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1

Dietary Habits of Greek Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess Greek primary (1st to 6th grade) school children's dietary habits and the factors influencing them. Our results show that children know the value of different foods. The socio-economic status of father has no effect on the attitude of children towards choosing their diet, however, mothers' educational status…

Piperakis, S. M.; Papadimitriou, V.; Zafiropoulou, M.; Piperakis, A. S.; Zisis, P.

2007-01-01

2

Dietary Habits of Greek Primary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess Greek primary (1st to 6th grade) school children’s dietary habits and the factors\\u000a influencing them. Our results show that children know the value of different foods. The socio-economic status of father has\\u000a no effect on the attitude of children towards choosing their diet, however, mothers’ educational status appears to have an\\u000a effect

S. M. Piperakis; V. Papadimitriou; M. Zafiropoulou; A. S. Piperakis; P. Zisis

2007-01-01

3

Dietary Habits of Greek Primary School Children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to assess Greek primary (1st to 6th grade) school children's dietary habits and the factors influencing them. Our results show that children know the value of different foods. The socio-economic status of father has no effect on the attitude of children towards choosing their diet, however, mothers' educational status appears to have an effect on their children's behaviour. Place of residence (urban or semi-rural areas) and gender does not influence their knowledge about different diets. It was, finally, shown that as children grow older they tend to eat less healthy foods.

Piperakis, S. M.; Papadimitriou, V.; Zafiropoulou, M.; Piperakis, A. S.; Zisis, P.

2007-06-01

4

Understanding Greek Primary School Children's Comprehension of Sun Exposure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses Greek primary school children's understanding of sun exposure during summer vacation. Results indicate that children know the damaging effects of long time exposure and the precautions that should be taken during summer bathing. (Author/SOE)

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Papadimitriou, Vasiliki; Piperakis, Michael M.; Zisis, Panagiotis

2003-01-01

5

Experiencing Multiculturalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of a monocultural and monolingual education system, this paper seeks to explore and compare the experiences of Cypriot and non-Cypriot pupils in Greek-Cypriot primary schools with culturally diverse pupil populations. The concept of multiculturalism has been introduced only very recently in Cyprus and there has been little…

Partasi, Evgenia

2011-01-01

6

A Phenomenographic Study of Greek Primary School Students' Representations Concerning Technology in Daily Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigated and studied students' representations about daily life technologies, in a prospect of studying technology in Greek primary education. In the research participated 60 Greek primary school students aged 9 to 12 years old. Research data were collected through semi-structured, personal, clinical-type interviews. Each…

Solomonidou, Christina; Tassios, Athanassios

2007-01-01

7

A phenomenographic study of Greek primary school students’ representations concerning technology in daily life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research investigated and studied students' representations about daily life technologies, in a prospect of studying technology in Greek primary education. In the research participated 60 Greek primary school students aged 9 to 12 years old. Re- search data were collected through semi-structured, personal, clinical-type interviews. Each interview investigated student's conceptions and views about the following thematic areas: the

Christina Solomonidou; Athanassios Tassios

2007-01-01

8

The Role of Teaching Poetry in Developing Literacy in Greek Primary School: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study is to examine the ways in which the systematic teaching of poetry reading at Greek primary school enhances children's interest in reading and helps develop their oral skills by enriching their vocabulary and creative thinking. The present poetry project was implemented at a Greek public kindergarten in Rethymno,…

Aravani, Evagelia

2012-01-01

9

Attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without special educational needs to inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in school settings depends largely on the attitudes of parents of peers without SEN. The purpose of the present study was to explore the attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without SEN towards inclusion. The participants were 338 parents (182 fathers, 156 mothers), aged 27 to 58 years (mean

Efrosini Kalyva; Maria Georgiadi; Vlastaris Tsakiris

2007-01-01

10

Job Satisfaction: Factor Analysis of Greek Primary School Principals' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that affect the level of job satisfaction that school principals experience and, based on the findings, to suggest policies or techniques for improving it. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires were administered to 180 primary school heads in 13 prefectures--one from each of…

Saiti, Anna; Fassoulis, Konstantinos

2012-01-01

11

School Knowledge, Cross-Curricularity and Teamwork Teaching in the Greek Primary School: Mathematics Education as Discursive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through analysis of exercises offered in mathematics textbooks, this article investigates the discursive practice of cross-curricularity and group work teaching that was advocated in the 2007 reform of mathematics education in Greek primary schools. The conclusion of the research is that the organisation of school knowledge is vertical, and strong…

Nikolakaki, Maria; Dossa, Katerina; Moraiti, Tzeni

2012-01-01

12

Sexuality and Relationships Education in the Greek Primary Schools--See No Evil, Hear No Evil, Speak No Evil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although sexuality and relationships education is recommended as one of the targets of school health education projects in Greece, implementation seems to be problematic. This article discusses findings from a survey on Greek primary school teachers, particularly their opinion on the suitability of primary schools for sexuality education, whether…

Gerouki, Margarita

2007-01-01

13

Children's Construction and Experience of Racism and Nationalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings that highlight children's construction and experience of racism and nationalism among a sample of Greek-Cypriot (the majority) and Turkish-speaking (the minority) children in Greek-Cypriot schools through the lens of intersectionality theory. The article first reviews previous work in relation to children, racism and…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2010-01-01

14

Exploring Primary Children's Views and Experiences of the School Ground: The Case of a Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the use of a conventional school ground of a primary school and its potential as a space for creative play and environmental learning. Children's play behavior and views of the school ground are explored, as well as their vision for its improvement. The research constitutes part of a wider school ground project and was…

Christidou, Vasilia; Tsevreni, Irida; Epitropou, Maria; Kittas, Constantinos

2013-01-01

15

Understanding Nutrition: A Study of Greek Primary School Children Dietary Habits, Before and After Classroom Nutrition Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was first to assess and then to improve the diet of Greek primary school children teaching them healthy dietary habits and instructing them to face critically advertisements and media projected dietary models using a program which included intervention on cognitive, emotional, and social level. The results show that our intervention was more effective on the

Stylianos M. Piperakis; Apostolos Sotiriou; Evanthia Georgiou; Ageliki Thanou; Maria Zafiropoulou

2004-01-01

16

Greek Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Current Environmental Issues: An Exploration of Their Environmental Knowledge and Images of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena.…

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-01-01

17

Good Schooling as the Outcome of the Interaction between Children and Teachers in Greek Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogic and educational circles nowadays consider the school environment, related to its quality, to be the soul and essence of school, which is conducive to students and teachers feeling endless love for their school. Schools usually pursue emotional and social results positively affecting cognitive outcomes. The objective of this research is…

Babalis, Thomas; Trilianos, Athanasios; Stavrou, Nektarios A.; Koutouvela, Christina; Tsoli, Konstantina; Alexopoulos, Nikolaos

2012-01-01

18

Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

2015-01-01

19

Views of Nature and the Human-Nature Relations: An Analysis of the Visual Syntax of Pictures about the Environment in Greek Primary School Textbooks--Diachronic Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the function of the visual syntax of images in Greek primary school textbooks. By using a model for the formal analysis of the visual material, which will allow us to disclose the mechanisms through which meanings are manifested, our aim is to investigate the discursive transition relating to the view of nature and the…

Lemoni, Rea; Lefkaditou, Ageliki; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Schizas, Dimitrios; Stamou, George P.

2013-01-01

20

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However, specific purposes may reflect specific and prescriptive terms for using historical materials. Our work aims to show up this aspect. It is an attempt to make elements of the history of astronomy involved in the elaboration of a training session for future primary school teachers. Here, ancients' Greek and Chinese historical elements are chosen and organized according to specific educational and conceptual constraints that include the construction of the quasi-parallelism of solar rays reaching Earths' surface, and the spontaneous modeling of the propagation of Sunlight leaning on divergent rays. This leads to an original teaching sequence were historical elements are mixed with non historical ones. This organization forms the support of a pre-service training session developed for future primary school teachers. This session aims to provide future teachers with elementary cosmological knowledge (parallelism of Sunrays, shape and size of the Earth, Sun-Earth distance…), to provide some reference marks of history of ancient cosmologies (spherical and flat Earth) resulting from two distinct contexts, and to approach some aspects associated with Nature of Science (NOS).

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-04-01

21

Developing Greek Primary School Students' Critical Thinking through an Approach of Teaching Science which Incorporates Aspects of History of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the development of sixth grade students' critical thinking skills in science courses is discussed relatively to the contribution of the integration of aspects of History of Science into instruction. Towards this direction a project on electromagnetism was designed and implemented aiming to engage primary school students in a…

Malamitsa, Katerina; Kasoutas, Michael; Kokkotas, Panagiotis

2009-01-01

22

Pushed to the Margins--Sex and Relationships in Greek Primary Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Greek Government introduced sex and gender relationships education as a thematic unit for interdisciplinary Health Education activities. However, the diffusion of such programmes remains extremely limited. The present paper discusses how sex and relationships issues are presented in contemporary Greek primary school textbooks since…

Gerouki, Margarita

2008-01-01

23

008. Prevalence of TB infection in Greek first—grade primary school students during the last 15 years  

PubMed Central

Objective To monitor the changing prevalence of latent TB infection in first-grade primary school students over the last 15 years [1998-2013] in the county of Kavala in Greece, we recorded the Tuberculosis index (TB index) which represented the percentage of the population with a positive Mantoux Tuberculin Skin Test (TST). Methods The TST was performed in 8,671 6-year-old first-grade primary school students in the county of Kavala during a national TB screening campaign. Purified Phymatin Derivative (0.5 UI/0.1 mL/Pasteur Institute) was intradermally injected in the volar aspect of the children’s forearm. After 48 hours the TST was interpreted mainly by palpation, measuring only the induration and not the erythema. A positive TST was recorded when the diameter of the induration was ?10 mm, transversely to the long axis of the forearm. Results The TB index of the last fifteen years averaged 0.081. The highest value (0.56) was recorded during the school year 1999-2000. Conclusions After detailed data analysis, a progressive reduction of the TB index was recorded which represented a reduction of the incidence of latent TB infection in the primary school students’ population of the county of Kavala. All children with a positive Mantoux test were referred to the Department of Pediatrics of our General Hospital for further examinations, including their house hold and close contacts, which proved negative for active disease at that time. The Statistical Analysis of children may prove useful in making estimates of the incidence and future trends of TB infection in the general population.

Filippidou, Elisabeth-Christina; Ioannidis, Vasilios; Liolios, Emanuel; Kalkantzi, Athanasia; Tsouknida, Ekaterini; Politis, Alexis; Charalampous, Polimnia; Argiriadou, Theodora; Dellaporta, Aspasia

2015-01-01

24

An In Service Training Course, (INSET) on ICT Pedagogy in Classroom Instruction for the Greek Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To meet the increasing demand for change in the incorporation of ICT in education the Greek Ministry of Education and the Institute of Educational Policy of Greece, launched a nationwide project of in-service training (INSET) of teachers of the second level, training of teachers in the use and evaluation of ICT pedagogy in classroom instruction.…

Amanatidis, Nikolaos

2014-01-01

25

Bully/Victim Problems and Their Association with Machiavellianism and Self-Efficacy in Greek Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous research demonstrated that Machiavellian beliefs are linked with bully/victim problems at school. However, Machiavellianism was treated as a single construct and not as multidimensional. Children's perceptions of self-efficacy in both social and academic domains have been related to conflictual peer interactions but not…

Andreou, E.

2004-01-01

26

Sex education and family planning messages in Greek school books.  

PubMed

The Greek Family Planning Association (GFPA) completed in march 1990 a 3-year effort to evaluate whether sex education was an integral part of the school curricula. It was reported by a representative of the Pedagogical Institute in the Ministry of Education and Religion that important efforts have been made. The findings were presented at the 2nd Sex Education and Health seminar in March, 1990. Greek primary schools have 1 teacher for all lessons; but specialists in various fields of the secondary school curricula. Primary school books have various references and pictures on human reproduction. Equality of the sexes socially and culturally is represented, as well as good health messages on nutrition and hygiene. Noticeably absent, however, is any reference to human sexuality, nude human body or sex organ pictures, or other non-traditional family models. Family planning and contraception are also missing; teacher training or special courses are needed. Secondary school books have clear but limited messages. For example, there is a whole page on the philosophy and aims of family planning, but parenthood is only presented in the context of traditional marriage without contraception. It is recommended that legislative support be engaged to insure that sex education programs are systematic, age-specific, and a continuous activity from the primary level. Another important role in the implementation and curriculum development of sex education is one played by teachers and health professionals, those in touch with young people. GFPA needs to compile basic guidelines for those teaching sex education. PMID:12343171

Frisiras, S; Lagiou, A; Sourtzi, P; Vidalaki, M

1991-05-01

27

Acculturation and adaptation of immigrant adolescents in Greek urban schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the acculturation, psychological well?being, and school adjustment of Pontian adolescents from the former Soviet Union (FSU?Pontians), who are immigrants of the diaspora living in Greece, compared with an immigrant group from Albania and native Greek classmates. The sample included 165 FSU?Pontian immigrants, 272 immigrants from Albania, and their 525 Greek classmates (mean

Vassilis Pavlopoulos; Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2008-01-01

28

DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN GREEK SCHOOL BUILDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the framework of an European project concerning the energy management system, a Greek school has been selected for the development, introduction and implementation of an energy management system. A data acquisition system has been installed and a methodology concerning the energy consumption of the school has been developed. The energy consumption comprises the fuel oil for space heating and

Petros Axaopoulos

29

Gross motor ability of native Greek, Roma, and Roma immigrant school-age children in Greece.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to estimate and compare gross motor ability of children aged 7 to 10 years, all from Roma minority families (Romas, Roma immigrants) and families of indigenous Greeks. The sample consisted of 180 hildren (60 natives, 60 Romas, 60 Roma immigrants) studying in Greek public primary schools. The Test of Gross Motor Development scores showed that the group of indigenous Greek children had significantly higher performance in terms of locomotion skills, handling skills, and general motor ability compared to the groups of Roma and Roma immigrant children. No statistically significant differences were observed between the two other groups. These findings might be attributed to less participation of minority children in organized physical activities in and outside school, as well as to the reduced parental encouragement for attending related activities. PMID:21466101

Tsimaras, Vasilios; Arzoglou, Despina; Fotiadou, Eleni; Kokaridas, Dimitrios; Kotzamanidou, Marianna; Angelopoulou, Nikoletta; Bassa, Eleni

2011-02-01

30

Greek Secondary School Students' Views about Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to give a picture of Greek students' views about biology and some of the factors that affect them. A questionnaire measuring students' intrinsic motivation to learn biology, individual interest in biology and perceived difficulty of biology, along with information about students' gender, level, parents' occupation and educational…

Mavrikaki, Evangelia; Koumparou, Helen; Kyriakoudi, Margarita; Papacharalampous, Irene; Trimandili, Maria

2012-01-01

31

Greek Theatre: A Reflection of Ancient Greek Society (A Program Alternative for High School Gifted Students). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, the paper describes a high school curriculum that examines the Greek theatre as a reflection of Greek society. The unit is designed to provide academic substance while developing higher level critical thinking skills. Following a brief introduction on the integration of theatre…

Girard, M. Phyllis

32

Acculturation and adaptation of immigrant adolescents in Greek urban schools.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the acculturation, psychological well-being, and school adjustment of Pontian adolescents from the former Soviet Union (FSU-Pontians), who are immigrants of the diaspora living in Greece, compared with an immigrant group from Albania and native Greek classmates. The sample included 165 FSU-Pontian immigrants, 272 immigrants from Albania, and their 525 Greek classmates (mean age = 13.7 years). School adjustment data were obtained using multiple methods and informants. Students also reported their subjective well-being and acculturation via multiple measures. Findings indicated that FSU-Pontian adolescents, although they are Greek citizens, had a stronger ethnic and a lower host-national orientation than did Albanian students. Both immigrant groups experienced similar difficulties in school adjustment. Involvement in Greek culture was a salient predictor of school adjustment, while involvement in one's ethnic culture was related to subjective well-being. Findings suggest that the acculturation expectations of host country members may be related to immigrants' acculturation orientations. PMID:22023499

Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso; Pavlopoulos, Vassilis; Obradovi?, Jelena; Masten, Ann S

2008-02-01

33

What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas

2011-01-01

34

The Integration of Traditional Greek Dance in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper researches the statutory educational regulations used as a foundation to introduce traditional Greek dance in the school curriculum and which transformed it into a taught subject with connections to the ideological-political and social conditions prevalent in Greece at the time. It particularly concerns the connection between the aims…

Gartzonika, Eleftheria

2013-01-01

35

Who Carries the National Flag?: The Politics of Cultural Identity in the Increasingly Multicultural Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change in the composition of the school population as a result of the extensive influx of immigrants in Greece has brought in a recurrent controversy on the issue of allowing non-Greek citizen to carry the national flag, the Greek's most cherished national emblem, as a reward for an excellent school performance. When a state legislator, many…

Mattheou, Dimitrios; Roussakis, Yiannis; Theocharis, Dimitris

2006-01-01

36

Ottoman Greek Education System and Greek Girls' Schools in Istanbul (19th and 20th Centuries)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modernization efforts in education, which were initiated in the 19th century, can be seen as forerunners of the modernization attempts in the Republic period. In this article, Greek education system in the Ottoman Empire will be discussed and the effects and importance of the changes observed in Greek girls' education in 19th and 20th centuries on…

Daglar Macar, Oya

2010-01-01

37

The Anthropogenic "Greenhouse Effect": Greek Prospective Primary Teachers' Ideas about Causes, Consequences and Cures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the ideas of Greek prospective primary teachers about the anthropogenic greenhouse effect, particularly about its causes, consequences and cures. For this purpose, a survey was conducted: 265 prospective teachers completed a closed-form questionnaire. The results showed serious misconceptions in all areas (causes, consequences…

Ikonomidis, Simos; Papanastasiou, Dimitris; Melas, Dimitris; Avgoloupis, Stavros

2012-01-01

38

Philosophy in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article is a critical discussion of the aims behind the teaching of philosophy in British primary schools. It begins by reviewing the recent Special Issue of the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" Vol 45 Issue 2 2011 on "Philosophy for Children in Transition", so as to see what light this might throw on the topic just mentioned. The result…

White, John

2012-01-01

39

A Qualitative Study Investigating Gender Differences in Primary Work Stressors and Levels of Job Satisfaction in Greek Junior Hospital Doctors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary work stressors and job satisfaction/dissatisfaction in Greek Junior Hospital Doctors (JHDs) are investigated to identify similarities and differences in the reports obtained from male and female hospital doctors. Participants in the study included 32 male and 28 female Greek hospital doctors who provided information through…

Antoniou, Alexander-Stamatios; Cooper, Cary L.; Davidson, Marilyn J.

2008-01-01

40

The influence of school leadership styles and culture on students' achievement in Cyprus primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine the validation of both the model of direct effects and the model of indirect effects of principals' leadership on student academic achievement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A longitudinal study was conducted in which 22 schools, 55 classes and 1,224 Cypriot primary students participated. Specifically, achievements in Greek Language and Mathematics were assessed at the beginning

Andreas Kythreotis; Petros Pashiardis; Leonidas Kyriakides

2010-01-01

41

Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

2005-01-01

42

Exploring the Reality of Applied Partnerships: The Case of the Greek School Health Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore the barriers and facilitators of building partnerships in terms of the national school health education (SHE) curriculum in Greek secondary education. Setting: One large urban public secondary school, local authorities and external partners. Methods: A single case study, adopting an ethnographic approach, sought to record and…

Soultatou, Pelagia; Duncan, Peter

2009-01-01

43

The Transition from School to the University under Restricted Entry: A Greek Tracer Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that examined patterns of access to Greek universities among 500 high school graduates found a strong but unsatisfied demand for higher education, high preparatory school costs for families, and inequity in the distribution of available university places. (Author/MSE)

Papas, George; Psacharopoulos, George

1987-01-01

44

Constructing Childhood: Discourses about School Violence in the Greek Daily Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the construction of discourses about childhood in the Greek daily press. It employs the theoretical frameworks of the new sociology of childhood and critical discourse analysis to question which discourses of childhood are constructed in the daily press presenting cases where children were the victimisers in school violent…

Avgitidou, Sofia; Stamou, Anastasia G.

2013-01-01

45

Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of a Resilience Measure in Greek Elementary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to adapt the Resilience Youth Development Module (RYDM) and assess its psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency and convergent validity in Greek elementary students. Participants (N = 346) completed a battery of self-report questionnaires, including the RYDM, School Connectedness Scale, and Strengths and…

Nearchou, Finiki A.; Stogiannidou, Ariadni; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris

2014-01-01

46

The Ideas of Greek High School Students about the "Ozone Layer."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of Greek high school students' (n=116) perceptions of the ozone layer. Finds that students have a good understanding of the position and purpose of the ozone layer in terms of protection from ultraviolet rays, but students also hold misconceptions linking the ozone layer to the greenhouse effect and other forms of local…

Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Papantoniou, Vasso Spiliotopoulou

1999-01-01

47

How Can a Traditional Greek Dances Programme Affect the Motor Proficiency of Pre-School Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to investigate the effect of an introductory traditional Greek dances programme on the motor proficiency development of pre-school-age children. The sample of this research consisted of 66 students (36 boys and 30 girls) attending public kindergarten in Argolida prefecture (Greece), aged 4-6 years (X = 59.79 plus or…

Venetsanou, Fotini; Kambas, Antonis

2004-01-01

48

Visual representations of the internet in greek school textbooks and students’ experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our research is concerned with the visual representations found in textbooks used for the teaching of the Internet in Greek\\u000a secondary schools. Visualization, as both the product and the process of creation, interpretation and reflection upon pictures\\u000a and images, is considered here to be very important, as it is the only way students gain insight into the nature and function

Vasiliki Spiliotopoulou-Papantoniou; Anthi Karatrantou; Chris Panagiotakopoulos; Gerasimos Koustourakis

2009-01-01

49

Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was the application of a year-long intervention program, in typical Greek physical education school classes, which aimed to change motivational climate, goal orientations, motivation, and students' attitudes toward exercise and nutrition. Participants in the intervention program included 105 Grade-10 students, and 529 students of the same age took part as a control grou|pImmediately after the

Triantafylos Christodoulidis; Athanasios Papaioannou; Nikolaos Digelidis

2001-01-01

50

A Paradigm of Information Literacy for Greek High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the level of information literacy skills in high school teachers and the extent of information literacy instruction in the western province of Thessaloniki. A census survey was conducted, which resulted in 500 structured questionnaires that were processed and analysed statistically using multivariate methods. The findings…

Korobili, Stella; Malliari, Aphrodite; Daniilidou, Eugenia; Christodoulou, George

2011-01-01

51

Rich Schools, Poor Schools. Hidden Resource Inequalities between Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There has been relatively little analysis of school context including a large number of elements from the broader social, political and economic influences. However, primary schools in Flanders (Belgium) are supposed to consider their school context when implementing the Flemish policy on equal opportunities in education. Purpose: In…

Poesen-Vandeputte, Mayke; Nicaise, Ides

2015-01-01

52

Reading in Nigerian Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the status of reading instruction in Nigerian primary schools, focusing on methods of instruction, class organization, books used, the role of the Ministry of Education, reading in Nigerian languages, as well as some problems in the teaching of reading. (RAE)

Etim, James S.; Willems, Arnold L.

1988-01-01

53

ASE and Primary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the role of the Association for Science Education (ASE) in supporting and developing policy and practice in primary school science. It first sets the events after the formation of ASE in 1963 in the context of what went before. It then takes a mainly chronological view of some, but by no means all, of ASE's activities…

Harlen, Wynne

2013-01-01

54

Civil Engineering in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many children of primary school age, an engineer is the man who comes to service the central heating system or who fixes the family car when it breaks down. Most have never met a "real" professional engineer, and have no idea of what is involved in the exciting world of engineering. Most assume that engineers are men. To try to remove these…

Brown, Martin; Strong, Alan

2010-01-01

55

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

2011-01-01

56

WHY NOT GREEK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BECAUSE A KNOWLEDGE OF CLASSICAL GREEK IS NECESSARY FOR UNDERSTANDING MODERN THOUGHT AND LITERATURE, IT SHOULD BE PART OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. A PROBLEM IS GETTING TEACHERS OF GREEK, AND PROBABLY MOST OF THE TEACHING SHOULD BE DONE BY COLLEGE PROFESSORS WHO TEACH THE HIGHLY MOTIVATED STUDENTS IN THE HIGH SCHOOL. AN ELEMENTARY COURSE…

SHRIVER, JOHN R.

57

Cognitive and Socio-Affective Outcomes of Project-Based Learning: Perceptions of Greek Second Chance School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present questionnaire-based study was conducted in 2010 in order to examine 677 Greek Second Chance School (SCS) students' perceptions about the cognitive and socio-affective outcomes of project-based learning. Data elaboration, statistical and factor analysis showed that the participants found that project-based learning offered a second…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Karageorgou, Elissavet

2013-01-01

58

Examining School Culture in Flemish and Chinese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to gain understanding about school culture characteristics of primary schools in the Flemish and Chinese context. The study was carried out in Flanders (Belgium) and China, involving a total of 44 Flemish schools and 40 Chinese schools. The School Culture Scales were used to measure five school culture dimensions with…

Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Tondeur, Jo

2014-01-01

59

Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Instructional Assignment-Related Sources of Stress in Greek Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the literature concerning Greek special education teachers, there is little evidence regarding the perceived levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and job-related stress factors. The present study focused on the above issues. A sample of 127 Greek special education teachers at the primary school level was tested with the Maslach Burnout…

Platsidou, Maria; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2008-01-01

60

"Intelligent" Primary School Project in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construction work is about to begin on a new "intelligent" primary school for 300 students (later to be expanded for 600) in the Municipality of Solaro in the province of Milan. This is the first primary school building in Italy designed according to the principles of the "intelligent school" as defined by the Centre for Educational Innovation and…

Ponti, Giorgio

2007-01-01

61

Fitness levels of Greek primary schoolchildren in relationship to overweight and obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to provide estimates for overweight and obesity in a sample of Greek schoolchildren and to determine their possible relation with selected motor and health-related fitness parameters.Materials and methods  The study sample consisted of 709 healthy children (328 girls, 381 boys, mean age = 8.9±1.6 years), living in the towns of Agios Stefanos (?12 000

Savvas P. Tokmakidis; Athanasios Kasambalis; Antonios D. Christodoulos

2006-01-01

62

GINGIVITIS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN OF BANGLADESH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though early diagnosis and intervention of gingivitis in school children can eliminate progression to frank periodontal diseases, no such measures in Bangladesh are in place to detect gingivitis at an early stage in school children. This survey was conducted in 2007 in the primary schools of rural, suburban and urban areas of Bangladesh to evaluate oral hygiene with special emphasis

Masuma Pervin Mishu; Richard Marshall Hubbard; Sejuty Haque; M Abu Sayeed; Syed Touseef Imam; Parvin Akhter Khanam; Tanjima Begum; Mahfujul Haq Khan

2009-01-01

63

The introduction of medical humanities in the undergraduate curriculum of Greek medical schools: challenge and necessity  

PubMed Central

Background and Aim: Medical humanities is a multidisciplinary field, consisting of humanities (theory of literature and arts, philosophy, ethics, history and theology), social sciences (anthropology, psychology and sociology) and arts (literature, theater, cinema, music and visual arts), integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of Medical schools. The aim of the present study is to discuss medical humanities and support the necessity of introduction of a medical humanities course in the curriculum of Greek medical schools. Materials, Methods and Results: Through the relevant Pub-Med search as well as taking into account various curricula of medical schools, it is evident that medical education today is characterized by acquisition of knowledge and skills and development of medical values and attitudes. Clinical observation with the recognition of key data and patterns in the collected information, is crucial in the final medical decision, i.e. in the complex process, through which doctors accumulate data, reach conclusions and decide on therapy. All sciences included in medical humanities are important for the high quality education of future doctors. The practice of Medicine is in large an image-related science. The history of anatomy and art are closely related, already from the Renaissance time. Studies have shown that attendance of courses on art critics improves the observational skills of medical students. Literature is the source of information about the nature and source of human emotions and behavior and of narratives of illness, and increases imagination. Philosophy aids in the development of analytical and synthetical thinking. Teaching of history of medicine develops humility and aids in avoiding the repetition of mistakes of the past, and quite often raises research and therapeutic skepticism. The comprehension of medical ethics and professional deontology guides the patient-doctor relationship, as well as the relations between physicians and their colleagues. The Medical Humanities course, which is already integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of many medical schools of Europe, USA and Australia, includes lectures by experts and students presentations on the above-mentioned areas and could be offered, for a semester, during the first years. Conclusion: The aim of Medical Humanities course is the development of imagination and interpretation of data through analytical complex procedures, the development of skills of close observation and careful interpretation of the patient "language" and the enhancement of empathy for the patients, as well as the development of the physician-patient relationship and finally the conceptualization/construction of personal and professional values. PMID:21311630

Batistatou, A; Doulis, E A; Tiniakos, D; Anogiannaki, A; Charalabopoulos, K

2010-01-01

64

Intervention Research on School Bullying in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intervention research on school bullying was conducted in a primary school with an action research method. After conducting a five-week intervention program, the occurrence ratio of being bullied on the way to school and back home and the degree to which children were bullied dropped significantly, but the rate of reduction in grade three was…

Ju, Yucui; Wang, Shuqiong; Zhang, Wenxin

2009-01-01

65

A Qualitative Analysis of School Concept on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child drawing, known as language of thinking, is as an effective tool of expression as written language. The use of paper, composition, and colors are meaningful for professionals. In this research, it is intended to determine the primary school students' perception of the school and schemas with their drawings of school. Case study which is one…

Yildiz, S. Armagan

2012-01-01

66

Synergy through Teamwork: Sharing Primary School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually all British secondary (high) schools and many primary (elementary) schools feature what is called a senior management team (SMT), typically consisting of the headteacher (principal), one or more deputy heads (vice principals), and other teachers. To explore how SMTs are working, a survey questionnaire was mailed to 150 headteachers in…

Wallace, Mike

67

Revisiting Primary School Dropout in Rural Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies on school dropout in Cambodia often used data from subjects after they already dropped out or statistics from education-related institutions. Using data from children in two rural provinces before they dropped out, this study examines four main factors in order to identify their influence on primary school dropout in Cambodia.…

No, Fata; Sam, Chanphirun; Hirakawa, Yukiko

2012-01-01

68

Advisory Teacher Service in Queensland Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to obtain information about how advisory teachers and persons within schools perceive the operation of the Advisory Teacher Service inaugurated in the Queensland State Department of Education in 1970. The service was provided so that advisory teachers would visit primary schools on invitation of the principal and help…

Varley, Peter J.; Cumming, Joy

69

Blackboard Bullies: Workplace Bullying in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a comprehensive examination of the "lived experience" of workplace bullying in primary schools in Ireland. Underpinned by the qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with a class teacher, a chairperson of a Board of Management and a school principal--all of whom who believe themselves to have been targets of…

Fahie, Declan

2014-01-01

70

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

71

The study of Greek and Roman inscriptions has been a primary focus of historians at the Institute for Advanced Study since the appointment of Benjamin D. Meritt as the first Professor in the  

E-print Network

Fall 2010 The study of Greek and Roman inscriptions has been a primary focus of historians include his name and nickname (Theodotos = "the gift of the gods"), his social class, the history of his cultures invites us to critically reflect on modern discourses of Euro- pean identity. Ancient Greek

72

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

73

STREAMING IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor Lynn suggests that two investigations carried out by Dr. Barker Lunn have yielded inconsistent results: the first (cross?sectional) study showed that the attainment of children in streamed schools was superior and the second (longitudinal) study showed that streamed children did better on one set of tests and unstreamed children did better on a parallel set of tests. He suggests

R. Lynn; Susan L. Hampson; Joan C. Barker Lunn; Jill M. Tarryer

1971-01-01

74

Creative Teachers in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is based on research focusing on "creative teaching" in the British National Curriculum. The aim has been to test and fill out the concept of creative teaching in a wider range of schools and with teachers working in markedly different circumstances than before the 1988 Education Reform Act, which established a National Curriculum in…

Woods, Peter

75

Evaluation of the Training Program for Greek Olympic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to evaluate the educational program's training. The program used for this purpose was the Olympic Education Program, which has been implemented in Greek primary and secondary schools since 2000. First, the face validity of items was evaluated, second, the pool of the items selected was factor…

Grammatikopoulos, Vasilios; Papacharisis, Vasilios; Koustelios, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Theodorakis, Yannis

2004-01-01

76

Multicultural Awareness through English: A Potential Contribution of TESOL in Greek Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural diversity now evident in Greek society creates educational challenges and opportunities. Space to address these is provided by the multicultural awareness aspects of the discourse of the Cross-Thematic Curriculum Framework (CTCF). For English language classes, multicultural direction is provided through the disciplinary discussion of…

Fay, Richard; Lytra, Vally; Ntavaliagkou, Maria

2010-01-01

77

Primary Schooling in West Bengal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With his Nobel Prize award money, Amartya Sen set up the Pratichi Trust which carries out research, advocacy and experimental projects in basic education, primary health care, and women's development in West Bengal and Bangladesh. Professor Sen himself took active interest in this work--helping set the agenda, looking at the evidence from…

Sen, Amartya

2010-01-01

78

Perceptions of Democracy of Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to identify the perceptions of democracy of primary school students, identify the factors that affect these, and compare the results with those obtained from other countries. The research was carried out during the 2011-2012 school year with 1,667 students from the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades who were chosen from 26 cities in…

Kus, Zafer; Cetin, Turhan

2014-01-01

79

Users and Experts: Greek Primary Teachers' Views about Boys, Girls, ICTs and Computing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine primary teachers' views about the abilities and personality characteristics of boys and girls relative to information and communication technologies (ICTs) and computing, and to explore the relationship of teachers' gender-stereotyped views with teachers' gender, age, computer experience and self-efficacy…

Vekiri, Ioanna

2013-01-01

80

Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

Aydin, Bahri

2010-01-01

81

Data and Dialogue in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many primary school teachers will have not heard of the data-handling cycle as set out in the English Key Stage 3 (UK ages 11-14) curriculum. This article argues that with a little adjustment, it could become the defining model for a holistic and dialogical approach to data handling at Key Stage 2 (UK ages 7-11).

Paramore, John

2011-01-01

82

Multilingual Proficiency in Fiji Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determined language proficiency among multilingual Indo-Fijian primary school children who have the languages, Fiji-Hindi, Standard Hindi, Urdu, English, Fijian, and Fijian English in their speech repertoire. Identifies the variables that affect multilingual proficiency in this group and determines whether classroom practice reflects educational…

Shameem, Nikhat

2002-01-01

83

Home Factors in Primary School Written Expression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study examined the development over the primary school years of the writing skills of children from the time they entered first grade until they completed grade three. In order to identify the nature of the literacy-related home experience of these children, interviews were conducted with each child (three classes in all) as he or…

Cameron, Catherine Ann; And Others

84

Towards a Framework of Socio-Linguistic Analysis of Science Textbooks: The Greek Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims at presenting a grid for analysing the way the language employed in Greek school science textbooks tends to project pedagogic messages. These messages are analysed for the different school science subjects (i.e., Physics, Chemistry, Biology) and educational levels (i.e., primary and lower secondary level). The analysis is made…

Dimopoulos, Kostas; Koulaidis, Vasilis; Sklaveniti, Spyridoula

2005-01-01

85

Awareness of Autism in Primary School Teachers  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease. PMID:24363934

Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

86

Marriage trends in the Italo-Greeks of Italy.  

PubMed

The Italo-Greek ethnolinguistic minority, living in thirteen villages of southern Italy, marry largely amongst themselves but there are some intermarriages with native Italians. The majority of marriages are within the villages, but there is some marriage movement from one Italo-Greek village to another. Data on marriage and birthplace of parents and grandparents obtained by questionnaires to families of primary school children (aged 6-13 years) are analysed, to show the trends in breakdown of isolation over the last two generations. PMID:2061342

Biondi, G; Perrotti, E

1991-04-01

87

Greeks in America: Contributions to America, Relationship to Homeland, Integration into American Life, Retention of Ethnicity in America. Ethnic Heritage in America: Curriculum Materials in Elementary School Social Studies on Greeks, Jews, Lithuanians, and Ukrainians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the Ethnic Heritage in America curriculum materials, this unit is about Greeks in the United States. The first section presents basic facts, such as a map of Greece, map of Eastern Europe, facts about Greece, historical chronological outline, list of Greeks in U.S. history, bibliography about Greeks, Greek publications in the United…

Chicago Consortium for Inter-Ethnic Curriculum Development, IL.

88

Ability Grouping Practices in the Primary School: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys how British primary schools group their students for different school subjects, such as according to class ability or mixed ability grouping. Finds that most schools used the class ability groupings, either in mixed or ability groupings. Includes references. (CMK)

Hallam, Susan; Ireson, Judith; Lister, Veronica; Chaudhury, Indrani Andon; Davies, Jane

2003-01-01

89

Evaluation of the Nutrition Education at Primary School (NEAPS) programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the impact and suitability of a pilot dietary educational programme for primary school pupils. The Nutrition Education at Primary School (NEAPS) programme aimed to build awareness of the benefits of healthy eating, induce positive behaviour change and increase the children's knowledge. Design: A comparative quasi-experimental study with follow-up after 3 months. Setting: Eight primary schools in the

Sharon Friel; Cecily Kelleher; Paula Campbell; Geraldine Nolan

1999-01-01

90

Exploring the Socio-Politics of the Greek Debt Crisis in a Primary Art Classroom: A Political Cartooning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an event-driven case study which took the form of a curriculum intervention in order to examine how a class of fifth-graders understood, interpreted and commented visually on the Greek debt crisis. Considering art education as a safe place where students can critically investigate through relevant visual culture genres…

Christopoulou, Martha

2013-01-01

91

Greek Grammar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some may view ancient Greek as a "dead language", this informative and edifying website proves that the language is far from dead, and that there much to be gained through close consideration of this magisterial language. Created and maintained by Professor Marc Huys, a faculty member of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium, the site serves as a clearinghouse of available online resources for studying ancient Greek. Throughout the site's various areas, Professor Huys has reviewed each individual resource and provided a brief description of its contents and also assigned a rating to each distinct resource. Some of these topical areas include reviews of sites on Greek fonts, systematic grammar, history of the Greek language, and dictionaries. The site is rounded out by a "What's New?" area which contains information about the latest additions to the site.

92

Greek Constellations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter aims to provide an overview of the development of the constellations in the Greek tradition through a concise presentation of the main extant sources - Eudoxos, Aratos, and Hipparchos - and their relationship to one another.

Mastorakou, Stamatina

93

Quality Control in Primary Schools: Progress from 2001-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of research into the quality control (QC) of schools from 2001-2006. In 2001 several targets for QC were set and the progress of 939 primary schools is presented. Furthermore, using cluster analysis, schools are classified into four QC-types that differ in their focus on school (self) evaluation and school

Hofman, Roelande H.; de Boom, Jan; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2010-01-01

94

Roles and Skills Comparison among Principals in Greek Schools: Application of Competing Values Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relationship between leadership roles and skills in secondary schools in Greece. Drawing upon a sample of 124 secondary public school principals, a structured questionnaire was developed to measure leadership roles and skills. The Competing Values Framework (CVF) was adopted to operationalize the eight leadership roles. The…

Geraki, Akrivoula

2014-01-01

95

The transition from school to the university under restricted entry: A Greek tracer study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we use data from a sample of about 500 high school seniors in 12 schools in the Athens area, followed up one year after graduation, in order to analyze the factors that determine entry into the highly restricted state university system. The analysis documents a very strong social demand for higher education, only a fraction of which

George Papas; George Psacharopoulos

1987-01-01

96

Early Intervention and Prevention for Children Excluded from Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, the problem of school exclusion in England has reached a crisis point. Figures on permanent exclusions from primary, secondary and special schools in England show that for 1996/97, 12 700 children were excluded. Among these, 12% were pupils permanently excluded from primary schools. When the present Labour Government came to…

Panayiotopoulos, Christos; Kerfoot, Michael

2007-01-01

97

Subject Leadership in Primary Schools--Towards Distributed Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on findings from the authors' PhD thesis looking at the role of Subject Leadership in primary schools. The study reports data collected from 20 subject leaders in 10 schools within 2 Local Education Authorities and sets the role of the subject leader within the context of a primary school, highlighting the varied complexities…

Hammersley-Fletcher, Linda

2004-01-01

98

Primary School Leadership Practice: How the Subject Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching is a critical consideration in investigations of primary school leadership and not just as an outcome variable. Factoring in instruction as an explanatory variable in scholarship on school leadership involves moving away from views of teaching as a monolithic or unitary practice. When it comes to leadership in primary schools, the subject…

Spillane, James P.

2005-01-01

99

Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2010-01-01

100

Prospective Primary School Teachers' Misconceptions about States of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify prospective primary school teachers' misconceptions about the states of matter. The sample of the study was 227 fourth-year prospective primary school teachers in a Department of Primary Education in Turkey. Researcher asked from every participant to write a response to an open ended question about…

Tatar, Erdal

2011-01-01

101

Changing Teaching and Learning in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this topical book, leading academics in primary education evaluate New Labour's Education policy. They draw on the findings of the latest research to discuss the impact of policies on primary school practice and on the views and experiences of primary school teachers and pupils. Current issues and initiatives are analyzed to identify the extent…

Webb, Rosemary, Ed.

2006-01-01

102

Greek Zombies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the possibility that the human mind underwent substantial changes in recent history. Assuming that consciousness is a substantial trait of the mind, the paper focuses on the suggestion made by Julian Jaynes that the Mycenean Greeks had a “bicameral” mind instead of a conscious one. The suggestion is commonly dismissed as patently absurd, for instance by critics

Jan Sleutels

2006-01-01

103

The influence of teaching experience and professional development on Greek teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the assumption that the successful implementation of any inclusive policy is largely dependent on educators being positive about it, a survey was undertaken into the attitudes of Greek teachers to inclusion. The 155 respondents were general education primary teachers drawn from one region of Northern Greece, with a proportion deliberately selected from schools identified as actively implementing inclusive programmes.

Elias Avramidis; Efrosini Kalyva

2007-01-01

104

Development of Greek-Cypriot Teachers' Professional Identities: Is There a "Sense" of Growth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to explore Greek-Cypriot teachers' development of professional identities, the current study reveals the ways in which seven teachers in one primary school in Cyprus perceive themselves as agents improving their teaching and growing as professionals. In-depth interviews indicate that teachers' conceptions of good teaching reflect a…

Karagiorgi, Yiasemina

2012-01-01

105

What Teachers Want: Supporting Primary School Teachers in Teaching Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Impending change can provide us with the opportunity to rethink and renew the things that we do. The first phase of the Australian Curriculum implementation offers primary school teachers the chance to examine their approaches to science learning and teaching. This paper focuses on the perceptions of three primary school teachers regarding what…

Fitzgerald, Angela; Schneider, Katrin

2013-01-01

106

Internet Safety: Issues For New Zealand Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet safety has not been well addressed in many New Zealand primary schools. Nor is it a simple matter to obtain information about this internet safety in primary schools. This paper outlines statistics with relevance to the problem, identifies issues that contribute to the problem and suggests possible solutions.

John Hope

107

Inclusive Education: Proclamations or Reality (Primary School Teachers' View)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with 2 focal points of inclusive education, which is the integral segment of the current education reform in the Bosnia and Herzegovina: its position in various proclamations and in primary school teachers' reality, i.e., legislative aspects vs. everyday situation in primary schools. The survey research was carried out through the…

Slavica, Pavlovic

2010-01-01

108

Primary teacher identity, commitment and career in performative school cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported here maps changes in primary teachers' identity, commitment and perspectives and subjective experiences of occupational career in the context of performative primary school cultures. The research aimed to provide in?depth knowledge of performative school culture and teachers' subjective experiences in their work of teaching. Themes in the data reveal changed commitments and professional identities. The teachers who

Geoff Troman

2008-01-01

109

Supervision Beliefs of Primary School Supervisors in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine and assess the beliefs of primary school supervisors on supervision. Data for the survey model were gathered using the "Supervision beliefs scale". In the present study, 300 primary school supervisors were contacted, using a random sampling method. According to the results obtained, it was seen that the…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat; Oguz, Ebru

2009-01-01

110

Children as Researchers in Primary Schools: Choice, Voice and Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Children as Researchers in Primary Schools" is an innovative and unique resource for practitioners supporting children to become "real world" researchers in the primary classroom. It will supply you with the skills and ideas you need to implement a "children as researchers" framework in your school that can be adapted for different ages and…

Bucknall, Sue

2012-01-01

111

Profiling Primary School Teachers in Relation to Art Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes to the on-going debate about specialisation and teaching art in primary schools. Moreover it provides a starting point for further research and the design of in-service training that responds to the different needs and attitudes of primary school teachers in relation to teaching art. This is done by investigating several…

Pavlou, Victoria

2004-01-01

112

Career Development of Upper Primary School Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to determine the career development of upper primary school students in Turkey. The Revised Career Awareness Survey (RCAS) was completed by 644 Turkish upper primary school students. Results indicated that the students were able to associate their own personal characteristics with particular…

Nazli, Serap

2014-01-01

113

Prospective Primary School Teachers' Perceptions on Boiling and Freezing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of prospective primary school teachers on the physical state of water during the processes of boiling and freezing. There were three stages in the investigation: First, open-ended questions concerning the boiling and freezing of water were given to two groups of prospective primary school

Senocak, Erdal

2009-01-01

114

Improving the English Urban Primary School: Questions of Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that the focus within much normative education policy is with in-school effects which has sidelined the impact of structural and material factors in respect of the urban primary school. Educational reforms intended to improve schools are less likely to make much impact unless these contextualizing matters are directly…

Maguire, Meg; Pratt-Adams, Simon

2009-01-01

115

Commercial Activities in Primary Schools: A Quantitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commercialisation of schools is a controversial issue, but very little is known about the actual situation in UK schools. The aim of this study was to investigate, with particular reference to health education and health promotion, commercial activities and their regulation in primary schools in the Yorkshire and Humber region of the UK. A…

Raine, Gary

2007-01-01

116

Continuous admission to primary school and mental health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children are admitted to school continuously throughout the year. METHODS: We assessed mental health problems based on parent-reports (using the Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL) and on

Sijmen A Reijneveld; Carin H Wiefferink; Emily Brugman; Frank C Verhulst; S Pauline Verloove-Vanhorick; Theo GW Paulussen

2006-01-01

117

Teacher Evaluation Practices in Malaysian Primary Schools: Issues and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a qualitative case study that investigated the underlying issues in implementing school-based teacher evaluation practices in four Malaysian primary schools. The participants of the study comprised eight school administrators and sixteen teachers. Data obtained through interviews, observations, and document reviews were…

Malakolunthu, Suseela; Vasudevan, Vasundhara

2012-01-01

118

Bottle top maths: a primary school interactive multiplication maths resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design and implementation of a primary school interactive multiplication facts program. This paper details the motivation for the project (to assist a decile 1 school involved in an innovative project placing computers in student's homes), the context for the project (the New Zealand School Curriculum), and the results (a prototype of an application that supports learning

Vincent Brannigan; Judy Brown

2001-01-01

119

Design Considerations for Construction of Rural Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Widely differing local conditions, increased community participation in education, more lifelong education, and decentralization of schools are factors which should affect the architecture of rural primary schools in Pakistan. Also significant are the results of a 1977 survey which indicate that building quality is unrelated to school attendance…

Siddiqui, Kalim A.; And Others

120

Motor imagery development in primary school children.  

PubMed

Motor imagery provides a unique window on the integrity of movement representation. How this ability unfolds during development remains unknown, however. It was the aim of this cross-sectional study to chart the development of movement imagery over childhood using validated measures, and to examine its relationship to movement skill. A sample of 58 children aged 7-12 years were recruited from Australian primary schools. Motor imagery ability was assessed using the Radial Pointing Task and a (mental) Hand Rotation Task, whereas visual (or object-related) imagery was measured on a Letter Rotation Task. Motor skill was assessed on the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND). Results showed clear age differences on all measures: motor skill, motor imagery, and visual imagery. The relationship between motor imagery and motor skill was shown to become stronger with age, whereas no relationship between visual imagery and motor skill was evident at any age. Taken together, these results show that motor imagery has a distinct developmental trajectory that is entwined with the development of movement skill in children. We argue that movement imagery reflects the unfolding of internal modeling processes providing the foundation for adaptive, goal-directed movements. PMID:19142769

Caeyenberghs, Karen; Tsoupas, Jenny; Wilson, Peter H; Smits-Engelsman, Bouwien C M

2009-01-01

121

The Efficiency of the Greek Lighthouse Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the many primary causes which lead to a shipping casualty, those of wrecking, stranding or coming into contact with fixed coastal structures depend (although not exclusively and only under specific conditions of visibility) upon the efficiency of the lighthouse and navigating lights network of a national coastline. The analysis of the shipping casualties involving Greek ships in the Greek

Julia Englesou; Mary Lekakou; Ernest Tzannatos

1998-01-01

122

Tobacco Education in the Primary School: Paradoxes for the Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The overall aim of the research was to investigate the approaches taken to tobacco education by primary school teachers. Setting: Research was conducted in four diverse areas of Scotland. Methods: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with primary 6 and primary 7 teachers. Questions explored the classroom issues…

Spratt, Jennifer; Shucksmith, Janet

2006-01-01

123

Effectiveness of School-Based Bullying Intervention Programs in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying behavior has reached pandemic proportions and is a growing concern in primary school. Most intervention programs in primary school are focused on bullying prevention or principally on the behavior of the bully. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a school-based bullying intervention program is an effective method for reducing…

Dogini, Eric U.

2012-01-01

124

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

125

Examining the Relationship between Teacher Organizational Commitment and School Health in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between teachers' perceptions of organizational commitment and school health in Turkish primary schools. The Organizational Commitment Scale and the Organizational Health Inventory were used to gather data from 323 randomly selected teachers employed in 20 primary schools in Ankara.…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

126

School Management Related Knowledge Levels of Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge levels of the teachers affect the qualifications of operations and transactions in schools. School management related knowledge of the teachers is an essential tool to reach the targets of the school. The objective of this study was to determine the school management related knowledge levels of the teachers. Qualitative and…

Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2013-01-01

127

Greek Americanism, "New Greece," and Greek Orthodoxy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Greek Americanism is neither based upon the wholesale assimilation of American culture nor the futile copying of Greek culture. Instead, an amalgamation of both cultures, a blending together of Greek and American cultures in a manner that produces a unique culture all its own is presented. (GR)

Athens, Lonnie

1996-01-01

128

The Relation between School Entrance Age and School Achievement during Primary Schooling: Evidence from Croatian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Compulsory school entrance age and admission policies differ across countries and educational systems, and there is a continuing debate on the question whether and how the age at school entry affects various student outcomes. Aims: This study explored the relation between school entrance age and school achievement among students…

Sakic, Marija; Burusic, Josip; Babarovic, Toni

2013-01-01

129

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School (Part II)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the Eynsham County Primary School, uses the seven criteria suggested by the Spodek early childhood education analysis framework: assumptions, goals, curriculum, method, style, organization, and effectiveness. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

130

What Predicts Disaffection in Irish Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally there is now a growing body of research on student school engagement. Much of this research highlights the association of school engagement with a range of social, behavioural and academic outcomes. Less attention is paid to factors predicting disaffection among young children across various dimensions using nationally…

Darmody, Merike; Thornton, Maeve

2015-01-01

131

Musical Behaviours of Primary School Children in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this ethnographic study, the musical behaviours of 28 primary school children in Singapore were examined for their meaning and diversity as they engaged in the school day. A large part of these children's musical behaviours stemmed from their exposure to the mass media. Children's musical inventions emerged in the context of play, occasionally…

Lum, Chee-Hoo

2009-01-01

132

Laptop Classes in Some Australian Government Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia was once a world leader for laptop adoption in schools. Now overtaken by extensive roll-outs of laptops in Maine and Uruguay, this paper seeks to explain why this lead was lost. Six case studies of government primary schools were undertaken to gather data about current initiatives. Comparative analysis shows how the potential of…

Fluck, Andrew E.

2011-01-01

133

Creativity and Performativity Policies in Primary School Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultures of performativity in English primary schools refer to systems and relationships of: target-setting; Ofsted inspections; school league tables constructed from pupil test scores; performance management; performance related pay; threshold assessment; and advanced skills teachers. Systems which demand that teachers "perform" and in which…

Troman, Geoff; Jeffrey, Bob; Raggl, Andrea

2007-01-01

134

Teachers’ views on the designs of their primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a cross-case analysis of five primary schools, this article highlights, and discusses in context, the views of the teachers regarding the physical environment and facilities of their schools. Participants rated questions about what made for a ‘comfortable built environment’ and a ‘well-functioning spaces’, whereas the researchers examined and compared the spaces and spoke to heads and to the

Peter Barrett; Yufan Zhang

2012-01-01

135

Parental involvement in a private primary school in Karachi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is a case study on how parental involvement is enacted in a private primary school in Karachi, Pakistan. The study looked at the ways in which parents are involved in education in the school. Data was collected through interviews, observations and document analysis. Findings from the study indicate that all the stakeholders positively view the involvement of parents

Navbukhor Mamadyusufov

2005-01-01

136

Children's Economic Activities and Primary School Attendance in Rural Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate whether low school attendance rates in Guatemala (about 35% of primary school aged children do not attend) are due primarily to the need for children in low income families to contribute to family income or child care and other housekeeping tasks, time use data were collected in 4 rural villages from mothers of 369 children, aged…

Clark, Carol A. M.

137

Leading Small Scottish Primary Schools: Still a Unique Style?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1996 and 1998, research commissioned by the Scottish Office Education Department was undertaken on the management of small Scottish primary schools, the results of which were published in this journal (Wilson and McPake, 1998). This article reports the findings from a follow-up study of a sample of 100 schools that participated in the…

Wilson, Valerie

2009-01-01

138

Food, Environment and Health: A Guide for Primary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for primary school teachers provides a practical collection of facts, advice, projects, games, stories, and sample questions for use in teaching children the importance of healthy habits. Food, personal hygiene, and the home environment are areas of particular concern. Details range from advice on ways to start a school garden or design…

Williams, Trefor; And Others

139

Using Soil Seed Banks for Ecological Education in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we developed an educational programme using soil seed banks to promote ecological literacy among primary school-aged children. The programme consisted of seven student activities, including sampling and setting soil seed banks around the school, watering, identifying seedlings, and making observations about the plants and their…

Ju, Eun Jeong; Kim, Jae Geun

2011-01-01

140

The Use of Discretionary Time in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed how British primary schools interpreted discretionary time, noting how that interpretation related to amounts of time given to different subjects within the National Curriculum. Surveys and interviews indicated that over half of the schools had 5% or less of the week available for discretionary time. Circle time and health education were…

Galton, Maurice; Fogelman, Ken

1998-01-01

141

Creativity and performativity policies in primary school cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultures of performativity in English primary schools refer to systems and relationships of: target?setting; Ofsted inspections; school league tables constructed from pupil test scores; performance management; performance related pay; threshold assessment; and advanced skills teachers. Systems which demand that teachers ‘perform’ and in which individuals are made accountable. These policy measures, introduced to improve levels of achievement and increased international

Geoff Troman; Bob Jeffrey; Andrea Raggl

2007-01-01

142

Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

Odera, Florence Y.

2011-01-01

143

Creativity in Artistic Education: Introducing Artists into Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a more prominent role of arts education in the school curriculum, artistic creativity does not occur to a great extent in primary school practice. More opportunities for teachers to strengthen their know-how in the field of artistic creativity can therefore be considered important. Arts education projects focus on pupils' development of…

De Backer, Free; Lombaerts, Koen; De Mette, Tom; Buffel, Tine; Elias, Willem

2012-01-01

144

Effective Primary Schools in Geographically Isolated Areas of Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies the major characteristics of "effective" primary schools in isolated areas in Vietnam. It suggests areas in which the implementation of beneficial changes can occur. Pupils in isolated areas of Vietnam are, in many respects, educationally disadvantaged. Usually, these pupils are in schools that have fewer educational…

Ikeda, Miyako

2010-01-01

145

Artists in Cypriot Primary Schools: The Pupils' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Musicians and visual artists are appointed to work as specialist teachers in Cypriot primary schools because of their artistic expertise. However, little information is available concerning these artists and their work in schools, including the perceptions of the pupils. This paper reports on an investigation into the nature of the pupils'…

Sanderson, Patricia; Savva, Andri

2004-01-01

146

Dramatis Personae: Enactment and Performance in Primary School Headship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers insights into the leadership enactment of primary school heads in terms of the dramatis personae or "masks of the drama" they perceive themselves to portray during interactions with staff in their schools. The article draws on the reported identities and performances of ten heads in their day-to-day leadership of staff and…

Rhodes, Christopher; Greenway, Celia

2010-01-01

147

A Visit to Eynsham County Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a typical day in an open school in Oxfordshire, England with particular reference to use of the various learning centers. Gives a detailed description of the teacher's actual role in interacting with children. (CS)

Madera, Kathryn

1974-01-01

148

The Effect of a Cross-Curricular Study Programme in Physical Education on the Attitudes and Perceptions of Greek Children towards Traditional (Folk) Dance in the First Year of Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of a cross-curricular programme for the teaching of traditional dances on the attitudes and perceptions of Greek pupils in the First Year of Secondary School. At the outset we anticipated that the programme would have positive results in terms of: (a) the pupils' enjoyment of the activity;…

Stivaktaki, Chrysi; Mountakis, Costas; Bournelli, Pagona

2010-01-01

149

Development and Application of an Instrument to Measure Greek Primary Education Teachers' Biology Teaching Self-Efficacy Beliefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-efficacy beliefs of in-service elementary school teachers in Greece were examined in an attempt to evaluate their biology teaching skills. For this purpose, we constructed a valid and reliable instrument consisting of a Likert-type questionnaire that was distributed to the target population and to which 202 teachers responded. Results…

Mavrikaki, Evangelia; Athanasiou, Kyriacos

2011-01-01

150

Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

Ipek, Cemalettin

2010-01-01

151

Citizenship in the Primary School: Going Beyond Circle Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education for citizenship is now recommended for all primary schools. Whilst primary teachers have long covered social and moral education, they have been less likely to cover teaching about community and political literacy (including the discussion of topical, controversial issues). This paper reports research findings on current practice and identifies key areas for discussion. It argues that there is great

Cathie Holden

2003-01-01

152

Motivation among Public Primary School Teachers in Mauritius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to critically analyse the factors that affect the motivation of public primary school teachers and also to investigate if there is any relationship between teacher motivation and job satisfaction in Mauritius. Design/methodology/approach: Simple random sampling method was used to collect data from 250 primary

Seebaluck, Ashley Keshwar; Seegum, Trisha Devi

2013-01-01

153

Social Skills of First-Grade Primary School Students and Pre-School Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of social skills of the first-grade primary school students who received preschool education and not. The sample group of the study consists of 521 children studying in the first grade of primary schools in Turkish provinces of Ankara, Kars, Malatya, Igdir, Samsun, Mersin, Gaziantep, Karabuk,…

Gulay, Hulya; Akman, Berrin; Kargi, Eda

2011-01-01

154

Underrepresentation of Women in Public Primary School Administration: The Experience of Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to attempt to investigate the factors accounting for the lack of ambition among Greek female teachers in reaching managerial positions in the higher echelons of education's hierarchical structure. The analysis was performed on data collected from 304 female primary teachers during the academic year 1999-2000, randomly…

Kyriakoussis, Andreas; Saiti, Anna

2006-01-01

155

Establishing a Primary Level School of Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

La Escuelita, a Warwick (Rhode Island) Spanish language instruction program for children in grades 3 through 6, originated in 1983 in a group-tutoring program and expanded under the auspices of the local Parent-Teacher Association into an after-school activity for all city schoolchildren. The PTA undertook the administrative tasks, and the…

Garnett, Norma A.

156

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

157

Towards a Biologically Informed Primary School Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The various ways "nature" and "nurture" interact to shape school pupils' lives are examined from the perspective of recent biologically informed studies. The idea of a highly predictive, genetically based inheritance is strikingly upheld by research in infancy and early childhood. Research evidence also shows how pupil individuality develops…

Silcock, Peter

2008-01-01

158

Primary School De Vogels, Oegstgeest, the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the title school building, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects, manufacturers/suppliers, and construction team; a general building description; and a commentary on the design. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. (EV)

Cohn, David

2003-01-01

159

School-Based Primary School Sexuality Education for Migrant Children in Beijing, China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2007, Beijing Normal University launched a programme of school-based sexuality education for migrant children in Xingzhi Primary School in Beijing. Over the past seven years, the project team has developed a school-based sexuality education curriculum using the "International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education" published by…

Liu, Wenli; Su, Yufen

2014-01-01

160

Teachers' Sickness Absence in Primary Schools, School Climate and Teachers' Sense of Efficacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the period from 1978 to 1988, teacher absenteeism increased considerably in the Netherlands, especially in primary education. This study questions whether teacher absenteeism is related to school climate and teachers' sense of efficacy. When climates of low- and high-absenteeism schools are compared, several school climate characteristics…

Imants, Jeroen; van Zoelen, Ad

1995-01-01

161

Changing English Primary Schools? A Cautionary Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Great Britain's 1988 Education Reform Act demonstrates the prevailing political climate's commitment to market forces and competition as a means of increasing educational productivity. This paper presents findings of the Primary Assessment Curriculum and Experience (PACE) project, which investigated the effects of the policy change on English…

Pollard, Andrew; And Others

162

Exploring Estimation in Young Primary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasing emphasis in mathematics education on the importance of estimation abilities in children. This study investigates the role of context upon primary?aged children's estimation skills. Children in three age groups (from aged 5 to 8 years) were asked to carry out a range of estimation tasks involving distance, area and volume measurements. The tasks varied in type

Michael A. Forrester; Janette Latham; Beatrice Shire

1990-01-01

163

Smoking habits of Greek preschool children's parents  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking is Greece's largest public health threat. Greece has the highest adult smoking prevalence among all E.U countries, which in turn possibly predisposes Greek children and adolescents to smoke. The purpose of our study was to research into the smoking habits of preschool children's parents since children of that age could be vulnerable to parental negative role modeling and to investigate into the necessity of conducting a public health awareness programme aimed at the general population. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on the parents of children enrolled in kindergarten in western Crete-Greece (2809 parents), and interviewed during the 2004–2005 Cretan school health promotion programme. Results 63% of households had at least one parent a current smoker and in 26% both parents were found to be current smokers. Smoking prevalence among adults with preschool children was estimated at 44% (52% of fathers and 36% of mothers). Paternal education and nationality were statistically significantly related to smoking (p < 0.001), unlike place of residence (p = 0.862) and level of maternal education (p = 0.132). Conclusion Smoking prevalence is high even among parents with preschool children. Taking into account the parents' significant primary role in the children's upbringing and the effect that parental induced passive smoking has on children's health and health attitude; one can deduce that the health of Greek children is under threat. It is of major importance that educational and policy intervention measures are implemented to reduce such a situation that could contribute to promoting the initiation of smoking among Greek adolescents. PMID:17570836

Vardavas, Constantine I; Athanasopoulos, Dimitrios; Balomenaki, Evaggelia; Niaounaki, Dora; Linardakis, Manolis K; Kafatos, Anthony G

2007-01-01

164

Examination of Primary School Teachers' Job Satisfaction With Regards to Organizational Creativity within a School Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' job-satisfaction with regards to educational level, attending social activities outside school, and the number of the teachers within the school variables and the explanation level of organizational creativity on teachers' job-satisfaction in a school context. The sample consists of 298 teachers working at primary schools in Konya during 2008-2009 education year

Ercan YILMAZ; Hüseyin IZGAR

2009-01-01

165

Measuring Inviting School Climate: A Case Study of a Public Primary School in an Urban Low Socioeconomic Setting in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study utilized the Inviting School Survey-Revised (ISS-R) (Smith, 2005b, 2013) based on Invitational Theory and Practice (Purkey & Novak, 2008) to examine the school climate of a public primary school in a low urban socio-economic setting in Kenya. School climate was defined as the perceptions of primary school teachers and pupils…

Okaya, Tom Mboya; Horne, Marj; Lamig, Madeleine; Smith, Kenneth H.

2013-01-01

166

Science Activities That Work: Perceptions of Primary School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many primary school teachers in Australia tend to be reluctant to teach science, partly because they are not confident in science and have limited science background knowledge. However, quite a number of primary school teachers still manage to teach some science. When they plan to teach science, many of them use the term science activities that work. Such activities seem to be related to science pedagogical content knowledge for some primary teachers. In order to better understand what the term activities that work means, twenty teachers from several schools were interviewed and asked what they understood by this expression. Themes that emerged suggest that activities that work are hands on, are interesting and motivating for the children, have a clear outcome or result, are manageable in the classroom, use equipment that is readily available, and are preferably used in a context where science is integrated into themes. Implications for curriculum and for preservice teacher education are considered.

Appleton, Ken

2002-06-01

167

Math Anxiety and Math Ability in Early Primary School Years  

PubMed Central

Mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) are often associated with math anxiety, yet until now, very little is known about the causal relations between calculation ability and math anxiety during early primary school years. The main aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the relationship between calculation ability, self-reported evaluation of mathematics, and math anxiety in 140 primary school children between the end of first grade and the middle of third grade. Structural equation modeling revealed a strong influence of calculation ability and math anxiety on the evaluation of mathematics but no effect of math anxiety on calculation ability or vice versa—contrasting with the frequent clinical reports of math anxiety even in very young MLD children. To summarize, our study is a first step toward a better understanding of the link between math anxiety and math performance in early primary school years performance during typical and atypical courses of development. PMID:20401159

Krinzinger, Helga; Kaufmann, Liane; Willmes, Klaus

2010-01-01

168

Greek Chapter House Living  

E-print Network

A Guide to Greek Chapter House Living Policies and Responsibilities for Living in the University of Maryland's Greek Chapter Houses Effective from August 2012 #12;2 Introduction Welcome to the University of Maryland's Fraternity Row Chapter Houses! We promise to do our best to see that your Greek living

Hill, Wendell T.

169

Greek Atomic Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on history of physics, which began about 600 B.C. with the Ionian Greeks and reaching full development within three centuries, suggests that the creation of the concept of the atom is understandable within the context of Greek physical theory; so is the rejection of the atomic theory by the Greek physicists. (Author/SK)

Roller, Duane H. D.

1981-01-01

170

Denominational primary schooling: The case of Trinidad and Tobago  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing countries, the trend has been for government to assume gradual control of schools run by religious organisations, while allowing them to retain their religious affiliation. In the Caribbean, the relationship between church and state educational systems has generally been cordial. This is particularly so in Trinidad and Tobago, where almost three quarters of the primary schools are denominational: Roman Catholic, other Christian, Hindu and Muslim. However, a significant proportion of pupils do not adhere to the host faith. Demographic trends and internal migration have disturbed the previous pattern of population, but the most important factor is the influence of the Common Entrance Examination, which controls entry to secondary education. Certain primary schools achieve high pass rates and attract large numbers of applicants from all sectors of society, while School Boards and principals accept over-population and set entry criteria other than religious affiliation. Variation in curricula is limited by recently drafted requirements, the government provides the bulk of school funds, and regularly inspects all schools. Such controls may enable the present government to fulfil its intention of deemphasising the Common Entrance Examination, but it thereby runs the risk of endangering the religious tolerance engendered by the present multidenominational nature of religious schools.

MacKenzie, Clayton G.

1991-06-01

171

Friendship Choice in a Mixed-Race Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study undertaken to determine whether young children are aware that people differ in skin color and to assess the value judgments that children attach to their color-related observations. Findings indicated that among 120 children from a mixed-race primary school, the White children named White friends predominantly and non-White…

Braha, Vania; Rutter, D. R.

1980-01-01

172

Equality of Educational Opportunities at Public Primary Schools in Argentina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the degree of equality of educational opportunities across Argentina's public primary schools. The main finding is that there are inequalities between jurisdictions, but even greater inequalities within them, suggesting the existence of serious problems in the distribution of resources at the sub-national level. Following…

Adrogue, Cecilia

2013-01-01

173

Primary School Teachers' Ability to Recognise Resilience in their Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teachers' knowledge of, and capacity to identify resilience, in 92 primary school children in Far North Queensland. It was found that although teachers' knowledge of resilience was apparently strong, and they reported a significant level of confidence in their ability to assist children in building resilience, their…

Russo, Rebecca; Boman, Peter

2007-01-01

174

Primary Principals' Leadership Styles, School Organizational Health and Workplace Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying. Design/methodology/approach: Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used--a multi-level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2011-01-01

175

The Quest for Strategic Malaysian Quality National Primary School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nine-point strategic leadership characteristics of Malaysian Quality National Primary School Leaders (QNPSL) and to indicate the implications of these findings for the current educational management and leadership practices in their quest for Malaysian quality education.…

Ali, Hairuddin Mohd

2012-01-01

176

Developing Children's Language Learner Strategies at Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the strategy repertoires and strategy development of six English children who learned foreign languages at primary school. My study differs from mainstream research, in that it focuses on young children and on the development of their strategies, draws on sociocultural theory and uses ethnographic methods. My findings show…

Kirsch, Claudine

2012-01-01

177

Total Quality Management Practices in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of total quality management (TQM) practices in primary schools based on teachers' perceptions, and how their perceptions are related to different variables. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, a survey based descriptive scanning model was used. This study was carried out in…

Toremen, Fatih; Karakus, Mehmet; Yasan, Tezcan

2009-01-01

178

The Primary School Curriculum in a Colonial Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of primary school curriculum in Guyana, a former British colony, points out social determinates of curriculum. Ruling groups emphasized agriculture and manual arts in public education to maintain class distinctions while the masses fought for academic education as a key to financial and social success. (JH)

Bacus, M. Kazim

1974-01-01

179

Assessing CLIL at Primary School: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents aspects of a longitudinal study assessing integrative bilingual learning based on Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), implemented in three Swiss primary schools. From Grades 1 to 6, three classes of German-speaking pupils were taught 50% of the curriculum, notably mathematics, in Italian or in Romansh as a second language (L2). The longitudinal study concerns the assessment

Cecilia Serra

2007-01-01

180

Teacher Appraisal and Its Outcomes in Singapore Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the attributes of the performance appraisal system used for primary school teachers in Singapore, and how those attributes affect satisfaction with the appraisal system, stress experienced with the appraisal system, attitudes towards performance bonus, job satisfaction and motivation, and perceived…

Kelly, Khim Ong; Ang, Shi Yun Angela; Chong, Wei Ling; Hu, Wei Sheng

2008-01-01

181

The Primary School as an Institution: Analysis and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to offer a view of the primary school as an institution with structural properties comparable to institutions in general. Five studies will provide the basis from which such a view is developed, those by Sorokin, (1938), Perrow, (1965), Schon (1970), Taylor, "et al" (1974) and Collins and Porras, (1998). The common thread…

Taylor, Philip H.

2004-01-01

182

The Self-Perceptions of Bullies in Cyprus Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying is a matter of significant concern in the Cypriot educational setting. Teachers usually report their difficulties in understanding bullies and their anxiety to find effective ways to deal with them. This project investigated the self-concepts of a sample of nine boys identified as bullies at the end of primary schooling in Nicosia,…

Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

2008-01-01

183

Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the English language situation at primary school level in Vietnam from a language planning perspective. It examines language policy for foreign language teaching in Vietnam to provide a picture of the role of English in foreign language education. It analyses language-in-education policy, curriculum and teaching materials, and…

Hoa, Nguyen Thi Mai; Tuan, Nguyen Quoc

2007-01-01

184

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

185

Math Anxiety and Math Ability in Early Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) are often associated with math anxiety, yet until now, very little is known about the causal relations between calculation ability and math anxiety during early primary school years. The main aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the relationship between calculation ability, self-reported…

Krinzinger, Helga; Kaufmann, Liane; Willmes, Klaus

2009-01-01

186

Progressive Mathematization of Long Division Strategies in Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' strategies for solving long division problems under a realistic mathematics approach (RME) at Dutch primary schools were categorized in two ways: (a) according to the level of how students created multiples of the divisor (chunking) to be subtracted from the dividend; and (b) according to their use, or nonuse, of schematic notation.…

van Putten, Cornelis M.; van den Brom-Snijders, Petra A.; Beishuizen, Meindert

2005-01-01

187

Teaching Primary School Mathematics and Statistics: Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is the only reference book you will ever need for teaching primary school mathematics and statistics. It is full of exciting and engaging snapshots of excellent classroom practice relevant to "The New Zealand Curriculum" and national mathematics standards. There are many fascinating examples of investigative learning experiences, and key…

Averill, Robin; Harvey, Roger

2010-01-01

188

Perceived Social Skills and Irrational Beliefs in Primary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the relationships between perceived social skills and irrational beliefs (total score, demand for success, demand for comfort) in the 6th and 7th grade students were examined. The participants in the current study included 344 students from three primary schools in Denizli, Turkey. Data were collected by using Social Skills Scale-Student Version and Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents.

189

Bridging Work in Science: What's in It for Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary science has rightly been recognised as one of the great successes in UK education over the last 20 years--a jewel in the National Curriculum crown. Its successes are evidenced by the high numbers of pupils achieving the target levels in national tests and by the rising number of science lessons rated as good or better in school inspections…

Braund, Martin

2004-01-01

190

Capturing the "Differance": Primary School Teacher Identity in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into teacher identity can generate insights into how teachers contribute and respond to change. Researchers face the challenge of representing findings that are useful at the policy level but do not essentialise the collective identity of a diverse occupational group. This article represents the findings of a study of primary school

Barrett, Angeline M.

2008-01-01

191

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

192

Intercultural Education in Primary School: A Collaborative Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present and discuss a collaborative project on intercultural education developed by a group of educational partners. The group was made up of 12 people representing different institutions in the community, namely primary schools, cultural and social associations and the local council. The project takes an intercultural approach…

Santos, Marta; Araújo e Sá, Maria Helena; Simões, Ana Raquel

2014-01-01

193

Explaining Different Types of Computer Use among Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to identify differences in determinants of supportive and class use of computers, path modelling was applied in a sample of 468 primary school teachers. Independent variables were categorised in three levels: demographics (age and gender), computer experience (computer training, computer experience expressed over time, intensity of…

van Braak, Johan; Tondeur, Jo; Valcke, Martin

2004-01-01

194

Language Varieties and Educational Achievement of Indigenous Primary School Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores relationships between standard language and arithmetic-test performance and a range of language-related family characteristics in the Netherlands. The sample consists of 7730 pupils from nearly 700 primary schools. The main question is whether pupils who use standard Dutch perform better than pupils from another language variety, such as…

Driessen, Geert; Withagen, Virgie

1999-01-01

195

Compulsory "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2011, the new curriculum for introducing English to Japanese primary schools will be fully implemented in the form of "foreign language activities". This innovation forms part of the government's plan to cultivate "Japanese with English abilities", a development based on the awareness, particularly in the business sector, that equipping…

Hashimoto, Kayoko

2011-01-01

196

Language Education Needs for Multilingualism in Fiji Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at current practice in teaching multilingual Indo-Fijian children in eight Fiji primary schools. Indo-Fijians speak Fiji Hindi (FH) as their mother tongue, learn Shudh Hindi (SH) or Urdu, and English for formal and literacy purposes and use English and Fijian for interethnic communication. The current education policy states that…

Shameem, Nikhat

2007-01-01

197

Effects of continuing professional development on group work practices in Scottish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the effects of a continuing professional development (CPD) initiative that provided collaborative group work skills training for primary school teachers. The study collected data from 24 primary school classrooms in different schools in a variety of urban and rural settings. The sample was composed of 332 pupils, aged 9–12 years old, and 24 primary school teachers.

A. Thurston; D. Christie; C. J. Howe; A. Tolmie; K. J. Topping

2008-01-01

198

Do Learning Difficulties Differentiate Elementary Teachers' Attributional Patterns for Students' Academic Failure? A Comparison between Greek Regular and Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to (a) investigate whether the presence of learning difficulties (LD) in primary school children differentiates Greek teachers' attributional patterns, emotional responses, expectations and evaluative feedback for the children's academic failures and (b) to examine possible differences between regular and special…

Vlachou, Anastasia; Eleftheriadou, Dimitra; Metallidou, Panayiota

2014-01-01

199

Does a Socio-Ecological School Model Promote Resilience in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This research investigates the extent to which the holistic, multistrategy "health-promoting school" (HPS) model using a resilience intervention can lead to improved resilience among students. Methods: A quasi-experimental design using a study cohort selected from 20 primary schools in Queensland, Australia was employed. Ten…

Lee, Patricia C.; Stewart, Donald E.

2013-01-01

200

Child Participation in School Governance: The Case of Prefects at a Primary School in Lesotho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on literature that has theorised child participation within the sociology of childhood framework to examine how children participate in governance within school spaces. Four children aged between 13 and 17 (in grades six and seven) who serve as prefects at a primary school in Lesotho were participants in this study. Data was…

Morojele, Pholoho; Muthukrishna, Nithi

2011-01-01

201

Primary School Science Teachers' Perspectives regarding Their Professional Development: Implications for School Districts in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions play a significant role in an individual's decision-making. This paper reports on a study that investigated primary school science teachers' perceptions of their school district professional development and its basis and impact on the teacher development process in a large district in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. From the…

Bantwini, Bongani D.

2012-01-01

202

Changing Pedagogical Practice in Kenyan Primary Schools: The Impact of School-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on an investigation into the impact of a national, school-based teacher development programme on learning and teaching in Kenyan primary schools. Building on a national baseline study (n=102), 144 video-recorded lessons, covering the teaching of English, maths and science at Standards 3 and 6, were analysed to investigate…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Agg, Catherine; Migwi, James; Ndambuku, Jacinta; Smith, Fay

2009-01-01

203

We love our school toilets: involving primary school students in improving their school toilets.  

PubMed

This article reports on the planning, implementation and evaluation of an intervention to improve school students' experience of using the school toilet in a primary school in Melbourne, Australia. 20 students from grades 2-6 participated in focus groups, to discuss what they valued about the school and raise awareness of issues they were not happy about. A common theme from all of the focus groups was that students reported avoiding use of the school toilets. Using the ideas generated from the focus groups, the student council (with input from staff), developed a self-administered pre- and post-test questionnaire. This was given to 220 students in grades 1-4, aged 6-10 years. Improvements suggested by the students were made to the toilet block, and then a post-test was administered. Independent t tests were conducted. The pre-test indicated that 71% of girls and 65% of boys feared the behaviour of other students in the toilet. Overwhelmingly, the qualitative comments focused on poor student behaviour in the toilets, with lack of privacy due to student misbehaviour mentioned in 90% of the comments. After the toilets were revamped, the greatest gains were made in students' attitudes toward the toilets, with a 37% increase in students who indicated they now liked the toilet facility. Incidents of vandalism also decreased; however, student misconduct in the toilets was still regarded as a problem. Involving students in refurbishing their toilets improved how students viewed the toilets and reduced vandalism; however, a different intervention is required to change inappropriate behaviours in the toilet. PMID:24449799

Senior, Elizabeth

2014-03-01

204

Primary prevention during school transitions: social support and environmental structure.  

PubMed

The nature and evaluation of a primary prevention project for students during the transition to high school are presented. In order to facilitate students' coping efforts during this transition, the project sought to increase the level of social support available as well as to reduce the degree of flux and complexity in the school setting. Midyear and end of ninth-grade assessments were done of Project and matched Control students' self-concepts. Their perceptions of the school environment, and their eighth- and ninth-grade attendance and grade averages examined. By the end of ninth grade, Project participants showed significantly better attendance records and grade point averages as well as more stable self-concepts than controls. Further, by the final evaluation point, Project students also reported perceiving the school environment as having greater clarity of expectations and organizational structure and higher levels of teacher support and involvement than did nonproject Controls. PMID:7113991

Felner, R D; Ginter, M; Primavera, J

1982-06-01

205

The Personal and Contextual Contributors to School Belongingness among Primary School Students.  

PubMed

School belongingness has gained currency among educators and school health professionals as an important determinant of adolescent health. The current cross-sectional study presents the 15 most significant personal and contextual factors that collectively explain 66.4% (two-thirds) of the variability in 12-year old students' perceptions of belongingness in primary school. The study is part of a larger longitudinal study investigating the factors associated with student adjustment in the transition from primary to secondary school. The study found that girls and students with disabilities had higher school belongingness scores than boys, and their typically developing counterparts respectively; and explained 2.5% of the variability in school belongingness. The majority (47.1% out of 66.4%) of the variability in school belongingness was explained by student personal factors, such as social acceptance, physical appearance competence, coping skills, and social affiliation motivation; followed by parental expectations (3% out of 66.4%), and school-based factors (13.9% out of 66.4%) such as, classroom involvement, task-goal structure, autonomy provision, cultural pluralism, and absence of bullying. Each of the identified contributors of primary school belongingness can be shaped through interventions, system changes, or policy reforms. PMID:25876074

Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Ciccarelli, Marina; Passmore, Anne; Parsons, Richard; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjorn

2015-01-01

206

The Personal and Contextual Contributors to School Belongingness among Primary School Students  

PubMed Central

School belongingness has gained currency among educators and school health professionals as an important determinant of adolescent health. The current cross-sectional study presents the 15 most significant personal and contextual factors that collectively explain 66.4% (two-thirds) of the variability in 12-year old students’ perceptions of belongingness in primary school. The study is part of a larger longitudinal study investigating the factors associated with student adjustment in the transition from primary to secondary school. The study found that girls and students with disabilities had higher school belongingness scores than boys, and their typically developing counterparts respectively; and explained 2.5% of the variability in school belongingness. The majority (47.1% out of 66.4%) of the variability in school belongingness was explained by student personal factors, such as social acceptance, physical appearance competence, coping skills, and social affiliation motivation; followed by parental expectations (3% out of 66.4%), and school-based factors (13.9% out of 66.4%) such as, classroom involvement, task-goal structure, autonomy provision, cultural pluralism, and absence of bullying. Each of the identified contributors of primary school belongingness can be shaped through interventions, system changes, or policy reforms. PMID:25876074

Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Ciccarelli, Marina; Passmore, Anne; Parsons, Richard; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjorn

2015-01-01

207

The new primary school curriculum project: Malaysia, 1982  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major goal of the Malaysian education system is that of promoting national unity among her constituent ethnic groups, namely, Malays and other indigenous groups, Chinese and Indians. This objective has been operationalised nationally in terms of a common school system, common curriculum content, common public examinations and the use of Bahasa Malaysia as the main medium of instruction. In recent investigations, the traditional subject-based, content-loaded primary school curriculum has been reviewed and found to be wanting, in that significant numbers of school leavers have been assessed as almost illiterate. This signalled the need for a skills-based primary school curriculum, which the Curriculum Development Centre launched in January 1982. Its innovatory aspects are manifest, amongst other features, in a reduced dependency on textbooks, more flexible teaching and learning strategies based on ability groupings, and enrichment and compensatory components as well as a more conscious awareness of the all-round development of the individual child. Observations to date indicate that while schooling seems to have become more pleasurable and activity-oriented, the programme may have been launched too hastily, resulting in teachers who have not quite grasped the essentials of the new approach as well as a scarcity in appropriate teaching materials.

Mukherjee, Hena; Singh, Jasbir Sarjit

1983-06-01

208

Greek Temples and Rituals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether the positioning of ancient Greek temples was deliberate and facilitated astronomical observations has been a concern for scholars since the nineteenth century. Twenty-first-century research on Greek archaeoastronomy has identified the shortcomings of earlier approaches and has built on a new methodology which integrates archaeological, epigraphical, and literary evidence on the astronomical observations, in order to create interpretations that improve our narrative, understanding, and reconstruction of the role of astronomy in ancient Greek cult practice.

Boutsikas, Efrosyni

209

An Examination of Primary School Attendance and Completion among Secondary School Age Adolescents in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sierra Leone was ravaged by a civil war between 1991 and 2002. Since the end of the war, it has witnessed an unprecedented increase in school enrollments. Although school enrollment has increased, the number of school age children who are out of school remains high. The focus of international agencies is on children of primary school age, yet a…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

210

Greek Mythology for Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will explore the different characters based on Greek mythology, its origins and participate in activities to reinforce these ideas. Let\\'s explore the Greek Alphabet javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Greek alphabet\\') Using the above link, try to spell your name. Take a trip to the First Olympics javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Explore the First Olympics.\\'); How are the Greek Gods related? javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Family Tree of the Gods\\'); ...

Ms. Valdez

2008-11-17

211

Continuous admission to primary school and mental health problems  

PubMed Central

Background Younger children in a school class have higher rates of mental health problems if admission to primary school occurs once a year. This study examines whether this relative age effect also occurs if children are admitted to school continuously throughout the year. Methods We assessed mental health problems based on parent-reports (using the Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL) and on professional assessments, among two Dutch national samples of in total 12,221 children aged 5–15 years (response rate: 86.9%). Results At ages 5–6, we found a higher occurrence of mental health problems in relatively young children, both for mean CBCL scores (p = 0.017) and for problems assessed by child health professionals (p < 0.0001). At ages 7–15, differences by relative age did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion Continuous admission to primary school does not prevent mental health problems among young children, but may do so at older ages. Its potential for the prevention of mental problems deserves further study. PMID:16756648

Reijneveld, Sijmen A; Wiefferink, Carin H; Brugman, Emily; Verhulst, Frank C; Verloove-Vanhorick, S Pauline; Paulussen, Theo GW

2006-01-01

212

Evaluation of a technology unit in a girls' primary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid advances in technology are changing the structure of the workforce. There are elite highly-paid hi-tech occupations and low status poorly-paid jobs. Women are unfortunately more likely to be found in the latter category. To allow them to qualify and compete for the higher-status positions, girls need to participate in the physical sciences and in technology studies. However, they are rarely attracted to them in secondary school, possibly because they are already alienated from them by the time they leave primary school. This paper reports some of the outcomes of a curriculum unit taught in two primary school classes in an independent school for girls. The unit was cross-curricular, involving technology, science and other fields of knowledge; it made extensive use of LEGO Technic materials. The evaluation of the unit, based on observations, a teacher journal and pupil questionnaires, focussed upon the issue of whether it assisted the girls to feel happier about working with unfamiliar technology and feel more capable of doing so. Implications for teaching technology are also discussed.

Eke, Marion; Gardner, Paul L.

1991-12-01

213

Implementation of Mandatory Nutritional Guidelines in South Australian Primary School Canteens: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary schools are identified as being in a primary position to offer nutrition education. Moreover, primary schools can offer an environment which is conducive to the promotion of healthy eating while influencing eating behaviours of children to benefit their health, well-being and academic development and performance. School canteens are one…

Abery, Elizabeth; Drummond, Claire

2014-01-01

214

Determinants of Schooling for Boys and Girls in Nigeria under a Policy of Free Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper adds a measure of school costs to the model of determinants of schooling. Costs are estimated with controls for selection into school and the possibility of receiving free primary education (FPE). Controlling for costs, household wealth has a large, positive effect on primary school attendance with greater income elasticity for girls…

Lincove, Jane Arnold

2009-01-01

215

Nutrition-related habits of Greek adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate nutrition-related habits of Greek school-aged adolescents.Design: Epidemiological survey.Setting and subjects: The study was part of the Health Behavior in School Aged Children (HBSC) survey. A representative sample of school-aged adolescents aged 11.5, 13.5, and 15.5 y was obtained. The final sample consisted of 4211 students (51.6% girls and 48.4% boys). They were asked to complete a translated

M Yannakoulia; D Karayiannis; M Terzidou; A Kokkevi; L S Sidossis

2004-01-01

216

WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: School Nutrition Environment and Body Mass Index in Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

Background: Schools are important settings for the promotion of a healthy diet and sufficient physical activity and thus overweight prevention. Objective: To assess differences in school nutrition environment and body mass index (BMI) in primary schools between and within 12 European countries. Methods: Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) were used (1831 and 2045 schools in 2007/2008 and 2009/2010, respectively). School personnel provided information on 18 school environmental characteristics on nutrition and physical activity. A school nutrition environment score was calculated using five nutrition-related characteristics whereby higher scores correspond to higher support for a healthy school nutrition environment. Trained field workers measured children’s weight and height; BMI-for-age (BMI/A) Z-scores were computed using the 2007 WHO growth reference and, for each school, the mean of the children’s BMI/A Z-scores was calculated. Results: Large between-country differences were found in the availability of food items on the premises (e.g., fresh fruit could be obtained in 12%?95% of schools) and school nutrition environment scores (range: 0.30?0.93). Low-score countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania) graded less than three characteristics as supportive. High-score (?0.70) countries were Ireland, Malta, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia and Sweden. The combined absence of cold drinks containing sugar, sweet snacks and salted snacks were more observed in high-score countries than in low-score countries. Largest within-country school nutrition environment scores were found in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania. All country-level BMI/A Z-scores were positive (range: 0.20?1.02), indicating higher BMI values than the 2007 WHO growth reference. With the exception of Norway and Sweden, a country-specific association between the school nutrition environment score and the school BMI/A Z-score was not observed. Conclusions: Some European countries have implemented more school policies that are supportive to a healthy nutrition environment than others. However, most countries with low school nutrition environment scores also host schools with supportive school environment policies, suggesting that a uniform school policy to tackle the “unhealthy” school nutrition environment has not been implemented at the same level throughout a country and may underline the need for harmonized school policies. PMID:25361044

Wijnhoven, Trudy M.A.; van Raaij, Joop M.A.; Sjöberg, Agneta; Eldin, Nazih; Yngve, Agneta; Kunešová, Marie; Starc, Gregor; Rito, Ana I.; Duleva, Vesselka; Hassapidou, Maria; Martos, Éva; Pudule, Iveta; Petrauskiene, Ausra; Farrugia Sant’Angelo, Victoria; Hovengen, Ragnhild; Breda, João

2014-01-01

217

Effectiveness of school network for childhood obesity prevention (SNOCOP) in primary schools of Saraburi Province, Thailand.  

PubMed

This research was designed to test the effectiveness of a school network for childhood obesity prevention (SNOCOP) in primary schools; a program that aimed to improve student behavior in terms of knowledge, attitude, intention towards obesity prevention, and their food consumption behavior. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest time series study was conducted. By 2-stage stratified sampling selection 180 students from 6 schools were assigned to the intervention group and 195 students from 6 schools to the control group at Saraburi Province, Thailand in 2006- 2007. In addition, thirty-one participants being school administrators, teachers, parents, and community members from six schools formed the social network initiating the intervention. The schoolchildren in the intervention group improved their eating behavior, knowledge, attitude, intention towards obesity preventive behavior. The six schools of the intervention group changed school policies and school activities aiming to reduce the proportion of obesity among their student. No such activities could be observed in the control group. These findings suggest that the School-Social Network of Childhood Obesity Prevention program is an effective means to prevent childhood obesity. PMID:19842420

Banchonhattakit, Pannee; Tanasugarn, Chanuantong; Pradipasen, Mandhana; Miner, Kathleen R; Nityasuddhi, Dechavudh

2009-07-01

218

Bullying and victimization of primary school children in England and Germany: Prevalence and school factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in deé nitions and methodologies for assessing bullying in primary school children between countries have precluded direct comparisons of prevalence rates and school factors related to bullying. A total of 2377 children in England (6-year-olds\\/Year 2: 1072; 8-year-olds\\/Year 4: 1305) and 1538 in Germany (8-year-olds\\/Year 2) were questioned individually using an identical standard interview. In both countries the types

Dieter Wolke; Sarah Woods; Katherine Stanford; Henrike Schulz

2001-01-01

219

Sustainability of Gains Made in a Primary School HIV Prevention Programme in Kenya into the Secondary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question addressed in this paper is whether the beneficial effects of Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), an HIV prevention programme delivered in Kenyan primary schools, continue once students move on to secondary schools. Questionnaires were completed in December 2005 and January 2006 by all form 1-3 students in 154 randomly…

Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor

2010-01-01

220

When Reform Hits Reality: The Bottleneck Effect in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of analysis and research into primary education in general, and primary school leadership in particular, has left primary practitioners exposed like never before to the vagaries of policy-makers and unpredictable contextual pressures. The purpose of this article is to initiate discussion on the state of primary school leadership in Hong…

Cheng, Yin Chong; Walker, Allan

2008-01-01

221

Health Education in Primary School Textbooks in Iran in School Year 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Health education in schools is one of the most effective ways of promoting health in a society. Studies have shown the effectiveness of health interventions aimed at improving students’ knowledge, attitude, and behaviors about health issues. The aim of this study was to evaluate health issues in primary school textbooks in Iran. Materials and Methods: In school year 2010–2011, the contents of all primary school textbooks in Iran were assessed in accordance to their health-related teachings. Health lessons of these 27 textbooks in the form of picture and text were retrieved and analyzed using content analysis method. Results: In total, 502 health-related lessons were found. The textbooks of the third grade contained the highest (144) and those of the fourth grade had the lowest (26) number of health lessons. Among health-related issues, the largest number (87) of lessons were about personal hygiene, while prevention of high risk behaviors comprised the least number (8). Some important health issues such as nutrition, oral health, and prevention of high-risk behaviors were not adequately discussed in the textbooks. Conclusion: The potential of primary school textbooks in delivering health messages has been neglected in Iran. Taking the critical importance of school ages into account, incorporating health issues in textbooks should be more strongly emphasized. PMID:25628680

Kazemian, Reza; Ghasemi, Hadi; Movahhed, Taraneh; Kazemian, Ali

2014-01-01

222

Look and Do Ancient Greece. Teacher's Manual: Primary Program, Greek Art & Architecture [and] Workbook: The Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece [and] K-4 Videotape. History through Art and Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource, containing a teacher's manual, reproducible student workbook, and a color teaching poster, is designed to accompany a 21-minute videotape program, but may be adapted for independent use. Part 1 of the program, "Greek Architecture," looks at elements of architectural construction as applied to Greek structures, and demonstrates Greek

Luce, Ann Campbell

223

Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

2014-01-01

224

Factors associated with pupil toilet use in kenyan primary schools.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C

2014-09-01

225

Combining Centralized and Decentralized Curricular Approached in the School Curriculum Structure: The Case of Autonomous Primary Schools in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autonomous schools in Israel are faced with the challenge of integrating centralized and decentralized curricular approaches. The curriculum structure by which schools attempt to comply with national curricula standards and achieve school autonomy is examined. Case studies of three primary schools involved document analysis, observation,…

Silberstein, Moshe; Sabar, Naama

226

Intercultural Communication in the Malaysian Vision Schools: Implications for the Management and Leadership in a Multicultural Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses intercultural communication in Vision Schools in Malaysia. It also elaborates the extent to which the Vision Schools foster racial interaction across the three major ethnic groups: Malays, Chinese, and Indians. A total of 887 primary school students were surveyed across the Vision Schools. It was found that the intercultural…

Othman, Azam; Ruslan, Norbaiduri; Ahmad, Ismail Sheikh

2012-01-01

227

Factors affecting nutritional status of Malaysian primary school children.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the nutritional status of a randomly selected cohort of school children and the factors affecting it. This random survey was conducted in the state of Selangor, involving 1,405 primary students (aged 9-10 years from 54 national primary schools). Physical examination was carried out on all the students. Information on the students was also obtained from the parents. Blood samples were taken by using the finger pricking technique. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure of physical growth. The students were mainly from urban areas (82.9%). The mean age was 9.71 years and a higher proportion was females (51%). Malays constituted 83.6%, Indians 11.6% and Chinese 4.2% of the study population. The mean weight and height were 32.30 kg and 135.18 cm respectively. The mean BMI was 17.42 kg/m2, with 1.2% of the students underweight, 76.3% normal BMI, 16.3% overweight and 6.3% were obese. Nutritional status was significantly related to blood pressure, history of breast feeding, eating fast food, taking canned/bottled drinks, income and educational level of parents. Significant differences in nutritional status between sexes and locations (rural/urban) were also found. The prevalence of overweight and obese children was of concern. There is thus an urgent need for the School Health Program to periodically monitor the school children's eating habits and physical growth. Appropriate counselling on nutritional intake and physical activities should be given not only to schoolchildren but also to their teachers and parents or caregivers. PMID:16425649

Zaini, M Z Anuar; Lim, C T; Low, W Y; Harun, F

2005-01-01

228

The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

2012-01-01

229

Assessing knowledge of primary school teachers on specific learning disabilities in two schools in India  

PubMed Central

Background: Evaluation of fund of knowledge about SLD among kindergarten and primary school teachers is essential to avoid misdiagnosis of SLD and to plan for specific teacher education to enable early identification of SLD among children. Aim: To assess the knowledge of learning disability among primary school teachers in India and to investigate its psychometric properties. Materials and Methods: An observational study was carried out 34 primary school teachers from 2 different schools in Puducherry town agreed to participate in this study with informed consent. We used a multiple choice questionnaire format with a total of 50 questions, 5 choices for each question and a total score of 50. The study was held at the schools where these teachers were employed using pen and paper testing method and data were entered into the computer for statistical analysis. Statistical Analysis: Total scores on the questionnaire of all teachers were calculated. Content validity, reliability coefficient, discrimination factor, and facility factor were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: 29% of the questions were correctly answered by all 34 teachers. The mean total score for this sample was 14.50 ± 9 and total item score for the 50 items was 9.90 ± 4. Cronbach's (?) reliability was 0.89. Overall discrimination index was + 0.2 and facility factor analysis score was 0.26. Conclusions: Validation of this new screening questionnaire was successful in Indian setting. It has to be used in other settings to extrapolate our findings. PMID:24083280

Lingeswaran, Anand

2013-01-01

230

The Boy Who Was Drawing Princesses: Primary Teachers' Accounts of Children's Non-Conforming Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to raise awareness of sexual minority issues with a special focus on the primary school domain in Greece. Greece is considered a conservative country where most people regard homosexuality as taboo and non-heterosexual people as an invisible group. Research data from interviewing primary Greek teachers showed that…

Gerouki, Margarita

2010-01-01

231

Partnership Learning: An Imperative for the Continuing Professional Development of Primary School Teachers in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasis has been on in-service training of primary school teachers in Nigeria with low laid down practises of continued professional development of teachers. This paper submits that there is need for school based professional development programmes for primary school teachers in Nigeria if they are to remain effective.

Ushie, Beshel Cee

2009-01-01

232

Peer Learning in Primary School Science: Theoretical Perspectives and Implications for Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines cognitive models of peer learning in school and the implications that these models have for the teaching of science in primary schools. The article is a product of the European Commission, Socrates Comenius 2.1 funded project "The Implementation of Scientific Thinking in (Pre) Primary Schools Settings (STIPPS)" project…

Thurston, A.; Van de Keere, K.; Kosack, W.; Gatt, S.; Marchal, J.; Mestdagh, N.; Schmeinck, D.; Sidor, W.; Topping, K. J.; Donnert, K.

2007-01-01

233

Primary Schools and the Delivery of Relationships and Sexuality Education: The Experience of Queensland Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary school provides an appropriate opportunity for children to commence comprehensive relationships and sexuality education (RSE), yet many primary school teachers avoid teaching this subject area. In the absence of teacher confidence and competence, schools have often relied on health promotion professionals, external agencies and/or one-off…

Johnson, Rebecca L.; Sendall, Marguerite C.; McCuaig, Louise A.

2014-01-01

234

Developments in Motivation and Achievement during Primary School: A Longitudinal Study on Group-Specific Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain insight in developmental trajectories of motivation during upper primary school, the present study focused on how different aspects of students' motivation, i.e., task-orientation, self-efficacy, and school investment develop from grade three to six of primary school and how these developments differ for boys and girls, and students with…

Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique

2013-01-01

235

Changes in Student Populations and Average Test Scores of Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the relation between student population characteristics and average test scores per school in the final grade of primary education from a dynamic perspective. Aggregated data of over 5,000 Dutch primary schools covering a 6-year period were used to study the relation between changes in school populations and shifts in mean…

Luyten, Hans; de Wolf, Inge

2011-01-01

236

The Effects of Servant Leadership on Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Primary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of servant leadership behaviours of primary school principals on teachers' school commitment. The research data were collected from 563 teachers working in primary schools in Duzce. Servant leadership behaviours of principals were measured with a servent organizational leadership assessment scale, and the teachers'…

Cerit, Yusuf

2010-01-01

237

Developing and Implementing a Mobile Conservation Education Unit for Rural Primary School Children in Lao PDR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine the implementation and success of a mobile conservation education unit targeting primary schools in central Lao PDR (People's Democratic Republic). The mobile unit conducted 3-hour interactive programs for school children focused on the importance of wildlife and biodiversity around the primary schools in rural…

Hansel, Troy; Phimmavong, Somvang; Phengsopha, Kaisone; Phompila, Chitana; Homduangpachan, Khiaosaphan

2010-01-01

238

Mathematics Performance and Principal Effectiveness: A Case Study of Some Coastal Primary Schools in Sri Lanka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method research study is situated in the school effectiveness research paradigm to examine the correlation between the effectiveness of urban, primary school principals and their students' performance in mathematics. Nine, urban, primary schools from Negombo, a coastal fishing area in Sri Lanka, were selected; their student achievements…

Egodawatte, Gunawardena

2012-01-01

239

Changes in student populations and average test scores of Dutch primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the relation between student population characteristics and average test scores per school in the final grade of primary education from a dynamic perspective. Aggregated data of over 5,000 Dutch primary schools covering a 6-year period were used to study the relation between changes in school populations and shifts in mean test scores. Path analysis findings indicate

Hans Luyten; Inge de Wolf

2011-01-01

240

A Multidimensional Approach to Determinants of Computer Use in Primary Education: Teacher and School Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central aim of this study was to test a model that integrates determinants of educational computer use. In particular, the article examines teacher and school characteristics that are associated with different types of computer use by primary school teachers. A survey was set up, involving 527 teachers from 68 primary schools in Flanders. A…

Tondeur, J.; Valcke, M.; van Braak, J.

2008-01-01

241

Teaching Beliefs: A Comparison between Italian Primary and Secondary School Trainee Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents research which compares the teaching beliefs of primary and secondary school trainee teachers. Participants were 177 trainee teachers, 92 enrolled in a primary school teacher degree course, and 85 enrolled in a postgraduate teacher training course specifically for music teaching at secondary school level (middle and high…

Biasutti, Michele

2012-01-01

242

An outbreak of scarlet fever in a primary school.  

PubMed

Scarlet fever, due to infection with an erythrogenic toxin-producing Group A streptococcus, is an uncommon and generally mild illness, although serious sequelae do occur. In March 2009, 57 of the 126 (45%) pupils in a primary school in Lancashire, UK developed scarlet fever over a 4-week period. Infection was transmitted via direct contact between pupils, particularly among the youngest pupils. A significant degree of transmission also occurred between siblings. The median number of days absent from school was 3 (range 1-10 days). No children were hospitalised. Control measures, including hygiene advice to the school and exclusion of pupils for 24h while initiating penicillin treatment, were ineffective. The outbreak occurred against a background of an unusually high incidence of invasive Group A streptococcal infection. While there are national guidelines for the control of invasive disease, none exist for the control of scarlet fever outbreaks. This prolonged outbreak of scarlet fever highlights the need for an evidence based approach to outbreak management. PMID:21068078

Lamden, K H

2011-04-01

243

Acute physical activity and delayed attention in primary school students.  

PubMed

To examine the influence of different types of exertion on immediate and delayed attention in 116 primary school children divided in three groups of exertion [cognitive exertion - CE (school curricular lesson), physical exertion - PE (traditional physical education lesson), mixed cognitive and physical exertion - CPE (coordinative physical education lesson)]. CPE was the combination of physical load due to the practice of physical exercises and of cognitive load requested to perform movement-based problem solving tasks requiring accurate timing, temporal estimations, temporal production, and spatial adjustments. Children's attentional capacity was tested before (pre) and after (at 0?min and at 50?min post) a CE, a PE, or a CPE lesson, using the d2-test of attention, and analyzed using a 3?×?3?×?2 mixed analysis of covariance with exertion type and time as within factors, gender as between factor, and baseline data as covariate. Effect sizes were calculated as partial eta squared (?(2) ). Results showed that participants' attentional performance was significantly affected by exertion type (P?school children. PMID:25134779

Gallotta, M C; Emerenziani, G P; Franciosi, E; Meucci, M; Guidetti, L; Baldari, C

2014-08-18

244

A Survey of Rural Primary School Music Education in Northeastern China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China has been instituting national basic education curriculum reforms since 2001. This study provides an updated understanding of present-day, rural primary school music education in Northeastern China's Tonghua region. A total of 126 rural primary music teachers and 674 students from 28 primary schools in the region were surveyed using a…

Sun, Zuodong; Leung, Bo Wah

2014-01-01

245

Prospecting for Support in a Wild Environment: Investigating a School-to-School Support System for Primary School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on data collected from a series of semi-structured interviews with head teachers and other stakeholders on the impact and effectiveness of the introduction of a Primary School Improvement Group (PSIG) by the Local Authority (LA). The PSIG was introduced as a response to concerns expressed by the Department of Education about the…

Abbott, Ian; Middlewood, David; Robinson, Susan

2014-01-01

246

Red, Yellow, Blue: A Primary Study of the Strengths, Limitations and Challenges of Arts Magnet Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary, exploratory study combines the limited literature on arts magnet schools with the writings of arts activists and the narratives of several arts magnet school administrators in an attempt to understand arts magnet schools better. The paper illuminates some of the strengths of arts magnet schools as well as some of the limitations and…

Halquist, Don

247

The Interplay between Instructional and Entrepreneurial Leadership Styles in Cyprus Rural Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how school principals combine instructional and entrepreneurial aspects of leadership in their effort to build capacity for student learning. Four cases of successful school principals in rural primary schools in Cyprus are described as part of the International Successful School Principalship Project…

Pashiardis, Petros; Savvides, Vassos

2011-01-01

248

An Inside Look at School Reform: What We Have Learned about Assessing Student Learning in a Nongraded Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides background information on school reform and describes efforts to implement an assessment system for students with disabilities in 12 nongraded primary classrooms. Background information briefly covers the school restructuring movement, the history of nongraded primary education, alternative assessment strategies which focus on…

Hall, Tracey E.; Baker, Scott

249

The Importance of Being Literate: Reading Development in Primary School and Its Consequences for the School Career in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an eight-year longitudinal study of Dutch children on the relationship of the development of reading ability in primary schools with general academic success. Finds that young children with reading problems in primary school keep them throughout their educational career. (CFR)

Boland, Theo

1993-01-01

250

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools Project: An Interim Report on School Leaders' Roles in Curriculum Development in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an interim report on a two-phase study of curriculum innovation in primary schools in England during one of the most significant periods of change for the last two decades. More specifically, the study addresses the challenges to school leaders created by the Rose Review of the primary curriculum. This article presents and…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane; Rhodes, Christopher

2010-01-01

251

The effect of free primary education policy on late school entry in urban primary schools in Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late school entry is driven by several factors, one of the key ones being the cost barrier to schooling. Policies such as free primary education (FPE) that advocate for universal coverage are therefore partly aimed at removing the cost barrier. The Kenyan Government, like many in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), introduced FPE in 2003 with the aim of universalising access to schooling, which is one of the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) it signed up to achieve. Based on a case study of four sites in Nairobi, the aim of this paper is to assess whether the FPE policy has affected late enrolment. The data used were collected by the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) and comprise a sub-sample of 4,325 first-graders during 2000-2005. The paper applies a probit model to assess the impact of the policy on the basis of marginal effects on the predicted probability of late enrolment. The results show that the FPE policy reduces the probability of late enrolment by 14 per cent. The reduction in probability of late enrolment was greater among children residing in slums (16 per cent) than those in non-slums (9 per cent). The main implication of the findings for policy makers is that cost barriers are a likely cause of over-age enrolment.

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Mutisya, Maurice

2013-11-01

252

An 'Extra Pair of Hands'? Managing Classroom Assistants in Scottish Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the Classroom Assistant Initiative in Scottish primary schools. Finds that in many schools, there was insufficient time for teachers and assistants to plan their work together, thus limiting the benefits of Initiative. (Contains 25 references.) (PKP)

Wilson, Valerie; Schlapp, Ursula; Davidson, Julia

2003-01-01

253

Survey of administration of medicines to pupils in primary schools within the London area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the policy, administration, and supervision of medicine administration in primary schools within the Greater London area (GLA).Design: A prospective survey using postal questionnaires sent to 172 randomly selected primary schools within the GLA.Participants: Head teachers of primary schools.Results: Some 65% of head teachers replied. Less than 50% of responding head teachers had actually read the national guidelines

I C K Wong; T Awolowo; K Gordon; Y W Mo

2004-01-01

254

HIV stress in primary school teachers in Zambia.  

PubMed Central

A study was made of stress factors experienced by primary school teachers in Zambia after they had attended a course on stress management and counselling skills. Their pupils were significantly affected by poverty, death and illness of parents, fellow-pupils and teachers, teenage sex and pregnancy, violence in the home and, among girls, low self-esteem. The HIV epidemic had a major bearing on these factors, and there were wide-ranging effects on the teachers' own lives. Despite the training they had been given, many teachers felt that they could not adequately counsel their pupils on these matters. The teachers were in need of continuing support and training to enable them to cope with this aspect of their work. PMID:10212524

Baggaley, R.; Sulwe, J.; Chilala, M.; Mashambe, C.

1999-01-01

255

"This Is No French School": Language and Education Traditions in Primary Schooling in Cameroon -- A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study draws on the concepts of instrumental and expressive orders to analyse school practice in two Anglophone and two Francophone primary schools in Cameroon, and how micro processes of language socialisation in the schools studied instantiated Anglophone and Francophone education traditions and related to macro processes of systems of…

Nana, Genevoix

2013-01-01

256

Towards a Model for Research on the Effects of School Organizational Health Factors on Primary School Performance in Trinidad & Tobago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a model for research on the effects of school organizational heath factors on primary school academic achievement in Trinidad and Tobago. The model can be applicable for evaluating schools in other developing countries. As proposed, the model hypothesizes relationships between external factors (exogenous variables),…

Ramdass, Mala; Lewis, Theodore

2012-01-01

257

Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) Project: Fun Presentations for Physicists to Take into Schools Worldwide (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physicists in Primary Schools (PIPS) project is a joint venture initiated by the UK Women in Physics Group. A team from the University of Sheffield, with Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council funding, has developed fun presentations and novel class activities using everyday articles for physicists to take into primary schools. The objectives are to instill enthusiasm in young children-including girls-through the enjoyment and excitement of physics, and support primary school teachers with a curriculum which includes many abstract concepts. All PIPS material is free to download from the Institute of Physics website (www.iop.org/pips), providing PowerPoint presentations and detailed explanations, as well as videos of the activities in classrooms. The topics are suitable for children age 4 to 11 years. There is interest in translating the presentations into other languages as there are few words on the slides and the material is likely valuable for older age groups. The presentations therefore have the potential to be useful worldwide.

Marks, Ann

2009-04-01

258

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However,…

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-01-01

259

A Prototype Greek Text to Greek Sign Language Conversion System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language (GSL) conversion system is presented. The system is integrated into an educational platform that addresses the needs of teaching GSL grammar and was developed within the SYNENNOESE project (Efthimiou "et al." 2004a. Developing an e-learning platform for the Greek sign language. "In":…

Kouremenos, Dimitris; Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita; Efthimiou, Eleni; Ntalianis, Klimis

2010-01-01

260

A prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language conversion system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, a prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language (GSL) conversion system is presented. The system is integrated into an educational platform that addresses the needs of teaching GSL grammar and was developed within the SYNENNOESE project (Efthimiou et al. 2004a. Developing an e-learning platform for the Greek sign language. In: K. Miesenberger, J. Klaus, and W. Zagler,

Dimitris Kouremenos; Stavroula-Evita Fotinea; Eleni Efthimiou; Klimis S. Ntalianis

2010-01-01

261

Sport involvement, sport violence and health behaviours of Greek adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Within the context of problem-behaviour theory, this study investigated the intra-relationship between attitudes and behaviours towards exercise, sport involvement, violence in sport-related events, eating fruits, smoking and hashish or ecstasy use in a sample of Greek adolescents. Age and gender patterns are considered. Methods: Participants were 5991 Greek school pupils who responded to questionnaires assessing behaviour and attitudes towards

ATHANASIOS PAPAIOANNOU; CALLIOPE KARASTOGIANNIDOU; YANNIS THEODORAKIS

2004-01-01

262

Ancient Greek Calendars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Greek festival calendars were in origin lunar, eventually being aligned with the sun through various lunisolar intercalary cycles. Each city-state had its own calendar, whose month names have some, little, or no similarity with those of other city-states. These names often reflect gods or festivals held in their honor in a given month, so there is an explicitly sacred character to the calendar. New Year's Day could also differ from one state to another, but generally began with the sighting of the first new moon after one of the four tropical points. Even the introduction of the Roman Julian calendar brought little uniformity to the eastern Greek calendars. The calendar is one of the elements which can assist in understanding the siting of Greek sacred structures.

Hannah, Robert

263

The Prevalence of ADHD among Primary School Children in an Arabian Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study is to identify Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders among primary school children in the State of Qatar. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study is conducted from March 2004 to February 2005. A total of 2,000 primary school students, ages 6 to 12, are selected, and 1,541 students (77.1%) give consent to…

Bener, Abdulbari; Al Qahtani, Razna; Abdelaal, Ibrahim

2006-01-01

264

Drawing Digital Pictures: An Investigation of Primary Pupils' Representations of ICT and Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively restricted nature of children's use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) inside the school setting has long been noted by researchers. With this in mind, this article offers a grounded analysis of drawings collected from 355 primary pupils (years three to six) from five English primary schools depicting desired…

Selwyn, Neil; Boraschi, Daniela; Ozkula, Suay Melisa

2009-01-01

265

Strategies for and Successes with Promoting Social Integration in Primary Schools in Canada and China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined social integration in 11 primary schools in Canada and 19 primary schools in China as reported by teachers in terms of the strategies employed to promote social integration and success in achieving social integration. Structured interviews were conducted with 64 Canadian and 52 Chinese general education teachers. The results…

Dyson, Lily

2012-01-01

266

Perceived Sources of Occupational Stress among Primary School Teachers in Delta State of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the most prevalent sources of occupational stress and also the demographic variables of gender, age and length of service among primary school teachers in Delta State. Two research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study used a descriptive survey design. The population was the primary school teachers in…

Akpochafo, G. O.

2012-01-01

267

A Study on the Evaluation of Science Projects of Primary School Students Based on Scientific Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study re-evaluated 454 science projects that were prepared by primary school students between 2007 and 2011 within the scope of Science Projects Event for Primary School Students. Also, submitted to TUBITAK BIDEB Bursa regional science board by MNE regional work groups in accordance with scientific research methods and techniques, including…

Gungor, Sema Nur; Ozer, Dilek Zeren; Ozkan, Muhlis

2013-01-01

268

The Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours of Primary School Teachers on Their Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was examined in this study whether organizational citizenship behaviours of primary school teachers predict the level of their burnout. Correlation and multi regression analysis were used for this. Survey model was used in this descriptive study. Data were collected from 1699 primary school teachers working in Mersin. Maslach Burnout Inventory…

Inandi, Yusuf; Buyukozkan, Ayse Sezin

2013-01-01

269

Primary School Students' Ideas Concerning the Apparent Movement of the Moon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, primary school students' ideas concerning the apparent movement of the Moon are investigated. The research was carried out in five primary schools of Athens (Greece) with a sample of forty (40), fifth and sixth grade students. Semistructured interviews were used to gather scientific data and students had the opportunity to…

Starakis, John; Halkia, Krystallia

2010-01-01

270

Science and Technology Teachers' Views of Primary School Science and Technology Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenographic study attempts to explicit science and technology teachers' views of primary school science and technology curriculum. Participants of the study were selected through opportunistic sampling and consisted of 30 science and technology teachers teaching in primary schools in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Data were collected through an…

Yildiz-Duban, Nil

2013-01-01

271

Comparing the Characteristics of Schools That Produce High Percentages and Low Percentages of Primary Care Physicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared characteristics of the 25 medical schools producing the lowest percentage of primary care physicians with the 25 producing the largest percentage. Results indicate differences in school commitment to primary care education, research programs, and clinical environments supporting required clerkships, suggesting educational…

Whitcomb, Michael E.; And Others

1992-01-01

272

Making the Transition to Primary School: An Evaluation of a Transition Program for Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to primary school is an important time for both children and parents. The aim of this randomized controlled study was to assess the effectiveness of a Transition to Primary School Parent Program in strengthening parent knowledge and confidence to manage the transition process, increasing parent involvement in their children's…

Giallo, Rebecca; Treyvaud, Karli; Matthews, Jan; Kienhuis, Mandy

2010-01-01

273

Puberty, Health and Sexual Education in Australian Regional Primary Schools: Year 5 and 6 Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this paper investigates why teachers in regional primary schools in the Ballarat region of Victoria, Australia, are choosing to outsource the teaching of sexuality education. A survey was conducted of 29 Year 5 and Year 6 teachers from local primary schools. The teachers provided information about: their confidence in…

Duffy, Bernadette; Fotinatos, Nina; Smith, Amanda; Burke, Jenene

2013-01-01

274

Resilience and Depression in Children: Mental Health Promotion in Primary Schools in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This population-based study reports depression rates in primary schools in China and application of a holistic intervention program to promote resilience and prevent depression in primary schools using a prospective intervention research design. Kovaks’ Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) was used to measure depressive symptoms in children and a student survey was developed to measure student resilience and associated protective factors.

Donald Stewart; Jing Sun

2007-01-01

275

Meaningful Cultural Learning by Imitative Participation: The Case of Abstract Thinking in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes a theory-driven approach to meaningful learning in primary schools, based on the Vygotskian cultural-historical theory of human development and learning. This approach is elaborated into an educational concept called "developmental education" that is implemented in the Netherlands in many primary schools. In this approach,…

van Oers, Bert

2012-01-01

276

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the New Primary School Mathematics Curriculum in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine and compare the views of primary school teachers on the implementation and effectiveness of the new primary school mathematics curriculum. For that aim, a 32-item Likert-type Mathematics Curriculum Scale was developed. The reliability of the scale was tested through Cronbach Alpha (0.98), Spearman-Brown (0.93)…

Gomleksiz, Mehmet Nuri; Bulut, Ilhami

2007-01-01

277

Analysis of the Primary School Teachers' Perception of Organizational Health in Terms of Different Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to analyse the primary school teachers' perception of organizational health in terms of different variables. The sampling of the study is comprised of 385 primary school teachers who attended a course in Aksaray and Esenkoy in-service training centers. The Organizational Health Inventory (OHI-S), which was developed by Hoy…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2006-01-01

278

Behaviour-Emotional Characteristics of Primary-School Children Rated as Having Language Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Primary-school teachers are expected to detect problems related to language function, but the teachers' evaluations may be heavily influenced by gender and classroom behaviour. Aim: To investigate the relationship between language problems (LPs) and behaviour-emotional problems as rated by primary-school teachers. Methods: All…

Lundervold, A. J.; Heimann, M.; Manger, T.

2008-01-01

279

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

280

Transition for a Student with Special Educational Needs from Primary to Secondary School in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the authors employ a case study approach to investigate the transition process for a student with special educational needs from a Hong Kong subsidised primary school into a secondary school. An analysis of transcripts from individual and focus group interviews with the student, his parents, his 4 primary teachers and his 10…

Forlin, Chris; Sin, Kenneth Kuen-Fung; Maclean, Rupert

2013-01-01

281

Bullying and Victimization Behaviors in Boys and Girls at South Korean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of bullying and victimization behaviors in boys and girls at South Korean primary schools. Method: In a cross-sectional survey, 1,344 fourth-grade primary school children completed a questionnaire on self-reported bullying and victimization behaviors, depression, anxiety, body image, coping…

Yang, Su-Jin; Kim, Jae-Min; Kim, Sung-Wan; Shin, Il-Seon; Yoon, Jin-Sang

2006-01-01

282

A Pilot Study of Using Jazz Warm Up Exercises in Primary School Choir in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study is to examine whether it is valuable to implement jazz choral practice in Hong Kong primary school setting. The findings can serve as a reference to explore the possibilities of promoting jazz education in Asian countries or in China. The participants were 70 public primary school students from grade 2 to 5 in Hong Kong. All…

Chen, Jason Chi Wai; Lee, Han Wai

2013-01-01

283

What Informs Primary School Principals' Decision-Making in Relation to Teacher Placement in Class Levels?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging decisions for primary school principals is to decide what class level each of their teachers will teach. It seems there is very little research on the way principals go about making these decisions. Government reforms have had significant impact on the role of the primary school principal in New Zealand, and a trend has…

Carlyon, Tracey; Fisher, Anthony

2012-01-01

284

The Understandings of Global Warming and Learning Styles: A Phenomenographic Analysis of Prospective Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, statements by prospective primary school teachers such as "I think the word global warming ..." or "I think the term global warming means ..." were analyzed by using qualitative phenomenographic research methods. 142 female (48.3%) and 152 male (51.7%) primary school teacher candidates (n = 294) participated in the study. Moreover,…

Demirkaya, Hilmi

2008-01-01

285

Organisational Conditions to Boost or Limit Professional Development in the Cypriot Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I examine which organisational conditions can promote or limit the professional development of teachers in the Cypriot primary school. The discussion builds on findings from a study I conducted about Cypriot primary school teachers' reflective practices (Loizou 2011). The study was qualitative and used semi-structured…

Loizou, Florentia

2014-01-01

286

The Primary School in Changing Times: The Australian Experience. Educational Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following substantial changes throughout the Australian education system, primary schools are no longer in the protected position of having a regulated flow of clients, a predetermined curriculum, and marginal levels of staff development. This book reviews the impact of this change on Australian primary schools, the people who are involved with…

Townsend, Tony, Ed.

287

The Pattern of Electronic Game Use and Related Bodily Discomfort in Hong Kong Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with…

Lui, Donald P. Y.; Szeto, Grace P. Y.; Jones, Alice Y. M.

2011-01-01

288

The pattern of electronic game use and related bodily discomfort in Hong Kong primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen\\/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with 258 males and 205 females in the

Donald P. Y. Lui; Grace P. Y. Szeto; Alice Y. M. Jones

2011-01-01

289

Learning to Be a Primary School Teacher: Reading One Man's Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few men choose to become primary school teachers. Those who do move into a world often thought of as feminized and contend with a publicly-voiced rhetoric which simultaneously idealizes and demonizes them. This paper turns a spotlight on one student's stories of being a man and a student primary school teacher. It considers how he negotiates the…

Smedley, Sue

2007-01-01

290

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

291

Children's Behavioral Adjustment in Pre-Primary Schools in Tanzania: A Multilevel Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The present study concerns children's behavioral adjustment in the context of pre-primary schools in Tanzania. Twenty teachers and 320 children from 20 pre-primary schools participated in the study. Teacher-child relationships, children's behavioral adjustment, and teachers' cultural beliefs were reported by…

Shavega, Theresia J.; Brugman, Daniel; van Tuijl, Cathy

2014-01-01

292

Cyclone-Resistant Rural Primary School Construction - A Design Guide. Educational Building Report 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of documents on design of disaster-resistant buildings, this publication treats construction of rural primary schools to resist destruction by wind and water from cyclones. Also appropriate for other buildings, material is aimed at rural primary schools because they are less likely to be professionally designed or supervised; the…

Sinnamon, Ian T.; Loo, G. A. van't

293

Do Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Primary School Predict Adolescent Victimisation Trajectories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronic victimisation in adolescence is a traumatic experience with potential negative long-term health consequences. Given that victimisation has been shown to increase over the transition from primary to secondary school, longitudinal data from 1810 students transitioning from primary to secondary school were used to identify victimisation…

Lester, Leanne; Cross, Donna

2014-01-01

294

Parity of Provision? Learning Support for English and Mathematics in Irish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the differences in learning support provision for English and mathematics in Irish primary schools. Questionnaires were completed by 172 learning support teachers in Irish primary schools, as part of a national assessment of English and mathematics. Few respondents (3%) provide learning support for mathematics only, over…

Surgenor, Paul; Shiel, Gerry

2008-01-01

295

Effect of Case Studies on Primary School Teaching Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of case studies on Primary School Teaching students' attitudes toward chemistry lesson. The study was conducted on 63 freshmen from Department of Primary School Teaching at a university in Turkey. The students were taught using case studies about the subjects of Properties and States of…

Ayyildiz, Yildizay; Tarhan, Leman

2012-01-01

296

Experiences of Violence and Deficits in Academic Achievement among Urban Primary School Children in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between children's experiences of three different types of violence and academic achievement among primary school children in Kingston, Jamaica. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1300 children in grade 5 [mean (S.D.) age: 11 (0.5) years] from 29 government primary schools in urban…

Baker-Henningham, Helen; Meeks-Gardner, Julie; Chang, Susan; Walker, Susan

2009-01-01

297

Teachers' Perceptions about the Barriers and Catalysts for Effective Practices with ICT in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents perceptions of four primary school teachers from two Victorian government primary schools about the barriers and catalyst for effective practices with ICT. Findings of the semi-structured qualitative interviews confirm results of previous studies indicating that access to reliable infrastructure, adequate technical support, and time pressures are still considered to be some of the most significant barriers to

Eva Dakich

2009-01-01

298

Teacher Participation in Decision Making and Its Impact on School and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine teacher involvement in different domains of decision making in Greek primary schools and explore associations with school and teacher variables. Design/methodology/approach: A survey employing self-administered questionnaires, with a Likert-type scale assessing teachers' actual and desired…

Sarafidou, Jasmin-Olga; Chatziioannidis, Georgios

2013-01-01

299

Teacher Retention Problem in Girls Primary Schools in Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar has recently faced a tremendous reform in education that requires changes in many domains and causes a lot of challenges. A very serious challenge is teachers' retention where many teachers tend to leave their schools looking for new jobs. In independent schools as well as governmental schools, teachers switch jobs and therefore schools

Al. Sabbagh, Samah; Al. Megbali, Aisha

2008-01-01

300

Subject-Verb Agreement, Object Clitics and Wh-Questions in Bilingual French-Greek SLI: The Case Study of a French-Greek-Speaking Child with SLI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigate the linguistic performance of a school age French-Greek simultaneous bilingual boy with specific language impairment (SLI) on the production of subject-verb agreement, object clitic pronouns and wh-questions. In addition, we compare his performance on these linguistic structures with that of two French-Greek bilingual…

Stavrakaki, Stavroula; Chrysomallis, Marie-Annick; Petraki, Evangelia

2011-01-01

301

Globalization and Leadership and Management: A Comparative Analysis of Primary Schools in England and Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the impact of processes of globalization on both policy and practice in relation to primary school leadership and management in England and Finland. Data are drawn from case study research carried out from 1994-1996 in six schools in Finland and six schools in England and a follow-up study on teacher professionalism…

Webb, Rosemary; Vulliamy, Graham; Sarja, Anneli; Hamalainen, Seppo

2006-01-01

302

The Impact of AuSSI-WA at a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of the first stage of research on the impact of the Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative (AuSSI) at an independent primary school in Western Australia. A longitudinal (20 year) case study is being conducted, utilizing data related to Education for Sustainability (Emfs) at the school from 1990-2009. 2005 was a…

Lewis, Elaine; Baudains, Catherine; Mansfield, Caroline

2009-01-01

303

Responsibility for Financial Management in Primary Schools: Evidence from an English Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial management in primary schools has changed in the UK with the introduction of the Schools Financial Value Standard (SFVS). There is increasing delegation of financial responsibility to the management team in the school, increasing the role of the head teacher and the governing body as part of overall responsibility for the strategic…

Fitzgerald, Sarah; Drake, Julie

2013-01-01

304

An Analytic Study of the Uneconomic Lower Primary Schools in Malappuram District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A few studies have been conducted on area of uneconomic schools. And most of these studies are related with fertility decline in the state. Purpose: The study intended to find out physical conditions of uneconomic lower primary schools, to identify the factors causing the schools uneconomic and to provide suggestions for improving the…

Vijayakumari, K.; Kayikkara, Vaheeda

2010-01-01

305

Teaching Science in the Primary School: Surveying Teacher Wellbeing and Planning for Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher-researcher in a primary school setting surveyed the middle years' teachers of her school and those in the local science hub group, to determine their confidence and satisfaction levels in relation to teaching science. Her results confirm feelings of inadequacy and reluctance to teach Science, but also indicate ways that schools can…

Morgan, Anne-Marie

2012-01-01

306

Ladies & Gentlemen, Girls & Boys, Grandparents & Community Members: Welcome to the Wowan State Primary School Theatre Restaurant!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the teaching staff from the Central Queensland school of Wowan State Primary School have been responding to recently released Education Queensland initiatives or whole school literacy planning, "Literate Futures: Reading" (Education Queensland, 2002), and a framework for pedagogical reform, "Productive Pedagogies" (Education…

Exley, Beryl

2007-01-01

307

Transfer Paths and Academic Performance: The Primary School Merger Program in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, China's Ministry of Education embarked on an ambitious program of primary school mergers by shutting down small village schools and opening up larger centralized schools in towns and county seats. The goal of the program was to improve the teacher and building resources in an attempt to raise the human capital of…

Mo, Di; Yi, Hongmei; Zhang, Linxiu; Shi, Yaojiang; Rozelle, Scott; Medina, Alexis

2012-01-01

308

Teacher Absence as a Factor in Gender Inequalities in Access to Primary Schooling in Rural Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presence of a teacher in the classroom is central to the provision of schooling, with accumulating evidence showing that teacher absence compromises student learning. Teacher absence is common in schools in low- and middle-income countries. With much of the developing world making rapid progress in achieving universal primary school enrollment…

Ghuman, Sharon; Lloyd, Cynthia

2010-01-01

309

What Do Primary Students Say about School-Based Social Work Programmes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on primary school children's experiences of school-based social work programmes. These students, aged between 6 and 11, and drawn from a student population comprising 28 different cultural backgrounds and from low socio-economic backgrounds, participated in a case study that researched a school-based social work…

Testa, Doris

2014-01-01

310

‘Girls hit!’ Constructing and negotiating violent African femininities in a working-class primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever gender violence and schooling have been the topic of South African research, the investigations focus on African boys in secondary schools. In contrast, this paper focuses on the ways in which violence is mobilized by African schoolgirls in a working-class primary school context. By drawing on selected elements of an ethnographic study of gender in the junior years of

Deevia Bhana

2008-01-01

311

How Individual and School Aggregate Baseline Behavior Levels Moderate Response to a Primary Level Behavior Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our previous research (Benner, Nelson, Sanders, & Ralston, 2012), elementary schools were randomly assigned to either a primary-level behavior intervention directed at externalizing behavior (treatment, n = 7 schools) or to business-as-usual condition (control, n = 6 schools). A screening procedure was used to identify K through 3-grade…

Benner, Gregory J.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Nelson, J. Ron; Ralston, Nicole C.

2013-01-01

312

Are Polish Primary School Pupils in Favor of Wearing Uniforms? Snapshot Comment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss whether Polish primary school pupils want to wear uniforms, and it is motivated by the Polish government's recently proposed policy: Zero Tolerance for Violence at School. Seventy one pupils, who attend Podstawowka Nr30 school in Cracow, were surveyed, and the authors found that most pupils are not in…

Asotska, Julia; Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Brown, Veda E.; Kritsonis, Wiilliam Allan

2007-01-01

313

Choice, Cost and Community: The Hidden Complexities of the Rural Primary School Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National rural policy places the local primary school as a key resource within the rural community, yet as a consequence of countywide financial constraints, some small schools are undergoing reorganization, involving amalgamation, federation and school closure. This article considers the complexities involved in the workings of the English rural…

Walker, Marion

2010-01-01

314

Root Words- Greek and Latin  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Greek and Latin are parts of many of the words you use every day. Using the links provided create 10 new words. Also figure out what the 5 words below mean. Check out these links for help in creating your new words. Sometimes you will need to scroll down to find the information. Latin and Greek Word Elements Greek and Latin Root Words List Latin Greek Roots Index Take Our Word For It Word Translation 1. Chromophobe 2. Loqumal 3. Rogospath 4. Hypnoliver 5. Aquaport Root Words Quiz Select one of the sections one-six and see how well you do now that you have become better acquainted with Greek and ...

Miss B

2007-06-21

315

Light: an experiments based learning approach with primary school children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A pedagogical intervention project was carried out at a primary school in the municipality of Vila Verde, Braga in Portugal. In a class of the 3rd grade, composed of 16 students, a practice of inquiry-based science teaching was implemented, addressing the curricular topic "Light Experiments". Various experimental activities were planned within this topic, including: What is light? How does light travel? Does light travel through every material? How is light reflected by a mirror? This project adopted an action research methodology and had as its main objectives: a) to promote a practical and experimental approach to the science component of the Environmental Studies curricular area; b) to describe the scientific meaning construction process inherent to the topics addressed in the classroom with the children, c) to assess the learning steps and children' achievements. Class diaries were prepared, based on field notes and audio recordings taken in the classroom. Through the analysis of the class diary concerning the topic "materials that let light travel through them" we intend to illustrate the process of construction of scientific meanings promoted in the classroom with our approach.

Abreu, Cátia; Noversa, Silvana; Varela, Paulo; Costa, Manuel F.

2014-07-01

316

Health, safety and environment conditions in primary schools of Northern Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: People spend a considerable part of their childhood time in the schools, a phase that coincides with their physical and mental growth. A healthy educational environment is vital to student's health and wellbeing. Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive study conducted in 100 primary schools (both state and nonprofit schools) from Sari's Districts 1 and 2 in Iran. Sampling was performed by census and data were collected using the standard questionnaire by direct interview. Data were analyzed by Excel and SPSS software (Version 20.0. IBM Corp, Armonk), NY: IBM Corp using independent numerical T2 testing. Results: Significant relationship was observed between the kind of schools (P = 0.045) and their locations (P = 0.024), however the health, safety and environment (HSE) ratings among boys only versus girls only schools were similar (P = 0.159). Interestingly private and nongovernment schools and primary schools from Sari's districts one had consistently higher HSE ratings. Conclusion: The differential and higher HSE ratings in primary schools run by Private organizations and primary schools from Sari's districts one could be due to manager's awareness and implementation of recommended HSE standards, schools neglecting and overlooking these standards had lower HSE ratings. It is necessary that schools with lower HSE ratings are made aware of the guidelines and necessary infrastructures allocated to improve their HSE ratings.

Behzadkolaee, Seyed Mohammad Asadi; Mirmohammadi, Seyed Taghi; Yazdani, Jamshid; Gorji, Ali Morad Heidari; Toosi, Ameneh; Rokni, Mohammad; Gorji, Mohammad Ali Heidari

2015-01-01

317

Values, Increasing Autonomy and Managing the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1988, education deregulation policies in the Netherlands have granted more autonomy to schools. This paper presents findings of a study that analyzed the changing role of school managers that has resulted from such policies. The study identified underlying values in the attitudes of school leaders toward their changing roles as managers of…

Hooge, Edith

318

Developing reading skills of primary children in government school  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the children go to school it is very important to them to learn reading and writing. Their classroom activities come under these two skills. The children working on some projects have to accomplish their work by reading books. Though reading is emphasized more but unfortunately a large number of the students in schools generally and in Government schools particularly,

Salma Naheed

2000-01-01

319

Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Methods: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected…

Sacchetti, Rossella; Ceciliani, Andrea; Garulli, Andrea; Dallolio, Laura; Beltrami, Patrizia; Leoni, Erica

2013-01-01

320

A Longitudinal Study of Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Affiliation During the Transition From Primary School to Middle School1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this longitudinal, multi-method, multi-agent study was to examine changes in bullying, victimization, and aggressive victimization as well as changes in peer affiliation as youngsters made the transition from primary school through the first year of middle school. Results indicated that bullying and aggressive victimization were relatively stable across time, possibly due to temperamental factors. Changes in peer

A. D. Pellegrini; Maria Bartini

2000-01-01

321

School food policy at Dutch primary schools: room for improvement? Cross-sectional findings from the INPACT study  

PubMed Central

Background Schools can play an important role in the prevention of obesity, e.g. by providing an environment that stimulates healthy eating habits and by developing a food policy to provide such an environment. The effectiveness of a school food policy is affected by the content of the policy, its implementation and its support by parents, teachers and principals. The aim of this study is to detect opportunities to improve the school food policy and/or implementation at Dutch primary schools. Therefore, this study explores the school food policy and investigates schools’ (teachers and principals) and parents’ opinion on the school food policy. Methods Data on the schools’ perspective of the food policy was collected from principals and teachers by means of semi-structured interviews. In total 74 principals and 72 teachers from 83 Dutch primary schools were interviewed. Data on parental perceptions about the school food policy were based on a cross-sectional survey among 1,429 parents from the same schools. Results Most principals (87.1%) reported that their school had a written food policy; however in most cases the rules were not clearly defined. Most of the principals (87.8%) believed that their school paid sufficient attention to nutrition and health. Teachers and principals felt that parents were primarily responsible to encourage healthy eating habits among children, while 49.8% of the parents believed that it is also a responsibility of the school to foster healthy eating habits among children. Most parents reported that they appreciated the school food policy and comply with the food rules. Parents’ opinion on the enforcement of the school food policy varied: 28.1% believed that the school should enforce the policy more strongly, 32.1% was satisfied, and 39.8% had no opinion on this topic. Conclusion Dutch primary schools could play a more important role in fostering healthy eating habits among children. The school food policy could be improved by clearly formulating food rules, simplifying supervision of the food rules, and defining how to enforce the food rules. In addition, the school food policy will only influence children’s dietary behaviour if both the school and the parents support the policy. PMID:23587089

2013-01-01

322

Prevalence of sleep disordered breathing symptoms among Malay school children in a primary school in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is increasingly being diagnosed in children. However, there is no prevalence study done in Malaysia. The study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of SDB symptoms based on parental reports and associated risk factors among Malay school children aged 6 to 10 years old in a primary school using a translated University Michigan Paediatric Sleep Questionnaire (Malay UM-PSQ). The children whose parents responded to the questionnaire and consented were examined, documenting height, weight, skin fold thickness, neck and abdominal circumference, tonsillar size, nostril examination and presence of micrognathia or retrognathia. There were 550 respondents. The prevalence of parental report of SDB symptoms was 14.9 % (95 % CI 11.9, 17.9). Two hundred and eighty-five (51.8%) school children were males with mean age of 8.5 years (SD 1.1). The associated risk factors for SDB symptoms are male, obesity, large neck and waist circumference, positive history of asthma, history of recurrent tonsillitis, enlarged tonsil (> 4+) and enlarged nasal turbinate. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender is the only significant independent risk factor of SDB symptoms PMID:22822640

Fadzil Abdullah, A A; Jamalludin, A R; Norrashidah, A W; Norzila, M Z; Asiah Kassim, K; Rus Anida, A; Hasniah, A L; Ramli, Z; Samsinah, H

2012-04-01

323

Primary Teachers' Understanding of Four Chemical Phenomena: Effect of an In-Service Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and thirty Greek primary school teachers participated in a study, where the effectiveness of a specially designed intervention on chemical changes was tested. The study took place in the wider context of an in-service training course where the key feature was an innovative approach based on the concept of a substance and its…

Papageorgiou, George; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Johnson, Philip

2013-01-01

324

Investigating shadows: a pedagogical intervention project with primary school children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This communication results from a pedagogical intervention project, carried out at a primary school in the district of Braga - Portugal. The intervention took place in a class of the 3rd year, composed of 16 students, and it incorporated the practice of inquiry-based science teaching addressing the theme "Light Experiments", which is part of the "Environmental Studies" curricular area. Various class activities were planned and implemented concerning some of the factors that influence the shadow of an object, in order to find answers to the following three questions: a) will 3rd year students, aged 7/8 years, be able to construct and execute an investigation strategy that involves manipulating and controlling variables? b) what are the main difficulties experienced by students in the designing and execution of such a strategy? c) how will students, in interaction with the teacher and with their peers, gradually design and execute their investigation strategy in order to respond to the problem formulated? The project adopted an action research methodology. A careful record was kept of the events most relevant to the questions under study in each class. This data was used to prepare the class diaries - descriptive and reflective narratives prepared based on recorded audio and field notes made during participant observation in the context of the classroom. A content analysis of the diaries has identified a few elements that provide answers to the research questions raised. In order to plan and implement a research project with children in the 7/8 years old range require a high level of scaffolding to allow students to gradually build a coherent strategy to tackle the research problem. Teacher's role is crucial. The teacher, by questioning and inducing reasoning and discussion, promotes encourages and regulates the cognitive activity of students. Some level of autonomy should be given to the students in large group collaborative work.

Noversa, Silvana; Abreu, Cátia; Varela, Paulo; Costa, Manuel F. M.

2014-07-01

325

Assessing the Primary Schools--A Multi-Dimensional Approach: A School Level Analysis Based on Indian Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary education is essential for the economic development in any country. Most studies give more emphasis to the final output (such as literacy, enrolment etc.) rather than the delivery of the entire primary education system. In this paper, we study the school level data from an Indian district, collected under the official DISE statistics. We…

Sengupta, Atanu; Pal, Naibedya Prasun

2012-01-01

326

Pedagogy--How Is It Influenced in Primary Schools? A Comparative Study of Literature about Pedagogical Influences in Primary Schools in England and Poland, with a Focus on English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical review of recent literature comparing pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland. It identifies curriculum, assessment, leadership, teacher perceptions and personal fears as immense influences on pedagogy and considers how these factors influence pedagogy. Comparison of England's prescriptive…

Allison, Ewa Barbara

2010-01-01

327

Feminising and masculinising primary teaching: a critical examination of the interpretive frameworks of male primary school principals in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, the feminisation of primary school teaching has been identified by the media and government officials in Western countries as an important contributing factor to boys' academic problems. This panic, which has been criticised by feminists as a backlash and a form of recuperative politics, has promoted the development of research into gender and education, particularly

Anita K. W. Chan

2011-01-01

328

Toward Professional Development in Science Education for the Primary School Teacher. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 119.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science programs provided for primary school have not always been successful. A major reason suggested is that some programs place demands on teachers which many teachers find difficult to meet and which give rise to concerns which restrict their development as teachers of science. Based on the work of the the Learning in Science Project…

Symington, David; Osborne, Roger

329

Factors influencing access to primary health care via school health services.  

PubMed

The school health and community primary health care contacts were studied for a group of elementary school children who have sociodemographic characteristics often associated with poor access to primary health services. The school system is engaged in a demonstration project that attempts to link the home with community and school services. Visits to the school health room accounted for 85% of all contacts. A visit rate of 1.13 visits/child/year occurred at primary care sites. Ethnicity is the single most important predictor of use of school health services, followed by family status and number of visits for primary health care in the community. In contrast, use of community primary care facilities is best predicted by socioeconomic status (SES), family status, and sex. The patterns of care received by the population were characterized. Children whose care was initiated, referred, or facilitated by the school were designated as receiving "interactive" care, which occurred mostly among minority and lower SES children. The data suggest that the school provides access to preventive health care for all children and facilitates care for segments of the population that usually have difficulty achieving access to the health care system. PMID:7360549

Nader, P R; Gilman, S; Bee, D E

1980-03-01

330

Greek theories on eugenics.  

PubMed Central

With the recent developments in the Human Genome Mapping Project and the new technologies that are developing from it there is a renewal of concern about eugenic applications. Francis Galton (b1822, d1911), who developed the subject of eugenics, suggested that the ancient Greeks had contributed very little to social theories of eugenics. In fact the Greeks had a profound interest in methods of supplying their city states with the finest possible progeny. This paper therefore reviews the works of Plato (The Republic and Politics) and Aristotle (The Politics and The Athenian Constitution) which have a direct bearing on eugenic techniques and relates them to methods used in the present century. PMID:9752630

Galton, D J

1998-01-01

331

Greek Cosmology and Cosmogony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure, composition, and long-term history of the cosmos were prominent topics in many ancient Greek philosophical systems. Philosophers and philosophically informed astronomers differed over whether the cosmos was finite or infinite, eternal or transient, and composed of discrete particles or continuous, homogeneous elements. The Aristotelian cosmology preferred by astronomers following Ptolemy assumed a finite, spherical shell of eternally unalterable matter enclosing a terrestrial globe composed of earth, water, air, and fire.

Jones, Alexander

332

Psychometric evaluation of the Greek Physical Self-Description Questionniare.  

PubMed

To estimate the psychometric properties of the Physical Self-description Questionnaire for deaf high school students, a Greek version was administered to 125 deaf soccer layers and 108 nonexercisers. Confirmatory factor analysis showed adequate factorial structure for the original 11-factor model. Internal consistency and temporal stability were satisfactory for this sample. Also, the construct, discriminant, and predictive validity indices were adequate. These findings supported the use of the Greek version of the Physical Self-description Questionnaire for the assessment of the self-concept of deaf high school students. PMID:16350612

Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos

2005-08-01

333

Homophobia, Transphobia and Culture: Deconstructing Heteronormativity in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents some of the advances in legal support for addressing homophobia and transphobia in school settings and provides a critique of school-based policies that focus on these phenomena as particular incidents involving bullies and victims. Defining heteronormativity as a cultural phenomenon underpinning recognisable acts of…

DePalma, Renee; Jennett, Mark

2010-01-01

334

"Nature" and the "Environment" in Jamaica's Primary School Curriculum Guides  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In cases where environmental education is institutionalised within schools, the curriculum can affect what and how students learn about "nature" and the "environment". In Jamaica, schools are considered important settings for environmental education; the curriculum therefore includes environmental issues. Using content analysis, representations of…

Ferguson, Therese

2008-01-01

335

The Quality of Primary Schools in Different Development Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details a study combining qualitative and quantitative research tools to compare the functioning of schools in China, Guinea, India, and Mexico and in different development contexts within each country. The focus of the analysis was on the critical factors determining the quality of the interactive process taking place in schools, how…

Carron, Gabriel; Chau, Ta Ngoc

336

Pupil Composition and Accountability: An Analysis in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of social class and prior achievement composition effects on pupils' progress and the judgements made about school performance. It finds that there are small but significant compositional effects on pupil progress raising questions about how pupils can best be allocated to schools. Comparisons between the official…

Lauder, Hugh; Kounali, Daphne; Robinson, Tony; Goldstein, Harvey

2010-01-01

337

DISCOVERIES/INVENTIONS School of Medicine in primary care, family  

E-print Network

ASL, which offers sign language by cell phone for deaf and hard-of-hearing people WebAnywhere, a web of Social Work, the school has been in the top 5 since 2005 ­ U.S. News & World Report School of Pharmacy pollution Innovative ways to eradicate disease -- from developing cancer vaccines to stem cell research

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

338

Developing a Language Support Model for Mainstream Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, speech and language therapists (SLTs) work with teachers to support children with language impairment (LI) in mainstream schools. Consultancy approaches are often used, where SLTs advise educational staff who then deliver language-learning activities. However, some research suggests that schools may not always sustain activities as…

McCartney, Elspeth; Ellis, Sue; Boyle, James; Turnbull, Mary; Kerr, Jane

2010-01-01

339

The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education Programme for Primary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine changes in nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of 8-year-old school children after receiving a nutrition education package. A total of 418 school children from urban and rural areas participated in this study. The intervention group consisted of 237 children while 181 children who did not receive the nutrition education package acted as controls. The

Wan Azdie MAB; Ismail MN

340

The new sexuality education curriculum for Queensland primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A departmental review of education curricula in Queensland, Australia has found that minimal or no learning about sexuality education takes place. Its public schools and teachers are able to avoid or not fulfil their obligations regarding the teaching of sexuality education and reproductive health to children and young people. This lacuna in schools' duty of care may significantly compromise the

Juliette D. G. Goldman

2010-01-01

341

Teacher reports of hypoactivity symptoms reflect slow cognitive processing speed in primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mediating effect of cognitive processing speed on the ability of a primary school child to achieve his\\/her full potential\\u000a of intellectual functioning emphasizes the importance of methods to detect “slow” children. Primary school teachers may be\\u000a the first to have concerns about inattentive pupils who show symptoms of hypoactivity, but may find the symptoms difficult\\u000a to interpret. In the

Astri J. Lundervold; Maj-Britt Posserud; Anne-Karin Ullebø; Lin Sørensen; Christopher Gillberg

2011-01-01

342

International online Peer Tutoring to promote modern Language Development in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper presents an eight-week project which promote the language learning of primary school children using reciprocal peer learning with the support of the ICT .The project connected Spanish-speaking English-language learners in Catalonia with English- speaking Spanish-language learners at a Scottish primary school. Each week, the children wrote or corrected a text, depending on their role, tutor or tutee,

Sílvia Blanch Gelabert; David Duran

343

Assessing the Accuracy and Feasibility of a Refractive Error Screening Program Conducted by School Teachers in Pre-Primary and Primary Schools in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Introduction As part of the development of a system for the screening of refractive error in Thai children, this study describes the accuracy and feasibility of establishing a program conducted by teachers. Objective To assess the accuracy and feasibility of screening by teachers. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted in 17 schools in four provinces representing four geographic regions in Thailand. A two-staged cluster sampling was employed to compare the detection rate of refractive error among eligible students between trained teachers and health professionals. Serial focus group discussions were held for teachers and parents in order to understand their attitude towards refractive error screening at schools and the potential success factors and barriers. Results The detection rate of refractive error screening by teachers among pre-primary school children is relatively low (21%) for mild visual impairment but higher for moderate visual impairment (44%). The detection rate for primary school children is high for both levels of visual impairment (52% for mild and 74% for moderate). The focus group discussions reveal that both teachers and parents would benefit from further education regarding refractive errors and that the vast majority of teachers are willing to conduct a school-based screening program. Conclusion Refractive error screening by health professionals in pre-primary and primary school children is not currently implemented in Thailand due to resource limitations. However, evidence suggests that a refractive error screening program conducted in schools by teachers in the country is reasonable and feasible because the detection and treatment of refractive error in very young generations is important and the screening program can be implemented and conducted with relatively low costs. PMID:24926993

Teerawattananon, Kanlaya; Myint, Chaw-Yin; Wongkittirux, Kwanjai; Teerawattananon, Yot; Chinkulkitnivat, Bunyong; Orprayoon, Surapong; Kusakul, Suwat; Tengtrisorn, Supaporn; Jenchitr, Watanee

2014-01-01

344

Uneven Distribution of Novice Teachers in the Chilean Primary School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the allocation of novice primary teachers in Chilean schools, looking at their characteristics and at the attributes of the schools at which they are hired after having completed their initial teacher training. The study reveals that in Chile, more qualified novice teachers are more prone to get jobs in socio-economically…

Meckes, Lorena; Bascope, Martin

2012-01-01

345

Informing One-to-One Computing in Primary Schools: Student Use of Netbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although one-to-one laptop programs are being introduced in many schools, minimal research has been conducted regarding their effectiveness in primary schools. Evidence-based research is needed to inform significant funding, deployment and student use of computers. This article analyses key findings from a study conducted in four Year 7 classrooms…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

346

An Investigation into Primary School Leadership Practice: Introducing the PIVOT Framework of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on doctoral research into the leadership practice of members of senior leadership teams in primary schools in England. We present the research findings as a visual construct representing school leadership as an integrated, holistic and dynamic process, named the PIVOT framework of leadership. This original structure connects…

Cain, Maureen Elizabeth; Gunter, Helen

2012-01-01

347

Child Protection in Primary Schools: A Contradiction in Terms or a Potential Opportunity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the topic of child protection in Irish primary schools, and reports on a recently completed survey of newly qualified teachers' knowledge of and familiarity with their school's child protection policies and procedures. The study was undertaken by means of a questionnaire survey, and conducted with 103 teachers from different…

Buckley, Helen; McGarry, Kathryn

2011-01-01

348

The Effect of Primary School Mergers on Academic Performance of Students in Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the impact of primary school mergers on academic performance of students using a dataset that we collected using a survey designed specifically to examine changes in the academic performance of students before and after their schools were merged. We use difference-in-differences and propensity score matching approaches and demonstrate…

Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott; Loyalka, Prashant

2010-01-01

349

Sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction for New Zealand primary school teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction reported by a sample of New Zealand primary school teachers. The results are seen as broadly consistent with Herzberg's two?factor theory. The usefulness of a single?item measure of overall satisfaction is discussed critically. Comparison between groups of teachers suggests that the pupil intake, the adequacy of the school buildings and playground,

D. Galloway; K. Boswell; F. Panckhurst; C. Boswell; K. Green

1985-01-01

350

Life in a Democratic Society: A Primary School Civics Course for Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes a civics course for primary schools in Poland, grades 6-8. The curriculum was developed as part of the Education for Democratic Citizenship in Poland Project, a cooperative effort of the Polish Ministry of National Education and the Mershon Center, The Ohio State University (United States). The project aims to help schools

Brzakalik, Krystayna; And Others

351

Prevalence of Streaming in UK Primary Schools: Evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The adoption of streaming in the primary school (where children are placed in a class on the basis of measures of attainment and remain in that class all of the time) was commonplace when the 11 plus examination was used to select children for grammar school places. During the 1950s and 1960s the practice died out with most children being taught…

Hallam, Susan; Parsons, Samantha

2013-01-01

352

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Supporting Report and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research presented in this report was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

353

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as collaborations,…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

354

A Typology of Organizational Culture in Primary Schools: Productive, Shaky, Conservative, or Hindering?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of characteristics of types of organizational culture in Hong Kong involved 60 primary schools and 389 teachers. The school organizational culture is classified into four distinctive types: productive, shaky, conservative, and hindering. Each of these types exhibited a distinguishable set of organizational characteristics with contrasting…

Tam, Frank Wai-ming; Cheng, Yin-cheong

2003-01-01

355

Understanding the Mental Health Needs of Primary School Children in an Inner-City Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing awareness of mental health problems among children, and schools are increasingly being encouraged to take a wider role in preventing mental health difficulties. Local population studies are needed to inform delivery of universal through to targeted services. In the current study, parents and teachers of 2% of primary school

Hackett, Latha; Theodosiou, Louise; Bond, Caroline; Blackburn, Clare; Spicer, Freya; Lever, Rachel

2010-01-01

356

The effects of computer games on primary school students' achievement and motivation in geography learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a computer game for learning about geography by primary school students is the focus of this article. Researchers designed and developed a three-dimensional educational computer game. Twenty four students in fourth and fifth grades in a private school in Ankara, Turkey learnt about world continents and countries through this game for three weeks. The effects of the

Hakan Tüzün; Meryem Yilmaz-soylu; Türkan Karakus; Yavuz Inal; Gonca Kizilkaya

2009-01-01

357

Socialising Principals: Early Career Primary School Principals in Trinidad and Tobago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper utilises an interpretivist framework and recent developments in practice theory to examine the conditions which influence practices of socialising into the role of school principal in Trinidad and Tobago. The results indicate that for the 11 early career primary school principals, role socialisation occurs within complex "practice…

Bristol, Laurette Stacy Maria; Brown, Launcelot; Esnard, Talia

2014-01-01

358

Special educational needs in primary and secondary school brochures in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enhanced status of the school brochure in governmental strategy and the reasons for its study provide the opening considerations. There follow a presentation of the sample of brochures and an examination of changes that have occurred over time to the nature of the requirement concerning information about special educational needs which should be included. In the primary school brochure

Ian C. Copeland

2000-01-01

359

Why include children with special needs in primary school LOTE classes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When LOTE (Languages Other Than English) was first introduced into the primary school curriculum during the 1980s and 1990s, there was debate within some school communities concerning the inclusion of children with special educational needs in the language program. Some educators were unsure about whether or not children with special educational needs included in regular classrooms would derive any benefit

Margaret Shield

2004-01-01

360

Peer Observation of Teaching: Perceptions and Experiences of Teachers in a Primary School in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines teachers' perceptions of, and experiences with, professional development opportunities involving a school-based project on peer observation of teaching. The study aims to reveal the ways in which seven teachers in one primary school in Cyprus see themselves as agents improving their own and peers' teaching through informal…

Karagiorgi, Yiasemina

2012-01-01

361

Are low levels of book spending in primary schools jeopardizing the National Literacy Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the National Literacy Strategy was introduced into English primary schools it aimed, among other things, to raise standards of reading and, in so doing, to improve children's ability to use textual sources to enhance their wider learning and enjoyment. We propose that success in achieving these is likely to be affected by the way in which school resources are

Steve Hurd; Malcolm Dixon; Joanna Oldham

2006-01-01

362

Children's Rights in Practice: A Study of Change within a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might a concern with children's spirituality "touch down" within the different spaces, discourses and performances within a school? This article is concerned with the affordances of children's rights discourse in relation to young people's participation, deliberation, and ethical work upon the self, within one primary school in Scotland. We…

I'Anson, John; Allan, Julie

2006-01-01

363

An Investigation of Factors Affecting the Use of Educational Technology in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the related factors that affect the usage of educational technology in primary schools. This study depends on literature analysis and the questionnaire to collect data. Specifically, the items employed in this study were derived from the teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of using…

Kazu, Ibrahim Yasar

2011-01-01

364

Safety in Numbers? Middle-Class Parents and Social Mix in London Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into parents' secondary-school choices suggests that many middle-class parents are keen to secure a middle-class peer group for their children. This article reports the findings of a small-scale, qualitative study into whether a similar phenomenon exists at primary-school level and, if so, why. In-depth interviews were conducted with 56…

Vowden, Kim James

2012-01-01

365

Self-Concept among Primary School Students According to Gender and Academic Achievement Variables in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to explore the level of self-concept among primary school students according to gender and academic achievement variables in Amman. A random sample was chosen from fourth, fifth and sixth grades in private schools in Amman city. The sample of the study consisted of (365) male and female students, (177) males and (188)…

Al-Srour, Nadia Hayel; Al-Ali, Safa Mohammad

2013-01-01

366

Teaching Mathematics in Two Languages: A Teaching Dilemma of Malaysian Chinese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a teaching dilemma faced by mathematics teachers in the Malaysian Chinese primary schools in coping with the latest changes in language policy. In 2003, Malaysia launched a new language policy of teaching mathematics using English as the language of instruction in all schools. However, due to the complex sociocultural demands…

Lim, Chap Sam; Presmeg, Norma

2011-01-01

367

Principals' Role and Public Primary Schools' Effectiveness in Four Latin American Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the effectiveness of observable and quantifiable traits in and approaches of school principals in enhancing student achievement. Data were gathered on 2,048 fourth-grade students in 96 public primary schools in Leon, Mexico; Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Santiago, Chile. The UNESCO/ORELAC (United…

Anderson, Joan B.

2008-01-01

368

Transition in Modern Languages from Primary to Secondary School: The Challenge of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on in-depth interviews conducted with 12 teachers of modern languages in relation to how they dealt with the challenge of transition from primary to secondary school, with special reference to modern foreign languages. Findings suggest that only one of the 12 secondary schools was well placed to facilitate a smooth transition,…

Chambers, Gary

2014-01-01

369

A Sorting Hat that Fails? The transition from primary to secondary school in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany ranks lowest regarding educational equalities among OECD countries, as the recently published PISA ‘Programme of International Student Assessment’ data revealed (ref. PISA 2000). This might be due to the remarkable German transition process from primary to secondary school where children are selected into diversely prestigious school environments at an early stage of their intellectual development. This paper aims at

Sylke Viola Schnepf

2002-01-01

370

Toward Effective Teaching and Learning: Stories of Primary Schools' Environmental Science Interest and Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides some stories of primary school teachers' and students' experiences of implementing new science teaching and learning strategies through an action research process that have also led to more environmental education occurring in the schools' curriculum. The stories have been constructed from the coordinators' journals,…

Gough, Annette; Sharpley, Brian

2005-01-01

371

Effectiveness of Supervisions Conducted by Primary Education Supervisors According to School Principals' Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author conducted a qualitative case study. The population of the study consisted of 8 randomly selected school principals in the area of primary education supervisors working in Konya, a province of the Turkish Republic. Face-to-face and semistructured interviews were held with the school principals within the population for 90 min. The…

Yavuz, Mustafa

2010-01-01

372

Revolution, Evolution or a Trojan Horse? Piloting Assessment for Learning in Some Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses some of the findings of an evaluation of Project One of the "Assessment is for Learning" Development Programme in 16 Scottish primary schools and two junior high schools in which teachers developed formative assessment strategies aimed at improving teaching and learning. Drawing on data from pupils, teachers and parents, the…

Kirton, Alison; Hallam, Susan; Peffers, Jack; Robertson, Pamela; Stobart, Gordon

2007-01-01

373

Revolution, evolution or a Trojan horse? Piloting assessment for learning in some Scottish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses some of the findings of an evaluation of Project One of the ‘Assessment is for Learning’ Development Programme in 16 Scottish primary schools and two junior high schools in which teachers developed formative assessment strategies aimed at improving teaching and learning. Drawing on data from pupils, teachers and parents, the use of such strategies is examined. The

Alison Kirton; Susan Hallam; Jack Peffers; Pamela Robertson; Gordon Stobart

2007-01-01

374

Dysfunctional Effects of League Tables: A Comparison Between English and Scottish Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

League tables based on Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) have become an important part of the management of the UK’s education system. While the performance measured by KPIs has apparently improved, concerns have been raised that they may have unintended or dysfunctional effects. This article compares English with Scottish schools. The authors found that English primary schools perceive their KPI systems

Andy Wiggins; Peter Tymms

2002-01-01

375

The Effects of Computer Games on Primary School Students' Achievement and Motivation in Geography Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of a computer game for learning about geography by primary school students is the focus of this article. Researchers designed and developed a three-dimensional educational computer game. Twenty four students in fourth and fifth grades in a private school in Ankara, Turkey learnt about world continents and countries through this…

Tuzun, Hakan; Yilmaz-Soylu, Meryem; Karakus, Turkan; Inal, Yavuz; Kizilkaya, Gonca

2009-01-01

376

Netbook Computers as an Appropriate Solution for 1:1 Computer Use in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools increasingly move towards 1:1 computing, research is required to inform the design and provision of this access. Utilising the Activity Theory (AT) notion of contradictions and expansion as a theoretical underpinning, this article suggests netbooks as a viable option to provide 1:1 computing for primary school students. Decisions…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

377

A Grid and Group Explanation of Emotional Intelligence in Selected Belizean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this qualitative study was to use grid and group theory to investigate and explain the contextual meaning and manifestation of Emotional Intelligence (EI) among faculty members in two Belizean Primary Schools. Purposive Sampling was used to select five faculty members from each of the two schools to…

Coc, Simeon

2012-01-01

378

How are Leaders Integrating the Ideology of Globalisation in Primary School Contexts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study carried out research focusing on diverse learners, such as pupils who have English as additional language (EAL) in primary schools in the Midlands, England. Essentially, we wanted to know how they are supported to become global learners. Therefore, questions were posed to school leaders on their understanding of the concept of…

Mistry, Malini; Sood, Krishan

2013-01-01

379

Environmental Education in Serbian Primary Schools: Challenges and Changes in Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The protection of human health and the preservation of the environment are topics that form an integral part of the primary school curriculum in Serbia. However, research studies have shown that students do not have enough knowledge to contribute to the development of a healthy lifestyle and environmental awareness. The latest changes in school

Stanišic, Jelena; Maksic, Slavica

2014-01-01

380

Nutrition knowledge and barriers to good dietary practices among primary school children in a farming community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the nutrition practices of black African children attending farm schools and looks at what they know about nutrition. The research was part of the Farm Labour and General Health (FLAGH) project of the North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus), South Africa. Two schools participated in the study, which involved 132 primary schoolchildren aged 8 to 16 years. A structured

Mars Phometsi; Annamarie Kruger; Hilda Van't Riet

2006-01-01

381

What Is Successful Pedagogy in Auckland's Low Decile Primary Schools? Preliminary Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New Zealand, schools are given decile rankings based on census reports of parental socioeconomic status. An ongoing project seeks to identify beliefs and attitudes that make a teacher's work successful in low-decile primary schools in the greater Auckland area. This paper focuses on three teachers whose professional practice was considered…

Carpenter, Vicki; McMurchy-Pilkington, Colleen; Sutherland, Sue

382

Urging Inclusion for Interculturalism: Fostering Excellence in a Cypriot Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and implementation of inclusive practices can potentially enhance intercultural education. Through the case study of a primary school in Cyprus, we investigated the practices that were developed and applied by the school itself, which aimed to reduce the marginalisation of students who came from abroad. The practices relate to the…

Hajisoteriou, Christina; Angelides, Panayiotis; Costi, Andri; Hadjiaggeli, Maria

2011-01-01

383

"I'm a Greek Kiwi": Constructing "Greekness" in Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reports on the preliminary findings of a project on the constructions of "Greekness" in modern diasporas. The discussion draws on data from the self-identified Greek community of Wellington, New Zealand. Interview data, ethnographic diaries, and everyday real-life spoken interactions were collected. The analysis of the data shows that…

Angouri, Jo

2012-01-01

384

A Multicultural Perspective on Play and Learning in Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the school’s conception of learning, the cultural aspect of children’s play has often been lacking. In different countries,\\u000a it is emphasized that play is important for learning (Dockett and Fleer, Play and pedagogy in early childhood: Bending the\\u000a rules. Harcourt Brace & Comp, Sydney, 1999; Lillemyr, Nordisk Pedagogik\\/Nordic Educational Research 22:38–52, 2002; Wood and Attfield, Play, learning and the

Ole Fredrik Lillemyr; Frode Søbstad; Kurt Marder

2011-01-01

385

Primary Teachers' Particle Ideas and Explanations of Physical Phenomena: Effect of an In-Service Training Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a study concerning Greek primary school teachers' (n = 162) ideas about the particulate nature of matter and their explanations of physical phenomena. The study took place during an in-service training course where the effectiveness of a specially designed intervention was tested. A key feature was an approach based on the…

Papageorgiou, George; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Johnson, Phil Michael

2010-01-01

386

The Relationship Between the Head and the Deputy Head in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the primary deputy head's role, focusing on the deputy/head interrelationship, based on interviews with administrators of 10 (British) primary schools. Identifies factors influencing this interrelationship, highlighting partner similarities and the use of complementarity, compensation, tolerance, acceptance, and accommodation to handle…

Hughes, Mike; James, Chris

1999-01-01

387

Primary School Teachers' Knowledge and Awareness of Dyslexia in Kuwaiti Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Kuwaiti primary school teachers' knowledge and awareness of early signs of dyslexia among Kuwaiti students. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect data randomly from more than 700 participants of primary language teachers across Kuwait's six educational districts. The results showed that the majority of…

Aladwani, Amel M.; Al Shaye, Shaye S.

2012-01-01

388

Impact of English proficiency training on primary school teachers' development of English speaking skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Pakistan, English as a foreign language is taught from primary classes in public sector schools. Teachers mostly practice traditional teaching method which focuses on reading and writing skills. In primary classes, little importance is paid to the development of speaking skills in English. The government is providing training for teachers in the area of English in order to enhance

Mariam Shaikh

2010-01-01

389

A Small-Scale Study of Primary School English Language Teachers' Classroom Activities and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's search for upgrading the quality of English language teaching is still in progress. Publication of Ministry of National Education's "English Language Curriculum for Primary Education Grades 4,5,6,7 and 8" (2006) framed the content and delivery of our primary school English language teaching classes along with a list of suggested classroom…

Arikan, Arda

2011-01-01

390

Reshaping Primary Teacher Education in New Zealand: compressed courses and school partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to a serious shortage of primary teachers the New Zealand Government introduced competitive contracts for new and established providers to develop initial teacher education programmes which could be completed in a 12?18 month timeframe. The University of Auckland reacted by developing a January to December post?graduate programme taught in partnership with a consortium of primary schools. A mentor

John Hope

1999-01-01

391

Serious Game Motivation in an EFL Classroom in Chinese Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report on the findings of a qualitative PhD pilot research study on the integration of Serious Games specifically Mingoville to motivate the Chinese primary students in an EFL classrooms. It was carried out in two primary schools: the students are both from low and high income families respectively in Jiangsu Province, PR, China.…

Anyaegbu, Ruphina; Ting, Wei; Li, Yi

2012-01-01

392

Impact of Some Environmental Education Outdoor Activities on Nigerian Primary School Pupils' Environmental Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects…

Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo

2010-01-01

393

Non-Music Specialist Trainee Primary School Teachers' Confidence in Teaching Music in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has revealed that non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers lack confidence in teaching music in spite of changes to teacher training and the introduction of music in the National Curriculum in England. The current study investigated the effects on non-music specialist trainee primary teachers' confidence to teach music…

Seddon, Frederick; Biasutti, Michele

2008-01-01

394

Singing in Primary Schools: Case Studies of Good Practice in Whole Class Vocal Tuition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of British initiatives in music education such as the Wider Opportunities programme in England and the recommendations of the Music Manifesto emphasising the importance of singing in primary schools, the current paper explores examples of good practice in whole-class vocal tuition. The research included seven different primary

Lamont, Alexandra; Daubney, Alison; Spruce, Gary

2012-01-01

395

The Impact of Adult Mortality and Parental Deaths on Primary Schooling in North-Western Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortality of parents and other adults due to the African AIDS epidemic could reduce children's primary schooling by reducing households' ability to pay fees, raising the opportunity cost of children's time, and leaving orphaned children with guardians who care less about their education than would their parents. This study measures the impact of adult deaths and orphan status on primary

Martha Ainsworth; Kathleen Beegle; Godlike Koda

2005-01-01

396

Hitting the Target: Doubling Primary School Enrollments in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2015  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the number of children who will need to attend and complete primary school in sub-Saharan Africa in order for the current international development target of universal primary education (UPE) by 2015 to be attained. In addition, a variety of demand constraints that will also affect the attainment of UPE are identified and assessed. The main conclusion of

Paul Bennell

2002-01-01

397

Studies in Mathematics Education, Volume 3. The Mathematical Education of Primary-School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that the teacher is the key to improving any mathematics program, this volume examines the responsibility of primary school teachers for the mathematics component of the curriculum and the implications thereof for teacher education. The first two chapters focus on the responsibilities of teachers of primary mathematics and contemporary…

Morris, Robert, Ed.

398

Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

2011-01-01

399

Measuring health-related quality of life in Greek children: psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory TM 4.0 Generic Core Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Pediatric Quality of Life\\u000a InventoryTM 4.0 (PedsQLTM 4.0) as a population health outcome measure.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  After cultural linguistic validation, a cross-sectional study with the participation of 645 children (8–12 years old) and\\u000a their primary caregivers was conducted in a nation-wide representative school-based sample to evaluate

Konstantina Gkoltsiou; Christine Dimitrakaki; Chara Tzavara; Vassiliki Papaevangelou; James W. Varni; Yannis Tountas

2008-01-01

400

The Greek Concept of "Techne."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Greek concept of techne can aid in understanding technological society and the way it can generate a separation of business and personal lives. As used by the early Greeks, techne mean the knowledge required to get the job done. The "manager" of today epitomizes this early concept. He is trained to get the job done efficiently, economically,…

Byrum, C. Stephen

401

Nutritional and cognitive status of entry-level primary school children in Zomba, rural Malawi.  

PubMed

Entry-level Malawian children (n = 226) aged 6-8 years from two public primary schools, one a participant in a national school feeding programme (FP), the other not, were investigated for differences in nutritional and cognitive status. Stunted growth (42%) and underweight (25%) were prevalent, with no significant differences between the schools, although the school attended was a significant predictor of mid-upper arm circumference. Previous attendance at a community-based childcare centre was significantly associated with lower body weight and height. There were no significant differences in memory, reversal learning and attention outcomes between the schools. These findings report no major significant difference in nutrition or cognitive statuses between the schools, and on this basis suggest that both schools were equally in need of FP participation. More inclusive interventions and broadening/review of FP participation criteria are recommended. PMID:23173779

Nkhoma, Owen W W; Duffy, Maresa E; Davidson, Philip W; Cory-Slechta, Deborah A; McSorley, Emeir M; Strain, J J; O'Brien, Gerard M

2013-05-01

402

The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We characterize the statistical law according to which Italian primary school-size distributes. We find that the school-size can be approximated by a log-normal distribution, with a fat lower tail that collects a large number of very small schools. The upper tail of the school-size distribution decreases exponentially and the growth rates are distributed with a Laplace PDF. These distributions are similar to those observed for firms and are consistent with a Bose-Einstein preferential attachment process. The body of the distribution features a bimodal shape suggesting some source of heterogeneity in the school organization that we uncover by an in-depth analysis of the relation between schools-size and city-size. We propose a novel cluster methodology and a new spatial interaction approach among schools which outline the variety of policies implemented in Italy. Different regional policies are also discussed shedding lights on the relation between policy and geographical features.

Belmonte, Alessandro; di Clemente, Riccardo; Buldyrev, Sergey V.

2014-06-01

403

Nutritional Contents of Lunch Packs of Primary School Children in Nnewi, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Lunch packs play a significant role in the nutritional status and academic performance of school children. Available data show a high prevalence of malnutrition among school-age children. Aims: The aim of this study is to document the nutritional contents of lunch packs of primary school children in Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1018 primary 1-6 pupils selected by stratified systematic random sampling from six primary schools, two each of private, – mission, – and government (public) – owned schools in Nnewi metropolis with the aid of the semi-structured questionnaire. Lunch packs of the pupils were examined. Results: Majority of the pupils (77.8% [792/1018]) had lunch packs although about half of pupils in public schools had no lunch pack. Only 12.4% (98/792) and 19.2% (152/792) of pupils with lunch packs had balanced meals and fruits/vegetables in their lunch packs, respectively. The odds of not coming to school with packed lunch was about 13 and 12 times higher for mothers with no formal education or only primary education, respectively, compared with those with tertiary education. Type of school had a strong influence on possession and contents of lunch pack (?2 = 2.88, P < 0.001, phi coefficient = 0.72). Pupils in private (97.5% [198/203]) and mission (94.4% [388/411]) schools were more likely to have a lunch pack compared with public schools (51.0% [206/404]). However, pupils in private schools were most likely to have a balanced meal (32.5% [66/203] vs. 5.8% [24/411] in mission and 2.0% [8/404] in public schools) and fruits/vegetables (48.3% [98/203] vs. 10.2% [42/411] in mission and 3.0% [12/404] in public schools) in their lunch packs. Mothers’ educational status and parents’ occupation were significantly associated with lunch pack contents. Conclusion: Majority of the lunch packs of primary school pupils contain poor quality food especially in public schools. Mother's educational status and parent's occupation are important determinants of the nutritional contents of lunch packs. PMID:25184075

Ugochukwu, EF; Onubogu, CU; Edokwe, ES; Okeke, KN

2014-01-01

404

School and University Partnerships: The Role of Teacher Education Institutions and Primary Schools in the Development of Preservice Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science in the Australian primary school context is in a state of renewal with the recent implementation of the Australian Curriculum: Science. Despite this curriculum renewal, the results of primary students in science have remained static. Science in Australia has been identified as one of the least taught subjects in the primary school

Petersen, Jacinta E.; Treagust, David F.

2014-01-01

405

Primary School Childrens' Ideas about Spiders. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 108.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the questions and explanations primary children have about spiders. The data comprise 112 questions and 104 explanations (included in appendices) offered by children after being shown a picture of a spider. Additional data were collected during individual interviews with 18 students.…

Biddulph, Fred

406

The Contact School Plan: School Improvement from Within. Project No. 8: "Innovation in Primary Education."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 12 brief chapters, a view is provided of elementary school improvement efforts made by participants in the Contact School Plan of the Council of Europe's Council for Cultural Co-operation. The Contact School Plan created a network of 12 schools implementing innovative educational practices in as many nations. Chapters 1 and 2 describe the…

Kopmels, Dook

407

The Principals of Primary Schools Ideas on Their School Development Strategies and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school improvement came into question that schools meet the educational needs has been made to make it more effective, changing in parallel globalization. The purpose of school improvement is to rise levels of student achievement and school environment to increase participation. In this context, the basic aim of this study was to determine the…

Sahin, Idris

2013-01-01

408

Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement,in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement,in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school principals using a schedule which focused on

Garry Hornby; Chrystal Witte

2010-01-01

409

Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school

Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal

2010-01-01

410

Teachers of Poor Communities: The Tale of Instructional Media Use in Primary Schools of "Gedeo" Zone, Southern Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of working conditions at school on teachers' level of instructional media use in the primary school system of Gedeo Zone, southern Ethiopia. The survey was made on a sample of 139 (24.4% female and male 75.6%) teachers who were randomly drawn from 9 primary schools (four rural and five urban…

Abdo, Mehadi; Semela, Tesfaye

2010-01-01

411

Linguistics at School: Language Awareness in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linguistics is a subject that has remained largely confined to the academy, rather than being integrated into school curricula. This is unfortunate but not surprising, as although some teacher education programs include courses on linguistics, it is not comprehensively integrated into teacher education, so it is largely absent from the curriculum.…

Denham, Kristin, Ed.; Lobeck, Anne, Ed.

2010-01-01

412

Intercomprehension in Primary School: Discovering Languages and Constructing Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential value of developing pupils' intercomprehension skills at elementary school. This development construes Europe as a plurilingual and intercultural space in which the linguistic and cultural identity of each community finds its place. However, the construction of Europe also faces the challenges of assuring…

Barbeiro, Luis Filipe

2009-01-01

413

Does Poor Handwriting Conceal Literacy Potential in Primary School Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handwriting is a complex skill that, despite increasing use of computers, still plays a vital role in education. It is assumed that children will master letter formation at a relatively early stage in their school life, with handwriting fluency developing steadily until automaticity is attained. The capacity theory of writing suggests that as…

McCarney, Debra; Peters, Lynne; Jackson, Sarah; Thomas, Marie; Kirby, Amanda

2013-01-01

414

The New Sexuality Education Curriculum for Queensland Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A departmental review of education curricula in Queensland, Australia has found that minimal or no learning about sexuality education takes place. Its public schools and teachers are able to avoid or not fulfil their obligations regarding the teaching of sexuality education and reproductive health to children and young people. This lacuna in…

Goldman, Juliette D. G.

2010-01-01

415

Intercomprehension in primary school: discovering languages and constructing knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the potential value of developing pupils’ intercomprehension skills at elementary school. This development construes Europe as a plurilingual and intercultural space in which the linguistic and cultural identity of each community finds its place. However, the construction of Europe also faces the challenges of assuring communication among people of different languages, promoting participation in an expanded community,

Luís Filipe Barbeiro

2009-01-01

416

A Multicultural Perspective on Play and Learning in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the school's conception of learning, the cultural aspect of children's play has often been lacking. In different countries, it is emphasized that play is important for learning (Dockett and Fleer, Play and pedagogy in early childhood: Bending the rules. Harcourt Brace & Comp, Sydney, "1999"; Lillemyr, Nordisk Pedagogik/Nordic Educational…

Lillemyr, Ole Fredrik; Sobstad, Frode; Marder, Kurt; Flowerday, Terri

2011-01-01

417

SNORING, INTERMITTENT HYPOXIA AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with impaired attention and neurocognitive deficits. We assessed the association of snoring and intermittent hypoxia with poor academic performance in third grade school children (1,144 children). Snoring frequency and intermittent hypoxia were investigated using parental questionnaire and noctur- nal home pulse oximetry. Intermittent hypoxia was specified as de- saturation events of 90% or less pulse oximeter

Michael S. Urschitz; Anke Guenther; Esther Eggebrecht; Judith Wolff; Pilar M. Urschitz-Duprat; Martin Schlaud; Christian F. Poets

2003-01-01

418

Ten Theses of the Joy of Learning at Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to decipher the essence of the joy of learning and the ways to enhance it at school. In the field of educational psychology, research on feelings is lacking, and the little that does exist has focused more on negative rather than positive feelings. The present paper is based on ethnographic and observational research of a…

Rantala, Taina; Maatta, Kaarina

2012-01-01

419

Developing Primary School Children's Understanding of Energy Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies 34 elementary school children's understanding of five aspects of energy waste and the ways in which these conceptions develop following teaching. Concludes that the children had good prior awareness of some behaviors that save energy, but their reasons for thinking this were based largely on everyday intuitive ideas that involved…

Kruger, Colin; Summers, Mike

2000-01-01

420

Social Effects of Collaborative Learning in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is conflicting evidence on whether collaborative group work leads to improved classroom relations, and if so how. A before and after design was used to measure the impact on work and play relations of a collaborative learning programme involving 575 students 9-12 years old in single- and mixed-age classes across urban and rural schools. Data…

Tolmie, Andrew Kenneth; Topping, Keith J.; Christie, Donald; Donaldson, Caroline; Howe, Christine; Jessiman, Emma; Livingston, Kay; Thurston, Allen

2010-01-01

421

Perfectionism and Self Concept among Primary School Children in Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The main purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between dimensions of perfectionism and self-concepts among school aged students in Egypt. Method: Two hundred-eighty four children (fifth and sixth graders) participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 144.37 months, SD 6.36. Pearson correlation…

Tofaha, Gamal Al Sayed; Ramon, Patricia Robledo

2010-01-01

422

Early Greek Typography in Milan: A Historical Note on a New Greek Typeface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of Greek typography, focusing on the first book to be entirely printed in Greek in 1476 and the series of new typefaces that resulted. Cites Milan as a center of Greek printing in the early history of Greek typography. Describes a revival of one of these typefaces created under the name of Milan Greek. (PA)

Wallraff, Martin

1997-01-01

423

A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2012-01-01

424

Preschool Age Children's Views about Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting primary education is one of the most important changes that children encounter in early childhood. Moreover, especially within the last twenty years, as an outcome of the idea that children are active learners, listening to children's ideas about their learning, lives, and experiences has gained importance. In this sense, this study…

Kocyigit, Sezai

2014-01-01

425

Honour and Shame in a Church of England Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While students of Islamic societies and cultures are aware of the influence of dynamics of honour and shame on behaviour, these factors are not always recognized by those who engage with Muslims in the UK. This paper will discuss the impact of concerns related to honour and shame on the behaviour of Muslim pupils in a Church of England primary

Wilson, Tom

2014-01-01

426

Implementing Cooperative Learning in Australian Primary Schools: Generalist Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To implement cooperative learning successfully in practice, teachers require knowledge of cooperative learning, its features and terms, and how it functions in classrooms. This qualitative study examined 12 Australian generalist primary teachers', understandings of cooperative learning and perceived factors affecting its implementation. Using…

Hennessey, Angela; Dionigi, Rylee A.

2013-01-01

427

Regional Disparities in Primary School Participation in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education for All has focused international attention on the goals of universal primary education and improved education quality. However, national indicators related to these goals often mask significant differences among demographic and social groups, as well as among geographical regions within countries. This paper, based on a study…

Sherman, Joel D.

2008-01-01

428

1975 Curriculum for Primary Schools: Social Studies Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum guidelines are given for social studies instruction in primary grades in New South Wales. No compulsory topics are suggested, but the rationale, objectives, and areas of inquiry provide a framework within which teachers can work. Based on the assumption that social studies should contribute to the development of individuals who can…

New South Wales Dept. of Education, Sydney (Australia).

429

The Royal Society's Report on Primary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author summarises findings from the Royal Society's "state of the nation" report on 5-14 science and mathematics education in the UK. This is the Society's third report on aspects of science and mathematics education in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the first where the focus has included primary practice, policy,…

Harlen, Wynne

2010-01-01

430

Stories, Fun and Games: Teaching Genetics in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why introduce genetics at primary level? Children are fascinated by themselves and where they come from. Many have heard of genes, mostly through the media coverage of genetics, and want to know more. Children should be engaged in science at an early age to foster an interest and encourage an appreciation of its relevance to life. Genetics sits…

Davies, Gail

2005-01-01

431

Learning to Teach "Science" out of School: Non-School Placements as Part of a Primary PGCE Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary teaching trainees were given a 1-week placement in environmental science centres, to learn about teaching children in non-school contexts. The placements were mainly in the South West of England, and included both residential and day-visit centres. Evaluation was through written and oral feedback from hosts and students, against a set of…

Peacock, Alan; Bowker, Rob

2004-01-01

432

The Role of Parental Involvement in School-Based Mental Health Interventions at Primary (Elementary) School Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at evidence from a systematic review undertaken for the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) in England and commissioned as a prelude to the issuing in 2008 of national public health guidance on mental health interventions at primary (elementary) school level (children aged four to 11 years). The review assessed all peerreviewed published material in the English

Janet Shucksmith; Susan Jones; Carolyn Summerbell

2010-01-01

433

Effects on Coping Skills and Anxiety of a Universal School-Based Mental Health Intervention Delivered in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anxiety disorders are common in children and may signal risk of depression, social, or academic difficulties. This study evaluated the effects of a universal mental health promotion intervention delivered in primary schools. Three hundred and seventeen 9- to 10-year-olds were randomly allocated by class group to intervention conditions…

Collins, Sabrina; Woolfson, Lisa Marks; Durkin, Kevin

2014-01-01

434

The management of type 1 diabetes in primary school: review of the literature.  

PubMed

Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common chronic health conditions in childhood. The introduction of intensive insulin therapy and the rising prevalence of diabetes in younger children has increased the need for involvement of diabetes educators and school personnel in school diabetes care. School encompasses a significant proportion of a child's day, therefore diabetes treatment at school needs to be optimal or the child will have poor metabolic control. The aim of this literature review is to examine diabetes management in the early primary school setting. The main areas of diabetes management explored are: type, provision, and location of treatment, the impact on the child, and the role of the credentialed diabetes educator. The review identifies that the majority of children are not receiving intensive diabetes treatment at school. Younger children require more assistance with care and may be disadvantaged due to lack of appropriate school staff support. Most schools do not have nurses to assist with diabetes care, therefore teaching and administration staff are utilized. The use of insulin pump therapy may increase access to insulin at school, as children and teaching staff appear more confident with this method of delivery than injections. Treatment is frequently performed away from the classroom and can impact on class attendance, metabolic control, and emergencies. Diabetes educators need to work in collaboration with children, parents, and school personnel to ensure diabetes care is fully integrated into the school day. PMID:23597278

Marks, Anne; Wilson, Valerie; Crisp, Jackie

2013-01-01

435

Y's Girl: increasing body satisfaction among primary school girls.  

PubMed

To date, effective body image interventions for preadolescent school girls are lacking. The present study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of Y's Girl, a published body image curriculum specifically tailored for preadolescent school girls. A sample of 60 Grade 6 girls with a mean age of 11.25 (range of 11-12) years were allocated either to an intervention or control group and completed baseline and posttest measures of body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparison, self-esteem, peer factors, and disordered eating. Findings revealed that, compared to the control group, girls receiving the intervention reported improved body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparisons, and self-esteem at posttest 1 week after the intervention ended. Furthermore, changes in body satisfaction were moderated by initial levels of risk-factors. These findings provide initial support for Y's Girl as an effective, affordable body image intervention for preadolescent girls which can be implemented by teachers. PMID:23876878

Ross, Amy; Paxton, Susan J; Rodgers, Rachel F

2013-09-01

436

Cellular telephone use among primary school children in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is some concern about potential health risks of cellular telephone use to children. We assessed data on how many children own a cellular telephone and on how often they use it in a population-based sample. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study among children in their fourth elementary school year, with a median-age of 10 years. The study

Eva Böhler; Joachim Schüz

2004-01-01

437

Dialogic Practice in Primary Schools: How Primary Head Teachers Plan to Embed Philosophy for Children into the Whole School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Philosophy for Children in Schools Project is an ongoing research project to explore the impact of philosophy for children (P4C) on classroom practice. This paper reports on the responses of head teachers, teachers and local educational authority (LA) officers in South Wales, UK, to the initial training programme in Philosophy for Children…

Lyle, Sue; Thomas-Williams, Junnine

2012-01-01

438

Educational Quality Differences in a Middle-Income Country: The Urban-Rural Gap in Malaysian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of educational quality in rural schools remain a key focus in the literature related to developing countries. This paper studies whether rural primary schools in Malaysia, an upper middle-income developing country, are still experiencing lower levels of educational resources, school climate, school leadership, and parental involvement…

Othman, Mariam; Muijs, Daniel

2013-01-01

439

Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contextual differences in the patterns of relations among various motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive components of self?regulated learning and performance in two key curriculum subject areas, language and mathematics, were examined in a sample of 263 Greek primary school children of fifth? and sixth?grade classrooms. Age and gender differences were also investigated. Students were asked to complete the Motivated Strategies

Panagiota Metallidou; Anastasia Vlachou

2007-01-01

440

Bullying and Victimization Experiences in Elementary School Students Nominated by Their Teachers for Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to investigate self-reported bullying and victimization experiences among students nominated by their teachers as meeting the criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). A total of 346 students attending the upper three grade-levels of Greek primary schools participated in the study. Fifty of them were identified by their…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Antoniadou, Nafsika

2013-01-01

441

Modeling with Complex Data in the Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores mathematical modeling for the primary grades with a focus on real-world problems involving complex data. To illustrate the diverse range of models children can create independently in working such problems, I report on some findings from two studies involving 7 classes of fourth-grade children (8-9 year-olds). Two of the problems the children completed involved the selection of

Lyn D. English

442

Evaluation of the bikeability of a Greek city: Case study \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

D riving a bike in a Greek city is not an easy case. There are no bicycle facilities available and the bicyclists and the car drivers are not used to each other in mixed traffic situations. The primary goal of the study was the evaluation of the road infrastructure and the ability of the bicyclists to bike safely in the

NIKOLAOS ELIOU; ATHANASIOS GALANIS; APOSTOLOS PROIOS

443

Learning about "Learning Identities" in the School Arithmetic Practice: The Experience of Two Young Minority Gypsy Girls in the Greek Context of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the experience of two young Gypsy girls in solving school arithmetic tasks in interaction with an adult who supports their participation. Along with learning the use of arithmetic tools, a basic element concerning the experience of the two girls as they try to gain entry into the school practice is learning about…

Chronaki, Anna

2005-01-01

444

Psychiatric Morbidity of Second and Third Grade Primary School Children in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to identify psychiatric morbidity among Korean second and third elementary school children using an objective diagnostic interview tool. Data from 5,118 (2,723 boys, 2,395 girls; mean age = 8.41 years (SD = 0.66)) second and third grade schoolchildren were drawn from 28 elementary schools. After initial screening assessments using the 28-item Child Problem-Behavior Screening Test for parents, 672 primary

H. I. Yoo; S. C. Cho; B. N. Kim; S. Y. Kim; M. S. Shin; K. E. Hong

2005-01-01

445

Portuguese Primary School Children's Conceptions about Digestion: Identification of Learning Obstacles. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional study of Portuguese primary school pupils' conceptions on digestion and the digestive tract was carried out before and after teaching this topic. Pupils of the prior four school years (5/6 to 9/10 year old) drew what happens to a cookie inside their body. In some cases they also wrote a short text or were interviewed. To identify…

Carvalho, Graca; Silva, Rui; Lima, Nelson; Coquet, Eduarda; Clement, Pierre

2004-01-01

446

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among Nigerian primary school children Prevalence and co-morbid conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ADHD and co-morbid conditions in a sample of primary school children aged\\u000a 7–12 years in Nigeria.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A two-staged procedure in which primary school pupils aged 6–12 years (n = 1112) were assessed for DSM-IV criteria of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by their teachers in the first\\u000a stage and their parents in the second stage. A

Abiodun O. Adewuya; Oluwole O. Famuyiwa

2007-01-01

447

The Impact of Personal Background and School Contextual Factors on Academic Competence and Mental Health Functioning across the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

PubMed Central

Students negotiate the transition to secondary school in different ways. While some thrive on the opportunity, others are challenged. A prospective longitudinal design was used to determine the contribution of personal background and school contextual factors on academic competence (AC) and mental health functioning (MHF) of 266 students, 6-months before and after the transition to secondary school. Data from 197 typically developing students and 69 students with a disability were analysed using hierarchical linear regression modelling. Both in primary and secondary school, students with a disability and from socially disadvantaged backgrounds gained poorer scores for AC and MHF than their typically developing and more affluent counterparts. Students who attended independent and mid-range sized primary schools had the highest concurrent AC. Those from independent primary schools had the lowest MHF. The primary school organisational model significantly influenced post-transition AC scores; with students from Kindergarten - Year 7 schools reporting the lowest scores, while those from the Kindergarten - Year 12 structure without middle school having the highest scores. Attending a school which used the Kindergarten - Year 12 with middle school structure was associated with a reduction in AC scores across the transition. Personal background factors accounted for the majority of the variability in post-transition AC and MHF. The contribution of school contextual factors was relatively minor. There is a potential opportunity for schools to provide support to disadvantaged students before the transition to secondary school, as they continue to be at a disadvantage after the transition. PMID:24608366

Vaz, Sharmila; Parsons, Richard; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Passmore, Anne Elizabeth; Falkmer, Marita

2014-01-01

448

Standard Modern Greek and Greek-Cypriot dialect in kindergarten classroom interaction: teachers' and learners' language attitudes and language use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates language use and language attitudes in state kindergarten education in Cyprus. Kindergarten education is the primary setting where Greek-Cypriots learn to employ the standard variety on a systematic basis. Consequently, the context of kindergarten education is a principal setting for examining language attitudes and language variation. Specifically, this study examines whether teachers' ambiguities regarding language use exist

Andry Sophocleous; Clarissa Wilks

2010-01-01

449

Food hypersensitivity in primary school children in Taiwan: relationship with asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary objective. A review of the literature suggested that food allergen intolerance was closely related to inhaled allergen hypersensitivity. Our aim was to determine whether food allergen sensitivity is a marker for increased asthma incidence in children. Methods and procedures. Food allergen sensitivity was evaluated in six- to eight-year-old primary school students (n=1010) using the Phadia ImmunoCAP, Phadiatop Infant and

Kong-Sang Wan; Wen-Hsiang Chiu

2011-01-01

450

Food hypersensitivity in primary school children in Taiwan: relationship with asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary objective. A review of the literature suggested that food allergen intolerance was closely related to inhaled allergen hypersensitivity. Our aim was to determine whether food allergen sensitivity is a marker for increased asthma incidence in children. Methods and procedures. Food allergen sensitivity was evaluated in six- to eight-year-old primary school students (n=1010) using the Phadia ImmunoCAP, Phadiatop Infant and

Kong-Sang Wan; Wen-Hsiang Chiu

2012-01-01

451

School psychologists: strategic allies in the contemporary practice of primary care pediatrics.  

PubMed

Immense changes in the developmental/behavioral aspects of primary care pediatrics have resulted from revisions in special education laws, introduction of managed care, widened dissemination of information about disabilities to parents, and the changing character of American society. Challenges associated with contemporary pediatric practice can be diminished by routine collaboration with school psychologists. An alliance with school-based psychologists permits pediatricians access to children in their natural environments and potential collaboration for preventing illness and emotional/behavior problems. Further, school psychologists can provide a partner for assessing and treating both common and low-incident disorders without the constraints imposed by managed care. PMID:10544866

Wodrich, D L; Landau, S

1999-10-01

452

Prevalence of nutritional deficiency disorders among rural primary school children (5-15 years).  

PubMed

The school as portal of personalised health care is an important concept. Significant number of school-age children are in need of adequate source of health care and nearly one-fifth of the population of every country comprised these children. Nutritional disorders account for the majority of morbidity, mortality and drop outs among them. One thousand and fifty primary school children (of both sexes) were studied from June to December, 1992. Prevalence of various nutritional disorders was 47.42%, anaemia and vitamin A deficiency were the commonest among them. Remedial measures followed by health education of pupil, teachers and parents, were the intervention measures adopted during and after the survey. Dietary modification, improvement of school sanitation and personal hygiene, strengthening school health services and awareness building, are the key strategies recommended. PMID:9425838

Awate, R V; Ketkar, Y A; Somaiya, P A

1997-07-01

453

A study of litter and waste management policies at (primary) eco-schools in Istanbul.  

PubMed

In addition to environmental and economic benefits, systematic application of sustainable waste management in elementary education buildings also makes a positive contribution to the education of future generations. This study examines elementary schools in Istanbul, which are part of the Eco-Schools International Programme. This programme was established in 1994 with European Union support and it aims to introduce environmental management systems into primary schools within the scope of ISO 14001/EMAS. A questionnaire study was administered on the theme of litter management and sustainable waste management within elementary schools located in the Asian and European parts of Istanbul city, and the findings of a field survey were examined. Questionnaire findings were gathered under five themes: litter management, composting of organic waste, re-use of school materials, reducing consumption-selection of recycled products, waste management and sorting of recyclable materials. PMID:21159739

Kayihan, Kutlu Sevinç; Tönük, Seda

2012-01-01

454

Pattern of ocular trauma among primary school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria.  

PubMed

To report the pattern of ocular trauma among school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria, a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin, Nigeria was carried out between July 2005 and January 2006. Relevant ocular history and basic ocular examinations were carried out on the children that were selected from a multi-stage sampling process. Diagnosis of ocular trauma was based on historical recollection together with corroborating ocular signs among affected pupils. Ocular trauma was found among 11 (8 boys and 3 girls) out of 1393 (0.8%) pupils and their ages ranged from 5 to 13 years. The trauma related ocular pathology found among the 11 pupils included unilateral phthisis bulbi (2, 0.14%), couching (1, 0.07%) and retinal detachment (1, 0.07%) all leading to blindness in the affected eyes. There was also a unilateral visual impairment caused by traumatic optic atrophy. Others included eyelid bruises (2, 0.14%) and one pupil (0.07%) each with hyphema, eyelid ecchymosis, eyelid laceration, and subconjunctival haemorrhage. The ocular trauma occurred following unsupervised play (4, 36.40%), corporal punishment at school and at home (3, 27.30%), fight (2, 18.20%), home accident (1, 9.10%) and couching (1, 9.10%). School pupils can lose vision to preventable traumatic eye injuries both at school and at home. Measures to minimize ocular trauma both in the home and at school are advocated. PMID:20175424

Ayanniyi, A A; Mahmoud, O A; Olatunji, F O; Ayanniyi, R O

2009-06-01

455

Access to Waterless Hand Sanitizer Improves Student Hand Hygiene Behavior in Primary Schools in Nairobi, Kenya  

PubMed Central

Handwashing is difficult in settings with limited resources and water access. In primary schools within urban Kibera, Kenya, we investigated the impact of providing waterless hand sanitizer on student hand hygiene behavior. Two schools received a waterless hand sanitizer intervention, two schools received a handwashing with soap intervention, and two schools received no intervention. Hand cleaning behavior after toilet use was monitored for 2 months using structured observation. Hand cleaning after toileting was 82% at sanitizer schools (N = 2,507 toileting events), 38% at soap schools (N = 3,429), and 37% at control schools (N = 2,797). Students at sanitizer schools were 23% less likely to have observed rhinorrhea than control students (P = 0.02); reductions in student-reported gastrointestinal and respiratory illness symptoms were not statistically significant. Providing waterless hand sanitizer markedly increased student hand cleaning after toilet use, whereas the soap intervention did not. Waterless hand sanitizer may be a promising option to improve student hand cleansing behavior, particularly in schools with limited water access. PMID:23836575

Pickering, Amy J.; Davis, Jennifer; Blum, Annalise G.; Scalmanini, Jenna; Oyier, Beryl; Okoth, George; Breiman, Robert F.; Ram, Pavani K.

2013-01-01

456

Hand Sanitiser Provision for Reducing Illness Absences in Primary School Children: A Cluster Randomised Trial  

PubMed Central

Background The potential for transmission of infectious diseases offered by the school environment are likely to be an important contributor to the rates of infectious disease experienced by children. This study aimed to test whether the addition of hand sanitiser in primary school classrooms compared with usual hand hygiene would reduce illness absences in primary school children in New Zealand. Methods and Findings This parallel-group cluster randomised trial took place in 68 primary schools, where schools were allocated using restricted randomisation (1?1 ratio) to the intervention or control group. All children (aged 5 to 11 y) in attendance at participating schools received an in-class hand hygiene education session. Schools in the intervention group were provided with alcohol-based hand sanitiser dispensers in classrooms for the winter school terms (27 April to 25 September 2009). Control schools received only the hand hygiene education session. The primary outcome was the number of absence episodes due to any illness among 2,443 follow-up children whose caregivers were telephoned after each absence from school. Secondary outcomes measured among follow-up children were the number of absence episodes due to specific illness (respiratory or gastrointestinal), length of illness and illness absence episodes, and number of episodes where at least one other member of the household became ill subsequently (child or adult). We also examined whether provision of sanitiser was associated with experience of a skin reaction. The number of absences for any reason and the length of the absence episode were measured in all primary school children enrolled at the schools. Children, school administrative staff, and the school liaison research assistants were not blind to group allocation. Outcome assessors of follow-up children were blind to group allocation. Of the 1,301 and 1,142 follow-up children in the hand sanitiser and control groups, respectively, the rate of absence episodes due to illness per 100 child-days was similar (1.21 and 1.16, respectively, incidence rate ratio 1.06, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.18). The provision of an alcohol-based hand sanitiser dispenser in classrooms was not effective in reducing rates of absence episodes due to respiratory or gastrointestinal illness, the length of illness or illness absence episodes, or the rate of subsequent infection for other members of the household in these children. The percentage of children experiencing a skin reaction was similar (10.4% hand sanitiser versus 10.3% control, risk ratio 1.01, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.30). The rate or length of absence episodes for any reason measured for all children also did not differ between groups. Limitations of the study include that the study was conducted during an influenza pandemic, with associated public health messaging about hand hygiene, which may have increased hand hygiene among all children and thereby reduced any additional effectiveness of sanitiser provision. We did not quite achieve the planned sample size of 1,350 follow-up children per group, although we still obtained precise estimates of the intervention effects. Also, it is possible that follow-up children were healthier than non-participating eligible children, with therefore less to gain from improved hand hygiene. However, lack of effectiveness of hand sanitiser provision on the rate of absences among all children suggests that this may not be the explanation. Conclusions The provision of hand sanitiser in addition to usual hand hygiene in primary schools in New Zealand did not prevent disease of severity sufficient to cause school absence. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000478213 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:25117155

Audas, Rick; Poore, Marion; Brunton, Cheryl; Reeves, Lesley

2014-01-01

457

The Relationship of Acculturation and Gender to Attitudes toward Counseling in Italian and Greek American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes towards receiving professional services were measured among Italian American and Greek American college students (N=232) attending schools in the Northeast. Italian American women had greater recognition of the need for help and increased confidence in counseling than the men did. Greek women were also more willing to seek counseling.…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Rao, Vincent; Zweig, Julie; Rieger, Brian P.; Schaefer, Kristin; Michelakou, Sophie; Armenia, Carolyn; Goldstein, Harold

2001-01-01

458

Designing Space for Sports and Arts: Design Guidelines for Sports and Arts Facilities in Primary Schools for Dual School and Community Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers general design proposal guidance for sports and arts spaces in England's primary schools, where these types of spaces can be used by both school and community members. The guide also presents case studies to provide examples of good practice. The primary shared space for sports and arts activities is the multipurpose main hall,…

Young, Eleanor

459

Examining the interaction between food outlets and outdoor food advertisements with primary school food environments. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Schools are commonly seen as a site of intervention to improve children's nutrition, and prevent excess weight gain. Schools may have limited influence over children's diets; however, with home and community environments also exerting an influence within schools. This study considered the environment of food outlets and outdoor food advertisements surrounding four case study primary schools in New Zealand, and the impact of that external environment on within-school food environments.

460

Evaluation of the Massage in Schools Programme in One Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential benefits of the Massage in Schools Programme (MISP), a programme originating in Scandinavia, which has been introduced into schools in the United Kingdom (UK) since 2001. Meeting four out of five outcomes of the Every Child Matters agenda, the review of the literature aims to separate anecdotal and media…

Marsh, Lesley J.

2011-01-01

461

Does School-Wide Positive Behaviour System Improve Learning in Primary Schools? Some Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A school-wide program known as Positive Behaviour for Learning (PBL) that systematically reinforces positive behaviours in schools based on the USA model of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) but also emphasizes learning processes and outcomes was implemented in the Western Sydney Region (WSR) of Australia. Aim: The…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Mooney, Mary; Barker, Katrina; Dobia, Brenda

2009-01-01

462

Active and Passive Commuting to School: Influences on Affect in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active commuting among school children is being encouraged for physical and environmental reasons, but little is known about its influence on affect. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that children who walk further to school experience increased arousal and affective valence compared with children who walk a short distance. This was…

Hulley, Angela; Bentley, Nick; Clough, Catherine; Fishlock, Adelle; Morrell, Frances; O'Brien, James; Radmore, Joseph

2008-01-01

463

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

2009-01-01

464

Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

465

The Impact of Preprimary School on Primary School Achievement in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence was collected regarding changes over 3 years in the quality of a preprimary program in rural Bangladesh and differences in school achievement of children who did and did not attend. The quality of 30 preprimary schools was evaluated using the ECERS-R (Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised) and ECERS-E (-Extension). Results…

Aboud, Frances E.; Hossain, Kamal

2011-01-01

466

Effects of a "Learn to Think" Intervention Programme on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Methods for teaching thinking may be described as out-of-context or infusion. Both approaches have potential to raise students' general cognitive processing ability and so raise academic achievement, but each has disadvantages. Aims: To describe and evaluate a theory-based learn to think (LTT) curriculum for primary school students,…

Hu, Weiping; Adey, Philip; Jia, Xiaojuan; Liu, Jia; Zhang, Lei; Li, Jing; Dong, Xiaomei

2011-01-01

467

Continuity in Primary School Children's Eating Problems and the Influence of Parental Feeding Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eating problems are highly prevalent and seem to show continuity in children. Nevertheless, the effect of different maternal and paternal feeding practices on changes in these problems is not fully understood yet. This study examines short-term continuity in primary school children's overeating, loss of control (over eating), restraint and…

Matton, Annelies; Goossens, Lien; Braet, Caroline; Van Durme, Kim

2013-01-01

468

Environmental Attitudes, Knowledge, and Alternative Conceptions of Primary School Children in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study the environmental attitudes, knowledge, and alternative conceptions of 281 primary school children from 5th and 6th grade, ages 10-12 years were explored. Low knowledge scores, indicate a substantial lack of knowledge on basic environmental issues, while attitude scores were relatively high. Children's environmental attitudes…

Malandrakis, Georgios; Chatzakis, Stergios

2014-01-01

469

Beginning Primary School Principals in Belgium: How They Deal with External Influences and Develop Professionally.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the realities and complexities faced by beginning primary school principals, a group of researchers from Belgium, Canada, England, the Netherlands, and the United States launched a collaborative study in 2000. This report describes the Belgium arm of the study. The study set out to answer the following: What are similarities and…

Vandenberghe, Roland

470

Retrospection and Inspiration of Green Education Campaign in Chinese Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to improve the quality and popularity of environmental education in China, the State Education Commission (now Ministry of Education), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and British Petroleum (BP) (China) have reached an agreement on the launch of the project named the Primary and Secondary School Environmental Education Campaign. This project…

Yu, Huang; Qing, Tian

2004-01-01

471

Efficacy of family-based weight control program for pre-school children in primary care  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of an innovative family-based intervention for overweight pre-school children and overweight parents conducted in the primary care setting. METHODS: 96 children with BMI >85th percentile and an overweight parent were randomized to Intervention or Information Control...

472

A Model for Teaching Midrash in the Primary School: Forming Understandings of Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Jewish primary schools, religious education is centred on the study of Torah. At Sinai, according to Jewish tradition, Moses received the Torah in two parts: a written tradition (Hebrew scripture) and an oral tradition. The oral tradition contained much scriptural "interpretation" known, in Hebrew, as midrash. Midrash continued to be taught and…

Sigel, Deena

2010-01-01

473

Rates of Cyber Victimization and Bullying among Male Australian Primary and High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence and nature of electronic forms of bullying (cyberbullying) was investigated among 1,530 primary and secondary school aged male students (Years 6 to 12; 9-18 years, chronologically) in Sydney and Brisbane, Australia. Findings revealed that victimization via the Internet was the most common form of cyberbullying with 11.5 percent of…

Sakellariou, Tass; Carroll, Annemaree; Houghton, Stephen

2012-01-01

474

The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

2012-01-01

475

A Study of The "New Primary Approach" in The Schools of Kenya.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-part study is an outgrowth of the explosive expansion in English-medium instruction which has taken place in the primary schools of Kenya since 1957. "Part I: The Prator Statement," which concentrates on the linguistic, methodological, and teacher-training aspects of the overall problem, presents first a description of the linguistic…

Hutasoit, Marnixius; Prator, Clifford H.

476

Epidemiological features and control of an outbreak of scarlet fever in a Perth primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scarlet fever was associated with feared outbreaks and mortality in the 19th Century. It occurs sporadi- cally in modern society and infection is readily treated with antibiotics. We report on a scarlet fever outbreak in children attending a primary school in Perth, Western Australia, in late 2003. A total of 13 cases were identifi ed over a fi ve week

Kynan T Feeney; Gary K Dowse; Anthony D Keil; Christine Mackaay; Duncan McLellan

477

Roles and Responsibilities of Teaching Assistants in Primary Independent Schools of Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to identify the roles and responsibilities of teaching assistants in the primary independent schools in the State of Qatar and to determine whether these roles and responsibilities differed for subgroups in our sample. Results from the study were used to inform and improve certificate programs for teaching assistants.…

Zaki, Eman; Allen, Nancy; Almula, Badriya; Al Motawaha, Fatma; Fakhro, Aisha

2009-01-01

478

Kindergarten and Primary School Children's Implicit Theories of Learning to Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the process of learning to write from an insider perspective, by adopting the framework of implicit theories of learning. We interviewed 160 children attending kindergarten or primary education in public schools in Argentina (20 children from each of the eight grades from kindergarten to seventh grade). Main questions explored…

Scheuer, Nora; de la Cruz, Montserrat; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Echenique, Monica; Marquez, Maria Silvina

2009-01-01

479

Gender Differences in the Role of Emotional Intelligence during the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between components of emotional intelligence (EI) (interpersonal ability, intrapersonal ability, adaptability and stress management) and academic performance in English, maths and science was examined in a sample of 86 children (49 males and 37 females) aged 11-12 years during the primary-secondary school transition period.…

Jordan, Julie-Ann; McRorie, Margaret; Ewing, Cathy

2010-01-01

480

Activation of Inaccurate Prior Knowledge Affects Primary-School Students' Metacognitive Judgments and Calibration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated whether activation of inaccurate prior knowledge before study contributes to primary-school children's commission errors and overconfidence in these errors when learning new concepts. Findings indicate that inaccurate prior knowledge affects children's learning and calibration. The level of children's judgments of learning…

van Loon, Mariette H.; de Bruin, Anique B. H.; van Gog, Tamara; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2013-01-01

481

Learning to Teach Inquiry: A Course in Inquiry-Based Science for Future Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed a course in inquiry-based science for students training to become primary school teachers. The emphasis of the course was teaching students to do inquiry-based science activities themselves, as this is the best way of learning how to teach using inquiry-based methods. (Contains 1 table.)

Kremer, Angelika; Walker, Mark; Schluter, Kirsten

2007-01-01

482

Parents' and Teachers' Preferred Medium of Instruction in Primary Schools in Enugu, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study which investigated parents' and teachers' preferred medium of instruction in primary schools was conducted in Enugu, South East, Nigeria. It employed the descriptive survey research method. 500 respondents were used for the study. 250 teachers were selected through simple random sampling technique. Two researcher-designed questionnaires…

Amadi, Eugenia Ada

2012-01-01

483

The Development of Students' Use of Additive and Proportional Methods along Primary and Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the development of proportional and additive methods along primary and secondary school. In particular, it simultaneously investigates the use of additive methods in proportional word problems and the use of proportional methods in additive word problems. We have also studied the role played by integer and non-integer…

Fernandez, Ceneida; Llinares, Salvador; Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven

2012-01-01

484

Teacher Training Processes and Teachers' Competence-A Sociological Study in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes part of a study whose aim was to investigate the relation between modalities of teacher training and modalities of pedagogic practice implemented in the science classroom. The study is focused on primary school context and analyses the evolution of teachers performance in terms of their acquisition of recognition and…

Morais, A.M.; Neves, I.P.; Afonso, M.

2005-01-01

485

Characterizing Teaching Effectiveness in the Joint Action Theory in Didactics: An Exploratory Study in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an exploratory study of two consecutive reading sessions conducted in primary school by two different teachers. Our purpose is twofold. From a theoretical viewpoint, we propose a tentative set of conditions of teaching effectiveness by relying on the Joint Action Theory in Didactics. From a methodological viewpoint, drawing on…

Sensevy, Gérard

2014-01-01

486

Perspectives and Visions of Computer Science Education in Primary and Secondary (K-12) Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the recent developments in many countries, for example, in the USA and in the UK, it appears that computer science education (CSE) in primary or secondary schools (K-12) has reached a significant turning point, shifting its focus from ICT-oriented to rigorous computer science concepts. The goal of this special issue is to offer a…

Hubwieser, Peter; Armoni, Michal; Giannakos, Michail N.; Mittermeir, Roland T.

2014-01-01

487

The Attitudes of Primary School Pre-Service Teachers towards Cursive Handwriting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the primary school pre-service teachers' attitude toward cursive handwriting and to determine whether a significant difference exists among those pre-service teachers' attitude with respect to gender, class and their universities. In order to collect data "Scale for Attitude towards Cursive…

Karadag, Ruhan

2014-01-01

488

Investigating Students Misbehavior in Classroom Management in State and Private Primary Schools with a Comparative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research aims to showing the students misbehaviors in formal and private primary schools according to the perceptions of class teachers working in Kayseri in 2006-2007 academic year The data has been collected with the questionnaire developed by the researcher based on review survey and expert ideas. Questionnaire is applied to 245 teachers in…

Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

2010-01-01

489

The Teaching of African Traditional Religion in Primary Schools in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimbabwe's Education Ministry recommended the teaching of African Traditional Religion in recognition of its multi-religious society. This study sought to establish the extent to which African Traditional Religion is taught in primary schools, the challenges faced by teachers, and opportunities for promoting its teaching. A descriptive survey…

Marashe, Joel; Ndamba, Gamuchirai Tsitsiozashe; Chireshe, Excellent

2009-01-01

490

Issues in the Development of Children's Centres on Nursery and Primary School Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the development of children's centres in England between 2004 and 2008, focusing on the newly created centres that have been located on primary and nursery school sites. Using both an analysis of policy documents and interview data from three urban local authorities, we examine the use of premises and the differing priorities…

Lewis, Jane; Finnegan, Cathy; West, Anne

2011-01-01

491

Generalist Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Primary School Music Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study focuses on the music teaching experiences of five Australian generalist primary school teachers in their third year of teaching. The aim was to identify these teachers' current practices in teaching music, in particular their self-efficacy in relation to teaching music. A narrative inquiry methodology was employed,…

de Vries, Peter

2013-01-01

492

The Talent Managing Work of the Balaton-Felvideki Szin-Vonal Primary Art School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, art education has been recognized as a suitable tool for enhancing emotional intelligence and nurturing a child's creative development. However, it seems that the education of art has lost the race against other primary school subjects, with only a minimal number of lessons being taught. The establishment of the afternoon art…

Baranyai, Valeria

2013-01-01

493

Elementary/Primary School Curriculum in Asia and the Pacific. National Reports: Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second volume of national reports on elementary or primary school curriculum in Asia and the Pacific, resulting from a project sponsored by the National Institute for Educational Research (NIER) in Tokyo, Japan. It includes national reports for the following countries: New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

494

The Scope of Cooperative Work in the Classroom from the Viewpoint of Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Different international organisms, including UNESCO, insist on the importance of collaborative teamwork to face today's challenges. This skill should be fostered from the early stages of education, and consequently, it is particularly important that Primary School teacher training institutions draw up proposals and implement new…

Fernandez-Lozano, M P.; Gonzalez-Ballesteros, M.; De-Juanas, A.

2012-01-01

495

Changes in Lithuanian Pre-School and Pre-Primary Education Quality over the Last Decade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, the changes in Lithuanian pre-school and pre-primary education have been predetermined by changes in paradigms of children's education and strategic education documents that provided for guidelines of high quality children's (self-)education, an increasing attention of society to the quality of children's education, training…

Monkeviciene, Ona; Stankeviciene, Kristina

2011-01-01

496

Student Transition from Primary to Lower Secondary School in Cambodia: Narrative Insights into Complex Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around…

Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Zimmermann, Thomas; Sitha, Chhinh; Williams, James H.; Kitamura, Yuto

2014-01-01

497

The Effects of Musical Training on the Decoding Skills of German-Speaking Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the results of a long-term study of 159 German-speaking primary school children. The correlations between musical skills (perception and differentiation of rhythmical and tonal/melodic patterns) and decoding skills, and the effects of musical training on word-level reading abilities were investigated. Cognitive skills and…

Rautenberg, Iris

2015-01-01

498

To What Extent Can Children's Geography Books Help a Primary School Teacher Explain Cause and Purpose?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New teachers and those without a strong background in geography tend to neglect "higher level" thinking, including causal explanations and thinking about reasons in primary school geography. This is a problem that training has yet to address effectively, at least in the UK. It could be that children's textbooks may help such teachers address these…

Newton, Lynn D.; Newton, Douglas P.

2006-01-01

499

Consanguineous marriage among the parents of hearing impaired students in Baghcheban primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Genetic studies show that consanguineous marriage can increase the probability of incidence of genetic impairments such as hearing impairments. The target of this study is to identify the prevalence of consanguinity among the parents of hearing impaired students in primary schools. Materials and Methods: We selected all of deaf students of Tehran (614 students). Their mothers answered to questionnaires.

Mansoureh Nikbakht; Ahmadreza Nazeri; Zohreh Amiri

500

Developing Strategic and Reasoning Abilities with Computer Games at Primary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports a small-scale, long-term pilot project designed to foster strategic and reasoning abilities in young primary school pupils by engaging them in a number of computer games, mainly those usually called mind games (brainteasers, puzzlers, etc.). In this paper, the objectives, work methodology, experimental setting, and tools used in…

Bottino, R. M.; Ferlino, L.; Ott, M.; Tavella, M.

2007-01-01