D -JAVA 3D

    E-print Network

    Hill, Gary

    GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - JAVA 3D 1SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D........................................................................................... 2 30 Graphics 3D: Introduction to Java 3D........................................................................................ 78 ©Gary Hill September 2004 Java 3-D 1 of 13 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D 30

  6. Graphical user interface for wireless sensor networks simulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paczesny, Tomasz; Paczesny, Daniel; Weremczuk, Jerzy

    2008-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are currently very popular area of development. It can be suited in many applications form military through environment monitoring, healthcare, home automation and others. Those networks, when working in dynamic, ad-hoc model, need effective protocols which must differ from common computer networks algorithms. Research on those protocols would be difficult without simulation tool, because real applications often use many nodes and tests on such a big networks take much effort and costs. The paper presents Graphical User Interface (GUI) for simulator which is dedicated for WSN studies, especially in routing and data link protocols evaluation.

  7. Computer graphics and graphic artists: a rocky courtship

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, B.A.

    1982-01-01

    A presentation- and publication-quality computer-graphics system has been implemented at Union Carbide Corporation Nuclear Division over the past four years. Success of the implementation required close interaction between programmers and illustrators. This paper discusses the problems involved in establishing a computer-graphics capability in a conventional graphic arts department. The problems dealt with fall into three areas: identifying and acquiring appropriate hardware, acquiring user-friendly software that could meet stringent quality standards, and overcoming the prejudices and misconceptions of all the people involved.

  8. The "Big Dog-Puppy Dog" Analogy for Resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silverstein, Todd P.

    1999-02-01

    The "big dog-puppy dog" analogy is a wry visual scheme that helps to explain the nature of resonance structures, delocalized p bonds, and fractional bond orders and formal charges. In this analogy, puppy dogs are restricted to a specific dog run; they represent s-bond electron pairs. Big dogs are allowed to roam freely over several consecutive dog runs; they represent delocalized p-bond electron pairs. By adding a bunny rabbit who is chased by the big dog, the analogy can be expanded to account for delocalized formal charge in a resonance hybrid. This analogy presents a vivid, humorous picture that helps to explain some of the key aspects of resonance.

  9. Pattern Perception and Pictures for the Blind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Morton A.; McCarthy, Melissa; Clark, Ashley

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews recent research on perception of tangible pictures in sighted and blind people. Haptic picture naming accuracy is dependent upon familiarity and access to semantic memory, just as in visual recognition. Performance is high when haptic picture recognition tasks do not depend upon semantic memory. Viewpoint matters for the ease…

  10. Hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sumitomo, Naoko; Shibata, Takeru; Mizoguchi, Saori; Nishiyama, Shinji; Fukue, Jun

    2008-12-01

    The authors have designed and produced a hand-on "Cosmos Picture Book" as teaching material in astronomy, and demonstrated it at a public event, The Geo-Carnival for Children, held in Osaka in 2007. The aim of this picture book is to introduce the cosmos to children. This picture book was also used in the university class.

  11. Control point measurements on Mariner 9 pictures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davies, M. E.

    1973-01-01

    Measurements are given of the control points on the Mariner 9 pictures which were used in the computation of the June 1973 control net of Mars. The method of making the measurements is discussed along with the picture coordinate system and the removal of distortions. Table are presented of the 9804 measurements of 1645 points on 660 pictures.

  12. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Motion pictures. 705.8 Section 705.8 National...AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.8 Motion pictures. (a) The rules and procedures...to cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy...

  13. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Motion pictures. 705.8 Section 705.8 National...AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.8 Motion pictures. (a) The rules and procedures...to cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy...

  14. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Motion pictures. 705.8 Section 705.8 National...AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.8 Motion pictures. (a) The rules and procedures...to cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy...

  15. The Role of Decorative Pictures in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenzner, Alwine; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Müller, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Three experiments with students from 7th and 8th grade were performed to investigate the effects of decorative pictures in learning as compared to instructional pictures. Pictures were considered as instructional, when they were primarily informative, and as decorative, when they were primarily aesthetically appealing. The experiments…

  16. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Motion pictures. 705.8 Section 705.8 National...AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.8 Motion pictures. (a) The rules and procedures...to cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy...

  17. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motion pictures. 705.8 Section 705.8 National...AFFAIRS REGULATIONS § 705.8 Motion pictures. (a) The rules and procedures...to cooperation with commercial motion picture producers. (b) The Navy...

  18. Using Picture Books Kindergarten through High School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Maurine V.; Miller, Margaret B.

    A picture book is defined as a book in which the illustrations are as important as the text or written story. Picture books published today seem appropriate and exciting for anyone from 1 to 100 years old. Among the many kinds of picture books are Mother Goose books; toy books (board books, pop-up books, concept books, flap books, cloth books, and…

  19. Picture independent quantum action principle

    SciTech Connect

    Mantke, W.J.

    1992-01-01

    The Schwinger action principle for quantum mechanics is extended into a picture independent form. This displays the quantum connection. Time variations are formulated as variations of a time variable and included into the kinematical variations. Kets and bras represent experimental operations. Experimental operations at different times cannot be identified. The ket and the bra spaces are fiber bundles over time. The same applies to the classical configuration space. For the classical action principle the action can be varied by changing the path or the classical variables. The latter variation of classical functions corresponds to kinematical variations of quantum variables. The picture independent formulation represents time evolution by a connection. A standard experiment is represented by a ket, a connection and a bra. For particular start and end times of experiments, the action and the contraction into a transition amplitude are elements of a new tensor space of quantum correspondents of path functionals. The classical correspondent of the transition amplitude is the probability for a specified state to evolve along a particular path segment. The elements of the dual tensor space represent standard experiments or superpositions thereof. The kinematical variations of the quantum variables are commuting numbers. Variations that include the effect of Poincare or gauge transformations have different commutator properties. The Schwinger action principle is derived from the Feynman path integral formulation. The limitations from the time-energy uncertainty relation might be accommodated by superposing experiments that differ in their start- and end-times. In its picture independent form the action principle can be applied to all superpositions of standard experiments. This may involve superpositions of different connections. The extension of the superposition principle to connections allows representation of a quantum field by a part of the connection.

  20. Big data bioinformatics.

    PubMed

    Greene, Casey S; Tan, Jie; Ung, Matthew; Moore, Jason H; Cheng, Chao

    2014-12-01

    Recent technological advances allow for high throughput profiling of biological systems in a cost-efficient manner. The low cost of data generation is leading us to the "big data" era. The availability of big data provides unprecedented opportunities but also raises new challenges for data mining and analysis. In this review, we introduce key concepts in the analysis of big data, including both "machine learning" algorithms as well as "unsupervised" and "supervised" examples of each. We note packages for the R programming language that are available to perform machine learning analyses. In addition to programming based solutions, we review webservers that allow users with limited or no programming background to perform these analyses on large data compendia. PMID:24799088

  1. Big data in biomedicine.

    PubMed

    Costa, Fabricio F

    2014-04-01

    The increasing availability and growth rate of biomedical information, also known as 'big data', provides an opportunity for future personalized medicine programs that will significantly improve patient care. Recent advances in information technology (IT) applied to biomedicine are changing the landscape of privacy and personal information, with patients getting more control of their health information. Conceivably, big data analytics is already impacting health decisions and patient care; however, specific challenges need to be addressed to integrate current discoveries into medical practice. In this article, I will discuss the major breakthroughs achieved in combining omics and clinical health data in terms of their application to personalized medicine. I will also review the challenges associated with using big data in biomedicine and translational science. PMID:24183925

  2. Big Questions: Missing Antimatter

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Don

    2013-08-27

    Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

  3. Big Questions: Missing Antimatter

    ScienceCinema

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07

    Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

  4. Big Data, Genes & Personalised Medicine Big data in genomics

    E-print Network

    Johansen, Adam

    Big Data, Genes & Personalised Medicine Big data in genomics Novel high(on from data · Ensure reproducible results · Model biological processes #12;Example: Microarray Gene Expression Data proteinRNADNA Transcription Translation Replication DNA

  5. Graphics, image processing, and the Stellar (tm) Graphics Supercomputer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gelberg, Lawrence M.; MacMann, Jeffrey F.; Mathias, Craig J.

    1989-07-01

    The Stellar Graphics Supercomputer Model GS1000Tm is the definitive member of a new class of machines incorporating the architecture and performance of near-supercomputers with a level of graphics performance well beyond the range of traditional terminals and workstations. Designed to eliminate the architectural bottlenecks which limit overall throughput and performance, the GS 1000 includes a number of novel features which significantly narrow the gap between "peak" and achievable performance. This paper will include a brief summary of the overall GS 1000 architecture, but will focus in some detail on the hardware and software components related to graphical computation. Examples of the applicability of Stellar's Virtual Pixel MapsTM facility to both geometric graphics and image processing are provided, as are illustrations as to how these two forms of image computing can be applied to a single application.

  6. A distributable, display-device-independent vector graphics system for command and control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bisbey, R., II; Hollingworth, D.

    1980-07-01

    This report documents a distributable, device-independent vector graphics system developed by ISI for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. It describes the system architecture, communications elements, and a phased implementation strategy. The system supports graphics-based command and control applications in distributed computational environments such as the ARPANET. The system has been in use at ISI and at the Naval Ocean Systems Center (NOSC) in the Advanced Command and Control Architectural Testbed (ACCAT) since January 1977. The principal aim of the development effort is the device-independence of the vector graphics. 'Device-independence' means that graphic application programs can be written without regard to the particular display-device on which the output will ultimately be displayed. This system achieves display-device independence by providing the application program with a set of generic, two dimensional vector graphic primitives by which pictures can be described and interacted with at the application level. The particular graphics model used structures pictures as sets of subpictures that are absolute-transformed-segments, as defined by Newman and Sproull.

  7. Effects of Iconicity on Requesting with the Picture Exchange Communication System in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angermeier, Katie; Schlosser, Ralf W.; Luiselli, James K.; Harrington, Caroline; Carter, Beth

    2008-01-01

    Research on graphic symbol learning suggests that symbols with a greater visual resemblance to their referents (greater iconicity) are more easily learned. The iconicity hypothesis has not yet been explored within the intervention protocol of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Within the PECS protocol, participants do not point to a…

  8. Graphics Software For VT Terminals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Caroline

    1991-01-01

    VTGRAPH graphics software tool for DEC/VT computer terminal or terminals compatible with it, widely used by government and industry. Callable in FORTRAN or C language, library program enabling user to cope with many computer environments in which VT terminals used for window management and graphic systems. Provides PLOT10-like package plus color or shade capability for VT240, VT241, and VT300 terminals. User can easily design more-friendly user-interface programs and design PLOT10 programs on VT terminals with different computer systems. Requires ReGis graphics set terminal and FORTRAN compiler.

  9. EUROGRAPHICS -ACM SIGGRAPH Workshop Computer Graphics Education

    E-print Network

    Mirmehdi, Majid

    ......................................................................................................65 Three Alternatives for an Introductory Computer Graphics Sequence John McDonald and Steve Luecking..............................................................................................69 Visual Perception in Computer Graphics Education Alan Chalmers and Colin Dalton.........................................

  10. Cosmological Big Bounce Transition

    E-print Network

    Wlodzimierz Piechocki

    2011-01-02

    We analyze the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of the nonstandard loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Elementary observables are used to quantize compound observables. The spectrum of the energy density operator is bounded and continuous. The spectrum of the volume operator is bounded from below and discrete. It has equally distant levels defining a quantum of the volume. The discreteness may imply a foamy structure of spacetime at semiclassical level which may be detected in astro-cosmo observations. The nonstandard LQC method has a free parameter that should be fixed in some way to specify the big bounce transition.

  11. Cosmological big bounce transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Piechocki, W?odzimierz

    2012-06-01

    We analyze the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of the nonstandard loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Elementary observables are used to quantize compound observables. The spectrum of the energy density operator is bounded and continuous. The spectrum of the volume operator is bounded from below and discrete. It has equally distant levels defining a quantum of the volume. The discreteness may imply a foamy structure of spacetime at semiclassical level which may be detected in astro-cosmo observations. The nonstandard LQC method has a free parameter that should be fixed in some way to specify the big bounce transition.

  12. Rutgers Workshop on Big Data: Theoretical Foundation of Big Data

    E-print Network

    Jornsten, Rebecka

    Rutgers Workshop on Big Data: Theoretical Foundation of Big Data Department of Statistics:05pm: Welcome and Introduction of Big Data Research at Rutgers Regina Liu, Chair, Department, Carnegie Mellon University "On Data Parallelism and Model Parallelism for Large Scale Machine Learning" 4

  13. Big Bang Cosmology Big Bang vs. Steady State

    E-print Network

    Basu, Shantanu

    Big Bang Cosmology Big Bang vs. Steady State Perfect cosmological principle: universe is unchanging/quasars for large distances (early times) · cosmic microwave background - consistent with Big Bang (BB by curvature #12;Expansion of Curved Universe Theory of General Relativity yields an equation for radius

  14. Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures

    E-print Network

    Li, Jia

    Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures Jia Li. Wang alipr.com #12;Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures How Visible Are Web Images? Keukenhof photos Jia Li, James Z. Wang alipr.com #12;Real-Time Computerized Annotation of Pictures ALIPR: Automatic

  15. Cascaded Processing in Written Naming: Evidence from the Picture-Picture Interference Paradigm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roux, Sebastien; Bonin, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a "ball" superimposed on a picture of a "bed").…

  16. Optimized Laplacian image sharpening algorithm based on graphic processing unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Tinghuai; Li, Lu; Ji, Sai; Wang, Xin; Tian, Yuan; Al-Dhelaan, Abdullah; Al-Rodhaan, Mznah

    2014-12-01

    In classical Laplacian image sharpening, all pixels are processed one by one, which leads to large amount of computation. Traditional Laplacian sharpening processed on CPU is considerably time-consuming especially for those large pictures. In this paper, we propose a parallel implementation of Laplacian sharpening based on Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), which is a computing platform of Graphic Processing Units (GPU), and analyze the impact of picture size on performance and the relationship between the processing time of between data transfer time and parallel computing time. Further, according to different features of different memory, an improved scheme of our method is developed, which exploits shared memory in GPU instead of global memory and further increases the efficiency. Experimental results prove that two novel algorithms outperform traditional consequentially method based on OpenCV in the aspect of computing speed.

  17. Managing facts and concepts: computer graphics and information graphics from a graphic designer's perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Marcus, A.

    1983-01-01

    This book emphasizes the importance of graphic design for an information-oriented society. In an environment in which many new graphic communication technologies are emerging, it raises some issues which graphic designers and managers of graphic design production should consider in using the new technology effectively. In its final sections, it gives an example of the steps taken in designing a visual narrative as a prototype for responsible information-oriented graphic design. The management of complex facts and concepts, of complex systems of ideas and issues, presented in a visual as well as verbal narrative or dialogue and conveyed through new technology will challenge the graphic design community in the coming decades. This shift to visual-verbal communication has repercussions in the educational system and the political/governance systems that go beyond the scope of this book. If there is a single goal for this book, it is to stimulate the reader and then to provide references that will help you learn more about graphic design in an era of communication when know business is show business.

  18. Learning Latent Tree Graphical Models

    E-print Network

    Choi, Myung Jin

    We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

  19. Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines

    E-print Network

    Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar

    We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

  20. APSRS state-base graphics

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1981-01-01

    The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

  1. Graphic design of pinhole cameras

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edwards, H. B.; Chu, W. P.

    1979-01-01

    The paper describes a graphic technique for the analysis and optimization of pinhole size and focal length. The technique is based on the use of the transfer function of optical elements described by Scott (1959) to construct the transfer function of a circular pinhole camera. This transfer function is the response of a component or system to a pattern of lines having a sinusoidally varying radiance at varying spatial frequencies. Some specific examples of graphic design are presented.

  2. Photojournal Home Page Graphic 2007

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This image is an unannotated version of the Photojournal Home Page graphic released in October 2007. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

  3. Planetary Photojournal Home Page Graphic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    This image is an unannotated version of the Planetary Photojournal Home Page graphic. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

  4. Big-Bang reaction rates within the R-matrix model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Descouvemont, P.; Adahchour, A.; Angulo, C.; Coc, A.; Vangioni-Flam, E.

    2005-07-01

    We use the R-matrix theory to fit S-factor data on nuclear reactions involved in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. We derive the reaction rates with associated uncertainties, which are evaluated on statistical grounds. We provide S factors and reaction rates in tabular and graphical formats (available at http://pntpm3.ulb.ac.be/bigbang).

  5. User-Generated Content as cues for performance in LittleBigPlanet

    E-print Network

    Cairns, Paul

    -Generated Content, Discourse Analysis, LittleBigPlanet 4. INTRODUCTION The main reason why players play video games games, adding content can be traced back to 1962, but only with the rise of 3D graphics, has it become more profound [15]. The commonest kind of UGC in video games has been modifications (mods

  6. The Big Empty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brook, Richard; Smith, Shelley; Tisdale, Mary

    1995-01-01

    Discusses "The Big Empty" or, the Great Basin. Suggests that it is not empty but rather a great ecosystem rich in plants, animals, and minerals. Presents information and activities to guide students in exploring the Great Basin in order to understand the ways in which such an arid and seemingly harsh environment can support so many living things.…

  7. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Keith A. Olive

    1997-12-11

    The concordance of standard big bang nucleosynthesis theory and the related observations of the light element isotopes (including some new higher \\he4 abundances) will be reviewed. Implications of BBN on chemical evolution, dark matter and constraints on particle properties will be discussed.

  8. Big Wood River, Idaho

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The Big Wood River flows through communities of the Wood River Valley of south-central Idaho. It is one of eight sites at which the USGS is conducting an ecological assessment during the summer of 2014. Study results will be published in 2015....

  9. The Big Bang

    E-print Network

    Moods, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    How did the Universe begin? The favoured theory is that everything - space, time, matter - came into existence at the same moment, around 13.7 thousand million years ago. This event was scornfully referred to as the "Big Bang" by Sir Fred Hoyle, who did not believe in it and maintained that the Universe had always existed.

  10. Big Enough for Everyone?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coote, Anna

    2010-01-01

    The UK's coalition government wants to build a "Big Society." The Prime Minister says "we are all in this together" and building it is the responsibility of every citizen as well as every government department. The broad vision is welcome, but everything depends on how the vision is translated into policy and practice. The government aims to put…

  11. A Big Bang Lab

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheider, Walter

    2005-01-01

    The February 2005 issue of The Science Teacher (TST) reminded everyone that by learning how scientists study stars, students gain an understanding of how science measures things that can not be set up in lab, either because they are too big, too far away, or happened in a very distant past. The authors of "How Far are the Stars?" show how the…

  12. The big bang

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silk, Joseph

    Our universe was born billions of years ago in a hot, violent explosion of elementary particles and radiation - the big bang. What do we know about this ultimate moment of creation, and how do we know it? Drawing upon the latest theories and technology, this new edition of The big bang, is a sweeping, lucid account of the event that set the universe in motion. Joseph Silk begins his story with the first microseconds of the big bang, on through the evolution of stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, quasars, and into the distant future of our universe. He also explores the fascinating evidence for the big bang model and recounts the history of cosmological speculation. Revised and updated, this new edition features all the most recent astronomical advances, including: Photos and measurements from the Hubble Space Telescope, Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE), and Infrared Space Observatory; the latest estimates of the age of the universe; new ideas in string and superstring theory; recent experiments on neutrino detection; new theories about the presence of dark matter in galaxies; new developments in the theory of the formation and evolution of galaxies; the latest ideas about black holes, worm holes, quantum foam, and multiple universes.

  13. THE BIG BELLY BLUES

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Abdominal enlargements (big belly) occur for several reasons: when host tissues proliferate, when air bladders over-inflate, when fluids fill the body cavity, when egg production becomes much greater than normal, when the stomach becomes over-filled with food, and when invading organisms grow or mul...

  14. Big rational surfaces

    E-print Network

    Testa, Damiano; Velasco, Mauricio

    2009-01-01

    We prove that the Cox ring of a smooth rational surface with big anticanonical class is finitely generated. We classify surfaces of this type that are blow-ups of the plane at distinct points lying on a (possibly reducible) cubic.

  15. Big White Wall app.

    PubMed

    2015-11-11

    For anyone struggling with anxiety or stress, the Big White Wall app offers an anonymous space to voice concerns or speak to others. Before trying the app, users need to go to www.bigwhitewall . com and answer a brief questionnaire to set up login details and a password to protect anonymity. PMID:26554985

  16. The Big Sky inside

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Earle; Ward, Tony J.; Vanek, Diana; Marra, Nancy; Hester, Carolyn; Knuth, Randy; Spangler, Todd; Jones, David; Henthorn, Melissa; Hammill, Brock; Smith, Paul; Salisbury, Rob; Reckin, Gene; Boulafentis, Johna

    2009-01-01

    The University of Montana (UM)-Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor…

  17. The Big Fish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLisle, Rebecca; Hargis, Jace

    2005-01-01

    The Killer Whale, Shamu jumps through hoops and splashes tourists in hopes for the big fish, not because of passion, desire or simply the enjoyment of doing so. What would happen if those fish were obsolete? Would this killer whale be able to find the passion to continue to entertain people? Or would Shamu find other exciting activities to do…

  18. VIASAT PROPRIETARY Big Data Analytics

    E-print Network

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    VIASAT PROPRIETARY Big Data Analytics for Smart Grid Security Intelligence November 4, 2015 Stefan Sensors Activity & Assets BigData Analytics/Orchestration Engine Collect process Analyze Enrich correlate information · Batch paradigm - pull · Query Driven Big Data Computing · Application & Data Centric · Speed

  19. Semantic Interoperability for Big Data

    E-print Network

    Baclawski, Kenneth B.

    Semantic Interoperability for Big Data Ken Baclawski College of Computer and Information Science Northeastern University #12;August 11, 2014 2 Emergence of Big Data The phenomenon was studied in the early based on the information scarcity model. #12;August 11, 2014 3 Characteristics of Big Data Large

  20. Graphical Methods of Exploratory Data Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedman, J. H.; McDonald, J. A.; Stuetzle, W.

    This paper describes briefly Orion I, a graphic system used to study applications of computer graphics - especially interactive motion graphics - in statistics. Orion I is the newest of a family of "Prim" systems whose most striking common feature is the use of real-time motion graphics to display three-dimensional scatterplots.

  1. An Opening: Graphic Design's Discursive Spaces.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blauvelt, Andrew

    1994-01-01

    Introduces a special issue on critical histories of graphic design with a review of the particular problems identified with the history of graphic design as a field of study and the emerging discipline of graphic design history. Makes a case for the examination of graphic design through its relationships with larger discourses. (SR)

  2. Cartooning History: Canada's Stories in Graphic Novels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Alyson E.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, historical events, issues, and characters have been portrayed in an increasing number of non-fiction graphic texts. Similar to comics and graphic novels, graphic texts are defined as fully developed, non-fiction narratives told through panels of sequential art. Such non-fiction graphic texts are being used to teach history in…

  3. Data Parallel Computing on Graphics Hardware

    E-print Network

    Bejerano, Gill

    Data Parallel Computing on Graphics Hardware Data Parallel Computing on Graphics Hardware Ian Buck of GPUs as Streaming processor #12;July 27th, 2003 3 Why graphics hardwareWhy graphics hardware Raw variables ­ No Read-Modify-Write textures · Multiple "pixel pipes" ­ Data Parallelism · Support ALU heavy

  4. _cua uon_erence Computer Graphics 86

    E-print Network

    the User's Poin¢ of View: A Graphic Designer's Perspective Daniel J Boyarski Interface Design Consultant, is not fully appreciated. As a graphic designer, and as a member of an interface design team, I will discuss my system. What is a Graphic Designer? A graphic designer is a visual communicator of information

  5. Antinomies of Semiotics in Graphic Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storkerson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The following paper assesses the roles played by semiotics in graphic design and in graphic design education, which both reflects and shapes practice. It identifies a series of factors; graphic design education methods and culture; semiotic theories themselves and their application to graphic design; the two wings of Peircian semiotics and…

  6. Information Graphic Classification, Decomposition and Alternative Representation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Jinglun

    2012-01-01

    This thesis work is mainly focused on two problems related to improving accessibility of information graphics for visually impaired users. The first problem is automated analysis of information graphics for information extraction and the second problem is multi-modal representations for accessibility. Information graphics are graphical

  7. Comprehending, Composing, and Celebrating Graphic Poetry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calo, Kristine M.

    2011-01-01

    The use of graphic poetry in classrooms is encouraged as a way to engage students and motivate them to read and write poetry. This article discusses how graphic poetry can help students with their comprehension of poetry while tapping into popular culture. It is organized around three main sections--reading graphic poetry, writing graphic poetry,…

  8. GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section B Java 2D

    E-print Network

    Hill, Gary

    GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section B ­ Java 2D 20 - Graphics2D: Introduction 21 - Graphics2D: Shapes 22 2D: General Path Curves 29 - Graphics 2D: Constructive Area Geometry Gary Hill December 2003 Java 2 Java initially through the Abstract Window Toolkit, which was extended to include swing, shortly

  9. Graphic Poetry: How to Help Students Get the Most out of Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, River Ya-ling

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to give an account of some innovative work in paintings and modern poetry and to show how modern poets, such as Jane Flanders and Anne Sexton, the two American poets in particular, express and develop radically new conventions for their respective arts. Also elaborated are how such changes in artistic techniques are related to…

  10. Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 1 More C functions and Big

    E-print Network

    Sasaki, Galen H.

    Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 1 More C functions and Big Picture [MIPSc Notes ­ Assembling · Passing parameters by value or reference Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 2 C;Galen H. Sasaki EE 361 University of Hawaii 3 Callee max(int i, int j) { if (i>j) return i; else return

  11. Compact Picture in Extended Superconformal Field Theories

    E-print Network

    Nedanovski, Dimitar

    2015-01-01

    There is a complex conformal transformation, which maps the $D$ - dimensional real Minkowski space on a bounded set in the $D$ - dimensional complex vector space. It generalizes the Cayley map from $D=1$ dimensions to higher space-time dimensions. This transformation provides a very convenient coordinate picture for Conformal Field Theories called compact picture. In this paper we extend the compact picture coordinates for superconformal field theories in four space-time dimensions.

  12. Compact Picture in Extended Superconformal Field Theories

    E-print Network

    Dimitar Nedanovski

    2015-10-20

    There is a complex conformal transformation, which maps the $D$ - dimensional real Minkowski space on a bounded set in the $D$ - dimensional complex vector space. It generalizes the Cayley map from $D=1$ dimensions to higher space-time dimensions. This transformation provides a very convenient coordinate picture for Conformal Field Theories called compact picture. In this paper we extend the compact picture coordinates for superconformal field theories in four space-time dimensions.

  13. Big Bounce and inhomogeneities

    E-print Network

    David Brizuela; Guillermo A. Mena Marugan; Tomasz Pawlowski

    2009-02-04

    The dynamics of an inhomogeneous universe is studied with the methods of Loop Quantum Cosmology as an example of the quantization of vacuum cosmological spacetimes containing gravitational waves (Gowdy spacetimes). The analysis performed at the effective level shows that: (i) The initial Big Bang singularity is replaced (as in the case of homogeneous cosmological models) by a Big Bounce, joining deterministically two large universes, (ii) the universe size at the bounce is at least of the same order of magnitude as that of the background homogeneous universe, (iii) for each gravitational wave mode, the difference in amplitude at very early and very late times has a vanishing statistical average when the bounce dynamics is strongly dominated by the inhomogeneities, whereas this average is positive when the dynamics is in a near-vacuum regime, so that statistically the inhomogeneities are amplified.

  14. Testing Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    1996-01-24

    Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN), along with the cosmic background radiation and the Hubble expansion, is one of the pillars ofthe standard, hot, big bang cosmology since the primordial synthesis of the light nuclides (D, $^3$He, $^4$He, $^7$Li) must have occurred during the early evolution of a universe described by this model. The overall consistency between the predicted and observed abundances of the light nuclides, each of which spans a range of some nine orders of magnitude, provides impressive support for the standard models of cosmology and particle physics. Here, the results of recent, statistically consistent tests of BBN are described. This new confrontation between theory and data challenges the standard model. The crises confronting BBN are identified and several possible resolutions are outlined.

  15. A holographic big bang?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Afshordi, N.; Mann, R. B.; Pourhasan, R.

    2015-11-01

    We present a cosmological model in which the Universe emerges out of the collapse of a five-dimensional (5D) star as a spherical three-brane. The initial singularity of the big bang becomes hidden behind a causal horizon. Near scale-invariant primordial curvature perturbations can be induced on the brane via a thermal atmosphere that is in equilibrium with the brane, circumventing the need for a separate inflationary process and providing an important test of the model.

  16. DARPA's Big Mechanism program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, Paul R.

    2015-07-01

    Reductionist science produces causal models of small fragments of complicated systems. Causal models of entire systems can be hard to construct because what is known of them is distributed across a vast amount of literature. The Big Mechanism program aims to have machines read the literature and assemble the causal fragments found in individual papers into huge causal models, automatically. The current domain of the program is cell signalling associated with Ras-driven cancers.

  17. Big3. Editorial

    PubMed Central

    Lehmann, Christoph U.; Séroussi, Brigitte; Jaulent, Marie-Christine

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives To provide an editorial introduction into the 2014 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics with an overview of the content, the new publishing scheme, and upcoming 25th anniversary. Methods A brief overview of the 2014 special topic, Big Data - Smart Health Strategies, and an outline of the novel publishing model is provided in conjunction with a call for proposals to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Yearbook. Results ‘Big Data’ has become the latest buzzword in informatics and promise new approaches and interventions that can improve health, well-being, and quality of life. This edition of the Yearbook acknowledges the fact that we just started to explore the opportunities that ‘Big Data’ will bring. However, it will become apparent to the reader that its pervasive nature has invaded all aspects of biomedical informatics – some to a higher degree than others. It was our goal to provide a comprehensive view at the state of ‘Big Data’ today, explore its strengths and weaknesses, as well as its risks, discuss emerging trends, tools, and applications, and stimulate the development of the field through the aggregation of excellent survey papers and working group contributions to the topic. Conclusions For the first time in history will the IMIA Yearbook be published in an open access online format allowing a broader readership especially in resource poor countries. For the first time, thanks to the online format, will the IMIA Yearbook be published twice in the year, with two different tracks of papers. We anticipate that the important role of the IMIA yearbook will further increase with these changes just in time for its 25th anniversary in 2016. PMID:24853037

  18. Graphical programming of telerobotic tasks

    SciTech Connect

    Small, D.E.; McDonald, M.J.

    1997-02-01

    With a goal of producing faster, safer, and cheaper technologies for nuclear waste cleanup, Sandia is actively developing and extending intelligent systems technologies. Graphical Programming is a key technology for robotic waste cleanup that Sandia is developing for this goal. This paper describes Sancho, Sandia most advanced Graphical Programming supervisory software. Sancho, now operational on several robot systems, incorporates all of Sandia`s recent advances in supervisory control. Sancho, developed to rapidly apply Graphical Programming on a diverse set of robot systems, uses a general set of tools to implement task and operational behavior. Sancho can be rapidly reconfigured for new tasks and operations without modifying the supervisory code. Other innovations include task-based interfaces, event-based sequencing, and sophisticated GUI design. These innovations have resulted in robot control programs and approaches that are easier and safer to use than teleoperation, off-line programming, or full automation.

  19. Relativistic Hydrodynamics on Graphic Cards

    E-print Network

    Jochen Gerhard; Volker Lindenstruth; Marcus Bleicher

    2012-09-09

    We show how to accelerate relativistic hydrodynamics simulations using graphic cards (graphic processing units, GPUs). These improvements are of highest relevance e.g. to the field of high-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC and LHC where (ideal and dissipative) relativistic hydrodynamics is used to calculate the evolution of hot and dense QCD matter. The results reported here are based on the Sharp And Smooth Transport Algorithm (SHASTA), which is employed in many hydrodynamical models and hybrid simulation packages, e.g. the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics model (UrQMD). We have redesigned the SHASTA using the OpenCL computing framework to work on accelerators like graphic processing units (GPUs) as well as on multi-core processors. With the redesign of the algorithm the hydrodynamic calculations have been accelerated by a factor 160 allowing for event-by-event calculations and better statistics in hybrid calculations.

  20. VAX Professional Workstation goes graphic

    SciTech Connect

    Downward, J.G.

    1984-01-01

    The VAX Professional Workstation (VPW) is a collection of programs and procedures designed to provide an integrated work-station environment for the staff at KMS Fusion's research laboratories. During the past year numerous capabilities have been added to VPW, including support for VT125/VT240/4014 graphic workstations, editing windows, and additional desk utilities. Graphics workstation support allows users to create, edit, and modify graph data files, enter the data via a graphic tablet, create simple plots with DATATRIEVE or DECgraph on ReGIS terminals, or elaborate plots with TEKGRAPH on ReGIS or Tektronix terminals. Users may assign display error bars to the data and interactively plot it in a variety of ways. Users also can create and display viewgraphs. Hard copy output for a large network of office terminals is obtained by multiplexing each terminal's video output into a recently developed video multiplexer front ending a single channel video hard copy unit.

  1. Picture archiving and communication systems.

    PubMed

    2000-11-01

    Picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) are extremely versatile systems that facilitate the transfer of digital images and patient data throughout a healthcare enterprise. PACS are most commonly used in radiology departments to process images from diagnostic imaging modalities, such as digital radiography devices and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems. In this article, we evaluate three such systems from three of the largest PACS suppliers--the Agfa IMPAX, GE PathSpeed, and Siemens Sienet. The ultimate goal of any PACS is to improve workflow within the enterprise. Our testing focused on whether, and to what degree, the systems could meet this goal. We found that all three PACS are fairly complete and able to support image distribution and improve workflow compared with film-based processes. However, we did identify significant differences--along with some noteworthy limitations--with respect to system design and operation, external integration capabilities, and supplier support and professional services. We have ranked the systems for each of these factors to help healthcare facilities identify the system that will best meet their needs. Also in this Evaluation, we present an overview of the technology, a Glossary of PACS terminology (see page 400), selection guidance, and discussions of PACS-related topics, including data compression options, the role of the DICOM standard, and concerns about data security in many of today's systems. PMID:11126821

  2. Ariel - Highest Resolution Color Picture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The complex terrain of Ariel is viewed in this image, the best Voyager 2 color picture of the Uranian moon. The individual photos used to construct this composite were taken Jan. 24, 1986, from a distance of 170,000 kilometers (105,000 miles. Voyager captured this view of Ariel's southern hemisphere through the green, blue and violet filters of the narrow-angle camera; the resolution is about 3 km (2 mi). Most of the visible surface consists of relatively intensely cratered terrain transected by fault scarps and fault-bounded valleys (graben). Some of the largest valleys, which can be seen near the terminator (at right), are partly filled with younger deposits that are less heavily cratered. Bright spots near the limb and toward the left are chiefly the rims of small craters. Most of the brightly rimmed craters are too small to be resolved here, although one about 30 km (20 mi) in diameter can be easily distinguished near the center. These bright-rim craters, though the youngest features on Ariel, probably have formed over a long span of geological time. Although Ariel has a diameter of only about 1,200 km (750 mi), it has clearly experienced a great deal of geological activity in the past. The Voyager project is managed for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

  3. Industrial Arts 7-9. Graphic Communications. Drafting. Graphic Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This guide for industrial arts grades 7-9 provides teachers with a curriculum for the subject cluster of graphic communications. An "Overview" section presents the rationale, discusses how the content of the program is related to the developmental stages of the adolescent, describes the structure of the industrial arts program, and lists program…

  4. An innovative technique for recording picture-in-picture ultrasound videos.

    PubMed

    Rajasekaran, Sathish; Finnoff, Jonathan T

    2013-08-01

    Many ultrasound educational products and ultrasound researchers present diagnostic and interventional ultrasound information using picture-in-picture videos, which simultaneously show the ultrasound image and transducer and patient positions. Traditional techniques for creating picture-in-picture videos are expensive, nonportable, or time-consuming. This article describes an inexpensive, simple, and portable way of creating picture-in-picture ultrasound videos. This technique uses a laptop computer with a video capture device to acquire the ultrasound feed. Simultaneously, a webcam captures a live video feed of the transducer and patient position and live audio. Both sources are streamed onto the computer screen and recorded by screen capture software. This technique makes the process of recording picture-in-picture ultrasound videos more accessible for ultrasound educators and researchers for use in their presentations or publications. PMID:23887962

  5. The Untapped Potential of Picture Books

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hager, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the role picture books play in helping young writers. Third-grade students were read engaging picture books for the sole purpose of noticing and naming different features they encountered during the read-alouds. Students were able to recognize the tools many authors and illustrators use such as onomatopoeia, varied font…

  6. Positioning Picture Books within the Mathematics Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Kate

    2010-01-01

    Most teachers feel confident espousing the benefits of using picture books in English lessons, talking about the importance of using the illustrations to enhance the text, engaging students and fostering a love and appreciation of literature. How many teachers passionately advocate the use of these same picture books in mathematics lessons? This…

  7. Teaching Picture Reading as an Enabling Skill.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberto, Paul A.; Fredrick, Laura D.

    2000-01-01

    This article presents a five-step sequence for teaching children with disabilities to read pictures. Steps are sequenced for content and complexity of picture, student response requirement, and language demands. They include: (1) identify person, (2) identify object, (3) identify person and object, (4) identify action, and (5) identify sequence.…

  8. Phonological Priming in Children's Picture Naming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Patricia J.; MacWhinney, Brian

    2000-01-01

    Two experiments examined phonological priming in children and adults using a cross-modal picture-word interference task. Pictures of familiar objects were presented on a computer screen, while interfering words were presented over headphones. Results indicate that priming effects reach a peak during a time when articulatory information is being…

  9. Picture Books Peek behind Cultural Curtains.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marantz, Sylvia; Marantz, Kenneth

    2000-01-01

    Discusses culture in picture books in three general categories: legends and histories; current life in particular areas; and the immigrant experience. Considers the translation of visual images, discusses authentic interpretations, and presents an annotated bibliography of picture books showing cultural diversity including African, Asian, Mexican,…

  10. Painting a Data-Rich Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, Lorna; Katz, Steven

    2005-01-01

    Using data for school reform is like painting a series of pictures--pictures that are subtle and capture the nuances of the subject. This is a far cry from drawing stick figures or paint-by-numbers. Imagine the experiences of the French painter Claude Monet as he wandered through his garden at Giverny at different times of the day and year,…

  11. Magazine Picture Collage in Group Supervision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepard, Blythe C.; Guenette, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    A magazine picture collage activity was used with three female counsellor education students as a vehicle to support them in processing their experience as counsellors in training. The use of magazine picture collage in group supervision is described, and the benefits and challenges are presented. The collages served as jumping-off points for…

  12. Mismatched Pictures and Children's Prose Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pressley, Michael; And Others

    1983-01-01

    In experiments with seven- to ten-year-old children, mismatched pictures increased learning of prose that was heard and prose that was read. Presence of pictures mismatched to prose they accompanied had little negative impact on cued recall. Twenty-seven references are provided. (Author)

  13. Aristotle on Pictures of Ignoble Animals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Socher, David

    2005-01-01

    Noting that the "Poetics" is a widely read, accessible classic, the author points to a minor flaw of some interest. In a well-known passage early in the "Poetics," Aristotle is in error about pictures. The matter is significant to both the theory of pictures and to Aristotle scholarship. The author sets out Aristotle's position as follows: (1) It…

  14. Examining Lateralized Semantic Access Using Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovseth, Kyle; Atchley, Ruth Ann

    2010-01-01

    A divided visual field (DVF) experiment examined the semantic processing strategies employed by the cerebral hemispheres to determine if strategies observed with written word stimuli generalize to other media for communicating semantic information. We employed picture stimuli and vary the degree of semantic relatedness between the picture pairs.…

  15. Power Picture Books: Tools for Teaching Peace

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskins, Cathleen

    2008-01-01

    The picture book is a simple yet profound tool for teaching peace. Picture books are nearly pieces of art--with rich text accompanied by illustrations, paintings, and photographs that speak to the spirit of the child. They are an ideal peace resource, in part because they are readily accessible for all age levels. Books can be borrowed through…

  16. Effect of Pictures on Recall of Written Prose: How Durable Are Picture Effects?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anglin, Gary J.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews study of 30 graduate students that investigated the possible contribution of pictures to the recall and retention of information presented in written prose. The two variables considered were the durability of picture effects, and the effect on recall of information that was not pictured. (LRW)

  17. Optimizing Picture Activities for the Language Classroom: Picture Line-Up Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Ken

    1995-01-01

    The use of picture line-up activities, classroom exercises in which students must place a series of pictures in correct order, is discussed. The advantages of use of a picture series instead of simple pairs are examined, a basic activity is described, and ideas for implementation, adaptation, and follow-up are outlined. The basic activity uses…

  18. Recorded Music and Graphic Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterer, Irv

    1998-01-01

    Reviews the history of art as an element of music-recording packaging. Describes a project in which students design a jacket for either cassette or CD using a combination of computerized and traditional rendering techniques. Reports that students have been inspired to look into careers in graphic design. (DSK)

  19. A Poetics of Graphic Design?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Steve

    1994-01-01

    Proposes that the work of the French feminist writers Helene Cixous and Luce Irigaray could serve as the basis for devising a more imaginative form of critical writing that might help to draw the history and practice of graphic design into a closer and more purposeful relation. (SR)

  20. Graphic Communications. Career Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC. European Area.

    The curriculum guide is designed to provide students with realistic training in graphic communications theory and practice within the secondary educational framework and to prepare them for entry into an occupation or continuing postsecondary education. The program modules outlined in the guide have been grouped into four areas: printing,…

  1. Astronomy Simulation with Computer Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, William E.

    1982-01-01

    "Planetary Motion Simulations" is a system of programs designed for students to observe motions of a superior planet (one whose orbit lies outside the orbit of the earth). Programs run on the Apple II microcomputer and employ high-resolution graphics to present the motions of Saturn. (Author/JN)

  2. Using Graphics for Integrated Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pruisner, Peggy A. P.

    There is an emphasis on meaningmaking, problem solving, and discovery in contemporary educational settings--facts and concepts integrated into the curriculum by unifying themes that connect to real-world experiences. Using graphics to represent the thinking of students in learning and the thinking of teachers in integrated planning can be…

  3. Multi Platform Graphics Subroutine Library

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1992-02-21

    DIGLIB is a collection of general graphics subroutines. It was designed to be small, reasonably fast, device-independent, and compatible with DEC-supplied operating systems for VAXes, PDP-11s, and LSI-11s, and the DOS operating system for IBM PCs and IBM-compatible machines. The software is readily usable by casual programmers for two-dimensional plotting.

  4. COMPUTER SCIENCE 3710 Computer Graphics

    E-print Network

    Wismath, Stephen

    COMPUTER SCIENCE 3710 Computer Graphics Project - Ray Tracing Software Spring 2012 Due: Thursday Feb. 16 at midnight. Late Penalty: NO LATE PROJECTS ACCEPTED Use a software tool to produce a high: 1. a digital photo of your object. 2. a rendered version of the object with similar properties

  5. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES

    E-print Network

    Gu, Jinwei

    Chapter 14 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES Jie Zhou1 , David Zhang2 , Jinwei Gu1@comp.polyu.edu.hk; gujinwei98@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn; wunannan99@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn Abstract Fingerprint recognition is very important in automatic personal identification. In conventional fingerprint recognition algorithms

  6. Graphical Models MLSS 2010, Canberra

    E-print Network

    Sanner, Scott

    , H ,P: GMs can represent P(B,F,A,H,P) compactly Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal) with edges (note: graphical b/c graph properties CI) Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal=false ­ Want to know probability of B given evidence · Answer: evaluate P(B | H=true, P=false) Bubonic Plague

  7. How Big is Earth?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thurber, Bonnie B.

    2015-08-01

    How Big is Earth celebrates the Year of Light. Using only the sunlight striking the Earth and a wooden dowel, students meet each other and then measure the circumference of the earth. Eratosthenes did it over 2,000 years ago. In Cosmos, Carl Sagan shared the process by which Eratosthenes measured the angle of the shadow cast at local noon when sunlight strikes a stick positioned perpendicular to the ground. By comparing his measurement to another made a distance away, Eratosthenes was able to calculate the circumference of the earth. How Big is Earth provides an online learning environment where students do science the same way Eratosthenes did. A notable project in which this was done was The Eratosthenes Project, conducted in 2005 as part of the World Year of Physics; in fact, we will be drawing on the teacher's guide developed by that project.How Big Is Earth? expands on the Eratosthenes project by providing an online learning environment provided by the iCollaboratory, www.icollaboratory.org, where teachers and students from Sweden, China, Nepal, Russia, Morocco, and the United States collaborate, share data, and reflect on their learning of science and astronomy. They are sharing their information and discussing their ideas/brainstorming the solutions in a discussion forum. There is an ongoing database of student measurements and another database to collect data on both teacher and student learning from surveys, discussions, and self-reflection done online.We will share our research about the kinds of learning that takes place only in global collaborations.The entrance address for the iCollaboratory is http://www.icollaboratory.org.

  8. Knowledge Engineering with Big Data Xindong Wu ()

    E-print Network

    Wu, Xindong

    · Data mining: keep evolving J. Pei: Big Data Analytics 101 4 #12;Some comments on big data David Hand not just for Big Data Gregory Piatetsky, @kdnuggets Analytics, Big Data, Data Mining, and Data ScienceKnowledge Engineering with Big Data Xindong Wu () Department of Computer Science University

  9. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    1996-02-06

    In the first thousand seconds of its evolution the Universe was a primordial nuclear reactor synthesizing the nuclides D, $^3$He, $^4$He and $^7$Li. These messengers from the Big Bang provide a unique window on the early, hot, dense Universe, offering the opportunity for tests of the standard models of particle physics and of cosmology. A new, statistically coherent comparison of the primordial abundances of these nuclides inferred from increasingly accurate observational data with those predicted by the standard model hints at a possible crisis. The case for this emerging crisis is presented and several paths towards ameliorating it are explored.

  10. Big Tree Measurement and Scoring: Virginia Big Tree Program

    E-print Network

    Virginia Tech

    accurate for straight trees on flat ground. Tree Height 1 big tree point is awarded for each foot of tree://www.americanforests.org/bigtrees/ champion-tree-measuring-guidelines #12;Trunk Circumference A. B. C. D. A. For typical trees on flat ground Spread ¼ big tree point is awarded for each foot of crown spread #12;

  11. Children's picture interpretation: Appearance or intention?

    PubMed

    Armitage, Emma; Allen, Melissa L

    2015-09-01

    Pictures are defined by their creator's intentions and resemblance to their real world referents. Here we examine whether young children follow a realist route (e.g., focusing on how closely pictures resemble their referents) or intentional route (e.g., focusing on what a picture is intended to represent by its artist) when identifying a picture's referent. In 3 experiments, we contrasted an artist's intention with her picture's appearance to investigate children's use of appearance and intentional cues. In Experiment 1, children aged 3-4 and 5-6 years (N = 151) were presented with 4 trials of 3-object arrays (e.g., a pink duck, a blue duck, and a teddy). The experimenter photographed or drew 1 of the objects (e.g., blue duck), however, the subsequent picture depicted the referent in grayscale (black and white condition) or the color of its shape-matched object, for example, a pink duck (color change condition). Children were asked 3 questions regarding the identity of the pictures; responses were guided by intentional cues in the black and white condition, but appearance in the color change condition. Experiment 2 confirmed that appearance responses were not due to the artist's changing knowledge state. Experiment 3 replicated the results of Experiment 1 with adult participants. Together, these studies show that children and adults are neither strictly realist nor intentional route followers. They are realists until resemblance cues fail, at which point they defer to intentional cues. PMID:26192043

  12. Convergence Dynamics of Graphical Congestion Richard Southwell

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianwei

    , China. #12;2 Convergence Dynamics of Graphical Congestion Games keep performing asynchronous betterConvergence Dynamics of Graphical Congestion Games Richard Southwell§ , Yanjiao Chen , Jianwei, New Territories, Hong Kong Computer Science and Engineering Department, Hong Kong University

  13. Approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models

    E-print Network

    Malioutov, Dmitry M., 1981-

    2008-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models. A graphical model is a family of probability distributions in which the structure of interactions among the random variables is captured by a ...

  14. Guide to Graphics at ANL. Rev

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, R.M.; Hack, B.R.; Malon, D.M.

    1984-04-01

    Guide to Graphics at ANL is a general reference guide to doing graphics at Argonne. It should be used along with documents which describe the use of specific graphics software or operating systems. Guide to Graphics at ANL describes the current graphics environment at Argonne National Laboratory, including the hardware, the software, and the procedures needed to write and run programs that produce graphics at Argonne. While the majority of the material presented documents production of graphics on the central IBM computers, production of graphics on divisional VAX computers is also discussed. However, no attempt is made to cover in detail the hardware and software available on the divisional VAX computers. 48 references, 19 figures, 15 tables.

  15. Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology

    E-print Network

    Yuri I. Manin; Matilde Marcolli

    2014-07-09

    We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the "boundaries" of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point $x$. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to $x$ and possibly of the light cone of $x$. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from "the end of previous aeon" of the expanding and cooling Universe to the "beginning of the next aeon" is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

  16. Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manin, Yuri I.; Marcolli, Matilde

    2014-07-01

    We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the ''boundaries'' of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point x. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to x and possibly of the light cone of x. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from ''the end of previous aeon'' of the expanding and cooling Universe to the ''beginning of the next aeon'' is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

  17. General data base driven graphic animation system

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    Most attempts at the graphic animation of data involve rather large and expensive development of problem-specific systems. This paper discusses a general graphics animation system designed to be a tool for the development of a wide variety of animated simulations. By incorporating device-independent graphics procedures and using relational database storage of graphics and control information, considerable flexibility in the design and development of animated displays is achieved. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  18. Graphic Artist Location: Campus Recreation (Lee Hall)

    E-print Network

    Wenderholm, Elaine

    materials for Campus Recreation. · Use graphic design and marketing skills to create and produce digital as part of the interview process. · Experience in Graphic Design Courses is desirable. · ExperienceGraphic Artist Location: Campus Recreation (Lee Hall) Supervisors: Camus Recreation Director

  19. Narrative Problems of Graphic Design History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolin, Victor

    1994-01-01

    Discusses three major accounts (by Philip Meggs, Enric Satue and Richard Hollis) of graphic design history. Notes that these texts address the history of graphic design, but each raises questions about what material to include, as well as how graphic design is both related to and distinct from other visual practices such as typography, art…

  20. Nagesh Shinde Professor of Graphic Design,

    E-print Network

    Wu, Mingshen

    Nagesh Shinde Professor of Graphic Design, Department of Design, University of Wisconsin-Stout. shinden@uwstout.edu 651 497 4291 Education Master of Fine Arts in Graphic Design, with minor Taught Undergraduate- B.F.A DES- 220 Computer Imagery; DES- 360 Graphic Design I& II; DES- 410 Product

  1. Graphic Design Is Not a Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruber, John Edward, Jr.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses graphic design and reviews its development from analog processes to a digital tool with the use of computers. Topics include graphical user interfaces; the need for visual communication concepts; transmedia as opposed to repurposing; and graphic design instruction in higher education. (LRW)

  2. Interactive Graphic Design Using Automatic Presentation Knowledge

    E-print Network

    Derthick, Mark

    Interactive Graphic Design Using Automatic Presentation Knowledge Steven F. Roth, John Kolojejchick­based presentation system that automatically designs graphics and also interprets a user's specifications conveyed: design as a constructive process of selecting and arranging graphical elements, and design as a process

  3. Montana State University 1 Graphic Design Option -

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Graphic Design Option - B.F.A. Freshman Year Credits Fall Credits Fall Spring Advanced Graphic Design studio electives Choose one of the following: 5 GDSN 367 - Identity Systems GDSN 368 - Art Direction GDSN 369 - Publication Design GDSN 371 - Motion Graphics GDSN 372

  4. The International Big History Association

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Michael; Duffy, D'Neil

    2013-01-01

    IBHA, the International Big History Association, was organized in 2010 and "promotes the unified, interdisciplinary study and teaching of history of the Cosmos, Earth, Life, and Humanity." This is the vision that Montessori embraced long before the discoveries of modern science fleshed out the story of the evolving universe. "Big History" is a…

  5. MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA

    E-print Network

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    1 MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA TO SMART DATA: Using data to drive personalized brand January 22, 2014 ABSTRACT This white paper looks at Big Data from the marketing perspective, running through the opportunities and risks of data-driven market targeting, analytics, quantitative performance

  6. The Big Read: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Endowment for the Arts, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Big Read evaluation included a series of 35 case studies designed to gather more in-depth information on the program's implementation and impact. The case studies gave readers a valuable first-hand look at The Big Read in context. Both formal and informal interviews, focus groups, attendance at a wide range of events--all showed how…

  7. Using Picture Books to Support Young Children's Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strasser, Janis; Seplocha, Holly

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the importance of using picture books to support young children's literacy. A picture book is different from a children's book, because it contains illustrations. In a picture book, both the picture and text are equally important. The text and illustrations of high-quality picture books weave rich stories that can excite and…

  8. 77 FR 65582 - Quad Graphics, Inc., Including Workers Whose Wages Were Reported Under Quad Graphics Printing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... Quad Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics Services, Effingham, IL; Amended Certification... wages reported under Quad Graphics, Inc., Quad Graphics Printing Corp., and Quad Logistics Services. The... Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics Services (TA-W-73,441H), who became totally or...

  9. Graphic Presentation: An Empirical Examination of the Graphic Novel Approach to Communicate Business Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Jeremy C.; Randolph-Seng, Brandon; McKenny, Aaron F.

    2013-01-01

    Graphic novels have been increasingly incorporated into business communication forums. Despite potential benefits, little research has examined the merits of the graphic novel approach. In response, we engage in a two-study approach. Study 1 explores the potential of graphic novels to affect learning outcomes and finds that the graphic novel was…

  10. Measuring Cognitive Load in Test Items: Static Graphics versus Animated Graphics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dindar, M.; Kabakçi Yurdakul, I.; Inan Dönmez, F.

    2015-01-01

    The majority of multimedia learning studies focus on the use of graphics in learning process but very few of them examine the role of graphics in testing students' knowledge. This study investigates the use of static graphics versus animated graphics in a computer-based English achievement test from a cognitive load theory perspective. Three…

  11. Image reproduction with interactive graphics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buckner, J. D.; Council, H. W.; Edwards, T. R.

    1974-01-01

    Software application or development in optical image digital data processing requires a fast, good quality, yet inexpensive hard copy of processed images. To achieve this, a Cambo camera with an f 2.8/150-mm Xenotar lens in a Copal shutter having a Graflok back for 4 x 5 Polaroid type 57 pack-film has been interfaced to an existing Adage, AGT-30/Electro-Mechanical Research, EMR 6050 graphic computer system. Time-lapse photography in conjunction with a log to linear voltage transformation has resulted in an interactive system capable of producing a hard copy in 54 sec. The interactive aspect of the system lies in a Tektronix 4002 graphic computer terminal and its associated hard copy unit.

  12. Representing Learning With Graphical Models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buntine, Wray L.; Lum, Henry, Jr. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Probabilistic graphical models are being used widely in artificial intelligence, for instance, in diagnosis and expert systems, as a unified qualitative and quantitative framework for representing and reasoning with probabilities and independencies. Their development and use spans several fields including artificial intelligence, decision theory and statistics, and provides an important bridge between these communities. This paper shows by way of example that these models can be extended to machine learning, neural networks and knowledge discovery by representing the notion of a sample on the graphical model. Not only does this allow a flexible variety of learning problems to be represented, it also provides the means for representing the goal of learning and opens the way for the automatic development of learning algorithms from specifications.

  13. Graphics applications utilizing parallel processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, John R.

    1990-01-01

    The results are presented of research conducted to develop a parallel graphic application algorithm to depict the numerical solution of the 1-D wave equation, the vibrating string. The research was conducted on a Flexible Flex/32 multiprocessor and a Sequent Balance 21000 multiprocessor. The wave equation is implemented using the finite difference method. The synchronization issues that arose from the parallel implementation and the strategies used to alleviate the effects of the synchronization overhead are discussed.

  14. Does your ad have too many pictures?

    E-print Network

    Singh, Surendra N.; Lessig, V. Parker; Kim, Dongwook; Gupta, R.; Hocutt, M. A.

    2000-01-01

    This paper reports findings from a study that evaluates the effectiveness of longer print advertisements-the advertisements with a low copy-picture ratio (i.e., primarily pictorial advertisements or PPAs). Move specifically, the effectiveness of a...

  15. Picture Detection in RSVP: Features or Identity?

    E-print Network

    Potter, Mary C.

    A pictured object can be readily detected in a rapid serial visual presentation sequence when the target is specified by a superordinate category name such as animal or vehicle. Are category features the initial basis for ...

  16. Gender stereotypes in Canadian picture books 

    E-print Network

    Berthelot, Jennifer Gail

    1997-01-01

    This research sought to quantify gender representation in a sample of award winning Canadian picture books. A reliable content analysis was used to collect data pertaining to the visibility of genders in titles, main roles, ...

  17. Primed for Patron-Driven Acquisition: A Look at the Big Picture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dahl, Candice

    2012-01-01

    The development of patron-driven acquisition (PDA) as a viable collections practice is encouraging many academic libraries to be proactive about sharing significant collection development responsibilities with their patrons. The adoption of PDA represents a challenge to some long-held understandings about libraries and collections, however, and…

  18. The Big Picture: Britain and China and the future of capitalism

    E-print Network

    Cockshott, W. Paul

    an aristocracy of skilled artisans. The dynamic interaction of industrial capital and the banks polarises capital of domestic servants. With so much going on luxury consumption less was left for investment. The late Victorian rate of investment was low. Typically, less than 15% of profit was reinvested in new plant

  19. Putting Ourselves in the Big Picture: A Sustainable Approach to Project Management for e-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchan, Janet

    2010-01-01

    In a case study of a large Australian university the metaphor of panarchy is used as a means of describing and understanding the complex interrelationships of multi-scale institutional projects and the influences of a variety factors on the potential success of e-learning initiatives. The concept of para-analysis is introduced as a management…

  20. The big picture: effects of surround on immersion and size perception.

    PubMed

    Baranowski, Andreas M; Hecht, Heiko

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fear of the entertainment industry that illegal downloads of films might ruin their business, going to the movies continues to be a popular leisure activity. One reason why people prefer to watch movies in cinemas may be the surround of the movie screen or its physically huge size. To disentangle the factors that might contribute to the size impression, we tested several measures of subjective size and immersion in different viewing environments. For this purpose we built a model cinema that provided visual angle information comparable with that of a real cinema. Subjects watched identical movie clips in a real cinema, a model cinema, and on a display monitor in isolation. Whereas the isolated display monitor was inferior, the addition of a contextual model improved the viewing immersion to the extent that it was comparable with the movie theater experience, provided the viewing angle remained the same. In a further study we built an identical but even smaller model cinema to unconfound visual angle and viewing distance. Both model cinemas produced similar results. There was a trend for the larger screen to be more immersive; however, viewing angle did not play a role in how the movie was evaluated. PMID:25509683

  1. Seeing the Big Picture: Size Perception Is More Context Sensitive in the Presence of Others.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Fernandes, Alexandre; Prada, Marília; Fonseca, Ricardo; Hagá, Sara

    2015-01-01

    This paper tests the hypothesis that social presence influences size perception by increasing context sensitivity. Consistent with Allport's prediction, we expected to find greater context sensitivity in participants who perform a visual task in the presence of other people (i.e., in co-action) than in participants who perform the task in isolation. Supporting this hypothesis, participants performing an Ebbinghaus illusion-based task in co-action showed greater size illusions than those performing the task in isolation. Specifically, participants in a social context had greater difficulty perceiving the correct size of a target circle and ignoring its surroundings. Analyses of delta plot functions suggest a mechanism of interference monitoring, since that when individuals take longer to respond, they are better able to ignore the surrounding circles. However, this type of monitoring interference was not moderated by social presence. We discuss how this lack of moderation might be the reason why the impact of social presence on context sensitivity is able to be detected in tasks such as the Ebbinghaus illusion. PMID:26562518

  2. Getting Focused without Cropping the Big Picture: The System Office in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hom, Willard C.

    2010-01-01

    This chapter describes the system office for community college institutional research in California. As the system IR office for the largest community college system in the nation, it is often looked to as a leader for other states and community college IR systems. The author notes the office's administrative environment, its staffing and…

  3. Thinking Big Picture: Meeting the Needs of Researchers in Northern Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamtora, Jayshree

    2011-01-01

    Due to the increase in research activity at Charles Darwin University in recent years, the Library created the position of Research Services Coordinator to meet researcher needs. Eighteen months after the new staff member was in place, an online survey was carried out to gauge the success of the new services and resources provided, and thereby…

  4. The Big Money Question: Action Research Projects Give District a Clear Picture of Professional Learning's Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dill-Varga, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    How do districts know if the resources they have allocated to support professional learning in their school district are actually improving the quality of teaching and impacting student performance? In an increasingly challenging financial environment, this is important to know. In this article, a Chicago-area district facing a budget deficit…

  5. Ice Sheets from Space: The Big Picture View (Louis Agassiz Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joughin, I. R.

    2012-04-01

    Instead of heroic efforts to acquire a few dozen field-based measurements of ice-flow velocity at some of the Earth's most remote locations, computer servers now crunch satellite data to spew out millions of measurements, providing a whole new perspective on how ice sheets function. Prior to such observations, outlet glaciers and ice streams were perceived to respond slowly to climate change, with little change at timescales of months to decades. While some glaciers flow at steady rates, a remarkable number have responded to recent warming with large variations in speed over periods as short as seconds. A wide variety of behavior is observed with some glaciers steadily gaining speed, others accelerating and then leveling off, and a handful varying substantially with no clear trend. While in the minority, a few glaciers have steadily decelerated over the last decade. As examples ofrecent change, two of the most rapidly changing glaciers are examined: Jakobshavn Isbrae in Greenland and Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica. In addition to documenting the dramatic changes on these glaciers, satellite observations provide important new spatio-temporal data sets with which to understand such change, particularly when used in conjunction with ice sheet models. Although models constrained by these data reveal that ice-shelf buttressing is an important control on ice-sheet flow, the actual speedups are a complex response to the loss of buttressing, involving several other feedbacks that contribute to the acceleration.Although satellite observations have produced tremendous progress in understanding ice sheets, so far these data have raised more questions than they have answered. The contribution that ice dynamics will make to future sea level remains poorly understood and remains a grand challenge for glaciology. The ongoing record of spaceborne measurements is and will remain a key component in addressing this challenge.

  6. Understand the Big Picture So You Can Plan for Network Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervone, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses network security for libraries. It indicates that there were only six exploit (security exposure) problems, worldwide, reported to the CERT Coordination Center back in 1988. In that year, the CERT had just been established to provide a clearinghouse for exchanging information about network security problems. By 2003, the…

  7. How relevant is opportunistic Bd sampling: are we ready for the big picture?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Muths, Erin; Pedersen, Britt Spurre; Pedersen, Finn Spurre

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the distribution of chytridiomycosis, both at global and local scales, is important to controlling its impacts on host species (e.g., biocontrol or eradication) and to managing host amphibian populations (e.g., reintroduction and habitat management). In response to this, efforts to map observations of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) are underway to better understand its distribution and impact on amphibian populations (e.g., www.spatialepidemiology.net/Bd).

  8. Alcoholism: Social as Well as Psycho-Medical Problem--The Missing "Big Picture."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikelly, Arthur G.

    1994-01-01

    Contends that alcohol educators and researchers focus on group influences and stress individual responsibility to curtail alcohol abuse, ignoring invisible economic, political, and social parameters that promote lucrative industry of alcohol production and consumption. Proposes that economic and political interventions take precedence over…

  9. The Big Picture of Individual Differences in Physical Activity Behavior Change: A Transdisciplinary Approach

    PubMed Central

    Nilsson, Renea; Tompkins, Sara Anne; Magnan, Renee E.; Marcus, Bess H.; Hutchison, Kent E.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this research is to utilize a transdisciplinary framework to guide the selection of putative moderators of the effectiveness of an intervention to promote physical activity behavior adoption and maintenance in the context of a randomized controlled intervention trial. Effective interventions to increase physical activity are sorely needed, and one barrier to the identification and development of such interventions is the lack of research targeted at understanding both the mechanisms of intervention efficacy and for whom particular interventions are effective. The purpose of this paper is to outline our transdisciplinary approach to understanding individual differences in the effectiveness of a previously successful exercise promotion intervention. We explain the rationale for and operationalization of our framework, characteristics of the study to which we apply the framework, and planned analyses. By embracing a transdisciplinary orientation for individual differences important in the prediction of physical activity (spanning molecular approaches, animal models, human laboratory models, and social psychological models), we hope to have a better understanding of characteristics of individuals that are important in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity. PMID:21278837

  10. Big Picture Photo courtesy of Steve Shapiro-Commercial Image Photography

    E-print Network

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) and its Albany NanoTech Complex attracted both national attention cells. Smith plans to continue her graduate studies at CNSE after earning her bachelor's degree. Bakhru

  11. The Big Picture: A Meta-Analysis of Program Effectiveness Research on English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rolstad, Kellie; Mahoney, Kate; Glass, Gene V.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a meta-analysis of program effectiveness research on English language learners. The study includes a corpus of 17 studies conducted since Willig's earlier meta-analysis and uses Glass, McGaw, and Smith's strategy of including as many studies as possible in the analysis rather than excluding some on the basis of a priori…

  12. Seeing the Big Picture: Size Perception Is More Context Sensitive in the Presence of Others

    PubMed Central

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Fernandes, Alexandre; Prada, Marília; Fonseca, Ricardo; Hagá, Sara

    2015-01-01

    This paper tests the hypothesis that social presence influences size perception by increasing context sensitivity. Consistent with Allport’s prediction, we expected to find greater context sensitivity in participants who perform a visual task in the presence of other people (i.e., in co-action) than in participants who perform the task in isolation. Supporting this hypothesis, participants performing an Ebbinghaus illusion-based task in co-action showed greater size illusions than those performing the task in isolation. Specifically, participants in a social context had greater difficulty perceiving the correct size of a target circle and ignoring its surroundings. Analyses of delta plot functions suggest a mechanism of interference monitoring, since that when individuals take longer to respond, they are better able to ignore the surrounding circles. However, this type of monitoring interference was not moderated by social presence. We discuss how this lack of moderation might be the reason why the impact of social presence on context sensitivity is able to be detected in tasks such as the Ebbinghaus illusion. PMID:26562518

  13. Trends for Distance Education: Getting the Big Picture for the Coming Decade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doughty, Venita; Rusnak, Barbara; Dunlap, Joanna; Shank, Patti; Parrish, Patrick; Wilson, Brent

    A number of educational and societal trends are analyzed for their potential impact on the practice of distance education. The trends reflect the various ideologies and values currently found within professional communities and publics at large. How the various trends push and pull in different directions, and how they may lead to alternative…

  14. Curriculum Development Based on the Big Picture Assessment of the Mechanical Engineering Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabri, Mohd Anas Mohd; Khamis, Nor Kamaliana; Tahir, Mohd Faizal Mat; Wahid, Zaliha; Kamal, Ahmad; Ihsan, Ariffin Mohd; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Abdullah, Shahrum

    2013-01-01

    One of the major concerns of the Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) is the need for an effective monitoring and evaluation of program outcome domains that can be associated with courses taught under the Mechanical Engineering program. However, an effective monitoring method that can determine the results of each program outcome using Bloom's…

  15. NOW SHOWING! The Big Picture -- Putting the SCR Sample in Context

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winters, Jennifer G.; Henry, T. J.; Subasavage, J. P.; Jao, W.; Finch, C. T.; Hambly, N. C.; RECONS Team

    2009-01-01

    Numerous white, red, and brown dwarfs are being discovered in the solar neighborhood by a number of groups using proper motion and photometric surveys, literature trawls, and parallax programs. Through a combination of novel searches for previously unidentified nearby stars and comprehensive assessments of previous survey work, the RECONS group has been one of the most productive programs in discovering the Sun's neighbors, in particular those in the southern hemisphere. Searches utilizing the SuperCOSMOS electronic archives of photographic plates have proven to be a successful discovery method for our team, yielding 108 red dwarf SCR (SuperCOSMOS RECONS) systems. Distance estimates are first made using plate photometry combined with 2MASS JHK data to assess proximity. Promising targets within 25 pc are then observed for VRI photometry, which is also combined with 2MASS JHK data to improve the distance estimates (average errors only 15%). To date, 75% of those originally predicted to be nearer than 25 pc using the photographic magnitudes remain within that horizon using the more accurate CCD photometry. Stars within 15 pc are then targeted for trigonometric parallaxes as part of the long-term CTIO Parallax Investigation carried out at the CTIO 0.9m. These new nearby systems bolster the statistics needed to understand the true population of stars near the Sun, as well as providing compelling binaries for objects with masses near the end of the stellar main sequence. Our discoveries constitute a significant contribution to the existing solar community and move us closer to a comprehensive census of the solar neighborhood. This work is supported by NSF grant AST 05-07711, NASA's Space Interferometry Mission, the SMARTS Consortium, and Georgia State University.

  16. Financial ratios: clues to the big picture of a hospital's fiscal health.

    PubMed

    Taylor, R B

    1990-03-01

    With trustees, investors, regulatory agencies, and others paying close attention to hospital finances, healthcare financial managers must detect problems before they grow out of control. Liquidity, capital structure, activity, and profitability ratios can provide pieces to the puzzle. PMID:10104148

  17. Graphical Language for Data Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alphonso, Keith

    2011-01-01

    A graphical language for processing data allows processing elements to be connected with virtual wires that represent data flows between processing modules. The processing of complex data, such as lidar data, requires many different algorithms to be applied. The purpose of this innovation is to automate the processing of complex data, such as LIDAR, without the need for complex scripting and programming languages. The system consists of a set of user-interface components that allow the user to drag and drop various algorithmic and processing components onto a process graph. By working graphically, the user can completely visualize the process flow and create complex diagrams. This innovation supports the nesting of graphs, such that a graph can be included in another graph as a single step for processing. In addition to the user interface components, the system includes a set of .NET classes that represent the graph internally. These classes provide the internal system representation of the graphical user interface. The system includes a graph execution component that reads the internal representation of the graph (as described above) and executes that graph. The execution of the graph follows the interpreted model of execution in that each node is traversed and executed from the original internal representation. In addition, there are components that allow external code elements, such as algorithms, to be easily integrated into the system, thus making the system infinitely expandable.

  18. Pictorial communication: Pictures and the synthetic universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ellis, Stephen R.

    1989-01-01

    Principles for the design of dynamic spatial instruments for communicating quantitative information to viewers are considered through a brief review of the history of pictorial communication. Pictorial communication is seen to have two directions: (1) from the picture to the viewer; and (2) from the viewer to the picture. Optimization of the design of interactive instruments using pictorial formats requires an understanding of the manipulative, perceptual, and cognitive limitations of human viewers.

  19. Impaired picture recognition in transient epileptic amnesia.

    PubMed

    Dewar, Michaela; Hoefeijzers, Serge; Zeman, Adam; Butler, Christopher; Della Sala, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is an epileptic syndrome characterized by recurrent, brief episodes of amnesia. Transient epileptic amnesia is often associated with the rapid decline in recall of new information over hours to days (accelerated long-term forgetting - 'ALF'). It remains unknown how recognition memory is affected in TEA over time. Here, we report a systematic study of picture recognition in patients with TEA over the course of one week. Sixteen patients with TEA and 16 matched controls were presented with 300 photos of everyday life scenes. Yes/no picture recognition was tested 5min, 2.5h, 7.5h, 24h, and 1week after picture presentation using a subset of target pictures as well as similar and different foils. Picture recognition was impaired in the patient group at all test times, including the 5-minute test, but it declined normally over the course of 1week. This impairment was associated predominantly with an increased false alarm rate, especially for similar foils. High performance on a control test indicates that this impairment was not associated with perceptual or discrimination deficits. Our findings suggest that, at least in some TEA patients with ALF in verbal recall, picture recognition does not decline more rapidly than in controls over 1week. However, our findings of an early picture recognition deficit suggest that new visual memories are impoverished after minutes in TEA. This could be the result of deficient encoding or impaired early consolidation. The early picture recognition deficit observed could reflect either the early stages of the process that leads to ALF or a separable deficit of anterograde memory in TEA. Lastly, our study suggests that at least some patients with TEA are prone to falsely recognizing new everyday visual information that they have not in fact seen previously. This deficit, alongside their ALF in free recall, likely affects everyday memory performance. PMID:25506793

  20. Mesoscale wake clouds in Skylab pictures.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fujita, T. T.; Tecson, J. J.

    1974-01-01

    The recognition of cloud patterns formed in the wake of orographic obstacles was investigated using pictures from Skylab, for the purpose of estimating atmospheric motions. The existence of ship-wake-type wave clouds in contrast to vortex sheets were revealed during examination of the pictures, and an attempt was made to characterize the pattern of waves as well as the transition between waves and vortices. Examples of mesoscale cloud patterns which were analyzed photogrammetrically and meteorologically are presented.

  1. Examining Lateralized Semantic Access Using Pictures

    PubMed Central

    Lovseth, Kyle; Atchley, Ruth Ann

    2009-01-01

    A divided visual field (DVF) experiment examined the semantic processing strategies employed by the cerebral hemispheres to determine if strategies observed with written word stimuli generalize to other media for communicating semantic information. We employed picture stimuli and vary the degree of semantic relatedness between the picture pairs. Participants made an on-line semantic relatedness judgment in response to sequentially presented pictures. We found that when pictures are presented to the right hemisphere responses are generally more accurate than the left hemisphere for semantic relatedness judgments for picture pairs. Furthermore, consistent with earlier DVF studies employing words, we conclude that the RH is better at accessing or maintaining access to information that has a weak or more remote semantic relationship. We also found evidence of faster access for pictures presented to the LH in the strongly-related condition. Overall, these results are consistent with earlier DVF word studies that argue that the cerebral hemispheres each play an important and separable role during semantic retrieval. PMID:19846248

  2. Big Bounce Genesis

    E-print Network

    Changhong Li; Robert H. Brandenberger; Yeuk-Kwan E. Cheung

    2014-04-17

    We report on the possibility to use dark matter particle's mass and its cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a Big Bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the pre-bounce contraction and the post-bounce expansion epochs of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance of our present universe, in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter with a smaller cross section -- as compared to the prediction of Standard Cosmology -- is produced and carries the information about the bounce universe evolution. Once the values of dark matter mass and cross section are obtained by direct detection in laboratories, this alternative route becomes a signature of the bounce universe scenario.

  3. Big Bounce Genesis

    E-print Network

    Li, Changhong; Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E

    2014-01-01

    We report on the possibility to use dark matter mass and its interaction cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a big bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the contraction and expansion phases of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter--compared to the standard cosmology--is produced and survives until today, diluted only by the cosmic expansion since the radiation dominated era. Once DM mass and its interaction strength with ordinary matter are determined by experiments, this alternative route becomes a signature of the bounce universe scenario.

  4. Big-bounce genesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Changhong; Brandenberger, Robert H.; Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.

    2014-12-01

    We report on the possibility of using dark matter particle's mass and its interaction cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a big bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the pre-bounce contraction and the post-bounce expansion epochs of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance of our present universe, in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter with a smaller cross section—as compared to the prediction of standard cosmology—is produced and the information about the bounce universe evolution is preserved by the out-of-thermal-equilibrium process. Once the value of dark matter mass and interaction cross section are obtained by direct detection in laboratories, this alternative route becomes a signature prediction of the bounce universe scenario.

  5. A matrix big bang

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craps, Ben; Sethi, Savdeep; Verlinde, Erik

    2005-10-01

    The light-like linear dilaton background represents a particularly simple time-dependent 1/2 BPS solution of critical type-IIA superstring theory in ten dimensions. Its lift to M-theory, as well as its Einstein frame metric, are singular in the sense that the geometry is geodesically incomplete and the Riemann tensor diverges along a light-like subspace of codimension one. We study this background as a model for a big bang type singularity in string theory/M-theory. We construct the dual Matrix theory description in terms of a (1+1)-d supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on a time-dependent world-sheet given by the Milne orbifold of (1+1)-d Minkowski space. Our model provides a framework in which the physics of the singularity appears to be under control.

  6. Predicting Big Bang deuterium

    E-print Network

    Hata, N; Steigman, G; Thomas, D; Walker, T P; Hata, N; Scherrer, R J; Steigman, G; Thomas, D; Walker, T P

    1994-01-01

    We present new upper and lower bounds to the primordial abundances of deuterium and helium-3 based on observational data from the solar system and the interstellar medium. Independent of any model for the primordial production of the elements we find: 1.5 \\times 10^{-5} \\le (D/H)_P \\le 5.5 \\times 10^{-5} and (^3He/H)_P \\le 1.7\\times 10^{-5}. When combined with the predictions of standard big bang nucleosynthesis, these constraints lead to a ``best fit'' prediction for the primordial abundance of deuterium: (D/H)_{best} = (2.3^{+1.7}_{-0.8})\\times 10^{-5}. Measurements of deuterium absorption in the spectra of high redshift QSOs will directly test this prediction. The implications of this prediction for the primordial abundances of helium-4 and lithium-7 are discussed, as well as those for the universal density of baryons.

  7. Weather information network including graphical display

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leger, Daniel R. (Inventor); Burdon, David (Inventor); Son, Robert S. (Inventor); Martin, Kevin D. (Inventor); Harrison, John (Inventor); Hughes, Keith R. (Inventor)

    2006-01-01

    An apparatus for providing weather information onboard an aircraft includes a processor unit and a graphical user interface. The processor unit processes weather information after it is received onboard the aircraft from a ground-based source, and the graphical user interface provides a graphical presentation of the weather information to a user onboard the aircraft. Preferably, the graphical user interface includes one or more user-selectable options for graphically displaying at least one of convection information, turbulence information, icing information, weather satellite information, SIGMET information, significant weather prognosis information, and winds aloft information.

  8. M Theory Model of a Big Crunch/Big Bang Transition

    E-print Network

    Neil Turok; Malcolm Perry; Paul J. Steinhardt

    2004-08-10

    We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant non-relativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that $p$-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly and unambiguously across the orbifold plane collision. In particular we calculate the quantum mechanical production of winding M2-branes extending from one orbifold to the other. We find that the resulting density is finite and that the resulting gravitational back-reaction is small. These winding states, which include the string theory graviton, can be propagated smoothly across the transition using a perturbative expansion in the membrane tension, an expansion which from the point of view of string theory is an expansion in {\\it inverse} powers of $\\alpha'$. We argue that interactions should be well-behaved because the string coupling tends to zero at the crunch. The production of massive Kaluza-Klein states should also be exponentially suppressed for small collision speeds. We contrast this good behavior with that found in previous studies of strings in Lorentzian orbifolds.

  9. Big bang and big crunch in matrix string theory

    SciTech Connect

    Bedford, J.; Ward, J.; Papageorgakis, C.; Rodriguez-Gomez, D.

    2007-04-15

    Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null cosmologies with a big bang in terms of matrix string theory put forward by Craps, Sethi, and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a universe including both big bang and big crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using matrix string theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed universe.

  10. Problem of Polar Solvation (Born vs Onsager Picture)

    E-print Network

    Matyushov, Dmitry

    Problem of Polar Solvation (Born vs Onsager Picture) Telluride, July 19, 2004 #12;Born Model (1920 (numerical) Born picture is a part of Onsager (Poisson equation) picture #12;Experiment hst=-solvsolv el hst

  11. 78 FR 57570 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, Illinois

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ...RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, Illinois AGENCY...enforce the temporary safety zone for motion picture filming in Calumet Harbor, Chicago...waters during nighttime filming of a motion picture in Calumet Harbor. During the...

  12. Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog: Sequence design and picture coverage, volume 2, addendum 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koskela, P. E.

    1973-01-01

    This addendum to the Mariner Mars 1971 Television Picture Catalog, Volume 2 (for abstract, see N73-20850) contains data for the Mariner 9 TV pictures taken after Rev 262. Some of the data presented in Volume 2 is brought up to date. The new provisional mapping pole is discussed, and tables provide the latitude and longitude with respect to the new pole, prime meridian, and rotation rate for the centerpoints of all the Mariner 9 TV pictures.

  13. Consideration of vision and picture quality: psychological effects induced by picture sharpness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusaka, Hideo

    1989-08-01

    A psychological hierarchy model of human vision(1)(2) suggests that the visual signals are processed in a serial manner from lower to higher stages: that is "sensation" - "perception" - "emotion." For designing a future television system, it is important to find out what kinds of physical factors affect the "emotion" experienced by an observer in front of the display. This paper describes the psychological effects induced by the sharpness of the picture. The subjective picture quality was evaluated for the same pictures with five different levels of sharpness. The experiment was performed on two kinds of printed pictures: (A) a woman's face, and (B) a town corner. From these experiments, it was found that the amount of high-frequency peaking (physical value of the sharpness) which psychologically gives the best picture quality, differs between pictures (A) and (B). That is, the optimum picture sharpness differs depending on the picture content. From these results, we have concluded that the psychophysical sharpness of the picture is not only determined at the stage of "perception" (e.g., resolution or signal to noise ratio, which everyone can judge immediately), but also at the stage of "emotion" (e.g., sensation of reality or beauty).

  14. BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Submitted to Provost Hexter

    E-print Network

    Ullrich, Paul

    ................................................................................................................................................................16 1. Big Data Analytics Training for Postdoctoral Fellows, Staff, and FacultyBIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT Submitted to Provost Hexter February 22, 2013 #12..................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Big Data, Big Challenges, Big Opportunities

  15. Sailing through the big crunch-big bang transition

    E-print Network

    Itzhak Bars; Paul Steinhardt; Neil Turok

    2014-02-01

    In a recent series of papers, we have shown that theories with scalar fields coupled to gravity (e.g., the standard model) can be lifted to a Weyl-invariant equivalent theory in which it is possible to unambiguously trace the classical cosmological evolution through the transition from big crunch to big bang. The key was identifying a sufficient number of finite, Weyl-invariant conserved quantities to uniquely match the fundamental cosmological degrees of freedom across the transition. In so doing we had to account for the well-known fact that many Weyl-invariant quantities diverge at the crunch and bang. Recently, some authors rediscovered a few of these divergences and concluded based on their existence alone that the theories cannot be geodesically complete. In this note, we show that this conclusion is invalid. Using conserved quantities we explicitly construct the complete set of geodesics and show that they pass continuously through the big crunch-big bang transition.

  16. Big Data and Ambulatory Care

    PubMed Central

    Thorpe, Jane Hyatt; Gray, Elizabeth Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Big data is heralded as having the potential to revolutionize health care by making large amounts of data available to support care delivery, population health, and patient engagement. Critics argue that big data's transformative potential is inhibited by privacy requirements that restrict health information exchange. However, there are a variety of permissible activities involving use and disclosure of patient information that support care delivery and management. This article presents an overview of the legal framework governing health information, dispels misconceptions about privacy regulations, and highlights how ambulatory care providers in particular can maximize the utility of big data to improve care. PMID:25401945

  17. Homogeneous and isotropic big rips?

    SciTech Connect

    Giovannini, Massimo

    2005-10-15

    We investigate the way big rips are approached in a fully inhomogeneous description of the space-time geometry. If the pressure and energy densities are connected by a (supernegative) barotropic index, the spatial gradients and the anisotropic expansion decay as the big rip is approached. This behavior is contrasted with the usual big-bang singularities. A similar analysis is performed in the case of sudden (quiescent) singularities and it is argued that the spatial gradients may well be non-negligible in the vicinity of pressure singularities.

  18. Big climate data analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mudelsee, Manfred

    2015-04-01

    The Big Data era has begun also in the climate sciences, not only in economics or molecular biology. We measure climate at increasing spatial resolution by means of satellites and look farther back in time at increasing temporal resolution by means of natural archives and proxy data. We use powerful supercomputers to run climate models. The model output of the calculations made for the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report amounts to ~650 TB. The 'scientific evolution' of grid computing has started, and the 'scientific revolution' of quantum computing is being prepared. This will increase computing power, and data amount, by several orders of magnitude in the future. However, more data does not automatically mean more knowledge. We need statisticians, who are at the core of transforming data into knowledge. Statisticians notably also explore the limits of our knowledge (uncertainties, that is, confidence intervals and P-values). Mudelsee (2014 Climate Time Series Analysis: Classical Statistical and Bootstrap Methods. Second edition. Springer, Cham, xxxii + 454 pp.) coined the term 'optimal estimation'. Consider the hyperspace of climate estimation. It has many, but not infinite, dimensions. It consists of the three subspaces Monte Carlo design, method and measure. The Monte Carlo design describes the data generating process. The method subspace describes the estimation and confidence interval construction. The measure subspace describes how to detect the optimal estimation method for the Monte Carlo experiment. The envisaged large increase in computing power may bring the following idea of optimal climate estimation into existence. Given a data sample, some prior information (e.g. measurement standard errors) and a set of questions (parameters to be estimated), the first task is simple: perform an initial estimation on basis of existing knowledge and experience with such types of estimation problems. The second task requires the computing power: explore the hyperspace to find the suitable method, that is, the mode of estimation and uncertainty-measure determination that optimizes a selected measure for prescribed values close to the initial estimates. Also here, intelligent exploration methods (gradient, Brent, etc.) are useful. The third task is to apply the optimal estimation method to the climate dataset. This conference paper illustrates by means of three examples that optimal estimation has the potential to shape future big climate data analysis. First, we consider various hypothesis tests to study whether climate extremes are increasing in their occurrence. Second, we compare Pearson's and Spearman's correlation measures. Third, we introduce a novel estimator of the tail index, which helps to better quantify climate-change related risks.

  19. Graphical programming at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect

    McDonald, M.J.; Palmquist, R.D.; Desjarlais, L.

    1993-09-01

    Sandia has developed an advanced operational control system approach, called Graphical Programming, to design, program, and operate robotic systems. The Graphical Programming approach produces robot systems that are faster to develop and use, safer in operation, and cheaper overall than altemative teleoperation or autonomous robot control systems. Graphical Programming also provides an efficient and easy-to-use interface to traditional robot systems for use in setup and programming tasks. This paper provides an overview of the Graphical Programming approach and lists key features of Graphical Programming systems. Graphical Programming uses 3-D visualization and simulation software with intuitive operator interfaces for the programming and control of complex robotic systems. Graphical Programming Supervisor software modules allow an operator to command and simulate complex tasks in a graphic preview mode and, when acceptable, command the actual robots and monitor their motions with the graphic system. Graphical Programming Supervisors maintain registration with the real world and allow the robot to perform tasks that cannot be accurately represented with models alone by using a combination of model and sensor-based control.

  20. Superstring field theory in the democratic picture

    E-print Network

    Michael Kroyter

    2010-11-04

    We present a new open superstring field theory, whose string fields carry an arbitrary picture number and reside in the large Hilbert space. The redundancy related to picture number is resolved by treating picture changing as a gauge transformation. A mid-point insertion is imperative for this formalism. We find that this mid-point insertion must include all multi-picture changing operators. It is also proven that this insertion as well as all the multi-picture changing operators are zero weight conformal primaries. This new theory solves the problems with the Ramond sector shared by other RNS string field theories, while naturally unifying the NS and Ramond string fields. When partially gauge fixed, it reduces in the NS sector to the modified cubic superstring field theory. Hence, it shares all the good properties of this theory, e.g., it has analytical vacuum and marginal deformation solutions. Treating the redundant gauge symmetry using the BV formalism is straightforward and results in a cubic action with a single string field, whose quantum numbers are unconstrained. The generalization to an arbitrary brane system is simple and includes the standard Chan-Paton factors and the most general string field consistent with the brane system.

  1. Big Learning with Graphs Joseph Gonzalez

    E-print Network

    McAuliffe, Jon

    Big Learning with Graphs Joseph Gonzalez jegonzal@cs.cmu.edu Yucheng Low Billion Flickr Photos The Age of Big Data 2 "... data a new class;3 Big Data Big Graphs #12;Social Media · Graphs encode rela6onships between

  2. Midwest Big Data Hub Edward Seidel

    E-print Network

    Midwest Big Data Hub Edward Seidel Director, NCSA Founder Prof. of Physics, Prof of Astronomy On behalf of the Midwest Big Data Hub 1 #12;Data in this new world? #12;Big Data vs The Long Tail of Science · Many "Big Data" projects are "special" · Highly

  3. Physics: the big black box Mirror conjecture

    E-print Network

    Cavalieri, Renzo

    Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture A look into the mirror (I) an overview of Mirror Symmetry #12;Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture Outline 1 Physics: the big black box 2 Math Symmetry #12;Physics: the big black box Math Mirror conjecture A slogan Mirror Symmetry is a correspondence

  4. www.scads.de BIG DATA INTEGRATION

    E-print Network

    Kirchheim, Bernd

    Efficient Big Data Architectures Data Quality / Data Integration Visual Analytics Knowledge Extraktion Lifewww.scads.de BIG DATA INTEGRATION AT SCADS DRESDEN/LEIPZIG ERHARD RAHM, UNIV. LEIPZIG #12;Two Centers of Excellence for Big Data in Germany ScaDS Dresden/Leipzig Berlin Big Data Center (BBDC) Sca

  5. www.scads.de BIG DATA INTEGRATION

    E-print Network

    Kirchheim, Bernd

    Efficient Big Data Architectures Data Quality / Data Integration Visual Analytics Knowledge Extraktion Lifewww.scads.de BIG DATA INTEGRATION RESEARCH AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LEIPZIG ERHARD RAHM, UNIV. LEIPZIG OF LEIPZIG 2 #12;Two Centers of Excellence for Big Data in Germany ScaDS Dresden/Leipzig Berlin Big Data

  6. GREEN IT STRATEGY WHITE PAPER BIG DATA.

    E-print Network

    Chou, James

    GREEN IT STRATEGY WHITE PAPER BIG DATA. BIG ENERGY. #12;GREEN by big data. Comprised of 60,000 CPUs with 15 petabytes of data storage and students increasingly rely on high- performance research compu:ng (HPRC) to tackle big

  7. Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy fantastic fact?

    E-print Network

    Korn, Andreas

    #12;The pillars of the Big-Bang theory 1. The expansion of the Universe Distant objects are receedingBig Bang: astrophysical fantasy or fantastic fact? Andreas Korn Institutionen för astronomi och rymdfysik, Uppsala universitet #12;The evolution of the Cosmos Big Bang Big-Bang nucleosynthesis microwave

  8. Structure and Dynamics of the Milky Way: The Evolving Picture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, T.; Cooper, B.

    2010-12-01

    From the inception of radio astronomy, the study of the Interstellar Medium has been both aided and frustrated by one fact: we are right within it! Our embedded perspective is favourable to observing kinematic and structural details that are likely to remain inaccessible in external galaxies for some time, but not so to gaining a birds-eye view of our Galaxy's structure and motions on the largest scales. The Canadian Galactic Plane Survey (CGPS) is the original survey with the ability to image both details and the "big picture." We will broadly review what is known of the Milky Way, and focus on large-scale ISM structure and dynamics that the CGPS and immediate family of surveys depict particularly well (e.g. spiral structure, the rotation curve, density waves, rolling motions, the warp & scalloping). We also highlight areas where puzzles still exist (e.g. outer spiral structure, the question of shocks and rolling motions in the Milky Way), and offer some new insights (e.g. multiple shocks in the second quadrant; a radially varying spiral pattern speed in the disc) that demonstrate what is possible with current and future high-resolution 21 cm surveys.

  9. The BigBOSS Experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Schelgel, D.; Abdalla, F.; Abraham, T.; Ahn, C.; Allende Prieto, C.; Annis, J.; Aubourg, E.; Azzaro, M.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Baugh, C.; ,

    2011-01-01

    BigBOSS will obtain observational constraints that will bear on three of the four 'science frontier' questions identified by the Astro2010 Cosmology and Fundamental Phyics Panel of the Decadal Survey: Why is the universe accelerating; what is dark matter and what are the properties of neutrinos? Indeed, the BigBOSS project was recommended for substantial immediate R and D support the PASAG report. The second highest ground-based priority from the Astro2010 Decadal Survey was the creation of a funding line within the NSF to support a 'Mid-Scale Innovations' program, and it used BigBOSS as a 'compelling' example for support. This choice was the result of the Decadal Survey's Program Priorization panels reviewing 29 mid-scale projects and recommending BigBOSS 'very highly'.

  10. Big, Fat World of Lipids

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Science Home Page The Big, Fat World of Lipids By Emily Carlson Posted August 9, 2012 Cholesterol ... ways to diagnose and treat lipid-related conditions. Lipid Encyclopedia Just as genomics and proteomics spurred advances ...

  11. Big Spherules near 'Victoria'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    This frame from the microscopic imager on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows spherules up to about 5 millimeters (one-fifth of an inch) in diameter. The camera took this image during the 924th Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's Mars-surface mission (Aug. 30, 2006), when the rover was about 200 meters (650 feet) north of 'Victoria Crater.'

    Opportunity discovered spherules like these, nicknamed 'blueberries,' at its landing site in 'Eagle Crater,' and investigations determined them to be iron-rich concretions that formed inside deposits soaked with groundwater. However, such concretions were much smaller or absent at the ground surface along much of the rover's trek of more than 5 kilometers (3 miles) southward to Victoria. The big ones showed up again when Opportunity got to the ring, or annulus, of material excavated and thrown outward by the impact that created Victoria Crater. Researchers hypothesize that some layer beneath the surface in Victoria's vicinity was once soaked with water long enough to form the concretions, that the crater-forming impact dispersed some material from that layer, and that Opportunity might encounter that layer in place if the rover drives down into the crater.

  12. Big bang darkleosynthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krnjaic, Gordan; Sigurdson, Kris

    2015-12-01

    In a popular class of models, dark matter comprises an asymmetric population of composite particles with short range interactions arising from a confined nonabelian gauge group. We show that coupling this sector to a well-motivated light mediator particle yields efficient darkleosynthesis, a dark-sector version of big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), in generic regions of parameter space. Dark matter self-interaction bounds typically require the confinement scale to be above ?QCD, which generically yields large (?MeV /dark-nucleon) binding energies. These bounds further suggest the mediator is relatively weakly coupled, so repulsive forces between dark-sector nuclei are much weaker than Coulomb repulsion between standard-model nuclei, which results in an exponential barrier-tunneling enhancement over standard BBN. Thus, darklei are easier to make and harder to break than visible species with comparable mass numbers. This process can efficiently yield a dominant population of states with masses significantly greater than the confinement scale and, in contrast to dark matter that is a fundamental particle, may allow the dominant form of dark matter to have high spin (S ? 3 / 2), whose discovery would be smoking gun evidence for dark nuclei.

  13. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: 2015

    E-print Network

    Cyburt, Richard H; Olive, Keith A; Yeh, Tsung-Han

    2015-01-01

    Big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) describes the production of the lightest nuclides via a dynamic interplay among the four fundamental forces during the first seconds of cosmic time. We briefly overview the essentials of this physics, and present new calculations of light element abundances through li6 and li7, with updated nuclear reactions and uncertainties including those in the neutron lifetime. We provide fits to these results as a function of baryon density and of the number of neutrino flavors, N_nu. We review recent developments in BBN, particularly new, precision Planck cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements that now probe the baryon density, helium content, and the effective number of degrees of freedom, n_eff. These measurements allow for a tight test of BBN and of cosmology using CMB data alone. Our likelihood analysis convolves the 2015 Planck data chains with our BBN output and observational data. Adding astronomical measurements of light elements strengthens the power of BBN. We include a ...

  14. The role of big laboratories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heuer, R.-D.

    2013-12-01

    This paper presents the role of big laboratories in their function as research infrastructures. Starting from the general definition and features of big laboratories, the paper goes on to present the key ingredients and issues, based on scientific excellence, for the successful realization of large-scale science projects at such facilities. The paper concludes by taking the example of scientific research in the field of particle physics and describing the structures and methods required to be implemented for the way forward.

  15. Picture or Text First? Explaining Sequence Effects When Learning with Pictures and Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eitel, Alexander; Scheiter, Katharina

    2015-01-01

    The present article reviews 42 studies investigating the role of sequencing of text and pictures for learning outcomes. Whereas several of the reviewed studies revealed better learning outcomes from presenting the picture before the text rather than after it, other studies demonstrated the opposite effect. Against the backdrop of theories on…

  16. The Role of Pictures in Picture Books on Children's Cognitive Engagement with Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elia, Iliada; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja; Georgiou, Alexia

    2010-01-01

    The present study examines the cognitive activity that is evoked in young children when they are read a picture book that is written for the purpose of teaching mathematics. The focus of this study is to explore the effects of pictures on children's spontaneous mathematical cognitive engagement. The study is based on the assumption that the…

  17. Is a Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words? Creating Effective Questionnaires with Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds-Keefer, Laura; Johnson, Robert

    2011-01-01

    In developing attitudinal instruments for young children, researchers, program evaluators, and clinicians often use response scales with pictures or images (e.g., smiley faces) as anchors. This article considers connections between word-based and picture based Likert scales and highlights the value in translating conventions used in word-based…

  18. PixMail: Pictures through mail

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blattner, Meera; Sierra, Francisco; Prassinos, Peter

    1989-02-01

    PixMail is a set of procedures for sending pictures through internet mail. The pictures can be sent or received by personal computers, terminals with or without raster capability, and facsimile machines. Optical scanners may be used as input to the picture file and printers may be used as an output device once the raster file is stored in a form used by a paint editor. No additional equipment needs to be purchased by the users to send or receive PixMail (unless facsimile input/output is desired) and it is no more difficult to send or receive than ordinary UNIX mail. PixMail uses the protocols of existing electronic mail for transmission from any ARPAnet or MILnet user to any other.

  19. Approximate Counting of Graphical Realizations.

    PubMed

    Erd?s, Péter L; Kiss, Sándor Z; Miklós, István; Soukup, Lajos

    2015-01-01

    In 1999 Kannan, Tetali and Vempala proposed a MCMC method to uniformly sample all possible realizations of a given graphical degree sequence and conjectured its rapidly mixing nature. Recently their conjecture was proved affirmative for regular graphs (by Cooper, Dyer and Greenhill, 2007), for regular directed graphs (by Greenhill, 2011) and for half-regular bipartite graphs (by Miklós, Erd?s and Soukup, 2013). Several heuristics on counting the number of possible realizations exist (via sampling processes), and while they work well in practice, so far no approximation guarantees exist for such an approach. This paper is the first to develop a method for counting realizations with provable approximation guarantee. In fact, we solve a slightly more general problem; besides the graphical degree sequence a small set of forbidden edges is also given. We show that for the general problem (which contains the Greenhill problem and the Miklós, Erd?s and Soukup problem as special cases) the derived MCMC process is rapidly mixing. Further, we show that this new problem is self-reducible therefore it provides a fully polynomial randomized approximation scheme (a.k.a. FPRAS) for counting of all realizations. PMID:26161994

  20. Approximate Counting of Graphical Realizations

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    In 1999 Kannan, Tetali and Vempala proposed a MCMC method to uniformly sample all possible realizations of a given graphical degree sequence and conjectured its rapidly mixing nature. Recently their conjecture was proved affirmative for regular graphs (by Cooper, Dyer and Greenhill, 2007), for regular directed graphs (by Greenhill, 2011) and for half-regular bipartite graphs (by Miklós, Erd?s and Soukup, 2013). Several heuristics on counting the number of possible realizations exist (via sampling processes), and while they work well in practice, so far no approximation guarantees exist for such an approach. This paper is the first to develop a method for counting realizations with provable approximation guarantee. In fact, we solve a slightly more general problem; besides the graphical degree sequence a small set of forbidden edges is also given. We show that for the general problem (which contains the Greenhill problem and the Miklós, Erd?s and Soukup problem as special cases) the derived MCMC process is rapidly mixing. Further, we show that this new problem is self-reducible therefore it provides a fully polynomial randomized approximation scheme (a.k.a. FPRAS) for counting of all realizations. PMID:26161994

  1. Challenges of Big Data Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Jianqing; Han, Fang; Liu, Han

    2014-01-01

    Big Data bring new opportunities to modern society and challenges to data scientists. On one hand, Big Data hold great promises for discovering subtle population patterns and heterogeneities that are not possible with small-scale data. On the other hand, the massive sample size and high dimensionality of Big Data introduce unique computational and statistical challenges, including scalability and storage bottleneck, noise accumulation, spurious correlation, incidental endogeneity, and measurement errors. These challenges are distinguished and require new computational and statistical paradigm. This article gives overviews on the salient features of Big Data and how these features impact on paradigm change on statistical and computational methods as well as computing architectures. We also provide various new perspectives on the Big Data analysis and computation. In particular, we emphasize on the viability of the sparsest solution in high-confidence set and point out that exogeneous assumptions in most statistical methods for Big Data can not be validated due to incidental endogeneity. They can lead to wrong statistical inferences and consequently wrong scientific conclusions. PMID:25419469

  2. Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog. Volume 2: Sequence design and picture coverage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koskela, P. E.; Helton, M. R.; Seeley, L. N.; Zawacki, S. J.

    1972-01-01

    A collection of data relating to the Mariner 9 TV picture is presented. The data are arranged to offer speedy identification of what took place during entire science cycles, on individual revolutions, and during individual science links or sequences. Summary tables present the nominal design for each of the major picture-taking cycles, along with the sequences actually taken on each revolution. These tables permit identification at a glance, all TV sequences and the corresponding individual pictures for the first 262 revolutions (primary mission). A list of TV pictures, categorized according to their latitude and longitude, is also provided. Orthographic and/or mercator plots for all pictures, along with pertinent numerical data for their center points are presented. Other tables and plots of interest are also included. This document is based upon data contained in the Supplementary Experiment Data Record (SEDR) files as of 21 August 1972.

  3. Powering Big Data for Nursing Through Partnership.

    PubMed

    Harper, Ellen M; Parkerson, Sara

    2015-01-01

    The Big Data Principles Workgroup (Workgroup) was established with support of the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. Building on the Triple Aim challenge, the Workgroup sought to identify Big Data principles, barriers, and challenges to nurse-sensitive data inclusion into Big Data sets. The product of this pioneering partnership Workgroup was the "Guiding Principles for Big Data in Nursing-Using Big Data to Improve the Quality of Care and Outcomes." PMID:26340243

  4. Automated Selection Of Pictures In Sequences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rorvig, Mark E.; Shelton, Robert O.

    1995-01-01

    Method of automated selection of film or video motion-picture frames for storage or examination developed. Beneficial in situations in which quantity of visual information available exceeds amount stored or examined by humans in reasonable amount of time, and/or necessary to reduce large number of motion-picture frames to few conveying significantly different information in manner intermediate between movie and comic book or storyboard. For example, computerized vision system monitoring industrial process programmed to sound alarm when changes in scene exceed normal limits.

  5. Polygon Pictures in QuarkXPress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterer, Irv

    1999-01-01

    Describes an activity where students draw and fill simple and complex shapes by utilizing the polygon tool in QuarkXPress to create graphics. Explains that this activity enables students to learn how to use a variety of functions in the QuarkXPress program. (CMK)

  6. General-Purpose Graphics-Library Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rogers, Joseph E.

    1993-01-01

    NASA Device Independent Graphics Library (NASADIG) computer program is general-purpose graphics-library program for use with many computer-based-engineering and management application programs. Software offers many features providing user with flexibility in creating graphics. Includes two- and three-dimensional plotting, splines and polynomial interpolation, area blanking control, multiple log/linear axes, legends and text control, curve-thickness control, and multiple text fonts. Written in ANSI FORTRAN 77.

  7. Graphics hardware accelerated panorama builder for mobile phones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bordallo López, Miguel; Hannuksela, Jari; Silvén, Olli; Vehviläinen, Markku

    2009-02-01

    Modern mobile communication devices frequently contain built-in cameras allowing users to capture highresolution still images, but at the same time the imaging applications are facing both usability and throughput bottlenecks. The difficulties in taking ad hoc pictures of printed paper documents with multi-megapixel cellular phone cameras on a common business use case, illustrate these problems for anyone. The result can be examined only after several seconds, and is often blurry, so a new picture is needed, although the view-finder image had looked good. The process can be a frustrating one with waits and the user not being able to predict the quality beforehand. The problems can be traced to the processor speed and camera resolution mismatch, and application interactivity demands. In this context we analyze building mosaic images of printed documents from frames selected from VGA resolution (640x480 pixel) video. High interactivity is achieved by providing real-time feedback on the quality, while simultaneously guiding the user actions. The graphics processing unit of the mobile device can be used to speed up the reconstruction computations. To demonstrate the viability of the concept, we present an interactive document scanning application implemented on a Nokia N95 mobile phone.

  8. Individual Differences in Distraction by Pictures in a Reading Situation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willows, Dale M.

    1978-01-01

    Good, normal, and poor third grade readers were required to read easy, moderate, and difficult one-syllable nouns under three conditions: control condition with no pictures, identifying-picture condition, and unrelated-picture condition. Reading performance of poor readers was influenced by pictures under all conditions. Individual differences…

  9. Healthy Heart, Healthy Family Picture Cards for Community Health Workers

    E-print Network

    Shen, Jun

    Healthy Heart, Healthy Family Picture Cards for Community Health Workers Puso Mo, Buhay Mo Mga this packet of picture cards. The picture cards can be used with the "Healthy Heart, Healthy Family" manual to illustrate the topic you are teaching. The "Healthy Heart, Healthy Family" manual and picture cards are part

  10. Strategy Shifts during Learning from Texts and Pictures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnotz, Wolfgang; Ludewig, Ulrich; Ullrich, Mark; Horz, Holger; McElvany, Nele; Baumert, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Reading for learning frequently requires integrating text and picture information into coherent knowledge structures. This article presents an experimental study aimed at analyzing the strategies used by students for integrating text and picture information. Four combinations of texts and pictures (text-picture units) were selected from textbooks…

  11. Picture Gesture Authentication: Empirical Analysis, Automated Attacks, and Scheme Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    14 Picture Gesture Authentication: Empirical Analysis, Automated Attacks, and Scheme Evaluation ZIMING ZHAO and GAIL-JOON AHN, Arizona State University HONGXIN HU, Clemson University Picture gesture analysis of picture gesture authentication on more than 10,000 picture passwords collected from more than

  12. Teaching with Picture Books in the Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiedt, Iris McClellan

    Arguing that picture books have much to offer students in the upper grades (including middle school and even high school students), this book discusses using picture books to stimulate students' thinking in a variety of topic areas. Chapter 1, Using Picture Books in the Middle School To Stimulate Thinking, introduces the topic of using picture

  13. Laserprinter applications in a medical graphics department.

    PubMed

    Lynch, P J

    1987-01-01

    Our experience with the Apple Macintosh and LaserWriter equipment has convinced us that lasergraphics holds much current and future promise in the creation of line graphics and typography for the biomedical community. Although we continue to use other computer graphics equipment to produce color slides and an occasional pen-plotter graphic, the most rapidly growing segment of our graphics workload is in material well-suited to production on the Macintosh/LaserWriter system. At present our goal is to integrate all of our computer graphics production (color slides, video paint graphics and monochrome print graphics) into a single Macintosh-based system within the next two years. The software and hardware currently available are capable of producing a wide range of science graphics very quickly and inexpensively. The cost-effectiveness, versatility and relatively low initial investment required to install this equipment make it an attractive alternative for cost-recovery departments just entering the field of computer graphics. PMID:3429453

  14. Programming Language Software For Graphics Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beckman, Brian C.

    1993-01-01

    New approach reduces repetitive development of features common to different applications. High-level programming language and interactive environment with access to graphical hardware and software created by adding graphical commands and other constructs to standardized, general-purpose programming language, "Scheme". Designed for use in developing other software incorporating interactive computer-graphics capabilities into application programs. Provides alternative to programming entire applications in C or FORTRAN, specifically ameliorating design and implementation of complex control and data structures typifying applications with interactive graphics. Enables experimental programming and rapid development of prototype software, and yields high-level programs serving as executable versions of software-design documentation.

  15. 6.837 Computer Graphics, Fall 2003

    E-print Network

    Durand, Frédo

    6.837 offers an introduction to computer graphics hardware, algorithms, and software. Topics include: line generators, affine transformations, line and polygon clipping, splines, interactive techniques, perspective ...

  16. Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What

    E-print Network

    Kirby, Mike

    , analytical tools and human understanding [7]. Numerous lessons on the scalability of big data can already the where (big data systems), the how (big data algorithms), and the what (big data analytics) challenges 110100100100100001 Big Data Systems What? Big Data Analytics How? communication space CPU cycles resilience 010 Big

  17. Shape in Picture Mathematical Description of Shape

    E-print Network

    Foster, David H.

    immediate levels of image representation, there are effects of noise in sensory transduction and of limitsShape in Picture Mathematical Description of Shape in Grey-level Images Edited by Ying-Lie 0 Centre 7-11, 1992 CR Subject Classification (1991): 1.3-5 ISBN 978-3-642-08188-0 ISBN 978-3-662-03039-4 (e

  18. Transmittal Letters: Communicating the Financial Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piotrowski, Craig L.

    1987-01-01

    The transmittal letter, part of a school district's comprehensive annual financial report, provides a creative opportunity to communicate the financial picture of a district to readers. After the introduction, the letter should include sections on (1) mission, services, and environment; (2) financial highlights; (3) systems and controls; and (4)…

  19. The Work of the Motion Picture Cameraman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Freddie; Petzold, Paul

    Meant to serve as an authoritative source of information on camera work in large scale feature productions, this book attempts to give some basic understanding of the problems of motion picture photography, the working conditions and artistry of lighting for mood and dramatic effect, budget problems for making films, and facts about working with a…

  20. The Search for Information in Pictures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Drew; And Others

    This study examined the effect of reading ability and frequency of object association on picture-verification latency in a group of 40 fifth graders. Subjects received sets of two slides each, the first of which was a sentence in which the subject and object were in either frequent or infrequent association. When the children had read and had…

  1. Track Picture Book. Elementary Science Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, David; And Others

    This picture book was designed to be used with an Elementary Science Study unit that provides opportunities for students in grades 4-6 to study animal tracks. Shown within this book are numerous examples of tracks, including those of tires, human beings, animal tracks, and others in various media, such as snow, sand, mud, dust, and cement. (CS)

  2. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... produced film. (4) Imply endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy seals. (c) Navy... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Navy assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures...

  3. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... produced film. (4) Imply endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy seals. (c) Navy... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Navy assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures...

  4. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... produced film. (4) Imply endorsement of a product. (5) Permit the use of official Navy seals. (c) Navy... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Navy assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures...

  5. A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribisi, Stephen, Jr.; Yu, Kristina; Lambertson, Lori

    2007-01-01

    The old adage that a picture is worth a thousand words also holds true in cell biology. Much of the knowledge that we have of the structures and functions of cells has been acquired by biologists peering through the eyepieces of microscopes. The point of this lesson is to provide an opportunity for students to observe cell biological data while…

  6. Text-to-Picture Synthesis Xiaojin Zhu

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Xiaojin "Jerry"

    2005] (LTI seminar) Text-to-Picture Synthesis 9 / 46 #12;Prior work 3: WordsEye The lawn mower is 5 feet tall. John pushes the lawn mower. The cat is 5 feet behind John. The cat is 10 feet tall. [Coyne

  7. Aesthetics and Children's Picture-Books

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leddy, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Some writers on children's picture-books seem to believe that comfort and reassurance are their most important goals. Yet these books may also provide a context for imaginative adventure, and even for a journey into the dark night of the soul. As Nietzsche would put it, there is a Dionysian as well as an Apollonian element in children's…

  8. Localism: The Changing Picture for Adult Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Penny

    2012-01-01

    The rapidly changing picture on localism and the government's focus on local economic growth have significant implications for adult learning and skills providers in England. Government now sees a sense of place as key to economic growth and recognises the need for a renewed debate on how business and state interact with localities. There is a…

  9. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... assistance to motion pictures and all other audio-visual products produced by Navy contractors will be subject to the same rules and procedures that apply to other non-government producers. Audio-visual... material, and arrange for personal appearances of Department of Defense and Department of the Navy...

  10. 32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... assistance to motion pictures and all other audio-visual products produced by Navy contractors will be subject to the same rules and procedures that apply to other non-government producers. Audio-visual... material, and arrange for personal appearances of Department of Defense and Department of the Navy...

  11. Heisenberg-picture quantum field theory

    E-print Network

    Theo Johnson-Freyd

    2015-08-24

    This paper discusses what we should mean by "Heisenberg-picture quantum field theory." Atiyah--Segal-type axioms do a good job of capturing the "Schr\\"odinger picture": these axioms define a "$d$-dimensional quantum field theory" to be a symmetric monoidal functor from an $(\\infty,d)$-category of "spacetimes" to an $(\\infty,d)$-category which at the second-from-top level consists of vector spaces, so at the top level consists of numbers. This paper argues that the appropriate parallel notion "Heisenberg picture" should also be defined in terms of symmetric monoidal functors from the category of spacetimes, but the target should be an $(\\infty,d)$-category that in top dimension consists of pointed vector spaces instead of numbers; the second-from-top level can be taken to consist of associative algebras or of pointed categories. The paper ends by outlining two sources of such Heisenberg-picture field theories: factorization algebras and skein theory.

  12. Perturbative Implementation of the Furry Picture

    E-print Network

    M. Huber; E. Stockmeyer

    2006-07-07

    Recently the block-diagonalization of Dirac-operators was investigated from a mathematical point of view in the one-particle case. We extend this result to the $N$-particle case. This leads to a perturbative realization of the Furry picture in the $N$-particle two-spinor space.

  13. Bilingual Picture Books: Libros Para Todos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agosto, Denise

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the importance of including bilingual English/Spanish picture books in library collections, introduces some recent titles, and describes some programming ideas. Topics include second language study, children teaching English to Spanish-speaking parents, cultural studies, and bilingual presentations. (LRW)

  14. 77 FR 65582 - Quad Graphics, Inc., Including Workers Whose Wages Were Reported Under Quad Graphics Printing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ...Quad Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics Services, Effingham, IL; Amended Certification...Quad Graphics Printing Corp., and Quad Logistics Services. The intent of the Department's...Quad Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics Services (TA-W-73,441H),...

  15. Computers & Graphics 24 (2000) 91}98 Computer graphics in Russia

    E-print Network

    Joensuu, University of

    2000-01-01

    Computers & Graphics 24 (2000) 91}98 Computer graphics in Russia Lossless compression of large), a project between Fin- land, Sweden, Norway and Russia, and GIS-Sever project, spanning the border between Finland and Russia. The objective of the projects is to produce uniform geo- graphic information that can

  16. Jordan and Weiss: Graphical Models: Probabilistic inference 1 Graphical models: Probabilistic inference

    E-print Network

    Jordan, Michael I.

    inference Michael I. Jordan jordan@cs.berkeley.edu Division of Computer Science and Department of StatisticsJordan and Weiss: Graphical Models: Probabilistic inference 1 Graphical models: Probabilistic Hebrew University RUNNING HEAD: Probabilistic inference in graphical models Correspondence: Michael I

  17. GEOSS: Addressing Big Data Challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nativi, S.; Craglia, M.; Ochiai, O.

    2014-12-01

    In the sector of Earth Observation, the explosion of data is due to many factors including: new satellite constellations, the increased capabilities of sensor technologies, social media, crowdsourcing, and the need for multidisciplinary and collaborative research to face Global Changes. In this area, there are many expectations and concerns about Big Data. Vendors have attempted to use this term for their commercial purposes. It is necessary to understand whether Big Data is a radical shift or an incremental change for the existing digital infrastructures. This presentation tries to explore and discuss the impact of Big Data challenges and new capabilities on the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and particularly on its common digital infrastructure called GCI. GEOSS is a global and flexible network of content providers allowing decision makers to access an extraordinary range of data and information at their desk. The impact of the Big Data dimensionalities (commonly known as 'V' axes: volume, variety, velocity, veracity, visualization) on GEOSS is discussed. The main solutions and experimentation developed by GEOSS along these axes are introduced and analyzed. GEOSS is a pioneering framework for global and multidisciplinary data sharing in the Earth Observation realm; its experience on Big Data is valuable for the many lessons learned.

  18. Turning big bang into big bounce: II. Quantum dynamics

    E-print Network

    Przemyslaw Malkiewicz; Wlodzimierz Piechocki

    2010-08-06

    We analyze the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of the nonstandard loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Elementary observables are used to quantize composite observables. The spectrum of the energy density operator is bounded and continuous. The spectrum of the volume operator is bounded from below and discrete. It has equally distant levels defining a quantum of the volume. The discreteness may imply a foamy structure of spacetime at semiclassical level which may be detected in astro-cosmo observations. The nonstandard LQC method has a free parameter that should be fixed in some way to specify the big bounce transition.

  19. Dual of Big-bang and Big-crunch

    E-print Network

    Dongsu Bak

    2006-11-28

    Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by procedure of the double anaytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are non singular at all as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 Super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

  20. Graphical explanation in an expert system for Space Station Freedom rack integration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Craig, F. G.; Cutts, D. E.; Fennel, T. R.; Purves, B.

    1990-01-01

    The rationale and methodology used to incorporate graphics into explanations provided by an expert system for Space Station Freedom rack integration is examined. The rack integration task is typical of a class of constraint satisfaction problems for large programs where expertise from several areas is required. Graphically oriented approaches are used to explain the conclusions made by the system, the knowledge base content, and even at more abstract levels the control strategies employed by the system. The implemented architecture combines hypermedia and inference engine capabilities. The advantages of this architecture include: closer integration of user interface, explanation system, and knowledge base; the ability to embed links to deeper knowledge underlying the compiled knowledge used in the knowledge base; and allowing for more direct control of explanation depth and duration by the user. The graphical techniques employed range from simple statis presentation of schematics to dynamic creation of a series of pictures presented motion picture style. User models control the type, amount, and order of information presented.

  1. A Graphical Approach to Quantitative Structural Geology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Paor, Declan G.

    1986-01-01

    Describes how computer graphic methods can be used in teaching structural geology. Describes the design of a graphics workstation for the Apple microcomputer. Includes a listing of commands used with software to plot structures in a digitized form. Argues for the establishment of computer laboratories for structural geology classes. (TW)

  2. Getting Graphic at the School Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Kat

    2003-01-01

    Provides information for school libraries interested in acquiring graphic novels. Discusses theft prevention; processing and cataloging; maintaining the collection; what to choose, with two Web sites for more information on graphic novels for libraries; collection development decisions; and Japanese comics called Manga. Includes an annotated list…

  3. Deconstruction and Graphic Design: History Meets Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lupton, Ellen; Miller, J. Abbott

    1994-01-01

    Considers the reception and use of deconstruction in the recent history of graphic design. Considers the place of graphics within the theory of deconstruction in the work of philosopher Jacques Derrida. Argues that deconstruction is not a style but a mode of questioning through and about the technologies, formal devices, social institutions and…

  4. Spatial Ability through Engineering Graphics Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marunic, Gordana; Glazar, Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Spatial ability has been confirmed to be of particular importance for successful engineering graphics education and to be a component of human intelligence that can be improved through instruction and training. Consequently, the creation and communication by means of graphics demand careful development of spatial skills provided by the balanced…

  5. A Laboratory Application of Microcomputer Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehring, Kalle B.; Moore, John W.

    1983-01-01

    A PASCAL graphics and instrument interface program for a Z80/S-100 based microcomputer was developed. The computer interfaces to a stopped-flow spectrophotometer replacing a storage oscilloscope and polaroid camera. Applications of this system are discussed, indicating that graphics and analog-to-digital boards have transformed the computer into…

  6. Q-Technique and Graphics Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahle, Roger R.

    Because Q-technique is as appropriate for use with visual and design items as for use with words, it is not stymied by the topics one is likely to encounter in graphics research. In particular Q-technique is suitable for studying the so-called "congeniality" of typography, for various copytesting usages, and for multivariate graphics research. The…

  7. Computation and graphics in mathematical research

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.A.; Spruck, J.

    1990-01-01

    We are actively developing and using interactive graphics software and numerical computation to study problems in global differential geometry and calculus of variations, the structure and motion of interfaces, and the simulation of plasma equilibrium and evolution. We have improved the hardware, software and design of our video animation facility and have begun to document our graphics software packages. 39 refs.

  8. Graphical Models for Surrogates Steffen L. Lauritzen

    E-print Network

    Lauritzen, Steffen

    Graphical Models for Surrogates Steffen L. Lauritzen Aalborg University, Department of Mathematical and illuminated. In this article we will use graphical models to illustrate and analyse the notion of a surrogate from the DAG itself. We refer e.g. to Dawid (2002) or Lauritzen (2001) for further details. Surrogate

  9. Graphical Models and Computerized Adaptive Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mislevy, Robert J.; Almond, Russell G.

    This paper synthesizes ideas from the fields of graphical modeling and education testing, particularly item response theory (IRT) applied to computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Graphical modeling can offer IRT a language for describing multifaceted skills and knowledge, and disentangling evidence from complex performances. IRT-CAT can offer…

  10. Teaching Media Literacy with Graphic Novels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monnin, Katie

    2010-01-01

    Background: A current problem in media literacy studies is whether or not to categorize graphic novels as media literacy texts. Thus, this article begins with a review of current media literacy research and its emphasis on defining media literacy texts as texts that rely on both print literacies and image literacies. Because graphic novels rely on…

  11. Graphic Design in Libraries: A Conceptual Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Providing successful library services requires efficient and effective communication with users; therefore, it is important that content creators who develop visual materials understand key components of design and, specifically, develop a holistic graphic design process. Graphic design, as a form of visual communication, is the process of…

  12. VTGRAPH - GRAPHIC SOFTWARE TOOL FOR VT TERMINALS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, C.

    1994-01-01

    VTGRAPH is a graphics software tool for DEC/VT or VT compatible terminals which are widely used by government and industry. It is a FORTRAN or C-language callable library designed to allow the user to deal with many computer environments which use VT terminals for window management and graphic systems. It also provides a PLOT10-like package plus color or shade capability for VT240, VT241, and VT300 terminals. The program is transportable to many different computers which use VT terminals. With this graphics package, the user can easily design more friendly user interface programs and design PLOT10 programs on VT terminals with different computer systems. VTGRAPH was developed using the ReGis Graphics set which provides a full range of graphics capabilities. The basic VTGRAPH capabilities are as follows: window management, PLOT10 compatible drawing, generic program routines for two and three dimensional plotting, and color graphics or shaded graphics capability. The program was developed in VAX FORTRAN in 1988. VTGRAPH requires a ReGis graphics set terminal and a FORTRAN compiler. The program has been run on a DEC MicroVAX 3600 series computer operating under VMS 5.0, and has a virtual memory requirement of 5KB.

  13. Interactive graphical computer-aided design system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edge, T. M.

    1975-01-01

    System is used for design, layout, and modification of large-scale-integrated (LSI) metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) arrays. System is structured around small computer which provides real-time support for graphics storage display unit with keyboard, slave display unit, hard copy unit, and graphics tablet for designer/computer interface.

  14. Is There Computer Graphics after Multimedia?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Kellogg S.

    Computer graphics has been driven by the desire to generate real-time imagery subject to constraints imposed by the human visual system. The future of computer graphics, when off-the-shelf systems have full multimedia capability and when standard computing engines render imagery faster than real-time, remains to be seen. A dedicated pipeline for…

  15. Standards of Multimedia Graphic Design in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldalalah, Osamah Ahmad; Ababneh, Ziad Waleed Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine Standards of Multimedia Graphic Design in Education through the analysis of the theoretical basis and previous studies related to this subject. This study has identified the list of standards of Multimedia, Graphic Design, each of which has a set indicator through which the quality of Multimedia can be evaluated in…

  16. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF PERCEIVED PITCH IN SPEECH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COWAN, J.M.

    AN ARTICLE ON GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF PERCEIVED PITCH IN SPEECH WAS PRESENTED. THIS ARTICLE, A REPRINT FROM THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PHONETIC SCIENCES, PROVIDED A GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD AND INSTRUMENTATION OF GRAPHICALLY DESCRIBING SPEECH INTONATIONS, AND PRESENTED A HISTORICAL AND THEORETICAL…

  17. Adolescents' Motivations for Viewing Graphic Horror.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Deirdre D.

    1995-01-01

    Identifies four motivations adolescents report for viewing graphic horror films: gore watching, thrill watching, independent watching, and problem watching. Argues that viewing motivations are predictors of responses to graphic horror. Finds that viewing motivations were related to viewers' cognitive and affective responses and a tendency to…

  18. Printing (Graphic Arts): Scope and Sequence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    Intended for use by all printing (graphic arts) instructors in the Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, this guide provides a sequential listing of course content and scope. A course description provides a brief overview of the content of the courses offered in the printing (graphic arts) program. General course objectives are then listed.…

  19. Exploring Concepts in Probability: Using Graphics Calculators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghosh, Jonaki

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a project in which certain key concepts in probability were explored using graphics calculators with year 10 students. The lessons were conducted in the regular classroom where students were provided with a Casio CFX 9850 GB PLUS graphics calculator with which they were familiar from year 9. The participants in the…

  20. GRAPHICAL MODELS AND AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION

    E-print Network

    Noble, William Stafford

    GRAPHICAL MODELS AND AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION JEFFREY A. BILMES Abstract. Graphical models provide a promising paradigm to study both existing and novel techniques for automatic speech recognition as part of a speech recognition system can be described by a graph ­ this includes Gaussian dis

  1. Graphic Organizers: Outlets for Your Thoughts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekhaml, Leticia

    1998-01-01

    Graphs, bars, charts, and diagrams have been used by designers, writers, and scientists to communicate. Now, research suggests that graphic organizers benefit teaching and learning. This article describes graphic organizers: sequential, conceptual, hierarchical, cyclical, Venn, fishbone or Ishikawa, squeeze and stretch, why-why, t-chart, KWL…

  2. Making Art Connections with Graphic Organizers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Pam; Hermus, Cindy

    2007-01-01

    Posters, slide shows, videos, diagrams, charts, written or illustrated class notes, daily logs, to do lists, and written instructions are all helpful modes of teaching for visual learners. Another form of instruction that is helpful for visual learners is the graphic organizers. Sometimes called "mind maps", graphic organizers are illustrative…

  3. Using Computer Graphics to Explore Object Oriented Concepts Using C

    E-print Network

    Westall, James M.

    approach. We use a bottom- up approach to teach the basic concepts of graphics. In this class graphics the basic concepts of graphics, but become fa- miliar with the C programming language (students at our-up approach to teach the basic concepts of graphics. In this class graphics is used as a learning tool

  4. Big Data: Astronomical or Genomical?

    PubMed Central

    Stephens, Zachary D.; Lee, Skylar Y.; Faghri, Faraz; Campbell, Roy H.; Zhai, Chengxiang; Efron, Miles J.; Iyer, Ravishankar; Schatz, Michael C.; Sinha, Saurabh; Robinson, Gene E.

    2015-01-01

    Genomics is a Big Data science and is going to get much bigger, very soon, but it is not known whether the needs of genomics will exceed other Big Data domains. Projecting to the year 2025, we compared genomics with three other major generators of Big Data: astronomy, YouTube, and Twitter. Our estimates show that genomics is a “four-headed beast”—it is either on par with or the most demanding of the domains analyzed here in terms of data acquisition, storage, distribution, and analysis. We discuss aspects of new technologies that will need to be developed to rise up and meet the computational challenges that genomics poses for the near future. Now is the time for concerted, community-wide planning for the “genomical” challenges of the next decade. PMID:26151137

  5. Big Data: Astronomical or Genomical?

    PubMed

    Stephens, Zachary D; Lee, Skylar Y; Faghri, Faraz; Campbell, Roy H; Zhai, Chengxiang; Efron, Miles J; Iyer, Ravishankar; Schatz, Michael C; Sinha, Saurabh; Robinson, Gene E

    2015-07-01

    Genomics is a Big Data science and is going to get much bigger, very soon, but it is not known whether the needs of genomics will exceed other Big Data domains. Projecting to the year 2025, we compared genomics with three other major generators of Big Data: astronomy, YouTube, and Twitter. Our estimates show that genomics is a "four-headed beast"--it is either on par with or the most demanding of the domains analyzed here in terms of data acquisition, storage, distribution, and analysis. We discuss aspects of new technologies that will need to be developed to rise up and meet the computational challenges that genomics poses for the near future. Now is the time for concerted, community-wide planning for the "genomical" challenges of the next decade. PMID:26151137

  6. Big Data Analytics in Healthcare

    PubMed Central

    Belle, Ashwin; Thiagarajan, Raghuram; Soroushmehr, S. M. Reza; Navidi, Fatemeh; Beard, Daniel A.; Najarian, Kayvan

    2015-01-01

    The rapidly expanding field of big data analytics has started to play a pivotal role in the evolution of healthcare practices and research. It has provided tools to accumulate, manage, analyze, and assimilate large volumes of disparate, structured, and unstructured data produced by current healthcare systems. Big data analytics has been recently applied towards aiding the process of care delivery and disease exploration. However, the adoption rate and research development in this space is still hindered by some fundamental problems inherent within the big data paradigm. In this paper, we discuss some of these major challenges with a focus on three upcoming and promising areas of medical research: image, signal, and genomics based analytics. Recent research which targets utilization of large volumes of medical data while combining multimodal data from disparate sources is discussed. Potential areas of research within this field which have the ability to provide meaningful impact on healthcare delivery are also examined. PMID:26229957

  7. Big Data Analytics in Healthcare.

    PubMed

    Belle, Ashwin; Thiagarajan, Raghuram; Soroushmehr, S M Reza; Navidi, Fatemeh; Beard, Daniel A; Najarian, Kayvan

    2015-01-01

    The rapidly expanding field of big data analytics has started to play a pivotal role in the evolution of healthcare practices and research. It has provided tools to accumulate, manage, analyze, and assimilate large volumes of disparate, structured, and unstructured data produced by current healthcare systems. Big data analytics has been recently applied towards aiding the process of care delivery and disease exploration. However, the adoption rate and research development in this space is still hindered by some fundamental problems inherent within the big data paradigm. In this paper, we discuss some of these major challenges with a focus on three upcoming and promising areas of medical research: image, signal, and genomics based analytics. Recent research which targets utilization of large volumes of medical data while combining multimodal data from disparate sources is discussed. Potential areas of research within this field which have the ability to provide meaningful impact on healthcare delivery are also examined. PMID:26229957

  8. Model-based reasoning for system and software engineering: The Knowledge From Pictures (KFP) environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bailin, Sydney; Paterra, Frank; Henderson, Scott; Truszkowski, Walt

    1993-01-01

    This paper presents a discussion of current work in the area of graphical modeling and model-based reasoning being undertaken by the Automation Technology Section, Code 522.3, at Goddard. The work was initially motivated by the growing realization that the knowledge acquisition process was a major bottleneck in the generation of fault detection, isolation, and repair (FDIR) systems for application in automated Mission Operations. As with most research activities this work started out with a simple objective: to develop a proof-of-concept system demonstrating that a draft rule-base for a FDIR system could be automatically realized by reasoning from a graphical representation of the system to be monitored. This work was called Knowledge From Pictures (KFP) (Truszkowski et. al. 1992). As the work has successfully progressed the KFP tool has become an environment populated by a set of tools that support a more comprehensive approach to model-based reasoning. This paper continues by giving an overview of the graphical modeling objectives of the work, describing the three tools that now populate the KFP environment, briefly presenting a discussion of related work in the field, and by indicating future directions for the KFP environment.

  9. M theory model of a big crunch/big bang transition

    SciTech Connect

    Turok, Neil; Perry, Malcolm; Steinhardt, Paul J.

    2004-11-15

    We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly and unambiguously across the orbifold plane collision. In particular we calculate the quantum mechanical production of winding M2-branes extending from one orbifold to the other. We find that the resulting density is finite and that the resulting gravitational backreaction is small. These winding states, which include the string theory graviton, can be propagated smoothly across the transition using a perturbative expansion in the membrane tension, an expansion which from the point of view of string theory is an expansion in inverse powers of {alpha}{sup '}. The conventional description of a crunch based on Einstein general relativity, involving Kasner or mixmaster behavior is misleading, we argue, because general relativity is only the leading order approximation to string theory in an expansion in positive powers of {alpha}{sup '}. In contrast, in the M theory setup we argue that interactions should be well behaved because of the smooth evolution of the fields combined with the fact that the string coupling tends to zero at the crunch. The production of massive Kaluza-Klein states should also be exponentially suppressed for small collision speeds. We contrast this good behavior with that found in previous studies of strings in Lorentzian orbifolds.

  10. Big-Eyed Bugs Have Big Appetite for Pests

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Many kinds of arthropod natural enemies (predators and parasitoids) inhabit crop fields in Arizona and can have a large negative impact on several pest insect species that also infest these crops. Geocoris spp., commonly known as big-eyed bugs, are among the most abundant insect predators in field c...

  11. Atomic tunneling ionization in a photon picture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yujun; Esry, B. D.

    2015-05-01

    Above-threshold ionization (ATI) and high-harmonic generation (HHG) are studied by the photon-phase formalism in the tunneling regime. Different from the commonly used three-step model for understanding such strong-field phenomena, we show that each order of the ATI or HHG peaks is strongly associated with a single ``photon channel'' in the photon-phase picture. This simplicity allows an identification of pathways for each of the orders. This picture not only provides a convenient means to understand the electron dynamics in the strong field, but also gives insights that may help engineer laser pulses to manipulate the output of the ATI or HHG. We apply this method to quantify the strong-field-induced ionization threshold shift and study the carrier-envelope phase dependence of the HHG. Supported by the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy

  12. Mariner 6 and 7 picture analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leighton, R. B.

    1975-01-01

    Analysis of Mariner 6 and 7 far-encounter (FE) pictures is discussed. The purpose of the studies was to devise ways to combine digital data from the full set of FE pictures so as to improve surface resolution, distinguish clouds and haze patches from permanent surface topographic markings, deduce improved values for radius, oblateness, and spin-axis orientation, and produce a composite photographic map of Mars. Attempts to measure and correct camera distortions, locate each image in the frame, and convert image coordinates to martian surface coordinates were highly successful; residual uncertainties in location were considerably less than one pixel. However, analysis of the data to improve the radius, figure, and axial tilt and to produce a composite map was curtailed because of the superior data provided by Mariner 9. The data, programs, and intermediate results are still available (1976), and the project could be resumed with little difficulty.

  13. A motion picture presentation of magnetic pulsations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Suzuki, A.; Kim, J. S.; Sugura, M.; Nagano, H.

    1981-01-01

    Using the data obtained from the IMS North American magnetometer network stations at high latitudes, a motion picture was made by a computer technique, describing time changes of Pc5 and Pi3 magnetic pulsation vectors. Examples of pulsation characteristics derived from this presentation are regional polarization changes including shifts of polarization demarcation lines, changes in the extent of an active region and its movement with time.

  14. Interacting Fermions Picture for Dimer Models

    E-print Network

    Pierluigi Falco

    2013-05-31

    Recent numerical results on classical dimers with weak aligning interactions have been theoretically justified via a Coulomb Gas representation of the height random variable. Here we propose a completely different representation, the Interacting Fermions Picture, which avoids some difficulties of the Coulomb Gas approach and provides a better account of the numerical findings. Besides, we observe that Peierls' argument explains the behavior of the system in the strong interaction case.

  15. A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Exercises

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Colin

    2011-01-01

    One sign of a good task is that it will work just as well with Year 7 as with Year 13. The author asks learners to use graph-drawing software to draw a picture with graphs. He uses his imagination to suggest what a particular curve might resemble and helps learners to adjust their drawings to achieve what they are trying to make. Sometimes, one…

  16. A Spectrum is Worth a Thousand Pictures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gelderman, Richard F.

    2006-12-01

    A wise astronomer once pointed out that if a picture is worth a thousand words, then a spectrum is worth a thousand pictures. Unfortunately, spectra are rarely emphasized in the introductory astronomy courses and few students exit such a course with any meaningful understanding or appreciation of spectroscopy. Part of the problem is lack of background knowledge; the typical introductory astronomy student has little experience with spectroscopy or atomic physics. Another issue is that spectra are not pretty pictures and are not intuitively understandable. We present and discuss a series of “minds-on” exercises and activities built into a college-level “stars, galaxies, and cosmology” intro astronomy course. The lessons are structured to help students improve their ability to recognize patterns and improve their ability to really see the details in front of them. Another goal is for students to realize there is “more than meets the eye” to learn how to discover “hidden” diagnostics, such as different sources of light their eyes see as white light. A curriculum that emphasizes spectroscopy also provides the opportunity to stress the story of the “Harvard Women,” a tale that bridges gender gaps and often humanizes scientists in the eyes of non-science majors. Finally, with a solid foundation in spectroscopy, students are better prepared to understand exciting topics such as Hubble’s Law and the importance of primordial nucleosynthesis.

  17. Module name: Computer Graphics and Interaction Abbreviation: MIN-CGI

    E-print Network

    Ahlers, Volker - Fakultät IV

    reality Analysis, design and realization skills: Design and realization of interactive graphics applications with current graphics software; design and realization of natural user interfaces Technological skills: Understanding of the function of current graphics processing units; knowledge of the use

  18. Power Consumption Characterization of a Graphics Processing Unit

    E-print Network

    Huang, Wei

    Power Consumption Characterization of a Graphics Processing Unit A Thesis in STS 402 Presented.....................................................................................................................VI CHAPTER ONE: THE NEED FOR A POWER CHARACTERIZATION............... 1 HISTORY OF GRAPHICS PROCESSORS .......................................................... 1 ENERGY AMBIGUITY OF MODERN GRAPHICS PROCESSORS ................. 2 POWER CONSUMPTION

  19. Development of an embedded 3D graphics processor 

    E-print Network

    Murray, Brian

    2002-01-01

    Limitations in processing ability cause major graphical enhancements, such as support for real-time 3D graphics, to be next to impossible within embedded devices. Due to the size, power, and heat dissipation requirements, modern graphics hardware...

  20. Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities

    E-print Network

    Zarate Santovena, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

  1. Wyoming Big Sagebrush Community Near Winnemucca, Nevada

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Mountain big sagebrush - or Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana - is a sub-species of big sagebrush that is found in primarily at higher elevation and colder, drier sites between the Rocky Mountains and the Cascades and Sierra Nevada. ...

  2. Graphical User Interface in Art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwilt, Ian

    This essay discusses the use of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) as a site of creative practice. By creatively repositioning the GUI as a work of art it is possible to challenge our understanding and expectations of the conventional computer interface wherein the icons and navigational architecture of the GUI no longer function as a technological tool. These artistic recontextualizations are often used to question our engagement with technology and to highlight the pivotal place that the domestic computer has taken in our everyday social, cultural and (increasingly), creative domains. Through these works the media specificity of the screen-based GUI can broken by dramatic changes in scale, form and configuration. This can be seen through the work of new media artists who have re-imagined the GUI in a number of creative forms both, within the digital, as image, animation, net and interactive art, and in the analogue, as print, painting, sculpture, installation and performative event. Furthermore as a creative work, the GUI can also be utilized as a visual way-finder to explore the relationship between the dynamic potentials of the digital and the concretized qualities of the material artifact.

  3. Process and representation in graphical displays

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gillan, Douglas J.; Lewis, Robert; Rudisill, Marianne

    1990-01-01

    How people comprehend graphics is examined. Graphical comprehension involves the cognitive representation of information from a graphic display and the processing strategies that people apply to answer questions about graphics. Research on representation has examined both the features present in a graphic display and the cognitive representation of the graphic. The key features include the physical components of a graph, the relation between the figure and its axes, and the information in the graph. Tests of people's memory for graphs indicate that both the physical and informational aspect of a graph are important in the cognitive representation of a graph. However, the physical (or perceptual) features overshadow the information to a large degree. Processing strategies also involve a perception-information distinction. In order to answer simple questions (e.g., determining the value of a variable, comparing several variables, and determining the mean of a set of variables), people switch between two information processing strategies: (1) an arithmetic, look-up strategy in which they use a graph much like a table, looking up values and performing arithmetic calculations; and (2) a perceptual strategy in which they use the spatial characteristics of the graph to make comparisons and estimations. The user's choice of strategies depends on the task and the characteristics of the graph. A theory of graphic comprehension is presented.

  4. 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History

    E-print Network

    Weijgaert, Rien van de

    Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12;Cosmology 13.7 Gyrs of Big Bang History #12 years after Big Bang (> 13 Gyr old) #12;Earliest View of our Cosmos: the Universe 379,000 years after the Big Bang Cosmic Microwave Background WMAP CMB temperature map #12;the Universe: a Unique Astrophysical

  5. How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations)

    E-print Network

    Stark, Philip B.

    How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations) Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics experimental design doesn't matter #12;What's new in Big Data? · design still matters; experiments versus flu trends http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/ google-flu-trends-the-limits-of-big-data/ #12

  6. COBE's search for structure in the Big Bang

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Soffen, Gerald (editor); Guerny, Gene (editor); Keating, Thomas (editor); Moe, Karen (editor); Sullivan, Walter (editor); Truszkowski, Walt (editor)

    1989-01-01

    The launch of Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) and the definition of Earth Observing System (EOS) are two of the major events at NASA-Goddard. The three experiments contained in COBE (Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR), Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS), and Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE)) are very important in measuring the big bang. DMR measures the isotropy of the cosmic background (direction of the radiation). FIRAS looks at the spectrum over the whole sky, searching for deviations, and DIRBE operates in the infrared part of the spectrum gathering evidence of the earliest galaxy formation. By special techniques, the radiation coming from the solar system will be distinguished from that of extragalactic origin. Unique graphics will be used to represent the temperature of the emitting material. A cosmic event will be modeled of such importance that it will affect cosmological theory for generations to come. EOS will monitor changes in the Earth's geophysics during a whole solar color cycle.

  7. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    SciTech Connect

    2014-10-31

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  8. REGISTRATION OF 'BONANZA' BIG BLUESTEM

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Bonanza big bluestem [Andropogon gerardii Vitman.] (PI 641701) is a broadly adapted perennial warm-season grass cultivar that produces forage with high in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) when grown in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5 and lower Plant Hardiness Zone 4 of the Central Plains and Midwe...

  9. Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from

    E-print Network

    Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from coastal habitat restoration America's coasts are vital to our-90% of the recreational fish catch. Restoring our coasts can create more than 30 jobs for each million dollars invested. That's more than twice as many jobs as the oil and gas and road construction industries combined

  10. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and neutrinos

    E-print Network

    F. L. Villante; A. D. Dolgov

    2003-10-10

    We present a brief review of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). We discuss theoretical and observational uncertainties in deuterium and helium-4 primordial abundances and their implications for the determination of important cosmological parameters. We present, moreover, some recent results on active-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early universe and on their effects on BBN.

  11. China: Big Changes Coming Soon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowen, Henry S.

    2011-01-01

    Big changes are ahead for China, probably abrupt ones. The economy has grown so rapidly for many years, over 30 years at an average of nine percent a year, that its size makes it a major player in trade and finance and increasingly in political and military matters. This growth is not only of great importance internationally, it is already having…

  12. The Case for "Big History."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christian, David

    1991-01-01

    Urges an approach to the teaching of history that takes the largest possible perspective, crossing time as well as space. Discusses the problems and advantages of such an approach. Describes a course on "big" history that begins with time, creation myths, and astronomy, and moves on to paleontology and evolution. (DK)

  13. 1976 Big Thompson flood, Colorado

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jarrett, R. D., (compiler); Vandas, S.J.

    2006-01-01

    In the early evening of July 31, 1976, a large stationary thunderstorm released as much as 7.5 inches of rainfall in about an hour (about 12 inches in a few hours) in the upper reaches of the Big Thompson River drainage. This large amount of rainfall in such a short period of time produced a flash flood that caught residents and tourists by surprise. The immense volume of water that churned down the narrow Big Thompson Canyon scoured the river channel and destroyed everything in its path, including 418 homes, 52 businesses, numerous bridges, paved and unpaved roads, power and telephone lines, and many other structures. The tragedy claimed the lives of 144 people. Scores of other people narrowly escaped with their lives. The Big Thompson flood ranks among the deadliest of Colorado's recorded floods. It is one of several destructive floods in the United States that has shown the necessity of conducting research to determine the causes and effects of floods. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducts research and operates a Nationwide streamgage network to help understand and predict the magnitude and likelihood of large streamflow events such as the Big Thompson Flood. Such research and streamgage information are part of an ongoing USGS effort to reduce flood hazards and to increase public awareness.

  14. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2015-01-07

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  15. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and neutrinos

    E-print Network

    Villante, F L

    2003-01-01

    We present a brief review of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). We discuss theoretical and observational uncertainties in deuterium and helium-4 primordial abundances and their implications for the determination of important cosmological parameters. We present, moreover, some recent results on active-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early universe and on their effects on BBN.

  16. Before the next big one.

    PubMed

    2008-07-01

    The China earthquake, 2008. New Orleans' Hurricane Katrina, 2005. The Indonesian tsunami, 2004. These are the Big Ones that startle the front pages and bring disaster home. But the lasting story lies behind the headlines where vulnerabilities are laid bare, and between the disasters themselves, where the opportunity for mitigation begins. PMID:21487360

  17. Big6 Turbotools and Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tooley, Melinda

    2005-01-01

    The different tools that are helpful during the Synthesis stage, their role in boosting students abilities in Synthesis and the way in which it can be customized to meet the needs of each group of students are discussed. Big6 TurboTools offers several tools to help complete the task. In Synthesis stage, these same tools along with Turbo Report and…

  18. OAP- OFFICE AUTOMATION PILOT GRAPHICS DATABASE SYSTEM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ackerson, T.

    1994-01-01

    The Office Automation Pilot (OAP) Graphics Database system offers the IBM PC user assistance in producing a wide variety of graphs and charts. OAP uses a convenient database system, called a chartbase, for creating and maintaining data associated with the charts, and twelve different graphics packages are available to the OAP user. Each of the graphics capabilities is accessed in a similar manner. The user chooses creation, revision, or chartbase/slide show maintenance options from an initial menu. The user may then enter or modify data displayed on a graphic chart. The cursor moves through the chart in a "circular" fashion to facilitate data entries and changes. Various "help" functions and on-screen instructions are available to aid the user. The user data is used to generate the graphics portion of the chart. Completed charts may be displayed in monotone or color, printed, plotted, or stored in the chartbase on the IBM PC. Once completed, the charts may be put in a vector format and plotted for color viewgraphs. The twelve graphics capabilities are divided into three groups: Forms, Structured Charts, and Block Diagrams. There are eight Forms available: 1) Bar/Line Charts, 2) Pie Charts, 3) Milestone Charts, 4) Resources Charts, 5) Earned Value Analysis Charts, 6) Progress/Effort Charts, 7) Travel/Training Charts, and 8) Trend Analysis Charts. There are three Structured Charts available: 1) Bullet Charts, 2) Organization Charts, and 3) Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Charts. The Block Diagram available is an N x N Chart. Each graphics capability supports a chartbase. The OAP graphics database system provides the IBM PC user with an effective means of managing data which is best interpreted as a graphic display. The OAP graphics database system is written in IBM PASCAL 2.0 and assembler for interactive execution on an IBM PC or XT with at least 384K of memory, and a color graphics adapter and monitor. Printed charts require an Epson, IBM, OKIDATA, or HP Laser printer (or equivalent). Plots require the Tektronix 4662 Penplotter. Source code is supplied to the user for modification and customizing. Executables are also supplied for all twelve graphics capabilities. This system was developed in 1983, and Version 3.1 was released in 1986.

  19. A synthesis of research on color, typography and graphics as they relate to readability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamoreaux, M. E.

    1985-09-01

    A foundation for future research on the use of color, typography, and graphics to improve readability is provided. Articles from the broad fields of education and psychology, as well as from the fields of journalism and printing, have been reviewed for research relating color, typography, and graphics to reading ease, speed, or comprehension. The most relevant articles reviewed are presented in an annoated bibliography; the remaining articles are also presented in bibliographic format. This literature review indicates that recognition and recall of printed material may be improved through the use of headings, underlining, color, and, especially, illustrations. Current research suggests that individuals can remember pictures far longer than past research indicates. However, researchers are divided on the usefulness of illustrations to improve reading comprehension. On the other hand, reading comprehension can be improved through the use of statistical graphs and tables if the reader is properly trained in the use of these devices.

  20. Touch-sensitive colour graphics enhance monitoring of loss-of-coolant accident tests

    SciTech Connect

    Snedden, M.D.; Mead, G.L.

    1982-02-01

    A stand-alone computer-based system with an intelligent colour termimal is described for monitoring parameters during loss-of-coolant accident tests. Colour graphic displays and touch-sensitive control have been combined for effective operator interaction. Data collected by the host MODCOMP II minicomputer are dynamically updated on colour pictures generated by the terminal. Experimenters select system functions by touching simulated switches on a transparent touch-sensitive overlay, mounted directly over the face of the colour screen, eliminating the need for a keyboard. Switch labels and colours are changed on the screen by the terminal software as different functions are selected. Interaction is self-prompting and can be learned quickly. System operation for a complete set of 20 tests has demonstrated the convenience of interactive touchsensitive colour graphics.

  1. The BigBoss Experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Schelgel, D.; Abdalla, F.; Abraham, T.; Ahn, C.; Allende Prieto, C.; Annis, J.; Aubourg, E.; Azzaro, M.; Bailey, S.; Baltay, C.; Baugh, C.; Bebek, C.; Becerril, S.; Blanton, M.; Bolton, A.; Bromley, B.; Cahn, R.; Carton, P.-H.; Cervanted-Cota, J.L.; Chu, Y.; Cortes, M.; /APC, Paris /Brookhaven /IRFU, Saclay /Marseille, CPPM /Marseille, CPT /Durham U. / /IEU, Seoul /Fermilab /IAA, Granada /IAC, La Laguna / /IAC, Mexico / / /Madrid, IFT /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys. / / /New York U. /Valencia U.

    2012-06-07

    BigBOSS is a Stage IV ground-based dark energy experiment to study baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the growth of structure with a wide-area galaxy and quasar redshift survey over 14,000 square degrees. It has been conditionally accepted by NOAO in response to a call for major new instrumentation and a high-impact science program for the 4-m Mayall telescope at Kitt Peak. The BigBOSS instrument is a robotically-actuated, fiber-fed spectrograph capable of taking 5000 simultaneous spectra over a wavelength range from 340 nm to 1060 nm, with a resolution R = {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} = 3000-4800. Using data from imaging surveys that are already underway, spectroscopic targets are selected that trace the underlying dark matter distribution. In particular, targets include luminous red galaxies (LRGs) up to z = 1.0, extending the BOSS LRG survey in both redshift and survey area. To probe the universe out to even higher redshift, BigBOSS will target bright [OII] emission line galaxies (ELGs) up to z = 1.7. In total, 20 million galaxy redshifts are obtained to measure the BAO feature, trace the matter power spectrum at smaller scales, and detect redshift space distortions. BigBOSS will provide additional constraints on early dark energy and on the curvature of the universe by measuring the Ly-alpha forest in the spectra of over 600,000 2.2 < z < 3.5 quasars. BigBOSS galaxy BAO measurements combined with an analysis of the broadband power, including the Ly-alpha forest in BigBOSS quasar spectra, achieves a FOM of 395 with Planck plus Stage III priors. This FOM is based on conservative assumptions for the analysis of broad band power (k{sub max} = 0.15), and could grow to over 600 if current work allows us to push the analysis to higher wave numbers (k{sub max} = 0.3). BigBOSS will also place constraints on theories of modified gravity and inflation, and will measure the sum of neutrino masses to 0.024 eV accuracy.

  2. BIG DEFORMATIONS NEAR INFINITY CHRISTOPHER J. BISHOP

    E-print Network

    Bishop, Christopher

    BIG DEFORMATIONS NEAR INFINITY CHRISTOPHER J. BISHOP Abstract. In a related paper we showed that Ruelle's property for a Fuchsian group G fails if the group has a condition we called `big deformations will also give examples of groups which do not have big deformations near in#12;nity. Date: January 24, 2002

  3. Judging Big Deals: Challenges, Outcomes, and Advice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glasser, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    This article reports the results of an analysis of five Big Deal electronic journal packages to which Hofstra University's Axinn Library subscribes. COUNTER usage reports were used to judge the value of each Big Deal. Limitations of usage statistics are also discussed. In the end, the author concludes that four of the five Big Deals are good…

  4. Original Article Burning and Mowing Wyoming Big

    E-print Network

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    Original Article Burning and Mowing Wyoming Big Sagebrush: Do Treated Sites Meet Minimum Guidelines, WY 82071, USA ABSTRACT Wyoming big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata wyomingensis) treatments are often, USA. We compared minimum guidelines for canopy cover and height of Wyoming big sagebrush and perennial

  5. FRW Universe The Hot Big Bang

    E-print Network

    Weijgaert, Rien van de

    FRW Universe & The Hot Big Bang: #12;Adiabatic Expansion From the Friedmann equations is the essence behind what we commonly denote as Hot Big Bang From this evolution of temperature we can thus reconstruct the detailed Cosmic Thermal History #12;The Universe: the Hot Big Bang Timeline: the Cosmic

  6. A survey of big data research

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Hua; Zhang, Zhaoyang; Wang, Chanpaul Jin; Daneshmand, Mahmoud; Wang, Chonggang; Wang, Honggang

    2015-01-01

    Big data create values for business and research, but pose significant challenges in terms of networking, storage, management, analytics and ethics. Multidisciplinary collaborations from engineers, computer scientists, statisticians and social scientists are needed to tackle, discover and understand big data. This survey presents an overview of big data initiatives, technologies and research in industries and academia, and discusses challenges and potential solutions. PMID:26504265

  7. WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIG DATA DRIVEN

    E-print Network

    WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIG DATA DRIVEN BUSINESS ANALYTICS: We are just getting started! Ratna Babu Chinnam, Ph.D. Co-Director, Big Data & Business Analytics Group Professor, Industrial & Systems Engineering Wayne State University Lead, Business Analytics Spoke, NSF's Midwest Big Data Innovation Hub (MBDH

  8. Querying Big, Dynamic, Distributed Data Minos Garofalakis

    E-print Network

    Garofalakis, Minos

    , Greece minos@softnet.tuc.gr http://www.softnet.tuc.gr/~minos/ ABSTRACT Effective Big Data analytics pose. Keywords Big data analytics; Distributed data streams; Continuous queries; approximate query processingNet). Prof. Garofalakis' research focuses on Big Data analytics, spanning areas such as database systems

  9. Big Sagebrush Seed Bank Densities Following Wildfires

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Big sagebrush (Artemisia sp.) is a critical shrub to such sagebrush obligate species as sage grouse, (Centocercus urophasianus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis). Big sagebrush do not sprout after wildfires wildfires and big sagebrush seed is generally sho...

  10. "Big data" workshop Digital Reading Network

    E-print Network

    Bradstock, Burton

    is not necessarily a big number In the social sciences: whole population studies instead of e.g. sample surveys #12"Big data" workshop Digital Reading Network 6th March 2014, Sheffield Andrew Salway, Uni Research, Bergen Daniel Allington, The Open University #12;Overview · What does big data mean (for social science

  11. Big Data in Technology Services Mathew Benwell

    E-print Network

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    Big Data in Technology Services #12;Presenter Mathew Benwell Security Specialist Click here to watch online video University of Adelaide 2 #12;What is Big Data ­ 3 V's University of Adelaide 3 #12;Our Big Data Platform ­ Splunk> · The most asked question! Where did the name Splunk come from

  12. Statistical Design, Analysis and Graphics for the Guadalupe

    E-print Network

    Statistical Design, Analysis and Graphics for the Guadalupe River Assessment Technical Memoranda Science Center (2013). Statistical Design, Analysis and Graphics for the Guadalupe River Assessment...................................................................................................... 7 Study Design

  13. Big Data - Smart Health Strategies

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives To select best papers published in 2013 in the field of big data and smart health strategies, and summarize outstanding research efforts. Methods A systematic search was performed using two major bibliographic databases for relevant journal papers. The references obtained were reviewed in a two-stage process, starting with a blinded review performed by the two section editors, and followed by a peer review process operated by external reviewers recognized as experts in the field. Results The complete review process selected four best papers, illustrating various aspects of the special theme, among them: (a) using large volumes of unstructured data and, specifically, clinical notes from Electronic Health Records (EHRs) for pharmacovigilance; (b) knowledge discovery via querying large volumes of complex (both structured and unstructured) biological data using big data technologies and relevant tools; (c) methodologies for applying cloud computing and big data technologies in the field of genomics, and (d) system architectures enabling high-performance access to and processing of large datasets extracted from EHRs. Conclusions The potential of big data in biomedicine has been pinpointed in various viewpoint papers and editorials. The review of current scientific literature illustrated a variety of interesting methods and applications in the field, but still the promises exceed the current outcomes. As we are getting closer towards a solid foundation with respect to common understanding of relevant concepts and technical aspects, and the use of standardized technologies and tools, we can anticipate to reach the potential that big data offer for personalized medicine and smart health strategies in the near future. PMID:25123721

  14. Rethinking Abstractions for Big Data: Why, Where, How, and What

    E-print Network

    , analytical tools and human understanding [7]. Numerous lessons on the scalability of big data can already the where (big data systems), the how (big data algorithms), and the what (big data analytics) challenges What? Big Data Analytics How? communication space CPU cycles resilience 010 Big Data Algorithms Figure

  15. Rolling the Dice on Big Data Department of Mathematics

    E-print Network

    Ipsen, Ilse

    Rolling the Dice on Big Data Ilse Ipsen Department of Mathematics #12;The Economist, 27 February on Big Data What is "Big"? #12;Measuring Units 1 byte 1 character 10 bytes 1 word 100 bytes 1 sentence #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big

  16. Visualizing and Integrating AFSCN Utilization into a Common Operational Picture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hays, B.; Carlile, A.; Mitchell, T.

    The Department of Defense (DoD) and the 50th Space Network Operations Group Studies and Analysis branch (50th SCS/SCXI), located at Schriever AFB Colorado, face the unique challenge of forecasting the expected near term and future utilization of the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN). The forecasting timeframe covers the planned load from the current date to ten years out. The various satellite missions, satellite requirements, orbital regions, and ground architecture dynamics provide the model inputs and constraints that are used in generating the forecasted load. The AFSCN is the largest network the Air Force uses to control satellites worldwide. Each day, network personnel perform over 500 scheduled events-from satellite maneuvers to critical data downloads. The Forecasting Objective is to provide leadership with the insights necessary to manage the network today and tomorrow. For both today's needs and future needs, SCXI develops AFSCN utilization forecasts to optimize the ground system's coverage and capacity to meet user satellite requirements. SCXI also performs satellite program specific studies to determine network support feasibility. STK and STK Scheduler form the core of the tools used by SCXI. To establish this tool suite, we had to evaluate, evolve, and validate both the COTS products and our own developed code and processes. This began with calibrating the network model to emulate the real life scheduling environment of the AFSCN. Multiple STK Scheduler optimizing (de-confliction) algorithms, including Multi-Pass, Sequential, Random, and Neural, were evaluated and adjusted to determine applicability to the model and the accuracy of the prediction. Additionally, the scheduling Figure of Merit (FOM), which permits custom weighting of various parameters, was analyzed and tested to achieve the most accurate real life result. With the inherent capabilities of STK and the ability to wrap and automate output, SCXI is now able to visually communicate satellite loads in a manner never seen before in AFSCN management meetings. Scenarios such as regional antenna load stress, satellite missed opportunities, and the overall network "big picture" can be visually displayed in 3D versus the textual and line graph methods used for many years. This is the first step towards an integrated space awareness picture with an operational focus. SCXI is working on taking the visual forecast concept farther and begin fusing multiple sources of data to build a 50 SW Common Operating Picture (COP). The vision is to integrate more effective orbital determination processes, resource outages, current and forecasted satellite mission requirements, and future architectural changes into a real-time visual status to enable quick and responsive decisions. This COP would be utilized in a Wing Operations Center to provide up to the minute network status on where satellites are, which ground resources are in contact with them, and what resources are down. The ability to quickly absorb and process this data will enhance decision analysis and save valuable time in both day to day operations and wartime scenarios.

  17. Application of Ontologies for Big Earth Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, T.; Chang, G.; Armstrong, E. M.; Boening, C.

    2014-12-01

    Connected data is smarter data! Earth Science research infrastructure must do more than just being able to support temporal, geospatial discovery of satellite data. As the Earth Science data archives continue to expand across NASA data centers, the research communities are demanding smarter data services. A successful research infrastructure must be able to present researchers the complete picture, that is, datasets with linked citations, related interdisciplinary data, imageries, current events, social media discussions, and scientific data tools that are relevant to the particular dataset. The popular Semantic Web for Earth and Environmental Terminology (SWEET) ontologies is a collection of ontologies and concepts designed to improve discovery and application of Earth Science data. The SWEET ontologies collection was initially developed to capture the relationships between keywords in the NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD). Over the years this popular ontologies collection has expanded to cover over 200 ontologies and 6000 concepts to enable scalable classification of Earth system science concepts and Space science. This presentation discusses the semantic web technologies as the enabling technology for data-intensive science. We will discuss the application of the SWEET ontologies as a critical component in knowledge-driven research infrastructure for some of the recent projects, which include the DARPA Ontological System for Context Artifact and Resources (OSCAR), 2013 NASA ACCESS Virtual Quality Screening Service (VQSS), and the 2013 NASA Sea Level Change Portal (SLCP) projects. The presentation will also discuss the benefits in using semantic web technologies in developing research infrastructure for Big Earth Science Data in an attempt to "accommodate all domains and provide the necessary glue for information to be cross-linked, correlated, and discovered in a semantically rich manner." [1] [1] Savas Parastatidis: A platform for all that we know: creating a knowledge-driven research infrastructure. The Fourth Paradigm 2009: 165-172

  18. Interactive Database Access with Statistics and Graphics

    E-print Network

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    DbAccess The Manual Interactive Database Access with Statistics and Graphics Version 2.1.1 D. M ................................................................................................ 4 IV. SELECTING DATA FROM THE DATABASE ............................................................................................ 29 XI. WORKING WITH A DIFFERENT DATABASE

  19. Nonlinear Evolutionary PDE's for Imaging and Graphics

    E-print Network

    Moroz, Vitaly

    Nonlinear Evolutionary PDE's for Imaging and Graphics Alexander Belyaev (Heriot-Watt University, UK) Abstract In the past few years, methods based on nonlinear evolutionary partial differential equations has detection and adaptive smoothing; ­ Bilateral filter and its generalizations. 1 #12;

  20. Realtime multi-plot graphics system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shipkowski, Michael S.

    1990-01-01

    The increased complexity of test operations and customer requirements at Langley Research Center's National Transonic Facility (NTF) surpassed the capabilities of the initial realtime graphics system. The analysis of existing hardware and software and the enhancements made to develop a new realtime graphics system are described. The result of this effort is a cost effective system, based on hardware already in place, that support high speed, high resolution, generation and display of multiple realtime plots. The enhanced graphics system (EGS) meets the current and foreseeable future realtime graphics requirements of the NTF. While this system was developed to support wind tunnel operations, the overall design and capability of the system is applicable to other realtime data acquisition systems that have realtime plot requirements.