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1

21 CFR 1250.35 - Health of persons handling food.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Health of persons handling food. 1250.35...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances, and Vessels § 1250.35 Health of persons handling food....

2014-04-01

2

Information Handling is the Problem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the concerns surrounding the automation of information handling. There are two types of decision support software that supports most Space Station Flight Controllers. one is very simple, and the other is very complex. A middle ground is sought. This is the reason for the Human Centered Autonomous and Assistant Systems Testbed (HCAAST) Project. The aim is to study flight controllers at work, and in the bigger picture, with particular attention to how they handle information and how coordination of multiple teams is performed. The focus of the project is on intelligent assistants to assist in handling information for the flight controllers.

Malin, Jane T.

2001-01-01

3

Agenda: a personal information manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

The free-form, evolving, personal information that people deal with in the course of their daily activities requires more flexible data structures and data management systems than tabular data structures provide. A tool for managing personal information must conveniently handle freetextual data; allow for structure to evolve gracefully as the database grows; represent unnormalized data; and support data entry through database

S. Jerrold Kaplan; Mitchell D. Kapor; Edward J. Belove; Richard A. Landsman; Todd R. Drake

1990-01-01

4

Information Handling, Organizational Structure, and Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses examples from military strategic communications to demonstrate that organizational structures and the distribution of power within organizational structures adapt to changes in information handling capability. It is concluded that delegation and decentralization can be viewed as indicative of inadequate information handling and that improved…

Buckland, Michael K.

1989-01-01

5

Explaining Scenarios for Information Personalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization customizes information access. The PIPE ('Personalization is Partial Evaluation') modeling methodology represents interaction with an information space as a program. The program is then specialized to a user's known interests or information seeking activity by the technique of partial evaluation. In this paper, we elaborate PIPE by considering requirements analysis in the personalization lifecycle. We investigate the use of

Naren Ramakrishnan; Mary Beth Rosson; John M. Carroll

2001-01-01

6

The Computer Subroutine in Information Handling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Generalized computational subroutines can reduce programing repetitions and wasteful computer storage use. The most useful are those that are flexible enough to handle a wide variety of situations. Subroutines may have details open to change in order to blend into the main program. They may be built into the computer library or supplied by the…

Riggs, Donald E.

7

Economics of Personal Data Management: Fair Personal Information Trades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Individuals today have no control over the way their personal information is being used even though they are the ones to suffer the consequences of any unwanted uses of their information. We propose addressing this externality through the creation of a market for personal information, where licenses to access individuals' personal information will be voluntarily traded. Through this market, satisfactory compensation to the information owner is provided, whilst personal information remains under the owner's control. Using cryptographic tools and micropayments we propose and develop a prototype for personal information trades where the above principles are implemented and tested.

Tasidou, A.; Efraimidis, P. S.; Katos, V.

8

Neural-model, information-handling architecture and method  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a neural-model, broadcast-hierarchical, locality-of-communication-dominant, information-handling architecture structure comprising: a first information-handling level, including plural information-handling families organized into groups of such families, with each family in each group including at least two communication units and an associated communication center for communicating via a first level communication bus, directly on the first level, only with its family-associated units and with the communication centers in the other families in the same group, thus to enable broadcast communication, and simultaneous cooperative information handling, between different, respective, selected units in the families in the group, and at least one other, higher-level, information-handling level, including means operatively communicative directly with the communication centers in the families in the first level for enabling the selective broadcast communication of information between different centers in the different groups via second level communication bus, thus to accommodate broadcast communication, and simultaneous cooperative information handling, between selected units in the families in different groups which share the first level.

Hammerstrom, D.W.; Bailey, J.L.

1989-01-03

9

Smart Mote-Based Medical System for Monitoring and Handling Medication Among Persons with Dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel smart mote-based portable medical system which automatically monitors and handles medication among\\u000a persons with dementia based on wireless multimodal sensors, actuators and mobile phone or PDA (Personal Digital Assistance)\\u000a technology. In particular, we present the subtle design, implementation and deployment issues of monitoring the patient’s\\u000a behavior and providing adaptive assistive intervention such as prompts or

Victor Foo Siang Fook; Jhy Haur Tee; Kon Sang Yap; Aung Aung Phyo Wai; Maniyeri Jayachandran; Jit Biswas; Peng Hin Lee

2007-01-01

10

Controlling and Disclosing your Personal Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

As organizations come to rely on the collection and use of personal information in order to complete the transactions and providing good services to their users, more and more user personal information is being shared with web service providers leading to the need to protect the privacy. Personal information is processed, stored and disclosed and often it generated in the

NORJIHAN ABDUL GHANI; ZAILANI MOHAMED SIDEK

2009-01-01

11

Using Internet Services for Personal Information Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The popularity and improvement in features provided by various Internet services are leading us to a situation where personal\\u000a information items can be stored and managed online. Personal Information Management (PIM) refers to a set of activities a\\u000a person performs in order to acquire or create, store, organize, maintain, retrieve, use and distribute personal information\\u000a for different purposes, including preserving

Shaheen Majid; Myint Malar San; Saw Tin Naung Tun; Thu Zar

12

28 CFR 906.2 - Third party handling of criminal history record information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Third party handling of criminal history record information. 906.2 Section...2 Third party handling of criminal history record information. (a) Except as...paragraph (b) of this section, criminal history record information obtained from...

2013-07-01

13

How Do Students Organize Personal Information Spaces?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to empirically reveal strategies of students' organization of learning-related digital materials within an online personal information archive. Research population included 518 students who utilized the personal Web space allocated to them on the university servers for archiving information items, and data describing…

Hardof-Jaffe, Sharon; Hershkovitz, Arnon; Abu-Kishk, Hama; Bergman, Ofer; Nachmias, Rafi

2009-01-01

14

Adaptive Visualization for Focused Personalized Information Retrieval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new trend on the Web has totally changed today's information access environment. The traditional information overload problem has evolved into the qualitative level beyond the quantitative growth. The mode of producing and consuming information is changing and we need a new paradigm for accessing information. Personalized search is one of…

Ahn, Jae-wook

2010-01-01

15

Managing Personal and Group Collections of Information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The internet revolution has dramatically increased the amount of information available to users. Various tools such as search engines have been developed to help users find the information they need from this vast repository. Users often also need tools to help manipulate the growing amount of useful information they have discovered. Current tools available for this purpose are typically local components of web browsers designed to manage URL bookmarks. They provide limited functionalities to handle high information complexities. To tackle this have created DIAMS, an agent-based tool to help users or groups manage their information collections and share their collections with other. the main features of DIAMS are described here.

Wolfe, Shawn R.; Wragg, Stephen D.; Chen, James R.; Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

16

Personal medical information system using laser card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The well-known hospital information system (HIS) and the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) are typical applications of multimedia to medical area. This paper proposes a personal medical information save-and-carry system using a laser card. This laser card is very useful, especially in emergency situations, because the medical information in the laser card can be read at anytime and anywhere if there exists a laser card reader/writer. The contents of the laser card include the clinical histories of a patient such as clinical chart, exam result, diagnostic reports, images, and so on. The purpose of this system is not a primary diagnosis, but emergency reference of clinical history of the patient. This personal medical information system consists of a personal computer integrated with laser card reader/writer, color frame grabber, color CCD camera and a high resolution image scanner optionally. Window-based graphical user interface was designed for easy use. The laser card has relatively sufficient capacity to store the personal medical information, and has fast access speed to restore and load the data with a portable size as compact as a credit card. Database items of laser card provide the doctors with medical data such as laser card information, patient information, clinical information, and diagnostic result information.

Cho, Seong H.; Kim, Keun H.; Choi, Hyung-Sik; Park, Hyun W.

1996-04-01

17

The Personal Construction of Information Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of Repertory Grid methodology as a means of externalizing an individual's view of information space. Discusses personal construct theory (PCT), describes the Grid method with a single participant, and proposes future work which will investigate the extent to which individuals share perceptions of information space. (Author/LRW)

McKnight, Cliff

2000-01-01

18

Protecting Your Child's Personal Information at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Back to school--an annual ritual that includes buying new notebooks, packing lunches, coordinating transportation, and filling out forms: registration forms, health forms, permission slips, and emergency contact forms, to name a few. Many school forms require personal and, sometimes, sensitive information. In the wrong hands, this information can…

Federal Trade Commission, 2012

2012-01-01

19

Personal Atmospheric Gas Sampler with a Critical Orifice. Part 2 - System for Handling and Analyzing the Gas from the Sampler.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A gas handling and analyzing system has been developed to analyze, in the range of 1 ppm, unwanted atmospheric contaminants collected and stored at subambient pressures in a suitable container such as the personal gas sampler developed by NRL for the Nati...

H. G. Eaton J. P. Stone F. W. Williams

1976-01-01

20

Multidimensional search for personal information management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the explosion in the amount of semi-structured data users ac- cess and store in personal information management systems, there is a need for complex search tools to retrieve often very heteroge- neous data in a simple and efficient way. Existing tools usually in- dex text content, allowing for some IR-style ranking on the textual part of the query, but

Christopher Peery; Wei Wang; Amélie Marian; Thu D. Nguyen

2008-01-01

21

Handling Vagueness, Subjectivity, and Imprecision in Information Access: An Introduction to the Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issues comprises nine papers presenting a wide selection of approaches to handling subjectivity, vagueness, and imprecision in information retrieval (IR) and database management necessary for success in designing, developing and implementing effective tools for information access. (LRW)

Crestani, Fabio; Pasi, Gabriella

2003-01-01

22

Adaptive interface for personalizing information seeking.  

PubMed

An adaptive interface autonomously adjusts its display and available actions to current goals and abilities of the user by assessing user status, system task, and the context. Knowledge content adaptability is needed for knowledge acquisition and refinement tasks. In the case of knowledge content adaptability, the requirements of interface design focus on the elicitation of information from the user and the refinement of information based on patterns of interaction. In such cases, the emphasis on adaptability is on facilitating information search and knowledge discovery. In this article, we present research on adaptive interfaces that facilitates personalized information seeking from a large data warehouse. The resulting proof-of-concept system, called source recommendation system (SRS), assists users in locating and navigating data sources in the repository. Based on the initial user query and an analysis of the content of the search results, the SRS system generates a profile of the user tailored to the individual's context during information seeking. The user profiles are refined successively and are used in progressively guiding the user to the appropriate set of sources within the knowledge base. The SRS system is implemented as an Internet browser plug-in to provide a seamless and unobtrusive, personalized experience to the users during the information search process. The rationale behind our approach, system design, empirical evaluation, and implications for research on adaptive interfaces are described in this paper. PMID:15687803

Narayanan, S; Koppaka, Lavanya; Edala, Narasimha; Loritz, Don; Daley, Raymond

2004-12-01

23

Drinking from a Fire Hose: A Study of Information Interactions in the Personal Offices of Members of Congress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much as been written about information technologies and politics, less is known about how information is handled in congressional personal offices. What happens when a constituent sends an email to their Congressman? How does a Senator get information about the pros and cons of a proposed bill? A study was conducted to understand the…

Weissmann, Deborah

2010-01-01

24

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Individual access to personal information. 310.17 Section... PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.17 Individual access to personal information. (a)...

2009-07-01

25

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Individual access to personal information. 310.17 Section... PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.17 Individual access to personal information. (a)...

2010-07-01

26

Personalized genomic results: analysis of informational needs.  

PubMed

Use of genomic information in healthcare is increasing; however data on the needs of consumers of genomic information is limited. The Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative (CPMC) is a longitudinal study investigating the utility of personalized medicine. Participants receive results reflecting risk of common complex conditions and drug-gene pairs deemed actionable by an external review board. To explore the needs of individuals receiving genomic information we reviewed all genetic counseling sessions with CPMC participants. A retrospective qualitative review of notes from 157 genetic counseling inquiries was conducted. Notes were coded for salient themes. Five primary themes; "understanding risk", "basic genetics", "complex disease genetics", "what do I do now?" and "other" were identified. Further review revealed that participants had difficulty with basic genetic concepts, confused relative and absolute risks, and attributed too high a risk burden to individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Despite these hurdles, counseled participants recognized that behavior changes could potentially mitigate risk and there were few comments alluding to an overly deterministic or fatalistic interpretation of results. Participants appeared to recognize the multifactorial nature of the diseases for which results were provided; however education to understand the complexities of genomic risk information was often needed. PMID:24488620

Schmidlen, Tara J; Wawak, Lisa; Kasper, Rachel; García-España, J Felipe; Christman, Michael F; Gordon, Erynn S

2014-08-01

27

A user profile-based approach for personal information access: shaping your information portfolio  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the spread of internet, internet-based information service business has started to become profitable. One of the key technologies is personalization. Successful internet information services must realize personalized information delivery, by which the users can automatically receive highly tuned information according to their personal needs and preferences. In order to realize such personalized information services, we have developed an automatic

Lo Ka Kan; Xiang Peng; Irwin King

2006-01-01

28

10 CFR 1004.11 - Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization. 1004.11 Section...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization....

2009-01-01

29

10 CFR 1004.11 - Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization. 1004.11 Section...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization....

2010-01-01

30

Personalized online information search and visualization  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure is usually similar and simple. Likely, it involves a search engine and a visualization interface. Different words or combination reflects different research topics. The objective of this study is to automate this tedious procedure by recording those words/terms in a database and online sources, and use the information for an automated search and retrieval. The retrieved information will be available anytime and anywhere through a secure web server. Results We developed such a database that stored searching terms, journals and et al., and implement a piece of software for searching the medical subject heading-indexed sources such as the Medline and other online sources automatically. The returned information were stored locally, as is, on a server and visible through a Web-based interface. The search was performed daily or otherwise scheduled and the users logon to the website anytime without typing any words. The system has potentials to retrieve similarly from non-medical subject heading-indexed literature or a privileged information source such as a clinical information system. The issues such as security, presentation and visualization of the retrieved information were thus addressed. One of the presentation issues such as wireless access was also experimented. A user survey showed that the personalized online searches saved time and increased and relevancy. Handheld devices could also be used to access the stored information but less satisfactory. Conclusion The Web-searching software or similar system has potential to be an efficient tool for both bench scientists and clinicians for their daily information needs.

Chen, Dongquan; Orthner, Helmuth F; Sell, Susan M

2005-01-01

31

75 FR 9860 - Release, Handling, and Protection of Restricted Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or financial and confidential or privileged...information designated by NASA as Sensitive But...or financial and confidential or privileged...Information designated by NASA as Sensitive But...or financial and confidential or privileged...Information designated by NASA as Sensitive...

2010-03-04

32

34 CFR 300.123 - Confidentiality of personally identifiable information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Confidentiality of personally identifiable information. 300.123 Section 300.123 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...Eligibility Additional Eligibility Requirements § 300.123 Confidentiality of personally identifiable...

2013-07-01

33

32 CFR 505.4 - Collecting personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT...information is being collected so they can make an informed decision as to providing the personal information. (3) In...

2013-07-01

34

32 CFR 327.6 - Collecting personal information  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...furnish certain information such as exact...records, or similar information. (c) Collecting social security numbers...requested to furnish personal information about himself...regardless of the medium used to...

2009-07-01

35

32 CFR 327.6 - Collecting personal information  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...furnish certain information such as exact...records, or similar information. (c) Collecting social security numbers...requested to furnish personal information about himself...regardless of the medium used to...

2010-07-01

36

Content Sharing Based on Personal Information in Virtually Secured Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

User generated contents (UGC) are shared in an open space like social media where users can upload and consume contents freely. Since the access of contents is not restricted, the contents could be delivered to unwanted users or misused sometimes. In this paper, we propose a method for sharing UGCs securely based on the personal information of users. With the proposed method, virtual secure space is created for contents delivery. The virtual secure space allows UGC creator to deliver contents to users who have similar personal information and they can consume the contents without any leakage of personal information. In order to verify the usefulness of the proposed method, the experiment was performed where the content was encrypted with personal information of creator, and users with similar personal information have decrypted and consumed the contents. The results showed that UGCs were securely shared among users who have similar personal information.

Sohn, Hosik; Ro, Yong Man; Plataniotis, Kostantinos N.

37

Personal Genomic Information Management and Personalized Medicine: Challenges, Current Solutions, and Roles of HIM Professionals  

PubMed Central

In recent years, the term personalized medicine has received more and more attention in the field of healthcare. The increasing use of this term is closely related to the astonishing advancement in DNA sequencing technologies and other high-throughput biotechnologies. A large amount of personal genomic data can be generated by these technologies in a short time. Consequently, the needs for managing, analyzing, and interpreting these personal genomic data to facilitate personalized care are escalated. In this article, we discuss the challenges for implementing genomics-based personalized medicine in healthcare, current solutions to these challenges, and the roles of health information management (HIM) professionals in genomics-based personalized medicine.

Alzu'bi, Amal; Zhou, Leming; Watzlaf, Valerie

2014-01-01

38

Integrating Memory Context into Personal Information Re-finding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal information archives are emerging as a new challenge for information retrieval (IR) techniques. The user's memory plays a greater role in retrieval from person archives than from other more traditional types of information collection (e.g. the Web), due to the large overlap of its content and individual human memory of the captured material. This paper presents a new analysis

Yi Chen; Gareth J

39

Communications Related to Weather Information Handling and Dissemination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the tasking contained in the Statement of Work and describes the results of the project. In addition, it addresses the principles, procedures, and methods of application that would be generally applicable to using the results of the project. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is involved in the Aviation Weather Information (AWIN) Program, which has a goal of reducing the aircraft accident rate, by a factor of five within 10 years and by a factor of 10 within 20 years. GRC's effort concentrates on the communications means needed to disseminate effective weather data. GRC's focus in on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of weather information between airborne and ground-based users.

Dhas, Chris

2000-01-01

40

Continuum Thinking and the Contexts of Personal Information Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Recent personal information management literature has underlined the significance of the contextuality of personal information and its use. The present article discusses the applicability of the records continuum model and its generalisation, continuum thinking, as a theoretical framework for explicating the overlap and evolution of…

Huvila, Isto; Eriksen, Jon; Häusner, Eva-Maria; Jansson, Ina-Maria

2014-01-01

41

Are Norms of Disclosure of Online and Offline Personal Information Associated with the Disclosure of Personal Information Online?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether norms of self-disclosure of one's online and offline identity are linked to online disclosure of personal and intimate information. We expected online disclosure of personal and intimate information to be associated with norms of online disclosure. Secondary analysis of the 2006 Pew and American Life Survey of…

Mesch, Gustavo S.; Beker, Guy

2010-01-01

42

Individual Information-Centered Approach for Handling Physical Activity Missing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to validate individual information (II)-centered methods for handling missing data, using data samples of 118 middle-aged adults and 91 older adults equipped with Yamax SW-200 pedometers and Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. We used a semisimulation approach to create six data sets: three physical activity outcome…

Kang, Minsoo; Rowe, David A.; Barreira, Tiago V.; Robinson, Terrance S.; Mahar, Matthew T.

2009-01-01

43

The Personalized Information Retrieval Model Based on User Interest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Personalized information retrieval systems can help customers to gain orientation in information overload by determining which items are relevant for their interests. One type of information retrieval is content-based filtering. In content-based filtering, items contain words in natural language. Meanings of words in natural language are often ambiguous. The problem of word meaning disambiguation is often decomposed to determining semantic similarity of words. In this paper, the architecture of personalized information retrieval based on user interest is presented. The architecture includes user interface model, user interest model, detecting interest model and update model. It established a user model for personalized information retrieval based on user interest keyword list on client server, which can supply personalized information retrieval service for user with the communications and collaboration of all modules of the architecture.

Gong, Songjie

44

An Information Architecture To Support the Visualization of Personal Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an information architecture for personal-history data and describes how the data model can be extended to a runtime model for a compact visualization using graphical timelines. The model groups personal-history events into aggregates that are contained in facets, crosslinks are made, and data attributes are mapped. (Author/LRW)

Plaisant, Catherine; Shneiderman, Ben; Mushlin, Rich

1998-01-01

45

Managing Personal and Group Collections of Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The internet revolution has dramatically increased the amount of information available to users. Various tools such as search engines have been developed to help users find the information they need from this vast repository. Users often also need tools t...

S. R. Wolfe S. D. Wragg J. R. Chen

1999-01-01

46

A Self-Disclosure Model for Personal Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technologies (IT) to collect personal health information is growing in popularity via computer-assisted interviewing and a wide variety of healthcare Web sites. However, a review of the literature on computer-assisted interviewing exhibits confounding and equivocal results regarding the effects of IT on individuals' willingness to disclose socially sensitive health information. Some studies revealed individuals' heightened concerns

Lotus E. Kam; William G. Chismar

2003-01-01

47

32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Sending personal information over electronic mail. 806b.29 Section 806b.29 National...Sending personal information over electronic mail. (a) Exercise caution before transmitting personal information over e-mail to ensure it is adequately...

2013-07-01

48

Personality and Information Gathering in Free-Ranging Great Tits  

PubMed Central

One aspect of animal personality that has been well described in captivity, but received only little attention in studies in the wild, is that personality types may vary in their behavioural flexibility towards environmental changes. A fundamental factor underlying such differences is believed to be the degree to which individual behavior is guided by environmental stimuli. We tested this hypothesis in the wild using free-ranging great tits. Personality variation was quantified using exploratory behaviour in a novel environment, which has previously been shown to be repeatable and correlated with other behaviours in this and other populations of the same species. By temporarily removing food at feeding stations we examined whether birds with different personality differed in returning to visit empty feeders as this may provide information on how birds continue to sample their environment after a sudden change in conditions. In two summer experiments, we found that fast-exploring juveniles visited empty feeders less often compared to slow-exploring juveniles. In winter, sampling behaviour was sex dependent but not related to personality. In both seasons, we found that birds who sampled empty feeders more often were more likely to rediscover food after we again re-baited the feeding stations, but there was no effect of personality. Our results show that personality types may indeed differ in ways of collecting environmental information, which is consistent with the view of personalities as different styles of coping with environmental changes. The adaptive value of these alternative behavioural tactics, however, needs to be further explored.

van Overveld, Thijs; Matthysen, Erik

2013-01-01

49

The psychology of personal information management.  

PubMed

A requirement of 'The Office of the Future' is that it provides us with an effective way of storing and retrieving information. But existing IT products go nowhere near supporting the variety of activities which can be observed in paper-based offices, and it is not surprising that concepts of the 'paperless office' are as far off as they were when the idea was first mooted. This paper illustrates how many of the issues involved in the automation of information management are essentially psychological in nature. These principally devolve upon the processes of recall, recognition and categorisation. Examples of existing information management techniques show how there is a trend to automate with a view to simulating office practices, or to develop according to the availability of technological solutions. Both of these are inefficient with respect to the user's psychological needs. A framework for developing user-oriented information management systems is discussed and relevant research issues presented. PMID:15676648

Lansdale, M W

1988-03-01

50

Personal Information Search on Mobile Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today's mobile devices, especially mobile phones, are comparable in computing capability and storage to the desktop computers of a few years ago. Tbe volume and diversity of the information kept on mobile devices has continually increased and users have t...

M. Akbas

2007-01-01

51

The User-Subjective Approach to Personal Information Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains personal information management (PIM) systems and suggests a user-subjective approach to PIM system design. Advocates that PIM systems relate to the subjective value-added attributes that the user gives the stored data so that the user can find information again, recall it when needed, and use it effectively in the next interaction.…

Bergman, Ofer; Beyth-Marom, Ruth; Nachmias, Rafi

2003-01-01

52

Fenix-Personalized Information Filtering System for WWW Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests the use of intelligent agents for the personalized filtering of WWW (World Wide Web) pages and describes the development of a system to satisfy the user's need for information while reducing the amount of information the user has to deal with through relevance feedback. (Author/LRW)

Delicato, Flavia Coimbra; Pirmez, Luci; Rust da Costa Carmo, Luiz Fernando

2001-01-01

53

Personalized online information search and visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure

Dongquan Chen; Helmuth F Orthner; Susan M Sell

2005-01-01

54

Cognitive, personality, and social factors associated with adolescents' online personal information disclosure.  

PubMed

The current study aims to understand the factors that influence adolescents' disclosure of personally identifiable information (PII) on social networking sites (SNSs). A survey was conducted among 780 adolescent participants (between 13 and 18) who were Facebook users. Structural equation modeling was used for analyzing the data and obtaining an overarching model that include cognitive, personality, and social factors that influence adolescents' PII disclosure. Results showed privacy concern as the cognitive factor reduces adolescents' PII disclosure and it serves as a potential mediator for personality and social factors. Amongst personality factors, narcissism was found to directly increase PII disclosure, and social anxiety indirectly decreases PII disclosure by increasing privacy concern. Amongst social factors, active parental mediation decreases PII disclosure directly and indirectly by increasing privacy concern. Restrictive parental mediation decreases PII disclosure only indirectly by increasing privacy concern. Implications of the findings to parents, educators, and policy makers were discussed. PMID:23849657

Liu, Cong; Ang, Rebecca P; Lwin, May O

2013-08-01

55

Ubiquitous Data Management in a Personal Information Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel research work on Personal Information Environment (PIE), which is a relatively new field to get explored. PIE is a self managing pervasive environment. It contains an individual's personal pervasive information associated within user's related or non-related contextual environments. Contexts are vitally important because they control, influence and affect everything within them by dominating its pervasive content(s). This paper shows in depth the achievement of Personal Information Environment, which deals with a user's devices, which are to be spontaneous, readily self-manageable on autonomic basis. This paper shows an actual implementation of pervasive data management of a PIE-user, which contains append and update of PIE's data from the last device used by the user to another PIE devices for further processing and storage needs. Data recharging is utilized to transmit and receive data among PIE devices.

Mohammad, Atif Farid

56

Consumer Acceptance of Personal Information and Communication Technology Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's information and communication technol- ogy (ICT)-enabled service economy, there is great interest in digital service management. While the extant technology acceptance re- search has mainly studied user acceptance of various ICTs, there is a dearth of research on consumer acceptance of personal ICT services. In this paper, we extend the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology

James Y. L. Thong; Viswanath Venkatesh; Xin Xu; Se-Joon Hong; Kar Yan Tam

2011-01-01

57

Personal information in UK public registers: its availability and use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on concerns in the UK regarding the possible abuse of personal information that can be found in lists that are required to be made available to the public under statute or regulation. Cites examples of such possible abuse including a murder case where the victim was allegedly identified as a target by the murderer by means of the Electoral

Barbara Boguscz; J. Eric Davies; Charles Oppenheim

2000-01-01

58

Unified structure and content search for personal information management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

User data stored in personal information systems is growing massively. Simultaneously, this data is increasingly distributed across multiple organizational domains such as email, music databases, and photo albums, some of which are structured automatically by applications. Powerful search tools are needed to help users locate data in these expanding yet fragmented data sets. In this paper, we present a novel

Wei Wang; Amélie Marian; Thu D. Nguyen

2011-01-01

59

Content Sharing Based on Personal Information in Virtually Secured Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

User generated contents (UGC) are shared in an open space like social media where users can upload and consume contents freely. Since the access of contents is not restricted, the contents could be delivered to unwanted users or misused sometimes. In this paper, we propose a method for sharing UGCs securely based on the personal information of users. With the

Hosik Sohn; Yong Man Ro; Kostantinos N. Plataniotis

2009-01-01

60

Scalable and Resilient Middleware to Handle Information Exchange during Environment Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EU FP7 TRIDEC project focuses on enabling real-time, intelligent, information management of collaborative, complex, critical decision processes for earth management. A key challenge is to promote a communication infrastructure to facilitate interoperable environment information services during environment events and crises such as tsunamis and drilling, during which increasing volumes and dimensionality of disparate information sources, including sensor-based and human-based ones, can result, and need to be managed. Such a system needs to support: scalable, distributed messaging; asynchronous messaging; open messaging to handling changing clients such as new and retired automated system and human information sources becoming online or offline; flexible data filtering, and heterogeneous access networks (e.g., GSM, WLAN and LAN). In addition, the system needs to be resilient to handle the ICT system failures, e.g. failure, degradation and overloads, during environment events. There are several system middleware choices for TRIDEC based upon a Service-oriented-architecture (SOA), Event-driven-Architecture (EDA), Cloud Computing, and Enterprise Service Bus (ESB). In an SOA, everything is a service (e.g. data access, processing and exchange); clients can request on demand or subscribe to services registered by providers; more often interaction is synchronous. In an EDA system, events that represent significant changes in state can be processed simply, or as streams or more complexly. Cloud computing is a virtualization, interoperable and elastic resource allocation model. An ESB, a fundamental component for enterprise messaging, supports synchronous and asynchronous message exchange models and has inbuilt resilience against ICT failure. Our middleware proposal is an ESB based hybrid architecture model: an SOA extension supports more synchronous workflows; EDA assists the ESB to handle more complex event processing; Cloud computing can be used to increase and decrease the ESB resources on demand. To reify this hybrid ESB centric architecture, we will adopt two complementary approaches: an open source one for scalability and resilience improvement while a commercial one can be used for ultra-speed messaging, whilst we can bridge between these two to support interoperability. In TRIDEC, to manage such a hybrid messaging system, overlay and underlay management techniques will be adopted. The managers (both global and local) will collect, store and update status information (e.g. CPU utilization, free space, number of clients) and balance the usage, throughput, and delays to improve resilience and scalability. The expected resilience improvement includes dynamic failover, self-healing, pre-emptive load balancing, and bottleneck prediction while the expected improvement for scalability includes capacity estimation, Http Bridge, and automatic configuration and reconfiguration (e.g. add or delete clients and servers).

Tao, R.; Poslad, S.; Moßgraber, J.; Middleton, S.; Hammitzsch, M.

2012-04-01

61

A Globally Distributed System for Job, Data, and Information Handling for High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

The computing infrastructures of the modern high energy physics experiments need to address an unprecedented set of requirements. The collaborations consist of hundreds of members from dozens of institutions around the world and the computing power necessary to analyze the data produced surpasses already the capabilities of any single computing center. A software infrastructure capable of seamlessly integrating dozens of computing centers around the world, enabling computing for a large and dynamical group of users, is of fundamental importance for the production of scientific results. Such a computing infrastructure is called a computational grid. The SAM-Grid offers a solution to these problems for CDF and DZero, two of the largest high energy physics experiments in the world, running at Fermilab. The SAM-Grid integrates standard grid middleware, such as Condor-G and the Globus Toolkit, with software developed at Fermilab, organizing the system in three major components: data handling, job handling, and information management. This dissertation presents the challenges and the solutions provided in such a computing infrastructure.

Garzoglio, Gabriele; /DePaul U.

2005-12-01

62

Scientists and Information: II. Personal Factors in Information Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This continuation of a study that explored the information behavior of scientists focuses on a joint analysis of the Kirton Adaptation-Innovation Inventory (KAI) and the Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ), which were used to investigate the cognitive styles, problem-solving styles, creative styles, and learning styles of the scientists. (59…

Palmer, Judith

1991-01-01

63

Content Sharing Based on Personal Information in Virtually Secured Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

User generated contents (UGC) are shared in an open space like social media where users can upload and consume contents freely.\\u000a Since the access of contents is not restricted, the contents could be delivered to unwanted users or misused sometimes. In\\u000a this paper, we propose a method for sharing UGCs securely based on the personal information of users. With the

Hosik Sohn; Yong Man Ro; Konstantinos N. Plataniotis

2008-01-01

64

Disclosing personal health information relating to adults who lack capacity.  

PubMed

The need to share information about patients is vital to effective care and protection, especially where it relates to adults who lack decision-making capacity but it has to be balanced against the right to confidentiality. Like other health professionals, district nurses have a duty to maintain the confidentiality of patient information, and incapable adults have the right to expect their personal health information to be kept private. This right is guaranteed by the common-law duty of confidence, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the NHS Care Record Guarantee and confidentiality policy. This article discusses the district nurse's legal obligations when considering sharing information in relation to an incapable adult PMID:24897837

Griffith, Richard

2014-03-01

65

Relationships: empirical contribution. Understanding personality pathology in adolescents: the five factor model of personality and social information processing.  

PubMed

This study seeks to integrate two research traditions that lie at the base of the understanding of personality pathology in adolescents. The first research tradition refers to normal personality according to the Five Factor Model (FFM). The second tradition specifies the key feature of personality disorder as the capacity to mentalize, which can be reflected in Social Information Processing (SIP). In a clinical sample of 96 adolescents, the authors investigated response generation, coping strategy, and memories of past frustrating experiences as part of SIP, as mediator in the relationship between personality and personality pathology, and a possible moderating role of personality on the relationship between SIP and personality pathology. The hypothesized mediation, by which the effects of personality dimensions on personality pathology was expected to be mediated by SIP variables, was found only for the effect of Neuroticism, most specifically on BPD, which appeared to be mediated by memories the patients had about past frustrating conflict situations with peers. Some moderating effects of personality on the relationship between SIP variables and personality pathology were found, suggesting that high Agreeableness and sometimes low Neuroticism can buffer this relationship. These results suggest that personality dimensions and social cognitions both independently and together play a role in adolescents' personality pathology. PMID:24344893

Hessels, Christel; van den Hanenberg, Danique; de Castro, Bram Orobio; van Aken, Marcel A G

2014-02-01

66

78 FR 54626 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...changes in the environment since the publication of FIPS 201-1, and specific...

2013-09-05

67

NFS File Handle Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each file on an NFS server is uniquely identified by a persistent file handle that is used whenever a client performs any NFS operation. NFS file handles reveal significant amounts of information about the server. If attackers can sniff the file handle, then they may be able to obtain useful information. For example, the encod- ing used by a file

Avishay Traeger; Abhishek Rai; Charles P. Wright; Erez Zadok

68

Personality, Political and Group Process Variables in Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Jimmy Carter's Handling of the Iranian Hostage Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of the decision-making process assuming the rationality of the major actors are not apt to explain actual decision making between states when major values are at stake. Situational, domestic political and bureaucratic constraints, as suggested by this case study of the US response to Iran's taking of American hostages, constrain choices. Beyond these factors, the chief executive's own personality

Betty Glad

1989-01-01

69

A randomized trial of genetic information for personalized nutrition.  

PubMed

Personal genetic information has become increasingly accessible to the public as a result of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests; however, concerns have been raised over their value and potential risks. We compared the effects of providing genotype-based dietary advice with general recommendations on behavioral outcomes using a randomized controlled study. Participants were men and women from the Toronto Nutrigenomics and Health Study between the ages of 20-35 years (n = 149) who completed a survey to assess their awareness of DTC genetic tests and nutrigenomics, as well as potential motivations for undergoing genetic testing. Participants were then randomized into an intervention (I) or control (C) group and were given either genotype-based personalized dietary advice or general dietary advice, respectively. A second survey was administered to assess the participants' opinions of the dietary reports they received. A greater proportion of participants in the intervention group agreed that they understood the dietary advice they were given (93% (I) vs. 78% (C); p = 0.009). Participants in the intervention group were more likely to agree that the dietary recommendations they received would be useful when considering their diet (88% (I) vs. 72% (C); p = 0.02) and wanted to know more about the recommendations (95% (I) vs. 76% (C); p < 0.0001). Only 9% of participants in the intervention group reported feeling uneasy about learning their genetic information. These findings suggest that individuals find dietary recommendations based on genetics more understandable and more useful than general dietary advice. Very few feel uneasy about receiving their genetic information that relates to personalized nutrition. PMID:22407352

Nielsen, Daiva E; El-Sohemy, Ahmed

2012-10-01

70

An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives  

PubMed Central

Background The public is concerned about the privacy of their health information, especially as more of it is collected, stored, and exchanged electronically. But we do not know the extent of leakage of personal health information (PHI) from data custodians. One form of data leakage is through computer equipment that is sold, donated, lost, or stolen from health care facilities or individuals who work at these facilities. Previous studies have shown that it is possible to get sensitive personal information (PI) from second-hand disk drives. However, there have been no studies investigating the leakage of PHI in this way. Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the extent to which PHI can be obtained from second-hand computer disk drives. Methods A list of Canadian vendors selling second-hand computer equipment was constructed, and we systematically went through the shuffled list and attempted to purchase used disk drives from the vendors. Sixty functional disk drives were purchased and analyzed for data remnants containing PHI using computer forensic tools. Results It was possible to recover PI from 65% (95% CI: 52%-76%) of the drives. In total, 10% (95% CI: 5%-20%) had PHI on people other than the owner(s) of the drive, and 8% (95% CI: 7%-24%) had PHI on the owner(s) of the drive. Some of the PHI included very sensitive mental health information on a large number of people. Conclusions There is a strong need for health care data custodians to either encrypt all computers that can hold PHI on their clients or patients, including those used by employees and subcontractors in their homes, or to ensure that their computers are destroyed rather than finding a second life in the used computer market.

Neri, Emilio; Jonker, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

71

Livestock Handling  

MedlinePLUS

Livestock Handling Farm workers, ranchers, family members and visitors are injured every year by livestock. Many of these injuries occur when handling livestock. • Label livestock handling areas to warn away visitors. • Design livestock pens and handling facilities ...

72

Personalized Information Environments: Do Public Libraries Want a Slice of the PIE?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of personalized information environments (PIEs) focuses on library personalized interfaces. Describes academic library PIEs and commercial sites, such as Amazon.com that use personalization; explores the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg's personalized interface; and discusses opportunities and challenges PIEs offer public…

Worcester, Lea

2003-01-01

73

Technical Information Package on Postharvest Handling of Perishables. Volume 3. Leafy Vegetables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Manual presents postharvest requirements for handling tropical leafy vegetables. General recommendations are given on the postharvest management of vegetables. Specific recommendations are then presented on methods and techniques for harvesting, field...

E. C. Harvey

1986-01-01

74

40 CFR 370.60 - How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility... § 370.60 How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility? Any person may obtain an MSDS for a specific facility by writing to...

2010-07-01

75

40 CFR 370.60 - How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility... § 370.60 How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility? Any person may obtain an MSDS for a specific facility by writing to...

2013-07-01

76

40 CFR 370.60 - How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility... § 370.60 How does a person obtain MSDS information about a specific facility? Any person may obtain an MSDS for a specific facility by writing to...

2009-07-01

77

Drunk personality: Reports from drinkers and knowledgeable informants.  

PubMed

Existing literature supports the five-factor model (FFM) of personality (i.e., Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Intellect or Openness) as a comprehensive representation of stable aspects of mood, affect, and behavior. This study evaluated the FFM as a framework for both self-perceptions of drunkenness (i.e., individual changes in mood, affect, and behavior associated with one's own intoxication), as well "drinking buddies'" perceptions of their friends' drunkenness (i.e., changes in mood, affect, and behavior associated with friends' intoxication) and the association of reported sober-to-drunk differences with negative alcohol-related consequences. College-student drinkers (N = 374; 187 drinking buddy pairs) reported on their sober and drunk levels of the 5 factors, as well as those of their drinking buddies. Buddies completed parallel assessments for themselves and their friends to ensure rater agreement. All participants completed assessments of harmful alcohol outcomes experienced within the past year. Regardless of reporter, differences between drunken and sober states were found across all 5 factors and agreement between self and informant reports was consistently significant and comparable across sober and drunk conditions. Low levels of drunk Conscientiousness and drunk Emotional Stability were associated with experiencing more alcohol-related consequences, even when controlling for sober factor levels and binge-drinking frequency. Findings support the use of the FFM as a clinically relevant framework for organizing differences in personality expression associated with intoxication and the validity of self-reports of drunk personality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24796850

Winograd, Rachel P; Steinley, Douglas L; Sher, Kenneth J

2014-06-01

78

77 FR 25499 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Personal Financial and Credit Statement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Comment Request; Personal Financial and Credit Statement AGENCY...be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review...information: Title of Proposal: Personal Financial and Credit Statement. OMB...

2012-04-30

79

THE COMPLEXITY OF CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO DISCLOSE PERSONAL INFORMATION: UNRAVELING HEALTH INFORMATION PRIVACY CONCERNS  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little else that is as consequential to an individual as his or her health. As healthcare becomes increasingly digitized, the promise of improved healthcare enabled by technological advances must inevitably be traded off against any unintended negative consequences. In this context, the privacy of one's personal health information has escalated as a matter of significant concern for the

Ritu Agarwal; Robert H. Smith; Catherine Anderson

80

32 CFR 505.5 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...personal notes are as followsâ (i) Maintained and discarded solely at the discretion of the author; (ii) Created only for the author's personal convenience and the notes are restricted to that of memory aids; (iii) Not the...

2013-07-01

81

32 CFR 310.17 - Individual access to personal information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to any person or organization (for example, personal telephone lists or memory aids) that are retained or discarded at the author's discretion and over which the Component exercises no direct control are not considered Agency records. However, if...

2013-07-01

82

The inadvertent disclosure of personal health information through peer-to-peer file sharing programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThere has been a consistent concern about the inadvertent disclosure of personal information through peer-to-peer file sharing applications, such as Limewire and Morpheus. Examples of personal health and financial information being exposed have been published. We wanted to estimate the extent to which personal health information (PHI) is being disclosed in this way, and compare that to the extent of

Khaled El Emam; Emilio Neri; Elizabeth Jonker; Marina Sokolova; Liam Peyton; Angelica Neisa; Teresa Scassa

2010-01-01

83

Medical Students and Personal Smartphones in the Clinical Environment: The Impact on Confidentiality of Personal Health Information and Professionalism  

PubMed Central

Background Smartphones are becoming ubiquitous in health care settings. The increased adoption of mobile technology such as smartphones may be attributed to their use as a point-of-care information source and to perceived improvements in clinical communication and efficiency. However, little is known about medical students’ use of personal smartphones for clinical work. Objective The intent of the study was to examine final-year medical students’ experience with and attitudes toward using personal mobile technology in the clinical environment, with respect to the perceived impact on patient confidentiality and provider professionalism. Methods Cross-sectional surveys were completed by final-year medical students at the University of Toronto. Respondents were asked about the type of personal mobile phone they use, security features on their personal phone, experiences using their personal phone during clinical rotations, and attitudes about using their personal phone for clinical work purposes. Results The overall response rate was 45.4% (99/218). Smartphone ownership was prevalent (98%, 97/99) with the majority (86%, 85/99) of participants using their personal phones for patient-related communication during clinical rotations. A total of 26% (26/99) of participants reported not having any type of security feature on their personal phone, 94% (90/96) of participants agreed that using their personal phone for clinical work makes them more efficient, and 86% (82/95) agreed that their personal phone allows them to provide better patient care. Although 68% (65/95) of participants believe that the use of personal phones for patient-related communication with colleagues poses a risk to the privacy and confidentiality of patient health information, 22% (21/96) of participants still use their personal phone to text or email identifiable patient data to colleagues. Conclusions Our findings suggest that the use of personal smartphones for clinical work by medical students is prevalent. There is a need to more fully address the threat to patient confidentiality posed by the use of unsecured communication devices such as smartphones.

Morra, Dante; Lo, Vivian; Quan, Sherman D; Abrams, Howard; Wu, Robert C

2014-01-01

84

17 CFR 248.10 - Limits on disclosure of nonpublic personal information to nonaffiliated third parties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...10 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS S-P AND S-AM Regulation S-P: Privacy of Consumer Financial Information and Safeguarding Personal Information Limits on Disclosures...

2013-04-01

85

22 CFR 1003.5 - Access to personal information from Inter-American Foundation records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information from Inter-American Foundation records. 1003.5 Section...Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL...information from Inter-American Foundation records. (a) The...

2013-04-01

86

Ephemeral and Persistent Personalization in Adaptive Information Access to Scholarly Publications on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show how personalization techniques can be e xploited to implement more a daptive a nd effective information access s ystems in electronic publishing. We distinguish persistent (or long term) and ephemeral (or short t erm) personalization, and we describe how both of them can be profitably applied in information filtering and retrieval systems used, via a specialized Web portal,

Stefano Mizzaro; Carlo Tasso

2002-01-01

87

Do Board Members Really Know What's Going On? Nine Tips on Handling Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses nine factors to consider when attempting to determine what kind of information and how much information a superintendent should supply to a school board concerning district operations. (PGD)

Green, David W.

1985-01-01

88

63 FR 34931 - Grain Handling Facilities (29 CFR 1910.272); Information Collection Requirements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theda Kenney, Directorate of Safety Standards Programs...who request copies by telephoning Theda Kenney at (202) 219-8061, extension...

1998-06-26

89

Quantitative Information Differences Between Object-Person Presentation Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjects used significantly more adjectives, on an adjective checklist (ACL), in giving their impressions of an object-person; based on written and audiovisual presentations, more than audio presentations. (SD)

Boyd, J. Edwin; Perry, Raymond P.

1972-01-01

90

Personal Construct Systems in Vocational Development and Information-Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses personal construct systems as vocational schemas, describing a cognitive structural model of vocational development. Illustrates practical application of the model through the use of a vocational repertory grid test in career counseling. (SK)

Neimeyer, Greg J.

1990-01-01

91

White Paper: Advancing Personalized Health Care through Health Information Technology: An Update from the American Health Information Community's Personalized Health Care Workgroup  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Personalized Health Care Workgroup of the American Health Information Community was formed to determine what is needed to promote standard reporting and incorporation of medical genetic\\/genomic tests and family health history data in electronic health records. The Workgroup has examined and clarified a range of issues related to this information, including interoperability standards and requirements for confidentiality, privacy, and

John Glaser; Douglas E. Henley; Gregory Downing; Kristin M. Brinner

2008-01-01

92

Money makes you reveal more: consequences of monetary cues on preferential disclosure of personal information  

PubMed Central

With continuous growth in information aggregation and dissemination, studies on privacy preferences are important to understand what makes people reveal information about them. Previous studies have demonstrated that short-term gains and possible monetary rewards make people risk disclosing information. Given the malleability of privacy preferences and the ubiquitous monetary cues in daily lives, we measured the contextual effect of reminding people about money on their privacy disclosure preferences. In experiment 1, we found that priming money increased willingness to disclose their personal information that could be shared with an online shopping website. Beyond stated willingness, experiment 2 tested whether priming money increases propensity for actually giving out personal information. Across both experiments, we found that priming money increases both the reported willingness and the actual disclosure of personal information. Our results imply that not only do short-term rewards make people trade-off personal security and privacy, but also mere exposure to money increases self-disclosure.

Mukherjee, Sumitava; Manjaly, Jaison A.; Nargundkar, Maithilee

2013-01-01

93

Evaluating Common De-Identification Heuristics for Personal Health Information  

PubMed Central

Background With the growing adoption of electronic medical records, there are increasing demands for the use of this electronic clinical data in observational research. A frequent ethics board requirement for such secondary use of personal health information in observational research is that the data be de-identified. De-identification heuristics are provided in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Privacy Rule, funding agency and professional association privacy guidelines, and common practice. Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the re-identification risks due to record linkage are sufficiently low when following common de-identification heuristics and whether the risk is stable across sample sizes and data sets. Methods Two methods were followed to construct identification data sets. Re-identification attacks were simulated on these. For each data set we varied the sample size down to 30 individuals, and for each sample size evaluated the risk of re-identification for all combinations of quasi-identifiers. The combinations of quasi-identifiers that were low risk more than 50% of the time were considered stable. Results The identification data sets we were able to construct were the list of all physicians and the list of all lawyers registered in Ontario, using 1% sampling fractions. The quasi-identifiers of region, gender, and year of birth were found to be low risk more than 50% of the time across both data sets. The combination of gender and region was also found to be low risk more than 50% of the time. We were not able to create an identification data set for the whole population. Conclusions Existing Canadian federal and provincial privacy laws help explain why it is difficult to create an identification data set for the whole population. That such examples of high re-identification risk exist for mainstream professions makes a strong case for not disclosing the high-risk variables and their combinations identified here. For professional subpopulations with published membership lists, many variables often needed by researchers would have to be excluded or generalized to ensure consistently low re-identification risk. Data custodians and researchers need to consider other statistical disclosure techniques for protecting privacy.

Jabbouri, Sam; Sams, Scott; Drouet, Youenn; Power, Michael

2006-01-01

94

48 CFR 915.207-70 - Handling proposals and information during evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...does not require that the proposal bear a restrictive notice, proposers should, if they desire to maximize protection of their trade secrets or confidential or privileged commercial and financial information contained in them, apply the...

2010-10-01

95

Knowledge File System -- A Principled Approach to Personal Information Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Knowledge File System (KFS) is a smart virtual file system that sits between the operating system and the file system. Its primary functionality is to automatically organize files in a transparent and seamless manner so as to facilitate easy retrieval. Think of the KFS as a personal assistant, who can file every one of you documents into multiple appropriate

Kuiyu Chang; I. Wayan Tresna Perdana; Bramandia Ramadhana; Kailash Sethuraman; Truc Viet Le; Neha Chachra

2010-01-01

96

Personality and Information Processing Speed: Independent Influences on Intelligent Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raven's matrices and inspection time (IT) were recorded from 56 subjects under five arousal levels. Raven's and IT correlated strongly (r = -0.7) as predicted by processing-speed theories of "g." In line with Eysenck's [Eysenck, H. J. (1967). "The biological basis of personality". Springfield, IL: Thomas] arousal theory of extraversion, there was…

Bates, Timothy C.; Rock, Andrew

2004-01-01

97

43 CFR 2.23 - How will a bureau handle a request for commercial or financial information that it has obtained...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial or financial information that it has obtained from a person or entity outside...commercial or financial information that it has obtained from a person or entity outside...if the bureau receives a FOIA request for it; and (ii) If the submitter's...

2010-10-01

98

43 CFR 2.23 - How will a bureau handle a request for commercial or financial information that it has obtained...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial or financial information that it has obtained from a person or entity outside...commercial or financial information that it has obtained from a person or entity outside...if the bureau receives a FOIA request for it; and (ii) If the submitter's...

2009-10-01

99

A grounded theory of information sharing behavior in a personal learning space  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a grounded theory of information sharing behavior of the users of a personal learning space. A personal learning space is an environment consisted of weblog, ePortfolio, and social networking functionality. It is primarily used within education as a tool to enhance learning, but is also used as a knowledge management tool and to develop communities of practice.

Maryam Najafian Razavi; Lee Iverson

2006-01-01

100

PERSIVAL, a System for Personalized Search and Summarization over Multimedia Healthcare Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the ongoing development of PERSIVAL (Personalized Retrieval and Summarization of Image, Video, and Language), a system designed to provide personalized access to a distributed digital library of medical literature and consumer health information. The goal for PERSIVAL is to tailor search, presentation, and summarization of…

McKeown, Kathleen R.; Chang, Shih-Fu; Cimino, James; Feiner, Steven K.; Friedman, Carol; Gravano, Luis; Hatzivassiloglou, Vasileios; Johnson, Steven; Jordan, Desmond A.; Klavans, Judith L.; Kushniruk, Andre; Patel, Vimla; Teufel, Simone

101

Personality-Informed Interventions for Healthy Aging: Conclusions From a National Institute on Aging Workgroup  

PubMed Central

We describe two frameworks in which personality dimensions relevant to health, such as Conscientiousness, can be used to inform interventions designed to promote health aging. First, contemporary data and theory do not suggest that personality is “immutable”, but instead focus on questions of who changes, in what way, why, when, and how. In fact, the notion that personality could be changed was part and parcel of many schools of psychotherapy, which suggested that long term and meaningful change in symptoms could not be achieved without change in relevant aspects of personality. We review intervention research documenting change in personality. Based on an integrative view of personality as a complex system, we describe a “bottom-up” model of change in which interventions to change basic personality processes eventuate in changes at the trait level. A second framework leverages the descriptive and predictive power of personality to tailor individual risk prediction and treatment, as well as refine public health programs, to the relevant dispositional characteristics of the target population. These methods dovetail with and add a systematic and rigorous psychosocial dimension to the personalized medicine and patient-centeredness movements in medicine. In addition to improving health through earlier intervention and increased fit between treatments and persons, cost-effectiveness improvements can be realized by more accurate resource allocation. Numerous examples from the personality, health, and aging literature on Conscientiousness and other traits are provided throughout, and we conclude with a series of recommendations for research in these emerging areas.

Chapman, Benjamin P.; Hampson, Sarah; Clarkin, John

2013-01-01

102

Personality-informed interventions for healthy aging: conclusions from a National Institute on Aging work group.  

PubMed

We describe 2 frameworks in which personality dimensions relevant to health, such as Conscientiousness, can be used to inform interventions designed to promote health aging. First, contemporary data and theory do not suggest that personality is "immutable," but instead focus on questions of who changes, in what way, why, when, and how. In fact, the notion that personality could be changed was part and parcel of many schools of psychotherapy, which suggested that long-term and meaningful change in symptoms could not be achieved without change in relevant aspects of personality. We review intervention research documenting change in personality. On the basis of an integrative view of personality as a complex system, we describe a bottom-up model of change in which interventions to change basic personality processes eventuate in changes at the trait level. A 2nd framework leverages the descriptive and predictive power of personality to tailor individual risk prediction and treatment, as well as refine public health programs, to the relevant dispositional characteristics of the target population. These methods dovetail with, and add a systematic and rigorous psychosocial dimension to, the personalized medicine and patient-centeredness movements in medicine. In addition to improving health through earlier intervention and increased fit between treatments and persons, cost-effectiveness improvements can be realized by more accurate resource allocation. Numerous examples from the personality, health, and aging literature on Conscientiousness and other traits are provided throughout, and we conclude with a series of recommendations for research in these emerging areas. PMID:23978300

Chapman, Benjamin P; Hampson, Sarah; Clarkin, John

2014-05-01

103

Personal Computer Based English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionaries of Business and Information Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The properties, main features and implementation on all types of personal computers and Disk Operating Systems (DOS) of two English-Russian and Russian-English Dictionaries of Business Operations and Information Technology are described. Most of thekey te...

L. A. Golemanov A. H. Manolov

1992-01-01

104

Personal Spaces: 3D Spatial Worlds for Information Exploration, Organisation and Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dealing with information objects in virtual three-dimensional space is a promising approach to successfully exploiting the burgeoning availability of networked information. The design issues inherent in using space for information exploration are described, and some solutions suggested. The main focus of the paper is user exploration of the World Wide Web (Web) and how the design of 'personal spaces' could

J A Waterworth

1996-01-01

105

One Person, Many Votes: Divided Majority and Information Aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the properties of three electoral systems when voters have imperfect information. Imperfect information blurs voter decisions and may divorce the electoral outcome from the true preferences of the electorate. The challenge for electoral design is therefore to translate the (sometimes contradictory) elements of information dispersed in the electorate into the most efficient aggregate outcome. We propose a

Laurent Bouton; Micael Castanheira

2008-01-01

106

A Customized Human Fall Detection System Using Omni-Camera Images and Personal Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new approach to detect the fall of the elderly. The detection system uses a MapCam (omni-camera) to capture images and performs image processing over the images. The personal information of each individual is considered in the processing task. The MapCam is used to capture 360deg scenes simultaneously and eliminate any blind viewing zone. The personal information

Shaou-Gang Miaou; Pei-Hsu Sung; Chia-Yuan Huang

2006-01-01

107

Enabling Personalization Recommendation With WeightedFP for Text Information Retrieval Based on User-Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization recommendation is a valid method for lightening the user's burden on information retrieval. In order to implement personalization recommendation for text information retrieval (TR), user-focus is defined and algorithms for the construction of user-focus are given in this paper. The construction of user-focus for a user depends on his entire query requests at a period of time. Each query

Zhenya Zhang; Enhong Chen; Jin Wang; Xufa Wang

2004-01-01

108

Incorrect handling of calibration information in divergence time inference: an example from volcanic islands.  

PubMed

Divergence time studies rely on calibration information from several sources. The age of volcanic islands is one of the standard references to obtain chronological data to estimate the absolute times of lineage diversifications. This strategy assumes that cladogenesis is necessarily associated with island formation, and punctual calibrations are commonly used to date the splits of endemic island species. Here, we re-examined three studies that inferred divergence times for different Hawaiian lineages assuming fixed calibration points. We show that, by permitting probabilistic calibrations, some divergences are estimated to be significantly younger or older than the age of the island formation, thus yielding distinct ecological scenarios for the speciation process. The results highlight the importance of using calibration information correctly, as well as the possibility of incorporating volcanic island studies into a formal, biogeographical hypothesis-testing framework. PMID:22822429

Mello, Beatriz; Schrago, Carlos G

2012-03-01

109

Socio-Demographic Variables Predicting Formal vs. Informal Juvenile Justice System Handling and Associated Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis compares and contrasts first-time juvenile offenders enrolled in a community-based balanced and restorative justice program whose cases were processed either informally or formally. The study examines contributors to both levels of processing and re-offending. This study examines how family characteristics are associated specifically with level of processing, which are unique attributes compared with juvenile justice studies in the

Stephen W. Phillippi Jr

2012-01-01

110

A tiered-layered-staged model for informed consent in personal genome testing  

PubMed Central

In recent years, developments in genomics technologies have led to the rise of commercial personal genome testing (PGT): broad genome-wide testing for multiple diseases simultaneously. While some commercial providers require physicians to order a personal genome test, others can be accessed directly. All providers advertise directly to consumers and offer genetic risk information about dozens of diseases in one single purchase. The quantity and the complexity of risk information pose challenges to adequate pre-test and post-test information provision and informed consent. There are currently no guidelines for what should constitute informed consent in PGT or how adequate informed consent can be achieved. In this paper, we propose a tiered-layered-staged model for informed consent. First, the proposed model is tiered as it offers choices between categories of diseases that are associated with distinct ethical, personal or societal issues. Second, the model distinguishes layers of information with a first layer offering minimal, indispensable information that is material to all consumers, and additional layers offering more detailed information made available upon request. Finally, the model stages informed consent as a process by feeding information to consumers in each subsequent stage of the process of undergoing a test, and by accommodating renewed consent for test result updates, resulting from the ongoing development of the science underlying PGT. A tiered-layered-staged model for informed consent with a focus on the consumer perspective can help overcome the ethical problems of information provision and informed consent in direct-to-consumer PGT.

Bunnik, Eline M; Janssens, A Cecile J W; Schermer, Maartje H N

2013-01-01

111

The study of personalized information recommendation system based on data mining  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the current Internet information access of contradictions and difficulties, the study on the basis of the data mining technique and recommender system, propose and implement a facing internet personalization information recommendation system based on data mining. The system is divided into offline and online, offline part to complete the from the site server log files access the appropriate online intelligent personalized recommendation service transaction mode, using the association rules mining. The online part, realizes personalized intelligence recommendation service based on the connection rule excavation. Provides the personalization information referral service method based mining association rules, And through the experiment to this system has carried on the test, has confirmed this system's feasibility and the validity.

Chen, Ke; Ke, Wende; Li, Sansi

2011-12-01

112

Informal relations: A look at personal influence in media relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public relations practitioners and journalists in South Korea (n=300) were surveyed regarding their perceptions of the influence of 11 types of informal relations (ranging from press tours to perks and bribes) on the news. Using coorientational analysis, the perceptions of each group regarding the ethics of informal relations were also investigated. The two groups reported significantly different perceptions of the

Jae-Hwa Shin; Glen T. Cameron

2003-01-01

113

Incorporating Person Covariates and Response Times as Collateral Information to Improve Person and Item Parameter Estimations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, researchers and practitioners have made a great deal of effort to study a variety of methods to increase parameter accuracy, but only recently can researchers start focusing on improving parameter estimations by using a joint model that could incorporate RT and students information as CI. Given that many tests are currently…

Wang, Shudong; Jiao, Hong

2011-01-01

114

A personal health information toolkit for health intervention research.  

PubMed

With the emergence of mobile health (mHealth) apps, there is a growing demand for better tools for developing and evaluating mobile health interventions. Recently we developed the Personal Health Intervention Toolkit (PHIT), a software framework which eases app implementation and facilitates scientific evaluation. PHIT integrates self-report and physiological sensor instruments, evidence-based advisor logic, and self-help interventions such as meditation, health education, and cognitive behavior change. PHIT can be used to facilitate research, interventions for chronic diseases, risky behaviors, sleep, medication adherence, environmental monitoring, momentary data collection health screening, and clinical decision support. In a series of usability evaluations, participants reported an overall usability score of 4.5 on a 1-5 Likert scale and an 85 score on the System Usability Scale, indicating a high percentile rank of 95%. PMID:24875686

Kizakevich, Paul N; Eckhoff, Randall; Weger, Stacey; Weeks, Adam; Brown, Janice; Bryant, Stephanie; Bakalov, Vesselina; Zhang, Yuying; Lyden, Jennifer; Spira, James

2014-01-01

115

Interrupt Handling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The PowerPoint presentation, created by authors Hebah Kohari, Rathnakar Reddy Bodhireddy, and Sheril Dhabriya for Marist College, provides a great overview of interrupt handling in regards to computer operating systems. The presentation discusses the definition of interrupt handling and also provides examples of different types. Explanation of the hardware and software needed to handle interruption is outlined. Use of diagrams and flowcharts help illustrate these concepts; this provides each aspect with both a textual and visual representation. While complex, the authors make attempts to have the lesson be understandable for more novice users. Overall, this is certainly a useful resource for anyone in computer science education.

Bodhireddy, Rathnakar R.; Dhabriya, Sheril; Kohari, Hebah

2009-06-30

116

Development of personal pollen information—the next generation of pollen information and a step forward for hay fever sufferers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pollen allergies affect a large part of the European population and are considered likely to increase. User feedback indicates that there are difficulties in providing proper information and valid forecasts using traditional methods of aerobiology due to a variety of factors. Allergen content, pollen loads, and pollen allergy symptoms vary per region and year. The first steps in challenging such issues have already been undertaken. A personalized pollen-related symptom forecast is thought to be a possible answer. However, attempts made thus far have not led to an improvement in daily forecasting procedures. This study describes a model that was launched in 2013 in Austria to provide the first available personal pollen information. This system includes innovative forecast models using bi-hourly pollen data, traditional pollen forecasts based on historical data, meteorological data, and recent symptom data from the patient's hayfever diary. Furthermore, it calculates the personal symptom load in real time, in particular, the entries of the previous 5 days, to classify users. The personal pollen information was made available in Austria on the Austrian pollen information website and via a mobile pollen application, described herein for the first time. It is supposed that the inclusion of personal symptoms will lead to major improvements in pollen information concerning hay fever sufferers.

Kmenta, Maximilian; Bastl, Katharina; Jäger, Siegfried; Berger, Uwe

2013-12-01

117

Genomic Research and Data-Mining Technology: Implications for Personal Privacy and Informed Consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines issues involving personal privacy and informed consent that arise at the intersection of information and communication technology (ICT) and population genomics research. I begin by briefly examining the ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) program requirements that were established to guide researchers working on the Human Genome Project (HGP). Next I consider a case illustration involving deCODE

Herman T. Tavani

2004-01-01

118

Information Needs of Family Caregivers of Persons with Cognitive versus Physical Deficits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared information needs of caregivers of persons with dementia with caregivers of those who received rehabilitation treatment. Caregivers were provided a 48-item survey and asked to choose their top ten information needs. Dementia caregivers' (n = 33) top needs were dealing with forgetfulness/confusion (91%) and repeating…

Koenig, Kelly N.; Steiner, Victoria; Pierce, Linda L.

2011-01-01

119

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Improving health in our nation requires strengthening four major domains of the health care system: personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and health-related research. Many avoidable shortcomings in the health sector that result in poor quality are due to inaccessible data, information, and knowledge. A national health information infrastructure (NHII) offers the connectivity and knowledge management essential

Don E Detmer

2003-01-01

120

Information fusion in personal biometric authentication based on the iris pattern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information fusion in biometrics has received considerable attention. This paper focuses on the application of information fusion techniques in iris recognition. To improve the reliability and accuracy of personal identification based on the iris pattern, this paper proposes the schemes of multialgorithmic fusion and multiinstance fusion. Multialgorithmic fusion integrates the improved phase algorithm and the DCT-based algorithm, and multiinstance fusion

Fenghua Wang; Jiuqiang Han

2009-01-01

121

Efficient MultiDimensional Query Processing in Personal Information Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relentless growth in capacity and dropping price of storage are driving an explosion in the amount of infor- mation users are collecting and storing in personal information management systems. This explosion of information has led to a critical need for complex search tools to access often very heterogeneous data in a simple and efficient manner. Such too ls should

Wei Wang; Christopher Peery; Amelie Marian; Thu D. Nguyen

122

Handling radioactivity  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this book is to present an overall view in a descriptive and essentially nonmathematical way of the practicalities of handling radioactivity. It is hoped that the material will be particularly helpful to those entering the nuclear field for the first time and to those working in related areas whose responsibilities require them to have a general knowledge of the subject of radioactivity handling and its vocabulary.

Stewart, D.C.

1988-01-01

123

Personal Monitoring of Web Information Exchange: Towards Web Lifelogging  

Microsoft Academic Search

With more and more services relying on the Web to com- municate with their users, the amount of information ex- changed daily by an individual through various Web chan- nels has become dicult to control. Not only have Web 2.0 applications participated to this increase from within the browser, but many other tools now rely on the Web as their

Mathieu d'Aquin; Salman Elahi; Enrico Motta

2010-01-01

124

Information Literacy 2.0: Empowering Students through Personal Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 technologies such as blogs, wikis, and social networking sites have impacted the Information Literacy (IL) curriculum at The American University in Cairo, where librarians teach LALT 101, a required, semester-long IL course. During fall 2005 and spring 2006, librarians used a Web 2.0 photo sharing tool, Flickr (www.flickr.com), to teach…

Brown, Nicole E.; Bussert, Kaila

2007-01-01

125

Personal property at the Oak Ridge Operations Office and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge Operations Office (Operations Office) and the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) are responsible for safeguarding and controlling personal property in their possession and in the possession of their contractors. Categories of personal property include vehicles, heavy mobile equipment, computers and software, office furniture and equipment, laboratory equipment, security and protection equipment, and shop equipment. The objective of this audit was to determine whether the Operations Office and OSTI adequately safeguarded and properly accounted for personal property in their possession and in the possession of their non-integrated contractors.

NONE

1998-04-01

126

Sharing personal health information via service-oriented computing: a case of long-term care.  

PubMed

Sharing personal health information among healthcare providers is a crucial business process not only for saving limited healthcare resources but also for increasing patient's healthcare quality. Building an effective personal health information sharing process from established healthcare systems is a challenge in terms of coordination different business operations among healthcare providers and restructuring technical details existed in different healthcare information systems. This study responds this challenge with a service-oriented approach and develops a business software application to describe how the challenge can be alleviated from both managerial and technical perspectives. The software application in this study depicts personal health information sharing process among different providers in a long-term care setting. The information sharing scenario is based on an industrial initiative, such as Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) from healthcare domain and the technologies for implementing the scenario are Web Service technologies from Service-oriented computing paradigm. The implementation in this study can inform healthcare researchers and practitioners applying technologies from service-oriented computing to design and develop healthcare collaborative systems to meet the increasing need for personal health information sharing. PMID:22366977

Lin, Yung-Hsiu; Chen, Rong-Rong; Guo, Sophie Huey-Ming; Chiang, Su-Chien; Chang, Her-Kun

2012-12-01

127

The inadvertent disclosure of personal health information through peer-to-peer file sharing programs  

PubMed Central

Objective There has been a consistent concern about the inadvertent disclosure of personal information through peer-to-peer file sharing applications, such as Limewire and Morpheus. Examples of personal health and financial information being exposed have been published. We wanted to estimate the extent to which personal health information (PHI) is being disclosed in this way, and compare that to the extent of disclosure of personal financial information (PFI). Design After careful review and approval of our protocol by our institutional research ethics board, files were downloaded from peer-to-peer file sharing networks and manually analyzed for the presence of PHI and PFI. The geographic region of the IP addresses was determined, and classified as either USA or Canada. Measurement We estimated the proportion of files that contain personal health and financial information for each region. We also estimated the proportion of search terms that return files with personal health and financial information. We ascertained and discuss the ethical issues related to this study. Results Approximately 0.4% of Canadian IP addresses had PHI, as did 0.5% of US IP addresses. There was more disclosure of financial information, at 1.7% of Canadian IP addresses and 4.7% of US IP addresses. An analysis of search terms used in these file sharing networks showed that a small percentage of the terms would return PHI and PFI files (ie, there are people successfully searching for PFI and PHI on the peer-to-peer file sharing networks). Conclusion There is a real risk of inadvertent disclosure of PHI through peer-to-peer file sharing networks, although the risk is not as large as for PFI. Anyone keeping PHI on their computers should avoid installing file sharing applications on their computers, or if they have to use such tools, actively manage the risks of inadvertent disclosure of their, their family's, their clients', or patients' PHI.

Neri, Emilio; Jonker, Elizabeth; Sokolova, Marina; Peyton, Liam; Neisa, Angelica; Scassa, Teresa

2010-01-01

128

Informed consent in experimentation involving mentally impaired persons: ethical issues.  

PubMed

The problem of experimentation involving subjects whose mental condition prevents them from understanding information and providing proper informed consent has been addressed in various codes, declarations, conventions, treaties and regulations adopted by national, international and supranational institutions and authorities. This article summarizes the basic ethical criteria these documents provide and stresses the historical development from the nearly total exclusion of incapacitated subjects, established in the mid-twentieth century, to their contemporary inclusion in clinical trials on certain ethical conditions. The problem of proxy consent by legal representatives for participation in clinical trials is addressed particularly in reference to current Italian regulations. Exceptions to human experimentation requirements in emergency situations are also briefly discussed. PMID:21169673

Petrini, Carlo

2010-01-01

129

Inferring Personal Information from Demand-Response Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current and upcoming demand-response systems provide increasingly detailed power-consumption data to utilities and a growing array of players angling to assist consumers in understanding and managing their energy use. The granularity of this data, as well as new players' entry into the energy market, creates new privacy concerns. The detailed per-household consumption data that advanced metering systems generate reveals information

Mikhail A. Lisovich; Deirdre K. Mulligan; Stephen B. Wicker

2010-01-01

130

Information needs of case managers caring for persons living with HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe goals of this study were to explore the information needs of case managers who provide services to persons living with HIV (PLWH) and to assess the applicability of the Information Needs Event Taxonomy in a new population.DesignThe study design was observational with data collection via an online survey.MeasurementsResponses to open-ended survey questions about the information needs of case managers

Rebecca Schnall; James J Cimino; Leanne M Currie; Suzanne Bakken

2011-01-01

131

Library workers' personal beliefs about childhood vaccination and vaccination information provision.  

PubMed

This is a report on the impact of library workers' personal beliefs on provision of vaccination information. Nine public librarians were interviewed about a hypothetical scenario involving a patron who is concerned about possible vaccination-autism connections. The analysis employed thematic coding. Results suggested that while most participants supported childhood vaccination, tension between their personal views and neutrality impacted their ability to conduct the interaction. The neutrality stance, though consonant with professional guidelines, curtails librarians' ability to provide accurate health information. Outreach and communication between public and health sciences libraries can help librarians provide resources to address health controversies. PMID:25031563

Keselman, Alla; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Hundal, Savreen

2014-07-01

132

Library workers' personal beliefs about childhood vaccination and vaccination information provision*  

PubMed Central

This is a report on the impact of library workers' personal beliefs on provision of vaccination information. Nine public librarians were interviewed about a hypothetical scenario involving a patron who is concerned about possible vaccination-autism connections. The analysis employed thematic coding. Results suggested that while most participants supported childhood vaccination, tension between their personal views and neutrality impacted their ability to conduct the interaction. The neutrality stance, though consonant with professional guidelines, curtails librarians' ability to provide accurate health information. Outreach and communication between public and health sciences libraries can help librarians provide resources to address health controversies.

Keselman, Alla; Smith, Catherine Arnott; Hundal, Savreen

2014-01-01

133

Comparison groups on bills: Automated, personalized energy information  

SciTech Connect

A program called ``Innovative Billing?? has been developed to provide individualized energy information for a mass audience?the entireresidential customer base of an electric or gas utility. Customers receive a graph on the bill that compares that customer?s consumption with othersimilar customers for the same month. The program aims to stimulate customers to make ef?ciency improvements. To group as many as severalmillion customers into small ``comparison groups??, an automated method must be developed drawing solely from the data available to the utility.This paper develops and applies methods to compare the quality of resulting comparison groups.A data base of 114,000 customers from a utility billing system was used to evaluate Innovative Billing comparison groups, comparing fouralternative criteria: house characteristics (?oor area, housing type, and heating fuel); street; meter read route; billing cycle. Also, customers wereinterviewed to see what forms of comparison graphs made most sense and led to fewest errors of interpretation. We ?nd that good qualitycomparison groups result from using street name, meter book, or multiple house characteristics. Other criteria we tested, such as entire cycle, entiremeter book, or single house characteristics such as ?oor area, resulted in poor quality comparison groups. This analysis provides a basis forchoosing comparison groups based on extensive user testing and statistical analysis. The result is a practical set of guidelines that can be used toimplement realistic, inexpensive innovative billing for the entire customer base of an electric or gas utility.

Iyer, Maithili; Kempton, Willett; Payne, Christopher

2006-07-01

134

Personalized health care system with virtual reality rehabilitation and appropriate information for seniors.  

PubMed

The concept of the information society is now a common one, as opposed to the industrial society that dominated the economy during the last years. It is assumed that all sectors should have access to information and reap its benefits. Elderly people are, in this respect, a major challenge, due to their lack of interest in technological progress and their lack of knowledge regarding the potential benefits that information society technologies might have on their lives. The Naviga Project (An Open and Adaptable Platform for the Elderly and Persons with Disability to Access the Information Society) is a European effort, whose main goal is to design and develop a technological platform allowing elder people and persons with disability to access the internet and the information society. Naviga also allows the creation of services targeted to social networks, mind training and personalized health care. In this paper we focus on the health care and information services designed on the project, the technological platform developed and details of two representative elements, the virtual reality hand rehabilitation and the health information intelligent system. PMID:22778598

Gachet Páez, Diego; Aparicio, Fernando; de Buenaga, Manuel; Padrón, Víctor

2012-01-01

135

Personalized Health Care System with Virtual Reality Rehabilitation and Appropriate Information for Seniors  

PubMed Central

The concept of the information society is now a common one, as opposed to the industrial society that dominated the economy during the last years. It is assumed that all sectors should have access to information and reap its benefits. Elderly people are, in this respect, a major challenge, due to their lack of interest in technological progress and their lack of knowledge regarding the potential benefits that information society technologies might have on their lives. The Naviga Project (An Open and Adaptable Platform for the Elderly and Persons with Disability to Access the Information Society) is a European effort, whose main goal is to design and develop a technological platform allowing elder people and persons with disability to access the internet and the information society. Naviga also allows the creation of services targeted to social networks, mind training and personalized health care. In this paper we focus on the health care and information services designed on the project, the technological platform developed and details of two representative elements, the virtual reality hand rehabilitation and the health information intelligent system.

Paez, Diego Gachet; Aparicio, Fernando; de Buenaga, Manuel; Padron, Victor

2012-01-01

136

Aging: empirical contribution. A longitudinal analysis of personality disorder dimensions and personality traits in a community sample of older adults: perspectives from selves and informants.  

PubMed

Research has indicated that personality disorders (PDs) and normal-range personality traits generally "get better" with time, as evidenced by mean-level decreases in PD traits and mean-level increases in broad factors such as emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. One limitation of many of these studies is their reliance on self reported data. In the current study, the authors analyzed the 2.5-year course of PD dimensions and normal personality traits in a representative sample of adults approaching later life (originally ages 55-65) by using a semistructured diagnostic interview as well as self- and informant-reported data from two personality inventories. Consistent with previous literature, many self-reported PD traits showed mean-level decreases over time, and self-reported normal-range personality traits generally showed positive aging effects (e.g., mean-level increases in emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Surprisingly, however, informant-reported PD traits often demonstrated small but significant increases over time, and informant-reported normal-range personality generally "worsened" with age (e.g., mean-level decreases in extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Informant reports may challenge the finding that personality and PDs tend to "improve" over time. PMID:24344895

Cooper, Luke D; Balsis, Steve; Oltmanns, Thomas F

2014-02-01

137

Improved weight management using genetic information to personalize a calorie controlled diet  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Gene-environment studies demonstrate variability in nutrient requirements depending upon individual variations in genes affecting nutrient metabolism and transport. This study investigated whether the inclusion of genetic information to personalize a patient's diet (nutrigenetics) could improve long term weight management. METHODS: Patients with a history of failures at weight loss were offered a nutrigenetic test screening 24 variants in 19

Ioannis Arkadianos; Ana M Valdes; Efstathios Marinos; Anna Florou; Rosalynn D Gill; Keith A Grimaldi

2007-01-01

138

New Form of Identity (ID) Theft Crime: Acquiring Personal Information from Your Online Newsletter Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sophisticated means, Identity (ID) Thieves can acquire victims' personal information for their own deeds from online news providers. This paper discusses how ID Thieves may compile their stock of trade from Directory Harvest Attacks (DHAs) and launch the attacks against online news providers with two possible attack methodologies. This follows by an evaluation of the inadequacy of the current

Gim Hiong Soh; Timo Vuori

2004-01-01

139

Privacy and security on the Internet: how to secure your personal information and company data  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more people are logging on to the Internet. The increased use of the Internet and the World Wide Web for everyday activities is bringing new threats to personal privacy. Your activities, whether they are passive or active, in Cyberspace can give others a great deal of information about you. This paper gives an overview of where the risks

Mohsen Attaran; Ilja Vanlaar

1999-01-01

140

Vestiges of "Nous" and the 1st Person Plural Verb in Informal Spoken French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims to find the extent to which subject clitic "nous" and 4th person verbs in French are used in a corpus of informal spoken language and to identify factors that may account for the productive use of nous +4p verb. (Author/VWL)

Coveney, Aidan

2000-01-01

141

Impacts of Personal Characteristics on Computer Attitude and Academic Users Information System Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that evaluated the effects of computer experience, gender, and academic performance on computer attitude and user information system satisfaction in a university setting. Results of an analysis of variance showed that the personal characteristics made a difference in computer attitudes but not in academic computer system user…

Lim, Kee-Sook

2002-01-01

142

A personal identification method using the face information from a tracking image  

Microsoft Academic Search

The biometric recognition using the feature of individuals, such as a fingerprint, a hand, and face recognition, is attracting attention. In this paper, the identification method which can be performed without the need of special operation for recognition to a user is proposed. The proposed method is used at a person tracking system. We focus on face information, as the

Hirokazu Kitami; Masashi Eshima; Naohisa Komatsu

2003-01-01

143

Effects of Occupational Information on Personal versus Provided Constructs: A Second Look.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted study which supports and extends findings suggesting the differential impact of occupational information on use of personal, as opposed to standardized, vocational constructs. Decrement in vocational differentiation occurred only when participants (n=85) were asked to evaluate occupational alternatives along standard set of vocational…

Neimeyer, Greg J.; Leso, John F.

1992-01-01

144

Genomic research and data-mining technology: Implications for personal privacy and informed consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. This essay examines,issues involving personal privacy and informed,consent that arise at the inter- section of information,and communication,technology,(ICT) and population,genomics,research. I begin by briefly examining the ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) program requirements that were established to guide researchers working,on the Human,Genome,Project (HGP). Next I consider,a case illustration involving deCODE Genetics, a privately owned genetics company in Iceland, which

T. Tavani

145

The Disclosure of Personal Information on the Internet: user Motivation, Reliability and Price as Explaining Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Would you be willing to provide personal information in exchange for a new pc? Yes, of course, was the reply given by a large\\u000a number of Internet-users visiting Free PC.com’s website. This site gives away computers to people who are willing to give\\u000a information regarding their income, their buying habits and lots of other things. Over half a million people

Karianne Vermaas; Lidwien van de Wijngaert

146

Personal health information management system and its application in referral management.  

PubMed

We developed a web-based personal health record (PHR) that can be used by patients to collect and manage their health information (e.g., medical history, past surgeries, medications, and allergies), to request self-referrals, and to store a record of their consultations. The PHR also includes a messaging system that can be structured into the workflow of referral management as well as allowing more general communications. A preliminary study was conducted with 61 patients. Thirty-two patients completed a survey in which 85% of respondents were satisfied with the usability and 94% were satisfied with the overall online referral process. The consulting physicians were satisfied with the content of subjects' personal health information and referral problem descriptions and found the information detailed enough to triage all requested referrals. Patients, physicians, and patient care coordinators reported that their communications were enhanced by the system and found the messaging component convenient to use. PMID:15484434

Wang, Maisie; Lau, Christopher; Matsen, Frederick A; Kim, Yongmin

2004-09-01

147

"It's not like judgment day": Public understanding of and reactions to personalized genomic risk information  

PubMed Central

The value of genomic risk assessment depends upon patients making appropriate behavioral changes in response to increased risk leading to disease prevention and early detection. To date, few studies have investigated consumers’ response to personalized genomic disease risk information. To address this gap, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 adults participating in the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative. The interviews took place after receiving results providing genomic and other risk information for up to eight common complex diseases. We found that participants were most likely to recall results which conferred an increased risk or those of particular personal interest. Participants understood the multi-factorial nature of common complex disease, and generally did not have negative emotional responses or overly deterministic perceptions of their results. Although most participants expressed a desire to use results to improve their health, a minority had actually taken action (behavior change or shared results with their doctor) at the time of the interview. These results suggest that participants have a reasonable understanding of genomic risk information and that provision of genomic risk information may motivate behavior change in some individuals; however additional work is needed to better understand the lack of change seen in the majority of participants.

Gordon, Erynn S.; Griffin, Georgia; Wawak, Lisa; Pang, Hauchie; Gollust, Sarah E.; Bernhardt, Barbara A.

2012-01-01

148

An Information Push-Delivery System Design for Personal Information Service on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of information overload from the Internet focuses on an information push-delivery system, which applies fuzzy information retrieval and fuzzy similarity measurement to avoid the information overload problem. Describes an empirical investigation conducted with students at Da-Yeh University (Taiwan) that investigated satisfaction with a…

Chen, Chen-Tung; Tai, Wei-Shen

2003-01-01

149

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

PubMed Central

Background Improving health in our nation requires strengthening four major domains of the health care system: personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and health-related research. Many avoidable shortcomings in the health sector that result in poor quality are due to inaccessible data, information, and knowledge. A national health information infrastructure (NHII) offers the connectivity and knowledge management essential to correct these shortcomings. Better health and a better health system are within our reach. Discussion A national health information infrastructure for the United States should address the needs of personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and research. It should also address relevant global dimensions (e.g., standards for sharing data and knowledge across national boundaries). The public and private sectors will need to collaborate to build a robust national health information infrastructure, essentially a 'paperless' health care system, for the United States. The federal government should assume leadership for assuring a national health information infrastructure as recommended by the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics and the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee. Progress is needed in the areas of funding, incentives, standards, and continued refinement of a privacy (i.e., confidentiality and security) framework to facilitate personal identification for health purposes. Particular attention should be paid to NHII leadership and change management challenges. Summary A national health information infrastructure is a necessary step for improved health in the U.S. It will require a concerted, collaborative effort by both public and private sectors. If you cannot measure it, you cannot improve it. Lord Kelvin

Detmer, Don E

2003-01-01

150

The Personal Exploration Rover: Educational assessment of a robotic exhibit for informal learning venues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robotics brings together learning across mechanism, computation and interaction using the compelling model of real-time interaction with physically instantiated intelligent devices. The project described here is the third stage of the Personal Rover Project, which aims to produce technology, curriculum and evaluation techniques for use with after-school, out-of-school and informal learning environments mediated by robotics. Our most recent work has

Thomas Hsiu; Eric Porter; Brian Dunlavey; Daniel Clancy

151

Personal health information management system and its application in referral management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract, We developed a web-based personal health record (PHR) that can be used by patients to collect and manage their health information (e. g., medical history, past surgeries, medi-cations, and allergies), to request self-referrals, and to store a record of their consultations. The PHR also includes a messaging system that can be structured into the workflow of referral man-agement as

Maisie Wang; Christopher Lau; Frederick A. Matsen III; Yongmin Kim

2004-01-01

152

Substitution between Formal and Informal Care for Persons with Severe Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Persons with severe mental illness (SMI) often get extensive informal care from family members and friends as well as substantial amounts of formal treatment from paid professionals. Both sources of care are well documented, but very little is known about how one affects the other. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This analysis estimates the extent of substitution between direct care provided by family and friends and formal treatment for people with severe mental illness and substance use disorders. Separate estimates are generated for short-term and long-term effects. METHODS: Data are from a randomized clinical trial conducted at seven mental health centers in New Hampshire between 1989 and 1995. The study includes detailed data for 193 persons with dual disorders measured at study entry and every six months for three years. Hours of informal care were compared with total treatment costs within each six-month period to measure short-term effects. Average amount of informal care over three years represented long-term caregiving practices. Measures of informal care are from interviews with informal caregivers. Treatment costs are based on combined data from management information systems, Medicaid claims, hospital records, and self reports. We used mixed effects repeated measures regression to estimate longitudinal effects and a multiple imputation technique to test the sensitivity of results to missing data. RESULTS: In the short-term, persons with bipolar disorder used significantly more formal care as informal care increased (complementarity). The relationship between short-term informal and formal care was significantly weaker for persons with schizophrenia. For both diagnostic groups there was a long-term substitution effect; a 4-6% increase in informal care hours was associated with an approximate 1% decrease in formal care costs. DISCUSSION: Although they must be confirmed by further research, these findings suggest that there is a significant and strong relationship between care given by family and friends and that supplied by formal treatment providers. The analysis indicates that the short-term relationship between informal care and formal treatment tends to be complementary, but differs according to diagnosis. Long-term effects, which are possibly related to changing role perceptions, show substitution between the two forms of care. Missing data for family care hours in some time periods was a concern in this study. However, the consistency in results between the analyses that used imputed data and the model using only original data increase our confidence in the findings. Although there may be some endogeneity between formal and informal care in other treatment settings we believe the unique characteristics of the service-rich environment in which this study was conducted limit that concern here. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE PROVISION AND USE: The amount of care provided by informal caregivers has a significant impact on formal treatment costs. Models of care that explicitly acknowledge the interplay between the two types of care are needed to ensure efficient combinations of formal and informal care. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH POLICY FORMULATION: How to best to encourage informal support, without overburdening caregivers, is a key challenge facing policy makers and providers of mental health services. The merits of various approaches to reducing caregiver burden is a subject that needs more attention from researchers. In the interim, the demands on informal caregivers may mount as efforts to reduce health care spending continue. IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH: Informal care is not often included in economic evaluations of mental health treatment. Although additional research is needed to understand better the mechanisms by which informal care and formal treatment are related, we believe our results offer a strong argument for including measures of informal care in future economic evaluations. PMID:11967472

Clark, Robin E.; Xie, Haiyi; Adachi-Mejia, Anna M.; Sengupta, Anjana

2001-09-01

153

Exploiting Conceptual Knowledge for Querying Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas today's information systems are well-equipped for efficient query handling, their strict mathematical foundations hamper their use for everyday tasks. In daily life, people expect information to be offered in a personalized and focused way. But personalization in digital systems still only takes explicit knowledge into account and does not yet process conceptual information often naturally implied by users. We

Joachim Selke; Wolf-Tilo Balke

2011-01-01

154

Information fusion in personal biometric authentication based on the iris pattern  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information fusion in biometrics has received considerable attention. This paper focuses on the application of information fusion techniques in iris recognition. To improve the reliability and accuracy of personal identification based on the iris pattern, this paper proposes the schemes of multialgorithmic fusion and multiinstance fusion. Multialgorithmic fusion integrates the improved phase algorithm and the DCT-based algorithm, and multiinstance fusion combines information from the left iris and the right iris of an individual. Both multialgorithmic fusion and multiinstance fusion are carried out at the matching score level and the support vector machine (SVM)-based fusion rule is utilized to generate fused scores for final decision. The experimental results on the noisy iris database UBIRIS demonstrate that the proposed fusion schemes can perform better than the single recognition systems, and further prove that information fusion techniques are feasible and effective to improve the accuracy and robustness of iris recognition especially under noisy conditions.

Wang, Fenghua; Han, Jiuqiang

2009-04-01

155

Can you handle failure?  

PubMed

Handling failure and blame is key to managerial success. But roughly 70 % of Americans have a personality type that tends to react inappropriately when things go wrong. Some people are extrapunitive, always pointing a finger at someone else. Others are impunitive, denying there's a problem or that they played any role. And still others are intrapunitive, heaping too much blame on themselves and seeing disasters where none exist. Fortunately, there are ways to fix such flawed responses. The first step is to cultivate self-awareness; several personality tests can help you assess your interaction style. Next, deepen your political awareness to better understand what messages others are receiving. Once you've identified your bad habits, you can move toward more-adaptive responses. Dattner and Hogan describe several strategies that can benefit any of the personality types. You should make sure to listen and communicate well, reflect on the situation and the people involved, think carefully before acting, and look for lessons when mistakes do happen. Using detailed examples, the authors illustrate how people with the various personality types are apt to react to specific failures and explain what they might do differently. They also offer insights to help you recognize when your bosses, peers, or subordinates fit into one of the problematic categories and suggest ways to influence their behavior. The taxonomy and tactics they present will help you approach failure with an open mind and react in a balanced, constructive way. PMID:21510523

Dattner, Ben; Hogan, Robert

2011-04-01

156

The Relationship between Formal and Informal Care among Adult Medicaid Personal Care Services Recipients  

PubMed Central

Objectives To test hypotheses concerning the relationship between formal and informal care and to estimate the impact of hours of formal care authorized for Medicaid Personal Care Services (PCS) on the utilization of informal care. Data Sources/Study Setting Data included home care use and adult Medicaid beneficiary characteristics from assessments of PCS need in four Medicaid administrative areas in Texas. Study Design Cross-sectional design using ordinary least-squares (OLS) and instrumental variable (IV) methods. Data Collection/Extraction Methods The study database consisted of assessment data on 471 adults receiving Medicaid PCS from 2004 to 2006. Principal Findings Both OLS and IV estimates of the impact of formal care on informal care indicated no statistically significant relationship. The impact of formal care authorized on informal care utilization was less important than the influence of beneficiary need and caregiver availability. Living with a potential informal caregiver dramatically increased the hours of informal care utilized by Medicaid PCS beneficiaries. Conclusions More formal home care hours were not associated with fewer informal home care hours. These results imply that policies that decrease the availability of formal home care for Medicaid PCS beneficiaries will not be offset by an increase in the provision of informal care and may result in unmet care needs.

McMaughan Moudouni, Darcy K; Ohsfeldt, Robert L; Miller, Thomas R; Phillips, Charles D

2012-01-01

157

Utilization of Cable Television to Provide Instruction and Information Services to CETA-Eligible Persons in Marshalltown. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken by the Iowa Valley Community College District (IVCCD) to provide information and instruction via cable television to persons eligible for Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs. The project sought to identify and enroll at least 15 CETA-eligible persons in each of 3 programs; "TV High School," designed…

Streff, Deborah

158

Julie Gastier-Foster, Ph.D., Anticipates the Future of Personalized Medicine Informed by Findings from TCGA  

Cancer.gov

Home News and Events Multimedia Library Videos Julie Gastier-Foster, Ph.D., Anticipates the Future of Personalized Medicine Julie Gastier-Foster, Ph.D., Anticipates the Future of Personalized Medicine Informed by Findings from TCGA You will need

159

Personality Symptoms and Self-Esteem as Correlates of Psychopathology in Child Psychiatric Patients: Evaluating Multiple Informant Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on adulthood posits personality and self-esteem as important predictors of psychopathology. In childhood, however, the study of these relationships is complicated by the lack of consensus on how to combine data from multiple informants of child behavior. This study evaluates the relationships among personality symptoms, self-esteem and…

De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan; De Clercq, Barbara J.; De Fruyt, Filip; Tremmery, Sabine; Deboutte, Dirk

2009-01-01

160

10 CFR 709.24 - Other information provided to a covered person prior to a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...polygraph examination. 709.24 Section 709.24 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM Safeguarding Privacy and Employee Rights § 709.24 Other information provided to a covered person prior to a...

2010-01-01

161

10 CFR 709.24 - Other information provided to a covered person prior to a polygraph examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...polygraph examination. 709.24 Section 709.24 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM Safeguarding Privacy and Employee Rights § 709.24 Other information provided to a covered person prior to a...

2009-01-01

162

63 FR 34932 - Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia (29 CFR 1910.111); Information Collection Requirements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theda Kenney, Directorate of Safety Standards Programs...who request copies by telephoning Theda Kenney at (202) 219-8061, extension...

1998-06-26

163

Guide to Information Resources: Programing for Persons with Handicapping Conditions Through Physical Education, Recreation and Related Disciplines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a guide to identifying and using the agencies and organizations that provide information resources relevant to recreation, physical education, and related areas for impaired, disabled, and handicapped persons. Resources listed in the guide are of two types: information systems and compiled sources. Information systems listed are…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

164

Your place or mine?: privacy concerns and solutions for server and client-side storage of personal information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The best way for a well-meaning company to avoid a privacy gaffe is to refrain from collecting any personal information., However, while companies should limit collection of information to only what is necessary to complete a transaction,, interactions often require more information. Complete anonymity or even pseudonymity are not always desirable. Indeed, software companies and Web site operators have begun

Deirdre Mulligan; Ari Schwartz

2000-01-01

165

Many views, many modes, many tools ... one structure: Towards a Non-disruptive Integration of Personal Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

People yearn for more integration of their information. But tools meant to help often do the opposite-pulling people and their information in different directions. Fragmentation is potentially worsened as personal information moves onto the Web and into a myriad of special-purpose, mobile-enabled applications. How can tool developers innovate \\

William Jones; Kenneth M. Anderson

2011-01-01

166

7 CFR 948.387 - Handling regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

On and after August 1, 1982, no person shall handle any lot of potatoes grown in Area No. 3 unless such potatoes meet the requirements of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section, or unless such potatoes are handled in accordance with paragraphs (d) and (e), or (f) of this...

2010-01-01

167

Sharing is caring, but not error free: Transparency of granular controls for sharing personal health information in social networks  

PubMed Central

When patients share personal health information with family and friends, their social networks become better equipped to help them through serious health situations. Thus, patients need tools that enable granular control over what personal health information is shared and with whom within social networks. Yet, we know little about how well such tools support patients’ complex sharing needs. We report on a lab study in which we examined the transparency of sharing interfaces that display an overview and details of information sharing with network connections in an internet-based personal health information management tool called HealthWeaver. Although participants found the interfaces easy to use and were highly confident in their interpretation of the sharing controls, several participants made errors in determining what information was shared with whom. Our findings point to the critical importance of future work that examines design of usable interfaces that offer transparent granularity in support of patients’ complex information sharing practices.

Hartzler, Andrea; Skeels, Meredith M.; Mukai, Marlee; Powell, Christopher; Klasnja, Predrag; Pratt, Wanda

2011-01-01

168

Diffusion of personal health information services: self-determining and empowering practices for Manitoba Inuit.  

PubMed

This article highlights findings from research conducted with the Manitoba Urban Inuit Association with regard to culturally safe practices for communicating personal health information services related to a provincial integrated electronic health record. By applying a "two-eyed seeing research approach," which incorporates traditional and Western scientific perspectives, the author describes Inuit cultural considerations when communicating electronic health concepts with a vision of advancing toward program evaluation opportunities. The research is supported by two Inuit-driven focus groups, interviews with three jurisdictional representatives of electronic health program delivery agencies and one interview with an Inuk elder. PMID:24844716

Clark, Wayne Voisey

2014-01-01

169

75 FR 61412 - Information Collection; Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP) Program Cooperative...Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP) program Cooperative...Excess Personal Property (FEPP) and Firefighter Property (FFP) Cooperative...

2010-10-05

170

76 FR 80966 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities; Proposed Collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested 18 Years of Age and Over; Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested Under 18...The title of the form/collection: Age, Sex, and Race of Persons Arrested 18...

2011-12-27

171

78 FR 16539 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review; Comment Request; Personal Protective Equipment for Shipyard Employment...request (ICR) titled, ``Personal Protective Equipment for Shipyard Employment...employee uses the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for the...

2013-03-15

172

78 FR 24234 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review; Comment Request; Personal Protective Equipment Standard for General Industry...request (ICR) titled, ``Personal Protective Equipment Standard for General Industry...subpart I requires that personal protective equipment...

2013-04-24

173

Personal cancer knowledge and information seeking through PRISM: the planned risk information seeking model.  

PubMed

This study retested PRISM, a model of risk information seeking, and found that it is applicable to the context of cancer risk communication. The study, which used an online sample of 928 U.S. adults, also tested the effect of additional variables on that model and found that the original model better fit the data. Among the strongest predictors of cancer information seeking were seeking-related subjective norms, attitude toward seeking, perceived knowledge insufficiency, and affective risk response. Furthermore, risk perception was a strong predictor of an affective risk response. The authors suggest that, given the robustness across studies, the path between seeking-related subjective norms and seeking intention is ready to be implemented in communication practice. PMID:24433251

Hovick, Shelly R; Kahlor, Leeann; Liang, Ming-Ching

2014-04-01

174

Psychometric properties of an informant personality questionnaire (the HAP) in a sample of older adults in the Netherlands and Belgium.  

PubMed

In geriatric psychiatry, informant reports are often important due to cognitive problems and related impaired insight and judgment. Informant questionnaires to identify personality traits among older adults are sparse. The Dutch informant personality questionnaire (the HAP) is especially developed to address this need. The objective of this study is the psychometric evaluation of the HAP among older adults in the Netherlands and Belgium. We investigated the internal consistency, gender differences, the test-retest and inter-rater reliability, the factorial structure, and the concurrent validity. Informants completed the HAP ratings of nursing home residents (n?=?385) and elderly psychiatric patients (n?=?204). The internal consistency of the scales is good. Medium gender differences on three scales were found in the population Psychiatry. The inter-rater and test-retest reliability are good to excellent. There are significant similarities between a number of HAP scales and dimensions of the Big Five. The congruence between the factor structures in both samples is very high. We labeled the three factors externalizing/antagonistic, internalizing/neurotic, and compulsive. The HAP meets the need for validated and reliable informant instruments for personality assessment among older adults in geriatric psychiatry. The content scales of the questionnaire address traits of the premorbid personality. Therefore, the HAP might be useful for personality assessment and selecting treatment options in mental healthcare and can be applied in scientific research in the area of personality aspects in late life. PMID:23323723

Barendse, H P J; Thissen, A J C; Rossi, G; Oei, T I; van Alphen, S P J

2013-01-01

175

Privacy and Personal Information Held by Government: A Comparative Study, Japan and New Zealand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter reports on the concepts of information privacy and trust in government among citizens in Japan and New Zealand in a transnational, crosscultural study. Data from both countries are presented, and cultural and other factors are sought that might explain differences in attitudes shown. In both countries, citizens display a range of views, not related to age or gender. New Zealand citizens express concern about information privacy in relation to information held by government, but show a higher level of trust in government overall, and most attribute breaches of privacy to incompetence, rather than deliberate malfeasance. Japanese citizens interviewed also indicated that they had major concerns about information privacy, and had considerably less trust in government than New Zealand respondents showed. They were more inclined to attribute breaches of privacy to lax behavior in individuals than government systems. In both countries citizens showed an awareness of the tradeoffs necessary between personal privacy and the needs of the state to hold information for the benefit of all citizens, but knew little about the protection offered by privacy legislation, and expressed overall concern about privacy practices in the modern state. The study also provides evidence of cultural differences that can be related to Hofstede's dimensions of culture.

Cullen, Rowena

176

Examining the Role of Anxiety and Apathy in Health Consumers' Intentions to Use Patient Health Portals for Personal Health Information Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated college students' attitudes toward and intentions to use personal health portals (PHPs) for managing their personal health information using a survey method. The study also aimed to examine the roles electronic Personal Health Information Management (PHIM) anxiety and apathy play in influencing students' attitudes toward…

Torres, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

177

An Examination of the Mediating Role of Person-Job Fit in Relations between Information Literacy and Work Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how information literacy can enhance job performance in the workplace setting. Design/methodology/approach: Building on extant research, an integrated framework in which information literacy is related to person-job fit which in turn influences job performance is proposed. A survey questionnaire…

Li, Chung-Kai; Hung, Chia-Hung

2010-01-01

178

Increased Reliability by Effective Use of Sensor Information: A Shop Floor Application of Sensor-aided Robotic Handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the effective use of low level sensor information to increase reliability and safety for a shop floor application of robotic palletising. The reliability of automated machinery in shop floor applications depends to a great extent on how well the system can respond to unpredictable situations. For any robotic installation one crucial factor for reliable and safe operation

Werner E. Friedrich

1995-01-01

179

Uranium hexafluoride handling. Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy, Oak Ridge Field Office, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., are co-sponsoring this Second International Conference on Uranium Hexafluoride Handling. The conference is offered as a forum for the exchange of information and concepts regarding the technical and regulatory issues and the safety aspects which relate to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. Through the papers presented here, we attempt not only to share technological advances and lessons learned, but also to demonstrate that we are concerned about the health and safety of our workers and the public, and are good stewards of the environment in which we all work and live. These proceedings are a compilation of the work of many experts in that phase of world-wide industry which comprises the nuclear fuel cycle. Their experience spans the entire range over which uranium hexafluoride is involved in the fuel cycle, from the production of UF{sub 6} from the naturally-occurring oxide to its re-conversion to oxide for reactor fuels. The papers furnish insights into the chemical, physical, and nuclear properties of uranium hexafluoride as they influence its transport, storage, and the design and operation of plant-scale facilities for production, processing, and conversion to oxide. The papers demonstrate, in an industry often cited for its excellent safety record, continuing efforts to further improve safety in all areas of handling uranium hexafluoride. Selected papers were processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Not Available

1991-12-31

180

Eyes wide open: the personal genome project, citizen science and veracity in informed consent.  

PubMed

I am a close observer of the Personal Genome Project (PGP) and one of the original ten participants. The PGP was originally conceived as a way to test novel DNA sequencing technologies on human samples and to begin to build a database of human genomes and traits. However, its founder, Harvard geneticist George Church, was concerned about the fact that DNA is the ultimate digital identifier - individuals and many of their traits can be identified. Therefore, he believed that promising participants privacy and confidentiality would be impractical and disingenuous. Moreover, deidentification of samples would impoverish both genotypic and phenotypic data. As a result, the PGP has arguably become best known for its unprecedented approach to informed consent. All participants must pass an exam testing their knowledge of genomic science and privacy issues and agree to forgo the privacy and confidentiality of their genomic data and personal health records. Church aims to scale up to 100,000 participants. This special report discusses the impetus for the project, its early history and its potential to have a lasting impact on the treatment of human subjects in biomedical research. PMID:22328898

Angrist, Misha

2009-11-01

181

Mystery Person  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features a mathematical game called "Mystery Person." The author describes how the Mystery Person game was tried with first-graders [age 6]. The Mystery games involve the generation of key questions, the coordination of information--often very complex information--and the formulation of consequences based on this coordination.…

O'Brien, Tom

2011-01-01

182

The relationship of information-processing deficits and clinical symptoms in schizotypal personality disorder.  

PubMed

Individuals with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) are thought to be phenotypically related to individuals with schizophrenia. This assumption is partially supported by the fact that SPD patients have deficits on biological markers similar to those found in schizophrenia. Visual backward masking (VBM) performance and critical stimulus duration (CSD), measures of information processing found to be abnormal in schizophrenia patients, were assessed in 14 SPD and 21 comparison subjects. There was no significant difference between groups in VBM performance; however; there were significant correlations between VBM deficits and the number of SPD symptoms, as well as elevated scores on the Ego. Impairment Index (EII). Additionally, there was a trend (p = 056) toward elevations in CSD in the SPD versus the comparison group and CSD inflation appears to be most prominent in individuals with a greater number of social deficit symptoms and elevated physical anhedonia scores. These findings suggest an important relationship between symptoms of SPD and neurophysiologic deficits. PMID:8896771

Cadenhead, K S; Perry, W; Braff, D L

1996-11-01

183

Honouring the informed choices of persons coming to the end of life.  

PubMed

This presentation gives participants the opportunity to review major conceptual insights into planning care for serious illness, starting from the demand for honesty about the options, working through the challenges of having so few cultural landmarks for long-term illness with ambiguous timelines, and addressing the changing challenges of caregiving. Categorizing trajectories of illness allows mass customization of service arrays and appears to be especially useful in making appropriate services readily available. But still, patient and family preferences must determine the actual course, so some practical pointers on how to frame and elicit those conversations will be in order. I close with some very challenging issues: assuring quality in the timeliness of death; defining quality of care plans across settings; and conceptualizing quality in unique situations. These issues are still unsettled, but the requirement to plan ahead in order to honour the informed choices of persons living with fatal illness is a settled mandate of good care. PMID:24653053

Colorado, J Lynn

2011-06-01

184

Aircraft handling qualities data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Available information on weight and inertia, aerodynamic derivatives, control characteristics, and stability augmentation systems is documented for 10 representative contemporary airplanes. Data sources are given for each airplane. Flight envelopes are presented and dimensional derivatives, transfer functions for control inputs, and several selected handling qualities parameters have been computed and are tabulated for 10 different flight conditions including the power approach configuration. The airplanes documented are the NT-33A, F-104A, F-4C, X-15, HL-10, Jetstar, CV-880M, B-747, C-5A, and XB-70A.

Heffley, R. K.; Jewell, W. F.

1972-01-01

185

Evidence for Genetic Influences on Personality From Self-Reports and Informant Ratings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-report data on Extraversion (E) and Neuroticism (N), together with ratings by the co-twin, were obtained from a sample of 826 adult female twin pairs ascertained through a population-based twin register. Data were analyzed using a model that allowed for the contributions to personality ratings of the rater's personality (rater bias) as well as of the personality of the person

A. C. Heath; M. C. Neale; R. C. Kessler; L. J. Eaves; K. S. Kendler

1992-01-01

186

Contract Procedure in an Agency Separated Products Explanation and Applied Process for Protection of the Personal Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent years, maintenance of corporate soundness and compliance with the law and corporate ethics are getting more significant in the insurance industry, regardless of life insurance. In the other hand, division of production and distribution is increasing. Therefore the problem of compliance with an agency is getting more significant. We propose a contract procedure in an agency separated products explanation and applied process for protection of the personal information. Our proposed procedure protects the personal information of the contractor and supports the compliance observance for contracts with the background texture watermarks and the redactable signature. We have developed a prototype system of the solution to check its feasibility.

Terahama, Yukinori; Takahashi, Yoshiyasu; Suzuki, Shigeru; Kinukawa, Hiroshi

187

78 FR 38682 - Information Collection; Application for Payment of Amounts Due Persons Who Have Died, Disappeared...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...producer are entitled to receive payments earned by a producer who dies, disappears...Abstract: Persons desiring to claim payments earned, but not yet paid to a person who has...beneficiaries or others who claim payment that was earned, but not yet paid to the person who...

2013-06-27

188

Application of Information Visualization Techniques in Representing Patients' Temporal Personal History Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The anthropometries and nutrients records of patients are usually vast in quantity, complex and exhibit temporal features. Therefore, the information acceptance among users will become blur and give cognitive burden if such data is not displayed using effective techniques. The aim of this study is to apply, use and evaluate Information Visualization (IV) techniques for displaying the Personal History Data (PHD) of patients for dietitians during counseling sessions. Since PHD values change consistently with the counseling session, our implementation mainly focused on quantitative temporal data such as Body Mass Index (BMI), blood pressure and blood glucose readings. This data is mapped into orientation circle type of visual representation, whereas data about medicinal and supplement intake are mapped into timeline segment which is based on the thickness of lines as well as the colors. A usability testing has been conducted among dietitians at Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, UKM. The result of the testing has shown that the use of visual representations capable of summarising complex data which ease the dietitian task of checking the PHD.

Noah, Shahrul Azman; Yaakob, Suraya; Shahar, Suzana

189

Manifestations of personality in Online Social Networks: self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information.  

PubMed

Despite the enormous popularity of Online Social Networking sites (OSNs; e.g., Facebook and Myspace), little research in psychology has been done on them. Two studies examining how personality is reflected in OSNs revealed several connections between the Big Five personality traits and self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. For example, extraversion predicted not only frequency of Facebook usage (Study 1), but also engagement in the site, with extraverts (vs. introverts) showing traces of higher levels of Facebook activity (Study 2). As in offline contexts, extraverts seek out virtual social engagement, which leaves behind a behavioral residue in the form of friends lists and picture postings. Results suggest that, rather than escaping from or compensating for their offline personality, OSN users appear to extend their offline personalities into the domains of OSNs. PMID:21254929

Gosling, Samuel D; Augustine, Adam A; Vazire, Simine; Holtzman, Nicholas; Gaddis, Sam

2011-09-01

190

Manifestations of Personality in Online Social Networks: Self-Reported Facebook-Related Behaviors and Observable Profile Information  

PubMed Central

Abstract Despite the enormous popularity of Online Social Networking sites (OSNs; e.g., Facebook and Myspace), little research in psychology has been done on them. Two studies examining how personality is reflected in OSNs revealed several connections between the Big Five personality traits and self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. For example, extraversion predicted not only frequency of Facebook usage (Study 1), but also engagement in the site, with extraverts (vs. introverts) showing traces of higher levels of Facebook activity (Study 2). As in offline contexts, extraverts seek out virtual social engagement, which leaves behind a behavioral residue in the form of friends lists and picture postings. Results suggest that, rather than escaping from or compensating for their offline personality, OSN users appear to extend their offline personalities into the domains of OSNs.

Augustine, Adam A; Vazire, Simine; Holtzman, Nicholas; Gaddis, Sam

2011-01-01

191

A Challenge for Teachers and Students in the 21st Century: How To Cope with Personal Ignorance and Generate Knowledge in an Information-Centred World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The information explosion and exponential development of information-accessing tools has had a disempowering effect on many people. A major challenge of the information-centered world is for students and teachers alike to learn how to assert responsibility and control over personal practice. Meeting this challenge may require personal

Baird, John

192

Tips and Tricks of Handling the TUS Data  

Cancer.gov

Tobacco Use Supplement To The Current Population Survey Users’ Workshop Tips and Tricks of Handling the TUS Data James “Todd” Gibson Information Management Services, Inc Tips and Tricks of Handling the TUS Data • Basic Information on Getting Starte d

193

Resource Unit, Personal Finance (Budgeting, Saving, Spending, Credit). Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching students to knowledgeably handle their personal finances is the central objective of the units presented in this curriculum guide. Included are four sections addressing budgeting, saving, spending, and credit. Each section includes a description of appropriate information to be presented, activity experiences intended to facilitate…

Overton, R. Jean

194

Transportation and handling loads  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Criteria and recommended practices are presented for the prediction and verification of transportation and handling loads for the space vehicle structure and for monitoring these loads during transportation and handling of the vehicle or major vehicle segments. Elements of the transportation and handling systems, and the forcing functions and associated loads are described. The forcing functions for common carriers and typical handling devices are assessed, and emphasis is given to the assessment of loads at the points where the space vehicle is supported during transportation and handling. Factors which must be considered when predicting the loads include the transportation and handling medium; type of handling fixture; transport vehicle speed; types of terrain; weather (changes in pressure of temperature, wind, etc.); and dynamics of the transportation modes or handling devices (acceleration, deceleration, and rotations of the transporter or handling device).

Ostrem, F. E.

1971-01-01

195

Informed decision-making among students analyzing their personal genomes on a whole genome sequencing course: a longitudinal cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple laboratories now offer clinical whole genome sequencing (WGS). We anticipate WGS becoming routinely used in research and clinical practice. Many institutions are exploring how best to educate geneticists and other professionals about WGS. Providing students in WGS courses with the option to analyze their own genome sequence is one strategy that might enhance students’ engagement and motivation to learn about personal genomics. However, if this option is presented to students, it is vital they make informed decisions, do not feel pressured into analyzing their own genomes by their course directors or peers, and feel free to analyze a third-party genome if they prefer. We therefore developed a 26-hour introductory genomics course in part to help students make informed decisions about whether to receive personal WGS data in a subsequent advanced genomics course. In the advanced course, they had the option to receive their own personal genome data, or an anonymous genome, at no financial cost to them. Our primary aims were to examine whether students made informed decisions regarding analyzing their personal genomes, and whether there was evidence that the introductory course enabled the students to make a more informed decision. Methods This was a longitudinal cohort study in which students (N?=?19) completed questionnaires assessing their intentions, informed decision-making, attitudes and knowledge before (T1) and after (T2) the introductory course, and before the advanced course (T3). Informed decision-making was assessed using the Decisional Conflict Scale. Results At the start of the introductory course (T1), most (17/19) students intended to receive their personal WGS data in the subsequent course, but many expressed conflict around this decision. Decisional conflict decreased after the introductory course (T2) indicating there was an increase in informed decision-making, and did not change before the advanced course (T3). This suggests that it was the introductory course content rather than simply time passing that had the effect. In the advanced course, all (19/19) students opted to receive their personal WGS data. No changes in technical knowledge of genomics were observed. Overall attitudes towards WGS were broadly positive. Conclusions Providing students with intensive introductory education about WGS may help them make informed decisions about whether or not to work with their personal WGS data in an educational setting.

2013-01-01

196

AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Information and Procedural Guidelines for Providing Services to Persons with AIDS/HIV. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume consists of updated information to be inserted into a Montana AIDS Project manual on providing services to persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome/human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS/HIV), originally published in December 1985. The updates are mainly statistics and terminology, along with the addition of several new sections.…

Montana State Dept. of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena. Health Education Bureau.

197

Personal Learning Environments, Social Media, and Self-Regulated Learning: A Natural Formula for Connecting Formal and Informal Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Personal Learning Environment or PLE is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for both integrating formal and informal learning using social media and supporting student self-regulated learning in higher education contexts. The purpose of this paper is to (a) review research that support this claim, (b) conceptualize the connection…

Dabbagh, Nada; Kitsantas, Anastasia

2012-01-01

198

Assistive Technology and Information Technology Use and Need by Persons With Disabilities in the United States, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2001 Survey of Assistive Technology and Information Technology Use and Need by Persons With Disabilities in the United States (AT Survey), was conducted over a nine-month period from March through December 2001. Each respondent was screened in as a pe...

D. Carlson N. Ehrlich

2005-01-01

199

Personal Privacy in Personnel Files: Application of Open Record Acts to Information in School District Personnel Files.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School district personnel files were traditionally considered private. Since the advent of federal and state open record acts, the private nature of personnel records has come into question. All court cases since 1966, in which a member of the public wanted access to public employee information and a personal privacy exemption was raised as a…

Dagley, Dave; Veir, Carole A.

200

Evaluation of a Classroom-Based, Language Training Program to Teach Mentally Retarded Children How to Give Personal Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study evaluated the effects of a classroom-based language training program in teaching two elementary-age mentally retarded children how to give personal information. Following training, the children were able to give correct responses to adults who were not involved in training. (Author/SB)

Luiselli, James K.

1982-01-01

201

41 CFR 105-64.104 - What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

41 Ç Public Contracts and Property Management Ç 3 Ç 2010-07-01 Ç 2010-07-01 Ç false Ç What must the system manager tell me when soliciting personal information? Ç 105-64.104 Ç Section 105-64.104 Ç Public Contracts and Property Management Ç Federal Property Management Regulations System...

2010-07-01

202

Online Discussion Processes: Effects of Earlier Messages' Evaluations, Knowledge Content, Social Cues and Personal Information on Later Messages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the flow of online discussions examined how earlier messages affected later messages along five dimensions: (1) evaluations (agreement, disagreement, or unresponsive actions); (2) knowledge content (contribution, repetition, or null content); (3) social cues (positive, negative, or none); (4) personal information (number of visits);…

Chen, Gaowei; Chiu, Ming Ming

2008-01-01

203

Grow Your Personal Learning Network: New Technologies Can Keep You Connected and Help You Manage Information Overload  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal learning networks (PLNs) are not new. People have long relied on their families, friends, colleagues, and acquaintances to supplement their knowledge about the world. But the times are changing. Information and communication technologies (ICT), including an ever-growing repertoire of open source applications, have freed content from the…

Warlick, David

2009-01-01

204

Epistemic States and Traits: Preschoolers Appreciate the Differential Informativeness of Situation-Specific and Person-Specific Cues to Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has demonstrated that preschoolers can use situation-specific (e.g., visual access) and person-specific (e.g., prior accuracy) cues to infer what others know. The present studies investigated whether 4- and 5-year-olds appreciate the differential informativeness of these types of cues. In Experiment 1 (N = 50), children used…

Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E.; Birch, Susan A. J.

2011-01-01

205

Animal Safety Handling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are at least three things to remember when handling all animals? Use Graphic Organizer Take notes on handling all different types of livestock. Read about Livestock Handling Safety and Good Relationships Be sure to record facts in your organizer. Read and explore Recommended Basic Livestock Handling. Dr. Grandin s guidelines Be sure to click on each link and take notes in organizer. Watch Sheep and Cattle Handling Guidelines Video Observe sheep and cattle handling practices. Read the first five sections of Know your livestock and be safe ...

Hammond, Mr.

2012-04-11

206

78 FR 53478 - Proposed Information Collection; United States Park Police Personal History Statement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

... Education and employment information. Driving record, arrest/conviction data, and criminal history information. Gambling information. Miscellaneous information, such as firearm permits, special skills, other languages, hobbies and...

2013-08-29

207

Safe handling: implementing hazardous drug precautions.  

PubMed

Occupational exposure to chemotherapy is a significant and ubiquitous danger to oncology nurses. The Oncology Clinical Nurse III/IV leadership group at the University of North Carolina Hospitals embarked on the challenge of a comprehensive standards review regarding personal protective equipment necessary when handling waste after hazardous drug administration. This review led to practice improvements in education, the use of chemotherapy-rated gloves when handling hazardous waste, and changes in the disposal options available to staff. A discharge teaching pamphlet on safe handling for the caregivers of patients receiving hazardous drugs was created and piloted. PMID:22641316

Walton, Ann Marie L; Mason, Susan; Busshart, Michele; Spruill, Angela D; Cheek, Summer; Lane, Ashley; Sabo, Kathy; Taylor, Amanda

2012-06-01

208

26 CFR 1.6039-2 - Statements to persons with respect to whom information is reported.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Each statement required by this paragraph (a) to be furnished to any person must be furnished to such person on Form 3921, Exercise of an Incentive Stock Option Under Section 422(b) (or its designated successor) and be delivered at such time and in...

2011-04-01

209

Improved weight management using genetic information to personalize a calorie controlled diet  

PubMed Central

Background Gene-environment studies demonstrate variability in nutrient requirements depending upon individual variations in genes affecting nutrient metabolism and transport. This study investigated whether the inclusion of genetic information to personalize a patient's diet (nutrigenetics) could improve long term weight management. Methods Patients with a history of failures at weight loss were offered a nutrigenetic test screening 24 variants in 19 genes involved in metabolism. 50 patients were in the nutrigenetic group and 43 patients attending the same clinic were selected for comparison using algorithms to match the characteristics: age, sex, frequency of clinical visits and BMI at initial clinic visit. The second group of 43 patients did not receive a nutrigenetic test. BMI reduction at 100 and > 300 days and blood fasting glucose were measured. Results After 300 days of follow-up individuals in the nutrigenetic group were more likely to have maintained some weight loss (73%) than those in the comparison group (32%), resulting in an age and gender adjusted OR of 5.74 (95% CI 1.74–22.52). Average BMI reduction in the nutrigenetic group was 1.93 kg/m2(5.6% loss) vs. an average BMI gain of 0.51 kg/m2(2.2% gain) (p < 0.023). Among patients with a starting blood fasting glucose of > 100 mg/dL, 57% (17/30) of the nutrigenetic group but only 25% (4/16) of the non-tested group had levels reduced to < 100 mg/dL after > 90 days of weight management therapy (OR for lowering glucose to < 100 mg/dL due to diet = 1.98 95%CI 1.01, 3.87, p < 0.046). Conclusion Addition of nutrigenetically tailored diets resulted in better compliance, longer-term BMI reduction and improvements in blood glucose levels.

Arkadianos, Ioannis; Valdes, Ana M; Marinos, Efstathios; Florou, Anna; Gill, Rosalynn D; Grimaldi, Keith A

2007-01-01

210

Privacy: Domestic and Offshore Outsourcing of Personal Information in Medicare, Medicaid, and TRICARE.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal contractors and state Medicaid agencies are responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Medicare, Medicaid, and TRICARE programs. Because these entities may contract with vendors to perform services involving the use of personal health data, ...

2006-01-01

211

41 CFR 102-36.235 - What information do we provide when reporting excess personal property?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...provide when reporting excess personal property? 102-36.235 Section 102-36.235 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

2013-07-01

212

Identity Processing and Personal Wisdom: An Information-Oriented Identity Style Predicts Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate whether individual differences in young adults' identity processing styles predict aspects of personal wisdom (self-actualization and self-transcendence) and related outcomes (meaning in life and subjective happiness). Fifty-three men and 105 women completed self-report questionnaires measuring: identity commitment; identity processing styles (informational, normative, diffuse-avoidant); self-actualization (via autonomy, adaptation, and psychological functioning); self-transcendence (decreasing reliance on

Sherry L. Beaumont

2009-01-01

213

Corporate Models for Handling International Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one views the interface of American and other cultures in international business, the first and most vivid impression is a lack of awareness of cultural differences. Persons are assigned to foreign duty with little if any briefing about the culture they will enter. Two approaches to improving the handling of international business are…

Howell, William S.

214

77 FR 31068 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology AGENCY: Office of Foreign...Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology,'' whose property and...Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology,'' (the...

2012-05-24

215

HIV testing among the general US population and persons at increased risk: information from national surveys, 1987-1996.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: We used data from national surveys to measure the rate of HIV testing in the general US population and among persons at increased behavioral risk and summarized what has been learned about HIV testing from these surveys. METHODS: Three nationally representative surveys were used: the National Health Interview Survey for 1987 through 1995, the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth, and the 1996 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. These surveys asked about HIV testing experience and behavioral risks for HIV. Rates of testing were computed for all persons, including those at increased risk for HIV. RESULTS: From 1987 to 1995, the percentage of adults ever tested increased from 16% to 40%. The 3 surveys were consistent with one another, and all showed much higher rates of testing for persons at increased risk for HIV. CONCLUSIONS: Surveys have provided information on HIV testing that is not available elsewhere, including rates of testing from private sources and public programs. Efforts to measure HIV testing and its correlates should continue and should be improved to provide information essential for effective programs.

Anderson, J E; Carey, J W; Taveras, S

2000-01-01

216

Assessing the Competence of Persons With Alzheimer's Disease in Providing Informed Consent for Participation in Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The capacity of persons with Alzheimer's disease or other neuropsy- chiatric disorders for giving consent to participate in research has come under increasing scrutiny. While instruments for measuring abilities related to capacity have been developed, how they should be used to categorize subjects as capable or incapable is not clear. A criterion vali- dation study was carried out to

Scott Y. H. Kim; Eric D. Caine; Glenn W. Currier; Adrian Leibovici; Michael Ryan

2001-01-01

217

Information management to enable personalized medicine: stakeholder roles in building clinical decision support  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Advances in technology and the scientific understanding of disease processes are presenting new opportunities to improve health through individualized approaches to patient management referred to as personalized medicine. Future health care strategies that deploy genomic technologies and molecular therapies will bring opportunities to prevent, predict, and pre-empt disease processes but will be dependent on knowledge management capabilities for health

Gregory J Downing; Scott N Boyle; Kristin M Brinner; Jerome A Osheroff

2009-01-01

218

Abuse of Mentally Retarded Persons: Characteristics of the Abused, the Abuser, and the Informer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The possible casues of abuse of mentally retarded persons in residential facilities are examined and a study of all reported abuse cases occurring in Alabama's residential facilities from January, 1984, to September, 1986 is reviewed. Fifty-seven confirmed cases of abuse were identified for further examination using facility records and system…

Marchetti, Allen

219

Data Handling and Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When marking GCSE data handling coursework, the author was repeatedly reminded just how poor the level of statistical understanding is among students. In response to a feeling that the teaching of handling data topics was limited, the author and her colleague designed a project with Y8 students to try to teach statistics for a deeper…

Tresidder, Gwen

2006-01-01

220

The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information

Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

2011-01-01

221

Designing a Personalized Guide Recommendation System to Mitigate Information Overload in Museum Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Museum learning has received a lot of attention in recent years. Museum learning refers to people's use of museums to acquire knowledge. However, a problem with information overload has caused in engaging in such learning. Information overload signifies that users encounter a mass of information and need to determine whether certain information

Huang, Yong-Ming; Liu, Chien-Hung; Lee, Chun-Yi; Huang, Yueh-Min

2012-01-01

222

[Online retrieval of patient information by asynchronous communication between a general purpose computer and a stand-alone personal computer].  

PubMed

Asynchronous communication was made between host (FACOM M-340) and personal computer (OLIBETTIE S-2250) to get patient's information required for RIA test registration. The retrieval system consists of a keyboard input of six numeric codes, patient's ID, and a real time reply containing six parameters for the patient. Their identified parameters are patient's name, sex, date of birth (include area), department, and out- or inpatient. Linking this program to RIA registration program for individual patient, then, operator can input name of RIA test requested. Our simple retrieval program made a useful data network between different types of host and stand-alone personal computers, and enabled us accurate and labor-saving registration for RIA test. PMID:3387606

Tsutsumi, R; Takahashi, K; Sato, T; Komatani, A; Yamaguchi, K

1988-03-01

223

Coal and ash handling in a typical industrial boiler plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the person considering coal as the primary fuel for a new plant, the systems that are unique to coal firing are of particular interest. This paper discussed two of those systems, namely coal handling and ash handling, for a typical, medium size, industrial boiler plant located in this general area. For the purposes of this paper, the typical boiler

1981-01-01

224

Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and Personality Development  

PubMed Central

In this essay I consider the future of personality development in light of the past effects of Personality and Assessment on the field of personality in general and personality development in particular. The essay is organized around 1) the effect of Mischel's book on the foundational theories informing personality development; 2) definitions of personality traits; 3) an alternative model of personality traits, described as the sociogenomic model of personality traits, that can bridge the divide that still characterizes the field of personality development; 4) the application of the sociogenomic model of personality traits to issues of personality trait development, and 5) a “Newtonian” vision for the future of personality psychology.

Roberts, Brent W.

2009-01-01

225

63 FR 19520 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theda Kenney, Directorate of Safety Standards Programs...who request copies by telephoning Theda Kenney at (202) 219-8061, extension...

1998-04-20

226

Genetics of personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief review of genetically informative studies of personality disorders. Findings from twin and adoption studies suggest that personality disorders are moderately to strongly heritable (heritability estimates between 30% and 80%) and that environmental factors that increase the risk of personality disorder are individual specific (non-shared environment estimates between 25% and 70%). Molecular genetic studies of personality

Nathalie Fontaine; Essi Viding

2008-01-01

227

Stiff-Person Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Stiff-Person Syndrome Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Stiff-Person Syndrome? Is there ... being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Stiff-Person Syndrome? Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a rare ...

228

Livestock-handling quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Careful handling of pigs and cattle at slaughter plants helps preserve meat quality. Cattle handled quietly have less bruising and cattle that re- main calm during handling are less likely to have dark cutting or tough meat. In pigs, quiet handling and a minimum of electric prod use in the stunning chute reduce PSE approximately 10%. Quiet handling also helps

T. Grandin

2009-01-01

229

Bulk Material Handling System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The patent application relates to a bulk material handling system particularly adapted for underground mining. It includes a monorail supported overhead and carrying a plurality of conveyors, each having input and output end portions with the output end p...

W. K. Kleysteuber W. D. Mayercheck

1977-01-01

230

Handling Pyrophoric Reagents  

SciTech Connect

Pyrophoric reagents are extremely hazardous. Special handling techniques are required to prevent contact with air and the resulting fire. This document provides several methods for working with pyrophoric reagents outside of an inert atmosphere.

Alnajjar, Mikhail S.; Haynie, Todd O.

2009-08-14

231

Helicopter Handling Qualities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Helicopters are used by the military and civilian communities for a variety of tasks and must be capable of operating in poor weather conditions and at night. Accompanying extended helicopter operations is a significant increase in pilot workload and a need for better handling qualities. An overview of the status and problems in the development and specification of helicopter handling-qualities criteria is presented. Topics for future research efforts by government and industry are highlighted.

1982-01-01

232

Modeling the socially intelligent communication of health information to a patient's personal social network.  

PubMed

This study examined how emotional proximity and gender affect people's information requirements when someone that they know is chronically or critically ill. In an online study, participants were asked what information they would want to receive about members of their social network in three categories: someone who was very close, someone who was not so close, and someone who was not close at all. Our results show that the information that people want can be predicted from their gender and emotional proximity to the network member. The closer the relationship with the patient, the more information people want. Women want more information than men. We propose a model for the socially intelligent communication of health information across the social network, and discuss areas for its application. PMID:19887326

Moncur, Wendy; Reiter, Ehud; Masthoff, Judith; Carmichael, Alex

2010-03-01

233

76 FR 51125 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations.'' AGENCY: Office of...Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations.'' FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations'' (the...

2011-08-17

234

Semantic Web-Driven LMS Architecture towards a Holistic Learning Process Model Focused on Personalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive presentation is here made on the modular architecture of an e-learning platform with a distinctive emphasis on content personalization, combining advantages from semantic web technology, collaborative filtering and recommendation systems. Modules of this architecture handle information about both the domain-specific didactic…

Kerkiri, Tania

2010-01-01

235

A service-portlet based visual paradigm for personalized convergence of information resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

It gains more and more attentions on how to enable users to dynamically construct and reconstruct Web applications of information convergence in run time to resolving urgent and unplanned business requirements. Visual programming environment, information resources virtualization and management, and visual representation of user-defined applications are important and challenging issues in dynamically constructing these applications. To address these needs, a

Yongshan Wei; Zhonglin Sun; Xin Chen; Feng Zhang

2009-01-01

236

Personal Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of the Marine Corps Institute (MCI) correspondence training program, this course on personal finance is designed to provide all Marines with the ability to manage their financial affairs successfully. Introductory materials include specific information for MCI students, a course introduction, and a study guide (guidelines to…

Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

237

78 FR 13158 - Proposed Information Collection (Authorization To Disclose Personal Beneficiary/Claimant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2013-02-26

238

76 FR 38744 - Proposed Information Collection (Application by Insured Terminally Ill Person for Accelerated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2011-07-01

239

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 310 - Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accordance with current Information Assurance (IA) policies and procedures, as issued...or privileged functions, must conform to IA controls specified in DoD Instruction 8500...processing PII should comply with the latest IA policies and procedures. 7....

2013-07-01

240

Secure Processing from the Desktop: A Policy for Using Personal Workstations to Process Restricted Company Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Corporate data communications networks are rapidly becoming major information exchange resources for the companies they serve. They can easily provide the underlying services needed to share unclassified, non sensitive technical and administrative informa...

L. J. LaPadula J. G. Williams

1994-01-01

241

Technology, Personal Attributes and the Perceived Amount and Focus of Accounting and Information System Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Characteristics of cognitive style and managerial tasks are related to the way managers perceive and use formal accounting and information system data. Data were collected from 142 respondents in 24 departments of several organizations. The findings sugge...

N. B. Macintosh R. L. Draft

1985-01-01

242

DO FOCUS GROUPS AND PERSONAL INTERVIEWS REVEAL THE SAME INFORMATION FOR NATURAL RESOURCE VALUATION? (R827922)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

243

An analysis of personal medical information disclosed in YouTube videos created by patients with multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

The Internet has become one of the main sources of health information. Today, content generation is no longer limited to the healthcare professionals of the late nineties; Web 2.0 services and platforms have empowered patients to create and interact with various forms of Patient-Generated Content (PGC); these include: videos, blogs, and social networking pages, among others. This investigation evaluated the characteristics of PGC found within YouTube video comments. We selected a random sample of 25 out of 769 Multiple Sclerosis patient-generated videos and analyzed their corresponding 557 comments for health information. 320 comments met the inclusion criteria and 70 contained personal health information (PHI). Comments with PHI were sub-characterized for the type of medical information (i.e., diagnosis, date of diagnosis, medication, among others). In this descriptive study, we present the strata within this content and postulate some of the corresponding patient risks and ethical challenges associated with PGC found in YouTube video comments. PMID:19745316

Fernandez-Luque, Luis; Elahi, Najeed; Grajales, Francisco J

2009-01-01

244

Validity and reliability of the Caregiver Reaction Assessment scale among primary informal caregivers for older persons in Singapore.  

PubMed

Previous studies evaluating the validity and reliability of the Caregiver Reaction Assessment (CRA) scale (24 items; five subscales: schedule, health, finances, family support, and esteem) in different countries are not fully congruent. This article assesses the validity and reliability of the CRA among informal caregivers of older persons in Singapore. Data from a national survey of 1190 primary informal caregivers of Singaporeans aged ?75 years with ?1 activity of daily living limitation was analyzed. Fit of the five-factor model was tested in half of the sample using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the other half subjected to exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The CRA was modified accordingly and again subjected to CFA. The CRA's measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across language of administration (Chinese/English/Malay) was assessed. CFA showed a poor fit for the five-factor model. EFA suggested the presence of four factors, three items to have neither sufficient nor unique factor loadings and items on two of the subscales to load on a single factor. CFA of the 'modified' CRA (21 items; four subscales: schedule and health, finances, family support, and esteem) suggested a better fit for the four-factor model than for the five-factor model. ME/I analysis supported partial invariance of the CRA across language of administration. The CRA scale should be assessed for relevance in Asian settings. With the suggested modifications, it is suitable for assessing negative and positive effects of caregiving among informal caregivers of older persons with activity limitations in Singapore. PMID:22838393

Malhotra, Rahul; Chan, Angelique; Malhotra, Chetna; Østbye, Truls

2012-01-01

245

Assess to Public Meetings [and] Assistive Listening Devices (ALD'S) [and] Access to Printed Information by Visually-Impaired Persons. Technical Assistance Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This item consists of three separate "Technical Assistance Guides" combined into one document because they all are concerned with improving access to information for handicapped people. Specifically, the three guides provide: (1) information to enable hearing impaired, visually impaired, and mobility impaired persons to have access to public…

Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Civil Rights Div.

246

Influences of Formal Learning, Personal Characteristics, and Work Environment Characteristics on Informal Learning among Middle Managers in the Korean Banking Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of formal learning, personal characteristics, and work environment characteristics on informal learning among middle managers in the Korean banking sector. The conceptual framework identified three factors influencing informal learning. For this study, data collection was conducted in the…

Choi, Woojae

2010-01-01

247

Does Personalized Water and Hand Quality Information Affect Attitudes, Behavior, and Health in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tanzania (TZ) has one of the highest rates of child mortality due to enteric disease in the world. NGOs and local agencies have introduced numerous technologies (e.g., chlorine tablets, borewells) to increase the quantity and quality of water in Dar es Salaam, the capital of Tanzania, in hopes of reducing morbidity and mortality of waterborne disease. The objective of the present study is to determine if providing personalized information about water quality and hand surface quality, as determined by concentrations of enterococci and E. coli, results in improved health and water quality in households. A cohort study was completed in June-September 2008 in 3 communities ranging from urban to per-urban in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to achieve our objective. The study consisted of 4 cohorts that were visited 4 times over the 3 month study. One cohort received no information about water and hand quality until the end of the summer, while the other groups received either just information on hand surface quality, just information on water quality, and information on both hand surface and water quality after the first (baseline) household visit. We report concentrations of enterococci and E. coli in water sources (surface waters and bore wells), water stored in households, and environmental waters were children and adults swim and bathe. In addition, we report concentrations of enterococci and E. coli on hands of caregivers and children in households. Preliminary results of surveys on health and perceptions of water quality and illness from the households are provided. Ongoing work will integrate the microbiological and sociological data sets to determine if personalized information interventions resulted in changes in health, water quality in the household, or perceptions of water quality, quantity and relation to human health. Future work will analyze DNA samples from hands and water for human-specific Bacteroides bacteria which are only present in human feces. Our study has the potential to provide empirical evidence to promote large scale monitoring and education campaigns in Africa to improve health and reduce the burden of waterborne disease.

Davis, J.; Pickering, A.; Horak, H.; Boehm, A.

2008-12-01

248

Single Particles Handling and Analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single environmental hot particle carries a wealth of information about its radiological, chemical and metallurgical history,\\u000a including clues about its release-scenario. The physical and chemical characteristics of the particle bear upon its mobilization\\u000a and long-term behavior in the ecosystem.\\u000a \\u000a The ability to locate, re-locate, handle and analyze single, isolated particles is essential in the arenas of nuclear forensics,\\u000a safeguards

Uri Admon; E. Chinea-Cano; D. Wegrzynek; H. Aigner; A. Markowicz; G. Tamborini; F. Ruedenauer; W. Costin

249

The Librarian's Role in Linking Patients to Their Personal Health Data and Contextual Information  

PubMed Central

The objectives of this project were to make the institution’s patients aware of a new patient portal with contextual links to MedlinePlus. Through partnerships with information technology personnel and LSU Health Shreveport clinics, the Health Sciences Library created and distributed promotional and educational materials, and instructed patients on how to use MyChart and access reliable consumer health information via MedlinePlus Connect. Although most patients were not interested in coming to the library for demonstrations, many of them expressed interest in using MyChart. The contextual information in MedlinePlus Connect worked well for most topics. The institutional team leader for MyChart expressed gratitude for librarian involvement.

Jones, Dixie A; Adams, Mararia; Garcia, Alejandro

2013-01-01

250

Application Examples for Handle System Usage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Besides the well-known DOI (Digital Object Identifiers) as a special form of Handles that resolve to scientific publications there are various other applications in use. Others perhaps are just not yet. We present some examples for the existing ones and some ideas for the future. The national German project C3-Grid provides a framework to implement a first solution for provenance tracing and explore unforeseen implications. Though project-specific, the high-level architecture is generic and represents well a common notion of data derivation. Users select one or many input datasets and a workflow software module (an agent in this context) to execute on the data. The output data is deposited in a repository to be delivered to the user. All data is accompanied by an XML metadata document. All input and output data, metadata and the workflow module receive Handles and are linked together to establish a directed acyclic graph of derived data objects and involved agents. Data that has been modified by a workflow module is linked to its predecessor data and the workflow module involved. Version control systems such as svn or git provide Internet access to software repositories using URLs. To refer to a specific state of the source code of for instance a C3 workflow module, it is sufficient to reference the URL to the svn revision or git hash. In consequence, individual revisions and the repository as a whole receive PIDs. Moreover, the revision specific PIDs are linked to their respective predecessors and become part of the provenance graph. Another example for usage of PIDs in a current major project is given in EUDAT (European Data Infrastructure) which will link scientific data of several research communities together. In many fields it is necessary to provide data objects at multiple locations for a variety of applications. To ensure consistency, not only the master of a data object but also its copies shall be provided with a PID. To verify transaction safety and to keep all copies consistent requires that the chain from master to copy and vice versa has to be resolvable, preferably through PIDs directly. As part of EUDAT necessary services are created on the basis of iRODS. These form the core structure of the data infrastructure developed within EUDAT. Though many implementations of PID systems already exist, many valuable web accessible data sources come with unresolvable identifiers like UUIDs, with instable recognition patterns like URLs, or even with proprietary implementations. However, other data collections would like to link to them in the data descriptions of their metadata. In addition, by usage of PIDs one can decouple the responsibilities for data and MD in projects where necessary. For some metadata entities like persons or even institutes it makes sense to give them single PIDs that point to contact and/or location information. ORCID (Open Researcher & Contributor ID), e.g., keeps track of persons working in scholarly fields, independent of name changes and linguistic variances. The ISO 27729 based International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) also identifies legal entities and fictional characters besides natural persons. Other systems exist that, e.g., reference geographic localities. IDs of this kind may resolve to a URL where detailed information is given.

Toussaint, F.; Weigel, T.; Thiemann, H.; Höck, H.; Stockhause, M.; Lautenschlager, M.

2012-12-01

251

Health Weaver Mobile: Designing a Mobile Tool for Managing Personal Health Information during Cancer Care.  

PubMed

Cancer patients manage a great deal of information to coordinate their care. Critical aspects of this work take place while patients are away from home or have diminished attention due to symptoms or side effects. We describe the design of HealthWeaver Mobile, a mobile phone application we developed to help patients manage care-related information in such situations. We discuss findings from two participatory design groups with breast cancer patients and the design decisions made to implement functional requirements uncovered in those groups. PMID:21347007

Klasnja, Predrag; Hartzler, Andrea; Powell, Christopher; Phan, Giovandy; Pratt, Wanda

2010-01-01

252

Safe Handling Practices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1977 Compugraphic Corporation was experiencing an unacceptable failure rate on microelectronic chips. Company engineers suspected that static electricity was causing the trouble because some electronic components are highly susceptible to damage by electrostatic charge. From a NASA Tech Brief, they learned that Rockwell International had prepared a report on safe handling practices for electronic components. NASA provided a Technical Support Package detailing 50 safe handling procedures affecting workers, work areas, equipment and packaging materials. Where poor practices were discovered, re-education of employees and other corrective measures were undertaken.

1980-01-01

253

Impacts of information technology on personal travel and commercial vehicle operations: research challenges and opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Travel, like many other aspects of daily life is being transformed by the information technology (IT) revolution. Accessibility can no longer be measured only in terms of travel time, distance or generalized travel cost. IT gives people virtual accessibility to a rapidly growing range of activities. E-commerce has become a catalyst for structural changes in the freight transportation industry and

Thomas F. Golob; Amelia C. Regan

2001-01-01

254

A personal perspective on behaviour and information technology: a 20-year progress and future trend  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the studies on human aspects of information technology undertaken by Salvendy and his colleagues in the past two decades. By looking into the evolution of these studies, the article discusses that technology has been driving this discipline. The future of this field is envisioned.

Xiaowen Fang; Gavriel Salvendy

2001-01-01

255

WinAgent: Creating and Managing Personal Information Assistants for Biological Data Collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life scientists spend significant time browsing pub lic online data websites to identify and retrieve information relevant to ongoing investigations, par ticularly new updates regarding functions associate d with specific genes, the annotation of genetic vari ations of genes (alleles, single nucleotide polymor phisms (SNPs)), and patterns of expression of genes. Some of this activity is exploratory to identify new

Michael Berens; Hasan Davulcu; Anna Joy; Zoé Lacroix; Kaushal Parekh; I. V. Ramakrishnan; Prabhdeep Singh

256

(WIRLED PEAS): World Information Resources, Localized Environment Distribution: Personalized Emergency Alerting System  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we become increasingly conscious of the risks in the world around us, we also become aware of the need to communicate with large numbers of people who may be exposed to a variety of hazards. Central services need to deliver the right information to the right people, giving first responders, public officials, news organizations, and members of the general

Michelle Raymond

2004-01-01

257

Supporting Personalized Information Exploration through Subjective Expert-created Semantic Attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ordinary users are finding it increasingly difficult to explore the large volumes of diverse data they encounter in their everyday lives. Techniques based on data mining algorithms are useful but they tend to be too complex for casual users to work with effectively. Furthermore, these techniques don't allow the user to engage with the information using semantics meaningful to them.

Cormac Hampson; Owen Conlan

2009-01-01

258

Bimodal person-dependent emotion recognition comparison of feature level and decision level information fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern HCI systems tend to build a new channel of human-computer interaction in which the human emotion is understandable by computers. Since Humans depict emotional behavior in combination of various modalities (e.g. facial expression, speech articulations); The HCI should reliably perceive emotional information from multiple channels. The goal of the paper is to propose an approach for combining emotion related

Muharram Mansoorizadeh; Nasrollah Moghadam Charkari

2008-01-01

259

LeZi-Update: An Information-Theoretic Framework for Personal Mobility Tracking in PCS Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity of the mobility tracking problem in a cellular environment has been characterized under an information-theoretic framework. Shannon's entropy measure is identified as a basis for comparing user mobility models. By building and maintaining a dictionary of individual user's path updates (as opposed to the widely used location updates), the proposed adaptive on-line algorithm can learn subscribers' profiles. This

Amiya Bhattacharya; Sajal K. Das

2002-01-01

260

Living with the label "disability": personal narrative as a resource for responsive and informed practice in biomedicine and bioethics.  

PubMed

What is it like to live with the label "Disability?" NIB editorial staff and narrative symposium editors, Jeffery Bishop and Naomi Sunderland developed a call for stories, which was sent to several list serves, shared with the 1000 Voices Project community and posted on Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics' website. The request for personal stories from people who identify with the label "disabled" asked them to: consider how the label "disability" interacts with other aspects of their life in health care settings; does the term "disability" reflect their actual embodied experiences of impairment or does it fail to do justice to their particular experience of impairment; describe the kind of experiences that are possible because of the impairment(s); discuss how the label has affected their "authentic voice"; and many other concepts about what effects the label has on their lives. These authors share deeply personal experiences that will help readers understand their world, challenges, and joys. Thirteen stories are found in the print version of the journal and an additional five supplemental stories are published online only through Project MUSE. The stories are complemented by four commentary articles by Elizabeth R. Schiltz; Lorna Hallahan; Nicole Matthews, Kathleen Ellem, and Lesley Chenoweth; and Jeffery Bishop, Rachelle Barina, and Devan Stahl. These scholars come from the disciplines of law, social work, media studies, medicine, and bioethics from Australia and the United States. Together, the symposium's storytellers and commentators offer striking and informative insights into the everydayness of living with disabilities. PMID:24407115

Bishop, Jeffery; Sunderland, Naomi

2013-01-01

261

Radiation shielding and transport codes and data libraries for personal computers available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center  

SciTech Connect

In nuclear applications, the conversion of mainframe software to the personal computer (PC) environment has seen an accelerated pace. Credit has to be extended to the software companies that have made the scientific language FORTRAN available on PCs. Not to be neglected are the scientists who dedicate their time in the conversion of codes and are challenged by the limited PC memory and disk space. The Radiation shielding Information Center (RSIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has encouraged these developments, and the shielding community has cooperated by making these new tools available via RSIC. The PC codes in the shielding and radiation transport area are divided into five categories (these categories are not mutually exclusive): (1) gamma-ray scattering; (2) neutron and gamma-ray transport (also coupled); (3) environmental dose; (4) medical applications; and (5) reactor physics. Each category is discussed.

Kirk, B.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1990-01-01

262

Apparatus for handling ash  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ash-handling apparatus is described comprising: a container having a substantially planar surface formed therein, the container being filled with liquid for receiving ash when the apparatus is in operative condition; an elongate paddle element for sweeping across the planar surface thereby collecting such ash along the front thereof, the paddle element being pivotally mounted on the planar surface; means

D. W. Pressnall; M. R. Keller; R. E. Schwartz

1989-01-01

263

Dry ash handling system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a dry ash handling system for a combustor, comprising: an ash hopper accepting ash from the combustor and providing a fixed ash height sufficient to allow substantially complete combustion of partially burned objects. The ash hopper includes mixing means for mixing the ash and preventing air channels, and the mixing means comprising an inner wall of the

C. L. Liszewski; D. McKeand

1988-01-01

264

Handling Irregularities in ROADRUNNER  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on some recent advancements on the devel- opment of the ROADRUNNER system, which is able to automatically infer a wrapper for HTML pages. One of the major drawbacks of the ROADRUNNER approach was its limited ability in handling irregularities in the source pages. To overcome this issue, we have devel- oped a technique to deal with chunks of

Valter Crescenzi; Giansalvatore Mecca; Paolo Merialdo

265

Describing Research Informed Consent in Persons with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs): Responses and Correlates  

PubMed Central

This manuscript describes the responses and correlates of outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders to a tool designed to measure comprehension before obtaining informed consent for research participation. We used the Evaluation to Sign Consent (ESC) Form to document comprehension in 100 outpatients as part of their consent to participate in a study of an exercise intervention. The exercise intervention study is ongoing; these findings suggest that the ESC is a feasible and acceptable approach for documenting comprehension of research procedures prior to obtaining informed consent. Age 49 years and older and the receipt of intramuscular antipsychotic medication predicted the need for additional assistance to successfully complete the ESC (?2 = 8.29, p = 0.016). Nurse researchers should consider documenting comprehension with the ESC due to its availability, time efficiency and utility.

Beebe, Lora Humphrey; Smith, Kathlene

2010-01-01

266

Integrated transitional care: patient, informal caregiver and health care provider perspectives on care transitions for older persons with hip fracture  

PubMed Central

Introduction Complex older adults, such as those with hip fracture, frequently require care from multiple professionals across a variety of settings. Integrated care both between providers and across settings is important to ensure care quality and patient safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the core factors related to poorly integrated care when hip fracture patients transition between care settings. Methods A qualitative, focused ethnographic approach was used to guide data collection and analysis. Patients, their informal caregivers and health care providers were interviewed and observed at each care transition. A total of 45 individual interviews were conducted. Interview transcripts and field notes were coded and analysed to uncover emerging themes in the data. Results Four factors related to poorly integrated transitional care were identified: confusion with communication about care, unclear roles and responsibilities, diluted personal ownership over care, and role strain due to system constraints. Conclusions Our research supports a broader notion of collaborative practice that extends beyond specific care settings and includes an appropriate, informed role for patients and informal caregivers. This research can help guide system-level and setting-specific interventions designed to promote high-quality, patient-centred care during care transitions.

Toscan, Justine; Mairs, Katie; Hinton, Stephanie; Stolee, Paul

2012-01-01

267

78 FR 20644 - Information Collection; Tangible Personal Property Report (SF-428A, 428B, and 428C)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to tangible personal property when...by a Federal financial assistance award...the ``Grants Management'' and...Financial Assistance Management Improvement...S. Chief Financial Officers Council...standards for management and disposition...supplies (tangible personal property)...

2013-04-05

268

Balancing formal and informal care for older persons: how case managers respond.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined how front-line home and community-care (H&CC) case managers view the role of informal caregivers, and the factors that contribute to H&CC managers' resource allocation decisions. The study research used two methods of data collection: (a) secondary analysis of the results from balance of care (BoC) simulations conducted in nine regions of Ontario, and (b) in-depth follow-up interviews with participating BoC case managers. Results suggest that case managers unanimously agree that the unit of care in the H&CC sector is not confined to the individual, as in acute care, but encompasses both the individual and the caregiver. We found, however, considerable variation in the mix and volume of H&CC services recommended by case managers. We conclude that variability in decision making may reflect the lack of regulations, best practices, and accountability guidelines in the H&CC sector. PMID:24780306

Peckham, Allie; Williams, A Paul; Neysmith, Sheila

2014-06-01

269

26 CFR 1.6038-2 - Information returns required of United States persons with respect to annual accounting periods...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...control of a foreign corporation if at any time during that person's taxable year...person who is a shareholder owning at any time during the annual accounting period 5 percent...any United States person owning at the time of the transaction 10 percent or more...

2011-04-01

270

Plutonium Immobilization Puck Handling  

SciTech Connect

The Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) will immobilize excess plutonium and store the plutonium in a high level waste radiation field. To accomplish these goals, the PIP will process various forms of plutonium into plutonium oxide, mix the oxide powder with ceramic precursors, press the mixture into pucks, sinter the pucks into a ceramic puck, load the pucks into metal cans, seal the cans, load the cans into magazines, and load the magazines into a Defense Waste Processing Facility (DPWF) canister. These canisters will be sent to the DWPF, an existing Savannah River Site (SRS) facility, where molten high level waste glass will be poured into the canisters encapsulating the ceramic pucks. Due to the plutonium radiation, remote equipment will perform these operations in a contained environment. The Plutonium Immobilization Project is in the early design stages and the facility will begin operation in 2005. This paper will discuss the Plutonium Immobilization puck handling conceptual design and the puck handling equipment testing.

Kriikku, E.

1999-01-26

271

Laboratory-based HIV surveillance with information on exposure: importance of discriminating person-based from test-based results.  

PubMed

Within a surveillance programme in a Regional Public Health Laboratory anonymous information on HIV test, requesting physician and tested individual is automatically selected, regardless of test result. Thereby, personal identifiers are transformed into unique but meaningless numeric codes. Besides, requesting physicians receive a questionnaire on indication for testing (response 87%). Between April 1989 and June 1993 12,219 HIV tests were performed in 10,972 individuals. The percentage of positive tests (2.1%) was twice the percentage of positive individuals (1%). No increase in number of new infections was observed over time. Of individuals, 41.6% were tested due to third party requests (mainly insurance): HIV was demonstrated once (0.03%). Among the remainder, with medical indications, seroprevalence was 1.4%. At relatively little expense, we were able to provide valid information about patterns of HIV-testing and HIV seroprevalences among people tested in routine medical practice. Prevention of double counts proved to be important. Extension to other Dutch areas is expected. PMID:8737336

van Duynhoven, Y T; Houweling, H; Wiessing, L G; Esveld, M I; Nieste, H L; Katchaki, J N

1996-01-01

272

Establishing a composite endpoint for measuring the effectiveness of geriatric interventions based on older persons' and informal caregivers' preference weights: a vignette study  

PubMed Central

Background The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey Minimal Dataset’s (TOPICS-MDS) questionnaire which measures relevant outcomes for elderly people was successfully incorporated into over 60 research projects of the Dutch National Care for the Elderly Programme. A composite endpoint (CEP) for this instrument would be helpful to compare effectiveness of the various intervention projects. Therefore, our aim is to establish a CEP for the TOPICS-MDS questionnaire, based on the preferences of elderly persons and informal caregivers. Methods A vignette study was conducted with 200 persons (124 elderly and 76 informal caregivers) as raters. The vignettes described eight TOPICS-MDS outcomes of older persons (morbidity, functional limitations, emotional well-being, pain experience, cognitive functioning, social functioning, self-perceived health and self-perceived quality of life) and the raters assessed the general well-being (GWB) of these vignette cases on a numeric rating scale (0–10). Mixed linear regression analyses were used to derive the preference weights of the TOPICS-MDS outcomes (dependent variable: GWB scores; fixed factors: the eight outcomes; unstandardized coefficients: preference weights). Results The mixed regression model that combined the eight outcomes showed that the weights varied from 0.01 for social functioning to 0.16 for self-perceived health. A model that included “informal caregiver” showed that the interactions between this variable and each of the eight outcomes were not significant (p?>?0.05). Conclusion A preference-weighted CEP for TOPICS-MDS questionnaire was established based on the preferences of older persons and informal caregivers. With this CEP optimal comparing the effectiveness of interventions in older persons can be realized.

2014-01-01

273

Integration of information technology, wireless networks, and personal digital assistants for triage and casualty.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a portable tool for use by first responders in documenting triage of victims in a mass casualty incident (MCI) more effectively. The tool presented in this study allows first responders to gather patients vital signs, injuries, and triage status in a prompt and accurate way, and enables first responders to wirelessly communicate vital health information throughout the entire care continuum. The architecture infrastructure for the portable device is called Triage and Casualty Informatics Technology (TACIT) and can expedite triage, transport and treatment procedures within an MCI. TACIT was developed by integrating handheld devices, wireless networks, global positioning system (GPS), digital cameras, and bar code scanners with customized triage software. Two MCI initial field trials verified that the TACIT software, battery life, data accuracy, and wireless transmission met the emergency response system requirements. Initial field trials also demonstrated robustness of operation, reduced triage collection time and improved collection accuracy. The TACIT system could work as an efficient prehospital response tool and platform. PMID:16942419

Zhao, Xiaoming; Rafiq, Azhar; Hummel, Russel; Fei, Ding-Yu; Merrell, Ronald C

2006-08-01

274

[P.A.I.S., a personal medical information system. A comprehensive medical knowledge base].  

PubMed

The electronic medical knowledge data base DOPIS is a compliation of knowledge from various special fields of medicine. Using uniform nomenclature, the data are presented on demand as they would be in a book chapter. Concise updates can be performed at low cost. The primary structure of the concept is the division of medical knowledge into data banks on diagnosis, literature, medication and pharmacology, as well as so-called electronic textbooks. All data banks and electronic textbooks are connected associatively. Visual information is obtained via the image data bank connected to the diagnosis data bank and the electronic books. Moreover, DOPIS has an integrated patient findings system, as well as an image processing and archiving system with research values enabling research functions. The diagnosis and literature data banks can be modified by the user or author, or fed with their own data (a so-called Expert System Shell). For authors from special fields working on the project, an extra Medical Electronic Publishing System has been developed and made available for the electronic textbooks. The model for the knowledge data base has been developed in the field of ENT, the programme implemented and initially ENT data have been stored. PMID:8071098

Münch, E

1994-06-01

275

Material Handling Workstation: Operator Manual,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the document is to provide operating instructions for the AMRF Material Handling Workstation (MHWS). The material handling equipment includes Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGV) and an Automatic Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS). The document...

C. E. Wenger

1988-01-01

276

Computer Attitude, and the Impact of Personal Characteristics and Information and Communication Technology Adoption Patterns on Performance of Teaching Faculty in Higher Education in Ghana, West Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined computer attitude, and the impact of personal characteristics and ICT adoption patterns on performance of multidisciplinary teaching faculty in three public universities in Ghana. A cross-sectional research of mixed methods was applied in collecting data and information. Quantitative data from 164 respondents were analyzed…

Larbi-Apau, Josephine A.

2011-01-01

277

[Handling of hereditary intestinal cancer].  

PubMed

Norwegian health care for persons at risk for inherited colorectal cancer is regulated by national legislation on the use of predictive genetic testing and conforms with the international guidelines. This paper from the Norwegian Group on Inherited Cancer, is a consensus between all medical genetic institutions in Norway who handle hereditary colorectal cancer. The recommendations take locally available technology and health care resources into account and are realistic with regard to what can be done within the structure of the Norwegian health service. It gives an update of known genetic syndromes, including colorectal cancer, and indications for remitting patients to genetic examinations. The medical health care is detailed for each genetic group and includes prophylactic surgery and follow-up aimed at early diagnosis and treatment according to international standards. Genetic examinations include a thorough family history verified by medical files for all affected relatives, and comprehensive genetic testing for known syndromes in question. For hereditary colon cancer syndrome (HNPCC), the approach is to screen one tumour in a family member who is an obligate carrier with immunohistochemistry for lack of mismatch gene products, and --if found--proceed to full mutation analysis of the corresponding gene. The clinical geneticists are responsible for coordinating health services to those in need. They also have an obligation to collaborate to present the empirical results of the interventions made. PMID:16915319

Møller, Pål; Stormorken, Astrid; Apold, Jaran

2006-08-10

278

Students' Strategies for Exception Handling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study discusses and presents various strategies employed by novice programmers concerning exception handling. The main contributions of this paper are as follows: we provide an analysis tool to measure the level of assimilation of exception handling mechanism; we present and analyse strategies to handle exceptions; we present and analyse…

Rashkovits, Rami; Lavy, Ilana

2011-01-01

279

Personal(ized) Health Monitoring, Personalization, and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of technology in individual health monitoring is predicted to be widespread in near future healthcare systems and in smart home environments. The term Personalized Health Monitoring (PHM) is proposed for these applications. A framework describing aspects of personalization and personality that are relevant to personalized health monitoring is presented. The framework addresses personal data, adaptability, feedback, and personality. Influence

Dieter Rhode

2011-01-01

280

Use of Computers in Information Handling. Report of the DSE/PADIS Training Workshop (Nairobi, Kenya, April 21-May 2, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop attended by 21 participants from 13 countries was designed to promote the use of computerized information and documentation services in the eastern and southern African subregion, and increase the exchange of experiences of the personnel involved in the field. The full text is provided for the following papers presented at the…

Huttemann, Lutz, Ed.; Inganji, Francis K., Ed.

281

Comparative Analysis of Online Health Queries Originating From Personal Computers and Smart Devices on a Consumer Health Information Portal  

PubMed Central

Background The number of people using the Internet and mobile/smart devices for health information seeking is increasing rapidly. Although the user experience for online health information seeking varies with the device used, for example, smart devices (SDs) like smartphones/tablets versus personal computers (PCs) like desktops/laptops, very few studies have investigated how online health information seeking behavior (OHISB) may differ by device. Objective The objective of this study is to examine differences in OHISB between PCs and SDs through a comparative analysis of large-scale health search queries submitted through Web search engines from both types of devices. Methods Using the Web analytics tool, IBM NetInsight OnDemand, and based on the type of devices used (PCs or SDs), we obtained the most frequent health search queries between June 2011 and May 2013 that were submitted on Web search engines and directed users to the Mayo Clinic’s consumer health information website. We performed analyses on “Queries with considering repetition counts (QwR)” and “Queries without considering repetition counts (QwoR)”. The dataset contains (1) 2.74 million and 3.94 million QwoR, respectively for PCs and SDs, and (2) more than 100 million QwR for both PCs and SDs. We analyzed structural properties of the queries (length of the search queries, usage of query operators and special characters in health queries), types of search queries (keyword-based, wh-questions, yes/no questions), categorization of the queries based on health categories and information mentioned in the queries (gender, age-groups, temporal references), misspellings in the health queries, and the linguistic structure of the health queries. Results Query strings used for health information searching via PCs and SDs differ by almost 50%. The most searched health categories are “Symptoms” (1 in 3 search queries), “Causes”, and “Treatments & Drugs”. The distribution of search queries for different health categories differs with the device used for the search. Health queries tend to be longer and more specific than general search queries. Health queries from SDs are longer and have slightly fewer spelling mistakes than those from PCs. Users specify words related to women and children more often than that of men and any other age group. Most of the health queries are formulated using keywords; the second-most common are wh- and yes/no questions. Users ask more health questions using SDs than PCs. Almost all health queries have at least one noun and health queries from SDs are more descriptive than those from PCs. Conclusions This study is a large-scale comparative analysis of health search queries to understand the effects of device type (PCs vs SDs) used on OHISB. The study indicates that the device used for online health information search plays an important role in shaping how health information searches by consumers and patients are executed.

Jadhav, Ashutosh; Andrews, Donna; Fiksdal, Alexander; Kumbamu, Ashok; McCormick, Jennifer B; Misitano, Andrew; Nelsen, Laurie; Ryu, Euijung; Sheth, Amit; Wu, Stephen

2014-01-01

282

DOE handbook: Tritium handling and safe storage  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Handbook was developed as an educational supplement and reference for operations and maintenance personnel. Most of the tritium publications are written from a radiological protection perspective. This handbook provides more extensive guidance and advice on the null range of tritium operations. This handbook can be used by personnel involved in the full range of tritium handling from receipt to ultimate disposal. Compliance issues are addressed at each stage of handling. This handbook can also be used as a reference for those individuals involved in real time determination of bounding doses resulting from inadvertent tritium releases. This handbook provides useful information for establishing processes and procedures for the receipt, storage, assay, handling, packaging, and shipping of tritium and tritiated wastes. It includes discussions and advice on compliance-based issues and adds insight to those areas that currently possess unclear DOE guidance.

NONE

1999-03-01

283

Spanish personal name variations in national and international biomedical databases: implications for information retrieval and bibliometric studies  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The study sought to investigate how Spanish names are handled by national and international databases and to identify mistakes that can undermine the usefulness of these databases for locating and retrieving works by Spanish authors. Methods: The authors sampled 172 articles published by authors from the University of Granada Medical School between 1987 and 1996 and analyzed the variations in how each of their names was indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), MEDLINE, and Índice Médico Español (IME). The number and types of variants that appeared for each author's name were recorded and compared across databases to identify inconsistencies in indexing practices. We analyzed the relationship between variability (number of variants of an author's name) and productivity (number of items the name was associated with as an author), the consequences for retrieval of information, and the most frequent indexing structures used for Spanish names. Results: The proportion of authors who appeared under more then one name was 48.1% in SCI, 50.7% in MEDLINE, and 69.0% in IME. Productivity correlated directly with variability: more than 50% of the authors listed on five to ten items appeared under more than one name in any given database, and close to 100% of the authors listed on more than ten items appeared under two or more variants. Productivity correlated inversely with retrievability: as the number of variants for a name increased, the number of items retrieved under each variant decreased. For the most highly productive authors, the number of items retrieved under each variant tended toward one. The most frequent indexing methods varied between databases. In MEDLINE and IME, names were indexed correctly as “first surname second surname, first name initial middle name initial” (if present) in 41.7% and 49.5% of the records, respectively. However, in SCI, the most frequent method was “first surname, first name initial second name initial” (48.0% of the records) and first surname and second surname run together, first name initial (18.3%). Conclusions: Retrievability on the basis of author's name was poor in all three databases. Each database uses accurate indexing methods, but these methods fail to result in consistency or coherence for specific entries. The likely causes of inconsistency are: (1) use by authors of variants of their names during their publication careers, (2) lack of authority control in all three databases, (3) the use of an inappropriate indexing method for Spanish names in SCI, (4) authors' inconsistent behaviors, and (5) possible editorial interventions by some journals. We offer some suggestions as to how to avert the proliferation of author name variants in the databases.

Ruiz-Perez, R.; Lopez-Cozar, E. Delgado; Jimenez-Contreras, E.

2002-01-01

284

Dry ash handling system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a dry ash handling system for a combustor, comprising: an ash hopper accepting ash from the combustor and providing a fixed ash height sufficient to allow substantially complete combustion of partially burned objects. The ash hopper includes mixing means for mixing the ash and preventing air channels, and the mixing means comprising an inner wall of the hopper under the combustor angled away from the combustor at a first angle and an outer wall of the hopper angled away from the combustor at a second angle less than the first angle; and ash conveying means, coupled to the bottom of the hopper, for conveying ash away from the hopper at a rate which maintains the fixed ash height.

Liszewski, C.L.; McKeand, D.

1988-10-04

285

Differential Treatment Response for Eating Disordered Patients With and Without a Comorbid Borderline Personality Diagnosis Using a Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)-Informed Approach.  

PubMed

Studies have reported conflicting findings regarding the impact on treatment for eating disorder patients comorbidly diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. The current investigation sought to investigate whether individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder vs. those comorbidly diagnosed with an eating disorder and borderline personality disorder differ on measures of eating disorders symptoms and/or general distress over the course of treatment. In light of the success of DBT in treating individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder, a group known to have considerable difficulties in regulating affect, the current study also sought to examine whether these two groups would differ on expectancies to regulate affect over the course of DBT-informed treatment. Results indicated that while a comorbid diagnosis of borderline personality disorder did not impact eating disorder treatment outcomes, those comorbidly diagnosed did present overall with higher levels of general distress and psychological disturbance. With respect to affect regulation, results indicated that at the beginning of treatment, eating disordered individuals who carried a comorbid diagnosis of BPD were significantly less able to regulate affect than patients without a comorbid borderline diagnosis. However, at the end of treatment there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. The role of affect regulation in treating eating disordered individuals with a comorbid borderline personality disorder diagnosis is discussed. PMID:19391021

Ben-Porath, Denise D; Wisniewski, Lucene; Warren, Mark

2009-01-01

286

Input and Table-Handling Facility for Fortran Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes an input and table-handling facility for Fortran programs. This facility, when incorporated into a Fortran program, allows persons preparing input to Fortran programs to use an easy, natural form. It also allows users to input n-dime...

R. E. Jones

1979-01-01

287

Input and table-handling facility for fortran programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes an input and table-handling facility for Fortran programs. This facility, when incorporated into a Fortran program, allows persons preparing input to Fortran programs to use an easy, natural form. It also allows users to input n-dimensional tables in a flexible manner, and allows the Fortran program to use these tables easily. Complete details are given as to

1979-01-01

288

Emission Control Technology for Two Model Marine Terminals Handling Crude Oil and Gasoline.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents results of a study which developed basic background information on emission control systems for a hypothetical deep water marine terminal handling crude oil and an inland marine terminal handling crude oil and gasoline. The study incl...

D. M. Gammell

1978-01-01

289

Reactions to Positive and Negative Information About the Self as a Function of Certain Personality Characteristics of the Recipient.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present study is designed to investigate a variety of adjustive processes resulting from the receipt of discrepant ratings from a friend concerning a set of personal characteristics known to be important to the subject group. Indices of both affective...

D. C. Van Ostrand

1964-01-01

290

Computer User's Guide to the Protection of Information Resources. NIST Special Publication 500-171.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computers have changed the way information resources are handled. Large amounts of information are stored in one central place and can be accessed from remote locations. Users have a personal responsibility for the security of the system and the data stored in it. This document outlines the user's responsibilities and provides security and control…

Helsing, Cheryl; And Others

291

Remote handling and accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The high-current levels of contemporary and proposed accelerator facilities induce radiation levels into components, requiring consideration be given to maintenance techniques that reduce personnel exposure. Typical components involved include beamstops, targets, collimators, windows, and instrumentation that intercepts the direct beam. Also included are beam extraction, injection, splitting, and kicking regions, as well as purposeful spill areas where beam tails are trimmed and neutral particles are deposited. Scattered beam and secondary particles activate components all along a beamline such as vacuum pipes, magnets, and shielding. Maintenance techniques vary from hands-on to TV-viewed operation using state-of-the-art servomanipulators. Bottom- or side-entry casks are used with thimble-type target and diagnostic assemblies. Long-handled tools are operated from behind shadow shields. Swinging shield doors, unstacking block, and horizontally rolling shield roofs are all used to provide access. Common to all techniques is the need to make operations simple and to provide a means of seeing and reaching the area.

Wilson, M.T.

1983-01-01

292

IC handling robot  

SciTech Connect

Allied Corporation, Bendix Kansas City Division uses many integrated circuits (ICs) which are 100% tested by receiving inspection prior to installation into the next assemblies. Testing includes functional testing followed by a burn-in cycle then additional functional testing. Before an IC can be functionally tested, it must be inserted into a custom plastic carrier which is placed into a metal magazine that fits the functional tester. The ICs are removed from both tester magazines and carriers prior to being placed into connectors mounted on a printed wiring board for burn-in. Then they are removed from the burn-in board and re-inserted into carriers and magazines for additional functional testing. Each device is handled manually a minimum of 12 times before it is accepted. This project established a robotic workcell which automatically prepares a dual in-line packaged (DIP) integrated circuit for several types of inspection operations performed by Receiving Inspection. Specific activities required to accomplish this goal included definition of the work cell, preparation of the robot and other equipment specifications, installation planning, establishment of programming routines and logic, design of operator safeguards, and development of the work cell concept into an operational unit capable of supporting production.

Law, D.O.

1986-09-01

293

Standards for material handling and facilities equipment proofload testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Document provides information on verifying the safety of material handling and facilities equipment /MH/FE/, ranging from monorail systems to ladders and non-powered mobile equipment. Seven catagories of MH/FE equipment are defined.

Bonn, S. P.

1970-01-01

294

How to Handle the Avalanche of Online Documentation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The method of handling the printed documentation associated with online information retrieval, which is described, involves the use of a series of separate but related files: database files, system files, network files, index sheets, and equipment files. (FM)

Nolan, Maureen P.

1981-01-01

295

Computer-Aided Container Handling Assistance for Ergonomic Crane Operation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Efficient container handling system at the ports leads to reduced ship waiting time, increased productivity, cost reduction, and lowered harmful emissions to the environment. Terminal operators use the free flow of information from the ships to streamline...

A. Chaudhari E. Coronado H. G. Yeh P. Marahyong V. Ganji

2012-01-01

296

Comparison between the effect of liothyronine and piracetam on personal information, orientation and mental control in patients under treatment with ECT  

PubMed Central

Objective: The study aimed to compare the effect of liothyronine and piracetam on three subscales of the Wechsler memory test on patients under treatment with ECT. Materials and Methods: In a double blind clinical trial, 60 of 99 patients between 20 and 45 years old, under treatment with ECT were studied in three groups. Patients in the allocation groups received liothyronine, piracetam, or placebo, from the first session of ECT until 1 month after the last session of ECT. Personal information, orientation, and mental control were tested in the participants at first, fourth, and last session of ECT and 1 month after the last session of ECT. Data were analyzed with Repeated measure ANOVA using SPSS 13. Results: There wasn’t any significant difference among three groups in demographic characteristics before the study and number of ECT sessions (P=0.684). After intervention, a significant difference in memory scores was seen in third and fourth assessment sessions (0.002). Orientation subscales showed a significant difference among four assessment sessions (P=0.001). Personal information and mental control never decreased in the liothyronine group. There was no significant difference among three studied groups in personal information, orientation, and mental control (P>0.05). Conclusion: Memory changes due to ECT may be limited to some parts of memory like orientation. More powerful studies for comparison between the effect of liothyronine and placebo are necessary.

Ghafur, Mousavi Seyed; Saadat, Mohammad; Maraci, Mohamad Reza; Bagherian, Reza S.; Mazaheri, Mina

2012-01-01

297

The impact of drywall handling tools on the low back.  

PubMed

Carpenters and other construction workers who install drywall have high rates of strains and sprains to the low back and shoulder. Drywall is heavy and awkward to handle resulting in increased risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate several low-cost coupling tools that have the potential to reduce awkward postures in drywall installers. Five coupling tools were evaluated using the Lumbar Motion Monitor that measures trunk kinematics and predicts probability of low back disorder group membership risk (LBD risk). Workers answered surveys about their comfort while using each tool. The results indicate that use of the 2-person manual lift and the J-handle provide the best reduction in awkward postures, motions, low back sagittal moment, and LBD risk. The two-person manual lift appears to be the safest method of lifting and moving drywall, though using the two-person J-handle also significantly reduces injury risk. Given that carpenters are skeptical about using equipment that can get in the way or get lost, a practical recommendation is promotion of two-person manual lifting. For single-person lifts, the Old Man tool is a viable option to decrease risk of MSDs. PMID:19733834

Hess, Jennifer A; Kincl, Laurel D; Davis, Kermit

2010-03-01

298

Year of the Oceans: Science of Information Handling. [Proceedings of the] Annual Conference of the International Association of Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (10th, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, October 2-5, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International Association of Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) conferences provide a format for libraries and information specialists to discuss common interests and concerns so that services and information can be made available to scientists, administrators, engineers, educators and students in the discipline of marine…

Grundy, R. L., Ed.; Ford, R. T., Ed.

299

Mars Sample Handling Protocol Workshop Series  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the report resulting from the first workshop of the series on development of the criteria for a Mars sample handling protocol. Workshop 1 was held in Bethesda, Maryland on March 20-22, 2000. This report serves to document the proceedings of Workshop 1; it summarizes relevant background information, provides an overview of the deliberations to date, and helps frame issues that will need further attention or resolution in upcoming workshops. Specific recommendations are not part of this report.

Rummel, John D. (Editor); Race, Margaret S. (Editor); Acevedo, Sara (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

300

ADIFOR exception handling  

SciTech Connect

Automatic differentiation uses recurrence relations based on the rules of calculus. Consequently, the results are guaranteed to be correct only in the relevant mathematical assumptions are satisfied at least in a neighborhood of the current argument. Computer programs may violate these conditions by branching or by calling intrinsic functions such as abs, max, sqrt, and asin at point where their derivative is undefined or infinite. The resulting dependence between the program's input and output variables may still be differentiable, because branch vales fit together smoothly or nondifferentiabilities cancel each other out. We have two objectives. First, we would like to assure the user that the function being evaluated is indeed locally differentiable because all intrinsics are evaluated at smooth arguments and none of the branching tests are critical. Second, the derivative program should run even when the assumptions of the chain rule are not strictly satisfied. In this case, the numerical results represent at least generalized derivations under reasonable (but usually unverifiable) regularity assumptions. To achieve these two goals, we must take into account the effects of finite-precision arithmetic. This paper addresses the detection and handling of exceptions. It is an exception in the ADIFOR-generated code to evaluate a function at a point at which the function may not be mathematically differentiable. When an exception is detected by tests written into the ADIFOR-generated code, an error handler is called. The error handler prints an error message (optionally), halts execution (optionally), and returns a value that allows the user's client program to detect that a requested derivative is not available. Code is included for all of the necessary Fortran intrinsic functions and for the error handler.

Bischof, C.; Corliss, G.; Griewank, A.

1992-01-01

301

Survey of manual handling tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to tabulate and summarize the characteristics of typical manual handling tasks (lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling and carrying) performed at 2442 industrial locations in the United States. Analyses of manual handling tasks during a 13yr period were collected and reviewed at the Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety and Health. The components of each manual

Vincent M Ciriello; Stover H Snook

1999-01-01

302

Fluid handling equipment: A compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Devices and techniques used in fluid-handling and vacuum systems are described. Section 1 presents several articles on fluid lines and tubing. Section 2 describes a number of components such as valves, filters, and regulators. The last section contains descriptions of a number of innovative fluid-handling systems.

1976-01-01

303

THE HANDLING OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamentals and the dangers inherent in handling radioactive ; materials are discussed, making particular reference to reactor coolants (gas, ; water, and liquid metals). The danger inherent in handling radioactive ma ; terials lies in the electromagnetic radiation produced when atomic particles ; collide or interact with various substances. Precautions and methods of ; protection from radioactive materials are

Hadrill; H. F. J

1961-01-01

304

Predict Personal Continuous Route  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the daily life, people often repeat regular routes in certain periods. Predicting personal future routes using this information helps to achieve many goals, including improving the quality of intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) and location-based services (LBSs) for individuals. In this paper, a novel system is developed to predict the personal future routes based on the continuous route patterns extracted

Qian Ye; Ling Chen; Gencai Chen

2008-01-01

305

Information Handling Skills, Cognition and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways in which new technologies, including multimedia and the World Wide Web, support and enhance a range of skills associated with deep-level processing and meaningful learning such as metacognition, problem solving, and critical thinking. Argues that these technologies are underestimated in their capacity to facilitate intellectual…

Chambers, Phil

1999-01-01

306

Let me read your mind: Personality judgments based on a person’s natural stream of thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research on the accuracy of personality judgments has largely focused on person perception scenarios that are public in nature (e.g., face-to-face interactions, personal websites). This study investigated the accuracy of personality judgments on the basis of highly private information: a person’s natural stream of thought. Nine naïve judges rated the personality of 90 targets on the basis of their

Shannon E. Holleran; Matthias R. Mehl

2008-01-01

307

Correlating Personal Information Between DoD411, LinkedIn, Facebook, and MySpace with Uncommon Names.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is generally easier to disambiguate people with uncommon names than people with common names; in the extreme case a name can be so uncommon that it is used by only a single person on the planet, and no disambiguation is necessary. This thesis explores ...

K. N. Phillips

2010-01-01

308

Radiation shielding and transport codes and data libraries for personal computers available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nuclear applications, the conversion of mainframe software to the personal computer (PC) environment has seen an accelerated pace. Credit has to be extended to the software companies that have made the scientific language FORTRAN available on PCs. Not to be neglected are the scientists who dedicate their time in the conversion of codes and are challenged by the limited

Kirk

1990-01-01

309

White Paper: Access to Standard Computers, Software, and Information Systems by Persons with Disabilities. Revised, Version 2.0.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on low cost and no cost methods to allow access and use (via specialized interface and display aids) by the disabled of standard unmodified computers and of microcomputer software systems becoming increasingly common in daily life. First, relevant characteristics of persons with movement, sensory, hearing, or cognitive…

Vanderheiden, Gregg C.

310

"Quality Circles": A Strategy for Personal and Curriculum Development. Coombe Lodge Working Paper. Information Bank Number 1803.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality circles attempt to satisfy both task and personal needs through staff involvement in solving work-related problems. This paper summarizes quality circle theory, applies it to school settings, and suggests a framework for introducing the process to educational institutions. After briefly defining quality circles, the article presents two…

Field, M. J.; Harrison, A. B.

311

Handling during neonatal intensive care.  

PubMed Central

The handling received by very low birthweight newborns undergoing intensive care in the first few days of life and the effects of this were studied. Infants were handled an average of 4.3 hours (18%) of the total 24 hour observation time and received a mean 234 handling procedures. Parental handling contributed 35% of the total time but was usually benign except in that it could interfere with the infant's rest. Many procedures were associated with undesirable consequences. Endotracheal suctioning was invariably associated with hypoxaemia and was often carried out more frequently, or took longer, than was optimal. Transcutaneous oxygen monitoring, although considered routine for all intensive care infants, was only carried out for 50% of the observation time and often did not accompany periods of likely intensive handling. Increasing technology in neonatal intensive care often results in increased handling of sick infants. Each new innovation, as well as routine procedures, should be viewed in the light of the continuum of neonatal intensive care events, and handling kept to a minimum.

Murdoch, D R; Darlow, B A

1984-01-01

312

The relation between person identity nodes, familiarity judgment and biographical information. Evidence from two patients with right and left anterior temporal atrophy.  

PubMed

The aim of this study consisted of using neuropsychological data obtained in two patients (VL and StG) showing a selective atrophy of the anterior parts of the right (VL) and left (StG) temporal lobes to check current cognitive models of familiar people identification. According to these models, information coming from modality-specific "face", "voice" and "name" recognition units converge into "Person Identity Nodes" (PINs) where familiarity feelings are generated and which provide a modality-free gateway to a unitary semantic system, where information about people is stored in an amodal format. Data obtained in patient VL (and to a lesser degree in StG) were at variance with this model because VL showed: (1) a very impaired familiarity for faces, contrasting with a spared familiarity for names, indicating that familiarity judgments are generated at the level of modality-specific recognition units and not at a supramodal PIN; (2) a prevalent impairment of person-specific information available from faces rather than from names also for people that (being recognized as familiar from both their face and their name) should be normally represented at the PINs level. This last finding is at variance with the hypothesis assuming that the PINs may provide a modality-free gateway to a unitary semantic system, where information about people is stored in an amodal format. PMID:19836361

Gainotti, Guido; Ferraccioli, Monica; Marra, Camillo

2010-01-11

313

Ash handling facilities for industrial plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most all steam generating plants, whether they be Utility or Industrial facilities, have experienced ash handling problems. These problems exist because major manufacturers and design firms have not been innovative in developing new ash handling techniques. There are many manufacturers that supply bulk materials handling equipment; few are known for ash handling capabilities. The bulk materials handling equipment has been

McMillian R. L

1983-01-01

314

Container Handling and Accessory Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes a method for test and evaluation of handling and accessory equipment for oversized cargo containers. It discusses test planning, preparations for test, inspection, technical performance, beach mobility, logistics-over-the-shore, te...

1978-01-01

315

Handling Whiting Aboard Fishing Vessels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The same fundamental principles for handling fresh fish in general aboard fishing vessels apply to whiting. Following a comprehensive study of the whiting fishing industry for the purpose of improving the quality of landed whiting, recommendations were ma...

J. J. Licciardello

1980-01-01

316

Data Handling and Recording System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Data Handling and Recording System (DHRS) is an image reconnaissance, exploitation system providing automatic target detection/classification, digital storage/processing, and image interpretation/exploitation. The primary purpose of DHRS is to decreas...

P. Merry, D. Dalman

1983-01-01

317

Social and personal normative influences on healthcare professionals to use information technology: Towards a more robust social ergonomics  

PubMed Central

Social structures and processes are increasingly acknowledged and studied within the human factors/ergonomics (HFE) discipline. At the same time, social phenomena are rarely the focus of HFE work, leaving a knowledge gap. The present study directly addresses social and personal normative forces that influence technology use and performance. Social and personal normative influence to use electronic health records (EHR) were investigated using semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 attending physicians at two US hospitals. Analyses used a comprehensive framework based on leading social scientific theories and revealed numerous sources of influence, including hospital administration, colleagues, patients, clinical and professional groups, government, and one’s self. Influence was achieved through different means and invoked different psychological processes. Findings motivate a new view of professionals’ technology use as a highly social process occurring in a social context, with implications for research, policy, design, and in general the development of a robust social ergonomics.

Holden, Richard J

2011-01-01

318

Automatic Face Annotation in Personal Photo Collections Using Context-Based Unsupervised Clustering and Face Information Fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a novel face annotation framework is proposed that systematically leverages context information such as situation awareness information with current face recognition (FR) solutions. In particular, unsupervised situation and subject clustering techniques have been developed that are aided by context information. Situation clustering groups together photos that are similar in terms of capture time and visual content, allowing

Jae Young Choi; Wesley De Neve; Yong Man Ro; Konstantinos N. Plataniotis

2010-01-01

319

In-plant ash-handling reference manual: Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The manual has eight sections focused on the practical aspects of ash-handling systems. These sections present a comprehensive reference for ash-handling systems starting with background information, theory, and basic equipment and moving to day-to-day operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting in later sections. The manual will enable the utility engineer or operator to evaluate components and systems, the experienced engineer to find

M. W. Brown; G. Monahu

1987-01-01

320

Perspective: Balancing Personalized Medicine and Personalized Care  

PubMed Central

The current description of personalized medicine by the National Institutes of Health is “the science of individualized prevention and therapy.” Although physicians are just beginning to see the promise of genetic medicine coming to fruition, the rapid pace of sequencing technology, informatics, and computer science predict a true revolution in the ability to care for patients in the near future. The enthusiasm expressed by researchers is well founded, but the expectations voiced by the public do not center on advancing technology. Rather, patients are asking for personalized care: a holistic approach that considers an individual’s physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. This perspective considers psychological, religious, and ethical challenges that may arise as the precision of preventive medicine improves. Psychological studies already highlight the barriers to single gene testing and suggest significant barriers to the predictive testing envisioned by personalized medicine. Certain religious groups will likely mount opposition if they believe personalized medicine encourages embryo selection. If the technology prompts cost-containment discussions, those concerned about the sanctity of life may raise ethical objections. Consequently, the availability of new scientific developments does not guarantee advances in treatment because patients may prove unwilling to receive and act upon personalized genetic information. This perspective highlights current efforts to incorporate personalized medicine and personalized care into the medical curriculum, genetic counseling, and other aspects of clinical practice. As these efforts are generally independent, the authors offer recommendations for physicians and educators so that personalized medicine can be implemented in a manner that meets patient expectations for personalized care.

Cornetta, Kenneth; Brown, Candy Gunther

2013-01-01

321

Regional Accounts Data: Local Area Personal Income  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Regional Economic Information System (REIS), from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (formerly offered by Oregon State University's Government Information Sharing Project), presents estimates of personal income and per capita personal income. This update includes figures from 1995.

1997-01-01

322

Applying social network analysis on customer complaint handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to examine existing information flows formally and informally within a customer complaint handling process, and to identify possible improvement areas to strengthen the effectiveness of this process in the workplace. These objectives are derived from the fact more than 80 percent of complaints have taken longer than the targeted timeframe during the past two years

Agnieszka Sitko-Lutek; Supakij Chuancharoen; Arkhom Sukpitikul; Kongkiti Phusavat

2010-01-01

323

Stable nematic droplets with handles  

PubMed Central

We stabilize nematic droplets with handles against surface tension-driven instabilities, using a yield-stress material as outer fluid, and study the complex nematic textures and defect structures that result from the competition between topological constraints and the elasticity of the nematic liquid crystal. We uncover a surprisingly persistent twisted configuration of the nematic director inside the droplets when tangential anchoring is established at their boundaries, which we explain after considering the influence of saddle splay on the elastic free energy. For toroidal droplets, we find that the saddle-splay energy screens the twisting energy, resulting in a spontaneous breaking of mirror symmetry; the chiral twisted state persists for aspect ratios as large as ?20. For droplets with additional handles, we observe in experiments and computer simulations that there are two additional ?1 surface defects per handle; these are located in regions with local saddle geometry to minimize the nematic distortions and hence the corresponding elastic free energy.

Pairam, Ekapop; Vallamkondu, Jayalakshmi; Koning, Vinzenz; van Zuiden, Benjamin C.; Ellis, Perry W.; Bates, Martin A.; Vitelli, Vincenzo; Fernandez-Nieves, Alberto

2013-01-01

324

TNO reticle handling test platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Particle free handling of EUV reticles is a major concern in industry. For reaching economically feasible yield levels, it is reported that Particle-per-Reticle-Pass (PRP) levels should be better than 0.0001 for particles larger than 18 nm. Such cleanliness levels are yet to be reported for current reticle handling systems. A reticle handler was built based on a modular concept with three uniform linked base frames. In the first stage of the project a dual pod loading unit, two exchange units for opening inner pods and a reticle flip unit are installed on the base frames. In the near future improvements on cleanliness will be tested and particle detection equipment will be integrated. The system will act as a testing platform for clean handling technology for industry.

Crowcombe, W. E.; Hollemans, C. L.; Fritz, E. C.; van der Donck, J. C. J.; Koster, N. B.

2014-04-01

325

Personal Digital Assistants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal digital assistant sales are growing exponentially, and as medical technology advances the amount of information available becomes staggering, making a handheld device, with the ability to store a great amount of information, progressively more valuable to health care providers. Mobile computing allows for a great deal of knowledge in a small package, creating a “walking library” with a mobile

Richard H. Wiggins III

2004-01-01

326

WASTE HANDLING BUILDING SHIELD WALL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this analysis is to estimate the shielding wall, ceiling or equivalent door thicknesses that will be required in the Waste Handling Building to maintain the radiation doses to personnel within acceptable limits. The shielding thickness calculated is the minimum required to meet administrative limits, and not necessarily what will be recommended for the final design. The preliminary evaluations will identify the areas which have the greatest impact on mechanical and facility design concepts. The objective is to provide the design teams with the necessary information to assure an efficient and effective design.

D. Padula

2000-01-13

327

Alternative Methods for Handling Attrition  

PubMed Central

Using data from the evaluation of the Fast Track intervention, this article illustrates three methods for handling attrition. Multiple imputation and ignorable maximum likelihood estimation produce estimates that are similar to those based on listwise-deleted data. A panel selection model that allows for selective dropout reveals that highly aggressive boys accumulate in the treatment group over time and produces a larger estimate of treatment effect. In contrast, this model produces a smaller treatment effect for girls. The article's conclusion discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the alternative approaches and outlines ways in which researchers might improve their handling of attrition.

Foster, E. Michael; Fang, Grace Y.

2009-01-01

328

Hey Buddy can you spare a DNA? New surveillance technologies and the growth of mandatory volunteerism in collecting personal information.  

PubMed

The new social surveillance can be defined as scrutiny through the use of technical means to extract or create personal or group data, whether from individuals or contexts. Examples include: video cameras; computer matching, profiling and data mining; work, computer and electronic location monitoring; biometrics; DNA analysis; drug tests; brain scans for lie detection; various forms of imaging to reveal what is behind walls and enclosures. There are two problems with the new surveillance technologies. One is that they don't work and the other is that they work too well. If the first, they fail to prevent disasters, bring miscarriages of justice, and waste resources. If the second, they can further inequality and invidious social categorization; they chill liberty. These twin threats are part of the enduring paradox of democratic government that must be strong enough to maintain reasonable order, but not so strong as to become undemocratic. PMID:17536149

Marx, Gary T

2007-01-01

329

76 FR 2755 - Proposed Information Collection (Statement of Person Claiming To Have Stood in Relation of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2011-01-14

330

76 FR 30150 - Establishment of a New System of Records for Personal Information Collected by the Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Environmental Protection Agency's Light Duty In-Use Vehicle Testing Program AGENCY...information (PII) collected from owners of light-duty vehicles who volunteer to participate in EPA's Light-Duty In-Use Vehicle Testing...

2011-05-24

331

Code AI Personal Web Pages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

332

Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine Sequencing for Genomic Typing of Neisseria meningitidis for Rapid Determination of Multiple Layers of Typing Information  

PubMed Central

Neisseria meningitidis causes invasive meningococcal disease in infants, toddlers, and adolescents worldwide. DNA sequence-based typing, including multilocus sequence typing, analysis of genetic determinants of antibiotic resistance, and sequence typing of vaccine antigens, has become the standard for molecular epidemiology of the organism. However, PCR of multiple targets and consecutive Sanger sequencing provide logistic constraints to reference laboratories. Taking advantage of the recent development of benchtop next-generation sequencers (NGSs) and of BIGSdb, a database accommodating and analyzing genome sequence data, we therefore explored the feasibility and accuracy of Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) sequencing for genomic typing of meningococci. Three strains from a previous meningococcus serogroup B community outbreak were selected to compare conventional typing results with data generated by semiconductor chip-based sequencing. In addition, sequencing of the meningococcal type strain MC58 provided information about the general performance of the technology. The PGM technology generated sequence information for all target genes addressed. The results were 100% concordant with conventional typing results, with no further editing being necessary. In addition, the amount of typing information, i.e., nucleotides and target genes analyzed, could be substantially increased by the combined use of genome sequencing and BIGSdb compared to conventional methods. In the near future, affordable and fast benchtop NGS machines like the PGM might enable reference laboratories to switch to genomic typing on a routine basis. This will reduce workloads and rapidly provide information for laboratory surveillance, outbreak investigation, assessment of vaccine preventability, and antibiotic resistance gene monitoring.

Szczepanowski, Rafael; Claus, Heike; Junemann, Sebastian; Prior, Karola; Harmsen, Dag

2012-01-01

333

Ion torrent personal genome machine sequencing for genomic typing of Neisseria meningitidis for rapid determination of multiple layers of typing information.  

PubMed

Neisseria meningitidis causes invasive meningococcal disease in infants, toddlers, and adolescents worldwide. DNA sequence-based typing, including multilocus sequence typing, analysis of genetic determinants of antibiotic resistance, and sequence typing of vaccine antigens, has become the standard for molecular epidemiology of the organism. However, PCR of multiple targets and consecutive Sanger sequencing provide logistic constraints to reference laboratories. Taking advantage of the recent development of benchtop next-generation sequencers (NGSs) and of BIGSdb, a database accommodating and analyzing genome sequence data, we therefore explored the feasibility and accuracy of Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM) sequencing for genomic typing of meningococci. Three strains from a previous meningococcus serogroup B community outbreak were selected to compare conventional typing results with data generated by semiconductor chip-based sequencing. In addition, sequencing of the meningococcal type strain MC58 provided information about the general performance of the technology. The PGM technology generated sequence information for all target genes addressed. The results were 100% concordant with conventional typing results, with no further editing being necessary. In addition, the amount of typing information, i.e., nucleotides and target genes analyzed, could be substantially increased by the combined use of genome sequencing and BIGSdb compared to conventional methods. In the near future, affordable and fast benchtop NGS machines like the PGM might enable reference laboratories to switch to genomic typing on a routine basis. This will reduce workloads and rapidly provide information for laboratory surveillance, outbreak investigation, assessment of vaccine preventability, and antibiotic resistance gene monitoring. PMID:22461678

Vogel, Ulrich; Szczepanowski, Rafael; Claus, Heike; Jünemann, Sebastian; Prior, Karola; Harmsen, Dag

2012-06-01

334

Ash handling, storage, and utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current power plant practices are increasing the amount of ash production. Therefore, utilization and storage of this byproduct become more important. An overview is presented of various techniques for the handling, utilization, and storage of ash generated by large utility coal-fired generating stations in sizes of 600 MW and above.

Loftus

1976-01-01

335

Portable vacuum object handling device  

DOEpatents

The disclosure relates to a portable device adapted to handle objects which are not to be touched by hand. A piston and bore wall form a vacuum chamber communicating with an adaptor sealably engageable with an object to be lifted. The piston is manually moved and set to establish vacuum. A valve is manually actuable to apply the vacuum to lift the object.

Anderson, G.H.

1981-07-30

336

HUX: Handling Updates in XML  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate HUX (Handling Updates in XML) which provides a reliable and efficient solution for the XML view update prob- lem. Given an update over an XML view, our U-Filter subsytem first determines whether the update is translatable or not by exam- ining potential conflicts in both schema and data. If an update is determined to be translatable, our U-Translator

Ling Wang; Elke A. Rundensteiner; Murali Mani; Ming Jiang

2006-01-01

337

[Hygienic handling in cardiac surgery].  

PubMed

Some points regarding the hygienic handling in cardiac surgery are mentioned. The sternal infection or mediastinitis is still one of the most important complications after cardiac operation especially when ITA is used for CABG. After we paid much attention to these points, the postoperative sternal infection has decreased obviously. PMID:8468855

Shimasaki, T; Masaoka, T; Hirooka, S; Abe, H; Watanabe, T; Washio, M

1993-04-01

338

Expert Systems and Document Handling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes significant attributes of expert systems, contrasts them to conventional computer systems, and provides an overview of the R1 expert system used by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) to put together operational systems that meet customers' requirements. Document handling, particularly pictures and images in documents, is also briefly…

Edmonds, Ernest

1987-01-01

339

Venomous Snake Restraint and Handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Venomous snakes may be maintained as captive animals and are commonly exhibited in both zoos and private zoological collections. Veterinarians who treat reptile species may be asked to provide medical care to venomous snakes. The addition of venomous snakes to the practice can be exciting and rewarding. Training and experience handling venomous snakes are required before treating these animals in

Brad Lock

2008-01-01

340

Non-contact handling device  

DOEpatents

A pressurized fluid handling nozzle has a body with a first end and a second end, a fluid conduit and a recess at the second end. The first end is configured for connection to a pressurized fluid source. The fluid conduit has an inlet at the first end and an outlet at the recess. The nozzle uses the Bernoulli effect for lifting a part.

Reece, Mark (Albuquerque, NM); Knorovsky, Gerald A. (Albuquerque, NM); MacCallum, Danny O. (Edgewood, NM)

2007-05-15

341

Remote handling systems for ITER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirement to reduce the investment cost for ITER as compared with the 1998 ITER design, has led to a reduction in the size of the ITER machine and a number of design changes which have an impact on the remote maintenance of ITER Major components to be considered for remote handling (RH) include the divertor cassettes, shield blanket modules,

T Honda; Y Hattori; C Holloway; E Martin; Y Matsumoto; T Matsunobu; T Suzuki; A Tesini; V Baulo; R Haange; J Palmer; K Shibanuma

2002-01-01

342

Personal Protective Equipment for Health Care Workers Who Work with Hazardous Drugs  

MedlinePLUS

... October 2008 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2009-106 Personal Protective Equipment for Health Care Workers Who Work with Hazardous ... reproductive disorders. NIOSH recommends that employers provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect workers who handle hazardous drugs ...

343

Permanence of the information given during oncogenetic counseling to persons at familial risk of breast/ovarian and/or colon cancer  

PubMed Central

How long counselees retain the information given during their genetic consultation is of major importance. To address this issue, we conducted a survey among the 3500 families that have been offered genetic counseling at our Center since 1988. In August 2007, we mailed a questionnaire to a representative subset of 579 persons belonging to breast/ovarian or colon cancer families seen in the last 10 years, either carrying an identified mutation or not. Targeted topics included the meaning of hereditary predisposition, the medical prevention related to the familial risk, the steps to undertake for a new family member to enter the genetic testing program and general knowledge of hereditary predisposition to cancer. A total of 91 randomized non-respondents were sent a second, more inciting letter, in order to assess any non-response bias. Overall, 337 questionnaires were collected: response rate was 58%. Standardized average knowledge was 7.28±1.52 of 10. Scores were lowest concerning medical prevention. The level of knowledge decreased with age (P<10?6), but increased with educational level (P<10?5) and mutation status (P=0.01). Surprisingly, no erosion of patients' knowledge over the time was observed (P=0.41). Among persons at hereditary risk of colon cancer, the level of knowledge tended to improve with time, in contrast to the breast/ovarian group (P=0.017). Among persons with a familial risk of breast/ovarian or colon cancer, a renewal of oncogenetic counseling does not seem necessary to maintain the level of specific knowledge. Measures to help patients follow their medical prevention, as organizing or checking their medical examinations, seem indicated.

Kwiatkowski, Fabrice; Dessenne, Pascal; Laquet, Claire; Petit, Marie-Francoise; Bignon, Yves-Jean

2012-01-01

344

AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Information and Procedural Guidelines for Providing Services to Persons with AIDS/HTLV-III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents information about the disease, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and guidelines for service delivery to Montana residents who have been diagnosed with AIDS or related disorders. The first section describes the disease's causes, symptoms, and transmission; risk factors; high-risk populations; prevention suggestions;…

Montana State Dept. of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena.

345

Rethinking the use of personal history information: The value of theory-based biodata for predicting turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues the case for the use of theoretically-grounded biodata information as valid predictors of employee behavior and outlines a procedure for the use of biodata variables with relatively small samples. The usefulness of this approach was demonstrated in a study assessing the ability of theory-based biodata items to predict the turnover of bank tellers. The results of this

James A. Breaugh; Dennis L. Dossett

1989-01-01

346

78 FR 40311 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Implementation of the Housing for Older Persons...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

HUD has submitted the proposed information collection requirement described below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act. The purpose of this notice is to allow for an additional 30 days of public...

2013-07-03

347

Data Stewardship: Managing Personally Identifiable Information in Electronic Student Education Records. SLDS Technical Brief 2. NCES 2011-602  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growth of electronic student data in America's education system has focused attention on the ways these data are collected, processed, stored, and used. The use of records in Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems to follow the progress of individual students over time requires maintaining student education records that include information that…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

2010-01-01

348

Establishing a person-centred framework of self-identity after traumatic brain injury: a grounded theory study to inform measure development  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop a theoretically sound, client-derived framework to underpin development of a measure reflecting the impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on a person's self-identity. Design Grounded theory, based on transcription of audio recordings from focus group meetings with people who have experienced TBI, analysed with constant comparative methods. Setting 8 different urban and rural communities in New Zealand. Participants 49 people (34 men, 15 women), 6?months to 36?years after mild-to-severe TBI. Results The central concept emerging from the data was that of desiring to be or having lost a sense of being an integrated and valued person. The three main subthemes were: (1) having a coherent, satisfying and complete sense of oneself, (2) respect, validation and acceptance by others and (3) having a valued place in the world. Conclusions This study reinforces the notion that change in self-identity is an important aspect of life after TBI, and provides information on what this concept means to people with TBI. In order to scientifically evaluate relationships between self-identity and other aspects of health (eg, depression, quality of life), and to test the effect of interventions to address problems with self-identity after TBI, a quantitative tool for evaluation of this construct is required. Themes from this research provide a foundation for the development of a measure of self-identity grounded in the language and experience of people with TBI.

Levack, William M M; Boland, Pauline; Taylor, William J; Siegert, Richard J; Kayes, Nicola M; Fadyl, Joanna K; McPherson, Kathryn M

2014-01-01

349

Online friends, offline loved ones, and full-time media: young adult "mass personal" use of communication resources for informational and emotional support.  

PubMed

As Web 2.0 technologies proliferate, patient education is changing dramatically. Information about prevention and survivorship arrives from a mix of sources. The present manuscript describes a study to shed light on how young adults (YAs) affected by cancer manage the digital world. Our investigation was guided by a research question asking how young adults affected by cancer engage in communication work in an environment of mass personal communication. The sample for this research consisted of 500 posts comprising 50 complete threads from an online support community for young adults affected by cancer. Threads were purposively sampled in a multi-stage process. Researchers used constant comparison to define themes, examining text in increments. Individuals harnessed assets of various communication tools for the purposes of message preparation and credibility checking. YAs demonstrated the multi-channel way they move between channels for different purposes, driven by preparation for future interactions. The result is a process that allows co-creation of knowledge in a trusted community. Findings indicate that completing communication work through multiple channels in a deliberate and savvy way is normal for YAs, particularly for message preparation and credibility checking. The multidirectional nature of digital tools plays an important role for YAs, as interactive resources appear to be the first or second stop for information after key events in the cancer trajectory. Results from this study are important as guidance to help manage the volume and depth of information common to the cancer experience in the Web 2.0 world. PMID:24234166

Love, Brad; Donovan, Erin E

2014-06-01

350

49 CFR 176.108 - Supervision of Class 1 (explosive) materials during loading, unloading, handling and stowage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(a) During the loading, unloading, handling and stowage of Class 1 (explosive) materials, a responsible person shall be in constant attendance during the entire operation to direct the loading, unloading, handling and stowage of Class 1 (explosive) materials, including the preparation of the...

2010-10-01

351

Personalized healthcare through intelligent gadgets.  

PubMed

An intelligent gadget is a wearable platform which is reconfigurable, scalable, and component-based and which can be equipped, carried as a personal accessory, or in a certain case, implanted internally into a body. Various kinds of personal information can be gathered with intelligent gadgets, and that information is used to provide specially personalized services to people in the ubiquitous computing environment. In this paper, we show a personalized healthcare service through intelligent gadgets. A service based on intelligent gadgets can be built intuitively and easily with a context representation language, called the intelligent gadget markup language (IGML) based on the event-condition-action (ECA) rule. The inherent nature of extensibility, not only environmental information but also physiological information can be specified as a context in IGML and can be dealt with an intelligent gadget with ease. It enables intelligent gadgets to be adopted to many different kinds of personalized healthcare services. PMID:19163415

Jang, Hyeju; Kim, Sanghyun; Bae, Changseok

2008-01-01

352

Careful handling extends ESP life  

SciTech Connect

Many articles and papers cover the sizing and application of electrical submersible pumps, but too few call attention to the critical areas of: Well preparation; Equipment handling; Installation; Start up; Operation; Removal and storage. Failure to follow recommended practices in any of these areas can lead to premature pump failure and unnecessary waste of money on well servicing. This short article suggests good practice in the field, once the design engineering for proper size and applications is complete.

Riling, G.

1986-07-01

353

Uranium hexafluoride: A manual of good handling practices. Revision 7  

SciTech Connect

The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) is continuing the policy of the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies in sharing with the nuclear industry their experience in the area of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) shipping containers and handling procedures. The USEC has reviewed Revision 6 or ORO-651 and is issuing this new edition to assure that the document includes the most recent information on UF{sub 6} handling procedures and reflects the policies of the USEC. This manual updates the material contained in earlier issues. It covers the essential aspects of UF{sub 6} handling, cylinder filling and emptying, general principles of weighing and sampling, shipping, and the use of protective overpacks. The physical and chemical properties of UF{sub 6} are also described. The procedures and systems described for safe handling of UF{sub 6} presented in this document have been developed and evaluated during more than 40 years of handling vast quantities of UF{sub 6}. With proper consideration for its nuclear properties, UF{sub 6} may be safely handled in essentially the same manner as any other corrosive and/or toxic chemical.

NONE

1995-01-01

354

Information management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Primary Flight Display (PFD) information management and cockpit display of information management research is presented in viewgraph form. The information management problem in the cockpit, information management burdens, the key characteristics of an information manager, the interface management system handling the flow of information and the dialogs between the system and the pilot, and overall system architecture are covered.

Ricks, Wendell; Corker, Kevin

1990-01-01

355

Orion Entry Handling Qualities Assessments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Orion Command Module (CM) is a capsule designed to bring crew back from the International Space Station (ISS), the moon and beyond. The atmospheric entry portion of the flight is deigned to be flown in autopilot mode for nominal situations. However, there exists the possibility for the crew to take over manual control in off-nominal situations. In these instances, the spacecraft must meet specific handling qualities criteria. To address these criteria two separate assessments of the Orion CM s entry Handling Qualities (HQ) were conducted at NASA s Johnson Space Center (JSC) using the Cooper-Harper scale (Cooper & Harper, 1969). These assessments were conducted in the summers of 2008 and 2010 using the Advanced NASA Technology Architecture for Exploration Studies (ANTARES) six degree of freedom, high fidelity Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GN&C) simulation. This paper will address the specifics of the handling qualities criteria, the vehicle configuration, the scenarios flown, the simulation background and setup, crew interfaces and displays, piloting techniques, ratings and crew comments, pre- and post-fight briefings, lessons learned and changes made to improve the overall system performance. The data collection tools, methods, data reduction and output reports will also be discussed. The objective of the 2008 entry HQ assessment was to evaluate the handling qualities of the CM during a lunar skip return. A lunar skip entry case was selected because it was considered the most demanding of all bank control scenarios. Even though skip entry is not planned to be flown manually, it was hypothesized that if a pilot could fly the harder skip entry case, then they could also fly a simpler loads managed or ballistic (constant bank rate command) entry scenario. In addition, with the evaluation set-up of multiple tasks within the entry case, handling qualities ratings collected in the evaluation could be used to assess other scenarios such as the constant bank angle maintenance case. The 2008 entry assessment was divided into two sections (see Figure 1). Entry I was the first, high speed portion of a lunar return and Entry II was the second, lower speed portion of a lunar return, which is similar (but not identical) to a typical ISS return.

Bihari, B.; Tiggers, M.; Strahan, A.; Gonzalez, R.; Sullivan, K.; Stephens, J. P.; Hart, J.; Law, H., III; Bilimoria, K.; Bailey, R.

2011-01-01

356

Mothers' beliefs, social comparisons and self-reported childrearing behaviour: A content analysis of non-descriptive information in free descriptions of children's personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study analyses free descriptions that mothers made of their child's personality. 210 descriptions of 3- and 9-year-old children were collected and analysed with respect to the five-factor model of personality. According to a first content analysis frame, personality descriptors, mainly trait adjectives and behavioural descriptors, have been coded with respect to the five factors of personality. Although mothers

Christiane Vandenplas-Holper; Isabelle Roskam; Laurence Pirot

2006-01-01

357

Personalized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the six basic elements of personalized instruction: The dual teacher role (coach and advisor), diagnosing student learning characteristics, a culture of collegiality, interactive learning environments, flexible scheduling and pacing, and authentic assessment. (Contains 23 references.) (PKP)

Keefe, James W.; Jenkins, John M.

2002-01-01

358

Haptics using a smart material for eyes-free interaction in personal devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present a prototype using a dry ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) in interactive personal devices such as bracelet, necklace, pocket key chain or mobile devices for haptic interaction when audio or visual feedback is not possible or practical. This prototype interface is an electro-mechanical system that realizes a shape-changing haptic display for information communication. A dry IPMC will change its dimensions due to the electrostatic effect when an electrical potential is provided to them. The IPMC can operate at a lower voltage (less than 2.5V) which is compatible with requirements for personal electrical devices or mobile devices. The prototype consists of the addressable arrays of the IPMCs with different dimensions which are deformable to different shapes with proper handling or customization. 3D printing technology will be used to form supporting parts. Microcontrollers (about 3cm square) from DigiKey will be imbedded into this personal device. An Android based mobile APP will be developed to talk with microcontrollers to control IPMCs. When personal devices receive information signals, the original shape of the prototype will change to another shape related to the specific sender or types of information sources. This interactive prototype can simultaneously realize multiple methods for conveying haptic information such as dimension, force, and texture due to the flexible array design. We conduct several studies of user experience to explore how users' respond to shape change information.

Wang, Huihui; Lane, William Brian; Pappas, Devin; Duque, Bryam; Leong, John

2014-03-01

359

Enclosure for Handling High Activity Materials Abstract.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most important problems that are met at the laboratories producing and handling radioisotopes is that of designing, building and operating enclosures suitable for the safe handling of active substances. With that purpose in mind, an enclosure h...

F. Jimeno de Osso G. Dominguez Rodriguez F. de las Cruz Castillo A. Rodriguez Esteban

1977-01-01

360

Waste preparation, handling and storage trials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarises the demonstration scheme projects and assesses the preparation, handling and storage equipment utilised. It goes on to discuss the range of size reduction, densification, separation, handling and storage equipment currently availabl...

D. Evans G. Hand

1992-01-01

361

ITER cryopump handling study preliminary report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scope of this study was to develop a remote handling concept for the primary vacuum pumping system by performing the following tasks: review the cryopump duct configuration and remote handling requirements for cryopump replacement; initiate an ITER Cr...

T. Haines

1996-01-01

362

Equipment for the Handling of Thorium Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC) is the United States Department of Energy's storage facility for thorium. FMPC thorium handling and overpacking projects ensure the continued safe handling and storge of the thorium inventory until final disposi...

S. W. Heisler G. S. Mihalovich

1988-01-01

363

Protecting personal privacy on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid advance of technology has permitted the creation of vast amounts of information, both on and off the Internet. The public is only just beginning to realize how this information, especially personal information, may be used in ways that may not be acceptable. Laws across different countries are often conflicting, making it difficult to control how personal information is

S. E. Kruck; Danny Gottovi; Farideh Moghadami; Ralph Broom; Karen A. Forcht

2002-01-01

364

Dual Source Mass Spectrometer and Sample Handling System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present details of a miniature integrated time-of-flight mass spectrometer and sample handling system under development to address some of the needs for in situ sample analysis on landed missions. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Brinckerhoff, W. B.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Cornish, T. J.; Cheng, A. F.; Niemann, H. B.; Harpold, D. N.; Gorevan, S. P.; Rafeek, S.; Yucht, D.

2002-01-01

365

Design Package for Fuel Retrieval System Fuel Handling Tool Modification  

SciTech Connect

This is a design package that contains the details for a modification to a tool used for moving fuel elements during loading of MCO Fuel Baskets for the Fuel Retrieval System. The tool is called the fuel handling tool (or stinger). This document contains requirements, development design information, tests, and test reports.

TEDESCHI, D.J.

2000-03-27

366

Virtual-memory tiling for spatial data handling in GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual-memory tiling enables applications efficiently to handle much larger arrays of raster spatial data more efficiently than is otherwise possible, without requiring specialist computing resources. It has particular application to geographical information systems (GIS) given the wide availability of large sets of digital raster spatial data from remote sensing and other sources. The size of these data sets often greatly

J. E. McCormack; J. Hogg

1997-01-01

367

Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide recommends procedures for safe handling and disposal of hazardous substances, along with broad recommendations for developing comprehensive laboratory safety programs. Although specific information is provided, general principles which can be adapted to activities in any laboratory are emphasized. Section 1 focuses on procedures for…

National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

368

33 CFR 154.1047 - Response plan development and evaluation criteria for facilities that handle, store, or transport...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...handle, store, or transport Group V petroleum oils. 154.1047 Section 154.1047...handle, store, or transport Group V petroleum oils. (a) An owner or operator...handles, stores, or transports Group V petroleum oils must provide information in his...

2013-07-01

369

Proceedings: Coal-handling systems, 1989  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal Handling Systems: The State of the Future, and EPRI conference held in Pensacola, Florida, January 24--27, 1989, featured technical papers on laboratory techniques for measuring the handling properties of coal and new technologies in coal handling, blending, pelletizing, and dewatering. During the conference, representatives from utilities, coal companies, chemical companies, equipment manufacturers, government, and universities discussed their experiences with

1990-01-01

370

Getting a Handle on Variation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an article explaining about variation in a population in general, using height as a specific example. The article is designed to help students and teachers think about the nature of various determinants underlying biological variation.Variation in height is easily observed and measured by learners, and quantifying height observations over time is a rich context for all ages to make key mathematics and science connections."Fast Plants, rapid cycling Brassica rapa are ideally suited for getting a handle on variation."

Program, The W.

371

How to Handle Radioisotopes Safely.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is one in a series of instructional aids designed for use by elementary and secondary school science teachers. The various units and forms of radioactive materials used by teachers are first considered. Then, the quantities of radioisotopes that a person may possess without a license from the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) are…

Sulcoski, John W.

372

On the pyrophoricity, safety, and handling of metalorganic chemicals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The high demand for optoelectronic and electronic devices is driving metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes towards higher throughput and shorter production cycles. This in turn has driven production facilities to use larger cylinders and bulk delivery systems for the metalorganics (MOs) that are used in these growth processes. The use of "bulk" quantities of pyrophoric MOs has raised several safety and handling questions. In this paper, we show the level of protection provided by various kinds of personal protective equipment when exposed to these chemicals. We also examine several scenarios for MO exposure from a conventional MO cylinder (bubbler) and discuss how to handle these incidents in a safe manner. Finally, we examine the toxicity of TMGa, by doing an inhalation study on rats and monitoring the resulting effects on their bodies and general health; to our knowledge this is the first study ever completed which measures the toxicity of a pyrophoric material.

Andre, C. L.; Bisinger, E.; El-Zein, N.; Luttmer, A.; Van Mierlo, M. J. A.; Wissink, H. G.

2007-01-01

373

Personalized ophthalmology.  

PubMed

Ophthalmology has been an early adopter of personalized medicine. Drawing on genomic advances to improve molecular diagnosis, such as next-generation sequencing, and basic and translational research to develop novel therapies, application of genetic technologies in ophthalmology now heralds development of gene replacement therapies for some inherited monogenic eye diseases. It also promises to alter prediction, diagnosis and management of the complex disease age-related macular degeneration. Personalized ophthalmology is underpinned by an understanding of the molecular basis of eye disease. Two important areas of focus are required for adoption of personalized approaches: disease stratification and individualization. Disease stratification relies on phenotypic and genetic assessment leading to molecular diagnosis; individualization encompasses all aspects of patient management from optimized genetic counseling and conventional therapies to trials of novel DNA-based therapies. This review discusses the clinical implications of these twin strategies. Advantages and implications of genetic testing for patients with inherited eye diseases, choice of molecular diagnostic modality, drivers for adoption of personalized ophthalmology, service planning implications, ethical considerations and future challenges are considered. Indeed, whilst many difficulties remain, personalized ophthalmology truly has the potential to revolutionize the specialty. PMID:24665880

Porter, L F; Black, G C M

2014-07-01

374

Overview on Hydrate Coring, Handling and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are crystalline, ice-like compounds of gas and water molecules that are formed under certain thermodynamic conditions. Hydrate deposits occur naturally within ocean sediments just below the sea floor at temperatures and pressures existing below about 500 meters water depth. Gas hydrate is also stable in conjunction with the permafrost in the Arctic. Most marine gas hydrate is formed of microbially generated gas. It binds huge amounts of methane into the sediments. Worldwide, gas hydrate is estimated to hold about 1016 kg of organic carbon in the form of methane (Kvenvolden et al., 1993). Gas hydrate is one of the fossil fuel resources that is yet untapped, but may play a major role in meeting the energy challenge of this century. In June 2002, Westport Technology Center was requested by the Department of Energy (DOE) to prepare a ''Best Practices Manual on Gas Hydrate Coring, Handling and Analysis'' under Award No. DE-FC26-02NT41327. The scope of the task was specifically targeted for coring sediments with hydrates in Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) and from the present Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) drillship. The specific subjects under this scope were defined in 3 stages as follows: Stage 1: Collect information on coring sediments with hydrates, core handling, core preservation, sample transportation, analysis of the core, and long term preservation. Stage 2: Provide copies of the first draft to a list of experts and stakeholders designated by DOE. Stage 3: Produce a second draft of the manual with benefit of input from external review for delivery. The manual provides an overview of existing information available in the published literature and reports on coring, analysis, preservation and transport of gas hydrates for laboratory analysis as of June 2003. The manual was delivered as draft version 3 to the DOE Project Manager for distribution in July 2003. This Final Report is provided for records purposes.

Jon Burger; Deepak Gupta; Patrick Jacobs; John Shillinglaw

2003-06-30

375

Remote Handling System for Ignitor^*  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since access in Ignitor is through the limited width of the equatorial ports, the use of remote handling (RH) technology for any in-vessel intervention is required, even before the vessel becomes activated. In particular, the first wall of Ignitor, which is made of TZM (Molybdenum) tiles mounted on Inconel tile-carriers covering the entire plasma chamber, has been designed to be installed and replaced entirely by the RH system. The presence of radiation screens inside the cryostat and around the ports ensure a sufficiently low level of activation around the machine to avoid the need of ex-vessel RH techniques. The in-vessel RH system is based on two transporters carrying an articulated boom with end-effectors, supported by a movable structure over a transport system that can be lifted and set in position adjacent to two opposite horizontal ports. The design of the in-vessel RH system, of the boom and its enclosure, and of the most significant end-effectors (welding and cutting tools, and tools for the removal and handling of tile carriers) has been completed. A series of other dedicated tools for installation and maintainances of diagnostics components, of the RF antennas, vacuum cleaners, tools for general inspection and metrology are included in the design. ^*Sponsored in part by ENEA of Italy and by the U.S. DOE.

Galbiati, L.; Bianchi, A.; Lucca, F.; Coppi, B.

2005-10-01

376

Data loss detection method for handling fuzziness in sensitive keywords  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method and apparatus for handling fuzziness in sensitive keywords from data loss prevention (DLP) policies. In one embodiment, the method includes identifying a keyword included in a DLP policy, generating multiple permutations of the keyword, and adding the multiple permutations to the DLP policy. The method further includes causing information content to be searched for the keyword permutations to detect a violation of the DLP policy in the information content.

2013-09-10

377

Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Activity: You are going to develop a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father responds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Teaching Emphasis (Core) I cannot use any language that describes to you what a revelation is. Somebody said, How can I tell if I have a revelation? I have had a feeling that such and such is true. How can I be sure? ...Revelation is something you experience, and the way that ...

Vasas, Brother

2008-10-15

378

Constraint Handling in Transmission Network Expansion Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transmission network expansion planning (TNEP) is a very important and complex problem in power system. Recently, the use of metaheuristic techniques to solve TNEP is gaining more importance due to their effectiveness in handling the inequality constraints and discrete values over the conventional gradient based methods. Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) generally perform unconstrained search and require some additional mechanism to handle constraints. In EA literature, various constraint handling techniques have been proposed. However, to solve TNEP the penalty function approach is commonly used while the other constraint handling methods are untested. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of different constraint handling methods like Superiority of Feasible Solutions (SF), Self adaptive Penalty (SP),E-Constraint (EC), Stochastic Ranking (SR) and the ensemble of constraint handling techniques (ECHT) on TNEP. The potential of different constraint handling methods and their ensemble is evaluated using an IEEE 24 bus system with and without security constraints.

Mallipeddi, R.; Verma, Ashu; Suganthan, P. N.; Panigrahi, B. K.; Bijwe, P. R.

379

Arrival condition of spent fuel after storage, handling, and transportation  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study conducted to determine the probable arrival condition of spent light-water reactor (LWR) fuel after handling and interim storage in spent fuel storage pools and subsequent handling and accident-free transport operations under normal or slightly abnormal conditions. The objective of this study was to provide information on the expected condition of spent LWR fuel upon arrival at interim storage or fuel reprocessing facilities or at disposal facilities if the fuel is declared a waste. Results of a literature survey and data evaluation effort are discussed. Preliminary threshold limits for storing, handling, and transporting unconsolidated spent LWR fuel are presented. The difficulty in trying to anticipate the amount of corrosion products (crud) that may be on spent fuel in future shipments is also discussed, and potential areas for future work are listed. 95 references, 3 figures, 17 tables.

Bailey, W.J.; Pankaskie, P.J.; Langstaff, D.C.; Gilbert, E.R.; Rising, K.H.; Schreiber, R.E.

1982-11-01

380

Intermediate Volume Personal Sampler (IVPS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The historical development of the Intermediate Volume Personal Sampler, or IVPS, is described, and information is given on testing and calibration, and manufacturing considerations. Detailed instructions are given for the use of the IVPS for sampling resp...

1973-01-01

381

41 CFR 102-36.370 - Are there special requirements concerning the use of excess personal property for disaster relief?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of excess personal property for disaster relief? 102-36.370 Section...Disposal Requires Special Handling Disaster Relief Property § 102-36.370...excess personal property for disaster relief? Yes, upon declaration...

2010-07-01

382

41 CFR 102-36.370 - Are there special requirements concerning the use of excess personal property for disaster relief?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of excess personal property for disaster relief? 102-36.370 Section...Disposal Requires Special Handling Disaster Relief Property § 102-36.370...excess personal property for disaster relief? Yes, upon declaration...

2009-07-01

383

41 CFR 102-36.370 - Are there special requirements concerning the use of excess personal property for disaster relief?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of excess personal property for disaster relief? 102-36.370 Section...Disposal Requires Special Handling Disaster Relief Property § 102-36.370...excess personal property for disaster relief? Yes, upon declaration...

2012-01-01

384

41 CFR 102-36.370 - Are there special requirements concerning the use of excess personal property for disaster relief?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of excess personal property for disaster relief? 102-36.370 Section...Disposal Requires Special Handling Disaster Relief Property § 102-36.370...excess personal property for disaster relief? Yes, upon declaration...

2011-01-01

385

An investigation into the short term and medium term health impacts of personal incapacitant sprays. A follow up of patients reported to the National Poisons Information Service (London)  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The aim of this study is to describe the pattern of ill health after personal incapacitant spray (PIS) exposures reported to the National Poisons Information Service—London (NPIS-L) and the Chemical Incident Response Service and to evaluate the relation between sub-categories of PIS exposure and adverse health effects. Methods: Case series study of patients reported to the NPIS-L, by attending medical personnel during the period 16 January to 31 September 1998. Data collected by questionnaire sent to these medical personnel. Results: Several "adverse" symptoms, particularly dermatitis and blisters were reported for cases exposed to police PIS. These cases were more frequent than in those people exposed to non-police PIS. Adverse effects occurring more than six hours after exposure were also observed, which is in conflict with the recorded immediate, short lived, and self limiting symptoms that PIS are designed to cause. Most patients with persisting symptoms required further treatment. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the formulation of CS (o-chlorobenzylidine malononitrile) with MiBK (methyl iso-butyl ketone) used by the police is more harmful that has been previously assumed. If confirmed then the continued use of this formulation should be reviewed because of longer duration of adverse effects. Less concentrated formulations may reduce the severity or persistence of the adverse effects.

Euripidou, E; MacLehose, R; Fletcher, A

2004-01-01

386

Obit: Radio Astronomy Data Handling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Obit is a group of software packages for handling radio astronomy data, especially interferometric and single dish OTF imaging. Obit is primarily an environment in which new data processing algorithms can be developed and tested but which can also be used for production processing of a certain range of scientific problems. The package supports both prepackaged, compiled tasks and a python interface to the major class functionality to allow rapid prototyping using python scripts; it allows access to multiple disk--resident data formats, in particular access to either AIPS disk data or FITS files. Obit applications are interoperable with Classic AIPS and the ObitTalk python interface gives access to AIPS tasks as well as Obit libraries and tasks.

Cotton, Bill

2013-07-01

387

Integrated Payload Data Handling Demonstrator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An integrated Payload Data Handling System (IPDHS) is one in which multiple instruments share a central payload processor for their on-board data processing tasks. This offers a number of advantages over the conventional decentralised architecture. Savings in payload mass and power can be realised because the total processing resource is matched to the requirement, as opposed to the decentralised architecture where the processing resource is in effect the sum of all the applications. Overall development cost can be reduced using a common processor. At individual instrument level the potential benefits include a standardised application development environment, and the opportunity to run the instrument data handling application on a fully redundant and more powerful processor. This paper describes a joint programme by Astrium Ltd, SCISYS UK Limited, Imperial College London and RAL Space to implement a realistic demonstration of an I-PDHS using engineering models of flight instruments (a magnetometer and a camera) and a laboratory demonstrator of a central payload processor which is functionally representative of a flight design. The objective is to raise the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of the centralised data processing technique by addressing the key areas of task partitioning to prevent fault propagation and the use of a common development process for the instrument applications. The project is supported by a UK Space Agency grant awarded under the National Space Technology Programme SpaceCITI scheme. The demonstration system is set up at the UK Space Agency's International Space Innovation Centre (ISIC) at Harwell and makes use of the ISIC Concurrent Design Facility (CDF).

FitzGeorge, T.; Wishart, A.; Hann, M.; Phan, N.; Carr, C. M.; Cupido, E.; Fox, P.; Oddy, T.; McGregor, A.; Marshall, A.; Waltham, N.

2013-09-01

388

PCACE-Personal-Computer-Aided Cabling Engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PCACE computer program developed to provide inexpensive, interactive system for learning and using engineering approach to interconnection systems. Basically database system that stores information as files of individual connectors and handles wiring information in circuit groups stored as records. Directly emulates typical manual engineering methods of handling data, thus making interface between user and program very natural. Apple version written in P-Code Pascal and IBM PC version of PCACE written in TURBO Pascal 3.0

Billitti, Joseph W.

1987-01-01

389

Personal Beacon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The MicroPLB (personal locator beacon) is a search and rescue satellite-aided tracking (SARSAT) transmitter. When activated it emits a distress signal to a constellation of internationally operated satellites. The endangered person's identity and location anywhere on Earth is automatically forwarded to central monitoring stations around the world. It is accurate to within just a few meters. The user uses the device to download navigation data from a global positioning satellite receiver. After the download is complete, the MicroPLB functions as a self-locating beacon. Also, it is the only PLB to use a safe battery. In the past, other PLB devices have used batteries that have enough volatility to explode with extreme force. It was developed by Microwave Monolithic, Inc. through SBIR funding from Glenn Research Center and Goddard Space Flight Center.

2000-01-01

390

Mechanization for tubular running and handling  

SciTech Connect

In response to industry requirements for reducing rig crew numbers and increasing safety, particularly on the rig floor, significant advances have been made in the last 2 years in the mechanization of the pipe-running and handling process. Handling and running of pipe in drilling operations has always been hard and repetitive manual work with many attendant safety hazards. Surveys show that handling pipe, especially on offshore rigs, is one of the most hazardous operations for rig personnel. New systems are now evolving to reduce the need for direct personnel intervention and result in improved safety. This paper reviews several of the new hydraulic systems available for drill stem handling.

Harris, D.

1996-06-01

391

"Make My Day": Handling Conflict. ERIC Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features documents in "Resources in Education" that describe how the following occupational groups handle conflict: nurses, school superintendents, city managers, board members, teachers, and training directors. (PD)

Demo, Mary Penasack

1986-01-01

392

Rocker handle for endoscopic needle drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The design of the handle on instruments for endoscopic surgery determines comfort and efficiency of use by the surgeon. This\\u000a applies particularly to needle drivers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: A novel rocker handle was designed to provide holding comfort and intuitive function. This rocker handle was compared with\\u000a a finger-loop handle in a study involving 10 surgeons who tied a total of

T. A. Emam; T. G. Frank; G. B. Hanna; G. Stockham; A. Cuschieri

1999-01-01

393

Context Aware Personal Agent for Spiritual Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a personal agent to assist users in dealing with personal and psycho-spiritual issues. As Internet-based applications move beyond simple information presentation and social networking, the use of agent technology to create a personal, customized, and comforting presence becomes possible. This ability derives from an agent implementation that can offer thousands of years of spiritual and psychological wisdom

Michael R. Neal; d'Armond L. Speers

2009-01-01

394

Apparatus for remotely handling components  

DOEpatents

The inventive apparatus for remotely handling bar-like components which define a longitudinal direction includes a gripper mechanism for gripping the component including first and second gripper members longitudinally fixedly spaced from each other and oriented parallel to each other in planes transverse to the longitudinal direction. Each gripper member includes a jaw having at least one V-groove with opposing surfaces intersecting at a base and extending radially relative to the longitudinal direction for receiving the component in an open end between the opposing surfaces. The V-grooves on the jaw plate of the first and second gripper members are aligned in the longitudinal direction to support the component in the first and second gripper members. A jaw is rotatably mounted on and a part of each of the first and second gripper members for selectively assuming a retracted mode in which the open end of the V-groove is unobstructed and active mode in which the jaw spans the open end of the V-groove in the first and second gripper members. The jaw has a locking surface for contacting the component in the active mode to secure the component between the locking surface of the jaw and the opposing surfaces of the V-groove. The locking surface has a plurality of stepped portions, each defining a progressively decreasing radial distance between the base of the V-groove and the stepped portion opposing the base to accommodate varying sizes of components.

Szkrybalo, Gregory A. (Jefferson Boro, PA); Griffin, Donald L. (West Blackfoot, ID)

1994-01-01

395

Apparatus for remotely handling components  

SciTech Connect

The inventive apparatus for remotely handling bar-like components which define a longitudinal direction includes a gripper mechanism for gripping the component including first and second gripper members longitudinally fixedly spaced from each other and oriented parallel to each other in planes transverse to the longitudinal direction. Each gripper member includes a jaw having at least one V-groove with opposing surfaces intersecting at a base and extending radially relative to the longitudinal direction for receiving the component in an open end between the opposing surfaces. The V-grooves on the jaw plate of the first and second gripper members are aligned in the longitudinal direction to support the component in the first and second gripper members. A jaw is rotatably mounted on and a part of each of the first and second gripper members for selectively assuming a retracted mode in which the open end of the V-groove is unobstructed and active mode in which the jaw spans the open end of the V-groove in the first and second gripper members. The jaw has a locking surface for contacting the component in the active mode to secure the component between the locking surface of the jaw and the opposing surfaces of the V-groove. The locking surface has a plurality of stepped portions, each defining a progressively decreasing radial distance between the base of the V-groove and the stepped portion opposing the base to accommodate varying sizes of components. 7 figures.

Szkrybalo, G.A.; Griffin, D.L.

1994-02-08

396

Personalized genomic medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized medicine provide to physicians a molecular makeup of each patient. Looking at the patient on this level helps\\u000a the physician get a profile of the patient’s genetic distinction, or mapping. By investigating this genetic profile, medical\\u000a professionals are then able to select patients, and use the found information to plan out a course of treatment that is much\\u000a more

Giuseppe Novelli

2010-01-01

397

MIMS - MEDICAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MIMS, Medical Information Management System is an interactive, general purpose information storage and retrieval system. It was first designed to be used in medical data management, and can be used to handle all aspects of data related to patient care. Other areas of application for MIMS include: managing occupational safety data in the public and private sectors; handling judicial information where speed and accuracy are high priorities; systemizing purchasing and procurement systems; and analyzing organizational cost structures. Because of its free format design, MIMS can offer immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. File structures, data categories, field lengths and formats, including alphabetic and/or numeric, are all user defined. The user can quickly and efficiently extract, display, and analyze the data. Three means of extracting data are provided: certain short items of information, such as social security numbers, can be used to uniquely identify each record for quick access; records can be selected which match conditions defined by the user; and specific categories of data can be selected. Data may be displayed and analyzed in several ways which include: generating tabular information assembled from comparison of all the records on the system; generating statistical information on numeric data such as means, standard deviations and standard errors; and displaying formatted listings of output data. The MIMS program is written in Microsoft FORTRAN-77. It was designed to operate on IBM Personal Computers and compatibles running under PC or MS DOS 2.00 or higher. MIMS was developed in 1987.

Frankowski, J. W.

1994-01-01

398

Procedures for Handling Security Patches.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is written for system administrators, technical managers, functional managers, and other IT staff members who manage information systems. It provides a structured approach to identifying and implementing security patches or otherwise mitigat...

P. Mell M. C. Tracy

2002-01-01

399

Personalized neuroprosthetics.  

PubMed

Decades of technological developments have populated the field of neuroprosthetics with myriad replacement strategies, neuromodulation therapies, and rehabilitation procedures to improve the quality of life for individuals with neuromotor disorders. Despite the few but impressive clinical successes, and multiple breakthroughs in animal models, neuroprosthetic technologies remain mainly confined to sophisticated laboratory environments. We summarize the core principles and latest achievements in neuroprosthetics, but also address the challenges that lie along the path toward clinical fruition. We propose a pragmatic framework to personalize neurotechnologies and rehabilitation for patient-specific impairments to achieve the timely dissemination of neuroprosthetic medicine. PMID:24197737

Borton, David; Micera, Silvestro; Millán, José del R; Courtine, Grégoire

2013-11-01

400

Personal healthcare system using cloud computing.  

PubMed

A personal healthcare system used with cloud computing has been developed. It enables a daily time-series of personal health and lifestyle data to be stored in the cloud through mobile devices. The cloud automatically extracts personally useful information, such as rules and patterns concerning lifestyle and health conditions embedded in the personal big data, by using a data mining technology. The system provides three editions (Diet, Lite, and Pro) corresponding to users' needs. PMID:23920710

Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Mayuzumi, Yuuki; Kodama, Naoki; Sato, Keiichi

2013-01-01

401

Handling Continuous Attributes in Discovery of Strong Decision Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider discovery of strong decision rules from information systems defined by continuous attributes. The rule discovery\\u000a algorithm Explore is extended by introducing a new method that handles continuous attributes while constructing the elementary\\u000a conditions in the way corresponding to requirements for getting strong decision rules. The usefulness of this method is evaluated\\u000a in an experiment.

Jerzy Stefanowski

1998-01-01

402

Microbiological surveillance of food handling at NASA-MSFC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A microbiological surveillance program of cafeterias and snack bars was conducted to supplement the inspections by NASA Medical Center personnel and to gather information for cafeteria management to pinpoint areas of possible contamination. The work conducted under the program from its inception in January, 1972, to its termination on September 15, 1972 is summarized. Ten food handling facilities were included in the surveillance at NASA-MSFC.

Beyerle, F. J.

1973-01-01

403

Ash handling systems for coal fired boilers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of the types of ash handling systems that can and are being used to handle the ash waste products from burning coal. The paper discusses systems for the two broad industry subdivisions of bottom ash and fly ash and discusses pulverized coal fired boilers as well as coal versus coal\\/oil direct combinations.

G. D. Mooney; J. Murphy

1982-01-01

404

Dry ash handling system for power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most commonly used wet ash handling system in which slurried ash is pumped to ash lagoons is compared with a relatively new dry ash handling system in which moistened fly ash and dewatered bottom ash are continously transported to the disposal area and compacted. The proposed system for a typical 2,000 MW power plant features submerged drag bar conveyors

Rafay

1982-01-01

405

Design ash-handling for coal conversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design of the ash-handling system is an important element in converting utility boilers from oil to coal. In selecting the right ash-handling system, utilities should evaluate such factors as site conditions, coal analysis, types of conveying systems, and controls. Here are some general design principles, and a case history showing how one utility applied them. 1 figure, 3 tables.

1984-01-01

406

Diabetes mellitus and renal handling of glucose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning object emphasizes in the physiological renal handling of glucose and how this handling changes in patients with diabetes mellitus. It is also useful to help students correlate the renal pathophysiogy of diabetes mellitus with some of the cardinal symptoms.

MD Luis J Martinez (Elgin Community College Biology)

2007-08-01

407

Handling of phase change in thermal simulators  

SciTech Connect

The problems associated with handling phase change in thermal simulators are considered. A new set of pseudoequilibrium ratios (PER's) is introduced and implemented in a steam model. The proposed approach is compared with the variable substitution (VS) method and is shown to be an efficient, simple method of handling phase change.

Abou-kassem, J.H.; Aziz, K.

1985-09-01

408

[Personalized neurooncology].  

PubMed

The treatment of patients with intrinsic brain tumors is radically changing. This change is currently not (yet) signified by the use of targeted therapy in clinical practice but more by the definition of molecular markers as predictors for response to therapy which have been used for a long time. While in the past the choice of treatment has been based solely on the tumor entity and its degree of malignancy derived from histological analyses, large randomized trials have now provided a solid basis for personalized molecular-guided treatment decisions. For instance, in the German NOA-08 trial a benefit of chemotherapy with temozolomide alone was only demonstrated in a subgroup of elderly patients with malignant gliomas displaying promoter hypermethylation of the DNA repair enzyme MGMT. This is only one of several examples where molecular analysis of tumor tissue becomes clinically relevant as these analyses can and should be taken into account for treatment decisions and not, as previously, just as an additional parameter for estimating prognosis. This article illustrates the current developments in the area of personalized neurooncology and critically reviews the impact on clinical decision-making in daily practice. PMID:23775285

Platten, M; Steinbach, J P; Wick, W

2013-08-01

409

Economic crime: does personality matter?  

PubMed

Since the publication of Edwin Sutherland's classical study, White Collar Crime, personality has been treated as completely irrelevant as a cause or as a correlating variable in studies of economic crime. This article questions that thesis. In an ongoing Swedish project studying economic crime in the areas of construction, engineering, and the music industry, 128 informants were interviewed regarding the personal character of the economic criminal compared to that of the law-abiding businessperson. Data were collected from five different regions in Sweden using the Big Five model, the personality model most often used within the field of personality research today. This article compares the results from the interviews with the few international studies that exist regarding economic crimes in these areas and common results are emphasized. It also presents nuanced analyses of the significance of personality in economic crime. PMID:12808742

Alalehto, Tage

2003-06-01

410

Data handling in clinical trials: an ongoing debate.  

PubMed

Data handling is a crucial phase in controlled clinical trials. In this paper we conceive the process of data handling in a broad sense, encompassing monitoring, analysis and publication of data. We discuss basic ethical principles underlying adequate data handling and suggest some modifications of the Good Clinical Practice guidelines. As to data monitoring, we underline the corporate responsibilities and argue in favour of an independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). Data analysis should be performed in independent institutions, and there is a moral obligation to perform an interim analysis. Regarding accessibility of data, the raw data should be made available to participating researchers and independent scientific institutions, and both positive and negative results should be published, in agreement with a Report on Drug Information by the World Health Organization. To meet these requirements, commercial sponsors should have initiatives for independent DSMBs, interim analysis and complete data availability, and conceive corresponding contracts. The investigators can improve the quality of data handling by forming an Investigators Liaison Panel that represents them in the contacts with the sponsor. Finally, ethics committee and drug regulatory agencies should see to it that newly gained insights are being put into practice. PMID:9345402

Jongen, P J

1995-01-01

411

Physical load handling and listening comprehension effects on balance control.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the physical load handling and listening comprehension effects on balance control. A total of 16 young and 16 elderly participants were recruited in this study. The physical load handling task required holding a 5-kg load in each hand with arms at sides. The listening comprehension task involved attentive listening to a short conversation. Three short questions were asked regarding the conversation right after the testing trial to test the participants' attentiveness during the experiment. Balance control was assessed by centre of pressure-based measures, which were calculated from the force platform data when the participants were quietly standing upright on a force platform. Results from this study showed that both physical load handling and listening comprehension adversely affected balance control. Physical load handling had a more deleterious effect on balance control under the listening comprehension condition vs. no-listening comprehension condition. Based on the findings from this study, interventions for the improvement of balance could be focused on avoiding exposures to physically demanding tasks and cognitively demanding tasks simultaneously. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: Findings from this study can aid in better understanding how humans maintain balance, especially when physical and cognitive loads are applied. Such information is useful for developing interventions to prevent fall incidents and injuries in occupational settings and daily activities. PMID:21108083

Qu, Xingda

2010-12-01

412

Living with Stigma: Depressed Elderly Persons' Experiences of Physical Health Problems  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to deepen the understanding of depressed elderly persons' lived experiences of physical health problems. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 depressed elderly persons who suffer from physical health problems. A hermeneutic analysis was performed, yielding one main theme, living with stigma, and three themes: longing to be taken seriously, being uncertain about whether the pain is physical or mental, and a sense of living in a war zone. The second theme comprised two subthemes, feeling like a stranger and feeling dizzy, while the third had one subtheme: afraid of being helpless and dependent on others. Stigma deprives individuals of their dignity and reinforces destructive patterns of isolation and hopelessness. Nurses should provide information in a sensitive way and try to avoid diagnostic overshadowing. Effective training programmes and procedures need to be developed with more focus on how to handle depressive ill health and physical problems in older people.

Holm, Anne Lise; Lyberg, Anne

2014-01-01

413

Low back pain in drivers: The relative role of whole-body vibration, posture and manual materials handling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the relative role of whole-body vibration (WBV), posture and manual materials handling (MMH) as risk factors for low back pain (LBP). Using a validated questionnaire, information about health history, posture and MMH performed was obtained from 394 workers who drove vehicles as part of their job (according to seven predefined occupational groups) and 59 who did not. The intention was to reflect a wide range of exposures with the lower end of the exposure spectrum defined as that of non-manual workers who do not drive as part of their job. Based on the questionnaire responses and direct measurements of vibration exposure, personal aggregate measures of exposure were computed for each of the respondents, i.e., total vibration dose (TVD), posture score (PS) and manual handling score (MHS). Odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) for back pain were obtained from logistics regression models and log-linear backward elimination analysis was performed. The findings showed that 'combined exposure' due to posture and one or both of vibration and MMH, rather than the individual exposure to one of the three factors (WBV, posture, MMH) is the main contributor of the increased prevalence of LBP.

Okunribido, O. O.; Magnusson, M.; Pope, M. H.

2006-12-01

414

How to Handle 'Routine' Inspections  

SciTech Connect

Nondestructive examination (NDE) utilized for preservice or inservice inspection provides valuable information relating to the quality and integrity of fabricated components. This document describes the importance of detailed preparation for nondestructive examination regardless of the complexity, periodicity or routine nature of the examinations/inspections being performed.

Chris T. Brown

2013-04-01

415

Great Talks about Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-03

416

Great Talks about Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-19

417

Solid-State Personal Dosimetry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a web site page, and a data sheet about Personal protection (i.e., space suits) presented to the Radiation and Micrometeoroid Mitigation Technology Focus Group meeting. The website describes the work of the PI to improve solid state personal radiation dosimetry. The data sheet presents work on the active personal radiation detection system that is to provide real-time local radiation exposure information during EVA. Should undue exposure occur, knowledge of the dynamic intensity conditions during the exposure will allow more precise diagnostic assessment of the potential health risk to the exposed individual.

Wrbanek, John D.; Fralick, Gustave C.; Wrbanek, Susan Y.

2005-01-01

418

A qualitative descriptive study on the alignment of care goals between older persons with multi-morbidities, their family physicians and informal caregivers  

PubMed Central

Background Goal setting is a recommended approach in clinical care that can help individuals with multi-morbidities and their caregivers manage chronic conditions. In this paper, the types of goals that were important for older persons with multi-morbidities were explored from the perspectives of patients, their caregivers and physicians. Comparisons of goals were made across each patient, caregiver and physician triad to determine alignment. Methods The study was a qualitative descriptive study facilitated through semi-structured one-on-one interviews. The study took place between May and October 2012 at a Family Health Team located in Ontario, Canada. The sample included 28 family medicine patients, their informal caregivers and family physicians. Socio-demographic data were analyzed via descriptive statistics in SPSS Version 17. Open ended questions pertaining to patient goals of care were analyzed thematically using NVivo9. Themes were derived on patient care goals for each of the participant groups (patients, caregivers and family physicians). Following this, alignment of goals across each of the triads was examined. Goal alignment was defined as concurrence on at least one goal by all three parties in a particular triad (i.e., patient, caregiver and family physician). Results Just over half of the patients were male (56%); they had an average age of 82.3 years and 4.61 health conditions. Most of the caregivers were female (82%); and 61% were a spouse of the care recipient. At the aggregate level, common goals expressed among patients, caregivers and family physicians were the maintenance of functional independence of patients and the management of their symptoms or functional challenges. Despite these common goals at the aggregate level, little alignment of goals was found when looking across patient-caregiver and physician triads. Lack of alignment tended to occur when patients had unstable or declining functional or cognitive health; when safety threats were noted; and when enhanced care services were required. Conclusions The data suggest that goal divergence tends to occur when patients are less medically stable. While goal divergence may be expected due to the different roles and responsibilities of each of the players involved, these perspectives should be illuminated when building care plans. Further research is required to observe the extent to which goal setting occurs in family practice as well as how it can be embedded as a standard of practice.

2013-01-01

419

Personalized Medicine in Cardiovascular Diseases  

PubMed Central

Personalized medicine is a novel medical model with all decisions and practices being tailored to individual patients in whatever ways possible. In the era of genomics, personalized medicine combines the genetic information for additional benefit in preventive and therapeutic strategies. Personalized medicine may allow the physician to provide a better therapy for patients in terms of efficiency, safety and treatment length to reduce the associated costs. There was a remarkable growth in scientific publication on personalized medicine within the past few years in the cardiovascular field. However, so far, only very few cardiologists in the USA are incorporating personalized medicine into clinical treatment. We review the concepts, strengths, limitations and challenges of personalized medicine with a particular focus on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). There are many challenges from both scientific and policy perspectives to personalized medicine, which can overcome them by comprehensive concept and understanding, clinical application, and evidence based practices. Individualized medicine serves a pivotal role in the evolution of national and global healthcare reform, especially, in the CVDs fields. Ultimately, personalized medicine will affect the entire landscape of health care system in the near future.

Lee, Moo-Sik; Flammer, Andreas J.; Lerman, Lilach O.

2012-01-01

420

Paranoid personality disorder.  

PubMed

Paranoid personality disorder (PPD) is currently included in DSM-IV's "odd cluster" or "cluster A." In the present article, the authors review available information pertaining to the psychometric properties of PPD, as derived from the relevant literature and from databases of personality disorder study groups. There is comparatively little published evidence for the reliability and validity of PPD, and researchers by and large have tended not to study the disorder, either because of investigators' difficulty recruiting individuals with PPD into research studies, or (as seems more likely) because the trait-paranoia from which many psychiatric patients suffer has seemed better explained by other DSM-IV disorders on Axis I and/or Axis II than by PPD. Given the scant empirical evidence on PPD, it seems reasonable to remove it as an independent diagnosis from the next edition of DSM, and instead to encourage clinicians to code trait-paranoia using a dimensional approach. PMID:22928850

Triebwasser, Joseph; Chemerinski, Eran; Roussos, Panos; Siever, Larry J

2013-12-01

421

Reducing Mouse Anxiety during Handling: Effect of Experience with Handling Tunnels  

PubMed Central

Handling stress is a well-recognised source of variation in animal studies that can also compromise the welfare of research animals. To reduce background variation and maximise welfare, methods that minimise handling stress should be developed and used wherever possible. Recent evidence has shown that handling mice by a familiar tunnel that is present in their home cage can minimise anxiety compared with standard tail handling. As yet, it is unclear whether a tunnel is required in each home cage to improve response to handling. We investigated the influence of prior experience with home tunnels among two common strains of laboratory mice: ICR(CD-1) and C57BL/6. We compared willingness to approach the handler and anxiety in an elevated plus maze test among mice picked up by the tail, by a home cage tunnel or by an external tunnel shared between cages. Willingness to interact with the handler was much greater for mice handled by a tunnel, even when this was unfamiliar, compared to mice picked up by the tail. Once habituated to handling, C57BL/6 mice were most interactive towards a familiar home tunnel, whereas the ICR strain showed strong interaction with all tunnel handling regardless of any experience of a home cage tunnel. Mice handled by a home cage or external tunnel showed less anxiety in an elevated plus maze than those picked up by the tail. This study shows that using a tunnel for routine handling reduces anxiety among mice compared to tail handling regardless of prior familiarity with tunnels. However, as home cage tunnels can further improve response to handling in some mice, we recommend that mice are handled with a tunnel provided in their home cage where possible as a simple practical method to minimise handling stress.

Gouveia, Kelly; Hurst, Jane L.

2013-01-01

422

Mooring and ground handling rigid airships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The problems of mooring and ground handling rigid airships are discussed. A brief history of Mooring and Ground Handling Rigid Airships from July 2, 1900 through September 1, 1939 is included. Also a brief history of ground handling developments with large U. S. Navy nonrigid airships between September 1, 1939 and August 31, 1962 is included wherein developed equipment and techniques appear applicable to future large rigid airships. Finally recommendations are made pertaining to equipment and procedures which appear desirable and feasible for future rigid airship programs.

Walker, H., Jr.

1975-01-01

423

Handling time and choice in pigeons  

PubMed Central

According to optimal foraging theory, animals should prefer food items with the highest ratios of energy intake to handling time. When single items have negligible handling times, one large item should be preferred to a collection of small ones of equivalent total weight. However, when pigeons were offered such a choice on equal concurrent variable-interval schedules in a shuttlebox, they preferred the side offering many small items per reinforcement to that offering one or a few relatively large items. This preference was still evident on concurrent fixed-cumulative-duration schedules in which choosing the alternative with longer handling time substantially lowered the rate of food intake.

Shettleworth, Sara J.

1985-01-01

424

Relational consequences of personal goal pursuits.  

PubMed

Individuals balance tasks necessary to fulfill personal goals and to maintain their interpersonal relationships. In the current studies, we examined the impact of personal goal pursuits on how individuals process and respond to events in their romantic relationships. In 5 experiments, we examined consequences of motivationally active personal goals for relationships. Results indicated that when individuals focused on pursuing a personal goal, they processed relationship information in an evaluatively polarized (Study 1), one-sided (Study 2) fashion. Relative to those deliberating about a personal goal, those focused on a personal goal reported less willingness to engage in some kinds of pro-relationship behaviors (Study 3) and were more likely to forego an opportunity to improve their relationship (Study 4). We attribute this pattern of findings to processing that shielded the personal goal from goal-irrelevant influence (Study 5). These findings provide a greater understanding of how pursuing a personal goal can undermine relationships. PMID:24841097

VanderDrift, Laura E; Agnew, Christopher R

2014-06-01

425

Beyond the Memory Mechanism: Person-Selective and Nonselective Processes in Recognition of Personally Familiar Faces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special processes recruited during the recognition of personally familiar people have been assumed to reflect the rich episodic and semantic information that selectively represents each person. However, the processes may also include person nonselective ones, which may require interpretation in terms beyond the memory mechanism. To examine this…

Sugiura, Motoaki; Mano, Yoko; Sasaki, Akihiro; Sadato, Norihiro

2011-01-01

426

EBR-II fuel handling console digital upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The main fuel handling console and control system at the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) are being upgraded to a computerized system using high-end workstations for the operator interface and a programmable logic controller (PLC) for the control system. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics will be provided for the operator which will show the relative position of under-sodium fuel handling equipment. This equipment is operated remotely with no means of directly viewing the transfer. This paper describes various aspects of the modification including reasons for the upgrade, capabilities the new system provides over the old control system, philosophies and rationale behind the new design, testing and simulation work, diagnostic features, and the advanced graphics techniques used to display information to the operator.

Peters, G.G.; Wiege, D.D.; Christensen, L.J. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Integral Fast Reactor Operations Div.

1995-06-01

427

Responding to computer security incidents: Guidelines for incident handling  

SciTech Connect

These guidelines do not comprise an exhaustive set of incident handling procedures. A lengthy set of guidelines would be too intimidating to read and to incorporate into site contingency response plans. The discipline of responding to incidents is also very much in its infancy. Because so much is yet to be learned about handling incidents, this version of these guidelines will necessarily lack some degree of sophistication and detail. In addition, it is impossible to specify specific technical procedures for responding to the many types and versions of computer systems within DOE. This guidelines document contains basic information about responding to incidents which can be used, regardless of hardware platform or operating system. For specific technical details necessary to implement many of the recommendations in these guidelines, consult your system administrator or vendor.

Schultz, E.E. Jr.; Brown, D.S.; Longstaff, T.A.

1990-07-23

428

The Information Aged: Examination of University Students' Attitudes towards Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) Usage in Terms of Gender, Age and School Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, there has been a rabid development of new technology devices that were proved to have significant effects on education, one of which is known as Personal Digital Assistant (PDA). PDAs offer new possibilities for providing better learning experiences and more learning opportunities in the sector of higher education. A quantitative design…

Alzaidiyeen, Naser Jamil; Abdullah, Abdul Ghani Kanesan; Al-Shabatat, Ahmad Mohammad; Seedee, Rattana

2011-01-01

429

Field Applications for Robotic Materiel Handling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a description of interests and activities involved in the use of robotics and allied technologies for Army field applications in materiel handling roles. This presentation includes: (1) Motivators for using robotic technology in this n...

F. Eldredge

1983-01-01

430

Upgrading and refurbishing coal-handling systems  

SciTech Connect

Case histories presented at the Coal Technology '82 meetings are singled out in this article as examples of integrated attacks on coal-handling problems. At the Ohio Edison Co. Sammis Plant the conveyor passed over a public highway, and fugitive coal rained on passing vehicles. Four belt cleaners and a modified gas reducer were installed. Belt-cleaning systems were then installed throughout the plant. At the Con Edison Arthur Kill station coal-receiving facilities, coal conveyors, and ash-handling systems were upgraded. The rotary dumper was modified, the coal-thawing equipment modernized. In the breaker house a rotary breaker was replaced by a ring-type coal crusher. The outmoded pneumatic type ash-handling system was replaced by a drag-chain conveyor. Such concerted plantwide efforts are still the exception, where coal-handling equipment is cared for on a day-to-day patchwork basis.

Strauss, S.D.

1983-03-01

431

Sampling and handling of desert soils  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report on sampling and handling desert soils includes sections on selection, characterization, and photography of area, site, and soil, sterilization of sampling equipment and containers, and soil sample collection, transport, storage, and dispersal.

Blank, G. B.; Cameron, R. E.

1969-01-01

432

RAND Database Handling (DBH) System (User Guide).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The RAND Database Handling (DBH) System was developed to support the SAAFE database maintained by the PACAF Cryptologic Support Group. This consists of five separate computer programs, each of which the user executes individually. Each program accomplishe...

D. E. Lewis W. V. Hobbs

1990-01-01

433

Planetary Sample Rapid Recovery and Handling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods for recovering and cost effectively handling planetary samples following return to the vicinity of Earth were designed for planetary mission planners. Three topics are addressed: (1) a rough cost estimate was produced for each of a series of optio...

1985-01-01

434

Approaches to employees grievance handling in hospitals.  

PubMed

A grievance is a discontent or dissatisfaction caused by various reasons in hospitals. The grievances affect the individual performance and poor quality of services inspite of high investment on highly qualified manpower and sophisticated technology. The grievances can be identified by direct observation, grievance procedure, gripe boxes, open door policy and exit interview etc. The grievances need proper and prompt handling at the level of occurrence. A four stage method is suggested for successful handling of grievances. PMID:10130924

Katharia, S K

1992-01-01

435

Neighborhood Information Service Centers. Public Library "Information and Referral" Provides Significant New Personal Service to the Individual Library User. A Background Paper for the White House Conference on Library and Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, one of a series of background papers for the White House Conference, presents information and referral services as one of the ways libraries are developing programs to discharge their responsibilities to the public they serve. It details the determination of a woman librarian in Detroit to develop the first comprehensive I&R service…

Layne, Elizabeth N.

436

Taking the Heat: Handling the Shuttle's RCC Wing Panels  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Innovative inspection technology was developed to inspect the Reinforced Carbon-Carbon (RCC) wing panels on the vehicle, thus eliminating need to remove/reinstall all 44 RCC panels for inspections per processing flow. Manually holding inspection tools up to the RCC panels was a 3-person job with high risk of personnel injury and flight hardware damage. To further enhance ergonomics, reduce personnel/flight hardware risks, and improve repeatability, an inspection cart and fixture were constructed to physically secure the instruments for Inspectors during 652 inspection points per flow. The electric lift used to handle RCCs was also utilized to raise the heavy, bulky inspection equipment up to the wing leading edge.

Stegles, Katrine S.

2008-01-01

437

Handling Input and Output for COAMPS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two suites of software have been developed to handle the input and output of the Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Prediction System (COAMPS), which is a regional atmospheric model developed by the Navy for simulating and predicting weather. Typically, the initial and boundary conditions for COAMPS are provided by a flat-file representation of the Navy s global model. Additional algorithms are needed for running the COAMPS software using global models. One of the present suites satisfies this need for running COAMPS using the Global Forecast System (GFS) model of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The first step in running COAMPS downloading of GFS data from an Internet file-transfer-protocol (FTP) server computer of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is performed by one of the programs (SSC-00273) in this suite. The GFS data, which are in gridded binary (GRIB) format, are then changed to a COAMPS-compatible format by another program in the suite (SSC-00278). Once a forecast is complete, still another program in the suite (SSC-00274) sends the output data to a different server computer. The second suite of software (SSC- 00275) addresses the need to ingest up-to-date land-use-and-land-cover (LULC) data into COAMPS for use in specifying typical climatological values of such surface parameters as albedo, aerodynamic roughness, and ground wetness. This suite includes (1) a program to process LULC data derived from observations by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments aboard NASA s Terra and Aqua satellites, (2) programs to derive new climatological parameters for the 17-land-use-category MODIS data; and (3) a modified version of a FORTRAN subroutine to be used by COAMPS. The MODIS data files are processed to reformat them into a compressed American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) format used by COAMPS for efficient processing.

Fitzpatrick, Patrick; Tran, Nam; Li, Yongzuo; Anantharaj, Valentine

2007-01-01

438

Proceeding of the 4th international conference on stability and handling of liquid fuels  

SciTech Connect

This Association provides an open forum for the exchange of ideas, information, and experience relative to refined petroleum products, crude oil, and fuels derived from shale, tar sands, and coal. The problems of instability, incompatibility, and contamination in liquid fuel storage and handling are discussed here. Specific topics outlined in Volume I are: Underground and Strategic Storage, Microbial Aspects of Petroleum Handling and Storage, Incompatibility, Thermal Stability of Aviation Turbine Fuels, Stability of Products other than Aviation Turbine Fuel, Handling Considerations in Fuel Instability.

Giles, H.N. (ed.)

1992-01-01

439

Music Training, Cognition, and Personality  

PubMed Central

Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality.

Corrigall, Kathleen A.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Misura, Nicole M.

2013-01-01

440

48 CFR 1852.211-70 - Packaging, handling, and transportation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Packaging, handling, and transportation. 1852...Provisions and Clauses 1852.211-70 Packaging, handling, and transportation. ...404-70, insert the following clause: Packaging, Handling, and Transportation...

2013-10-01

441

Can computer personalities be human personalities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study demonstrates that (1) computer personalities can be easily created using a minimal set of cues, and (2) that people will respond to these personalities in the same way they would respond to similar human personalities. The present study focuses on the “simikirityattraction hypothesis,” which predicts that people will prefer to interact with others who are similar in

Clifford Nass; Youngme Moon; B. J. Fogg; Byron Reeves; Chris Dryer

1995-01-01

442

To Jointly Negotiate a Personal Decision: A Qualitative Study on Information Literacy Practices in Midwifery Counselling about Contraceptives at Youth Centres in Southern Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The study is part of a project in which young women's evaluation of information sources before choosing a contraceptive is studied. It focuses on young women meeting midwives for counselling about contraceptives. Conversations are information literacy practices with both parties negotiating about needed and appropriate information on…

Eckerdal, Johanna Rivano

2011-01-01

443

Thermodynamic processes associated with frostbite in the handling of liquid nitrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is often taught that exposure to liquid nitrogen will cause frostbite or more severe damage to exposed skin tissue. However, it is also demonstrated that a full hand can be briefly immersed in liquid nitrogen without damage. To better understand and possibly visualize the effects of human tissue exposure to liquid nitrogen, a series of tests were conducted using simulated hands and arms composed of molded gelatin forms. The simulated hands and arms were immersed, sprayed, or splashed with liquid nitrogen both with and without state of the art personal protective equipment. Thermocouples were located within the test articles to allow for thermal mapping during the freezing process. The study is aimed to help understand frostbite hazards and the time constants involved with the handling of liquid nitrogen to improve future safety protocols for the safe handling of cryogenic fluids. Results of the testing also show the limits to handling liquid nitrogen while using various means of protection.

Johnson, W. L.; Cook, C. R.

2014-01-01

444

Remote-Handled Transuranic Content Codes  

SciTech Connect

The Remote-Handled Transuranic (RH-TRU) Content Codes (RH-TRUCON) document representsthe development of a uniform content code system for RH-TRU waste to be transported in the 72-Bcask. It will be used to convert existing waste form numbers, content codes, and site-specificidentification codes into a system that is uniform across the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites.The existing waste codes at the sites can be grouped under uniform content codes without any lossof waste characterization information. The RH-TRUCON document provides an all-encompassing|description for each content code and compiles this information for all DOE sites. Compliance withwaste generation, processing, and certification procedures at the sites (outlined in this document foreach content code) ensures that prohibited waste forms are not present in the waste. The contentcode gives an overall description of the RH-TRU waste material in terms of processes and|packaging, as well as the generation location. This helps to provide cradle-to-grave traceability ofthe waste material so that the various actions required to assess its qualification as payload for the72-B cask can be performed. The content codes also impose restrictions and requirements on themanner in which a payload can be assembled.The RH-TRU Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (RH-TRAMPAC), Appendix 1.3.7of the 72-B Cask Safety Analysis Report (SAR), describes the current governing procedures|applicable for the qualification of waste as payload for the 72-B cask. The logic for this|classification is presented in the 72-B Cask SAR. Together, these documents (RH-TRUCON,|RH-TRAMPAC, and relevant sections of the 72-B Cask SAR) present the foundation and|justification for classifying RH-TRU waste into content codes. Only content codes described in thisdocument can be considered for transport in the 72-B cask. Revisions to this document will be madeas additional waste qualifies for transport. |Each content code uniquely identifies the generated waste and provides a system for tracking theprocess and packaging history. Each content code begins with a two-letter site abbreviation thatindicates the shipper of the RH-TRU waste. The site-specific letter designations for each of the|DOE sites are provided in Table 1. Not all of the sites listed in Table 1 have generated/stored RH-|TRU waste.

Washington TRU Solutions

2001-08-01

445

Renal handling of terephthalic acid  

SciTech Connect

By use of the Sperber in vivo chicken preparation method, infusion of radiolabeled terephthalic acid ((/sup 14/C)TPA) into the renal portal circulation revealed a first-pass excretion of the unchanged compound into the urine. This model was utilized further to characterize the excretory transport of (/sup 14/C)TPA and provide information on the structural specificity in the secretion of dicarboxylic acids. At an infusion rate of 0.4 nmol/min. 60% of the (/sup 14/C)TPA which reached the kidney was directly excreted. An infusion rate of 3 or 6 mumol/min resulted in complete removal of (/sup 14/C)TPA by the kidney. These results indicate that TPA is both actively secreted and actively reabsorbed when infused at 0.4 nmol/min and that active reabsorption is saturated with the infusion of TPA at higher concentrations. The secretory process was saturated with the infusion of TPA at 40 mumol/mn. The excretory transport of TPA was inhibited by the infusion of probenecid, salicylate, and m-hydroxybenzoic acid, indicating that these organic acids share the same organic anion excretory transport process. m-Hydroxybenzoic acid did not alter the simultaneously measured excretory transport of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH), suggesting that there are different systems involved in the secretion of TPA and PAH. The structural specificity for renal secretion of dicarboxylic acids was revealed by the use of o-phthalic acid and m-phthalic acid as possible inhibitors of TPA secretion.

Tremaine, L.M.; Quebbemann, A.J.

1985-01-01

446

Statistical analysis of personal radiofrequency electromagnetic field measurements with nondetects.  

PubMed

Exposimeters are increasingly applied in bioelectromagnetic research to determine personal radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure. The main advantages of exposimeter measurements are their convenient handling for study participants and the large amount of personal exposure data, which can be obtained for several RF-EMF sources. However, the large proportion of measurements below the detection limit is a challenge for data analysis. With the robust ROS (regression on order statistics) method, summary statistics can be calculated by fitting an assumed distribution to the observed data. We used a preliminary sample of 109 weekly exposimeter measurements from the QUALIFEX study to compare summary statistics computed by robust ROS with a naïve approach, where values below the detection limit were replaced by the value of the detection limit. For the total RF-EMF exposure, differences between the naïve approach and the robust ROS were moderate for the 90th percentile and the arithmetic mean. However, exposure contributions from minor RF-EMF sources were considerably overestimated with the naïve approach. This results in an underestimation of the exposure range in the population, which may bias the evaluation of potential exposure-response associations. We conclude from our analyses that summary statistics of exposimeter data calculated by robust ROS are more reliable and more informative than estimates based on a naïve approach. Nevertheless, estimates of source-specific medians or even lower percentiles depend on the assumed data distribution and should be considered with caution. PMID:18421711

Röösli, Martin; Frei, Patrizia; Mohler, Evelyn; Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte; Bürgi, Alfred; Fröhlich, Jürg; Neubauer, Georg; Theis, Gaston; Egger, Matthias

2008-09-01

447

Handling Qualities Implications for Crewed Spacecraft Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstract Handling qualities embody those qualities or characteristics of an aircraft that govern the ease and precision with which a pilot is able to perform the tasks required in support of an aircraft role. These same qualities are as critical, if not more so, in the operation of spacecraft. A research, development, test, and evaluation process was put into effect to identify, understand, and interpret the engineering and human factors principles which govern the pilot-vehicle dynamic system as they pertain to space exploration missions and tasks. Toward this objective, piloted simulations were conducted at the NASA Langley Research Center and Ames Research Center for earth-orbit proximity operations and docking and lunar landing. These works provide broad guidelines for the design of spacecraft to exhibit excellent handling characteristics. In particular, this work demonstrates how handling qualities include much more than just stability and control characteristics of a spacecraft or aircraft. Handling qualities are affected by all aspects of the pilot-vehicle dynamic system, including the motion, visual and aural cues of the vehicle response as the pilot performs the required operation or task. A holistic approach to spacecraft design, including the use of manual control, automatic control, and pilot intervention/supervision is described. The handling qualities implications of design decisions are demonstrated using these pilot-in-the-loop evaluations of docking operations and lunar landings.

Bailey, Randall E.; Jackson, E. Bruce; Arthur, J. J.

2012-01-01

448

Livestock handling--minimizing worker injuries.  

PubMed

Numerous hazards may occur on farms raising livestock. Animal contact is often ranked as the first or second leading cause of injuries on the farm. In addition to direct trauma from the animal, other injuries may occur from injection of medications, chemical splashes from cleaning the facility, and repetitive motion injuries. Exposures to toxic gases from decomposition of animal waste such as in manure pits and exposure to animal allergens may cause adverse health effects in humans. One additional consideration is the risk of developing various zoonotic infections. Human injuries happen more often when people are handling animals than during any other activity performed in pork production. The National Pork Board of the United States, in response to a request from pork producers, has developed a program designed to improve worker safety, pig welfare, and pork quality when pigs are moved for whatever reason. The objective of the Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) program is to help all those who transport, produce, or handle swine to do so in a way that is optimal for the pigs' well-being, the health of the handler, and to improve the quality of the pork produced. Understanding basic pig behavior, proper handling practices, and using proper handling equipment will help animal handling be a safe activity. This paper was prepared for the Agricultural Safety and Health Council of America/National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Conference, "Be Safe, Be Profitable: Protecting Workers in Agriculture," January 27-28, 2010, Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas. PMID:20665308

Langley, Ricky L; Morrow, W E Morgan

2010-07-01

449

Implementing personalized cancer care.  

PubMed

Implementing personalized cancer care requires a sound understanding of cancer genomics, familiarity with the analytical methods used to study cancer, knowledge of the mechanisms of action of targeted drugs, and ways to assimilate and understand complex data sets. Perhaps the greatest challenge is obtaining the drugs predicted to be beneficial based on the genomic profile of a patient's tumour. A potential solution is creation of a national facilitated access programme and registry for off-label use of targeted anti-cancer drugs. Within such a programme, patients could receive the targeted agent matched to the genomic profile of their tumour. Physicians would receive guidance in interpretation of complex genomic tests and access to drugs. Pharmaceutical companies, payers and regulators would receive data on off-label drug and test use and clinical outcomes to inform their research and development plans and coverage decisions and to track real-world safety. Although recently launched prospective clinical trials will determine the true benefit of matching drugs to genomic alterations, the approach proposed here will facilitate delivery of personalized medicine services to participating patients while at the same time making observations that allow us to learn from each patient to inform clinical care and future research initiatives. PMID:24687035

Schilsky, Richard L

2014-07-01

450

Handling properties and thrombogenicity of microsutures.  

PubMed

The thrombogenicity and handling properties of 1 polypropylene and 2 polyamide 10-0 microsuture materials were evaluated in a paired comparative study in rats. Using a sequential analysis method with significance limits corresponding to 2 alpha = 0.05 and beta = 0.05, it was found that the handling properties of Supramide (polyamide) sutures were better than those of Prolene (polypropylene), and that the handling properties of Prolene did not differ from those of Nylon (polyamide). Also using a sequential analysis method with significant limits corresponding to 2 alpha = 0.05 and beta = 0.02, it was found that thrombogenicity of Prolene was significantly less than the thrombogenicity of Supramide and Nylon. It is concluded that Prolene is the microsuture of choice among the three materials tested. PMID:7241044

Krag, C; Larsen, J; Reumert, T

1981-03-01

451

Personal Cloud Computing Security Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is an evolving term these days. It describes the advance of many existing IT technologies and separates application and information resources from the underlying infrastructure. Personal Cloud is the hybrid deployment model that is combined private cloud and public cloud. By and large, cloud orchestration does not exist today. Current cloud service is provided by web browser or

Sang-Ho Na; Jun-Young Park; Eui-nam Huh

2010-01-01

452

Interoperability in Personalized Adaptive Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personalized adaptive learning requires semantic-based and context-aware systems to manage the Web knowledge efficiently as well as to achieve semantic interoperability between heterogeneous information resources and services. The technological and conceptual differences can be bridged either by means of standards or via approaches based on the…

Aroyo, Lora; Dolog, Peter; Houben, Geert-Jan; Kravcik, Milos; Naeve, Ambjorn; Nilsson, Mikael; Wild, Fridolin

2006-01-01

453

Viewing Personal Data over Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Desktop search applications are changing the way we interact with personal information: we have a choice of whether to view files within their traditional siloed hierarchies, or brought together in search results. In this position paper, we discuss the advantages of temporal ordering of desktop search results, and present an interface that aggregates search results over time. Author Keywords Desktop

Sonja Knoll; Aaron Hoff; Danyel Fisher; Susan Dumais; Ed Cutrell

454

Observation metadata handling system at the European Southern Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the design of the system for handling observations metadata at the Science Archive Facility of the European Southern Observatory using Sybase ASE, Replication Server and Sybase IQ. The system has been reengineered to enhance the browsing capabilities of Archive contents using searches on any observation parameter, for on-line updates on all parameters and for the on-the-fly introduction of those updates in files retrieved from the Archive. The systems also reduces the replication of duplicate information and simplifies database maintenance.

Dobrzycki, Adam; Brandt, Daniel; Giot, David; Lockhart, John; Rodriguez, Jesus; Rossat, Nathalie; Vuong, My Hà

2006-07-01

455

Basalt Waste Isolation Program remote handling system design description  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the design philosophy along with the functions and requirements of the spent fuel waste handling and servicing system for the Basalt Waste Isolation Program. This document includes recommended design features to be considered to meet specific design requirements, a listing of all major components, and problem areas identified at this time. These data are collected to provide the basis for the Basalt Waste Isolation Program System Design Description, and then further supplemented by information generated during the conceptual design or Title I phase of the program. 5 tabs.

Updyke, R.F.; Young, G. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (USA). Rocketdyne Div.)

1978-09-22

456

Uranium hexafluoride: Safe handling, processing, and transporting: Conference proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This conference seeks to provide a forum for the exchange of information and ideas of the safety aspects and technical issue related to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. By allowing operators, engineers, scientists, managers, educators, and others to meet and share experiences of mutual concern, the conference is also intended to provide the participants with a more complete knowledge of technical and operational issues. The topics for the papers in the proceedings are widely varied and include the results of chemical, metallurgical, mechanical, thermal, and analytical investigations, as well as the developed philosophies of operational, managerial, and regulatory guidelines. Papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Strunk, W.D.; Thornton, S.G. (eds.)

1988-01-01

457

Planetary sample rapid recovery and handling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods for recovering and cost effectively handling planetary samples following return to the vicinity of Earth were designed for planetary mission planners. Three topics are addressed: (1) a rough cost estimate was produced for each of a series of options for the handling of planetary samples following their return to the vicinity of Earth; (2) the difficulty of quickly retrieving planetary samples from low circular and high elliptical Earth orbit is assessed; and (3) a conceptual design for a biological isolation and thermal control system for the returned sample and spacecraft is developed.

1985-01-01

458

FUEL HANDLING FACILITY WORKER DOSE ASSESSMENT  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this design calculation is to estimate radiation doses received by personnel working in the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) of the Monitored Geological Repository (MGR). The FHF is a surface facility supporting waste handling operations i.e. receive transportation casks, transfer wastes, prepare waste packages, and ship out loaded waste packages and empty casks. The specific scope of work contained in this calculation covers both collective doses and individual worker group doses on an annual basis, and includes the contributions due to external and internal radiation. The results are also limited to normal operations only. Results of this calculation will be used to support the FHF design and License Application.

A. Achudume

2004-08-09

459

AVIRIS onboard data handling and control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The timing and flow of detector and ancillary data for the Airborne Visible/Infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) are controlled within the instrument by its digital electronics assembly. In addition to providing detector and signal chain timing, the digital electronics receives, formats, and rate-buffers digitized science data; collects and formats ancillary (calibration and engineering) data; and merges both into a single tape record. Overall AVIRIS data handling is effected by a combination of dedicated digital electronics to control instrument timing, image data flow, and data rate buffering and a microcomputer programmed to handle real-time control of instrument mechanisms and the coordinated preparation of ancillary data.

Steinkraus, Ronald E.; Hickok, Roger W.

1987-01-01

460

WASTE HANDLING BUILDING VENTILATION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Handling Building Ventilation System provides heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) for the contaminated, potentially contaminated, and uncontaminated areas of the Monitored Geologic Repository's (MGR) Waste Handling Building (WHB). In the uncontaminated areas, the non-confinement area ventilation system maintains the proper environmental conditions for equipment operation and personnel comfort. In the contaminated and potentially contaminated areas, in addition to maintaining the proper environmental conditions for equipment operation and personnel comfort, the contamination confinement area ventilation system directs potentially contaminated air away from personnel in the WHB and confines the contamination within high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration units. The contamination confinement areas ventilation system creates airflow paths and pressure zones to minimize the potential for spreading contamination within the building. The contamination confinement ventilation system also protects the environment and the public by limiting airborne releases of radioactive or other hazardous contaminants from the WHB. The Waste Handling Building Ventilation System is designed to perform its safety functions under accident conditions and other Design Basis Events (DBEs) (such as earthquakes, tornadoes, fires, and loss of the primary electric power). Additional system design features (such as compartmentalization with independent subsystems) limit the potential for cross-contamination within the WHB. The system provides status of important system parameters and equipment operation, and provides audible and/or visual indication of off-normal conditions and equipment failures. The Waste Handling Building Ventilation System confines the radioactive and hazardous material within the building such that the release rates comply with regulatory limits. The system design, operations, and maintenance activities incorporate ALARA (as low as is reasonably achievable) principles to maintain personnel radiation doses to all occupational workers below regulatory limits and as low as is reasonably achievable. The Waste Handling Building Ventilation System interfaces with the Waste Handling Building System by being located within the WHB and by maintaining specific pressures, temperatures, and humidity within the building. The system also depends on the WHB for water supply. The system interfaces with the Site Radiological Monitoring System for continuous monitoring of the exhaust air; the Waste Handling Building Fire Protection System for detection of fire and smoke; the Waste Handling Building Electrical System for normal, emergency, and standby power; and the Monitored Geologic Repository Operations Monitoring and Control System for monitoring and control of the system.

P.A. Kumar

2000-06-21

461

Systems thinking applied to safety during manual handling tasks in the transport and storage industry.  

PubMed

Injuries resulting from manual handling tasks represent an on-going problem for the transport and storage industry. This article describes an application of a systems theory-based approach, Rasmussen's (1997. Safety Science 27, 183), risk management framework, to the analysis of the factors influencing safety during manual handling activities in a freight handling organisation. Observations of manual handling activities, cognitive decision method interviews with workers (n=27) and interviews with managers (n=35) were used to gather information about three manual handling activities. Hierarchical task analysis and thematic analysis were used to identify potential risk factors and performance shaping factors across the levels of Rasmussen's framework. These different data sources were then integrated using Rasmussen's Accimap technique to provide an overall analysis of the factors influencing safety during manual handling activities in this context. The findings demonstrate how a systems theory-based approach can be applied to this domain, and suggest that policy-orientated, rather than worker-orientated, changes are required to prevent future manual handling injuries. PMID:24762830

Goode, Natassia; Salmon, Paul M; Lenné, Michael G; Hillard, Peter

2014-07-01

462

Preliminary Safety Design Report for Remote Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

A new onsite, remote-handled low-level waste disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled low-level waste disposal for remote-handled low-level waste from the Idaho National Laboratory and for nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled low-level waste in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This preliminary safety design report supports the design of a proposed onsite remote-handled low-level waste disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization, by discussing site characteristics that impact accident analysis, by providing the facility and process information necessary to support the hazard analysis, by identifying and evaluating potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled low-level waste, and by discussing the need for safety features that will become part of the facility design.

Timothy Solack; Carol Mason

2012-03-01

463

Personal Safety in Dangerous Places  

PubMed Central

Personal safety during fieldwork is seldom addressed directly in the literature. Drawing from many prior years of ethnographic research and from field experience while studying crack distributors in New York City, the authors provide a variety of strategies by which ethnographic research can be safely conducted in dangerous settings. By projecting an appropriate demeanor, ethnographers can seek others for protector and locator roles, routinely create a safety zone in the field, and establish compatible field roles with potential subjects. The article also provides strategies for avoiding or handling sexual approaches, common law crimes, fights, drive-by shootings, and contacts with the police. When integrated with other standard qualitative methods, ethnographic strategies help to ensure that no physical harm comes to the field-worker and other staff members. Moreover, the presence of researchers may actually reduce (and not increase) potential and actual violence among crack distributors/abusers or others present in the field setting.

Williams, Terry; Dunlap, Eloise; Johnson, Bruce D.; Hamid, Ansley

2009-01-01

464

Brief Report Let me read your mind: Personality judgments based on a person's natural stream of thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research on the accuracy of personality judgments has largely focused on person perception scenarios that are public in nature (e.g., face-to-face interactions, personal websites). This study investigated the accuracy of personality judgments on the basis of highly private information: a per- son's natural stream of thought. Nine naive judges rated the personality of 90 targets on the basis of

Shannon E. Holleran; Matthias R. Mehl

465

Safe patient handling curriculum in occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant programs: A descriptive study of school curriculum within the United States of America.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify safe patient handling (SPH) curricular content in accredited occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant programs in the United States of America. A survey was emailed to 155 accredited occupational therapy and 137 accredited occupational therapy assistant programs. With a 39% response rate, most programs addressed SPH curricula by including lectures and lab-based experiences with gait belts, slide boards, and manual transfers while stressing ‘safe’ body mechanics. There were limited responses regarding curricular-based hands-on experience, evaluation of sit-to-stand lifts, how to safely transfer bariatric persons, and information on “no-lift” policies. While occupational therapists have a central role in teaching SPH to caregivers, it is important to enhance SPH curricula to reduce exposure to musculoskeletal risk, thereby, increasing the health and safety of the occupational therapy workforce as well those whom the profession serves. PMID:22741190

Slusser, Lisa R; Rice, Martin S; Miller, Barbara Kopp

2012-01-01

466

Capturing abnormal personality with normal personality inventories: an item response theory approach.  

PubMed

Correlational and factor-analytic methods indicate that abnormal and normal personality constructs may be tapping the same underlying latent trait. However, they do not systematically demonstrate that measures of abnormal personality capture more extreme ranges of the latent trait than measures of normal range personality. Item Response Theory (IRT) methods, in contrast, do provide this information. In the present study, we use IRT methods to evaluate the range of the latent trait assessed with a normal personality measure and a measure of psychopathy as one example of an abnormal personality construct. Contrary to the expectation that the measure of psychopathy would be more extreme than the measure of normal personality traits, the measures overlapped substantially in terms of the regions of the latent trait for which they provide information. Moreover, both types of inventories were limited in terms of measurement bandwidth, such that they did not provide information across the entire latent trait continuum. Implications and future directions are discussed. PMID:19012660

Walton, Kate E; Roberts, Brent W; Krueger, Robert F; Blonigen, Daniel M; Hicks, Brian M

2008-12-01

467

A Case for Personal Financial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that personal financial literacy is a critical area for consumers and that many are not knowledgeable about personal financial management concepts. Includes information on when it should be taught and the topics to be included as well as resources and teaching suggestions. (JOW)

Mundrake, George A.; Brown, Betty J.

2001-01-01

468

Personal Narratives and Policy: Never the Twain?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the extent to which stories and personal narratives can and should be used to inform education policy is examined. A range of studies describable as story or personal narrative is investigated. They include life-studies, life-writing, life history, narrative analysis, and the representation of lives. We use "auto/biography" as a…

Griffiths, Morwenna; Macleod, Gale

2008-01-01

469

Designing for privacy in personal learning spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of a study of information sharing behaviour of the users of a personal learning space. Our study uses grounded theory methodology and involves 12 K12 students who have used a personal learning space for over a year. The resulting grounded theory suggests that users’ preferences regarding privacy of their artefacts in such an environment depends on

M. Najafian Razavi; L. Iverson

2007-01-01

470

Remote-handled transuranic system assessment appendices. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2 of this report contains six appendices to the report: Inventory and generation of remote-handled transuranic waste; Remote-handled transuranic waste site storage; Characterization of remote-handled transuranic waste; RH-TRU waste treatment alternatives system analysis; Packaging and transportation study; and Remote-handled transuranic waste disposal alternatives.

NONE

1995-11-01

471

The influence of handling qualities on safety and survivability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The relationship of handling qualities to safety and survivability of military aircraft is examined which includes the following: (1) a brief discussion of the philosophy used in the military specifications for treatment of degraded handling qualities, (2) an examination of several example handling qualities problem areas which influence safety and survivability; and (3) a movie illustrating the potential dangers of inadequate handling qualities features.

Anderson, S. B.

1977-01-01

472

7 CFR 948.8 - Handle or ship.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Handle or ship. 948.8 Section 948.8 Agriculture Regulations...Regulating Handling Definitions § 948.8 Handle or ship. Handle or ship means to transport, sell, or in any way to...

2014-01-01

473

7 CFR 927.8 - Ship or handle.  

...Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Ship or handle. 927.8 Section 927.8 Agriculture...Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 927.8 Ship or handle. Ship or handle means to sell, deliver, consign,...

2014-01-01

474

Progress in Civil Tilt-Rotor Handling Qualities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Travellers should expect future transport aircraft to have excellent handling qualities. With the levels of augmentation available from active control, under normal circumstances, no task should require more than minimal pilot workload. Good handling underpins flight safety and validated criteria underpin good handling. This paper reports progress in the development of Handling Qualities criteria for a civil tilt rotor aircraft.

Gareth D. Padfield; Michael Meyer

2006-01-01

475

Discovering the Hidden Person.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working from normalization theory, uses a graphical metaphor to illustrate the liberation of the "hidden self." Explains the layers of the metaphor, the "false person," the "intelligent, rational person," and the "hidden person," and offers several ways educators can work to uncover the layers surrounding the hidden person. (EV)

Zener, Rita; Ezcurdia, Laura Noriega

1997-01-01

476

Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Land Withdrawal Act (LWA), Public Law 102-579, requires that a study be conducted of remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste prior to initial receipt of waste in WIPP. In addition, the DOE considers the study to ...

1995-01-01

477

7 CFR 948.387 - Handling regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inches minimum diameter or 4 ounces minimum weight. However, Size B may be handled if U.S. No. 1 grade. (b) Maturity (skinning) requirementsâAll Varieties. During the period beginning July 1 and ending December 31 each season for U.S. No. 2...

2009-01-01

478

Upgrading and refurbishing coal-handling systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case histories presented at the Coal Technology '82 meetings are singled out in this article as examples of integrated attacks on coal-handling problems. At the Ohio Edison Co. Sammis Plant the conveyor passed over a public highway, and fugitive coal rained on passing vehicles. Four belt cleaners and a modified gas reducer were installed. Belt-cleaning systems were then installed throughout

Strauss

1983-01-01

479

Dry ash handling system for an incinerator  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes an ash handling system, comprising: a sealable vehicle chamber openable at two ends and including a burn-out chamber with an air opening; an ash chute entering the vehicle chamber and having a negative air pressure; and an ash car positionable under the ash chute in the vehicle chamber, receiving ash from the chute and having an air

1988-01-01

480

Towards a Microfluidic Platform for Cell Handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our capabilities in design, fabrication and testing of microfluidic chips for cell- handling and separation. A rapid prototyping process, based on soft embossing in thermoplastic substrates enables the fast and cost-efficient fabrication of up to several tens of identical chips as pre-stage to later micro injection molding. As an application example, we present a passive microfluidic chip

H. Höfemann; T. Borchardt; C. Cupelli; R. Gronmaier; C. Müller; S. Haeberle; R. Zengerle

481

340 waste handling facility interim safety basis  

SciTech Connect

This document presents an interim safety basis for the 340 Waste Handling Facility classifying the 340 Facility as a Hazard Category 3 facility. The hazard analysis quantifies the operating safety envelop for this facility and demonstrates that the facility can be operated without a significant threat to onsite or offsite people.

VAIL, T.S.

1999-04-01

482

Math Model for Naval Ship Handling Trainer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes the math model for an experimental ship handling trainer. The training task is that of a replenishment operation at sea. The model includes equations for ship dynamics of a destroyer, propeller-engine response times, ship separation, interaction effects between supply ship and destroyer, and outputs to a visual display system.…

Golovcsenko, Igor V.

483

ISO 10002 Complaints Handling System: a study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the ISO 10002: 2004 standard from the perspective of its context within the ISO 10001\\/2\\/3 triad of customer satisfaction complaint system and ISO 9001 quality management system standards, its complaints handling content, and the standard's applicability in a public electrical utility. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A summary of the

Susan Hughes; Stanislav Karapetrovic

2006-01-01

484

Guidance Counsellor Strategies for Handling Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to examine how guidance counsellors in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador would handle a specific verbal-relational bullying incident. Also of interest was guidance counsellor involvement and training in bullying programmes and Positive Behaviour Supports. Data for this study was…

Power-Elliott, Michleen; Harris, Gregory E.

2012-01-01

485

Handling Multiple Objectives With Particle Swarm Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach in which Pareto dominance is incorporated into particle swarm optimization (PSO) in order to allow this heuristic to handle problems with several objective functions. Unlike other current proposals to extend PSO to solve multiobjective optimization problems, our algorithm uses a secondary (i.e., external) repository of particle