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1

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire: Spanish for Puerto Rico Version  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire to Spanish for Puerto Rico. Five steps were followed for the cross-cultural adaptation: forward translations into Spanish for Puerto Rico, synthesis of the translations, back translations into English, revision by an expert committee, and field test of the prefinal version. Psychometric characteristics of reliability and construct validity were evaluated for the final version. Internal consistency of the final version was high (Cronbach's ? = 0.97) and item-to-total correlations were moderate (range from 0.44 to 0.85). Construct validity was evaluated by correlating the DASH with the scales of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast. Fair to moderate correlations found in this study between the DASH and most scales of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast support the construct validity of the Puerto Rico-Spanish DASH. The final version of the questionnaire was revised and approved by the Institute for Work and Health of Canada. Revisions to the original DASH English version are recommended. This version of the DASH is valid and reliable, and it can be used to evaluate outcomes in both clinical and research settings.

Mulero-Portela, Ana L.; Colon-Santaella, Carmen L.; Cruz-Gomez, Cynthia

2010-01-01

2

Validation of the Spanish version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To validate in Spanish the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), a questionnaire to assess stress for research purposes in psychosomatic patients. Method: The test was administered to a healthy population (N=174) of nursing students and health workers and to a clinical sample (N=80) of patients attending a psychiatric outpatient consultation. Results: Concurrent validity: General and Recent PSQ scores correlated high

C Sanz-Carrillo; J Garc??a-Campayo; A Rubio; M. A Santed; M Montoro

2002-01-01

3

Development of a Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges—Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 2 different samples of smokers, the authors developed and cross-validated a Spanish, brief version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; S. T. Tiffany & D. J. Drobes, 1991). The smokers in Study 1 (N = 245) and Study 2 (N = 225) were from the province of Alicante, Spain. In both samples, a 2-factor model provided an excellent

Antonio Cepeda-Benito; Abilio Reig-Ferrer

2004-01-01

4

Development of a Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges--Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using 2 different samples of smokers, the authors developed and cross-validated a Spanish, brief version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; S. T. Tiffany & D. J. Drobes, 1991). The smokers in Study 1 (N = 245) and Study 2 (N = 225) were from the province of Alicante, Spain. In both samples, a 2-factor model provided an excellent fit for a…

Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio

2004-01-01

5

Development of a brief questionnaire of smoking urges--Spanish.  

PubMed

Using 2 different samples of smokers, the authors developed and cross-validated a Spanish, brief version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; S. T. Tiffany & D. J. Drobes, 1991). The smokers in Study 1 (N = 245) and Study 2 (N = 225) were from the province of Alicante, Spain. In both samples, a 2-factor model provided an excellent fit for a 10-item, all positively worded version of the QSU. Moreover, in both studies each factor uniquely contributed to predict nicotine dependence. Overall, there was clear evidence of construct validity for the multidimensionality of smoking cravings among Spanish smokers. PMID:15584801

Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio

2004-12-01

6

78 FR 35098 - Proposed Information Collection (Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY...Hand or Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During...Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-7. OMB...

2013-06-11

7

Readiness to change questionnaire: reliability study of its Spanish version.  

PubMed

The present study explored the reliability and validity of a Spanish version of the Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RCQ) (12-item short form) as it might be used for opportunistic intervention. The test has three scales to allocate patients to a stage of change: pre-contemplation (P), contemplation (C) or action (A). The RCQ was translated and back-translated prior to pilot administration to 15 patients. From two settings (a general hospital ward and a primary health care centre), 201 patients were identified as excessive drinkers on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Patients known to be alcohol-dependent and attending for alcohol-related reasons were excluded. Patients completed the RCQ. Test-retest reliability after 2 days was assessed in 35 patients. A components analysis was performed. Patients were classified on RCQ scores to a stage of change. Two experts separately interviewed the patients and made an allocation to stage of change, blind to the RCQ score. Test-retest reliability was good (P: r = 0.81; C: r = 0.87; A: r = 0.86). Within the three scales, RCQ items showed fair consistency in terms of Cronbach's alpha (P: 0.58, C: 0.75, A: 0.80). Component analysis showed that together the scales accounted for 57. 4% of the variance. The experts agreed between themselves on patients' stage of change (weighted kappa 0.92) but much less with the stage of change according to RCQ (expert A, kappa = 0.44; expert B, kappa = 0.52). Omitting patients with low consumption did not improve internal reliability, and omitting those with low educational level who might have filled in the questionnaire wrongly did not improve internal reliability or agreement between RCQ and the experts. We conclude that the Spanish RCQ did not function efficiently in a population of opportunistically identified excessive drinkers. PMID:10869247

Rodríguez-Martos, A; Rubio, G; Aubà, J; Santo-Domingo, J; Torralba, L; Campillo, M

8

Cognitive Pretesting of 2010 Alternative Questionnaire Experiment (AQE) Race and Hispanic Origin Questionnaires Translated Into Spanish.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 2010 Census, the U.S. Census Bureau conducted several experiments to explore alternate content and ways to enhance data quality for the 2020 Census. One of these experiments is the race and Hispanic origin Alternative Questionnaire Experiment (...

M. Fond R. L. Terry

2011-01-01

9

Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges in American and Spanish Smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the factor structure of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU) across American and Spanish smokers. Using confirmatory factor analyses, the fits of one-, two-, and four-factor models of smoking craving in American and Spanish data sets were compared. The two-factor model provided the best fit in both samples. However, negatively worded items confounded the interpretation of the

Antonio Cepeda-Benito; Keisha Henry; David H. Gleaves; Mari Carmen Fernandez

2004-01-01

10

Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges in American and Spanish Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the factor structure of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU) across American and Spanish smokers. Using confirmatory factor analyses, the fits of one-, two-, and four-factor models of smoking craving in American and Spanish data sets were compared. The two-factor model provided the best fit in both samples. However,…

Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Henry, Keisha; Gleaves, David H.; Fernandez, Mari Carmen

2004-01-01

11

International Physical Activity Questionnaire: Reliability and validity in a Spanish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although questionnaires are useful for evaluating patterns of physical activity in populations, they need to be validated. The objective of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in a Spanish population. The participants wore a uniaxial MTI Actigraph (Computer Science and Application, Inc.) accelerometer for 7 days

Blanca Roman-Viñas; Lluis Serra-Majem; Maria Hagströmer; Lourdes Ribas-Barba; Michael Sjöström; Ramon Segura-Cardona

2010-01-01

12

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. METHODS: The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and

Elisabetta D'Agata; Carles Pérez Testor; Manuel Rigo

2010-01-01

13

Titeres. (Puppets.) Hand Puppets for Children (Based on Spanish Games & Characters).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide consists of patterns for making ten hand puppets based on Spanish games and characters. These hand puppets can be used by the teacher or student. They can be made of felt or construction paper. These hand puppets can teach a simple song and game or become a means of introducing many things. The patterns are for the characters of Cri…

Arroyo, Nancy; And Others

14

Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): An Initial Trial in Spanish Male Undergraduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Most studies on the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) focus exclusively on women. Aims: To examine the internal consistency and convergent validity of the EDE-Q in Spanish undergraduate men and to compare the results with those obtained previously in college samples of Spanish women and American men. Methods: 269 college men, aged 18–30 years, answered the EDE-Q, Eating Disorder

Eva Penelo; Ana M. Villarroel; Mariona Portell; Rosa M. Raich

2011-01-01

15

Validation of the Spanish Version of the WOMAC Questionnaire for Patients with Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   The aim of this study was to validate a translated version of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis\\u000a Index (WOMAC) questionnaire in Spanish patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA). The WOMAC questionnaire and the SF-36\\u000a were administered to a sample of 269 patients on the waiting list for hip or knee replacement. We studied the convergent validity

A. Escobar; J. M. Quintana; A. Bilbao; J. Azkárate; J. I. Güenaga

2002-01-01

16

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of a Spanish Version of the Sex Fantasy Questionnaire: Assessing Gender Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to validate the factor structure of Wilson's Sex Fantasy Questionnaire (SFQ; Wilson, 1978; Wilson & Lang, 1981) using a Spanish version. In order to do this, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis on two nonclinical samples containing 195 men and 315 women. Both groups were tested for the structure proposed by Wilson and also for

Juan Carlos Sierra; Virgilio Ortega; Ihab Zubeidat

2006-01-01

17

Spanish adaptation of the Expectancy Questionnaire (EQ) about alcohol effects in adolescents.  

PubMed

Background: Alcohol-related expectancies are especially relevant in relation to alcohol consumption during adolescence. The main aim of this study was to adapt and translate into Spanish (Castilian) the Expectancy Questionnaire (EQ), and to study its psychometric properties in adolescents. Method: The sample was composed of 514 adolescents (57.20% female, mean age = 15.21; SD = .63) who completed the EQ and the alcohol consumption questionnaire AIS-UJI. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that an eight-factor model, grouped into two general factors of positive and negative expectancies, had acceptable fit indices. Cronbach's alphas ranged from .75 to .96. Finally, the structural equation model showed that positive expectancies were positively related to alcohol use, whereas negative expectancies were negatively related to drinking. Conclusions: Results showed that the Spanish version of the EQ for adolescents is a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure expectancies about alcohol effects. PMID:24124788

Camacho, Laura; Mezquita, Laura; Ibáñez, Manuel I; Moya, Jorge; Villa, Helena; Viruela, Ana M; Ortet, Generós

2013-11-01

18

Translation, cultural adaptation and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To translate, to perform a cultural adaptation of and to test the reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil. METHODS: First, the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and was then back-translated into French. These translations were reviewed by a committee to establish a Brazilian version of the questionnaire to be tested. The validity and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was evaluated. Patients of both sexes, who were aged 18 to 60 years and presented with rheumatoid arthritis affecting their hands, were interviewed. The patients were initially interviewed by two observers and were later interviewed by a single rater. First, the Visual Analogue Scale for hand pain, the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Disability questionnaire and the Health Assessment Questionnaire were administered. The third administration of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was performed fifteen days after the first administration. Ninety patients were assessed in the present study. RESULTS: Two questions were modified as a result of the assessment of cultural equivalence. The Cronbach's alpha value for this assessment was 0.93. The intraclass intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.76 and 0.96, respectively. The Spearman's coefficient indicated that there was a low level of correlation between the Cochin Hand Functional Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain (0.46) and that there was a moderate level of correlation of the Cochin Scale with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (0.66) and with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (0.63). The average administration time for the Cochin Scale was three minutes. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was successfully translated and adapted, and this version exhibited good internal consistency, reliability and construct validity.

Chiari, Aline; de Souza Sardim, Carla Caires; Natour, Jamil

2011-01-01

19

Is the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)Hand\\/Arm Questionnaire a Reliable, Valid and Responsive Measurement of Patient-Based Outcomes in Hand and Upper Limb Surgery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our study was to evaluate a new region-specific outcome measure in hand and upper limb surgery: the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)-Hand\\/Arm questionnaire using the generic Short Form Health Survey (SF)-36 questionnaire as a ‘gold standard’ comparative measure. The POS-Hand\\/Arm preop questionnaire and the SF-36 questionnaire were completed by 214 patients on the day of their hand

A. D. SCOTT; O. MUSA; F. AL-HASSANI; G. L. JONES; M. B. HOBSON; J. G. MILLER

2009-01-01

20

Which Outcome Measure is the Best? Evaluating Responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale Following Hand and Wrist Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand\\u000a (DASH) questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ), and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) in patients\\u000a with carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist pain, finger contracture, or tumor. Eighty-one subjects prospectively completed each questionnaire\\u000a shortly before and 3 and 6 months after surgery.

Catherine R. McMillan; Paul A. Binhammer

2009-01-01

21

Diagnostic accuracy of two questionnaires for the detection of neuropathic pain in the Spanish population.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Several questionnaires have been developed for the detection of neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) pain scale and the Douleur Neuropathique en 4 questions (DN4) questionnaire for the detection of peripheral neuropathic pain in the Spanish population, and to analyse in detail the diagnostic quality of each item in these questionnaires. METHODS: A total of 192 patients were enrolled. We compared the validity of the DN4 and LANSS questionnaires by studying sensitivity and specificity and using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We also analysed the validity of each item in the questionnaires. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the DN4 questionnaire with an accepted cut-off value of ?4 was 95.04% and that of the LANSS questionnaire with an accepted cut-off value of ?12 was 80.17%. The specificity of the DN4 instrument was 97.18% and that of the LANSS instrument was 100%. The estimated area under the ROC curve (95% confidence interval) was 0.989 (0.977-1) for the DN4 instrument and 0.973 (0.956-0.991) for the LANSS questionnaire. The area under the ROC curve was significantly larger for the DN4 than the LANSS questionnaire (p?questionnaires are good screening tools, the DN4 questionnaire is particularly recommended for identifying patients with neuropathic pain in clinical practice and research studies. PMID:23776139

Hamdan, A; Luna, J D; Del Pozo, E; Gálvez, R

2013-06-17

22

Validation of the spanish version of the multiple sclerosis international quality of life (musiqol) questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The Multiple Sclerosis International Quality Of Life (MusiQoL) questionnaire, a 31-item, multidimensional, self-administrated questionnaire that is available in 14 languages including Spanish, has been validated using a large international sample. We investigated the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of MusiQoL in Spain. Methods Consecutive patients with different types and severities of multiple sclerosis (MS) were recruited from 22 centres across Spain. All patients completed the MusiQoL questionnaire, the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) health survey, and a symptoms checklist at baseline and 21 days later. External validity, internal consistency, reliability and reproducibility were tested. Results A total of 224 Spanish patients were evaluated. Dimensions of MusiQoL generally demonstrated a high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.70-0.92 for all but two MusiQoL domain scores). External validity testing revealed that the MusiQoL index score correlated significantly with all SF-36 dimension scores (Pearson's correlation: 0.46-0.76), reproducibility was satisfactory (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.60-0.91), acceptability was high, and the time taken to complete the 31-item questionnaire was reasonable (mean [standard deviation]: 9.8 [11.8] minutes). Conclusions The Spanish version of the MusiQoL questionnaire appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for measuring quality of life in patients with MS in Spain and constitutes a useful instrument to measure health-related quality of life in the clinical setting.

2011-01-01

23

Spanish version of the Child and Adolescent Self-Care Performance Questionnaire: psychometric testing.  

PubMed

This methodological study sought to determine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Child and Adolescent Self-Care Performance Questionnaire originally developed by Moore (1995). In this study, the questionnaire, written originally in English, was translated into Spanish, and some items were adapted for the Latin American culture. The instrument was administered to 536 children of moderate socioeconomic status, ages 10 to 15 years, living in Chile. Evidence for reliability and validity involved examining Coefficient Alpha for the total scale and each of the subscales, item analysis, and factor analysis with varimax rotation. Coefficient alpha for the total scale (35 items) was 0.82, similar to the reliability reported by Moore (1995) for the original instrument. Factor analysis supported eight factors. Use of the instrument in Central and South America may assist in determining self-care practices of Latin American children and the effect of interventions to improve such practices. PMID:19472674

Jaimovich, Sonia; Campos, María Cecilia; Campos, María Sylvia; Moore, Jean Burley

24

Validation of a Spanish version of the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR)  

PubMed Central

Background The Revised version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) was published in 2009. The aim of this study was to prepare a Spanish version, and to assess its psychometric properties in a sample of patients with fibromyalgia. Methods The FIQR was translated into Spanish and administered, along with the FIQ, the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), to 113 Spanish fibromyalgia patients. The administration of the Spanish FIQR was repeated a week later. Results The Spanish FIQR had high internal consistency (Cronbach’s ? was 0.91 and 0.95 at visits 1 and 2 respectively). The test-retest reliability was good for the FIQR total score and its function and symptoms domains (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC?>?0.70), but modest for the overall impact domain (ICC?=?0.51). Statistically significant correlations (p?Spanish version of the FIQR has a good internal consistency and our findings support its validity for assessing fibromyalgia patients. It might be a valid instrument to apply in clinical and investigational grounds.

2013-01-01

25

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces  

PubMed Central

Background As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. Methods The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 adolescents, ages ranging between 10 and 16, with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) and wearing the same kind of brace (Rigo System Chêneau Brace). The materials used were a socio-demographics data questionnaire, the SRS-22 and the Spanish version of BSSQ(brace).es. The statistical analysis calculated the reliability (test-retest reliability and internal consistency) and the validity (convergent and construct validity) of the BSSQ (brace).es. Results BSSQ(brace).es is reliable because of its satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.809, p < 0.001) and temporal stability (test-retest method with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.902 (p < 0.01)). It demonstrated convergent validity with SRS-22 since the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.656 (p < 0.01). By undertaking an Exploratory Principal Components Analysis, a latent structure was found based on two Components which explicate the variance at 60.8%. Conclusions BSSQ (brace).es is reliable and valid and can be used with Spanish adolescents to assess the stress level caused by the brace.

2010-01-01

26

Quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory disease: the Spanish version of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory disease: the Spanish version of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ). R. Güell, P. Casan, M. Sangenís, F. Morante, J. Belda, G.H. Guyatt. ?ERS Journals Ltd 1998. ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) into Spanish and to test its measurement properties. The study was performed

R. Güell; P. Casan; M. Sangenís; F. Morante; J. Belda; G. H. Guyatt

1998-01-01

27

[Validated translation to Spanish of the evaluation questionnaire of patients with restless legs syndrome.].  

PubMed

Introduction. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensory- motor condition, characterised by the irresistible need to move the legs while sitting or lying down, usually presenting late in the day, from the end of the afternoon into the night. Objective. To describe the translation process to Spanish of three different research RLS tools: the diagnosis criteria, the Practitioner Screening Questionnaire and the Basic Set of Questions for Epidemiological Studies. A procedure is proposed for the translation of these tools into other languages. Methods. The back translation method was employed. Five translators took part: two translated into their mother tongue and two into their foreign tongue, and once the translations were completed, a fifth independent translator introduced the changes using his mother tongue. Two expert analysts determined the equivalence between the original questionnaire and the translation. The clarity of the translated questionnaires was evaluated in a sample of students, who completed these themselves, and in RLS patients, for whom the doctor(s) or another authorised person filled them out. Results. The procedure undertaken varied according as to how each instrument were to be used either by health care professionals (diagnosis criteria) or to obtain information from patients (the questionnaire being directly completed by the patient directly or indirectly by a health care professional). No significant differences between the original and the translation of the practitioner screening questionnaire and the basic set of questions for epidemiological studies were found. The translators aimed to maintain concept equivalence function and validity of the original instrument were preserved in the trans lation. The same terminology was employed in the di fferent translations to make sure they were all consistent should they be used together. The Spanish version of the practitioner screening questionnaire has added terms to the first item by providing examples of sensations to ensure its understanding by patients from different parts of Spain. Conclusions. Spanish translated versions of three different questionnaires have been obtained to be used for RLS assessment in Spain, following appropriate psychometric validation. The instrument translated in the third place showed the closest equivalence with original. PMID:20340058

García-Borreguero, D; Lahuerta-Dal Ré, Jm; Albares, J; Zaragoza, S; de Gracia, M

2009-12-01

28

Establishing Measurement Invariance: English and Spanish Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Registered nurses and nurse researchers often use questionnaires to measure patient outcomes. When questionnaires or other multiple item instruments have been developed using a relatively homogeneous sample, the suitability of even a psychometrically well-developed instrument for the new population comes into question. Bias or lack of equivalence can be introduced into instruments through differences in perceptions of the meaning of the measured items, constructs, or both, in the two groups. Objective To explain measurement invariance and illustrate how it can be tested using the English and Spanish versions of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Method A sample of 607 children from the Phoenix Children's Hospital Breathmobile was selected for this analysis. Ages were 6 to 18 years in age; 61.2% completed the PAQLQ in Spanish. Testing measurement invariance using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, a series of hierarchical nested models, is demonstrated. In assessing the adequacy of the fit of each model at each stage, both ?2 tests and goodness-of-fit indexes were used. Results The test of measurement invariance for the one-factor model showed that the English and Spanish versions of the scale met the criteria for measurement invariance. The level of strict invariance (equal factor loadings, intercepts, and residual variances between groups) was achieved. Discussion Confirmatory factor analysis is used to evaluate the structural integrity of a measurement instrument; multiple confirmatory factor analyses are used to assess measurement invariance across different groups, and to stamp the data as valid or invalid. The PAQLQ, a widely used instrument having evidence to support reliability and validity was used separately in English- and Spanish-speaking groups. Traditional methods for evaluating measurement instruments have been less than thorough, and this paper demonstrates a well-developed approach allowing for confident comparisons between populations.

Sousa, Karen H.; West, Stephen G.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Harris, Judy A.; Cook, Susanne W.

2012-01-01

29

Validity and reliability of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire after adaptation to a different language and culture: the Spanish example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Validity and reliability of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire after adaptation to a different language and culture: the Spanish example. M. Ferrer, J. Alonso, L. Prieto, V. Plaza, E. Monsó, R. Marrades, M.C. Aguar, A. Khalaf, J.M. Antó. ©ERS Journals Ltd 1996. ABSTRACT: We describe the adaptation into Spanish of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), a self-administered questionnaire developed

M. Ferrer; J. Alonso; L. Prieto; V. Plaza; E. Monsó; R. Marrades; M. C. Aguar; A. Khalaf; J. M. Antó

1996-01-01

30

Cross-cultural investigation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges in American and Spanish smokers.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the factor structure of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU) across American and Spanish smokers. Using confirmatory factor analyses, the fits of one-, two-, and four-factor models of smoking craving in American and Spanish data sets were compared. The two-factor model provided the best fit in both samples. However, negatively worded items confounded the interpretation of the two-factor structure in both the American and Spanish data. The first factor had positively and negatively worded items, whereas the second had only positively worded items. The two-factor structure was reexamined, removing either the positively or the negatively worded items. Using only positively worded items resulted in a loss of fit, whereas using only negatively worded items improved model fit substantially. Thus, the results supported the generalization of smoking craving across Spanish and American smokers and suggested that negatively worded items play a larger role in the two-factor structure of the QSU than originally thought. PMID:15171463

Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Henry, Keisha; Gleaves, David H; Fernandez, Mari Carmen

2004-06-01

31

Validation of the Spanish Translation of the Questionnaire for the Obesity-Related Problems Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The objective of the study was to translate and validate the questionnaire for the Obesity-Related Problems Scale (OP) in\\u000a the Spanish language.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The translation–retranslation procedure and a pilot study were first conducted. Then, patients with morbid obesity who were\\u000a on a waiting list to undergo bariatric surgery were selected. The construct validity of the OP scale was studied by means

Amaia Bilbao; Javier Mar; Blanca Mar; Arantzazu Arrospide; Gabriel Martínez de Aragón; José María Quintana

2009-01-01

32

Simultaneous development of the Pediatric GERD Caregiver Impact Questionnaire (PGCIQ) in American English and American Spanish  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to develop simultaneously a new questionnaire, the Pediatric GERD Caregiver Impact Questionnaire (PGCIQ), in American English and American Spanish in order to elucidate the impact of caring for a child with GERD. Methods Two focus group discussions were conducted in American English and American Spanish to develop a relevant conceptual model. Focus group participants were the primary caregivers of children with GERD (newborn through 12 years of age). Participant responses were qualitatively analyzed to identify potential differences in caregiver perspectives by the caregiver's language, socio-economic status and demographic profile as well as the child's age and disease severity level. Items in the PGCIQ were generated simultaneously in English and Spanish by reviewing results of qualitative analysis from focus groups in each language. The PGCIQ was finalized in both languages after testing content validity and conducting an in-depth translatability assessment. Results Analysis of focus group comments resulted in the development of a first draft questionnaire consisting of 58 items in 10 domains. Content validity testing and an in-depth translatability assessment resulted in wording modification of 37 items, deletion of 14 items and the addition of a domain with five items. Feedback from the content validity testing interviews indicated that the instrument is conceptually relevant in both American English and American Spanish, clear, comprehensive and easy to complete within 10 minutes. The final version of the PGCIQ contains 49 items assessing ten domains. An optional module with nine items is available for investigative research purposes and for use only at baseline. Conclusion The PGCIQ was developed using simultaneous item generation, a process that allows for consideration of concept relevance in all stages of development and in all languages being developed. The PGCIQ is the first questionnaire to document the multidimensional impact of caring for an infant or young child with GERD. Linguistic adaptation of the PGCIQ in multiple languages is ongoing. A validation study of the PGCIQ is needed to examine its psychometric properties, further refine the items and develop an appropriate scoring model.

Kim, Jennifer; Keininger, Dorothy L; Becker, Sara; Crawley, Joseph A

2005-01-01

33

Cross-cultural adaptation of the work role functioning questionnaire to spanish spoken in Spain.  

PubMed

Purpose The Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (WRFQ) is a tool developed in the United States to measure work disability and assess the perceived impact of health problems on worker ability to perform jobs. We translated and adapted the WRFQ to Spanish spoken in Spain and assessed preservation of its psychometric properties. Methods Cross-cultural adaptation of the WRFQ was performed following a systematic 5-step procedure: (1) direct translation, (2) synthesis, (3) back-translation, (4) consolidation by an expert committee and (5) pre-test. Psychometric properties were evaluated by administering the questionnaire to 40 patients with different cultural levels and health problems. Applicability, usability, readability and integrity of the WRFQ were assessed, together with its validity and reliability. Results Questionnaire translation, back translation and consolidation were carried out without relevant difficulties. Idiomatic issues requiring reformulation were found in the instructions, response options and in 2 items. Participants appreciated the applicability, usability, readability and integrity of the questionnaire. The results indicated good face and content validity. Internal consistency was satisfactory for all subscales (Cronbach's alpha between 0.88 and 0.96), except for social demands (Cronbach's alpha = 0.56). Test-retest reliability showed good stability, with intraclass correlation coefficients between 0.77 and 0.93 for all subscales. Construct validity was considered preserved based on the comparison of median scores for each patient group and subscale. Conclusions Our results indicate the cross-cultural adaptation of the WRFQ to Spanish was satisfactory and preserved its psychometric properties, except for the subscale of social demands, whose internal consistency should be interpreted with caution. PMID:23358808

Ramada, José M; Serra, Consol; Amick Iii, Benjamin C; Castaño, Juan R; Delclos, George L

2013-12-01

34

[Spanish adaptation and validation of The Adolescent-Cannabis Problems Questionnaire (CPQ-A)].  

PubMed

Cannabis is a widely used substance among adolescents and young adults, but demand for help and treatment from this age group continues to be low. It is therefore essential to develop instruments especially designed for the early detection of problems associated with cannabis use in this population. The purpose of this work is to adapt and validate the CPQ-A (Adolescent Cannabis Problems Questionnaire) for its use as a screening instrument in Spanish population. The sample was made up of 144 young people (71.5% male) aged 16 to 20 (M = 17.12; SD = 1.17) who had used cannabis in the last month and were on some kind of study or training course at various educational institutions in Asturias (a region in northern Spain). Factor analysis of the CPQ-A in this sample provides evidence of a unidimensional structure, with a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.86 for the questionnaire. The evidence also shows that the instrument's convergent validity is good. The CPQ-A score permits discrimination between moderate and excessive cannabis users over the last month, is positively related to score on the CAST (Cannabis Abuse Screening Test), and presents adequate sensitivity and specificity for identifying cases of cannabis abuse and dependence according to the DSM IV-TR criteria. It is also sensitive to young people's degree of concern about cannabis use and the psychopathological effects associated with it. In accordance with the results obtained, the CPQ-A can be considered a useful screening tool for young cannabis users with problems. PMID:22508016

Fernández-Artamendi, Sergio; Fernández-Hermida, José Ramón; García-Cueto, Eduardo; Secades-Villa, Roberto; García-Fernández, Gloria; Barrial-Barbén, Silvia

2012-01-01

35

Validation of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Hispanic women in the United States. Unfortunately Hispanic women exhibit poor mammography screening participation, are diagnosed at later stages of the disease, and have lower survival rates than non-Hispanic white women. Several cultural and psycho-social factors have been found to influence mammography screening participation among Hispanic women. We will begin by presenting the theoretical framework that grounded this research program to develop an instrument to assess factors contributing to poor mammography participation among Hispanic women. We will also summarize the early stages in the development of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire (MBAQ and SMBAQ) for use with low-health-literacy Mexican-American women. Next we will describe the initial psychometric testing of the MBAQ/SMBAQ, after which we will present the psychometric testing of the SMBAQ with low-health-literacy women. This will be followed by a discussion of the modification of the MBAQ and SMBAQ subscales. We’ll conclude with a discussion of the instruments and share our assessment regarding the limitations of this research program, where the program stands to date, and the implications for practice and future research.

Lopez-McKee, Gloria; Bader, Julia

2011-01-01

36

Validation of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Hispanic women in the United States. Unfortunately Hispanic women exhibit poor mammography screening participation, are diagnosed at later stages of the disease, and have lower survival rates than non-Hispanic white women. Several cultural and psycho-social factors have been found to influence mammography screening participation among Hispanic women. We will begin by presenting the theoretical framework that grounded this research program to develop an instrument to assess factors contributing to poor mammography participation among Hispanic women. We will also summarize the early stages in the development of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire (MBAQ and SMBAQ) for use with low-health-literacy Mexican-American women. Next we will describe the initial psychometric testing of the MBAQ/SMBAQ, after which we will present the psychometric testing of the SMBAQ with low-health-literacy women. This will be followed by a discussion of the modification of the MBAQ and SMBAQ subscales. We'll conclude with a discussion of the instruments and share our assessment regarding the limitations of this research program, where the program stands to date, and the implications for practice and future research. PMID:22088158

Lopez-McKee, Gloria; Bader, Julia

2011-03-21

37

Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire and its application in eating disorders  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aims of the study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire (TAF-SP), as well as to determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TAF-SP to different instruments. Patients and methods Two groups were studied: one comprising 146 patients with eating disorders; and another a group of 200 students. Results Three factors were obtained: TAF–Moral; TAF–Likelihood-others; and TAF–Likelihood-oneself. The internal consistency of the TAF-SP was determined by means of Cronbach’s ? coefficient, with values ranging between 0.84–0.95. The correlations with other instruments refected adequate validity. The three-factor structure was tested by means of a linear structural equation model, and the structure fit satisfactorily. Differences in TAF-SP scores between the diagnostic subgroups were also analyzed. Conclusion The TAF-SP meets the psychometric requirements for measuring thought-action fusion and shows adequate internal consistency and validity.

Jauregui-Lobera, I; Santed-German, Ma; Bolanos-Rios, P; Garrido-Casals, O

2013-01-01

38

The Smoking Consequences Questionnaire: Factor structure and predictive validity among Spanish-speaking Latino smokers in the United States  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Much of the existing research on smoking outcome expectancies has been guided by the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (SCQ ). Although the original version of the SCQ has been modified over time for use in different populations, none of the existing versions have been evaluated for use among Spanish-speaking Latino smokers in the United States. Methods: The present study evaluated the factor structure and predictive validity of the 3 previously validated versions of the SCQ—the original, the SCQ-Adult, and the SCQ-Spanish, which was developed with Spanish-speaking smokers in Spain—among Spanish-speaking Latino smokers in Texas. Results: The SCQ-Spanish represented the least complex solution. Each of the SCQ-Spanish scales had good internal consistency, and the predictive validity of the SCQ-Spanish was partially supported. Nearly all the SCQ-Spanish scales predicted withdrawal severity even after controlling for demographics and dependence. Boredom Reduction predicted smoking relapse across the 5- and 12-week follow-up assessments in a multivariate model that also controlled for demographics and dependence. Discussion: Our results support use of the SCQ-Spanish with Spanish-speaking Latino smokers in the United States.

Costello, Tracy J.; Mazas, Carlos; Cofta-Woerpel, Ludmila; Mejia, Luz Maria; Wetter, David W.

2009-01-01

39

Examining the Factor Structure and Discriminant Validity of the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) Among Spanish Postpartum Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors tested alternative factor models of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in a sample of Spanish postpartum women, using confirmatory factor analysis. The authors report the results of modeling three different methods for scoring the GHQ-12 using estimation methods recommended for categorical and binary…

Aguado, Jaume; Campbell, Alistair; Ascaso, Carlos; Navarro, Purificacion; Garcia-Esteve, Lluisa; Luciano, Juan V.

2012-01-01

40

Validation of the Spanish Version of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire on Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to validate the Spanish translation of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) on ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease by assessing its convergence validity, discriminatory power, reliability and sensitivity to change. For that purpose, 211 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (116 with ulcerative colitis and 95 with Crohn’s disease) completed the SIBDQ, the Psychological General

Josefa López-Vivancos; Francesc Casellas; Xavier Badia; Jaime Vilaseca; Juan-Ramon Malagelada

1999-01-01

41

Ethnic Affirmation versus Social Desirability as a Determinant of Discrepancies in the Responses of Hispanic Bilinguals to Spanish and English Versions of a Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sixty bilingual (English-Spanish) college students and 53 monolingual (Spanish) Puerto Rican high school students answered a questionnaire containing questions that tap Hispanic subjective culture. Ethnic affirmation was measured by checking whether the E...

G. Marin H. Betancourt H. C. Triandis Y. Kashima

1982-01-01

42

Construct Validity of the Children's Hand-Skills Ability Questionnaire (CHSQ) in Children with Disabilities: A Rasch Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Hand-Skill ability Questionnaire (CHSQ) is a new parent-report questionnaire that assesses children's manual ability in three domains: leisure and play, school/education, and activities of daily living. The CHSQ can be used with children presenting with a range of disabilities and works as a companion assessment before detailed…

Chien, Chi-Wen; Brown, Ted

2012-01-01

43

Development and validation of a questionnaire on 'Satisfaction with dermatological treatment of hand eczema' (DermaSat)  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To develop a self-administered short questionnaire to assess patient satisfaction with medical treatment for hand eczema (dermatitis) with good psychometric properties. METHOD: The content of the questionnaire was determined on the basis of clinical consultation with groups of patients, from studying the existing instruments, and from discussions with a panel of seven experts. A first draft version containing 38

Miguel A Ruiz; Felipe Heras; Agusti Alomar; Luis Conde-Salazar; Jesús de la Cuadra; Esther Serra; Francisco Regalado; Ralf Halbach

2010-01-01

44

Construct Validity of the Children's Hand-Skills Ability Questionnaire (CHSQ) in Children with Disabilities: A Rasch Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Children's Hand-Skill ability Questionnaire (CHSQ) is a new parent-report questionnaire that assesses children's manual ability in three domains: leisure and play, school/education, and activities of daily living. The CHSQ can be used with children presenting with a range of disabilities and works as a companion assessment before detailed…

Chien, Chi-Wen; Brown, Ted

2012-01-01

45

Initial validation of the Spanish childhood trauma questionnaire-short form: factor structure, reliability and association with parenting.  

PubMed

The present study examines the internal consistency and factor structure of the Spanish version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and the association between the CTQ-SF subscales and parenting style. Cronbach's ? and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed in a female clinical sample (n = 185). Kendall's ? correlations were calculated between the maltreatment and parenting scales in a subsample of 109 patients. The Spanish CTQ-SF showed adequate psychometric properties and a good fit of the 5-factor structure. The neglect and abuse scales were negatively associated with parental care and positively associated with overprotection scales. The results of this study provide initial support for the reliability and validity of the Spanish CTQ-SF. PMID:23266990

Hernandez, Ana; Gallardo-Pujol, David; Pereda, Noemí; Arntz, Arnoud; Bernstein, David P; Gaviria, Ana M; Labad, Antonio; Valero, Joaquín; Gutiérrez-Zotes, Jose Alfonso

2012-12-24

46

The longitudinal validity of the quick and full version of the Disability of the Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire in musculoskeletal hand outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Longitudinal validity refers to the ability of an outcome measure to detect clinically meaningful change in status, also referred to as responsiveness. Most recently the Department of Health has been a proponent of increased use of patient-reported outcome measures in evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve health. The Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is

Kathy Whalley; Jo Adams

2009-01-01

47

How we compensate for memory loss in old age: adapting and validating the Memory Compensation Questionnaire (MCQ) for Spanish populations.  

PubMed

Compensating entails using external strategies and mechanisms that help overcome or alleviate the decreasing memory function that comes with age. This study aims to adapt and validate the MCQ in the elderly Spanish population. A total of 403 elderly people aged between 65 and 92 in the city of Valencia (Spain) completed the questionnaire for the validation process. The factorial validity of the scale was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The result showed a first order five-factor model with 23 items that met the criteria for model fit according to multiple fit indices. As a general conclusion, the adaptation into Spanish provided a reliable and valid measure of compensation in the elderly population, and it could potentially be useful in both clinical practice and research in the elderly. PMID:22818339

Meléndez, Juan Carlos; Mayordomo, Teresa; Sales, Alicia; Cantero, María José; Viguer, Paz

2012-07-19

48

Psychometric analysis of the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care inventory-revised version questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care Inventory-Revised Version (SCI-R) questionnaire to assess the degree of adherence to self-care among adults with diabetes. Methods We validated the Spanish and Catalan translation from, and back translation to, English and cultural adaptation of the SCI-R in type 1 diabetes patients on multiple insulin doses or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion and in type 2 diabetes patients on oral agents and/or insulin. Internal reliability, structural validity, and external validity (correlation with glycated hemoglobin) were evaluated. Responsiveness to change was assessed in patients 1 year after onset of type 1 diabetes and following a structured education program. Results The SCI-R presented good internal reliability Cronbach’s ?: 0.75, test-retest reliability (r = 0.82) and structural validity (r > 0.40). The external validity was also good; the SCI-R correlated with HbA1c in patients with type 1 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = ?0.50) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (r = ?0.66) and in patients with type 2 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = ?0.62). However, it was not satisfactory in patients on oral agents (r = ?0.20) and/or bedtime insulin (r = ?0.35). Responsiveness to change was analyzed in 54 patients (age 27.3±7.4 years, 26% men, HbA1c 6.8% ±1.1%); the SCI-R score was 72.3% ±13.7% and correlated negatively with glycated hemoglobin (r = ?0.42) and 3 scales of the Diabetes Quality of Life questionnaire (lower score indicating better perception): Impact (r = ?0.37), Social Worry (r = ?0.36) and Diabetes Worry (r = ?0.38), all at P < 0.05. Conclusion The Spanish and Catalan versions of the SCI-R questionnaire show good psychometric properties and both could be considered as useful tools for evaluating self-care behavior in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. However, there are still some subgroups of patients with type 2 diabetes in which the validity of this questionnaire needs further evaluation.

Jansa, Margarida; Vidal, Merce; Gimenez, Marga; Conget, Ignacio; Galindo, Mercedes; Roca, Daria; Colungo, Cristina; Esmatjes, Enric; Salamero, Manel

2013-01-01

49

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Italian version of the patient-rated wrist/hand evaluation questionnaire.  

PubMed

An Italian version of the patient-rated wrist/hand evaluation (PRWHE) questionnaire was obtained through the standardized process of cross-cultural adaptation. The PRWHE-Italian (IT) was tested on 63 patients in order to evaluate comprehension, reliability and validity as correlated to the validated version of the disabilities of the arm shoulder and hand (DASH)-IT and SF-36. No patients had difficulty completing the PRWHE-IT questionnaire. Psychometric testing demonstrated high reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.9607) and internal and external validity (Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.927 with PRWHE, r < 0.810 with DASH and r < -0.476 with SF-36). The Italian version of the PRWHE has equivalent evaluation capacities to the original English version and is a reliable functional outcome measurement instrument for wrist and hand disorders. PMID:22719008

Fairplay, T; Atzei, A; Corradi, M; Luchetti, R; Cozzolino, R; Schoenhuber, R

2012-06-19

50

Measuring functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis—content comparison of questionnaires based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. When selecting a questionnaire, researchers and clinicians need to know whether or not a questionnaire covers the relevant outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the content of questionnaires that have been used to assess functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA) based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Questionnaires

Tanja Stamm; Szilvia Geyh; Alarcos Cieza; Klaus Machold; Barbara Kollerits; Margreet Kloppenburg; Josef Smolen; Gerold Stucki

2006-01-01

51

Reliability and Validity Evidence of Scores on the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire in a Sample of Spanish Students of Compulsory Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the reliability and validity evidence drawn from the scores of the Spanish version of the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) using a sample of 2,022 (51.1% boys) Spanish students from grades 7 to 10. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the correlated three-factor structure of the AGTQ in this sample: Learning…

Ingles, Candido J.; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.; Castejon, Juan L.; Valle, Antonio; Delgado, Beatriz; Marzo, Juan C.

2009-01-01

52

Using Rasch Measurement To Investigate the Cross-form Equivalence and Clinical Utility of Spanish and English Versions of a Diabetes Questionnaire: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used Rasch measurement to study the psychometric properties of data obtained from a newly developed Diabetes Questionnaire designed to measure diabetes knowledge, attitudes, and self-care. Responses of 26 diabetes patients to the English version of the questionnaire and 24 patients to the Spanish version support the cross-form equivalence and…

Gerber, Ben; Smith, Everett V., Jr.; Girotti, Mariela; Pelaez, Lourdes; Lawless, Kimberly; Smolin, Louanne; Brodsky, Irwin; Eiser, Arnold

2002-01-01

53

[Validation of the S-IQCODE: the Spanish version of the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly].  

PubMed

Although in the last decade the screening test of dementia have improved, is still being of interest the study of simple methods with a most sensitivity and specificity in the detection of the cognitive decline. Jorm et al have used recently a questionnaire (IQCODE) by which a subject's relative informs of the decline suffered by this in his cognitive capacity. In this work is showed a spanish adaptation of this test, the spanish-IQCODE, analysing it's usefulness for the detection of mild dementia. The S-IQCODE shows a diagnostic validity (sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 92%, positive predictive value of 54% and negative predictive value of 98%) greater than Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); it also shows a correlation with the diagnostic of dementia greater (r = 0.70 vs r = 0.37); and, different from MMSE, it doesn't show significative correlations with the age, the schooling and the premorbid intelligence. The results in this study show the S-IQCODE as a good test for the detection of the mild dementia, of greater diagnostic power than the MMSE and less contaminated than this by strange variables to the cognitive decline. PMID:1492780

Morales González, J M; González-Montalvo, J I; Del Ser Quijano, T; Bermejo Pareja, F

54

Spanish translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and validation of the Questionnaire for Diabetes-Related Foot Disease (Q-DFD)  

PubMed Central

Purpose To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Questionnaire for Diabetes-Related Foot Disease (Q-DFD), originally created and validated in Australia, for its use in Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes mellitus. Patients and methods The translation and cross-cultural adaptation were based on international guidelines. The Spanish version of the survey was applied to a community-based (sample A) and a hospital clinic-based sample (samples B and C). Samples A and B were used to determine criterion and construct validity comparing the survey findings with clinical evaluation and medical records, respectively; while sample C was used to determine intra- and inter-rater reliability. Results After completing the rigorous translation process, only four items were considered problematic and required a new translation. In total, 127 patients were included in the validation study: 76 to determine criterion and construct validity and 41 to establish intra- and inter-rater reliability. For an overall diagnosis of diabetes-related foot disease, a substantial level of agreement was obtained when we compared the Q-DFD with the clinical assessment (kappa 0.77, sensitivity 80.4%, specificity 91.5%, positive likelihood ratio [LR+] 9.46, negative likelihood ratio [LR?] 0.21); while an almost perfect level of agreement was obtained when it was compared with medical records (kappa 0.88, sensitivity 87%, specificity 97%, LR+ 29.0, LR? 0.13). Survey reliability showed substantial levels of agreement, with kappa scores of 0.63 and 0.73 for intra- and inter-rater reliability, respectively. Conclusion The translated and cross-culturally adapted Q-DFD showed good psychometric properties (validity, reproducibility, and reliability) that allow its use in Spanish-speaking diabetic populations.

Castillo-Tandazo, Wilson; Flores-Fortty, Adolfo; Feraud, Lourdes; Tettamanti, Daniel

2013-01-01

55

Quantitative Adjustment of the Influence of Depression on the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Upper extremity specific disability as measured with the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire varies\\u000a more than expected based upon variations in objective impairment influenced by depression. We tested the hypothesis that adjusting\\u000a for depression can reduce the mean and variance of DASH scores. Five hundred and sixteen patients (352 men, 164 women) with\\u000a an average of

Santiago A. Lozano Calderón; David Zurakowski; James S. Davis; David Ring

2010-01-01

56

Construct Validity of the Chinese Version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH-HKPWH)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study evaluated the construct validity of the Chinese Hong Kong version of the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand questionnaire (DASH-HKPWH). Three hundred and thirty four patients with a broad range of upper extremity disorders were recruited into the study. Each completed DASH-HKPWH and SF-36 forms and their pain intensity (numeric pain rating scale) and grip strength were

E. W. C. LEE; M. M. H. CHUNG; A. P. S. LI; S. K. LO

2005-01-01

57

Evaluation of the Modifid Jebsen Test of Hand Function and the University of Maryland Arm Questionnaire for Stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the concurrent validity and test–retest reliability of the Modified Jebsen Test of Hand Function (MJT) and the University of Maryland Arm Questionnaire for Stroke (UMAQS).Design: Individuals with acquired neurological disorders were retested within an average of 9.6 days after the first assessment.Setting: Individuals were recruited from two specialist rehabilitation units, members of the Multiple Sclerosis Society and

T JH BovendEerdt; H Dawes; H Johansen-Berg; D T Wade

2004-01-01

58

Personally addressed hand-signed letters increase questionnaire response: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background Postal questionnaires are commonly used to collect data for health studies, but non-response reduces study sample sizes and can introduce bias. Finding ways to increase the proportion of questionnaires returned would improve research quality. We sought to quantify the effect on response when researchers address participants personally by name on letters that accompany questionnaires. Methods All randomised controlled trials in a published systematic review that evaluated the effect on response of including participants' names on letters that accompany questionnaires were included. Odds ratios for response were pooled in a random effects meta-analysis and evidence for changes in effects over time was assessed using random effects meta-regression. Results Fourteen randomised controlled trials were included covering a wide range of topics. Most topics were unrelated to health or social care. The odds of response when including participants' names on letters were increased by one-fifth (pooled OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.34; p = 0.015). When participants' names and hand-written signatures were used in combination, the effect was a more substantial increase in response (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.27 to 1.66; p < 0.001), corresponding to an absolute increase in the proportion of questionnaires returned of between 4% and 10%, depending on the baseline response rate. There was no evidence that the magnitude of these effects had declined over time. Conclusion This meta-analysis of the best available evidence indicates that researchers using postal questionnaires can increase response by addressing participants by name on cover letters. The effect appears to be enhanced by including hand-written signatures.

Scott, Pippa; Edwards, Phil

2006-01-01

59

Factorial invariance and latent mean differences of scores on the achievement goal tendencies questionnaire across gender and age in a sample of Spanish students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the factorial invariance and latent mean differences of scores on the Spanish version of the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) across gender and age groups in 2022 Spanish students (51.1% boys) in grades 7 through 10. The equality of factor structures was compared using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses. Measurement invariance for the correlated three-factor model of the

Candido J. Ingles; Juan C. Marzo; Juan L. Castejon; Jose Carlos Nuñez; Antonio Valle; Jose M. Garcia-Fernandez; Beatriz Delgado

2011-01-01

60

Use of a three-day estimated food record, a 72-hour recall and a food-frequency questionnaire for dietary assessment in a Mediterranean Spanish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To assess the validity and the short-term reproducibility of a semi-quantitative, self-administrated food frequency questionnaire and a structured 72-hour recall in a Mediterranean Spanish population.Methods: 44 free-living volunteers participated in the study. Macronutrient, vitamin and mineral intake, recorded on the food frequency questionnaire and the structured 72-h recall were compared with intakes derived from a three-day food record (reference

H. SCHRÖDER; M. I. COVAS; J. MARRUGAT; J. VILA; A. PENA; M. ALCÁNTARA; R. MASIÁ

2001-01-01

61

Validation of the Spanish version of the physical activity questionnaire used in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this analysis was to test the validity of the estimates of energy expenditure and sedentary lifestyle obtained through a self-administered questionnaire of physical activity for Spanish-speaking people adapted from US questionnaires (Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals' Follow-up Study) using a triaxial accelerometer (RT3 Triaxial Research Tracker) as the reference. Design and setting: Validation study, calculating

Miguel Angel Martínez-González; Constanza López-Fontana; José Javier Varo; Almudena Sánchez-Villegas; J Alfredo Martinez

2005-01-01

62

Development and validation of a questionnaire on 'Satisfaction with dermatological treatment of hand eczema' (DermaSat)  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop a self-administered short questionnaire to assess patient satisfaction with medical treatment for hand eczema (dermatitis) with good psychometric properties. Method The content of the questionnaire was determined on the basis of clinical consultation with groups of patients, from studying the existing instruments, and from discussions with a panel of seven experts. A first draft version containing 38 items organised in six dimensions was tested on a pilot sample of patients to assess its legibility. The extended version was then tested on a sample of 217 patients of both genders enrolled at 18 hospitals representative of the national distribution. The questionnaire was supplied together with the Morisky-Green compliance questionnaire, the health-related quality of life (HRQL) SF-12 questionnaire, and a visual analogue scale (VAS) of perceived health status to assess concurrent validity. The dimensionality was reduced by means of exploratory factor analysis, and reliability was evaluated on the basis of internal consistency and two halves reliability estimates. Item discriminant capability and questionnaire discriminant validity with respect to known groups of patients (by gender, principal diagnosis, age, disease severity and treatment) were also assessed. Results The reduction and validation sample was composed of 54% women and 46% men, of various educational levels with an average age of 43 years (SD = 13.7). Of those who responded, 26% were diagnosed with hyperkeratotic dermatitis of the palms and 27% of the fingertips, and 47% with recurring palmar dyshidrotic eczema. The questionnaire was shortened to a version containing 17 items grouped in six dimensions: effectiveness, convenience, impact on HRQL, medical follow-up, side effects, and general opinion. Cronbach's alpha coefficient reached a value of 0.9. The dimensions showed different degrees of correlation, and the scores had a normal distribution with an average of 58.4 points (SD = 18.01). Treatment satisfaction scores attained correlations between 0.003 and 0.222 with the HRQL measures, and showed higher correlations with the effectiveness (r = 0.41) and tolerability (0.22) measures, but very low correlation with compliance (r = 0.015). Significant differences were observed between some diagnoses and treatments. Conclusions The shortened questionnaire proved to have good psychometric properties, providing excellent reliability, satisfactorily reproducing the proposed structure and supplying evidence of validity.

2010-01-01

63

Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Frakturen der Hand lassen sich nicht durch eine lineare Übertragung der Prinzipien zur Behandlung langer Röhrenknochen oder\\u000a großer Gelenke auf kleine Knochen und kleine Gelenke behandeln. An der Hand steht weit mehr als in anderen anatomischen Regionen\\u000a die größtmögliche Weichteilschonung im Vordergrund, um die komplexe funktionelle Anatomie zu erhalten. Das Behandlungsziel\\u000a ist die Wiederherstellung bzw. der Erhalt der Handfunktion. Dabei

M. Schädel-Höpfner; J. Windolf

64

Evaluation of a Spanish version of the Buss and Perry aggression questionnaire: Some personal and situational factors related to the aggression scores of young subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Buss and Perry aggression questionnaire adapted for pre-adolescents and adolescents have been studied. A maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis corroborates Buss and Perry’s four-factor structure. The internal consistency of each factor and of the total score has proved to be satisfactory. The four factors are more closely interrelated in pre-adolescents than in

Carmen Santisteban; Jesús M. Alvarado; Patricia Recio

2007-01-01

65

Preliminary Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Therapeutic Alliance with Clinician (TAC) Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a broader study aimed at evaluating perceived alliance with service providers and level of satisfaction with services received, 103 monolingual Spanish speaking Hispanic women were interviewed. Participants were receiving ongoing behavioral health treatment at three different community service provider sites located in the greater New…

Bedregal, Luis E.; Paris, Manuel Jr.; Anez, Luis M.; Shahar, Golan; Davidson, Larry

2006-01-01

66

Validation of the Spanish, Portuguese and French Versions of the Lupus Damage Index Questionnaire: Data from North and South America, Spain and Portugal  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY We have previously developed and validated a self-administered questionnaire, modeled after the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index (SDI), the Lupus Damage Index Questionnaire (LDIQ), which may allow the ascertainment of this construct in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients followed in the community and thus expand observations made about damage. We have now translated, back-translated and adapted the LDIQ to Spanish, Portuguese and French and applied it to patients followed at academic and non-academic centers in North and South America, Portugal and Spain while their physicians scored the SDI. A total of 887 patients (659 Spanish-, 140 Portuguese- and 80 French-speaking) and 40 physicians participated. Overall patients scored higher than their physicians (total score and all domains) for all versions of the LDIQ. Infrequent manifestations had less than optional clinimetric properties but overall agreement was over 95% for the majority of items. The larger sample size may explain the higher correlations observed among the Spanish-speaking patients. Pending minor adjustments, the LDIQ may prove to be useful in community-based studies. The relationship between the LDIQ and other outcome parameters is currently being investigated in a different patient sample.

Pons-Estel, Bernardo A.; Sanchez-Guerrero, Jorge; Romero-Diaz, Juanita; Iglesias-Gamarra, Antonio; Bonfa, Eloisa; Borba, Eduardo F.; Shinjo, Samuel K.; Bernatsky, Sasha; Clarke, Ann; Garcia, Mercedes A.; Marcos, Juan Carlos; Duarte, Angela; Berbotto, Guillermo A.; Scherbarth, Hugo; Marques, Claudia D.; Onetti, Laura; Saurit, Veronica; Souza, Alexander W. S.; Velozo, Edson; Catoggio, Luis J.; Neira, Oscar; Burgos, Paula; Ramirez, Luis Alberto; Molina, Jose Fernando; De La Torre, Ignacio Garcia; Silvarino, Ricardo; Manni, Jorge A.; Duran-Barragan, Sergio; Vila, Luis M.; Fortin, Paul R.; Calvo-Alen, Jaime; Santos, Maria Jose; Portela, Margarita; Esteva-Spinetti, Maria Hercilia; Weisman, Michael; Acevedo, Eduardo M.; Segami, Maria Ines; Gentiletti, Silvana B.; Roldan, Jose; Navarro, Iris; Gonzalez, Emilio; Liu, Jigna M.; Karlson, Elizabeth W.; Costenbader, Karen H.; Wolfe, Fred; Alarcon, Graciela S.

2010-01-01

67

Personally addressed hand-signed letters increase questionnaire response: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Postal questionnaires are commonly used to collect data for health studies, but non-response reduces study sample sizes and can introduce bias. Finding ways to increase the proportion of questionnaires returned would improve research quality. We sought to quantify the effect on response when researchers address participants personally by name on letters that accompany questionnaires. METHODS: All randomised controlled trials

Pippa Scott; Phil Edwards

2006-01-01

68

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SELF-ADMINISTERED QUESTIONNAIRE TO ASSESS EXPOSURES TO HAND-TRANSMITTED AND WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION AND THEIR HEALTH EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large British survey is being conducted to identify sources of occupational exposure to hand-transmitted and whole-body vibration, and to estimate the approximate extent of such exposures and their health effects. The principal information on exposures and morbidity will be derived from responses to a postal questionnaire specially developed by the Medical Research Council and the Institute of Sound and

K. Palmer; D. Coggon; B. Pannett; M. Griffin

1998-01-01

69

Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the DN4 (Douleur Neuropathique 4 questions) questionnaire for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic or somatic component  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study assesses the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of DN4 questionnaire as a tool for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic (NP) or somatic component (non-neuropathic pain, NNP). METHODS: A study was conducted consisting of two phases: cultural adaptation into the Spanish language by means of conceptual equivalence, including forward and backward translations

Concepcion Perez; Rafael Galvez; Silvia Huelbes; Joaquin Insausti; Didier Bouhassira; Silvia Diaz; Javier Rejas

2007-01-01

70

Reliability, validity and responsiveness of the French version of the questionnaire Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand in shoulder disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the French short version of the scale Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand-Disability\\/Symptom (F-QuickDASH-D\\/S) in patients with shoulder disorders. We extracted QuickDASH item responses from the responses to the full-length DASH questionnaire completed by 153 patients. In addition to collecting demographic and clinical data, subjective assessment of activities of daily living

Fouad Fayad; Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau; Vincent Gautheron; Yann Macé; Jacques Fermanian; Anne Mayoux-Benhamou; Alexandra Roren; François Rannou; Agnès Roby-Brami; Michel Revel; Serge Poiraudeau

2009-01-01

71

The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) outcome questionnaire: longitudinal construct validity and measuring self-rated health change after surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The DASH consists mainly of a 30-item disability\\/symptom scale, scored 0 (no disability) to 100. The main purpose of this study was to assess the longitudinal construct validity of the DASH among patients

Christina Gummesson; Isam Atroshi; Charlotte Ekdahl

2003-01-01

72

A dietary behaviors measure for use with low-income, Spanish-speaking Caribbean Latinos with type 2 diabetes: The Latino Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire (LDBQ)  

PubMed Central

This study examines the validity of a Spanish-language dietary behaviors self-report questionnaire (LDBQ) for Latinos with diabetes. The sample (n = 252) was Spanish-speaking, female (77%), middle-aged (mean age = 55 years), low-education (56% < 8th grade education), and low-income (50% < $10,000 annual household income). Baseline and 12-month measures were collected as part of a randomized clinical trial. LDBQ reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change over time were evaluated using exploratory factor analysis; internal consistency analysis; and correlation analysis using baseline and change scores for: LDBQ, three day 24-hour dietary recall nutrient mean, and clinical measures. Cronbach’s alphas were moderate. Four factors were identified at both time points. Significant baseline correlations (r) were found for LDBQ total scores, factor scores and: caloric intake (r = ?.29 to ?.34); total dietary fiber (r = .19); sodium (r = ?.24 to ?.30); percent calories from total fat (r = ?.16); fat subtypes (r = ?.16 to .15); and percent calories from protein (r = .17). Twelvemonth data produced a similar pattern. T-tests of LDBQ change scores showed significantly greater change in dietary behaviors for the intervention group than for the control group, t(135) = ?4.17, p < .01. LDBQ change scores correlated significantly with mean 24-hour nutrient intake and a subset of clinical measures, but were not associated with clinical change scores (except HDL). The LDBQ is a useful tool to assess and target behaviors for change and assess intervention effects.

Fernandez, Senaida; Olendzki, Barbara; Rosal, Milagros C.

2011-01-01

73

Impact of the Spanish Smoking Law on Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke and Respiratory Health in Hospitality Workers: A Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background A smoke-free law came into effect in Spain on 1st January 2006, affecting all enclosed workplaces except hospitality venues, whose proprietors can choose among totally a smoke-free policy, a partial restriction with designated smoking areas, or no restriction on smoking on the premises. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality workers by assessing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and the frequency of respiratory symptoms before and one year after the ban. Methods and Finding We formed a baseline cohort of 431 hospitality workers in Spain and 45 workers in Portugal and Andorra. Of them, 318 (66.8%) were successfully followed up 12 months after the ban, and 137 nonsmokers were included in this analysis. We obtained self-reported exposure to SHS and the presence of respiratory symptoms, and collected saliva samples for cotinine measurement. Salivary cotinine decreased by 55.6% after the ban among nonsmoker workers in venues where smoking was totally prohibited (from median of 1.6 ng/ml before to 0.5 ng/ml, p<0.01). Cotinine concentration decreased by 27.6% (p?=?0.068) among workers in venues with designated smoking areas, and by 10.7% (p?=?0.475) among workers in venues where smoking was allowed. In Portugal and Andorra, no differences between cotinine concentration were found before (1.2 ng/ml) and after the ban (1.2 ng/ml). In Spain, reported respiratory symptom declined significantly (by 71.9%; p<0.05) among workers in venues that became smoke-free. After adjustment for potential confounders, salivary cotinine and respiratory symptoms decreased significantly among workers in Spanish hospitality venues where smoking was totally banned. Conclusions Among nonsmoker hospitality workers in bars and restaurants where smoking was allowed, exposure to SHS after the ban remained similar to pre-law levels. The partial restrictions on smoking in Spanish hospitality venues do not sufficiently protect hospitality workers against SHS or its consequences for respiratory health.

Fernandez, Esteve; Fu, Marcela; Pascual, Jose A.; Lopez, Maria J.; Perez-Rios, Monica; Schiaffino, Anna; Martinez-Sanchez, Jose M.; Ariza, Carles; Salto, Esteve; Nebot, Manel

2009-01-01

74

Is refraction with a hand-held autorefractometer useful in addition to visual acuity testing and questionnaires in preschool vision screening at 3.5 years in Japan?  

PubMed

The vision-screening program for 3.5-year-old children in Japan consists of 3 steps:questionnaires and home visual acuity testing, visual acuity testing by nurses and inspection by medical officers at regional Public Health Centers, and examinations by ophthalmologists. In this study, we tested refraction with a hand-held autorefractometer in addition to visual acuity testing and inspection to reveal whether or not autorefraction leads to better detection of eye problems. Autorefraction was performed in 6 consecutive sessions by a single examiner in 265 children at 3.5 years of age who all visited the same center. The children were sent to the third step of examinations by ophthalmologists based on refractive error criteria:3 diopters myopia or 1 diopter hyperopia, and/or 2 diopters astigmatism in either eye, in addition to the current criteria:1) failure in either eye for 0.5 visual acuity at the center, 2) eye-related symptoms revealed by the questionnaires, or 3) eye problems detected by medical officers. Notices to visit ophthalmologists were issued for 64 children (24%), and 37 of those (58%) made the visits, so that documents containing final diagnoses were sent back to the Public Health Office. Of the 64 children, 12 were sent to ophthalmologists based on the current criteria only, 10 based on both the current criteria and the refractive error criteria, and 42 based on the refractive error criteria only. Twelve of the 13 children visiting ophthalmologists by the current criteria had diagnoses such as amblyopia and strabismus. In contrast, 15 of 24 children visiting ophthalmologists by only the refractive error criteria had mainly diagnoses of refractive errors, with no serious problems. In conclusion, autorefraction in addition to visual acuity testing and inspection led to detection of only one additional case of an eye disease at 3.5 years, while tripling the number of children sending to the third-step examination by an ophthalmologist. Thus, from a cost-effectiveness standpoint, autorefraction is not recommended as an additional test when the current system is conducted as designed. PMID:19727204

Matsuo, Toshihiko; Matsuo, Chie; Kio, Keiko; Ichiba, Naofumi; Matsuoka, Hiroaki

2009-08-01

75

Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the DN4 (Douleur Neuropathique 4 questions) questionnaire for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic or somatic component  

PubMed Central

Background This study assesses the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of DN4 questionnaire as a tool for differential diagnosis of pain syndromes associated to a neuropathic (NP) or somatic component (non-neuropathic pain, NNP). Methods A study was conducted consisting of two phases: cultural adaptation into the Spanish language by means of conceptual equivalence, including forward and backward translations in duplicate and cognitive debriefing, and testing of psychometric properties in patients with NP (peripheral, central and mixed) and NNP. The analysis of psychometric properties included reliability (internal consistency, inter-rater agreement and test-retest reliability) and validity (ROC curve analysis, agreement with the reference diagnosis and determination of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in different subsamples according to type of NP). Results A sample of 164 subjects (99 women, 60.4%; age: 60.4 ± 16.0 years), 94 (57.3%) with NP (36 with peripheral, 32 with central, and 26 with mixed pain) and 70 with NNP was enrolled. The questionnaire was reliable [Cronbach's alpha coefficient: 0.71, inter-rater agreement coefficient: 0.80 (0.71–0.89), and test-retest intra-class correlation coefficient: 0.95 (0.92–0.97)] and valid for a cut-off value ? 4 points, which was the best value to discriminate between NP and NNP subjects. Discussion This study, representing the first validation of the DN4 questionnaire into another language different than the original, not only supported its high discriminatory value for identification of neuropathic pain, but also provided supplemental psychometric validation (i.e. test-retest reliability, influence of educational level and pain intensity) and showed its validity in mixed pain syndromes.

Perez, Concepcion; Galvez, Rafael; Huelbes, Silvia; Insausti, Joaquin; Bouhassira, Didier; Diaz, Silvia; Rejas, Javier

2007-01-01

76

Spanish Professor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spanish Professor is designed to help people learn Spanish through a variety of tactics, including multimedia lessons and audio CD's that foster fluency in both speaking and writing Spanish. The site has a few lessons on basic Spanish verbs and their conjugation, and it also links to a number of fantastic Spanish learning sites with free instructional content. Here, visitors will also find links to a number of Spanish dictionaries, and some information on Spanish culture. It's an excellent resource for anyone looking to learn Spanish for travel, business, or for a future career.

2007-12-06

77

How sharp is the short QuickDASH? A refined content and validity analysis of the short form of the disabilities of the shoulder, arm and hand questionnaire in the strata of symptoms and function and specific joint conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To assess and compare content, validity, and specificity of the QuickDASH (Disability of the arm, shoulder and hand questionnaire)\\u000a as compared to the full-length DASH and other instruments to give a recommendation for its use depending on a specific clinical\\u000a situation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Data of three large cohorts of patients with shoulder (n = 138), elbow (n = 79), and carpo-metacarpal I (n = 103) arthroplasties were analyzed.

Felix Angst; Jörg Goldhahn; Susann Drerup; Matthias Flury; Hans-Kaspar Schwyzer; Beat R. Simmen

2009-01-01

78

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ...

79

Learn Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Spanish language instruction has been a staple of instruction in high schools and colleges for years, and there are a number of high-quality online resources for those who would like to learn the language, or just refresh their vocabulary. At this site, visitors can go through a number of tutorials that deal with basic pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. Each tutorial contains an audio section that repeats phrases clearly so that users can learn at their leisure. One fun feature is the ÂRandom Spanish Idiom GeneratorÂ, which at the mere click of a mouse will bring up phrases such as ÂEn el momento precisoÂ, which means ÂIn the nick of timeÂ. The site also contains a list of ten phrases that donÂt translate well into Spanish (such as ÂLook before you leapÂ) and a list of schools that offer personal Spanish-language instruction.

80

Hand Transplant  

MedlinePLUS

... Skin color Comparable ages of donor and recipient Same sex between donor and recipient Hand size Muscle bulk Risks Surgical risks A hand transplant is a major operation and carries all the risks typical of transplant surgery, including infection, bleeding ...

81

Hand Washing  

MedlinePLUS

... warm water (not cold or hot). Use whatever soap you like. Antibacterial soaps are popular but regular soap works fine. If you suspect that your hands ... prevent chapping or dry skin, use a mild soap with warm water, pat rather than rub hands ...

82

(Robotic hands)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended the International Workshop on Robot Hands at the Palace Hotel in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia. The traveler presented a lecture on An integrated sensor system for the ORNL mobile robot.'' The traveler obtained important information on current R D efforts in multi-fingered robot hands and object recognition using touch sensing.

Mann, R.C.

1988-09-23

83

75 FR 8985 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Employee Questionnaire and Complaint...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Comment Request; Employee Questionnaire and Complaint Intake AGENCY: Office...information: Title of Proposal: Employee Questionnaire and Complaint Intake. OMB Control...for these collections: an employee questionnaire (in English, Spanish, and...

2010-02-26

84

Hand Injuries  

MedlinePLUS

... be needed to determine whether the joint is unstable and to detect fractures. Occasionally, computed tomography (CT) ... are out of position or a joint is unstable. Hand exercises are begun as soon as possible ...

85

The Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Injections at the hand region are relatively common in musculoskeletal practice. Some of the more commonly performed injections\\u000a are listed in Table 9.1, along with relevant references from the medical literature. These hand region injections encompass\\u000a a spectrum of intra-articular joint injections for osteoarthritis and other arthritic conditions, tendon sheath injections,\\u000a nerve blocks, etc.

Patrick M. Foye; Debra S. Ibrahim; Michael J. Mehnert; Todd P. Stitik; Jong H. Kim; Mohammad Hossein Dorri; Jose Ibarbia; Lisa Schoenherr; Naimish Baxi; Ladislav Habina; Jiaxin J. Tran

86

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

87

Hand Anthropometry and SMS Satisfaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of hand anthropometry on Short Message Service (SMS) satisfaction was investigated using structured questionnaire interviews with 110 subjects, aged between 17-25 years old. Hand size was measured to assess its effect on mobile phone design factors satisfaction whereas thumb circumference and length were measured for keypad design factors. Small hand-sized subjects were found to be more satisfied with mobile phone dimensions than large hand-sized subjects. Thumb circumference significantly affects users` satisfaction towards key size and space between keys whereas thumb length significantly affects keypad layout satisfaction. Both thumb circumference and length significantly correlate negatively with the corresponding keypad design factors. Results confirm that hand anthropometry do affect users messaging satisfaction. These findings should prove useful to mobile phone designers who could look into the possibility of designing customized mobile phones that cater to large hand and thumb sized users, so as to increase their subjective satisfaction.

Balakrishnan, Vimala; Yeow, Paul H. P.

88

Hand infections.  

PubMed

Many acute hand and upper extremity infections should be treated as surgical emergencies to avoid stiffness, contracture, pain, and amputation. Proper treatment requires understanding of anatomy and how this influences the behavior of certain infections, common offending organisms, antibiotic treatment, management of host factors, and surgical intervention. This article reviews the microbiology, antibiotic coverage, and surgical treatment of the most common infections in the hand: paronychia, felon, herpetic whitlow, flexor tenosynovitis, deep space infections, septic arthritis, bites from humans and animals, necrotizing fasciitis, mycobacterium infections, and fungal infections. Recommendations are based on the most recent available evidence. PMID:24095077

Franko, Orrin I; Abrams, Reid A

2013-10-01

89

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

90

For Spanish Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews eight children's books written in Spanish and one written in both Spanish and English. One is a book of riddles; the others deal with the topics of animals, minerals, plants and flowers, Indians, and pirates. (GT)|

Rivas, Yolanda

1979-01-01

91

Golden Age Spanish Sonnets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Alix Ingber, Professor of Spanish at Sweet Briar College, this site hosts 107 Golden Age (Sixteenth Century) Spanish sonnets and English translations. The poems may be browsed by poet or by their first line. Each poet page includes links to related resources, most of which are in Spanish only. Also included are bibliographies and some other related links.

Ingber, Alix.

92

Studies in Southwest Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Spanish dialects of the Southwest United States have received little serious attention until recently. The present volume contains studies designed to contribute to the understanding and acceptance of Southwest Spanish. The book consists of the following chapters: (1) "Linguistic Diversity in Southwest Spanish," by Garland D. Bills and Jacob…

Bowen, J. Donald, Ed.; Ornstein, Jacob, Ed.

93

Hand Eczema  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Hand eczema is a common disease in the general population and one of the most frequent diagnoses in dermatology. It affects\\u000a occupational as well as private aspects of life, and the severity varies from mild and transient to severe and chronic disease.\\u000a Being a disease that affects mainly young people, often interfering with their professional career, the disease is a

Tove Agner

94

Notes in Spanish  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Notes in Spanish has been described as the best free Spanish language learning podcast/blog on the Internet. Notes in Spanish publishes two podcasts: an intermediate and an advanced podcast. Each podcast is accompanied by a worksheet (available for an additional small fee), which includes a full transcript of the podcast and a list of relevant vocabulary terms and phrases, along with useful exercises. Apart from the podcasts, the Notes in Spanish blog contains regular updates of useful tips and resources for learning Spanish.

Curtis, Benjamin; Diez, Marina

2007-01-31

95

[Hand wounds].  

PubMed

Hand wounds represent a major problem in regard of the number of patients as well as the economic burden associated with it. The close relationship of the different anatomical structures increase the probability of involvement of multiple structures, which require a multidisciplinary approach. Paucity of clinical signs of certain lesions render surgical exploration necessary. Regarding replantation, multiple factors need to be taken into consideration, principally the condition of the amputated part, which is influenced by the trauma but also by the initial care applied to the severed part. Transfer delay to a specialized center should be minimize. PMID:20085204

Vostrel, P; Beaulieu, J-Y

2009-12-16

96

Why Am I Studying Spanish? An Evaluation of Student Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and analyzes results of a questionnaire, addressed to 438 students of Spanish in grades three through college, which sought to determine the reasons behind students' interest in learning a second language. (AM)

McEwan, Angela; Minkle, Roger

1979-01-01

97

HAND SURGERY AND QUALITY OF LIFE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome in patients having surgery to the hand was assessed subjectively using a questionnaire that covered activities of daily living (ADL), hand pain and psychological well-being. The questionnaires were completed on average 6.9 months preoperatively and 20.6 months postoperatively by 15 patients with osteoarthritis undergoing trapeziectomy and 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing Swanson arthroplasties of the metacarpophalangeal joints.Surgery

R. J. I. COLVILLE; K. S. NICHOLSON; H. J. C. R. BELCHER

1999-01-01

98

Hand Surgery and Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome in patients having surgery to the hand was assessed subjectively using a questionnaire that covered activities of daily living (ADL), hand pain and psychological well-being. The questionnaires were completed on average 6.9 months preoperatively and 20.6 months postoperatively by 15 patients with osteoarthritis undergoing trapeziectomy and 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing Swanson arthroplasties of the metacarpophalangeal joints.Surgery

R. J. I. COLVILLE; K. S. NICHOLSON; H. J. C. R. BELCHER

1999-01-01

99

Construction of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

100

Spanish Language Guidances  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... International Conference on Harmonisation - Quality; International Conference on Harmonisation - Safety; ... Spanish Language Guidances. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/guidances

101

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

102

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

103

Improving Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to improve data quality and ease of administration of standard self-administered food frequency questionnaires, various alternative approaches were tried for inquiring about frequency of consumption, portion size, seasonal intake, and food preparation. Evaluation consisted of a cognitive interviewing method in which respondents verbalize their thought process while completing several variations of a questionnaire. Interviewers observed and asked

AMY F SUBAR; FRANCES E THOMPSON; ALBERT F SMITH; JARED B JOBE; REGINA G ZIEGLER; NANCY POTISCHMAN; ARTHUR SCHATZKIN; ANNE HARTMAN; CHRISTINE SWANSON; LAURA KRUSE; RICHARD B HAYES; DENISE RIEDEL LEWIS; LINDA C HARLAN

1995-01-01

104

Spanish regulatory approach for biobanking.  

PubMed

The Spanish regulatory framework for storage of samples for research responds to most issues raised by both researchers and society regarding biobanking. The Spanish regulation currently foresees three possible ways in which these samples are to be handled: (a) gathering for use in a specific project, (b) storage in a collection, and (c) storage in a Biobank. Samples incorporated into a 'collection' can only be used by the investigator who requested them and cannot be transferred to third parties or used in research projects outside the particular research line foreseen in the original consent. On the other hand, the legal entity 'Biobank' refers not only to a set of physical facilities but to the management of the samples stored under that label, and particularly to the requirements for their cession. An approach based on putting most of the regulatory weight on the biobank side has been chosen in order to guaranty the rights of the donors as well as to ease the task of the researchers. A Biobank requires both to be authorized and to be registered in a public Registry. The requirements are quite stringent, allowing for the consent to be given as 'broad' in scope without implying being 'blank.' In this regard, for Biobanks to justify the taking on of some of the donors' rights, a key requirement is to have an external ethics committee supervising the adequacy of samples cession and use, notwithstanding the need for a previous bioethical supervision of the target protocol. PMID:23188043

Arias-Diaz, Javier; Martín-Arribas, María C; García del Pozo, Javier; Alonso, Carlos

2012-11-28

105

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

106

Science in the Making: Right Hand, Left Hand. III: Estimating historical rates of left-handedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BBC television programme Right Hand, Left Hand, broadcast in August 1953, used a postal questionnaire to ask viewers about their handedness. Respondents were born between 1864 and 1948, and in principle therefore the study provides information on rates of left-handedness in those born in the nineteenth century, a group for which few data are otherwise available. A total of

I. C. McManus; James Moore; Matthew Freegard; Richard Rawles

2010-01-01

107

The Rubber Hand Illusion: Feeling of Ownership and Proprioceptive Drift Do Not Go Hand in Hand  

PubMed Central

In the Rubber Hand Illusion, the feeling of ownership of a rubber hand displaced from a participant's real occluded hand is evoked by synchronously stroking both hands with paintbrushes. A change of perceived finger location towards the rubber hand (proprioceptive drift) has been reported to correlate with this illusion. To measure the time course of proprioceptive drift during the Rubber Hand Illusion, we regularly interrupted stroking (performed by robot arms) to measure perceived finger location. Measurements were made by projecting a probe dot into the field of view (using a semi-transparent mirror) and asking participants if the dot is to the left or to the right of their invisible hand (Experiment 1) or to adjust the position of the dot to that of their invisible hand (Experiment 2). We varied both the measurement frequency (every 10 s, 40 s, 120 s) and the mode of stroking (synchronous, asynchronous, just vision). Surprisingly, with frequent measurements, proprioceptive drift occurs not only in the synchronous stroking condition but also in the two control conditions (asynchronous stroking, just vision). Proprioceptive drift in the synchronous stroking condition is never higher than in the just vision condition. Only continuous exposure to asynchronous stroking prevents proprioceptive drift and thus replicates the differences in drift reported in the literature. By contrast, complementary subjective ratings (questionnaire) show that the feeling of ownership requires synchronous stroking and is not present in the asynchronous stroking condition. Thus, subjective ratings and drift are dissociated. We conclude that different mechanisms of multisensory integration are responsible for proprioceptive drift and the feeling of ownership. Proprioceptive drift relies on visuoproprioceptive integration alone, a process that is inhibited by asynchronous stroking, the most common control condition in Rubber Hand Illusion experiments. This dissociation implies that conclusions about feelings of ownership cannot be drawn from measuring proprioceptive drift alone.

Rohde, Marieke; Di Luca, Massimiliano; Ernst, Marc O.

2011-01-01

108

Phraselator Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire designed to elicit Soldier judgments of, and comments about, the upgraded Phraselator speech translation device was completed by seven personnel serving in Iraq. Aggregate responses to yes or no questions are provided, as are the frequency...

J. D. Walrath

2009-01-01

109

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

110

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

111

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

112

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

113

Radioactivity in Spanish spas  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are large number of spas in Spain and there is a lack of data concerning their radioactivity. The levels of radioactivity in a wide sample of Spanish spas were measured with special attention being paid to the radon and radium concentrations in the water, and to radon concentration in the indoor air of the spas. This study is primarily

J. Soto; P. L. Fernández; L. S. Quindós; J. Gómez-Arozamena

1995-01-01

114

Introductory Spanish IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introductory conversational course in Spanish is intended primarily for use in the classroom. The student is to learn some general differences between Argentina and the United States and how to better describe his friends. The common verbs "tener,""venir,""ir,""dar," and those that change "e" are presented. Additional uses of "ser" and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

115

Introductory Spanish: Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course is intended for students who have had some experience in the formal study of Spanish. Performance objectives emphasize development of listening, speaking, and reading skills. Conversation is directed to everyday teenage interests: school, friends, soccer, and clothes. Grammar exercises treating "ser" and "estar" adjectives, and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

116

Rhetorical Exclamatives in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although standard exclamatives have been studied for the last thirty years, (as far as I know) rhetorical exclamatives have not been studied at all in any language, (as far as I know). The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the systematic internal characterization of rhetorical exclamatives in Spanish, from a syntactic, semantic and…

Andueza, Patricia L.

2011-01-01

117

Basic Spanish: Student Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook was first planned for use by the teacher and students of two experimental introductory Spanish classes of the University of South Carolina, employing the materials "Espanol a lo vivo" during the 1971-72 and 1972-73 academic years. One group followed a traditional approach to instruction having class four times weekly, while the other…

Hartley, Peggy J.; And Others

118

Teaching Spanish to the Spanish Speaking: Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume gathers a sampling of educators' ideas on the issue of the role of the non-standard dialect in the teaching of Spanish to Spanish speakers. Part one, "Rationale for the Teaching of Spanish to the Spanish Speaking," deals with philosophy and theory and contains papers by Guadalupe Valdes Fallis and Nasario Garcia. Part two, "Linguistic…

Valdes Fallis, Guadalupe, Ed.; Garcia-Moya, Rudolfo, Ed.

119

Nobody expects the Spanish Inquistion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is any one really ready for the Spanish Inquisition? Assign studnets to participate in reading the play, The Spanish Inquisition by Monty Python. While readiang the play, display the following pictures at appropiate times. Nobody expects the Spanish Inquistion Confess!!! Get the Cushions!!!! Get the comfy Chair! Now you'll confess! Confess women, CONFESS!!! Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!!! ...

Hirschi, Mrs.

2005-04-08

120

Hand and Arm Conditions  

MedlinePLUS

... Public & Patients > Hand and Arm Conditions Hand and Arm Conditions Page Content If you know the name ... below. Otherwise click on an area of the arm below to learn more about common hand conditions. ...

121

About Hand Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... Please enable scripts and reload this page. Home | Media | Contact Us | ASSH Member Center | Sign In ... Visit a Hand Surgeon? What is Hand Therapy? About the American Society for Surgery of the Hand Links to More ...

122

Spanish Civil War Posters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' collection of 120 Spanish Civil War posters dating from 1936-1939 are a good-looking group of items that portray both the Republican and Nationalist causes of Spain during the Spanish Civil War. In order to start searching or browsing all the images of this collection, click on "Search This Collection" in the middle of the page. To browse the images, click on "View All". If you would rather search, you have many modes to do so, including subjects and formats, creators and other associated names, and titles. As most of the text on the posters is in Spanish, visitors may wish to look over the English translations. Unfortunately, many of the posters can only be viewed as thumbnails, unless they are being viewed in person at the Library of Congress. Although many of the posters are in bold reds, blues and yellows, their undertones are dark. Some of the black and white prints look much like newsprint, and are more pedestrian in form.

123

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

124

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

125

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

126

Satisfaction With Teaching Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SEF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Satisfaction with Teaching Questionnaire was used. In a study by its developers this scale discriminated between students choosing to be teachers and those choosing other…

Merwin, J. C.; DiVesta , F. J.

127

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

128

Limits on Bilingualism Revisited: Stress Deafness in Simultaneous French-Spanish Bilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We probed simultaneous French-Spanish bilinguals for the perception of Spanish lexical stress using three tasks, two short-term memory encoding tasks and a speeded lexical decision. In all three tasks, the performance of the group of simultaneous bilinguals was intermediate between that of native speakers of Spanish on the one hand and French…

Dupoux, Emmanuel; Peperkamp, Sharon; Sebastian-Galles, Nuria

2010-01-01

129

Wash Your Hands  

MedlinePLUS

... an Animal Exhibit poster (in English, Spanish, and French) Handwashing after Touching Ducklings or Chicks poster (in English, Spanish, and French) Handwashing after Touching Amphibians and Reptiles poster (in ...

130

Hand in Hand Collaborative Burn Sculpture 20  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand in Hand is the collaborative sculpture built by the Introduction to Studio class at Linfield College during the 2011 January term. On April 21, 2011, the sculpture was burned to the ground in the field west of Miller Fine Arts. The Introduction to Studio class included students Will Bailey, Laura Breshock, Kyle Flynn, Amanda Holtby, Tori Kraft, Dung Le,

Amanda Holtby

2011-01-01

131

Generality and Simple Hands  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a While complex hands seem to offer generality, simple hands are more practical for most robotic and telerobotic manipulation\\u000a tasks, and will remain so for the foreseeable future. This raises the question: how do generality and simplicity trade off\\u000a in the design of robot hands? This paper explores the tension between simplicity in hand design and generality in hand function.\\u000a It

Matthew T. Mason; Siddhartha S. Srinivasa; Andres S. Vazquez

132

Hand preference, magical thinking and left-right confusion.  

PubMed

Several reports suggest a significant correlation between hand preference quotients and Magical Ideation Scale (MIS) scores, such that individuals with mixed preferences have higher MIS scores. In a sample of 156 male and 257 female undergraduate university students no significant correlation was found between MIS scores and hand preference; hand preference being defined in numerous ways, and using short and long hand preference questionnaires to assess handedness. An index of left-right confusion was significantly related to MIS score, but only in females. We suggest that the role of subjects' response style and general approach to filling out questionnaires should be fully explored before "neurological" causes of links between hand preference and other questionnaire-assessed behavioural variables are invoked. PMID:15849033

Jaspers-Fayer, Fern; Peters, Michael

2005-03-01

133

Alcoholism screening questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the validity of the CAGE (cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener) questionnaire and the Michigan Alcoholism\\u000a Screening Test (MAST) in distinguishing between elderly patients with and without alcohol abuse or dependence disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: A cross-sectional study, in which patients were interviewed with a “gold standard,” the alcohol module of the Revised Diagnostic\\u000a Interview Schedule (DIS-III-R), and two

Thomas V. Jones; Byron A. Lindsey; Pamela Yount; Rebecca Soltys; Bahar Farani-Enayat

1993-01-01

134

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy.

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

135

Spanish validation of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales.  

PubMed

The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales have been designed to provide a personality assessment tool based on six distinct affective systems. The six neural systems involved were labeled PLAY, SEEK, CARE, FEAR, ANGER and SADNESS. Spirituality has been integrated into the questionnaire as a seventh dimension because, in opinion of Panksepp and his colleagues is one of the most interesting human emotion. The aim of the present paper was introduce the validation of the Spanish version of Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales and their first psychometric results in a sample of 411 college students. Participants completed the Spanish version of ANPS, just as a personality scale of five factors (NEO-FFI-R), and the Scales of Positive and Negative Affect (PANAS). The factor structure obtained and psychometric properties of the scales indicate that the Spanish version of the scales provides an effective tool to measure the seven dimensions of personality proposal in the original questionnaire. PMID:22059336

Abella, Víctor; Panksepp, Jaak; Manga, Dionisio; Bárcena, Carmen; Iglesias, José A

2011-11-01

136

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

137

Hand fracture - aftercare  

MedlinePLUS

Boxer’s fracture; Metacarpal fracture ... are called the metacarpal bones. You have a fracture (break) in one or more of these bones. This is called a hand (or metacarpal) fracture. Some hand fractures require wearing a splint or ...

138

Hand Transplantation: Lyon Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first right hand and the first bilateral hand transplantation were performed in Lyon (France) on September 23, 1998 and\\u000a on January 13, 2000, respectively; then a second bilateral hand transplantation was performed on April 30, 2003. These cases\\u000a of hand transplantation demonstrated that it was possible to perform composite tissue allografts.\\u000a \\u000a The immunosuppressive protocol used for all French patients

Palmina Petruzzo; Emmanuel Morelon; Jean Kanitakis; Lionel Badet; Assia Eljaafari; Marco Lanzetta; Earl Owen; Jean-Michel Dubernard

139

An adaptive artificial hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the basic approaches to the artificial hand design is given. The importance of new ideas in this field using progress in automatic control theory is stressed. The most importemt feature of the new hand is the two level control. The movements of the hand can be controlled by signals produced by man as well as by external

R. Tomovic; G. Boni

1962-01-01

140

Salivary testosterone levels in left-and right-handed adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been proposed that prenatal testosterone (T) may contribute to the development of hand preference and cerebral functional asymmetry in humans. To investigate any persisting association between T and asymmetry in adulthood, left-handed (LH) and right-handed (RH) men and women were administered a hand preference questionnaire and the Fused Dichotic Words Test. Testosterone was measured in samples of saliva.

Scott D. Moffat; Elizabeth Hampson

1996-01-01

141

Full Length Donor History Questionnaire  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. This document is one component of the donor history questionnaire documents (Version No. ... Full-Length Donor History Questionnaire ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

142

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

143

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Questionnaire Design & Testing: Questionnaire Design Principles Cognitive Testing Item Response Theory Modeling Guides & Reports International Collaboration Areas of Research Tools Surveys

144

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

145

[Puffy hand syndrome].  

PubMed

Puffy hand syndrome is an unrecognized complication of intravenous drug abuse. This painless syndrome appears during or after a long period of drug addiction. It involves the hands and sometimes the forearms, and may cause functional, aesthetic and social disturbances when the hand volume is important. Physiopathological mechanisms of the puffy hand syndrome are unclear and include venous and lymphatic insufficiencies, infectious complications and direct toxicity of injected drugs and their adulterants. Low-stretch bandage and elastic garment, usually used in lymphedema treatment, are proposed to treat the puffy hand syndrome. PMID:19216010

Arrault, M; Gaouar, F; Vignes, S

2009-02-11

146

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

147

Psychosocial adjustment of victims of occupational hand injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of hand injury patients was followed up 2-3 years after their injury. Compared to a non-patient control group hand injury patients were more externally oriented, and reported more psychological symptoms. Based on their General Health Questionnaire scores, the patients were divided into a low score and a high score group. High GHQ scores were associated with external locus

Peter W. H. Lee; Elsie S. Y. Ho; Adolf K. T. Tsang; Jack C. Y. Cheng; P. C. Leung; Y. H. Cheng; F. Lieh-Mak

1985-01-01

148

GLEN ECHO PARK, SPANISH BALLROOM (Spanish Garden Ballroom) (Crystal Ballroom)  

Microsoft Academic Search

time they had. h was Magic. Fun. Elegant. The Spanish Ballroom was - and is still ~ a specific place designed for leisure time activities. Located just outside Washington, D.C., and created for the area's entertainment, the Spanish Ballroom stands as a monument to American popular culture. Built in a commercial haven, an amusement park, the ballroom offered Washingtonians a

MacArthur Boulevard

149

[Spanish flu related data].  

PubMed

Swine flu epidemic is a current topic, and data relating to Spanish flu pandemic from 1918 to 1920 were presented for your information. Monthly trend of number of deaths due to influenza, acute bronchitis, pneumonia and bronchopneumonia together with PTB, other TB and TB of all forms from 1917 to 1920 was presented in Table 1 and Fig. 1. Flu epidemics in early 1917 and from winter 1917 to spring 1818 were so-called common seasonal flu epidemic, however, new pandemic started from October 1918, and the number of deaths due to flu increased 14 times compared with previous month in October, 19 times in November, and the pandemic reached the summit, and started to decrease from December, however, marked decline was seen only after April 1919. The number of deaths due to flu started to increase again from November 1919, and reached its summit again in January 1920, and the pandemic ended in July. The age- and sex-specific mortality rate due to influenza in 1918 was shown in Fig. 2. The rate was high among infants, 20s and 30s and elderly, and by sex, the rate of female was higher below 35 and lower above 35. The number of deaths due to acute bronchitis and pneumonia and bronchopneumonia fluctuated in parallel with that of influenza, and deaths due to these conditions were very difficult to differentiate, and the impact of flu could better be evaluated by summing up all these three conditions, the sum of deaths due to three conditions was expressed as influenza related death. The proportion of deaths due to three conditions by age group was shown in Fig. 3. The proportion of acute bronchitis was high in infants and elderly, and in the other age groups, influenza occupied around 30% and pneumonia and bronchopneumonia around 70% of influenza related death. Total number of deaths due to influenza related diseases from 1918 to 1920 was 816,884, and the annual rate was 489.4 per 100,000. Annual age- and sex-specific mortality rate due to influenza related diseases was shown in Fig. 4, and it showed similar pattern with that of influenza. Because of huge excess death of TB patients due to influenza and related diseases, TB mortality in Japan, which had been increasing since 1884, started to decrease since 1919, and TB mortality which had been decreasing slowly since the beginning of 20th century in European countries and the US, the decline was accelerated since 1919. PMID:19928552

Shimao, Tadao

2009-10-01

150

Quality of life after severe hand injury.  

PubMed

This study explores the quality of life in 118 patients following severe and major hand injury with a Hand Injury Severity Score >50. Each patient answered five different validated outcome measures (DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand), FLZ(M) ('Fragen zur Lebenszufriedenheit'), HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score), BDDE-SR (Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination-Self Report) and FBeK ('Fragebogen zur Beurteilung des eigenen Körpers'), which were incorporated into a single questionnaire. Each of these questionnaires covered one or more of the established quality-of-life domains. Patients with pain and pressure sensations were significantly less satisfied in life, showed lower levels of health satisfaction, had higher levels of anxiety and depression and showed higher body dysmorphic disorder levels (all p < 0.001). General life satisfaction in this hand-injury study group is highly dependent on the patients` satisfaction with their health and appearance as well as self-confidence. The quality-of-life outcomes improve with time, and despite evidence of continued impairment in the injured hand, the majority of patients had a normal quality of life. PMID:21705290

Kovacs, L; Grob, M; Zimmermann, A; Eder, M; Herschbach, P; Henrich, G; Zimmer, R; Biemer, E; Papadopulos, N A

2011-06-25

151

Southern spanish windmills: Technological aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the study carried out in a doctoral thesis about windmills in south-east Spain, in the area of Campo de Níjar in the province of Almeria. It intends to pay homage to Spanish windmills as a way of commemorating the fourth centenary of the masterwork of Spanish Literature, ‘Don Quixote’ in which the silhouette of the windmill is

José Ignacio Rojas-Sola; Juan Manuel Amezcua-Ogáyar

2005-01-01

152

The Spanish Borderlands, Historiography Redux  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The word "borderlands" has many meanings in North American historiography, but this short overview focuses on the time and place that American historians have long known as the "Spanish Borderlands." Historian Herbert Eugene Bolton, the much-studied father of what came to be known as the "Bolton School," popularized the term "Spanish Borderlands"…

Weber, David J.

2005-01-01

153

Coordination of hand shape.  

PubMed

The neural control of hand movement involves coordination of the sensory, motor, and memory systems. Recent studies have documented the motor coordinates for hand shape, but less is known about the corresponding patterns of somatosensory activity. To initiate this line of investigation, the present study characterized the sense of hand shape by evaluating the influence of differences in the amount of grasping or twisting force, and differences in forearm orientation. Human subjects were asked to use the left hand to report the perceived shape of the right hand. In the first experiment, six commonly grasped items were arranged on the table in front of the subject: bottle, doorknob, egg, notebook, carton, and pan. With eyes closed, subjects used the right hand to lightly touch, forcefully support, or imagine holding each object, while 15 joint angles were measured in each hand with a pair of wired gloves. The forces introduced by supporting or twisting did not influence the perceptual report of hand shape, but for most objects, the report was distorted in a consistent manner by differences in forearm orientation. Subjects appeared to adjust the intrinsic joint angles of the left hand, as well as the left wrist posture, so as to maintain the imagined object in its proper spatial orientation. In a second experiment, this result was largely replicated with unfamiliar objects. Thus, somatosensory and motor information appear to be coordinated in an object-based, spatial-coordinate system, sensitive to orientation relative to gravitational forces, but invariant to grasp forcefulness. PMID:21389230

Pesyna, Colin; Pundi, Krishna; Flanders, Martha

2011-03-01

154

Coordination of Hand Shape  

PubMed Central

The neural control of hand movement involves coordination of the sensory, motor and memory systems. Recent studies have documented the motor coordinates for hand shape, but less is known about the corresponding patterns of somatosensory activity. To initiate this line of investigation, the present study characterized the sense of hand shape by evaluating the influence of differences in the amount of grasping or twisting force, and differences in forearm orientation. Human subjects were asked to use the left hand to report the perceived shape of the right hand. In Experiment 1, six commonly grasped items were arranged on the table in front of the subject: bottle, doorknob, egg, notebook, carton, pan. With eyes closed, subjects used the right hand to lightly touch, forcefully support or imagine holding each object, while 15 joint angles were measured in each hand with a pair of wired gloves. The forces introduced by supporting or twisting did not influence the perceptual report of hand shape, but for most objects, the report was distorted in a consistent manner by differences in forearm orientation. Subjects appeared to adjust the intrinsic joint angles of the left hand, as well as the left wrist posture, so as to maintain the imagined object in its proper spatial orientation. In a second experiment, this result was largely replicated with unfamiliar objects. Thus somatosensory and motor information appear to be coordinated in an object-based, spatial coordinate system, sensitive to orientation relative to gravitational forces, but invariant to grasp forcefulness.

Pesyna, Colin; Pundi, Krishna; Flanders, Martha

2011-01-01

155

Spanish as a Second Language. Beginning Conversation Spanish. Spanish for Beginners, Level l.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual outlines a beginning course in Spanish based on audio-visual-lingual methodology. Each lesson plan states the objectives, the activities to be performed, the materials to be used, and the method to use in evaluating the student's mastery of the lesson. Some examples of lesson topics are: greeting each other using Spanish names;…

Marin, Jose

156

Surgical Robot Hand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has been demonstrated that a small robotic hand working with Bowden pulleys and SME shape memory elements is possible below the range of 10 mm in diameter and movement of nearly 3 Hz speed. The robot hand can be sterilized and used for medical applicat...

W. Daum

1998-01-01

157

Mechanical hands illustrated  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of robotics, considerable effort is devoted to the development of effective multiple prehension manipulator systems. Most of these efforts have been directed toward attempts to duplicate certain functions of the human hand for industrial and medical applications. The human hand is an intricate and complex system capable of a multitude of sensory and actuation functions. It has

I. Kato; K. Sadamoto

1987-01-01

158

Hand x-ray  

MedlinePLUS

X-ray - hand ... X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation like light, but of higher energy. They can pass through ... structures will be shades of gray. A hand x-ray is taken in a hospital radiology department or ...

159

Analysis of Multifingered Hands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses three fundamental problems relating to grasping and manipulating objects within an articulated, multifingered hand: determining how hard to squeeze an ob ject in order to ensure a secure grasp, determining the finger- joint motions required to produce a desired motion of the object, and determining the workspace of the hand.Squeezing the object, or the application of internal

Jeffrey Kerr; Bernard Roth

1986-01-01

160

Therapeutic Hand Exerciser.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An apparatus is described for cyclic therapeutic exercise of incapacitated hands. It alternately imparts a straightening and bending motion to the fingers by the use of a splint-like inflatable member attached to the top of the hand and a lower pouch in t...

D. E. Barthlome

1975-01-01

161

A Helping Hand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how designing a hand washing-friendly environment can help to reduce the spread of germs in school restrooms. Use of electronic faucets, surface risk management, traffic flow, and user- friendly hand washing systems that are convenient and maximally hygienic are examined. (GR)

Renner, Jason M.

2000-01-01

162

Hands are us.  

PubMed

Hands play a distinctive role in establishing our identity, both as a tool-using species and as individuals with unique talents and self-awareness. The fit between hands and tools should be as natural (sensitive to the natural functioning of hands) as possible. Improper fit and use leads directly to injuries such as carpal-tunnel syndrome. It is also involved in injuries attributed to compensatory patterns and to unnecessary restrictions of career functioning. Injuries can be avoided or sometimes repaired by redesigning tools and work patterns rather than through surgical or medical means. The mass manufacture of one-size-fits-all tools violates existing individual differences in the hand and what is natural to it. The artist within us is repressed to the extent that we lose touch with the tools, media, and performance patterns of our work. This loss makes us less professional and places our hands at risk for damage. PMID:18303710

Markison, Robert E

2007-01-01

163

PPTA Donor History Questionnaire Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA's “Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

164

Gender in Spanish Daily Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the portrayal of women and men in a Spanish daily newspaper and to find whether there\\u000a were gender differences among the authors of the articles in said newspaper. A content analysis was conducted of 4,060 articles\\u000a and advertisements from 24 issues of a randomly selected, large-circulation, Spanish newspaper. Men were found to

M. Pilar Matud; Carmen Rodríguez; Inmaculada Espinosa

2011-01-01

165

[Hand injuries in children].  

PubMed

The hand is one of the most commonly injured locations in children. In the young child, the ignorance of dangers may explain this frequency. In the older child, hand trauma is usually secondary to recreational sports. Most hand injuries in children are treated nonoperatively because of high remodeling potential. Surgical treatments are mandatory in case of open or unstable fracture, displaced intraarticular fractures and displaced phalangeal neck fractures. In phalangeal neck fractures, percutaneous treatment should be preferred. Finger stiffness and non-union are uncommon and are usually in relation with skin or vascular involvement. In case of physis fracture, clinical and radiological follow-up should monitor any growth problems. PMID:23522978

Fitoussi, F

2013-03-16

166

A Spanish Language Module in a First-Year Pharmaceutical Care Laboratory Course  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess the impact of incorporating Spanish language lectures and activities in a required Pharmaceutical Care Laboratory course on first-year doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students’ perceptions of and comfort level with Spanish-speaking patients and basic knowledge of Spanish pharmacy terms. Design. The 6-week module consisted of attendance at a 1-hour lecture on medical Spanish and Hispanic culture, and completion of 4 small-group activities: drug and product information, patient information, counseling and side effects, and a written scenario that involved filling a prescription for and counseling a Spanish-speaking patient. Assessment. All students enrolled in the Pharmaceutical Care Laboratory course in fall 2008 (153) and fall 2009 (152) completed a pre- and post-intervention questionnaire (100% response rate). Less than 4% of students considered themselves fluent in Spanish prior to participating in the Spanish language module. Students agreed or strongly agreed that it was important for pharmacists to be able to translate common pharmacy label instructions from English to Spanish (89.8%) and Spanish to English (73.8%). Student-reported confidence in their ability to pronounce common pharmacy and medical terms in Spanish significantly increased, as did their ability to correctly interpret pharmacy label instructions. Conclusions. While incorporation of a Spanish language module in a first-year Pharmaceutical Care Laboratory course did not result in students achieving fluency in Spanish, it was a beneficial method of exposing students to Spanish language and culture.

Scolaro, Kelly L.

2012-01-01

167

Spanish language translation of pelvic floor disorders instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to translate existing measures of pelvic symptoms and quality of life from English into Spanish,\\u000a facilitating research participation of Hispanic\\/Latina women. The forward–backward translation protocol was applied then adjudicated\\u000a by a concordance committee. The measures included the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire\\u000a (PFIQ), Medical, Epidemiological, and Social Aspects of Aging

Amy E. Young; Paul M. Fine; Rebecca McCrery; Patricia A. Wren; Holly E. Richter; Linda Brubaker; Morton B. Brown; Anne M. Weber

2007-01-01

168

Spanish children's diet: compliance with nutrient and food intake guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the diet of Spanish children against the nutrient and food intake guidelines. To calculate an index of overall diet quality and check its validity against nutrient intake.Design and setting: Cross-sectional study in four cities in Spain, where information on food and nutrient intake was obtained from schoolchildren through a food frequency questionnaire.Participants: The sample included 1112 children

M A Royo-Bordonada; L Gorgojo; J M Martín-Moreno; C Garcés; F Rodríguez-Artalejo; M Benavente; A Mangas; M de Oya

2003-01-01

169

Sodium Acetate Hand Warmers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, sodium acetate hand warmers are used to introduce learners to supersaturated solutions, crystallization, and exothermic reactions. This activity guide includes background information, extension ideas, and resources.

Johnson, Jill

2006-01-01

170

Hands in Systemic Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... fingers) has also been linked to diabetes mellitus. Thomas R. Boyce, MD Clinical Assoc. Professor Dept. of ... Copyright 2006 from "Hands in Systemic Diseases" by Thomas R. Boyce, MD. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/ ...

171

Hand and Wrist Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

... The 2nd most common hand tumor is a giant cell tumor of tendon sheath . Unlike the fluid- ... tendon sheath that stimulates abnormal growth. Figure 1: Giant Cell Tendon Sheath Tumor of the Thumb Another ...

172

Hands-On Astrophysics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hands-On Astrophysics is a flexible set of hands-on educational materials, activities, and investigations. These materials are based on the AAVSO's unique electronic database of variable star measurements. Students will be able to experience the excitement of doing real science with real data--making new measurements and new discoveries. By carrying out all aspects of the research process, they can develop and integrate skills in science, math, computing, and other areas.

2007-09-21

173

Hands On The Land  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hands On The Land (HOL) is a national network of field classrooms linking students, teachers, and parents to their public lands. Through the HOL network, Federal agencies are providing a diverse array of hands-on learning opportunities for teachers and students. In addition to the field activities at each site, teachers and students are learning from each other through the HOL website, which allows teachers and students to share information and learn about their local ecosystems.

174

Metacarpal sexual determination in a Spanish population.  

PubMed

Anthropologists and forensic pathologist determine the sex of skeletons by analyzing quantitative and qualitative characters in the bone remains. Generally, the skull and os coxae are the elements most used, but they are not always preserved. In such cases, the investigator needs to have available other techniques based on different remains. The aim of the present work is to develop and describe discriminating functions for sex determination in a recent Spanish population using metacarpal morphology. A sample of bones corresponding to a contemporary Spanish population deposited at the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) was analyzed. This sample comprised 697 metacarpals, corresponding to 79 adult individuals (37 men and 42 women). These allowed us to obtain 120 unifactorial discriminant functions. We selected the 10 equations, one for each metacarpal from both hands, that provided the best sexual discrimination. The correct sex classification rank progressed from 81%, for right (R) metacarpals IV and V, to 91%, for left (L) metacarpal II. The results suggest that metacarpals are structures that can be used for sex determination in paleoanthropological and forensic identifications. PMID:17018074

Barrio, Pedro A; Trancho, Gonzalo J; Sánchez, José A

2006-09-01

175

The geriatric hand: correlation of hand-muscle function and activity restriction in elderly.  

PubMed

On the basis of the importance of hand manipulation in activities of daily living (ADL), deterioration of hand function because of various factors reduces quality and independence of life of the geriatric population. The aim of this study was to identify age-induced changes in manual function and to quantify the correlations between hand-muscle function and activity restriction in the geriatric age group, through grip and pinch measurements and a set of questionnaires. Twenty-four geriatric (aged 65-79 years) volunteers participated in the study. Bilateral grip and pinch strengths have been recorded. To document impairment of manual functions, self-estimated hand function, Duruöz and Dreiser hand indices, Geriatrics-Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale (GERI-AIMS) manual dexterity questionnaires have been completed. Activity restriction and quality of life of these patients were inquired with short form (SF)-36 and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scores. Grip and pinch strengths correlated best with Duruöz and Dreiser indices. Similarly, SF-36 and IADL had higher correlation coefficients for Duruöz and Dreiser indices. A very good correlation between IADL and SF-36 was calculated too. Male and female participants revealed statistically significant differences for grip and pinch strengths as well as self-estimated hand function and SF-36. Another result was that none of our parameters, including grip strength and SF-36 had differed significantly between the 65-70 and 70-79 years age subgroups. However, grip strength displayed statistically significant lower values when compared with young adult mean values of a previous study. Our data in this study support the hypothesis that hand-muscle function correlates with functional dependency in the elderly. Manual function can be determined by grip strength in addition to multiple available functional tools. In this study, Dreiser and Duruöz hand function indices were the best to correlate with ADL and quality of life. PMID:19293723

Incel, Nurgul Arinci; Sezgin, Melek; As, Ismet; Cimen, Ozlem Bolgen; Sahin, Gunsah

2009-09-01

176

A hand-ergonomics training kit: development and evaluation of a package to support improved awareness and critical thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

A need for a hand-ergonomics training kit has been identified to increase critical thinking concerning choice of hand tools. This study deals with the design, use and evaluation of a hand-ergonomics training kit for use in ergonomics training programmes. The effects on awareness of hand ergonomics among training course participants have been evaluated by means of a questionnaire and interviews

Karin Garmer; Lena Sperling; Anette Forsberg

2002-01-01

177

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

178

Highlights of Spanish Astrophysics III  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This volume documents the contributions presented at the 5th Scientific Meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society (SEA). Covering a wide range of topics, the 154 contributed papers give a comprehensive overview of the current state of Spanish astronomy. The Proceedings include special reviews by Dr. V. Trimble and other experts dealing with the astronomical highlights of the last decade, the future of astronomical instrumentation, the scenarios of stellar evolution, the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, the intergalactic medium, the ionized interstellar medium in spiral galaxies and the substellar domain in star clusters. The contents of these proceedings thus reflect the broad interests of the Spanish astronomical community. This book is recommended to professional astronomers and astronomy graduate students worldwide.

Gallego, J.; Zamorano, J.; Cardiel, N.

2003-09-01

179

Mechanical hands illustrated  

SciTech Connect

In the field of robotics, considerable effort is devoted to the development of effective multiple prehension manipulator systems. Most of these efforts have been directed toward attempts to duplicate certain functions of the human hand for industrial and medical applications. The human hand is an intricate and complex system capable of a multitude of sensory and actuation functions. It has approximately 20 degrees of freedom controlled by a large number of muscles compared to only 7 degrees of freedom for the arm and wrist. Since the primary function of a mechanical hand is to grasp or pinch different objects, not all the degrees of freedom are necessary for every robot or prosthetic device. Most practical tasks for manipulators have their special requirements and constraints which influence the design of their end effector. Consequently various hand configurations have to be designed to effectively provide the required functions for a particular application without additional complexity. The control of these functions is accomplished by suitable actuators. Miniature touch and pressure sensors which can be as small as 3 mm in size are used to control the grip. This book discusses the knowledge base in the field of robotics. It provides an excellent compilation of photographs, scaled drawings, and source material for a wide variety of mechanical hands for the user to choose from.

Kato, I.; Sadamoto, K.

1987-01-01

180

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

181

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

182

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

183

Summary of Supplier Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire was sent to over two hundred suppliers of EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) related equipment and services to ask those suppliers to comment on six basic issues of concern to the industry. They are: competition, reliability, security, consum...

1976-01-01

184

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)|

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

185

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found

186

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = * Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found 1 question

187

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Months Interval = Year Your search

188

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work or Work/Home Your

189

Fundamental issues in questionnaire design.  

PubMed

The questionnaire is probably the most common form of data collection tool used in nursing research. There is a misconception that anyone with a clear grasp of English and a modicum of common sense can design an effective questionnaire. Contrary to such common belief, this article will demonstrate that questionnaire design is a complex and time consuming process, but a necessary labour to ensure valid and reliable data is collected. In addition, meticulous construction is more likely to yield data that can be utilized in the pursuit of objective, quantitative and generalizable truths, upon which practice and policy decisions can be formulated. This article examines a myriad of fundamental issues surrounding questionnaire design, which encompass question wording, question order, presentation, administration and data collection, amongst other issues. PMID:10693384

Murray, P

1999-07-01

190

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

191

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

192

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

193

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

194

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

195

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

196

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

197

Knowledge and positions on bioethical dilemmas in a sample of Spanish nursing students: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

This study, performed in Madrid, Spain, evaluates nursing students' understanding and attitudes about bioethical dilemmas that they will likely confront as health care providers. We asked 86 juniors in the King Juan Carlos University Nursing baccalaureate program about their knowledge of and personal attitudes on five biomedical advances: eugenics, experimentation with unimplanted embryos, human cloning, abortion, and euthanasia. Students reported being most knowledgeable about abortion and euthanasia and least familiar with eugenics. Examining the data for a correlation between the two phenomenon (knowledge and position) with respect to each of these five biomedical issues, the students reported significantly Conversely, they held significantly neutral positions on eugenics, a virtually unfamiliar topic for them (r = 0.618, p < 0.0001). The data also revealed a significantly direct correlation between knowledge and position for experimentation with non-implanted embryos (correlation coefficient = 0.380, p < 0.0001), that is, little knowledge and neutral attitudes. The trend findings for abortion and cloning were not significant. Based on these data, we concluded that the nursing program would benefit from additional biomedical curriculum. PMID:21854234

Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Palacios Ceña, Domingo; Fuentes, Paloma Salvadores

198

Paediatric hand fractures.  

PubMed

This retrospective study reviews the demographics, morphology and management of paediatric hand fractures. Notes of all children with hand injuries attending a plastic surgery paediatric trauma clinic over a one-year period were reviewed. Non-bony injuries were excluded. A total of 303 fractures in 283 patients were included. Fracture incidence rose after the age of seven, peaking at 14 years of age; 76% of fractures occurred in males. Sporting injuries accounted for 47% of fractures. Physeal fractures were present in 39% of cases. Open fractures accounted for only 4% of all fractures. Management was primarily conservative. Only 5% of cases required surgical fixation; 6% of patients experienced complications. PMID:23340758

Young, K; Greenwood, A; Macquillan, A; Lee, S; Wilson, S

2013-01-22

199

Spanish and Portuguese Online Cataloging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing backlogs demand effective use of online databases. This study suggests a pattern of availability of Spanish and Portuguese language records on RLIN and OCLC, which can be used systematically by the cataloger in order to strategically move or eliminate a large backlog. An analysis of online search hit-rates suggested that items not cataloged for fifteen months after receipt, will

Christiane Erbolato-Ramsey; Mark L. Glover

1994-01-01

200

Spanglish: An Anglicized Spanish Dialect  

Microsoft Academic Search

The blend between Spanish and English found in Hispanic or Latino communities in the United States is usually known as “Spanglish.” It is suggested that Spanglish represents the most important contemporary linguistic phenomenon in the United States that has barely been approached from a linguistic point of view. Spanglish may be interpreted in different ways: as a pidgin, a Creole

Alfredo Ardila

2005-01-01

201

Spanish Sign in the Americas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spanish Sign Language (SSL) is now the second most used sign language. This article introduces resources for the study of SSL, including three SSL dictionaries--two from Argentina and one from Puerto Rico. Differences in SSL between and within the two countries are noted. Implications for deaf educators in North America are drawn. (Author/DB)|

Schein, Jerome D.

1995-01-01

202

Spanglish: An Anglicized Spanish Dialect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The blend between Spanish and English found in Hispanic or Latino communities in the United States is usually known as "Spanglish." It is suggested that Spanglish represents the most important contemporary linguistic phenomenon in the United States that has barely been approached from a linguistic point of view. Spanglish may be interpreted in…

Ardila, Alfredo

2005-01-01

203

Flight Delays in Spanish Airports  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the duration of flight delays at Spanish airports. To do so, several hazard models are adopted to take into account the delays observed. The results show that the most important factors are certain airport characteristics and contextual characteristics. The policy implications are derived.

Carlos Pestana Barros; Ester Gutiérrez; Sebastián Lozano

2008-01-01

204

Processing Controlled PROs in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments were carried out to investigate the processing of the empty category PRO and the time-course of this in Spanish. Eye movements were recorded while participants read sentences in which a matrix clause was followed by a subordinate infinitival clause, so that the subject or the object of the main clause could act as controller of…

Betancort, Moises; Carreiras, Manuel; Acuna-Farina, Carlos

2006-01-01

205

Bibliography of Spanish Teaching Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide for teachers to books, tapes, instructional aids, and materials on Spain and Latin America is classified into 10 major sections. They include: (1) courses, (2) drills and exercises, (3) reference grammars, (4) prose, translation, and composition, (5) linguistic aspects of Spanish, (6) readers, (7) periodicals, (8) dictionaries and…

Sharples, Hedley, Comp.

206

Spanish Aid in Clinical Dietetics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to aid dietitians, nutritionists, and other health professionals to better serve the nutritional needs of Hispanics, this bilingual booklet describes the different cultural eating habits of Mexican, Cuban, and Puerto Rican Americans, with in-depth description of Mexican Americans. Written in Spanish and English, the booklet includes…

Bringas, Juliet G.; Chan, Teresa Y.

207

The Spanish TV satellite project  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a view to introducing direct TV broadcasting by satellite in Spain, RTVE has entrusted to INTA (National Institute for Aerospace Technology) in November 1982, the task of writing the initial sketch of a project for the Spanish TV satellite. The works carried out hitherto and the technological features of the project, within the allocations to Spain from the Geneva

J. L. Tejerina

1984-01-01

208

Environmental Influences in Hand Preference: An African Point of View  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to examine further the role of cultural and environmental factors in human manual preference, two surveys were undertaken in students from Ivory Coast and Sudan. In the first study (Abidjan, Ivory Coast) 382 secondary students, ages 12 to 22, answered a 20-item manual preference questionnaire. The observed frequency of left-hand preference was 7.9%, with very low left-hand use

Maria De Agostini; Amar Hassan Khamis; Ama Marthe Ahui; Georges Dellatolas

1997-01-01

209

Hand Held Imaging Spectrometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A small hand held, battery operated imaging infrared spectrometer, Sherlock, has been developed by Pacific Advanced Technology. The Sherlock spectral imaging camera has been designed for remote gas leak detection, however, the architecture of the camera is versatile enough that it can be applied to numerous other applications such as homeland security, chemical\\/biological agent detection, medical and pharmaceutical applications, as

Michele Hinnrichs

2002-01-01

210

Moving Hands, Moving Entities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigated with a priming paradigm whether uni and bimanual actions presented as primes differently affected language processing. Animals' (self-moving entities) and plants' (not self-moving entities) names were used as targets. As prime we used grasping hands, presented both as static images and videos. The results showed an…

Setti, Annalisa; Borghi, Anna M.; Tessari, Alessia

2009-01-01

211

The Mechanized Hand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the time of cosmic flight, the cosmonaut is exposed to much greater over-loads. In such conditions, it is difficult to control the cosmic ship with the aid of manual control, because it is necessary to overcome the additional weight of the hands, creat...

1965-01-01

212

Hand and Finger Exercises  

MedlinePLUS

... University Wexner Medical Center - Upon request all patient education handouts are available in other formats for people with special hearing, vision and language needs, call (614) 293-3191. Hand and Finger Exercises ? Place your palm flat on a table. Raise and lower your fingers one ...

213

Surgical Robot Hand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has been shown how a surgical robot hand can be made with shape memory elements to act as driving motors. Fundamental test have been performed to give information on the shape memory elements. These have been evaluated for their use as actuators. A vid...

I. W. Daum

1995-01-01

214

Hands-On Hydrology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A professional school and university collaboration enables elementary students and their teachers to explore hydrology concepts and realize the beneficial functions of wetlands. Hands-on experiences involve young students in determining water quality at field sites after laying the groundwork with activities related to the hydrologic cycle,…

Mathews, Catherine E.; Monroe, Louise Nelson

2004-01-01

215

Hand held radiation detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hand-held radiation detector is described for measuring localized radiation at extremely low levels, the detector comprising: a housing including two peripherally engaged, axially extending, tubular members, one of the members being entirely insulative, the other of the members being metallic; a radiation window at one end of the metallic tubular member, the window including a metallic portion in electrical

Wijangco

1984-01-01

216

Hands-on Humidity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents five hands-on activities that allow students to detect, measure, reduce, and eliminate moisture. Students make a humidity detector and a hygrometer, examine the effects of moisture on different substances, calculate the percent of water in a given food, and examine the absorption potential of different desiccants. (MDH)

Pankiewicz, Philip R.

1992-01-01

217

Mechanical cornpicker hand injuries.  

PubMed

Mechanical cornpicker hand injuries are not frequent in comparison to general hand trauma, but they have a specific mechanism of occurrence and are very severe. This investigation included 221 hand injuries. The sex distribution shows a general male dominance (85.25%) in their active age (84.44%). These are, seasonal injuries mostly occurring in October (75.11%). By type of injuries, mutilating crush injuries are most frequent (64.25%). After completing the treatment, in most cases the functional result were estimated as bad (50.68%). Data concerning education and trainig for operating agricultural machines (96.38%--patients without training) and carrying out safety measures (63.35% of injured patients did not apply any protection measures) are devastating. The number of these injuries, as well as consequent permanent disabilities, may be considerably reduced by preventive measures, inclulding public health services and media. Use of contempoarary agricultural machinery, as well as obligatory training for operating these machines and application of protective measures, may also reduce the incidence of hand injuries during corn picking. PMID:16526250

Momcilovi?, Dragan; Prokes, Bela; Janji?, Zlata

218

Hot hands and equilibrium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past literature suggests that success rates in professional basketball are independent of past performance and this has been interpreted as evidence that the commonly shared belief in Hot Hands (HH) is a cognitive illusion. This is often cited as evidence of biased decision making, even when financial stakes are high. We argue that this interpretation ignores changes in both teams’

Gil Aharoni; Oded H. Sarig

2011-01-01

219

Hot hands and equilibrium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past literature suggests that success rates in professional basketball are independent of past performance and this has been interpreted as evidence that the commonly shared belief in Hot Hands (HH) is a cognitive illusion. This is often cited as evidence of biased decision making, even when financial stakes are high. We argue that this interpretation ignores changes in both teams’

Gil Aharoni; Oded H. Sarig

2012-01-01

220

Hands-On Hydrology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A professional school and university collaboration enables elementary students and their teachers to explore hydrology concepts and realize the beneficial functions of wetlands. Hands-on experiences involve young students in determining water quality at field sites after laying the groundwork with activities related to the hydrologic cycle,…

Mathews, Catherine E.; Monroe, Louise Nelson

2004-01-01

221

Spanish Experience in Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The Spanish Ministry of Health commissioned the Galician Agency for Health Technology Assessment to monitor and follow-up Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI) used to treat chondral lesions of the knee in Spain. The objective of this monitoring was to assess efficacy and safety of the technique. Design: One-hundred and eleven consecutive patients with knee chondral lesions were included in a multi-center study between January 2001 and January 2005. ACI was used in these patients as a second-line treatment option (or a first-line treatment option if the cause was Osteocondritis dissecans). The Cincinnati score and the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire were used to assess the patients’ self-reported satisfaction with the outcomes of ACI. A descriptive analysis was performed and non-parametric tests were used to establish correlations and compare results among subgroups. A multivariate analysis was also performed to measure the effect of different variables on changes in the condition of the knee. Results: Eighty men (72%) and 31 women (21%) with an age range from 16 to 49 years, underwent ACI surgery. Among these subjects, the most common previous first-line treatment was debridement (64 individuals, 74.4%). The mean size of the lesion treated with ACI was 3.82 cm2, and the most frequent location of the lesion was the inner femoral condyle (53.6%). The patient satisfaction was high or very high in 36 subjects (66.7%). Overall knee joint assessment improved from 4.32 points to 6.78. All SF-36 questionnaire categories improved, notably those related to physical condition. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that ACI is safe; however, further studies are mandated to assess the efficacy of ACI compared to alternative treatment options.

Perez-Cachafeiro, Santiago; Ruano-Ravina, Alberto; Couceiro-Follente, Jose; Benedi-Alcaine, Jose Antonio; Nebot-Sanchis, Ignacio; Casquete-Roman, Ciriaco; Bello-Prats, Santiago; Couceiro-Sanchez, Gonzalo; Blanco, Francisco J.

2010-01-01

222

Diabetic hand infections.  

PubMed

Compared with the limited experience reported in the literature to date, analysis of the authors' clinical series of hand infections demonstrates that more than one third of the patients are diabetic. This can be attributed to the population of African-Americans in Washington, DC, the high incidence of diabetes in this particular race, and the inherent susceptibility of diabetics to develop an infection of the hand. The most severe infections occur in insulin-dependent diabetic patients or those with chronic renal failure because of protein depletion, poor wound healing, neuropathy, and ischemia. Although a similar spectrum of infections is encountered in diabetic and nondiabetic patients, some characteristic presentations are somewhat unique to the diabetic population. Gram-negative and mixed organism infections are particularly common in diabetic patients. Despite the poor prognosis of diabetic hand infections in general and the unsatisfactory outcome in patients on renal dialysis, most diabetic patients successfully heal following early and appropriate intervention. Early diagnosis and aggressive and adequate surgical drainage and tissue excision or amputation (if indicated) are key principles. The authors have learned that the surgical incision must extend along the entire area of erythema and induration because the infection often is more extensive than suspected both before and during the initial surgery. Observation, local wound care, and the administration of antibiotic agents are not acceptable substitutes for surgical decompression in the diabetic patient with a hand infection. In the subgroup of diabetic patients most prone to develop hand infections (i.e., associated renal dialysis), the surgeon must recognize that ongoing tissue loss is commonplace, repeat wound debridements are required, and an eventual amputation is highly likely. PMID:9884901

Gunther, S F; Gunther, S B

1998-11-01

223

Psychometric properties of Spanish-language adult dental fear measures  

PubMed Central

Background It would be useful to have psychometrically-sound measures of dental fear for Hispanics, who comprise the largest ethnic minority in the United States. We report on the psychometric properties of Spanish-language versions of two common adult measures of dental fear (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, MDAS; Dental Fear Survey, DFS), as well as a measure of fear of dental injections (Needle Survey, NS). Methods Spanish versions of the measures were administered to 213 adults attending Hispanic cultural festivals, 31 students (who took the questionnaire twice, for test-retest reliability), and 100 patients at a dental clinic. We also administered the questionnaire to 136 English-speaking adults at the Hispanic festivals and 58 English-speaking students at the same college where we recruited the Spanish-speaking students, to compare the performance of the English and Spanish measures in the same populations. Results The internal reliabilities of the Spanish MDAS ranged from 0.80 to 0.85. Values for the DFS ranged from 0.92 to 0.96, and values for the NS ranged from 0.92 to 0.94. The test-retest reliabilities (intra-class correlations) for the three measures were 0.69, 0.86, and 0.94 for the MDAS, DFS, and NS, respectively. The three measures showed moderate correlations with one another in all three samples, providing evidence for construct validity. Patients with higher scores on the measures were rated as being more anxious during dental procedures. Similar internal reliabilities and correlations were found in the English-version analyses. The test-retest values were also similar in the English students for the DFS and NS; however, the English test-retest value for the MDAS was better than that found in the Spanish students. Conclusion We found evidence for the internal reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity for the Spanish versions of the three measures, and evidence for the test-retest reliability of the Spanish versions of the DFS and NS.

Coolidge, Trilby; Chambers, Mark A; Garcia, Laura J; Heaton, Lisa J; Coldwell, Susan E

2008-01-01

224

Clinical burden of erosive hand osteoarthritis and its relationship to nodes  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe the clinical burden of erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) of the hand in terms of pain, functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQL) and its relationship to nodal osteoarthritis (OA).MethodsPatients with EOA (n=42) and non-EOA (n=194) of the hand were compared. Pain was assessed with the Australian\\/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN), the Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ) and pain intensity

J. Bijsterbosch; I. Watt; I. Meulenbelt; F. R. Rosendaal; T. W. J. Huizinga; M. Kloppenburg

2010-01-01

225

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

226

Hand washing and diarrhoea in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim  This study aimed to characterize hand washing among 13-year-old adolescents, assessing the association with the occurrence\\u000a of diarrhoea.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Subject and methods  We evaluated 2,036 adolescents enrolled in schools of Porto, Portugal. Information was collected by self-administered questionnaires.\\u000a Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to estimate associations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Male adolescents reported more frequently than female adolescents that they

Abel Gomes; Sílvia Fraga; Elisabete Ramos

227

The challenge of diagnosing focal hand dystonia in musicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose: To most clinicians, medical problems in musicians, par- ticularly those concerning focal hand dystonia, constitute an unfamiliar domain dif- ficult to manage. The latter can importantly influence diagnostics and the course of treatment. The purpose of this study was to enlighten the issue and to identify possible problems in diagnosing musicians cramp within the Spanish medical community.

J. Rosset-Llobeta; V. Candiab; S. Fabregas; D. Dolors

228

Highlights of Spanish Astrophysics VII  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Highlights of Astronomy and Astrophysics VII" contains the Proceedings of the biannual meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society held in Valencia from July 9 to 13, 2012. Over 300 astronomer, both national and international researchers, attended to the conference covering a wide variety of astrophysical topics: Galaxies and Cosmology, The Milky Way and Its Components, Planetary Sciences, Solar Physics, Instrumentation and Computation, and Teaching and Outreach of Astronomy.

Guirado, J. C.; Lara, L. M.; Quilis, V.; Gorgas, J.

2013-05-01

229

Combination hand rejuvenation procedures.  

PubMed

Although the hands age at the same rate as the face, the aging process differs and requires a combination treatment approach for optimal rejuvenation. Photoaging causes epidermal changes such as lentigines, actinic keratoses, fine wrinkles, and crepe-like textural change. Thinning of the dermis and subcutaneous fat occurs as a result of both ultraviolet light exposure and intrinsic aging. This process can lead to a skeletal appearance of the hands, with prominent veins and bulging tendons. The combination approach addresses all of these issues, employing lasers, intense pulsed light devices, fractional devices, fillers, peels, vein sclerotherapy, and an effective at-home skin care program as indicated for individual needs and concerns. PMID:19825471

Shamban, Ava T

230

What Is a Hand Surgeon?  

MedlinePLUS

... Wrist pain Cuts on the fingers and hand Sports injuries to the hand and wrist Creating fingers from toes and other joints The mission of American Society for Surgery of the Hand is to advance the science and practice of hand surgery through education, research ...

231

Coming clean on hand hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Hand hygiene is universally recognized as one of the most effective ways to reduce the cross-transmission of hospital acquired infections. Successful strategies to improve hand hygiene compliance require a baseline knowledge of hand hygiene practices. Methodology: A direct observational method was used to collect data about hand hygiene practices amongst medical doctors by a group of trained medical students

Sarah Chetcuti; Maxine Montefort; Elizabeth Scicluna; Michael Borg

232

Dextrous Robot Hand Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the 4-fingered dextrous robotic hand with 24 degrees-of-freedom (DOF) we have developed. At each finger-tip a 6 DOF force\\/torque sensor is attached to measure contact forces directly. A heterogeneous parallel computing architecture based on transputers is used to implement the proposed grasp controller and the underlying hybrid position\\/force controllers for each finger. Experimental results of

Martin Buss; Hideki Hashimoto

1995-01-01

233

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2009-04-01

234

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

235

Psychosocial impact of malocclusion in Spanish adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the psychosocial impact of malocclusion, determine its relationship with the severity of malocclusion, and assess the influence of gender and social class on this relationship in adolescents. Methods A random sample of 627 Spanish adolescents aged 12 - 15 years underwent intraoral examinations by 3 calibrated examiners (intraexaminer and interexaminer kappa > 0.85) at their schools. Psychosocial impact was measured through a self-rated Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ). The severity of malocclusion was measured by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). Gender and social class were also recorded. Results The total PIDAQ score and those of its 4 subscales, social impact, psychological impact, aesthetic concern, and dental self-confidence, presented significant differences (p ? 0.05 by analysis of variance) and linear relationships with the IOTN grades (p ? 0.05 by linear regression). Stepwise linear regression models showed that the IOTN dental health component was a predictive variable of the total and subscale PIDAQ scores. Neither gender nor social class was an independent predictive variable of this relationship, except the linear model for psychological impact, where gender was a predictive variable. The occlusal conditions responsible for higher PIDAQ scores were increased overjet, impeded eruption, tooth displacement, and increased overbite. Conclusions Malocclusion has a psychological impact in adolescents and this impact increases with the severity of malocclusion. Social class may not influence this association, but the psychological impact seems to be greater among girls.

Bellot-Arcis, Carlos; Montiel-Company, Jose Maria

2013-01-01

236

Pediatric mutilating hand injuries.  

PubMed

Mutilating hand injuries in children are a devastating problem. With aggressive efforts at replantation and revascularization, methodic debridement, timely soft tissue coverage, and early mobilization, however, the results in these unfortunate children can be quite rewarding. The child often does well with the functional aspect of recovery and rehabilitation but will probably hide his or her deformed hand from friends and family. These children generally become more shy and reserved. The parents are the key to rehabilitation. A good relationship between the parent, the physician, and the hand therapist is essential for the best result. Interestingly, the parents who are the most demanding on the staff during the initial emergency period are often the most appreciative parents and their children often achieve the best result. Conscientious parents are the best advocates for their children. Obviously, the prevention of these devastating injuries is much preferable to extraordinary heroic reconstruction. Unfortunately, some injuries are inevitable. It is nearly impossible to create an absolutely hazard-free environment for children. Potential injuries can be avoided, however, simply by keeping hazardous machines and equipment out of the reach of the child and by keeping children out of the potentially dangerous workplace. PMID:12683450

Buncke, Gregory M; Buntic, Rudolf F; Romeo, Oreste

2003-02-01

237

Hand injury from powered wood splitters.  

PubMed

We describe the types of hand injury sustained from powered wood splitters. Information about all patients with such injuries treated at the Department of Hand Surgery, University Hospital, Uppsala, during the period 1995-2001 was collected from their records, and from written questionnaires and telephone interviews. Fourteen of the 131 patients found were below the age of 15. There was no change in the annual injury rate for inpatients. Wedge splitters caused 82% and screw splitters 18% of all injuries. The part of the hand most often injured by screw splitters was the metacarpus and by wedge splitters the index finger. Screw splitters caused palmar perforation, avulsion of the thumb, and shredding injuries. Traumatic amputation and devascularising injuries were also common. Hand injury from powered wood splitters is an important and continuing problem. Most injuries are caused by wedge splitters, injuries caused by screw splitters differ from those caused by wedge splitters. Preventive measures are needed and should include keeping children away from splitters. Further research to facilitate prevention is warranted. PMID:18821448

Lindqvist, Aron; Gerdin, Bengt

2008-01-01

238

Sensorimotor performance asymmetries predict hand selection.  

PubMed

Handedness is most often measured by questionnaires that assess an individual's preference for using a particular hand to perform a variety of tasks. While such assessments have proved reliable, they do not address the underlying neurobehavioral processes that give rise to the choice of which hand to use. Recent research has indicated that handedness is associated with hemispheric specializations for different aspects of sensorimotor performance. We now hypothesize that an individual's choice of which hand to use for a given task should result from an interaction between these underlying neurobehavioral asymmetries with task conditions. We test this hypothesis by manipulating two factors in targeted reaching movements: (1) region of workspace and (2) visual feedback conditions. The first manipulation modified the geometric and dynamic requirements of the task for each arm, whereas the second modified the sensorimotor performance asymmetries, an effect predicted by previous literature. We expected that arm choice would be reflected by an interaction between these factors. Our results indicated that removing visual feedback both improved the relative performance of the non-dominant arm and increased the choice to use this arm for targets near midline, an effect that was enhanced for targets requiring larger movement amplitudes. We explain these findings in the context of the dynamic dominance hypothesis of handedness and discuss their implications for the link between hemispheric asymmetries in neural control and hand preference. PMID:23111126

Przybyla, A; Coelho, C J; Akpinar, S; Kirazci, S; Sainburg, R L

2012-10-27

239

A sensational illusion: vision-touch synaesthesia and the rubber hand paradigm.  

PubMed

For individuals with vision-touch synaesthesia, the sight of touch on another person elicits synaesthetic tactile sensation on the observer's own body. Here we used the traditional rubber hand paradigm (Botvinick and Cohen, 1998) and a no-touch rubber hand paradigm to investigate and to authenticate synaesthetic tactile sensation. In the traditional rubber hand paradigm, the participant views a prosthetic hand being touched by the Examiner while the participant's hand - hidden from view - is also touched by the Examiner. Synchronous stimulation of the prosthetic hand and the participant's hidden hand elicits the rubber hand illusion. It may seem to the participant that she is feeling touch at the location of the viewed prosthetic hand - visual capture of touch, and that the prosthetic hand is the participant's own hand - illusion of ownership. Thus, for participants who experience the traditional rubber hand illusion, tactile sensation on the participant's hidden hand is referred to the prosthetic hand. In our no-touch rubber hand paradigm, the participant views a prosthetic hand being touched by the Examiner but the participant's hand - hidden from view - is not touched by the Examiner. Questionnaire ratings indicated that only individuals with vision-touch synaesthesia experienced the no-touch rubber hand illusion. Thus, synaesthetic tactile sensation on the (untouched) hidden hand was referred to the prosthetic hand. These individuals also demonstrated proprioceptive drift (a change, from baseline, in proprioceptively perceived position) of the hidden hand towards the location of the prosthetic hand, and a pattern of increased proprioceptive drift with increased trial duration (60 sec, 180 sec, 300 sec). The no-touch rubber hand paradigm was an excellent method to authenticate vision-touch synaesthesia because participants were naïve about the rubber hand illusion, and they could not have known how they were expected to perform on either the traditional or the no-touch rubber hand paradigm. PMID:22445446

Aimola Davies, Anne M; White, Rebekah C

2012-01-30

240

Spanish Civil War: The Posters of the Spanish Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the BURN!, a website created by a group of Communications students at the University of California San Diego, the site features twenty-five posters from the Spanish Civil War. Each section is proceeded by a brief historical context and English translations are provided for each poster. Posters are offered as thumbnails for quick downloading. Some sample titles include: "The fascist hordes are trying to invade our land," "All the youth united for Spain," "The boss needs you -- you don't need the boss," and "Light Wages -- Heavy Tanks."

1997-01-01

241

The Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questionnaire is intended to be used with individuals who are experiencing regional pain problems that are af- fecting their performance at work, taking repeated short spells of sickness absence or are currently off work and have been so for up to 12 weeks. There are 21 scored questions concerning attitudes and beliefs, behaviour in response to pain, affect, perception

Grahame Brown

2008-01-01

242

The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated the Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire (HDSQ; Metalsky & Joiner, 1991). The HDSQ is a 32-item self-report measure of eight symptoms posited by L. Abramson, G. Metalsky, and L. Alloy (1989) to comprise a specific subtype of depression—hopelessness depression. Factor analytic results from 435 subjects suggested that: (a) Each of the eight subscales of the HDSQ reflects a distinct symptom

Gerald I. Metalsky; Thomas E. Joiner

1997-01-01

243

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work/Elsewhere or Work/Errands

244

Influenza Vaccination Coverages among Spanish Children, Adults and Health Care Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:  This study aimed at describing influenza vaccination coverage among Spanish children, adults and health care workers (HCWs).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and Methods:  We analyzed 27,791 questionnaires on subjects aged 6 months or over, drawn from the 2003 Spanish National Health Survey. As\\u000a the dependent variable, we took the answer to the question, “Did you (or your child) have a flu shot in the

R. Jiménez-García; V. Hernández-Barrera; P. Carrasco-Garrido; M. J. Sierra-Moros; D. Martinez-Hernandez; A. G. de Miguel

2006-01-01

245

A Look at the Effect of Hand Dominance on Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand dominance or handedness has been associated with a lot of other conditions; in the case of left handedness, most of them deleterious. Left handedness was also thought to adversely affect learning. In this study, self-assessment questionnaires were filled by 606 primary school pupils. Their ages ranged between 6 and 16 years, with a mean age of 11.1 and a

E. Emore; O. A. Ebeye; H. K. Odion-Obomhense; P. S. Igbigbi

2008-01-01

246

Hygienic hand washing among nursing students in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the application status of hand-washing information given within the context of infection control measures in practice areas among nursing students. This descriptive study was conducted with 430 students. A questionnaire was filled out by the students. In the statistical analysis, frequency, percentage, and ?2 values were measured for all the questions in

Sevim Çelik; Sema Koça?l?

2008-01-01

247

Additional psychometric data for the Spanish Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, and psychometric data for a Spanish version of the Revised Dental Beliefs Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Hispanics comprise the largest ethnic minority group in the United States. Previous work with the Spanish Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) yielded good validity, but lower test-retest reliability. We report the performance of the Spanish MDAS in a new sample, as well as the performance of the Spanish Revised Dental Beliefs Survey (R-DBS). Methods One hundred sixty two Spanish-speaking adults attending Spanish-language church services or an Hispanic cultural festival completed questionnaires containing the Spanish MDAS, Spanish R-DBS, and dental attendance questions, and underwent a brief oral examination. Church attendees completed the questionnaire a second time, for test-retest purposes. Results The Spanish MDAS and R-DBS were completed by 156 and 136 adults, respectively. The test-retest reliability of the Spanish MDAS was 0.83 (95% CI = 0.60-0.92). The internal reliability of the Spanish R-DBS was 0.96 (95% CI = 0.94-0.97), and the test-retest reliability was 0.86 (95% CI = 0.64-0.94). The two measures were significantly correlated (Spearman's rho = 0.38, p < 0.001). Participants who do not currently go to a dentist had significantly higher MDAS scores (t = 3.40, df = 106, p = 0.003) as well as significantly higher R-DBS scores (t = 2.21, df = 131, p = 0.029). Participants whose most recent dental visit was for pain or a problem, rather than for a check-up, scored significantly higher on both the MDAS (t = 3.00, df = 106, p = 0.003) and the R-DBS (t = 2.85, df = 92, p = 0.005). Those with high dental fear (MDAS score 19 or greater) were significantly more likely to have severe caries (Chi square = 6.644, df = 2, p = 0.036). Higher scores on the R-DBS were significantly related to having more missing teeth (Spearman's rho = 0.23, p = 0.009). Conclusion In this sample, the test-retest reliability of the Spanish MDAS was higher. The significant relationships between dental attendance and questionnaire scores, as well as the difference in caries severity seen in those with high fear, add to the evidence of this scale's construct validity in Hispanic samples. Our results also provide evidence for the internal and test-retest reliabilities, as well as the construct validity, of the Spanish R-DBS.

2010-01-01

248

The validity of a questionnaire on medicines used in health care practice: comparison of a questionnaire and computerized medical record survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTo assess the effect of sociodemographic characteristics, perceived health, chronic disease, and country of birth on use of medicines and the validity of a questionnaire survey on the use of medicines.MethodsA questionnaire was handed out to all 1776 patients aged 16 years or over who had attended Jordbro Health Center, Haninge municipality, Sweden, during the preceding 6 months (response rate 81%), and

Ahmad Al-Windi

2003-01-01

249

Hand Disinfectant Practice: The Impact of an Education Intervention  

PubMed Central

The primary hypothesis of this study was that a lecture on basic hygiene routines could be associated with an increase in the use of disinfectant for hand hygiene. A secondary hypothesis was that the lecture could positively affect the staff’s knowledge of and attitudes toward basic hygiene routines. A quasi-experimental design including one ward of the department of orthopedics in a Swedish university hospital was adopted. During the pre-intervention test period the consumption of hand disinfectant was measured for 30 days and a questionnaire was distributed to all staff. The hospital hygiene nurse subsequently provided a lecture on basic hygiene routines to all employees on the ward. During the post-intervention test period the hand disinfectant consumption was measured for another 30 days, and the questionnaire was distributed once again. A follow-up measurement was performed 9 months after the intervention. After the lecture on hygiene routines, the consumption of hand disinfectant increased by 93%. Nine months after the intervention, the consumption was still 21% higher than before the intervention. The result of the questionnaire showed that the employees considered themselves applying the disinfectant more thoroughly after the intervention. Some employees changed their perspective on basic hygiene routines after the lecture and stopped using watches and private clothes at work. Our findings suggest that a single education session, a hygiene lecture, could be a simple and cost-effective method to increase the use of hand disinfectant, thereby reducing the number of nosocomial infections on the wards.

Sjoberg, Maria; Eriksson, Mats

2010-01-01

250

Hands-on-Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hands-On Universe (HOU)is "an educational program that enables students to investigate the Universe while applying tools and concepts from science, math, and technology." HOU participants use the Internet to request observations from an automated telescope and then download those images from a large image archive so they can analyze them using image processing software. Membership and complete teaching packages must be purchased, but several images and activities are posted online for anyone to access. For example, the Teacher section includes a section on HOU Activities & Lesson Plans Online, which offers several activities and online resources that connect astronomy and mathematics.

251

A Look at the Effect of Hand Dominance on Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hand dominance or handedness has been associated with a lot of other conditions; in the case of left handedness, most of them deleterious. Left handedness was also thought to adversely affect learning. In this study, self-assessment questionnaires were filled by 606 primary school pupils. Their ages ranged between 6 and 16 years, with a mean age of 11.1 and a mode of 12 years. The questionnaires were analysed using Chi-square test on SPSS. The handedness of the respondents was associated with learning, using their graded performance in class. There were 537 (94.9%) right-handers, thirty (5.1%) non-right handed children. A significant proportion of the non-right handed respondents performed above their class average. Handedness was thus found to significantly affect learning (p< 0.05).

Emore, E.; Ebeye, O. A.; Odion-Obomhense, H. K.; Igbigbi, P. S.

252

Self-reported cold sensitivity in normal subjects and in patients with traumatic hand injuries or hand-arm vibration syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Cold sensitivity is a common and disabling complaint following hand injuries. The main purpose of this study was to describe self-reported consequences of cold sensitivity and the association with disability and health-related quality of life in patients with hand injuries or hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) and in normal subjects. METHODS: Responses to the Cold Intolerance Symptom Severity (CISS) questionnaire,

Ingela K Carlsson; Birgitta Rosén; Lars B Dahlin

2010-01-01

253

Hands Up: Attentional Prioritization of Space Near the Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored whether hand location affected spatial attention. The authors used a visual covert-orienting paradigm to examine whether spatial attention mechanisms—location prioritization and shifting attention—were supported by bimodal, hand-centered representations of space. Placing 1 hand next to a target location, participants detected visual targets following highly predictive visual cues. There was no a priori reason for the hand to

Catherine L. Reed; Jefferson D. Grubb; Cleophus Steele

2006-01-01

254

The German-Spanish connection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cooperation between West Germany and Spain in the field of observational astronomy is discussed, with particular attention given to the newly operational German-Spanish Astronomical Center atop Calar Alto, Spain. The history of German and Spanish observational astronomy is briefly indicated as motivation for the joint venture, and the construction of the Calar Alto observatory, a branch of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, is outlined. The Center's instruments consist of the operational 1.2-m reflector employing an aplanatic Ritchey-Chretien system and a two-element field corrector, the 2.2-m reflector again with a Ritchey-Chretien optical system with field corrector however using a four-mirror coude arrangement, and a 3.5-m reflector under construction. Current objects of research include the bipolar H II region S 106, and extragalactic objects such as BL Lac objects, quasars and active galaxies. Organizational and operational aspects of the Center and the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy are also outlined.

Robinson, L. J.

1980-04-01

255

The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language characteristics that reflect the phenotypic expression\\u000a of the genetic liability to autism, in non-autistic relatives of autistic individuals. These characteristics are milder but\\u000a qualitatively similar to the defining features of autism. A new instrument designed to measure the BAP in adults, the Broad\\u000a Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), was

Robert S. E. Hurley; Molly Losh; Morgan Parlier; J. Steven Reznick; Joseph Piven

2007-01-01

256

Mothers misunderstand questions on a feeding questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feeding questionnaires have not consistently identified mothers' beliefs or behaviors associated with preschool children becoming overweight. One reason may be that mothers do not understand the constructs in the questions in the way intended by the developers of the questionnaire. This study assessed items on the Preschooler Feeding Questionnaire (PFQ)—a maternal questionnaire about feeding practices and beliefs relating to the

Anjali Jain; Susan N. Sherman; Leigh A. Chamberlin; Robert C. Whitaker

2004-01-01

257

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: electrolytes.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual tradition at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time using audience response devices with the answers of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best-answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (the authors). The correct and incorrect answers then were briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article tries to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580788

Palmer, Biff F; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

258

DLR hand II: experiments and experience with an anthropomorphic hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

At our institute, two generations of antropomorphic hands have been designed. In quite a few experiments and demonstrations we could show the abilities of our hands and gain a lot of experience in what artificial hands can do, what abilities they need and where their limitations lie. In this paper, we would like to give an overview over the experiments

Ch. Borst; M. Fischer; S. Haidacher; H. Liu; G. Hirzinger

2003-01-01

259

DESIGNING A HAND DRYER: HYGIENE AND COMPARATIVE HAND DRYING SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a strong perception that hand drying is an important step in hand washing and in particular, the sanitization process. The next generation of manual, semi automatic and automatic hand drying systems will be heavily influenced by their capability to enhance personal hygiene. The purpose of this study is to develop an understanding of the historical and current research

Arthur Bono; Jia Wang

260

Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between stimuli triggering a hand grasping movement and the subsequent action were studied in normal human participants. Participants were instructed to prepare to grasp a bar, oriented either clockwise or counterclockwise, and to grasp it as fast as possible on presentation of a visual stimulus with their right hand. The visual stimuli were pictures of the right hand

Laila Craighero; Arianna Bello; Luciano Fadiga; Giacomo Rizzolatti

2002-01-01

261

Reproducibility and responsiveness of the Symptom Severity Scale and the hand and finger function subscale of the Dutch arthritis impact measurement scales (Dutch-AIMS2HFF) in primary care patients with wrist or hand problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To determine the clinimetric properties of two questionnaires assessing symptoms (Symptom Severity Scale) and physical functioning (hand and finger function subscale of the AIMS2) in a Dutch primary care population. METHODS: The first 84 participants in a 1-year follow-up study on the diagnosis and prognosis of hand and wrist problems completed the Symptom Severity Scale and the hand and

Marinda N Spies-Dorgelo; Caroline B Terwee; Wim AB Stalman; Daniëlle AWM van der Windt

2006-01-01

262

Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hand-arm vibration symdrome (HAVS) is an occupational disease. The disease is a neurovascular syndrome affecting the victim's hands and fingers with increasingly severe numbness, tingling and an associated decreased functionality of the fingers. The occup...

2012-01-01

263

Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... difficult to find running water. Hand Hygiene Aboard Ships: Good hand hygiene is one of the most critical control strategies in outbreak management on board ships and cruises. Email page link Print page Get ...

264

Surgical anatomy of hand allotransplantation.  

PubMed

The hand is the most refined anatomical terminal device known and the leading edge of the sensorium. Further, the hand is second only to the face in terms of visibility and is a vitally important aspect aesthetic and body image. Hand amputation represents a devastating loss of function and independence. Restoring function after limb loss is a challenge and traditionally includes autologous methods and prosthetics. In the last 15 years, hand transplantation has become a viable option for select patients. PMID:23609942

Carlsen, Brian T; Al-Mufarrej, Faisal; Moran, Steven L

2013-04-22

265

Splinting the rheumatoid hand.  

PubMed

Splinting of the rheumatoid hand is a complex topic. Understanding is assisted by the use of precise terminology and so is accurate prescription. Dynamic and static orthoses can be prescribed for any part of the upper limb to assist function or provide resistance exercise. Orthoses can be valuable in planning surgery and assisting return of function postoperatively. The importance of training in prescription, manufacture, fitting and wearing of orthoses is stressed and careful discussion with the patient is vital. Thermoplastic materials have provided a new spectrum of designs. Spring wire attachments developed at Chessington (Wynn Parry et al, 1970), Odstock (Glanville, 1962) and The London Hospital (Ellis, 1981) have introduced further possibilities. Designs should be functional and must be acceptable to the patient. PMID:6398183

Ellis, M

1984-12-01

266

Biomimetic EMG-prosthesis-hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop a myoelectric prosthetic hand that simulates fundamental dynamic properties of the neuromuscular control system of human hand. In particular, this prosthetic hand mimics the property that both muscle viscoelasticity and gain of the stretch reflex vary linearly with the activity of muscle. Those nonlinear properties of the neuromuscular control system were realized

Kenzo Akazawa; Ryuhei Okuno; Masaki Yoshida

1996-01-01

267

Comparative Anthropometry of the Hand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Comparative anthropometric data on the human hand are presented and discussed in detail in this technical report. Since reliable and definitive data on the hands of the U.S. civilian population are lacking, anthropometric data on the hands of the U.S. mil...

R. M. White

1980-01-01

268

Recognising a hand by grasp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aimed to demonstrate that motor representations are used to recognise biological stimuli. In three experiments subjects were required to judge laterality of hands and forearms presented by pictures. The postures of the hands were those assumed when holding a small, medium and large sphere. In experiment 1, the sphere held in hand was presented, whereas in experiment

Maurizio Gentilucci; Francesca Benuzzi; Luca Bertolani; Elena Daprati; Massimo Gangitano

2000-01-01

269

Spanish Language Health Materials: A Selective Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This selected bibliography, compiled from recommendations by practicing librarians providing service to Spanish-speaking communities, includes Spanish and bilingual Spanish/English materials dealing with health. The topic is broadly defined to include any conditions which affect a person's well-being, and includes alcohol and drugs, consumer…

Trujillo, Roberto G., Ed.; And Others

270

Spanish Language Health Materials: A Selective Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selected bibliography, compiled from recommendations by practicing librarians providing service to Spanish-speaking communities, includes Spanish and bilingual Spanish/English materials dealing with health. The topic is broadly defined to include any conditions which affect a person's well-being, and includes alcohol and drugs, consumer…

Trujillo, Roberto G., Ed.; And Others

271

Isleno Spanish /s/ Variation and Speech Accommodation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pronunciation and use of /s/ in the isleno dialect of Spanish, a dying language spoken in a small ethnic enclave in southeast Louisiana, is examined. Today, there are fewer than 20 fluent speakers of isleno Spanish, which has been described as a fossilized derivative of the speech of Canary Island peasants with additions from Spanish sailors.…

Coles, Felice Anne

272

Subverting Cervantes: Language Authority in Global Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to situate Spanish as a global language by exploring both the top-down institutional processes that promote it and the bottom-up grassroots actions that are also increasingly important in the spread and maintenance of global Spanish. This article argues that one of the most important influences now in the explosion of Spanish

Mar-Molinero, Clare

2008-01-01

273

English Loanwords in Spanish Computer Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contact with the English language, especially from the 20th century onwards, has had as a consequence an increase in the number of words that are borrowed from English into Spanish. This process is particularly noticeable in Spanish for Specific Purposes, and, more specifically, in the case of Spanish computer language. Although sociocultural and…

Cabanillas, Isabel de la Cruz; Martinez, Cristina Tejedor; Prados, Mercedes Diez; Redondo, Esperanza Cerda

2007-01-01

274

Spanish Guide. Kindergarten. Michigan Oral Language Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, designed for use by kindergarten teachers, to teach Spanish to speakers of other languages and to teach standard Spanish to speakers of non-standard Spanish, contains 136 half hour lessons, covering the school year. The completely oral program presents a structured sequence of language learning experiences geared to the children's…

Soriano, Jesse M.; And Others

275

Factors that Motivate High-School Students' Decisions to Study Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on an investigation of high-school students' motivations to study Spanish. An online Likert-scale questionnaire was administered to 631 students and 19 teachers. The most influential factors were determined and a principal axis factor analysis with Promax rotation was performed on the responses. The data indicated that the…

Pratt, Comfort; Agnello, Mary Frances; Santos, Sheryl

2009-01-01

276

Parental Reports of Somatic Symptoms in Preschool Children: Prevalence and Associations in a Spanish Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To document prevalence and associations of somatic symptoms in Spanish preschool children. Method: Subjects were 3- to 5-year-olds attending nurseries (8 urban, 30 rural). Parental questionnaires (response rate 77%) were used to inquire about somatic symptoms in the child in the 2 weeks prior to assessment, about preschool absence and…

Domenech-Llaberia, Edelmira; Jane, Claustre; Canals, Josepa; Ballespi, Sergi; Esparo, Griselda; Garralda, Elena

2004-01-01

277

Don Quixote Meets "Ser" and "Estar": Multiple Perspectives on Language Learning in Spanish Literature Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This multiple case study examines language-focused instruction in 3 university Spanish literature classes to examine the students' and instructors' perspectives on language learning in this context. The classes were studied for a semester through observations, instructor interviews and stimulated recalls, and student questionnaires. Among the…

Polio, Charlene; Zyzik, Eve

2009-01-01

278

Effects of Language Anxiety on Three Proficiency-Level Courses of Spanish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the effects of language anxiety on course achievement in three foreign language proficiency levels of Spanish, namely, beginner, intermediate, and advanced. Participants completed the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986) and a background questionnaire. Results showed that language…

Marcos-Llinas, Monica; Garau, Maria Juan

2009-01-01

279

The Involvement in Sexual Coercive Behaviors of Spanish College Men: Prevalence and Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to know the prevalence of sexual coercion toward women perpetrated by acquaintance Spanish college men, and some personal factors associated with the involvement in these behaviors to replicate the confluence model. An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 196 university students that included an adaptation of the Sexual…

Martin, Antonio Fuertes; Vergeles, Maribel Ramos; Acevedo, Victoria de la Orden; Sanchez, Amaia del; Visa, Susana Lazaro

2005-01-01

280

Compliance with the 2010 Nutritional Objectives for the Spanish Population in the Balearic Islands’ Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To assess compliance with the 2010 nutritional objectives for the Spanish population in the Balearic Islands’ adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional nutrition survey was carried out in adolescents (n = 1,231). Dietary habits were assessed by means of 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour recalls and a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Differences in the percentage of compliers with the 2010 nutritional objectives and

Rosa Llull; Maria del Mar Bibiloni; Elisa Martínez; Antoni Pons; Josep A. Tur

2011-01-01

281

An empirical evaluation of study habits for college courses in French and Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various indices of academic performance were correlated with student reports of study practices. The latter were obtained through use of two similar questionnaires regarding French study habits and Spanish study habits, each including items relating to personal or emotional reactions, knowledge of subject matter, skill and study techniques. Bi-serial correlation coefficients were calculated for the 30 most significant items in

J. R. Wittenborn; R. P. Larsen; R. L. Mogil

1945-01-01

282

Factors that Motivate High-School Students' Decisions to Study Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation of high-school students' motivations to study Spanish. An online Likert-scale questionnaire was administered to 631 students and 19 teachers. The most influential factors were determined and a principal axis factor analysis with Promax rotation was performed on the responses. The data indicated that the…

Pratt, Comfort; Agnello, Mary Frances; Santos, Sheryl

2009-01-01

283

A Helping Hand in Assessing Children's Knowledge: Instructing Adults to Attend to Gesture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spontaneous hand gestures that accompany children's explanations of concepts have been used by trained experimenters to gain insight into children's knowledge. In this article, 3 experiments tested whether it is possible to teach adults who are not trained investigators to comprehend information conveyed through children's hand gestures. In Experiment 1, we used a questionnaire to explore whether adults benefit

Spencer D. Kelly; Melissa Singer; Janna Hicks; Susan Goldin-Meadow

2002-01-01

284

The relationship of movement time to hand–foot laterality patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asymmetries in movement times of the hands in 60 healthy participants with different patterns of hand–foot dominance were investigated. Handedness and footedness were assessed by means of questionnaires and verified by simple motor tasks. Psychomotor performance was evaluated by the use of selected tests from the computerised Vienna Test System (VST, Vienna, Austria). Movement time (MT) was assessed separately for

Dorota Olex-Zarychta; Joachim Raczek

2008-01-01

285

Validation of a Simplified Anorexia Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextAnorexia is a common symptom in cancer and is usually assessed by multiple questions and multidimensional questionnaires. A simplified questionnaire would be less burdensome to patients and abbreviate the process.

Mellar P. Davis; Tugba Yavuzsen; Jordanka Kirkova; Declan Walsh; Matthew Karafa; Susan LeGrand; Ruth Lagman

2009-01-01

286

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire In: Matton L, Wijndaele K, Duvigneaud N, Duquet W, Philippaerts R, Thomis M, Lefevre J. Reliability and validity of the Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire in adults. Res Q Exerc Sport

287

PAQ database: Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

288

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

289

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

290

PAQ database: Techumseh Occupational Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

291

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

292

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers

1992-01-01

293

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire For Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers; David Winemiller; Nancy Heilman; Mary Werle; Tria Murphy; Lydia Cardone

1992-01-01

294

Response Rate Effects of Three Questionnaire Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper compares the response rates of university graduates on the following three formats of a questionnaire: (1) a two-page questionnaire that is to be returned with an accompanying self-addressed stamped envelope; (2) a format using smaller type and condensed format to present the questionnaire items on a single page that is to be returned…

Enger, John M.; And Others

295

Multimodal Hand-Palm Biometrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand geometry based biometric verification has proven to be the most suitable and acceptable biometrics trait for medium and\\u000a low security applications. Hereby a new approach for the personal identification using hand images is presented. Two kinds\\u000a of biometric indicators are extracted from the low-resolution hand images; (i) palmprint features, which are composed of principal\\u000a lines, wrinkles, minutiae, delta points,

Ryszard S. Choras; Michal Choras

2007-01-01

296

On the other hand: Dummy hands and peripersonal space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Where are my hands? The brain can answer this question using sensory information arising from vision, proprioception, or touch. Other sources of information about the position of our hands can be derived from multisensory interactions (or potential interactions) with our close environment, such as when we grasp or avoid objects. The pioneering study of multisensory representations of peripersonal space was

Tamar R. Makin; Nicholas P. Holmes; H. Henrik Ehrsson

2008-01-01

297

Hand Preference and Hand Skill in Children with Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of children (ages 3-5 and 11-13) with autism (n=35), learning disabilities (n=26), or no disabilities (n=90) found that the nondisabled children were more lateralized than others in degree and consistency of handedness. No evidence was found of a dissociation of hand skill and hand preference in children with autism, compared to others.…

Cornish, K. M.; McManus, I. C.

1996-01-01

298

DLR hand II: experiments and experiences with an anthropomorphic hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

At our institute, two generations of antropo- morphic hands have been designed. In quite a few experi- ments and demonstrations we could show the abilities of our hand san dgai n alo to fexperienc ei nwha tartificia lhands can do, what abilities they need and where their limitations lie. In this paper, we would like to give an overview over

Christoph Borst; Max Fischer; Steffen Haidacher; Hong Liu; Gerd Hirzinger

2003-01-01

299

The alien hand syndrome: What makes the alien hand alien?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The alien hand syndrome is a deeply puzzling phenomenon in which brain-damaged patients experience their limb performing seemingly purposeful acts without their intention. Furthermore, the limb may interfere with the actions of their normal limb. We report a case of alien hand syndrome following a left medial frontal and corpus callosum ischemic lesion. From our clinical observations and the patient's

Iftah Biran; Tania Giovannetti; Laurel Buxbaum; Anjan Chatterjee

2006-01-01

300

Hand in Hand: Media Literacy and Internet Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet safety cannot be effectively taught without also teaching media literacy. The two go hand in hand, and both are necessary, but neither is sufficient. To understand why, it is important to first appreciate what the real risks to children are. Many of the early Internet safety programs were based on a fear of predators. Predators turned…

Gallagher, Frank

2011-01-01

301

Subverting Cervantes: Language Authority in Global Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to situate Spanish as a global language by exploring both the top-down institutional processes that promote it and the bottom-up grassroots actions that are also increasingly important in the spread and maintenance of global Spanish. This article argues that one of the most important influences now in the explosion of Spanish worldwide is that of the U.S.

Clare Mar-Molinero

2008-01-01

302

Hands on or hands off the perineum: a survey of care of the perineum in labour (HOOPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and hypothesis  There seems to be a temporal association between increasing use of “hands off” the perineum in labour and reduced use of episiotomy\\u000a with an increasing rate of anal sphincter injuries. We aimed to determine how common the practice of “hands off” the perineum\\u000a is.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  An observational postal questionnaire study of 1,000 midwives in England in which the main

Ruben Trochez; Malcolm Waterfield; Robert M. Freeman

303

Evaluation of the construct validity of the DASH questionnaire by correlation to the SF-36.  

PubMed

The construct validity of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was evaluated by examining its correlation to the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). The study sample was 90 patients seen at the upper-extremity clinic of a university-based orthopedic practice. Patients were asked to complete a packet that included the DASH and SF-36 questionnaires. Pearson correlation coefficients of the DASH questionnaire to the SF-36 subscales ranged from -0.36 to -0.62. The DASH questionnaire had fewer ceiling and floor scores than most of the SF-36 subscales. These results support the DASH questionnaire as a valid measure of health status useful in patients with a wide variety of upper-extremity complaints. PMID:12015732

SooHoo, Nelson Fong; McDonald, Allen P; Seiler, John Gray; McGillivary, Gary R

2002-05-01

304

[Spanish adaptation of the "Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale" for adolescent population].  

PubMed

Problematic use of the mobile telephone is an emerging phenomenon in our society, and one which particularly affects the teenage population. Knowledge from research on the problematic use of this technology is necessary, since such use can give rise to a behavioural pattern with addictive characteristics. There are hardly any scales for measuring possible problematic use of mobile phones, and none at all adapted exclusively for the Spanish adolescent population. The scale most widely used internationally is the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale (MPPUS). The aim of the present study is to adapt the MPPUS for use with Spanish adolescents. The Spanish version of the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 1132 adolescents aged 12 to 18. Reliability and factorial validity were comparable to those obtained in adult population, so that the measure of problematic mobile phone use in Spanish teenagers is one-dimensional. A prevalence of 14.8% of problematic users was detected. PMID:22648315

López-Fernández, Olatz; Honrubia-Serrano, Ma Luisa; Freixa-Blanxart, Montserrat

2012-01-01

305

The Left-Handed Writer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to the beliefs of many, right-handedness is not a single factor existing in almost all people, with a few exceptions termed left-handed: neither extreme exists independently of the other. During the first 4 years of life there is a period of fluctuation between right and left-handed dominance. Statistics and findings vary in determining…

Bloodsworth, James Gaston

306

Hand it to the Animals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, learners examine X-ray images of the "hands" of different animals and then determine the function of each hand from its form. The images are viewed and analyzed with a Web-based customized version of ImageJ.

307

European norms in hand hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the area of hand hygiene, European Norms exist, or are under development, with regard to protective gloves and for assessing the antimicrobial efficacy of hand disinfectants. Important norms for gloves are EN 420 (General requirements), EN 374 (Protective gloves against chemicals and microorganisms) and EN 455 (Medical gloves for single use). A suspension test for the demonstration of bactericidal

M. L Rotter

2004-01-01

308

Hand hygiene and skin health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high rate of hand problems associated with the hand hygiene of medical professions is due to a combination of damaging factors: (1) the removal of barrier lipids by detergent cleaning and alchohol antisepsis followed by a loss of moisturizers and stratum corneum water and (2) the overhydration of the stratum corneum by sweat trapped within gloves. Together the facilitate

E. Kownatzki

2003-01-01

309

Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures.  

PubMed

The relations between stimuli triggering a hand grasping movement and the subsequent action were studied in normal human participants. Participants were instructed to prepare to grasp a bar, oriented either clockwise or counterclockwise, and to grasp it as fast as possible on presentation of a visual stimulus with their right hand. The visual stimuli were pictures of the right hand as seen in a mirror. In Experiment 1, they represented the mirror image of the hand final posture as achieved in grasping the bar oriented either clockwise or counterclockwise. In Experiment 2, in addition to the pictures of Experiment 1, another two pictures, obtained rotating the hands represented in the previous ones of 90 degrees, were also used. Both experiments showed that the reaction times were faster when there was a similarity between hand position as depicted in the triggering visual stimulus and the grasping hand final position, the fastest responses being those where this similarity was the closest. In addition, Experiment 2 showed that reaction times to not rotated stimuli were faster than reaction times to the rotated stimuli, thus excluding a simple stimulus-response compatibility explanation of the findings. The data are interpreted as behavioral evidence that there is a close link between specific visual stimuli and specific motor actions. A neurophysiological model for this visuo-motor link is presented. PMID:11749979

Craighero, Laila; Bello, Arianna; Fadiga, Luciano; Rizzolatti, Giacomo

2002-01-01

310

[New tendencies in hand surgery].  

PubMed

The author summarizes the new therapeutic tendencies in hand surgery at the past one and a half decade. He discusses the development of hand surgery, as an independent field, in a form of a short historical summary, then he reviews in detail new therapeutic methods considered important such as rehabilitation procedures after tendon injuries, present position of complete hand transplantation, new operations of regeneration of the injured skin and repair of nerve damages, as well as the conservative therapeutic options of Dupuytren's disease. Finally he outlines the modified, new operative procedures in bone and joint injuries of the hand. He concludes that constant development of hand surgical knowledge will likely result in further novel therapeutic methods. PMID:23816892

Bíró, Vilmos

2013-07-01

311

Hand transmitted vibrations caused by orbital hand sanding machines.  

PubMed

The paper reports and analyses results of vibration measurement carried out on orbital hand sanding machines. Vibrations were measured on the front and rear handles of the FESTO LRB-W1 and LRB-T1 orbital hand sanding machines and at two points on the holding handle of the FESTO RTL-F1 hand sanding machine. The measured levels of the weighted vibration accelerations were compared to the daily exposure limits according to ISO 5349, ISO/TC 108/SC4/14 and NF E90-402. Daily exposures for each type of sanding machine were determined according to the same standards. PMID:7575142

Goglia, V; Risovi?, S; Beljo, R

1995-03-01

312

The Use of Spanish Surnames as a Means of Identifying Latinos in the United States and Puerto Rico. Professional Paper No. 22-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 1,613 former servicemen with Spanish surnames were examined to evaluate Spanish surname recognition as a means of identifying persons of Latin American birth or ancestry. Questionnaires were mailed to 5,019 servicemen who had: (1) been inductees or enlistees in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps; (2) left active duty in the first 6…

Giesecke, G. Lee

313

Management perception and marketing strategy in export performance : A comparative analysis in Italian and Spanish textile-clothing sector (part 2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This is the second of two papers which examine the Italian and Spanish textile-clothing sector. The purpose of this paper is to focuse on the key factors in the international performance of textile manufacturing companies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In order to compare Spanish and Italian cases, the empirical study used a standardized questionnaire for collecting data. The cases analysed

Rossano Eusebio; Joan Llonch Andreu; M. Pilar López Belbeze

2007-01-01

314

An Investigation of Student Opinions and Educational Experiences in Spanish for the Heritage Speakers at Arizona State University and the University of Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined university students' beliefs about the availability and content of Spanish courses designed for heritage speakers. Subjects were 50 students in three classes at Arizona State University and the University of Arizona, who were administered a questionnaire on student demographics, prior Spanish language instruction or instruction in…

Reber, Theresa; Geeslin, Kimberly

1998-01-01

315

Assessing Time Management Skills as an Important Aspect of Student Learning: The Construction and Evaluation of a Time Management Scale with Spanish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study is to analyse the factorial structure, psychometric properties and predictive capacity for academic achievement of a scale designed to evaluate the time management skills of Spanish high school students. An adaptation of the Time Management Questionnaire was presented to two samples of 350 Spanish high school…

Garcia-Ros, Rafael; Perez-Gonzalez, Francisco; Hinojosa, Eugenia

2004-01-01

316

Antioxidant capacity of the Spanish Mediterranean diet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work was to determine the total dietary antioxidant capacity (TDAC) of the Spanish Mediterranean diet. The antioxidant capacity of plant foods and beverages included in National food consumption data was determined. TDAC of the Spanish diet was estimated at 6014 and 3549?mol trolox equivalents by FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) and ABTS (free radical-scavenging capacity) procedures,

Fulgencio Saura-Calixto; Isabel Goñi

2006-01-01

317

Forms of Address in Chilean Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present investigation examines possible social and linguistic factors that influence forms of address used in Chilean Spanish with various interlocutors. A characteristic of the Spanish of Chile is the use of a variety of forms of address for the second person singular, "tu", "vos", and "usted", with corresponding verb conjugations (Lipski…

Bishop, Kelley; Michnowicz, Jim

2010-01-01

318

Forms of Address in Chilean Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation examines possible social and linguistic factors that influence forms of address used in Chilean Spanish with various interlocutors. A characteristic of the Spanish of Chile is the use of a variety of forms of address for the second person singular, tú, vos, and usted, with corresponding verb conjugations (Lipski 1994). Previous studies have posited that whereas the

Jim Michnowicz; Kelley Bishop

2010-01-01

319

Forms of Address in Chilean Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The present investigation examines possible social and linguistic factors that influence forms of address used in Chilean Spanish with various interlocutors. A characteristic of the Spanish of Chile is the use of a variety of forms of address for the second person singular, tú, vos, and usted, with corresponding verb conjugations (Lipski 1994). Previous studies have posited that whereas the

Jim Michnowicz; Kelley Bishop

2010-01-01

320

Study Guide for TCT in Spanish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study guide is written for individuals preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in Spanish language instruction. It is emphasized that the TCT is designed not only to test the individual's ability in Spanish, but also to examine skill in the teaching of the language. Listed content objectives for the test are: (1)…

Fernandez, Raul

321

Forms of Address in Chilean Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present investigation examines possible social and linguistic factors that influence forms of address used in Chilean Spanish with various interlocutors. A characteristic of the Spanish of Chile is the use of a variety of forms of address for the second person singular, "tu", "vos", and "usted", with corresponding verb conjugations (Lipski…

Bishop, Kelley; Michnowicz, Jim

2010-01-01

322

"Ser" Helps Spanish Speakers Identify "Real" Properties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three experiments examined effects of language on developing knowledge of distinction between real and apparent properties. Found that when Spanish verbs for "to be" -- "Ser" and "Estar" -- were substituted for "is,""Ser" gave the Spanish-speaking and bilingual speakers a unique advantage in distinguishing real and apparent properties because it…

Sera, Maria D.; Bales, Diane W.; del Castillo Pintado, Javier

1997-01-01

323

Verbal Clitics and Object Pronouns in Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents, within the framework of case grammar, an analysis of object pronominalization in Spanish. It begins with a discussion of the derivation of pronouns in general, and proceeds with observations on the structure of object pronouns in Spanish, and with rules for their derivation. Reasons are given for excluding many so-called…

Babcock, Sandra Scharff

324

Commercial Spanish at Eastern Michigan University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The commercial Spanish courses at Eastern Michigan University, examinations in commercial Spanish, and cooperative education exchange programs are described, and the university's new programs that combine the study of foreign language and business are briefly addressed. A six-course sequence offered on the junior, senior, and graduate levels…

Voght, Geoffrey M.

325

Spanish Basic Course: Units 46-55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This final volume in a series of four texts was prepared as an intensive language course in Spanish for Foreign Service Officers and other United States government agencies involved in foreign affairs who need to learn to speak Spanish. This volume differs from the first three primarily in that it is geared to advanced students whose…

Trease, B. David; Ulsh, Jack L.

326

THE SPANISH AMERICANS IN NEW MEXICO.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE SPANISH AMERICANS IN NEW MEXICO ARE UNDERGOING GREAT SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CHANGE. THEIR VILLAGE CULTURE, FORMED IN ISOLATION NEAR IRRIGATED LAND WHICH HAD REMAINED REMARKABLY STABLE FOR SEVERAL HUNDRED YEARS, IS BREAKING DOWN. THE SPANISH AMERICANS ARE LEAVING THEIR VILLAGES AND MIGRATING TO INDUSTRIAL CENTERS. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THIS…

KNOWLTON, CLARK S.

327

Variation in Conversational Discourse: Spanish "Pragmatic Expressions."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on preliminary findings of two research projects conducted during the 1988-89 and 1990-91 in Cordoba, Argentina, that examined fixed, idiomatic, Spanish-language expressions that are very common, but often ignored, in oral Spanish discourse. Study 1 subjects were 13 university-educated, adults, born in the city; study 2 subjects…

Carranza, Isolda

328

How To Learn Spanish the Easy Way.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to learning Spanish is presented in this guide that builds on the similarities of alphabet, structure, and vocabulary between Spanish and English. The first two introductory lessons deal with the similarities and differences of the alphabet and sentence structure, and the third covers important words to memorize, including…

Kampe, Livia

329

Chicago's Spanish-Speaking Population: Selected Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on selected data from the 1970 census, this report provides a general description of Chicago's Spanish-speaking population's: (1) general population characteristics; (2) age and family characteristics; (3) income; (4) labor force characteristics; (5) education; and (6) housing. Using the Census Bureau's definition of Spanish speaking (all…

Chicago Dept. of Development and Planning, IL.

330

Spanish for Agricultural Purposes: The Video Episodes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The transcripts of dialogues from videotape recordings were developed, along with accompanying language laboratory material, as part of a one-semester course in Spanish for North American agriculture specialists preparing to work in Latin America. Included are 48 episodes covering such topics as: working with a local Spanish-speaking counterpart,…

Mainous, Bruce H.; And Others

331

Internationalisation of the Spanish fashion brand Zara  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Research on the internationalisation of retailing has been mainly focused on market entry issues. This paper attempts to examine the internationalisation process from an international marketing perspective using Spanish fashion retailer Zara as a case study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An in-depth case approach was adopted based on extensive secondary research, which includes literature published in English and Spanish as

Carmen Lopez; Ying Fan

2009-01-01

332

Variation in Conversational Discourse: Spanish "Pragmatic Expressions."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on preliminary findings of two research projects conducted during the 1988-89 and 1990-91 in Cordoba, Argentina, that examined fixed, idiomatic, Spanish-language expressions that are very common, but often ignored, in oral Spanish discourse. Study 1 subjects were 13 university-educated, adults, born in the city; study 2…

Carranza, Isolda

333

Career Spanish at Mesa State College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development and results of Career Spanish instruction at Mesa State College in Colorado from 1975 to 1991 are described. The class is an individualized, career-oriented class for students who have only 3 to 6 semester hours available for foreign language study and an interest in particular vocational applications of Spanish. With no…

Pilkenton, David

334

Recent Noteworthy YA Books in Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From an amusing introduction to the human body, to adaptations of some of the world's best-loved literature, to exquisite art books and biographies, to poignantly honest fiction, the recently published books in this annotated bibliography will appeal to Spanish-speaking adolescents (or those who wish to practice their Spanish). (Author)

Schon, Isabel

1999-01-01

335

Noteworthy Books in Spanish for Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists 28 books in Spanish recommended for adolescents and published in 1990-92. Categories include biography, fiction, health, history, poetry, and science. The work of the Center of the Study of Books in Spanish for Children and Adolescents, at the California State University, San Marcos, is also described. (MSE)|

Schon, Isabel

1993-01-01

336

A Marketing Strategy for Spanish for Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a marketing strategy for business Spanish courses by means of situational analysis is described. The planner of marketing strategy must consider demand for a course, institutional acceptance, and financial support. A survey of 508 universities revealed a low level of demand for business Spanish which could potentially be…

Grosse, Christine Uber

337

Teaching Spanish. A Critical Bibliographic Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of Spanish applied linguistics and teaching methodology is designed to provide teachers and researchers with comprehensive descriptions of primary studies in both areas. The categories covered reflect the interests and concerns of teachers of Spanish, and entries were selected on the basis of usefulness as well as…

Frey, Herschel J.

338

Commercial Communication in the Spanish Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college course in commercial Spanish is described. The course objectives are to: build a solid foundation of business and professional vocabulary, grammar, spelling, and punctuation; prepare for oral and written communication with commonly-used Spanish business phrases and terminology; expose students to the different types of written…

Reinhardt-Childers, Ilva

339

Virtual Hand Illusion Induced by Visuomotor Correlations  

PubMed Central

Background Our body schema gives the subjective impression of being highly stable. However, a number of easily-evoked illusions illustrate its remarkable malleability. In the rubber-hand illusion, illusory ownership of a rubber-hand is evoked by synchronous visual and tactile stimulation on a visible rubber arm and on the hidden real arm. Ownership is concurrent with a proprioceptive illusion of displacement of the arm position towards the fake arm. We have previously shown that this illusion of ownership plus the proprioceptive displacement also occurs towards a virtual 3D projection of an arm when the appropriate synchronous visuotactile stimulation is provided. Our objective here was to explore whether these illusions (ownership and proprioceptive displacement) can be induced by only synchronous visuomotor stimulation, in the absence of tactile stimulation. Methodology/Principal Findings To achieve this we used a data-glove that uses sensors transmitting the positions of fingers to a virtually projected hand in the synchronous but not in the asynchronous condition. The illusion of ownership was measured by means of questionnaires. Questions related to ownership gave significantly larger values for the synchronous than for the asynchronous condition. Proprioceptive displacement provided an objective measure of the illusion and had a median value of 3.5 cm difference between the synchronous and asynchronous conditions. In addition, the correlation between the feeling of ownership of the virtual arm and the size of the drift was significant. Conclusions/Significance We conclude that synchrony between visual and proprioceptive information along with motor activity is able to induce an illusion of ownership over a virtual arm. This has implications regarding the brain mechanisms underlying body ownership as well as the use of virtual bodies in therapies and rehabilitation.

Sanchez-Vives, Maria V.; Spanlang, Bernhard; Frisoli, Antonio; Bergamasco, Massimo; Slater, Mel

2010-01-01

340

Hand Skill Asymmetry in Professional Musicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand skill asymmetry on two handedness tasks was examined in consistent right-handed musicians and nonmusicians as well as mixed-handed and consistent left-handed nonmusicians. Musicians, although demonstrating right-hand superiority, revealed a lesser degree of hand skill asymmetry than consistent right-handed nonmusicians. Increased left-hand skill in musicians accounted for their reduced asymmetry. Musicians predominantly playing keyboard instruments demonstrated superior tapping performance than

Lutz Jäncke; Gottfried Schlaug; Helmuth Steinmetz

1997-01-01

341

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

PubMed

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas. PMID:23413104

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Moritz, Steffen; Schwannauer, Matthias; Wiseman, Zoe; Greenwood, Kathryn E; Scott, Jan; Beck, Aaron T; Donaldson, Catherine; Hagen, Roger; Ross, Kerry; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Ison, Rebecca; Williams, Sally; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Garety, Philippa A

2013-02-27

342

[Aims of hand therapy in treatment of rheumatoid hand].  

PubMed

When dealing with rheumatoid arthritis, the main issues of hand therapy are the treatment of hand and finger joints. We emphasize mobilisation of joints, muscle strengthening, correcting deformities by low temperature splints and joint protection. Further tasks of occupational therapy are: Informing patients about adaptive devices and training their use as well as educational programs for patients with reduced mobility of the upper limb. The most common surgery on the rheumatoid hand, that need postoperative treatment by a hand therapist are complete and limited arthrodesis of the wrist, surgical reconstruction of tendons, arthroplasty and arthrodeses of and for finger joints, and so on. At the Nordwestdeutsches Rheumazentrum St. Josef-Stift Sendenhorst we have designed a standard postoperative management for treating arthroplasty with a "Silikonspacer" in the metacarpophalangeal joints. PMID:15744657

Bureck, W

2005-02-01

343

Clockwork: Hands On For Habitat  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Clockwork is "a self directed, theatre-based education package about biological diversity." Produced by Vox Bandicoot in collaboration with the Biodiversity Group (Environment Australia), the Clockwork site offers four sections: Midnight, an introduction to and philosophy of biological diversity, Mainspring, a hands-on lesson in critical concepts about threatened species and habitats, Big Hand and Little Hand, curriculum support material for classroom teachers, and Cog and Spindle, general science and ecological background about Australia. Though depth of content varies, environmental educators will be interested in this fresh and creative approach.

Bandicoot., Vox

1997-01-01

344

[Infrastructure and adherence to hand hygiene: challenges to patient safety].  

PubMed

Considering the importance of hands in the chain of transmission of microorganisms, this observational research investigated the material infrastructure and compliance of hand hygiene in an intensive care unit in the south of Brazil in 2010. The data was collected by direct non-participant observation and through the use of self-administered questionnaires to be completed by the 39 participants, which was analyzed with the assistance of the chi2 Test, descriptive statistics and quantitative discourse analysis. Although health professionals overestimate compliance rates, recognize the practice as relevant to the prevention of infection and refer there are no impeding factors, of the 1,277 opportunities observed, compliance was 26% and significantly lower before patient contact and the use of aseptic procedures than after patient contact: infrastructure was shown to be deficient. The results indicate risk to patient safety, and thus, the planning of corrective actions to promote hand washing is relevant. PMID:24015465

Bathke, Janaína; de Cunico, Priscila Almeida; Maziero, Eliane Cristina Sanches; Cauduro, Fernanda Leticia Frates; Sarquis, Leila Maria Mansano; de Cruz, Elaine Drehmer Almeida

2013-06-01

345

Methods of Teaching Spanish to Non-Native Speakers (Spanish SL). SPA 497 Special Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Programs in Spanish as a second language in the elementary school propose to develop pupils' ability to communicate in Spanish and to interact comfortably within Hispanic culture, particularly bilingual-bicultural speech communities. The Spanish SL teacher should be competent in choosing and implementing techniques and materials for teaching…

Pino, Octavio; Aid, Frances M.

346

Incidence of hand eczema in female Swedish hairdressers  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the occurrence of hand eczema in hairdressers in Sweden. Methods The occurrence of hand eczema was estimated in a Swedish longitudinal retrospective cohort study including all female graduates from vocational schools for hairdressers from 1970 to 1995. A stratified sample from the general population acted as controls. A self?administered questionnaire including questions on the occurrence of hand eczema, skin atopy, working periods and number of hair treatments performed per week was sent to the participants. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of hand eczema were estimated. Results The incidence rate of hand eczema in hairdressers was 23.8 cases/1000 person?years, whereas in hairdressers who were aged <25?years it was 37.1/1000 person?years. The corresponding IRR for hairdressers compared with controls was 2.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2 to 2.8), and that for younger hairdressers was 3.1 (95% CI 2.6 to 3.5). The mean age at onset of hand eczema was 21.6?years for hairdressers and 21.2?years for controls. The 1?year prevalence of hand eczema was 18.0% for hairdressers and 12.1% for controls. A large number of hair treatments involving exposure to skin irritants and sensitisers were reported. The incidence rate of hand eczema was higher among individuals with a history of childhood eczema, both for hairdressers and for controls, giving an (age?adjusted) IRR of 1.9 and 2.2, respectively. The attributable fraction of hand eczema from skin atopy was 9.6%. A synergistic effect of skin atopy and hairdressing was found on the occurrence of hand eczema. The relative excess risk due to interaction was 1.21 (95% CI 0.21 to 2.21; p?=?0.01). Conclusion Hairdressers are highly exposed to skin?damaging substances. The self?reported incidence of hand eczema was substantially higher in female hairdressers than in controls from the general population and than that found previously in register?based studies. For many individuals, onset of hand eczema occurs early in life. Only about 10% of the hand eczema cases among hairdressers would be prevented if no one with skin atopy entered the trade.

Lind, Marie-Louise; Albin, Maria; Brisman, Jonas; Diab, Kerstin Kronholm; Lillienberg, Linnea; Mikoczy, Zoli; Nielsen, Jorn; Rylander, Lars; Toren, Kjell; Meding, Birgitta

2007-01-01

347

A brief questionnaire on metacognition: Psychometric properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Existing questionnaires on personal views of one's own cognitive functioning are either unduly long, restrict their focus on memory, and\\/or capture complaints rather than the general status quo. A brief 9-item questionnaire was developed, assessing metacognition with two subscales covering metamemory and metaconcentration.Methods: The questionnaire was tested in a sample of healthy women (n?=?228) aged 70–93 years, during two

Verena Klusmann; Andrea Evers; Ralf Schwarzer; Isabella Heuser

2011-01-01

348

Eating disorders and body image in Spanish and Mexican female adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To compare the prevalence of eating disorders (ED), socio-cultural risk factors, and body image characteristics in two populations\\u000a of female adolescents, one Mexican and one Spanish, from similar socio-economic backgrounds.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A total of 467 Spanish and 329 Mexican girls aged from 11–12 to 17–18 years were assessed using the Eating Attitude Test-26\\u000a (EAT-26), the CETCA (Eating Disorders Assessment Questionnaire), the CIMEC

Josep Toro; Gilda Gomez-Peresmitré; Joan Sentis; Antoni Vallés; Vanesa Casulà; Josefina Castro; Gisela Pineda; Rodrigo Leon; Silvia Platas; Rosalia Rodriguez

2006-01-01

349

[Validation of EHD self questionnaire in multiple sclerosis].  

PubMed

Depressive Mood Scale (EHD) aims at assessing the various depressive mood dimensions as "blunted affect" and "lack of emotional control". It is an 18 items hetero-evaluation scale. The aim of this study was the validation of an EHD self questionnaire version. Self questionnaire items were generated from genuine scale items. As in the former version, response format was a Lickert 5 point scale. This validation study was carried out on 77 Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. Mood disorders are frequent during the course of MS and might be triggered or worsened by immuno-modulation therapies. Principal Component Analysis (ACP) with Varimax rotation revealed a two factors structure. The first one, corresponding to a "blunted affect" dimension, explained 33.5% of the scale variance and was composed of 7 items. The second one, corresponding to a "lack of emotional control" dimension, explained 20% of total scale variance and was composed of 4 items. The questionnaire internal coherence coefficient (Cronbach alpha) was excellent (=0.87) and the two sub-scales ones were satisfactory [0.89 for "blunted affect" dimension and 0.71 for "lack of emotional control" dimension. The questionnaire's external validity was confirmed by a positive correlation between "lack of control" sub-score and state sub-score of the Stait-Trait Anger eXpression Inventory (STAXI)] (r=0.55, p<0.01). Moreover we found a positive correlation between the total EHD autoquestionnaire score and both sub-scores on the one hand, and the Beck Depression Inventory score on the second hand (EHD/BDI: r=0.76, p<0.01; "lack of emotional control"/BDI: r=0.68, p<0.01; "blunted affect"/BDI: r=0.63, p<0.01). Test-retest reliability was good with a positive correlation between all the initial scores and their retests, a week later. Secondarily, a structural equation modeling analysis confirmed the two-factors structure model suggested by ACP. Various indicators showed a good fit between theoretical variance-covariance matrix and the observed one (chi(2)=41.55, p=0.49, ddl=42, Goodness Fit Index GFI=0.91, Root Mean Square Residual RMSEA=0.00). Thus, we proposed a well validated self questionnaire that allows the assessment of "blunted affect" and "lack of emotional control". It should be challenging to correlate those dimensions with neuro-psycho-logical testing and neuro-imagery, in patients affected by CNS diseases. Moreover, the assessment of those dimensions during interferon treatment in MS could allow a more precise evaluation of the emotional changes potentially induced by immuno-modulatory treatments. PMID:17457294

Radat, F; Lafittau, M; Ouallet, J C; Brochet, B; Jouvent, R

350

Electronic Patient Data Confidentiality Practices Among Surgical Trainees: Questionnaire Study  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION The objective of this work was to evaluate the safeguards implemented by surgical trainees to protect the confidentiality of electronic patient data through a structured questionnaire sent to Northern Ireland surgical trainees. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS A group of 32 basic and higher surgical trainees attending a meeting of the Northern Ireland Association of Surgeons-in-Training were invited to complete a questionnaire regarding their computer use, UK Data Protection Act, 1988 registration and electronic data confidentiality practices. RESULTS Of these 32 trainees, 29 returned completed questionnaires of whom 26 trainees regularly stored sensitive patient data for audit or research purposes on a computer. Only one person was registered under the Data Protection Act, 1988. Of the computers used to store and analyse sensitive data, only 3 of 14 desktops, 8 of 19 laptops and 3 of 14 hand-held computers forced a password logon. Of the 29 trainees, 16 used the same password for all machines, and 25 of 27 passwords were less than 8 characters long. Two respondents declined to reveal details of their secure passwords. Half of all trainees had never adjusted their internet security settings, despite all 14 desktops, 16 of 19 laptops and 5 of 14 hand-helds being routinely connected to the internet. Of the 29 trainees, 28 never encrypted their sensitive data files. Ten trainees had sent unencrypted sensitive patient data over the internet, using a non-secure server. CONCLUSIONS Electronic data confidentiality practices amongst Northern Ireland surgical trainees are unsafe. Simple practical measures to safeguard confidentiality are recommended.

Mole, Damian J; Fox, Colin; Napolitano, Giulio

2006-01-01

351

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Remember the warnings. Statistics. N. ... Remember the warnings. Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

352

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Time spent reading ... Time spent reading food label (seconds). Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

353

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – Time spent reading food label (seconds). Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

354

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Recognize any adverse (bad) reactions. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

355

Neural bases of hand synergies  

PubMed Central

The human hand has so many degrees of freedom that it may seem impossible to control. A potential solution to this problem is “synergy control” which combines dimensionality reduction with great flexibility. With applicability to a wide range of tasks, this has become a very popular concept. In this review, we describe the evolution of the modern concept using studies of kinematic and force synergies in human hand control, neurophysiology of cortical and spinal neurons, and electromyographic (EMG) activity of hand muscles. We go beyond the often purely descriptive usage of synergy by reviewing the organization of the underlying neuronal circuitry in order to propose mechanistic explanations for various observed synergy phenomena. Finally, we propose a theoretical framework to reconcile important and still debated concepts such as the definitions of “fixed” vs. “flexible” synergies and mechanisms underlying the combination of synergies for hand control.

Santello, Marco; Baud-Bovy, Gabriel; Jorntell, Henrik

2013-01-01

356

Replantation (Finger, Hand, or Arm)  

MedlinePLUS

... the surgical reattachment of a finger, hand, or arm that has been completely cut from a person’s ... the replanted part. Generally, the further down the arm the injury occurs, the better the return of ...

357

American Association for Hand Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... know that you can "Go Green" with the Journal? If you have not already done so, please ... office to provide your preference for receiving the Journal – Online or Paper. Hand Surgery Endowment Learn about ...

358

Neural bases of hand synergies.  

PubMed

The human hand has so many degrees of freedom that it may seem impossible to control. A potential solution to this problem is "synergy control" which combines dimensionality reduction with great flexibility. With applicability to a wide range of tasks, this has become a very popular concept. In this review, we describe the evolution of the modern concept using studies of kinematic and force synergies in human hand control, neurophysiology of cortical and spinal neurons, and electromyographic (EMG) activity of hand muscles. We go beyond the often purely descriptive usage of synergy by reviewing the organization of the underlying neuronal circuitry in order to propose mechanistic explanations for various observed synergy phenomena. Finally, we propose a theoretical framework to reconcile important and still debated concepts such as the definitions of "fixed" vs. "flexible" synergies and mechanisms underlying the combination of synergies for hand control. PMID:23579545

Santello, Marco; Baud-Bovy, Gabriel; Jörntell, Henrik

2013-04-08

359

3D Printed Robotic Hand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Dexterous robotic hands are changing the way robots and humans interact and use common tools. Unfortunately, the complexity of the joints and actuations drive up the manufacturing cost. Some cutting edge and commercially available rapid prototyping machin...

J. M. Schuler T. C. Lippitt Y. R. Pizarro

2013-01-01

360

Hands-On Bulletin Boards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterns and directions are given for making bulletin boards that teach language arts and mathematics skills through hands-on student involvement. The boards help teach multiplication tables, word contractions, letter sounds, homonyms, compound words, alphabetization, and other skills. (PP)

Henneman, Dawn

1984-01-01

361

Method of timing hand washing  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A hand washing device and method encouraging hand washing includes a display panel, a message "WASH UP with Soap and Water. Get rid of germs in only 15 seconds." and may have one of a variety of timing means to time the wash cycle or the user may use an ordinary clock. Germ illustrations indicate consequences. The panel is on personal and public use soap dispensers and return springs are used as the timing device.

2007-12-25

362

Hand and mind — shaping experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We live in an increasingly virtual, mediated and disembodied world in which the role of our hands, the experience of physical touch, and the sharing of gestures and emotions,has been,diminished by the technology,which pervades so much of our daily lives. We make meaning of our world, develop emotional connections,and communicate,with one another through our senses,and our hands,play a vital

Cathy Treadaway

2009-01-01

363

Chirurgen als Hand-Patienten  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Um Einblick in die Behandlung von Patienten mit Hand- und Handgelenkverletzungen zu gewinnen, wurden mit einer Reihe klinischer\\u000a und psychologischer Analysen neun Chirurgen untersucht, die sich alle einer Osteosynthese einer Hand- oder Handgelenkfraktur\\u000a unterzogen hatten. Die Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen legen nahe, dass das funktionale Outcome nach der Handoperation von\\u000a der Persönlichkeitsstruktur des Patienten, seiner Motivation, seiner Fähigkeit, die Verletzung zu

K. R. Chin; J. H. Lonner; B. S. Jupiter; J. B. Jupiter

2010-01-01

364

Try Your Hand at Nano  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson focuses on two simple activities that younger learners can do to gain an appreciation of nanotechnology. First, learners measure their hands in nanometers. Second, learners investigate liquid crystals, applications of liquid crystals and nanotechnology connections and test how the heat of their hands changes the color of the crystals. Learners observe what they see, present their findings to the group, and reflect on the experience.

Ieee

2013-02-25

365

Spanish Language Version of the "Windows to the Universe" Earth and Space Science Education Web Site  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Windows to the Universe" is a web site that provides over 6,000 pages of content on a broad range of Earth science and space science topics to K-12 students and teachers and to the general public. The entire site is being translated into Spanish (see http://www.windows.ucar.edu/spanish); approximately 1,000 pages have been translated and are currently available online. The site also includes write-ups of more than 80 hands-on classroom activities, about 20 of which have been translated into Spanish to date. Windows to the Universe was first offered to students and educators in 1995; the first Spanish language versions of pages were posted online in late 2003. This presentation will describe our efforts to date to make science education materials available to Spanish-speaking and bilingual students, educators, and the general public. It will cover our outreach efforts through the web, television and other traditional media outlets, presentations at science teachers' conferences, local schools, and other channels. Statistics describing usage of the Spanish language sections of the web site indicate that our efforts to reach Spanish-speaking learners are succeeding. As of early September 2004, the monthly averages for traffic to the Spanish language pages of the site are around 112,000 visitors, 120,000 sessions, and 349,000 pages viewed. These values account for 25%, 24%, and 16% of the total traffic to the entire (English and Spanish combined) site, respectively. Since a significant fraction of the English-language portion of the site still remains to be translated, and since approximately 13% of the population of the United States is of Hispanic origin, these numbers represent a remarkable success in terms of disseminating science education materials to Spanish-speaking students and teachers.

Johnson, R. M.; Lagrave, M.; Araujo-Pradere, E. A.; Russell, R.; Gardiner, L.; Bergman, J.; Genyuk, J.; Henderson, S.; Dimarco, M.

2004-12-01

366

Bimanual-Vertical Hand Movements  

PubMed Central

Patients often demonstrate attentional and action-intentional biases in both the transverse and coronal planes. In addition, when making forelimb movements in the transverse plane, normal participants also have spatial and magnitude asymmetries, but forelimb spatial asymmetries have not been studied in coronal space. Thus, to learn if when normal people make vertical movements they have right–left spatial and magnitude biases, seventeen healthy, blindfolded volunteers had their hands (holding pens) placed vertically in their midsagittal plane, 10 inches apart, on pieces of paper positioned above, below, and at eye-level. Participants were asked to move their hands together vertically and meet in the middle. Participants demonstrated less angular deviation in the below-eye condition than in the other spatial conditions, when moving down than up, and with their right than left hand. Movements toward eye level from upper or lower space were also more accurate than movements in the other directions. Independent of hand, lines were longer with downward than upward movements and the right hand moved more distance than the left. These attentional-intentional asymmetries may be related to gravitational force, hand-hemispheric dominance, and spatial “where” asymmetries; however, the mechanisms accounting for these asymmetries must be ascertained by future research.

Kwon, Jay C.; Cohen, Matthew L.; Williamson, John; Burtis, Brandon; Heilman, Kenneth M.

2012-01-01

367

Development of a multidisciplinary hands-on training test-bench for an Electronic Engineering master  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adaptation of the Spanish university system to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) demands a methodological transformation. The classical Spanish system has to move away from teacher-focused methodology towards student-focused learning, in which students adopt an active role in their education, making emphasis on hands-on experiences. In order to meet the EHEA guidelines, an educational innovation project has been

O. Jimenez; O. Lucia; I. Urriza; L. A. Barragan; A. Mediano

2011-01-01

368

Spanish-Language Bone Wise Dissemination Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives were: (1) to produce and disseminate Spanish language, culturally appropriate information on osteoporosis targeted toward older, Hispanic women; (2) to organize an advisory committee of collaborating organizations with expertise in service ...

T. B. Gibson

1996-01-01

369

A Dialectical Approach to Spanish American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course at Hampshire College is described that was designed to familiarize students with the progression, key junctures, and general drift of forces and events that are the political and economic history of Spanish America. (MLW)|

Marquez, Roberto

1989-01-01

370

PAQ database: Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

371

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6 Suppl):S1-205. The

372

PAQ database: Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

373

Validation of the extended Influence Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted four studies to evaluate the extended version of the Influence Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), which measures proactive tactics used to influence people in organizations. The results provide support for the reliability and validity of the 11 tactic scales in the newest version of the IBQ. The questionnaire has widespread potential applications for both research and practice, and it is

Gary Yukl; Charles F. Seifert; Carolyn Chavez

2008-01-01

374

PAQ database: Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire In: Leijon O, Wiktorin C, Harenstam A, Karlqvist L; MOA Research Group. Validity of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing physical work loads in a general population. J Occup Environ Med 2002 Aug;44(8):724-35.

375

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

376

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

377

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

378

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

379

Gender-Related Traits as Predictors of Alcohol Use in Male German and Spanish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined instrumental (masculine stereotyped) and expressive (feminine stereotyped) personality traits and alcohol\\u000a use among men from Germany and Spain. Participants were 161 male university students (76 German, M\\u000a age?=?23 years; 77 Spanish, M\\u000a age?=?22 years), who completed either a daytime or a nighttime drinking questionnaire, each including a Short Form of the Bem\\u000a Sex Role Inventory. Poisson regression analyses with

Friederike Zimmermann; Monika Sieverding; Stephanie M. Müller

2011-01-01

380

Patterns of regular drug use in Spanish childbearing women: changes elicited by pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine drug use in Spanish women before pregnancy and from conception to the awareness of pregnancy (early period\\u000a of pregnancy, EPP), as well as to analyse attitudinal changes when pregnancy was planned or known.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: Trained gynaecologists used a structured questionnaire to collect demographic and obstetric characteristics, histories of\\u000a regular drug taking before pregnancy, attitudes towards drug taking

E. Jiménez; F. Bosch; A. López; J. Costa; R. Cos; J. E. Baños

1998-01-01

381

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) Arkela-Kautiainen et al. 2005 See reference #75 Methods Relation between the Finnish MDHAQ (Finn-MDHAQ) function

382

[Evaluation of hand injury severity].  

PubMed

Hand Trauma Severity Scale (HTSS) was created on the basis of our study on 1199 patients who were treated because of the hand injuries in the Second Chair of Surgery Jagiellonian University in Krakow in years 1987-2000. (last examination in 2010, follow-up: 11 to 23 years, mean follow-up: 16 years). Hand Trauma Severity Scale (HTSS) has been created based on We looked at the range of injury, likely total length of treatment, final functional result and possible amount of posttraumatic disability. Created HTSS scale was compared to Hand Injury Severity Score (HISS) and their statistically significant correlation (p < 0,001) was found. We have also found statistically significant correlation between the severity evaluated with HTSS and the circumstances of traumas, their direct cause, necessity of hospitalization after primary reconstructive treatment and total length of treatment. Distant results of treatment such as resuming of previously performed work and permanent posttraumatic disability also correlated with the severity of hand injuries measured with scale described in this study. PMID:22764513

Trybus, Marek; Lorkowski, Jacek; H?adki, Waldemar; Tusi?ski, Marcin; Guzik, Piotr

2012-01-01

383

Bone ultrasound and physical activity in postmenopausal spanish women.  

PubMed

We studied the effects of moderate physical activity on bone mass in healthy postmenopausal women as assessed by quantitative bone ultrasound. We enrolled a total of 326 postmenopausal women (60.95 ± 8.51 years old and 13.02 ± 9.52 years since menopause) and categorized them by weekly physical activity in their leisure time (sedentary, moderate, and active). We administered a questionnaire on general health and diet and measured bone density by ultrasound on phalanges II-V in the nondominant hand. We found no significant difference in the amplitude-dependent speed of sound (Ad-SoS; p > .05) between sedentary and active women. We concluded that the changes induced by moderate physical activity on bone mass are minimal in healthy postmenopausal women. PMID:22997347

Calderon-Garcia, Julian F; Lavado-Garcia, Jesus M; Martin, Raul Roncero; Moran, Jose M; Canal-Macias, Maria L; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan D

2012-09-19

384

Understanding Extreme Spanish Coastal Flood Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Santa Irene flood event, at the end of October 1982, is one of the most dramatically widely reported flood events in Spain. Its renown is mainly due to the collapse of the Tous dam, but its main message is to be the paradigm of the incidence of the maritime/littoral weather and its temporal sea level rise by storm surge accompanying rain process on the coastal plains inland floods. Looking at damages the presentation analyzes the adapted measures from the point of view of the aims of the FP7 SMARTeST Project related to the Flood Resilience improvement in urban areas through looking for Technologies, Systems and Tools an appropriate "road to de market". The event was due to the meteorological phenomenon known as "gota fría" (cold drop), a relatively frequent and intense rainy phenomenon affecting one or more basins on the Iberian Peninsula, particularly on the Spanish east to southeast inlands and coasts. There are some circumstances that can easily come together to unleash the cold drop there: cold and dry polar air masses coming onto the whole Iberian Peninsula and the north of Africa, high sea water temperatures, and low atmospheric pressure (cyclone) areas in the western Mediterranean basin; these circumstances are quite common during the autumn season there, and, as it happens, in other places around the world (East/Southeast Africa). Their occurrence, however shows a great space-temporal variability (in a similar way to hurricanes, on Caribbean and western North-Atlantic areas, or to typhoons do). As a matter of fact, all of these equivalent though different phenomena may have different magnitude each time. An overview of the very main events since 11th century in the East to Southeast areas in Spain is shown in the presentation, looking for relation with climatic conditions and Climate changes on one hand, and with geomorphologic and geotechnical conditions on the other It also describes the results of a detailed analysis and reflection about this cold drop phenomenon as a whole, on the generation of its rains and on the different natures and consequences of its floods. And it likewise explains the ways in which the maritime weather in front of the basin and the consequent sea level govern floods on the lowest zone of any hydrographical basin, showing that event as a real paradigm to explain that climatic conditions in the adjacent marine basin influence on coastal and even inland flooding phenomena. It then briefly analyzes also other apparently different kind of flood events on further upper inlands (USA Lake Region) and compares it to the respective previous maritime processes (Katrina and Ike Hurricanes) to show the relevance of the latter for the right description of the former.

Diez, J. Javier; Esteban, M. Dolores; Silvestre, J. Manuel

2013-04-01

385

Healthcare workers' and parents' perceptions of measures for improving adherence to hand-hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions of healthcare workers (HCW) and parents regarding hand-hygiene and effectiveness\\u000a of measures for increasing hand-hygiene adherence, in a children's hospital in Italy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A cross-sectional study was performed from 5 to 13 July 2010, using two self-administered anonymous questionnaires (one for\\u000a HCWs and one for parents\\/caregivers). The questionnaires included information regarding individual perceptions associated

Marta L Ciofi degli Atti; Alberto E Tozzi; Gaetano Ciliento; Manuel Pomponi; Silvia Rinaldi; Massimiliano Raponi

2011-01-01

386

[Hand hygiene: revolution and globalization].  

PubMed

Hand hygiene is the primary measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections and the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Low staff compliance remains a major problem. Successful promotion requires a multimodal strategy. The World Health Organization (WHO) proposes an approach including at least five components: system change, in particular the recourse to alcohol-based hand rubbing as the new standard of care, staff education using newly developed tools, monitoring and feedback of staff performance, reminders in the workplace, and promotion of an institutional safety climate. Patient participation in hand hygiene promotion is under testing. Early results of the strategy tested in a large number of healthcare settings in both limited- and high-resource countries are extremely encouraging. PMID:19492514

Pittet, Didier

2009-04-01

387

Hands-On Science, 680 Hands at a Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains how students can do hands-on science in a large lecture theater with seats bolted to the floor. It specifically describes the logistics of doing a collapsing can activity in such a large class to demonstrate the birth of a black hole

Shipman, Harry L.

2001-02-01

388

Evaluating hand in systemic sclerosis.  

PubMed

Articular symptoms are common in SSc and joint pain is a frequent presenting feature of this disease. Hand involvement is often the first clinical manifestation of SSc and could be resulted from fibrosis or synovitis or an overlap syndrome with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); though, the latter is a controversy in practice. To define the clues when identifying the nature of the hand arthropathy in SSc. In order to determine the hand arthropathy, serological tests, hand radiography, finger-to-palm (FTP) distance and other clinical features, disease activity and functional scoring parameters were assessed. Twenty-eight consecutive SSc patients and 43 controls (21 rheumatoid arthritis and 22 healthy controls) were included. Radiographic findings in SSc patients were: Erosions 25%, joint space narrowing 17.9%, arthritis 10.7%, radiological demineralisation 42.9%, acro-osteolysis 25%, flexion contracture 28.6% and calcinosis 17.9%. Anti-CCP antibody and RF positivity were as follows: In SSc group: 3 (11%) and 7 patients (25%); In RA group: 13 (62%) and 19 patients (90.5%); In healthy control group: 1 (4%) and 3 persons (13.6%), respectively. Two patients (7.14%) were regarded as RA overlap, whom both had positive RF and positive anti-CCP results and their radiographs revealed arthritis. Seventeen patients (61%) were regarded as SSc arthropathy; all were negative for RF and anti-CCP but revealed nonarthritic radiological findings. (Among them, only one patient had positive anti-CCP result). The remainder (9 patients) had no radiological or serological finding positive for arthropathy. Arthritis was found to have correlation with heart involvement and FTP was correlated with lung involvement. Hand involvement in SSc is a challenge in rheumatology practice; Radiographic testing when evaluated with RF and anti-CCP will be a helpful tool to discriminate SSc arthropathy from RA-SSc overlap. Hand arthropathy should increase the interest in the serious internal organ involvements of SSc. PMID:22090005

Arslan Tas, Didem; Erken, Eren; Sakalli, Hakan; Yucel, A Eftal

2011-11-17

389

Rhabdomyosarcoma in an adult hand.  

PubMed

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malign tumour which arises from cells committed to a skeletal muscle lineage. It constitutes 4%-8% of all childhood malignancies but is rare in adults. The rare pleomorphic subtype occurs almost exclusively in adults and most often involves the extremities. RMS of the hand or foot comprise a minority of extremity cases. An adult patient with rhabdomyosarcoma in the hand, which is very rare, is presented in this article. General characteristics of the tumour and the treatment strategies are discussed. PMID:23356943

Seyhan, Nevra; Keskin, Mustafa; Tosun, Zekeriya; Savaci, Nedim

2013-01-29

390

Hand adornment and infection control.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that despite infection control guidelines recommending that false fingernails, nail varnish, stoned rings and wrist watches not be worn by clinical staff, a large proportion of them continue to do so. The recently updated epic guidelines (Pratt et al, 2007) state that hand jewellery and false finger nails should be kept short, clean and free from nail polish. This article discusses the bacterial carriage, contributions to outbreaks of infection and interference with proper hand hygiene practices, thereby explaining why these recommendations are made in infection control policies and guidelines. PMID:17577182

Ward, Deborah Jane

391

The relationship of movement time to hand-foot laterality patterns.  

PubMed

Asymmetries in movement times of the hands in 60 healthy participants with different patterns of hand-foot dominance were investigated. Handedness and footedness were assessed by means of questionnaires and verified by simple motor tasks. Psychomotor performance was evaluated by the use of selected tests from the computerised Vienna Test System (VST, Vienna, Austria). Movement time (MT) was assessed separately for dominant and non-dominant hands in a unimanual simple reaction task. Participants performed significantly better with their preferred hand, and differences in performance between right- and left-handers were not significant, neither was there a main effect of foot dominance on MT of the hands. However there was a significant effect of laterality pattern in hand-foot combination on hands MT: participants with cross-lateral dominance patterns of hands and feet performed significantly better than those with congruent hand-foot dominance. No significant interaction with sex was found. These results provide evidence for a lack of independence of hand and foot dominance in motor performance, suggesting the functional significance of limb laterality pattern in the motor control system. The results support the hypothesis that the quality of human hand movements may be influenced not only by central information processing (hemispheric specialisation) but also by other structures and processes of motor control, such as central pattern generators (CPGs) and biomechanical factors. PMID:18608857

Olex-Zarychta, Dorota; Raczek, Joachim

2008-05-31

392

Assessment of body image: Psychometric properties of the Body Image Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Body Image Questionnaire (QÜIC) in Spanish adolescents. The sample comprised 254 girls and 189 boys, aged 12–15. Principal component analyses showed that the 18 satisfaction items could be summarized using two moderately interrelated dimensions, torso and head\\/limbs, with satisfaction with chest\\/breast and genitals loading on a different factor for boys (torso) and

Eva Penelo; Paola Espinoza; Mariona Portell; Rosa M. Raich

2012-01-01

393

Fifteen-Year Follow-Up of Hand Eczema: Predictive Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to identify factors of importance for the long-term prognosis of hand eczema in the general population. In a 15-y follow-up, 868 (78%) individuals with hand eczema, diagnosed and clinically examined in a previous population-based study, answered a postal questionnaire with questions concerning persistence of the disease. In a logistic regression model, the extent of

Birgitta Meding; Karin Wrangsjö; Bengt Järvholm

2005-01-01

394

Traumatic hand amputation while wakeboarding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wakeboarding is a sport increasing in popularity in the UK and the rest of the world. It is known to be associated with a high incidence of relatively minor injuries to the participating sportsperson. The authors present the case of a traumatic hand amputation to an associated third party and highlight the potential for serious injuries to all those directly

Timothy Woodacre; Morwena Marshall

2011-01-01

395

Hands-on microcomputer training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hands-on microcomputer training presents computer educators with a new set of opportunities and challenges. The opportunity for participants to interact with the machine and software in the presence of instructors markedly decreases the struggle many new computer users experience. Questions can be answered and instruction can be generalized in the context of actual problems encountered by participants. Our curriculum has

Bill Brown; Marilyn Everingham

1985-01-01

396

Hooked On Hands-On  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This blog entry details the importance of hands on learning in creating a productive classroom environment. Included in this blog is the lesson plan and worksheets for the AIMS activity Jelly Belly(R). In the lesson plan students collect, display, and analyze data using a circle graph.

Cordel, Betty

2013-01-30

397

Glomus Tumors of the Hand  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of this study is to present a review of the current understanding of glomus tumors of the hand. Methods: Clinical cases are used to demonstrate the relevance of history and physical examination in deriving the diagnosis of this rare, but important entity. Treatment, complications, and review of the literature are presented. Results: Glomus tumors are rare vascular lesions representing approximately 1% of all hand tumors. Derived from the glomus body, they are usually found at the tip of digits and present as a classic triad of severe pain, point tenderness, and cold sensitivity. Clinical features include blue discoloration, palpable nodule, and nail deformity in subungual tumors. The Hildreth's test and the Love's pin test are reliable methods of diagnosing glomus hand tumors with sensitivity and specificity exceeding 90%. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Possible complications following operative management include recurrence and nail deformity. Conclusion: This article outlines the current knowledge relating to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of glomus tumors of the hand.

Hazani, Ron; Houle, John M.; Kasdan, Morton L.; Wilhelmi, Bradon J.

2008-01-01

398

Posttraumatic Stiffness in the Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maximalization of motion after healing is a primary goal of treatment when the surgeon is presented with a hand injury. The contribution of muscle\\/tendon, capsule and ligament, and the joint surface to the problem of posttrau- matic stiffness is reviewed. Treatment possibil- ities for posttraumatic stiffness are presented and the importance of remobilization to the outcome of the care delivered

Matthew D. Putnam

1996-01-01

399

Hand held explosives detection system  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a sensitive hand-held explosives detection device capable of detecting the presence of extremely low quantities of high explosives molecules, and which is applicable to sampling vapors from personnel, baggage, cargo, etc., as part of an explosives detection system.

Conrad, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01

400

Arm and Hand Movement Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The control of arm and hand movements in human and nonhuman primates has fascinated researchers in psychology, neuroscience, robotics, and numerous re-lated areas. Movement appears effortless to the uninitiated observer, only when trying to duplicate such skills with artificial systems or when examining the un-derlying neural substrate, one discovers a surprising complexity that, so far, has prevented us from understanding

Stefan Schaal

2002-01-01

401

The Alien-Hand Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reintroduces a phenomenological experiment designed in the early 1960’s, The Alien-Hand Experiment (TAHE), and it illustrates how phenomena denoted by theoretical concepts like body image, body schema and agency can be studied via the experiment. An analysis of the verbal reports from 26 subjects who participated in TAHE is presented in this article. Subjects were divided into three

Jesper BrØsted SØrensen

2005-01-01

402

Study of Powered Hand Tools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall objective of the project was to apply ergonomic principles to the design of powered hand tools used in the coalmining industry, with the aim of reducing any accidents and physical stress associated with their use. In order to achieve this obje...

A. M. Rushworth M. H. Mabey R. J. Graves S. G. Collier A. G. M. Nicholl

1985-01-01

403

Hands-On Nuclear Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nuclear science is an important topic in terms of its application to power generation, medical diagnostics and treatment, and national defense. Unfortunately, the subatomic domain is far removed from daily experience, and few learning aids are available to teachers. What follows describes a low-tech, hands-on method to teach important concepts in…

Whittaker, Jeff

2013-01-01

404

Two-handed virtual manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss a two-handed user interface designed to support three-dimesional neurosurgical visualization. By itself, this system is a “point design,” an example of an advanced user interface technique. In this work, we argue that in order to understand why interaction techniques do or do not work, and to suggest possibilities for new techniques, it is important to move beyond point

Ken Hinckley; Randy F. Pausch; Dennis Proffitt; Neal F. Kassell

1998-01-01

405

Stadia Hand Transit with Case  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This instrument was manufactured by Keuffel & Esser Company, New York & New Jersey, serial #2300. Stadia Hand Transits are made of up a small telescope with cross and stadia hairs and a circular box which serves as either a magnetic compass or clinometer. The company sold these instruments from 1910...

2009-07-22

406

Dextrous hand grasping force optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key goal in dextrous robotic hand grasping is to balance external forces and at the same time achieve grasp stability and minimum grasping energy by choosing an appropriate set of internal grasping forces. Since it appears that there is no direct algebraic optimization approach, a recursive optimization, which is adaptive for application in a dynamic environment, is required. One

Martin BUSS; Hideki Hashimoto; John B. Moore

1996-01-01

407

The DLR hand arm system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An anthropomorphic hand arm system using vari- able stiffness actuation has been developed at DLR. It is aimed to reach its human archetype regarding size, weight and performance. The main focus of our development is put on robustness, dynamic performance and dexterity. Therefore, a paradigm change from impedance controlled, but mechanically stiff joints to robots using intrinsic variable compliance joints

Markus Grebenstein; Alin Albu-Schaffer; Thomas Bahls; Maxime Chalon; Oliver Eiberger; Werner Friedl; Robin Gruber; Sami Haddadin; Ulrich Hagn; Robert Haslinger; Hannes Hoppner; Stefan Jorg; Mathias Nickl; Alexander Nothhelfer; Florian Petit; Josef Reill; Nikolaus Seitz; Thomas Wimbock; Sebastian Wolf; Tilo Wusthoff; Gerd Hirzinger

2011-01-01

408

Epithelioid Sarcoma in the Hand  

Microsoft Academic Search

An illustrative case of epithelioid sarcoma in the hand of a young man, causing considerable diagnostic problems, is presented.Epithelioid sarcoma is a malignant lesion, first described by Enzinger in 1970. Although epithelioid sarcoma is the third commonest soft tissue sarcoma in the upper extremity (Bryan, 1974) it still causes confusion in differential diagnosis, both to the surgeon and to the

SORNA RAJAN; TOMMY SKAU

1983-01-01

409

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People with liver disease should not take this product unless directed by a ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

410

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – This product may make ulcers worse. ... This product may make ulcers worse. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

411

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People who consume more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks per day should ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

412

Questionnaire Issued by the Co-Chairmen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This questionnaire has been designed to obtain information about national plans for the reprocessing of spent fuel, plutonium management and recycling in order to provide a statistical background and assist in the work of Working Group 4. The majority of ...

1978-01-01

413

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – A person who is allergic to aspirin should not use this product. Statistics. N. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

414

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product does not reduce fever. ... This product does not reduce fever. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

415

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – When you first read the label, would you say your attention was focused ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

416

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People with stomach ulcers can use this product. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

417

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Means a lot to me. Statistics. N. ... Means a lot to me, 303, 0. Means a lot to me. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

418

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... 303, 0. Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

419

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Know when to stop taking the drug. ... Know when to stop taking the drug. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

420

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – You should not take this product within 24 hours of consuming alcohol. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

421

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

422

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

423

Compilation of Air Toxics Emission Inventory Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To assist States and local agencies, The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed programs to address the status of the air toxics problem in their localities. The document provides example questionnaires used by several State and local agencie...

1988-01-01

424

Evaluating Multilingual Questionnaires: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study aims to develop an assessment tool to evaluate multilingual questionnaires by categorizing the types of translation issues that can lead to measurement errors in crosscultural surveys. Based on the results of two multilingual projects that cogn...

M. Fond Y. Pan

2011-01-01

425

The Construction and Usage of Simple Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This memorandum provides a brief guide to the construction and usage of simple questionnaires to collect opinions on various topics. Although it is devoted primarily to user trials of aircrew equipment, many of the principles discussed are common to other...

M. F. Allnutt C. B. Bolton

1975-01-01

426

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product can be given to children over age 16. ... False, 16, 5.3, 5.3, 92.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

427

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How important would it be for someone to read all the information on the ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

428

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

429

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

430

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People taking medications for high blood pressure should ask a doctor ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

431

Hand-biting and hand-waving paroxysms in epilepsy.  

PubMed

A 20-year-old ambidextrous female student with a 15-year history of refractory seizures was admitted to the epilepsy department for a second opinion on her diagnosis and treatment. She developed frequent motor paroxysms at the age of 4-5 years, which appeared resistant to antiepileptic therapy and which have continued to the present day. Over the last 8 years she also had five generalised tonic-clonic seizures. There is a family history of epilepsy on the maternal side. The first type of episode is characterised by left-hand flickering, associated with head turning and loss of awareness. During the second type of attack the patient demonstrates vigorous hand biting which starts without warning. The patient appears disorientated subsequently. EEG telemetry was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of both epilepsy and non-epileptic attacks. Literature reports of the relevant cases are discussed. PMID:22814977

Selikhova, Marianna; Scott, Catherine; Silva, Mark; Rugg-Gunn, Furgus

2012-07-19

432

Die Sprache der Hande zu den Handen sprechen (Talking the Language of the Hands to the Hands). DB-LINK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the importance of hands for the person who is deafblind, reviews hand development, and identifies specific teaching skills that facilitate hand development and expressiveness in persons who are deafblind. It notes that the hands of a deafblind individual serve not only as tools but also as sense organs (to compensate for their…

Miles, Barbara

433

Spanish-for-Native-Speaker Matters: Narrowing the Latino Achievement Gap through Spanish Language Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that Spanish-for-native-speakers (SNS) instruction at the secondary level can play a key role in narrowing the Latino achievement gap. To this end, SNS curricula and practices should be configured to: 1) support Spanish-English biliteracy, 2) support and facilitate learning across the curriculum, 3) socialize Latino students and…

Carreira, Maria

2007-01-01

434

Effects of Error Correction on Spanish Spelling Words for Students Whose Primary Language Is Spanish  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an error correction strategy on the spelling accuracy of Spanish words by elementary school students who come from a bilingual home environment, where the home language is Spanish. In the error correction strategy students wrote the word, viewed an accurate model of the word, and self-corrected any errors. In

Maria Alvarado-Gomez; Phillip J. Belfiore

2000-01-01

435

Acquisition of Spanish Definite Articles by English-Speaking Learners of Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the stages of acquisition of Spanish definite articles by two groups of English-speaking learners enrolled in their first semester of Spanish. The approach taken was to analyze writing samples produced by the groups at different times during the semester, to obtain the basis for a pseudo-longitudinal analysis of article usage. The…

Ramirez-Mayberry, Maria

1998-01-01

436

Spanish-for-Native-Speaker Matters: Narrowing the Latino Achievement Gap through Spanish Language Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper argues that Spanish-for-native-speakers (SNS) instruction at the secondary level can play a key role in narrowing the Latino achievement gap. To this end, SNS curricula and practices should be configured to: 1) support Spanish-English biliteracy, 2) support and facilitate learning across the curriculum, 3) socialize Latino students and…

Carreira, Maria

2007-01-01

437

The four-dimensional symptom questionnaire (4DSQ): measuring distress and other mental health problems in a working population  

Microsoft Academic Search

In non-clinical (working) populations it is important to differentiate between general distress, on the one hand, and psychiatric symptoms—depression, anxiety and somatization—on the other hand. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a new instrument that measures these four symptom dimensions (Terluin, 1996). This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the 4DSQ in a working population. A postal stress

Berend Terluin; Willem Van Rhenen; Wilmar B. Schaufeli; Marten De Haan

2004-01-01

438

An evaluation of antiseptics used for hand disinfection in wards.  

PubMed Central

The antibacterial effectiveness of hand antiseptics commonly used in wards was studied by laboratory and in-use tests and their acceptability assessed by means of a questionnaire passed to hospital staff. To determine the immediate and long-term antibacterial effects of the preparations the in-use tests were performed by groups of students. The greatest immediate reduction in bacterial counts on hands was obtained by products containing chlorhexidine. The long-term antibacterial effect was recorded with emulsions containing 3% hexachlorophane, 2% Irgasan CF3R or 4% chlorhexidine when used constantly on several consecutive days. Considerable discrepancies were recorded in the antibacterial effectiveness of some preparations when comparing laboratory and in-use test results. Therefore it is suggested that antiseptics should be tested by in-use tests which more closely resemble practical conditions before their use, or further trial, in hospital.

OjajA?rvi, J.

1976-01-01

439

Governance in Spanish Universities: Changing Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the current model of governance within Spanish universities, focusing on the areas of state regulation, academic goals, and organizational management. A qualitative approach was adopted for this research, comprising the use of a survey and a focus group. The conclusions of this study provide some insights into the new…

Ion, Georgeta; Castro, Diego

2012-01-01

440

Spontaneous Language Markers of Spanish Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spanish-speaking (SS) children with language impairment (LI) present with deficits in morphology and verb argument structure. These language areas may be useful for clinical identification of affected children. This study aimed to evaluate the discrimination accuracy of spontaneous language measures with SS preschoolers to tease out what…

Simon-Cereijido, Gabriela; Gutierrez-Clellen, Vera F.

2007-01-01

441

Product relevant emotions in the Spanish language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a five-stage study to identify what emotions are product relevant in Mexican culture, and to cross-compare these with the emotions identified in a prior study carried out in the Netherlands. 34 emotion terms in the Spanish language were identified as product relevant, 17 of which were related to product appearance. 21 emotion terms that were identified in

Juan Carlos Ortíz Nicolás; Irma Hernández

442

Cultural Myopia: A Challenge to Spanish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers current thinking about intercultural attitudes in Spain to demonstrate reasons why the Spanish approach to interculturalism, particularly in schools, has not been at the forefront of societal, governmental, or educational thinking. Discusses the dangers of ignoring immigrants' needs and abilities within the community and the…

Cowan, Bryan J.; Perez-Dominguez, Servando

1996-01-01

443

Selecting Spanish Books in the Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author recommends a certain criteria for selecting Spanish-language books for elementary students such as cultural factors, setting, time, age, language and visuals. She also enumerates some authors and a listing of their many bilingual texts, which can be used to enrich a school or classroom library.|

Corona, Elia

2007-01-01

444

Domestic actors and Spanish European policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The national context in which the conservative government conducted its European policy in the period 1996–2000 witnessed changes as well as continuities. Among the changes, different public opinion strategies were adopted to present the government's European policy to Spanish society. Partly as a result of the demands of agricultural interests, a greater emphasis was placed on the defence of ‘national

Antonio Alaminos

2000-01-01

445

Spanish American Folklore and the Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course in Spanish-American Folklore and the Arts is offered in English at Purdue. It aims to acquaint students with development of folklore and arts in Latin America and to increase awareness of and receptivity to Latin America and its people. Procedures, instructional materials, student evaluation and results are discussed. (CHK)

de Cid, Dolores; Smith, W. Flint

1975-01-01

446

Market Trends in Spanish Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines trends in the Spanish higher education system that have allowed market influences to grow in recent years. Analyzes historical framework and legal changes facilitating market trends and considers their influence on the financial and organizational structure of universities as well as on accountability and quality assessment. Concludes…

Mora, Jose-Gines

1997-01-01

447

Genetic Structure of the Spanish Population  

PubMed Central

Background Genetic admixture is a common caveat for genetic association analysis. Therefore, it is important to characterize the genetic structure of the population under study to control for this kind of potential bias. Results In this study we have sampled over 800 unrelated individuals from the population of Spain, and have genotyped them with a genome-wide coverage. We have carried out linkage disequilibrium, haplotype, population structure and copy-number variation (CNV) analyses, and have compared these estimates of the Spanish population with existing data from similar efforts. Conclusions In general, the Spanish population is similar to the Western and Northern Europeans, but has a more diverse haplotypic structure. Moreover, the Spanish population is also largely homogeneous within itself, although patterns of micro-structure may be able to predict locations of origin from distant regions. Finally, we also present the first characterization of a CNV map of the Spanish population. These results and original data are made available to the scientific community.

2010-01-01

448

Spanish for Agricultural Purposes: The Audio Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The manual is meant to accompany and supplement the basic manual and to serve as support to the audio component of "Spanish for Agricultural Purposes," a one-semester course for North American agriculture specialists preparing to work in Latin America, consists of exercises to supplement readings presented in the course's basic manual and to…

Mainous, Bruce H.; And Others

449

Spanish for Agricultural Purposes: The Basic Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual, part of a one-semester course for North American agriculture specialists preparing to work in Latin America, is built around specimens of agricultural writing in Spanish. The manual contains 12 lessons on general agriculture, sugar production, grain production, geography, forestry, animal husbandry, soy bean production, agricultural…

Mainous, Bruce H.; And Others

450

Species Profile of Spanish Sardine ('Sardinella aurita').  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a summary of available information on the biology, fishery, and marketing of Spanish sardines (Sardinella aurita). Emphasis is on the Gulf of Mexico with reference to other areas when particular information may have application to the Gulf o...

A. G. Johnson R. N. Vaught

1986-01-01

451

Sequencing Stories in Spanish and English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide was designed for speech pathologists, bilingual teachers, and specialists in English as a second language who work with Spanish-speaking children. The guide contains twenty illustrated stories that facilitate the learning of auditory sequencing, auditory and visual memory, receptive and expressive vocabulary, and expressive language…

Steckbeck, Pamela Meza

452

Spanish for Working Medical Professionals: Linguistic Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative case study examined the Spanish linguistic needs of working health care professionals. Data from observation field notes, interviews, document analysis, and member checks were coded, triangulated, and analyzed following the premises of grounded theory. Results indicated that participants were able to produce routinely used words…

Lear, Darcy W.

2005-01-01

453

Learning To Teach Spanish: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study explores the student teaching experience of a Spanish language teacher candidate through her own eyes. It sheds light on how the participants' prior learning experience and beliefs inform her initial practice, how she develops her teaching skills, what contextual factors affect her learning-to-teach process, and the sources from…

Velez-Rendon, Gloria

454

English-Spanish Verbatim Translation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development and validation of the English-Spanish Verbatim Translation Exam (ESVTE) is described. The test is for use by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the selection of applicants for the positions of Language Specialist or Contract Linguist. The report is divided into eight sections. Section 1 describes the need for the test,…

Stansfield, Charles W.; And Others

455

Soldadura (Welding). Spanish Translations for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Thirty transparency masters with Spanish subtitles for key words are provided for a welding/general mechanical repair course. The transparency masters are on such topics as oxyacetylene welding; oxyacetylene welding equipment; welding safety; different types of welds; braze welding; cutting torches; cutting with a torch; protective equipment; arc…

Hohhertz, Durwin

456

Reading Levels of Spanish Deaf Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Reading Levels of a population of 93 Spanish deaf students were examined. All study participants had prelingual profound hearing loss; their ages ranged from 9 to 20 years. All were enrolled in compulsory education during 2002-2003 in the Canary Islands (Spain). They were evaluated with sentence and text comprehension subtests from the…

Monreal, S. T.; Hernandez, R. S.

2005-01-01

457

Disaggregate evidence on Spanish inflation persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the degree of persistence of different inflation rates for the Spanish economy using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the aggregate as well as for the regions, provinces and eight groups of goods and services, in addition to the Producer Price Index (PPI) for the aggregate and 24 industrial sectors. For that purpose, we employ: (1) the

Diego Romero-Ávila; Carlos Usabiaga

2011-01-01

458

Disaggregate evidence on Spanish inflation persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the degree of persistence of different inflation rates for the Spanish economy using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the aggregate as well as for the regions, provinces and eight groups of goods and services, in addition to the Producer Price Index (PPI) for the aggregate and 24 industrial sectors. For that purpose, we employ: (1) the

Diego Romero-Ávila; Carlos Usabiaga

2012-01-01

459

English and Spanish Contrastive Discourse Markers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses the topic of discourse markers and, using the concepts of denial and contrast, with modifications, examines markers of contrast in English and Spanish. The article shows that the markers in each language correspond very closely in what they signal about the interpretation of the utterances of which they are a part. (Nine references)…

Fraser, B.; Malamud-Makowski, M.

1996-01-01

460

Plant Nutrition in Spanish Secondary Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the authors analyse the conceptual contents related to plant nutrition in the widely-used school texts of six Spanish publishers. An analysis dossier was elaborated based on the epistemological and pedagogical study of this subject. The publishers deal with the issue of plant nutrition at three different levels (multicellular,…

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Concepcion; Garcia-Barrios, Susana; Martinez-Lozada, Cristina

2009-01-01

461

Sequencing Stories in Spanish and English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide was designed for speech pathologists, bilingual teachers, and specialists in English as a second language who work with Spanish-speaking children. The guide contains twenty illustrated stories that facilitate the learning of auditory sequencing, auditory and visual memory, receptive and expressive vocabulary, and expressive language…

Steckbeck, Pamela Meza

462

Elaboration and Simplification in Spanish Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares spoken discourse models in Spanish as a second language textbooks and online language learning resources with naturally occurring conversations. Telephone service encounters are analyzed from the point of view of three different dimensions of authenticity: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and psycholinguistic. An analysis of 20…

Granena, Gisela

2008-01-01

463

Spanish for Nurses: An Interdisciplinary Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Courses in Spanish for nurses at Loretto Heights College in Colorado combine language instruction, cross-cultural studies, instruction in medical problems particular to certain groups, medical systems and philosophy, and participation in a college-wide interdisciplinary program entitled "Values in Concert." In this program, sets of three courses…

Medina, Elizabeth R.

464

Changes in productivity of Spanish university libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes productivity growth, technical progress, and efficiency change in a sample of 34 Spanish university libraries between 2003 and 2007. Data envelopment analysis and a Malmquist index are combined with a bootstrap method to provide statistical inference estimators of individual productivity, technical progress, pure efficiency, and scale efficiency scores. To calculate productivity, a three-stage service model has been

Jose Simon; Clara Simon; Alicia Arias

2011-01-01

465

Hiatus Resolution in Spanish: An Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Spanish, adjacent vowels across and within word boundaries are either in hiatus or form a diphthong. Generally, when either of the unstressed high vowels /i/ and /u/ appears next to any of the other vowels /e/, /a/, or /o/ the result is a diphthong (i.e., "puerta" "door" less than [pwer.ta], "miel" "honey" less than [mjel], and so on). All…

Souza, Benjamin J.

2010-01-01

466

Governance in Spanish Universities: Changing Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the current model of governance within Spanish universities, focusing on the areas of state regulation, academic goals, and organizational management. A qualitative approach was adopted for this research, comprising the use of a survey and a focus group. The conclusions of this study provide some insights into the new…

Ion, Georgeta; Castro, Diego

2012-01-01

467

Survey of Spanish Market for Laboratory Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Spain for laboratory instruments; to examine growth trends in Spanish end-use industries over the next few years; to identify specific product categories that ...

1979-01-01

468

Meeting Another Culture Through Language: Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide outlines materials and ideas for a one-year exploratory course in Spanish. In attempting to reach the broadest possible range of students in the community, emphasis is placed on individualized instruction, human relationships, options, and new processes for achieving greater comprehension and continuing understanding. The…

Baltimore County Board of Education, Towson, MD.

469

Family Planning: Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, Nuer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide provides information in English, Bosnian, Russian, Spanish, and Nuer on family planning. Topics covered include a variety of birth control methods: abstinence, condoms, contraceptive foam, birth control pills, the Depo-Provera shot, the Norplant implant, diaphragms, intrauterine devices, natural family planning, sterilization, and the…

Anoka County Community Health and Environmental Services, Coon Rapids, MN.

470

Sugar profiles of Spanish unifloral honeys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The levels of various sugars (fructose, glucose, sucrose, maltose, maltulose, kojibiose, isomaltose, raffinose, erlöse and melezitose) as well as the glucose\\/fructose and glucose\\/water ratios were determined in different Spanish unifloral honey types (rosemary, orange blossom, lavender, sunflower, eucalyptus, heather, honeydew). Sugars were determined by gas chromatography of the trimethylsilyloxime derivatives. There were significant differences among the honey types in relation

Rufino Mateo; Francisco Bosch-Reig

1997-01-01

471

Moroccan Children and Arabic in Spanish Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses classical Arabic as a minority language for Moroccan children in Spanish schools. It highlights programs of "education des langues et cultures d'origine" (ELCO), which specifically target these students. ELCO is the only public program in Spain recognizing Arabic as an immigrant minority language. Intercultural educational…

Garcia, Bernabe Lopez; Molina, Laura Mijares

472

Spontaneous language markers of Spanish language impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spanish-speaking (SS) children with language impairment (LI) present with deficits in morphology and verb argument structure. These language areas may be useful for clinical identification of affected children. This study aimed to evaluate the discrimination accuracy of spontaneous language measures with SS preschoolers to tease out what combination of grammatical measure(s) were responsible for the LI deficits, and to determine

GABRIELA SIMON-CEREIJIDO; VERA F. GUTIÉRREZ-CLELLEN

2007-01-01

473

Lexical Connection: Semiterm Grammatical Patterns in Spanish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this article is to describe the grammatical patterns of a set of nouns frequently used in Spanish specialized discourse: the so-called "semiterms". The following nouns were selected for the study: "problema" "problem", "resultado" "result", "motivo" "motive/reason", "razon" "reason", and "consecuencia" "consequence". Apart from…

Ferrero, Carmen Lopez

2012-01-01

474

Revenue Sharing and the Spanish Speaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information of interest to Spanish speaking people on revenue sharing was presented in this booklet. Major topics were the utilization of General Revenue Sharing Funds, fund distribution, community action, reports on planned and actual use of funds, assurances to the Secretary of the Treasury, and civil rights provisions. Additional information on…

Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish Speaking People, Washington, DC.

475

US market entry by Spanish pharmaceutical firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work explores the factors that spur firms’ propensity to enter in international markets. Among the whole population of Spanish firms active in the pharmaceutical sector (over the period 1995-2004), we identify those firms that have entered the US market by assessing whether they have filed at least a trademark in the US Patents and Trademarks Office. By means of

Fabrizio Cesaroni; Marco S. Giarratana; Ester Martínez-Ros

2010-01-01

476

Hand Preference in Young Children's Early Signing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined young children's hand usage when they produced American Sign Language signs and while they played, in order to determine their hand preference in early signing and to compare their hand use in signing with their hand preference in other, nonlinguistic, motor actions. Subjects were 24 young children (from the age of 12 months or…

Bonvillian, John D.; And Others

477

Hand osteoarthritis—a heterogeneous disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent disorder. Hand OA is not one single disease, but a heterogeneous group of disorders. Radiographic signs of hand OA, such as osteophytes or joint space narrowing, can be found in up to 81% of the elderly population. Several hand OA subsets—such as nodal interphalangeal OA, thumb base OA and erosive OA—can be discriminated. Furthermore,

Wing-Yee Kwok; Margreet Kloppenburg

2011-01-01

478

Human hand impedance characteristics during maintained posture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper examines human hand impedance characteristics, including inertia and viscosity as well as stiffness, in multi-joint arm movements. While a subject maintains a given hand location, small external disturbances are applied to his hand by a manipulandum. The corresponding force-displacement vectors are measured and sampled over time in order to estimate the hand impedance by means of a

Toshio Tsuji; Pietro G. Morasso; Kazuhiro Goto; Koji Ito

1995-01-01

479

Traumatic hand amputation while wakeboarding  

PubMed Central

Wakeboarding is a sport increasing in popularity in the UK and the rest of the world. It is known to be associated with a high incidence of relatively minor injuries to the participating sportsperson. The authors present the case of a traumatic hand amputation to an associated third party and highlight the potential for serious injuries to all those directly involved with the sport. The authors demonstrate the successful application of military principles to a traumatic amputation in a civilian setting.

Woodacre, Timothy; Marshall, Morwena

2011-01-01

480

Traumatic hand amputation while wakeboarding.  

PubMed

Wakeboarding is a sport increasing in popularity in the UK and the rest of the world. It is known to be associated with a high incidence of relatively minor injuries to the participating sportsperson. The authors present the case of a traumatic hand amputation to an associated third party and highlight the potential for serious injuries to all those directly involved with the sport. The authors demonstrate the successful application of military principles to a traumatic amputation in a civilian setting. PMID:22693318

Woodacre, Timothy; Marshall, Morwena

2011-06-03

481

Prosthetic hands from Touch Bionics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study the innovative design of prosthetic hands now in production from a Scottish spin-off company. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The novel features are described, followed by the details of the mechanical construction and the available grip patterns. The benefits of the modular design are explained, and the function and construction of a skin-like

Christine Connolly

2008-01-01

482

Tools used for hand deburring  

SciTech Connect

This guide is designed to help in quick identification of those tools most commonly used to deburr hand size or smaller parts. Photographs and textual descriptions are used to provide rapid yet detailed information. The data presented include the Bendix Kansas City Division coded tool number, tool description, tool crib in which the tool can be found, the maximum and minimum inventory requirements, the cost of each tool, and the number of the illustration that shows the tool.

Gillespie, L.K.

1981-03-01

483

Gravitational lens on your hands.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The gravitational lens is one of the major topics in the current astrophysics. Using an acryl bar, the authors make a "gravitational lens", which is optically equivalent with a gravitational lens in the universe. The authors show the design of and how to make the gravitational lens. Such a hand-made gravitational lens is quite useful in your classrooms, scientific museums, and public observatories.

Yokoo, T.; Kato, Y.; Hachiya, M.; Fukue, J.

1998-11-01

484

Rubber hands feel touch, but not in blind individuals.  

PubMed

Psychology and neuroscience have a long-standing tradition of studying blind individuals to investigate how visual experience shapes perception of the external world. Here, we study how blind people experience their own body by exposing them to a multisensory body illusion: the somatic rubber hand illusion. In this illusion, healthy blindfolded participants experience that they are touching their own right hand with their left index finger, when in fact they are touching a rubber hand with their left index finger while the experimenter touches their right hand in a synchronized manner (Ehrsson et al. 2005). We compared the strength of this illusion in a group of blind individuals (n = 10), all of whom had experienced severe visual impairment or complete blindness from birth, and a group of age-matched blindfolded sighted participants (n = 12). The illusion was quantified subjectively using questionnaires and behaviorally by asking participants to point to the felt location of the right hand. The results showed that the sighted participants experienced a strong illusion, whereas the blind participants experienced no illusion at all, a difference that was evident in both tests employed. A further experiment testing the participants' basic ability to localize the right hand in space without vision (proprioception) revealed no difference between the two groups. Taken together, these results suggest that blind individuals with impaired visual development have a more veridical percept of self-touch and a less flexible and dynamic representation of their own body in space compared to sighted individuals. We speculate that the multisensory brain systems that re-map somatosensory signals onto external reference frames are less developed in blind individuals and therefore do not allow efficient fusion of tactile and proprioceptive signals from the two upper limbs into a single illusory experience of self-touch as in sighted individuals. PMID:22558268

Petkova, Valeria I; Zetterberg, Hedvig; Ehrsson, H Henrik

2012-04-27

485

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed\\u000a at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative\\u000a treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings.\\u000a The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was

Ewa Misterska; Maciej G?owacki; Jerzy Harasymczuk

2009-01-01

486

Electronic pain questionnaires: A randomized, crossover comparison with paper questionnaires for chronic pain assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic questionnaires for pain assessment are becoming increasingly popular. There have been no published reports to establish the equivalence or psychometric properties of common pain questionnaires administered via desktop computers. This study compared responses to paper (P) and touch screen electronic (E) versions of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and Pain Disability Index (PDI), while examining the role of

Andrew J Cook; David A Roberts; Michael D Henderson; Lisa C Van Winkle; Dania C Chastain; Robin J Hamill-Ruth

2004-01-01

487

Ciencias en Espanol, 1995-96 (Sciences in Spanish, 1995-96). Research Report on Educational Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An elementary science program was taught in Spanish for English-speaking children to give them the opportunity to acquire second language skills through hands-on science instruction. The program included 4 classes of approximately 22 students at kindergarten and first-grade levels in the gifted and talented program at the Gary Herod Elementary…

Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

488

Body image and quality of life in a Spanish population  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties, factor structure, and internal consistency of the Spanish version of the Body Image Quality of Life Inventory (BIQLI-SP) as well as its test–retest reliability. Further objectives were to analyze different relationships with key dimensions of psychosocial functioning (ie, self-esteem, presence of psychopathological symptoms, eating and body image-related problems, and perceived stress) and to evaluate differences in body image quality of life due to gender. Patients and methods The sample comprised 417 students without any psychiatric history, recruited from the Pablo de Olavide University and the University of Seville. There were 140 men (33.57%) and 277 women (66.43%), and the mean age was 21.62 years (standard deviation = 5.12). After obtaining informed consent from all participants, the following questionnaires were administered: BIQLI, Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2), Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Results The BIQLI-SP shows adequate psychometric properties, and it may be useful to determine the body image quality of life in different physical conditions. A more positive body image quality of life is associated with better self-esteem, better psychological wellbeing, and fewer eating-related dysfunctional attitudes, this being more evident among women. Conclusion The BIQLI-SP may be useful to determine the body image quality of life in different contexts with regard to dermatology, cosmetic and reconstructive surgery, and endocrinology, among others. In these fields of study, a new trend has emerged to assess body image-related quality of life.

Lobera, Ignacio Jauregui; Rios, Patricia Bolanos

2011-01-01

489

Hand Eczema in Swedish Adults – Changes in Prevalence between 1983 and 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand eczema is the most frequent occupational skin disease. Our aim was to study changes in its prevalence in Swedish adults. Cross-sectional studies were performed in 1983 and 1996. Random samples from the population of Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 20–65 y, were drawn from the population register. Data were collected with a postal questionnaire, which was identical in the two studies.

Birgitta Meding; Bengt Järvholm

2002-01-01

490

Incidence of Hand Eczema—A Population-Based Retrospective Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

When etiological relationship is of interest, the incidence rate is a preferred measure. The aim of the present retrospective study was to estimate the incidence rate of self-reported hand eczema in a sample from the general population and to study the relation of this to age, sex, and atopy. A questionnaire was mailed to 3000 individuals aged 20–65 y, randomly

Birgitta Meding; Bengt Järvholm

2004-01-01

491

Validity of self reported occupational exposures to hand transmitted and whole body vibration  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo assess the accuracy with which workers report their exposure to occupational sources of hand transmitted (HTV) and whole body vibration (WBV).METHODS179 Workers from various jobs involving exposure to HTV or WBV completed a self administered questionnaire about sources of occupational exposure to vibration in the past week. They were then observed at work over 1 hour, after which they

Keith T Palmer; Barbara Haward; Michael J Griffin; Holly Bendall; David Coggon

2000-01-01

492

Hand motion and image stabilization in hand-held devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mobile imaging market is a rapidly developing market, and has outgrown the traditional imaging market. This market is dominated by CMOS sensors, with pixels getting small and smaller. As pixel size is reduced, the sensitivity is lowered and must be compensated by longer exposure times. However, in the mobile market, this amount to increased motion blur. We characterize the hand motion with a typical shooting scenario. This data can be used to create an evaluation procedure for image stabilization solutions, and we indeed present one such procedure.

Mar-Or, Etay; Dmitry, Pundik

2008-01-01

493

Healthcare workers' and parents' perceptions of measures for improving adherence to hand-hygiene  

PubMed Central

Background This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions of healthcare workers (HCW) and parents regarding hand-hygiene and effectiveness of measures for increasing hand-hygiene adherence, in a children's hospital in Italy. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed from 5 to 13 July 2010, using two self-administered anonymous questionnaires (one for HCWs and one for parents/caregivers). The questionnaires included information regarding individual perceptions associated with hand hygiene. Results We collected 139 questionnaires from HCWs and 236 questionnaires from parents. Alcohol-based handrub was reported to be available at the point of care by 95.0% of the HCWs and in the child's room by 97.0% of the parents. For both HCWs and parents, availability of alcohol-based handrub was perceived as the most useful action for improving adherence to hand hygiene (scores ? 6 on a 7-point Likert-type scale: 84.8% [CI95%78.0-90.1] for HCWs and 87.9% [CI95% 83.3-91.7] for parents). Parents' reminding HCWs to perform hand hygiene was perceived as the least useful action (scores ? 6: 48.9% [CI95% 40.5-57.3] for HCWs and 55.7% [CI95% 49.2-62.1] for parents). Factors that affected HCWs' perceptions of the effectiveness of actions for improving adherence to hand hygiene included years of practice, type of ward and previous formal training on hand hygiene. For parents, factors affecting perceptions included previous information on hand hygiene and previous hospitalizations for their child. Conclusions Investigating HCWs' and parents' perceptions of measures for improving adherence can provide useful information for implementing actions for hand-hygiene promotion in children's hospitals. In this study, HCWs' and parents' perceptions were similar; alcohol-based hand-rub availability was perceived as the most useful tool, confirming its crucial role in multimodal interventions. Poor perception of inviting parents to remind HCWs to perform hand-hygiene has been previously observed, and deserves further investigation. Information and education activities were associated with more positive perceptions regarding various improvement measures. Though the relationship between perceptions and behaviours remains to be fully determined, HCWs should participate in formal training and families should be properly informed, not only to increase knowledge but also to improve perceptions on effectiveness of actions to be implemented.

2011-01-01

494

Validation of the English version of the Five-Factor Self-Concept Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Background: The Spanish Five-Factor Self-Concept Questionnaire (AF5) is one of the most widely used instruments assessing self-concept with Spanish-speaking samples. It is also one of the few psychometrically sound instruments assessing self-concept from a multidimensional perspective. The availability of the AF5 in both languages (Spanish and English) would expand its potential, and would facilitate cross-cultural research. Method: To validate the English version of the AF5, we used multi-sample confirmatory factor analysis. The sample was 624 USA respondents, 301 males (48%) and 323 females, ranging in age from 14 to 18 (M = 16.21, SD = 1.08). Results: The English version of the AF5 does not change the original factor weights, the variances and covariances of the factors, or the error variances of items, with regard to the original Spanish five-factor model. The five factors proposed -academic, social, emotional, family, and physical- satisfactorily reproduce the inter-item relationships of the original Spanish version. The reliability for all items and dimensions of the English version was also good, with similar results as the original version. Conclusions: This preliminary validation study of the English version of the AF5 showed that it is an acceptable measure to be used with English-speaking adolescents. PMID:24124791

García, Fernando; Gracia, Enrique; Zeleznova, Alina

2013-11-01

495

Publishing Spanish-Language Books in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the need for Spanish language materials as a result of the growth of the Hispanic population, and describes issues faced by one children's book publisher. Topics include how books are selected for translation; Spanish only versus bilingual editions; selecting translators; standard Spanish versus regional Spanish; and information for…

Lee, Philip

2002-01-01

496

Measuring home advantage in Spanish handball.  

PubMed

Since Pollard established the system for analysing home advantage in 1986, it has been demonstrated and quantified in various sports, including many team sports. This study aims to assess whether home advantage exists in handball, using a sample of more than 19,000 Spanish handball league games. Results of the games played at home and away, the sex of the players, and the levels of the competition were included as variables. In Spanish handball, there was a home advantage of 61%, which means, on average, the team playing at home wins 61% of points available. This value varies according to sex and according to competition level, increasing as competition level decreases and season rank improves. PMID:22582700

Gutiérrez Aguilar, Oscar; Saavedra García, Miguel; Fernández Romero, Juan José

2012-02-01

497

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

498

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2010-04-01

499

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2009-04-01

500

Wide-Coverage Spanish Named Entity Extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a proposal for wide-coverage Named EntityExtraction for Spanish. The extraction of named entities is treated\\u000a using robust Machine Learning techniques (AdaBoost) and simple attributes requiring non-linguisticallypro cessed corpora,\\u000a complemented with external information sources (a list of trigger words and a gazetteer). A thorough evaluation of the task\\u000a on real corpora is presented in order to validate the

Xavier Carreras; Lluís Màrquez; Lluís Padró

2002-01-01