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1

Understanding Greek Primary School Children's Comprehension of Sun Exposure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses Greek primary school children's understanding of sun exposure during summer vacation. Results indicate that children know the damaging effects of long time exposure and the precautions that should be taken during summer bathing. (Author/SOE)

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Papadimitriou, Vasiliki; Piperakis, Michael M.; Zisis, Panagiotis

2003-01-01

2

Experiencing Multiculturalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of a monocultural and monolingual education system, this paper seeks to explore and compare the experiences of Cypriot and non-Cypriot pupils in Greek-Cypriot primary schools with culturally diverse pupil populations. The concept of multiculturalism has been introduced only very recently in Cyprus and there has been little…

Partasi, Evgenia

2011-01-01

3

Understanding Greek Primary School Children's Comprehension of Sun Exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess Greek primary (1st to 6th grade) school children's understanding of sun exposure during summer vacation. Our results show that children know the damaging effects of long time exposure and the precautions that should be taken during sun bathing (sun glasses, hat, umbrella, sunscreen, etc). Nevertheless, they do not seem to avoid being

Stylianos M. Piperakis; Vasiliki Papadimitriou; Michael M. Piperakis; Panagiotis Zisis

2003-01-01

4

"Innovations" On Hold: Sex Education in the Greek Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to examine the way sex and relationships education programs, as part of Health Education extra curriculum activities, have been implemented in the Greek primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents and discusses data from an anonymous survey research questionnaire distributed to the 68 Elementary…

Gerouki, Margarita

2009-01-01

5

The Role of Teaching Poetry in Developing Literacy in Greek Primary School: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study is to examine the ways in which the systematic teaching of poetry reading at Greek primary school enhances children's interest in reading and helps develop their oral skills by enriching their vocabulary and creative thinking. The present poetry project was implemented at a Greek public kindergarten in Rethymno,…

Aravani, Evagelia

2012-01-01

6

Attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without special educational needs to inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in school settings depends largely on the attitudes of parents of peers without SEN. The purpose of the present study was to explore the attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without SEN towards inclusion. The participants were 338 parents (182 fathers, 156 mothers), aged 27 to 58 years (mean

Efrosini Kalyva; Maria Georgiadi; Vlastaris Tsakiris

2007-01-01

7

Job Satisfaction: Factor Analysis of Greek Primary School Principals' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that affect the level of job satisfaction that school principals experience and, based on the findings, to suggest policies or techniques for improving it. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires were administered to 180 primary school heads in 13 prefectures--one from each of…

Saiti, Anna; Fassoulis, Konstantinos

2012-01-01

8

Promoting Internet Safety in Greek Primary Schools: the Teacher's Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of the Internet at schools has raised new pedagogical challenges facing educators trying to ensure children's awareness of the possible dangers when surfing the Web. This article aims to investigate how teachers evaluate the possible dangers that students might face when surfing the Net for various educational or interpersonal…

Anastasiades, Panagiotes S.; Vitalaki, Elena

2011-01-01

9

Children's Construction and Experience of Racism and Nationalism in Greek-Cypriot Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings that highlight children's construction and experience of racism and nationalism among a sample of Greek-Cypriot (the majority) and Turkish-speaking (the minority) children in Greek-Cypriot schools through the lens of intersectionality theory. The article first reviews previous work in relation to children, racism and…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2010-01-01

10

Children’s construction and experience of racism and nationalism in Greek-Cypriot primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings that highlight children’s construction and experience of racism and nationalism among a sample of Greek-Cypriot (the majority) and Turkish-speaking (the minority) children in Greek-Cypriot schools through the lens of intersectionality theory. The article first reviews previous work in relation to children, racism and nationalism and describes the theoretical framework that is grounded in intersectionality theory. The

Michalinos Zembylas

2010-01-01

11

Understanding Nutrition: A Study of Greek Primary School Children Dietary Habits, before and after Classroom Nutrition Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was first to assess and then to improve the diet of Greek primary school children teaching them healthy dietary habits and instructing them to face critically advertisements and media projected dietary models using a program which included intervention on cognitive, emotional, and social level. The results show that our…

Piperakis, Stylianos M.; Sotiriou, Apostolos; Georgiou, Evanthia; Thanou, Ageliki; Zafiropoulou, Maria

2004-01-01

12

Constructivist Learning and Teaching of Optics Concepts Using ICT Tools in Greek Primary School: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study documents the design and evaluation results of an innovative teaching approach with the use of ICT regarding the optics concepts of light reflection and diffusion, and vision in Greek primary school. First there was a survey of 140 students to ascertain their initial ideas regarding these concepts. On the basis of the results of…

Tekos, George; Solomonidou, Christina

2009-01-01

13

Constructivist Learning and Teaching of Optics Concepts Using ICT Tools in Greek Primary School: A Pilot Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This pilot study documents the design and evaluation results of an innovative teaching approach with the use of ICT regarding the optics concepts of light reflection and diffusion, and vision in Greek primary school. First there was a survey of 140 students to ascertain their initial ideas regarding these concepts. On the basis of the results of that survey, a range of ICT tools were developed, including a multimedia software application and a piece of Greek physics educational software. They were then used in the classroom together with an applet on the Web and printed students' worksheets, and their effectiveness was evaluated. Teaching was implemented in four Greek primary school classes with 81 students. Another 59 students were taught the subject traditionally. Before and after instruction all students answered a written questionnaire. Data analysis revealed that students of the experimental group achieved statistically better performance and manifested conceptual change whereas students in the control group students presented only a minimal evolution in their initial ideas.

Tekos, George; Solomonidou, Christina

2009-10-01

14

Working memory and vocabulary development in Greek preschool and primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research investigated the relative contributions of verbal short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) to vocabulary development in the early years among Greek-speaking children. Participants were 5.5-, 7.5-, 8.5- and 9.5-year-old (N = 216) native speakers of Greek, a language differing from English in which most investigations have been conducted. Children were assessed with a receptive vocabulary task, four verbal

Elisavet Chrysochoou; Zoe Bablekou; Elvira Masoura; Nikolaos Tsigilis

2012-01-01

15

Greek primary school teachers' understanding of current environmental issues: An exploration of their environmental knowledge and images of nature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, the Greek primary school teachers' understanding of three current environmental issues (acid rain, the ozone layer depletion, and the greenhouse effect) as well as the emerging images of nature were examined. The study revealed that teachers held several environmental knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the three phenomena. Using the media as major environmental information sources, in which environmental issues are constructed as environmental risks, teachers are being environmentally educated in lay and not in scientific terms. Moreover, the image of nature emerging from their ideas about the three environmental issues is that of the romantic archetype, which prevails in postindustrial societies. Such a view, though, gives a conceptualization of nature as balance, under which the greenhouse effect and acid rain are seen as exclusively human-induced disturbances.

Michail, Sirmo; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2007-03-01

16

Views of Nature and the Human-Nature Relations: An Analysis of the Visual Syntax of Pictures about the Environment in Greek Primary School Textbooks--Diachronic Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the function of the visual syntax of images in Greek primary school textbooks. By using a model for the formal analysis of the visual material, which will allow us to disclose the mechanisms through which meanings are manifested, our aim is to investigate the discursive transition relating to the view of nature and the…

Lemoni, Rea; Lefkaditou, Ageliki; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Schizas, Dimitrios; Stamou, George P.

2013-01-01

17

Role of special\\/support teachers in Greek primary schools: a counterproductive effect of ‘inclusion’ practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pull?out programmes, resource, and\\/or support rooms and services have played a vital role in either hindering or promoting the implementation of more inclusive practices in school communities. In Greece there is a strong assumption that support rooms and part?time withdrawal are the most effective ways of promoting the educational and social inclusion of children defined as having special needs. It

Anastasia Vlachou

2006-01-01

18

Performance of Students from the Former USSR in Greek Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1990s, Greece received, among other immigrants from different regions of the world, repatriates from the former USSR as well as refugees from the same region. This article outlines part of a research study focusing on the children of both Greek and other origins, who emigrated to Greece from the former USSR and who attended primary schools

Mitakidou, S.; Tourtouras, C.; Tressou, E.

2008-01-01

19

The Classical Greek Program in the School District of Philadelphia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classical Greek is taught as an elective to over 200 students in seven secondary schools of the School District of Philadelphia. In the past decade the restoration of Greek studies to the classical curriculum was called for, and in 1968 a Greek Curriculum Committee was established in Philadelphia to develop a program and instructional materials.…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

20

Bully/Victim Problems and Their Association with Machiavellianism and Self-Efficacy in Greek Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous research demonstrated that Machiavellian beliefs are linked with bully/victim problems at school. However, Machiavellianism was treated as a single construct and not as multidimensional. Children's perceptions of self-efficacy in both social and academic domains have been related to conflictual peer interactions but not…

Andreou, E.

2004-01-01

21

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us. A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Teacher's Guide - Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a teacher's guide for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the similarities and…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

22

The Ancient Greeks Speak to Us - A New Humanistic Approach to Classical Greek and Greek Culture for Secondary Schools. Students' Programmed Text-Level Beta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student's programmed text for Level Beta of a humanistic approach to instruction of Classical Greek and Greek culture in secondary schools. The goals of the program are to help students become aware of: (1) the impact of Hellenic civilization on contemporary society, including the impact of the Greek language on English; (2) the…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

23

Acculturation and adaptation of immigrant adolescents in Greek urban schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the acculturation, psychological well?being, and school adjustment of Pontian adolescents from the former Soviet Union (FSU?Pontians), who are immigrants of the diaspora living in Greece, compared with an immigrant group from Albania and native Greek classmates. The sample included 165 FSU?Pontian immigrants, 272 immigrants from Albania, and their 525 Greek classmates (mean

Vassilis Pavlopoulos; Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2008-01-01

24

Project-based Learning to Promote Citizenship Education in Greek Primary Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a small-scale research project on a project-based learning approach to citizenship education. Project-based learning and citizenship education share a common principle, that of active pupil participation in real life situations. Utilising a case study research design, the paper illustrates the levels of pupil participation experienced by a Year 6 class in a Greek primary school, where children

Stavroula Kaldi

25

"Romantic", "Classic" and "Baroque" Views of Nature: An Analysis of Pictures about the Environment in Greek Primary School Textbooks--Diachronic Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking the view that pictures are not a transparent but rather a deforming mirror of reality, shaping representations of the world bound up with the interests of the social institutions within which pictures are circulated and read, our aim is to explore what view of nature and of the human-nature relationship is built in Greek natural science…

Lemoni, Rea; Stamou, Anastasia G.; Stamou, George P.

2011-01-01

26

What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas

2011-01-01

27

The Integration of Traditional Greek Dance in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper researches the statutory educational regulations used as a foundation to introduce traditional Greek dance in the school curriculum and which transformed it into a taught subject with connections to the ideological-political and social conditions prevalent in Greece at the time. It particularly concerns the connection between the aims…

Gartzonika, Eleftheria

2013-01-01

28

Greek school career Counselors competencies and burnout syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship between the Greek school career counselors’ competencies and burnout syndrome. One-hundred eighty seven professionals were administered the International Competencies for Educational and Vocational Guidance Practitioners Questionnaire and the Masclach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. The results revealed that cynicism and emotional exhaustion are negatively related with the effective implementation of the core counseling competencies, while professional

Kalliopi Kounenou; Georgia Koumoundourou; Evi Makri-Botsari

2010-01-01

29

Empathy as a Tool for Historical Understanding: An Evaluative Approach of the Ancient Greek Primary History Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the ancient Greek history curriculum and the corresponding textbook as they are implemented in the fourth grade of primary school in an aim to determine whether and to what extent empathy is recognized as a fundamental tool for historical understanding. A close examination of the curriculum revealed that empathy is not…

Lazarakou, Elisabeth D.

2008-01-01

30

Who Carries the National Flag?: The Politics of Cultural Identity in the Increasingly Multicultural Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change in the composition of the school population as a result of the extensive influx of immigrants in Greece has brought in a recurrent controversy on the issue of allowing non-Greek citizen to carry the national flag, the Greek's most cherished national emblem, as a reward for an excellent school performance. When a state legislator, many…

Mattheou, Dimitrios; Roussakis, Yiannis; Theocharis, Dimitris

2006-01-01

31

Reading in One's Ethnic Language: A Study of Greek-Australian High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines reading achievement when the maternal/paternal language has become a de facto second language. The performance of a cohort of Greek-Australian high school students (N = 270) on a diagnostic Greek reading test was significantly below that of pupils in second to fourth grades in Greece. The mean item difficulty for…

Athanasou, James A.; Lamprianou, Iasonas

2004-01-01

32

Primary School Exclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the focus of research and debate about school exclusions in the United Kingdom has focused on secondary-age pupils. This paper presents findings of a study that hopes to inform preventative work with primary-age children who display great difficulties in mainstream and special schools. The paper examines evidence about the incidence and…

Lawrence, Brenda; Hayden, Carol

33

Primary School Exclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence about the nature and incidence of primary school exclusions is developed using a national questionnaire from 46 English and Welsh school districts and three regional case studies, with 265 excluded children within them. Findings show the prevalence of the problem and the many issues associated with it. (SLD)

Lawrence, Brenda; Hadyen, Carol

1997-01-01

34

The Anthropogenic "Greenhouse Effect": Greek Prospective Primary Teachers' Ideas about Causes, Consequences and Cures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the ideas of Greek prospective primary teachers about the anthropogenic greenhouse effect, particularly about its causes, consequences and cures. For this purpose, a survey was conducted: 265 prospective teachers completed a closed-form questionnaire. The results showed serious misconceptions in all areas (causes, consequences…

Ikonomidis, Simos; Papanastasiou, Dimitris; Melas, Dimitris; Avgoloupis, Stavros

2012-01-01

35

Philosophy in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article is a critical discussion of the aims behind the teaching of philosophy in British primary schools. It begins by reviewing the recent Special Issue of the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" Vol 45 Issue 2 2011 on "Philosophy for Children in Transition", so as to see what light this might throw on the topic just mentioned. The result…

White, John

2012-01-01

36

Greek Mainstream Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions of Inclusive Education and of Having Pupils with Complex Learning Disabilities in the Classroom/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine Greek mainstream secondary school teachers' perceptions of inclusive education and of having pupils with complex learning disabilities (cLD) in the classroom or school. Participants included 138 Greek mainstream secondary school teachers working in inclusive state schools in northern Greece. Findings…

Coutsocostas, Georgia-Gloria; Alborz, Alison

2010-01-01

37

A Qualitative Study Investigating Gender Differences in Primary Work Stressors and Levels of Job Satisfaction in Greek Junior Hospital Doctors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary work stressors and job satisfaction/dissatisfaction in Greek Junior Hospital Doctors (JHDs) are investigated to identify similarities and differences in the reports obtained from male and female hospital doctors. Participants in the study included 32 male and 28 female Greek hospital doctors who provided information through…

Antoniou, Alexander-Stamatios; Cooper, Cary L.; Davidson, Marilyn J.

2008-01-01

38

At a Crossroad between Memory and Thinking: The Case of Primary History Education in the Greek Cypriot Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the moment primary history education in the Greek Cypriot educational system is mainly about providing substantive knowledge and promoting Greek national identity and other social goals. Debates about history education are mostly about the kind of the past that should conveyed to the students and the social aims which should be promoted through…

Perikleous, Lukas

2010-01-01

39

Exploring the Reality of Applied Partnerships: The Case of the Greek School Health Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore the barriers and facilitators of building partnerships in terms of the national school health education (SHE) curriculum in Greek secondary education. Setting: One large urban public secondary school, local authorities and external partners. Methods: A single case study, adopting an ethnographic approach, sought to record and…

Soultatou, Pelagia; Duncan, Peter

2009-01-01

40

Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of a Resilience Measure in Greek Elementary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to adapt the Resilience Youth Development Module (RYDM) and assess its psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency and convergent validity in Greek elementary students. Participants (N = 346) completed a battery of self-report questionnaires, including the RYDM, School Connectedness Scale, and Strengths and…

Nearchou, Finiki A.; Stogiannidou, Ariadni; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris

2014-01-01

41

The Ideas of Greek High School Students about the "Ozone Layer."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of Greek high school students' (n=116) perceptions of the ozone layer. Finds that students have a good understanding of the position and purpose of the ozone layer in terms of protection from ultraviolet rays, but students also hold misconceptions linking the ozone layer to the greenhouse effect and other forms of local…

Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Papantoniou, Vasso Spiliotopoulou

1999-01-01

42

Analysis of the New Physics Textbook for the 9th Grade of the Greek Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the following paper we analyze the new textbook of Physics for the 9th grade (last year of compulsory education) of Greek schools. For this analysis, we use the framework that was developed by Koulaidis, B., Dimopoulos, K., Sklaveniti S., Xristidou B. (2002) The emphasis of this analysis is not in the content of the book, but in the transformation

Georgios Kountouriotis

2010-01-01

43

Sustaining School Improvement: Ten Primary Schools' Journeys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first report of a study of factors involved in sustainable school improvement in New Zealand. The study's purpose is to see whether there is a common understanding of "school improvement" in schools, and in the external agencies and organizations that support or frame their work. The report describes case studies in nine primary

Mitchell, Linda; Cameron, Marie; Wylie, Cathy

44

Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was the application of a year-long intervention program, in typical Greek physical education school classes, which aimed to change motivational climate, goal orientations, motivation, and students' attitudes toward exercise and nutrition. Participants in the intervention program included 105 Grade-10 students, and 529 students of the same age took part as a control grou|pImmediately after the

Triantafylos Christodoulidis; Athanasios Papaioannou; Nikolaos Digelidis

2001-01-01

45

English in the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication comprises a collection of papers dealing with the teaching of English as a subject and as a medium of instruction in the elementary grades in Nigeria. Titles and authors are--(1) "The Background to English in the Primary School" by B.W. Tiffen; (2) "The Six Year Primary Course" by S. Gwarzo; (3) "Investigation into the 'Straight…

Tiffen, B.W., Ed.

46

Analysis of the New Physics Textbook for the 9th Grade of the Greek Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the following paper we analyze the new textbook of Physics for the 9th grade (last year of compulsory education) of Greek schools. For this analysis, we use the framework that was developed by Koulaidis, B., Dimopoulos, K., Sklaveniti S., Xristidou B. (2002) The emphasis of this analysis is not in the content of the book, but in the transformation of scientific knowledge to school knowledge, the way the distinction of scientific and everyday knowledge is presented in the book and the pedagogic relations between teachers and students that the book implies. A limited comparison with the previous textbook is also presented.

Kountouriotis, Georgios

2010-01-01

47

Establishment of research in primary health care in Greece. Experiences of Greek-Swedish collaboration.  

PubMed

The last few decades have seen great changes in health care and medical care in Greece, as well as in the Greek university system. A new law on health care and medical care has come into force, a new university hospital and new health centres have been built, and a faculty of medicine has been established at Heraklion in Crete. People are speaking of a change of paradigm. Simultaneous with the introduction of the new national health care system, the Department of Family and Social Medicine (DFSM) in Crete started a major project on public health, known as the Primary Health Care and Nutrition Programs (abbreviated as PPD). The purpose was to chart the state of health and living conditions of the Cretan population in the period 1986-1990. Cooperation in research and training began between DFSM and the Dalby Health Sciences Centre, Lund University in 1987. This was natural since there was a shared interest in research into family medicine and social medicine. In addition, a new Health Care Act had come into force in Sweden in 1982. The establishment phase of primary health care started in Sweden at the end of the 1960s. In the 1970s health centres were established, along with research and training in family medicine, in a way that is comparable in many respects to the situation in which Crete found itself a decade later. This paper concerns the organization and implementation of PPD and the research cooperation between Greek and Swedish institutions. This can be seen as an expression of the internationalization of research for which the two universities have striven. PMID:1800198

Fioretos, M; Scherstén, B

1991-12-01

48

Social and Psychological Characteristics of Greek Secondary School Students with Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Greece there is an almost total lack of special education after the primary school (6th grade). This is a descriptive study that aimed to examine social, academic and psychological characteristics of secondary school students with a history of special placement during primary school. It compared 86 students with a placement (group A) with their…

Zafiriadis, Kiriakos; Livaditis, Miltos; Xenitidis, Kiriakos; Diamanti, Miranta; Tsatalmpasidou, Evgenia; Sigalas, Ioannis; Polemikos, Nikitas

2005-01-01

49

The Attitudes of Greek Teachers and Trainee Teachers towards the Development of School Psychological and Counselling Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate what active as well as student teachers (i.e. future teachers) think about the provision of school psychological and counselling services within Greek elementary schools. Two hundred and eight active teachers and university students were asked to complete a Likert-type questionnaire rating the…

Dimakos, Ioannis C.

2006-01-01

50

REDESIGNING THE MOODLE INTERFACE FOR USE IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS WITH A RATIO OF 1 COMPUTER PER STUDENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing trend of one laptop (or one computer) per child, and its pilot implementations in schools in Greece and Cyprus, has shown the need for reexamining the way we administer and deliver content in the classroom. Especially in Cyprus and Greek public (primary) schools, the mixed-ability groups that exist in every classroom require the teacher to handle simultaneously at

Alexandros Kofteros; Avraam Triantafillidis; Antonis Skellas; Anna Krassa

51

Metric Units in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although this pamphlet is intended as background material for teachers in English primary schools changing to the System International d'Unites (SI units), the form of the metric system being adopted by the United Kingdom, the educational implications of the change and the lists of apparatus suitable for use with children up to 14 years of age are…

Lighthill, M. J.; And Others

52

Primary Childhood School Success Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to build and pilot a psychometric instrument, the Primary Childhood School Success Scale (PCSSS), to identify behaviors needed for children to be successful in first grade. Fifty-two teacher responses were collected. The instrument had a reliability coefficient (Alpha) of 0.95, a mean of 13.26, and a variance…

Seagraves, Margaret C.

53

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of 40 primary school leaders from ten very successful primary schools who were interviewed in order to find out the skills, processes and practices that are required for the leadership of successful curriculum innovation in primary schools. Findings suggest that school leaders need to create an "ethos for change" if…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane

2011-01-01

54

WHY NOT GREEK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BECAUSE A KNOWLEDGE OF CLASSICAL GREEK IS NECESSARY FOR UNDERSTANDING MODERN THOUGHT AND LITERATURE, IT SHOULD BE PART OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. A PROBLEM IS GETTING TEACHERS OF GREEK, AND PROBABLY MOST OF THE TEACHING SHOULD BE DONE BY COLLEGE PROFESSORS WHO TEACH THE HIGHLY MOTIVATED STUDENTS IN THE HIGH SCHOOL. AN ELEMENTARY COURSE…

SHRIVER, JOHN R.

55

Cognitive and Socio-Affective Outcomes of Project-Based Learning: Perceptions of Greek Second Chance School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present questionnaire-based study was conducted in 2010 in order to examine 677 Greek Second Chance School (SCS) students' perceptions about the cognitive and socio-affective outcomes of project-based learning. Data elaboration, statistical and factor analysis showed that the participants found that project-based learning offered a second…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Karageorgou, Elissavet

2013-01-01

56

Examining School Culture in Flemish and Chinese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to gain understanding about school culture characteristics of primary schools in the Flemish and Chinese context. The study was carried out in Flanders (Belgium) and China, involving a total of 44 Flemish schools and 40 Chinese schools. The School Culture Scales were used to measure five school culture dimensions with…

Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Tondeur, Jo

2014-01-01

57

"Intelligent" Primary School Project in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construction work is about to begin on a new "intelligent" primary school for 300 students (later to be expanded for 600) in the Municipality of Solaro in the province of Milan. This is the first primary school building in Italy designed according to the principles of the "intelligent school" as defined by the Centre for Educational Innovation and…

Ponti, Giorgio

2007-01-01

58

Effective Intervention in Primary Schools: Nurture Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book summarizes the experiences of nurture groups (small special education classes started in 1970 in London schools), where young children from disadvantaged environments are prepared to access the full primary school curriculum. Chapter 1, "Children at Risk of Failure in Primary Schools" (Marion Bennathan), discusses the incidence and early…

Bennathan, Marion; Boxall, Marjorie

59

Snoring in Portuguese Primary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the prevalence of snoring and its potential associations with sleep prob- lems, such as daytime symptoms, medical conditions, school performance, and behavioral disturbances in Por- tuguese children attending primary school. Methods. A previously validated questionnaire was sent to the parents of 1381 children attending primary schools in a parish of Coimbra, Portugal. To assess be- havioral disturbances,

Ana Maria Ferreira; Vanda Clemente; David Gozal; Celsa Pissarra; Helena Cesar; Isabel Coelho; Carlos F. Silva; Maria Helena P. Azevedo

2005-01-01

60

Primary school food environment in Mauritius  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – With the increasing rise in obesity and diabetes in Mauritius, the school food environment in Mauritius is becoming a major concern. No study in Mauritius has so far examined the perspective of school head teachers pertaining to food items sold in schools. The purpose of this paper is to determine the primary school food environment in Mauritius. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

M. Chan Sun; Y. Lalsing; A. H. Subratty

2009-01-01

61

Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Instructional Assignment-Related Sources of Stress in Greek Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the literature concerning Greek special education teachers, there is little evidence regarding the perceived levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and job-related stress factors. The present study focused on the above issues. A sample of 127 Greek special education teachers at the primary school level was tested with the Maslach Burnout…

Platsidou, Maria; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2008-01-01

62

Association of MMP-1 -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism with primary knee osteoarthritis in the Greek population.  

PubMed

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis with still unknown pathogenic etiology and considerable contribution of genetic factors. One of the mechanisms of cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis is enzymatic proteolysis of the extracellular matrix by metalloproteinases. MMP-1, produced by chondrocytes and synovial cells, is a major proteinase of the MMPs family. The present study aims at evaluating the association of MMP1 gene -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism with primary knee osteoarthritis in the Greek population. One hundred fifty five patients with primary symptomatic knee osteoarthritis participated in the study along with 139 controls. Genotypes were determined using PCR-RLFP technique. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were compared between both study groups. There was no significant association between MMP1 -1607 1G/2G polymorphism and knee osteoarthritis, in crude analysis; however, after multiple logistic regression analysis, 1G/2G was associated with reduced odds of knee osteoarthritis by 75% in males, compared to genotypes 1G/1G + 2G/2G, adjusting for age and BMI (adjusted OR: 0.25, 95% CI: 0.069, 0.910, p = 0.035). The present study shows that MMP1 -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism might be a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis susceptibility in the Greek population. Further investigations are needed to confirm this association in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. PMID:24838892

Lepetsos, Panagiotis; Pampanos, Andreas; Kanavakis, Emmanouil; Tzetis, Maria; Korres, Dimitrios; Papavassiliou, Athanasios G; Efstathopoulos, Nicolaos

2014-09-01

63

Homework and Attainment in Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of data relating to homework in the final year of primary school is reported in the core areas of mathematics, English and science. Information was available on achievement levels, attitudes, developed ability, cultural capital and sex. Widespread variation in reported homework frequency emerged in the core subjects in primary schools, as did significant differences between girls and boys

Steve Farrow; Peter Tymms; Brian Henderson

1999-01-01

64

Improving Primary Science: Schools Experience of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides insight into a school's experience of improving its science with the School Innovation in Science (SIS) project. Describes major elements and critical parts of the SIS project. Discusses outcomes of the project in primary schools, teachers' open responses from the component mapping survey, and understanding the change process. (KHR)

Tytler, Russell; Waldrip, Bruce

2002-01-01

65

Environmental Education in Polish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education is currently one of the important challenges of contemporary schools in Poland. The teaching and learning process in the newly reformed school offers huge possibilities in this area. This paper attempts to analyse the present form of environmental education in primary schools, which should benefit in the future from proper…

Buchcic, Elzbieta; Grodzinska-Jurczak, Malgorzata

2004-01-01

66

Improving the Primary School. Educational Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers suggestions to primary schools about how they can improve their work in preparing children for a rapidly changing world. Chapter 1 sets the stage by considering various definitions of educational improvement, efficacy, and goals. Chapter 2 assesses research on school effectiveness and critically considers components of school

Dean, Joan

67

Measuring Greek and Greek-Cypriot Students' Phonological Awareness Skills: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a new Greek phonological awareness test for preschool and primary school age children (ages 5-7) in Greece and Cyprus. A new phonological awareness test with 168 items was individually administered to 132 students (60 students in Cyprus and 72 students in Greece) from five urban, five semi-rural, and three…

Triga, Anastassia; Kakopsitou, Polina

2010-01-01

68

The introduction of medical humanities in the undergraduate curriculum of Greek medical schools: challenge and necessity  

PubMed Central

Background and Aim: Medical humanities is a multidisciplinary field, consisting of humanities (theory of literature and arts, philosophy, ethics, history and theology), social sciences (anthropology, psychology and sociology) and arts (literature, theater, cinema, music and visual arts), integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of Medical schools. The aim of the present study is to discuss medical humanities and support the necessity of introduction of a medical humanities course in the curriculum of Greek medical schools. Materials, Methods and Results: Through the relevant Pub-Med search as well as taking into account various curricula of medical schools, it is evident that medical education today is characterized by acquisition of knowledge and skills and development of medical values and attitudes. Clinical observation with the recognition of key data and patterns in the collected information, is crucial in the final medical decision, i.e. in the complex process, through which doctors accumulate data, reach conclusions and decide on therapy. All sciences included in medical humanities are important for the high quality education of future doctors. The practice of Medicine is in large an image-related science. The history of anatomy and art are closely related, already from the Renaissance time. Studies have shown that attendance of courses on art critics improves the observational skills of medical students. Literature is the source of information about the nature and source of human emotions and behavior and of narratives of illness, and increases imagination. Philosophy aids in the development of analytical and synthetical thinking. Teaching of history of medicine develops humility and aids in avoiding the repetition of mistakes of the past, and quite often raises research and therapeutic skepticism. The comprehension of medical ethics and professional deontology guides the patient-doctor relationship, as well as the relations between physicians and their colleagues. The Medical Humanities course, which is already integrated in the undergraduate curriculum of many medical schools of Europe, USA and Australia, includes lectures by experts and students presentations on the above-mentioned areas and could be offered, for a semester, during the first years. Conclusion: The aim of Medical Humanities course is the development of imagination and interpretation of data through analytical complex procedures, the development of skills of close observation and careful interpretation of the patient "language" and the enhancement of empathy for the patients, as well as the development of the physician-patient relationship and finally the conceptualization/construction of personal and professional values. PMID:21311630

Batistatou, A; Doulis, E A; Tiniakos, D; Anogiannaki, A; Charalabopoulos, K

2010-01-01

69

A Qualitative Analysis of School Concept on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child drawing, known as language of thinking, is as an effective tool of expression as written language. The use of paper, composition, and colors are meaningful for professionals. In this research, it is intended to determine the primary school students' perception of the school and schemas with their drawings of school. Case study which is one…

Yildiz, S. Armagan

2012-01-01

70

Psychological problems of school-age German and Greek children: A cross-cultural study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated psychological problems of 466 Greek and 790 German non-referred, non-migrant children aged 6–11 years using the Child Behavior Checklist. Comparisons between the two countries on the total behaviour problem scores, the total number of positive codings, the externalizing and internalizing scales and the social competence scales revealed a number of cultural differences. Greek children displayed consistently higher

J. Tsiantis; F. Motti-Stefanidi; C. Richardson; K. Schmeck; F. Poustka

1994-01-01

71

Greek Tragedies, Greek Revivals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College leaders are cracking down on illegal and destructive behavior by fraternities and other campus groups. In establishing and implementing policy, trustees and presidents should collect data on how Greek life affects education, focus on campus physical conditions, reward appropriate behavior and punish destructive behavior, encourage student…

Dungy, Gwendolyn Jordan

1999-01-01

72

School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

Demir, Kamile

2006-01-01

73

Revisiting Primary School Dropout in Rural Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies on school dropout in Cambodia often used data from subjects after they already dropped out or statistics from education-related institutions. Using data from children in two rural provinces before they dropped out, this study examines four main factors in order to identify their influence on primary school dropout in Cambodia.…

No, Fata; Sam, Chanphirun; Hirakawa, Yukiko

2012-01-01

74

Crisis Management in a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

Barclay, Colette

2004-01-01

75

Advisory Teacher Service in Queensland Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to obtain information about how advisory teachers and persons within schools perceive the operation of the Advisory Teacher Service inaugurated in the Queensland State Department of Education in 1970. The service was provided so that advisory teachers would visit primary schools on invitation of the principal and help…

Varley, Peter J.; Cumming, Joy

76

New Opportunities for Change in Primary Schooling?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of recent evidence from Africa, Central America, and Asia, examines why rural parents in developing nations do or do not send children to primary school when compulsory education cannot be enforced. Considers economic aims, literary values, testing, and negative school attitudes in small areas of five countries. (SB)

Oxenham, John

1984-01-01

77

Behaviour problems in Chinese primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  This study aimed to determine levels of behaviour problem in primary school children, and to explore key determinants relevant\\u000a to the Chinese context: being an only child, urban living, school stressors, being bullied and physical punishment.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We administered a child self-completion questionnaire to children aged 7–13 and Rutter Parent Scales to their parents in nine\\u000a primary schools, in urban and

Therese Hesketh; Yan Zheng; Ye Xu Jun; Zhu Wei Xing; Zhou Xu Dong; Li Lu

2011-01-01

78

STREAMING IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor Lynn suggests that two investigations carried out by Dr. Barker Lunn have yielded inconsistent results: the first (cross?sectional) study showed that the attainment of children in streamed schools was superior and the second (longitudinal) study showed that streamed children did better on one set of tests and unstreamed children did better on a parallel set of tests. He suggests

R. Lynn; Susan L. Hampson; Joan C. Barker Lunn; Jill M. Tarryer

1971-01-01

79

Primary Schooling in West Bengal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With his Nobel Prize award money, Amartya Sen set up the Pratichi Trust which carries out research, advocacy and experimental projects in basic education, primary health care, and women's development in West Bengal and Bangladesh. Professor Sen himself took active interest in this work--helping set the agenda, looking at the evidence from…

Sen, Amartya

2010-01-01

80

Reduced rates of primary joint replacement for osteoarthritis in Italian and Greek migrants to Australia: the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Racial and ethnic disparities in rates of total joint replacement have been described, but little work has been done in well-established migrant groups. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of primary joint replacement for osteoarthritis for Italian and Greek migrants to Australia and Australian-born individuals. Methods Eligible participants (n = 39,023) aged 27 to 75 years, born in Italy, Greece, Australia and the United Kingdom, were recruited for the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study between 1990 and 1994. Primary hip and knee replacement for osteoarthritis between 2001 and 2005 was determined by data linkage to the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Results Participants born in Italy and Greece had a lower rate of primary joint replacement compared with those born in Australia (hazard ratio [HR] 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.26 to 0.39, P < 0.001), independent of age, gender, body mass index, education level, and physical functioning. This lower rate was observed for joint replacements performed in private hospitals (HR 0.17, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.23), but not for joint replacements performed in public hospitals (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.29). Conclusions People born in Italy and Greece had a lower rate of primary joint replacement for osteoarthritis in this cohort study compared with Australian-born people, which could not simply be explained by factors such as education level, physical functioning, and weight. Although differential access to health care found in the population may explain the different rates of joint replacement, it may be that social factors and preferences regarding treatment or different rates of progression to end-stage osteoarthritis in this population are important to ethnic disparity. PMID:19505315

Wang, Yuanyuan; Simpson, Julie A; Wluka, Anita E; Urquhart, Donna M; English, Dallas R; Giles, Graham G; Graves, Stephen; Cicuttini, Flavia M

2009-01-01

81

Perceptions of Democracy of Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to identify the perceptions of democracy of primary school students, identify the factors that affect these, and compare the results with those obtained from other countries. The research was carried out during the 2011-2012 school year with 1,667 students from the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades who were chosen from 26 cities in…

Kus, Zafer; Cetin, Turhan

2014-01-01

82

Using DEA to evaluate efficiency and formulate policy within a Greek national primary health care network. Data Envelopment Analysis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the relative efficiency of primary health care centers of the principal Greek public insurance provider, the Social Security Institute (IKA). The source of the efficiency data was the Statistical Unit of IKA. Using Data Envelopment Analysis, we analyzed data from 133 centers nationwide. Input variables included the number of personnel, stratified in different categories, and the number of people covered by each health center. The number of pensioners enlisted to each health care facility was used as an index of aging and vulnerability of the covered population. According to the results of the study, centers with the technological infrastructure to perform laboratory and/or radiographic examinations exhibited higher efficiency scores. In addition, centers with eligible covered populations from 10,000 to 50,000 were found as the most efficient. Health sector reforms should be planned on the basis of such analyses. If the model is supplemented with valid demographic, socioeconomic, and epidemiological data, it may become the basis for the creation of a national health care chart, matching available resources to the population and its health care needs. PMID:12118812

Zavras, Athanasios I; Tsakos, Georgios; Economou, Charalabos; Kyriopoulos, John

2002-08-01

83

Proceedings of Student/Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 6, 2005 A Greek Pottery Shape and School Identification and Classification  

E-print Network

Proceedings of Student/Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 6, 2005 A Greek Pottery propose an image-based pottery shape and school identification and classification system for an unknown pottery or fragment. This system is designed to assist archaeologists and students to identify and record

Tappert, Charles

84

Data and Dialogue in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many primary school teachers will have not heard of the data-handling cycle as set out in the English Key Stage 3 (UK ages 11-14) curriculum. This article argues that with a little adjustment, it could become the defining model for a holistic and dialogical approach to data handling at Key Stage 2 (UK ages 7-11).

Paramore, John

2011-01-01

85

Anthropometric study of Mexican primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an anthropometric survey conducted on male and female Mexican primary school children age 6–11 years in the metropolitan area of the city of Guadalajara. A set of 50 body dimensions was taken based on international standards. The sample consisted of 4758 children (boys and girls). The anthropometric measurements were compared to those of American,

Lilia R Prado-León; Rosal??o Avila-Chaurand; Elvia L González-Muñoz

2001-01-01

86

Planning Guidelines for Primary Schools, Issue 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide, reflecting recent changes in the educational system in Ireland, offers guidelines for designing primary schools that need to provide additional space for the growing range of teaching and support services. It addresses increased sizes of general purpose rooms, extra floor area provision for classroom storage, administration,…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

87

Enterprise Culture in a Church Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class project to design a robe for the pastor of Church of England primary school was undertaken to give children a first-hand problem-solving experience and increase their involvement in the church activities. Much mathematics and communication was required to complete this cooperative learning task. (MDH)

Hawkin, Wendy

1991-01-01

88

Awareness of autism in primary school teachers.  

PubMed

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease. PMID:24363934

Arif, Muhammad Mustafa; Niazy, Ayesha; Hassan, Bilal; Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

89

Awareness of Autism in Primary School Teachers  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess the knowledge and perception of primary school teachers regarding autism in private and public schools of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on primary school teachers in different districts of Karachi. A sample size of 170 teachers was selected by purposive sampling. Primary data was collected using self-administered questionnaires. These questions assessed the teacher's knowledge and perception of Autism. Data was entered on SPSS version 20. Frequencies and percentages were taken out for categorical variables. Results. Of the total 170 teachers, 85 were from the Private and 85 from Public sector schools. 55% (n = 94) of the teachers knew about Autism through the media and only 9% (n = 15) had formal training through workshops on Autism. 62% (n = 105) of the teachers were of the opinion that Autism is treatable. Majority of the teachers (57%) said that proper training is required for teaching autistic children. Conclusion. The knowledge related to Autism in our existing sample has mostly come from the media. Although we cannot undermine the role of media, there is a need to give formal training to teachers regarding the differentiating features of Autism, which in turn will aid in early diagnosis of the disease. PMID:24363934

Ahmed, Farah

2013-01-01

90

Classroom furniture dimensions and anthropometric measures in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare students’ dimensions to the dimension of school furniture, in primary school, and determine whether this type of furniture is well-designed and promotes good sitting posture at school by taking into account the dimensions of the children.A total of 180 (90 male and 90 female) students, from three primary schools in Thessaloniki, Greece,

Georgia Panagiotopoulou; Kosmas Christoulas; Anthoula Papanckolaou; Konstantinos Mandroukas

2004-01-01

91

Health services management in primary schools (Elazig city sample)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary school children have low resistance to diseases. In order to live a healthy life, they should be equipped with health literacy skills. Effective primary school health services can only be achieved with the collaboration of related parties. Turkish schools generally do not employ permanent health personnel, and school health services are generally taken to be synonymous with health screening.

I. Bak?r Arabaci

2009-01-01

92

Greeks in America: Contributions to America, Relationship to Homeland, Integration into American Life, Retention of Ethnicity in America. Ethnic Heritage in America: Curriculum Materials in Elementary School Social Studies on Greeks, Jews, Lithuanians, and Ukrainians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the Ethnic Heritage in America curriculum materials, this unit is about Greeks in the United States. The first section presents basic facts, such as a map of Greece, map of Eastern Europe, facts about Greece, historical chronological outline, list of Greeks in U.S. history, bibliography about Greeks, Greek publications in the United…

Chicago Consortium for Inter-Ethnic Curriculum Development, IL.

93

Primary prevention of psychological disorders in elementary and intermediate schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews primary prevention programs in elementary and intermediate schools and proposes a revised operational definition for the concept of primary prevention. For several decades, primary prevention has been advocated as a strategy for reducing the incidence of psychological disorders in the population. One setting in which primary prevention programs have frequently been developed is the school system. These

Russell Lemle

1976-01-01

94

Exploring effective music teaching strategies of primary school teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to investigate primary teachers’ teaching strategies in music Turkish primary classrooms. In the study the ‘qualitative’ research approach was adopted in order to fulfil the aims and objectives of the study. The study carried out in two state primary schools in Turkey. Total of six primary school teachers with different educational backgrounds participated in the study. Semi-structured

Zühal Dinç Altun

2010-01-01

95

Exploring the Socio-Politics of the Greek Debt Crisis in a Primary Art Classroom: A Political Cartooning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an event-driven case study which took the form of a curriculum intervention in order to examine how a class of fifth-graders understood, interpreted and commented visually on the Greek debt crisis. Considering art education as a safe place where students can critically investigate through relevant visual culture genres…

Christopoulou, Martha

2013-01-01

96

Replicating impact of a primary school HIV prevention programme: primary school action for better health, Kenya.  

PubMed

School-based programmes to combat the spread of HIV have been demonstrated to be effective over the short-term when delivered on a small scale. The question addressed here is whether results obtained with small-scale delivery are replicable in large-scale roll-out. Primary School Action for Better Health (PSABH), a programme to train teachers to deliver HIV-prevention education in upper primary-school grades in Kenya demonstrated positive impact when tested in Nyanza Province. This article reports pre-, 10-month post- and 22-month post-training results as PSABH was delivered in five additional regions of the country. A total of 26 461 students from 110 primary schools in urban and rural, middle- and low-income settings participated in this repeated cross-sectional study. Students ranged in age from 11 to 16 years, were predominantly Christian (10% Muslim), and the majority were from five different ethnic groups. Results demonstrated positive gains in knowledge, self-efficacy related to changes in sexual behaviours and condom use, acceptance of HIV+ students, endorsement of HIV-testing and behaviours to post-pone sexual debut or decrease sexual activity. These results are as strong as or stronger than those demonstrated in the original impact evaluation conducted in Nyanza Province. They support the roll-out of the programme across Kenyan primary schools. PMID:23962492

Maticka-Tyndale, E; Mungwete, R; Jayeoba, O

2014-08-01

97

Small Rural Primary Schools in Finland: A Pedagogically Valuable Part of the School Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews research on small rural primary schools in Finland and analyses it under three thematic foci: the relationship between the local rural school and the surrounding community, the small rural primary school as a learning environment, and the teachers' profession in this context. Over 30% of Finnish primary schools are small rural…

Kalaoja, Esko; Pietarinen, Janne

2009-01-01

98

Roles and Skills Comparison among Principals in Greek Schools: Application of Competing Values Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the relationship between leadership roles and skills in secondary schools in Greece. Drawing upon a sample of 124 secondary public school principals, a structured questionnaire was developed to measure leadership roles and skills. The Competing Values Framework (CVF) was adopted to operationalize the eight leadership roles. The…

Geraki, Akrivoula

2014-01-01

99

The transition from school to the university under restricted entry: A Greek tracer study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we use data from a sample of about 500 high school seniors in 12 schools in the Athens area, followed up one year after graduation, in order to analyze the factors that determine entry into the highly restricted state university system. The analysis documents a very strong social demand for higher education, only a fraction of which

George Papas; George Psacharopoulos

1987-01-01

100

The Future of Education in the Rensselaerville Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of an Ad-Hoc Committee formed to assess the future of the Rennselaerville primary school in Rensselaerville, New York, this document describes the way in which a small school has developed a "partnership" agreement with the larger Greenesville School District and has managed to keep its primary grades operative in the face of…

Connell, Jack; And Others

101

Early Intervention and Prevention for Children Excluded from Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, the problem of school exclusion in England has reached a crisis point. Figures on permanent exclusions from primary, secondary and special schools in England show that for 1996/97, 12 700 children were excluded. Among these, 12% were pupils permanently excluded from primary schools. When the present Labour Government came to…

Panayiotopoulos, Christos; Kerfoot, Michael

2007-01-01

102

Prospective Primary School Teachers' Misconceptions about States of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify prospective primary school teachers' misconceptions about the states of matter. The sample of the study was 227 fourth-year prospective primary school teachers in a Department of Primary Education in Turkey. Researcher asked from every participant to write a response to an open ended question about…

Tatar, Erdal

2011-01-01

103

Changing Teaching and Learning in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this topical book, leading academics in primary education evaluate New Labour's Education policy. They draw on the findings of the latest research to discuss the impact of policies on primary school practice and on the views and experiences of primary school teachers and pupils. Current issues and initiatives are analyzed to identify the extent…

Webb, Rosemary, Ed.

2006-01-01

104

Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on School Administration: Research on the Greek Schools of Secondary Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) may be considered as a synonym for the modernization of all organizations, including school units, as they provide for advanced and updated technological tools and applications. Nowadays, the implementation of new technologies in the schools of secondary education in Greece has been rapidly increasing. This adoption of ICT reinforces the teaching process, but also facilitates administrative transactions. The current research aims to determine the level of technological infrastructure present in the secondary schools of Greece, to what extent this equipment meets their administrative needs, to study the role of the school libraries in their contribution to the modernization of school administration, and to examine the conditions that influence the implementation of ICT in school management.

Saiti, Anna; Prokopiadou, Georgia

105

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Initiation of Smoking in Greek High-School Students  

PubMed Central

The smoking habits of 9,276 high-school students (15–18 years old) in six cities of Northern Greece were studied using a questionnaire in order to determine the prevalence and possible risk factors for initiation of smoking. We observed that 29.6% of high-school students (32.6% of boys and 26.7% of girls) were current smokers. A percentage of 43.3% had started smoking before the age of 14. Reactive behaviour towards parents’ and teachers’ advice (40.2%) and the existence of smoking friends (40.1%) were the main reasons of initiation. A well-planned integrated anti-smoking campaign is urgently required, especially among students and teachers. PMID:19440427

Sichletidis, Lazaros T.; Chloros, Diamantis A.; Tsiotsios, Anastasios I.; Spyratos, Dionisios G.

2009-01-01

106

Supervision Beliefs of Primary School Supervisors in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine and assess the beliefs of primary school supervisors on supervision. Data for the survey model were gathered using the "Supervision beliefs scale". In the present study, 300 primary school supervisors were contacted, using a random sampling method. According to the results obtained, it was seen that the…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat; Oguz, Ebru

2009-01-01

107

Career Development of Upper Primary School Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to determine the career development of upper primary school students in Turkey. The Revised Career Awareness Survey (RCAS) was completed by 644 Turkish upper primary school students. Results indicated that the students were able to associate their own personal characteristics with particular…

Nazli, Serap

2014-01-01

108

Prospective Primary School Teachers' Perceptions on Boiling and Freezing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of prospective primary school teachers on the physical state of water during the processes of boiling and freezing. There were three stages in the investigation: First, open-ended questions concerning the boiling and freezing of water were given to two groups of prospective primary school

Senocak, Erdal

2009-01-01

109

Recommendations to Improve Primary School Physical Education: Classroom Teachers' Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of physical education (PE) programs in primary schools has been questioned in the literature because of the difficulties that classroom teachers experience when teaching PE. The authors used a mixed-mode method to investigate teachers' insights into ways in which the quality of primary school PE can be improved. Questionnaire data were collected from 189 teachers in 38 randomly

Philip Morgan; Vibeke Hansen

2007-01-01

110

Attitudes to Making Art in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research suggests that the majority of primary school teachers in the UK believe that the purpose of teaching art and design is to develop skills associated with creativity, communication and expression. This article is based on research into the attitudes held by primary school pupils towards making art. The reflective nature of many of…

Watts, Robert

2005-01-01

111

Children as Researchers in Primary Schools: Choice, Voice and Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Children as Researchers in Primary Schools" is an innovative and unique resource for practitioners supporting children to become "real world" researchers in the primary classroom. It will supply you with the skills and ideas you need to implement a "children as researchers" framework in your school that can be adapted for different ages and…

Bucknall, Sue

2012-01-01

112

Inclusive Education: Proclamations or Reality (Primary School Teachers' View)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with 2 focal points of inclusive education, which is the integral segment of the current education reform in the Bosnia and Herzegovina: its position in various proclamations and in primary school teachers' reality, i.e., legislative aspects vs. everyday situation in primary schools. The survey research was carried out through the…

Slavica, Pavlovic

2010-01-01

113

Does height influence progression through primary school grades?  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo examine the relation between a child's height and grade progression in primary school.METHODSHeight was measured in a representative cross sectional sample of children from 24 primary schools in Victoria in late 1997. Height measurements were transformed to standardised scores using Cole's “LMS” method to allow for comparison across ages and genders. Children within each grade were divided into three

Melissa Wake; David Coghlan; Kylie Hesketh

2000-01-01

114

History Education in the Primary Schools of Lesotho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an overview of the chequered nature of history education in Lesotho primary schools. It highlights the nineteenth century missionary-led, humble beginnings and goals of formal education, which did not change much during almost a century of British colonial rule. The thrust of the study is that Lesotho primary schools currently teach…

Ntabeni, Mary N.

2010-01-01

115

Primary School Buildings in Asia: Administration, Facilities and Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary school buildings of the Asian Member States of UNESCO are evaluated in this study, which is in three parts--(1) a statement of the purposes and procedures of the study, with comments and recommendations relating to the primary school situation, (2) a detailed analysis of the replies to the questionnaire which was utilized, and (3) a…

Soriano, Domingo

116

Primary School Teacher Candidates' Geometric Habits of Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geometric habits of mind are productive ways of thinking that support learning and using geometric concepts. Identifying primary school teacher candidates' geometric habits of mind is important as they affect the development of their future students' geometric thinking. Therefore, this study attempts to determine primary school

Köse, Nilu¨fer Y.; Tanisli, Dilek

2014-01-01

117

Recommendations to Improve Primary School Physical Education: Classroom Teachers' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of physical education (PE) programs in primary schools has been questioned in the literature because of the difficulties that classroom teachers experience when teaching PE. The authors used a mixed-mode method to investigate teachers' insights into ways in which the quality of primary school PE can be improved. Questionnaire data were…

Morgan, Philip; Hansen, Vibeke

2007-01-01

118

Internet Safety: Issues For New Zealand Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet safety has not been well addressed in many New Zealand primary schools. Nor is it a simple matter to obtain information about this internet safety in primary schools. This paper outlines statistics with relevance to the problem, identifies issues that contribute to the problem and suggests possible solutions.

John Hope

119

Special Primary School Complex in the United Kingdom: Booker Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Booker Park School is a new complex for pre-primary children and primary pupils with a range of behavioural and learning difficulties. To respond to the pupils' varied needs, the school facilities offer a high degree of flexibility and a quality environment for learning.

Robinson, Mark

2008-01-01

120

Building capacity for teaching reading in a primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three course participants of Educational Development Project visited the selected school to initiate projects based on the needs of the school and gained experience of working in an authentic setting. This report describes one course participant's project Building Capacity for Teaching Reading in a Primary School. This report includes steps of implementation and course participant's reflections and analysis of the

Mahnaz Hassan Zuberi

2006-01-01

121

In Slovenia, Sostanj Primary School Collaborates with Its Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sostanj Primary School offers a learning process which can enrich traditional forms of schooling. It demonstrates how a school, including its infrastructure, can influence family life and the environment, creating new social patterns and a local identity. Pupils and teachers are involved in different thematic projects and programmes, together with…

Cercek, Emmanuel

2008-01-01

122

Motor imagery development in primary school children.  

PubMed

Motor imagery provides a unique window on the integrity of movement representation. How this ability unfolds during development remains unknown, however. It was the aim of this cross-sectional study to chart the development of movement imagery over childhood using validated measures, and to examine its relationship to movement skill. A sample of 58 children aged 7-12 years were recruited from Australian primary schools. Motor imagery ability was assessed using the Radial Pointing Task and a (mental) Hand Rotation Task, whereas visual (or object-related) imagery was measured on a Letter Rotation Task. Motor skill was assessed on the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND). Results showed clear age differences on all measures: motor skill, motor imagery, and visual imagery. The relationship between motor imagery and motor skill was shown to become stronger with age, whereas no relationship between visual imagery and motor skill was evident at any age. Taken together, these results show that motor imagery has a distinct developmental trajectory that is entwined with the development of movement skill in children. We argue that movement imagery reflects the unfolding of internal modeling processes providing the foundation for adaptive, goal-directed movements. PMID:19142769

Caeyenberghs, Karen; Tsoupas, Jenny; Wilson, Peter H; Smits-Engelsman, Bouwien C M

2009-01-01

123

Historical Digressions in Greek Geometry Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an attempt to combine the history of mathematics of ancient Greece with the course on theoretical geometry taught in Greek secondary schools. Three sections present the history of ancient Greek geometry, geometrical constructions using straightedges and compasses, and an application of Ptolemy's theorem in solving ancient astronomy…

Thomaidis, Yannis

1991-01-01

124

The Effects of Teacher Certification and Experience on Student Achievement on Primary School Examination in Belizean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has the largest portion of the national budget of 21% in Belize. Related studies in the region and around the world reveals that rural schools are not provided with highly qualified teachers. Likewise, multi-grade schools in the region and in Belize repeatedly perform lower on the Primary School Examination than their…

Lopez, Carmen Jane

2012-01-01

125

School Management Related Knowledge Levels of Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge levels of the teachers affect the qualifications of operations and transactions in schools. School management related knowledge of the teachers is an essential tool to reach the targets of the school. The objective of this study was to determine the school management related knowledge levels of the teachers. Qualitative and…

Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2013-01-01

126

The Contribution of the Characteristics of Schools Programmes to their Use in English Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at the contribution of the characteristics of schools television programmes to their use in English primary schools: what made the programmes a useful teaching and learning aid, and how such characteristics influenced children's reactions to and facilitated their learning from the programmes. A qualitative case?studies research into four English primary schools found that the popularity and usefulness

1999-01-01

127

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

128

A Qualitative Research of Students' Motivational Constructs in Greek Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achievement goal theory claims that mastery goals and, sometimes, performance approach goals in contrast to performance avoid goals, are linked with adaptive patterns of behavior, affect and cognition. In the self- determination theory, identified and intrinsic regulations are more autonomous regulations than the external or the introjected, in the continuum of the extrinsic motivation within the classroom. In order to

Aikaterini Michou

129

Main Factors of Job Satisfaction among Primary School Educators: Factor Analysis of the Greek Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job satisfaction is an important issue, but remains a complex one as it is difficult to measure. A wide range of factors such as the working environment, its manner of organisation, demography and individual circumstances, etc., can substantially affect the level of job satisfaction attained by individuals. Job satisfaction and the teaching…

Saiti, Anna

2007-01-01

130

The role of perceived well-being in the family, school and peer context in adolescents' subjective health complaints: evidence from a Greek cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background During adolescence children are usually confronted with an expanding social arena. Apart from families, schools and neighbourhoods, peers, classmates, teachers, and other adult figures gain increasing importance for adolescent socio-emotional adjustment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which Greek adolescents’ perceived well-being in three main social contexts (family, school and peers) predicted self-reported Subjective Health Complaints. Methods Questionnaires were administered to a Greek nation-wide, random, school-based sample of children aged 12–18 years in 2003. Data from 1.087 adolescents were analyzed. A hierarchical regression model with Subjective Health Complaints as the outcome variable was employed in order to i) control for the effects of previously well-established demographic factors (sex, age and subjective economic status) and ii) to identify the unique proportion of variance attributed to each context. Bivariate correlations and multicollinearity were also explored. Results As hypothesized, adolescents’ perceived well-being in each of the three social contexts appeared to hold unique proportions of variance in self-reported Subjective Health Complaints, after controlling for the effects of sex, age and subjective economic status. In addition, our final model confirmed that the explained variance in SHC was accumulated from each social context studied. The regression models were statistically significant and explained a total of approximately 24% of the variance in Subjective Health Complaints. Conclusions Our study delineated the unique and cumulative contributions of adolescents’ perceived well-being in the family, school and peer setting in the explanation of Subjective Health Complaints. Apart from families, schools, teachers and peers appear to have a salient role in adolescent psychosomatic adjustment. A thorough understanding of the relationship between adolescents’ Subjective Health Complaints and perceived well-being in their social contexts could not only lead to more effective tailored initiatives, but also to promote a multi- and inter-disciplinary culture in adolescent psychosomatic health. PMID:24283390

2013-01-01

131

Implementing school performance index (SPIn) in Malaysian primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the processes involved in implementing school performance index (SPIN) – a new key performance indicator – and the results of its application in Malaysian public schools. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of 76 Malaysian schools from five districts was selected randomly. The analytical procedures such as documentary analysis,

Radiah Othman; Fatimah Abd Rauf

2009-01-01

132

Sustaining School Improvement: Ten Primary Schools' Journeys. A Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the first report of a study of factors involved in sustainable school improvement in New Zealand. The study's purpose is to see whether there is a common understanding of "school improvement" in schools, and in the external agencies and organizations that support or frame their work. The report describes ten case studies…

Mitchell, Linda; Cameron, Marie; Wylie, Cathy

133

Using Soil Seed Banks for Ecological Education in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we developed an educational programme using soil seed banks to promote ecological literacy among primary school-aged children. The programme consisted of seven student activities, including sampling and setting soil seed banks around the school, watering, identifying seedlings, and making observations about the plants and their…

Ju, Eun Jeong; Kim, Jae Geun

2011-01-01

134

What Is the Future for Primary School History in England?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines teachers' attitudes to history and how they are currently organising history in their schools. In 2011 it is expected that a new Primary Curriculum will be introduced into English and Welsh schools which may change how history is approached and organised, as it is possible that most of the history taught will be organised in…

Temple, Sue

2010-01-01

135

School-Based Experiences: Developing Primary Science Preservice Teachers' Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews into teacher education emphasise the need for preservice teachers to have more school-based experiences. In this study, a school- based experience was organised within a nine-week science curriculum university unit that allowed preservice teachers' repeated experiences in teaching primary science. This research uses a survey, questionnaire…

Hudson, Peter

2010-01-01

136

Effective Primary Schools in Geographically Isolated Areas of Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies the major characteristics of "effective" primary schools in isolated areas in Vietnam. It suggests areas in which the implementation of beneficial changes can occur. Pupils in isolated areas of Vietnam are, in many respects, educationally disadvantaged. Usually, these pupils are in schools that have fewer educational…

Ikeda, Miyako

2010-01-01

137

Creativity and performativity policies in primary school cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultures of performativity in English primary schools refer to systems and relationships of: target?setting; Ofsted inspections; school league tables constructed from pupil test scores; performance management; performance related pay; threshold assessment; and advanced skills teachers. Systems which demand that teachers ‘perform’ and in which individuals are made accountable. These policy measures, introduced to improve levels of achievement and increased international

Geoff Troman; Bob Jeffrey; Andrea Raggl

2007-01-01

138

Musical Behaviours of Primary School Children in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this ethnographic study, the musical behaviours of 28 primary school children in Singapore were examined for their meaning and diversity as they engaged in the school day. A large part of these children's musical behaviours stemmed from their exposure to the mass media. Children's musical inventions emerged in the context of play, occasionally…

Lum, Chee-Hoo

2009-01-01

139

Creativity in Artistic Education: Introducing Artists into Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a more prominent role of arts education in the school curriculum, artistic creativity does not occur to a great extent in primary school practice. More opportunities for teachers to strengthen their know-how in the field of artistic creativity can therefore be considered important. Arts education projects focus on pupils' development of…

De Backer, Free; Lombaerts, Koen; De Mette, Tom; Buffel, Tine; Elias, Willem

2012-01-01

140

Primary School Literacy in Southern Africa: African Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review examines trends in recent scholarship concerning primary school literacy instruction in Southern Africa. Past scholarship, particularly that which originated from western researchers, focused on technical or structural issues facing literacy instruction in the region, such as language of instruction, school conditions,…

Perry, Kristen H.

2008-01-01

141

A Study of Identities of Asian Origin Primary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used qualitative approach to examine attitudes of British-born Asian primary school children regarding their cultural and personal identities. Found that the majority could not read or write in their mother-tongue, had no knowledge of their religion, and experienced racism at school and in the neighborhood. Although they described themselves as…

Ghuman, Paul A. S.

1997-01-01

142

National Induction Programme BeginningTeachers in Post Primary Schools  

E-print Network

National Induction Programme BeginningTeachers in Post Primary Schools An induction programme in the profession. Benefits of induction include an increased sense of professional confidence, the development of beginning teachers. It was developed by the National Pilot Project on Teacher Induction Team at the School

143

Motivation among Public Primary School Teachers in Mauritius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to critically analyse the factors that affect the motivation of public primary school teachers and also to investigate if there is any relationship between teacher motivation and job satisfaction in Mauritius. Design/methodology/approach: Simple random sampling method was used to collect data from 250 primary

Seebaluck, Ashley Keshwar; Seegum, Trisha Devi

2013-01-01

144

The Effect of Free Primary Education Policy on Late School Entry in Urban Primary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late school entry is driven by several factors, one of the key ones being the cost barrier to schooling. Policies such as free primary education (FPE) that advocate for universal coverage are therefore partly aimed at removing the cost barrier. The Kenyan Government, like many in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), introduced FPE in 2003 with the aim of…

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Mutisya, Maurice

2013-01-01

145

Computer-Based Learning in a Primary School: Differences between the Early and Later Years of Primary Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been increasing expectations that all primary school students and teachers actively use information and communications technologies (ICT) in their learning. In order to achieve this it is important that appropriate environments are set up to support the varying needs and potential of the different groups within the school context.…

Dwyer, Joanne

2007-01-01

146

Positioning the School in the Landscape: Exploring Black History with a Regional Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with a project establishing an Indigenous Australian artists-in-residence program at a regional Australian primary school to foreground its Black History. Primary school students worked with Indigenous Australian story tellers, artists, dancers and musicians to explore ways in which they could examine print and non-print texts for…

Zeegers, Margaret

2011-01-01

147

Trigger Happy: The Troubling Trend of Primary School Closures in Glasgow City Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the continuing trend of school closures in Glasgow, Scotland. Particular attention will be paid to Stonedyke Primary School, which Glasgow City Council was proposing to close at the time of this research. Current statistical data and research is used to better examine the current crisis Stonedyke Primary faces. Furthermore,…

Koch, Joshua F.

2010-01-01

148

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

149

School-Based Primary School Sexuality Education for Migrant Children in Beijing, China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2007, Beijing Normal University launched a programme of school-based sexuality education for migrant children in Xingzhi Primary School in Beijing. Over the past seven years, the project team has developed a school-based sexuality education curriculum using the "International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education" published by…

Liu, Wenli; Su, Yufen

2014-01-01

150

Changing English Primary Schools? A Cautionary Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Great Britain's 1988 Education Reform Act demonstrates the prevailing political climate's commitment to market forces and competition as a means of increasing educational productivity. This paper presents findings of the Primary Assessment Curriculum and Experience (PACE) project, which investigated the effects of the policy change on English…

Pollard, Andrew; And Others

151

Greek Atomic Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on history of physics, which began about 600 B.C. with the Ionian Greeks and reaching full development within three centuries, suggests that the creation of the concept of the atom is understandable within the context of Greek physical theory; so is the rejection of the atomic theory by the Greek physicists. (Author/SK)

Roller, Duane H. D.

1981-01-01

152

Primary School Teachers' Understanding of Environmental Issues: An Interview Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses in-depth interviews to explore the understanding of a non-random sample of 12 practicing primary school teachers in four areas: (1) biodiversity; (2) the carbon cycle; (3) ozone; and (4) global warming. Identifies those underpinning science concepts that were well understood, and those which were not so well understood. (Author/SAH)

Summers, Mike; Kruger, Colin; Childs, Ann; Mant, Jenny

2000-01-01

153

Kinematic Measures of Imitation Fidelity in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We sought to develop a method for measuring imitation accuracy objectively in primary school children. Children imitated a model drawing shapes on the same computer-tablet interface they saw used in video clips, allowing kinematics of model and observers' actions to be directly compared. Imitation accuracy was reported as a correlation…

Williams, Justin H. G.; Casey, Jackie M.; Braadbaart, Lieke; Culmer, Peter R.; Mon-Williams, Mark

2014-01-01

154

Screening of Vision and Hearing in Primary School Children  

PubMed Central

Background: Hearing and sight are two basic senses in terms of education and profession. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 15 million children worldwide suffer from uncorrected refractive disorders and another 275 million people are handicapped due to compromised hearing. In Indonesia, screening primary school children for hearing and vision is not part of the free public health-care system. Knowledge of the status of a child's hearing and vision may help secure the child's education and future profession. Materials and Methods: In five primary schools in a poor urban neighborhood in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, we screened pupils from class 1 to 6, for vision and hearing handicaps, following the WHO's definitions of handicap. On location in the primary schools, we screened vision using a Snellen chart and hearing using distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). Those with vision below 6/18 were referred to an ophthalmologist and pupils with hearing below 30 decibels at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kilohertz were referred to an ear nose and throat (ENT) specialist for final testing. Results: Totally, 775 pupils were vision screened and 777 pupils were hearing screened. We found that 2% were disabled by sight and 6% by hearing. Conclusion: Lost without proper education, these pupils can, with simple recommendations, have access to education. We recommend that Indonesia start screening its primary school pupils for hearing and vision to secure the country's future productivity and socioeconomic development. PMID:24479018

Boesen, Martin Lehmann; Lykke, Kirsten

2012-01-01

155

The Self-Perceptions of Bullies in Cyprus Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying is a matter of significant concern in the Cypriot educational setting. Teachers usually report their difficulties in understanding bullies and their anxiety to find effective ways to deal with them. This project investigated the self-concepts of a sample of nine boys identified as bullies at the end of primary schooling in Nicosia,…

Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

2008-01-01

156

Parents' Views of Composite Classes in an Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of children in a large primary school in New South Wales were asked questions related to their attitudes towards and beliefs about composite (multigrade) classes. Parental concerns about composite classes are commonly reported as negative and this study confirmed this concern. Issues identified as causing concern for parents were a belief…

Cornish, Linley

2006-01-01

157

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

158

Teacher Appraisal and Its Outcomes in Singapore Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the attributes of the performance appraisal system used for primary school teachers in Singapore, and how those attributes affect satisfaction with the appraisal system, stress experienced with the appraisal system, attitudes towards performance bonus, job satisfaction and motivation, and perceived…

Kelly, Khim Ong; Ang, Shi Yun Angela; Chong, Wei Ling; Hu, Wei Sheng

2008-01-01

159

Perceived Social Skills and Irrational Beliefs in Primary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the relationships between perceived social skills and irrational beliefs (total score, demand for success, demand for comfort) in the 6th and 7th grade students were examined. The participants in the current study included 344 students from three primary schools in Denizli, Turkey. Data were collected by using Social Skills Scale-Student Version and Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents.

160

Circle Time for Social and Emotional Learning in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings and implications of a semi-randomised control trial study on the effectiveness of circle time (CT) on primary school students' social and emotional learning, as well as classroom teachers' and students' experience of CT. A social and emotional learning programme was delivered through CT by trained…

Cefai, Carmel; Ferrario, Erika; Cavioni, Valeria; Carter, Audrey; Grech, Tracy

2014-01-01

161

Enhancing Practicing Primary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the frameworks and cognitive tools that have been developed to enhance practising teachers' pedagogical content knowledge in primary school technology education. The frameworks evolved from our research that firstly examined existing teaching practices, secondly enhanced formative interactions and thirdly enhanced summative…

Jones, Alister; Moreland, Judy

2004-01-01

162

Teacher Views on Social Skills Development in Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research is to survey the views of teachers regarding social skills development in primary school students. The research was carried out using the qualitative research technique. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher was used to collect data. The results show that there are four main factors that play an important role…

Samanci, Osman

2010-01-01

163

The Primary School Curriculum in a Colonial Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of primary school curriculum in Guyana, a former British colony, points out social determinates of curriculum. Ruling groups emphasized agriculture and manual arts in public education to maintain class distinctions while the masses fought for academic education as a key to financial and social success. (JH)

Bacus, M. Kazim

1974-01-01

164

The Urban Primary School. Education in an Urbanised Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers an in-depth understanding of the unique challenges and contributions of urban primary schools. The authors set urban education in the wider social context of structural disadvantage, poverty, oppression and exclusion, and reassert some critical urban educational concerns. Recognizing that practice needs to be informed by theory,…

Maguire, Meg; Wooldridge, Tim; Pratt-Adams, Simon

2006-01-01

165

Creating Confident, Motivated Teachers of Physical Education in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the impact of a nationwide one-year physical education (PE) professional development (PD) programme on 25 generalist classroom teachers from 10 primary schools in New Zealand. This research specifically explores how a year-long PD programme, focused predominantly on general pedagogical strategies, supported in-service…

Petrie, Kirsten

2010-01-01

166

Day/Night Cycle: Mental Models of Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the mental models of primary school children related to the day/night cycle. Semi-structure interviews were conducted with 40 fourth-grade and 40 sixth-grade children. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data indicated that the majority of the children were classified as having geocentric models. The results also…

Chiras, Andreas

2008-01-01

167

Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the English language situation at primary school level in Vietnam from a language planning perspective. It examines language policy for foreign language teaching in Vietnam to provide a picture of the role of English in foreign language education. It analyses language-in-education policy, curriculum and teaching materials, and…

Hoa, Nguyen Thi Mai; Tuan, Nguyen Quoc

2007-01-01

168

Designing by Decorating: The Use of Pictures in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper concerns the concept of information use. The aim of the study is to understand how information use, as an activity, is shaped when project-based methods are used in primary school. The particular focus here is information use which involves visual information resources. It relates to the overarching aim of a set of studies…

Lundh, Anna; Limberg, Louise

2012-01-01

169

Skills for Primary Schools: Movement and Co-Ordination Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we describe a small-scale project which focused on providing evidence-based resources for teachers and initial teacher training (ITT) students to support the movement and co-ordination development of primary-aged pupils in mainstream classrooms, thus building capacity in schools. The project developed a suite of resources which…

Hutton, Eve; Soan, Sue

2010-01-01

170

An Integrative Review of Teaching Reading in Kenyan Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published…

Commeyras, Michelle; Inyega, Hellen N.

2007-01-01

171

Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

2009-01-01

172

Primary Headteachers: New Leadership Roles inside and outside the School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers some of the findings of research undertaken for a PhD into the changing educational agenda and its impact on the role of primary headteachers in England. During the course of the study from 2005-2009, as a result of government policy new roles for headteachers both inside and outside their school increasingly emerged. The…

Robinson, Susan

2011-01-01

173

Compulsory "Foreign Language Activities" in Japanese Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2011, the new curriculum for introducing English to Japanese primary schools will be fully implemented in the form of "foreign language activities". This innovation forms part of the government's plan to cultivate "Japanese with English abilities", a development based on the awareness, particularly in the business sector, that equipping…

Hashimoto, Kayoko

2011-01-01

174

Gender Differences in Teachers' Preferences for Primary School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the leadership styles preferred by a sample of Northern Ireland primary teachers asked to fashion their "ideal" head. Teachers want male and female head teachers to behave differently; men should be directive and women, facilitative. These differentials have implications for school climate in general and women administrators in…

Johnston, John

1986-01-01

175

School Bullying among Hong Kong Chinese Primary Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first comprehensive survey of 7,025 Chinese primary schoolchildren found that 24% of respondents reported that they had sometimes physically bullied another child. When children observed school bullying, 56% said they immediately reported it to their teachers. Another 20% tried to stop the bullying by approaching the bullies. The study also…

Wong, Dennis S. W.; Lok, David P. P.; Lo, T. Wing; Ma, Stephen K.

2008-01-01

176

Math Anxiety and Math Ability in Early Primary School Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) are often associated with math anxiety, yet until now, very little is known about the causal relations between calculation ability and math anxiety during early primary school years. The main aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the relationship between calculation ability, self-reported…

Krinzinger, Helga; Kaufmann, Liane; Willmes, Klaus

2009-01-01

177

Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

178

Attitudes of Prospective Primary School Teachers toward Gender Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine attitudes of prospective primary school teachers toward gender equity. The specific objectives were: (1) to find out their attitudes toward gender equity, that is, whether they were positive or negative; and (2) to compare the attitudes in terms of the following independent variables: gender, age, grade, type…

Aksu, Mualla Bilgin

2005-01-01

179

Primary Principals' Leadership Styles, School Organizational Health and Workplace Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying. Design/methodology/approach: Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used--a multi-level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2011-01-01

180

Mind Games, Reasoning Skills, and the Primary School Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a pilot research project aimed at helping to develop some strategic and reasoning abilities in primary school pupils by engaging them in educational itineraries based on the use of a number of computer mind games. The paper briefly describes the project's aims and organization, the kind of games used and the working…

Bottino, Rosa Maria; Ott, Michela

2006-01-01

181

Total Quality Management Practices in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of total quality management (TQM) practices in primary schools based on teachers' perceptions, and how their perceptions are related to different variables. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, a survey based descriptive scanning model was used. This study was carried out in…

Toremen, Fatih; Karakus, Mehmet; Yasan, Tezcan

2009-01-01

182

Mind games, reasoning skills, and the primary school curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a pilot research project aimed at helping to develop some strategic and reasoning abilities in primary school pupils by engaging them in educational itineraries based on the use of a number of computer mind games. The paper briefly describes the project’s aims and organization, the kind of games used and the working methodology adopted. It then

Rosa Maria Bottino; Michela Ott

2006-01-01

183

Educational software to enhance English language teaching in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in primary schools allowed to exploit the potential of these technologies as a means of assisting students in their learning process. Nowadays, with the use of ICT, the student is becoming aware of the processes and strategies that use. The present work has the main purpose to improve the teaching\\/learning process. Thus,

Rosa Reis; Paula Escudeiro

2011-01-01

184

Equality of Educational Opportunities at Public Primary Schools in Argentina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the degree of equality of educational opportunities across Argentina's public primary schools. The main finding is that there are inequalities between jurisdictions, but even greater inequalities within them, suggesting the existence of serious problems in the distribution of resources at the sub-national level. Following…

Adrogue, Cecilia

2013-01-01

185

Development of a Reflective Teaching Approach in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the approach taken in one primary school to introduce a reflective teaching approach, following an OFSTED inspection. By considering the development of reflective teaching and learning, the development of a working mode and the types of skills needed in order to teach in a reflective manner, it reports on the outcomes from the…

Huntley, Ray

2005-01-01

186

Creative Primary Schools: Developing and Maintaining Pedagogy for Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This micro-ethnographic study investigated pedagogy in two English primary schools, following a change of government and challenges posed by economic austerity. Unlike the previous decade's emphasis on children's curiosity and agency and valuing arts and partnership, emphasis on knowledge and attainment was now foregrounded. A two-stage…

Craft, Anna; Cremin, Teresa; Hay, Penny; Clack, James

2014-01-01

187

Organizational Communication and Job Satisfaction in Australian Catholic Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job satisfaction has been associated with a variety of behaviours relating to communication. However, very little research has been conducted in primary schools encompassing job satisfaction and a range of communication variables. This study investigated the relationships between aspects of organizational communication and facets of job…

De Nobile, John J.; McCormick, John

2008-01-01

188

The Effect of Social Skills Interventions in the Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social inclusion is currently a priority issue for all in education. Brent Educational Psychology Service implemented two social skills training interventions to promote social inclusion in six primary schools. Educational psychologists in training carried out an independent evaluation of these interventions. Analysis of quantitative and qualitative data showed positive effects of intervention on social skills and social inclusion. The effects

Alexa Denham; Sarah Hatfield; Nicola Smethurst; Elizabeth Tan; Craig Tribe

2006-01-01

189

The Effect of Social Skills Interventions in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social inclusion is currently a priority issue for all in education. Brent Educational Psychology Service implemented two social skills training interventions to promote social inclusion in six primary schools. Educational psychologists in training carried out an independent evaluation of these interventions. Analysis of quantitative and…

Denham, Alexa; Hatfield, Sarah; Smethurst, Nicola; Tan, Elizabeth; Tribe, Craig

2006-01-01

190

Preserving the value of happiness in primary school physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against a background of growing concern over whether the National Curriculum for Physical Education (NCPE) in England is being delivered effectively in primary schools, this paper examines philosophically those intrinsic values which lie at the heart of physical education and should be preserved. The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic values is explained and it is argued that the primacy of

Lesley J. M. Wright

2004-01-01

191

How confident are primary school teachers in teaching science?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent national Discipline Review of Teacher Education in Mathematics and Science outlines the lack of confidence of many preservice primary school teachers in teaching science. This study explores the attitudes of 170 primary school teachers in a Perth school district. By means of a simple questionnaire the perceptions and attitudes of these teachers about the following aspects have been examined: (1) background understanding of science; (2) preservice training; (3) interest in teaching science; (4) skill in teaching science; (5) confidence in the plant, animal, matter, energy areas, and (6) time spent teaching science. Besides compiling frequency responses for all teachers on these aspects comparisons have also been made on the basis of: (1) gender; (2) time of graduation, and (3) grade level taught.

Yates, Stephen; Goodrum, Denis

1990-01-01

192

1 Access at the University of St Andrews 2 Aspire Working with Primary Schools  

E-print Network

with Primary Schools 6 First Chances ­ Working with Secondary Schools 10 STAR ­ Students Through Alternative by the University of St Andrews. Access at the University of St Andrews 1 #12;Aspire Working with Primary Schools Working closely with primary schools has enabled us to foster strong links with local communities

Brierley, Andrew

193

The Role of Pre-School Education on Learning Achievement at Primary Level in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of pre-school education on learning achievement at primary level in Bangladesh. Evidence from learning achievement test and household and school-related data were obtained from 7093 pupils attending 440 primary schools in Bangladesh. Findings suggest that a small proportion (15.3%) of primary school pupils attended…

Nath, Samir Ranjan

2012-01-01

194

We love our school toilets: involving primary school students in improving their school toilets.  

PubMed

This article reports on the planning, implementation and evaluation of an intervention to improve school students' experience of using the school toilet in a primary school in Melbourne, Australia. 20 students from grades 2-6 participated in focus groups, to discuss what they valued about the school and raise awareness of issues they were not happy about. A common theme from all of the focus groups was that students reported avoiding use of the school toilets. Using the ideas generated from the focus groups, the student council (with input from staff), developed a self-administered pre- and post-test questionnaire. This was given to 220 students in grades 1-4, aged 6-10 years. Improvements suggested by the students were made to the toilet block, and then a post-test was administered. Independent t tests were conducted. The pre-test indicated that 71% of girls and 65% of boys feared the behaviour of other students in the toilet. Overwhelmingly, the qualitative comments focused on poor student behaviour in the toilets, with lack of privacy due to student misbehaviour mentioned in 90% of the comments. After the toilets were revamped, the greatest gains were made in students' attitudes toward the toilets, with a 37% increase in students who indicated they now liked the toilet facility. Incidents of vandalism also decreased; however, student misconduct in the toilets was still regarded as a problem. Involving students in refurbishing their toilets improved how students viewed the toilets and reduced vandalism; however, a different intervention is required to change inappropriate behaviours in the toilet. PMID:24449799

Senior, Elizabeth

2014-03-01

195

Engaging with Schools and Increasing Primary School Students' Interest in Science: An Intersectoral Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an initiative called "Scientists in Schools" which was implemented with a group of seventy (n=70) Year 4 and Year 7 students studying in a local school in regional South Australia with the primary objective of raising awareness and interest in the study of sciences. Mezirow's critical reflection was used by the teacher and…

Willsher, Kerre; Penman, Joy

2011-01-01

196

Teacher Leadership and School Effectiveness in the Primary Schools of Maldives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to study the impact of teacher leadership on the school effectiveness. A total of 181 teachers from six primary schools in Male (the capital island of Maldives) were chosen as respondents for this study. A quantitative survey method using questionnaire to obtain the data is employed. The findings showed there is a…

Ngang, Tang Keow; Abdulla, Zaheena; Mey, See Ching

2010-01-01

197

School Governors and the Religious Ethos of C of E Voluntary Aided Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charts attitudes of the first generation of governors appointed to the Church of England voluntary aided primary schools in the Chichester (England) diocese, following the new Instruments of Government implemented in 1985. The foundation governors remain highly committed to maintaining a distinctive church-related ethos in these schools. (60…

Francis, Leslie J.; Stone, Ernest A.

1995-01-01

198

Does a Socio-Ecological School Model Promote Resilience in Primary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This research investigates the extent to which the holistic, multistrategy "health-promoting school" (HPS) model using a resilience intervention can lead to improved resilience among students. Methods: A quasi-experimental design using a study cohort selected from 20 primary schools in Queensland, Australia was employed. Ten…

Lee, Patricia C.; Stewart, Donald E.

2013-01-01

199

Quality of food eaten in English primary schools: school dinners vs packed lunches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To compare the food and nutrient intakes of primary school children eating school dinners and packed lunches.Subjects:Six-hundred and twenty-one 7-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children in South West England.Methods:Diet was assessed by 3-day unweighed food record.Results:The composition of both types of school meals compared unfavourably with dietary guidelines. Intakes of energy, non-starch polysaccharides (NSP),

I S Rogers; A R Ness; K Hebditch; L R Jones; P M Emmett

2007-01-01

200

Promoting and Building Resilience in Primary School Communities: Evidence from a Comprehensive ‘Health Promoting School’ Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first phase of a multi-strategy health promotion project which uses a whole-school approach to promote resilience in children of primary school age in school, family and community settings in urban and rural\\/remote locations in Queensland, Australia. The study population comprised students from Years 3, 5, and 7 (ages 8, 10, 12 years), their parents\\/care-givers and

Donald Stewart; Jing Sun; Carla Patterson; Kate Lemerle; Michael Hardie

2004-01-01

201

Prevalence of Primary Tethered Cord Syndrome Associated with Occult Spinal Dysraphism in Primary School Children in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence and associated factors of primary tethered cord syndrome (PTCS) in primary school children were investigated. A cross-sectional study was performed in four demographically different primary schools in Turkey. Demographic, familial and physical data were collected from 5,499 children based on enuresis as a predominant symptom and dermatologic and orthopedic signs as clues of occult spinal dysraphism. Statistical analysis

Gulsah Bademci; Meral Saygun; Funda Batay; Aytul Cakmak; Halil Basar; Huseyin Anbarci; Birsen Unal

2006-01-01

202

Do Learning Difficulties Differentiate Elementary Teachers' Attributional Patterns for Students' Academic Failure? A Comparison between Greek Regular and Special Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to (a) investigate whether the presence of learning difficulties (LD) in primary school children differentiates Greek teachers' attributional patterns, emotional responses, expectations and evaluative feedback for the children's academic failures and (b) to examine possible differences between regular and special…

Vlachou, Anastasia; Eleftheriadou, Dimitra; Metallidou, Panayiota

2014-01-01

203

New Horizons for Primary Schools in Jamaica: Inputs, Outcomes and Impact. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Horizons for Primary Schools (NHP) was implemented in 72 government schools in Jamaica, from 1998-2005. The program provided support to schools on the basis of needs identified through the preparation of a School Development Plan (also called a School Improvement Plan). This independent evaluation report first compares the schools in the…

Lockheed, Marlaine; Harris, Abigail; Gammill, Paul; Barrow, Karima; Jayasundera, Tamara

2006-01-01

204

Outdoor and indoor UFP in primary schools across Barcelona.  

PubMed

Indoor and outdoor measurements of real-time ultrafine particles (UFP; N10-700 in this study) number concentration and average diameter were collected twice at 39 primary schools located in Barcelona (Spain), with classrooms naturally ventilated under warm weather conditions. Simultaneous outdoor N concentration measurements at schools under different traffic exposures showed the important role of this source, with higher levels by 40% on average at schools near heavy traffic, highlighting thus the increased exposure of children due to urban planning decisions. A well-defined spatial pattern of outdoor UFP levels was observed. Midday increases in outdoor N levels mainly attributed to nucleation processes have been recorded both at high and low temperatures in several of the outdoor school sites (increasing levels by 15%-70%). The variation of these increases also followed a characteristic spatial pattern, pointing at schools' location as a key variable in terms of UFP load owing to the important contribution of traffic emissions. Indoor N concentrations were to some extent explained by outdoor N concentrations during school hours, together with average temperatures, related with natural ventilation. Outdoor midday increases were generally mimicked by indoor N concentrations, especially under warm temperatures. At specific cases, indoor concentrations during midday were 30%-40% higher than outdoor. The time scale of these observations evidenced the possible role of: a) secondary particle formation enhanced by indoor precursors or conditions, maybe related with surface chemistry reactions mediated by O3, and/or b) UFP from cooking activities. Significant indoor N increases were detected after school hours, probably associated with cleaning activities, resulting in indoor N concentrations up to 3 times higher than those in outdoor. A wide variability of indoor/outdoor ratios of N concentrations and mean UFP sizes was detected among schools and measurement periods, which seems to be partly associated with climatic conditions and O3 levels, although further research is required. PMID:25003584

Reche, C; Viana, M; Rivas, I; Bouso, L; Àlvarez-Pedrerol, M; Alastuey, A; Sunyer, J; Querol, X

2014-09-15

205

Evaluation of a technology unit in a girls' primary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid advances in technology are changing the structure of the workforce. There are elite highly-paid hi-tech occupations and low status poorly-paid jobs. Women are unfortunately more likely to be found in the latter category. To allow them to qualify and compete for the higher-status positions, girls need to participate in the physical sciences and in technology studies. However, they are rarely attracted to them in secondary school, possibly because they are already alienated from them by the time they leave primary school. This paper reports some of the outcomes of a curriculum unit taught in two primary school classes in an independent school for girls. The unit was cross-curricular, involving technology, science and other fields of knowledge; it made extensive use of LEGO Technic materials. The evaluation of the unit, based on observations, a teacher journal and pupil questionnaires, focussed upon the issue of whether it assisted the girls to feel happier about working with unfamiliar technology and feel more capable of doing so. Implications for teaching technology are also discussed.

Eke, Marion; Gardner, Paul L.

1991-12-01

206

SEN Students' Inclusion in Greece: Factors Influencing Greek Teachers' Stance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study, based on recent research in secondary education schools in Greece, aimed at recording Greek teachers' attitudes towards inclusion and determining the factors that enhance positive attitudes or negative ones. The findings of this research confirm that Greek teachers, despite obvious infrastructural and institutional hindrances,…

Koutrouba, Konstantina; Vamvakari, Malvina; Theodoropoulos, Helen

2008-01-01

207

Turkish Pre-Service Primary School Teachers' Environmental Attitudes: Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish pre-service primary school teachers' attitudes towards environment. Besides, it aimed to investigate how pre-service primary school teachers' environmental attitudes change with grade level and gender. A total of 2067 pre-service teachers attending to primary school education departments of nine…

Ozsoy, Sibel; Ozsoy, Gokhan; Kuruyer, Hayriye Gul

2011-01-01

208

Student Reflections of Sport Education in One Urban Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a Sport Education pilot project as a case study of the approach in a primary school setting. The data was obtained from the end of unit written reflections of a class of upper primary students in an urban Australian primary school. The Sport Education unit of work was implemented by the school's physical education teacher who…

Pill, Shane

2010-01-01

209

Crossing the humpback bridge: primary–secondary school transition in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year later following a full year in

Nigel A. Marshall; David J. Hargreaves

2007-01-01

210

Primary School Councils: Organization, Composition and Head Teacher Perceptions and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School councils have been an integral part of primary school life for the last decade and, despite not being mandatory in England, they are now to be found in the vast majority of primary schools. This research article aims to examine the current position of school councils in terms of their organization, the issues they address and the views held…

Burnitt, Michael; Gunter, Helen

2013-01-01

211

The Influence of Closing Poor Performing Primary Schools on the Educational Attainment of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether the closure of poor performing primary schools improved students' educational attainment. It is believed that school closure affects children's educational outcomes positively because children switch to better primary schools. At the same time, school closure creates a social disturbance such that educational…

De Witte, Kristof; Van Klaveren, Chris

2014-01-01

212

Greek Mythology for Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will explore the different characters based on Greek mythology, its origins and participate in activities to reinforce these ideas. Let\\'s explore the Greek Alphabet javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Greek alphabet\\') Using the above link, try to spell your name. Take a trip to the First Olympics javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Explore the First Olympics.\\'); How are the Greek Gods related? javascript:insertAtCursor(document.fr_author2.projectBody,\\'Family Tree of the Gods\\'); ...

Valdez, Ms.

2008-11-17

213

Capacity building for school improvement: a case study of a New Zealand primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capacity building is now mentioned synonymously with school improvement in much of the literature with an absence of debate\\u000a on the implications of political, social and economic trends. This article explores capacity building in one low decile, multicultural,\\u000a New Zealand primary school. The research, positioned within an interpretivist paradigm, utilises a case study and grounded\\u000a theory approach to explore four

Patricia Martha Stringer

2009-01-01

214

Bullying and victimization of primary school children in England and Germany: Prevalence and school factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in deé nitions and methodologies for assessing bullying in primary school children between countries have precluded direct comparisons of prevalence rates and school factors related to bullying. A total of 2377 children in England (6-year-olds\\/Year 2: 1072; 8-year-olds\\/Year 4: 1305) and 1538 in Germany (8-year-olds\\/Year 2) were questioned individually using an identical standard interview. In both countries the types

Dieter Wolke; Sarah Woods; Katherine Stanford; Henrike Schulz

2001-01-01

215

The Emotional Readiness of Greek Cypriot Teachers for Peaceful Co-Existence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we: (1) offer a conceptualisation of what it means for Greek Cypriot teachers to be "reconciled" with the "other side" (i.e. Turkish Cypriots) in Cyprus; (2) examine Greek Cypriot teachers' emotional responses to the new educational objective of cultivating peaceful coexistence in schools; and (3) investigate how Greek Cypriot…

Zembylas, Michalinos; Kendeou, Panayiota; Michaelidou, Athina

2011-01-01

216

Nutrition-related habits of Greek adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate nutrition-related habits of Greek school-aged adolescents.Design: Epidemiological survey.Setting and subjects: The study was part of the Health Behavior in School Aged Children (HBSC) survey. A representative sample of school-aged adolescents aged 11.5, 13.5, and 15.5 y was obtained. The final sample consisted of 4211 students (51.6% girls and 48.4% boys). They were asked to complete a translated

M Yannakoulia; D Karayiannis; M Terzidou; A Kokkevi; L S Sidossis

2004-01-01

217

When Reform Hits Reality: The Bottleneck Effect in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of analysis and research into primary education in general, and primary school leadership in particular, has left primary practitioners exposed like never before to the vagaries of policy-makers and unpredictable contextual pressures. The purpose of this article is to initiate discussion on the state of primary school leadership in Hong…

Cheng, Yin Chong; Walker, Allan

2008-01-01

218

Clustering of food and activity preferences in primary school children.  

PubMed

This study examined clustering of food and activity preferences in Dutch primary school children. It also explored whether the preference clusters are associated with child and parental background characteristics and with parenting practices. Data were used from 1480 parent-child dyads participating in the IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohort (INPACT). Children aged 8-11years reported their preferences for food (e.g. fruit and sweet snacks) and activities (e.g. biking and watching television) at school with a newly-developed, visual instrument designed for primary school children. Parents completed a questionnaire at home. Principal component analysis was used to identify preference clusters. Backward regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between child and parental characteristics with cluster scores. We found (1) a clustering of preferences for unhealthy foods and unhealthy drinks, (2) a clustering of preferences for various physical activity behaviours, and (3) a clustering of preferences for unhealthy drinks and sedentary behaviour. Boys had a higher cluster score than girls on all three preference clusters. In addition, physical activity-related parenting practices were negatively related to unhealthy preference clusters and positively to the physical-activity-preference cluster. The next step is to relate our preference clusters to child dietary and activity behaviours, with special attention to gender differences. This may help in the development of interventions aimed at improving children's food and activity preferences. PMID:23085278

Rodenburg, Gerda; Oenema, Anke; Pasma, Marleen; Kremers, Stef P J; van de Mheen, Dike

2013-01-01

219

Intercultural Communication in the Malaysian Vision Schools: Implications for the Management and Leadership in a Multicultural Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses intercultural communication in Vision Schools in Malaysia. It also elaborates the extent to which the Vision Schools foster racial interaction across the three major ethnic groups: Malays, Chinese, and Indians. A total of 887 primary school students were surveyed across the Vision Schools. It was found that the intercultural…

Othman, Azam; Ruslan, Norbaiduri; Ahmad, Ismail Sheikh

2012-01-01

220

Factors associated with pupil toilet use in kenyan primary schools.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C

2014-09-01

221

Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

2014-01-01

222

Primary School Children Excluded from School: Numbers, Characteristics, Reasons and Circumstances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a national questionnaire, 3 case studies of Local Educational Authorities (LEAs), and additional case studies of 38 children, this national study examined primary school exclusion. This document focuses on national level data. Findings included that: (1) other metropolitan LEAs had about twice the number of exclusions as London and as…

Hayden, Carol; Lawrence, Brenda

223

Spoken Language Development in Pre-School and Primary School Aged Children. Selected Papers Number 38.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aspects of the spoken language development of the preschool and primary school child are briefly covered, with specific attention given to receptive and expressive language, semantics, syntax, memory, articulation, pragmatics, and metalanguage. Developmental norms are indicated in the areas of vocabulary development, sentence structure…

Wight-Boycott, Noel

224

A Pilot School Health Survey to Study the Incidence of Common Disorders in Primary School Children and the Role of Teachers in the School Health Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A pilot school health survey was carried out in six schools in Gombak District, Selangor. Schools were stratified into urban and rural and then into Chinese, Tamil and National type schools and primary school children were selected by systematic random sampling. Selected students were subjected to a general health appraisal including vision and hearing tests by teachers, nurses and

Jalan Pahang

225

Primary School Teachers' Inspection in Turkey: Primary School Teachers' Expectations about Inspectors' Guidance Roles and the Realisation Level of These Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to point out primary school teachers' expectations about inspectors' guidance roles and the realisation level of these expectations. The data used in this research that will be done in descriptive scanning model is collected from the views of primary school teachers selected randomly from Balikesir, Batman and Hatay.…

Polat, Soner; Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar

2008-01-01

226

Differences in Physical Activity Levels between Urban and Rural School Children in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to examine differences in physical activity levels between urban and rural primary school children. The sample consisted of 256 Greek-Cypriot children and their parents from two schools representing urban areas and three schools representing rural areas. Children's activity levels were assessed for 4 weekdays in the winter and…

Loucaides, Constantinos A.; Chedzoy, Sue M.; Bennett, Neville

2004-01-01

227

The Effects of the Primary Movement Programme on the Academic Performance of Children Attending Ordinary Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the prevalence of a primary reflex (the Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex) in children attending ordinary primary school and how this related to attainments in a number of academic areas. The effectiveness of a specific movement intervention programme in reducing primary reflex persistence and improving academic…

Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne

2005-01-01

228

Investigation of Stress Symptoms among Primary School Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Experience of chronic stress in children plays an important role in enhancing future physical, mental and social problems. It is very essential and vital that families, teachers and professional groups possess necessary abilities to diagnose stress symptoms in children. According to the statistics of Education Ministry, there were almost 5.5 million primary school students in Iran in 2008-2009. However, there are very limited studies about stress in 7 to 12-year-old children. The present study aimed to review stress symptoms in school-aged children. Methods: In a descriptive study, 839 third to fifth grade students were selected from five randomly chosen districts of Tabriz using random sampling method in the schools. The data were collected by means of children’s stress symptom scale (CSSS) through interviewing by children. Accuracy of translation was checked and content validity and reliability were confirmed using test retest method. Results: The entire twenty-six items of the questionnaire were reported as stress symptoms. More than half of the study subjects reported worry, fast heart beating, being afraid, chills and feeling sad as their signs of stress. Headache (46.6%) and tiredness (41.8%) were also reported. In examining every stress symptoms, there was a statistically significant correlation between some symptoms with age, grade and type of school. Conclusion: Children showed a wide range of symptoms in facing with stressful events. Accurate identification of symptoms can inform parents, teachers and professional health staff about physical and mental status of school-aged children and result in interventions to reduce their stress.

Valizadeh, Leila; Farnam, Aliraza; Rahkar Farshi, Mahni

2012-01-01

229

Recognizing internet addiction: prevalence and relationship to academic achievement in adolescents enrolled in urban and rural Greek high schools.  

PubMed

This study aims: a) to estimate the prevalence of internet addiction among adolescents of urban and rural areas in Greece, b) to examine whether the Internet Addiction Test cut-off point is applicable to them and c) to investigate the phenomenon's association with academic achievement. Participants were 2090 adolescents (mean age 16, 1036 males, 1050 females). Young's (1998) Internet Addiction Test and her Diagnostic Questionnaire were applied. School records' grades were retrieved. A 3.1% prevalence revealed, while boys {F (1, 1642) = 6.207, p < .05}, urban residents {F (1, 1642) = 5.53, p > .05} and academic track high school students {F (1, 1642) = 5.30, p < .05} were at higher risk. An Internet Addiction Test score of 51 points (sample's mean = 27.69, SD = 17.38) was proposed as the optimal cut-off point combining high sensitivity (98%) and specificity (91%). Finally, findings illustrated the syndrome's relation to worse academic achievement {F (1, 1725) = 0.93, p > .05}. PMID:23608781

Stavropoulos, Vasilis; Alexandraki, Kiriaki; Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso

2013-06-01

230

John Ruskin and Greek art  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Ruskin, the most influential figure in Victorian art criticism, was very much a part of the movement of nineteeth-century Greek Revivalism. He saw Greek art and myth from the vantage points of his romantic aesthetic, his political beliefs, and his personal spiritual struggles. Greek architecture was largely dealt with in terms of the Greek Revival 'abuses' that Ruskin so

Lisa Marie Heath

1995-01-01

231

Developing and Implementing a Mobile Conservation Education Unit for Rural Primary School Children in Lao PDR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors examine the implementation and success of a mobile conservation education unit targeting primary schools in central Lao PDR (People's Democratic Republic). The mobile unit conducted 3-hour interactive programs for school children focused on the importance of wildlife and biodiversity around the primary schools in rural villages. Qualitative and anecdotal information were gathered during and after

Troy Hansel; Somvang Phimmavong; Kaisone Phengsopha; Chitana Phompila; Khiaosaphan Homduangpachan

2010-01-01

232

More Male Primary-School Teachers? Social Benefits for Boys "and Girls"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call for more male primary-school teachers has long been associated with the educational needs of boys, the importance of positive male role models in schools and the disproportionate number of male and female primary-school teachers internationally. However, little is known about whether or not parents and students actually want more male…

McGrath, Kevin; Sinclair, Mark

2013-01-01

233

Rationality and Emotion in Primary School Leadership: An Exploration of Key Themes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the symbiotic relationship between emotion and rationality in leadership in primary schools. It uses the literature of both emotion and leadership to ask whether school leadership has learnt some of the lessons from the recent interest in emotion and leadership. Drawing on recent research into the lives of primary school

Crawford, Megan

2007-01-01

234

Developments in Motivation and Achievement during Primary School: A Longitudinal Study on Group-Specific Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain insight in developmental trajectories of motivation during upper primary school, the present study focused on how different aspects of students' motivation, i.e., task-orientation, self-efficacy, and school investment develop from grade three to six of primary school and how these developments differ for boys and girls, and students with…

Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique

2013-01-01

235

Developing and Implementing a Mobile Conservation Education Unit for Rural Primary School Children in Lao PDR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine the implementation and success of a mobile conservation education unit targeting primary schools in central Lao PDR (People's Democratic Republic). The mobile unit conducted 3-hour interactive programs for school children focused on the importance of wildlife and biodiversity around the primary schools in rural…

Hansel, Troy; Phimmavong, Somvang; Phengsopha, Kaisone; Phompila, Chitana; Homduangpachan, Khiaosaphan

2010-01-01

236

Changes in Student Populations and Average Test Scores of Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the relation between student population characteristics and average test scores per school in the final grade of primary education from a dynamic perspective. Aggregated data of over 5,000 Dutch primary schools covering a 6-year period were used to study the relation between changes in school populations and shifts in mean…

Luyten, Hans; de Wolf, Inge

2011-01-01

237

Drawing digital pictures: an investigation of primary pupils’ representations of ICT and schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relatively restricted nature of children’s use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) inside the school setting has long been noted by researchers. With this in mind, this article offers a grounded analysis of drawings collected from 355 primary pupils (years three to six) from five English primary schools depicting desired future forms of school ICT provision. The article contends

Neil Selwyn; Daniela Boraschi; Suay Melisa Özkula

2009-01-01

238

Peer Learning in Primary School Science: Theoretical Perspectives and Implications for Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines cognitive models of peer learning in school and the implications that these models have for the teaching of science in primary schools. The article is a product of the European Commission, Socrates Comenius 2.1 funded project "The Implementation of Scientific Thinking in (Pre) Primary Schools Settings (STIPPS)" project…

Thurston, A.; Van de Keere, K.; Kosack, W.; Gatt, S.; Marchal, J.; Mestdagh, N.; Schmeinck, D.; Sidor, W.; Topping, K. J.; Donnert, K.

2007-01-01

239

Teaching Beliefs: A Comparison between Italian Primary and Secondary School Trainee Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents research which compares the teaching beliefs of primary and secondary school trainee teachers. Participants were 177 trainee teachers, 92 enrolled in a primary school teacher degree course, and 85 enrolled in a postgraduate teacher training course specifically for music teaching at secondary school level (middle and high…

Biasutti, Michele

2012-01-01

240

Cooperative Learning in Science: Follow-Up from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a two-year longitudinal study of the effects of cooperative learning on science attainment, attitudes towards science, and social connectedness during transition from primary to high school. A previous project on cooperative learning in primary schools observed gains in science understanding and in social aspects of school life.…

Thurston, Allen; Topping, Keith J.; Tolmie, Andrew; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline

2010-01-01

241

DUKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF NURSING Adult Nurse Practitioner: Adult Primary Care  

E-print Network

DUKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF NURSING Adult Nurse Practitioner: Adult Primary Care Sample Full Health 2 N459 Nurse Practitioner Residency: Adult Primary Care (300 Clinical Hours) 3 Total credits = 43 7 6 #12;DUKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF NURSING Adult Nurse Practitioner: Adult Primary Care Sample Post

Reif, John H.

242

Tackling Behaviour in Your Primary School: A Practical Handbook for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Tackling Behaviour in the Primary School" provides ready-made advice and support for classroom professionals and can be used, read and adapted to suit the busy everyday lives of teachers working in primary schools today. This valuable text sets the scene for managing behaviour in the primary classroom in the context of the Children Act 2004…

Reid, Ken; Morgan, Nicola S.

2012-01-01

243

How Do Beginning Primary School Teachers Cope with Science? Toward an Understanding of Science Teaching Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study emerged from a consideration of how some beginning primary school teachers cope when faced with teaching science. Primary teachers typically lack science content knowledge and therefore the science pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) that enables them to teach science. Aspects of a group of beginning primary school teachers' science teaching practices were consequently examined in order to understand better

Ken Appleton

2003-01-01

244

Men teachers and the “feminised” primary school: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review discusses and critiques the literature on men teachers and “feminised” primary schools from a feminist poststructuralist position. It is aimed at an audience new to the topic. The focus on “men primary teachers” as a field of research flourished as a consequence of concerns over boys’ underachievement when an increase in the numbers of males in primary schools

Christine Skelton

2011-01-01

245

Men teachers and the “feminised” primary school: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review discusses and critiques the literature on men teachers and “feminised” primary schools from a feminist poststructuralist position. It is aimed at an audience new to the topic. The focus on “men primary teachers” as a field of research flourished as a consequence of concerns over boys’ underachievement when an increase in the numbers of males in primary schools

Christine Skelton

2012-01-01

246

The effect of free primary education policy on late school entry in urban primary schools in Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late school entry is driven by several factors, one of the key ones being the cost barrier to schooling. Policies such as free primary education (FPE) that advocate for universal coverage are therefore partly aimed at removing the cost barrier. The Kenyan Government, like many in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), introduced FPE in 2003 with the aim of universalising access to schooling, which is one of the eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) it signed up to achieve. Based on a case study of four sites in Nairobi, the aim of this paper is to assess whether the FPE policy has affected late enrolment. The data used were collected by the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) and comprise a sub-sample of 4,325 first-graders during 2000-2005. The paper applies a probit model to assess the impact of the policy on the basis of marginal effects on the predicted probability of late enrolment. The results show that the FPE policy reduces the probability of late enrolment by 14 per cent. The reduction in probability of late enrolment was greater among children residing in slums (16 per cent) than those in non-slums (9 per cent). The main implication of the findings for policy makers is that cost barriers are a likely cause of over-age enrolment.

Ngware, Moses W.; Oketch, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Mutisya, Maurice

2013-11-01

247

Leading Curriculum Innovation in Primary Schools Project: An Interim Report on School Leaders' Roles in Curriculum Development in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an interim report on a two-phase study of curriculum innovation in primary schools in England during one of the most significant periods of change for the last two decades. More specifically, the study addresses the challenges to school leaders created by the Rose Review of the primary curriculum. This article presents and…

Brundrett, Mark; Duncan, Diane; Rhodes, Christopher

2010-01-01

248

Faces Behind the Figures: Interviews with Children Excluded from Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined attitudes regarding school exclusion of 22 primary-age students from 20 different schools in England who had been suspended or expelled. Found that children viewed exclusion as a significant and negative event but were optimistic about returning to school. Students were aware of appropriate and inappropriate school behavior. Incidents…

Hayden, Carol; Ward, Derek

1996-01-01

249

Demand for Primary Schooling in Rural Mali: Should User Fees be Increased?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper present estimates of the price elasticity of demand for primary schooling, using household and school survey data from rural Mali. The elasticity of enrolment with repect to the local shcool fee is compared with the effects on enrolment of distance to the school and various indicators of school quality, including books per classroom and the number of grades

Nancy Birdsall; Francois Orivel

1996-01-01

250

The Boy Who Was Drawing Princesses: Primary Teachers' Accounts of Children's Non-Conforming Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to raise awareness of sexual minority issues with a special focus on the primary school domain in Greece. Greece is considered a conservative country where most people regard homosexuality as taboo and non-heterosexual people as an invisible group. Research data from interviewing primary Greek teachers showed that…

Gerouki, Margarita

2010-01-01

251

Using Ancient Chinese and Greek Astronomical Data: A Training Sequence in Elementary Astronomy for Pre-Service Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A great amount of research has been carried out world-wide to promote history of science as a powerful science teaching tool. Because the ways of choosing and using historical elements depend on teachers' or researchers' educational purpose, any attempt to support a single model-to-use seems difficult and probably irrelevant. However,…

de Hosson, Cécile; Décamp, Nicolas

2014-01-01

252

The Colour Of The Stars And The Pupils In The Kindergarten And The Primary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A collaboration between the author of this article and the 7th Primary school of Naousa has been established eight years ago. It started with the kindergarten of the school and has been extended to the other classes of the school, as well as to other primary schools in Naousa, including the school with physically and mentally handicapped children. The collaboration with the kindergarten has as a result the production of some handicrafts, paintings or even theatrical plays. Last school year's project was the colour of the stars and the product was a year calendar with paintings of planets, star clusters, nebulae and stars.

Tomboulides, Hariton

2006-08-01

253

Russian/Greek Bilingual Comprehensive Instructional Program, 1989-90. OREA Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1989-90 school year, the Russian/Greek Bilingual Comprehensive Instructional program was fully implemented, serving 707 limited-English-speaking native Russian- and Greek-speaking students at seven public and three private high schools. Participating students received instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), native language…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.

254

Strategic Planning in Primary Schools: A Tale of No Significance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning in school management now encapsulates a range of activities that are now required of staff in schools and, through school improvement planning, has come to be the only legitimate approach for schools in preparing for their future. Head teachers are central to this process. Consequently, they are now responsible for leading and…

Bell, Les

2004-01-01

255

An Analysis of Anthropometric Data on Iranian Primary School Children  

PubMed Central

Background: Anthropometric data can be used to identify the physical dimensions of equipment, furniture, etc. The use of furniture that fails to fulfill the anthropometric data of its users has a negative impact on human health. Specific anthropometric dimensions are necessary to design school furniture. Anthropometric data have been measured in many communities especially among schoolchildren. There are different ethnic groups with probably different anthropometric data in Iran, and anthropometric data can change by time, so gathering data about anthropometric dimensions is important. This study was designed to obtain anthropometric dimensions of Iranian children (Fars ethnicity) aged 7–11 years. Methods: In a cross-sectional study in Yazd, Iran, descriptive statistics as well as key percentiles for 17 static anthropometric data of primary school students (1015 males and 1015 females), were measured and compared between boys and girls. Results: The age of the students was between 6 and 11 years. Mean weight was between 21.56±5.33 kg and 36.63±9.45 kg in boys and between 20.79±3.48 kg and 35.88±9.40 kg in girls. Mean height was between 1187/02±53.98 mm and 1420.83± 69.39 mm in boys and between 1173.90±51.01mm and 1421.27±70.82 mm in girls. There was also some difference in other anthropometric data between two genders. Conclusion: Results of this study showed some differences in anthropometric data with other studies. We also observed significant gender differences in some dimensions as well. PMID:23113041

Hafezi, R; Mirmohammadi, SJ; Mehrparvar, AH; Akbari, H; Akbari, H

2010-01-01

256

Blood lead levels of primary school children in Dhaka, Bangladesh.  

PubMed Central

Dhaka, Bangladesh, has one of the highest air lead levels in the world. In February 2000, we evaluated children at five primary schools in Dhaka to determine blood lead (BPb) levels, sources of environmental exposure, and potential risk factors for lead poisoning. Selected schools represented a range of geographic and socioeconomic strata. A total of 779 students 4-12 years of age participated. The mean BPb level was 15.0 microg/dL (range 4.2-63.1 microg/dL). Most students (87.4%) had BPb levels above the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's level of concern (10 microg/dL). Elevated BPb levels correlated with soil eating [odds ratio (OR) = 3.31; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.30-8.39], low parental education (OR = 2.72; 95% CI, 1.97-3.75), living close to major roads (OR = 2.30; 95% CI, 1.23-4.29), and increasing age (OR = 1.11; 95% CI, 1.06-1.16). BPb levels measured were similar to those in other countries that use leaded gasoline. No other potential sources of lead exposure were consistently identified. Combustion of leaded gasoline is the main source of lead exposure in Dhaka, resulting in ubiquitous contamination of the environment. The increase in BPb levels with age, a finding contrary to observations in the United States and Australia, may be related to increased outdoor activities. The Bangladeshi government recently announced a plan to eliminate leaded gasoline. Baseline BPb surveys are critical to develop and evaluate intervention policies. Strategies to reduce BPb levels need to address variations in socioeconomic status, construction type and location of housing, and levels of hygiene. PMID:11445508

Kaiser, R; Henderson, A K; Daley, W R; Naughton, M; Khan, M H; Rahman, M; Kieszak, S; Rubin, C H

2001-01-01

257

Greek Athletics in the Writings of the Greek Historians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to find out what Greek historians actually said about athletics during the centuries 700 B.C. to 400 A.D. To achieve this, the writings of Greek historians were systematically examined for words, phrases, sentences, and comments pertaining to or mentioning Greek athletics and athletes. These were recorded on separate…

Shelden, Miriam F.

258

A Prototype Greek Text to Greek Sign Language Conversion System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a prototype Greek text to Greek Sign Language (GSL) conversion system is presented. The system is integrated into an educational platform that addresses the needs of teaching GSL grammar and was developed within the SYNENNOESE project (Efthimiou "et al." 2004a. Developing an e-learning platform for the Greek sign language. "In":…

Kouremenos, Dimitris; Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita; Efthimiou, Eleni; Ntalianis, Klimis

2010-01-01

259

Personality characteristics and profiles of Greek elementary teachers using the sixteen personality factor questionnaire (16PF).  

PubMed

Empirical evidence indicates that a teacher's personality influences the classroom climate, students' behaviors, and their interpersonal relationships. Although the effect of a teacher's personality on students' psychological well-being has long been stressed in many studies, very little is known about the actual personality characteristics of Greek in-service teachers. The purpose of this study was to allocate the characteristics that best describe the personality of Greek elementary school teachers (according to the 16 Cattellian primary factors). Our study belongs in the broader research field aiming at describing and understanding the possible foundations of teachers' behavior. The sample consisted of 138 elementary teachers, who completed a standardized Greek version of the 16PF. Our statistical analysis of one-sample t-test along with an effect size calculation revealed that certain personality characteristics described the Greek elementary teacher and clearly distinguishes them from the normative group of the Greek population. Elementary teachers appear to be quite submissive, cautious, with a tendency to oppose or postpone change. They also scored a low tolerance level against fear and arousal, and high tension levels. Elementary teachers seem to respond to events, ideas, and experiences more with feeling than with thinking and find it difficult to control their feelings, which results in getting upset easily. They also seem to pay little attention to how they may appear to others and generally do what they feel like doing. Elementary teachers also scored low on aspiration level. Possible implications of the results are discussed with reference to students' psychological well-being. PMID:20014644

Roussi-Vergou, Christina J; Angelosopoulou, Argyro; Zafiropoulou, Maria M

2009-01-01

260

Do Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Primary School Predict Adolescent Victimisation Trajectories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronic victimisation in adolescence is a traumatic experience with potential negative long-term health consequences. Given that victimisation has been shown to increase over the transition from primary to secondary school, longitudinal data from 1810 students transitioning from primary to secondary school were used to identify victimisation…

Lester, Leanne; Cross, Donna

2014-01-01

261

Gender Representation in Hong Kong Primary School ELT Textbooks--A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to investigate whether the improvement of the status of women in Hong Kong in recent decades, effected through various efforts to promote the values of equal opportunity concepts, is reflected in patterns of gender representation in primary school textbooks used in Hong Kong. A comparison of a popular series of primary school

Lee, Jackie F. K.

2014-01-01

262

The pattern of electronic game use and related bodily discomfort in Hong Kong primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen\\/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with 258 males and 205 females in the

Donald P. Y. Lui; Grace P. Y. Szeto; Alice Y. M. Jones

2011-01-01

263

Ready for Life: Education for Personal and Social Development in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report HM Inspectorate of Education sets out to present an evaluation of how well primary schools promote education for pupils' personal and social development (PSD). As indicated in "Improving Scottish Education" (ISE) (HMIE 2006), primary schools deliver well overall and there is much to be said that is very positive about PSD. Almost…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

264

Comprehensive Guidance and Counselling Programmes in the Primary Schools of Hong Kong: Teachers' Perceptions and Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes teachers' and Life Education Coordinators' perceptions of, and involvement in, the guidance and counselling activities in primary schools in Hong Kong. Respondents who completed a survey questionnaire comprised 367 class teachers and 66 Life Education Coordinators from 82 primary schools. The results indicated that guidance…

Yuen, Mantak; Chan, Raymond M. C.; Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Gysbers, Norman C.; Shea, Peter M. K.

2007-01-01

265

Self-Values Held by Primary and Secondary Education School Principals: A Case in Canakkale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research aims to describe primary and secondary education school principals' self-values and to check whether or not those values differ significantly on the basis of gender, seniority, marital status and having or not having children. The participants in the research was composed of school principals working in the primary and secondary…

Maya, Ilknur

2013-01-01

266

The Use of Learning Platforms to Organise Learning in English Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the use and potentials of Learning Platform (LP) technologies for organising learning in English primary and secondary schools. It reports on the findings of qualitative research on the benefits of LPs based on data from case studies in 12 "early adopting" English primary and secondary schools. The paper reports findings on…

Jewitt, Carey; Clark, Wilma; Hadjithoma-Garstka, Christina

2011-01-01

267

Primary School Students' Attitudes towards Computer Based Testing and Assessment in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the attitudes of primary school students towards computer based testing and assessment in terms of different variables. The sample for this research is primary school students attending a computer based testing and assessment application via CITO-OIS. The "Scale on Attitudes towards Computer Based Testing and Assessment" to…

Yurdabakan, Irfan; Uzunkavak, Cicek

2012-01-01

268

Teachers' Recognition and Referral of Anxiety Disorders in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the ability of primary school teachers to recognise and refer children with anxiety symptoms. Two hundred and ninety-nine primary school teachers completed a questionnaire exploring their recognition and referral responses to five hypothetical vignettes that described boys and girls with varying severity of anxiety…

Headley, Clea J.; Campbell, Marilyn A.

2011-01-01

269

Strategies for and Successes with Promoting Social Integration in Primary Schools in Canada and China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined social integration in 11 primary schools in Canada and 19 primary schools in China as reported by teachers in terms of the strategies employed to promote social integration and success in achieving social integration. Structured interviews were conducted with 64 Canadian and 52 Chinese general education teachers. The results…

Dyson, Lily

2012-01-01

270

CL for CALL in the Primary School Katrina Keogh, Thomas Koller, Monica Ward,  

E-print Network

be used in a project to teach Irish and German to primary school children in Ireland. This paper focuses on the use of Finite State morphological analysis (FST) resources for Irish and Part of Speech (POS) taggers on the CL/NLP technologies we use for primary school students learning Irish and German. 2 CL/NLP in e

van Genabith, Josef

271

Behaviour-Emotional Characteristics of Primary-School Children Rated as Having Language Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Primary-school teachers are expected to detect problems related to language function, but the teachers' evaluations may be heavily influenced by gender and classroom behaviour. Aim: To investigate the relationship between language problems (LPs) and behaviour-emotional problems as rated by primary-school teachers. Methods: All…

Lundervold, A. J.; Heimann, M.; Manger, T.

2008-01-01

272

Science and Technology Teachers' Views of Primary School Science and Technology Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenographic study attempts to explicit science and technology teachers' views of primary school science and technology curriculum. Participants of the study were selected through opportunistic sampling and consisted of 30 science and technology teachers teaching in primary schools in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Data were collected through an…

Yildiz-Duban, Nil

2013-01-01

273

Models of Reading Difficulties and Methods of Reading Instruction among Primary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined primary school teachers' matching of instructional reading methods to models of reading difficulties and how often they used each activity in their classrooms. Subjects were 39 primary school teachers from the northeast section of a Great Lakes, midwestern state. For the study, teachers characterized each reading method according…

Bigenho, Frederick W.

274

Preventing Primary School Exclusion: What Can Education Service Based Initiatives Do?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon data collected during an investigation into the exclusion (suspension or expulsion) from school of primary age children due to behavioral problems, this paper provides an overview of findings from empirical research, but also considers the possibilities for prevention of primary school exclusion by using education service-based…

Hayden, Carol

275

Bullying and Victimization Behaviors in Boys and Girls at South Korean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of bullying and victimization behaviors in boys and girls at South Korean primary schools. Method: In a cross-sectional survey, 1,344 fourth-grade primary school children completed a questionnaire on self-reported bullying and victimization behaviors, depression, anxiety, body image, coping…

Yang, Su-Jin; Kim, Jae-Min; Kim, Sung-Wan; Shin, Il-Seon; Yoon, Jin-Sang

2006-01-01

276

Principals' and Teachers' Perceptions of Quality Management in Hong Kong Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the perceptions of a sample of Hong Kong principals and teachers of the extent to which quality management (QM) has been effectively implemented in primary schools. The features of QM improvement implemented in Hong Kong primary schools include: values and duties, systems and teams(ST) resources and…

Cheng, Alison Lai Fong; Yau, Hon Keung

2011-01-01

277

The Primary School in Changing Times: The Australian Experience. Educational Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following substantial changes throughout the Australian education system, primary schools are no longer in the protected position of having a regulated flow of clients, a predetermined curriculum, and marginal levels of staff development. This book reviews the impact of this change on Australian primary schools, the people who are involved with…

Townsend, Tony, Ed.

278

The Effect of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours of Primary School Teachers on Their Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was examined in this study whether organizational citizenship behaviours of primary school teachers predict the level of their burnout. Correlation and multi regression analysis were used for this. Survey model was used in this descriptive study. Data were collected from 1699 primary school teachers working in Mersin. Maslach Burnout Inventory…

Inandi, Yusuf; Buyukozkan, Ayse Sezin

2013-01-01

279

Making the Transition to Primary School: An Evaluation of a Transition Program for Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to primary school is an important time for both children and parents. The aim of this randomized controlled study was to assess the effectiveness of a Transition to Primary School Parent Program in strengthening parent knowledge and confidence to manage the transition process, increasing parent involvement in their children's…

Giallo, Rebecca; Treyvaud, Karli; Matthews, Jan; Kienhuis, Mandy

2010-01-01

280

Transition for a Student with Special Educational Needs from Primary to Secondary School in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the authors employ a case study approach to investigate the transition process for a student with special educational needs from a Hong Kong subsidised primary school into a secondary school. An analysis of transcripts from individual and focus group interviews with the student, his parents, his 4 primary teachers and his 10…

Forlin, Chris; Sin, Kenneth Kuen-Fung; Maclean, Rupert

2013-01-01

281

The Pattern of Electronic Game Use and Related Bodily Discomfort in Hong Kong Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the usage pattern of electronic game devices among primary school children in Hong Kong. Commonly used types of games devices were grouped into three main categories: large-screen/TV-based games, small handheld game devices and active game devices. A survey was conducted among 476 students in a local primary school, with…

Lui, Donald P. Y.; Szeto, Grace P. Y.; Jones, Alice Y. M.

2011-01-01

282

Job Satisfaction of Catholic Primary School Staff: A Study of Biographical Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study's purpose is to examine the relationships between the biographical characteristics gender, age, years of experience and employment position, and job satisfaction of staff members in Catholic primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: Survey data were collected from 356 staff members from Catholic primary schools. Research…

De Nobile, John J.; McCormick, John

2008-01-01

283

Ethical issues in information and communication technologies: Case of Malaysian primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ethical issues in information communication technology (ICT) in Malaysian primary schools. Among ethical issues that have been identified are cyber crime, cyber bullying, internet fraud, hacking and others. However, cyber bullying are the major ethical issues in Malaysian primary schools. In this study, quantitative methodology has been chosen by distributing questionnaire among the respondents. The results

Maslin Masrom; Nadia Jamal; Nik Hasnaa Nik Mahmood; Othman Zainon; Muhammad Madi Abdullah; Hooi Lai Wan

2012-01-01

284

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

285

Perceived Sources of Occupational Stress among Primary School Teachers in Delta State of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the most prevalent sources of occupational stress and also the demographic variables of gender, age and length of service among primary school teachers in Delta State. Two research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study used a descriptive survey design. The population was the primary school teachers in…

Akpochafo, G. O.

2012-01-01

286

What Informs Primary School Principals' Decision-Making in Relation to Teacher Placement in Class Levels?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging decisions for primary school principals is to decide what class level each of their teachers will teach. It seems there is very little research on the way principals go about making these decisions. Government reforms have had significant impact on the role of the primary school principal in New Zealand, and a trend has…

Carlyon, Tracey; Fisher, Anthony

2012-01-01

287

Adaptive Behavior of Primary School Students with Visual Impairments: The Impact of Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the adaptive behavior of primary school students with visual impairments, as well as the impact of educational setting on their adaptive behavior. Instrumentation included an informal questionnaire and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Participants were 36 primary school students with visual impairments. The educational…

Metsiou, Katerina; Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Agaliotis, Ioannis

2011-01-01

288

Primary School Students' Ideas Concerning the Apparent Movement of the Moon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, primary school students' ideas concerning the apparent movement of the Moon are investigated. The research was carried out in five primary schools of Athens (Greece) with a sample of forty (40), fifth and sixth grade students. Semistructured interviews were used to gather scientific data and students had the opportunity to…

Starakis, John; Halkia, Krystallia

2010-01-01

289

Experiences of Violence and Deficits in Academic Achievement among Urban Primary School Children in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between children's experiences of three different types of violence and academic achievement among primary school children in Kingston, Jamaica. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1300 children in grade 5 [mean (S.D.) age: 11 (0.5) years] from 29 government primary schools in urban…

Baker-Henningham, Helen; Meeks-Gardner, Julie; Chang, Susan; Walker, Susan

2009-01-01

290

Learning to Be a Primary School Teacher: Reading One Man's Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few men choose to become primary school teachers. Those who do move into a world often thought of as feminized and contend with a publicly-voiced rhetoric which simultaneously idealizes and demonizes them. This paper turns a spotlight on one student's stories of being a man and a student primary school teacher. It considers how he negotiates the…

Smedley, Sue

2007-01-01

291

Effect of Case Studies on Primary School Teaching Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of case studies on Primary School Teaching students' attitudes toward chemistry lesson. The study was conducted on 63 freshmen from Department of Primary School Teaching at a university in Turkey. The students were taught using case studies about the subjects of Properties and States of…

Ayyildiz, Yildizay; Tarhan, Leman

2012-01-01

292

A Study on the Evaluation of Science Projects of Primary School Students Based on Scientific Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study re-evaluated 454 science projects that were prepared by primary school students between 2007 and 2011 within the scope of Science Projects Event for Primary School Students. Also, submitted to TUBITAK BIDEB Bursa regional science board by MNE regional work groups in accordance with scientific research methods and techniques, including…

Gungor, Sema Nur; Ozer, Dilek Zeren; Ozkan, Muhlis

2013-01-01

293

Public versus private : a case study of primary school education quality Gamba, Gabon  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study attempts to compare the quality of public and private primary education provided in Gamba, Gabon, during the 2004-2005 academic year. Analyzing data collected through qualitative and quantitative research methods, this paper presents the opinions of various stakeholders (parents, teachers, school directors, and founders) regarding differences in the quality of education in Gamba's primary schools. The paper also

Rachel A. Maris-Wolf

2006-01-01

294

A Pilot Study of Using Jazz Warm Up Exercises in Primary School Choir in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study is to examine whether it is valuable to implement jazz choral practice in Hong Kong primary school setting. The findings can serve as a reference to explore the possibilities of promoting jazz education in Asian countries or in China. The participants were 70 public primary school students from grade 2 to 5 in Hong Kong. All…

Chen, Jason Chi Wai; Lee, Han Wai

2013-01-01

295

Discussing Discrimination: children's construction of sexism between pupils in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary school children's interview responses are examined to investigate whether they construct gender as a source of discrimination in their school lives. Their reported experiences and descriptions of sexism in school are discussed, as well as their reports of strategies they employ to cope with or resist it. As social?constructionist analysis is applied to the data, the children's discussion and

Becky Francis

1997-01-01

296

Modernizing the roles of support staff in primary schools: changing focus, changing function  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we describe the ways in which primary schools involved in the ‘Transforming the School Workforce: Pathfinder Project’ in England addressed the opportunity to restructure their working practices. The Project was established in 2002 by the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) primarily to help fund pilot schools to make interventions into the ways in which they were

Graham Butt; Ann Lance

2005-01-01

297

Transfer Paths and Academic Performance: The Primary School Merger Program in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, China's Ministry of Education embarked on an ambitious program of primary school mergers by shutting down small village schools and opening up larger centralized schools in towns and county seats. The goal of the program was to improve the teacher and building resources in an attempt to raise the human capital of…

Mo, Di; Yi, Hongmei; Zhang, Linxiu; Shi, Yaojiang; Rozelle, Scott; Medina, Alexis

2012-01-01

298

"Girls Hit!" Constructing and Negotiating Violent African Femininities in a Working-Class Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever gender violence and schooling have been the topic of South African research, the investigations focus on African boys in secondary schools. In contrast, this paper focuses on the ways in which violence is mobilized by African schoolgirls in a working-class primary school context. By drawing on selected elements of an ethnographic study of…

Bhana, Deevia

2008-01-01

299

Constraints and Subsequent Limitations to Parental Involvement in Primary Schools in Abu Dhabi: Stakeholders' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is developing its public schools by initiating reform agendas for school improvement. High on the list of reforms is the call to increase parental involvement in schools. For this reform to work successfully, it is important to identify and examine the constraints and subsequent limitations that exist. Seven primary

Hourani, Rida Blaik; Stringer, Patricia; Baker, Fiona

2012-01-01

300

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

301

The Impact of Drama on Pupils' Language, Mathematics, and Attitude in Two Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research which examined the impact of The National Theatre's Transformation drama project on young pupils' reading, mathematics, attitude, self-concept and creative writing in primary schools. Two of the schools taking part in Transformation were matched to two Control schools in the first two years of the project.…

Fleming, Mike; Merrell, Christine; Tymms, Peter

2004-01-01

302

Presumed Innocence(Hetero)Sexual, Heterosexist and Homophobic Harassment among Primary School Girls and Boys  

Microsoft Academic Search

When sexual harassment and schooling have been the focus of research, the site of investigation has been the secondary school and subsequently the experiences of adolescents. Locating the primary school as a key arena for the production and regulation of sexual discourses, practices and identities, this article examines the neglected area of preadolescents' experiences of different forms of sexual harassment.

EMMA RENOLD

2002-01-01

303

The Value-Added of Primary Schools: What Is It Really Measuring?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the official value-added scores in 2005 for all primary schools in three adjacent Local Educational Authorities (LEAs) in England with the raw-score Key Stage 2 (KS2) results for the same schools. The correlation coefficient for the raw- and value-added scores of these 457 schools is around +0.75. Scatterplots show that there…

Gorard, Stephen

2008-01-01

304

The Impact of AuSSI-WA at a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of the first stage of research on the impact of the Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative (AuSSI) at an independent primary school in Western Australia. A longitudinal (20 year) case study is being conducted, utilizing data related to Education for Sustainability (Emfs) at the school from 1990-2009. 2005 was a…

Lewis, Elaine; Baudains, Catherine; Mansfield, Caroline

2009-01-01

305

How Individual and School Aggregate Baseline Behavior Levels Moderate Response to a Primary Level Behavior Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our previous research (Benner, Nelson, Sanders, & Ralston, 2012), elementary schools were randomly assigned to either a primary-level behavior intervention directed at externalizing behavior (treatment, n = 7 schools) or to business-as-usual condition (control, n = 6 schools). A screening procedure was used to identify K through 3-grade…

Benner, Gregory J.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Nelson, J. Ron; Ralston, Nicole C.

2013-01-01

306

What Do Primary Students Say about School-Based Social Work Programmes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on primary school children's experiences of school-based social work programmes. These students, aged between 6 and 11, and drawn from a student population comprising 28 different cultural backgrounds and from low socio-economic backgrounds, participated in a case study that researched a school-based social work…

Testa, Doris

2014-01-01

307

Primary Pupils' Use of Information and Communication Technologies at School and Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey data from 612 pupils in five English primary schools, this paper investigates children's engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) inside and outside the school context. Analysis of the data shows pupils' engagements with ICTs to be often perfunctory and unspectacular, especially within the school setting,…

Selwyn, Neil; Potter, John; Cranmer, Sue

2009-01-01

308

‘Girls hit!’ Constructing and negotiating violent African femininities in a working-class primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever gender violence and schooling have been the topic of South African research, the investigations focus on African boys in secondary schools. In contrast, this paper focuses on the ways in which violence is mobilized by African schoolgirls in a working-class primary school context. By drawing on selected elements of an ethnographic study of gender in the junior years of

Deevia Bhana

2008-01-01

309

Coordinating Mental Health Care Across Primary Care and Schools: ADHD as a Case Example  

PubMed Central

Although primary care practices and schools are major venues for the delivery of mental health services to children, these systems are disconnected, contributing to fragmentation in service delivery. This paper describes barriers to collaboration across the primary care and school systems, including administrative and fiscal pressures, conceptual and linguistic differences between healthcare and educational professionals, role restrictions among professionals, and privacy laws. Strategies for overcoming these barriers that can be applied in both primary care and school settings are described. The paper has a primary focus on children with ADHD, but the principles and strategies described are applicable to children with a range of mental health and health conditions. PMID:23459527

Power, Thomas J.; Blum, Nathan J.; Guevara, James P.; Jones, Heather A.; Leslie, Laurel K.

2012-01-01

310

Quasi-experimental evaluation of a national primary school HIV intervention in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of a primary-school HIV education initiative on the knowledge, self-efficacy and sexual and condom use activities of upper primary-school pupils in Kenya. A quasi-experimental mixed qualitative–quantitative pre- and 18-month post-design using 40 intervention and 40 matched control schools demonstrated significant program impact on targeted objectives of (1) adequate program delivery and, for standard 6 and

Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale; Janet Wildish; Mary Gichuru

2007-01-01

311

Dartmouth College Greek Leadership Council  

E-print Network

Dartmouth College Greek Leadership Council Social Responsibility and First Year Students Fall 2014 Dartmouth College Greek Leadership Council Helpful Hints Get to know your class well in the first six weeks: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Inc., Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc. Dartmouth College Greek Leadership

Myers, Lawrence C.

312

Greek mathematical astronomy reconsidered  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent investigations have thrown new light on such topics as the early Greek belief in heliocentricity, the relation between Greek and Babylonian astronomy, the reliability of Ptolemy's Syntaxis, Hipparchus's theory of motion for the sun, Hipparchus's value for the obliquity of the ecliptic, and Eratosthenes' estimate of the size of the earth. Some claims resulting from these investigations are controversial, especially the reevaluation of Ptolemy (though it is notable that no one any longer uses data from the Syntaxis for investigating such things as the spin of the earth). This essay presents the evidence for these claims; it makes no pretense of presenting the evidence against them.

Thurston, Hugh

2002-03-01

313

Pre and Primary School Students' Self-Concept and Its Relations to Their Self-Regulatory Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations of different dimensions of self-concept with various self-regulation components have not been investigated enough, especially in young ages. The present study examined the relations between students' maths and academic self-concept and the use of cognitive, metacognitive, and motivational regulatory skills during a mathematical problem-solving situation. 196 kindergarten, first- and second-grade students from Greek state schools participated in the

Irini Dermitzaki; Angeliki Leondari

314

Teacher Participation in Decision Making and Its Impact on School and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine teacher involvement in different domains of decision making in Greek primary schools and explore associations with school and teacher variables. Design/methodology/approach: A survey employing self-administered questionnaires, with a Likert-type scale assessing teachers' actual and desired…

Sarafidou, Jasmin-Olga; Chatziioannidis, Georgios

2013-01-01

315

Values, Increasing Autonomy and Managing the Primary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1988, education deregulation policies in the Netherlands have granted more autonomy to schools. This paper presents findings of a study that analyzed the changing role of school managers that has resulted from such policies. The study identified underlying values in the attitudes of school leaders toward their changing roles as managers of…

Hooge, Edith

316

General Design Brief for Post-Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This design brief contains general information on school design; room functions, layouts, and area interrelationships; planning procedures; and costs intended for use by design teams and school authorities when planning new schools and extensions. It covers plan development and design philosophy and presents a series of design guidance notes for…

Department of Education and Science, Tullamore (Ireland). Planning and Building Unit.

317

School food policy at Dutch primary schools: room for improvement? Cross-sectional findings from the INPACT study  

PubMed Central

Background Schools can play an important role in the prevention of obesity, e.g. by providing an environment that stimulates healthy eating habits and by developing a food policy to provide such an environment. The effectiveness of a school food policy is affected by the content of the policy, its implementation and its support by parents, teachers and principals. The aim of this study is to detect opportunities to improve the school food policy and/or implementation at Dutch primary schools. Therefore, this study explores the school food policy and investigates schools’ (teachers and principals) and parents’ opinion on the school food policy. Methods Data on the schools’ perspective of the food policy was collected from principals and teachers by means of semi-structured interviews. In total 74 principals and 72 teachers from 83 Dutch primary schools were interviewed. Data on parental perceptions about the school food policy were based on a cross-sectional survey among 1,429 parents from the same schools. Results Most principals (87.1%) reported that their school had a written food policy; however in most cases the rules were not clearly defined. Most of the principals (87.8%) believed that their school paid sufficient attention to nutrition and health. Teachers and principals felt that parents were primarily responsible to encourage healthy eating habits among children, while 49.8% of the parents believed that it is also a responsibility of the school to foster healthy eating habits among children. Most parents reported that they appreciated the school food policy and comply with the food rules. Parents’ opinion on the enforcement of the school food policy varied: 28.1% believed that the school should enforce the policy more strongly, 32.1% was satisfied, and 39.8% had no opinion on this topic. Conclusion Dutch primary schools could play a more important role in fostering healthy eating habits among children. The school food policy could be improved by clearly formulating food rules, simplifying supervision of the food rules, and defining how to enforce the food rules. In addition, the school food policy will only influence children’s dietary behaviour if both the school and the parents support the policy. PMID:23587089

2013-01-01

318

Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study aimed to assess whether a school-based physical education intervention was effective in improving physical abilities and influencing daily physical activity habits in primary school children. The possible effect on body mass index (BMI) was also considered. Methods: Twenty-six 3rd-grade classes were randomly selected…

Sacchetti, Rossella; Ceciliani, Andrea; Garulli, Andrea; Dallolio, Laura; Beltrami, Patrizia; Leoni, Erica

2013-01-01

319

A Longitudinal Study of Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Affiliation During the Transition From Primary School to Middle School1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this longitudinal, multi-method, multi-agent study was to examine changes in bullying, victimization, and aggressive victimization as well as changes in peer affiliation as youngsters made the transition from primary school through the first year of middle school. Results indicated that bullying and aggressive victimization were relatively stable across time, possibly due to temperamental factors. Changes in peer

A. D. Pellegrini; Maria Bartini

2000-01-01

320

Individualism: valued differently by parents and teachers of primary, junior high and high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to examine if individualism, a core characteristic of Western societies, is socially valued\\u000a in two fundamental institutions: Family and school. Parents and teachers of fourth graders (primary school), sixth graders\\u000a (junior high school) and tenth graders (high school) completed an Individualism Scale (covering the main factors of self-realization,\\u000a autonomy, emotional independence and social differentiation) which

Florence Loose

2008-01-01

321

Subject-Verb Agreement, Object Clitics and Wh-Questions in Bilingual French-Greek SLI: The Case Study of a French-Greek-Speaking Child with SLI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigate the linguistic performance of a school age French-Greek simultaneous bilingual boy with specific language impairment (SLI) on the production of subject-verb agreement, object clitic pronouns and wh-questions. In addition, we compare his performance on these linguistic structures with that of two French-Greek bilingual…

Stavrakaki, Stavroula; Chrysomallis, Marie-Annick; Petraki, Evangelia

2011-01-01

322

Bibliotheca Greeks, Latins, and  

E-print Network

Bibliotheca 11 Greeks, Latins, and Intellectual History 1204-1500 Edited by Martin Hinterberger History and Culture? 169 Sten Ebbesen Hidden Themes in Fourteenth-Century Byzantine and Latin Theological AND ELPHIN Jonathan HARRIS During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, some Byzantine intel- lectuals took

Sheldon, Nathan D.

323

Greek Orthodoxy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than three million Greek Orthodox people exited Hellas, during the last four hundred years, in an effort to fulfil their personal ambition to amass wealth or to survive as the consequence of a long period of foreign domination and financial constraints. They have settled almost in every single neighbourhoods of the world, thus forming the Hellenic Orthodox Diaspora. The

Anastasios M Tamis

2009-01-01

324

The Impact of School Quality, Socioeconomic Factors, and Child Health on Students' Academic Performance: Evidence from Sri Lankan Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the eight Millennium Development Goals is that all children in developing countries should complete primary education. Much progress has been made toward this goal, but completing primary school does not ensure that students attain basic literacy and numeracy skills. Indeed, there is ample evidence that many children in developing countries…

Aturupane, Harsha; Glewwe, Paul; Wisniewski, Suzanne

2013-01-01

325

Pedagogy – how is it influenced in primary schools? A comparative study of literature about pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland, with a focus on English primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a critical review of recent literature comparing pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland. It identifies curriculum, assessment, leadership, teacher perceptions and personal fears as immense influences on pedagogy and considers how these factors influence pedagogy. Comparison of England's prescriptive approach with the child-directed methods operating in Poland suggests how teachers can take ownership of

Ewa Barbara Allison

2010-01-01

326

Pedagogy--How Is It Influenced in Primary Schools? A Comparative Study of Literature about Pedagogical Influences in Primary Schools in England and Poland, with a Focus on English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical review of recent literature comparing pedagogical influences in primary schools in England and Poland. It identifies curriculum, assessment, leadership, teacher perceptions and personal fears as immense influences on pedagogy and considers how these factors influence pedagogy. Comparison of England's prescriptive…

Allison, Ewa Barbara

2010-01-01

327

The Level of Ability to Adopt and Apply Organizational Democracy to Primary Schools According to Perceptions of Teachers and Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the level of ability to adopt and apply organizational democracy by teachers and administrators in primary schools are examined. The primary schools in Van have been classified in terms of sub, mid and upper socio-economic levels and 486 teachers and 71 administrators who work at the public primary schools which are randomly chosen…

Seker, Gunes; Topsakal, Cem

2011-01-01

328

Developing an Enrichment Programme in a Junior Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special provision for able children within the school curriculum is relatively new in Natal. We were very fortunate to be a Pilot School when the Natal Education Department initiated extension programmes for these children. Belle Wallace's In-Service Course of 1982 was a memorable three days and this article lists briefly how we have tried to provide enrichment for children of

Justine Venter

1985-01-01

329

Faith Schools and Pupils' Progress through Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of faith schools on the performance and progress of their pupils has been studied using data from the National Pupil Database (NPD). The value-added analysis was carried out using multilevel modelling, controlling for prior attainment as well as a range of background variables, including ethnicity, sex, eligibility for free school meals…

Yeshanew, Tilaye; Schagen, Ian; Evans, Suzanne

2008-01-01

330

Maltreatment of Primary School Students by Educational Staff in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving 5,472 Israeli students (grades 4-6) found almost a third reported being emotionally maltreated by a staff member and more than a fifth reported physical maltreatment. The most vulnerable students were males, students in Arab schools, and students in schools with high rates of low-income and low-education families. (Contains…

Benbenishty, Rami; Zeira, Anat; Astor, Ron Avi; Khoury-Kassabri, Mona

2002-01-01

331

Teachers' Emotional Experiences of Growing Diversity and Multiculturalism in Schools and the Prospects of an "Ethic of Discomfort"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the ways in which emotions are constituted and mobilized by teachers to respond to growing diversity and multiculturalism in schools. The analysis is based on a two-year ethnographic study conducted in three Greek-Cypriot primary schools that are "multicultural". The following focus questions are addressed: (1) How do…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2010-01-01

332

“One for All and All for One”: Assessing the Implementation of One Comprehensive School-Wide Discipline Program in a Primary School in Southwest Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In schools across America, school safety and student discipline remain primary concerns for all stakeholders in the education process. Researchers and educators suggest that implementing a school-wide discipline plan tailored to meet the needs of a particular school setting is one solution to the complex behavior management problem. The limited research on the actual impact of using a school-wide discipline

Linda T. Ward

2009-01-01

333

Greek medical students' career choices indicate strong tendency towards specialization and training abroad.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the career choices, location preferences and criteria among medical students in Greece. We applied a questionnaire-based analysis using a sample of 591 students of four out of seven Greek Medical Schools. The sample included students of all academic years. The vast majority of students wish to specialize (97.6%), while general practice gathered a very low percentage (1.7%). The scientific challenge (61.4%) and interaction with patients (60.6%) seem to be the major influencing factors for most of the students' specialty preferences, whilst less common variables influencing career choice are the high demand/supply ratio for certain health services (40.4%), the income potential (31.4%), the active tempo (26.2%) and prestige (15%). 70.3% of those asked consider the possibility of specializing abroad. The low concern of Greek medical students for general practice reveals today's drastic deficiency in Greek primary health care. Such a situation will escalate, unless targeted strategies to produce more general practitioners are adopted. Furthermore, the results reflect a lower education and organizing level urging students to specialize abroad. The National Health System (NHS) should be reformed towards a rationalistic distribution of the medical specialties and medical workforce. PMID:16413630

Avgerinos, Efthimios D; Msaouel, Pavlos; Koussidis, George A; Keramaris, Nikolaos C; Bessas, Zacharias; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos

2006-11-01

334

Primary School Managers' Knowledge of and Attitude towards Epilepsy among Children in Erbil City, Iraq  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the knowledge and attitudes of primary school managers regarding epilepsy among school children in Erbil City, Iraq. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in primary schools between 18 June and 18 August 2013. A total of 80 primary school managers were selected to answer a questionnaire covering three domains: socio-demographical characteristics, knowledge of epilepsy and attitudes towards epilepsy. Results: More than half of the participants (55%) had spent less than 10 years in school administration. More than one-third (37.5%) of the participants believed that epilepsy was an infectious disease, and over half of the respondents (53.75%) stated that epilepsy cannot be treated or prevented. Conclusion: Although the respondents’ attitudes towards pupils with epilepsy were generally positive, their knowledge of epilepsy was imperfect; thus, an epilepsy education campaign is required. This should focus on the causes of epilepsy and its management. PMID:24790745

Abdulla, Salih A.

2014-01-01

335

[What Can We Learn from the English Primary Schools? Questions and Answers from My Fulbright Administrative Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the primary education system in England as a whole and the operation of primary schools in Leicestershire in particular. It also contains questions and answers concerning English primary education. The paper describes the organization, funding, and administration of English primary schools, which provide the first 6 years of…

Firlik, Russell J.

336

Teacher reports of hypoactivity symptoms reflect slow cognitive processing speed in primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mediating effect of cognitive processing speed on the ability of a primary school child to achieve his\\/her full potential\\u000a of intellectual functioning emphasizes the importance of methods to detect “slow” children. Primary school teachers may be\\u000a the first to have concerns about inattentive pupils who show symptoms of hypoactivity, but may find the symptoms difficult\\u000a to interpret. In the

Astri J. Lundervold; Maj-Britt Posserud; Anne-Karin Ullebø; Lin Sørensen; Christopher Gillberg

2011-01-01

337

UPSiDE: Power and water for a Primary School in the Wakiso district of Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the Ugandan primary school designed for the environment (UPSiDE) project was to provide users of a primary school in the Wakiso district of Uganda with potable water and with electricity. Team UPSiDE followed Gibsonpsilas six steps of systems analysis and expanded on them to include iterations of creating prototypes and testing. After alternative evaluation, Team UPSiDE worked

Alison C. Agüero

2008-01-01

338

Multi-Uses of Compensatory Programs in Reinforcing the Curriculum of Two Inner-City Schools: English Avenue Elementary School; English Avenue Primary School; 1972-73. Research and Development Report, Volume 7, Number 8, September 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are two schools bearing the name English Avenue: English Avenue Elementary School and English Avenue Primary School. The primary school, which is within the zone boundaries of the elementary school, provided grades kindergarten through 2; the Follow Through Program operated at all three grade levels. After grade two, the pupils of the…

Goettee, Margaret; Watts, Larry

339

Identification of the sources of primary organic aerosols at urban schools: a molecular marker approach.  

PubMed

Children are particularly susceptible to air pollution and schools are examples of urban microenvironments that can account for a large portion of children's exposure to airborne particles. Thus this paper aimed to determine the sources of primary airborne particles that children are exposed to at school by analyzing selected organic molecular markers at 11 urban schools in Brisbane, Australia. Positive matrix factorization analysis identified four sources at the schools: vehicle emissions, biomass burning, meat cooking and plant wax emissions accounting for 45%, 29%, 16% and 7%, of the organic carbon respectively. Biomass burning peaked in winter due to prescribed burning of bushland around Brisbane. Overall, the results indicated that both local (traffic) and regional (biomass burning) sources of primary organic aerosols influence the levels of ambient particles that children are exposed at the schools. These results have implications for potential control strategies for mitigating exposure at schools. PMID:24842381

Crilley, Leigh R; Qadir, Raeed M; Ayoko, Godwin A; Schnelle-Kreis, Jürgen; Abbaszade, Gülcin; Orasche, Jürgen; Zimmermann, Ralf; Morawska, Lidia

2014-08-01

340

Evaluation of implementation and effect of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity  

PubMed Central

Objectives To implement a school based health promotion programme aimed at reducing risk factors for obesity and to evaluate the implementation process and its effect on the school. Design Data from 10 schools participating in a group randomised controlled crossover trial were pooled and analysed. Setting 10 primary schools in Leeds. Participants 634 children (350 boys and 284 girls) aged 7-11 years. Main outcome measures Response rates to questionnaires, teachers' evaluation of training and input, success of school action plans, content of school meals, and children's knowledge of healthy living and self reported behaviour. Results All 10 schools participated throughout the study. 76 (89%) of the action points determined by schools in their school action plans were achieved, along with positive changes in school meals. A high level of support for nutrition education and promotion of physical activity was expressed by both teachers and parents. 410 (64%) parents responded to the questionnaire concerning changes they would like to see implemented in school. 19 out of 20 teachers attended the training, and all reported satisfaction with the training, resources, and support. Intervention children showed a higher score for knowledge, attitudes, and self reported behaviour for healthy eating and physical activity. Conclusion This programme was successfully implemented and produced changes at school level that tackled risk factors for obesity. What is already known on this topicPrevention of obesity is an increasingly important aspect of health promotionFew trials have investigated school based primary prevention programmes directed at obesityWhat this study addsThe programme was successful in producing school level changes to tackle risk factors for obesityHigh levels of participation indicated support from schools, staff, parents, and pupilsPositive changes were seen in school meals, tuck shops, and playground activities PMID:11691758

Sahota, Pinki; Rudolf, Mary C J; Dixey, Rachael; Hill, Andrew J; Barth, Julian H; Cade, Janet

2001-01-01

341

Psychometric evaluation of the Greek Physical Self-Description Questionniare.  

PubMed

To estimate the psychometric properties of the Physical Self-description Questionnaire for deaf high school students, a Greek version was administered to 125 deaf soccer layers and 108 nonexercisers. Confirmatory factor analysis showed adequate factorial structure for the original 11-factor model. Internal consistency and temporal stability were satisfactory for this sample. Also, the construct, discriminant, and predictive validity indices were adequate. These findings supported the use of the Greek version of the Physical Self-description Questionnaire for the assessment of the self-concept of deaf high school students. PMID:16350612

Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos

2005-08-01

342

Revolution, Evolution or a Trojan Horse? Piloting Assessment for Learning in Some Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses some of the findings of an evaluation of Project One of the "Assessment is for Learning" Development Programme in 16 Scottish primary schools and two junior high schools in which teachers developed formative assessment strategies aimed at improving teaching and learning. Drawing on data from pupils, teachers and parents, the…

Kirton, Alison; Hallam, Susan; Peffers, Jack; Robertson, Pamela; Stobart, Gordon

2007-01-01

343

Interculturalism in Italian Primary Schools with a High Concentration of Immigrant Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article focuses on quantitative research carried out on a statistically representative sample of Italian primary schools with a high concentration of immigrant students. Research data show that schools with a higher number of immigrant students offer a greater number and a wider variety of intercultural initiatives. The presence of…

Catarci, Marco

2013-01-01

344

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Supporting Report and Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research presented in this report was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

345

Role of classroom culture in constructing gendered identities of children at the primary school level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to explore the role of classroom culture in constructing gendered identities of children at primary school level. The study was conducted in one of the co-education public sector schools in Karachi, Pakistan, in Class Five to explore its culture. An observational study within qualitative paradigm was conducted to observe teachers and students' actions, interactions and decisions in

Zareen Taj

2008-01-01

346

Learner Dispositions Related to Primary School Computing in Three Nations: 1992 Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the 1992 findings of a three-nation longitudinal study of the psychological effects of computer use during primary school. Results are based on an analysis of Likert-type ratings by 3,036 students in grades 1 through 3 at 21 elementary schools in Japan (1,236 students), the United States (1,072 students plus 247 Hispanic…

Knezek, Gerald A.; Miyashita, Keiko T.

347

The Effect of Primary School Mergers on Academic Performance of Students in Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the impact of primary school mergers on academic performance of students using a dataset that we collected using a survey designed specifically to examine changes in the academic performance of students before and after their schools were merged. We use difference-in-differences and propensity score matching approaches and demonstrate…

Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott; Loyalka, Prashant

2010-01-01

348

A Longitudinal Analysis of Sex Differences in Math and Spatial Skills in Primary School Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on a longitudinal study designed to assess possible sex differences in math achievement, math ability, and math-related tasks during the primary school age years. Participants included over 200 children from one public school district. Annual assessments included measures of math ability, math calculation achievement scores, rapid naming…

Lachance, Jennifer A.; Mazzocco, Michele M. M.

2006-01-01

349

Partnership Working in Small Rural Primary Schools: The Best of Both Worlds. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to investigate the most effective ways for small rural primary schools to work together in order to improve provision and raise standards. The project sought to examine the circumstances and context of small rural schools in Lincolnshire and evaluate their different leadership models (such as collaborations,…

Hill, Robert

2014-01-01

350

SPICED: Evaluation of a Drug Education Project in Kirklees Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To investigate the process, implementation, and short-term outcomes of a drug education programme (SPICED) introduced in Kirklees schools, West Yorkshire. Design: A retrospective evaluation using mixed methods. Setting: Ten primary schools in West Yorkshire. Methods: Interviews with professionals, survey of parents, focus groups with…

Crosswaite, C.; Tooby, J.; Cyster, R.

2004-01-01

351

Children's Rights in Practice: A Study of Change within a Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might a concern with children's spirituality "touch down" within the different spaces, discourses and performances within a school? This article is concerned with the affordances of children's rights discourse in relation to young people's participation, deliberation, and ethical work upon the self, within one primary school in Scotland. We…

I'Anson, John; Allan, Julie

2006-01-01

352

State liability for abuse in primary schools: systemic failure and O'Keeffe v. Hickey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the historical arrangement between Church and State, the Irish State has always discharged its duty to provide for free primary education exclusively through the provision of funding to privately owned and managed schools. Consequently, in O'Keeffe v. Hickey, where a woman sued the State in respect of sex abuse she suffered when in school, the Supreme Court held

Conor OMahony

2009-01-01

353

Understanding the Mental Health Needs of Primary School Children in an Inner-City Local Authority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing awareness of mental health problems among children, and schools are increasingly being encouraged to take a wider role in preventing mental health difficulties. Local population studies are needed to inform delivery of universal through to targeted services. In the current study, parents and teachers of 2% of primary school

Hackett, Latha; Theodosiou, Louise; Bond, Caroline; Blackburn, Clare; Spicer, Freya; Lever, Rachel

2010-01-01

354

Considerations of Dance Transmission Processes: Adapting Bharata Natyam in a Singapore Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study has, for its purpose, an examination of the pedagogies and practices of a master Bharata Natyam dance instructor working within a Singapore primary school context. It explores the instructor's adaptation within an after-school weekly activity of the South Indian traditional classical dance form. Considerations of…

Lum, Chee Hoo; Gonda, Donn Emmanuel

2014-01-01

355

Quasi-Experimental Estimates of Class Size Effect in Primary Schools in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we analyze class size effects in the case of primary schools in Poland. We use two empirical strategies to avoid endogeneity bias. First, we use average class size in a grade as an instrumental variable for actual class size. This allows us to control for within school selection of pupils with different abilities to classes of…

Jakubowski, Maciej; Sakowski, Pawel

2006-01-01

356

‘Nature’ and the ‘environment’ in Jamaica’s primary school curriculum guides  

Microsoft Academic Search

In cases where environmental education is institutionalised within schools, the curriculum can affect what and how students learn about ‘nature’ and the ‘environment’. In Jamaica, schools are considered important settings for environmental education; the curriculum therefore includes environmental issues. Using content analysis, representations of ‘nature’ and the ‘environment’ in the nation’s primary level Curriculum Guides were examined. Findings indicate that

Therese Ferguson

2008-01-01

357

A Grid and Group Explanation of Emotional Intelligence in Selected Belizean Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this qualitative study was to use grid and group theory to investigate and explain the contextual meaning and manifestation of Emotional Intelligence (EI) among faculty members in two Belizean Primary Schools. Purposive Sampling was used to select five faculty members from each of the two schools to…

Coc, Simeon

2012-01-01

358

Self-Concept among Primary School Students According to Gender and Academic Achievement Variables in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to explore the level of self-concept among primary school students according to gender and academic achievement variables in Amman. A random sample was chosen from fourth, fifth and sixth grades in private schools in Amman city. The sample of the study consisted of (365) male and female students, (177) males and (188)…

Al-Srour, Nadia Hayel; Al-Ali, Safa Mohammad

2013-01-01

359

Transition in Modern Languages from Primary to Secondary School: The Challenge of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on in-depth interviews conducted with 12 teachers of modern languages in relation to how they dealt with the challenge of transition from primary to secondary school, with special reference to modern foreign languages. Findings suggest that only one of the 12 secondary schools was well placed to facilitate a smooth transition,…

Chambers, Gary

2014-01-01

360

The Tyranny of Setting (Ability Grouping): Challenges to Inclusion in Scottish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debate around the use of ability grouping in schools, resonates across national boundaries as concerns rise around the possible negative impact on young people, particularly those in already disadvantaged groups. In this paper, a survey focussing on primary schools in Scotland established the extent to which some form of ability grouping has…

Hamilton, Lorna; O'Hara, Paul

2011-01-01

361

The Effects of Computer Games on Primary School Students' Achievement and Motivation in Geography Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of a computer game for learning about geography by primary school students is the focus of this article. Researchers designed and developed a three-dimensional educational computer game. Twenty four students in fourth and fifth grades in a private school in Ankara, Turkey learnt about world continents and countries through this…

Tuzun, Hakan; Yilmaz-Soylu, Meryem; Karakus, Turkan; Inal, Yavuz; Kizilkaya, Gonca

2009-01-01

362

The effects of computer games on primary school students' achievement and motivation in geography learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a computer game for learning about geography by primary school students is the focus of this article. Researchers designed and developed a three-dimensional educational computer game. Twenty four students in fourth and fifth grades in a private school in Ankara, Turkey learnt about world continents and countries through this game for three weeks. The effects of the

Hakan Tüzün; Meryem Yilmaz-soylu; Türkan Karakus; Yavuz Inal; Gonca Kizilkaya

2009-01-01

363

Evaluation of the Scotland against Drugs Primary School Initiative Training. SCRE Research Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scotland Against Drugs, a privately funded partnership, launched a national staff development program known as the Primary School Initiative (PSI). The initiative provides an opportunity for schools and local authorities to evaluate their drug education efforts. The training encourages teachers to develop their own drug education policies and…

Lowden, Kevin; Powney, Janet

364

Child Protection in Primary Schools: A Contradiction in Terms or a Potential Opportunity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the topic of child protection in Irish primary schools, and reports on a recently completed survey of newly qualified teachers' knowledge of and familiarity with their school's child protection policies and procedures. The study was undertaken by means of a questionnaire survey, and conducted with 103 teachers from different…

Buckley, Helen; McGarry, Kathryn

2011-01-01

365

Being Caring and Disciplinary--Male Primary School Teachers on Expectations from Others  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores how male primary school teachers view and relate to other people's expectations of them as teachers. The empirical data consists of interviews with seven teachers working in compulsory school grades three to five in a large-sized town in Sweden. The theoretical work on relations among masculinities developed by Connell…

Hjalmarsson, Maria; Löfdahl, Annica

2014-01-01

366

"Like an Iceberg Floating Alone": A Case Study of Teacher Stress at a Victorian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the case study of a culturally diverse, inner suburban, primary school located on a government housing estate. We report on high levels of stress amongst the teachers at the school and find evidence of professional bureaucratic conflict. Two main findings are reported. First, that teacher stress is attributed to a combination…

Burchielli, Rosaria; Bartram, Timothy

2006-01-01

367

Student Primary Teachers and Their Experience of Religious Education in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on research into the way student primary teachers experience religious education when they train in schools. The research findings suggest that the experience and quality of training in many schools is not adequate and that this experience undermines student confidence in relation to religious education. The author argues…

Revell, Lynn

2005-01-01

368

The tyranny of setting (ability grouping): Challenges to inclusion in Scottish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debate around the use of ability grouping in schools, resonates across national boundaries as concerns rise around the possible negative impact on young people, particularly those in already disadvantaged groups. In this paper, a survey focussing on primary schools in Scotland established the extent to which some form of ability grouping has emerged within classes dealing with children from 5

Lorna Hamilton; Paul O’Hara

2011-01-01

369

Late Entry into Primary School in Developing Societies: Findings from Cross-National Household Surveys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late entry into primary school is a widespread phenomenon in developing countries. Students who enter school late are more likely to repeat grades, drop out and perform more poorly. Yet the phenomenon has received little scholarly attention, and there is a dearth of cross-national data. In this paper, we draw on data from the Multiple Indicator…

Nonoyama-Tarumi, Yuko; Loaiza, Edilberto; Engle, Patrice L.

2010-01-01

370

Netbook Computers as an Appropriate Solution for 1:1 Computer Use in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools increasingly move towards 1:1 computing, research is required to inform the design and provision of this access. Utilising the Activity Theory (AT) notion of contradictions and expansion as a theoretical underpinning, this article suggests netbooks as a viable option to provide 1:1 computing for primary school students. Decisions…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

371

Informing One-to-One Computing in Primary Schools: Student Use of Netbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although one-to-one laptop programs are being introduced in many schools, minimal research has been conducted regarding their effectiveness in primary schools. Evidence-based research is needed to inform significant funding, deployment and student use of computers. This article analyses key findings from a study conducted in four Year 7 classrooms…

Larkin, Kevin; Finger, Glenn

2011-01-01

372

Indigenous Students in Bolivian Primary Schools: Patterns and Determinants of Inequities. A World Bank Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the patterns and determinants of inequities between indigenous and non-indigenous students in Bolivian primary (elementary) schools, using a 1997 survey of third and sixth graders. Analysis shows that, on average, indigenous students are of lower socioeconomic status, and their schools appear to have fewer instructional…

McEwan, Patrick J.; Jimenez, Wilson

373

The Effect of Introducing Nonplay Items into a Primary School Playground in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Play is the context for development, growth, and learning, yet many schools have restricted or removed play equipment from playgrounds because of health and safety concerns. This study aimed to investigate whether there was any change in the playfulness of children in an Irish primary school playground when nonplay items were introduced. In a before and after study, 12 children

Gill Chard; Aislinn Pierse

2011-01-01

374

Increasing women's participation in the primary school teaching force and teacher training in Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research shows that Nepalese parents prefer sending girls to schools with female teachers, only 12.8 percent of Nepalese primary school teachers are women. Nepal has among the lowest enrollment and retention rates for girls in the world. One strategy to correct the situation is to increase the number of women who become and remain teachers. But teacher training is

Molly Maguire Teas

1993-01-01

375

The distribution of ringworm infections among primary school children in Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was carried out on the distribution of ringworm infections among school children in four primary schools in Jos, Plateau State of Nigeria. Out of a total population of 6 987, 237 (3.4%) were found to be infected by this disease. There was a high incidence of both scalp and foot ringworms among the infected children. Fourteen species of

C. I. C. Ogbonna; R. O. Robinson; J. M. Abubakar

1985-01-01

376

The Momentum behind the International Primary Curriculum in Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year 2007 saw a discrete yet significant development in the sphere of "international education" in England: a doubling in number of state-funded schools offering the International Primary Curriculum. This curriculum had been developed in 2000 for the Shell Company Group of Schools. It first emerged in England in 2003; two years later it had…

Bunnell, Tristan

2010-01-01

377

A Multicultural Perspective on Play and Learning in Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the school’s conception of learning, the cultural aspect of children’s play has often been lacking. In different countries,\\u000a it is emphasized that play is important for learning (Dockett and Fleer, Play and pedagogy in early childhood: Bending the\\u000a rules. Harcourt Brace & Comp, Sydney, 1999; Lillemyr, Nordisk Pedagogik\\/Nordic Educational Research 22:38–52, 2002; Wood and Attfield, Play, learning and the

Ole Fredrik Lillemyr; Frode Søbstad; Kurt Marder

2011-01-01

378

Oral Health Status among Primary School Children in the Soc Son District, Hanoi City, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Vietnam, caries prevalence of 56.6% among 12 year old children (in 2001) has been public health major concern. Two-hundred-twenty-eight school children in 3 primary schools who had received the School- Based Dental Program over five years were studied by cross-sectional survey during Jan. 2008. The purpose of this study was to address oral health status and related factors among

Dao Le Nam Trung; Nonglak Pancharuniti; Boonyong Keiwkarnka

379

Leadership and Emotion in the Primary School--Reflections from Four Primary Headteachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders in schools rely for their effectiveness on a good deal of interpersonal contact. Partly stimulated by writers on emotional intelligence (Cooper and Sawaf, 1997; Goleman, 1995), there is a renewed interest in the emotional side of schools. Fineman proposes that the idea of the rational organisation is a naive assumption by those who manage…

Crawford, Megan

2004-01-01

380

Multidimensional body-self relations questionnaire-appearance scales: psychometric properties of the Greek version.  

PubMed

The psychometric properties of a Greek version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS) were studied. A total of 1,312 high school students (463 boys, 849 girls) were administered the Greek MBSRQ-AS, the Greek Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised (ASI-R) and the Greek Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3). An exploratory factor analysis revealed that the Greek MBSRQ-AS items significantly loaded with the scale's main factors. Internal consistencies of the subscales ranged from .76 to .86. Test-retest reliabilities ranged from .75 to .93. Convergent validity was also confirmed as the Greek MBSRQ-AS subscales correlated positively with the ASI-R and the SATAQ-3. PMID:24693817

Argyrides, Marios; Kkeli, Natalie

2013-12-01

381

Primary care and non-primary care physicians: a longitudinal study of their similarities, differences, and correlates before, during, and after medical school.  

PubMed

PURPOSE--To investigate similarities and differences between physicians in primary care and non-primary care specialties on performance measures prior to, during, and after medical school, and on demographic characteristics, professional plans and preferences in medical school, professional activities, career satisfaction, perceived problems and research activities, and to predict primary--non-primary care career choices from information obtained in medical school. A questionnaire was mailed to 1,076 physicians who graduated from Jefferson Medical College between 1982 and 1986. Of those who responded (62%), 232 were primary care and 406 were non-primary care physicians (29 physicians in mixed specialties were excluded). Data from the questionnaire concerning professional activities, satisfaction, problems, and research productivities were merged with the college's longitudinal study database. RESULTS--Comparisons of primary care--non-primary care physicians indicated no significant difference between them on performance measures before, during, and after medical school, with the exception that non-primary care physicians had higher scores on quantitative tests before medical school, and primary care physicians scored higher on a licensing examination of general clinical skills and patient management taken during residency training. Also, compared with non-primary care physicians, those in primary care were less likely to be employed full-time, were less likely to locate in metropolitan areas, had a lower rate of academic appointment, and had a higher rate of board certification. Other results showed differences between the groups in terms of age at entrance to medical school, proportion of women, estimates during medical school of anticipated income, career plans during medical school, satisfaction with career and income, and research and scientific activities. A logistic regression model could predict primary care--non-primary care status from specialty interest, professional plans and interests expressed in medical school. PMID:7826453

Hojat, M; Gonnella, J S; Erdmann, J B; Veloski, J J; Xu, G

1995-01-01

382

Investigating Teachers' Educational Beliefs in Chinese Primary Schools: Socioeconomic and Geographical Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study explores the nature of and profiles in primary teachers' educational beliefs in the Chinese educational settings. A survey of 820 primary school teachers was conducted using a questionnaire focusing on teachers' traditional and constructivist beliefs about teaching and learning. Analysis of variance and cluster analysis were…

Sang, Guoyuan; Valcke, Martin; van Braak, Johan; Tondeur, Jo

2009-01-01

383

Primary School Teachers' Knowledge and Awareness of Dyslexia in Kuwaiti Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Kuwaiti primary school teachers' knowledge and awareness of early signs of dyslexia among Kuwaiti students. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect data randomly from more than 700 participants of primary language teachers across Kuwait's six educational districts. The results showed that the majority of…

Aladwani, Amel M.; Al Shaye, Shaye S.

2012-01-01

384

Men Teachers and the "Feminised" Primary School: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review discusses and critiques the literature on men teachers and "feminised" primary schools from a feminist poststructuralist position. It is aimed at an audience new to the topic. The focus on "men primary teachers" as a field of research flourished as a consequence of concerns over boys' underachievement when an increase in the numbers of…

Skelton, Christine

2012-01-01

385

Walnut Springs Interest Unit, Fairmount Avenue School. Primary Unit--Team I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This environmental education teaching guide was designed for primary teachers who may want to develop their own environmental education units or who may wish to integrate the units contained in the guide into their own curriculum. The units in the guide were developed by primary teachers and reflect the experiences of the Fairmont Avenue School

State College Area School District, PA.

386

A Small-Scale Study of Primary School English Language Teachers' Classroom Activities and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's search for upgrading the quality of English language teaching is still in progress. Publication of Ministry of National Education's "English Language Curriculum for Primary Education Grades 4,5,6,7 and 8" (2006) framed the content and delivery of our primary school English language teaching classes along with a list of suggested classroom…

Arikan, Arda

2011-01-01

387

Serious Game Motivation in an EFL Classroom in Chinese Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report on the findings of a qualitative PhD pilot research study on the integration of Serious Games specifically Mingoville to motivate the Chinese primary students in an EFL classrooms. It was carried out in two primary schools: the students are both from low and high income families respectively in Jiangsu Province, PR, China.…

Anyaegbu, Ruphina; Ting, Wei; Li, Yi

2012-01-01

388

Singing in Primary Schools: Case Studies of Good Practice in Whole Class Vocal Tuition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of British initiatives in music education such as the Wider Opportunities programme in England and the recommendations of the Music Manifesto emphasising the importance of singing in primary schools, the current paper explores examples of good practice in whole-class vocal tuition. The research included seven different primary

Lamont, Alexandra; Daubney, Alison; Spruce, Gary

2012-01-01

389

Chapter 5 An Empirical Analysis of Achievement in Transition from Pre-School to Primary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparing a child for school, from pre-school through completion, never ends. The objectives formulated both in the National Curriculum of Comprehensive Schools (2002) are dedicated to humane principles of development. The ideal school curriculum should consider developmental aspects and the most favourable conditions of growth and continuous learning possible. However, the reality is that even the transition from kindergarten to

Airi Kukk

390

Students' and parents' attitudes toward basic life support training in primary schools  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess attitudes of students and their parents toward basic life support (BLS) training in primary schools, along with their perceptions of students’ fears toward applying and training BLS. Methods In October 2011, a specifically designed, voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 7th and 8th grade students and to their parents in two primary schools in Split, Croatia. Completed questionnaires were analyzed to determine the validity of the scale, and to determine sex and group differences in individual items and the whole scale. Results The questionnaires were completed by 301 school children and 361 parents. Cronbach’s alpha of the whole scale was 0.83, indicating good internal consistency. The students’ score for the whole attitude scale was 73.7?±?11.1 out of maximum 95, while the parents’ score was 68.0?±?11.9. Students’ attitude was significantly more positive than that of the parents (U?=?29.7, P?primary school and their parents had a positive attitude toward BLS training in primary schools. Implementing compulsory BLS training in Croatia’s primary schools could help increase students’ confidence, quell their fears toward applying BLS, and possibly even increase the survival of bystander-witnessed cardiac arrests. PMID:23986279

Petric, Jasna; Malicki, Mario; Markovic, Domagoj; Mestrovic, Julije

2013-01-01

391

School and University Partnerships: The Role of Teacher Education Institutions and Primary Schools in the Development of Preservice Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science in the Australian primary school context is in a state of renewal with the recent implementation of the Australian Curriculum: Science. Despite this curriculum renewal, the results of primary students in science have remained static. Science in Australia has been identified as one of the least taught subjects in the primary school

Petersen, Jacinta E.; Treagust, David F.

2014-01-01

392

Developing Primary School Children's Understanding of Energy Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies 34 elementary school children's understanding of five aspects of energy waste and the ways in which these conceptions develop following teaching. Concludes that the children had good prior awareness of some behaviors that save energy, but their reasons for thinking this were based largely on everyday intuitive ideas that involved…

Kruger, Colin; Summers, Mike

2000-01-01

393

Perfectionism and Self Concept among Primary School Children in Egypt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The main purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between dimensions of perfectionism and self-concepts among school aged students in Egypt. Method: Two hundred-eighty four children (fifth and sixth graders) participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 144.37 months, SD 6.36. Pearson correlation…

Tofaha, Gamal Al Sayed; Ramon, Patricia Robledo

2010-01-01

394

A Multicultural Perspective on Play and Learning in Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the school's conception of learning, the cultural aspect of children's play has often been lacking. In different countries, it is emphasized that play is important for learning (Dockett and Fleer, Play and pedagogy in early childhood: Bending the rules. Harcourt Brace & Comp, Sydney, "1999"; Lillemyr, Nordisk Pedagogik/Nordic Educational…

Lillemyr, Ole Fredrik; Sobstad, Frode; Marder, Kurt; Flowerday, Terri

2011-01-01

395

DISCOVERIES/INVENTIONS School of Medicine in primary care, family  

E-print Network

-based technology that provides improved access to the Internet for the blind and visually impaired A "bionic in the developing world. EaRly CHIldHOOd RESEaRCH The Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences (I with the UW School of Dentistry and Seattle Children's) addresses the entire system of early childhood oral he

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

396

Intercomprehension in Primary School: Discovering Languages and Constructing Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential value of developing pupils' intercomprehension skills at elementary school. This development construes Europe as a plurilingual and intercultural space in which the linguistic and cultural identity of each community finds its place. However, the construction of Europe also faces the challenges of assuring…

Barbeiro, Luis Filipe

2009-01-01

397

Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school

Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal

2010-01-01

398

"One for All and All for One": Assessing the Implementation of One Comprehensive School-Wide Discipline Program in a Primary School in Southwest Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In schools across America, school safety and student discipline remain primary concerns for all stakeholders in the education process. Researchers and educators suggest that implementing a school-wide discipline plan tailored to meet the needs of a particular school setting is one solution to the complex behavior management problem. The limited…

Ward, Linda T.

2009-01-01

399

Y's Girl: increasing body satisfaction among primary school girls.  

PubMed

To date, effective body image interventions for preadolescent school girls are lacking. The present study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of Y's Girl, a published body image curriculum specifically tailored for preadolescent school girls. A sample of 60 Grade 6 girls with a mean age of 11.25 (range of 11-12) years were allocated either to an intervention or control group and completed baseline and posttest measures of body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparison, self-esteem, peer factors, and disordered eating. Findings revealed that, compared to the control group, girls receiving the intervention reported improved body image, thin-ideal internalization, body comparisons, and self-esteem at posttest 1 week after the intervention ended. Furthermore, changes in body satisfaction were moderated by initial levels of risk-factors. These findings provide initial support for Y's Girl as an effective, affordable body image intervention for preadolescent girls which can be implemented by teachers. PMID:23876878

Ross, Amy; Paxton, Susan J; Rodgers, Rachel F

2013-09-01

400

Preschool, Primary School, and Middle School Educational Practices in the People's Republic of China Today: A First Hand Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper records observations made on a tour of educational settings in the People's Republic of China. Discussed are the philosophy and aims of current Chinese education, curriculum practices in the preschool, primary and middle school and in teacher training institutions, The Little Red Soldiers programs and the Children's Palaces. Educational…

Karlson, Alfred Lennart

401

Attitudes to School Science held by Primary Children in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes to science scales developed earlier in England have been used in and around a Pakistan city with children in Primary\\/Elementary Grades 4–8. The limitations of a ‘transferred scale’ in a culturally different context are apparent in a failure to reproduce the English factor patterns, but items are identified to serve as a base for future attitudinal research in Pakistan.

Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal; Tabassum Nageen; Anthony William Pell

2008-01-01

402

Drug Usage At the Secondary and Primary School Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the current literature concerning surveys of drug usage at the secondary and primary levels. It discusses how many elementary level students are fast becoming aware of the issue of drug usage due to personal experience or from interactions with friends or siblings. (Author)

Buechler, Kevin P.

1972-01-01

403

The Development of Metacognition in Primary School Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructivist ideas have influenced recent major innovations in Dutch secondary education and new curricula for reading and math in primary education, for example, pay much more attention to metacognition than before. In our study, we compared the growth of student metacognition in varying learning environments, direct instruction, and cognitive…

de Jager, Bernadet; Jansen, Margo; Reezigt, Gerry

2005-01-01

404

The Royal Society's Report on Primary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author summarises findings from the Royal Society's "state of the nation" report on 5-14 science and mathematics education in the UK. This is the Society's third report on aspects of science and mathematics education in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the first where the focus has included primary practice, policy,…

Harlen, Wynne

2010-01-01

405

Factors influencing primary school children's knowledge of wildlife  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the wildlife knowledge of primary (aged 4–12) schoolchildren. In particular, we examined the effects of children's age and gender, as well as the taxonomy and origin (indigenous versus exotic) of wildlife, on the degree of knowledge about different species.We used illustrated ‘flashcards’ of mammals, birds and arthropods, drawn randomly from a species pool. Each indigenous example was paired

Mark Huxham; Angela Welsh; Alice Berry; Stuart Templeton

2006-01-01

406

Factors Influencing Primary School Children's Knowledge of Wildlife  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the wildlife knowledge of primary (aged 4-12) schoolchildren. In particular, we examined the effects of children's age and gender, as well as the taxonomy and origin (indigenous versus exotic) of wildlife, on the degree of knowledge about different species. We used illustrated "flashcards" of mammals, birds and arthropods, drawn…

Huxham, Mark; Welsh, Angela; Berry, Alice; Templeton, Stuart

2006-01-01

407

Implementing Cooperative Learning in Australian Primary Schools: Generalist Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To implement cooperative learning successfully in practice, teachers require knowledge of cooperative learning, its features and terms, and how it functions in classrooms. This qualitative study examined 12 Australian generalist primary teachers', understandings of cooperative learning and perceived factors affecting its implementation. Using…

Hennessey, Angela; Dionigi, Rylee A.

2013-01-01

408

Primary Teachers' and Students' Understanding of School Situated Design in Canada and England  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do teachers in primary schools translate curriculum requirements for teaching design, within technology frameworks, in their primary classrooms? We call teachers' and students' designerly thinking and behaviours school situated design. The results discussed in this paper are part of a larger study that explored: the relationships between designerly thinking and behaviours situated in primary/elementary classrooms in Ontario (Canada) and England (UK); beliefs about how designing is learned in schools and how they compare to learning and designing in the real world and children's and teachers' understanding of design. Data were collected from teachers, children and designers through interviews, classroom observations and dialogue, photographs and design documents. This paper focuses on the school situated design evidence from the study - the teacher and student data - and refers only briefly to designer data to compare school activities to workplace design. We call professional designers' designerly thinking and behaviours workplace design. Similarities and differences between primary school situated design in Ontario (Canada) and England (UK) are discussed.

Hill, Ann Marie; Anning, Angela

2001-02-01

409

Primary school children's communication experiences with Twitter: a case study from Turkey.  

PubMed

This case study examines the utilization of Twitter as a communication channel among primary school children. This study tries to answer the following questions: "What are the cases for primary school children's use of Twitter for communication?" and "What are primary school children's experiences of utilizing Twitter for communication?" Participants were 7th grade students (17 female, 34 male; age 13 years) studying in a private primary school in Turkey within the 2011-12 academic year. A questionnaire, semi-structured interview, document analysis, and open ended questions were used as data collection tools. The children were invited and encouraged to use Twitter for communication. Whilst participants had some minor difficulties getting accustomed to Twitter, they managed to use Twitter for communication, a conclusion drawn from the children's responses and tweets within the study. However, the majority of children did not consider Twitter as a communication tool, and were observed to quit using Twitter once the study had ended. They found Twitter unproductive and restrictive for communication. Furthermore, Twitter's low popularity among adolescents was also a problem. This study suggests that social networking tools favored by children should be integrated into educational settings in order to maximize instructional benefits for primary school children and adolescents. PMID:23509988

Gunuc, Selim; Misirli, Ozge; Odabasi, H Ferhan

2013-06-01

410

3.3 Schools for Primary Care, Social Care and Public Health Research Version 8 (January 2014)  

E-print Network

3.3 Schools for Primary Care, Social Care and Public Health Research Version 8 (January 2014) Planned revision & re-issue date: July 2014 SCHOOLS FOR PRIMARY CARE, SOCIAL CARE AND PUBLIC HEALTH for Primary Care Research, Social Care Research and for Public Health Research contribute to this vision

Diggle, Peter J.

411

Learning about What Constitutes Effective Training from a Pilot Programme to Improve Music Education in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new primary strategy in England has raised the profile of foundation subjects, including music, yet many primary school teachers lack skills and confidence in their ability to teach music. This research explores a year-long programme of training across 16 primary schools in England that sought to improve music education. The programme involved…

Rogers, Lynne; Hallam, Susan; Creech, Andrea; Preti, Costanza

2008-01-01

412

Dialogic Practice in Primary Schools: How Primary Head Teachers Plan to Embed Philosophy for Children into the Whole School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Philosophy for Children in Schools Project is an ongoing research project to explore the impact of philosophy for children (P4C) on classroom practice. This paper reports on the responses of head teachers, teachers and local educational authority (LA) officers in South Wales, UK, to the initial training programme in Philosophy for Children…

Lyle, Sue; Thomas-Williams, Junnine

2012-01-01

413

A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2012-01-01

414

Doctors in ancient Greek and Roman rhetorical education.  

PubMed

This article collects and examines all references to doctors in rhetorical exercises used in ancient Greek and Roman schools in the Roman Empire. While doctors are sometimes portrayed positively as philanthropic, expert practitioners of their divinely sanctioned art, they are more often depicted as facing charges for poisoning their patients. PMID:22492738

Gibson, Craig A

2013-10-01

415

Greek University Students with Dyslexia: An Interview Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a study exploring the personal and educational experiences of Greek students with dyslexia in higher education. Interviews with 16 students with dyslexia (11 male and five female) were conducted to investigate how they experienced school, peer relations, labelling, family support, university, self-esteem and how they made their…

Stampoltzis, Aglaia; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula

2009-01-01

416

Religion in Greek Education in a Time of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a great number of countries religion plays an important role in public life. As far as Greece is concerned, it has always been a key element in public life including education. Religious education is a compulsory subject taught in a confessional and catechist way, while Orthodoxy saturates school culture, making the Greek educational system…

Efstathiou, Ioannis; Georgiadis, Fokion; Zisimos, Apostolos

2008-01-01

417

Educational Quality Differences in a Middle-Income Country: The Urban-Rural Gap in Malaysian Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of educational quality in rural schools remain a key focus in the literature related to developing countries. This paper studies whether rural primary schools in Malaysia, an upper middle-income developing country, are still experiencing lower levels of educational resources, school climate, school leadership, and parental involvement…

Othman, Mariam; Muijs, Daniel

2013-01-01

418

Early Greek Typography in Milan: A Historical Note on a New Greek Typeface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of Greek typography, focusing on the first book to be entirely printed in Greek in 1476 and the series of new typefaces that resulted. Cites Milan as a center of Greek printing in the early history of Greek typography. Describes a revival of one of these typefaces created under the name of Milan Greek. (PA)

Wallraff, Martin

1997-01-01

419

Faecal contamination on children's hands and environmental surfaces in primary schools in Leeds.  

PubMed Central

Gastro-intestinal diseases continue to be a major health problem in primary schools in the UK. This study, which took place in 20 primary schools in the Leeds area, investigated the presence of faecal indicator bacteria on children's hands and environmental surfaces. Faecal streptococci were used as an indicator of faecal contamination. A handwashing knowledge score was developed for each child. Those children with good hygiene knowledge had less faecal contamination on their hands (relative risk: 1.4, 95% CI = 1.09-1.81, P = 0.005). Those schools with higher hand counts were more likely to have had a reported outbreak of gastroenteritis in the past. Values of the Townsend Deprivation Index, an indicator of deprivation, were compared with the hand results and those schools in high deprivation areas had higher hand counts. Of the swabs taken from surfaces in the toilet areas and classrooms, the carpets in the classrooms were the most frequently contaminated surfaces. PMID:8557085

Kaltenthaler, E. C.; Elsworth, A. M.; Schweiger, M. S.; Mara, D. D.; Braunholtz, D. A.

1995-01-01

420

Faecal contamination on children's hands and environmental surfaces in primary schools in Leeds.  

PubMed

Gastro-intestinal diseases continue to be a major health problem in primary schools in the UK. This study, which took place in 20 primary schools in the Leeds area, investigated the presence of faecal indicator bacteria on children's hands and environmental surfaces. Faecal streptococci were used as an indicator of faecal contamination. A handwashing knowledge score was developed for each child. Those children with good hygiene knowledge had less faecal contamination on their hands (relative risk: 1.4, 95% CI = 1.09-1.81, P = 0.005). Those schools with higher hand counts were more likely to have had a reported outbreak of gastroenteritis in the past. Values of the Townsend Deprivation Index, an indicator of deprivation, were compared with the hand results and those schools in high deprivation areas had higher hand counts. Of the swabs taken from surfaces in the toilet areas and classrooms, the carpets in the classrooms were the most frequently contaminated surfaces. PMID:8557085

Kaltenthaler, E C; Elsworth, A M; Schweiger, M S; Mara, D D; Braunholtz, D A

1995-12-01

421

All Lads Together?: racism, masculinity and multicultural\\/anti?racist strategies in a primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the articulation of racism and masculinity as manifest amongst infant children in a multi?ethnic, inner?city primary school. Drawing upon a year?long ethnographic study of the school, it will highlight some of the inherent problems of multicultural\\/anti?racist strategies which are not sufficiendy grounded in an understanding of racism and how it complexly interrelates with other systems of inequality,

Paul Connolly

1994-01-01

422

Portuguese Primary School Children's Conceptions about Digestion: Identification of Learning Obstacles. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional study of Portuguese primary school pupils' conceptions on digestion and the digestive tract was carried out before and after teaching this topic. Pupils of the prior four school years (5/6 to 9/10 year old) drew what happens to a cookie inside their body. In some cases they also wrote a short text or were interviewed. To identify…

Carvalho, Graca; Silva, Rui; Lima, Nelson; Coquet, Eduarda; Clement, Pierre

2004-01-01

423

School-Based Primary Prevention of Depressive Symptomatology in AdolescentsFindings from Two Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two school-based primary prevention interventions for adolescent depressive symptomatology and disorder were examined in separate studies with high school samples of 9th and 10th-grade adolescents. In Study 1, a three-session educational intervention was associated with a short-term reduction in extreme-scoring cases of depressive symptoms among boys, but not girls, when compared to a randomly assigned control condition. However, this effect

Gregory N. Clarke; Wesley Hawkins; Mary Murphy; Lisa Sheeber

1993-01-01

424

Changes in Learning Environment during the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study used learning environment variables in investigating changes occurring as students transfer from primary to secondary\\u000a school, including the role of student sex and school size pathway as influencing factors in changes in learning environment\\u000a perceptions. The My Class Inventory (MCI) and Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) were used in two data-gathering stages,\\u000a one in the penultimate month of

Peter D. Ferguson; Barry J. Fraser

1998-01-01

425

The Impact of Personal Background and School Contextual Factors on Academic Competence and Mental Health Functioning across the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

PubMed Central

Students negotiate the transition to secondary school in different ways. While some thrive on the opportunity, others are challenged. A prospective longitudinal design was used to determine the contribution of personal background and school contextual factors on academic competence (AC) and mental health functioning (MHF) of 266 students, 6-months before and after the transition to secondary school. Data from 197 typically developing students and 69 students with a disability were analysed using hierarchical linear regression modelling. Both in primary and secondary school, students with a disability and from socially disadvantaged backgrounds gained poorer scores for AC and MHF than their typically developing and more affluent counterparts. Students who attended independent and mid-range sized primary schools had the highest concurrent AC. Those from independent primary schools had the lowest MHF. The primary school organisational model significantly influenced post-transition AC scores; with students from Kindergarten - Year 7 schools reporting the lowest scores, while those from the Kindergarten - Year 12 structure without middle school having the highest scores. Attending a school which used the Kindergarten - Year 12 with middle school structure was associated with a reduction in AC scores across the transition. Personal background factors accounted for the majority of the variability in post-transition AC and MHF. The contribution of school contextual factors was relatively minor. There is a potential opportunity for schools to provide support to disadvantaged students before the transition to secondary school, as they continue to be at a disadvantage after the transition. PMID:24608366

Vaz, Sharmila; Parsons, Richard; Falkmer, Torbjorn; Passmore, Anne Elizabeth; Falkmer, Marita

2014-01-01

426

Developing a Study Orientation Questionnaire in Mathematics for primary school students.  

PubMed

The Study Orientation Questionnaire in Mathematics (Primary) is being developed as a diagnostic measure for South African teachers and counsellors to help primary school students improve their orientation towards the study of mathematics. In this study, participants were primary school students in the North-West Province of South Africa. During the standardisation in 2007, 1,013 students (538 boys: M age = 12.61; SD = 1.53; 555 girls: M age = 11.98; SD = 1.35; 10 missing values) were assessed. Factor analysis yielded three factors. Analysis also showed satisfactory reliability coefficients and item-factor correlations. Step-wise linear regression indicated that three factors (Mathematics anxiety, Study attitude in mathematics, and Study habits in mathematics) contributed significantly (R2 = .194) to predicting achievement in mathematics as measured by the Basic Mathematics Questionnaire (Primary). PMID:19610472

Maree, Jacobus G; Van der Walt, Martha S; Ellis, Suria M

2009-04-01

427

[Greek nannies in Rome?].  

PubMed

In Roman society, parents often entrusted their newborn to a wet nurse, usually a slave or a lower-class freeborn woman, who normally lived with them. It was advised to choose with care the right person, as milk is not a neutral bodily substance but transmits many properties, physical and moral. Soranus devotes an entire chapter to the meticulous inspection of the nurse's milk and temper. The nurse's character must be checked as thoroughly as her physical health. The mind of the newborn, compared with wax, is from the start and forever impressed positively or negatively. Mnesitheus and others even advise choosing a woman resembling physically the mother, or a handsome person; Favorinus and others reject violently the recourse to wet nursing as immoral; submitting the child to the pernicious influence of a foreign non-kin person implies the destruction of family ties. Wet nurses had to follow a specific diet and to accept giving up their sexual life, which would corrupt the milk in case of a new pregnancy. Roman upper-class families attributed different qualities to nurses according to their ethnic origin: Egyptians were allegedly fond of children, Thracians robust and devoted, Spartans tough. The best were the Greeks, because they would teach Greek language - and culture - to their nurslings. The nurse's social function was extensive. Her role did not stop at the weaning period. Much evidence shows that she was a lifelong companion. In positive circumstances, she could construct non-kin relationships and became, through connections not of blood but of milk, a member of an extended family. Funerary inscriptions and literary sources show that some nurses were rewarded by freedom. Breast-feeding also created milk-ties between the nurslings, who could gain social elevation thanks to this bonding. PMID:21744536

Dasen, Véronique

2010-01-01

428

Subject-verb agreement, object clitics and wh-questions in bilingual French-Greek SLI: the case study of a French-Greek-speaking child with SLI.  

PubMed

In this study we investigate the linguistic performance of a school age French-Greek simultaneous bilingual boy with specific language impairment (SLI) on the production of subject-verb agreement, object clitic pronouns and wh-questions. In addition, we compare his performance on these linguistic structures with that of two French-Greek bilingual children with typical development matched on language age. Furthermore, we discuss the performance of the child with SLI in the light of published data from monolingual French and Greek school-age children with SLI, as reported in the relevant literature. The results indicated that the performance of the bilingual French-Greek-speaking child with SLI was highly comparable to that of bilingual French-Greek typically developing children and monolingual children with SLI speaking French or Greek. In addition, the results revealed a language effect on the performance of the bilingual child with SLI on subject-verb agreement, object clitics and wh-questions. We adopt a comparative linguistic approach to interpret the results and argue that the specific linguistic properties of Greek and French were significant determinants for the manifestation of SLI in each language. We suggest that bilingualism per se did not aggravate the language deficits in this child with SLI. Finally, we discuss the clinical implications of our study for language intervention in bilingual individuals with SLI. PMID:21469971

Stavrakaki, Stavroula; Chrysomallis, Marie-Annick; Petraki, Evangelia

2011-05-01

429

Non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers’ confidence in teaching music in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has revealed that non-music specialist trainee primary school teachers lack confidence in teaching music in spite of changes to teacher training and the introduction of music in the National Curriculum in England. The current study investigated the effects on non-music specialist trainee primary teachers’ confidence to teach music in the classroom after having experienced six keyboard-based ‘blues activities’

Frederick Seddon; Michele Biasutti

2008-01-01

430

Access to Waterless Hand Sanitizer Improves Student Hand Hygiene Behavior in Primary Schools in Nairobi, Kenya  

PubMed Central

Handwashing is difficult in settings with limited resources and water access. In primary schools within urban Kibera, Kenya, we investigated the impact of providing waterless hand sanitizer on student hand hygiene behavior. Two schools received a waterless hand sanitizer intervention, two schools received a handwashing with soap intervention, and two schools received no intervention. Hand cleaning behavior after toilet use was monitored for 2 months using structured observation. Hand cleaning after toileting was 82% at sanitizer schools (N = 2,507 toileting events), 38% at soap schools (N = 3,429), and 37% at control schools (N = 2,797). Students at sanitizer schools were 23% less likely to have observed rhinorrhea than control students (P = 0.02); reductions in student-reported gastrointestinal and respiratory illness symptoms were not statistically significant. Providing waterless hand sanitizer markedly increased student hand cleaning after toilet use, whereas the soap intervention did not. Waterless hand sanitizer may be a promising option to improve student hand cleansing behavior, particularly in schools with limited water access. PMID:23836575

Pickering, Amy J.; Davis, Jennifer; Blum, Annalise G.; Scalmanini, Jenna; Oyier, Beryl; Okoth, George; Breiman, Robert F.; Ram, Pavani K.

2013-01-01

431

Bullying and Victimization Experiences in Elementary School Students Nominated by Their Teachers for Specific Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to investigate self-reported bullying and victimization experiences among students nominated by their teachers as meeting the criteria for Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). A total of 346 students attending the upper three grade-levels of Greek primary schools participated in the study. Fifty of them were identified by their…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Antoniadou, Nafsika

2013-01-01

432

Inclusive Education for Students with Refugee Experience: Whole School Reform in a South Australian Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been an increase in students with refugee experience in the UK, the US, Europe and Australia. These students face many barriers to education, and appropriately educating this diverse student population presents many challenges to schools and education departments. We argue that a whole of school approach that includes…

Pugh, Karen; Every, Danielle; Hattam, Robert

2012-01-01

433

Malnutrition in China's rural boarding schools: the case of primary schools in Shaanxi Province  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western rural China, this paper finds that dormitory

Renfu Luo; Yaojiang Shi; Linxiu Zhang; Chengfang Liu; Scott Rozelle; Brian Sharbono

2009-01-01

434

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: The Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyse the difference in nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets on boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western…

Luo, Renfu; Shi, Yaojiang; Zhang, Linxiu; Liu, Chengfang; Rozelle, Scott; Sharbono, Brian

2009-01-01

435

Active and Passive Commuting to School: Influences on Affect in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active commuting among school children is being encouraged for physical and environmental reasons, but little is known about its influence on affect. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that children who walk further to school experience increased arousal and affective valence compared with children who walk a short distance. This was…

Hulley, Angela; Bentley, Nick; Clough, Catherine; Fishlock, Adelle; Morrell, Frances; O'Brien, James; Radmore, Joseph

2008-01-01

436

Evaluation of the Massage in Schools Programme in One Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the potential benefits of the Massage in Schools Programme (MISP), a programme originating in Scandinavia, which has been introduced into schools in the United Kingdom (UK) since 2001. Meeting four out of five outcomes of the Every Child Matters agenda, the review of the literature aims to separate anecdotal and media…

Marsh, Lesley J.

2011-01-01

437

Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

Moyi, Peter

2013-01-01

438

Hand Sanitiser Provision for Reducing Illness Absences in Primary School Children: A Cluster Randomised Trial  

PubMed Central

Background The potential for transmission of infectious diseases offered by the school environment are likely to be an important contributor to the rates of infectious disease experienced by children. This study aimed to test whether the addition of hand sanitiser in primary school classrooms compared with usual hand hygiene would reduce illness absences in primary school children in New Zealand. Methods and Findings This parallel-group cluster randomised trial took place in 68 primary schools, where schools were allocated using restricted randomisation (1?1 ratio) to the intervention or control group. All children (aged 5 to 11 y) in attendance at participating schools received an in-class hand hygiene education session. Schools in the intervention group were provided with alcohol-based hand sanitiser dispensers in classrooms for the winter school terms (27 April to 25 September 2009). Control schools received only the hand hygiene education session. The primary outcome was the number of absence episodes due to any illness among 2,443 follow-up children whose caregivers were telephoned after each absence from school. Secondary outcomes measured among follow-up children were the number of absence episodes due to specific illness (respiratory or gastrointestinal), length of illness and illness absence episodes, and number of episodes where at least one other member of the household became ill subsequently (child or adult). We also examined whether provision of sanitiser was associated with experience of a skin reaction. The number of absences for any reason and the length of the absence episode were measured in all primary school children enrolled at the schools. Children, school administrative staff, and the school liaison research assistants were not blind to group allocation. Outcome assessors of follow-up children were blind to group allocation. Of the 1,301 and 1,142 follow-up children in the hand sanitiser and control groups, respectively, the rate of absence episodes due to illness per 100 child-days was similar (1.21 and 1.16, respectively, incidence rate ratio 1.06, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.18). The provision of an alcohol-based hand sanitiser dispenser in classrooms was not effective in reducing rates of absence episodes due to respiratory or gastrointestinal illness, the length of illness or illness absence episodes, or the rate of subsequent infection for other members of the household in these children. The percentage of children experiencing a skin reaction was similar (10.4% hand sanitiser versus 10.3% control, risk ratio 1.01, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.30). The rate or length of absence episodes for any reason measured for all children also did not differ between groups. Limitations of the study include that the study was conducted during an influenza pandemic, with associated public health messaging about hand hygiene, which may have increased hand hygiene among all children and thereby reduced any additional effectiveness of sanitiser provision. We did not quite achieve the planned sample size of 1,350 follow-up children per group, although we still obtained precise estimates of the intervention effects. Also, it is possible that follow-up children were healthier than non-participating eligible children, with therefore less to gain from improved hand hygiene. However, lack of effectiveness of hand sanitiser provision on the rate of absences among all children suggests that this may not be the explanation. Conclusions The provision of hand sanitiser in addition to usual hand hygiene in primary schools in New Zealand did not prevent disease of severity sufficient to cause school absence. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000478213 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:25117155

Audas, Rick; Poore, Marion; Brunton, Cheryl; Reeves, Lesley

2014-01-01

439

Streptococcus pneumoniae in Saliva of Dutch Primary School Children  

PubMed Central

While nasopharyngeal sampling is the gold standard for the detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage, historically seen, saliva sampling also seems highly sensitive for pneumococcal detection. We investigated S. pneumoniae carriage in saliva from fifty schoolchildren by conventional and molecular methods. Saliva was first culture-enriched for pneumococci, after which, DNA was extracted from all bacterial growth and tested by quantitative-PCR (qPCR) for pneumococcus-specific genes lytA and piaA. Next, serotype composition of the samples was determined by serotype-specific qPCRs, conventional-PCRs (cPCR) and sequencing of cPCR amplicons. Although only 2 (4%) of 50 samples were positive by conventional diagnostic culture, 44 (88%) were positive for pneumococci by qPCR. In total, we detected the presence of at least 81 pneumococcal strains representing 20 serotypes in samples from 44 carriers with 23 carriers (52%) positive for multiple (up to 6) serotypes. The number of serotypes detected per sample correlated with pneumococcal abundance. This study shows that saliva could be used as a tool for future pneumococcal surveillance studies. Furthermore, high rates of pneumococcal carriage and co-carriage of multiple pneumococcal strains together with a large number of serotypes in circulation suggests a ubiquitous presence of S. pneumoniae in saliva of school-aged children. Our results also suggest that factors promoting pneumococcal carriage within individual hosts may weaken competitive interactions between S. pneumoniae strains. PMID:25013895

Wyllie, Anne L.; Chu, Mei Ling J. N.; Schellens, Marielle H. B.; van Engelsdorp Gastelaars, Jody; Jansen, Marc D.; van der Ende, Arie; Bogaert, Debby; Sanders, Elisabeth A. M.; Trzcinski, Krzysztof

2014-01-01

440

Designing Space for Sports and Arts: Design Guidelines for Sports and Arts Facilities in Primary Schools for Dual School and Community Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers general design proposal guidance for sports and arts spaces in England's primary schools, where these types of spaces can be used by both school and community members. The guide also presents case studies to provide examples of good practice. The primary shared space for sports and arts activities is the multipurpose main hall,…

Young, Eleanor

441

Primary Care and Nonprimary Care Physicians' Concerns in Practice and Perceptions of Medical School Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study is to address the issue of physicians' concerns in practice and their perception of a medical school's curriculum with an emphasis on comparisons between primary and nonprimary care physicians. The sample consisted of 663 physicians who graduated from Jefferson Medical College (JMC) between 1982 and 1986, and also responded to a mailed questionnaire. Comparisons

Gang Xu; Mohammadreza Hojat; Timothy P. Brigham; Mary R. Robeson; J. Jon Veloski

1994-01-01

442

Determining the Performances of Pre-Service Primary School Teachers in Problem Posing Situations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the problem posing strategies of pre-service primary school teachers in different problem posing situations (PPSs) and analysed the issues they encounter while posing problems. A problem posing task consisting of six PPSs (two free, two structured, and two semi-structured situations) was delivered to 40 participants.…

Kilic, Cigdem

2013-01-01

443

New directions in the moral education curriculum in Chinese primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis is presented of the problems that have existed for over 20 years in the moral education curriculum in primary schools of China. These include the separation of moral education from children's lives, the moralizing and memorization used as the basic methods of teaching and learning, and the overlaps between courses on society and ideological moral character. The paper

Lu Jie; Gao Desheng

2004-01-01

444

Health Imperatives in Primary Schools across Three Countries: Intersections of Class, Culture and Subjectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we want to focus on the impact of the new health imperatives on young children attending primary schools because the evidence from both our own and others work suggests that younger and younger children are talking in very negative and disturbing ways about themselves and their bodies. We see this in a context where in the name of…

Wright, Jan; Burrows, Lisette; Rich, Emma

2012-01-01

445

Teacher perceptions of classroom management and problematic behaviors in primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to determine and evaluate the problematic behaviors teachers that work in primary schools encounter in classroom management, the reasons of these behaviors and the methods, activities they use to cope with these behaviors, and their ideas and thoughts regarding classroom management. The interview method which is one of the qualitative research methods has been

Semra Demir

2009-01-01

446

Effects of a "Learn to Think" Intervention Programme on Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Methods for teaching thinking may be described as out-of-context or infusion. Both approaches have potential to raise students' general cognitive processing ability and so raise academic achievement, but each has disadvantages. Aims: To describe and evaluate a theory-based learn to think (LTT) curriculum for primary school students,…

Hu, Weiping; Adey, Philip; Jia, Xiaojuan; Liu, Jia; Zhang, Lei; Li, Jing; Dong, Xiaomei

2011-01-01

447

The Primary School Dropout in Spain: The Influence of Family Background and Labor Market Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most outstanding event in the Spanish education system in the past two decades has been the overall improvement of enrolment in all educational levels. However, the primary school dropout rate in Spain is relatively high, and the evidence indicates that being a dropout is a permanent condition. This is the first study on dropouts in Spain, and it uses

Carlos Peraita; Margarita Pastor

2000-01-01

448

Home Language and Language Proficiency; A Large-Scale Longitudinal Study in Dutch Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a large-scale longitudinal study into the development of language proficiency of Dutch primary school children aged 7-10. Data on language proficiency and a range of background variables were analyzed. Results suggest that while immigrant children develop their language skill in Dutch considerably over 2 years, they are nonetheless…

Driessen, Geert; van der Slik, Frans; De Bot, Kees

2002-01-01

449

Sex?typed behaviour in the primary school: the significance of contrasting explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with explanations of sex?typed behaviour in primary school children. Three explanations are considered. The first is in terms of social pressures to conform to the norms of society. The second focuses on children's intellectual commitment to the ‘truth’ of gender stereotypes, whilst the third is an amalgam of the first two. It is argued that these

Geoffrey Short

1993-01-01

450

Primary School Teacher Interpersonal Behavior through the Lens of Students' Eysenckian Personality Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the association between students' Eysenckian personality traits and their perceptions of teacher interpersonal behavior. A sample of 273 Cypriot public primary school fifth and sixth graders, as well as their teachers participated in the study. Students completed a three-part self-report questionnaire of: (a) a…

Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Charalambous, Kyriakos; Davazoglou, Aggeliki

2010-01-01

451

The Teaching of African Traditional Religion in Primary Schools in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimbabwe's Education Ministry recommended the teaching of African Traditional Religion in recognition of its multi-religious society. This study sought to establish the extent to which African Traditional Religion is taught in primary schools, the challenges faced by teachers, and opportunities for promoting its teaching. A descriptive survey…

Marashe, Joel; Ndamba, Gamuchirai Tsitsiozashe; Chireshe, Excellent

2009-01-01

452

Cultivating Reputations: The Social Goal of Western Australian Primary School Bullies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: This research sought to determine the significance of reputation in the lives of bullies particularly in relation to the social purposes it serves and the goals that are met through its enhancement. Method: One hundred and thirty-two (62 males and 70 females) Western Australian Grades 5, 6 and 7 primary school children completed the…

Nathan, Elijah; Houghton, Stephen; Tan, Carol; Carroll, Annemaree

2011-01-01

453

Ego Depletion Effects on Mathematics Performance in Primary School Students: Why Take the Hard Road?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reduction in performance level following on from brief periods of self-control is referred to as ego depletion. This study aimed to investigate if a brief ego depletion experience would impact upon primary school students working through an online mathematics exercise involving 40 computational trials. Seventy-two students participated in the…

Price, Deborah Ann; Yates, Gregory C. R.

2010-01-01

454

Factors Affecting the Motivation of Hong Kong Primary School Students in Composing Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports students' motivation changes after they were guided to compose. A total of 582 students in five primary schools responded to a set of pre- and post-activity questionnaires before and after participating in composing activities. A univariate ANOVA and a series of repeated measures ANOVAs were used to compare the mean scores…

Leung, Bo Wah

2008-01-01

455

Educational Challenges of Internal Migrant Girls: A Case Study among Primary School Children in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to investigate education-related challenges encountered by internal migrant girls studying at primary schools in Turkey. From the perspectives of participants, the emerging themes included adaptation, language, low socio-economic status, peer relations, discrimination and bullying. These challenges seem to have direct or…

Altinyelken, Hulya Kosar

2009-01-01

456

Research engagement and educational decentralisation: problematising primary school English teachers’ research experiences in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers are encouraged to enhance professional competence through reflective practice and they are also asked to undertake research to generate evidence for their professional practices. This paper reports on an inquiry into a group of primary school English language teachers’ research engagement in the province of Guangdong on the Chinese mainland. The inquiry explored the effect of educational reforms on

Xuesong Gao; Gary Barkhuizen; Alice Wai Kwan Chow

2011-01-01

457

Adapting science performance tasks developed in different countries for use in Irish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a four-year project undertaken to develop a set of performance tasks that could be used for assessing hands-on science in Irish primary schools. It begins by considering some of the literature on performance assessment and concludes with a discussion on the potential of the tasks to support teaching and learning in science. The main body of the

Paula Kilfeather; Michael OLeary; Janet Varley

2006-01-01

458

Naming the ‘other’: children’s construction and experience of racisms in Irish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the construction and experience of racisms among a sample of primary school children in Ireland during a period of intensive immigration. Placing children’s voices at the centre of the analysis, it explores how children’s constructions draw upon discourses of ‘norm’ and ‘other’ in relation to national identity and cultural belonging. Constructions of minority ethnic groups are located

Dympna Devine; Mairin Kenny; Eileen Macneela

2008-01-01

459

Distribution of Primary School Enrollments in Eastern Africa. World Bank Staff Working Papers Number 511.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distribution of primary school enrollments within and among 15 countries of the Eastern African region was examined by drawing exclusively on routine annual statistics and by emphasizing simple computer-generated indicators. In its first phase, the study made inter-country comparisons that indicated which countries and which areas in the region…

Maas, Jacob van Lutsenburg; Criel, Geert

460

Girls in Primary School Science Classrooms: Theorising beyond Dominant Discourses of Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the ways girls appropriate gender through actions, gesture and talk to achieve things in primary school science classrooms. It draws on socio-cultural approaches to show that when everyday classroom practices are viewed from multiple planes of analysis, historical, institutional and in the micro dynamics of classroom…

Cervoni, Cleti; Ivinson, Gabrielle

2011-01-01

461

Children Excluded from Primary School: An Effect of Quasi-Markets in Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exclusion of students from primary school has attracted only minimal attention from researchers. Exclusion has become an imprecise and confusing term. Exclusion can be of 3 types: fixed term (3 days or less), indefinite, and permanent. In England, education is increasingly becoming a quasi-market in that individual competitive organizations…

Hayden, Carol

462

An Experimental Project on Energy Education for Rural Women, Primary School Children and Teachers Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the University of Baroda's (India) Rural/Tribal Block Placement Program's major aims during the year 1988-89 was to develop energy consciousness in women, primary school children and teachers. An experimental project was designed for a rural Indian village. The objectives were to obtain information on rural energy resources; assess the role…

Pathak, Yogini; Mankodi, Hina

463

Exploring mathematical identity as a tool for self- reflection amongst pre-service primary school teachers: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of students' mathematical identity was carr ied out in February 2009 involving participants from two colleges of education, one in Dublin (Republic of Ireland) and one in Belfast (Northern Ireland). All participants were p re-service primary school teachers in the third year of their B.Ed. programme, having chosen to spe cialize in mathematics. Data was gathered using a

Patricia Eaton; Maurice OReilly

464

Perceived Social Support from Friends as Determinant of Loneliness in a Sample of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The peer group is the important social network in children's lives and has a high predictive value of an individual's later social and emotional adjustment. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the perceived social support from friends as predictor of the loneliness for primary school students. Two tools were used for data gathering.…

Kalkan, Melek; Epli-Koc, Hatice

2011-01-01

465

Relation of Home Chaos to Cognitive Performance and Behavioral Adjustment of Pakistani Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent findings from Western developed countries have linked home chaos to children's cognitive performance and behavioral problems. In the present paper we test whether the same pattern of associations can be replicated in a non-Western developing country. Our sample was 203 Pakistani primary school children. To assess home chaos the Confusion,…

Shamama-tus-Sabah, Syeda; Gilani, Nighat; Wachs, Theodore D.

2011-01-01

466

Analysis of the effect of educational games on primary school students’ audacity level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Game; reflects the audacity level and inner world of child more realisticly. Thus it becomes possible to observe the real personality of child with its mistakes, weaknesses, inventions, abilities and tendencies. Our intention in this research is to investigate the effect of educational games on the audacity level of students studying at the primary schools.Research group is consisted of 50

Murat Tekin; Özden Ta???n

2009-01-01

467

Assessing the Universal Basic Education Primary and Koranic Schools' Synergy for "Almajiri" Street Boys in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how Nigeria's current Universal Basic Education on primary schooling targets Muslim "Almajiri" street boys for basic literacy acquisition. The paper examines the policy's management implementation practices and challenges, as well as provides policy options that may minimize discrepancies for effective…

Usman, Lantana M.

2008-01-01

468

The Perceptions of Senior Management Teams' (SMTs) Dominant Leadership Styles in Selected Botswana Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, which was funded by the office of research and development (ORD) in the University of Botswana, surveyed 65 primary schools in South Central region in Botswana, which aimed at establishing the perceptions of senior management teams dominant leadership style. The study was done in three phases; the first phase started in June 2008 to…

Mhozya, C. M.

2010-01-01

469

English and French Pedagogical Cultures: Convergence and Divergence in Cameroonian Primary School Teachers' Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article approaches the phenomenon of the continuing influence of French and English pedagogical cultures in Africa relying on post-modern notions of time and space. It reports on a project carried out in Cameroon where both cultures are in contact and where the teachers from two primary schools were observed and interviewed over a period of…

Esch, Edith

2012-01-01

470

Families as Primary Partners in their Child's Development and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this tool kit is to provide guidance, resource materials and references that will assist communities in working with families as primary partners in their child's development and school readiness. By recognizing and building the capacity of parents as their child's first educator and engaging parents as decision makers for their…

Seitzinger Hepburn, Kathy

2004-01-01

471

Generalist Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Primary School Music Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study focuses on the music teaching experiences of five Australian generalist primary school teachers in their third year of teaching. The aim was to identify these teachers' current practices in teaching music, in particular their self-efficacy in relation to teaching music. A narrative inquiry methodology was employed,…

de Vries, Peter

2013-01-01

472

From Policy to Practice?: The Reality of Play in Primary School Classes in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more countries align their curricular frameworks with play-based and experiential pedagogies, this paper provides a critical insight into the benefits and challenges that arise in practice when a play-based approach to learning and teaching becomes a political directive in Northern Ireland primary schools. Drawing on socio-constructivist and…

Hunter, Thelma; Walsh, Glenda

2014-01-01

473

Development of Rapid Temporal Processing and Its Impact on Literacy Skills in Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a longitudinal study, auditory and visual temporal order thresholds (TOTs) were investigated in primary school children (N = 236; mean age at first data point = 6;7) at the beginning of Grade 1 and the end of Grade 2 to test whether rapid temporal processing abilities predict reading and spelling at the end of Grades 1 and 2. Auditory and…

Steinbrink, Claudia; Zimmer, Karin; Lachmann, Thomas; Dirichs, Martin; Kammer, Thomas

2014-01-01

474

Project-Based Learning in Primary Schools: Effects on Pupils' Learning and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses upon the effectiveness of project-based learning on primary school pupils regarding their content knowledge and attitudes towards self-efficacy, task value, group work, teaching methods applied and peers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. A cross-curricular project was implemented within the curriculum area of environmental…

Kaldi, Stavroula; Filippatou, Diamanto; Govaris, Christos

2011-01-01

475

The Development of Students' Use of Additive and Proportional Methods along Primary and Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the development of proportional and additive methods along primary and secondary school. In particular, it simultaneously investigates the use of additive methods in proportional word problems and the use of proportional methods in additive word problems. We have also studied the role played by integer and non-integer…

Fernandez, Ceneida; Llinares, Salvador; Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven

2012-01-01

476

Physical Education in Primary Schools: Classroom Teachers' Perceptions of Benefits and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine the perceptions of classroom teachers regarding the benefits and outcomes of their PE programs. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Thirty eight randomly selected primary schools in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Method: A mixed-mode methodology was utilized, incorporating semi-structured…

Morgan, Philip J.; Hansen, Vibeke

2008-01-01

477

Teacher Perceptions of Non-Compliance in Rural Primary Schools in New South Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, teachers from primary schools in a rural district of New South Wales were surveyed about their views on non-compliant behaviour, its frequency in the classroom and its effect on classroom management. Teachers generally agreed on definitions of moderate to serious non-compliant behaviours but some teachers rated minor non-compliant…

Reynolds, Kim; Stephenson, Jennifer; Beaman, Robyn

2011-01-01

478

Is Privacy at Risk when Commercial Websites Target Primary School Children? A Case Study in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses privacy risk factors when commercial web sites target primary school children in Korea. Specifically, the authors examined types of personal information required for membership subscriptions and whether privacy policies at commercial sites for children abide by privacy guidelines. A total of 159 commercial sites targeting…

Kim, Sora; Yi, Soon-Hyung

2010-01-01

479

Investigating Students Misbehavior in Classroom Management in State and Private Primary Schools with a Comparative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research aims to showing the students misbehaviors in formal and private primary schools according to the perceptions of class teachers working in Kayseri in 2006-2007 academic year The data has been collected with the questionnaire developed by the researcher based on review survey and expert ideas. Questionnaire is applied to 245 teachers in…

Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

2010-01-01

480

Naming the "Other": Children's Construction and Experience of Racisms in Irish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the construction and experience of racisms among a sample of primary school children in Ireland during a period of intensive immigration. Placing children's voices at the centre of the analysis, it explores how children's constructions draw upon discourses of "norm" and "other" in relation to national identity and cultural…

Devine, Dympna; Kenny, Mairin; Macneela, Eileen

2008-01-01

481

The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

2012-01-01

482

Rates of Cyber Victimization and Bullying among Male Australian Primary and High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence and nature of electronic forms of bullying (cyberbullying) was investigated among 1,530 primary and secondary school aged male students (Years 6 to 12; 9-18 years, chronologically) in Sydney and Brisbane, Australia. Findings revealed that victimization via the Internet was the most common form of cyberbullying with 11.5 percent of…

Sakellariou, Tass; Carroll, Annemaree; Houghton, Stephen

2012-01-01

483

Retrospection and Inspiration of Green Education Campaign in Chinese Primary and Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to improve the quality and popularity of environmental education in China, the State Education Commission (now Ministry of Education), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and British Petroleum (BP) (China) have reached an agreement on the launch of the project named the Primary and Secondary School Environmental Education Campaign. This project…

Yu, Huang; Qing, Tian

2004-01-01

484

Parental Views of Food-Safety Education in a Japanese Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined Japanese mothers' satisfaction with food-safety education in primary schools, compared the characteristics of mothers who were not satisfied, and identified topics that should be included in food-safety education, according to mothers. Design: An online survey was conducted in March 2011 in Japan. The…

Horikawa, Haruka; Akamatsu, Rie; Horiguchi, Itsuko; Marui, Eiji

2013-01-01

485

Building Secure Attachments for Primary School Children: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the wide implications of attachment theory there remains a lack of research exploring interventions which encapsulate the principles of an attachment-based framework in the school context. The aim of this research was to address this gap by implementing an intervention for a group of five primary-aged pupils with identified insecure…

Ubha, Neerose; Cahill, Sharon

2014-01-01

486

Keeping Teachers Happy: Job Satisfaction among Primary School Teachers in Rural Northwest China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a study of teacher job satisfaction in impoverished rural areas in northwest China, the authors examine the factors leading to satisfaction among teachers serving poor rural communities. A survey of rural primary school teachers, principals, and village leaders conducted in the year 2000 in Gansu is analyzed. In this article, the authors…

Sargent, Tanja; Hannum, Emily

2005-01-01

487

Alcohol and Young People: a case for supporting education about alcohol in primary and secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that education about alcohol should take place in primary and secondary schools. It begins by reviewing children's experience of alcohol, reporting the prevalence of alcohol consumption amongst young people and research which suggests relationships between teenagers who drink heavily and the use of tobacco, illicit drugs and other forms of risk taking behaviours. Alcohol consumption commences at

John Lloyd

1996-01-01

488

Homework Involvement and Functions: Perceptions of Hong Kong Chinese Primary School Students and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the perceptions of Chinese students and parents in Hong Kong on homework involvement, assignment type and homework functions. The relationships of homework perceptions to student and parent attributes are also assessed. The sample includes 1393 pairs of students and their parents from 36 primary schools in Hong Kong. Findings…

Tam, Vicky C. W.; Chan, Raymond M. C.

2011-01-01

489

Earth and Beyond. Teacher Support for Science in the National Curriculum for Primary and Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The material in this book was devised in answer to a need expressed by many teachers, especially in primary (elementary) schools, for support in the teaching of astronomy. These projects and activities are aimed at fulfilling the requirements of the National Curriculum in England and Wales and the 5-14 Guidelines in Scotland. Each activity gives…

Pickwick, Alan

490

Parametric Pedagogy: Integrating Parametric CAD in Irish Post-Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology education in Irish post-primary schools is undergoing significant change. In recent years the syllabi of all technology-related subjects have been revised. A new subject, Design and Communication Graphics, has replaced the traditional Technical Drawing subject. This new subject aims to develop students' spatial awareness and graphical…

McGarr, Oliver; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

491

Creative partnerships? Cultural policy and inclusive arts practice in one primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article traces the ‘cultural turn’ in UK educational policy through an analysis of the Creative Partnerships policy (New Labour's ‘flagship programme in the cultural education field’) and a consideration of an arts project funded under this initiative in one primary school. It argues that current educational policy foregrounds the economic importance of cultural activity and its contribution to the

Christine Hall; Pat Thomson

2007-01-01

492

What Matters to Girls and Boys in a Black Primary School in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the construction of gender identities among young boys and girls in a black primary school. Against the backdrop of food insecurity, young boys' and girls' vulnerability to violence and to using violence as a means of getting food is increased. Violence is a clear manifestation of gender inequalities. Drawing on data…

Bhana, Deevia

2005-01-01

493

Portuguese Primary School Teachers' Conceptions and Obstacles to Sex Education in Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers' conceptions are a product of the interaction between their scientific knowledge, systems of values, and social and professional practices. Obstacles to teaching sex education may have several origins. This research intends to identify primary school teachers' conceptions and obstacles to teach sex education, more precisely, teachers' opinions and perceptions of difficulties, fears and supports and the contextual factors that

Zélia ANASTÁCIO; Graça CARVALHO; Pierre CLÉMENT

494

Listening to Children's Voices: Moral Emotional Attributions in Relation to Primary School Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored 10- and 11-year-old students' (N = 64) moral emotional attributions in relation to other and self in peer-to-peer bullying scenarios in primary school. Data were gathered using one-to-one semi-structured interviews facilitated by the use of a series of pictorial vignettes depicting a hypothetical story of peer bullying. The…

Jennifer, Dawn; Cowie, Helen

2012-01-01

495

A Curriculum Guide for Primary and Intermediate Special Education in the Opelika City Schools. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a curriculum guide for primary and intermediate special education in the areas of communication skills, arithmetic, science, and physical education. The guide, prepared by the Opelika (Alabama) schools, is said to be based on assumptions such as the values of structured individualized learning, use of materials which do not require…

Opelika City Schools, AL.

496

Motivation in Physical Education across the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the temporal patterns of approach-avoidance achievement goals, implicit theories of ability and perceived competence in physical education across the transition from primary to secondary school. We also evaluated the predictive utility of implicit theories and perceived competence with regard to achievement…

Warburton, Victoria; Spray, Christopher

2008-01-01

497

Motivation in physical education across the primary—secondary school transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the temporal patterns of approach-avoidance achievement goals, implicit theories of ability and perceived competence in physical education across the transition from primary to secondary school. We also evaluated the predictive utility of implicit theories and perceived competence with regard to achievement goal adoption, and determined the moderating influence of gender on temporal

Victoria Warburton; Christopher Spray

2008-01-01

498

Factors Influencing Hand Washing Behaviour in Primary Schools: Process Evaluation within a Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores factors that may influence hand washing behaviour among pupils and staff in primary schools. A qualitative process evaluation within a cluster randomized controlled trial included pupil focus groups (n = 16, aged 6-11 years), semi-structured interviews (n = 16 teachers) and observations of hand washing facilities (n = 57).…

Chittleborough, Catherine R.; Nicholson, Alexandra L.; Basker, Elaine; Bell, Sarah; Campbell, Rona

2012-01-01

499

A Multi-Cultural Interaction through Video Conferencing in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Turkish and Canadian primary school students' ways of expressing their perception of cultural understanding through video conferencing and that of cultural interaction through video conferencing. The qualitative research data were collected in the form of interviews. The results obtained were analyzed and interpreted based…

Duygu Eristi, Suzan

2012-01-01

500

Indigenous Studies and Intercultural Education: The Impact of a Place-Based Primary-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a student-impact assessment of a model two-year place-based intercultural approach to indigenous education. Students at Lewis & Clark Primary School in Missoula, Montana, connected face-to-face with tribal educators and members residing in the nearby American Indian reservation. The program's learning outcomes included…

Ngai, Phyllis Bo-yuen; Koehn, Peter H.

2010-01-01