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1

Science's Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of science is a moving target, and its ever-shifting horizons can best be gleaned by the contents of scientific journals. However, the bigger picture of the scientific enterprise, which also encompasses its past, its future, and its overarching philosophies, can often be better represented through the more reflective pace of popular…

Sapp, Gregg

2007-01-01

2

Getting the picture [computer graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the time we work hard to create sharp and clear images. After all, we make our pictures to communicate our message as clearly as possible. Pictures meant for utilitarian purposes should be simple and direct. For example, if you need to change a photocopier part, you want the repair diagram to be uncluttered and comprehensible. There are also

A. Glassner

2002-01-01

3

The Big Picture Book of Viruses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Big Picture Book of Viruses is intended to serve as both a catalog of virus pictures on the Internet and as an educational resource to those users seeking more information about viruses," claims the site's founder, Dr. Robert F. Garry of Tulane University School of Medicine. From the left-hand column of Big Picture Book's homepage, you can access color images of viruses by name, structure/genome, host, or associated disease (the images are held on external Websites from a variety of research institutions). Many of the images are from electron microscopes or x-ray diffractors, and others are computer-generated simulations or prepared specimen slides. Along with mug shots of Nucleopolyhedrovirus, Lipothrixvirus and Chlamydiamicrovirus, to name just a few, comes a wealth of text and links. Links take users to sites on virus structure, viral taxonomy, Web courses, tutorials, and much more. Besides The Big Picture Book of Viruses, Dr. Garry maintains a Website entitled All the Virology on the Web, that Scout Project editors discovered and reviewed in its infancy in the November 17, 1995 _Scout Report.

1995-01-01

4

Science is Part of the Big Picture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By becoming active learners themselves, teachers recognize that science is part of the "big picture," and they are able to link newly constructed ideas about active learning to other pedagogical initiatives. It is important not to neglect theory if teachers are to develop a model that assists them in modifying their instructional approaches and that makes sense of professional development activities. This free chapter includes a Table of Contents and Introduction.

Anita Greenwood

2002-01-01

5

The big picture Victoria University of Wellington  

E-print Network

te Ika a Maui VUW Cosmology: Dark energy, dark matter, and all that... Matt Visser Sunday May 24 2009 -- Te Papa Matt Visser Cosmology: Dark energy, dark matter, and all that... #12;Abstract Basics The big precision science; other aspects are much more uncertain. I will discuss dark matter, dark energy

Visser, Matt

6

National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Big Picture on Exploration  

E-print Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Big Picture on Exploration Planning: Human Exploration and Operations 3 #12;Human Space Exploration Architecture Planning · Human spaceflight: International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) Created · 2009: Review of U.S. HSF Plans Committee

Waliser, Duane E.

7

Big Picture: The Cell contents by topic Animal cells  

E-print Network

Big Picture: The Cell ­ contents by topic Animal cells · Poster showing a typical animal cell and some surprising statistics (A1 version) [PDF] · Poster showing a typical animal cell and some surprising statistics (A3 version) [PDF] Cell division · Image gallery of cell division (mitosis

Rambaut, Andrew

8

Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato  

E-print Network

Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* J. Hansen, M. Sato NASA Goddard;Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture* Jim Hansen March 11, 2009 Climate. Air Pollutant Climate Forcings within the Big Climate Picture co-authors or colleagues providing data

Hansen, James E.

9

The Big Picture; A Classroom Activity for Organic Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the article "The Big Picture: A Classroom Activity for Organic Chemistry", Thomas Poon makes interesting use of the device exploited by Istvan Banyai in his Zoom books to help students of organic chemistry make connections between the molecular world and ways in which those molecules are important in daily life. The paper should have appeal at all levels of science education from the time the idea of molecules is first introduced through college-level courses. Along the way, students will encounter important biological molecules (such as chlorophyll), inks (such as pen ink), CFCs, hydrocarbon fuels, plastics (such as Lexan polycarbonate), and molecules with medical applications (such as aspirin and novocaine).

10

Lesson ideas for Big Picture: Inside the Brain Big Picture: Inside the Brain explores how imaging research has changed the way we look inside one of our  

E-print Network

.wellcome.ac.uk/bigpicture/brain, which is about how your brain sends messages all over your body. Potential follow-up questions on the nervous system and synapses Big Picture has an animation (`the action potential') at www example can be seen at www.s-cool.co.uk/a-level/biology/nervous-and-hormonal-control

Rambaut, Andrew

11

Picture This: Processes Prompted by Graphics in Informational Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Verbal protocols have provided literacy researchers with a strong understanding of what processes readers (both adults and children) use as they read narrative and informational text. Little is known, however, about the comprehension processes that are prompted by the graphics in these texts. This study of nine second graders used verbal protocol…

Norman, Rebecca R.

2010-01-01

12

Picture This: Processes Prompted by Graphics in Informational Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Verbal protocols have provided literacy researchers with a strong understanding of what processes readers (both adults and children) use as they read narrative and informational text. Little is known, however, about the comprehension processes that are prompted by the graphics in these texts. This study of nine second graders used verbal protocol methodology to investigate what processes were prompted by

Rebecca R. Norman

13

The Big Picture? Video and the Representation of Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers who use video to record interactions usually need to translate the video data into another medium at some stage in order to facilitate its analysis and dissemination. This article considers some methodological issues that arise in this process by examining transcripts, diagrams and pictures as examples of different techniques for…

Plowman, Lydia; Stephen, Christine

2008-01-01

14

The Big Picture: Responding to Challenges Arising in International Family Law  

E-print Network

The Big Picture: Responding to Challenges Arising in International Family Law CHARLES DARWIN Address ­ Professor Barney Glover, Charles Darwin University 5.45pm ­ 6.00pm Welcome Address on behalf Justice Diana Bryant AO 6.45pm ­ 7.00pm Q & A session 7.00pm End of function 2 Charles Darwin University

15

Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD  

E-print Network

1 Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD Presented to isolate nuclear waste successfully from the biosphere for the long term can be developed if our society to this impasse? In the 1940's at the beginning of the nuclear age, nuclear waste was seen as a "problem" only

California at Santa Cruz, University of

16

The Big Picture: Britain and China and the future of capitalism  

E-print Network

The Big Picture: Britain and China and the future of capitalism June 13, 2006 This paper looks at the economic trajectory of Britain from the late 19th century to help understand how China is going to develop. These same processes will come into operation in China with major effects on the evolution of global

Cockshott, W. Paul

17

The Big Picture: The National Achievement Agenda and Minority Ethnic Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes issues of minority student achievement in the context of United Kingdom government policies and the government's Standards and Effectiveness Unit (SEU). Discusses: (1) the big picture; (2) data on ethnic student achievement; (3) SEU policies; (4) government approaches to the Ethnic Minority Achievement Grant; and (5) issues for the…

Barber, Michael

1999-01-01

18

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining  

E-print Network

Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~agray/6240spr11 IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

Gray, Alexander

19

Maintaining a consistent big picture: Meaningful use of a web-based POC EHR system  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the hypothesis that HANDS “big picture summary” can be implemented uniformly across diverse settings and result in positive RN and plan of care (POC) data outcomes across time. Design In a longitudinal, multi-site, full test design, a representative convenience sample of 8 medical-surgical units from 4 hospitals (1 university, 2 large community, and 1 small community) in one Midwestern state implemented the HANDS intervention for 24 (4 units) or 12 (4 units) months. Measurements 1) RN outcomes - percentage completing training, satisfaction with standardized terminologies, perception of HANDS usefulness, POC submission compliance rate. 2) POC data outcomes – validity (rate of optional changes/episode); reliability of terms and ratings; and volume of standardized data generated. Results 100% of the RNs who worked on the 8 study units successfully completed the required standardized training; all units selected participated for the entire 12- or 24-month designated period; compliance rates for POC entry at every patient handoff were 78% to 92%; reliability coefficients for use of the standardized terms and ratings were moderately strong; the pattern of optional POC change per episode declined but remained reasonable across time; the nurses generated a database of 40,747 episodes of care. Limitations Only RNs and medical-surgical units participated. Conclusion It is possible to effectively standardize the capture and visualization of useful “big picture” healthcare information across diverse settings. Findings offer a viable alternative to the current practice of introducing new health information layers that ultimately increase the complexity and inconsistency of information for front line users. PMID:23043651

Keenan, Gail M.; Yakel, Elizabeth; Yao, Yingwei; Xu, Dianhui; Szalacha, Laura; Tschannen, Dana; Ford, Yvonne; Chen, Yu-Chung; Johnson, Andrew; Lopez, Karen Dunn; Wilkie, Diana J.

2013-01-01

20

GRAMPS: a graphics language interpreter for real-time, interactive, three-dimensional picture editing and animation  

SciTech Connect

GRAMPS, a graphics language interpreter has been developed in FORTRAN 77 to be used in conjunction with an interactive vector display list processor (Evans and Sutherland Multi-Picture-System). Several of the features of the language make it very useful and convenient for real-time scene construction, manipulation and animation. The GRAMPS language syntax allows natural interaction with scene elements as well as easy, interactive assignment of graphics input devices. GRAMPS facilitates the creation, manipulation and copying of complex nested picture structures. The language has a powerful macro feature that enables new graphics commands to be developed and incorporated interactively. Animation may be achieved in GRAMPS by two different, yet mutually compatible means. Picture structures may contain framed data, which consist of a sequence of fixed objects. These structures may be displayed sequentially to give a traditional frame animation effect. In addition, transformation information on picture structures may be saved at any time in the form of new macro commands that will transform these structures from one saved state to another in a specified number of steps, yielding an interpolated transformation animation effect. An overview of the GRAMPS command structure is given and several examples of application of the language to molecular modeling and animation are presented.

O'Donnell, T.J.; Olson, A.J.

1981-08-01

21

Seeing big things: overestimation of heights is greater for real objects than for objects in pictures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In six experiments we demonstrate that the vertical-horizontal illusion that is evoked when viewing photographs and line drawings is relatively small, whereas the magnitude of this illusion when large objects are viewed is at least twice as great. Furthermore, we show that the illusion is due more to vertical overestimation than horizontal underestimation. The lack of a difference in vertical overestimation between pictures and line drawings suggests that vertical overestimation in pictures depends solely on the perceived physical size of the projection on the picture surface, rather than on what is apparent about an object's represented size. The vertical-horizontal illusion is influenced by perceived physical size. It is greater when viewing large objects than small pictures of these same objects, even when visual angles are equated.

Yang, T. L.; Dixon, M. W.; Proffitt, D. R.; Kaiser, M. K. (Principal Investigator)

1999-01-01

22

The mission events graphic generator software: A small tool with big results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Utilization of graphics has long been a useful methodology for many aspects of spacecraft operations. A personal computer based software tool that implements straight-forward graphics and greatly enhances spacecraft operations is presented. This unique software tool is the Mission Events Graphic Generator (MEGG) software which is used in support of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Project. MEGG reads the HST mission schedule and generates a graphical timeline.

Lupisella, Mark; Leibee, Jack; Scaffidi, Charles

1993-01-01

23

Project VITA: Graphic Arts Communication. A Picture Dictionary for Resource Room Instruction. Module I, Lessons 1-9. Teacher's Manual [and] Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains module 1 of a picture dictionary for resource room instruction. The dictionary accompanies a phototypesetting curriculum designed to provide supplemental instruction to handicapped students who are mainstreamed in a regular vocational graphic arts program. Module 1 contains nine vocabulary lessons. Each lesson provides…

Gardner, David C.; Kurtz, Margaret A.

24

Project VITA: Graphic Arts Communication. A Picture Dictionary for Resource Room Instruction. Module II, Lessons 10-12. Teacher's Manual [and] Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains module 2 of a picture dictionary for resource room instruction. The dictionary accompanies a phototypesetting curriculum designed to provide supplemental instruction to handicapped students who are mainstreamed in a regular vocational graphic arts program. Module 2 contains three vocabulary lessons. Each lesson provides…

Gardner, David C.; Kurtz, Margaret A.

25

Lesson ideas for Food and Diet Big Picture: Food and Diet explores current research and associated societal issues about food production  

E-print Network

feeding pupils a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids to improve brain function (see pages 8­9 of Big Picture only serve lunches high in omega-3 fatty acids". Find out how much vitamin C is in fruit juice

Rambaut, Andrew

26

Projectors: The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, projection systems were large, heavy, and unwieldy and cost $3,000 to $5,000. Setup was fraught with the challenges of multiple wires plugged into the backs of desktop computers, often causing confusion about what went where. Systems were sometimes so difficult to set up that teachers had to spend pre-class time putting them together.…

Gamble-Risley, Michelle

2006-01-01

27

Big Picture Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some experts suggest that people who are underrepresented in science often have difficulty expressing their ideas and participating in classrooms where traditional methods of instruction are used because they may feel uncomfortable with the limited roles

Behm, Charlotte

2001-03-01

28

The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of chemistry in daily life of the students is discussed. The approach provides a connection between the details of molecular structure, bonding and reactivity with many aspects of the impact of chemistry on the society.

Coleman, William F.

2004-01-01

29

The Very Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education systems are of great importance in the evolving economic and social world order. Certain policies will improve British educational outcomes and practices considerably. Advances are needed in many areas: global knowledge management, extended international networks, public/private collaboration, applied brain research, and education…

Barber, Michael

2001-01-01

30

Using Graphical Processing Units to Accelerate Orthorectification, Atmospheric Correction and Transformations for Big Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are high-performance multiple-core processors capable of very high computational speeds and large data throughput. Modern GPUs are inexpensive and widely available commercially. These are general-purpose parallel processors with support for a variety of programming interfaces, including industry standard languages such as C. GPU implementations of algorithms that are well suited for parallel processing can often achieve speedups of several orders of magnitude over optimized CPU codes. Significant improvements in speeds for imagery orthorectification, atmospheric correction, target detection and image transformations like Independent Components Analsyis (ICA) have been achieved using GPU-based implementations. Additional optimizations, when factored in with GPU processing capabilities, can provide 50x - 100x reduction in the time required to process large imagery. Exelis Visual Information Solutions (VIS) has implemented a CUDA based GPU processing frame work for accelerating ENVI and IDL processes that can best take advantage of parallelization. Testing Exelis VIS has performed shows that orthorectification can take as long as two hours with a WorldView1 35,0000 x 35,000 pixel image. With GPU orthorecification, the same orthorectification process takes three minutes. By speeding up image processing, imagery can successfully be used by first responders, scientists making rapid discoveries with near real time data, and provides an operational component to data centers needing to quickly process and disseminate data.

O'Connor, A. S.; Justice, B.; Harris, A. T.

2013-12-01

31

Temporal changes in methane stable isotopes in polar ice cores: big picture and implications for ecosystem changes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane (CH4) is the third most important greenhouse gas after water vapour and carbon dioxide (CO2). Since the industrial revolution the mixing ratio of CH4 in the atmosphere rose to ~1800 ppb, a value never reached within the last 800 000 years. Nowadays, CH4 contributes ~20% to the total radiative forcing from all of the long-lived greenhouse gases. This CH4 increase can only be assessed in relation to natural methane changes in the past. Firn air and air enclosures in polar ice cores represent the only direct paleoatmospheric archive. The latter show that atmospheric CH4 concentrations changed in concert with northern hemisphere temperature during both glacial/interglacial transitions as well as rapid climate changes (Dansgaard-Oeschger events), however, the sources of the methane concentration changes are still a matter of debate. Stable isotopes of methane (?13CH4 and ?D(CH4)) may help to distinguish differences in the magnitude of source type emissions (e.g. Bock et al. 2010). However, recently we could show that it is difficult to interpret the atmospheric loading of methane by relative source mix changes alone (Möller et al. 2013). In fact it appears, that the carbon isotopic signature (?13CH4) of e.g. tropical wetlands undergoes drastic shifts connected to climate, CO2, sea level or potentially other unknown processes. Here we present the big picture derived from the EDML (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica, Dronning Maud Land) and Vostok ice cores (Möller et al. 2013) and additional new dual isotope data from 4 ice cores from both poles that cover three interglacials: the Holocene, MIS 5 and MIS 11. The contribution sheds light on our current understanding of methane biogeochemistry and discusses open questions. References: Bock, M., J. Schmitt, L. Möller, R. Spahni, T. Blunier, H. Fischer (2010). 'Hydrogen Isotopes Preclude Marine Hydrate CH4 Emissions at the Onset of Dansgaard-Oeschger Events', Science, 328, 1686-1689 Möller, L., T. Sowers, M. Bock, R. Spahni, M. Behrens, J. Schmitt, H. Miller and H. Fischer (2013). "Independent variations of CH4 emissions and isotopic composition over the past 160,000 years" Nature Geoscience, 10.1038/ngeo1922. Bock, M., J. Schmitt, J. Beck, R. Schneider, H. Fischer (2013). "Improving accuracy and precision of ice core ?D(CH4) analyses using methane pre- and hydrogen post-pyrolysis trapping and subsequent chromatographic separation', Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 6, 11279-11307, doi:10.5194/amtd-6-11279-2013, 2013. Schmitt J., B. Seth, M. Bock and H. Fischer (2014). "Online technique for isotope and mixing ratios of CH4, N2O, Xe and mixing ratios of organic trace gases on a single ice core sample', submitted to Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.

Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Seth, Barbara; Beck, Jonas; Fischer, Hubertus

2014-05-01

32

Chemistry--The Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemistry produces materials and releases energy by ionic or electronic rearrangements. Three structure types affect the ease with which a reaction occurs. In the Earth's crust, "solid crystals" change chemically only with extreme heat and pressure, unless their fixed ions touch moving fluids. On the other hand, in living things, "liquid crystals"…

Cassell, Anne

2011-01-01

33

Knowledge From Pictures (KFP)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The old maxim goes: 'A picture is worth a thousand words'. The objective of the research reported in this paper is to demonstrate this idea as it relates to the knowledge acquisition process and the automated development of an expert system's rule base. A prototype tool, the Knowledge From Pictures (KFP) tool, has been developed which configures an expert system's rule base by an automated analysis of and reasoning about a 'picture', i.e., a graphical representation of some target system to be supported by the diagnostic capabilities of the expert system under development. This rule base, when refined, could then be used by the expert system for target system monitoring and fault analysis in an operational setting. Most people, when faced with the problem of understanding the behavior of a complicated system, resort to the use of some picture or graphical representation of the system as an aid in thinking about it. This depiction provides a means of helping the individual to visualize the bahavior and dynamics of the system under study. An analysis of the picture augmented with the individual's background information, allows the problem solver to codify knowledge about the system. This knowledge can, in turn, be used to develop computer programs to automatically monitor the system's performance. The approach taken is this research was to mimic this knowledge acquisition paradigm. A prototype tool was developed which provides the user: (1) a mechanism for graphically representing sample system-configurations appropriate for the domain, and (2) a linguistic device for annotating the graphical representation with the behaviors and mutual influences of the components depicted in the graphic. The KFP tool, reasoning from the graphical depiction along with user-supplied annotations of component behaviors and inter-component influences, generates a rule base that could be used in automating the fault detection, isolation, and repair of the system.

Truszkowski, Walt; Paterra, Frank; Bailin, Sidney

1993-01-01

34

Plant Cycle Graphic Organizer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides 2 picture examples of a strategy for using a specific graphic organizer to help students learn the parts of a plant. This strategy can be used by students to represent a variety of concepts across subject areas.

Heather Heiblum

2012-04-30

35

Big Thompson River Flooding  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The USGS Big Thompson River at Loveland streamgage, pictured here, was damaged during the September 2013 Colorado flood event. USGS crews installed a temporary streamgage nearby to compensate for the lag in data....

36

How Computer Graphics Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the principles behind modern computer graphics without straying into the arcane languages of mathematics and computer science. Illustrations accompany the clear, step-by-step explanations that describe how computers draw pictures. The 22 chapters of the book are organized into 5 sections. "Part 1: Computer Graphics in…

Prosise, Jeff

37

Real time emotion aware applications: a case study employing emotion evocative pictures and neuro-physiological sensing enhanced by Graphic Processor Units.  

PubMed

In this paper the feasibility of adopting Graphic Processor Units towards real-time emotion aware computing is investigated for boosting the time consuming computations employed in such applications. The proposed methodology was employed in analysis of encephalographic and electrodermal data gathered when participants passively viewed emotional evocative stimuli. The GPU effectiveness when processing electroencephalographic and electrodermal recordings is demonstrated by comparing the execution time of chaos/complexity analysis through nonlinear dynamics (multi-channel correlation dimension/D2) and signal processing algorithms (computation of skin conductance level/SCL) into various popular programming environments. Apart from the beneficial role of parallel programming, the adoption of special design techniques regarding memory management may further enhance the time minimization which approximates a factor of 30 in comparison with ANSI C language (single-core sequential execution). Therefore, the use of GPU parallel capabilities offers a reliable and robust solution for real-time sensing the user's affective state. PMID:22520825

Konstantinidis, Evdokimos I; Frantzidis, Christos A; Pappas, Costas; Bamidis, Panagiotis D

2012-07-01

38

The lack of a big picture in tuberculosis: the clinical point of view, the problems of experimental modeling and immunomodulation. The factors we should consider when designing novel treatment strategies  

PubMed Central

This short review explores the large gap between clinical issues and basic science, and suggests why tuberculosis research should focus on redirect the immune system and not only on eradicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus. Along the manuscript, several concepts involved in human tuberculosis are explored in order to understand the big picture, including infection and disease dynamics, animal modeling, liquefaction, inflammation and immunomodulation. Scientists should take into account all these factors in order to answer questions with clinical relevance. Moreover, the inclusion of the concept of a strong inflammatory response being required in order to develop cavitary tuberculosis disease opens a new field for developing new therapeutic and prophylactic tools in which destruction of the bacilli may not necessarily be the final goal. PMID:24592258

Vilaplana, Cristina; Cardona, Pere-Joan

2014-01-01

39

Nature Picture Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While a commercial enterprise, the Nature Picture Library offers viewers free online access to thousands of high-resolution photographs in its database. Containing fantastic shots of flora and fauna in settings of every variety, the Nature Picture Library is a great graphic resource for those in search of images of the natural world. Images can be purchased for direct downloads or can be stored online for free by registered users in lightboxes of their own design. The picture library allows registrants to create and store as many as fifty lightboxes for online consultation. A great way to see the world and all its creatures, the Nature Picture Library is sure to provoke awe, admiration, and devotion from users of every age.

2002-01-01

40

Picture Post  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Picture Post Network involves individuals, schools, organizations and communities in a systematic monitoring project of their local environment, especially vegetation health. Digital photographs - taken from the same location and positioned in the same direction and orientation - allow individuals, schools, organizations, communities and scientists to monitor a variety of environmental parameters, including plant health, growth, and phenology; erosion and deposition; water levels; and cloud and canopy cover. Participants study change over time in their local area, view NASA satellite imagery on the same days as the pictures, and contribute towards improving their own communities. The website provides instructions for participating, including planning and installing a picture post, monitoring projects, and taking and uploading pictures, and a repository of images. Picture Posts may be added by anyone interested in monitoring a particular location. Currently, Picture Posts sites are active at science centers, schoolyards and gardens, local parks, and nature reserves.

41

Perceiving pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

I aim to give a new account of picture perception: of the way our visual system functions when we see something in a picture.\\u000a My argument relies on the functional distinction between the ventral and dorsal visual subsystems. I propose that it is constitutive\\u000a of picture perception that our ventral subsystem attributes properties to the depicted scene, whereas our dorsal

Bence Nanay

42

Formal Specification of Graphic Data Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, definitions are given for some important concepts that appear in graphics programs. Based on these definitions, some illustrative graphic data types, called point, region, geometric function, graphic transformation, and tree-structured picture, are defined and specified algebraically. A simple graphics language for line drawings is created by embedding these new data types in the language PASCAL. Using the

William R. Mallgren

1982-01-01

43

1 The Big Picture in Review Retrievalforgetting  

E-print Network

Repressed Memories How does a therapist know if a memory is repressed if it is still repressed!? Hypnosis, guided imagery. Problems here, anyone? Implanting false memories! Under hypnosis, S's told about a door lie 25% (vs. 68% for true). 8 Clinical Implications Therapists attitudes on hypnosis-induced memories

O'Reilly, Randall C.

44

The Epidemiology of Obesity: A Big Picture.  

PubMed

The epidemic of overweight and obesity presents a major challenge to chronic disease prevention and health across the life course around the world. Fueled by economic growth, industrialization, mechanized transport, urbanization, an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, and a nutritional transition to processed foods and high-calorie diets over the last 30 years, many countries have witnessed the prevalence of obesity in its citizens double and even quadruple. A rising prevalence of childhood obesity, in particular, forebodes a staggering burden of disease in individuals and healthcare systems in the decades to come. A complex, multifactorial disease, with genetic, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental origins, obesity raises the risk of debilitating morbidity and mortality. Relying primarily on epidemiologic evidence published within the last decade, this non-exhaustive review discusses the extent of the obesity epidemic, its risk factors-known and novel-, sequelae, and economic impact across the globe. PMID:25471927

Hruby, Adela; Hu, Frank B

2014-12-01

45

Structural engineering: Seeing the big picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state-of-the-art of progress of structural engineering over the last 50 years is examined in three areas: (1) The spatial\\u000a idealization of structural elements in the form of kinematical assumptions; (2) The constitutive idealization of materials\\u000a in the form of generalized stresses and generalized strains relations; and (3) The computational implications of solution\\u000a strategy in the form of closed form,

W. F. Chen

2008-01-01

46

Helping Writers Get the "Big Picture."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the kinds of difficulties experienced by less able writers and how content area teachers can help these writers produce better expository text. Provides writing activities that shift the writer's attention from language forms to language content. (SRT)

Kucer, Stephen B.

1986-01-01

47

EPO and the Big Education Reform Picture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a summary of the keynote talk delivered at the conference. I have tried to keep the sense of the spoken presentation. Some of the ideas are my own, some are borrowed from colleagues. The biases, and whines are my own.

Nelson, G. D.

2008-06-01

48

A big picture of a small brain.  

PubMed

A detailed map of the neurons that carry information away from the mushroom bodies in the brains of fruit flies has improved our understanding of the ways in which experiences can modify behaviour. PMID:25537193

Griffith, Leslie C

2014-01-01

49

NASA's Hyperwall Revealing the Big Picture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA:s hyperwall is a sophisticated visualization tool used to display large datasets. The hyperwall, or video wall, is capable of displaying multiple high-definition data visualizations and/or images simultaneously across an arrangement of screens. Functioning as a key component at many NASA exhibits, the hyperwall is used to help explain phenomena, ideas, or examples of world change. The traveling version of the hyperwall is typically comprised of nine 42-50" flat-screen monitors arranged in a 3x3 array (as depicted below). However, it is not limited to monitor size or number; screen sizes can be as large as 52" and the arrangement of screens can include more than nine monitors. Generally, NASA satellite and model data are used to highlight particular themes in atmospheric, land, and ocean science. Many of the existing hyperwall stories reveal change across space and time, while others display large-scale still-images accompanied by descriptive, story-telling captions. Hyperwall content on a variety of Earth Science topics already exists and is made available to the public at: eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/hyperwall. Keynote and PowerPoint presentations as well as Summary of Story files are available for download on each existing topic. New hyperwall content and accompanying files will continue being developed to promote scientific literacy across a diverse group of audience members. NASA invites the use of content accessible through this website but requests the user to acknowledge any and all data sources referenced in the content being used.

Sellers, Piers

2011-01-01

50

Picture Postage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the popularity of e-mail cutting into revenues, Canada Post is always searching for a marketing strategy that would encourage people to use the mail. "Picture Postage" is such an initiative. This popular program allows individuals to create their own stamps for family and friends. This opportunity also provides a vehicle for businesses to…

Osterer, Irv

2009-01-01

51

Volume graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volume graphics, which employs a volume buffer of voxels for 3D scene representation, is discussed. Volume graphics offers advantages over surface graphics: it is viewpoint independent, insensitive to scene and object complexity, and suitable for the representation of sampled and simulated data sets. Moreover, geometric objects can be mixed with these data sets. Volume graphics supports the visualization of internal

Arie E. Kaufman; Daniel Cohen-Or; Roni Yagel

1993-01-01

52

Picturing Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Picturing Justice, edited by John Denvir, Paul Joseph and Rob Waring, provides insightful commentaries on the portrayal of law, lawyers and legal issues in television and movies. The articles cover current television series' and movies with a combination of analysis and opinion. The site publishes both reader submitted commentaries as well as many written by the editors. While the articles are not lengthy, they provide a fair amount of useful critical commentary on the treatment of law on television and in the movies. This site fills a specialized niche and it is well worth investigating.

53

The Big Bang Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These activities demonstrate that taking a given mass of material and applying a force to it can produce a pattern that replicates the material patterns noted when applying the Big Bang Theory. Students will be able to explain how the Big Bang Theory can explain the origin of the universe, demonstrate (using graphical analysis) how different masses react to the same force, describe patterns observed when force is applied to different masses, identify what material types could represent bodies of the universe, and equate material colors of the visible spectrum as they relate to the elements found in celestial bodies.

54

Big Society, Big Deal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political leaders like to put forward guiding ideas or themes which pull their individual decisions into a broader narrative. For John Major it was Back to Basics, for Tony Blair it was the Third Way and for David Cameron it is the Big Society. While Mr. Blair relied on Lord Giddens to add intellectual weight to his idea, Mr. Cameron's legacy idea…

Thomson, Alastair

2011-01-01

55

Cover Picture.  

PubMed

The cover picture shows a remarkable Pd(145) nanocluster, whose metal-core geometry was unambiguously characterized from complete analyses of crystallographic X-ray data. This unprecedented close-packed multishell carbonyl metal cluster was isolated from the reduction of a monomeric square-planar palladium precursor [Pd(PEt(3))(2)Cl(2)]. The structure is made up of three distinct shells, the outermost of which possesses 60 equivalent vertices along with 12 pentagonal, 20 equilateral triangular, and 30 square faces; this semiregular (Archimedean) polyhedron, named rhombicosidodecahedron (with Schläfli symbol 3.4.5.4), is a hitherto crystallographically unknown stereoisomer of the universally familiar C(60) buckyball, an icosahedrally truncated semiregular polyhedron of I(h) symmetry with 60 equivalent vertices and 12 pentagonal and 20 hexagonal faces. More about this fascinating nanocluster can be found in the communication by L. Dahl et al. on p. 4121 ff. PMID:11093192

Ziegler; Brumaghim; Raymond

2000-11-17

56

Picture Chicago  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the decades, Chicago has been documented in countless books created for events like the World's Columbian Exposition and elaborate guides to local institutions such as the University of Chicago and the Rush Medical College. This digital collection from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) Library brings together 617 images that tell the story of the Second City in pictures, plans, and drawings. Visitors can browse by subject, creator, subject name, place name, item type, or they can just type in their own keywords (try "parks" or "Loop" to get started). Some of the fine items included here include photographs of Chicago gangsters, the city's first taxicab, the early pneumatic tube system designed for the Chicago Post Office, and the reference room of the Chicago Public Library in 1911. Engineers and others will be delighted to learn that the site also contains the draft plans created in order to straighten the Chicago River.

2012-03-30

57

Hot big bang or slow freeze?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We confront the big bang for the beginning of the universe with an equivalent picture of a slow freeze - a very cold and slowly evolving universe. In the freeze picture the masses of elementary particles increase and the gravitational constant decreases with cosmic time, while the Newtonian attraction remains unchanged. The freeze and big bang pictures both describe the same observations or physical reality. We present a simple “crossover model” without a big bang singularity. In the infinite past space-time is flat. Our model is compatible with present observations, describing the generation of primordial density fluctuations during inflation as well as the present transition to a dark energy-dominated universe.

Wetterich, C.

2014-09-01

58

Computer Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer graphics have been called the most exciting development in computer technology. At the University of Michigan, three kinds of graphics output equipment are now being used: symbolic printers, line plotters or drafting devices, and cathode-ray tubes (CRT). Six examples are given that demonstrate the range of graphics use at the University.…

Halpern, Jeanne W.

1970-01-01

59

Cover Picture.  

PubMed

The cover picture shows an array of several hundred synthetically produced variants of the 44 amino acids comprising the hyAP-WW protein domain. The array was produced by a stepwise SPOT synthesis on a cellulose membrane. At each synthesis site (spot) a WW domain is bound to the membrane through a C-terminal ester bond. The secondary structure of the WW domain is shown in green as a ribbon. The domains of the single spots differ only by a single amino acid. All the domains were tested simultaneously for their ability to bind to a peptide motif (red) common to many proteins. The binding was evident when visualized by chemoluminescence, with the Spots having various intensities. The systematic analysis undertaken here enabled molecular biology to be carried out that would have otherwise have required great effort, or not been done at all. This chemical technique also allows the construction of many non-genetically coded building blocks. Through the use of modern synthetic techniques for the coupling of peptides this method should also allow the synthesis of proteins. The combination of molecular biological and chemical methods opens up opportunities for the preparation of protein chips for diagnostics and drug discovery. More about this can be found in the article by Schneider-Mergener et al. on p. 897ff. PMID:11241629

Toepert, Florian; Pires, José R.; Landgraf, Christiane; Oschkinat, Hartmut; Schneider-Mergener, Jens

2001-03-01

60

Cosmic relics from the big bang  

SciTech Connect

A brief introduction to the big bang picture of the early universe is given. Dark matter is discussed; particularly its implications for elementary particle physics. A classification scheme for dark matter relics is given. 21 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Hall, L.J.

1988-12-01

61

Fundamental Quantum Mechanics--A Graphic Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a presentation of basic quantum mechanics for nonscience majors that relies on a computer-generated graphic display to circumvent the usual mathematical difficulties. It allows a detailed treatment of free-particle motion in a wave picture. (MLH)

Wise, M. N.; Kelley, T. G.

1977-01-01

62

Untapped Potential: Fulfilling the Promise of Big Brothers Big Sisters and the Bigs and Littles They Represent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American children represent a great untapped potential in our country. For many young people, choices are limited and the goal of a productive adulthood is a remote one. This report paints a picture of who these children are, shares their insights and reflections about the barriers they face, and offers ways forward for Big Brothers Big Sisters as…

Bridgeland, John M.; Moore, Laura A.

2010-01-01

63

Computer Graphics & Digital Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computer graphics is a term that encompasses a wide range of sciences and techniques. To understand some of the processes involved in generating computer graphics, Cornell University offers this detailed introduction to the subject (1). The site contains explanations and a series of pictures that illustrate object rendering, shading, ray tracing, and more. Computer graphics has seen rapid advancements in the past few years, partly because of the development of dedicated graphics processing units (GPUs). The performance of GPUs has outpaced that of general purpose processors, and this has sparked interest in using GPUs for applications other than graphics. General Purpose Computation Using Graphics Hardware (2) is a site that examines this trend. It is regularly updated with news, links to conferences and research papers, and related projects. The Center for Human Modeling and Simulation (3) is a research effort at the University of Pennsylvania. Many of the center's projects can be browsed on its website, including animation of physical gestures and the development of virtual humans. As a testament to the intricacy involved in modern computer graphics, this paper (4) describes a new technique for modeling the shine of light off human hair. The authors compare the results of their work to current shading practices and show notable improvements in the realism of the model. Three dimensional photography, a recent extension of computer graphics, has received significant attention from its use in movies. This paper (5) proposes a number of strategies for improving the accuracy and flexibility of current approaches to 3D photography. The 30th annual SIGGRAPH conference, held in July 2003 and sponsored by the Association for Computing Machinery, is one of the most well known conferences related to computer graphics. The SIGGRAPH Web Expo (6) showcases some of the most outstanding web-graphics work of the year. Visitors can choose between seven different categories and view many interactive and visually stunning creations. Some of the works have strict hardware and software requirements that are required in order to view them, however. This online review of the SIGGRAPH conference (7) provides an interesting view into the events and presentations. Scattered throughout the text are examples of computer generated images, as well as links to some of the papers and projects that were featured. Lastly, this news article (8) introduces machinima, a term used to describe special effects in movies that are created with technologies originally developed for computer games. The Machinima Film Festival 2003 is the basis of the article.

2003-01-01

64

M theory model of a big crunch\\/big bang transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly

Neil Turok; Malcolm Perry; Paul J. Steinhardt

2004-01-01

65

B490 Mining the Big Data 0 Introduction  

E-print Network

1-1 Qin Zhang B490 Mining the Big Data §0 Introduction #12;2-1 Data Mining What is Data Mining (explore structure in large graphs) #12;4-1 Big Data #12;5-1 · : over 2.5 petabytes of sales transactions · : an index of over 19 billion web pages · : over 40 billion of pictures · . . . Big Data Big data

Zhang, Qin

66

Geology’s “Super Graphics” and the Public: Missed Opportunities for Geoscience Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geosciences are very visual, as demonstrated by the illustration density of maps, graphs, photographs, and diagrams in introductory textbooks. As geoscience students progress, they are further exposed to advanced graphics, such as phase diagrams and subsurface seismic data visualizations. Photographs provide information from distant sites, while multivariate graphics supply a wealth of data for viewers to access. When used effectively, geology graphics have exceptional educational potential. However, geological graphic data are often presented in specialized formats, and are not easily interpreted by an uninformed viewer. In the Howe-Russell Geoscience Complex at Louisiana State University, there is a very large graphic (~ 30 ft x 6 ft) exhibited in a side hall, immediately off the main entrance hall. The graphic, divided into two obvious parts, displays in its lower section seismic data procured in the Gulf of Mexico, from near offshore Louisiana to the end of the continental shelf. The upper section of the graphic reveals drilling block information along the seismic line. Using Tufte’s model of graphic excellence and Paivio’s dual-coding theory, we analyzed the graphic in terms of data density, complexity, legibility, format, and multivariate presentation. We also observed viewers at the site on 5 occasions, and recorded their interactions with the graphic. This graphic can best be described as a Tufte “super graphic.” Its data are high in density and multivariate in nature. Various data sources are combined in a large format to provide a powerful example of a multitude of information within a convenient and condensed presentation. However, our analysis revealed that the graphic misses an opportunity to educate the non-geologist. The information and seismic “language” of the graphic is specific to the geology community, and the information is not interpreted for the lay viewer. The absence of title, descriptions, and symbol keys are detrimental. Terms are not defined. The absence of color keys and annotations is more likely to lead to an appreciation of graphic beauty, without concomitant scientific understanding. We further concluded that in its current location, constraints of space and reflective lighting prohibit the viewer from simultaneously accessing all subsurface data in a “big picture” view. The viewer is not able to fully comprehend the macro/micro aspects of the graphic design within the limited viewing space. The graphic is an example of geoscience education possibility, a possibility that is currently undermined and unrealized by lack of interpretation. Our analysis subsequently informed the development of a model to maximize the graphic’s educational potential, which can be applied to similar geological super graphics for enhanced public scientific understanding. Our model includes interactive displays that apply the auditory-visual dual coding approach to learning. Notations and aural explanations for geological features should increase viewer understanding, and produce an effective informal educational display.

Clary, R. M.; Wandersee, J. H.

2009-12-01

67

Not Just Pretty Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informational texts are filled with graphics that support and extend the written text. These graphics may provide an alternate way to access important information, and sometimes they are the only entry point to that information. However, just being able to see the graphics does not ensure that readers are paying attention to, let alone…

Norman, Rebecca R.; Roberts, Kathryn L.

2013-01-01

68

Graphic Sleuth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online utility allows teachers to make web lessons for student use. These lessons guide the student through the process of using bibliographic citations to help them analyze photographs. Teachers provide the photographs and bibliographic information. Graphic Sleuth provides editable templates that will help build a complete lesson around the photos and bibiliography information. Examples of four completed lessons are provided.

69

Graphic functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews 12 studies relating to graphic functions published from 1915-1917 which indicate (a) Each school should establish norms of achievement in handwriting and construct its own scale for the same (b) Relationship of legibility and form in handwriting is determined by letter-formation, spacing, uniformity of alignment, quality of line and uniformity of slant (c) Deterioration of forms in adult writing

June E. Downey

1918-01-01

70

Thermal Camera Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page includes pictures taken with an infrared camera. Though the pictures include very little explanation, they do demonstrate some properties of light, including reflection, as well as conduction of heat.

Falstad, Paul

2004-11-28

71

Picture-hanging puzzles  

E-print Network

We show how to hang a picture by wrapping rope around n nails, making a polynomial number of twists, such that the picture falls whenever any k out of the n nails get removed, and the picture remains hanging when fewer ...

Demaine, Erik D.

2012-01-01

72

Creating graphical interactive application objects by demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lapidary user interface tool allows all pictorial aspects of programs to be specified graphically. In addition, the behavior of these objects at run-time can be specified using dialogue boxes and by demonstration. In particular, Lapidary allows the designer to draw pictures of application-specific graphical objects which will be created and maintained at run-time by the application. This includes the

Brad A. Myers; Brad Vander Zanden; Roger B. Dannenberg

1989-01-01

73

Earth Science Picture of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth Science Picture of the Day (EPOD) is a collection of photos, imagery, graphics, and artwork that highlights the diverse processes and phenomena which shape the Earth and its inhabitants. Each day, a new image is featured with a brief caption, details about the image's production, information on the provider, and links to related websites. The collection is searchable by keyword, and previous images dating back to 2000 are stored in an archive.

74

NCI Visuals Online: My Pictures  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation NCI Visuals Online Home About My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search My Pictures My Pictures is a place to temporarily store images during your current Visuals Online session. My Pictures currently has no images. Home | About/Contact

75

Graphic Groundwater  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Graphic Groundwater (GGW) is a graphical user-interface for the USGS ground water modeling code MODFLOW. It allows the user to start with a topographic map, build a model grid directly on the map, enter hydraulic properties into grid cells as one would into a spreadsheet, click on the grid to enter the positions of water wells, and (among other things) track imaginary "particles" that would flow into the well from the surrounding area. GGW was created by Steve Esling at Southern Illinois University/Carbondale. Students delineate the area from which a well will draw recharge during a five-year period. It's a practical problem and one that allows them to put together geologic skills (reading maps, drawing cross sections) with hydrogeologic concepts (recharge area, ground water flow, hydraulic properties of earth materials) to produce something that would be meaningful to a community zoning or planning board. The students control the whole look and shape of the visualization and can alter variables at will to experiment with how each change affects ground water flow.

Laura Sanders

76

Picturing Iowa's History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on how advancements in photography affected Iowans and the pictures they took of their communities. Five famous and not so famous photographers who have taken pictures of Iowa's history are featured: (1) John Plumbe, Jr.; (2) Isaac A. Wetherby; (3) D. C. Hale; (4) Duluth Pieper; and (5) E. M. Clark. Instructions for making…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1994-01-01

77

On Pictures in Prose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consistent learning gains are associated with the use of pictures when experiments adhere to five ground rules: (1) prose passages are presented orally; (2) the subjects are children; (3) the passages are fictional narratives; (4) the pictures overlap the story content; and (5) learning is demonstrated by factual recall. (Author)

Levin, Joel R.; Lesgold, Alan M.

1978-01-01

78

Big Data\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

s, and financial econometricanalyses of asset return dynamics, which have been similarly transformed by the availability of tick-by-tick data for thousands of assets.From the vantage point of the examples sketched above, the Reichlin and Watson papers don'tanalyze really Big Data, but they certainly represent a movement of macroeconometrics in that direction.In traditional small-data macroeconometric environments such as Stock and Watson

Francis X. Diebold

79

159.235 Graphics 1 159.235 Graphics & Graphical  

E-print Network

. · Both do not require the ambient intensity hack. #12;159.235 Graphics 3 1. Bidirectional Ray Tracing L. · Non real-time, non interactive...but, as ever in computer graphics, we can cheat! #12;159.235 Graphics 28 How to cheat ! · Can use texture mapping to replicate global illumination effects in a scanline

Hawick, Ken

80

Graphics Tablet for the BBC Microcomputer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an inexpensive solution to the problem of transferring pictures onto a television screen using the analog part of the Model "B" BBC Microcomputer. Instruction for building the graphics tablet (which can easily be constructed by secondary students), program listing for required software, and documentation are included. (JN)

Whale, R.

1984-01-01

81

Graphic Arts Dictionary 2. Project HIRE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as supplemental material to on-going instruction in the vocational program, this second of three picture dictionary booklets in the Graphic Arts series is intended to assist the learning handicapped student to master the core vocabulary taught in the trade. Intended for individual or small group instruction with minimal supervision, this…

Gardner, David C.; And Others

82

Graphic Arts Dictionary 1. Project HIRE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as supplemental material to on-going instruction in the vocational program, this first of three picture dictionary booklets in the Graphic Arts series is intended to assist the learning handicapped student to master the core vocabulary taught in the trade. Intended for individual or small group instruction with minimal supervision, this…

Gardner, David C.; And Others

83

Graphic Arts Dictionary 3. Project HIRE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as supplemental material to on-going instruction in the vocational program, this third of three picture dictionary booklets in the Graphic Arts series is intended to assist the learning handicapped student to master the core vocabulary taught in the trade. Intended for individual or small group instruction with minimal supervision, this…

Gardner, David C.; And Others

84

Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.

2000-01-01

85

Design Graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mathematician, David R. Hedgley, Jr. developed a computer program that considers whether a line in a graphic model of a three-dimensional object should or should not be visible. Known as the Hidden Line Computer Code, the program automatically removes superfluous lines and displays an object from a specific viewpoint, just as the human eye would see it. An example of how one company uses the program is the experience of Birdair which specializes in production of fabric skylights and stadium covers. The fabric called SHEERFILL is a Teflon coated fiberglass material developed in cooperation with DuPont Company. SHEERFILL glazed structures are either tension structures or air-supported tension structures. Both are formed by patterned fabric sheets supported by a steel or aluminum frame or cable network. Birdair uses the Hidden Line Computer Code, to illustrate a prospective structure to an architect or owner. The program generates a three- dimensional perspective with the hidden lines removed. This program is still used by Birdair and continues to be commercially available to the public.

1990-01-01

86

The Big Picture: Focusing Urban Teacher Education on the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New teachers don't last long in urban schools. From 30% to 50% of them leave these schools within their first five years, and teacher education institutions are trying a number of strategies to change this. To combat the high attrition rate among new teachers in urban schools, the authors suggest that teacher education programs should take a…

Gimbert, Belinda; Desai, Shiv; Kerka, Sandra

2010-01-01

87

The Big Picture on Men's (and Boys') Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on what is known internationally from research about some aspects of men's learning. It explores the similar and different factors that shape men's attitudes towards learning in diverse national and cultural contexts. It also identifies some possible parallels (and differences) between the experiences, participation and outcomes…

Golding, Barry

2010-01-01

88

Divide and Conquer: Detecting Patterns that Explain the Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alecia Ford, co-author of this article, had a problem that teachers everywhere face more and more frequently with the predominance of standardized testing--too much world history to teach in too little time. Her problem relates to how she can help her sixth-grade students develop an in-depth understanding of the Enlightenment, a period in history…

Secules, Teresa; Ford, Alecia

2006-01-01

89

Getting the Big Picture of a Small Place  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most commercial and industrial program evaluations do not have sufficient resources to conduct comprehensive market characterization studies. Generally the population is so large that it is impossible to allocate sufficient resources to capture information about all market participants. In 2000, the Vermont Department of Public Service, recognizing its resources were limited but so was their market, requested an evaluation that

Jane S. Peters; Randall Lloyd; Marjorie McRae; Lori Megdal

90

Sketch Maps: Helping Students Get the Big Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sketch maps: free-hand maps which are drawn from memory and help us to organize spatial information. Sketch maps provide an effective means for both the teacher and the student to assess levels of progress and proficiency in learning world place location. This article tells how teachers can use sketch map activities in their classrooms and provides examples of students' maps

Howard M. Metz

1990-01-01

91

Sketch Maps: Helping Students Get the Big Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses sketch maps that are free-hand maps drawn from memory that help to organize spatial information. Demonstrates how teachers can use sketch map activities in their classrooms and provides examples of students' maps that illustrate progressive levels of learning world place location. (DB)

Metz, Howard M.

1990-01-01

92

Baryogenesis: A small review of the big picture  

E-print Network

I schematically, and very lightly, review some ideas that fuel model building in the field of baryogenesis. Due to limitations of space, and my expertise, this mini-review is incomplete and biased toward particle physics, especially supersymmetry.

Csaba Balazs

2014-11-12

93

Functional Outcome in Bipolar Disorder: The Big Picture  

PubMed Central

Previous research on functional outcome in bipolar disorder (BD) has uncovered various factors that exacerbate psychosocial disability over the course of illness, including genetics, illness severity, stress, anxiety, and cognitive impairment. This paper presents an integrated view of these findings that accounts for the precipitous decline in psychosocial functioning after illness onset. The proposed model highlights a number of reciprocal pathways among previously studied factors that trap people in a powerful cycle of ailing forces. The paper discusses implications to patient care as well as the larger social changes required for shifting the functional trajectory of people with BD from psychosocial decline to growth. PMID:21961062

Levy, Boaz; Manove, Emily

2012-01-01

94

The big picture: Masculinities in recent world history  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the question of how we should study men in gender relations, and what view of modern world history an understanding of masculinity might give us. I start with the reasons why \\

R. W. Connell

1993-01-01

95

The Big Picture: How Social Work Can Effectively Utilize Photographs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work has struggled with image problems and misperceptions of the profession and the types of services it provides. Photography is a medium that has been used effectively by other professions to change attitudes and perceptions. The present study examined the potential of photographs to change the image of available social services--namely,…

Marshall, Heather L.; Craun, Sarah W.; Theriot, Matthew T.

2009-01-01

96

Losing the Big Picture: How Religion May Control Visual Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the abundance of evidence that human perception is penetrated by beliefs and expectations, scientific research so far has entirely neglected the possible impact of religious background on attention. Here we show that Dutch Calvinists and atheists, brought up in the same country and culture and controlled for race, intelligence, sex, and age, differ with respect to the way they

Lorenza S. Colzato; Wery P. M. van den Wildenberg; Bernhard Hommel; Antonio Verdejo García

2008-01-01

97

Losing the Big Picture: How Religion May Control Visual Attention  

PubMed Central

Despite the abundance of evidence that human perception is penetrated by beliefs and expectations, scientific research so far has entirely neglected the possible impact of religious background on attention. Here we show that Dutch Calvinists and atheists, brought up in the same country and culture and controlled for race, intelligence, sex, and age, differ with respect to the way they attend to and process the global and local features of complex visual stimuli: Calvinists attend less to global aspects of perceived events, which fits with the idea that people's attentional processing style reflects possible biases rewarded by their religious belief system. PMID:19002253

Colzato, Lorenza S.; van den Wildenberg, Wery P. M.; Hommel, Bernhard

2008-01-01

98

Losing the big picture: How religion may control visual attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the abundance of evidence that human perception is penetrated by beliefs and expectations, scientific research so far has entirely neglected the possible impact of religious background on attention. Here we show that Dutch Calvinists and atheists, brought up in the same country and culture and controlled for race, intelligence, sex, and age, differ with respect to the way they

Lorenza S. Colzato; Wildenberg van den W. P. M; Bernhard Hommel

2008-01-01

99

Macroevolutionary Theory and Archaeology: Is There a Big Picture?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to evolutionary ecology and evolutionary archaeology, macroevolutionary archaeology argues that human evolution\\u000a is the result of more than just natural selection and selection-shaped decision making acting on individuals and that its\\u000a broader trajectory is not random but structured. The rugged fitness landscape featured in Sewall Wright’s (1931; 1932) shifting\\u000a balance theory provides a strong warrant for these arguments;

Robert L. Bettinger

100

Pictures in the Sky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors teach an astronomy unit in their seventh-grade course that they find never fails to motivate and stretch the imagination. The questions students ask are wonder-full: "What was here before the universe?" "If there was nothing before the Big Bang, where did energy and matter come from?" "Does the universe have a boundary, and if it does,…

Brako, Elisa; Fout, James; Peltz, William H.

2005-01-01

101

Big Crunch\\/big Bang String Cosmologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study Big Crunch\\/Big Bang cosmologies that correspond to exact worldsheet superconformal field theories of type II strings. Generically, the Big Crunch fluctuation spectrum is altered when passing through the bounce singularity. The change in the spectrum is characterized by a function which is momentum and time-dependent. We compute this function explicitly and show that it indicates \\

Ben Craps; Burt Ovrut

2004-01-01

102

Communications and graphic manual  

E-print Network

Communications handbook and graphic manual #12;1 COMMUNICATIONS PLATFORM Communication is a mutual Profile merchandise 21 Joint presentation materials21 Advertising22 Signage23 GRAPHIC MANUAL Sahlgrenska Academy's graphic identity24 Logotypes27 Typography30 Graphic templates 30 Document templates38 Business

Harding, Karin

103

GraphicConverter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GraphicConverter goes beyond the ability to convert a large number of graphic file formats. It provides tools for the creation and/or editing of graphics, animations, movies, and slide presentations; it also supports Adobe Photoshop compatible plug-ins. Currently, GraphicConverter can import 96 different graphic file formats and export 38. Conversion of several files (graphic or text) at a time is also possible through the "convert more..." feature. The tools offered for graphic editing are Photoshop-like. Detailed documentation is provided. This Macintosh shareware is provided by Lemke Software.

104

Introduction Big Radio Data  

E-print Network

Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Big Radio Data Ue-Li Pen CITA, UofT, CIFAR July 3, 2014U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary Overview History VLBI Processing Future U. Pen Big signal processing U. Pen Big Radio Data #12;Introduction VLBI Pulsars Summary VLBI Current experiments

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

105

CHARLOTTE: BIG DATA & ANALYTICS  

E-print Network

CHARLOTTE: BIG DATA & ANALYTICS #12;Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics charlottechamber.com2 ManyFab, Inc. UGL Services Weyco Group #12;charlottechamber.com Charlotte: Big Data & Analytics 3 12/13 330 S and cltecondev facebook.com/charlottechamber charlottechamber Table of Contents Charlotte: Embracing Big Data

Raja, Anita

106

Geometry and Picturing the  

E-print Network

Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem Kelly McKinnie History Pappus' Theorem Geometries Picturing the projective plane Lines in projective geometry Back to Pappus' Theorem Proof of Pappus' Theorem Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem Kelly McKinnie March 23, 2010 #12;Projective Geometry and Pappus' Theorem

Gideon, Rudy A.

107

Picturing Objects in Infancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the…

Shinskey, Jeanne L.; Jachens, Liza J.

2014-01-01

108

GUIdebook: Graphical User Interface Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of religious icons and other illustrative and symbolic elements is well-documented both in print publications, and to a lesser extent, in various online archives and exhibitions. But what about the world of graphical user interfaces, such as the icons that populate many of our computer screens? Curious visitors will find their fill at this online museum of graphical interfaces, many of which even some long-time computer users may have forgotten about. Divided into categories such as icons, sounds, components, and interfaces, the site contains over 2675 pictures and 651 icons from 51 interfaces. Visitors may want to browse through some of these sections, especially ones like the "Splashes" area where they can view some of those iconic images that are (or were) displayed while various programs are in the process of launching. Here visitors can view such classics as those splashes created for Netscape Navigator 2.0 and Microsoft Word 1.1. Also, even the most stoic user may shed a tear while listening to some of the "classic" sounds of such platforms as Windows 95, which are also available here. Rounding things out here are a selection of historical articles on graphical user interfaces, and a few advertisements from the not-so-distant past, including one featuring a certain Harvard drop-out-turned billionaire.

109

Getting the Picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

will continue to do so as we ride the exponentials derived from Moore's Law. The accelerated transfer of worksta-tion capabilities to plug-in cards and software applica-tions running on standard PCs move detailed rendering outside the domain of high-end machines. Virtual worlds are now literate in the basic properties of Newtonian physics, and animated graphical entities are likewise slowly becoming sentient

Joseph A. Paradiso

1998-01-01

110

Learning 10000 pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four experiments are reported which examined memory capacity and retrieval speed for pictures and for words. Single-trial learning tasks were employed throughout, with memory performance assessed by forced-choice recognition, recall measures or choice reaction-time tasks. The main experimental findings were: (1) memory capacity, as a function of the amount of material presented, follows a general power law with a characteristic

Lionel Standing

1973-01-01

111

The LIFE Picture Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although this is a commercial site with pictures and images for sale, users can nonetheless view and appreciate one of "the most extraordinary collections of pictures in the world" at The Picture Collection from Time, Inc. An initial free registration is required, and after that users need only log on to gain access to over 22 million images, including illustrations, prints, and photographs. Archival materials from many popular magazines are available here, including images from Time, Life, Sports Illustrated, People, and Entertainment Weekly, as well as material from the recently acquired Mansell Collection. "Mansell photographs date from the beginnings of the medium in the 1840s through World War II [and] depict a vast range of scenics, important news events, and historical personalities, with a special emphasis on art and architecture. In addition, the new Mansell Collection includes extraordinary holdings of engraved illustrations, lithographs, and drawings predating the advent of photographic imaging." In addition to a key word search function, The Picture Collection offers a special searching and licensing program that lets you search for and store materials in "Lightboxes" of your own creation for later use; these are similar to folders that one might use in a conventional software setting. The program also calculates licensing fees for images based on what type of usage is intended (newspaper, magazine, Website, etc.). Research help is available for those users who would like someone else to do the searching, with one half-hour of free research offered initially. After that, a fee of 85 dollars an hour is charged; some or all of this fee may be waived if one or more images are licensed. An excellent help section rounds out this site and makes perusing this amazing (if somewhat overwhelming) collection even more pleasurable.

112

More Picture-Perfect Science Book Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Would you like to use the award-winning Picture-Perfect Science series but don't want the hassle of tracking down the trade books that accompany each lesson? At teachers' requests, NSTA is now offering a collection of 23 hardcover and softcover picture books used as part of the popular More Picture Perfect Science Lessons. All the books fit inside a zippered canvas tote bag with a screened image of the book cover on it. This bundled set is a great value over the retail cost of more than $350. Titles included in the set are � Pop! A Book About Bubbles� How Big Is a Foot?� How Tall How Short� Hear Your Heart� The Busy Body Book� Lucas and His Loco Beans� Diary of a Worm� Wiggling Worms at Work� Over in the Ocean� Coral Reef Animals� Our Tree Named Steve� Be a Friend to Trees� Magnetic and Nonmagnetic� Roller Coaster� I Fall Down� I See Myself� If You Find a Rock� Rocks: Hard, Soft, Smooth�� Sunshine on My Shoulders� When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer� Spots of Light� Imaginative Inventions� The Important Book

1900-01-01

113

Interactive graphics system for IBM 1800 computer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A FORTRAN compatible software system that has been developed to provide an interactive graphics capability for the IBM 1800 computer is described. The interactive graphics hardware consists of a Hewlett-Packard 1300A cathode ray tube, Sanders photopen, digital to analog converters, pulse counter, and necessary interface. The hardware is available from IBM as several related RPQ's. The software developed permits the application programmer to use IBM 1800 FORTRAN to develop a display on the cathode ray tube which consists of one or more independent units called pictures. The software permits a great deal of flexibility in the manipulation of these pictures and allows the programmer to use the photopen to interact with the displayed data and make decisions based on information returned by the photopen.

Carleton, T. P.; Howell, D. R.; Mish, W. H.

1972-01-01

114

Automating tactile graphics translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to graphical images (bar charts, diagrams, line graphs, etc.) that are in a tactile form (representation through which content can be accessed by touch) is inadequate for students who are blind and take mathematics, science, and engineering courses. We describe our analysis of the current work practices of tactile graphics specialists who create tactile forms of graphical images. We

Richard E. Ladner; Melody Y. Ivory; Rajesh Rao; Sheryl Burgstahler; Dan Comden; Sangyun Hahn; Matthew Renzelmann; Satria Krisnandi; Mahalakshmi Ramasamy; Beverly Slabosky; Andrew Martin; Amelia Lacenski; Stuart Olsen; Dmitri Groce

2005-01-01

115

Pictures of the Year  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the oldest and most prestigious photojournalism competitions, Pictures of the Year was established 58 years ago by a University of Missouri-Columbia photojournalism professor. This year's overall winners will be announced on April 19, but in the meantime, readers can view the winning photos and those that received the Award of Excellence in the three major categories: Newspaper, Magazine, and General. These images were selected from over 32,000 entries, and they run the full gamut of subject matter and emotion. Visitors will find images that are amusing, inspiring, beautiful, and heartbreaking. Highly recommended and well worth a visit.

116

Robert Gendler's Astronomy Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Robert Gendler is an amateur astronomer with an extensive online gallery of his astronomy images. His pictures are available in high resolution on the web and for purchase in print form through his website. The author also provides links to additional resources which include: astronomical objects, an astronomy primer for beginners, an image gallery and external links. This is a nice resource for those interested in visual aspects of astronomy. Most of the resources are available free of charge, but the author does provide high resolution prints for sale.

Gendler, Robert

2009-05-18

117

From big crunch to big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider conditions under which a universe contracting towards a big crunch can make a transition to an expanding big bang universe. A promising example is 11-dimensional M theory in which the eleventh dimension collapses, bounces, and reexpands. At the bounce, the model can reduce to a weakly coupled heterotic string theory and, we conjecture, it may be possible to

Justin Khoury; Burt A. Ovrut; Nathan Seiberg; Paul J. Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2002-01-01

118

Interference in Joint Picture Naming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 4 experiments we showed that picture naming latencies are affected by beliefs about the task concurrently performed by another speaker. Participants took longer to name pictures when they believed that their partner concurrently named pictures than when they believed their partner was silent (Experiments 1 and 4) or concurrently categorized the…

Gambi, Chiara; Van de Cavey, Joris; Pickering, Martin J.

2015-01-01

119

Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage  

E-print Network

Evolution of Graphics Pipelines 1 Understanding the Graphics Heritage the era of fixed to Supercomputing (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 1 / 32 #12;Evolution of Graphics (MCS 572) evolution of graphics pipelines L-28 19 March 2014 2 / 32 #12;evolution of graphics pipelines

Verschelde, Jan

120

Five Big Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing quality continuing professional development (CPD) for those teaching mathematics in primary schools is a challenge. If the CPD is to be built on the scaffold of five big ideas in mathematics, what might be these five big ideas? Might it just be a case of, if you tell me your five big ideas, then I'll tell you mine? Here, there is…

Morgan, Debbie

2012-01-01

121

Pictures in Pictures: Art History and Art Museums in Children's Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's picture books that recreate, parody, or fictionalize famous artworks and introduce the art museum experience, a genre to which I will refer as "children's art books," have become increasingly popular over the past decade. This essay explores the pedagogical implications of this trend through the family program "Picture Books and Picture

Yohlin, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

122

NPR: The Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Public Radio's "The Picture Show" photo blog is a great way to avoid culling through the thousands of less interesting and engaging photographs on the web. With a dedicated team of professionals, this blog brings together different posts that profile various sets of photographs that cover 19th century war in Afghanistan, visual memories of WWII, unpublished photographs of JFK's presidential campaign, and abandoned buildings on the islands in Boston Harbor. Visitors can search through previous posts, use social media features to share the photo features with friends, and also sign up to receive new materials via their RSS feed. There's quite a nice mix of material here, and visitors can also comment on the photos and recommend the collection to friends and others.

123

Lianhuanhua: Picture Storybook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First created by a Shanghai publisher in the 1920s, lian huan hua (which means "linked serial pictures") were a series of popular children's books known for their simplicity and heraldic subjects. These short volumes fell out of favor during the time of the Cultural Revolution in China, though Premier Zhou Enlai revived their development in the early 1970s as a propaganda tool. This particular digital collection comes from the Hamilton Library at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The collection here includes mostly items from the year 1971 to 1975, and visitors will be glad to learn that there are over 500 images in this database. On the collection's homepage, visitors can check out a featured book cover, and then move along to browse around or perform their own search.

124

Sand pictures : what's missing?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity opens with pictures of traditional African sand paintings called sonas. A sona is comprised of dots and loops. One design is missing, and students are asked to study the patterns and determine the appearance of the missing design. The activity, part of the Figure This! collection of 80 math challenges emphasizing real world math, explains the importance of mathematical patterns in archaeology and cultural anthropology. The Hint suggests that students examine the number and arrangement of dots and their relationship to the loops and squares in the designs. Multiple ways to analyze the pattern are given in the solution. Related questions ask students to develop a mathematical formula to express a pattern of dots and to draw lines to connect dots in an array. Answers to all questions and additional resources are provided. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)

2002-01-01

125

IMAT graphics manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Multidisciplinary Analysis Tool (IMAT) consists of a menu driven executive system coupled with a relational database which links commercial structures, structural dynamics and control codes. The IMAT graphics system, a key element of the software, provides a common interface for storing, retrieving, and displaying graphical information. The IMAT Graphics Manual shows users of commercial analysis codes (MATRIXx, MSC/NASTRAN and I-DEAS) how to use the IMAT graphics system to obtain high quality graphical output using familiar plotting procedures. The manual explains the key features of the IMAT graphics system, illustrates their use with simple step-by-step examples, and provides a reference for users who wish to take advantage of the flexibility of the software to customize their own applications.

Stockwell, Alan E.; Cooper, Paul A.

1991-01-01

126

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II CSC6870 Computer Graphics II  

E-print Network

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Surfaces CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Surfaces · Plane · Quadratic. CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Plane and Intersection CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Plane Equations · General plane equation ax+by+cz+d=0 · Normal of the plane n=[a, b, c] CSC6870 Computer Graphics II

Hua, Jing

127

Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Naval Observatory's Time Service Department Web site (last mentioned in the June 5, 1998 Scout Report ) has a recently added moon phase picture page. Officially called the Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures site, users can see a picture of the current phase of the moon, as well as choose to view the phase of the Moon for any date and time from 1800 to 2199 AD. Although the pictures sometimes leave a little to be desired, the idea behind the site is pretty cool.

128

PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT  

EPA Science Inventory

SAS PICTURE format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a PICTURE format one can create a series of templates for displa...

129

PICTURE PERFECT: IN DEPTH LOOK AT THE PICTURE FORMAT  

EPA Science Inventory

SAS picture format is a very powerful tool. The different options allow the display of data in a more picturesque manner adding symbols, qualifiers, and comments to the data points without modifying the data. With a picture format one can create a series of templates for displ...

130

Was Cosmic Inflation the 'Bang' of the Big Bang?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses cosmologists current understanding of the inflationary universe theory. It poses the question: "Was cosmic inflation the "bang" of the big bang?" Chapters include 1. Introduction; 2. A very special bang; 3. The inflationary universe; 4. Inflation and the very special bang, and 5. The current picture.

Guth, A.

131

Thinking Big: A Conceptual Framework for the Study of Everything  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current fervor for highly specified standards for each academic discipline requires students to view reality as composed of fragmented and unrelated bits of information. In this article, the author argues that what students really need is a system for organizing and integrating what they know so that they can understand the "big picture."…

Brady, Marion

2004-01-01

132

Big Data Begets Big Database Theory University of Washington  

E-print Network

Big Data Begets Big Database Theory Dan Suciu University of Washington 1 Motivation Industry analysts describe Big Data in terms of three V's: volume, velocity, variety. The data is too big to process the technical challenges in big data, but we find no inspiration in the three Vs. Volume is surely nothing new

Suciu, Dan

133

Vision, Video, and Graphics (2003) P. Hall, P. Willis (Editors)  

E-print Network

method combines the advantages of different previous techniques with respect to quality. A mixture of exhaustive searching, massive parallel computing and the well-known LBG-algorithm ensures a good balance.3 [Computer Graphics]: Picture/Image Generation 1. Introduction Texture processing plays an important role

134

Graphics mini manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The computer graphics capabilities available at the Center are introduced and their use is explained. More specifically, the manual identifies and describes the various graphics software and hardware components, details the interfaces between these components, and provides information concerning the use of these components at LaRC.

Taylor, Nancy L.; Randall, Donald P.; Bowen, John T.; Johnson, Mary M.; Roland, Vincent R.; Matthews, Christine G.; Gates, Raymond L.; Skeens, Kristi M.; Nolf, Scott R.; Hammond, Dana P.

1990-01-01

135

Reality Engine graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

TM graphics system is the first of a new genera- tion of systems designed primarily to render texture mapped, an- tialiased polygons. This paper describes the architecture of the RealityEngine graphics system, then justifies some of the decisions made during its design. The implementation is near-massively par- allel, employing 353 independent processors in its fullest configura- tion, resulting in a

Kurt Akeley

1993-01-01

136

Graphic Design and Photography  

E-print Network

BA (Hons) Graphic Design course were recently invited to visit Sir Paul Smith in his Covent Garden helpful, the facilities were excellent and Nottingham is a really cool city. There's always something were offered permanent jobs in their head office in Ohio, creating graphics for their apparel

Evans, Paul

137

COMP 365 Computer Graphics Spring 2014 COMP 365 Computer Graphics  

E-print Network

COMP 365 Computer Graphics Spring 2014 § COMP 365 Computer Graphics § M-W Lecture (SC 1315) ­ 2 of style. #12;COMP 365 Computer Graphics Spring 2014 Grading: There will be a midterm and a final exam

Gousie, Michael B.

138

Producing Prettier Pictures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an algorithm for producing detailed RGB composites (i.e., color pictures) from 3-band astronomical images. The value of each RGB composite pixel is modified monotonically with astronomical image intensity, but the ratios between R, G and B (i.e., hue and saturation) are fixed by the colors of the astronomical image pixel. Even pixels that saturate the dynamic range of the RGB composite are kept fixed at their correct hue and saturation. The algorithm is: $ R = r f(r,g,b), quad G = g f(r,g,b), quad B = b f(r,g,b), where quad f(r,g,b)=arcsinh/[?(r+g+b)] ?(r+g+b)max (r,g,b) and r, g, b are scaled image intensities, and ? is a user-chosen nonlinearity parameter that controls the degree to which the stretch is logarithmic (arcsinh[? I] ? ? I for ?? 0; arcsinh[? I]? ln[2 ? I] for ???). More logarithmic stretches increase the apparent dynamic range; they can be used to simultaneously show faint spiral arms and the bright cores of star clusters. Most importantly, the stretch is always applied to the R, G and B$ values together in order to keep the color ratios (i.e., hue and saturation) fixed. Images produced by our method are both better looking and more informative. For example, one can see low surface brightness and tidal features in the outskirts of a galaxy, and color gradients in the nucleus. We compare these images to equivalents made by traditional methods and show them to be far superior.

Wherry, N.; Blanton, M. R.; Hogg, D. W.; Lupton, R. H.

2004-05-01

139

Network pictures: concepts and representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – There has recently been an increase in interest in the notion of “network pictures” amongst researchers in the field of business-to-business marketing. Network pictures are managers' subjective mental representations of their relevant business environment. They are posited to work as “sense-making” devices, and consequently shape managerial decisions, actions, and evaluations. However, while interest in this concept has been

Stephan C. Henneberg; Stefanos Mouzas; Pete Naudé

2006-01-01

140

Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life  

E-print Network

Big data, big impact: how big data is shaping everyday life #12;Introduction We live movements, we are creating vast personal datasets as well. The challenge presented by big data isn't just can extract from it, and big data is being used in all aspects of life. In crime prevention it helps

Crowther, Paul

141

Dual of big bang and big crunch  

SciTech Connect

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by the procedure of double analytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are nonsingular as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Bak, Dongsu [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-01-15

142

ENGINEERING BIG IMPACT  

E-print Network

--like sustainability, security, materials, health, and energy. MSU partners with national labs, Fortune 500 companies, Chrysler, General Electric, Toyota, DuPont, and NASA. BIG RESULTS With 170 faculty members in the College on to big companies, small startups, and prestigious positions in academia and research. Recent placements

143

Hierarchical Big Bang Cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

McCREA1 has correctly stated that one of us (G. de V.) had criticized2 ``current big bang cosmology'' in reviewing the overwhelming evidence for hierarchical clustering in the galaxy distribution; it is incorrect, however, to assume that such criticism was directed only or even chiefly at big bang models. The principal intention was to point out the need to study the

G. de Vaucouleurs

1971-01-01

144

The big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our universe was born billions of years ago in a hot, violent explosion of elementary particles and radiation - the big bang. What do we know about this ultimate moment of creation, and how do we know it? Drawing upon the latest theories and technology, this new edition of The big bang, is a sweeping, lucid account of the event

Joseph Silk

2001-01-01

145

Implementing Big History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that world history should be taught as "Big History," a view that includes all space and time beginning with the Big Bang. Discusses five "Cardinal Questions" that serve as a course structure and address the following concepts: perspectives, diversity, change and continuity, interdependence, and causes. (CMK)

Welter, Mark

2000-01-01

146

Big Ideas in Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares how she was able to discover some big ideas about art education. She relates how she found great ideas to improve her teaching from the book "Rethinking Curriculum in Art." She also shares how she designed a "Big Idea" unit in her class.

Day, Kathleen

2008-01-01

147

IPCC Vital Climate Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled from the second IPCC assessment report, these graphics include causes of climate change and projected impacts such as temperature changes and sea level rise. The figures are browseable by title.

IPCC

148

Katrina Graphics Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the National Hurricane Center hosts a variety of still graphics that can be looped into animations of the storm's progress. Images include 3- and 5-day Watches and Warnings, Wind Swaths and Strike Probabilities.

National Hurricane Center

149

Robot graphic simulation testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this research was twofold. First, the basic capabilities of ROBOSIM (graphical simulation system) were improved and extended by taking advantage of advanced graphic workstation technology and artificial intelligence programming techniques. Second, the scope of the graphic simulation testbed was extended to include general problems of Space Station automation. Hardware support for 3-D graphics and high processing performance make high resolution solid modeling, collision detection, and simulation of structural dynamics computationally feasible. The Space Station is a complex system with many interacting subsystems. Design and testing of automation concepts demand modeling of the affected processes, their interactions, and that of the proposed control systems. The automation testbed was designed to facilitate studies in Space Station automation concepts.

Cook, George E.; Sztipanovits, Janos; Biegl, Csaba; Karsai, Gabor; Springfield, James F.

1991-01-01

150

Graphically Enhanced Science Notebooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A common mode of communication in the elementary classroom is the science notebook. In this article, the authors outline the ways in which "graphically enhanced science notebooks" can help engage students in complete and robust inquiry. Central to this ap

Wiebe, Eric; Minogue, James; Bedward, John; Madden, Lauren; Carter, Mike

2010-11-01

151

How Do You Picture Electricity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an action-research project conducted by student teachers in Edinburgh designed to explore ways in which children picture what happens inside an electric circuit. The student teachers also explored their own understanding of electricity. (Author/WRM)

Kibble, Bob

1999-01-01

152

A Stored Picture Hacking Facility  

E-print Network

A short description of LISP functions that have been written for use with the stored picture facility. These functions allow one to display an image of a stored scene on the 340 scope, and produce graphs and histograms of ...

Markowitz, Sidney

153

RELIABILITY OF OBJECTIVE PICTURE QUALITY MEASURES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates a set of objective picture quality measures for application in still image compression systems and emphasizes the correlation of these measures with subjective picture quality measures. Picture quality is measured using nine dieren t objective picture quality measures and subjectively using Mean Opinion Score (MOS ) as measure of perceived picture quality. The correlation between each objective

Sonja Grgi; Mislav Grgi; Marta Mrak

2004-01-01

154

38The Big Bang -Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang  

E-print Network

38The Big Bang - Cosmic Expansion According to Big Bang theory, the scale of the universe increases. This solution is thought to describe our universe during its' inflationary' era shortly after the Big Bang by Big Bang cosmology, and applies to the modern expansion of the universe. Problem 4 A) H = (/3) 1

155

Hallucinatory pictures Abstract: Hallucinatory pictures are yet to be found picture-like  

E-print Network

of the pictorial vehicle. Different accounts of depiction make different predictions about the possibility, the hallucinatory picture case is an generalization of Gombrich's idea of pictorial experience as a kind of visual

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

156

SETI as a part of Big History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big History is an emerging academic discipline which examines history scientifically from the Big Bang to the present. It uses a multidisciplinary approach based on combining numerous disciplines from science and the humanities, and explores human existence in the context of this bigger picture. It is taught at some universities. In a series of recent papers ([11] through [15] and [17] through [18]) and in a book [16], we developed a new mathematical model embracing Darwinian Evolution (RNA to Humans, see, in particular, [17] and Human History (Aztecs to USA, see [16]) and then we extrapolated even that into the future up to ten million years (see 18), the minimum time requested for a civilization to expand to the whole Milky Way (Fermi paradox). In this paper, we further extend that model in the past so as to let it start at the Big Bang (13.8 billion years ago) thus merging Big History, Evolution on Earth and SETI (the modern Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) into a single body of knowledge of a statistical type. Our idea is that the Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM), so far used as the key stochastic process of financial mathematics (Black-Sholes models and related 1997 Nobel Prize in Economics!) may be successfully applied to the whole of Big History. In particular, in this paper we derive Big History Theory based on GBMs: just as the GBM is the “movie” unfolding in time, so the Statistical Drake Equation is its “still picture”, static in time, and the GBM is the time-extension of the Drake Equation. Darwinian Evolution on Earth may be easily described as an increasing GBM in the number of living species on Earth over the last 3.5 billion years. The first of them was RNA 3.5 billion years ago, and now 50 million living species or more exist, each evolving in a statistical way like the GBM stochastic process does. Also Human History may be rewritten in terms of GBMs, as this author did in recent papers just published in the International Journal of Astrobiology and Acta Astronautica. But those mathematical results will not be repeated in this paper in order not to make it too long. Possibly a whole new book about GBMs will be written by the author. Mass Extinctions of the geological past also are one more topic that may be cast in the language of a decreasing GBM over a short time lapse, since Mass Extinctions are sudden all-lows in the number of living species. In this paper, we give formulae for the decreasing GBMs of Mass Extinctions, like the K-Pg one of 64 million years ago. Finally, we note that the Big History Equation is just the extension of the Drake Equation to 13.8 billion years of cosmic evolution. So, the relevant GBM starting at the Big Bang epoch (13.8 billion years ago) and growing up to nowadays in a stochastically increasing fashion becomes the GBM of the number of evolving galaxies populating the Universe. Our Big History model based on the GBM mathematics is thus complete.

Maccone, Claudio

2014-08-01

157

Graphical Programming National Instruments  

E-print Network

LabVIEW Graphical Programming LabVIEW LabVIEW National Instruments Phone: (512) 794-0100 · Fax: (512) 683-8411 · info@natinst.com · www.natinst.com 61 Better Productivity LabVIEW is a highly analysis, and data presentation. Integrated Hardware LabVIEW has built-in compatibility with hardware

Wedeward, Kevin

158

Graphic Correlation Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a graphic correlation lab exercise. It uses real data from a peer-reviewed journal publication by Lucy Edwards (1989). (I have manipulated the data set a little bit.) Students can finish the activity in two hours or less.

Dan Stephen

159

Graphic Novels: A Roundup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews graphic novels for young adults, including five titles from "The Adventures of Tintin," a French series that often uses ethnic and racial stereotypes which reflect the time in which they were published, and "Wolverine," a Marvel comic character adventure. (Contains six references.) (LRW)

Kan, Katherine L.

1994-01-01

160

Monotonicity: Algebraically and Graphically  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demo provides a set of interactive graphical visualizations designed to help students better understand what it means for a function to be increasing/decreasing over an interval. A gallery of animations is included together with Excel programs and Java applets.

Roberts, Lila F.

2004-09-24

161

enhancedGraphics: a Cytoscape app for enhanced node graphics  

PubMed Central

enhancedGraphics ( http://apps.cytoscape.org/apps/enhancedGraphics) is a Cytoscape app that implements a series of enhanced charts and graphics that may be added to Cytoscape nodes. It enables users and other app developers to create pie, line, bar, and circle plots that are driven by columns in the Cytoscape Node Table. Charts are drawn using vector graphics to allow full-resolution scaling. PMID:25285206

Morris, John H.; Kuchinsky, Allan; Ferrin, Thomas E.; Pico, Alexander R.

2014-01-01

162

Picture Postcards: Organizing a Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the kinds of contributions picture postcards can make to library or museum materials, particularly to historical files as documentation of certain aspects of history. Various methods for putting collections of cards in order are described, from general policies concerning use and disposal, to sorting, indexing, and housing. (Author)

Freyschlag, Elizabeth K.

1980-01-01

163

DARWIN SHADOWS IN THE PICTURE  

E-print Network

IN TIMOR-LESTE FEATURES REGULARS #12;Origins is produced by Charles Darwin University's Office of Media from Robyn McDougall robyn.mcdougall@cdu.edu.au. Published June 2012 Charles Darwin University, NTDARWIN SHADOWS IN THE PICTURE BRIGHT FUTURE AWAITS DESERT ROCKERS MYSTERIOUS MALE CLAIMS NURSERY

164

The Picture Exchange Communication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of strategies have been used to help children with autism acquire functional communication skills. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a unique communication training program that was developed as a means of circumventing some shortcomings associatd with these strategies. A description of the steps within PECS is provided. Long-term group data have indicated that a large proportion

Andrew S. Bondy; Lori A. Frost

1994-01-01

165

Pikchul Nioki Chulda (Picture Dictionary).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for students in kindergarten through second grade, this alphabet book is one in a series of picture dictionaries in the Pima language developed to instill pride in Pima students by presenting their language in print and to increase their vocabularies in both Pima and English. Introductory sections provide a brief history of the project…

Dixon, Joan; And Others

166

Hang Gliding Mosaic Picture Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hang Gliding Mosaic Picture Server is a new WWW server full of hang gliding and para gliding related material, including: a large collection of hang gliding photos, hang gliding movies, the hang gliding FAQ, archived issues of the hang gliding mailing list digest, programs related to hang gliding, links to other aviation servers and more.

167

Painting a Picture with Air  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Create a painting by blowing air out of a straw. Push liquid acrylic paint around on some watercolor paper by aiming short bursts of air onto the paint puddle. See what happens when you use different colors, and add thicker or more watery paint. Then, scan or take a digital picture of your artwork and post it to the Air Blown Gallery.

Minnesota, Science M.

1995-01-01

168

Subjectively Optimal Quantization of Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of quantization has been thoroughly studied for random processes. The usual criterion is to minimize the mean square error. Because of the eye's characteristics, this does not lead to the least number of bits. In this concise paper the results of experiments on gray scales and on quantized pictures are presented which lead to the choice of a

FRANCIS KRETZ

1975-01-01

169

Graphic Design for Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology continues to radically change how we create and consume information. Today, news, reports, and other material are often delivered quickly through pictures, colors, or other eye-catching visual elements. Words still matter, but they may be tweeted, viewed on a smartphone, or placed in a call-out box in a report. The design of these items…

Regional Educational Laboratory, 2014

2014-01-01

170

Big Bend sees big environmental push  

SciTech Connect

The 1800 MW Big Bend Power Station is a coal-fired facility in Tampa Bay, Florida, USA owned by Tampa Electric. It has four pulverized coal- fired steam units equipped with FGD scrubbers and electrostatic precipitators. Currently the addition of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems is under consideration. The Unit 4 SCR retrofit was completed in June 2007; the remaining three systems are scheduled for completion by 2010. Boiler draft systems will be modified to a balance draft design to accommodate the increased pressure drop of the new systems. 3-D computer models were developed to determine constructability due to the tight clearance at the site. 1 photo.

Blankinship, S.

2007-10-15

171

Big6 and Dewey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we have been discussing the problem-solving model Big6. We have covered the first and second stages of the Big6 model. The first being Task Definition and the second Information Seeking Strategies. Using this Instructional Architect we will be learning about the third stage Location and Access. You will follow the instructions on the module below to become an expert at locating resources in the library using the Dewey Decimal System. CLASS OBJECTIVES By learning about the Dewey Decimal System and how to use it you will be able to locate resources in the library. This will help you access information. We will use the Utah core curriculum standard 3 and the Big6 stage 3 to learn about the Dewey ...

C, Mrs.

2013-04-19

172

Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  

SciTech Connect

Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don

2013-08-27

173

Big data bioinformatics.  

PubMed

Recent technological advances allow for high throughput profiling of biological systems in a cost-efficient manner. The low cost of data generation is leading us to the "big data" era. The availability of big data provides unprecedented opportunities but also raises new challenges for data mining and analysis. In this review, we introduce key concepts in the analysis of big data, including both "machine learning" algorithms as well as "unsupervised" and "supervised" examples of each. We note packages for the R programming language that are available to perform machine learning analyses. In addition to programming based solutions, we review webservers that allow users with limited or no programming background to perform these analyses on large data compendia. PMID:24799088

Greene, Casey S; Tan, Jie; Ung, Matthew; Moore, Jason H; Cheng, Chao

2014-12-01

174

Using Graphics in Software Documentation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines two ways that graphics and graphic techniques can help communicate technical topics visually: by helping readers navigate through a manual; and by helping readers better understand the material in the manual. (SR)

Wise, Mary R.

1993-01-01

175

Computer graphics and story telling  

E-print Network

The use of computer graphics designed for film and television is discussed from an aesthetic and systems point of view. Graphics are used for information clarification in news and documentary work, digital video effects ...

Griffith, Sarah

1984-01-01

176

An Analysis of Graphical Representations in Electronic Science Textbooks  

E-print Network

Review of Related Literature Benefits of Multimedia Learning Students learn better when they learn with pictures and text than with text alone (Mayer 2009, Levie & Lentz in Butcher, 2006). Mayer refers to this as the multimedia principle, and he has...; Larkin & Simon, 1987 in Butcher, 2006). But, as learners develop increased comprehension of material, simplified graphics may not provide enough challenge to fully engage in the learning task (Kalyuga, Chandler, & Sweller, 2000). It has been shown...

Anderson, Sarah J

2014-07-24

177

Low Cost Graphics. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes the CALM TV graphics interface, a low-cost means of producing quality graphics on an ordinary TV. The system permits the output of data in graphic as well as alphanumeric form and the input of data from the face of the TV using a light pen. The integrated circuits required in the interface can be obtained from standard…

Tinker, Robert F.

178

Selecting Mangas and Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The decision to add graphic novels, and particularly the Japanese styled called manga, was one the author has debated for a long time. In this article, the author shares her experience when she purchased graphic novels and mangas to add to her library collection. She shares how graphic novels and mangas have revitalized the library.

Nylund, Carol

2007-01-01

179

Learning with Interactive Graphical Representations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seven articles of this theme issue deal with the use of computer-based interactive graphical representations. Studying their use will bring answers to users of static graphics in traditional paper-based media and those who plan instruction using graphical representations that allow semantically direct manipulation. (SLD)

Saljo, Roger, Ed.

1999-01-01

180

Big Rip in SO(1,1) phantom universe  

E-print Network

For the inverse linear potential, the SO(1,1) field behaves as phantom for late time and the Big Rip will occur. The field approaches zero as time approaches the Big Rip, here. For this potential the phantom equation of state takes the late-time minimum $w_\\Phi=-3$. We give some discussions that the Big Rip in the SO(1,1) model may be treated as either the transition point of universe from expansion to extract phase or the final state. In the latter picture of the universe, the field has the $T$ symmetry and the scale factor possesses the $CT$ symmetry, for which the SO(1,1) charge $\\bar{Q}$ plays a crucial role.

Yi-Huan Wei

2005-02-17

181

Big Bang Cosmology Big Bang vs. Steady State  

E-print Network

Big Bang Cosmology Big Bang vs. Steady State Perfect cosmological principle: universe is unchanging/quasars for large distances (early times) · cosmic microwave background - consistent with Big Bang (BB by curvature #12;Expansion of Curved Universe Theory of General Relativity yields an equation for radius

Basu, Shantanu

182

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers and educators with an interest in climate change, and in particular in the recent 4th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change meetings in Buenos Aires, may find this collection of graphics and tables useful. Posted at the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP/GRID Arendal website (described in the June 24, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering), the data sources and summary procedures are described in the section entitled "Introduction and Explanation of Greenhouse Gas Graphics and Data." Graphs and tables show "the actual emissions of Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous oxide (N2O), and in some cases also emissions of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC's) and perfluorocarbons (PFC's) until 1995." Countries highlighted fall within Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Baltic States, North America, Asia-Pacific, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine. Also provided are several graphics of global climate predictions, potential sea level rise impacts, impacts on crop production, and trends in ice break-up dates.

Change., United N.

1998-01-01

183

John Herschel's Graphical Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1833 John Herschel published an account of his graphical method for determining the orbits of double stars. He had hoped to be the first to determine such orbits, but Felix Savary in France and Johann Franz Encke in Germany beat him to the punch using analytical methods. Herschel was convinced, however, that his graphical method was much superior to analytical methods, because it used the judgment of the hand and eye to correct the inevitable errors of observation. Line graphs of the kind used by Herschel became common only in the 1830s, so Herschel was introducing a new method. He also found computation fatiguing and devised a "wheeled machine" to help him out. Encke was skeptical of Herschel's methods. He said that he lived for calculation and that the English would be better astronomers if they calculated more. It is difficult to believe that the entire Scientific Revolution of the 17th century took place without graphs and that only a few examples appeared in the 18th century. Herschel promoted the use of graphs, not only in astronomy, but also in the study of meteorology and terrestrial magnetism. Because he was the most prominent scientist in England, Herschel's advocacy greatly advanced graphical methods.

Hankins, Thomas L.

2011-01-01

184

Rover Graphical Simulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rover Graphical Simulator (RGS) is a package of software that generates images of the motion of a wheeled robotic exploratory vehicle (rover) across terrain that includes obstacles and regions of varying traversability. The simulated rover moves autonomously, utilizing reasoning and decision-making capabilities of a fuzzy-logic navigation strategy to choose its path from an initial to a final state. RGS provides a graphical user interface for control and monitoring of simulations. The numerically simulated motion is represented as discrete steps with a constant time interval between updates. At each simulation step, a dot is placed at the old rover position and a graphical symbol representing the rover is redrawn at the new, updated position. The effect is to leave a trail of dots depicting the path traversed by the rover, the distances between dots being proportional to the local speed. Obstacles and regions of low traversability are depicted as filled circles, with buffer zones around them indicated by enclosing circles. The simulated robot is equipped with onboard sensors that can detect regional terrain traversability and local obstacles out to specified ranges. RGS won the NASA Group Achievement Award in 2002.

Bon, Bruce; Seraji, Homayoun

2007-01-01

185

Big Data Research @ Integrated Media Systems Center  

E-print Network

1 Big Data Research @ Integrated Media Systems Center h-Immersion · Big Data Research @ IMSC · Closing Remarks #12;3 IMSC Background · One Vision: Geo-Immersion Real World #12;5 Why Big Data? Big Analy

Shahabi, Cyrus

186

Story of big wells  

Microsoft Academic Search

In NE. Dimmit, SE. Zavala counties, approx. 75 miles southwest of San Antonio, the Big Wells field is developing as a fairly large, significant stratigraphic trap oil field. The San Miguel Sand of the Upper Taylor (Upper Cretaceous) is a section noted for tight sand conditions and small 5 to 10 well oil fields. Ranging from 5,300 to 5,700 ft

Layden

1971-01-01

187

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis  

E-print Network

The concordance of standard big bang nucleosynthesis theory and the related observations of the light element isotopes (including some new higher \\he4 abundances) will be reviewed. Implications of BBN on chemical evolution, dark matter and constraints on particle properties will be discussed.

Keith A. Olive

1997-12-11

188

Before the Big Bang  

ScienceCinema

The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose

2010-09-01

189

Before the Big Bang  

SciTech Connect

The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

Roger Penrose

2007-02-06

190

Big Wood River, Idaho  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Big Wood River flows through communities of the Wood River Valley of south-central Idaho. It is one of eight sites at which the USGS is conducting an ecological assessment during the summer of 2014. Study results will be published in 2015....

191

The big bang  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Hubble's observation in 1929 that the galaxies are moving away from each other at a constant rate which increases uniformly with distance, the concept of a time when all the material of the universe was contained in a single cosmic 'egg' has held sway, i.e., the big bang. The amount of time which has passed since the primeval explosion

J. Schmid-Burgk; M. Scholz

1978-01-01

192

Big Bang Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory which asserts that the universe originated a finite time ago by expanding from an infinitely compressed state. According to this model, space, time and matter originated together, and the universe has been expanding ever since. Key stages in the history of the Big Bang universe are summarized below....

P. Murdin

2000-01-01

193

The Big Sky inside  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Montana (UM)-Missoula has implemented a problem-based program in which students perform scientific research focused on indoor air pollution. The Air Toxics Under the Big Sky program (Jones et al. 2007; Adams et al. 2008; Ward et al. 2008) provides a community-based framework for understanding the complex relationship between poor…

Adams, Earle; Ward, Tony J.; Vanek, Diana; Marra, Nancy; Hester, Carolyn; Knuth, Randy; Spangler, Todd; Jones, David; Henthorn, Melissa; Hammill, Brock; Smith, Paul; Salisbury, Rob; Reckin, Gene; Boulafentis, Johna

2009-01-01

194

Big Opportunities WINTER 2014  

E-print Network

. Or in the medical world, large, multiple databases about the drugs that people take and those people's health Data science holds potential to change long-standing approaches to scientific discovery. [page 10] BIG into prominence on the global scene and become important in defining our world. For example, a decade ago few

Zhou, Yaoqi

195

THE BIG BELLY BLUES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Abdominal enlargements (big belly) occur for several reasons: when host tissues proliferate, when air bladders over-inflate, when fluids fill the body cavity, when egg production becomes much greater than normal, when the stomach becomes over-filled with food, and when invading organisms grow or mul...

196

Building Big: Shapes Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shapes Lab, from the PBS Building Big Series, shows how the shape of a structure affects its strength. Rectangles, arches, and triangles are compared for their distribution of stress and response to forces applied by the visitor. The site also contains information about forces, loads, and building materials.

2007-04-06

197

MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA  

E-print Network

1 MICROSOFT PRESENTS FROM BIG DATA TO SMART DATA: Using data to drive personalized brand January 22, 2014 ABSTRACT This white paper looks at Big Data from the marketing perspective, running DO WITH IT NEARLY EVERYONE IN MARKETING TODAY SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE CONCEPT OF BIG DATA

Chaudhuri, Surajit

198

Semantic Interoperability for Big Data  

E-print Network

Semantic Interoperability for Big Data Ken Baclawski College of Computer and Information Science Northeastern University #12;August 11, 2014 2 Emergence of Big Data The phenomenon was studied in the early based on the information scarcity model. #12;August 11, 2014 3 Characteristics of Big Data Large

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

199

Graphical Locater Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Daniel Goodman of the Montana State University Environmental Statistics Group designed the Graphical Locator Home Web site as an aid for acquiring and refining location data and related measures. Visitors will find several helpful geographical resources including a township-range-section converter, UTM converter, and a degrees-minutes-seconds converter. Although the tools do not necessarily cover all of the world or even the US, those able to utilize these easy-to-use devices should find them helpful. The site also offers several online interactive US and state maps, links, and much more.

Goodman, Daniel

200

Pattern Perception and Pictures for the Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recent research on perception of tangible pictures in sighted and blind people. Haptic picture naming accuracy is dependent upon familiarity and access to semantic memory, just as in visual recognition. Performance is high when haptic picture recognition tasks do not depend upon semantic memory. Viewpoint matters for the ease…

Heller, Morton A.; McCarthy, Melissa; Clark, Ashley

2005-01-01

201

Using Picture Books Kindergarten through High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A picture book is defined as a book in which the illustrations are as important as the text or written story. Picture books published today seem appropriate and exciting for anyone from 1 to 100 years old. Among the many kinds of picture books are Mother Goose books; toy books (board books, pop-up books, concept books, flap books, cloth books, and…

Richardson, Maurine V.; Miller, Margaret B.

202

An MEG Study of Picture Naming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to relate a psycholinguistic processing model of picture naming to the dynamics of cortical activation during picture naming. The activation was recorded from eight Dutch subjects with a whole-head neuromagnetometer. The processing model, based on extensive naming latency studies, is a stage model. In preparing a picture's name, the speaker performs a chain of

Willem J. M. Levelt; Peter Praamstra; Antje S. Meyer; Päivi Helenius; Riitta Salmelin

1998-01-01

203

Control point measurements on Mariner 9 pictures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements are given of the control points on the Mariner 9 pictures which were used in the computation of the June 1973 control net of Mars. The method of making the measurements is discussed along with the picture coordinate system and the removal of distortions. Table are presented of the 9804 measurements of 1645 points on 660 pictures.

Davies, M. E.

1973-01-01

204

Before the Big Bang  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This radio broadcast explores the cosmological hypothesis known as the cyclical universe, put forward by Neil Turok and Paul Steinhardt. In a cyclical universe, the Big Bang was not the beginning of time and space but merely a cataclysmic event - one of perhaps millions - that takes place from time to time in our universe. The broadcast describes how higher-dimensional, infinitely large parallel sheets called branes could collide together to produce a big bang; how inflation theory solves the puzzle of how the universe is uniform and homogeneous but conflicts with the cyclical universe theory; and how a satellite experiment that will observe patterns in gravity waves may determine whether the predictions of the cyclical universe theory or inflation theory are right. The broadcast is 30 minutes in length.

205

Big Wells field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big Wells field, 75 miles southwest of San Antonio, is producing from a large stratigraphic trap in a San Miguel Sand of the Upper Cretaceous Taylor Formation. Ranging from 5,300 to 5,800 ft in depth, it covers approx. 30,500 acres (25,400 oil, 5,100 gas) in an area 14 miles long and 3 miles wide. Estimated oil in place in 200

Layden

1974-01-01

206

Big Bear Solar Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) is located at the end of a causeway in a mountain lake more than 2 km above sea level. The site has more than 300 sunny days a year and a natural inversion caused by the lake which makes for very clean images. BBSO is the only university observatory in the US making high-resolution observations of the Sun. Its daily images are posted at http://www.bbso.njit.e...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

207

Big Bang Circus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big Bang Circus is an opera I composed in 2001 and which was premiered at the Venice Biennale Contemporary Music Festival in 2002. A chamber group, four singers and a ringmaster stage the story of the Universe confronting and interweaving two threads: how early man imagined it and how scientists described it. Surprisingly enough fancy, myths and scientific explanations often end up using the same images, metaphors and sometimes even words: a strong tension, a drumskin starting to vibrate, a shout…

Ambrosini, C.

2011-06-01

208

Big3. Editorial  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To provide an editorial introduction into the 2014 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics with an overview of the content, the new publishing scheme, and upcoming 25th anniversary. Methods A brief overview of the 2014 special topic, Big Data - Smart Health Strategies, and an outline of the novel publishing model is provided in conjunction with a call for proposals to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Yearbook. Results ‘Big Data’ has become the latest buzzword in informatics and promise new approaches and interventions that can improve health, well-being, and quality of life. This edition of the Yearbook acknowledges the fact that we just started to explore the opportunities that ‘Big Data’ will bring. However, it will become apparent to the reader that its pervasive nature has invaded all aspects of biomedical informatics – some to a higher degree than others. It was our goal to provide a comprehensive view at the state of ‘Big Data’ today, explore its strengths and weaknesses, as well as its risks, discuss emerging trends, tools, and applications, and stimulate the development of the field through the aggregation of excellent survey papers and working group contributions to the topic. Conclusions For the first time in history will the IMIA Yearbook be published in an open access online format allowing a broader readership especially in resource poor countries. For the first time, thanks to the online format, will the IMIA Yearbook be published twice in the year, with two different tracks of papers. We anticipate that the important role of the IMIA yearbook will further increase with these changes just in time for its 25th anniversary in 2016. PMID:24853037

Lehmann, Christoph U.; Séroussi, Brigitte; Jaulent, Marie-Christine

2014-01-01

209

Getting the Big Picture on Nanotechnology Insurance Issues: Addressing Coverage Issues for Long Tail Claims Can Help Prevent Big Headaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possible applications of nanotechnology seem limitless and span across a wide variety of industries including manufacturing, agriculture, environment, pharmaceuticals, health care, security, information technology, communications, energy, chemicals, and even space exploration. However, the potential loss scenarios could go far beyond anything experienced to date and could bring about a new dimension in personal injury, property damage, and third-party liability

Amy J. Fink

2007-01-01

210

Cascaded Processing in Written Naming: Evidence from the Picture-Picture Interference Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of how information flows within the lexical system in written naming was investigated in five experiments. In Experiment 1, participants named target pictures that were accompanied by context pictures having phonologically and orthographically related or unrelated names (e.g., a picture of a "ball" superimposed on a picture of a "bed").…

Roux, Sebastien; Bonin, Patrick

2012-01-01

211

GFI - EASY PC GRAPHICS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Easy PC Graphics (GFI) is a graphical plot program that permits data to be easily and flexibly plotted. Data is input in a standard format which allows easy data entry and evaluation. Multiple dependent axes are also supported. The program may either be run in a stand alone mode or be embedded in the user's own software. Automatic scaling is built in for several logarithmic and decibel scales. New scales are easily incorporated into the code through the use of object-oriented programming techniques. For the autoscale routines and the actual plotting code, data is not retrieved directly from a file, but a "method" delivers the data, performing scaling as appropriate. Each object (variable) has state information which selects its own scaling. GFI is written in Turbo Pascal version 6.0 for IBM PC compatible computers running MS-DOS. The source code will only compile properly with the Turbo Pascal v. 6.0 or v. 7.0 compilers; however, an executable is provided on the distribution disk. This executable requires at least 64K of RAM and DOS 3.1 or higher, as well as an HP LaserJet printer to print output plots. The standard distribution medium for this program is one 5.25 inch 360K MS-DOS format diskette. The contents of the diskette are compressed using the PKWARE archiving tools. The utility to unarchive the files, PKUNZIP.EXE, is included. An electronic copy of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium in ASCII format. GFI was developed in 1993.

Katz, R. B.

1994-01-01

212

LONGLIB - A GRAPHICS LIBRARY  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This library is a set of subroutines designed for vector plotting to CRT's, plotters, dot matrix, and laser printers. LONGLIB subroutines are invoked by program calls similar to standard CALCOMP routines. In addition to the basic plotting routines, LONGLIB contains an extensive set of routines to allow viewport clipping, extended character sets, graphic input, shading, polar plots, and 3-D plotting with or without hidden line removal. LONGLIB capabilities include surface plots, contours, histograms, logarithm axes, world maps, and seismic plots. LONGLIB includes master subroutines, which are self-contained series of commonly used individual subroutines. When invoked, the master routine will initialize the plotting package, and will plot multiple curves, scatter plots, log plots, 3-D plots, etc. and then close the plot package, all with a single call. Supported devices include VT100 equipped with Selanar GR100 or GR100+ boards, VT125s, VT240s, VT220 equipped with Selanar SG220, Tektronix 4010/4014 or 4107/4109 and compatibles, and Graphon GO-235 terminals. Dot matrix printer output is available by using the provided raster scan conversion routines for DEC LA50, Printronix printers, and high or low resolution Trilog printers. Other output devices include QMS laser printers, Postscript compatible laser printers, and HPGL compatible plotters. The LONGLIB package includes the graphics library source code, an on-line help library, scan converter and meta file conversion programs, and command files for installing, creating, and testing the library. The latest version, 5.0, is significantly enhanced and has been made more portable. Also, the new version's meta file format has been changed and is incompatible with previous versions. A conversion utility is included to port the old meta files to the new format. Color terminal plotting has been incorporated. LONGLIB is written in FORTRAN 77 for batch or interactive execution and has been implemented on a DEC VAX series computer operating under VMS. This program was developed in 1985, and last updated in 1988.

Long, D.

1994-01-01

213

Research with the Big 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Big 6 is simply a name given to the process of research! 6 easy steps! You will need to turn in a paper when you finish this assignment. Start by putting your name and hour on the top of your paper. Now look at the following web site. Then on your paper, give your own definition for The Big 6. What is Big 6 Now take a closer look ...

Griffiths, Mrs.

2009-03-24

214

Effects of Iconicity on Requesting with the Picture Exchange Communication System in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on graphic symbol learning suggests that symbols with a greater visual resemblance to their referents (greater iconicity) are more easily learned. The iconicity hypothesis has not yet been explored within the intervention protocol of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). Within the PECS protocol, participants do not point to a…

Angermeier, Katie; Schlosser, Ralf W.; Luiselli, James K.; Harrington, Caroline; Carter, Beth

2008-01-01

215

Refreshable Tactile Graphics Applied to Schoolbook Illustrations for Students with Visual Impairment  

E-print Network

that children with visual impairment could use. We experimented with three scientific graphics (diagram, bar content, partly since they are easier to produce. Schoolbooks have a lot more pictures, often two or three: it is almost impossible to distinguish the oars and the body of the Permission to make digital or hard copies

Levesque, Vincent

216

Binary character\\/graphics image extraction: a new technique and six evaluation aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deals with the extraction of binary character\\/graphics images from grayscale document images with background pictures, shadows, highlight, smear and smudge. The authors review four published extraction techniques, and present a new technique. They then propose speed, memory requirement, stroke width restriction, parameter number, parameter setting and human subjective evaluation of result images as six aspects for evaluating and analysing extraction

M. Kamel; Aiguo Zhao

1992-01-01

217

Graphical animation of behavior models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graphical animation is a way of visualizing the behavior of design models. This visualization is of use in validating a design model against informally specified requirements and in interpreting the meaning and significance of analysis results in relation to the problem domain. In this paper we describe how behavior models specified by Labeled Transition Systems (LTS) can drive graphical animations.

Jeff Magee; Nat Pryce; Dimitra Giannakopoulou; Jeff Kramer

2000-01-01

218

Call for Papers Web Graphics  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Web Graphics Special Issue of IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications Guest Editors a migration of traditional applications to run on the Web environment and a growing demand for more powerful web-based applications. Fused by the increasing availability and dramatic reduction in the cost of 3D

Lau, W. H. Nynson

219

Low-Budget Graphic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the use of a standard text-based database program (i.e., dBase III) to run external programs that display graphic files during a database session and reduces costs normally encountered when preparing a computer to run a graphical database. An example is given of a simple database with two fields. (LRW)

Mahoney, Dan

1994-01-01

220

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section A Java  

E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section A ­ Java 1 - Introduction 2 - Installation & First Programs 3 - GUI: Layout Managers 9 - GUI: JMenu Gary Hill December 2003 Java 1 of 1 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING 1, sample applications, and support for Java standards. Get started quickly using the included tutorials

Hill, Gary

221

Big Time Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity (on pages 16-21), learners get a sense of geological time by understanding how big a million is. Part One of the activity is the "Million Appreciation Lesson," which puts a million seconds, names in a phone book, and hiked steps into more familiar units. Part Two is "Investigating All Time," where learners make a time line for the history of the Earth using the length of their own arm to represent the total 4.5 billion year long scale. They mark major time zones, such as the age of the dinosaurs, at appropriate lengths along the time line.

Museum, University O.; Nebraska Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development

2002-01-01

222

The Big Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth and Space science include many specific facts, theories, and questions, but among these, scientists and educators have identified a certain small set as the "big ideas" that organize the intellectual domain. This project is a synthesis of these statements into a single, compact, and defensible list, identifying the major ideas in Earth and space science that are important for investigation by students. The list of 25 concepts is divided in to seven topic areas: the Earth System, the Geosphere, the Atmosphere, the Hydrosphere, the Biosphere, Space Science, and the Nature of Earth Science. An extensive list of links is provided to teaching resources that address the 25 items on the list.

223

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Geometric Modeling  

E-print Network

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Geometric Modeling CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Overview 3D Shape, subdivision surfaces, implicit surfaces, particles. · Solids CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Basic Shapes CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Fundamental Shapes CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Fundamental Shapes CSC6870 Computer

Hua, Jing

224

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D -JAVA 3D  

E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - JAVA 3D 1SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D........................................................................................... 2 30 Graphics 3D: Introduction to Java 3D........................................................................................ 78 ©Gary Hill September 2004 Java 3-D 1 of 13 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D 30

Hill, Gary

225

Quantum fields in a big-crunch-big-bang spacetime  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider quantum field theory on a spacetime representing the big-crunch-big-bang transition postulated in ekpyrotic or cyclic cosmologies. We show via several independent methods that an essentially unique matching rule holds connecting the incoming state, in which a single extra dimension shrinks to zero, to the outgoing state in which it reexpands at the same rate. For free fields in

Andrew J. Tolley; Neil Turok

2002-01-01

226

77 FR 65582 - Quad Graphics, Inc., Including Workers Whose Wages Were Reported Under Quad Graphics Printing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wages Were Reported Under Quad Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics Services...Quad Graphics, Inc., Quad Graphics Printing Corp., and Quad Logistics Services...wages were reported under Quad Graphics Printing Corp. and Quad Logistics...

2012-10-29

227

The Big6 Process  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webquest is designed to introduce students to the stages of the Big6 process. The ideal age group for this webquest would be the middle grades (7-9). The teacher will need to take students to the library media center and assist students in opening the page. Distribute the accompanying handout to students and provide assistance as they go through the process. This lesson will probably take two class periods to complete. The following elements of the Utah Library Media Core Curriculum will be addressed in this lesson: -- Standard 1: Students will define a task and identify information needed. -- Standard 2: Students will identify, evaluate, and select resources. -- Standard 3: Students will locate resources and access information within resources. -- Standard 4: Students will engage and extract information. -- Standard 5: Students will organize, synthesize, and present information. -- Standard 6: Students will evaluate the process and the product. THE BIG6 Every day we face many choices. In order to make the best choice possible, we must solve what is called an "information problem." In other words, we must go through a process in which we consider the various alternatives and select the one we think will be ...

Ms. Sinclair

2009-11-28

228

ElectroEncephaloGraphics: Making waves in computer graphics research.  

PubMed

Electroencephalography (EEG) is a novel modality for investigating perceptual graphics problems. Until recently, EEG has predominantly been used for clinical diagnosis, in psychology, and by the brain-computer-interface community. Researchers are extending it to help understand the perception of visual output from graphics applications and to create approaches based on direct neural feedback. Researchers have applied EEG to graphics to determine perceived image and video quality by detecting typical rendering artifacts, to evaluate visualization effectiveness by calculating the cognitive load, and to automatically optimize rendering parameters for images and videos on the basis of implicit neural feedback. PMID:25216478

Mustafa, Maryam; Magnor, Marcus

2014-01-01

229

The facilitation of picture naming in aphasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of four experiments are described investigating the effects of a number of treatments on the ability of aphasic patients to retrieve picture names, at some time after the treatment is applied. Auditory word-to-picture matching, visual word-to-picture matching and semantic judgements are found to have effects lasting for up to 24 hours. It is argued that durable facilitation of

David Howard; Karalyn Patterson; Sue Franklin; Virginia Orchard-lisle; John Morton

1985-01-01

230

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup (CGS) is a Java tool to help users of the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) plan observations. It allows users to visualize the correlator bands overlaid on frequency space and view spectral lines within each band. Bands can be click-dragged to anywhere in frequency and can have their properties (e.g., bandwidth, quantization level, rest frequency) changed interactively. Spectral lines can be filtered from the view by expected line strength to reduce visual clutter. Once the user is happy with the setup, a button click generates the Python commands needed to configure the correlator within the observing script. CGS can also read Python configurations from an observing script and reproduce the correlator setup that was used. Because the correlator hardware description is defined in an XML file, the tool can be rapidly reconfigured for changing hardware. This has been quite useful as CARMA has recently commissioned a new correlator. The tool was written in Java by high school summer interns working in UMD's Laboratory for Millimeter Astronomy and has become an essential planning tool for CARMA PIs.

Wu, D.; Shaya, B.; Pound, M. W.

2011-07-01

231

Historical Graphics Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by historian Jim Zwick, this Website features extensive collections of US political cartoons, photographs, and advertising from the 19th and early decades of the 20th century. The site includes a thorough discussion, augmented by full-scale images of illustrations, of the origins of political cartooning in the early nineteenth century from its genesis to a force in the eventual defeat of the Boss Tweed machine to editorial illustrations commenting on Theodore Roosevelt, Uncle Sam, and the Women's suffrage movement. There are also sections here on the political art of Dan Beard -- a nineteenth-century illustrator and founder of the Boy Scouts, advertisements from the Spanish-American & Philippine-American Wars, and collections of photographs from these two wars as well as images of atrocities in the Congo, publicized by the Congo Reform Association in their campaign against King Leopold's rule of the Congo Free State. Most images can be examined in medium or large sizes, with options for zooming in and scanning the images. The accompanying written history of these images is also considerable and well-informed. Zwick has written extensively about the age of imperialism in America in both scholarly and popular venues. Note: Because of the number of graphic files on this site, many Mac users may need to make more memory available for their browser when visiting it.

232

Graphical presentation of diagnostic information  

PubMed Central

Background Graphical displays of results allow researchers to summarise and communicate the key findings of their study. Diagnostic information should be presented in an easily interpretable way, which conveys both test characteristics (diagnostic accuracy) and the potential for use in clinical practice (predictive value). Methods We discuss the types of graphical display commonly encountered in primary diagnostic accuracy studies and systematic reviews of such studies, and systematically review the use of graphical displays in recent diagnostic primary studies and systematic reviews. Results We identified 57 primary studies and 49 systematic reviews. Fifty-six percent of primary studies and 53% of systematic reviews used graphical displays to present results. Dot-plot or box-and- whisker plots were the most commonly used graph in primary studies and were included in 22 (39%) studies. ROC plots were the most common type of plot included in systematic reviews and were included in 22 (45%) reviews. One primary study and five systematic reviews included a probability-modifying plot. Conclusion Graphical displays are currently underused in primary diagnostic accuracy studies and systematic reviews of such studies. Diagnostic accuracy studies need to include multiple types of graphic in order to provide both a detailed overview of the results (diagnostic accuracy) and to communicate information that can be used to inform clinical practice (predictive value). Work is required to improve graphical displays, to better communicate the utility of a test in clinical practice and the implications of test results for individual patients. PMID:18405357

Whiting, Penny F; Sterne, Jonathan AC; Westwood, Marie E; Bachmann, Lucas M; Harbord, Roger; Egger, Matthias; Deeks, Jonathan J

2008-01-01

233

Think Big, Bigger ... and Smaller  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One important principle of social psychology, writes Nisbett, is that some big-seeming interventions have little or no effect. This article discusses a number of cases from the field of education that confirm this principle. For example, Head Start seems like a big intervention, but research has indicated that its effects on academic achievement…

Nisbett, Richard E.

2010-01-01

234

Whole Language Using Big Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as thematic units around Wright Company Big Books, the lessons in this guide demonstrate ways that Big Books can be used in a whole language first grade program. Each lesson indicates skill focus, needed materials, procedures, and additional thoughts or suggestions about the lesson. Units consist of: "Bedtime" (five lessons); "Monsters…

Whyte, Sarah

235

Big learning: challenges and opportunities  

E-print Network

Sup´erieure October 2013 #12;Scientific context Big data · Omnipresent digital media ­ Multimedia, sensors, indicators, social networks ­ All levels: personal, professional, scientific, industrial ­ Too ­ Opportunities (and threats) #12;Scientific context Big data · Omnipresent digital media ­ Multimedia, sensors

Ingrand, François

236

Science big in 1989 budget  

Microsoft Academic Search

The $1.09 trillion budget that President Reagan sent to Congress on February 18, 1988, calls for large increases in science and technology spending while staying close to but not always within the limits of the budget summit agreement reached by the White House and congressional leaders late in 1987.Big science was a big winner in the Fiscal Year (FY) 1989

William Ward Maggs

1988-01-01

237

How Different is Big Data?  

Microsoft Academic Search

One buzzword that has been popular in the last couple of years is Big Data. In simplest terms, Big Data symbolizes the aspiration to build platforms and tools to ingest, store and analyze data that can be voluminous, diverse, and possibly fast changing. In this talk, I will try to reflect on a few of the technical problems presented by

Surajit Chaudhuri

2012-01-01

238

Big Data and Privacy Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of social networks, mobile technologies, smart phones, tablet devices, Web 2.0, prospective semantic Web, geolocation technologies and machine to machine communications (M2M) we are faced with a never before seen amount of Data -thus Big Data. We are also witnessing leap improvements in the data mining, machine learning techniques that will enable the analysis of this Big

2012-01-01

239

Pictures: A simple structured graphics model Sigbjorn Finne and Simon Peyton Jones,  

E-print Network

to both workstation and printer in Haggis[5], a user interface framework written in Concurrent Haskell[10 to Encapsulated PostScript[9] 1 after having first viewed it on a workstation display using Haggis. 2 Motivation

Jones, Simon Peyton

240

Big6 Winter Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Goals: a. Students will be able to identify the four seasons. b. Students will be able to identify three animals (bear, goose, moose) and know their lifestyle patterns in congruence with the four seasons, especially Winter months. c. Students will develop an understanding of their environment. 2nd Grade Standard III: Students will develop an understanding of their environment Objective 2: Observe and describe weather Goal C: Describe how weather affects people and weather Lesson Objectives: a. Identify the seasons and represent each with pictures and songs. b. Observe and describe typical weather for each of ...

Cook, Mrs.

2010-11-05

241

Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the ''boundaries'' of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point x. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to x and possibly of the light cone of x. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from ''the end of previous aeon'' of the expanding and cooling Universe to the ''beginning of the next aeon'' is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Manin, Yuri I.; Marcolli, Matilde

2014-07-01

242

Big Bang, Blowup, and Modular Curves: Algebraic Geometry in Cosmology  

E-print Network

We introduce some algebraic geometric models in cosmology related to the "boundaries" of space-time: Big Bang, Mixmaster Universe, Penrose's crossovers between aeons. We suggest to model the kinematics of Big Bang using the algebraic geometric (or analytic) blow up of a point $x$. This creates a boundary which consists of the projective space of tangent directions to $x$ and possibly of the light cone of $x$. We argue that time on the boundary undergoes the Wick rotation and becomes purely imaginary. The Mixmaster (Bianchi IX) model of the early history of the universe is neatly explained in this picture by postulating that the reverse Wick rotation follows a hyperbolic geodesic connecting imaginary time axis to the real one. Penrose's idea to see the Big Bang as a sign of crossover from "the end of previous aeon" of the expanding and cooling Universe to the "beginning of the next aeon" is interpreted as an identification of a natural boundary of Minkowski space at infinity with the Big Bang boundary.

Yuri I. Manin; Matilde Marcolli

2014-07-09

243

Dynamic run-time graphics  

SciTech Connect

The major components of the Instant Graphics Package (IGP) have been integrated with the Dynamic Debugging Tool (DDT). IGP and DDT can produce 1D, 2D, and 3D plots; 2D contour plots; and array-versus-array plots at run time for a CTSS controllee memory image. These plots can be used to graphically inspect any array and to satisfy many of the user community's routine graphics requirements. A brief overview of the USERPORT feature, which can dynamically interface to any fragment of a CTSS controllee, will be presented. 7 refs., 17 figs.

Tabor, J.

1987-01-01

244

Picture Indexing and Abstraction Techniques for Pictorial Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach for picture indexing and abstraction. Picture indexing facilitates information retrieval from a pictorial database consisting of picture objects and picture relations. To construct picture indexes, abstraction operations to perform picture object clustering and classification are formulated. To substantiate the abstraction operations, we also formalize syntactic abstraction rules and semantic abstraction rules. We then illustrate by examples

Shi-Kuo Chang; Shao-Hung Liu

1984-01-01

245

CRCHD - CPRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - CPRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model Home Health Disparities Research CRCHD Research Ongoing Research CPRCHD CPRCHD Goals and Objectives CPRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model CRCHD Research Ongoing Research

246

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model Home Health Disparities Research CRCHD Research Ongoing Research PACHE PACHE Goals and Objectives PACHE Graphic of Partnership Model CRCHD Research Ongoing Research

247

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model Home Health Disparities Research CRCHD Research Ongoing Research PRCHD PRCHD Goals and Objectives PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model CRCHD Research Ongoing Research

248

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - PRCHD Graphic of Partnership Model Home Disparities Research Programs CRCHD Ongoing Research PACHE PACHE Goals and Objectives PACHE Graphic of Partnership Model CRCHD Research Ongoing Research CRCHD

249

Big Bounce Genesis  

E-print Network

We report on the possibility to use dark matter mass and its interaction cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a big bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the contraction and expansion phases of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter--compared to the standard cosmology--is produced and survives until today, diluted only by the cosmic expansion since the radiation dominated era. Once DM mass and its interaction strength with ordinary matter are determined by experiments, this alternative route becomes a signature of the bounce universe scenario.

Li, Changhong; Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E

2014-01-01

250

Big Box Reuse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By now, the story is a familiar one, particularly for small towns and various exurban areas: A major retailer constructs what is referred to as a "big box" commercial building, and subsequently closes up shop several years later. While there is often a great public hue and cry over the construction of such buildings, few people have looked into what happens to these structures after they are abandoned. Julia Christensen (a MFA student at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) has stepped into the fray to help answer that question. With the use of an interactive map of the United States, visitors can view the transformation of such structures from major retail outlets into flea markets, churches, apartments, and a host of other uses. For each site, Christensen has also included photographs of how the building has been reused and adapted, adding a nice dimension to her work. Planners, architectural pundits, and others will find plenty to keep themselves busy within this intriguing site.

251

Big-bounce genesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the possibility of using dark matter particle's mass and its interaction cross section as a smoking gun signal of the existence of a big bounce at the early stage in the evolution of our currently observed universe. A model independent study of dark matter production in the pre-bounce contraction and the post-bounce expansion epochs of the bounce universe reveals a new venue for achieving the observed relic abundance of our present universe, in which a significantly smaller amount of dark matter with a smaller cross section—as compared to the prediction of standard cosmology—is produced and the information about the bounce universe evolution is preserved by the out-of-thermal-equilibrium process. Once the value of dark matter mass and interaction cross section are obtained by direct detection in laboratories, this alternative route becomes a signature prediction of the bounce universe scenario.

Li, Changhong; Brandenberger, Robert H.; Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.

2014-12-01

252

Graphic and cultural aspects of pictograms: an information ergonomics viewpoint.  

PubMed

The use of pictograms is discussed considering their information content, graphic complexity and cultural dimension. The resemblance and the illusion theories are highlighted to define pictogram as a salience-based representation system, which communicational efficacy depends upon historical and cultural aspects in their interpretation. Thus, the competence in interpreting pictograms is considered relative to users' acquaintance with the pictorial system and with the referents. Pictogram as a general/neutral visual statement is questioned, pointing out the cultural and gender attributes added to pictures to represent people, professions and social events. As a result of this discussion, some critical points of the standardization of pictograms are presented. PMID:22317238

Spinillo, Carla Galvão

2012-01-01

253

Big bang and big crunch in matrix string theory  

SciTech Connect

Following the holographic description of linear dilaton null cosmologies with a big bang in terms of matrix string theory put forward by Craps, Sethi, and Verlinde, we propose an extended background describing a universe including both big bang and big crunch singularities. This belongs to a class of exact string backgrounds and is perturbative in the string coupling far away from the singularities, both of which can be resolved using matrix string theory. We provide a simple theory capable of describing the complete evolution of this closed universe.

Bedford, J.; Ward, J. [Centre for Research in String Theory, Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, CERN-Theory Division, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Papageorgakis, C. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Rodriguez-Gomez, D. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2007-04-15

254

Learning Latent Tree Graphical Models  

E-print Network

We study the problem of learning a latent tree graphical model where samples are available only from a subset of variables. We propose two consistent and computationally efficient algorithms for learning minimal latent ...

Choi, Myung Jin

255

Domain and Range--Graphically!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demo is designed to help students use graphical representations of functions to determine the domain and range. A set of interactive Excel spreadsheets and animations are included and can be downloaded.

Roberts, Lila F.

256

Pictorial and Conceptual Representation of Glimpsed Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pictures seen in a rapid sequence are remembered briefly, but most are forgotten within a few seconds (M. C. Potter, A. Staub, J. Rado, & D. H. O'Connor, 2002). The authors investigated the pictorial and conceptual components of this fleeting memory by presenting 5 pictured scenes and immediately testing recognition of verbal titles (e.g., people at a table) or recognition

Mary C. Potter; Adrian Staub; Daniel H. OConnor

2004-01-01

257

Periodic Table of Elements in Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a great resource for science and chemistry students at the K-12 level or even postsecondary. The image shows each element of the periodic table represented by a picture of something that contains that element. For example, sulfur depicts a picture of egg yolks. It is very interesting and will help students relate and memorize the elements.

2013-06-07

258

Communicating with Pictures. P-8A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 1976, the National Development Service of Nepal and UNICEF conducted a study designed to determine whether it would be possible to communicate ideas and information to Nepalese villagers who cannot read by using pictures only, the kinds of pictures that are most meaningful for villagers, and whether different colors have special meanings…

Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

259

Today's Date Student Organization Picture Request  

E-print Network

Today's Date Student Organization Picture Request Organization Information Organization Submitting pictures of student organizations in our meeting rooms. All student organizations are invited to submit as OrganizationName_1, OrganizationName_2, etc.) A complete application must be emailed or printed (if printing

Alpay, S. Pamir

260

Musicality in the Language of Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of picture books who write especially melodic language are doing more than simply offering up work that is pleasing to the ear. They are accessing more of the whole child. In this article five picture books will be discussed for their musical attributes: "Now One Foot, Now the Other", by Tomie dePaola, "The Cat in the Hat", by Dr.…

Heald, Robin

2008-01-01

261

Get the Picture- Get the Story  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Illumination activity, students act as reporters at the Super Bowl. Students study four pictures of things that they would typically find at a football game: players, a scoreboard, a crowd, and a concession stand. Students are asked to create problem situations that correspond to their interpretation of each of the pictures. The lesson includes a student worksheet and extension questions.

2009-01-01

262

77 FR 25082 - Picture Permit Imprint Indicia  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...legally actionable; (4) compete with a Postal Service product or service; or (5) promote alcohol, tobacco, weapons, or gambling. f. A picture permit imprint indicia (5.4) may not be used on reply mail pieces. 5.4.4 Application A Picture...

2012-04-27

263

Real-time computerized annotation of pictures.  

PubMed

Developing effective methods for automated annotation of digital pictures continues to challenge computer scientists. The capability of annotating pictures by computers can lead to breakthroughs in a wide range of applications, including Web image search, online picture-sharing communities, and scientific experiments. In this work, the authors developed new optimization and estimation techniques to address two fundamental problems in machine learning. These new techniques serve as the basis for the Automatic Linguistic Indexing of Pictures - Real Time (ALIPR) system of fully automatic and high speed annotation for online pictures. In particular, the D2-clustering method, in the same spirit as k-means for vectors, is developed to group objects represented by bags of weighted vectors. Moreover, a generalized mixture modeling technique (kernel smoothing as a special case) for non-vector data is developed using the novel concept of Hypothetical Local Mapping (HLM). ALIPR has been tested by thousands of pictures from an Internet photo-sharing site, unrelated to the source of those pictures used in the training process. Its performance has also been studied at an online demo site where arbitrary users provide pictures of their choices and indicate the correctness of each annotation word. The experimental results show that a single computer processor can suggest annotation terms in real-time and with good accuracy. PMID:18421105

Li, Jia; Wang, James Z

2008-06-01

264

Aristotle on Pictures of Ignoble Animals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the "Poetics" is a widely read, accessible classic, the author points to a minor flaw of some interest. In a well-known passage early in the "Poetics," Aristotle is in error about pictures. The matter is significant to both the theory of pictures and to Aristotle scholarship. The author sets out Aristotle's position as follows: (1) It…

Socher, David

2005-01-01

265

Affective Priming With Subliminally Presented Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective priming studies have demonstrated that subliminally presented prime words can exert an influence on responses towards positive or negative target stimuli. In the present series of experiments, it was investigated whether these findings can be extended to pictorial stimuli. Ideographically selected positive, neutral, and negative picture primes that were sandwich-masked immediately preceded positive or negative target pictures (Experiment 1)

Dirk Hermans; Adriaan Spruyt; Jan De Houwer; Paul Eelen

2003-01-01

266

Children's Inductive Reasoning Performance on Picture Stimuli.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty subjects 4, 6, 8, and 10 years of age inductively identified partially uncovered silhouettes of three simple pictures. Subjects removed as few as possible covering pieces, according to their own strategies, to correctly name the pictures. Performance generally improved with increased age on the two dependent measures, inductively inferring…

Cox, William F., Jr.; Fletcher, Harold J.

267

Power Picture Books: Tools for Teaching Peace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The picture book is a simple yet profound tool for teaching peace. Picture books are nearly pieces of art--with rich text accompanied by illustrations, paintings, and photographs that speak to the spirit of the child. They are an ideal peace resource, in part because they are readily accessible for all age levels. Books can be borrowed through…

Haskins, Cathleen

2008-01-01

268

Pictorial and Conceptual Representation of Glimpsed Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pictures seen in a rapid sequence are remembered briefly, but most are forgotten within a few seconds (M. C. Potter. A. Staub, J. Rado. & D. H. O'Connor. 2002). The authors investigated the pictorial and conceptual components of this fleeting memory by presenting 5 pictured scenes and immediately testing recognition of verbal titles (e.g., people…

Potter, Mary C.; Staub, Adrian; O'Connor, Daniel H.

2004-01-01

269

Semantic classification of pictures and words.  

PubMed

We provide new behavioural norms for semantic classification of pictures and words. The picture stimuli are 288 black and white line drawings from the International Picture Naming Project ([Székely, A., Jacobsen, T., D'Amico, S., Devescovi, A., Andonova, E., Herron, D., et al. (2004). A new on-line resource for psycholinguistic studies. Journal of Memory & Language, 51, 247-250]). We presented these pictures for classification in a living/nonliving decision, and in a separate version of the task presented the corresponding word labels for classification. We analyzed behavioural responses to a subset of the stimuli in order to explore questions about semantic processing. We found multiple semantic richness effects for both picture and word classification. Further, while lexical-level factors were related to semantic classification of words, they were not related to semantic classification of pictures. We argue that these results are consistent with privileged semantic access for pictures, and point to ways in which these data could be used to address other questions about picture processing and semantic memory. PMID:25403693

Taikh, Alex; Hargreaves, Ian S; Yap, Melvin J; Pexman, Penny M

2014-11-18

270

Home TV Radio Talk Where I Live A-Z Index Low Graphics version | Change edition About BBC News  

E-print Network

Home TV Radio Talk Where I Live A-Z Index Low Graphics version | Change edition About BBC News News and Signal Processing at the By Roberto Belo BBC News technology reporter University of Surrey's Jeremiah Tesco begins m EU confident ov Page 1 of 4BBC NEWS | Technology | Putting a face to 'Big Brother' 08

Bowden, Richard

271

APSRS state-base graphics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

U.S. Geological Survey

1981-01-01

272

Graphical Approach to Endoreversible Thermodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A graphical method has been proposed to analyze the performance of endoreversible Curzon-Ahlborn heat engine in which the internal reversible part, Carnot heat engine, is coupled to the external world through irreversible heat conductors. The method allows an intuitive grasp of essential features of the process without recourse to tedious mathematical procedures, and makes it possible to find the optimized operating condition not by analytical differentiation but through elementary graphical considerations.

Yajima, Yusuke

273

Planetary Photojournal Home Page Graphic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image is an unannotated version of the Planetary Photojournal Home Page graphic. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

2004-01-01

274

Photojournal Home Page Graphic 2007  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image is an unannotated version of the Photojournal Home Page graphic released in October 2007. This digital collage contains a highly stylized rendition of our solar system and points beyond. As this graphic was intended to be used as a navigation aid in searching for data within the Photojournal, certain artistic embellishments have been added (color, location, etc.). Several data sets from various planetary and astronomy missions were combined to create this image.

2008-01-01

275

Graphic design of pinhole cameras  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes a graphic technique for the analysis and optimization of pinhole size and focal length. The technique is based on the use of the transfer function of optical elements described by Scott (1959) to construct the transfer function of a circular pinhole camera. This transfer function is the response of a component or system to a pattern of lines having a sinusoidally varying radiance at varying spatial frequencies. Some specific examples of graphic design are presented.

Edwards, H. B.; Chu, W. P.

1979-01-01

276

More Picture-Perfect SCIENCE Lessons: Using Children's Books to Guide Inquiry, K-4  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers raved when NSTA Press published Picture-Perfect Science Lessons in 2005.* They loved its lively mix of kid-magnet books, Standards-based science content and ready-to-teach lessons. So what could be more perfect? More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons! This volume offers 15 new lessons that combine picture books and inquiry to develop students' interest in science and reading. The sequel follows the winning formula that made the first book an NSTA best seller. The lessons, following the 5E instructional model developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) cover a variety of science content--physical science, life science, and Earth and Space Science. They include reproducible student pages and assessments. They feature embedded reading-comprehension strategies. And they make students yearn to learn from such engaging fiction and nonfiction books as Diary of a Worm, Sunshine On My Shoulders, How Big is a Foot? and Leo Cockroach, Toy Tester. The authors know how important it is for time-starved teachers to integrate science and reading in a natural way and how students with reading troubles can use an extra nudge to get engaged in science texts. More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons is the perfect supplement to your science program--and the perfect way to help students develop a love of reading and learning about science. *Teachers weren't the only ones raving! Picture-Perfect won the 2005 Distinguished Achievement Award for Teacher Resource Books from the Association of Educational Publishers.

Morgan, Emily; Ansberry, Karen

2007-01-01

277

Interactive Computer Graphics Shiaofen Fang  

E-print Network

by passing polarized light from a light source through a liquid-crystal material that can be aligned, at normal refreshing rate. #12;8 LCD (Liquid-Crystal Display) A flat-panel display. Producing a picture

Fang, Shiaofen

278

BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Submitted to Provost Hexter  

E-print Network

BIG DATA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT Submitted to Provost Hexter February 22, 2013 #12..................................................................................................................................... 5 1. Big Data, Big Challenges, Big Opportunities ......................................................................................... 5 2. UC Davis and Big Data: State of the Art and Current Needs

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

279

Sailing through the big crunch-big bang transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a recent series of papers, we have shown that theories with scalar fields coupled to gravity (e.g., the standard model) can be lifted to a Weyl-invariant equivalent theory in which it is possible to unambiguously trace the classical cosmological evolution through the transition from big crunch to big bang. The key was identifying a sufficient number of finite, Weyl-invariant conserved quantities to uniquely match the fundamental cosmological degrees of freedom across the transition. In doing so we had to account for the well-known fact that many Weyl-invariant quantities diverge at the crunch and bang. Recently, some authors rediscovered a few of these divergences and concluded based on their existence alone that the theories cannot be geodesically complete. In this paper, we show that this conclusion is invalid. Using conserved quantities we explicitly construct the complete set of geodesics and show that they pass continuously through the big crunch-big bang transition.

Bars, Itzhak; Steinhardt, Paul; Turok, Neil

2014-03-01

280

IYA2009 Programmes in Canada: The ``Big Picture'' in June 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership---Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ), and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)---is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programmes, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through the `Galileo Moment' theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and/or virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programmes of Canada's major planetaria and science centres, a national astronomy lecture series, as well as partnerships with arts and cultural organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement in high-traffic locales From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams. Our proposal for commemorative stamps has been accepted, and efforts are underway to secure commemorative coins, as well. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See http://www.astronomy2009.ca for current information.

Hesser, J. E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P.; Percy, J. R.

2008-11-01

281

U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Loss: The Big Picture  

E-print Network

A first step in realizing industrial energy efficiency opportunities is to understand how industry is using, and losing, energy. The U.S. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a reliable macro-scale reference for manufacturing energy...

Brueske, S.; Sabouni, R.

2014-01-01

282

IMPLEMENTING A COMPUTERIZED TUTOR IN A STATISTICAL REASONING COURSE: GETTING THE BIG PICTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a computerized learningtool that we have developed to help overcome this obstacle. This tool is a cognitive tutor in whichstudents solve data-analysis problems and receive individually tailored feedback. We discuss ourcognitive tutor's use in the course and its measured effectiveness in a controlled experiment

Oded Meyer; Marsha Lovett

283

Getting the Big Picture on Small Screens: Quality of Experience in Mobile TV  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This chapter provides an overview of the key factors that influence the Quality of Experience (QoE) of mobile TV services. It compiles the current knowledgefrom,empirical studies and recommendations,on four key requirements,for the uptake of mobile TV services: handset usability and its acceptance by the user, the technical performance and reliability of the

Hendrik Knoche; M. Angela Sasse

284

Getting the Big Picture: Writing to Learn in a Finance Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a project incorporating writing-to- learn activities into an introductory finance class. Such activities use writing informally as a vehicle to promote student learning. Examination of the students' brief papers showed that students became less likely to skip theory and go to canned formulas and that they took more responsibil ity for their work. For instructors, the project

Susan Hall; Theresa Tiggeman

1995-01-01

285

Getting the Big Picture: Regulating Knowledge in the Early Childhood Literacy Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the Commonwealth’s drive to enhance Australia’s competitiveness in the global economy, Australia is five years from implementing ‘National Benchmarks’ to leverage measurable literacy outcomes from schools. This ‘back to basics’ agenda is in tension with another drive to foster advanced thinking skills in children. Teachers are being positioned as deskilled technicians on the one hand and model

Barbara Comber; Susan Nichols

2004-01-01

286

Missing the Big Picture: Impaired Development of Global Shape Processing in Autism  

PubMed Central

Individuals with autism exhibit hypersensitivity to local elements of the input, which may interfere with the ability to group visual elements perceptually. We investigated the development of perceptual grouping abilities in high-functioning individuals with autism (HFA) across a wide age range (8–30 years) using a classic compound letter global/ local (GL) task and a more fine-grained microgenetic prime paradigm (MPP), including both few- and many-element hierarchical displays. In the GL task, contrary to the typically developing (TD) controls, HFA participants did not develop an increasing sensitivity to the global information with age. In the MPP, like the TD controls, individuals with autism at all three age groups evinced a bias to individuate the few-element displays. However, contrary to the TD controls, the HFA group failed to show age-related improvements in the ability to encode the global shape of the many-element displays. In fact, across the age range, the HFA group was consistently faster than the TD controls at perceiving the local elements in these displays. These results indicate that in autism the full process of garnering shape information from perceptual grouping, which is essential for the ability to do fast and efficient object recognition and identification, never matures, and this is especially evident in adolescence when this ability begins to improve in TD individuals. The atypical development of these perceptual organizational abilities may disrupt processing of visually presented objects, which may, in turn, fundamentally impede the development of major aspects of the social and emotional behaviors in individuals with autism. PMID:19360658

Scherf, K. Suzanne; Luna, Beatriz; Kimchi, Ruth; Minshew, Nancy; Behrmann, Marlene

2009-01-01

287

Postmarketing safety surveillance : where does signal detection using electronic healthcare records fit into the big picture?  

PubMed

The safety profile of a drug evolves over its lifetime on the market; there are bound to be changes in the circumstances of a drug's clinical use which may give rise to previously unobserved adverse effects, hence necessitating surveillance postmarketing. Postmarketing surveillance has traditionally been carried out by systematic manual review of spontaneous reports of adverse drug reactions. Vast improvements in computing capabilities have provided opportunities to automate signal detection, and several worldwide initiatives are exploring new approaches to facilitate earlier detection, primarily through mining of routinely-collected data from electronic healthcare records (EHR). This paper provides an overview of ongoing initiatives exploring data from EHR for signal detection vis-à-vis established spontaneous reporting systems (SRS). We describe the role SRS has played in regulatory decision making with respect to safety issues, and evaluate the potential added value of EHR-based signal detection systems to the current practice of drug surveillance. Safety signal detection is both an iterative and dynamic process. It is in the best interest of public health to integrate and understand evidence from all possibly relevant information sources on drug safety. Proper evaluation and communication of potential signals identified remains an imperative and should accompany any signal detection activity. PMID:23377696

Coloma, Preciosa M; Trifirò, Gianluca; Patadia, Vaishali; Sturkenboom, Miriam

2013-03-01

288

Detecting Bias in Meta-Analyses of Distance Education Research: Big Pictures We Can Rely On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has two interrelated purposes. The first is to explain how various forms of bias, if introduced during any stage of a meta-analysis, can provide the consumer with a misimpression of the state of a research literature. Five of the most important bias-producing aspects of a meta-analysis are presented and discussed. Second, armed with…

Bernard, Robert M.; Borokhovski, Eugene; Tamim, Rana M.

2014-01-01

289

Thinking Big Picture: Meeting the Needs of Researchers in Northern Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the increase in research activity at Charles Darwin University in recent years, the Library created the position of Research Services Coordinator to meet researcher needs. Eighteen months after the new staff member was in place, an online survey was carried out to gauge the success of the new services and resources provided, and thereby…

Mamtora, Jayshree

2011-01-01

290

Understand the Big Picture So You Can Plan for Network Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses network security for libraries. It indicates that there were only six exploit (security exposure) problems, worldwide, reported to the CERT Coordination Center back in 1988. In that year, the CERT had just been established to provide a clearinghouse for exchanging information about network security problems. By 2003, the…

Cervone, Frank

2005-01-01

291

Primed for Patron-Driven Acquisition: A Look at the Big Picture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of patron-driven acquisition (PDA) as a viable collections practice is encouraging many academic libraries to be proactive about sharing significant collection development responsibilities with their patrons. The adoption of PDA represents a challenge to some long-held understandings about libraries and collections, however, and…

Dahl, Candice

2012-01-01

292

Assessing Risk in Focal Arboviral Infections: Are We Missing the Big or Little Picture?  

PubMed Central

Background Focal arboviral infections affecting a subset of the overall population present an often overlooked set of challenges in the assessment and reporting of risk and the detection of spatial patterns. Our objective was to assess the variation in risk when using different at-risk populations and geographic scales for the calculation of incidence risk and the detection of geographic hot-spots of infection. We explored these variations using a pediatric arbovirus, La Crosse virus (LACV), as our model. Methods and Findings Descriptive and cluster analyses were performed on probable and confirmed cases of LACV infections reported to the Tennessee Department of Health from 1997 to 2006, using three at-risk populations (the total population, the population 18 years and younger, and the population 15 years and younger) and at two geographic levels (county and census tract) to assess the variation in incidence risk and to investigate evidence of clustering using both global and local spatial statistics. We determined that the most appropriate at-risk population to calculate incidence risk and to assess the evidence of clustering was the population 15 years and younger. Based on our findings, the most appropriate geographical level to conduct spatial analyses and report incidence risk is the census tract level. The incidence risk in the population 15 years and younger at the county level ranged from 0 to 226.5 per 100,000 persons (median 41.5) in those counties reporting cases (n?=?14) and at the census tract level it ranged from 50.9 to 673.9 per 100,000 persons (median 126.7) in those census tracts reporting cases (n?=?51). To our knowledge, this is the highest reported incidence risk for this population at the county level for Tennessee and at the census tract level nationally. Conclusion The results of this study indicate the possibility of missing disease clusters resulting from performing incidence risk investigations of focal diseases using inappropriate at-risk populations and/or at large geographic scales. Improved disease surveillance and health planning will result through the use of well defined at-risk populations and the use of appropriate geographic scales for the analysis and reporting of diseases. The finding of a high incidence risk of LACV infections in eastern Tennessee demonstrates that the vast majority of these infections continue to be under-diagnosed and/or underreported in this region. Persistent prevention and surveillance efforts will be required to reduce exposure to infectious vectors and to detect new cases of infection in this region. Application of this study's observations in future investigations will enhance the quantification of incidence risk and the identification of high-risk groups within the population. PMID:19742311

Haddow, Andrew D.; Jones, Carl J.; Odoi, Agricola

2009-01-01

293

Getting Focused without Cropping the Big Picture: The System Office in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the system office for community college institutional research in California. As the system IR office for the largest community college system in the nation, it is often looked to as a leader for other states and community college IR systems. The author notes the office's administrative environment, its staffing and…

Hom, Willard C.

2010-01-01

294

IYA2009 Programs in Canada: The "Big Picture” In June, 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian partnership--Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC), Fédération des astronomes amateurs du Québec (FAAQ) and Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA)--is implementing elements designed to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every Canadian during 2009. Our goals for all themes envision creating long-lasting impacts, especially in the education and inspiration of youth. Wherever possible we seek to leverage and extend existing programs, and we aim to provide materials in both English and French. To make IYA2009 successful, both the RASC and FAAQ have committed significant funds over and above their extensive in-kind contributions of volunteer time. Through The Galileo Moment theme we aim to get more than one million Canadians to look through a telescope, or participate in cultural and outreach events that bring a strong sense of personal astronomical discovery. An Astronomy Kit of physical and virtual components is under development. A partnership led by Cape Breton University faculty proposes extensive participation by Canada's Aboriginal Communities, including a series of activities designed to bring elders and youth together. Reinvigoration of the RASC's long-standing efforts to create Dark Sky Preserves is another cross-cutting theme. Outreach programs of Canada's major Planetaria and Science Centres, a National Astronomy Lecture Series, as well as partnerships with Arts and Cultural Organizations, offer hopes of reaching both traditional and non-traditional audiences in fun, engaging ways. Individual volunteer efforts are emerging to implement From the Earth to the Universe astronomical image exhibits from material developed by both IAU and Canadian curatorial teams in high-traffic locales. Efforts are underway to secure commemorative stamps and coins, with recent encouraging news about the former. The Canadian Space Agency has agreed to launch in 2010 a CD/DVD with names of the Canadians who register their Galileo Moment experience. Fund raising is underway in earnest. See www.astronomy2009.ca for current information.

Hesser, James E.; Lane, D.; Langill, P. P. L.; Percy, J. R.; Canada Committee, IYA

2008-05-01

295

Getting the big picture in community science: methods that capture context.  

PubMed

Community science has a rich tradition of using theories and research designs that are consistent with its core value of contextualism. However, a survey of empirical articles published in the American Journal of Community Psychology shows that community scientists utilize a narrow range of statistical tools that are not well suited to assess contextual data. Multilevel modeling, geographic information systems (GIS), social network analysis, and cluster analysis are recommended as useful tools to address contextual questions in community science. An argument for increased methodological consilience is presented, where community scientists are encouraged to adopt statistical methodology that is capable of modeling a greater proportion of the data than is typical with traditional methods. PMID:15909794

Luke, Douglas A

2005-06-01

296

The Big Picture Research seeks methods to curb unhealthy behaviors among college students  

E-print Network

themselves as having a gambling problem also abused alcohol, and 40 percent of self-help. In his research of gambling problems, he has found that people who the lens of gambling, while Cremeens' work originates with student alcohol abuse

297

Big Data and Ambulatory Care  

PubMed Central

Big data is heralded as having the potential to revolutionize health care by making large amounts of data available to support care delivery, population health, and patient engagement. Critics argue that big data's transformative potential is inhibited by privacy requirements that restrict health information exchange. However, there are a variety of permissible activities involving use and disclosure of patient information that support care delivery and management. This article presents an overview of the legal framework governing health information, dispels misconceptions about privacy regulations, and highlights how ambulatory care providers in particular can maximize the utility of big data to improve care. PMID:25401945

Thorpe, Jane Hyatt; Gray, Elizabeth Alexandra

2015-01-01

298

Homogeneous and isotropic big rips?  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the way big rips are approached in a fully inhomogeneous description of the space-time geometry. If the pressure and energy densities are connected by a (supernegative) barotropic index, the spatial gradients and the anisotropic expansion decay as the big rip is approached. This behavior is contrasted with the usual big-bang singularities. A similar analysis is performed in the case of sudden (quiescent) singularities and it is argued that the spatial gradients may well be non-negligible in the vicinity of pressure singularities.

Giovannini, Massimo [Centro 'Enrico Fermi', Compendio del Viminale, Via Panisperna 89/A, 00184 Rome (Italy); Department of Physics, Theory Division, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2005-10-15

299

Solution of a braneworld big crunch\\/big bang cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background consisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in the collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a detailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the vicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch\\/big bang singularity. We

Paul L. McFadden; Neil Turok; Paul J. Steinhardt

2007-01-01

300

Solution of a Braneworld Big Crunch\\/Big Bang Cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background\\u000aconsisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in\\u000athe collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a\\u000adetailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the\\u000avicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch\\/big bang singularity. We

Paul McFadden; Neil Turok; Paul J. Steinhardt

2007-01-01

301

MPE graphics -- Scalable X11 graphics in MPI  

SciTech Connect

As parallel programs enter the mainstream, they need to provide the same facilities and ease-of-use features expected of uniprocessor programs. For many applications, this means that they need to provide graphical output. This talk discusses a library of routines that provide scalable X Window System graphics. These routines make use of the MPI message-passing standard to provide a safe and reliable system that can be easily used in parallel programs. At the same time they encapsulate commonly-used services to provide a convenient interface to X graphics facilities. The easiest way to provide X11 graphics to a parallel program is to allow each process to draw on the same X11 Window. That is, each process opens a connection to the X11 server and draws directly to it. In one sense, this is as scalable a system as possible, since the single graphics display is an unavoidable point of sequential access. However, in reality, an X server can only accept a relatively small number of connections. In addition, the latency associated with each transmission between a parallel process and the X Window server is relatively high. This talk addresses these issues.

Gropp, W.; Karrels, E.; Lusk, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Science Div.

1994-12-31

302

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Bezier Curves  

E-print Network

CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Bezier Curves CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Bezier Curve CSC6870Bpuc ip CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Bezier Curves (degree n) · Curve: · Control points · Basis functionsB inin i - = - = - CSC6870 Computer Graphics II Properties · End point interpolation. · Basis

Hua, Jing

303

Information Graphic Classification, Decomposition and Alternative Representation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis work is mainly focused on two problems related to improving accessibility of information graphics for visually impaired users. The first problem is automated analysis of information graphics for information extraction and the second problem is multi-modal representations for accessibility. Information graphics are graphical

Gao, Jinglun

2012-01-01

304

Cartooning History: Canada's Stories in Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, historical events, issues, and characters have been portrayed in an increasing number of non-fiction graphic texts. Similar to comics and graphic novels, graphic texts are defined as fully developed, non-fiction narratives told through panels of sequential art. Such non-fiction graphic texts are being used to teach history in…

King, Alyson E.

2012-01-01

305

Antinomies of Semiotics in Graphic Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following paper assesses the roles played by semiotics in graphic design and in graphic design education, which both reflects and shapes practice. It identifies a series of factors; graphic design education methods and culture; semiotic theories themselves and their application to graphic design; the two wings of Peircian semiotics and…

Storkerson, Peter

2010-01-01

306

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section B Java 2D  

E-print Network

GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING Section B ­ Java 2D 20 - Graphics2D: Introduction 21 - Graphics2D: Shapes 22 2D: General Path Curves 29 - Graphics 2D: Constructive Area Geometry Gary Hill December 2003 Java 2 Java initially through the Abstract Window Toolkit, which was extended to include swing, shortly

Hill, Gary

307

Creation and Big Bang Cosmology Hoylesteady-  

E-print Network

/ Creation and Big Bang Cosmology PDFPDF Hoylesteady- state theory William Lane Craig (Big UniversityArizona State University #12; Source: "Creation and Big Bang Cosmology." Philosophia Naturalis 31-232. Ed. Patrick Suppes. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Grünbaum, Adolf. [1990]. "Pseudo-Creation of the Big Bang

Yu, Alex

308

Big Bang: astrophysical fantasy fantastic fact?  

E-print Network

#12;The pillars of the Big-Bang theory 1. The expansion of the Universe Distant objects are receedingBig Bang: astrophysical fantasy or fantastic fact? Andreas Korn Institutionen för astronomi och rymdfysik, Uppsala universitet #12;The evolution of the Cosmos Big Bang Big-Bang nucleosynthesis microwave

Korn, Andreas

309

Big Data book January 18, 2013  

E-print Network

Big Data book lalala January 18, 2013 #12;ii #12;Contents 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data 1 6.1 The Data Access Problem of Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6.2 Ontology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 i #12;ii CONTENTS #12;Chapter 6 Scalable End-user Access to Big Data Martin Giese,1 Diego

Calvanese, Diego

310

Big Bang Darkleosynthesis  

E-print Network

In a popular class of models, dark matter comprises an asymmetric population of composite particles with short range interactions arising from a confined nonabelian gauge group. We show that coupling this sector to a well-motivated light mediator particle yields efficient darkleosynthesis, a dark-sector version of big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), in generic regions of parameter space. Dark matter self-interaction bounds typically require the confinement scale to be above \\Lambda_{QCD}, which generically yields large (>>MeV/dark-nucleon) binding energies. These bounds further suggest the mediator is relatively weakly coupled, so repulsive forces between dark-sector nuclei are much weaker than coulomb repulsion between standard-model nuclei, which results in an exponential barrier-tunneling enhancement over standard BBN. Thus, dark nuclei are easier to make and harder to break than visible species with comparable mass numbers. This process can efficiently yield a dominant population of states with masses significantly greater than the confinement scale and, in contrast to dark matter that is a fundamental particle, may allow the dominant form of dark matter to have high spin > 3/2.

Gordan Krnjaic; Kris Sigurdson

2014-06-04

311

Big Spherules near 'Victoria'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This frame from the microscopic imager on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows spherules up to about 5 millimeters (one-fifth of an inch) in diameter. The camera took this image during the 924th Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's Mars-surface mission (Aug. 30, 2006), when the rover was about 200 meters (650 feet) north of 'Victoria Crater.'

Opportunity discovered spherules like these, nicknamed 'blueberries,' at its landing site in 'Eagle Crater,' and investigations determined them to be iron-rich concretions that formed inside deposits soaked with groundwater. However, such concretions were much smaller or absent at the ground surface along much of the rover's trek of more than 5 kilometers (3 miles) southward to Victoria. The big ones showed up again when Opportunity got to the ring, or annulus, of material excavated and thrown outward by the impact that created Victoria Crater. Researchers hypothesize that some layer beneath the surface in Victoria's vicinity was once soaked with water long enough to form the concretions, that the crater-forming impact dispersed some material from that layer, and that Opportunity might encounter that layer in place if the rover drives down into the crater.

2006-01-01

312

Little Explorers Picture Dictionary With Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This picture dictionary, provided by Enchanted Learning Software, is not only an entertaining children's resource with over 1,000 entries, but also a hidden metasite, allowing children to explore the Internet to learn more about the words they have chosen. Access is via letter of the alphabet. Each entry contains a picture definition and a simple word definition. Many of the entries are also linked to outside sites that further develop the meaning of the word. The dictionary is available with translations into four other languages (although these dictionaries contain only picture definitions and links).

313

Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor  

E-print Network

Big Data AdaptationBig Data Adaptation DatAptorDatAptor Dr Khalil SimaDr Khalil Sima--2019) This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017)This talk: Big Data and DatAptor (Feb 2013 - Feb 2017 ... Statistical LearningLinguistics Machine TranslationMachine Translation #12;BIG DATABIG DATA What Comes to Mind

Sima'an, Khalil

314

Color graphics, interactive processing, and the supercomputer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a common graphics environment for the NASA Langley Research Center user community and the integration of a supercomputer into this environment is examined. The initial computer hardware, the software graphics packages, and their configurations are described. The addition of improved computer graphics capability to the supercomputer, and the utilization of the graphic software and hardware are discussed. Consideration is given to the interactive processing system which supports the computer in an interactive debugging, processing, and graphics environment.

Smith-Taylor, Rudeen

1987-01-01

315

Challenges of Big Data Analysis.  

PubMed

Big Data bring new opportunities to modern society and challenges to data scientists. On one hand, Big Data hold great promises for discovering subtle population patterns and heterogeneities that are not possible with small-scale data. On the other hand, the massive sample size and high dimensionality of Big Data introduce unique computational and statistical challenges, including scalability and storage bottleneck, noise accumulation, spurious correlation, incidental endogeneity, and measurement errors. These challenges are distinguished and require new computational and statistical paradigm. This article gives overviews on the salient features of Big Data and how these features impact on paradigm change on statistical and computational methods as well as computing architectures. We also provide various new perspectives on the Big Data analysis and computation. In particular, we emphasize on the viability of the sparsest solution in high-confidence set and point out that exogeneous assumptions in most statistical methods for Big Data can not be validated due to incidental endogeneity. They can lead to wrong statistical inferences and consequently wrong scientific conclusions. PMID:25419469

Fan, Jianqing; Han, Fang; Liu, Han

2014-06-01

316

Challenges of Big Data Analysis  

PubMed Central

Big Data bring new opportunities to modern society and challenges to data scientists. On one hand, Big Data hold great promises for discovering subtle population patterns and heterogeneities that are not possible with small-scale data. On the other hand, the massive sample size and high dimensionality of Big Data introduce unique computational and statistical challenges, including scalability and storage bottleneck, noise accumulation, spurious correlation, incidental endogeneity, and measurement errors. These challenges are distinguished and require new computational and statistical paradigm. This article gives overviews on the salient features of Big Data and how these features impact on paradigm change on statistical and computational methods as well as computing architectures. We also provide various new perspectives on the Big Data analysis and computation. In particular, we emphasize on the viability of the sparsest solution in high-confidence set and point out that exogeneous assumptions in most statistical methods for Big Data can not be validated due to incidental endogeneity. They can lead to wrong statistical inferences and consequently wrong scientific conclusions. PMID:25419469

Fan, Jianqing; Han, Fang; Liu, Han

2014-01-01

317

Readers' preference for process graphics over outcome graphics accompanying assembly instructions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose that graphics that accompany procedural instructions divide into two categories, namely outcome graphics and process graphics. By using think-aloud protocol, the following questions were asked: 1. Can readers tell the difference between graphical types?; and 2. Do readers prefer one graphical type over another if they are given a choice? With this study we could be able to

D. Michael Sharp

2003-01-01

318

High Energy Astrophysics Picture of the Week  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each week this site provides a new image from X-ray and Gamma ray astronomy. Information is provided about the object and the telescope that took the picture. Previous images are available in an archive.

Corcoran, Michael

2004-07-14

319

Does your ad have too many pictures?  

E-print Network

This paper reports findings from a study that evaluates the effectiveness of longer print advertisements-the advertisements with a low copy-picture ratio (i.e., primarily pictorial advertisements or PPAs). Move specifically, ...

Singh, Surendra N.; Lessig, V. Parker; Kim, Dongwook; Gupta, R.; Hocutt, M. A.

2000-01-01

320

NIH Abroad: Pictures Are Crowd Pullers  

MedlinePLUS

... Pictures Are Crowd Pullers …" Art, culture, and the Internet combine to intervene against malaria in Uganda NLM's ... Services Division collaborated on the project through the Internet. "We wanted to see if such a 'health ...

321

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yes, the Academy Award nominations were announced this week, and yes, the Web site was overwhelmed starting in the wee hours of the morning on Tuesday. For all the hoopla, see the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences site.

322

Remembering Left–Right Orientation of Pictures  

PubMed Central

In a study of recognition memory for pictures, we observed an asymmetry in classifying test items as “same” versus “different” in left–right orientation: Identical copies of previously viewed items were classified more accurately than left–right reversals of those items. Response bias could not explain this asymmetry, and, moreover, correct “same” and “different” classifications were independently manipulable: Whereas repetition of input pictures (one vs. two presentations) affected primarily correct “same” classifications, retention interval (3 hr vs. 1 week) affected primarily correct “different” classifications. In addition, repetition but not retention interval affected judgments that previously seen pictures (both identical and reversed) were “old”. These and additional findings supported a dual-process hypothesis that links “same” classifications to high familiarity, and “different” classifications to conscious sampling of images of previously viewed pictures. PMID:2949051

Bartlett, James C.; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann; Till, Robert E.

2015-01-01

323

32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy...

2014-07-01

324

32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy...

2011-07-01

325

32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy...

2013-07-01

326

32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy...

2010-07-01

327

32 CFR 705.8 - Motion pictures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...assists in the production of commercial, privately financed, nontheatrical motion pictures of institutional or of educational value to the public. They Navy will not: (1) Solicit their production. (2) Provide lists of subjects the Navy...

2012-07-01

328

Relativistic Hydrodynamics on Graphic Cards  

E-print Network

We show how to accelerate relativistic hydrodynamics simulations using graphic cards (graphic processing units, GPUs). These improvements are of highest relevance e.g. to the field of high-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC and LHC where (ideal and dissipative) relativistic hydrodynamics is used to calculate the evolution of hot and dense QCD matter. The results reported here are based on the Sharp And Smooth Transport Algorithm (SHASTA), which is employed in many hydrodynamical models and hybrid simulation packages, e.g. the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics model (UrQMD). We have redesigned the SHASTA using the OpenCL computing framework to work on accelerators like graphic processing units (GPUs) as well as on multi-core processors. With the redesign of the algorithm the hydrodynamic calculations have been accelerated by a factor 160 allowing for event-by-event calculations and better statistics in hybrid calculations.

Jochen Gerhard; Volker Lindenstruth; Marcus Bleicher

2012-06-05

329

Impaired picture recognition in transient epileptic amnesia.  

PubMed

Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is an epileptic syndrome characterized by recurrent, brief episodes of amnesia. Transient epileptic amnesia is often associated with the rapid decline in recall of new information over hours to days (accelerated long-term forgetting - 'ALF'). It remains unknown how recognition memory is affected in TEA over time. Here, we report a systematic study of picture recognition in patients with TEA over the course of one week. Sixteen patients with TEA and 16 matched controls were presented with 300 photos of everyday life scenes. Yes/no picture recognition was tested 5min, 2.5h, 7.5h, 24h, and 1week after picture presentation using a subset of target pictures as well as similar and different foils. Picture recognition was impaired in the patient group at all test times, including the 5-minute test, but it declined normally over the course of 1week. This impairment was associated predominantly with an increased false alarm rate, especially for similar foils. High performance on a control test indicates that this impairment was not associated with perceptual or discrimination deficits. Our findings suggest that, at least in some TEA patients with ALF in verbal recall, picture recognition does not decline more rapidly than in controls over 1week. However, our findings of an early picture recognition deficit suggest that new visual memories are impoverished after minutes in TEA. This could be the result of deficient encoding or impaired early consolidation. The early picture recognition deficit observed could reflect either the early stages of the process that leads to ALF or a separable deficit of anterograde memory in TEA. Lastly, our study suggests that at least some patients with TEA are prone to falsely recognizing new everyday visual information that they have not in fact seen previously. This deficit, alongside their ALF in free recall, likely affects everyday memory performance. PMID:25506793

Dewar, Michaela; Hoefeijzers, Serge; Zeman, Adam; Butler, Christopher; Della Sala, Sergio

2015-01-01

330

Musicality in the Language of Picture Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors of picture books who write especially melodic language are doing more than simply offering up work that is pleasing\\u000a to the ear. They are accessing more of the whole child. In this article five picture books will be discussed for their musical\\u000a attributes: Now One Foot, Now the Other, by Tomie dePaola, The Cat in the Hat, by

Robin Heald

2008-01-01

331

Mesoscale wake clouds in Skylab pictures.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The recognition of cloud patterns formed in the wake of orographic obstacles was investigated using pictures from Skylab, for the purpose of estimating atmospheric motions. The existence of ship-wake-type wave clouds in contrast to vortex sheets were revealed during examination of the pictures, and an attempt was made to characterize the pattern of waves as well as the transition between waves and vortices. Examples of mesoscale cloud patterns which were analyzed photogrammetrically and meteorologically are presented.

Fujita, T. T.; Tecson, J. J.

1974-01-01

332

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

2002-01-01

333

Picture recognition in animals and humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of object–picture recognition has received relatively little attention in both human and comparative psychology; a paradoxical situation given the important use of image technology (e.g. slides, digitised pictures) made by neuroscientists in their experimental investigation of visual cognition. The present review examines the relevant literature pertaining to the question of the correspondence between and\\/or equivalence of real objects

Dalila Bovet; Jacques Vauclair

2000-01-01

334

Crossmodal Interactions during Affective Picture Processing  

PubMed Central

"Natural" crossmodal correspondences, such as the spontaneous tendency to associate high pitches with high spatial locations, are often hypothesized to occur preattentively and independently of task instructions (top-down attention). Here, we investigate bottom-up attentional engagement by using emotional scenes that are known to naturally and reflexively engage attentional resources. We presented emotional (pleasant and unpleasant) or neutral pictures either below or above a fixation cross, while participants were required to discriminate between a high or a low pitch tone (experiment 1). Results showed that despite a robust crossmodal attentional capture of task-irrelevant emotional pictures, the general advantage in classifying the tones for congruent over incongruent visual-auditory stimuli was similar for emotional and neutral pictures. On the other hand, when picture position was task-relevant (experiment 2), task-irrelevant tones did not interact with pictures with regard to their combination of pitch and visual vertical spatial position, but instead they were effective in minimizing the interference effect of emotional picture processing on the ongoing task. These results provide constraints on our current understanding of natural crossmodal correspondences. PMID:24587078

Ferrari, Vera; Mastria, Serena; Bruno, Nicola

2014-01-01

335

Engineering Graphics in Geometric Algebra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We illustrate the suitability of geometric algebra for representing structures and developing algorithms in computer graphics, especially for engineering applications. A number of example applications are reviewed. Geometric algebra unites many underpinning mathematical concepts in computer graphics such as vector algebra and vector fields, quaternions, kinematics and projective geometry, and it easily deals with geometric objects, operations, and transformations. Not only are these properties important for computational engineering, but also for the computational point-of-view they provide. We also include the potential of geometric algebra for optimizations and highly efficient implementations.

Rockwood, Alyn; Hildenbrand, Dietmar

336

GUI2QAD-3D: A graphical interface program for QAD-CGPIC program  

Microsoft Academic Search

GUI2QAD-3D is graphical user interface developed in Visual Basic (VB) version 6.0 to prepare input for the QAD-CGPIC program. QAD-CGPIC is a FORTRAN code that combines QAD-CGGP (RSICC-CCC-493, USA) and PICTURE [Irving, D.C., Morrison, G.W., 1970. PICTURE—an aid in debugging GEOM input data, ORNL-TM-2892] for neutron and gamma-ray shielding calculations by the point kernel method in a consistent fashion to

K. V. Subbaiah; R. Sarangapani

2006-01-01

337

Big Bang-Big Crunch optimization algorithm to solve the course timetabling problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we present the Big Bang-Big Crunch (BB-BC) method to solve the post-enrolment course timetabling problem. This method is derived from one of the evolution of the universe theories in physics and astronomy. The BB-BC theory involves two phases (Big Bang and Big Crunch). The Big Bang phase feeds the Big Crunch phase with many inputs and the

Ghaith M. Jaradat; Masri Ayob

2010-01-01

338

Consideration of vision and picture quality: psychological effects induced by picture sharpness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A psychological hierarchy model of human vision(1)(2) suggests that the visual signals are processed in a serial manner from lower to higher stages: that is "sensation" - "perception" - "emotion." For designing a future television system, it is important to find out what kinds of physical factors affect the "emotion" experienced by an observer in front of the display. This paper describes the psychological effects induced by the sharpness of the picture. The subjective picture quality was evaluated for the same pictures with five different levels of sharpness. The experiment was performed on two kinds of printed pictures: (A) a woman's face, and (B) a town corner. From these experiments, it was found that the amount of high-frequency peaking (physical value of the sharpness) which psychologically gives the best picture quality, differs between pictures (A) and (B). That is, the optimum picture sharpness differs depending on the picture content. From these results, we have concluded that the psychophysical sharpness of the picture is not only determined at the stage of "perception" (e.g., resolution or signal to noise ratio, which everyone can judge immediately), but also at the stage of "emotion" (e.g., sensation of reality or beauty).

Kusaka, Hideo

1989-08-01

339

The Titan Graphics Supercomputer Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design criteria for the Titan are outlined, and the hardware, architecture, and implementation developed to meet them are examined. The key architectural elements in Titan are described, and the reasoning behind their selection is presented. Titan's processor subsystem is explored, focusing on how it reduces the cost and complexity of graphics-specific hardware. The design constraints and implementation of the

Tom Diede; Carl F. Hagenmaier; Glen S. Miranker; Jonathan J. Rubinstein; William S. Worley Jr.

1988-01-01

340

Advanced Computer Graphics 11 -Tessellation  

E-print Network

/09/06/a-trip-through-the-graphics-pipeline-2011-part-12/ OL0 = 1 OL1 = 2 OL2 = 3 OL3 = 4 OL0 = 1 OL1 = 2 OL2 = 3 IL1 = 2IL0 = 1 IL0 = 1 CSc 155 Lecture Notes 11 - Tessellation Simple Tessellation Control

Gordon, Scott

341

Graphic Novels in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today many authors and artists adapt works of classic literature into a medium more "user friendly" to the increasingly visual student population. Stefan Petrucha and Kody Chamberlain's version of "Beowulf" is one example. The graphic novel captures the entire epic in arresting images and contrasts the darkness of the setting and characters with…

Martin, Adam

2009-01-01

342

Recorded Music and Graphic Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of art as an element of music-recording packaging. Describes a project in which students design a jacket for either cassette or CD using a combination of computerized and traditional rendering techniques. Reports that students have been inspired to look into careers in graphic design. (DSK)

Osterer, Irv

1998-01-01

343

GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES  

E-print Network

Chapter 14 GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FINGERPRINT IMAGES Jie Zhou1 , David Zhang2 , Jinwei Gu1@comp.polyu.edu.hk; gujinwei98@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn; wunannan99@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn Abstract Fingerprint recognition is very important in automatic personal identification. In conventional fingerprint recognition algorithms

Gu, Jinwei

344

Graphical Models MLSS 2010, Canberra  

E-print Network

, H ,P: GMs can represent P(B,F,A,H,P) compactly Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal) with edges (note: graphical b/c graph properties CI) Bubonic Plague Stomach Flu Severe Headache Abdominal=false ­ Want to know probability of B given evidence · Answer: evaluate P(B | H=true, P=false) Bubonic Plague

Sanner, Scott

345

Astronomy Simulation with Computer Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Planetary Motion Simulations" is a system of programs designed for students to observe motions of a superior planet (one whose orbit lies outside the orbit of the earth). Programs run on the Apple II microcomputer and employ high-resolution graphics to present the motions of Saturn. (Author/JN)

Thomas, William E.

1982-01-01

346

NPR: Art Enhancing Computer Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonphotorealistic rendering is a field in computer science in which scientists apply artistic techniques to enhance computer graphics. This paper addresses the interrogatives what, how, and why, about NPR. The discussion expands on what NPR is and what kinds of projects are being done in NPR, specifically it focuses on three issues: two large problems in NPR, simulating pen-and-ink illustration

Laura G. Tateosian; Christopher G. Healey

347

Feasibilitystudy: Transfer ISACs Graphical Userinterface  

E-print Network

Feasibilitystudy: Transfer ISACs Graphical Userinterface To Web2.0 Technology Wolfgang Kandlbauer to web2.0 I compared some different technologies. During my work I sorted out which of these are more . . . . . . . 11 3 Transfer to Web2.0 13 3.1 Survey on relevant Web2.0 technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

348

Teaching graphics in technical communication classes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graphic aids convey and clarify information more efficiently and accurately than words alone therefore, most technical writing includes the use of graphics. Ways of accumulating and presenting graphics illustrations on a shoestring budget are suggested. These include collecting graphics from companies, annual reports and laminating them for workshop use or putting them on a flip chart for classroom presentation, creating overhead transparencies to demonstrate different levels of effectiveness of graphic aids, and bringing in grahic artists for question/answer periods or in class workshops. Also included are an extensive handout as an introduction to graphics, sample assignments, and a selected and annotated bibliography.

Spurgeon, K. C.

1981-01-01

349

Dual of Big-bang and Big-crunch  

E-print Network

Starting from the Janus solution and its gauge theory dual, we obtain the dual gauge theory description of the cosmological solution by procedure of the double anaytic continuation. The coupling is driven either to zero or to infinity at the big-bang and big-crunch singularities, which are shown to be related by the S-duality symmetry. In the dual Yang-Mills theory description, these are non singular at all as the coupling goes to zero in the N=4 Super Yang-Mills theory. The cosmological singularities simply signal the failure of the supergravity description of the full type IIB superstring theory.

Dongsu Bak

2006-11-28

350

WMAP: Baby Picture of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

View the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) image from NASA to see the first detailed map of the oldest light in the universe, from 379,000 years after the Big Bang, over 13 billion years ago. A second image offers a visual timeline to put the WMAP image in perspective.

2005-12-17

351

Approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models  

E-print Network

The focus of this thesis is approximate inference in Gaussian graphical models. A graphical model is a family of probability distributions in which the structure of interactions among the random variables is captured by a ...

Malioutov, Dmitry M., 1981-

2008-01-01

352

Extending expectation propagation for graphical models  

E-print Network

Graphical models have been widely used in many applications, ranging from human behavior recognition to wireless signal detection. However, efficient inference and learning techniques for graphical models are needed to ...

Qi, Yuan, 1974-

2005-01-01

353

Little Science to Big Science: Big Scientists to Little Scientists?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Hisham B. Ghassib's essay entitled "Where Does Creativity Fit into a Productivist Industrial Model of Knowledge Production?" Professor Ghassib's (2010) essay presents a provocative portrait of how the little science of the Babylonians, Greeks, and Arabs became the Big Science of the modern industrial…

Simonton, Dean Keith

2010-01-01

354

Page 1 of 8 Pictures In Your Thesis  

E-print Network

. A vector graphic is a set of instructions to draw lines, curves, and lettering. The advantage of vector. It is designed to give you a quick orientation rather than lots of technical detail. Kinds of graphics A raster (bitmap) graphic is an array of pixels. Common file formats are TIFF, PNG, and JPEG. Raster graphics come

Covington, Michael A.

355

The Role of Pictures in Picture Books on Children's Cognitive Engagement with Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the cognitive activity that is evoked in young children when they are read a picture book that is written for the purpose of teaching mathematics. The focus of this study is to explore the effects of pictures on children's spontaneous mathematical cognitive engagement. The study is based on the assumption that the…

Elia, Iliada; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja; Georgiou, Alexia

2010-01-01

356

Get the Picture? The Effects of Iconicity on Toddlers' Reenactment from Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do toddlers learn from everyday picture-book reading interactions? To date, there has been scant research exploring this question. In this study, the authors adapted a standard imitation procedure to examine 18- to 30-month-olds' ability to learn how to reenact a novel action sequence from a picture book. The results provide evidence that…

Simcock, Gabrielle; DeLoache, Judy

2006-01-01

357

Picture or Text First? Explaining Sequence Effects When Learning with Pictures and Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article reviews 42 studies investigating the role of sequencing of text and pictures for learning outcomes. Whereas several of the reviewed studies revealed better learning outcomes from presenting the picture before the text rather than after it, other studies demonstrated the opposite effect. Against the backdrop of theories on…

Eitel, Alexander; Scheiter, Katharina

2015-01-01

358

General data base driven graphic animation system  

SciTech Connect

Most attempts at the graphic animation of data involve rather large and expensive development of problem-specific systems. This paper discusses a general graphics animation system designed to be a tool for the development of a wide variety of animated simulations. By incorporating device-independent graphics procedures and using relational database storage of graphics and control information, considerable flexibility in the design and development of animated displays is achieved. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Not Available

1986-01-01

359

Progress in Doppler picture velocimetry (DPV)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The special wide-field Michelson interferometer designed at ISL transforms the Doppler frequency shift of light scattered by tracer particles crossing a light sheet into a shift of luminous intensity at the output of the Michelson interferometer, yielding information about the particle velocity. To overcome former disadvantages, the optical set-up as well as the Doppler picture-processing algorithm were further improved. The present status of Doppler picture velocimetry (DPV) is explained by means of measurements carried out at Mach 6 in the ISL shock tunnel STA. The vertical velocity distribution around several bodies, such as a wedge, a sphere and a cylinder was visualized and measured.

Seiler, F.; George, A.; Srulijes, J.; Havermann, M.

2008-03-01

360

Ubiquitous picture-rich content representation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The amount of digital images taken by the average consumer is consistently increasing. People enjoy the convenience of storing and sharing their pictures through online (digital) and offline (traditional) media. A set of pictures can be uploaded to: online photo services, web blogs and social network websites. Alternatively, these images can be used to generate: prints, cards, photo books or other photo products. Through uploading and sharing, images are easily transferred from one format to another. And often, a different set of associated content (text, tags) is created across formats. For example, on his web blog, a user may journal his experiences of his recent travel; on his social network website, his friends tag and comment on the pictures; in his online photo album, some pictures are titled and keyword-tagged. When the user wants to tell a complete story, perhaps in a photo book, he must collect, across all formats: the pictures, writings and comments, etc. and organize them in a book format. The user has to arrange the content of his trip in each format. The arrangement, the associations between the images, tags, keywords and text, cannot be shared with other formats. In this paper, we propose a system that allows the content to be easily created and shared across various digital media formats. We define a uniformed data association structure to connect: images, documents, comments, tags, keywords and other data. This content structure allows the user to switch representation formats without reediting. The framework under each format can emphasize (display or hide) content elements based on preference. For example, a slide show view will emphasize the display of pictures with limited text; a blog view will display highlighted images and journal text; and the photo book will try to fit in all images and text content. In this paper, we will discuss the strategy to associate pictures with text content, so that it can naturally tell a story. We will also list sample solutions on different formats such as: picture view, blog view and photo book view.

Wang, Wiley; Dean, Jennifer; Muzzolini, Russ

2010-02-01

361

[The changing picture of practicing dentistry].  

PubMed

Originally, dentists were particularly technical and curative practitioners. Nowadays, patient care is brought into focus, directed at maintaining oral health permanently by prevention and necessary curative treatments as a contribution to general health and well-being. The changing picture of praccising does not develop as a matter-of-course since many factors have an effect on dental practice. Effecting factors are: content concerning developments, technological advancements, legislation, government policies, organizational aspects, and typical characteristics of dental practitioners. The changing picture of practising dentistry is connected with uncertainty, proves to be hard to control, and some adjustments occur around practising. PMID:16566400

Hokwerda, O

2006-03-01

362

1.OA Fact Families with Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Write as many equations for each picture as you can. Use the numbers 4, 1, and 5. Here are some equations for this picture. 4+1=5 \\hskip4em 5 = 4+1 5-1...

363

Automated Selection Of Pictures In Sequences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Method of automated selection of film or video motion-picture frames for storage or examination developed. Beneficial in situations in which quantity of visual information available exceeds amount stored or examined by humans in reasonable amount of time, and/or necessary to reduce large number of motion-picture frames to few conveying significantly different information in manner intermediate between movie and comic book or storyboard. For example, computerized vision system monitoring industrial process programmed to sound alarm when changes in scene exceed normal limits.

Rorvig, Mark E.; Shelton, Robert O.

1995-01-01

364

Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities  

E-print Network

This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

Zarate Santovena, Alejandro

2013-01-01

365

1Computer Graphics 15-462 Announcements  

E-print Network

Enable(GL_TEXTURE_GEN_S); glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_GEN_T); · What are the advantages/disadvantages of each method? [Demo] #121Computer Graphics 15-462 Announcements Written Assignment 2 is due 3/8 #12;2Computer Graphics 15 Displacement Mapping Environment Mapping Procedural Textures COMPUTER GRAPHICS 15-462 03/06/07 Shirley Chapter

Treuille, Adrien

366

Graphic Organizers Compiling Information and Analyzing Ideas  

E-print Network

Graphic Organizers Compiling Information and Analyzing Ideas What are they? Graphic organizers of information than to just read (and re-read) your notes and texts For organizing information: graphic organizers are visual depictions of highlighted connections between existing knowledge and new knowledge

Kasman, Alex

367

Ray tracing on programmable graphics hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently a breakthrough has occurred in graphics hardware: fixed function pipelines have been replaced with programmable vertex and fragment processors. In the near future, the graphics pipeline is likely to evolve into a general programmable stream processor capable of more than simply feed-forward triangle rendering.In this paper, we evaluate these trends in programmability of the graphics pipeline and explain how

Timothy J. Purcell; Ian Buck; William R. Mark; Pat Hanrahan

2002-01-01

368

Xlans ---A Graphical Display Communication Protocols  

E-print Network

November 11, 1992 #12; 1 Introduction Xlans is a graphical tool for analysis of communication protocolsXlans --- A Graphical Display for Communication Protocols Idit Keidar High Availability Lab protocols. The graphical interface of Xlans is based on a tool developed at University of California, Santa

Keidar, Idit

369

Vignettes of Sweden's Computer Graphics History  

E-print Network

Vignettes of Sweden's Computer Graphics History Thomas Larsson Ma¨lardalen University, Sweden Ulf Stenlund This article recounts selected historical events in the computer graphics field in Sweden, ranging early achievements in Sweden related to the rapid development of computer graphics. Table 1 lists

Larsson, Thomas

370

Mathematical Creative Activity and the Graphic Calculator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching mathematics using graphic calculators has been an issue of didactic discussions for years. Finding ways in which graphic calculators can enrich the development process of creative activity in mathematically gifted students between the ages of 16-17 is the focus of this article. Research was conducted using graphic calculators with…

Duda, Janina

2011-01-01

371

Graphic Design Is Not a Medium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses graphic design and reviews its development from analog processes to a digital tool with the use of computers. Topics include graphical user interfaces; the need for visual communication concepts; transmedia as opposed to repurposing; and graphic design instruction in higher education. (LRW)

Gruber, John Edward, Jr.

2001-01-01

372

M theory model of a big crunch/big bang transition  

SciTech Connect

We consider a picture in which the transition from a big crunch to a big bang corresponds to the collision of two empty orbifold planes approaching each other at a constant nonrelativistic speed in a locally flat background space-time, a situation relevant to recently proposed cosmological models. We show that p-brane states which wind around the extra dimension propagate smoothly and unambiguously across the orbifold plane collision. In particular we calculate the quantum mechanical production of winding M2-branes extending from one orbifold to the other. We find that the resulting density is finite and that the resulting gravitational backreaction is small. These winding states, which include the string theory graviton, can be propagated smoothly across the transition using a perturbative expansion in the membrane tension, an expansion which from the point of view of string theory is an expansion in inverse powers of {alpha}{sup '}. The conventional description of a crunch based on Einstein general relativity, involving Kasner or mixmaster behavior is misleading, we argue, because general relativity is only the leading order approximation to string theory in an expansion in positive powers of {alpha}{sup '}. In contrast, in the M theory setup we argue that interactions should be well behaved because of the smooth evolution of the fields combined with the fact that the string coupling tends to zero at the crunch. The production of massive Kaluza-Klein states should also be exponentially suppressed for small collision speeds. We contrast this good behavior with that found in previous studies of strings in Lorentzian orbifolds.

Turok, Neil; Perry, Malcolm [DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Steinhardt, Paul J. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Institute for Advanced Studies, Olden Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)

2004-11-15

373

Polygon Pictures in QuarkXPress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity where students draw and fill simple and complex shapes by utilizing the polygon tool in QuarkXPress to create graphics. Explains that this activity enables students to learn how to use a variety of functions in the QuarkXPress program. (CMK)

Osterer, Irv

1999-01-01

374

Representing Learning With Graphical Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Probabilistic graphical models are being used widely in artificial intelligence, for instance, in diagnosis and expert systems, as a unified qualitative and quantitative framework for representing and reasoning with probabilities and independencies. Their development and use spans several fields including artificial intelligence, decision theory and statistics, and provides an important bridge between these communities. This paper shows by way of example that these models can be extended to machine learning, neural networks and knowledge discovery by representing the notion of a sample on the graphical model. Not only does this allow a flexible variety of learning problems to be represented, it also provides the means for representing the goal of learning and opens the way for the automatic development of learning algorithms from specifications.

Buntine, Wray L.; Lum, Henry, Jr. (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

375

Image reproduction with interactive graphics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software application or development in optical image digital data processing requires a fast, good quality, yet inexpensive hard copy of processed images. To achieve this, a Cambo camera with an f 2.8/150-mm Xenotar lens in a Copal shutter having a Graflok back for 4 x 5 Polaroid type 57 pack-film has been interfaced to an existing Adage, AGT-30/Electro-Mechanical Research, EMR 6050 graphic computer system. Time-lapse photography in conjunction with a log to linear voltage transformation has resulted in an interactive system capable of producing a hard copy in 54 sec. The interactive aspect of the system lies in a Tektronix 4002 graphic computer terminal and its associated hard copy unit.

Buckner, J. D.; Council, H. W.; Edwards, T. R.

1974-01-01

376

A Graphical Chunk Production Model: Evaluation Using Graphical Protocol Analysis With Artificial Sentences  

E-print Network

A Graphical Chunk Production Model: Evaluation Using Graphical Protocol Analysis With Artificial. Keywords: chunks, model of chunk production, graphical protocol analysis, drawing, writing. Introduction Abstract A model of the processes involved in the graphical production of chunks form memory is proposed

Cheng, Peter

377

How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations)  

E-print Network

How to Lie with Big Data (and/or big computations) Philip B. Stark Department of Statistics experimental design doesn't matter #12;What's new in Big Data? · design still matters; experiments versus flu trends http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/ google-flu-trends-the-limits-of-big-data/ #12

Stark, Philip B.

378

Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science?  

E-print Network

Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science University choudhar@eecs.northwestern.edu Founder and President Voxsup Inc: A Big Data Science Company +1 312 515 2562 alok@voxsupinc.com ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS #12;Big Data ...Popular View.. Streaming.. 2© Alok

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

379

Physics in Action: Big 'G'  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site tells of the history and the difficulty encountered when trying to measure the gravitational constant known as G. The site gives details into experimental setups for obtaining the value of Big G as well as further links to experiments current and past.

Central, Physics

2004-04-08

380

Industrialization and the Big Push  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores Rosenstein-Rodan's idea that simultaneous In- dustrialization ol many sectors of the economy can be profitable for them all even when no sector can break even industrialking alone. We analy~e this idea in the context of an imperfectly competitive economy with aggregate demand spillovers and interpret the big push into industrialization as a move from a bad lo

Kevin M. Murphy; Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

1989-01-01

381

Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from  

E-print Network

Jobs & Dollars BIG RETURNS from coastal habitat restoration America's coasts are vital to our-90% of the recreational fish catch. Restoring our coasts can create more than 30 jobs for each million dollars invested. That's more than twice as many jobs as the oil and gas and road construction industries combined

382

Big bang theory under fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The very old big bang (BB) problems (of the singularity, smoothness, horizon, and flatness) and the failed solutions of inflation theory; newer BB problems relating to missing mass (as required for a flat inflationary universe), the age of the universe, radiation from the \\

W. C. Mitchell

1997-01-01

383

Big boost in UC Scholarships  

E-print Network

Big boost in UC Scholarships For students studying Science and Engineering at the University of Canterbury in 2012. Find out more at www.canterbury.ac.nz/scholarships or phone 0800 VARSITY (0800 827 748 have excelled in Science and Maths subjects while at school. That's why we've increased our scholarship

Hickman, Mark

384

The Case for "Big History."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges an approach to the teaching of history that takes the largest possible perspective, crossing time as well as space. Discusses the problems and advantages of such an approach. Describes a course on "big" history that begins with time, creation myths, and astronomy, and moves on to paleontology and evolution. (DK)

Christian, David

1991-01-01

385

1976 Big Thompson flood, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the early evening of July 31, 1976, a large stationary thunderstorm released as much as 7.5 inches of rainfall in about an hour (about 12 inches in a few hours) in the upper reaches of the Big Thompson River drainage. This large amount of rainfall in such a short period of time produced a flash flood that caught residents and tourists by surprise. The immense volume of water that churned down the narrow Big Thompson Canyon scoured the river channel and destroyed everything in its path, including 418 homes, 52 businesses, numerous bridges, paved and unpaved roads, power and telephone lines, and many other structures. The tragedy claimed the lives of 144 people. Scores of other people narrowly escaped with their lives. The Big Thompson flood ranks among the deadliest of Colorado's recorded floods. It is one of several destructive floods in the United States that has shown the necessity of conducting research to determine the causes and effects of floods. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducts research and operates a Nationwide streamgage network to help understand and predict the magnitude and likelihood of large streamflow events such as the Big Thompson Flood. Such research and streamgage information are part of an ongoing USGS effort to reduce flood hazards and to increase public awareness.

Jarrett, R. D., (compiler); Vandas, S.J.

2006-01-01

386

Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF  

ScienceCinema

The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

None

2015-01-07

387

CRITICAL QUESTIONS FOR BIG DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about people, things, and their interactions. Diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing genetic sequences, social media interactions, health records, phone logs, government records,

danah boyd; Kate Crawford

2012-01-01

388

Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF  

SciTech Connect

The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

None

2014-10-31

389

Learning Graphical Models With Hubs  

PubMed Central

We consider the problem of learning a high-dimensional graphical model in which there are a few hub nodes that are densely-connected to many other nodes. Many authors have studied the use of an ?1 penalty in order to learn a sparse graph in the high-dimensional setting. However, the ?1 penalty implicitly assumes that each edge is equally likely and independent of all other edges. We propose a general framework to accommodate more realistic networks with hub nodes, using a convex formulation that involves a row-column overlap norm penalty. We apply this general framework to three widely-used probabilistic graphical models: the Gaussian graphical model, the covariance graph model, and the binary Ising model. An alternating direction method of multipliers algorithm is used to solve the corresponding convex optimization problems. On synthetic data, we demonstrate that our proposed framework outperforms competitors that do not explicitly model hub nodes. We illustrate our proposal on a webpage data set and a gene expression data set.

Tan, Kean Ming; London, Palma; Mohan, Karthik; Lee, Su-In; Fazel, Maryam; Witten, Daniela

2014-01-01

390

Graphical Language for Data Processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A graphical language for processing data allows processing elements to be connected with virtual wires that represent data flows between processing modules. The processing of complex data, such as lidar data, requires many different algorithms to be applied. The purpose of this innovation is to automate the processing of complex data, such as LIDAR, without the need for complex scripting and programming languages. The system consists of a set of user-interface components that allow the user to drag and drop various algorithmic and processing components onto a process graph. By working graphically, the user can completely visualize the process flow and create complex diagrams. This innovation supports the nesting of graphs, such that a graph can be included in another graph as a single step for processing. In addition to the user interface components, the system includes a set of .NET classes that represent the graph internally. These classes provide the internal system representation of the graphical user interface. The system includes a graph execution component that reads the internal representation of the graph (as described above) and executes that graph. The execution of the graph follows the interpreted model of execution in that each node is traversed and executed from the original internal representation. In addition, there are components that allow external code elements, such as algorithms, to be easily integrated into the system, thus making the system infinitely expandable.

Alphonso, Keith

2011-01-01

391

Gaussian Processes for Big Data James Hensman  

E-print Network

Gaussian Processes for Big Data James Hensman joint work with Nicol´o Fusi, Neil D. Lawrence #12 Data In parametric models, stochastic optimisation is used. This allows for application to Big Data the following demands: Complexity: O(nm2) Storage: O(nm) where we get to pick m! #12;Still not good enough! Big

Diggle, Peter J.

392

"Big data" workshop Digital Reading Network  

E-print Network

"Big data" workshop Digital Reading Network 6th March 2014, Sheffield Andrew Salway, Uni Research, Bergen Daniel Allington, The Open University #12;Overview · What does big data mean (for social science reading? #12;What does "big data" mean? (for social science and humanistic research) #12;Daniel

Bradstock, Burton

393

Judging Big Deals: Challenges, Outcomes, and Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of an analysis of five Big Deal electronic journal packages to which Hofstra University's Axinn Library subscribes. COUNTER usage reports were used to judge the value of each Big Deal. Limitations of usage statistics are also discussed. In the end, the author concludes that four of the five Big Deals are good…

Glasser, Sarah

2013-01-01

394

Presented by How Big Data Can Optimize  

E-print Network

Presented by How Big Data Can Optimize Transit Operations Wade Rosado, Director, Analytics Phil Silver, Director, Business Development October 24, 2014 #12;It's time for Big Data in public transit! #12;What predictive analytics can do ... Urban Insights Predictive Analytics Overview Big Data

Illinois at Chicago, University of

395

tamine@openu.ac.il Big Data-  

E-print Network

2013, -,8.5.13 , tamine@openu.ac.il #12;Big Data- -data science #12;http://jeffhurtblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/3VsBigData.jpg When volume, velocity and variety of data exceed an organization's storage; , , " " ­ "" " " ,"" #12; ­ . . - Coursera­SNA,Data Science ,", IBM,SAS, -#big data, #bdw13, #smartdata #12;

Shamir, Ron

396

Strategy Shifts during Learning from Texts and Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading for learning frequently requires integrating text and picture information into coherent knowledge structures. This article presents an experimental study aimed at analyzing the strategies used by students for integrating text and picture information. Four combinations of texts and pictures (text-picture units) were selected from textbooks…

Schnotz, Wolfgang; Ludewig, Ulrich; Ullrich, Mark; Horz, Holger; McElvany, Nele; Baumert, Jürgen

2014-01-01

397

A Research-Based Guide to Using Pictures Effectively.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for selecting and using pictures to guide instructional decisions and behaviors are based on three areas of research: role of pictures and how they improve learning, how context or environment in which pictures operate can influence usefulness, and how physical and perceptual characteristics of pictures affect their function. (MBR)

Brody, Philip J.

1984-01-01

398

Attentional Interference Effects of Emotional Pictures: Threat, Negativity, or Arousal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attentional interference arising from emotional pictures was examined. Participants had to ignore emotional pictures while solving math problems (Study 1, N = 126) or detecting the location of a line (Study 2, N = 60). Data analyses tested predictions of 3 theories. Evolutionary threat theory predicts interference by snake pictures. Categorical negativity theory predicts interference by negative pictures regardless of

Ulrich Schimmack

2005-01-01

399

Big Data - Smart Health Strategies  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To select best papers published in 2013 in the field of big data and smart health strategies, and summarize outstanding research efforts. Methods A systematic search was performed using two major bibliographic databases for relevant journal papers. The references obtained were reviewed in a two-stage process, starting with a blinded review performed by the two section editors, and followed by a peer review process operated by external reviewers recognized as experts in the field. Results The complete review process selected four best papers, illustrating various aspects of the special theme, among them: (a) using large volumes of unstructured data and, specifically, clinical notes from Electronic Health Records (EHRs) for pharmacovigilance; (b) knowledge discovery via querying large volumes of complex (both structured and unstructured) biological data using big data technologies and relevant tools; (c) methodologies for applying cloud computing and big data technologies in the field of genomics, and (d) system architectures enabling high-performance access to and processing of large datasets extracted from EHRs. Conclusions The potential of big data in biomedicine has been pinpointed in various viewpoint papers and editorials. The review of current scientific literature illustrated a variety of interesting methods and applications in the field, but still the promises exceed the current outcomes. As we are getting closer towards a solid foundation with respect to common understanding of relevant concepts and technical aspects, and the use of standardized technologies and tools, we can anticipate to reach the potential that big data offer for personalized medicine and smart health strategies in the near future. PMID:25123721

2014-01-01

400

Track Picture Book. Elementary Science Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This picture book was designed to be used with an Elementary Science Study unit that provides opportunities for students in grades 4-6 to study animal tracks. Shown within this book are numerous examples of tracks, including those of tires, human beings, animal tracks, and others in various media, such as snow, sand, mud, dust, and cement. (CS)

Webster, David; And Others

401

Teaching Students with Autism to Read Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the use of teaching three students with autism how to comprehend pictures. Students were elementary-aged, did not speak, and needed communication training. Students were provided systematic visual literacy instruction. Visual literacy instruction consisted of comprehending familiar people, objects, actions, and sequences…

Cihak, David F.

2007-01-01

402

A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The old adage that a picture is worth a thousand words also holds true in cell biology. Much of the knowledge that we have of the structures and functions of cells has been acquired by biologists peering through the eyepieces of microscopes. The point of this lesson is to provide an opportunity for students to observe cell biological data while…

Ribisi, Stephen, Jr.; Yu, Kristina; Lambertson, Lori

2007-01-01

403

Many Ways to Picture a Cell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some innovations in the images of cells and molecules that keep changing for new techniques and as a result of using new approaches to old methods are explored and new ways of illustrating cell and molecular structures are discussed. The three elements that play an important role in any biological image are aesthetic factors such as picture style…

Flannery, Maura C.

2005-01-01

404

Watersheds of functions and picture segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The watersheds of a function are geometric features which are very useful in picture segmentation. We briefly and intuitively define the notion of watersheds, and we state that this transformation can be performed starting from the skeleton of the function. This skeleton is a particular case of a general morphological transformation called Thinning. Two examples of use of the watersheds

S. Beucher

1982-01-01

405

Perturbative Implementation of the Furry Picture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the block-diagonalization of Dirac-operators was investigated from a mathematical point of view in the one-particle case [14]. We extend this result to the N-particle case. This leads to a perturbative realization of the Furry picture in the N-particle two-spinor space.

Huber, Matthias; Stockmeyer, Edgardo

2007-01-01

406

Perturbative Implementation of the Furry Picture  

E-print Network

Recently the block-diagonalization of Dirac-operators was investigated from a mathematical point of view in the one-particle case. We extend this result to the $N$-particle case. This leads to a perturbative realization of the Furry picture in the $N$-particle two-spinor space.

M. Huber; E. Stockmeyer

2006-07-07

407

Aesthetics and Children's Picture-Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some writers on children's picture-books seem to believe that comfort and reassurance are their most important goals. Yet these books may also provide a context for imaginative adventure, and even for a journey into the dark night of the soul. As Nietzsche would put it, there is a Dionysian as well as an Apollonian element in children's…

Leddy, Thomas

2002-01-01

408

``The Oldest Picture in the World''  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN Mr. Loftie's ``Ride in Egypt'' is a woodcut (p. 209) of what is called ``the oldest picture in the world,'' a fresco from a tomb at Maydoom, now in the museum at Boolak, wherein are represented six ``pasturing geese.'' Two of these are undoubtedly Anser albifrons, two, probably A. ferus or A. segetum, and the other two seem to

Alfred Newton

1881-01-01

409

Author! Author! Picture Artist: Stephen Gammell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column presents a brief biography of illustrator Stephen Gammell, well-known for both his black-and-white and his brightly colored children's picture book art. Stephen Gammell has made a long career illustrating children's stories and poems. The first book he illustrated, "A Nutty Business" (written by Ida Chittum), was published in 1973 and…

Brodie, Carolyn S.

2005-01-01

410

Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the archive for the NASA (National Aeronautic Space Administration) Astronomy Picture of the Day. Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. The archive has photos listed by the day they were featured, by topic, or available through a text search.

411

Oil ouput, surcharges cloud fuel price picture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The addition of individual surcharges on top of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) planned nine percent price increase, along with uncertain production levels, have made it difficult for oil users to get a clear picture of what to expect. Some crude oil prices could reach $20 a barrel by October, but much will depend on how OPEC members

Ruth

1979-01-01

412

Art Guide: Let's Make a Picture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for art education at the elementary through upper grade levels provide guidance and encouragement for students without excessive correction and evaluation procedures on the part of teachers. Elements of a picture and general approaches to teaching art emphasize creative and imaginative expression and skill development. The main body of…

Bowerfind, Ibby Hallam; And Others

413

User Experience | Security | Advertising Picture CAPTCHA  

E-print Network

User Experience | Security | Advertising Picture CAPTCHA #12;Context: CAPTCHAs · A test-ups, contact forms, ecommerce sites, etc. #12;Where do you see CAPTCHAs? · Comments on Blogs · Contact Forms: Usability · CAPTCHAs are an awful experience (frustrating & annoying), this is worsened on mobile devices

Militzer, Burkhard

414

The Value of English Picture Story Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a study investigating EFL teachers' views on the educational values of English picture story books in Taiwan. Ten teachers with experience of using the books with primary school children participated in this study. The results suggest three main educational values perceived by the teachers: (1) linguistic value, (2) the value…

Hsiu-Chih, Sheu

2008-01-01

415

Water Science for Schools: Water Science Pictures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site uses a picture of a covered swimming pool as an example of a watershed and describes real-world watersheds and their processes, including precipitation, infiltration, evaporation, transpiration, and storage. Links to an interactive rainfall calculator and to related websites are included.

416

Thinking in Pictures. CAP Job Function.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Job Function Booklet (Thinking in Pictures) is one of the 14 components (see note) of the Career Alert Planning (CAP) program, a set of individualized materials designed to help participants find out about themselves and about the kind of work for which they are suited. In this program, participants become acquainted with occupations that are…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

417

Television picture signal generators: an evolutionary cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is not uncommon to find that the application of solutions to particular problems has to be delayed until the existing technology has advanced to a stage beyond that currently known. The progress in the science of television picture signal generation can be traced through this evolutionary cycle, commencing with proposals embodying an all-mechanical system of scanning, followed by proposals

L. S. Allard

1967-01-01

418

Weather information network including graphical display  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An apparatus for providing weather information onboard an aircraft includes a processor unit and a graphical user interface. The processor unit processes weather information after it is received onboard the aircraft from a ground-based source, and the graphical user interface provides a graphical presentation of the weather information to a user onboard the aircraft. Preferably, the graphical user interface includes one or more user-selectable options for graphically displaying at least one of convection information, turbulence information, icing information, weather satellite information, SIGMET information, significant weather prognosis information, and winds aloft information.

Leger, Daniel R. (Inventor); Burdon, David (Inventor); Son, Robert S. (Inventor); Martin, Kevin D. (Inventor); Harrison, John (Inventor); Hughes, Keith R. (Inventor)

2006-01-01

419

What Does `Big Data' Mean and Who Will Win?  

E-print Network

What Does `Big Data' Mean and Who Will Win? Michael Stonebraker #12;2 The Meaning of Big Data - 3 V from the fire hose · Big Variety -- Large number of diverse data sources to integrate #12;3 Big Volume · Column stores -- x50 · Wannabees -- x5 (???) #12;6 Big Data - Big Analytics · Complex math operations

Raja, Anita

420

Rolling the Dice on Big Data Department of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Rolling the Dice on Big Data Ilse Ipsen Department of Mathematics #12;The Economist, 27 February on Big Data What is "Big"? #12;Measuring Units 1 byte 1 character 10 bytes 1 word 100 bytes 1 sentence #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big Data #12;Rolling the Dice on Big

Ipsen, Ilse

421

Solution of a braneworld big crunch/big bang cosmology  

SciTech Connect

We solve for the cosmological perturbations in a five-dimensional background consisting of two separating or colliding boundary branes, as an expansion in the collision speed V divided by the speed of light c. Our solution permits a detailed check of the validity of four-dimensional effective theory in the vicinity of the event corresponding to the big crunch/big bang singularity. We show that the four-dimensional description fails at the first nontrivial order in (V/c){sup 2}. At this order, there is nontrivial mixing of the two relevant four-dimensional perturbation modes (the growing and decaying modes) as the boundary branes move from the narrowly separated limit described by Kaluza-Klein theory to the well-separated limit where gravity is confined to the positive-tension brane. We comment on the cosmological significance of the result and compute other quantities of interest in five-dimensional cosmological scenarios.

McFadden, Paul L.; Turok, Neil; Steinhardt, Paul J. [DAMTP, Center for Mathematical Sciences, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2007-11-15

422

Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 3. Origins  

ScienceCinema

In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. If the LHC is successful, it will explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of a few simple ingredients and a few simple rules. But the Universe now was forged in a Big Bang where conditions were very different, and the rules were very different, and those early moments were crucial to determining how things turned out later. At the LHC they can recreate conditions as they were billionths of a second after the Big Bang, before atoms and nuclei existed. They can find out why matter and antimatter didn't mutually annihilate each other to leave behind a Universe of pure, brilliant light. And they can look into the very structure of space and time - the fabric of the Universe

None

2011-04-25

423

Big Data in Medicine is Driving Big Changes  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To summarise current research that takes advantage of “Big Data” in health and biomedical informatics applications. Methods Survey of trends in this work, and exploration of literature describing how large-scale structured and unstructured data sources are being used to support applications from clinical decision making and health policy, to drug design and pharmacovigilance, and further to systems biology and genetics. Results The survey highlights ongoing development of powerful new methods for turning that large-scale, and often complex, data into information that provides new insights into human health, in a range of different areas. Consideration of this body of work identifies several important paradigm shifts that are facilitated by Big Data resources and methods: in clinical and translational research, from hypothesis-driven research to data-driven research, and in medicine, from evidence-based practice to practice-based evidence. Conclusions The increasing scale and availability of large quantities of health data require strategies for data management, data linkage, and data integration beyond the limits of many existing information systems, and substantial effort is underway to meet those needs. As our ability to make sense of that data improves, the value of the data will continue to increase. Health systems, genetics and genomics, population and public health; all areas of biomedicine stand to benefit from Big Data and the associated technologies. PMID:25123716

Verspoor, K.

2014-01-01

424

Get the Picture? The Effects of Iconicity on Toddlers' Reenactment From Picture Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do toddlers learn from everyday picture-book reading interactions? To date, there has been scant research exploring this question. In this study, the authors adapted a standard imitation procedure to examine 18- to 30-month-olds' ability to learn how to reenact a novel action sequence from a picture book. The results provide evidence that toddlers can imitate specific target actions on

Gabrielle Simcock; Judy DeLoache

2006-01-01

425

The BigHub.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site joins an already crowded field of portal/ multiple search engine sites. Like some of its peers, BigHub allows simultaneous searches of numerous engines, in this case nine, and includes several value-added features, such as stock quotes, news, weather reports, and free email. Unlike some of its competitors, BigHub also features a nice collection of specialty search engines in categories such as Arts & Humanities, Education, Government, News, and Science, among others. Search engines in each category are further organized by discipline. Although any such collection is inevitably subjective, users may find the site a useful tool to reduce their search time and gather more relevant results.

426

Graphical programming at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Sandia has developed an advanced operational control system approach, called Graphical Programming, to design, program, and operate robotic systems. The Graphical Programming approach produces robot systems that are faster to develop and use, safer in operation, and cheaper overall than altemative teleoperation or autonomous robot control systems. Graphical Programming also provides an efficient and easy-to-use interface to traditional robot systems for use in setup and programming tasks. This paper provides an overview of the Graphical Programming approach and lists key features of Graphical Programming systems. Graphical Programming uses 3-D visualization and simulation software with intuitive operator interfaces for the programming and control of complex robotic systems. Graphical Programming Supervisor software modules allow an operator to command and simulate complex tasks in a graphic preview mode and, when acceptable, command the actual robots and monitor their motions with the graphic system. Graphical Programming Supervisors maintain registration with the real world and allow the robot to perform tasks that cannot be accurately represented with models alone by using a combination of model and sensor-based control.

McDonald, M.J.; Palmquist, R.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Desjarlais, L. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-09-01

427

District Bets Big on Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The big clock in Dowan McNair-Lee's 8th grade classroom in the Stuart-Hobson Middle School is silent, but she can hear the minutes ticking away nonetheless. On this day, like any other, the clock is a constant reminder of how little time she has to prepare her students--for spring tests, and for high school and all that lies beyond it. The…

Gewertz, Catherine

2013-01-01

428

How Big Were the Dinosaurs?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this classroom activity, younger students compare their feet to the footprint of a large Apatosaur. The activity opens with background information about the enormous size range of dinosaurs and a discussion in which the students name some of the dinosaurs they know and describe how big they were. Then, each student will make an outline of their own footprint and fasten it onto the full-size Apatosaur print (which must be enlarged from the smaller drawing that is provided).

429

The BigBOSS Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BigBOSS is a Stage IV ground-based dark energy experiment to study baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the growth of structure with a wide-area galaxy and quasar redshift survey over 14,000 square degrees. It has been conditionally accepted by NOAO in response to a call for major new instrumentation and a high-impact science program for the 4-m Mayall telescope at Kitt

D. Schlegel; F. Abdalla; T. Abraham; C. Ahn; C. Allende Prieto; J. Annis; E. Aubourg; M. Azzaro; S. Bailey. C. Baltay; C. Baltay; C. Bebek; S. Becerril; M. Blanton; A. Bolton; B. Bromley; R. Cahn; P.-H. Carton; J. L. Cervantes-Cota; Y. Chu; M. Cortes; K. Dawson; A. Dey; M. Dickinson; H. T. Diehl; P. Doel; A. Ealet; J. Edelstein; D. Eppelle; S. Escoffier; A. Evrard; L. Faccioli; C. Frenk; M. Geha; D. Gerdes; P. Gondolo; A. Gonzalez-Arroyo; B. Grossan; T. Heckman; H. Heetderks; S. Ho; K. Honscheid; D. Huterer; O. Ilbert; I. Ivans; P. Jelinsky; Y. Jing; D. Joyce; R. Kennedy; S. Kent; D. Kieda; A. Kim; C. Kim; J.-P. Kneib; X. Kong; A. Kosowsky; K. Krishnan; O. Lahav; M. Lampton; S. LeBohec; V. Le Brun; M. Levi; C. Li; M. Liang; H. Lim; W. Lin; E. Linder; W. Lorenzon; A. de la Macorra; Ch. Magneville; R. Malina; C. Marinoni; V. Martinez; S. Majewski; T. Matheson; R. McCloskey; P. McDonald; T. McKay; J. McMahon; B. Menard; J. Miralda-Escude; M. Modjaz; A. Montero-Dorta; I. Morales; N. Mostek; J. Newman; R. Nichol; P. Nugent; K. Olsen; N. Padmanabhan; N. Palanque-Delabrouille; J. Peacock; W. Percival; S. Perlmutter; C. Peroux; P. Petitjean; F. Prada; E. Prieto; J. Prochaska; K. Reil; C. Rockosi; N. Roe; E. Rollinde; A. Roodman; N. Ross; G. Rudnick; V. Ruhlmann-Kleider; J. Sanchez; D. Sawyer; C. Schimd; M. Schubnell; R. Scoccimaro; U. Seljak; H. Seo; E. Sheldon; M. Sholl; R. Shulte-Ladbeck; A. Slosar; D. S. Smith; G. Smoot; W. Springer; A. Stril; A. S. Szalay; C. Tao; G. Tarle; E. Taylor; A. Tilquin; J. Tinker; F. Valdes; J. Wang; T. Wang; B. A. Weaver; D. Weinberg; M. White; M. Wood-Vasey; J. Yang; X. Yang. Ch. Yeche; N. Zakamska; A. Zentner; C. Zhai; P. Zhang

2011-01-01

430

More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons: Using Children's Books to Guide Inquiry, K-4 (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers raved when NSTA Press published Picture-Perfect Science Lessons in 2005.* They loved its lively mix of kid-magnet books, Standards-based science content and ready-to-teach lessons. So what could be more perfect? More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons! This volume offers 15 new lessons that combine picture books and inquiry to develop students' interest in science and reading. The sequel follows the winning formula that made the first book an NSTA best seller. The lessons, following the 5E instructional model developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) cover a variety of science content--physical science, life science, and Earth and Space Science. They include reproducible student pages and assessments. They feature embedded reading-comprehension strategies. And they make students yearn to learn from such engaging fiction and nonfiction books as Diary of a Worm, Sunshine On My Shoulders, How Big is a Foot? and Leo Cockroach, Toy Tester. The authors know how important it is for time-starved teachers to integrate science and reading in a natural way and how students with reading troubles can use an extra nudge to get engaged in science texts. More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons is the perfect supplement to your science program--and the perfect way to help students develop a love of reading and learning about science. *Teachers weren't the only ones raving! Picture-Perfect won the 2005 Distinguished Achievement Award for Teacher Resource Books from the Association of Educational Publishers.

Morgan, Emily; Ansberry, Karen

2007-01-01

431

A motion picture presentation of magnetic pulsations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Using the data obtained from the IMS North American magnetometer network stations at high latitudes, a motion picture was made by a computer technique, describing time changes of Pc5 and Pi3 magnetic pulsation vectors. Examples of pulsation characteristics derived from this presentation are regional polarization changes including shifts of polarization demarcation lines, changes in the extent of an active region and its movement with time.

Suzuki, A.; Kim, J. S.; Sugura, M.; Nagano, H.

1981-01-01

432

SHARPI/PICTURE Sounding Rocket Telescope  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Solar High Angular Resolution Photometric Imager (SHARPI)/Planet Imaging Concept Testbed Using a Rocket Experiment (PICTURE) Sounding Rocket Telescope is described. The topics include: 1) Lightweight precision mirror development; 2) Two sounding rocket concepts sharing a telescope; 3) Optical Telescope Assembly (OTA) overview; 4) PM development program; 5) PM figure testing; 6) Mirror coatings; 7) PM mount and verification; 8) Secondary Mirror (SM); and 9) OTA.

Content, D.; Antonille, S.; Wallace, T.; Rabin, D.; Wake, S.

2006-01-01

433

EHR Big Data Deep Phenotyping  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives Given the quickening speed of discovery of variant disease drivers from combined patient genotype and phenotype data, the objective is to provide methodology using big data technology to support the definition of deep phenotypes in medical records. Methods As the vast stores of genomic information increase with next generation sequencing, the importance of deep phenotyping increases. The growth of genomic data and adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHR) in medicine provides a unique opportunity to integrate phenotype and genotype data into medical records. The method by which collections of clinical findings and other health related data are leveraged to form meaningful phenotypes is an active area of research. Longitudinal data stored in EHRs provide a wealth of information that can be used to construct phenotypes of patients. We focus on a practical problem around data integration for deep phenotype identification within EHR data. The use of big data approaches are described that enable scalable markup of EHR events that can be used for semantic and temporal similarity analysis to support the identification of phenotype and genotype relationships. Conclusions Stead and colleagues’ 2005 concept of using light standards to increase the productivity of software systems by riding on the wave of hardware/processing power is described as a harbinger for designing future healthcare systems. The big data solution, using flexible markup, provides a route to improved utilization of processing power for organizing patient records in genotype and phenotype research. PMID:25123744

Lenert, L.; Lopez-Campos, G.

2014-01-01

434

The pits and falls of graphical presentation  

PubMed Central

Graphics are powerful tools to communicate research results and to gain information from data. However, researchers should be careful when deciding which data to plot and the type of graphic to use, as well as other details. The consequence of bad decisions in these features varies from making research results unclear to distortions of these results, through the creation of “chartjunk” with useless information. This paper is not another tutorial about “good graphics” and “bad graphics”. Instead, it presents guidelines for graphic presentation of research results and some uncommon, but useful examples to communicate basic and complex data types, especially multivariate model results, which are commonly presented only by tables. By the end, there are no answers here, just ideas meant to inspire others on how to create their own graphics. PMID:25351349

Sperandei, Sandro

2014-01-01

435

USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory: Maps and Graphics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey's website for the Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) has a host of graphics and maps for the professional volcano researcher or the amateur volcanologist. The maps and graphics are divided into four broad categories, and within each of those categories are dozens and dozens of maps and graphics. The categories include "Hazards, Features, Topics, and Types: Maps and Graphics", "Monitoring: Maps and Graphics", and "Volcano or Region: Maps and Graphics". Visitors should check out "Bachelor", which is in the "Volcano or Region" category, as there is an "Interactive Imagemap" of the Cascade Range Volcanoes. Clicking on any of the images of the volcanoes will reveal a beautiful, aerial photo of the volcano, along with a brief description of the history of the volcano. Additionally, there is a "Planning Your Visit" section that gives online and offline resources to look at before going to the actual volcano.

2010-02-19

436

A computer graphics system for visualizing spacecraft in orbit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To carry out unanticipated operations with resources already in space is part of the rationale for a permanently manned space station in Earth orbit. The astronauts aboard a space station will require an on-board, spatial display tool to assist the planning and rehearsal of upcoming operations. Such a tool can also help astronauts to monitor and control such operations as they occur, especially in cases where first-hand visibility is not possible. A computer graphics visualization system designed for such an application and currently implemented as part of a ground-based simulation is described. The visualization system presents to the user the spatial information available in the spacecraft's computers by drawing a dynamic picture containing the planet Earth, the Sun, a star field, and up to two spacecraft. The point of view within the picture can be controlled by the user to obtain a number of specific visualization functions. The elements of the display, the methods used to control the display's point of view, and some of the ways in which the system can be used are described.

Eyles, Don E.

1989-01-01

437

Graphical tools for macromolecular crystallography in PHENIX  

PubMed Central

A new Python-based graphical user interface for the PHENIX suite of crystallography software is described. This interface unifies the command-line programs and their graphical displays, simplifying the development of new interfaces and avoiding duplication of function. With careful design, graphical interfaces can be displayed automatically, instead of being manually constructed. The resulting package is easily maintained and extended as new programs are added or modified. PMID:22675231

Echols, Nathaniel; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Bunkóczi, Gábor; Chen, Vincent B.; Headd, Jeffrey J.; McCoy, Airlie J.; Moriarty, Nigel W.; Read, Randy J.; Richardson, David C.; Richardson, Jane S.; Terwilliger, Thomas C.; Adams, Paul D.

2012-01-01

438

General-Purpose Graphics-Library Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Device Independent Graphics Library (NASADIG) computer program is general-purpose graphics-library program for use with many computer-based-engineering and management application programs. Software offers many features providing user with flexibility in creating graphics. Includes two- and three-dimensional plotting, splines and polynomial interpolation, area blanking control, multiple log/linear axes, legends and text control, curve-thickness control, and multiple text fonts. Written in ANSI FORTRAN 77.

Rogers, Joseph E.

1993-01-01

439

Graphic Design Principles Internet Treasure Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is to give you the opportunity to learn about important graphic design principles that you should use when creating and editing graphics for multimedia. Treasure Map 2 Activity Description: You will team up with a partner in the classroom and together you will embark on a treasure hunt to find treasures of knowledge about graphic design principles. To help you keep track of your treasures, you and your partner will be filling out a treasure ...

Aycock, Mr.

2010-06-04

440

6.837 Computer Graphics, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

6.837 offers an introduction to computer graphics hardware, algorithms, and software. Topics include: line generators, affine transformations, line and polygon clipping, splines, interactive techniques, perspective ...

Durand, Frédo

441

Geometrical and Graphical Solutions of Quadratic Equations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are several geometrical and graphical methods of solving quadratic equations. Discussed are Greek origins, Carlyle's method, von Staudt's method, fixed graph methods and imaginary solutions. (CW)

Hornsby, E. John, Jr.

1990-01-01

442

Turning big bang into big bounce. I. Classical dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The big bounce (BB) transition within a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model is analyzed in the setting of loop geometry underlying the loop cosmology. We solve the constraint of the theory at the classical level to identify physical phase space and find the Lie algebra of the Dirac observables. We express energy density of matter and geometrical functions in terms of the observables. It is the modification of classical theory by the loop geometry that is responsible for BB. The classical energy scale specific to BB depends on a parameter that should be fixed either by cosmological data or determined theoretically at quantum level, otherwise the energy scale stays unknown.

Dzierzak, Piotr; Malkiewicz, Przemyslaw; Piechocki, Wlodzimierz [Theoretical Physics Department, Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

2009-11-15

443

21Volume 1:1 Spring 2008 Fungi We saw an upsurge in the number of articles on big broad fungal  

E-print Network

21Volume 1:1 Spring 2008 Fungi We saw an upsurge in the number of articles on big broad fungal universities who collaborated to give an overall picture of the origins and evolution of the fungi, based a complete overview of the kingdom Fungi and show a reno- vated landscape.The new layout is especially

California at Berkeley, University of

444

The HEASARC graphical user interface  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An OSF/Motif-based graphical user interface has been developed to facilitate the use of the database and data analysis software packages available from the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC). It can also be used as an interface to other, similar, routines. A small number of tables are constructed to specify the possible commands and command parameters for a given set of analysis routines. These tables can be modified by a designer to affect the appearance of the interface screens. They can also be dynamically changed in response to parameter adjustments made while the underlying program is running. Additionally, a communication protocol has been designed so that the interface can operate locally or across a network. It is intended that this software be able to run on a variety of workstations and X terminals.

White, N.; Barrett, P.; Jacobs, P.; Oneel, B.

1992-01-01

445

A rigorous periodization of ‘big’ history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big’ history is the time between the Big Bang and contemporary technological life on Earth. The stretch of big history can be considered as a series of developments in systems that manage ever-greater levels of energy flow, or thermodynamic disequilibrium. Recent theory suggests that step-wise changes in the work accomplished by a system can be explained using steady-state non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

Robert Aunger

2007-01-01

446

Native perennial forb variation between mountain big sagebrush and Wyoming big sagebrush plant communities  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata Nutt.) occupies large portions of the western United States and provides valuable wildlife habitat. However, information is lacking quantifying differences in native perennial forb characteristics between mountain big sagebrush (A. tridentata spp. vaseyana (Rydb....

447

Traffic information computing platform for big data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Big data environment create data conditions for improving the quality of traffic information service. The target of this article is to construct a traffic information computing platform for big data environment. Through in-depth analysis the connotation and technology characteristics of big data and traffic information service, a distributed traffic atomic information computing platform architecture is proposed. Under the big data environment, this type of traffic atomic information computing architecture helps to guarantee the traffic safety and efficient operation, more intelligent and personalized traffic information service can be used for the traffic information users.

Duan, Zongtao; Li, Ying; Zheng, Xibin; Liu, Yan; Dai, Jiting; Kang, Jun

2014-10-01

448

Seeding Considerations in Restoring Big Sagebrush Habitat  

E-print Network

Abstract-This papcrdescribes methods of managing or seeding to restore big sagebrush communities for wildlife habitat. The focus is on three bigsagebrush subspecies, Wyomingbigsagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis), basin big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata), and mountain big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp. vaseyana). Natural colonization of the native plant community may be the preferred management action on sites where native seed sources are available to successfully reestablish the desired wildlife habitat. On highly disturbed or otherwise damaged sites and where competition from weeds is excessive, seeding,,~II be utilized to restore big sagebrush for wildlife habitat. Big sagebrush seed is never seeded alone in site rehabilitation and restoration projects. The best time to seed or interseed big sagebrush seed mixes, including grasses and forbs, is in late fall or early winter. The overall best method to reestablish big sagebrush is to use a rangeland drill at a shallow setting following site preparation, including tillage and weed control. When big sagebrush is drill seeded mth other seed types, it is recommended that it be seeded through a separate drill box to permit very shallow seeding and proper seed placement for plant establishment. Seedings of native plants, including big sagebrush, should be protected from grazing for at least 3 to 5 years to allow time for the shrubs and forbs to become established.

Scott M. Lambert

449

Hawking temperature in the tunneling picture  

E-print Network

We examine Hawking radiation from a Schwarzschild black hole in several reference frames using the quasi-classical tunneling picture. It is shown that when one uses, $\\Gamma \\propto \\exp(Im [\\oint p dr])$, rather than, $\\Gamma \\propto \\exp(2 Im [\\int p dr])$, for the tunneling probability/decay rate one obtains twice the original Hawking temperature. The former expression for $\\Gamma$ is argued to be correct since $\\oint p dr$ is invariant under canonical transformations, while $\\int p dr$ is not. Thus, either the tunneling methods of calculating Hawking radiation are suspect or the Hawking temperature is twice that originally calculated.

Emil T. Akhmedov; Valeria Akhmedova; Douglas Singleton

2006-08-15

450

What Is Wrong With This Picture?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This drawing depicts people taking care of their home and car in ways that damage the environment, especially our water. Clicking on areas of the picture produces explanations of what people are doing wrong and how we can better protect the environment. Mistakes include dumping motor oil down a storm drain, leaving oil and antifreeze to leak out of a car, using fertilizer and pesticides improperly, sprinkling the sidewalk, throwing away grass clippings and leaves, littering, and eroding stream banks by removing plants and trees.

451

Global fluctuation spectra in big-crunch big-bang string vacua  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study big-crunch big-bang cosmologies that correspond to exact world-sheet superconformal field theories of type II strings. The string theory spacetime contains a big crunch and a big bang cosmology, as well as additional ``whisker'' asymptotic and intermediate regions. Within the context of free string theory, we compute, unambiguously, the scalar fluctuation spectrum in all regions of spacetime. Generically, the

B. E. L. Craps; Burt A. Ovrut

2004-01-01

452

Spectral action and big desert  

E-print Network

The values of the Higgs mass are obtained for two possibilities of extending the standard model in a way compatible with the existence of a noncommutative structure at high energies. We assume the existence of a big desert between the low energy electroweak scale and the high energy scale $\\Lambda = 1.1\\times 10^{17}$ GeV, where noncommutative features become relevant. We conclude that it is extremely difficult to depart from the Higgs mass value $ m_H= 175.1^{+5.8}_{-9.8}$ GeV obtained from noncommutative geometry for the standard model with three generations only.

Marc Knecht; Thomas Schucker

2006-05-15

453

Big bang nucleosynthesis: An update  

SciTech Connect

An update on the standard model of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is presented. With the value of the baryon-tophoton ratio determined to high precision by WMAP, standard BBN is a parameter-free theory. In this context, the theoretical prediction for the abundances of D, {sup 4}He, and {sup 7}Li is discussed and compared to their observational determination. While concordance for D and {sup 4}He is satisfactory, the prediction for {sup 7}Li exceeds the observational determination by a factor of about four. Possible solutions to this problem are discussed.

Olive, Keith A. [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

2013-07-23

454

Big Explosions and Strong Gravity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide has been developed to assist people who would like to run the Big Explosions and Strong Gravity event with their local Girl Scout Council. The event is a one-day event in which a group of Girl Scouts spends their time doing a series of hands-on activities on spectroscopy, cosmic abundances, supernovae, and black holes. Professional scientists, engineers, and graduate students assist with these activities, giving the scouts a chance to interact with professionals in science and technology fields.

2011-01-01

455

Big deformation in 17C  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reaction and interaction cross sections of 17C on a carbon target have been re-analyzed using the modified Glauber model. The analysis with a deformed Woods-Saxon density/potential suggests a big deformation structure for 17C. The existence of a tail in the density distribution supports the possibility of it being a one-neutron halo structure. Under a deformed core plus a single-particle assumption, analysis shows a dominant d-wave of the valence neutron in 17C.

Fan, Guang-Wei; Cai, Xiao-Lu; Fukuda, M.; Han, Ti-Fei; Li, Xue-Chao; Ren, Zhong-Zhou; Xu, Wang

2014-01-01

456

Sonar Picture Segmentation using Markovian Multigrid Algorithm and Multiresolution Analysis  

E-print Network

Sonar Picture Segmentation using Markovian Multigrid Algorithm and Multiresolution Analysis C on sonar pictures. On the sea-bottom lies some natural or man made objects that we have to detect (cf section 5) or the multiresolution analysis (cf section 6 ) we proposed on real sonar picture allow

457

Evoking the World of Poetic Nonfiction Picture Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasingly prevalent and accessible form of hybrid nonfiction picture books blends factual information with poetry or poetic devices to create literary nonfiction. This important form of hybrid text has been sparsely examined. This article addresses three questions about poetic nonfiction picture books: first, how might we categorize picture

Kesler, Ted

2012-01-01

458

Using Pictures to Teach Concepts to Handicapped Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is reviewed on the use of pictures to teach concepts to handicapped children. Five general conclusions are drawn including (1) young children prefer, can recognize, and can learn concepts from pictures and outline figures and (2) pictures should be realistic and simple with an unsaturated hue to reduce distractibility. (CL)

Baine, David

1982-01-01

459

36 CFR 7.32 - Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. 7.32 Section...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.32 Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. (a) Snowmobiles...portions of roadways and lakes in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. The...

2012-07-01

460

36 CFR 7.32 - Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. 7.32 Section...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.32 Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. (a) Snowmobiles...portions of roadways and lakes in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. The...

2011-07-01

461

36 CFR 7.32 - Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. 7.32 Section...NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.32 Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. (a) Snowmobiles...portions of roadways and lakes in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. The...

2013-07-01

462

Theory and Research on the Perception of Television Pictures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The viewer's perception of television pictures is different from the perception of pictures generated by other visual media. The research findings on the subject reveal that there are four major areas under which the study of television picture perception can be grouped. The "light through" as opposed to the "light on" theory suggests that…

Metallinos, Nikos

463

Geography via Pictures, Revision: Do It This Way, 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practical information for using a variety of pictures in the geography classroom is provided. Although pictures which depict cultural and natural landscape conditions are readily available, the methods by which pictures should be used in the classroom to produce the greatest impact on learning need to be carefully considered by the teacher. This…

Halverson, Lynn H.

464

Individual differences in the verification of sentence—picture relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a modification of the familiar sentence-picture comprehension task (Chase & Clark, 1972), 70 university undergraduates verified simple sentence-picture pairs. Two reaction times were collected on each trial: (a) comprehension time, the time to study a sentence of the form PLUS IS (NOT) ABOVE STAR, and (b) verification time, the time to verify whether a picture of the form ,+

COLIN M. MACLEOD; EARL B. HUNT; NANCY N. MATHEWS

1978-01-01

465

78 FR 51064 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, IL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago...waterways due to the filming of a motion picture. These temporary safety...involved in the filming of a motion picture. DATES: This rule...Facility in Room W12-140 on the ground floor of the Department of...

2013-08-20

466

Using Pictures to Assist in Comprehension and Recall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a picture drawing strategy to enhance the comprehension of fourth- and fifth-grade students with language and reading problems. Students used adhesive notes to draw pictures of main ideas as they read aloud or listened. Students learned the strategy rapidly and were able to use the pictures to generate summary statements.…

Rich, Rebecca Z.; Blake, Sylvia

1994-01-01

467

Working through Children's Developmental and Existential Stress in Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aesthetic quality and psychological subtlety of contemporary picture books give genuine expression to a child's conscious and unconscious thoughts and emotions. Increasingly, themes of existential and developmental stress are appearing in picture books. Typical reactions aroused by such stress factors--and also by themes treated in picture

Schwarcz, Joseph H.

468

Big.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on the different types of data projectors, to help librarians make a smart selection for their library. Describes multimedia projectors; document cameras; large-screen televisions, monitors, and flat panels; electronic whiteboards, and identifies uses, manufacturers, and prices. Notes three important ways that data projectors…

Everhart, Nancy; Everhart, Harry

2000-01-01

469

Graphical explanation in an expert system for Space Station Freedom rack integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rationale and methodology used to incorporate graphics into explanations provided by an expert system for Space Station Freedom rack integration is examined. The rack integration task is typical of a class of constraint satisfaction problems for large programs where expertise from several areas is required. Graphically oriented approaches are used to explain the conclusions made by the system, the knowledge base content, and even at more abstract levels the control strategies employed by the system. The implemented architecture combines hypermedia and inference engine capabilities. The advantages of this architecture include: closer integration of user interface, explanation system, and knowledge base; the ability to embed links to deeper knowledge underlying the compiled knowledge used in the knowledge base; and allowing for more direct control of explanation depth and duration by the user. The graphical techniques employed range from simple statis presentation of schematics to dynamic creation of a series of pictures presented motion picture style. User models control the type, amount, and order of information presented.

Craig, F. G.; Cutts, D. E.; Fennel, T. R.; Purves, B.

1990-01-01

470

22. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 22. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

22. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 22. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2011 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest parameter (see Cosmological Parameters review). The nucleosynthesis chain begins with the formation

471

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2009 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest (see Cosmological Parameters review). The nucleosynthesis chain begins with the formation of deuterium

472

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

20. Big-Bang nucleosynthesis 1 20. BIG-BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS Revised August 2011 by B.D. Fields (Univ. of Illinois) and S. Sarkar (Univ. of Oxford). Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers the deepest parameter (see Cosmological Parameters review). The nucleosynthesis chain begins with the formation

473

Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring 2015 is designed to  

E-print Network

Business Analytics Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring and Social Analytics Big Data Analytics Python for Data Analytics Forecasting Applied Time Series HR 2015 is designed to create an empowered workforce that understands how data - regardless of size

Huang, Haiying

474

EARLY DRAFT. Final version published in Computer Graphics Forum, volume 27, number 1, pages 102114, 2008 A Flexible Kernel for Adaptive Mesh Refinement on GPU  

E-print Network

additional topology data structure. The level of adaptive refinement can be controlled by specifying a per of the rendered pictures. On-the-fly geometry synthesis addresses this issue by al- lowing an additional level of abstraction in the graphics pipeline. For interactive applications, geometry synthesis is usually cast

Boyer, Edmond

475

Employing the Prior Knowledge of Users: Two Steps in the Design of a Graphical Interface for an Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two crucial steps in the design of the user interface for an ISDN application are discussed. In the first study, a passive prototype, in which pictures of application screens were shown to subjects, allowed users to state their expectations about the system in the absence of bias owing to system feedback. Subjects interpreted graphical elements of the application window, described

Roger B. Garberg

1991-01-01

476

Quantum Monte Carlo on Graphical Processing Units  

E-print Network

Quantum Monte Carlo on Graphical Processing Units Amos Anderson William A. Goddard III Materials Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Abstract Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) is among the most algorithm can match CPU single precision. Key words: Graphical Processing Units, Quantum Monte Carlo, matrix

Desbrun, Mathieu

477

Adolescents' Motivations for Viewing Graphic Horror.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies four motivations adolescents report for viewing graphic horror films: gore watching, thrill watching, independent watching, and problem watching. Argues that viewing motivations are predictors of responses to graphic horror. Finds that viewing motivations were related to viewers' cognitive and affective responses and a tendency to…

Johnston, Deirdre D.

1995-01-01

478

Graphic Organizers: Outlets for Your Thoughts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphs, bars, charts, and diagrams have been used by designers, writers, and scientists to communicate. Now, research suggests that graphic organizers benefit teaching and learning. This article describes graphic organizers: sequential, conceptual, hierarchical, cyclical, Venn, fishbone or Ishikawa, squeeze and stretch, why-why, t-chart, KWL…

Ekhaml, Leticia

1998-01-01

479

Spatial Ability through Engineering Graphics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spatial ability has been confirmed to be of particular importance for successful engineering graphics education and to be a component of human intelligence that can be improved through instruction and training. Consequently, the creation and communication by means of graphics demand careful development of spatial skills provided by the balanced…

Marunic, Gordana; Glazar, Vladimir

2013-01-01

480

A Graphical Interface for CHIP Lorenzo Alvisi  

E-print Network

A Graphical Interface for CHIP Lorenzo Alvisi The University of Texas at Austin Department 6 June 1996 Abstract CHIP (Cornell Hypothetical Instructional Processor) BBDS83] is a computer- chine architecture. This document describes CHIP's graphical interface and covers in a tutorial how

Schneider, Fred B.

481

A Graphical Interface for CHIP Lorenzo Alvisi  

E-print Network

A Graphical Interface for CHIP Lorenzo Alvisi The University of Texas at Austin Department 6 June 1996 Abstract CHIP (Cornell Hypothetical Instructional Processor) [BBDS83] is a computer­ chine architecture. This document describes CHIP's graphical interface and covers in a tutorial how

Schneider, Fred B.

482

Making Art Connections with Graphic Organizers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Posters, slide shows, videos, diagrams, charts, written or illustrated class notes, daily logs, to do lists, and written instructions are all helpful modes of teaching for visual learners. Another form of instruction that is helpful for visual learners is the graphic organizers. Sometimes called "mind maps", graphic organizers are illustrative…

Stephens, Pam; Hermus, Cindy

2007-01-01

483

Graphics with Special Interfaces for Disabled People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes new software and special input devices to allow physically impaired children to utilize the graphic capabilities of personal computers. Special input devices for computer graphics access--the voice recognition card, the single switch, or the mouse emulator--can be used either singly or in combination by the disabled to control…

Tronconi, A.; And Others

484

Exploring Concepts in Probability: Using Graphics Calculators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project in which certain key concepts in probability were explored using graphics calculators with year 10 students. The lessons were conducted in the regular classroom where students were provided with a Casio CFX 9850 GB PLUS graphics calculator with which they were familiar from year 9. The participants in the…

Ghosh, Jonaki

2004-01-01

485

Is There Computer Graphics after Multimedia?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer graphics has been driven by the desire to generate real-time imagery subject to constraints imposed by the human visual system. The future of computer graphics, when off-the-shelf systems have full multimedia capability and when standard computing engines render imagery faster than real-time, remains to be seen. A dedicated pipeline for…

Booth, Kellogg S.

486

Teaching Media Literacy with Graphic Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A current problem in media literacy studies is whether or not to categorize graphic novels as media literacy texts. Thus, this article begins with a review of current media literacy research and its emphasis on defining media literacy texts as texts that rely on both print literacies and image literacies. Because graphic novels rely on…

Monnin, Katie

2010-01-01

487

Graphic Design in Libraries: A Conceptual Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing successful library services requires efficient and effective communication with users; therefore, it is important that content creators who develop visual materials understand key components of design and, specifically, develop a holistic graphic design process. Graphic design, as a form of visual communication, is the process of…

Ruiz, Miguel

2014-01-01

488

Elementary Teachers' Instructional Practices Involving Graphical Representations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to gather data on US elementary school teachers' (K-5) instructional practices with graphical representations. The results revealed high percentages of usage for graphical representations but with varying levels of frequency. Overall, the most frequently reported instructional practices by teachers included 1) pointing…

Coleman, Julianne

2010-01-01

489

Paneling "Matters" in Elementary Students' Graphic Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a 10-week classroom-based study, 20 fourth grade students participated in a number of interdependent activities that focused on developing their visual meaning-making skills and competencies. As well as reading, responding in writing to and discussing a selection of picturebooks, graphic novels, and magazines, the students created graphic

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2013-01-01

490

A Laboratory Application of Microcomputer Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A PASCAL graphics and instrument interface program for a Z80/S-100 based microcomputer was developed. The computer interfaces to a stopped-flow spectrophotometer replacing a storage oscilloscope and polaroid camera. Applications of this system are discussed, indicating that graphics and analog-to-digital boards have transformed the computer into…

Gehring, Kalle B.; Moore, John W.

1983-01-01

491

Graphical Models and Computerized Adaptive Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper synthesizes ideas from the fields of graphical modeling and education testing, particularly item response theory (IRT) applied to computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Graphical modeling can offer IRT a language for describing multifaceted skills and knowledge, and disentangling evidence from complex performances. IRT-CAT can offer…

Mislevy, Robert J.; Almond, Russell G.

492

Mental Vision: A Computer Graphics Teaching Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a learning platform to simplify and improve teach- ing and practice of Computer Graphics for beginners and advanced students. Our goal is to offer a set of tools to help students having a better mental vision of the abstract notions introduced during the course. Our platform is composed by a pedagogical-oriented, intuitive and user-friendly graphic engine, offering

Achille Peternier; Daniel Thalmann; Frédéric Vexo

2006-01-01

493

Interpreting Graphic Versions of Shakespearean Plays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of quality multimodal texts such as graphic novels may provide new vistas that allow adolescents access to more complex readings of difficult texts. This is especially true for the large number of graphic versions of Shakespearean text that have recently come on the market. However, it is still unclear as to what students actually…

Wolfe, Paula; Kleijwegt, Danielle

2012-01-01

494

Deconstruction and Graphic Design: History Meets Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the reception and use of deconstruction in the recent history of graphic design. Considers the place of graphics within the theory of deconstruction in the work of philosopher Jacques Derrida. Argues that deconstruction is not a style but a mode of questioning through and about the technologies, formal devices, social institutions and…

Lupton, Ellen; Miller, J. Abbott

1994-01-01

495

Fast matrix multiplies using graphics hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a technique for large matrix-matrix multiplies using low cost graphics hardware. The result is computed by literally visualizing the computations of a simple parallel processing algorithm. Current graphics hardware technology has limited precision and thus limits immediate applicability of our algorithm. We include results demonstrating proof of concept, correctness, speedup, and a simple application. This is therefore forward

E. Scott Larsen; David K. McAllister

2001-01-01

496

Metamouse: specifying graphical procedures by example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metamouse is a device enabling the user of a drawing program to specify graphical procedures by supplying example execution traces. The user manipulates objects directly on the screen, creating graphical tools where necessary to help make constraints explicit; the system records the sequence of actions and induces a procedure. Generalization is used both to identify the key features of individual

David L. Maulsby; Ian H. Witten; Kenneth A. Kittlitz

1989-01-01

497

A System for Generating Instructional Computer Graphics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of the Tektronix-Based Interactive Graphics System for Instruction (TIGSI), which was developed for generating graphics displays in computer-assisted instruction materials, discusses several applications (e.g., reinforcing learning of concepts, principles, rules, and problem-solving techniques) and presents advantages of the TIGSI…

Nygard, Kendall E.; Ranganathan, Babusankar

1983-01-01

498

Printing (Graphic Arts): Scope and Sequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by all printing (graphic arts) instructors in the Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, this guide provides a sequential listing of course content and scope. A course description provides a brief overview of the content of the courses offered in the printing (graphic arts) program. General course objectives are then listed.…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

499

Program For Editing Graphical Displays Of Schedules  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

XOPPS is window-based software tool from graphics providing easy and fast "what you see is what you get" (WYSIWYG) on-screen editing capabilities. Provides area, analogous to canvas, displaying full image of schedule being edited. Canvas contains header area (for test) and schedule area (for plotting graphical representations of milestone objects in flexible time line). Written in C language.

Mulnix, Cassie L.; Miller, Kevin

1995-01-01

500

Harmonization in laboratory medicine: the complete picture.  

PubMed

Evidence of the acute lack of interchangeable laboratory results and consensus in current practice among clinical laboratories has underpinned greater attention to standardization and harmonization projects. Although the focus is mainly on the standardization of measurement procedures, the scope of harmonization goes beyond method and analytical results: it includes all other aspects of laboratory testing, including terminology and units, report formats, reference intervals and decision limits, as well as test profiles and criteria for the interpretation of results. This review provides further insight on the issue of harmonization in laboratory medicine in view of the urgent need for a complete picture now that old and new drivers are calling for more effective efforts in this field. The main drivers for standardization and harmonization projects are first and foremost patient safety, but also the increasing trends towards consolidation and networking of clinical laboratories, accreditation programs, clinical governance, and advances in Information Technology (IT), including the electronic patient record. The harmonization process, which should be considered a three-tier approach involving local, national and international fronts, must go beyond the harmonization of methods and analytical results to include all other aspects of laboratory testing. A pertinent example of the importance of a complete picture in harmonization programs is given by the National Bone Health Alliance working in the field of bone turnover markers in cooperation with scientific societies including the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC). PMID:23435100

Plebani, Mario

2013-04-01