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1

Characterization of the mechanisms of the increase in PPAR? expression induced by digoxin in the heart using the H9c2 cell line  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Digoxin has been used as an inotropic agent in heart failure for a long time. Troponin I (TnI) phosphorylation is related to cardiac contractility, and the genes are regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Our previous studies indicated that cardiac abnormality related to the depressed expression of PPAR? in the hearts of STZ rats is reversed by digoxin. However, the cellular mechanisms for this effect of digoxin have not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible mechanisms for this effect of digoxin using the H9c2 cell line cultured in high glucose (HG) conditions. METHODS The effects of digoxin on PPAR? expression, intracellular calcium and TnI phosphorylation were investigated in cultured H9c2 cells, maintained in a HG medium, by using Western blot analysis. RESULTS Digoxin increased PPAR? expression in H9c2 cells subjected to HG conditions, and increase the intracellular calcium concentration. This effect of digoxin was blocked by BAPTA-AM at concentrations sufficient to chelate calcium ions. In addition, the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine A and KN93, an inhibitor of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, inhibited this action. Digoxin also increased TnI phosphorylation and this was inhibited when PPAR? was silenced by the addition of RNAi to the cells. Similar changes were observed on the contraction of H9c2 cells. CONCLUSION The results suggest that digoxin appears, through calcium-triggered signals, to reverse the reduced expression of PPAR? in H9c2 cells caused by HG treatment. PMID:21232041

Chen, Zhih-Cherng; Yu, Bu-Chin; Chen, Li-Jen; Cheng, Kai-Chun; Lin, Hung Jung; Cheng, Juei-Tang

2011-01-01

2

Overexpression of MIP2, a novel WD-repeat protein, promotes proliferation of H9c2 cells  

SciTech Connect

WD40 repeat proteins have a wide range of diverse biological functions including signal transduction, cell cycle regulation, RNA splicing, and transcription. Myocardial ischemic preconditioning up-regulated protein 2 (MIP2) is a novel member of the WD40 repeat proteins superfamily that contains five WD40 repeats. Little is known about its biological role, and the purpose of this study was to determine the role of MIP2 in regulating cellular proliferation. Transfection and constitutive expression of MIP2 in the rat cardiomyoblast cell line H9c2 results in enhanced growth of those cells as measured by cell number and is proportional to the amount of MIP2 expressed. Overexpression of MIP2 results in a shorter cell cycle, as measured by flow cytometry. Collectively, these data suggest that MIP2 may participate in the progression of cell proliferation in H9c2 cells.

Wei, Xing, E-mail: weixing22@163.com [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China) [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China); Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, University of South China, 28 Changsheng Xi Road, Hengyang, Hunan 421001 (China); Song, Lan; Jiang, Lei; Wang, Guiliang; Luo, Xinjing; Zhang, Bin [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China)] [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China); Xiao, Xianzhong, E-mail: xianzhongxiao@hotmail.com [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China)] [Department of Pathophysiology, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China)

2010-03-19

3

Down-regulation of SM22/transgelin gene expression during H9c2 cells differentiation.  

PubMed

The embryonic rat ventricle H9c2 cells maintain a proliferative state (P condition) in the presence of 10% FCS. However, by reducing serum concentration and in the presence of retinol acetate, proliferation is stopped, myogenic transdifferentiation is inhibited while cardiac differentiation is preserved (D condition). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry analysis was used to define the modifications of the nuclear proteome occurring during the P-to-D transition. Among the proteins observed as modified, a reduced expression of the SM22/transgelin protein was associated with the D state. Also SM22 mRNA levels were reduced during P-to-D transition. Cell transfection experiments indicated that this decrease was partially due to a reduction of the SM22 promoter activity. GATA-4 had a repressive effect on SM22 promoter activity. Thus, since GATA-4 is known as a target of retinoids and may act as a transcriptional repressor, a mechanism to explain the SM22 reduction during the P-to-D transition is tentatively proposed. Immunohistochemical studies on heart cells confirmed the nuclear localization of SM22. Moreover, a differential expression of this protein in different districts of the human heart embryo was detected. Therefore, these data suggest that SM22 expression is regulated during heart development. PMID:19224337

Bregant, Elisa; Renzone, Giovanni; Lonigro, Renata; Passon, Nadia; Di Loreto, Carla; Pandolfi, Maura; Scaloni, Andrea; Tell, Gianluca; Damante, Giuseppe

2009-07-01

4

Preparation and Characterization of Selenium Incorporated Guar Gum Nanoparticle and Its Interaction with H9c2 Cells  

PubMed Central

This study deals with the preparation and characterization of selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticle (SGG), and its effect on H9c2 cardiomyoblast. Herein, nanoprecipitation techniques had been employed for the preparation of SGG nanoparticle. The prepared nanoparticle had been subjected to various types of analytical techniques like transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and particle size analysis to confirm the characteristics of nanoparticle as well as for selenium incorporation. Physical characterization of nanoparticle showed that the size of nanoparticles increase upto ?69–173 nm upon selenium incorporation from ?41–132 nm. Then the prepared nanoparticles were evaluated for its effect on H9c2 cells. In this regard, the effect of nanoparticle on various vital parameters of H9c2 cells was studied. Parameters like cell viability, uptake of selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticle by the cells, effect of SGG on DNA integrity, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species generation, alteration in transmembrane potential of mitochondria and cytoskeletal integrity had been investigated. Viability results showed that up to 25 nM of SGG was safe (10.31%) but beyond that it induces cytotoxicity. Cellular uptake of selenium showed that cell permeability for SGG is significantly high compared to normal selenium (7.2 nM of selenium for 25 nM SGG compared with 5.2 nM selenium for 25 nM sodium selenite). There was no apoptosis with SGG and also it protects DNA from hydroxyl radical induced breakage. Likewise no adverse effect on mitochondria and cytoskeleton was observed for 25 nM of SGG. Overall results reveal that SGG is highly suitable for biomedical research application. PMID:24098647

Soumya, Rema Sreenivasan; Vineetha, Vadavanath Prabhakaran; Reshma, Premachandran Latha; Raghu, Kozhiparambil Gopalan

2013-01-01

5

Arsenic trioxide toxicity in H9c2 myoblasts--damage to cell organelles and possible amelioration with Boerhavia diffusa.  

PubMed

Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has been long used as a chemotherapeutic agent because of its significant anticancer property. Unfortunately, the use of ATO is limited due to its cardiotoxic effects. The present study evaluates the protective property of ethanolic extract of Boerhavia diffusa (BDE) against ATO-induced toxicity on various cell organelles in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. The effects of different concentrations of ATO (5, 7.5 and 10 ?M) on cell organelles like mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), lysosome and actin, generation of reactive oxygen species, antioxidant enzyme status and intracellular calcium overload were evaluated. ATO significantly (P ? 0.05) altered mitochondrial transmembrane potential, intracellular calcium level, ER, lysosomal activity and F-actin network in addition to induction of oxidative stress. Co-treatment with BDE protected the cardiomyocytes from the adverse effects of ATO, especially at 5 ?M concentration, which was evident from decreased activity of lactate dehydrogenase (5 ?M ATO + 20 ?g/mL BDE: 6.61 ± 1.97 ?U/mL, respective control group: 16.15 ± 1.92 ?U/mL), reduced oxidative stress, calcium influx and organelle damage. Results obtained from the present study allow for a better characterization of the effects of ATO on H9c2 myoblasts. In conclusion, our data suggest that cell organelles are also the targets of ATO-induced cardiotoxicity in addition to other reported targets like ion channels, and BDE has the potential to protect the cardiotoxicity induced by ATO. PMID:23161055

Vineetha, V P; Prathapan, A; Soumya, R S; Raghu, K G

2013-06-01

6

Protective effects of deep sea water against doxorubicin?induced cardiotoxicity in H9c2 cardiac muscle cells.  

PubMed

Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of a variety of tumors. However, its clinical use has been compromised by the risk of cardiotoxicity. Thus, many efforts have been focused on exploring new strategies to prevent or reverse DOX?induced cardiotoxicity. Recently, deep sea water (DSW) has drawn much scientific interest for therapeutic intervention due to its enrichment in nutrients and minerals. In this study, we investigated whether DSW has protective effects against DOX?induced cardiotoxicity. Pre?treatment with DSW significantly increased the viability of DOX?treated rat H9c2 cardiac muscle cells. This protective effect of DSW appears to be mediated through the inhibition of DNA damage rather than suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in DOX?treated H9c2 cardiac muscle cells. The inhibitory effect of DSW on DOX?induced DNA damage subsequently attenuated apoptotic signaling such as activation of cysteine?aspartic acid protease?3 (caspase?3) and fragmentation of poly(ADP?ribose) polymerase (PARP), whereas the expression of anti?apoptotic protein B?cell lymphoma?extra large (Bcl?xL) was increased. Moreover, DSW treatment rescued the activation of protein kinase B (Akt) to protect cells from DOX?triggered apoptosis. Taken together, our data showed that DSW has protective effects against DOX?induced cardiotoxicity, suggesting that DSW has some promise as a novel protective supplement for promoting the successful use of DOX in clinical regimen. PMID:25270851

Lee, Do-Hyung; Kim, Soyoung; Nam, Kyung-Soo

2014-12-01

7

ZNF667/Mipu1 Is a Novel Anti-Apoptotic Factor That Directly Regulates the Expression of the Rat Bax Gene in H9c2 Cells  

PubMed Central

ZNF667/Mipu1, a C2H2-type zinc finger transcription factor, was suggested to play an important role in oxidative stress. However, none of the target genes or potential roles of ZNF667 in cardiomyocytes have been elucidated. Here, we investigated the functional role of ZNF667 in H9c2 cell lines focusing on its molecular mechanism by which it protects the cells from apoptosis. We found that ZNF667 inhibited the expression and the promoter activity of the rat proapoptotic gene Bax gene, and at the same time prevented apoptosis of H9c2 cells, induced by H2O2 and Dox. Western immunoblotting analysis revealed that ZNF667 also inhibited Bax protein expression, accompanied by attenuation of the mitochondrial translocation of Bax protein, induced by H2O2. EMSA and target detection assay showed that the purified ZNF667 fusion proteins could interact with the Bax promoter sequence in vitro, and this interaction was dependent upon the ZNF667 DNA binding sequences or its core sequence in the promoter. Furthermore, ChIP assay demonstrated that a stimulus H2O2 could enhance the ability of ZNF667 protein binding to the promoter. Finally, a reporter gene assay showed that ZNF667 could repress the activity of the Bax gene promoter, and the repression was dependent upon its binding to the specific DNA sequence in the promoter. Our work demonstrates that ZNF667 that confers cytoprotection is a novel regulator of the rat Bax gene, mediating the inhibition of the Bax mRNA and protein expression in H9c2 cardiomyocytes in response to H2O2 treatment. PMID:25397408

Jiang, Lei; Wang, Hao; Shi, Chunli; Liu, Ke; Liu, Meidong; Wang, Nian; Wang, Kangkai; Zhang, Huali; Wang, Guiliang; Xiao, Xianzhong

2014-01-01

8

Cholesterol modulates function of connexin 43 gap junction channel via PKC pathway in H9c2 cells.  

PubMed

It has been shown that cholesterol modulates activity of protein kinase C (PKC), and PKC phosphorylates connexin 43 (Cx43) to regulate its function, respectively. However, it is not known whether cholesterol modulates function of Cx43 through regulating activity of PKC. In the present study, we demonstrated that cholesterol enrichment reduced the dye transfer ability of Cx43 in cultured H9c2 cells. Western blot analysis indicated that cholesterol enrichment enhanced the phosphorylated state of Cx43. Immunofluorescent images showed that cholesterol enrichment made the Cx43 distribution from condensed to diffused manner in the interface between the cells. In cholesterol enriched cells, PKC antagonists partially restored the dye transfer ability among the cells, downregulated the phosphorylation of Cx43 and redistributed Cx43 from the diffused manner to the condensed manner in the cell interface. In addition, reduction of cholesterol level suppressed PKC activity to phosphorylate Cx43 and restored Cx43 function in PKC agonist-treated cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that cholesterol enrichment upregulated the phosphorylated state of Cx43 at Ser368, while PKC antagonists reversed the effect. Taken together, cholesterol level in the cells plays important roles in regulating Cx43 function through activation of the PKC signaling pathway. PMID:24780378

Zou, Jun; Yue, Xiao-Yang; Zheng, Sheng-Chao; Zhang, Guangwei; Chang, He; Liao, Yan-Chun; Zhang, Ye; Xue, Mao-Qiang; Qi, Zhi

2014-08-01

9

Allicin protects rat cardiomyoblasts (H9c2 cells) from hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative injury through inhibiting the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species.  

PubMed

Abstract Oxidative stress is considered an important factor that promotes cell death in response to a variety of pathophysiological conditions. This study investigated the antioxidant properties of allicin, the principle ingredient of garlic, on preventing oxidative stress-induced injury. The antioxidant capacities of allicin were measured by using 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cell damage on H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Allicin (0.3-10??M) pre-incubation could concentration-dependently attenuate the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) increase induced by H2O2 on H9c2 cells. It could also protect H9c2 cells against H2O2-induced cell damage. However, the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of allicin was shown to be low. Therefore, it is believed that the protective effect of allicin on H9c2 cells could inhibit intracellular ROS production instead of scavenging extracellular H2O2 or free radicals. For the observed protective effect on H9c2 cells, allicin might also be effective in reducing free radical-induced myocardial cell death in ischemic condition. PMID:24945597

Chan, Jackie Yan-Yan; Tsui, Hei-Tung; Chung, Ivan Ying-Ming; Chan, Robbie Yat-Kan; Kwan, Yiu-Wa; Chan, Shun-Wan

2014-11-01

10

Mipu1 Protects H9c2 Myogenic Cells from Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Apoptosis through Inhibition of the Expression of the Death Receptor Fas  

PubMed Central

Mipu1 (myocardial ischemic preconditioning upregulated protein 1), a novel rat gene recently identified in our lab, was expressed abundantly and predominantly in the brain and heart and upregulated in myocardium during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in rats. In our previous study we found that Mipu1 was an evolutionarily conserved zinc finger-containing transcription factor. However, whether Mipu1 confers myocardial protection remains unknown. In this study, H9c2 myogenic cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to simulate oxidative stress during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The expression of Mipu1 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis. To study the effect of Mipu1 on apoptosis and expression of Fas induced by H2O2, full-length Mipu1 cDNA and Mipu1-RNAi plasmids were transiently transfected into H9c2 myogenic cells, and flow cytometry was used to quantitate the percentage of apoptotic cells. The expression of Fas was analyzed by Western blotting assay. The DNA binding and transcription activities of Mipu1 to the Fas promoter were detected by chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays. The results showed that exposure of H9c2 myogenic cells to H2O2 resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in Mipu1 mRNA and protein levels; Mipu1 over-expression inhibited H2O2-induced apoptosis and upregulation of Fas induced by H2O2 in H9c2 myogenic cells; and knockdown of Mipu1 by RNAi promoted apoptosis and upregulation of Fas induced by H2O2. The chromatin immunoprecipition and reporter assays showed the DNA binding and transcription suppressor activities of Mipu1 to Fas promoter region. These results indicate that Mipu1 protected H9c2 myogenic cells from H2O2-induced apoptosis through inhibiting the expression of Fas. PMID:25310648

Wang, Guiliang; Jiang, Lei; Song, Juan; Zhou, Shu-Feng; Zhang, Huali; Wang, Kangkai; Xiao, Xianzhong

2014-01-01

11

Protective Effect of Boerhaavia diffusa L. against Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Angiotensin II Induced Hypertrophy in H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells  

PubMed Central

Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. So mitochondria are emerging as one of the important druggable targets in the management of cardiac hypertrophy and other associated complications. In the present study, effects of ethanolic extract of Boerhaavia diffusa (BDE), a green leafy vegetable against mitochondrial dysfunction in angiotensin II (Ang II) induced hypertrophy in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts was evaluated. H9c2 cells challenged with Ang II exhibited pathological hypertrophic responses and mitochondrial dysfunction which was evident from increment in cell volume (49.09±1.13%), protein content (55.17±1.19%), LDH leakage (58.74±1.87%), increased intracellular ROS production (26.25±0.91%), mitochondrial superoxide generation (65.06±2.27%), alteration in mitochondrial transmembrane potential (??m), opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) and mitochondrial swelling. In addition, activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes (I-IV), aconitase, NADPH oxidase, thioredoxin reductase, oxygen consumption rate and calcium homeostasis were evaluated. Treatment with BDE significantly prevented the generation of intracellular ROS and mitochondrial superoxide radicals and protected the mitochondria by preventing dissipation of ??m, opening of mPTP, mitochondrial swelling and enhanced the activities of respiratory chain complexes and oxygen consumption rate in H9c2 cells. Activities of aconitase and thioredoxin reductase which was lowered (33.77±0.68% & 45.81±0.71% respectively) due to hypertrophy, were increased in BDE treated cells (P?0.05). Moreover, BDE also reduced the intracellular calcium overload in Ang II treated cells. Overall results revealed the protective effects of B. diffusa against mitochondrial dysfunction in hypertrophy in H9c2 cells and the present findings may shed new light on the therapeutic potential of B. diffusa in addition to its nutraceutical potentials. PMID:24788441

Prathapan, Ayyappan; Vineetha, Vadavanath Prabhakaran; Raghu, Kozhiparambil Gopalan

2014-01-01

12

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha is a critical mediator of hypoxia induced apoptosis in cardiac H9c2 and kidney epithelial HK-2 cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that functions to maintain cellular homeostasis in response to hypoxia. There is evidence that HIF-1 can also trigger apoptosis, possibly when cellular responses are inadequate to meet energy demands under hypoxic conditions. METHODS: Cardiac derived H9c2 and renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells expressing either the wild type oxygen regulated subunit of

Ricky Malhotra; David W Tyson; Henry M Rosevear; Frank C. Brosius

2008-01-01

13

Polysaccharide from Fuzi likely protects against starvation-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cells by increasing autophagy through activation of the AMPK/mTOR pathway.  

PubMed

There is increasing evidence that starvation induces autophagy, which may be protective during starvation, in an AMPK-dependent manner. Polysaccharides from Fuzi (FPS) reportedly have protective effects on nutrition-limited livers. The present study was designed to determine whether FPS protected H9c2 cells against starvation-induced cytotoxicity using an AMPK/mTOR-dependent mechanism. H9c2 cells were incubated in serum and glucose starvation media for 12 hours to establish a cell injury model. 3-Methyladenine (3MA, an autophagy inhibitor) was used to identify the exact role of autophagy in starvation. Cells were incubated with different FPS concentrations, and the cell injury levels, autophagy activity and AMPK/mTOR phosphorylation were measured. Adenine 9-?-D-arabinofuranoside (Ara-A, an AMPK inhibitor) and 5-amino-4-imidazole-carboxamide riboside (AICAR, an AMPK activator) were used to identify whether the AMPK/mTOR pathway was involved in FPS-mediated cardioprotection. We demonstrated that starvation decreased cell viability in a time-dependent manner, and 3MA-induced autophagy inhibition aggravated the reduced cell viability. FPS treatment attenuated the cell viability decrement and the starvation-induced decline in the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and autophagy; also, the AMPK/mTOR pathways were activated during treatment. Ara-A treatment abolished the protective effect of FPS, while AICAR treatment had a similar effect to FPS. We conclude that autophagy attenuates starvation-induced cardiomyocyte death, and FPS increases autophagy activity to protect against starvation-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cells, likely through AMPK/mTOR pathway activation. PMID:23548125

Liao, Li-Zhen; Chen, Yan-Ling; Lu, Li-He; Zhao, Yong-Hua; Guo, Hua-Lei; Wu, Wei-Kang

2013-01-01

14

Resveratrol attenuates hypoxia/reoxygenation?induced Ca2+ overload by inhibiting the Wnt5a/Frizzled?2 pathway in rat H9c2 cells.  

PubMed

Resveratrol is able to protect myocardial cells from ischemia/reperfusion?induced injury. However, the mechanism has yet to be fully elucidated. In the present study, it is reported that resveratrol has a critical role in the control of Ca2+ overload, which is the primary underlying cause of ischemia/reperfusion injury. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) treatment decreased the cell viability and increased the apoptosis of H9c2 cells, whereas the caspase?3 and intracellular Ca2+ levels were greatly elevated compared with the control group. Treatment of H9c2 cells with resveratrol (5, 15 and 30 µM) reduced caspase?3 expression and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in a dose?dependent manner, and the intracellular Ca2+ overload was also significantly decreased. Furthermore, Frizzled?2 and Wnt5a belong to the non?canonical Wnt/Ca2+ pathway, which have been demonstrated to be responsible for Ca2+ overload, and were thus detected in the present study. The results indicated that both the mRNA and protein expression levels of Frizzled?2 and Wnt5a in H/R?induced H9c2 cells were markedly increased compared with the levels found in normal cells, and treatment with resveratrol (5, 15 and 30 µM) significantly reduced the expression of Frizzled?2 and Wnt5a compared with the H/R group. The results indicated that resveratrol protected myocardial cells from H/R injury by inhibiting the Ca2+ overload through suppression of the Wnt5a/Frizzled?2 pathway. PMID:25120137

Wu, Xiang; Zhou, Shanshan; Zhu, Ning; Wang, Xianbao; Jin, Wen; Song, Xudong; Chen, Aihua

2014-11-01

15

TRPV1 Activation Exacerbates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Apoptosis in H9C2 Cells via Calcium Overload and Mitochondrial Dysfunction.  

PubMed

Transient potential receptor vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels, which are expressed on sensory neurons, elicit cardioprotective effects during ischemia reperfusion injury by stimulating the release of neuropeptides, namely calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP). Recent studies show that TRPV1 channels are also expressed on cardiomyocytes and can exacerbate air pollutant-induced apoptosis. However, whether these channels present on cardiomyocytes directly modulate cell death and survival pathways during hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of TRPV1 in H/R induced apoptosis of H9C2 cardiomyocytes. We demonstrated that TRPV1 was indeed expressed in H9C2 cells, and activated by H/R injury. Although neuropeptide release caused by TRPV1 activation on sensory neurons elicits a cardioprotective effect, we found that capsaicin (CAP; a TRPV1 agonist) treatment of H9C2 cells paradoxically enhanced the level of apoptosis by increasing intracellular calcium and mitochondrial superoxide levels, attenuating mitochondrial membrane potential, and inhibiting mitochondrial biogenesis (measured by the expression of ATP synthase ?). In contrast, treatment of cells with capsazepine (CPZ; a TRPV1 antagonist) or TRPV1 siRNA attenuated H/R induced-apoptosis. Furthermore, CAP and CPZ treatment revealed a similar effect on cell viability and mitochondrial superoxide production in primary cardiomyocytes. Finally, using both CGRP8-37 (a CGRP receptor antagonist) and RP67580 (a SP receptor antagonist) to exclude the confounding effects of neuropeptides, we confirmed aforementioned detrimental effects as TRPV1-/- mouse hearts exhibited improved cardiac function during ischemia/reperfusion. In summary, direct activation of TRPV1 in myocytes exacerbates H/R-induced apoptosis, likely through calcium overload and associated mitochondrial dysfunction. Our study provides a novel understanding of the role of myocyte TRPV1 channels in ischemia/reperfusion injury that sharply contrasts with its known extracardiac neuronal effects. PMID:25314299

Sun, Zewei; Han, Jie; Zhao, Wenting; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Wang, Shuai; Ye, Lifang; Liu, Tingting; Zheng, Liangrong

2014-01-01

16

TRPV1 Activation Exacerbates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Apoptosis in H9C2 Cells via Calcium Overload and Mitochondrial Dysfunction  

PubMed Central

Transient potential receptor vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels, which are expressed on sensory neurons, elicit cardioprotective effects during ischemia reperfusion injury by stimulating the release of neuropeptides, namely calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP). Recent studies show that TRPV1 channels are also expressed on cardiomyocytes and can exacerbate air pollutant-induced apoptosis. However, whether these channels present on cardiomyocytes directly modulate cell death and survival pathways during hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of TRPV1 in H/R induced apoptosis of H9C2 cardiomyocytes. We demonstrated that TRPV1 was indeed expressed in H9C2 cells, and activated by H/R injury. Although neuropeptide release caused by TRPV1 activation on sensory neurons elicits a cardioprotective effect, we found that capsaicin (CAP; a TRPV1 agonist) treatment of H9C2 cells paradoxically enhanced the level of apoptosis by increasing intracellular calcium and mitochondrial superoxide levels, attenuating mitochondrial membrane potential, and inhibiting mitochondrial biogenesis (measured by the expression of ATP synthase ?). In contrast, treatment of cells with capsazepine (CPZ; a TRPV1 antagonist) or TRPV1 siRNA attenuated H/R induced-apoptosis. Furthermore, CAP and CPZ treatment revealed a similar effect on cell viability and mitochondrial superoxide production in primary cardiomyocytes. Finally, using both CGRP8–37 (a CGRP receptor antagonist) and RP67580 (a SP receptor antagonist) to exclude the confounding effects of neuropeptides, we confirmed aforementioned detrimental effects as TRPV1?/? mouse hearts exhibited improved cardiac function during ischemia/reperfusion. In summary, direct activation of TRPV1 in myocytes exacerbates H/R-induced apoptosis, likely through calcium overload and associated mitochondrial dysfunction. Our study provides a novel understanding of the role of myocyte TRPV1 channels in ischemia/reperfusion injury that sharply contrasts with its known extracardiac neuronal effects. PMID:25314299

Sun, Zewei; Han, Jie; Zhao, Wenting; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Wang, Shuai; Ye, Lifang; Liu, Tingting; Zheng, Liangrong

2014-01-01

17

Pan-histone deacetylase inhibitors regulate signaling pathways involved in proliferative and pro-inflammatory mechanisms in H9c2 cells  

PubMed Central

Background We have shown previously that pan-HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) m-carboxycinnamic acid bis-hydroxamide (CBHA) and trichostatin A (TSA) attenuated cardiac hypertrophy in BALB/c mice by inducing hyper-acetylation of cardiac chromatin that was accompanied by suppression of pro-inflammatory gene networks. However, it was not feasible to determine the precise contribution of the myocytes- and non-myocytes to HDACI-induced gene expression in the intact heart. Therefore, the current study was undertaken with a primary goal of elucidating temporal changes in the transcriptomes of cardiac myocytes exposed to CBHA and TSA. Results We incubated H9c2 cardiac myocytes in growth medium containing either of the two HDACIs for 6h and 24h and analyzed changes in gene expression using Illumina microarrays. H9c2 cells exposed to TSA for 6h and 24h led to differential expression of 468 and 231 genes, respectively. In contrast, cardiac myocytes incubated with CBHA for 6h and 24h elicited differential expression of 768 and 999 genes, respectively. We analyzed CBHA- and TSA-induced differentially expressed genes by Ingenuity Pathway (IPA), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Core_TF programs and discovered that CBHA and TSA impinged on several common gene networks. Thus, both HDACIs induced a repertoire of signaling kinases (PTEN-PI3K-AKT and MAPK) and transcription factors (Myc, p53, NFkB and HNF4A) representing canonical TGF?, TNF-?, IFN? and IL-6 specific networks. An overrepresentation of E2F, AP2, EGR1 and SP1 specific motifs was also found in the promoters of the differentially expressed genes. Apparently, TSA elicited predominantly TGF?- and TNF-?-intensive gene networks regardless of the duration of treatment. In contrast, CBHA elicited TNF-? and IFN? specific networks at 6 h, followed by elicitation of IL-6 and IFN?-centered gene networks at 24h. Conclusions Our data show that both CBHA and TSA induced similar, but not identical, time-dependent, gene networks in H9c2 cardiac myocytes. Initially, both HDACIs impinged on numerous genes associated with adipokine signaling, intracellular metabolism and energetics, and cell cycle. A continued exposure to either CBHA or TSA led to the emergence of a number of apoptosis- and inflammation-specific gene networks that were apparently suppressed by both HDACIs. Based on these data we posit that the anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative actions of HDACIs are myocyte-intrinsic. These findings advance our understanding of the mechanisms of actions of HDACIs on cardiac myocytes and reveal potential signaling pathways that may be targeted therapeutically. PMID:23249388

2012-01-01

18

Mitochondrial 8-oxoguanine glycosylase decreases mitochondrial fragmentation and improves mitochondrial function in H9C2 cells under oxidative stress conditions.  

PubMed

The mitochondrial DNA base modification 8-hydroxy 2'-deoxyguanine (8-OHdG) is one of the most common DNA lesions induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is considered an index of DNA damage. High levels of mitochondrial 8-OHdG have been correlated with increased mutation, deletion, and loss of mitochondrial (mt) DNA, as well as apoptosis. 8-Oxoguanosine DNA glycosylase-1 (OGG1) recognizes and removes 8-OHdG to prevent further DNA damage. We evaluated the effects of OGG1 on mtDNA damage, mitochondrial function, and apoptotic events induced by oxidative stress using H9C2 cardiac cells treated with menadione and transduced with either Adv-Ogg1 or Adv-Control (empty vector). The levels of mtDNA 8-OHdG and the presence of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites were decreased by 30% and 35%, respectively, in Adv-Ogg1 transduced cells (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.005, respectively). In addition, the expression of base excision repair (BER) pathway members APE1 and DNA polymerase ? was upregulated by Adv-Ogg1 transduction. Cells overexpressing Ogg1 had increased membrane potential (P < 0.05) and decreased mitochondrial fragmentation (P < 0.005). The mtDNA content was found to be higher in cells with increased OGG1 (P < 0.005). The protein levels of fission and apoptotic factors such as DRP1, FIS1, cytoplasmic cytochrome c, activated caspase-3, and activated caspase-9 were lower in Adv-Ogg1 transduced cells. These observations suggest that Ogg1 overexpression may be an important mechanism to protect cardiac cells against oxidative stress damage. PMID:24304833

Torres-Gonzalez, Moises; Gawlowski, Thomas; Kocalis, Heidi; Scott, Brian T; Dillmann, Wolfgang H

2014-02-01

19

Globular Adiponectin, Acting via AdipoR1/APPL1, Protects H9c2 Cells from Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Apoptosis  

PubMed Central

Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is an important remodeling event contributing to heart failure and adiponectin may mediate cardioprotective effects at least in part via attenuating apoptosis. Here we used hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells to examine the effect of adiponectin and cellular mechanisms of action. We first used TUNEL labeling in combination with laser scanning cytometry to demonstrate that adiponectin prevented H/R-induced DNA fragmentation. The anti-apoptotic effect of adiponectin was also verified via attenuation of H/R-induced phosphatidylserine exposure using annexin V binding. H/R-induced apoptosis via the mitochondrial-mediated intrinsic pathway of apoptosis as assessed by cytochrome c release into cytosol and caspase-3 activation, both of which were attenuated by adiponectin. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that adiponectin enhanced anti-oxidative potential in these cells which led to attenuation of the increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) caused by H/R. To further address the mechanism of adiponctins anti-apoptotic effects we used siRNA to efficiently knockdown adiponectin receptor (AdipoR1) expression and found that this attenuated the protective effects of adiponectin on ROS production and caspase 3 activity. Knockdown of APPL1, an important intracellular binding partner for AdipoR, also significantly reduced the ability of adiponectin to prevent H/R-induced ROS generation and caspase 3 activity. In summary, H/R-induced ROS generation and activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway was prevented by adiponectin via AdipoR1/APPL1 signaling and increased anti-oxidant potential. PMID:21552570

Park, Min; Youn, ByungSoo; Zheng, Xi-long; Wu, Donghai; Xu, Aimin; Sweeney, Gary

2011-01-01

20

Oxidative stress and calpain inhibition induce alpha B-crystallin phosphorylation via p38MAPK and calcium signalling pathways in H9c2 cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the response of ?B-crystallin to oxidative stress and calpain inhibition in an attempt to elucidate the signalling pathways mediating its phosphorylation. Given the high expression levels of ?B-crystallin in cardiac muscle one can evaluate the significance of its participation in preservation of homeostasis under adverse conditions. H9c2 cardiac myoblasts were used as our experimental model since their response

Ioanna-Katerina S. Aggeli; Isidoros Beis; Catherine Gaitanaki

2008-01-01

21

Inhibitory effects of rosmarinic acid on adriamycin-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiac muscle cells by inhibiting reactive oxygen species and the activations of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a naturally occurring polyphenolic and is found in several herbs in the Lamiaceae family, such as, Perilla frutescens. ADR is a potent anti-tumor drug, but is unfortunately potently cardiotoxic. This study was undertaken to investigate the inhibitory effect of RA on ADR-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiac muscle cells at a mechanistic level. In vitro, ADR significantly

Do-Sung Kim; Hyung-Ryong Kim; Eun-Rhan Woo; Seong-Tshool Hong; Han-Jung Chae; Soo-Wan Chae

2005-01-01

22

Exogenous H2S protects H9c2 cardiac cells against high glucose-induced injury and inflammation by inhibiting the activation of the NF-?B and IL-1? pathways.  

PubMed

Hyperglycemia has been reported to activate the nuclear factor??B (NF??B) pathway. We have previously demonstrated that exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects cardiomyocytes against high glucose (HG)?induced injury by inhibiting the activity of p38 mitogen?activated protein kinase (MAPK), which can activate the NF??B pathway and induce interleukin (IL)?1? production. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the hypothesis that exogenous H2S protects cardiomyocytes against HG?induced injury and inflammation through the inhibition of the NF??B/IL?1? pathway. H9c2 cardiac cells were treated with 35 mM glucose (HG) for 24 h to establish a model of HG?induced damage. Our results demonstrated that treatment of the cells with 400 µM sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, a donor of H2S) or 100 µM pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC, an inhibitor of NF??B) for 30 min prior to exposure to HG markedly attenuated the HG?induced increase in the expression levels of the phosphorylated (p)?NF??B p65 subunit. Notably, pre?treatment of the H9c2 cardiac cells with NaHS or PDTC significantly suppressed the HG?induced injury, including cytotoxicity, apoptosis, oxidative stress and mitochondrial insults, as evidenced by an increase in cell viability, as well as a decrease in the number of apoptotic cells, the expression of cleaved caspase?3, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). In addition, pre?treatment of the cells with NaHS or PDTC ameliorated the HG?induced inflammatory response, leading to a decrease in the levels of IL?1?, IL?6 and tumor necrosis factor?? (TNF??). Importantly, co?treatment of the H9c2 cells with 20 ng/ml IL?1 receptor antagonist (IL?1Ra) and HG markedly reduced the HG?induced increase in p?NF??B p65 expression, cytoto-xicity, the number of apoptotic cells, as well as the production of TNF??. In conclusion, the present study presents novel mechanistic evidence that exogenous H2S protects H9c2 cardiac cells against HG?induced inflammation and injury, including cytotoxicity, apoptosis, overproduction of ROS and the dissipation of MMP, by inhibiting the NF??B/IL?1? pathway. We also provide new data indicating that the positive interaction between the NF??B pathway and IL?1? is critical in HG?induced injury and inflammation in H9c2 cardiac cells. PMID:25412187

Xu, Wenming; Chen, Jingfu; Lin, Jianchong; Liu, Donghong; Mo, Liqiu; Pan, Wanying; Feng, Jianqiang; Wu, Wen; Zheng, Dongdan

2015-01-01

23

GYY4137, a novel hydrogen sulfide-releasing molecule, likely protects against high glucose-induced cytotoxicity by activation of the AMPK/mTOR signal pathway in H9c2 cells.  

PubMed

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) has become a major cause of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. Increasing evidences have proved that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) fulfills a positive role in regulating diabetic myocardial injury. The present study was designed to determine whether GYY4137, a novel H2S-releasing molecule, protected H9c2 cells against high glucose (HG)-induced cytotoxicity by activation of the AMPK/mTOR signal pathway. H9c2 cells were incubated in normal glucose (5.5 mM), 22, 33, and 44 mM glucose for 24 h to mimic the hyperglycemia in DCM in vitro. Then we added 50, 100, and 200 ?M GYY4137, and measured the cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzyme activity, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). 0.5 mM 5-amino-4-imidazole-carboxamide riboside (AICAR, an AMPK activator) and 1 mM adenine 9-?-D-arabinofuranoside (Ara-A, an AMPK inhibitor) were used to identity whether the AMPK/mTOR signal pathway was involved in GYY4137-mediated cardioprotection. We demonstrated that HG decreased cell viability and increased LDH enzyme activity in a concentration-dependent manner. 33 mM HG treatment for 24 h was chosen as our model group for further study. Both 100 and 200 ?M GYY4137 treatments significantly attenuated HG-induced cell viability decrement, LDH enzyme activity increase, and MMP collapse. AICAR had similar effects to GYY4137 treatment while Ara-A attenuated GYY4137-mediated cardioprotection. Importantly, both GYY4137 and AICAR increased AMPK phosphorylation and decreased mTOR phosphorylation compared with the HG model group while Ara-A attenuated GYY4137-mediated AMPK phosphorylation increase and mTOR phosphorylation decrement. In conclusion, we propose that GYY4137 likely protects against HG-induced cytotoxicity by activation of the AMPK/mTOR signal pathway in H9c2 cells. PMID:24374752

Wei, Wen-Bin; Hu, Xun; Zhuang, Xiao-Dong; Liao, Li-Zhen; Li, Wei-Dong

2014-04-01

24

Quercetin Inhibits Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats and Inhibits Angiotensin II-Induced H9C2 Cells Hypertrophy by Enhancing PPAR-? Expression and Suppressing AP-1 Activity  

PubMed Central

Background Quercetin is the most abundant flavonoid in fruit and vegetables and is believed to attenuate cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that quercetin inhibits cardiac hypertrophy by blocking AP-1 (c-fos, c-jun) and activating PPAR-? signaling pathways. Methodology/Principal Findings The aim of this study was to identify the mechanism underlying quercetin-mediated attenuation of cardiac hypertrophy. Quercetin therapy reduced blood pressure and markedly reduced the ratio of left ventricular to body weight (LVW/BW) (P<0.05, vs. spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs)). In vitro, quercetin also significantly attenuated Ang II-induced H9C2 cells hypertrophy, as indicated by its concentration dependent inhibitory effects on [3H]leucine incorporation into H9C2 cells (64% reduction) and by the reduced hypertrophic surface area in H9C2 cells compared with the Ang II group (P<0.01, vs. Ang II group). Concurrently, we found that PPAR-? activity was significantly increased in the quercetin-treated group both in vivo and in vitro when analyzed using immunofluorescent or immunohistochemical assays (P<0.05, vs. SHRs or P<0.01, vs. the Ang II group). Conversely, in vivo, AP-1 (c-fos, s-jun) activation was suppressed in the quercetin-treated group, as was the downstream hypertrophy gene, including mRNA levels of ANP and BNP (P<0.05, vs. SHRs). Additionally, both western blotting and real time-PCR demonstrated that PPAR-? protein and mRNA were increased in the myocardium and AP-1 protein and mRNA were significantly decreased in the quercetin-treated group (P<0.05, vs. SHRs). Furthermore, western blotting and real time-PCR analyses also showed that transfection with PPAR-? siRNA significantly increased AP-1 signaling and reversed the effects of quercetin inhibition on mRNA expression levels of genes such as ANP and BNP in hypertrophic H9C2 cells. Conclusions Our data indicate that quercetin may inhibit cardiac hypertrophy by enhancing PPAR-? expression and by suppressing the AP-1 signaling pathway. PMID:24039778

Yan, Lei; Zhang, Ji Dong; Wang, Bo; Lv, Yi Jing; Jiang, Hong; Liu, Gui Lin; Qiao, Yun; Ren, Ming; Guo, Xue Feng

2013-01-01

25

Arginine Vasopressin Enhances Cell Survival via a G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2/?-Arrestin1/Extracellular-Regulated Kinase 1/2-Dependent Pathway in H9c2 Cells  

PubMed Central

Circulating levels of arginine vasopressin (AVP) are elevated during hypovolemia and during cardiac stress. AVP activates arginine vasopressin type 1A (V1A)/G?q–coupled receptors in the heart and vasculature and V2/G?s–coupled receptors in the kidney. However, little is known regarding the signaling pathways that influence the effects of V1A receptor (V1AR) activation during cellular injury. Using hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) as a cell injury model, we evaluated cell survival and caspase 3/7 activity in H9c2 myoblasts after treatment with AVP. Pretreatment of H9c2 cells with AVP significantly reduced H/R-induced cell death and caspase 3/7 activity, effects that were blocked via both selective V1AR inhibition and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK1/2) inhibition. AVP increased extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation in a concentration-dependent manner that was sensitive to MEK1/2 inhibition and V1AR inhibition, but not V1BR or V2R inhibition. Discrete elements of the V1A/G?q-protein kinase C (PKC) and V1A/G protein–coupled receptor kinase (GRK)/?-arrestin signaling cascades were inhibited to dissect the pathways responsible for the protective effects of V1AR signaling: G?q (overexpression of Gq-I-ires-green fluorescent protein), PKC (administration of Ro 31-82425; 2-[8-(aminomethyl)-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[1,2-a]indol-3-yl]-3-(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)maleimide, HCl, bisindolylmaleimide X, HCl), GRK2 [C-terminal GRK2 peptide overexpression and small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown], GRK5 (siRNA knockdown), and ?-arrestin1 (siRNA knockdown). These studies demonstrated that both G?q/PKC- and GRK2/?-arrestin1–dependent V1AR signaling were capable of inducing ERK1/2 phosphorylation in response to AVP stimulation. However, AVP-mediated protection against H/R was elicited only via GRK2- and ?-arrestin1–dependent signaling. These results suggest that activation of the V1AR in H9c2 cells mediates protective signaling via a GRK2/??arrestin1/ERK1/2–dependent mechanism that leads to decreased caspase 3/7 activity and enhanced survival under conditions of ischemic stress. PMID:23690069

Myers, Valerie D.; Coleman, Ryan C.; Feldman, Arthur M.

2013-01-01

26

Inhibitory effect of gallic acid on advanced glycation end products induced up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines and matrix proteins in H9C2 (2-1) cells.  

PubMed

Accumulating evidences have demonstrated that increased production of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) contributes to etiology of cardiac complications in diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism of AGE-induced effects is not well understood. Recent studies evince the beneficial role of phytochemicals in reducing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Hence, in the present study, the cardioprotective role of gallic acid (GA) against in vitro synthesized AGE in H9C2 (2-1) cells was elucidated. H9C2 (2-1) cells exposed to AGE (100 ?g/ml) with/without GA pre-treatment (10 ?M) and the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), expression of oxidative stress markers, matrix proteins, and cytokines were analyzed. Cells exposed to AGE demonstrate a significant increase in ROS release with augmented expression (P < 0.01) of receptor for AGE (RAGE) and NOX-p47 phox (P < 0.001) proteins compared to untreated control cells. Moreover, an increased expression of matrix proteins and cytokines such as TNF-? (P < 0.01), TGF-? (P < 0.001), and iNOS (P < 0.001) was also found in AGE-treated cells, whereas, cells pre-treated with N-acetyl cysteine or RAGE neutralizing antibody notably (P < 0.01) impede the ROS release. Further, cells pre-treated with GA significantly attenuated the expression of NOX, RAGE, and other cytokines. In addition, the abnormal expressions of matrix proteins were also decreased especially in GA-treated cells. Thus, the results of the present study demonstrated the deleterious effect of AGEs that directly induce oxidative stress and matrix derangement and, on the other way, the "pleiotropic" activity of GA in reducing the risk of AGE-mediated cellular complications. PMID:24062022

Umadevi, Subramanian; Gopi, Venkatachalam; Vellaichamy, Elangovan

2013-12-01

27

Hesperetin attenuates mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide-induced H9C2 cardiomyocytes.  

PubMed

Apoptosis is closely associated with the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases and is considered as one of the crucial pathological processes of cardiomyopathy, sepsis, ischemia/reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction and heart failure. Hesperetin (HES), a flavanone glycoside found in citrus fruit peels, has been known to exhibit several key biological and pharmacological properties. Previous studies have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor functions of HES. However, with regards to the pro- or anti-apoptotic functions of HES, there are several disagreements within the literature. To examine whether HES has protective effects in cardiac apoptosis, the present study examined the role of HES in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes, aiming to clarify the possible mechanisms underlying its effects. In the present study, HES reduced the percentage of viable apoptotic (VA) cells in a flow cytometry analysis. It had an anti-apoptosis function in LPS-stimulated H9C2 cells. To clarify whether HES alleviated LPS-stimulated apoptosis through the mitochondria-dependent intrinsic apoptotic pathway, certain indicators of this pathway were detected, including members of the caspase family. The data revealed that HES attenuated the activation of capase-3 and caspase-9. These results indicated HES has a mitochondria-dependent anti-apoptosis effect in LPS-stimulated H9C2 cells. To explore the possible mechanisms, the protein expression levels of certain markers in the possible signaling pathway were detected, including JNK and Bcl-2 family. As a result, HES downregulated the protein expression of Bax, upregulated the expression of Bcl-2 and attenuated the phosphorylation level of JNK. Therefore, the anti-apoptosis effects of HES were possibly mediated by the JNK/Bax signaling pathway. In conclusion, HES has a mitochondria-dependent anti-apoptosis effect in LPS-induced H9C2 cells via the JNK/Bax signaling pathway. PMID:24604207

Yang, Zheng; Liu, Yuan; Deng, Wei; Dai, Jia; Li, Fangfang; Yuan, Yuan; Wu, Qingqing; Zhou, Heng; Bian, Zhouyan; Tang, Qizhu

2014-05-01

28

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate-mediated cardioprotection by Akt/GSK-3?/caveolin signalling in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts  

PubMed Central

Background Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg) with its potent anti-oxidative capabilities is known for its beneficial effects ameliorating oxidative injury to cardiac cells. Although studies have provided convincing evidence to support the cardioprotective effects of EGCg, it remains unclear whether EGCg affect trans-membrane signalling in cardiac cells. Here, we have demonstrated the potential mechanism for cardioprotection of EGCg against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Results Exposing H9c2 cells to H2O2 suppressed cell viability and altered the expression of adherens and gap junction proteins with increased levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species and cytosolic Ca2+. These detrimental effects were attenuated by pre-treating cells with EGCg for 30 min. EGCg also attenuated H2O2-mediated cell cycle arrest at the G1-S phase through the glycogen synthase kinase-3? (GSK-3?)/?-catenin/cyclin D1 signalling pathway. To determine how EGCg targets H9c2 cells, enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) was ectopically expressed in these cells. EGFP-emission fluorescence spectroscopy revealed that EGCg induced dose-dependent fluorescence changes in EGFP expressing cells, suggesting that EGCg signalling events might trigger proximity changes of EGFP expressed in these cells. Proteomics studies showed that EGFP formed complexes with the 67 kD laminin receptor, caveolin-1 and -3, ?-actin, myosin 9, vimentin in EGFP expressing cells. Using in vitro oxidative stress and in vivo myocardial ischemia models, we also demonstrated the involvement of caveolin in EGCg-mediated cardioprotection. In addition, EGCg-mediated caveolin-1 activation was found to be modulated by Akt/GSK-3? signalling in H2O2-induced H9c2 cell injury. Conclusions Our data suggest that caveolin serves as a membrane raft that may help mediate cardioprotective EGCg transmembrane signalling. PMID:24251870

2013-01-01

29

Beneficial properties of selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles against ischemia/reperfusion in cardiomyoblasts (H9c2).  

PubMed

Nanotechnology for the treatment and diagnosis has been emerging recently as a potential area of research and development. In the present study, selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles have been prepared by nanoprecipitation and characterized by transmission electron microscopy and particle size analysis. The nanoparticles were screened for antioxidant potential (metal chelation, total reducing power and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity) and were evaluated against the cell line based cardiac ischemia/reperfusion model with special emphasis on oxidative stress and mitochondrial parameters. The cell based cardiac ischemia model was employed using H9c2 cell lines. Investigations revealed that there was a significant alteration (P ? 0.05) in the innate antioxidant status (glutathione?, glutathione peroxidase?, thioredoxin reductase?, superoxide dismutase?, catalase?, lipid peroxidation?, protein carbonyl?, xanthine oxidase? and caspase 3 activity?), mitochondrial functions (reactive oxygen species generation, membrane potential, and pore opening) and calcium homeostasis (calcium ATPase and intracellular calcium overload) during both ischemia and reperfusion. For comparative evaluation, selenium, guar gum and selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles were evaluated for their protective properties against ischemia/reperfusion. The study reveals that selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles were better at protecting the cells from ischemia/reperfusion compared to selenium and guar gum nanoparticles. The potent antioxidant capability shown by the sample in in vitro assays may be the biochemical basis of its better biological activity. Further, the nanodimensions of the particle may be the additional factor responsible for its better effect. PMID:25307064

Soumya, R S; Vineetha, V P; Salin Raj, P; Raghu, K G

2014-10-22

30

Ginsenoside RK3 Prevents Hypoxia-Reoxygenation Induced Apoptosis in H9c2 Cardiomyocytes via AKT and MAPK Pathway  

PubMed Central

Reperfusion therapy is widely utilized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but further injury induced by rapidly initiating reperfusion of the heart is often encountered in clinical practice. Ginsenoside RK3 (RK3) is reportedly present in the processed Radix notoginseng that is often used as a major ingredient of the compound preparation for ischemic heart diseases. This study aimed to investigate the possible protective effect of RK3 against hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced H9c2 cardiomyocytes damage and its underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that RK3 pretreatment caused increased cell viability and decreased levels of LDH leakage compared with the H/R group. Moreover, RK3 pretreatment inhibited cell apoptosis, as evidenced by decreased caspase-3 activity, TUNEL-positive cells, and Bax expression, as well as increased Bcl-2 level. Further mechanism investigation revealed that RK3 prevented H9c2 cardiomyocytes injury and apoptosis induced by H/R via AKT/Nrf-2/HO-1 and MAPK pathways. These observations indicate that RK3 has the potential to exert cardioprotective effects against H/R injury, which might be of great importance to clinical efficacy for AMI treatment. PMID:23935671

Sun, Guibo; Meng, Xiangbao; Wang, Hongwei; Wang, Min; Qin, Meng; Luo, Yun; Yu, Yingli; Ai, Qidi; Sun, Xiaobo

2013-01-01

31

BNC Protects H9c2 Cardiomyoblasts from H2O2-Induced Oxidative Injury through ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway  

PubMed Central

Buchang naoxintong capsule (BNC) is a traditional Chinese medicine approved for the treatment of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the specific protective function or mechanism by which BNC protects against myocardial injury. This research was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of BNC in vitro model of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts. BNC intestinal absorption liquid was used in this study instead of drug-containing serum or extracting solution. Our study revealed that BNC preconditioning enhanced antioxidant function by increasing the activities of total-antioxygen capacity, total-superoxide dismutase, and catalase and by decreasing the production of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde. BNC preconditioning also activated extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) and inhibited apoptosis-related proteins such as poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and caspase-3. Additionally, preincubation with BNC reduced intracellular Ca2+ concentration, improved mitochondrial membrane potential, and decreased the apoptosis rate of H9c2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. These data demonstrated that BNC protects H9c2 cardiomyoblasts from H2O2-induced oxidative injury by increasing antioxidant abilities, activating ERK1/2, and blocking Ca2+-dependent and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Based on our results, the potency of BNC for protecting H9c2 cells from oxidative damage is comparable to that of trimetazidine. PMID:24223618

Huang, Bin; Zhao, Ye; Tang, Shihuan; Wang, Lan; Liang, Rixin

2013-01-01

32

Cardioprotective role of Syzygium cumini against glucose-induced oxidative stress in H9C2 cardiac myocytes.  

PubMed

Diabetic patients are known to have an independent risk of cardiomyopathy. Hyperglycemia leads to upregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that may contribute to diabetic cardiomyopathy. Thus, agents that suppress glucose-induced intracellular ROS levels can have therapeutic potential against diabetic cardiomyopathy. Syzygium cumini is well known for its anti-diabetic potential, but its cardioprotective properties have not been evaluated yet. The aim of the present study is to analyze cardioprotective properties of methanolic seed extract (MSE) of S. cumini in diabetic in vitro conditions. ROS scavenging activity of MSE was studied in glucose-stressed H9C2 cardiac myoblasts after optimizing the safe dose of glucose and MSE by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide. 2',7'-dichlorfluorescein diacetate staining and Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis confirmed the suppression of ROS production by MSE in glucose-induced cells. The intracellular NO and H2O2 radical-scavenging activity of MSE was found to be significantly high in glucose-induced cells. Exposure of glucose-stressed H9C2 cells to MSE showed decline in the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase enzymes and collagen content. 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, propidium iodide and 10-N-nonyl-3,6-bis (dimethylamino) acridine staining revealed that MSE protects myocardial cells from glucose-induced stress. Taken together, our findings revealed that the well-known anti-diabetic S. cumini can also protect the cardiac cells from glucose-induced stress. PMID:23512199

Atale, Neha; Chakraborty, Mainak; Mohanty, Sujata; Bhattacharya, Susinjan; Nigam, Darshika; Sharma, Manish; Rani, Vibha

2013-09-01

33

Cerium oxide nanoparticles inhibit oxidative stress and nuclear factor-?B activation in H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to cigarette smoke extract.  

PubMed

Cigarette smoke contains and generates a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that affect normal cellular function and have pathogenic consequences in the cardiovascular system. Increased oxidative stress and inflammation are considered to be an important mechanism of cardiovascular injury induced by cigarette smoke. Antioxidants may serve as effective therapeutic agents against smoke-related cardiovascular disease. Because of the presence of oxygen vacancies on its surface and self-regenerative cycle of its dual oxidation states, Ce(3+) and Ce(4+), cerium oxide (CeO(2)) nanoparticles offer a potential to quench ROS in biological systems. In this study, we determined the ability of CeO(2) nanoparticles to protect against cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in cultured rat H9c2 cardiomyocytes. CeO(2) nanoparticles pretreatment of H9c2 cells resulted in significant inhibition of CSE-induced ROS production and cell death. Pretreatment of H9c2 cells with CeO(2) nanoparticles suppressed CSE-induced phosphorylation of I?B?, nuclear translocation of p65 subunit of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B), and NF-?B reporter activity in H9c2 cells. CeO(2) nanoparticles pretreatment also resulted in a significant down-regulation of NF-?B-regulated inflammatory genes tumor necrosis factor-?, interleukin (IL)-1?, IL-6, and inducible nitric-oxide synthase and further inhibited CSE-induced depletion of antioxidant enzymes, such as copper zinc superoxide dismutase, manganese superoxide dismutase, and intracellular glutathione content. These results indicate that CeO(2) nanoparticles can inhibit CSE-induced cell damage via inhibition of ROS generation, NF-?B activation, inflammatory gene expression, and antioxidant depletion and may have a great potential for treatment of smoking-related diseases. PMID:21464334

Niu, Jianli; Wang, Kangkai; Kolattukudy, Pappachan E

2011-07-01

34

Levocarnitine Protects H9c2 Rat Cardiomyocytes from H2O2-induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Apoptosis  

PubMed Central

Background: Although the protective effects of levocarnitine in patients with ischemic heart disease are related to the attenuation of oxidative stress injury, the exact mechanisms involved have yet to be fully understood. Our aim was to investigate the potential protective effects of levocarnitine pretreatment against oxidative stress in rat H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Methods: Cardiomyocytes were exposed to H2O2 to create an oxidative stress model. The cells were pretreated with 50, 100, or 200 ?M levocarnitine for 1 hour before H2O2 exposure. Results: H2O2 exposure led to significant activation of oxidative stress in the cells, characterized by reduced viability, increased intracellular reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, and reduced intracellular antioxidant activity. Mitochondrial dysfunction was also observed following H2O2 exposure, reflected by the loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and intracellular adenosine triphosphate. These pathophysiological processes led to cardiomyocyte apoptosis through activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. More importantly, the levocarnitine pretreatment attenuated the H2O2-induced oxidative injury significantly, preserved mitochondrial function, and partially prevented cardiomyocyte apoptosis during the oxidative stress reaction. Western blotting analyses suggested that levocarnitine pretreatment increased plasma protein levels of Bcl-2, reduced Bax, and attenuated cytochrome C leakage from the mitochondria in the cells. Conclusion: Our in vitro study indicated that levocarnitine pretreatment may protect cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress-related damage. PMID:25170293

Mao, Cui-Ying; Lu, Hai-Bin; Kong, Ning; Li, Jia-Yu; Liu, Miao; Yang, Chun-Yan; Yang, Ping

2014-01-01

35

A static pressure sensitive receptor APJ promote H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via PI3K-autophagy pathway.  

PubMed

This study is designed to investigate whether APJ receptor acts as a sensor in static pressure-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and to investigate the mechanism of PI3K-autophagy pathway. The left ventricular hypertrophy rat model was established by coarctation of abdominal aorta. H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes were cultured in the presence of static pressure which was given by a custom-made pressure incubator. The results revealed that the expression of apelin/APJ system, PI3K, Akt and their phosphorylation were significantly increased in the operation group. Static pressure up-regulated the APJ expression, PI3K phosphorylation, Akt phosphorylation, LC3-II/I and beclin-1 expression in cardiomyocytes. APJ shRNA pGPU6/Neo-rat-399, PI3K inhibitor LY294002, Akt inhibitor 1701-1 blocked the up-regulation of APJ, PI3K phosphorylation, Akt phosphorylation, LC3-II/I and beclin-1 expression, respectively. Moreover, static pressure increased the diameter, volume, protein content of cells, and these could be reversed when the cells were treated with pGPU6/Neo-rat-399, LY294002, and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine, respectively. These results suggested that static pressure up-regulates APJ expression to promote cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by a PI3K-autophagy pathway. PMID:24966188

Xie, Feng; Liu, Wei; Feng, Fen; Li, Xin; Yang, Li; Lv, Deguan; Qin, Xuping; Li, Lanfang; Chen, Linxi

2014-08-01

36

l-carnosine and verapamil inhibit hypoxia-induced expression of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1 alpha) in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts.  

PubMed

Contractile failure of myocardial cells is a common cause of mortality in ischemic heart disease. In response to hypoxic conditions, cells upregulate the activity of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and express a number of genes encoding proteins that either enhance O (2)delivery or increase cellular ATP levels. HIF-1 is a heterodimer of bHLH-PAS proteins, HIF-1 alpha and HIF-1 beta. Both subunits are constitutively expressed under normoxic conditions, but HIF-1 alpha levels are kept low by proteolytic degradation, then stabilized under conditions of low O (2)by a mechanism that is poorly understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that expression of HIF-1 alpha in cardiac cells may be affected by two known cardioprotective agents. We tested l-carnosine, a naturally occurring dipeptide which has been shown to improve myocardial contractility during hypoxia, and verapamil, a calcium channel blocker frequently prescribed for the treatment of heart disease. The levels of HIF-1 alphamRNA remained relatively stable during time course hypoxia (1% O (2)) in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts, then increased slightly after 24 h. In cells pretreated with 1 microM carnosine, the levels of mRNA were transiently reduced, but then increased after 24 h similar to the controls. The levels of HIF-1 alpha protein increased rapidly in H9c2 cells within 30 min of hypoxia, but this induction was significantly reduced in cells treated with either carnosine or verapamil. In addition, treatment of cells with these agents further reduced the low levels of HIF-1 under normoxic conditions. These results suggest that l-carnosine and verapamil may affect the regulated proteolytic degradation of HIF-1 alpha in heart cells during hypoxia. PMID:11884212

Bharadwaj, Lalita A; Davies, Gerald F; Xavier, Ilungo J; Ovsenek, Nick

2002-03-01

37

Curcumin induces the apoptotic intrinsic pathway via upregulation of reactive oxygen species and JNKs in H9c2 cardiac myoblasts.  

PubMed

Curcumin derived from the rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), is a well known coloring culinary agent, that has therapeutic properties against diverse pathologies such as cancer, atherosclerosis and heart failure. Given the salutary potential of curcumin, deciphering its mode of action particularly in cardiac cells, is of outstanding value. Accumulating evidence implicates curcumin in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways leading to cell survival or apoptosis. Therefore, the present study aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms triggered by curcumin in H9c2 cells. Curcumin was found to activate p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) as well as c-jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNKs), in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We also observed curcumin to impair cell survival by promoting apoptosis, evidenced by chromatin condensation, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and caspase-3 cleavage, as well as Bax translocation and cytochrome c release into the cytosol. Curcumin-induced apoptosis was ascribed to JNKs, since hindering their activity abolished PARP fragmentation. Furthermore, we identified curcumin to exert a pro-oxidative activity, with 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) staining revealing up-regulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and anti-oxidants found to abrogate PARP cleavage. In conclusion, curcumin was found to stimulate the apoptotic cell death of H9c2 cells by upregulating ROS generation and triggering activation of JNKs. With reports underscoring the capacity of curcumin to perturb the cellular redox balance ensuring survival or enhancing apoptosis, determination of its mode of action appears to be critical. Future studies should assess the appropriate administration conditions of curcumin, so as to optimize its therapeutic potential against cardiovascular pathologies. PMID:24668280

Zikaki, Kyriaki; Aggeli, Ioanna-Katerina; Gaitanaki, Catherine; Beis, Isidoros

2014-06-01

38

Distribution, phosphorylation, and activities of Hsp25 in heat-stressed H9c2 myoblasts: a functional link to cytoprotection  

PubMed Central

The behavior of the endogenous heat shock protein 25 (Hsp25) in heat-stressed rat H9c2 myoblasts was studied. After mild or severe heating, this protein became less extractable with Triton X-100 and displayed characteristic immunofluorescence patterns, namely (1) granules in the nucleus, and (2) association with F-actin bundles in the cytoplasm. The intranuclear granulation of Hsp25 and its association with F-actin were sensitive to drugs affecting Hsp25 phosphorylation (cantharidin, sodium orthovanadate, SB203580, SB202190). Isoform analysis of Hsp25 translocated to the nucleus-free cytoskeletal fraction revealed only mono- and biphosphorylated Hsp25 and no unphosphorylated Hsp25. Transfected luciferase with initial localization in the nucleosol became colocalized with the Hsp25-containing granules after a heat shock treatment that denatured the enzyme in the cells. The association of Hsp25 with actin filaments after a mild heat stress conferred protection from subsequent F-actin–damaging treatments with cytochalasins (D and B) or severe heat stress. We hypothesize that (1) the binding of heat-denatured nucleosolic proteins to the Hsp25 contained in specific granular structures may serve for the subsequent chaperoning or degradation of the bound proteins, and (2) the actin cytoskeleton is stabilized by the direct targeting of phosphorylated Hsp25 to microfilament bundles. PMID:12380682

Bryantsev, Anton L.; Loktionova, Svetlana A.; Ilyinskaya, Olga P.; Tararak, Eduard M.; Kampinga, Harm H.; Kabakov, Alexander E.

2002-01-01

39

Effect of the Multitargeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Imatinib, Dasatinib, Sunitinib, and Sorafenib on Mitochondrial Function in Isolated Rat Heart Mitochondria and H9c2 Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cardiovascular disease has recently been suggested to be a significant complication of cancer treatment with several kinase inhibitors. In some cases, the mechanisms leading to cardiotox- icity are postulated to include mitochondrial dysfunction, either as a primary or secondary effect. Detecting direct effects on mitochondrial function, such as uncoupling of oxidative phos- phorylation or inhibition of electron transport chain components,

Yvonne Will; James A. Dykens; Sashi Nadanaciva; Brad Hirakawa; Joseph Jamieson; Lisa D. Marroquin; James Hynes; Shem Patyna; Bart A. Jessen

2008-01-01

40

Biology of SNU Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

SNU (Seoul National University) cell lines have been established from Korean cancer patients since 1982. Of these 109 cell lines have been characterized and reported, i.e., 17 colorectal carcinoma, 12 hepatocellular carcinoma, 11 gastric carcinoma, 12 uterine cervical carcinoma, 17 B-lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from cancer patients, 5 ovarian carcinoma, 3 malignant mixed Mllerian tumor, 6 laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, 7 renal cell carcinoma, 9 brain tumor, 6 biliary tract, and 4 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines. These SNU cell lines have been distributed to biomedical researchers domestic and worldwide through the KCLB (Korean Cell Line Bank), and have proven to be of value in various scientific research fields. The characteristics of these cell lines have been reported in over 180 international journals by our laboratory and by many other researchers from 1987. In this paper, the cellular and molecular characteristics of SNU human cancer cell lines are summarized according to their genetic and epigenetic alterations and functional analysis. PMID:19956504

Ku, Ja-Lok

2005-01-01

41

Thyroid cell lines in research on goitrogenesis.  

PubMed

Thyroid cell lines have contributed a lot to the understanding of goitrogenesis. The cell lines mostly used in thyroid research are briefly discussed, namely the rat thyroid cell lines FRTL and FRTL-5, the porcine thyroid cell lines PORTHOS and ARTHOS, The sheep thyroid cell lines OVNIS 5H and 6H, the cat thyroid cell lines PETCAT 1 to 4 and ROMCAT, and the human thyroid cell lines FTC-133 and HTh 74. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and COS-7 cells, stably transfected with TSH receptor cDNA and expressing a functional TSH receptor, are discussed as examples for non-thyroidal cells, transfected with thyroid genes. PMID:1726925

Gerber, H; Peter, H J; Asmis, L; Studer, H

1991-12-01

42

Comparative Analysis of ?B-Crystallin Expression in Heat-Stressed Myocardial Cells In Vivo and In Vitro  

PubMed Central

Relationships between ?B-crystallin expression patterns and pathological changes of myocardial cells after heat stress were examined in vitro and in vivo in this study using the H9C2 cell line and Sprague-Dawley rats, respectively. Histopathological lesions, characterized by acute degeneration, karyopyknosis and loss of a defined nucleus, became more severe in rat hearts over the course of heat stress treatment from 20 min to 100 min. The expression of ?B-crystallin in rat hearts showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) throughout the heat stress treatment period, except at the 40 min time point. Likewise, decreased ?B-crystallin expression was also observed in the H9C2 cell line exposed to a high temperature in vitro, although its expression recovered to normal levels at later time points (80 and 100 min) and the cellular damage was less severe. The results suggest that ?B-crystallin is mobilized early after exposure to a high temperature to interact with damaged proteins but that the myocardial cells cannot produce sufficient ?B-crystallin for protection against heat stress. Lower ?B-crystallin expression levels were accompanied by obvious cell/tissue damage, suggesting that the abundance of this protein is associated with protective effects in myocardial cells in vitro and in vivo. Thus, ?B-crystallin is a potential biomarker of heat stress. PMID:24466295

Chen, Hongbo; Adam, Abdelnasir; Cheng, Yanfen; Hartung, Jorg; Bao, Endong

2014-01-01

43

Molluscan cells in culture: primary cell cultures and cell lines  

PubMed Central

In vitro cell culture systems from molluscs have significantly contributed to our basic understanding of complex physiological processes occurring within or between tissue-specific cells, yielding information unattainable using intact animal models. In vitro cultures of neuronal cells from gastropods show how simplified cell models can inform our understanding of complex networks in intact organisms. Primary cell cultures from marine and freshwater bivalve and gastropod species are used as biomonitors for environmental contaminants, as models for gene transfer technologies, and for studies of innate immunity and neoplastic disease. Despite efforts to isolate proliferative cell lines from molluscs, the snail Biomphalaria glabrata Say, 1818 embryonic (Bge) cell line is the only existing cell line originating from any molluscan species. Taking an organ systems approach, this review summarizes efforts to establish molluscan cell cultures and describes the varied applications of primary cell cultures in research. Because of the unique status of the Bge cell line, an account is presented of the establishment of this cell line, and of how these cells have contributed to our understanding of snail host-parasite interactions. Finally, we detail the difficulties commonly encountered in efforts to establish cell lines from molluscs and discuss how these difficulties might be overcome. PMID:24198436

Yoshino, T. P.; Bickham, U.; Bayne, C. J.

2013-01-01

44

Cell line: 2004-2014.  

PubMed

2014 marks Cell's 40th anniversary, and over the year we have looked back at how discoveries of the last four decades have molded our understanding of biology. The final decade of the Cell Line features a selection of the exceptional scientific work-both landmark papers and essential reviews. Select entries can be read as an "Annotated Classic," which includes the original paper and accompanying reflections of a leading scientist, considering the work from our current vantage point. Our last installment includes a harbinger of the interplay between microbiota and mammalian hosts in 2004, revolutionary papers in 2006 and 2007 unlocking cellular reprogramming, the discovery of beige adipocytes in 2012, and the first example of CRISPR-based genome editing in a nonhuman primate in 2014. In addition to landmark publications, there were innovative developments at the journal in this decade, with the complete redesign of the print journal and the creation of Leading Edge in late 2005 and the restructuring of the online display of the article in 2010. Keeping pace with the changing nature of biological research, over the decade Cell added new article types, introduced guidelines for the organization of supplementary material, and expanded the journal's web-based content to bring editors' and authors' excitement and perspective on individual papers to the readership. An interactive version of the timeline, with links to the papers, full author lists, and Annotated Classics, is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.11.004. PMID:25416957

2014-11-20

45

Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) Human Cell Line  

Cancer.gov

A renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell line designated UOK171 has been developed from the resected tumor of a patient diagnosed with stage IV high nuclear grade clear cell type renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The UOK171 cell line was immortalized spontaneously by mincing the resected tumor into pieces followed by propagation of the cells over more than twenty generations. One of the most prominent characteristics of this cell line is its intact, nonmutated von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene.

46

Characterization of Cell-Matrix Adhesion Requirements for the Formation of Fascin Microspikes  

PubMed Central

Cell adhesion to thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) correlates with assembly of cell–substratum contact structures that contain fascin microspikes. In this analysis, cell-matrix requirements for assembly of fascin microspikes were examined in detail. In six cell lines, cell spreading on a TSP-1 substratum correlated with expression of fascin protein and formation of fascin microspikes. Microspikes were not formed by H9c2 cells adherent on fibronectin, vitronectin, collagen IV, or platelet factor 4. However, both fascin microspikes and focal contacts were assembled by cells adherent on laminin-1. Using mixed substrata containing different proportions of TSP-1, and fibronectin, fascin microspike formation by H9c2 and C2C12 cells was found to be reduced on substrata containing 25% fibronectin and abolished on substrata containing 75% fibronectin. Adhesion to intermediate mixtures of TSP-1 and fibronectin resulted in coassembly of fascin microspikes and focal contacts, colocalization of fascin with actin stress fiber bundles and altered distributions of ?1 integrins, cortical ?-actinin, and tropomyosin. In cells adherent on 50% TSP-1:50% fibronectin, GRGDSP peptide treatment decreased focal contact assembly and altered cytoskeletal organization but did not inhibit microspike assembly. Treatment with chondroitin sulfate A or p-nitrophenol ?-d-xylopyranoside decreased microspike formation and modified cytoskeletal organization but did not inhibit focal contact formation. In polarized migratory and postmitotic C2C12 cells, fascin microspikes and ruffles were localized at leading edges and TSP matrix deposition was also concentrated in this region. Depletion of matrix TSP by heparin treatment correlated with decreased microspike formation and cell motility. Thus, the balance of adhesive receptors ligated at the cell surface during initial cell–matrix attachment serves to regulate the type of substratum adhesion contact assembled and subsequent cytoskeletal organization. A role for fascin microspikes in cell motile behavior is indicated. PMID:9362073

Adams, Josephine C.

1997-01-01

47

Thyroid cancer cell lines: an overview.  

PubMed

Human thyroid cancer cell lines are the most used models for thyroid cancer studies. They must be used with detailed knowledge of their characteristics. These in vitro cell lines originate from differentiated and dedifferentiated in vivo human thyroid tumors. However, it has been shown that mRNA expression profiles of these cell lines were closer to dedifferentiated in vivo thyroid tumors (anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, ATC) than to differentiated ones. Here an overview of the knowledge of these models was made. The mutational status of six human thyroid cancer cell lines (WRO, FTC133, BCPAP, TPC1, K1, and 8505C) was in line with previously reported findings for 10 genes frequently mutated in thyroid cancer. However, the presence of a BRAF mutation (T1799A: V600E) in WRO questions the use of this cell line as a model for follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). Next, to investigate the biological meaning of the modulated mRNAs in these cells, a pathway analysis on previously obtained mRNA profiles was performed on five cell lines. In five cell lines, the MHC class II pathway was down-regulated and in four of them, ribosome biosynthesis and translation pathways were up-regulated. mRNA expression profiles of the cell lines were also compared to those of the different types of thyroid cancers. Three datasets originating from different microarray platforms and derived from distinct laboratories were used. This meta-analysis showed a significant higher correlation between the profiles of the thyroid cancer cell lines and ATC, than to differentiated thyroid tumors (i.e., PTC or FTC) specifically for DNA replication. This already observed higher correlation was obtained here with an increased number of in vivo tumors and using different platforms. In summary, this would suggest that some papillary thyroid carcinoma or follicular thyroid carcinoma (PTC or FTC) cell lines (i.e., TPC-1) might have partially lost their original DNA synthesis/replication regulation mechanisms during their in vitro cell adaptation/evolution. PMID:23162534

Saiselet, Manuel; Floor, Sébastien; Tarabichi, Maxime; Dom, Geneviève; Hébrant, Aline; van Staveren, Wilma C G; Maenhaut, Carine

2012-01-01

48

Thyroid cancer cell lines: an overview  

PubMed Central

Human thyroid cancer cell lines are the most used models for thyroid cancer studies. They must be used with detailed knowledge of their characteristics. These in vitro cell lines originate from differentiated and dedifferentiated in vivo human thyroid tumors. However, it has been shown that mRNA expression profiles of these cell lines were closer to dedifferentiated in vivo thyroid tumors (anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, ATC) than to differentiated ones. Here an overview of the knowledge of these models was made. The mutational status of six human thyroid cancer cell lines (WRO, FTC133, BCPAP, TPC1, K1, and 8505C) was in line with previously reported findings for 10 genes frequently mutated in thyroid cancer. However, the presence of a BRAF mutation (T1799A: V600E) in WRO questions the use of this cell line as a model for follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). Next, to investigate the biological meaning of the modulated mRNAs in these cells, a pathway analysis on previously obtained mRNA profiles was performed on five cell lines. In five cell lines, the MHC class II pathway was down-regulated and in four of them, ribosome biosynthesis and translation pathways were up-regulated. mRNA expression profiles of the cell lines were also compared to those of the different types of thyroid cancers. Three datasets originating from different microarray platforms and derived from distinct laboratories were used. This meta-analysis showed a significant higher correlation between the profiles of the thyroid cancer cell lines and ATC, than to differentiated thyroid tumors (i.e., PTC or FTC) specifically for DNA replication. This already observed higher correlation was obtained here with an increased number of in vivo tumors and using different platforms. In summary, this would suggest that some papillary thyroid carcinoma or follicular thyroid carcinoma (PTC or FTC) cell lines (i.e., TPC-1) might have partially lost their original DNA synthesis/replication regulation mechanisms during their in vitro cell adaptation/evolution. PMID:23162534

Saiselet, Manuel; Floor, Sebastien; Tarabichi, Maxime; Dom, Genevieve; Hebrant, Aline; van Staveren, Wilma C. G.; Maenhaut, Carine

2012-01-01

49

Cell-host, LINE and environment  

PubMed Central

Long interspersed nuclear elements -1 (LINEs, L1s) are retroelements occupying almost 17% of the human genome. L1 retrotransposition can cause deleterious effects on the host-cell and it is generally inhibited by suppressive mechanisms, but it can occur in some specific cells during early development as well as in some tumor cells and in the presence of several environmental factors. In a recent publication we reported that extremely low frequency pulsed magnetic field can affect L1 retrotransposition in neuroblastoma cells. In this commentary we discuss the interaction between environment and L1 activity in the light of the new emerging paradigm of host-LINE relationship. PMID:23734298

Del Re, Brunella; Giorgi, Gianfranco

2013-01-01

50

77 FR 5489 - Identification of Human Cell Lines Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...120104006-2006-01] Identification of Human Cell Lines Project AGENCY: National Institute...repeat (STR) profiling up to 1500 human cell line samples as part of the Identification of Human Cell Lines Project. All data and...

2012-02-03

51

Differential SELEX in Human Glioma Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The hope of success of therapeutic interventions largely relies on the possibility to distinguish between even close tumor types with high accuracy. Indeed, in the last ten years a major challenge to predict the responsiveness to a given therapeutic plan has been the identification of tumor specific signatures, with the aim to reduce the frequency of unwanted side effects on oncologic patients not responding to therapy. Here, we developed an in vitro evolution-based approach, named differential whole cell SELEX, to generate a panel of high affinity nucleic acid ligands for cell surface epitopes. The ligands, named aptamers, were obtained through the iterative evolution of a random pool of sequences using as target human U87MG glioma cells. The selection was designed so as to distinguish U87MG from the less malignant cell line T98G. We isolated molecules that generate unique binding patterns sufficient to unequivocally identify any of the tested human glioma cell lines analyzed and to distinguish high from low or non-tumorigenic cell lines. Five of such aptamers act as inhibitors of specific intracellular pathways thus indicating that the putative target might be important surface signaling molecules. Differential whole cell SELEX reveals an exciting strategy widely applicable to cancer cells that permits generation of highly specific ligands for cancer biomarkers. PMID:19956692

Cerchia, Laura; Esposito, Carla Lucia; Jacobs, Andreas H.; Tavitian, Bertrand; de Franciscis, Vittorio

2009-01-01

52

CHARACTERIZATION OF A UNIQUE MUSCLE CELL LINE  

PubMed Central

A clonal cell line derived from a mouse neoplasm is described which shares many properties with smooth muscle. The cells have electrically excitable membranes capable of generating overshooting action potentials, and they contract both spontaneously and with electrical stimulation. They respond to the iontophoretic application of acetylcholine with a depolarizing response, and to norepinephrine with a hyperpolarizing response. Electron microscopy reveals that the cells have a morphology similar in many, but not all, respects to that of smooth muscle cells in vivo. The cells secrete soluble collagen-like molecules in addition to several proteins of undefined function. Finally, there is an increase in the specific activities of creatine phosphokinase and myokinase associated with increased cell density and the cessation of cell division. PMID:4363958

Schubert, David; Harris, A. John; Devine, Carrick E.; Heinemann, Stephen

1974-01-01

53

Cancer stem cell-like cells from a single cell of oral squamous carcinoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Four oral squamous cancer cell lines (OSCCL) were analyzed for cancer stem cells (CSCs). {yields} Single cell derived colonies of OSCCL express CSC-marker CD133 differentially. {yields} Monoclonal cell lines showed reduced sensitivity for Paclitaxel. {yields} In situ CD133{sup +} cells are slow cycling (Ki67-) indicating a reduced drug sensitivity. {yields} CD133{sup +} and CSC-like cells can be obtained from single colony forming cells of OSCCL. -- Abstract: Resistance of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) to conventional chemotherapy or radiation therapy might be due to cancer stem cells (CSCs). The development of novel anticancer drugs requires a simple method for the enrichment of CSCs. CSCs can be enriched from OSCC cell lines, for example, after cultivation in serum-free cell culture medium (SFM). In our study, we analyzed four OSCC cell lines for the presence of CSCs. CSC-like cells could not be enriched with SFM. However, cell lines obtained from holoclone colonies showed CSC-like properties such as a reduced rate of cell proliferation and a reduced sensitivity to Paclitaxel in comparison to cells from the parental lineage. Moreover, these cell lines differentially expressed the CSC-marker CD133, which is also upregulated in OSCC tissues. Interestingly, CD133{sup +} cells in OSCC tissues expressed little to no Ki67, the cell proliferation marker that also indicates reduced drug sensitivity. Our study shows a method for the isolation of CSC-like cell lines from OSCC cell lines. These CSC-like cell lines could be new targets for the development of anticancer drugs under in vitro conditions.

Felthaus, O. [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany) [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Ettl, T.; Gosau, M.; Driemel, O. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Brockhoff, G. [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Regensburg (Germany); Reck, A. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Zeitler, K. [Institute of Pathology, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Institute of Pathology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Hautmann, M. [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Regensburg (Germany); Reichert, T.E. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Schmalz, G. [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Morsczeck, C., E-mail: christian.morsczeck@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany)

2011-04-01

54

Characterization of a new megakaryocytic cell line: the Dami cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new human megakaryocytic cell line (Dami) has been established from the blood of a patient with megakaryo- blastic leukemia. The Dami cells grow primarily in suspen- sion with a doubling time of 24 to 30 hours. By light and electron microscopy. the Dami cells range in size from 1 2 to 120 ?tm in diameter and have lobulated nuclei

SM Greenberg; DS Rosenthal; TA Greeley; R Tantravahi; RI Handin

2010-01-01

55

Radiation sensitivity of Merkel cell carcinoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), being a small cell carcinoma, would be expected to be sensitive to radiation. Clinical analysis of patients at our center, especially those with macroscopic disease, would suggest the response is quite variable. We have recently established a number of MCC cell lines from patients prior to radiotherapy, and for the first time are in a position to determine their sensitivity under controlled conditions. Some of the MCC lines grew as suspension cultures and could not be single cell cloned; therefore, it was not possible to use clonogenic survival for all cell lines. A tetrazolium based (MTT) assay was used for these lines, to estimate cell growth after {gamma} irradiation. Control experiments were conducted on lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) and the adherent MCC line, MCC13, to demonstrate that the two assays were comparable under the conditions used. We have examined cell lines from MCC, small cell lung cancer (SCLC), malignant melanomas, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) transformed lymphocytes (LCL), and skin fibroblasts for their sensitivity to {gamma} irradiation using both clonogenic cell survival and MTT assays. The results show that the tumor cell lines have a range of sensitivities, with melanoma being more resistant (surviving fraction at 2 Gy (SF2) 0.57 and 0.56) than the small cell carcinoma lines, MCC (SF2 range 0.21-0.45, mean SF2 0.30, n = 8) and SCLC (SF2 0.31). Fibroblasts were the most sensitive (SF2 0.13-0.20, mean 0.16, n = 5). The MTT assay, when compared to clonogenic assay for the MCC13 adherent line and the LCL, gave comparable results under the conditions used. Both assays gave a range of SF2 values for the MCC cell lines, suggesting that these cancers would give a heterogeneous response in vivo. The results with the two derivative clones of MCC14 (SF2 for MCC14/1 0.38, MCC14/2 0.45) would further suggest that some of them may develop resistance during clonogenic evolution. 25 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Leonard, J.H.; Ramsay, J.R.; Birrell, G.W. [Queensland Institute of Medical Research (Australia)] [and others] [Queensland Institute of Medical Research (Australia); and others

1995-07-30

56

The Clinical Relevance of Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Although advances in genomics during the last decade have opened new avenues for translational research and allowed the direct evaluation of clinical samples, there is still a need for reliable preclinical models to test therapeutic strategies. Human cancer-derived cell lines are the most widely used models to study the biology of cancer and to test hypotheses to improve the efficacy of cancer treatment. Since the development of the first cancer cell line, the clinical relevance of these models has been continuously questioned. Based upon recent studies that have fueled the debate, we review the major events in the development of the in vitro models and the emergence of new technologies that have revealed important issues and limitations concerning human cancer cell lines as models. All cancer cell lines do not have equal value as tumor models. Some have been successful, whereas others have failed. However, the success stories should not obscure the growing body of data that motivates us to develop new in vitro preclinical models that would substantially increase the success rate of new in vitro–assessed cancer treatments. PMID:23434901

2013-01-01

57

Macrophage Cell Lines Use CD81 in Cell Growth Regulation  

PubMed Central

CD81 is an integral membrane protein belonging to the tetraspanin superfamily. It has two extracellular domains that interact with cell surface proteins and two intracellular tails that contribute to cellular processes. Although there are considerable data about how CD81 affects T- and B-cell function, not much is known about how it impacts macrophages. To address this, we established four cell lines from mouse bone marrow in the presence of macrophage colony stimulating factor and transfection with SV40 large T antigen. Two were CD81?/? (ASD1 and ASD2) and two were CD81+/? (2ASD1.10 and 2BSD1.10). Cells were Mac-2-, PU.1-, and c-fms-positive and all the cell lines were phagocytic indicating that they were macrophage-like. In mixtures of the two cell types in tissue culture, CD81?/? cells out competed CD81+/? cells with CD81-bearing cells being undetectable after 50 cell culture passages. Although cell divisions during log-phase growth were not significantly different between CD81+/? macrophage cells and CD81?/? macrophage cells, we found that CD81?/? macrophage cells reached a higher density at confluency than CD81+/? macrophage cells. CD81 transcript levels increased as cultures became confluent, but transcript levels of other tetraspanin-related molecules remained relatively constant. Transfection of CD81 into ASD1 (CD81?/?) cells reduced the density of confluent cultures of transformants compared to cells transfected with vector alone. These data suggest that CD81 potentially plays a role in macrophage cell line growth regulation. PMID:19184252

Mordica, Whitney J.; Woods, Keith M.; Clem, Rollie J.; Passarelli, A. Lorena; Chapes, Stephen K.

2013-01-01

58

Investigating citrullinated proteins in tumour cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The conversion of arginine into citrulline, termed citrullination, has important consequences for the structure and function of proteins. Studies have found PADI4, an enzyme performing citrullination, to be highly expressed in a variety of malignant tumours and have shown that PADI4 participates in the process of tumorigenesis. However, as citrullinated proteins have not been systematically investigated in tumours, the present study aimed to identify novel citrullinated proteins in tumours by 2-D western blotting (2-D WB). Methods Two identical two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) gels were prepared using extracts from ECA, H292, HeLa, HEPG2, Lovo, MCF-7, PANC-1, SGC, and SKOV3 tumour cell lines. The expression profiles on a 2-DE gel were trans-blotted to PVDF membranes, and the blots were then probed with an anti-citrulline antibody. By comparing the 2-DE profile with the parallel 2-D WB profile at a global level, protein spots with immuno-signals were collected from the second 2-DE gel and identified using mass spectrometry. Immunoprecipitation was used to verify the expression and citrullination of the targeted proteins in tumour cell lines. Results 2-D WB and mass spectrometry identified citrullinated ?-enolase (ENO1), heat shock protein 60 (HSP60), keratin 8 (KRT8), tubulin beta (TUBB), T cell receptor chain and vimentin in these cell lines. Immunoprecipitation analyses verified the expression and citrullination of ENO1, HSP60, KRT8, and TUBB in the total protein lysates of the tumour cell lines. Conclusions The citrullination of these proteins suggests a new mechanism in the tumorigenic process. PMID:24099319

2013-01-01

59

Cancer stem cell-like cells from a single cell of oral squamous carcinoma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resistance of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) to conventional chemotherapy or radiation therapy might be due to cancer stem cells (CSCs). The development of novel anticancer drugs requires a simple method for the enrichment of CSCs. CSCs can be enriched from OSCC cell lines, for example, after cultivation in serum-free cell culture medium (SFM). In our study, we analyzed four

O. Felthaus; T. Ettl; M. Gosau; O. Driemel; G. Brockhoff; A. Reck; K. Zeitler; M. Hautmann; T. E. Reichert; G. Schmalz; C. Morsczeck

2011-01-01

60

Immunoreactive growth hormone production by human lymphocyte cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.Two human lymphocyte cell lines, a T-cell line and a B-cell line, were shown to produce and secrete immunoreactive growth hormone (irGH). The irGH molecules secreted by the two cell lines appeared to be de novo synthesized and their molecular size was similar to that of pituitary GH as well as irGH secreted by peripheral blood lymphocytes.2.Affinity-purified irGH molecules had

Ting-Lin Kao; Scott C. Supowit; E. Aubrey Thompson; Walter J. Meyer

1992-01-01

61

Stem cell patterns in cell lines derived from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.  

PubMed

The initiation, growth, recurrence and metastasis of solid tumours, including squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region, have been related to the behaviour of a small subpopulation of 'tumour-initiating' cells. Cells with stem cell characteristics have also been identified in cell lines derived from cancers and the aim of the present work was to extend examination of such cells. Established cell lines were examined for their patterns of colony morphologies and staining, the presence of a Hoechst dye-excluding 'side population', expression of the putative stem cell markers CD44, CD133 and CD29, and their ability to grow as 'cancer spheroids'. Two cell lines, CaLH2 and CaLH3, recently generated from HNSCC tumour biopsies, were similarly examined. All cell lines showed a holoclone/meroclone/paraclone series of colony morphologies and cell sorting indicated that CD44 marker expression was related to clonogenicity. FACS analysis after exposure to Hoechst dye indicated that the CA1, H357 and UK1 cell lines contain a dye-excluding 'side population', a property associated with stem-like subpopulations. When held in suspension, all cell lines formed spheroids that could be re-passaged. These observations indicate that cell lines derived from HNSCC contain cells with stem cell properties and that such cell lines may provide experimental systems relevant to the behaviour of stem cells present in the tumours of origin and to their responses to therapy. PMID:17944752

Harper, Lisa J; Piper, Kim; Common, John; Fortune, Farida; Mackenzie, Ian C

2007-11-01

62

Establishment and characterization of four human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterized four pancreatic carcinoma cell lines (designated SNU-213, SNU-324, SNU-410, and SNU-494) established from histopathologically varied primary or liver metastatic tumor samples of Korean patients. Three cell lines grew as adherent monolayers and one as adherent and floating cell clumps. All lines had: (1) relatively high viability; (2) an absence of mycoplasma or bacterial contamination; (3) genetic heterogeneity as

Ja-Lok Ku; Kyong-Ah Yoon; Woo-Ho Kim; Jin Jang; Kyung-Suk Suh; Sun-Whe Kim; Yong-Hyun Park; Jae-Gahb Park

2002-01-01

63

Syngeneic mouse mammary carcinoma cell lines: Two closely related cell lines with divergent metastatic behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cell lines, Met-1fvb2 and DB-7fvb2, with different metastatic potential, were derived from mammary carcinomas in FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmT) and FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmTY315F\\/Y322F) mice, transplanted into syngeneic FVB\\/N hosts and characterized. The lines maintain a stable morphological and biological phenotype after multiple rounds of in vitro culture and in vivo transplantation. The Met-1fvb2 line derived from a FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmT) tumor exhibits invasive growth and 100%

Alexander D. Borowsky; Ruria Namba; Lawrence J. T. Young; Kent W. Hunter; J. Graeme Hodgson; Clifford G. Tepper; Erik T. McGoldrick; William J. Muller; Robert D. Cardiff; Jeffrey P. Gregg

2005-01-01

64

SARS-associated coronavirus replication in cell lines.  

PubMed

Given the potential for laboratory-associated severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infections, we must know which cell lines are susceptible to the virus. We investigated 21 cell lines routinely used for virus isolation or research. After infection with SARS-CoV, cells were observed for cytopathic effects, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure ongoing viral replication. An indirect immunofluorescence assay was also used as a confirmatory test. The study identified 10 new cell lines capable of supporting the replication of SARS-CoV and confirmed the susceptibility of 4 cell lines previously reported. This study shows that SARS-CoV can be isolated in several cell lines commonly used for diagnostic or research purposes. It also shows that SARS-CoV can achieve high titers in several cell lines, sometimes in the absence of specific cytopathic effects. PMID:16494729

Kaye, Matthew

2006-01-01

65

Lentiviral gene transduction in human and mouse NK cell lines.  

PubMed

Natural killer (NK) cells play a vital role in the control of cancer and microbial infections. A major hinderance in studying NK cells is the resistance of these cells to gene transfer. Considering over-expression and gene knockdown studies are crucial tools to study the biology of cells, technologies suitable for transferring genes into NK cells are invaluable. Among various technologies available for gene transfer, lentiviral-mediated transduction has been successful in introducing genes into NK cells. We have standardized methods of lentiviral infection in human and mouse NK cell lines. We obtain transduction efficiencies of 15% in the NK-92 cell line and 30-40% in LNK, YT, and DERL7 cell lines. This method allows efficient and stable introduction of genes and shRNAs into NK cell lines. PMID:20033643

Savan, Ram; Chan, Tim; Young, Howard A

2010-01-01

66

Biological behaviors and proteomics analysis of hybrid cell line EAhy926 and its parent cell line A549  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It is well established that cancer cells can fuse with endothelial cells to form hybrid cells spontaneously, which facilitates cancer cells traversing the endothelial barrier to form metastases. However, up to now, little is known about the biologic characteristics of hybrid cells. Therefore, we investigate the malignant biologic behaviors and proteins expression of the hybrid cell line EAhy926 with

Ze Jun Lu; Ya Qiong Ren; Guo Ping Wang; Qi Song; Mei Li; Sa Sa Jiang; Tao Ning; Yong Song Guan; Jin Yang; Feng Luo

2009-01-01

67

Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Generated from Adult Somatic Cells by Nuclear Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are fully pluripotent in that they can differentiate into all cell types, including gametes. We have derived 35 ES cell lines via nuclear transfer (ntES cell lines) from adult mouse somatic cells of inbred, hybrid, and mutant strains. ntES cells contributed to an extensive variety of cell types, including dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons in vitro and

Teruhiko Wakayama; Viviane Tabar; Ivan Rodriguez; Anthony C. F. Perry; Lorenz Studer; Peter Mombaerts

2001-01-01

68

Expression of tie receptor tyrosine kinase in leukemia cell lines.  

PubMed

The tie receptor tyrosine kinase mRNA was originally identified as an amplified product in reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of human K562 leukemia cell RNA. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that the corresponding mouse gene is expressed predominantly in endothelial cells. We have explored tie mRNA and protein expression in tumor cell lines. The 4.4 kb tie mRNA was expressed at high levels in five of five human megakaryoblastic leukemia cell lines studied and in two IL-3-dependent mouse myeloid leukemia cell lines, but not in 42 other leukemia cell lines representing various hematopoietic lineages. Increased expression of tie mRNA and protein was observed upon treatment of the megakaryoblastic leukemia cells with the tumor promoter 12-0-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), known to enhance megakaryoblastic markers. Among several cell lines from solid tumors, two fibrosarcomas, one rhabdomyosarcoma and one melanoma cell line were positive for tie mRNA. These results suggest that among hematopoietic lineages tie is predominantly expressed in cells with megakaryoblastic properties and that the tie tyrosine kinase is a receptor for a regulatory factor specific for megakaryoblasts, endothelial cells, and occasional tumor cell lines derived from mesenchymal tissues. PMID:8412320

Armstrong, E; Korhonen, J; Silvennoinen, O; Cleveland, J L; Lieberman, M A; Alitalo, R

1993-10-01

69

Thromboplastic and fibrinolytic activities of cultured human cancer cell lines.  

PubMed Central

Thromboplastic and fibrinolytic activities of 14 lines of cultured human cancer cells were estimated by modified Astrup's methods. High tissue thromboplastic activity was found in one line of urinary-bladder cancer, 2 lines of gastric cancer and one line of lung cancer, but no activity was found in 6 lines of lung cancer. High fibrinolytic activity was noted in one line of gastric cancer and 2 lines of lung cancer, but no activity was seen in 6 lines of lung cancer and one line of gastric cancer. No plasmin activity was found. The tumour cell lines could be classified into 3 groups on the basis of the 2 activities. Cancer cell lines could also be classified into 2 groups: with high or low release of thromboplastin into culture media. Fibrinolytic activity was found in the culture media of all cell lines with high fibrinolytic activity. Fibrinolytic activity, but not thromboplastic activity, seemed to be influenced by the constituents of culture media. No definite correlation was found between the 2 activities and the histological types of the parent tumours of the cultured cells. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 PMID:758928

Kinjo, M.; Oka, K.; Naito, S.; Kohga, S.; Tanaka, K.; Oboshi, S.; Hayata, Y.; Yasumoto, K.

1979-01-01

70

Human cancer cell lines: Experimental models for cancer cells in situ? For cancer stem cells?  

PubMed

Established human cancer cell lines are routinely used as experimental models for human cancers. Their validity for such use is analyzed and discussed, with particular focus on thyroid tumors. Although cell lines retain some properties of the cells of origin, from the points of view of their genetics, epigenetics and gene expression, they show clear differences in these properties compared to in vivo tumors. This can be explained by a prior selection of initiating cells and a Darwinian evolution in vitro. The properties of the cell lines are compared to those of the postulated cancer stem cells and their use as models in this regard are discussed. Furthermore, other proper and possible uses of the cell lines are discussed. PMID:19167460

van Staveren, W C G; Solís, D Y Weiss; Hébrant, A; Detours, V; Dumont, J E; Maenhaut, C

2009-04-01

71

Authentication of the R06E Fruit Bat Cell Line  

PubMed Central

Fruit bats and insectivorous bats are believed to provide a natural reservoir for a wide variety of infectious diseases. Several lines of evidence, including the successful isolation of infectious viruses, indicate that Marburg virus and Ravn virus have found a major reservoir in colonies of the Egyptian rousette (Rousettus aegyptiacus). To facilitate molecular studies on virus-reservoir host interactions and isolation of viruses from environmental samples, we established cell lines from primary cells of this animal. The cell lines were given to several laboratories until we realized that a contamination with Vero cells in one of the cultures had occurred. Here we describe a general diagnostic procedure for identification of cross-species contamination with the focus on Vero and Rousettus cell lines, and summarize newly discovered properties of the cell lines that may pertain to pathogen discovery. PMID:22754654

Jordan, Ingo; Munster, Vincent J.; Sandig, Volker

2012-01-01

72

Human Rhabdomyosarcoma Cell Lines for Rhabdomyosarcoma Research: Utility and Pitfalls  

PubMed Central

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of childhood and adolescence. Despite intergroup clinical trials conducted in Europe and North America, outcomes for high risk patients with this disease have not significantly improved in the last several decades, and survival of metastatic or relapsed disease remains extremely poor. Accrual into new clinical trials is slow and difficult, so in vitro cell-line research and in vivo xenograft models present an attractive alternative for preclinical research for this cancer type. Currently, 30 commonly used human RMS cell lines exist, with differing origins, karyotypes, histologies, and methods of validation. Selecting an appropriate cell line for RMS research has important implications for outcomes. There are also potential pitfalls in using certain cell lines including contamination with murine stromal cells, cross-contamination between cell lines, discordance between the cell line and its associated original tumor, imposter cell lines, and nomenclature errors that result in the circulation of two or more presumed unique cell lines that are actually from the same origin. These pitfalls can be avoided by testing for species-specific isoenzymes, microarray analysis, assays for subtype-specific fusion products, and short tandem repeat analysis. PMID:23882450

Hinson, Ashley R. P.; Jones, Rosanne; Crose, Lisa E. S.; Belyea, Brian C.; Barr, Frederic G.; Linardic, Corinne M.

2013-01-01

73

GREG cells, a dysferlin-deficient myogenic mouse cell line  

SciTech Connect

The dysferlinopathies (e.g. LGMD2b, Myoshi myopathy) are progressive, adult-onset muscle wasting syndromes caused by mutations in the gene coding for dysferlin. Dysferlin is a large ({approx} 200 kDa) membrane-anchored protein, required for maintenance of plasmalemmal integrity in muscle fibers. To facilitate analysis of dysferlin function in muscle cells, we have established a dysferlin-deficient myogenic cell line (GREG cells) from the A/J mouse, a genetic model for dysferlinopathy. GREG cells have no detectable dysferlin expression, but proliferate normally in growth medium and fuse into functional myotubes in differentiation medium. GREG myotubes exhibit deficiencies in plasma membrane repair, as measured by laser wounding in the presence of FM1-43 dye. Under the wounding conditions used, the majority ({approx} 66%) of GREG myotubes lack membrane repair capacity, while no membrane repair deficiency was observed in dysferlin-normal C2C12 myotubes, assayed under the same conditions. We discuss the possibility that the observed heterogeneity in membrane resealing represents genetic compensation for dysferlin deficiency.

Humphrey, Glen W.; Mekhedov, Elena; Blank, Paul S. [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Morree, Antoine de [Center for Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands)] [Center for Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Pekkurnaz, Gulcin [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Nagaraju, Kanneboyina [Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States)] [Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Zimmerberg, Joshua, E-mail: zimmerbj@mail.nih.gov [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2012-01-15

74

Replicative Capacity of MERS Coronavirus in Livestock Cell Lines.  

PubMed

Replicative capacity of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was assessed in cell lines derived from livestock and peridomestic small mammals on the Arabian Peninsula. Only cell lines originating from goats and camels showed efficient replication of MERS-CoV. These results provide direction in the search for the intermediate host of MERS-CoV. PMID:24457147

Eckerle, Isabella; Corman, Victor M; Müller, Marcel A; Lenk, Matthias; Ulrich, Rainer G; Drosten, Christian

2014-02-01

75

Replicative Capacity of MERS Coronavirus in Livestock Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Replicative capacity of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was assessed in cell lines derived from livestock and peridomestic small mammals on the Arabian Peninsula. Only cell lines originating from goats and camels showed efficient replication of MERS-CoV. These results provide direction in the search for the intermediate host of MERS-CoV. PMID:24457147

Eckerle, Isabella; Corman, Victor M.; Muller, Marcel A.; Lenk, Matthias; Ulrich, Rainer G.

2014-01-01

76

Development of nuclear receptor transfected Caco-2 cell lines  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR RECEPTOR TRANSFECTED CACO-2 CELL LINES Timo Korjamo University of Kuopio Finland 27th October 2006 ? Background ? Cell lines ? Gene expression ? Functional experiments ? Conclusions Intestinal absorption ? Small intestine...B6 Transfection with human PXR Caco/hPXR CYP2B6, MDR1, CYP3A4, CYP2C9, MRP2 Transfection with murine CAR Caco/mCAR Wild type cellsCaco/WT Some target genesModificationCell line Initial characterisation: T. Korjamo, P. Honkakoski, M. R. Toppinen...

Korjamo, Timo

2006-10-27

77

Respiratory epithelial cell lines exposed to anoxia produced inflammatory mediator  

PubMed Central

Human epithelial cell lines were utilized to examine the effects of anoxia on cellular growth and metabolism. Three normal human epithelial cells lines (A549, NHBE, and BEAS-2B) as well as a cystic fibrosis cell line (IB3-1) and its mutation corrected cell line (C38) were grown in the presence and absence of oxygen for varying periods of time. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Cellular metabolism and proliferation were assayed by determining mitochondrial oxidative burst activity by tetrazolium compound reduction. The viability of cells was indirectly measured by lactate dehydrogenase release. A549, NHBE, and BEAS-2B cells cultured in the absence of oxygen showed a progressive decrease in metabolic activity and cell proliferation after one to three days. There was a concomitant increase in IL-8 production. Cell lines from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients did not show a similar detrimental effect of anoxia. However, the IL-8 level was significantly increased only in IB3-1 cells exposed to anoxia after two days. Anoxia appears to affect certain airway epithelial cell lines uniquely with decreased cellular proliferation and a concomitant increased production of a cytokine with neutrophilic chemotactic activity. The increased ability of the CF cell line to respond to anoxia with increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines may contribute to the inflammatory damage seen in CF bronchial airway. This study indicates the need to use different cell lines in in vitro studies investigating the role of epithelial cells in airway inflammation and the effects of environmental influences. PMID:23301190

Shahriary, Cyrus M.; Nussbaum, Eliezer

2012-01-01

78

Cisplatin resistance induced by decreased apoptotic activity in non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

We have investigated defective steps in apoptosis that might account for the development of resistance. For this purpose, A549 and Calu1 NSCLC (non-small-cell lung cancer) cell lines were treated with cisplatin to obtain resistant sub-lines. Gene expression profiles and the phosphorylation status of the BAD (Bcl-2/Bcl-XL-antagonist, causing cell death) protein were determined for each cell line. Cell death and cytochrome c release were analysed after treating cell lines with their appropriate cisplatin doses. Gene expression of BAD, Bid, caspases 4 and 6 were clearly decreased in the resistant cell lines, and the differential phosphorylation status of BAD also seemed to play a role in the development of cisplatin resistance. Since this is a new cisplatin-resistant Calu1 cell line, it is noteworthy that DNA fragmentation, apoptotic cell ratio and cytochrome c levels were most decreased in the CR-Calu1 cell line. PMID:22397496

Cetintas, Vildan B; Kucukaslan, Ali S; Kosova, Buket; Tetik, Asl?; Selvi, Nur; Cok, Gursel; Gunduz, Cumhur; Eroglu, Zuhal

2012-03-01

79

UOK 268 Cell Line for Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma  

Cancer.gov

This technology describes the UOK 268 cell line, a spontaneously immortalized renal tumor cell line that may be of great interest to industry for studying HLRCC, drug screening, and searching for tumor markers related to diagnosis, prognosis, and drug resistance.

80

Apoptosis induced by selenium in human glioma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have shown that selenium can inhibit tumorigenesis in tissues. However, little is known about the mechanism\\u000a and the effect of selenium on DNA, especially in brain tumor cells. In this study we examined the biological effect of selenium\\u000a on human glioma cell lines (A172 and T98G). Selenium exhibited an antiproliferative effect on these cell lines (and induced\\u000a the

Zongjian Zhu; Mieko Kimura; Yoshinori Itokawa; Tomokazu Aoki; Jun A. Takahashi; Shouji Nakatsu; Yoshifumi Oda; Haruhiko Kikuchi

1996-01-01

81

An established spleen cell line from Bairdiella chrysura  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A cell line, SP-2, was established from spleen tissue ofBairdiella chrysura (the silver perch). The line is susceptible to lymphocystis virus and the amphibian LT-1 virus but refractory to six additional\\u000a viruses. The modal chromosome number of primary silver perch cells is 48, but SP-2 cells are heteroploid. For growth, Leibovitz\\u000a L-15 medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum and sodium

R. D. Ellender; J. H. Wharton; B. L. Middlebrooks

1979-01-01

82

A kidney epithelial cell line from a bolivian squirrel monkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Squirrel monkeys are the most commonly used New World primates in biomedical research, but in vitro studies are restricted\\u000a by the limited number of cell lines available from this species. We report here the development and characterization of a\\u000a continuous, kidney epithelial cell line (SQMK-FP cells) derived from a newborn squirrel monkey. Karyotype was consistent with\\u000a Bolivian squirrel monkey (submetacentric

Jonathan G. Scammell; J. Allan Tucker; Judy A. King; Charleen M. Moore; James L. Wright; Cathy M. Tuck-Muller

2002-01-01

83

Radiation-induced adaptive response in fish cell lines.  

PubMed

There is considerable interest at present in low-dose radiation effects in non-human species. In this study gamma radiation-induced adaptive response, a low-dose radiation effect, was examined in three fish cell lines, (CHSE-214 (Chinook salmon), RTG-2 (rainbow trout) and ZEB-2J (zebrafish)). Cell survival after exposure to direct radiation with or without a 0.1 Gy priming dose, was determined using the colony forming assay for each cell line. Additionally, the occurrence of a bystander effect was examined by measuring the effect of irradiated cell culture medium from the fish cell lines on unexposed reporter cells. A non-linear dose response was observed for all cell lines. ZEB-2J cells were very sensitive to low doses and a hyper-radiosensitive (HRS) response was observed for doses <0.5 Gy. A typical protective adaptive response was not detected in any of the three fish cell lines tested. Rather, it was found that pre-exposure of these cells to 0.1 Gy radiation sensitized the cells to subsequent high doses. In CHSE-214 cells, increased sensitivity to subsequent high doses of radiation was observed when the priming and challenge doses were separated by 4 h; however, this sensitizing effect was no longer present when the interval between doses was greater than 8 h. Additionally, a "protective" bystander response was observed in these cell lines; exposure to irradiated medium from fish cells caused increased cloning efficiency in unirradiated reporter cells. The data confirm previous conclusions for mammalian cells that the adaptive response and bystander effect are inversely correlated and contrary to expectations probably have different underlying mechanisms. PMID:18054128

Ryan, Lorna A; Seymour, Colin B; O'Neill-Mehlenbacher, Alicia; Mothersill, Carmel E

2008-04-01

84

Changes in gene expression profile in two multidrug resistant cell lines derived from a same drug sensitive cell line.  

PubMed

Resistance to chemotherapy is one of the most relevant aspects of treatment failure in cancer. Cell lines are used as models to study resistance. We analyzed the transcriptional profile of two multidrug resistant (MDR) cell lines (Lucena 1 and FEPS) derived from the same drug-sensitive cell K562. Microarray data identified 130 differentially expressed genes (DEG) between K562 vs. Lucena 1, 1932 between K562 vs. FEPS, and 1211 between Lucena 1 versus FEPS. The NOTCH pathway was affected in FEPS with overexpression of NOTCH2 and HEY1. The highly overexpressed gene in MDR cell lines was ABCB1, and both presented the ABCB1 promoter unmethylated. PMID:24996974

Moreira, Miguel Angelo Martins; Bagni, Carolina; de Pinho, Marcos Barcelos; Mac-Cormick, Thaís Messias; dos Santos Mota, Mateus; Pinto-Silva, Flávio Eduardo; Daflon-Yunes, Nathalia; Rumjanek, Vivian Mary

2014-08-01

85

Development of NK cell expansion methods using feeder cells from human myelogenous leukemia cell line  

PubMed Central

Background Natural killer (NK) cells constantly survey surrounding tissues and remove newly generated cancer cells, independent of cancer antigen recognition. Although there have been a number of attempts to apply NK cells for cancer therapy, clinical application has been somewhat limited because of the difficulty in preparing a sufficient number of NK cells. Therefore, ex vivo NK cell expansion is one of the important steps for developing NK cell therapeutics. Methods CD3+ depleted lymphocytes were cocultured with IL-2 and with feeder cells (peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs], K562, and Jurkat) for 15 days. Expanded NK cells were tested for cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines. Results We compared feeder activities of three different cells-PBMC, K562, and Jurkat. K562 expanded NK cells by almost 20 fold and also showed powerful cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. K562-NK cells remarkably expressed the NK cell activation receptors, NKG2D, and DNAM-1. K562-NK cells exhibited more than two-fold production of cytotoxic granules compared with Jurkat-NK cells, producing more perforin and granzyme B than naïve NK cells. Conclusion Our findings suggest that K562 are more efficient feeder cells than Jurkat or PBMCs. K562 feeder cells expanded NK cells by almost 20 fold and showed powerful cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. We herein propose an intriguing approach for a design of NK cell expansion. PMID:25325034

Bae, Duk Seong

2014-01-01

86

Characterization of three new serous epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Cell lines constitute a powerful model to study cancer, and here we describe three new epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines derived from poorly differentiated serous solid tumors (TOV-1946, and TOV-2223G), as well as the matched ascites for one case (OV-1946). Methods In addition to growth parameters, the cell lines were characterized for anchorage independent growth, migration and invasion potential, ability to form spheroids and xenografts in SCID mice. Results While all cell lines were capable of anchorage independent growth, only the TOV-1946 and OV-1946 cell lines were able to form spheroid and produce tumors. Profiling of keratins, p53 and Her2 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses. Somatic TP53 mutations were found in all cell lines, with TOV-1946 and OV-1946 harboring the same mutation, and none harbored the commonly observed somatic mutations in BRAF, KRAS or germline BRCA1/2 mutations found to recur in the French Canadian population. Conventional cytogenetics and spectral karyotype (SKY) analyses revealed complex karyotypes often observed in ovarian disease. Conclusion This is the first report of the establishment of matched EOC cell lines derived from both solid tumor and ascites of the same patient. PMID:18507860

Ouellet, Veronique; Zietarska, Magdalena; Portelance, Lise; Lafontaine, Julie; Madore, Jason; Puiffe, Marie-Line; Arcand, Suzanna L; Shen, Zhen; Hebert, Josee; Tonin, Patricia N; Provencher, Diane M; Mes-Masson, Anne-Marie

2008-01-01

87

Curcumin Glucuronides: Assessing the Proliferative Activity against Human Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

A gram scale synthesis of the glucuronide metabolites of curcumin were completed in four steps. The newly synthesized curcumin glucuronide compounds 2 and 3 along with curcumin 1 were tested and their anti-proliferative effects against KBM-5, Jurkat cell, U266, and A549 cell lines were reported. Biological data revealed that as much as 1 ?M curcumin 1 exhibited anticancer activity and almost 100% cell kill was noted at 10 ?M on two out of four cell lines; while curcumin mono-glucuronide 2 as well as diglucuronide 3 displayed no suppression of cell proliferation. PMID:24280069

Pal, Ashutosh; Sung, Bokyung; Prasad, Basvoju A. Bhanu; Schuber, Paul T.; Prasad, Sahdeo; Aggarwal, Bharat B.; Bornmann, William G.

2014-01-01

88

Development and characterization of a largemouth bass cell line.  

PubMed

Abstract The development and characterization of a new cell line, derived from the ovary of Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides, is described. Gonad tissue was collected from Largemouth Bass that were electrofished from Oneida Lake, New York. The tissue was processed and grown in culture flasks at approximately 22°C for more than 118 passages during an 8-year period from 2004 to 2011. The identity of these cells as Largemouth Bass origin was confirmed by sequencing a portion of the cytochrome b gene. Growth rate at three different temperatures was documented. The cell line was susceptible to Largemouth Bass virus (LMBV) and its replication was compared with that of Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus fry (BF-2), one of the cell lines recommended for LMBV isolation by the American Fisheries Society Fish Health Section Blue Book. Quantitative PCR results from the replication trial showed the BF-2 cell line produced approximately 10-fold more LMBV copies per cell than the new Largemouth Bass cell line after 6 d, while the titration assay showed similar quantities in each cell line after 1 week. Received February 18, 2014; accepted April 16, 2014. PMID:25229492

Getchell, Rodman G; Groocock, Geoffrey H; Cornwell, Emily R; Schumacher, Vanessa L; Glasner, Lindsay I; Baker, Barry J; Frattini, Stephen A; Wooster, Gregory A; Bowser, Paul R

2014-09-01

89

Single Cell Profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells: Transcriptional Heterogeneity and Diversity from Breast Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background To improve cancer therapy, it is critical to target metastasizing cells. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare cells found in the blood of patients with solid tumors and may play a key role in cancer dissemination. Uncovering CTC phenotypes offers a potential avenue to inform treatment. However, CTC transcriptional profiling is limited by leukocyte contamination; an approach to surmount this problem is single cell analysis. Here we demonstrate feasibility of performing high dimensional single CTC profiling, providing early insight into CTC heterogeneity and allowing comparisons to breast cancer cell lines widely used for drug discovery. Methodology/Principal Findings We purified CTCs using the MagSweeper, an immunomagnetic enrichment device that isolates live tumor cells from unfractionated blood. CTCs that met stringent criteria for further analysis were obtained from 70% (14/20) of primary and 70% (21/30) of metastatic breast cancer patients; none were captured from patients with non-epithelial cancer (n?=?20) or healthy subjects (n?=?25). Microfluidic-based single cell transcriptional profiling of 87 cancer-associated and reference genes showed heterogeneity among individual CTCs, separating them into two major subgroups, based on 31 highly expressed genes. In contrast, single cells from seven breast cancer cell lines were tightly clustered together by sample ID and ER status. CTC profiles were distinct from those of cancer cell lines, questioning the suitability of such lines for drug discovery efforts for late stage cancer therapy. Conclusions/Significance For the first time, we directly measured high dimensional gene expression in individual CTCs without the common practice of pooling such cells. Elevated transcript levels of genes associated with metastasis NPTN, S100A4, S100A9, and with epithelial mesenchymal transition: VIM, TGFß1, ZEB2, FOXC1, CXCR4, were striking compared to cell lines. Our findings demonstrate that profiling CTCs on a cell-by-cell basis is possible and may facilitate the application of ‘liquid biopsies’ to better model drug discovery. PMID:22586443

Coram, Marc A.; Reddy, Anupama; Deng, Glenn; Telli, Melinda L.; Advani, Ranjana H.; Carlson, Robert W.; Mollick, Joseph A.; Sheth, Shruti; Kurian, Allison W.; Ford, James M.; Stockdale, Frank E.; Quake, Stephen R.; Pease, R. Fabian; Mindrinos, Michael N.; Bhanot, Gyan; Dairkee, Shanaz H.; Davis, Ronald W.; Jeffrey, Stefanie S.

2012-01-01

90

Effects of ethanol on an intestinal epithelial cell line  

SciTech Connect

The effect of exposure of an intestinal epithelial cell line to various concentrations of ethanol (217 mM (1%) to 652 mM (3%)) during 24, 48, and 72 hr was investigated in vitro using a rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IRD 98). Incubation of these cells in the presence of ethanol significantly decreased cell growth. This inhibition was accompanied by a strong increase in cellular protein. Stimulation of specific disaccharidases, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and aminopeptidase activities by ethanol was dose- and time-dependent. Ethanol induces a change in the relative proportions of the different lipid classes synthesized; triglycerides, fatty acids, and cholesterol esters were preferentially synthethysed. Our findings show that cell lines are good models for investigation of the effects of ethanol, and that alcohol considerably modifies the functions of intestinal epithelial cells.

Nano, J.L.; Cefai, D.; Rampal, P. (Laboratoire de Gastroenterologie et de Nutrition, U.E.R. de Medecine, Nice (France))

1990-02-01

91

Phenotypes and Karyotypes of Human Malignant Mesothelioma Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumour of serosal surfaces most commonly pleura. Characterised cell lines represent a valuable tool to study the biology of mesothelioma. The aim of this study was to develop and biologically characterise six malignant mesothelioma cell lines to evaluate their potential as models of human malignant mesothelioma. Methods Five lines were initiated from pleural biopsies, and one from pleural effusion of patients with histologically proven malignant mesothelioma. Mesothelial origin was assessed by standard morphology, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and immunocytochemistry. Growth characteristics were assayed using population doubling times. Spectral karyotyping was performed to assess chromosomal abnormalities. Authentication of donor specific derivation was undertaken by DNA fingerprinting using a panel of SNPs. Results Most of cell lines exhibited spindle cell shape, with some retaining stellate shapes. At passage 2 to 6 all lines stained positively for calretinin and cytokeratin 19, and demonstrated capacity for anchorage-independent growth. At passage 4 to 16, doubling times ranged from 30–72 hours, and on spectral karyotyping all lines exhibited numerical chromosomal abnormalities ranging from 41 to 113. Monosomy of chromosomes 8, 14, 22 or 17 was observed in three lines. One line displayed four different karyotypes at passage 8, but only one karyotype at passage 42, and another displayed polyploidy at passage 40 which was not present at early passages. At passages 5–17, TEM showed characteristic features of mesothelioma ultrastructure in all lines including microvilli and tight intercellular junctions. Conclusion These six cell lines exhibit varying cell morphology, a range of doubling times, and show diverse passage-dependent structural chromosomal changes observed in malignant tumours. However they retain characteristic immunocytochemical protein expression profiles of mesothelioma during maintenance in artificial culture systems. These characteristics support their potential as in vitro model systems for studying cellular, molecular and genetic aspects of mesothelioma. PMID:23516439

Relan, Vandana; Morrison, Leanne; Parsonson, Kylie; Clarke, Belinda E.; Duhig, Edwina E.; Windsor, Morgan N.; Matar, Kevin S.; Naidoo, Rishendran; Passmore, Linda; McCaul, Elizabeth; Courtney, Deborah; Yang, Ian A.; Fong, Kwun M.; Bowman, Rayleen V.

2013-01-01

92

METHYLATION OF ARSENITE BY SOME MAMMALIAN CELL LINES  

EPA Science Inventory

THIS ABSTRACT WAS SUBMITTED ELECTRONICALLY;. SPACE CONSTRAINTS WERE SEVERE) Methylation of Arsenite by Some Mammalian Cell Lines. Methylation of arsenite is thought to play an important role in the carcinogenicity of arsenic. Aim 1: Determine if there is diffe...

93

A human liposarcoma cell line producing hyaluronic acid.  

PubMed

A human liposarcoma cell line COLO 222, derived from a primary tumor in a 62-year-old male, elaborates hyaluronic acid. COLO 222 is characterized on the basis of histochemical, ultramorphological, and cytogenetic properties, along with isozyme phenotype and cell products. A chromosome mode of 53 predominates and unique Giemsa-banded marker chromosomes are identified. An autochthonous lymphoid cell line, COLO 143v, was established after the addition of exogenous Epstein-Barr virus. Cytogenetic analysis of Colo 143v is consistent with a normal male karyotype. COLO 143v possesses B-cell characteristics. This autochthonous system had been used for immunological studies and cytotoxicity assays. PMID:6244080

Morgan, R T; Quinn, L A; Moore, G E; Semple, T U; Woods, L K

1980-03-15

94

Antiproliferative Effect of Solanum nigrum on Human Leukemic Cell Lines.  

PubMed

Solanum nigrum is used in various traditional medical systems for antiproliferative, antiinflammatory, antiseizure and hepatoprotective activities. We have evaluated organic solvent and aqueous extracts obtained from berries of Solanum nigrum for antiproliferative activity on leukemic cell lines, Jurkat and HL-60 (Human promyelocytic leukemia cells). The cell viability after the treatment with Solanum nigrum extract was measured by MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay. Results indicated increased cytotoxicity with increasing extract concentrations. Comparative analysis indicated that 50% inhibitory concentration value of methanol extract is the lowest on both cell lines. PMID:23716874

Gabrani, Reema; Jain, Ramya; Sharma, Anjali; Sarethy, Indira P; Dang, Shweta; Gupta, S

2012-09-01

95

Screening Services – NCI-60 DTP Human Tumor Cell Line Screen  

Cancer.gov

The In Vitro Cell Line Screening Project (IVCLSP) is a dedicated service providing direct support to the DTP anticancer drug discovery program. The in vitro cell line screen was implemented in fully operational form in April of 1990. It required approximately five years (1985 - 1990) to develop, and persistence in the effort reflected dissatisfaction with the performance of prior in vivo primary screens. This project is designed to screen up to 3,000 compounds per year for potential anticancer activity.

96

Calmodulin modulates Akt activity in human breast cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth factor-induced activation of Akt occurs in the majority of human breast cancer cell lines resulting in a variety of\\u000a cellular outcomes, including suppression of apoptosis and enhanced survival. We demonstrate that epidermal growth factor (EGF)-initiated\\u000a activation of Akt is mediated by the ubiquitous calcium sensing molecule, calmodulin, in the majority of human breast cancer\\u000a cell lines. Specifically, in estrogen

Christine M. Coticchia; Chetana M. Revankar; Tushar B. Deb; Robert B. Dickson; Michael D. Johnson

2009-01-01

97

Antibodies to major histocompatibility antigens produced by hybrid cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

FUSION between myeloma cells and spleen cells from immunised donors has been shown to be a successful method of deriving homogeneous anti-SRBC (anti-sheep red blood cell) and anti-TNP antibodies1,2. One of the most powerful features of this approach is that, by cloning, one may easily derive cell lines synthesising monoclonal antibodies despite using non-purified immunogens. The multiple components of a

G. Galfre; S. C. Howe; C. Milstein; G. W. BUTCHER; J. C. HOWARD

1977-01-01

98

Gastric cancer cell lines induced by trichostatin A  

PubMed Central

AIM: To explore the effect of trichostatin A (TSA) on apoptosis and acetylated histone H3 levels in gastric cancer cell lines BGC-823 and SGC-7901. METHODS: The effect of TSA on growth inhibition and apoptosis was examined by MTT, fluorescence microscopy and PI single-labeled flow cytometry. The acetylated histone H3 level was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: TSA induced apoptosis in gastric cancer cell lines BGC-823 and SGC-7901 was in a dose and time-dependent manner. Apoptotic cells varied significantly between TSA treated groups (37.5 ng/mL 72 h for BGC-823 cell line and 75 ng/mL 72 h for SGC-7901 cell line) and control group (0.85 ± 0.14 vs 1.14 ± 0.07, P = 0.02; 0.94 ± 0.07 vs 1.15 ± 0.06, P = 0.02). Morphologic changes of apoptosis, including nuclear chromatin condensation and fluorescence strength, were observed under fluorescence microscopy. TSA treatment in BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cell lines obviously induced cell apoptosis, which was demonstrated by the increased percentage of sub-G1 phase cells, the reduction of G1-phase cells and the increase of apoptosis rates in flow cytometric analysis. The result of Western blot showed that the expression of acetylated histone H3 increased in BGC-823 and SGC-7901 TSA treatment groups as compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: TSA can induce cell apoptosis in BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cell lines. The expression of acetylated histone H3 might be correlated with apoptosis. PMID:18720545

Zou, Xiao-Ming; Li, Yun-Long; Wang, Hao; Cui, Wu; Li, Xiao-Lin; Fu, Song-Bin; Jiang, Hong-Chi

2008-01-01

99

Efficacy of ribavirin against malignant glioma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Ribavirin (1-?-D-ribofuranosy-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) has been widely administered as an antiviral agent against RNA and DNA viruses. Ribavirin, in combination with interferon, has predominantly been applied in the treatment of the hepatitis C virus infection and its potential antitumor efficacy has recently become a point of interest. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ribavirin on the growth of malignant glioma cells, to identify novel predictive genes in malignant glioma cells (by analyzing gene expression profiles) and to assess the influence of ribavirin on the cell cycle of malignant glioma cells. The present study evaluated the antitumor efficacy of ribavirin against various malignant glioma cell lines (A-172, AM-38, T98G, U-87MG, U-138MG, U-251MG and YH-13). After culturing the cells in ribavirin-containing culture medium (final concentration, 0–1,000 ?M) for 72 h, the viable proliferated cells were harvested and counted. The half maximal inhibitory concentration of ribavirin, with regard to the growth of the malignant glioma cell lines, was determined from the concentration of ribavirin required for 50% growth inhibition in comparison to the untreated control cells. Furthermore, the current study identified the genes in which the gene expression levels correlated with the ribavirin sensitivity of the malignant glioma cells lines, using a high-density oligonucleotide array. Finally, cell cycle analysis was performed on the U-87MG cell line. It was identified that ribavirin inhibited the growth of all of the malignant glioma cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, although the ribavirin sensitivity varied between each cell line. Of the extracted genes, PDGFRA demonstrated the strongest positive correlation between gene expression level and ribavirin sensitivity. Cell cycle analysis of the U-87MG cell line demonstrated that ribavirin treatment induces G0/G1 arrest and thus may be an effective agent for inhibiting malignant glioma cell growth. Therefore, the results of the current study indicate that ribavirin may have potential as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of malignant gliomas. PMID:25364409

OGINO, AKIYOSHI; SANO, EMIKO; OCHIAI, YUSHI; YAMAMURO, SHUN; TASHIRO, SHINYA; YACHI, KAZUNARI; OHTA, TAKASHI; FUKUSHIMA, TAKAO; OKAMOTO, YUTAKA; TSUMOTO, KOUHEI; UEDA, TAKUYA; YOSHINO, ATSUO; KATAYAMA, YOICHI

2014-01-01

100

Optimal first-line and second-line treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma: current evidence  

PubMed Central

Since 2005, an abundance of targeted agents has been approved for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), without any specification as to what may be the most optimal first-line and second-line sequence. Hence, our objective was to critically examine the evidence supporting the use of first-line and second-line agents in the management of mRCC. Our review suggests that in first line, sunitinib and pazopanib represent treatment options for patients with favorable or intermediate-risk features and clear cell histology. Unfortunately, the Phase III trial cannot conclusively prove the noninferiority of pazopanib relative to sunitinib. Hence, the use of sunitinib as first-line standard of care remains justified. Pazopanib represents an option for specific patients in whom sunitinib might not be tolerated. In patients with poor-risk features, temsirolimus represents the only option supported with level 1 evidence. Less optimal alternatives include sunitinib and bevacizumab combined with interferon, based on the minimal inclusion of poor-risk patients in pivotal Phase III studies of these two molecules. In patients with non-clear cell mRCC, the use of temsirolimus is supported by Phase III data, unlike for any other molecule. In second line, the options consist of everolimus and axitinib. However, the axitinib data are substantially more robust given the inclusion of more patients considered as true second-line, and validly justify the choice of axitinib over everolimus. Nonetheless, the Phase III trial of everolimus may be considered as level 1 evidence for use as third-line or subsequent lines of therapy. PMID:25378943

Sun, Maxine; Larcher, Alessandro; Karakiewicz, Pierre I

2014-01-01

101

Rabeprazole exhibits antiproliferative effects on human gastric cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Intracellular proton extrusion in gastric cancer cells has been reported to promote cancer cell survival under acidic conditions via hydrogen/potassium adenosine triphosphatase (H+/K+-ATPase). Rabeprazole is a frequently used second-generation proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that irreversibly inactivates gastric H+/K+-ATPase. Therefore, we hypothesized that rabeprazole could reduce the viability of gastric cancer cells. In the present study, four human gastric cancer cell lines and one non-cancer gastric cell line were cultured. Cell viability, the ?- and ?-subunits of H+/K+-ATPase and cellular apoptosis were analyzed by dye exclusion assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining, respectively. The expression level of total extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) and phosphorylated-ERK protein was detected by western blot analysis. Gastric cancer cell lines were more tolerant of the acidic culture media than non-cancer cells. Administration of rabeprazole led to a marked decrease in the viability of MKN-28 cells. Exposure to rabeprazole induced significant apoptosis in AGS cells. Rabeprazole completely inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the MKN-28 cells, whereas the same effect was not observed in either the KATO III or MKN-45 cells. The ERK 1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, attenuated the viability of the AGS cells. A similar antiproliferative effect was observed in the rabeprazole treatment group. In addition, PD98059 and rabeprazole were able to efficaciously inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the gastric cancer cells. Therefore, it was concluded that rabeprazole can attenuate the cell viability of human gastric cancer cells through inactivation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The results of the present study demonstrate that rabeprazole inhibits the viability of gastric cancer cells in vitro and may serve as a novel antineoplastic agent.

GU, MENGLI; ZHANG, YAN; ZHOU, XINXIN; MA, HAN; YAO, HANGPING; JI, FENG

2014-01-01

102

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Somatic Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Somatic cell nuclear transfer allows trans-acting factors present in the mammalian oocyte to reprogram somatic cell nuclei to an undifferentiated state. We show that four factors (OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, and LIN28) are sufficient to reprogram human somatic cells to pluripotent stem cells that exhibit the essential characteristics of embryonic stem (ES) cells. These induced pluripotent human stem cells have normal

Junying Yu; Maxim A. Vodyanik; Kim Smuga-Otto; Jessica Antosiewicz-Bourget; Jennifer L. Frane; Shulan Tian; Jeff Nie; Gudrun A. Jonsdottir; Victor Ruotti; Ron Stewart; Igor I. Slukvin; James A. Thomson

2007-01-01

103

Novel cell lines established from pediatric brain tumors  

PubMed Central

The paucity of cell culture models for childhood brain tumors prompted us to establish pediatric cell lines for use in biological experiments and preclinical developmental therapeutic studies. Three cell lines were established, CHLA-200 (GBM), CHLA-259 (anaplastic medulloblastoma) and CHLA-266 (atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor, AT/RT). Consistent with an AT/RT origin, CHLA-266 lacked INI1 expression and had monosomy 22. All lines had unique DNA short tandem repeat “fingerprints” matching that of the patient’s tumor tissue and were adherent on tissue culture plastic, but differed in morphology and doubling times. CHLA-200 had a silent mutation in TP53. CHLA-259 and CHLA-266 had wild-type TP53. All three lines were relatively resistant to multiple drugs when compared to the DAOY medulloblastoma cell line, using the DIMSCAN fluorescence digital image microscopy cytotoxicity assay. RNA expression of MYC and MYCN were quantified using RT-PCR (Taqman). CHLA-200 expressed MYC, DAOY and CHLA-259 expressed MYCN, and CHLA-266 expressed both MYCN and MYC. CHLA-200 was only tumorigenic subcutaneously, but CHLA-259 and CHLA-266 were tumorigenic both subcutaneously and in brains of NOD/SCID mice. Immunohistochemistry of the xenografts revealed GFAP staining in CHLA-200 and PGP 9.5 staining in CHLA-259 and CHLA-266 tumors. As expected, INI1 expression was lacking in CHLA-266 (AT/RT). These three new cell lines will provide useful models for research of pediatric brain tumors. PMID:22120608

Xu, Jingying; Erdreich-Epstein, Anat; Gonzalez-Gomez, Ignacio; Melendez, Elizabeth Y.; Smbatyan, Goar; Moats, Rex A.; Rosol, Michael; Biegel, Jaclyn A.

2012-01-01

104

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems PVL Line  

SciTech Connect

In July 2010, Stark State College (SSC), received Grant DE-EE0003229 from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Golden Field Office, for the development of the electrical and control systems, and mechanical commissioning of a unique 20kW scale high-pressure, high temperature, natural gas fueled Stack Block Test System (SBTS). SSC worked closely with subcontractor, Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc. (RRFCS) over a 13 month period to successfully complete the project activities. This system will be utilized by RRFCS for pre-commercial technology development and training of SSC student interns. In the longer term, when RRFCS is producing commercial products, SSC will utilize the equipment for workforce training. In addition to DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies program funding, RRFCS internal funds, funds from the state of Ohio, and funding from the DOE Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program have been utilized to design, develop and commission this equipment. Construction of the SBTS (mechanical components) was performed under a Grant from the State of Ohio through Ohio's Third Frontier program (Grant TECH 08-053). This Ohio program supported development of a system that uses natural gas as a fuel. Funding was provided under the Department of Energy (DOE) Solid-state Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program for modifications required to test on coal synthesis gas. The subject DOE program provided funding for the electrical build, control system development and mechanical commissioning. Performance testing, which includes electrical commissioning, was subsequently performed under the DOE SECA program. Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems is developing a megawatt-scale solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stationary power generation system. This system, based on RRFCS proprietary technology, is fueled with natural gas, and operates at elevated pressure. A critical success factor for development of the full scale system is the capability to test fuel cell components at a scale and under conditions that can be accurately extrapolated to full system performance. This requires specially designed equipment that replicates the pressure (up to 6.5 bara), temperature (about 910 C), anode and cathode gas compositions, flows and power generation density of the full scale design. The SBTS fuel cell anode gas is produced through the reaction of pipeline natural gas with a mixture of steam, CO2, and O2 in a catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) reactor. Production of the fuel cell anode gas in this manner provides the capability to test a fuel cell with varying anode gas compositions ranging from traditional reformed natural gas to a coal-syngas surrogate fuel. Stark State College and RRFCS have a history of collaboration. This is based upon SSCAs commitment to provide students with skills for advanced energy industries, and RRFCS need for a workforce that is skilled in high temperature fuel cell development and testing. A key to this approach is the access of students to unique SOFC test and evaluation equipment. This equipment is designed and developed by RRFCS, with the participation of SSC interns. In the near-term, the equipment will be used by RRFCS for technology development. When this stage is completed, and RRFCS has moved to commercial products, SSC will utilize this equipment for workforce training. The RRFCS fuel cell design is based upon a unique ceramic substrate architecture in which a porous, flat substrate (tube) provides the support structure for a network of solid oxide fuel cells that are electrically connected in series. These tubes are grouped into a {approx}350-tube repeat configuration, called a stack/block. Stack/block testing, performed at system conditions, provides data that can be confidently scaled to full scale performance. This is the basis for the specially designed and developed test equipment that is required for advancing and accelerating the RRFCS SOFC power system development program. All contract DE-EE0003229 objectives were achieved and deliverables completed during the peri

Susan Shearer - Stark State College; Gregory Rush - Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems

2012-05-01

105

The interaction of normal lymphocytes and cells from lymphoid cell lines  

PubMed Central

Human peripheral blood lymphocytes activated by contact with X-irradiated cells from lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL cells) acquire cytotoxic capacity directed against LCL cells as demonstrated by release of 51Cr from the labelled target. In a large series of cross-over experiments it was possible to demonstrate an element of specificity in the cytotoxic phase in the sense that lymphocytes activated by irradiated cells from line `A' tended to kill target cells of line `A' more efficiently than those of an unrelated line. This `line-directed' specificity was not absolute and in some experiments could not be demonstrated at all. Several factors could be identified which tend to obscure line-directed specificity. Both specific and non-specific cytotoxicity as observed in this in vitro system are probably relevant to the immunological defence of the intact organism against proliferating aberrant lymphoid cells. PMID:4854907

Steel, C. M.; Hardy, D. A.; Ling, N. R.; Lauder, I. J.

1974-01-01

106

Stable, near-haploid mammalian cell line (Dipodomys ordii)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An established SV40-transformed cell line of Dipodomys ordii was cloned for selective loss of chromosomal material. A clone is described which has a modal chromosome number of 50 (in the normal diploid 2n = 72), and has about 66% of the DNA content of normal diploid cells. Karyotype anlysis shows that, although some chromosome rearrangement has taken place, 23 chromosomes

C. J. Bostock; S. Christie; F. T. Hatch; J. A. Mazrimas

1977-01-01

107

76 FR 16609 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Identification of Human Cell Lines Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Identification of Human Cell Lines Project AGENCY: National Institute...repeat (STR) profiling up to 1500 human cell line samples as part of the Identification of Human Cell Lines Project. All data and...

2011-03-24

108

Chemotherapeutic candidate inducing immunological death of human tumor cell lines.  

PubMed

The immunological death induction by EY-6 on the human tumor cell lines was screened. Human colon carcinoma (HCT15, HCT116), gastric carcinoma (MKN74, SNU668), and myeloma (KMS20, KMS26, KMS34) cells were died by EY-6 treatment with dose-dependent manner. CRT expression, a typical marker for the immunological death, was increased on the EY-6-treated colorectal and gastric cancer cells. Interestingly, the effects on the myeloma cell lines were complicated showing cell line dependent differential modulation. Cytokine secretion from the EY-6 treated tumor cells were dose and cell-dependent. IFN-? and IL-12 secretion was increased in the treated cells (200% to over 1000% of non-treated control), except HCT116, SNU668 and KMS26 cells which their secretion was declined by EY-6. Data suggest the potential of EY-6 as a new type of immuno-chemotherapeutics inducing tumor-specific cell death. Further studies are planned to confirm the efficacy of EY-6 including in vivo study. PMID:22740792

Oh, Su-Jin; Ryu, Chung-Kyu; Choi, Inhak; Baek, So-Young; Lee, Hyunah

2012-04-01

109

Establishment, Immortalisation and Characterisation of Pteropid Bat Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background Bats are the suspected natural reservoir hosts for a number of new and emerging zoonotic viruses including Nipah virus, Hendra virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and Ebola virus. Since the discovery of SARS-like coronaviruses in Chinese horseshoe bats, attempts to isolate a SL-CoV from bats have failed and attempts to isolate other bat-borne viruses in various mammalian cell lines have been similarly unsuccessful. New stable bat cell lines are needed to help with these investigations and as tools to assist in the study of bat immunology and virus-host interactions. Methodology/Findings Black flying foxes (Pteropus alecto) were captured from the wild and transported live to the laboratory for primary cell culture preparation using a variety of different methods and culture media. Primary cells were successfully cultured from 20 different organs. Cell immortalisation can occur spontaneously, however we used a retroviral system to immortalise cells via the transfer and stable production of the Simian virus 40 Large T antigen and the human telomerase reverse transcriptase protein. Initial infection experiments with both cloned and uncloned cell lines using Hendra and Nipah viruses demonstrated varying degrees of infection efficiency between the different cell lines, although it was possible to infect cells in all tissue types. Conclusions/Significance The approaches developed and optimised in this study should be applicable to bats of other species. We are in the process of generating further cell lines from a number of different bat species using the methodology established in this study. PMID:20011515

Crameri, Gary; Todd, Shawn; Grimley, Samantha; McEachern, Jennifer A.; Marsh, Glenn A.; Smith, Craig; Tachedjian, Mary; De Jong, Carol; Virtue, Elena R.; Yu, Meng; Bulach, Dieter; Liu, Jun-Ping; Michalski, Wojtek P.; Middleton, Deborah; Field, Hume E.; Wang, Lin-Fa

2009-01-01

110

Generation and establishment of murine adherent cell lines.  

PubMed

We describe a method to derive cell lines and clones from cells of the murine midgestation aorta-gonads-mesonephros (AGM) microenvironment. We start from subdissected AGM regions in "explant" or "single cell suspension" type cultures from embryos transgenic for tsA58, a temperature-sensitive mutant of the SV40 T antigen gene. The number of cells in such cultures initially expand, but in most cases, this expansion phase is followed by a stable or even decline in cell number. After this so-called crisis phase, cell proliferation is noticeable in more than 90% of the cultures. Stromal cell clones can be isolated from these cultures, some of which have been cultured for more than 50 population doublings, and functionally characterized using various methods These stromal cell clones are valuable tools for the study of the regulation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in the midgestation mouse embryo. PMID:23179840

Istvanffy, Rouzanna; Oostendorp, Robert A J

2013-01-01

111

A better cell line for making hybridomas secreting specific antibodies  

Microsoft Academic Search

FUSION of myeloma cells which grow in tissue culture with spleen cells from an immunised mouse provides a general method for obtaining cell lines (hybridomas) which make antibody of the desired specificity1-3. Hybrids derived from these myelomas make the immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy and light chains of the myeloma parent as well as the antigen-specific heavy and light chains of the

Marc Shulman; C. D. Wilde; Georges Köhler

1978-01-01

112

Non-targeted radiation effects in vertebrate cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiation effects, such as bystander effects, hyper radiosensitivity/induced radioresistance (HRS/IRR) and adaptive response that are not related to direct DNA damage are now accepted. However the inter-relationship between them and the possible impact on the scientific basis for radiation protection are highly controversial. This thesis attempts to elucidate the mechanisms of some of these well known but little understood effects. Each paper examines some aspect of bystander effects, adaptive responses and HRS/IRR in an effort to understand how they vary with cell type, dose and time of exposure to single or multiple doses. All the effects involve non-linear dose effect curves and are mainly evident following low doses. Overall findings of the thesis include (1) A clear difference was observed between radioresistant, tumorigenic cell lines with mutant p53 gene expression, and radiosensitive, more normal, cell lines with wild type p53. In general death inducing bystander responses are induced in normal cell populations exposed to low doses of radiation while survival inducing IRR and adaptive responses are seen in the radioresistant tumorigenic cell lines. (2) A cohort of fish cell lines which demonstrated survival promoting bystander effects, also did not show a protective adaptive responses. (3) Adaptive responses traditionally occur when a large challenge dose is given 4--6hrs following low (10--100mGy) priming doses but this thesis shows that for the epithelial cell lines tested, the size of the priming dose (range 0.1--2Gy) does not appear to alter the size of the recovery response. Additionally increased survival could be detected in some cases when the challenge dose was given within one hour of the priming dose. The overall conclusion is that cell lines induce either a bystander response or a protective/adaptive response depending on genetic background and other factors. Care is needed in the interpretation of data generated from only one or two cell lines and in the extrapolation of mechanistic ideas based on one or two cell lines to other cell types or to the in vivo situation.

Ryan, Lorna

113

Adaptation of an insect cell line ( Agallia constricta ) in a mammalian cell culture medium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  An established insect cell line (AC20) from the leafhopperAgallia constricta has been adapted to a mammalian cell culture medium based on the formulation of two commercially available media. The cell\\u000a population doubling time of the adapted line in this medium is approximately 45 hr at 30C.

Arthur H. Mc Intosh; K. Maramorosch; C. Rechtoris

1973-01-01

114

Female Sex Bias in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The factors limiting the rather inefficient derivation of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the sex ratio in our 42 preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)-HESC lines, in an attempt to verify its affect on the establishment of HESC lines. The ratio between male and female PGD-derived cell lines was compared. We found a significant increase in female cell lines (76%). This finding was further confirmed by a meta-analysis for combining the results of all PGD-derived HESC lines published to date (148) and all normal karyotyped HESC lines derived from spare in vitro fertilization embryos worldwide (397). Further, gender determination of embryos demonstrated that this difference originates from the actual derivation process rather than from unequal representation of male and female embryos. It can therefore be concluded that the clear-cut tendency for female preponderance is attributed to suboptimal culture conditions rather than from a true gender imbalance in embryos used for derivation of HESC lines. We propose a mechanism in which aberrant X chromosome inactivation and/or overexpression of critical metabolic X-linked genes might explain this sex dimorphism. PMID:21585244

Ben-Yosef, Dalit; Amit, Ami; Malcov, Mira; Frumkin, Tsvia; Ben-Yehudah, Ahmi; Eldar, Ido; Mey-Raz, Nava; Azem, Foad; Altarescu, Gheona; Renbaum, Paul; Beeri, Rachel; Varshaver, Irit; Eldar-Geva, Talia; Epsztejn-Litman, Silvina; Levy-Lahad, Ephrat

2012-01-01

115

Human neoplastic cells in tissue culture: two established cell lines derived from giant cell tumor and fibrosarcoma.  

PubMed

The establishment and cultivation of two human neoplastic cell lines is described. The cell line B-5GT was derived from bone giant cell tumor and B-6FS from poorly differentiated fibrosarcoma. In comparison to the normal skin fibroblasts both cell lines have a potential for "indefinite" multiplication in vitro and they exhibit growth properties which are associated with malignant transformation. The parameters investigated included cell morphology, chromosome characteristics, terminal cell density, growth pattern, residual DNA synthesis and growth in soft agar. Both cell lines exhibited human karyotype with aneuploidy and differed in their karyotype from each other. PMID:1004657

Thurzo, V; Popovic, M; Matoska, J; Blasko, M; Grófová, M; Lizonová, A; Steno, M

1976-01-01

116

Antiproliferative effect of Tualang honey on oral squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The treatment of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) and human osteosarcoma (HOS) includes surgery and/or radiotherapy which often lead to reduced quality of life. This study was aimed to study the antiproliferative activity of local honey (Tualang) on OSCC and HOS cell lines. Methods Several concentrations of Tualang honey (1% - 20%) were applied on OSCC and HOS cell lines for 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Morphological characteristics were observed under light and fluorescent microscope. Cell viability was assessed using MTT assay and the optical density for absorbance values in each experiment was measured at 570 nm by an ELISA reader. Detection of cellular apoptosis was done using the Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis Detection Kit. Results Morphological appearance showed apoptotic cellular changes like becoming rounded, reduction in cell number, blebbed membrane and apoptotic nuclear changes like nuclear shrinkage, chromatin condensation and fragmented nucleus on OSCC and HOS cell lines. Cell viability assay showed a time and dose-dependent inhibitory effect of honey on both cell lines. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) for OSCC and HOS cell lines was found to be 4% and 3.5% respectively. The maximum inhibition of cell growth of ?80% was obtained at 15% for both cell lines. Early apoptosis was evident by flow cytometry where percentage of early apoptotic cells increased in dose and time dependent manner. Conclusion Tualang honey showed antiproliferative effect on OSCC and HOS cell lines by inducing early apoptosis. PMID:20840769

2010-01-01

117

Inhibitory effect of cinnamoyl compounds against human malignant cell line.  

PubMed

In the present study, anti-proliferative effects of dietary polyphenolic compounds have been observed and demonstrated the strong anticancer efficacy of curcumin (CMN), an active constituent of dietary spice (turmeric) using human leukemia cancer cell line. CMN inhibited the proliferation of K562 leukemic cells by induction of apoptosis. The current study demonstrated synergy with combination of drug therapy, and suggested that combination of ferulic acid and cisplatin synergistically inhibited cellular proliferation. Cytotoxic synergy was observed independent of the sequence of addition of two drugs to cultured cells. The synergized growth inhibitory effect with cisplatin was probably associated with G2-M arrest in cell cycle progression. These findings suggested that among the cinnamoyl compounds, CMN was most potent and FER appeared to be a better modulating agent on human malignant cell line. PMID:16538860

Indap, M A; Radhika, S; Motiwale, Leena; Rao, K V K

2006-03-01

118

Development of immortalized mouse aortic endothelial cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The understanding of endothelial cell biology has been facilitated by the availability of primary endothelial cell cultures from a variety of sites and species; however, the isolation and maintenance of primary mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) remain a formidable challenge. Culturing MAECs is difficult as they are prone to phenotypic drift during culture. Therefore, there is a need to have a dependable in vitro culture system, wherein the primary endothelial cells retain their properties and phenotypes. Methods Here, we developed an effective method to prepare immortalized MAEC (iMAEC) lines. Primary MAECs, initially isolated from aortic explants, were immortalized using a retrovirus expressing polyoma middle T-antigen. Immortalized cells were then incubated with DiI-acetylated-low density lipoprotein and sorted via flow cytometry to isolate iMAECs. Results iMAECs expressed common markers of endothelial cells, including PECAM1, eNOS, VE-cadherin, and von Willebrand Factor. iMAECs aligned in the direction of imposed laminar shear and retained the ability to form tubes. Using this method, we have generated iMAEC lines from wild-type and various genetically modified mice such as p47phox-/-, eNOS-/-, and caveolin-1-/-. Conclusion In summary, generation of iMAEC lines from various genetically modified mouse lines provides an invaluable tool to study vascular biology and pathophysiology. PMID:24690145

2014-01-01

119

Expression of the somatostatin gene in human astrocytoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Somatostatin (somatotropin release-inhibiting hormone; SRIH) has been demonstrated in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) as well as in endocrine cells of the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract and can suppress various immune functions including lymphocyte proliferation, immunoglobulin synthesis, and cytokine production. Since astrocytes possess antigen-presenting activity and can secrete a wide array of immunoregulatory and inflammatory cytokines, we studied SRIH gene expression in both astrocyte cell lines and mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes from healthy donors. We now report by means of a complementary DNA-based reverse transcription PCR that differential levels of SRIH mRNA were expressed in 9 of 11 human astrocytoma cell lines tested but were undetectable in activated peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes as well as in a variety of human lymphocyte and monocyte cell lines. The synthesis and secretion of SRIH protein by astrocytoma cells that expressed SRIH transcripts were confirmed by specific radioimmunoassay of cell culture fluids. These findings support the notion that SRIH gene expression occurs in human astrocytoma cells but not in mature lymphoid cells of the immune system. PMID:8991628

Mercure, L; Tannenbaum, G S; Schipper, H M; Phaneuf, D; Wainberg, M A

1996-03-01

120

Characterization of a Breast Cancer Cell Line Derived from a Germ-Line BRCA1 Mutation Carrier1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A tumor cell line, HCC1937, was established from a primary breast carcinoma from a 24-year-old patient with a germ-line \\/\\/AT t \\/ mutation. A corresponding B-lymphoblastoid cell line was established from the patient's peripheral blood lymphocytes. BRCA1 analysis revealed that the tumor cell line is homozygous for the BRCA1 5382insC mutation, whereas the patient's lymphocyte DNA is heterozygous for the

Gail E. Tomlinson; Victor A. Stastny; Arvind K. Virmani; Monique A. Spillman; Vijay Tonk; Joanne L. Blum; Nancy R. Schneider; Ignacio I. Wistuba; Jerry W. Shay; John D. Minna; Adi F. Gazdar

121

VR09 Cell Line: An EBV-Positive Lymphoblastoid Cell Line with In Vivo Characteristics of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of Activated B-Cell Type  

PubMed Central

Background small B-cell neoplasms can show plasmacytic differentiation and may potentially progress to aggressive lymphoma (DLBCL). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection may cause the transformation of malignant cells in vitro. Design and Method we established VR09 cell line with plasmacytic differentiation, obtained from a case of atypical, non-CLL B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disease with plasmacytic features. We used flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction, cytogenetic analysis and florescence in situ hybridization in the attempt at thoroughly characterizing the cell line. We showed VR09 tumorigenic potential in vivo, leading to the development of activated DLBCL with plasmacytic features. Results VR09 cells displayed plasmacytic appearance and grew as spherical tumors when inoculated subcutaneously into immunodeficient Rag2?/? ?-chain?/? mice. VR09 cell line and tumors displayed the phenotype of activated stage of B cell maturation, with secretory differentiation (CD19+ CD20+ CD79a+ CD79b+/? CD138+ cyclin D1- Ki67 80% IgM+ IgD+ MUM1+ MNDA+ CD10- CD22+ CD23+ CD43+ K+, ?- Bcl2+ Bcl6-) and they presented episomal EBV genome, chromosome 12 trisomy, lack of c-MYC rearrangement and Myd88 gene mutation, presence of somatic hypermutation in the VH region, and wild-type p53. Conclusion This new EBV-positive cell line may be useful to further characterize in vivo activated DLBCL with plasmacytic features. PMID:23285191

Nichele, Ilaria; Zamo, Alberto; Bertolaso, Anna; Bifari, Francesco; Tinelli, Martina; Franchini, Marta; Stradoni, Roberta; Aprili, Fiorenza; Pizzolo, Giovanni; Krampera, Mauro

2012-01-01

122

A CNS catecholaminergic cell line expresses voltage-gated currents.  

PubMed

CATH.a is a central nervous system (CNS) catecholaminergic cell line derived from a transgenic mouse carrying the SV40 T antigen oncogene under the transcriptional control of regulatory elements from the rat tyrosine hydroxylase gene (Suri et al., 1993). CATH.a cells express several differentiated neuronal characteristics including medium and light chain neurofilament proteins, synaptophysin, tyrosine hydroxylase, and dopamine beta-hydroxylase; they synthesize dopamine and norepinephrine. Conversely, they do not express glial-specific fibrillary acidic protein. To establish definitively that CATH.a cells are of neuronal origin, we characterized the repertoire of voltage-gated inward currents expressed by CATH.a cells. Such inward currents are necessary for neuronal excitability. We report that all CATH.a cells possess a tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium current (peak amplitude = 590 +/- 319 pA) and 68% possess a high voltage-activated calcium current (peak amplitude = 175 +/- 67 pA). Pharmacological analyses suggest that individual cells express varying levels of L- and N-type calcium current, but no P-type current. In addition, in 55% of the cells with a calcium current, about a half of this current is resistant to selective antagonists for L- and N-type currents, suggesting that another calcium current exists in these CATH.a cells which is not L-, N-, or P-type. The heterogeneous pattern of current detected persisted in several CATH. a subclones, suggesting that factors other than genetic variability influence current expression. The demonstration that CATH.a cells express these currents indicates that they have excitable membrane properties characteristic of neurons. Although many peripheral nervous system (PNS) cell lines exist, very few CNS cell lines with differentiated neuronal properties exist. Since the CATH.a cells can be grown continuously in large amounts, they may be useful for purifying, characterizing, and/or cloning various neuronal-specific molecules and thereby may add to our understanding of CNS catecholaminergic neurons. PMID:8661508

Lazaroff, M; Dunlap, K; Chikaraishi, D M

1996-06-01

123

Molecular cytogenetic analysis of breast cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

The extensive chromosome rearrangements of breast carcinomas must contribute to tumour development, but have been largely intractable to classical cytogenetic banding. We report here the analysis by 24-colour karyotyping and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) of 19 breast carcinoma cell lines and one normal breast epithelial cell line, which provide model examples of karyotype patterns and translocations present in breast carcinomas. The CGH was compared with CGH of 106 primary breast cancers. The lines varied from perfectly diploid to highly aneuploid. Translocations were very varied and over 98% were unbalanced. The most frequent in the carcinomas were 8;11 in five lines; and 8;17, 1;4 and 1;10 in four lines. The most frequently involved chromosome was 8. Several lines showed complex multiply-translocated chromosomes. The very aneuploid karyotypes appeared to fall into two groups that evolved by different routes: one that steadily lost chromosomes and at one point doubled their entire karyotype; and another that steadily gained chromosomes, together with abnormalities. All karyotypes fell within the range seen in fresh material and CGH confirmed that the lines were broadly representative of fresh tumours. The karyotypes provide a resource for the cataloguing and analysis of translocations in these tumours, accessible at http://www.path.cam.ac.uk/~pawefish. © 2000 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:11044355

Davidson, J M; Gorringe, K L; Chin, S-F; Orsetti, B; Besret, C; Courtay-Cahen, C; Roberts, I; Theillet, C; Caldas, C; Edwards, P A W

2000-01-01

124

Pretreatment of therapeutic cells with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor enhances their efficacy in an in vitro model of cell-based therapy in myocardial infarct  

PubMed Central

The potential of cell-based therapies in diseases involving ischemia-reperfusion is greatly hampered by the excessive loss of administered cells in the harsh and oxidative environment where these cells are supposed to act. Therefore, we investigated if inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the therapeutically added cells would lead to their increased viability and, subsequently, to an enhanced effect in an in vitro simulated ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) setting. Ischemic conditions were simulated by oxygen and glucose deprivation for 160 min using H9c2 rat cardiomyoblast cells. After 30 min of reperfusion, these cells received 4 types of treatments: no added cells (I-R model), fluorescently labeled (Vybrant DiD) therapeutic H9c2 cells with vehicle (H9c2) or PARP inhibitor (10 ?M or 100 ?M PJ34) pretreatment. We assessed viability (live, apoptotic and necrotic) of both ‘postischemic’ and therapeutic cells with flow cytometric analysis using calcein-AM/ethidium homodimer-2 fluorescent staining after 24 h of co-culture. Further measurements on necrosis and metabolic activity were performed using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and resazurin based assays. The percentage of surviving therapeutic cells increased significantly with PARP inhibition (untreated, 52.02±5.01%; 10 ?M PJ34, 63.38±4.50%; 100 ?M PJ34, 64.99±3.47%). The percentage of necrotic cells decreased in a similar manner (untreated, 37.23±4.40%; 10 ?M PJ34, 26.83±3.49%; 100 ?M PJ34, 24.96±2.43%). Notably, the survival of the cells that suffered I-R injury was also significantly higher when treated with PARP-inhibited therapeutic cells (I-R model, 36.44±5.05%; H9c2, 42.81±5.11%; 10 ?M PJ34, 52.07±5.80%; 100 ?M PJ34, 54.95±5.55%), while necrosis was inhibited (I-R model, 43.64±4.00%; H9c2, 37.29±4.55%; 10 ?M PJ34, 30.18±4.60%; 100 ?M PJ34, 25.52±3.47%). In subsequent experiments, PARP inhibition decreased LDH-release of the observed combined cell population and enhanced the metabolic activity. Thus, our results suggest that pretreating the therapeutically added cells with a PARP inhibitor could be beneficial in the setting of cell-based therapies. PMID:23165319

SZEPES, MONIKA; JANICSEK, ZSOFIA; BENKO, ZSOLT; CSELENYAK, ATTILA; KISS, LEVENTE

2012-01-01

125

Macrophage cell lines use CD81 in cell growth regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

CD81 is an integral membrane protein belonging to the tetraspanin superfamily. It has two extracellular domains that interact\\u000a with cell surface proteins and two intracellular tails that contribute to cellular processes. Although there are considerable\\u000a data about how CD81 affects T- and B-cell function, not much is known about how it impacts macrophages. To address this, we\\u000a established four cell

Whitney J. Mordica; Keith M. Woods; Rollie J. Clem; A. Lorena Passarelli; Stephen K. Chapes

2009-01-01

126

Validating classical line profile analyses using microbeam diffraction from individual dislocation cell walls and cell interiors  

SciTech Connect

Dislocation structures in deformed metals produce broad asymmetric diffraction line profiles. During analysis, these profiles are generally separated into two nearly symmetric subprofiles corresponding to diffraction by dislocation cell walls and cell interiors. These subprofiles are then interpreted using complex models of dislocation-based line broadening. Until now, it has not been possible to test the many assumptions that are made in such an analysis. Here, depth-resolved microbeam diffraction was used to measure diffraction line profiles from numerous individual dislocation cell walls and cell interiors in a heavily deformed Cu single crystal. Summing these profiles directly constructed the cell-interior and cell-wall subprofiles that have been approximated in the line profile analysis literature for the past 30 years. Direct comparison between the reconstructed subprofiles and the macroscopic asymmetric line profile from the same sample allows the first direct tests of many of the assumptions that have been used for interpreting these X-ray measurements.

Levine, Lyle E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Geantil, P. [University of Southern California; Larson, Ben C [ORNL; Tischler, Jonathan Zachary [ORNL; Kassner, Michael E. [University of Southern California; Liu, Wenjun [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

2012-01-01

127

Cell membrane fatty acid composition differs between normal and malignant cell lines.  

PubMed

Twenty-eight fatty acids (C8:0 to C24:l n-9) were measured by gas chromatography in four normal cell lines (C3H / 10T1 / 2, CCD-18Co, CCD-25SK and CCD-37Lu) and seven cancer cell lines (C-41, Caov-3, LS-180, PC-3, SK-MEL-28, SK-MES-1 and U-87 MG). Results show differences in the content and proportions of fatty acids when comparing cancer cell lines with their normal counterparts. Cancer cell lines showed lower C20: 4 n-6, C24:1 n-9, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA's) and ratios of C20:4 n-6 to C20:5 n-3 and C16:0 to C18:1 n-9 and stearic to oleic (SA/OA) than their normal counterparts. All cancer cell lines had SA/OA ratios lower than 7.0 while normal cell lines had ratios greater than 0.7 (p<0.05). In addition, the ratios of total saturated fatty acids (SFA) to PUFA'S and the concentration of C18:1 n-9, C18:2 n-6, C20:5 n-3 were higher in cancer cell lines as compared to normal cell lines. A positive correlation was detected between C16:0 and longer SFA'S (r = +0.511, p<0.05) in normal cell lines whereas a negative correlation (r=0.608, p<0.05) was obtained for malignant cell lines. Moreover, cancerous cell lines exhibited a particular desaturation defect and an abnormal incorporation of C18:2 n-6 and C20-4 n-6 fatty acids. PMID:15377057

Meng, Xialong; Riordan, Neil H; Riordan, Hugh D; Mikirova, Nina; Jackson, James; González, Michael J; Miranda-Massari, Jorge R; Mora, Edna; Trinidad Castillo, Waleska

2004-06-01

128

A CNS Catecholaminergic Cell Line Expresses Voltage-gated Currents  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   CATH.a is a central nervous system (CNS) catecholaminergic cell line derived from a transgenic mouse carrying the SV40 T antigen\\u000a oncogene under the transcriptional control of regulatory elements from the rat tyrosine hydroxylase gene (Suri et al., 1993).\\u000a CATH.a cells express several differentiated neuronal characteristics including medium and light chain neurofilament proteins,\\u000a synaptophysin, tyrosine hydroxylase, and dopamine ?-hydroxylase; they

M. Lazaroff; K. Dunlap; D. M. Chikaraishi

1996-01-01

129

Factors Affecting Antigen Uptake by Human Intestinal Epithelial Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the role of size, solubility, and prophagocytic cytokines interferon-? (IFN-?), and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulatory factor (GM-CSF) in antigen uptake and kinetics by intestinal epithelial cells using keyhole limpet hemocyanin and ovalbumin. Both fluoresceinated keyhole limpet hemocyanin (3000–7500 kDa) and fluoresceinated ovalbumin (45 kDa) were internalized by human colonic epithelial cell lines, with kinetics similar to those of fluoresceinated

AgnesLaiping So; Gillian Small; Kirk Sperber; Kai Becker; Erwin Oei; Max Tyorkin; Lloyd Mayer

2000-01-01

130

Differential effect of artemisinin against cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

The present study aims at defining the differential cytotoxicity effect of artemisinin toward P815 (murin mastocytoma) and BSR (kidney adenocarcinoma of hamster) cell lines. Cytotoxicity was measured by the growth inhibition using MTT assay. These in vitro cytotoxicity studies were complemented by the determination of apoptotic DNA fragmentation and Annexin V- streptavidin-FITC assay. Furthermore, we examined the in vitro synergism between artemisinin and the chemotherapeutic drug, vincristin. The in vivo study was investigated using the DBA2/P815 (H2d) mouse model. While artemisinin acted on both tumor cell lines, P815 was much more sensitive to this drug than BSR cells, as revealed by the respective IC50 values (12 µM for P815 and 52 µM for BSR cells). On another hand, and interestingly, apoptosis was induced in P815 but not induced in BSR. These data, reveal an interesting differential cytotoxic effect, suggesting the existence of different molecular interactions between artemisinin and the studied cell lines. In vivo, our results clearly showed that the oral administration of artemisinin inhibited solid tumor development. Our study demonstrates that artemisinin caused differential cytotoxic effects depending not only on the concentration and time of exposure but also on the target cells. PMID:24955301

Tilaoui, Mounir; Mouse, Hassan Ait; Jaafari, Abdeslam; Zyad, Abdelmajid

2014-06-01

131

Zebrafish kidney stromal cell lines support multilineage hematopoiesis  

PubMed Central

Studies of zebrafish hematopoiesis have been largely performed using mutagenesis approaches and retrospective analyses based upon gene expression patterns in whole embryos. We previously developed transplantation assays to test the repopulation potentials of candidate hematopoietic progenitor cells. We have been impaired, however, in determining cellular differentiation potentials by a lack of short-term functional assays. To enable more precise analyses of hematopoietic progenitor cells, we have created zebrafish kidney stromal (ZKS) cell lines. Culture of adult whole kidney marrow with ZKS cells results in the maintenance and expansion of hematopoietic precursor cells. Hematopoietic growth is dependent upon ZKS cells, and we show that ZKS cells express many growth factors and ligands previously demonstrated to be important in maintaining mammalian hematopoietic cells. In the absence of exogenous growth factors, ZKS cells maintain early hematopoietic precursors and support differentiation of lymphoid and myeloid cells. With the addition of zebrafish erythropoietin, ZKS cells also support the differentiation of erythroid precursors. These conditions have enabled the ability to ascertain more precisely the points at which hematopoietic mutants are defective. The development of robust in vitro assays now provide the means to track defined, functional outcomes for prospectively isolated blood cell subsets in the zebrafish. PMID:19433857

Stachura, David L.; Reyes, Jason R.; Bartunek, Petr; Paw, Barry H.; Zon, Leonard I.

2009-01-01

132

Establishment of tendon-derived cell lines exhibiting pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell-like property  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of the musculoskeletal system requires coordinated formation of distinct types of tissues, including bone, cartilage, muscle, and tendon. Compared to muscle, cartilage, and bone, cellular and molecular bases of tendon development have not been well understood due to the lack of tendon cell lines. The purpose of this study was to establish and characterize tendon cell lines. Three clonal

R Salingcarnboriboon; H Yoshitake; K Tsuji; M Obinata; T Amagasa; A Nifuji; M Noda

2003-01-01

133

The potassium channel opener NS1619 modulates calcium homeostasis in muscle cells by inhibiting SERCA.  

PubMed

NS1619 (1,3-dihydro-1-[2-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-benzimidazole-2-one) is widely used as a large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BKCa) channel opener. It was previously reported that activation of BKCa channels by NS1619 could protect the cardiac muscle against ischaemia and reperfusion injury. This study reports the effects of NS1619 on intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis in H9C2 and C2C12 cells as well as its molecular mechanism of action. The effects of NS1619 on Ca(2+) homeostasis in C2C12 and H9C2 cells were assessed using the Fura-2 fluorescence method. Ca(2+) uptake by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles isolated from rat skeletal muscles and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity were measured. The effect of NS1619 on the isometric force of papillary muscle contraction in the guinea pig heart was also examined. H9C2 and C2C12 cells treated with NS1619 released Ca(2+) from internal stores in a concentration-dependent manner. Ca(2+) accumulation by the SR vesicles was inhibited by NS1619 treatment. NS1619 also decreased the activity of SERCA derived from rat skeletal muscle. The calcium release from cell internal stores and inhibition of SERCA by NS1619 are pH dependent. Finally, NS1619 had a profound effect on the isometric force of papillary muscle contraction in the guinea pig heart. These results indicate that NS1619 is a potent modulator of the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in H9C2 and C1C12 cells due to its interaction with SRs. The primary target of NS1619 is SERCA, which is located in SR vesicles. The effect of NS1619-mediated SERCA inhibition on cytoprotective processes should be considered. PMID:24813114

Wrzosek, Antoni

2014-07-01

134

Promotion of cell proliferation and inhibition of ADCC by cancerous immunoglobulin expressed in cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the significance of cancerous immunoglobulin (Ig) in cancer cell growth, HeLa cervical cancer cells were stably transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) that specifically, efficiently and consistently silences the expression of heavy chain genes of all immunoglobulin isotypes. This stable cell line was used to examine cell viability, colony formation and tumor growth in athymic nude mice. The

Ming Li; Hui Zheng; Zhi Duan; Haidan Liu; Duosha Hu; Ann Bode; Zigang Dong; Ya Cao

2012-01-01

135

Cadmium and mercury toxicity in a human fetal hepatic cell line (WRL-68 cells)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg), as chloride salts, were studied using an hepatic human fetal cell line (WRL-68 cells). From viability curves and the proliferative capacity of the cell in the presence of the metal, three different cell treatments were chosen, (1) 0.5 ?M of the metal chloride for 24 h (acute low dose treatment), (2)

L. Bucio; V. Souza; A. Albores; A. Sierra; E. Chávez; A. Cárabez; M. C. Gutiérrez-Ruiz

1995-01-01

136

USING NEUROBLASTOMA CELL LINES TO EXAMINE ORGANOPHOSPHATE NEUROTOXICITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The need to deploy IN VITRO models to test neurotoxic scribes the use of by industry and government regulatory agencies. his research describes the neuroblastoma cell lines to address the relationship between esterase inhibition and neurotoxic outcome following exposure to organo...

137

Differential Sensitivity in the Survival of Oligodendrocyte Cell Lines to  

E-print Network

Differential Sensitivity in the Survival of Oligodendrocyte Cell Lines to Overexpression of Myelin in oligodendrocyte survival by overexpression studies in vitro and in vivo. The classic and sr proteolipids are targeted to different cellular com- partments in the oligodendrocyte, suggesting different cellular

Bongarzone, Ernesto R.

138

Characterization of a Selenocystine-Resistant Carrot Cell Line 1  

PubMed Central

A selenocystine-resistant carrot cell line, C-1, was isolated from a haploid carrot (Daucus carota) cell culture, HA. The C-1 variant takes up cystine, but not cysteine, more slowly than does HA. The selenocystine resistance is maintained in culture in the absence of selection and is expressed in regenerated plants. Results based on chromatographic separation of sulfur metabolites from cells fed with [35S]cystine suggest a block either in the uptake or reduction of cystine in the variant. Both lines can grow on cystine as sole sulfur source. Growth of the HA line on cystine suppressed the development of sulfate uptake capacity (Furner, Sung 1982 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 79: 1149-1153), while cystine-grown C-1 cells have high levels of sulfate uptake capacity. We suggest that the C-1 line, grown on cystine, accumulates an insufficient quantity of some sulfur metabolite, which is involved in the control of sulfate uptake, to suppress the uptake. C-1 grown on cystine is more sensitive than HA to growth inhibition by the sulfate analog selenate. PMID:16662864

Furner, Ian J.; Sung, Zinmay R.

1983-01-01

139

Spontaneous malignant transformation in two epithelial cell lines of rat liver cells.  

PubMed

The cellular morphology, chromosomal structure, and tumorigenicity of two lines (B and J-13) of rat epithelial cells were examined serially during in vitro cultivation. The cells for such cultures were derived from the hepatic tissues of two 7-day-old male rats of the Donryu strain. The cultured cells were first inoculated into newborn syngenetic rats on the 641st day in vitro (80th subcultures) for line B, and on the 446th day (58 subcultures) for line J-13. The inoculated cells produced tumors with hemorrhagic ascites in rats after long latent periods, viz, 215-599 days in line B and 170-369 days in line J-13. All the tumors were undifferentiated hepatocarcinomas. The pleomorphism in shape and size of the cultured cells gradually became obvious with time of cultivation and was more pronounced in recultured tumor cells. Chromosomes of the culured cells were a normal diploid pattern until about the 200th day in vitro, but thereafter the modal chromsome number shifted to hypodiploid or hypotriploid via hypodiploid stages. The chromosome constitution of recultured tumor cells resembled that of inoculated cells in number distribution, but had changed to a more complicated karyotype. In experiments with line B, the same marker chromosome was detected in all tumor cells analyzed as had been present in inoculated cells. PMID:188308

Masuji, H; Sato, J

1976-10-01

140

Human small cell lung cancer cell lines express functional atrial natriuretic peptide receptors.  

PubMed

Small cell lung cancer cell (SCLC) lines, NCI-H82, NCI-H660, and NCI-H1284, and HeLa cells were analyzed for the presence of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors. In these SCLC cell lines and HeLa cells, ANP A receptor mRNA was identified by Southern blot analyses of polymerase chain reaction products and RNase protection assays using poly(A)(+)-selected RNA. Saturable binding assays revealed that HeLa cells had 2000 to 5000 high affinity atrial natriuretic peptide receptors per cell with a dissociation constant of 140 pM. In the SCLC cell lines, the binding was saturable but too low to accurately estimate the number of binding sites. After addition of human ANP, radioimmunoassays revealed accumulation of cyclic GMP in SCLC cells as well as HeLa cells in a dose-dependent fashion. The half-maximal stimulation concentration of cyclic GMP accumulation in HeLa and these SCLC cell lines was approximately 2 nM. Tetrazolyl blue assays and tritiated thymidine incorporation did not show any remarkable growth inhibition or growth stimulation of SCLC cell lines after addition of human ANP up to 3.3 microM, more than 1000-fold greater than the half-maximal stimulation concentration of cyclic GMP accumulation. Our results indicate that human SCLC cells express functional ANP receptors but ANP addition produced no detectable change in their growth pattern. PMID:8391389

Ohsaki, Y; Yang, H K; Le, P T; Jensen, R T; Johnson, B E

1993-07-01

141

Cytotoxic effects of Euterpe oleracea Mart. in malignant cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Euterpe oleracea Mart., a plant from the Amazon region, is commonly known as açaí or juçara; it has high nutritional value and elevated levels of lipids, proteins, and minerals. Açaí is an abundant and much consumed fruit by the Amazon local population, and studies have demonstrated that it is rich in phytochemicals with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test this plant for anticancer activity in different human malignant cell lines. Methods Cell lines derived from breast and colorectal adenocarcinomas were treated with 10, 20, and 40 ?g/mL of bark, seed, and total açaí fruit hydroalcoholic extracts for 24 and 48 h. After treatment, cell viability was measured using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays, and cell morphological features were observed by light and transmission electron microscopy. The type of cell death was also evaluated. The data were analyzed statistically by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Dunnett’s or Tukey’s post hoc tests, as appropriate. Results We observed that of all the cell lines tested, MCF-7 was the only line that responded to açaí treatment. The extracts caused significant reduction (p?cell viability and altered cell morphological features by inducing the appearance of autophagic vacuoles, as observed by transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, increased expression of LC3BII, a protein marker of autophagosome formation, was observed by western blotting. Caspase Glo™ assays and morphologic observations by DAPI nuclear staining and transmission electron microscopy did not indicate any apoptotic events. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that açaí possesses antitumorigenic potential in the MCF-7 cell line. Further studies are needed to identify the compound (s) responsible for this cytotoxic activity and the molecular target in the cell. This discovery of the anticancer potential of açaí may help in the development of chemopreventive drugs and may have therapeutic effects in the treatment of breast cancer. PMID:24886139

2014-01-01

142

BRITER: A BMP Responsive Osteoblast Reporter Cell Line  

PubMed Central

Background BMP signaling pathway is critical for vertebrate development and tissue homeostasis. High-throughput molecular genetic screening may reveal novel players regulating BMP signaling response while chemical genetic screening of BMP signaling modifiers may have clinical significance. It is therefore important to generate a cell-based tool to execute such screens. Methodology/Principal Findings We have established a BMP responsive reporter cell line by stably integrating a BMP responsive dual luciferase reporter construct in the immortalized calvarial osteoblast cells isolated from tamoxifen inducible Bmp2; Bmp4 double conditional knockout mouse strain. This cell line, named BRITER (BMP Responsive Immortalized Reporter cell line), responds robustly, promptly and specifically to exogenously added BMP2 protein. The sensitivity to added BMP may be further increased by depleting the endogenous BMP2 and BMP4 proteins. Conclusion As the dynamic range of the assay (for BMP responsiveness) is very high for BRITER and as it responds specifically and promptly to exogenously added BMP2 protein, BRITER may be used effectively for chemical or molecular genetic screening for BMP signaling modifiers. Identification of novel molecular players capable of influencing BMP signaling pathway may have clinical significance. PMID:22611465

Bandyopadhyay, Amitabha

2012-01-01

143

Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis of two mouse hepatocarcinoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study genetic difference of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) between two hepatocarcinoma cell lines (Hca-F and Hca-P) with diverse metastatic characteristics and the relationship between mtDNA changes in cancer cells and their oncogenic phenotype. METHODS: Mitochondrial DNA D-loop, tRNAMet+Glu+Ile and ND3 gene fragments from the hepatocarcinoma cell lines with 1100, 1126 and 534 bp in length respectively were analysed by PCR amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques. The D-loop 3’ end sequence of the hepatocarcinoma cell lines was determined by sequencing. RESULTS: No amplification fragment length polymorphism and restriction fragment length polymorphism were observed in tRNAMet+Glu+Ile, ND3 and D-loop of mitochondrial DNA of the hepatocarcinoma cells. Sequence differences between Hca-F and Hca-P were found in mtDNA D-loop. CONCLUSION: Deletion mutations of mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment may not play a significant role in carcinogenesis. Genetic difference of mtDNA D-loop between Hca-F and Hca-P, which may reflect the environmental and genetic influences during tumor progression, could be linked to their tumorigenic phenotypes. PMID:15633228

Dai, Ji-Gang; Lei, Xia; Min, Jia-Xin; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Wei, Hong

2005-01-01

144

PRODUCTION OF MACROPHAGE MIGRATION INHIBITION FACTOR BY CONTINUOUS CELL LINES  

PubMed Central

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was found in media of human and mouse lymphocyte and fibroblast cell lines that were continuously growing. Its release was dependent on activation of the cells to enter the mitotic cycle, particularly on cells in S phase. The greatest quantity of MIF was detected in supernatants of lymphocytes collected during S phase after the cells were synchronized in G1 and in supernatants of growing fibroblasts. When the latter were contact inhibited little or no MIF was found in media. MIF was also released into media of cells proliferating in homologous serum in the absence of fetal calf serum and into media lacking any protein. The MIF produced by lymphocyte lines eluted from Sephadex G-100 in the same fashion as MIF produced by the interaction of sensitized guinea pig cells and antigen. The results indicated that MIF is not a specific mediator of delayed hypersensitivity and cellular immunity and that MIF released by sensitized lymphocytes incubated with antigen merely reflects that fraction of cells activated by antigen to enter the mitotic cycle. PMID:5060291

Tubergen, David G.; Feldman, Joseph D.; Pollock, E. M.; Lerner, Richard A.

1972-01-01

145

Transient recombinant protein expression in a human amniocyte cell line: the CAP-T® cell system.  

PubMed

The impact of transient gene expression approaches (TGE) on the rapid production of recombinant proteins is undisputed, despite that all efforts are currently relying on two host cell families only, namely HEK293 derivatives and CHO cell line(s). Yet, the increasing complexity of biological targets calls for more than two host cell types to meet the challenges of difficult-to-express proteins. For this reason, we evaluated the more recently established novel CAP-T® cell line derived from human amniocytes for its performance and potential in transient gene expression. Upon careful analyses and adaptation of all process parameters we show here that indeed the CAP-T® cells are extremely amenable to transient gene expression and recombinant protein production. Additionally, they possess inherent capabilities to express and secrete complex and difficult target molecules, thus adding an attractive alternative to the repertoire of existing host cell lines used in transient production processes. PMID:22488157

Fischer, Simon; Charara, Nadine; Gerber, Andrea; Wölfel, Jens; Schiedner, Gudrun; Voedisch, Bernd; Geisse, Sabine

2012-09-01

146

Cytotoxicity evaluation of silica nanoparticles using fish cell lines.  

PubMed

Nanoparticles (NPs) have extensive industrial, biotechnological, and biomedical/pharmaceutical applications, leading to concerns over health risks to humans and biota. Among various types of nanoparticles, silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) have become popular as nanostructuring, drug delivery, and optical imaging agents. SiO2 NPs are highly stable and could bioaccumulate in the environment. Although toxicity studies of SiO2 NPs to human and mammalian cells have been reported, their effects on aquatic biota, especially fish, have not been significantly studied. Twelve adherent fish cell lines derived from six species (rainbow trout, fathead minnow, zebrafish, goldfish, haddock, and American eel) were used to comparatively evaluate viability of cells by measuring metabolic impairment using Alamar Blue. Toxicity of SiO2 NPs appeared to be size-, time-, temperature-, and dose-dependent as well as tissue-specific. However, dosages greater than 100 ?g/mL were needed to achieve 24 h EC50 values (effective concentrations needed to reduce cell viability by 50%). Smaller SiO2 NPs (16 nm) were relatively more toxic than larger sized ones (24 and 44 nm) and external lining epithelial tissue (skin, gills)-derived cells were more sensitive than cells derived from internal tissues (liver, brain, intestine, gonads) or embryos. Higher EC50 values were achieved when toxicity assessment was performed at higher incubation temperatures. These findings are in overall agreement with similar human and mouse cell studies reported to date. Thus, fish cell lines could be valuable for screening emerging contaminants in aquatic environments including NPs through rapid high-throughput cytotoxicity bioassays. PMID:24357037

Vo, Nguyen T K; Bufalino, Mary R; Hartlen, Kurtis D; Kitaev, Vladimir; Lee, Lucy E J

2014-05-01

147

Development and Characterization of a Nonmorphogenetic Cell Line of Wheat ( Triticum aestivum )  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to compare characteristics of a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cell line to those of the maize (Zea mays L.) black Mexican sweet (BMS) cell line and to compare protoplasts isolated from suspension cells of these cell lines. The\\u000a wheat cell line was established from immature-embryo derived callus of the experimental line ‘ND7532’ and was conditioned\\u000a for

Arron C. Guenzi; Kay Scheets; J. Larry Green; John P. Fellers

2004-01-01

148

Proteoglycans secreted by packaging cell lines inhibit retrovirus infection.  

PubMed Central

Using a model recombinant retrovirus encoding the Escherichia coli lacZ gene, we have found that medium conditioned with NIH 3T3 cells and packaging cell lines derived from NIH 3T3 cells inhibits infection. Most of the inhibitory activity was greater than 100 kDa and was sensitive to chondroitinase ABC digestion, which is consistent with the inhibitor being a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. Proteoglycans secreted by NIH 3T3 cells and purified by anion-exchange chromatography inhibited amphotropic retrovirus infection. Pretreatment of amphotropic retrovirus stocks with chondroitinase ABC boosted the level of transduction efficiency by more than twofold. The implications of these findings with respect to retrovirus-cell interactions and the production of high-titer retroviral stocks are discussed. PMID:8709284

Le Doux, J M; Morgan, J R; Snow, R G; Yarmush, M L

1996-01-01

149

Determination of NAD+ and NADH level in a Single Cell Under H2O2 Stress by Capillary Electrophoresis  

SciTech Connect

A capillary electrophoresis (CE) method is developed to determine both NAD{sup +} and NADH levels in a single cell, based on an enzymatic cycling reaction. The detection limit can reach down to 0.2 amol NAD{sup +} and 1 amol NADH on a home-made CE-LIF setup. The method showed good reproducibility and specificity. After an intact cell was injected into the inlet of a capillary and lysed using a Tesla coil, intracellular NAD{sup +} and NADH were separated, incubated with the cycling buffer, and quantified by the amount of fluorescent product generated. NADH and NAD{sup +} levels of single cells of three cell lines and primary astrocyte culture were determined using this method. Comparing cellular NAD{sup +} and NADH levels with and without exposure to oxidative stress induced by H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, it was found that H9c2 cells respond to the stress by reducing both cellular NAD{sup +} and NADH levels, while astrocytes respond by increasing cellular NADH/NAD{sup +} ratio.

Wenjun Xi

2008-08-18

150

Increased radioresistance of an in vitro transformed human small cell lung cancer cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

After 4–6 months in continuous culture the human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell line, U-1906, changed its radiobiological characteristics spontaneously. The cell line became more radioresistant indicating an increased repair capacity. This change was accompanied by a more adherent growth pattern, a higher clonogeneity, a decrease in the cytokeratin (tissue polypeptide antigen) content and increased glucagon and neuron-specific enolase

O. Brodin; H. Arnberg; J. Bergh; S. Nilsson

1995-01-01

151

Selective migration of neuralized embryonic stem cells to stem cell factor and media conditioned by glioma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Pluripotent mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells can be induced in vitro to become neural progenitors. Upon transplantation, neural progenitors migrate toward areas of damage and inflammation in the CNS. We tested whether undifferentiated and neuralized mouse ES cells migrate toward media conditioned by glioma cell lines (C6, U87 & N1321) or Stem Cell Factor (SCF). RESULTS: Cell migration assays

Peter Serfozo; Maggie S Schlarman; Chris Pierret; Bernard L Maria; Mark D Kirk

2006-01-01

152

Characteristics of bovine inner cell mass-derived cell lines and their fate in chimeric conceptuses.  

PubMed

Bovine embryonic stem (ES) cells have the potential to provide significant benefits in a range of agricultural and biomedical applications. Here, we employed a combination of conventional methods using glycogen synthase kinase 3 and mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors to establish ES cell lines from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) bovine embryos. Five male cell lines were established from IVF embryos, and two female and three male cell lines from SCNT blastocysts; we named these lines bovine ES cell-like cells (bESLCs). The lines exhibited dome-shaped colonies, stained positively for alkaline phosphatase, and expressed pluripotent stem cell markers such as POU5F1, SOX2, and SSEA-1. The expression levels of these markers, especially for NANOG, varied among the cell lines. A DNA methylation assay showed the POU5F1 promoter region was hypomethylated compared to fibroblast cells. An in vitro differentiation assay showed that endoderm and ectoderm marker genes, but not mesoderm markers, were upregulated in differentiating bESLCs. To examine bESLCs in later embryonic stages, we created 22 chimeric blastocysts with a male bESLC line carrying a GFP marker gene and transferred these to a recipient cow. Four chimeric embryos were subsequently retrieved on Day 13 and retransferred to two recipient cows. One living fetus was obtained at Day 62. GFP signals were not identified in fetal cells by fluorescence microscopy; however, genomic PCR analysis detected the GFP gene in major organs. Clusters of GFP-positive cells were observed in amniotic membranes, suggesting that bESLCs can be categorized as a novel type of ICM-derived cells that can potentially differentiate into epiblast and hypoblast lineages. PMID:23782837

Furusawa, Tadashi; Ohkoshi, Katsuhiro; Kimura, Koji; Matsuyama, Shuichi; Akagi, Satoshi; Kaneda, Masahiro; Ikeda, Mitsumi; Hosoe, Misa; Kizaki, Keiichiro; Tokunaga, Tomoyuki

2013-08-01

153

Restoration of WNT4 inhibits cell growth in leukemia-derived cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background WNT signaling pathways are significantly altered during cancer development. Vertebrates possess two classes of WNT signaling pathways: the “canonical” WNT/?-catenin signaling pathway, and the “non-canonical” pathways including WNT/Ca2+ and WNT/Planar cell polarity [PCP] signaling. WNT4 influences hematopoietic progenitor cell expansion and survival; however, WNT4 function in cancer development and the resulting implications for oncogenesis are poorly understood. The aim of this study was twofold: first, to determine the expression of WNT4 in mature peripheral blood cells and diverse leukemia-derived cells including cell lines from hematopoietic neoplasms and cells from patients with leukemia; second, to identify the effect of this ligand on the proliferation and apoptosis of the blast-derived cell lines BJAB, Jurkat, CEM, K562, and HL60. Methods We determined WNT4 expression by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and T- and B-lymphocytes from healthy individuals, as well as from five leukemia-derived cell lines and blasts derived from patients with leukemia. To analyze the effect of WNT4 on cell proliferation, PBMCs and cell lines were exposed to a commercially available WNT4 recombinant human protein. Furthermore, WNT4 expression was restored in BJAB cells using an inducible lentiviral expression system. Cell viability and proliferation were measured by the addition of WST-1 to cell cultures and counting cells; in addition, the progression of the cell cycle and the amount of apoptosis were analyzed in the absence or presence of WNT4. Finally, the expression of WNT-pathway target genes was measured by qRT-PCR. Results WNT4 expression was severely reduced in leukemia-derived cell lines and blasts derived from patients with leukemia. The exposure of cell lines to WNT4 recombinant protein significantly inhibited cell proliferation; inducing WNT4 expression in BJAB cells corroborated this observation. Interestingly, restoration of WNT4 expression in BJAB cells increased the accumulation of cells in G1 phase, and did not induce activation of canonical WNT/?-catenin target genes. Conclusions Our findings suggest that the WNT4 ligand plays a role in regulating the cell growth of leukemia-derived cells by arresting cells in the G1 cell cycle phase in an FZD6-independent manner, possibly through antagonizing the canonical WNT/?-catenin signaling pathway. PMID:24274766

2013-01-01

154

Coumarin modulates the cell-cycle progression of an MTV-EJras cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of coumarin (1,2-benzopyrone) onras oncogene expression during the cell cycle of an MTV-EJras cell line was determined by flow cytometry.ras oncogene expression in cells was induced by dexamethasone and increased fivefold during G1\\/G0 phase and threefold in S phase. Dexamethasone also increased the percentage of cells in S phase from 21% to 31%, compared to phosphate-buffered-saline-treated control cells

J. Kahn; P. Preis; F. Waldman; A. Tseng Jr

1994-01-01

155

Human Fucci Pancreatic Beta Cell Lines: New Tools to Study Beta Cell Cycle and Terminal Differentiation  

PubMed Central

Regulation of cell cycle in beta cells is poorly understood, especially in humans. We exploited here the recently described human pancreatic beta cell line EndoC-?H2 to set up experimental systems for cell cycle studies. We derived 2 populations from EndoC-?H2 cells that stably harbor the 2 genes encoding the Fucci fluorescent indicators of cell cycle, either from two vectors, or from a unique bicistronic vector. In proliferating non-synchronized cells, the 2 Fucci indicators revealed cells in the expected phases of cell cycle, with orange and green cells being in G1 and S/G2/M cells, respectively, and allowed the sorting of cells in different substeps of G1. The Fucci indicators also faithfully red out alterations in human beta cell proliferative activity since a mitogen-rich medium decreased the proportion of orange cells and inflated the green population, while reciprocal changes were observed when cells were induced to cease proliferation and increased expression of some beta cell genes. In the last situation, acquisition of a more differentiated beta cell phenotype correlates with an increased intensity in orange fluorescence. Hence Fucci beta cell lines provide new tools to address important questions regarding human beta cell cycle and differentiation. PMID:25259951

Carlier, Geraldine; Maugein, Alicia; Cordier, Corinne; Pechberty, Severine; Garfa-Traore, Meriem; Martin, Patrick; Scharfmann, Raphael; Albagli, Olivier

2014-01-01

156

Effects of small interfering RNAs targeting fascin on human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Fascin induces membrane protrusions and cell motility. Fascin overexpression was associated with poor prognosis, and its downregulation reduces cell motility and invasiveness in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Using a stable knockdown cell line, we revealed the effect of fascin on cell growth, cell adhesion and tumor formation. Methods We examined whether fascin is a potential target in ESCC using in vitro and in vivo studies utilizing a specific siRNA. We established a stable transfectant with downregulated fascin from KYSE170 cell line. Results The fascin downregulated cell lines showed a slower growth pattern by 40.3% (p < 0.01) and detachment from collagen-coated plates by 53.6% (p < 0.01), compared to mock cells, suggesting that fascin plays a role in cell growth by maintaining cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix. In vivo, the tumor size was significantly smaller in the tumor with fascin knockdown cells than in mock cells by 95% at 30 days after inoculation. Conclusions These findings suggest that fascin overexpression plays a role in tumor growth and progression in ESCC and that cell death caused by its downregulation might be induced by cell adhesion loss. This indicates that targeting fascin pathway could be a novel therapeutic strategy for the human ESCC. PMID:20565981

2010-01-01

157

Cell Surface and Secreted Protein Profiles of Human Thyroid Cancer Cell Lines Reveal Distinct Glycoprotein Patterns  

PubMed Central

Cell surface proteins have been shown to be effective therapeutic targets. In addition, shed forms of these proteins and secreted proteins can serve as biomarkers for diseases, including cancer. Thus, identification of cell surface and secreted proteins has been a prime area of interest in the proteomics field. Most cell surface and secreted proteins are known to be glycosylated and therefore, a proteomics strategy targeting these proteins was applied to obtain proteomic profiles from various thyroid cancer cell lines that represent the range of thyroid cancers of follicular cell origin. In this study, we oxidized the carbohydrates of secreted proteins and those on the cell surface with periodate and isolated them via covalent coupling to hydrazide resin. The glycoproteins obtained were identified from tryptic peptides and N-linked glycopeptides released from the hydrazide resin using 2-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in combination with the gas phase fractionation. Thyroid cancer cell lines derived from papillary thyroid cancer (TPC-1), follicular thyroid cancer (FTC-133), Hürthle cell carcinoma (XTC-1), and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ARO and DRO-1) were evaluated. An average of 150 glycoproteins were identified per cell line, of which more than 57 percent are known cell surface or secreted glycoproteins. The usefulness of the approach for identifying thyroid cancer associated biomarkers was validated by the identification of glycoproteins (e.g. CD44, galectin 3 and metalloproteinase inhibitor 1) that have been found to be useful markers for thyroid cancer. In addition to glycoproteins that are commonly expressed by all of the cell lines, we identified others that are only expressed in the more well-differentiated thyroid cancer cell lines (follicular, Hürthle cell and papillary), or by cell lines derived from undifferentiated tumors that are uniformly fatal forms of thyroid cancer (i.e. anaplastic). Based on the results obtained, a set of glycoprotein biomarker candidates for thyroid cancer is proposed. PMID:19530676

Arcinas, Arthur; Yen, Ten-Yang; Kebebew, Electron; Macher, Bruce A.

2009-01-01

158

Morphological study of the TK cholangiocarcinoma cell line with three-dimensional cell culture.  

PubMed

Cholangiocarcinoma is an intractable carcinoma originating from the bile duct epithelium. To gain an understanding of the cell biology of cholangiocarcinoma, in vitro cell culture is valuable. However, well?characterized cell lines are limited. In the present study, the morphology of the TK cholangiocarcinoma cell line was analyzed by three?dimensional culture. Dispersed TK cells were injected into a gelatin mesh scaffold and cultivated for 3?20 days. The morphology of the TK cells was investigated by phase?contrast microscopy, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TK cells were observed to proliferate three-dimensionally in the scaffold. The cells exhibited a globoid structure and attached to the scaffold. The SEM observation demonstrated typical microvilli and plicae on the surface of the structure. Light microscopy and TEM confirmed intercellular and cell?to?scaffold attachment in the three?dimensional mesh. The culture also exhibited the formation of a duct-like structure covered by structured microvilli. In conclusion, three?dimensional culture of TK cells demonstrated the morphological characteristics of cholangiocarcinoma in vitro. Production of high levels of carbohydrate antigen (CA)19?9, CA50 and carcinoembryonic antigen was previously confirmed in the TK cell line. As a characteristic morphology was demonstrated in the present study, the TK cholangiocarcinoma cell line may be useful as an experimental model for further study of cholangiocarcinoma. PMID:24535710

Akiyoshi, Kohei; Kamada, Minori; Akiyama, Nobutake; Suzuki, Masafumi; Watanabe, Michiko; Fujioka, Kouki; Ikeda, Keiichi; Mizuno, Shuichi; Manome, Yoshinobu

2014-04-01

159

Rapid micropatterning of cell lines and human pluripotent stem cells on elastomeric membranes.  

PubMed

Tissue function during development and in regenerative medicine completely relies on correct cell organization and patterning at micro and macro scales. We describe a rapid method for patterning mammalian cells including human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) on elastomeric membranes such that micron-scale control of cell position can be achieved over centimeter-length scales. Our method employs surface engineering of hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes by plasma polymerization of allylamine. Deposition of plasma polymerized allylamine (ppAAm) using our methods may be spatially restricted using a micro-stencil leaving faithful hydrophilic ppAAm patterns. We employed airbrushing to create aerosols which deposit extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (such as fibronectin and Matrigel™) onto the same patterned ppAAm rich regions. Cell patterns were created with a variety of well characterized cell lines (e.g., NIH-3T3, C2C12, HL1, BJ6, HESC line HUES7, and HiPSC line IPS2). Individual and multiple cell line patterning were also achieved. Patterning remains faithful for several days and cells are viable and proliferate. To demonstrate the utility of our technique we have patterned cells in a variety of configurations. The ability to rapidly pattern cells at high resolution over macro scales should aid future tissue engineering efforts for regenerative medicine applications and in creating in vitro stem cell niches. PMID:22511037

Paik, Isha; Scurr, David J; Morris, Bryan; Hall, Graham; Denning, Chris; Alexander, Morgan R; Shakesheff, Kevin M; Dixon, James E

2012-10-01

160

Designing of promiscuous inhibitors against pancreatic cancer cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pancreatic cancer remains the most devastating disease with worst prognosis. There is a pressing need to accelerate the drug discovery process to identify new effective drug candidates against pancreatic cancer. We have developed QSAR models for predicting promiscuous inhibitors using the pharmacological data. Our models achieved maximum Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.86, when evaluated on 10-fold cross-validation. Our models have also successfully validated the drug-to-oncogene relationship and further we used these models to screen FDA approved drugs and tested them in vitro. We have integrated these models in a webserver named as DiPCell, which will be useful for screening and designing novel promiscuous drug molecules. We have also identified the most and least effective drugs for pancreatic cancer cell lines. On the other side, we have identified resistant pancreatic cancer cell lines, which need investigative scanner on them to put light on resistant mechanism in pancreatic cancer.

Kumar, Rahul; Chaudhary, Kumardeep; Singla, Deepak; Gautam, Ankur; Raghava, Gajendra P. S.

2014-04-01

161

Choosing the right cell line for breast cancer research  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease. Gene expression profiling has contributed significantly to our understanding of this heterogeneity at a molecular level, refining taxonomy based on simple measures such as histological type, tumour grade, lymph node status and the presence of predictive markers like oestrogen receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) to a more sophisticated classification comprising luminal A, luminal B, basal-like, HER2-positive and normal subgroups. In the laboratory, breast cancer is often modelled using established cell lines. In the present review we discuss some of the issues surrounding the use of breast cancer cell lines as experimental models, in light of these revised clinical classifications, and put forward suggestions for improving their use in translational breast cancer research. PMID:21884641

2011-01-01

162

Designing of promiscuous inhibitors against pancreatic cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer remains the most devastating disease with worst prognosis. There is a pressing need to accelerate the drug discovery process to identify new effective drug candidates against pancreatic cancer. We have developed QSAR models for predicting promiscuous inhibitors using the pharmacological data. Our models achieved maximum Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.86, when evaluated on 10-fold cross-validation. Our models have also successfully validated the drug-to-oncogene relationship and further we used these models to screen FDA approved drugs and tested them in vitro. We have integrated these models in a webserver named as DiPCell, which will be useful for screening and designing novel promiscuous drug molecules. We have also identified the most and least effective drugs for pancreatic cancer cell lines. On the other side, we have identified resistant pancreatic cancer cell lines, which need investigative scanner on them to put light on resistant mechanism in pancreatic cancer. PMID:24728108

Kumar, Rahul; Chaudhary, Kumardeep; Singla, Deepak; Gautam, Ankur; Raghava, Gajendra P. S.

2014-01-01

163

Sigma 1 binding in a human neuroblastoma cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviorally, sigma1 agents modulate opioid analgesia. To examine possible mechanisms responsible for these interactions, we have identified a\\u000a cell line containing both sigma1 and opioid receptors. [3H](+)-pentazocine binding in BE(2)-C human neuroblastoma cells is high affinity (KD 3.4±0.7 nM) and high density (Bmax 2.98±0.14 pmol\\/mg protein). Competition studies reveal a selectivity profile similar to that of sigma1 sites in guinea

Jennifer Ryan-Moro; Chih-Cheng Chien; Kelly M. Standifer; Gavril W. Pasternak

1996-01-01

164

Effects of cylindrospermopsin on a common carp leucocyte cell line.  

PubMed

Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cytotoxin produced by different cyanobacterial species, increasingly detected in water reservoirs worldwide. There is very little information available concerning the effects of the toxin on fish immune cells. The aim of the study was to elucidate the potential impact of cylindrospermopsin on the selected parameters of a common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) leucocyte cell line (CLC). The cells were incubated with the cyanotoxin at concentrations of 10, 1 or 0.1?µg?ml(-1) for up to 48?h. Cell viability and proliferation, apoptosis/necrosis induction, cell morphology and phagocytic activity were determined. The two higher toxin concentrations occurred to be evidently cytotoxic in a time-dependent manner and influenced all studied parameters. The lowest used concentration had no effects on cell viability and cell number; however, a strong reduction of bacteria uptake after 24-h exposure was detected. The obtained results indicate that cylindrospermopsin may interfere with the basic functions of fish phagocytic cells and as a consequence influence the fish immunity. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24477983

Sieroslawska, Anna; Rymuszka, Anna

2015-01-01

165

Cytotoxic effects of curcumin on osteosarcoma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), one of the main components of the Indian spice turmeric, is known to possess potent anti-inflammatory\\u000a and anti-oxidant properties. In addition, curcumin has also been shown to have in vitro and in vivo efficacy against a variety of malignancies. In the current study we examined the cytotoxic effect of curcumin on seven osteosarcoma\\u000a (OS) cell lines with varying

Denise K. Walters; Roman Muff; Bettina Langsam; Walter Born; Bruno Fuchs

2008-01-01

166

FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internal tandem duplications (ITD) and D835 point mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) FLT3 are found in a high proportion of cases with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These genetic aberrations may lead to the constitutive activation of the receptor, thus providing the molecular basis for a persisting growth stimulus. We have screened 69 AML-derived cell lines for FLT3 mutations.

H Quentmeier; J Reinhardt; M Zaborski; H G Drexler

2003-01-01

167

Can we develop ethically universal embryonic stem-cell lines?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human embryonic stem-cell (hESC) research faces opposition from those who object to the destruction of human embryos. Over the past few years, a series of new approaches have been proposed for deriving hESC lines without injuring a living embryo. Each of these presents scientific challenges and raises ethical and political questions. Do any of these methods have the potential to

Ronald M Green

2007-01-01

168

Evaluation of nitroimidazole hypoxic cell radiosensitizers in a human tumor cell line high in intracellular glutathione  

SciTech Connect

Five nitroimidazole hypoxic cell radiosensitizers were evaluated in a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) whose GSH level was 8-fold higher than Chinese hamster V79 cells. One millimolar concentrations of Misonidazole (MISO), SR-2508, RSU-1164, RSU-1172, and Ro-03-8799 sensitized hypoxic A549 cells to radiation, with Ro-03-8799 giving the highest sensitizer enhancement ration (SER) (2.3). However, MISO, SR-2508 and Ro-03-8799 were less effective in this cell line than in V79 cells, presumably due to higher GSH content of the A549 cells. Increased hypoxic radiosensitization was seen with 0.1 mM Ro-03-8799 after GSH depletion by BSO as compared to 0.1 mM Ro-03-8799 alone (SER-1.8 vs 1.3). The combination of GSH depletion and 0.1 mM Ro-03-8799 was considerably more toxic than 0.1 mM or 1.0 mM Ro-03-8799 alone. This sensitivity was much greater than has been observed for SR-2508. These data show that Ro-03-8799 was the most efficient hypoxic cell radiosensitizer in a human tumor cell line considerably higher in GSH than the rodent cell lines often used in hypoxic radiosensitization studies. Thus, Ro-03-8799 may be a more effective hypoxic cell sensitizer in human tumors that are high in GSH.

DeGraff, W.G.; Russo, A.; Gamson, J.; Mitchell, J.B.

1989-04-01

169

Productive Infection and Cell-Free Transmission of Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus in a Nonlymphoid Cell Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV), American PL isolate, was transmitted by cocultivation and by cell-free filtrates to a nonlymphoid human osteogenic sarcoma (HOS) cell line, designated HOS\\/PL, but not to nine other lines bearing receptors for HTLV. HOS and HOS\\/PL cells are not dependent on interleukin-2 and do not express interleukin-2 receptors that are recognized by anti-Tac monoclonal antibody. HTLV

P. Clapham; K. Nagy; R. Cheingsong-Popov; M. Exley; R. A. Weiss

1983-01-01

170

Cell-cycle synchronization reverses Taxol resistance of human ovarian cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Taxol is a powerful chemotherapy agent leading to mitotic arrest and cell death; however, its clinical efficacy has been hampered due to the development of drug resistance. Taxol specifically targets the cell cycle. Progress through mitosis (M stage) is an absolute requirement for drug-induced death because cell death is markedly reduced in cells blocked at the G1-S transition. The measured doubling time for ovarian cancer cells is about 27 h. As such, during treatment with Taxol most of the cells are not in the M stage of the cell cycle. Thus, the effect of cell-cycle synchronization was investigated in regard to reversing Taxol resistance in ovarian cancer cells. Methods Giemsa-Wright staining was used for assessing the morphology of the cells. The doubling time of the cells was calculated using formula as follows: Td?=?In2/slope. The resistant index and cell cycle were measured via MTT assays and flow cytometry. Thymidine was used to induce cell-cycle synchronization, and cell apoptosis rates following exposure to Taxol were measured using a flow cytometer. Results The growth doubling time of two Taxol-resistant cell lines were longer than that of Taxol-sensitive cells. Apoptotic rates in Taxol-sensitive and -resistant cell lines after synchronization and exposure to Taxol were all higher compared to unsynchronized controls (p <0.05). Conclusions Synchronization of the cell-cycle resulted in an increased effectiveness of Taxol toward ovarian cancer cell lines. We speculated that formation of drug resistance toward Taxol in ovarian cancer could be partly attributed to the longer doubling time of these cells. PMID:23899403

2013-01-01

171

Dynamic DNA methylation across diverse human cell lines and tissues.  

PubMed

As studies of DNA methylation increase in scope, it has become evident that methylation has a complex relationship with gene expression, plays an important role in defining cell types, and is disrupted in many diseases. We describe large-scale single-base resolution DNA methylation profiling on a diverse collection of 82 human cell lines and tissues using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS). Analysis integrating RNA-seq and ChIP-seq data illuminates the functional role of this dynamic mark. Loci that are hypermethylated across cancer types are enriched for sites bound by NANOG in embryonic stem cells, which supports and expands the model of a stem/progenitor cell signature in cancer. CpGs that are hypomethylated across cancer types are concentrated in megabase-scale domains that occur near the telomeres and centromeres of chromosomes, are depleted of genes, and are enriched for cancer-specific EZH2 binding and H3K27me3 (repressive chromatin). In noncancer samples, there are cell-type specific methylation signatures preserved in primary cell lines and tissues as well as methylation differences induced by cell culture. The relationship between methylation and expression is context-dependent, and we find that CpG-rich enhancers bound by EP300 in the bodies of expressed genes are unmethylated despite the dense gene-body methylation surrounding them. Non-CpG cytosine methylation occurs in human somatic tissue, is particularly prevalent in brain tissue, and is reproducible across many individuals. This study provides an atlas of DNA methylation across diverse and well-characterized samples and enables new discoveries about DNA methylation and its role in gene regulation and disease. PMID:23325432

Varley, Katherine E; Gertz, Jason; Bowling, Kevin M; Parker, Stephanie L; Reddy, Timothy E; Pauli-Behn, Florencia; Cross, Marie K; Williams, Brian A; Stamatoyannopoulos, John A; Crawford, Gregory E; Absher, Devin M; Wold, Barbara J; Myers, Richard M

2013-03-01

172

Characterization of cell lines stably transfected with rubella virus replicons  

SciTech Connect

Rubella virus (RUBV) replicons expressing a drug resistance gene and a gene of interest were used to select cell lines uniformly harboring the replicon. Replicons expressing GFP and a virus capsid protein GFP fusion (C-GFP) were compared. Vero or BHK cells transfected with either replicon survived drug selection and grew into a monolayer. However, survival was {approx}9-fold greater following transfection with the C-GFP-replicon than with the GFP-expressing replicon and while the C-GFP-replicon cells grew similarly to non-transfected cells, the GFP-replicon cells grew slower. Neither was due to the ability of the CP to enhance RNA synthesis but survival during drug selection was correlated with the ability of CP to inhibit apoptosis. Additionally, C-GFP-replicon cells were not cured of the replicon in the absence of drug selection. Interferon-alpha suppressed replicon RNA and protein synthesis, but did not cure the cells, explaining in part the ability of RUBV to establish persistent infections.

Tzeng, Wen-Pin; Xu, Jie [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States)] [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States); Frey, Teryl K., E-mail: tfrey@gsu.edu [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States)

2012-07-20

173

Single-walled carbon nanohorn (SWNH) aggregates inhibited proliferation of human liver cell lines and promoted apoptosis, especially for hepatoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Single-walled carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) may be useful as carriers for anticancer drugs due to their particular structure. However, the interactions between the material itself and cancerous or normal cells have seldom been studied. To address this problem, the effects of raw SWNH material on the biological functions of human liver cell lines were studied. Our results showed that unmodified SWNHs inhibited mitotic entry, growth, and proliferation of human liver cell lines and promoted their apoptosis, especially in hepatoma cell lines. Individual spherical SWNH particles were found inside the nuclei of human hepatoma HepG2 cells and the lysosomes of normal human liver L02 cells, implying that SWNH particles could penetrate into human liver cells_and the different interacted mechanisms on human normal cell lines compared to hepatoma cell lines. Further research on the mechanisms and application in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with SWNHs is needed. PMID:24523586

Zhang, Jinqian; Sun, Qiang; Bo, Jian; Huang, Rui; Zhang, Mengran; Xia, Zhenglin; Ju, Lili; Xiang, Guoan

2014-01-01

174

Characterization of a spontaneously transformed chicken mononuclear cell line.  

PubMed

We describe the characterization of a spontaneously transformed chicken monocytic cell line that developed as a single colony of cells in a heterophil culture that was inadvertently left in the incubator over a period of 25 days. These cells, hitherto named HTC, grow efficiently at both 37 or 41 degrees C in culture medium containing either 5% FBS or 2% chicken serum. The HTC cells are acid phosphatase positive, show expressions of both class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC), CD44, K1, and K55 cell surface antigens, and engulf latex beads, produce nitrite and interleukin-6 on stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Treatment with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) induces respiratory burst in HTC cells and the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) into culture medium. Using gene-specific primers and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the presence of mRNA trancripts for interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) were detected. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment of HTC cells modulated IL-1, IL-6, IFN-gamma, NOS mRNA levels as detected by RT-PCR analyses. Using different avian tumor virus gene-specific primers and PCR, the HTC cells were positive for the presence of avian leukosis virus (ALV) and Marek's disease virus (MDV) but negative for reticuloendothelial virus (REV), chicken infectious anemia virus (CIAV), and herpes virus of turkeys (HVT). The production of ALV antigens by HTC cells was further confirmed using p27 gag protein ELISA. Collectively, these results show that the HTC cells belong to myeloid/macrophage lineage and were likely transformed by ALV and MDV but retain many interesting and useful biological activities. PMID:14522138

Rath, N C; Parcells, M S; Xie, H; Santin, E

2003-11-15

175

In vitro uptake of polystyrene microspheres: effect of particle size, cell line and cell density  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uptake of polycation–DNA particles is the first step in achieving gene delivery with non-viral vehicles. One of the important characteristics determining uptake of DNA particles is their size. Here we have characterized the ability of several cell lines to internalise labelled polystyrene microspheres of different sizes. All the cell lines tested ingested 20-nm microspheres avidly. With larger microspheres (93, 220,

Wolfgang Zauner; Neil A Farrow; Adrian M. R Haines

2001-01-01

176

Development of a Pluripotent ES-like Cell Line from Asian Sea Bass ( Lates calcarifer )—An Oviparous Stem Cell Line Mimicking Viviparous ES Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a pluripotent embryonic stem cell-like cell line designated as SBES from blastula stage embryos of Asian sea bass\\u000a (Lates calcarifer), which is an economically important cultivable and edible marine fish species in India. The SBES cells were cultured at\\u000a 28°C in Leibovitz L-15 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum without a feeder layer. The ES-like cells were

V. Parameswaran; Ravi Shukla; Ramesh Bhonde; A. S. Sahul Hameed

2007-01-01

177

Perfluorooctane sulfonate induces apoptosis in N9 microglial cell line.  

PubMed

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is an environmental persistent acid found at low levels in human, wildlife, and environmental media samples. To study the apoptosis effects of PFOS on microglia, murine N9 cell line was used as a model in current research. The results showed that PFOS could reduce the cell viability significantly, and the cellular apoptosis induced by PFOS was closely accompanied with dissipation of mitochondria membrane potential, upregulation messenger RNAs (mRNAs) of p53, Bax, caspase 9, and caspase 3, and decreased expression of Bcl-2 mRNA. These results suggested that PFOS could disturb homeostasis of N9 cells, impact mitochondria, and affect gene expression of apoptotic regulators, all of which resulted in a start-up of apoptosis. PMID:21115943

Zhang, Ling; Li, Yuan-yuan; Zeng, Huai-cai; Li, Miao; Wan, Yan-Jian; Schluesener, Hermann J; Zhang, Zhi-yuan; Xu, Shun-qing

2011-03-01

178

The quantitative proteome of a human cell line  

PubMed Central

The generation of mathematical models of biological processes, the simulation of these processes under different conditions, and the comparison and integration of multiple data sets are explicit goals of systems biology that require the knowledge of the absolute quantity of the system's components. To date, systematic estimates of cellular protein concentrations have been exceptionally scarce. Here, we provide a quantitative description of the proteome of a commonly used human cell line in two functional states, interphase and mitosis. We show that these human cultured cells express at least ?10 000 proteins and that the quantified proteins span a concentration range of seven orders of magnitude up to 20 000 000 copies per cell. We discuss how protein abundance is linked to function and evolution. PMID:22068332

Beck, Martin; Schmidt, Alexander; Malmstroem, Johan; Claassen, Manfred; Ori, Alessandro; Szymborska, Anna; Herzog, Franz; Rinner, Oliver; Ellenberg, Jan; Aebersold, Ruedi

2011-01-01

179

Antigen processing and presentation by a murine myoblast cell line.  

PubMed Central

The ability of non-professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) to process and present antigen to the immune system has been the subject of debate in autoimmunity and tumour immunology. The role of muscle cells in the processing and presentation of antigen to T cells via class I and class II MHC pathways is of increasing interest. Muscle cells are the targets of autoimmune attack in the inflammatory muscle diseases, and direct intramuscular injection of antigen-expressing DNA constructs is under scrutiny as a means of vaccination. Furthermore, the immunological properties of muscle cells are of relevance in attempts to transfer myoblasts as replacement cells in dystrophic diseases or as depot cells for the secretion of certain molecules in deficiency states. Using class I and class II MHC transfectant clones of the C2C12 myoblast cell line, myoblasts have been shown to be capable of presenting antigen to, and stimulating secretion of IL-2 by, T cell hybridomas via both of these pathways. The epitopes which are dominantly presented by professional APC after processing of native antigens were also presented by the myoblast cell line after processing of either ovalbumin (class I) or hen egg lysozyme (class II). Further, antigen processing and presentation via the class II pathway were enhanced by pretreatment of the myoblasts with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Up-regulation of invariant chain expression by this treatment may have contributed to this enhanced presentation, but an effect of IFN-gamma on the expression of other molecules such as H-2 DM may have also played a role. The demonstration of the antigen-presenting properties of these myoblasts is of relevance to all three areas mentioned above. In each situation myoblasts comprise a significant population within muscle. In the case of inflammatory muscle diseases the process of muscle degeneration and regeneration is on-going, while in the vaccination procedure some muscle damage occurs, and vaccination is more effective when muscle damage has preceded inoculation. Images Fig. 5 PMID:8536381

Garlepp, M J; Chen, W; Tabarias, H; Baines, M; Brooks, A; McCluskey, J

1995-01-01

180

Functional somatostatin receptors on a rat pancreatic acinar cell line  

SciTech Connect

Somatostatin receptors from a rat pancreatic acinar cell line, AR4-2J, were characterized biochemically, structurally, and functionally. Binding of {sup 125}I-(Tyr{sup 11})Somatostatin to AR4-2J cells was saturable, exhibiting a single class of high-affinity binding sites with a maximal binding capacity of 258 {plus minus} 20 fmol/10{sup 6} cells. Somatostatin receptor structure was analyzed by covalently cross-linking {sup 125}I-(Tyr{sup 11})somatostatin to its plasma membrane receptors. Gel electrophoresis and autoradiography of cross-linked proteins revealed a peptide containing the somatostatin receptor. Somatostatin inhibited vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-stimulated adenosine 3{prime},5{prime}-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) formation in a dose-dependent manner. The concentration of somatostatin that caused half-maximal inhibition of cAMP formation was close to the receptor affinity for somatostatin. Pertussis toxin pretreatment of AR4-2J cells prevented somatostatin inhibition of VIP-stimulated cAMP formation as well as somatostatin binding. The authors conclude that AR4-2J cells exhibit functional somatostatin receptors that retain both specificity and affinity of the pancreatic acinar cell somatostatin receptors and act via the pertussis toxin-sensitive guanine nucleotide-binding protein N{sub i} to inhibit adenylate cyclase.

Viguerie, N.; Tahiri-Jouti, N.; Esteve, J.P.; Clerc, P.; Logsdon, C.; Svoboda, M.; Susini, C.; Vaysse, N.; Ribet, A. (Institut National de la Recherche Medicale, Toulouse (France) Mount Zion Hospital and Medical Center, San Francisco, CA (USA) Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium))

1988-07-01

181

Complementation analysis of the murine scid cell line  

SciTech Connect

It has been shown that several X-ray-sensitive Chinese hamster cell mutants defective in repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are also impaired in the process of V(D)J recombination. The hamster mutants with this phenotype represent three distinct complementation groups, represented by the xrs series, XR-1 and V-3. The murine scid cell line also shows the same phenotype, and therefore we examined whether the scid mutant represents a new complementation group or belongs to one of the existing groups. Scid cells were fused with hamster cell mutants representing the three complementation groups. Hybrids between V-3 and scid cells were only partially complemented for X-ray sensitivity, whereas hybrids derived from fusions with the other mutants were resistant to X rays. These results suggest that V-3 and scid cells are defective in the same gene. To confirm this finding, a single human chromosome 8, which is known to carry the scid gene, was introduced into V-3 cells by microcell-mediated chromosome transfer. Nine hybrid clones derived from V-3 and carrying human chromosome 8 were obtained, and seven were found to be partially complemented for X-ray sensitivity. When human chromosome 8 was introduced into scid cells, seven of eight hybrid clones became resistant to X rays. The results indicate that the defective genes in V-3 and scid are both localized on human chromosome 8. This supports the results from the fusion analysis that V-3 and scid cells are defective in the same gene. 53 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Zdzienicka, M.Z. [Univ. of Leiden, Wassenaarseweg (Netherlands)]|[J.A. Cohen Institute, Leiden (Netherlands); Priestly, A.; Jeggo, P.A. [Sussex Univ., Brighton (United Kingdom)] [and others

1995-09-01

182

Effects and mechanisms of silibinin on human hepatoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate in vitro effects and mechanisms of silibinin on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell growth. METHODS: Human HCC cell lines were treated with different doses of silibinin. The effects of silibinin on HCC cell growth and proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle progression, histone acetylation, and other related signal transductions were systematically examined. RESULTS: We demonstrated that silibinin significantly reduced the growth of HuH7, HepG2, Hep3B, and PLC/PRF/5 human hepatoma cells. Silibinin-reduced HuH7 cell growth was associated with significantly up-regulated p21/CDK4 and p27/CDK4 complexes, down-regulated Rb-phosphorylation and E2F1/DP1 complex. Silibinin promoted apoptosis of HuH7 cells that was associated with down-regulated survivin and up-regulated activated caspase-3 and -9. Silibinin's anti-angiogenic effects were indicated by down-regulated metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and CD34. We found that silibinin-reduced growth of HuH7 cells was associated with increased activity of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) and decreased p-Akt production, indicating the role of PTEN/PI3K/Akt pathway in silibinin-mediated anti-HCC effects. We also demonstrated that silibinin increased acetylation of histone H3 and H4 (AC-H3 and AC-H4), indicating a possible role of altered histone acetylation in silibinin-reduced HCC cell proliferation. CONCLUSION: Our results defined silibinin's in vitro anti-HCC effects and possible mechanisms, and provided a rationale to further test silibinin for HCC chemoprevention. PMID:17879397

Lah, John J; Cui, Wei; Hu, Ke-Qin

2007-01-01

183

Functional estrogen receptors in a human preosteoclastic cell line.  

PubMed Central

The primary biological effect of the estrogen estradiol-17 beta (17 beta E2) on bone is to decrease bone resorption. However, whether 17 beta E2 affects osteoclast differentiation or function directly or through its action on osteoblasts is unclear. To investigate this question we examined the human preosteoclastic cell line FLG 29.1 for evidence of functional estrogen receptors (ERs). Southern blotting of reverse transcription-PCR amplification products with a 32P-labeled cDNA probe for the human ER mRNA demonstrated that FLG 29.1 cells express ER mRNA. Binding of [3H]17 beta E2 to nuclear ERs was steroid specific with approximately 400 saturable, high affinity (Kd approximately 1 nM) binding sites per cell nucleus. Nuclear ERs covalently labeled with [3H]tamoxifen aziridine showed an apparent molecular weight of 65,000 by SDS/PAGE and Western blotting with the D75 monoclonal antibody to human ER. Pretreatment of cells with 0.1, 1.0, or 10 nM 17 beta E2 induced a dose- and time-dependent specific binding of progesterone to FGL 29.1 cells, and stimulation of the cells with 10 nM and 100 nM 17 beta E2 significantly (P < 0.05) reduced cell proliferation. Transcriptional activity of the ER gene was detected by transient transfection of cells with the pERE-BLCAT plasmid containing the estrogen response element for the vitellogenin A2 gene and the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene. Treatment of FLG 29.1 cells with 10 nM 17 beta E2 increased chloroamphenicol acetyltransferase expression from 5- to 29-fold compared to controls. These observations suggest a potential role for estrogen in osteoclastogenesis. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 4 PMID:7708703

Fiorelli, G; Gori, F; Petilli, M; Tanini, A; Benvenuti, S; Serio, M; Bernabei, P; Brandi, M L

1995-01-01

184

Cell death in the IPLB-LdFB insect cell line: facts and implications.  

PubMed

The present review summarizes findings on stress-induced cell death in the IPLB-LdFB insect cell line derived from the larval fat body of the lepidopteron Lymantria dispar. Apoptotic, oncotic and autophagic cell death have been described in these cells as a consequence of oxidative stress or ATP deprivation, and similarities between IPLB-LdFB and mammalian apoptotic pathways have been highlighted. Furthermore, starting from observations in the IPLB-LdFB cells, a link has been surmised between relevance of autophagic cell death and developmental processes in the metazoan taxa. PMID:18220824

Malagoli, D

2008-01-01

185

Establishment and characterisation of two cell lines derived from a primary adenocarcinoma of the duodenum  

PubMed Central

Aims—To establish two cell lines from a primary duodenal adenocarcinoma; to describe the morphological, growth, ploidy, and immunophenotypic characteristics of these cell lines. Methods—The cell lines, designated DAC/S and DAC/E, were characterised using both in vitro and in vivo cell culture techniques, light and electron microscopy, immunocytochemistry, and FACS analyses. Results—Both cell lines have an epithelial origin, are aneuploid and display characteristics of transformed cells. The cell lines differ from each other in morphology, doubling time and serum requirements. These cell lines are anchorage dependent and do not grow in nude mice. Conclusions—DAC/S and DAC/E cell lines are derived from neoplastic epithelium and could provide in vitro model systems for future investigations of the cell and molecular biology of duodenal neoplasia. Images PMID:16696042

Golding, M; Stamp, G W H; Oates, T; Lalani, E-N

1996-01-01

186

An Epstein-Barr virus-producer line Akata: Establishment of the cell line and analysis of viral DNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-producer line, designated Akata, was established from a Japanese patient with Burkitt's lymphoma. The Akata line possessed the Burkitt's-type chromosome translocation, t(8q-; 14q+), and was derived from the tumor cell. Akata cells produced a large quantity of transforming virus upon treatment of cells with anti-immunoglobulin antibodies (Takada, 1984). Southern blot analysis of viral DNA indicated that the

Kenzo Takada; Kenichi Horinouchi; Yasushi Ono; Takao Aya; Toyoro Osato; Motoo Takahashi; Shinichi Hayasaka

1991-01-01

187

Cell Type-specific ?2-Adrenergic Receptor Clusters Identified Using Photoactivated Localization Microscopy Are Not Lipid Raft Related, but Depend on Actin Cytoskeleton Integrity*  

PubMed Central

Recent developments in the field of optical super-resolution techniques allow both a 10-fold increase in resolution as well as an increased ability to quantify the number of labeled molecules visualized in the fluorescence measurement. By using photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM) and an experimental approach based on the systematic comparison with a nonclustering peptide as a negative control, we found that the prototypical G protein-coupled receptor ?2-adrenergic receptor is partially preassociated in nanoscale-sized clusters only in the cardiomyocytes, such as H9C2 cells, but not in other cell lines, such as HeLa and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO). The addition of the agonist for very short times or the addition of the inverse agonist did not significantly affect the organization of receptor assembly. To investigate the mechanism governing cluster formation, we altered plasma membrane properties with cholesterol removal and actin microfilament disruption. Although cholesterol is an essential component of cell membranes and it is supposed to be enriched in the lipid rafts, its sequestration and removal did not affect receptor clustering, whereas the inhibition of actin polymerization did decrease the number of clusters. Our findings are therefore consistent with a model in which ?2 receptor clustering is influenced by the actin cytoskeleton, but it does not rely on lipid raft integrity, thus ruling out the possibility that cell type-specific ?2 receptor clustering is associated with the raft. PMID:22442147

Scarselli, Marco; Annibale, Paolo; Radenovic, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

188

Raman spectra and discrimination of NPC cell line CNE1 and normal nasopharyngeal cell line NP69  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a non-destructive and non-invasive technique, Raman spectroscopy (RS) plays an important role in the field of biomedical research. Great progress has been made in the research of biological samples from cellular level to macro-tissues. In this letter, advances of RS in tumor cells and some statistic algorithm developed in recent years for cancer differentiation and diagnosis are introduced. Also, Raman spectra of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) cell line CNE1 and normal nasopharyngeal cell line NP69 are acquired by confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy system. Raman bands are analyzed and compared to investigate the differences and relationship between CNE1 and NP69, Principle Components Analysis (PCA) is used to classify CNE1 and NP69 accurately with an accuracy of 100%. Comparing with CNE1, a blue-shift is observed in NP69 cells at band 936cm-1 and 2935cm-1 which are assigned to C-C stretch and CH3 stretching, respectively. Meanwhile, a red-shift is observed at 1338cm-1 assigned to A, G and C-H deformation vibration of protein. The results show that Raman spectroscopy has its potential and reliability to be one of the diagnostic methods for NPC and at the same time can provide valuable information for cancer early diagnosis.

Chen, Yang; Li, Yong-zeng; Su, Ying; Lin, Ju-qiang; Pan, Jian-ji; Chen, Rong; Zou, Chang-yan; Lin, Shaojun; Li, Chao

2009-08-01

189

A proteomic approach to cisplatin resistance in the cervix squamous cell carcinoma cell line A431.  

PubMed

Since drug resistance is a complex and multifactorial event involving activation/repression of multiple biochemical pathways, we used a proteomic approach to study cisplatin resistance and drug response in human tumor cell lines. The cervix squamous cell carcinoma cell line A431 and its cisplatin-resistant subline, A431/Pt, were used as a model system. The experimental set-up involved not just a two-way comparison of the control vs. the drug-resistant cell line, but also an acute cisplatin treatment of both cell lines, leading to a four-way comparison, as follows: 1) A431 vs. A431/Pt cells; 2) A431 vs. A431 cisplatin exposed cells; 3) A431/Pt vs. A431/Pt cisplatin exposed cells; 4) A431 cisplatin exposed cells vs. A431/Pt cisplatin exposed cells. We found modulation of proteins, which could be classified under various categories, such as molecular chaperones (e.g. heat-shock proteins HSP60, HSP90, HSC71, heat-shock cognate 71 kDa protein), Ca2+-binding proteins (e.g. calmodulin, calumenin), proteins involved in drug detoxification (such as peroxiredoxins PRX 2 and PRX 6, and glutathione-S-transferase, GST), anti-apoptotic proteins (such as 14-3-3 switched on in cisplatin-exposed cells) and ion channels (such as VDAC-1, voltage-dependent anion-selective channel). In particular, the basal levels of HSC71 and HSP60 were increased in A431/Pt cells as compared to A431 cells, and cisplatin exposure resulted in up-regulation of HSP60 and HSP90 only in A431 cells. Moreover, cisplatin exposure up-regulated the anti-apoptotic 14-3-3 protein in both cell lines, GST in sensitive cells and PRX6 in A431/Pt cells. These findings are consistent with a constitutive expression of defence factors by resistant cells and with activation by cisplatin of mechanisms acting to protect cells from drug-induced damage. This pattern of response, also observed in parental cells, could reflect an intrinsic resistance of this tumor type. PMID:15378690

Castagna, Annalisa; Antonioli, Paolo; Astner, Hubert; Hamdan, Mahmoud; Righetti, Sabina Carla; Perego, Paola; Zunino, Franco; Righetti, Pier Giorgio

2004-10-01

190

Red Cell Apheresis with Automated In-Line Filtration  

PubMed Central

Summary Background The aim of this study was to provide data on concurrent red blood cell (RBC) and platelet (PLT) apheresis with RBC in-line leukoreduction and automated addition of saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAGM) using the new version (V6.0) of Trima Accel®. Methods In this two-center paired study, each subject completed a test and a control procedure with an interval of 9 weeks between procedures. In the test arm, single RBC and PLT units were collected on the Trima Accel V6.0 (in-line leukofiltration and automated addition of SAGM). In the control arm, they were collected on Trima Accel V5.1/V5.2 (post-collection leukoreduction, manual SAGM addition). RBC percent hemolysis, potassium concentration and adenosine triphosphate over storage, hemoglobin (Hb) yield, and residual white blood cells (WBC) were determined. Results 34 subjects successfully completed both test and control procedures. Post-storage hemolysis was similar in both groups, and all values were less than 0.8% for both arms. Residual WBC counts in all RBC units were less than 1 × 106/unit. In-line processed RBC units (V6.0) have a significantly higher volume and more Hb/unit due to filtration recovery improvements. All procedures were well tolerated by the subjects. Conclusion In-line filtration and automated addition of storage solution on Trima Accel V6.0 allows collection of ready-to-use RBC units that meet EU requirements. PMID:24847185

Matthes, Gert; Ingilizov, Marin; Dobao, Maria Luz; Marques, Susana; Callaert, Martine

2014-01-01

191

Mechanisms of Tl-201 uptake in a tumor cell line  

SciTech Connect

Mechanisms of uptake of thallium-201 chloride (Tl-201) into cells and intracellular distribution were studied in a cell line of squamous cell carcinoma of adrenal cortex (SW-13). A specified number of cells were incubated with Tl-201 before and after pretreatment with various metabolic and ion-transport inhibitors. Uptake was compared with that of control-one-hour uptake. Nigericin, an ionophore that increases mitochondrial potential but disrupts cell membrane potential, inhibited 57% of uptake. Addition of CCCP after 55 minutes of incubation, an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation that decreases mitochondrial potential, did not alter uptake at one hour. Quabain, a cell membrane Na{sup +}K{sup +}ATPase inhibitor, inhibited 65% of uptake with 1 mM dose, however, 55% inhibition was observed with 100 {mu}M dose. Bumetanide, a Na{sup +}K{sup +}2Cl{sup -} cotransport inhibitor, inhibited 36% but no significant inhibition of uptake was observed with dimethyl amiloride (DMA), a Na{sup +}/H{sup +} antiport inhibitor. However, when cells were pretreated with combination of ouabain and bumetanide or ouabain, bumetanide and DMA, there were 86% and 95% inhibition of uptake respectively. Most of the Tl-201 uptake into the cells was due to active transport involving Na{sup +}K{sup +}ATPase system but one-third of its uptake was passive transport involving Na{sup +}K{sup +}2Cl{sup -} cotransport and Na{sup +}H{sup +} antiport systems. Intracellular distribution was not related to mitochondria.

Arbab, A.S.; Koizumi, K.; Toyama, K. [Yamanashi Medical Univ., Yamanashi-ken (Japan)] [and others

1996-05-01

192

PERMISSIVENESS OF SELECTED CELL LINES TO EQUINE ARTERITIS VIRUS: ESTABLISHMENT, CHARACTERIZATION, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF PERSISTENT INFECTION IN HELA CELLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major goal of this research was to evaluate a variety of cell lines for theirpermissiveness to equine arteritis virus (EAV) infection and then identify the mechanismthat restricts EAV infection in certain cell lines. The cell lines BHK-21, RK-13, andC2C12 were found to support productive infection with EAV strain VBS53, whereasHela, Hep-2, and L-M cell lines exhibited limited susceptibility to

Jianqiang Zhang

2005-01-01

193

3-Bromopyruvate induces necrotic cell death in sensitive melanoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Clinicians successfully utilize high uptake of radiolabeled glucose via PET scanning to localize metastases in melanoma patients. To take advantage of this altered metabolome, 3-bromopyruvate (BrPA) was used to overcome the notorious resistance of melanoma to cell death. Using four melanoma cell lines, BrPA triggered caspase independent necrosis in two lines, whilst the other two lines were resistant to killing. Mechanistically, sensitive cells differed from resistant cells by; constitutively lower levels of glutathione, reduction of glutathione by BrPA only in sensitive cells; increased superoxide anion reactive oxygen species, loss of outer mitochondrial membrane permeability, and rapid ATP depletion. Sensitive cell killing was blocked by N-acetylcysteine or glutathione. When glutathione levels were reduced in resistant cell lines, they became sensitive to killing by BrPA. Taken together, these results identify a metabolic-based Achilles' heel in melanoma cells to be exploited by use of BrPA. Future pre-clinical and clinical trials are warranted to translate these results into improved patient care for individuals suffering from metastatic melanoma.

Qin, J.-Z.; Xin, H. [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States)] [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States); Nickoloff, B.J., E-mail: bnickol@lumc.edu [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States)

2010-05-28

194

Cytotoxic effects of mistletoe (Viscum album L.) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is a complex disease with several etiologic factors and different molecular changes that may trigger certain events; it is also globally one of the most common malignancies in this topography. Extracts from Viscum album L. (VA) (mistletoe) have been used as adjuvant therapies with promising results in several types of cancer, mainly in European countries. In vitro studies have demonstrated that various types of VA may have cytotoxicity in carcinoma cells, activating the apoptotic cascade or leading cells to necrosis. This study aimed to verify the effects of three types of VA extracts (Iscador Qu Spezial, Iscador P and Iscador M) in squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue cell lines SCC9 and SCC25, not previously studied. A concentration of 0.3 mg/ml (IC50) of the drugs induced apoptosis, affecting gene expression and protein levels of AKT, PTEN and CYCLIN D1. It was concluded that VA extracts have a cytotoxic effect on SCC9 and SCC25 cell lines, but while SCC9 cell line was more resistant to the action of the drugs, Iscador Qu Spezial and Iscador M have higher cytotoxic potential in both cell lines compared to Iscador P. PMID:24026291

Klingbeil, Ma Fátima G; Xavier, Flávia C A; Sardinha, Luiz R; Severino, Patricia; Mathor, Monica B; Rodrigues, Rodrigo V; Pinto, Décio S

2013-11-01

195

Establishment of an ASPL-TFE3 renal cell carcinoma cell line (S-TFE)  

PubMed Central

Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma is a rare disease diagnosed in children and adolescents in the advanced stage with an aggressive clinical course. Various gene fusions including the transcription factor E3 (TFE3) gene located on chromosome X cause the tumor. We established an Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma cell line from a renal tumor in a 18-y-old Japanese female and named it “S-TFE.” The cell line and its xenograft demonstrated definite gene fusion including TFE3. They showed strong nuclear staining for TFE3 in immunohistochemistry, TFE3 gene rearrangement in dual-color, break-apart FISH analysis and ASPL-TFE3 type 1 fusion transcripts detected by RT-PCR and direct DNA sequencing. Although many renal cell carcinoma cell lines have been established and investigated, only a few cell lines are recognized as Xp11.2 translocation carcinoma. S-TFE will be useful to examine the characteristics and drug susceptibility of Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma. PMID:23760492

Hirobe, Megumi; Masumori, Naoya; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Kitamura, Hiroshi; Tsukamoto, Taiji

2013-01-01

196

Establishment of an ASPL-TFE3 renal cell carcinoma cell line (S-TFE).  

PubMed

Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma is a rare disease diagnosed in children and adolescents in the advanced stage with an aggressive clinical course. Various gene fusions including the transcription factor E3 (TFE3) gene located on chromosome X cause the tumor. We established an Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma cell line from a renal tumor in a 18-y-old Japanese female and named it "S-TFE." The cell line and its xenograft demonstrated definite gene fusion including TFE3. They showed strong nuclear staining for TFE3 in immunohistochemistry, TFE3 gene rearrangement in dual-color, break-apart FISH analysis and ASPL-TFE3 type 1 fusion transcripts detected by RT-PCR and direct DNA sequencing. Although many renal cell carcinoma cell lines have been established and investigated, only a few cell lines are recognized as Xp11.2 translocation carcinoma. S-TFE will be useful to examine the characteristics and drug susceptibility of Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma. PMID:23760492

Hirobe, Megumi; Masumori, Naoya; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Kitamura, Hiroshi; Tsukamoto, Taiji

2013-06-01

197

3-Bromopyruvate induces necrotic cell death in sensitive melanoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Clinicians successfully utilize high uptake of radiolabeled glucose via PET scanning to localize metastases in melanoma patients. To take advantage of this altered metabolome, 3-bromopyruvate (BrPA) was used to overcome the notorious resistance of melanoma to cell death. Using four melanoma cell lines, BrPA triggered caspase independent necrosis in two lines, whilst the other two lines were resistant to killing. Mechanistically, sensitive cells differed from resistant cells by; constitutively lower levels of glutathione, reduction of glutathione by BrPA only in sensitive cells; increased superoxide anion reactive oxygen species, loss of outer mitochondrial membrane permeability, and rapid ATP depletion. Sensitive cell killing was blocked by N-acetylcysteine or glutathione. When glutathione levels were reduced in resistant cell lines, they became sensitive to killing by BrPA. Taken together, these results identify a metabolic-based Achilles' heel in melanoma cells to be exploited by use of BrPA. Future pre-clinical and clinical trials are warranted to translate these results into improved patient care for individuals suffering from metastatic melanoma. PMID:20430010

Qin, J-Z; Xin, H; Nickoloff, B J

2010-05-28

198

Evaluation of membranes for use in on-line cell separation during mammalian cell perfusion processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study two microporous hollow fibre membranes were evaluated for their use as cell retention device in continuous perfusion systems. A chemically modified permanent hydrophillic PTFE membrane and a hydrophilized PP membrane were tested. To investigate the filtration characteristics under process conditions each membrane was tested during a long term perfusion cultivation of a hybridoma cell line. In both

Heino Btintemeyer; Christoph Btihme; Jtirgen Lehmann

1994-01-01

199

Embryonic stem cell lines from human blastocysts: somatic differentiation in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the derivation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells from human blastocysts. Two diploid ES cell lines have been cultivated in vitro for extended periods while maintaining expression of markers characteristic of pluripotent primate cells. Human ES cells express the transcription factor Oct-4, essential for development of pluripotential cells in the mouse. When grafted into SCID mice, both lines

Benjamin E. Reubinoff; Chui-Yee Fong; Alan Trounson; Ariff Bongso; Martin F. Pera

2000-01-01

200

LCC15MB Cells are MDAMB-435: A Review of Misidentified Breast and prostate cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current stocks of the LCC15-MB cell line, which we originally isolated from a human breast-bone metastasis, were found to\\u000a be genetically matched to the MDA-MB-435 cell line from the Lombardi Cancer Center (MDA-MB-435-LCC) using comparative genomic\\u000a hybridisation, DNA microsatellite analysis and chromosomal number. LCC15-MB stocks used for our previously published studies\\u000a as well as the earliest available LCC15-MB cells also

Erik W. Thompson; Mark Waltham; Susan J. Ramus; Anne-Marie Hutchins; Jane E. Armes; Ian G. Campbell; Elizabeth D. Williams; Phillip R. Thompson; James M. Rae; Michael D. Johnson; Robert Clarke

2004-01-01

201

Lack of Bcl10 mutations in testicular germ cell tumours and derived cell lines  

PubMed Central

Aberrations within Bcl10, a gene involved in execution of apoptosis, has most recently been found in a variety of cancers, including cell lines of testicular germ cell tumours of adolescents and adults (TGCTs). To study this in more detail, we screened exons 2 and 3 of this gene for mutations in a larger series of cell lines as well as primary TGCTs by single-strand conformation polymorphism and endonuclease restriction analysis. Because no aberrations were detected, we conclude that inactivation of Bcl10 by mutation is at least far less important in the development of TGCTs than proposed. © 1999 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10408400

Schothorst, E M van; Mohkamsing, S; Gurp, R J H L M van; Oosterhuis, J W; Saag, P T van der; Looijenga, L H J

1999-01-01

202

A comparative analysis of DNA methylation across human embryonic stem cell lines  

E-print Network

of the mapping of the three cell lines H1, HSF1, and H9 Cell line H1 HSF1 H9 (WA09) Gender male male Female Data HSEC cell lines H1, HSF1, H9 Methylation in cytosines are categorized into CG, CHG, CHH, CA, CC, CT and overlapping exons) and in interior exons; the result from H9 (WA09) cell lines is in green, HSF1 in red, and H

Jacobsen, Steve

203

Expression of junctional proteins in choroid plexus epithelial cell lines: a comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in using choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cell lines to study the properties of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). Currently, there are three major CP-derived cell lines available. Z310 and TR-CSFB3, two immortalized cell lines carrying the simian virus 40 large T-antigen gene, were derived from rat CP epithelium, whereas the CPC-2 cell line was

Joanna Szmydynger-Chodobska; Crissey L Pascale; Andrew N Pfeffer; Cassaundra Coulter; Adam Chodobski

2007-01-01

204

Doxycycline alters metabolism and proliferation of human cell lines.  

PubMed

The tetracycline antibiotics are widely used in biomedical research as mediators of inducible gene expression systems. Despite many known effects of tetracyclines on mammalian cells-including inhibition of the mitochondrial ribosome-there have been few reports on potential off-target effects at concentrations commonly used in inducible systems. Here, we report that in human cell lines, commonly used concentrations of doxycycline change gene expression patterns and concomitantly shift metabolism towards a more glycolytic phenotype, evidenced by increased lactate secretion and reduced oxygen consumption. We also show that these concentrations are sufficient to slow proliferation. These findings suggest that researchers using doxycycline in inducible expression systems should design appropriate controls to account for potential confounding effects of the drug on cellular metabolism. PMID:23741339

Ahler, Ethan; Sullivan, William J; Cass, Ashley; Braas, Daniel; York, Autumn G; Bensinger, Steven J; Graeber, Thomas G; Christofk, Heather R

2013-01-01

205

Doxycycline Alters Metabolism and Proliferation of Human Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The tetracycline antibiotics are widely used in biomedical research as mediators of inducible gene expression systems. Despite many known effects of tetracyclines on mammalian cells–including inhibition of the mitochondrial ribosome–there have been few reports on potential off-target effects at concentrations commonly used in inducible systems. Here, we report that in human cell lines, commonly used concentrations of doxycycline change gene expression patterns and concomitantly shift metabolism towards a more glycolytic phenotype, evidenced by increased lactate secretion and reduced oxygen consumption. We also show that these concentrations are sufficient to slow proliferation. These findings suggest that researchers using doxycycline in inducible expression systems should design appropriate controls to account for potential confounding effects of the drug on cellular metabolism. PMID:23741339

Cass, Ashley; Braas, Daniel; York, Autumn G.; Bensinger, Steven J.; Graeber, Thomas G.; Christofk, Heather R.

2013-01-01

206

Discriminating Normal and Cancerous Thyroid Cell Lines using Implicit Context Representation Cartesian Genetic Programming  

E-print Network

Discriminating Normal and Cancerous Thyroid Cell Lines using Implicit Context Representation a method for discrimi- nating between thyroid cell lines. Five commercial thyroid cell lines were obtained common thyroid malignancy, followed by follicular carcinoma. Both of these cancers have a high chance

Fernandez, Thomas

207

9 CFR 113.52 - Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...Requirements § 113.52 Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...or in a filed Outline of Production each cell line used to prepare a biological...

2010-01-01

208

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive  

E-print Network

cancer cell lines. When coupled with pharmacological profiles for 24 anticancer drugs across 479of of `personalized' therapeutic regimens2 . Human cancer cell lines represent a mainstay of tumour biologyand drugLETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling

Kaski, Samuel

209

Fish cell culture: Characteristics of a cell line from the silver perch, Bairdiella chrysura  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A cell line designated SP-1 was established from tissue of the silver perch,Bairdiella chrysura. Cells were fibroblast-like and grew best at 26C in Leibovitz medium (L-15) containing 15% fetal bovine serum and 0.150m sodium chloride. Passage 1 to passage 9 SP-1 cells contained a chromosome number of 48; at passages 27 and 50 the modal numbers\\u000a were 51 and 54,

J. H. Wharton; R. D. Ellender; B. L. Middlebrooks; P. K. Stocks; Adrian R. Lawler; D. Howse

1977-01-01

210

Establishment of a clonal cell line that differentiates into adipose cells in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  From the fibroblastic cells of murine mammary tumor tissue we isolated a clonal cell line that could be induced to differentiate\\u000a into fat-accumulating cells in vitro. Differentiation began after the cultures had reached confluence and was accompanied\\u000a by (a) an increase in the incorporation of sodium acetate into the triglyceride (TG) fraction of cellular lipids, (b) a more\\u000a than 50-fold

Akiyoshi Hiragun; Mayumi Sato; Hiromi Mitsui

1980-01-01

211

Resistance to telomerase inhibition by human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures at the ends of chromosomes that are composed of a repetitive G rich sequence and telomeric binding proteins. Telomeres prevent the degradation of chromosomal ends and protect against inappropriate recombination. Telomere attrition involves a tumor suppressor pathway that limits the replication of premalignant cells. The loss of telomeric DNA with each round of replication leads to growth arrest accompanied by senescence or apoptosis. Many tumor cells activate the telomerase gene to bypass senescence. Telomerase is a multisubunit ribonucleoprotein that uses an RNA template to catalyze the addition of telomeric DNA to chromosomal ends. Overexpression of the TERT subunit leads to telomere lengthening and extension of the replicative lifespan. Dominant-negative telomerase has been shown to inhibit telomerase activity in many tumor cell lines, and this is associated with telomere shortening and apoptosis. Additionally, pharmacological telomerase inhibitors have been developed which lead to progressive telomere shortening and programmed cell death. In this study, we report a series of human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines that have high telomerase activity and short telomeres. Dominant-negative telomerase expression and pharmacological telomerase inhibition failed to completely inhibit enzymatic activity which was accompanied by the lack of telomere shortening. These cells continued to proliferate and demonstrated fewer responsive genes when treated with a pharmacological telomerase inhibitor. We concluded that some human squamous cell carcinoma cell lines are resistant to telomerase inhibition. PMID:21305252

Bojovic, Bojana; Crowe, David L

2011-04-01

212

'Fluorescent Cell Chip' for immunotoxicity testing: Development of the c-fos expression reporter cell lines  

SciTech Connect

The Fluorescent Cell Chip for in vitro immunotoxicity testing employs cell lines derived from lymphocytes, mast cells, and monocytes-macrophages transfected with various EGFP cytokine reporter gene constructs. While cytokine expression is a valid endpoint for in vitro immunotoxicity screening, additional marker for the immediate-early response gene expression level could be of interest for further development and refinement of the Fluorescent Cell Chip. We have used BW.5147.3 murine thymoma transfected with c-fos reporter constructs to obtain reporter cell lines expressing ECFP under the control of murine c-fos promoter. These cells upon serum withdrawal and readdition and incubation with heavy metal compounds showed paralleled induction of c-Fos expression as evidenced by Real-Time PCR and ECFP fluorescence as evidenced by computer-supported fluorescence microscopy. In conclusion, we developed fluorescent reporter cell lines that could be employed in a simple and time-efficient screening assay for possible action of chemicals on c-Fos expression in lymphocytes. The evaluation of usefulness of these cells for the Fluorescent Cell Chip-based detection of immunotoxicity will require additional testing with a larger number of chemicals.

Trzaska, Dominika [International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Warsaw (Poland); Zembek, Patrycja [International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Warsaw (Poland); Warsaw Agricultural University, Warsaw (Poland); Olszewski, Maciej [International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Warsaw (Poland); Adamczewska, Violetta [International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Warsaw (Poland); Ulleras, Erik [Department of Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Dastych, JarosIaw [International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Warsaw (Poland) and Centre for Medical Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lodowa 106, 93-232 Lodz (Poland)]. E-mail: jdastych@cbm.pan.pl

2005-09-01

213

The establishment of heliothine cell lines and their susceptibility to two baculoviruses.  

PubMed

A total of eight cell lines were established from Helicoverpa armigera (3) and H. punctigera (5) embryos and ovaries. Cell lines were established and grown in TC100 and/or TC199-MK containing 10% fetal bovine serum. The serum-free medlium ExCell 400 was also used, with and without 10% supplemental fetal bovine serum, but failed to generate cell lines from fat bodies, embryos, or ovarian tissues. Cell lines consisted of heterogenous cell types ranging from oval to fibroblast-like. This is the first report on the successful establishment of cell lines from H. punctigera. Cell lines from the two species were distinguishable from each other by DAF-PCR, and noticeable differences in minor bands were observed among cell lines from the same species. All of the established cell lines from both species were susceptible to HzSNPV but did not replicate more virus than that of a H. zea cell line (BCIRL-HZ-AM1-A11). However, an H. punctigera cell line (HP1) replicated AcMNPV to the highest titer (1.0 X 10(8) 50% tissue culture infective dose/ml), and only one of the H. armigerm cell lines (HA1) was susceptible to this virus. PMID:10475263

McIntosh, A H; Christian, P D; Grasela, J J

1999-02-01

214

A Focused Microarray for Screening Rat Embryonic Stem Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Here, we describe a focused microarray for screening rat embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and provide validation data that this array can distinguish undifferentiated rat ESCs from rat trophoblast stem (TS) cells, rat extraembryonic endoderm cells, mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder cells, and differentiated rat ESCs. Using this tool, genuine rat ESC lines, which have been expanded in a conventional rat ESC medium containing two inhibitors (2i), for example, glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitors, and leukemia inhibitory factor, and genuine rat ESCs, which have been expanded in rat ESC medium containing four inhibitors (4i), for example, GSK3, MEK, Alk5, and Rho-associated kinase inhibitors were compared; as were genuine rat ESCs from 4 different strains of rats. Expression of Cdx2, a gene associated with trophoblast determination, was observed in genuine, undifferentiated rat ESCs from 4 strains and from both 2i and 4i ESC derivation medium. This finding is in contrast to undifferentiated mouse ESCs that do not express Cdx2. The rat ESC focused microarray described in this report has utility for rapid screening of rat ESCs. This tool will enable optimization of culture conditions in the future. PMID:22889370

Hong, James; He, Hong; Bui, Phuoc; Ryba-White, Ben; Rumi, Mohammad A.K.; Soares, Michael J.; Dutta, Debasree; Paul, Soumen; Kawamata, Masaki; Ochiya, Takahiro; Ying, Qi-Long; Rajanahalli, Pavan

2013-01-01

215

Lung Cancer Cell Lines as Tools for Biomedical Discovery and Research  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer cell lines have made a substantial contribution to lung cancer translational research and biomedical discovery. A systematic approach to initiating and characterizing cell lines from small cell and non–small cell lung carcinomas has led to the current collection of more than 200 lung cancer cell lines, a number that exceeds those for other common epithelial cancers combined. The ready availability and widespread dissemination of the lines to investigators worldwide have resulted in more than 9000 citations, including multiple examples of important biomedical discoveries. The high (but not perfect) genomic similarities between lung cancer cell lines and the lung tumor type from which they were derived provide evidence of the relevance of their use. However, major problems including misidentification or cell line contamination remain. Ongoing studies and new approaches are expected to reveal the full potential of the lung cancer cell line panel. PMID:20679594

Girard, Luc; Lockwood, William W.; Lam, Wan L.; Minna, John D.

2010-01-01

216

Extracellular vesicles from a muscle cell line (C2C12) enhance cell survival and neurite outgrowth of a motor neuron cell line (NSC-34)  

PubMed Central

Introduction There is renewed interest in extracellular vesicles over the past decade or 2 after initially being thought of as simple cellular garbage cans to rid cells of unwanted components. Although there has been intense research into the role of extracellular vesicles in the fields of tumour and stem cell biology, the possible role of extracellular vesicles in nerve regeneration is just in its infancy. Background When a peripheral nerve is damaged, the communication between spinal cord motor neurons and their target muscles is disrupted and the result can be the loss of coordinated muscle movement. Despite state-of-the-art surgical procedures only approximately 10% of adults will recover full function after peripheral nerve repair. To improve upon such results will require a better understanding of the basic mechanisms that influence axon outgrowth and the interplay between the parent motor neuron and the distal end organ of muscle. It has previously been shown that extracellular vesicles are immunologically tolerated, display targeting ligands on their surface, and can be delivered in vivo to selected cell populations. All of these characteristics suggest that extracellular vesicles could play a significant role in nerve regeneration. Methods We have carried out studies using 2 very well characterized cell lines, the C2C12 muscle cell line and the motor neuron cell line NSC-34 to ask the question: Do extracellular vesicles from muscle influence cell survival and/or neurite outgrowth of motor neurons? Conclusion Our results show striking effects of extracellular vesicles derived from the muscle cell line on the motor neuron cell line in terms of neurite outgrowth and survival. PMID:24563732

Madison, Roger D.; McGee, Christopher; Rawson, Renee; Robinson, Grant A.

2014-01-01

217

Oxaliplatin, tetraplatin, cisplatin, and carboplatin: Spectrum of activity in drug-resistant cell lines and in the cell lines of the national cancer institute's anticancer drug screen panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to explore the activity of platinum compounds in cisplatinresistant cell lines, the unselected cell lines of the National Cancer Institute's Anticancer Drug Screen, and the potential for use in combination. The activities of four platinum compounds in cisplatin-resistant KB and A2780 cells were investigated. The cells were highly resistant to cisplatin and cross-resistant to carboplatin,

Olivier Rixe; Waldo Ortuzar; Manuel Alvarez; Ricardo Parker; Eddie Reed; Ken Paull; Tito Fojo

1996-01-01

218

Efficacy of all-trans retinoid acid in preventing nickel induced cardiotoxicity in myocardial cells of rats.  

PubMed

Nickel, a metal commonly found in battery plants and welding factories, has potential cardiotoxicity, while all-trans retinoid acid (atRA) can promote cardiovascular repair and myocardial recovery. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether atRA could prevent cardiotoxicity induced by nickel both in vitro and in vivo. In the study, a rat myocardial cell line (H9c2) exposed to different concentrations of nickel chloride (NiCl(2)) displayed apoptotic features accompanied by reactive oxygen species generation. In addition, NiCl(2) also caused obvious apoptosis and systolic dysfunction in primary myocardial cells. Treatment with atRA efficiently attenuated the cytotoxicities triggered by NiCl(2) as it significantly mitigated ROS generation and decreased MAP kinases activity in NiCl(2)-treated cardiomyocytes. Additionally, NiCl(2) exposure caused obvious arrhythmia in Sprague-Dawley rats with the maximum tolerance dose of NiCl(2) between 2 and 3mg/kg. A combinational intragastric administration of 40mg/kg atRA can partially reverse NiCl(2)-induced arrhythmia in rats. Our results suggested that atRA might have therapeutic potential in alleviating the adverse effects of nickel on the cardiovascular system. PMID:22989704

Lou, Siyue; Zhong, Like; Yang, Xiaochun; Xue, Tao; Gai, Renhua; Zhu, Difeng; Zhao, Yuqin; Yang, Bo; Ying, Meidan; He, Qiaojun

2013-01-01

219

Downregulation of MSP58 suppresses cell proliferation in neuroblastoma cell lines.  

PubMed

MSP58, a novel oncogene, shows transforming activity in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. However, the oncogenic role of MSP58 in tumor cells has not been fully characterized. To extend understanding of how this protein operates in tumorigenesis, we aimed to identify the effect of MSP58 on neuroblastoma cell proliferation. Here, we found that MSP58 was highly expressed in neuroblastoma tumor samples and cell lines. We found that the majority of MSP58 protein can be detected in the nucleus as reported in other cells. Moreover, MSP58-targeted shRNA lentivirus attenuated neuroblastoma cell proliferation. Knockdown of MSP58 resulted in S-phase cell accumulation, which was accompanied by changes in cell cycle-related molecules. These results indicate that MSP58 plays an oncogenic role in the proliferation of neuroblastoma cells and could be a novel target for the treatment of neuroblastoma. PMID:22975844

Wu, Lin; Zhang, Zhi-guo; Qin, Huai-zhou; Zhang, Jian; Gao, Guo-dong; Lin, Wei; Wang, Jiang; Zhang, Jing

2012-11-14

220

Tualang Honey Promotes Apoptotic Cell Death Induced by Tamoxifen in Breast Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Tualang honey (TH) is rich in flavonoids and phenolic acids and has significant anticancer activity against breast cancer cells comparable to the effect of tamoxifen (TAM), in vitro. The current study evaluated the effects of TH when used in combination with TAM on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. We observed that TH promoted the anticancer activity of TAM in both the estrogen receptor-(ER-)responsive and ER-nonresponsive human breast cancer cell lines. Flow cytometric analyses indicated accelerated apoptosis especially in MDA-MB-231 cells and with the involvement of caspase-3/7, -8 and -9 activation as shown by fluorescence microscopy. Depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane was also increased in both cell lines when TH was used in combination with TAM compared to TAM treatment alone. TH may therefore be a potential adjuvant to be used with TAM for reducing the dose of TAM, hence, reducing TAM-induced adverse effects. PMID:23476711

Yaacob, Nik Soriani; Nengsih, Agustine; Norazmi, Mohd. Nor

2013-01-01

221

Tualang honey promotes apoptotic cell death induced by tamoxifen in breast cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Tualang honey (TH) is rich in flavonoids and phenolic acids and has significant anticancer activity against breast cancer cells comparable to the effect of tamoxifen (TAM), in vitro. The current study evaluated the effects of TH when used in combination with TAM on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. We observed that TH promoted the anticancer activity of TAM in both the estrogen receptor-(ER-)responsive and ER-nonresponsive human breast cancer cell lines. Flow cytometric analyses indicated accelerated apoptosis especially in MDA-MB-231 cells and with the involvement of caspase-3/7, -8 and -9 activation as shown by fluorescence microscopy. Depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane was also increased in both cell lines when TH was used in combination with TAM compared to TAM treatment alone. TH may therefore be a potential adjuvant to be used with TAM for reducing the dose of TAM, hence, reducing TAM-induced adverse effects. PMID:23476711

Yaacob, Nik Soriani; Nengsih, Agustine; Norazmi, Mohd Nor

2013-01-01

222

Restoration of plakoglobin expression in bladder carcinoma cell lines suppresses cell migration and tumorigenic potential  

PubMed Central

The reduction or loss of plakoglobin expression in late-stage bladder cancer has been correlated with poor survival where upregulation of this catenin member by histone deacetylase inhibitors has been shown to accompany tumour suppression in an in vivo model. In this study, we directly addressed the question of the role of plakoglobin in bladder tumorigenesis following restoration, or knockdown of expression in bladder carcinoma cell lines. Restoration of plakoglobin expression resulted in a reduction in migration and suppression of tumorigenic potential in vivo. Immunocytochemistry revealed cytoplasmic and membranous localisation of plakoglobin in transfectants with <1% of cells displaying detectable nuclear localisation of plakoglobin. siRNA knockdown experiments targeting plakoglobin, revealed enhanced migration in all cell lines in the presence and absence of E-cadherin expression. In bladder cell lines expressing low levels of plakoglobin and desmoglein-2, elevated levels of desmoglein-2 were detected following restoration of plakoglobin expression in transfected cell lines. Analysis of wnt signalling revealed no activation event associated with plakoglobin expression in the bladder model. These results show that plakoglobin acts as a tumour suppressor gene in bladder carcinoma cells and the silencing of plakoglobin gene expression in late-stage bladder cancer is a primary event in tumour progression. PMID:15942628

Rieger-Christ, K M; Ng, L; Hanley, R S; Durrani, O; Ma, H; Yee, A S; Libertino, J A; Summerhayes, I C

2005-01-01

223

Absence of annexin I expression in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Annexin I, one of the 20 members of the annexin family of calcium and phospholipid-binding proteins, has been implicated in diverse biological processes including signal transduction, mediation of apoptosis and immunosuppression. Previous studies have shown increased annexin I expression in pancreatic and breast cancers, while it is absent in prostate and esophageal cancers. Results Data presented here show that annexin I mRNA and protein are undetectable in 10 out of 12 B-cell lymphoma cell lines examined. Southern blot analysis indicates that the annexin I gene is intact in B-cell lymphoma cell lines. Aberrant methylation was examined as a cause for lack of annexin I expression by treating cells 5-Aza-2-deoxycytidine. Reexpression of annexin I was observed after prolonged treatment with the demethylating agent indicating methylation may be one of the mechanisms of annexin I silencing. Treatment of Raji and OMA-BL-1 cells with lipopolysaccharide, an inflammation inducer, and with hydrogen peroxide, a promoter of oxidative stress, also failed to induce annexin I expression. Annexin I expression was examined in primary lymphoma tissues by immunohistochemistry and presence of annexin I in a subset of normal B-cells and absence of annexin I expression in the lymphoma tissues were observed. These results show that annexin I is expressed in normal B-cells, and its expression is lost in all primary B-cell lymphomas and 10 of 12 B-cell lymphoma cell lines. Conclusions Our results suggest that, similar to prostate and esophageal cancers, annexin I may be an endogenous suppressor of cancer development, and loss of annexin I may contribute to B-cell lymphoma development. PMID:15070421

Vishwanatha, Jamboor K; Salazar, Eric; Gopalakrishnan, Velliyur K

2004-01-01

224

Drug Treatment of Cancer Cell Lines: A Way to Select for Cancer Stem Cells?  

PubMed Central

Tumors are generally composed of different cell types. In recent years, it has been shown that in many types of cancers a subset of cells show peculiar characteristics, such as the ability to induce tumors when engrafted into host animals, self-renew and being immortal, and give rise to a differentiated progeny. These cells have been defined as cancer stem cells (CSCs) or tumor initiating cells. CSCs can be isolated both from tumor specimens and established cancer cell lines on the basis of their ability to exclude fluorescent dyes, express specific cell surface markers or grow in particular culture conditions. A key feature of CSCs is their resistance to chemotherapeutic agents, which could contribute to the remaining of residual cancer cells after therapeutic treatments. It has been shown that CSC-like cells can be isolated after drug treatment of cancer cell lines; in this review, we will describe the strategies so far applied to identify and isolate CSCs. Furthermore, we will discuss the possible use of these selected populations to investigate CSC biology and develop new anticancer drugs. PMID:24212655

Chiodi, Ilaria; Belgiovine, Cristina; Donà, Francesca; Scovassi, A. Ivana; Mondello, Chiara

2011-01-01

225

Photodynamic therapy-induced programmed cell death in carcinoma cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mode of cell death following photodynamic therapy (PDT) was investigated from the perspective of programmed cell death (apoptosis). Human prostate carcinoma cells (PC3), human non-small cell lung carcinoma (H322a), and rat mammary carcinoma (MTF7) were treated by PDT following sensitization with dihematoporphyrin ether (DHE). The response of these carcinoma cell lines to PDT was variable. An examination of extracted cellular DNA by gel electrophoresis showed the characteristic DNA ladder pattern indicative of internucleosomal cleavage of DNA during apoptosis. MTF7 and PC3 responded to PDT by inducing apoptosis while H322a had no apoptotic response. The magnitude of the response and the PDT dosage required to induce the effect were different in PC3 and MTF7. MTF7 cells responded with rapid apoptosis at the dose of light and drug that yielded 50% cell death (LD50). In contrast, PC3 showed only marginal apoptosis at the LD50 but had a marked response at the LD85. Furthermore, the onset of apoptosis followed slower kinetics in PC3 (2 hr - 4 hr) than in MTF7 (< 1 hr). H322a cells were killed by PDT but failed to exhibit any apoptotic response. This study indicates that apoptosis may occur during PDT induced cell death, but this pathway is not universal for all cancer cell lines.

He, Xiao-Yan; Sikes, Robert A.; Thomsen, Sharon L.; Chung, L.; Jacques, Steven L.

1993-06-01

226

Gene expression pattern of insect fat body cells from in vitro challenge to cell line establishment.  

PubMed

The cell lines provided excellent tools to understand the mechanism of biological phenomenon at the cellular and molecular levels. The continuous development of new cell culture technology is both of interest for use in biochemical, immunology, and virological studies. The transformation of cells of the primary culture is a key procedure for insect cell line establishment but little is known about the molecular basis of these changes. Here, we found that the cell cycle progression of the cells of the primary culture was delayed or arrested in G2/M by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. In this study, two subtractive cDNA libraries were constructed to screen for immortal-related genes of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Gene ontology and pathway analysis indicated that members of the oxidative phosphorylation, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and the ubiquitin proteasome pathway are involved in processes leading toward cell immortalization merit further investigation. Our findings suggest that tumor-related genes or target genes of these pathways may contribute to the transformation of primary cell through regulation of G2/M cell cycle progression. PMID:25213689

Zhang, Huan; Meng, Qian; Tang, Ping; Li, Xuan; Zhu, Wei; Zhou, Guiling; Shu, Ruihao; Zhang, Jihong; Qin, Qilian

2014-12-01

227

Alginate-matrigel microencapsulated schwann cells for inducible secretion of glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor.  

PubMed

Controlled expression of glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (Gdnf) can be integrated in the development of a system for repair of injured peripheral nerves. This delivery strategy was demonstrated via inducible Gdnf from microencapsulated cells in barium alginate. The Schwann cell line RT4-D6P2T was initially modified utilizing an ecdysone-based stable transfection system to produce RT4-Gdnf cells. During construct preparation, it was found that C6 cells (where Gdnf cDNA was isolated) make three Gdnf transcript variants. Additionally, the importance of 5' untranslated region to drive biologically-functional Gdnf synthesis was shown. Encapsulation of RT4-Gdnf in 1% alginate was then performed. It was determined that cells were able to survive at least 1 month in vitro using starting densities of 20, 200 and 2000 cells/capsule and barium ion concentrations of 10, 50, 100 and 200 mM. Most importantly, encapsulated cells secreted exogenous Gdnf upon ponasterone A induction. Mixture of basement membrane extract Matrigel to alginate promoted increased proliferation, cell spreading and Gdnf release. Finally, compression tests showed that cell-loaded microcapsules fractured at 75% diameter compression with 38 kPa of stress. Regulated Gdnf release from these microcapsules in vivo may potentially aid in the regeneration of damaged nerves. PMID:19238724

de Guzman, Roche C; Ereifej, Evon S; Broadrick, Kristy M; Rogers, Richard A; VandeVord, Pamela J

2008-10-01

228

Use of human cell lines The use of human cell lines and tissues in the laboratory presents potential hazards. These potential  

E-print Network

Use of human cell lines The use of human cell lines and tissues in the laboratory presents, HPV and CMV, as well as agents such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis that may be present in human lung present potential hazards to laboratory personnel. The Office of Biosafety is requiring that human

Arnold, Jonathan

229

Establishment of Renal Cell Lines Derived from S2 Segments of the Proximal Tubule  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish epithelial cell lines derived from defined nephron segments. Primary cultures were prepared from dissected proximal S2 segments of the rabbit kidney, and grown in monolayers. Immortalization was observed after nuclear microinjection of the cells with simian virus 40 DNA and resulted in the development of cell lines of epithelial morphology. These cell

Christine Fauth; Danielle Chabardès; Maria Allaz; Madeleine Garcia; Bernard Rossier; Françoise Roch-Ramel; Michel Claire

1991-01-01

230

Protein Plays Different Roles in Growth of Normal and Cancerous Mouse Cell Lines  

Cancer.gov

Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have found that inhibition of the same protein produces different effects in mouse cell lines depending on whether those cell lines express normal or cancerous forms of Kit, a cell surface receptor critical for the development of some kinds of blood cells.

231

Beta-Cell Lines Derived from Transgenic Mice Expressing a Hybrid Insulin Gene-Oncogene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three pancreatic beta-cell lines have been established from insulinomas derived from transgenic mice carrying a hybrid insulin-promoted simian virus 40 tumor antigen gene. The beta tumor cell (beta TC) lines maintain the features of differentiated beta cells for about 50 passages in culture. The cells produce both proinsulin I and II and efficiently process each into mature insulin, in a

Shimon Efrat; Susanne Linde; Hans Kofod; David Spector; Michael Delannoy; Seth Grant; Douglas Hanahan; Steinunn Baekkeskov

1988-01-01

232

Characterisation of human cell lines and differentiation from HeLa by enzyme typing  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE value of a great deal of research on cells in culture depends on the certain identity of the cells under investigation. Contamination of one cell line with another, leading to mixed cultures or in some cases complete overgrowth of the original cells by the contaminating line, is a longstanding problem. Interspecific contamination has been recognised by both immunological and

S. Povey; D. A. Hopkinson; Harry Harris; L. M. FRANKS

1976-01-01

233

Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines Secrete the Major Plasma Proteins and Hepatitis B Surface Antigen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of the cell culture fluid from two new human hepatoma-derived cell lines reveals that 17 of the major human plasma proteins are synthesized and secreted by these cells. One of these cell lines, Hep 3B, also produces the two major polypeptides of the hepatitis B virus surface antigen. When Hep 3B is injected into athymic mice, metastatic hepatocellular carcinomas

Barbara B. Knowles; Chin C. Howe; David P. Aden

1980-01-01

234

Arsenic trioxide induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in laryngeal squamous cell line Hep-2 cells.  

PubMed

Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has been used in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and many malignant solid tumors. Recently, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in As2O3-treated laryngeal squamous cell line Hep-2 cells. In the present work, the expression of ER stress-related proteins was investigated in As2O3-treated Hep-2 cells. The results showed that As2O3 increased the expression of GRP78, CHOP, phosphorylated eIF2? and ATF4, all of which are the molecule of ER stress. Therefore, As2O3 induced ER stress in Hep-2 cells. PMID:23880367

Yang, Xinxin; An, Liangxiang; Li, Xiaoyu

2014-02-01

235

Identification of side population cells in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines with stepwise metastatic potentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To identify the side population (SP) cells from four hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with stepwise metastatic potentials.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  SP cells were sorted from HCCLM3, MHCC97-H, MHCC97-L and Hep3B by flow cytometry, and then analyzed by differentiation study,\\u000a clonogenic assay, chemoresistance study and tumorigenicity assay in vivo. The expression of ABCG2 in SP cells was detected by immunocytochemistry, western blotting and

Guo-Ming Shi; Yang Xu; Jia Fan; Jian Zhou; Xin-Rong Yang; Shuang-Jian Qiu; Yong Liao; Wei-Zhong Wu; Yuan Ji; Ai-Wu Ke; Zhen-Bin Ding; Yi-Zhou He; Bing Wu; Guo-Huan Yang; Wen-Zhen Qin; Wu Zhang; Jiang Zhu; Zhi-Hui Min; Zhi-Quan Wu

2008-01-01

236

Detection of antigens specific for B-lymphoid cultured cell lines with human alloantisera  

PubMed Central

Human sera were tested for cytotoxicity to pairs of long-term tissue- cultured cell lines. Each pair had been derived from the same individual and one of the pairs possessed the characteristics of either "T" or "B" cells. The alloantisera used were HL-A-typing reagents or sera obtained from Amish multiparas. Selected cytotoxicity was found against the B-cell lines by direct testing. Cytotoxicity was abolished by absorption with B-cell line but not by absorption with the T-cell lines. The results suggest that a group of allotypic antigens may be expressed exculsively on human B cells. PMID:1080182

1975-01-01

237

Establishment of renal cell lines derived from S2 segments of the proximal tubule.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to establish epithelial cell lines derived from defined nephron segments. Primary cultures were prepared from dissected proximal S2 segments of the rabbit kidney, and grown in monolayers. Immortalization was observed after nuclear microinjection of the cells with simian virus 40 DNA and resulted in the development of cell lines of epithelial morphology. These cell lines were maintained in culture for at least 24 passages, then cells were frozen. One of the cell lines, the RKPC-2, was selected and further characterized. RKPC-2 cells formed domes on impermeable supports, indicating fluid and solute transport. RKPC-2 cells formed continuous monolayers of low transepithelial resistance on collagen-coated filters. They were able to accumulate tetraethylammonium, an organic cation; however, no significant transcellular transport could be measured. We conclude that this cell line which shows characteristics of epithelial cells has maintained certain properties of intact proximal tubules, in particular the capacity to accumulate organic cations. PMID:1707548

Fauth, C; Chabardès, D; Allaz, M; Garcia, M; Rossier, B; Roch-Ramel, F; Claire, M

1991-01-01

238

Analysis of multiple markers for cancer stem-like cells in human thyroid carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) play important roles in cancer initiation and progression. CSCs have been isolated using several markers, but those for thyroid CSCs remain to be confirmed. We therefore conducted a comprehensive search for thyroid CSC markers. Expression of nine cell surface markers (CD13, CD15, CD24, CD44, CD90, CD117, CD133, CD166, and CD326) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, which are CSC markers in various solid cancers, and the ability to form spheres in vitro and tumors in vivo were investigated using eight thyroid cancer cell lines (FRO, KTC1/2/3, TPC1, WRO, ACT1, and 8505C). Among these, four cell lines (FRO, KTC3, ACT1, and 8505C) possessed the both abilities; however, common markers indicative of CSCs were not observed. The pattern of ability to form spheres was completely matched to that of tumor formation, suggesting that our sphere assay is valuable for assessment of tumor-forming ability. Next, the cells were sorted using these markers and subjected to the sphere assay. In three cell lines (FRO, KTC3, and ACT1), ALDH(pos) cells showed higher sphere forming ability than ALDH(neg) cells but not in other cells. CD326(hi) also appeared to be a candidate marker only in FRO cells. However, these subpopulations did not follow a classical hierarchical model because ALDH(neg) and CD326(low) fractions also generated ALDH(pos) and CD326(hi) cells, respectively. These data suggest that ALDH activity is probably a major candidate marker to enrich thyroid CSCs but not universal; other markers such as CD326 that regulate different CSC properties may exist. PMID:24531915

Shimamura, Mika; Nagayama, Yuji; Matsuse, Michiko; Yamashita, Shunichi; Mitsutake, Norisato

2014-01-01

239

The telomerase inhibitor imetelstat depletes cancer stem cells in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Cancer stem cells (CSC) are rare drug-resistant cancer cell subsets proposed to be responsible for the maintenance and recurrence of cancer and metastasis. Telomerase is constitutively active in both bulk tumor cell and CSC populations but has only limited expression in normal tissues. Thus, inhibition of telomerase has been shown to be a viable approach in controlling cancer growth in nonclinical studies and is currently in phase II clinical trials. In this study, we investigated the effects of imetelstat (GRN163L), a potent telomerase inhibitor, on both the bulk cancer cells and putative CSCs. When breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines were treated with imetelstat in vitro, telomerase activity in the bulk tumor cells and CSC subpopulations were inhibited. Additionally, imetelstat treatment reduced the CSC fractions present in the breast and pancreatic cell lines. In vitro treatment with imetelstat, but not control oligonucleotides, also reduced the proliferation and self-renewal potential of MCF7 mammospheres and resulted in cell death after <4 weeks of treatment. In vitro treatment of PANC1 cells showed reduced tumor engraftment in nude mice, concomitant with a reduction in the CSC levels. Differences between telomerase activity expression levels or telomere length of CSCs and bulk tumor cells in these cell lines did not correlate with the increased sensitivity of CSCs to imetelstat, suggesting a mechanism of action independent of telomere shortening for the effects of imetelstat on the CSC subpopulations. Our results suggest that imetelstat-mediated depletion of CSCs may offer an alternative mechanism by which telomerase inhibition may be exploited for cancer therapy. PMID:21062983

Joseph, Immanual; Tressler, Robert; Bassett, Ekaterina; Harley, Calvin; Buseman, Christen M; Pattamatta, Preeti; Wright, Woodring E; Shay, Jerry W; Go, Ning F

2010-11-15

240

Interaction of the hemolytic lectin, CEL-III, with cultured human leukemic cell lines.  

PubMed

We studied interaction of CEL-III with cultured human leukemic cell lines and lymphocytes from normal adults by evaluating the extent of cytotoxicity and cytoagglutination. Among acute T lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines, CEL-III displayed increased toxicity against different acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines as a function of increasing differentiation stage. In the case of acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cell lines, CEL-III showed strong cytotoxicity against relatively immature cell lines. We found that CEL-III was more toxic for ALL cell lines than leukocytes obtained from peripheral blood of healthy adults. Strong influence of the additional amount of calcium ion on the extent of cytotoxicity was observed. In addition, we describe a new way to evaluate the extent of cytoagglutination in "% of agglutinated cells". These findings make CEL-III a promising candidate in research for lectins which bind to and destroy only the targeted leukemic cells. PMID:11177600

Sallay, I; Moriwaki, S; Nakamura, O; Yasuda, S; Kimura, M; Yamasaki, N; Itoh, K; Ohba, H

2000-12-01

241

Transcription factor binding predicts histone modifications in human cell lines  

PubMed Central

Gene expression in higher organisms is thought to be regulated by a complex network of transcription factor binding and chromatin modifications, yet the relative importance of these two factors remains a matter of debate. Here, we show that a computational approach allows surprisingly accurate prediction of histone modifications solely from knowledge of transcription factor binding both at promoters and at potential distal regulatory elements. This accuracy significantly and substantially exceeds what could be achieved by using DNA sequence as an input feature. Remarkably, we show that transcription factor binding enables strikingly accurate predictions across different cell lines. Analysis of the relative importance of specific transcription factors as predictors of specific histone marks recapitulated known interactions between transcription factors and histone modifiers. Our results demonstrate that reported associations between histone marks and gene expression may be indirect effects caused by interactions between transcription factors and histone-modifying complexes. PMID:25187560

Benveniste, Dan; Sonntag, Hans-Joachim; Sanguinetti, Guido; Sproul, Duncan

2014-01-01

242

Immune suppressor factor confers stromal cell line with enhanced supporting activity for hematopoietic stem cells  

SciTech Connect

Immune suppressor factor (ISF) is a subunit of the vacuolar ATPase proton pump. We earlier identified a short form of ISF (ShIF) as a stroma-derived factor that supports cytokine-independent growth of mutant Ba/F3 cells. Here, we report that ISF/ShIF supports self-renewal and expansion of primary hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Co-culture of murine bone marrow cells with a stromal cell line overexpressing ISF or ShIF (MS10/ISF or MS10/ShIF) not only enhanced their colony-forming activity and the numbers of long-term culture initiating cells, but also maintained the competitive repopulating activity of HSC. This stem cell supporting activity depended on the proton-transfer function of ISF/ShIF. Gene expression analysis of ISF/ShIF-transfected cell lines revealed down-regulation of secreted frizzled-related protein-1 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3, and the restoration of their expressions in MS10/ISF cells partially reversed its enhanced LTC-IC supporting activity to a normal level. These results suggest that ISF/ShIF confers stromal cells with enhanced supporting activities for HSCs by modulating Wnt-activity and the extracellular matrix.

Nakajima, Hideaki [Center of Excellence, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan)]. E-mail: hnakajim@ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Shibata, Fumi [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Fukuchi, Yumi [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Goto-Koshino, Yuko [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Ito, Miyuki [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Urano, Atsushi [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan); Nakahata, Tatsutoshi [Department of Pediatrics, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507 (Japan); Aburatani, Hiroyuki [Department of Cancer Systems Biology, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan); Kitamura, Toshio [Division of Cellular Therapy, Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639 (Japan)

2006-02-03

243

Germline transmission of a novel rat embryonic stem cell line derived from transgenic rats.  

PubMed

Germline-competent rat embryonic stem (ES) cell lines are important resources for the creation of mutant rat models using ES-cell-based gene targeting technology. The ability to isolate germline-competent ES cell lines from any rat strain, including genetically modified strains, would allow for more sophisticated genetic manipulations without extensive breeding. Sprague Dawley (SD) males carrying an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) transgene were used as the founder animals for the derivation of ES cell lines. A number of ES cell lines were established and subjected to rigorous quality control testing that included assessment of pluripotency factor expression, karyotype analysis, and pathogen/sterility testing. Two male ES cell lines, SD-Tg.EC1/Rrrc and SD-Tg.EC8/Rrrc, were injected into blastocysts recovered from a cross of Dark Agouti (DA) males with SD females. Resulting chimeric animals were bred with wild-type SD mates to verify the germline transmissibility of the ES cell lines by identifying pups carrying the ES cell line-derived EGFP transgene. While both ES cell lines gave rise to chimeric animals, only SD-Tg.EC1 was germline competent. This confirms the feasibility of deriving germline-competent ES cell lines from transgenic rat strains and provides a novel ES cell line with a stable green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter for future genetic manipulations to create new rat models. PMID:22455749

Men, Hongsheng; Bauer, Beth A; Bryda, Elizabeth C

2012-09-20

244

BMEC-1: a human bone marrow microvascular endothelial cell line with primary cell characteristics.  

PubMed

Bone marrow microvascular endothelial cells (BMEC) are a functional component of the bone marrow stroma and have been shown to release hematopoietic regulatory factors as well as to selectively adhere and support the proliferation and differentiation of CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors. An early passage of these cells was immortalized by transfection with a vector (pSVT) encoding the large T antigen of SV40. The transformed cell line (CDC/CU.BMEC-1) expresses the SV40 transcript, retains the primary cell expression of Ulex europeaus and vWF/ FVIII, and incorporates acetylated low-density lipoprotein. In addition, BMEC-1 mirrors the phenotype of the primary cells with only a few exceptions. Both cell populations express the cellular adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and PECAM and also VCAM-1 and ELAM-1 after upregulation by tumor necrosis factor-alpha. The fibronectin receptor, hyaluronate receptor, collagen receptor, integrins VLA-alpha 3, VLA-alpha 4, and beta 4, endoglin, collagen IV, CD58, and CD61 are also expressed. The only differences are that BMEC-1 expresses higher levels of ICAM-1, CD58, CD34, CD36, and c-kit than the primary cells. The supernatants of primary cell and BMEC-1 contain stem cell factor, interleukin-6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-1 alpha, IL-11, and G-CSF. The functional significance of these hematopoietic cytokines was demonstrated in transwell cultures. Both cell populations supported the expansion of progeny from CD34+ cell-enriched cord blood mononuclear cells suspended in the upper chamber. These characteristics, plus the fact that BMEC-1 can be maintained independently of exogenous growth factors and exhibit contact inhibition, indicate that this cell line can be used to further define the role of BMEC in hematopoiesis. PMID:8954864

Candal, F J; Rafii, S; Parker, J T; Ades, E W; Ferris, B; Nachman, R L; Kellar, K L

1996-11-01

245

Establishment and Characterization of 7 Novel Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines from Patient-Derived Tumor Xenografts  

PubMed Central

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer with poor prognosis worldwide and the molecular mechanism is not well understood. This study aimed to establish a collection of human HCC cell lines from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. From the 20 surgical HCC sample collections, 7 tumors were successfully developed in immunodeficient mice and further established 7 novel HCC cell lines (LIXC002, LIXC003, LIXC004, LIXC006, LIXC011, LIXC012 and CPL0903) by primary culture. The characterization of cell lines was defined by morphology, growth kinetics, cell cycle, chromosome analysis, short tandem repeat (STR) analysis, molecular profile, and tumorigenicity. Additionally, response to clinical chemotherapeutics was validated both in vitro and in vivo. STR analysis indicated that all cell lines were unique cells different from known cell lines and free of contamination by bacteria or mycoplasma. The other findings were quite heterogeneous between individual lines. Chromosome aberration could be found in all cell lines. Alpha-fetoprotein was overexpressed only in 3 out of 7 cell lines. 4 cell lines expressed high level of vimentin. Ki67 was strongly stained in all cell lines. mRNA level of retinoic acid induced protein 3 (RAI3) was decreased in all cell lines. The 7 novel cell lines showed variable sensitivity to 8 tested compounds. LIXC011 and CPL0903 possessed multiple drug resistance property. Sorafenib inhibited xenograft tumor growth of LIXC006, but not of LIXC012. Our results indicated that the 7 novel cell lines with low passage maintaining their clinical and pathological characters could be good tools for further exploring the molecular mechanism of HCC and anti-cancer drug screening. PMID:24416385

Hu, Gang; Xie, Fubo; Ouyang, Kedong; Tang, Xuzhen; Wang, Minjun; Wen, Danyi; Zhu, Yizhun; Qin, Xiaoran

2014-01-01

246

Macrophage cell lines derived from major histocompatibility complex II-negative mice  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two bone-marrow-derived macrophage cell lines, C2D and C2Dt, were isolated from major histocompatibility class II negative knock-out mice. The C2D cell line was stabilized by continuous culture in colony-stimulating factor-1 and the C2Dt cell line was transformed with SV40 virus large T antigen. These cells exhibited phenotypic properties of macrophages including morphology and expression of Mac 1 and Mac 2 cell surface molecules. These cells also had comparable growth to the bone-marrow-derived macrophage cell line B6MP102. These new cell lines were not spontaneously cytotoxic and were only capable of modest killing of F5b tumor cells when stimulated with LPS and interferon-gamma, but not when stimulated with LPS alone or with staphylococcal exotoxin. C2D and C2Dt cells phagocytosed labeled Staphylococcus aureus similarly to B6MP102 cells but less well than C2D peritoneal macrophages. These cell lines secreted interleukin-6, but not tumor necrosis factor or nitric oxide in response to LPS or staphlococcal enterotoxins A or B C2D(t) cells were tumorigenic in C2D and C57BL/6J mice but C2D cells were not. These data suggest that macrophage cell lines can be established from bone marrow cells of major histocompatibility complex II-negative mice.

Beharka, A. A.; Armstrong, J. W.; Chapes, S. K.; Spooner, B. S. (Principal Investigator)

1998-01-01

247

ChromosomalAnalysis of HumanProstatic AdenocarcinomaCell Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although detailed cytogenetic analysis has been carried out in many types of cancer, there is little information on the chromosomal makeup of prostatic cancer cells. Kanyobogical analysesof cell lines derived from both metastaticand primary prostatic carcinoma have been carried out by Q-, C-, and sequential banding techniques. The metastatic line, PC-3, isolated from a bone marrow specimen,is an establishedepithelial line

Yasushi Ohnuki; Maureen M. Marnell; Merrill S. Babcock; John F. Lechner; M. Edward Kaighn

248

Isolation and characterization of cell lines of Nicotiana tabacum lacking nitrate reductase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chlorate-resistant cell lines were established from survivors after plating allodihaploid cells of Nicotiana tabacum into solid medium containing 20 mM chlorate and amino acids as sole nitrogen source. Data characterizing 9 of the most resistant lines are presented. The mutational origin of these lines was inferred on the basis of the enhancement of the variant frequency by mutagen treatment, and

Andreas J. Mtiller; Reinhard Grafe

1978-01-01

249

Lymphokine activated killer cells from umbilical cord blood show higher antitumor effect against anaplastic astrocytoma cell line (U87) and medulloblastoma cell line (TE671) than lymphokine activated killer cells from peripheral blood  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectsThe aims of this study were to assess the cytotoxic capability of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells from umbilical cord blood (UCB), to compare them with those of peripheral blood (PB)-derived cells against anaplastic astrocytoma cell line (U87) and medulloblastoma cell line (TE671), and to identify which mechanism and genes were involved in cytotoxicity.MethodsThe effector cells were generated by interleukin-2 from

Seok-Gu Kang; ChungHun Ryu; SinSoo Jeun; Hyung-Jin Shin; JongHyun Kim; MoonChan Kim; JoonKi Kang

2004-01-01

250

Opioid binding site in EL-4 thymoma cell line  

SciTech Connect

Using EL-4 thymoma cell-line we found a binding site similar to the k opioid receptor of the nervous system. The Scatchard analysis of the binding of (/sup 3/H) bremazocine indicated a single site with a K/sub D/ = 60 +/- 17 nM and Bmax = 2.7 +/- 0.8 pmols/10/sup 6/ cells. To characterize this binding site, competition studies were performed using selective compounds for the various opioid receptors. The k agonist U-50,488H was the most potent displacer of (/sup 3/H) bremazocine with an IC/sub 50/ value = 0.57..mu..M. The two steroisomers levorphanol and dextrorphan showed the same affinity for this site. While morphine, (D-Pen/sup 2/, D-Pen/sup 5/) enkephalin and ..beta..-endorphin failed to displace, except at very high concentrations, codeine demonstrated a IC/sub 50/ = 60..mu..M, that was similar to naloxone. 32 references, 3 figures, 2 tables.

Fiorica, E.; Spector, S.

1988-01-01

251

Comparison of betanodavirus replication efficiency in ten Indian fish cell lines.  

PubMed

Ten cell lines established from Indian marine, brackishwater and freshwater fish were tested for their susceptibility to fish nodavirus. In addition, the efficiency of betanodavirus replication was tested in these cell lines. Multiple vacuolation, a typical cytopathic effect for virus infection, was observed in infected SISK, SISS, SIGE and ICF cells. Infection of the different fish cell lines was confirmed by RT-PCR, immunodot blot assay and indirect ELISA. The virus concentration in culture supernatant collected from infected sea bass and grouper cell lines increased progressively from 10(3) at day 1 postinfection to 10(8) TCID50 ml(-1) at day 9. The amount of virus in different cell lines was also quantified by real-time PCR. These results indicate the suitability of the SISK, SISS, and SIGE cell lines for fish nodavirus propagation for developing viral diagnostics and vaccines. PMID:23392632

Sarath Babu, V; Abdul Majeed, S; Nambi, K S N; Taju, G; Madan, N; Sundar Raj, N; Sahul Hameed, A S

2013-06-01

252

Nuclear Motility in Glioma Cells Reveals a Cell-Line Dependent Role of Various Cytoskeletal Components  

PubMed Central

Nuclear migration is a general term for the movement of the nucleus towards a specific site in the cell. These movements are involved in a number of fundamental biological processes, such as fertilization, cell division, and embryonic development. Despite of its importance, the mechanism of nuclear migration is still poorly understood in mammalian cells. In order to shed light on the mechanical processes underlying nuclear movements, we adapted a micro-patterning based assay. C6 rat and U87 human glioma cells seeded on fibronectin patterns - thereby forced into a bipolar morphology - displayed oscillatory movements of the nucleus or the whole cell, respectively. We found that both the actomyosin system and microtubules are involved in the nuclear/cellular movements of both cell lines, but their contributions are cell-/migration-type specific. Dynein activity was necessary for nuclear migration of C6 cells but active myosin-II was dispensable. On the other hand, coupled nuclear and cellular movements of U87 cells were driven by actomyosin contraction. We explain these cell-line dependent effects by the intrinsic differences in the overall mechanical tension due to the various cytoskeletal elements inside the cell. Our observations showed that the movements of the nucleus and the centrosome are strongly correlated and display large variation, indicating a tight but flexible coupling between them. The data also indicate that the forces responsible for nuclear movements are not acting directly via the centrosome. Based on our observations, we propose a new model for nuclear oscillations in C6 cells in which dynein and microtubule dynamics are the main drivers of nuclear movements. This mechanism is similar to the meiotic nuclear oscillations of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and may be evolutionary conserved. PMID:24691067

Kiss, Alexa; Horvath, Peter; Rothballer, Andrea; Kutay, Ulrike; Csucs, Gabor

2014-01-01

253

Rabbit embryonic stem cell lines derived from fertilized, parthenogenetic or somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos  

SciTech Connect

Embryonic stem cells were isolated from rabbit blastocysts derived from fertilization (conventional rbES cells), parthenogenesis (pES cells) and nuclear transfer (ntES cells), and propagated in a serum-free culture system. Rabbit ES (rbES) cells proliferated for a prolonged time in an undifferentiated state and maintained a normal karyotype. These cells grew in a monolayer with a high nuclear/cytoplasm ratio and contained a high level of alkaline phosphate activity. In addition, rbES cells expressed the pluripotent marker Oct-4, as well as EBAF2, FGF4, TDGF1, but not antigens recognized by antibodies against SSEA-1, SSEA-3, SSEA-4, TRA-1-10 and TRA-1-81. All 3 types of ES cells formed embryoid bodies and generated teratoma that contained tissue types of all three germ layers. rbES cells exhibited a high cloning efficiency, were genetically modified readily and were used as nuclear donors to generate a viable rabbit through somatic cell nuclear transfer. In combination with genetic engineering, the ES cell technology should facilitate the creation of new rabbit lines.

Fang, Zhen F. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Gai, Hui [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Huang, You Z. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institute for Biology Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200092 (China); Li, Shan G. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Chen, Xue J. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Shi, Jian J. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institute for Biology Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200092 (China); Wu, Li [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Liu, Ailian [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Xu, Ping [Shanghai Laboratory Animal Center, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201615 (China); Sheng, Hui Z. [Center for Developmental Biology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai 200092 (China)]. E-mail: hzsheng2003@yahoo.com

2006-11-01

254

Derivation and osmotolerance characterization of three immortalized tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) cell lines.  

PubMed

Fish cell cultures are becoming more widely used models for investigating molecular mechanisms of physiological response to environmental challenge. In this study, we derived two immortalized Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) cell lines from brain (OmB) and lip epithelium (OmL), and compared them to a previously immortalized bulbus arteriosus (TmB) cell line. The OmB and OmL cell lines were generated without or with Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) inhibitor/3T3 feeder layer supplementation. Although both approaches were successful, ROCK inhibitor/feeder layer supplementation was found to offer the advantages of selecting for epithelial-like cell type and decreasing time to immortalization. After immortalization (? passage 5), we characterized the proteomes of the newly derived cell lines (OmB and OmL) using LCMS and identified several unique cell markers for each line. Subsequently, osmotolerance for each of the three cell lines following acute exposure to elevated sodium chloride was evaluated. The acute maximum osmotolerance of these tilapia cell lines (>700 mOsm/kg) was markedly higher than that of any other known vertebrate cell line, but was significantly higher in the epithelial-like OmL cell line. To validate the physiological relevance of these tilapia cell lines, we quantified the effects of acute hyperosmotic challenge (450 mOsm/kg and 700 mOsm/kg) on the transcriptional regulation of two enzymes involved in biosynthesis of the compatible organic osmolyte, myo-inositol. Both enzymes were found to be robustly upregulated in all three tilapia cell lines. Therefore, the newly established tilapia cells lines represent valuable tools for studying molecular mechanisms involved in the osmotic stress response of euryhaline fish. PMID:24797371

Gardell, Alison M; Qin, Qin; Rice, Robert H; Li, Johnathan; Kültz, Dietmar

2014-01-01

255

Micro-RNA expression in cisplatin resistant germ cell tumor cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background We compared microRNA expression patterns in three cisplatin resistant sublines derived from paternal cisplatin sensitive germ cell tumor cell lines in order to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of cisplatin resistance. Methods Three cisplatin resistant sublines (NTERA-2-R, NCCIT-R, 2102EP-R) showing 2.7-11.3-fold increase in drug resistance after intermittent exposure to increasing doses of cisplatin were compared to their parental counterparts, three well established relatively cisplatin sensitive germ cell tumor cell lines (NTERA-2, NCCIT, 2102EP). Cells were cultured and total RNA was isolated from all 6 cell lines in three independent experiments. RNA was converted into cDNA and quantitative RT-PCR was run using 384 well low density arrays covering almost all (738) known microRNA species of human origin. Results Altogether 72 of 738 (9.8%) microRNAs appeared differentially expressed between sensitive and resistant cell line pairs (NTERA-2R/NTERA-2 = 43, NCCIT-R/NCCIT = 53, 2102EP-R/2102EP = 15) of which 46.7-95.3% were up-regulated (NTERA-2R/NTERA-2 = 95.3%, NCCIT-R/NCCIT = 62.3%, 2102EP-R/2102EP = 46.7%). The number of genes showing differential expression in more than one of the cell line pairs was 34 between NTERA-2R/NTERA-2 (79%) and NCCIT-R/NCCIT (64%), and 3 and 4, respectively, between these two cell lines and 2102EP-R/2102EP (about 27%). Only the has-miR-10b involved in breast cancer invasion and metastasis and has-miR-512-3p appeared to be up-regulated (2-3-fold) in all three cell lines. The hsa-miR-371-373 cluster (counteracting cellular senescence and linked with differentiation potency), as well as hsa-miR-520c/-520h (inhibiting the tumor suppressor p21) were 3.9-16.3 fold up-regulated in two of the three cisplatin resistant cell lines. Several new micro-RNA species missing an annotation towards cisplatin resistance could be identified. These were hsa-miR-512-3p/-515/-517/-518/-525 (up to 8.1-fold up-regulated) and hsa-miR-99a/-100/-145 (up to 10-fold down-regulated). Conclusion Examining almost all known human micro-RNA species confirmed the miR-371-373 cluster as a promising target for explaining cisplatin resistance, potentially by counteracting wild-type P53 induced senescence or linking it with the potency to differentiate. Moreover, we describe for the first time an association of the up-regulation of micro-RNA species such as hsa-miR-512-3p/-515/-517/-518/-525 and down-regulation of hsa-miR-99a/-100/-145 with a cisplatin resistant phenotype in human germ cell tumors. Further functional analyses are warranted to gain insight into their role in drug resistance. PMID:21575166

2011-01-01

256

Inhibition of geranylgeranylation mediates sensitivity to CHOP-induced cell death of DLBCL cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Prenylation is a post-translational hydrophobic modification of proteins, important for their membrane localization and biological function. The use of inhibitors of prenylation has proven to be a useful tool in the activation of apoptotic pathways in tumor cell lines. Rab geranylgeranyl transferase (Rab GGT) is responsible for the prenylation of the Rab family. Overexpression of Rab GGTbeta has been identified in CHOP refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Using a cell line-based model for CHOP resistant DLBCL, we show that treatment with simvastatin, which inhibits protein farnesylation and geranylgeranylation, sensitizes DLBCL cells to cytotoxic treatment. Treatment with the farnesyl transferase inhibitor FTI-277 or the geranylgeranyl transferase I inhibitor GGTI-298 indicates that the reduction in cell viability was restricted to inhibition of geranylgeranylation. In addition, treatment with BMS1, a combined inhibitor of farnesyl transferase and Rab GGT, resulted in a high cytostatic effect in WSU-NHL cells, demonstrated by reduced cell viability and decreased proliferation. Co-treatment of BMS1 or GGTI-298 with CHOP showed synergistic effects with regard to markers of apoptosis. We propose that inhibition of protein geranylgeranylation together with conventional cytostatic therapy is a potential novel strategy for treating patients with CHOP refractory DLBCL.

Ageberg, Malin, E-mail: Malin.Ageberg@med.lu.se [Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Lund University, BMC C14, 221 84 Lund (Sweden)] [Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Lund University, BMC C14, 221 84 Lund (Sweden); Rydstroem, Karin, E-mail: Karin.Rydstom@skane.se [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden); Linden, Ola, E-mail: Ola.Linden@skane.se [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden); Linderoth, Johan, E-mail: Johan.Linderoth@skane.se [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden); Jerkeman, Mats, E-mail: Mats.Jerkeman@skane.se [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Oncology, Skanes University Hospital, Allmaenmott, Onkologiska kliniken i Lund, 221 85 Lund (Sweden); Drott, Kristina, E-mail: Kristina.Drott@med.lu.se [Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Lund University, BMC C14, 221 84 Lund (Sweden)] [Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Lund University, BMC C14, 221 84 Lund (Sweden)

2011-05-01

257

Malignant hematopoietic cell lines: in vitro models for the study of natural killer cell leukemia–lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Malignancies involving natural killer (NK) cells are rare disorders. The complexity of NK cell-involving disorders has only recently been appreciated. Modern classifications discern immature (precursor) from mature NK cell leukemias–lymphomas. Continuous NK leukemia–lymphoma cell lines represent important model systems to study these neoplasms. While there are a number of putative NK cell lines which are, however, either not characterized, not

HG Drexler; Y Matsuo

2000-01-01

258

The conformational alteration of the mutated extracellular domain of Fas in an adult T cell leukemia cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fas (APO-1\\/CD95) is a cell surface receptor involved in apoptosis. Almost all adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells express abundant Fas antigen and show apoptosis induced by IgM anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb). We established the ATL cell line, RSO4, which was obtained from Fas-sensitive ATL cell line SO4 and showed resistance to apoptosis induced by the mAb. By sequencing analysis

Takahiro Maeda; Susumu Nakayama; Yasuaki Yamada; Kazuyuki Sugahara; Hajime Isomoto; Masayuki Tawara; Reishi Yamasaki; Yasuyuki Onimaru; Tetsuro Matsushita; Yoshiyuki Ohzono; Shimeru Kamihira

2002-01-01

259

Juvenile hormone and juvenile hormone mimics inhibit proliferation in a lepidopteran imaginal disc cell line.  

PubMed

The action of juvenile hormone (JH) and JH mimics have been examined in vitro by utilizing the imaginal disc-derived cell line, IAL-PID2. We have discovered that the cell line was responsive to JH and a variety of JH mimics. The most consistent response obtained in our studies was inhibition of cell proliferation, in the absence of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), which characteristically reduces cell proliferation in its own right in this cell line. JH-I, JH-III, methoprene, fenoxycarb, and farnesol significantly inhibited cell proliferation after 3 days of exposure of the cells in vitro to each of the compounds. Linoleic acid controls had no effect on proliferation in the cultures. The cell proliferation assay demonstrates the JH responsiveness of this cell line, but the concentrations of JH required were high compared to the concentrations of 20E needed for inhibition of proliferation in these cells. PMID:12770230

Oberlander, H; Leach, C E.; Shaaya, E

2000-03-01

260

Polymeric microfluidic devices exhibiting sufficient capture of cancer cell line for isolation of circulating tumor cells.  

PubMed

Here, we developed polymeric microfluidic devices for the isolation of circulating tumor cells. The devices, with more than 30,000 microposts in the channel, were produced successfully by a UV light-curing process lasting 3 min. The device surface was coated with anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule antibody by just contacting the antibody solution, and a flow system including the device was established to send a cell suspension through it. We carried out flow tests for evaluation of the device's ability to capture tumor cells using an esophageal cancer cell line, KYSE220, dispersed in phosphate-buffered saline or mononuclear cell separation from whole blood. After the suspension flowed through the chip, many cells were seen to be captured on the microposts coated with the antibody, whereas there were few cells in the device without the antibody. Owing to the transparency of the device, we could observe the intact and the stained cells captured on the microposts by transmitted light microscopy and phase contrast microscopy, in addition to fluorescent microscopy, which required fluorescence labeling. Cell capture efficiencies (i.e., recovery rates of the flowing cancer cells by capture with the microfluidic device) were measured. The resulting values were 0.88 and 0.95 for cell suspension in phosphate-buffered saline, and 0.85 for the suspension in the mononuclear cell separation, suggesting the sufficiency of this device for the isolation of circulating tumor cells. Therefore, our device may be useful for research and treatments that rely on investigation of circulating tumor cells in the blood of cancer patients. PMID:23666489

Ohnaga, Takashi; Shimada, Yutaka; Moriyama, Makoto; Kishi, Hiroyuki; Obata, Tsutomu; Takata, Koji; Okumura, Tomoyuki; Nagata, Takuya; Muraguchi, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuhiro

2013-08-01

261

Molecular Integrative Clustering of Asian Gastric Cell Lines Revealed Two Distinct Chemosensitivity Clusters  

PubMed Central

Cell lines recapitulate cancer heterogeneity without the presence of interfering tissue found in primary tumor. Their heterogeneous characteristics are reflected in their multiple genetic abnormalities and variable responsiveness to drug treatments. In order to understand the heterogeneity observed in Asian gastric cancers, we have performed array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) on 18 Asian gastric cell lines. Hierarchical clustering and single-sample Gene Set Enrichment Analysis were performed on the aCGH data together with public gene expression data of the same cell lines obtained from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia. We found a large amount of genetic aberrations, with some cell lines having 13 fold more aberrations than others. Frequently mutated genes and cellular pathways are identified in these Asian gastric cell lines. The combined analyses of aCGH and expression data demonstrate correlation of gene copy number variations and expression profiles in human gastric cancer cells. The gastric cell lines can be grouped into 2 integrative clusters (ICs). Gastric cells in IC1 are enriched with gene associated with mitochondrial activities and oxidative phosphorylation while cells in IC2 are enriched with genes associated with cell signaling and transcription regulations. The two clusters of cell lines were shown to have distinct responsiveness towards several chemotherapeutics agents such as PI3 K and proteosome inhibitors. Our molecular integrative clustering provides insight into critical genes and pathways that may be responsible for the differences in survival in response to chemotherapy. PMID:25343454

Choong, Meng Ling; Tan, Shan Ho; Tan, Tuan Zea; Manesh, Sravanthy; Ngo, Anna; Yong, Jacklyn W. Y.; Yang, Henry He; Lee, May Ann

2014-01-01

262

Exploring the Transcriptome Space of a Recombinant BHK Cell Line Through Next  

E-print Network

Abstract: Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK) cell lines are used in the production of veterinary vaccines Periodicals, Inc. KEYWORDS: BHK; Baby Hamster Kidney cells; Syrian hamster; transcriptome; RNA-seq; sequence variants Introduction Baby hamster kidney (BHK) cell lines, which originated from primary cultures

Karypis, George

263

Comparison of initial feasibility of host cell lines for viral vaccine production.  

PubMed

In order to reduce the time required for the development and production of viral vaccines, host cell lines should be available as expression systems for production of viral vaccines against groups of viral pathogens. A selection of cell lines was compared for their initial feasibility as expression system for the replication of polioviruses, influenza A viruses and respiratory syncytial virus (wild type strain A2). Six adherent cell lines (Vero, HEK-293, MRC-5, CHO-K1, BHK-21 c13, MDCK) and six single cell suspension cell lines (CAP, AGE1.CR.HS, sCHO-K1, BHK-21 c13 2p, MDCK SFS) were studied for their ability to propagate viruses. First, maximum cell densities were determined. Second, virus receptor expression and polarization of the cell lines regarding receptor distribution of eight different viruses were monitored using flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Organization of the actin cytoskeleton was studied by transfection of the cells with Lifeact™, a construct coding for actin-EGFP. Finally, the ability to produce virus progeny of the viruses studied was assayed for each cell line. The results suggest that single cell suspension cell lines grown on serum free medium are the best candidates to serve as host cell lines for virus replication. PMID:23684847

Vlecken, Danielle H W; Pelgrim, Ralf P M; Ruminski, Slawomir; Bakker, Wilfried A M; van der Pol, Leo A

2013-10-01

264

Induction of apoptosis in leukemia cell lines by Linum persicum and Euphorbia cheiradenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In the present study two medicinal herbs Linum persicum and Euphorbia cheiradenia that are native to Iran were tested for their possible anticancer effect and induction of apoptosis on human tumor cell lines including leukemia cell lines. Methods: The effect of methanolic extracts of the herbs on the inhibition of cell proliferation was assessed by MTT colorimetric assay. K562

Zahra Amirghofran; Masoud Bahmani; Abbas Azadmehr; Katayoun Javidnia

2006-01-01

265

Cultural, morphological, cell membrane, enzymatic, and neoplastic properties of cell lines derived from a Hodgkin's disease lymph node.  

PubMed

A neoplastic cell line (designated HuT11) has been established in continuous culture from an involved lymph node of a patient with Stage IIA Hodgkin's disease of the mixed cellularity type. The HuT11 line has been morphologically heterogeneous, consisting of mononucleate lymphoid-like cells, polygonal epithelioid cells, and mono-, bi-, and multinucleate giant cells. Four clones initiated from isolated binucleate giant cells of the HuT11 line also have been successfully established as continuous cell lines. The cloned lines have been morphologically distinct and more homogeneous, although typical giant cells have consistently appeared throughout the long-term culture of each. The HuT11 lines have grown as monolayers in McCoy's Medium 5A supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum, with generation times of 12 to 14 hr and high saturation densities. Cytogenetic studies showed that early and later passages of HuT11 cells were aneuploid, and all cell lines were successfully heterotransplanted in the hamster cheek pouch. Repeated indirect immunofluorescence examinations have shown each cell line to be negative for Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen. Indirect immunofluorescence tests in which monospecific immunoglobulins were used revealed positive membrane reactions for the gamma (heavy)-chain and kappa (light)-chain of human immunoglobulin G in approximately 20% of viable cells in each line; however, direct immunofluorescence with anti-human immunoglobulin G F(ab')2 reagent failed to confirm these reactions. Rosette tests for B- and T-lymphocyte and macrophage membrane receptors yielded negative results. All cell lines were strongly phagocytic for latex particles and neutral red dye. Cytochemical stains of the monolayers revealed abundant esterase, fluoride-resistant nonspecific esterase, acid phosphatase, and leucine aminopeptidase activities, while lysozyme assays were negative. Although some properties of the HuT11 lines have suggested a macrophage derivation, an undifferentiated lymphoid cell origin of the Hodgkin's neoplastic cell remains a possibility. PMID:209894

Roberts, A N; Smith, K L; Dowell, B L; Hubbard, A K

1978-09-01

266

Generation, Isolation, and Maintenance of Human Mast Cells and Mast Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Antigen-mediated mast cell activation is a pivotal step in the initiation of allergic disorders including anaphylaxis and atopy. To date, studies aimed at investigating the mechanisms regulating these responses, and studies designed to identifying potential ways to prevent them, have primarily been conducted in rodent mast cells. However, to understand how these responses pertain to human disease, and to investigate and develop novel therapies for the treatment of human mast cell-driven disease, human mast cell models may have greater relevance. Recently, a number of systems have been developed which allow investigators to readily obtain sufficient quantities of human mast cells to conduct these studies. These mast cells release the appropriate suite of inflammatory mediators in response to known mast cell activators including antigen. These systems have also been employed to examine the signaling events regulating these responses. Proof of principle studies have also demonstrated utility of these systems for the identification of potential inhibitors of mast cell activation and growth. In this unit, we describe techniques for the development and culture of human mast cells from their progenitors and the culture of human mast cell lines. The relative merits and drawbacks of each model are also described. PMID:20814942

Radinger, Madeleine; Jensen, Bettina M.; Kuehn, Hye Sun; Kirshenbaum, Arnold; Gilfillan, Alasdair M.

2010-01-01

267

Fish cell culture characteristics of a cell line from the silver perch Bairdiella chrysura.  

PubMed

A cell designated SP-1 was established from tissue of the silver perch, Bairdiella chrysura. Cells were fibroblast-like and grew best at 26 degrees C in Leibovitz medium (L-15) containing 15% fetal bovine serum and 0.150 M sodium chloride. Passage 1 to passage 9 SP-1 cells contained a chromosome number of 48; at passages 27 and 50 the modal numbers were 51 and 54, respectively. Confirmation of the origin of SP-1 cells was made by the cytotoxic antibody dye-exclusion test. This cell line supported the growth of lymphocystis virus from the silver perch but was not found to replicate various other fish and mammalian viruses. PMID:407147

Wharton, J H; Ellender, R D; Middlebrooks, B L; Stocks, P K; Lawler, A R; Howse, H D

1977-06-01

268

Role of the embryology laboratory in the human embryonic stem cell line derivation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the introduction of regenerative medicine and cell therapy programmes by means of human embryonic stem cells (hESC),\\u000a several research centres have begun projects of derivation of hESC lines. In some stem cell banks, such as the Andalusian\\u000a Stem Cell Bank, the law also permits the creation of these cell lines. Therefore, the recovery of cryopreserved embryos, their\\u000a culture and

José Luis Cortés; Fernando Cobo; Angela Helen Barnie; Purificación Catalina; Carmen Cabrera; Ana Nieto; Rosa Montes; Ángel Concha

2006-01-01

269

A new insect cell line from the longicorn beetle Plagionotus christophi (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have established a continuous cell line from the fat body tissue of the longicorn beetle Plagionotus christophi. The cells have been serially subcultured in MGM450 medium, and the line has been designated as PC-1. The cells were grown\\u000a in suspension and comprise largely flattened spindle- or oval-shaped cells morphologically related to blood cells of longicorn\\u000a beetles. The chromosome number

Keita Hoshino; Mami Hirose; Kikuo Iwabuchi

2009-01-01

270

Human embryonic stem cell lines are contaminated: what should we do?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human embryonic stem (hES) cells have the potential to differentiate into any desired cells and to be used in cell replacement therapies for some diseases. However, existing hES cell lines would not be suitable for the therapies as they are contaminated with other biological products. In order to produce the safest hES cell lines for therapeutic purposes, all steps for

Wei-Hua Wang; Xiao-Fang Sun

2005-01-01

271

Generation of Functional Clonal Cell Lines from Human Bone Marrow Stroma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five clonal human bone marrow stromal cell lines were isolated from the adherent cell populations in long-term liquid cultures after transfection with the recombinant plasmid pSV3gpt. All the cell-line feeder layers and their conditioned media stimulated the proliferation of committed granulomonocytic stem cells (CFUc) from human bone marrow. The size and number of early erythroid stem cell (BFUe)-derived colonies were

Kenichi Harigaya; Hiroshi Handa

1985-01-01

272

Do Breast Cancer Cell Lines Provide a Relevant Model of the Patient Tumor Methylome?  

PubMed Central

It is well documented that tumor cells undergo dramatic genetic and epigenetic changes during initial establishment as cell lines and in subsequent serial passaging, and that the resultant cell lines may have evolved significantly from the primary tumors from which they were derived. This has potential implications due to their widespread use in drug response experiments and studies of genomic function. One approach to optimizing the design of such cell line studies is to identify and use the cell lines that faithfully recapitulate critical features of primary tumors. To evaluate the epigenetic fidelity of breast cancer cell lines in the context of primary tumors, we performed methylation profiling of 55 well-characterized breast cancer cell lines on the Illumina HumanMethylation27 BeadChip platform, and compared them to publicly available methylation profiles of primary breast tumors. We found that the DNA methylation profiles of breast cancer cell lines largely retain the features that characterize primary tumors, although there are crucial differences as well. We describe these similarities and differences between primary tumors and breast cancer cell lines in detail, and develop a quantitative measure of similarity that is used to score each cell line with respect to how faithfully its methylation profile mirrors that of primary tumors. PMID:25157401

Cope, Leslie M.; Fackler, Mary Jo; Lopez-Bujanda, Zoila; Wolff, Antonio C.; Visvanathan, Kala; Gray, Joe W.; Sukumar, Saraswati; Umbricht, Christopher B.

2014-01-01

273

Derivation of a Germline Competent Transgenic Fischer 344 Embryonic Stem Cell Line  

PubMed Central

Embryonic stem (ES) cell-based gene manipulation is an effective method for the generation of mutant animal models in mice and rats. Availability of germline-competent ES cell lines from inbred rat strains would allow for creation of new genetically modified models in the desired genetic background. Fischer344 (F344) males carrying an enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) transgene were used as the founder animals for the derivation of ES cell lines. After establishment of ES cell lines, rigorous quality control testing that included assessment of pluripotency factor expression, karyotype analysis, and pathogen/sterility testing was conducted in selected ES cell lines. One male ES cell line, F344-Tg.EC4011, was further evaluated for germline competence by injection into Dark Agouti (DA) X Sprague Dawley (SD) blastocysts. Resulting chimeric animals were bred with wild-type SD mates and germline transmissibility of the ES cell line was confirmed by identification of pups carrying the ES cell line-derived EGFP transgene. This is the first report of a germline competent F344 ES cell line. The availability of a new germline competent ES cell line with a stable fluorescence reporter from an inbred transgenic rat strain provides an important new resource for genetic manipulations to create new rat models. PMID:23437152

Men, Hongsheng; Bryda, Elizabeth C.

2013-01-01

274

Establishment and characterization of a unique 1 microm diameter liver-derived progenitor cell line.  

PubMed

Liver-derived progenitor cells (LDPCs) are recently identified novel stem/progenitor cells from healthy, unmanipulated adult rat livers. They are distinct from other known liver stem/progenitor cells such as the oval cells. In this study, we have generated a LDPC cell line RA1 by overexpressing the simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen (TAg) in primary LDPCs. This cell line was propagated continuously for 55 passages in culture, after which it became senescent. Interestingly, following transformation with SV40 TAg, LDPCs decreased in size significantly and the propagating cells measured 1 microm in diameter. RA1 cells proliferated in vitro with a doubling time of 5-7 days, and expressed cell surface markers of LDPCs. In this report, we describe the characterization of this novel progenitor cell line that might serve as a valuable model to study liver cell functions and stem cell origin of liver cancers. PMID:19896459

Aravalli, Rajagopal N; Behnan Sahin, M; Cressman, Erik N K; Steer, Clifford J

2010-01-01

275

Hypoxia and lineage specification of cell line-derived colorectal cancer stem cells  

PubMed Central

Hypoxia is an important regulator of normal and cancer stem cell (CSC) differentiation. Colorectal CSCs from SW1222, LS180, and CCK81 colorectal cancer-derived cell lines are able to differentiate into complex 3D lumen-containing structures in normoxia, whereas in hypoxia, they form undifferentiated dense colonies that have reduced expression of the enterocyte differentiation marker CDX1, lack goblet cell formation, and have increased expression of BMI1 and activated Notch1. Hypoxia increases the clonogenicity of CSCs, which is cumulative as each round of hypoxia enriches for more CSCs. The hypoxic phenotype is reversible, because cells from hypoxic-dense colonies are able to reform differentiated structures when regrown in normoxia. We show that CDX1 is able to stimulate the generation of lumens even in hypoxia and has a negative feedback on BMI1 expression. Knockdown of CDX1 reduces lumen formation but does not affect goblet cell formation, suggesting that enterocytes and goblet cells form from different progenitor cells. Notch inhibition by dibenzazepine (DBZ) allowed CSCs to form goblet cells in both normoxia and hypoxia. Finally, we show that Hif1?, but not CA9, is an important mediator of the effects of hypoxia on the clonogenicity and differentiation of CSCs. In summary, hypoxia maintains the stem-like phenotype of colorectal cell line-derived CSCs and prevents differentiation of enterocytes and goblet cells by regulating CDX1 and Notch1, suggesting that this regulation is an important component of how hypoxia controls the switch between stemness and differentiation in CSCs. PMID:21368208

Yeung, Trevor M.; Gandhi, Shaan C.; Bodmer, Walter F.

2011-01-01

276

Establishment and characterization of fetal fibroblast cell lines for generating human lysozyme transgenic goats by somatic cell nuclear transfer.  

PubMed

This study was performed to qualify goat fetal fibroblast (GFF) cell lines for genetic modification and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to produce human lysozyme (hLYZ) transgenic goats. Nine GFF cell lines were established from different fetuses, and the proliferative lifespan and chromosomal stability were analyzed. The results suggested that cell lines with a longer lifespan had stable chromosomes compared with those of cells lines with a shorter lifespan. According to the proliferative lifespan, we divided GFF cell lines into two groups: cell lines with a long lifespan (GFF1/2/7/8/9; group L) and cell lines with a short lifespan (GFF3/4/5/6; group S). Next, a hLYZ expression vector was introduced into these cell lines by electroporation. The efficiencies of colony formation, expansion in culture, and the quality of transgenic clonal cell lines were significant higher in group L than those in group S. The mean fusion rate and blastocyst rate in group L were higher than those in group S (80.3 ± 1.7 vs. 65.1 ± 4.2 % and 19.5 ± 0.6 vs. 15.1 ± 1.1 %, respectively, P < 0.05). After transferring cloned embryos into the oviducts of recipient goats, three live kids were born. PCR and Southern blot analyses confirmed integration of the transgene in cloned goats. In conclusion, the lifespan of GFF cell lines has a major effect on the efficiency to produce transgenic cloned goats. Therefore, the proliferative lifespan of primary cells may be used as a criterion to characterize the quality of cell lines for genetic modification and SCNT. PMID:23335060

Liu, Jun; Luo, Yan; Zheng, Liming; Liu, Qingqing; Yang, Zhongcai; Wang, Yongsheng; Su, Jianmin; Quan, Fusheng; Zhang, Yong

2013-10-01

277

Intrinsic Resistance to Methotrexate in Human Soft Tissue Sarcoma Cell Lines1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A human fibrosarcoma cell line, HT-1080, and four new cell lines (HS-16, HS-28, HS-30, and HS-42) were established from untreated patients with mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, peripheral nerve sheath sarcoma, malignant hemangiopericytoma, and mixed mesoderma! tu mor, respectively, and were used for analysis of mechanisms of intrinsic resistance to methotrexate. All four new cell lines were resistant to methotrexate as determined by

Wei-Wei Li; James T. Lin; Barry I. Schweitzer; William P. Tong; Donna Niedzwiecki; Joseph R. Bertino

278

The establishment of two cell lines from the insect spodoptera frugiperda (lepidoptera; noctuidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The history and characteristics of two cell lines developed from primary explants of pupal tissue from the insect,Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), are described. One cell line, IPLB-SF-21, was developed with hemolymph-supplemented medium and has been maintained\\u000a continuously on the medium. The second cell line, IPLB-SF-1254, was developed with a medium containing a combination of vertebrate\\u000a sera plus hemolymph and

J. L. Vaughn; R. H. Goodwin; G. J. Tompkins; P. McCawley

1977-01-01

279

Development, characterization, conservation and storage of fish cell lines: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell lines provide an important biological tool for carrying out investigations into physiology, virology, toxicology, carcinogenesis\\u000a and transgenics. Teleost fish cell lines have been developed from a broad range of tissues such as ovary, fin, swim bladder,\\u000a heart, spleen, liver, eye muscle, vertebrae, brain, skin. One hundred and twenty-four new fish cell lines from different fish\\u000a species ranging from grouper

W. S. LakraT; T. Raja Swaminathan; K. P. Joy

2011-01-01

280

High MDM2 mRNA expression in hepatoblastoma cell-lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both p53 and MDM2 genes are parts of a physiological pathway frequently impaired in human cancer. This is the report on the analysis of p53 and MDM2 genes in a group of four hepatocellular carcinoma cell-lines and one hepatoblastoma cell-line. Four cell-lines were screened for the presence of p53 mutations using the polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) method.

Shuji Terai; Yuko Matsuzaki; Masaaki Masuhara; Satoshi Kondou; Mitsuru Yasunaga; Kiwamu Okita

1995-01-01

281

Establishment and characterisation of six human biliary tract cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human cell lines established from biliary tract cancers are rare, and only five have been reported previously. We report the characterisation of six new six biliary tract cancer cell lines (designated SNU-245, SNU-308, SNU-478, SNU-869, SNU-1079 and SNU-1196) established from primary tumour samples of Korean patients. The cell lines were isolated from two extrahepatic bile duct cancers (one adenocarcinoma of

J-L Ku; K-A Yoon; I-J Kim; W-H Kim; J-Y Jang; K-S Suh; S-W Kim; Y-H Park; J-H Hwang; Y-B Yoon; J-G Park

2002-01-01

282

Capacity for epithelial differentiation in synovial sarcoma: analysis of a new human cell line  

PubMed Central

Aim—To analyse the capacity for epithelial differentiation in synovial sarcoma using a new human cell line. Methods—A new human cell line, KU-SS-1, was established from a monophasic, spindle cell type of synovial sarcoma by grafting those cells on to severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice and then transferring them to in vitro culture systems. The KU-SS-1 cells were characterised by light and electron microscopy, and by immunohistochemical, flow cytometric, and cytogenetic analysis. Results—Primary tumour and cultured cells at passage 20 showed a positive reaction for vimentin, which is a mesenchymal marker. After 40 passages, subcultured cells were injected into SCID mice to induce further tumours. These advanced subcultured cells and the tumour cells that they induced were positive for cytokeratin, an epithelial marker, and exhibited epithelial ultrastructural features such as intermediate junctions. Furthermore, two colour immunofluorescent analysis for proliferating nuclear cell antigen (PCNA) and intermediate filaments showed that a large number of PCNA expressing cells were positive for vimentin, and that part of this fraction also expressed cytokeratin. The existence of cells with reactivity for these three markers indicated that, in this cell line, a fraction with high proliferating capacity had both mesenchymal and epithelial markers. In addition, cytogenetically, this cell line expressed the SYT–SSX chimaeric transcript as a result of the t(X;18)(p11;q11) translocation. Conclusions—A human synovial sarcoma cell line was established and stably maintained in cell culture for more than 70 passages. In addition, this cell line showed epithelial differentiation, which supports the hypothesis that synovial sarcoma is a carcinosarcoma like tumour with true epithelial differentiation. This cell line will be a useful tool for investigating the nature of this tumour and will contribute to clinical studies. Key Words: synovial sarcoma • cell line • carcinosarcoma • differentiation PMID:10961176

Yakushiji, T; Yonemura, K; Tsuruta, J; Nishida, K; Kato, T; Takagi, K

2000-01-01

283

A negative genetic interaction map in isogenic cancer cell lines reveals cancer cell vulnerabilities  

PubMed Central

Improved efforts are necessary to define the functional product of cancer mutations currently being revealed through large-scale sequencing efforts. Using genome-scale pooled shRNA screening technology, we mapped negative genetic interactions across a set of isogenic cancer cell lines and confirmed hundreds of these interactions in orthogonal co-culture competition assays to generate a high-confidence genetic interaction network of differentially essential or differential essentiality (DiE) genes. The network uncovered examples of conserved genetic interactions, densely connected functional modules derived from comparative genomics with model systems data, functions for uncharacterized genes in the human genome and targetable vulnerabilities. Finally, we demonstrate a general applicability of DiE gene signatures in determining genetic dependencies of other non-isogenic cancer cell lines. For example, the PTEN?/? DiE genes reveal a signature that can preferentially classify PTEN-dependent genotypes across a series of non-isogenic cell lines derived from the breast, pancreas and ovarian cancers. Our reference network suggests that many cancer vulnerabilities remain to be discovered through systematic derivation of a network of differentially essential genes in an isogenic cancer cell model. PMID:24104479

Vizeacoumar, Franco J; Arnold, Roland; Vizeacoumar, Frederick S; Chandrashekhar, Megha; Buzina, Alla; Young, Jordan T F; Kwan, Julian H M; Sayad, Azin; Mero, Patricia; Lawo, Steffen; Tanaka, Hiromasa; Brown, Kevin R; Baryshnikova, Anastasia; Mak, Anthony B; Fedyshyn, Yaroslav; Wang, Yadong; Brito, Glauber C; Kasimer, Dahlia; Makhnevych, Taras; Ketela, Troy; Datti, Alessandro; Babu, Mohan; Emili, Andrew; Pelletier, Laurence; Wrana, Jeff; Wainberg, Zev; Kim, Philip M; Rottapel, Robert; O'Brien, Catherine A; Andrews, Brenda; Boone, Charles; Moffat, Jason

2013-01-01

284

Phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of human cloned natural killer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive efforts have recently been made to characterize cells capable of mediating natural killing activity (see ref. 1 for review) and increasing evidence has arisen that these cells were heterogeneous2,3. By using the methods we have recently developed for cloning natural killer (NK) cells derived from peripheral blood4, we have analysed the heterogeneity of human NK cells. Seven cell lines

Thierry Hercend; Ellis L. Reinherz; Stefan Meuer; Stuart F. Schlossman; Jerome Ritz

1983-01-01

285

Differentiation-inducing ability of sophorolipids of oleic and linoleic acids using a glioma cell line.  

PubMed

Sophorolipids are biosurfactants produced by non-pathogenic yeasts. They show structural similarity with the membrane components of mammalian cells, i.e., glycosphingolipids and gangliosides, which are involved in processes such as signaling, oncogenesis, and differentiation. Sophorolipids have been reported to induce differentiation in several leukemic cell lines, cell death via apoptosis in a human liver cancer cell line, and necrosis in a pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line. Here we report, for the first time, the effects of precursor fatty acids and sophorolipids of oleic and linoleic acids in pure acidic and crude forms on LN-229, a glioma cell line. In response to different sophorolipid forms, various morphological changes were observed, such as formation of long thread-like extensions arising from the ends of the cells, cell alignment, cell elongation and bundle formation in a dose-dependent manner. In this study we present the morphological evidence of the potential of sophorolipids as differentiation inducers. PMID:21381203

Joshi-Navare, Kasturi; Shiras, Anjali; Prabhune, Asmita

2011-05-01

286

Characterization of MYC translocations in multiple myeloma cell lines.  

PubMed

Translocations involving an MYC gene (c > N >L) are very late tumor progression events and provide a paradigm for secondary translocations in multiple myeloma. Using a combination of fluorescent in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization arrays (aCGH), we have identified rearrangements of an MYC gene in 40 of 43 independent myeloma cell lines. A majority of MYC translocations involve an Ig locus (IgH > Iglambda > Igkappa), but the breakpoints only infrequently occur near or within switch regions or V(D)J sequences. Surprisingly, about 40% of MYC translocations do not involve an Ig locus. The MYC translocations mostly are nonreciprocal translocations or insertions, often with the involvement of three chromosomes and sometimes with associated duplication, amplification, inversion, and other associated chromosomal abnormalities. High-density aCGH analyses should facilitate the cloning of MYC breakpoints, enabling the determination of their structures and perhaps elucidating how rearrangements not involving an Ig gene cause dysregulation of an MYC gene. PMID:18647998

Dib, Amel; Gabrea, Ana; Glebov, Oleg K; Bergsagel, P Leif; Kuehl, W Michael

2008-01-01

287

Genomic and phenotypic profiles of two Brazilian breast cancer cell lines derived from primary human tumors  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide. Research using breast cancer cell lines derived from primary tumors may provide valuable additional knowledge regarding this type of cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the phenotypic profiles of MACL-1 and MGSO-3, the only Brazilian breast cancer cell lines available for comparative studies. We evaluated the presence of hormone receptors, proliferation, differentiation and stem cell markers, using immunohistochemical staining of the primary tumor, cultured cells and xenografts implanted in immunodeficient mice. We also investigated the ability of the cell lines to form colonies and copy number alterations by array comparative genomic hybridization. Histopathological analysis showed that the invasive primary tumor from which the MACL-1 cell line was derived, was a luminal A subtype carcinoma, while the ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) that gave rise to the MGSO-3 cell line was a HER2 subtype tumor, both showing different proliferation levels. The cell lines and the tumor xenografts in mice preserved their high proliferative potential, but did not maintain the expression of the other markers assessed. This shift in expression may be due to the selection of an ‘establishment’ phenotype in vitro. Whole-genome DNA evaluation showed a large amount of copy number alterations (CNAs) in the two cell lines. These findings render MACL-1 and MGSO-3 the first characterized Brazilian breast cancer cell lines to be potentially used for comparative research. PMID:23404580

CORREA, NATASSIA C.R.; KUASNE, HELLEN; FARIA, JERUSA A.Q.A.; SEIXAS, CICA C.S.; SANTOS, IRIA G.D.; ABREU, FRANCINE B.; NONOGAKI, SUELY; ROCHA, RAFAEL M.; SILVA, GERLUZA APARECIDA BORGES; GOBBI, HELENICE; ROGATTO, SILVIA R.; GOES, ALFREDO M.; GOMES, DAWIDSON A.

2013-01-01

288

Production Process for Stem Cell Based Therapeutic Implants: Expansion of the Production Cell Line and Cultivation of Encapsulated Cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cell based therapy promises the treatment of many diseases like diabetes mellitus, Parkinson disease or stroke. Microencapsulation of the cells protects them against host-vs-graft reactions and thus enables the usage of allogenic cell lines for the manufacturing of cell therapeutic implants. The production process of such implants consists mainly of the three steps expansion of the cells, encapsulation of the cells, and cultivation of the encapsulated cells in order to increase their vitality and thus quality. This chapter deals with the development of fixed-bed bioreactor-based cultivation procedures used in the first and third step of production. The bioreactor system for the expansion of the stem cell line (hMSC-TERT) is based on non-porous glass spheres, which support cell growth and harvesting with high yield and vitality. The cultivation process for the spherical cell based implants leads to an increase of vitality and additionally enables the application of a medium-based differentiation protocol.

Weber, C.; Pohl, S.; Poertner, R.; Pino-Grace, Pablo; Freimark, D.; Wallrapp, C.; Geigle, P.; Czermak, P.

289

Amphiregulin mediates self-renewal in an immortal mammary epithelial cell line with stem cell characteristics  

SciTech Connect

Amphiregulin (AREG), a ligand for epidermal growth factor receptor, is required for mammary gland ductal morphogenesis and mediates estrogen actions in vivo, emerging as an essential growth factor during mammary gland growth and differentiation. The COMMA-D {beta}-geo (CD{beta}geo) mouse mammary cell line displays characteristics of normal mammary progenitor cells including the ability to regenerate a mammary gland when transplanted into the cleared fat pad of a juvenile mouse, nuclear label retention, and the capacity to form anchorage-independent mammospheres. We demonstrate that AREG is essential for formation of floating mammospheres by CD{beta}geo cells and that the mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathway is involved in AREG-mediated mammosphere formation. Addition of exogenous AREG promotes mammosphere formation in cells where AREG expression is knocked down by siRNA and mammosphere formation by AREG{sup -/-} mammary epithelial cells. AREG knockdown inhibits mammosphere formation by duct-limited mammary progenitor cells but not lobule-limited mammary progenitor cells. These data demonstrate AREG mediates the function of a subset of mammary progenitor cells in vitro.

Booth, Brian W., E-mail: brbooth@clemson.edu [Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Boulanger, Corinne A.; Anderson, Lisa H. [Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Jimenez-Rojo, Lucia; Brisken, Cathrin [Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne (EPFL), ISREC-Swiss Institute for Experimental Research, NCCR Molecular Oncology, SV.832 Station 19 CH-1015, Lausanne (Switzerland)] [Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne (EPFL), ISREC-Swiss Institute for Experimental Research, NCCR Molecular Oncology, SV.832 Station 19 CH-1015, Lausanne (Switzerland); Smith, Gilbert H., E-mail: gs4d@nih.gov [Mammary Biology and Tumorigenesis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2010-02-01

290

Decitabine inhibits the cell growth of cholangiocarcinoma in cultured cell lines and mouse xenografts  

PubMed Central

Decitabine (DAC), an inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase, demonstrates antitumor activities in various types of cancer. However, its therapeutic potential for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), one of the most aggressive gastrointestinal malignancies, remains to be explored. The present study investigated the antiproliferative effects of DAC on CCA cells in vitro and in vivo. Human CCA cell lines, TFK-1 and QBC939, were used as models to investigate DAC on the cell growth and proliferation of CCA. Cell proliferation was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay combined with clonogenic survival assay. Flow cytometry, Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide staining and green fluorescent protein-tagged MAP-LC3 detection were applied to determine cell cycle progression, apoptosis and autophagy. Nude mice with TFK-1 xenografts were evaluated for tumor growth following DAC treatment. DAC was observed to significantly suppress the proliferation of cultured TFK-1 and QBC939 cells, accompanied with enhanced apoptosis, autophagy and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. In TFK-1 mouse xenografts, DAC retarded the tumor growth and increased the survival of CCA tumor-bearing mice. PMID:25295073

WANG, BING; LI, HONGBO; YANG, RUI; ZHOU, SHUNCHANG; ZOU, SHENGQUAN

2014-01-01

291

Effects of KAI1\\/CD82 on biological behavior of human colorectal carcinoma cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract AIM: To investigate the effects of KAI1\\/CD82 on biological behavior of colorectal carcinoma cells. METHODS: KAI1 cDNA was transfected into highly malignant colorectal carcinoma cell line, LoVo, which had low level of endogenous KAI1 expression, and established stable transfectant clones with high KAI1\\/CD82 expression. The cell-cell adhesion, cell aggregation, cell-matrix adhesion and cell invasion assay were performed to determine

Li Liu; De-Hua Wu; Zu-Guo Li; Guang-Zhi Yang; Yan-Qing Ding

2003-01-01

292

The Tribolium castaneum cell line TcA: a new tool kit for cell biology.  

PubMed

The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, is an agriculturally important insect pest that has been widely used as a model organism. Recently, an adherent cell line (BCIRL-TcA-CLG1 or TcA) was developed from late pupae of the red flour beetle. Next generation transcriptome sequencing of TcA cells demonstrated expression of a wide variety of genes associated with specialized functions in chitin metabolism, immune responses and cellular and systemic RNAi pathways. Accordingly, we evaluated the sensitivity of TcA cells to dsRNA to initiate an RNAi response. TcA cells were highly sensitive to minute amounts of dsRNA, with a minimum effective dose of 100?pg/mL resulting in significant suppression of gene expression. We have also developed a plasmid containing two TcA-specific promoters, the promoter from the 40S ribosomal protein subunit (TC006550) and a bi-directional heat shock promoter (TcHS70) from the intergenic space between heat shock proteins 68a and b. These promoters have been employed to provide high levels of either constitutive (TC006550) or inducible (TcHS70) gene expression of the reporter proteins. Our results show that the TcA cell line, with its sensitivity to RNAi and functional TcA-specific promoters, is an invaluable resource for studying basic molecular and physiological questions. PMID:25354547

Silver, Kristopher; Jiang, Hongbo; Fu, Jinping; Phillips, Thomas W; Beeman, Richard W; Park, Yoonseong

2014-01-01

293

The Tribolium castaneum cell line TcA: a new tool kit for cell biology  

PubMed Central

The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, is an agriculturally important insect pest that has been widely used as a model organism. Recently, an adherent cell line (BCIRL-TcA-CLG1 or TcA) was developed from late pupae of the red flour beetle. Next generation transcriptome sequencing of TcA cells demonstrated expression of a wide variety of genes associated with specialized functions in chitin metabolism, immune responses and cellular and systemic RNAi pathways. Accordingly, we evaluated the sensitivity of TcA cells to dsRNA to initiate an RNAi response. TcA cells were highly sensitive to minute amounts of dsRNA, with a minimum effective dose of 100?pg/mL resulting in significant suppression of gene expression. We have also developed a plasmid containing two TcA-specific promoters, the promoter from the 40S ribosomal protein subunit (TC006550) and a bi-directional heat shock promoter (TcHS70) from the intergenic space between heat shock proteins 68a and b. These promoters have been employed to provide high levels of either constitutive (TC006550) or inducible (TcHS70) gene expression of the reporter proteins. Our results show that the TcA cell line, with its sensitivity to RNAi and functional TcA-specific promoters, is an invaluable resource for studying basic molecular and physiological questions. PMID:25354547

Silver, Kristopher; Jiang, Hongbo; Fu, Jinping; Phillips, Thomas W.; Beeman, Richard W.; Park, Yoonseong

2014-01-01

294

Okadaic Acid Toxin at Sublethal Dose Produced Cell Proliferation in Gastric and Colon Epithelial Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of Okadaic Acid (OA) on the proliferation of gastric and colon epithelial cells, the main target tissues of the toxin. We hypothesized that OA, at sublethal doses, activates multiple signaling pathways, such as Erk and Akt, through the inhibition of PP2A. To demonstrate this, we carried out curves of doses and time response against OA in AGS, MKN-45 and Caco 2 cell lines, and found an increase in the cell proliferation at sublethal doses, at 24 h or 48 h exposure. Indeed, cells can withstand high concentrations of the toxin at 4 h exposure, the time chosen considering the maximum time before total gastric emptying. We have proved that this increased proliferation is due to an overexpression of Cyclin B, a cyclin that promotes the passage from G2 to mitosis. In addition, we have demonstrated that OA induces activation of Akt and Erk in the three cells lines, showing that OA can activate pathways involved in oncogenesis. In conclusion, this study contributes to the knowledge about the possible effects of chronic OA consumption. PMID:24317467

del Campo, Miguel; Toledo, Hector; Lagos, Nestor

2013-01-01

295

Growth Inhibition After Exposure to Transforming Growth Factor-?1 in Human Bladder Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Purpose Transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1) plays a dual role in apoptosis and in proapoptotic responses in the support of survival in a variety of cells. The aim of this study was to determine the function of TGF-?1 in bladder cancer cells. Materials and Methods The role of TGF-?1 in bladder cancer cells was examined by observing cell viability by using the tetrazolium dye (MTT) assay after treating the bladder cancer cell lines 253J, 5637, T24, J82, HT1197, and HT1376 with TGF-?1. Among these cell lines, the 253J and T24 cell lines were coincubated with TGF-?1 and the pan anti-TGF-? antibody. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis was performed to determine the mechanism involved after TGF-?1 treatment in 253J cells. Results All six cell lines showed inhibited cellular growth after TGF-?1 treatment. Although the T24 and J82 cell lines also showed inhibited cellular growth, the growth inhibition was less than that observed in the other 4 cell lines. The addition of pan anti-TGF-? antibodies to the culture media restored the growth properties that had been inhibited by TGF-?1. FACS analysis was performed in the 253J cells and the 253J cells with TGF-?1. There were no significant differences in the cell cycle between the two treatments. However, there were more apoptotic cells in the TGF-?1-treated 253J cells. Conclusions TGF-?1 did not stimulate cellular proliferation but was a growth inhibitory factor in bladder cancer cells. However, the pattern of its effects depended on the cell line. TGF-?1 achieved growth inhibition by enhancing the level of apoptosis. PMID:25045449

Lee, Changho; Lee, Sang-Han; Kim, Doo Sang; Jeon, Yun Soo; Lee, Nam Kyu

2014-01-01

296

Kinase requirements in human cells: IV. Differential kinase requirements in cervical and renal human tumor cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional differences among human cells have been difficult to identify by standard biochemical methods. Loss-of-function shRNA screens provide an unbiased method to compare protein requirements across cell lines. In previous work, we have studied kinase requirements in two settings, either among a panel of cells from numerous tissues or between two cell lines that differ only by the expression of

Dorre A. Grueneberg; Wenliang Li; Joan E. Davies; Jacqueline Sawyer; Joseph Pearlberg; Ed Harlow

2008-01-01

297

Gap junction intercellular communication: a microinjection investigation of fibroblast and epithelial cell lines  

E-print Network

parameters as well as optimal cell conditions for effective, repeatable studies using the microinjection protocol. The second objective was to determine whether or not the AG1522 cell line exhibited gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) through...

Pahlka, Raymond Benton

2012-06-07

298

Development and characterization of a cell line WAF from freshwater shark Wallago attu.  

PubMed

A new epithelial cell line, WAF was developed from caudal fin of freshwater shark, Wallago attu. The cell line was optimally maintained at 28 °C in Leibovitz-15 (L-15) medium supplemented with 20 % fetal bovine serum. The cell line was characterized by various cytogenetic and molecular markers. The cytogenetic analysis revealed a diploid count of 86 chromosomes at different passages. The origin of the cell lines was confirmed by the amplification of 547 and 654 bp sequences of 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit I genes of mitochondrial DNA, respectively. WAF cells were characterized for their growth characteristics at different temperature and serum concentration. Epithelial morphology of the cell line was confirmed using immunocytochemistry. Further cell plating efficiency, transfection efficiency and viability of cryopreserved WAF cells was also determined. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity assessment of cadmium salts on WAF cells by MTT, NR and comet assay illustrated the utility of this cell line as an in vitro model for aquatic toxicological studies. The cell line will be further useful for studying oxidative stress markers against aquatic pollutants. PMID:24381102

Dubey, Akhilesh; Goswami, Mukunda; Yadav, Kamalendra; Sharma, Bhagwati S

2014-02-01

299

Cytotoxic activity of some lichen extracts on murine and human cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Eight lichens were extracted successively with n-hexane, diethyl ether and methanol using a Soxhlet process. The cytotoxic activity of the 24 lichen extracts was evaluated in vitro using two murine (the L1210: lymphocytic leukaemia, and the 3LL: Lewis lung carcinoma) and four human (the K-562: chronic myelogenous leukaemia, the U251: glioblastoma, the DU145: prostate carcinoma, and the MCF7: breast adenocarcinoma) cancer cell lines and non-cancerous cells, the Vero cell line (African green monkey kidney cell line). The MTT assay revealed significant cytotoxicity (IC50 < or = 20 microg/ml) on one of the tested cancer cell lines for at least one extract of each lichen species. Some extracts of Cladonia convoluta, Cladonia rangiformis, Parmelia caperata, Platismatia glauca and Ramalina cuspidata demonstrated interesting activities particularly on human cancer cell lines as good selectivity indices were recorded (SI > 3). PMID:13678234

Bézivin, C; Tomasi, S; Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, F; Boustie, J

2003-01-01

300

Identification and verification of rodent cell lines by polymerase chain reaction  

PubMed Central

Cell lines represent valuable tools for basic research and diagnostic applications as well as for the production of biological products such as antibodies or vaccines. For all cell culturists, a well-identified origin of their cell lines as well as the periodic re-examination of their identity should be a basic requirement. We established a simple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to verify or identify rodent and human cell lines. Since mouse-, rat-, Chinese hamster- and Syrian hamster-derived cell lines represent the most frequently used rodent cell lines, our investigations were focused on these species. Our assay used oligonucleotide primers annealing to sequences within the ?-actin and the ?-globin gene and to repetitive DNA. Primers were designed mostly from intron sequences of the genes aiming to amplify only one specific DNA segment and thus enabling to exclude easily false DNA. More than 130 cells lines originating from the five species were analyzed in that study. Our PCR revealed specific profiles for all species investigated. No further methods like DNA sequencing or fragment length polymorphism analysis were needed to differentiate these species. The results introduce our PCR-assay as a rapid, specific and routinely feasible tool in order to identify or distinguish rodent cell lines from each other and from human cell lines. PMID:19002841

Koelz, Anne-Leena; Drexler, Hans G.

2007-01-01

301

Establishment of Pulmonary Alveolar Type II Cell Line from p53Deficient Mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   We obtained a pulmonary alveolar type II epithelial cell line, MAC7, derived from the lung of p53-deficient mice (p53 ?\\/?).\\u000a When this cell line was passaged for long periods of time, the epithelial cells grew at a high rate for over 50th passage\\u000a and never entered the non-growing senescent phase characteristic of the normal cells (p53 +\\/+). Each pulmonary

S. Hasegawa; K. Yamada; H. Inoue; N. Azuma; M. Suzuki; T. Matsuoka

2001-01-01

302

Regulation of natriuretic peptide (urodilatin) release in a human kidney cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulation of natriuretic peptide (urodilatin) release in a human kidney cell line.BackgroundTo identify the molecular mechanisms underlying the release of a renal natriuretic peptide (NP) we selected a human kidney cell line (HEK 293) that displays several characteristics of distal tubular cells.MethodsCells were exposed to different extracellular and intracellular stimuli, and the effect on NP release was measured with a

WOLFGANG LENZ; MONIKA HERTEN; RUPERT GERZER; CHRISTIAN DRUMMER

1999-01-01

303

Lines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National Geography Standards for the middle school years generally stress the teaching of latitude and longitude. There are many creative ways to explain the great grid that encircles our planet, but the author has found that students in his college-level geography courses especially enjoy human-interest stories associated with lines of latitude…

Mires, Peter B.

2006-01-01

304

Expression of HGF/SF in mesothelioma cell lines and its effects on cell motility, proliferation and morphology.  

PubMed Central

The expression of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) was studied in 12 mesothelioma cell lines characterized by either an epithelioid or a fibroblast-like phenotype. Conditioned media from these lines were analysed by bioassay and ELISA, and HGF/SF was detected in three cell lines, all with a fibroblast-like or mixed morphology. None of eight epithelioid cell lines expressed the factor. Thus, for these cell lines, the ability to secrete HGF/SF correlated with the cell phenotype. Following on from these observations, two cell lines, BR and BT, with a fibroblast-like and an epithelioid phenotype, respectively, were further investigated. Both cell lines expressed the Met receptor but only BR secreted HGF/SF. Both cell lines responded to exogenous HGF/SF treatment by a change of morphology but in different ways: BR became more elongated and bipolar, while BT formed more spread-out cell colonies. HGF/SF acted as a paracrine effector on the epithelioid BT cells and stimulated both cell-spreading and proliferation. Interestingly, BT cells spread but did not scatter in response to exogenous HGF/SF. In contrast BR cells showed only some stimulation of cell motility with HGF/SF and no increase in cell proliferation was observed. Because HGF/SF was previously found in the pleural effusion fluids of patients with malignant mesothelioma and in paraffin-embedded tumour tissues, it is concluded that HGF/SF may well stimulate the growth and spread of malignant mesothelioma in vivo by paracrine and/or autocrine mechanisms. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:9569039

Harvey, P.; Warn, A.; Dobbin, S.; Arakaki, N.; Daikuhara, Y.; Jaurand, M. C.; Warn, R. M.

1998-01-01

305

Isolation and differentiation of cloned epithelial cell lines from normal rat mammary glands.  

PubMed

Single-cell-cloned cell lines have been established from primary cultures of neonatal rat mammary glands. A representative cuboidal cell line, Rama 704, shows the presence of intermediate filamental proteins keratin and vimentin, and occasional cells express milk fat globule membrane antigens on their apical surfaces. Rama 704 cells grow as a cuboidal pavement in culture and produce hemispherical blisters or domes when confluent. Noteworthy ultrastructural features are the presence of junctional complexes, desmosomes, and apical microvilli typical of epithelia. Cells seeded within floating collagen gels will form a variety of multicellular outgrowths, some of which are ductlike in morphology and are composed of polarized cells surrounding a central lumen. The cuboidal cells produce elongated cells under conditions of high cell density and also when cells float off collagen gels and reattach to the plastic substrate. The former elongated cells have been cloned and three cell lines established: Rama 710, 711, and 712; the latter uncloned elongated cells are termed Rama 704E. The cloned elongated cells show an increase in the amounts of basement membrane proteins deposited, a lack of junctional complexes and microvilli, and an increase in the amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum compared with their parental cells. Rama 704E cells show an enhanced deposition of basement membrane proteins and increased amounts of actin in the cytoplasm over the elongated cell lines and contain microfilaments and pinocytotic vesicles similar to those seen in myoepithelial cells. All the elongated cells and lines fail to form ductlike structures within collagen gels. None of the cell lines form tumors in syngeneic rats although they all produce some tumors in nude mice, which are composed of cords of epithelioid cells and spindle cells in varying proportions. In addition, some of the Rama 704 tumors contain rhabdomyoblastic elements that penetrate the host fat pad. This is the first report of the isolation and characterization of a stable cuboidal cell line from a neonatal rat mammary gland. The Rama 704 cell line shows morphological and biochemical features of mammary epithelial cells and converts at high cell density to elongated cells that have also been cloned. PMID:3891719

Ormerod, E J; Rudland, P S

1985-03-01

306

Human bladder carcinoma cell lines as indicators of oncogenic change relevant to urothelial neoplastic progression.  

PubMed

Analysis of human tumour-derived cell lines has previously resulted in the identification of novel transformation-related elements and provided a useful tool for functional studies of different genes. To establish the utility of such cell lines as indicators of change relevant to urothelial cancer, we have characterised the expression of five genes (p53, MDM2, Rb, E-cadherin, APC) within a panel of human bladder carcinoma cell lines. Using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing, p53 mutations were identified in 7/15 (47%) cell lines reflecting events reported in bladder tumours. Immunohistochemical analysis of p53 in cultured cells and in paraffin-embedded sections of xenografts from the cell line panel revealed discordant results. An absence of p53 nuclear staining was associated with an exon 5 mutation in EJ and with multiple p53 mutations found in J82. Two cell lines positive for p53 staining in the absence of detectable mutation displayed overexpression of MDM2 (PSI, HT1197) in Western blot analysis. Loss or aberrant Rb expression was recorded in 5/15 (TCCSUP, SCaBER, 5637, HT1376, J82) cell lines. Absence of E-cadherin was recorded in 5/15 cell lines (TCCSUP, EJ, KK47, UM-UC-3, J82) with loss of alpha-catenin in immunoprecipitated E-cadherin complexes of CUBIII. Western blot analysis of APC revealed a truncated protein in 1/15 (CUBIII) cell lines. The characterisation of oncogenic events within this panel of human bladder carcinoma cell lines establishes a representation of change observed in bladder tumours and better defines the genotypic background in these experimental human cell models of neoplastic progression. PMID:7669581

Rieger, K M; Little, A F; Swart, J M; Kastrinakis, W V; Fitzgerald, J M; Hess, D T; Libertino, J A; Summerhayes, I C

1995-09-01

307

Human bladder carcinoma cell lines as indicators of oncogenic change relevant to urothelial neoplastic progression.  

PubMed Central

Analysis of human tumour-derived cell lines has previously resulted in the identification of novel transformation-related elements and provided a useful tool for functional studies of different genes. To establish the utility of such cell lines as indicators of change relevant to urothelial cancer, we have characterised the expression of five genes (p53, MDM2, Rb, E-cadherin, APC) within a panel of human bladder carcinoma cell lines. Using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing, p53 mutations were identified in 7/15 (47%) cell lines reflecting events reported in bladder tumours. Immunohistochemical analysis of p53 in cultured cells and in paraffin-embedded sections of xenografts from the cell line panel revealed discordant results. An absence of p53 nuclear staining was associated with an exon 5 mutation in EJ and with multiple p53 mutations found in J82. Two cell lines positive for p53 staining in the absence of detectable mutation displayed overexpression of MDM2 (PSI, HT1197) in Western blot analysis. Loss or aberrant Rb expression was recorded in 5/15 (TCCSUP, SCaBER, 5637, HT1376, J82) cell lines. Absence of E-cadherin was recorded in 5/15 cell lines (TCCSUP, EJ, KK47, UM-UC-3, J82) with loss of alpha-catenin in immunoprecipitated E-cadherin complexes of CUBIII. Western blot analysis of APC revealed a truncated protein in 1/15 (CUBIII) cell lines. The characterisation of oncogenic events within this panel of human bladder carcinoma cell lines establishes a representation of change observed in bladder tumours and better defines the genotypic background in these experimental human cell models of neoplastic progression. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:7669581

Rieger, K. M.; Little, A. F.; Swart, J. M.; Kastrinakis, W. V.; Fitzgerald, J. M.; Hess, D. T.; Libertino, J. A.; Summerhayes, I. C.

1995-01-01

308

Continuing rearrangement of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes in a Ha-ras-transformed lymphoid progenitor cell line.  

PubMed Central

The arrangement of immunoglobulin genes has been examined in a series of lymphoid cell lines transformed with the Harvey murine sarcoma virus. One cell line, HAFTL-1, expresses antigenic markers characteristic of B-lymphoid cells and undergoes frequent rearrangement at the JH locus (where J = joining and H = heavy chain) during propagation in culture. By molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence determination, these rearrangements were found to represent the earliest postulated step in heavy chain gene assembly: the joining of a diversity (D) segment to a JH segment. The HAFTL-1 cell line also undergoes infrequent D beta-to-J beta joining at the T-cell receptor beta locus in culture. The observations presented here suggest that the HAFTL-1 cell line represents the early stage of B-cell differentiation at which immunoglobulin gene rearrangement is initiated. Images PMID:3470759

Alessandrini, A; Pierce, J H; Baltimore, D; Desiderio, S V

1987-01-01

309

Large-Scale Molecular Comparison of Human Schwann Cells to Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Cell Lines and Tissues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are highly invasive soft tissue sarcomas that arise within the peripheral nerve and frequently metastasize. To identify molecular events contributing to malignant transformation in peripheral nerve, we compared eight cell lines derived from MPNSTs and seven normal human Schwann cell samples. We found that MPNST lines are heterogeneous in their in vitro growth rates

Shyra J. Miller; Fatima Rangwala; Jon Williams; Peter Ackerman; Sue Kong; Anil G. Jegga; Sergio Kaiser; Bruce J. Aronow; Silke Frahm; Lan Kluwe; Victor Mautner; Meena Upadhyaya; David Muir; Margaret Wallace; Jussara Hagen; Mark A. Watson; Arie Perry; David H. Gutmann; Nancy Ratner

2006-01-01

310

Human thyroid tumor cell lines derived from different tumor types present a common dedifferentiated phenotype.  

PubMed

Cell lines are crucial to elucidate mechanisms of tumorigenesis and serve as tools for cancer treatment screenings. Therefore, careful validation of whether these models have conserved properties of in vivo tumors is highly important. Thyrocyte-derived tumors are very interesting for cancer biology studies because from one cell type, at least five histologically characterized different benign and malignant tumor types can arise. To investigate whether thyroid tumor-derived cell lines are representative in vitro models, characteristics of eight of those cell lines were investigated with microarrays, differentiation markers, and karyotyping. Our results indicate that these cell lines derived from differentiated and undifferentiated tumor types have evolved in vitro into similar phenotypes with gene expression profiles the closest to in vivo undifferentiated tumors. Accordingly, the absence of expression of most thyrocyte-specific genes, the nonresponsiveness to thyrotropin, as well as their large number of chromosomal abnormalities, suggest that these cell lines have acquired characteristics of fully dedifferentiated cells. They represent the outcome of an adaptation and evolution in vitro, which questions the reliability of these cell lines as models for differentiated tumors. However, they may represent useful models for undifferentiated cancers, and by their comparison with differentiated cells, can help to define the genes involved in the differentiation/dedifferentiation process. The use of any cell line as a model for a cancer therefore requires prior careful and thorough validation for the investigated property. PMID:17804723

van Staveren, Wilma C G; Solís, David Weiss; Delys, Laurent; Duprez, Laurence; Andry, Guy; Franc, Brigitte; Thomas, Gerry; Libert, Frédérick; Dumont, Jacques E; Detours, Vincent; Maenhaut, Carine

2007-09-01

311

Constitutive IL-2 expression in HTLV-I-infected leukaemic T cell lines.  

PubMed Central

An IL-2 autocrine growth circuit has been proposed as a major mechanism in HTLV-I-related leukaemogenesis. We have developed a polymerase chain reaction combined with reverse transcription RT-PCR to detect IL-2 transcripts and a sensitive immunostaining method for IL-2 protein. Combination of these two methods with in situ hybridization demonstrated that most cells of the T cell line IARC 301.5, whose proliferation is stimulated by autocrine IL-2, constitutively synthesize IL-2. This pattern was also found in the HTLV-I T cell lines HUT, MT2 and C 8166/45, and in the HTLV-I-negative T cell lines Jurkat and HSB2 but not MOLT4. Four non-lymphoid cell lines and cultured fibroblasts were negative, in agreement with the T cell specificity of IL-2 synthesis. Hence, most T cell lines tested, whether HTLV-I-infected or not, constitutively synthesize IL-2, suggesting a possible common feature of leukaemic T cell lines. The presence of IL-2 transcript and protein in most cells of the reacting cell lines is consistent with an autocrine process possibly involved at some stage in acquiring growth autonomy. Images Fig. 2 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 PMID:1710547

Farcet, J P; Lebargy, F; Lavignac, C; Gaulard, P; Dautry, A; Gazzolo, L; Romeo, P H; Vainchenker, W

1991-01-01

312

Characterization of cell lines derived from hamster tumors induced with the BK virus.  

PubMed

Some of the properties of three continuous cell lines derived from BK virus-induced hamster tumors were examined. The cell lines had in vitro growth characteristics of transformed cells. Morphologically most of the cells were fibroblastic, but multinucleated giant cells were also common. Ultrastructurally all three cell lines displayed the usual features of cells grown in vitro. Marked variation in the nuclear size and shape as well as prominent nucleoli were characteristic to these cells. No viruses or virus-like particles were found. Virus isolation attempts by fusing the cells with Vero cells were negative, and no virion antigen was detected in these cells by immunofluorescence. T antigen similar to that of other papovaviruses was found in the cells. This antigen stained with sera from a number of hamsters carrying transplanted BK virus-induced tumors, and also with SV 40 T antisera. The antigen disappeared after 30 minutes at 56 degrees C. Cytogenetic analyses showed that the three cell lines were heteroploid with subtetraploid numbers of chromosomes. Chromosome abnormalities were also seen. All three cell lines induced sarcomatous tumors in adult hamsters after subcutaneous inoculation. PMID:176970

Sten, M; Tolonen, A; Pitko, V M; Nevalainen, T; Mäntyjärvi, R A

1976-01-01

313

A genetically engineered human pancreatic ? cell line exhibiting glucose-inducible insulin secretion  

PubMed Central

Despite intense efforts over the past 30 years, human pancreatic ? cell lines have not been available. Here, we describe a robust technology for producing a functional human ? cell line using targeted oncogenesis in human fetal tissue. Human fetal pancreatic buds were transduced with a lentiviral vector that expressed SV40LT under the control of the insulin promoter. The transduced buds were then grafted into SCID mice so that they could develop into mature pancreatic tissue. Upon differentiation, the newly formed SV40LT-expressing ? cells proliferated and formed insulinomas. The resulting ? cells were then transduced with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), grafted into other SCID mice, and finally expanded in vitro to generate cell lines. One of these cell lines, EndoC-?H1, expressed many ? cell–specific markers without any substantial expression of markers of other pancreatic cell types. The cells secreted insulin when stimulated by glucose or other insulin secretagogues, and cell transplantation reversed chemically induced diabetes in mice. These cells represent a unique tool for large-scale drug discovery and provide a preclinical model for cell replacement therapy in diabetes. This technology could be generalized to generate other human cell lines when the cell type–specific promoter is available. PMID:21865645

Ravassard, Philippe; Hazhouz, Yasmine; Pechberty, Severine; Bricout-Neveu, Emilie; Armanet, Mathieu; Czernichow, Paul; Scharfmann, Raphael

2011-01-01

314

Establishment of an immortal chicken embryo liver-derived cell line.  

PubMed

A continuously growing immortal cell substrate can be used for virus propagation, diagnostic purposes, and vaccine production. The aim of this study was to develop an immortal chicken cell line for efficient propagation of avian infectious viruses. From the various chicken embryo cells that were tested for life span extension, an immortalized chicken embryo liver (CEL) cell line, named CEL-im, was derived spontaneously without either oncogenic viruses or carcinogenic chemical treatment. Currently, CEL-im cells are growing 0.8 to 1.1 population doublings per day and have reached 120 passages. The CEL-im cell line is permissive for poultry infectious viruses, including avian metapneumovirus (AMPV), Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1), and infectious laryngotracheitis virus. The CEL-im cells produced high AMPV titer (>10(5) pfu/mL), whereas very low titers (~10 pfu/mL) for MDV-1 and infectious laryngotracheitis virus were produced. To identify genetic alterations in the immortal CEL-im cell line, telomerase activity and mRNA expression for major cell cycle regulatory genes were determined during the immortalizing process. The CEL-im cell line has negative telomerase activity, and when compared with the primary passage 2 CEL cell counterpart, mRNA expression of tumor suppressor protein p53, mouse double minute 2 (Mdm2), cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21 (p21(WAF)), and CDK inhibitor p16 (p16(INK4)) were downregulated in the CEL-im cell line, whereas retinoblastoma (Rb), transcription factor E2F, member 1 (E2F-1), and alternative reading frame of p16(INK4) (ARF) were upregulated. These results are similar to genetic alterations found previously in immortal chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cell lines that showed efficient propagation of MDV-1. Therefore, this newly established CEL-im cell line can serve as an alternative cell substrate for the propagation of poultry viruses, such as AMPV. PMID:23687157

Lee, Jeongyoon; Foster, Douglas N; Bottje, Walter G; Jang, Hyeon-Min; Chandra, Yohanna G; Gentles, Lauren E; Kong, Byung-Whi

2013-06-01

315

DNA profiling analysis of endometrial and ovarian cell lines reveals misidentification, redundancy and contamination  

PubMed Central

Objectives Cell lines derived from human ovarian and endometrial cancers, and their immortalized non-malignant counterparts, are critical tools to investigate and characterize molecular mechanisms underlying gynecologic tumorigenesis, and facilitate development of novel therapeutics. To determine the extent of misidentification, contamination and redundancy, with evident consequences for the validity of research based upon these models, we undertook a systematic analysis and cataloging of endometrial and ovarian cell lines. Methods Profiling of cell lines by analysis of DNA microsatellite short tandem repeats (STR), p53 nucleotide polymorphisms and microsatellite instability. Results Fifty-one ovarian cancer lines were profiled with ten found to be redundant and five (A2008, OV2008, C13, SK-OV-4 and SK-OV-6) identified as cervical cancer cells. Ten endometrial cell lines were analyzed, with RL-92, HEC-1A, HEC-1B, HEC-50, KLE, and AN3CA all exhibiting unique, uncontaminated STR profiles. Multiple variants of Ishikawa and ECC-1 endometrial cancer cell lines were genotyped and analyzed by sequencing of mutations in the p53 gene. The profile of ECC-1 cells did not match the EnCa-101 tumor, from which it was reportedly derived, and all ECC-1 isolates genotyped as Ishikawa cells, MCF-7 breast cancer cells, or a combination thereof. Two normal, immortalized endometrial epithelial cell lines, HES cells and the hTERT-EEC line, were identified as HeLa cervical carcinoma and MCF-7 breast cancer cells, respectively. Conclusions Results demonstrate significant misidentification, duplication, and loss of integrity of endometrial and ovarian cancer cell lines. Authentication by STR DNA profiling is a simple and economical method to verify and validate studies undertaken with these models. PMID:22710073

Korch, Christopher; Spillman, Monique A.; Jackson, Twila A.; Jacobsen, Britta M.; Murphy, Susan K.; Lessey, Bruce A.; Jordan, V. Craig; Bradford, Andrew P.

2012-01-01

316

Effects of arsenite on cell cycle progression in a human bladder cancer cell line.  

PubMed

Bladder cancer is one of the most important diseases associated with arsenic (As) exposure in view of its high prevalence and mortality rate. Experimental studies have shown that As exposure induces cell proliferation in the bladder of sodium arsenite (iAsIII) subchronically treated mice. However, there is little available information on its effects on the cell cycle of bladder cells. Thus, our purpose was to evaluate the effects of iAsIII on cell cycle progression and the response of p53 and p21 on the human-derived epithelial bladder cell line HT1197. iAsIII treatment (1-10 microM) for 24 h induced a dose-dependent increase in the proportion of cells in S-phase, which reached 65% at the highest dose. A progressive reduction in cell proliferation was also observed. BrdU was incorporated to cellular DNA in an interrupted form, suggesting an incomplete DNA synthesis. The time-course of iAsIII effects (10 microM) showed an increase in p53 protein content and a transient increase in p21 protein levels accompanying the changes in S-phase. These effects were correlated with iAs concentrations inside the cells, which were not able to metabolize inorganic arsenic. Our findings suggest that p21 was not able to block CDK2-cyclin E complex activity and was therefore unable to arrest cells in G1 allowing their progression into the S-phase. Further studies are needed to ascertain the mechanisms underlying the effects of iAsIII on the G1 to S phase transition in bladder cells. PMID:15590121

Hernández-Zavala, A; Córdova, E; Del Razo, L M; Cebrián, M E; Garrido, E

2005-02-01

317

Establishment of an agamid cell line and isolation of adenoviruses from central bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps).  

PubMed

A cell line was established from whole 6-8-week-old central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) embryos. Cells were mid-sized and showed an elongated and polymorphic form. The cell line grew in a monolayer and has been serially passaged for 17 passages at time of publication. This cell line has been used with samples from adenovirus polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive bearded dragons, and 2 virus isolates have been obtained so far. The isolates show a clear cytopathic effect in inoculated cells. Both virus isolates have been serially passaged on this cell line, and have been identified by PCR amplification and sequencing of a portion of the DNA-dependent DNA polymerase gene and show 100% nucleotide identity to the corresponding region of an agamid adenovirus. Electron microscopic examination of supernatant from infected cells demonstrated the presence of nonenveloped particles, with a diameter of approximately 80 nm in both virus isolates. PMID:24569225

Ball, Inna; Hoferer, Marc; Marschang, Rachel E

2014-03-01

318

Directed establishment of rat brain cell lines with the phenotypic characteristics of type 1 astrocytes.  

PubMed Central

Interest in obtaining cell lines for use in studies on the development and biochemistry of the central nervous system has motivated efforts to establish cells from primary brain cultures by the use of oncogene-transfer techniques. In previous reports, cell lines derived from astrocytes in this way have had immature or abnormal phenotypes. We have explored the possibility of specifically "targeting" expression of exogenous oncogenes to differentiated astrocytes by using the promoter of the gene encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein, which is expressed almost exclusively in such cells. We report here that cell lines displaying the phenotypic characteristics of type 1 astrocytes can be established reproducibly in this manner. Given the heterogeneity of primary cultures, the availability of clonal cell lines displaying characteristics of type 1 astrocytes should greatly facilitate our understanding of the biology of these cells. Images PMID:1378628

Radany, E H; Brenner, M; Besnard, F; Bigornia, V; Bishop, J M; Deschepper, C F

1992-01-01

319

STAT1 signaling is associated with acquired crossresistance to doxorubicin and radiation in myeloma cell lines  

E-print Network

correlates positively with doxorubicin resistance in a human tumor cell line panel.8 STAT1 signaling has alsoSTAT1 signaling is associated with acquired crossresistance to doxorubicin and radiation in myeloma cell lines M °arten Fryknas1 , Sumeer Dhar2 , Fredrik Oberg1 , Linda Rickardson2 , Maria Ryd °aker2

320

ARPE-19, A Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cell Line with Differentiated Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of adjacent photoreceptors in the vertebrate retina. This study describes the development and characterization of ARPE-19, a spontaneously arising human RPE cell line with normal karyology which forms polarized epithelial monolayers on porous filter supports. The cell line was established by selective trypsinization of a primary

K. C. DUNN; A. E. AOTAKI-KEEN; F. R. PUTKEY; L. M. HJELMELAND

1996-01-01

321

Characterization of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor in Human Glioma Cell Lines and Xenografts1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both permanent cultured cell lines and athymic mouse xenografts were established from two human glioblastomas. Biopsies from D-245 MG and D-270 MG contained amplified and rearranged epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genes. Although the gene amplification and rearrangement seen originally was maintained in the xenografts, cultured cell lines established from these biopsies lost the amplified rearranged genes in vitro. Analysis

Sandra H. Bigner; Peter A. Humphrey; Albert J. Wong; Bert Vogelstein; Joachim Mark; Henry S. Friedman; Darell D. Bigner

1990-01-01

322

Human Plasma Cell Line Having Rearranged 'c-myc' Proto-Oncogene.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention is related to the establishment and characterization of a new, cultured, human plasma cell myeloma line. More particularly, the present invention is related to a unique human plasma cell line, designated NCI-H929, having rearranged i...

A. F. Gazdar

1986-01-01

323

Unexpectedly Low Loss of Heterozygosity in Genetically Unstable Werner Syndrome Cell Lines  

E-print Network

Unexpectedly Low Loss of Heterozygosity in Genetically Unstable Werner Syndrome Cell Lines Angela R-immortalized Werner syndrome (WS) and control fibroblast cell lines. Five microsatellite loci were genotyped Chromosom. Cancer 18:133­142, 1997. r 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc. INTRODUCTION Werner syndrome (WS; Mc

Monnat, Ray

324

Organization of the endoplasmic reticulum in renal cell lines MDCK and LLC-PK1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spatial organization of the endoplasmic reticulum has been studied in two renal cell lines, MDCK and LLC-PK1, which originate from the distal and proximal portions of the mammalian nephron, respectively, and which form a polarized epithelium when they reach confluence in tissue culture. The two renal cell lines, grown to confluence on either solid or permeable supports, were investigated

Michel Bergeron; Georges Thiéry; Frédéric Lenoir; Marie-Cécile Giocondi; Christian Grimellec

1994-01-01

325

Paraffin-Embedded Cell Line Microarray (PECLIMA): Development and Validation of a High-Throughput Method for Antigen Profiling of Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of high-throughput techniques is increasingly providing abundant information on molecular alterations requiring validation at the posttranscriptional level. Protein expression is now efficiently evaluated in large series of tumors included in tissue microarrays. We propose, describe and validate a technique to elaborate paraffin-embedded cell line microarrays (PECLIMA) from fixed cell cultures, which can be processed like standard surgical pathology

Berta Ferrer; Raquel Bermudo; Timothy Thomson; Iracema Nayach; Marta Soler; Montserrat Sánchez; Mireia Castillo; Julia Calvo; Elias Campo; Pedro L. Fernández

2005-01-01

326

Derivation and transcriptional profiling analysis of pluripotent stem cell lines from rat blastocysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are derived from blastocyst-stage embryos. Their unique properties of self-renewal and pluripotency make them an attractive tool for basic research and a potential cell resource for therapy. ES cells of mouse and human have been successfully generated and applied in a wide range of research. However, no genuine ES cell lines have been obtained from rat

Chunliang Li; Ying Yang; Junjie Gu; Yu Ma; Ying Jin

2009-01-01

327

Potential Utility and Limitations of Thyroid Cancer Cell Lines as Models for Studying Thyroid Cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Tumor-derived cell lines are widely used to study the mechanisms involved in thyroid carcinogenesis but recent studies have reported redundancy among thyroid cancer cell lines and identification of some “thyroid cell lines” that are likely not of thyroid origin. Summary In this review, we have summarized the uses, the limitations, and the existing problems associated with the available follicular cell-derived thyroid cancer cell lines. There are some limitations to the use of cell lines as a model to “mimic” in vivo tumors. Based on the gene expression profiles of thyroid cell lines originating from tumors of different types it has become apparent that some of the cell lines are closely related to each other and to those of undifferentiated carcinomas. Further, many cell lines have lost the expression of thyroid-specific genes and have altered karyotypes, while they exhibit activation of several oncogenes (BRAF, v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1; RAS, rat sarcoma; and RET/PTC, rearranged in transformation/papillary thyroid carcinoma) and inactivation of tumor suppressor gene (TP53) which is known to be important for thyroid tumorigenesis. Conclusions A careful selection of thyroid cancer cell lines that reflect the major characteristics of a particular type of thyroid cancer being investigated could be used as a good model system to analyze the signaling pathways that may be important in thyroid carcinogenesis. Further, the review of literature also suggests that some of the limitations can be overcome by using multiple cell lines derived from the same type of tumor. PMID:20001716

Pilli, Tania; Prasad, Kanteti V.; Jayarama, Shankar; Pacini, Furio

2009-01-01

328

An Agarose-Gel Based Method for Transporting Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Cryopreserved cells stored in dry ice or liquid nitrogen is the classical method for transporting cells between research laboratories in different cities around the world in order to maintain cell viability. An alternative method is to ship the live cells in flasks filled with cell culture medium. Both methods have limitations of either a requirement on special shipping container or short times for the cells to survive on the shipping process. We have recently developed an agarose gel based method for directly transporting the live adherent cells in cell culture plates or dishes in ambient temperature. This convenient method simplifies the transportation of live cells in long distance that can maintain cells in good viability for several days. PMID:20161836

Yang, Lingzhi; Li, Chufang; Chen, Ling; Li, Zhiyuan

2009-01-01

329

An eIF4E-interacting peptide induces cell death in cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

The eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4E is essential for cap-dependent initiation of translation in eukaryotes. Abnormal regulation of eIF4E has been implicated in oncogenic transformation. We developed an eIF4E-binding peptide derived from Angel1, a partner of eIF4E that we recently identified. We show here that this peptide fused to a penetratin motif causes drastic and rapid cell death in several epithelial cancer cell lines. This necrotic cell death was characterized by a drop in ATP levels with F-actin network injury being a key step in extensive plasma membrane blebbing and membrane permeabilization. This synthetic eIF4E-binding peptide provides a candidate pharmacophore for a promising new cancer therapy strategy. PMID:25356869

Masse, M; Glippa, V; Saad, H; Le Bloas, R; Gauffeny, I; Berthou, C; Czjzek, M; Cormier, P; Cosson, B

2014-01-01

330

An eIF4E-interacting peptide induces cell death in cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

The eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4E is essential for cap-dependent initiation of translation in eukaryotes. Abnormal regulation of eIF4E has been implicated in oncogenic transformation. We developed an eIF4E-binding peptide derived from Angel1, a partner of eIF4E that we recently identified. We show here that this peptide fused to a penetratin motif causes drastic and rapid cell death in several epithelial cancer cell lines. This necrotic cell death was characterized by a drop in ATP levels with F-actin network injury being a key step in extensive plasma membrane blebbing and membrane permeabilization. This synthetic eIF4E-binding peptide provides a candidate pharmacophore for a promising new cancer therapy strategy. PMID:25356869

Masse, M; Glippa, V; Saad, H; Le Bloas, R; Gauffeny, I; Berthou, C; Czjzek, M; Cormier, P; Cosson, B

2014-01-01

331

Establishment of a normal medakafish spermatogonial cell line capable of sperm production in vitro  

PubMed Central

Spermatogonia are the male germ stem cells that continuously produce sperm for the next generation. Spermatogenesis is a complicated process that proceeds through mitotic phase of stem cell renewal and differentiation, meiotic phase, and postmeiotic phase of spermiogenesis. Full recapitulation of spermatogenesis in vitro has been impossible, as generation of normal spermatogonial stem cell lines without immortalization and production of motile sperm from these cells after long-term culture have not been achieved. Here we report the derivation of a normal spermatogonial cell line from a mature medakafish testis without immortalization. After 140 passages during 2 years of culture, this cell line retains stable but growth factor-dependent proliferation, a diploid karyotype, and the phenotype and gene expression pattern of spermatogonial stem cells. Furthermore, we show that this cell line can undergo meiosis and spermiogenesis to generate motile sperm. Therefore, the ability of continuous proliferation and sperm production in culture is an intrinsic property of medaka spermatogonial stem cells, and immortalization apparently is not necessary to derive male germ cell cultures. Our findings and cell line will offer a unique opportunity to study and recapitulate spermatogenesis in vitro and to develop approaches for germ-line transmission. PMID:15141090

Hong, Yunhan; Liu, Tongming; Zhao, Haobin; Xu, Hongyan; Wang, Weijia; Liu, Rong; Chen, Tiansheng; Deng, Jiaorong; Gui, Jianfang

2004-01-01

332

DNA Methylation Levels in Human and Murine Melanoma Cell Lines of Varying Metastatic Potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

DNA methylation levels were measured in a seríesof murine and human melanoma cell lines consisting of matched variants of low and high experimental metastatic capacity. The percentage of cytosine resi dues modified to 5-methylcytosine ranged between 2.13-3.92% in these lines. Ten cell lines were established in culture from individual lung tumor nodules produced in nude mice by i.v. injection of

E. Jane Ormerod; Christine A. Everett; Mavis Finch; Ian R. Hart

1986-01-01

333

A comparative evaluation of various invasion assays testing colon carcinoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Various colon carcinoma cell lines were tested in different invasion assays, i.e. invasion into Matrigel, into confluent fibroblast layers and into chicken heart tissue. Furthermore, invasive capacity and metastatic potential were determined in nude mice. The colon carcinoma cells used were the human cell lines Caco-2, SW-480, SW-620 and HT-29, and the murine lines Colon-26 and -38. None of the human colon carcinoma cells migrated through porous membranes coated with Matrigel; of the murine lines, only Colon-26 did. When incubated in a mixture of Matrigel and culture medium non-invading cells formed spheroid cultures, whereas invading cells showed a stellate outgrowth. Only the heterogeneously shaped (epithelioid and stellate) cells of SW-480 and SW-620 and the spindle-shaped cells of Colon-26 invaded clearly confluent skin and colon fibroblasts as well as chicken heart tissue. However, when transplanted into the caecum of nude and syngeneic mice, all the lines tested were invasive with the exception of Caco-2 cells. We conclude that the outcome of in vitro tests measuring the invasive capacity of neoplastic cells is largely dependent on the test system used. Invasive capacity in vitro is strongly correlated with cells having a spindle cell shape, vimentin expression and E-cadherin down regulation. In contrast, HT-29 and Colon-38 cells having an epithelioid phenotype were clearly invasive and metastatic in vivo, but not in vitro. © 1999 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10576648

Both, N J de; Vermey, M; Dinjens, W N; Bosman, F T

1999-01-01

334

Expression of cytoskeleton components in various Epstein-Barr virus infected cell lines.  

PubMed

It has been shown that viruses can induce alterations in the content and distribution of cytoskeleton structures, particularly actin microfilaments and microtubules. An immunomorphologic study of the cytoskeleton components of various EBV-infected cell lines with expression of different functions of EBV genome has been performed using antibodies to each of its three major components. Intermediate filaments and microtubules were similarly represented in all examined lymphoblastoid cell lines. The distribution of actin microfilaments, on the contrary, differed significantly from cell line to cell line. It is concluded that the morphologic expression of actin might depend on the expression of EBV genome. Furthermore, some of these cell lines might represent a useful substrate for the identification of anticytoskeleton antibodies, mainly anti-actin antibodies, in human sera. PMID:2850521

Zauli, D; Musiani, M; Crespi, C; Zerbini, M

1988-04-01

335

Prodigiosin activates endoplasmic reticulum stress cell death pathway in human breast carcinoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Prodigiosin is a bacterial tripyrrole pigment with potent cytotoxicity against diverse human cancer cell lines. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is initiated by accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the ER lumen and may induce cell death when irremediable. In this study, the role of ER stress in prodigiosin-induced cytotoxicity was elucidated for the first time. Comparable to the ER stress inducer thapsigargin, prodigiosin up-regulated signature ER stress markers GRP78 and CHOP in addition to activating the IRE1, PERK and ATF6 branches of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in multiple human breast carcinoma cell lines, confirming prodigiosin as an ER stress inducer. Prodigiosin transcriptionally up-regulated CHOP, as evidenced by its promoting effect on the CHOP promoter activity. Of note, knockdown of CHOP effectively lowered prodigiosin's capacity to evoke PARP cleavage, reduce cell viability and suppress colony formation, highlighting an essential role of CHOP in prodigiosin-induced cytotoxic ER stress response. In addition, prodigiosin down-regulated BCL2 in a CHOP-dependent manner. Importantly, restoration of BCL2 expression blocked prodigiosin-induced PARP cleavage and greatly enhanced the survival of prodigiosin-treated cells, suggesting that CHOP-dependent BCL2 suppression mediates prodigiosin-elicited cell death. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of JNK by SP600125 or dominant-negative blockade of PERK-mediated eIF2? phosphorylation impaired prodigiosin-induced CHOP up-regulation and PARP cleavage. Collectively, these results identified ER stress-mediated cell death as a mode-of-action of prodigiosin's tumoricidal effect. Mechanistically, prodigiosin engages the IRE1–JNK and PERK–eIF2? branches of the UPR signaling to up-regulate CHOP, which in turn mediates BCL2 suppression to induce cell death. Highlights: ? Prodigiosin is a bacterial tripyrrole pigment with potent anticancer effect. ? Prodigiosin is herein identified as an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer. ? Prodigiosin-induced cytotoxicity involves ER stress-mediated cell death. ? Prodigiosin transcriptionally induces CHOP to suppress BCL2 for evoking cell death. ? Prodigiosin engages the IRE1–JNK and PERK–eIF2? pathways to up-regulate CHOP.

Pan, Mu-Yun [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Shen, Yuh-Chiang [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Lu, Chien-Hsing [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Yang, Shu-Yi [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Ho, Tsing-Fen [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Peng, Yu-Ta [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Chang, Chia-Che, E-mail: chia_che@dragon.nchu.edu.tw [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Agricultural Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China)

2012-12-15

336

Detection of anti-liver cell membrane antibody using a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line  

SciTech Connect

A radioimmunometric technique for the detection of autoantibodies to liver membrane antigens has been developed using Alexander cells, a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. After incubation of Alexander cells with serum, antimembrane antibodies were detected by addition of /sup 125/I-labeled Protein A. Binding ratios in 15 children with uncontrolled autoimmune chronic active hepatitis and in seven children with primary sclerosing cholangitis were significantly higher than in 18 age-matched normal controls. Nine patients with inactive autoimmune chronic active hepatitis, 13 with alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency and five with fulminant hepatic failure had ratios similar to controls. In nine patients with Wilson's disease, there was a modest but significant increase in binding ratio. In four children with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis, binding ratios fell during effective immunosuppressive therapy. Sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis gave normal results, excluding that binding derives from Fc-mediated immune complex capture. A positive correlation was found between Alexander cell binding values and anti-liver-specific protein antibody titers, suggesting that the two assays detect antibodies against shared antigenic determinants. The Alexander cell assay is a simple, rapid and sensitive technique to detect antibody to liver cell membrane antigens.

Lobo-Yeo, A.; McSorley, C.; McFarlane, B.M.; Mieli-Vergani, G.; Mowat, A.P.; Vergani, D.

1989-02-01

337

High-content screening of drug-induced cardiotoxicity using quantitative single cell imaging cytometry on microfluidic device.  

PubMed

Drug-induced cardiotoxicity or cytotoxicity followed by cell death in cardiac muscle is one of the major concerns in drug development. Herein, we report a high-content quantitative multicolor single cell imaging tool for automatic screening of drug-induced cardiotoxicity in an intact cell. A tunable multicolor imaging system coupled with a miniaturized sample platform was destined to elucidate drug-induced cardiotoxicity via simultaneous quantitative monitoring of intracellular sodium ion concentration, potassium ion channel permeability and apoptosis/necrosis in H9c2(2-1) cell line. Cells were treated with cisapride (a human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel blocker), digoxin (Na(+)/K(+)-pump blocker), camptothecin (anticancer agent) and a newly synthesized anti-cancer drug candidate (SH-03). Decrease in potassium channel permeability in cisapride-treated cells indicated that it can also inhibit the trafficking of the hERG channel. Digoxin treatment resulted in an increase of intracellular [Na(+)]. However, it did not affect potassium channel permeability. Camptothecin and SH-03 did not show any cytotoxic effect at normal use (?300 nM and 10 ?M, respectively). This result clearly indicates the potential of SH-03 as a new anticancer drug candidate. The developed method was also used to correlate the cell death pathway with alterations in intracellular [Na(+)]. The developed protocol can directly depict and quantitate targeted cellular responses, subsequently enabling an automated, easy to operate tool that is applicable to drug-induced cytotoxicity monitoring with special reference to next generation drug discovery screening. This multicolor imaging based system has great potential as a complementary system to the conventional patch clamp technique and flow cytometric measurement for the screening of drug cardiotoxicity. PMID:21060932

Kim, Min Jung; Lee, Su Chul; Pal, Sukdeb; Han, Eunyoung; Song, Joon Myong

2011-01-01

338

Characterization of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plants regenerated from selected NaCl tolerant cell lines.  

PubMed

Selection of stable, NaCl tolerant alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cell lines was accomplished by a step-up selection procedure, whereby cell lines originally selected for tolerance at 0.5% NaCl were subsequently selected at 1.0% NaCl. Sodium chloride tolerant cell lines retained tolerance following four subcultures (16 weeks) on control media (0% NaCl). Plants were regenerated from selected NaCl tolerant cell lines of three initial genotypes, one diploid (2n=2x=16) and two tetraploids (2n=4x=32). In addition, plants were regenerated from control cell lines maintained on 0% NaCl media for the same duration. Plants regenerated from NaCl tolerant cell lines were characterized by extensive somaclonal variation compared to plants regenerated from control lines. Morphologically, all plants regenerated from NaCl tolerant cell lines are abnormal and many (44.7%) were extreme dwarfs (maximum height of 5 cm). The grossly aberrant phenotypes prevented an in-depth characterization of many of the plants regenerated from NaCl tolerant cell lines. Most plants regenerated from NaCl tolerant cell lines had unbalanced polyploid chromosome sets with the most extreme cytogenetic variant having 106 chromosomes. In contrast, 98.5% of the plants regenerated from control cell lines were euploid (85% were tetraploid, 15% were octoploid). Isozyme phenotypes of the plants from NaCl tolerant cell lines were also extensively altered, compared to plants from control cell lines. In vitro NaCl tolerance was maintained following plant regeneration for nine of the 12 regenerants tested. Importantly, whole plant NaCl tolerance was expressed in two of the seven regenerated plants tested at the whole plant level; however, only one of these plants has flowered and is both male and female sterile; the other plant has never flowered. Although NaCl tolerant alfalfa cell lines are efficiently selected, the extensive somaclonal variation that accompanied the selection was a deterrent to successful recovery of heritable NaCl tolerance. PMID:24248922

McCoy, T J

1987-12-01

339

In vitro cultivation of human tumor tissues. II. Morphological and virological characterization of three cell lines.  

PubMed

Nineteen human tumors, mostly of sarcomatous nature, were cultured in vitro. Three cell lines were isolated and further characterized: MG-57 derived from a giant cell tumor, MG-63 derived from an osteosarcoma and MG-72 derived from a xanthohistiocytoma. The cell lines varied in morphology and growth pattern. An abnormal karyotype with marker chromosomes was present in Mg-63 and MG-72. None of the cell lines spontaneously produced detectable C-type virus particles. Stimulation with IUDR and dexamethasone also failed to induce detectable particle release. PMID:218153

Heremans, H; Billiau, A; Cassiman, J J; Mulier, J C; de Somer, P

1978-01-01

340

Ligand activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-?/? (PPAR ?/?) inhibits cell growth in a mouse mammary gland cancer cell line  

PubMed Central

The effects of ligand activation of PPAR?/? were examined in the mouse mammary tumor cell line (C20). Expression of PPAR?/? was markedly lower in C20 cells as compared to the human non-tumorigenic mammary gland derived cell line (MCF10A) and mouse keratinocytes. Ligand activation of PPAR?/? in C20 cells caused upregulation of the PPAR?/? target gene angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4). Inhibition of C20 cell proliferation and clonogenicity was observed following treatment with GW0742 or GW501516, two highly specific PPAR?/? ligands. In addition, an increase in apoptosis was observed in C20 cells cultured with 10 µM GW501516 that preceded the observed inhibition of cell proliferation. Results from this study show that proliferation of the C20 mouse mammary gland cancer cell line is inhibited by ligand activation of PPAR?/? due in part to increased apoptosis. PMID:19660859

Foreman, Jennifer E.; Sharma, Arun K.; Amin, Shantu; Gonzalez, Frank J.; Peters, Jeffrey M.

2009-01-01

341

Cross-Contamination of a UROtsa Stock with T24 Cells - Molecular Comparison of Different Cell Lines and Stocks  

PubMed Central

Background UROtsa is an authentic, immortalized human urothelial cell line that is used to study the effects of metals and other toxic substances, mostly in the context of bladder cancer carcinogenesis. Unusual properties on the molecular level of a provided UROtsa cell line stock prompted us to verify its identity. Methods UROtsa cell line stocks from different sources were tested on several molecular levels and compared with other cell lines. MicroRNA and mRNA expression was determined by Real-Time PCR. Chromosome numbers were checked and PCR of different regions of the large T-antigen was performed. DNA methylation of RARB, PGR, RASSF1, CDH1, FHIT, ESR1, C1QTNF6, PTGS2, SOCS3, MGMT, and LINE1 was analyzed by pyrosequencing and compared with results from the cell lines RT4, T24, HeLa, BEAS-2B, and HepG2. Finally, short tandem repeat (STR) profiling was applied. Results All tested UROtsa cell line stocks lacked large T-antigen. STR analysis unequivocally identified our main UROtsa stock as the bladder cancer cell line T24, which was different from two authentic UROtsa stocks that served as controls. Analysis of DNA methylation patterns and RNA expression confirmed their differences. Methylation pattern and mRNA expression of the contaminating T24 cell line showed moderate changes even after long-term culture of up to 56 weeks, whereas miRNAs and chromosome numbers varied markedly. Conclusions It is important to check the identity of cell lines, especially those that are not distributed by major cell banks. However, for some cell lines STR profiles are not available. Therefore, new cell lines should either be submitted to cell banks or at least their STR profile determined and published as part of their initial characterization. Our results should help to improve the identification of UROtsa and other cells on different molecular levels and provide information on the use of urothelial cells for long-term experiments. PMID:23691160

Johnen, Georg; Rozynek, Peter; von der Gathen, Yvonne; Bryk, Oleksandr; Zdrenka, Ricarda; Johannes, Christian; Weber, Daniel G.; Igwilo-Okuefuna, O?Brien; Raiko, Irina; Hippler, Jorg; Bruning, Thomas; Dopp, Elke

2013-01-01

342

Establishment and genetic characterization of six unique tumor cell lines as preclinical models for sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Sinonasal squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) are rare tumors, etiologically related to occupational exposure to wood and leather dust. In spite of surgical and radiotherapeutic advances, the 5 year survival is still 30–50%. Therefore, alternative treatment options are needed. We report the establishment and characterization of six unique human sinonasal SCC cell lines, named SCCNC1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. In vitro growth and invasion characteristics were evaluated and genetic profiles were compared to those of the original primary tumors. The population doubling times ranged from 21 to 34?hours. Cell lines SCCNC2 and 7 were highly invasive in matrigel. Five cell lines carried a high number of copy number alterations, including amplifications and homozygous deletions, while one showed only three abnormalities. Sequence analysis revealed three cell lines with TP53 mutation and none with KRAS or BRAF. Overexpression of p53 was observed in five, and of EGFR in four cell lines. None of the cell lines showed strong immunopositivity of p16 or presence of human papilloma virus. In conclusion, we have created six new cell lines that are clinically and genetically representative of sinonasal SCC and that will be a useful tool for the preclinical testing of new therapeutic agents. PMID:24816148

Garcia-Inclan, Cristina; Lopez-Hernandez, Alejandro; Alonso-Guervos, Marta; Allonca, Eva; Potes, Sira; Melon, Santiago; Lopez, Fernando; Llorente, Jose Luis; Hermsen, Mario

2014-01-01

343

Animal model of naturally occurring bladder cancer: Characterization of four new canine transitional cell carcinoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Development and further characterization of animal models for human cancers is important for the improvement of cancer detection and therapy. Canine bladder cancer closely resembles human bladder cancer in many aspects. In this study, we isolated and characterized four primary transitional cell carcinoma (K9TCC) cell lines to be used for future in vitro validation of novel therapeutic agents for bladder cancer. Methods Four K9TCC cell lines were established from naturally-occurring canine bladder cancers obtained from four dogs. Cell proliferation rates of K9TCC cells in vitro were characterized by doubling time. The expression profile of cell-cycle proteins, cytokeratin, E-cadherin, COX-2, PDGFR, VEGFR, and EGFR were evaluated by immunocytochemistry (ICC) and Western blotting (WB) analysis and compared with established human bladder TCC cell lines, T24 and UMUC-3. All tested K9TCC cell lines were assessed for tumorigenic behavior using athymic mice in vivo. Results Four established K9TCC cell lines: K9TCC#1Lillie, K9TCC#2Dakota, K9TCC#4Molly, and K9TCC#5Lilly were confirmed to have an epithelial-cell origin by morphology analysis, cytokeratin, and E-cadherin expressions. The tested K9TCC cells expressed UPIa (a specific marker of the urothelial cells), COX-2, PDGFR, and EGFR; however they lacked the expression of VEGFR. All tested K9TCC cell lines confirmed a tumorigenic behavior in athymic mice with 100% tumor incidence. Conclusions The established K9TCC cell lines (K9TCC#1Lillie, K9TCC#2Dakota, K9TCC#4Molly, and K9TCC#5Lilly) can be further utilized to assist in development of new target-specific imaging and therapeutic agents for canine and human bladder cancer. PMID:24964787

2014-01-01

344

Antibody-membrane switch (AMS) technology for facile cell line development.  

PubMed

Generation of high-productivity cell lines remains a major bottleneck in therapeutic antibody development. Conventional cell line development often depends on gene amplification methodologies using dihydrofolate reductase or glutamine synthetase. Higher productivity is associated with an increased gene copy number. However, lack of selection pressure under the conditions of large-scale manufacturing leads to clonal instability. We have developed a novel method for cell line development, antibody-membrane switch (AMS) technology, that does not rely on gene amplification. This fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)-based, high-throughput method is facilitated by cell-surface antibody expression to rapidly and efficiently isolate high-producing cells. The switch between membrane expression and secretion is achieved by alternative splicing and specific DNA recombination. The antibody of interest is initially displayed on the cell surface to facilitate FACS. Isolated high-producing cells are then seamlessly transformed into production cells after removing the membrane-anchoring domain sequence with a DNA recombinase. AMS technology has been applied in a number of antibody cell line development projects, which typically last 2-3 months. The top production cell lines exhibit very high specific productivity of 40-60 pg/cell/day resulting in production titers of 2-4 g/l in 10-day batch culture. PMID:25225415

Yu, Bo; Wages, John M; Larrick, James W

2014-10-01

345

Methanolic Fractions of Ornithogalum cuspidatum Induce Apoptosis in PC-3 Prostate Cancer Cell Line and WEHI-164 Fibrosarcoma Cancer Cell Line  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The present study, was aimed to assess the cytotoxic effects of Ornithogalum cuspidatum methanolic fractions on PC-3, prostate cancer cells and WEHI-164, Fibrosarcoma cells. Methods: Methanolic fractions of O. cuspidatum were prepared using solid phase extraction and the cells were treated with different concentrations for 12 and 24 hours. Cytotoxicity and cell viability were measured by MTT assay. ELISA was also employed to assess the histone-associated DNA fragments and the involvement of apoptotic mechanisms. Results: 10 and 20% fractions had not significant cytotoxic effects (p>0.05) but other fractions exerted growth inhibition on both cancer cell lines (p<0.05). After 24h of incubation with 40, 60, 80 and 100% fractions, the IC50 values were: 165, 85, 65 and 45?g/ml on PC-3 cells and 200, 96, 76 and 73?g/ml against WEHI-164 cell line, respectively. ELISA results also revealed that, both cell lines had undergone apoptosis. Conclusion: It is deduced that, 80% and 100% methanolic fractions had significant anti-proliferative and apoptotic impacts on PC-3 and WEHI-164 cells in vitro and could be considered for developing chemo-preventive substances. PMID:25364662

Asadi, Hamed; Orangi, Mona; Shanehbandi, Dariush; Babaloo, Zohreh; Delazar, Abbas; Mohammadnejad, Leila; Zare Shahneh, Fatemeh; Valiyari, Samira; Baradaran, Behzad

2014-01-01

346

Gene mutations and increased levels of p53 protein in human squamous cell carcinomas and their cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using immunocytochemical and Western blotting techniques we have demonstrated the presence of abnormally high levels of p53 protein in 8\\/24 (33%) of human squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and 9\\/18 (50%) of SCC cell lines. There was a correlation between the immunocytochemical results obtained with eight SCC samples and their corresponding cell lines. Direct sequencing of PCR-amplified, reverse transcribed, p53 mRNA

JE Burns; MC Baird; LJ Clark; PA Burns; K Edington; C Chapman; R Mitchell; G Robertson; D Soutar; EK Parkinson

1993-01-01

347

Comparative Chemosensitivity Profiles in Three Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines with the ATP-Cell Viability Assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the dose-response curves for doxorubicin, pirarubicin, 5-fluoro-uracil, 4-hydroperoxy-cyclophosphamide and taxol were obtained in three breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, T47D and BT-20). The ATP cell viability assay was chosen to evaluate the chemosensitivity profiles and was a reproducible, practicable method to assess drug response in breast cancer cell lines. The IC50 values were calculated on the median

Ossi R. Koechli; Bernd-Uwe Sevin; James P. Perras; Roberto Angioli; Michael Untch; Albert Steren; Cheppail Ramachandran; Hervy E. Averette

1994-01-01

348

Establishment of cell clones with different metastatic potential from the metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma cell line MHCC97  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM To establish clone cells with different metastatic potential for the study of metastasis-related mechanisms. METHODS Cloning procedure was performed on parental hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line MHCC97, and biological characteristics of the target clones selected by in vivo screening were studied. RESULTS Two clones with high (MHCC97-H) and low (MHCC97-L) metastatic potential were isolated from the parent cell line.

Yan Li; Zhao-You Tang; Sheng-Long Ye; Yin-Kun Liu; Jie Chen; Qiong Xue; Jun Chen; Dong-Mei Gao; Wei-Hua Bao

2001-01-01

349

Presence of dopamine D-2 receptors in human tumoral cell lines  

SciTech Connect

({sup 125}I) Iodosulpride binding was examined on eight human cell lines derived from lung, breast and digestive tract carcinomas, neuroblastomas and leukemia. Specific binding was detected in five of these cell lines. In the richest cell line N417, derived from small cell lung carcinoma, ({sup 125}I) iodosulpride bound with a high affinity (Kd = 1.3 nM) to an apparently homogeneous population of binding site (Bmax = 1,606 sites per cell). These sites displayed a typical D-2 specificity, established with several dopaminergic agonists and antagonists selective of either D-1 or D-2 receptor subtypes. In addition, dopamine, apomorphine and RU 24926 distinguished high- and low-affinity sites, suggesting that the binding sites are associated with a G-protein. The biological significance and the possible diagnostic implication of the presence of D-2 receptors on these cell lines are discussed.

Sokoloff, P.; Riou, J.F.; Martres, M.P.; Schwartz, J.C. (Centre Paul Broca, Paris (France))

1989-07-31

350

Establishment and Characterization of Fibroblast Cell Line Derived from Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica).  

PubMed

The Siberian tiger ear marginal tissue fibroblast cell line (STF34) from 34 samples was successfully established using primary explants technique and cell cryoconservation technology. STF34 cells were adherent, with a population doubling time of 24?h. Chromosome analysis showed that 90.2%-91.6% of cells were diploid (2n?=?38). Isoenzyme analyses of lactate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase showed that STF34 cells had no cross-contamination with other species. Tests for cell line contamination with bacteria, fungi, viruses, and mycoplasmas were all negative. Every index of the STF34 cell line meets all the standard quality controls of American Type Culture Collection. Not only has the germline of this important Siberian tiger species been preserved at the cell level, but also valuable material had been provided for genome, postgenome, and somacloning research. PMID:24845938

Liu, Changqing; Guo, Yu; Liu, Dan; Guan, Weijun; Ma, Yuehui

2010-06-01

351

Direct elemental analysis of cancer cell lines by total reflection X-ray fluorescence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The elemental content of Cu, Fe and Zn in two human adenocarcinoma cell lines was investigated by total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectrometry. Cancer cells were sedimented directly to the quartz plates using a modified cytospin slide holder setup. Special glass stands and caps were also constructed to hold the quartz plates with the cells during the vapour-phase microwave assisted digestion. The method was validated by analysis of certified reference materials. The signal-to-noise ratio was optimized by washing the cells with different solutions. The technique was applied to the determination of Cu, Fe and Zn content of HT-29 and HCA-7 colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines. Dry mass of the centrifuged cells were determined and the elemental analysis data reported for the two cell lines were referred either to cell numbers, to the total protein content or to the dry mass.

Szoboszlai, Norbert; Réti, Andrea; Budai, Barna; Szabó, Zsuzsa; Kralovánszky, Judit; Záray, Gyula

2008-12-01

352

Establishment and characterization of 13 cell lines from a green turtle (Chelonia mydas) with fibropapillomas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Thirteen cell lines were established and characterized from brain, kidney, lung, spleen, heart, liver, gall bladder, urinary bladder, pancreas, testis, skin, and periorbital and tumor tissues of an immature male green turtle (Chelonia mydas) with fibropapillomas. Cell lines were optimally maintained at 30A? C in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. Propagation of the turtle cell lines was serum dependent, and plating efficiencies ranged from 13 to 37%. The cell lines, which have been subcultivated more than 20 times, had a doubling time of approximately 30 to 36 h. When tested for their sensitivity to several fish viruses, most of the cell lines were susceptible to a rhabdovirus, spring viremia carp virus, but refractory to channel catfish virus (a herpesvirus), infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (a birnavirus), and two other fish rhabdoviruses, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus. During in vitro subcultivation, tumor-like cell aggregates appeared in cell lines derived from lungs, testis, and periorbital and tumor tissues, and small, naked intranuclear virus particles were detected by thin-section electron microscopy. These cell lines are currently being used in attempts to isolate the putative etiologic virus of green turtle fibropapilloma.

Lu, Y.; Nerurkar, V. R.; Aguirre, A. A.; Work, T. M.; Balazs, G. H.; Yanagihara, R.

1999-01-01

353

Establishment and characterization of 13 cell lines from a green turtle (Chelonia mydas) with fibropapillomas.  

PubMed

Thirteen cell lines were established and characterized from brain, kidney, lung, spleen, heart, liver, gall bladder, urinary bladder, pancreas, testis, skin, and periorbital and tumor tissues of an immature male green turtle (Chelonia mydas) with fibropapillomas. Cell lines were optimally maintained at 30 degrees C in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. Propagation of the turtle cell lines was serum dependent, and plating efficiencies ranged from 13 to 37%. The cell lines, which have been subcultivated more than 20 times, had a doubling time of approximately 30 to 36 h. When tested for their sensitivity to several fish viruses, most of the cell lines were susceptible to a rhabdovirus, spring viremia carp virus, but refractory to channel catfish virus (a herpesvirus), infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (a birnavirus), and two other fish rhabdoviruses, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus. During in vitro subcultivation, tumor-like cell aggregates appeared in cell lines derived from lungs, testis, and periorbital and tumor tissues, and small, naked intranuclear virus particles were detected by thin-section electron microscopy. These cell lines are currently being used in attempts to isolate the putative etiologic virus of green turtle fibropapilloma. PMID:10462202

Lu, Y; Nerurkar, V R; Aguirre, A A; Work, T M; Balazs, G H; Yanagihara, R

1999-01-01

354

Human embryonic stem cell lines derived from single blastomeres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The derivation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells currently requires the destruction of ex utero embryos. A previous study in mice indicates that it might be possible to generate embryonic stem (ES) cells using a single-cell biopsy similar to that used in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), which does not interfere with the embryo's developmental potential. By growing the single blastomere

Irina Klimanskaya; Young Chung; Sandy Becker; Shi-Jiang Lu; Robert Lanza

2006-01-01

355

Role of DNA methylation in cell cycle arrest induced by Cr (VI) in two cell lines.  

PubMed

Hexavalent chromium [Cr(IV)], a well-known industrial waste product and an environmental pollutant, is recognized as a human carcinogen. But its mechanisms of carcinogenicity remain unclear, and recent studies suggest that DNA methylation may play an important role in the carcinogenesis of Cr(IV). The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of Cr(IV) on cell cycle progress, global DNA methylation, and DNA methylation of p16 gene. A human B lymphoblastoid cell line and a human lung cell line A549 were exposed to 5-15 µM potassium dichromate or 1.25-5 µg/cm² lead chromate for 2-24 hours. Cell cycle was arrested at G? phase by both compounds in 24 hours exposure group, but global hypomethylation occurred earlier than cell cycle arrest, and the hypomethylation status maintained for more than 20 hours. The mRNA expression of p16 was significantly up-regulated by Cr(IV), especially by potassium dichromate, and the mRNA expression of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK4 and CDK6) was significantly down-regulated. But protein expression analysis showed very little change of p16 gene. Both qualitative and quantitative results showed that DNA methylation status of p16 remained unchanged. Collectively, our data suggested that global hypomethylation was possibly responsible for Cr(IV)-induced G? phase arrest, but DNA methylation might not be related to up-regulation of p16 gene by Cr(IV). PMID:23940686

Lou, Jianlin; Wang, Yu; Yao, Chunji; Jin, Lingzhi; Wang, Xiuzhi; Xiao, Yun; Wu, Nanxiang; Song, Peng; Song, Yang; Tan, Yufeng; Gao, Ming; Liu, Kecheng; Zhang, Xing

2013-01-01

356

Role of DNA Methylation in Cell Cycle Arrest Induced by Cr (VI) in Two Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Hexavalent chromium [Cr(IV)], a well-known industrial waste product and an environmental pollutant, is recognized as a human carcinogen. But its mechanisms of carcinogenicity remain unclear, and recent studies suggest that DNA methylation may play an important role in the carcinogenesis of Cr(IV). The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of Cr(IV) on cell cycle progress, global DNA methylation, and DNA methylation of p16 gene. A human B lymphoblastoid cell line and a human lung cell line A549 were exposed to 5–15 µM potassium dichromate or 1.25–5 µg/cm2 lead chromate for 2–24 hours. Cell cycle was arrested at G1 phase by both compounds in 24 hours exposure group, but global hypomethylation occurred earlier than cell cycle arrest, and the hypomethylation status maintained for more than 20 hours. The mRNA expression of p16 was significantly up-regulated by Cr(IV), especially by potassium dichromate, and the mRNA expression of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK4 and CDK6) was significantly down-regulated. But protein expression analysis showed very little change of p16 gene. Both qualitative and quantitative results showed that DNA methylation status of p16 remained unchanged. Collectively, our data suggested that global hypomethylation was possibly responsible for Cr(IV) - induced G1 phase arrest,but DNA methylation might not be related to up-regulation of p16 gene by Cr(IV). PMID:23940686

Lou, Jianlin; Wang, Yu; Yao, Chunji; Jin, Lingzhi; Wang, Xiuzhi; Xiao, Yun; Wu, Nanxiang; Song, Peng; Song, Yang; Tan, Yufeng; Gao, Ming; Liu, Kecheng; Zhang, Xing

2013-01-01

357

Establishment, characterization, and successful adaptive therapy against human tumors of NKG cell, a new human NK cell line.  

PubMed

Natural killer (NK) cells play important roles in adoptive cellular immunotherapy against certain human cancers. This study aims to establish a new human NK cell line and to study its role for adoptive cancer immunotherapy. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 54 patients to establish the NK cell line. A new human NK cell line, termed as NKG, was established from a Chinese male patient with rapidly progressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. NKG cells showed LGL morphology and were phenotypically identified as CD56(bright) NK cell with CD16(-), CD27(-), CD3(-), ??TCR(-), ??TCR(-), CD4(-), CD8(-), CD19(-), CD161(-), CD45(+), CXCR4(+), CCR7(+), CXCR1(-), and CX3CR1(-). NKG cells showed high expression of adhesive molecules (CD2, CD58, CD11a, CD54, CD11b, CD11c), an array of activating receptors (NKp30, NKp44, NKp46, NKG2D, NKG2C), and cytolysis-related receptors and molecules (TRAIL, FasL, granzyme B, perforin, IFN-?). The cytotoxicity of NKG cells against tumor cells was higher than that of the established NK cell lines NK-92, NKL, and YT. NKG cell cytotoxicity depended on the presence of NKG2D and NKp30. When irradiated with 8 Gy, NKG cells were still with high cytotoxicity and activity in vitro and with safety in vivo, but without proliferation. Further, the irradiated NKG cells exhibited strong cytotoxicity against human primary ovarian cancer cells in vitro, and against human ovarian cancer in a mouse xenograft model. The adoptive transfer of NKG cells significantly inhibited the ovarian tumor growth, decreased the mortality rate and prolonged the survival, even in cases of advanced diseases. A number of NKG cells were detected in the ovarian tumor tissues during cell therapy. In use of the new human NK cell line, NKG would a promising cellular candidate for adoptive immunotherapy of human cancer. PMID:21669033

Cheng, Min; Ma, Juan; Chen, Yongyan; Zhang, Jianhua; Zhao, Weidong; Zhang, Jian; Wei, Haiming; Ling, Bin; Sun, Rui; Tian, Zhigang

2011-01-01

358

Establishment and characterization of a novel chordoma cell line: CH22.  

PubMed

Chordoma is a rare primary malignant bone tumor and there exist only a few established human chordoma cell lines. The scarcity of robust chordoma cell lines has limited the ability to study this tumor. In this report, we describe the establishment of a novel chordoma cell line and characterize its in vitro and in vivo behaviors. The tumor tissue was isolated from a patient with recurrent chordoma of the sacrum. After 6 months in culture, the chordoma cell line, referred here as CH22, was established. Microscopic analysis of two-dimensional culture confirmed that the CH22 cells exhibited a typical vacuolated cytoplasm similar to the well-established chordoma cell line U-CH1. Electron microscopy showed cohesive cells with numerous surface filopodia, pockets of glycogen and aggregates of intermediate tonofilaments in cytoplasm. Three-dimensional culture revealed that the CH22 cells could grow and form clusters by day 8. The MTT assays demonstrated that, compared with sensitive osteosarcoma cell lines, CH22 cells were relatively resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic drugs. Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis confirmed that the CH22 cells expressed brachyury, vimentin, and cytokeratin. Finally, histological analysis of CH22 xenograft tumor tissues demonstrated the appearance of physaliphorous cells and positive staining of brachyury, cytokeratin, and S100. By CT and MRI, imaging xenografts showed the typical appearances seen in human chordomas. These findings suggest that the established novel human chordoma cell line CH22 and its tumorigenecity in SCID nude mice may serve as an important model for studying chordoma cell biology and the development of new therapeutic modalities. PMID:22504929

Liu, Xianzhe; Nielsen, Gunnlager Petur; Rosenberg, Andrew E; Waterman, Peter R; Yang, Wen; Choy, Edwin; Sassi, Slim; Yang, Shuhua; Harmon, David C; Yang, Cao; Schwab, Joseph H; Kobayashi, Eisuke; Mankin, Henry J; Xavier, Ramnik; Weissleder, Ralph; Duan, Zhenfeng; Hornicek, Francis J

2012-10-01

359

Cytometric comparisons between circulating tumor cells from prostate cancer patients and the prostate tumor derived LNCaP cell line  

PubMed Central

Many important experiments in cancer research are initiated with cell line data analysis due to the ease of accessibility and utilization. Recently, the ability to capture and characterize circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has become more prevalent in the research setting. This ability to detect, isolate, and analyze CTCs allows us to directly compare specific protein expression levels found in patient CTCs to cell lines. In this study, we use immunocytochemistry to compare the protein expression levels of total cytokeratin (CK) and androgen receptor (AR) in CTCs and cell lines from patients with prostate cancer to determine what translational insights might be gained through the use of cell line data. A non-enrichment CTC detection assay enables us to compare cytometric features and relative expression levels of CK and AR by indirect immunofluorescence from prostate cancer patients against the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. We measured physical characteristics of these two groups and observed significant differences in cell size, fluorescence intensity, and nuclear to cytoplasmic (N/C) ratio. We hope that these experiments will initiate a foundation to allow cell line data to be compared against characteristics of primary cells from patients. PMID:22306736

Lazar, Daniel C.; Cho, Edward H.; Luttgen, Madelyn S.; Metzner, Thomas J.; Uson, Maria Loressa; Torrey, Melissa; Gross, Mitchell E.; Kuhn, Peter

2012-01-01

360

Relationship between p53 status and 5-fluorouracil sensitivity in 3 cell lines.  

PubMed

Mouse lymphoma L5178Ytk+/- (MOLY) cells and human lymphoblastoid TK6 and WTK-1 cells are widely used to detect mutagens in vitro. MOLY and WTK-1 cells have a p53 mutation, while TK6 cells, which were derived from the same parental line as WTK-1 cells, do not. In this study, we tested the clastogen 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the Tk assay and the in vitro micronucleus (MN) assay in MOLY, TK6, and WTK-1 cells to clarify whether differential responses were related to p53 gene status. We also determined the effect of 5-FU on the frequency of apoptotic cells and on cell cycle distribution in each cell line. Furthermore, we measured the activity of the 5-FU metabolizing enzymes (thymidylate synthetase (TS), dihydrouracil dehydrogenase (DPD), orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP)) in each cell line. We treated MOLY cells with 1.0-8.0 microg/mL 5-FU for 3 h and TK6 and WTK-1 cells with 1.56-25 and 3.13-50 microg/mL, respectively, for 4 h. In MOLY cells, the mutation frequency (MF) and MN frequency increased. In WTK-1 cells, the MN frequency but not the MF increased. In TK6 cells, neither the MF nor the MN frequency increased. Furthermore, the IC50 of 5-FU was lower in MOLY cells than in the human cells. The response to 5-FU treatment differed in other ways as well. At the same level of cytotoxicity, the frequency of apoptotic cell was highest in TK6 cells. The cell cycle was delayed just after treatment in MOLY cells while the delay appeared 24 h later in TK6 and WTK-1 cells. Nothing in our analysis, however, revealed marked differences between the cell lines that could account for the severe cytotoxic and mutagenic responses that 5-FU elicited only in MOLY cells. 5-FU is phosphorylated by OPRT and TP and detoxified by DPD. MOLY cells have higher OPRT activity and markedly lower DPD and TP activity than TK6 and WTK-1 cells. The content of TS, however, the target enzyme of 5-FU, was similar in all cell lines, suggesting that 5-FU was more readily phosphorylated and less readily detoxified in MOLY cells than in TK6 and WTK-1 cells. MOLY cells were more sensitive to 5-FU than WTK-1 cells even though both have a mutated p53 gene, suggesting that the different responses to 5-FU were due to differences in 5-FU metabolism rather than the p53 status. PMID:16584912

Oka, Hiroaki; Ikeda, Kazumasa; Yoshimura, Hiromi; Ohuchida, Akinobu; Honma, Masamitsu

2006-07-14