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1

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire: Spanish for Puerto Rico Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire to Spanish for Puerto Rico. Five steps were followed for the cross-cultural adaptation: forward translations into Spanish for Puerto Rico, synthesis of the translations, back translations into English, revision by…

Mulero-Portela, Ana L.; Colon-Santaella, Carmen L.; Cruz-Gomez, Cynthia

2009-01-01

2

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire: Spanish for Puerto Rico Version  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire to Spanish for Puerto Rico. Five steps were followed for the cross-cultural adaptation: forward translations into Spanish for Puerto Rico, synthesis of the translations, back translations into English, revision by an expert committee, and field test of the prefinal version. Psychometric characteristics of reliability and construct validity were evaluated for the final version. Internal consistency of the final version was high (Cronbach's ? = 0.97) and item-to-total correlations were moderate (range from 0.44 to 0.85). Construct validity was evaluated by correlating the DASH with the scales of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast. Fair to moderate correlations found in this study between the DASH and most scales of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast support the construct validity of the Puerto Rico-Spanish DASH. The final version of the questionnaire was revised and approved by the Institute for Work and Health of Canada. Revisions to the original DASH English version are recommended. This version of the DASH is valid and reliable, and it can be used to evaluate outcomes in both clinical and research settings. PMID:19901616

Mulero-Portela, Ana L.; Colón-Santaella, Carmen L.; Cruz-Gomez, Cynthia

2010-01-01

3

78 FR 35098 - Proposed Information Collection (Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2900-NEW] Proposed Information Collection (Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire...refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Hand or Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire...forms of information technology. Title: Hand and Finger Disability Benefits...

2013-06-11

4

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--QUESTIONNAIRES (ENGLISH AND SPANISH FORMAT)  

EPA Science Inventory

The questionnaires used for the Arizona Border Study were prepared in English and Spanish formats. The Spanish format of the questionnaires was translated, back-translated, and tested on a group of local Spanish speakers with a goal of providing a translation in colloquial Spanis...

5

A Spanish Version of the Expectations about Counseling Questionnaire: Translation and Validation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes two studies conducted for the development and validation of a Spanish version of the Expectations about Counseling (EAC) questionnaire. Administered English and Spanish versions to bilingual university students and bilingual nonstudents. Results suggest that the Spanish version of the EAC is a reliable and valid translation for students…

Buhrke, Robin A.; Jorge, Michael

1992-01-01

6

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-S), originally developed by Garnefski, Kraaij, and Spinhoven. To date, it is the only available instrument that permits a conceptually pure quantification of cognitive strategies of emotional regulation. A sample of 615 students (25…

Dominguez-Sanchez, Francisco J.; Lasa-Aristu, Amaia; Amor, Pedro J.; Holgado-Tello, Francisco P.

2013-01-01

7

Spanish version of the screening Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire: a cross-cultural adaptation and validation.  

PubMed

BackgroundSpanish is one of the five most spoken languages in the world. There is currently no published Spanish version of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (OMPQ). The aim of the present study is to describe the process of translating the OMPQ into Spanish and to perform an analysis of reliability, internal structure, internal consistency and concurrent criterion-related validity.MethodsDesign: Translation and psychometric testing. Procedure: Two independent translators translated the OMPQ into Spanish. From both translations a consensus version was achieved. A backward translation was made to verify and resolve any semantic or conceptual problems. A total of 104 patients (67 men/37 women) with a mean age of 53.48 (±11.63), suffering from chronic musculoskeletal disorders, twice completed a Spanish version of the OMPQ. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the reliability, the internal structure, internal consistency and concurrent criterion-related validity with reference to the gold standard questionnaire SF-12v2.ResultsAll variables except ¿Coping¿ showed a rate above 0.85 on reliability. The internal structure calculation through exploratory factor analysis indicated that 75.2% of the variance can be explained with six components with an eigenvalue higher than 1 and 52.1% with only three components higher than 10% of variance explained. In the concurrent criterion-related validity, several significant correlations were seen close to 0.6, exceeding that value in the correlation between general health and total value of the OMPQ.ConclusionsThe Spanish version of the screening questionnaire OMPQ can be used to identify Spanish patients with musculoskeletal pain at risk of developing a chronic disability. PMID:25358630

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio; González-Sánchez, Manuel

2014-10-29

8

Validation of the spanish version of the multiple sclerosis international quality of life (musiqol) questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The Multiple Sclerosis International Quality Of Life (MusiQoL) questionnaire, a 31-item, multidimensional, self-administrated questionnaire that is available in 14 languages including Spanish, has been validated using a large international sample. We investigated the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of MusiQoL in Spain. Methods Consecutive patients with different types and severities of multiple sclerosis (MS) were recruited from 22 centres across Spain. All patients completed the MusiQoL questionnaire, the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) health survey, and a symptoms checklist at baseline and 21 days later. External validity, internal consistency, reliability and reproducibility were tested. Results A total of 224 Spanish patients were evaluated. Dimensions of MusiQoL generally demonstrated a high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.70-0.92 for all but two MusiQoL domain scores). External validity testing revealed that the MusiQoL index score correlated significantly with all SF-36 dimension scores (Pearson's correlation: 0.46-0.76), reproducibility was satisfactory (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.60-0.91), acceptability was high, and the time taken to complete the 31-item questionnaire was reasonable (mean [standard deviation]: 9.8 [11.8] minutes). Conclusions The Spanish version of the MusiQoL questionnaire appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for measuring quality of life in patients with MS in Spain and constitutes a useful instrument to measure health-related quality of life in the clinical setting. PMID:22013975

2011-01-01

9

Factor structure analysis of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol - Spanish questionnaire among adolescents in Mexico  

E-print Network

FACTOR STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL - SPANISH QUESTIONNAIRE AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN MEXICO A Thesis by CLAUDIA GRACIELA FLATO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... IN MEXICO A Thesis by CLAUDIA GRACIELA FLATO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee...

Flato, Claudia Graciela

2007-09-17

10

Validation of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) in a sample of Spanish women.  

PubMed

The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) was developed to measure eating styles that may contribute to or attenuate the development of overweight. It comprises three scales that measure emotional, external and restrained eating. The main goal of this study is to evaluate the internal structure of the Spanish version of the DEBQ using updated psychometric techniques in a sample of women. A sample of 647 Spanish females answered the questionnaire. Both exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used to evaluate the factor structure of the DEBQ. Reliabilities were estimated with Cronbach's alpha. The relations between the subscales of the DEBQ and age, BMI, and scores on the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT) and the Restrained Scale-Revised (RS) were computed with Pearson correlations. Results showed that the internal structure was similar to the theoretical proposal, although items associated with boredom and idleness presented cross-loading problems. The reliability estimates were satisfactory. The Emotional and External Eating factors correlated with the BMI, and External Eating was negatively correlated with age. The Restraint factor of the DEBQ showed significant relationships with scales of the EAT-26 and RS. The dimensional validity of the DEBQ is reproduced in a Spanish sample, and the DEBQ seems to be an effective instrument for research in Spanish females. Minor modifications to the DEBQ are recommended. PMID:24177441

Cebolla, A; Barrada, J R; van Strien, T; Oliver, E; Baños, R

2014-02-01

11

Establishing Measurement Invariance: English and Spanish Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Registered nurses and nurse researchers often use questionnaires to measure patient outcomes. When questionnaires or other multiple item instruments have been developed using a relatively homogeneous sample, the suitability of even a psychometrically well-developed instrument for the new population comes into question. Bias or lack of equivalence can be introduced into instruments through differences in perceptions of the meaning of the measured items, constructs, or both, in the two groups. Objective To explain measurement invariance and illustrate how it can be tested using the English and Spanish versions of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Method A sample of 607 children from the Phoenix Children's Hospital Breathmobile was selected for this analysis. Ages were 6 to 18 years in age; 61.2% completed the PAQLQ in Spanish. Testing measurement invariance using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, a series of hierarchical nested models, is demonstrated. In assessing the adequacy of the fit of each model at each stage, both ?2 tests and goodness-of-fit indexes were used. Results The test of measurement invariance for the one-factor model showed that the English and Spanish versions of the scale met the criteria for measurement invariance. The level of strict invariance (equal factor loadings, intercepts, and residual variances between groups) was achieved. Discussion Confirmatory factor analysis is used to evaluate the structural integrity of a measurement instrument; multiple confirmatory factor analyses are used to assess measurement invariance across different groups, and to stamp the data as valid or invalid. The PAQLQ, a widely used instrument having evidence to support reliability and validity was used separately in English- and Spanish-speaking groups. Traditional methods for evaluating measurement instruments have been less than thorough, and this paper demonstrates a well-developed approach allowing for confident comparisons between populations. PMID:22551991

Sousa, Karen H.; West, Stephen G.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Harris, Judy A.; Cook, Susanne W.

2012-01-01

12

Assessing workplace bullying: Spanish validation of a reduced version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to validate a reduced Spanish version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ; Einarsen & Raknes, 1997). This instrument, which has been widely used in various studies, was developed to measure workplace bullying. Two samples, the first comprising 352 employees from 11 organizations, and the second comprising victims of bullying who were recruited from 15 Spanish associations against bullying, participated in the study. Exploratory factor analysis conducted with the data from the first sample revealed a two-factor solution that accounted for 63.3% of the total variance. The data from the second sample were used for confirmatory factor analyses to compare three structure models of the NAQ (one factor, two independent factors, and two correlated factors). The results indicate that the correlated two-factor model provided the best fit to the data (chi2/df = 2.1, CFI = .93, GFI = .95, RMR = .04, RMSEA = .06, AIC = 215.4). Reliability analysis showed that this 14-item Spanish version had high internal consistency. Significant correlations between the NAQ and its dimensions and diverse health and perceived stress scales were found, which provided evidence of construct validity. Taken conjointly, the results of this study support the use of the Spanish version of the reduced NAQ in future research. PMID:17992971

Moreno Jiménez, Bernardo; Rodríguez Muñioz, Alfredo; Martínez Gamarra, Marino; Gálvez Herrer, Macarena

2007-11-01

13

Cross-cultural adaptation, validation, and reliability of the michigan hand outcomes questionnaire among persian population.  

PubMed

We aimed to validate a cross-culturally adapted version of the Persian Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHOQ). We followed the Beaton's guideline to translate the questionnaire to Persian. We administered the final version to 223 patients among which 79 patients returned 3 days later to respond to the Persian MHOQ for the second time. In the first visit, respondents also filled the Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and rated the pain based on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Cronbach's alpha for the total MHOQ was 0.79 which showed good internal consistency. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the total MHOQ was 0.84 which demonstrated good reliability between test and retest. The absolute correlation coefficient between total MHOQ and the DASH was as high as 0.74. Persian version of the MHOQ proved to be a reliable and valid instrument to be implemented among Persian population with the hand and wrist disorders. PMID:25609271

Ebrahimzadeh, Mohammad H; Birjandinejad, Ali; Kachooei, Amir Reza

2015-01-01

14

Development and validation of a Spanish translation of the Yale activity questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Valid measures of physical activity are critical research tools. The objective of this study was to develop a Spanish translation of the Yale Physical Activity Survey, and to provide preliminary evidence of its validity in a population of Dominican patients with lower extremity arthritis. Methods A Dominican bilingual health care professional translated the Yale Physical Activity Survey (YPAS) from English to Spanish. Several Dominican adults reviewed the translation to ensure it was linguistically and culturally appropriate. The questionnaire was back-translated to English by a North American researcher who is fluent in Spanish. Discrepancies between the original and back-translated versions were resolved by the translator and back-translator. The Spanish translation was administered to 108 Dominican subjects with advanced hip or knee arthritis prior to (N = 44) or one to four years following (N = 64) total joint replacement. We assessed construct validity by examining the association of YPAS scores and measures of functional status and pain (WOMAC), quality of life (EQ-5D) and the number of painful lower extremity joints. Results A higher YPAS Part II Activity Dimensions Summary Index score had weak to modest correlations with worse function and quality of life as measured with the WOMAC function scale (r = 0.21, p = 0.03), SF-36 Physical Activity Scale (r = 0.29, p = 0.004) and EQ-5D (r = 0.34, p = 0.0007). Total minutes of vigorous activity and walking had weak to modest correlation with these measures (WOMAC Function Scale (r = 0.15, p = 0.15), SF-36 Physical Activity Scale (r = 0.21, p = 0.04) and EQ-5D utility (r = 0.24, p = 0.02)). Correlations between the YPAS Part I energy expenditure score and these measures were lower (WOMAC Function Scale (r = 0.07, p = 0.49), SF-36 Physical Activity Scale (r = 0.03, p = 0.74) and EQ-5D utility (r = 0.18, p = 0.07)). Conclusions We have developed a new Spanish translation of the Yale Physical Activity Survey and provided evidence of convergent validity in a sample of Dominican patients prior to or 1–4 years following total joint replacement. PMID:24708590

2014-01-01

15

[Responsiveness to the change in the Work Performance Questionnaire (Spanish version) in a working population].  

PubMed

The objective of this paper is to examine the responsiveness of the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (Spanish version) ( WRFQ-SpV) so that it could be used in evaluative studies. For this purpose a longitudinal survey was performed. Combinations of distributions-and anchor- based approaches were used. Five hypotheses were tested, examining validity of change scores. The consensus-based standards for the selection of health status measurement instruments (COSMIN) guided the study design. One hundred and two participants (mean age, 47.3 years; SD=10.3 years) completed the WRFQ-SpV twice, within a mean interval of 3.7 ( SD=1.8) months. Four hypotheses were confirmed and one was rejected . It was verified that the WRFQ-SpV was able to detect (true) changes over time. In conclusion, suggestive evidence about the possible use if the WRFQ-SpV with evaluative purposes was provided. More research is needed to examine the instrument responsiveness for groups whose health is stable or deteriorates. PMID:24851276

Ramada, José María

2014-01-01

16

Examining the Factor Structure and Discriminant Validity of the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) Among Spanish Postpartum Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors tested alternative factor models of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in a sample of Spanish postpartum women, using confirmatory factor analysis. The authors report the results of modeling three different methods for scoring the GHQ-12 using estimation methods recommended for categorical and binary data.…

Aguado, Jaume; Campbell, Alistair; Ascaso, Carlos; Navarro, Purificacion; Garcia-Esteve, Lluisa; Luciano, Juan V.

2012-01-01

17

The Spanish version of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ): Metric characteristics and equivalence with the original version  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ), developed by Juniper etal., assesses the impact of asthma on children's daily life. It contains 23 items, covering three dimensions: symptoms, activities limitation and emotional function. Aims: To develop an equivalent Spanish version of the PAQLQ, and to assess its measurement characteristics. Methods: The forward and back-translation method was used for the

E. Tauler; G. Vilagut; G. Grau; A. González; E. Sánchez; G. Figueras; O. Vall; M. Ferrer; J. Alonso

2001-01-01

18

The Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) after 15 years of field trial  

PubMed Central

Background The Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) has been used to assess a variety of hand and upper extremity injuries and conditions for nearly 15 years. It has been included in several overviews of upper extremity outcomes measures, but it has not been systematically examined regarding its clinimetric properties during field trials. Methods We conducted a review of the MHQ in the English language literature from 1998 through March 2012. Data from clinical studies were abstracted and compiled. Results The MHQ has been used in 58 clinical studies and its clinimetric properties have been analyzed in an additional 18 publications. The MHQ compares favorably with other hand outcomes instruments in the areas of test-retest reliability, validity, and responsiveness. High internal consistency may indicate redundancy within the items in the MHQ. The strength of the MHQ is its multidimensional construct in measuring patient-rated outcomes in symptom, function, aesthetics, and satisfaction. Conclusions The MHQ has been applied across a variety of conditions affecting the hand and upper limb. Its psychometric properties have been tested through field trials in various clinical settings around the world. Level of Evidence Systematic Review; Level II PMID:23629117

Shauver, Melissa J.; Chung, Kevin C.

2013-01-01

19

Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn the Spanish words of nature by watching a video and filling in a worksheet and then review phrases. Students will conduct a search for weather inn Spanish. Materials needed: 1. Computer with the Internet 2. Worksheet Processes: Students will watch a movie and then do a worksheet filling out the meaning of the words. Then students will receive a worksheet that will help them learn the phrases in Spanish. Students will use Learn Spanish ...

Mr. Jones / Mr. Carlisle

2007-11-30

20

Factorial Invariance of the Questionnaire about Interpersonal Difficulties for Adolescents across Spanish and Chinese Adolescent Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Questionnaire about Interpersonal Difficulties for Adolescents (QIDA) is a self-report instrument designed to measure adolescents' perceived interpersonal anxiety levels in a wide range of relationships with people of different ages, genders, levels of authority, and levels of intimacy and in several contexts: family, school, friends, opposite…

Ingles, Candido J.; Marzo, Juan C.; Hidalgo, Maria D.; Zhou, Xinyue; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.

2008-01-01

21

Assessing face validity of a physical activity questionnaire for Spanish-speaking women in California  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Background: A review of the literature produced no rigorously tested and validated Spanish-language physical activity survey or evaluation tools for use by USDA’s food assistance and education programs. The purpose of the current study was to develop and evaluate the face validity of a visually enha...

22

Family Quality of Life: Adaptation to Spanish Population of Several Family Support Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The concept of family quality of life has emerged as a decisive construct in the last decades to improve the capabilities of families and to assess the outcomes of the services and supports they get. The goal of this research is to adapt three instruments to the Spanish population: the "Beach Center Family Quality of Life Scale", the…

Balcells-Balcells, A.; Gine, C.; Guardia-Olmos, J.; Summers, J. A.

2011-01-01

23

Measuring functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis—content comparison of questionnaires based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. When selecting a questionnaire, researchers and clinicians need to know whether or not a questionnaire covers the relevant outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the content of questionnaires that have been used to assess functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA) based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Questionnaires

Tanja Stamm; Szilvia Geyh; Alarcos Cieza; Klaus Machold; Barbara Kollerits; Margreet Kloppenburg; Josef Smolen; Gerold Stucki

2006-01-01

24

How we compensate for memory loss in old age: adapting and validating the Memory Compensation Questionnaire (MCQ) for Spanish populations.  

PubMed

Compensating entails using external strategies and mechanisms that help overcome or alleviate the decreasing memory function that comes with age. This study aims to adapt and validate the MCQ in the elderly Spanish population. A total of 403 elderly people aged between 65 and 92 in the city of Valencia (Spain) completed the questionnaire for the validation process. The factorial validity of the scale was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The result showed a first order five-factor model with 23 items that met the criteria for model fit according to multiple fit indices. As a general conclusion, the adaptation into Spanish provided a reliable and valid measure of compensation in the elderly population, and it could potentially be useful in both clinical practice and research in the elderly. PMID:22818339

Meléndez, Juan Carlos; Mayordomo, Teresa; Sales, Alicia; Cantero, María José; Viguer, Paz

2013-01-01

25

78 FR 68907 - Agency Information Collection (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2900-NEW] Agency Information Collection (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits...refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900- NEW (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits...refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability...

2013-11-15

26

Factorial Invariance and Latent Mean Differences of Scores on the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire across Gender and Age in a Sample of Spanish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factorial invariance and latent mean differences of scores on the Spanish version of the "Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire" (AGTQ) across gender and age groups in 2022 Spanish students (51.1% boys) in grades 7 through 10. The equality of factor structures was compared using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses.…

Ingles, Candido J.; Marzo, Juan C.; Castejon, Juan L.; Nunez, Jose Carlos; Valle, Antonio; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.; Delgado, Beatriz

2011-01-01

27

Reliability and Validity Evidence of Scores on the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire in a Sample of Spanish Students of Compulsory Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the reliability and validity evidence drawn from the scores of the Spanish version of the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) using a sample of 2,022 (51.1% boys) Spanish students from grades 7 to 10. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the correlated three-factor structure of the AGTQ in this sample: Learning…

Ingles, Candido J.; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.; Castejon, Juan L.; Valle, Antonio; Delgado, Beatriz; Marzo, Juan C.

2009-01-01

28

Comparison of the Web-Based and Digital Questionnaires of the Spanish and Catalan Versions of the KIDSCREEN-52  

PubMed Central

Background The objectives of the study were to develop web-based Spanish and Catalan versions of the KIDSCREEN, and to compare scores and psychometric properties with the paper version. Methods Internet and paper Spanish and Catalan versions of the KIDSCREEN-52 were included in a cross-sectional study in school-age children. Web-based and paper Spanish or Catalan versions of the KIDSCREEN-52 were administered to students aged 8 to 18 years from primary and secondary schools in Palafolls (Barcelona, Spain, n?=?923). All students completed both web-based and paper versions during school time with an interval of at least 2 hours between administrations. The order of administration was randomized. The KIDSCREEN-52, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and sociodemographic variables were collected. Missing values, floor and ceiling effects, and internal consistency were compared between both versions, as well as mean score differences, level of agreement, and known groups and construct validity. Results Participation rate was 77% (n?=?715). Web-based and paper versions showed low percentage of missing values and similar high ceiling effect (range 0 to 44%). Mean score differences showed an effect size (ES) lower than 0.2 in all dimensions. Internal consistency ranged from 0.7 to 0.88, and degree of agreement was excellent (Intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] range 0.75 to 0.87). Expected differences were seen by sex, age, socioeconomic status and mental health status. Conclusions The web-based KIDSCREEN-52 showed similar scale score and reliability and validity than the paper version. It will incorporate the child population in the assessment of quality of life providing a more attractive format. PMID:25479465

Rajmil, Luis; Robles, Noemí; Rodriguez-Arjona, Dolors; Azuara, Marta; Codina, Francisco; Raat, Hein; Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike

2014-01-01

29

Use of a three-day estimated food record, a 72-hour recall and a food-frequency questionnaire for dietary assessment in a Mediterranean Spanish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To assess the validity and the short-term reproducibility of a semi-quantitative, self-administrated food frequency questionnaire and a structured 72-hour recall in a Mediterranean Spanish population.Methods: 44 free-living volunteers participated in the study. Macronutrient, vitamin and mineral intake, recorded on the food frequency questionnaire and the structured 72-h recall were compared with intakes derived from a three-day food record (reference

H. SCHRÖDER; M. I. COVAS; J. MARRUGAT; J. VILA; A. PENA; M. ALCÁNTARA; R. MASIÁ

2001-01-01

30

Cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire across Spanish and American college students.  

PubMed

The main goal of this study was to examine the cross-cultural invariance of the factor structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) (Raine, 1991) in two large samples of Spanish and American young adults. The final sample was made up of 2313 college students (508 men, 22%). Their mean age was 20.5 years (S.D.=3.2). The results indicated that the Stefanis et al. (2004) four-factor model yielded the best goodness-of-fit indices compared to alternative models. Moreover, the results support configural, metric, and partial measurement invariance of the covariances of the SPQ across the two samples. The finding of measurement equivalence across cultures provides essential evidence of construct validity for the schizotypy dimensions and of the cross-cultural validity of SPQ scores. The finding of comparable dimensional structures in cross-cultural samples lends further support to the continuum model of schizotypy and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Future studies should continue to examine the validity of scores on the SPQ and other schizotypy measures and their variation or consistency across cultures. PMID:25412981

Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Compton, Michael T; Tone, Erin B; Ortuño-Sierra, Javier; Paino, Mercedes; Fumero, Ascensión; Lemos-Giráldez, Serafín

2014-08-13

31

Factorial invariance and latent mean differences of scores on the achievement goal tendencies questionnaire across gender and age in a sample of Spanish students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the factorial invariance and latent mean differences of scores on the Spanish version of the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) across gender and age groups in 2022 Spanish students (51.1% boys) in grades 7 through 10. The equality of factor structures was compared using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses. Measurement invariance for the correlated three-factor model of the

Candido J. Ingles; Juan C. Marzo; Juan L. Castejon; Jose Carlos Nuñez; Antonio Valle; Jose M. Garcia-Fernandez; Beatriz Delgado

2011-01-01

32

The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire: Testing for Measurement Invariance and Latent Mean Differences in Spanish and Portuguese Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the theoretical framework of achievement goals (Nicholls, 1989), Duda and Nicholls (see Duda, 1989; Duda & Whitehead, 1998) developed the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) to assess individual differences in achievement goal orientations. This study searches for validity evidence of the TEOSQ in the case of Spanish

Castillo, Isabel; Tomas, Ines; Balaguer, Isabel; Fonseca, Antonio M.; Dias, Claudia; Duda, Joan L.

2010-01-01

33

Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire among caregivers of patients with eating disorders.  

PubMed

The Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) was developed to evaluate burden among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. We aimed to examine its psychometric properties among caregivers of patients with eating disorders (ED). A prospective study was carried out, recruiting caregivers of patients with an ED attending two outpatient clinics in Bizkaia, Spain. Caregivers provided sociodemographic information and completed the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Short-Form 12 (SF-12) and the Anorectic Behaviour Observation Scale (ABOS). The same information was requested one year later. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) provided satisfactory fit indexes. Almost all of the factor loadings were above 0.40. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were mostly superior to 0.70. The correlation coefficients between the IEQ domains and the other questionnaires were lower than the Cronbach's alpha coefficients. Known-groups validity was supported by significant differences in the IEQ mean scores according to certain variables, as contact hours, living with the patient, type of caregiver and gender. The indexes employed for the evaluation of responsiveness were between 0.13 and 0.99. The IEQ has good psychometric properties and can be used to evaluate burden among caregivers of patients with ED. PMID:22884308

González, Nerea; Bilbao, Amaia; Padierna, Angel; Martín, Josune; Orive, Miren; Quintana, José M

2012-12-30

34

[The Questionnaire of Experiences Associated with Video games (CERV): An instrument to detect the problematic use of video games in Spanish adolescents].  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to validate the Video Game-Related Experiences Questionnaire (CERV in Spanish). The questionnaire consists of 17 items, developed from the CERI (Internet-Related Experiences Questionnaire - Beranuy and cols.), and assesses the problematic use of non-massive video games. It was validated for adolescents in Compulsory Secondary Education. To validate the questionnaire, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and an internal consistency analysis were carried out. The factor structure shows two factors: (a) Psychological dependence and use for evasion; and (b) Negative consequences of using video games. Two cut-off points were established for people with no problems in their use of video games (NP), with potential problems in their use of video games (PP), and with serious problems in their use of video games (SP). Results show that there is higher prevalence among males and that problematic use decreases with age. The CERV seems to be a good instrument for the screening of adolescents with difficulties deriving from video game use. Further research should relate problematic video game use with difficulties in other life domains, such as the academic field. PMID:25578001

Chamarro, Andres; Carbonell, Xavier; Manresa, Josep Maria; Munoz-Miralles, Raquel; Ortega-Gonzalez, Raquel; Lopez-Morron, M Rosa; Batalla-Martinez, Carme; Toran-Monserrat, Pere

2014-01-01

35

Convergence between the 1990 and 2010 ACR diagnostic criteria and validation of the Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ).  

PubMed

(1) To assess the degree of convergence between the 1990 and 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) diagnostic criteria; (2) To evaluate the validity and reliability of the 2010 ACR criteria; (3) To validate the Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ); and (4) To assess the utility of the FSQ to differentiate fibromyalgia (FM) subgroups by disease severity. In the first study, agreement between the 1990 and 2010 ACR criteria for FM diagnosis was analyzed in a sample of 80 FM patients and 59 healthy controls. Algometry (mean threshold and tender points count) and the 2010 ACR indices [Symptom Severity Scale (SSS), Widespread Index (WPI) and Polysymptomatic Distress Scale (PSD)] were correlated with the key symptoms of FM and with indices of disease interference and quality of life. In a second study, we evaluated the validity and internal consistency of the Spanish version of the FSQ, as well as its ability to discriminate between groups of FM patients with low and high symptom severity. There is good agreement between the 1990 and 2010 ACR criteria for FM diagnosis. The 2010 ACR indices (SSS, WPI and PSD) demonstrated very adequate construct validity and appeared to be useful in the assessment of disease severity and global impact of FM. The FSQ had good internal consistency and validity and showed 100 % concordance with 2010 ACR criteria applied by a clinician. In addition, the FSQ proved to be useful in differentiating FM severity subgroups. PMID:24952419

Carrillo-de-la-Peña, M T; Triñanes, Y; González-Villar, A; Romero-Yuste, S; Gómez-Perretta, C; Arias, M; Wolfe, F

2015-01-01

36

Psychometric Properties of Spanish Version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (Tfeq-Sp) and Its Relationship with Some Eating- and Body Image-Related Variables  

PubMed Central

The aims of this study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (TFEQ-SP), as well as determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TFEQ-SP with different parameters related to body mass index, weight perception, perception of physical fitness, self-esteem, and food intake, as well as with weight control-related variables. A total of 281 participants (aged 18.38 ± 6.31) were studied. The factor analysis yielded three factors: cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE). The internal consistency of the TFEQ-SP was determined by means of Cronbach’s ? coefficient, with values ranging between 0.75 and 0.87. Higher scores on CR were found in women (p < 0.5), overweight/obese participants (p < 0.001), participants with lower self-esteem (p < 0.05), participants who overestimated their weight (p < 0.001), participants who weighed themselves frequently (p < 0.001) and those who were about to go on a diet (p < 0.001). Higher EE scores were found in participants with lower self-esteem scores (p < 0.05), among participants with a poorer perception of their physical fitness (p < 0.01) and when participants were about to diet (p < 0.05). Higher scores on UE were observed in case of poorer perception of physical fitness (p < 0.05). The validation study of the TFEQ-SP meets the requirements for measuring the three different facets of eating behavior: CR, UE, and EE. PMID:25486370

Jáuregui-Lobera, Ignacio; García-Cruz, Patricia; Carbonero-Carreño, Rocío; Magallares, Alejandro; Ruiz-Prieto, Inmaculada

2014-01-01

37

Accuracy of Patient Recall of Hand and Elbow Disability on the QuickDASH Questionnaire Over a Two-Year Period  

PubMed Central

Background: Patient self-reporting questionnaires such as the QuickDASH, a shortened version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) outcome measure, are critical to current orthopaedic outcomes research. The use of these questionnaires could introduce recall bias in retrospective, case-control, and cross-sectional studies if no preoperative data has been collected prior to study inception. The purpose of this study was to quantify recall accuracy on the QuickDASH questionnaire as a function of the duration of the recall interval. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 140 patients with nontraumatic hand and elbow diseases. Patients were stratified into groups of thirty-five based on the time since their initial office visit (three months, six months, twelve months, or twenty-four months). All patients had completed the QuickDASH as part of a standard intake form at the time of the initial office visit (actual baseline score). Patients were contacted by phone and asked to recall their upper extremity disability from the time of the initial office visit with use of the QuickDASH questionnaire. Patients also completed the QuickDASH to rate their current disability. Actual and recalled QuickDASH scores for each group were statistically compared. Kruskal-Wallis analysis was used to determine any differences in recall accuracy between the groups. Pearson correlation coefficients quantified relations between recall accuracy and patient age and current function (absolute QuickDASH scores). Results: Mean differences between recalled QuickDASH scores and actual scores were all less than the QuickDASH minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of 13 points at different time points: three months (–7.1, p < 0.01), six months (0.8, p = 0.79), twelve months (–2.3, p = 0.43), and twenty-four months (–2.8, p = 0.26). There were no significant differences in recall accuracy across the four groups (p = 0.77). Recalled QuickDASH scores were highly correlated with actual baseline values (rp ? 0.74). Recall accuracy was neither correlated with patient age nor current QuickDASH scores (rp ? 0.04). Conclusions: Patients with a nontraumatic hand or elbow diagnosis are able to recall prior level of function accurately for up to two years with the QuickDASH questionnaire. Although data collected prospectively remain optimal, our data suggest that research conducted with use of recalled QuickDASH scores produces reliable assessment of disability from common upper extremity diagnoses with acceptable recall bias. Level of Evidence: Diagnostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:24257676

Stepan, Jeffrey G.; London, Daniel A.; Boyer, Martin I.; Calfee, Ryan P.

2013-01-01

38

Wash Your Hands  

MedlinePLUS

... What's this? Submit Button CDC Features Wash Your Hands Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Keeping hands ... more about when and how to wash your hands. When should you wash your hands? Before , during, ...

39

Reliability and validity of the Norwegian version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background Patient-rated outcome measures (PROMs) are an important part of clinical decision-making in rehabilitation of patients with shoulder pain. The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was designed to measure physical disability and symptoms in patients with musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity and is one the most commonly used outcome measures for patients with shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Norwegian version of the DASH in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. Methods Sixty-three patients diagnosed with shoulder impingement syndrome at an orthopaedic outpatient clinic were included in the study. Internal consistency of the DASH was evaluated by the Cronbach’s alpha and item-to-total correlations. Test-retest reliability was analyzed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and limits of agreement (LoA) according to the Bland Altman method. Standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimally detectable change (MDC) were calculated for the total DASH score. Construct validity was evaluated by testing six a priori hypotheses for the Pearson’s correlation coefficient between the DASH and the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and a Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). Results Reliability: Cronbach’s alpha of the DASH was 0.93 and item-to-total correlations ranged from 0.36 to 0.81. ICC was 0.89. The 95 percent LoA was calculated to be between -11.9 and 14.1. SEM was 4.7 and MDC 13.1. Construct validity: Eighty-three percent of the a priori hypotheses of correlation were confirmed. The DASH showed a high positive correlation of 0.75 with the SPADI, a negative moderate correlation of -0.48 to -0.62 with physical functioning, bodily pain and physical component summary of the SF-36 and a moderate positive correlation of 0.58 with the NPRS. DASH correlated higher with the physical component summary than with the mental component summary of the SF-36. Conclusions The Norwegian version of the DASH is a reliable and valid outcome measure for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. PMID:24618360

2014-01-01

40

Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the DN4 (Douleur Neuropathique 4 questions) questionnaire for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic or somatic component  

PubMed Central

Background This study assesses the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of DN4 questionnaire as a tool for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic (NP) or somatic component (non-neuropathic pain, NNP). Methods A study was conducted consisting of two phases: cultural adaptation into the Spanish language by means of conceptual equivalence, including forward and backward translations in duplicate and cognitive debriefing, and testing of psychometric properties in patients with NP (peripheral, central and mixed) and NNP. The analysis of psychometric properties included reliability (internal consistency, inter-rater agreement and test-retest reliability) and validity (ROC curve analysis, agreement with the reference diagnosis and determination of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in different subsamples according to type of NP). Results A sample of 164 subjects (99 women, 60.4%; age: 60.4 ± 16.0 years), 94 (57.3%) with NP (36 with peripheral, 32 with central, and 26 with mixed pain) and 70 with NNP was enrolled. The questionnaire was reliable [Cronbach's alpha coefficient: 0.71, inter-rater agreement coefficient: 0.80 (0.71–0.89), and test-retest intra-class correlation coefficient: 0.95 (0.92–0.97)] and valid for a cut-off value ? 4 points, which was the best value to discriminate between NP and NNP subjects. Discussion This study, representing the first validation of the DN4 questionnaire into another language different than the original, not only supported its high discriminatory value for identification of neuropathic pain, but also provided supplemental psychometric validation (i.e. test-retest reliability, influence of educational level and pain intensity) and showed its validity in mixed pain syndromes. PMID:18053212

Perez, Concepcion; Galvez, Rafael; Huelbes, Silvia; Insausti, Joaquin; Bouhassira, Didier; Diaz, Silvia; Rejas, Javier

2007-01-01

41

I like it when my partner holds my hand: development of the Responses and Attitudes to Support during Pain questionnaire (RASP)  

PubMed Central

Social support can have beneficial effects on psychological and physiological well-being. During acute bodily pain, however, the effects of social support on pain are mixed. This variability may be due to the multifaceted nature of both pain and social support, as well as individual differences. In this paper, we present the development, psychometric assessment, and initial validation of the first self-report measure designed to address this variability in the general population; the Responses and Attitudes to Support during Pain questionnaire (RASP). The RASP includes questions on social support from the romantic partner as well as healthcare professionals (HCPs) and addresses different types of social support and pain responses. The development and validation of the RASP comprised four studies. In Study 1, a preliminary RASP version was completed by 179 healthy individuals regarding any type of acute pain. In Study 2, the reduced RASP was completed by 256 women with experiences of menstrual pain. Principal component analysis indicated a 22-item solution with five underlying dimensions reflecting General Partner Support, Emotional Support from HCPs, Anxiety in the Context of HCPs, Pain Behaviors during Partner Support, and Distraction by the Partner. Construct validity was assessed using a measure of adult attachment style. The RASP showed good validity and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, the 5-factor model received initial support through confirmatory factor analysis in a new sample of 120 individuals with recent musculoskeletal pain. Study 4 provided additional validation of the RASP in a sample of 180 individuals responding in reference to acute back pain. Overall, the RASP is a valid and reliable measure for assessing individual differences in attitudes and responses to social support in relation to acute pain. PMID:25285083

Krahé, Charlotte; Paloyelis, Yannis; Sambo, Chiara F.; Fotopoulou, Aikaterini

2014-01-01

42

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Button CDC Features Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Hand, foot, and mouth ... Address What's this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Language: English Español (Spanish) File Formats Help: How do I ...

43

Spanish Professor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spanish Professor is designed to help people learn Spanish through a variety of tactics, including multimedia lessons and audio CD's that foster fluency in both speaking and writing Spanish. The site has a few lessons on basic Spanish verbs and their conjugation, and it also links to a number of fantastic Spanish learning sites with free instructional content. Here, visitors will also find links to a number of Spanish dictionaries, and some information on Spanish culture. It's an excellent resource for anyone looking to learn Spanish for travel, business, or for a future career.

2007-12-06

44

Hand Washing in Emergency Situations (Spanish)  

E-print Network

?rmenes de su piel. Recuerde: Los productos var?an en cuanto al tiempo de frotaci?n necesario para reducir la cantidad de bacterias existentes en las manos. Lea el detalle del producto que figura en la parte posterior del envase para obtener indicaciones...

Schoessow, Courtney

2007-10-08

45

Preschool Parent's Questionnaire: An Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Preschool Parent's Questionnaire (PPQ) was administered, in English and Spanish, to 120 parents (95 Black, 25 Mexican) of preschool children enrolled in child care programs, to ascertain the parents' attitudes regarding four basic issues: (1) parent's relationship to the child care program, (2) parent's attitudes toward teachers, (3) parent's…

Smith, Rutha L.

46

Spanish Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To better understand the verbs and vocabulary used in the spanish language You will need to log on to this website this link will give you all of the conjugations of the irregular verbs. Be sure to take the quizzes on the ser and estar verbs. We will cover these in class. Spanish Verbs Educational Quizzes Click on this first website and follow the link ...

Forster, Mr.

2007-12-05

47

Learn Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Spanish language instruction has been a staple of instruction in high schools and colleges for years, and there are a number of high-quality online resources for those who would like to learn the language, or just refresh their vocabulary. At this site, visitors can go through a number of tutorials that deal with basic pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. Each tutorial contains an audio section that repeats phrases clearly so that users can learn at their leisure. One fun feature is the âÂÂRandom Spanish Idiom GeneratorâÂÂ, which at the mere click of a mouse will bring up phrases such as âÂÂEn el momento precisoâÂÂ, which means âÂÂIn the nick of timeâÂÂ. The site also contains a list of ten phrases that donâÂÂt translate well into Spanish (such as âÂÂLook before you leapâÂÂ) and a list of schools that offer personal Spanish-language instruction.

48

Spanish II - Practice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Objective: Spanish II students will use two websites to review topics previously learned in class. Materials: Computer with internet access www.studyspanish.com www.classzone.com Activities: 1) Go to www.studyspanish.com 2) Select Grammar from the toolbar on the top of the screen. 3) Look on the left side of the screen under Unit I. 4) Click on Adjectives II and then select Test 1. 5) Raise your hand when you have a perfect score. 6) Then move on ...

Sra. Nixon

2008-09-13

49

Hand Washing  

MedlinePLUS

... News Anxiety Disorders Relaxation Exercises The Flu Vaccine Hand Washing KidsHealth > Teens > Body > Skin Stuff > Hand Washing ... or from animals and animal waste. Continue Defensive Hand Washing In 2010 the American Society for Microbiology ...

50

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

51

Claw hand  

MedlinePLUS

Claw hand is a condition that causes curved or bent fingers. This makes the hand appear like the claw of an animal. See ... Claw hand can be something that someone is born with (congenital) or that they develop because of certain disorders, ...

52

Spanish for Spanish-Speaking Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum bulletin, completely in Spanish, is intended to serve as a guide to teaching Spanish and the culture of Spain and the Latin-American countries to students who come from Spanish-speaking homes. The bulletin presents an accelerated course of study for the first year and includes the vocabulary idiomatic expressions, and structures…

Fuentes, Irma; And Others

53

Hand preference, performance abilities, and hand selection in children  

PubMed Central

It is widely know that the pattern of human handedness is such that approximately 90% of the population is right handed with the remainder being left handed, at least in the adult population. What is less well understood is how handedness develops and at what age adult-like handedness patterns emerge. Quantified in terms of both preference and performance, a plethora of different behavioral assessments are currently in use with both children and adults. Handedness questionnaires are commonly used; however, these possess inherent limitations, considering their subjective nature. Hand performance measures have also been implemented; however, such tasks appear to measure different components of handedness. In addition to these traditional measures, handedness has been successfully assessed through observation of hand selection in reaching, which has proven to be a unique and effective manner in understanding the development of handedness in children. Research over the past several decades has demonstrated that young children display weak, inconsistent hand preference tendencies and are slower with both hands. Performance differences between the hands are larger for young children, and consistency improves with age. However, there remains some controversy surrounding the age at which hand preference and hand performance abilities can be considered fully developed. The following paper will provide a review of the literature pertaining to hand preference, performance abilities and hand selection in children in an attempt to ascertain the age at which adult-like patterns of hand preference and performance emerge. PMID:24600414

Scharoun, Sara M.; Bryden, Pamela J.

2014-01-01

54

Hands On??  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the facilities and programs of two major hands-on learning centers for children: the Capitol Children's Museum in Washington, D.C. and Sesame Place in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Computer-oriented activities are emphasized. A table describing several other hands-on learning centers accompanies the text. (JL)

Wrege, Rachael

1982-01-01

55

Wesleyan University Student Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses marijuana use practices in college students. The 30 items (multiple choice or free response) are concerned with personal and demographic data, marijuana smoking practices, use history, effects from smoking marijuana, present attitude toward the substance, and use of other drugs. The Questionnaire is untimed and…

Haagen, C. Hess

56

Hallowed hands  

E-print Network

Human hand transplantation became a medical reality at the turn of the 2 1st century. Often hailed by media and the general public as miraculous, these life-changing surgeries are also highly controversial. Many doctors, ...

Ruppel, Emily (Emily C.)

2011-01-01

57

Hand Battery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity about chemistry and electricity, learners form a battery by placing their hands onto plates of different metals. Learners detect the current by reading a DC microammeter attached to the metal plates. Learners experiment with different metals to find out what combination produces the most current as well as testing what happens when they press harder on the plates or wet their hands. Learners also investigate what happens when they wire the plates to a voltmeter.

Exploratorium, The

2011-12-05

58

The Pedestrian Behaviour of Spanish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent pedestrians are a particularly vulnerable group of road users. This research tested the applicability of the recently developed Adolescent Road user Behaviour Questionnaire (ARBQ) amongst a sample of 2006 Spanish adolescents. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the full scale found that the original three factors did not adequately fit the…

Sullman, M. J. M.; Gras, M. E.; Font-Mayolas, S.; Masferrer, L.; Cunill, M.; Planes, M.

2011-01-01

59

SPANISH PROGRAM SUMMER 2015 SPANISH PROGRAM  

E-print Network

SPANISH PROGRAM SUMMER 2015 SPANISH PROGRAM (4 week program) July 1 - 24, 2015 (inclusive) WHICH: NATIONALITY: TELEPHONE NUMBER: (with international dialing codes) E-MAIL: DO YOU REQUIRE A VISA TO STUDY.175 in Ciutadella Campus, spanishprogram@upf.edu. FEES In the case of payment being made via international bank

60

OF SPANISH DEPARTMENTS AND TEACHING SPANISH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN INCREASING NUMBER OF SPANISH PROFESSORS, ASKED TO ESTABLISH A FOREIGN LANGUAGE DEPARTMENT IN A NEW COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY, ARE SERIOUSLY APPRAISING THE AIMS AND FUNCTIONS OF THEIR DEPARTMENTS. IT IS IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN A BALANCE BUT NOT A SEPARATION BETWEEN TEACHING AND RESEARCH, BETWEEN NATIVE SPANISH SPEAKERS AND NATIVE AMERICANS WITH…

RYAN, JAMES

61

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

62

Spanish 1 - Pronunciation Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Feeling comfortable when speaking Spanish is primarily understanding how to pronounce Spanish. This activity will help you while you listen and practice Spanish pronunciation. Practice your pronunciation as you read the Pronunciation section of this page. Let\\'s start with a nice beginning lesson. This next site will allow you to listen to vowels and phrases as you practice your pronunciation. Select this link Spanish Vowels. When you get there choose each vowel; a, e, i, o, and u. Click ...

Smith, Sr.

2007-09-10

63

Left-handed Children in Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used teacher questionnaires to examine incidence of left-handedness in nearly 2,800 Singaporean children, racial differences in this left-handed population, and educational provisions in preschool and primary school. Findings indicated that 7.5% of preschoolers and 6.3% of primary children were left-handed, with a higher proportion being Chinese…

Gan, Linda

1998-01-01

64

Golden Age Spanish Sonnets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Alix Ingber, Professor of Spanish at Sweet Briar College, this site hosts 107 Golden Age (Sixteenth Century) Spanish sonnets and English translations. The poems may be browsed by poet or by their first line. Each poet page includes links to related resources, most of which are in Spanish only. Also included are bibliographies and some other related links.

Ingber, Alix.

65

Notes in Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Notes in Spanish has been described as the best free Spanish language learning podcast/blog on the Internet. Notes in Spanish publishes two podcasts: an intermediate and an advanced podcast. Each podcast is accompanied by a worksheet (available for an additional small fee), which includes a full transcript of the podcast and a list of relevant vocabulary terms and phrases, along with useful exercises. Apart from the podcasts, the Notes in Spanish blog contains regular updates of useful tips and resources for learning Spanish.

Curtis, Benjamin; Diez, Marina

2007-01-31

66

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

67

Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

68

Hand Eczema  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Hand eczema is a common disease in the general population and one of the most frequent diagnoses in dermatology. It affects\\u000a occupational as well as private aspects of life, and the severity varies from mild and transient to severe and chronic disease.\\u000a Being a disease that affects mainly young people, often interfering with their professional career, the disease is a

Tove Agner

69

Hidden Hands  

E-print Network

Hands Detail (quilt with panel) 8 The flood and spotlights brightly and evenly light the wall panels and quilt, but the workspace is lit mostly by a small table lamp (Fig. 6). This is to create a close interior space that does not feel... is installed in a way that creates a juxtaposition between the finished work and the workspace. The viewer is initially drawn to the brightly colored wall panels (Fig. 3), only to be led to the workspace (Fig. 4) by the flow of the piece. The viewer thus...

Wegren, Allison Felice

2013-05-31

70

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Daniel R. Zalles

71

Spanish Program Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents the philosophy, goals, and objectives, as well as the scope and sequence of Spanish language instruction at four levels for the public secondary schools of Hawaii. The emphasis is on producing communicative competence in Spanish. The goals, objectives, and performance expectations are presented as guides from which teachers can…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

72

Why Elect Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first half of this pamphlet stresses the value of foreign language learning in general from historical and cultural points of view. The second half indicates the growing importance of Spanish in the economic and cultural spheres as an inducement to student selection of Spanish as a second language. (JH)

Sipes, Randall

1968-01-01

73

Spanish and Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website was created by Terry Mirande of Pierce College to have students use math as they learn Spanish. There are five projects available for educators to access. One addresses the metric system used in the Spanish-speaking world; another tackles the parallels between math and the Spanish language structure. There is a Mexican game of chance explained that will help students improve probability skills, and there is a student project involving âÂÂel quipuâ â an ancient Incan counting system using colored ropes and knots. In this project, students are asked to create their own âÂÂquipuâ â however this activity is provided only in Spanish, whereas the rest of the projects are available in both English and Spanish.

Mirande, Terry

2008-05-08

74

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

SciTech Connect

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

75

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

76

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

77

Rhetorical Exclamatives in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although standard exclamatives have been studied for the last thirty years, (as far as I know) rhetorical exclamatives have not been studied at all in any language, (as far as I know). The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the systematic internal characterization of rhetorical exclamatives in Spanish, from a syntactic, semantic and…

Andueza, Patricia L.

2011-01-01

78

Spanish Rice Ingredients  

E-print Network

Spanish Rice Ingredients: 2 cups brown rice, cooked Vegetable oil spray 1 onion 1 cup salsa skillet to medium. Cut the ends off of the onion, and peel off the brown layers. Run under water to remove any dirt. Cut the onion in half lengthwise, and place the flat side on the cutting board. Slice across

Liskiewicz, Maciej

79

The Spanish Borderlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief study of the Spanish Borderlands (the southern tier of the United States from California to the Carolinas) and their hold on various cultural and historical imaginations. Discusses the groundbreaking work of historian Herbert E. Bolton and those historians who have continued and/or criticized his interpretation. (MJP)

Hurtado, Albert L.

1996-01-01

80

Introductory Spanish IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory conversational course in Spanish is intended primarily for use in the classroom. The student is to learn some general differences between Argentina and the United States and how to better describe his friends. The common verbs "tener,""venir,""ir,""dar," and those that change "e" are presented. Additional uses of "ser" and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

81

Introductory Spanish: Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course is intended for students who have had some experience in the formal study of Spanish. Performance objectives emphasize development of listening, speaking, and reading skills. Conversation is directed to everyday teenage interests: school, friends, soccer, and clothes. Grammar exercises treating "ser" and "estar" adjectives, and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

82

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

83

Haemonchosis in Spanish ibex.  

PubMed

Two cases of haemonchosis occurred in the Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) population of the National Hunting Reserve of Tortosa and Beseit, northeastern Spain, in July 1992 and May 1993. The animals were cachectic and recumbent and had an acute hemorrhagic, macrocytic and hypochromic anemia; which was related to a high infection of 2,016 and 1,863 Haemonchus contortus, respectively, in the abomasum of the animals. PMID:9249719

Lavín, S; Marco, I; Rossi, L; Meneguz, P G; Viñas, L

1997-07-01

84

Spanish Civil War Posters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' collection of 120 Spanish Civil War posters dating from 1936-1939 are a good-looking group of items that portray both the Republican and Nationalist causes of Spain during the Spanish Civil War. In order to start searching or browsing all the images of this collection, click on "Search This Collection" in the middle of the page. To browse the images, click on "View All". If you would rather search, you have many modes to do so, including subjects and formats, creators and other associated names, and titles. As most of the text on the posters is in Spanish, visitors may wish to look over the English translations. Unfortunately, many of the posters can only be viewed as thumbnails, unless they are being viewed in person at the Library of Congress. Although many of the posters are in bold reds, blues and yellows, their undertones are dark. Some of the black and white prints look much like newsprint, and are more pedestrian in form.

85

Nobody expects the Spanish Inquistion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is any one really ready for the Spanish Inquisition? Assign studnets to participate in reading the play, The Spanish Inquisition by Monty Python. While readiang the play, display the following pictures at appropiate times. Nobody expects the Spanish Inquistion Confess!!! Get the Cushions!!!! Get the comfy Chair! Now you'll confess! Confess women, CONFESS!!! Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!!! ...

Hirschi, Mrs.

2005-04-08

86

Teaching L2 Spanish Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the effects of training on the perception of Spanish stress, an important feature in the Spanish verbal morphology system. Participants were two intact classes of native English speakers enrolled in a six-week session of second-semester Spanish, as well as native English and native Spanish control groups. During the…

Saalfeld, Anita K.

2012-01-01

87

78 FR 36304 - Proposed Information Collection (Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, will gather information related to the claimant's diagnosis of a hand or finger condition. Affected Public: Individuals or Households. Estimated Annual Burden: 25,000. Estimated Average Burden...

2013-06-17

88

Chapped hands (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Chapped hands can be sore and painful. Chapped hands may be soothed by the use of moisturizing lotions and the avoidance of excess exposure to water. If hands become badly chapped, hydrocortisone creams (available over the ...

89

Proper hand washing (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... handwashing include: Take off any jewelry Hold your hands pointing down under warm water for 15 to ... Steps for proper hand washing include: Take off any jewelry. Hold your hands pointing down under warm water for 15 to 30 seconds. ...

90

Seasonal Hand Injuries  

MedlinePLUS

... Media ACEP in Social Media Take Care Seasonal Hand Injuries Studies show that many people visit the ... the ladder. BREAKING A FALL WITH AN OUTSTRETCHED HAND Use both hands to help catch yourself so ...

91

Arthritis of the Hand  

MedlinePLUS

... American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Arthritis of the Hand The hand and wrist have multiple small joints that work ... Arthritis can occur in many areas of the hand and wrist and can have more than one ...

92

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

93

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

94

The Spanish Antiphoner  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cincinnati businessman, composer, and artist Martin G. Dumler donated this rare Spanish manuscript to the University of Cincinnati, and it is now available online here. The work is from the 16th century, and it is a choirbook with Gregorian chants handwritten on vellum pages, complete with illuminated text capitals. While the work has seven missing pages, the remaining 242 pages are intact. The work was digitized with the assistance of a grant from the Tangeman Sacred Music Center, along with the cooperation of Professor Matthew Peattie at the University of Cincinnati Conservatory of Music and Mark Palkovic, the head of the Albino Gorno Memorial Music Library. Visitors can view the work via the Insight Browser provided here, or they can download the entire work. It is a tremendous piece of craftsmanship, and even those with only a passing interest in musicology will find the illuminations beautiful.

95

SPANISH STUDIES Program Learning Outcomes  

E-print Network

SPANISH STUDIES Program Learning Outcomes 1. Students will achieve advanced program of study will introduce majors to the literary and cultural manifestations approaches to study the cultures and literatures of Spanish-speaking worlds

California at Santa Cruz, University of

96

Bladder cancer documentation of causes: multilingual questionnaire, 'bladder cancer doc'.  

PubMed

There is a considerable discrepancy between the number of identified occupational-related bladder cancer cases and the estimated numbers particularly in emerging nations or less developed countries where suitable approaches are less or even not known. Thus, within a project of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health, a questionnaire of the Dortmund group, applied in different studies, was translated into more than 30 languages (Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Korean, Latvian, Malay, Persian (Farsi), Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese/Brazilian, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Spanish, Spanish/Mexican, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese). The bipartite questionnaire asks for relevant medical information in the physician's part and for the occupational history since leaving school in the patient's part. Furthermore, this questionnaire is asking for intensity and frequency of certain occupational and non-occupational risk factors. The literature regarding occupations like painter, hairdresser or miner and exposures like carcinogenic aromatic amines, azo dyes, or combustion products is highlighted. The questionnaire is available on www.ifado.de/BladderCancerDoc. PMID:22652680

Golka, Klaus; Abreu-Villaca, Yael; Anbari Attar, Rowshanak; Angeli-Greaves, Miriam; Aslam, Muhammad; Basaran, Nursen; Belik, Rouslana; Butryee, Chaniphun; Dalpiaz, Orietta; Dzhusupov, Keneshbek; Ecke, Thorsten H; Galambos, Henrieta; Galambos, Henrieta; Gerilovica, Helena; Gerullis, Holger; Gonzalez, Patricia Casares; Goossens, Maria E; Gorgishvili-Hermes, Lela; Heyns, Chris F; Hodzic, Jasmin; Ikoma, Fumihiko; Jichlinski, Patrice; Kang, Boo-Hyon; Kiesswetter, Ernst; Krishnamurthi, Kannan; Lehmann, Marie-Louise; Martinova, Irina; Mittal, Rama Devi; Ravichandran, Beerappa; Romics, Imre; Roy, Bidyut; Rungkat-Zakaria, Fransiska; Rydzynski, Konrad; Scutaru, Cristian; Shen, Jianhua; Soufi, Maria; Toguzbaeva, Karlygash; Vu Duc, Trinh; Widera, Agata; Wishahi, Mohamed; Hengstler, Jan G

2012-01-01

97

Facial disability index (FDI): Adaptation to Spanish, reliability and validity  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To adapt to Spanish the facial disability index (FDI) described by VanSwearingen and Brach in 1995 and to assess its reliability and validity in patients with facial nerve paresis after parotidectomy. Study Design: The present study was conducted in two different stages: a) cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire and b) cross-sectional study of a control group of 79 Spanish-speaking patients who suffered facial paresis after superficial parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation. The cross-cultural adaptation process comprised the following stages: (I) initial translation, (II) synthesis of the translated document, (III) retro-translation, (IV) review by a board of experts, (V) pilot study of the pre-final draft and (VI) analysis of the pilot study and final draft. Results: The reliability and internal consistency of every one of the rating scales included in the FDI (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient) was 0.83 for the complete scale and 0.77 and 0.82 for the physical and the social well-being subscales. The analysis of the factorial validity of the main components of the adapted FDI yielded similar results to the original questionnaire. Bivariate correlations between FDI and House-Brackmann scale were positive. The variance percentage was calculated for all FDI components. Conclusions: The FDI questionnaire is a specific instrument for assessing facial neuromuscular dysfunction which becomes a useful tool in order to determine quality of life in patients with facial nerve paralysis. Spanish adapted FDI is equivalent to the original questionnaire and shows similar reliability and validity. The proven reproducibi-lity, reliability and validity of this questionnaire make it a useful additional tool for evaluating the impact of facial nerve paralysis in Spanish-speaking patients. Key words:Parotidectomy, facial nerve paralysis, facial disability. PMID:22926474

Gonzalez-Cardero, Eduardo; Cayuela, Aurelio; Acosta-Feria, Manuel; Gutierrez-Perez, Jose-Luis

2012-01-01

98

Measurement Properties and Classification Accuracy of Two Spanish Parent Surveys of Language Development for Preschool-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To describe the concurrent validity and classification accuracy of 2 Spanish parent surveys of language development, the Spanish Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ; Squires, Potter, & Bricker, 1999) and the Pilot Inventario-III (Pilot INV-III; Guiberson, 2008a). Method: Forty-eight Spanish-speaking parents of preschool-age children…

Guiberson, Mark; Rodriguez, Barbara L.

2010-01-01

99

[Hand and endocrine diseases].  

PubMed

The whole of hormones likely influence state of hands, modifying colouring and trophicity of the skin and having influence on its muscular, tendineous, osseous, articular components. Thus state of the hands contributes to the recognition of the endocrine diseases: hot and moist hands of the Graves' disease, dry, cold and infiltrated hands in myxoedema, pale and fine hands of hypopituitarism, broad and thick hand of acromegaly, brachymetacarpia in the pseudohypoparathyroidism… Diabetes exposes particularly to tendineous and articular retractions, to whitlows and ungual mycosis. PMID:24148694

Wémeau, Jean-Louis; Ryndak, Amélie; Karrouz, Wassila; Balavoine, Anne-Sophie; Baudoux, Florence

2013-12-01

100

The Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Cross cultural adaptation, reliability, validity and responsiveness.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire to produce an equivalent Korean version. A total of 53 patients completed the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months after open carpal tunnel release. All 53 also completed the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months post-operatively. Reliability was measured by determining the test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Test-retest reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and paired t-tests, and internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha coefficients. Pearson correlation analysis was carried out on the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire scores and the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scores to assess construct validity. Responsiveness was evaluated using effect sizes and standardized response means. The reliability of the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire was good. The scores in the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand strongly correlated with the scores in the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Standardized response mean and effect size were both large for the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. The study shows that the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire is a reliable, valid and responsive instrument for measuring outcomes in carpal tunnel syndrome. PMID:25005562

Kim, J K; Lim, H M

2015-02-01

101

Age-Related Attenuation of Dominant Hand Superiority  

PubMed Central

Background The decline of motor performance of the human hand-arm system with age is well-documented. While dominant hand performance is superior to that of the non-dominant hand in young individuals, little is known of possible age-related changes in hand dominance. We investigated age-related alterations of hand dominance in 20 to 90 year old subjects. All subjects were unambiguously right-handed according to the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory. In Experiment 1, motor performance for aiming, postural tremor, precision of arm-hand movement, speed of arm-hand movement, and wrist-finger speed tasks were tested. In Experiment 2, accelerometer-sensors were used to obtain objective records of hand use in everyday activities. Principal Findings Our data confirm previous findings of a general task-dependent decline in motor performance with age. Analysis of the relationship between right/left-hand performances using a laterality index showed a loss of right hand dominance with advancing age. The clear right-hand advantage present at younger ages changed to a more balanced performance in advanced age. This shift was due to a more pronounced age-related decline of right hand performance. Accelerometer-sensor measurements supported these findings by demonstrating that the frequency of hand use also shifted from a clear right hand preference in young adults to a more balanced usage of both hands in old age. Despite these age-related changes in the relative level of performance in defined motor tasks and in the frequency of hand use, elderly subjects continued to rate themselves as unambiguous right-handers. Conclusion The discrepancy between hand-specific practical performance in controlled motor tests as well as under everyday conditions and the results of questionnaires concerning hand use and hand dominance suggests that most elderly subjects are unaware of the changes in hand dominance that occur over their lifespan, i.e., a shift to ambidexterity. PMID:17183722

Kalisch, Tobias; Wilimzig, Claudia; Kleibel, Nadine; Tegenthoff, Martin; Dinse, Hubert R.

2006-01-01

102

Hands-Only CPR  

MedlinePLUS

... and Videos Media Center Survivor Stories Contact Us Hands Only CPR Two Steps to Staying Alive with ... Mobile Tour Event Toolkit Spotify Playlist Contact Us Hands-Only™ CPR Can Save Lives. Most people who ...

103

Hand and Finger Exercises  

MedlinePLUS

... vision and language needs, call (614) 293-3191. Hand and Finger Exercises ? Place your palm flat on ... times for ____ seconds. ? Pick up objects with your hand. Start out with larger objects. Repeat ____ times for ____ ...

104

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire (NPAQ) A1 In a USUAL WEEK, do you cycle in or around your new neighbourhood or new local area to get to or from somewhere (such as cycling to a shop or to public transport) or for recreation, health or fitness (including cycling with your dog)?

105

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

106

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) 13 Do you do any moderate-intensity sports, fitness or recreational (leisure) activities that causes a small increase in breathing or heart rate such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, volleyball) for at least 10 minutes continuously?

107

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) 1 Over 7 typical days, how often did you take a walk or ride a bicycle on errands such as going to or from a store or taking children to school?

108

Itchy Hands or Feet  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Itchy Hands or Feet A A A A skin condition that is limited to the hands and/or feet can have several possible causes. Many of these conditions on the hands or feet are itchy, but, in some people, ...

109

Hand x-ray  

MedlinePLUS

X-ray - hand ... A hand x-ray is taken in a hospital radiology department or your health care provider's office by an ... technician. You will be asked to place your hand on the x-ray table, and keep it ...

110

Compact Telerobot Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Anthropomorphic telerobotic hand contains actuators, joints, sensors, and complex wiring harnesses. Glove protects interior components of hand from dirt and damage. Imitates motions of human fingers and wrist in lifelike and dexterous way. Incorporates pitch/yaw joints in wrist and head knuckles. Hand modular; so fingers removable, interchangeable units. Feature simplifies servicing and maintenance, which must be done frequently in such complex mechanism.

Rosheim, Mark; Trechsel, Hans

1993-01-01

111

Presumptive Babesia ovis infection in a spanish ibex ( Capra pyrenaica)  

Microsoft Academic Search

On December 29 1995, a 13-year old, male Spanish ibex was easily captured by hand, with depression, weakness and severe tick infestation, mainly in the periocular and auricular regions. Blood and serum samples were collected and haematological analysis and serum iron levels were determined. Red blood cell count, haematocrit, haemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were decreased and

Ignasi Marco; Roser Velarde; Joaquim Castellà; David Ferrer; Santiago Lav??n

2000-01-01

112

Spanish Civil War Memory Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California, San Diego in collaboration with several Spanish civic associations, including the Federacion Estatal de Foros por La Memoria and others, have put together this remarkable digital archive of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship. Since 2007, several teams of graduate students have been recording audiovisual testimonies of militants, witnesses, and victims of the Spanish Civil War and Francoist repression. On this site, visitors can listen to dozens of recorded testimonies in English and Spanish and also read about the interview protocol and methods. The Video Catalog area contains some helpful resources, including information about each participant and their specific involvement in the war.

113

Development of a "Steps Questionnaire".  

PubMed

Thousands of men and women have begun their recovery from alcoholism through the support of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and its well-known "12-Step" program. The purpose of the present study was to develop a scale to measure alcoholics' levels of agreement with the first three of AA's 12 Steps and to test the relationship between sobriety and belief in these three steps. Using both factor analysis and Rasch analysis, two versions of a "Steps Questionnaire" were developed. A 96-member subset of the original subject pool was assessed quarterly for 1 year following inpatient treatment to determine the predictive validity of the questionnaire. The results of this study suggested that agreement with AA's first three steps can be measured and that agreement with AA's first step correlates with number of sober days posttreatment. The dichotomization of Steps Questionnaire scores into total agreement versus partial agreement with Step 1, and from this the reduction of uncertainty in the prediction of abstention over a lengthy follow-up period, provides support for AA's contention that total surrender to one's powerlessness over alcohol is part of the process of achieving abstention. PMID:1875709

Gilbert, F S

1991-07-01

114

Development and validation of a Spanish version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges  

E-print Network

difficulties addicts have in achieving abstinence, and the high rates of relapse following sustained drug abstinence (Tiffany, 1990), Drug cravings are so significant that most current state-of- the-art and experimental drug-treatment programs include... intervention components to prevent craving-related relapses (Cepeda-Benito & Gleaves, 2001). For example, nicotine-replacement therapies are often advertised as "craving reducing" tools that allow smokers to cope with the difficulties of quitting cigarettes...

Henry, Keisha Denythia

2001-01-01

115

Conversational Spanish: Quick and Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for the adult or college student who wants to attain a speaking knowledge of Spanish spoken in Hispanic America, this book places more emphasis on communication and comprehension than on grammatical depth. It does not presuppose a knowledge of Spanish or experience with a second language. Emphasis is on repetition. Each lesson includes…

Saloom, Barbara B.

116

The Spanish Borderlands, Historiography Redux  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The word "borderlands" has many meanings in North American historiography, but this short overview focuses on the time and place that American historians have long known as the "Spanish Borderlands." Historian Herbert Eugene Bolton, the much-studied father of what came to be known as the "Bolton School," popularized the term "Spanish Borderlands"…

Weber, David J.

2005-01-01

117

Tuberculosis of the hand.  

PubMed

There has been recent interest in tuberculosis of the hand because of a rising incidence owing to increasing numbers of immigration, an aging population, and immunosuppressed people including affected patients with human immunodeficiency virus. In this article, we review the epidemiology, bacteriology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and principles of treatment of tuberculosis of the hand. The second part of the report emphasizes the classification of hand tuberculosis (cutaneous lesions, tenosynovitis, bursitis, osteomyelitis, arthritis, and tuberculous hypersensitivity reactions) along with the classic presentations of each of these hand lesions. PMID:21764526

Al-Qattan, M M; Al-Namla, A; Al-Thunayan, A; Al-Omawi, M

2011-08-01

118

7 CFR 51.2734 - Spanish type.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Spanish type. 51.2734 Section 51.2734 ...United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Definitions § 51.2734 Spanish type. Spanish type means peanuts...

2010-01-01

119

Hand Hygiene – Evaluation of Three Disinfectant Hand Sanitizers in a Community Setting  

PubMed Central

Hand hygiene is acknowledged as the single most important measure to prevent nosocomial infections in the healthcare setting. Similarly, in non-clinical settings, hand hygiene is recognised as a key element in helping prevent the spread of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of three different disinfectant hand sanitizers in reducing the burden of bacterial hand contamination in 60 healthy volunteers in a community setting, both before and after education about the correct use of hand sanitizers. The study is the first to evaluate the efficacy and ease of use of different formulations of hand rubs used by the general population. The products tested were: Sterillium (perfumed, liquid), desderman pure gel (odorless, gel) and Lavit (perfumed, spray). Sterillium and desderman are EN1500 (hygienic hand rub) certified products (available in pharmacy) and Lavit is non EN1500 certified and available in supermarkets. The two EN1500 certified products were found to be significantly superior in terms of reducing bacterial load. desderman pure gel, Sterillium and Lavit reduced the bacterial count to 6.4%, 8.2% and 28.0% respectively. After education in the correct use of each hand rub, the bacterial load was reduced even further, demonstrating the value of education in improving hand hygiene. Information about the testers' perceptions of the three sanitizers, together with their expectations of a hand sanitizer was obtained through a questionnaire. Efficacy, followed by skin compatibility were found to be the two most important attributes of a hand disinfectant in our target group. PMID:25379773

Babeluk, Rita; Jutz, Sabrina; Mertlitz, Sarah; Matiasek, Johannes; Klaus, Christoph

2014-01-01

120

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101  

E-print Network

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101 Hand washing may be a simple task, but it is extremely important in preventing the spread of contagious illnesses. Wash your hands often to remove disease-causing germs. Wash your hands: Wet hands with warm water. When warm water isn't available, wash for a longer

121

A Helping Hand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how designing a hand washing-friendly environment can help to reduce the spread of germs in school restrooms. Use of electronic faucets, surface risk management, traffic flow, and user- friendly hand washing systems that are convenient and maximally hygienic are examined. (GR)

Renner, Jason M.

2000-01-01

122

On the Other Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a brief overview of the past and current state of handedness research illustrating some of the controversies. It emphasizes two aspects: the lack of agreement on the behavior that indicates to which hand-use group (left or right) an individual belongs, and the reasons for preferring one hand rather than the other for various manual activities.

Ira B. Perelle; Lee Ehrman

2005-01-01

123

Analysis of Multifingered Hands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses three fundamental problems relating to grasping and manipulating objects within an articulated, multifingered hand: determining how hard to squeeze an ob ject in order to ensure a secure grasp, determining the finger- joint motions required to produce a desired motion of the object, and determining the workspace of the hand.Squeezing the object, or the application of internal

Jeffrey Kerr; Bernard Roth

1986-01-01

124

Criteria for the Design of Mail Questionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the elements required for a well-designed questionnaire, including appearance, question writing, organization, and cover letter. A checklist for effective questionnaire design is provided, as well as seven references. (BK)

Swisher, Robert

1980-01-01

125

Health Tip: Easing Hand Eczema  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Easing Hand Eczema Gloves can help protect the skin (*this ... chemicals or doing heavy-duty work with your hands can worsen hand eczema, leaving hands dry and ...

126

American Association for Hand Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... View Preliminary Program Download Annual Meeting Mobile App HAND , the official Journal of AAHS HAND is the ... access to HAND via the Members' Only webpage. HAND Journal Featured Article Overcoming short gaps in peripheral ...

127

[Hand surgery training].  

PubMed

Training of the hand surgeon HAND SURGEON A CONCEPT: The hand surgeon is supposed to be in charge of all the hand lesions regarding, skeleton, muscles, tendons, nerves and vessels. He has to be able to insure reparation and coverage of all of them. So he is involved in all the structures, which insure integrity and function of the hand. PURPOSE AND WAYS OF TRAINING: To obtain the asked ability, the hand surgeon training has to be global and sustained by two underlying surgical specialities: orthopedic surgery and plastic and reconstructive surgery. From 2000 after many years of dealings, a Right to the Title in Hand Surgery was born. This Right to the Title wants to be the formal recognition of the specific training of the hand surgeon. For the well-recognized ancient hand surgeons they need to be confirmed by one's peers. Now a day the hand surgeon has to satisfy to this specific training: Passed the complete training and exam of the Orthopedic or Plastic surgery board. Spent at least 6 months as resident in the other underlying specialty. Passed a microsurgery examination. Passed one of the four national Hand Surgery diplomas (DIU/Inter-Universitary Diploma). The examinations have been harmonized. A common formation is delivered regarding hand surgery, the way of examination is the same and the formation is 2 years long. The final exam is presented in front of board of examiners where a teacher of one of the other three national diplomas is present. Spent at least 2 years in a formative hand surgery unit, listed by the French College of Hand Surgeons, as senior surgeon. Those requirements are heavy to assume and need a heavy personal involvement. That seems to be necessary to have an ability level as high as possible. Emergency surgery practice is absolutely necessary in this training. All the 17 university formative hand surgery units listed by the French College of Hand Surgeons are members of the FESUM (European Federation of the Emergency Hand Units). Unfortunately it is non-sufficient to train the necessary number of hand surgeons needed in France today. So we try to obtain from the authority the formal recognition of a training period in private practice. Eleven out of the 28 hand units listed as formative by the French College of Hand Surgeons are in private practice and may be recognized as formative in the hand surgeon training. That needs to create an official agreement between university and private Units. This part of the training is yet accepted by the Right to the Title commission for a 6-month training period. But this needs a legal modification or adaptation of the private units legal status so they will be able to offer a quite equivalent conditions of training. Now a days 233 surgeons in France passed the Right to the Title. Among them, the oldest do not have emergency practice any more. So unfortunately, out of 1,400,000 hand injuries a year in France, only few are actually cared by hand surgeons. The emergency training needs at least a three to four senior surgeons team, operating and caring emergencies, 24 h a day, 365 days a year. They need to be surrounded by high-level technical facilities for this type of surgery. Only this type of unit may have a frequent severe hand traumatology practice, especially regarding microsurgery. But on the other hand a less complex hand unit operating only planed surgery and less complicated emergencies, may also be definitively formative. This only depends on the hand surgeon's qualification. It is only with a very demanding and high-level training program that our credibility as hand surgeon may be definitively established. The mainstay of this training is the combined action of the FESUM, the French College of Hand Surgeons and the DIU diploma. The Right to the Title formally confirms that training. For university or private unit, to be a member of the FESUM, must continue to guarantee a high level training regarding emergencies as in number as in complexity. We proposed as minimum level of practice (a year) to be a formative hand surgery unit: 10-15 hand and up

Moutet, F; Haloua, J P

2003-10-01

128

Liquid Assimilation in Havana Spanish  

E-print Network

on where manner of articulation features belong. It will be argued in this paper, basing on spreading and delinking process occurring in Liquid assimilation in Havana Spanish, that 1) the [continuant] feature should be located under the Supralaryngeal node...

Hwu, Fenfang

1991-01-01

129

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

130

Diagnostic Accuracy of Spanish Language Depression-Screening Instruments  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE To make decisions about implementing systematic depression screening, primary care physicians who serve Spanish-speaking populations need to know whether Spanish language depression-screening instruments are accurate. We aimed to review systematically the evidence regarding diagnostic accuracy of depression-screening instruments in Spanish-speaking primary care populations. METHODS We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Cochrane Libraries from inception to May 28, 2008, for studies examining the diagnostic accuracy of Spanish language depression case-finding instrument(s) administered to primary-care outpatients. Two authors independently assessed studies for inclusion and quality. RESULTS Twelve studies met inclusion criteria. In general primary care screening, the Spanish language version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) had sensitivities ranging from 76% to 92% and specificities ranging from 70% to 74%. We found no US study reporting the accuracy of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD-9) or the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) depression module in Spanish-speakers. One fair-quality European study and 1 poor-quality study conducted in Honduras found the 9-item PRIME-MD had sensitivities ranging from 72% to 77% and specificities ranging from 86% to 100%. The 2-item PRIME-MD was 92% sensitive, but only 44% specific for depression in 1 US study. In geriatric outpatients, the 15-item Spanish language version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) had sensitivities ranging from 76% to 82%, and specificities ranging from 64% to 98%. In postpartum women, the Spanish language version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was 72% to 89% sensitive and 86% to 95% specific for major depression (2 non-US studies). The Spanish language version of the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) was 78% sensitive and 85% specific for combined major/minor depression (1 US study). CONCLUSIONS For depression screening in Spanish-speaking outpatients, fair evidence supports the diagnostic accuracy of the CES-D and PRIME-MD-9 in general primary care, the GDS-15-Spanish for geriatric patients, and the Spanish language versions of the EPDS or PDSS for postpartum patients. The ultrashort 2-item version of PRIME-MD may lack specificity in US Spanish-speakers. PMID:19752474

Reuland, Daniel S.; Cherrington, Andrea; Watkins, Garth S.; Bradford, Daniel W.; Blanco, Roberto A.; Gaynes, Bradley N.

2009-01-01

131

Acute hand infections.  

PubMed

The continued emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the development of only a few new classes of antibiotics over the past 50 years have made the treatment of acute hand infections problematic. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are important, because hand stiffness, contractures, and even amputation can result from missed diagnoses or delayed treatment. The most common site of hand infections is subcutaneous tissue and the most common mechanism is trauma. An immunocompromised state, intravenous drug abuse, diabetes mellitus, and steroid use all predispose to infections. PMID:25070032

Osterman, Meredith; Draeger, Reid; Stern, Peter

2014-08-01

132

"Getting It": Sociolinguistic Research and the Teaching on U.S. Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of an analysis of student perceptions about speakers of Spanish in the United States before and after participation in a university course on U.S. Spanish that incorporates a hands-on research component. Three arguments are made here: That these perceptions influence their day-to-day relationship with bilingual…

Velázquez, Isabel

2013-01-01

133

A Myoelectric Hand Splint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of a myoelectrically controlled hand splint permitting ambulating mobility of the user is discussed. The role of occupational therapy in the research and design of the device and the training of the patient are emphasized. (Authors)

Silverstein, Frances; And Others

1974-01-01

134

Occupational hand eczema among nursing staffs in Korea: Self-reported hand eczema and contact sensitization of hospital nursing staffs.  

PubMed

Occupational hand eczema is frequent in hospital workers, especially in nurses. A comprehensive understanding regarding hand eczema is essential for establishing proper prevention and treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for hand eczema in hospital nursing staffs. A self-administered questionnaire study was performed on hospital nursing staffs at a single general hospital in Korea. In addition, 70 patients with hand eczema underwent patch testing. Five hundred and twenty-five of 700 invited nurses completed the study (response rate, 75.0%). The overall frequency of symptom-based hand eczema was 75.6%, and self-reported hand eczema was 31.0%. Risk factors for hand eczema were young age, history of atopic dermatitis, frequent hand washing (>20 times/day) and long duration of glove wearing (>5 min). Hand eczema was less frequent among frequent hand moisturizer users (>3-4 times/day). Positive patch test reactions were observed in 61.4%. Frequent allergens were nickel sulfate (35.7%), cobalt chloride (28.6%) and thiomersal (21.4%). Among various antibiotics, ciprofloxacin (11.4%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (11.4%) and gentamicin (7.1%) were revealed as common allergens, in order of frequency. Hand eczema is quite common among hospital nursing staffs. Proper preventive programs and educations are demanded. PMID:23294332

Lee, Sang W; Cheong, Seung H; Byun, Ji Y; Choi, You W; Choi, Hae Y

2013-03-01

135

Rubber hand illusion induced by touching the face ipsilaterally to a deprived hand: evidence for plastic “somatotopic” remapping in tetraplegics  

PubMed Central

Background: Studies in animals and humans indicate that the interruption of body-brain connections following spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to plastic cerebral reorganization. Objective: To explore whether inducing the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) via synchronous multisensory visuo-tactile bodily stimulation may reveal any perceptual correlates of plastic remapping in SCI. Methods: In 16 paraplegic, 16 tetraplegic and 16 healthy participants we explored whether RHI may be induced by tactile stimuli involving not only the left hand but also the left hemi-face. Touching the participants actual hand or face was either synchronous or asynchronous with tactile stimuli seen on a rubber hand. We assessed two components of the illusion, namely perceived changes in the real hand in space (indexed by proprioceptive drift) and ownership of the rubber hand (indexed by subjective responses to an ad-hoc questionnaire). Results: Proprioceptive drift and ownership were found in the healthy group only in the condition where the left real and fake hand were touched simultaneously. In contrast, no drift was found in the SCI patients who, however, showed ownership after both synchronous and asynchronous hand stroking. Importantly, only tetraplegics showed the effect also after synchronous face stroking. Conclusions: RHI may reveal plastic phenomena in SCI. In hand representation-deprived tetraplegics, stimuli on the face (represented contiguously in the somatic and motor systems), drive the sense of hand ownership. This hand-face remapping phenomenon may be useful for restoring a sense of self in massively deprived individuals. PMID:24959128

Scandola, Michele; Tidoni, Emmanuele; Avesani, Renato; Brunelli, Giovanni; Aglioti, Salvatore M.; Moro, Valentina

2014-01-01

136

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101  

E-print Network

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101 Hand washing may be a simple task, but it is extremely important in preventing the spread of contagious illnesses in child-care settings. Wash your hands often to remove disease-causing germs. Wash your hands upon arrival to the child-care setting in addition to: Wet

137

Risk factors for hand?wrist disorders in repetitive work  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify the risk of hand?wrist disorders related to repetitive movements, use of hand force and wrist position in repetitive monotonous work. Methods Using questionnaires and physical examinations, the prevalence and incidence of hand?wrist pain and possible extensor tendonitis (wrist pain and palpation tenderness) were determined in 3123 employees in 19 industrial settings. With the use of questionnaires and video recordings of homogenous work tasks number of wrist movements, hand force requirements and wrist position were analysed as risk factors for hand?wrist disorders, controlling for potential personal and psychosocial confounders. All participants were re?examined three times during a follow?up period of three years. Results Force but not repetition and position was related to hand?wrist pain and possible tendonitis in the baseline analyses showing an exposure?response pattern. Odds ratios for the risk of hand pain was 1.7 (95% CI 1.3 to 2.2) and for possible tendonitis 1.9 (95% CI 1.1 to 3.3). There was no significant interaction between the ergonomic factors. In the follow?up analyses force remained a risk factor for hand pain (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.8) and for possible tendonitis (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 6.8). Repetition was also a risk factor for the onset of hand?wrist pain (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.2 to 2.3). Conclusions Increasing levels of force were associated with prevalent and incident hand?wrist pain and possible extensor tendonitis. The results for repetition were less consistent. Working with the hand in a non?neutral position could not be identified as a risk factor. PMID:17387137

Thomsen, J F; Mikkelsen, S; Andersen, J H; Fallentin, N; Loft, I P; Frost, P; Kaergaard, A; Bonde, J P; Overgaard, E

2007-01-01

138

Hand Hygiene: When and How  

MedlinePLUS

RUB HANDS FOR HAND HYGIENE! WASH HANDS WHEN VISIBLY SOILED How to handrub? Duration of the entire procedure: 20-30 seconds Apply a palmful ... Dry hands thoroughly with a single use towel; Hand Hygiene August 2009 When and How WHO acknowledges the ...

139

Dimensional structure of the oral health-related quality of life in healthy Spanish workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) is conceived as a multidimensional construct. Here our aim was to investigate the dimensional structure of OHQoL as measured by the Spanish versions of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaires applied simultaneously. METHODS: We recruited a consecutive sample of 270 healthy Spanish workers visiting

Javier Montero; Manuel Bravo; María-Purificación Vicente; María-Purificación Galindo; Joaquín F López; Alberto Albaladejo

2010-01-01

140

Spanish Language Workbook (In Development).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed for the Spanish language training of Peace Corps workers in Chile and reflects daily communication needs in that context. The workbook contains a series of sentence completion exercises at the intermediate to advanced level, notes and exercises on metric system conversion, verb/substantive lists, specialized vocabulary lists…

Peace Corps, Santiago (Chile).

141

The Spanish-Language Roundtable.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a meeting with a group of experts including Leylha Ahuile, Rene Alegria, Rueben Martinez, Diana Martinez Calice, Silvia Matute, Anne Messitte, and Teresa Mlawer from the Spanish language market for books. Topics include publishing; school and library markets; bookstores; the role of the Latino press and Latino authors; coverage in…

Criticas: An English Speaker's Guide to the Latest Spanish Language Titles, 2003

2003-01-01

142

Spanish Aid in Clinical Dietetics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid dietitians, nutritionists, and other health professionals to better serve the nutritional needs of Hispanics, this bilingual booklet describes the different cultural eating habits of Mexican, Cuban, and Puerto Rican Americans, with in-depth description of Mexican Americans. Written in Spanish and English, the booklet includes…

Bringas, Juliet G.; Chan, Teresa Y.

143

Hands-on Activities and Their Influence on Students' Interest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the influence of hands-on activities on students’ interest. We researched whether students with experience in specific hands-on activities show higher interest in these activities than students without experience. Furthermore, the relationship between the quality of the hands-on experience and interest in the respective activity was examined. In total, 28 typical hands-on activities of biology education were considered. The activities were divided into the categories experimentation, dissection, work with microscopes, and classification. A total of 141 students from the 11th grade completed questionnaires on interest in the hands-on activities, their experience with each activity, and the quality of the respective experience. Students’ interest in experimenting, working with microscopes, dissecting and classifying tends to benefit from performing hands-on activities. However, findings indicated that the performance of various hands-on activities can influence students’ interest differently. For seven hands-on activities, we identified a positive effect of hands-on experience on interest, while in one case, practical work appeared to have influenced students’ interest negatively. However, for most hands-on activities, no effect of experience on interest was found. The quality of hands-on experiences showed positive correlations with interest in the respective hands-on activities. Therefore, this paper argues in favour of designing biology lessons that allow for experiences with hands-on activities that also interest students. Our findings underline the necessity of investigating the effects of various hands-on activities in a differentiated manner.

Holstermann, Nina; Grube, Dietmar; Bögeholz, Susanne

2010-11-01

144

A sensational illusion: vision-touch synaesthesia and the rubber hand paradigm.  

PubMed

For individuals with vision-touch synaesthesia, the sight of touch on another person elicits synaesthetic tactile sensation on the observer's own body. Here we used the traditional rubber hand paradigm (Botvinick and Cohen, 1998) and a no-touch rubber hand paradigm to investigate and to authenticate synaesthetic tactile sensation. In the traditional rubber hand paradigm, the participant views a prosthetic hand being touched by the Examiner while the participant's hand - hidden from view - is also touched by the Examiner. Synchronous stimulation of the prosthetic hand and the participant's hidden hand elicits the rubber hand illusion. It may seem to the participant that she is feeling touch at the location of the viewed prosthetic hand - visual capture of touch, and that the prosthetic hand is the participant's own hand - illusion of ownership. Thus, for participants who experience the traditional rubber hand illusion, tactile sensation on the participant's hidden hand is referred to the prosthetic hand. In our no-touch rubber hand paradigm, the participant views a prosthetic hand being touched by the Examiner but the participant's hand - hidden from view - is not touched by the Examiner. Questionnaire ratings indicated that only individuals with vision-touch synaesthesia experienced the no-touch rubber hand illusion. Thus, synaesthetic tactile sensation on the (untouched) hidden hand was referred to the prosthetic hand. These individuals also demonstrated proprioceptive drift (a change, from baseline, in proprioceptively perceived position) of the hidden hand towards the location of the prosthetic hand, and a pattern of increased proprioceptive drift with increased trial duration (60 sec, 180 sec, 300 sec). The no-touch rubber hand paradigm was an excellent method to authenticate vision-touch synaesthesia because participants were naïve about the rubber hand illusion, and they could not have known how they were expected to perform on either the traditional or the no-touch rubber hand paradigm. PMID:22445446

Aimola Davies, Anne M; White, Rebekah C

2013-03-01

145

Evaluation of a gastrointestinal symptoms questionnaire.  

PubMed

Questionnaires are widely used instruments to monitor gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. However, few of these questionnaires have been formally evaluated. We sought to evaluate our GI symptoms questionnaire in terms of clarity and reproducibility. Primary care patients referred for open access Helicobacter pylori urea breath testing reported GI symptoms (type+severity) and demographic information by written questionnaire. In an interview, patients gave a personal description of the meaning of the GI symptoms on the questionnaire. Patients' descriptions of GI symptoms were compared with current definitions. Symptom severity scores were compared before and after, interview versus questionnaire. Of the 45 patients included, 19 (42%) described all symptoms correctly, whereas 17 (38%) described one symptom incorrectly. None of the patients made more than three mistakes. Regurgitation was the most common incorrectly described symptom (16 patients [36%]), whereas the other individual symptoms were well explained. Symptom severities before the interview, after the interview and reported by questionnaire (mean value+/-SEM) were 2.1 +/- 0.2, 2.1 +/- 0.2, and 1.5 +/- 0.2 points on a 7-point Likert scale (0-6), respectively. Mean severity reported by interview (95% CI) was 1.4 (1.3-1.5) times higher than reported by questionnaire (P < .05). In conclusion, the GI symptom questionnaire is understandable and has good reproducibility for measuring the presence of GI symptoms, although symptom severity is consistently rated higher when reported by interview. PMID:16927133

Bovenschen, H J; Janssen, M J R; van Oijen, M G H; Laheij, R J F; van Rossum, L G M; Jansen, J B M J

2006-09-01

146

Reliability and validity of the Spanish Glasgow Benefit Inventory after cochlear implant surgery in adults.  

PubMed

In recent years, the outcome assessment of subjects undergoing otorhinolaryngological (ORL) intervention has relied increasingly upon patient-reported questionnaires. The English Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) is a reliable, sensitive and validated post-intervention questionnaire that is used to determine health-related quality-of-life (QoL) in patients following ORL intervention. The GBI has been translated into eight languages including Spanish. The present study aimed to determine the internal consistency and validity of the Spanish version of the GBI in patients with a cochlear implant (CI). 121 adult Spanish speaking patients with a CI were questioned retrospectively using the Spanish GBI. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach's ? coefficient; factor analyses were performed using principal component extraction with orthogonal rotation; and validity was confirmed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. The mean total score (mean ± standard deviation) of the GBI was 35.1 ± 23.6, 47.6 ± 28.9 for General Health, 17.9 ± 33.2 for Social Benefit and 1.7 ± 27.9 for Physical Health. The reliability was above 0.70 in all test domains. Using factor analyses a 4-factor solution that explained 63.2% of the variance was reached. The objective measures: bisyllables tested without lip-reading and without masking were correlated with the total score and the General Health subscales. The Spanish GBI is a reliable and practicable instrument for the assessment of health-related QoL in Spanish adult CI users. PMID:24337876

Sanchez-Cuadrado, Isabel; Lassaletta, Luis; Perez-Mora, Rosa; Muñoz, Elena; Gavilan, Javier

2015-02-01

147

Comparison of surgical hand scrub and alcohol surgical hand rub on reducing hand microbial burden.  

PubMed

This study was performed to compare the effects of two hand decontamination methods on the microbial burden of operating room staff hands. The surgical hand washing methods compared were a traditional surgical hand scrub using a povidone iodine solution, and a social wash using a liquid non-antibacterial soap followed by the application of an alcoholic hand rub. PMID:22724306

Ghorbani, Azam; Shahrokhi, Akram; Soltani, Zahra; Molapour, Azam; Shafikhani, Mahin

2012-02-01

148

A Helping Hand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps schools can take to provide cleaner and safer washrooms. Emphasizes hand-washing to battle germs and asserts that creating a comfortable and user-friendly washroom is a critical and often overlooked aspect for encouraging better hygiene habits. (EV)

Wilke, Arnie

2003-01-01

149

Hands-On Calculus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss manipulatives and hands-on investigations for Calculus involving volume, arc length, and surface area to motivate and develop formulae which can then be verified using techniques of integration. Pre-service teachers in calculus courses using these activities experience a classroom in which active learning is encouraged and…

Sutherland, Melissa

2006-01-01

150

Learning "Hands On."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a computer teacher's incorporation of hand-held computer technology into her third- and fifth-grade students' study of acid rain. The project successfully brought two grade levels together for cross-grade research, provided an opportunity for classroom teachers and technology specialists to work collaboratively, and enhanced students'…

Ritter, Janice T.

2001-01-01

151

Hands On Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a collection of 13 hands-on activities that focus on earth science-related activities and involve students in learning about growing crystals, tectonics, fossils, rock and minerals, modeling Ohio geology, geologic time, determining true north, and constructing scale-models of the Earth-moon system. Each activity contains…

Weisgarber, Sherry L.; Van Doren, Lisa; Hackathorn, Merrianne; Hannibal, Joseph T.; Hansgen, Richard

152

Rotationally Actuated Prosthetic Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Prosthetic hand attached to end of remaining part of forearm and to upper arm just above elbow. Pincerlike fingers pushed apart to degree depending on rotation of forearm. Simpler in design, simpler to operate, weighs less, and takes up less space.

Norton, William E.; Belcher, Jewell G., Jr.; Carden, James R.; Vest, Thomas W.

1991-01-01

153

Moving Hands, Moving Entities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigated with a priming paradigm whether uni and bimanual actions presented as primes differently affected language processing. Animals' (self-moving entities) and plants' (not self-moving entities) names were used as targets. As prime we used grasping hands, presented both as static images and videos. The results showed an…

Setti, Annalisa; Borghi, Anna M.; Tessari, Alessia

2009-01-01

154

Hands-On History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that interactive exhibits are more than just hands-on activities but utilize a range of techniques. The variety of techniques is explained with examples of various types of exhibits to involve the visitor in learning more about the exhibit. The paper presents several examples that strike a balance between educating in history…

Eldridge, Rachel M.

155

Hands-On Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally marketed as a personal organizer for mobile business executives and ardent technophiles, the handheld computer is beginning to catch educators' notice. A handful of school districts are piloting large-scale use of these portable devices, ranging in price from $149 to $450. (MLH)

Stover, Del

2001-01-01

156

Hand Biometrics Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore how engineers incorporate biometric technologies into products as well as the challenges of engineers who must weigh privacy, security and other issues when designing a system. Learners examine different biometric techniques, find their own hand geometry biometrics, and then work in teams of "engineers" to design a high-tech security system for a museum.

Ieee

2014-03-10

157

Hands-On Hydrology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A professional school and university collaboration enables elementary students and their teachers to explore hydrology concepts and realize the beneficial functions of wetlands. Hands-on experiences involve young students in determining water quality at field sites after laying the groundwork with activities related to the hydrologic cycle,…

Mathews, Catherine E.; Monroe, Louise Nelson

2004-01-01

158

Hands-on Herps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a hands-on activity to help primary, intermediate, and advanced students learn about and compare the general characteristics of reptiles and amphibians. Suggests "herp stations" to provide experiences. Details materials, background and procedures necessary for using this activity. (CW)

Science Activities, 1987

1987-01-01

159

Spanish Cinema and Pedro Almodóvar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how Spanish film evolved since the years of Franco’s dictatorship to the present. By examining the influence of Franco’s censorship on the film industry, this paper will analyze how his censorship affected the changes that took place in cinema after his death by analyzing the films of Pedro Almodóvar.\\u000aThe first part of this paper focuses on

Carol Murphy

2008-01-01

160

SPANISH PEAKS PRIMITIVE AREA, MONTANA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A mineral survey of the Spanish Peaks Primitive Area, Montana, disclosed a small low-grade deposit of demonstrated chromite and asbestos resources. The chances for discovery of additional chrome resources are uncertain and the area has little promise for the occurrence of other mineral or energy resources. A reevaluation, sampling at depth, and testing for possible extensions of the Table Mountain asbestos and chromium deposit should be undertaken in the light of recent interpretations regarding its geologic setting.

Calkins, James A.; Pattee, Eldon C.

1984-01-01

161

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

162

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

163

A Nutritional Questionnaire for Older Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a questionnaire assessing nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors of older adults. The questionnaire consists of six sections: demographic and personal information, food resources, food consumption patterns, dietary practices related to health, activity patterns, and nutritional knowledge. Study results demonstrating the…

Fanelli, Marie T.; Abernethy, Marilyn M.

1986-01-01

164

PREDICTION OF RELIABILITY IN BIOGRAPHICAL QUESTIONNAIRES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE (1) TO DEVELOP A GENERAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR LIFE HISTORY ITEMS, (2) TO DETERMINE TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY ESTIMATES, AND (3) TO ESTIMATE RESISTANCE TO EXAMINEE FAKING, FOR REPRESENTATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL QUESTIONNAIRES. TWO 100-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRES WERE CONSTRUCTED THROUGH RANDOM ASSIGNMENT BY CONTENT AREA OF 200…

STARRY, ALLAN R.

165

The Authority of the Student Evaluation Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the use of the student evaluation questionnaire as a means of teacher evaluation through the views of two university lecturers. Findings suggest that the use of student evaluation questionnaires as a means of summative and comparative appraisal has several negative implications for lecturers' understandings of teaching and their…

Johnson, Rachel

2000-01-01

166

Spanish Civil War: The Posters of the Spanish Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the BURN!, a website created by a group of Communications students at the University of California San Diego, the site features twenty-five posters from the Spanish Civil War. Each section is proceeded by a brief historical context and English translations are provided for each poster. Posters are offered as thumbnails for quick downloading. Some sample titles include: "The fascist hordes are trying to invade our land," "All the youth united for Spain," "The boss needs you -- you don't need the boss," and "Light Wages -- Heavy Tanks."

167

Don Quixote Meets "Ser" and "Estar": Multiple Perspectives on Language Learning in Spanish Literature Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multiple case study examines language-focused instruction in 3 university Spanish literature classes to examine the students' and instructors' perspectives on language learning in this context. The classes were studied for a semester through observations, instructor interviews and stimulated recalls, and student questionnaires. Among the…

Polio, Charlene; Zyzik, Eve

2009-01-01

168

Spanish Students' Conceptions about NOS and STS Issues: A Diagnostic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish students' beliefs on themes of Science-Technology-Society (STS) and nature of science (NOS) are assessed. The sample consisted of 1050 science and non-science students who had concluded their pre-university education (18-19 years old). Each participant anonymously answered 30 items drawn from the Questionnaire of Opinions on Science,…

Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; García-Carmona, Antonio; Manassero-Mas, María Antonia; Bennàssar-Roig, Antoni

2014-01-01

169

Cultural and Economic Mediation Among Spanish Speaking Migrant Farm Workers in Dade County, Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the study "Migrant Children in Florida", this paper discusses the Spanish speaking farm workers who migrate to Dade County yearly to harvest the tomato and fresh vegetable crops. During the fall of 1969 and the spring of 1970, questionnaires were given to a random sample of 9,065 adult migrant workers in Florida counties with significant…

Ferster, Lucian Edward

170

Emotional Eating Scale for Children and Adolescents: Psychometric Characteristics in a Spanish Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this study were to validate the Emotional Eating Scale version for children (EES-C) in a Spanish population and study the differences in emotional eating among children with binge eating (BE), overeating (OE), and no episodes of disordered eating (NED). The questionnaire was completed by 199 children aged 9 to 16 years. Confirmatory…

Perpina, Conxa; Cebolla, Ausias; Botella, Cristina; Lurbe, Empar; Torro, Maria-Isabel

2011-01-01

171

English Grammar for Students of Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grammar is a self-study manual intended to aid native speakers of English who are beginning the study of Spanish. It is designed to supplement the Spanish textbook. The common grammatical terms that are necessary for learning to speak and write Spanish are explained in English and illustrated by examples in both Spanish and English. The…

Spinelli, Emily

172

Carroll County hands-on elementary science  

SciTech Connect

Carroll County Hands-on Elementary Science is a nationally recognized Elementary Science Curriculum which has been disseminated in forty states, Puerto Rico, The Virgin Islands, Saipan, and Samoa. The curriculum is a non-textbook, process-based, constructivist approach to teaching science. Unique features of this curriculum include its teacher-written daily lesson plan format, its complete kit of science supplies, and its complete set of Spanish materials. In order to be included by the National Diffusion Network, Hands-on Elementary Science collected data to support the following claims: the program enhances teacher and student attitudes toward science; the program changes both the amount and the type of science instruction; the program is adaptable and transportable; the teacher training component is effective. The poster display will feature sample activities, data which demonstrates the effectiveness of the staff development plan, and samples which show the degree to which the program supports selected state curriculum frameworks.

Herlocker, H.G.; Dunkleberger, G.L. [Carroll County Public Schools, Westminster, MD (United States)

1994-12-31

173

Hand Washing in Emergency Situations  

E-print Network

it dry rather than rubbing it. ? If you use a disposable towel, throw it in the trash. Using alcohol-based products If soap and water are unavailable, use an alcohol-based product to clean your hands. Alcohol-based hand rubs can quickly reduce... on how much to use. When using an alcohol-based hand rub: ? Apply the product to the palm of one hand. ? Rub your hands together, making sure that all surfaces of your hands and fingers are covered with the hand rub, until they are dry...

Schoessow, Courtney

2005-09-30

174

Hands-on-CERN  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the Hands-On CERN project is to increase understanding of the most fundamental processes inside matter, and to explain modern research about particle collisions. The site includes many lab activities, interactive resources, and background information for teachers and learners. CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research. It's primary function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research. Its laboratory houses the LHC (Large Hadron Collider).

2011-09-13

175

Pediatric Hand Fractures  

PubMed Central

Summary Pediatric hand fractures are common childhood injuries. Identification of the fractures in the emergency room setting can be challenging owing to the physes and incomplete ossification of the carpus that are not revealed in the xrays. Most simple fractures can be treated with appropriate immobilization through buddy taping, finger splints, or casting. If correctly diagnosed, reduced and immobilized, these fractures usually result in excellent clinical outcomes. However, fractures may require operative stabilization if they have substantial angulation or rotation, extend into the joint, or cannot be held in a reduced position with splinting alone. Most fractures can be treated operatively with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning if addressed within the first week following the injury. In children, the thick, vascular-rich periosteum and bony remodeling potential make anatomic reductions and internal fixation rarely necessary. Most fractures complete bony healing in 3-4 weeks, with the scaphoid being a notable exception. Following immobilization, children rarely develop hand stiffness and formal occupational therapy is usually not necessary. Despite the high potential for excellent outcomes in pediatric hand fractures, some fractures remain difficult to diagnose and treat. PMID:24209954

Nellans, Kate W.; Chung, Kevin C.

2014-01-01

176

Compact Dexterous Robotic Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compact robotic hand includes a palm housing, a wrist section, and a forearm section. The palm housing supports a plurality of fingers and one or more movable palm members that cooperate with the fingers to grasp and/or release an object. Each flexible finger comprises a plurality of hingedly connected segments, including a proximal segment pivotally connected to the palm housing. The proximal finger segment includes at least one groove defining first and second cam surfaces for engagement with a cable. A plurality of lead screw assemblies each carried by the palm housing are supplied with power from a flexible shaft rotated by an actuator and output linear motion to a cable move a finger. The cable is secured within a respective groove and enables each finger to move between an opened and closed position. A decoupling assembly pivotally connected to a proximal finger segment enables a cable connected thereto to control movement of an intermediate and distal finger segment independent of movement of the proximal finger segment. The dexterous robotic hand closely resembles the function of a human hand yet is light weight and capable of grasping both heavy and light objects with a high degree of precision.

Lovchik, Christopher Scott (Inventor); Diftler, Myron A. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

177

Construction and validation of questionnaire to assess recreational noise exposure in university students.  

PubMed

Recreational noise exposure and its impact on hearing is a problem to which increasing attention is being paid. In Spanish, it is necessary to have a reliable and valid instrument that is capable of describing the extent of noise exposure. The aim was to create and validate an instrument to determine listening habits and levels of recreational noise exposure in young people. We performed a transversal questionnaire validation study using university students. We assessed the validity of the content and appearance of the "Recreational Hearing Habits Questionnaire" (CHAR in Spanish) through experts' judgment. Then we piloted the administration of semantic adaptation with 30 students. Finally, the instrument was applied to 335 Chilean university students, obtaining with these indicators that demonstrated convergent validity of the construct, criterion and reliability. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, as well as correlation and agreement tests. It was confirmed that 14 questions in the questionnaire have a good item-test correlation, having also a factorial structure that indicates the existence of three-dimensions. The questionnaire has good internal consistency and convergent validity with the Noise Exposure Questionnaire. In addition, the score obtained in the CHAR is a predictor of the presence of notch at frequencies of 4 kHz in the right ear and 6 kHz in the left. The CHAR is useful for determining listening habits and thereby recreational noise exposure, indicating good psychometric properties. PMID:25209039

Fuentes López, Eduardo A; Morales, Felipe Cardemil

2014-01-01

178

Screening Questionnaires for Parkinsonism: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common, treatable movement disorder that often remains undiagnosed despite clinically manifest symptoms. Screening for parkinsonism could lead to improved detection and earlier treatment, and facilitate research studies of PD prevalence. In order to determine the feasibility of screening, this study evaluated the validity of previously developed screening questionnaires. We systematically searched online databases PubMed and EMBASE for English-language studies published between 1980 and 2009. In each database a “Parkinson(s) disease” or “parkinsonism” term was combined with a screening term (“screening instrument,” screening questionnaire,” “screen” or “prevalence survey”) and a validity term (“validation,” “sensitivity” and “specificity”). Included studies reported the psychometric properties of at least one self-report questionnaire for parkinsonism. Twenty-seven studies met the inclusion criteria. From these studies, 9 screening questionnaires were identified. Sensitivity and specificity estimates varied widely. Sensitivity estimates were as high as 100% when questionnaires were tested among previously diagnosed PD patients and included a high number of parkinsonism-specific items, but were as low as 48% when tested among early cases in a community-based sample. Specificity estimates were lower, ranging from 22–100%. An older sample, presence of multiple co-morbid conditions and lower literacy led to lower specificity estimates. Higher specificity estimates were seen when the screening questionnaires were administered by a physician. Screening questionnaires can detect symptomatic parkinsonism. However, the performance of these questionnaires varied based on the individual items, study sample, and method of administration. The performance of screening questionnaires in the detection of early or mild parkinsonism was modest. PMID:21930414

Dahodwala, Nabila; Siderowf, Andrew; Baumgarten, Mona; Abrams, Aaron; Karlawish, Jason

2011-01-01

179

Distinction between hand dominance and hand preference in primates: a behavioral investigation of manual dexterity in nonhuman primates (macaques) and human subjects  

PubMed Central

Background The present study aimed to determine and confront hand preference (hand chosen in priority to perform a manual dexterity task) and hand dominance (hand with best motor performance) in eight macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and in 20 human subjects (10 left-handers and 10 right-handers). Methods Four manual dexterity tests have been executed by the monkeys, over several weeks during learning and stable performance phases (in controlled body position): the modified Brinkman board, the reach and grasp drawer, the tube and the bimanual board tasks. Three behavioral tests, adapted versions from the monkeys tasks (modified Brinkman board, tube and bimanual board tasks), as well as a handedness questionnaire, have been conducted in human subjects. Results In monkeys, there was a large disparity across individuals and motor tasks. For hand dominance, two monkeys were rather right lateralized, three monkeys rather left lateralized, whereas in three monkeys, the different parameters measured were not consistent. For hand preference, none of the eight monkeys exhibited a homogeneous lateralization across the four motor tasks. Macaca fascicularis do not exhibit a clear hand preference. Furthermore, hand preference often changed with task repetition, both during training and plateau phases. For human subjects, the hand preference mostly followed the self-assessment of lateralization by the subjects and the questionnaire (in the latter, right-handers were more lateralized than left-handers), except a few discrepancies based on the tube task. There was no hand dominance in seven right-handers (the other three performed better with the right hand) and in four left-handers. Five left-handers showed left-hand dominance, whereas surprisingly, one left-hander performed better with the right hand. In the modified Brinkman board task, females performed better than males, right-handers better than left-handers. Conclusions The present study argues for a distinction between hand preference and hand dominance, especially in macaque monkeys. PMID:24392278

Chatagny, Pauline; Badoud, Simon; Kaeser, Mélanie; Gindrat, Anne-Dominique; Savidan, Julie; Fregosi, Michela; Moret, Véronique; Roulin, Christine; Schmidlin, Eric; Rouiller, Eric M

2013-01-01

180

[Colors, tastes, numbers?: synesthesia in a Spanish sample].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. Synesthesia is a neural phenomenon in which stimulation in one sensory or cognitive stream leads to associated experiences in a second, unstimulated stream. These activations occur involuntarily, automatically and consistently over time. AIM. To estimate the relative frequency of the different modalities of the phenomenon in a Spanish sample. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Study performed in educational (55.04%), labor (20.54%) and digital contexts (24.4%) using the Synesthesia Questionnaire created by Artecitta Foundation. RESULTS. The analysis of the responses given by 803 participants suggests that 13.95% of the sample experience any synesthesia. The analysis of the relative frequencies shows that the most frequent modality is spatial sequence synesthesia (44.6%). 33.9% see colors when listening to sounds and/or music, 25.9% associate colors to temporal concepts, 20.5% assign gender and personality to letters and numbers, 10.7% experience grapheme-color synesthesia and 5.4% feel a specific flavor when hearing words. CONCLUSIONS. These data suggest that the presence of synesthesia in the Spanish sample under study is high, and that the investigation of the phenomenon and its different modalities needs to be approached on the basis of the current knowledge about its phenomenological variability and its genetic and neurophysiologic characteristics. Likewise, the results are useful to adjust the questionnaire items and increase their discriminative power. PMID:25670043

Melero, H; Pena-Melian, A; Rios-Lago, M

2015-02-16

181

Comprehending Conceptual Anaphors in Spanish  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the mechanisms involved in the assignment of an antecedent to an anaphoric element. In general, pronouns must match their antecedents at least with respect to number and gender. Sensitivity to such constraints has been shown in several experiments. But Gernsbacher (1991) has also shown that people have no difficulty comprehending a plural pronoun with an antecedent that is grammatically singular but conceptually plural. In the first three experiments, we tested whether such a “conceptual effect” was preserved with zero anaphors in Spanish. (The typical omission of pronouns in subject position in Spanish.) Verbs in a second clause were marked with plural or singular endings. Plural verbs were rated more natural than singular verbs when they followed three types of singular but conceptually plural antecedents (Experiment 1). Clauses containing plural verbs were read faster when they followed one type of singular but conceptually plural antecedents, i.e. collective sets (Experiments 2 and 3). In fact, clauses containing plural verbs were read equally fast when they followed literally singular collective sets or explicitly group nouns. Using pronominal anaphors, these reading time effects were replicated and extended to sentences that contained generic types as antecedents (Experiment 4). The results are discussed in terms of the use of information during the comprehension of anaphors. PMID:25425750

Carreiras, Manuel; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

2014-01-01

182

[Erosive hand osteoarthritis].  

PubMed

Erosive hand osteoarthritis is common and debilitating. Diagnosis is based on the presence of bone erosions which can appear late. Ultrasonography allows earlier diagnosis. The presence of apatite deposits could be of poor prognosis. Non pharmacological treatment includes the explanation of the inflammatory phenomena involved and the use of splints and physical therapy. Drug therapy includes analgesics, NSAIDs and infiltration of a steroid. Chondroitin sulfates have an analgesic and functional effect proven. DMARDs such as hydroxychloroquine and methotrexate have been used successfully. Some patients also benefited from isotope synoviortheses. New therapeutic ways, based on the pathophysiology of the disease, are new under evaluation. PMID:23534244

Van Linthoudt, D; Gabay, C; So, A K L

2013-03-13

183

Hands-On Meteorology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hands-On Meteorology is a collection of interactive concept models and active learning materials for meteorology instruction. The concept models illustrate conceptually difficult processes in atmospheric science. Users change parameters in the concept models and examine the outcomes of such changes. Concept models allow for student note keeping and data export. Active learning exercises are provided as guided instruction to the concept models and to assist teachers in developing lessons. Active learning exercises are also available for meteorology topics that currently do not have a concept model.

Charlevoix, Donna

2002-01-01

184

EXIT INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE FACULTY AND STAFF  

E-print Network

&T to a friend or colleague? Yes No Please explain. _____ 14. What most helped you achieve your goals at Missouri1 EXIT INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE ­ FACULTY AND STAFF Missouri University of Science and Technology

Missouri-Rolla, University of

185

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies - References  

Cancer.gov

Wareham NJ, Jakes RW, Rennie KL et al. Validity and repeatability of a simple index derived from the short physical activity questionnaire used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.

186

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Cancer.gov

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

187

Hand Washing Among School Children in Bogotá, Colombia  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We assessed hand-washing behaviors and intentions among school children in Bogotá, Colombia, to help identify and overcome barriers to proper hygiene practices. Methods. Data on hand-washing behavior and intentions and individual and contextual factors were collected from 2042 sixth- through eighth-grade students in 25 schools in Bogotá via anonymous questionnaires. A member of the school administration or teaching staff completed a questionnaire about the school environment. Site inspections of bathroom facilities were conducted. Results. Only 33.6% of the sample reported always or very often washing hands with soap and clean water before eating and after using the toilet. About 7% of students reported regular access to soap and clean water at school. A high level of perceived control was the strongest predictor of positive hand-washing intentions (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 6.0; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.8, 7.5). Students with proper hand-washing behavior were less likely to report previous-month gastrointestinal symptoms (OR = 0.8; 95% CI = 0.6, 0.9) or previous-year school absenteeism (OR = 0.7; 95% CI = 0.6, 0.9). Conclusions. Scarcity of adequate facilities in most schools in Bogotá prevents children from adopting proper hygienic behavior and thwarts health promotion efforts. The current renovation program of public schools in Bogotá provides a unique opportunity to meet the challenges of providing a supportive environment for adoption of healthy behaviors. PMID:19008513

Lopez-Quintero, Catalina; Freeman, Paul

2009-01-01

188

Artificial dexterous hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An artificial dexterous hand is provided for conformally engaging and manipulating objects. The hand includes an articulated digit which is connected to an engagement sub-assembly and has a first shape adaption mechanism associated with it. The digit has a digit base and first and second phalanges. The digit base is operatively interconnected to the first phalange by a base joint having a base pulley. The phalanges are operatively interconnected by a separate first phalange joint having a first phalange pulley. The engagement sub-assembly includes a tendon, which is received by the base pulley and by the first phalange pulley, and an actuation device for selectively tensioning the tendon. The first shape adaption mechanism is responsive to and receives the tendon. It is also situated between the base joint and the first phalange joint and is connected to the first phalange. Upon actuation by the actuation device, the phalanges are caused to pivot relative to the base joint and the second phalange is caused to pivot relative to the first phalange. At the same time, the first shape adaption mechanism controls the sequence of the aforementioned pivoting of the phalanges through application of braking force to the tendon.

Lee, Sukhan (Inventor)

1990-01-01

189

Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between stimuli triggering a hand grasping movement and the subsequent action were studied in normal human participants. Participants were instructed to prepare to grasp a bar, oriented either clockwise or counterclockwise, and to grasp it as fast as possible on presentation of a visual stimulus with their right hand. The visual stimuli were pictures of the right hand

Laila Craighero; Arianna Bello; Luciano Fadiga; Giacomo Rizzolatti

2002-01-01

190

Hands Up: Attentional Prioritization of Space Near the Hand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored whether hand location affected spatial attention. The authors used a visual covert-orienting paradigm to examine whether spatial attention mechanisms--location prioritization and shifting attention--were supported by bimodal, hand-centered representations of space. Placing 1 hand next to a target location, participants detected…

Reed, Catherine L.; Grubb, Jefferson D.; Steele, Cleophus

2006-01-01

191

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

PubMed Central

Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = <0.00001). Shorter questionnaires also improved response rates to a lesser degree (odds ratio 1.4, 95% confidence interval 1.19 to 1.54). No evidence was found that incentives, re-ordering of questions or including an information brochure with the questionnaire confer any additional advantage. Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation. PMID:16504090

Nakash, Rachel A; Hutton, Jane L; Jørstad-Stein, Ellen C; Gates, Simon; Lamb, Sarah E

2006-01-01

192

Development and validation of an attributional style questionnaire for adolescents.  

PubMed

We describe the development and psychometric characteristics of a new version of the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ; Seligman, Abramson, Semmell, & Von Baeyer, 1979)--a version called the Attributional Style Questionnaire for Adolescents (ASQ-A)--using 3 samples (Ns = 547, 438, and 240) of Spanish secondary school students. In Study 1, the initial pool of 87 items was reduced to 54. Study 2 further analyzed the 54 scale items and revealed that the Internality, Stability, and Globality subscale scores had good reliability, good factorial construct validity, and satisfactory associations with maladaptive mood ratings. In Study 3, the regression analyses showed good and specific predictive validities of ASQ-A subscales for the attributions that the adolescents made about a particular real-life stressful situation. Study 4 showed that over an 8-month period the changes in the Stability and Globality subscales depended on the intensity of stressful life events experienced in this period. Overall, the studies revealed that the new ASQ-A served as an appropriate instrument to assess attributional style in adolescents. PMID:20822260

Rodríguez-Naranjo, Carmen; Caño, Antonio

2010-12-01

193

Cardiovascular responses to isometric hand grip vs. relaxed hand grip in sustained cycling efforts.  

PubMed

Peripheral isometric contractions may lead to enhanced performance. Previous research using hand grip protocols indicates increased stabilization and peak power outputs. Research is lacking with the grip vs. no-grip protocol during sustained efforts. The purpose of this study is to determine cardiovascular reactions (i.e., heart rate [HR], blood pressure [BP], and rate pressure product [RPP]) during sustained cycling via an isometric and relaxed hand grip. Nine (n = 9) recreational cyclists participated in this study. After signing a medical and physical readiness questionnaire, the subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 different protocols. Preexercising values of the HR (beats per minute), BP (miilimeters of mercury), height (centimeters), weight (kilograms), and age (years) were assessed before testing. A Monark bicycle ergometer was used for testing. Grip was substantiated through the use of a hand grip dynamometer at 20 kg of tension. Protocol 1 used an isometric "Hand Grip" scenario at 150 W for 20 minutes. Protocol 2 used a "Relaxed Hand Grip" at the same power and time. During the 20-minute exercise test, HR (POLAR), BP (stethoscope and sphygmomanometer), and calculated RPP (HR × systolic BP [SPB]/100) were recorded every minute. Statistical measures included mean and SDs between protocols, and dependent samples t-tests were used to examine differences between grip and no-grip protocols. At an alpha of ?0.05, SBP did show a significant increase when using no grip, 161.4 (5.1) mm Hg vs. grip, 154.1 (6.6) mm Hg. However, rate pressure product and heart rate showed no significant differences between protocols. Our data suggested that the use of an isometric hand grip is transient and diminishes over time. PMID:22105053

Canivel, Randy G; Wyatt, Frank B; Baker, Julien S

2012-11-01

194

American Society of Hand Therapists  

MedlinePLUS

... ago "The Sensorimotor System and its Relationship to Hand Therapy: Current Evidence and Clinical Application": http://t. ... 1 day 6 hours ago #Job opportunity: Certified Hand Therapist - Litchfield Hills Orthopedic Associates - Torrington, CT http:// ...

195

Hand-foot-mouth disease  

MedlinePLUS

Hand-foot-mouth disease is a common viral infection that most often begins in the throat. ... Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is most commonly caused by a virus called coxsackievirus A16. Children ...

196

Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... visit this page: About CDC.gov . Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives When & How to Wash Hands — Key times and tips Show Me the Science — ... more about when and how to wash your hands, the importance of using soap and water, and ...

197

Altered Vision Near the Hands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored the manner in which hand position may affect visual processing. We studied three classic visual attention tasks (visual search, inhibition of return, and attentional blink) during which the participants held their hands either near the stimulus display, or far from the display. Remarkably, the hands altered visual…

Abrams, Richard A.; Davoli, Christopher C.; Du, Feng; Knapp, William H., III; Paull, Daniel

2008-01-01

198

Hands-On Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past four years, with support from the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense, Hands-On Universe (HOU) has developed and piloted an educational program that enables high school students to request their own observations from professional observatories. HOU students download CCD images from automated telescopes to their classroom computers and use the HOU- IP image processing software to visualize and analyze their data. HOU also provides comprehensive curriculum that integrates many of the topics and skills outlined in the national goals for science and math education into open-ended astronomical investigations. Over the next several years HOU will be implemented in undergraduate programs, middle schools, and informal science education centers.

Hoette, V.; Pack, H.; Spuck, T.; Rodriguez, B.; Lohman, R.; Toler, D.; Morin, T.; Pennypacker, C.; Gordon, S.; Marshall, A.; Refling, J.; Asbell-Clarke, J.; Barclay, T.

1996-12-01

199

Hands-On Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hands-On Universe (HOU) is an educational program that enables students to investigate the Universe while applying tools and concepts from science, math, and technology. Using the Internet, HOU participants around the world request observations from an automated telescope, download images from a large image archive, and analyze them with the aid of image processing software. Student resources include a tutorial on finding asteroids in a pair of images and an astronomical tool to find constellations of stars. Teacher resources include a middle school solar system curriculum and teacher courses. There are also activities such as creating a model of the Moon, a star finder, and a flip-book animation of Jupiter.

200

CINDOC, CSIC, and Spanish R and D  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The organizational structure and functional activities of the Spanish Center for Scientific Information and Documentation (CINDOC) are discussed. The library holds 8,500 journals, including all the Spanish scientific journals; 16,000 books and 20 CD-ROM data bases. CINDOC creates and distributes its own data bases that include all the articles published in Spanish scientific journals.

Delaviesca, Rosa

1994-01-01

201

Validation study of the Questionnaire on School Maladjustment Problems (QSMP).  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyze the exploratory and confirmatory structure, as well as other psychometric properties, of the Cuestionario de Problemas de Convivencia Escolar (CPCE; in Spanish, the Questionnaire on School Maladjustment Problems [QSMP]), using a sample of Spanish adolescents. The instrument was administered to 60 secondary education teachers (53.4% females and 46.6% males) between the ages of 28 and 54 years (M= 41.2, SD= 11.5), who evaluated a total of 857 adolescent students. The first-order exploratory factor analysis identified 7 factors, explaining a total variance of 62%. A second-order factor analysis yielded three dimensions that explain 84% of the variance. A confirmatory factor analysis was subsequently performed in order to reduce the number of factors obtained in the exploratory analysis as well as the number of items. Lastly, we present the results of reliability, internal consistency, and validity indices. These results and their implications for future research and for the practice of educational guidance and intervention are discussed in the conclusions. PMID:22420365

de la Fuente Arias, Jesús; Peralta Sánchez, Francisco Javier; Sánchez Roda, María Dolores; Trianes Torres, María Victoria

2012-05-01

202

Swedish translation and validation of a web-based questionnaire for registration of overuse problems.  

PubMed

The main aim of this study was to translate the Oslo Sport Trauma Research Center (OSTRC) Overuse Injury Questionnaire into Swedish. The validity and applicability of the questionnaire for studying overuse injuries among Swedish handball, volleyball, tennis, and orienteering top athletes were also examined. The back-translation method was used for translation. An expert committee further developed it for use in a study of injuries in handball, orienteering, tennis, and volleyball. A 10-week pretest was then conducted on 43 athletes, average age 21 (18-31) from these sports, during which time the athletes completed the modified OSTRC questionnaire on a weekly basis. In the 10th week, four additional questions were added in order to examine the questionnaire's content validity. No major disagreement was found in the translation. The athletes perceived the web-based questionnaire to be smooth and easy to complete, accurately capturing overuse injuries. However, suggestions were made to add questions relating to the hip for orienteerers and to the hand/fingers for handball players. The average prevalence of overuse injuries for all athletes, in any anatomical area was 22% (95% confidence interval 20-25). Construct validity appeared to be high, and we therefore suggest that the questionnaire may be used when studying overuse injuries in different sports. PMID:24313387

Ekman, E; Frohm, A; Ek, P; Hagberg, J; Wirén, C; Heijne, A

2015-02-01

203

Unimanual SNARC Effect: Hand Matters.  

PubMed

A structural representation of the hand embedding information about the identity and relative position of fingers is necessary to counting routines. It may also support associations between numbers and allocentric spatial codes that predictably interact with other known numerical spatial representations, such as the mental number line (MNL). In this study, 48 Western participants whose typical counting routine proceeded from thumb-to-little on both hands performed magnitude and parity binary judgments. Response keys were pressed either with the right index and middle fingers or with the left index and middle fingers in separate blocks. 24 participants responded with either hands in prone posture (i.e., palm down) and 24 participants responded with either hands in supine (i.e., palm up) posture. When hands were in prone posture, the counting direction of the left hand conflicted with the direction of the left-right MNL, whereas the counting direction of the right hand was consistent with it. When hands were in supine posture, the opposite was true. If systematic associations existed between relative number magnitude and an allocentric spatial representation of the finger series within each hand, as predicted on the basis of counting habits, interactions would be expected between hand posture and a unimanual version of the spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) effect. Data revealed that with hands in prone posture a unimanual SNARC effect was present for the right hand, and with hands in supine posture a unimanual SNARC effect was present for the left hand. We propose that a posture-invariant body structural representation of the finger series provides a relevant frame of reference, a within-hand directional vector, that is associated to simple number processing. Such frame of reference can significantly interact with stimulus-response correspondence effects, like the SNARC, that have been typically attributed to the mapping of numbers on a left-to-right mental line. PMID:22207856

Riello, Marianna; Rusconi, Elena

2011-01-01

204

Unimanual SNARC Effect: Hand Matters  

PubMed Central

A structural representation of the hand embedding information about the identity and relative position of fingers is necessary to counting routines. It may also support associations between numbers and allocentric spatial codes that predictably interact with other known numerical spatial representations, such as the mental number line (MNL). In this study, 48 Western participants whose typical counting routine proceeded from thumb-to-little on both hands performed magnitude and parity binary judgments. Response keys were pressed either with the right index and middle fingers or with the left index and middle fingers in separate blocks. 24 participants responded with either hands in prone posture (i.e., palm down) and 24 participants responded with either hands in supine (i.e., palm up) posture. When hands were in prone posture, the counting direction of the left hand conflicted with the direction of the left–right MNL, whereas the counting direction of the right hand was consistent with it. When hands were in supine posture, the opposite was true. If systematic associations existed between relative number magnitude and an allocentric spatial representation of the finger series within each hand, as predicted on the basis of counting habits, interactions would be expected between hand posture and a unimanual version of the spatial–numerical association of response codes (SNARC) effect. Data revealed that with hands in prone posture a unimanual SNARC effect was present for the right hand, and with hands in supine posture a unimanual SNARC effect was present for the left hand. We propose that a posture-invariant body structural representation of the finger series provides a relevant frame of reference, a within-hand directional vector, that is associated to simple number processing. Such frame of reference can significantly interact with stimulus–response correspondence effects, like the SNARC, that have been typically attributed to the mapping of numbers on a left-to-right mental line. PMID:22207856

Riello, Marianna; Rusconi, Elena

2011-01-01

205

Harvard University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Harvard University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire Medical No Instructions: All employees must be medically evaluated prior to use of respiratory protection. Employees may University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire Medical Evaluation Questionnaire

Heller, Eric

206

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section...Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for...

2010-01-01

207

Crossing the Hands Increases Illusory Self-Touch  

PubMed Central

Manipulation of hand posture, such as crossing the hands, has been frequently used to study how the body and its immediately surrounding space are represented in the brain. Abundant data show that crossed arms posture impairs remapping of tactile stimuli from somatotopic to external space reference frame and deteriorates performance on several tactile processing tasks. Here we investigated how impaired tactile remapping affects the illusory self-touch, induced by the non-visual variant of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) paradigm. In this paradigm blindfolded participants (Experiment 1) had their hands either uncrossed or crossed over the body midline. The strength of illusory self-touch was measured with questionnaire ratings and proprioceptive drift. Our results showed that, during synchronous tactile stimulation, the strength of illusory self-touch increased when hands were crossed compared to the uncrossed posture. Follow-up experiments showed that the increase in illusion strength was not related to unfamiliar hand position (Experiment 2) and that it was equally strengthened regardless of where in the peripersonal space the hands were crossed (Experiment 3). However, while the boosting effect of crossing the hands was evident from subjective ratings, the proprioceptive drift was not modulated by crossed posture. Finally, in contrast to the illusion increase in the non-visual RHI, the crossed hand postures did not alter illusory ownership or proprioceptive drift in the classical, visuo-tactile version of RHI (Experiment 4). We argue that the increase in illusory self-touch is related to misalignment of somatotopic and external reference frames and consequently inadequate tactile-proprioceptive integration, leading to re-weighting of the tactile and proprioceptive signals.The present study not only shows that illusory self-touch can be induced by crossing the hands, but importantly, that this posture is associated with a stronger illusion. PMID:24699795

Pozeg, Polona; Rognini, Giulio; Salomon, Roy; Blanke, Olaf

2014-01-01

208

The Flinders Handedness survey (FLANDERS): a brief measure of skilled hand preference.  

PubMed

Knowing whether an individual prefers the left or right hand for skilled activities is important to researchers in experimental psychology and neuroscience. The current study reports on a new measure of skilled hand preference derived from the Provins and Cunliffe (1972) handedness inventory. Undergraduates (n = 3324) indicated their lateral preference for their hands, feet, eyes and ears. A measure of hand performance and familial handedness was also obtained. Factor analysis identified ten items that loaded on skilled hand preference and these were included in the new FLANDERS questionnaire. Cluster analysis of the new questionnaire revealed three distinct groups (left-, mixed- & right-handed). The new test showed a strong association with other measures of lateral preference and hand performance. Scores on the test were also related to the sex of the respondent and the hand preference of their parents. The FLANDERS provides a measure of skilled hand preference that is easy to administer and understand and should be useful for experimenters wanting to screen for hand preference. PMID:23498655

Nicholls, Michael E R; Thomas, Nicole A; Loetscher, Tobias; Grimshaw, Gina M

2013-01-01

209

Management perception and marketing strategy in export performance : A comparative analysis in Italian and Spanish textile-clothing sector (part 2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This is the second of two papers which examine the Italian and Spanish textile-clothing sector. The purpose of this paper is to focuse on the key factors in the international performance of textile manufacturing companies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In order to compare Spanish and Italian cases, the empirical study used a standardized questionnaire for collecting data. The cases analysed

Rossano Eusebio; Joan Llonch Andreu; M. Pilar López Belbeze

2007-01-01

210

Hand preference and skilled hand performance among individuals with successful rightward conversions of the writing hand.  

PubMed

Searleman and Porac (2001) studied lateral preference patterns among successfully switched left-hand writers, left-hand writers with no switch pressure history, and left-hand writers who did not switch when pressured. They concluded that left-handers who successfully shift to right-hand writing are following an inherent right-sided lateralisation pattern that they already possess. Searleman and Porac suggested that the neural mechanisms that control lateralisation in the successfully switched individuals are systematically different from those of other groups of left-handers. I examined patterns of skilled and less-skilled hand preference and skilled hand performance in a sample of 394 adults (ages 18-94 years). The sample contained successfully switched left-hand writers, left-handers pressured to shift who remained left-hand writers, left-handers who did not experience shift pressures, and right-handers. Both skilled hand preference and skilled hand performance were shifted towards the right side in successfully switched left-hand writers. This group also displayed mixed patterns of hand preference and skilled hand performance in that they were not as right-sided as "natural" right-handers nor were they as left-sided as the two left-hand writing groups, which did not differ from each other. The experience of being pressured to switch to right-hand writing was not sufficient to shift lateralisation patterns; the pressures must be experienced in the context of an underlying neural control mechanism that is amenable to change as a result of these external influences. PMID:18720207

Porac, Clare

2009-03-01

211

Patient-reported physical activity questionnaires: A systematic review of content and format  

PubMed Central

Background Many patients with chronic illness are limited in their physical activities. This systematic review evaluates the content and format of patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires that measure physical activity in elderly and chronically ill populations. Methods Questionnaires were identified by a systematic literature search of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO & CINAHL), hand searches (reference sections and PROQOLID database) and expert input. A qualitative analysis was conducted to assess the content and format of the questionnaires and a Venn diagram was produced to illustrate this. Each stage of the review process was conducted by at least two independent reviewers. Results 104 questionnaires fulfilled our criteria. From these, 182 physical activity domains and 1965 items were extracted. Initial qualitative analysis of the domains found 11 categories. Further synthesis of the domains found 4 broad categories: 'physical activity related to general activities and mobility', 'physical activity related to activities of daily living', 'physical activity related to work, social or leisure time activities', and '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity'. The Venn diagram showed that no questionnaires covered all 4 categories and that the '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity' category was often not combined with the other categories. Conclusions A large number of questionnaires with a broad range of physical activity content were identified. Although the content could be broadly organised, there was no consensus on the content and format of physical activity PRO questionnaires in elderly and chronically ill populations. Nevertheless, this systematic review will help investigators to select a physical activity PRO questionnaire that best serves their research question and context. PMID:22414164

2012-01-01

212

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years. PMID:23758965

2013-01-01

213

FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire  

E-print Network

situations Inspired students to set and achieve goals which really challenged them. Asked students to share to real life situations. (M) Inspired students to set and achieve goals which really challenged them. (MFRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire Dear Student, In order to help us

214

Assessment of fear of fear in agoraphobics: The Body Sensations Questionnaire and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire, companion measures for assessing aspects of fear of fear (panic attacks) in agoraphobics. The instruments were administered to 175 agoraphobics (mean age 37.64 yrs) and 43 controls (mean age 36.13 yrs) who were similar in sex and marital status to experimental Ss. Results show that the instruments

Dianne L. Chambless; G. Craig Caputo; Priscilla Bright; Richard Gallagher

1984-01-01

215

Reliability of the Conflict Resolution Questionnaire: Considerations for Using and Developing Internet-Based Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current information age, there is a growing use of and reliance on the Internet. One area of concern for educators is the communication of information using an electronic questionnaire interface. Therefore, it seems pertinent to look at the issue of dissemination of Internet questionnaire information and the integrity of this process.…

Henning, Marcus

2004-01-01

216

[Spanish adaptation of the "Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale" for adolescent population].  

PubMed

Problematic use of the mobile telephone is an emerging phenomenon in our society, and one which particularly affects the teenage population. Knowledge from research on the problematic use of this technology is necessary, since such use can give rise to a behavioural pattern with addictive characteristics. There are hardly any scales for measuring possible problematic use of mobile phones, and none at all adapted exclusively for the Spanish adolescent population. The scale most widely used internationally is the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale (MPPUS). The aim of the present study is to adapt the MPPUS for use with Spanish adolescents. The Spanish version of the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 1132 adolescents aged 12 to 18. Reliability and factorial validity were comparable to those obtained in adult population, so that the measure of problematic mobile phone use in Spanish teenagers is one-dimensional. A prevalence of 14.8% of problematic users was detected. PMID:22648315

López-Fernández, Olatz; Honrubia-Serrano, Ma Luisa; Freixa-Blanxart, Montserrat

2012-01-01

217

Semantic and Pragmatic Functions of the Spanish Diminutive in Spanish in Contact with Quechua.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data from the Spanish of Quechua-Spanish bilinguals that exemplify a contact situation that gives rise to a process called structural interference. Concentrates on the use of the diminutive in the Spanish of speakers of Spanish in the Andes. (Author/VWL)

Escobar, Anna Maria

2001-01-01

218

Validation of a Spanish language version of the pain self-perception scale in patients with fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Pain Self-Perception Scale (PSPS) is a 24-item questionnaire used to assess mental defeat in chronic pain patients. The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish language version of the PSPS (PSPS-Spanish), to assess the instrument's psychometric properties in a sample of patients with fibromyalgia and to confirm a possible overlapping between mental defeat and pain catastrophizing.

J García-Campayo; B Rodero; Y López del Hoyo; JV Luciano; M Alda; M Gili

2010-01-01

219

Pain drawing as an investigative tool in hand surgery.  

PubMed

Fifty consecutive patients referred to the departments of hand surgery in Malmö and Lund were asked to chart their pain on a diagram of the body before their first visit to the clinic. Three patients never answered the questionnaire and were excluded. The drawings were evaluated separately by a senior hand surgeon without access to the case records. In 19 of 47 cases (40%) the evaluation of the pain drawings agreed with the clinical diagnosis. In another 17% (8 of 47), in which the pain drawings had indicated a condition not related to hand surgery, clinical examination failed to establish a diagnosis. The evaluation of the drawings had a false negative rate of 4% (2 of 47). In the remaining 18 cases pain drawings did not give enough information for diagnosis because of the variety of symptoms. Pain drawing seems to be valuable in the evaluation of patients with chronic pain in the upper extremity. PMID:1470874

Arner, M; Kopylov, P; Holmberg, J

1992-01-01

220

TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy  

E-print Network

TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy Associate professor in Computer Science Techniques ­ 16 Route de Gray- F-25030 Besançon cedex Introduction Within the framework of the action "TICS. The modelling of the "Territorial Intelligence Community Systems", or TICS is useful to transcribe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

221

University of Michigan Drug Education Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses attitudes toward potential drug education programs and drug use practices in college students. The 87 items (multiple choice or free response) pertain to the history and extent of usage of 27 different drugs, including two non-existent drugs which may be utilized as a validity check; attitude toward the content, format,…

Francis, John Bruce; Patch, David J.

222

Diagnosis of Twin Zygosity by Mailed Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A deterministic questionnaire method for zygosity determination is developed for use in epidemiological studies of adult twins. It is based on the answers of both members of a twin pair to two questions on similarity and confusion in childhood. The algorithm of the method is used to determine the zygosity status of a twin pair at two different levels of

Seppo Sarna; Jaakko Kaprio; Pertti Sistonen; Markku Koskenvuo

1978-01-01

223

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

224

Print Name_______________________________________________________________________________ (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire)  

E-print Network

-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) YES NO 1. Has your doctor ever said that you have a heart condition and that you should only do physical activity recommended by a doctor? 2. Do you feel pain in your chest when you do physical activity? 3. In the past month, have you had chest pain when you were

225

Canadian Version of the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and the DHQ nutrient database were modified for use in Canada through the collaborative efforts of Dr. Amy Subar and staff at the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, and Dr. Ilona Csizmadi and colleagues in the Division of Population Health and Information at the Alberta Cancer Board in Canada.

226

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

PubMed

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

227

INSURANCE & CLAIMS MANAGEMENT SPECIAL EVENTS QUESTIONNAIRE  

E-print Network

INSURANCE & CLAIMS MANAGEMENT SPECIAL EVENTS QUESTIONNAIRE TODAY'S DATE: / / 1. TITLE OF EVENT: 2. IS THERE AN ADMISSION CHARGE? YES NO IF YES, AMOUNT OF ADMISSION? 17. SPONSOR INSURED BY: 18. ADDRESS OF INSURER: INSURANCE & CLAIMS MGT. WILL DETERMINE INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS AND MAY REQUIRE CERTIFICATES OF INSURANCE

228

A questionnaire measure of achievement motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted 3 studies with 125, 67, and 118 male undergraduates to investigate the possibility of constructing a new questionnaire to measure the achievement motive. Study I started with an initial item pool whose content ranged over 10 aspects thought to be characteristic of an individual who is highly motivated to achieve. Items embodying all except 1 aspect were included in

Hubert J. Hermans

1970-01-01

229

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire  

E-print Network

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire rev AA.01 2013/04/02 GUIDELINES which exceed the normal schedule by completing this Energy Exception Request and submitting it to the Office of Energy Management. Energy Management will prepare a cost analysis and return

Rock, Chris

230

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________________  

E-print Network

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE and/or efficacy of a drug? A. If yes, is the testing, study, evaluation or research primarily for use in pharmaceutical pre-market clearance applications to the Food and Drug Administration? 2. Is drug administered

Acton, Scott

231

Cardiff's TELEform: Scanning the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Software, such as Cardiff's TELEform Information Capture System, is available to create and print a scannable version of the Diet History Questionnaire form. To create booklets, you may still need to hire a professional printer. Using TELEform, you will be able to scan the instrument with an imaging scanner (contact Cardiff for specifications).

232

Rasch Based Analysis of Reading Ability Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the results of a questionnaire on reading ability in English by Japanese college students, which was formerly analyzed using raw scores, from the viewpoint of Rasch measured scores. In the Rasch analysis, the basic requirements for measuring are the following: (1) reduction of experience to one dimensional abstraction; (2)…

Nakamura, Yuji

2000-01-01

233

IRON AND STEEL EFFLUENT GUIDELINES ECONOMIC QUESTIONNAIRE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: This information acquired via the questionnaire is used to support development of the effluent guidelines for the Iron and Steel Point Source Category (40CFR Part 420). One of the statutory decision criteria for the adoption of a best available treatment t...

234

Psychometric Normalization of a Hyperacusis Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical hyperacusis consists of a marked intolerance to ordinary environmental sounds, while hearing thresholds are quite often normal. Hyperacusis appears to be a subjective phenomenon, which is not easily defined or quantified by objective measurements. In order to create a tool suitable to quantify and evaluate various hyperacusis symptoms, a questionnaire screening several aspects of auditory symptomatology has been constructed.

S. Khalfa; S. Dubal; E. Veuillet; F. Perez-Diaz; R. Jouvent; L. Collet

2002-01-01

235

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

236

Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

237

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had  

E-print Network

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had swim lessons before? Yes No Is your child com- fortable in the water? Parent/child or level 1 class No Level 1 class Yes Does your child put their face in the water? No Level 2 class Yes Can your child swim underwater, swim Front crawl, and back crawl? No Level 3 class Yes

Saldin, Dilano

238

Effective Schools Questionnaires, 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five questionnaires based on Ronald Edmonds' work on "effective schools" were developed for elementary and secondary students, teachers, principals, and parents. They were designed to assess the perceptions of each group on the five areas identified by Edmonds as distinguishing effective and ineffective schools for students from low-income…

Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.

239

Hand controller commonality evaluation process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hand controller evaluation process has been developed to determine the appropriate hand controller configurations for supporting remotely controlled devices. These devices include remote manipulator systems (RMS), dexterous robots, and remotely-piloted free flyers. Standard interfaces were developed to evaluate six different hand controllers in three test facilities including dynamic computer simulations, kinematic computer simulations, and physical simulations. The hand controllers under consideration were six degree-of-freedom (DOF) position and rate minimaster and joystick controllers, and three-DOF rate controllers. Task performance data, subjective comments, and anthropometric data obtained during tests were used for controller configuration recommendations to the SSF Program.

Stuart, Mark A.; Bierschwale, John M.; Wilmington, Robert P.; Adam, Susan C.; Diaz, Manuel F.; Jensen, Dean G.

1990-01-01

240

Neutrophilic dermatosis of dorsal hands  

PubMed Central

Sweet's syndrome is characterized by erythematous tender nodules and plaques over face and extremities. Fever, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, and a neutrophilic infiltrate in the dermis are characteristic features. Neutrophilic dermatosis of dorsal hands is a rare localized variant of Sweet's syndrome occurring predominantly over dorsa of hands. Various degrees of vascular damage may be observed on histopathology of these lesions. Both Sweet's syndrome and its dorsal hand variant have been reported in association with malignancies, inflammatory bowel diseases, and drugs. We report a patient with neutrophilic dermatoses of dorsal hands associated with erythema nodosum. He showed an excellent response to corticosteroids and dapsone. PMID:25657918

Kaur, S.; Gupta, D.; Garg, B.; Sood, N.

2015-01-01

241

Hand in Hand: Media Literacy and Internet Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet safety cannot be effectively taught without also teaching media literacy. The two go hand in hand, and both are necessary, but neither is sufficient. To understand why, it is important to first appreciate what the real risks to children are. Many of the early Internet safety programs were based on a fear of predators. Predators turned out…

Gallagher, Frank

2011-01-01

242

Solar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting Questionnaire As someone who is familiar with solar energy issues, we hope that you will tak  

E-print Network

Page 1 Solar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting Questionnaire As someone who is familiar with solar energy issues, we hope that you will take a few moments to answer this short survey

Islam, M. Saif

243

Mental rotation of primate hands: human-likeness and thumb saliency.  

PubMed

Mental rotation of human hands has been found to differ essentially from mental rotation of objects in such a way that reaction times and error rates of handedness judgements are influenced by the comfort and familiarity of the presented hand postures. To investigate the role of the similarity of the presented hands to the participant's own hand, we used different primates' hands as stimuli in a mental rotation task. Five out of 24 primate hands were chosen for their ratings in human-likeness and saliency of the thumb according to a questionnaire study and presented in two mental rotation experiments; in the second experiment, they were modified in such a way that all hands appeared thumbless. Results of both experiments revealed effects of species and orientation on reaction times, and an interaction between species and hand side occurred in the second experiment. In the first experiment, the thumbless Colobus hand differed from all other hands, showing the highest reaction times and error rates and failing to show the expected medial-over-lateral advantage. In the second experiment, the eccentricity of the Colobus hand was decreased and the facilitating effect of human-likeness was slightly increased. We conclude that motor strategies were applied that relied less on the asymmetry of the stimuli but rather on their similarity to the human hand. We argue that motor simulation might facilitate the processing of incomplete stimuli by mentally completing them, especially if all stimuli can be processed in a consistent manner. PMID:22766845

Bläsing, Bettina; de Castro Campos, Marcella; Schack, Thomas; Brugger, Peter

2012-08-01

244

Encouraging better hand drying hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric hand driers have the potential to improve sanitation when using public toilets; if used properly, electric driers can dry hands more thoroughly than towels, and users do not come into physical contact with potentially contaminated objects. But electric driers are frequently used for just a few seconds--and so the potential advantage is lost. This paper describes the prototyping and

Sally Jo Cunningham; Andrew Will

2008-01-01

245

Hand controller commonality evaluation process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hand controller selection for NASA's Orbiter and Space Station Freedom is an important area of human-telerobot interface design and evaluation. These input devices will control remotely operated systems that include large crane-like manipulators (e.g., Remote Manipulator System or RMS), smaller, more dexterous manipulators (e.g., Flight Telerobotic Servicer or FTS), and free flyers (e.g., Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle or OMV). Candidate hand controller configurations for these systems vary in many ways: shape, size, number of degrees-of-freedom (DOF), operating modes, provision of force reflection, range of movement, and 'naturalness' of use. Unresolved design implementation issues remain, including such topics as how the current Orbiter RMS rotational and translational rate hand controllers compare with the proposed Space Station Freedom hand controllers, the advantages that position hand controllers offer for these applications, and whether separate hand controller configurations are required for each application. Since previous studies contain little empirical hand controller task performance data, a controlled study is needed that tests Space Station Freedom candidate hand controllers during representative tasks. This study also needs to include anthropometric and biomechanical considerations.

Stuart, Mark A.; Bierschwale, John M.; Wilmington, Robert P.; Adam, Susan C.; Diaz, Manuel F.; Jensen, Dean G.

1993-01-01

246

A hand gesture interface device  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the development of a hand to machine interface device that provides real-time gesture, position and orientation information. The key element is a glove and the device as a whole incorporates a collection of technologies. Analog flex sensors on the glove measure finger bending. Hand position and orientation are measured either by ultrasonics, providing five degrees of

Thomas G. Zimmerman; Jaron Lanier; Chuck Blanchard; Steve Bryson; Young Harvill

1986-01-01

247

Subspecialty certification in hand surgery.  

PubMed

Subspecialty certification in hand surgery was instituted in 1989 by the collaborative efforts of the American Boards of General Surgery, Plastic Surgery, and Orthopaedic Surgery. Candidates must be certified by their parent board and have demonstrated qualifications in hand surgery beyond those expected of other Board-certified surgeons. Qualifications include 1 year of additional training in an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited hand surgery fellowship, successful passage of a secure examination in hand surgery, and a practice characterized by a majority of cases in hand surgery. The certificates are time limited, and every 10 years one must successfully pass a recertification examination to maintain subspecialty certification. Since its inception, 1431 orthopaedic surgeons have passed the examination and the failure rate has been 3.1%. Six hundred and twenty-three have recertified with a failure rate of 2%. Possession of a certificate of subspecialty qualifications in hand surgery was never intended to bestow special privileges to those who practice hand surgery; rather, it was intended to demonstrate to the public and our profession that certificate holders have met Board Standards and are qualified to treat problems related to the hand and wrist. PMID:16735880

Stern, Peter J

2006-08-01

248

Robot Forearm and Dexterous Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electromechanical hand-and-forearm assembly has been developed for incorporation into an anthropomorphic robot that would be used in outer space. The assembly is designed to offer manual dexterity comparable to that of a hand inside an astronaut s suit; thus, the assembly may also be useful as a prosthesis or as an end effector on an industrial robot.

Lovchik, Christopher S.

2005-01-01

249

Arguments for alcoholic hand disinfection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The non-aqueous use of ethanol or propanols offers various advantages over washing hands with either unmedicated or medicated soap in both hygienic and surgical hand disinfection. Alcohols exert the strongest and fastest activity against a wide spectrum of bacteria and fungi (but not bacterial spores) as well as enveloped (but less so against non-enveloped) viruses, being little influenced by interfering

M. L. Rotter

2001-01-01

250

3D Printed Robotic Hand  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dexterous robotic hands are changing the way robots and humans interact and use common tools. Unfortunately, the complexity of the joints and actuations drive up the manufacturing cost. Some cutting edge and commercially available rapid prototyping machines now have the ability to print multiple materials and even combine these materials in the same job. A 3D model of a robotic hand was designed using Creo Parametric 2.0. Combining "hard" and "soft" materials, the model was printed on the Object Connex350 3D printer with the purpose of resembling as much as possible the human appearance and mobility of a real hand while needing no assembly. After printing the prototype, strings where installed as actuators to test mobility. Based on printing materials, the manufacturing cost of the hand was $167, significantly lower than other robotic hands without the actuators since they have more complex assembly processes.

Pizarro, Yaritzmar Rosario; Schuler, Jason M.; Lippitt, Thomas C.

2013-01-01

251

When and How to Wash Your Hands  

MedlinePLUS

... gov Share Compartir When & How to Wash Your Hands Esta página en español Keeping hands clean through ... to clean hands. When should you wash your hands? Before, during, and after preparing food Before eating ...

252

World War I History Commission Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1928, the Library of Virginia inherited a mass of materials from the Virginia War History Commission, which had spent the previous eight years gathering information on Virginia's participation in World War I. Included in this material were over 14,900 four-page questionnaires from a survey of WWI veterans in Virginia. The Library of Virginia has digitized these survey forms and created a free, fully-searchable database. Users have three search options: by word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each individual, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the questionnaire forms. In some cases, respondents submitted photos or additional pages with their forms and these are included in the database.

253

Analysis of a Spanish Bilingual Preschool Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report is given of student learning outcomes investigated over a one and one half year period on the Spanish Dame School Project. This project provided instruction in Spanish and English for approximately 100 children between the ages of three and six. A pretest-posttest control group design was used involving eight groups. Four tests were used…

Owens, Thomas R.

254

Forms of Address in Chilean Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present investigation examines possible social and linguistic factors that influence forms of address used in Chilean Spanish with various interlocutors. A characteristic of the Spanish of Chile is the use of a variety of forms of address for the second person singular, "tu", "vos", and "usted", with corresponding verb conjugations (Lipski…

Bishop, Kelley; Michnowicz, Jim

2010-01-01

255

Working with Spanish-Speaking Families  

E-print Network

, there are numerous dialects. Slight variations in words change the intended meaning of a message communicated. When translating materials into "Spanish," be aware of this and keep vocabulary basic. · Informational materials. · For agencies distributing translated materials, it is most effective to have Spanish-speaking staff and

Sarkar, Nilanjan

256

Noteworthy Books in Spanish for Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes 18 titles that appeal to Spanish-speaking teens under the categories of contemporary novels, historical fiction, longtime favorites, health, and myths and legends. A sidebar lists dealers of books in Spanish for children and young adults. (LRW)

Schon, Isabel

2002-01-01

257

"Ser" Helps Spanish Speakers Identify "Real" Properties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments examined effects of language on developing knowledge of distinction between real and apparent properties. Found that when Spanish verbs for "to be" -- "Ser" and "Estar" -- were substituted for "is,""Ser" gave the Spanish-speaking and bilingual speakers a unique advantage in distinguishing real and apparent properties because it…

Sera, Maria D.; Bales, Diane W.; del Castillo Pintado, Javier

1997-01-01

258

Spanish for Agricultural Purposes: The Video Episodes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transcripts of dialogues from videotape recordings were developed, along with accompanying language laboratory material, as part of a one-semester course in Spanish for North American agriculture specialists preparing to work in Latin America. Included are 48 episodes covering such topics as: working with a local Spanish-speaking counterpart,…

Mainous, Bruce H.; And Others

259

Modeling Spanish Mood Choice in Belief Statements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work develops a computational methodology new to linguistics that empirically evaluates competing linguistic theories on Spanish verbal mood choice through the use of computational techniques to learn mood and other hidden linguistic features from Spanish belief statements found in corpora. The machine learned probabilistic linguistic models…

Robinson, Jason R.

2013-01-01

260

The Spanish Family Guidance Center of Miami.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two major programs of the Spanish Family Guidance Center, a facility that addresses the mental health needs of Hispanics in the Greater Miami (Florida) area, are described in this report. One program, the Spanish Drug Rehabilitation Project (completed in 1977), compared a series of activities including: (1) research on the characteristics of…

Hispanic Research Center: Research Bulletin, 1979

1979-01-01

261

Discussing Sexual Identities with Pre-Service Primary School English-Language Teachers from a Spanish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a discussion with seven voluntary Spanish pre-service primary school English-language teachers on queer issues. The focus group followed a questionnaire on their knowledge and understanding of sexual identity issues in education. The facilitated discussion enabled the participants to be better prepared on the subject. At…

Barozzi, Stefano; Guijarro Ojeda, Juan Ramon

2014-01-01

262

How Polite Can you Get?: A Comparative Analysis of Interlanguage Pragmatic Knowledge in Spanish and Moroccan EFL University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is anchored in the field of interlanguage pragmatics (ITP), and the approach taken is speech-act based. In particular, our investigation compares Spanish and Moroccan university learners in the way they perceive analogies, requests and refusals with a view to shedding light on their pragmatic knowledge and strategy differences. Data were collected by a Multiple-choice discourse completion tasks questionnaire.

ÁNGELES LINDE

263

Hand transmitted vibrations caused by orbital hand sanding machines.  

PubMed

The paper reports and analyses results of vibration measurement carried out on orbital hand sanding machines. Vibrations were measured on the front and rear handles of the FESTO LRB-W1 and LRB-T1 orbital hand sanding machines and at two points on the holding handle of the FESTO RTL-F1 hand sanding machine. The measured levels of the weighted vibration accelerations were compared to the daily exposure limits according to ISO 5349, ISO/TC 108/SC4/14 and NF E90-402. Daily exposures for each type of sanding machine were determined according to the same standards. PMID:7575142

Goglia, V; Risovi?, S; Beljo, R

1995-03-01

264

Mind your hand during the energy crunch: Functional Outcome of Circular Saw Hand Injuries  

PubMed Central

Background Although injuries due to circular saws are very common all over the world, there is surprisingly little information available about their functional outcomes. As the socioeconomic impact of these injuries is immense and determined by the casualties' disability and impairment, it is the objective of this study to present data on the functional outcome, disability, and impairment of hand injuries due to electric circular saws. Methods Patients treated from 1999 through 2007 for circular saw-related hand injuries were contacted and asked for clinical follow-up assessment. The clinical follow-up protocol consisted of a physical examination and an assessment of static muscle power (grip and pinch strength). For assessment of the subjective experience of the patients regarding their injury-related disability and impairment, the DASH follow-up questionnaire was used. The occupational impact of these injuries was measured by number of lost working days. Finally, safety-related behaviour of the patients was investigated. Results 114 Patients were followed-up on average 52 months after the injury. Average in-house treatment was 8.8 days. Average time lost from work was 14.8 weeks. A significant reduction of static muscle testing parameters compared with the uninjured hand was revealed for grip strength, tip pinch, key pinch, and palmar pinch. Average DASH score was 17.4 (DASH work 15.8, DASH sports/music 17.7). Most patients had more than ten years experience in using these power tools. Conclusion The everyday occurrence of circular saw-related hand injuries followed by relatively short periods of in-house treatment might distort the real dimension of the patients' remaining disability and impairment. While the trauma surgeon's view is generally confined to the patients' clinical course, the outcome parameters in this follow-up investigation, with loss of working time as the key factor, confirm that the whole socioeconomic burden is much greater than the direct cost of treatment. PMID:20819215

2010-01-01

265

The Pain Coping Questionnaire: preliminary validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new measure of coping, the Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ), is presented and validated in two studies of children and adolescents. Factor analyses of data from healthy children and adolescents supported eight hypothesized subscales (information seeking, problem solving, seeking social support, positive self-statements, behavioral distraction, cognitive distraction, externalizing, internalizing\\/catastrophizing) and three higher-order scales (approach, problem-focused avoidance, emotion-focused avoidance). The subscales

Graham J Reid; Cheryl A Gilbert; Patrick J McGrath

1998-01-01

266

Measurement Properties of a Park Use Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

We determined the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a brief park use questionnaire. From five US locations, 232 adults completed a brief survey four times and wore a global positioning system (GPS) monitor for three weeks. We assessed validity for park visits during the past week and during a usual week by examining agreement between frequency and duration of park visits reported in the questionnaire to the GPS monitor results. Spearman correlation coefficients (SCC) were used to measure agreement. For past week park visit frequency and duration, the SCC were 0.62–0.65 and 0.62–0.67, respectively. For usual week park visit frequency and duration, the SCC were 0.40–0.50 and 0.50–0.53, respectively. Usual park visit frequency reliability was 0.78–0.88 (percent agreement 69%–82%) and usual park visit duration was 0.75–0.84 (percent agreement 64%–73%). These results suggest that the questionnaire to assess usual and past week park use had acceptable validity and reliability. PMID:23853386

Evenson, Kelly R.; Wen, Fang; Golinelli, Daniela; Rodríguez, Daniel A.; Cohen, Deborah A.

2012-01-01

267

The Marble-Hand Illusion  

PubMed Central

Our body is made of flesh and bones. We know it, and in our daily lives all the senses constantly provide converging information about this simple, factual truth. But is this always the case? Here we report a surprising bodily illusion demonstrating that humans rapidly update their assumptions about the material qualities of their body, based on their recent multisensory perceptual experience. To induce a misperception of the material properties of the hand, we repeatedly gently hit participants' hand with a small hammer, while progressively replacing the natural sound of the hammer against the skin with the sound of a hammer hitting a piece of marble. After five minutes, the hand started feeling stiffer, heavier, harder, less sensitive, unnatural, and showed enhanced Galvanic skin response (GSR) to threatening stimuli. Notably, such a change in skin conductivity positively correlated with changes in perceived hand stiffness. Conversely, when hammer hits and impact sounds were temporally uncorrelated, participants did not spontaneously report any changes in the perceived properties of the hand, nor did they show any modulation in GSR. In two further experiments, we ruled out that mere audio-tactile synchrony is the causal factor triggering the illusion, further demonstrating the key role of material information conveyed by impact sounds in modulating the perceived material properties of the hand. This novel bodily illusion, the ‘Marble-Hand Illusion', demonstrates that the perceived material of our body, surely the most stable attribute of our bodily self, can be quickly updated through multisensory integration. PMID:24621793

Senna, Irene; Maravita, Angelo; Bolognini, Nadia; Parise, Cesare V.

2014-01-01

268

The Marble-Hand Illusion.  

PubMed

Our body is made of flesh and bones. We know it, and in our daily lives all the senses constantly provide converging information about this simple, factual truth. But is this always the case? Here we report a surprising bodily illusion demonstrating that humans rapidly update their assumptions about the material qualities of their body, based on their recent multisensory perceptual experience. To induce a misperception of the material properties of the hand, we repeatedly gently hit participants' hand with a small hammer, while progressively replacing the natural sound of the hammer against the skin with the sound of a hammer hitting a piece of marble. After five minutes, the hand started feeling stiffer, heavier, harder, less sensitive, unnatural, and showed enhanced Galvanic skin response (GSR) to threatening stimuli. Notably, such a change in skin conductivity positively correlated with changes in perceived hand stiffness. Conversely, when hammer hits and impact sounds were temporally uncorrelated, participants did not spontaneously report any changes in the perceived properties of the hand, nor did they show any modulation in GSR. In two further experiments, we ruled out that mere audio-tactile synchrony is the causal factor triggering the illusion, further demonstrating the key role of material information conveyed by impact sounds in modulating the perceived material properties of the hand. This novel bodily illusion, the 'Marble-Hand Illusion', demonstrates that the perceived material of our body, surely the most stable attribute of our bodily self, can be quickly updated through multisensory integration. PMID:24621793

Senna, Irene; Maravita, Angelo; Bolognini, Nadia; Parise, Cesare V

2014-01-01

269

Nonlinear left-handed metamaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze nonlinear properties of microstructured materials with negative\\u000arefraction, the so-called left-handed metamaterials. We demonstrate that the\\u000ahysteresis-type dependence of the magnetic permeability on the field intensity\\u000aallows changing the material properties from left- to right-handed and back.\\u000aUsing the finite-difference time-domain simulations, we study wave transmission\\u000athrough the slab of nonlinear left-handed material, and predict existence of\\u000atemporal

Ilya V. Shadrivov; Alexander A. Zharov; Nina A. Zharova; Yuri S. Kivshar

2005-01-01

270

Systemic mistakes in hand hygiene practice in Ukraine: detection, consequences and ways of elimination  

PubMed Central

Aim: Every year, millions of people around the world suffer from different infectious diseases, considerable part of which are hospital-acquired infections. WHO considers hand hygiene as a priority measure aimed to reduce the level of infection. We evaluated various aspects related to the situational behavior and prioritization regarding hand hygiene measures among the healthcare workers of Ukraine. Method: Identification of system mistakes in hand hygiene was carried out first of all by direct and indirect observation of the activities of medical and pharmaceutical personnel in their everyday practice as well as during their participation in trainings on routine hand hygiene. Questionnaires also were used to estimate the level of hand hygiene compliance of participants of the study. During this period 112 training courses, 315 master-classes and presentations on proper hand hygiene were realized. The target audience included health care workers of medical centers, clinics, maternity hospitals, health care organizations and staff of pharmacies and pharmaceutical manufacturing enterprises in all regions of Ukraine. 638 respondents took part in anonymous survey on hand hygiene practice. Results: The most common mistakes were to regard hand washing and hand disinfection equally, to wash hands before doing a hand disinfection, to neglect the five moments for hand hygiene and to ignore hand hygiene before and after wearing protective gloves. Practitioners, medical attendants, pharmacy and pharmaceutical industry workers highlighted the need for practical and understandable instructions of various hand hygiene procedures, including the clarification of the possible technical mistakes. This became a ground for us to create individual master classes on hand hygiene for each cluster of healthcare workers. Conclusions: Changing hand hygiene behavior and attitude is possible by beginning to observe clinical practice and by involving healthcare workers in teaching and training.

Klymenko, Iryna; Kampf, Günter

2015-01-01

271

The Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument asthma questionnaire: For use in diverse children of all ages  

PubMed Central

Background National Institutes of Health asthma guidelines recommend questionnaires to assess asthma control, but these questionnaires are not useable across the entire pediatric age spectrum and have not been validated among significant numbers of minority or Spanish-speaking children. Objective We sought to evaluate a questionnaire designed to assess asthma control across a broad age range of minority and Spanish-speaking children cared for in an outpatient setting. Methods Between July 1, 2007, and September 30, 2010, we collected information using the Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (PACCI), the Asthma Control Test (ACT; or the childhood ACT for children 4–11 years old), the Pediatric Asthma Caregiver Quality of Life Questionnaire, and lung function and clinicians’ ratings of asthma status among a population of children presenting for routine asthma specialist care. The PACCI measure of asthma control was validated by evaluating accuracy, internal reliability, and concurrent, discriminative, and known-groups validity. Results We collected information on 265 English- and 52 Spanish-speaking children (mean age, 8.2 years; 58% male; 44% African American). Across all age groups and in both languages, PACCI control showed good internal reliability and strong concurrent, discriminative, and known-groups validity with ACT and Pediatric Asthma Caregiver Quality of Life Questionnaire scores and clinicians’ ratings of asthma control. The accuracy of the PACCI in classifying children with uncontrolled asthma was good (area under the curve, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.79–0.88). Conclusions The PACCI accurately measures asthma control in English- and Spanish-speaking children. The PACCI should be useful to clinicians to assess and classify asthma according to National Institutes of Health asthma guidelines. PMID:23434285

Okelo, Sande O.; Eakin, Michelle N.; Patino, Cecilia M.; Teodoro, Alvin P.; Bilderback, Andrew L.; Thompson, Darcy A.; Loiaza-Martinez, Antonio; Rand, Cynthia S.; Thyne, Shannon; Diette, Gregory B.; Riekert, Kristin A.

2014-01-01

272

The Construction of Early Modernity in Spanish Film  

E-print Network

The presence of early modern Spanish history in Spanish film has received only limited scholarly attention. The entire group of Spanish films dealing with the Spanish early modern era has never been placed under study by any overarching research...

Zarate Casanova, Miguel Angel

2011-10-21

273

Dietary Screener Questionnaires (DSQ) & SAS Programs  

Cancer.gov

The DSQ in English (PDF, 116 KB) is formatted in Teleform. The form is publicly available for you to print. Please note that this instrument is not machine scannable. It can be used only if data are to be input by hand.

274

The advantage of first mention in Spanish  

PubMed Central

An advantage of first mention—that is, faster access to participants mentioned first in a sentence—has previously been demonstrated only in English. We report three experiments demonstrating that the advantage of first mention occurs also in Spanish sentences, regardless of whether the first-mentioned participants are syntactic subjects, and regardless, too, of whether they are proper names or inanimate objects. Because greater word-order flexibility is allowed in Spanish than in English (e.g., nonpassive object-verb-subject constructions exist in Spanish), these findings provide additional evidence that the advantage of first mention is a general cognitive phenomenon. PMID:24203596

CARREIRAS, MANUEL; GERNSBACHER, MORTON ANN; VILLA, VICTOR

2015-01-01

275

Nonlinear left-handed metamaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze nonlinear properties of microstructured materials with the negative refractive index, the so-called left-handed metamaterials. We demonstrate that the hysteresis-type dependence of the magnetic permeability on the field intensity allows changing the material properties from left to right handed and back. Using the finite difference time domain simulations, we study the wave reflection from a slab of a nonlinear

Ilya V. Shadrivov; Alexander A. Zharov; Nina A. Zharova; Yuri S. Kivshar

2005-01-01

276

Sexual behavioral abstine HIV/AIDS questionnaire: Validation study of an Iranian questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of the designed sexual, behavioral abstinence, and avoidance of high-risk situation questionnaire (SBAHAQ), with an aim to construct an appropriate development tool in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: A descriptive–analytic study was conducted among female undergraduate students of Tehran University, who were selected through cluster random sampling. After reviewing the questionnaires and investigating face and content validity, internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using SPSS and AMOS 16 Software, respectively. Results: The sample consisted of 348 female university students with a mean age of 20.69 ± 1.63 years. The content validity ratio (CVR) coefficient was 0.85 and the reliability of each section of the questionnaire was as follows: Perceived benefit (PB; 0.87), behavioral intention (BI; 0.77), and self-efficacy (SE; 0.85) (Cronbach's alpha totally was 0.83). Explanatory factor analysis showed three factors, including SE, PB, and BI, with the total variance of 61% and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) index of 88%. These factors were also confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis [adjusted goodness of fitness index (AGFI) = 0.939, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.039]. Conclusion: This study showed the designed questionnaire provided adequate construct validity and reliability, and could be adequately used to measure sexual abstinence and avoidance of high-risk situations among female students. PMID:24741650

Najarkolaei, Fatemeh Rahmati; Niknami, Shamsaddin; Shokravi, Farkhondeh Amin; Tavafian, Sedigheh Sadat; Fesharaki, Mohammad Gholami; Jafari, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

277

Hand Eczema in Swedish Adults – Changes in Prevalence between 1983 and 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand eczema is the most frequent occupational skin disease. Our aim was to study changes in its prevalence in Swedish adults. Cross-sectional studies were performed in 1983 and 1996. Random samples from the population of Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 20–65 y, were drawn from the population register. Data were collected with a postal questionnaire, which was identical in the two studies.

Birgitta Meding; Bengt Järvholm

2002-01-01

278

[Andreas Vesalius in the Spanish Court].  

PubMed

After the publication of "Fabrica," Andreas Vesalius entered the Spanish court and became a court physician to Charles the Fifth, Holy Roman Emperor, and then to Philip the Second, Spanish king. The author studied this process and its historical background. The ancestors of Vesalius had close relations with the Hapsburgs and the dukes of BUrgundy, and served them as court physician or a court pharmacist. Vesalius was born in Brussels, obtained his degree at the University of Padua, Italy, became professor of anatomy and surgery there, and published "Tabulae Anatomicae Sex" and "Fabrica."In the ear of the Spanish court, the treatments of Henry the Second, French king, and of Don Carlos, Spanish crown prince, are famous among Vesalius' medical contributions. In the year of his resignation, Charles the Fifth conferred the title of count palatine on Vesalius. PMID:15818875

Izumi, Hyonosuke

2004-12-01

279

21F.704 Spanish 4, Spring 2002  

E-print Network

Continued study of the language, literature, and culture of Spanish-speaking countries. Materials are from Spain and Latin America and include films, short stories, novels, plays, poetry, and journalistic reports in various ...

Groeger, Margarita

280

Preliminaries to Textual Interconversion in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project of computer research on the interconversion of Spanish texts between orthographematic and orthophonematic versions was carried out at Columbia University. That project is described here. (Author/CFM)

Magnusson, Walter L.

1976-01-01

281

One hand or the other? Effector selection biases in right and left handers.  

PubMed

Much debate in the handedness literature has centred on the relative merits of questionnaire-based measures assessing hand preference versus simple movement tasks such as peg moving or finger tapping, assessing hand performance. A third paradigm has grown in popularity, which assesses choices by participants when either hand could be used to execute movements. These newer measures may be useful in predicting possible "reversed" asymmetries in proportions of non-right handed ("adextral") people. In the current studies we examine hand choice in large samples of dextral (right handed) and adextral participants. Unlike in some previous experiments on choice, we found that left handers were as biased towards their dominant hand as were right handers, for grasping during a puzzle-making task (study 1). In a second study, participants had to point to either of two suddenly appearing targets with one hand or the other. In study 2, left handers were not significantly less one handed than their right-handed counterparts as in study 1. In a final study, we used random effects meta analysis to summarise the possible differences in hand choice between left handers and right handers across all hand choice studies published to date. The meta analysis suggests that right handers use their dominant hand 12.5% more than left handers favour their dominant hand (with 95% confidence that the real difference lies between 7% and 18%). These last results suggest that our two experiments reported here may represent statistical Type 2 errors. This mean difference may be related to greater left hemispheric language and praxic laterality in right handers. Nevertheless, more data are needed regarding the precise proportions of left and right handers who favour their preferred hands for different tasks. PMID:25278131

Main, Julie C; Carey, David P

2014-09-30

282

Espanol mexicano y espanol chicano: Problemas y propuestas fundamentales (Mexican Spanish and Chicano Spanish: Fundamental Problems and Proposals).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the rise of Mexican Spanish as a distinct variety of Spanish and describes the regional and social dialects of contemporary Mexican Spanish. Although countless similarities exist between Mexican Spanish and the Chicano Spanish spoken in the southwestern United States, Mexican Spanish shows greater variability. (GR)

Hidalgo, Margarita

1987-01-01

283

Understanding Extreme Spanish Coastal Flood Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Santa Irene flood event, at the end of October 1982, is one of the most dramatically widely reported flood events in Spain. Its renown is mainly due to the collapse of the Tous dam, but its main message is to be the paradigm of the incidence of the maritime/littoral weather and its temporal sea level rise by storm surge accompanying rain process on the coastal plains inland floods. Looking at damages the presentation analyzes the adapted measures from the point of view of the aims of the FP7 SMARTeST Project related to the Flood Resilience improvement in urban areas through looking for Technologies, Systems and Tools an appropriate "road to de market". The event was due to the meteorological phenomenon known as "gota fría" (cold drop), a relatively frequent and intense rainy phenomenon affecting one or more basins on the Iberian Peninsula, particularly on the Spanish east to southeast inlands and coasts. There are some circumstances that can easily come together to unleash the cold drop there: cold and dry polar air masses coming onto the whole Iberian Peninsula and the north of Africa, high sea water temperatures, and low atmospheric pressure (cyclone) areas in the western Mediterranean basin; these circumstances are quite common during the autumn season there, and, as it happens, in other places around the world (East/Southeast Africa). Their occurrence, however shows a great space-temporal variability (in a similar way to hurricanes, on Caribbean and western North-Atlantic areas, or to typhoons do). As a matter of fact, all of these equivalent though different phenomena may have different magnitude each time. An overview of the very main events since 11th century in the East to Southeast areas in Spain is shown in the presentation, looking for relation with climatic conditions and Climate changes on one hand, and with geomorphologic and geotechnical conditions on the other It also describes the results of a detailed analysis and reflection about this cold drop phenomenon as a whole, on the generation of its rains and on the different natures and consequences of its floods. And it likewise explains the ways in which the maritime weather in front of the basin and the consequent sea level govern floods on the lowest zone of any hydrographical basin, showing that event as a real paradigm to explain that climatic conditions in the adjacent marine basin influence on coastal and even inland flooding phenomena. It then briefly analyzes also other apparently different kind of flood events on further upper inlands (USA Lake Region) and compares it to the respective previous maritime processes (Katrina and Ike Hurricanes) to show the relevance of the latter for the right description of the former.

Diez, J. Javier; Esteban, M. Dolores; Silvestre, J. Manuel

2013-04-01

284

An evaluation of antiseptics used for hand disinfection in wards.  

PubMed Central

The antibacterial effectiveness of hand antiseptics commonly used in wards was studied by laboratory and in-use tests and their acceptability assessed by means of a questionnaire passed to hospital staff. To determine the immediate and long-term antibacterial effects of the preparations the in-use tests were performed by groups of students. The greatest immediate reduction in bacterial counts on hands was obtained by products containing chlorhexidine. The long-term antibacterial effect was recorded with emulsions containing 3% hexachlorophane, 2% Irgasan CF3R or 4% chlorhexidine when used constantly on several consecutive days. Considerable discrepancies were recorded in the antibacterial effectiveness of some preparations when comparing laboratory and in-use test results. Therefore it is suggested that antiseptics should be tested by in-use tests which more closely resemble practical conditions before their use, or further trial, in hospital. PMID:812901

Ojajärvi, J.

1976-01-01

285

Hand and Fascial Spaces Dr. Mihir Bagchi  

E-print Network

Hand and Fascial Spaces Dr. Mihir Bagchi Edited By: Abdualrahman Hamad HAND AND FASCIAL SPACES and bones of the hand. Examine specific areas (compartments) of the hand and 2. their relationship with other areas. Relate anatomic structures to possible clinical conditions. 3. Learn action of hand muscles

Finley Jr., Russell L.

286

Questionnaire Design for Student Measurement of Teaching Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and use of questionnaires in course and faculty evaluation are discussed and the literature reviewed. Problems of questionnaire construction and interpretation of results are described and a questionnaire developed at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo is given as an example. (Author/MSE)

McBean, Edward A.; Al-Nassri, Sabah

1982-01-01

287

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires.

Phil Edwards; Ian Roberts; Mike Clarke; Carolyn DiGuiseppi; Sarah Pratap; Reinhard Wentz; Irene Kwan

2002-01-01

288

Reliability and validity of a self-report of hand function in persons with rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability and the concurrent validity of the Duruöz Hand Index (DHI) in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Forty participants with RA and no other major medical problems completed the DHI, a self-report of hand function, at two points in time to assess test-retest reliability. To determine concurrent validity, participants were also administered three performance-based tests, the Arthritis Hand Function Test (AHFT), the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma Test (HAMIS), and the Keitel Functional Test (KFT), and two self-report questionnaires of functional ability, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Scleroderma Functional Assessment Questionnaire (SFAQ). Test-retest reliability intraclass correlation coefficients for the DHI ranged from 0.83 to 0.90. Scores on the DHI were significantly correlated with scores on the AHFT (r(s)=0.36-0.54), the HAMIS (r(s)=0.39), the HAQ (r(s)=0.78), the HAMIS (r(s)=0.39), and the SFAQ (r(s)=0.85). Scores on the DHI did not correlate with KFT scores. The results from this study show the DHI to be a reliable and valid test for hand function in persons with RA. PMID:16473729

Poole, Janet L; Cordova, Kenneth J; Brower, Lisa M

2006-01-01

289

Hand infections: a retrospective analysis  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Hand infections are common, usually resulting from an untreated injury. In this retrospective study, we report on hand infection cases needing surgical drainage in order to assess patient demographics, causation of infection, clinical course, and clinical management. Methods. Medical records of patients presenting with hand infections, excluding post-surgical infections, treated with incision and debridement over a one-year period were reviewed. Patient demographics; past medical history; infection site(s) and causation; intervals between onset of infection, hospital admission, surgical intervention and days of hospitalization; gram stains and cultures; choice of antibiotics; complications; and outcomes were reviewed. Results. Most infections were caused by laceration and the most common site of infection was the palm or dorsum of the hand. Mean length of hospitalization was 6 days. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic Streptococcus and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly cultured microorganisms. Cephalosporins, clindamycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, penicillin, vancomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole were major antibiotic choices. Amputations and contracture were the primary complications. Conclusions. Surgery along with medical management were key to treatment and most soft tissue infections resolved without further complications. With prompt and appropriate care, most hand infection patients can achieve full resolution of their infection. PMID:25210653

Capdarest-Arest, Nicole; Bertoch, Spencer T.; Bakken, Erik C.; Hoover, Susan E.; Zou, Jiyao

2014-01-01

290

Hand development in trisomy 21.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate hand size and maturity in fetuses with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). Twenty-five fetuses, crown-rump length (CRL) 55-222 mm, foot length (FL) 8-42 mm, were included in the study. After whole-body radiography (Hewlett Packard Faxitron), special radiographs of the hand and foot were taken. Hand length was measured as the length of the third finger from the distal tip of the distal phalanx to the proximal tip of the metacarpal bone, the digital-metacarpal length (DML). The lengths of the proximal phalangeal bone (PPL) and the metacarpal bone (MCL) of the third finger were also measured. The DML, PPL, and MCL values of each fetus were related to CRL and FL. The individual hand bones were evaluated with regard to time of appearance on radiographs, sequence in comparison with the normal sequence of appearance, and morphology. The hand length is normal during the first half of the fetal period, whereas the length of individual bones in the third finger is reduced. The normal sequence of ossification, with the middle phalanx of the fifth finger last to ossify, also occurred in Down syndrome; however, this bone appeared later in Down syndrome. In four of the fetuses it did not appear. PMID:9779798

Kjaer, M S; Keeling, J W; Andersen, E; Fischer Hansen, B; Kjaer, I

1998-10-12

291

Hand infections: a retrospective analysis.  

PubMed

Purpose. Hand infections are common, usually resulting from an untreated injury. In this retrospective study, we report on hand infection cases needing surgical drainage in order to assess patient demographics, causation of infection, clinical course, and clinical management. Methods. Medical records of patients presenting with hand infections, excluding post-surgical infections, treated with incision and debridement over a one-year period were reviewed. Patient demographics; past medical history; infection site(s) and causation; intervals between onset of infection, hospital admission, surgical intervention and days of hospitalization; gram stains and cultures; choice of antibiotics; complications; and outcomes were reviewed. Results. Most infections were caused by laceration and the most common site of infection was the palm or dorsum of the hand. Mean length of hospitalization was 6 days. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic Streptococcus and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly cultured microorganisms. Cephalosporins, clindamycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, penicillin, vancomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole were major antibiotic choices. Amputations and contracture were the primary complications. Conclusions. Surgery along with medical management were key to treatment and most soft tissue infections resolved without further complications. With prompt and appropriate care, most hand infection patients can achieve full resolution of their infection. PMID:25210653

Türker, Tolga; Capdarest-Arest, Nicole; Bertoch, Spencer T; Bakken, Erik C; Hoover, Susan E; Zou, Jiyao

2014-01-01

292

Driving and legal status of Spanish opioid-dependent patients  

PubMed Central

Background Opioid dependent patients have legal problems, driving violations and accidents more frequently than the general population. We have hypothesized that those patients currently driving may have better legal outcomes than those who do not possess a valid driving license. With this aim we have analyzed the information gathered in the PROTEUS study regarding the legal and driving statuses and assessed the possible association between them. The PROTEUS study was an observational, cross-sectional, descriptive, multicenter nationwide representative study, conducted in Spanish healthcare centers for opioid dependent patients. Findings The driving and legal statuses of a population of opioid dependent patients ?18 years and enrolled in Opioid Agonist Therapy treatment centers in Spain, were assessed using a short specific questionnaire and the EuropASI questionnaire to highlight distinct individual clinical needs. 621 patients were evaluable (84% men, 24.5% active workers). 321 patients (52%) drove on a regular basis. Nineteen percent of patients had some problem with the criminal justice system. There was a significant difference (p?=?0.0433) in status, according to the criminal justice system, between patients who drove on a regular basis and those who did not, with a higher percentage of patients with non-pending charges among usual drivers. Conclusions Regular drivers showed fewer legal problems than non-regular drivers, with the exception of those related to driving (driving violations and drunk driving). Driving is a good prognostic factor for the social integration of the patients and policies should be implemented to enable these patients to drive safely under medical authorization. The legal description will be useful to assess treatment efficacy. PMID:23731546

2013-01-01

293

Hand-Based Biometric Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hand-based biometric analysis systems and techniques provide robust hand-based identification and verification. An image of a hand is obtained, which is then segmented into a palm region and separate finger regions. Acquisition of the image is performed without requiring particular orientation or placement restrictions. Segmentation is performed without the use of reference points on the images. Each segment is analyzed by calculating a set of Zernike moment descriptors for the segment. The feature parameters thus obtained are then fused and compared to stored sets of descriptors in enrollment templates to arrive at an identity decision. By using Zernike moments, and through additional manipulation, the biometric analysis is invariant to rotation, scale, or translation or an input image. Additionally, the analysis uses re-use of commonly seen terms in Zernike calculations to achieve additional efficiencies over traditional Zernike moment calculation.

Bebis, George

2013-01-01

294

Radiation protection for your hands.  

PubMed

A prospective clinical trial was performed to assess the suitability of a new type of sterilisable, user-friendly radiation protection glove. In a preliminary trial, we showed that the dominant hand of the primary operating orthopaedic surgeon receives the highest dose of radiation. During a 4-month period, 98 procedures were done requiring the use of an image intensifier. The doses of radiation to the dominant hand of the operating surgeon were reduced to less than the doses of radiation to the non-dominant hand. The glove was sterilisable, user-friendly and accepted by the majority of surgeons. It offers greater than 90% attenuation of X-rays and is superior to all other scatter gloves on the market. PMID:16051240

Back, D L; Hilton, A I; Briggs, T W R; Scott, J; Burns, M; Warren, P

2005-12-01

295

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets of emotional expressivity: negative  

E-print Network

: Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (1997). Revealing feelings: Facets of emotional expressivity in self include: Gross, J.J. (2000). The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire. In J. Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A Mellen Press. Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (1998). Mapping the domain of expressivity: Multi-method evidence

Gross, James J.

296

Evaluating hand in systemic sclerosis.  

PubMed

Articular symptoms are common in SSc and joint pain is a frequent presenting feature of this disease. Hand involvement is often the first clinical manifestation of SSc and could be resulted from fibrosis or synovitis or an overlap syndrome with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); though, the latter is a controversy in practice. To define the clues when identifying the nature of the hand arthropathy in SSc. In order to determine the hand arthropathy, serological tests, hand radiography, finger-to-palm (FTP) distance and other clinical features, disease activity and functional scoring parameters were assessed. Twenty-eight consecutive SSc patients and 43 controls (21 rheumatoid arthritis and 22 healthy controls) were included. Radiographic findings in SSc patients were: Erosions 25%, joint space narrowing 17.9%, arthritis 10.7%, radiological demineralisation 42.9%, acro-osteolysis 25%, flexion contracture 28.6% and calcinosis 17.9%. Anti-CCP antibody and RF positivity were as follows: In SSc group: 3 (11%) and 7 patients (25%); In RA group: 13 (62%) and 19 patients (90.5%); In healthy control group: 1 (4%) and 3 persons (13.6%), respectively. Two patients (7.14%) were regarded as RA overlap, whom both had positive RF and positive anti-CCP results and their radiographs revealed arthritis. Seventeen patients (61%) were regarded as SSc arthropathy; all were negative for RF and anti-CCP but revealed nonarthritic radiological findings. (Among them, only one patient had positive anti-CCP result). The remainder (9 patients) had no radiological or serological finding positive for arthropathy. Arthritis was found to have correlation with heart involvement and FTP was correlated with lung involvement. Hand involvement in SSc is a challenge in rheumatology practice; Radiographic testing when evaluated with RF and anti-CCP will be a helpful tool to discriminate SSc arthropathy from RA-SSc overlap. Hand arthropathy should increase the interest in the serious internal organ involvements of SSc. PMID:22090005

Arslan Tas, Didem; Erken, Eren; Sakalli, Hakan; Yucel, A Eftal

2012-11-01

297

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity.  

PubMed

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings. The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was compliant with the guidelines of International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) Project. In the first stage, two independent translators converted the originals into Polish. Stage two, consisted of a comparison of the originals and two translated versions. During that stage, the team of two translators and authors of the project identified differences in those translations and created a combination of the two. In the third stage, two independent translators, who were native speakers of German, translated the adjusted version of the Polish translation into the language of the original document. At the last stage, a commission composed of: specialists in orthopedics, translators, a statistician and a psychologist reviewed all translations and drafted a pre-final version of the questionnaires. Thirty-five adolescent girls with idiopathic scoliosis who were treated with Cheneau brace were subjected to the questionnaire assessment. All patients were treated in an out-patient setting by a specialist in orthopedics at the Chair and Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology. Median age of patients was 14.8 SD 1.5, median value of the Cobb's angle was 27.8 degrees SD 7.4. 48.6% of patients had thoracic scoliosis, 31.4% had thoracolumbar scoliosis, and 20% patients had lumbar scoliosis. Median results obtained by means of the Polish version of BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity questionnaires were 17.9 SD 5.0 and 11.3 SD 4.7, respectively. Internal consistency of BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity was at the level of 0.80 and 0.87, whereas the value of the absolute stability factor was 0.82 and 0.88. Overall, the Polish versions of the BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity Questionnaires are characterized by high values of internal consistency factor and absolute stability factor. Following the process of adaptation, the authors obtained a tool that is instrumental in clinical evaluations and complies with methodological criteria. PMID:19669802

Misterska, Ewa; G?owacki, Maciej; Harasymczuk, Jerzy

2009-12-01

298

2.MD Hand Span Measures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Hand span is a measure of distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger with the hand fully extended. Each student places his or h...

299

29 CFR 1910.138 - Hand protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hand protection. 1910.138 Section 1910...Personal Protective Equipment § 1910.138 Hand protection. (a) General requirements...and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees'...

2012-07-01

300

29 CFR 1910.138 - Hand protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hand protection. 1910.138 Section 1910...Personal Protective Equipment § 1910.138 Hand protection. (a) General requirements...and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees'...

2013-07-01

301

Clean Hands Save Lives: Emergency Situations  

MedlinePLUS

... Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis Volcanoes Wildfires Winter Weather Clean Hands Save Lives: Emergency Situations DISASTER RECOVERY FACT SHEET ... washing hands (sanitizers). When should you wash your hands? Examples include: Before preparing or eating food After ...

302

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD)  

MedlinePLUS

... eating utensils or cups with infected persons Podcast: Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease A CDC epidemiologist, Dr. ... do not get the human disease. Outbreaks of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Large outbreaks of hand, ...

303

29 CFR 1910.138 - Hand protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hand protection. 1910.138 Section 1910...Personal Protective Equipment § 1910.138 Hand protection. (a) General requirements...and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees'...

2011-07-01

304

29 CFR 1910.138 - Hand protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand protection. 1910.138 Section 1910...Personal Protective Equipment § 1910.138 Hand protection. (a) General requirements...and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees'...

2010-07-01

305

29 CFR 1910.138 - Hand protection.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hand protection. 1910.138 Section 1910...Personal Protective Equipment § 1910.138 Hand protection. (a) General requirements...and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees'...

2014-07-01

306

The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.  

PubMed

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

2014-04-01

307

Validation of a Spanish version of the Spine Functional Index  

PubMed Central

Background The Spine Functional Index (SFI) is a recently published, robust and clinimetrically valid patient reported outcome measure. Objectives The purpose of this study was the adaptation and validation of a Spanish-version (SFI-Sp) with cultural and linguistic equivalence. Methods A two stage observational study was conducted. The SFI was cross-culturally adapted to Spanish through double forward and backward translation then validated for its psychometric characteristics. Participants (n?=?226) with various spine conditions of >12 weeks duration completed the SFI-Sp and a region specific measure: for the back, the Roland Morris Questionnaire (RMQ) and Backache Index (BADIX); for the neck, the Neck Disability Index (NDI); for general health the EQ-5D and SF-12. The full sample was employed to determine internal consistency, concurrent criterion validity by region and health, construct validity and factor structure. A subgroup (n?=?51) was used to determine reliability at seven days. Results The SFI-Sp demonstrated high internal consistency (??=?0.85) and reliability (r?=?0.96). The factor structure was one-dimensional and supported construct validity. Criterion specific validity for function was high with the RMQ (r?=?0.79), moderate with the BADIX (r?=?0.59) and low with the NDI (r?=?0.46). For general health it was low with the EQ-5D and inversely correlated (r?=??0.42) and fair with the Physical and Mental Components of the SF-12 and inversely correlated (r?=??0.56 and r?=??0.48), respectively. The study limitations included the lack of longitudinal data regarding other psychometric properties, specifically responsiveness. Conclusions The SFI-Sp was demonstrated as a valid and reliable spine-regional outcome measure. The psychometric properties were comparable to and supported those of the English-version, however further longitudinal investigations are required. PMID:24972525

2014-01-01

308

Developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87  

PubMed Central

In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure. PMID:24661014

La Rochelle, Jeffrey S.; Dezee, Kent J.; Gehlbach, Hunter

2014-01-01

309

Measurement properties of translated versions of neck-specific questionnaires: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Several disease-specific questionnaires to measure pain and disability in patients with neck pain have been translated. However, a simple translation of the original version doesn't guarantee similar measurement properties. The objective of this study is to critically appraise the quality of the translation process, cross-cultural validation and the measurement properties of translated versions of neck-specific questionnaires. Methods Bibliographic databases were searched for articles concerning the translation or evaluation of the measurement properties of a translated version of a neck-specific questionnaire. The methodological quality of the selected studies and the results of the measurement properties were critically appraised and rated using the COSMIN checklist and criteria for measurement properties. Results The search strategy resulted in a total of 3641 unique hits, of which 27 articles, evaluating 6 different questionnaires in 15 different languages, were included in this study. Generally the methodological quality of the translation process is poor and none of the included studies performed a cross-cultural adaptation. A substantial amount of information regarding the measurement properties of translated versions of the different neck-specific questionnaires is lacking. Moreover, the evidence for the quality of measurement properties of the translated versions is mostly limited or assessed in studies of poor methodological quality. Conclusions Until results from high quality studies are available, we advise to use the Catalan, Dutch, English, Iranian, Korean, Spanish and Turkish version of the NDI, the Chinese version of the NPQ, and the Finnish, German and Italian version of the NPDS. The Greek NDI needs cross-cultural validation and there is no methodologically sound information for the Swedish NDI. For all other languages we advise to translate the original version of the NDI. PMID:21645355

2011-01-01

310

Arm and Hand Movement Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The control of arm and hand movements in human and nonhuman primates has fascinated researchers in psychology, neuroscience, robotics, and numerous re-lated areas. Movement appears effortless to the uninitiated observer, only when trying to duplicate such skills with artificial systems or when examining the un-derlying neural substrate, one discovers a surprising complexity that, so far, has prevented us from understanding

Stefan Schaal

2002-01-01

311

Left-handed coplanar waveguide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new version of a left-handed coplanar waveguide. The line has a fully uniplanar structure without vias and lumped elements. The series capacitors are represented by interdigital capacitors and the parallel inductors by short circuited CPW stubs connected to a ground metallization. The measured frequency dependences of S21 and S11 agree well with the data predicted by

J. Machae; M. Hudlieka; J. Zehentner; N. G. Spiliotis; A. S. Omar

2005-01-01

312

Hands-on Digital Tech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, only the best-funded schools could afford to offer students the kinds of hands-on science experiences that "real life" scientists perform. However, with the advent of digital technologies and portable, affordable handheld computing devices, real world investigations--that also address science standards--are now broadly accessible to…

Tuttle, Harry Grover

2007-01-01

313

Prosthetic Hand Lifts Heavy Loads  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Prosthetic hand designed to enable amputee to lift diverse heavy objects like rocks and logs. Has simple serrated end effector with no moving parts. Prosthesis held on forearm by system of flexible straps. Features include ruggedness, simplicity, and relatively low cost.

Carden, James R.; Norton, William; Belcher, Jewell G.; Vest, Thomas W.

1991-01-01

314

Hand held explosives detection system  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a sensitive hand-held explosives detection device capable of detecting the presence of extremely low quantities of high explosives molecules, and which is applicable to sampling vapors from personnel, baggage, cargo, etc., as part of an explosives detection system.

Conrad, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01

315

Stadia Hand Transit with Case  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This instrument was manufactured by Keuffel & Esser Company, New York & New Jersey, serial #2300. Stadia Hand Transits are made of up a small telescope with cross and stadia hairs and a circular box which serves as either a magnetic compass or clinometer. The company sold these instruments from 1910...

2009-07-22

316

Hands-On Nuclear Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuclear science is an important topic in terms of its application to power generation, medical diagnostics and treatment, and national defense. Unfortunately, the subatomic domain is far removed from daily experience, and few learning aids are available to teachers. What follows describes a low-tech, hands-on method to teach important concepts in…

Whittaker, Jeff

2013-01-01

317

SUBUNGUAL EXOSTOSIS IN THE HAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is thought to be a relatively common tumour, only 34 positively identified cases of subungual exostosis in the hand have been found in the literature to date. 16 further cases are reported, making this the largest published series. Seven cases presented with an incorrect diagnosis. An X-ray easily differentiates the tumour from an osteochondroma of the distal phalanx,

R E. CARROLL; J. T. CHANCE; Y. INAN

1992-01-01

318

Stereo photography with hand phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mobile phone (Hand Phone) is designed to display stereo images taken from a camera attached to it. Software of processing a stereo image pair to be displayed on the display panel of the phone is developed and a detachable viewing zone forming optics is installed for the stereoscopic image generation without moires. Since the phone is operating only in

Jung-Young Son; Vladimir V. Saveljev; Kyung-Hoon Cha; Sung-Kyu Kim; Min-Chul Park; Sung-Hwan Jang

2006-01-01

319

The relationship between hand function, depression, and the psychological impact of trauma in patients with traumatic hand injury.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the acute-stage and later-stage impacts of trauma on a patient, and to determine the relationship between the degree of the impact of the event and recovery of hand function in patients with traumatic hand injury. The functional status of patients was assessed by the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire; psychological influence was assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); and the impact of the event was assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) both during the acute stage and at a later stage. Fifty-four patients completed the study. The DASH, BDI, and IES-R scores were significantly improved at a later stage compared with the acute stage (P<0.05). The DASH, BDI, and IES-R scores had significant positive correlations with each other in both the acute stage and later stage (P<0.05). In the linear regression analysis, the independent variables affecting the DASH score at a later stage were the DASH and IES-R scores in the acute stage (P<0.05), whereas depression scores had no effect on functional outcome (P>0.05). Our study suggests that depression status, functional status of the hand, and impact of the event improve at a later stage, and that the functional outcome at a later stage is affected by the degree of impact of the event, and the functional status of the hand in the acute stage, in patients with traumatic hand injury. PMID:24276593

Dogu, Beril; Kuran, Banu; Sirzai, Hulya; Sag, Sinem; Akkaya, Nuray; Sahin, Fusun

2014-06-01

320

1) Washing your hands often using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.  

E-print Network

1) Washing your hands often using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. · Ensure hands are washed: · After coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose; · After shaking hands; · Before eating; · Before.uwo.ca/influenza-microsite If you notice broken hand sanitizing dispensers or hand washing faucets in your work area, please contact

Christensen, Dan

321

Counting Poker Hands Math 210G In class we discussed the numbers of various poker hands. A poker hand  

E-print Network

Counting Poker Hands Math 210G In class we discussed the numbers of various poker hands. A poker hand will be defined by taking five cards from a deck of 52 cards. What makes counting various, 5, 4, 3, 2. In determining the number of possible poker hands of a specific type, it is helpful

Lakey, Joseph D.

322

How many training modalities are needed to obtain procedural confidence in intraosseous access? A questionnaire study.  

PubMed

Participants in advanced resuscitation courses are often expected to learn to perform intraosseous access (IO). But how many learning modalities are needed to achieve procedural confidence in IO? We distributed an online questionnaire to members of emergency medicine, paediatric and anaesthesiology societies in Scandinavia. The responders without real-life experience with IO (n=322) were classified as 'not confident' or 'confident' in IO. Of total responders 22.8% without training felt confident. Confidence increased to 74.8% after one training modality, 87.9% after two modalities, 98.7% after three modalities and 100% after four modalities (P<0.0001). Of total responders 89.5% who had 'workshop or similar training with hands-on experience' as sole teaching method was confident. Confidence in IO increases with the number of learning modalities. 'Workshop or similar training with hands-on experience' as single training modality seemed as effective as the combination of two modalities. PMID:21785359

Hallas, Peter; Folkestad, Lars; Brabrand, Mikkel

2011-12-01

323

Hand-arm vibration syndrome in Swedish car mechanics  

PubMed Central

Aims: To assess the occurrence of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) in Swedish car mechanics, and the relation between HAVS and duration of exposure. Methods: A total of 806 mechanics answered a questionnaire on vascular and neurological symptoms, and exposure to vibrations. Mechanics with symptoms, and some mechanics without symptoms, were invited to a clinical examination, including also a timed Allen test. Vascular and neurological symptoms were classified using the Stockholm Workshop scales. The mean daily exposure (mainly using nut-runners) was 14 minutes and the mean exposure duration, 12 years. Published data have shown vibration levels in nut-runners of about 3.5 m/s2. Results: In the questionnaire, 24% reported cold induced white finger (WF), 25% persistent numbness, and 13%, reduced grip force. The clinical examination showed a prevalence of vibration induced white finger (VWF) of about 15%, mainly in stage 2, and after 20 years, of 25%. A survival analysis showed similar results. We found that the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) model underestimates the risk of VWF. The incidence after 1975 was 19 cases per 1000 person-years. Slow refill times in the timed Allen test were common (15% had a refill time of >20 seconds), and associated with the presence of VWF. The clinical examination revealed neurological symptoms in the hands in about 25% of subjects, mainly at stage 2. After 20 years, the prevalence was 40%. The questionnaire items on WF and numbness both showed likelihood ratios of 13. Conclusion: HAVS is common among Swedish car mechanics in spite of short daily exposure times. This underlines the need for preventive measures. PMID:12660377

Barregard, L; Ehrenstrom, L; Marcus, K

2003-01-01

324

Spanish Heritage Language Learners' Allocation of Time to Writing Processes in English and Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study brings together previous research on writing processes and Spanish heritage language (SHL) learners to obtain a clearer picture of these learners' writing behaviors in English and Spanish. Following a cognitive-oriented framework, the study explores planning time, execution time, monitoring time, accuracy, and fluency. Twelve SHL…

Mikulski, Ariana; Elola, Idoia

2011-01-01

325

Spanish Teachers' Sense of Humor and Student Performance on the National Spanish Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that second/foreign language teachers' sense of humor is directly related to many outcomes for teachers and their students. This research investigates the relationship between the perceived sense of humor of in-service Spanish teachers' (n?=?102) and their students' (n?=?5,419) score on the National Spanish Exams…

Swanson, Peter B.

2013-01-01

326

Elaboration and Simplification in Spanish Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares spoken discourse models in Spanish as a second language textbooks and online language learning resources with naturally occurring conversations. Telephone service encounters are analyzed from the point of view of three different dimensions of authenticity: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and psycholinguistic. An analysis of 20…

Granena, Gisela

2008-01-01

327

English-Spanish Verbatim Translation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and validation of the English-Spanish Verbatim Translation Exam (ESVTE) is described. The test is for use by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the selection of applicants for the positions of Language Specialist or Contract Linguist. The report is divided into eight sections. Section 1 describes the need for the test,…

Stansfield, Charles W.; And Others

328

Hiatus Resolution in Spanish: An Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Spanish, adjacent vowels across and within word boundaries are either in hiatus or form a diphthong. Generally, when either of the unstressed high vowels /i/ and /u/ appears next to any of the other vowels /e/, /a/, or /o/ the result is a diphthong (i.e., "puerta" "door" less than [pwer.ta], "miel" "honey" less than [mjel], and so on). All…

Souza, Benjamin J.

2010-01-01

329

Business Spanish: Role Playing for Oral Proficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The situation card used in the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages/Educational Testing Service (ACTFL/ETS) Oral Proficiency Interview provides a kind of linguistic-topographical map of the student's foreign language ability by measuring what the student of business Spanish is able or unable to do in business situations in that…

Doyle, Michael Scott

330

Plant Nutrition in Spanish Secondary Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors analyse the conceptual contents related to plant nutrition in the widely-used school texts of six Spanish publishers. An analysis dossier was elaborated based on the epistemological and pedagogical study of this subject. The publishers deal with the issue of plant nutrition at three different levels (multicellular,…

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Concepcion; Garcia-Barrios, Susana; Martinez-Lozada, Cristina

2009-01-01

331

Cultural Myopia: A Challenge to Spanish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers current thinking about intercultural attitudes in Spain to demonstrate reasons why the Spanish approach to interculturalism, particularly in schools, has not been at the forefront of societal, governmental, or educational thinking. Discusses the dangers of ignoring immigrants' needs and abilities within the community and the…

Cowan, Bryan J.; Perez-Dominguez, Servando

1996-01-01

332

Perceptual prothesis in native Spanish speakers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research suggests a perceptual bias exists for native phonotactics [D. Massaro and M. Cohen, Percept. Psychophys. 34, 338-348 (1983)] such that listeners report nonexistent segments when listening to stimuli that violate native phonotactics [E. Dupoux, K. Kakehi, Y. Hirose, C. Pallier, and J. Mehler, J. Exp. Psychol.: Human Percept. Perform. 25, 1568-1578 (1999)]. This study investigated how native-language experience affects second language processing, focusing on how native Spanish speakers perceive the English clusters /st/, /sp/, and /sk/, which represent phonotactically illegal forms in Spanish. To preserve native phonotactics, Spanish speakers often produce prothetic vowels before English words beginning with /s/ clusters. Is the influence of native phonotactics also present in the perception of illegal clusters? A stimuli continuum ranging from no vowel (e.g., ``sku'') to a full vowel (e.g., ``esku'') before the cluster was used. Four final vowel contexts were used for each cluster, resulting in 12 sCV and 12 VsCV nonword endpoints. English and Spanish listeners were asked to discriminate between pairs differing in vowel duration and to identify the presence or absence of a vowel before the cluster. Results will be discussed in terms of implications for theories of second language speech perception.

Theodore, Rachel M.; Schmidt, Anna M.

2003-04-01

333

Early Trilingualism: Basque, English, and Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared narratives in Spanish, Basque, and English of a 5-year-old trilingual child. The child produced narratives of a familiar story, learned through an English video recording, in each language while looking at a printed version of the story. All interlocutors were adult native speakers of the languages, well known to the child. The…

Cenoz, Jasone; Barnes, Julia

334

Spanish is Numero Uno for "Project Bright."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In New York State, the 24 brightest fifth and sixth graders from Avon, Caledonia, and York participated in a project funded by Title IV minigrants, distributed through BOCES. The children were bussed to a central point and permitted to study whatever they wished; Spanish was the first subject selected. (EJS)

Larew, Leonor A.

1978-01-01

335

BachelorofArts French/Spanish  

E-print Network

/Spanish. In addition to majors, the Modern Languages Department offers five minors, available for the B.A., B.Sc./B.Ed program with a Modern Languages Education minor. Please refer to the University of Lethbridge CalendarL website at www.uleth.ca/ross/ppgs/ppg.html Modern Languages Programs The Department of Modern Languages

Seldin, Jonathan P.

336

Family Planning: Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, Nuer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information in English, Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, and Nuer on family planning. Topics covered include a variety of birth control methods: abstinence, condoms, contraceptive foam, birth control pills, the Depo-Provera shot, the Norplant implant, diaphragms, intrauterine devices, natural family planning, sterilization, and the…

Anoka County Community Health and Environmental Services, Coon Rapids, MN.

337

Singular and Plural Pronominal Reference in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two self-paced, sentence-by-sentence reading experiments, we examined the difference in the processing of Spanish discourses containing overt and null pronouns. In both experiments, antecedents appeared in a single phrase ("John met Mary") or in a conjoined phrase ("John and Mary met"). In Experiment 1, we compared reading…

Gelormini-Lezama, Carlos; Almor, Amit

2014-01-01

338

Checkpoint A-Spanish. Second Language Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New York City schools' syllabus for the first year of high school Spanish instruction outlines a communicative curriculum conforming to state standards of preparation for state language proficiency examinations. The syllabus begins with an introductory section that describes the objectives and approach used and provides suggestions for…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

339

Regionalism and Cultural Pluralism in Spanish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the trend toward increased local autonomy in Spanish education by placing this movement in historical context. Contends that public and social life in Spain may be disrupted by regional pressure for greater self-determination in education. Suggests that fundamental change will be best

Garrido, Jose Luis Garcia

1989-01-01

340

LAS Language Arts Supplement, Spanish. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like its English counterpart, this is a collection of over 100 games and activities whose intent is to increase oral proficiency without requiring reading skills. The collection grew out of the desire to provide remedies for specific linguistic weaknesses in Spanish as identified by the Language Assessment Scales. Because tongue twisters, riddles,…

DeAvila, Edward A.; Duncan, Sharon E.

341

Spanish Intensive Courses: The South Carolina Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Spanish Intensive Courses sequence at the University of South Carolina, first offered in fall 1982, has become well received and highly visible in the university. The sequence has grown to three courses in fall 1983, all exceeding minimum enrollment requirements despite selective admission criteria. The success of the sequence has inspired the…

Hill, David P.

342

Spanish for Agricultural Purposes: The Basic Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, part of a one-semester course for North American agriculture specialists preparing to work in Latin America, is built around specimens of agricultural writing in Spanish. The manual contains 12 lessons on general agriculture, sugar production, grain production, geography, forestry, animal husbandry, soy bean production, agricultural…

Mainous, Bruce H.; And Others

343

Measuring the NAIRU in the Spanish Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the issue of measuring the NAIRU in the Spanish economy. We implement some of the procedures proposed in the literature to estimate the NAIRU, describing their advantages and disadvantages. Our analysis shows that these alternative approaches provide significantly different point estimates of the NAIRU. Moreover, whenever some measures of the precision of the estimate are available, the

Ángel Estrada; Ignacio Hernando; J. David López-Salido

2000-01-01

344

Lexical Connection: Semiterm Grammatical Patterns in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to describe the grammatical patterns of a set of nouns frequently used in Spanish specialized discourse: the so-called "semiterms". The following nouns were selected for the study: "problema" "problem", "resultado" "result", "motivo" "motive/reason", "razon" "reason", and "consecuencia" "consequence". Apart from…

Ferrero, Carmen Lopez

2012-01-01

345

Soldadura (Welding). Spanish Translations for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty transparency masters with Spanish subtitles for key words are provided for a welding/general mechanical repair course. The transparency masters are on such topics as oxyacetylene welding; oxyacetylene welding equipment; welding safety; different types of welds; braze welding; cutting torches; cutting with a torch; protective equipment; arc…

Hohhertz, Durwin

346

Governance in Spanish Universities: Changing Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the current model of governance within Spanish universities, focusing on the areas of state regulation, academic goals, and organizational management. A qualitative approach was adopted for this research, comprising the use of a survey and a focus group. The conclusions of this study provide some insights into the new…

Ion, Georgeta; Castro, Diego

2012-01-01

347

The Semantics of Pluralization in Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of examples of abstract and concrete nouns reveals that pluralization in Spanish is a complex phenomenon from the semantic point of view. The number of abstract negative nouns being pluralized far outweighs that of their positive counterparts. Syntactic pluralization of abstracts implies a semantic change, and sometimes the pluralization…

Prado, Marcial

1986-01-01

348

Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries.  

PubMed

The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury. PMID:24453685

Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

2013-01-01

349

Reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in patients with fibromyalgia.  

PubMed

Fibromyalgia (FM) is recognized as a common condition, characterized by widespread pain and associated with sleep disturbances and poor-quality sleep. The Pittsburgh Sleep Questionnaire Index (PSQI) is one of the most recommended instruments to measure sleep quality and sleep disorders. The purpose of our study was to translate the questionnaire into Spanish and to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the PSQI. A total of 138 women with FM belonging to a FM association (AFIXA, Andalusia, Spain) completed the study. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were analyzed. Factorial analysis was performed for the PSQI components. Convergent validity of the PSQI was evaluated using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient with the Spanish versions of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and the health survey short form-36 (SF-36). In our analysis, the Spanish version of the PSQI has shown a good internal consistency of the total score, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.805, and an acceptable test-retest reliability, with a Spearman's correlation coefficient of 0.773 (p < 0.001), for the total score. A two-factor structure was generated by exploratory factor analysis, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.866 for factor 1 and of 0.712 for factor 2. In convergent validity analysis, the PSQI total score showed a significant correlation (p < 0.01) with the FIQ total score and with the mental and physical health summaries scores of the SF-36. Our results show that the Spanish version of the PSQI provides a reliable instrument, with a good convergent validity for measuring sleep quality among Spanish FM patients. PMID:24509897

Hita-Contreras, Fidel; Martínez-López, Emilio; Latorre-Román, Pedro A; Garrido, Francisco; Santos, María A; Martínez-Amat, Antonio

2014-07-01

350

Factorial invariance of the Patient Health Questionnaire and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objectives The UK's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme uses the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001, J. Gen. Intern. Med., 16, 606) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7; Spitzer et al., 2006, Arch. Intern. Med., 166, 1092) to assess patients' symptoms of depression and anxiety respectively. Data are typically collected via telephone or face-to-face; however, no study has statistically investigated whether the questionnaires' items operate equivalently across these modes of data collection. This study aimed to address this omission. Methods & Results Questionnaire data from patients registered with an IAPT service in London (N = 23,672) were examined. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that unidimensional factor structures adequately matched observed face-to-face and telephone data for the PHQ-9 and GAD-7. Invariance analyses revealed that while the PHQ-9 had equivalent factor loadings and latent means across data collection methods, the GAD-7 had equivalent factor loadings but unequal latent means. In support of the scales' convergent validity, positive associations between scores on the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 emerged. Conclusions With the exception of the GAD-7's latent means, the questionnaires' factor loadings and latent means were equivalent. This suggests that clinicians may meaningfully compare PHQ-9 data collected face-to-face and by telephone; however, such comparisons with the GAD-7 should be done with caution. Practitioner points The PHQ-9 and GAD-7's factor loadings were equivalent across data collection methods. Only the PHQ-9's latent means were equivalent across data collection methods. Clinicians may be confident collecting PHQ-9 data by telephone and face-to-face and, then, comparing such data. Caution is recommended when determining clinical effectiveness using telephone and face-to-face GAD-7 data. More psychometric research is warranted. PMID:24117915

Ryan, Travis A; Bailey, Alastair; Fearon, Pasco; King, John

2013-01-01

351

The projected hand illusion: component structure in a community sample and association with demographics, cognition, and psychotic-like experiences.  

PubMed

The projected hand illusion (PHI) is a variant of the rubber hand illusion (RHI), and both are commonly used to study mechanisms of self-perception. A questionnaire was developed by Longo et al. (2008) to measure qualitative changes in the RHI. Such psychometric analyses have not yet been conducted on the questionnaire for the PHI. The present study is an attempt to validate minor modifications of the questionnaire of Longo et al. to assess the PHI in a community sample (n = 48) and to determine the association with selected demographic (age, sex, years of education), cognitive (Digit Span), and clinical (psychotic-like experiences) variables. Principal components analysis on the questionnaire data extracted four components: Embodiment of "Other" Hand, Disembodiment of Own Hand, Deafference, and Agency-in both synchronous and asynchronous PHI conditions. Questions assessing "Embodiment" and "Agency" loaded onto orthogonal components. Greater illusion ratings were positively associated with being female, being younger, and having higher scores on psychotic-like experiences. There was no association with cognitive performance. Overall, this study confirmed that self-perception as measured with PHI is a multicomponent construct, similar in many respects to the RHI. The main difference lies in the separation of Embodiment and Agency into separate constructs, and this likely reflects the fact that the "live" image of the PHI presents a more realistic picture of the hand and of the stroking movements of the experimenter compared with the RHI. PMID:25120179

Graham, Kyran T; Martin-Iverson, Mathew T; Holmes, Nicholas P; Waters, Flavie A

2015-01-01

352

Curriculum Materials: Hands-On Activities from The Water Sourcebook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These curriculum materials are from The Water Sourcebook series, a popular set of hands-on water environment activities. The activities, arranged by grade level, range from construction of a big book about water in the life of a fish for younger students to the exploration of the physics of artesian flow for older learners. Topics include the water cycle, conservation, consumption, contamination, treatment, landfills, rivers, flow dynamics, and detecting radon. Correlations to other subject areas are indicated. Several of the activities are available in Spanish. There are also links to information and a poster about careers in the water environment field.

353

Pregnancy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Questionnaire Study  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) preferentially affects females at childbearing age. For this reason patients and treating physicians were frequently confronted with questions concerning family planning, pregnancy and birth. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the expertise about pregnancy related topics in multiple sclerosis of neurologists in private practice. Methods We developed a survey with 16 multiple choice questions about pregnancy related topics and sent it to neurologists in private practice in Berlin, Germany. Results 56 completed questionnaires were sent back. 54% of all questions were answered correctly, 21% of the questions were answered with “I don’t know”. Correct answers were more often given by physicians who treat more than 400 MS patients per year (p?=?0.001). Further positive associations were found for assumed relevance of the topic (p?=?0.002) and the degree of counseling (p<0.001). Conclusion To provide a comprehensive counseling, MS patients with desire for children should be counseled by physicians with a lot of experience in MS treatment. PMID:24901447

Borisow, Nadja; Paul, Friedemann; Ohlraun, Stephanie; Pach, Daniel; Fischer, Felix; Dörr, Jan

2014-01-01

354

Responsiveness of the individual work performance questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Individual work performance is an important outcome measure in studies in the workplace. Nevertheless, its conceptualization and measurement has proven challenging. To overcome limitations of existing scales, the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) was recently developed. The aim of the current study was to gain insight into the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Methods Data were used from the Be Active & Relax randomized controlled trial. The aim of the trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention to stimulate physical activity and relaxation of office workers, on need for recovery. Individual work performance was a secondary outcome measure of the trial. In total, 39 hypotheses were formulated concerning correlations between changes on the IWPQ scales and changes on similar constructs (e.g., presenteeism) and distinct constructs (e.g., need for recovery) used in the trial. Results 260 Participants completed the IWPQ at both baseline and 12 months of follow-up. For the IWPQ scales, 23%, 15%, and 38%, respectively, of the hypotheses could be confirmed. In general, the correlations between change scores were weaker than expected. Nevertheless, at least 85% of the correlations were in the expected direction. Conclusions Based on results of the current study, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Several reasons may account for the weaker than expected correlations. Future research on the IWPQ’s responsiveness should be conducted, preferably in other populations and intervention studies, where greater changes over time can be expected. PMID:24885593

2014-01-01

355

The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ)  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) is a validated 16-item, patient-reported outcome measure for evaluating outcomes of foot or ankle surgery. The original development of the instrument identified three domains. This present study examined whether the three domains could legitimately be summed to provide a single summary index score. Methods The MOXFQ and Short-Form (SF)-36 were administered to 671 patients before surgery of the foot or ankle. Data from the three domains of the MOXFQ (pain, walking/standing and social interaction) were subjected to higher order factor analysis. Reliability and validity of the summary index score was assessed. Results The mean age of the participants was 52.8 years (sd 15.68; 18 to 89). Higher order principle components factor analysis produced one factor, accounting for 74.7% of the variance. The newly derived single index score was found to be internally reliable (? = 0.93) and valid, achieving at least moderate correlations (r ? 0.5, p < 0.001) with related (pain/function) domains of the SF-36. Conclusions Analyses indicated that data from the MOXFQ can be presented in summary form. The MOXFQ summary index score (MOXFQ-Index) provides an overall indication of the outcomes of foot and ankle surgery. Furthermore, the single index reduces the number of statistical comparisons, and hence the role of chance, when exploring MOXFQ data. PMID:23673374

Morley, D.; Jenkinson, C.; Doll, H.; Lavis, G.; Sharp, R.; Cooke, P.; Dawson, J.

2013-01-01

356

Methamphetamine and paranoia: the methamphetamine experience questionnaire.  

PubMed

Paranoia in methamphetamine (MA) users is not well characterized or understood. To investigate this phenomenon, we created the Methamphetamine Experience Questionnaire (MEQ), and tested its reliability and validity in assessing MA-induced paranoia. We administered the MEQ to 274 MA-dependent subjects. Of the total subjects, 45% (123) first experienced paranoia with MA use; 55% did not. Obtaining or using a weapon while paranoid was common (37% and 11% of subjects with MA-induced paranoia, respectively). Test-retest and inter-rater reliability for MA-induced paranoia showed substantial agreement (kappa = .77, p < .05 and kappa = .80, p < .05, respectively). First episodes of paranoia occurred more often with intravenous use of MA, and subsequent episodes at higher doses. There was modest correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) paranoid ideation scale (rho = .27, p < .05). As expected, there was a poor correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the BSI depression scale (rho = .14, p = .07). The MEQ provides useful information on drug use variables that contribute to paranoia commonly associated with MA use. (Am J Addict 2010;00:1-14). PMID:20163388

Leamon, Martin H; Flower, Keith; Salo, Ruth E; Nordahl, Thomas E; Kranzler, Henry R; Galloway, Gantt P

2010-01-01

357

Roughness Perception during the Rubber Hand Illusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Watching a rubber hand being stroked by a paintbrush while feeling identical stroking of one's own occluded hand can create a compelling illusion that the seen hand becomes part of one's own body. It has been suggested that this so-called rubber hand illusion (RHI) does not simply reflect a bottom-up multisensory integration process but that the…

Schutz-Bosbach, Simone; Tausche, Peggy; Weiss, Carmen

2009-01-01

358

Evaluation and treatment of chronic hand conditions.  

PubMed

Hand and wrist problems are frequently the cause of patients' complaints in the primary care setting. Common problems include hand numbness, pain, loss of motion, or unexplained masses in the hand. Many problems can be successfully managed or treated with nonoperative measures. This article focuses on commonly encountered causes of chronic hand pain. PMID:24994053

Darowish, Michael; Sharma, Jyoti

2014-07-01

359

Hand Motion Prediction for Distributed Virtual Environments  

E-print Network

Hand Motion Prediction for Distributed Virtual Environments Addison Chan, Rynson W. H. Lau, Senior Member, IEEE, and Lewis Li Abstract--We use our hands to manipulate objects in our daily life. The hand, there is not much work that considers using the hand as input in distributed virtual environments (DVEs

Lau, W. H. Nynson

360

High fecal hand contamination among wilderness hikers.  

PubMed

Information about hand hygiene and fecal hand contamination among the general public is limited. Hands are an important vector in transmission of various pathogenic bacteria. We found high (31%) prevalence of fecal hand contamination among healthy adults engaged in hiking. PMID:22421076

Kellogg, Dylan S; Rosenbaum, Paula F; Kiska, Deanna L; Riddell, Scott W; Welch, Thomas R; Shaw, Jana

2012-11-01

361

Robot Hand Grips Cylinders Securely  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Jaws and linkage accommodate various sizes. Robot hand includes two pairs of parallel jaws that grasp rods, pipes, tubes, struts, and other long, heavy cylindrical objects. Hand features compact rotary drive and butterfly configuration simplifying approach and gripping maneuvers of robot. Parallelogram linkages maintain alignment of each jaw with other jaws. One bar of each linkage connected to one of two concentric, counterrotating shafts; rotation of shafts moves jaws in each pair toward or away from each other to grasp or release workpiece. Each jaw includes rigid gripping pad lined with rubber to give firm grip and to prevent damage to workpiece. Inner cylindrical surface (corner) of each jaw tapers off to flat sides. Enables jaw to grasp workpieces with diameters larger than or equal to twice the corner radius.

Parma, George F.

1989-01-01

362

Hand kinematics of piano playing  

PubMed Central

Dexterous use of the hand represents a sophisticated sensorimotor function. In behaviors such as playing the piano, it can involve strong temporal and spatial constraints. The purpose of this study was to determine fundamental patterns of covariation of motion across joints and digits of the human hand. Joint motion was recorded while 5 expert pianists played 30 excerpts from musical pieces, which featured ?50 different tone sequences and fingering. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis using an expectation-maximization algorithm revealed that joint velocities could be categorized into several patterns, which help to simplify the description of the movements of the multiple degrees of freedom of the hand. For the thumb keystroke, two distinct patterns of joint movement covariation emerged and they depended on the spatiotemporal patterns of the task. For example, the thumb-under maneuver was clearly separated into two clusters based on the direction of hand translation along the keyboard. While the pattern of the thumb joint velocities differed between these clusters, the motions at the metacarpo-phalangeal and proximal-phalangeal joints of the four fingers were more consistent. For a keystroke executed with one of the fingers, there were three distinct patterns of joint rotations, across which motion at the striking finger was fairly consistent, but motion of the other fingers was more variable. Furthermore, the amount of movement spillover of the striking finger to the adjacent fingers was small irrespective of the finger used for the keystroke. These findings describe an unparalleled amount of independent motion of the fingers. PMID:21880938

Flanders, Martha; Soechting, John F.

2011-01-01

363

Stereo photography with hand phone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mobile phone (Hand Phone) is designed to display stereo images taken from a camera attached to it. Software of processing a stereo image pair to be displayed on the display panel of the phone is developed and a detachable viewing zone forming optics is installed for the stereoscopic image generation without moires. Since the phone is operating only in the palm of the phone's owner, special cares needed in photographing the image pair are described.

Son, Jung-Young; Saveljev, Vladimir V.; Cha, Kyung-Hoon; Kim, Sung-Kyu; Park, Min-Chul; Jang, Sung-Hwan

2006-10-01

364

Vascular lesions of the hand.  

PubMed

The vascular malformations are not uncommon on the hand and offer diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Enjolras and Mulliken's classification is exposed. Their depiction and pretreatment assessment may benefit from non-invasive imaging as color-Doppler ultrasound and MRI combined with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Some chronic traumatic vascular injuries as the hypothenar hammer syndrome may also take advantage of these imaging modalities. PMID:16298677

Drapé, Jean-Luc; Feydy, Antoine; Guerini, Henri; Desmarais, Eric; Godefroy, Didier; Le Viet, Dominique; Chevrot, Alain

2005-12-01

365

Hand Transplantation: The Louisville Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In February 1964, Dr. Roberto Gilbert Elizalde performed a right forearm transplant on a 28-year-old sailor with a blast injury,\\u000a laying the foundation to the field of hand transplantation. However, it was not until September 1991, that the first conference\\u000a on composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) was held in Washington, DC to “determine the clinical feasibility of transplanting\\u000a limbs in patients

Vijay S. Gorantla; Warren C. Breidenbach

366

Usual Dietary Intakes: NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Cancer.gov

NCI developed a new instrument called the NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (formerly called Food Propensity Questionnaire) and supported its application in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This instrument collects much of the same information as a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), but without asking about portion size. The resulting data can be employed in the NCI usual dietary intakes model as covariates. By not asking about portion size, the NHANES FFQ requires less respondent burden than other FFQs.

367

Reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire.Methods: A sample of 4619 male and female high school students from white, black, Hispanic, and other racial\\/ethnic groups completed the YRBS questionnaire on two occasions approximately two weeks apart. The questionnaire assesses a broad range of health risk behaviors. This study used a protocol that

Nancy D Brener; Laura Kann; Tim McManus; Steven A Kinchen; Elizabeth C Sundberg; James G Ross

2002-01-01

368

Ciencias en Espanol, 1995-96 (Sciences in Spanish, 1995-96). Research Report on Educational Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An elementary science program was taught in Spanish for English-speaking children to give them the opportunity to acquire second language skills through hands-on science instruction. The program included 4 classes of approximately 22 students at kindergarten and first-grade levels in the gifted and talented program at the Gary Herod Elementary…

Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

369

Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD  

PubMed Central

Background There is some evidence that quality of life measured by long disease-specific questionnaires may predict exacerbations in asthma and COPD, however brief quality of life tools, such as the Airways Questionnaire 20 (AQ20) or the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), have not yet been evaluated as predictors of hospital exacerbations. Objectives To determine the ability of brief specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaires (AQ20 and CCQ) to predict emergency department visits (ED) and hospitalizations in patients with asthma and COPD, and to compare them to longer disease-specific questionnaires, such as the St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Methods We conducted a two-year prospective cohort study of 208 adult patients (108 asthma, 100 COPD). Baseline sociodemographic, clinical, functional and psychological variables were assessed. All patients completed the AQ20 and the SGRQ. COPD patients also completed the CCQ and the CRQ, while asthmatic patients completed the AQLQ. We registered all exacerbations that required ED or hospitalizations in the follow-up period. Differences between groups (zero ED visits or hospitalizations versus???1 ED visits or hospitalizations) were tested with Pearson´s X2 or Fisher´s exact test for categorical variables, ANOVA for normally distributed continuous variables, and Mann–Whitney U test for non-normally distributed variables. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the predictive ability of each HRQoL questionnaire. Results In the first year of follow-up, the AQ20 scores predicted both ED visits (OR: 1.19; p?=?.004; AUC 0.723) and hospitalizations (OR: 1.21; p?=?.04; AUC 0.759) for asthma patients, and the CCQ emerged as independent predictor of ED visits in COPD patients (OR: 1.06; p?=?.036; AUC 0.651), after adjusting for sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. Among the longer disease-specific questionnaires, only the AQLQ emerged as predictor of ED visits in asthma patients (OR: 0.9; p?=?.002; AUC 0.727). In the second year of follow-up, none of HRQoL questionnaires predicted exacerbations. Conclusions AQ20 predicts exacerbations in asthma and CCQ predicts ED visits in COPD in the first year of follow-up. Their predictive ability is similar to or even higher than that of longer disease-specific questionnaires. PMID:23706146

2013-01-01

370

Validation Studies of the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Relation between self report energy expenditure from the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire score, and 7-day objective physical activity (PA) measurements from accelerometers and pedometers (Pearson correlation).

371

The VARK Questionnaire: How Do I Learn Best?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The VARK Questionnaire "How Do I Learn Best?" is a very useful free learning styles survey tool. This questionnaire can help students better understand how they learn and how to best study depending upon their preferred learning style: visual, aural, kinesthetic, read-write or multimodal. After taking the questionnaire, the participant will receive a personal learning profile with learning and study hints specifically geared to their learning style. It also can help instructors find out how their students learn and the best ways to teach them. There is also a version of the questionnaire available for athletes or for younger people.

372

Prolonged disengagement from distractors near the hands  

PubMed Central

Because items near our hands are often more important than items far from our hands, the brain processes visual items near our hands differently than items far from our hands. Multiple experiments have attributed this processing difference to spatial attention, but the exact mechanism behind how spatial attention near our hands changes is still under investigation. The current experiments sought to differentiate between two of the proposed mechanisms: a prioritization of the space near the hands and a prolonged disengagement of spatial attention near the hands. To differentiate between these two accounts, we used the additional singleton paradigm in which observers searched for a shape singleton among homogenously shaped distractors. On half the trials, one of the distractors was a different color. Both the prioritization and disengagement accounts predict differently colored distractors near the hands will slow target responses more than differently colored distractors far from the hands, but the prioritization account also predicts faster responses to targets near the hands than far from the hands. The disengagement account does not make this prediction, because attention does not need to be disengaged when the target appears near the hand. We found support for the disengagement account: Salient distractors near the hands slowed responses more than those far from the hands, yet observers did not respond faster to targets near the hands. PMID:23966971

Vatterott, Daniel B.; Vecera, Shaun P.

2013-01-01

373

Brandeis University Spanish Civil War Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Composed of North American volunteers, the Abraham Lincoln Brigade was one of several international brigades that fought on the side of the Republicans against Franco's fascist Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War (1936-9). The Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archive (ALBA) was founded in 1975 by the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB) to preserve the history of the Brigade's actions in Spain and the post-war activities of its veterans in America. Part of ALBA's mission includes supervising the comprehensive archive of materials related to the North American involvement in the Spanish Civil War at Brandeis University. The site provides a description of the collections, a select reading list, and related links.

374

Early comprehension of the Spanish plural.  

PubMed

Understanding how linguistic cues map to the environment is crucial for early language comprehension and may provide a way for bootstrapping and learning words. Research has suggested that learning how plural syntax maps to the perceptual environment may show a trajectory in which children first learn surrounding cues (verbs, modifiers) before a full mastery of the noun morpheme alone. The Spanish plural system of simple codas, dominated by one allomorph -s, and with redundant agreement markers, may facilitate early understanding of how plural linguistic cues map to novel referents. Two-year-old Mexican children correctly identified multiple novel object referents when multiple verbal cues in a phrase indicated plurality as well as in instances when the noun morphology in novel nouns was the only indicator of plurality. These results demonstrate Spanish-speaking children's ability to use plural noun inflectional morphology to infer novel word referents which may have implications for their word learning. PMID:24560441

Arias-Trejo, Natalia; Cantrell, Lisa M; Smith, Linda B; Alva Canto, Elda A

2014-11-01

375

SPANISH PEAKS WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, COLORADO.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A geologic and geochemical investigation and a survey of mines and prospects were conducted to evaluate the mineral-resource potential of the Spanish Peaks Wilderness Study Area, Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, in south-central Colorado. Anomalous gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc concentrations in rocks and in stream sediments from drainage basins in the vicinity of the old mines and prospects on West Spanish Peak indicate a substantiated mineral-resource potential for base and precious metals in the area surrounding this peak; however, the mineralized veins are sparse, small in size, and generally low in grade. There is a possibility that coal may underlie the study area, but it would be at great depth and it is unlikely that it would have survived the intense igneous activity in the area. There is little likelihood for the occurrence of oil and gas because of the lack of structural traps and the igneous activity.

Budding, Karin E.; Kluender, Steven E.

1984-01-01

376

Dietary guidelines for the Spanish population.  

PubMed

Therapeutic properties have been attributed to the diet since ancient times. Epidemiological evidence starting in the early 1960s supports the relationship between different dietary components, dietary balance and the development of risk factors for prevalent chronic diseases in Western societies. There is also evidence supporting the protective effect of other components of the diet and lifestyle, like regular physical activity. During the last two years, groups of Spanish experts in the field of food, nutrition and health sciences have been involved in the process of analysing each food group in Spanish food patterns under a standard format. For each food group, current level of consumption, trends and scientific evidence linking each particular group or its components with patterns of disease, risk factors or protective effects have been determined from a public health perspective. Conclusions and recommendations for each food group, agreed under consensus by the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) collaborative group of experts, are summarised and reflected in the Food Guide Pyramid presented in this paper. PMID:11918490

Aranceta, J; Serra-Majem, L

2001-12-01

377

Validation of the Spanish version of the hip outcome score: a multicenter study  

PubMed Central

Background The Hip Outcome Score (HOS) is a self-reported questionnaire evaluating the outcomes of treatment interventions for hip pathologies, divided in 19 items of activities of daily life (ADL) and 9 sports’ items. The aim of the present study is to translate and validate HOS into Spanish. Methods A prospective and multicenter study with 100 patients undergoing hip arthroscopy was performed between June 2012 and January 2013. Crosscultural adaptation was used to translate HOS into Spanish. Patients completed the questionnaire before and after surgery. Feasibility, reliability, internal consistency, construct validity (correlation with Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index), ceiling and floor effects and sensitivity to change were assessed for the present study. Results Mean age was 45.05 years old. 36 women and 64 men were included. Feasibility: 13% had at least one missing item within the ADL subscale and 17% within the sport subscale. Reliability: the translated version of HOS was highly reproducible with intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.95 for ADL and 0.94 for the sports subscale. Internal consistency was confirmed with Cronbach’s alpha >0.90 in both subscales. Construct validity showed statistically significant correlation with WOMAC. Ceiling effect was observed in 6% and 12% for ADL and sports subscale, respectively. Floor effect was found in 3% and 37% ADL and sports subscale, respectively. Large sensitivity to change was shown in both subscales. Conclusion The translated version of HOS into Spanish has shown to be feasible, reliable and sensible to changes for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. This validated translation of HOS allows for comparisons between studies involving either Spanish- or English-speaking patients. Level of evidence Prognostic study, Level I PMID:24884511

2014-01-01

378

A Pilot Study on Perception of Spanish Stress by Japanese Learners of Spanish Takuya KIMURA 1  

E-print Network

. The cause of this is the difference in phonetic realizations of Spanish stresses and those of Japanese pattern is affected by the overall intonation pattern [3, 4, 5]. Because of this difference in phonetic

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

379

Enhancing Learning Using Modular Wireless Sensor Networking (WSN) Hands-On Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the use of WSN in educational research as a platform for enhanced learning through hands-on modular experiments to illustrate abstract theoretical concepts in diverse courses in Electrical Engineering. The WSN consists of Mica2 motes with on-board sensors, wireless communication antennas, and processors that are programmed using NesC. Three sets of experiments feeding into different courses (e.g., wireless embedded networks, detection and estimation, stochastic processes, probability theory, statistical pattern recognition, and digital signal processing) and illustrating different theoretical concepts are presented in details. These experiments can be used as demos in those courses and/or can be incorporated as hands-on laboratory projects to go hand in hand with the course. Assessment of the experiments as pedagogical tools are also presented through well designed evaluation questionnaires given to the students. Assessment survey shows that both the sensor network platform and the novel experiments built on them are pedagogically successful tools.

Taslidere, Ezgi; Cohen, Fernand S.; Reisman, Fredricka

380

PIRLS 2011 User Guide for the International Database. Supplement 1: International Version of the PIRLS 2011, Background Questionnaires and Curriculum Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PIRLS 2011 international database includes data for all questionnaires administered as part of the PIRLS 2011 assessment. This supplement contains the international version of the PIRLS 2011 background questionnaires and curriculum questionnaires in the following 5 sections: (1) Student Questionnaire; (2) Home Questionnaire (Learning to Read…

Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Drucker, Kathleen T., Ed.

2013-01-01

381

Performance of Spanish and Boer × Spanish doelings consuming diets with different levels of broiler litter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty Spanish (S) and 40 Boer×Spanish (BS) doelings (14.9±3.8kg and 21.9±3.8kg initial BW, respectively, and approximately 6 months of age) were used in an experiment with four 3-week periods to determine effects of dietary broiler litter (L) level on growth performance. There were two groups per treatment with six S and four BS doelings in each. Dietary treatments were 20%

T. Negesse; A. K. Patra; L. J. Dawson; A. Tolera; R. C. Merkel; T. Sahlu; A. L. Goetsch

2007-01-01

382

The Psychometric Properties of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale in Hispanic Americans with English or Spanish Language Preference  

PubMed Central

The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale (GAD-7) is a self-report questionnaire that is widely used to screen for anxiety. The GAD-7 has been translated into numerous languages, including Spanish. Previous studies evaluating the structural validity of the English and Spanish versions indicate a uni-dimensional factor structure in both languages. However, the psychometric properties of the Spanish language version have yet to be evaluated in samples outside of Spain, and the measure has not been tested for use among Hispanic Americans. This study evaluated the reliability, structural validity, and convergent validity of the English and Spanish language versions of the GAD-7 for Hispanic Americans in the United States. A community sample of 436 Hispanic Americans with an English (n = 210) or Spanish (n = 226) language preference completed the GAD-7. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the goodness of fit of the uni-dimensional factor structure of the GAD-7 across language-preference groups. Results from the multiple-group CFA indicated a similar unidimensional factor structure with equivalent response patterns and item intercepts, but different variances, across language-preference groups. Internal consistency was good for both English and Spanish language-preference groups. The GAD-7 also evidenced good convergent validity as demonstrated by significant correlations in expected directions with the Perceived Stress Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the Physical health domain of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF assessment. The uni-dimensional GAD-7 is suitable for use among Hispanic Americans with an English or Spanish language preference. PMID:25045957

Mills, Sarah D.; Fox, Rina S.; Malcarne, Vanessa L.; Roesch, Scott C.; Champagne, Brian R.; Sadler, Georgia Robins

2014-01-01

383

EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol  

E-print Network

EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study 1 EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol I. Project Overview Title EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol Summary Good hand hygiene is of critical importance in preventing-ill controls (Hennessy et al, 1998; Kassenborg et al, 1998). Research has also indicated that good hand hygiene

384

Technology and Engineering Education Students' Perceptions of Hands-On and Hands-Off Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology and engineering education students responded to a survey regarding hands-on and hands-off activities. First, the students listed hands-on and hands-off activities and what characterized the two types of activities. Activities such as building or assembling something as well as working manually with tools were viewed as hands-on. Passive…

Sianez, David M.; Fugere, Madeleine A.; Lennon, Carter A.

2010-01-01

385

Automatic hand-over animation for free-hand motions from low resolution input  

E-print Network

Automatic hand-over animation for free-hand motions from low resolution input Chris Kang1 , Nkenge of California, Davis Abstract. Hand-over animation is the process by which hand animation is added to existing quality free-hand mo- tion based on the capture of a specific, select small number of markers. Starting

Zordan, Victor

386

An Exploratory Study of Low Income Spanish-American Families in Dona Ana County, New Mexico: Their Marketing and Credit Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing a 77-item questionnaire, the marketing and credit practices of the Spanish American poor in New Mexico were examined. Randomly selected from the Community Action Program files, approximately 100 households in Las Cruces, the main urban center, and 60 households in the small rural communities of Dona Ana and La Mesa (30 in each) were…

Mitchell, Glen Hugh

387

Publishing Spanish-Language Books in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for Spanish language materials as a result of the growth of the Hispanic population, and describes issues faced by one children's book publisher. Topics include how books are selected for translation; Spanish only versus bilingual editions; selecting translators; standard Spanish versus regional Spanish; and information for…

Lee, Philip

2002-01-01

388

SPANISH MINOR DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES AND CULTURE STUDIES  

E-print Network

SPANISH MINOR DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES AND CULTURE STUDIES PROGRAM PLANNING SHEET Student or better may count toward the Spanish minor. Spanish courses taught in English do not count towards the minor. We urge all Spanish minors to participate in UNC Charlotte's Semester in Spain program, Summer

Raja, Anita

389

Problems of Translation of Judeo-Spanish Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems in the translation of Judeo-Spanish texts go beyond the problems normally associated with translation. Aside from near-native control of two languages, the translator must have knowledge of vocabulary that is not completely Spanish and an understanding of the unique orthographic history of the Judeo-Spanish dialect. There are Spanish

Zucker, George K.

390

7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Spanish Splits. 51.2731 Section 51.2731...United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish Splits. “U.S. Spanish Splits”...

2010-01-01

391

Learning Probe: Benchmarking for Excellence. Questionnaire. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a questionnaire designed for work-based learning providers. It is a diagnostic benchmarking tool developed to give organizations a snapshot of their current state. Following a brief introduction, there are instructions for filling in the questionnaire, which includes both open-ended response and scoring according to a…

Owen, Jane; Yarrow, David; Appleby, Alex

392

Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

2010-01-01

393

Development and Initial Validation of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this manuscript was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ) a parent-reported questionnaire for measuring perceived environmental restrictions for young children participation. Reliability and homogeneity were tested by Cronbach's alpha and inter-item correlations.…

Rosenberg, Limor; Ratzon, Nava Z.; Jarus, Tal; Bart, Orit

2010-01-01

394

Dietary Screener Questionnaire in the NHANES 2009-10  

Cancer.gov

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) assesses the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the U.S. It collects detailed information about food, nutrient, and supplement intake and other dietary behaviors. Before the 2009-10 administration, the NHANES collected this information exclusively through 24-hour recalls, food frequency questionnaires, and survey questionnaires.

395

Investigation of Multiple Imputation in Low-Quality Questionnaire Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The performance of multiple imputation in questionnaire data has been studied in various simulation studies. However, in practice, questionnaire data are usually more complex than simulated data. For example, items may be counterindicative or may have unacceptably low factor loadings on every subscale, or completely missing subscales may…

Van Ginkel, Joost R.

2010-01-01

396

78 FR 47749 - Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information requested by the questionnaire is for use by the Commission...of forms: 2013 USITC Survey Regarding Outstanding...Frequency of use: survey, single data gathering...effect at the time of the survey (6) Estimated number...Information obtained from the questionnaire that qualifies as...

2013-08-06

397

Scaling of the revised Oswestry low back pain questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Page SJ, Shawaryn MA, Cernich AN, Linacre JM. Scaling of the revised Oswestry low back pain questionnaire. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1579-84. Objective: To evaluate the measurement properties of the Revised Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (RODQ) by using rating scale analyses. Design: Calibration of item responses by using a data set. Setting: Four outpatient therapy clinics in the northeastern United States.

Stephen J. Page; Marla A. Shawaryn; Alison N. Cernich; John M. Linacre

2002-01-01

398

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2007-01-01

399

European Hands-on Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hands-on Universe is a project born at UC@Berkeley. A project devoted to enrich the teaching of Astronomy within the classroom environment with a different approach, more connected to the new technologies. Its main goals are not only to promote the use of such technologies but also to reawaken on students the taste for STEM (Science, technologies, engineering and math) related issues and also to increase their scientific culture. Eight countries in Europe decided to adopt the method and, funded by MINERVA, formed the European Hands-on Universe. Several resources were produced and a data reduction software developed http://www.euhou.net/.Other European countries are interested and should join this coordinated effort in the near future. At an international level there are 20 countries using this approach. There are plans to develop scientific cooperation among these countries. Pilot scientific research projects in schools are being tested in EU-HOU schools, Russia and USA. There is also a game being developed to be used as a new tool for teaching scientific content in the classroom environment. An effort to develop an international network of scientific / educational collaboration is the next step.

Doran, Rosa; Ferlet, Roger; Gómez de Castro, Ana I.; Hill, Robert; Horellou, Cathy; Mankiewicz, Lech; Melchior, Anne-Laure; Metaxa, Margarita; Zanazzi, Alessandra

2007-08-01

400

Spanish Peaks, Sangre de Cristo Range, Colorado  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Spanish Peaks, on the eastern flank of the Sangre de Cristo range, abruptly rise 7,000 feet above the western Great Plains. Settlers, treasure hunters, trappers, gold and silver miners have long sighted on these prominent landmarks along the Taos branch of the Santa Fe trail. Well before the westward migration, the mountains figured in the legends and history of the Ute, Apache, Comanche, and earlier tribes. 'Las Cumbres Espanolas' are also mentioned in chronicles of exploration by Spaniards including Ulibarri in 1706 and later by de Anza, who eventually founded San Francisco (California). This exceptional view (STS108-720-32), captured by the crew of Space Shuttle mission STS108, portrays the Spanish Peaks in the context of the southern Rocky Mountains. Uplift of the Sangre de Cristo began about 75 million years ago and produced the long north-trending ridges of faulted and folded rock to the west of the paired peaks. After uplift had ceased (26 to 22 million years ago), the large masses of igneous rock (granite, granodiorite, syenodiorite) that form the Peaks were emplaced (Penn, 1995-2001). East and West Spanish Peaks are 'stocks'-bodies of molten rock that intruded sedimentary layers, cooled and solidified, and were later exposed by erosion. East Peak (E), at 12,708 ft is almost circular and is about 5 1/2 miles long by 3 miles wide, while West Peak (W), at 13,623 ft is roughly 2 3/4 miles long by 1 3/4 miles wide. Great dikes-long stone walls-radiate outward from the mountains like spokes of a wheel, a prominent one forms a broad arc northeast of East Spanish Peak. As the molten rock rose, it forced its way into vertical cracks and joints in the sedimentary strata; the less resistant material was then eroded away, leaving walls of hard rock from 1 foot to 100 feet wide, up to 100 feet high, and as long as 14 miles. Dikes trending almost east-west are also common in the region. For more information visit: Sangres.com: The Spanish Peaks (accessed January 16, 2002) Maher, Lewis J., Jr., 2001, Geology by Light Plane (accessed January 16, 2002) Penn, Brian, 1995-2001, Igneous Petrology of the Spanish Peaks (accessed January 16, 2002) Photograph STS-108-720-32 was taken in the December 2001 by the crew of Space Shuttle mission 108 using a Hasselblad camera with 250-mm lens, and is provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA-JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth.

2002-01-01

401

The Impact of a Systematic and Explicit Vocabulary Intervention in Spanish with Spanish-Speaking English Learners in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of a 15-min daily explicit vocabulary intervention in Spanish on expressive and receptive vocabulary knowledge and oral reading fluency in Spanish, and on language proficiency in English. Fifty Spanish-speaking English learners who received 90 min of Spanish reading instruction in an early transition model were…

Cena, Johanna; Baker, Doris Luft; Kame'enui, Edward J.; Baker, Scott K.; Park, Yonghan; Smolkowski, Keith

2013-01-01

402

Presumptive Babesia ovis infection in a spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica).  

PubMed

On December 29 1995, a 13-year old, male Spanish ibex was easily captured by hand, with depression, weakness and severe tick infestation, mainly in the periocular and auricular regions. Blood and serum samples were collected and haematological analysis and serum iron levels were determined. Red blood cell count, haematocrit, haemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were decreased and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) increased (macrocytic-hypochromic anemia). Serum iron and transferrin saturation were decreased and total and unbound iron-binding capacity were increased. Piroplasms were observed within parasitized erythrocytes and presumptively identified as Babesia spp. Ticks were identified exclusively as Ripicephalus bursa. The animal was treated with imidocarb but died after 15 days of capture. Histopathological examination revealed congestion of pulmonary capillaries and spleen, glomerulonephritis, hemoglobinuric nephrosis and generalized hemosiderosis. An indirect fluorescent antibody test was performed using a Babesia ovis isolate of ovine origin as antigen and the animal was positive with a titre of 1:640. PMID:10622613

Marco, I; Velarde, R; Castellà, J; Ferrer, D; Lavín, S

2000-01-01

403

A man with palpable purpuric hand lesions.  

PubMed

A 75-year-old man with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis presented with a three-day history of low-grade fever, new arthralgias, mouth sores, and bilateral cutaneous hand lesions. He had not had hand trauma. PMID:12828355

Matfin, G; Vasta, J S; D'Agostino, A; Adelman, H M

1997-12-15

404

30 CFR 57.7028 - Hand clearance.  

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Drilling and Rotary Jet Piercing Drilling-Underground Only § 57.7028 Hand clearance. Persons shall not rest their hands on the chuck or...

2014-07-01

405

30 CFR 57.7028 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Drilling and Rotary Jet Piercing Drilling-Underground Only § 57.7028 Hand clearance. Persons shall not rest their hands on the chuck or...

2013-07-01

406

30 CFR 57.7028 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Drilling and Rotary Jet Piercing Drilling-Underground Only § 57.7028 Hand clearance. Persons shall not rest their hands on the chuck or...

2012-07-01

407

30 CFR 57.7028 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Drilling and Rotary Jet Piercing Drilling-Underground Only § 57.7028 Hand clearance. Persons shall not rest their hands on the chuck or...

2011-07-01

408

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258?315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. Main outcome measure The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. Results The odds of response were more than doubled when a monetary incentive was used (odds ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.79 to 2.27) and almost doubled when incentives were not conditional on response (1.71; 1.29 to 2.26). Response was more likely when short questionnaires were used (1.86; 1.55 to 2.24). Personalised questionnaires and letters increased response (1.16; 1.06 to 1.28), as did the use of coloured ink (1.39; 1.16 to 1.67). The odds of response were more than doubled when the questionnaires were sent by recorded delivery (2.21; 1.51 to 3.25) and increased when stamped return envelopes were used (1.26; 1.13 to 1.41) and questionnaires were sent by first class post (1.12; 1.02 to 1.23). Contacting participants before sending questionnaires increased response (1.54; 1.24 to 1.92), as did follow up contact (1.44; 1.22 to 1.70) and providing non-respondents with a second copy of the questionnaire (1.41; 1.02 to 1.94). Questionnaires designed to be of more interest to participants were more likely to be returned (2.44; 1.99 to 3.01), but questionnaires containing questions of a sensitive nature were less likely to be returned (0.92; 0.87 to 0.98). Questionnaires originating from universities were more likely to be returned than were questionnaires from other sources, such as commercial organisations (1.31; 1.11 to 1.54). Conclusions Health researchers using postal questionnaires can improve the quality of their research by using the strategies shown to be effective in this systematic review. What is already known on this topicPostal questionnaires are widely used in the collection of data in epidemiological studies and health researchNon-response to postal questionnaires reduces the effective sample size and can introduce biasWhat this study addsThis systematic review includes more randomised controlled trials than any previously published review or meta-analysis no questionnaire responseThe review has identified effective ways to increase response to postal questionnairesThe review will be updated regularly in the Cochrane Library PMID:12016181

Edwards, Phil; Roberts, Ian; Clarke, Mike; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Pratap, Sarah; Wentz, Reinhard; Kwan, Irene

2002-01-01

409

Test-Retest Reliability of the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised and the Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised (PBIQ-R) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised (PBFQ-R). These self-report parenting behavior assessment measures may be utilized as pre- and post-parent education program measures, with parents as well as…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Shamah, Renee

2011-01-01

410

Hand dermatitis among nurses in a newly developing region of Mainland China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although hand dermatitis (HD) is a common occupational problem for nurses worldwide; few, if any, epidemiological studies of this disease have been conducted in Mainland China. Therefore, we administered a previously validated questionnaire to 306 nurses from a large teaching hospital in Shijiazhuang city, Hebei province. A total of 282 replies were received (92.2%). The 12-month period-prevalence of HD across

Derek R Smith; Ning Wei; Li Zhao; Rui-Sheng Wang

2005-01-01

411

Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to characterize food habits of Spanish University students and to assess the quality of their diet and some possible determinant factors according to Mediterranean food pattern among other indices. Two hundred eighty-four enrolled students during the academic year 2012-2013 participated in this survey. For each individual a questionnaire involving anthropometric measurements, types of housing, smoking habits and levels of physical activity were self-reported. Food consumption was gathered by two nonconsecutive 24 hour recalls including one weekend day. BMI within the normal range was showed by 72.5% of students and 75% of the sample reflected a sedentary lifestyle or low physical activity. The percentage of total energy from each macronutrient was approximately 17% proteins, 40% carbohydrates and 40% lipids. The ratio of polyunsaturated to monounsaturated fat only reached 0.32. Cholesterol consumption in men exceeded the intake in women by 70 mg/day but nutritional objectives were exceeded in both genders. The main source of protein had an animal origin from meat (38.1%), followed by cereals (19.4%) and dairy products (15.6%). The assessment of diet quality conducted by Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) revealed a low-intermediate score in both (51.2 ± 12.8 and 4.0 ± 1.5, respectively). The main deviations from Mediterranean pattern were a low intake of vegetables and fruit and a high consumption of meat and dairy products. According to HEI classification, 96.1% of subjects scored "poor" or "needs improvement" about the quality of their diet and only 5.3% of students achieved a high adherence to Mediterranean diet. It is necessary to foster changes toward a healthier diet pattern according to cultural context in this population for preventing cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. PMID:24681406

García-Meseguer, María José; Burriel, Faustino Cervera; García, Cruz Vico; Serrano-Urrea, Ramón

2014-07-01

412

Hand skin reconstruction from skeletal landmarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies related to three-dimensional facial reconstruction have been previously reported. On the other hand, no extensive\\u000a work has been found in the literature about hand reconstruction as an identification method. In this paper, the feasibility\\u000a of virtual reconstruction of hand skin based on (1) its skeleton and (2) another hand skin and skeleton used as template was\\u000a assessed. One

P. Lefèvre; S. Van Sint Jan; J. P. Beauthier; M. Rooze

2007-01-01

413

Sociodemographic and home environment predictors of screen viewing among Spanish school children†  

PubMed Central

Background Higher screen-viewing levels increase the risk of obesity. Understanding the correlates of screen viewing is an important first step in designing interventions but there is lack of information on the correlates among Spanish children. This study examined associations among environmental, sociocultural, age variables and screen viewing among Spanish children. Methods Children completed a questionnaire about time spent in screen viewing. BMI was assessed and children were classified into obesity groups using International Obesity Task Force cut-off points. Parents completed a questionnaire about sociodemographic, environmental and sociocultural variables. Results Participants were 247 primary and 256 secondary school-aged children and their parents. Time spent in screen viewing increased with age. Males spent more time than females in screen viewing. Greater access to bedroom media sources was associated with higher screen viewing. Younger children from single-parent households and older children having a younger parent, siblings and a father who was not working were higher screen-viewers on weekends and weekdays, respectively. For older children parental TV viewing time appeared to be a significant correlate, while parental rules was a determinant predictor for younger children on weekdays. Conclusions Environmental and sociocultural factors influence the time children spend in screen viewing. Parents play a central role in child's screen viewing; therefore, interventions that target environmental and family TV viewing practices are likely to be effective. PMID:21047871

Hoyos Cillero, Itziar; Jago, Russell

2011-01-01

414

A Comparison of the Modified Score for the Assessment of Chronic Rheumatoid Affections of the Hands and the Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index in Hand Osteoarthritis Patients  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To compare the modified score for the assessment and quantification of chronic rheumatoid affections of the hands (M-SACRAH) with the Australian/Canadian osteoarthritis hand index (AUSCAN) in hand osteoarthritis (HOA). Both are self-administered patient questionnaires, being designed to assess functional status, stiffness, and pain in affected patients, despite some differences in format, compass and arrangement of questions. Methods. 66 HOA patients (51 females), attending the outpatient clinic, were included. Patients completed the AUSCAN (15 visual analogue scales) (VAS) and the M-SACRAH (12 VAS). Results. AUSCAN-pain amounted to a mean of 41.9 (±2.9 SEM), AUSCAN-stiffness to 53.1 (3.7) and AUSCAN function to 42.6 (3.2). M-SACRAH-function amounted to 25.4 (2.4), M-SACRAH-stiffness to 42.6 (3.0), and M-SACRAH-pain to 43.7 (3.1). The total mean M-SACRAH was 37.2 (2.4) (all P's < .0001). The three respective domains of the two scores correlated significantly: pain: r = 0.73, stiffness: r = 0.75, and function: r = 0.76 (all P's < .0001). The four identical items in both scores also correlated significantly. No significant gender specific differences were observed. Conclusion. Despite a different scope of items, a significant high correlation of these two scores evaluating HOA patients could be demonstrated. We conclude that both scores are equivalently valuable for the assessment of health status in these patients. PMID:20107563

Sautner, Judith; Andel, Ingrid; Rintelen, Bernhard; Leeb, Burkhard F.

2009-01-01

415

Hand-Controlled Brazing-Paste Dispenser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hand control proven superior to foot control. Hand-operated switch added to hand-held brazing-alloy-paste dispenser yields improved, more consistent brazing-alloy beads. Dispenser used to apply paste between adjacent tubes in heat exchanger. Switch reliable and safe, and removed and reattached easily.

Gilbert, Jeffrey L.

1994-01-01

416

38 CFR 4.69 - Dominant hand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Dominant hand. 4.69 Section 4.69 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.69 Dominant hand. Handedness for the purpose of a...by testing on VA examination. Only one hand shall be considered dominant. The...

2013-07-01

417

30 CFR 56.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hand clearance. 56.7018 Section 56...Jet Piercing Drilling § 56.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2011-07-01

418

30 CFR 56.7018 - Hand clearance.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hand clearance. 56.7018 Section 56...Jet Piercing Drilling § 56.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2014-07-01

419

29 CFR 1915.133 - Hand tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand tools. 1915.133 Section 1915.133...and Related Equipment § 1915.133 Hand tools. The provisions of this section...shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. (b) Wrenches,...

2010-07-01

420

30 CFR 57.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hand clearance. 57.7018 Section 57...Drilling-Surface Only § 57.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2011-07-01

421

29 CFR 1915.133 - Hand tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hand tools. 1915.133 Section 1915.133...and Related Equipment § 1915.133 Hand tools. The provisions of this section...shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. (b) Wrenches,...

2013-07-01

422

29 CFR 1915.133 - Hand tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hand tools. 1915.133 Section 1915.133...and Related Equipment § 1915.133 Hand tools. The provisions of this section...shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. (b) Wrenches,...

2011-07-01

423

30 CFR 57.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand clearance. 57.7018 Section 57...Drilling-Surface Only § 57.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2010-07-01

424

38 CFR 4.69 - Dominant hand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dominant hand. 4.69 Section 4.69 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.69 Dominant hand. Handedness for the purpose of a...by testing on VA examination. Only one hand shall be considered dominant. The...

2010-07-01

425

30 CFR 57.7018 - Hand clearance.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hand clearance. 57.7018 Section 57...Drilling-Surface Only § 57.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2014-07-01

426

Response Preparation with Static versus Moving Hands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research tested the response inhibition account of the hand-advantage found in the finger precuing task. According to this account, the advantage of preparing two fingers on one hand (represented in one hemisphere) as opposed to preparing two fingers on two hands (represented in two hemispheres) is due, in part, to a response inhibition…

Adam, Jos J.; Moresi, Sofie

2007-01-01

427

30 CFR 57.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hand clearance. 57.7018 Section 57...Drilling-Surface Only § 57.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2013-07-01

428

38 CFR 4.69 - Dominant hand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Dominant hand. 4.69 Section 4.69 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.69 Dominant hand. Handedness for the purpose of a...by testing on VA examination. Only one hand shall be considered dominant. The...

2011-07-01

429

38 CFR 4.69 - Dominant hand.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Dominant hand. 4.69 Section 4.69 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.69 Dominant hand. Handedness for the purpose of a...by testing on VA examination. Only one hand shall be considered dominant. The...

2012-07-01

430

30 CFR 56.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hand clearance. 56.7018 Section 56...Jet Piercing Drilling § 56.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2013-07-01

431

30 CFR 56.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand clearance. 56.7018 Section 56...Jet Piercing Drilling § 56.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2010-07-01

432

38 CFR 4.69 - Dominant hand.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Dominant hand. 4.69 Section 4.69 Pensions...Musculoskeletal System § 4.69 Dominant hand. Handedness for the purpose of a...by testing on VA examination. Only one hand shall be considered dominant. The...

2014-07-01

433

29 CFR 1915.133 - Hand tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hand tools. 1915.133 Section 1915.133...and Related Equipment § 1915.133 Hand tools. The provisions of this section...shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. (b) Wrenches,...

2012-07-01

434

THE PREHENSILE MOVEMENTS OF THE HUMAN HAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

The function of the human hand in terms of the discrete movement of the joints and the action of individual muscles is well enough understood. Little is known, however, of the movements of the hand as a whole. It is possible to talk loosely of closing, opening or cupping the hand ; of selected postures such as the pinch or

J. R. NAPIER

435

29 CFR 1915.133 - Hand tools.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hand tools. 1915.133 Section 1915.133...and Related Equipment § 1915.133 Hand tools. The provisions of this section...shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. (b) Wrenches,...

2014-07-01

436

30 CFR 56.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hand clearance. 56.7018 Section 56...Jet Piercing Drilling § 56.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2012-07-01

437

30 CFR 57.7018 - Hand clearance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hand clearance. 57.7018 Section 57...Drilling-Surface Only § 57.7018 Hand clearance. Persons shall not hold the...steel while collaring holes, or rest their hands on the chuck or centralizer while...

2012-07-01

438

HAND SANITIZER GUIDELINE Printed: September 30, 2009  

E-print Network

HAND SANITIZER GUIDELINE Printed: September 30, 2009 Revised: September 30, 2009 UM Emergency Management Program File No.: 1.4.2.2.2009.0424.16.3 Page 1 of 2 BACKGROUND Would you like a hand sanitizer ­ Caretaking Services has committed to purchasing, installing, and stocking hand sanitizer, wall mounted

Major, Arkady

439

Tendon injuries of the hand  

PubMed Central

Tendon injuries are the second most common injuries of the hand and therefore an important topic in trauma and orthopedic patients. Most injuries are open injuries to the flexor or extensor tendons, but less frequent injuries, e.g., damage to the functional system tendon sheath and pulley or dull avulsions, also need to be considered. After clinical examination, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging have proved to be important diagnostic tools. Tendon injuries mostly require surgical repair, dull avulsions of the distal phalanges extensor tendon can receive conservative therapy. Injuries of the flexor tendon sheath or single pulley injuries are treated conservatively and multiple pulley injuries receive surgical repair. In the postoperative course of flexor tendon injuries, the principle of early passive movement is important to trigger an “intrinsic” tendon healing to guarantee a good outcome. Many substances were evaluated to see if they improved tendon healing; however, little evidence was found. Nevertheless, hyaluronic acid may improve intrinsic tendon healing. PMID:22720265

Schöffl, Volker; Heid, Andreas; Küpper, Thomas

2012-01-01

440

Hand-actuated engine starter  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a hand-actuated starter for an internal combustion engine wherein a first clutch member is journalled on a first shaft and a second clutch member is mounted on an engine shaft. The first clutch member has a pulley and is axially displaceable with respect to the second clutch member in response to rotation of the pulley, the first shaft and first clutch member having first and second mutually engaging bearing surfaces respectively. The improvement described here is wherein one of the surfaces has threads and the other of the surfaces has a helical groove and a helical spring in the groove positioned to engage the threads. The spring is radially displaceable in the groove.

Lindstrom, F.B.

1987-01-27

441

Stewardship of the Spanish national health system.  

PubMed

Along with resource generation, financing, and health service delivery, stewardship is a key health system function. However, very little empirical analysis has been carried out on it. This paper aims to fill this gap in the literature by assessing the Ministry of Health's (MoHs) role as a steward of the Spanish National Health System (NHS) after the 2001 decentralization reform of health care management to the Autonomous Communities. We use the following stewardship framework with six sub-functions for the analysis, looking at the MoH's ability to: (1) formulate strategic policy framework; 2) ensure a fit between policy objectives and organizational structure and culture; (3) ensure tools for implementation; (4) build coalitions and partnerships; (5) generate intelligence, and (6) ensure accountability. We describe the stewardship function, identify existing challenges and issues in the Spanish case, and reflect upon methodological aspects of this exercise. We use reports, documents, articles, and official statistics to complete the analysis. Overall, we find the MoH to give an average performance in its role as the steward of the health system. The MoH has progressed particularly well in generating intelligence as well as formulating a strategic policy framework over recent years. However, it lacks the appropriate authority to efficiently coordinate the health system and to ensure that the Autonomous Communities implement policies that are in-line with overall NHS objectives. PMID:21069771

Bankauskaite, Vaida; Novinskey, Christina M

2010-01-01

442

Validation of two food frequency questionnaires for dietary calcium assessment  

PubMed Central

Easily utilized questionnaires estimating dietary calcium intake would be a valuable asset to promoting skeletal health and a helpful research tool. Two calcium questionnaires, one online and one printed, were each compared to dietary calcium intake measured by a three-day diet record. Women completed the questionnaires in a randomized order and kept a 3-day food record at home, returning it by mail. The ethnicity of the 140 study participants was 102 Caucasian, 12 African American, 16 Asian, and 10 Latin women. The average age was 49 ± 15 years (mean ± SD) with a range of 22.7 to 89.9 years. Measures utilized included an online calcium quiz, a printed calcium food frequency questionnaire and one three-day diet record. Data analysis was conducted using Pearson correlation coefficients. Sub-analyses were conducted by ethnicity. The correlation between each questionnaire and the daily calcium intake from the diet records was 0.37, p<0.001. Among the ethnic subgroups, the correlations were highest for African American women, followed by Caucasian women. There was also a trend toward higher correlations in younger women. These simple calcium assessment tools, taking less than five minutes to complete, have correlation values with diet records similar to more complex food frequency questionnaires reported in the literature. These questionnaires may provide valuable tools to estimate calcium intake in research, clinical and community settings. PMID:19559142

Robertson, Trina P.; Sellmeyer, Deborah E.

2009-01-01

443

Hand preference patterns in expert basketball players: Interrelations between basketball-specific and everyday life behavior.  

PubMed

In the present study we examined the interrelation of everyday life handedness and hand preference in basketball, as an area of expertise that requires individuals being proficient with both their non-dominant and dominant hand. A secondary aim was to elucidate the link between basketball-specific practice, hand preference in basketball and everyday life handedness. Therefore, 176 expert basketball players self-reported their hand preference for activities of daily living and for basketball-specific behavior as well as details about their basketball-specific history via questionnaire. We found that compared to the general population the one-hand bias was significantly reduced for both everyday life and basketball-specific hand preference (i.e., a higher prevalence of mixed-handed individuals), and that both concepts were significantly related. Moreover, only preference scores for lay-up and dribbling skills were significantly related to measures of basketball-specific practice. Consequently, training-induced modulations of lateral preference seem to be very specific to only a few basketball-specific skills, and do not generalize to other skills within the domain of basketball nor do they extend into everyday life handedness. The results are discussed in terms of their relevance regarding theories of handedness and their practical implications for the sport of basketball. PMID:25310027

Stöckel, Tino; Vater, Christian

2014-12-01

444

Chronic hand eczema: perception and knowledge in non-affected individuals from general and dermatological practice.  

PubMed

Misunderstanding and stigmatisation are common problems encountered by patients with hand eczema. Various misconceptions about the disease circulate in the general population. Although hand eczema has gained more attention in dermatology during the past years, information on public perception of the disease is still lacking. The aim of our study was to investigate perception of and level of knowledge on the subject hand eczema. There were 624 patients included from 2 general medicine practices and 2 dermatological practices. A self-administered questionnaire was filled out by the participants, covering issues on history of hand eczema, level of knowledge and attitude towards a clinical photograph of hand eczema. We found that a larger proportion of individuals from dermatological practice were more familiar with hand eczema as a disease than those from general medical practice. Women knew significantly more about and had a more positive perception of the disease than men. Our results imply that the level of knowledge on hand eczema in the general public is rather low and influenced by prejudice. PMID:24531444

Letulé, Valerie; Herzinger, Thomas; Schirner, Astrid; Hertrich, Frank; Lange, Dirk; Ruzicka, Thomas; Molin, Sonja

2014-11-01

445

The effect of hand splints on stereotypic hand behavior in Rett's syndrome.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hand splints and one elbow restraint on persistent stereotypic hand movements of four girls with Rett's syndrome. Among the most characteristic features of Rett's syndrome are stereotypic hand wringing and loss of previously acquired functional hand skills. Hand splints and one elbow restraint were used in this study. The subject's stereotypic hand behavior and functional hand use were calculated from five-minute segmental video tape recordings. The study consisted of three phases: baseline, intervention, and withdrawal. All subjects demonstrated a decrease in stereotypic hand behavior after the application of hand splints. Although splints showed a positive effect on hand movements in Rett's syndrome, they could also lead to other, undesirable, movements. Whether splints have a positive effect on the functional use of the hand should be investigated in more subjects. PMID:11858375

Bumin, Gonca; Uyanik, Mine; Kayihan, Hülya; Düger, Tülin; Topçu, Meral

2002-01-01

446

Self-reported cold sensitivity in patients with traumatic hand injuries or hand-arm vibration syndrome - an eight year follow up  

PubMed Central

Background Cold sensitivity is a common complaint following hand injuries. Our aim was to investigate long-term self-reported cold sensitivity, and its predictors and the importance of sense of coherence (SOC), 8 years after a hand injury as well as in patients treated for Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) during the same time period. Methods Responses to the Cold Intolerance Symptom Severity (CISS) questionnaire and the Sense of Coherence (SOC) questionnaire were investigated in hand injured patients (n?=?64) and in patients with HAVS (n?=?26). The Mann–Whitney U-Test was used to identify significant differences between subgroups. When analysing predictors for cold sensitivity severity, the Spearman rank correlation (rS coefficient) were used for quantitative predictive variables, Mann–Whitney U-Test for dichotomous variables and Kruskal-Wallis Test for multiple categorical data. The Wilcoxon´s signed rank test was used to investigate longitudinal changes in outcome. Results There was a significant change in total CISS score for patients with traumatic hand injury, indicating fewer problems with cold sensitivity over time. Symptoms, such as stiffness, weakness and skin colour change on cold exposure, caused fewer problems, but perceived pain/aching and numbness remained unchanged as well as time needed for relief of symptoms on return to a warm environment. The negative impact of cold sensitivity on daily activities and at work was reduced, but problems when engaged in hobbies or when being exposed to cold wintry weather remained unchanged. None of the investigated predictors related to the hand injury were significantly associated with a change in cold sensitivity at the 8-year follow up. In contrast, no significant change in cold sensitivity was noted in the patients with HAVS for any of the situations included in the CISS questionnaire. A lower sense of coherence score correlated significantly with worse cold sensitivity (CISS score) in both patient groups. Conclusions The negative impact of cold sensitivity on daily life was reduced for patients with traumatic hand injury, but did not change over time in patients with HAVS. A low SOC is associated with worse cold sensitivity in such groups of patients. Information about relieving strategies should be provided for patients with cold sensitivity. PMID:24629077

2014-01-01

447

Toucan hand feeding and nestling growth.  

PubMed

A retrospective analysis of hand-feeding records and growth data from 3 facilities was performed to determine the growth pattern for 8 toucan species raised in captivity. General philosophies of breeding and rearing were similar but approaches to hand-feeding varied. General hand-feeding and chick management records from hatch to fledging were reviewed for 2 of the 3 facilities. Effective hand-feeding formulas were commercially available and minimally modified. Growth curves were developed. Curves approximated typical expected patterns of nestling growth with no loss of weight at fledging. This study provides a basis for hand-feeding protocols and growth curves to assess development. PMID:22640535

St Leger, Judy; Vince, Martin; Jennings, Jerry; McKerney, Erin; Nilson, Erika

2012-05-01

448

Unilateral Cleft Hand with Cleft Foot  

PubMed Central

Congenital anomalies of the hand form an important class of congenital malformations. They have a huge functional importance because of the part played by the hand in the daily activities of a person. The deformities also have significant cosmetic significance and may also be associated with other anomalies. Amongst the congenital anomalies, central deficiency or cleft hand is relatively rare. The association of cleft foot with cleft hand is an even more rare occurance. We present a case report of a 6 year old child, born of a non-consanginous marriage, having congenital central deficiency of ipsilateral hand and foot. PMID:21475543

Baba, Asif Nazir; Bhat, Yasmeen J.; Ahmed, Sheikh Mushtaq; Nazir, Abid

2009-01-01

449

Self management, joint protection and exercises in hand osteoarthritis: a randomised controlled trial with cost effectiveness analyses  

PubMed Central

Background There is limited evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of occupational therapy (OT) approaches in the management of hand osteoarthritis (OA). Joint protection and hand exercises have been proposed by European guidelines, however the clinical and cost effectiveness of each intervention is unknown. This multicentre two-by-two factorial randomised controlled trial aims to address the following questions: • Is joint protection delivered by an OT more effective in reducing hand pain and disability than no joint protection in people with hand OA in primary care? • Are hand exercises delivered by an OT more effective in reducing hand pain and disability than no hand exercises in people with hand OA in primary care? • Which of the four management approaches explored within the study (leaflet and advice, joint protection, hand exercise, or joint protection and hand exercise combined) provides the most cost-effective use of health care resources Methods/Design Participants aged 50 years and over registered at three general practices in North Staffordshire and Cheshire will be mailed a health survey questionnaire (estimated mailing sample n = 9,500). Those fulfilling the eligibility criteria on the health survey questionnaire will be invited to attend a clinical assessment to assess for the presence of hand or thumb base OA using the ACR criteria. Eligible participants will be randomised to one of four groups: leaflet and advice; joint protection (looking after your joints); hand exercises; or joint protection and hand exercises combined (estimated n = 252). The primary outcome measure will be the OARSI/OMERACT responder criteria combining hand pain and disability (measured using the AUSCAN) and global improvement, 6 months post-randomisation. Secondary outcomes will also be collected for example pain, functional limitation and quality of life. Outcomes will be collected at baseline and 3, 6 and 12 months post-randomisation. The main analysis will be on an intention to treat basis and will assess the clinical and cost effectiveness of joint protection and hand exercises for managing hand OA. Discussion The findings will improve the cost-effective evidence based management of hand OA. Trial registration identifier: ISRCTN33870549 PMID:21745357

2011-01-01

450

Salamanca Pulsed Laser Center: the Spanish petawatt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A few Petawatt lasers are operative now in the world and a few more are under construction in several places. One of them is under construction at Salamanca, Spain, in the framework of a Consortium between the Central Government of Spain, the regional Government of Castilla y Leon and the University of Salamanca. The Spanish PW will reach that extreme power with 30 Joule / 30 femtosecond pulses, using Ti:Sapphire CPA technology and delivering one shot per second. The Salamanca laser will allow synchronized pump/probe experiments with a unique 200 TW probe sharing the same front end. The laser is now under construction and full operation is expected in less than two years. That laser will be a user facility opened to the national and the international scientific community. To understand the meaning of such a system, a review of the technology and its extreme applications in the foreseen range of powers and intensities is presented.

Roso, Luis

2011-05-01

451

Reading Like a Historian: Spanish American War  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources in an effort to answer the central historical question: Why did the U.S invade Cuba? The teacher streams a short film (link included) while students take notes as to possible reasons for the invasion. Students then read the following: 1) song lyrics of an anti-Spanish propaganda a song written after the Maine sinking, 2) a telegram sent by Fitzhugh Lee, U.S. Consul-General in Cuba, and 3) a Senate campaign speech from Albert Beveridge. For each, students complete a graphic organizer and guiding questions. A final class discussion goes back to the original class hypotheses and determines which ones are most supported by the evidence.

Group, Stanford H.

2012-10-20

452

Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food.  

PubMed

Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5-20%, 10-60% and 10-70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended. PMID:25442549

Mir-Marqués, Alba; González-Masó, Anna; Cervera, M Luisa; de la Guardia, Miguel

2015-04-01

453

A website for astronomical news in Spanish  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Noticias del Cosmos is a collection of web pages within the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Valencia's website where we publish short daily summaries of astronomical press releases. Most, if not all of, the releases are originally written in English, and often Spanish readers may find them difficult to understand because not many people are familiar with the scientific language employed in these releases. Noticias del Cosmos has two principal aims. First, we want to communicate the latest astronomical news on a daily basis to a wide Spanish-speaking public who would otherwise not be able to read them because of the language barrier. Second, daily news can be used as a tool to introduce the astronomical topics of the school curriculum in a more immediate and relevant way. Most of the students at school have not yet reached a good enough level in their knowledge of English to fully understand a press release, and Noticias del Cosmos offers them and their teachers this news in their mother tongue. During the regular programme of school visits at the Observatory we use the news as a means of showing that there is still a lot to be discovered. So far the visits to the website have been growing steadily. Between June 2003 and June 2007 we had more than 30,000 visits (excluding 2006). More than 50% of the visits come from Spain, followed by visitors from South and Central America. The feedback we have received from teachers so far has been very positive, showing the usefulness of news items in the classroom when teaching astronomy.

Ortiz-Gil, A.

2008-06-01

454

The Language Relationship Questionnaire (LRQ): Implications for Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psycholinguistics, discourse patterns, and English as a second language were addressed in creating a theoretical framework for examining language in relationships. The Language Relationship Questionnaire was designed to provide an inventory language and its roles in relationships. (Contains 1 figure.)

Eckstein, Daniel; Juarez-Torres, Rachel; Perez-Gabriel, Ana Maria

2006-01-01

455

Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ)  

E-print Network

Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ) Professional ( ) ( ) Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager ( ) ( ) Christine Bauer, Assistant Director ( ) ( ) Janet AtkinsonCampus Center, Extended Studies, Position Title: Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager Employee Name: TBD

Barrash, Warren

456

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________  

E-print Network

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________ Are you aware of having an allergy to latex? YES NO If yes, please, Wheezing or Allergy like symptoms: Apples / Apricot / Avacado / Bananas / Carrots / Celery / Cherries

Leistikow, Bruce N.

457

Teacher Stress Questionnaire: validity and reliability study in Italy.  

PubMed

This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire elaborated in England by Travers and Cooper in 1996. This Italian survey was completed by 863 teachers randomly drawn from a cross-section of Italian school levels. The construct validity of the questionnaire was verified by factor analysis and by measuring the internal consistency of the single scales. All dimensions measured by the Teacher Stress Questionnaire were compared for sample subgroups of all teacher levels. Several meaningful and reliable factors emerged from the factor analysis of the scales. The internal consistency of each scale (Cronbach's alpha) revealed satisfactory values. Teachers' age and school level were determining factors for all dimensions of stress explored. The Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire showed satisfactory psychometric properties and constitutes a useful and reliable measure to analyse stress in Italian schools. PMID:24597443

Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Pes, Daniela; Capasso, Roberto

2013-10-01

458

PARTI: JOB DESCRIPTION Weighted Job Questionnaire (WJQ) Custom  

E-print Network

computers using Event Business Management System (EBMS). · Produces and sends contracts and event plansPARTI: JOB DESCRIPTION Weighted Job Questionnaire (WJQ) Custom Meeting, Event and Conference Services Current Position Classification: Department's Position Title: Event Planning Assistant Evaluating

459

16 CFR 23.3 - Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PEWTER INDUSTRIES § 23.3 Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc. (a) It is unfair or deceptive...directly or by implication, that any industry product is hand-made or hand-wrought unless the entire...

2010-01-01

460

Inspections of Hand Washing Supplies and Hand Sanitizer in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hand washing and hand antisepsis are proven infection control measures in the school setting, yet barriers such as lack of soap, paper towels, and hand sanitizer can hinder compliance. This pilot study measured the prevalence of hand cleaning supplies in public schools. Ten school districts (93 schools) participated in school nurse inspections. In…

Ramos, Mary M.; Blea, Mary; Trujillo, Rebecca; Greenberg, Cynthia

2010-01-01

461

16 CFR 23.3 - Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PEWTER INDUSTRIES § 23.3 Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc. (a) It is unfair or deceptive...directly or by implication, that any industry product is hand-made or hand-wrought unless the entire...

2011-01-01

462

16 CFR 23.3 - Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PEWTER INDUSTRIES § 23.3 Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc. (a) It is unfair or deceptive...directly or by implication, that any industry product is hand-made or hand-wrought unless the entire...

2012-01-01

463

Inexpensive and Time-Efficient Hand Hygiene Interventions Increase Elementary School Children's Hand Hygiene Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Routine hand hygiene has been cited by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a cost-effective and important hygiene measure in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Several studies have explored children's hand hygiene habits, effects of scheduled hand hygiene, hand hygiene environmental…

Snow, Michelle; White, George L.; Kim, Han S.

2008-01-01

464

16 CFR 23.3 - Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PEWTER INDUSTRIES § 23.3 Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc. (a) It is unfair or deceptive...directly or by implication, that any industry product is hand-made or hand-wrought unless the entire...

2013-01-01

465

16 CFR 23.3 - Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc.  

...PEWTER INDUSTRIES § 23.3 Misuse of the terms “hand-made,” “hand-polished,” etc. (a) It is unfair or deceptive...directly or by implication, that any industry product is hand-made or hand-wrought unless the entire...

2014-01-01

466

Verbal Prompting, Hand-over-Hand Instruction, and Passive Observation in Teaching Children with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study involving six children (ages 5-13) with mental retardation found that overall passive modeling was significantly more effective than hand-over-hand modeling in teaching skills, and that passive modeling was significantly more effective than hand-over-hand modeling with response-contingent verbal prompting. (Author/CR)

Biederman, G. B.; Fairhall, J. L.; Raven, K. A.; Davey, V. A.

1998-01-01

467

Dexterous anthropomorphic robot hand with distributed tactile sensor: Gifu hand II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents an anthropomorphic robot hand called Gifu hand II that is a revised version of the Gifu hand I. The Gifu hand II has five fingers in which all joints are driven by servomotors built in the fingers and the palm. The thumb has 4 joints with 4 degrees of freedom (DOF), the other fingers have 4 joints with 3

Haruhisa Kawasaki; Tsuneo Komatsu; Kazunao Uchiyama; Takashi Kurimoto

1999-01-01

468

The Hand Eczema Trial (HET): design of a randomised clinical trial of the effect of classification and individual counselling versus no intervention among health-care workers with hand eczema  

PubMed Central

Background Hand eczema is the most frequently recognized occupational disease in Denmark with an incidence of approximately 0.32 per 1000 person-years. Consequences of hand eczema include chronic severe eczema, prolonged sick leave, unemployment, and impaired quality of life. New preventive strategies are needed to reduce occupational hand eczema. Methods/Design We describe the design of a randomised clinical trial to investigate the effects of classification of hand eczema plus individual counselling versus no intervention. The trial includes health-care workers with hand eczema identified from a self-administered questionnaire delivered to 3181 health-care workers in three Danish hospitals. The questionnaire identifies the prevalence of hand eczema, knowledge of skin-protection, and exposures that can lead to hand eczema. At entry, all participants are assessed regarding: disease severity (Hand Eczema Severity Index); self-evaluated disease severity; number of eruptions; quality of life; skin protective behaviour, and knowledge of skin protection. The patients are centrally randomised to intervention versus no intervention 1:1 stratified for hospital, profession, and severity score. The experimental group undergoes patch and prick testing; classification of the hand eczema; demonstration of hand washing and appliance of emollients; individual counselling, and a skin-care programme. The control group receives no intervention. All participants are reassessed after six months. The primary outcome is observer-blinded assessment of disease severity and the secondary outcomes are unblinded assessments of disease severity; number of eruptions; knowledge of skin protection; skin-protective behaviour, and quality of life. Trial registration The trial is registered in ClinicalTrials.Gov, NCT01012453. PMID:20807407

2010-01-01

469

Spanish Language Materials for the Spanish Speaker: An Overview of the State of the Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of Spanish language instruction for bilingual Chicanos has been an area of pedagogical neglect within most college and university language departments. In the past, teachers wishing to implement a significant modification in their approach and methodology found the task virtually impossible because of a scarcity of commercially prepared…

Clarkson, William M.

470

SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Spanish SL Strand, Unit 4, Grade Two, Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unit four of the Spanish as a Second Language Strand for grade two offers learning and assessment activities designed to provide the English-dominant child with structures and vocabulary for effective communication in a bilingual environment. The neighborhood is the basic theme for activities in kits 13-16 to help build concepts in a new language…

Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

471

Cuentos y fabulas (Stories and Fables), Spanish-S: 7509.13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course offers students the opportunity to read and listen to 19th and 20th century Spanish short stories as well as moral, literary, and satirical fables of different epochs. (Several of the fables are included.) The student is thus exposed to new vocabulary and to the literary form of the short story. The authors represented here belong to…

Suarez, Maria S.

472

Spoken Verb Processing in Spanish 1 Short Title: SPOKEN VERB PROCESSING IN SPANISH  

E-print Network

of a verb and production of its pronoun. Higher frequency verbs facilitated faster verb repetition while., 2001; Mackay et al., 2002; Morrison et al., 2003; Marini et al., 2005; Persson et al., 2004), aphasia or plural). Unlike English verbs, which undergo little inflection, many Romance languages such as Spanish

473

I [image omitted] Spanish: K-8 Attitudes toward Learning Spanish with Computers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates children's attitudes and technology use for learning Spanish, and examines the type of technology-enhanced learning activities they enjoy. A survey with two versions was developed to gather attitudes and opinions of 2,220 children in grades K-2 and 3-8 in eight small rural school districts in the Midwest of the United…

Garcia-Villada, Eduardo

2011-01-01

474

Student Proficiency in Spanish Taught by Native and Nonnative Spanish Instructors: A Quantitative Correlational Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign language educators as well as educators from other disciplines agree that learning any foreign language improves student language skills and stimulates creative thinking and flexibility to use the language. The purpose of the current quantitative, correlational study was to examine the relationship between student proficiency in Spanish

Kopczynski, Karolina

2010-01-01

475

Comparison of questionnaire information and pharmacy data on drug use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on chronic drug use at any time in the past was collected with a self-administered questionnaire as part of a prospective cohort study on diet, other life-style factors and cancer among subjects aged 55–69 years. The validity of the questionnaire information on drug use was evaluated among 207 subjects by comparing it to pharmacy records of dispensed drugs. The

Piet A. Van den Brandt; Hans Petri; Elisabeth Dorant; R. Alexandra Goldbohm; Sacha Van de Crommert

1991-01-01

476

Development of the PTSD-alcohol expectancy questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol effect expectancies have important implications in our understanding drinking behavior and motivations for drinking. Several instruments have been developed to asses alcohol expectancies among various populations. Although co-occurrence of PTSD among those with alcohol use disorders is extremely common, there is no measure of PTSD-related alcohol expectancies. The Post-traumatic stress disorder-Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (P-AEQ) is a 27-item, self-report questionnaire

Sonya B. Norman; Robyn K. Inaba; Tom L. Smith; Sandra A. Brown

2008-01-01

477

Construction of freezing of gait questionnaire for patients with Parkinsonism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common, poorly understood, parkinsonian symptom interfering with daily functioning and quality of life. Assessment of FOG is complex because of the episodic nature of this symptom, and the influence of mental and environmental factors on it.Objective: To design a self-reportable reliable questionnaire for FOG.Method: A questionnaire consisting of 16 items regarding gait and

N. Giladi; H. Shabtai; E. S. Simon; S. Biran; J. Tal; A. D. Korczyn

2000-01-01

478

1. FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, WEST ELEVATION OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, WEST ELEVATION OF TWO STORY WING TO EAST OF PRINCIPAL COURTYARD. - El Arsenal, Former Headquarters of the Spanish Navy, Calle Arsenal, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

479

6. INTERIOR, FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, LARGE ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. INTERIOR, FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, LARGE ROOM WING TO WEST OF ENTRANCE PORTICO SHOWING BEAMED CEILING CONSTRUCTION. - El Arsenal, Former Headquarters of the Spanish Navy, Calle Arsenal, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

480

7. INTERIOR, FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, DETAIL OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. INTERIOR, FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, DETAIL OF THE UNDERSIDE OF BEAM AND BATTEN CEILING, WING TO WEST OF ENTRANCE PORTICO. - El Arsenal, Former Headquarters of the Spanish Navy, Calle Arsenal, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

481

2. FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, BRICK WALL CONSTRUCTION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. FORMER QUARTERS OF THE SPANISH NAVY, BRICK WALL CONSTRUCTION DETAIL SHOWING ARCHES OF SOUTH WALL OF WEST WING OF ENTRANCE PORTICO. - El Arsenal, Former Headquarters of the Spanish Navy, Calle Arsenal, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

482

Psychology, Social Sciences recommended Spanish and Speech Communication recommended  

E-print Network

Arkansas Psychology, Social Sciences recommended Spanish and Speech Communication recommended languages, and course work in behavioral sciences UC Irvine Psychology, Spanish are recommended UCLA Courses of Connecticut Social sciences, psychology recommended Florida Florida International Unversity Social Sciences

Hone, James

483

Noteworthy Books in Spanish for Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists books recently published in Spanish or translated into Spanish for children and adolescents. The 23 titles annotated include picture books, renditions of the classics for young people, science books, novels, and romances. (SLD)

Schon, Isabel

1997-01-01

484

16 CFR 455.5 - Spanish language sales.  

...language. You may display on a vehicle both an English language window form and a Spanish language translation of that form. Use the following translation and layout for Spanish language sales: 4 4 Use the following language for the...

2014-01-01

485

16 CFR 455.5 - Spanish language sales.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...language. You may display on a vehicle both an English language window form and a Spanish language translation of that form. Use the following translation and layout for Spanish language sales: 4 4 Use the following language for the...

2012-01-01

486

16 CFR 455.5 - Spanish language sales.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...language. You may display on a vehicle both an English language window form and a Spanish language translation of that form. Use the following translation and layout for Spanish language sales: 4 4 Use the following language for the...

2011-01-01

487

16 CFR 455.5 - Spanish language sales.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...language. You may display on a vehicle both an English language window form and a Spanish language translation of that form. Use the following translation and layout for Spanish language sales: 4 4 Use the following language for the...

2010-01-01

488

Further international adaptation and validation of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life (RAQoL) questionnaire.  

PubMed

The Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life (RAQoL) questionnaire was developed directly from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands to measure quality of life (QoL). Since then, it has become widely used in clinical studies and trials and has been adapted for use in 24 languages. The objective was to develop and validate 11 additional language versions of the RAQoL in US English, Mexican Spanish, Argentinean Spanish, Belgian French, Belgian Flemish, French, Romanian, Czech, Slovakian, Polish and Russian. The language adaptation and validation required three stages: translation, cognitive debriefing interviews and validation survey. The translation process involved a dual-panel methodology (bilingual panel followed by a lay panel). The validation survey tested the psychometric properties of the new scales and included either the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) or the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) as comparators. Internal consistency of the new language versions ranged from 0.90 to 0.97 and test-retest reliability from 0.85 to 0.99. RAQoL scores correlated as expected with the HAQ. Correlations with NHP sections were as expected: highest with energy level, pain and physical mobility and lowest with emotional reactions, sleep disturbance, and social isolation. The adaptations exhibited construct validity in their ability to distinguish subgroups of RA patients varying by perceived disease severity and general health. The new language versions of the RAQoL meet the high psychometric standards of the original UK English version. The new adaptations represent valid and reliable tools for measuring QoL in international clinical trials involving RA patients. PMID:25270915

Wilburn, Jeanette; McKenna, Stephen P; Twiss, James; Rouse, Matthew; Korkosz, Mariusz; Jancovic, Roman; Nemec, Petr; Pacheco-Tena, César Francisco; Saraux, Alain; Westhovens, Rene; Durez, Patrick; Martin, Mona; Tammaru, Marika

2014-10-01

489

Validity and reliability of activities coaching context questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: Learning in a clinical environment is an inseparable part of a training program in medical education. To evaluate the quality of training in a clinical environment, a comprehensive questionnaire which is adjusted for local purposes is essential. This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Activities Coaching Context (ACC)-questionnaire from the perspective of residents and students in a clinical learning environment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 65 residents and students of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. The Content Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the judgment of a panel of ten experts in medical education. The construct validity of the questionnaire was determined by factor analysis. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS16. Results: The ratio and index of content validity calculated by experts’ view were quite acceptable (0.31 and 0.7, respectively). Construct validity was examined by factor analysis which confirmed seven first order factors. Cronbach’s Alfa coefficient revealed a high degree of internal consistency (0.932). The reliability of the questionnaire was measured by test - retest (0.9). Conclusions: The ACC questionnaire appeared to be a valid, reliable and also appropriate tool to evaluate the educational quality of a clinical learning environment. PMID:25405107

Koohpayehzadeh, Jalil; Haji Ahmadi, Maryam; Dehnad, Afsaneh; Soltani Arabshahi, Seyed kamran; Bigdeli, Shoaleh; Yadollahi, Sohrab

2014-01-01

490

On the fringes of conquest: maya-spanish contact in colonial belize.  

PubMed

The defeat of the Aztecs of Mexico by Hernán Cortés in 1521 was but the beginning of a long and torturous conquest of Central America that did not always result in the mastery of people and production for which the Spanish had hoped. The Maya of the resource-poor Yucatán peninsula were spared the heavy colonial hand that held fast to central Mexico and its riches. In addition, the dense forests of the peninsula served as a haven for refugees fleeing oppressive conditions in colonial towns. Despite the paucity of documentary information on Maya communities of the frontier, knowledge of Maya-Spanish relations in the 16th and 17th centuries has advanced in recent years through archeological and ethnohistorical research. Work in one region of the Maya lowlands has brought us closer to an understanding of the early interaction of the rulers and the ruled. PMID:17832220

Graham, E; Pendergast, D M; Jones, G D

1989-12-01

491

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Spanish version of the revised memory and behavior problems checklist.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are a cause of significant stress in caregivers. The revised memory and behavior problems checklist (RMBPC) (Teri et al., 1992) is an instrument used for the assessment of BPSD. The psychometric properties of the RMBPC-Spanish version were analyzed. Method: 361 family caregivers of people with dementia were interviewed individually. The RMBPC is a 24-item questionnaire that assesses both the frequency of the BPSD and the reaction they cause in the caregiver. It has three factors: memory problems, disruptive behaviors, and depressive behaviors. Caregivers' depressive symptomatology, anxiety and burden, and the functional capacity of the person with dementia were also measured. Results: The results of a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) show that the original three-factor model with 24 items, with error covariances, had a marginally acceptable adjustment for the frequency and reaction scales. The deletion of items with low factor loadings results in a better adjustment of the data to the model, for both the frequency and reaction scales. We found adequate internal consistency for all subscales, and significant associations between the subscales, burden, anxiety, and depression. Conclusions: The results suggest that the Spanish version of the RMBPC shows adequate adjustment for the three-factor model with 24-items, but that removing some of the items improves the adjustment. The results support the use of this instrument for the assessment of BPSD in Spanish people with dementia. PMID:25465047

Nogales-González, Celia; Losada, Andrés; Romero-Moreno, Rosa

2014-12-01

492

[Social capital in rural areas: adaptation to Spanish and factor validation of a scale].  

PubMed

Social capital is considered a structural determinant of social development and wellbeing. Its cognitive component assesses the degree of confidence of the population in their systems for social organization, as well as community interactions to coordinate social responses to social problems. There are few available scales for measuring this construct. This work presents the adaptation to Spanish and psychometric validation of a scale for measuring social capital in a rural setting. The Wang Social Cognitive Scale was also adapted to Spanish. 1200 questionnaires were applied to adults in 12 villages of the municipality of Tierra Alta, (Colombia) recruited by random sampling. Factor analysis of the scale was performed based on a polychoric correlation matrix. Exploratory factor analysis suggests the existence of two principal factors distributed as follows: 7 items for factor 1, trust (eigenvalue 3.23) and 2 items, for factor 2, distrust (eigenvalue 1.40). As observed by Wang, Q9 and Q10 could be ambiguous questions which do not contribute enough to either of the factors. The first factor validation to Spanish language of the Wang Social Capital Scale is presented in the social context of rural Colombia. PMID:25014299

Fernández Niño, Julián Alfredo; Pinzón Flórez, Carlos Eduardo; Moreno Montoya, José; Cepeda Gil, Magda Cristiana; Idrovo Velandia, Alvaro Javier

2014-07-01

493

On the Internal Structure of Spanish Verbless Clauses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation I discuss several aspects of the syntax, semantics and discourse properties of what I call Spanish verbless clauses -i.e. non-finite utterances with clausal properties: Spanish PredNP "muy listo este tio" "very intelligent this guy", Spanish PP complement clause "me sorprende lo caro del piso" "it amazes me how expensive this…

Gonzalez-Rivera, Melvin

2011-01-01

494

7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish...Splits” consists of shelled Spanish type peanut kernels which are split or broken... (1) 2 percent for other types of peanuts; (2) 2 percent for damaged or...

2013-01-01

495

7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish...Splits” consists of shelled Spanish type peanut kernels which are split or broken... (1) 2 percent for other types of peanuts; (2) 2 percent for damaged or...

2012-01-01

496

7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.  

...Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish...Splits” consists of shelled Spanish type peanut kernels which are split or broken... (1) 2 percent for other types of peanuts; (2) 2 percent for damaged or...

2014-01-01

497

7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish...Splits” consists of shelled Spanish type peanut kernels which are split or broken... (1) 2 percent for other types of peanuts; (2) 2 percent for damaged or...

2011-01-01

498

"Ficciones," Jorge Luis Borges. Performance Guides to Spanish Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This performance guide is the result of work conducted at the University of Virginia's National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute, 1989, on "Spanish Literature in Performance," in which 25 secondary school Spanish teachers studied Spanish texts from the perspective of classroom performance to deepen knowledge of the texts and discover…

Gies, David Thatcher, Comp.

499

VOCABULARY GUIDE OF COGNATE WORDS IN SPANISH AND ENGLISH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A VOCABULARY GUIDE OF COGNATE WORDS IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH IS PRESENTED. THE VALUE OF THE GUIDE RESTS ON THE ASSUMPTIONS THAT THE LEARNING OF SIMILAR WORDS IN BOTH LANGUAGES COULD CHANGE SPANISH-SPEAKING AMERICAN PUPILS' NEGATIVE ATTITUDE ABOUT ENGLISH AS WELL AS INCREASE THEIR VOCABULARY. WORDS IN THE "VELAZQUEZ SPANISH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY" OF…

KRIPPNER, STANLEY

500

Input, Output, and Negotiation of Meaning in Spanish Conversation Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study is based on the analysis of speech in three Spanish conversation classes. Research questions are: What is the ratio of English and Spanish spoken in class? Is classroom speech more predominant in students or the instructor? And, are teachers' beliefs in regards to the use of English and Spanish consistent with their…

Rondon-Pari, Graziela

2014-01-01