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1

Dietary Habits of Greek Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess Greek primary (1st to 6th grade) school children's dietary habits and the factors influencing them. Our results show that children know the value of different foods. The socio-economic status of father has no effect on the attitude of children towards choosing their diet, however, mothers' educational status…

Piperakis, S. M.; Papadimitriou, V.; Zafiropoulou, M.; Piperakis, A. S.; Zisis, P.

2007-01-01

2

Understanding Greek Primary School Children's Comprehension of Sun Exposure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses Greek primary school children's understanding of sun exposure during summer vacation. Results indicate that children know the damaging effects of long time exposure and the precautions that should be taken during summer bathing. (Author/SOE)

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Papadimitriou, Vasiliki; Piperakis, Michael M.; Zisis, Panagiotis

2003-01-01

3

Images of Nature in Greek Primary School Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the environmental content of the textbooks used for the teaching of natural sciences in Greek primary schools was examined. Specifically, by employing the method of content analysis, both representational (metaphors, depictions, values, etc.) and cognitive ecological concepts) elements, building images of nature, and shaping our…

Korfiatis, Kostas J.; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Paraskevopoulos, Stephanos

2004-01-01

4

Experiencing Multiculturalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of a monocultural and monolingual education system, this paper seeks to explore and compare the experiences of Cypriot and non-Cypriot pupils in Greek-Cypriot primary schools with culturally diverse pupil populations. The concept of multiculturalism has been introduced only very recently in Cyprus and there has been little…

Partasi, Evgenia

2011-01-01

5

A Phenomenographic Study of Greek Primary School Students' Representations Concerning Technology in Daily Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigated and studied students' representations about daily life technologies, in a prospect of studying technology in Greek primary education. In the research participated 60 Greek primary school students aged 9 to 12 years old. Research data were collected through semi-structured, personal, clinical-type interviews. Each…

Solomonidou, Christina; Tassios, Athanassios

2007-01-01

6

Images of nature in greek primary school textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, the environmental content of the textbooks used for the teaching of natural sciences in Greek primary schools was examined. Specifically, by employing the method of content analysis, both representational (metaphors, depictions, values, etc.) and cognitive (ecological concepts) elements, building images of nature, and shaping our opinion and attitudes towards the environment were examined. The results of the analysis revealed that a coherent whole was produced, where nature was in a condition of oscillating balance, with everything being connected with something else, and humans having absolute control over a nature whose only value was its usefulness as a resource for food and raw material. However, seen qualitatively, the edifice included many contradictory elements and inconsistencies, which, having evolved out of a specific context, might spread confusion and deprive pupils from critical thinking. On the other hand, the image of nature dominating disagreed with both a standpoint advocating an equal relationship between humans and nature and with that supporting a relationship of stewardship and care for nature, while it failed to provide students with proper and sufficient environmental knowledge.

Korfiatis, Kostas J.; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Paraskevopoulos, Stephanos

2004-01-01

7

Attitudes of Greek Parents of Primary School Children without Special Educational Needs to Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in school settings depends largely on the attitudes of parents of peers without SEN. The purpose of the present study was to explore the attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without SEN towards inclusion. The participants were 338 parents (182 fathers, 156…

Kalyva, Efrosini; Georgiadi, Maria; Tsakiris, Vlastaris

2007-01-01

8

School Knowledge, Cross-Curricularity and Teamwork Teaching in the Greek Primary School: Mathematics Education as Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through analysis of exercises offered in mathematics textbooks, this article investigates the discursive practice of cross-curricularity and group work teaching that was advocated in the 2007 reform of mathematics education in Greek primary schools. The conclusion of the research is that the organisation of school knowledge is vertical, and strong…

Nikolakaki, Maria; Dossa, Katerina; Moraiti, Tzeni

2012-01-01

9

Sexuality and Relationships Education in the Greek Primary Schools--See No Evil, Hear No Evil, Speak No Evil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although sexuality and relationships education is recommended as one of the targets of school health education projects in Greece, implementation seems to be problematic. This article discusses findings from a survey on Greek primary school teachers, particularly their opinion on the suitability of primary schools for sexuality education, whether…

Gerouki, Margarita

2007-01-01

10

Exploring Primary Children's Views and Experiences of the School Ground: The Case of a Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the use of a conventional school ground of a primary school and its potential as a space for creative play and environmental learning. Children's play behavior and views of the school ground are explored, as well as their vision for its improvement. The research constitutes part of a wider school ground project and was…

Christidou, Vasilia; Tsevreni, Irida; Epitropou, Maria; Kittas, Constantinos

2013-01-01

11

Greek Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Current Environmental Issues: An Exploration of Their Environmental Knowledge and Images of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena.…

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-01-01

12

Attitudes and intention of Greek and Cypriot primary education teachers towards teaching pupils with special educational needs in mainstream schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to record the attitudes and intentions of Greek and Cypriot primary education teachers towards teaching children with special educational needs (SENs) in mainstream schools. The instrument used was based on ‘Planned Behaviour Theory’. The sample of the study included 179 educators, 87 from Greece (34 men, 52 women) and 92 from Cyprus (15 men,

S. Batsiou; E. Bebetsos; P. Panteli; P. Antoniou

2008-01-01

13

Constructivist Learning and Teaching of Optics Concepts Using ICT Tools in Greek Primary School: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study documents the design and evaluation results of an innovative teaching approach with the use of ICT regarding the optics concepts of light reflection and diffusion, and vision in Greek primary school. First there was a survey of 140 students to ascertain their initial ideas regarding these concepts. On the basis of the results of…

Tekos, George; Solomonidou, Christina

2009-01-01

14

Interpersonal Teacher Behaviour in Primary School Classrooms: A Cross-Cultural Validation of a Greek Translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the psychometric properties of a Greek translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction Primary (G-QTIP). A sample of 273 primary school students from 17 Grade 5 and 6 classes in Cyprus public schools, as well as their teachers, participated in the study. Students completed a self-report questionnaire…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Charalambous, Kyriakos; Davazoglou, Aggeliki

2009-01-01

15

Divergent Orientations to Greek and its Teaching in an Australian Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Greek community in Australia attempts, with reasonable success, to maintain Greek language proficiency in succeeding generations, but attitudinal barriers within the community may be impeding the process. A study of the stakeholders (primary and secondary staff, parents, students and management) of one Greek independent school in Melbourne…

Bradshaw, Julie; Truckenbrodt, Andrea

2003-01-01

16

Peer Groups in the Greek Primary School: A Research of Their Characteristics and Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of peer groups that pupils form, after selecting one another, during the various primary school classes. One hundred and fifty-nine 4th, 5th and 6th grade pupils, attending urban schools in the provinces, took part in the survey. Moreno's sociometric recommendation test was provided for…

Rekalidou, Galini; Pliogou, Vassiliki

2010-01-01

17

Interpersonal teacher behaviour in primary school classrooms: A cross-cultural validation of a Greek translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the psychometric properties of a Greek translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction\\u000a Primary (G-QTIP). A sample of 273 primary school students from 17 Grade 5 and 6 classes in Cyprus public schools, as well\\u000a as their teachers, participated in the study. Students completed a self-report questionnaire consisting of demographic questions\\u000a and the G-QTIP. Teachers also

Constantinos M. Kokkinos; Kyriakos Charalambous; Aggeliki Davazoglou

2009-01-01

18

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However, specific purposes may reflect specific and prescriptive terms for using historical materials. Our work aims to show up this aspect. It is an attempt to make elements of the history of astronomy involved in the elaboration of a training session for future primary school teachers. Here, ancients' Greek and Chinese historical elements are chosen and organized according to specific educational and conceptual constraints that include the construction of the quasi-parallelism of solar rays reaching Earths' surface, and the spontaneous modeling of the propagation of Sunlight leaning on divergent rays. This leads to an original teaching sequence were historical elements are mixed with non historical ones. This organization forms the support of a pre-service training session developed for future primary school teachers. This session aims to provide future teachers with elementary cosmological knowledge (parallelism of Sunrays, shape and size of the Earth, Sun-Earth distance…), to provide some reference marks of history of ancient cosmologies (spherical and flat Earth) resulting from two distinct contexts, and to approach some aspects associated with Nature of Science (NOS).

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-04-01

19

The Future of Greek in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of Greek in the English school system is seen to be directly dependent on two major issues discussed in this paper. The author argues in the first instance for the teaching of Greek literature in translation, particularly to the non-specialist. The second issue of importance is treated in a review of program articulation and examination…

Handley, Carol

1967-01-01

20

Developing Greek Primary School Students' Critical Thinking through an Approach of Teaching Science which Incorporates Aspects of History of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the development of sixth grade students' critical thinking skills in science courses is discussed relatively to the contribution of the integration of aspects of History of Science into instruction. Towards this direction a project on electromagnetism was designed and implemented aiming to engage primary school students in a…

Malamitsa, Katerina; Kasoutas, Michael; Kokkotas, Panagiotis

2009-01-01

21

Pushed to the Margins--Sex and Relationships in Greek Primary Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Greek Government introduced sex and gender relationships education as a thematic unit for interdisciplinary Health Education activities. However, the diffusion of such programmes remains extremely limited. The present paper discusses how sex and relationships issues are presented in contemporary Greek primary school textbooks since…

Gerouki, Margarita

2008-01-01

22

Views of Nature and the Human-Nature Relations: An Analysis of the Visual Syntax of Pictures about the Environment in Greek Primary School Textbooks—Diachronic Considerations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores the function of the visual syntax of images in Greek primary school textbooks. By using a model for the formal analysis of the visual material, which will allow us to disclose the mechanisms through which meanings are manifested, our aim is to investigate the discursive transition relating to the view of nature and the human-nature relationship between two series of natural science textbooks. The model is applied to a total of 635 pictures; 434 coming from the old series of textbooks introduced in the early 1980s and 201 from the new introduced in 2006. The results show that a) no differences in the codes of the visual representation of nature or human-nature relationship were recorded between the two series of textbooks, b) the environmental rhetoric mediated by the pictorial material of the textbooks appears closer to its lay counterpart than to scientific rhetoric, c) both series of textbooks favor a viewer-picture relation which diverges from the epistemological (subject/object) ideas of the romantic worldview and comes closer to the baroque one that depicts the world as non-linear and disconnected, while gives more freedom to the viewer to proceed to subjective interpretations. Thus, we assert that the baroque approach adopted by both series of textbooks does not aim at the initiation of students to the highly conventionalized ways of expression, and ultimately to the formalized and scientific rhetoric. On the contrary, within a constructionist context, the textbooks' visual mode allows students to equally share power with a quite familiar world.

Lemoni, Rea; Lefkaditou, Ageliki; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Schizas, Dimitrios; Stamou, George P.

2013-02-01

23

Greek Day Education in and around Montreal: The Case for a Greek Trilingual High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of the education of Montreal's Greek population is traced in this report, which is partly intended to act as a stimulus for future planning and development. Six chapters contain, respectively: (1) a history of Greek day education in and around Montreal, from its origin in 1910 with the founding of the "Plato" school to its securing of…

Bombas, Leonidas C.

24

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us - A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Students' Programmed Text-Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student's programmed text for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

25

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us. A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Teacher's Guide - Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a teacher's guide for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the similarities and…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

26

Planning and Implementing an Educational Programme for the Smooth Transition from Kindergarten to Primary School: The Greek Project in All-Day Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from kindergarten to primary school constitutes a significant point in children's development, entailing definitive effects on their personality and the formation of their behaviour, but also on their school performance. Innovative Educational Programmes constitute a nodal point for the development of cooperation among the…

Carida, Helen Ch.

2011-01-01

27

Planning and implementing an educational programme for the smooth transition from kindergarten to primary school: the Greek project in all-day kindergartens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from kindergarten to primary school constitutes a significant point in children's development, entailing definitive effects on their personality and the formation of their behaviour, but also ontheir school performance. Innovative Educational Programmes constitute a nodal point for the development of cooperation among the educational institutions, aiming to facilitate the transition procedure. Based on the circular of the Ministry

Helen Ch. Carida

2011-01-01

28

"Romantic", "Classic" and "Baroque" Views of Nature: An Analysis of Pictures about the Environment in Greek Primary School Textbooks--Diachronic Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking the view that pictures are not a transparent but rather a deforming mirror of reality, shaping representations of the world bound up with the interests of the social institutions within which pictures are circulated and read, our aim is to explore what view of nature and of the human-nature relationship is built in Greek natural science…

Lemoni, Rea; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2011-01-01

29

Greek Secondary School Students' Views about Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to give a picture of Greek students' views about biology and some of the factors that affect them. A questionnaire measuring students' intrinsic motivation to learn biology, individual interest in biology and perceived difficulty of biology, along with information about students' gender, level, parents' occupation and educational…

Mavrikaki, Evangelia; Koumparou, Helen; Kyriakoudi, Margarita; Papacharalampous, Irene; Trimandili, Maria

2012-01-01

30

How Greek Teachers Perceive School Functioning of Pupils with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study Greek teachers assessed school functioning in 26 pupils with the possibility of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes, i.e. combined (C) type, inattentive (IA) type and hyperactive-impulsive (HI) type, and 26 controls. Results showed that C and IA pupils were evaluated as impaired in all areas of academic and…

Kakouros, Efthymios; Maniadaki, Katerina; Papaeliou, Christina

2004-01-01

31

The Integration of Traditional Greek Dance in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper researches the statutory educational regulations used as a foundation to introduce traditional Greek dance in the school curriculum and which transformed it into a taught subject with connections to the ideological-political and social conditions prevalent in Greece at the time. It particularly concerns the connection between the aims…

Gartzonika, Eleftheria

2013-01-01

32

Primary Education or Primary Schooling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There may be forces at work that recently have created barriers and restrictions within primary education. Indeed it could be argued that those forces have reduced the children's education to a more rigid and limiting primary schooling. This article explores the influence of target setting and testing, literacy and numeracy hours, American and…

Campbell, Robin

2005-01-01

33

The Anthropogenic `Greenhouse Effect': Greek Prospective Primary Teachers' Ideas About Causes, Consequences and Cures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores the ideas of Greek prospective primary teachers about the anthropogenic greenhouse effect, particularly about its causes, consequences and cures. For this purpose, a survey was conducted: 265 prospective teachers completed a closed-form questionnaire. The results showed serious misconceptions in all areas (causes, consequences and cures). The most prominent misconception found by this survey is the conflation between the greenhouse effect and the ozone layer depletion, which is widely reported in the literature. There is also the notion that `good things' (like clean beaches) can help ameliorate the greenhouse effect, whereas `bad things' (like insecticides) can enhance it. One of the secondary results of the survey is that prospective teachers' main source of information about the greenhouse effect is school. This calls for educational interventions to fight misconceptions at the source. Some suggestions are presented in this paper. The results of this study are compared with the results of two similar studies conducted in the UK and in Turkey.

Ikonomidis, Simos; Papanastasiou, Dimitris; Melas, Dimitris; Avgoloupis, Stavros

2012-12-01

34

Greek Mainstream Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions of Inclusive Education and of Having Pupils with Complex Learning Disabilities in the Classroom/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine Greek mainstream secondary school teachers' perceptions of inclusive education and of having pupils with complex learning disabilities (cLD) in the classroom or school. Participants included 138 Greek mainstream secondary school teachers working in inclusive state schools in northern Greece. Findings…

Coutsocostas, Georgia-Gloria; Alborz, Alison

2010-01-01

35

Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

2005-01-01

36

A Survey of Greek Elementary School Students' Smoking Habits and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the smoking habits of Greek elementary school students, their attitudes towards smoking, and their perceptions of the health consequences of tobacco use. Data were obtained from 1,092 elementary school students who completed a 24-item questionnaire designed for this study. Results indicated more older…

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Karagouni-Areou, Fotini; Triga, Anastasia; Piperakis, Alexander S.; Argyracouli, Efthimia; Thanou, Aggeliki; Papadimitriou, Basiliki; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos; Zafiropoulou, Maria

2007-01-01

37

A Survey of Greek Elementary School Students' Smoking Habits and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the smoking habits of Greek elementary school students, their attitudes towards smoking, and their perceptions of the health consequences of tobacco use. Data were obtained from 1,092 elementary school students who completed a 24-item questionnaire designed for this study. Results indicated more older students smoked than younger ones and boys significantly outnumbering

Stylianos M. Piperakis; Fotini Karagouni-Areou; Anastasia Triga; Alexander S. Piperakis; Efthimia Argyracouli; Aggeliki Thanou; Basiliki Papadimitriou; Konstantinos Gourgoulianis; Maria Zafiropoulou

38

Valuing English primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides the first empirical evidence for the UK on the effect of primary school performance on property prices. We find that, on average, a one percentage point increase in the neighbourhood proportion of children reaching the government-specified target grade pushes up neighbourhood property prices by 0.67%. At 2000 property prices, we calculate the social valuation of a sustained

Steve Gibbons; Stephen Machin

2003-01-01

39

Primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies in first degree relatives of Greek primary biliary cirrhosis patients  

PubMed Central

AIM: To determine the prevalence and significance of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)-specific autoantibodies in first-degree relatives (FDRs) of Greek PBC patients. METHODS: The presence of antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) and PBC-specific antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were determined using indirect immunofluorescence assays, dot-blot assays, and molecularly based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in 101 asymptomatic for liver-related symptoms FDRs of 44 PBC patients. In order to specify our results, the same investigation was performed in 40 healthy controls and in a disease control group consisting of 40 asymptomatic for liver-related symptoms FDRs of patients with other autoimmune liver diseases namely, autoimmune hepatitis-1 or primary sclerosing cholangitis (AIH-1/PSC). RESULTS: AMA positivity was observed in 19 (only 4 with abnormal liver function tests) FDRs of PBC patients and none of the healthy controls. The prevalence of AMA was significantly higher in FDRs of PBC patients than in AIH-1/PSC FDRs and healthy controls [18.8%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 12%-28.1% vs 2.5%, 95% CI: 0.1%-14.7%, P = 0.01; 18.8%, 95% CI: 12%-28.1% vs 0%, 95% CI: 0%-10.9%, P = 0.003, respectively]. PBC-specific ANA positivity was observed in only one FDR from a PSC patient. Multivariate analysis showed that having a proband with PBC independently associated with AMA positivity (odds ratio: 11.24, 95% CI: 1.27-25.34, P = 0.03) whereas among the investigated comorbidities and risk factors, a positive past history for urinary tract infections (UTI) was also independently associated with AMA detection in FDRs of PBC patients (odds ratio: 3.92, 95% CI: 1.25-12.35, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: In FDRs of Greek PBC patients, AMA prevalence is significantly increased and independently associated with past UTI. PBC-specific ANA were not detected in anyone of PBC FDRs.

Zografos, Theodoros A; Gatselis, Nikolaos; Zachou, Kalliopi; Liaskos, Christos; Gabeta, Stella; Koukoulis, George K; Dalekos, George N

2012-01-01

40

Constructing Childhood: Discourses about School Violence in the Greek Daily Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the construction of discourses about childhood in the Greek daily press. It employs the theoretical frameworks of the new sociology of childhood and critical discourse analysis to question which discourses of childhood are constructed in the daily press presenting cases where children were the victimisers in school violent…

Avgitidou, Sofia; Stamou, Anastasia G.

2013-01-01

41

Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of a Resilience Measure in Greek Elementary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to adapt the Resilience Youth Development Module (RYDM) and assess its psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency and convergent validity in Greek elementary students. Participants (N = 346) completed a battery of self-report questionnaires, including the RYDM, School Connectedness Scale, and Strengths and…

Nearchou, Finiki A.; Stogiannidou, Ariadni; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris

2014-01-01

42

Defining and Classifying in Classroom Discourse: Some Evidence from Greek Pre-School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subscribing to Systemic Functional Linguistics approach, this paper examines aspects of decontextualised language, such as classification and definitions, in Greek pre-school instructional contexts. Following the assumption that such decontextualised uses are considered critical to the transition from commonsense to educational knowledge, we…

Kondyli, Marianna; Lykou, Christina

2008-01-01

43

Language Learning Down Under: Community Language Programs in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the second-language and native language maintenance programs of Brunswick North Primary School (Australia), a school that offers its students opportunities to learn Turkish, Italian, Greek, or Arabic. An integrated curriculum ensures that students acquire or maintain a language other than English. (SLD)

Corsetti, Maria

1993-01-01

44

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Greek school-aged children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study, which was part of the Health Behavior in School Aged Children (HBSC) study, was to provide national estimates for overweight and obesity in Greek school-aged children and adolescents. A nationwide multistage procedure was followed to obtain a representative sample of children and adolescents aged 11.5, 13.5 and 15.5 y. The resultant sample consisted of

D Karayiannis; M Yannakoulia; M Terzidou; L S Sidossis; A Kokkevi

2003-01-01

45

Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was the application of a year-long intervention program, in typical Greek physical education school classes, which aimed to change motivational climate, goal orientations, motivation, and students' attitudes toward exercise and nutrition. Participants in the intervention program included 105 Grade-10 students, and 529 students of the same age took part as a control grou|pImmediately after the

Triantafylos Christodoulidis; Athanasios Papaioannou; Nikolaos Digelidis

2001-01-01

46

Visual representations of the internet in greek school textbooks and students’ experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our research is concerned with the visual representations found in textbooks used for the teaching of the Internet in Greek\\u000a secondary schools. Visualization, as both the product and the process of creation, interpretation and reflection upon pictures\\u000a and images, is considered here to be very important, as it is the only way students gain insight into the nature and function

Vasiliki Spiliotopoulou-Papantoniou; Anthi Karatrantou; Chris Panagiotakopoulos; Gerasimos Koustourakis

2009-01-01

47

Analysis of the New Physics Textbook for the 9th Grade of the Greek Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the following paper we analyze the new textbook of Physics for the 9th grade (last year of compulsory education) of Greek schools. For this analysis, we use the framework that was developed by Koulaidis, B., Dimopoulos, K., Sklaveniti S., Xristidou B. (2002) The emphasis of this analysis is not in the content of the book, but in the transformation of scientific knowledge to school knowledge, the way the distinction of scientific and everyday knowledge is presented in the book and the pedagogic relations between teachers and students that the book implies. A limited comparison with the previous textbook is also presented.

Kountouriotis, Georgios

2010-01-01

48

Eveline Lowe Primary School, London.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin describes a London primary school designed by a team of architects and educators. Information is provided regarding the initial investigation carried out by the group, the organization of the school, the design of buildings and furniture, and the cost analysis. Many photographs, floor prints, illustrations, equipment listings, and…

Department of Education and Science, London (England).

49

A Paradigm of Information Literacy for Greek High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the level of information literacy skills in high school teachers and the extent of information literacy instruction in the western province of Thessaloniki. A census survey was conducted, which resulted in 500 structured questionnaires that were processed and analysed statistically using multivariate methods. The findings…

Korobili, Stella; Malliari, Aphrodite; Daniilidou, Eugenia; Christodoulou, George

2011-01-01

50

NT 500 Concise Greek  

Microsoft Academic Search

(1) Black, David Alan Black. Learn to Read New Testament Greek. Expanded edition; Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1994. Learn. This is our primary text and must be studied with great care. (2) Black, David Alan. It’s Still Greek to Me: An Easy-to-Understand Guide to Intermediate Greek. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1998. ISGM. This is our secondary text. It is actually

Kevin L. Anderson

2005-01-01

51

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

2011-01-01

52

Cognitive and Socio-Affective Outcomes of Project-Based Learning: Perceptions of Greek Second Chance School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present questionnaire-based study was conducted in 2010 in order to examine 677 Greek Second Chance School (SCS) students' perceptions about the cognitive and socio-affective outcomes of project-based learning. Data elaboration, statistical and factor analysis showed that the participants found that project-based learning offered a second…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Karageorgou, Elissavet

2013-01-01

53

WHY NOT GREEK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BECAUSE A KNOWLEDGE OF CLASSICAL GREEK IS NECESSARY FOR UNDERSTANDING MODERN THOUGHT AND LITERATURE, IT SHOULD BE PART OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. A PROBLEM IS GETTING TEACHERS OF GREEK, AND PROBABLY MOST OF THE TEACHING SHOULD BE DONE BY COLLEGE PROFESSORS WHO TEACH THE HIGHLY MOTIVATED STUDENTS IN THE HIGH SCHOOL. AN ELEMENTARY COURSE…

SHRIVER, JOHN R.

54

Gambling among primary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies the gambling behavior of 1,320 primary school students aged 8 to 12 of the 4th, 5th and 6th grades. Eighty-six percent admitted to having, at some time or another, bet money. Lotteries are the most popular form of gambling for this age group. Sixty-one percent of these students gamble with lotteries. In descending order of popularity, other

Robert Ladouceur; Dominique Dubé; Annie Bujold

1994-01-01

55

Defining physicians' readiness to screen and manage intimate partner violence in Greek primary care settings.  

PubMed

The current article aims to translate the PREMIS (Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence) survey into the Greek language and test its validity and reliability in a sample of primary care physicians. The validation study was conducted in 2010 and involved all the general practitioners serving two adjacent prefectures of Greece (n = 80). Maximum-likelihood factor analysis (MLF) was used to extract key survey factors. The instrument was further assessed for the following psychometric properties: (a) scale reliability, (b) item-specific reliability, (c) test-retest reliability, (d) scale construct validity, and (e) internal predictive validity. The MLF analysis of 23 opinion items revealed a seven-factor solution (preparation, constraint, workplace issues, screening, self-efficacy, alcohol/drugs, victim understanding), which was statistically sound (p = .293). Most of the newly derived scales displayed satisfactory internal consistency (? ? .60), high item-specific reliability, strong construct, and internal predictive validity (F = 2.82; p = .004), and high repeatability when retested with 20 individuals (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] > .70). The tool was found appropriate to facilitate the identification of competence deficits and the evaluation of training initiatives. PMID:22158688

Papadakaki, Maria; Prokopiadou, Dimitra; Petridou, Eleni; Kogevinas, Manolis; Lionis, Christos

2012-06-01

56

"Intelligent" Primary School Project in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construction work is about to begin on a new "intelligent" primary school for 300 students (later to be expanded for 600) in the Municipality of Solaro in the province of Milan. This is the first primary school building in Italy designed according to the principles of the "intelligent school" as defined by the Centre for Educational Innovation and…

Ponti, Giorgio

2007-01-01

57

Effective Intervention in Primary Schools: Nurture Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book summarizes the experiences of nurture groups (small special education classes started in 1970 in London schools), where young children from disadvantaged environments are prepared to access the full primary school curriculum. Chapter 1, "Children at Risk of Failure in Primary Schools" (Marion Bennathan), discusses the incidence and early…

Bennathan, Marion; Boxall, Marjorie

58

Primary School Leadership Today and Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides a retrospective and prospective view of primary school leadership. It begins with an analytic description of primary school leadership in the recent past. The second part looks at school leadership today, identifies contemporary issues and examines role continuities and changes. The third part looks at what the future might…

Southworth, Geoff

2008-01-01

59

Management Philosophies of Primary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed to determine the management philosophies of primary school principals. Stratification method of sampling was used in the study. The study sample consisted of 33 school principals and 132 teachers serving at primary education schools in Isparta in the academic year 2008-2009. The "Manager Philosophy Scale" developed by Tanriogen and…

Tas, Said

2011-01-01

60

A Local Evaluation of Primary School French  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A local study concludes that primary school French does not confer a lasting advantage but its contribution lies in the enlargement of interest rather that as a preparation for secondary school work. (JB)

Nisbet, J. D.; Welsh, Jennifer

1972-01-01

61

Measuring Greek and Greek-Cypriot Students' Phonological Awareness Skills: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a new Greek phonological awareness test for preschool and primary school age children (ages 5-7) in Greece and Cyprus. A new phonological awareness test with 168 items was individually administered to 132 students (60 students in Cyprus and 72 students in Greece) from five urban, five semi-rural, and three…

Triga, Anastassia; Kakopsitou, Polina

2010-01-01

62

Students' Perceptions Regarding Reputation of Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate students' perceptions regarding reputation of primary schools and to interpret the differences among the students' perceptions. Descriptive survey research has been made in this study. The sample consists of 258 students who have been trained at primary schools. Data were collected by using a questionnaire…

Karakose, Turgut; Kocabas, Ibrahim

2007-01-01

63

Improving Primary Science: Schools Experience of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides insight into a school's experience of improving its science with the School Innovation in Science (SIS) project. Describes major elements and critical parts of the SIS project. Discusses outcomes of the project in primary schools, teachers' open responses from the component mapping survey, and understanding the change process. (KHR)

Tytler, Russell; Waldrip, Bruce

2002-01-01

64

The introduction of medical humanities in the undergraduate curriculum of Greek medical schools: challenge and necessity.  

PubMed

Background and Aim: Medical humanities is a multidisciplinary field, consisting of humanities (theory of literature and arts, philosophy, ethics, history and theology), social sciences (anthropology, psychology and sociology) and arts (literature, theater, cinema, music and visual arts), integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of Medical schools. The aim of the present study is to discuss medical humanities and support the necessity of introduction of a medical humanities course in the curriculum of Greek medical schools.Materials, Methods and Results: Through the relevant Pub-Med search as well as taking into account various curricula of medical schools, it is evident that medical education today is characterized by acquisition of knowledge and skills and development of medical values and attitudes. Clinical observation with the recognition of key data and patterns in the collected information, is crucial in the final medical decision, i.e. in the complex process, through which doctors accumulate data, reach conclusions and decide on therapy. All sciences included in medical humanities are important for the high quality education of future doctors. The practice of Medicine is in large an image-related science. The history of anatomy and art are closely related, already from the Renaissance time. Studies have shown that attendance of courses on art critics improves the observational skills of medical students. Literature is the source of information about the nature and source of human emotions and behavior and of narratives of illness, and increases imagination. Philosophy aids in the development of analytical and synthetical thinking. Teaching of history of medicine develops humility and aids in avoiding the repetition of mistakes of the past, and quite often raises research and therapeutic skepticism. The comprehension of medical ethics and professional deontology guides the patient-doctor relationship, as well as the relations between physicians and their colleagues. The Medical Humanities course, which is already integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of many medical schools of Europe, USA and Australia, includes lectures by experts and students presentations on the above-mentioned areas and could be offered, for a semester, during the first years.Conclusion: The aim of Medical Humanities course is the development of imagination and interpretation of data through analytical complex procedures, the development of skills of close observation and careful interpretation of the patient "language" and the enhancement of empathy for the patients, as well as the development of the physician-patient relationship and finally the conceptualization/construction of personal and professional values. PMID:21311630

Batistatou, A; Doulis, E A; Tiniakos, D; Anogiannaki, A; Charalabopoulos, K

2010-10-01

65

Intervention Research on School Bullying in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intervention research on school bullying was conducted in a primary school with an action research method. After conducting a five-week intervention program, the occurrence ratio of being bullied on the way to school and back home and the degree to which children were bullied dropped significantly, but the rate of reduction in grade three was…

Ju, Yucui; Wang, Shuqiong; Zhang, Wenxin

2009-01-01

66

Distributing Leadership in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advice on improving schools has centred on the distribution of responsibilities within schools. Whilst the focus of leadership in schools has traditionally been upon the Headteacher, there are now strong arguments to support a greater participation in leadership from teachers (Gold "et al", 2003). This article reports on interviews…

Hammersley-Fletcher, Linda

2005-01-01

67

Association of MMP-1 -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism with primary knee osteoarthritis in the Greek population.  

PubMed

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis with still unknown pathogenic etiology and considerable contribution of genetic factors. One of the mechanisms of cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis is enzymatic proteolysis of the extracellular matrix by metalloproteinases. MMP-1, produced by chondrocytes and synovial cells, is a major proteinase of the MMPs family. The present study aims at evaluating the association of MMP1 gene -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism with primary knee osteoarthritis in the Greek population. One hundred fifty five patients with primary symptomatic knee osteoarthritis participated in the study along with 139 controls. Genotypes were determined using PCR-RLFP technique. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were compared between both study groups. There was no significant association between MMP1 -1607 1G/2G polymorphism and knee osteoarthritis, in crude analysis; however, after multiple logistic regression analysis, 1G/2G was associated with reduced odds of knee osteoarthritis by 75% in males, compared to genotypes 1G/1G?+?2G/2G, adjusting for age and BMI (adjusted OR: 0.25, 95% CI: 0.069, 0.910, p?=?0.035). The present study shows that MMP1 -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism might be a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis susceptibility in the Greek population. Further investigations are needed to confirm this association in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:1155-1160, 2014. PMID:24838892

Lepetsos, Panagiotis; Pampanos, Andreas; Kanavakis, Emmanouil; Tzetis, Maria; Korres, Dimitrios; Papavassiliou, Athanasios G; Efstathopoulos, Nicolaos

2014-09-01

68

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

69

Teaching Astronomy in the Primary School.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is argued that teaching astronomy in primary school is useful, apart from its intrinsic interest, since it can help develop an understanding and familiarity with scientific methods of enquiry, also the use of libraries and other reference materials. Th...

P. J. Pennington

1986-01-01

70

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

71

Revisiting Primary School Dropout in Rural Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies on school dropout in Cambodia often used data from subjects after they already dropped out or statistics from education-related institutions. Using data from children in two rural provinces before they dropped out, this study examines four main factors in order to identify their influence on primary school dropout in Cambodia.…

No, Fata; Sam, Chanphirun; Hirakawa, Yukiko

2012-01-01

72

New Opportunities for Change in Primary Schooling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of recent evidence from Africa, Central America, and Asia, examines why rural parents in developing nations do or do not send children to primary school when compulsory education cannot be enforced. Considers economic aims, literary values, testing, and negative school attitudes in small areas of five countries. (SB)

Oxenham, John

1984-01-01

73

Health Activities for Primary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual targets new and second-year Peace Corps volunteers, presenting health lessons and activities for primary school students in Thailand. Each section of the manual outlines basic technical information about the topic, contains several detailed lesson plans, and lists quick activities that can be carried out at schools. Songs and recipes…

Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

74

Do Inspections Improve Primary School Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the effect of Dutch primary school inspections on test scores. These inspections are assessments of the educational quality of schools. The authors use two approaches to estimate the effect of the inspections. The first approach, based on a standard fixed effects model, indicates that inspections lead to slightly better…

Luginbuhl, Rob; Webbink, Dinand; de Wolf, Inge

2009-01-01

75

Synergy through Teamwork: Sharing Primary School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually all British secondary (high) schools and many primary (elementary) schools feature what is called a senior management team (SMT), typically consisting of the headteacher (principal), one or more deputy heads (vice principals), and other teachers. To explore how SMTs are working, a survey questionnaire was mailed to 150 headteachers in…

Wallace, Mike

76

Advisory Teacher Service in Queensland Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to obtain information about how advisory teachers and persons within schools perceive the operation of the Advisory Teacher Service inaugurated in the Queensland State Department of Education in 1970. The service was provided so that advisory teachers would visit primary schools on invitation of the principal and help…

Varley, Peter J.; Cumming, Joy

77

Asthma, wheezing, and school absence in primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of wheezing, 'asthma', treatment for 'asthma', and school absence as a result of wheezing in Nottingham was calculated from a questionnaire survey of parents of 4750 children in a random sample of primary schools. A response was achieved for 3805 (80%) children of whom 438 (11.5%) had had episodes of wheezing in the last year and 224 (5.9%)

R A Hill; P J Standen; A E Tattersfield

1989-01-01

78

Pronunciation Issues and EIL Pedagogy in the Periphery: A Survey of Greek State School Teachers' Beliefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a survey of Greek EFL teachers' (N = 421) attitudes regarding their pronunciation beliefs and practices. It touches on two sets of questions. First, it refers to teachers' viewpoints regarding pronunciation-specific issues and the possible links between pronunciation teaching, English as an international language (EIL), and…

Sifakis, Nicos C.; Sougari, Areti-Maria

2005-01-01

79

Creative Teachers in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is based on research focusing on "creative teaching" in the British National Curriculum. The aim has been to test and fill out the concept of creative teaching in a wider range of schools and with teachers working in markedly different circumstances than before the 1988 Education Reform Act, which established a National Curriculum in…

Woods, Peter

80

STREAMING IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor Lynn suggests that two investigations carried out by Dr. Barker Lunn have yielded inconsistent results: the first (cross?sectional) study showed that the attainment of children in streamed schools was superior and the second (longitudinal) study showed that streamed children did better on one set of tests and unstreamed children did better on a parallel set of tests. He suggests

R. Lynn; Susan L. Hampson; Joan C. Barker Lunn; Jill M. Tarryer

1971-01-01

81

Primary Schooling in West Bengal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With his Nobel Prize award money, Amartya Sen set up the Pratichi Trust which carries out research, advocacy and experimental projects in basic education, primary health care, and women's development in West Bengal and Bangladesh. Professor Sen himself took active interest in this work--helping set the agenda, looking at the evidence from…

Sen, Amartya

2010-01-01

82

Health Education for Youth in Primary Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the U.S. full scale attention is being directed to personal choice health behavior as a major component of primary prevention to deal with current disease and disability problems. The purpose of this presentation is to describe two innovative school he...

R. Davis

1979-01-01

83

Television Distribution System for Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers a 12-month study and actual trial of a video distribution system for a primary school. It consisted of a main aerial distribution into a distribution junction box which also took video cassette recorders. The whole system was designed to distribute both in RF and video frequencies. Some ways of using the system have also been…

South Australia Education Dept., Adelaide.

84

Data and Dialogue in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many primary school teachers will have not heard of the data-handling cycle as set out in the English Key Stage 3 (UK ages 11-14) curriculum. This article argues that with a little adjustment, it could become the defining model for a holistic and dialogical approach to data handling at Key Stage 2 (UK ages 7-11).

Paramore, John

2011-01-01

85

The Role of the Primary School Head.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses Henry Mintzberg's structural observation method to examine British primary school head teachers' work patterns and determine the nature of their role. Head teachers' days were characterized by brevity, variety, and fragmentation similar to those discussed in findings of other empirical managerial studies. Leadership roles stressed…

Davies, Lester

1987-01-01

86

Problems and Investigations in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series, this booklet and related programs have been developed to help primary school teachers in England introduce problem solving and investigatory activities to their pupils. The theory of problem solving which underlies the views in this booklet is that of Professor Keith Jackson, director of the Bulmershe-Comino Problem Solving…

Govier, Heather; Bake, Charles

87

Planning Guidelines for Primary Schools, Issue 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide, reflecting recent changes in the educational system in Ireland, offers guidelines for designing primary schools that need to provide additional space for the growing range of teaching and support services. It addresses increased sizes of general purpose rooms, extra floor area provision for classroom storage, administration,…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

88

Being a Foreigner in Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents how the identity of the foreign student is interactionally produced in the course of ordinary educational activities. Through a detailed discourse analysis within an ethnomethodological framework, shows instances of the social production of primary school students as "foreign" in and through the interaction with other students, the…

Paoletti, Isabella

2000-01-01

89

Are Standards Rising in English Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The officially reported impressive rises in standards in mathematics and English in primary schools since 1995 are challenged. The article looks at the increases from four different perspectives. First, the general pattern of change is considered. Secondly, the statutory test data are compared with the results from several different studies. These…

Tymms, Peter

2004-01-01

90

Groupwork with Computers in British Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In British primary schools, it is unusual to find more than one computer in a classroom. As a result, children are assigned to small groups to use the computer. This research reported here sought to explore the characteristics of groupwork with computers and to provide guidance to teachers on computer use issues. This paper summarizes work from…

Eraut, Michael

91

Primary School English Teachers' Research Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research engagement is an important means for teachers to develop their professional competence. This paper reports on an enquiry into the research engagement of a group of primary school English language teachers in Guangdong province on the Chinese mainland. Drawing on questionnaire data and teachers' interview narratives, the paper examines how…

Gao, Xuesong; Chow, Alice Wai Kwan

2012-01-01

92

Are standards rising in English primary schools?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The officially reported impressive rises in standards in mathematics and English in primary schools since 1995 are challenged. The article looks at the increases from four different perspectives. First, the general pattern of change is considered. Secondly, the statutory test data are compared with the results from several different studies. These indicate a complex pattern with clear rises in standards,

Peter Tymms

2004-01-01

93

Awareness of Autism in Primary School Teachers  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease.

Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

94

Greek-Turkish Crises since 1955. Implications for Greek-Turkish Conflict Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Past attempts to explain Greek-Turkish conflict have been built on two underlying themes. One theme focuses on incompatible Greek and Turkish interests while the other identifies cultural and social differences between the two countries as the primary cau...

P. Lymberis

1997-01-01

95

"Good Practice" School Advisors in Greek Education: The Difficulty in Linking Collaborative Networks, Communities of Practice and Quality Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality in education is considered to be a central aim as far as the formation and the implementation of educational policy worldwide is concerned. The basic prerequisite for it, though, is quality culture. Collaborative networks between school advisors and primary school teachers are examined to reveal how they can affect the formation of…

Stamelos, Georgios; Bartzakli, Marianna

2013-01-01

96

Ability Grouping Practices in the Primary School: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys how British primary schools group their students for different school subjects, such as according to class ability or mixed ability grouping. Finds that most schools used the class ability groupings, either in mixed or ability groupings. Includes references. (CMK)

Hallam, Susan; Ireson, Judith; Lister, Veronica; Chaudhury, Indrani Andon; Davies, Jane

2003-01-01

97

‘Commitment’ and Motivation in Primary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of the use made by ninety?three primary school teachers of the word ‘commitment’ revealed that they were using it in four different senses??as caring, a concern for occupational competence, personal identification as ‘teacher’, and career?continuance. The first two involve a readiness to devote personal resources (e.g. time, money) to work; the last two suggest an intention to make a

Jennifer Nias

1981-01-01

98

Health services management in primary schools (Elazig city sample)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary school children have low resistance to diseases. In order to live a healthy life, they should be equipped with health literacy skills. Effective primary school health services can only be achieved with the collaboration of related parties. Turkish schools generally do not employ permanent health personnel, and school health services are generally taken to be synonymous with health screening.

I. Bak?r Arabaci

2009-01-01

99

Teachers’ Culture in an English Primary School: continuity and change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses ethnographic data to investigate the impact of recent government legislation on primary school teachers. The reactions of one inner city primary school are reported in detail. It is argued that primary schools have distinctive cultures and these shape the response to the legislation. The relationship is dynamic as the legislation also influences the culture. The headteacher's role

Sandra Acker

1990-01-01

100

Users and Experts: Greek Primary Teachers' Views about Boys, Girls, ICTs and Computing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine primary teachers' views about the abilities and personality characteristics of boys and girls relative to information and communication technologies (ICTs) and computing, and to explore the relationship of teachers' gender-stereotyped views with teachers' gender, age, computer experience and self-efficacy…

Vekiri, Ioanna

2013-01-01

101

Medication Management in Primary and Secondary Schools  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify whether and how pharmacy faculty members are addressing the issue of medication management in primary or secondary schools in their teaching, research, and service activities, and to ascertain the extent to which they think the issue is an important one. Methods Four hundred ninety-nine faculty members completed a questionnaire inquiring about the research, teaching, and service activities in which they participated that related to medication management in schools. Results Only 33 subjects (6.6%) addressed the topic of medication management in schools in their courses; only 13 (2.6%) conducted research on the topic; and only 30 (6%) were involved in service in this area. On the other hand, 432 respondents (86.6%) believed that the issue of medication management in schools was either somewhat or extremely important. Conclusions There is a large gap between the number of subjects that think medication management in schools is an important topic and the number who actually include the topic in teaching, research, and or service.

Reutzel, Thomas; Watkins, Melissa

2006-01-01

102

Quality Control in Primary Schools: Progress from 2001-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of research into the quality control (QC) of schools from 2001-2006. In 2001 several targets for QC were set and the progress of 939 primary schools is presented. Furthermore, using cluster analysis, schools are classified into four QC-types that differ in their focus on school (self) evaluation and school

Hofman, Roelande H.; de Boom, Jan; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2010-01-01

103

Replicating impact of a primary school HIV prevention programme: primary school action for better health, Kenya.  

PubMed

School-based programmes to combat the spread of HIV have been demonstrated to be effective over the short-term when delivered on a small scale. The question addressed here is whether results obtained with small-scale delivery are replicable in large-scale roll-out. Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), a programme to train teachers to deliver HIV-prevention education in upper primary-school grades in Kenya demonstrated positive impact when tested in Nyanza Province. This article reports pre-, 10-month post- and 22-month post-training results as PSABH was delivered in five additional regions of the country. A total of 26 461 students from 110 primary schools in urban and rural, middle- and low-income settings participated in this repeated cross-sectional study. Students ranged in age from 11 to 16 years, were predominantly Christian (10% Muslim), and the majority were from five different ethnic groups. Results demonstrated positive gains in knowledge, self-efficacy related to changes in sexual behaviours and condom use, acceptance of HIV+ students, endorsement of HIV-testing and behaviours to post-pone sexual debut or decrease sexual activity. These results are as strong as or stronger than those demonstrated in the original impact evaluation conducted in Nyanza Province. They support the roll-out of the programme across Kenyan primary schools. PMID:23962492

Maticka-Tyndale, E; Mungwete, R; Jayeoba, O

2014-08-01

104

Greek Grammar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some may view ancient Greek as a "dead language", this informative and edifying website proves that the language is far from dead, and that there much to be gained through close consideration of this magisterial language. Created and maintained by Professor Marc Huys, a faculty member of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium, the site serves as a clearinghouse of available online resources for studying ancient Greek. Throughout the site's various areas, Professor Huys has reviewed each individual resource and provided a brief description of its contents and also assigned a rating to each distinct resource. Some of these topical areas include reviews of sites on Greek fonts, systematic grammar, history of the Greek language, and dictionaries. The site is rounded out by a "What's New?" area which contains information about the latest additions to the site.

105

Early Intervention and Prevention for Children Excluded from Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, the problem of school exclusion in England has reached a crisis point. Figures on permanent exclusions from primary, secondary and special schools in England show that for 1996/97, 12 700 children were excluded. Among these, 12% were pupils permanently excluded from primary schools. When the present Labour Government came to…

Panayiotopoulos, Christos; Kerfoot, Michael

2007-01-01

106

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

107

"Playground Pals" and Peer Mediation at Benarty Primary School, Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benarty Primary School is situated in Lochore, Fife, Scotland. The school is proactive in developing self regulation; restorative and nurturing approaches. It aims to build resilience in all of its children, staff and families. Playground Pals have been established at Benarty Primary School since 2009 and as part of that programme, there have been…

Gallacher, Karen

2011-01-01

108

Exploring the Socio-Politics of the Greek Debt Crisis in a Primary Art Classroom: A Political Cartooning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an event-driven case study which took the form of a curriculum intervention in order to examine how a class of fifth-graders understood, interpreted and commented visually on the Greek debt crisis. Considering art education as a safe place where students can critically investigate through relevant visual culture genres…

Christopoulou, Martha

2013-01-01

109

Prospective Primary School Teachers' Misconceptions about States of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify prospective primary school teachers' misconceptions about the states of matter. The sample of the study was 227 fourth-year prospective primary school teachers in a Department of Primary Education in Turkey. Researcher asked from every participant to write a response to an open ended question about…

Tatar, Erdal

2011-01-01

110

Records of Achievement in Primary Schools: Some Emerging Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings of University of Bristol's Primary Records of Achievement Project. Discusses strategies for developing primary school records of achievement (ROAs), examining four examples of how local education authorities (LEAs) have implemented ROAs in primary schools in England. Presents six substantive issues emerging from research on…

Broadfoot, Patricia; Grant, Mary

1990-01-01

111

Reflective Teaching Practices in Turkish Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study is to explore the prevalence of reflective teaching practices among Turkish primary school teachers. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the study. The sample was composed of 328 primary school teachers working in 30 primary education institutions in the town of Antakya in the province of…

Tok, Sukran; Dolapcioglu, Sevda Dogan

2013-01-01

112

Changing Teaching and Learning in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this topical book, leading academics in primary education evaluate New Labour's Education policy. They draw on the findings of the latest research to discuss the impact of policies on primary school practice and on the views and experiences of primary school teachers and pupils. Current issues and initiatives are analyzed to identify the extent…

Webb, Rosemary, Ed.

2006-01-01

113

In-school and out-of-school physical activity in primary and secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to compare in-school and out-of-school physical activity within a representative sample. Socio-demographic, physical activity, and anthropometric data were collected from a random sample of children (250 boys, 253 girls) aged 3–16 years attending nine primary and two secondary schools. Actigraph GT1M accelerometers, worn for seven days, were used to estimate physical activity levels for

Christopher J. Gidlow; Tom Cochrane; Rachel Davey; Hannah Smith

2008-01-01

114

Religion, Interculturalism and Science in an English Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to show how a set of values associated with the Christian character of an English primary school support aspects of the science curriculum. Data are obtained from the chair of governors and school documents.

Coulby, David

2008-01-01

115

Spelling Performance and Semantic Understanding of Compound Words by Greek Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed to investigate the spelling performance and the semantic understanding of compound words by 103 Greek primary school children (first through sixth grade). The experimental group comprised of 25 children with spelling difficulties and compared with a control group of 78 children of typical development. Children were asked to spell…

Tsesmeli, Styliani N.; Koutselaki, Despoina

2013-01-01

116

Greek Zombies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the possibility that the human mind underwent substantial changes in recent history. Assuming that consciousness is a substantial trait of the mind, the paper focuses on the suggestion made by Julian Jaynes that the Mycenean Greeks had a “bicameral” mind instead of a conscious one. The suggestion is commonly dismissed as patently absurd, for instance by critics

Jan Sleutels

2006-01-01

117

A Primary School Design Workbook for Humid Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, summarizing the major points relating to the particular type of educational building design for primary schools in humid tropical Asia, is basically a check list and a source of reference intended to remind the architect, engineer, or technician of the main points to be considered in the design of primary schools, and to give…

Vickery, D. J.

118

Teaching Evolution in Primary Schools: An Example in French Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching evolution in primary schools is important for spreading evolutionary knowledge and scientific methodology. Through\\u000a constructing simple interrelationship trees, pupils gain scientific knowledge, scientific methodology, and argumentation skills.\\u000a Activities conducted in French primary schools are described in this paper.

Bruno Chanet; François Lusignan

2009-01-01

119

Open Primary Education School Students' Opinions about Mathematics Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine open primary education school students' opinions about mathematics television programmes. This study indicated that to determine differences among open primary education school students' opinions about mathematics television programmes point of view students' characteristics like gender, age, grade,…

Yenilmez, Kursat

2008-01-01

120

Supervision Beliefs of Primary School Supervisors in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine and assess the beliefs of primary school supervisors on supervision. Data for the survey model were gathered using the "Supervision beliefs scale". In the present study, 300 primary school supervisors were contacted, using a random sampling method. According to the results obtained, it was seen that the…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat; Oguz, Ebru

2009-01-01

121

Primary School Leadership in England: Policy, Practice, and Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews contemporary theorizing on school leadership, highlighting transformational styles, and overviews (British) governmental policies for school leadership and improvement. Reviews current research on primary heads' views of the headship. Although the primary headship is being transformed, it is not becoming transformational. Policymakers have…

Southworth, Geoff

1999-01-01

122

Primary School Buildings in Asia: Administration, Facilities and Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary school buildings of the Asian Member States of UNESCO are evaluated in this study, which is in three parts--(1) a statement of the purposes and procedures of the study, with comments and recommendations relating to the primary school situation, (2) a detailed analysis of the replies to the questionnaire which was utilized, and (3) a…

Soriano, Domingo

123

History Education in the Primary Schools of Lesotho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an overview of the chequered nature of history education in Lesotho primary schools. It highlights the nineteenth century missionary-led, humble beginnings and goals of formal education, which did not change much during almost a century of British colonial rule. The thrust of the study is that Lesotho primary schools currently teach…

Ntabeni, Mary N.

2010-01-01

124

Commercial Activities in Primary Schools: A Quantitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commercialisation of schools is a controversial issue, but very little is known about the actual situation in UK schools. The aim of this study was to investigate, with particular reference to health education and health promotion, commercial activities and their regulation in primary schools in the Yorkshire and Humber region of the UK. A…

Raine, Gary

2007-01-01

125

Teacher Evaluation Practices in Malaysian Primary Schools: Issues and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a qualitative case study that investigated the underlying issues in implementing school-based teacher evaluation practices in four Malaysian primary schools. The participants of the study comprised eight school administrators and sixteen teachers. Data obtained through interviews, observations, and document reviews were…

Malakolunthu, Suseela; Vasudevan, Vasundhara

2012-01-01

126

Target Setting in Primary Schools: The Big Squeeze  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a research project completed in 2000 which examined the processes involved in target-setting in primary schools and its relationship to school improvement. It seeks to identify the stages of the process and to describe a range of teaching staff involvement in its management. The findings indicate that in general schools

Bremner, Ian; Cartwright, David

2004-01-01

127

Do local contributions affect the efficiency of public primary schools?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are public schools that rely on local resources for a greater share of their financing more cost-effective? Could financial decentralization lead to more efficient schools? This paper attempts to answer these questions using cost, financial sources and student achievement data from Philippine primary schools, which are financed primarily from central sources but which also raise funds from other sources, to

Emmanuel Jimenez; Vicente Paqueo

1996-01-01

128

Design Considerations for Construction of Rural Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Widely differing local conditions, increased community participation in education, more lifelong education, and decentralization of schools are factors which should affect the architecture of rural primary schools in Pakistan. Also significant are the results of a 1977 survey which indicate that building quality is unrelated to school attendance…

Siddiqui, Kalim A.; And Others

129

Examining the Relationship between Teacher Organizational Commitment and School Health in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between teachers' perceptions of organizational commitment and school health in Turkish primary schools. The Organizational Commitment Scale and the Organizational Health Inventory were used to gather data from 323 randomly selected teachers employed in 20 primary schools in Ankara.…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

130

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

131

Primary School Sex Education Programs: Views and experiences of teachers in four primary schools in Sydney, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This small-scale study draws on qualitative data from four government primary schools in Sydney, Australia to investigate the sex education given to grade five and six primary school children by their teachers. This article explores the sexuality issues teachers find difficult to discuss, and reports the concerns teachers have when teaching sexuality education. The practices teachers adopt to encourage parent-teacher

Jan Milton

2003-01-01

132

The Effectiveness of Catholic Primary Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First- and second-grade cohorts in public and Catholic school Chapter 1 programs were compared. Catholic schooling did not have a significant effect on mathematics and reading test scores. Findings did not change when first-grade school-level scores were used to account for selection bias in the fourth-grade cohort. (Contains 22 references.) (JOW)

Jepsen, Christopher

2003-01-01

133

Flemish Primary Teachers' Use of School Performance Feedback and the Relationship with School Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Schools are increasingly confronted with the challenges that information about school performance brings with it. It is common for schools' use of performance feedback to be limited. Equally, however, there are documented cases in which school performance feedback is meaningfully used. Purpose: This study looks at how Flemish primary

Vanhoof, Jan; Verhaeghe, Goedele; Van Petegem, Peter; Valcke, Martin

2012-01-01

134

Subject Area Glossary: Greek-English Vocabulary. Curriculum Bulletin Number 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A glossary of Greek counterparts for terms used in the Chicago public schools' curricula is intended to be used by teachers of native Greek-speaking, limited-English speaking students. An introductory section outlines Greek phonology and pronunciation, and ensuing sections provide English vocabulary lists with both the Greek orthography and…

Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.

135

A Survey of Greek General and Special Education Teachers' Perceptions regarding the Role of the Special Needs Coordinator: Implications for Educational Policy on Inclusion and Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the perceptions of Greek general and special primary teachers regarding the role and the professional characteristics of special needs coordinators (SENCOs). According to the responses of the 466 participants, each school should have a fulltime SENCO, who should have both teaching experience in general schools and…

Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini

2011-01-01

136

Association of NADPH oxidase p22phox gene C242T, A640G and -930A/G polymorphisms with primary knee osteoarthritis in the Greek population.  

PubMed

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis with still unknown pathogenic etiology and considerable contribution of genetic factors. Recently, a new emerging role of oxidative stress in the pathology of OA has been reported, lacking however elucidation of the underlying mechanism. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase being a complex enzyme produced by chondrocytes, presents the major source of reactive oxygen species and main contributor of increased oxidative stress. The present study aims to evaluate the association of NADPH oxidase p22phox gene C242T, A640G and -A930G polymorphisms with primary knee OA in the Greek population. One hundred fifty five patients with primary symptomatic knee OA participated in the study along with 139 matched controls. Genotypes were determined using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were compared between both study groups. NADPH p22phox -A930G polymorphism was significantly associated with knee OA in the crude analysis (P = 0.018). No significant difference was detected for C242T and A640G polymorphisms (P > 0.05). The association between -A930G polymorphism and knee OA disappeared when the results were adjusted for obesity (P = 0.078, odds ratio 0.54, 95 % CI 0.272-1.071). The interaction between all three polymorphisms was not significant. The present study shows that NADPH oxidase p22phox gene C242T, A640G and -A930G polymorphisms are not risk factors for knee OA susceptibility in the Greek population. Further studies are needed to give a global view of the importance of this polymorphism in the pathogenesis of OA. PMID:23922196

Lepetsos, Panagiotis; Pampanos, Andreas; Lallos, Stergios; Kanavakis, Emmanouil; Korres, Dimitrios; Papavassiliou, Athanasios G; Efstathopoulos, Nicolaos

2013-09-01

137

The School Re-Integration of the Children of Greek Emigrants in Their Parents' Country of Origin. The CDCC's Project No.7: "The Education and Cultural Development of Migrants."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the visit of an international team studying the education and cultural development of migrants, this report describes school re-integration for children of Greek migrants returning to their home country. Part 1 outlines the purpose and itinerary of the three-day visit. Part 2 characterizes Greece as having a long and complex tradition of…

Rey, Micheline

138

Predictors of absenteeism among primary school teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed in order to examine the contribution of personal attributes, teachers’ organizational commitment, and two organizational attributes, school climate and culture of absence at, school, vis-à-vis two different types of teacher absences from work, namely voluntary and involuntary absence. For that purpose, 200 teachers (74% answered) from Jerusalem (Israel), were required to complete the following scales:

Haim H. Gaziel

2004-01-01

139

Researching Numeracy Teaching Approaches in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Researching numeracy" project aimed to identify effective classroom teaching approaches in mathematics for students in the early years (Prep-Year 4) and the middle years (Years 5 and 6) in a range of Victorian schools. The action research component of the project involved the research team working with teachers from sixteen research schools

Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004

2004-01-01

140

Learning and Teaching English in the Portuguese Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes preliminary findings of an action research project undertaken by teachers in Setubal, Portugal, who are exploring ways to introduce English as a first foreign language into the Portuguese primary school curriculum. (three references) (CK)

Naysmith, John; Palma, Albertina

1997-01-01

141

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School (Part II)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the Eynsham County Primary School, uses the seven criteria suggested by the Spodek early childhood education analysis framework: assumptions, goals, curriculum, method, style, organization, and effectiveness. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

142

A Survey of Microcomputer Use and Provision in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results from an exhaustive survey of Hertfordshire (England) primary schools which provides detailed information on microcomputer provision, classroom use, and headteachers' and teachers' aims and attitudes. An analysis of factors that influence microcomputer use is included. (Author/MBR)

Jackson, A.; And Others

1986-01-01

143

Dramatis Personae: Enactment and Performance in Primary School Headship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers insights into the leadership enactment of primary school heads in terms of the dramatis personae or "masks of the drama" they perceive themselves to portray during interactions with staff in their schools. The article draws on the reported identities and performances of ten heads in their day-to-day leadership of staff and…

Rhodes, Christopher; Greenway, Celia

2010-01-01

144

Head lice prevalence in primary schools in Victoria, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of and assess risk factors associated with head lice infections ( pediculosis ) in children from government primary schools in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Between May and October 2001, children were selected by clustered random sampling of schools and classes, then examined for head lice using hair conditioner and a fine-toothed head lice comb. There were

M Counahan; R Andrews; P Buttner; G Byrnes; R Speare

2004-01-01

145

Primary School Literacy in Southern Africa: African Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review examines trends in recent scholarship concerning primary school literacy instruction in Southern Africa. Past scholarship, particularly that which originated from western researchers, focused on technical or structural issues facing literacy instruction in the region, such as language of instruction, school conditions,…

Perry, Kristen H.

2008-01-01

146

Musical Behaviours of Primary School Children in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this ethnographic study, the musical behaviours of 28 primary school children in Singapore were examined for their meaning and diversity as they engaged in the school day. A large part of these children's musical behaviours stemmed from their exposure to the mass media. Children's musical inventions emerged in the context of play, occasionally…

Lum, Chee-Hoo

2009-01-01

147

Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

Odera, Florence Y.

2011-01-01

148

Creativity in Artistic Education: Introducing Artists into Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a more prominent role of arts education in the school curriculum, artistic creativity does not occur to a great extent in primary school practice. More opportunities for teachers to strengthen their know-how in the field of artistic creativity can therefore be considered important. Arts education projects focus on pupils' development of…

De Backer, Free; Lombaerts, Koen; De Mette, Tom; Buffel, Tine; Elias, Willem

2012-01-01

149

Laptop Classes in Some Australian Government Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia was once a world leader for laptop adoption in schools. Now overtaken by extensive roll-outs of laptops in Maine and Uruguay, this paper seeks to explain why this lead was lost. Six case studies of government primary schools were undertaken to gather data about current initiatives. Comparative analysis shows how the potential of…

Fluck, Andrew E.

2011-01-01

150

Using Soil Seed Banks for Ecological Education in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we developed an educational programme using soil seed banks to promote ecological literacy among primary school-aged children. The programme consisted of seven student activities, including sampling and setting soil seed banks around the school, watering, identifying seedlings, and making observations about the plants and their…

Ju, Eun Jeong; Kim, Jae Geun

2011-01-01

151

Primary School Students' Metacognitive Beliefs about Religious Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

So far scholars have researched beliefs about knowledge, knowing, and learning mainly in the areas of science and mathematics and among secondary school students. In this article, we explore primary school students' metacognitive beliefs about religious education. The article reports on a study involving 656 fifth- and sixth-grade students. We…

van der Zee, Theo; Hermans, Chris; Aarnoutse, Cor

2006-01-01

152

Creativity and Performativity Policies in Primary School Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultures of performativity in English primary schools refer to systems and relationships of: target-setting; Ofsted inspections; school league tables constructed from pupil test scores; performance management; performance related pay; threshold assessment; and advanced skills teachers. Systems which demand that teachers "perform" and in which…

Troman, Geoff; Jeffrey, Bob; Raggl, Andrea

2007-01-01

153

Food, Environment and Health: A Guide for Primary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for primary school teachers provides a practical collection of facts, advice, projects, games, stories, and sample questions for use in teaching children the importance of healthy habits. Food, personal hygiene, and the home environment are areas of particular concern. Details range from advice on ways to start a school garden or design…

Williams, Trefor; And Others

154

The Professional Culture of Innovating Primary Schools: Nine Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a qualitative study of the professional culture of nine primary schools that are implementing innovations are presented. Three aspects of schools' organizational culture are emphasized: (1) the principal as builder and carrier of the culture; (2) consensus on goals; and (3) professional relationships among teachers. Three cultural types…

Staessens, Katrine

155

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a typical day in an open school in Oxfordshire, England with particular reference to use of the various learning centers. Gives a detailed description of the teacher's actual role in interacting with children. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

156

Trigger Happy: The Troubling Trend of Primary School Closures in Glasgow City Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the continuing trend of school closures in Glasgow, Scotland. Particular attention will be paid to Stonedyke Primary School, which Glasgow City Council was proposing to close at the time of this research. Current statistical data and research is used to better examine the current crisis Stonedyke Primary faces. Furthermore,…

Koch, Joshua F.

2010-01-01

157

[Adolescence in the perception of primary school teachers].  

PubMed

This qualitative research was performed with 11 primary school teachers at a state school in the city of Curitiba/Brazil, with the goal to identify how primary school teachers perceive adolescence. The information was collected by means of a Group Discussion strategy and organized in four theme-categories. The teachers' statements revealed the plurality of the adolescence process, stressing its uniqueness. Adolescence is a unique phenomenon, varying according to culture, social class, race, gender and age, configuring distinctive ways of experiencing it. All this diversity, however, enables to develop relations with teenagers, including attention, nurturing, comfort, patience and sensitiveness, besides getting across curricular contents. PMID:20642056

Roehrs, Hellen; Maftum, Mariluci Alves; Zagonel, Ivete Palmira Sanson

2010-06-01

158

Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

Ipek, Cemalettin

2010-01-01

159

Bridging the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen, and meeting the needs…

Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.

2011-01-01

160

Motivation among Public Primary School Teachers in Mauritius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to critically analyse the factors that affect the motivation of public primary school teachers and also to investigate if there is any relationship between teacher motivation and job satisfaction in Mauritius. Design/methodology/approach: Simple random sampling method was used to collect data from 250 primary

Seebaluck, Ashley Keshwar; Seegum, Trisha Devi

2013-01-01

161

Exploratory Talk, Argumentation and Reasoning in Mexican Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analyses the effects of training primary school children in the use of a linguistic tool called "Exploratory Talk" (ET) on their capacity for argumentation. ET allows for reasoned confrontation and negotiation of points of view, making the reasoning visible in the talk. Eighty-eight Mexican children from the 5th and 6th grades of primary

Rojas-Drummond, Sylvia; Zapata, Margarita Peon

2004-01-01

162

Factors Associated with Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Greek Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Greek adolescents and identify possible risk factors associated with these attitudes. Design: Cross-sectional, school-based study. Setting: Six randomly selected schools in Patras, southern Greece. Participants: The study population consisted of 540 Greek students aged 13-18…

Bilali, Aggeliki; Galanis, Petros; Velonakis, Emmanuel; Katostaras, Theofanis

2010-01-01

163

Towards a biologically informed primary school practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various ways ‘nature’ and ‘nurture’ interact to shape school pupils' lives are examined from the perspective of recent biologically informed studies. The idea of a highly predictive, genetically based inheritance is strikingly upheld by research in infancy and early childhood. Research evidence also shows how pupil individuality develops within non-shared as well as shared environments (non-shared environments being those

Peter Silcock

2008-01-01

164

The Visual Arts in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as support material for teachers in Tasmania, Australia, to develop their ideas and practices in teaching visual arts to elementary school students, this volume provides a framework for a working, personal curriculum document that can be expanded. The first section of the book deals with learning through the visual arts. It describes the…

Tasmanian Education Dept., Hobart (Australia).

165

Primary School De Vogels, Oegstgeest, the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the title school building, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. (EV)

Cohn, David

2003-01-01

166

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

167

Measuring social networks in British primary schools through scientific engagement  

PubMed Central

Primary schools constitute a key risk group for the transmission of infectious diseases, concentrating great numbers of immunologically naive individuals at high densities. Despite this, very little is known about the social patterns of mixing within a school, which are likely to contribute to disease transmission. In this study, we present a novel approach where scientific engagement was used as a tool to access school populations and measure social networks between young (4–11 years) children. By embedding our research project within enrichment activities to older secondary school (13–15) children, we could exploit the existing links between schools to achieve a high response rate for our study population (around 90% in most schools). Social contacts of primary school children were measured through self-reporting based on a questionnaire design, and analysed using the techniques of social network analysis. We find evidence of marked social structure and gender assortativity within and between classrooms in the same school. These patterns have been previously reported in smaller studies, but to our knowledge no study has attempted to exhaustively sample entire school populations. Our innovative approach facilitates access to a vitally important (but difficult to sample) epidemiological sub-group. It provides a model whereby scientific communication can be used to enhance, rather than merely complement, the outcomes of research.

Conlan, A. J. K.; Eames, K. T. D.; Gage, J. A.; von Kirchbach, J. C.; Ross, J. V.; Saenz, R. A.; Gog, J. R.

2011-01-01

168

Measuring Inviting School Climate: A Case Study of a Public Primary School in an Urban Low Socioeconomic Setting in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study utilized the Inviting School Survey-Revised (ISS-R) (Smith, 2005b, 2013) based on Invitational Theory and Practice (Purkey & Novak, 2008) to examine the school climate of a public primary school in a low urban socio-economic setting in Kenya. School climate was defined as the perceptions of primary school teachers and pupils…

Okaya, Tom Mboya; Horne, Marj; Lamig, Madeleine; Smith, Kenneth H.

2013-01-01

169

Underrepresentation of Women in Public Primary School Administration: The Experience of Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to attempt to investigate the factors accounting for the lack of ambition among Greek female teachers in reaching managerial positions in the higher echelons of education's hierarchical structure. The analysis was performed on data collected from 304 female primary teachers during the academic year 1999-2000, randomly…

Kyriakoussis, Andreas; Saiti, Anna

2006-01-01

170

Beyond Electronic Brochures: An Analysis of Singapore Primary School Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate how Singapore primary schools use their web sites, what kind of information is contained in the web sites, and how the information is presented. Based on an analysis of 176 primary school web sites, which represent all but one of the country's primary schools, findings indicate that most of Singapore's primary school

Hu, Chun; Soong, Andrew Kheng Fah

2007-01-01

171

School Development Planning in Jersey Primary Schools: A Contingency Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines management of planned change. Considers how a continually shifting balance between environmental turbulence and stability affects implementation of annual school-development plans. Tests Wallace and McMahon's contingency hypothesis: turbulent environments demand a continual process of creation, monitoring, and adjustment. Stable…

Jones, Gary Richard

1996-01-01

172

Effects of twin separation in primary school.  

PubMed

We studied the short- and long-term effects of classroom separation in twins on behavior problems and academic performance. Short-term effects were studied at age 7 in twins separated at age 5 and long-term effects at age 12 in twins who had been separated or together most of the time at school. Behavior problems were rated by mothers (Child Behavior Checklist at ages 3, 7 and 12) and teachers (Teacher Report Form at ages 7 and 12). Academic achievement was measured at age 12 using a national academic achievement test (CITO). At age 7, twins from separated pairs had more internalizing and externalizing problems than nonseparated twins, as rated by both mothers and teachers. Only for the maternal ratings of internalizing problems, however, could these effects be attributed to the separation itself and not to preexisting problems (at age 3) between separated and nonseparated twins. Long-term effects of separation were significant for maternal and teacher ratings of internalizing and externalizing problems, but these effects could be explained by preexisting differences between separated and nonseparated groups. There were no differences in academic achievement between the separated and nonseparated group. These results suggest that the decision to separate twins when they go to school is based in part on the existing behavioral problems of the twins and that, in the long run, separation does not affect problem behavior or academic achievement. The findings were the same for monozygotic and dizygotic twins. PMID:16176724

van Leeuwen, Marieke; van den Berg, Stéphanie M; van Beijsterveldt, Toos C E M; Boomsma, Dorret I

2005-08-01

173

Development and Application of an Instrument to Measure Greek Primary Education Teachers' Biology Teaching Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-efficacy beliefs of in-service elementary school teachers in Greece were examined in an attempt to evaluate their biology teaching skills. For this purpose, we constructed a valid and reliable instrument consisting of a Likert-type questionnaire that was distributed to the target population and to which 202 teachers responded. Results…

Mavrikaki, Evangelia; Athanasiou, Kyriacos

2011-01-01

174

Effects of multimedia computer-assisted instruction (MCAI) on academic achievement in physical education of Greek primary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer technology has become an integral part of physical education, yet there have been few studies exploring the use of multimedia technology in the instruction of Physical Education. The purpose of this study was to investigate if Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) in Physical Education is functional in the school environment. An interactive multimedia CD-ROM program was developed, especially for the

Apostolos Siskos; Panagiotis Antoniou; Athanasios Papaioannou; Konstantinos Laparidis

2005-01-01

175

Denominational primary schooling: The case of Trinidad and Tobago  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing countries, the trend has been for government to assume gradual control of schools run by religious organisations, while allowing them to retain their religious affiliation. In the Caribbean, the relationship between church and state educational systems has generally been cordial. This is particularly so in Trinidad and Tobago, where almost three quarters of the primary schools are denominational: Roman Catholic, other Christian, Hindu and Muslim. However, a significant proportion of pupils do not adhere to the host faith. Demographic trends and internal migration have disturbed the previous pattern of population, but the most important factor is the influence of the Common Entrance Examination, which controls entry to secondary education. Certain primary schools achieve high pass rates and attract large numbers of applicants from all sectors of society, while School Boards and principals accept over-population and set entry criteria other than religious affiliation. Variation in curricula is limited by recently drafted requirements, the government provides the bulk of school funds, and regularly inspects all schools. Such controls may enable the present government to fulfil its intention of deemphasising the Common Entrance Examination, but it thereby runs the risk of endangering the religious tolerance engendered by the present multidenominational nature of religious schools.

MacKenzie, Clayton G.

1991-06-01

176

We love our school toilets: involving primary school students in improving their school toilets.  

PubMed

This article reports on the planning, implementation and evaluation of an intervention to improve school students' experience of using the school toilet in a primary school in Melbourne, Australia. 20 students from grades 2-6 participated in focus groups, to discuss what they valued about the school and raise awareness of issues they were not happy about. A common theme from all of the focus groups was that students reported avoiding use of the school toilets. Using the ideas generated from the focus groups, the student council (with input from staff), developed a self-administered pre- and post-test questionnaire. This was given to 220 students in grades 1-4, aged 6-10 years. Improvements suggested by the students were made to the toilet block, and then a post-test was administered. Independent t tests were conducted. The pre-test indicated that 71% of girls and 65% of boys feared the behaviour of other students in the toilet. Overwhelmingly, the qualitative comments focused on poor student behaviour in the toilets, with lack of privacy due to student misbehaviour mentioned in 90% of the comments. After the toilets were revamped, the greatest gains were made in students' attitudes toward the toilets, with a 37% increase in students who indicated they now liked the toilet facility. Incidents of vandalism also decreased; however, student misconduct in the toilets was still regarded as a problem. Involving students in refurbishing their toilets improved how students viewed the toilets and reduced vandalism; however, a different intervention is required to change inappropriate behaviours in the toilet. PMID:24449799

Senior, Elizabeth

2014-03-01

177

The Reality of Primary Schools and Basic Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Today, basic education which is 12 years in many of the developed countries in the world was extended from five to eight years in Turkey in 1997 and "Primary Education" was redefined as an "eight-year continuous education". Total of primary schools is 35,581 in the country-wide. The number of students in per teacher is 26.4 and…

Toprakci, Erdal

2010-01-01

178

Promoting and Building Resilience in Primary School Communities: Evidence from a Comprehensive ‘Health Promoting School’ Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first phase of a multi-strategy health promotion project which uses a whole-school approach to promote resilience in children of primary school age in school, family and community settings in urban and rural\\/remote locations in Queensland, Australia. The study population comprised students from Years 3, 5, and 7 (ages 8, 10, 12 years), their parents\\/care-givers and

Donald Stewart; Jing Sun; Carla Patterson; Kate Lemerle; Michael Hardie

2004-01-01

179

Active commuting to school among NSW primary school children: implications for public health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regular active commuting by walking\\/cycling can help maintain an active lifestyle. The frequency, duration and correlates of school active commuting were examined for primary school children in NSW, Australia. Walking\\/cycling -only and in combination with bus\\/car were of short duration (median 7 or 4min, respectively) and their frequency dropped within a short distance (>0.75km) from school. Apart from distance, child's

Dafna Merom; Catrine Tudor-Locke; Adrian Bauman; Chris Rissel

2006-01-01

180

The Contribution Made by School Milk to the Nutrition of Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study discusses the assessment of the contribution of school milk to the nutrition of 396 Kent primary school children aged eight to eleven years, using information collected in a survey which included a weighed diet record, a socio-economic questionnaire, and a medical examination. [Available from Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street,…

Cook, Judith; And Others

1975-01-01

181

Emergent Communities of Practice: Secondary Schools' Interaction with Primary School Foreign Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to give an account of the response of secondary schools to the primary school foreign language teaching initiative recently introduced by the UK government. The paper also explores defining features of the process of cross-phase interaction and the role that knowledge and collaborative practice plays in generating change…

Evans, Michael; Fisher, Linda

2012-01-01

182

Capacity Building for School Improvement: A Case Study of a New Zealand Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Capacity building is now mentioned synonymously with school improvement in much of the literature with an absence of debate on the implications of political, social and economic trends. This article explores capacity building in one low decile, multicultural, New Zealand primary school. The research, positioned within an interpretivist paradigm,…

Stringer, Patricia Martha

2009-01-01

183

Primary School Science Teachers' Perspectives regarding Their Professional Development: Implications for School Districts in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions play a significant role in an individual's decision-making. This paper reports on a study that investigated primary school science teachers' perceptions of their school district professional development and its basis and impact on the teacher development process in a large district in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. From the…

Bantwini, Bongani D.

2012-01-01

184

Neighbourhood Deprivation, School Disorder and Academic Achievement in Primary Schools in Deprived Communities in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing concern about violent behaviour in schools, involving students, staff and/or parents. A survey of 1777 primary schools (for children aged 5 to 11) throughout England, most in areas of social and economic deprivation, found more disorder in neighbourhoods with greater deprivation. More disorder was also observed when there was more…

Barnes, Jacqueline; Belsky, Jay; Broomfield, Kate A.; Melhuish, Edward

2006-01-01

185

Child Participation in School Governance: The Case of Prefects at a Primary School in Lesotho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on literature that has theorised child participation within the sociology of childhood framework to examine how children participate in governance within school spaces. Four children aged between 13 and 17 (in grades six and seven) who serve as prefects at a primary school in Lesotho were participants in this study. Data was…

Morojele, Pholoho; Muthukrishna, Nithi

2011-01-01

186

Flying the "Active School Flag": Physical Activity Promotion through Self-Evaluation in Primary Schools in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary schools are key sites where children can be active, advance their knowledge and understanding of how to participate in physical activity (PA) and develop an appreciation of its importance in their lives. This study explored the role of schools in promoting PA asking: how do primary schools approach the promotion of whole-school PA? Data…

Chroinin, Deirdre Ni; Murtagh, Elaine; Bowles, Richard

2012-01-01

187

The Role of Pre-School Education on Learning Achievement at Primary Level in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of pre-school education on learning achievement at primary level in Bangladesh. Evidence from learning achievement test and household and school-related data were obtained from 7093 pupils attending 440 primary schools in Bangladesh. Findings suggest that a small proportion (15.3%) of primary school pupils attended…

Nath, Samir Ranjan

2012-01-01

188

Crossing the Primary and Secondary School Divide in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education courses at universities qualify graduates to teach in age-related contexts of primary/early childhood/secondary that reflect the organisational structure of schools. In terms of teacher employment, for some considerable time, these longstanding organisational divisions have been by-passed whereby a shortage of teachers in…

Knipe, Sally

2012-01-01

189

School Bullying among Hong Kong Chinese Primary Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first comprehensive survey of 7,025 Chinese primary schoolchildren found that 24% of respondents reported that they had sometimes physically bullied another child. When children observed school bullying, 56% said they immediately reported it to their teachers. Another 20% tried to stop the bullying by approaching the bullies. The study also…

Wong, Dennis S. W.; Lok, David P. P.; Lo, T. Wing; Ma, Stephen K.

2008-01-01

190

Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the English language situation at primary school level in Vietnam from a language planning perspective. It examines language policy for foreign language teaching in Vietnam to provide a picture of the role of English in foreign language education. It analyses language-in-education policy, curriculum and teaching materials, and…

Hoa, Nguyen Thi Mai; Tuan, Nguyen Quoc

2007-01-01

191

Primary School Teachers' Ability to Recognise Resilience in their Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teachers' knowledge of, and capacity to identify resilience, in 92 primary school children in Far North Queensland. It was found that although teachers' knowledge of resilience was apparently strong, and they reported a significant level of confidence in their ability to assist children in building resilience, their…

Russo, Rebecca; Boman, Peter

2007-01-01

192

Designing by Decorating: The Use of Pictures in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper concerns the concept of information use. The aim of the study is to understand how information use, as an activity, is shaped when project-based methods are used in primary school. The particular focus here is information use which involves visual information resources. It relates to the overarching aim of a set of studies…

Lundh, Anna; Limberg, Louise

2012-01-01

193

Primary Principals' Leadership Styles, School Organizational Health and Workplace Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying. Design/methodology/approach: Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used--a multi-level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2011-01-01

194

Teaching Primary School Mathematics and Statistics: Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is the only reference book you will ever need for teaching primary school mathematics and statistics. It is full of exciting and engaging snapshots of excellent classroom practice relevant to "The New Zealand Curriculum" and national mathematics standards. There are many fascinating examples of investigative learning experiences, and key…

Averill, Robin; Harvey, Roger

2010-01-01

195

The Self-Perceptions of Bullies in Cyprus Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying is a matter of significant concern in the Cypriot educational setting. Teachers usually report their difficulties in understanding bullies and their anxiety to find effective ways to deal with them. This project investigated the self-concepts of a sample of nine boys identified as bullies at the end of primary schooling in Nicosia,…

Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

2008-01-01

196

The Urban Primary School. Education in an Urbanised Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers an in-depth understanding of the unique challenges and contributions of urban primary schools. The authors set urban education in the wider social context of structural disadvantage, poverty, oppression and exclusion, and reassert some critical urban educational concerns. Recognizing that practice needs to be informed by theory,…

Maguire, Meg; Wooldridge, Tim; Pratt-Adams, Simon

2006-01-01

197

Day/Night Cycle: Mental Models of Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the mental models of primary school children related to the day/night cycle. Semi-structure interviews were conducted with 40 fourth-grade and 40 sixth-grade children. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data indicated that the majority of the children were classified as having geocentric models. The results also…

Chiras, Andreas

2008-01-01

198

Development of a Reflective Teaching Approach in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the approach taken in one primary school to introduce a reflective teaching approach, following an OFSTED inspection. By considering the development of reflective teaching and learning, the development of a working mode and the types of skills needed in order to teach in a reflective manner, it reports on the outcomes from the…

Huntley, Ray

2005-01-01

199

Reliability of upright posture measurements in primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Correct upright posture is considered to be a measure of good musculoskeletal health. Little is known about the usual variability of children's upright standing posture. The aim of this study was to assess differences between repeated measures of upright posture in a group of primary school children. METHODS: Sagittal plane photographs of usual, relaxed upright standing posture of 38

Maureen P McEvoy; Karen Grimmer

2005-01-01

200

Circle Time for Social and Emotional Learning in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings and implications of a semi-randomised control trial study on the effectiveness of circle time (CT) on primary school students' social and emotional learning, as well as classroom teachers' and students' experience of CT. A social and emotional learning programme was delivered through CT by trained…

Cefai, Carmel; Ferrario, Erika; Cavioni, Valeria; Carter, Audrey; Grech, Tracy

2014-01-01

201

Progressive Mathematization of Long Division Strategies in Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' strategies for solving long division problems under a realistic mathematics approach (RME) at Dutch primary schools were categorized in two ways: (a) according to the level of how students created multiples of the divisor (chunking) to be subtracted from the dividend; and (b) according to their use, or nonuse, of schematic notation.…

van Putten, Cornelis M.; van den Brom-Snijders, Petra A.; Beishuizen, Meindert

2005-01-01

202

Organizational Communication and Job Satisfaction in Australian Catholic Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job satisfaction has been associated with a variety of behaviours relating to communication. However, very little research has been conducted in primary schools encompassing job satisfaction and a range of communication variables. This study investigated the relationships between aspects of organizational communication and facets of job…

De Nobile, John J.; McCormick, John

2008-01-01

203

An Integrative Review of Teaching Reading in Kenyan Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published…

Commeyras, Michelle; Inyega, Hellen N.

2007-01-01

204

Self-Esteem Enhancement in Upper Primary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-esteem has been defined as the "totality of the individual's thoughts and feelings having reference to himself as an object." Self-concept has been defined as the descriptive and evaluative beliefs that a person holds about multidimensional characteristics of the self. As children progress through primary school, general self-concept…

Burnett, Paul C.

205

Power, Agency and Middle Leadership in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English primary schools are considered quasi-collegial institutions within which staff communicate regularly and openly. The activities of staff, however, are bound by institutional norms and conditions and by societal expectations. Wider agendas of governmental control over the curriculum and external controls to ensure accountability and…

Hammersley-Fletcher, Linda; Strain, Michael

2011-01-01

206

Trilingual Education in Hong Kong Primary Schools: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1997, the "biliterate and trilingual" policy has been adopted by the Hong Kong government, and is now guiding the curriculum design in Hong Kong primary schools. This language policy aims to ensure that Hong Kong students become biliterate (written English and Chinese) and trilingual (spoken English, Cantonese and Putonghua). However, Hong…

Wang, Lixun; Kirkpatrick, Andy

2013-01-01

207

Substantive Communication of Space Mathematics in Upper Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative action research project with preservice teachers built on Wood's (2003) paper on strategy reporting, inquiry and argumentation and the NSW Department of Education and Training documents called substantive communication. There is little research on argumentation about space mathematics in primary schools so this is the focus of the…

Owens, Kay

2005-01-01

208

Equality of Educational Opportunities at Public Primary Schools in Argentina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the degree of equality of educational opportunities across Argentina's public primary schools. The main finding is that there are inequalities between jurisdictions, but even greater inequalities within them, suggesting the existence of serious problems in the distribution of resources at the sub-national level. Following…

Adrogue, Cecilia

2013-01-01

209

Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

210

Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

2009-01-01

211

The Effect of Social Skills Interventions in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social inclusion is currently a priority issue for all in education. Brent Educational Psychology Service implemented two social skills training interventions to promote social inclusion in six primary schools. Educational psychologists in training carried out an independent evaluation of these interventions. Analysis of quantitative and…

Denham, Alexa; Hatfield, Sarah; Smethurst, Nicola; Tan, Elizabeth; Tribe, Craig

2006-01-01

212

Kinematic Measures of Imitation Fidelity in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We sought to develop a method for measuring imitation accuracy objectively in primary school children. Children imitated a model drawing shapes on the same computer-tablet interface they saw used in video clips, allowing kinematics of model and observers' actions to be directly compared. Imitation accuracy was reported as a correlation…

Williams, Justin H. G.; Casey, Jackie M.; Braadbaart, Lieke; Culmer, Peter R.; Mon-Williams, Mark

2014-01-01

213

Teacher Views on Social Skills Development in Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research is to survey the views of teachers regarding social skills development in primary school students. The research was carried out using the qualitative research technique. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher was used to collect data. The results show that there are four main factors that play an important role…

Samanci, Osman

2010-01-01

214

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

215

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

216

Creating Confident, Motivated Teachers of Physical Education in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the impact of a nationwide one-year physical education (PE) professional development (PD) programme on 25 generalist classroom teachers from 10 primary schools in New Zealand. This research specifically explores how a year-long PD programme, focused predominantly on general pedagogical strategies, supported in-service…

Petrie, Kirsten

2010-01-01

217

Skills for Primary Schools: Movement and Co-Ordination Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we describe a small-scale project which focused on providing evidence-based resources for teachers and initial teacher training (ITT) students to support the movement and co-ordination development of primary-aged pupils in mainstream classrooms, thus building capacity in schools. The project developed a suite of resources which…

Hutton, Eve; Soan, Sue

2010-01-01

218

Teacher Appraisal and Its Outcomes in Singapore Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the attributes of the performance appraisal system used for primary school teachers in Singapore, and how those attributes affect satisfaction with the appraisal system, stress experienced with the appraisal system, attitudes towards performance bonus, job satisfaction and motivation, and perceived…

Kelly, Khim Ong; Ang, Shi Yun Angela; Chong, Wei Ling; Hu, Wei Sheng

2008-01-01

219

Greek Atomic Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on history of physics, which began about 600 B.C. with the Ionian Greeks and reaching full development within three centuries, suggests that the creation of the concept of the atom is understandable within the context of Greek physical theory; so is the rejection of the atomic theory by the Greek physicists. (Author/SK)

Roller, Duane H. D.

1981-01-01

220

An Examination of Primary School Attendance and Completion among Secondary School Age Adolescents in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sierra Leone was ravaged by a civil war between 1991 and 2002. Since the end of the war, it has witnessed an unprecedented increase in school enrollments. Although school enrollment has increased, the number of school age children who are out of school remains high. The focus of international agencies is on children of primary school age, yet a…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

221

Examining Primary and Secondary School Canteens and Their Place within the School System: A South Australian Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, school canteens are an integral part of the school environment and an ideal site to encourage healthy eating. However, when the canteen is not supported within the school system, healthy menus may be difficult to implement. The aim of this study was to investigate school canteens and their place within the school system in primary

Drummond, Claire; Sheppard, Lorraine

2011-01-01

222

The Innovative Capacity of Schools in Primary Education: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the innovative capacity of primary schools in the Netherlands comparing the schools with high innovative capacity to schools with low innovative capacity focusing on four components: (1) the context of the school; (2) collaboration among teachers; (3) school leadership; and (4) the school as a learning organization. Discusses the findings…

Geijsel, Femke; Van Den Berg, Rudolf; Sleegers, Peter

1999-01-01

223

SEN Students' Inclusion in Greece: Factors Influencing Greek Teachers' Stance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study, based on recent research in secondary education schools in Greece, aimed at recording Greek teachers' attitudes towards inclusion and determining the factors that enhance positive attitudes or negative ones. The findings of this research confirm that Greek teachers, despite obvious infrastructural and institutional hindrances,…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Vamvakari, Malvina; Theodoropoulos, Helen

2008-01-01

224

Home Space: Youth Identification in the Greek Diaspora  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on a larger study on schooling and diaspora using the case of the Greek community of Melbourne, Australia to examine processes of identification of young people with access to minority cultures. The Melbourne Greek community is long-standing, diverse, and well-established. Because of this, the young people involved in this study…

Tsolidis, Georgina; Pollard, Vikki

2010-01-01

225

Overweight and school performance among primary school children: the PIAMA birth cohort study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the association between overweight and school performance among primary school children prospectively and including a broad range of potential confounding factors. In addition it was investigated what factors mediate this association. For this purpose, data of 2,159 12-year-old children who participated in the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used. Two indicators of school performance were parental reported when children were 12 years of age and included (i): the score on a standardized achievement test that Dutch children have to complete at the end of their primary education (Cito)-test and (ii): the teacher's advice regarding a child's potential performance level in secondary education. Children's height and weight were measured by a trained research assistant at the age of 8 and by their parents at the age of 12. Overweight was defined using age and gender specific cut-off points. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the association between overweight and school performance. Besides, both confounder and mediation analyses were conducted. Results showed lower Cito-test scores and lower teacher's school-level advice among overweight children. These associations were no longer significant when adjusting for parental educational level, skipping breakfast, and screen time. This study found no independent association between overweight and school performance among primary school children. Results showed strong confounding by parental educational level. PMID:22030985

Veldwijk, Jorien; Fries, Marieke C E; Bemelmans, Wanda J E; Haveman-Nies, Annemien; Smit, Henriëtte A; Koppelman, Gerard H; Wijga, Alet H

2012-03-01

226

Outdoor and indoor UFP in primary schools across Barcelona.  

PubMed

Indoor and outdoor measurements of real-time ultrafine particles (UFP; N10-700 in this study) number concentration and average diameter were collected twice at 39 primary schools located in Barcelona (Spain), with classrooms naturally ventilated under warm weather conditions. Simultaneous outdoor N concentration measurements at schools under different traffic exposures showed the important role of this source, with higher levels by 40% on average at schools near heavy traffic, highlighting thus the increased exposure of children due to urban planning decisions. A well-defined spatial pattern of outdoor UFP levels was observed. Midday increases in outdoor N levels mainly attributed to nucleation processes have been recorded both at high and low temperatures in several of the outdoor school sites (increasing levels by 15%-70%). The variation of these increases also followed a characteristic spatial pattern, pointing at schools' location as a key variable in terms of UFP load owing to the important contribution of traffic emissions. Indoor N concentrations were to some extent explained by outdoor N concentrations during school hours, together with average temperatures, related with natural ventilation. Outdoor midday increases were generally mimicked by indoor N concentrations, especially under warm temperatures. At specific cases, indoor concentrations during midday were 30%-40% higher than outdoor. The time scale of these observations evidenced the possible role of: a) secondary particle formation enhanced by indoor precursors or conditions, maybe related with surface chemistry reactions mediated by O3, and/or b) UFP from cooking activities. Significant indoor N increases were detected after school hours, probably associated with cleaning activities, resulting in indoor N concentrations up to 3 times higher than those in outdoor. A wide variability of indoor/outdoor ratios of N concentrations and mean UFP sizes was detected among schools and measurement periods, which seems to be partly associated with climatic conditions and O3 levels, although further research is required. PMID:25003584

Reche, C; Viana, M; Rivas, I; Bouso, L; Alvarez-Pedrerol, M; Alastuey, A; Sunyer, J; Querol, X

2014-09-15

227

Investigating Unmet Health Needs in Primary Health Care Services in a Representative Sample of the Greek Population †  

PubMed Central

Unmet health care needs are determined as the difference between the services judged necessary and the services actually received, and stem from barriers related to accessibility, availability and acceptability. This study aims to examine the prevalence of unmet needs and to identify the socioeconomic and health status factors that are associated with unmet needs. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Greece in 2010 and involved data from 1,000 consenting subjects (>18 years old). Multiple binary logistic regression analysis was applied to investigate the predictors of unmet needs and to determine the relation between the socio-demographic characteristics and the accessibility, availability and acceptability barriers. Ninety nine participants (9.9%) reported unmet health needs during the 12 months prior to the research. The most frequently self-reported reasons were cost and lack of time. Youth, parenthood, physician consultations, and poor mental health increased the likelihood of unmet needs. Women were less likely to report accessibility and availability than acceptability barriers. Educational differences were evident and individuals with primary and secondary education were associated with significantly more accessibility and availability barriers compared with those with tertiary education. Unmet health needs pose a significant challenge to the health care system, especially given the difficult current financial situation in Greece. It is believed that unmet health needs will continue to increase, which will widen inequalities in health and health care access.

Pappa, Evelina; Kontodimopoulos, Nick; Papadopoulos, Angelos; Tountas, Yannis; Niakas, Dimitris

2013-01-01

228

Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical\\u000a content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing\\u000a teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative assessment strategies. The evidence\\u000a gained over the three years demonstrated how the effective use of frameworks

Alister Jones; Judy Moreland

2004-01-01

229

A Comparison of the Governing of Primary and Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, governing bodies continue to be responsible for the conduct of publicly funded schools. This article compares the governing of publicly funded primary schools (for 5-11 year olds) and secondary schools (for 11-18 year olds). The research analysed policy documents and the governing of 16 primary and 14 secondary schools. The main…

James, Chris; Connolly, Michael; Brammer, Steve; Fertig, Mike; James, Jane; Jones, Jeff

2014-01-01

230

Crossing the humpback bridge: primary–secondary school transition in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year later following a full year in

Nigel A. Marshall; David J. Hargreaves

2007-01-01

231

Students' Perceptions of Teacher Support across the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the degree to which students' perceptions of teacher support are related to school type (primary versus secondary). The sample included 7,205 students from years 5 to 7 in primary school and years 8 to 10 in secondary school. Previous research has concluded that perceptions of school change negatively when students move from…

Bru, Edvin; Stornes, Tor; Munthe, Elaine; Thuen, Elin

2010-01-01

232

Crossing the Humpback Bridge: Primary-Secondary School Transition in Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year…

Marshall, Nigel A.; Hargreaves, David J.

2007-01-01

233

Primary School Councils: Organization, Composition and Head Teacher Perceptions and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School councils have been an integral part of primary school life for the last decade and, despite not being mandatory in England, they are now to be found in the vast majority of primary schools. This research article aims to examine the current position of school councils in terms of their organization, the issues they address and the views held…

Burnitt, Michael; Gunter, Helen

2013-01-01

234

Determinants of Schooling for Boys and Girls in Nigeria under a Policy of Free Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper adds a measure of school costs to the model of determinants of schooling. Costs are estimated with controls for selection into school and the possibility of receiving free primary education (FPE). Controlling for costs, household wealth has a large, positive effect on primary school attendance with greater income elasticity for girls…

Lincove, Jane Arnold

2009-01-01

235

Self-Efficacy, School Resources, Job Stressors and Burnout among Spanish Primary and Secondary School Teachers: A Structural Equation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between school resources, teacher self-efficacy, potential multi-level stressors and teacher burnout using structural equation modelling. The causal structure for primary and secondary school teachers was also examined. The sample was composed of 724 primary and secondary Spanish school teachers. The changes…

Betoret, Fernando Domenech

2009-01-01

236

Sustainability of Gains Made in a Primary School HIV Prevention Programme in Kenya into the Secondary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question addressed in this paper is whether the beneficial effects of Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), an HIV prevention programme delivered in Kenyan primary schools, continue once students move on to secondary schools. Questionnaires were completed in December 2005 and January 2006 by all form 1-3 students in 154 randomly…

Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor

2010-01-01

237

Nutrition-related habits of Greek adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate nutrition-related habits of Greek school-aged adolescents.Design: Epidemiological survey.Setting and subjects: The study was part of the Health Behavior in School Aged Children (HBSC) survey. A representative sample of school-aged adolescents aged 11.5, 13.5, and 15.5 y was obtained. The final sample consisted of 4211 students (51.6% girls and 48.4% boys). They were asked to complete a translated

M Yannakoulia; D Karayiannis; M Terzidou; A Kokkevi; L S Sidossis

2004-01-01

238

Schooling the Boys: Masculinities and Primary Education. Educating Boys, Learning Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores where masculinity is in primary schools. It has been argued by some commentators that a contributory factor to boys' underachievement is the predominance of women teachers in primary schools which has led to classroom management and teaching styles that favor girls. As this book shows, primary schools produce a range of…

Skelton, Christine

239

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

240

Implementation of Mandatory Nutritional Guidelines in South Australian Primary School Canteens: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary schools are identified as being in a primary position to offer nutrition education. Moreover, primary schools can offer an environment which is conducive to the promotion of healthy eating while influencing eating behaviours of children to benefit their health, well-being and academic development and performance. School canteens are one…

Abery, Elizabeth; Drummond, Claire

2014-01-01

241

Daytime urinary incontinence in primary school children: A population-based survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and severity of, and risk factors for, daytime urinary incontinence in children starting primary school. Design and setting: Population-based cross-sectional survey of new entrant primary school children in Sydney, Australia. Methods: A random cluster sample of 2020 primary school children was surveyed by using a daytime incontinence questionnaire with known substantial repeatability (mean kappa =

Premala Sureshkumar; Jonathan C. Craig; L. Paul Roy; John F. Knight

2000-01-01

242

Turkish Pre-Service Primary School Teachers' Environmental Attitudes: Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish pre-service primary school teachers' attitudes towards environment. Besides, it aimed to investigate how pre-service primary school teachers' environmental attitudes change with grade level and gender. A total of 2067 pre-service teachers attending to primary school education departments of nine…

Ozsoy, Sibel; Ozsoy, Gokhan; Kuruyer, Hayriye Gul

2011-01-01

243

Active commuting to school among NSW primary school children: implications for public health.  

PubMed

Regular active commuting by walking/cycling can help maintain an active lifestyle. The frequency, duration and correlates of school active commuting were examined for primary school children in NSW, Australia. Walking/cycling-only and in combination with bus/car were of short duration (median 7 or 4 min, respectively) and their frequency dropped within a short distance (>0.75 km) from school. Apart from distance, child's age, school affiliation and perceived safety, regular walking/cycling (10 trips, 22%) was associated with parents' travel mode to work and with father taking the child to school. Frequent walking/cycling (5 trips, 37%) was associated with child's level of independence and the perceived benefits of active commuting. Behaviour change in this setting requires multi-level strategies. PMID:16263323

Merom, Dafna; Tudor-Locke, Catrine; Bauman, Adrian; Rissel, Chris

2006-12-01

244

Alcohol use in post-primary school children.  

PubMed

The prevalence of alcohol use of Irish post-primary schoolchildren has been reported on numerous occasions over the past five years. A study of drinking patterns in 294 schoolchildren aged 14 to 17 from single sex and mixed sex schools is presented. The age at first drink for boys was 11.7 years, and for girls 12.3 years. Eighty percent of boys had ever drank compared to 66% of girls. 59% of boys were regular drinkers compared to 54% of girls. Both these parameters were equal for boys from single sex and mixed schools but girls from mixed sex schools had a higher prevalence of drinking than girls from single sex schools. Beer was by far the favourite drink of boys whereas wine was the favourite drink of girls. Girls were more likely to drink at home than boys. The results of the present study will be compared with other recent prevalence studies of teenage alcohol use in Ireland. Many findings are similar but the separate analysis of single and mixed sex schools is new. PMID:8360041

Barry, J

1993-01-01

245

Intercultural Communication in the Malaysian Vision Schools: Implications for the Management and Leadership in a Multicultural Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses intercultural communication in Vision Schools in Malaysia. It also elaborates the extent to which the Vision Schools foster racial interaction across the three major ethnic groups: Malays, Chinese, and Indians. A total of 887 primary school students were surveyed across the Vision Schools. It was found that the intercultural…

Othman, Azam; Ruslan, Norbaiduri; Ahmad, Ismail Sheikh

2012-01-01

246

Assessing knowledge of primary school teachers on specific learning disabilities in two schools in India  

PubMed Central

Background: Evaluation of fund of knowledge about SLD among kindergarten and primary school teachers is essential to avoid misdiagnosis of SLD and to plan for specific teacher education to enable early identification of SLD among children. Aim: To assess the knowledge of learning disability among primary school teachers in India and to investigate its psychometric properties. Materials and Methods: An observational study was carried out 34 primary school teachers from 2 different schools in Puducherry town agreed to participate in this study with informed consent. We used a multiple choice questionnaire format with a total of 50 questions, 5 choices for each question and a total score of 50. The study was held at the schools where these teachers were employed using pen and paper testing method and data were entered into the computer for statistical analysis. Statistical Analysis: Total scores on the questionnaire of all teachers were calculated. Content validity, reliability coefficient, discrimination factor, and facility factor were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: 29% of the questions were correctly answered by all 34 teachers. The mean total score for this sample was 14.50 ± 9 and total item score for the 50 items was 9.90 ± 4. Cronbach's (?) reliability was 0.89. Overall discrimination index was + 0.2 and facility factor analysis score was 0.26. Conclusions: Validation of this new screening questionnaire was successful in Indian setting. It has to be used in other settings to extrapolate our findings.

Lingeswaran, Anand

2013-01-01

247

When Reform Hits Reality: The Bottleneck Effect in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of analysis and research into primary education in general, and primary school leadership in particular, has left primary practitioners exposed like never before to the vagaries of policy-makers and unpredictable contextual pressures. The purpose of this article is to initiate discussion on the state of primary school leadership in Hong…

Cheng, Yin Chong; Walker, Allan

2008-01-01

248

The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

2012-01-01

249

The Choreography of Schooling as Site of Struggle: Belgian Primary Schools, 1880-1940.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the choreography of schooling and the social interactions between teacher and student. Draws upon evidential data samples of primary teachers during the 1880s and 1930s noted in Belgium educational reviews. Concludes there was a transition from 1880s teacher-is-master classroom to a conforming 1930s educator-mentor role. (MER)

Eggermont, Betty

2001-01-01

250

Factors affecting nutritional status of Malaysian primary school children.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the nutritional status of a randomly selected cohort of school children and the factors affecting it. This random survey was conducted in the state of Selangor, involving 1,405 primary students (aged 9-10 years from 54 national primary schools). Physical examination was carried out on all the students. Information on the students was also obtained from the parents. Blood samples were taken by using the finger pricking technique. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure of physical growth. The students were mainly from urban areas (82.9%). The mean age was 9.71 years and a higher proportion was females (51%). Malays constituted 83.6%, Indians 11.6% and Chinese 4.2% of the study population. The mean weight and height were 32.30 kg and 135.18 cm respectively. The mean BMI was 17.42 kg/m2, with 1.2% of the students underweight, 76.3% normal BMI, 16.3% overweight and 6.3% were obese. Nutritional status was significantly related to blood pressure, history of breast feeding, eating fast food, taking canned/bottled drinks, income and educational level of parents. Significant differences in nutritional status between sexes and locations (rural/urban) were also found. The prevalence of overweight and obese children was of concern. There is thus an urgent need for the School Health Program to periodically monitor the school children's eating habits and physical growth. Appropriate counselling on nutritional intake and physical activities should be given not only to schoolchildren but also to their teachers and parents or caregivers. PMID:16425649

Zaini, M Z Anuar; Lim, C T; Low, W Y; Harun, F

2005-01-01

251

Primary School Teachers' Inspection in Turkey: Primary School Teachers' Expectations about Inspectors' Guidance Roles and the Realisation Level of These Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to point out primary school teachers' expectations about inspectors' guidance roles and the realisation level of these expectations. The data used in this research that will be done in descriptive scanning model is collected from the views of primary school teachers selected randomly from Balikesir, Batman and Hatay.…

Polat, Soner; Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2008-01-01

252

The Effective Management of Primary Schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria: An Analytical Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the management of education in primary schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria. As a correlational research, the study population comprised all the 694 primary schools in the State. Out of this, a sample of 320 schools was selected through the stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments were used to collect data for the…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2009-01-01

253

Developing and Implementing a Mobile Conservation Education Unit for Rural Primary School Children in Lao PDR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine the implementation and success of a mobile conservation education unit targeting primary schools in central Lao PDR (People's Democratic Republic). The mobile unit conducted 3-hour interactive programs for school children focused on the importance of wildlife and biodiversity around the primary schools in rural…

Hansel, Troy; Phimmavong, Somvang; Phengsopha, Kaisone; Phompila, Chitana; Homduangpachan, Khiaosaphan

2010-01-01

254

Changes in Student Populations and Average Test Scores of Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the relation between student population characteristics and average test scores per school in the final grade of primary education from a dynamic perspective. Aggregated data of over 5,000 Dutch primary schools covering a 6-year period were used to study the relation between changes in school populations and shifts in mean…

Luyten, Hans; de Wolf, Inge

2011-01-01

255

The Teaching of English as a Second Language in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last few years projects of foreign language instruction in primary schools have been planned and carried out by a growing number of school authorities. It would be wrong to maintain that such schemes are a completely new feature of primary education. ‘If we include … the older practices in private schools and the accepted practices in the developing

Harald Gutschow

1969-01-01

256

The Effects of Servant Leadership on Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Primary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of servant leadership behaviours of primary school principals on teachers' school commitment. The research data were collected from 563 teachers working in primary schools in Duzce. Servant leadership behaviours of principals were measured with a servent organizational leadership assessment scale, and the teachers'…

Cerit, Yusuf

2010-01-01

257

Improving Achievement in Mathematics in Primary and Secondary Schools. Improving Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on inspections of mathematics in primary and secondary schools carried out between August 2002 and April 2005. In addition to schools inspected, Her Majesty's (HM) Inspectors also visited primary and secondary schools to observe and describe aspects of best practice. This report also draws on pupils' attainment in Scottish…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

258

Improving Achievement in Science in Primary and Secondary Schools. Improving Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on inspections of science in primary and secondary schools carried out between September 2000 and March 2004. In addition to schools inspected as part of the generational cycle, HMI also visited other primary and secondary schools to observe and describe aspects of best practice. The report also draws on other major sources of…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

259

More Male Primary-School Teachers? Social Benefits for Boys "and Girls"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call for more male primary-school teachers has long been associated with the educational needs of boys, the importance of positive male role models in schools and the disproportionate number of male and female primary-school teachers internationally. However, little is known about whether or not parents and students actually want more male…

McGrath, Kevin; Sinclair, Mark

2013-01-01

260

Teaching Beliefs: A Comparison between Italian Primary and Secondary School Trainee Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents research which compares the teaching beliefs of primary and secondary school trainee teachers. Participants were 177 trainee teachers, 92 enrolled in a primary school teacher degree course, and 85 enrolled in a postgraduate teacher training course specifically for music teaching at secondary school level (middle and high…

Biasutti, Michele

2012-01-01

261

Partnership Learning: An Imperative for the Continuing Professional Development of Primary School Teachers in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasis has been on in-service training of primary school teachers in Nigeria with low laid down practises of continued professional development of teachers. This paper submits that there is need for school based professional development programmes for primary school teachers in Nigeria if they are to remain effective.

Ushie, Beshel Cee

2009-01-01

262

Parents and Teachers' Perceptions of Mother-Tongue Medium of Instruction Policy in Nigerian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many inadequacies of Nigeria's schools derived from their religious and colonial past. One in particular is studied in this paper, namely opposition to the use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. Questionnaires on the subject were administered to samples of 1000 primary school teachers and 1500 parents of primary school children.…

Iyamu, Ede O. S.; Ogiegbaen, Sam E. Aduwa

2007-01-01

263

Twin specific risk factors in primary school achievements.  

PubMed

The main aim of this study was to examine twin specific risk factors that influence educational achievement in primary school. We included prenatal factors that are not unique to twins, except for zygosity, but show a higher prevalence in twins than in singletons. In addition, educational achievement was compared between twins and their nontwin siblings in a within-family design. Data were obtained from parents and teachers of approximately 10,000 twins and their nontwin siblings registered with the Netherlands Twin Register. Teachers rated the proficiency of the children on arithmetic, language, reading, and physical education, and reported a national educational achievement test score (CITO). Structural equation modeling showed that gestational age, birth weight, and sex were significant predictors of educational achievement, even after correction for socioeconomic status. Mode of delivery and zygosity did not have an effect, while parental age only influenced arithmetic. Mode of conception, incubator time, and birth complications negatively affected achievement in physical education. The comparison of educational achievement of twins and singletons showed significantly lower ratings on arithmetic, reading, and language in twins, compared to their older siblings, but not compared to their younger siblings. Low gestational age and low birth weight were the most important risk factors for lower educational achievement of twins in primary school. It seems that the differences observed between twins and their nontwin siblings in educational achievement can largely be explained by birth order within the family. PMID:22784460

de Zeeuw, Eveline L; van Beijsterveldt, Catherina E M; de Geus, Eco J C; Boomsma, Dorret I

2012-02-01

264

Red, Yellow, Blue: A Primary Study of the Strengths, Limitations and Challenges of Arts Magnet Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary, exploratory study combines the limited literature on arts magnet schools with the writings of arts activists and the narratives of several arts magnet school administrators in an attempt to understand arts magnet schools better. The paper illuminates some of the strengths of arts magnet schools as well as some of the limitations and…

Halquist, Don

265

Randomised controlled trial of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess if a school based intervention was effective in reducing risk factors for obesity. Design Group randomised controlled trial. Setting 10 primary schools in Leeds. Participants 634 children aged 7›11 years. Intervention Teacher training, modification of school meals, and the development of school action plans targeting the curriculum, physical education, tuck shops, and playground activities. Main outcome measures

Pinki Sahota; Mary C J Rudolf; Rachael Dixey; Andrew J Hill; Julian H Barth; Janet Cade

2001-01-01

266

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools Project: An Interim Report on School Leaders' Roles in Curriculum Development in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an interim report on a two-phase study of curriculum innovation in primary schools in England during one of the most significant periods of change for the last two decades. More specifically, the study addresses the challenges to school leaders created by the Rose Review of the primary curriculum. This article presents and…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane; Rhodes, Christopher

2010-01-01

267

Achieving "Sustainability Education" in Primary Schools as a Result of the Victorian Science in Schools Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education in the Australian primary school curriculum is a relatively rare event. Several studies over the past twenty five years have all reported disappointingly low amounts of science being taught and the reluctance of primary school teachers to make science a priority in their teaching. Similar outcomes have been reported for…

Gough, Annette

2004-01-01

268

Towards a Model for Research on the Effects of School Organizational Health Factors on Primary School Performance in Trinidad & Tobago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a model for research on the effects of school organizational heath factors on primary school academic achievement in Trinidad and Tobago. The model can be applicable for evaluating schools in other developing countries. As proposed, the model hypothesizes relationships between external factors (exogenous variables),…

Ramdass, Mala; Lewis, Theodore

2012-01-01

269

A Method of Reducing Classroom Requirements in Primary Schools in Asia. Occasional Paper - School Building No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to more closely relate the size of primary schools in Uttar Pradesh, India to the teaching activities, an experiment was conducted in some forty schools where classrooms were provided only for lessons for which covered space was essential. All other lessons were conducted in the open on the school site. An area utilization reduction…

Srivastava, R.D.; And Others

270

Hyperopia and educational attainment in a primary school cohort  

PubMed Central

Background: Vision screening addresses the visual impairments that impact on child development. Tests of long-sightedness are not found in most school screening programmes. The evidence linking mild-moderate hyperopia and lack of progress in school is insufficient, although strengthened by recent findings of developmental problems in infants. Aims: To report on the relation between hyperopia and education test results in a cohort of primary school children. Methods: A total of 1298 children, aged 8 years, were screened for hyperopia on the basis of fogging test results. School test results (NFER and SATs) were compared between groups categorised by referral status and refractive error. Results: A total of 166 (12.8%) fogging test failures were referred for ophthalmic assessment. Ophthalmic tests on 105 children provided an accurate diagnosis of vision defects, for reference to their education scores. Fifty per cent of the children examined by optometrists required an intervention (prescription change, glasses prescribed, or referral). Mean (95% CI) NFER scores of children with refractive errors (summed for both eyes) >+3D (98.4, 93.0–103.8, n = 32) or >+1.25D (best eye) (99.3, 93.0–105.6, n = 26) were lower than the respective scores of children with a less positive refractive state (104.8, 100.7–108.9, n = 43) (103.6, 99.7–107.4, n = 49), the non-referred group, and total sample. The SATs results followed a similar trend. A high proportion of the fogging test failures (16%) and confirmed hyperopes (29%) had been referred to an educational psychologist, and the latter group contributed substantially to the poor education scores. Conclusions: The results of this study provide further evidence for a link between hyperopia and impaired literacy standards in children.

Williams, W; Latif, A; Hannington, L; Watkins, D

2005-01-01

271

The 'feminisation of schooling' or 're-masculinising' primary education?[1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The move in the United Kingdom to recruit more men into primary teaching is to tackle boys under-achievement. One explanation that has been offered as to why boys' are under-achieving is the 'feminisation of primary schooling'. This article begins by exploring the findings of a national survey of student primary teachers towards gender roles and schooling. The views of the

Christine Skelton

2002-01-01

272

Effective Leadership of Creative Colleagues in English Primary Schools: Reality or Wishful Thinking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With English primary schools being encouraged to be creative we need to ask what the practicalities are for school leaders. It is not a question of "creative leadership" but more to do with the leadership of creativity and creative colleagues.

Lowe, Bill

2010-01-01

273

The effect of free primary education policy on late school entry in urban primary schools in Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late school entry is driven by several factors, one of the key ones being the cost barrier to schooling. Policies such as free primary education (FPE) that advocate for universal coverage are therefore partly aimed at removing the cost barrier. The Kenyan Government, like many in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), introduced FPE in 2003 with the aim of universalising access to schooling, which is one of the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) it signed up to achieve. Based on a case study of four sites in Nairobi, the aim of this paper is to assess whether the FPE policy has affected late enrolment. The data used were collected by the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) and comprise a sub-sample of 4,325 first-graders during 2000-2005. The paper applies a probit model to assess the impact of the policy on the basis of marginal effects on the predicted probability of late enrolment. The results show that the FPE policy reduces the probability of late enrolment by 14 per cent. The reduction in probability of late enrolment was greater among children residing in slums (16 per cent) than those in non-slums (9 per cent). The main implication of the findings for policy makers is that cost barriers are a likely cause of over-age enrolment.

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Mutisya, Maurice

2013-11-01

274

Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) Project: Fun Presentations for Physicists to Take into Schools Worldwide (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) project is a joint venture initiated by the UK Women in Physics Group. A team from the University of Sheffield, with Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council funding, has developed fun presentations and novel class activities using everyday articles for physicists to take into primary schools. The objectives are to instill enthusiasm in young children-including girls-through the enjoyment and excitement of physics, and support primary school teachers with a curriculum which includes many abstract concepts. All PIPS material is free to download from the Institute of Physics website (www.iop.org/pips), providing PowerPoint presentations and detailed explanations, as well as videos of the activities in classrooms. The topics are suitable for children age 4 to 11 years. There is interest in translating the presentations into other languages as there are few words on the slides and the material is likely valuable for older age groups. The presentations therefore have the potential to be useful worldwide.

Marks, Ann

2009-04-01

275

Ideas for Strengthening Mathematics Skills. Greek Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an overview of some specific schemes that have been used successfully by teachers throughout New York State to strengthen basic mathematics skills. Components offer ideas that have been successful with primary, intermediate and secondary students. The contents of this Greek language edition are identical to the English language and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Bilingual Education.

276

The New Educational Policy for the Reform of the Curriculum and the Change of School Knowledge in the Case of Greek Compulsory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks critically at Greek educational reform to the curriculum of compulsory education--reform that took place so that Greece could put into practice the decisions of the European Union of Lisbon (2000) for the contribution of education to the adaptation of the new data of the "knowledge society". Bernstein's theory about pedagogic…

Koustourakis, Gerasimos

2007-01-01

277

The Colour Of The Stars And The Pupils In The Kindergarten And The Primary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A collaboration between the author of this article and the 7th Primary school of Naousa has been established eight years ago. It started with the kindergarten of the school and has been extended to the other classes of the school, as well as to other primary schools in Naousa, including the school with physically and mentally handicapped children. The collaboration with the kindergarten has as a result the production of some handicrafts, paintings or even theatrical plays. Last school year's project was the colour of the stars and the product was a year calendar with paintings of planets, star clusters, nebulae and stars.

Tomboulides, Hariton

2006-08-01

278

A survey of learning problems in black primary school children.  

PubMed

A survey of the prevalence and types of learning disorders among Black primary school children was undertaken on the East Rand. Class teachers were given a questionnaire and asked to identify the number of children in their class with learning problems and the number of those with specific disabilities such as poor eyesight or hearing, epilepsy, physical handicaps or mental retardation. There were 7516 children in the classes surveyed; 1692 (22,4%) of them were identified by their teachers as having learning problems, while 666 (8,7%) had a physical or mental handicap. The prevalence and present status of children with learning disability need to be defined before plans to improve their education can be established. Our data show that at present classes are large and the prevalence of children with learning problems is high. Improving teachers' skills and reducing the number of children per class might improve the education of children with learning problems. PMID:7209735

Cartwright, J D; Jukes, C; Wilson, A; Xaba, D

1981-03-28

279

HIV stress in primary school teachers in Zambia.  

PubMed Central

A study was made of stress factors experienced by primary school teachers in Zambia after they had attended a course on stress management and counselling skills. Their pupils were significantly affected by poverty, death and illness of parents, fellow-pupils and teachers, teenage sex and pregnancy, violence in the home and, among girls, low self-esteem. The HIV epidemic had a major bearing on these factors, and there were wide-ranging effects on the teachers' own lives. Despite the training they had been given, many teachers felt that they could not adequately counsel their pupils on these matters. The teachers were in need of continuing support and training to enable them to cope with this aspect of their work.

Baggaley, R.; Sulwe, J.; Chilala, M.; Mashambe, C.

1999-01-01

280

New Evidence in the Search for Effective Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "School Matters" by Peter Mortimore, a rigorous longitudinal study of the effects of elementary schools in London. Concludes that school differences influence student development, and explores the connections between school leadership, classroom life, and student cognitive and noncognitive development. (FMW)

Raudenbush, Stephen W.

1990-01-01

281

Teacher Retention Problem in Girls Primary Schools in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has recently faced a tremendous reform in education that requires changes in many domains and causes a lot of challenges. A very serious challenge is teachers' retention where many teachers tend to leave their schools looking for new jobs. In independent schools as well as governmental schools, teachers switch jobs and therefore schools

Al. Sabbagh, Samah; Al. Megbali, Aisha

2008-01-01

282

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Curriculum-Based Anti-Bullying Intervention Program in Greek Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study reports the short- and long-term effects of an anti-bullying intervention program based on a particular set of curricular activities that aimed to create classroom opportunities for awareness raising, self-reflection, and problem-solving situations relevant to bullying. The core of the intervention was a four-week period during…

Andreou, Elenia; Didaskalou, Eleni; Vlachou, Anastasia

2007-01-01

283

The Metaphoric Perceptions of Primary School Teachers on the Concept of Inspection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to reveal the perceptions of primary school teachers on the concept of inspection with the help of metaphors. The data were obtained from randomly selected students of 20 primary schools in the center of Gaziantep. 418 questionnaires were evaluated. The measurement instrument consisted of 31 metaphors and one open-ended…

Toremen, Fatih; Dos, Izzet

2009-01-01

284

Teachers' Strategies of Teaching Primary School Mathematics in a Second Language: A Case of Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a study of primary school mathematics teaching in northern Botswana in order to highlight the strategies teachers use in bi/multilingual classrooms. Questionnaire and interview data collection procedures were used. The findings, which are based on responses of randomly selected primary school teachers, confirmed…

Kasule, Dan; Mapolelo, Dumma

2005-01-01

285

Developing a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale for Hong Kong Primary School-Aged Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to develop a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale (RMPFS) based on physical fitness indicators routinely used in Hong Kong primary schools. A total of 9,439 records of students' performances on physical fitness indicators, retrieved from the database of a Hong Kong primary school, were used to develop the…

Yan, Zi; Bond, Trevor G.

2011-01-01

286

Developing a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale for Hong Kong Primary School-Aged Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study was to develop a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale (RMPFS) based on physical fitness indicators routinely used in Hong Kong primary schools. A total of 9,439 records of students' performances on physical fitness indicators, retrieved from the database of a Hong Kong primary school, were used to develop the Rasch scale. Following a series

Zi Yan; Trevor G. Bond

2011-01-01

287

Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Metacognition Scale for Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop the Metacognition Scale (MS) which is designed for primary school students. The sample of the study consisted of 426 primary school students in Izmir, Turkey. In order to examine the construct validity of the MS, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed. For the validity of…

Yildiz, Eylem; Akpinar, Ercan; Tatar, Nilgun; Ergin, Omer

2009-01-01

288

The Effects of a Professional Development Programme on Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of a professional development programme on primary school teachers' perceptions of physical education was investigated. Primary school teachers from five local education authorities in England provided data for the study via pre-course audits, course evaluations immediately following the programme, and focus groups and individual…

Harris, Jo; Cale, Lorraine; Musson, Hayley

2011-01-01

289

Ethical issues in information and communication technologies: Case of Malaysian primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ethical issues in information communication technology (ICT) in Malaysian primary schools. Among ethical issues that have been identified are cyber crime, cyber bullying, internet fraud, hacking and others. However, cyber bullying are the major ethical issues in Malaysian primary schools. In this study, quantitative methodology has been chosen by distributing questionnaire among the respondents. The results

Maslin Masrom; Nadia Jamal; Nik Hasnaa Nik Mahmood; Othman Zainon; Muhammad Madi Abdullah; Hooi Lai Wan

2012-01-01

290

The Pattern of Electronic Game Use and Related Bodily Discomfort in Hong Kong Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with…

Lui, Donald P. Y.; Szeto, Grace P. Y.; Jones, Alice Y. M.

2011-01-01

291

Adaptive Behavior of Primary School Students with Visual Impairments: The Impact of Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the adaptive behavior of primary school students with visual impairments, as well as the impact of educational setting on their adaptive behavior. Instrumentation included an informal questionnaire and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Participants were 36 primary school students with visual impairments. The educational…

Metsiou, Katerina; Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2011-01-01

292

Primary School Students' Attitudes towards Computer Based Testing and Assessment in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the attitudes of primary school students towards computer based testing and assessment in terms of different variables. The sample for this research is primary school students attending a computer based testing and assessment application via CITO-OIS. The "Scale on Attitudes towards Computer Based Testing and Assessment" to…

Yurdabakan, Irfan; Uzunkavak, Cicek

2012-01-01

293

Strategies for and Successes with Promoting Social Integration in Primary Schools in Canada and China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined social integration in 11 primary schools in Canada and 19 primary schools in China as reported by teachers in terms of the strategies employed to promote social integration and success in achieving social integration. Structured interviews were conducted with 64 Canadian and 52 Chinese general education teachers. The results…

Dyson, Lily

2012-01-01

294

Teachers' Perception of the Culture of Physical Education: Investigating the Silences at Hana Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore teachers' perceptions of physical education classes in an urban Korean primary school. Furthermore, this study tried to interpret how teachers' beliefs were reflected in their teaching. One primary school with seventeen teachers was selected as the site for a case study. Data were collected by participant…

Kim, Jinhee; Taggart, Andrew

2004-01-01

295

Transition From Nursery to Primary School: Conducive to Learning? The Story of "O."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a case study of a boy's difficulty adjusting to primary school to examine how the transition from nursery to primary school can affect a child's learning experience, focusing on the child's interest in science, design, and technology in both settings. Stresses the crucial nature of parent-teacher collaboration, teacher-pupil interaction, and…

Bartholomew, Lynne; Gustafsson, Ulla

1997-01-01

296

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

297

Status of Health Appraisal Services for Primary School Children in Edo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the status of the health appraisal services provided for primary school children in Edo State, Nigeria. Using the cross-sectional survey design a total of 1506 primary school children were selected from across the state as the study participants. The analysis of data collected through a 14-item…

Ojugo, Augustine I.

2005-01-01

298

The Primary Program: Report from the Task Force on Improving Kentucky Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because the primary years are the point where specific changes are required in teaching practice and school organization, a task force examined Kentucky's primary program through school visits, interviews, expert testimony, and research. The last three years have shown marked improvement in student performance in the basics (reading, writing, and…

Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence, Lexington, KY.

299

The Challenges Faced by Female Primary School Heads: The Zimbabwean Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the affirmative action policy of females has been hailed as a milestone in their emancipation, few insights exist as regards women's challenges in leadership. Current research shows that female primary school heads face unique challenges in their substantive positions. A sample of nineteen female primary school heads in the Masvingo province of Zimbabwe responded to a questaview seeking their

Alfred Henry Makura

300

Comprehensive Guidance and Counselling Programmes in the Primary Schools of Hong Kong: Teachers' Perceptions and Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes teachers' and Life Education Coordinators' perceptions of, and involvement in, the guidance and counselling activities in primary schools in Hong Kong. Respondents who completed a survey questionnaire comprised 367 class teachers and 66 Life Education Coordinators from 82 primary schools. The results indicated that guidance…

Yuen, Mantak; Chan, Raymond M. C.; Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Gysbers, Norman C.; Shea, Peter M. K.

2007-01-01

301

Relationships between teacher organizational commitment, psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in Turkish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara participated in the study. Personal Views Survey III-R and the Organizational Commitment

Ferudun Sezgin

2009-01-01

302

Primary Literature as a Basis for a High-School Biology Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adopts primary literature as a means of developing scientific literacy among high-school biology majors. Reports on the development and implementation of a primary literature-based curriculum in developmental biology. Discusses the process of adapting original research articles to the high-school level, as well as a conversational model developed…

Yarden, Anat; Brill, Gilat; Falk, Hedda

2001-01-01

303

Cyclone-Resistant Rural Primary School Construction - A Design Guide. Educational Building Report 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of documents on design of disaster-resistant buildings, this publication treats construction of rural primary schools to resist destruction by wind and water from cyclones. Also appropriate for other buildings, material is aimed at rural primary schools because they are less likely to be professionally designed or supervised; the…

Sinnamon, Ian T.; Loo, G. A. van't

304

Behaviour-Emotional Characteristics of Primary-School Children Rated as Having Language Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Primary-school teachers are expected to detect problems related to language function, but the teachers' evaluations may be heavily influenced by gender and classroom behaviour. Aim: To investigate the relationship between language problems (LPs) and behaviour-emotional problems as rated by primary-school teachers. Methods: All…

Lundervold, A. J.; Heimann, M.; Manger, T.

2008-01-01

305

The Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours of Primary School Teachers on Their Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was examined in this study whether organizational citizenship behaviours of primary school teachers predict the level of their burnout. Correlation and multi regression analysis were used for this. Survey model was used in this descriptive study. Data were collected from 1699 primary school teachers working in Mersin. Maslach Burnout Inventory…

Inandi, Yusuf; Buyukozkan, Ayse Sezin

2013-01-01

306

Parental Choice and the Rural Primary School: Lifestyle, Locality and Loyalty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the geography of parental choice in a rural locale and shows how a group of parents negotiated their way through the process of primary school choice. Using ethnographic data collected through interviews and observations with parents and staff from three rural primary schools in England, the research utilises Bourdieu's…

Walker, Marion; Clark, Gordon

2010-01-01

307

The Primary School in Changing Times: The Australian Experience. Educational Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following substantial changes throughout the Australian education system, primary schools are no longer in the protected position of having a regulated flow of clients, a predetermined curriculum, and marginal levels of staff development. This book reviews the impact of this change on Australian primary schools, the people who are involved with…

Townsend, Tony, Ed.

308

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the New Primary School Mathematics Curriculum in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine and compare the views of primary school teachers on the implementation and effectiveness of the new primary school mathematics curriculum. For that aim, a 32-item Likert-type Mathematics Curriculum Scale was developed. The reliability of the scale was tested through Cronbach Alpha (0.98), Spearman-Brown (0.93)…

Gomleksiz, Mehmet Nuri; Bulut, Ilhami

2007-01-01

309

Self-Values Held by Primary and Secondary Education School Principals: A Case in Canakkale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research aims to describe primary and secondary education school principals' self-values and to check whether or not those values differ significantly on the basis of gender, seniority, marital status and having or not having children. The participants in the research was composed of school principals working in the primary and secondary…

Maya, Ilknur

2013-01-01

310

A Pilot Study of Using Jazz Warm Up Exercises in Primary School Choir in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study is to examine whether it is valuable to implement jazz choral practice in Hong Kong primary school setting. The findings can serve as a reference to explore the possibilities of promoting jazz education in Asian countries or in China. The participants were 70 public primary school students from grade 2 to 5 in Hong Kong. All…

Chen, Jason Chi Wai; Lee, Han Wai

2013-01-01

311

What Informs Primary School Principals' Decision-Making in Relation to Teacher Placement in Class Levels?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging decisions for primary school principals is to decide what class level each of their teachers will teach. It seems there is very little research on the way principals go about making these decisions. Government reforms have had significant impact on the role of the primary school principal in New Zealand, and a trend has…

Carlyon, Tracey; Fisher, Anthony

2012-01-01

312

The Relationship between Eighth Grade Primary School Students' Proportional Reasoning Skills and Success in Solving Equations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between eighth grade primary school students' success levels in solving equations and proportional reasoning skills. 344 eighth grade students, who were registered at various primary schools in the central districts of Konya in the 2007-2008 educational year, participated in the research. The study had a…

Cetin, Hatice; Ertekin, Erhan

2011-01-01

313

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

314

The identification of four characteristics of children’s spirituality in Australian Catholic primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In taking its theoretical impetus from hermeneutic phenomenology, the qualitative research reported in this paper aimed to identify characteristics of children’s spirituality in Australian Catholic primary schools. The videotaped life expressions of two groups of six children in each of three Australian Catholic primary schools formed the texts of this study. A reflection upon the texts, guided by van Manen’s

Brendan Hyde

2008-01-01

315

The Prevalence of ADHD among Primary School Children in an Arabian Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study is to identify Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders among primary school children in the State of Qatar. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study is conducted from March 2004 to February 2005. A total of 2,000 primary school students, ages 6 to 12, are selected, and 1,541 students (77.1%) give consent to…

Bener, Abdulbari; Al Qahtani, Razna; Abdelaal, Ibrahim

2006-01-01

316

The Use of Learning Platforms to Organise Learning in English Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the use and potentials of Learning Platform (LP) technologies for organising learning in English primary and secondary schools. It reports on the findings of qualitative research on the benefits of LPs based on data from case studies in 12 "early adopting" English primary and secondary schools. The paper reports findings on…

Jewitt, Carey; Clark, Wilma; Hadjithoma-Garstka, Christina

2011-01-01

317

Exploring Social Practices that Support Knowledge Building in a Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore how to create a social environment that support knowledge building in an Asian classroom. This paper reports the exploratory phase (October 2007 to March 2008) of an attempt at knowledge building in a primary school in Hong Kong. 16 Primary-5 students (10 boys and 6 girls) from an International Baccalaureate school participated

Mya Sioux Truonga

318

Child protection in primary schools: a contradiction in terms or a potential opportunity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the topic of child protection in Irish primary schools, and reports on a recently completed survey of newly qualified teachers’ knowledge of and familiarity with their school's child protection policies and procedures. The study was undertaken by means of a questionnaire survey, and conducted with 103 teachers from different schools. The child protection roles and responsibilities

Helen Buckley; Kathryn McGarry

2011-01-01

319

Constraints and Subsequent Limitations to Parental Involvement in Primary Schools in Abu Dhabi: Stakeholders' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is developing its public schools by initiating reform agendas for school improvement. High on the list of reforms is the call to increase parental involvement in schools. For this reform to work successfully, it is important to identify and examine the constraints and subsequent limitations that exist. Seven primary

Hourani, Rida Blaik; Stringer, Patricia; Baker, Fiona

2012-01-01

320

Physical Education for Pre-School and Primary Grades. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most physical education at the pre-school, kindergarten, and primary level is taught by caregivers and classroom teachers with minimal training in the area. This publication suggests many activities for pre-school centers and elementary schools that can take place outside in the playground with a minimal supply of equipment and with children in…

Kelly, Noeline Thompson; Kelly, Brian John

321

Responsibility for Financial Management in Primary Schools: Evidence from an English Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial management in primary schools has changed in the UK with the introduction of the Schools Financial Value Standard (SFVS). There is increasing delegation of financial responsibility to the management team in the school, increasing the role of the head teacher and the governing body as part of overall responsibility for the strategic…

Fitzgerald, Sarah; Drake, Julie

2013-01-01

322

Choice, Cost and Community: The Hidden Complexities of the Rural Primary School Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National rural policy places the local primary school as a key resource within the rural community, yet as a consequence of countywide financial constraints, some small schools are undergoing reorganization, involving amalgamation, federation and school closure. This article considers the complexities involved in the workings of the English rural…

Walker, Marion

2010-01-01

323

Learning Support Policy for Mathematics in Irish Primary Schools: Equal Access but Unequal Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper critiques learning-support policy for mathematics in Irish primary schools. The key policy question addressed is how equitable the development of the learning-support service has been in addressing low achievement in mathematics in designated schools compared to non-designated schools. The core argument developed is that there is a link…

Travers, Joseph

2010-01-01

324

Formative research on the feasibility of hygiene interventions for influenza control in UK primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase hand washing in schools have been advocated as a means to reduce the transmission of pandemic influenza and other infections. However, the feasibility and acceptability of effective school-based hygiene interventions is not clear. METHODS: A pilot study in four primary schools in East London was conducted to establish the current need for enhanced hand hygiene interventions,

Wolf-Peter Schmidt; Catherine Wloch; Adam Biran; Val Curtis; Punam Mangtani

2009-01-01

325

The Impact of Drama on Pupils' Language, Mathematics, and Attitude in Two Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research which examined the impact of The National Theatre's Transformation drama project on young pupils' reading, mathematics, attitude, self-concept and creative writing in primary schools. Two of the schools taking part in Transformation were matched to two Control schools in the first two years of the project.…

Fleming, Mike; Merrell, Christine; Tymms, Peter

2004-01-01

326

Networking for educational change: concepts, impediments and opportunities for primary school professional learning communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses approaches to collaborative practice amongst primary school headteachers in the implementation of inter?school networks. ‘Learning networks’ and ‘learning communities’ have been subject to increasing educational attention in England as part of a broader policy shift in favour of collaborative approaches to school improvement. In this small?scale study, the interactions amongst groups of headteachers were observed over a

Dave Trotman

2009-01-01

327

Networking for Educational Change: Concepts, Impediments and Opportunities for Primary School Professional Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses approaches to collaborative practice amongst primary school headteachers in the implementation of inter-school networks. "Learning networks" and "learning communities" have been subject to increasing educational attention in England as part of a broader policy shift in favour of collaborative approaches to school

Trotman, Dave

2009-01-01

328

Mass Media Education; Curriculum Guidelines for Primary Schools, Years 1-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of media education in the primary schools is presented in this curriculum guide. The impact of mass media on Australian school children in the elementary school years is explored and the contents include: (1) major assumptions, (2) preamble to the course, (3) desired outcome of the course, (4) questions for class discussion for lower…

Canavan, Kelvin B.

329

Teaching Science in the Primary School: Surveying Teacher Wellbeing and Planning for Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher-researcher in a primary school setting surveyed the middle years' teachers of her school and those in the local science hub group, to determine their confidence and satisfaction levels in relation to teaching science. Her results confirm feelings of inadequacy and reluctance to teach Science, but also indicate ways that schools can…

Morgan, Anne-Marie

2012-01-01

330

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

331

Globalization and Leadership and Management: A Comparative Analysis of Primary Schools in England and Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the impact of processes of globalization on both policy and practice in relation to primary school leadership and management in England and Finland. Data are drawn from case study research carried out from 1994-1996 in six schools in Finland and six schools in England and a follow-up study on teacher professionalism…

Webb, Rosemary; Vulliamy, Graham; Sarja, Anneli; Hamalainen, Seppo

2006-01-01

332

The Impact of AuSSI-WA at a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of the first stage of research on the impact of the Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative (AuSSI) at an independent primary school in Western Australia. A longitudinal (20 year) case study is being conducted, utilizing data related to Education for Sustainability (Emfs) at the school from 1990-2009. 2005 was a…

Lewis, Elaine; Baudains, Catherine; Mansfield, Caroline

2009-01-01

333

Children's wonder-initiated phenomenological research: A rural primary school case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents research into an award winning case study of pedagogical school renewal. The case is set in a small, rural primary school in Queensland, Australia. The ordinary approach of a staff member and student from the local university spending time at the school as Visiting Teachers became extraordinary when the adults listened to the wonder of the children

Shelley Kinash; Michelle Hoffman

2009-01-01

334

Blood lead levels of primary school children in Dhaka, Bangladesh.  

PubMed Central

Dhaka, Bangladesh, has one of the highest air lead levels in the world. In February 2000, we evaluated children at five primary schools in Dhaka to determine blood lead (BPb) levels, sources of environmental exposure, and potential risk factors for lead poisoning. Selected schools represented a range of geographic and socioeconomic strata. A total of 779 students 4-12 years of age participated. The mean BPb level was 15.0 microg/dL (range 4.2-63.1 microg/dL). Most students (87.4%) had BPb levels above the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's level of concern (10 microg/dL). Elevated BPb levels correlated with soil eating [odds ratio (OR) = 3.31; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.30-8.39], low parental education (OR = 2.72; 95% CI, 1.97-3.75), living close to major roads (OR = 2.30; 95% CI, 1.23-4.29), and increasing age (OR = 1.11; 95% CI, 1.06-1.16). BPb levels measured were similar to those in other countries that use leaded gasoline. No other potential sources of lead exposure were consistently identified. Combustion of leaded gasoline is the main source of lead exposure in Dhaka, resulting in ubiquitous contamination of the environment. The increase in BPb levels with age, a finding contrary to observations in the United States and Australia, may be related to increased outdoor activities. The Bangladeshi government recently announced a plan to eliminate leaded gasoline. Baseline BPb surveys are critical to develop and evaluate intervention policies. Strategies to reduce BPb levels need to address variations in socioeconomic status, construction type and location of housing, and levels of hygiene.

Kaiser, R; Henderson, A K; Daley, W R; Naughton, M; Khan, M H; Rahman, M; Kieszak, S; Rubin, C H

2001-01-01

335

A Prototype Greek Text to Greek Sign Language Conversion System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language (GSL) conversion system is presented. The system is integrated into an educational platform that addresses the needs of teaching GSL grammar and was developed within the SYNENNOESE project (Efthimiou "et al." 2004a. Developing an e-learning platform for the Greek sign language. "In":…

Kouremenos, Dimitris; Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita; Efthimiou, Eleni; Ntalianis, Klimis

2010-01-01

336

School-based obesity prevention in Chilean primary school children: methodology and evaluation of a controlled study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:To assess the impact of a 6 months nutrition education and physical activity intervention on primary school children through changes in adiposity and physical fitness.DESIGN: Longitudinal school-based controlled evaluation study.SUBJECTS: Children from 1st to 8th grade, 2141 in intervention and 945 in control schools.INTERVENTION: Nutrition education for children and parents, ‘healthier’ kiosks, 90 min of additional physical activity (PA) weekly,

J Kain; R Uauy; Albala; F Vio; R Cerda; B Leyton

2004-01-01

337

Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Methods: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected…

Sacchetti, Rossella; Ceciliani, Andrea; Garulli, Andrea; Dallolio, Laura; Beltrami, Patrizia; Leoni, Erica

2013-01-01

338

Primary School, School-Based Decision Making, Family Resource/Youth Services Centers. First Year Reports to the Prichard Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three reports by national consultants assess first year progress in implementing state mandated educational reforms in Kentucky. First, "The Status of Primary School Reform in Kentucky and Its Implications," by James Rath, Lilian Katz, and John Fanning, reports on site visits to 14 public schools to assess progress in implementing the…

Raths, James; And Others

339

Investigating the effects of metacognitive instruction in learning primary school science in some schools in Ethiopia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metacognition is increasingly recognized as an important component in successful learning. In science, metacognitive instructional interventions have been successfully incorporated to promote conceptual change learning, facilitate negotiating and constructing of meanings, and foster reading and problem solving abilities of learners. The present study investigated the contribution of three metacognitive instructional methods, namely graphic organizers, metacognitive reflection, and metacognitive reading in learning science among primary school students (age 10-14 years) in Mekelle, Ethiopia. The metacognitive instructional methods were believed to be efficient to introduce and transform learner-centeredness in science instruction under Ethiopia's primary school settings by allowing students to think productively and regulate their own learning. Qualitative study indicated that the metacognitive instructional methods fostered student conceptual understanding of science topics and enhanced active student participation. Quantitative study of post-scores of Immediate test-groups revealed that graphic organizers had some contribution in helping students perform better in 'application' type tests. Metacognitive reflection activities enabled students to perform better in 'application' and 'transfer' type tests as well as enhancing mean post-test scores. Metacognitive reading activities did not yield any apparent effects on post-intervention tests. The effects of the metacognitive methods were diminished among Delayed post-test groups.

Sbhatu, Desta Berhe

340

Subjective and objective speech intelligibility investigations in primary school classrooms.  

PubMed

This work concerns speech intelligibility tests and measurements in three primary schools in Italy, one of which was conducted before and after an acoustical treatment. Speech intelligibility scores (IS) with different reverberation times (RT) and types of noise were obtained using diagnostic rhyme tests on 983 pupils from grades 2-5 (nominally 7-10 year olds), and these scores were then correlated with the Speech Transmission Index (STI). The grade 2 pupils understood fewer words in the lower STI range than the pupils in the higher grades, whereas an IS of ~97% was achieved by all the grades with a STI of 0.9. In the presence of traffic noise, which resulted the most interfering noise, a decrease in RT from 1.6 to 0.4 s determined an IS increase on equal A-weighted speech-to-noise level difference, S/N(A), which varied from 13% to 6%, over the S/N(A) range of -15 to +6 dB, respectively. In the case of babble noise, whose source was located in the middle of the classroom, the same decrease in reverberation time leads to a negligible variation in IS over a similar S/N(A) range. PMID:22280588

Astolfi, Arianna; Bottalico, Pasquale; Barbato, Giulio

2012-01-01

341

Evaluation of implementation and effect of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjectives: To implement a school based health promotion programme aimed at reducing risk factors for obesity and to evaluate the implementation process and its effect on the school.Design: Data from 10 schools participating in a group randomised controlled crossover trial were pooled and analysed.Setting: 10 primary schools in Leeds.Participants: 634 children (350 boys and 284 girls) aged 7-11 years.Main outcome

Pinki Sahota; Mary C J Rudolf; Rachael Dixey; Andrew J Hill; Julian H Barth; Janet Cade

2001-01-01

342

The relationship between early childhood education and primary school academic achievement in Solomon Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper determines the relationship between early childhood education and primary school academic achievement in Solomon\\u000a Islands. By identifying factors within early childhood education programmes that influence children’s primary school academic\\u000a achievement, this study seeks to offer additional understanding about the relationships between early childhood and primary\\u000a education that may be utilized by educators, policy planners at all levels, and

Diana E. Guild

2000-01-01

343

Greek theories on eugenics.  

PubMed Central

With the recent developments in the Human Genome Mapping Project and the new technologies that are developing from it there is a renewal of concern about eugenic applications. Francis Galton (b1822, d1911), who developed the subject of eugenics, suggested that the ancient Greeks had contributed very little to social theories of eugenics. In fact the Greeks had a profound interest in methods of supplying their city states with the finest possible progeny. This paper therefore reviews the works of Plato (The Republic and Politics) and Aristotle (The Politics and The Athenian Constitution) which have a direct bearing on eugenic techniques and relates them to methods used in the present century.

Galton, D J

1998-01-01

344

Assessing the Primary Schools--A Multi-Dimensional Approach: A School Level Analysis Based on Indian Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary education is essential for the economic development in any country. Most studies give more emphasis to the final output (such as literacy, enrolment etc.) rather than the delivery of the entire primary education system. In this paper, we study the school level data from an Indian district, collected under the official DISE statistics. We…

Sengupta, Atanu; Pal, Naibedya Prasun

2012-01-01

345

The impact of school quality, socioeconomic factors, and child health on students’ academic performance: evidence from Sri Lankan primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the eight Millennium Development Goals is that all children in developing countries should complete primary education. Much progress has been made toward this goal, but completing primary school does not ensure that students attain basic literacy and numeracy skills. Indeed, there is ample evidence that many children in developing countries are not learning these basic skills. This raises

Harsha Aturupane; Paul Glewwe; Suzanne Wisniewski

2011-01-01

346

Affordances and Constraints of a Wiki for Primary-School Students' Group Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined a wiki as a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment at upper primary level. A total of 388 Hong Kong Primary-five (P5) students in four Chinese primary schools used a wiki platform within the context of their group projects in General Studies (GS) classes. Adopting a mixed-methods design, qualitative and…

Fu, Huijuan; Chu, Samuel; Kang, Wenxia

2013-01-01

347

Girls' Drop-Out from Primary Schooling in the Middle East and North Africa: Challenges and Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present situation in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) regarding primary school drop-out and repetition, with special reference to the situation of the girl child, is examined in this study. The in-school as well as out-of-school causes of primary school drop-out are examined, and solutions that help reduce or eliminate the…

Mehrah, Golnar

348

Primary Teachers' Understanding of Four Chemical Phenomena: Effect of an In-Service Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and thirty Greek primary school teachers participated in a study, where the effectiveness of a specially designed intervention on chemical changes was tested. The study took place in the wider context of an in-service training course where the key feature was an innovative approach based on the concept of a substance and its…

Papageorgiou, George; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Johnson, Philip

2013-01-01

349

Greek Cephalopod Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although Greece is a relatively minor fishing nation, seafood plays an important role in the Greek diet with the consumption of cephalopodes especially squid, at just under 2 kg per person--one of the highest levels in Europe. Consumer eating habits are g...

B. Ross

1990-01-01

350

Pedagogy--How Is It Influenced in Primary Schools? A Comparative Study of Literature about Pedagogical Influences in Primary Schools in England and Poland, with a Focus on English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical review of recent literature comparing pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland. It identifies curriculum, assessment, leadership, teacher perceptions and personal fears as immense influences on pedagogy and considers how these factors influence pedagogy. Comparison of England's prescriptive…

Allison, Ewa Barbara

2010-01-01

351

Factors influencing access to primary health care via school health services.  

PubMed

The school health and community primary health care contacts were studied for a group of elementary school children who have sociodemographic characteristics often associated with poor access to primary health services. The school system is engaged in a demonstration project that attempts to link the home with community and school services. Visits to the school health room accounted for 85% of all contacts. A visit rate of 1.13 visits/child/year occurred at primary care sites. Ethnicity is the single most important predictor of use of school health services, followed by family status and number of visits for primary health care in the community. In contrast, use of community primary care facilities is best predicted by socioeconomic status (SES), family status, and sex. The patterns of care received by the population were characterized. Children whose care was initiated, referred, or facilitated by the school were designated as receiving "interactive" care, which occurred mostly among minority and lower SES children. The data suggest that the school provides access to preventive health care for all children and facilitates care for segments of the population that usually have difficulty achieving access to the health care system. PMID:7360549

Nader, P R; Gilman, S; Bee, D E

1980-03-01

352

Morality, Power and Leadership--Primary School Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Reform Act of 1988 introduced both a National Curriculum and a regime of inspection designed to ensure that schools were adequately meeting the demands of this curriculum. At the same time schools were being given greater autonomy through the increased powers of the governing body and open enrolment. Rather than add to the freedoms…

Hammersley-Fletcher, Linda

2007-01-01

353

Maltreatment of Primary School Students by Educational Staff in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 5,472 Israeli students (grades 4-6) found almost a third reported being emotionally maltreated by a staff member and more than a fifth reported physical maltreatment. The most vulnerable students were males, students in Arab schools, and students in schools with high rates of low-income and low-education families. (Contains…

Benbenishty, Rami; Zeira, Anat; Astor, Ron Avi; Khoury-Kassabri, Mona

2002-01-01

354

Developing a Language Support Model for Mainstream Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, speech and language therapists (SLTs) work with teachers to support children with language impairment (LI) in mainstream schools. Consultancy approaches are often used, where SLTs advise educational staff who then deliver language-learning activities. However, some research suggests that schools may not always sustain activities as…

McCartney, Elspeth; Ellis, Sue; Boyle, James; Turnbull, Mary; Kerr, Jane

2010-01-01

355

Reaching Marginal Students: A Primary Concern for School Renewal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the conditions for learning from the perspective of those students for whom schools are not productive and satisfying settings. Both current and desired characteristics of school environments are examined from the standpoint of their effect on marginal students. Questions probed include how difficulties begin and why individuals…

Sinclair, Robert L.; Ghory, Ward J.

356

Pupil Composition and Accountability: An Analysis in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of social class and prior achievement composition effects on pupils' progress and the judgements made about school performance. It finds that there are small but significant compositional effects on pupil progress raising questions about how pupils can best be allocated to schools. Comparisons between the official…

Lauder, Hugh; Kounali, Daphne; Robinson, Tony; Goldstein, Harvey

2010-01-01

357

The Professional Growth of a Primary School Teacher Engaged in an Innovative Primary Science Trial Curriculum Development Project Utilising Satellite Broadcasting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of effective science programs in primary schools is of continuing interest and concern for teacher educators. Recent Australian national initiatives have been designed to foster the teaching of science in primary schools. At the provincial level in Queensland, decisions concerning the planning and introduction of a new primary

Ginns, Ian S.; Watters, James J.

358

Primary School Managers' Knowledge of and Attitude towards Epilepsy among Children in Erbil City, Iraq  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the knowledge and attitudes of primary school managers regarding epilepsy among school children in Erbil City, Iraq. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in primary schools between 18 June and 18 August 2013. A total of 80 primary school managers were selected to answer a questionnaire covering three domains: socio-demographical characteristics, knowledge of epilepsy and attitudes towards epilepsy. Results: More than half of the participants (55%) had spent less than 10 years in school administration. More than one-third (37.5%) of the participants believed that epilepsy was an infectious disease, and over half of the respondents (53.75%) stated that epilepsy cannot be treated or prevented. Conclusion: Although the respondents’ attitudes towards pupils with epilepsy were generally positive, their knowledge of epilepsy was imperfect; thus, an epilepsy education campaign is required. This should focus on the causes of epilepsy and its management.

Abdulla, Salih A.

2014-01-01

359

Teaching Astronomy in Catalonia (Spain): Some Experiences in Primary and Secondary School.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A methodological approach to astronomy teaching based on experiments that can be carried out with inexpensive instruments was developed. At primary school, the Sun, the Moon, and the Solar System are introduced. An approach to teaching equatorial coordina...

R. Estallela B. Sanahuja G. Rossello M. A. Catala-poch E. Buchaca

1986-01-01

360

Identification of the sources of primary organic aerosols at urban schools: A molecular marker approach.  

PubMed

Children are particularly susceptible to air pollution and schools are examples of urban microenvironments that can account for a large portion of children's exposure to airborne particles. Thus this paper aimed to determine the sources of primary airborne particles that children are exposed to at school by analyzing selected organic molecular markers at 11 urban schools in Brisbane, Australia. Positive matrix factorization analysis identified four sources at the schools: vehicle emissions, biomass burning, meat cooking and plant wax emissions accounting for 45%, 29%, 16% and 7%, of the organic carbon respectively. Biomass burning peaked in winter due to prescribed burning of bushland around Brisbane. Overall, the results indicated that both local (traffic) and regional (biomass burning) sources of primary organic aerosols influence the levels of ambient particles that children are exposed at the schools. These results have implications for potential control strategies for mitigating exposure at schools. PMID:24842381

Crilley, Leigh R; Qadir, Raeed M; Ayoko, Godwin A; Schnelle-Kreis, Jürgen; Abbaszade, Gülcin; Orasche, Jürgen; Zimmermann, Ralf; Morawska, Lidia

2014-08-01

361

Students' perceptions about science: The impact of transition from primary to secondary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As students move through school, attitudes to school in general, and science in particular, become less positive. This paper reports on a longitudinal study which mapped, from the students' point of view, the transition between primary and secondary school in Western Australia. The study focused on the subject of science, and used both quantitative and qualitative methods. During the transition, there is a considerable change in the organisation of the school, the curriculum and the teacherstudent relationship. Students in this study, especially the girls, were generally disenchanted with the teaching strategies used in their secondary science classrooms, and regretted the loss of the close teacher-student relationship of their primary school years. Their perceptions were that science in secondary school was not what they had expected, and this experience may have long term implications for their subject and career choices.

Speering, Wendy; Rennie, Léonie

1996-09-01

362

Assessing the Accuracy and Feasibility of a Refractive Error Screening Program Conducted by School Teachers in Pre-Primary and Primary Schools in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Introduction As part of the development of a system for the screening of refractive error in Thai children, this study describes the accuracy and feasibility of establishing a program conducted by teachers. Objective To assess the accuracy and feasibility of screening by teachers. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted in 17 schools in four provinces representing four geographic regions in Thailand. A two-staged cluster sampling was employed to compare the detection rate of refractive error among eligible students between trained teachers and health professionals. Serial focus group discussions were held for teachers and parents in order to understand their attitude towards refractive error screening at schools and the potential success factors and barriers. Results The detection rate of refractive error screening by teachers among pre-primary school children is relatively low (21%) for mild visual impairment but higher for moderate visual impairment (44%). The detection rate for primary school children is high for both levels of visual impairment (52% for mild and 74% for moderate). The focus group discussions reveal that both teachers and parents would benefit from further education regarding refractive errors and that the vast majority of teachers are willing to conduct a school-based screening program. Conclusion Refractive error screening by health professionals in pre-primary and primary school children is not currently implemented in Thailand due to resource limitations. However, evidence suggests that a refractive error screening program conducted in schools by teachers in the country is reasonable and feasible because the detection and treatment of refractive error in very young generations is important and the screening program can be implemented and conducted with relatively low costs.

Teerawattananon, Kanlaya; Myint, Chaw-Yin; Wongkittirux, Kwanjai; Teerawattananon, Yot; Chinkulkitnivat, Bunyong; Orprayoon, Surapong; Kusakul, Suwat; Tengtrisorn, Supaporn; Jenchitr, Watanee

2014-01-01

363

Feminising and Masculinising Primary Teaching: A Critical Examination of the Interpretive Frameworks of Male Primary School Principals in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past two decades, the feminisation of primary school teaching has been identified by the media and government officials in Western countries as an important contributing factor to boys' academic problems. This panic, which has been criticised by feminists as a backlash and a form of recuperative politics, has promoted the development of…

Chan, Anita K. W.

2011-01-01

364

Oral Health Status among Primary School Children in the Soc Son District, Hanoi City, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Vietnam, caries prevalence of 56.6% among 12 year old children (in 2001) has been public health major concern. Two-hundred-twenty-eight school children in 3 primary schools who had received the School- Based Dental Program over five years were studied by cross-sectional survey during Jan. 2008. The purpose of this study was to address oral health status and related factors among

Dao Le Nam Trung; Nonglak Pancharuniti; Boonyong Keiwkarnka

365

The attitudes of hong kong primary school principals toward integrated education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive attitudes of key stakeholders, such as school principals, towards a new policy are considered a necessary pre-requisite\\u000a to implement any such policy. Hong Kong has recently formulated a policy that supports the integration of students with disabilities\\u000a into regular schools. This study investigated the attitudes of Hong Kong primary school principals toward integration, with\\u000a a view to determining if

Umesh Sharma; Emily W. S. Chow

2008-01-01

366

Globalization and leadership and management: a comparative analysis of primary schools in England and Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the impact of processes of globalization on both policy and practice in relation to primary school leadership and management in England and Finland. Data are drawn from case study research carried out from 1994–1996 in six schools in Finland and six schools in England and a follow?up study on teacher professionalism (2001–2002) that involved 37 of the

Rosemary Webb; Graham Vulliamy; Anneli Sarja; Seppo Hämäläinen

2006-01-01

367

Prevalence of Streaming in UK Primary Schools: Evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adoption of streaming in the primary school (where children are placed in a class on the basis of measures of attainment and remain in that class all of the time) was commonplace when the 11 plus examination was used to select children for grammar school places. During the 1950s and 1960s the practice died out with most children being taught…

Hallam, Susan; Parsons, Samantha

2013-01-01

368

Introducing Consultancy Supervision in a Primary School for Children with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a pilot study where consultancy supervision was introduced into a primary school for pupils with SEBD in England. School staff engaged with supervision and evaluated their experience through a quantitative and qualitative methodology. The paper explores the nature of supervision, the qualities of the supervisory relationship…

Austin, Della

2010-01-01

369

Environmental Education in Serbian Primary Schools: Challenges and Changes in Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The protection of human health and the preservation of the environment are topics that form an integral part of the primary school curriculum in Serbia. However, research studies have shown that students do not have enough knowledge to contribute to the development of a healthy lifestyle and environmental awareness. The latest changes in school

Stanišic, Jelena; Maksic, Slavica

2014-01-01

370

Primary School Teachers' Concerns about the Integration of Students with Special Needs in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Singapore, like industrialized Western nations, faces similar challenges in the public school system in that increasingly, more students at risk, as well as those with special needs attend general education programs. This paper presents the concerns of primary school teachers working with students with disabilities in general education classrooms…

Tam, Kai-Yung Brian; Seevers, Randy; Gardner, Ralph, III; Heng, Mary Anne

2006-01-01

371

Informing One-to-One Computing in Primary Schools: Student Use of Netbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although one-to-one laptop programs are being introduced in many schools, minimal research has been conducted regarding their effectiveness in primary schools. Evidence-based research is needed to inform significant funding, deployment and student use of computers. This article analyses key findings from a study conducted in four Year 7 classrooms…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

372

Toward Effective Teaching and Learning: Stories of Primary Schools' Environmental Science Interest and Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides some stories of primary school teachers' and students' experiences of implementing new science teaching and learning strategies through an action research process that have also led to more environmental education occurring in the schools' curriculum. The stories have been constructed from the coordinators' journals,…

Gough, Annette; Sharpley, Brian

2005-01-01

373

The Tyranny of Setting (Ability Grouping): Challenges to Inclusion in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debate around the use of ability grouping in schools, resonates across national boundaries as concerns rise around the possible negative impact on young people, particularly those in already disadvantaged groups. In this paper, a survey focussing on primary schools in Scotland established the extent to which some form of ability grouping has…

Hamilton, Lorna; O'Hara, Paul

2011-01-01

374

Late Entry into Primary School in Developing Societies: Findings from Cross-National Household Surveys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late entry into primary school is a widespread phenomenon in developing countries. Students who enter school late are more likely to repeat grades, drop out and perform more poorly. Yet the phenomenon has received little scholarly attention, and there is a dearth of cross-national data. In this paper, we draw on data from the Multiple Indicator…

Nonoyama-Tarumi, Yuko; Loaiza, Edilberto; Engle, Patrice L.

2010-01-01

375

Child Protection in Primary Schools: A Contradiction in Terms or a Potential Opportunity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the topic of child protection in Irish primary schools, and reports on a recently completed survey of newly qualified teachers' knowledge of and familiarity with their school's child protection policies and procedures. The study was undertaken by means of a questionnaire survey, and conducted with 103 teachers from different…

Buckley, Helen; McGarry, Kathryn

2011-01-01

376

The social position and development of pupils with SEN in mainstream Dutch primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since August 2003, pupils with auditory, communicative, motor, mental or multiple disabilities, as well as severe behavioural\\/emotional problems, in The Netherlands have been entitled to receive a pupil?bound budget when attending a mainstream school. The first experiences with this budget in regular Dutch primary schools are described in this paper. The focus is on the social position and development of

Marloes Koster; Sip Jan Pijl; Els van Houten; Han Nakken

2007-01-01

377

Revolution, Evolution or a Trojan Horse? Piloting Assessment for Learning in Some Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses some of the findings of an evaluation of Project One of the "Assessment is for Learning" Development Programme in 16 Scottish primary schools and two junior high schools in which teachers developed formative assessment strategies aimed at improving teaching and learning. Drawing on data from pupils, teachers and parents, the…

Kirton, Alison; Hallam, Susan; Peffers, Jack; Robertson, Pamela; Stobart, Gordon

2007-01-01

378

Reflections on a Primary School Teacher Professional Development Programme on Learning English through Process Drama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents the authors' reflections on a teacher professional development programme conducted in 38 Hong Kong primary schools on the teaching of English through Process Drama. The authors draw upon the views of school principals, subject panel head teachers, English teachers, students and parents in focus group interviews to examine…

To, Lai-wa Dora; Chan, Yuk-lan Phoebe; Lam, Yin Krissy; Tsang, Shuk-kuen Yvonne

2011-01-01

379

Uneven Distribution of Novice Teachers in the Chilean Primary School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the allocation of novice primary teachers in Chilean schools, looking at their characteristics and at the attributes of the schools at which they are hired after having completed their initial teacher training. The study reveals that in Chile, more qualified novice teachers are more prone to get jobs in socio-economically…

Meckes, Lorena; Bascope, Martin

2012-01-01

380

Primary School Principals and the Purposes of Education in Australia: Results of a National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report the results of a national survey of government primary school principals in Australia, investigating the purposes of education, in terms of the importance and level of enactment of those purposes in schools. Design/methodology/approach: In 2009, an electronic survey was distributed to government…

Cranston, Neil; Mulford, Bill; Keating, Jack; Reid, Alan

2010-01-01

381

Parent Involvement in a Low-Income Neighborhood Primary School: A Program Illustration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementation of the Parent Involvement Program at a low income neighborhood primary school involved training teachers; selecting and training the home-school liaison person and involving parents. Since its inception in 1979 participation of the approximately 400 parents in parent teacher conferences increased from about 0.5% to 100% and…

Henning-Stout, Mary; Goode, Linda A.

1986-01-01

382

A Longitudinal Analysis of Sex Differences in Math and Spatial Skills in Primary School Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on a longitudinal study designed to assess possible sex differences in math achievement, math ability, and math-related tasks during the primary school age years. Participants included over 200 children from one public school district. Annual assessments included measures of math ability, math calculation achievement scores, rapid naming…

Lachance, Jennifer A.; Mazzocco, Michele M. M.

2006-01-01

383

A longitudinal analysis of sex differences in math and spatial skills in primary school age children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a longitudinal study designed to assess possible sex differences in math achievement, math ability, and math-related tasks during the primary school age years. Participants included over 200 children from one public school district. Annual assessments included measures of math ability, math calculation achievement scores, rapid naming and decoding tasks, visual perception tests, visual motor tasks, and reading

Jennifer A. Lachance; Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

2006-01-01

384

Delayed Primary School Enrollment and Childhood Malnutrition in Ghana. An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated why the primary school enrollment of children in poor countries is often delayed despite the prediction made by human capital theory that schooling will begin at the earliest possible age. Using data from the 1988-89 Ghana Living Standards Survey household questionnaire, the study examined the age of enrollment,…

Glewwe, Paul; Jacoby, Hanan

385

The Momentum behind the International Primary Curriculum in Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year 2007 saw a discrete yet significant development in the sphere of "international education" in England: a doubling in number of state-funded schools offering the International Primary Curriculum. This curriculum had been developed in 2000 for the Shell Company Group of Schools. It first emerged in England in 2003; two years later it had…

Bunnell, Tristan

2010-01-01

386

The distribution of ringworm infections among primary school children in Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was carried out on the distribution of ringworm infections among school children in four primary schools in Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria. Out of a total population of 6 987, 237 (3.4%) were found to be infected by this disease. There was a high incidence of both scalp and foot ringworms among the infected children. Fourteen species of

C. I. C. Ogbonna; R. O. Robinson; J. M. Abubakar

1985-01-01

387

Learning Disabilities among Primary School Children in Botswana: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study attempted to document the existence and incidence of learning disabilities (LD) among primary school children in Botswana. The study also sought to identify effective identification procedures and to determine if LD students are unique to technologically-oriented societies. Data were collected on 620 children from 4 schools (2…

Yoder, John H.; Kibria, K. F. M. Gholam

388

The Environmental Perceptions and Information Sources of Some Welsh Primary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaires were distributed to primary schools across Wales in order to determine sources of environmental information and to consider how year 6 children perceive environmental issues. Television and school were the most commonly used sources of environmental information while the internet was used very little. (Author/SAH)

Moakes, J.; Bond, A. J.

2001-01-01

389

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-143-2136, Western Primary School, Russiaville, Indiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to a request from the Indiana State Teachers Association, a study was undertaken of indoor air quality at the Western Primary School (SIC-8211), Russiaville, Indiana. There had been many and various health complaints attributed by teachers and students to the environment of the school building. During the initial visit, the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system was

K. W. Hanley; T. Wilcox; M. Klein

1991-01-01

390

The Social Position and Development of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since August 2003, pupils with auditory, communicative, motor, mental or multiple disabilities, as well as severe behavioural/emotional problems, in The Netherlands have been entitled to receive a pupil-bound budget when attending a mainstream school. The first experiences with this budget in regular Dutch primary schools are described in this…

Koster, Marloes; Pijl, Sip Jan; van Houten, Els; Nakken, Han

2007-01-01

391

Quasi-Experimental Estimates of Class Size Effect in Primary Schools in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we analyze class size effects in the case of primary schools in Poland. We use two empirical strategies to avoid endogeneity bias. First, we use average class size in a grade as an instrumental variable for actual class size. This allows us to control for within school selection of pupils with different abilities to classes of…

Jakubowski, Maciej; Sakowski, Pawel

2006-01-01

392

Urging Inclusion for Interculturalism: Fostering Excellence in a Cypriot Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and implementation of inclusive practices can potentially enhance intercultural education. Through the case study of a primary school in Cyprus, we investigated the practices that were developed and applied by the school itself, which aimed to reduce the marginalisation of students who came from abroad. The practices relate to the…

Hajisoteriou, Christina; Angelides, Panayiotis; Costi, Andri; Hadjiaggeli, Maria

2011-01-01

393

Monetary Consumption Benefits and the Demand for Primary Schooling in Haiti.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes Haiti's increased primary school enrollment since 1972 in terms of return on family investment. Discusses the high rates of return to capital in conditions of extreme poverty, and the influences that hope, U.S. immigration policies, and school meal and insurance programs have had on enrollment. Contains 20 references. (SV)

Easton, Peter A.; Fass, Simon M.

1989-01-01

394

Children's Rights in Practice: A Study of Change within a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might a concern with children's spirituality "touch down" within the different spaces, discourses and performances within a school? This article is concerned with the affordances of children's rights discourse in relation to young people's participation, deliberation, and ethical work upon the self, within one primary school in Scotland. We…

I'Anson, John; Allan, Julie

2006-01-01

395

EXTRA-PARENTAL EDUCATION AND EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN, CHITWAN, NEPAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the impact of household education on educational enrollment can influence future programs in formal as well as nonformal agricultural education. This paper reports the impact of household education on primary school enrollment in Nepal. Extra- parental education in the household is expected to be associated with higher over all school enrollments of children in the households. The study utilized

Purandhar Dhital; Joan S. Thomson; Constance A. Flanagan

396

How are Leaders Integrating the Ideology of Globalisation in Primary School Contexts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study carried out research focusing on diverse learners, such as pupils who have English as additional language (EAL) in primary schools in the Midlands, England. Essentially, we wanted to know how they are supported to become global learners. Therefore, questions were posed to school leaders on their understanding of the concept of…

Mistry, Malini; Sood, Krishan

2013-01-01

397

Reaching out to Primary Schools: The Bristol ChemLabS Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local universities and other higher education establishments represent a huge potential resource for primary schools that is often untapped. The School of Chemistry at Bristol University has recently become a Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL), the only one in the country in chemistry. The authors' project, known as Bristol…

Shallcross, Dudley; Harrison, Timothy; Wallington, Sarah; Nicholson, Heather

2006-01-01

398

Understanding the Mental Health Needs of Primary School Children in an Inner-City Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing awareness of mental health problems among children, and schools are increasingly being encouraged to take a wider role in preventing mental health difficulties. Local population studies are needed to inform delivery of universal through to targeted services. In the current study, parents and teachers of 2% of primary school

Hackett, Latha; Theodosiou, Louise; Bond, Caroline; Blackburn, Clare; Spicer, Freya; Lever, Rachel

2010-01-01

399

The Principals of Primary Schools Ideas on Their School Development Strategies and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school improvement came into question that schools meet the educational needs has been made to make it more effective, changing in parallel globalization. The purpose of school improvement is to rise levels of student achievement and school environment to increase participation. In this context, the basic aim of this study was to determine the…

Sahin, Idris

2013-01-01

400

Promoting the Social and Emotional Health of Primary School-Aged Children: Reviewing the Evidence Base for School - Based Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools are key settings for promoting the social and emotional health and well-being of children. This study investigated the effectiveness of interventions to improve the social and emotional well-being of primary school-aged children. The protocol development stage of the proposed systematic review identified related and comparable research reviews, indicating a more useful review of reviews. Eight reviews of intervention effectiveness

Julie Green; Faline Howes; Elizabeth Waters; Elise Maher; Frank Oberklaid

2005-01-01

401

Reflections on the Cockcroft Report: Primary School Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cockcroft Report, which inquired into the teaching of mathematics in English schools, is reviewed. Its language and findings are compared with other reports, and extensive comments are made on both the learning of mathematics and the mathematics curriculum. (MNS)

Choat, Ernest

1983-01-01

402

Comparison of chronic suppurative otitis media in rural and urban primary school children in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

Objectives: To compare chronic suppurative otitis media prevalence in rural and urban primary school children in Bangladesh, and to determine its relationship with specific sociodemographic factors. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, 681 rural primary school children from Shibpur upazilla, Narsingdi district, and 964 urban primary school children from Dhaka Metropolitan City, underwent an ENT check-up by doctors trained in ENT. Their parents or guardians were interviewed with regard to their sociodemographic status and other related issues using a pre-tested protocol. Results: In this study, 6.02 per cent of the rural primary school children and 2.07 per cent of the urban primary school children had chronic suppurative otitis media. (Overall, 3.71 per cent of the children had the disorder.) The disorder was slightly more prevalent among girls than boys in both rural (6.05 vs 5.98 per cent) and urban (2.33 vs 1.82 per cent) communities. There was a significant association between the presence of chronic suppurative otitis media in children and: parents' or guardians' occupation and their annual income, housing type, family size, maternal education, and bathing habit. Conclusion: Improvement of associated sociodemographic factors would reduce the prevalence and resultant complications of chronic suppurative otitis media in primary school children in developing countries. PMID:24895917

Shaheen, M M; Nahar, S

2014-06-01

403

Survey of administration of medicines to pupils in primary schools within the London area  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine the policy, administration, and supervision of medicine administration in primary schools within the Greater London area (GLA). Design: A prospective survey using postal questionnaires sent to 172 randomly selected primary schools within the GLA. Participants: Head teachers of primary schools. Results: Some 65% of head teachers replied. Less than 50% of responding head teachers had actually read the national guidelines Supporting Pupils with Medical Needs and only 30% of respondents were aware of other members of staff who had read the document. A total of 95% of respondents followed a policy/procedure in caring for the medical needs of pupils. Over 80% of respondents had staff handling the pupils' medical needs, staff handling access to stored medicines, and prior arrangements for staff training. However, it is worrying that a quarter of the schools did not keep a written record of medicines given to children in schools. The majority of staff with responsibility for medicine administration in schools are support staff. The most encouraging findings were that for the majority of schools with children using the EpiPen and rectal diazepam, there were trained staff to administer these medicines. Conclusions: The majority of schools had a policy in place to deal with medicine administration, although further work should be conducted to analyse the content of such policies. It is very important that training is directed at staff responsible for medicine administration and not just at teachers. Most schools were willing to administer rectal diazepam and EpiPen treatment in an emergency.

Wong, I; Awolowo, T; Gordon, K; Mo, Y

2004-01-01

404

The effect of federal grants on medical schools' production of primary care physicians.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. Title VII of the Health Professions Educational Assistance Act of 1976 was created to encourage the production of primary care physicians. This study explored recent trends in the proportion of US medical school graduates entering primary care in relationship to Title VII funding. METHODS. The American Medical Association Physician Masterfile was used to determine the specialty choice of all students graduating from American medical schools between 1960 and 1985. RESULTS. The proportion of graduates entering primary care rose from 19.7% in 1967 to 31.1% in 1976 and remained stable for the subsequent decade. The increase occurred before implementation of Title VII. Rural, state-owned medical schools with departments of family medicine tend to produce a greater proportion of primary care physicians than urban private schools without family medicine departments. CONCLUSIONS. The values of American medical schools and the reward structure of American medical practice favor the production of specialists over primary care physicians. Although Title VII helped to encourage and sustain the development of primary care educational programs at both the medical student and graduate levels, an increase in the proportion of primary care physicians will require fundamental changes.

Rosenblatt, R A; Whitcomb, M E; Cullen, T J; Lishner, D M; Hart, L G

1993-01-01

405

The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus  

PubMed Central

We characterize the statistical law according to which Italian primary school-size distributes. We find that the school-size can be approximated by a log-normal distribution, with a fat lower tail that collects a large number of very small schools. The upper tail of the school-size distribution decreases exponentially and the growth rates are distributed with a Laplace PDF. These distributions are similar to those observed for firms and are consistent with a Bose-Einstein preferential attachment process. The body of the distribution features a bimodal shape suggesting some source of heterogeneity in the school organization that we uncover by an in-depth analysis of the relation between schools-size and city-size. We propose a novel cluster methodology and a new spatial interaction approach among schools which outline the variety of policies implemented in Italy. Different regional policies are also discussed shedding lights on the relation between policy and geographical features.

Belmonte, Alessandro; Di Clemente, Riccardo; Buldyrev, Sergey V.

2014-01-01

406

The Primary School Curriculum: Policies of Environmental Education in Bangladesh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of environmental awareness and environmental education in Bangladesh. Presents a statement of the principal aims and objectives of environmental education at the primary level. (DDR)

Ara, Quazi Afroz Jahan

1998-01-01

407

Primary Teachers' Particle Ideas and Explanations of Physical Phenomena: Effect of an In-Service Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a study concerning Greek primary school teachers' (n = 162) ideas about the particulate nature of matter and their explanations of physical phenomena. The study took place during an in-service training course where the effectiveness of a specially designed intervention was tested. A key feature was an approach based on the…

Papageorgiou, George; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Johnson, Phil Michael

2010-01-01

408

Chemometrical development and comprehensive validation of a solid phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry methodology for the determination of important free and bound primary aromatics in Greek wines.  

PubMed

In this work, a solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME/GC-MS) methodology was developed for the determination of 21 free and glycosidically-bound volatile varietal aroma compounds in wines. Initially, a comparison was made of 5 commercially available SPME fibers for the isolation/preconcentration of the target compounds in the headspace (HS) and direct immersion (DI) modes. The statistical significance of the microextraction variables was evaluated using a 2-level Plackett-Burman experimental design; the most significant variables were further optimized using a modified Simplex procedure. Using the selected conditions, a GC-MS method was fully validated for the quantitative determination of the 21 free primary aroma compounds. The hydrophilic bound precursors were isolated by solid-phase extraction (SPE), enzymatically hydrolyzed to liberate them as the free compounds and further detected by SPME/GC-MS. The method has been successfully applied to the analysis of 20 Greek white wine samples. PMID:23891382

Metafa, Maria; Economou, Anastasios

2013-08-30

409

Nonverbal Responses of Primary School Students to "The Giving Tree."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to discover whether the nonverbal responses to literature of primary grade children--in the form of drawings--provide significant information about their feelings toward literature, this study measured primary children's responses to "The Giving Tree." Ninety children in four grade levels (kindergarten through third grade) listened to the…

Donlan, Dan

410

Language Planning and Implementation in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a major curriculum innovation in English language teaching in Turkish primary education from macro and micro perspectives. After an overview of the role of English in Turkey, macro-level planning underlying the introduction of English language teaching policy in state-owned primary education is presented. Then the diffusion of…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2007-01-01

411

Pre-Service Students' Responses to Being Tested on Their Primary School Mathematical Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The limited mathematical knowledge of pre-service primary teachers is an international concern. The areas of mathematical difficulties have been well documented, which has led to many universities instituting testing regimes to ensure that their pre-service teachers have appropriate knowledge of primary school mathematics. In this study, the…

Meaney, Tamsin; Lange, Troels

2010-01-01

412

Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

2011-01-01

413

Managing the Small Primary School: The Problem Role of the Teaching Head.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A former primary headteacher examines problems inherent in the doubly loaded teaching head's role in small (British) primary schools. The demands posed by recent changes have been exacerbated by the headteacher's lack of real freedom to determine an appropriate balance between teaching and managerial responsibilities. Headteachers' special…

Dunning, Gerald

1993-01-01

414

Non-Music Specialist Trainee Primary School Teachers' Confidence in Teaching Music in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has revealed that non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers lack confidence in teaching music in spite of changes to teacher training and the introduction of music in the National Curriculum in England. The current study investigated the effects on non-music specialist trainee primary teachers' confidence to teach music…

Seddon, Frederick; Biasutti, Michele

2008-01-01

415

Primary School Teachers' Knowledge and Awareness of Dyslexia in Kuwaiti Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Kuwaiti primary school teachers' knowledge and awareness of early signs of dyslexia among Kuwaiti students. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect data randomly from more than 700 participants of primary language teachers across Kuwait's six educational districts. The results showed that the majority of…

Aladwani, Amel M.; Al Shaye, Shaye S.

2012-01-01

416

Men Teachers and the "Feminised" Primary School: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review discusses and critiques the literature on men teachers and "feminised" primary schools from a feminist poststructuralist position. It is aimed at an audience new to the topic. The focus on "men primary teachers" as a field of research flourished as a consequence of concerns over boys' underachievement when an increase in the numbers of…

Skelton, Christine

2012-01-01

417

Serious Game Motivation in an EFL Classroom in Chinese Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report on the findings of a qualitative PhD pilot research study on the integration of Serious Games specifically Mingoville to motivate the Chinese primary students in an EFL classrooms. It was carried out in two primary schools: the students are both from low and high income families respectively in Jiangsu Province, PR, China.…

Anyaegbu, Ruphina; Ting, Wei; Li, Yi

2012-01-01

418

Singing in Primary Schools: Case Studies of Good Practice in Whole Class Vocal Tuition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of British initiatives in music education such as the Wider Opportunities programme in England and the recommendations of the Music Manifesto emphasising the importance of singing in primary schools, the current paper explores examples of good practice in whole-class vocal tuition. The research included seven different primary

Lamont, Alexandra; Daubney, Alison; Spruce, Gary

2012-01-01

419

An Investigation of Some English Primary School Teachers’ Understanding of the Concepts Force and Gravity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of an increased role for conceptual understanding of science in English primary schools, the research reported here investigated the views of force and gravity held by 20 primary teachers, using the ‘interview about instances’ technique. Results are reported in sections dealing with definitions of force; gravity and weight; views of friction; combinations of forces and the concept of

C. J. Kruger; M. K. Summers; D. J. Palacio

1990-01-01

420

The Impact of Adult Mortality and Parental Deaths on Primary Schooling in North-Western Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortality of parents and other adults due to the African AIDS epidemic could reduce children's primary schooling by reducing households' ability to pay fees, raising the opportunity cost of children's time, and leaving orphaned children with guardians who care less about their education than would their parents. This study measures the impact of adult deaths and orphan status on primary

Martha Ainsworth; Kathleen Beegle; Godlike Koda

2005-01-01

421

“Looking for sparks”: A phenomenological study of educational practice and the imaginative lifeworld in primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite an apparent renaissance of interest in the creative and emotional in English education there remains a paucity of research in the province of teacher interpretations of pupils’ creative, “affective”, and imaginative activity. Based on the findings of an Ed D study conducted in six primary schools in central England, the genesis of the enquiry sought to establish how primary

Dave Trotman

2005-01-01

422

Students' and parents' attitudes toward basic life support training in primary schools  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess attitudes of students and their parents toward basic life support (BLS) training in primary schools, along with their perceptions of students’ fears toward applying and training BLS. Methods In October 2011, a specifically designed, voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 7th and 8th grade students and to their parents in two primary schools in Split, Croatia. Completed questionnaires were analyzed to determine the validity of the scale, and to determine sex and group differences in individual items and the whole scale. Results The questionnaires were completed by 301 school children and 361 parents. Cronbach’s alpha of the whole scale was 0.83, indicating good internal consistency. The students’ score for the whole attitude scale was 73.7?±?11.1 out of maximum 95, while the parents’ score was 68.0?±?11.9. Students’ attitude was significantly more positive than that of the parents (U?=?29.7, P?primary school and their parents had a positive attitude toward BLS training in primary schools. Implementing compulsory BLS training in Croatia’s primary schools could help increase students’ confidence, quell their fears toward applying BLS, and possibly even increase the survival of bystander-witnessed cardiac arrests.

Petric, Jasna; Malicki, Mario; Markovic, Domagoj; Mestrovic, Julije

2013-01-01

423

Leadership and Emotion in the Primary School--Reflections from Four Primary Headteachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders in schools rely for their effectiveness on a good deal of interpersonal contact. Partly stimulated by writers on emotional intelligence (Cooper and Sawaf, 1997; Goleman, 1995), there is a renewed interest in the emotional side of schools. Fineman proposes that the idea of the rational organisation is a naive assumption by those who manage…

Crawford, Megan

2004-01-01

424

Bullying and Victimization Experiences in Elementary School Students Nominated by Their Teachers for Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to investigate self-reported bullying and victimization experiences among students nominated by their teachers as meeting the criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). A total of 346 students attending the upper three grade-levels of Greek primary schools participated in the study. Fifty of them were identified by their…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Antoniadou, Nafsika

2013-01-01

425

Audio-Visual Aids for Pre-School and Primary School Children. A Training Document. Aids to Programming UNICEF Assistance to Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This discussion of the importance and scope of audiovisual aids in the educational programs and activities designed for children in developing countries includes the significance of audiovisual aids in pre-school and primary school education, types of aud...

S. Narayan

1980-01-01

426

Was It All Greek to Them? Short-Term Language Preparation for ERASMUS Exchange in Greece.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Greek language preparation for English students participating in an exchange program as part of their primary teacher training. It is concluded that the self-directed preparation can be improved by an outline of the stages in the learning of Greek, the availability of required support materials, progress checks, and testing of students…

Woodcock, Leslie S.

1996-01-01

427

Primary Schools: United States, Netherlands, United Kingdom. Teacher Tasks in Innovative Schools, Vol. I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document comprises three articles which analyze roles and tasks of teachers in innovative elementary schools in the United States, Netherlands, and England. Innovative schools are interpreted as schools which favor educational practices such as open classrooms, team teaching, parent involvement, nongraded classes, global orientation,…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

428

Reforming Schools: A Case Study of New Basics in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforming schools is a challenging aspect of contemporary education. The role of leadership within reform agendas is critical. This article presents a case study of one school that has been highly successful in the implementation of this reform. The processes employed by the school at various levels demonstrate the ways in which effective…

Jorgensen, Robyn; Walsh, Lynne; Niesche, Richard

2009-01-01

429

Teachers of Poor Communities: The Tale of Instructional Media Use in Primary Schools of "Gedeo" Zone, Southern Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of working conditions at school on teachers' level of instructional media use in the primary school system of Gedeo Zone, southern Ethiopia. The survey was made on a sample of 139 (24.4% female and male 75.6%) teachers who were randomly drawn from 9 primary schools (four rural and five urban…

Abdo, Mehadi; Semela, Tesfaye

2010-01-01

430

Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school

Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal

2010-01-01

431

A Multicultural Perspective on Play and Learning in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the school's conception of learning, the cultural aspect of children's play has often been lacking. In different countries, it is emphasized that play is important for learning (Dockett and Fleer, Play and pedagogy in early childhood: Bending the rules. Harcourt Brace & Comp, Sydney, "1999"; Lillemyr, Nordisk Pedagogik/Nordic Educational…

Lillemyr, Ole Fredrik; Sobstad, Frode; Marder, Kurt; Flowerday, Terri

2011-01-01

432

Efficiency of the Primary and Secondary Schools in Sweden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The efficiency of 286 Swedish municipalities in the provision of elementary and secondary school education in 1993-94 was studied through stochastic frontier production with the estimation of production- and cost-function models. Empirical results show that most operate at 85 to 100% efficiency. (SLD)

Heshmati, Almas; Kumbhakar, Subal C.

1997-01-01

433

Developing Primary School Children's Understanding of Energy Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies 34 elementary school children's understanding of five aspects of energy waste and the ways in which these conceptions develop following teaching. Concludes that the children had good prior awareness of some behaviors that save energy, but their reasons for thinking this were based largely on everyday intuitive ideas that involved…

Kruger, Colin; Summers, Mike

2000-01-01

434

Computer-aided energy—conscious design: primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Local Authority school designs in Britain are required to better the thermal performance criteria laid down by the Department of Education and Science Design [1]. Such rules meet the need for background performance checks, but are unable to respond to design decision-making related to optimising the interaction between the building envelope and the climate, to minimise the use of

Brian King

1981-01-01

435

Evaluation of Interventions to Improve Solar Protection in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood and adolescence are critical periods in the etiology of subsequent melanoma and nonmelanocytic skin cancers. The aims of the study were (a) to develop a valid measure of solar protection in 9 to 11-year-old school students, (b) to evaluate the differential effectiveness of two interventions aimed at changing solar protection in this age group, and (c) to identify the

Afaf Girgis; Rob W. Sanson-Fisher; D. Anthony Tripodi; Tim Golding

1993-01-01

436

An Evaluation of Inspection Reports on Primary School Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: All schools in England are subject to regular national inspection by the Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted), using published and transparent criteria. The resultant reports are in the public domain. Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to analyse and evaluate the comments on attendance issues within inspection reports. Sample:…

Reid, Ken

2006-01-01

437

Preschool, Primary School, and Middle School Educational Practices in the People's Republic of China Today: A First Hand Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper records observations made on a tour of educational settings in the People's Republic of China. Discussed are the philosophy and aims of current Chinese education, curriculum practices in the preschool, primary and middle school and in teacher training institutions, The Little Red Soldiers programs and the Children's Palaces. Educational…

Karlson, Alfred Lennart

438

Learning to Teach "Science" out of School: Non-School Placements as Part of a Primary PGCE Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary teaching trainees were given a 1-week placement in environmental science centres, to learn about teaching children in non-school contexts. The placements were mainly in the South West of England, and included both residential and day-visit centres. Evaluation was through written and oral feedback from hosts and students, against a set of…

Peacock, Alan; Bowker, Rob

2004-01-01

439

Science in Primary Schools: An Investigation into Differences in the Attainment and Attitudes of Pupils across Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (PIPS) project monitors the attainment and self-concept of pupils from the age of 4 to age 11. The relationships between achievement and self-concept in science and a series of other variables including home circumstances, homework, television viewing, and teasing are considered. Very significant…

Tymms, Peter

1997-01-01

440

Cat allergen (Fel d 1) levels on school children's clothing and in primary school classrooms in Wellington, New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: New Zealand has a high prevalence of the major allergic diseases including asthma, rhinitis, and eczema, and cat ownership is common, with more than 50% of homes containing a cat. Objective: The study was designed to examine the levels of cat allergen (Fel d 1) in the primary school environment, both on floors and on children's clothing. Methods: We

Kathryn Patchett; Simon Lewis; Julian Crane; Penny Fitzharris

1997-01-01

441

Effects on Coping Skills and Anxiety of a Universal School-Based Mental Health Intervention Delivered in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anxiety disorders are common in children and may signal risk of depression, social, or academic difficulties. This study evaluated the effects of a universal mental health promotion intervention delivered in primary schools. Three hundred and seventeen 9- to 10-year-olds were randomly allocated by class group to intervention conditions…

Collins, Sabrina; Woolfson, Lisa Marks; Durkin, Kevin

2014-01-01

442

A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2012-01-01

443

GREEK BASIC COURSE, VOLUME I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GREEK LANGUAGE DESCRIBED IN VOLUME I OF THIS INTRODUCTORY COURSE FOR ADULTS IS THE "KATHOMILUMENI" VARIETY, THAT OF THE STANDARD SPEECH OF EDUCATED GREEKS. (VOLUME III OF THE COURSE INTRODUCES THE MORE FORMAL KATHAREVUSA VARIETY.) EACH VOLUME OF THE COURSE CONTAINS 25 UNITS PLUS FIVE REVIEW SECTIONS. A TYPICAL UNIT IN VOLUME I CONSISTS OF--(1)…

OBOLENSKY, SERGE; AND OTHERS

444

The impact of personal background and school contextual factors on academic competence and mental health functioning across the primary-secondary school transition.  

PubMed

Students negotiate the transition to secondary school in different ways. While some thrive on the opportunity, others are challenged. A prospective longitudinal design was used to determine the contribution of personal background and school contextual factors on academic competence (AC) and mental health functioning (MHF) of 266 students, 6-months before and after the transition to secondary school. Data from 197 typically developing students and 69 students with a disability were analysed using hierarchical linear regression modelling. Both in primary and secondary school, students with a disability and from socially disadvantaged backgrounds gained poorer scores for AC and MHF than their typically developing and more affluent counterparts. Students who attended independent and mid-range sized primary schools had the highest concurrent AC. Those from independent primary schools had the lowest MHF. The primary school organisational model significantly influenced post-transition AC scores; with students from Kindergarten--Year 7 schools reporting the lowest scores, while those from the Kindergarten--Year 12 structure without middle school having the highest scores. Attending a school which used the Kindergarten--Year 12 with middle school structure was associated with a reduction in AC scores across the transition. Personal background factors accounted for the majority of the variability in post-transition AC and MHF. The contribution of school contextual factors was relatively minor. There is a potential opportunity for schools to provide support to disadvantaged students before the transition to secondary school, as they continue to be at a disadvantage after the transition. PMID:24608366

Vaz, Sharmila; Parsons, Richard; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Passmore, Anne Elizabeth; Falkmer, Marita

2014-01-01

445

Dialogic Practice in Primary Schools: How Primary Head Teachers Plan to Embed Philosophy for Children into the Whole School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Philosophy for Children in Schools Project is an ongoing research project to explore the impact of philosophy for children (P4C) on classroom practice. This paper reports on the responses of head teachers, teachers and local educational authority (LA) officers in South Wales, UK, to the initial training programme in Philosophy for Children…

Lyle, Sue; Thomas-Williams, Junnine

2012-01-01

446

The Royal Society's Report on Primary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author summarises findings from the Royal Society's "state of the nation" report on 5-14 science and mathematics education in the UK. This is the Society's third report on aspects of science and mathematics education in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the first where the focus has included primary practice, policy,…

Harlen, Wynne

2010-01-01

447

Factors Influencing Primary School Children's Knowledge of Wildlife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the wildlife knowledge of primary (aged 4-12) schoolchildren. In particular, we examined the effects of children's age and gender, as well as the taxonomy and origin (indigenous versus exotic) of wildlife, on the degree of knowledge about different species. We used illustrated "flashcards" of mammals, birds and arthropods, drawn…

Huxham, Mark; Welsh, Angela; Berry, Alice; Templeton, Stuart

2006-01-01

448

Factors influencing primary school children's knowledge of wildlife  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the wildlife knowledge of primary (aged 4–12) schoolchildren. In particular, we examined the effects of children's age and gender, as well as the taxonomy and origin (indigenous versus exotic) of wildlife, on the degree of knowledge about different species.We used illustrated ‘flashcards’ of mammals, birds and arthropods, drawn randomly from a species pool. Each indigenous example was paired

Mark Huxham; Angela Welsh; Alice Berry; Stuart Templeton

2006-01-01

449

Teaching Mathematical Biology in High School Using Adapted Primary Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compared the effect of two adaptations of a scientific article on students' comprehension and use of scientific inquiry skills. One adaptation preserved as much as possible the canonical form of the original article (APL, Adapted Primary Literature) and the other was written in a more narrative mode typical of secondary literature (SL).…

Norris, Stephen P.; Stelnicki, Nathan; de Vries, Gerda

2012-01-01

450

The Development of Metacognition in Primary School Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructivist ideas have influenced recent major innovations in Dutch secondary education and new curricula for reading and math in primary education, for example, pay much more attention to metacognition than before. In our study, we compared the growth of student metacognition in varying learning environments, direct instruction, and cognitive…

de Jager, Bernadet; Jansen, Margo; Reezigt, Gerry

2005-01-01

451

Regional Disparities in Primary School Participation in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education for All has focused international attention on the goals of universal primary education and improved education quality. However, national indicators related to these goals often mask significant differences among demographic and social groups, as well as among geographical regions within countries. This paper, based on a study…

Sherman, Joel D.

2008-01-01

452

Portuguese Primary School Children's Conceptions about Digestion: Identification of Learning Obstacles. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional study of Portuguese primary school pupils' conceptions on digestion and the digestive tract was carried out before and after teaching this topic. Pupils of the prior four school years (5/6 to 9/10 year old) drew what happens to a cookie inside their body. In some cases they also wrote a short text or were interviewed. To identify…

Carvalho, Graca; Silva, Rui; Lima, Nelson; Coquet, Eduarda; Clement, Pierre

2004-01-01

453

JSAAE activities in alternatives to animal experimentation for undergraduate schools: forum for citizens in primary and secondary schools.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to introduce some educational activities by the Japanese Society of Alternatives to Animal Experiments (JSAAE). The JSAAE is an academic society to promote the Three Rs in Japan and also the international biomedical community. Our activities include the education of not only scientists but also the public. In particular, activities should be focused on the education in schools regarding alternatives. The JSAAE organised a forum for citizens in alternatives education in primary and secondary schools during their 14th annual meeting. PMID:23581126

Kurosawa, Tsutomu Miki; Ninomiya, Hiroyoshi; Matsuda, Yukihisa

2004-06-01

454

Active and Passive Commuting to School: Influences on Affect in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active commuting among school children is being encouraged for physical and environmental reasons, but little is known about its influence on affect. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that children who walk further to school experience increased arousal and affective valence compared with children who walk a short distance. This was…

Hulley, Angela; Bentley, Nick; Clough, Catherine; Fishlock, Adelle; Morrell, Frances; O'Brien, James; Radmore, Joseph

2008-01-01

455

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

2009-01-01

456

The Impact of Preprimary School on Primary School Achievement in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence was collected regarding changes over 3 years in the quality of a preprimary program in rural Bangladesh and differences in school achievement of children who did and did not attend. The quality of 30 preprimary schools was evaluated using the ECERS-R (Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised) and ECERS-E (-Extension). Results…

Aboud, Frances E.; Hossain, Kamal

2011-01-01

457

Evaluation of the Massage in Schools Programme in One Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential benefits of the Massage in Schools Programme (MISP), a programme originating in Scandinavia, which has been introduced into schools in the United Kingdom (UK) since 2001. Meeting four out of five outcomes of the Every Child Matters agenda, the review of the literature aims to separate anecdotal and media…

Marsh, Lesley J.

2011-01-01

458

Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

459

Does School-Wide Positive Behaviour System Improve Learning in Primary Schools? Some Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A school-wide program known as Positive Behaviour for Learning (PBL) that systematically reinforces positive behaviours in schools based on the USA model of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) but also emphasizes learning processes and outcomes was implemented in the Western Sydney Region (WSR) of Australia. Aim: The…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Mooney, Mary; Barker, Katrina; Dobia, Brenda

2009-01-01

460

Changes in physical activity during the transition from primary to secondary school in Belgian children: what is the role of the school environment?  

PubMed Central

Background Key life periods have been associated with changes in physical activity (PA). This study investigated (1) how PA changes when primary school children transfer to secondary school, (2) if school environmental characteristics differ between primary and secondary schools and (3) if changes in school environmental characteristics can predict changes in PA in Belgian schoolchildren. Moderating effects of gender and the baseline level of PA were investigated for the first and third research question. Methods In total, 736 children (10–13 years) of the last year of primary school participated in the first phase of this longitudinal study. Two years later, 502 of these children (68.2%) agreed to participate in the second phase. Accelerometers, pedometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire were used to measure PA. School environmental characteristics were reported by the school principals. Cross-classified regression models were conducted to analyze the data. Results S elf-reported active transport to school and accelerometer weekday moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) increased after the transition to secondary school while self-reported extracurricular PA and total PA decreased. Pedometer weekday step counts decreased, but this decrease was only apparent among those who achieved the PA guidelines in primary school. Secondary schools scored higher on the school environmental characteristics: provision of sports and PA during lunch break, active schoolyards and playgrounds and health education policy but lower on sports and PA after-school than primary schools. Changes in the school environmental characteristics: active commuting to school, active schoolyards and playgrounds and health education policy resulted in changes in self-reported extracurricular PA, total PA , pedometer/accelerometer determined step counts and accelerometer determined MVPA. Moderating effects were found for baseline PA and gender. Conclusion PA changed after the transition to secondary school. In general, secondary schools seem more likely to foster strategies to promote PA during school hours than primary schools who seem more likely to foster strategies to promote PA after school. Changes in school environmental characteristics may contribute to changes in PA. Thus, if confirmed in future studies, efforts are needed to implement these components in schools as early as possible to positively affect the change in PA.

2014-01-01

461

Access to waterless hand sanitizer improves student hand hygiene behavior in primary schools in Nairobi, Kenya.  

PubMed

Handwashing is difficult in settings with limited resources and water access. In primary schools within urban Kibera, Kenya, we investigated the impact of providing waterless hand sanitizer on student hand hygiene behavior. Two schools received a waterless hand sanitizer intervention, two schools received a handwashing with soap intervention, and two schools received no intervention. Hand cleaning behavior after toilet use was monitored for 2 months using structured observation. Hand cleaning after toileting was 82% at sanitizer schools (N = 2,507 toileting events), 38% at soap schools (N = 3,429), and 37% at control schools (N = 2,797). Students at sanitizer schools were 23% less likely to have observed rhinorrhea than control students (P = 0.02); reductions in student-reported gastrointestinal and respiratory illness symptoms were not statistically significant. Providing waterless hand sanitizer markedly increased student hand cleaning after toilet use, whereas the soap intervention did not. Waterless hand sanitizer may be a promising option to improve student hand cleansing behavior, particularly in schools with limited water access. PMID:23836575

Pickering, Amy J; Davis, Jennifer; Blum, Annalise G; Scalmanini, Jenna; Oyier, Beryl; Okoth, George; Breiman, Robert F; Ram, Pavani K

2013-09-01

462

Teaching Mathematical Biology in High School Using Adapted Primary Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study compared the effect of two adaptations of a scientific article on students’ comprehension and use of scientific\\u000a inquiry skills. One adaptation preserved as much as possible the canonical form of the original article (APL, Adapted Primary\\u000a Literature) and the other was written in a more narrative mode typical of secondary literature (SL). Both adaptations contained\\u000a the same content.

Stephen P. Norris; Nathan Stelnicki; Gerda de Vries

463

A study of litter and waste management policies at (primary) eco-schools in Istanbul.  

PubMed

In addition to environmental and economic benefits, systematic application of sustainable waste management in elementary education buildings also makes a positive contribution to the education of future generations. This study examines elementary schools in Istanbul, which are part of the Eco-Schools International Programme. This programme was established in 1994 with European Union support and it aims to introduce environmental management systems into primary schools within the scope of ISO 14001/EMAS. A questionnaire study was administered on the theme of litter management and sustainable waste management within elementary schools located in the Asian and European parts of Istanbul city, and the findings of a field survey were examined. Questionnaire findings were gathered under five themes: litter management, composting of organic waste, re-use of school materials, reducing consumption-selection of recycled products, waste management and sorting of recyclable materials. PMID:21159739

Kayihan, Kutlu Sevinç; Tönük, Seda

2012-01-01

464

"An integral part of the children's education": placing sun protection in Auckland primary schools.  

PubMed

Links between ozone depletion, sun exposure and the incidence of melanoma in later life have focussed public health attention on risk management, including attempts to curtail children's exposure to sunlight. Schools are potentially valuable sites in sun protection efforts, as they may combine behavioural messages with protective environments. In this paper, we outline the sun-related attitudes and policies of a random sample of 20 Auckland primary schools, and situate them within the framework of the new public health. We observe that while the state requires schools to provide students with a safe environment, there is no explicit guidance on what this means in terms of sun protection. Accordingly, schools' responses vary according to the perceptions and priorities of individual principals. We conclude that while school spaces are being transformed through the public health focus on the risks of UV exposure, the neoliberal educational landscape in New Zealand appears ambiguous in its support for health promotion. PMID:15993641

Collins, Damian C A; Kearns, Robin A; Mitchell, Hannah

2006-12-01

465

Examining the interaction between food outlets and outdoor food advertisements with primary school food environments. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Schools are commonly seen as a site of intervention to improve children's nutrition, and prevent excess weight gain. Schools may have limited influence over children's diets; however, with home and community environments also exerting an influence within schools. This study considered the environment of food outlets and outdoor food advertisements surrounding four case study primary schools in New Zealand, and the impact of that external environment on within-school food environments.

466

The effectiveness of nutrition education programme for primary school children.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to determine changes in nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of 8-year-old school children after receiving a nutrition education package. A total of 418 school children from urban and rural areas participated in this study. The intervention group consisted of 237 children while 181 children who did not receive the nutrition education package acted as controls. The nutrition education programme that was conducted for 3 weeks comprised of a video viewing session and a comic reading session followed by exercise questions as reinforcement for each session, and also classroom activities. Knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaires were distributed to the children before (pre-intervention) and after (postintervention) receiving the nutrition education programme. A follow-up visit was conducted six months after the programme had elapsed. The results obtained indicated that the nutrition knowledge score increased significantly in the intervention group from 48.3±13.2 at pre-test to 54.6±16.2 in post-test and 55.0±14.3 in follow-up test (p<0.05). The nutrition attitude score also increased significantly from 68.7±15.5 at pre-intervention to 72.6±15.0 and 74.7±15.8 during post-test and follow-up test respectively (p<0.05). However, the nutrition practice score had no significant improvement in both groups throughout the study period. There were no significant changes in the control group in knowledge, attitude and practice scores at pre, post and follow-up tests. In conclusion, this study showed that a good nutrition education programme had a positive impact whereby better nutrition knowledge, attitude and healthy eating habits in children were seen. It is hoped that the improvements would be sustained throughout their lives. PMID:22692188

Ruzita, A T; Wan Azdie, M Ab; Ismail, M N

2007-03-01

467

The Effects of Active Learning Programs in Multigrade Schools on Girls' Persistence in and Completion of Primary School in Developing Countries. Girls' Education Monitoring System (GEMS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multigrade schooling is a strategy to increase the educational opportunities of children in situations where it is impractical to have one primary school teacher per grade because of the limited size of the student population. In a multigrade school, teachers manage two or more classes simultaneously. A single teacher may be responsible for all…

Juarez and Associates, Inc., Los Angeles, CA.

468

A COMPARISON STUDY OF THE SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM IN THE PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS BELONG TO BANGKOK METROPOLITAN ADMINISTRATION (BMA) AND THAI MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (MOE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to better understand the current school lunch practices among the public primary schools under the auspices of Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) and Thai Ministry of Education (MOE). A total of 6 schools, 3 from BMA and 3 from MOE, were selected to compare the lunch schemes. This study focused on qualitative approach. Data was mainly collected

Eri Kai; Sathirakorn Pongpanich; Sangsom Sinawat

2008-01-01

469

Burden of HIV among primary school children and feasibility of primary school-linked HIV testing in Harare, Zimbabwe: A mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Population-based surveys in Southern Africa suggest a substantial burden of undiagnosed HIV-infected long-term survivors of mother-to-child transmission. We conducted an HIV prevalence survey of primary school pupils in Harare, Zimbabwe, and evaluated school-linked HIV counselling and testing (HCT) for pupils, their families and schoolteachers. Population-weighted cluster sampling was used to select six primary schools. Randomly selected class-grade pupils underwent anonymous HIV testing, with concurrent school-linked family HCT offered during the survey. Focus group discussions and interviews were conducted with pupils, parents/ guardians, counsellors, and schoolteachers. About 4386 (73%) pupils provided specimens for anonymous HIV testing. Median age was 9 years (IQR 8–11), and 54% were female. HIV prevalence was 2.7% (95% CI: 2.2–3.1) with no difference by gender. HIV infection was significantly associated with orphanhood, stunting, wasting, and being one or more class grades behind in school due to illness (p <0.001). After adjusting for covariates, orphanhood and stunting remained significantly associated with being HIV positive (p <0.001). Uptake of diagnostic HIV testing by pupils was low with only 47/4386 (1%) pupils undergoing HCT. The HIV prevalence among children under 15 years who underwent HIV testing was 6.8%. The main barrier to HIV testing was parents’ fear of their children experiencing stigma and of unmasking their own HIV status should the child test HIV positive. Most guardians believed that a child's HIV-positive result should not be disclosed and the child could take HIV treatment without knowing the reason. Increased recognition of the high burden of undiagnosed HIV infection in children is needed. Despite awareness of the benefits of HIV testing, HIV-related stigma still dominates parents/guardians' psychological landscape. There is need for comprehensive information and support for families to engage with HIV testing services.

Bandason, Tsitsi; Langhaug, Lisa F.; Makamba, Memory; Laver, Sue; Hatzold, Karin; Mahere, Stephen; Munyati, Shungu; Mungofa, Stanley; Corbett, Elizabeth L.; Ferrand, Rashida A.

2013-01-01

470

Non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers’ confidence in teaching music in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has revealed that non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers lack confidence in teaching music in spite of changes to teacher training and the introduction of music in the National Curriculum in England. The current study investigated the effects on non-music specialist trainee primary teachers’ confidence to teach music in the classroom after having experienced six keyboard-based ‘blues activities’

Frederick Seddon; Michele Biasutti

2008-01-01

471

The Short Anxiety Screening Test in Greek: translation and validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Greek translation of the Short Anxiety Screening Test (SAST), for use in primary care settings. The scale consists of 10 items and is a brief clinician rating scale for the detection of anxiety disorder in older people, particularly, in the presence of depression. METHODS:

Ilias A Grammatikopoulos; Gary Sinoff; Athanasios Alegakis; Dimitrios Kounalakis; Maria Antonopoulou; Christos Lionis

2010-01-01

472

Streptococcus pneumoniae in Saliva of Dutch Primary School Children  

PubMed Central

While nasopharyngeal sampling is the gold standard for the detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage, historically seen, saliva sampling also seems highly sensitive for pneumococcal detection. We investigated S. pneumoniae carriage in saliva from fifty schoolchildren by conventional and molecular methods. Saliva was first culture-enriched for pneumococci, after which, DNA was extracted from all bacterial growth and tested by quantitative-PCR (qPCR) for pneumococcus-specific genes lytA and piaA. Next, serotype composition of the samples was determined by serotype-specific qPCRs, conventional-PCRs (cPCR) and sequencing of cPCR amplicons. Although only 2 (4%) of 50 samples were positive by conventional diagnostic culture, 44 (88%) were positive for pneumococci by qPCR. In total, we detected the presence of at least 81 pneumococcal strains representing 20 serotypes in samples from 44 carriers with 23 carriers (52%) positive for multiple (up to 6) serotypes. The number of serotypes detected per sample correlated with pneumococcal abundance. This study shows that saliva could be used as a tool for future pneumococcal surveillance studies. Furthermore, high rates of pneumococcal carriage and co-carriage of multiple pneumococcal strains together with a large number of serotypes in circulation suggests a ubiquitous presence of S. pneumoniae in saliva of school-aged children. Our results also suggest that factors promoting pneumococcal carriage within individual hosts may weaken competitive interactions between S. pneumoniae strains.

Wyllie, Anne L.; Chu, Mei Ling J. N.; Schellens, Marielle H. B.; van Engelsdorp Gastelaars, Jody; Jansen, Marc D.; van der Ende, Arie; Bogaert, Debby; Sanders, Elisabeth A. M.; Trzcinski, Krzysztof

2014-01-01

473

Socio-Economic Background as an Influence Factor in Pupils' Achievement in Primary Schools in Embu District, Kenya. African Studies in Curriculum Development & Evaluation No. 69.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made to investigate factors contributing to the low performance of primary school pupils in Embu District, Eastern Province, Kenya, both in classrooms and on the Certificate of Primary Education Examination. Two rich rural schools, two urban schools, and two poor rural schools were selected for comparison. From each school, three…

Waweru, Julius Macharia

474

Investigating Level of the Scientific Literacy of Primary School Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is twofold; first, to determine the level of primary school teacher candidates' scientific literacy acquired with the current science education, and second, to find out whether there is a relationship between gender and levels of scientific literacy. This research was implemented during the fall semester of 2008-2009…

Bacanak, Ahmet; Gokdere, Murat

2009-01-01

475

MULTIFACTORIAL ANALYSIS IN THE DESIGN OF L2 MULTIMEDIA TASKS FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

L2 multimedia tasks for Primary School children can pose a wide range of challenges for both the language teacher and computer specialist alike. The design of linguistic content and technological adaptation to young learners' and their psychological and physical features make the study of certain factors necessary, such as the educational context, linguistic constraints, cognitive abilities, conceptual and psychomotor restrictions,

Mercedes Rico; Alejandro Curado; Patricia Edwards

476

State Liability for Abuse in Primary Schools: Systemic Failure and "O'Keeffe" v. "Hickey"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the historical arrangement between Church and State, the Irish State has always discharged its duty to provide for free primary education exclusively through the provision of funding to privately owned and managed schools. Consequently, in "O'Keeffe" v. "Hickey," where a woman sued the State in respect of sex abuse she suffered when in…

O'Mahony, Conor

2009-01-01

477

Primary School Students' Perceptions on Using IT Tools for Chinese Compositions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in computer technology have made the input of Chinese characters more users friendly. These advances, when considered from a pedagogical point of view, may afford new opportunities for students to enhance their learning of Chinese language in general and composition writing in particular. In this exploratory study, we engaged six primary school students in using Chinese software and

WONG Lung Hsiang; GAO Ping; CHAI Ching Sing; CHUA Chee Lay

478

Pedagogical Approaches for ICT Integration into Primary School English and Mathematics: A Singapore Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study research attempts to examine the pedagogical approaches for the teaching of English and mathematics with information communication technology (ICT) in a primary school in Singapore. The study uses the learning "with" and learning "from" ICT framework in reporting and analysing how ICT has been used in the teaching of English and…

Tay, Lee Yong; Lim, Siew Khiaw; Lim, Cher Ping; Koh, Joyce Hwee Ling

2012-01-01

479

Exploring Singapore Primary School Students' Perceptions of Chinese Asynchronous Online Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Asynchronous online discussion (AOD) has found widespread use in tertiary education and adult learning environment; however, there has been little research on its use in elementary school, especially in the context of the teaching of the Chinese Language. This study explores the use of AOD in a Chinese Language class in a primary

Chin, Wong Wan; Sum, Cheung Wing; Foon, Hew Khe

2008-01-01

480

Students with Special Educational Needs: Transitions from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the experiences of young people with Statements of special educational needs prior to and following moves from primary to secondary school. Pam Maras and Emma-Louise Aveling of the University of Greenwich, London, used interviews to develop six qualitative case studies focusing on the transition process. Findings from these…

Maras, Pam; Aveling, Emma-Louise

2006-01-01

481

The Talent Managing Work of the Balaton-Felvideki Szin-Vonal Primary Art School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, art education has been recognized as a suitable tool for enhancing emotional intelligence and nurturing a child's creative development. However, it seems that the education of art has lost the race against other primary school subjects, with only a minimal number of lessons being taught. The establishment of the afternoon art…

Baranyai, Valeria

2013-01-01

482

Implementing the Democratic Principles and Practices of Student-Centred Curriculum Integration in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-centred curriculum integration (CI) is a concept underpinned by democratic education. It places students at the centre of learning, involving them in classroom decisions and curriculum planning. Most research on this approach has been situated in the middle years, but this study focuses on primary schooling. This project examined what…

Brough, Chris Jane

2012-01-01

483

Students' Overreliance on Proportionality: Evidence from Primary School Pupils Solving Arithmetic Word Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on previous research on the tendency in students of diverse ages to overrely on proportionality in different domains of mathematics (e.g., geometry, probability), this study shows that--when confronted with missing-value word problems--Flemish primary school pupils strongly tend to apply proportional solution strategies, also in cases…

Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Hessels, An; Janssens, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven

2004-01-01

484

Narration in Swedish Pre- and Primary School: A Resource for Language Development and Multilingualism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased immigration in Europe and worldwide has led to more pre- and primary school students being educated through the medium of a second language, and there is considerable research, much of it coming from Australia, to suggest that in order to cope with this situation, children will need to begin to acquire, from their earliest years in…

Wedin, Asa

2010-01-01

485

The Nature, Extent and Effects of Emotional Abuse on Primary School Pupils by Teachers in Zimbabwe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data of reported cases of emotional abuse were collected from six Zimbabwe education offices and a questionnaire was administered to 150 primary school teacher trainees and 300 teachers. The majority of participants believe that shouting, scolding, use of vulgarities, humiliation, and negative labeling of pupils is done by female teachers.…

Shumba, Almon

2002-01-01

486

Distribution of Primary School Enrollments in Eastern Africa. World Bank Staff Working Papers Number 511.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distribution of primary school enrollments within and among 15 countries of the Eastern African region was examined by drawing exclusively on routine annual statistics and by emphasizing simple computer-generated indicators. In its first phase, the study made inter-country comparisons that indicated which countries and which areas in the region…

Maas, Jacob van Lutsenburg; Criel, Geert

487

What Explains Gender Gaps in Maths Achievement in Primary Schools in Kenya?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to improve the understanding of classroom-based gender differences that may lead to differential opportunities to learn provided to girls and boys in low and high performing primary schools in Kenya. The paper uses an opportunity to learn framework and tests the hypothesis that teaching practices and classroom interactions explain…

Ngware, Moses W.; Ciera, James; Abuya, Benta A.; Oketch, Moses; Mutisya, Maurice

2012-01-01

488

Differences in Construction, Facilities, Equipment and Academic Achievement Among Ugandan Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sets out to clarify two questions within the context of a non-industrial society's educational system: (1) In what areas would there be measurable variation in physical facilities between primary schools? (2) Is any of this variation statistically related to the academic performance of children on the national selection examination…

Heyneman, S. P.

1977-01-01

489

Concept Mapping as a Means of Evaluating Primary School Technology Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concept mapping provides a means for teachers and pupils to represent their understanding of an area of knowledge. It has been used as a planning tool by teachers to identify a framework of specific concepts and their propositions within a topic, as an assessment tool and as a means of collaborative sharing of knowledge. Information from two primary schools would

Carole J. Thomson

1997-01-01

490

The Teaching of African Traditional Religion in Primary Schools in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimbabwe's Education Ministry recommended the teaching of African Traditional Religion in recognition of its multi-religious society. This study sought to establish the extent to which African Traditional Religion is taught in primary schools, the challenges faced by teachers, and opportunities for promoting its teaching. A descriptive survey…

Marashe, Joel; Ndamba, Gamuchirai Tsitsiozashe; Chireshe, Excellent

2009-01-01

491

A Qualitative Study of Perceptions of Bullying in Irish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This small-scale research examined young children's, aged six to seven (n = 8), perceptions and understanding of bullying in Irish primary schools. It also included the views of the children's parents (n = 8) and teachers (n = 2) on bullying. The participants' views were obtained through semi-structured interviews which were analysed using the…

Purcell, Anita

2012-01-01

492

What Matters to Girls and Boys in a Black Primary School in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the construction of gender identities among young boys and girls in a black primary school. Against the backdrop of food insecurity, young boys' and girls' vulnerability to violence and to using violence as a means of getting food is increased. Violence is a clear manifestation of gender inequalities. Drawing on data…

Bhana, Deevia

2005-01-01

493

Exploring the Underlying Components of Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the study described in this article, primary school teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of technology education was measured with a multiple choice test; the Teaching of Technology Test (TTT). The aim of the study was to explore the latent factor structure of PCK, which is considered to be a crucial and distinctive domain of teacher…

Rohaan, Ellen J.; Taconis, Ruurd; Jochems, Wim M. G.

2011-01-01

494

Pupils' Voice: "My Primary School Teacher''  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore pupils' views on how a teacher should be and the reasons for their decisions. Based on qualitative research design, focus group interviews were done with ten 5th graders from a public primary school in Turkey. These pupils were asked the following questions: "how do you think a teacher should be?" and…

Alkan, Vesile

2013-01-01

495

How to Build Powerful Learning Trajectories for Relational Thinking in the Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are now strong arguments for building closer links between children's understanding of numbers and number operations and the beginning of algebraic (relational) thinking in the primary school years. Rarely, however, do Australian mathematics textbooks give enough guidance for teachers to use good activities in the classroom to promote…

Stephens, Max; Armanto, Dian

2010-01-01

496

Finding Inquiry in Discourses of Audit and Reform in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the discourses of Primary school numeracy coordinators responsible for auditing, monitoring and supporting their colleagues in relation to the introduction and embedding of the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) in the UK. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) focuses our analysis on the contradictory coupling of…

Williams, Julian; Corbin, Brian; McNamara, Olwen

2007-01-01

497

The influence of socio-economic background on perceptions of vegetables among Scottish primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-nine children aged between 8 and 10 years old from primary schools in two socially disparate areas of Edinburgh participated in this study. Repertory-grid method obtained information from the children regarding their perceptions of eight vegetables commonly consumed in the UK (baked beans, carrots, tomatoes, cauliflower, turnip (swede), cabbage, sweetcorn and peas). Between 6 and 23 personal constructs were elicited

Irene A Baxter; Monika J. A Schröder; John A Bower

1999-01-01

498

Professional Insiders/Outsiders? Teacher Professionalism and the Primary School Physical Education Specialist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a context for exploring the positioning of Physical Education specialist teachers (PE specialist teachers) in primary schools in Queensland in the discourses of teacher professionalism. A critical analysis of literature on the history and status of the subject and its practitioners aims to contextualize discourses in and about…

Brooks, Caroline; DinanThompson, Maree

2013-01-01

499

Deconstructing Immigrant Girls' Identities through the Production of Visual Narratives in a Catalan Urban Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the research findings of a deconstructive visual ethnography focused on the production of immigrant girls' identities will be analysed. This collaborative research project involved experimentation with a dialogic curriculum aimed at creating diverse identity narratives with immigrant girls at an urban primary school in Barcelona.…

Rifa-Valls, Montserrat

2009-01-01

500

Epidemiological Survey of Epilepsy in the Primary School Population in Buenos Aires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Most studies carried out in Latin America have shown greater rates of epilepsy and generalized seizures than those observed in developed countries, in spite of lower numbers of patients receiving treatment. To date, studies in Argentina have been insufficient to establish true prevalence. Objective: To determine the prevalence of epilepsy in primary school children in Buenos Aires, together with

Manuel J. Somoza; Raúl H. Forlenza; Marta Brussino; Liliana Licciardi

2005-01-01