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1

Experiencing Multiculturalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of a monocultural and monolingual education system, this paper seeks to explore and compare the experiences of Cypriot and non-Cypriot pupils in Greek-Cypriot primary schools with culturally diverse pupil populations. The concept of multiculturalism has been introduced only very recently in Cyprus and there has been little…

Partasi, Evgenia

2011-01-01

2

Job Satisfaction: Factor Analysis of Greek Primary School Principals' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that affect the level of job satisfaction that school principals experience and, based on the findings, to suggest policies or techniques for improving it. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires were administered to 180 primary school heads in 13 prefectures--one from each of…

Saiti, Anna; Fassoulis, Konstantinos

2012-01-01

3

Male educational leadership in Greek primary schools : A theoretical framework based on experiences of male school leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper can be summarized in the following research questions: How do male school leaders perceive the role of an educational leader and educational leadership in general? What are some of the male school leaders' leadership styles and features? What distinctive factors influence and hinder the leadership process for men in Greek primary schools? Are

Vassiliki Brinia

2011-01-01

4

School Knowledge, Cross-Curricularity and Teamwork Teaching in the Greek Primary School: Mathematics Education as Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through analysis of exercises offered in mathematics textbooks, this article investigates the discursive practice of cross-curricularity and group work teaching that was advocated in the 2007 reform of mathematics education in Greek primary schools. The conclusion of the research is that the organisation of school knowledge is vertical, and strong…

Nikolakaki, Maria; Dossa, Katerina; Moraiti, Tzeni

2012-01-01

5

Exploring Primary Children's Views and Experiences of the School Ground: The Case of a Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the use of a conventional school ground of a primary school and its potential as a space for creative play and environmental learning. Children's play behavior and views of the school ground are explored, as well as their vision for its improvement. The research constitutes part of a wider school ground project and was…

Christidou, Vasilia; Tsevreni, Irida; Epitropou, Maria; Kittas, Constantinos

2013-01-01

6

Attitudes and Intention of Greek and Cypriot Primary Education Teachers towards Teaching Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to record the attitudes and intentions of Greek and Cypriot primary education teachers towards teaching children with special educational needs (SENs) in mainstream schools. The instrument used was based on "Planned Behaviour Theory". The sample of the study included 179 educators, 87 from Greece (34 men, 52 women) and 92…

Batsiou, S.; Bebetsos, E.; Panteli, P.; Antoniou, P.

2008-01-01

7

Greek Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Current Environmental Issues: An Exploration of Their Environmental Knowledge and Images of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena.…

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-01-01

8

Constructivist Learning and Teaching of Optics Concepts Using ICT Tools in Greek Primary School: A Pilot Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This pilot study documents the design and evaluation results of an innovative teaching approach with the use of ICT regarding the optics concepts of light reflection and diffusion, and vision in Greek primary school. First there was a survey of 140 students to ascertain their initial ideas regarding these concepts. On the basis of the results of that survey, a range of ICT tools were developed, including a multimedia software application and a piece of Greek physics educational software. They were then used in the classroom together with an applet on the Web and printed students' worksheets, and their effectiveness was evaluated. Teaching was implemented in four Greek primary school classes with 81 students. Another 59 students were taught the subject traditionally. Before and after instruction all students answered a written questionnaire. Data analysis revealed that students of the experimental group achieved statistically better performance and manifested conceptual change whereas students in the control group students presented only a minimal evolution in their initial ideas.

Tekos, George; Solomonidou, Christina

2009-10-01

9

Interpersonal Teacher Behaviour in Primary School Classrooms: A Cross-Cultural Validation of a Greek Translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the psychometric properties of a Greek translation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction Primary (G-QTIP). A sample of 273 primary school students from 17 Grade 5 and 6 classes in Cyprus public schools, as well as their teachers, participated in the study. Students completed a self-report questionnaire…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Charalambous, Kyriakos; Davazoglou, Aggeliki

2009-01-01

10

Peer groups in the Greek primary school: a research of their characteristics and criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of peer groups that pupils form, after selecting one another, during the various primary school classes. One hundred and fifty-nine 4th, 5th and 6th grade pupils, attending urban schools in the provinces, took part in the survey. Moreno's sociometric recommendation test was provided for the collection of data. The results

Galini Rekalidou; Vassiliki Pliogou

2010-01-01

11

The Effectiveness of Structured Co-Operative Teaching and Learning in Greek Primary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses upon the effectiveness of structured co-operative group work on primary school students, aged between 8.5 and 9.5 years old, regarding their content knowledge, attitudes towards co-operative group work, experiential learning and open-ended curriculum as well as students' social and learning behaviour during co-operative…

Kaldi, Stavroula; Filippatou, Diamanto; Anthopoulou, Barbara

2014-01-01

12

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However, specific purposes may reflect specific and prescriptive terms for using historical materials. Our work aims to show up this aspect. It is an attempt to make elements of the history of astronomy involved in the elaboration of a training session for future primary school teachers. Here, ancients' Greek and Chinese historical elements are chosen and organized according to specific educational and conceptual constraints that include the construction of the quasi-parallelism of solar rays reaching Earths' surface, and the spontaneous modeling of the propagation of Sunlight leaning on divergent rays. This leads to an original teaching sequence were historical elements are mixed with non historical ones. This organization forms the support of a pre-service training session developed for future primary school teachers. This session aims to provide future teachers with elementary cosmological knowledge (parallelism of Sunrays, shape and size of the Earth, Sun-Earth distance…), to provide some reference marks of history of ancient cosmologies (spherical and flat Earth) resulting from two distinct contexts, and to approach some aspects associated with Nature of Science (NOS).

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-04-01

13

Construct validity of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-short form for a sample of Greek preschool and primary school children.  

PubMed

The construct validity of the short form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency for the assessment of gross and fine motor skills was assessed in 377 nondisabled Greek preschool and primary school children (age range 5 yr. to 8:3 mo.) from urban areas of northern Greece. Analysis showed the three factors accounted for 54.1% of the total score variance, agreeing with the earlier findings. Moreover, the item scores had statistically significant relationships with the total short-form score, except for that of copying a circle with the preferred hand. This latter item was also the only one with a small effect size. Age confirmed a statistically significant effect on the scores of the half items of the test battery, also an earlier finding. This test seemed to be a valid test of motor proficiency in normal Greek preschool and primary school children. PMID:16671598

Kambas, Antonis; Aggeloussis, Nickos

2006-02-01

14

Role of Special/Support Teachers in Greek Primary Schools: A Counterproductive Effect of "Inclusion" Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pull-out programmes, resource, and/or support rooms and services have played a vital role in either hindering or promoting the implementation of more inclusive practices in school communities. In Greece there is a strong assumption that support rooms and part-time withdrawal are the most effective ways of promoting the educational and social…

Vlachou, Anastasia

2006-01-01

15

Male Educational Leadership in Greek Primary Schools: A Theoretical Framework Based on Experiences of Male School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper can be summarized in the following research questions: How do male school leaders perceive the role of an educational leader and educational leadership in general? What are some of the male school leaders' leadership styles and features? What distinctive factors influence and hinder the leadership process for men…

Brinia, Vassiliki

2011-01-01

16

Developing Greek Primary School Students' Critical Thinking through an Approach of Teaching Science which Incorporates Aspects of History of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the development of sixth grade students' critical thinking skills in science courses is discussed relatively to the contribution of the integration of aspects of History of Science into instruction. Towards this direction a project on electromagnetism was designed and implemented aiming to engage primary school students in a…

Malamitsa, Katerina; Kasoutas, Michael; Kokkotas, Panagiotis

2009-01-01

17

Listening to the Winds of Change: School Leaders Realizing Intercultural Education in Greek-Cypriot Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the values, goals and operational strategies that guided the development of intercultural school policies in eight Greek-Cypriot primary schools, which differed in terms of the diversity of the student population. Interviews were carried out with the school-inspectors and head-teachers of the participant schools. Where…

Hajisoteriou, Christina

2012-01-01

18

Performance of Students from the Former USSR in Greek Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1990s, Greece received, among other immigrants from different regions of the world, repatriates from the former USSR as well as refugees from the same region. This article outlines part of a research study focusing on the children of both Greek and other origins, who emigrated to Greece from the former USSR and who attended primary schools

Mitakidou, S.; Tourtouras, C.; Tressou, E.

2008-01-01

19

The Classical Greek Program in the School District of Philadelphia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classical Greek is taught as an elective to over 200 students in seven secondary schools of the School District of Philadelphia. In the past decade the restoration of Greek studies to the classical curriculum was called for, and in 1968 a Greek Curriculum Committee was established in Philadelphia to develop a program and instructional materials.…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

20

Academic Achievement, Language Proficiency, and Socialisation of Bilingual Children in a Monolingual Greek-Cypriot-Speaking School Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the academic success of bilingual primary school children from various language backgrounds in a monolingual Greek Cypriot-speaking school environment and their mastery of modern Greek by comparison with their monolingual counterparts. Examines whether these children face any problems of socialization, adjustment, and cultural…

Papapavlou, Andreas N.

1999-01-01

21

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us: A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Students' Programmed Text - Level Alpha. [Second Edition].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a students' programmed text for Level Alpha of a humanistic approach to the instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

22

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us - A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Students' Programmed Text-Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student's programmed text for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

23

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us. A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Teacher's Guide - Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a teacher's guide for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the similarities and…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

24

Greek Secondary School Students' Views about Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to give a picture of Greek students' views about biology and some of the factors that affect them. A questionnaire measuring students' intrinsic motivation to learn biology, individual interest in biology and perceived difficulty of biology, along with information about students' gender, level, parents' occupation and educational…

Mavrikaki, Evangelia; Koumparou, Helen; Kyriakoudi, Margarita; Papacharalampous, Irene; Trimandili, Maria

2012-01-01

25

Performing Greek Tragedy in School-I, II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet addresses itself to the problem of whether Greek tragedy can be produced today in schools as a vital theatrical experience. The main thesis of the first of two articles points out that while a producer's first concern must be to communicate the context and spirit of a particular drama to a modern audience, he must also bring out the…

Raeburn, David

1964-01-01

26

School Voices in Leadership for Learning within the Greek Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the outcomes in one of the three Greek schools participating in the "Carpe Vitam: Leadership for Learning" project based at Cambridge University. It focuses on the data obtained from teacher and student interviews and uses a framework of analysis based on two qualitative methodological approaches for analysing narrative…

Demertzi, Vasiliki; Bagakis, George; Georgiadou, Sofia

2009-01-01

27

The Integration of Traditional Greek Dance in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper researches the statutory educational regulations used as a foundation to introduce traditional Greek dance in the school curriculum and which transformed it into a taught subject with connections to the ideological-political and social conditions prevalent in Greece at the time. It particularly concerns the connection between the aims…

Gartzonika, Eleftheria

2013-01-01

28

What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas

2011-01-01

29

Greek Theatre: A Reflection of Ancient Greek Society (A Program Alternative for High School Gifted Students). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, the paper describes a high school curriculum that examines the Greek theatre as a reflection of Greek society. The unit is designed to provide academic substance while developing higher level critical thinking skills. Following a brief introduction on the integration of theatre…

Girard, M. Phyllis

30

Mental health and primary care in ethnic groups Greek Cypriots in London: a preliminary investigation.  

PubMed

The psychiatric symptoms of 50 consecutive Greek Cypriot attenders at a primary health care centre in North London were compared with 50 consecutive native English attenders using the 28 item General Health Questionnaire. No differences were identified between the two ethnic groups. However, the less 'acculturated' Greek Cypriot patients manifested a higher level of psychological disturbance. PMID:2079395

Adamopoulou, A; Garyfallos, G; Bouras, N; Kouloumas, G

1990-01-01

31

Ottoman Greek Education System and Greek Girls' Schools in Istanbul (19th and 20th Centuries)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modernization efforts in education, which were initiated in the 19th century, can be seen as forerunners of the modernization attempts in the Republic period. In this article, Greek education system in the Ottoman Empire will be discussed and the effects and importance of the changes observed in Greek girls' education in 19th and 20th centuries on…

Daglar Macar, Oya

2010-01-01

32

Philosophy in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article is a critical discussion of the aims behind the teaching of philosophy in British primary schools. It begins by reviewing the recent Special Issue of the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" Vol 45 Issue 2 2011 on "Philosophy for Children in Transition", so as to see what light this might throw on the topic just mentioned. The result…

White, John

2012-01-01

33

The influence of school leadership styles and culture on students' achievement in Cyprus primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine the validation of both the model of direct effects and the model of indirect effects of principals' leadership on student academic achievement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A longitudinal study was conducted in which 22 schools, 55 classes and 1,224 Cypriot primary students participated. Specifically, achievements in Greek Language and Mathematics were assessed at the beginning

Andreas Kythreotis; Petros Pashiardis; Leonidas Kyriakides

2010-01-01

34

The Anthropogenic "Greenhouse Effect": Greek Prospective Primary Teachers' Ideas about Causes, Consequences and Cures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the ideas of Greek prospective primary teachers about the anthropogenic greenhouse effect, particularly about its causes, consequences and cures. For this purpose, a survey was conducted: 265 prospective teachers completed a closed-form questionnaire. The results showed serious misconceptions in all areas (causes, consequences…

Ikonomidis, Simos; Papanastasiou, Dimitris; Melas, Dimitris; Avgoloupis, Stavros

2012-01-01

35

A Survey of Greek Elementary School Students' Smoking Habits and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the smoking habits of Greek elementary school students, their attitudes towards smoking, and their perceptions of the health consequences of tobacco use. Data were obtained from 1,092 elementary school students who completed a 24-item questionnaire designed for this study. Results indicated more older…

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Karagouni-Areou, Fotini; Triga, Anastasia; Piperakis, Alexander S.; Argyracouli, Efthimia; Thanou, Aggeliki; Papadimitriou, Basiliki; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos; Zafiropoulou, Maria

2007-01-01

36

At a Crossroad between Memory and Thinking: The Case of Primary History Education in the Greek Cypriot Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the moment primary history education in the Greek Cypriot educational system is mainly about providing substantive knowledge and promoting Greek national identity and other social goals. Debates about history education are mostly about the kind of the past that should conveyed to the students and the social aims which should be promoted through…

Perikleous, Lukas

2010-01-01

37

Language Learning Down Under: Community Language Programs in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the second-language and native language maintenance programs of Brunswick North Primary School (Australia), a school that offers its students opportunities to learn Turkish, Italian, Greek, or Arabic. An integrated curriculum ensures that students acquire or maintain a language other than English. (SLD)

Corsetti, Maria

1993-01-01

38

Constructing Childhood: Discourses about School Violence in the Greek Daily Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the construction of discourses about childhood in the Greek daily press. It employs the theoretical frameworks of the new sociology of childhood and critical discourse analysis to question which discourses of childhood are constructed in the daily press presenting cases where children were the victimisers in school violent…

Avgitidou, Sofia; Stamou, Anastasia G.

2013-01-01

39

The Role of Oral Language Development in Reading Comprehension: Evidence from Greek Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reading efficiency is a major accomplishment that has an enormous impact on the child's academic and personal life. The purpose of the present study was to identify the potential contribution of language skills to the development of fluent reading and comprehension. In the present study, children in grades 2-4 (representing a random sample of 587 students in 17 Greek schools)

Angeliki Mouzaki; Athanassios Protopapas; Ioannis Spantidakis

2006-01-01

40

The Ideas of Greek High School Students about the "Ozone Layer."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of Greek high school students' (n=116) perceptions of the ozone layer. Finds that students have a good understanding of the position and purpose of the ozone layer in terms of protection from ultraviolet rays, but students also hold misconceptions linking the ozone layer to the greenhouse effect and other forms of local…

Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Papantoniou, Vasso Spiliotopoulou

1999-01-01

41

Training Greek Teachers in Cultural Awareness: A Pilot Teacher-Training Programme--Implications for the Practice of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent dramatic changes in the makeup of the student population in Greek schools pointed to the need for designing and implementing new educational and teacher training programmes that would incorporate the educational needs of newcomers. Such a teacher training programme aiming at developing Greek teachers' cultural awareness and empowerment…

Psalti, Anastasia

2007-01-01

42

A Paradigm of Information Literacy for Greek High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the level of information literacy skills in high school teachers and the extent of information literacy instruction in the western province of Thessaloniki. A census survey was conducted, which resulted in 500 structured questionnaires that were processed and analysed statistically using multivariate methods. The findings…

Korobili, Stella; Malliari, Aphrodite; Daniilidou, Eugenia; Christodoulou, George

2011-01-01

43

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

2011-01-01

44

Civil Engineering in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many children of primary school age, an engineer is the man who comes to service the central heating system or who fixes the family car when it breaks down. Most have never met a "real" professional engineer, and have no idea of what is involved in the exciting world of engineering. Most assume that engineers are men. To try to remove these…

Brown, Martin; Strong, Alan

2010-01-01

45

Defining physicians' readiness to screen and manage intimate partner violence in Greek primary care settings.  

PubMed

The current article aims to translate the PREMIS (Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence) survey into the Greek language and test its validity and reliability in a sample of primary care physicians. The validation study was conducted in 2010 and involved all the general practitioners serving two adjacent prefectures of Greece (n = 80). Maximum-likelihood factor analysis (MLF) was used to extract key survey factors. The instrument was further assessed for the following psychometric properties: (a) scale reliability, (b) item-specific reliability, (c) test-retest reliability, (d) scale construct validity, and (e) internal predictive validity. The MLF analysis of 23 opinion items revealed a seven-factor solution (preparation, constraint, workplace issues, screening, self-efficacy, alcohol/drugs, victim understanding), which was statistically sound (p = .293). Most of the newly derived scales displayed satisfactory internal consistency (? ? .60), high item-specific reliability, strong construct, and internal predictive validity (F = 2.82; p = .004), and high repeatability when retested with 20 individuals (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] > .70). The tool was found appropriate to facilitate the identification of competence deficits and the evaluation of training initiatives. PMID:22158688

Papadakaki, Maria; Prokopiadou, Dimitra; Petridou, Eleni; Kogevinas, Manolis; Lionis, Christos

2012-06-01

46

Reduced rates of primary joint replacement for osteoarthritis in Italian and Greek migrants to Australia: the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Racial and ethnic disparities in rates of total joint replacement have been described, but little work has been done in well-established migrant groups. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of primary joint replacement for osteoarthritis for Italian and Greek migrants to Australia and Australian-born individuals. METHODS: Eligible participants (n = 39,023) aged 27 to 75

Yuanyuan Wang; Julie A Simpson; Anita E Wluka; Donna M Urquhart; Dallas R English; Graham G Giles; Stephen Graves; Flavia M Cicuttini

2009-01-01

47

Highcliffe School Woodfuel Innovative heating for a Leicestershire Primary School  

E-print Network

Highcliffe School Woodfuel Innovative heating for a Leicestershire Primary School objectives Living school through the simple act of replacing an ageing, coal-fired boiler with a modern, wood will come from poplar trees planted in the school grounds. As well as reducing the school's carbon footprint

48

"Intelligent" Primary School Project in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construction work is about to begin on a new "intelligent" primary school for 300 students (later to be expanded for 600) in the Municipality of Solaro in the province of Milan. This is the first primary school building in Italy designed according to the principles of the "intelligent school" as defined by the Centre for Educational Innovation and…

Ponti, Giorgio

2007-01-01

49

Primary School Leadership Today and Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides a retrospective and prospective view of primary school leadership. It begins with an analytic description of primary school leadership in the recent past. The second part looks at school leadership today, identifies contemporary issues and examines role continuities and changes. The third part looks at what the future might…

Southworth, Geoff

2008-01-01

50

Cognitive and Socio-Affective Outcomes of Project-Based Learning: Perceptions of Greek Second Chance School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present questionnaire-based study was conducted in 2010 in order to examine 677 Greek Second Chance School (SCS) students' perceptions about the cognitive and socio-affective outcomes of project-based learning. Data elaboration, statistical and factor analysis showed that the participants found that project-based learning offered a second…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Karageorgou, Elissavet

2013-01-01

51

Using the "Improper" Language in the Classroom: The Conflict between Language Use and Legitimate Varieties in Education. Evidence from a Greek Cypriot Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the tensions created in a Greek Cypriot primary classroom between the legitimate variety of the school, Standard Modern Greek, and the home variety of the students, the Greek Cypriot Dialect. Ethnographic data are presented to indicate that language use in the classroom, contrary to what language policy-makers argue, is…

Ioannidou, Elena

2009-01-01

52

The Impact of School Development Plans in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School Development Plans (SDPs) were pioneered by individual schools and local education authorities (LEAs) in England as a grassroots approach to school management that was eventually adopted by national education authorities. An empirical investigation of the implementation and impact of SDPs was carried out in primary schools through a…

Mortimore, Peter; And Others

53

Homework and Attainment in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of data relating to homework in the final year of primary school is reported in the core areas of mathematics, English and science. Information was available on achievement levels, attitudes, developed ability, cultural capital and sex. Widespread variation in reported homework frequency emerged in the core subjects in primary schools, as did significant differences between girls and boys

Steve Farrow; Peter Tymms; Brian Henderson

1999-01-01

54

Opportunities for ICT in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is now part of almost every aspect of the primary school curriculum. This book, designed for primary school teachers of all subjects, shows how teachers can enhance their instruction with ICT. Chapters are as follows: (1) Introduction; (2) Opportunities for ICT in Teaching Mathematics; (3) Roamers,…

Smith, Helen

55

Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Instructional Assignment-Related Sources of Stress in Greek Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the literature concerning Greek special education teachers, there is little evidence regarding the perceived levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and job-related stress factors. The present study focused on the above issues. A sample of 127 Greek special education teachers at the primary school level was tested with the Maslach Burnout…

Platsidou, Maria; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2008-01-01

56

Intervention Research on School Bullying in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intervention research on school bullying was conducted in a primary school with an action research method. After conducting a five-week intervention program, the occurrence ratio of being bullied on the way to school and back home and the degree to which children were bullied dropped significantly, but the rate of reduction in grade three was…

Ju, Yucui; Wang, Shuqiong; Zhang, Wenxin

2009-01-01

57

A Qualitative Analysis of School Concept on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child drawing, known as language of thinking, is as an effective tool of expression as written language. The use of paper, composition, and colors are meaningful for professionals. In this research, it is intended to determine the primary school students' perception of the school and schemas with their drawings of school. Case study which is one…

Yildiz, S. Armagan

2012-01-01

58

Measuring Greek and Greek-Cypriot Students' Phonological Awareness Skills: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a new Greek phonological awareness test for preschool and primary school age children (ages 5-7) in Greece and Cyprus. A new phonological awareness test with 168 items was individually administered to 132 students (60 students in Cyprus and 72 students in Greece) from five urban, five semi-rural, and three…

Triga, Anastassia; Kakopsitou, Polina

2010-01-01

59

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

60

Advisory Teacher Service in Queensland Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to obtain information about how advisory teachers and persons within schools perceive the operation of the Advisory Teacher Service inaugurated in the Queensland State Department of Education in 1970. The service was provided so that advisory teachers would visit primary schools on invitation of the principal and help…

Varley, Peter J.; Cumming, Joy

61

New Opportunities for Change in Primary Schooling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of recent evidence from Africa, Central America, and Asia, examines why rural parents in developing nations do or do not send children to primary school when compulsory education cannot be enforced. Considers economic aims, literary values, testing, and negative school attitudes in small areas of five countries. (SB)

Oxenham, John

1984-01-01

62

Blackboard Bullies: Workplace Bullying in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a comprehensive examination of the "lived experience" of workplace bullying in primary schools in Ireland. Underpinned by the qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with a class teacher, a chairperson of a Board of Management and a school principal--all of whom who believe themselves to have been targets of…

Fahie, Declan

2014-01-01

63

Primary Schooling in West Bengal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With his Nobel Prize award money, Amartya Sen set up the Pratichi Trust which carries out research, advocacy and experimental projects in basic education, primary health care, and women's development in West Bengal and Bangladesh. Professor Sen himself took active interest in this work--helping set the agenda, looking at the evidence from…

Sen, Amartya

2010-01-01

64

Perceptions of Democracy of Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to identify the perceptions of democracy of primary school students, identify the factors that affect these, and compare the results with those obtained from other countries. The research was carried out during the 2011-2012 school year with 1,667 students from the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades who were chosen from 26 cities in…

Kus, Zafer; Cetin, Turhan

2014-01-01

65

Data and Dialogue in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many primary school teachers will have not heard of the data-handling cycle as set out in the English Key Stage 3 (UK ages 11-14) curriculum. This article argues that with a little adjustment, it could become the defining model for a holistic and dialogical approach to data handling at Key Stage 2 (UK ages 7-11).

Paramore, John

2011-01-01

66

Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

Aydin, Bahri

2010-01-01

67

Television Distribution System for Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers a 12-month study and actual trial of a video distribution system for a primary school. It consisted of a main aerial distribution into a distribution junction box which also took video cassette recorders. The whole system was designed to distribute both in RF and video frequencies. Some ways of using the system have also been…

South Australia Education Dept., Adelaide.

68

Multilingual Proficiency in Fiji Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determined language proficiency among multilingual Indo-Fijian primary school children who have the languages, Fiji-Hindi, Standard Hindi, Urdu, English, Fijian, and Fijian English in their speech repertoire. Identifies the variables that affect multilingual proficiency in this group and determines whether classroom practice reflects educational…

Shameem, Nikhat

2002-01-01

69

Multimedia Scenario in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multimedia as an educational technology tool is used throughout the educational system. In this article we present a research project where multimedia scenario was used to initiate a discussion about Internet use among students and teachers at a primary school. Multimedia scenario is the use of large screen multimedia to initiate and facilitate…

Nulden, Urban; Ward, Bodil

2002-01-01

70

Planning Guidelines for Primary Schools, Issue 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide, reflecting recent changes in the educational system in Ireland, offers guidelines for designing primary schools that need to provide additional space for the growing range of teaching and support services. It addresses increased sizes of general purpose rooms, extra floor area provision for classroom storage, administration,…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

71

Multicultural Awareness through English: A Potential Contribution of TESOL in Greek Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural diversity now evident in Greek society creates educational challenges and opportunities. Space to address these is provided by the multicultural awareness aspects of the discourse of the Cross-Thematic Curriculum Framework (CTCF). For English language classes, multicultural direction is provided through the disciplinary discussion of…

Fay, Richard; Lytra, Vally; Ntavaliagkou, Maria

2010-01-01

72

Awareness of Autism in Primary School Teachers  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease. PMID:24363934

Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

73

Awareness of autism in primary school teachers.  

PubMed

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease. PMID:24363934

Arif, Muhammad Mustafa; Niazy, Ayesha; Hassan, Bilal; Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

74

Replicating Impact of a Primary School HIV Prevention Programme: Primary School Action for Better Health, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based programmes to combat the spread of HIV have been demonstrated to be effective over the short-term when delivered on a small scale. The question addressed here is whether results obtained with small-scale delivery are replicable in large-scale roll-out. Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), a programme to train teachers to…

Maticka-Tyndale, E.; Mungwete, R.; Jayeoba, O.

2014-01-01

75

Users and Experts: Greek Primary Teachers' Views about Boys, Girls, ICTs and Computing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine primary teachers' views about the abilities and personality characteristics of boys and girls relative to information and communication technologies (ICTs) and computing, and to explore the relationship of teachers' gender-stereotyped views with teachers' gender, age, computer experience and self-efficacy…

Vekiri, Ioanna

2013-01-01

76

Resurrecting the Past, Constructing the Future: A Historical Investigation on the Formation of a Greek National Identity in Schools, 1834-1913  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation research combines archival data and historical methods and analyzes how schooling and education in Greece between 1834 and 1913 sought to shape a Greek national identity. The goal of this project is to present a historical analysis, that has thus far been absent from scholarship on the subject, and to convey how the adoption of a…

Zervas, Theodore George

2010-01-01

77

What did the Greeks mean?  

Microsoft Academic Search

By tracing in the work of medical authorities, some of whom are not widely quoted, the changing meaning of three neurological terms used in ancient Greece ? apoplexia, epilepsia and cephalalgia ? the development of Greek ideas about neurological science may be appreciated. It may be concluded that the achievement of the schools of Greek medicine was in keeping with

Joanna G. Patsioti; F. Clifford Rose

1995-01-01

78

Quality Control in Primary Schools: Progress from 2001-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of research into the quality control (QC) of schools from 2001-2006. In 2001 several targets for QC were set and the progress of 939 primary schools is presented. Furthermore, using cluster analysis, schools are classified into four QC-types that differ in their focus on school (self) evaluation and school

Hofman, Roelande H.; de Boom, Jan; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2010-01-01

79

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

80

Greek and Roman Myths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use with the text "Greek and Roman Myths," this junior high school learning activity packet introduces students to mythology and examines the influence of myths on contemporary culture. Over 20 exercises, tagged to specific readings in the text, cover identification of the major gods, the Prometheus myth, the Atlas myth, Pandora's…

Carr, Fredella; Faggionato, Michael

81

Changing Teaching and Learning in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this topical book, leading academics in primary education evaluate New Labour's Education policy. They draw on the findings of the latest research to discuss the impact of policies on primary school practice and on the views and experiences of primary school teachers and pupils. Current issues and initiatives are analyzed to identify the extent…

Webb, Rosemary, Ed.

2006-01-01

82

Exploring the Socio-Politics of the Greek Debt Crisis in a Primary Art Classroom: A Political Cartooning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an event-driven case study which took the form of a curriculum intervention in order to examine how a class of fifth-graders understood, interpreted and commented visually on the Greek debt crisis. Considering art education as a safe place where students can critically investigate through relevant visual culture genres…

Christopoulou, Martha

2013-01-01

83

Nocturnal enuresis among primary school children.  

PubMed

To determine the prevalence and personal and family risk factors for nocturnal enuresis (NE) among primary school children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using a self-administered, three-part structured questionnaire involving 832 school children aged 6 - 15 years between 2007 and 2008. We assessed participants' socio-demographic factors, family characteristics and factors related to the presence of NE. The mean age of the children was 11.5 (±2.7) years. The overall prevalence of NE was 28.6%, with a predominance of girls, and the prevalence decreased with increasing age (P <0.001). Factors likely to be associated with NE were pattern of sleeping (P <0.001), stressful social and psychological events (P <0.01), positive family history of enuresis (P <0.001), large family size (P >0.002) and a higher number of siblings (P = 0.01). Our findings reveal a high prevalence of NE among children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, with a higher prevalence in girls than in boys compared with the other studies. Sleep pattern, stressful life events, family history of NE, large family size and more children in the household may act as a risk factor for NE. PMID:24231492

Aljefri, Hasan Mohamed; Basurreh, Omer Abdullah; Yunus, Faisel; Bawazir, Amen Ahmed

2013-11-01

84

Greek Grammar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some may view ancient Greek as a "dead language", this informative and edifying website proves that the language is far from dead, and that there much to be gained through close consideration of this magisterial language. Created and maintained by Professor Marc Huys, a faculty member of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium, the site serves as a clearinghouse of available online resources for studying ancient Greek. Throughout the site's various areas, Professor Huys has reviewed each individual resource and provided a brief description of its contents and also assigned a rating to each distinct resource. Some of these topical areas include reviews of sites on Greek fonts, systematic grammar, history of the Greek language, and dictionaries. The site is rounded out by a "What's New?" area which contains information about the latest additions to the site.

85

Greek Constellations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter aims to provide an overview of the development of the constellations in the Greek tradition through a concise presentation of the main extant sources - Eudoxos, Aratos, and Hipparchos - and their relationship to one another.

Mastorakou, Stamatina

86

Primary School Teacher Candidates' Geometric Habits of Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geometric habits of mind are productive ways of thinking that support learning and using geometric concepts. Identifying primary school teacher candidates' geometric habits of mind is important as they affect the development of their future students' geometric thinking. Therefore, this study attempts to determine primary school

Köse, Nilu¨fer Y.; Tanisli, Dilek

2014-01-01

87

Supervision Beliefs of Primary School Supervisors in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine and assess the beliefs of primary school supervisors on supervision. Data for the survey model were gathered using the "Supervision beliefs scale". In the present study, 300 primary school supervisors were contacted, using a random sampling method. According to the results obtained, it was seen that the…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat; Oguz, Ebru

2009-01-01

88

Inclusive Education: Proclamations or Reality (Primary School Teachers' View)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with 2 focal points of inclusive education, which is the integral segment of the current education reform in the Bosnia and Herzegovina: its position in various proclamations and in primary school teachers' reality, i.e., legislative aspects vs. everyday situation in primary schools. The survey research was carried out through the…

Slavica, Pavlovic

2010-01-01

89

Career Development of Upper Primary School Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to determine the career development of upper primary school students in Turkey. The Revised Career Awareness Survey (RCAS) was completed by 644 Turkish upper primary school students. Results indicated that the students were able to associate their own personal characteristics with particular…

Nazli, Serap

2014-01-01

90

Primary Teacher Identity, Commitment and Career in Performative School Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here maps changes in primary teachers' identity, commitment and perspectives and subjective experiences of occupational career in the context of performative primary school cultures. The research aimed to provide in-depth knowledge of performative school culture and teachers' subjective experiences in their work of teaching.…

Troman, Geoff

2008-01-01

91

Factors Affecting Second Language Achievement in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates achievement in second language learning (Chinese) in primary school in relation to learner variables such as amount and duration of instruction and home language background. Currently in the State of Victoria it is recommended that all students learn a second language from the beginning of primary school to the end of Year…

Iwashita, Noriko; Liem, Irene

2005-01-01

92

Framing Literacy Policy: Power and Policy Drivers in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is linked to the theme of the special issue through its focus on micropolitical analysis of the changing role of "policy drivers", mediating national policy through interactions with primary school heads and teachers. The central arguments draw on case studies undertaken in two primary schools where changes related to literacy…

Mills, Colin

2011-01-01

93

Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on School Administration: Research on the Greek Schools of Secondary Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) may be considered as a synonym for the modernization of all organizations, including school units, as they provide for advanced and updated technological tools and applications. Nowadays, the implementation of new technologies in the schools of secondary education in Greece has been rapidly increasing. This adoption of ICT reinforces the teaching process, but also facilitates administrative transactions. The current research aims to determine the level of technological infrastructure present in the secondary schools of Greece, to what extent this equipment meets their administrative needs, to study the role of the school libraries in their contribution to the modernization of school administration, and to examine the conditions that influence the implementation of ICT in school management.

Saiti, Anna; Prokopiadou, Georgia

94

Improving the English Urban Primary School: Questions of Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that the focus within much normative education policy is with in-school effects which has sidelined the impact of structural and material factors in respect of the urban primary school. Educational reforms intended to improve schools are less likely to make much impact unless these contextualizing matters are directly…

Maguire, Meg; Pratt-Adams, Simon

2009-01-01

95

Target Setting in Primary Schools: The Big Squeeze  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a research project completed in 2000 which examined the processes involved in target-setting in primary schools and its relationship to school improvement. It seeks to identify the stages of the process and to describe a range of teaching staff involvement in its management. The findings indicate that in general schools

Bremner, Ian; Cartwright, David

2004-01-01

96

Prevalence and risk factors for initiation of smoking in Greek high-school students.  

PubMed

The smoking habits of 9,276 high-school students (15-18 years old) in six cities of Northern Greece were studied using a questionnaire in order to determine the prevalence and possible risk factors for initiation of smoking. We observed that 29.6% of high-school students (32.6% of boys and 26.7% of girls) were current smokers. A percentage of 43.3% had started smoking before the age of 14. Reactive behaviour towards parents' and teachers' advice (40.2%) and the existence of smoking friends (40.1%) were the main reasons of initiation. A well-planned integrated anti-smoking campaign is urgently required, especially among students and teachers. PMID:19440427

Sichletidis, Lazaros T; Chloros, Diamantis A; Tsiotsios, Anastasios I; Spyratos, Dionisios G

2009-03-01

97

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

98

Effectiveness of School-Based Bullying Intervention Programs in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying behavior has reached pandemic proportions and is a growing concern in primary school. Most intervention programs in primary school are focused on bullying prevention or principally on the behavior of the bully. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a school-based bullying intervention program is an effective method for reducing…

Dogini, Eric U.

2012-01-01

99

School Management Related Knowledge Levels of Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge levels of the teachers affect the qualifications of operations and transactions in schools. School management related knowledge of the teachers is an essential tool to reach the targets of the school. The objective of this study was to determine the school management related knowledge levels of the teachers. Qualitative and…

Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2013-01-01

100

Development of Greek-Cypriot Teachers' Professional Identities: Is There a "Sense" of Growth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to explore Greek-Cypriot teachers' development of professional identities, the current study reveals the ways in which seven teachers in one primary school in Cyprus perceive themselves as agents improving their teaching and growing as professionals. In-depth interviews indicate that teachers' conceptions of good teaching reflect a…

Karagiorgi, Yiasemina

2012-01-01

101

Spelling Performance and Semantic Understanding of Compound Words by Greek Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed to investigate the spelling performance and the semantic understanding of compound words by 103 Greek primary school children (first through sixth grade). The experimental group comprised of 25 children with spelling difficulties and compared with a control group of 78 children of typical development. Children were asked to spell…

Tsesmeli, Styliani N.; Koutselaki, Despoina

2013-01-01

102

Greek Zombies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the possibility that the human mind underwent substantial changes in recent history. Assuming that consciousness is a substantial trait of the mind, the paper focuses on the suggestion made by Julian Jaynes that the Mycenean Greeks had a “bicameral” mind instead of a conscious one. The suggestion is commonly dismissed as patently absurd, for instance by critics

Jan Sleutels

2006-01-01

103

Resource Provision in Primary Schools--An Australian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Australian perspective on the resource provision in primary schools offers a framework for conceptualizing resources; explores the notion of equality; and provides suggestions for making resourcing more equitable. (AEF)

Yarrow, Allan; Millwater, Jan

1994-01-01

104

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School (Part II)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the Eynsham County Primary School, uses the seven criteria suggested by the Spodek early childhood education analysis framework: assumptions, goals, curriculum, method, style, organization, and effectiveness. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

105

Food, Environment and Health: A Guide for Primary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for primary school teachers provides a practical collection of facts, advice, projects, games, stories, and sample questions for use in teaching children the importance of healthy habits. Food, personal hygiene, and the home environment are areas of particular concern. Details range from advice on ways to start a school garden or design…

Williams, Trefor; And Others

106

Creativity and Performativity Policies in Primary School Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultures of performativity in English primary schools refer to systems and relationships of: target-setting; Ofsted inspections; school league tables constructed from pupil test scores; performance management; performance related pay; threshold assessment; and advanced skills teachers. Systems which demand that teachers "perform" and in which…

Troman, Geoff; Jeffrey, Bob; Raggl, Andrea

2007-01-01

107

Leading Small Scottish Primary Schools: Still a Unique Style?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1996 and 1998, research commissioned by the Scottish Office Education Department was undertaken on the management of small Scottish primary schools, the results of which were published in this journal (Wilson and McPake, 1998). This article reports the findings from a follow-up study of a sample of 100 schools that participated in the…

Wilson, Valerie

2009-01-01

108

Primary School Literacy in Southern Africa: African Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review examines trends in recent scholarship concerning primary school literacy instruction in Southern Africa. Past scholarship, particularly that which originated from western researchers, focused on technical or structural issues facing literacy instruction in the region, such as language of instruction, school conditions,…

Perry, Kristen H.

2008-01-01

109

Creativity in Artistic Education: Introducing Artists into Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a more prominent role of arts education in the school curriculum, artistic creativity does not occur to a great extent in primary school practice. More opportunities for teachers to strengthen their know-how in the field of artistic creativity can therefore be considered important. Arts education projects focus on pupils' development of…

De Backer, Free; Lombaerts, Koen; De Mette, Tom; Buffel, Tine; Elias, Willem

2012-01-01

110

Laptop Classes in Some Australian Government Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia was once a world leader for laptop adoption in schools. Now overtaken by extensive roll-outs of laptops in Maine and Uruguay, this paper seeks to explain why this lead was lost. Six case studies of government primary schools were undertaken to gather data about current initiatives. Comparative analysis shows how the potential of…

Fluck, Andrew E.

2011-01-01

111

Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

Odera, Florence Y.

2011-01-01

112

Children of the "Danchi": A Japanese Primary School for Newcomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practices and policies of Japanese schooling for immigrant and marginalised students are examined through the lens of a primary school which serves one of the largest foreign student populations in Japan. Student families include Southeast Asian refugees, South American immigrants of Japanese descent, recent and longstanding Chinese and Koreans,…

Gordon, June A.

2009-01-01

113

Main Factors of Job Satisfaction among Primary School Educators: Factor Analysis of the Greek Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job satisfaction is an important issue, but remains a complex one as it is difficult to measure. A wide range of factors such as the working environment, its manner of organisation, demography and individual circumstances, etc., can substantially affect the level of job satisfaction attained by individuals. Job satisfaction and the teaching…

Saiti, Anna

2007-01-01

114

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a typical day in an open school in Oxfordshire, England with particular reference to use of the various learning centers. Gives a detailed description of the teacher's actual role in interacting with children. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

115

Historical Digressions in Greek Geometry Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an attempt to combine the history of mathematics of ancient Greece with the course on theoretical geometry taught in Greek secondary schools. Three sections present the history of ancient Greek geometry, geometrical constructions using straightedges and compasses, and an application of Ptolemy's theorem in solving ancient astronomy…

Thomaidis, Yannis

1991-01-01

116

Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

Ipek, Cemalettin

2010-01-01

117

Motivation among Public Primary School Teachers in Mauritius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to critically analyse the factors that affect the motivation of public primary school teachers and also to investigate if there is any relationship between teacher motivation and job satisfaction in Mauritius. Design/methodology/approach: Simple random sampling method was used to collect data from 250 primary

Seebaluck, Ashley Keshwar; Seegum, Trisha Devi

2013-01-01

118

The Development of Metacognition in Primary School Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructivist ideas have influenced recent major innovations in Dutch secondary education and new curricula for reading and math in primary education, for example, pay much more attention to metacognition than before. In our study, we compared the growth of student metacognition in varying learning environments, direct instruction, and cognitive apprenticeship in primary school. The study also included a control group

Bernadet de Jager; Margo Jansen; Gerry Reezigt

2005-01-01

119

Bridging the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen, and meeting the needs…

Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.

2011-01-01

120

The role of perceived well-being in the family, school and peer context in adolescents’ subjective health complaints: evidence from a Greek cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background During adolescence children are usually confronted with an expanding social arena. Apart from families, schools and neighbourhoods, peers, classmates, teachers, and other adult figures gain increasing importance for adolescent socio-emotional adjustment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which Greek adolescents’ perceived well-being in three main social contexts (family, school and peers) predicted self-reported Subjective Health Complaints. Methods Questionnaires were administered to a Greek nation-wide, random, school-based sample of children aged 12–18 years in 2003. Data from 1.087 adolescents were analyzed. A hierarchical regression model with Subjective Health Complaints as the outcome variable was employed in order to i) control for the effects of previously well-established demographic factors (sex, age and subjective economic status) and ii) to identify the unique proportion of variance attributed to each context. Bivariate correlations and multicollinearity were also explored. Results As hypothesized, adolescents’ perceived well-being in each of the three social contexts appeared to hold unique proportions of variance in self-reported Subjective Health Complaints, after controlling for the effects of sex, age and subjective economic status. In addition, our final model confirmed that the explained variance in SHC was accumulated from each social context studied. The regression models were statistically significant and explained a total of approximately 24% of the variance in Subjective Health Complaints. Conclusions Our study delineated the unique and cumulative contributions of adolescents’ perceived well-being in the family, school and peer setting in the explanation of Subjective Health Complaints. Apart from families, schools, teachers and peers appear to have a salient role in adolescent psychosomatic adjustment. A thorough understanding of the relationship between adolescents’ Subjective Health Complaints and perceived well-being in their social contexts could not only lead to more effective tailored initiatives, but also to promote a multi- and inter-disciplinary culture in adolescent psychosomatic health. PMID:24283390

2013-01-01

121

The Effect of Free Primary Education Policy on Late School Entry in Urban Primary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late school entry is driven by several factors, one of the key ones being the cost barrier to schooling. Policies such as free primary education (FPE) that advocate for universal coverage are therefore partly aimed at removing the cost barrier. The Kenyan Government, like many in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), introduced FPE in 2003 with the aim of…

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Mutisya, Maurice

2013-01-01

122

Cricos Provider Code: 00098G Copyright School of Mathematics and Statistics, UNSW 2012 GENS2006 Introduction to New Testament Greek  

E-print Network

information, lecture notes, and other material will be provided via Blackboard. Course aims This course and linguistic background to the Koine Greek dialect. 2 #12;Student Learning Outcomes Students taking this course to master the basic material. 3 #12;Assessment Assessment in this course will consist of several class tests

Blennerhassett, Peter

123

Faith Primary Schools: Better Schools or Better Pupils? CEE DP 72  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We provide estimates of the effect of attending a Faith school on educational attainment progress during the Primary education phase in England. We argue that there are no credible instruments for Faith school attendance. Instead, we control for selection on religious schooling by tracking pupils over time and comparing attainments of students who…

Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

2006-01-01

124

School-Based Primary School Sexuality Education for Migrant Children in Beijing, China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2007, Beijing Normal University launched a programme of school-based sexuality education for migrant children in Xingzhi Primary School in Beijing. Over the past seven years, the project team has developed a school-based sexuality education curriculum using the "International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education" published by…

Liu, Wenli; Su, Yufen

2014-01-01

125

Establishment of "Green Schools" Is an Important Medium in Primary and Secondary School Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the establishment of the "green schools"campaign as an important medium in primary and secondary school environmental education. The author emphasizes the effect that can be brought about by the "green schools" campaign, which are as follows: (1) stresses action for a common goal, as well as the operability and extensive…

Zhenya, Song

2004-01-01

126

Towards a Biologically Informed Primary School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The various ways "nature" and "nurture" interact to shape school pupils' lives are examined from the perspective of recent biologically informed studies. The idea of a highly predictive, genetically based inheritance is strikingly upheld by research in infancy and early childhood. Research evidence also shows how pupil individuality develops…

Silcock, Peter

2008-01-01

127

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

128

The Efficiency of the Greek Lighthouse Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the many primary causes which lead to a shipping casualty, those of wrecking, stranding or coming into contact with fixed coastal structures depend (although not exclusively and only under specific conditions of visibility) upon the efficiency of the lighthouse and navigating lights network of a national coastline. The analysis of the shipping casualties involving Greek ships in the Greek

Julia Englesou; Mary Lekakou; Ernest Tzannatos

1998-01-01

129

Measuring Inviting School Climate: A Case Study of a Public Primary School in an Urban Low Socioeconomic Setting in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study utilized the Inviting School Survey-Revised (ISS-R) (Smith, 2005b, 2013) based on Invitational Theory and Practice (Purkey & Novak, 2008) to examine the school climate of a public primary school in a low urban socio-economic setting in Kenya. School climate was defined as the perceptions of primary school teachers and pupils…

Okaya, Tom Mboya; Horne, Marj; Lamig, Madeleine; Smith, Kenneth H.

2013-01-01

130

Contemporary Greek Presentations of Ancient Greek Theatre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Confronted with the problems imposed by the stage presentation and interpretation of ancient Greek theatre to contemporary audiences, scholars have developed four major approaches to the presentation of Greek drama over the past 70 years. The first approach, referred to as modificationist or realist, claims that communicating ancient Greek drama…

Metallinos, Nikos

131

School Development Planning in Jersey Primary Schools: A Contingency Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines management of planned change. Considers how a continually shifting balance between environmental turbulence and stability affects implementation of annual school-development plans. Tests Wallace and McMahon's contingency hypothesis: turbulent environments demand a continual process of creation, monitoring, and adjustment. Stable…

Jones, Gary Richard

1996-01-01

132

Primary School National Summary Data Report (the Annex to the Primary PICSI and PANDA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report from the Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED), a non-ministerial government department, independent from the Department for Education & Employment, constitutes a comprehensive annual assessment of primary education in the UK. Data from the Pre Inspection Context and School Indicator (PICSI) and the Performance and Assessment (PANDA) Reports are summarized here. Statistics for individual schools include "pupils' test and examination results in comparison with national averages and the average achievement of similar schools; composite graded information from the school's previous inspection; basic characteristics of the school (taken from the school census); economic, social and demographic characteristics of the local area (taken from the Census of Population)." In addition, the reports contain supplemental data concerning pupil-teacher ratios, expenditure patterns, length of taught week, the curriculum, and other issues.

2000-01-01

133

The Primary School Curriculum in a Colonial Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of primary school curriculum in Guyana, a former British colony, points out social determinates of curriculum. Ruling groups emphasized agriculture and manual arts in public education to maintain class distinctions while the masses fought for academic education as a key to financial and social success. (JH)

Bacus, M. Kazim

1974-01-01

134

Perceived Social Skills and Irrational Beliefs in Primary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the relationships between perceived social skills and irrational beliefs (total score, demand for success, demand for comfort) in the 6th and 7th grade students were examined. The participants in the current study included 344 students from three primary schools in Denizli, Turkey. Data were collected by using Social Skills Scale-Student Version and Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents.

135

Equality of Educational Opportunities at Public Primary Schools in Argentina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the degree of equality of educational opportunities across Argentina's public primary schools. The main finding is that there are inequalities between jurisdictions, but even greater inequalities within them, suggesting the existence of serious problems in the distribution of resources at the sub-national level. Following…

Adrogue, Cecilia

2013-01-01

136

Mind games, reasoning skills, and the primary school curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a pilot research project aimed at helping to develop some strategic and reasoning abilities in primary school pupils by engaging them in educational itineraries based on the use of a number of computer mind games. The paper briefly describes the project’s aims and organization, the kind of games used and the working methodology adopted. It then

Rosa Maria Bottino; Michela Ott

2006-01-01

137

Report: The Japanese Bilingual Program at Huntingdale Primary School, Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a period of twenty years, Japanese language teaching has firmly established itself within primary school programs in most Australian States and Territories. Today the question is how to develop Japanese language education further in innovative ways suitable for learners' needs in the 21st century. In this report, the author examines the…

Farmer, Kylie

2006-01-01

138

Crossing the Primary and Secondary School Divide in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education courses at universities qualify graduates to teach in age-related contexts of primary/early childhood/secondary that reflect the organisational structure of schools. In terms of teacher employment, for some considerable time, these longstanding organisational divisions have been by-passed whereby a shortage of teachers in…

Knipe, Sally

2012-01-01

139

Substantive Communication of Space Mathematics in Upper Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative action research project with preservice teachers built on Wood's (2003) paper on strategy reporting, inquiry and argumentation and the NSW Department of Education and Training documents called substantive communication. There is little research on argumentation about space mathematics in primary schools so this is the focus of the…

Owens, Kay

2005-01-01

140

The Self-Perceptions of Bullies in Cyprus Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying is a matter of significant concern in the Cypriot educational setting. Teachers usually report their difficulties in understanding bullies and their anxiety to find effective ways to deal with them. This project investigated the self-concepts of a sample of nine boys identified as bullies at the end of primary schooling in Nicosia,…

Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

2008-01-01

141

Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the English language situation at primary school level in Vietnam from a language planning perspective. It examines language policy for foreign language teaching in Vietnam to provide a picture of the role of English in foreign language education. It analyses language-in-education policy, curriculum and teaching materials, and…

Hoa, Nguyen Thi Mai; Tuan, Nguyen Quoc

2007-01-01

142

Primary Principals' Leadership Styles, School Organizational Health and Workplace Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying. Design/methodology/approach: Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used--a multi-level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2011-01-01

143

Designing by Decorating: The Use of Pictures in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper concerns the concept of information use. The aim of the study is to understand how information use, as an activity, is shaped when project-based methods are used in primary school. The particular focus here is information use which involves visual information resources. It relates to the overarching aim of a set of studies…

Lundh, Anna; Limberg, Louise

2012-01-01

144

Lexical Quality and Reading Comprehension in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a cross-sectional study, we examined the relationship between the quality of lexical representations and text comprehension skill in German primary school children (Grades 1-4). We measured the efficiency and accuracy of orthographical, phonological, and meaning representations by means of computerized tests. Text comprehension skill was…

Richter, Tobias; Isberner, Maj-Britt; Naumann, Johannes; Neeb, Yvonne

2013-01-01

145

Boys and Girls: Sexuality as Performance in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws upon data gathered from a research project entitled "Children's Relationship Cultures in Years 5 and 6". The project aimed to explore the ways in which primary school age children understand emotional, caring and family relationships. This paper will focus upon the ways in which gender and sexuality is performed by boys and girls…

Kehily, Mary Jane

2004-01-01

146

Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

2009-01-01

147

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

148

Using Intelligent Synthetic Characters for Behavior Training in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces our on-going project whose aim is to apply synthetic characters to behavior training in primary schools. Project groups include research centers from UK, Portugal, and China. Research members include artificial intelligent group, graphical group, educational group and psychological group. 24 months co-operation work and 4 meetings exchanging idea proof plentiful and substantial results. A closer link between

Zhigeng Pan; Ruth Aylett; Jiejie Zhu; Caohui Zhu; Guilin Xu

149

Primary School Teachers' Ability to Recognise Resilience in their Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teachers' knowledge of, and capacity to identify resilience, in 92 primary school children in Far North Queensland. It was found that although teachers' knowledge of resilience was apparently strong, and they reported a significant level of confidence in their ability to assist children in building resilience, their…

Russo, Rebecca; Boman, Peter

2007-01-01

150

Language Education Needs for Multilingualism in Fiji Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at current practice in teaching multilingual Indo-Fijian children in eight Fiji primary schools. Indo-Fijians speak Fiji Hindi (FH) as their mother tongue, learn Shudh Hindi (SH) or Urdu, and English for formal and literacy purposes and use English and Fijian for interethnic communication. The current education policy states that…

Shameem, Nikhat

2007-01-01

151

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

152

Teaching Primary School Mathematics and Statistics: Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is the only reference book you will ever need for teaching primary school mathematics and statistics. It is full of exciting and engaging snapshots of excellent classroom practice relevant to "The New Zealand Curriculum" and national mathematics standards. There are many fascinating examples of investigative learning experiences, and key…

Averill, Robin; Harvey, Roger

2010-01-01

153

Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

154

Social Skills of Slovenian Primary School Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social skills of students with special needs play a very important role in their successful integration into inclusive learning environments. The aim of present empirical research was to establish whether students with learning disabilities (LD) attending grades 7-9 of regular primary school in Slovenia experience difficulties in social skills…

Schmidt, Majda; Prah, Alenka; Cagran, Branka

2014-01-01

155

The Achievement of Indigenous Students in Guatemalan Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the difference in academic achievement between indigenous and nonindigenous children that attend rural primary schools in Guatemala. The gap ranges between 0.8 and 1 standard deviation in Spanish, and approximately half that in Mathematics. A decomposition procedure suggests that a relatively small portion of the achievement…

McEwan, Patrick J.; Trowbridge, Marisol

2007-01-01

156

The Quest for Strategic Malaysian Quality National Primary School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nine-point strategic leadership characteristics of Malaysian Quality National Primary School Leaders (QNPSL) and to indicate the implications of these findings for the current educational management and leadership practices in their quest for Malaysian quality education.…

Ali, Hairuddin Mohd

2012-01-01

157

Developing Children's Language Learner Strategies at Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the strategy repertoires and strategy development of six English children who learned foreign languages at primary school. My study differs from mainstream research, in that it focuses on young children and on the development of their strategies, draws on sociocultural theory and uses ethnographic methods. My findings show…

Kirsch, Claudine

2012-01-01

158

Primary School Science Teachers' Perspectives regarding Their Professional Development: Implications for School Districts in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions play a significant role in an individual's decision-making. This paper reports on a study that investigated primary school science teachers' perceptions of their school district professional development and its basis and impact on the teacher development process in a large district in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. From the…

Bantwini, Bongani D.

2012-01-01

159

Engaging with Schools and Increasing Primary School Students' Interest in Science: An Intersectoral Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an initiative called "Scientists in Schools" which was implemented with a group of seventy (n=70) Year 4 and Year 7 students studying in a local school in regional South Australia with the primary objective of raising awareness and interest in the study of sciences. Mezirow's critical reflection was used by the teacher and…

Willsher, Kerre; Penman, Joy

2011-01-01

160

Cost-effectiveness of active transport for primary school children - Walking School Bus program  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To assess from a societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness of the Walking School Bus (WSB) program for Australian primary school children as an obesity prevention measure. The intervention was modelled as part of the ACE-Obesity study, which evaluated, using consistent methods, thirteen interventions targeting unhealthy weight gain in Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A logic pathway was used to

Marjory Moodie; Michelle Haby; Leah Galvin; Boyd Swinburn; Robert Carter

2009-01-01

161

Child Participation in School Governance: The Case of Prefects at a Primary School in Lesotho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on literature that has theorised child participation within the sociology of childhood framework to examine how children participate in governance within school spaces. Four children aged between 13 and 17 (in grades six and seven) who serve as prefects at a primary school in Lesotho were participants in this study. Data was…

Morojele, Pholoho; Muthukrishna, Nithi

2011-01-01

162

Does a Socio-Ecological School Model Promote Resilience in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This research investigates the extent to which the holistic, multistrategy "health-promoting school" (HPS) model using a resilience intervention can lead to improved resilience among students. Methods: A quasi-experimental design using a study cohort selected from 20 primary schools in Queensland, Australia was employed. Ten…

Lee, Patricia C.; Stewart, Donald E.

2013-01-01

163

Focus Points for School Health Promotion Improvements in Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enable improvements in school health promotion, this paper examines associations between the number of health-promotion issues addressed by primary school teachers in the Netherlands and factors thought to influence this behavior. The main factors studied are context characteristics and constructs of attitude, social influence, self-efficacy…

Leurs, Mariken T. W.; Bessems, Kathelijne; Schaalma, Herman P.; de Vries, Hein

2007-01-01

164

Emergent Communities of Practice: Secondary Schools' Interaction with Primary School Foreign Language Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to give an account of the response of secondary schools to the primary school foreign language teaching initiative recently introduced by the UK government. The paper also explores defining features of the process of cross-phase interaction and the role that knowledge and collaborative practice plays in generating change…

Evans, Michael; Fisher, Linda

2012-01-01

165

Choosing Schools: Explorations in Post-Primary School Choice in an Urban Irish Working Class Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines post-primary school choice processes in the urban Irish working-class community of Portown. Here, there is an awareness of hegemonic neoliberal ideals and how school choice becomes a significantly classed space characterised by market ideologies and structural inequality. This critical ethnography explored the world through…

Cahill, Kevin; Hall, Kathy

2014-01-01

166

Promoting and Building Resilience in Primary School Communities: Evidence from a Comprehensive ‘Health Promoting School’ Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first phase of a multi-strategy health promotion project which uses a whole-school approach to promote resilience in children of primary school age in school, family and community settings in urban and rural\\/remote locations in Queensland, Australia. The study population comprised students from Years 3, 5, and 7 (ages 8, 10, 12 years), their parents\\/care-givers and

Donald Stewart; Jing Sun; Carla Patterson; Kate Lemerle; Michael Hardie

2004-01-01

167

Flying the "Active School Flag": Physical Activity Promotion through Self-Evaluation in Primary Schools in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary schools are key sites where children can be active, advance their knowledge and understanding of how to participate in physical activity (PA) and develop an appreciation of its importance in their lives. This study explored the role of schools in promoting PA asking: how do primary schools approach the promotion of whole-school PA? Data…

Chroinin, Deirdre Ni; Murtagh, Elaine; Bowles, Richard

2012-01-01

168

Ancient Greek Project (ID:359) We work in partnership with the successful Iris Project's Ancient Greek Project to  

E-print Network

Ancient Greek Project (ID:359) Outline We work in partnership with the successful Iris Project's Ancient Greek Project to introduce secondary age pupils (Years 7-9 and 10-12) to Latin as the root of attendance at the end of the year. Location: Schools - Swansea University students come to the school for one

Harman, Neal.A.

169

Development of Science Anxiety Scale for Primary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal aim of the study is to develop a new scale Science Anxiety Scale and to examine its the psychometric properties\\u000a and construct validity of the Science Anxiety Scale in a sample of 797 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis\\u000a was applied and found to have a two-dimensional structure. Confirmatory factor analyses provide evidence for a solid two-dimension\\u000a structure

Cem Oktay Güzeller; Mustafa Do?ru

170

WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: School Nutrition Environment and Body Mass Index in Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

Background: Schools are important settings for the promotion of a healthy diet and sufficient physical activity and thus overweight prevention. Objective: To assess differences in school nutrition environment and body mass index (BMI) in primary schools between and within 12 European countries. Methods: Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) were used (1831 and 2045 schools in 2007/2008 and 2009/2010, respectively). School personnel provided information on 18 school environmental characteristics on nutrition and physical activity. A school nutrition environment score was calculated using five nutrition-related characteristics whereby higher scores correspond to higher support for a healthy school nutrition environment. Trained field workers measured children’s weight and height; BMI-for-age (BMI/A) Z-scores were computed using the 2007 WHO growth reference and, for each school, the mean of the children’s BMI/A Z-scores was calculated. Results: Large between-country differences were found in the availability of food items on the premises (e.g., fresh fruit could be obtained in 12%?95% of schools) and school nutrition environment scores (range: 0.30?0.93). Low-score countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania) graded less than three characteristics as supportive. High-score (?0.70) countries were Ireland, Malta, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia and Sweden. The combined absence of cold drinks containing sugar, sweet snacks and salted snacks were more observed in high-score countries than in low-score countries. Largest within-country school nutrition environment scores were found in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania. All country-level BMI/A Z-scores were positive (range: 0.20?1.02), indicating higher BMI values than the 2007 WHO growth reference. With the exception of Norway and Sweden, a country-specific association between the school nutrition environment score and the school BMI/A Z-score was not observed. Conclusions: Some European countries have implemented more school policies that are supportive to a healthy nutrition environment than others. However, most countries with low school nutrition environment scores also host schools with supportive school environment policies, suggesting that a uniform school policy to tackle the “unhealthy” school nutrition environment has not been implemented at the same level throughout a country and may underline the need for harmonized school policies. PMID:25361044

Wijnhoven, Trudy M.A.; van Raaij, Joop M.A.; Sjöberg, Agneta; Eldin, Nazih; Yngve, Agneta; Kunešová, Marie; Starc, Gregor; Rito, Ana I.; Duleva, Vesselka; Hassapidou, Maria; Martos, Éva; Pudule, Iveta; Petrauskiene, Ausra; Farrugia Sant’Angelo, Victoria; Hovengen, Ragnhild; Breda, João

2014-01-01

171

Implementation of Mandatory Nutritional Guidelines in South Australian Primary School Canteens: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary schools are identified as being in a primary position to offer nutrition education. Moreover, primary schools can offer an environment which is conducive to the promotion of healthy eating while influencing eating behaviours of children to benefit their health, well-being and academic development and performance. School canteens are one…

Abery, Elizabeth; Drummond, Claire

2014-01-01

172

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

173

Students' Perceptions of Teacher Support across the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the degree to which students' perceptions of teacher support are related to school type (primary versus secondary). The sample included 7,205 students from years 5 to 7 in primary school and years 8 to 10 in secondary school. Previous research has concluded that perceptions of school change negatively when students move from…

Bru, Edvin; Stornes, Tor; Munthe, Elaine; Thuen, Elin

2010-01-01

174

Quality of Primary Education Inputs in Urban Schools: Evidence from Nairobi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the quality of primary school inputs in urban settlements with a view to understand how it sheds light on benchmarks of education quality indicators in Kenya. Data from a school survey that involved 83 primary schools collected in 2005 were used. The data set contains information on school quality characteristics of various…

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.

2011-01-01

175

Primary School Councils: Organization, Composition and Head Teacher Perceptions and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School councils have been an integral part of primary school life for the last decade and, despite not being mandatory in England, they are now to be found in the vast majority of primary schools. This research article aims to examine the current position of school councils in terms of their organization, the issues they address and the views held…

Burnitt, Michael; Gunter, Helen

2013-01-01

176

Health Education in Primary School Textbooks in Iran in School Year 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Health education in schools is one of the most effective ways of promoting health in a society. Studies have shown the effectiveness of health interventions aimed at improving students’ knowledge, attitude, and behaviors about health issues. The aim of this study was to evaluate health issues in primary school textbooks in Iran. Materials and Methods: In school year 2010–2011, the contents of all primary school textbooks in Iran were assessed in accordance to their health-related teachings. Health lessons of these 27 textbooks in the form of picture and text were retrieved and analyzed using content analysis method. Results: In total, 502 health-related lessons were found. The textbooks of the third grade contained the highest (144) and those of the fourth grade had the lowest (26) number of health lessons. Among health-related issues, the largest number (87) of lessons were about personal hygiene, while prevention of high risk behaviors comprised the least number (8). Some important health issues such as nutrition, oral health, and prevention of high-risk behaviors were not adequately discussed in the textbooks. Conclusion: The potential of primary school textbooks in delivering health messages has been neglected in Iran. Taking the critical importance of school ages into account, incorporating health issues in textbooks should be more strongly emphasized.

Kazemian, Reza; Ghasemi, Hadi; Movahhed, Taraneh; Kazemian, Ali

2014-01-01

177

Do Learning Difficulties Differentiate Elementary Teachers' Attributional Patterns for Students' Academic Failure? A Comparison between Greek Regular and Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to (a) investigate whether the presence of learning difficulties (LD) in primary school children differentiates Greek teachers' attributional patterns, emotional responses, expectations and evaluative feedback for the children's academic failures and (b) to examine possible differences between regular and special…

Vlachou, Anastasia; Eleftheriadou, Dimitra; Metallidou, Panayiota

2014-01-01

178

Addition and Subtraction Word Problems in Greek Grade A and Grade B Mathematics Textbooks: Distribution and Children's Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics textbooks are a predominant resource in primary school in Greece, as well as in many other countries. The present study reports on both a content analysis of Greek mathematics textbooks with regard to the types of word problems represented in them and a quantitative analysis of children's achievement in these problems. For the…

Despina, Desli; Harikleia, Loukidou

2014-01-01

179

School food policy at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders: does it influence young people's food habits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the availability of food items at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders and to examine the influence of school food policy (availability of food items, school food rules, nutrition education programmes) and aggregated school socioeconomical status (AGG SES) on the consumption of fruit, soft drinks, crisps and sweets, using multilevel modelling.Design, setting and subjects: In spring 2002,

C A Vereecken; K Bobelijn; L Maes

2005-01-01

180

The introduction of Greek Central Health Fund: Has the reform met its goal in the sector of Primary Health Care or is there a new model needed?  

PubMed

BackgroundThe National Organization for Healthcare Provision (EOPYY) originates from the recent reform in Greek healthcare, aiming amidst economic predicament, at the rationalization of health expenditure and reactivation of the pivotal role of Primary Health Care (PHC). Health funding (public/private) mix is examined, alongside the role of pre-existing health insurance funds. The main pursuit of this paper is to evaluate whether EOPYY has met its goals.MethodsThe article surveys for best practices in advanced health systems and similar sickness funds. The main benchmarks focus on PHC provision and providers¿ reimbursement. It then turns to an analysis of EOPYY, focusing on specific questions and searching the relevant databases. It compares the best practice examples to the EOPYY (alongside further developments set by new legislation in L 4238/14), revealing weaknesses relevant to non-integrated PHC network, unbalanced manpower, non-gatekeeping, under-financing and other funding problems caused by the current crisis. Finally, a new model of medical procedures cost accounting was tested in health centers.ResultsAn alternative operation of EOPYY functioning primarily as an insurer whereas its proprietary units are integrated with these of the NHS is proposed. The paper claims it is critical to revise the current induced demand favorable reimbursement system, via per capita payments for physicians combined with extra pay-for-performance payments, while cost accounting corroborates a prospective system for NHS¿s and EOPYY¿s units, under a combination of global budgets and Ambulatory Patient Groups (APGs)ConclusionsSelf-critical points on the limitations of results due to lack of adequate data (not) given by EOPYY are initially raised. Then the issue concerning the debate between `copying¿ benchmarks and `a la cart¿ selectively adopting and adapting best practices from wider experience is discussed, with preference to the latter. The idea of an `a la cart¿ choice of international examples is proposed. The `results¿ discussing EOPYY¿s dual function and induced-demand favorable reimbursement system are further critically examined. International experience shows evidence of effective alternatives, such as per capita and pay-for-performance payments for practicing doctors as well as per case reimbursement for health centers under global budget principles. PMID:25421631

Polyzos, Nikos; Karakolias, Stefanos; Dikeos, Costas; Theodorou, Mamas; Kastanioti, Catherine; Mama, Kalomira; Polizoidis, Periklis; Skamnakis, Christoforos; Tsairidis, Charalampos; Thireos, Eleutherios

2014-11-25

181

Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

2014-01-01

182

The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

2012-01-01

183

Identification of School-Related Objects as Perceived by Children on Primary School Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the development of primary perceptual abilities in the child depends on a variety of factors that may differ distinctly in comparison with an adult, the present study purposed to discover a set of objects which the child himself relates with school, thus removing any adult bias created by this divergence in perceptual viewpoints. Results of…

Walker, William E.

184

Identification and levels of airborne fungi in Portuguese primary schools.  

PubMed

Several studies found associations between exposure to airborne fungi and allergy, infection, or irritation. This study aimed to characterize airborne fungi populations present in public primary schools in Porto, Portugal, during winter through quantification and identification procedures. Fungal concentration levels and identification were obtained in a total of 73 classrooms. The AirIdeal portable air sampler was used in combination with chloramphenicol malt extract agar. Results showed a wide range of indoor fungi levels, with indoor concentrations higher than outdoors. The most prevalent fungi found indoors were Penicillium sp. (>70%) and Cladosporium sp. As evidence indicates that indoor fungal exposures plays a role in asthma clinical status, these results may contribute to (1) promoting and implementing public health prevention programs and (2) formulating recommendations aimed at providing healthier school environments. PMID:25072714

Madureira, Joana; Pereira, Cristiana; Paciência, Inês; Teixeira, João Paulo; de Oliveira Fernandes, Eduardo

2014-01-01

185

Primary School Teachers' Inspection in Turkey: Primary School Teachers' Expectations about Inspectors' Guidance Roles and the Realisation Level of These Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to point out primary school teachers' expectations about inspectors' guidance roles and the realisation level of these expectations. The data used in this research that will be done in descriptive scanning model is collected from the views of primary school teachers selected randomly from Balikesir, Batman and Hatay.…

Polat, Soner; Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2008-01-01

186

Peer Learning in Primary School Science: Theoretical Perspectives and Implications for Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines cognitive models of peer learning in school and the implications that these models have for the teaching of science in primary schools. The article is a product of the European Commission, Socrates Comenius 2.1 funded project "The Implementation of Scientific Thinking in (Pre) Primary Schools Settings (STIPPS)" project…

Thurston, A.; Van de Keere, K.; Kosack, W.; Gatt, S.; Marchal, J.; Mestdagh, N.; Schmeinck, D.; Sidor, W.; Topping, K. J.; Donnert, K.

2007-01-01

187

A Multidimensional Approach to Determinants of Computer Use in Primary Education: Teacher and School Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central aim of this study was to test a model that integrates determinants of educational computer use. In particular, the article examines teacher and school characteristics that are associated with different types of computer use by primary school teachers. A survey was set up, involving 527 teachers from 68 primary schools in Flanders. A…

Tondeur, J.; Valcke, M.; van Braak, J.

2008-01-01

188

The Effects of Servant Leadership on Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Primary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of servant leadership behaviours of primary school principals on teachers' school commitment. The research data were collected from 563 teachers working in primary schools in Duzce. Servant leadership behaviours of principals were measured with a servent organizational leadership assessment scale, and the teachers'…

Cerit, Yusuf

2010-01-01

189

Developments in Motivation and Achievement during Primary School: A Longitudinal Study on Group-Specific Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain insight in developmental trajectories of motivation during upper primary school, the present study focused on how different aspects of students' motivation, i.e., task-orientation, self-efficacy, and school investment develop from grade three to six of primary school and how these developments differ for boys and girls, and students with…

Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique

2013-01-01

190

Primary Schools and the Delivery of Relationships and Sexuality Education: The Experience of Queensland Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary school provides an appropriate opportunity for children to commence comprehensive relationships and sexuality education (RSE), yet many primary school teachers avoid teaching this subject area. In the absence of teacher confidence and competence, schools have often relied on health promotion professionals, external agencies and/or one-off…

Johnson, Rebecca L.; Sendall, Marguerite C.; McCuaig, Louise A.

2014-01-01

191

Changes in Student Populations and Average Test Scores of Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the relation between student population characteristics and average test scores per school in the final grade of primary education from a dynamic perspective. Aggregated data of over 5,000 Dutch primary schools covering a 6-year period were used to study the relation between changes in school populations and shifts in mean…

Luyten, Hans; de Wolf, Inge

2011-01-01

192

Developing and Implementing a Mobile Conservation Education Unit for Rural Primary School Children in Lao PDR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine the implementation and success of a mobile conservation education unit targeting primary schools in central Lao PDR (People's Democratic Republic). The mobile unit conducted 3-hour interactive programs for school children focused on the importance of wildlife and biodiversity around the primary schools in rural…

Hansel, Troy; Phimmavong, Somvang; Phengsopha, Kaisone; Phompila, Chitana; Homduangpachan, Khiaosaphan

2010-01-01

193

The Teaching of English as a Second Language in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last few years projects of foreign language instruction in primary schools have been planned and carried out by a growing number of school authorities. It would be wrong to maintain that such schemes are a completely new feature of primary education. ‘If we include … the older practices in private schools and the accepted practices in the developing

Harald Gutschow

1969-01-01

194

Cooperative Learning in Science: Follow-Up from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a two-year longitudinal study of the effects of cooperative learning on science attainment, attitudes towards science, and social connectedness during transition from primary to high school. A previous project on cooperative learning in primary schools observed gains in science understanding and in social aspects of school life.…

Thurston, Allen; Topping, Keith J.; Tolmie, Andrew; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline

2010-01-01

195

Teaching Beliefs: A Comparison between Italian Primary and Secondary School Trainee Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents research which compares the teaching beliefs of primary and secondary school trainee teachers. Participants were 177 trainee teachers, 92 enrolled in a primary school teacher degree course, and 85 enrolled in a postgraduate teacher training course specifically for music teaching at secondary school level (middle and high…

Biasutti, Michele

2012-01-01

196

SEN Students' Inclusion in Greece: Factors Influencing Greek Teachers' Stance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study, based on recent research in secondary education schools in Greece, aimed at recording Greek teachers' attitudes towards inclusion and determining the factors that enhance positive attitudes or negative ones. The findings of this research confirm that Greek teachers, despite obvious infrastructural and institutional hindrances,…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Vamvakari, Malvina; Theodoropoulos, Helen

2008-01-01

197

Differences in Physical Activity Levels between Urban and Rural School Children in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to examine differences in physical activity levels between urban and rural primary school children. The sample consisted of 256 Greek-Cypriot children and their parents from two schools representing urban areas and three schools representing rural areas. Children's activity levels were assessed for 4 weekdays in the winter and…

Loucaides, Constantinos A.; Chedzoy, Sue M.; Bennett, Neville

2004-01-01

198

Tackling Behaviour in Your Primary School: A Practical Handbook for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Tackling Behaviour in the Primary School" provides ready-made advice and support for classroom professionals and can be used, read and adapted to suit the busy everyday lives of teachers working in primary schools today. This valuable text sets the scene for managing behaviour in the primary classroom in the context of the Children Act 2004…

Reid, Ken; Morgan, Nicola S.

2012-01-01

199

Primary Teachers' and Students' Understanding of School Situated Design in Canada and England  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do teachers in primary schools translate curriculum requirements for teaching design, within technology frameworks, in their primary classrooms? We call teachers' and students' designerly thinking and behaviours ‘school situated design.’ The results discussed in this paper are part of a larger study that explored: the relationships between designerly thinking and behaviours situated in primary\\/elementary classrooms in Ontario (Canada) and

Ann Marie Hill; Angela Anning

2001-01-01

200

A Survey of Rural Primary School Music Education in Northeastern China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China has been instituting national basic education curriculum reforms since 2001. This study provides an updated understanding of present-day, rural primary school music education in Northeastern China's Tonghua region. A total of 126 rural primary music teachers and 674 students from 28 primary schools in the region were surveyed using a…

Sun, Zuodong; Leung, Bo Wah

2014-01-01

201

How Do Beginning Primary School Teachers Cope with Science? Toward an Understanding of Science Teaching Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study emerged from a consideration of how some beginning primary school teachers cope when faced with teaching science. Primary teachers typically lack science content knowledge and therefore the science pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) that enables them to teach science. Aspects of a group of beginning primary school teachers' science teaching practices were consequently examined in order to understand better

Ken Appleton

2003-01-01

202

Greek Temples and Rituals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether the positioning of ancient Greek temples was deliberate and facilitated astronomical observations has been a concern for scholars since the nineteenth century. Twenty-first-century research on Greek archaeoastronomy has identified the shortcomings of earlier approaches and has built on a new methodology which integrates archaeological, epigraphical, and literary evidence on the astronomical observations, in order to create interpretations that improve our narrative, understanding, and reconstruction of the role of astronomy in ancient Greek cult practice.

Boutsikas, Efrosyni

203

The Emotional Readiness of Greek Cypriot Teachers for Peaceful Co-Existence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we: (1) offer a conceptualisation of what it means for Greek Cypriot teachers to be "reconciled" with the "other side" (i.e. Turkish Cypriots) in Cyprus; (2) examine Greek Cypriot teachers' emotional responses to the new educational objective of cultivating peaceful coexistence in schools; and (3) investigate how Greek Cypriot…

Zembylas, Michalinos; Kendeou, Panayiota; Michaelidou, Athina

2011-01-01

204

Greek Mythology for Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will explore the different characters based on Greek mythology, its origins and participate in activities to reinforce these ideas. Let\\'s explore the Greek Alphabet javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Greek alphabet\\') Using the above link, try to spell your name. Take a trip to the First Olympics javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Explore the First Olympics.\\'); How are the Greek Gods related? javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Family Tree of the Gods\\'); ...

Ms. Valdez

2008-11-17

205

Red, Yellow, Blue: A Primary Study of the Strengths, Limitations and Challenges of Arts Magnet Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary, exploratory study combines the limited literature on arts magnet schools with the writings of arts activists and the narratives of several arts magnet school administrators in an attempt to understand arts magnet schools better. The paper illuminates some of the strengths of arts magnet schools as well as some of the limitations and…

Halquist, Don

206

The Interplay between Instructional and Entrepreneurial Leadership Styles in Cyprus Rural Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how school principals combine instructional and entrepreneurial aspects of leadership in their effort to build capacity for student learning. Four cases of successful school principals in rural primary schools in Cyprus are described as part of the International Successful School Principalship Project…

Pashiardis, Petros; Savvides, Vassos

2011-01-01

207

Adolescent Stress Questionnaire: reliability and validity of the Greek version and its description in a sample of high school (lyceum) students.  

PubMed

Adolescence is a crucial phase of human life characterized by enhanced exposure and vulnerability to various stressful stimuli. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) is a useful measure to evaluate possible sources of stressors affecting the adolescent equilibrium. The present study examines the scientific properties of the Greek version of ASQ to measure perceived stress among 250 Greek adolescents. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results showed a good fit of the original structure of ASQ to the observed data in the Greek sample. A good internal reliability was also confirmed by high Cronbach's alpha values. In line with previous research, girls reported more stress than boys. Overall, the Greek ASQ is a valid and reliable instrument for evaluating adolescent stress. PMID:25448832

Darviri, Christina; Legaki, Peristera-Eleni; Chatzioannidou, Panagiota; Gnardellis, Charalambos; Kraniotou, Christina; Tigani, Xanthi; Alexopoulos, Evangelos C

2014-12-01

208

Effective Leadership of Creative Colleagues in English Primary Schools: Reality or Wishful Thinking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With English primary schools being encouraged to be creative we need to ask what the practicalities are for school leaders. It is not a question of "creative leadership" but more to do with the leadership of creativity and creative colleagues.

Lowe, Bill

2010-01-01

209

Towards a Model for Research on the Effects of School Organizational Health Factors on Primary School Performance in Trinidad & Tobago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a model for research on the effects of school organizational heath factors on primary school academic achievement in Trinidad and Tobago. The model can be applicable for evaluating schools in other developing countries. As proposed, the model hypothesizes relationships between external factors (exogenous variables),…

Ramdass, Mala; Lewis, Theodore

2012-01-01

210

Portuguese School Libraries Evaluation Model: An Analysis of Primary Schools' Results for the "Reading and Literacy" Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the implementation results of the Portuguese School Libraries Evaluation Model, more specifically the results of primary schools self-evaluation of their libraries' reading promotion and information literacy development activities. School libraries that rated their performance as either "Excellent" or "Poor" have been…

Martins, Jorge Tiago; Martins, Rosa Maria

2012-01-01

211

Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) Project: Fun Presentations for Physicists to Take into Schools Worldwide (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) project is a joint venture initiated by the UK Women in Physics Group. A team from the University of Sheffield, with Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council funding, has developed fun presentations and novel class activities using everyday articles for physicists to take into primary schools. The objectives are to instill enthusiasm in young children-including girls-through the enjoyment and excitement of physics, and support primary school teachers with a curriculum which includes many abstract concepts. All PIPS material is free to download from the Institute of Physics website (www.iop.org/pips), providing PowerPoint presentations and detailed explanations, as well as videos of the activities in classrooms. The topics are suitable for children age 4 to 11 years. There is interest in translating the presentations into other languages as there are few words on the slides and the material is likely valuable for older age groups. The presentations therefore have the potential to be useful worldwide.

Marks, Ann

2009-04-01

212

Development of handwriting in primary school: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

To investigate the development of handwriting in primary school children a study was conducted in which the scripts of 127 pupils were rated yearly, starting in Grade 2. Children were followed-up on for 3, 4, or 5 yr. The BHK-scale for children's handwriting was used for rating the scripts on 13 characteristics and for measuring the speed of writing. The shifts in frequency of occurrence of the various characteristics over time were analyzed using Correspondence Analysis. A one-dimensional solution was chosen, yielding a time dimension. Results were interpreted in terms of (a) children's growing motor ability, (b) a deterioration of the form aspects of the script as they had initially learned those, and (c) the development of a personal writing style with regard to esthetic aspects. A strong relation was found between the speed of writing and grade. PMID:2377407

Hamstra-Bletz, L; Blöte, A W

1990-06-01

213

A survey of learning problems in black primary school children.  

PubMed

A survey of the prevalence and types of learning disorders among Black primary school children was undertaken on the East Rand. Class teachers were given a questionnaire and asked to identify the number of children in their class with learning problems and the number of those with specific disabilities such as poor eyesight or hearing, epilepsy, physical handicaps or mental retardation. There were 7516 children in the classes surveyed; 1692 (22,4%) of them were identified by their teachers as having learning problems, while 666 (8,7%) had a physical or mental handicap. The prevalence and present status of children with learning disability need to be defined before plans to improve their education can be established. Our data show that at present classes are large and the prevalence of children with learning problems is high. Improving teachers' skills and reducing the number of children per class might improve the education of children with learning problems. PMID:7209735

Cartwright, J D; Jukes, C; Wilson, A; Xaba, D

1981-03-28

214

The Boy Who Was Drawing Princesses: Primary Teachers' Accounts of Children's Non-Conforming Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to raise awareness of sexual minority issues with a special focus on the primary school domain in Greece. Greece is considered a conservative country where most people regard homosexuality as taboo and non-heterosexual people as an invisible group. Research data from interviewing primary Greek teachers showed that…

Gerouki, Margarita

2010-01-01

215

Look and Do Ancient Greece. Teacher's Manual: Primary Program, Greek Art & Architecture [and] Workbook: The Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece [and] K-4 Videotape. History through Art and Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource, containing a teacher's manual, reproducible student workbook, and a color teaching poster, is designed to accompany a 21-minute videotape program, but may be adapted for independent use. Part 1 of the program, "Greek Architecture," looks at elements of architectural construction as applied to Greek structures, and demonstrates Greek

Luce, Ann Campbell

216

John Ruskin and Greek art  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Ruskin, the most influential figure in Victorian art criticism, was very much a part of the movement of nineteeth-century Greek Revivalism. He saw Greek art and myth from the vantage points of his romantic aesthetic, his political beliefs, and his personal spiritual struggles. Greek architecture was largely dealt with in terms of the Greek Revival 'abuses' that Ruskin so

Lisa Marie Heath

1995-01-01

217

Models of Reading Difficulties and Methods of Reading Instruction among Primary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined primary school teachers' matching of instructional reading methods to models of reading difficulties and how often they used each activity in their classrooms. Subjects were 39 primary school teachers from the northeast section of a Great Lakes, midwestern state. For the study, teachers characterized each reading method according…

Bigenho, Frederick W.

218

Cyclone-Resistant Rural Primary School Construction - A Design Guide. Educational Building Report 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of documents on design of disaster-resistant buildings, this publication treats construction of rural primary schools to resist destruction by wind and water from cyclones. Also appropriate for other buildings, material is aimed at rural primary schools because they are less likely to be professionally designed or supervised; the…

Sinnamon, Ian T.; Loo, G. A. van't

219

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

220

What Informs Primary School Principals' Decision-Making in Relation to Teacher Placement in Class Levels?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging decisions for primary school principals is to decide what class level each of their teachers will teach. It seems there is very little research on the way principals go about making these decisions. Government reforms have had significant impact on the role of the primary school principal in New Zealand, and a trend has…

Carlyon, Tracey; Fisher, Anthony

2012-01-01

221

The Understandings of Global Warming and Learning Styles: A Phenomenographic Analysis of Prospective Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, statements by prospective primary school teachers such as "I think the word global warming ..." or "I think the term global warming means ..." were analyzed by using qualitative phenomenographic research methods. 142 female (48.3%) and 152 male (51.7%) primary school teacher candidates (n = 294) participated in the study. Moreover,…

Demirkaya, Hilmi

2008-01-01

222

A Survey of Music Education in the Primary Schools of South Africa's Cape Peninsula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the state of music education in government primary schools in the Cape Peninsula (Western Cape Province, South Africa) as perceived by the general class teacher. Since the first democratic elections in South Africa (1994), the entire primary and secondary school education system has changed drastically in terms of content, and…

Herbst, Anri; Wet, Jacques de; Rijsdijk, Susan

2005-01-01

223

Analysis of the Primary School Teachers' Perception of Organizational Health in Terms of Different Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to analyse the primary school teachers' perception of organizational health in terms of different variables. The sampling of the study is comprised of 385 primary school teachers who attended a course in Aksaray and Esenkoy in-service training centers. The Organizational Health Inventory (OHI-S), which was developed by Hoy…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2006-01-01

224

The Pattern of Electronic Game Use and Related Bodily Discomfort in Hong Kong Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with…

Lui, Donald P. Y.; Szeto, Grace P. Y.; Jones, Alice Y. M.

2011-01-01

225

Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Metacognition Scale for Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop the Metacognition Scale (MS) which is designed for primary school students. The sample of the study consisted of 426 primary school students in Izmir, Turkey. In order to examine the construct validity of the MS, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed. For the validity of…

Yildiz, Eylem; Akpinar, Ercan; Tatar, Nilgun; Ergin, Omer

2009-01-01

226

The Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours of Primary School Teachers on Their Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was examined in this study whether organizational citizenship behaviours of primary school teachers predict the level of their burnout. Correlation and multi regression analysis were used for this. Survey model was used in this descriptive study. Data were collected from 1699 primary school teachers working in Mersin. Maslach Burnout Inventory…

Inandi, Yusuf; Buyukozkan, Ayse Sezin

2013-01-01

227

Perceived Sources of Occupational Stress among Primary School Teachers in Delta State of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the most prevalent sources of occupational stress and also the demographic variables of gender, age and length of service among primary school teachers in Delta State. Two research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study used a descriptive survey design. The population was the primary school teachers in…

Akpochafo, G. O.

2012-01-01

228

Learning to Be a Primary School Teacher: Reading One Man's Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few men choose to become primary school teachers. Those who do move into a world often thought of as feminized and contend with a publicly-voiced rhetoric which simultaneously idealizes and demonizes them. This paper turns a spotlight on one student's stories of being a man and a student primary school teacher. It considers how he negotiates the…

Smedley, Sue

2007-01-01

229

Effect of Case Studies on Primary School Teaching Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of case studies on Primary School Teaching students' attitudes toward chemistry lesson. The study was conducted on 63 freshmen from Department of Primary School Teaching at a university in Turkey. The students were taught using case studies about the subjects of Properties and States of…

Ayyildiz, Yildizay; Tarhan, Leman

2012-01-01

230

Primary School Students' Ideas Concerning the Apparent Movement of the Moon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, primary school students' ideas concerning the apparent movement of the Moon are investigated. The research was carried out in five primary schools of Athens (Greece) with a sample of forty (40), fifth and sixth grade students. Semistructured interviews were used to gather scientific data and students had the opportunity to…

Starakis, John; Halkia, Krystallia

2010-01-01

231

Drawing Digital Pictures: An Investigation of Primary Pupils' Representations of ICT and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively restricted nature of children's use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) inside the school setting has long been noted by researchers. With this in mind, this article offers a grounded analysis of drawings collected from 355 primary pupils (years three to six) from five English primary schools depicting desired…

Selwyn, Neil; Boraschi, Daniela; Ozkula, Suay Melisa

2009-01-01

232

Just a Knock Back? Identity Bruising on the Route to Becoming a Male Primary School Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Men who choose to do "women's work" and enter the female culture of the primary school can often initially face a range of stereotyped responses to their choice. Drawing on stories from a small sample of trainee and serving male teachers, we adopt the term "identity bruising" to describe the "knock backs" that occur to them in primary schools. How…

Foster, Tor; Newman, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

233

Teachers' Strategies of Teaching Primary School Mathematics in a Second Language: A Case of Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a study of primary school mathematics teaching in northern Botswana in order to highlight the strategies teachers use in bi/multilingual classrooms. Questionnaire and interview data collection procedures were used. The findings, which are based on responses of randomly selected primary school teachers, confirmed…

Kasule, Dan; Mapolelo, Dumma

2005-01-01

234

Do Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Primary School Predict Adolescent Victimisation Trajectories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronic victimisation in adolescence is a traumatic experience with potential negative long-term health consequences. Given that victimisation has been shown to increase over the transition from primary to secondary school, longitudinal data from 1810 students transitioning from primary to secondary school were used to identify victimisation…

Lester, Leanne; Cross, Donna

2014-01-01

235

Adaptive Behavior of Primary School Students with Visual Impairments: The Impact of Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the adaptive behavior of primary school students with visual impairments, as well as the impact of educational setting on their adaptive behavior. Instrumentation included an informal questionnaire and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Participants were 36 primary school students with visual impairments. The educational…

Metsiou, Katerina; Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2011-01-01

236

Puberty, Health and Sexual Education in Australian Regional Primary Schools: Year 5 and 6 Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this paper investigates why teachers in regional primary schools in the Ballarat region of Victoria, Australia, are choosing to outsource the teaching of sexuality education. A survey was conducted of 29 Year 5 and Year 6 teachers from local primary schools. The teachers provided information about: their confidence in…

Duffy, Bernadette; Fotinatos, Nina; Smith, Amanda; Burke, Jenene

2013-01-01

237

Science and Technology Teachers' Views of Primary School Science and Technology Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenographic study attempts to explicit science and technology teachers' views of primary school science and technology curriculum. Participants of the study were selected through opportunistic sampling and consisted of 30 science and technology teachers teaching in primary schools in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Data were collected through an…

Yildiz-Duban, Nil

2013-01-01

238

Transition for a Student with Special Educational Needs from Primary to Secondary School in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the authors employ a case study approach to investigate the transition process for a student with special educational needs from a Hong Kong subsidised primary school into a secondary school. An analysis of transcripts from individual and focus group interviews with the student, his parents, his 4 primary teachers and his 10…

Forlin, Chris; Sin, Kenneth Kuen-Fung; Maclean, Rupert

2013-01-01

239

Parental Choice and the Rural Primary School: Lifestyle, Locality and Loyalty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the geography of parental choice in a rural locale and shows how a group of parents negotiated their way through the process of primary school choice. Using ethnographic data collected through interviews and observations with parents and staff from three rural primary schools in England, the research utilises Bourdieu's…

Walker, Marion; Clark, Gordon

2010-01-01

240

Developing a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale for Hong Kong Primary School-Aged Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to develop a Rasch Measurement Physical Fitness Scale (RMPFS) based on physical fitness indicators routinely used in Hong Kong primary schools. A total of 9,439 records of students' performances on physical fitness indicators, retrieved from the database of a Hong Kong primary school, were used to develop the…

Yan, Zi; Bond, Trevor G.

2011-01-01

241

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the New Primary School Mathematics Curriculum in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine and compare the views of primary school teachers on the implementation and effectiveness of the new primary school mathematics curriculum. For that aim, a 32-item Likert-type Mathematics Curriculum Scale was developed. The reliability of the scale was tested through Cronbach Alpha (0.98), Spearman-Brown (0.93)…

Gomleksiz, Mehmet Nuri; Bulut, Ilhami

2007-01-01

242

Inservice Training (INSET) Programs via Distance Education: Primary School Teachers' Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate primary school teachers' opinions in relation to inservice training (INSET) programs via distance education. The subjects of this study were primary school teachers (n=70) working in the city center of Bolu-Turkey in the spring semester of 2006-2007 academic year. During the study, the qualitative data were…

Ozen, Rasit

2008-01-01

243

Bullying and Victimization Behaviors in Boys and Girls at South Korean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of bullying and victimization behaviors in boys and girls at South Korean primary schools. Method: In a cross-sectional survey, 1,344 fourth-grade primary school children completed a questionnaire on self-reported bullying and victimization behaviors, depression, anxiety, body image, coping…

Yang, Su-Jin; Kim, Jae-Min; Kim, Sung-Wan; Shin, Il-Seon; Yoon, Jin-Sang

2006-01-01

244

What Do Primary Students Say about School-Based Social Work Programmes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on primary school children's experiences of school-based social work programmes. These students, aged between 6 and 11, and drawn from a student population comprising 28 different cultural backgrounds and from low socio-economic backgrounds, participated in a case study that researched a school-based social work…

Testa, Doris

2014-01-01

245

Choice, Cost and Community: The Hidden Complexities of the Rural Primary School Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National rural policy places the local primary school as a key resource within the rural community, yet as a consequence of countywide financial constraints, some small schools are undergoing reorganization, involving amalgamation, federation and school closure. This article considers the complexities involved in the workings of the English rural…

Walker, Marion

2010-01-01

246

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

247

Are Polish Primary School Pupils in Favor of Wearing Uniforms? Snapshot Comment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss whether Polish primary school pupils want to wear uniforms, and it is motivated by the Polish government's recently proposed policy: Zero Tolerance for Violence at School. Seventy one pupils, who attend Podstawowka Nr30 school in Cracow, were surveyed, and the authors found that most pupils are not in…

Asotska, Julia; Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Brown, Veda E.; Kritsonis, Wiilliam Allan

2007-01-01

248

The Adventurous School: Vision, Community and Curriculum for Primary Education in the Twenty-First Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Adventurous School" tells the uplifting stories of three primary schools who took charge of renewing their vision, their place in the community and their curriculum to become environments where children, teachers, parents and partners thrived. The book takes the reader through each school's five year journey and gives real-life practical…

Reed, Jane; Maskell, Kathy; Allinson, David; Bailey, Rosemary; Bates, Fernanda; Davies, Sian; Gallimore, Catherine

2012-01-01

249

The Value-Added of Primary Schools: What Is It Really Measuring?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the official value-added scores in 2005 for all primary schools in three adjacent Local Educational Authorities (LEAs) in England with the raw-score Key Stage 2 (KS2) results for the same schools. The correlation coefficient for the raw- and value-added scores of these 457 schools is around +0.75. Scatterplots show that there…

Gorard, Stephen

2008-01-01

250

Coordinating Mental Health Care Across Primary Care and Schools: ADHD as a Case Example  

PubMed Central

Although primary care practices and schools are major venues for the delivery of mental health services to children, these systems are disconnected, contributing to fragmentation in service delivery. This paper describes barriers to collaboration across the primary care and school systems, including administrative and fiscal pressures, conceptual and linguistic differences between healthcare and educational professionals, role restrictions among professionals, and privacy laws. Strategies for overcoming these barriers that can be applied in both primary care and school settings are described. The paper has a primary focus on children with ADHD, but the principles and strategies described are applicable to children with a range of mental health and health conditions. PMID:23459527

Power, Thomas J.; Blum, Nathan J.; Guevara, James P.; Jones, Heather A.; Leslie, Laurel K.

2012-01-01

251

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However,…

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-01-01

252

Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada.  

PubMed

Drowning is a common cause of death among children. Successful prevention interventions currently used in developed countries are often not transferable into developing countries due to differences in both environment and resources. In this study, we adapted a water safety education programme developed by the American Red Cross for primary school students in Grenada. Water safety knowledge before and after the training session was assessed using a nine-question evaluation tool. Following the training, a survey was administered to all teachers to assess the adaptability and effectiveness of the WHALE Tales training. Fifty-six students (30% males) completed the training. The age range was between 5 and 12 years old. Participants' water safety knowledge increased 15% (p < 0.01). Mean scores of correct answers increased for every grade level, ranging from a 5% increase for first graders to 33% increase for second graders. The findings from this study suggested that implementation of such a programme is effective. With cultural modifications and outsourcing, we believe this adapted programme would be successful in Grenada and other similar settings. PMID:22950942

Solomon, Rachele; Giganti, Mark J; Weiner, Allison; Akpinar-Elci, Muge

2013-01-01

253

The New Educational Policy for the Reform of the Curriculum and the Change of School Knowledge in the Case of Greek Compulsory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks critically at Greek educational reform to the curriculum of compulsory education--reform that took place so that Greece could put into practice the decisions of the European Union of Lisbon (2000) for the contribution of education to the adaptation of the new data of the "knowledge society". Bernstein's theory about pedagogic…

Koustourakis, Gerasimos

2007-01-01

254

Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Methods: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected…

Sacchetti, Rossella; Ceciliani, Andrea; Garulli, Andrea; Dallolio, Laura; Beltrami, Patrizia; Leoni, Erica

2013-01-01

255

The Education of Immigrant Pupils in Primary Schools: Report of a Working Party of the Inspectorate and School Psychological Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The working party was first set up in December 1965. In the spring term of 1966 some 22 primary schools with large numbers of immigrants were visited and long discussions held with head teachers and staff. It was then decided to collect written information from all the Authority's schools containing juniors and with more than one third of their…

Palmer, R.; And Others

256

One Teacher Primary Schools: England, Scotland and Wales, 1996-97.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1996-97 school year, 63 one-teacher primary schools were identified in Great Britain and 54 of these were surveyed. Three of the schools surveyed were in England, 47 in Scotland, and 4 in Wales. The majority of teachers in these schools were female, married, and 40-49 years old; had over 20 years teaching experience, with 5-15 years in…

Muse, Ivan; Hite, Steve; Powley, Ellen

257

Investigating the effects of metacognitive instruction in learning primary school science in some schools in Ethiopia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metacognition is increasingly recognized as an important component in successful learning. In science, metacognitive instructional interventions have been successfully incorporated to promote conceptual change learning, facilitate negotiating and constructing of meanings, and foster reading and problem solving abilities of learners. The present study investigated the contribution of three metacognitive instructional methods, namely graphic organizers, metacognitive reflection, and metacognitive reading in learning science among primary school students (age 10-14 years) in Mekelle, Ethiopia. The metacognitive instructional methods were believed to be efficient to introduce and transform learner-centeredness in science instruction under Ethiopia's primary school settings by allowing students to think productively and regulate their own learning. Qualitative study indicated that the metacognitive instructional methods fostered student conceptual understanding of science topics and enhanced active student participation. Quantitative study of post-scores of Immediate test-groups revealed that graphic organizers had some contribution in helping students perform better in 'application' type tests. Metacognitive reflection activities enabled students to perform better in 'application' and 'transfer' type tests as well as enhancing mean post-test scores. Metacognitive reading activities did not yield any apparent effects on post-intervention tests. The effects of the metacognitive methods were diminished among Delayed post-test groups.

Sbhatu, Desta Berhe

258

Affordances and Constraints of a Wiki for Primary-School Students' Group Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined a wiki as a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment at upper primary level. A total of 388 Hong Kong Primary-five (P5) students in four Chinese primary schools used a wiki platform within the context of their group projects in General Studies (GS) classes. Adopting a mixed-methods design, qualitative and…

Fu, Huijuan; Chu, Samuel; Kang, Wenxia

2013-01-01

259

Prevalence of sleep disordered breathing symptoms among Malay school children in a primary school in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is increasingly being diagnosed in children. However, there is no prevalence study done in Malaysia. The study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of SDB symptoms based on parental reports and associated risk factors among Malay school children aged 6 to 10 years old in a primary school using a translated University Michigan Paediatric Sleep Questionnaire (Malay UM-PSQ). The children whose parents responded to the questionnaire and consented were examined, documenting height, weight, skin fold thickness, neck and abdominal circumference, tonsillar size, nostril examination and presence of micrognathia or retrognathia. There were 550 respondents. The prevalence of parental report of SDB symptoms was 14.9 % (95 % CI 11.9, 17.9). Two hundred and eighty-five (51.8%) school children were males with mean age of 8.5 years (SD 1.1). The associated risk factors for SDB symptoms are male, obesity, large neck and waist circumference, positive history of asthma, history of recurrent tonsillitis, enlarged tonsil (> 4+) and enlarged nasal turbinate. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender is the only significant independent risk factor of SDB symptoms PMID:22822640

Fadzil Abdullah, A A; Jamalludin, A R; Norrashidah, A W; Norzila, M Z; Asiah Kassim, K; Rus Anida, A; Hasniah, A L; Ramli, Z; Samsinah, H

2012-04-01

260

School Self-Evaluation at an Embryonic Stage: Depicting Teachers' Experiences with a Participative Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study aims to enquire into the journey of a Greek-Cypriot primary school through a self-evaluating process, in accordance to the respective guidelines proposed in the national educational reform documents. The article outlines the phases involved, beginning from the collection of information, moving to the formulation of a school

Karagiorgi, Yiasemina

2012-01-01

261

Teacher Participation in Decision Making and Its Impact on School and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine teacher involvement in different domains of decision making in Greek primary schools and explore associations with school and teacher variables. Design/methodology/approach: A survey employing self-administered questionnaires, with a Likert-type scale assessing teachers' actual and desired…

Sarafidou, Jasmin-Olga; Chatziioannidis, Georgios

2013-01-01

262

Learning about what constitutes effective training from a pilot programme to improve music education in primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new primary strategy in England has raised the profile of foundation subjects, including music, yet many primary school teachers lack skills and confidence in their ability to teach music. This research explores a year-long programme of training across 16 primary schools in England that sought to improve music education. The programme involved whole school in-service training, advisory teachers offering

Lynne Rogers; Susan Hallam; Andrea Creech; Costanza Preti

2008-01-01

263

Pedagogy--How Is It Influenced in Primary Schools? A Comparative Study of Literature about Pedagogical Influences in Primary Schools in England and Poland, with a Focus on English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical review of recent literature comparing pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland. It identifies curriculum, assessment, leadership, teacher perceptions and personal fears as immense influences on pedagogy and considers how these factors influence pedagogy. Comparison of England's prescriptive…

Allison, Ewa Barbara

2010-01-01

264

Formative and Summative Assessment of Science in English Primary Schools: Evidence from the Primary Science Quality Mark  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Since the discontinuation of Standard Attainment Tests (SATs) in science at age 11 in England, pupil performance data in science reported to the UK government by each primary school has relied largely on teacher assessment undertaken in the classroom. Purpose: The process by which teachers are making these judgements has been unclear,…

Earle, Sarah

2014-01-01

265

A Prototype Greek Text to Greek Sign Language Conversion System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language (GSL) conversion system is presented. The system is integrated into an educational platform that addresses the needs of teaching GSL grammar and was developed within the SYNENNOESE project (Efthimiou "et al." 2004a. Developing an e-learning platform for the Greek sign language. "In":…

Kouremenos, Dimitris; Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita; Efthimiou, Eleni; Ntalianis, Klimis

2010-01-01

266

Sport involvement, sport violence and health behaviours of Greek adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Within the context of problem-behaviour theory, this study investigated the intra-relationship between attitudes and behaviours towards exercise, sport involvement, violence in sport-related events, eating fruits, smoking and hashish or ecstasy use in a sample of Greek adolescents. Age and gender patterns are considered. Methods: Participants were 5991 Greek school pupils who responded to questionnaires assessing behaviour and attitudes towards

ATHANASIOS PAPAIOANNOU; CALLIOPE KARASTOGIANNIDOU; YANNIS THEODORAKIS

2004-01-01

267

The Phenomena of Dropping Out and Criminal Delinquency among Middle and Primary School Students in Beijing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports juvenile crime statistics and dropout rates for primary and middle school students in the Beijing municipality for the years 1978 through 1984. Includes a discussion of the reasons for dropouts and suggestions on how to solve the problem. (JDH)

Xianrong, Chen

1987-01-01

268

The Quality of Primary Schools in Different Development Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details a study combining qualitative and quantitative research tools to compare the functioning of schools in China, Guinea, India, and Mexico and in different development contexts within each country. The focus of the analysis was on the critical factors determining the quality of the interactive process taking place in schools, how…

Carron, Gabriel; Chau, Ta Ngoc

269

The Location of Primary Schools: Some Planning Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a study of existing distributions of elementary schools and dwellings, main roads, and local shops, for two Hertfordshire, England, towns. The effects of these factors on the mode of travel of school children, road accidents to child pedestrians, and the shape and mobility of catchment areas were all investigated. Based on the…

Levin, P. H.; Bruce, A. J.

270

Homophobia, Transphobia and Culture: Deconstructing Heteronormativity in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents some of the advances in legal support for addressing homophobia and transphobia in school settings and provides a critique of school-based policies that focus on these phenomena as particular incidents involving bullies and victims. Defining heteronormativity as a cultural phenomenon underpinning recognisable acts of…

DePalma, Renee; Jennett, Mark

2010-01-01

271

Ancient Greek Calendars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Greek festival calendars were in origin lunar, eventually being aligned with the sun through various lunisolar intercalary cycles. Each city-state had its own calendar, whose month names have some, little, or no similarity with those of other city-states. These names often reflect gods or festivals held in their honor in a given month, so there is an explicitly sacred character to the calendar. New Year's Day could also differ from one state to another, but generally began with the sighting of the first new moon after one of the four tropical points. Even the introduction of the Roman Julian calendar brought little uniformity to the eastern Greek calendars. The calendar is one of the elements which can assist in understanding the siting of Greek sacred structures.

Hannah, Robert

272

Assessing the Accuracy and Feasibility of a Refractive Error Screening Program Conducted by School Teachers in Pre-Primary and Primary Schools in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Introduction As part of the development of a system for the screening of refractive error in Thai children, this study describes the accuracy and feasibility of establishing a program conducted by teachers. Objective To assess the accuracy and feasibility of screening by teachers. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted in 17 schools in four provinces representing four geographic regions in Thailand. A two-staged cluster sampling was employed to compare the detection rate of refractive error among eligible students between trained teachers and health professionals. Serial focus group discussions were held for teachers and parents in order to understand their attitude towards refractive error screening at schools and the potential success factors and barriers. Results The detection rate of refractive error screening by teachers among pre-primary school children is relatively low (21%) for mild visual impairment but higher for moderate visual impairment (44%). The detection rate for primary school children is high for both levels of visual impairment (52% for mild and 74% for moderate). The focus group discussions reveal that both teachers and parents would benefit from further education regarding refractive errors and that the vast majority of teachers are willing to conduct a school-based screening program. Conclusion Refractive error screening by health professionals in pre-primary and primary school children is not currently implemented in Thailand due to resource limitations. However, evidence suggests that a refractive error screening program conducted in schools by teachers in the country is reasonable and feasible because the detection and treatment of refractive error in very young generations is important and the screening program can be implemented and conducted with relatively low costs. PMID:24926993

Teerawattananon, Kanlaya; Myint, Chaw-Yin; Wongkittirux, Kwanjai; Teerawattananon, Yot; Chinkulkitnivat, Bunyong; Orprayoon, Surapong; Kusakul, Suwat; Tengtrisorn, Supaporn; Jenchitr, Watanee

2014-01-01

273

Identification of the sources of primary organic aerosols at urban schools: a molecular marker approach.  

PubMed

Children are particularly susceptible to air pollution and schools are examples of urban microenvironments that can account for a large portion of children's exposure to airborne particles. Thus this paper aimed to determine the sources of primary airborne particles that children are exposed to at school by analyzing selected organic molecular markers at 11 urban schools in Brisbane, Australia. Positive matrix factorization analysis identified four sources at the schools: vehicle emissions, biomass burning, meat cooking and plant wax emissions accounting for 45%, 29%, 16% and 7%, of the organic carbon respectively. Biomass burning peaked in winter due to prescribed burning of bushland around Brisbane. Overall, the results indicated that both local (traffic) and regional (biomass burning) sources of primary organic aerosols influence the levels of ambient particles that children are exposed at the schools. These results have implications for potential control strategies for mitigating exposure at schools. PMID:24842381

Crilley, Leigh R; Qadir, Raeed M; Ayoko, Godwin A; Schnelle-Kreis, Jürgen; Abbaszade, Gülcin; Orasche, Jürgen; Zimmermann, Ralf; Morawska, Lidia

2014-08-01

274

Minority Voices: A Case Study of Children and Parents in a Manchester Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently, there are a growing number of ethnic minority students in the primary schools in northwest England. Through sociocultural theory, this paper examines student and parent perspectives of their experiences in the schools. Using a qualitative methodology, including observation, in-depth interviews, and field notes this case study focused on…

Winterbottom, Christian; Leedy, Allyson K.

2014-01-01

275

Teaching Mathematics in Two Languages: A Teaching Dilemma of Malaysian Chinese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a teaching dilemma faced by mathematics teachers in the Malaysian Chinese primary schools in coping with the latest changes in language policy. In 2003, Malaysia launched a new language policy of teaching mathematics using English as the language of instruction in all schools. However, due to the complex sociocultural demands…

Lim, Chap Sam; Presmeg, Norma

2011-01-01

276

Bilingualism and Language Education in French Primary Schools: Why and How Should Migrant Languages Be Valued?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights a language awareness project in a small primary school in the Mulhouse area of Alsace in France as an example of how languages of unequal status can be placed on an equal footing in a school context, how children can be educated to linguistic and cultural variety, and the teachers can be made aware of the linguistic and cultural wealth…

Helot, Christine; Young, Andrea

2002-01-01

277

A Grid and Group Explanation of Emotional Intelligence in Selected Belizean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this qualitative study was to use grid and group theory to investigate and explain the contextual meaning and manifestation of Emotional Intelligence (EI) among faculty members in two Belizean Primary Schools. Purposive Sampling was used to select five faculty members from each of the two schools to…

Coc, Simeon

2012-01-01

278

Uneven Distribution of Novice Teachers in the Chilean Primary School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the allocation of novice primary teachers in Chilean schools, looking at their characteristics and at the attributes of the schools at which they are hired after having completed their initial teacher training. The study reveals that in Chile, more qualified novice teachers are more prone to get jobs in socio-economically…

Meckes, Lorena; Bascope, Martin

2012-01-01

279

Educating Turkish Primary School Teachers in Visual Arts: The Past and the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every educational system should meet certain criteria that establish quality in teaching and learning. These criteria are often provided by aims and objectives listed in school curricula. After describing and commenting on the history of school education in Turkey, the main question posed in this research is how to change the Turkish primary

Ilhan, Ayse C.

2005-01-01

280

"Like an Iceberg Floating Alone": A Case Study of Teacher Stress at a Victorian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the case study of a culturally diverse, inner suburban, primary school located on a government housing estate. We report on high levels of stress amongst the teachers at the school and find evidence of professional bureaucratic conflict. Two main findings are reported. First, that teacher stress is attributed to a combination…

Burchielli, Rosaria; Bartram, Timothy

2006-01-01

281

The National Language as a Language of Instruction in Botswana Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the use of the national language, Setswana, as the language of instruction in linguistically and ethnically complex primary schools in Botswana, and the dilemmas it presents. The current language-in-education policy in Botswana requires the use of Setswana as a language of instruction at standard 1 in public schools. The…

Mokibelo, Eureka Baneka

2014-01-01

282

Netbook Computers as an Appropriate Solution for 1:1 Computer Use in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools increasingly move towards 1:1 computing, research is required to inform the design and provision of this access. Utilising the Activity Theory (AT) notion of contradictions and expansion as a theoretical underpinning, this article suggests netbooks as a viable option to provide 1:1 computing for primary school students. Decisions…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

283

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as collaborations,…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

284

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Supporting Report and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research presented in this report was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

285

Environmental Education in Serbian Primary Schools: Challenges and Changes in Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The protection of human health and the preservation of the environment are topics that form an integral part of the primary school curriculum in Serbia. However, research studies have shown that students do not have enough knowledge to contribute to the development of a healthy lifestyle and environmental awareness. The latest changes in school

Stanišic, Jelena; Maksic, Slavica

2014-01-01

286

Understanding the Mental Health Needs of Primary School Children in an Inner-City Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing awareness of mental health problems among children, and schools are increasingly being encouraged to take a wider role in preventing mental health difficulties. Local population studies are needed to inform delivery of universal through to targeted services. In the current study, parents and teachers of 2% of primary school

Hackett, Latha; Theodosiou, Louise; Bond, Caroline; Blackburn, Clare; Spicer, Freya; Lever, Rachel

2010-01-01

287

Understanding the mental health needs of primary school children in an inner?city local authority  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing awareness of mental health problems among children, and schools are increasingly being encouraged to take a wider role in preventing mental health difficulties. Local population studies are needed to inform delivery of universal through to targeted services. In the current study, parents and teachers of 2% of primary school children in one inner city local authority were

Latha Hackett; Louise Theodosiou; Caroline Bond; Clare Blackburn; Freya Spicer; Rachel Lever

2010-01-01

288

Quasi-Experimental Estimates of Class Size Effect in Primary Schools in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we analyze class size effects in the case of primary schools in Poland. We use two empirical strategies to avoid endogeneity bias. First, we use average class size in a grade as an instrumental variable for actual class size. This allows us to control for within school selection of pupils with different abilities to classes of…

Jakubowski, Maciej; Sakowski, Pawel

2006-01-01

289

SPICED: Evaluation of a Drug Education Project in Kirklees Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate the process, implementation, and short-term outcomes of a drug education programme (SPICED) introduced in Kirklees schools, West Yorkshire. Design: A retrospective evaluation using mixed methods. Setting: Ten primary schools in West Yorkshire. Methods: Interviews with professionals, survey of parents, focus groups with…

Crosswaite, C.; Tooby, J.; Cyster, R.

2004-01-01

290

Location, Location, Location: What Do League Tables Really Tell Us about Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of "league tables", based upon "performance data", by the Government to distinguish between primary schools. Data concerning one Northern Local Education Authority, were analysed. It was found that the position of a school in the League Tables of unadjusted scores tended to reflect the background characteristics, in…

Easen, Patrick; Bolden, David

2005-01-01

291

The Momentum behind the International Primary Curriculum in Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year 2007 saw a discrete yet significant development in the sphere of "international education" in England: a doubling in number of state-funded schools offering the International Primary Curriculum. This curriculum had been developed in 2000 for the Shell Company Group of Schools. It first emerged in England in 2003; two years later it had…

Bunnell, Tristan

2010-01-01

292

Evaluation of a primary school drug drama project: methodological issues and key findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the impact evaluation of a primary school drug drama project developed by a health promotion service and a theatre's education department in England. The project targeted 10-11 year olds in 41 schools with an interactive drama production and workshop day on attitudes, choices, decisions and risks of alcohol, tobacco and illegal drug use. Parents were also involved

F. Starkey; J. Orme

2001-01-01

293

Being Caring and Disciplinary--Male Primary School Teachers on Expectations from Others  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores how male primary school teachers view and relate to other people's expectations of them as teachers. The empirical data consists of interviews with seven teachers working in compulsory school grades three to five in a large-sized town in Sweden. The theoretical work on relations among masculinities developed by Connell…

Hjalmarsson, Maria; Löfdahl, Annica

2014-01-01

294

Indoor and Outdoor Relationships of Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter at Primary Schools in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have found that indoor air pollution affects human, especially children and the elderly, more compared to ambient atmospheric air. This study aims to investigate respirable suspended particulate matter (RSP) concentration in selected primary schools with different surrounding human activities, and to establish statistical relationships between indoor and outdoor air pollutant concentrations in each selected schools in Kuala Terengganu. Failure

Nur Zafirah Mohd Sofian; Marzuki Ismail

2012-01-01

295

A Typology of Organizational Culture in Primary Schools: Productive, Shaky, Conservative, or Hindering?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of characteristics of types of organizational culture in Hong Kong involved 60 primary schools and 389 teachers. The school organizational culture is classified into four distinctive types: productive, shaky, conservative, and hindering. Each of these types exhibited a distinguishable set of organizational characteristics with contrasting…

Tam, Frank Wai-ming; Cheng, Yin-cheong

2003-01-01

296

Children's Rights in Practice: A Study of Change within a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might a concern with children's spirituality "touch down" within the different spaces, discourses and performances within a school? This article is concerned with the affordances of children's rights discourse in relation to young people's participation, deliberation, and ethical work upon the self, within one primary school in Scotland. We…

I'Anson, John; Allan, Julie

2006-01-01

297

An Investigation into Primary School Leadership Practice: Introducing the PIVOT Framework of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on doctoral research into the leadership practice of members of senior leadership teams in primary schools in England. We present the research findings as a visual construct representing school leadership as an integrated, holistic and dynamic process, named the PIVOT framework of leadership. This original structure connects…

Cain, Maureen Elizabeth; Gunter, Helen

2012-01-01

298

Teachers' Emotional Experiences of Growing Diversity and Multiculturalism in Schools and the Prospects of an "Ethic of Discomfort"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the ways in which emotions are constituted and mobilized by teachers to respond to growing diversity and multiculturalism in schools. The analysis is based on a two-year ethnographic study conducted in three Greek-Cypriot primary schools that are "multicultural". The following focus questions are addressed: (1) How do…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2010-01-01

299

Primary School Mathematics in Australia 1975: Review and Forecast.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference of mathematics educators from Australia and New Zealand was convened in the summer of 1975; five specific objectives were addressed: (1) to review developments in primary mathematics education during the past decade, (2) to examine current approaches to teaching primary mathematics, (3) to recommend appropriate changes, (4) to examine…

Jeffery, Peter, Ed.

300

Language Planning and Implementation in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a major curriculum innovation in English language teaching in Turkish primary education from macro and micro perspectives. After an overview of the role of English in Turkey, macro-level planning underlying the introduction of English language teaching policy in state-owned primary education is presented. Then the diffusion of…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2007-01-01

301

Non-Music Specialist Trainee Primary School Teachers' Confidence in Teaching Music in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has revealed that non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers lack confidence in teaching music in spite of changes to teacher training and the introduction of music in the National Curriculum in England. The current study investigated the effects on non-music specialist trainee primary teachers' confidence to teach music…

Seddon, Frederick; Biasutti, Michele

2008-01-01

302

Hitting the Target: Doubling Primary School Enrollments in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2015  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the number of children who will need to attend and complete primary school in sub-Saharan Africa in order for the current international development target of universal primary education (UPE) by 2015 to be attained. In addition, a variety of demand constraints that will also affect the attainment of UPE are identified and assessed. The main conclusion of

Paul Bennell

2002-01-01

303

EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERACTION ANALYSIS FEEDBACK ON THE VERBAL BEHAVIOUR OF PRIMARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempted to investigate the relative effectiveness of interaction analysis feedback on the verbal behaviour of teachers teaching mathematics in Primary 5 classes of four randomly selected primary schools in Brunei-Muara district. It also attempted to investigate the effects of the feedback system on pupils' attitude towards mathematics and their academic achievement in mathematics. The sample used for the

See Kin Hai; Lim Siew Bee

2006-01-01

304

A Small-Scale Study of Primary School English Language Teachers' Classroom Activities and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's search for upgrading the quality of English language teaching is still in progress. Publication of Ministry of National Education's "English Language Curriculum for Primary Education Grades 4,5,6,7 and 8" (2006) framed the content and delivery of our primary school English language teaching classes along with a list of suggested classroom…

Arikan, Arda

2011-01-01

305

Singing in Primary Schools: Case Studies of Good Practice in Whole Class Vocal Tuition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of British initiatives in music education such as the Wider Opportunities programme in England and the recommendations of the Music Manifesto emphasising the importance of singing in primary schools, the current paper explores examples of good practice in whole-class vocal tuition. The research included seven different primary

Lamont, Alexandra; Daubney, Alison; Spruce, Gary

2012-01-01

306

Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

2011-01-01

307

So Long Primary School Science, and Thanks for All the Fun  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author looks at the future of primary science, and is not encouraged. It's pretty much all over for science in primary schools. One only has to look at the poor showing on the stands at January's ASE Annual Conference to see that it is no longer a publishing priority. Eroded by falling status, undermined by national strategies, and finally put…

Stringer, John

2010-01-01

308

The Impact of Adult Mortality and Parental Deaths on Primary Schooling in North-Western Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortality of parents and other adults due to the African AIDS epidemic could reduce children's primary schooling by reducing households' ability to pay fees, raising the opportunity cost of children's time, and leaving orphaned children with guardians who care less about their education than would their parents. This study measures the impact of adult deaths and orphan status on primary

Martha Ainsworth; Kathleen Beegle; Godlike Koda

2005-01-01

309

Walnut Springs Interest Unit, Fairmount Avenue School. Primary Unit--Team I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This environmental education teaching guide was designed for primary teachers who may want to develop their own environmental education units or who may wish to integrate the units contained in the guide into their own curriculum. The units in the guide were developed by primary teachers and reflect the experiences of the Fairmont Avenue School

State College Area School District, PA.

310

Impact of Some Environmental Education Outdoor Activities on Nigerian Primary School Pupils' Environmental Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects…

Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo

2010-01-01

311

Root Words- Greek and Latin  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Greek and Latin are parts of many of the words you use every day. Using the links provided create 10 new words. Also figure out what the 5 words below mean. Check out these links for help in creating your new words. Sometimes you will need to scroll down to find the information. Latin and Greek Word Elements Greek and Latin Root Words List Latin Greek Roots Index Take Our Word For It Word Translation 1. Chromophobe 2. Loqumal 3. Rogospath 4. Hypnoliver 5. Aquaport Root Words Quiz Select one of the sections one-six and see how well you do now that you have become better acquainted with Greek and ...

Miss B

2007-06-21

312

ANCIENT GREEK PORTRAIT SCULPTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book offers a new approach to the history of Greek portraiture by focusing on portraits without names. Comprehensively illustrated, it brings together a wide range of evidence that has never before been studied as a group. Sheila Dillon considers the few original bronze and marble portrait statues preserved from the Classical and Hellenistic periods together with the large number

Styles Sheila Dillon

313

Ancient Greek Heroes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Unit on The Odyssey and Greek heroes Standard 1: Students will use vocabulary development and an understanding of text elements and structures to comprehend literary and informational grade level text. Standard 3: Students will understand the process of seeking and giving information in conversations, group discussions, written reports, and oral presentations. Objective: Students will read and exhibit understanding ...

Mrs. Haws

2007-06-21

314

Primary Teachers' Understanding of Four Chemical Phenomena: Effect of an In-Service Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and thirty Greek primary school teachers participated in a study, where the effectiveness of a specially designed intervention on chemical changes was tested. The study took place in the wider context of an in-service training course where the key feature was an innovative approach based on the concept of a substance and its…

Papageorgiou, George; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Johnson, Philip

2013-01-01

315

Nutritional Contents of Lunch Packs of Primary School Children in Nnewi, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Lunch packs play a significant role in the nutritional status and academic performance of school children. Available data show a high prevalence of malnutrition among school-age children. Aims: The aim of this study is to document the nutritional contents of lunch packs of primary school children in Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1018 primary 1-6 pupils selected by stratified systematic random sampling from six primary schools, two each of private, – mission, – and government (public) – owned schools in Nnewi metropolis with the aid of the semi-structured questionnaire. Lunch packs of the pupils were examined. Results: Majority of the pupils (77.8% [792/1018]) had lunch packs although about half of pupils in public schools had no lunch pack. Only 12.4% (98/792) and 19.2% (152/792) of pupils with lunch packs had balanced meals and fruits/vegetables in their lunch packs, respectively. The odds of not coming to school with packed lunch was about 13 and 12 times higher for mothers with no formal education or only primary education, respectively, compared with those with tertiary education. Type of school had a strong influence on possession and contents of lunch pack (?2 = 2.88, P < 0.001, phi coefficient = 0.72). Pupils in private (97.5% [198/203]) and mission (94.4% [388/411]) schools were more likely to have a lunch pack compared with public schools (51.0% [206/404]). However, pupils in private schools were most likely to have a balanced meal (32.5% [66/203] vs. 5.8% [24/411] in mission and 2.0% [8/404] in public schools) and fruits/vegetables (48.3% [98/203] vs. 10.2% [42/411] in mission and 3.0% [12/404] in public schools) in their lunch packs. Mothers’ educational status and parents’ occupation were significantly associated with lunch pack contents. Conclusion: Majority of the lunch packs of primary school pupils contain poor quality food especially in public schools. Mother's educational status and parent's occupation are important determinants of the nutritional contents of lunch packs. PMID:25184075

Ugochukwu, EF; Onubogu, CU; Edokwe, ES; Okeke, KN

2014-01-01

316

Perceptions of Primary School Teachers Regarding New Science and Technology Curriculum of Turkey in terms of Teaching and Assessment Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore and investigate perceptions of the primary school teachers' in 4 th and 5 th grade public schools on new science and technology curriculum in science and technology classes in Turkey. Whether primary school teachers familiar with the improvements in science and technology curriculum and whether they feel themselves adequate in terms of

Pinar Özdemir; Sibel Güneysu

317

Die Historie der Grundschule im Spiegel ihrer Geschichtsschreibung (The History of the Primary School as Reflected in Its Historiography).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the historiography of German primary education. Describes the standard reading of this history in which the primary school is traditionally interpreted as a school of the 20th century, seen in the context of the state's educational policy and reform programs, and as a task of communal schooling for all children. (CMK)

Tenorth, Heinz-Elmar

2000-01-01

318

Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school

Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal

2010-01-01

319

Satisfaction of Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers with Primary School Organization: Evidence from Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates and compares the satisfaction levels of pre-service and in-service primary school teachers with respect to school organization and administration. Primary data were collected through questionnaires completed by 315 pre-service teachers and 439 in-service teachers in Greece. The following six factors of school organization…

Menon, Maria Eliophotou; Saitis, Christos

2006-01-01

320

Teachers of Poor Communities: The Tale of Instructional Media Use in Primary Schools of "Gedeo" Zone, Southern Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of working conditions at school on teachers' level of instructional media use in the primary school system of Gedeo Zone, southern Ethiopia. The survey was made on a sample of 139 (24.4% female and male 75.6%) teachers who were randomly drawn from 9 primary schools (four rural and five urban…

Abdo, Mehadi; Semela, Tesfaye

2010-01-01

321

Preparing for Primary School in Singapore--Aspects of Adjustment to the More Formal Demands of the Primary One Mathematics Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined Singapore children's transition from preschool to primary school. The study identified the nature of parental support for numeracy development. Findings indicated that parents invest much time and effort in preparing children for primary school and see it as essential for accessing entry to a meritocratic…

Sharpe, Pamela

2002-01-01

322

Perfectionism and Self Concept among Primary School Children in Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The main purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between dimensions of perfectionism and self-concepts among school aged students in Egypt. Method: Two hundred-eighty four children (fifth and sixth graders) participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 144.37 months, SD 6.36. Pearson correlation…

Tofaha, Gamal Al Sayed; Ramon, Patricia Robledo

2010-01-01

323

Ten Theses of the Joy of Learning at Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to decipher the essence of the joy of learning and the ways to enhance it at school. In the field of educational psychology, research on feelings is lacking, and the little that does exist has focused more on negative rather than positive feelings. The present paper is based on ethnographic and observational research of a…

Rantala, Taina; Maatta, Kaarina

2012-01-01

324

Efficiency of the Primary and Secondary Schools in Sweden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The efficiency of 286 Swedish municipalities in the provision of elementary and secondary school education in 1993-94 was studied through stochastic frontier production with the estimation of production- and cost-function models. Empirical results show that most operate at 85 to 100% efficiency. (SLD)

Heshmati, Almas; Kumbhakar, Subal C.

1997-01-01

325

Researching the Characteristics of Effective Primary School Principals in Cyprus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study to identify characteristics and behaviors of effective elementary school principals in Cyprus, 49 principals judged as excellent by the Education Ministry were interviewed. Effective principals are ambitious, honest, and self-confident; deeply committed to their profession; proud of their country's heritage and traditions; deep thinkers…

Pashiardis, Petros

1998-01-01

326

The New Sexuality Education Curriculum for Queensland Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A departmental review of education curricula in Queensland, Australia has found that minimal or no learning about sexuality education takes place. Its public schools and teachers are able to avoid or not fulfil their obligations regarding the teaching of sexuality education and reproductive health to children and young people. This lacuna in…

Goldman, Juliette D. G.

2010-01-01

327

Linguistics at School: Language Awareness in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linguistics is a subject that has remained largely confined to the academy, rather than being integrated into school curricula. This is unfortunate but not surprising, as although some teacher education programs include courses on linguistics, it is not comprehensively integrated into teacher education, so it is largely absent from the curriculum.…

Denham, Kristin, Ed.; Lobeck, Anne, Ed.

2010-01-01

328

Getting a School Board to Address Its Primary Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Seattle, Washington school board members attended a retreat during the summer. At the retreat, which included the superintendent and a consultant-facilitator, the board examined the superintendent's self-evaluation and worked on long-range goals, short-term priorities, and professional effectiveness. (IRT)

Moberly, David L.; Stiles, Lindley J.

1978-01-01

329

Social Effects of Collaborative Learning in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is conflicting evidence on whether collaborative group work leads to improved classroom relations, and if so how. A before and after design was used to measure the impact on work and play relations of a collaborative learning programme involving 575 students 9-12 years old in single- and mixed-age classes across urban and rural schools. Data…

Tolmie, Andrew Kenneth; Topping, Keith J.; Christie, Donald; Donaldson, Caroline; Howe, Christine; Jessiman, Emma; Livingston, Kay; Thurston, Allen

2010-01-01

330

Does Poor Handwriting Conceal Literacy Potential in Primary School Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handwriting is a complex skill that, despite increasing use of computers, still plays a vital role in education. It is assumed that children will master letter formation at a relatively early stage in their school life, with handwriting fluency developing steadily until automaticity is attained. The capacity theory of writing suggests that as…

McCarney, Debra; Peters, Lynne; Jackson, Sarah; Thomas, Marie; Kirby, Amanda

2013-01-01

331

DISCOVERIES/INVENTIONS School of Medicine in primary care, family  

E-print Network

pollution Innovative ways to eradicate disease -- from developing cancer vaccines to stem cell research medicine and #6 in research, internal medicine and geriatrics ­ U.S. News & World Report School of NursingASL, which offers sign language by cell phone for deaf and hard-of-hearing people WebAnywhere, a web

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

332

Primary School Childrens' Ideas about Spiders. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 108.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the questions and explanations primary children have about spiders. The data comprise 112 questions and 104 explanations (included in appendices) offered by children after being shown a picture of a spider. Additional data were collected during individual interviews with 18 students.…

Biddulph, Fred

333

Effects on Coping Skills and Anxiety of a Universal School-Based Mental Health Intervention Delivered in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anxiety disorders are common in children and may signal risk of depression, social, or academic difficulties. This study evaluated the effects of a universal mental health promotion intervention delivered in primary schools. Three hundred and seventeen 9- to 10-year-olds were randomly allocated by class group to intervention conditions…

Collins, Sabrina; Woolfson, Lisa Marks; Durkin, Kevin

2014-01-01

334

Primary Teachers' and Students' Understanding of School Situated Design in Canada and England  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do teachers in primary schools translate curriculum requirements for teaching design, within technology frameworks, in their primary classrooms? We call teachers' and students' designerly thinking and behaviours school situated design. The results discussed in this paper are part of a larger study that explored: the relationships between designerly thinking and behaviours situated in primary/elementary classrooms in Ontario (Canada) and England (UK); beliefs about how designing is learned in schools and how they compare to learning and designing in the real world and children's and teachers' understanding of design. Data were collected from teachers, children and designers through interviews, classroom observations and dialogue, photographs and design documents. This paper focuses on the school situated design evidence from the study - the teacher and student data - and refers only briefly to designer data to compare school activities to workplace design. We call professional designers' designerly thinking and behaviours workplace design. Similarities and differences between primary school situated design in Ontario (Canada) and England (UK) are discussed.

Hill, Ann Marie; Anning, Angela

2001-02-01

335

Y's Girl: increasing body satisfaction among primary school girls.  

PubMed

To date, effective body image interventions for preadolescent school girls are lacking. The present study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of Y's Girl, a published body image curriculum specifically tailored for preadolescent school girls. A sample of 60 Grade 6 girls with a mean age of 11.25 (range of 11-12) years were allocated either to an intervention or control group and completed baseline and posttest measures of body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparison, self-esteem, peer factors, and disordered eating. Findings revealed that, compared to the control group, girls receiving the intervention reported improved body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparisons, and self-esteem at posttest 1 week after the intervention ended. Furthermore, changes in body satisfaction were moderated by initial levels of risk-factors. These findings provide initial support for Y's Girl as an effective, affordable body image intervention for preadolescent girls which can be implemented by teachers. PMID:23876878

Ross, Amy; Paxton, Susan J; Rodgers, Rachel F

2013-09-01

336

Educational Quality Differences in a Middle-Income Country: The Urban-Rural Gap in Malaysian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of educational quality in rural schools remain a key focus in the literature related to developing countries. This paper studies whether rural primary schools in Malaysia, an upper middle-income developing country, are still experiencing lower levels of educational resources, school climate, school leadership, and parental involvement…

Othman, Mariam; Muijs, Daniel

2013-01-01

337

Reforming Schools: A Case Study of New Basics in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforming schools is a challenging aspect of contemporary education. The role of leadership within reform agendas is critical. This article presents a case study of one school that has been highly successful in the implementation of this reform. The processes employed by the school at various levels demonstrate the ways in which effective…

Jorgensen, Robyn; Walsh, Lynne; Niesche, Richard

2009-01-01

338

A Concert of Contemporary Greek Songs  

E-print Network

A Concert of Contemporary Greek Songs December 5, 2004, 7:30pm Kresge Little Theater, MIT, 48 Mass on Greek music and the songs #12;Greek Music: From Ancient Greece to the 21st century The word "music" is of ancient Greek origin, and refers to that which is "of the Muses". The Muses are the Greek goddesses who

339

Factors Influencing Primary School Children's Knowledge of Wildlife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the wildlife knowledge of primary (aged 4-12) schoolchildren. In particular, we examined the effects of children's age and gender, as well as the taxonomy and origin (indigenous versus exotic) of wildlife, on the degree of knowledge about different species. We used illustrated "flashcards" of mammals, birds and arthropods, drawn…

Huxham, Mark; Welsh, Angela; Berry, Alice; Templeton, Stuart

2006-01-01

340

Attitudes to School Science Held by Primary Children in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes to science scales developed earlier in England have been used in and around a Pakistan city with children in Primary/Elementary Grades 4-8. The limitations of a "transferred scale" in a culturally different context are apparent in a failure to reproduce the English factor patterns, but items are identified to serve as a base for future…

Iqbal, Hafiz Muhammad; Nageen, Tabassum; Pell, Anthony William

2008-01-01

341

Stories, Fun and Games: Teaching Genetics in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why introduce genetics at primary level? Children are fascinated by themselves and where they come from. Many have heard of genes, mostly through the media coverage of genetics, and want to know more. Children should be engaged in science at an early age to foster an interest and encourage an appreciation of its relevance to life. Genetics sits…

Davies, Gail

2005-01-01

342

Teaching Mathematical Biology in High School Using Adapted Primary Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compared the effect of two adaptations of a scientific article on students' comprehension and use of scientific inquiry skills. One adaptation preserved as much as possible the canonical form of the original article (APL, Adapted Primary Literature) and the other was written in a more narrative mode typical of secondary literature (SL).…

Norris, Stephen P.; Stelnicki, Nathan; de Vries, Gerda

2012-01-01

343

Implementing Cooperative Learning in Australian Primary Schools: Generalist Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To implement cooperative learning successfully in practice, teachers require knowledge of cooperative learning, its features and terms, and how it functions in classrooms. This qualitative study examined 12 Australian generalist primary teachers', understandings of cooperative learning and perceived factors affecting its implementation. Using…

Hennessey, Angela; Dionigi, Rylee A.

2013-01-01

344

Greek theories on eugenics.  

PubMed Central

With the recent developments in the Human Genome Mapping Project and the new technologies that are developing from it there is a renewal of concern about eugenic applications. Francis Galton (b1822, d1911), who developed the subject of eugenics, suggested that the ancient Greeks had contributed very little to social theories of eugenics. In fact the Greeks had a profound interest in methods of supplying their city states with the finest possible progeny. This paper therefore reviews the works of Plato (The Republic and Politics) and Aristotle (The Politics and The Athenian Constitution) which have a direct bearing on eugenic techniques and relates them to methods used in the present century. PMID:9752630

Galton, D J

1998-01-01

345

Greek Cosmology and Cosmogony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure, composition, and long-term history of the cosmos were prominent topics in many ancient Greek philosophical systems. Philosophers and philosophically informed astronomers differed over whether the cosmos was finite or infinite, eternal or transient, and composed of discrete particles or continuous, homogeneous elements. The Aristotelian cosmology preferred by astronomers following Ptolemy assumed a finite, spherical shell of eternally unalterable matter enclosing a terrestrial globe composed of earth, water, air, and fire.

Jones, Alexander

346

Performance of newly implemented Environmental Management Systems in primary schools in South Africa.  

PubMed

Quantitative results from Environmental Management Systems (EMS) at primary schools have rarely been examined in literature. This paper presents the monitoring results of environmental care in 39 primary schools in Northern South Africa. During 2 years, after the EMS was implemented in the curriculum and in the school's management, the progress of environmental performances of the participating schools has been measured, by means of detailed questionnaires, related to four environmental aspects: water, waste, energy and greening. At the beginning of the project, 50% of the schools performed well on water-related environmental actions. Two years later it was 76%. For waste-related activities the improvement was even stronger: from 50% to 100%. The environmental performances of the schools improved also for greening-related actions, from 50% at the start of the project to 64% two years later. Only energy-related activities did not improve significantly with only 24% of all schools performing well at the end of the survey period. In general, the introduction of an EMS succeeded in an improvement of the overall environmental performances of the schools, but cost-intensive activities were less successful than others. PMID:20034728

Hens, Luc; Wiedemann, Torsten; Raath, Schalk; Stone, Riana; Renders, Paul; Craenhals, Eric

2010-01-01

347

The European Dimension in Greek Education in the Context of the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the objectives, the benefits and the difficulties in the implementation of school partnerships under the optional European educational programme Comenius in the context of a policy promoting the European Dimension in the education systems of Europe and particularly in Greek education. A sample of Greek teachers having run…

Diamantopoulou, Anastasia

2006-01-01

348

Spelling Development in 6-11-Year-Old Greek-Speaking Cypriot Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to examine the spelling development of Greek-speaking children in the early school grades. Although Greek orthography is regular for reading, it is much less transparent as far as spelling is concerned. Spelling development was investigated using a word spelling task designed to explore the effects of word length,…

Loizidou-Ieridou, Nataly; Masterson, Jackie; Hanley, J. Richard

2010-01-01

349

Images of "The Other": "The Turk" in Greek Cypriot Children's Imaginations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined how Greek Cypriot elementary students perceived, imagined, and talked about Turks as a people, illustrating the process of ethnic identity construction in childhood in contemporary Greek-Cypriot society. Ethnographic data illustrate how children's stereotypical constructions of Turks are largely informed by their school learning but are…

Spyrou, Spyros

2002-01-01

350

Teachers' Perceptions about the Barriers and Catalysts for Effective Practices with ICT in Primary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents perceptions of four primary school teachers from two Victorian government primary schools about the barriers and catalyst for effective practices with ICT. Findings of the semi-structured qualitative interviews confirm results of previous studies indicating that access to reliable infrastructure, adequate technical support, and time pressures are still considered to be some of the most significant barriers to successful ICT integration in public schools. Teacher interviews however also reveal that the challenges of integrating ICT in teaching and learning can be counterbalanced by a number of variables, which include: owning a laptop, having access to ongoing professional learning, sharing effective practices, drawing on student expertise and being supported by a whole-school approach to teaching and learning with ICT.

Dakich, Eva

351

Teaching Mathematical Biology in High School Using Adapted Primary Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study compared the effect of two adaptations of a scientific article on students’ comprehension and use of scientific\\u000a inquiry skills. One adaptation preserved as much as possible the canonical form of the original article (APL, Adapted Primary\\u000a Literature) and the other was written in a more narrative mode typical of secondary literature (SL). Both adaptations contained\\u000a the same content.

Stephen P. Norris; Nathan Stelnicki; Gerda de Vries

352

Teaching science in primary schools: What knowledge do teachers need?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several reviews on science education have lamented the lack of content knowledge of primary teachers and implied that improvements\\u000a in this area would lead to better teaching and learning. Subject knowledge, however is a complex issue. What knowledge is\\u000a required and how much? There is knowledge of the ‘content’ and the ‘processes’ of science. An elusive but essential third\\u000a component

Robyn Baker

1994-01-01

353

Portuguese Primary School Children's Conceptions about Digestion: Identification of Learning Obstacles. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional study of Portuguese primary school pupils' conceptions on digestion and the digestive tract was carried out before and after teaching this topic. Pupils of the prior four school years (5/6 to 9/10 year old) drew what happens to a cookie inside their body. In some cases they also wrote a short text or were interviewed. To identify…

Carvalho, Graca; Silva, Rui; Lima, Nelson; Coquet, Eduarda; Clement, Pierre

2004-01-01

354

The attitudes of primary school teachers toward inclusive education in rural and urban China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the attitudes of primary school teachers from the selected rural and urban areas in China toward inclusive\\u000a education. The results indicated that, (1) teachers’ attitudes are composed of three dimensions: positive and negative effects\\u000a of inclusion, and benefits of segregated special education; (2) most surveyed teachers demonstrated positive attitudes toward\\u000a segregated special school education while supporting inclusion;

Meng Deng

2008-01-01

355

Changes in physical activity during the transition from primary to secondary school in Belgian children: what is the role of the school environment?  

PubMed Central

Background Key life periods have been associated with changes in physical activity (PA). This study investigated (1) how PA changes when primary school children transfer to secondary school, (2) if school environmental characteristics differ between primary and secondary schools and (3) if changes in school environmental characteristics can predict changes in PA in Belgian schoolchildren. Moderating effects of gender and the baseline level of PA were investigated for the first and third research question. Methods In total, 736 children (10–13 years) of the last year of primary school participated in the first phase of this longitudinal study. Two years later, 502 of these children (68.2%) agreed to participate in the second phase. Accelerometers, pedometers and the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire were used to measure PA. School environmental characteristics were reported by the school principals. Cross-classified regression models were conducted to analyze the data. Results S elf-reported active transport to school and accelerometer weekday moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) increased after the transition to secondary school while self-reported extracurricular PA and total PA decreased. Pedometer weekday step counts decreased, but this decrease was only apparent among those who achieved the PA guidelines in primary school. Secondary schools scored higher on the school environmental characteristics: provision of sports and PA during lunch break, active schoolyards and playgrounds and health education policy but lower on sports and PA after-school than primary schools. Changes in the school environmental characteristics: active commuting to school, active schoolyards and playgrounds and health education policy resulted in changes in self-reported extracurricular PA, total PA , pedometer/accelerometer determined step counts and accelerometer determined MVPA. Moderating effects were found for baseline PA and gender. Conclusion PA changed after the transition to secondary school. In general, secondary schools seem more likely to foster strategies to promote PA during school hours than primary schools who seem more likely to foster strategies to promote PA after school. Changes in school environmental characteristics may contribute to changes in PA. Thus, if confirmed in future studies, efforts are needed to implement these components in schools as early as possible to positively affect the change in PA. PMID:24645802

2014-01-01

356

Inclusive Education for Students with Refugee Experience: Whole School Reform in a South Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been an increase in students with refugee experience in the UK, the US, Europe and Australia. These students face many barriers to education, and appropriately educating this diverse student population presents many challenges to schools and education departments. We argue that a whole of school approach that includes…

Pugh, Karen; Every, Danielle; Hattam, Robert

2012-01-01

357

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

2009-01-01

358

Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

359

Evaluating the Impact of Forest Schools: A Collaboration between a University and a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Forest School movement, an important part of education in Scandinavia, has gained momentum in the UK in recent years. Within the context of declining access to, and engagement with, the natural environment Forest Schools can provide invaluable life experiences for our children. In 2012 the University of Northampton investigated opportunities…

Slade, Melanie; Lowery, Claire; Bland, Ken

2013-01-01

360

The Impact of Preprimary School on Primary School Achievement in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence was collected regarding changes over 3 years in the quality of a preprimary program in rural Bangladesh and differences in school achievement of children who did and did not attend. The quality of 30 preprimary schools was evaluated using the ECERS-R (Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised) and ECERS-E (-Extension). Results…

Aboud, Frances E.; Hossain, Kamal

2011-01-01

361

Public Infrastructure, Location of Private Schools and Primary School Attainment in an Emerging Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper argues that access to public infrastructure plays a crucial role on the presence of private schools in a community, as it could not only minimise the cost of production, but also ensure a high return to private investment. Results using community, school and child/household-level PROBE survey data from five north Indian states provide…

Pal, Sarmistha

2010-01-01

362

A Short-Term Longitudinal Study of Children's Playground Games in Primary School: Implications for Adjustment to School and Social Adjustment in the USA and the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we described development of boys' and girls' games on the school playground at recess as they progressed across the first year of primary school in London (UK) and Minneapolis (USA) in order to document age-related trends in games during this period and to examine the predictive role of games in children's adjustment to school and…

Pellegrini, Anthony D.; Blatchford, Peter; Kato, Kentaro; Baines, Ed

2004-01-01

363

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2011-01-01

364

From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite considerable investment in UK government initiatives (e.g., the Physical Education School Sport [PESS] plan) aimed at improving the delivery and quality of physical education (PE) in primary schools, many remaining problems have been highlighted (e.g., facilities; staff training). It is suggested that the head teacher (school principal) plays a fundamental role in the experience of PE delivery within

Paul Rainer; Brendan Cropley; Stuart Jarvis; Rob Griffiths

2012-01-01

365

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Two Forms of the Enhancing Relationships in School Communities Project for Promoting Cooperative Conflict Resolution Education in Australian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Enhancing Relationships in School Communities (ERIS) Project which aimed to promote constructive conflict resolution (CR) in Australian primary school communities through professional development for core teams of three-five staff (n = 33 teachers). Twelve schools were randomly assigned to a full intervention (FI) group or…

Trinder, Margot; Wertheim, Eleanor H.; Freeman, Elizabeth; Sanson, Ann; Richardson, Shanel; Hunt, Sue

2010-01-01

366

From Policy to Practice?: The Reality of Play in Primary School Classes in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more countries align their curricular frameworks with play-based and experiential pedagogies, this paper provides a critical insight into the benefits and challenges that arise in practice when a play-based approach to learning and teaching becomes a political directive in Northern Ireland primary schools. Drawing on socio-constructivist and…

Hunter, Thelma; Walsh, Glenda

2014-01-01

367

Parametric Pedagogy: Integrating Parametric CAD in Irish Post-Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology education in Irish post-primary schools is undergoing significant change. In recent years the syllabi of all technology-related subjects have been revised. A new subject, Design and Communication Graphics, has replaced the traditional Technical Drawing subject. This new subject aims to develop students' spatial awareness and graphical…

McGarr, Oliver; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

368

The Role of Visual Culture Studies on Primary School Students' Interpretation of Visual World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual culture studies have become the focus of research in recent years mainly due to the frequent use of art applications in Visual Arts courses in primary schools and the inadequate content of discipline based art education for the interpretation of today's multiple stimulants. By interrogating students' semantic stratums related to visuals,…

Turkcan, Burcin; Yasar, Sefik

2011-01-01

369

Pupils' Voice: "My Primary School Teacher''  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore pupils' views on how a teacher should be and the reasons for their decisions. Based on qualitative research design, focus group interviews were done with ten 5th graders from a public primary school in Turkey. These pupils were asked the following questions: "how do you think a teacher should be?" and…

Alkan, Vesile

2013-01-01

370

Generalist Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Primary School Music Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study focuses on the music teaching experiences of five Australian generalist primary school teachers in their third year of teaching. The aim was to identify these teachers' current practices in teaching music, in particular their self-efficacy in relation to teaching music. A narrative inquiry methodology was employed,…

de Vries, Peter

2013-01-01

371

Enhancing Student Self-Worth in the Primary School Learning Environment: Teachers' Views and Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings from a study of teachers and students' views regarding self-worth in the primary school learning environment. The revised New Zealand curriculum recognises the importance of self-worth in students' motivation and ability to learn. While the need to enhance self-worth in the classroom has been well established in the…

Cushman, Penni; Cowan, Jackie

2010-01-01

372

Earth and Beyond. Teacher Support for Science in the National Curriculum for Primary and Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The material in this book was devised in answer to a need expressed by many teachers, especially in primary (elementary) schools, for support in the teaching of astronomy. These projects and activities are aimed at fulfilling the requirements of the National Curriculum in England and Wales and the 5-14 Guidelines in Scotland. Each activity gives…

Pickwick, Alan

373

The Explication of Primary School Students' Perfectionist Properties with Irrational Beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore the relationships between Primary School Key Stage II students' perfectionism as a personality trait and irrational beliefs and to investigate whether irrational beliefs predict perfectionism. The sample of research consisted of 532 students in Konya, Turkey, 253 of which were male and 279 were female. Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents, Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and Personal

Bülent Dilmaç; Didem Aydo; Nermin Koruklu; M. Engin Deniz

2009-01-01

374

The St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands, Public School Primary Teacher: A Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses to a questionnaire seeking information on personal characteristics, opinions, and practices were received from 90 primary public school teachers in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. The instrument included questions on age, ethnic background, sex, educational background, and previous teaching experience. Opinions were also sought on…

Delemos, Valerie A.; Youngblood, Chester E.

375

Mental Rotation Performance in Primary School Age Children: Are There Gender Differences in Chronometric Tests?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the well documented male advantage in psychometric mental rotation tests, gender differences in chronometric experimental designs are still under dispute. Therefore, a systematic investigation of gender differences in mental rotation performance in primary-school children is presented in this paper. A chronometric mental rotation…

Jansen, P.; Schmelter, A.; Quaiser-Pohl, C.; Neuburger, S.; Heil, M.

2013-01-01

376

Students with Special Educational Needs: Transitions from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the experiences of young people with Statements of special educational needs prior to and following moves from primary to secondary school. Pam Maras and Emma-Louise Aveling of the University of Greenwich, London, used interviews to develop six qualitative case studies focusing on the transition process. Findings from these…

Maras, Pam; Aveling, Emma-Louise

2006-01-01

377

Roles and Responsibilities of Teaching Assistants in Primary Independent Schools of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of teaching assistants in the primary independent schools in the State of Qatar and to determine whether these roles and responsibilities differed for subgroups in our sample. Results from the study were used to inform and improve certificate programs for teaching assistants.…

Zaki, Eman; Allen, Nancy; Almula, Badriya; Al Motawaha, Fatma; Fakhro, Aisha

2009-01-01

378

Distribution of Primary School Enrollments in Eastern Africa. World Bank Staff Working Papers Number 511.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distribution of primary school enrollments within and among 15 countries of the Eastern African region was examined by drawing exclusively on routine annual statistics and by emphasizing simple computer-generated indicators. In its first phase, the study made inter-country comparisons that indicated which countries and which areas in the region…

Maas, Jacob van Lutsenburg; Criel, Geert

379

Shaping Socialist Ideology through Language Education Policy for Primary Schools in the PRC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, drawing on the theoretical framework of critical discourse analysis, examines the general goals and objectives of the national curriculum reform launched by the Ministry of Education in 2001 for Chinese primary schools. Four policy documents relevant to the curriculum reform are analyzed, including Chinese curriculum and English…

Li, Minglin

2011-01-01

380

English and French Pedagogical Cultures: Convergence and Divergence in Cameroonian Primary School Teachers' Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article approaches the phenomenon of the continuing influence of French and English pedagogical cultures in Africa relying on post-modern notions of time and space. It reports on a project carried out in Cameroon where both cultures are in contact and where the teachers from two primary schools were observed and interviewed over a period of…

Esch, Edith

2012-01-01

381

The Talent Managing Work of the Balaton-Felvideki Szin-Vonal Primary Art School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, art education has been recognized as a suitable tool for enhancing emotional intelligence and nurturing a child's creative development. However, it seems that the education of art has lost the race against other primary school subjects, with only a minimal number of lessons being taught. The establishment of the afternoon art…

Baranyai, Valeria

2013-01-01

382

What is Physical Education in Primary Schools in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical education has historically held an important place as an identified learning area within the wider New Zealand curriculum. While consistently present, the way that physical education has been conceptualised and implemented has evolved and changed over time. This paper considers the changes that have occurred in the teaching of physical education in primary schools (5 years - 12 years)

Ben Dyson; Barrie Gordon; Jackie Cowan

2011-01-01

383

Motivation in Physical Education across the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the temporal patterns of approach-avoidance achievement goals, implicit theories of ability and perceived competence in physical education across the transition from primary to secondary school. We also evaluated the predictive utility of implicit theories and perceived competence with regard to achievement…

Warburton, Victoria; Spray, Christopher

2008-01-01

384

Metaphors of Primary School Students Relating to the Concept of Global Warming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reveal the metaphors of primary school students (n = 362) relating to the concept of global warming. Data collected by completing the expression of "global warming is like..., because..." of the students were analysed by use of qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques. According to findings of…

Dogru, Mustafa; Sarac, Esra

2013-01-01

385

Primary Schooling under New Labour: The Irresolvable Contradiction of Excellence and Enjoyment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to provide both an account and an assessment of the most significant policies adopted by New Labour on primary schooling since its victory in the election of 1997. A secondary intention is to determine what these policies reveal about New Labour and its political project. A key policy objective in New Labour's two terms of office…

Brehony, Kevin J.

2005-01-01

386

Investigating Students Misbehavior in Classroom Management in State and Private Primary Schools with a Comparative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research aims to showing the students misbehaviors in formal and private primary schools according to the perceptions of class teachers working in Kayseri in 2006-2007 academic year The data has been collected with the questionnaire developed by the researcher based on review survey and expert ideas. Questionnaire is applied to 245 teachers in…

Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

2010-01-01

387

Analysis of Primary School Curriculum of Turkey, Finland, and Ireland in Terms of Media Literacy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the implications of Media Literacy Education (MLE) in Turkey by analyzing the Primary School Curricula in terms of MLE comparatively in Turkey, Ireland and Finland. In this study, the selection of Finland and Ireland curricula is related with those countries' being the pioneering countries in MLE and the…

Tanriverdi, Belgin; Apak, Ozlem

2010-01-01

388

From Discrete to Transformed? Developing Inclusive Primary School Teacher Education in a Finnish Teacher Education Department  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the primary school teacher education curriculum reform currently under way in the Department of Teacher Education at the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland. A general overview of the Finnish context and relevant inclusive education policy issues are presented. The process of developing inclusive education in the curriculum and…

Naukkarinen, Aimo

2010-01-01

389

Artificial Grammar Learning in Primary School Children with and without Developmental Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores implicit learning in typically developing and primary school children (9-12 years old) with developmental dyslexia using an artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. Two experiments were conducted, which differed in time of presentation and nature of the instructional set (experiment 1-implicit instructions vs experiment…

Pavlidou, Elpis V.; Williams, Joanne M.; Kelly, Louise M.

2009-01-01

390

Homework Involvement and Functions: Perceptions of Hong Kong Chinese Primary School Students and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the perceptions of Chinese students and parents in Hong Kong on homework involvement, assignment type and homework functions. The relationships of homework perceptions to student and parent attributes are also assessed. The sample includes 1393 pairs of students and their parents from 36 primary schools in Hong Kong. Findings…

Tam, Vicky C. W.; Chan, Raymond M. C.

2011-01-01

391

Emotional Symptoms in Inattentive Primary School Children: A Population-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study investigates teacher and parent reports of inattention and emotional symptoms in 6,229 primary school children. Method: The assessment included the Emotional Symptoms subscale and the Impact scale from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the inattention items from the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham IV…

Sorensen, Lin; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Lundervold, Astri Johansen

2008-01-01

392

The Impact of Inattention and Emotional Problems on Cognitive Control in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study investigated the predictive value of parent/teacher reports of inattention and emotional problems on cognitive control function in 241 children in primary school. Method: Cognitive control was measured by functions of set-shifting and working memory as assessed by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function…

Sorensen, Lin; Plessen, Kerstin J.; Lundervold, Astri J.

2012-01-01

393

Kindergarten and Primary School Children's Implicit Theories of Learning to Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the process of learning to write from an insider perspective, by adopting the framework of implicit theories of learning. We interviewed 160 children attending kindergarten or primary education in public schools in Argentina (20 children from each of the eight grades from kindergarten to seventh grade). Main questions explored…

Scheuer, Nora; de la Cruz, Montserrat; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Echenique, Monica; Marquez, Maria Silvina

2009-01-01

394

Retrospection and Inspiration of Green Education Campaign in Chinese Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to improve the quality and popularity of environmental education in China, the State Education Commission (now Ministry of Education), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and British Petroleum (BP) (China) have reached an agreement on the launch of the project named the Primary and Secondary School Environmental Education Campaign. This project…

Yu, Huang; Qing, Tian

2004-01-01

395

VOLUME MEASUREMENT AND CONSERVATION IN LATE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CYPRUS  

E-print Network

VOLUME MEASUREMENT AND CONSERVATION IN LATE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CYPRUS Stamatis Voulgaris is to demonstrate that understanding of the concept of volume has more than one related aspects therefore, teaching of volume are introduced. This study is concentrated on the understanding of the concept of volume

Spagnolo, Filippo

396

Upper Primary School Teachers' Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching Functional Thinking in Algebra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a project that investigated teachers' knowledge in teaching an important aspect of algebra in the middle years of schooling--functions, relations and joint variation. As part of the project, 105 upper primary teachers were surveyed during their participation in Contemporary Teaching and Learning of Mathematics, a…

Wilkie, Karina J.

2014-01-01

397

The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

2012-01-01

398

Indigenous Studies and Intercultural Education: The Impact of a Place-Based Primary-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a student-impact assessment of a model two-year place-based intercultural approach to indigenous education. Students at Lewis & Clark Primary School in Missoula, Montana, connected face-to-face with tribal educators and members residing in the nearby American Indian reservation. The program's learning outcomes included…

Ngai, Phyllis Bo-yuen; Koehn, Peter H.

2010-01-01

399

Changes in Lithuanian Pre-School and Pre-Primary Education Quality over the Last Decade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, the changes in Lithuanian pre-school and pre-primary education have been predetermined by changes in paradigms of children's education and strategic education documents that provided for guidelines of high quality children's (self-)education, an increasing attention of society to the quality of children's education, training…

Monkeviciene, Ona; Stankeviciene, Kristina

2011-01-01

400

Music and Drama in Primary Schools in the Madeira Island--Narratives of Ownership and Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year-case study funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) from the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education was designed to study a 30-year project of music and drama in primary schools in Madeira. This article reports on the narratives of the three main figures in the project as they elaborate on its…

Mota, Graça; Araújo, Maria Jose

2013-01-01

401

State Liability for Abuse in Primary Schools: Systemic Failure and "O'Keeffe" v. "Hickey"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the historical arrangement between Church and State, the Irish State has always discharged its duty to provide for free primary education exclusively through the provision of funding to privately owned and managed schools. Consequently, in "O'Keeffe" v. "Hickey," where a woman sued the State in respect of sex abuse she suffered when in…

O'Mahony, Conor

2009-01-01

402

Improving Student Performance in Public Primary Schools in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the correlates of student performance in mathematics and dictation tests among schoolchildren in Indonesia. This is the first such study to use a new nationally representative sample of Indonesian primary-school students. Our dataset includes unique data on teacher absenteeism collected through direct observation, the first…

Suryadarma, Daniel; Suryahadi, Asep; Sumarto, Sudarno; Rogers, F. Halsey

2006-01-01

403

Professional Insiders/Outsiders? Teacher Professionalism and the Primary School Physical Education Specialist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a context for exploring the positioning of Physical Education specialist teachers (PE specialist teachers) in primary schools in Queensland in the discourses of teacher professionalism. A critical analysis of literature on the history and status of the subject and its practitioners aims to contextualize discourses in and about…

Brooks, Caroline; DinanThompson, Maree

2013-01-01

404

An Experimental Project on Energy Education for Rural Women, Primary School Children and Teachers Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the University of Baroda's (India) Rural/Tribal Block Placement Program's major aims during the year 1988-89 was to develop energy consciousness in women, primary school children and teachers. An experimental project was designed for a rural Indian village. The objectives were to obtain information on rural energy resources; assess the role…

Pathak, Yogini; Mankodi, Hina

405

The Relationship between Power Distance and Organizational Commitment in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between organizational commitment and power distance. The study has a correlational survey research model. The population of the study consists of a total of 4838 teachers working in the primary schools in the center of the city of Balikesir and in the centers of its districts in the 2012-2013…

Deniz, Ayhan; Yildirim, Bilal

2014-01-01

406

The Utilisation of Psychological Support Services in Primary Schools in Gauteng  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study was conducted in four Gauteng public primary schools to assess the utilisation of psychological support services. Individual and focus group interviews were conducted with various stakeholders. The results indicated an underutilisation of Psychological Support Services attributed to lack of staff within the support…

Pillay, Jace; Wasielewski, Tanya

2007-01-01

407

The Perceptions of Senior Management Teams' (SMTs) Dominant Leadership Styles in Selected Botswana Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, which was funded by the office of research and development (ORD) in the University of Botswana, surveyed 65 primary schools in South Central region in Botswana, which aimed at establishing the perceptions of senior management teams dominant leadership style. The study was done in three phases; the first phase started in June 2008 to…

Mhozya, C. M.

2010-01-01

408

Inside Practice of Science Teachers for Students with Hearing Impairments in Botswana Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this qualitative study the authors describe how students with severe to profound hearing impairments learn science subjects in primary school in Botswana. Twenty-two teachers from two centres of deaf education in Botswana were recruited purposively to take part in the current study. Multilayered data collection methods were utilized to gain an…

Mukhopadhyay, Sourav; Moswela, Emmanuel

2010-01-01

409

Who Gets to Play? Investigating Equity in Musical Instrument Instruction in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a widely held view that learning to play a musical instrument is a valuable experience for all children in terms of their personal growth and development. Although there is no statutory obligation for instrumental music provision in Scottish primary schools, there are well-established Instrumental Music Services in Local Education…

Moscardini, Lio; Barron, David S.; Wilson, Alastair

2013-01-01

410

Teachers' Opinions on the Incorporation of Environmental Education in the Nigerian Primary School Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the report of a research carried out in Kwara Sate of Nigeria to seek the opinions of teachers on the incorporation of Environmental Education (EE) in the Nigerian Primary School Curriculum. The descriptive survey method was employed for the study. 200 teachers were selected through stratified random sampling technique to cater…

Jekayinfa, Alice Arinlade; Yusuf, Abdul Raheem

2008-01-01

411

Gender in the Early Years: Boys and Girls in an African Working Class Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the ways in which young boys and girls give meaning to gender and sexuality is vital, and is especially significant in the light of South Africa's commitment to gender equality. Yet the, gendered cultures of young children in the early years of South African primary schools remains a, marginal concern in debate, research and…

Bhana, Deevia; Nzimakwe, Thokozani; Nzimakwe, Phumzile

2011-01-01

412

Cultivating Reputations: The Social Goal of Western Australian Primary School Bullies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This research sought to determine the significance of reputation in the lives of bullies particularly in relation to the social purposes it serves and the goals that are met through its enhancement. Method: One hundred and thirty-two (62 males and 70 females) Western Australian Grades 5, 6 and 7 primary school children completed the…

Nathan, Elijah; Houghton, Stephen; Tan, Carol; Carroll, Annemaree

2011-01-01

413

Teacher Perceptions of Non-Compliance in Rural Primary Schools in New South Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, teachers from primary schools in a rural district of New South Wales were surveyed about their views on non-compliant behaviour, its frequency in the classroom and its effect on classroom management. Teachers generally agreed on definitions of moderate to serious non-compliant behaviours but some teachers rated minor non-compliant…

Reynolds, Kim; Stephenson, Jennifer; Beaman, Robyn

2011-01-01

414

How Spanish Primary School Students Interpret the Concepts of Population and Species  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents research concerning the way in which primary school pupils in southern Spain interpret the concepts of population and species. The results show that, for the concept of population, there was an intense anthropocentrism in pupils' responses, while for the concept of species, only animals were considered as living…

Jiménez-Tejada, María-Pilar; Sánchez-Monsalve, Cristina; González-García, Francisco

2013-01-01

415

Creative Partnerships? Cultural Policy and Inclusive Arts Practice in One Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article traces the "cultural turn" in UK educational policy through an analysis of the Creative Partnerships policy (New Labour's "flagship programme in the cultural education field") and a consideration of an arts project funded under this initiative in one primary school. It argues that current educational policy foregrounds the economic…

Hall, Christine; Thomson, Pat

2007-01-01

416

Glimpses of Science: Multimedia-Enhanced Hands-On Activities for Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Glimpses of Science" is the outcome of collaboration between the University of New South Wales and four primary schools in the Sydney metropolitan region. A prototype kit on the topic of sound was developed and demonstrated by the team. This kit formed the basis for further science activities to be designed and produced in conjunction with the…

Hatsidimitris, George; Connor, Rick; Ginges, Jacinda; Wolfe, Joe

2010-01-01

417

Implementing the Democratic Principles and Practices of Student-Centred Curriculum Integration in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-centred curriculum integration (CI) is a concept underpinned by democratic education. It places students at the centre of learning, involving them in classroom decisions and curriculum planning. Most research on this approach has been situated in the middle years, but this study focuses on primary schooling. This project examined what…

Brough, Chris Jane

2012-01-01

418

Children's Learning Practices in Ethiopia: Observations from Primary School Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores questions of relevance to Ethiopian primary education policy. It examines (i) the match/mismatch between government-prescribed pedagogy and actual student learning practices and (ii) the relationship between those practices and school, class and teacher level factors. The paper employs evidence from government documents on…

Frost, Melanie; Little, Angela W.

2014-01-01

419

English Language Classroom Practices: Bangladeshi Primary School Children's Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English language teaching (ELT) has been investigated from various angles including how English language teachers perceive what happens in an ELT classroom. How primary school English language learners perceive their experiences of ELT is rarely reported in the published literature, particularly from developing countries such as Bangladesh. This…

Shrestha, Prithvi Narayan

2013-01-01

420

Factors Influencing Hand Washing Behaviour in Primary Schools: Process Evaluation within a Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores factors that may influence hand washing behaviour among pupils and staff in primary schools. A qualitative process evaluation within a cluster randomized controlled trial included pupil focus groups (n = 16, aged 6-11 years), semi-structured interviews (n = 16 teachers) and observations of hand washing facilities (n = 57).…

Chittleborough, Catherine R.; Nicholson, Alexandra L.; Basker, Elaine; Bell, Sarah; Campbell, Rona

2012-01-01

421

How to Build Powerful Learning Trajectories for Relational Thinking in the Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are now strong arguments for building closer links between children's understanding of numbers and number operations and the beginning of algebraic (relational) thinking in the primary school years. Rarely, however, do Australian mathematics textbooks give enough guidance for teachers to use good activities in the classroom to promote…

Stephens, Max; Armanto, Dian

2010-01-01

422

Perspectives and Visions of Computer Science Education in Primary and Secondary (K-12) Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the recent developments in many countries, for example, in the USA and in the UK, it appears that computer science education (CSE) in primary or secondary schools (K-12) has reached a significant turning point, shifting its focus from ICT-oriented to rigorous computer science concepts. The goal of this special issue is to offer a…

Hubwieser, Peter; Armoni, Michal; Giannakos, Michail N.; Mittermeir, Roland T.

2014-01-01

423

Influence of Modes of Multimedia Presentation on the Effects of Primary School Students' Chinese Characters Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With grade 2 students in primary school as subjects, this study conducted an experiment to explore the influence of 2 modes of presentation on students' recognition and recall of Chinese characters. The research results indicated that: (1) Modes of presentation had significant effect on students' Chinese characters learning, and dynamic presentation was superior to static presentation. (2) The advantage of

Tian Xuehong; Zhong Chenyin; Luo Meina

2009-01-01

424

The Limiting Power of Cypriot Primary School Teachers' Private Reflections on Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous paper (Loizou, F. 2011. How Cypriot primary school teachers promote their professional development through reflective practice. "Education 3-13" 39, no. 3: 233--247.) I explored the concept of theories-in-use within a qualitative research study in order to analyse the role of reflection in bringing about change in the…

Loizou, Florentia

2013-01-01

425

Effects of a "Learn to Think" Intervention Programme on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Methods for teaching thinking may be described as out-of-context or infusion. Both approaches have potential to raise students' general cognitive processing ability and so raise academic achievement, but each has disadvantages. Aims: To describe and evaluate a theory-based learn to think (LTT) curriculum for primary school students,…

Hu, Weiping; Adey, Philip; Jia, Xiaojuan; Liu, Jia; Zhang, Lei; Li, Jing; Dong, Xiaomei

2011-01-01

426

Classroom Assessment Practices: A Survey of Botswana Primary and Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Classroom Assessment Practices and Skills (CAPS) questionnaire was administered to a sample of 691 primary and secondary school teachers in Botswana, Southern Africa to survey their thoughts about classroom assessment and identify classroom assessment practices teachers perceive to be skilled and those that they used most. The study examined…

Koloi-Keaikitse, Setlhomo

2012-01-01

427

Student Transition from Primary to Lower Secondary School in Cambodia: Narrative Insights into Complex Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around…

Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Zimmermann, Thomas; Sitha, Chhinh; Williams, James H.; Kitamura, Yuto

2014-01-01

428

An Improbable Leadership: Structural Limits of Educational Communication. The Case of Some Italian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the results of field research focused on educational communication in the classroom. The research involved 11 primary schools in Italy. Nearly 100 hours of videotaped educational interactions were produced. The empirical analysis of the communication processes allowed us to analyse the main structures of educational…

Farini, Federico

2009-01-01

429

Relation of Home Chaos to Cognitive Performance and Behavioral Adjustment of Pakistani Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent findings from Western developed countries have linked home chaos to children's cognitive performance and behavioral problems. In the present paper we test whether the same pattern of associations can be replicated in a non-Western developing country. Our sample was 203 Pakistani primary school children. To assess home chaos the Confusion,…

Shamama-tus-Sabah, Syeda; Gilani, Nighat; Wachs, Theodore D.

2011-01-01

430

Cooperative Learning as a Form of Active Learning in Dutch Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined teachers' use and evaluation of cooperative learning along with students' reactions to cooperative grouping and the quality of the group cooperation in a sample of Dutch primary school teachers who implemented cooperative learning methods. Data collection involved teacher questionnaires, student questionnaires, and observation.…

Veenman, Simon; Kenter, Brenda; Post, Kiki

431

Listening in the Primary School; Views and Practices of Australian Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume details the results of a questionnaire, submitted to 883 primary school teachers in the six Australian states, on the teaching of listening skills. Questions involved 224 variables and tapped six areas: biographical details of the respondent, training background in the teaching of listening, teaching methods and materials used,…

Duff, T. S.; Clark, M. L.

432

"I'm the Best in Maths. Boys Rule, Girls Drool." Masculinities, Mathematics and Primary Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents elements of an ethnographic study of gendered identities among boys and girls in the early years of primary schooling. Foregrounding group work in mathematics as a key arena for the production of young masculine identities, this article goes some way to addressing what is absent from sociological portrayals of young children,…

Bhana, Deevia

2005-01-01

433

The Attitudes of Primary School Teachers toward Inclusive Education in Rural and Urban China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the attitudes of primary school teachers from the selected rural and urban areas in China toward inclusive education. The results indicated that, (1) teachers' attitudes are composed of three dimensions: positive and negative effects of inclusion, and benefits of segregated special education; (2) most surveyed teachers…

Deng, Meng

2008-01-01

434

Historical Analysis of Portuguese Primary School Textbooks (1920-2005) on the Topic of Digestion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our previous studies have shown that Portuguese primary school pupils and teachers have three main difficulties in the representation of the digestion process: the sequence of the digestive tract, blood absorption, and the relationship of the digestive function with other human functions. In this study we analysed the topic of digestion in 63…

Carvalho, Graca S.; Silva, Rui; Clement, Pierre

2007-01-01

435

Counter-Examples for Refinement of Conjectures and Proofs in Primary School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore how primary school students reexamine their conjectures and proofs when they confront counter-examples to the conjectures they have proved. In the case study, a pair of Japanese fifth graders thought that they had proved their primitive conjecture with manipulative objects (that is, they constructed an…

Komatsu, Kotaro

2010-01-01

436

Collaborative Classroom Management in a Co-Taught Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how teachers manage their classroom in co-taught lessons. The data were collected by observing and interviewing a pair of primary school teachers. The most important influence of collaboration on classroom management seemed to be the emotional support of another adult, and the opportunity to use different…

Rytivaara, Anna

2012-01-01

437

Exploring Inclusive Practices in Primary Schools: Focusing on Children's Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a small-scale research project which took place in one primary school in the north-east of England. The study aimed to listen to children's views about how the practices of teachers helped and/or hindered their sense of inclusion in classrooms. Inclusion was understood here in a broad sense rather than specifically relating…

Adderley, Rebecca J.; Hope, Max A.; Hughes, Gill C.; Jones, Lisa; Messiou, Kyriaki; Shaw, Patricia A.

2015-01-01

438

"Joined on Rather than Joined up?" Primary Mental Health Work in Scottish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Primary mental health workers have been based in West Lothian schools since 2003 to act as links between the community and hospital-based services. The research programme this paper describes aimed to examine how this model worked and its impact for children and their families. Design/methodology/approach: This paper reports on interviews…

Huddart, Paula

2007-01-01

439

The Peer Relationships of Primary School Pupils with Poor Attendance Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research study presented in this article was conducted because of the surprising paucity of research findings on the effect of significant absence from primary school on peer relationships. Participants in the study were Year 6 pupils, 140 of whom had attendance records of 80% or less in both Years 2 and 6. Of the 140, 133 were matched with…

Carroll, H. C. M.

2011-01-01

440

Learning Chinese Characters via Mobile Technology in a Primary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a project, including the design, development, and use of a mobile application (referred to as application hereafter) for learning Chinese as a second language in a bilingual primary school. The application was designed for iPod Touch Apple technology with the purpose to facilitate learning of a fundamental set of 200 Chinese…

Lu, Jie; Meng, Sue; Tam, Vincent

2014-01-01

441

Is Privacy at Risk when Commercial Websites Target Primary School Children? A Case Study in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses privacy risk factors when commercial web sites target primary school children in Korea. Specifically, the authors examined types of personal information required for membership subscriptions and whether privacy policies at commercial sites for children abide by privacy guidelines. A total of 159 commercial sites targeting…

Kim, Sora; Yi, Soon-Hyung

2010-01-01

442

A Study of The "New Primary Approach" in The Schools of Kenya.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-part study is an outgrowth of the explosive expansion in English-medium instruction which has taken place in the primary schools of Kenya since 1957. "Part I: The Prator Statement," which concentrates on the linguistic, methodological, and teacher-training aspects of the overall problem, presents first a description of the linguistic…

Hutasoit, Marnixius; Prator, Clifford H.

443

The Causes of Poor Eyesight among Primary School Students - a Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the causes of poor eyesight among 1st to 5th grade primary school students. We consider whether gender, parental employment, and student achievement affect the severity of the poor eyesight. The SAS 9.1 PROC MIXED, a flexible program suitable for fitting individual growth models, was used. A number of statistical models were compared, and we concluded that the

Shin-Feng Chen; Shuyi Wang; Yuan-Horng Lin

2009-01-01

444

Pedagogical Approaches for ICT Integration into Primary School English and Mathematics: A Singapore Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study research attempts to examine the pedagogical approaches for the teaching of English and mathematics with information communication technology (ICT) in a primary school in Singapore. The study uses the learning "with" and learning "from" ICT framework in reporting and analysing how ICT has been used in the teaching of English and…

Tay, Lee Yong; Lim, Siew Khiaw; Lim, Cher Ping; Koh, Joyce Hwee Ling

2012-01-01

445

Pupils' Environmental Awareness and Knowledge: A Springboard for Action in Primary Schools in Kenya's Rift Valley  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was carried out with 276 standard eight pupils in eleven primary schools in the rural town of Narok in Kenya's Rift Valley. It evaluated their awareness of key environmental issues in their local area and their knowledge about the causes, effects and solutions pertaining to these environmental issues. A descriptive research design was…

Mutisya, Sammy M.; Barker, Miles

2011-01-01

446

Understanding Core Skills and Influences in Primary School Science Learning: Taking a Scientific Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen substantial improvements in the teaching of reading and early arithmetic based on rigorous analysis of the component learning skills involved in these areas and of the ways they are developed. Despite the importance attached to science, there has been very little comparable work that might provide a steer to primary school

Tolmie, Andy

2012-01-01

447

Pauses, gaps and wait time in classroom interaction in primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies on turn-taking in classroom interaction have focussed on pauses, gaps and wait time. This exploratory study aims to describe and analyse the role of pauses in interaction taking place in 12 Italian primary school classrooms. A total of 15h of recordings were transcribed and analysed using conversation analysis. Two main groups of findings are highlighted. The first one

Barbara Maroni

2011-01-01

448

Motivation for Reading and Upper Primary School Students' Academic Achievement in Reading in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined primary school students' reading motivation and performance on the standardized exam. Participants included 901 seventh and eighth grade students from Kenya. There were 468 females and 433 males. Contrary to previous studies, results showed reading challenge and aesthetics, but not efficacy, predicted reading achievement,…

Mucherah, Winnie; Herendeen, Abbey

2013-01-01

449

Finding Inquiry in Discourses of Audit and Reform in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the discourses of Primary school numeracy coordinators responsible for auditing, monitoring and supporting their colleagues in relation to the introduction and embedding of the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) in the UK. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) focuses our analysis on the contradictory coupling of…

Williams, Julian; Corbin, Brian; McNamara, Olwen

2007-01-01

450

Promoting a special learning environment for second language learning in a Chinese rural primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been a challenge for Chinese educators to improve the educational quality of big-size classrooms. In this reflective article, a special learning environment was implemented in an English classroom at a primary school in China. By involving “teacher”, “monitor students”, “tutor students”, “tutee students” and “at-risk students” as members of the learning community in the classroom, the teacher formed

Qiaoyan He; Martin Valcke; Chang Zhu

2011-01-01

451

Perceptions of Special Educational Practices in Malawi: Voices from Primary Schools and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This doctoral research work explores the quality of educational experiences and access to opportunities for girls with disabilities in selected rural primary schools in Malawi. The context for this study lies within four of the six goals contained within the World Declaration on Education for All doctrine, a document which lays out a framework for…

Lubeski, Nancy J.

2011-01-01

452

Development and Validation of the Chinese Creative Writing Scale for Primary School Students in Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 13-item Chinese Creative Writing Scale was modified from the Carlson Originality Scale to assess creativity elements in compositions of primary school students (n=69) in Hong Kong. Content validity was endorsed by an expert panel and results show the scale has excellent interrater reliability and moderate to good internal consistency.…

Cheung, Wai Ming; Tse, Shek Kam; Tsang, Wing Hong Hector

2001-01-01

453

Teachers' Knowledge and Confidence for Promoting Positive Mental Health in Primary School Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports an investigation into Australian primary school teachers' knowledge and confidence for mental health promotion. Questionnaires were delivered to 1397 teachers. In-depth interviews were held with 37 teachers. Quantitative results showed that half to two thirds of teachers felt efficacious and knowledgeable about selected…

Askell-Williams, Helen; Lawson, Michael J.

2013-01-01

454

The Relationship between Organizational Health and Bullying that Teachers Experience in Primary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between organizational health and the bullying that teachers experience in primary schools in Turkey. Two measurement instruments were used in this research. The Organizational Health Inventory (OHI-S), Hoy and Miskel, (1991) was used to measure organizational health. The Negative Acts…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2007-01-01

455

Main prerequisites for introduction of ICT in Visual Arts education in Croatian primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper main prerequisites for introduction of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in Visual Arts education are presented. Survey and research was conducted in Primorsko-goranska County, Croatia on a sample of 31 primary school teachers of subject Visual Arts. Survey forms contained vital, carefully prepared questions regarding teachers, pupils, visual arts and ICT. This survey also provides valuable feedback

Zvjezdana Prohaska

2011-01-01

456

Factors Influencing Belize District Primary School Teachers' Attitudes toward Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inclusive education continues to be a reoccurring challenge as various factors affect to what extent teachers or educators are willing to educate children with disabilities in the regular education setting alongside their non-disabled peers. This quantitative study examined factors influencing Belize District Primary School teachers'…

McKay, Maxine

2012-01-01

457

Educational Challenges of Internal Migrant Girls: A Case Study among Primary School Children in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to investigate education-related challenges encountered by internal migrant girls studying at primary schools in Turkey. From the perspectives of participants, the emerging themes included adaptation, language, low socio-economic status, peer relations, discrimination and bullying. These challenges seem to have direct or…

Altinyelken, Hulya Kosar

2009-01-01

458

Analysis of Classroom Management Problems in Primary Schools in Delta State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies classroom management problems, their causes, and possible ways to reduce these problems in primary schools located in Delta State, Nigeria. A total of 600 teachers selected from twelve local government areas participated in this study. Data were collected in a checklist containing 27 items and a two section questionnaire…

Oghuvbu, Enamiroro Patrick; Atakpo, Theresa Edirin

2008-01-01

459

Homework involvement and functions: perceptions of Hong Kong Chinese primary school students and parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the perceptions of Chinese students and parents in Hong Kong on homework involvement, assignment type and homework functions. The relationships of homework perceptions to student and parent attributes are also assessed. The sample includes 1393 pairs of students and their parents from 36 primary schools in Hong Kong. Findings of this study show similarities in preference for

Vicky C. W. Tam; Raymond M. C. Chan

2011-01-01

460

The views of primary school 4th and 5th year students and teachers regarding entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, it is aimed to determine the views of students and teachers regarding entrepreneurship. The participants of this study consisted of children between 4,5 classes of different two primary schools. In this study, Teachers’ Views Regarding Entrepreneurship Form and Students’ Views Regarding Entrepreneurship Form were developed by the researchers in order to determine the views of students and

Sevda Aslan

2010-01-01

461

Teacher perspectives on implementing and sustaining a handwashing promotion intervention in Western Kenyan primary schools.  

PubMed

School-based handwashing programs are challenging to establish and sustain, especially in low-resource settings. This qualitative study described teacher perspectives associated with implementing and sustaining a handwashing program in primary schools participating in the Nyando Integrated Child Health and Education (NICHE) project. Structured key informant interviews were conducted with teachers. Prevalent concepts and themes were grouped into themes and topic areas using an iterative, open coding approach. Forty-one teacher respondents reported favorable expectations and benefits of handwashing programs. The importance of available resources (e.g., reliable water) was cited as a primary concern. Other challenges included time and personal or institutional financial commitment necessary to ensure program sustainability. Handwashing programs in low-income, rural schools, where infrastructure is lacking and "student ambassadors" extend the intervention to the surrounding community, hold great promise to improve community health. Teachers must have adequate support and resources to implement and sustain the programs. PMID:24928608

Graves, Janessa M; Finsness, Erica D; Quick, Robert; Nyando Integrated Child Health And Education Project Niche Study Team; Harris, Julie R; Daniell, William E

462

Prevalence of dental caries and associated teeth cleaning habits among children in four primary schools.  

PubMed

A study was conducted in four primary schools of Mehrauli block of rural Delhi. Four hundred and fifty eight primary school children of both sexes in the age group of 5-14+ were medically examined in daylight using a mouth mirror and probe. The children came from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Presence of clinical caries was recorded by naked eye examination. Dental caries prevalence was 33.19% and DMF index was 0.52. Teeth cleaning habits of the school children in terms of regularity and associated caries prevalence was also noted. The 'Regular' teeth cleaning group showed significantly less caries prevalence while 'Not Regular' and 'Never Cleaning' groups had higher caries prevalence. Since childhood is such an impressionable age all students were made aware of the need for proper oral hygiene to minimize the incidence of caries among them. PMID:3818166

Pandit, K; Kannan, A T; Sarna, A; Aggarwal, K

1986-12-01

463

Non Tuberculous Cutaneous Mycobacteriosis in a primary school in Rome: epidemiological and microbiological investigation.  

PubMed

During the school years 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 a total of 25 cases of Non Tuberculous Cutaneous Mycobacteriosis (NTCM) were notified in children attending the same school with a swimming pool in Rome. Environmental microbiological and epidemiological investigations (only for suspected outbreaks in 2009-2010) were conducted. We screened students with skin lesions, and environmental samples were collected from the school area and the swimming pool. During the school year 2009-10 18 cases were clinically identified among 514 primary school children (3.50%) and all cases attended the swimming pool. Only 2 out of 18 cultures were positive for Mycobacterium chelonae complex (Group III, M. abscessus). Attack Rate for swimming pool use was 13,10% (17/130), with a Relative Risk 54,70 (95% CI: 9,4 - ?). In February 2011 additional 7 cases of cutaneous NTM among children - who attended the same primary school and swimming pool were notified to the local public health authority followed by environmental microbiological investigation. Environmental samples were positive for NTM but not for M. abscessus. Mycobacteria are not included in water-quality criteria in Italy for this reason it is important to collect evidences of NTM cases caused by these infrequent pathogens, to be able to perform rapid risk assessment and to identify the best practices in prevention and management of such a risk. PMID:25001120

D'Ancona, F P; Kanitz, E E; Marinelli, L; Sinagra, J L; Prignano, G; Cerocchi, C; Bonadonna, L; Tortoli, E; Capitanio, B; Cottarelli, A; De Giusti, M

2014-01-01

464

Global Learning in Primary Schools in England: Practices and Impacts. Development Education Research Centre. Research Paper No. 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report focuses on the nature and impact on pupils of global learning in primary schools in England. It looks at what global learning and how it is practiced in the context of primary schools. It identifies factors which both encourage and limit global learning. It also explores how global learning can impact on children's learning and…

Frances, Hunt

2012-01-01

465

Participation of Primary School Pupils Who Stay at Institution of Social Services and Child Protection Dormitories in Social Science Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to understand to what extent primary school pupils who stay at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories participate in social science lessons. Data were obtained from pupils staying at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories and attending primary schools in Istanbul and…

Guven, Sibel; Sahin Taskin, Cigdem

2008-01-01

466

Investigating the Effects of Asthma Medication on the Cognitive and Psychosocial Functioning of Primary School Children with Asthma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of asthma medication on the cognitive and psychosocial functioning of primary school children with asthma are investigated. A questionnaire survey was conducted in a primary school in Stellenbosch (South Africa) with a population of six hundred and thirty-five students. Among these students, fifty-nine asthmatic children were…

Naude, H.; Pretorius, E.

2003-01-01

467

The Dinosaur in the Classroom: What We Stand to Lose through Ability-Grouping in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Embedding setting (subject-based ability-grouping) into the primary school environment creates structural conflict--physically and culturally--fundamentally changing the nature of primary schools through the imposition of secondary practices and cultures and the loss of pastoral care. This article examines the hidden implications for teachers and…

Marks, Rachel

2014-01-01

468

Instructional Leadership for Quality Learning: An Assessment of the Impact of the Primary School Management Development Project in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive study using questionnaires was conducted in 2004 to assess the effectiveness of instructional leadership displayed by primary school management teams following the implementation of the Primary School Management Project in Botswana. Leadership skills, Coordination of instructional activities, management of curriculum and quality of…

Pansiri, Nkobi Owen

2008-01-01

469

Self Efficacy and Some Demographic Variables as Predictors of Occupational Stress among Primary School Teachers in Delta State of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated self efficacy and some demographic variables as predictors of occupational stress among primary school teachers in Delta State. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design that utilized an expost-facto research type. A sample of one hundred and twenty primary school

Akpochafo, G. O.

2014-01-01

470

Intrinsic Motivation of Pre-service Primary School Teachers for Learning Chemistry in Relation to their Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our experience suggests that pre?service primary school teachers have problems with learning science, especially chemistry, and that this negative attitude towards science influences their future teaching. On that premise, the purpose of the study was to determine the level of the pre?service primary school teachers’ intrinsic motivation for learning science in relation to some other subjects. The focus of the

Mojca Jurisevic; Sasa Glazar; Cveta Razdevsek Pucko; Iztok Devetak

2008-01-01

471

Is the Earth Flat or Round? Primary School Children's Understandings of the Planet Earth: The Case of Turkish Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore primary school children's understandings about the shape of the Earth. The sample is consisted of 124 first-graders from five primary schools located in an urban city of Turkey. The data of the study were collected through children's drawings and semi-structured interviews. Results obtained from the drawings…

Ozsoy, Sibel

2012-01-01

472

An Ode to Joy … or the Sounds of Silence? An Exploration of Arts Education Policy in Australian Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arts are an integral and important component of our everyday lives. As such, they need to be a vital part of our children's education. However, this has rarely been the case in Australian state primary schools over the past two hundred years. This article explores the history of the arts in Australian state primary schools since the colonization of

Deirdre Russell-Bowie

2011-01-01

473

A Study on the Playing of Computer Games, Class Success and Attitudes of Parents to Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a descriptive study based on the screening model, and was conducted in order to inquire the effect of games and the relation between gender and class success variables and game preferences in primary school students. The universe of the study was the primary schools in city center in Province of Burdur and the sample group of the…

Pepe, Kadir

2011-01-01

474

Determinants of physical activity in primary school students using the health belief model  

PubMed Central

Background Thailand is a middle-income country in which two-thirds of children demonstrate an insufficient level of physical activity. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for obesity and many other health-related consequences in children. Thus, it is important to understand how primary school children perceive things in their daily life as determinants of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of cues, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers on the level of physical activity among primary school students. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand, in 2011. Multistage sampling selected a total of 123 primary school students. The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children and the Cues, Perceived Benefits, and Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire were used to assess the student levels of physical activity, as well as the perceived benefits, barriers, and cues to action. The association between these factors and the level of physical activity was determined by correlation statistics and confirmed by robust regression. Multivariate analysis of variance compared health belief model determinants: perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and cues to action on physical activity between male and female students. Self-administered questionnaires were validated and tested in a pilot study. Results The level of activity among primary school children was significantly influenced by perceived barriers, such as fear of strangers when playing outdoors, bad weather, and too much homework. However, activity was not influenced by cues to action or perceived benefits. Perceived benefits, barriers, and cues to physical activity did not differ by gender. Conclusion A safe environment and fewer barriers, such as amount of homework, could enhance physical activity in primary school children. PMID:23569383

Ar-yuwat, Sireewat; Clark, Mary Jo; Hunter, Anita; James, Kathy S

2013-01-01

475

Bullying and Victimization Experiences in Elementary School Students Nominated by Their Teachers for Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to investigate self-reported bullying and victimization experiences among students nominated by their teachers as meeting the criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). A total of 346 students attending the upper three grade-levels of Greek primary schools participated in the study. Fifty of them were identified by their…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Antoniadou, Nafsika

2013-01-01

476

Doctors in ancient Greek and Roman rhetorical education.  

PubMed

This article collects and examines all references to doctors in rhetorical exercises used in ancient Greek and Roman schools in the Roman Empire. While doctors are sometimes portrayed positively as philanthropic, expert practitioners of their divinely sanctioned art, they are more often depicted as facing charges for poisoning their patients. PMID:22492738

Gibson, Craig A

2013-10-01

477

Cypriot Primary School Principals' Understanding of Education for Sustainable Development Key Terms and Their Opinions about Factors Affecting Its Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Transformative leaders for sustainable schools", was a nationwide research project conducted in 150 primary schools in Cyprus during 2005-2007. The project explored the role of the principals in the organisation of sustainable schools. A mixed methods approach to data collection was employed combining quantitative and qualitative methods. This…

Zachariou, Aravella; Kadji-Beltran, Chrysanthi

2009-01-01

478

The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus  

PubMed Central

We characterize the statistical law according to which Italian primary school-size distributes. We find that the school-size can be approximated by a log-normal distribution, with a fat lower tail that collects a large number of very small schools. The upper tail of the school-size distribution decreases exponentially and the growth rates are distributed with a Laplace PDF. These distributions are similar to those observed for firms and are consistent with a Bose-Einstein preferential attachment process. The body of the distribution features a bimodal shape suggesting some source of heterogeneity in the school organization that we uncover by an in-depth analysis of the relation between schools-size and city-size. We propose a novel cluster methodology and a new spatial interaction approach among schools which outline the variety of policies implemented in Italy. Different regional policies are also discussed shedding lights on the relation between policy and geographical features. PMID:24954714

Belmonte, Alessandro; Di Clemente, Riccardo; Buldyrev, Sergey V.

2014-01-01

479

Increasing the number of female primary school teachers in African countries: Effects, barriers and policies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Girls' education has been a high development priority for decades. While some progress has been made, girls are often still at a great disadvantage, especially in developing countries, and most especially in African countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, less than half of primary school teachers and only a quarter of secondary school teachers are women, and enrolment figures for girls are low. One common policy prescription is to increase the number of women teachers, especially in the many countries where teaching remains a predominantly male profession. This policy prescription needs to be backed by more evidence in order to significantly increase and improve its effective implementation. The available research seems to suggest that girls are more likely to enrol in schools where there are female teachers. Moreover, increasing the number of trained teachers in sub-Saharan Africa depends on more girls completing their school education. To date, however, there has been no comprehensive literature review analysing the effects of being taught by women teachers on girls' educational experience. This paper aims to make a start on filling this gap by examining the evidence on the effects in primary schools, especially in African countries. It also identifies and examines the barriers women face in becoming and staying teachers, and considers policies to remedy their situation.

Haugen, Caitlin S.; Klees, Steven J.; Stromquist, Nelly P.; Lin, Jing; Choti, Truphena; Corneilse, Carol

2014-11-01

480

Turkish Preservice Primary School Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs and Attitudes toward Science: The Effect of a Primary Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a primary teacher education program in improving science teaching efficacy beliefs (personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancy beliefs) of preservice primary school teachers. The study also investigated whether the program has an effect on student…

Bayraktar, Sule

2011-01-01

481

The Place of Creativity in Pakistani Primary Education System: An Investigation into the Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting Primary School Children's Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented in this book provides a baseline analysis of the extent to which the primary education system in Pakistan is capable of enhancing or inhibiting children's creativity. It involved 1008 primary schools who participated in a survey, 154 children who took the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, and classroom observation in 16…

Shaheen, Robina

2011-01-01

482

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before the implementation of an innovative sexual health intervention in 58 of the schools. Methods: A cross sectional survey of primary school pupils in rural Tanzania was carried out. The study population comprised pupils registered in years 4 to 6 of 121 primary schools in 20 rural communities in 1998. Basic demographic information was collected from all pupils seen. Those born before 1 January 1985 (aged approximately 14 years and over) were invited to participate in the survey, and asked about their knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health issues, and their sexual experience. A urine specimen was requested and tested for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and, for females, pregnancy. Results: 9283 pupils born before 1 January 1985 were enrolled and provided demographic information and a urine sample. Male pupils were significantly older than females (mean age 15.5 years v 14.8 years, p<0.001), but all other demographic characteristics were similar between the sexes. 14 (0.2%) of the enrolled pupils (four male and 10 female) were HIV positive, 83 (0.9%) were positive for CT, and 12 (0.1%) for NG. 32 female pupils (0.8%) were positive by pregnancy test. Sexual experience was reported by one fifth of primary school girls, and by almost half of boys. Only 45/114 (39%) girls with biological markers of sexual activity reported having had sex. Conclusions: HIV, CT, NG, and pregnancy were present though at relatively low levels among pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary school. A high proportion of pupils with a biological marker of sexual activity denied ever having had sex. Alternative ways of collecting sensitive data about the sexual behaviour of school pupils should be explored. PMID:14755033

Todd, J; Changalucha, J; Ross, D; Mosha, F; Obasi, A; Plummer, M; Balira, R; Grosskurth, H; Mabey, D; Hayes, R

2004-01-01

483

Progression in primary school children's conceptions of burning: Toward an understanding of the concept of substance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Children's conceptions of burning were explored through observation and discussion or a number of challenging phenomena. Analysis of written responses showed that children's conceptions are both specific and contextually based, and that there is little coherence in the use of any one conception across phenomena. Progression across the primary school years can be described, however, in terms of children's growing confidence with the idea of transformation of substances and the analysis relates this to a model based on changing commitments to the notion of substance defined by properties, rather than history. The conceptual trajectories described in the study are broadly consistent with previous studies of secondary school children.

Rahayu, Sri; Tytler, Russell

1999-09-01

484

The effect of increased primary schooling on adult women's HIV status in Malawi and Uganda: Universal Primary Education as a natural experiment.  

PubMed

This paper explores the causal relationship between primary schooling and adult HIV status in Malawi and Uganda, two East African countries with some of the highest HIV infection rates in the world. Using data from the 2010 Malawi Demographic Health Survey and the 2011 Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey, the paper takes advantage of a natural experiment, the implementation of Universal Primary Education policies in the mid 1990s. An instrumented regression discontinuity approach is used to model the relationship between increased primary schooling and adult women's HIV status. Results indicate that a one-year increase in schooling decreases the probability of an adult woman testing positive for HIV by 0.06 (p < 0.01) in Malawi and by 0.03 (p < 0.05) in Uganda. These results are robust to a variety of model specifications. In a series of supplementary analyses a number of potential pathways through which such effects may occur are explored. Findings indicate increased primary schooling positively affects women's literacy and spousal schooling attainment in Malawi and age of marriage and current household wealth in Uganda. However primary schooling has no effect on recent (adult) sexual behavior. PMID:24985789

Behrman, Julia Andrea

2015-02-01

485

[Greek nannies in Rome?].  

PubMed

In Roman society, parents often entrusted their newborn to a wet nurse, usually a slave or a lower-class freeborn woman, who normally lived with them. It was advised to choose with care the right person, as milk is not a neutral bodily substance but transmits many properties, physical and moral. Soranus devotes an entire chapter to the meticulous inspection of the nurse's milk and temper. The nurse's character must be checked as thoroughly as her physical health. The mind of the newborn, compared with wax, is from the start and forever impressed positively or negatively. Mnesitheus and others even advise choosing a woman resembling physically the mother, or a handsome person; Favorinus and others reject violently the recourse to wet nursing as immoral; submitting the child to the pernicious influence of a foreign non-kin person implies the destruction of family ties. Wet nurses had to follow a specific diet and to accept giving up their sexual life, which would corrupt the milk in case of a new pregnancy. Roman upper-class families attributed different qualities to nurses according to their ethnic origin: Egyptians were allegedly fond of children, Thracians robust and devoted, Spartans tough. The best were the Greeks, because they would teach Greek language - and culture - to their nurslings. The nurse's social function was extensive. Her role did not stop at the weaning period. Much evidence shows that she was a lifelong companion. In positive circumstances, she could construct non-kin relationships and became, through connections not of blood but of milk, a member of an extended family. Funerary inscriptions and literary sources show that some nurses were rewarded by freedom. Breast-feeding also created milk-ties between the nurslings, who could gain social elevation thanks to this bonding. PMID:21744536

Dasen, Véronique

2010-01-01

486

Need of School Technology Adviser of Primary and Secondary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating ICT into educational activities is one of the major requirements of today's educational settings. In this context, educational institutions have confronted some issues such as technology use, following innovations, constant help and support. Therefore, they need school technology adviser or advisers which provide constant help and…

Kuzu, Abdullah

2007-01-01

487

Communication Between Home and School About Children With Autistic Spectrum Disorder in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

nternational and Australian studies have reported growing scrutiny of communication between home and school. Increased reliance on negotiated curriculum for all students generally and for students with disabilities specifically, has increased the urgent need to investigate this communication. In particular, the pervasive but person-specific effects of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) on student learning require collaborative program design matched to the

Anthony Stanley; Wendi Beamish; Fiona Bryer

488

Aggression in Primary Schools: The Predictive Power of the School and Home Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we analyse the predictive power of home and school environment-related factors for determining pupils' aggression. The multiple regression analyses are performed for fourth- and eighth-grade pupils based on the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007 (N = 8394) and TIMSS 2011 (N = 9415) databases for Slovenia. At…

Kozina, Ana

2015-01-01

489

Snoring in primary school children and domestic environment: A Perth school based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The home is the predominant environment for exposure to many environmental irritants such as air pollutants and allergens. Exposure to common indoor irritants including volatile organic compounds, formaldehyde and nitrogen dioxide, may increase the risk of snoring for children. The aim of this study was to investigate domestic environmental factors associated with snoring in children. METHODS: A school-based respiratory

Guicheng Zhang; Jeffery Spickett; Krassi Rumchev; Andy H Lee; Stephen Stick

2004-01-01

490

Prevalence and determinants of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Childhood obesity has increased dramatically and has become a public health concern worldwide. Childhood obesity is likely to persist through adulthood and may lead to early onset of NCDs. However, there is paucity of data on obesity among primary school children in Tanzania. This study assessed the prevalence and determinants of obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted among school age children in randomly selected schools in Dar es Salaam. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were taken using standard procedures. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (kg/m2). Child obesity was defined as BMI at or above 95th percentile for age and sex. Socio-demographic characteristics of children were determined using a structured questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to determine association between independent variables with obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam. Results A total of 446 children were included in the analysis. The mean age of the participants was 11.1±2.0 years and 53.1% were girls. The mean BMI, SBP and DBP were 16.6±4.0 kg/m2, 103.9±10.3mmHg and 65.6±8.2mmHg respectively. The overall prevalence of child obesity was 5.2% and was higher among girls (6.3%) compared to boys (3.8%). Obese children had significantly higher mean values for age (p=0.042), systolic and diastolic blood pressures (all p<0.001). Most obese children were from households with fewer children (p=0.019) and residing in urban areas (p=0.002). Controlling for other variables, age above 10 years (AOR=3.3, 95% CI=1.5-7.2), female sex (AOR=2.6, 95% CI=1.4-4.9), urban residence (AOR=2.5, 95% CI=1.2-5.3) and having money to spend at school (AOR=2.6, 95% CI=1.4-4.8) were significantly associated with child obesity. Conclusions The prevalence of childhood obesity in this population was found to be low. However, children from urban schools and girls were proportionately more obese compared to their counterparts. Primary preventive measures for childhood obesity should start early in childhood and address socioeconomic factors of parents contributing to childhood obesity. PMID:24094276

2013-01-01

491

Prevalence of osteochondritis among preparatory and primary school children in an Egyptian governorate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epiphyseal osteochondritis is a localized disorder in childhood. Vascular insufficiency is thought to be the most significant\\u000a etiologic factor. This study had been carried on Primary and Preparatory school children in Zagazig City and surrounding villages\\u000a in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt. Total number of studied children were 16,060, 7,380 males, 8,680 females. The mean age was\\u000a 11.41 ± 1.99. Our results showed that

Amany M. Abou El-Soud; Hala A. Gaballa; Manal Abdo Ali

492

Change in body mass index in Australian primary school children, 1985–1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an important, potentially modifiable risk factor for a range of concurrent and later morbidities. Despite concerns about recent increases in children's body mass index (BMI), supporting data in Australia (as elsewhere) are scant.OBJECTIVE: To seek anthropometric evidence of a recent secular increase in BMI in primary school children in Victoria, Australia.DESIGN: Data from two cross-sectional population-based

R Lazarus; M Wake; K Hesketh; E Waters

2000-01-01

493

Effects of indoor air pollution on lung function of primary school children in Kuala Lumpur  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study of 7-12 year-old primary school children in Kuala Lumpur city, lung function was assessed by spirometric and peak expiratory flow measurements. Spirometric and peak expiratory flow measurements were successfully performed in 1,214 and 1,414 children, respectively. As expected, the main predictors of forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced expiratory flow

B. H. O. Azizi; R. L. Henry

1990-01-01

494

Science teaching self-efficacy in a primary school: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bandura's theory of self-efficacy predicts that teachers with high, self-efficacy should persist longer, provide a greater\\u000a academic focus in child-centred classrooms and exhibit different types of feedback than teachers who have lower self-efficacy.\\u000a This paper reports on the science teaching self-efficacy in a group of teachers at a state primary school. The research was\\u000a conducted in two stages using firstly

Jenny de Laat; James J. Watters

1995-01-01

495

Turn-taking in classroom interactions: Overlapping, interruptions and pauses in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the rhythm and the management of classroom interaction as an important constituent of a teaching-learning\\u000a process. Twenty-three lessons in 12 classes (four 2nd grades, four 3rd grades and four 4th grades) of state primary schools\\u000a spread all over Italy were observed and video taped for a total of 15 hours. The descriptive analysis of the collected data

Barbara Maroni; Augusto Gnisci; Clotilde Pontecorvo

2008-01-01

496

Change in Social Selection to Upper Secondary School—Primary and Secondary Effects in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inequality of educational opportunity (IEO) depends on two separate mechanisms: children from advantaged social backgrounds perform better at school—primary effects—and tend more than others to choose to continue in education—secondary effects. IEO in the transition from compulsory to academic upper secondary education has earlier been shown to have decreased in Sweden since the middle of the 20th century. We investigate

Robert Erikson; Frida Rudolphi

2010-01-01

497

Standard Modern Greek and Greek-Cypriot Dialect in Kindergarten Classroom Interaction: Teachers' and Learners' Language Attitudes and Language Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates language use and language attitudes in state kindergarten education in Cyprus. Kindergarten education is the primary setting where Greek-Cypriots learn to employ the standard variety on a systematic basis. Consequently, the context of kindergarten education is a principal setting for examining language attitudes and…

Sophocleous, Andry; Wilks, Clarissa

2010-01-01

498

Environmental education in Tobago's primary schools: a case study of coral reef education.  

PubMed

Environmental education is a relatively new area on the primary school curriculum of Trinidad and Tobago. Because of the close relationship between human activities and the degradation of the natural environment in Tobago, environmental education will become increasingly important to the preservation and conservation of the island's fragile natural resources. Current teaching methods rely heavily on text books and utilise a lecture style that does not promote student interaction. Unfortunately, these methods are not very conducive to environmental education. As such, this paper examines a pilot program in which staff from the Buccoo Reef Trust taught students from 15 primary schools about coral reefs using interactive tools and hands-on methods as described in People & Corals: an Education Package for Primary Schools (People & Corals). The pilot program ran over an eight week period with prepared lessons being taught every two weeks and student evaluations taking place once before the first lesson and once after the last lesson. The lessons were supplemented with a field trip to a coral reef ecosystem. Despite several challenges that were faced in the implementation process, the overall outcome of the pilot program was successful. Teachers and students reacted positively to the information that was being shared, thereby reinforcing the effectiveness of using a dynamic, active method of teaching to advance environmental education. PMID:17465162

Armstrong, Hyacinth G

2005-05-01

499

Educational Professionals' Experiences of Self-Harm in Primary School Children: "You Don't Really Believe, unless You See It"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study concerning educational professionals' understandings of self-harm in primary school children. There is little research available about self-harm in primary-school aged children, and literature searches for the current study have revealed no research on primary school professionals' understandings of…

Simm, Rebecca; Roen, Katrina; Daiches, Anna

2008-01-01

500

The Relationship of Acculturation and Gender to Attitudes toward Counseling in Italian and Greek American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes towards receiving professional services were measured among Italian American and Greek American college students (N=232) attending schools in the Northeast. Italian American women had greater recognition of the need for help and increased confidence in counseling than the men did. Greek women were also more willing to seek counseling.…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Rao, Vincent; Zweig, Julie; Rieger, Brian P.; Schaefer, Kristin; Michelakou, Sophie; Armenia, Carolyn; Goldstein, Harold

2001-01-01