Harmonic Analysis in Mathematics James Arthur
Casselman, William
radiation in which the physical or geometric properties of the equipment govern the wave lengthsHarmonic Analysis in Mathematics James Arthur Harmonic analysis in musicis the studyof chords,and of how they are used in combination to create musical effects.Harmonic analysis in mathematics takes
The harmonic oscillator and nuclear physics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rowe, D. J.
1993-01-01
The three-dimensional harmonic oscillator plays a central role in nuclear physics. It provides the underlying structure of the independent-particle shell model and gives rise to the dynamical group structures on which models of nuclear collective motion are based. It is shown that the three-dimensional harmonic oscillator features a rich variety of coherent states, including vibrations of the monopole, dipole, and quadrupole types, and rotations of the rigid flow, vortex flow, and irrotational flow types. Nuclear collective states exhibit all of these flows. It is also shown that the coherent state representations, which have their origins in applications to the dynamical groups of the simple harmonic oscillator, can be extended to vector coherent state representations with a much wider range of applicability. As a result, coherent state theory and vector coherent state theory become powerful tools in the application of algebraic methods in physics.
Boris Troyanovsky; Zhiping Yu; Robert W. Dutton
2000-01-01
Harmonic balance is a popular technique for simulating large-signal harmonic and intermodulation distortion in RF and microwave circuits. In this paper, we present algorithms which extend the applicability of harmonic balance to physics-based semiconductor device analysis. The algorithms presented here have been implemented in the PISCES-II device simulator, and have been used to simulate a wide variety of RF and
Topics in affine and discrete harmonic analysis
Hickman, Jonathan Edward
2015-07-01
In this thesis a number of problems in harmonic analysis of a geometric flavour are discussed and, in particular, the Lebesgue space mapping properties of certain averaging and Fourier restriction operators are studied. ...
Spherical Harmonic Analysis via Bayesian Inference
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Muir, J. B.; Tkalcic, H.
2014-12-01
The real spherical harmonics form a compact, simple and commonly used set of basis functions for describing fields in tomographic inverse problems. It is therefore often useful to perform spherical harmonic analysis on data to represent it in the spherical harmonic parametrisation. Most existing algorithms, based on Fourier transforms, require that data be interpolated to a regular grid; this is not appropriate for the sparse, irregularly distributed data found in many geophysical applications. Instead, this work casts the problem of spherical harmonic analysis as an inverse problem, and applies the methods of Bayesian inference to overcome regularization problems in the inversion. This allows irregular data to be easily handled, and directly provides error estimates for the inverted spherical harmonic parameters. Synthetic tests have shown that this method easily handles relatively large amounts of added Gaussian noise. So far, this method has been applied to estimate the power in each harmonic degree for tomographic maps of the deep mantle based on PKP-PKIKP and PcP-P differential travel times, showing that they agree at global length scales despite local heterogeneity results being heavily influenced by data coverage. This potentially allows for simple heuristic arguments to constrain the global variation in core-mantle boundary topography based on the similarity between PKP and PcP derived tomographic maps.
Reconstruction of local neutron physical functionals in surface harmonics method
Boyarinov, V. F., E-mail: Boyarinov@dhtp.kiae.ru; Nevinitsa, V. A., E-mail: Neva@dhtp.kiae.ru [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)
2010-12-15
Formulas for reconstruction of local neutron physical functionals for a three-stage calculation of a 2D VVER-1000 core using the surface harmonics method are obtained, implemented in the SUHAM code, and verified.
Lunar gravity - A harmonic analysis
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ferrari, A. J.
1977-01-01
A sixteenth-degree and sixteenth-order spherical harmonic lunar gravity field has been derived from the long-term Keplerian variations in the orbits of the Apollo subsatellites and Lunar Orbiter 5. This model resolves the major mascon gravity anomalies of the lunar near side and is in very good agreement with line-of-sight acceleration results. The far-side map shows the major ringed basins to be strong localized negative anomalies located in broad regions of positive gravity which correspond closely to the highlands. The rms pressure levels calculated from equivalent-surface height variations show that the moon and earth support nearly equal pressures, whereas Mars is appreciably stronger. The moon appears to support larger loads than earth owing to its weaker central gravity field and perhaps a colder upper lithosphere. Significant differences between the low-degree gravity and topography spectra indicate that the longer-wavelength topographic features are isostatically compensated.
Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases
Maggioni, Mauro
Harmonic Analysis and Geometries of Digital Data Bases AMS Session Special Sesson, 2010 () Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 1 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph, Gavish) Harmonic Analysis of Data Bases January 14, 2010 2 / 41 #12;Local geometry described by a graph
A harmonic analysis of lunar topography
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bills, B. G.; Ferrari, A. J.
1977-01-01
A global lunar topographic map has been derived from existing earth-based and orbital observations supplemented in areas without data by a linear autocovariance predictor. Of 2592 bins, each 5 deg square, 1380 (64.7% by area) contain at least one measurement. A spherical harmonic analysis to degree 12 yields a mean radius of 1737.53 plus or minus 0.03 km (formal standard error) and an offset of the center of figure of 1.98 plus or minus 0.06 km toward (19 plus or minus 2) deg S, (194 plus or minus 1) deg E. A Bouguer gravity map, derived from a 12-degree free-air gravity model and the present topography data, is presented for an elevation of 100 km above the mean surface. It is confirmed that the low-degree gravity harmonics are determined primarily by surface height variations and only secondarily by lateral density variations.
The physical librations of the moon, including higher harmonic effects
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kaula, W. M.; Baxa, P. A.
1973-01-01
The equations of the physical libration of the moon are developed using a representation of the earth-moon orbit as a Kepler ellipse referred to the lunar equator and expanding the lunar potential in terms of these Kepler elements. The Improved Lunar Ephemeris is used to calculate solar perturbations, and a linear integration of all effects arising from lunar gravitational harmonics through the fourth degree is performed. Aside from unobservable constant offsets of the principal axes, the main effects of the higher harmonics on longitude are: 10-sec six-yearly (argument omega), 1.2-sec three-yearly, 0.5-sec annual, and 0.1-sec monthly; on pole direction they are on the order of 0.5-sec six-yearly and 1.0-sec monthly. The higher harmonics must hence be taken into account in analyzing ranging data of 10 cm accuracy.
Harmonic decomposition of orbit data for multipole analysis
Yang, M.-J.; /Fermilab
2005-05-01
This paper describes a simple analysis procedure that transforms a set of beamline orbit data into a set of harmonic orbits of first, second, and third order or higher. Each harmonic orbit can be studied individually to identify errors of the specific order with minimum interference from other orders. Effectively these are orbits caused by kicks, due to harmonic errors, propagated through linear lattice. Examples from accelerator study will be presented. The application and inherent limitations of this analysis procedure are discussed.
-okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free-
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
-okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free- Piston. #12;ORNL/CON-172 Engineering Technology Division* LINEAR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF FREE-PISTON STIRLING/dynamic problem that is associated with a free-piston Stirling engine (FPSE). The governing equations
Modular Approach to Physics: Simple Harmonic Motion - Weighted Spring
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This resource is a Java applet-based module relating to the simple harmonic motion produced by a block on a frictionless spring. It features a rich array of tools: motion graphs, energy graphs, vector components, reference circle, zoom toggle, and a data box that displays amplitude, angular frequency, displacement from equilibrium, phase angle, velocity, and acceleration of the oscillating block. Users control the spring constant, mass of the block, and amplitude of the oscillation. A comprehensive help section provides detailed directions and lesson ideas for instructors. This simulation is part of a larger collection of physics resources sponsored by the MAP project (Modular Approach to Physics).
Harmonic Analysis and Optimum Allocation of Filters in CSCT
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Golkhah, Mohammad; Bina, Mohammad Tavakoli
A new shunt reactive power compensator, CSCT, is presented and introduced in this paper. Mathematical analysis of harmonic content of the current of CSCT is performed and use of a winding with additional circuit has been presented as a solution to suppress these harmonics.
Volume 70A, number 2 PHYSICS LETTERS 19 February 1979 SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION IN SQUARIC ACID
Osnabrück, Universität
-dependent linked by hydrogen bonds to 4 neighbouring C404 optical second harmonic generation (SHG) in H2 SQ. groupsVolume 70A, number 2 PHYSICS LETTERS 19 February 1979 SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION IN SQUARIC ACID K-dependent optical second harmonic generation in squaric acid we conclude that no local sym- metry breaking occurs
Spherical Navigator Registration Using Harmonic Analysis for Prospective
Wyatt, Christopher
Spherical Navigator Registration Using Harmonic Analysis for Prospective Motion Correction C. L University School of Medicine Abstract. Spherical navigators are an attractive approach to motion compensation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Because they can be ac- quired quickly, spherical navigators have
Aerodynamic Analysis of Cup Anemometers Performance: The Stationary Harmonic Response
Pindado, Santiago; Cubas, Javier; Sanz-Andrés, Ángel
2013-01-01
The effect of cup anemometer shape parameters, such as the cups' shape, their size, and their center rotation radius, was experimentally analyzed. This analysis was based on both the calibration constants of the transfer function and the most important harmonic term of the rotor's movement, which due to the cup anemometer design is the third one. This harmonic analysis represents a new approach to study cup anemometer performances. The results clearly showed a good correlation between the average rotational speed of the anemometer's rotor and the mentioned third harmonic term of its movement. PMID:24381512
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Gurgiolo, Chris; Vinas, Adolfo F.
2009-01-01
This paper presents a spherical harmonic analysis of the plasma velocity distribution function using high-angular, energy, and time resolution Cluster data obtained from the PEACE spectrometer instrument to demonstrate how this analysis models the particle distribution function and its moments and anisotropies. The results show that spherical harmonic analysis produced a robust physical representation model of the velocity distribution function, resolving the main features of the measured distributions. From the spherical harmonic analysis, a minimum set of nine spectral coefficients was obtained from which the moment (up to the heat flux), anisotropy, and asymmetry calculations of the velocity distribution function were obtained. The spherical harmonic method provides a potentially effective "compression" technique that can be easily carried out onboard a spacecraft to determine the moments and anisotropies of the particle velocity distribution function for any species. These calculations were implemented using three different approaches, namely, the standard traditional integration, the spherical harmonic (SPH) spectral coefficients integration, and the singular value decomposition (SVD) on the spherical harmonic methods. A comparison among the various methods shows that both SPH and SVD approaches provide remarkable agreement with the standard moment integration method.
Quantum harmonic oscillator state synthesis and analysis
W. M. Itano; C. Monroe; D. M. Meekhof; D. Leibfried; B. E. King; D. J. Wineland
1997-02-19
Experiments are described in which a single, harmonically bound, beryllium ion in a Paul trap is put into Fock, thermal, coherent, squeezed, and Schroedinger cat states. Experimental determinations of the density matrix and the Wigner function are described. A simple calculation of the decoherence of a superposition of coherent states due to an external electric field is given.
Analysis of Different Harmonic and Intermodulation Distortions for CATV Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Singh, Sandeep; Kamaljit, Singh Bhatia; Anurag, Sharma; Kaur, Harsimrat
2015-06-01
In this paper, after examining all the basic design issues of CATV systems, prominent distortions like harmonic and intermodulation distortions are taken into account for different order. Besides outer distortions for CATV sources, inner distortion of relative intensity to noise is disabled for current analysis.
Some considerations on the Iterative Harmonic Analysis convergence
Carbone, R.; Fantauzzi, M.; Gagliardi, F.; Testa, A. . Electrical Engineering Dept.)
1993-04-01
The convergence difficulties of the Iterative Harmonic Analysis methodologies are considered. Two recently proposed techniques to improve IHA convergence are described and their applicability limits are analyzed. To overcome the aforementioned limits, a third new possible improvement technique is presented. A critical case-study is solved by means of IHA and the three improvement techniques, and the results are analyzed and discussed.
High-Speed Video Analysis of Damped Harmonic Motion
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Poonyawatpornkul, J.; Wattanakasiwich, P.
2013-01-01
In this paper, we acquire and analyse high-speed videos of a spring-mass system oscillating in glycerin at different temperatures. Three cases of damped harmonic oscillation are investigated and analysed by using high-speed video at a rate of 120 frames s[superscript -1] and Tracker Video Analysis (Tracker) software. We present empirical data for…
Circular current loops, magnetic dipoles and spherical harmonic analysis.
Alldredge, L.R.
1980-01-01
Spherical harmonic analysis (SHA) is the most used method of describing the Earth's magnetic field, even though spherical harmonic coefficients (SHC) almost completely defy interpretation in terms of real sources. Some moderately successful efforts have been made to represent the field in terms of dipoles placed in the core in an effort to have the model come closer to representing real sources. Dipole sources are only a first approximation to the real sources which are thought to be a very complicated network of electrical currents in the core of the Earth. -Author
A harmonic analysis of lunar gravity
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bills, B. G.; Ferrari, A. J.
1980-01-01
An improved model of lunar global gravity has been obtained by fitting a sixteenth-degree harmonic series to a combination of Doppler tracking data from Apollo missions 8, 12, 15, and 16, and Lunar Orbiters 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, and laser ranging data to the lunar surface. To compensate for the irregular selenographic distribution of these data, the solution algorithm has also incorporated a semi-empirical a priori covariance function. Maps of the free-air gravity disturbance and its formal error are presented, as are free-air anomaly and Bouguer anomaly maps. The lunar gravitational variance spectrum has the form V(G; n) = O(n to the -4th power), as do the corresponding terrestrial and martian spectra. The variance spectra of the Bouguer corrections (topography converted to equivalent gravity) for these bodies have the same basic form as the observed gravity; and, in fact, the spectral ratios are nearly constant throughout the observed spectral range for each body. Despite this spectral compatibility, the correlation between gravity and topography is generally quite poor on a global scale.
Bak, Claus Leth
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active. (2015). Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis and Active Mitigation Methods from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Harmonic Resonances in Wind Power Plants: Modeling, Analysis
Mark W. Coffey
2008-12-09
We evaluate binomial series with harmonic number coefficients, providing recursion relations, integral representations, and several examples. The results are of interest to analytic number theory, the analysis of algorithms, and calculations of theoretical physics, as well as other applications.
NEW ESTIMATES IN HARMONIC ANALYSIS FOR MIXED LEBESGUE SPACES
Ward, Erika L.
2010-07-16
of the following dissertation: NEW ESTIMATES IN HARMONIC ANALYSIS FOR MIXED LEBESGUE SPACES Committee: Rodolfo Torres, Chairperson Estela Gavosto William Paschke Antanas Stefanov James Orr Date approved: 12 July 2010 2 to my parents 3 Contents Abstract 6... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 1.4 Wavelets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2 Littlewood-Paley theory 29 2.1 Schur’s test for Banach spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2.2 Vector-valued Calder´on-Zygmund theorem for mixed...
BAYESIAN ANALYSIS OF MULTIPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE SOLAR CORONA
Arregui, I.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Diaz, A. J., E-mail: iarregui@iac.es [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)
2013-03-01
The detection of multiple mode harmonic kink oscillations in coronal loops enables us to obtain information on coronal density stratification and magnetic field expansion using seismology inversion techniques. The inference is based on the measurement of the period ratio between the fundamental mode and the first overtone and theoretical results for the period ratio under the hypotheses of coronal density stratification and magnetic field expansion of the wave guide. We present a Bayesian analysis of multiple mode harmonic oscillations for the inversion of the density scale height and magnetic flux tube expansion under each of the hypotheses. The two models are then compared using a Bayesian model comparison scheme to assess how plausible each one is given our current state of knowledge.
Journal of Functional Analysis 215 (2004) 399426 Harmonic functions of subordinate killed
Song, Renming
2004-01-01
Journal of Functional Analysis 215 (2004) 399426 Harmonic functions of subordinate killed Brownian In this paper we study harmonic functions of subordinate killed Brownian motion in a domain D: We first prove that, when the killed Brownian semigroup in D is intrinsic ultracontractive, all nonnegative harmonic
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Noormohammadi, N.; Boroomand, B.
2014-09-01
In this paper we present a new meshless method to solve well-known problems in physics and engineering with either constant or variable material properties in 2D space. Harmonic and bi-harmonic problems are considered in this paper. The method constructs a set of basis functions, called Equilibrated Basis Functions (EqBFs), through a weighted residual integration over a fictitious domain embedding the main one. The bases can satisfy the governing partial differential equations approximately. Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind are employed to construct the EqBFs and exponential functions are used as the weights in the integrals. The parameters of the solution are arranged so that all the integrals can be decomposed into much simpler 1D ones over a normalized intervals. This reduces the computational efforts significantly. Either the EqBFs or the results of the integration process may be stored for further use. The validity of the results is examined through an extended patch test. A set of physical sample problems with variable/non-variable material properties; as the potential flow over a cylinder, steady-state heat conduction problems in an anisotropic inhomogeneous functionally graded material, potential and stokes flow through a channel of finite width obstructed by periodic cylinders, and the bending of thin elastic plates having constant or variable thickness are solved to demonstrate the capabilities of the method. As a preliminary study, we show that the method may effectively be used in a domain decomposition approach.
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines
Bak, Claus Leth
Aalborg Universitet Harmonic Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines Analysis of Offshore Wind Farms with Full Converter Wind Turbines. In Proceeding of the 8th International.aau.dk on: juli 06, 2015 #12; Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF
Gover, A.; Friedman, A.; Luccio, A.
1986-09-01
A full 3-D Analysis of super-radiant (bunched electron) free electron harmonic radiation is presented. A generalized form of the FEL pendulum equation was derived and numerically solved. Both spectral and phasor formulation were developed to treat the radiation in the time domain. In space the radiation field is expanded in terms of either a set of free space discrete modes or plane waves. The numerical solutions reveal some new distinctly 3-D effects to which we provide a physical explanation. 12 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.
Research of second harmonic generation images based on texture analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Yao; Li, Yan; Gong, Haiming; Zhu, Xiaoqin; Huang, Zufang; Chen, Guannan
2014-09-01
Texture analysis plays a crucial role in identifying objects or regions of interest in an image. It has been applied to a variety of medical image processing, ranging from the detection of disease and the segmentation of specific anatomical structures, to differentiation between healthy and pathological tissues. Second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy as a potential noninvasive tool for imaging biological tissues has been widely used in medicine, with reduced phototoxicity and photobleaching. In this paper, we clarified the principles of texture analysis including statistical, transform, structural and model-based methods and gave examples of its applications, reviewing studies of the technique. Moreover, we tried to apply texture analysis to the SHG images for the differentiation of human skin scar tissues. Texture analysis method based on local binary pattern (LBP) and wavelet transform was used to extract texture features of SHG images from collagen in normal and abnormal scars, and then the scar SHG images were classified into normal or abnormal ones. Compared with other texture analysis methods with respect to the receiver operating characteristic analysis, LBP combined with wavelet transform was demonstrated to achieve higher accuracy. It can provide a new way for clinical diagnosis of scar types. At last, future development of texture analysis in SHG images were discussed.
Identifying aquifer type in fractured rock aquifers using harmonic analysis.
Rahi, Khayyun A; Halihan, Todd
2013-01-01
Determining aquifer type, unconfined, semi-confined, or confined, by drilling or performing pumping tests has inherent problems (i.e., cost and complex field issues) while sometimes yielding inconclusive results. An improved method to cost-effectively determine aquifer type would be beneficial for hydraulic mapping of complex aquifer systems like fractured rock aquifers. Earth tides are known to influence water levels in wells penetrating confined aquifers or unconfined thick, low-porosity aquifers. Water-level fluctuations in wells tapping confined and unconfined aquifers are also influenced by changes in barometric pressure. Harmonic analyses of water-level fluctuations of a thick (~1000 m) carbonate aquifer located in south-central Oklahoma (Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer) were utilized in nine wells to identify aquifer type by evaluating the influence of earth tides and barometric-pressure variations using signal identification. On the basis of the results, portions of the aquifer responded hydraulically as each type of aquifer even though there was no significant variation in lithostratigraphy. The aquifer type was depth dependent with confined conditions becoming more prevalent with depth. The results demonstrate that harmonic analysis is an accurate and low-cost method to determine aquifer type. PMID:22463080
Data Compression and Harmonic Analysis D.L. Donoho, M. Vetterli,
DeVore, Ronald
Data Compression and Harmonic Analysis D.L. Donoho, M. Vetterli, R.A. DeVore, and I. Daubechies between harmonic analysis and data compression. The story goes back of course to Shannon's R(D) theory by block coding gives an optimal lossy compression technique; practical developments like transform- based
RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP
Yazici, Birsen
RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Evren Yarman of the projection slice theorem using harmonic analysis of the Euclidean motion group (M(N)). The Radon transform to new algo- rithms for the inversion of the Radon transform. 1. INTRODUCTION The Radon transform forms
EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP
Yazici, Birsen
EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Engineering Troy, NY ABSTRACT This paper presents a new method for the exponential Radon trans- form inversion based on harmonic analysis of the Euclidean mo- tion group (M(2)). The exponential Radon transform
Analysis of rotor vibratory loads using higher harmonic pitch control
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Quackenbush, Todd R.; Bliss, Donald B.; Boschitsch, Alexander H.; Wachspress, Daniel A.
1992-01-01
Experimental studies of isolated rotors in forward flight have indicated that higher harmonic pitch control can reduce rotor noise. These tests also show that such pitch inputs can generate substantial vibratory loads. The modification is summarized of the RotorCRAFT (Computation of Rotor Aerodynamics in Forward flighT) analysis of isolated rotors to study the vibratory loading generated by high frequency pitch inputs. The original RotorCRAFT code was developed for use in the computation of such loading, and uses a highly refined rotor wake model to facilitate this task. The extended version of RotorCRAFT incorporates a variety of new features including: arbitrary periodic root pitch control; computation of blade stresses and hub loads; improved modeling of near wake unsteady effects; and preliminary implementation of a coupled prediction of rotor airloads and noise. Correlation studies are carried out with existing blade stress and vibratory hub load data to assess the performance of the extended code.
Harmonic analysis on Cayley Trees II: the Bose Einstein condensation
Fidaleo, Francesco
2012-01-01
We investigate the Bose-Einstein Condensation on non homogeneous non amenable networks for the model describing arrays of Josephson junctions on perturbed Cayley Trees. The resulting topological model has also a mathematical interest in itself. The present paper is then the application to the Bose-Einstein Condensation phenomena, of the harmonic analysis aspects arising from additive and density zero perturbations, previously investigated by the author in a separate work. Concerning the appearance of the Bose-Einstein Condensation, the results are surprisingly in accordance with the previous ones, despite the lack of amenability. We indeed first show the following fact. Even when the critical density is finite (which is implied in all the models under consideration, thanks to the appearance of the hidden spectrum), if the adjacency operator of the graph is recurrent, it is impossible to exhibit temperature locally normal states (i.e. states for which the local particle density is finite) describing the conden...
Harmonic analysis of spacecraft power systems using a personal computer
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Williamson, Frank; Sheble, Gerald B.
1989-01-01
The effects that nonlinear devices such as ac/dc converters, HVDC transmission links, and motor drives have on spacecraft power systems are discussed. The nonsinusoidal currents, along with the corresponding voltages, are calculated by a harmonic power flow which decouples and solves for each harmonic component individually using an iterative Newton-Raphson algorithm. The sparsity of the harmonic equations and the overall Jacobian matrix is used to an advantage in terms of saving computer memory space and in terms of reducing computation time. The algorithm could also be modified to analyze each harmonic separately instead of all at the same time.
Kheruntsyan, Karen
2012-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 86, 023618 (2012) Two-body anticorrelation in a harmonically trapped ideal Bose in the second-order coherence function of a partially condensed ideal Bose gas in harmonic confinement-number fluctuation catastrophe of the ideal Bose gas. The anticorrelation is most pronounced in highly anisotropic
Harmonic analysis of the repulsion motor controlled via rotor triac
Ziyad M. Salameh; John W. Kilgo
1989-01-01
The authors investigate the harmonic contents of the stator current, rotor current, and rotor voltage of a repulsion motor controlled by a triac in the rotor circuit. The waveforms of these variables were generated and then analyzed numerically for their harmonic content using a Fourier series subroutine. The results were validated by comparison with experimental results. The analyses show that
A multiple deep attenuation frequency window for harmonic analysis in power systems
Daponte, P.; Falcomata, G. . Dept. di Elettronica Informatica e Sistemistica); Testa, A. . Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettrica)
1994-04-01
A novel window is presented and applied in electrical power system harmonic analysis. The goal of increasing the resolvability of low magnitude non-harmonic tones close in frequency to higher magnitude harmonics and the detectability of very low magnitude high frequency harmonics is pursued. The proposed window is derived from the Tseng window; its spectrum can be modeled in the synthesis stage and it is characterized by a narrow width main lobe and by sidelobes which are very low in correspondence to some specified frequencies. Numerical experiments demonstrate the performances and the usefulness of the new window in resolving periodic distorted waveforms in power systems.
Time-frequency analysis and Harmonic Gaussian Functions
Tokiniaina Ranaivoson; Raoelina Andriambololona; Rakotoson Hanitriarivo
2013-08-08
A method for time-frequency analysis is given. The approach utilizes properties of Gaussian distribution, properties of Hermite polynomials and Fourier analysis. We begin by the definitions of a set of functions called harmonic Gaussian functions. Then these functions are used to define a set of transformations,noted T_n, which associate to a function {\\psi},of the time variable t, a set of functions {\\Psi}_n which depend on time, frequency and frequency (or time) standard deviation. Some properties of the transformations T_n and the functions {\\Psi}_n are given. It is proved in particular that the square of the modulus of each function {\\Psi}_n can be interpreted as a representation of the energy distribution of the signal, represented by the function {\\psi}, in the time-frequency plane for a given value of the frequency (or time) standard deviation. It is also shown that the function {\\psi}, can be recovered from the functions{\\Psi}_n.
Harmonic analysis utilizing a Phonodeik and an Henrici analyzer
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fickinger, William J.; Hanson, Roger J.; Hoekje, Peter L.
2001-05-01
Dayton C. Miller of the Case School of Applied Science assembled a series of instruments for accurate analysis of sound [D. C. Miller, J. Franklin Inst. 182, 285-322 (1916)]. He created the Phonodeik to display and record sound waveforms of musical instruments, voices, fog horns, and so on. Waveforms were analyzed with the Henrici harmonic analyzer, built in Switzerland by G. Coradi. In this device, the motion of a stylus along the curve to be analyzed causes a series of spheres to rotate; two moveable rollers in contact with the nth sphere record the contributions of the sine(nx) and cosine(nx) components of the wave. Corrections for the measured spectra are calculated from analysis of the response of the Phonodeik. Finally, the original waveform could be reconstructed from the corrected spectral amplitudes and phases by a waveform synthesizer, also built at Case. Videos will be presented that show the motion of the gears, spheres, and dials of a working Henrici analyzer, housed at the Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology at the University of Iowa. Operation of the Henrici analyzer and the waveform synthesizer will be explained.
Analytic scaling analysis of high harmonic generation conversion efficiency
Falcao-Filho, Edilson L.
Closed form expressions for the high harmonic generation (HHG) conversion efficiency are obtained for the plateau and cutoff regions. The presented formulas eliminate most of the computational complexity related to HHG ...
Harmonic-Resonance Analysis in a Maglev Feeding System
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shigeeda, Hidenori; Okui, Akinobu; Akagi, Hirofumi
A feeding circuit for a superconducting magnetic levitation train system, or the so-called “maglev” consists of feeder cables and armature coils which show characteristics of a distributed-parameter line. Electric power is supplied to the cables and coils by PWM inverters whose output voltage contains a large amount of harmonics. As a result, a harmonic resonance may occur in the feeding circuit. Besides the above characteristics, the connecting point of sections (groups of armature coils) or the feeder cables length changes according to the movement of a maglev train, thus causing changes in the harmonic-resonance characteristics of the feeding circuit. This paper describes analytical results of the harmonic resonance in the feeding circuit for the maglev, with the focus on changes in the connecting point of sections and the feeder cables length.
Kung, Andy
Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance March 13, 2003) A model for the fifth-harmonic generation of pulsed IR lasers involving an external ring the relative effects of the pulse delay, input polarization, and orientation of the nonlinear crystals
R. R. Coifman
Our goal is to describe some of the mathematical challenges confronted, when dealing with massive data sets. We point out that the trend set in hard analysis by L Carleson, of integrating combinatorics with geometry and harmonic analysis, is a powerful guide in the context of analytic geometry of data. The task confronted by the scientist or engineer is to
Harmonic Analysis of the Cone Flicker ERG of Rabbit
Qian, Haohua; Alexander, Kenneth R.; Ripps, Harris
2010-01-01
Harmonic analysis was used to characterize the rabbit flicker ERG elicited by sinusoidally modulated full-field stimuli under light-adapted conditions. The frequency-response function for fundamental amplitude, derived from Fourier analysis of the ERG waveforms, exhibited two limbs, with an amplitude minimum at approximately 30 Hz, and a high-frequency region peaking at around 45 Hz and extending to more than 100 Hz at higher adapting levels. At low frequencies (< 20 Hz), the fundamental response amplitude was independent of mean luminance (Weber law behavior), whereas the response amplitude at high stimulus frequencies varied nonlinearly with mean luminance. At low frequencies, intravitreal administration of L-AP4, which blocks ON-pathway activity, reduced the fundamental response amplitude and produced a phase shift. On the other hand, PDA, which reduces OFF-pathway activity, had a minimal effect on both the response amplitude and phase at low frequencies. At high frequencies, L-AP4 increased the fundamental response amplitude at low mean luminances, whereas PDA had only a small effect on amplitude and phase. Both pharmacologic agents removed the minimum in the amplitude-frequency function as well as the abrupt change in phase at stimulus frequencies near 30 Hz. The results suggest that there is a nonlinear interaction between ON- and OFF-pathway activity over the entire stimulus frequency range examined in this study. These findings provide a basis for formulating protocols to evaluate the effect of pharmacologic agents and/or disease on the cone flicker ERG of rabbit. PMID:20974130
Harmonic analysis of iterated function systems with overlap
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jorgensen, Palle E. T.; Kornelson, Keri; Shuman, Karen
2007-08-01
An iterated function system (IFS) is a system of contractive mappings ?i:Y?Y, i =1,…,N (finite), where Y is a complete metric space. Every such IFS has a unique (up to scale) equilibrium measure (also called the Hutchinson measure ?), and we study the Hilbert space L2(? ). In this paper we extend previous work on IFSs without overlap. Our method involves systems of operators generalizing the more familiar Cuntz relations from operator algebra theory and from subband filter operators in signal processing. These Cuntz-like operator systems were used in recent papers on wavelet analysis by Baggett, Jorgensen, Merrill, and Packer [Contemp. Math. 345, 11-25 (2004)], where they serve as a first step to generating wavelet bases of Parseval type (alias normalized tight frames), i.e., wavelet bases with redundancy. Similarly, it was shown in work by Dutkay and Jorgensen [Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 22, 131-180 (2006)] that the iterative operator approach works well for generating wavelets on fractals from IFSs without overlap. But so far the more general and more difficult case of essential overlap has resisted previous attempts at a harmonic analysis and explicit basis constructions, in particular. The operators generating the appropriate Cuntz relations are composition operators, e.g., Fi:f?f??i, where (?i) is the given IFS. If the particular IFS is essentially nonoverlapping, it is relatively easy to compute the adjoint operators Si=Fi*, and the Si operators will be isometries in L2(?) with orthogonal ranges. For the case of essential overlap, we can use the extra terms entering in the computation of the operators Fi* as a "measure" of the essential overlap for the particular IFS we study. Here the adjoint operators Fi* refer to the Hilbert space L2(?), where ? is the equilibrium measure ? for the given IFS (?i).
Chu, Shih-I
2014-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 90, 063412 (2014) Effect of nuclear vibration on high-order-harmonic generation of aligned H2 + molecules Dmitry A. Telnov,1,* John Heslar,2, and Shih-I Chu2,3, 1 Department of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia 2 Department of Physics, Center for Quantum
Distortion Analysis of GaAs MESFETs Based on Physical Model using PISCESHB
Dutton, Robert W.
Distortion Analysis of GaAs MESFETs Based on Physical Model using PISCESHB Junko Sato in the device simulator PISCESHB (Harmonic Balance version of PISCES (3)) which solves driftdimensional device simulator PISCESHB. Power of harmonics were directly simulated for MESFETs in circuit
Extracting tidal frequencies using multivariate harmonic analysis of sea level height time series
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Amiri-Simkooei, A. R.; Zaminpardaz, S.; Sharifi, M. A.
2014-10-01
This contribution is seen as a first attempt to extract the tidal frequencies using a multivariate spectral analysis method applied to multiple time series of tide-gauge records. The existing methods are either physics-based in which the ephemeris of Moon, Sun and other planets are used, or are observation-based in which univariate analysis methods—Fourier and wavelet for instance—are applied to tidal observations. The existence of many long tide-gauge records around the world allows one to use tidal observations and extract the main tidal constituents for which efficient multivariate methods are to be developed. This contribution applies the multivariate least-squares harmonic estimation (LS-HE) to the tidal time series of the UK tide-gauge stations. The first 413 harmonics of the tidal constituents and their nonlinear components are provided using the multivariate LS-HE. A few observations of the research are highlighted: (1) the multivariate analysis takes information of multiple time series into account in an optimal least- squares sense, and thus the tidal frequencies have higher detection power compared to the univariate analysis. (2) Dominant tidal frequencies range from the long-term signals to the sixth-diurnal species interval. Higher frequencies have negligible effects. (3) The most important tidal constituents (the first 50 frequencies) ordered from their amplitudes range from 212 cm (M2) to 1 cm (OQ2) for the data set considered. There are signals in this list that are not available in the 145 main tidal frequencies of the literature. (4) Tide predictions using different lists of tidal frequencies on five different data sets around the world are compared. The prediction results using the first significant 50 constituents provided promising results on these locations of the world.
Nanoantenna harmonic sensor: theoretical analysis of contactless detection of molecules with light.
Farhat, Mohamed; Cheng, Mark M C; Le, Khai Q; Chen, Pai-Yen
2015-10-16
The nonlinear harmonic sensor is a popular wireless sensor and radiofrequency identification (RFID) technique, which allows high-performance sensing in a severe interference/clutter background by transmitting a radio wave and detecting its modulated higher-order harmonics. Here we introduce the concept and design of optical harmonic tags based on nonlinear nanoantennas that can contactlessly detect electronic (e.g. electron affinity) and optical (e.g. relative permittivity) characteristics of molecules. By using a dual-resonance gold-molecule-silver nanodipole antenna within the quantum mechanical realm, the spectral form of the second-harmonic scattering can sensitively reveal the physical properties of molecules, paving a new route towards optical molecular sensors and optical identification (OPID) of biological, genetic, and medical events for the 'Internet of Nano-Things'. PMID:26403614
A Computer Algebra Toolbox for Harmonic Sums Related to Particle Physics
Jakob Ablinger
2010-11-04
In this work we present the computer algebra package HarmonicSums and its theoretical background for the manipulation of harmonic sums and some related quantities as for example Euler-Zagier sums and harmonic polylogarithms. Harmonic sums and generalized harmonic sums emerge as special cases of so-called d'Alembertian solutions of recurrence relations. We show that harmonic sums form a quasi-shuffle algebra and describe a method how we can find algebraically independent harmonic sums. In addition, we define a differentiation on harmonic sums via an extended version of the Mellin transform. Along with that, new relations between harmonic sums will arise. Furthermore, we present an algorithm which rewrites certain types of nested sums into expressions in terms of harmonic sums. We illustrate by nontrivial examples how these algorithms in cooperation with the summation package Sigma support the evaluation of Feynman integrals.
Analysis of higher harmonic contamination with a modified approach using a grating analyser
Gupta, Rajkumar Modi, Mohammed H.; Lodha, G. S.; Kumar, M.; Chakera, J. A.
2014-04-15
Soft x-ray spectra of the toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) at the reflectivity beamline of Indus-1 synchrotron source are analyzed for higher harmonic contribution. A diffraction grating of central line spacing 1200 l/mm is used to disperse the monochromatic beam received from TGM to quantify the harmonic contents in the 50–360 Å wavelength range. In order to calculate the harmonic contamination, conventionally the intensity of higher order peak is divided by first order peak intensity of the desired wavelength. This approach is found to give wrong estimate as first order peak itself is overlapped by higher order peaks. In the present study, a modified approach has been proposed to calculate harmonic contamination where the intensity contributions of overlapping orders have been removed from the first order diffraction peak of the desired wavelength. It is found that the order contamination in the TGM spectra is less than 15% in the wavelength range of 90–180 Å. The total harmonic contribution increases from 6%–60% in the wavelength range of 150–260 Å. The critical wavelength of Indus-1 is 61 Å hence the harmonic contamination below 90 Å is significantly low. The results obtained with modified approach match well with those obtained by quantitative analysis of multilayer reflectivity data. The obtained higher harmonics data are used to fit the transmission of aluminum edge filter in the 120–360 Å wavelength range.
Completion report harmonic analysis of electrical distribution systems
Tolbert, L.M.
1996-03-01
Harmonic currents have increased dramatically in electrical distribution systems in the last few years due to the growth in non-linear loads found in most electronic devices. Because electrical systems have been designed for linear voltage and current waveforms; (i.e. nearly sinusoidal), non-linear loads can cause serious problems such as overheating conductors or transformers, capacitor failures, inadvertent circuit breaker tripping, or malfunction of electronic equipment. The U.S. Army Center for Public Works has proposed a study to determine what devices are best for reducing or eliminating the effects of harmonics on power systems typical of those existing in their Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence (C3I) sites.
Continuous-time operational modal analysis in the presence of harmonic disturbances
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pintelon, R.; Peeters, B.; Guillaume, P.
2008-07-01
Operational modal analysis (OMA) allows to identify the modal parameters from the measured response to unknown random perturbations of a mechanical structure in operation. However, in all applications with rotating components (e.g. helicopters, turbines, diesel motors,…,) the structural vibration in operation is a combination of the response to the random perturbation and the harmonic excitation due to the rotating components. Classical OMA methods fail if the harmonic disturbance is close to, or coincides with a resonance frequency of the structure. Therefore, these methods have been extended to deal with harmonic disturbances with a known, fixed frequency. However, in many applications (e.g. helicopters, wind turbines, diesel motors,…) the frequencies of the harmonic disturbances vary in time. This paper presents three methods for suppressing the influence of harmonic disturbances with unknown varying frequencies in operational modal analysis. Two of these methods can handle the case where the peak of the harmonic disturbance and the resonance peak completely overlap. The performance of the three methods is illustrated on simulations and real helicopter data. The present paper handles the single output case only.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Düzgit, Z.; Malin, S. R. C.
2000-06-01
Various methods that take account of the potential nature of the field have been proposed for modelling geomagnetic data on a regional scale. Several of these have been applied to a standard data set based on annual mean values from observatories in Europe. Here, we examine some of the properties of spherical cap harmonic analysis when applied to this data set, and compare the quality of fit with that of the other models. It is found that, for this data set, rectangular polynomial analysis provides a compact fit to main field data, but that in most other cases, for both main field and anomaly data, spherical cap harmonic analysis provides the better fit. Although relatively insensitive to chosen cap size, spherical cap harmonic analysis deteriorates more rapidly than the other methods when the number of coefficients is reduced.
Kunz, P.F.
1991-04-01
There are many tools used in analysis in High Energy Physics (HEP). They range from low level tools such as a programming language to high level such as a detector simulation package. This paper will discuss some aspects of these tools that are directly associated with the process of analyzing HEP data. Physics analysis tools cover the whole range from the simulation of the interactions of particles to the display and fitting of statistical data. For purposes of this paper, the stages of analysis is broken down to five main stages. The categories are also classified as areas of generation, reconstruction, and analysis. Different detector groups use different terms for these stages thus it is useful to define what is meant by them in this paper. The particle generation stage is a simulation of the initial interaction, the production of particles, and the decay of the short lived particles. The detector simulation stage simulates the behavior of an event in a detector. The track reconstruction stage does pattern recognition on the measured or simulated space points, calorimeter information, etc., and reconstructs track segments of the original event. The event reconstruction stage takes the reconstructed tracks, along with particle identification information and assigns masses to produce 4-vectors. Finally the display and fit stage displays statistical data accumulated in the preceding stages in the form of histograms, scatter plots, etc. The remainder of this paper will consider what analysis tools are available today, and what one might expect in the future. In each stage, the integration of the tools with other stages and the portability of the tool will be analyzed.
Deepening the vector coherent state analysis: Revisiting the harmonic oscillator
I. Aremua; J. Ben Geloun; M. N. Hounkonnou
2011-09-20
Vector coherent states (VCS) viewed as a generalization of ordinary coherent states for higher rank tensor Hilbert spaces are investigated. We consider a systematic way of generating classes of VCS which are solvable (i.e., in the present context, normalizable states satisfying a resolution of the identity) on the Hilbert space of 2D and 3D harmonic oscillators. Thanks to the type of construction, these VCS are classified according to specific criteria. Furthermore, in many cases, the found classes of VCS are continuously deformable one onto another, still remaining solvable.
Improving power quality through analysis of voltage fluctuations and harmonics
Landes, T.
1994-12-31
More than ever before, utilities are pressed to provide power of excellent quality. Today`s customers are less tolerant of voltage fluctuations and today`s electrical equipment is more susceptible to malfunction and failure. At the same time, this equipment is, to a large degree, responsible for creating the very spikes, blinks and harmonics that owners are intolerant of. Naturally, this causes problems which, right or wrong, are often ultimately blamed on the utility. Lets look at some of the problems which manifest poor power quality.
Harmonic analysis of diurnal oscillations in outdoor air temperature and solar radiation intensity
B. M. Achilov; V. V. Chugunkov
1981-01-01
A digital computer was used for harmonic analysis of diurnal oscillations in ambient air temperature and solar insolation for a number of regions in the Soviet Union based on published climatic data. The analysis was required as base information for the utility of solar heating and cooling systems. Representative results are tabulated for the month of July. The daily oscillations
Marco Lover; Patrizio Colaneri; Carlos Malpica; Roberto Celi
2007-01-01
This paper presents an aeromechanical closed loop stability and response analysis of a hingeless rotor helicopter with a Higher Harmonic Control (HHC) system for vibration reduction. The analysis includes the rigid body dynamics of the helicopter and blade flexibility. The gain matrix is assumed to be fixed and computed o-line. The discrete elements of the HHC control loop are rigorously
Harmonizing Physics & Cosmology With Everything Else in the Universe(s)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Asija, Pal
2006-03-01
This paper postulates a theory of everything including our known finite physical universe within and as sub-set of an infinite virtual invisible universe occupying some of the same space and time. It attempts to harmonize astrophysics with everything else including life. It compares and contrasts properties, similarities, differences and relationships between the two universe(s). A particular attention is paid to the interface between the two and the challenges of building and/or traversing bridges between them. A number of inflection points between the two are identified. The paper also delineates their relationship to big bang, theory of evolution, gravity, dark matter, black holes, time travel, speed of light, theory of relativity and string theory just to name a few. Several new terms are introduced and defined to discuss proper relationship, transition and interface between the body, soul and spirit as well as their relationship to brain and mind. Physical bodies & beings are compared with virtual, meta and ultra bodies and beings and how the ``Virtual Inside'' relates to people, pets, plants and particles and their micro constituents as well as macro sets. The past, present, and potential of the concurrent universe(s) is compared and contrasted along with many myths and misconceptions of the meta physics as well as modern physics.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ambekar Ramachandra Rao, Raghu; Mehta, Monal R.; Toussaint, Kimani C., Jr.
2010-02-01
We demonstrate the use of Fourier transform-second-harmonic generation (FT-SHG) imaging of collagen fibers as a means of performing quantitative analysis of obtained images of selected spatial regions in porcine trachea, ear, and cornea. Two quantitative markers, preferred orientation and maximum spatial frequency are proposed for differentiating structural information between various spatial regions of interest in the specimens. The ear shows consistent maximum spatial frequency and orientation as also observed in its real-space image. However, there are observable changes in the orientation and minimum feature size of fibers in the trachea indicating a more random organization. Finally, the analysis is applied to a 3D image stack of the cornea. It is shown that the standard deviation of the orientation is sensitive to the randomness in fiber orientation. Regions with variations in the maximum spatial frequency, but with relatively constant orientation, suggest that maximum spatial frequency is useful as an independent quantitative marker. We emphasize that FT-SHG is a simple, yet powerful, tool for extracting information from images that is not obvious in real space. This technique can be used as a quantitative biomarker to assess the structure of collagen fibers that may change due to damage from disease or physical injury.
Fung, David T; Sereysky, Jedd B; Basta-Pljakic, Jelena; Laudier, Damien M; Huq, Rumana; Jepsen, Karl J; Schaffler, Mitchell B; Flatow, Evan L
2010-05-01
Conventional histologic methods provide valuable information regarding the physical nature of damage in fatigue-loaded tendons, limited to thin, two-dimensional sections. We introduce an imaging method that characterizes tendon microstructure three-dimensionally and develop quantitative, spatial measures of damage formation within tendons. Rat patellar tendons were fatigue loaded in vivo to low, moderate, and high damage levels. Tendon microstructure was characterized using multiphoton microscopy by capturing second harmonic generation signals. Image stacks were analyzed using Fourier transform-derived computations to assess frequency-based properties of damage. Results showed 3D microstructure with progressively increased density and variety of damage patterns, characterized by kinked deformations at low, fiber dissociation at moderate, and fiber thinning and out-of-plane discontinuities at high damage levels. Image analysis generated radial distributions of power spectral gradients, establishing a "fingerprint" of tendon damage. Additionally, matrix damage was mapped using local, discretized orientation vectors. The frequency distribution of vector angles, a measure of damage content, differed from one damage level to the next. This study established an objective 3D imaging and analysis method for tendon microstructure, which characterizes directionality and anisotropy of the tendon microstructure and quantitative measures of damage that will advance investigations of the microstructural basis of degradation that precedes overuse injuries. PMID:20232150
Automated cardiac sarcomere analysis from second harmonic generation images
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Garcia-Canadilla, Patricia; Gonzalez-Tendero, Anna; Iruretagoyena, Igor; Crispi, Fatima; Torre, Iratxe; Amat-Roldan, Ivan; Bijnens, Bart H.; Gratacos, Eduard
2014-05-01
Automatic quantification of cardiac muscle properties in tissue sections might provide important information related to different types of diseases. Second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging provides a stain-free microscopy approach to image cardiac fibers that, combined with our methodology of the automated measurement of the ultrastructure of muscle fibers, computes a reliable set of quantitative image features (sarcomere length, A-band length, thick-thin interaction length, and fiber orientation). We evaluated the performance of our methodology in computer-generated muscle fibers modeling some artifacts that are present during the image acquisition. Then, we also evaluated it by comparing it to manual measurements in SHG images from cardiac tissue of fetal and adult rabbits. The results showed a good performance of our methodology at high signal-to-noise ratio of 20 dB. We conclude that our automated measurements enable reliable characterization of cardiac fiber tissues to systematically study cardiac tissue in a wide range of conditions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ganeev, R. A.; Hutchison, C.; Witting, T.; Frank, F.; Okell, W. A.; Zaïr, A.; Weber, S.; Redkin, P. V.; Lei, D. Y.; Roschuk, T.; Maier, S. A.; López-Quintás, I.; Martín, M.; Castillejo, M.; Tisch, J. W. G.; Marangos, J. P.
2012-08-01
High-order harmonic generation in graphite-ablated plasmas was systematically studied using ultrashort (3.5 and 30 fs) laser pulses. We observed the efficient frequency conversion of 3.5 fs Ti:sapphire laser pulses in the range of 15-26 eV. Stabilization of the harmonic yield at a 1 kHz pulse repetition rate was accomplished using a rotating graphite target. We also show the results of harmonic generation in carbon plasma using 1300 nm, 40 ps pulses, which allowed the extension of the harmonic cutoff while maintaining a comparable conversion efficiency to the case of 780 nm driving radiation. The time-of-flight mass spectrometric analysis of the plasma components and the scanning electron microscopy of plasma debris under optimal conditions for harmonic generation suggest the presence of small carbon clusters (C10-C30) in the plasma plume at the moment of femtosecond pulse propagation, which further aggregate on nearby substrates. We present the results of plasma spectroscopy obtained under unoptimized plasma conditions that elucidate the reduction in harmonic signal. We also present calculations of plasma concentration under different excitation conditions of the ablated graphite target.
Popov, Alexander K
2015-01-01
Comparative analysis of second harmonic generation in ordinary and backward-wave settings is presented. Extraordinary properties of frequency doubling nonlinear optical reflectivity and pulse shaping through phase matching of ordinary and backward electromagnetic waves in the nanowaveguides with mixed negative/positive spatial dispersion is demonstrated with numerical simulations.
Polarization Analysis of Nonlinear Harmonic Radiation in a Crossed-Planar Undulator
Geng, H.; Ding, Y.; Huang, Z.; /SLAC
2009-06-23
There is growing interest in producing intense, coherent x-ray radiation with an adjustable and arbitrary polarization state. The crossed-planar undulator, which was first proposed by Kim, could achieve rapid polarization control in synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers (FELs) through the manipulation of a phase shifter. Recently, a statistical analysis shows that a polarization degree of over 80% is obtainable for a Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) FEL near saturation. In such a scheme, nonlinear harmonic radiation is also generated in each undulator and the polarization of the radiation is controllable in the same manner. In this paper, we study the degree of polarization achievable at the third harmonic in a crossed-planar undulator. We also propose a method for generating second harmonic radiation with arbitrary polarization.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Richardson, Tim H.; Brittle, Stuart A.
2012-09-01
This paper describes a set of experiments aimed at overcoming some of the difficulties experienced by students learning about the topics of moments of inertia and simple harmonic motion, both of which are often perceived to be complex topics amongst students during their first-year university courses. By combining both subjects in a discussion about physical pendula, in which the oscillation time periods for the periodic motion of several objects (a tennis ball, a thin beam, a hoop and a solid disc) are measured and compared, students are able to understand both topics at a higher level and also experience the synergistic effect of combining two or more physics themes in order to accelerate their learning whilst simultaneously raising their motivation. Special attention is given to the ‘ball and stick’ pendulum in which a block of material (treated as a point mass) can be moved along a shaft to create a composite pendulum whose time period exhibits a minimum value at a certain separation between the block and the rotation axis.
Green, M.I.; Barale, P.J.; Gilbert, W.S.; Hassenzahl, W.V.; Nelson, D.H.; Taylor, C.E.; Travis, N.J.; Van Dyke, D.A.
1987-09-01
Specialized hardware and software have been developed to facilitate harmonic error analysis measurements of one-meter-long Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) model dipole and quadrupole magnets. Cold bore measurements feature cryogenic search-coil arrays with high bucking ratios that also have sufficient sensitivity to make room-temperature measurements at the low magnet currents of approx.10 A. Three sets of search coils allow measurements of the center, either end, and/or the axially integrated field. Signals from the search coils are digitally integrated by means of a voltage-to-frequency converter feeding an up-down counter. The data are drift corrected, Fourier analyzed, converted to physical quantities, and printed and plotted. A cycle of measurements including data acquisition, processing, and the generation of tabular and graphic output requires 80 seconds. The vast amount of data generated (several hundred measurement cycles for each magnet) has led to the development of postprocessing programs and procedures. Spreadsheets allow easy manipulation and comparison of results within a test series and between magnets. 8 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.
Harmonic Analysis as a Tool for Locating Errors in Terrestrial Gravimetry Data.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Holmes, S. A.
2014-12-01
Harmonic analysis of terrestrial gravimetry supports the computation of Earth Gravitational Models [EGMs]. Historically, incorporating terrestrial data into an EGM can be achieved by first gridding the data to form equi-angular gravity anomaly area-means. Each computed mean value typically estimates the average of the anomaly across the surface of an equiangular prism in a Digital Elevation Model [DEM]. Appropriate solid-harmonic analysis can then be applied to the gridded values. This yields a harmonic model which should 'best' reproduce these mean values via solid-harmonic synthesis across the surface of each DEM prism. Such nominally 'terrestrial' harmonic models can then be combined with satellite gravity information to yield a combination EGM. Importantly, these terrestrial harmonic models also provide a useful tool for assessing the terrestrial gravimetry which supported them. Low degree (Nmax=200/250) discrepancies between the terrestrial models and their GRACE/GOCE 'satgrav' counterparts are already highlighting problem areas in U.S. gravimetry data holdings. However, also interesting are the residuals (mis-closes) between the derived harmonic models and their input anomaly data grids. This is because these equi-angular data grids can be usefully conceived as digital planimetric leveling traverses. They combine mean gravity estimates with mean changes in elevation, thereby necessarily yielding implied estimates for mean changes in geopotential from one DEM prism surface to the next. We consider a hypothetical closed 'leveling' loop, in which mean geopotential changes are digitally integrated around a circuit of data prims. If this gridded data correctly represents a conservative field, then the integrated geopotential differences should sum to zero, within the resolution of the data grid. However, for large data errors which deviate significantly from a conservative field, the digitally integrated geopotential will not close to zero. Here the purely harmonic model cannot reproduce the non-conservative data grid, and we will observe a large residual between the two. This provides for the possibility of detecting errors in the data grid, and in the supporting terrestrial gravimetry. Here we present initial results from this approach, and look to future applications.
Numerical analysis Bose--Einstein condensation threedimensional harmonic oscillator potential
Ligare, Martin
, as ``molecule year'' in 1995 Science magazine. 4 Bose--Einstein condensation possibly most theoretically in recent ``New Problem'' Journal. 6 this paper quantum statistics that most undergraduate modern physics accumulate in lowest energy state. This condensation is entirely a consequence quantum statistics of Bose
So, Hing-Cheung
SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS- SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC using harmonic noise model (HNM) in car noise environment. The major advantages of this method are effective suppression of car noise even in very low signal-to-noise ratio environments and mitigation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Golkhah, Mohammad; Bina, Mohammad Tavakoli
A new shunt reactive power compensator, CSCT, is presented and introduced in this paper. Mathematical analysis of harmonic content of the current of CSCT is performed and use of a winding with additional circuit has been presented as a solution to suppress these harmonics.
Harmonic analysis on tube-type affine homogeneous phase spaces
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fan, Qihong
1994-08-01
In this paper, the coherent states and the POV measures on tube-type affine homogeneous phase spaces are studied. The results extend the continuous wavelet analysis of the affine group 'ax+b' and the phase space analysis of the Galilei and Poincaré groups to the general affine groups.
Spherical harmonic analysis of wavefields using multiple circular sensor arrays
Abhayapala, Thushara D.
algorithms for beamforming [1][4], source localization [5][7], acoustic scene analysis [8], [9], spatial decomposition of wavefields is not only an active problem in acoustic signal processing but also a useful tool soundfield, wavefield, wavefield decomposition, acoustic scene analysis Some parts of the preliminary work
Chu, Shih-I
2015-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 91, 063408 (2015) Optimal control of high-order harmonics for the generation an efficient high-order-harmonic optimal control scheme for the generation of the ultrabroad supercontinuum. The optimal control scheme is implemented using a derivative-free unconstrained optimization algorithm called
Lein, Manfred
2010-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 81, 023412 (2010) Vibrational-state and isotope dependence of high-order harmonic generation in water molecules Mirjam Falge,1 Volker Engel,1 and Manfred Lein2 1 Universit¨at W calculations on high-order harmonic generation in water molecules. Spectra are determined for various initial
Limits in the application of harmonic analysis to pulsating stars
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pascual-Granado, J.; Garrido, R.; Suárez, J. C.
2015-09-01
Using ultra-precise data from space instrumentation, we found that the underlying functions of stellar light curves from some AF pulsating stars are non-analytic, and consequently their Fourier expansion is not guaranteed. This result demonstrates that periodograms do not provide a mathematically consistent estimator of the frequency content for this type of variable stars. More importantly, this constitutes the first counterexample against the current paradigm, which considers that any physical process is described by a continuous (band-limited) function that is infinitely differentiable.
Inconsistencies in the application of harmonic analysis to pulsating stars
Pascual-Granado, J; Suárez, J C
2015-01-01
Using ultra-precise data from space instrumentation we found that the underlying functions of stellar light curves from some AF pul- sating stars are non-analytic, and consequently their Fourier expansion is not guaranteed. This result demonstrates that periodograms do not provide a mathematically consistent estimator of the frequency content for this kind of variable stars. More importantly, this constitutes the first counterexample against the current paradigm which considers that any physical process is described by a contin- uous (band-limited) function that is infinitely differentiable.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ehlers, F. E.; Weatherill, W. H.
1982-01-01
A finite difference method for solving the unsteady transonic flow about harmonically oscillating wings is investigated. The procedure is based on separating the velocity potential into steady and unsteady parts and linearizing the resulting unsteady differential equation for small disturbances. The differential equation for the unsteady velocity potential is linear with spatially varying coefficients and with the time variable eliminated by assuming harmonic motion. A study is presented of the shock motion associated with an oscillating airfoil and its representation by the harmonic procedure. The effects of the shock motion and the resulting pressure pulse are shown to be included in the harmonic pressure distributions and the corresponding generalized forces. Analytical and experimental pressure distributions for the NACA 64A010 airfoil are compared for Mach numbers of 0.75, 0.80 and 0.842. A typical section, two-degree-of-freedom flutter analysis of a NACA 64A010 airfoil is performed. The results show a sharp transonic bucket in one case and abrupt changes in instability modes.
Data Analysis in Physics Examination
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Forster, Patricia A.
2005-01-01
This paper presents a critical analysis of data analysis requirements in physics tertiary entrance examinations. The setting is Western Australia. Common aspects of the questions asked over 14 years and changes in the questions since a major syllabus reform are identified. Similar changes in other jurisdictions are referenced. The data analysis…
Workshop on Harmonic Oscillators
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Han, D. (editor); Kim, Y. S. (editor); Zachary, W. W. (editor)
1993-01-01
Proceedings of a workshop on Harmonic Oscillators held at the College Park Campus of the University of Maryland on March 25 - 28, 1992 are presented. The harmonic oscillator formalism is playing an important role in many branches of physics. This is the simplest mathematical device which can connect the basic principle of physics with what is observed in the real world. The harmonic oscillator is the bridge between pure and applied physics.
Analysis and Control of Period-Doubling Bifurcation in Buck Converters Using Harmonic Balance
Chung-Chieh Fang; Eyad H. Abed
2012-10-27
Period doubling bifurcation in buck converters is studied by using the harmonic balance method. A simple dynamic model of a buck converter in continuous conduction mode under voltage mode or current mode control is derived. This model consists of the feedback connection of a linear system and a nonlinear one. An exact harmonic balance analysis is used to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for a period doubling bifurcation to occur. If such a bifurcation occurs, the analysis also provides information on its exact location. Using the condition for bifurcation, a feedforward control is designed to eliminate the period doubling bifurcation. This results in a wider range of allowed source voltage, and also in improved line regulation.
Modeling and analysis of aircraft non-linear components for harmonics analysis
Karimi, K.J.; Voss, J.
1995-12-31
Modern commercial aircraft Electric Power Systems (EPS) include many nonlinear components which produce harmonics. The addition of all the current harmonics could result in a power system with unacceptable levels of voltage distortion. It is important to be able to predict the levels of voltage distortion at early program stages to correct any potential problems and avoid costly redesigns. In this paper the nature and sources of harmonic producing equipment are described. These sources of harmonics and their effect on aircraft power system operation are described. Models for various aircraft non-linear components are developed in this paper. These component models are used in a model of the Boeing 777 EPS which is used to calculate voltage harmonics for various airplane configurations and flight conditions. A description of this model and the models used for various components are given. Tests performed to validate these models are described. Comparison of experimental results with analytical model predictions are given.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Fiske, David R.
2004-01-01
In an earlier paper, Misner (2004, Class. Quant. Grav., 21, S243) presented a novel algorithm for computing the spherical harmonic components of data represented on a cubic grid. I extend Misner s original analysis by making detailed error estimates of the numerical errors accrued by the algorithm, by using symmetry arguments to suggest a more efficient implementation scheme, and by explaining how the algorithm can be applied efficiently on data with explicit reflection symmetries.
Whispering-gallery-mode analysis of phase-matched doubly resonant second-harmonic generation
Dumeige, Yannick; Feron, Patrice [ENSSAT-FOTON (CNRS-UMR 6082)-Universite de Rennes 1, 6 rue de Kerampont, Boite Postal 80518, 22300 Lannion (France)
2006-12-15
We propose a coupled modes analysis of second-harmonic generation in microdisk resonators. We demonstrate that whispering gallery modes can be used to obtain a combination of modal and geometrical quasi-phase-matching (without domain inversion) to obtain efficient conversion in isotropic and nonferroelectric materials such as III-V semiconductor compounds. Finally we use an analytical model to describe the coupling between a bus waveguide and the nonlinear microdisk to achieve an optimization scheme for practical configuration.
Harmonic Analysis on Compact Lie Groups: the Peter-Weyl Theorem
Woit, Peter
Harmonic Analysis on Compact Lie Groups: the Peter-Weyl Theorem Math G4344, Spring 2012 1 Peter-Weyl as a special case of induction Last time we discussed induction for Lie group representations. For a pair of Lie groups H G and a representation W of H, the induced G representation is IndG H(W) = MapH(G, W
Ultra-high degree spherical harmonic analysis and synthesis using extended-range arithmetic
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wittwer, Tobias; Klees, Roland; Seitz, Kurt; Heck, Bernhard
2008-04-01
We present software for spherical harmonic analysis (SHA) and spherical harmonic synthesis (SHS), which can be used for essentially arbitrary degrees and all co-latitudes in the interval (0°, 180°). The routines use extended-range floating-point arithmetic, in particular for the computation of the associated Legendre functions. The price to be paid is an increased computation time; for degree 3,000, the extended-range arithmetic SHS program takes 49 times longer than its standard arithmetic counterpart. The extended-range SHS and SHA routines allow us to test existing routines for SHA and SHS. A comparison with the publicly available SHS routine GEOGFG18 by Wenzel and HARMONIC SYNTH by Holmes and Pavlis confirms what is known about the stability of these programs. GEOGFG18 gives errors <1 mm for latitudes [-89°57.5', 89°57.5'] and maximum degree 1,800. Higher degrees significantly limit the range of acceptable latitudes for a given accuracy. HARMONIC SYNTH gives good results up to degree 2,700 for almost the whole latitude range. The errors increase towards the North pole and exceed 1 mm at latitude 82° for degree 2,700. For a maximum degree 3,000, HARMONIC SYNTH produces errors exceeding 1 mm at latitudes of about 60°, whereas GEOGFG18 is limited to latitudes below 45°. Further extending the latitudinal band towards the poles may produce errors of several metres for both programs. A SHA of a uniform random signal on the sphere shows significant errors beyond degree 1,700 for the SHA program SHA by Heck and Seitz.
Harmonic Band Spectrum Analysis of Backscattered Ultrasound from Lesioned and Normal Tissue
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Muratore, Robert; Lizzi, Frederic L.; Silverman, Ronald H.
2006-05-01
HIFU dose curves (lesion size vs. exposure parameters) exhibit scatter because of local variations in the acoustic properties of tissue. Therefore, clinical applications of HIFU, such as cardiac and cancer ablation, will benefit from the ability to distinguish treated from normal tissue, which can provide the surgeon with lesion monitoring. However, HIFU lesions, especially protein-denaturing lesions (PDLs), may be difficult to visualize with conventional B-mode ultrasound. In this study, spectrum analysis of backscattered radiofrequency (RF) ultrasound was successful in imaging lesions. HIFU lesions were formed at 5 MHz for various intensities and durations in model tissues including degassed chicken breast in vitro, fresh rabbit liver ex vivo, and canine cardiac left ventricle in vivo. The tissues were scanned pre- and post-exposure using confocal array and single-element diagnostic probes incorporated into the HIFU transducer assembly. The diagnostic probes were excited with a monocycle pulse under conditions previously shown to generate a second harmonic comparable in amplitude to the fundamental, and RF echo-signal data were recorded. In an alternate set, the therapy and diagnostic transducers were operated pitch-catch, with the therapy transducer sending out a series of 0.4 ms pulses and the diagnostic transducer in passive receive mode. Spectrum analysis of the RF data was performed separately on first (fundamental) and second harmonic frequency bands. Linear regression fits to spectra computed for sliding regions-of-interest yielded 3 parameters: midband fit (integrated backscatter), y-intercept and slope; grayscale images were produced for each parameter. Differences among the B-mode and parameter images, and between the lesion site and adjacent untreated tissues, were characterized statistically. The results indicate that midband fit images of both the fundamental and harmonic offer improved contrast and lateral resolution compared to conventional images. PDLs and bubbly lesions that are not clearly visible in B-mode images can be imaged with harmonic band spectrum analysis.
Harmonic Analysis of Sedimentary Cyclic Sequences in Kansas, Midcontinent, USA
Merriam, D.F.; Robinson, J.E.
1997-01-01
Several stratigraphic sequences in the Upper Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) in Kansas (Midcontinent, USA) were analyzed quantitatively for periodic repetitions. The sequences were coded by lithologic type into strings of datasets. The strings then were analyzed by an adaptation of a one-dimensional Fourier transform analysis and examined for evidence of periodicity. The method was tested using different states in coding to determine the robustness of the method and data. The most persistent response is in multiples of 8-10 ft (2.5-3.0 m) and probably is dependent on the depositional thickness of the original lithologic units. Other cyclicities occurred in multiples of the basic frequency of 8-10 with persistent ones at 22 and 30 feet (6.5-9.0 m) and large ones at 80 and 160 feet (25-50 m). These levels of thickness relate well to the basic cyclothem and megacyclothem as measured on outcrop. We propose that this approach is a suitable one for analyzing cyclic events in the stratigraphic record.
High order harmonics from mid-infrared drivers for attosecond physics
Doumy, G.; Wheeler, J.; Roedig, C.; Agostini, P.; DiMauro, L. F. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
2009-09-10
The generation of light pulses with attosecond (10{sup -18} seconds) duration is studied using laser drivers operating in the mid-infrared region. This paper first examines the fundamental principles of attosecond formation by Fourier synthesis of a high harmonic comb. Experimental demonstration of the extension of the harmonic cutoff is shown using a 2 micron driver. Then, the crucial spectral phase properties, responsible for the pulse structure on the attosecond time scale, are measured with an all-optical technique using a mix of the fundamental pulse with its second harmonic. The expected 1/lambda scaling is verified, which demonstrates a practical way towards pulses approaching the atomic unit of time (24 as).
Physical analysis for tribology
Quinn, F.J.
1991-12-31
This textbook by Dr. Quinn contains an interesting and useful combination of subject matter related to tribology and methods of surface analysis pertinent to wear problems. A brief introductory chapter includes a good overview of wear phenomena and mechanisms. Three chapters, comprising about one-third of the book, discuss surface and surface film diagnostic and analysis methods. These include optical, electrical and magnetic techniques as well as electron and x-ray diffraction methods. Considerable detail is provided on background related to crystallography and diffraction. Those not concerned with technique per se, will likely omit these sections. The last five chapters are core subject matter for students, engineers, and researchers interested in wear phenomena. Dr. Quinn draws considerable material from his own extensive background in the area, as well as a good selection of other examples from the research literature.
Analysis and design of harmonic suppression circuit with quasi-square wave compensation
Ying-na Guo; Wei-bin Cheng; Kang Si-min; Lu Ye
2009-01-01
The circuit principle and harmonic characteristics of peak current mode Boost converter are analyzed, the voltage loop and the current loop are adopted to keep the input current in the same phase with the input voltage. A novel harmonic suppression technology with quasi-square wave compensation is presented in this paper, The input current harmonic components and harmonic contents are reduced
Quantum efficiency harmonic analysis of exciton annihilation in organic light emitting diodes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Price, J. S.; Giebink, N. C.
2015-06-01
Various exciton annihilation processes are known to impact the efficiency roll-off of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs); however, isolating and quantifying their contribution in the presence of other factors such as changing charge balance continue to be a challenge for routine device characterization. Here, we analyze OLED electroluminescence resulting from a sinusoidal dither superimposed on the device bias and show that nonlinearity between recombination current and light output arising from annihilation mixes the quantum efficiency measured at different dither harmonics in a manner that depends uniquely on the type and magnitude of the annihilation process. We derive a series of analytical relations involving the DC and first harmonic external quantum efficiency that enable annihilation rates to be quantified through linear regression independent of changing charge balance and evaluate them for prototypical fluorescent and phosphorescent OLEDs based on the emitters 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyran and platinum octaethylporphyrin, respectively. We go on to show that, in most cases, it is sufficient to calculate the needed quantum efficiency harmonics directly from derivatives of the DC light versus current curve, thus enabling this analysis to be conducted solely from standard light-current-voltage measurement data.
The Influence of Spring Length on the Physical Parameters of Simple Harmonic Motion
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Triana, C. A.; Fajardo, F.
2012-01-01
The aim of this work is to analyse the influence of spring length on the simple harmonic motion of a spring-mass system. In particular, we study the effect of changing the spring length on the elastic constant "[kappa]", the angular frequency "[omega]" and the damping factor "[gamma]" of the oscillations. To characterize the behaviour of these…
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 81, 033412 (2010) Emission times in high-order harmonic generation
Lein, Manfred
2010-01-01
energy accumulated by the electron during its excursion in the continuum, together with the binding explained as a sequence of three steps [9]. First, under the influence of the electric field of the laser energy, is converted into an emitted photon, that is, to harmonic radiation. This essentially classical
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Richardson, Tim H.; Brittle, Stuart A.
2012-01-01
This paper describes a set of experiments aimed at overcoming some of the difficulties experienced by students learning about the topics of moments of inertia and simple harmonic motion, both of which are often perceived to be complex topics amongst students during their first-year university courses. By combining both subjects in a discussion…
Harmonic Analysis and Free Field Realization of the Takiff supergroup of GL(1|1)
Babichenko, Andrei
2014-01-01
Takiff superalgebras are a family of non semi-simple Lie superalgebras that are believed to give rise to a rich structure of indecomposable representations of associated conformal field theories. We consider the Takiff superalgebra of gl(1|1), especially we perform harmonic analysis for the corresponding supergroup. We find that every simple module appearing is part of an infinite-dimensional indecomposable but reducible module. We lift our results to two free field realizations for the corresponding conformal field theory and construct some modules.
Multiple harmonic ULF waves in the plasma sheet boundary layer: Instability analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Denton, R. E.; Engebretson, M. J.; Keiling, A.; Walsh, A. P.; Gary, S. P.; DéCréAu, P. M. E.; Cattell, C. A.; RèMe, H.
2010-12-01
Multiple-harmonic electromagnetic waves in the ULF band have occasionally been observed in Earth's magnetosphere, both near the magnetic equator in the outer plasmasphere and in the plasma sheet boundary layer (PSBL) in Earth's magnetotail. Observations by the Cluster spacecraft of multiple-harmonic electromagnetic waves with fundamental frequency near the local proton cyclotron frequency, ?cp, were recently reported in the plasma sheet boundary layer by Broughton et al. (2008). A companion paper surveys the entire magnetotail passage of Cluster during 2003, and reports 35 such events, all in the PSBL, and all associated with elevated fluxes of counterstreaming ions and electrons. In this study we use observed pitch angle distributions of ions and electrons during a wave event observed by Cluster on 9 September 2003 to perform an instability analysis. We use a semiautomatic procedure for developing model distributions composed of bi-Maxwellian components that minimizes the difference between modeled and observed distribution functions. Analysis of wave instability using the WHAMP electromagnetic plasma wave dispersion code and these model distributions reveals an instability near ?cp and its harmonics. The observed and model ion distributions exhibit both beam-like and ring-like features which might lead to instability. Further instability analysis with simple beam-like and ring-like model distribution functions indicates that the instability is due to the ring-like feature. Our analysis indicates that this instability persists over an enormous range in the effective ion beta (based on a best fit for the observed distribution function using a single Maxwellian distribution), ?', but that the character of the instability changes with ?'. For ?' of order unity (for instance, the observed case with ?' ˜ 0.4), the instability is predominantly electromagnetic; the fluctuating magnetic field has components in both the perpendicular and parallel directions, but the perpendicular fluctuations are larger. If ?' is greatly decreased to about 5 × 10-4 (by increasing the magnetic field), the instability becomes electrostatic. On the other hand, if ?' is increased (by decreasing the magnetic field), the instability remains electromagnetic, but becomes predominantly compressional (magnetic fluctuations predominantly parallel) at ?' ˜ 2. The ?' dependence we observe here may connect various waves at harmonics of the proton gyrofrequency found in different regions of space.
Application of abstract harmonic analysis to the high-speed recognition of images
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Usikov, D. A.
1979-01-01
Methods are constructed for rapidly computing correlation functions using the theory of abstract harmonic analysis. The theory developed includes as a particular case the familiar Fourier transform method for a correlation function which makes it possible to find images which are independent of their translation in the plane. Two examples of the application of the general theory described are the search for images, independent of their rotation and scale, and the search for images which are independent of their translations and rotations in the plane.
Investigations of Low and Moderate Harmonic Fast Wave Physics on CDX-U
J. Spaleta; R. Majeski; C.K. Phillips; R.J. Dumont; R. Kaita; V. Soukhanovskii; L. Zakharov
2003-07-14
Third harmonic hydrogen cyclotron fast wave heating studies are planned in the near term on CDX-U to investigate the potential for bulk ion heating. In preparation for these studies, the available radio-frequency power in CDX-U has been increased to 0.5 MW. The operating frequency of the CDX-U radio-frequency transmitter was lowered to operate in the range of 8-10 MHz, providing access to the ion harmonic range 2* {approx} 4* in hydrogen. A similar regime is accessible for the 30 MHz radio-frequency system on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX), at 0.6 Tesla in hydrogen. Preliminary computational studies over the plasma regimes of interest for NSTX and CDX-U indicate the possibility of strong localized absorption on bulk ion species.
Pack, Brian W; Montgomery, Laura L; Hetrick, Evan M
2015-10-01
Color measurements, including physical appearance, are important yet often misunderstood and underappreciated aspects of a control strategy for drug substances and drug products. From a patient safety perspective, color can be an important control point for detecting contamination, impurities, and degradation products, with human visual acuity often more sensitive for colored impurities than instrumental techniques such as HPLC. Physical appearance tests and solution color tests can also serve an important role in ensuring that appropriate steps are taken such that clinical trials do not become unblinded when the active material is compared with another product or a placebo. Despite the importance of color tests, compendial visual tests are not harmonized across the major pharmacopoeias, which results in ambiguous specifications of little value, difficult communication of true sample color, and significant extra work required for global registration. Some pharmacopoeias have not yet recognized or adopted technical advances in the instrumental measurement of color and appearance, whereas others begin to acknowledge the advantage of instrumental colorimetry, yet leave implementation of the technology ambiguous. This commentary will highlight the above-mentioned inconsistencies, provide an avenue toward harmonization and modernization, and outline a scientifically sound approach for implementing quantitative technologies for improved measurement, communication, and control of color and appearance for both solutions and solids. Importantly, this manuscript, for the first time, outlines a color method validation approach that is consistent with the International Conference on Harmonization's guidance on the topic of method validation. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 104:3299-3313, 2015. PMID:26173406
Advances in high-harmonic fast wave physics in the National Spherical Torus Experiment
G. Taylor; R. E. Bell; J. C. Hosea; B. P. Leblanc; C. K. Phillips; M. Podesta; E. J. Valeo; J. R. Wilson; J.-W. Ahn; G. Chen; D. L. Green; E. F. Jaeger; R. Maingi; P. M. Ryan; J. B. Wilgen; W. W. Heidbrink; D. Liu; P. T. Bonoli; T. Brecht; M. Choi; R. W. Harvey
2010-01-01
Improved core high-harmonic fast wave (HHFW) heating at longer wavelengths and during start-up and plasma current ramp-up has now been obtained by lowering the edge density with lithium wall conditioning, thereby moving the critical density for perpendicular fast-wave propagation away from the vessel wall. Lithium conditioning allowed significant HHFW core electron heating of deuterium neutral beam injection (NBI) fuelled H-mode
Boston University Physics Easy Java Simulation: Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2009-09-02
This interactive simulation offers a way for students to explore the connection between uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion. The display shows two blocks on springs oscillating horizontally, and two balls traveling in uniform motion in a circular path. The user sets initial values for the blocks: amplitude, mass, and spring constant. The two balls are automatically set to the same values. Students are able to see that the circular motion of each ball corresponds to the motion of the blocks, thus promoting understanding of the basic equation for objects undergoing simple harmonic motion. To extend the learning, users can set values for the phase angles of each block. Also included by the author is a set of suggested activities to accompany the simulation. See Related Materials for an extensive online multimedia tutorial from PhysClips on the topic of simple harmonic motion. This applet was created with EJS, Easy Java Simulations, a modeling tool that allows users without formal programming experience to generate computer models and simulations.
Electrical Rhythms Revealed by Harmonic Analysis of a High-Resolution Cardiogram.
Revenko, S V; Selector, L Ya; Gavrilov, I Yu; Nesterov, A V; Limonov, E V; Mudraya, I S; Kirpatovskii, V I
2015-05-01
The front-end low-noise electronic amplifiers and high-throughput computing systems made it possible to record ECG with a high resolution in the low-frequency range including the respiration and Mayer frequencies and to analyze ECG with digital filtering technique and harmonic analysis. These tools yielded ECG spectra of narcotized rats, which contained the characteristic pulsatile triplets and pentaplets with splitting constant equal to respiration rate, as well as the peaks at respiration and Mayer frequencies. The harmonic analysis of ECG determined the frequency parameters employed to tune the software bandpass filters, which revealed the respiratory (R) and Mayer (M) waves in the time domain with the amplitudes of 20-30 ?V amounting to 5% ECG amplitude. The depolarizing myorelaxant succinylcholine chloride capable to trigger various types of arrhythmias, transiently increased R-wave, inhibited M-wave, and provoked a negative U-wave within a heartbeat ECG cycle synchronously with inspiration. It is hypothesized that M-, R-, and U-waves in ECG reflect cardiotropic activity of autonomic nervous system. The respective spectral peaks in ECG can be employed to assess intensity of sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiotropic influences, their balance, and the risk of arrhythmias. PMID:26033579
Udagawa, Jun; Yasuda, Akira; Naito, Kanta; Otani, Hiroki
2010-09-01
The development of an organ may be affected by various growth and differentiation factors released from other organs. These factors are believed to have important effects on the development of multiple organs. To detect and analyze harmonized development among multiple organs, similarities in growth patterns among fetal organs were examined using multivariate analysis. Ninety human fetuses obtained from the Kyoto Collection of Human Embryos were dissected. Harmonized development of organs was evaluated by multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis using measurements (length, width, height, and weight) of the fetal organs. Similar growth patterns were observed between the brain, including cerebrum, diencephalon, and midbrain (cerebrum-to-midbrain [Cer-Mid]), and pituitary (crown-rump length [CRL] 95-155 mm). Further, similar growth patterns were observed between the liver and Cer-Mid and cerebellum (Cb; CRL 156-202 mm), and between Cer-Mid and Cb (CRL 203-253 mm). Similarities in growth patterns were also observed between right and left lungs (CRL 99-235 mm) and between the aorta and heart (CRL 139-187 mm), but not between the lung and pulmonary trunk. These findings revealed synchronized development among fetal organs and suggested a functional and structural relationship among different organs in the prenatal period. These relationships include the existence of common factors in organ development, such as cross-talk mediated by humoral factors, and the presence of an anatomical and functional relationship in the fetal circulatory system. PMID:20584035
Texture analysis applied to second harmonic generation image data for ovarian cancer classification
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wen, Bruce L.; Brewer, Molly A.; Nadiarnykh, Oleg; Hocker, James; Singh, Vikas; Mackie, Thomas R.; Campagnola, Paul J.
2014-09-01
Remodeling of the extracellular matrix has been implicated in ovarian cancer. To quantitate the remodeling, we implement a form of texture analysis to delineate the collagen fibrillar morphology observed in second harmonic generation microscopy images of human normal and high grade malignant ovarian tissues. In the learning stage, a dictionary of "textons"-frequently occurring texture features that are identified by measuring the image response to a filter bank of various shapes, sizes, and orientations-is created. By calculating a representative model based on the texton distribution for each tissue type using a training set of respective second harmonic generation images, we then perform classification between images of normal and high grade malignant ovarian tissues. By optimizing the number of textons and nearest neighbors, we achieved classification accuracy up to 97% based on the area under receiver operating characteristic curves (true positives versus false positives). The local analysis algorithm is a more general method to probe rapidly changing fibrillar morphologies than global analyses such as FFT. It is also more versatile than other texture approaches as the filter bank can be highly tailored to specific applications (e.g., different disease states) by creating customized libraries based on common image features.
The analysis of an electric machine with a smooth air-gap allowing for all winding MMF harmonics
F. S. van der Merwe
1976-01-01
Contents This series of papers proposes a new analysis of an electric machine, and demonstrates how the analysis should be applied by considering a couple of machine connections. As mooth air-gap is supposed, whilst full allowance is made for the effects of all possible MMF harmonics generated by stator and rotor windings, as well as the effects of different pole-phase
[Harmonic analysis fusion of hyperspectral image and its spectral information fidelity evaluation].
Yang, Keming; Zhang, Tao; Wang, Li-bo; Qian, Xiao-li; Wang, Lin-wei; Liu, Shi-wen
2013-09-01
Combined with the Hyperion hyperspectral image and ALI high spatial resolution band of the EO-1 satellite, the paper puts forward the harmonic analysis fusion (HAF) algorithm of hyperspectral image and the derivative spectral d-value's information entropy (DSD-IE) model of the spectral-fused information fidelity evaluation. Through calculating and evaluating some parameters such as the DSD-IE values, average gradient and standard deviation of the sample spectra meanwhile compared with the fused hyperspectral images by the traditional methods like the principal component analysis (PCA), Gram-Schmidt and wavelet, the fused hyperspectral iamge by the HAF has proved to have the higher information degree of spatial integration and spectral fidelity, and the better superiorities in the reliability, accuracy and applicability. PMID:24369660
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, J.; Augstein, B. B.; Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.
2013-12-01
We perform a Bohmian-trajectory analysis of high-order-harmonic generation (HHG), focusing on the fact that typical HHG spectra are best reproduced by the Bohmian trajectory starting at the innermost part of the core [J. Wu, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, Phys. Rev. A 88, 023415 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevA.88.023415]. Using ensemble averages around this central trajectory, we show that for the high-plateau and cutoff harmonics, small ensembles of Bohmian trajectories are sufficient for a quantitative agreement with the numerical solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE), while larger ensembles are necessary in the low-plateau region. Furthermore, we relate the Bohmian trajectories to the short and long trajectories encountered in the strong-field approximation (SFA) and show that the time-frequency maps from the central Bohmian trajectory overestimate the contributions of the long SFA trajectory, in comparison to the outcome of the TDSE computations. We also discuss how the time-frequency profile of the central trajectory may be influenced nonlocally by degrading the wave-packet propagation far from the core.
Flood detection from multi-temporal SAR data using harmonic analysis and change detection
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schlaffer, Stefan; Matgen, Patrick; Hollaus, Markus; Wagner, Wolfgang
2015-06-01
Flood mapping from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Most available algorithms typically focus on single-image techniques which do not take into account the backscatter signature of a land surface under non-flooded conditions. In this study, harmonic analysis of a multi-temporal time series of >500 ENVISAT Advanced SAR (ASAR) scenes with a spatial resolution of 150 m was used to characterise the seasonality in backscatter under non-flooded conditions. Pixels which were inundated during a large-scale flood event during the summer 2007 floods of the River Severn (United Kingdom) showed strong deviations from normal seasonal behaviour as inferred from the harmonic model. The residuals were classified by means of an automatic threshold optimisation algorithm after masking out areas which are unlikely to be flooded using a topography-derived index. The results were validated against a reference dataset derived from high-resolution airborne imagery. For the water class, accuracies > 80% were found for non-urban land uses. A slight underestimation of the reference flood extent can be seen, mostly due to the lower spatial resolution of the ASAR imagery. Finally, an outlook for the proposed algorithm is given in the light of the Sentinel-1 mission.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhao, Jieliang; Yan, Shaoze; Wu, Jianing
2014-05-01
Space manipulator is an important tool for spacecraft to complete a variety of tasks in space. Nowadays the harmonic drive is widely used as the reducer in the space manipulator, which may influence the dynamical properties of flexible space manipulator. The analysis of dynamic reliability and parameter sensitivity of space manipulator with harmonic drive is of significant importance for space manipulator designers in the early stage of design. The trajectory precision of the manipulator determines whether the mechanism performs normally. However, it is difficult to use the existing methods to resolve reliability apportionment issues because of the data insufficiency and the uncertainty of the relations among the components in the mechanical system. This paper establishes the dynamical models of space manipulator considering the harmonic hysteresis phenomenon derived from the harmonic reducer. A new method is proposed to analyze the dynamic reliability and parameter sensitivity of space manipulator with harmonic drive. The proposed method extends the previous response surface method (RSM) and focuses on the characteristics of the output dynamical property of the space manipulator. With the result of parameter sensitivity analysis, we can prolong the fine arm or shorten the main arm to improve the motion precision reliability of space manipulator. Therefore, our revised response surface method (RRSM) is suitable for reliability apportionment of the space manipulator when the design information has not been clearly identified, particularly in early design phrase.
Experiment Design and Analysis Guide - Neutronics & Physics
Misti A Lillo
2014-06-01
The purpose of this guide is to provide a consistent, standardized approach to performing neutronics/physics analysis for experiments inserted into the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). This document provides neutronics/physics analysis guidance to support experiment design and analysis needs for experiments irradiated in the ATR. This guide addresses neutronics/physics analysis in support of experiment design, experiment safety, and experiment program objectives and goals. The intent of this guide is to provide a standardized approach for performing typical neutronics/physics analyses. Deviation from this guide is allowed provided that neutronics/physics analysis details are properly documented in an analysis report.
Software and Analysis Tools Overview Physics Meeting
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Software and Analysis Tools Overview Bill Davis Physics Meeting B-318 Jan. 28, 2015 NSTX LLC #12;NSTX-U Monday Physics Meeting Software and Analysis Overview, Bill Davis (1/28/2015) 2 training or tools are needed? #12;NSTX-U Monday Physics Meeting Software and Analysis Overview, Bill Davis
Fast and Accurate Generalized Harmonic Analysis and Its Parallel Computation by GPU
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Noda, Hisayori; Nishihara, Akinori
A fast and accurate method for Generalized Harmonic Analysis is proposed. The proposed method estimates the parameters of a sinusoid and subtracts it from a target signal one by one. The frequency of the sinusoid is estimated around a peak of Fourier spectrum using binary search. The binary search can control the trade-off between the frequency accuracy and the computation time. The amplitude and the phase are estimated to minimize the squared sum of the residue after extraction of estimated sinusoids from the target signal. Sinusoid parameters are recalculated to reduce errors introduced by the peak detection using windowed Discrete-Time Fourier Transform. Audio signals are analyzed by the proposed method, which confirms the accuracy compared to existing methods. The proposed algorithm has high degree of concurrency and is suitable to be implemented on Graphical Processing Unit (GPU). The computational throughput can be made higher than the input audio signal rate.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lang, Xuye; Lyubovitsky, Julia
2015-07-01
Collagen hydrogels are natural biomaterials that comprise 3D networks of high water content and have viscoelastic properties and biocompatibility similar to native tissues. Consequently, these materials play an important role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine for quite some time. Second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon fluorescence (TPF) contrasts transpire as valuable label-free spectroscopic probes for analysis of these biomaterials and this presentation will report the structural, mechanical and physicochemical parameters leading to the observed optical SHG and TPF effects in synthesized 3D collagen hydrogels. We will present results regarding understanding the dependency of collagen fiber formation on ion types, new results regarding strengthening of these biomaterials with a nontoxic chemical cross-linker genipin and polarization selection of collagen fibers' orientations.
Symmetry Analysis of ZnSe(100) Surface in Air By Second Harmonic Generation
Song, X; Maripuu, R; Siegbahn, Kai; Song, Xiangyang; Neumann, Arnold; Maripuu, Rein; Siegbahn, Kai
2002-01-01
Polarized and azimuthal dependencies of optical second harmonics generation (SHG) at the surface of noncentrosymmetric semiconductor crystals have been measured on polished surfaces of ZnSe(100), using a fundamental wavelength of 1.06$\\mu m$. The SHG intensity patterns were analyzed for all four combination of p- and s-polarized incidence and output, considering both the bulk and surface optical nonlinearities in the electric dipole approximation. We found that the measurement using $S_{in}-S_{out}$ is particularly useful in determining the symmetry of the oxdized layer interface, which would lower the effective symmetry of the surface from $C_{4v}$ to $C_{2v}.$ We also have shown that the [011] and [0$\\bar{1}$1] directions can be distinguished through the analysis of p-incident and p-output confugration.
Bueno, Juan M; Palacios, Raquel; Chessey, Mary K; Ginis, Harilaos
2013-07-01
The spatial organization of stromal collagen of ex-vivo corneas has been quantified in adaptive-optics second harmonic generation (SHG) images by means of an optimized Fourier transform (FT) based analysis. At a particular depth location, adjacent lamellae often present similar orientations and run parallel to the corneal surface. However this pattern might be combined with interweaved collagen bundles leading to crosshatched structures with different orientations. The procedure here reported provides us with both principal and crosshatched angles. This is also able to automatically distinguish a random distribution from a cross-shaped one, since it uses the ratio of the axes lengths of the best-fitted ellipse of the FT data as an auxiliary parameter. The technique has successfully been applied to SHG images of healthy corneas (both stroma and Bowman's layer) of different species and to corneas undergoing cross-linking treatment. PMID:23847727
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sharifi, Mohammad Ali; Safari, Abdolreza; Masoumi, Salim; Sam Khaniani, Ali
2012-05-01
In order to investigate the regular variations of the ionosphere, the least-squares harmonic estimation is applied to the time series of ionospheric electron densities derived from about five years of Global Positioning System radio occultation observations by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites. The analysis is done for different latitudes and altitudes in the region of Iran. The least-squares harmonic estimation is found to be a powerful tool for the frequency analysis of the completely unevenly spaced time series of radio occultation measurements. Although the obtained results are slightly different from the exact expected cycles (i.e. annual and diurnal components with their Fourier decompositions, and the 27-day period) due to the low horizontal resolution of radio occultation measurements, high vertical resolution of the observations enables us to detect not only the total electron content variations but also periodic patterns of electron densities at different altitudes of the ionosphere. The dominant diurnal and annual signals together with their Fourier series decompositions are obtained, which are consistent with the previous analyses on the total electron content. In the equatorial anomaly band, the annual component is weaker than its Fourier decomposition periods. In particular, the semiannual period dominates the annual component, indicating the relationship between the semiannual variation of the electron densities and the ionospheric equatorial anomaly. From detection of the phases of the components, it is revealed that the annual signal generally has its maximum value in summers at high altitudes, and in the winters at low altitudes. This is probably due to the higher [O/N2] ratios in winter than in the summer in the lower ionosphere. Furthermore, the semiannual component mostly peaks around solstices or about a month before/after them.
Second harmonic generation microscopy for quantitative analysis of collagen fibrillar structure
Chen, Xiyi; Nadiarynkh, Oleg; Plotnikov, Sergey; Campagnola, Paul J
2013-01-01
Second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has emerged as a powerful modality for imaging fibrillar collagen in a diverse range of tissues. Because of its underlying physical origin, it is highly sensitive to the collagen fibril/fiber structure, and, importantly, to changes that occur in diseases such as cancer, fibrosis and connective tissue disorders. We discuss how SHG can be used to obtain more structural information on the assembly of collagen in tissues than is possible by other microscopy techniques. We first provide an overview of the state of the art and the physical background of SHG microscopy, and then describe the optical modifications that need to be made to a laser-scanning microscope to enable the measurements. Crucial aspects for biomedical applications are the capabilities and limitations of the different experimental configurations. We estimate that the setup and calibration of the SHG instrument from its component parts will require 2–4 weeks, depending on the level of the user’s experience. PMID:22402635
Even harmonics generation of high frequency radiation in current-carrying plasmas
Ferrante, G.; Zarcone, M.; Uryupin, S.A. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Tecnologie Relative, Universita di Palermo and Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 18, 90128 Palermo (Italy); P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Leninsky pr. 53, 119991, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2005-05-15
Generation of high frequency radiation harmonics in a current-carrying plasma is studied. The physical mechanism responsible for harmonics generation is provided by electron-ion collisions. The current in the plasma is sustained by a constant electric field. It is shown that the electron distribution function anisotropy due to the static field yields generation of even harmonics. As a result, the radiation spectrum emitted by the current-carrying plasma contains both even and odd harmonics, the latter being attributed to currentless plasma. For a broad range of plasma and high frequency radiation parameters, a detailed analysis of the even harmonics properties is reported.
Modeling physical systems by effective harmonic oscillators: The optimized quadratic approximation
Cao, Jianshu
to map a physical system described by a general potential energy function onto one consisting American Institute of Physics. I. INTRODUCTION Many challenges faced by the theorist have a single ori- gin expansions, density functional methods, wave packet dynam- ics, effective potential theories, etc. One
Castro-Palacio, Juan Carlos; Gimenez, Marcos H; Monsoriu, Juan A
2012-01-01
The mobile acceleration sensor has been used to in Physics experiments on free and damped oscillations. Results for the period, frequency, spring constant and damping constant match very well to measurements obtained by other methods. The Accelerometer Monitor application for Android has been used to get the outputs of the sensor. Perspectives for the Physics laboratory have also been discussed.
Boldt-Leppin, Brigitte E J; Hendry, M Jim
2003-01-01
A harmonic analysis method was used to determine vertical hydraulic conductivities (Kv) in geologic media between vertically separated piezometers using water level measurements. In this method, each water level time series was filtered and then decomposed using harmonic analysis into a sum of trigonometric components. The phase and amplitude of each harmonic function were calculated. These data were used to estimate Kv values between vertically separated data sets assuming one-dimensional transient flow. The method was applied to water level data collected from nested piezometers at two thick clay-rich till aquitards in Saskatchewan, Canada. At one site, routine water levels were measured in 12 piezometers (installed between 1 and 29 m below ground surface) since installation (1995). At the other site, water levels were measured in seven piezometers (installed between 4 and 53 m below ground surface) since installation (1998-1999). The Kv calculated using harmonic analysis decreased with depth below the water table at both sites, approaching matrix estimates of hydraulic conductivity between 10 and 11 m and between 21 and 43 m below ground surface. These depths reflected the depth of extensive vertical fracturing at the sites and showed that the depth of fracturing may be site specific. PMID:12873014
Cheng, Hang; Hsiao, Chia-Wen; Clymer, Jeffrey W.; Schwiers, Michael L.; Tibensky, Bryanna N.; Patel, Leena; Ferko, Nicole C.; Chekan, Edward
2015-01-01
The ultrasonic Harmonic scalpel has demonstrated clinical and surgical benefits in dissection and coagulation. To evaluate its use in gastrectomy, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the Harmonic scalpel to conventional techniques in gastrectomy for patients with gastric cancer. International databases were searched without language restrictions for comparisons in open or laparoscopic gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy. The meta-analysis used a random-effects model for all outcomes; continuous variables were analyzed for mean differences and dichotomous variables were analyzed for risk ratios. Sensitivity analyses were conducted for study quality, type of conventional technique, and imputation of study results. Ten studies (N = 935) met the inclusion criteria. Compared with conventional hemostatic techniques, the Harmonic scalpel demonstrated significant reductions in operating time (?27.5?min; P < 0.001), intraoperative blood loss (?93.2?mL; P < 0.001), and drainage volume (?138.8?mL; P < 0.001). Results were numerically higher for conventional techniques for hospital length of stay, complication risk, and transfusions but did not reach statistical significance. Results remained robust to sensitivity analyses. This meta-analysis demonstrates the clear advantages of using the Harmonic scalpel compared to conventional techniques, with improvements demonstrated across several outcome measures for patients undergoing gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy. PMID:26075090
Harmonic distortion in intracochlear pressure and its analysis to explore the cochlear amplifier
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Olson, Elizabeth S.
2004-03-01
Intracochlear pressure was measured close to the basal basilar membrane in gerbil with pure-tone stimulation. This report describes harmonic distortion in the pressure. The harmonic components were tuned in frequency and physiologically vulnerable, implying that they were related to the cell-derived force that sharpens tuning at low levels in healthy cochleae. For stimulus frequencies in the vicinity of the best frequency the harmonic distortion appeared to be produced locally, at the place of measurement. Therefore, it could be explored with a local nonlinear model. The combined model and observations demonstrate two specific points: First, the harmonics in the cell-based force were likely similar in size to the harmonics in pressure (multiplied by area) close to the basilar membrane. This is distinctly different than the situation for the fundamental component, where the cell-based force is apparently much smaller than the pressure (times area). Second, although the fundamental component of the measured pressure was much larger than its harmonic components, the harmonic and fundamental components of the active force were likely much more similar in size. This allows the harmonic components in the pressure to be used as an indirect measure of the active force.
High-dimensional Harmonic Balance Analysis for Second-order Delay-differential Equations
method are highlighted and discussed. Key words: Circadian rhythm, delay-differential equations, harmonic: This paper demonstrates the utility of the high-dimensional harmonic balance (HDHB) method for locating limit cycles of second-order delay-differential equations (DDEs). A matrix version of the HDHB method
Scheduling Data Intensive Particle Physics Analysis Jobs
Hersch, Roger D.
Scheduling Data Intensive Particle Physics Analysis Jobs on Clusters of PCs S. Ponce European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN) Information Technology Department CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland are proposed for parallelizing data intensive particle physics analysis ap- plications on computer clusters
Tilbury, Karissa; Hocker, James; Wen, Bruce L.; Sandbo, Nathan; Singh, Vikas; Campagnola, Paul J.
2014-01-01
Abstract. Patients with idiopathic fibrosis (IPF) have poor long-term survival as there are limited diagnostic/prognostic tools or successful therapies. Remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) has been implicated in IPF progression; however, the structural consequences on the collagen architecture have not received considerable attention. Here, we demonstrate that second harmonic generation (SHG) and multiphoton fluorescence microscopy can quantitatively differentiate normal and IPF human tissues. For SHG analysis, we developed a classifier based on wavelet transforms, principle component analysis, and a K-nearest-neighbor algorithm to classify the specific alterations of the collagen structure observed in IPF tissues. The resulting ROC curves obtained by varying the numbers of principal components and nearest neighbors yielded accuracies of >95%. In contrast, simpler metrics based on SHG intensity and collagen coverage in the image provided little or no discrimination. We also characterized the change in the elastin/collagen balance by simultaneously measuring the elastin autofluorescence and SHG intensities and found that the IPF tissues were less elastic relative to collagen. This is consistent with known mechanical consequences of the disease. Understanding ECM remodeling in IPF via nonlinear optical microscopy may enhance our ability to differentiate patients with rapid and slow progression and, thus, provide better prognostic information. PMID:25134793
Analysis of Second Harmonic Generation of a KDP crystal based on multi-scale topography simulation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Hai Tao; Su, Rui Feng; Sun, Ya Zhou; Wang, He Ran
2015-04-01
The surface topography of the supporting frame of a KDP crystal is studied, as well as its influence on the deformation and stress of the KDP crystal, together with the Second Harmonic Generation (SHG). A comprehensive model incorporating principles of multi-scale surface analysis, mechanics, and optics is proposed, and it is applied to investigate the surface topography of the supporting frame, the deformation and stress of the KDP crystal, as well as the SHG efficiency. The surface topography is analyzed using fractural theory, and then classified according to its multi-scale specifics. Based on the surface analysis results, the mounting configuration of the KDP crystal is modeled and analyzed in global and local modes, respectively, using the Finite Element Method (FEM). Moreover, deformation and stress of the KDP crystal that is induced by the mechanical mounting is studied using the FEM, together with the effects of the surface topography on them. Furthermore, the change of the refractive index that induced by the deformation and stress are calculated, respectively, the results of which is applied to studied the phase mismatch, and the SHG efficiency considering the phase mismatch is eventually obtained. The numerical results demonstrate that the frame surface with multi-scale dimensions has diverse influences on the distortion and stress, as well as the SHG efficiency.
Physics: A New Reactor Physics Analysis Toolkit
C. Rabiti; Y. Wang; G. Palmiotti; H. Hiruta; J. Cogliati; A. Alfonsi
2011-06-01
In the last year INL has internally pursued the development of a new reactor analysis tool: PHISICS. The software is built in a modular approach to simplify the independent development of modules by different teams and future maintenance. Most of the modules at the time of this summary are still under development (time dependent transport driver, depletion, cross section I/O and interpolation, generalized perturbation theory), while the transport solver INSTANT (Intelligent Nodal and Semi-structured Treatment for Advanced Neutron Transport) has already been widely used1, 2, 3, 4. For this reason we will focus mainly on the presentation of the transport solver INSTANT
Fourier Analysis in Introductory Physics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Huggins, Elisha
2007-01-01
In an after-dinner talk at the fall 2005 meeting of the New England chapter of the AAPT, Professor Robert Arns drew an analogy between classical physics and Classic Coke. To generations of physics teachers and textbook writers, classical physics was the real thing. Modern physics, which in introductory textbooks "appears in one or more extra…
Lacoste, David
2015-01-01
of description of this system: the Markovian level for which the trajectories of all the particles of the chainPHYSICAL REVIEW E 91, 022114 (2015) Stochastic thermodynamics of a tagged particle within are known and the non-Markovian level in which only the motion of a tagged particle is available. For each
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Butet, Jérémy; Dutta-Gupta, Shourya; Martin, Olivier J. F.
2014-06-01
The surface second-harmonic generation from interacting spherical plasmonic nanoparticles building different clusters (symmetric and asymmetric dimers, trimers) is theoretically investigated. The plasmonic eigenmodes of the nanoparticle clusters are first determined using an ab initio approach based on the Green's functions method. This method provides the properties, such as the resonant wavelengths, of the modes sustained by a given cluster. The fundamental and second-harmonic responses of the corresponding clusters are then calculated using a surface integral method. The symmetry of both the linear and nonlinear responses is investigated, as well as their relationship. It is shown that the second-harmonic generation can be significantly enhanced when the fundamental field is such that its second harmonic matches modes with suitable symmetry. The role played by the nanogaps in second-harmonic generation is also underlined. The results presented in this article demonstrate that the properties of the second-harmonic generation from coupled metallic nanoparticles cannot be fully predicted from their linear response only, while, on the other hand, a detailed knowledge of the underlying modal structure can be used to optimize the generation of the second harmonic.
Harmonic analysis for the characterization and correction of geometric distortion in MRI
Tadic, Tony Stanescu, Teodor; Jaffray, David A.
2014-11-01
Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is gaining widespread use in radiation therapy planning, patient setup verification, and real-time guidance of radiation delivery. Successful implementation of these technologies relies on the development of simple and efficient methods to characterize and monitor the geometric distortions arising due to system imperfections and gradient nonlinearities. To this end, the authors present the theory and validation of a novel harmonic approach to the quantification of system-related distortions in MRI. Methods: The theory of spatial encoding in MRI is applied to demonstrate that the 3D distortion vector field (DVF) is given by the solution of a second-order boundary value problem (BVP). This BVP is comprised of Laplace’s equation and a limited measurement of the distortion on the boundary of a specified region of interest (ROI). An analytical series expansion solving this BVP within a spherical ROI is obtained, and a statistical uncertainty analysis is performed to determine how random errors in the boundary measurements propagate to the ROI interior. This series expansion is then evaluated to obtain volumetric DVF mappings that are compared to reference data obtained on a 3 T full-body scanner. This validation is performed within two spheres of 20 cm diameter (one centered at the scanner origin and the other offset +3 cm along each of the transverse directions). Initially, a high-order mapping requiring measurements at 5810 boundary points is used. Then, after exploring the impact of the boundary sampling density and the effect of series truncation, a reduced-order mapping requiring measurements at 302 boundary points is evaluated. Results: The volumetric DVF mappings obtained from the harmonic analysis are in good agreement with the reference data. Following distortion correction using the high-order mapping, the authors estimate a reduction in the mean distortion magnitude from 0.86 to 0.42 mm and from 0.93 to 0.39 mm within the central and offset ROIs, respectively. In addition, the fraction of points with a distortion magnitude greater than 1 mm is reduced from 35.6% to 2.8% and from 40.4% to 1.5%, respectively. Similarly, following correction using the reduced-order mapping, the mean distortion magnitude reduces to 0.45–0.42 mm within the central and offset ROIs, and the fraction of points with a distortion magnitude greater than 1 mm is reduced to 2.8% and 1.5%, respectively. Conclusions: A novel harmonic approach to the characterization of system-related distortions in MRI is presented. This method permits a complete and accurate mapping of the DVF within a specified ROI using a limited measurement of the distortion on the ROI boundary. This technique eliminates the requirement to exhaustively sample the DVF at a dense 3D array of points, thereby permitting the design of simple, inexpensive phantoms that may incorporate additional modules for auxiliary quality assurance objectives.
RUSHMAPS: Real-Time Uploadable Spherical Harmonic Moment Analysis for Particle Spectrometers
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Figueroa-Vinas, Adolfo
2013-01-01
RUSHMAPS is a new onboard data reduction scheme that gives real-time access to key science parameters (e.g. moments) of a class of heliophysics science and/or solar system exploration investigation that includes plasma particle spectrometers (PPS), but requires moments reporting (density, bulk-velocity, temperature, pressure, etc.) of higher-level quality, and tolerates a lowpass (variable quality) spectral representation of the corresponding particle velocity distributions, such that telemetry use is minimized. The proposed methodology trades access to the full-resolution velocity distribution data, saving on telemetry, for real-time access to both the moments and an adjustable-quality (increasing quality increases volume) spectral representation of distribution functions. Traditional onboard data storage and downlink bandwidth constraints severely limit PPS system functionality and drive cost, which, as a consequence, drives a limited data collection and lower angular energy and time resolution. This prototypical system exploit, using high-performance processing technology at GSFC (Goddard Space Flight Center), uses a SpaceCube and/or Maestro-type platform for processing. These processing platforms are currently being used on the International Space Station as a technology demonstration, and work is currently ongoing in a new onboard computation system for the Earth Science missions, but they have never been implemented in heliospheric science or solar system exploration missions. Preliminary analysis confirms that the targeted processor platforms possess the processing resources required for realtime application of these algorithms to the spectrometer data. SpaceCube platforms demonstrate that the target architecture possesses the sort of compact, low-mass/power, radiation-tolerant characteristics needed for flight. These high-performing hybrid systems embed unprecedented amounts of onboard processing power in the CPU (central processing unit), FPGAs (field programmable gate arrays), and DSP (digital signal processing) elements. The fundamental computational algorithm de constructs 3D velocity distributions in terms of spherical harmonic spectral coefficients (which are analogous to a Fourier sine-cosine decomposition), but uses instead spherical harmonics Legendre polynomial orthogonal functions as a basis for the expansion, portraying each 2D angular distribution at every energy or, geometrically, spherical speed-shell swept by the particle spectrometer. Optionally, these spherical harmonic spectral coefficients may be telemetered to the ground. These will provide a smoothed description of the velocity distribution function whose quality will depend on the number of coefficients determined. Successfully implemented on the GSFC-developed processor, the capability to integrate the proposed methodology with both heritage and anticipated future plasma particle spectrometer designs is demonstrated (with sufficiently detailed design analysis to advance TRL) to show specific science relevancy with future HSD (Heliophysics Science Division) solar-interplanetary, planetary missions, sounding rockets and/or CubeSat missions.
Ren, Zhen-Hu; Xu, Jian-Lin; Fan, Teng-Fei; Ji, Tong; Wu, Han-Jiang; Zhang, Chen-Ping
2015-01-01
Objective Neck dissection is the most definitive and effective treatment for head and neck cancer. This systematic review aims to compare the efficacy and surgical outcomes of neck dissection between the harmonic scalpel and conventional surgical techniques and conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of the randomized trials. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified from the major electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library) using the keywords ‘‘harmonic scalpel’’ and ‘‘neck dissection,’’ and a quantitative meta-analysis was conducted. The operative time and intraoperative bleeding were the primary outcome measures, and other parameters assessed included the drainage fluid volume and length of hospital stay. Results Seven trials that met the inclusion criteria included 406 neck dissection cases (201 in the harmonic scalpel group). Compared with conventional surgical techniques, the HS group had an operative time that was significantly reduced by 29.3 minutes [mean difference: -29.29; 95% CI = (-44.26, -14.32); P=0.0001], a reduction in intraoperative bleeding by 141.1 milliliters [mean difference: -141.13; 95% CI = (-314.99, 32.73); P=0.11], and a reduction in drainage fluid volume by 64.9 milliliters [mean difference: -64.86; 95% CI = (-110.40, -19.32); P=0.005] , but it is not significant after removal of studies driving heterogeneity. There was no significant difference in the length of the hospital stay [mean difference: -0.21; 95% CI = (-0.48, 0.07); P=0.14]. Conclusion This systematic review showed that using the harmonic scalpel for neck dissection significantly reduces the operative time and drainage fluid volume and that it is not associated with an increased length of hospital stay or perioperative complications. Therefore, the harmonic scalpel method is safe and effective for neck dissection. However, the statistical heterogeneity was high. Further studies are required to substantiate our findings. PMID:26161897
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marvian, Iman; Spekkens, Robert W.
2014-12-01
Finding the consequences of symmetry for open-system quantum dynamics is a problem with broad applications, including describing thermal relaxation, deriving quantum limits on the performance of amplifiers, and exploring quantum metrology in the presence of noise. The symmetry of the dynamics may reflect a symmetry of the fundamental laws of nature or a symmetry of a low-energy effective theory, or it may describe a practical restriction such as the lack of a reference frame. In this paper, we apply some tools of harmonic analysis together with ideas from quantum information theory to this problem. The central idea is to study the decomposition of quantum operations—in particular, states, measurements, and channels—into different modes, which we call modes of asymmetry. Under symmetric processing, a given mode of the input is mapped to the corresponding mode of the output, implying that one can only generate a given output if the input contains all of the necessary modes. By defining monotones that quantify the asymmetry in a particular mode, we also derive quantitative constraints on the resources of asymmetry that are required to simulate a given asymmetric operation. We present applications of our results for deriving bounds on the probability of success in nondeterministic state transitions, such as quantum amplification, and a simplified formalism for studying the degradation of quantum reference frames.
Iman Marvian; Robert W. Spekkens
2014-12-05
Finding the consequences of symmetry for open system quantum dynamics is a problem with broad applications, including describing thermal relaxation, deriving quantum limits on the performance of amplifiers, and exploring quantum metrology in the presence of noise. The symmetry of the dynamics may reflect a symmetry of the fundamental laws of nature, a symmetry of a low-energy effective theory, or it may describe a practical restriction such as the lack of a reference frame. In this paper, we apply some tools of harmonic analysis together with ideas from quantum information theory to this problem. The central idea is to study the decomposition of quantum operations---in particular, states, measurements and channels---into different modes, which we call modes of asymmetry. Under symmetric processing, a given mode of the input is mapped to the corresponding mode of the output, implying that one can only generate a given output if the input contains all of the necessary modes. By defining monotones that quantify the asymmetry in a particular mode, we also derive quantitative constraints on the resources of asymmetry that are required to simulate a given asymmetric operation. We present applications of our results for deriving bounds on the probability of success in nondeterministic state transitions, such as quantum amplification, and a simplified formalism for studying the degradation of quantum reference frames.
Liao, Yi-Hua; Kuo, Wei-Cheng; Chou, Sin-Yo; Tsai, Cheng-Shiun; Lin, Guan-Liang; Tsai, Ming-Rung; Shih, Yuan-Ta; Lee, Gwo-Giun; Sun, Chi-Kuang
2014-09-01
Chronological skin aging is associated with flattening of the dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ), but to date no quantitative analysis focusing on the aging changes in the dermal papillae (DP) has been performed. The aim of the study is to determine the architectural changes and the collagen density related to chronological aging in the dermal papilla zone (DPZ) by in vivo harmonic generation microscopy (HGM) with a sub-femtoliter spatial resolution. We recruited 48 Asian subjects and obtained in vivo images on the sun-protected volar forearm. Six parameters were defined to quantify 3D morphological changes of the DPZ, which we analyzed both manually and computationally to study their correlation with age. The depth of DPZ, the average height of isolated DP, and the 3D interdigitation index decreased with age, while DP number density, DP volume, and the collagen density in DP remained constant over time. In vivo high-resolution HGM technology has uncovered chronological aging-related variations in DP, and sheds light on real-time quantitative skin fragility assessment and disease diagnostics based on collagen density and morphology. PMID:25401037
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Andrews, David L.; Romero, Luciana C. Davila
2009-01-01
The dynamical behaviour of simple harmonic motion can be found in numerous natural phenomena. Within the quantum realm of atomic, molecular and optical systems, two main features are associated with harmonic oscillations: a finite ground-state energy and equally spaced quantum energy levels. Here it is shown that there is in fact a one-to-one…
Chu, Shih-I
2013-01-01
ionization and high-order-harmonic generation driven by intense frequency-comb laser fields: An ab initio-order-harmonic generation (HHG) of atoms and molecules by means of intense frequency-comb laser fields. We show that the nonperiodically or quasiperiodically time-dependent Schr¨odinger equation for the frequency-comb laser excitation
Analysis of Astrophysics and Particle Physics Data
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Analysis of Astrophysics and Particle Physics Data using Optimal Segmentation Jeffrey #12;Outline Goal: Detect/Characterize Local Structures Data Cells Piecewise Constant Models Fitness Functions Optimization Error analysis Interpretation Extension to Higher Dimensions #12;The Main Goal
Harmonic moment dynamics in Laplacian growth
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Leshchiner, Alexander; Thrasher, Matthew; Mineev-Weinstein, Mark B.; Swinney, Harry L.
2010-01-01
Harmonic moments are integrals of integer powers of z=x+iy over a domain. Here, the domain is an exterior of a bubble of air growing in an oil layer between two horizontal closely spaced plates. Harmonic moments are a natural basis for such Laplacian growth phenomena because, unlike other representations, these moments linearize the zero surface tension problem [S. Richardson, J. Fluid Mech. 56, 609 (1972)], so that all moments except the lowest one (the area of the bubble) are conserved in time. In our experiments, we directly determine the harmonic moments and show that for nonzero surface tension, all moments (except the lowest one) decay in time rather than exhibiting the divergences of other representations. Further, we derive an expression that relates the derivative of the kth harmonic moment Mk to measurable quantities (surface tension, viscosity, the distance between the plates, and a line integral over the contour encompassing the growing bubble). The laboratory observations are in good accord with the expression we derive for dMk/dt , which is proportional to the surface tension; thus in the zero surface tension limit, the moments (above k=0 ) are all conserved, in accord with Richardson’s theory. In addition, from the measurements of the time evolution of the harmonic moments we obtain a value for the surface tension that is within 20% of the accepted value. In conclusion, our analysis and laboratory observations demonstrate that an interface dynamics description in terms of harmonic moments is physically realizable and robust.
Spherical cap harmonic analysis of the Arctic ionospheric TEC for one solar cycle
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; An, Jiachun; Wang, Zemin; Hyyppa, Juha
2014-01-01
Precise knowledge of the Arctic ionosphere total electron content (TEC) and its variations has scientific relevance due to the unique characteristics of the polar ionosphere. Understanding the Arctic TEC is also important for precise positioning and navigation in the Arctic. This study utilized the spherical cap harmonic analysis (SCHA) method to map the Arctic TEC for the most recent solar cycle from 2000 to 2013 and analyzed the distributions and variations of the Arctic TEC at different temporal and spatial scales. Even with different ionosphere conditions during the solar cycle, the results showed that the existing International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Service stations are sufficient for mapping the Arctic TEC. The SCHA method provides adequate accuracy and resolution to analyze the spatiotemporal distributions and variations of the Arctic TEC under different ionosphere conditions and to track ionization patches in this polar region (e.g., the ionization event of 26 September 2011). The results derived from the SCHA model were compared to direct observations using the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network radar. The SCHA method is able to predict the TEC in the long and short terms. This paper presented a long-term prediction with a relative uncertainty of 75% for a latency of one solar cycle and a short-term prediction with errors of ±2.2 total electron content units (TECUs, 1 TECU = 1016 el m-2), ±3.8 TECU, and ±4.8 TECU for a latency of 1, 2, and 3 days, respectively. The SCHA is an effective method for mapping, predicting, and analyzing the Arctic TEC.
Cryns, Jackson W.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano; Silvers, Kurt L.
2013-07-01
Formal journal article Experimental analysis of a piezoelectric energy harvesting system for harmonic, random, and sine on random vibration Abstract: Harvesting power with a piezoelectric vibration powered generator using a full-wave rectifier conditioning circuit is experimentally compared for varying sinusoidal, random and sine on random (SOR) input vibration scenarios. Additionally, the implications of source vibration characteristics on harvester design are discussed. Studies in vibration harvesting have yielded numerous alternatives for harvesting electrical energy from vibrations but piezoceramics arose as the most compact, energy dense means of energy transduction. The rise in popularity of harvesting energy from ambient vibrations has made piezoelectric generators commercially available. Much of the available literature focuses on maximizing harvested power through nonlinear processing circuits that require accurate knowledge of generator internal mechanical and electrical characteristics and idealization of the input vibration source, which cannot be assumed in general application. In this manuscript, variations in source vibration and load resistance are explored for a commercially available piezoelectric generator. We characterize the source vibration by its acceleration response for repeatability and transcription to general application. The results agree with numerical and theoretical predictions for in previous literature that load optimal resistance varies with transducer natural frequency and source type, and the findings demonstrate that significant gains are seen with lower tuned transducer natural frequencies for similar source amplitudes. Going beyond idealized steady state sinusoidal and simplified random vibration input, SOR testing allows for more accurate representation of real world ambient vibration. It is shown that characteristic interactions from more complex vibrational sources significantly alter power generation and power processing requirements by increasing harvested power, shifting optimal conditioning impedance, inducing significant voltage supply fluctuations and ultimately rendering idealized sinusoidal and random analyses insufficient.
Green, M.I.; Sponsel, R.; Sylvester, C.
1993-05-01
The SSCL collider arc and high energy booster corrector magnets are 50 mm bore cryogenic magnets. The integral strength and harmonics will be measured by industry at full current at 4.2 K and at plus and minus 400 mA at room temperature. Dipoles, quadrupoles, and sextupoles have error tolerances of a few tens of units. A prototype harmonic analysis system for magnetic measurements of production and prototype dipole, quadrupole and sextupole magnets has been designed and is being fabricated. We describe the criteria for search coil designs, data acquisition system hardware and software. Radial search coil arrays are being fabricated utilizing multifilar wire. Two digital integrators will allow simultaneous accumulation of unbucked and bucked configurations.
Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Parker, R. G.
2012-06-01
The dynamics of wind turbine planetary gears with gravity effects are investigated using an extended harmonic balance method that extends established harmonic balance formulations to include simultaneous internal and external excitations. The extended harmonic balance method with arc-length continuation and Floquet theory is applied to a lumped-parameter planetary gear model including gravity, fluctuating mesh stiffness, bearing clearance, and nonlinear tooth contact to obtain the planetary gear dynamic response. The calculated responses compare well with time domain integrated mathematical models and experimental results. Gravity is a fundamental vibration source in wind turbine planetary gears and plays an important role in system dynamics, causing hardening effects induced by tooth wedging and bearing-raceway contacts. Bearing clearance significantly reduces the lowest resonant frequencies of translational modes. Gravity and bearing clearance together lowers the speed at which tooth wedging occurs lower than the resonant frequency.
Multielectron Correlation in High-Harmonic Generation: A 2D Model Analysis
Sukiasyan, Suren [Physics Department and Center for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, 150 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5 (Canada); National Research Council, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); McDonald, Chris; Destefani, Carlos; Brabec, Thomas [Physics Department and Center for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, 150 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5 (Canada); Ivanov, Misha Yu. [National Research Council, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)
2009-06-05
We analyze the role of multielectron dynamics in high-harmonic generation spectroscopy, using an example of a two-electron system. We identify and systematically quantify the importance of correlation and exchange effects. One of the main sources for correlation is identified to be the polarization of the ion by the recombining continuum electron. This effect, which plays an important qualitative and quantitative role, seriously undermines the validity of the standard approaches to high-harmonic generation, which ignore the contribution of excited ionic states to the radiative recombination of the continuum electron.
Analysis of the second harmonic generation of a femtosecond optical frequency comb
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wei, Dong; Aketagawa, Masato
2014-12-01
The second harmonic generation (SHG) of a femtosecond optical frequency comb (FOFC) has been studied. This work focuses on the SHG frequencies that are generated by the mixing of even-numbered frequency components from the original comb with odd-numbered components. It is observed that the generation of those frequencies is the reason the original FOFC and FOFC-based SHG signal have the same repetition frequency. The theoretical derivation agrees with the result of an optical experiment. Our results may be of use with the high-harmonic-generation process and FOFC-based SHG applications, including high-resolution spectroscopy, attosecond pulse generation, and precision length measurement.
Multidimensional high harmonic spectroscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bruner, Barry D.; Soifer, Hadas; Shafir, Dror; Serbinenko, Valeria; Smirnova, Olga; Dudovich, Nirit
2015-09-01
High harmonic generation (HHG) has opened up a new frontier in ultrafast science where attosecond time resolution and Angstrom spatial resolution are accessible in a single measurement. However, reconstructing the dynamics under study is limited by the multiple degrees of freedom involved in strong field interactions. In this paper we describe a new class of measurement schemes for resolving attosecond dynamics, integrating perturbative nonlinear optics with strong-field physics. These approaches serve as a basis for multidimensional high harmonic spectroscopy. Specifically, we show that multidimensional high harmonic spectroscopy can measure tunnel ionization dynamics with high precision, and resolves the interference between multiple ionization channels. In addition, we show how multidimensional HHG can function as a type of lock-in amplifier measurement. Similar to multi-dimensional approaches in nonlinear optical spectroscopy that have resolved correlated femtosecond dynamics, multi-dimensional high harmonic spectroscopy reveals the underlying complex dynamics behind attosecond scale phenomena.
Zakaria, W.S. [United Arab Emirates Univ., El-Ain (United Arab Emirates)] [United Arab Emirates Univ., El-Ain (United Arab Emirates); Shaltout, A.A. [Cairo Univ. (Egypt)] [Cairo Univ. (Egypt); Alwash, S.R. [Jordan Univ. of Science and Technology, Irbid (Jordan)] [Jordan Univ. of Science and Technology, Irbid (Jordan)
1996-09-01
The merits of the new slip-energy recovery drive system that has been proposed in Part 1 of this paper is demonstrated here. Experimental work is carried out to verify the simulated models of the proposed and conventional systems. Furthermore, harmonic analysis of both systems is conducted analytically and confirmed numerically using the FFT. The main feature of the new proposed system is the significant reduction in the harmonics of the rotor flux linkage. This leads to substantial reductions in the stator current harmonics. Moreover, the pulsating components in the developed electromagnetic torque are also reduced significantly in the new proposed system.
Ecological performance optimization analysis of a new irreversible quantum harmonic heat engine
Xian He; Jizhou He; Yuling Xiao
2011-01-01
A new cycle model of an irreversible quantum harmonic heat engine is established in this paper, which is composed of two isothermal processes, an adiabatic process and a constant frequency process. Based on the quantum master equation and semi-group approach, the general optimal performance characteristics of the cycle are investigated. Expressions for several important performance parameters such as the efficiency,
Ecological performance optimization analysis of a new irreversible quantum harmonic heat engine
Xian He; Jizhou He; Yuling Xiao
2011-01-01
n Abstract-A new cycle model of an irreversible quantum harmonic heat engine is established in this paper, which is composed of two isothermal processes, an adiabatic process and a constant fre quency process. Based on the quantum master equation and semi-group approach, the general optimal performance characteristics of the cycle are investigated. Expressions for several important performance parameters such as
Abhayapala, Thushara D.
high- light an efficient general representation of a sound field us- ing spherical harmonics. We sources. A gen- eral representation of the sound field inside that obeys the Helmholtz wave equation of non-isotropic sound fields and (ii) to quantify the improvements to equalizer robustness that can
Keller, Ursula
generation T. Auguste* and P. SaliÃ¨res CEAÂSaclay, IRAMIS, Service des Photons, Atomes et MolÃ©cules, F-91191, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom E. Cormier CELIA, CNRS-CEAÂUniversitÃ© Bordeaux 1, 351 Cours de la in high-order harmonic generation. Simulations of the single-atom response allow us to calculate
A physical analysis of mechanical computability
Lindell, Steven
· An analysis of mechanical computability Mental perspective (memory & thoughts) Physical perspective (mass' computation in which the memory and thought(n) thought = amount of delay in the control ignore constants of proportionality by only looking at rates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weijtjens, Wout; Lataire, John; Devriendt, Christof; Guillaume, Patrick
2014-12-01
Periodical loads, such as waves and rotating machinery, form a problem for operational modal analysis (OMA). In OMA only the vibrations of a structure of interest are measured and little to nothing is known about the loads causing these vibrations. Therefore, it is often assumed that all dynamics in the measured data are linked to the system of interest. Periodical loads defy this assumption as their periodical behavior is often visible within the measured vibrations. As a consequence most OMA techniques falsely associate the dynamics of the periodical load with the system of interest. Without additional information about the load, one is not able to correctly differentiate between structural dynamics and the dynamics of the load. In several applications, e.g. turbines and helicopters, it was observed that because of periodical loads one was unable to correctly identify one or multiple modes. Transmissibility based OMA (TOMA) is a completely different approach to OMA. By using transmissibility functions to estimate the structural dynamics of the system of interest, all influence of the load-spectrum can be eliminated. TOMA therefore allows to identify the modal parameters without being influenced by the presence of periodical loads, such as harmonics. One of the difficulties of TOMA is that the analyst is required to find two independent datasets, each associated with a different loading condition of the system of interest. This poses a dilemma for TOMA; how can an analyst identify two different loading conditions when little is known about the loads on the system? This paper tackles that problem by assuming that the loading conditions vary continuously over time, e.g. the changing wind directions. From this assumption TOMA is developed into a time-varying framework. This development allows TOMA to not only cope with the continuously changing loading conditions. The time-varying framework also enables the identification of the modal parameters from a single dataset. Moreover, the time-varying TOMA approach can be implemented in such a way that the analyst no longer has to identify different loading conditions. For these combined reasons the time-varying TOMA is less dependent on the user and requires less testing time than the earlier TOMA-technique.
Theoretical Analysis for Obtaining Physical Properties of Composite Electrodes
Weidner, John W.
Theoretical Analysis for Obtaining Physical Properties of Composite Electrodes Parthasarathy M analysis is presented that allows in situ measurements of the physical properties of a composite electrode polarizations under three different experimental configurations. This analysis allows the physical properties
Strong-Field Many-Body Physics and the Giant Enhancement in the High-Harmonic Spectrum of Xenon
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pabst, Stefan; Santra, Robin
2013-12-01
We resolve an open question about the origin of the giant enhancement in the high-harmonic generation spectrum of atomic xenon around 100 eV. By solving the many-body time-dependent Schrödinger equation with all 4d, 5s, and 5p orbitals active, we truly demonstrate the enhancement results from the collective many-body excitation induced by the returning photoelectron via two-body interchannel interactions. Without the many-body interactions, which promote a 4d electron into the 5p vacancy created by strong-field ionization, no collective excitation and no enhancement in the high-harmonic generation spectrum exist.
Advanced Analysis Methods in High Energy Physics
Pushpalatha C. Bhat
2001-10-03
During the coming decade, high energy physics experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron and around the globe will use very sophisticated equipment to record unprecedented amounts of data in the hope of making major discoveries that may unravel some of Nature's deepest mysteries. The discovery of the Higgs boson and signals of new physics may be around the corner. The use of advanced analysis techniques will be crucial in achieving these goals. The author discusses some of the novel methods of analysis that could prove to be particularly valuable for finding evidence of any new physics, for improving precision measurements and for exploring parameter spaces of theoretical models.
Tilli, Andrea; Conficoni, Christian
2011-01-01
In this chapter some results related to Shunt Active Filters (SAFs) and obtained by the authors and some coauthors are reported. SAFs are complex power electronics equipments adopted to compensate for cur-rent harmonic pollution in electric mains, due to nonlinear loads. By using a proper "floating" capacitor as energy reservoir, the SAF purpose is to inject in the line grid currents canceling the polluting har-monics. Control algorithms play a key role for such devices and, in general, in many power electronics applications. Moreover, systems theory is crucial, since it is the mathematical tool that enables a deep understanding of the involved dynamics of such systems, allowing a correct dimensioning, beside an effective control. As a matter of facts, current injection objective can be straightforwardly formulated as an output tracking control problem. In this fashion, the structural and insidious marginally-stable internal/zero dynamics of SAFs can be immediately highlighted and characterized in terms of si...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Leadenham, S.; Erturk, A.
2014-11-01
Over the past few years, nonlinear oscillators have been given growing attention due to their ability to enhance the performance of energy harvesting devices by increasing the frequency bandwidth. Duffing oscillators are a type of nonlinear oscillator characterized by a symmetric hardening or softening cubic restoring force. In order to realize the cubic nonlinearity in a cantilever at reasonable excitation levels, often an external magnetic field or mechanical load is imposed, since the inherent geometric nonlinearity would otherwise require impractically high excitation levels to be pronounced. As an alternative to magnetoelastic structures and other complex forms of symmetric Duffing oscillators, an M-shaped nonlinear bent beam with clamped end conditions is presented and investigated for bandwidth enhancement under base excitation. The proposed M-shaped oscillator made of spring steel is very easy to fabricate as it does not require extra discrete components to assemble, and furthermore, its asymmetric nonlinear behavior can be pronounced yielding broadband behavior under low excitation levels. For a prototype configuration, linear and nonlinear system parameters extracted from experiments are used to develop a lumped-parameter mathematical model. Quadratic damping is included in the model to account for nonlinear dissipative effects. A multi-term harmonic balance solution is obtained to study the effects of higher harmonics and a constant term. A single-term closed-form frequency response equation is also extracted and compared with the multi-term harmonic balance solution. It is observed that the single-term solution overestimates the frequency of upper saddle-node bifurcation point and underestimates the response magnitude in the large response branch. Multi-term solutions can be as accurate as time-domain solutions, with the advantage of significantly reduced computation time. Overall, substantial bandwidth enhancement with increasing base excitation is validated experimentally, analytically, and numerically. As compared to the 3 dB bandwidth of the corresponding linear system with the same linear damping ratio, the M-shaped oscillator offers 3200, 5600, and 8900 percent bandwidth enhancement at the root-mean-square base excitation levels of 0.03g, 0.05g, and 0.07g, respectively. The M-shaped configuration can easily be exploited in piezoelectric and electromagnetic energy harvesting as well as their hybrid combinations due to the existence of both large strain and kinetic energy regions. A demonstrative case study is given for electromagnetic energy harvesting, revealing the importance of higher harmonics and the need for multi-term harmonic balance analysis for predicting the electrical power output accurately.
Analysis of the harmonic and intermodulation distortion in a multimode fiber optic link
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gasulla, I.; Capmany, J.
2007-07-01
We present an analytical evaluation of the harmonic and the intermodulation distortion effects produced in the transmission of an analog signal composed of various RF tones through a multimode fiber link. It is based on the electric field propagation model previously published by the authors. Results show the possibility of implementing subcarrier multiplexing techniques (SCM) with Composite Second Order (CSO) values below -50 dBc over short and middle reach multimode fiber links.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Romijn, Elisabeth I.; Lilledahl, Magnus B.
2013-02-01
One of the main advantages of nonlinear microscopy is that it provides 3D imaging capability. Second harmonic generation is widely used to image the 3D structure of collagen fibers, and several works have highlighted the modification of the collagen fiber fabric in important diseases. By using an ellipsoidal specific fitting technique on the Fourier transformed image, we show, using both synthetic images and SHG images from cartilage, that the 3D direction of the collagen fibers can be robustly determined.
Hiroo Tarao; Noriyuki Hayashi; Katsuo Isaka
2003-01-01
In this paper, induced currents in an anatomical head model exposed to a non-uniform ELF magnetic field (B-field) including harmonics are numerically calculated, and are discussed based on the basic restriction established by International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). A casual hair dryer of 100V and 1.2kW is chosen as a typical source of the non-uniform B-field including both
Harmonic analysis of tides and tidal currents in South San Francisco Bay, California
Cheng, R.T.; Gartner, J.W.
1985-01-01
Water level observations from tide stations and current observations from current-meter moorings in South San Francisco Bay (South Bay), California have been harmonically analysed. At each tide station, 13 harmonic constituents have been computed by a least-squares regression without inference. Tides in South Bay are typically mixed; there is a phase lag of approximately 1 h and an amplification of 1??5 from north to south for a mean semi-diurnal tide. Because most of the current-meter records are between 14 and 29 days, only the five most important harmonics have been solved for east-west and north-south velocity components. The eccentricity of tidal-current ellipse is generally very small, which indicates that the tidal current in South Bay is strongly bidirectional. The analyses further show that the principal direction and the magnitude of tidal current are well correlated with the basin bathymetry. Patterns of Eulerian residual circulation deduced from the current-meter data show an anticlockwise gyre to the west and a clockwise gyre to the east of the main channel in the summer months due to the prevailing westerly wind. Opposite trends have been observed during winter when the wind was variable. ?? 1985.
Digital Movement Analysis in Physical Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Trout, Josh
2013-01-01
Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets offer applications (apps) that make digital movement analysis simple and efficient in physical education. Highly sophisticated movement analysis software has been available for many years but has mainly appealed to coaches of elite athletes and biomechanists. Apps on mobile devices are less expensive…
Cosmic physics data analysis program
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wilkes, R. Jeffrey
1993-01-01
A data analysis program was carried out to investigate the intensity, propagation, and origin of primary Cosmic Ray Galactic electrons. Scanning was carried out on two new balloon flight experiments as well as the border area of previous experiments. The identification and evaluation of the energies of the primary electrons were carried out. A new analysis of these data were incorporated into an overall evaluation of the roll of electrons in the problem of the origin of cosmic rays. Recent measurements indicate that the earth may be within the expanding Geminga supernova shock wave which is expected to have a major effect upon the propagation and the energy spectrum of galactic electrons. Calculations with the Geminga model indicate that the cut-off energy may be very close to the observed highest energy electrons in our analysis.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Parnis, J. Mark; Thompson, Matthew G. K.
2004-01-01
An introductory undergraduate physical organic chemistry exercise that introduces the harmonic oscillator's use in vibrational spectroscopy is developed. The analysis and modeling exercise begins with the students calculating the stretching modes of common organic molecules with the help of the quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator (QMHO) model.
Physical basis of critical analysis
Y. S. Tsyganov
2015-06-08
A new approach to provide a fruitful analysis of signal amplitude is proposed. It is this method that has made it possible to eliminate some observed artificial events from the list of candidates for decays of superheavy nuclei. Examples of estimates of measured amplitudes of evaporation residues (EVR) are presented. Some attention is paid to a new hard statistical criterion for detecting rare events. This criterion can be applied in the case of significant role of random factors.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
William C. Robertson, Ph.D.
2003-01-01
Harmonic convergence refers to a day back in 1987 where there was a particular planetary alignment. New Agers went crazy over the event, and if you want to get a taste of what it was like, enter harmonic convergence into your favorite Internet search engine and sit back and enjoy. This chapter adds to the previous discussion of resonance by expanding the list of vibrating things to metal rods and columns of air.
Time-Symmetric Discretization of The Harmonic Oscillator
Antippa, Adel F.; Dubois, Daniel M.
2010-11-24
We explicitly and analytically demonstrate that simple time-symmetric discretization of the harmonic oscillator (used as a simple model of a discrete dynamical system), leads to discrete equations of motion whose solutions are perfectly stable at all time scales, and whose energy is exactly conserved. This result is important for both fundamental discrete physics, as well as for numerical analysis and simulation.
Sainath, Kamalesh
2015-01-01
We address a challenge concerning the spectral-domain-based analysis of electromagnetic fields produced by time-harmonic current sources within planar-layered media, which arises specifically when sources are embedded inside non-birefringent anisotropic medium (NBAM) layers. In NBAM, the highly symmetric permeability and permittivity tensors can induce directionally-dependent, but polarization independent, propagation properties supporting "degenerate" characteristic polarizations. That is to say, the considered NBAM support four linearly independent field polarization eigenvectors associated with only two (rather than four) unique, non-defective eigenvalues. We explain problems that can arise when the source(s) specifically reside within NBAM planar layers when using canonical field expressions as well as obtain alternative expressions, immune to such problems, that form the foundation for a robust eigenfunction-based analysis of electromagnetic radiation and scattering within planar-layered media.
Spherical Harmonic Transform Algorithms
Drake, John B [ORNL; Worley, Patrick H [ORNL; D'Azevedo, Eduardo [ORNL
2008-10-01
A collection of MATLAB classes for computing spherical harmonic transforms are presented and used to solve simple partial differential equations on the sphere. The spectral synthesis and analysis using fast Fourier transforms and Legendre transforms with the associated Legendre functions are presented in depth. A set of methods associated with a spectral\\_field class provides spectral approximation to the $\\DIV$, $\\CURL$, $\\GRAD$, and $\\LAPL$ in spherical geometr y. Laplace inversion and Helmholtz equation solvers are also methods for this clas s. Investigation of algorithms and analysis for spherical harmonic transform optio ns for parallel high performance computers are discussed in the context of global climate and weather models.
24 CFR 401.451 - PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
...2011-04-01 false PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...Restructuring Plan § 401.451 PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...independently evaluate the physical condition of the project...Restructuring Plan with necessary rehabilitation is more...
24 CFR 401.451 - PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
...2014-04-01 false PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...Restructuring Plan § 401.451 PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...independently evaluate the physical condition of the project...Restructuring Plan with necessary rehabilitation is more...
24 CFR 401.451 - PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
...2013-04-01 false PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...Restructuring Plan § 401.451 PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...independently evaluate the physical condition of the project...Restructuring Plan with necessary rehabilitation is more...
24 CFR 401.451 - PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
...2012-04-01 false PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...Restructuring Plan § 401.451 PAE Physical Condition Analysis (PCA...independently evaluate the physical condition of the project...Restructuring Plan with necessary rehabilitation is more...
Joseph-like ideals and harmonic analysis for osp(m|2n)
Kevin Coulembier; Petr Somberg; Vladimir Soucek
2012-10-12
The Joseph ideal in the universal enveloping algebra U(so(m)) is the annihilator ideal of the so(m)-representation on the harmonic functions on R^{m-2}. The Joseph ideal for sp(2n) is the annihilator ideal of the Segal-Shale-Weil (metaplectic) representation. Both ideals can be constructed in a unified way from a quadratic relation in the tensor algebra of g for g equal to so(m) or sp(2n). In this paper we construct two analogous ideals in the tensor algebra of g and U(g) for g the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(m|2n)=spo(2n|m) and prove that they have unique characterizations that naturally extend the classical case. Then we show that these two ideals are the annihilator ideals of respectively the osp(m|2n)-representation on the spherical harmonics on R^{m-2|2n} and a generalization of the metaplectic representation to spo(2n|m). This proves that these ideals are reasonable candidates to establish the theory of Joseph-like ideals for Lie superalgebras. We also discuss the relation between the Joseph ideal of osp(m|2n) and the algebra of symmetries of the super conformal Laplace operator, regarded as an intertwining operator between principal series representations for osp(m|2n).
McAleavey, Stephen A.
2014-01-01
Shear wave induced phase encoding (SWIPE) imaging generates ultrasound backscatter images of tissue-like elastic materials by using traveling shear waves to encode the lateral position of the scatters in the phase of the received echo. In contrast to conventional ultrasound B-scan imaging, SWIPE offers the potential advantages of image formation without beam focusing or steering from a single transducer element, lateral resolution independent of aperture size, and the potential to achieve relatively high lateral resolution with low frequency ultrasound. Here a Fourier series description of the phase modulated echo signal is developed, demonstrating that echo harmonics at multiples of the shear wave frequency reveal target k-space data at identical multiples of the shear wavenumber. Modulation transfer functions of SWIPE imaging systems are calculated for maximum shear wave acceleration and maximum shear constraints, and compared with a conventionally focused aperture. The relative signal-to-noise ratio of the SWIPE method versus a conventionally focused aperture is found through these calculations. Reconstructions of wire targets in a gelatin phantom using 1 and 3.5?MHz ultrasound and a cylindrical shear wave source are presented, generated from the fundamental and second harmonic of the shear wave modulation frequency, demonstrating weak dependence of lateral resolution with ultrasound frequency. PMID:24815265
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sivaguru, Mayandi; Durgam, Sushmitha; Ambekar, Raghu; Luedtke, David; Fried, Glenn; Stewart, Allison; Toussaint, Kimani C., Jr.
2011-03-01
Fourier transform-second-harmonic generation (FT-SHG) imaging is used to quantitatively assess the structural organization of collagen fibers in tendonitis-induced horse tendons. Fiber orientation, isotropy, and the ratio of forward to backward SHG signal (F/B ratio) are used to differentiate the fiber organization between the normal and diseased horse tendons. Each second-harmonic generation (SHG) image is divided into several smaller regions of interest (ROI) and the aforementioned quantitative metrics are calculated across the whole grid. ROIs are further labeled as dark (no or minimal presence of fibers), isotropic (random fiber organization), or anisotropic (regular fiber organization) regions. Results show that the normal tendon possesses minimal isotropic regions and small standard deviations in the histograms of orientation and F/B ratio, indicating an intact and highly regular fiber organization. However, the tendonitis-induced horse tendons possess higher number of dark and isotropic regions, and larger standard deviations of the measured parameters, suggesting significantly disoriented and disorganized collagen fibers. This type of quantification would be highly beneficial in diagnosing and determining the stage of tendonitis in clinical settings. Not limited to tendonitis, the technique could also be applied to other diseases that structurally affect collagen fibers. The advantage of FT-SHG over the conventional polarization microscopy is also discussed.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Press, Harry; Mazelsky, Bernard
1954-01-01
The applicability of some results from the theory of generalized harmonic analysis (or power-spectral analysis) to the analysis of gust loads on airplanes in continuous rough air is examined. The general relations for linear systems between power spectrums of a random input disturbance and an output response are used to relate the spectrum of airplane load in rough air to the spectrum of atmospheric gust velocity. The power spectrum of loads is shown to provide a measure of the load intensity in terms of the standard deviation (root mean square) of the load distribution for an airplane in flight through continuous rough air. For the case of a load output having a normal distribution, which appears from experimental evidence to apply to homogeneous rough air, the standard deviation is shown to describe the probability distribution of loads or the proportion of total time that the load has given values. Thus, for airplane in flight through homogeneous rough air, the probability distribution of loads may be determined from a power-spectral analysis. In order to illustrate the application of power-spectral analysis to gust-load analysis and to obtain an insight into the relations between loads and airplane gust-response characteristics, two selected series of calculations are presented. The results indicate that both methods of analysis yield results that are consistent to a first approximation.
Xiang, Yanxun; Deng, Mingxi; Xuan, Fu-Zhen; Liu, Chang-Jun
2011-12-01
The cumulative second-harmonic analysis of ultrasonic Lamb wave has been performed to study the precipitation kinetics and microvoid initiation of ferritic Cr-Ni alloy steel during the ageing process. Ageing of ferritic Cr-Ni alloy materials have been done at 1223 K and 1173 K for different degradation time intervals and air cooled. The results show that the normalized acoustic nonlinearity of Lamb wave increases with the formation of fine precipitates at the early stage of ageing till about 1000 h and keeps as a plateau with the precipitates dynamic balance for a long-term ageing, and then decreases gradually at the final holding time with the coarsening of precipitates and initiation of microvoids. The results also show that the variation of nonlinear Lamb wave follows the same trend as that of hardness in materials. Therefore, the cumulative second-harmonic of ultrasonic Lamb waves has been found to be strongly sensitive to the precipitates behavior and microstructure evolution during the thermal ageing of ferritic Cr-Ni alloy steel. PMID:21680007
Analysis of collagen fiber domain organization by Fourier second harmonic generation microscopy.
Ghazaryan, Ara; Tsai, Halley F; Hayrapetyan, Gor; Chen, Wei-Liang; Chen, Yang-Fang; Jeong, Myung Yung; Kim, Chang-Seok; Chen, Shean-Jen; Dong, Chen-Yuan
2013-03-01
We present an automated and systematic two-dimensional discrete Fourier transform (2D-FFT) approach to analyze collagen fiber organization through the use of second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy. Average orientations of individual domains and Ising-like order parameters introduced to characterize the correlation between orientations of adjacent domains may be used to quantitatively characterize fibrous tissues. Our approach was applied to analyze tissues including rat tail tendon, mouse skin, bovine corneas, and human corneas. We also show that collagen fiber organization in normal and keratokonus human corneas may be distinguished. The current approach may be used for the quantitative differentiation of SHG collagen fiber morphology in different tissues and may be applied for diagnostic purposes. PMID:23174951
Rao, Raghu Ambekar Ramachandra; Mehta, Monal R; Leithem, Scott; Toussaint, Kimani C
2009-12-15
Fourier transform second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has been applied to quantitatively compare the information content between SHG images obtained from the forward and backward direction for three tissue types: porcine tendon, sclera, and ear cartilage. Both signal types yield consistent information on the preferred orientation of collagen fibers. For all specimens, the Fourier transform of the forward and backward SHG images produces several overlapping peaks in the magnitude spectrum at various depths into the tissues, indicating that some information present in the forward SHG images can be extracted from the backward SHG images. This study highlights the potential of backward SHG microscopy for medical diagnostics. PMID:20016611
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tarao, Hiroo; Hayashi, Noriyuki; Isaka, Katsuo
In this paper, induced currents in an anatomical head model exposed to a non-uniform ELF magnetic field (B-field) including harmonics are numerically calculated, and are discussed based on the basic restriction established by International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). A casual hair dryer of 100V and 1.2kW is chosen as a typical source of the non-uniform B-field including both the fundamental and second harmonic components. The B-field distribution around the hair dryer is estimated by using the 3-orthogonal magnetic dipole moments, which are derived from a couple of measured values around it. The high-resolution human head model used is constructed based on the MRI images of a real human, and consists of six kinds of tissues (bone, brain, eyeballs, muscle, skin and blood). So-called impedance method is used for the numerical calculation of the induced current. The numerical results show that the maximum values of the induced current of 17µA/m2, for the 60Hz component, which is about 1/120 of the ICNIRP basic restriction appear in the muscle near the eyeball when the hair dryer is used from the side of the head model, and the averaged current in the eyeballs that have the highest conductivity is the highest among the six tissues. It is also demonstrated that the induced current due to the 120Hz B-field becomes comparable to the 60Hz current although the magnitude of the 120Hz B-field is much smaller than that of the 60Hz B-field.
Harmonic analysis approach to the 'TunneLadder' - A modified Karp circuit for millimeter-wave TWTA's
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kosmahl, H. G.; Palmer, R. W.
1982-05-01
A field approach to the summed harmonic analysis of the TunneLadder structure, or modified forward-wave Karp circuit, is developed by combining TM(01) and TE(11) modes. Results suggest the suitability of this structure as a high-impedance, about 1-% bandwidth circuit, millimeter-wave forward-wave-type amplifier that is voltage tunable over about a 5-% frequency range and has excellent power handling ability. Theory gives good agreement with experimental results obtained by Karp in omega-beta dispersion and predicts qualitatively the appearances of the antisymmetric mode discussed and of the so called Hightron mode that was discussed earlier in White, Enderby and Birdsall (1964), and Enderby (1964), in addition to the desired symmetric mode.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kottapalli, Sesi; Leyland, Jane
1991-01-01
The effects of open loop higher harmonic control (HHC) on rotor hub loads, performance, and push rod loads of a Sikorsky S-76 helicopter rotor at high airspeeds (up to 200 knots) and moderate lift (10,000 lbs) were studied analytically. The analysis was performed as part of a wind tunnel pre-test prediction and preparation procedure, as well as to provide analytical results for post-test correlation efforts. The test associated with this study is to be concluded in the 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel of the National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex (NFAC) at the NASA Ames Research Center. The results from this analytical study show that benefits from HHC can be achieved at high airspeeds. These results clear the way for conducting (with the requirement of safe pushrod loads) an open loop HHC test a high airspeeds in the 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel using an S-76 rotor as the test article.
Empirical mode decomposition and tissue harmonic imaging.
Bennett, Michael; McLaughlin, Steve; Anderson, Tom; McDicken, Norman
2005-08-01
Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a relatively new technique used in the analysis of nonlinear and nonstationary time series. Previous signal-processing methods used for medical ultrasound have been based on the assumption of a linear time-invariant system. More recently, the technique of tissue harmonic imaging (THI) has become prevalent. This technique relies on the nonlinear propagation of the sound wave through the medium to disperse the signal energy into the harmonic frequencies of the transmitted signal. In this paper, results are presented from using EMD to process received ultrasound echo signals that have passed through nonlinear media. The Hilbert spectrum is used to demonstrate an interpretation of the physical process underlying THI that is based on the concept of intrawave frequency modulation, rather then the spreading of signal energy into harmonic frequencies. The technique of EMD is shown to be able to produce superior results to the bandpass filtering method of THI, even when the band width of the transducer was such that the second harmonic would be suppressed. PMID:16085096
Bret, A; Piriz, A R; Tahir, N
2012-03-01
Cylindrical implosions driven by intense heavy ion beams should be instrumental in the near future for study of high-energy-density matter. By rotating the beam by means of a high-frequency wobbler, it should be possible to deposit energy in the outer layers of a cylinder, compressing the material deposited in its core. The beam's temporal profile should, however, generate an inevitable irradiation asymmetry likely to feed the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) during the implosion phase. In this paper, we compute the Fourier components of the target irradiation in order to make the connection with previous works on the RTI performed in this setting. Implementing one- and two-dimensional beam models, we find that these components can be expressed exactly in terms of the Fourier transform of the temporal beam profile. If T is the beam duration and ? its rotation frequency, "magic products" ?T can be identified which cancel the first harmonic of the deposited density, resulting in an improved irradiation symmetry. PMID:22587191
Analysis of second-harmonic-generation microscopy in a mouse model of ovarian carcinoma
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Watson, Jennifer M.; Rice, Photini F.; Marion, Samuel L.; Brewer, Molly A.; Davis, John R.; Rodriguez, Jeffrey J.; Utzinger, Urs; Hoyer, Patricia B.; Barton, Jennifer K.
2012-07-01
Second-harmonic-generation (SHG) imaging of mouse ovaries ex vivo was used to detect collagen structure changes accompanying ovarian cancer development. Dosing with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene resulted in histologically confirmed cases of normal, benign abnormality, dysplasia, and carcinoma. Parameters for each SHG image were calculated using the Fourier transform matrix and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). Cancer versus normal and cancer versus all other diagnoses showed the greatest separation using the parameters derived from power in the highest-frequency region and GLCM energy. Mixed effects models showed that these parameters were significantly different between cancer and normal (P<0.008). Images were classified with a support vector machine, using 25% of the data for training and 75% for testing. Utilizing all images with signal greater than the noise level, cancer versus not-cancer specimens were classified with 81.2% sensitivity and 80.0% specificity, and cancer versus normal specimens were classified with 77.8% sensitivity and 79.3% specificity. Utilizing only images with greater than of 75% of the field of view containing signal improved sensitivity and specificity for cancer versus normal to 81.5% and 81.1%. These results suggest that using SHG to visualize collagen structure in ovaries could help with early cancer detection.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bogdan, V. M.; Bond, V. B.
1980-01-01
The deviation of the solution of the differential equation y' = f(t, y), y(O) = y sub O from the solution of the perturbed system z' = f(t, z) + g(t, z), z(O) = z sub O was investigated for the case where f and g are continuous functions on I x R sup n into R sup n, where I = (o, a) or I = (o, infinity). These functions are assumed to satisfy the Lipschitz condition in the variable z. The space Lip(I) of all such functions with suitable norms forms a Banach space. By introducing a suitable norm in the space of continuous functions C(I), introducing the problem can be reduced to an equivalent problem in terminology of operators in such spaces. A theorem on existence and uniqueness of the solution is presented by means of Banach space technique. Norm estimates on the rate of growth of such solutions are found. As a consequence, estimates of deviation of a solution due to perturbation are obtained. Continuity of the solution on the initial data and on the perturbation is established. A nonlinear perturbation of the harmonic oscillator is considered a perturbation of equations of the restricted three body problem linearized at libration point.
Numerical and experimental analysis of harmonic distortion in a moving-coil loudspeaker
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chang, Chun; Wang, Chi-Chang; Shiah, Y. C.; Huang, Jin H.
2013-07-01
The nonlinear effect of a moving-coil loudspeaker, originating from its magnetic coupling factor and the system's stiffness, presents a significant impact on the sound quality. For improving the sound quality, this article proposes an approach to reduce the total harmonic distortion (THD) by adjusting the initial position of its voice-coil. First, a mathematical model involving the nonlinearities of force factor, mechanical stiffness, and inductance of voice coil is constructed and then solved using a novel algorithm called the parameter spline difference method (PSD). In the course of pursuing reduction of the corresponding THD of a typical moving-coil loudspeaker, the model was used to analyze the nonlinearity of the THD, revealing itself as a nonlinear function of force factor, the system's stiffness and inductance of voice coil. For various initial positions of the voice-coil, the coupled nonlinear differential equations were solved using the PSD to yield corresponding sound pressure level and THD. To our satisfaction, the loudspeaker driver with its voice-coil optimally tuned for the initial position turns out to have a THD reduction of 10%, which is also consistent with our experimental observations.
Analysis of second-harmonic-generation microscopy in a mouse model of ovarian carcinoma.
Watson, Jennifer M; Rice, Photini F; Marion, Samuel L; Brewer, Molly A; Davis, John R; Rodriguez, Jeffrey J; Utzinger, Urs; Hoyer, Patricia B; Barton, Jennifer K
2012-07-01
Second-harmonic-generation (SHG) imaging of mouse ovaries ex vivo was used to detect collagen structure changes accompanying ovarian cancer development. Dosing with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene resulted in histologically confirmed cases of normal, benign abnormality, dysplasia, and carcinoma. Parameters for each SHG image were calculated using the Fourier transform matrix and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). Cancer versus normal and cancer versus all other diagnoses showed the greatest separation using the parameters derived from power in the highest-frequency region and GLCM energy. Mixed effects models showed that these parameters were significantly different between cancer and normal (P<0.008). Images were classified with a support vector machine, using 25% of the data for training and 75% for testing. Utilizing all images with signal greater than the noise level, cancer versus not-cancer specimens were classified with 81.2% sensitivity and 80.0% specificity, and cancer versus normal specimens were classified with 77.8% sensitivity and 79.3% specificity. Utilizing only images with greater than of 75% of the field of view containing signal improved sensitivity and specificity for cancer versus normal to 81.5% and 81.1%. These results suggest that using SHG to visualize collagen structure in ovaries could help with early cancer detection. PMID:22894485
Global QCD Analysis and Hadron Collider Physics
Tung, W.-K.
2005-03-22
The role of global QCD analysis of parton distribution functions (PDFs) in collider physics at the Tevatron and LHC is surveyed. Current status of PDF analyses are reviewed, emphasizing the uncertainties and the open issues. The stability of NLO QCD global analysis and its prediction on 'standard candle' W/Z cross sections at hadron colliders are discussed. The importance of the precise measurement of various W/Z cross sections at the Tevatron in advancing our knowledge of PDFs, hence in enhancing the capabilities of making significant progress in W mass and top quark parameter measurements, as well as the discovery potentials of Higgs and New Physics at the Tevatron and LHC, is emphasized.
Sebastian, S; Sylvestre, S; Jayarajan, D; Amalanathan, M; Oudayakumar, K; Gnanapoongothai, T; Jayavarthanan, T
2013-01-15
In this work, we report harmonic vibrational frequencies, molecular structure, NBO and HOMO, LUMO analysis of Umbelliferone also known as 7-hydroxycoumarin (7HC). The optimized geometric bond lengths and bond angles obtained by computation (monomer and dimmer) shows good agreement with experimental XRD data. Harmonic frequencies of 7HC were determined and analyzed by DFT utilizing 6-311+G(d,p) as basis set. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of Normal Coordinate Analysis (NCA) following the Scaled Quantum Mechanical Force Field Methodology (SQMFF). The change in electron density (ED) in the ?* and ?* antibonding orbitals and stabilization energies E(2) have been calculated by Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis to give clear evidence of stabilization originating in the hyperconjugation of hydrogen-bonded interaction. The energy and oscillator strength calculated by Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) complements with the experimental findings. The simulated spectra satisfactorily coincides with the experimental spectra. Microbial activity of studied compounds was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Psuedomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Shigella flexneri, Salmonella typhi and Enterococcus faecalis. PMID:23123244
Nadashvili, L A
2006-05-01
The aim of the work was to establish quantitative analysis of individual indicators and constitutional types among 20-40 years old Georgian men and women of normal physical development. The studied contingent was divided into 4 scales of age: 20-24 years old 65 women and 35 men; 25-29 years old 35 women and 25 men; 30-34 years old 10 women and 5 men; and 35-39 years old 10 women and 10 men. On the basis of the conducted research it was established that younger Georgian women of normal physical development are mainly sanguines, extroverts, express middle logic intellect, plastic-dynamic mood, constitutional and stable middle excitement, and are mainly harmonic and dynamic constitutional types. Younger Georgian men are sanguines, extroverts, express middle logic intellect plastic - dynamic and constitutional-stable mood, and are mainly harmonic and dynamic constitutional types. PMID:16783078
Spatial Harmonic Decomposition as a tool for unsteady flow phenomena analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Duparchy, A.; Guillozet, J.; De Colombel, T.; Bornard, L.
2014-03-01
Hydropower is already the largest single renewable electricity source today but its further development will face new deployment constraints such as large-scale projects in emerging economies and the growth of intermittent renewable energy technologies. The potential role of hydropower as a grid stabilizer leads to operating hydro power plants in "off-design" zones. As a result, new methods of analyzing associated unsteady phenomena are needed to improve the design of hydraulic turbines. The key idea of the development is to compute a spatial description of a phenomenon by using a combination from several sensor signals. The spatial harmonic decomposition (SHD) extends the concept of so-called synchronous and asynchronous pulsations by projecting sensor signals on a linearly independent set of a modal scheme. This mathematical approach is very generic as it can be applied on any linear distribution of a scalar quantity defined on a closed curve. After a mathematical description of SHD, this paper will discuss the impact of instrumentation and provide tools to understand SHD signals. Then, as an example of a practical application, SHD is applied on a model test measurement in order to capture and describe dynamic pressure fields. Particularly, the spatial description of the phenomena provides new tools to separate the part of pressure fluctuations that contribute to output power instability or mechanical stresses. The study of the machine stability in partial load operating range in turbine mode or the comparison between the gap pressure field and radial thrust behavior during turbine brake operation are both relevant illustrations of SHD contribution.
Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)
2009-10-20
A high efficiency harmonic engine based on a resonantly reciprocating piston expander that extracts work from heat and pressurizes working fluid in a reciprocating piston compressor. The engine preferably includes harmonic oscillator valves capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into and out of the expander, and also preferably includes a shunt line connecting an expansion chamber of the expander to a buffer chamber of the expander for minimizing pressure variations in the fluidic circuit of the engine. The engine is especially designed to operate with very high temperature input to the expander and very low temperature input to the compressor, to produce very high thermal conversion efficiency.
Analysis of the third harmonic for class-F power amplifiers with an I–V knee effect
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhao, Bo-Chao; Lu, Yang; Wei, Jia-Xing; Dong, Liang; Wang, Yi; Cao, Meng-Yi; Ma, Xiao-Hua; Hao, Yue
2015-05-01
The appearance of third-generation semiconductors represented by gallium nitride (GaN) material greatly improves the output power of a power amplifier (PA), but the efficiency of the PA needs to be further improved. The Class-F PA reduces the overlap of drain voltage and current by tuning harmonic impedance so that high efficiency is achieved. This paper begins with the principle of class-F PA, regards the third harmonic voltage as an independent variable, analyzes the influence of the third harmonic on fundamental, and points out how drain efficiency and output power vary with the third harmonic voltage with an I–V knee effect. Finally, the best third harmonic impedance is found mathematically. We compare our results with the Loadpull technique in advanced design system environment and conclude that an optimized third harmonic impedance is open in an ideal case, while it is not at an open point with the I–V knee effect, and the drain efficiency with optimized third harmonic impedance is 4% higher than that with the third harmonic open.
BESIU Physical Analysis on Hadoop Platform
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huo, Jing; Zang, Dongsong; Lei, Xiaofeng; Li, Qiang; Sun, Gongxing
2014-06-01
In the past 20 years, computing cluster has been widely used for High Energy Physics data processing. The jobs running on the traditional cluster with a Data-to-Computing structure, have to read large volumes of data via the network to the computing nodes for analysis, thereby making the I/O latency become a bottleneck of the whole system. The new distributed computing technology based on the MapReduce programming model has many advantages, such as high concurrency, high scalability and high fault tolerance, and it can benefit us in dealing with Big Data. This paper brings the idea of using MapReduce model to do BESIII physical analysis, and presents a new data analysis system structure based on Hadoop platform, which not only greatly improve the efficiency of data analysis, but also reduces the cost of system building. Moreover, this paper establishes an event pre-selection system based on the event level metadata(TAGs) database to optimize the data analyzing procedure.
Vesapogu, Joshi Manohar; Peddakotla, Sujatha; Kuppa, Seetha Rama Anjaneyulu
2013-01-01
With the advancements in semiconductor technology, high power medium voltage (MV) Drives are extensively used in numerous industrial applications. Challenging technical requirements of MV Drives is to control multilevel inverter (MLI) with less Total harmonic distortion (%THD) which satisfies IEEE standard 519-1992 harmonic guidelines and less switching losses. Among all modulation control strategies for MLI, Selective harmonic elimination (SHE) technique is one of the traditionally preferred modulation control technique at fundamental switching frequency with better harmonic profile. On the other hand, the equations which are formed by SHE technique are highly non-linear in nature, may exist multiple, single or even no solution at particular modulation index (MI). However, in some MV Drive applications, it is required to operate over a range of MI. Providing analytical solutions for SHE equations during the whole range of MI from 0 to 1, has been a challenging task for researchers. In this paper, an attempt is made to solve SHE equations by using deterministic and stochastic optimization methods and comparative harmonic analysis has been carried out. An effective algorithm which minimizes %THD with less computational effort among all optimization algorithms has been presented. To validate the effectiveness of proposed MPSO technique, an experiment is carried out on a low power proto type of three phase CHB 11- level Inverter using FPGA based Xilinx's Spartan -3A DSP Controller. The experimental results proved that MPSO technique has successfully solved SHE equations over all range of MI from 0 to 1, the %THD obtained over major range of MI also satisfies IEEE 519-1992 harmonic guidelines too. PMID:24010030
Gender and Physics: a Theoretical Analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rolin, Kristina
This article argues that the objections raised by Koertge (1998), Gross and Levitt (1994), and Weinberg (1996) against feminist scholarship on gender and physics are unwarranted. The objections are that feminist science studies perpetuate gender stereotypes, are irrelevant to the content of physics, or promote epistemic relativism. In the first part of this article I argue that the concept of gender, as it has been developed in feminist theory, is a key to understanding why the first objection is misguided. Instead of reinforcing gender stereotypes, feminist science studies scholars can formulate empirically testable hypotheses regarding local and contested beliefs about gender. In the second part of this article I argue that a social analysis of scientific knowledge is a key to understanding why the second and the third objections are misguided. The concept of gender is relevant for understanding the social practice of physics, and the social practice of physics can be of epistemic importance. Instead of advancing epistemic relativism, feminist science studies scholars can make important contributions to a subfield of philosophy called social epistemology.
Random harmonic analysis program, L221 (TEV156). Volume 1: Engineering and usage
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Miller, R. D.; Graham, M. L.
1979-01-01
A digital computer program capable of calculating steady state solutions for linear second order differential equations due to sinusoidal forcing functions is described. The field of application of the program, the analysis of airplane response and loads due to continuous random air turbulence, is discussed. Optional capabilities including frequency dependent input matrices, feedback damping, gradual gust penetration, multiple excitation forcing functions, and a static elastic solution are described. Program usage and a description of the analysis used are presented.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Barraclough, D. R.; Hide, R.; Leaton, B. R.; Lowes, F. J.; Malin, S. R. C.; Wilson, R. L. (principal investigators)
1982-01-01
Progress in the harmonic analysis of MAGSAT data is reported. Single-day data sets were subdivided into information on the sunrise side of the Earth and information on the sunset side of the Earth. Data for the main and external fields each demonstrate a clear and consistent systematic difference between the sets of data which was determined to be, due to ionospheric currents which differ from the sunset to the sunrise terminator. A toroidal field was analyzed for and determined to be an apparent toroidal field resulting from electric currents concentrated in the two terminators. Progressive elimination of auroral zone data demonstrates that the information presented does not arise from complications due to Birkeland currents.
Superradiance of Harmonic Oscillators
Delanty, Michael; Twamley, Jason
2011-01-01
Superradiance, the enhanced collective emission of light from a coherent ensemble of quantum systems, has been typically studied in atomic ensembles. In this work we study the enhanced emission of energy from coherent ensembles of harmonic oscillators. We show that it should be possible to observe harmonic oscillator superradiance in a variety of physical platforms such as waveguide arrays in integrated photonics and resonator arrays in circuit QED. We find general conditions specifying when emission is superradiant and subradiant and find that superradiant, subradiant and dark states take the form of multimode squeezed coherent states and highly entangled multimode Fock states. The intensity, two-mode correlations and fraction of quanta trapped in the system after decay are calculated for a range of initial states including multimode Fock, squeezed, coherent and thermal states. In order to explore these effects, the Law and Eberly protocol [C. K. Law and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1055 (1996)] is gen...
Quaternionic Analysis, Representation Theory and Physics
Igor Frenkel; Matvei Libine
2011-07-22
We develop quaternionic analysis using as a guiding principle representation theory of various real forms of the conformal group. We first review the Cauchy-Fueter and Poisson formulas and explain their representation theoretic meaning. The requirement of unitarity of representations leads us to the extensions of these formulas in the Minkowski space, which can be viewed as another real form of quaternions. Representation theory also suggests a quaternionic version of the Cauchy formula for the second order pole. Remarkably, the derivative appearing in the complex case is replaced by the Maxwell equations in the quaternionic counterpart. We also uncover the connection between quaternionic analysis and various structures in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, such as the spectrum of the hydrogen atom, polarization of vacuum, one-loop Feynman integrals. We also make some further conjectures. The main goal of this and our subsequent paper is to revive quaternionic analysis and to show profound relations between quaternionic analysis, representation theory and four-dimensional physics.
Bennett, Charles L.; Sewall, Noel; Boroa, Carl
2014-08-19
An engine based on a reciprocating piston engine that extracts work from pressurized working fluid. The engine includes a harmonic oscillator inlet valve capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into of the engine. In particular, the inlet valve includes an inlet valve head and a spring arranged together as a harmonic oscillator so that the inlet valve head is moveable from an unbiased equilibrium position to a biased closed position occluding an inlet. Upon releasing the inlet valve the inlet valve head undergoes a single oscillation past the equilibrium positio to a maximum open position and returns to a biased return position close to the closed position to choke the flow and produce a pressure drop across the inlet valve causing the inlet valve to close. Protrusions carried either by the inlet valve head or piston head are used to bump open the inlet valve from the closed position and initiate the single oscillation of the inlet valve head, and protrusions carried either by the outlet valve head or piston head are used to close the outlet valve ahead of the bump opening of the inlet valve.
Killing vector fields and harmonic superfield theories
Groeger, Josua, E-mail: groegerj@mathematik.hu-berlin.de [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Rudower Chaussee 25, 12489 Berlin (Germany)
2014-09-15
The harmonic action functional allows a natural generalisation to semi-Riemannian supergeometry, also referred to as harmonic, which resembles the supersymmetric sigma models studied in high energy physics. We show that Killing vector fields are infinitesimal supersymmetries of this harmonic action and prove three different Noether theorems in this context. En passant, we provide a homogeneous treatment of five characterisations of Killing vector fields on semi-Riemannian supermanifolds, thus filling a gap in the literature.
Kenkre, V.M.
2013-01-01
by a trap occur in a variety of physical situations, the moving entity being an electron, an excitation such as a mouse carrying an epidemic. Theoretical considerations have almost always assumed that the particle features emerge depending on the relative location of the trap, the attractive center, and the initial
Physically inspired analysis of prime number constellations
P. F. Kelly; Terry Pilling
2001-08-31
We adopt a physically motivated empirical approach to the characterisation of the distributions of twin and triplet primes within the set of primes, rather than in the set of all natural numbers. Remarkably, the occurrences of twins or triplets in any finite sequence of primes are like fixed-probability random events. The respective probabilities are not constant, but instead depend on the length of the sequence in ways that we have been able to parameterise. For twins the ``decay constant'' decreases as the reciprocal of the logarithm of the length of the sequence, whereas for triplets the falloff is faster: decreasing as the square of the reciprocal of the logarithm of the number of primes. The manner of the decrease is consistent with the Hardy--Littlewood Conjectures, developed using purely number theoretic tools of analysis.
Siddique, Juned; Reiter, Jerome P; Brincks, Ahnalee; Gibbons, Robert D; Crespi, Catherine M; Brown, C Hendricks
2015-11-20
There are many advantages to individual participant data meta-analysis for combining data from multiple studies. These advantages include greater power to detect effects, increased sample heterogeneity, and the ability to perform more sophisticated analyses than meta-analyses that rely on published results. However, a fundamental challenge is that it is unlikely that variables of interest are measured the same way in all of the studies to be combined. We propose that this situation can be viewed as a missing data problem in which some outcomes are entirely missing within some trials and use multiple imputation to fill in missing measurements. We apply our method to five longitudinal adolescent depression trials where four studies used one depression measure and the fifth study used a different depression measure. None of the five studies contained both depression measures. We describe a multiple imputation approach for filling in missing depression measures that makes use of external calibration studies in which both depression measures were used. We discuss some practical issues in developing the imputation model including taking into account treatment group and study. We present diagnostics for checking the fit of the imputation model and investigate whether external information is appropriately incorporated into the imputed values. Copyright © 2015?John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26095855
Learning from physical sequence data Fermat Component Analysis
Vernaza, Paul
Learning from physical sequence data Fermat Component Analysis Efficient high-dimensional inference Fermat Components Analysis Paul Vernaza Daniel D. Lee GRASP Lab University of Pennsylvania May 25, 2010 Paul Vernaza, Daniel D. Lee #12;Learning from physical sequence data Fermat Component Analysis
Khodyreva, L A; Dudareva, A A; Mudraya, I S; Markosyan, T G; Revenko, S V; Kumachev, K V; Logvinov, L A
2013-06-01
In searching for novel objective methods to diagnosticate pelvic pain and assess efficiency of analgesic therapy, 37 male patients were examined prior to and after the course of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (5-10 sessions) with the waves directed to projections of prostate and/or crura and shaft of the penis. The repetition rate of mechanical pulses was 3-5 Hz. The range of energy pulse density was 0.09-0.45 mJ/mm(2). The overall number of pulses in a session was 1500-3000 in any treated zone with total energy smaller than 60 J. The applicator was relocated every other series of 300-500 pulses. Effect of the shock wave therapy was assessed according to subjective symptomatic scales: International Prostate Symptom Score, International Index of Erectile Function, Quality of Life, and nociceptive Visual Analog Scale. The objective assessment of shock wave therapy was performed with harmonic analysis of penile bioimpedance variability, which quantitatively evaluated the low-frequency rhythmic and asynchronous activities at rest as well as the total pulsatile activity of the penis. The magnitude of spectrum components of bioimpedance variations was assessed with a novel parameter, the effective impedance. The spectral parameters were measured in 16 patients prior to and after the treatment course. The corresponding control values were measured in the group of healthy patients. Prior to the shock wave therapy course, all spectrum parameters of penile bioimpedance significantly differed from the control (p<0.05). After this course, low-frequency rhythmic and the total pulsatile activity decreased to normal, while asynchronous activity remained significantly different from the normal. The novel objective physiological criteria of pelvic pain diagnostics and efficiency of its treatment reflecting the regional features of circulation and neural activity corresponded to the clinical symptom scaling prior to and after the shock wave course, and on the whole, these criteria corroborated improvement of the patient state after this therapy. PMID:24131011
Covariant harmonic oscillators: 1973 revisited
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Noz, M. E.
1993-01-01
Using the relativistic harmonic oscillator, a physical basis is given to the phenomenological wave function of Yukawa which is covariant and normalizable. It is shown that this wave function can be interpreted in terms of the unitary irreducible representations of the Poincare group. The transformation properties of these covariant wave functions are also demonstrated.
Computer Analysis of a Physical Pendulum.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Priest, Joseph; Potts, Larry
1990-01-01
The interfacing of a physical pendulum to an Apple IIe computer and the physic instruction associated with it are discussed. Laboratory procedures, software commands, and computations used in this lesson are described. (CW)
An Analysis of Physics Graduate Admission Data
Makkinje, Jan A
2015-01-01
We use self-reported data from 2011--2014 and determine the academic profile of accepted students at physics graduate programs in the United States. We analyze the accepted students' grade point averages and physics Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. We also compare the physics GRE scores of accepted students to their grade point averages.
Hagen, Nils T
2008-01-01
Authorship credit for multi-authored scientific publications is routinely allocated either by issuing full publication credit repeatedly to all coauthors, or by dividing one credit equally among all coauthors. The ensuing inflationary and equalizing biases distort derived bibliometric measures of merit by systematically benefiting secondary authors at the expense of primary authors. Here I show how harmonic counting, which allocates credit according to authorship rank and the number of coauthors, provides simultaneous source-level correction for both biases as well as accommodating further decoding of byline information. I also demonstrate large and erratic effects of counting bias on the original h-index, and show how the harmonic version of the h-index provides unbiased bibliometric ranking of scientific merit while retaining the original's essential simplicity, transparency and intended fairness. Harmonic decoding of byline information resolves the conundrum of authorship credit allocation by providing a simple recipe for source-level correction of inflationary and equalizing bias. Harmonic counting could also offer unrivalled accuracy in automated assessments of scientific productivity, impact and achievement. PMID:19107201
Harmonic Oscillators as Bridges between Theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Y. S.; Noz, Marilyn E.
2005-03-01
Other than scattering problems where perturbation theory is applicable, there are basically two ways to solve problems in physics. One is to reduce the problem to harmonic oscillators, and the other is to formulate the problem in terms of two-by-two matrices. If two oscillators are coupled, the problem combines both two-by-two matrices and harmonic oscillators. This method then becomes a powerful research tool to cover many different branches of physics. Indeed, the concept and methodology in one branch of physics can be translated into another through the common mathematical formalism. It is noted that the present form of quantum mechanics is largely a physics of harmonic oscillators. Special relativity is the physics of the Lorentz group which can be represented by the group of by two-by-two matrices commonly called SL(2, c). Thus the coupled harmonic oscillators can therefore play the role of combining quantum mechanics with special relativity. Both Paul A. M. Dirac and Richard P. Feynman were fond of harmonic oscillators, while they used different approaches to physical problems. Both were also keenly interested in making quantum mechanics compatible with special relativity. It is shown that the coupled harmonic oscillators can bridge these two different approaches to physics.
Harmonic Oscillators as Bridges between Theories
Kim, Y.S.; Noz, Marilyn E.
2005-03-31
Other than scattering problems where perturbation theory is applicable, there are basically two ways to solve problems in physics. One is to reduce the problem to harmonic oscillators, and the other is to formulate the problem in terms of two-by-two matrices. If two oscillators are coupled, the problem combines both two-by-two matrices and harmonic oscillators. This method then becomes a powerful research tool to cover many different branches of physics. Indeed, the concept and methodology in one branch of physics can be translated into another through the common mathematical formalism. It is noted that the present form of quantum mechanics is largely a physics of harmonic oscillators. Special relativity is the physics of the Lorentz group which can be represented by the group of by two-by-two matrices commonly called SL(2, c). Thus the coupled harmonic oscillators can therefore play the role of combining quantum mechanics with special relativity. Both Paul A. M. Dirac and Richard P. Feynman were fond of harmonic oscillators, while they used different approaches to physical problems. Both were also keenly interested in making quantum mechanics compatible with special relativity. It is shown that the coupled harmonic oscillators can bridge these two different approaches to physics.
Cost and performance analysis of physical security systems
Hicks, M.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yates, D.; Jago, W.H.; Phillips, A.W. [Tecolote Research, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
1998-04-01
Analysis of cost and performance of physical security systems can be a complex, multi-dimensional problem. There are a number of point tools that address various aspects of cost and performance analysis. Increased interest in cost tradeoffs of physical security alternatives has motivated development of an architecture called Cost and Performance Analysis (CPA), which takes a top-down approach to aligning cost and performance metrics. CPA incorporates results generated by existing physical security system performance analysis tools, and utilizes an existing cost analysis tool. The objective of this architecture is to offer comprehensive visualization of complex data to security analysts and decision-makers.
Self-induced parametric amplification of high-order harmonics.
Reinhardt, C; Chichkov, B N; Wellegehausen, B
2000-07-15
A theoretical analysis of self-induced parametric amplification of high-order harmonics is given. This mechanism permits the elimination of limitations on the harmonic-generation efficiency that are imposed by absorption. PMID:18064267
Anomaly Analysis for Physical Access Control Security Configuration
Foley, Simon
Anomaly Analysis for Physical Access Control Security Configuration William M. Fitzgerald, Fatih, surveillance cameras and alarms, act as important points of demarcation between physical zones (areas with the enterprise security policy. A significant challenge in providing physical access control for (re- stricted
Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a...
Egedal, Jan
Fast ion absorption of the high harmonic fast wave in the National Spherical Torus Experiment a, B. P. LeBlanc, M. H. Redi, N. J. Fisch, and the NSTX Team Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory of the wave as a means of heating and driving current. Analysis of recent National Spherical Torus Experiment
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Madsen, Adrian; McKagan, Sarah B.; Sayre, Eleanor C.
2015-01-01
In this meta-analysis, we synthesize the results of 24 studies using the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) and the Maryland Physics Expectations Survey (MPEX) to answer several questions: (1) How does physics instruction impact students' beliefs? (2) When do physics majors develop expert-like beliefs? and (3) How do…
Assessing physical activity intensity by video analysis.
Silva, P; Santiago, C; Reis, L P; Sousa, A; Mota, J; Welk, G
2015-05-01
Assessing physical activity (PA) is a challenging task and many different approaches have been proposed. Direct observation (DO) techniques can objectively code both the behavior and the context in which it occurred, however, they have significant limitations such as the cost and burden associated with collecting and processing data. Therefore, this study evaluated the utility of an automated video analysis system (CAM) designed to record and discriminate the intensity of PA using a subject tracking methodology. The relative utility of the CAM system and DO were compared with criterion data from an objective accelerometry-based device (Actigraph GT3X+). Eight 10?year old children (three girls and five boys) wore the GT3X+ during a standard basketball session. PA was analyzed by two observers using the SOPLAY instrument and by the CAM system. The GT3X+ and the CAM were both set up to collect data at 30?Hz while the DO was performed every two minutes, with 10?s of observation for each gender. The GT3X+ was processed using cut points by Evanson and the outcome measure was the percentage of time spent in different intensities of PA. The CAM data were processed similarly using the same speed thresholds as were used in establishing the Evenson cut-off points (light: <2?mph; walking: 2-4?mph; very active: >4?mph). Similar outcomes were computed from the SOPLAY default analyses. A chi-square test was used to test differences in the percentage of time at the three intensity zones (light, walking and very active). The Yates' correction was used to prevent overestimation of statistical significance for small data. When compared with GT3X+, the CAM had better results than the SOPLAY. The chi-square test yielded the following pairwise comparisons: CAM versus GT3x+ was ?(2) (5) = 24.18, p < .001; SOPLAY2 versus GT3x+ was ?(2) (5) = 144.44, p < .001; SOPLAY1 versus GT3x+ was ?(2) (5) = 119.55, p < .001. The differences were smaller between CAM and GT3x+, suggesting that the video tracking system provided better agreement than DO. The small sample size precludes a definitive evaluation but the results show that the CAM video system may have promise for automated coding of physical activity behavior. PMID:25903066
Data Analysis Tools for NSTX-U Physics Meeting
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Data Analysis Tools for NSTX-U Bill Davis Stan Kaye Physics Meeting B-318 Aug. 26, 2013 NSTX LLC #12;NSTX-U Monday Physics Meeting Data Analysis Tools, Bill Davis (8/26/2013) 2 Overview ·Web Tools in depth · Overlaying in different ways · Browsing Fast Camera data ·EFITmovies and EFITviewer
Dimensional analysis as the other language of physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Robinett, R. W.
2015-04-01
We review the use of dimensional analysis as a tool for the systematic study and analysis of physical concepts and phenomena at multiple levels in the physics curriculum. After reviewing the methodology of its use and citing examples from classical physics, we illustrate how it can be applied to problems in quantum mechanics, including research-level problems, noting both its power and its limitations.
Harmonics and Resonance Issues with Wind Plants
Bradt, M. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Badrzadeh, Babak [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Camm, E H [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Castillo, Nestor [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Mueller, David [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Siebert, T. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Schoene, Jens [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Walling, R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group
2011-01-01
Wind plants are susceptible to lightly-damped resonances which can attract and amplify ambient grid harmonic distortion and magnify wind turbine harmonic generation. Long-accepted harmonic modeling assumptions and practices are not appropriate for wind plants. VSCs are not ideal current sources and grid impedance is important. Attention to modeling detail and thorough evaluation over range of conditions is critical to meaningful analysis. In general, wind turbines are very slight sources of harmonics. Most harmonic issues are a result of resonance, caused by capacitor banks (for reactive power compensation) or from the extensive underground cabling in a collector system. Converter controls instability can be exacerbated by power system resonances. In some cases this has caused severe voltage distorDon and other problems. The IEEE 519 recommended guidelines are very restrictive. I recommend that they are used to resolve serious harmonic issues, and not to create petty problems.
Next generation data harmonization
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Armstrong, Chandler; Brown, Ryan M.; Chaves, Jillian; Czerniejewski, Adam; Del Vecchio, Justin; Perkins, Timothy K.; Rudnicki, Ron; Tauer, Greg
2015-05-01
Analysts are presented with a never ending stream of data sources. Often, subsets of data sources to solve problems are easily identified but the process to align data sets is time consuming. However, many semantic technologies do allow for fast harmonization of data to overcome these problems. These include ontologies that serve as alignment targets, visual tools and natural language processing that generate semantic graphs in terms of the ontologies, and analytics that leverage these graphs. This research reviews a developed prototype that employs all these approaches to perform analysis across disparate data sources documenting violent, extremist events.
2009-01-01
The convergence properties of the absolute single-molecule configurational entropy and the correction terms used to estimate it are investigated using microsecond molecular dynamics simulation of a peptide test system and an improved methodology. The results are compared with previous applications for systems of diverse chemical nature. It is shown that (i) the effect of anharmonicity is small, (ii) the effect of pairwise correlation is typically large, and (iii) the latter affects to a larger extent the entropy estimate of thermodynamic states characterized by a higher motional correlation. The causes of such deviations from a quasi-harmonic behavior are explained. This improved approach provides entropies also for molecular systems undergoing conformational transitions and characterized by highly frustrated energy surfaces, thus not limited to systems sampling a single quasi-harmonic basin. Overall, this study emphasizes the need for extensive phase-space sampling in order to obtain a reliable estimation of entropic contributions. PMID:20011626
Ganeev, Rashid A.; Baba, Motoyoshi; Suzuki, Masayuki; Kuroda, Hiroto
2006-07-15
We present the z-scan studies of low-excited laser plasma showing a self-interaction of a femtosecond beam during the high-order harmonic generation in the laser plumes produced on the surfaces of different targets. This process was attributed to the ionization of neutrals and singly charged ions at the leading part of the laser pulse with further self-defocusing caused by the free electrons. The spatial distribution of the radiation propagating through the plasma showed an appearance of a ringlike shape at the intensities exceeding the barrier suppression intensity for singly charged ions. We show that this process leads to the restriction of the cutoff energy of high harmonics and the conversion efficiency from laser plasma.
Economic Analysis of Physical Activity Interventions
Wu, Shinyi; Cohen, Deborah; Shi, Yuyan; Pearson, Marjorie; Sturm, Roland
2011-01-01
Background Numerous interventions have been shown to increase physical activity, but have not been ranked by effectiveness or cost. Purpose This study provides a systematic review of physical activity interventions and calculates their cost-effectiveness ratios. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted (5,579 articles) and 91 effective interventions promoting physical activity were identified with enough information to translate effects into MET-hours gained. Cost-effectiveness ratios were then calculated as cost per MET-hour gained per day per individual reached. Physical activity benefits were compared to U.S. guideline–recommended levels (1.5 MET-hours per day for adults and 3.0 MET-hours per day for children, equivalent to walking 30 and 60 minutes respectively). Results The most cost-effective strategies were for point-of-decision prompts (e.g., signs to prompt stair use), with a median cost of $0.07/MET-hour/day/person; these had tiny effects, adding only 0.2% of minimum recommended physical activity levels. School-based physical activity interventions targeting children and adolescents ranked well with a median of $0.42/MET-hour/day/person, generating an average of 16% of recommended physical activity. Although there were few interventions in the categories of “creation or enhanced access to places for physical activity” and “community campaigns”, several were cost effective. The least cost-effective categories were the high-intensity “individually-adapted behavior change” and “social support” programs; with median CE ratios of $0.84/ and $1.16/MET-hour/day/person. However, they also had the largest effect sizes, adding 35%–43% of recommended physical activity, respectively. Study quality was variable, with many relying on self-reported outcomes. Conclusions The cost-effectiveness, effect size, and study quality should all be considered when choosing physical activity interventions. PMID:21238863
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gajbhiye, Sachin O.; Singh, S. P.
2015-04-01
The atomistic finite element method (AFEM) is a multiscale technique where a sequential mode is used to transfer information between two length scales to model and simulate nanostructures at the continuum level. This method is used in this paper to investigate the nonlinear frequency response of a single-layered graphene sheet (SLGS) for impulse and harmonic excitation. The multi-body interatomic Tersoff–Brenner (TB) potential is used to represent the energy between two adjacent carbon atoms. Based on the TB potential, the equivalent geometric and elastic properties of carbon–carbon bonds are derived which are consistent with the material constitutive relations. These properties are used further to derive the nonlinear material model (stress–strain curve) of carbon–carbon bonds based on the force–deflection curve using the multi-body interatomic Tersoff–Brenner potential. A square SLGS is considered and its nonlinear vibration characteristics under an impulse and harmonic excitation for bridged, cantilever and clamped boundary conditions are investigated using the derived nonlinear material model (NMM). Before using the proposed nonlinear material model, the derived equivalent geometric and elastic properties of carbon–carbon bond are validated using molecular dynamics simulation results. The geometric (large deformation) and material nonlinearities are included in the nonlinear frequency response analysis. The investigated results of the nonlinear frequency response analysis are compared with those of the linear frequency response analysis, and the effect of the nonlinear behavior of carbon–carbon bonds on the frequency response of SLGS is studied.
Extraction of small boat harmonic signatures from passive sonar.
Ogden, George L; Zurk, Lisa M; Jones, Mark E; Peterson, Mary E
2011-06-01
This paper investigates the extraction of acoustic signatures from small boats using a passive sonar system. Noise radiated from a small boats consists of broadband noise and harmonically related tones that correspond to engine and propeller specifications. A signal processing method to automatically extract the harmonic structure of noise radiated from small boats is developed. The Harmonic Extraction and Analysis Tool (HEAT) estimates the instantaneous fundamental frequency of the harmonic tones, refines the fundamental frequency estimate using a Kalman filter, and automatically extracts the amplitudes of the harmonic tonals to generate a harmonic signature for the boat. Results are presented that show the HEAT algorithms ability to extract these signatures. PMID:21682400
Superradiance of Harmonic Oscillators
Michael Delanty; Stojan Rebic; Jason Twamley
2011-07-25
Superradiance, the enhanced collective emission of light from a coherent ensemble of quantum systems, has been typically studied in atomic ensembles. In this work we study the enhanced emission of energy from coherent ensembles of harmonic oscillators. We show that it should be possible to observe harmonic oscillator superradiance in a variety of physical platforms such as waveguide arrays in integrated photonics and resonator arrays in circuit QED. We find general conditions specifying when emission is superradiant and subradiant and find that superradiant, subradiant and dark states take the form of multimode squeezed coherent states and highly entangled multimode Fock states. The intensity, two-mode correlations and fraction of quanta trapped in the system after decay are calculated for a range of initial states including multimode Fock, squeezed, coherent and thermal states. In order to explore these effects, the Law and Eberly protocol [C. K. Law and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1055 (1996)] is generalized to prepare highly entangled multimode Fock states in circuit QED.
Physics 116 Simple Harmonic Motion
Gustafsson, Torgny
: The natural frequency depends only on the hanging mass and the spring constant of the spring. = (k/m)½ PENDULUM: The natural frequency depends only on the length of the string, and the value) L g = (pendulum) 2 2 1 kAEtotal = 2 2 1 kxU spring = #12;
Simple Harmonic Motion in Harmonic Plane Waves.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Benumof, Reuben
1980-01-01
Discusses the distribution of kinetic and potential energy in transverse and longitudinal waves and examines the transmission of power and momentum. This discussion is intended to aid in understanding the simple harmonic motion of a particle involved in the propagation of a harmonic mechanical plane wave. (HM)
Quantum jumps and classical harmonics
William A. Fedak; Jeffrey J. Prentis
2002-01-01
We present an introduction to quantum mechanics based on the formal correspondence between the atomic properties of quantum jumps and the classical harmonics of the electron's periodic motion. By adding a simple quantum condition to the classical Fourier analysis, we readily find the energies of the stationary states, calculate the transition probabilities between the states, and construct the line spectrum
(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 3: Data Analysis & Statistics
Baker, Andrew J.
(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 3: Data Analysis & Statistics #12; Scheduling For analysis Write in active voice ("We did..."), and be faithful to the data! #12; Two tips for analysis (1) Skip + observations for lab # 2 will begin #12; Data for lab #1 You should have received your data and the script
(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 3: Data Analysis & Statistics
Baker, Andrew J.
(Astro)Physics 343 Lecture # 3: Data Analysis & Statistics #12; Scheduling For analysis ("We did..."), and be faithful to the data! #12; Two tips for analysis (1) The SRT output due + observations for lab # 2 will begin #12; Quiz #12; Data for lab #1 You should have
Harmonization of Biodiesel Specifications
Alleman, T. L.
2008-02-01
Worldwide biodiesel production has grown dramatically over the last several years. Biodiesel standards vary across countries and regions, and there is a call for harmonization. For harmonization to become a reality, standards have to be adapted to cover all feedstocks. Additionally, all feedstocks cannot meet all specifications, so harmonization will require standards to either tighten or relax. For harmonization to succeed, the biodiesel market must be expanded with the alignment of test methods and specification limits, not contracted.
Harmonic nanoparticles for regenerative research.
Ronzoni, Flavio; Magouroux, Thibaud; Vernet, Remi; Extermann, Jérôme; Crotty, Darragh; Prina-Mello, Adriele; Ciepielewski, Daniel; Volkov, Yuri; Bonacina, Luigi; Wolf, Jean-Pierre; Jaconi, Marisa
2014-01-01
In this visualized experiment, protocol details are provided for in vitro labeling of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) with second harmonic generation nanoparticles (HNPs). The latter are a new family of probes recently introduced for labeling biological samples for multi-photon imaging. HNPs are capable of doubling the frequency of excitation light by the nonlinear optical process of second harmonic generation with no restriction on the excitation wavelength. Multi-photon based methodologies for hESC differentiation into cardiac clusters (maintained as long term air-liquid cultures) are presented in detail. In particular, evidence on how to maximize the intense second harmonic (SH) emission of isolated HNPs during 3D monitoring of beating cardiac tissue in 3D is shown. The analysis of the resulting images to retrieve 3D displacement patterns is also detailed. PMID:24836220
Hybrid electric vehicle DC-bus traction drive harmonics
A. von Jouanne; A. Wallace; W. Bowers; M. MillsPrice; K. Rhinefrank; T. Lewis
2005-01-01
This paper presents hybrid electric vehicle harmonic analysis for both single and dual traction motor drive systems. First, inverter output and DC-bus harmonics in single sine-triangle pulse width modulated (SPWM) drives are derived analytically, followed by employing both the switching function approach and Simulink simulations. The resulting harmonics are compared for all three approaches to ensure convergence on accurate results.
A comparative analysis of physical-layer rateless coding architectures
Romero, David Luis
2014-01-01
An analysis of rateless codes implemented at the physical layer is developed. Our model takes into account two aspects of practical communication system design that are abstracted away in many existing works on the subject. ...
NASA Space Plasma Physics Research and Analysis Program
Timothy E. Eastman
1987-01-01
The Research and Analysis (R&A) program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Space Plasma Physics Branch of the Office of Space Science and Applications supports more than 150 grants and contracts for research. This research program is the primary means by which NASA maintains and advances the broad-based infrastructure for research in space plasma physics in a way
Interactive ergonomic analysis of a physically disabled person's workplace
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Interactive ergonomic analysis of a physically disabled person's workplace Matthieu Aubry1 , Fr approach for in- teractive ergonomics evaluation, and especially adaptation of physically disabled people's workplaces. After a general survey of existing tools, we describe the requirements to perform ergonomic
Dimensional Analysis in Physics and the Buckingham Theorem
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Misic, Tatjana; Najdanovic-Lukic, Marina; Nesic, Ljubisa
2010-01-01
Dimensional analysis is a simple, clear and intuitive method for determining the functional dependence of physical quantities that are of importance to a certain process. However, in physics textbooks, very little space is usually given to this approach and it is often presented only as a diagnostic tool used to determine the validity of…
Cordis Anima Physical Modeling and Simulation System Analysis
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Cordis Anima Physical Modeling and Simulation System Analysis Kontogeorgakopoulos Alexandros.Kontogeorgakopoulos@imag.fr ACROE-ICA laboratory INPG, Grenoble, France, Claude.Cadoz@imag.fr Abstract -- The CORDIS-ANIMA physical of this approach by exploiting it mathematically. Linear CORDIS-ANIMA (CA) models are studied and presented using
Simulation and Analysis of Physical Processes for Aiding Technology Development
Cole, Dan C.
4/16/03 1 Simulation and Analysis of Physical Processes for Aiding Technology Development Dan Cole Dept. Manufacturing Engineering, Boston University #12;4/16/03 2 Simulation of Physical Processes of technology helps to dictate the appropriate level of simulation/modeling. Both directions are useful! One
An evolutionary algorithm for physical motion analysis
Fernandez, Thomas
interprets the space-time be- haviour of the object by fitting pa- rameters of the model. Many approaches skills in motion visual interpretation in kinesthesic terms (e.g. in sports training, where state. Concerning physical motion model- ling, we consider the approach of the LIFIA/ACROE team in the University
Exhaled breath analysis: physical methods, instruments, and medical diagnostics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vaks, V. L.; Domracheva, E. G.; Sobakinskaya, E. A.; Chernyaeva, M. B.
2014-07-01
This paper reviews the analysis of exhaled breath, a rapidly growing field in noninvasive medical diagnostics that lies at the intersection of physics, chemistry, and medicine. Current data are presented on gas markers in human breath and their relation to human diseases. Various physical methods for breath analysis are described. It is shown how measurement precision and data volume requirements have stimulated technological developments and identified the problems that have to be solved to put this method into clinical practice.
Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - Searching for New Physics (2/3)
None
2011-10-06
This is the second lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This second lecture discusses techniques important for analyses searching for new physics using the CDF B_s --> mu+ mu- search as a specific example. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.
Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - Searching for New Physics (2/3)
2010-01-20
This is the second lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This second lecture discusses techniques important for analyses searching for new physics using the CDF B_s --> mu+ mu- search as a specific example. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Poletto, L.; Bonora, S.; Pascolini, M.; Villoresi, P.
2004-11-01
The design and the performances of an extreme ultraviolet (EUV)spectrometer/monochromator for generation and diagnostics of high-order harmonics of an ultrashort (<30 fs) pulsed laser focused onto a gas jet are presented. The harmonic generation is optimized using an adaptive mirror before the laser focusing stage. A toroidal mirror is used to focus the XUV radiation in an intermediate stage for pump/probe experiments. A grazing-incidence flat-field spectrometer for the 5-75 nm spectral region has been designed: it adopts a stigmatic toroidal mirror and a varied line-space flat grating mounted in converging light. The almost flat stigmatic spectrum is acquired by a 40-mm-diameter microchannel plate intensifier; the whole detector can be moved to scan various portions of the spectrum. Different detectors allow one to acquire both integrated and single shot spectra at 1 kHz repetition rate. The absolute calibration of the spectrometer is provided. The same optical scheme can be applied to the design of a constant deviation angle EUV monochromator by substituting the detector block with an exit slit.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nuij, P. W. J. M.; Bosgra, O. H.; Steinbuch, M.
2006-11-01
For high-precision motion systems, modelling and control design specifically oriented at friction effects is instrumental. The sinusoidal input describing function theory represents an approximative mathematical framework for analysing non-linear system behaviour. This theory, however, limits the description of the non-linear system behaviour to a quasi-linear amplitude-dependent relation between sinusoidal excitation and sinusoidal response. In this paper, an extension to higher-order describing functions is realised by introducing the concept of the harmonics generator. The resulting higher-order sinusoidal input describing functions (HOSIDFs) relate the magnitude and phase of the higher harmonics of the periodic response of the system to the magnitude and phase of a sinusoidal excitation. Based on this extension two techniques to measure HOSIDFs are presented. The first technique is FFT based. The second technique is based on IQ (in-phase/quadrature-phase) demodulation. In a simulation, the measurement techniques have been tested by comparing the simulation results to analytically derived results from a known (backlash) non-linearity. In a subsequent practical case study both techniques are used to measure the changes in dynamic behaviour as a function of drive level due to friction in an electric motor. Both methods prove successful for measuring HOSIDFs.
Stevenson, Gareth P; Baker, Ruth E; Kennedy, Gareth F; Bond, Alan M; Gavaghan, David J; Gillow, Kathryn
2013-02-14
The potential-dependences of the rate constants associated with heterogeneous electron transfer predicted by the empirically based Butler-Volmer and fundamentally based Marcus-Hush formalisms are well documented for dc cyclic voltammetry. However, differences are often subtle, so, presumably on the basis of simplicity, the Butler-Volmer method is generally employed in theoretical-experimental comparisons. In this study, the ability of Large Amplitude Fourier Transform AC Cyclic Voltammetry to distinguish the difference in behaviour predicted by the two formalisms has been investigated. The focus of this investigation is on the difference in the profiles of the first to sixth harmonics, which are readily accessible when a large amplitude of the applied ac potential is employed. In particular, it is demonstrated that systematic analysis of the higher order harmonic responses in suitable kinetic regimes provides predicted deviations of Marcus-Hush from Butler-Volmer behaviour to be established from a single experiment under conditions where the background charging current is minimal. PMID:23223455
Atmospheric cloud physics thermal systems analysis
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1977-01-01
Engineering analyses performed on the Atmospheric Cloud Physics (ACPL) Science Simulator expansion chamber and associated thermal control/conditioning system are reported. Analyses were made to develop a verified thermal model and to perform parametric thermal investigations to evaluate systems performance characteristics. Thermal network representations of solid components and the complete fluid conditioning system were solved simultaneously using the Systems Improved Numerical Differencing Analyzer (SINDA) computer program.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Demin, S.; Panichev, O.; Nefedyev, Y.
2013-09-01
In this abstract are discussed new method for researching of time series based on statistical physics including Fourier analysis, correlation analysis, elements of fractal analysis and regression modeling.
High order harmonic generation in rare gases
Budil, K.S.
1994-05-01
The process of high order harmonic generation in atomic gases has shown great promise as a method of generating extremely short wavelength radiation, extending far into the extreme ultraviolet (XUV). The process is conceptually simple. A very intense laser pulse (I {approximately}10{sup 13}-10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2}) is focused into a dense ({approximately}10{sup l7} particles/cm{sup 3}) atomic medium, causing the atoms to become polarized. These atomic dipoles are then coherently driven by the laser field and begin to radiate at odd harmonics of the laser field. This dissertation is a study of both the physical mechanism of harmonic generation as well as its development as a source of coherent XUV radiation. Recently, a semiclassical theory has been proposed which provides a simple, intuitive description of harmonic generation. In this picture the process is treated in two steps. The atom ionizes via tunneling after which its classical motion in the laser field is studied. Electron trajectories which return to the vicinity of the nucleus may recombine and emit a harmonic photon, while those which do not return will ionize. An experiment was performed to test the validity of this model wherein the trajectory of the electron as it orbits the nucleus or ion core is perturbed by driving the process with elliptically, rather than linearly, polarized laser radiation. The semiclassical theory predicts a rapid turn-off of harmonic production as the ellipticity of the driving field is increased. This decrease in harmonic production is observed experimentally and a simple quantum mechanical theory is used to model the data. The second major focus of this work was on development of the harmonic {open_quotes}source{close_quotes}. A series of experiments were performed examining the spatial profiles of the harmonics. The quality of the spatial profile is crucial if the harmonics are to be used as the source for experiments, particularly if they must be refocused.
High-Speed Video Analysis in a Conceptual Physics Class
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Desbien, Dwain M.
2011-01-01
The use of probe ware and computers has become quite common in introductory physics classrooms. Video analysis is also becoming more popular and is available to a wide range of students through commercially available and/or free software. Video analysis allows for the study of motions that cannot be easily measured in the traditional lab setting…
Linear regression analysis in a first physics lab
Lawrence Hmurcik; Amy Slacik; Hilda Miller; Sandy Samoncik
1989-01-01
Linear regression analysis (least squares) is used in the first physics lab in order to introduce students to computer-aided analysis and to teach data fitting techniques. Application is made to two experiments: Fletcher's trolley and Hooke's law. Least squares will extract information from raw data in a very precise way, and it opens the way for the study of more
Gesture Analysis for Physics Education Researchers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scherr, Rachel E.
2008-01-01
Systematic observations of student gestures can not only fill in gaps in students' verbal expressions, but can also offer valuable information about student ideas, including their source, their novelty to the speaker, and their construction in real time. This paper provides a review of the research in gesture analysis that is most relevant to…
Gender and Physics: A Theoretical Analysis.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rolin, Kristina
2001-01-01
Argues that objections raised by Koertge, Gross and Levitt, and Weinberg against feminist scholarship are unwarranted. The concept of gender, as it has been developed in feminist theory, is key to understanding why the first objection is misguided. Social analysis of scientific knowledge is key to understanding why the second and third objections…
Error Analysis in the Introductory Physics Laboratory.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Deacon, Christopher G.
1992-01-01
Describes two simple methods of error analysis: (1) combining errors in the measured quantities; and (2) calculating the error or uncertainty in the slope of a straight-line graph. Discusses significance of the error in the comparison of experimental results with some known value. (MDH)
Accelerator physics analysis with interactive tools
Holt, J.A.; Michelotti, L.
1993-05-01
Work is in progress on interactive tools for linear and nonlinear accelerator design, analysis, and simulation using X-based graphics. The BEAMLINE and MXYZPTLK class libraries, were used with an X Windows graphics library to build a program for interactively editing lattices and studying their properties.
Synchronous Discrete Harmonic Oscillator
Antippa, Adel F. [Departement de Physique Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres Trois-Rivieres, Quebec, G9A 5H7 (Canada); Dubois, Daniel M. [Centre for Hyperincursion and Anticipation in Ordered Systems, CHAOS asbl, Institute of Mathematics, B37, University of Liege Grande Traverse 12, B-4000 LIEGE 1 (Belgium)
2008-10-17
We introduce the synchronous discrete harmonic oscillator, and present an analytical, numerical and graphical study of its characteristics. The oscillator is synchronous when the time T for one revolution covering an angle of 2{pi} in phase space, is an integral multiple N of the discrete time step {delta}t. It is fully synchronous when N is even. It is pseudo-synchronous when T/{delta}t is rational. In the energy conserving hyperincursive representation, the phase space trajectories are perfectly stable at all time scales, and in both synchronous and pseudo-synchronous modes they cycle through a finite number of phase space points. Consequently, both the synchronous and the pseudo-synchronous hyperincursive modes of time-discretization provide a physically realistic and mathematically coherent, procedure for dynamic, background independent, discretization of spacetime. The procedure is applicable to any stable periodic dynamical system, and provokes an intrinsic correlation between space and time, whereby space-discretization is a direct consequence of background-independent time-discretization. Hence, synchronous discretization moves the formalism of classical mechanics towards that of special relativity. The frequency of the hyperincursive discrete harmonic oscillator is ''blue shifted'' relative to its continuum counterpart. The frequency shift has the precise value needed to make the speed of the system point in phase space independent of the discretizing time interval {delta}t. That is the speed of the system point is the same on the polygonal (in the discrete case) and the circular (in the continuum case) phase space trajectories.
Computational and Physical Analysis of Catalytic Compounds
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, Richard; Sohn, Jung Jae; Kyung, Richard
2015-03-01
Nanoparticles exhibit unique physical and chemical properties depending on their geometrical properties. For this reason, synthesis of nanoparticles with controlled shape and size is important to use their unique properties. Catalyst supports are usually made of high-surface-area porous oxides or carbon nanomaterials. These support materials stabilize metal catalysts against sintering at high reaction temperatures. Many studies have demonstrated large enhancements of catalytic behavior due to the role of the oxide-metal interface. In this paper, the catalyzing ability of supported nano metal oxides, such as silicon oxide and titanium oxide compounds as catalysts have been analyzed using computational chemistry method. Computational programs such as Gamess and Chemcraft has been used in an effort to compute the efficiencies of catalytic compounds, and bonding energy changes during the optimization convergence. The result illustrates how the metal oxides stabilize and the steps that it takes. The graph of the energy computation step(N) versus energy(kcal/mol) curve shows that the energy of the titania converges faster at the 7th iteration calculation, whereas the silica converges at the 9th iteration calculation.
Adult physical activity behavior: a trend analysis.
Brooks, C
1988-01-01
One of the health objectives for the nation is to have 60% of adults 18-64 years regularly active in vigorous physical activity by 1990. In this paper an effort is made to determine whether American society is making satisfactory progress toward this goal. Two independent databases are analyzed: time diaries collected from a national sample of American adults in 1981; and the Simmons Market Research Bureau, Inc., survey undertaken in 1984. Participation of adults 25-64 in moderate to vigorous activities that included racquet sports, swimming, hiking, bicycling, skiing, jogging, outdoor gardening, skating, etc. is compared between the two time periods. After adjusting for social desirability bias the results indicated there were a similar number of non-participants of the activities analyzed in 1981 and 1984. There was, however, an increase in the number of adults participating occasionally in vigorous activity, although, there did not appear to be any increase in the number who were regularly active, i.e. at least 3 days/week. Thus, while there are indications that adults 25-64 years are adopting more vigorous activity, less than 20% were regular enough in 1984 for improvements in cardiovascular functioning to occur. Unless there were dramatic increases in the activity status of adults 18-24 years of age which was not assessed in this study, the 1990 goal is unlikely to be met. PMID:3351545
A physical analysis of nucleosome positioning
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gerland, Ulrich
2015-03-01
The first level of genome packaging in eukaryotic cells involves the formation of dense nucleosome arrays, with DNA coverage near 90% in yeasts. A high nucleosome coverage is essential for cells, e.g. to prevent cryptic transcription, and the local positions of specific nucleosomes can play an important role in gene regulation. It is known that in vivo nucleosome positions are affected by a complex mix of passive and active mechanisms, including sequence-specific histone-DNA binding, nucleosome-nucleosome interactions, ATP-dependent remodeling enzymes, transcription, and DNA replication. Yet, the statistical distribution of nucleosome positions is extremely well described by simple physical models that treat the chromatin fiber as an interacting one-dimensional gas. I will discuss how can we interpret this surprising observation from a mechanistic perspective. I will also discuss the kinetics of the interacting gas model, which is pertinent to the question of how cells achieve the high nucleosome coverage within a short time, e.g. after DNA replication.
Tabletop coherent extreme ultraviolet and soft X-ray sources based on high harmonic generation
Lai, Chien-Jen, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2014-01-01
High harmonic generation (HHG) is a fascinating strong-field physics phenomenon that occurs when a laser pulse with a moderate intensity interacts with atoms and partially ionizes the atoms. A series of harmonics are ...
Time harmonic field electric logging
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Banchs, Rafael Enrique
Because of practical problems related to the continuous flow of currents, actual electric logging devices operate with alternating currents instead. However, due to the relatively low frequencies used, this kind of logging systems has been always assumed to operate at zero frequency (electrostatic assumption). In this dissertation, a time harmonic field analysis procedure is implemented to study electric logging systems at their real frequencies of operation and determine the extent of the validity of the electrostatic assumption. Also, the suitability of frequency-based electric logging inverse modeling is studied. In present logging inversion methods, the inversion data set is generated by using the length of the tool in order to vary the depth of investigation. The time harmonic field analysis procedure, on the other hand, allows the use of frequency in order to vary the depth of investigation in a more economical way.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Herrera, J. I.; Reddoch, T. W.
1988-02-01
Variable speed electric generating technology can enhance the general use of wind energy in electric utility applications. This enhancement results from two characteristic properties of variable speed wind turbine generators: an improvement in drive train damping characteristics, which results in reduced structural loading on the entire wind turbine system, and an improvement in the overall efficiency by using a more sophisticated electrical generator. Electronic converter systems are the focus of this investigation -- in particular, the properties of a wound-rotor induction generator with the slip recovery system and direct-current link converter. Experience with solid-state converter systems in large wind turbines is extremely limited. This report presents measurements of electrical performances of the slip recovery system and is limited to the terminal characteristics of the system. Variable speed generating systems working effectively in utility applications will require a satisfactory interface between the turbine/generator pair and the utility network. The electrical testing described herein focuses largely on the interface characteristics of the generating system. A MOD-O wind turbine was connected to a very strong system; thus, the voltage distortion was low and the total harmonic distortion in the utility voltage was less than 3 percent (within the 5 percent limit required by most utilities). The largest voltage component of a frequency below 60 Hz was 40 dB down from the 60-Hz less than component.
Harmonic influence lines in structural dynamics calculated by use of Müller-Breslau's theorem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Åkesson, B. Å.
1990-10-01
Müller-Breslau's theorem is formulated and proved for certain linear structures in forced stationary harmonic vibration. The theorem provides the structural analyst with a computationally attractive method for finding, in one and the same calculation, all coefficients (generally complex-valued) describing the influence on a reactive or sectional force in a fixed position by an external harmonic unit load acting in any position. Critical and dimensioning combinations of loads can thereby easily be found. Three numerical examples demonstrate applications to systems that are discrete and continuous, undamped and damped, and finite and infinite. It is shown how a standard computer program for the analysis of beam and frame vibration can be employed to calculate and plot harmonic influence lines by use of the Müller-Breslau technique. Physical experiments based on the same technique are discussed.
Harmonic synchronization of nonlinear oscillators
I. Schmideg
1971-01-01
The locking range of a harmonic synchronized oscillator is calculated, and it is shown to be proportional to the relative harmonic amplitude produced by the nonlinearity. For completeness a simple method is given for calculating the harmonic output produced.
Third-harmonic generation in quasi-phase-matched chi(2) media with missing second harmonic.
Longhi, Stefano
2007-07-01
What we believe to be a conceptually novel scheme for third-harmonic generation in engineered quasi-phase-matched chi((2)) optical structures is proposed in which the fundamental-frequency field is directly converted into the third-harmonic field without the intermediate generation of the second-harmonic field. This counterintuitive scheme, which exploits the concept of adiabatic passage and the existence of a nonlinear dark state, bears a close connection to the "stimulated Raman adiabatic passage" technique of population transfer in atomic physics. PMID:17603571
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Renuga, S.; Muthu, S.
2014-01-01
Density functional theory (DFT) computations have become an efficient tool in the prediction of molecular structure, harmonic force fields, vibrational wave numbers as well as the IR and Raman intensities of pharmaceutically important molecule. In this work, we report harmonic vibrational frequencies, molecular structure, NBO and HOMO, LUMO analysis and detonation properties of (S)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl) butanamide. The solid phase FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of (S)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl) butanamide were recorded in the region 4000-450 cm-1 and 4000-50 cm-1 respectively. Harmonic frequencies of this compound were determined and analyzed by DFT utilizing 6-31G(d,p), 6-31+G(d,p) basis sets. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of Normal Coordinate Analysis (NCA) following the Scaled Quantum Mechanical Force Field Methodology (SQMFF). The calculated infrared and Raman spectra of the title compounds were also stimulated utilizing the scaled force fields and the computed dipole derivatives for IR intensities and polarizability derivatives for Raman intensities. The change in electron density (ED) in the ?* and ?* antibonding orbital's and stabilization energies E(2) have been calculated by Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis to give clear evidence of stabilization originating in the hyperconjugation of hydrogen-bonded interaction. Heat of formation (HOF) and calculated density were estimated to evaluate detonation properties using Kamlet-Jacobs equations. The linear polarizability (?) and the first order hyperpolarizability (?) values of the investigated molecule have been computed using DFT calculations. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The observed and calculated wave numbers are found to be in good agreement. On the basis of vibrational analyses, the thermodynamic properties of title compound at different temperatures have been calculated.
Renuga, S; Muthu, S
2014-01-24
Density functional theory (DFT) computations have become an efficient tool in the prediction of molecular structure, harmonic force fields, vibrational wave numbers as well as the IR and Raman intensities of pharmaceutically important molecule. In this work, we report harmonic vibrational frequencies, molecular structure, NBO and HOMO, LUMO analysis and detonation properties of (S)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl) butanamide. The solid phase FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of (S)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl) butanamide were recorded in the region 4000-450 cm(-1) and 4000-50 cm(-1) respectively. Harmonic frequencies of this compound were determined and analyzed by DFT utilizing 6-31G(d,p), 6-31+G(d,p) basis sets. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of Normal Coordinate Analysis (NCA) following the Scaled Quantum Mechanical Force Field Methodology (SQMFF). The calculated infrared and Raman spectra of the title compounds were also stimulated utilizing the scaled force fields and the computed dipole derivatives for IR intensities and polarizability derivatives for Raman intensities. The change in electron density (ED) in the ?(*) and ?(*) antibonding orbital's and stabilization energies E(2) have been calculated by Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis to give clear evidence of stabilization originating in the hyperconjugation of hydrogen-bonded interaction. Heat of formation (HOF) and calculated density were estimated to evaluate detonation properties using Kamlet-Jacobs equations. The linear polarizability (?) and the first order hyperpolarizability (?) values of the investigated molecule have been computed using DFT calculations. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The observed and calculated wave numbers are found to be in good agreement. On the basis of vibrational analyses, the thermodynamic properties of title compound at different temperatures have been calculated. PMID:24096066
Disability in Physical Education Textbooks: An Analysis of Image Content
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Taboas-Pais, Maria Ines; Rey-Cao, Ana
2012-01-01
The aim of this paper is to show how images of disability are portrayed in physical education textbooks for secondary schools in Spain. The sample was composed of 3,316 images published in 36 textbooks by 10 publishing houses. A content analysis was carried out using a coding scheme based on categories employed in other similar studies and adapted…
Analysis of Physical Activity Propagation in a Health Social Network
Dou, Dejing
source of health information and may thus be an appropriate delivery for health behavior interventions [10]. Since 2000, a wide range of studies evaluating Internet-delivered health behavior inAnalysis of Physical Activity Propagation in a Health Social Network NhatHai Phan University
Data Preservation and Long Term Analysis in High Energy Physics
South, David M
2009-01-01
High energy physics data is a long term investment and contains the potential for physics results beyond the lifetime of a collaboration. Many existing experiments are concluding their physics programs, and looking at ways to preserve their data heritage. Preservation of high-energy physics data and data analysis structures is a challenge, and past experience has shown it can be difficult if adequate planning and resources are not provided. A study group has been formed to provide guidelines for such data preservation efforts in the future. Key areas to be investigated were identified at a workshop at DESY in January 2009, to be followed by a workshop at SLAC in May 2009. More information can be found at http://dphep.org
Physics-based deformable organisms for medical image analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hamarneh, Ghassan; McIntosh, Chris
2005-04-01
Previously, "Deformable organisms" were introduced as a novel paradigm for medical image analysis that uses artificial life modelling concepts. Deformable organisms were designed to complement the classical bottom-up deformable models methodologies (geometrical and physical layers), with top-down intelligent deformation control mechanisms (behavioral and cognitive layers). However, a true physical layer was absent and in order to complete medical image segmentation tasks, deformable organisms relied on pure geometry-based shape deformations guided by sensory data, prior structural knowledge, and expert-generated schedules of behaviors. In this paper we introduce the use of physics-based shape deformations within the deformable organisms framework yielding additional robustness by allowing intuitive real-time user guidance and interaction when necessary. We present the results of applying our physics-based deformable organisms, with an underlying dynamic spring-mass mesh model, to segmenting and labelling the corpus callosum in 2D midsagittal magnetic resonance images.
Nadashvili, L A
2006-04-01
Determination of individual characteristics of a human being causes much interest. Furthermore, you can seldom come across the studies about determination of psychological categories of accelerants. The aim of the present work was to determine quantitative analysis of psychometric indicators among 40-55 years old accelerant Georgian men and women of normal physical development for given age scales as well as to determine personal characteristics of each person to be researched. On the basis of conducted research we may shape out, that older Georgian women are characterized with phlegmatic temperament and introversive character. They are observed to have average degree of logic and verbal intellect; constitutional types of mid exciting, conflicting and static mood. While elder Georgian men have sanguine temperament, they are characterized with extroversive character, average degree of logic intellect, plastic-dynamic and constitutional-stable mood; they are considered to be harmonic and dynamic constitutional types. We have also established that Georgian accelerant men are observed to have phlegmatic temperament, extroversion, average mathematical intellect and conflicting and static mood. Accelerant Georgian women displayed phlegmatic temperament, extroversion, average logic intellect, and conflicting and static mood. But still they were observed, though seldom, to have harmonic and dynamic character. PMID:16705251
Second International Workshop on Harmonic Oscillators
Han, D.; Wolf, K.B.
1995-01-01
The Second International Workshop on Harmonic Oscillators was held at the Hotel Hacienda Cocoyoc from March 23 to 25, 1994. The Workshop gathered 67 participants; there were 10 invited lecturers, 30 plenary oral presentations, 15 posters, and plenty of discussion divided into the five sessions of this volume. The Organizing Committee was asked by the chairman of several Mexican funding agencies what exactly was meant by harmonic oscillators, and for what purpose the new research could be useful. Harmonic oscillators - as was explained - is a code name for a family of mathematical models based on the theory of Lie algebras and groups, with applications in a growing range of physical theories and technologies: molecular, atomic, nuclear and particle physics; quantum optics and communication theory. Separate abstracts have been prepared for items from this conference.
Oscillation Laue Analysis (OLA) - A new crystal structure determination method for mineral physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dera, P.; Downs, R. T.; Liermann, H.; Yang, W.
2006-12-01
We present a new approach for collection and interpretation of polychromatic radiation diffraction images, called Oscillation Laue Analysis, which combines capabilities of single crystal X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The method is based on smearing Laue reflections into variable-energy curves by slight oscillation of the crystal during the exposure. The OLA method allows for simple and precise peak energy determination and harmonic overlap deconvolution through measurement of X-ray attenuation coefficient of metal foils inserted into incident beam. The method provides an easy reliable way of determining unit cells of unknown single-crystal phases, yields multiple monochromatic structure factor sets covering wide range of energies, which can be used for Multiple Anomalous Dispersion (MAD) based structure solution or enhancement of contrast between neighboring elements in the periodic table, and allows the routine ab initio solution of unknown structures. The results of our first experiments, performed at sector 16 of the Advanced Photon Source Laboratory, and aimed at determination of the compression mechanism of escolite (Cr2O3) will be presented and discussed in the context of application of the new approach in micromineralogy, characterization of meteoritic samples, and high-pressure mineral physics.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Dong-Soo; Kim, Jong-Tae; Park, Heon-Joon; Bang, Eun Seok; Park, Hyung-Choon
2015-02-01
In this study, a large-scale model testing site was constructed to show the feasibility of a surface wave method based on harmonic wavelet analysis of waves (HWAW) for evaluating the lateral variation of the shear wave velocity (VS) profile (or two-dimensional shear wave velocity image) by initially determining the local VS profile. The testing site consists of four different stiffness layers, including an inclined layer boundary. In this site, 104 geophones were embedded and used to determine the wave velocities of each layer at seven test locations. The wave velocities measured by the embedded geophones were used as reliable reference values for the verification study. The HWAW, SASW (Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave), and down-hole methods were performed on the constructed model testing site, and the test results were compared to reference values. The verification study demonstrated the promising potential of the HWAW method in determining the two-dimensional VS image (or the lateral variation of the shear wave velocity profiles) by interpolating the 1D profiles of local fields subdividing the entire field in a lateral direction.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Yao; Zhu, Xiaoqin; Huang, Zufang; Cai, Jianyong; Chen, Rong; Xiong, Shuyuan; Chen, Guannan; Zeng, Haishan
2015-01-01
Quantitative methods for noninvasive diagnosis of scars are a challenging issue in medicine. This work aims to implement a texture analysis method for quantitatively discriminating abnormal scars from normal scars based on second-harmonic generation (SHG) images. A local difference local binary pattern (LD-LBP) operator combined with a wavelet transform was explored to extract diagnosis features from scar SHG images that were related to the alteration in collagen morphology. Based on the quantitative parameters including the homogeneity, directional and coarse features in SHG images, the scar collagen SHG images were classified into normal or abnormal scars by a support vector machine classifier in a leave-one-out cross-validation procedure. Our experiments and data analyses demonstrated apparent differences between normal and abnormal scars in terms of their morphological structure of collagen. By comparing with gray level co-occurrence matrix, wavelet transform, and combined basic local binary pattern and wavelet transform with respect to the accuracy and receiver operating characteristic analysis, the method proposed herein was demonstrated to achieve higher accuracy and more reliable classification of SHG images. This result indicated that the extracted texture features with the proposed method were effective in the classification of scars. It could provide assistance for physicians in the diagnostic process.
Data management, archiving, visualization and analysis of space physics data
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Russell, C. T.
1995-01-01
A series of programs for the visualization and analysis of space physics data has been developed at UCLA. In the course of those developments, a number of lessons have been learned regarding data management and data archiving, as well as data analysis. The issues now facing those wishing to develop such software, as well as the lessons learned, are reviewed. Modern media have eased many of the earlier problems of the physical volume required to store data, the speed of access, and the permanence of the records. However, the ultimate longevity of these media is still a question of debate. Finally, while software development has become easier, cost is still a limiting factor in developing visualization and analysis software.
RMC - A Monte Carlo code for reactor physics analysis
Wang, K.; Li, Z.; She, D.; Liang, J.; Xu, Q.; Qiu, A.; Yu, J.; Sun, J.; Fan, X.; Yu, G. [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Liuqing Building, Beijing, 100084 (China)
2013-07-01
A new Monte Carlo neutron transport code RMC has been being developed by Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing as a tool for reactor physics analysis on high-performance computing platforms. To meet the requirements of reactor analysis, RMC now has such functions as criticality calculation, fixed-source calculation, burnup calculation and kinetics simulations. Some techniques for geometry treatment, new burnup algorithm, source convergence acceleration, massive tally and parallel calculation, and temperature dependent cross sections processing are researched and implemented in RMC to improve the efficiency. Validation results of criticality calculation, burnup calculation, source convergence acceleration, tallies performance and parallel performance shown in this paper prove the capabilities of RMC in dealing with reactor analysis problems with good performances. (authors)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
First, Leili K.
This dissertation investigates the intersections and interactions of factors which enhance and inhibit creativity in theoretical physics research, using a situational analysis of the fifth Solvay Council on Physics of 1927 (Solvay 1927), a pivotal point in the history of quantum physics. Situational analysis is a postmodern variant of the grounded theory method which views a situation as the unit of analysis and adds situational mapping as an analytic tool. This method specifically works against normalizing or simplifying the points of view, instead drawing out diversity, complexity, and contradiction. It results in "theorizing" rather than theory. This research differs from other analyses of the development of quantum mechanics in looking at technical issues as well as individual, collective, and societal factors. Data examined in this historical analysis includes theoretical papers, conference proceedings, personal letters, and commentary and analysis, both contemporaneous and modern. Literature related to scientific creativity was also consulted. Mapping the situation as a master discourse of Niels Bohr overlapping and interacting with co-existent major discourses on matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation, wave mechanics, and the pilot-wave theory resulted in the most descriptive illustration of the factors influencing scientific creativity before and after Solvay 1927. The master discourse strongly influenced the major discourses and generated the "Copenhagen spirit" which effectively marginalized discourses other than matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation after Solvay 1927.
The Local Stellar Velocity Field via Vector Spherical Harmonics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Markarov, V. V.; Murphy, D. W.
2007-01-01
We analyze the local field of stellar tangential velocities for a sample of 42,339 nonbinary Hipparcos stars with accurate parallaxes, using a vector spherical harmonic formalism. We derive simple relations between the parameters of the classical linear model (Ogorodnikov-Milne) of the local systemic field and low-degree terms of the general vector harmonic decomposition. Taking advantage of these relationships, we determine the solar velocity with respect to the local stars of (V(sub X), V(sub Y), V(sub Z)) (10.5, 18.5, 7.3) +/- 0.1 km s(exp -1) not corrected for the asymmetric drift with respect to the local standard of rest. If only stars more distant than 100 pc are considered, the peculiar solar motion is (V(sub X), V(sub Y), V(sub Z)) (9.9, 15.6, 6.9) +/- 0.2 km s(exp -1). The adverse effects of harmonic leakage, which occurs between the reflex solar motion represented by the three electric vector harmonics in the velocity space and higher degree harmonics in the proper-motion space, are eliminated in our analysis by direct subtraction of the reflex solar velocity in its tangential components for each star. The Oort parameters determined by a straightforward least-squares adjustment in vector spherical harmonics are A=14.0 +/- 1.4, B=13.1 +/- 1.2, K=1.1 +/- 1.8, and C=2.9 +/- 1.4 km s(exp -1) kpc(exp -1). The physical meaning and the implications of these parameters are discussed in the framework of a general linear model of the velocity field. We find a few statistically significant higher degree harmonic terms that do not correspond to any parameters in the classical linear model. One of them, a third-degree electric harmonic, is tentatively explained as the response to a negative linear gradient of rotation velocity with distance from the Galactic plane, which we estimate at approximately -20 km s(exp -1) kpc(exp -1). A similar vertical gradient of rotation velocity has been detected for more distant stars representing the thick disk (z greater than 1 kpc), but here we surmise its existence in the thin disk at z less than 200 pc. The most unexpected and unexplained term within the Ogorodnikov-Milne model is the first-degree magnetic harmonic, representing a rigid rotation of the stellar field about the axis -Y pointing opposite to the direction of rotation. This harmonic comes out with a statistically robust coefficient of 6.2 +/- 0.9 km s(exp -1) kpc(exp -1) and is also present in the velocity field of more distant stars. The ensuing upward vertical motion of stars in the general direction of the Galactic center and the downward motion in the anticenter direction are opposite to the vector field expected from the stationary Galactic warp model.
Lin, Qui-xun; Van Wechel, T.D.
1987-01-01
A single gap harmonic buncher has been constructed as a pretandem buncher. Over 85% of a proton dc beam has been bunched into pulses. The width (fwhm) of the pulses is 0.7 ns. The buncher is based on that built at Argonne. Changes were made to the buncher's configuration so that the buncher could be tuned to the desired four harmonic frequencies. A method of calibrating and setting the relative phases and amplitudes of the four harmonic frequencies has been used to obtain an optimum sawtooth-like bunching waveform.
Identification and tracking of harmonic sources in a power system using a Kalman filter
Ma, H. [Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Girgis, A.A. [Clemson Univ., SC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
1996-07-01
In this paper, two problems have been addressed on harmonic sources identification: the optimal locations of a limited number of harmonic meters and the optimal dynamic estimates of harmonic source locations and their injections in unbalanced three-phase power systems. A Kalman filtering is used to attack these problems. System error covariance analysis by the Kalman filter associated with a harmonic injection estimate determines the optimal arrangement of limited harmonic meters. Based on the optimally-arranged harmonic metering locations, the Kalman filter then yields the optimal dynamic estimates of harmonic injections with a few noisy harmonic measurements. The method is dynamic and has the capability of identifying, analyzing and tracking each harmonic injection at all buses in unbalanced three-phase power systems. Actual recorded harmonic measurements and simulated data in a power distribution system are provided to prove the efficiency of this approach.
A Global Sensitivity Analysis Methodology for Multi-physics Applications
Tong, C H; Graziani, F R
2007-02-02
Experiments are conducted to draw inferences about an entire ensemble based on a selected number of observations. This applies to both physical experiments as well as computer experiments, the latter of which are performed by running the simulation models at different input configurations and analyzing the output responses. Computer experiments are instrumental in enabling model analyses such as uncertainty quantification and sensitivity analysis. This report focuses on a global sensitivity analysis methodology that relies on a divide-and-conquer strategy and uses intelligent computer experiments. The objective is to assess qualitatively and/or quantitatively how the variabilities of simulation output responses can be accounted for by input variabilities. We address global sensitivity analysis in three aspects: methodology, sampling/analysis strategies, and an implementation framework. The methodology consists of three major steps: (1) construct credible input ranges; (2) perform a parameter screening study; and (3) perform a quantitative sensitivity analysis on a reduced set of parameters. Once identified, research effort should be directed to the most sensitive parameters to reduce their uncertainty bounds. This process is repeated with tightened uncertainty bounds for the sensitive parameters until the output uncertainties become acceptable. To accommodate the needs of multi-physics application, this methodology should be recursively applied to individual physics modules. The methodology is also distinguished by an efficient technique for computing parameter interactions. Details for each step will be given using simple examples. Numerical results on large scale multi-physics applications will be available in another report. Computational techniques targeted for this methodology have been implemented in a software package called PSUADE.
The Lambdoma matrix and harmonic intervals
Barbara Hero; Robert Miller Foulkrod
1999-01-01
We are trying to reconstruct some of the laws of music by exploring the nature of the Lambdoma diagram of harmonic whole-number ratios. We hypothesize that the effects of this music, because of its well-defined mathematical construct, are that of emotional and physical harmony (cenesthesia). We strongly suspect that it is the continuously sounding fundamental pitch, chosen by the player,
Reactor Physics Methods and Analysis Capabilities in SCALE
Mark D. DeHart; Stephen M. Bowman
2011-05-01
The TRITON sequence of the SCALE code system provides a powerful, robust, and rigorous approach for performing reactor physics analysis. This paper presents a detailed description of TRITON in terms of its key components used in reactor calculations. The ability to accurately predict the nuclide composition of depleted reactor fuel is important in a wide variety of applications. These applications include, but are not limited to, the design, licensing, and operation of commercial/research reactors and spent-fuel transport/storage systems. New complex design projects such as next-generation power reactors and space reactors require new high-fidelity physics methods, such as those available in SCALE/TRITON, that accurately represent the physics associated with both evolutionary and revolutionary reactor concepts as they depart from traditional and well-understood light water reactor designs.
Physically based groundwater vulnerability assessment using sensitivity analysis methods.
Beaujean, Jean; Lemieux, Jean-Michel; Dassargues, Alain; Therrien, René; Brouyère, Serge
2014-01-01
A general physically based method is presented to assess the vulnerability of groundwater to external pressures by numerical simulation of groundwater flow. The concept of groundwater vulnerability assessment considered here is based on the calculation of sensitivity coefficients for a user-defined groundwater state for which we propose several physically based indicators. Two sensitivity analysis methods are presented: the sensitivity equation method and the adjoint operator method. We show how careful selection of a method can significantly minimize the computational effort. An illustration of the general methodology is presented for the Herten aquifer analog (Germany). This application to a simple, yet insightful, case demonstrates the potential use of this general and physically based vulnerability assessment method to complex aquifers. PMID:24236887
Valons and harmonic oscillators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hussar, Paul E.
1981-06-01
The valon distribution derived by Hwa is compared with the valence-quark distribution from the covariant-harmonic-oscillator wave function which correctly describes the proton-form-factor behavior, and which provides a covariant representation of the hadron mass spectra. It is shown that the harmonic-oscillator curve closely approximates the valon distribution for x>0.25. For 0
Depth-resolved imaging of nematic liquid crystals by third-harmonic microscopy
Silberberg, Yaron
Depth-resolved imaging of nematic liquid crystals by third-harmonic microscopy D. Yelin and Y, Pennsylvania 16802 Received 5 January 1999; accepted for publication 30 March 1999 Third-harmonic microscopy American Institute of Physics. S0003-6951 99 04321-1 Third-harmonic generation scanning laser microscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hu, Wenyan; Li, Hui; Wang, Chunyou; Gou, Shanmiao; Fu, Ling
2012-02-01
Collagen is the most prominent protein in the human body, making up 30% of the total protein content. Quantitative studies have shown structural differences between collagen fibers of the normal and diseased tissues, due to the remodeling of the extracellular matrix during the pathological process. The dominant orientation, which is an important characteristic of collagen fibers, has not been taken into consideration for quantitative collagen analysis. Based on the conventional gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) method, the authors proposed the orientation-dependent GLCM (OD-GLCM) method by estimating the dominant orientation of collagen fibers. The authors validated the utility of the OD-GLCM method on second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopic images of tendons from rats with different ages. Compared with conventional GLCM method, the authors' method has not only improved the discrimination between different tissues but also provided additional texture information of the orderliness of collagen fibers and the fiber size. The OD-GLCM method was further applied to the differentiation of the preliminary SHG images of normal and cancerous human pancreatic tissues. The combination of SHG microscopy and the OD-GLCM method might be helpful for the evaluation of diseases marked with abnormal collagen morphology.
Synchronisation and coupling analysis: applied cardiovascular physics in sleep medicine.
Wessel, Niels; Riedl, Maik; Kramer, Jan; Muller, Andreas; Penzel, Thomas; Kurths, Jurgen
2013-01-01
Sleep is a physiological process with an internal program of a number of well defined sleep stages and intermediate wakefulness periods. The sleep stages modulate the autonomous nervous system and thereby the sleep stages are accompanied by different regulation regimes for the cardiovascular and respiratory system. The differences in regulation can be distinguished by new techniques of cardiovascular physics. The number of patients suffering from sleep disorders increases unproportionally with the increase of the human population and aging, leading to very high expenses in the public health system. Therefore, the challenge of cardiovascular physics is to develop highly-sophisticated methods which are able to, on the one hand, supplement and replace expensive medical devices and, on the other hand, improve the medical diagnostics with decreasing the patient's risk. Methods of cardiovascular physics are used to analyze heart rate, blood pressure and respiration to detect changes of the autonomous nervous system in different diseases. Data driven modeling analysis, synchronization and coupling analysis and their applications to biosignals in healthy subjects and patients with different sleep disorders are presented. Newly derived methods of cardiovascular physics can help to find indicators for these health risks. PMID:24111247
Since the development of broadband solid-state laser me- dia, passive mode-locking techniques, and the chirped-pulse amplification technique, high-power ultrashort-pulse laser technology has continuously-power ultrashort-pulse laser technology 13,14 . The analysis can only be used in extremely dilute plasmas because
Physics-Based Simulator for NEO Exploration Analysis & Simulation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Balaram, J.; Cameron, J.; Jain, A.; Kline, H.; Lim, C.; Mazhar, H.; Myint, S.; Nayar, H.; Patton, R.; Pomerantz, M.; Quadrelli, M.; Shakkotai, P.; Tso, K.
2011-01-01
As part of the Space Exploration Analysis and Simulation (SEAS) task, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is using physics-based simulations at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to explore potential surface and near-surface mission operations at Near Earth Objects (NEOs). The simulator is under development at JPL and can be used to provide detailed analysis of various surface and near-surface NEO robotic and human exploration concepts. In this paper we describe the SEAS simulator and provide examples of recent mission systems and operations concepts investigated using the simulation. We also present related analysis work and tools developed for both the SEAS task as well as general modeling, analysis and simulation capabilites for asteroid/small-body objects.
Chu, Shih-I
2013-01-01
valence electron subshells. In particular, we found that the valence electron subshell features ultrashort laser fields: An all-electron time-dependent density-functional approach including macroscopic, Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan 2 College of Physics and Electronic
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fuller, Robert G., Ed.; And Others
This is part of a series of 42 Calculus Based Physics (CBP) modules totaling about 1,000 pages. The modules include study guides, practice tests, and mastery tests for a full-year individualized course in calculus-based physics based on the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI). The units are not intended to be used without outside materials;…
Preliminary Safety Analysis Report for the Tokamak Physics Experiment
Motloch, C.G.; Bonney, R.F. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Levine, J.D. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; McKenzie-Carter, M.A. [Science Applications International Corp., San Diego, CA (United States); Masson, L.S. [SCIENTECH, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Commander, J.C.
1995-04-01
This Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR), includes an indication of the magnitude of facility hazards, complexity of facility operations, and the stage of the facility life-cycle. It presents the results of safety analyses, safety assurance programs, identified vulnerabilities, compensatory measures, and, in general, the rationale describing why the Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) can be safely operated. It discusses application of the graded approach to the TPX safety analysis, including the basis for using Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.23 and DOE-STD-3009-94 in the development of the PSAR.
Physics 343 Lecture # 5: Sun, Stars, and Planets; Bayesian analysis
Baker, Andrew J.
Physics 343 Lecture # 5: Sun, Stars, and Planets; Bayesian analysis #12; Schedule/Astronomy 343 3 Size, mass, and distance of the Sun ---3.74 x 108 s 11.9 years 3.156 x 107 s 1 year Period ---778 x 106 km 483 x 106 mi 150 x 106 km 93 x 106 mi Distance From Sun 2.0 x 1030 kg 1.9 x 1027 kg 6.0 x
Theoretical and experimental analysis of the physics of water rockets
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Barrio-Perotti, R.; Blanco-Marigorta, E.; Fernández-Francos, J.; Galdo-Vega, M.
2010-09-01
A simple rocket can be made using a plastic bottle filled with a volume of water and pressurized air. When opened, the air pressure pushes the water out of the bottle. This causes an increase in the bottle momentum so that it can be propelled to fairly long distances or heights. Water rockets are widely used as an educational activity, and several mathematical models have been proposed to investigate and predict their physics. However, the real equations that describe the physics of the rockets are so complicated that certain assumptions are usually made to obtain models that are easier to use. These models provide relatively good predictions but fail in describing the complex physics of the flow. This paper presents a detailed theoretical analysis of the physics of water rockets that concludes with the proposal of a physical model. The validity of the model is checked by a series of field tests. The tests showed maximum differences with predictions of about 6%. The proposed model is finally used to investigate the temporal evolution of some significant variables during the propulsion and flight of the rocket. The experience and procedure described in this paper can be proposed to graduate students and also at undergraduate level if certain simplifications are assumed in the general equations.
Fault Detection and Diagnostics for Non-Intrusive Monitoring Using Motor Harmonics
Orji, Uzoma A.
Harmonic analysis of motor current has been used to track the speed of motors for sensorless control. Algorithms exist that track the speed of a motor given a dedicated stator current measurement, for example. Harmonic ...
Ho, Derek; Lugo, Miguel R; Merrill, A Rod
2013-02-15
The pre-channel state of helices 6, 7, and 10 (Val(447)-Gly(475) and Ile(508)-Ile(522)) of colicin E1 was investigated by a site-directed fluorescence labeling technique. A total of 44 cysteine variants were purified and covalently labeled with monobromobimane fluorescent probe. A variety of fluorescence properties of the bimane fluorophore were measured for both the soluble and membrane-bound states of the channel peptide, including the fluorescence emission maximum, fluorescence anisotropy, and membrane bilayer penetration depth. Using site-directed fluorescence labeling combined with our novel helical periodicity analysis method, the data revealed that helices 6, 7, and 10 are separate amphipathic ?-helices with a calculated periodicity of T = 3.34 ± 0.08 for helix 6, T = 3.56 ± 0.03 for helix 7, and T = 2.99 ± 0.12 for helix 10 in the soluble state. In the membrane-bound state, the helical periodicity was determined to be T = 3.00 ± 0.15 for helix 6, T = 3.68 ± 0.03 for helix 7, and T = 3.47 ± 0.04 for helix 10. Dual fluorescence quencher analysis showed that both helices 6 and 7 adopt a tilted topology that correlates well with the analysis based on the fluorescence anisotropy profile. These data provide further support for the umbrella model of the colicin E1 channel domain. PMID:23264635
An efficient wave based approach for the time-harmonic vibration analysis of 3D plate assemblies
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vergote, Karel; Vanmaele, Caroline; Vandepitte, Dirk; Desmet, Wim
2013-04-01
For the analysis of the vibrational behaviour of mechanical structures the Finite Element Method (FEM) and the Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) are most commonly used. The use of the FEM is limited to low frequency applications, since finer meshes are required at higher frequencies to preserve the same accuracy, hence increasing the computational load. The use of SEA is mostly limited to high frequency applications, due to its underlying assumptions. This paper discusses the principles of the Wave Based Method (WBM) for the steady-state dynamic analysis of thin, flat plates coupled at an arbitrary angle, including both out-of-plane and in-plane plate behaviour. Two numerical examples illustrate the beneficial convergence rate of the WBM and show the importance that in-plane displacements can have in the simulation of non-coplanar plate assemblies. As a result of its higher efficiency, the WBM is able to relax the existing frequency limit of the FEM and in this way can reduce the mid-frequency gap which exists between the low and the high frequency techniques. Furthermore, it can be used to provide more accurate input parameters for SEA-calculations in order to lower the frequency range of SEA.
Hysteresis Control for Current Harmonics Suppression Using Shunt Active Filter
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ahuja, Rajesh Kr; Chauhan, Aasha; Sharma, Sachin
2012-11-01
Recently wide spread of power electronic equipment has caused an increase of the harmonic disturbances in the power systems. The nonlinear loads draw harmonic and reactive power components of current from ac mains. Current harmonics generated by nonlinear loads such as adjustable speed drives,static powersupplies and UPS. Thus a perfect compensator is required to avoid the consequences due to harmonics. To overcome problems due to harmonics, Shunt Active Power Filter (SAPF) has been considered extensively. SAPF has better harmonic compensation than the other approaches used for solving the harmonic related problems. The performance of the SAPF depends upon different control strategies. This paper presents the performance analysis of SAPF under most important control strategy namely instantaneous real active and reactive power method (p-q) for extracting reference currents of shunt active filters under unbalanced load condition. Detailed simulations have been carried out considering this control strategy and adequate results were presented. In this paper, harmonic control strategy is applied to compensate the current harmonics in the system. A detailed study about the harmonic control method has been used using shunt active filter technique.
Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation
Bonnin, Michele
Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation Michele tool for the analysis of subharmonic orbits in weakly perturbed nonlinear oscillators, but its applied to the analysis and de- sign of nonlinear oscillators. In this manuscript we show
Meta-Analysis of Workplace Physical Activity Interventions
Conn, Vicki S.; Hafdahl, Adam R.; Cooper, Pamela S.; Brown, Lori M.; Lusk, Sally L.
2009-01-01
Context Most adults do not achieve adequate physical activity. Despite the potential benefits of worksite health promotion, no previous comprehensive meta-analysis has summarized health and physical activity behavior outcomes from these programs. This comprehensive meta-analysis integrated the extant wide range of worksite physical activity intervention research. Evidence acquisition Extensive searching located published and unpublished intervention studies reported from 1969 through 2007. Results were coded from primary studies. Random-effects meta-analytic procedures, including moderator analyses, were completed in 2008. Evidence synthesis Effects on most variables were substantially heterogeneous because diverse studies were included. Standardized mean difference (d) effect sizes were synthesized across approximately 38,231 subjects. Significantly positive effects were observed for physical activity behavior (0.21), fitness (0.57), lipids (0.13), anthropometric measures (0.08), work attendance (0.19), and job stress (0.33). The significant effect size for diabetes risk (0.98) is more tentative given small sample sizes. Significant heterogeneity documents intervention effects varied across studies. The mean effect size for fitness corresponds to a difference between treatment minus control subjects' means on V02max of 3.5 mL/kg/min; for lipids, ?0.2 on total cholesterol:HDL; and for diabetes risk, ?12.6 mg/dL on fasting glucose. Conclusions These findings document that some workplace physical activity interventions can improve both health and important worksite outcomes. Effects were variable for most outcomes, reflecting the diversity of primary studies. Future primary research should compare interventions to confirm causal relationships and further explore heterogeneity. PMID:19765506
TARA data-acquisition and physics analysis system
Sullivan, J.D.; Fredian, T.W.; Irby, J.H.; Karcher, C.A.; McVey, B.D.; Sevillano, E.; Stillerman, J.
1985-05-01
The MIT data-acquisition and physics analysis system was designed to provide high throughput and ready access to data from any run. The system is based on a VAX 11/750 which is to be configured in a VAX cluster back-end network. The front end for the data system is a kinetic system CAMAC serial highway interface. Preexisting software packages have been combined into a coherent system which has required a minimum of new software development. The acquisition, archiving, basic analysis, and display of 1.5 Mbyte of data for every shot is accomplished once every 5-8 minutes with any shot being easily reanalyzed. A set of standard tools is provided for use in user-written programs several of which are incorporated into the production system. The range of interactive analysis options is illustrated by using the medium-energy x-ray diagnostic in one anchor as an example. The resulting physics analysis includes intercomparison with other diagnostics to compute T/sub e/, the fraction of hot electrons, and other plasma parameters.
Application of higher harmonic blade feathering for helicopter vibration reduction
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Powers, R. W.
1978-01-01
Higher harmonic blade feathering for helicopter vibration reduction is considered. Recent wind tunnel tests confirmed the effectiveness of higher harmonic control in reducing articulated rotor vibratory hub loads. Several predictive analyses developed in support of the NASA program were shown to be capable of calculating single harmonic control inputs required to minimize a single 4P hub response. In addition, a multiple-input, multiple-output harmonic control predictive analysis was developed. All techniques developed thus far obtain a solution by extracting empirical transfer functions from sampled data. Algorithm data sampling and processing requirements are minimal to encourage adaptive control system application of such techniques in a flight environment.
Arjunan, V; Rani, T; Santhanam, R; Mohan, S
2012-10-01
The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of H bond inner conformer of 2,3-epoxypropanol have been recorded in the regions 3700-400 and 3700-100 cm(-1), respectively. The spectra were interpreted in terms of fundamentals modes, combination and overtone bands. The normal coordinate analysis was carried out to confirm the precision of the assignments. The structure of the conformers H bond inner and H bond outer1 were optimised and the structural characteristics were determined by density functional theory (DFT) using B3LYP and MP2 methods with 6-31G** and 6-311++G** basis sets. The vibrational frequencies were calculated in all these methods and were compared with the experimental frequencies which yield good agreement between observed and calculated frequencies. The electronic properties HOMO and LUMO energies were measured by time-dependent TD-DFT approach. PMID:22652541
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Arjunan, V.; Rani, T.; Santhanam, R.; Mohan, S.
2012-10-01
The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of H bond inner conformer of 2,3-epoxypropanol have been recorded in the regions 3700-400 and 3700-100 cm-1, respectively. The spectra were interpreted in terms of fundamentals modes, combination and overtone bands. The normal coordinate analysis was carried out to confirm the precision of the assignments. The structure of the conformers H bond inner and H bond outer1 were optimised and the structural characteristics were determined by density functional theory (DFT) using B3LYP and MP2 methods with 6-31G?? and 6-311++G?? basis sets. The vibrational frequencies were calculated in all these methods and were compared with the experimental frequencies which yield good agreement between observed and calculated frequencies. The electronic properties HOMO and LUMO energies were measured by time-dependent TD-DFT approach.
Wavelet Correlation Analysis To Study Physical Properties of Marine Sediments
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kritski, A.
We present results from applying the wavelet correlation analysis to investigate the spatial variations of physical properties of marine sediments that are important factors in geophysical exploration and underwater acoustics. Spatial and depth variations in actual physical properties in sedimentary layers give rise to many characteristics that potentially can be extracted from seismic data and used for the inversion for physical properties. However, these characteristics are normally lost in traditional data-processing methods. We have applied the wavelet correlation method in the time-domain to examine the variations of bottom characteristics and their role in coupling waterborne sound into the sea bottom. To confirm the validity of the developed technique, we have applied the wavelet technique to synthetic seismograms and actual geophysical-field data. Synthetic time series of a seismic pulse have been developed for a marine geophysical environment based on the experimental results. The developed technique applied to the synthetic and experimental data gives images of first and second share modes and Scholte waves in terms of their arrival times, as signatures in the group and phase velocities and frequencies. The phase and group velocity dispersion curves were used to invert for the physical properties of near surface sediments. The new technique offers the definite potential of extracting the details of various structures in any type of seismo-acoustic fields under diverse field-working conditions.
Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.
1982-06-10
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).
Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)
1985-01-01
A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Li; Hu, Yujin
2015-02-01
The modal truncation problem is frequently encountered in nonviscously (viscoelastically) damped systems since only the modes of interest are usually considered in the dynamic analysis of engineering problems. This study aims at accurately calculating the steady-state responses of nonviscously damped systems by only considering the modes of interest. Based on the Neumann expansion theorem and the frequency shifting technique, a property obtained from the first-order terms of the Neumann expansion of the frequency response function (FRF) matrix of nonviscously damped systems is given. However, this procedure cannot be extended to consider the further higher-order terms. It means a truncation expansion problem exists for nonviscously damped systems. By considering the first-order terms of the Neumann expansion, a generalized mode acceleration method (GMAM) is presented to handle the modal truncation problem. The GMAM can overcome the singular problem of the stiffness matrix. The modal truncation augmentation method (MTAM) is also presented to handle the modal truncation problem by making the equilibrium equations into a subspace equation spanned in terms of the columns of a projection basis given in the GMAM. Several conclusions concerning the implementation of the presented methods are formulated on the basis of the results of three examples.
Toward the automated analysis of plasma physics problems
Mynick, H.E.
1989-04-01
A program (CALC) is described, which carries out nontrivial plasma physics calculations, in a manner intended to emulate the approach of a human theorist. This includes the initial process of gathering the relevant equations from a plasma knowledge base, and then determining how to solve them. Solution of the sets of equations governing physics problems, which in general have a nonuniform,irregular structure, not amenable to solution by standardized algorithmic procedures, is facilitated by an analysis of the structure of the equations and the relations among them. This often permits decompositions of the full problem into subproblems, and other simplifications in form, which renders the resultant subsystems soluble by more standardized tools. CALC's operation is illustrated by a detailed description of its treatment of a sample plasma calculation. 5 refs., 3 figs.
Introduction to the Space Physics Analysis Network (SPAN)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Green, J. L. (editor); Peters, D. J. (editor)
1985-01-01
The Space Physics Analysis Network or SPAN is emerging as a viable method for solving an immediate communication problem for the space scientist. SPAN provides low-rate communication capability with co-investigators and colleagues, and access to space science data bases and computational facilities. The SPAN utilizes up-to-date hardware and software for computer-to-computer communications allowing binary file transfer and remote log-on capability to over 25 nationwide space science computer systems. SPAN is not discipline or mission dependent with participation from scientists in such fields as magnetospheric, ionospheric, planetary, and solar physics. Basic information on the network and its use are provided. It is anticipated that SPAN will grow rapidly over the next few years, not only from the standpoint of more network nodes, but as scientists become more proficient in the use of telescience, more capability will be needed to satisfy the demands.
Disability in physical education textbooks: an analysis of image content.
Táboas-Pais, María Inés; Rey-Cao, Ana
2012-10-01
The aim of this paper is to show how images of disability are portrayed in physical education textbooks for secondary schools in Spain. The sample was composed of 3,316 images published in 36 textbooks by 10 publishing houses. A content analysis was carried out using a coding scheme based on categories employed in other similar studies and adapted to the requirements of this study with additional categories. The variables were camera angle, gender, type of physical activity, field of practice, space, and level. Univariate and bivariate descriptive analyses were also carried out. The Pearson chi-square statistic was used to identify associations between the variables. Results showed a noticeable imbalance between people with disabilities and people without disabilities, and women with disabilities were less frequently represented than men with disabilities. People with disabilities were depicted as participating in a very limited variety of segregated, competitive, and elite sports activities. PMID:23027145
Tilbury, Karissa; Lien, Chi-Hsiang; Chen, Shean-Jen; Campagnola, Paul J.
2014-01-01
A profound remodeling of the extracellular matrix occurs in many epithelial cancers. In ovarian cancer, the minor collagen isoform of Col III becomes upregulated in invasive disease. Here we use second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging microscopy to probe structural differences in fibrillar models of the ovarian stroma comprised of mixtures of Col I and III. The SHG intensity and forward-backward ratios decrease with increasing Col III content, consistent with decreased phasematching due to more randomized structures. We further probe the net collagen ?-helix pitch angle within the gel mixtures using what is believed to be a new pixel-based polarization-resolved approach that combines and extends previous analyses. The extracted pitch angles are consistent with those of peptide models and the method has sufficient sensitivity to differentiate Col I from the Col I/Col III mixtures. We further developed the pixel-based approach to extract the SHG signal polarization anisotropy from the same polarization-resolved image matrix. Using this approach, we found that increased Col III results in decreased alignment of the dipole moments within the focal volume. Collectively, the SHG measurements and analysis all indicate that incorporation of Col III results in decreased organization across several levels of collagen organization. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the collagen isoforms comingle within the same fibrils, in good agreement with ultrastructural data. The pixel-based polarization analyses (both excitation and emission) afford determination of structural properties without the previous requirement of having well-aligned fibers, and the approaches should be generally applicable in tissue. PMID:24461010
Band, Yehuda B.
2011-01-01
trap to a double well Y. Japha1 and Y. B. Band2 1 Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University, Beer the whole range of barrier heights and asymmetry between the wells. For either weak or strong coupling between the wells, our two-mode theory yields a two-site Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian with the tunneling
Multi-Physics Analysis of the Fermilab Booster RF Cavity
Awida, M.; Reid, J.; Yakovlev, V.; Lebedev, V.; Khabiboulline, T.; Champion, M.; /Fermilab
2012-05-14
After about 40 years of operation the RF accelerating cavities in Fermilab Booster need an upgrade to improve their reliability and to increase the repetition rate in order to support a future experimental program. An increase in the repetition rate from 7 to 15 Hz entails increasing the power dissipation in the RF cavities, their ferrite loaded tuners, and HOM dampers. The increased duty factor requires careful modelling for the RF heating effects in the cavity. A multi-physic analysis investigating both the RF and thermal properties of Booster cavity under various operating conditions is presented in this paper.
Determining physical constraints in transcriptional initiationcomplexes using DNA sequence analysis
Shultzaberger, Ryan K.; Chiang, Derek Y.; Moses, Alan M.; Eisen,Michael B.
2007-07-01
Eukaryotic gene expression is often under the control ofcooperatively acting transcription factors whose binding is limited bystructural constraints. By determining these structural constraints, wecan understand the "rules" that define functional cooperativity.Conversely, by understanding the rules of binding, we can inferstructural characteristics. We have developed an information theory basedmethod for approximating the physical limitations of cooperativeinteractions by comparing sequence analysis to microarray expressiondata. When applied to the coordinated binding of the sulfur amino acidregulatory protein Met4 by Cbf1 and Met31, we were able to create acombinatorial model that can correctly identify Met4 regulatedgenes.
Management of the Space Physics Analysis Network (SPAN)
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Green, James L.; Thomas, Valerie L.; Butler, Todd F.; Peters, David J.; Sisson, Patricia L.
1990-01-01
Here, the purpose is to define the operational management structure and to delineate the responsibilities of key Space Physics Analysis Network (SPAN) individuals. The management structure must take into account the large NASA and ESA science research community by giving them a major voice in the operation of the system. Appropriate NASA and ESA interfaces must be provided so that there will be adequate communications facilities available when needed. Responsibilities are delineated for the Advisory Committee, the Steering Committee, the Project Scientist, the Project Manager, the SPAN Security Manager, the Internetwork Manager, the Network Operations Manager, the Remote Site Manager, and others.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ustinov, Eugene A.; Sunseri, Richard F.
2005-01-01
An approach is presented to the inversion of gravity fields based on evaluation of partials of observables with respect to gravity harmonics using the solution of adjoint problem of orbital dynamics of the spacecraft. Corresponding adjoint operator is derived directly from the linear operator of the linearized forward problem of orbital dynamics. The resulting adjoint problem is similar to the forward problem and can be solved by the same methods. For given highest degree N of gravity harmonics desired, this method involves integration of N adjoint solutions as compared to integration of N2 partials of the forward solution with respect to gravity harmonics in the conventional approach. Thus, for higher resolution gravity models, this approach becomes increasingly more effective in terms of computer resources as compared to the approach based on the solution of the forward problem of orbital dynamics.
Omics integrating physical techniques: aged Piedmontese meat analysis.
Lana, Alessandro; Longo, Valentina; Dalmasso, Alessandra; D'Alessandro, Angelo; Bottero, Maria Teresa; Zolla, Lello
2015-04-01
Piedmontese meat tenderness becomes higher by extending the ageing period after slaughter up to 44 days. Classical physical analysis only partially explain this evidence, so in order to discover the reason of the potential beneficial effects of prolonged ageing, we performed omic analysis in the Longissimus thoracis muscle by examining main biochemical changes through mass spectrometry-based metabolomics and proteomics. We observed a progressive decline in myofibrillar structural integrity (underpinning meat tenderness) and impaired energy metabolism. Markers of autophagic responses (e.g. serine and glutathione metabolism) and nitrogen metabolism (urea cycle intermediates) accumulated until the end of the assayed period. Key metabolites such as glutamate, a mediator of the appreciated umami taste of the meat, were found to constantly accumulate until day 44. Finally, statistical analyses revealed that glutamate, serine and arginine could serve as good predictors of ultimate meat quality parameters, even though further studies are mandatory. PMID:25442615
Simulated, Emulated, and Physical Investigative Analysis (SEPIA) of networked systems.
Burton, David P.; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.; McDonald, Michael James; Onunkwo, Uzoma A.; Tarman, Thomas David; Urias, Vincent E.
2009-09-01
This report describes recent progress made in developing and utilizing hybrid Simulated, Emulated, and Physical Investigative Analysis (SEPIA) environments. Many organizations require advanced tools to analyze their information system's security, reliability, and resilience against cyber attack. Today's security analysis utilize real systems such as computers, network routers and other network equipment, computer emulations (e.g., virtual machines) and simulation models separately to analyze interplay between threats and safeguards. In contrast, this work developed new methods to combine these three approaches to provide integrated hybrid SEPIA environments. Our SEPIA environments enable an analyst to rapidly configure hybrid environments to pass network traffic and perform, from the outside, like real networks. This provides higher fidelity representations of key network nodes while still leveraging the scalability and cost advantages of simulation tools. The result is to rapidly produce large yet relatively low-cost multi-fidelity SEPIA networks of computers and routers that let analysts quickly investigate threats and test protection approaches.
Higher order harmonic detection for exploring nonlinear interactions with nanoscale resolution
Vasudevan, R. K.; Okatan, M. Baris; Rajapaksa, I.; Kim, Y.; Marincel, D.; Trolier-McKinstry, S.; Jesse, S.; Valanoor, N.; Kalinin, S. V.
2013-01-01
Nonlinear dynamics underpin a vast array of physical phenomena ranging from interfacial motion to jamming transitions. In many cases, insight into the nonlinear behavior can be gleaned through exploration of higher order harmonics. Here, a method using band excitation scanning probe microscopy (SPM) to investigate higher order harmonics of the electromechanical response, with nanometer scale spatial resolution is presented. The technique is demonstrated by probing the first three harmonics of strain for a Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 (PZT) ferroelectric capacitor. It is shown that the second order harmonic response is correlated with the first harmonic response, whereas the third harmonic is not. Additionally, measurements of the second harmonic reveal significant deviations from Rayleigh-type models in the form of a much more complicated field dependence than is observed in the spatially averaged data. These results illustrate the versatility of nth order harmonic SPM detection methods in exploring nonlinear phenomena in nanoscale materials. PMID:24045269
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Searle, G. F. C.
2014-05-01
1. Elementary theory of harmonic motion; 2. Experimental work in harmonic motion; Experiment 1. Determination of g by a simple pendulum; Experiment 2. Harmonic motion of a body suspended by a spring; Experiment 3. Harmonic motion of a rigid body suspended by a torsion wire; Experiment 4. Study of a system with variable moment of inertia; Experiment 5. Dynamical determination of ratio of couple to twist for a torsion wire; Experiment 6. Comparison of the moments of inertia of two bodies; Experiment 7. Experiment with a pair of inertia bars; Experiment 8. Determination of the moment of inertia of a rigid pendulum; Experiment 9. Experiment on a pendulum with variable moment of inertia; Experiment 10. Determination of g by a rigid pendulum; Experiment 11. Pendulum on a yielding support; Experiment 12. Determination of the radius of curvature of a concave mirror by the oscillations of a sphere rolling in it; Experiment 13. Determination of g by the oscillations of a rod rolling on a cylinder; Experiment 14. Study of a vibrating system with two degrees of freedom; Note 1. On the vibration of a body suspended from a light spring; Note 2. Periodic time of a pendulum vibrating through a finite arc; Note 3. Periodic time for finite motion; Note 4. Periodic times of a pendulum with two degrees of freedom.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pruitt, Kathryn Ringler
2012-01-01
This dissertation proposes a model of word stress in a derivational version of Optimality Theory (OT) called Harmonic Serialism (HS; Prince and Smolensky 1993/2004, McCarthy 2000, 2006, 2010a). In this model, the metrical structure of a word is derived through a series of optimizations in which the "best" metrical foot is chosen…
Cost and performance analysis of physical security systems
Hicks, M.J. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yates, D.; Jago, W.H. [Tecolote Research, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)] [and others
1997-06-01
CPA - Cost and Performance Analysis - is a prototype integration of existing PC-based cost and performance analysis tools: ACEIT (Automated Cost Estimating Integrated Tools) and ASSESS (Analytic System and Software for Evaluating Safeguards and Security). ACE is an existing DOD PC-based tool that supports cost analysis over the full life cycle of a system; that is, the cost to procure, operate, maintain and retire the system and all of its components. ASSESS is an existing DOE PC-based tool for analysis of performance of physical protection systems. Through CPA, the cost and performance data are collected into Excel workbooks, making the data readily available to analysts and decision makers in both tabular and graphical formats and at both the system and subsystem levels. The structure of the cost spreadsheets incorporates an activity-based approach to cost estimation. Activity-based costing (ABC) is an accounting philosophy used by industry to trace direct and indirect costs to the products or services of a business unit. By tracing costs through security sensors and procedures and then mapping the contributions of the various sensors and procedures to system effectiveness, the CPA architecture can provide security managers with information critical for both operational and strategic decisions. The architecture, features and applications of the CPA prototype are presented. 5 refs., 3 figs.
Quantum Mechanical Search and Harmonic Perturbation
Jie-Hong R. Jiang; Dah-Wei Chiou; Cheng-En Wu
2007-09-14
Perturbation theory in quantum mechanics studies how quantum systems interact with their environmental perturbations. Harmonic perturbation is a rare special case of time-dependent perturbations in which exact analysis exists. Some important technology advances, such as masers, lasers, nuclear magnetic resonance, etc., originated from it. Here we add quantum computation to this list with a theoretical demonstration. Based on harmonic perturbation, a quantum mechanical algorithm is devised to search the ground state of a given Hamiltonian. The intrinsic complexity of the algorithm is continuous and parametric in both time T and energy E. More precisely, the probability of locating a search target of a Hamiltonian in N-dimensional vector space is shown to be 1/(1+ c N E^{-2} T^{-2}) for some constant c. This result is optimal. As harmonic perturbation provides a different computation mechanism, the algorithm may suggest new directions in realizing quantum computers.
Higher-order harmonics of limited diffraction Bessel beams Desheng Ding
Lu, Jian-yu
of the limited diffraction Bessel beam in nonlinear media, under the successive approximation of the KZK equation theoretically the second harmonic generation of the Bessel beam.7 Analysis indicates that the second harmonic that of the mth- order harmonic. In these equations, r/a and 2z/ka2 are the radial and axial dimensionless
Improved motors for utility applications. Volume 4. Impact of harmonics. Final report
Appiarius, J.C.; Houghtaling, D.W.; Lackey, D.F.; McCoy, R.M.; Miller, N.W.
1986-09-01
Adjustable-speed drives in generating-station auxiliary systems cause harmonic distortion in the power supply. This detailed analysis demonstrates the heating effects of harmonics on induction motors connected to auxiliary systems. For screening purposes, the report includes a simplified analytic method for estimating harmonic effects.
Xiang, D.; Colby, E.; Dunning, M.; Gilevich, S.; Hast, C.; Jobe, K.; McCormick, D.; Nelson, J.; Raubenheimer, T.O.; Soong, K.; Stupakov, G.; Szalata, Z.; Walz, D.; Weathersby, S.; Woodle, M.; ,
2012-02-15
Echo-enabled harmonic generation free electron lasers hold great promise for the generation of fully coherent radiation in x-ray wavelengths. Here we report the first evidence of high harmonics from the echo-enabled harmonic generation technique in the realistic scenario where the laser energy modulation is comparable to the beam slice energy spread. In this experiment, coherent radiation at the seventh harmonic of the second seed laser is generated when the energy modulation amplitude is about 2-3 times the slice energy spread. The experiment confirms the underlying physics of echo-enabled harmonic generation and may have a strong impact on emerging seeded x-ray free electron lasers that are capable of generating laserlike x rays which will advance many areas of science.
A New Generalized Harmonic Evolution System
Lee Lindblom; Mark A. Scheel; Lawrence E. Kidder; Robert Owen; Oliver Rinne
2007-12-04
A new representation of the Einstein evolution equations is presented that is first order, linearly degenerate, and symmetric hyperbolic. This new system uses the generalized harmonic method to specify the coordinates, and exponentially suppresses all small short-wavelength constraint violations. Physical and constraint-preserving boundary conditions are derived for this system, and numerical tests that demonstrate the effectiveness of the constraint suppression properties and the constraint-preserving boundary conditions are presented.
Normal mode analysis and applications in biological physics.
Dykeman, Eric C; Sankey, Otto F
2010-10-27
Normal mode analysis has become a popular and often used theoretical tool in the study of functional motions in enzymes, viruses, and large protein assemblies. The use of normal modes in the study of these motions is often extremely fruitful since many of the functional motions of large proteins can be described using just a few normal modes which are intimately related to the overall structure of the protein. In this review, we present a broad overview of several popular methods used in the study of normal modes in biological physics including continuum elastic theory, the elastic network model, and a new all-atom method, recently developed, which is capable of computing a subset of the low frequency vibrational modes exactly. After a review of the various methods, we present several examples of applications of normal modes in the study of functional motions, with an emphasis on viral capsids. PMID:21403307
XII Advanced Computing and Analysis Techniques in Physics Research
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Speer, Thomas; Carminati, Federico; Werlen, Monique
November 2008 will be a few months after the official start of LHC when the highest quantum energy ever produced by mankind will be observed by the most complex piece of scientific equipment ever built. LHC will open a new era in physics research and push further the frontier of Knowledge This achievement has been made possible by new technological developments in many fields, but computing is certainly the technology that has made possible this whole enterprise. Accelerator and detector design, construction management, data acquisition, detectors monitoring, data analysis, event simulation and theoretical interpretation are all computing based HEP activities but also occurring many other research fields. Computing is everywhere and forms the common link between all involved scientists and engineers. The ACAT workshop series, created back in 1990 as AIHENP (Artificial Intelligence in High Energy and Nuclear Research) has been covering the tremendous evolution of computing in its most advanced topics, trying to setup bridges between computer science, experimental and theoretical physics. Conference web-site: http://acat2008.cern.ch/ Programme and presentations: http://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=34666
Multilevel predictors of adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal analysis
2012-01-01
Background To examine how factors from a social ecologic model predict physical activity (PA) among adolescents using a longitudinal analysis. Methods Participants in this longitudinal study were adolescents (ages 10-16 at baseline) and one parent enrolled in the Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer-Identifying Determinants of Eating and Activity (TREC-IDEA) and the Etiology of Childhood Obesity (ECHO). Both studies were designed to assess a socio-ecologic model of adolescent obesity risk. PA was collected using ActiGraph activity monitors at two time points 24 months apart. Other measures included objective height and weight, adolescent and parent questionnaires on multilevel psychological, behavioral and social determinants of PA, and a home PA equipment inventory. Analysis was conducted using SAS, including descriptive characteristics, bivariate and stepped multivariate mixed models, using baseline adjustment. Models were stratified by gender. Results There were 578 adolescents with complete data. Results suggest few statistically significant longitudinal associations with physical activity measured as minutes of MVPA or total counts from accelerometers. For boys, greater self-efficacy (B = 0.75, p = 0.01) and baseline MVPA (B = 0.55, p < 0.01) remained significantly associated with MVPA at follow-up. A similar pattern was observed for total counts. For girls, baseline MVPA (B = 0.58, p = 0.01) and barriers (B = -0.32, p = 0.05) significantly predicted MVPA at follow-up in the full model. The full multilevel model explained 30% of the variance in PA among boys and 24% among girls. Conclusions PA change in adolescents is a complex issue that is not easily understood. Our findings suggest early PA habits are the most important predictor of PA levels in adolescence. Intervention may be necessary prior to middle school to maintain PA through adolescence. PMID:22309949
Loganathan, Muthukumaran; Bristow, Douglas A., E-mail: dbristow@mst.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)
2014-04-15
This paper presents a method and cantilever design for improving the mechanical measurement sensitivity in the atomic force microscopy (AFM) tapping mode. The method uses two harmonics in the drive signal to generate a bi-harmonic tapping trajectory. Mathematical analysis demonstrates that the wide-valley bi-harmonic tapping trajectory is as much as 70% more sensitive to changes in the sample topography than the standard single-harmonic trajectory typically used. Although standard AFM cantilevers can be driven in the bi-harmonic tapping trajectory, they require large forcing at the second harmonic. A design is presented for a bi-harmonic cantilever that has a second resonant mode at twice its first resonant mode, thereby capable of generating bi-harmonic trajectories with small forcing signals. Bi-harmonic cantilevers are fabricated by milling a small cantilever on the interior of a standard cantilever probe using a focused ion beam. Bi-harmonic drive signals are derived for standard cantilevers and bi-harmonic cantilevers. Experimental results demonstrate better than 30% improvement in measurement sensitivity using the bi-harmonic cantilever. Images obtained through bi-harmonic tapping exhibit improved sharpness and surface tracking, especially at high scan speeds and low force fields.
Celio, R.C.; Ribeiro, P.F. [CRS Sirrine Engineers, Inc., San Jose, CA (United States)
1995-06-01
Variable Frequency Drive Systems are being used extensively for two reasons: (1) more precise speed control and (2) energy savings for variable load applications. Often, the cost of retrofitting existing motors and controls is justified based on the energy savings at the point of end use. Although the benefits derived from ASD applications are significant and real, problems on the distribution system introduced by ASD converter harmonics is often not accounted for. The problems associated with harmonics such as communication interference, misoperation of electronic equipment, etc., are outlined in numerous publications. Energy loss, resulting from higher frequency heating effects in conductor and transformers have not been treated with equal attention except indirectly as a heating or loading problem. A first order study was performed with the following objectives: (1) To determine whether energy losses at harmonic frequencies are significant when compared to the energy savings achieved by the drive installation. (2) To develop a tool for estimating the losses for a given drive (or other non-linear load) application. (3) To explore some extreme conditions and thus establish a practical boundary which should not be exceeded. Results show that in some cases, energy loss on feeder conductor and in transformers can be significant and should therefore be considered when energy saving is used to cost justify adjustable speed drives. A simple tool was developed and a boundary has been established. It is recommended that measurements be made to validate the results shown here.
High-order harmonic generation in laser surface ablation: current trends
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ganeev, R. A.
2013-08-01
We review emerging concepts that have increased the efficiency of coherent XUV (extreme ultraviolet) generation through the use of laser frequency conversion in specially prepared plasmas and which have enabled high-order harmonic generation (HHG) spectroscopy to be used in spectral and structural analysis. We also present the current status of plasma HHG and examine what new trends have evolved in the field since it was reviewed last [Phys. Usp. 52 55 (2009)]. In particular, we consider new techniques for generating higher harmonics from various plasmas for the purpose of studying the physical properties of materials. It has been shown recently that HHG has application potential for many, sometimes unexpected, areas of laser radiation-matter interaction. It is argued that plasma HHG is—along with alternative coherent XUV generation—a powerful tool for a variety of spectroscopic and analytical applications.
Physical and Chemical Analytical Analysis: A key component of Bioforensics
Velsko, S P
2005-02-15
The anthrax letters event of 2001 has raised our awareness of the potential importance of non-biological measurements on samples of biological agents used in a terrorism incident. Such measurements include a variety of mass spectral, spectroscopic, and other instrumental techniques that are part of the current armamentarium of the modern materials analysis or analytical chemistry laboratory. They can provide morphological, trace element, isotopic, and other molecular ''fingerprints'' of the agent that may be key pieces of evidence, supplementing that obtained from genetic analysis or other biological properties. The generation and interpretation of such data represents a new domain of forensic science, closely aligned with other areas of ''microbial forensics''. This paper describes some major elements of the R&D agenda that will define this sub-field in the immediate future and provide the foundations for a coherent national capability. Data from chemical and physical analysis of BW materials can be useful to an investigation of a bio-terror event in two ways. First, it can be used to compare evidence samples collected at different locations where such incidents have occurred (e.g. between the powders in the New York and Washington letters in the Amerithrax investigation) or between the attack samples and those seized during the investigation of sites where it is suspected the material was manufactured (if such samples exist). Matching of sample properties can help establish the relatedness of disparate incidents, and mis-matches might exclude certain scenarios, or signify a more complex etiology of the events under investigation. Chemical and morphological analysis for sample matching has a long history in forensics, and is likely to be acceptable in principle in court, assuming that match criteria are well defined and derived from known limits of precision of the measurement techniques in question. Thus, apart from certain operational issues (such as how to prioritize such measurements in the face of limited sample availability, or how to render samples safe for handling in the analytical laboratory,) instrumental analysis of biological agents for purposes of sample matching alone is unlikely to present fundamental problems that require extensive research and development investments. The second way that the data generated by instrumental analysis can be useful to an investigation is through inferences that can be drawn regarding the processes used to grow and ''weaponize'' the agent. In contrast to the case of sample matching, there are significant R&D challenges associated with developing a robust capability that will reliably permit such inferential uses of instrumental data. Elaborating these challenges occupies the major portion of this paper.
Jin, Cheng; Le, Anh-Thu; Lin, C. D.
2011-05-15
We report theoretical calculations of the effect of the multiple-orbital contribution in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) of aligned CO{sub 2} with the inclusion of macroscopic propagation of harmonic fields in the medium. Our results show very good agreement with recent experiments for the dynamics of the minimum in HHG spectra as laser intensity or alignment angle changes. Calculations are carried out to check how the position of the minimum in HHG spectra depends on the degrees of molecular alignment, laser-focusing conditions, and the effects of alignment-dependent ionization rates of the different molecular orbitals. These analyses help to explain why the minima observed in different experiments may vary.
Data intensive high energy physics analysis in a distributed cloud
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Charbonneau, A.; Agarwal, A.; Anderson, M.; Armstrong, P.; Fransham, K.; Gable, I.; Harris, D.; Impey, R.; Leavett-Brown, C.; Paterson, M.; Podaima, W.; Sobie, R. J.; Vliet, M.
2012-02-01
We show that distributed Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) compute clouds can be effectively used for the analysis of high energy physics data. We have designed a distributed cloud system that works with any application using large input data sets requiring a high throughput computing environment. The system uses IaaS-enabled science and commercial clusters in Canada and the United States. We describe the process in which a user prepares an analysis virtual machine (VM) and submits batch jobs to a central scheduler. The system boots the user-specific VM on one of the IaaS clouds, runs the jobs and returns the output to the user. The user application accesses a central database for calibration data during the execution of the application. Similarly, the data is located in a central location and streamed by the running application. The system can easily run one hundred simultaneous jobs in an efficient manner and should scale to many hundreds and possibly thousands of user jobs.
Destructive physical analysis of degraded quantum cascade lasers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sin, Y.; Lingley, Z.; Brodie, M.; Presser, N.; Moss, S. C.; Kirch, J.; Chang, C. C.; Boyle, C.; Mawst, L. J.; Botez, D.; Lindberg, D.; Earles, T.
2015-03-01
Remarkable progress made in quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) has led them to find an increasing number of applications in remote sensing, chemical sensing, and free space communications, in addition to potential space applications. However, little has been reported on reliability and failure modes of QCLs although it is crucial to understand failure modes and underlying degradation mechanisms in developing QCLs that meet lifetime requirements for space missions. Focused ion beam (FIB) techniques have been employed to investigate failure modes in various types of laser diodes. Our group has also used FIB to study failure modes in single-mode and multi-mode InGaAs-AlGaAs strained QW lasers, but few groups have used this technique to investigate failure modes in QCLs. In our study, we report on destructive physical analysis (DPA) of degraded InGaAs-InAlAs QCLs using FIB and high-resolution TEM techniques. The active region of QCLs that we studied consisted of two-23 stage layers of InGaAs-InAlAs separated by a 0.5 ?m thick InP spacer layer for 8.4?m QCLs and 30-stage layers of lattice-matched InGaAs-InAlAs heterostructure for 4.7?m QCLs. The MOVPE-grown laser structures were fabricated into deep-etched ridge waveguide QCLs. L-I-V-spectral characteristics were measured at RT under pulsed operation. Our 8.4?m QCLs with as-cleaved and HR-coated facets showed a laser threshold of 1.7 A and a threshold voltage of 13 V at RT, whereas our 4.7?m QCLs without facet coating showed threshold currents of 320 - 400 mA and threshold voltages of 13 - 13.5V. Failures were generated via short-term tests of QCLs. FIB systems were used to study the damage area on the front facet and also to prepare TEM cross sections at different locations along the waveguide for defect and chemical analyses using a HR-TEM. In contrast to the COMD damaged area showing as a blister on the front facet of QW lasers, the damaged area of QCLs was significantly extended into the InP substrate due to a much less absorption of lasing photons in QCLs. Our detailed destructive physical analysis results are reported including defect, structural, and chemical analysis results from degraded QCLs.
The role of ferroelectric domain structure in second harmonic generation
The role of ferroelectric domain structure in second harmonic generation in random quadratic media and Laser Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University Society of America OCIS codes: (190.0190) Nonlinear optics; (190.4420) Nonlinear optics: Nonlinear optics
Electron cyclotron harmonic wave acceleration
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Karimabadi, H.; Menyuk, C. R.; Sprangle, P.; Vlahos, L.
1987-01-01
A nonlinear analysis of particle acceleration in a finite bandwidth, obliquely propagating electromagnetic cyclotron wave is presented. It has been suggested by Sprangle and Vlahos in 1983 that the narrow bandwidth cyclotron radiation emitted by the unstable electron distribution inside a flaring solar loop can accelerate electrons outside the loop by the interaction of a monochromatic wave propagating along the ambient magnetic field with the ambient electrons. It is shown here that electrons gyrating and streaming along a uniform, static magnetic field can be accelerated by interacting with the fundamental or second harmonic of a monochromatic, obliquely propagating cyclotron wave. It is also shown that the acceleration is virtually unchanged when a wave with finite bandwidth is considered. This acceleration mechanism can explain the observed high-energy electrons in type III bursts.
Fast Padé transform in the theory of resonances: exact solution of the harmonic inversion problem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Belki?, Dževad; Belki?, Karen
2011-06-01
We present the fast Padé transform (FPT) as a polynomial quotient for the Green or response function from signal processing, spectroscopy and resonant scattering theory. Specific illustrations are given for nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy within the problem of harmonic inversion, quantification or spectral analysis. Here, the input time signal points or auto-correlation functions are given via measurements or computations, and the task is to reconstruct the unknown components as the harmonic variables in terms of the fundamental complex frequencies and amplitudes. The FPT solves the harmonic inverse problem exactly by retrieving the true number of resonances with all their proper spectral parameters. This output list is finalized by means of Froissart doublets or pole-zero confluences for unequivocal disentangling of the physical/genuine from unphysical/spurious contents of the analysed time signal. Stability of investigated systems under external perturbations is especially challenged by the presence of noise. The FPT can assess the system's stability through determining the locations and distributions of spectral poles and zeros in the complex frequency plane. This permits identification of the regions that are void of noise, and gives the possibility for improved system performance under more stable conditions with full signal-noise separation. The FPT can provide a number of important biophysical and chemical quantities, including the density of states and abundance or concentrations of all the physical constituents from the investigated substance.
Anharmonic and harmonic intermolecular vibrational modes of the DNA base pairs
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Špirko, Vladimír; Šponer, Ji?í; Hobza, Pavel
1997-01-01
Intermolecular vibrational modes of the H-bonded adenine…thymine Watson-Crick (AT) base pair were studied for the first time using multidimensional nonharmonic treatment. Relying on a Born-Oppenheimer-like separation of the fast and slow vibrational motions, the complete multidimensional vibrational problem is reduced to a six-dimensional subproblem in which all rearrangements between the pair fragments (i.e., adenine and thymine) can be described. Following the Hougen-Bunker-Johns approach and using appropriate vibrational coordinates, a nonrigid reference is defined which covers all motions on the low-lying part of the intermolecular potential surface and which facilitates the derivation of a suitable model Hamiltonian. The potential energy surface is determined at the ab initio Hartree-Fock level with minimal basis set (HF/MINI-1) and an analytic potential energy function is obtained by fitting to the ab initio data. This function is used to calculate vibrational energy levels and effective geometries within the framework of the model Hamiltonian, disregarding the role of the kinematic and potential (in-plane)-(out-of-plane) interactions. The calculations are in reasonable agreement with the normal coordinate analysis (harmonic treatment) thus indicating physical correctness of this standard approach for an approximate description of the lowest vibrational states of the AT base pair. In addition, to get a deeper insight, harmonic vibrational frequencies of the AT pair and 28 other base pairs are evaluated at the same and higher levels of theory [ab initio Hartree-Fock level with split-valence basis set (HF/6-31G**)]. The HF/MINI-1 and HF/6-31G** intermolecular harmonic vibrational frequencies differ by less than 30%. For all the base pairs, the buckle and propeller vibrational modes [for definition and nomenclature see R. E. Dickerson et al., EMBO J. 8, 1 (1989)] are the lowest ones, all being in the narrow interval (from 4 to 30 cm-1 in the harmonic approximation). Although most of the evaluated harmonic frequencies are qualitatively correct approximations to the genuine vibrational frequencies, in some cases due to a strong nonharmonic behavior of the buckle motion, they become physically meaningless. To get physically correct results in such cases, apparently, the standard harmonic oscillator approach should be replaced by a more adequate approach, for instance, by the approach we used in the case of the adenine…thymine pair.
The Not-So-Simple Harmonic Oscillator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sears, William; Whitmore Hancock, G.
2007-05-01
The study of simple harmonic oscillators is a staple of physics courses and laboratories at the introductory level. We consider a system consisting of a vertical spring with a suspended mass. One typical laboratory experiment is the demonstration of Hooke's law using static measurements of extension vs. force. Another is the demonstration of simple harmonic motion using dynamic measurements of T^2 vs. the effective system mass. Theoretical analyses predict linear relationships for both experiments. The slopes of the best-fit lines are g/k for Hooke's law, where g is the gravitational field strength and k is the force constant, and (42?)/k for simple harmonic motion. It would appear that these results provide a straightforward way of calculating a value for g. The work done for this senior capstone project strongly suggests that it may not be feasible to determine a reliable value of g using these two experiments alone. Some ideas for alternative formulations of these experiments at the level of intermediate and advanced physics laboratories will be suggested. An additional set of experiments involving magnetic damping of the same system was performed with excellent results. To cite this abstract, use the following reference: http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2007.OSS07.P1.16
Harmonic generation from chromium plasma
Ganeev, R.A.; Suzuki, M.; Baba, M.; Kuroda, H.
2005-03-28
The generation of up to the 33rd harmonic ({lambda}=24.12 nm) of a Ti:sapphire laser pulse using prepulse-produced chromium plasma as a nonlinear medium was demonstrated. A steep decrease of intensity for low-order harmonics (up to the 15th order) was followed by a plateau. A considerable restriction of 27th harmonic generation was observed in different focusing conditions.
Physical Disability on Children's Television Programming: A Content Analysis
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bond, Bradley J.
2013-01-01
Research Findings: Media representations of physical disability can influence the attitudes of child audiences. In the current study, the depiction of physical disability was analyzed in more than 400 episodes of children's television programming to better understand how media depict physical disability to children and, in turn, how exposure may…
Number of Women in Physics Departments: A Simulation Analysis. Report
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
White, Susan; Ivie, Rachel
2013-01-01
Women's representation in physics lags behind most other STEM disciplines. Currently, women make up about 13% of faculty members in all physics degree-granting departments, and there are physics departments with no women faculty members at all. These two data points are often cited as evidence of a lack of equity for women. In this article,…
Breuer, G D; Chow, J H; Lindh, C B; Miller, N W; Numrich, F H; Price, W W; Turner, A E; Whitney, R R
1982-09-01
Improved methods are needed to characterize ac system harmonic behavior for ac filter design for HVDC systems. The purpose of this General Electric Company RP1138 research is to evaluate the present filter design practice and to investigate methods for calculating system harmonic impedances. An overview of ac filter design for HVDC systems and a survey of literature related to filter design have been performed. Two methods for calculating system harmonic impedances have been investigated. In the measurement method, an instrumentation system for measuring system voltage and current has been assembled. Different schemes of using the measurements to calculate system harmonic impedances have been studied. In the analytical method, a procedure to include various operating conditions has been proposed. Computer programs for both methods have been prepared, and the results of the measurement and analytical methods analyzed. A conclusion of the project is that the measurement and analytical methods both provided reasonable results. There are correlations between the measured and analytical results for most harmonics, although there are discrepancies between the assumptions used in the two methods. A sensitivity approach has been proposed to further correlate the results. From the results of the analysis, it is recommended that both methods should be tested further. For the measurement method, more testing should be done to cover different system operating conditions. In the analytical method, more detailed models for representing system components should be studied. In addition, alternative statistical and sensitivity approaches should be attempted.
Structural, Physical, and Compositional Analysis of Lunar Simulants and Regolith
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Greenberg, Paul; Street, Kenneth W.; Gaier, James
2008-01-01
Relative to the prior manned Apollo and unmanned robotic missions, planned Lunar initiatives are comparatively complex and longer in duration. Individual crew rotations are envisioned to span several months, and various surface systems must function in the Lunar environment for periods of years. As a consequence, an increased understanding of the surface environment is required to engineer and test the associated materials, components, and systems necessary to sustain human habitation and surface operations. The effort described here concerns the analysis of existing simulant materials, with application to Lunar return samples. The interplay between these analyses fulfills the objective of ascertaining the critical properties of regolith itself, and the parallel objective of developing suitable stimulant materials for a variety of engineering applications. Presented here are measurements of the basic physical attributes, i.e. particle size distributions and general shape factors. Also discussed are structural and chemical properties, as determined through a variety of techniques, such as optical microscopy, SEM and TEM microscopy, Mossbauer Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman microspectroscopy, inductively coupled argon plasma emission spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence mapping. A comparative description of currently available stimulant materials is discussed, with implications for more detailed analyses, as well as the requirements for continued refinement of methods for simulant production.
PHYSICS AND SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR THE NIST RESEARCH REACTOR.
Cheng, L.; Diamond, D.; Xu, J.; Carew, J.; Rorer, D.
2004-03-31
Detailed reactor physics and safety analyses have been performed for the 20 MW D{sub 2}O moderated research reactor (NBSR) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The analyses provide an update to the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) and employ state-of-the-art calculational methods. Three-dimensional Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport calculations were performed with the MCNP code to determine the safety parameters for the NBSR. The core depletion and determination of the fuel compositions were performed with MONTEBURNS. MCNP calculations were performed to determine the beginning, middle, and end-of-cycle power distributions, moderator temperature coefficient, and shim safety arm, beam tube and void reactivity worths. The calculational model included a plate-by-plate description of each fuel assembly, axial mid-plane water gap, beam tubes and the tubular geometry of the shim safety arms. The time-dependent analysis of the primary loop was determined with a RELAP5 transient analysis model that includes the pump, heat exchanger, fuel element geometry, and flow channels for both the six inner and twenty-four outer fuel elements. The statistical analysis used to assure protection from critical heat flux (CHF) was performed using a Monte Carlo simulation of the uncertainties contributing to the CHF calculation. The power distributions used to determine the local fuel conditions and margin to CHF were determined with MCNP. Evaluations were performed for the following accidents: (1) the control rod withdrawal startup accident, (2) the maximum reactivity insertion accident, (3) loss-of-flow resulting from loss of electrical power, (4) loss-of-flow resulting from a primary pump seizure, (5) loss-of-flow resulting from inadvertent throttling of a flow control valve, (6) loss-of-flow resulting from failure of both shutdown cooling pumps and (7) misloading of a fuel element. In both the startup and maximum reactivity insertion accidents, the core power transient is terminated by a reactor trip at 26 MW. The calculations show that both the peak reactor power and the excursion energy depend on the negative reactivity insertion from reactor trip. In one of the loss-of-flow accidents offsite electrical power is assumed lost to the three operating primary pumps. A slightly delayed reactor scram is initiated as a result of primary flow coast down. The RELAP5 results indicate that there is adequate margin to CHF and no damage to the fuel will occur, because of the momentum of the coolant flowing through the fuel channels and the negative scram reactivity insertion. For both the primary pump seizure and inadvertent throttling of a flow control valve, the RELAP5 analyses indicate that the reduction in power following the trip is sufficient to ensure that there is adequate margin to CHF and that the fuel cladding does not fail. The analysis of the loss-of-flow accident in the extremely unlikely case where both shutdown pumps fail, shows that the cooling provided by the D{sub 2}O is sufficient to ensure the cladding does not fail. The power distributions were examined for a set of fuel misloadings in which a fresh fuel element is moved from a peripheral low-reactivity location to a central high-reactivity location. The calculations show that there is adequate margin to CHF and the cladding does not fail. An additional analysis was performed to simulate the operation at low power (500 kW) without forced flow cooling. The result indicates that natural convection cooling is adequate for operation of the NBSR at a power level of 500 kW.
COMBINATION OF PHYSICAL-ORGANIC AND THEORETICAL METHODS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE ANALYSIS. OPPOSING
Glaser, Rainer
COMBINATION OF PHYSICAL-ORGANIC AND THEORETICAL METHODS IN ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE ANALYSIS. OPPOSING Zürich, Switzerland. Physical organic studies provide an extraordinary wealth of experimental data on electronic structure. The interpretation of the physical-organic data often is difficult and presents
Effects of Physical Exercise on Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Meta-Analysis
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sowa, Michelle; Meulenbroek, Ruud
2012-01-01
It is generally agreed that regular physical exercise promotes physical and mental health, but what are the benefits in people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? This meta-analysis evaluates 16 behavioural studies reporting on a total of 133 children and adults with various variants of the syndrome who were offered structured physical…
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 87, 022716 (2013) Dynamic analysis of a diffusing particle in a trapping potential
van Vliet, Lucas J.
2013-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 87, 022716 (2013) Dynamic analysis of a diffusing particle in a trapping of physical systems, and the dynamics of such particles is specifically relevant in soft condensed matter potential Moshe Lindner,1 Guy Nir,1 Anat Vivante,1 Ian T. Young,2 and Yuval Garini1 1 Department of Physics
Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion Driven harmonic oscillation
Gustafsson, Torgny
;Lab 6: Forced Harmonic Motion · For each measurement allow enough time for the system to reach steady, circuit, ... #12;A constant energy flow at steady state ( )F t dF Rx= - 0oin ut PP + = #12;Forced harmonic = = ( ) ( )Assume a solution: cosx t A t = + ( ) ( )1 1Here we ignore transient oscillation: cost cx t Ce
Lab 5: Damped simple harmonic motion Simple harmonic oscillation
Gustafsson, Torgny
381 Mechanics #12;Ideal case: no friction Simple harmonic oscillation Hooke's law: Newton's 2nd law: F;Friction: retarding motion (energy dissipation) Damped simple harmonic oscillation 1 2 Hooke's law: Damping force: Newton's 2nd law: F kx F Rx kx Rx mx F mx = - = - - - = = 0mx Rx kx+ + = 2 2 0x x x + + = , 2
Group sparsity based spectrum estimation of harmonic speech signals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Yimin D.; Wang, Ben
2015-05-01
Spectrum analysis of speech signals is important for their detection, recognition, and separation. Speech signals are nonstationary with time-varying frequencies which, when analyzed by Fourier analysis over a short time window, exhibit harmonic spectra, i.e., the fundamental frequencies are accompanied by multiple associated harmonic frequencies. With proper modeling, such harmonic signal components can be cast as group sparse and solved using group sparse signal reconstruction methods. In this case, all harmonic components contribute to effective signal detection and fundamental frequency estimation with improved reliability and spectrum resolution. The estimation of the fundamental frequency signature is implemented using the block sparse Bayesian learning technique, which is known to provide high-resolution spectrum estimations. Simulation results confirm the superiority of the proposed technique when compared to the conventional STFT-based methods.
Harmonic generation at high intensities
Schafer, K.J.; Krause, J.L.; Kulander, K.C.
1993-06-01
Atomic electrons subject to intense laser fields can absorb many photons, leading either to multiphoton ionization or the emission of a single, energetic photon which can be a high multiple of the laser frequency. The latter process, high-order harmonic generation, has been observed experimentally using a range of laser wavelengths and intensities over the past several years. Harmonic generation spectra have a generic form: a steep decline for the low order harmonics, followed by a plateau extending to high harmonic order, and finally an abrupt cutoff beyond which no harmonics are discernible. During the plateau the harmonic production is a very weak function of the process order. Harmonic generation is a promising source of coherent, tunable radiation in the XUV to soft X-ray range which could have a variety of scientific and possibly technological applications. Its conversion from an interesting multiphoton phenomenon to a useful laboratory radiation source requires a complete understanding of both its microscopic and macroscopic aspects. We present some recent results on the response of single atoms at intensities relevant to the short pulse experiments. The calculations employ time-dependent methods, which we briefly review in the next section. Following that we discuss the behavior of the harmonics as a function of laser intensity. Two features are notable: the slow scaling of the harmonic intensities with laser intensity, and the rapid variation in the phase of the individual harmonics with respect to harmonic order. We then give a simple empirical formula that predicts the extent of the plateau for a given ionization potential, wavelength and intensity.
Harmonic oscillators and resonance series generated by a periodic unstable classical orbit
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kazansky, A. K.; Ostrovsky, Valentin N.
1995-01-01
The presence of an unstable periodic classical orbit allows one to introduce the decay time as a purely classical magnitude: inverse of the Lyapunov index which characterizes the orbit instability. The Uncertainty Relation gives the corresponding resonance width which is proportional to the Planck constant. The more elaborate analysis is based on the parabolic equation method where the problem is effectively reduced to the multidimensional harmonic oscillator with the time-dependent frequency. The resonances form series in the complex energy plane which is equidistant in the direction perpendicular to the real axis. The applications of the general approach to various problems in atomic physics are briefly exposed.
PHYSICS AND SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR THE NIST RESEARCH REACTOR.
Carew, J.; Hanson, A.; Xu, J.; Rorer, D.; Diamond, D.
2003-08-26
Detailed reactor physics and safety analyses have been performed for the 20 MW D{sub 2}O moderated research reactor (NBSR) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The analyses provide an update to the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) and employ state-of-the-art calculational methods. Three-dimensional MCNP Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport calculations were performed to determine the safety parameters for the NBSR. The core depletion and determination of the fuel compositions were performed with MONTEBURNS. MCNP calculations were performed to determine the beginning, middle, and end-of-cycle power distributions, moderator temperature coefficient, and shim arm, beam tube and void reactivity worths. The calculational model included a plate-by-plate description of each fuel assembly, axial mid-plane water gap, beam tubes and the tubular geometry of the shim arms. The time-dependent analysis of the primary loop was determined with a RELAP5 transient analysis model including the pump, heat exchanger, fuel element geometry, and flow channels for both the six inner and twenty-four outer fuel elements. The statistical analysis used to assure protection from critical heat flux (CHF) was performed using a Monte Carlo simulation of the uncertainties contributing to the CHF calculation. The power distributions used to determine the local fuel conditions and margin to CHF were determined with MCNP. Evaluations were performed for the following accidents: (1) the control rod withdrawal startup accident, (2) the maximum reactivity insertion accident, (3) loss-of-flow resulting from loss of electrical power, (4) loss-of-flow resulting from a primary pump seizure, (5) loss-of-flow resulting from inadvertent throttling of a flow control valve, (6) loss-of-flow resulting from failure of both shutdown cooling pumps and (7) misloading of a fuel element. In both the startup and maximum reactivity insertion accidents, the core power transient is terminated by a reactor trip at 30 MW. The calculations show that both the peak reactor power and the excursion energy depend on the negative reactivity insertion from reactor trip. Two cases were considered for loss of electrical power. In the first case offsite power is lost, resulting in an immediate scram caused by loss of power to the control rod system. In the second case power is lost to only the three operating primary pumps, resulting in a slightly delayed scram when loss-of-flow is detected as the pumps coast down. In both instances, RELAP5 results indicate that there is adequate margin to CHF and no damage to the fuel will occur, because of the momentum of the coolant flowing through the fuel channels and the negative scram reactivity insertion. For both the primary pump seizure and inadvertent throttling of a flow control valve, the RELAP5 analyses indicate that the reduction in power following the trip is sufficient to ensure that there is adequate margin to CHF and the fuel cladding does not fail. The analysis of the loss-of-flow accident in the extremely unlikely case where both shutdown pumps fail shows that the cooling provided by the D{sub 2}O is sufficient to ensure the cladding does not fail. The power distributions were examined for a set of fuel misloadings in which a fresh fuel element is moved from a peripheral low-reactivity location to a central high-reactivity location. The calculations show that there is adequate margin to CHF and the cladding does not fail.
Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - An Introduction (1/3)
2010-01-20
This is the first lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This first lecture provides a brief introduction to hadron collider physics and collider detector experiments as well as offers some analysis guidelines. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.
Factor Analysis of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory Using Data from Physical Educators.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoferek, Mary J.
A factor analysis, using the varimax rotated procedure, was conducted on Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) data from a random sampling of the national physical education organizations mailing list of physical education teachers. Of 458 potential respondents, 302 returned questionnaires, of which 298 complete questionnaires were used in the analysis.…
Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - An Introduction (1/3)
None
2011-10-06
This is the first lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This first lecture provides a brief introduction to hadron collider physics and collider detector experiments as well as offers some analysis guidelines. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.
Interferometric velocity analysis using physical and nonphysical energy Simon King1
Interferometric velocity analysis using physical and nonphysical energy Simon King1 , Andrew Curtis. We have developed a novel method of velocity analysis that uses both the physical and nonphysical to constrain the root-mean-square rms velocity and layer thickness of a locally 1D medium. These estimates
Mauw, Sjouke
Security Analysis of Socio-Technical Physical Systems Gabriele Lenzinia, Sjouke Mauwa,b, Samir as agents here called Socio-Technical Physical Systems have limitations: their agent behaviour is too analysis of security properties. A use case shows the effectiveness of our approach. Keywords: Socio-Technical
A split-frequency harmonic balance method for nonlinear oscillators with multi-harmonic forcing
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dunne, J. F.; Hayward, P.
2006-08-01
A new harmonic balance method (HBM) is presented for accurately computing the periodic responses of a nonlinear sdof oscillator with multi-harmonic forcing and non-expansible nonlinearities. The presence of multi-harmonic forcing requires a large number of solution harmonics with a substantial increase in computational demand for either the conventional or the incremental HBM. In this method, the oscillator equation-error is first defined in terms of two functions (originally proposed for obtaining free-vibration periods in: R.E. Mickens, Iteration procedure for determining approximate solutions to nonlinear oscillator equations, Journal of Sound and Vibration 116 (1987) 185-187; and more recently: R.E. Mickens, A Generalised iteration procedure for calculating approximations to periodic solutions of "truly nonlinear oscillations", Journal of Sound and Vibration 287 (2005) 1045-1051). A Fourier series solution is assumed, in which the total number of harmonics is fixed by the chosen discrete-time interval—this series is split into two partial sums nominally associated with either low-frequency or high-frequency harmonics. By exploiting a convergence property of the equation-error functions, the total solution is obtained in a new iterative scheme in which the low-frequency components are computed via a conventional HBM using a small number of algebraic equations, whereas the high frequency components are obtained in a separate step by updating. By gradually increasing the number of harmonics in the low-frequency group, the equation-error can be progressively reduced. Efficient use is made of FFT-based algebraic equation generation which allows an important class of non-expansible nonlinearities to be handled. The proposed method is tested on a Duffing-type oscillator, and an oscillator with a non-expansible 7th power stiffness term, where in both cases up to 24 component multi-harmonic forcing is applied. As a comparison, a conventional HBM is also used on the Duffing model in which the algebraic equations are generated in symbolic form to totally avoid errors from entering the formulation through complicated expansion of the cubic stiffness term (as in: I. Senjanovi?, Harmonic analysis of nonlinear oscillations of cubic dynamical systems, Journal of Ship Research 38 (3) (1994) 225-238; and in: A. Raghothama, S. Narayanan, Periodic response and chaos in nonlinear systems with parametric excitation and time delay, Nonlinear dynamics 27 (2002) 341-365). The paper shows that in obtaining period-1 solutions, the computational accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method is very good.
Evaluation of harmonic impacts from compact fluorescent lights on distribution systems
Dwyer, R.; Khan, A.K.; McGranaghan, M.; Tang, L.; McCluskey, R.K.; Sung, R.; Houy, T.
1995-11-01
Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have the potential to increase the overall harmonic distortion levels on distribution systems. Measurements of the harmonic characteristics of different types of CFLs are presented and the possible impacts on a distribution system are analyzed. The analysis uses a combination of EMTP simulations and conventional harmonic analysis simulations to predict the distribution system distortion levels as a function of system characteristics, the CFL characteristics, and the CFL penetration level.
Women in Physics: an Analysis of the Gender Gap
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ghobrial, Lillie; Evans, Michael; Maslak, Gregory; Stewart, Mark; Bontorno, Anna; Barrett, Brittany; Scott, Nicole; Ilie, Carolina
2011-03-01
It is not a surprise that the number of women in physics is not impressive, and the reasons are diverse and well-known. We conducted several surveys at SUNY Oswego regarding the gender gap. We examined the source of the problem and we developed possible solutions. We propose herein various strategies for short-term and long-term improvement of female representation in Physics. This insight will hopefully benefit other physics departments in which women are underrepresented.
MODEL HARMONIZATION POTENTIAL AND BENEFITS
The IPCS Harmonization Project, which is currently ongoing under the auspices of the WHO, in the context of chemical risk assessment or exposure modeling, does not imply global standardization. Instead, harmonization is thought of as an effort to strive for consistency among appr...
SURFACE ENHANCED SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION
Chen, C. K.; de Castro, A. R.B.; Shen, Y. R.
1980-09-01
Second harmonic generation at a silver-air interface was enhanced due to surface roughness by a factor of 10{sup 4}. The local field enhancement is believed to be responsible for the effect. An unusually broad luminescence background extending far beyond the antiStokes side of the second harmonic was also observed.
Harmonization of laboratory testing - Current achievements and future strategies.
Tate, Jillian R; Johnson, Roger; Barth, Julian; Panteghini, Mauro
2014-05-15
Harmonization in laboratory testing is more far-reaching than merely analytical harmonization. It includes all aspects of the total testing process from the "pre-pre-analytical" phase through analysis to the "post-post-analytical" phase. Harmonizing the pre-analytical phase requires use of standardized operating procedures for correct test selection, sample collection and handling, while standardized test terminology, and units and traceability to ISO standard 17511 are required to ensure equivalency of measurement results. Use of harmonized reference intervals and decision limits for analytes where platforms share allowable bias requirements will reduce inaccurate clinical interpretation and unnecessary laboratory testing. In the post-analytical phase, harmonized procedures for the management of critical laboratory test results are required to improve service quality and ensure patient safety. Monitoring of the outcomes of harmonization activities is through surveillance by external quality assessment schemes that use commutable materials and auditing of the "pre-pre-analytical" and "post-post-analytical" phases. Successful implementation of harmonization in laboratory testing requires input by all stakeholders, including the clinical laboratory community, diagnostics industry, clinicians, professional societies, IT providers, consumer advocate groups and governmental bodies. PMID:24001695
Fourier Analysis of Musical Intervals
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
LoPresto, Michael C.
2008-01-01
Use of a microphone attached to a computer to capture musical sounds and software to display their waveforms and harmonic spectra has become somewhat commonplace. A recent article in "The Physics Teacher" aptly demonstrated the use of MacScope in just such a manner as a way to teach Fourier analysis. A logical continuation of this project is to…
Characterization and nultivariate analysis of physical properties of processing peaches
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Characterization of physical properties of fruits represents the first vital step to ensure optimal performance of fruit processing operations and is also a prerequisite in the development of new processing equipment. In this study, physical properties of engineering significance to processing of th...
Applying Cluster Analysis to Physics Education Research Data
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Springuel, R. Padraic
2010-01-01
One major thrust of Physics Education Research (PER) is the identification of student ideas about specific physics concepts, both correct ideas and those that differ from the expert consensus. Typically the research process of eliciting the spectrum of student ideas involves the administration of specially designed questions to students. One major…
A Kinetic Structural Analysis of Some College Physics Lectures.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sharp, William Legg, Jr.
This study was proposed to determine the occurrence, stability, and character of kinetic structure patterns within college physics lessons. Six lectures were randomly chosen from the schedules of each of six cooperating physics professors and a transcription of audio-tape recordings of each lecture was prepared. The flow of discourse was broken…
Coherent superposition of laser-driven soft-X-ray harmonics from successive
Loss, Daniel
ARTICLES Coherent superposition of laser-driven soft-X-ray harmonics from successive sources J, we report coherent superposition of laser-driven soft-X-ray (SXR) harmonics, at wavelengths of 25 nm of applications in physical as well as life sciences. The quest for powerful laboratory sources of coherent soft-X-ray
Musical Acoustics Lab, C. Bertulani, 2012 PreLab 2 -Simple Harmonic Motion: Pendulum
Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University
Musical Acoustics Lab, C. Bertulani, 2012 1 PreLab 2 motion is called a harmonic motion. The simple harmonic oscillator is of great importance in physics). Equipment Setup 1. Mount a rod so it is vertical. Attach the pendulum clamp to the rod near the top. 2
Multi-physics analysis of laser solid freeform fabrication
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alimardani, Masoud
The quality of parts fabricated using Laser Solid Freeform Fabrication (LSFF) is highly dependent on the physical phenomena and operating parameters which govern the process. For instance, the thermal stress patterns and intensity, induced throughout the process domain due to the layer-by-layer material deposition and the temperature distribution characteristics, contribute significantly to potential delamination and crack formation across the fabricated part. In this research, some of the main features as well as drawbacks of this technique are studied through a multi-physics analysis of the process. For this purpose, a coupled time-dependent 3D model is developed with which the geometry of the deposited material as well as temperature and thermal stress fields across the process domain can be predicted. In the proposed approach, coupled thermal and stress domains are numerically obtained assuming a decoupled interaction between the laser beam and powder stream. To predict the geometry of the deposited material, once the melt pool boundary is obtained, the process domain is discretized in a cross-sectional fashion based on the powder feed rate, elapsed time, and intersection of the melt pool and powder stream projected on the substrate. Layers of additive material are then added onto the non-planar domain. The main process parameters affected by a multilayer deposition due to the formation of non-planar surfaces, such as powder catchment, are incorporated into the modelling approach to enhance the accuracy of the results. To demonstrate the proposed algorithm and to study the main features of the process, a four-layer thin wall of AISI 304L steel on a substrate of the same material is numerically and experimentally fabricated. The numerical analyses along with the experimental results are then used to investigate the correlation between the temperature-thermal stress fields and crack formation across the fabricated parts. The trend of the results reveals that by preheating the substrate prior to the fabrication process, it is possible to substantially reduce the formed micro-cracks. To demonstrate the feasibility of preheating on the reduction of micro-cracks, several simulations and experiments are performed in which a crack-free result is obtained, with a 22 per cent reduction in thermal stresses when the substrate is preheated to 800 K. The numerical and experimental results are also used to study the circumstances of the microstructural formation during the fabrication process. To conclude this research, the developed modelling approach is further extended to briefly discuss the effects of the path patterns and the main operating parameters on the outcomes of the process. The effects of the material properties and their variations on the temperature distributions and thermal stress fields are studied by fabrication of a thin wall of two Stellite 6 layers and two Ti layers on a stainless steel substrate.
Inharmonicity Analysis: A Novel Physical Method for Acoustic Screening of Dysphonia
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Matteson, Sam; Lu, Fang-Ling
2008-10-01
In the United States 6.8% of men, women, and children report current voice problems and approximately 29% will report some problems during their lifetime. Often this dysphonia is due to pathologies of the vocal folds. The authors (a physicist and a speech pathologist) describe an interdisciplinary approach that shows promise of detecting physiological abnormalities of the vocal folds from an analysis of the Fourier spectrum of spoken ``tokens.'' The underlying principle maintains that the normal human vocal fold is a linear oscillator that emits overtones that are very nearly precise integral values of the fundamental. Physiological problems of the vocal folds, however, introduce mechanical non-linearities that manifest themselves as frequency deviations from the ideal harmonic (that is, integral) values. The authors quantify this inharmonicity, describing and illustrating how one can obtain and analyze such data. They outline, as well, a proposed program to assess the clinical sensitivity and significance of the analysis discussed in this work.
Extreme Harmonic Generation in Electrically Driven Spin Resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stehlik, Jiri
2015-03-01
InAs nanowire double quantum dots offer a rich platform for studying single spin physics in a material with large spin-orbit (SO) coupling. The large SO coupling allows all electrical control of the electron spin through electric dipole spin resonance (EDSR). Here an oscillating electric field of frequency f displaces the electron wave function, while a magnetic field with strength B is applied. Spin rotations occur when the resonance condition hf = g?B B is met. Here g is the electron g-factor, h is Planck's constant, and ?B is the Bohr magneton. We find that near zero interdot detuning efficient spin rotations also occur when hf = ng?B B , with n being an integer as large as 8 in our system. The harmonics feature a striking odd/even dependence. While the odd harmonics show an enhancement of the leakage current, the even harmonics show a reduction. In contrast, we do not observe any measurable harmonics at large detuning. We link the presence of harmonics with additional anti-crossings present in the level diagram. This implies that harmonics are the result of Landau-Zener transitions occurring at multiple anti-crossings. Recent theoretical work supports this conclusion. Research performed in collaboration with M. D. Schroer, M. Z. Maialle, M. H. Degani, and J. R. Petta. Research was supported by the Sloan and Packard Foundations, Army Research Office, DARPA QuEST and the NSF.
Investigation of plasma diagnostics using a dual frequency harmonic technique
Kim, Dong-Hwan [Department of Nanoscale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young-Do; Cho, Sung-Won; Kim, Yu-Sin; Chung, Chin-Wook, E-mail: joykang@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2014-09-07
Plasma diagnostic methods using harmonic currents analysis of electrostatic probes were experimentally investigated to understand the differences in their measurement of the plasma parameters. When dual frequency voltage (?{sub 1},?{sub 2}) was applied to a probe, various harmonic currents (?{sub 1},?2?{sub 1},?{sub 2},?2?{sub 2},?{sub 2}±?{sub 1},?{sub 2}±2?{sub 1}) were generated due to the non-linearity of the probe sheath. The electron temperature can be obtained from the ratio of the two harmonics of the probe currents. According to the combinations of the two harmonics, the sensitivities in the measurement of the electron temperature differed, and this results in a difference of the electron temperature. From experiments and simulation, it is shown that this difference is caused by the systematic and random noise.
Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory
W. C. Haxton
2006-08-06
I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.
A Statistical Analysis of the Nuffield Physical Science Project Assessment
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hockey, S. W.
1973-01-01
Discusses measurement techniques developed in the Nuffield A level physical science assessment and statistical results obtained in 1968 and 1971. Concludes that individual projects are contributors of positive and valuable educational experiences to the course. (CC)
Collision Detection and Analysis in a Physically Based Simulation
William J. Bouma; George Van??ek
1991-01-01
We consider the geometric support in detecting and analyzing collisions andcontact between arbitrarily shaped polyhedral objects for a physically based simulation.The contact detection is formulated as a static collision-detection problem inthree-dimensional space. We address both robustness and efficiency of the problem,and show how both can be achieved by using the brep-index data structure.1 IntroductionA computer simulation of physical systems that
The technical analysis of the stock exchange and physics: Japanese candlesticks for solar activity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dineva, C.; Atanasov, V.
2013-09-01
In this article, we use the Japanese candlesticks, a method popular in the technical analysis of the Stock/Forex markets and apply it to a variable in physics-the solar activity. This method is invented and used exclusively for economic analysis and its application to a physical problem produced unexpected results. We found that the Japanese candlesticks are convenient tool in the analysis of the variables in the physics of the Sun. Based on our observations, we differentiated a new cycle in the solar activity.
Visual Physics Analysis VISPA Oxana Actis, Michael Brodski, Martin Erdmann, Robert Fischer,
Erdmann, Martin
of them the dynamically-typed programming language Python is being used for the analysis environment [3, 4). For the text-based programming, both the C++ and the Python languages are supported. VISPA has been developed steps, creation of analysis templates, and browsing physics event data at different steps of an analysis
Techniques to extract physical modes in model-independent analysis of rings.
Wang, C.-X.; Accelerator Systems Division
2004-01-01
A basic goal of Model-Independent Analysis is to extract the physical modes underlying the beam histories collected at a large number of beam position monitors so that beam dynamics and machine properties can be deduced independent of specific machine models. Here we discuss techniques to achieve this goal, especially the Principal Component Analysis and the Independent Component Analysis.
Simulating Harmonic Oscillator and Electrical Circuits: A Didactical Proposal
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Albano, Giovannina; D'Apice, Ciro; Tomasiello, Stefania
2002-01-01
A Mathematica[TM] package is described that uses simulations and animations to illustrate key concepts in harmonic oscillation and electric circuits for students not majoring in physics or mathematics. Students are not required to know the Mathematica[TM] environment: a user-friendly interface with buttons functionalities and on-line help allows…
Harmonic instability in phase controlled rectifiers
Jim Galloway; J. H. Galloway
1999-01-01
The phenomenon of harmonic instability in phase-controlled power converters has been known for a long time. The subject was discussed by Ainsworth in the context of high voltage DC converters back in the 1950s. Harmonic instability is the abnormal operation of a power converter system due to the harmonic voltage distortion of the power source caused by the harmonic currents
Pythagorean Triples from Harmonic Sequences.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DiDomenico, Angelo S.; Tanner, Randy J.
2001-01-01
Shows how all primitive Pythagorean triples can be generated from harmonic sequences. Use inductive and deductive reasoning to explore how Pythagorean triples are connected with another area of mathematics. (KHR)
AN EFFICIENT TWO-STAGE IMPLEMENTATION OF HARMONIC MATCHING PURSUIT
Chris Duxbury; Nicolas Chetry; Mark Sandler; Mike Davies
We introduce an algorithm implementation for the de- composition of quasi-steady state audio signals using har- monic matching pursuits. Specifically, we propose an initial low-resolution pitch analysis followed by a high resolution harmonic grain extraction based on local complex interpo- lation within the spectral domain. We describe the imple- mentation of the algorithm and illustrate its applications to musical analysis
Methods for Examining Small Literatures: Explication, Physical Analysis, and Citation Patterns.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Akin, Lynn
1998-01-01
Analyzes literature on information overload research in library studies using explication, physical analysis, and citation patterns. Makes cross-discipline comparisons with consumer science and psychology/psychiatry. Contains 93 references. (PEN)
Analysis of a Proposed First Generation Physical Map of the Human Genome
Kaufman, Alan
Cohen and colleagues [1] recently described a project to characterize a human yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) library and offered a 'proposed data analysis strategy' that was said to yield a physical map covering 87% of ...
Relation of squeezed states between damped harmonic and simple harmonic oscillators
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Um, Chung-In; Yeon, Kyu-Hwang; George, Thomas F.; Pandey, Lakshmi N.
1993-01-01
The minimum uncertainty and other relations are evaluated in the framework of the coherent states of the damped harmonic oscillator. It is shown that the coherent states of the damped harmonic oscillator are the squeezed coherent states of the simple harmonic oscillator. The unitary operator is also constructed, and this connects coherent states with damped harmonic and simple harmonic oscillators.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Olson, Erik D.
An approach was developed which allows for design studies of commercial aircraft using physics-based noise analysis methods while retaining the ability to perform the rapid tradeoff and risk analysis studies needed at the conceptual design stage. A prototype integrated analysis process was created for computing the total aircraft EPNL at the Federal Aviation Regulations Part 36 certification measurement locations using physics-based methods for fan rotor-stator interaction tones and jet mixing noise. The analysis process was then used in combination with design of experiments to create response surface equations (RSEs) for the engine and aircraft performance metrics, geometric constraints and takeoff and landing noise levels. In addition, Monte Carlo analysis was used to assess the expected variability of the metrics under the influence of uncertainty, and to determine how the variability is affected by the choice of engine cycle. Finally, the RSEs were used to conduct a series of proof-of-concept conceptual-level design studies demonstrating the utility of the approach. The study found that a key advantage to using physics-based analysis during conceptual design lies in the ability to assess the benefits of new technologies as a function of the design to which they are applied. The greatest difficulty in implementing physics-based analysis proved to be the generation of design geometry at a sufficient level of detail for high-fidelity analysis.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chiou, Guo-Li; Anderson, O. Roger
2010-01-01
This study proposes a multi-dimensional approach to investigate, represent, and categorize students' in-depth understanding of complex physics concepts. Clinical interviews were conducted with 30 undergraduate physics students to probe their understanding of heat conduction. Based on the data analysis, six aspects of the participants' responses…
A Functional Analysis of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Young Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Larson, Tracy A.; Normand, Matthew P.; Morley, Allison J.; Miller, Bryon G.
2013-01-01
Inadequate physical activity increases the risks related to a number of health problems in children, most notably obesity and the corresponding range of associated health problems. The purpose of the current study was to conduct a functional analysis to investigate the effects of several consequent variables on moderate-to-vigorous physical…
Using Video Analysis or Data Loggers during Practical Work in First Year Physics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rodrigues, Susan; Pearce, Jon; Livett, Michelle
2001-01-01
Reports on a project investigating students' learning processes when video analysis and data logging practical work were used in a first-year undergraduate physics course. Suggests that students were motivated by the tasks and believed that these tasks helped them overall to understand physics concepts. Includes references. (CMK)
Instrumental physical analysis of microwaved glycerol citrate foams
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Solid polyester glyceride polymers generated by microwave cooking were further cured in a conventional oven at 100 oC for 0, 6, 24, 48, or 72 hr and their physical properties were tested. Curing polyester glycerides resulted in decreased moisture content (MC), altered color, increased hydrated polym...
COMPUTING FACILITIES FOR SMALL PHYSICS ANALYSIS GROUPS: EXAMPLES AND CONSIDERATION
Titov, Anatoly
, local group computing clusters (including colocation), and cloud computing. A growing variety): to use a big1 centralized cluster (we mean a collaboration cluster); for cloud computing; as a group computing cluster and cloud computing facilities: now and in the nearest years. Usually, a small physics
Information-Theoretic Security Analysis of Physical Uncloneable Functions
Stallinga, Sjoerd
be used as unique identifiers for smart-cards and credit cards or as a `cheap' source for key generation, it is very hard to make a clone, either a physical copy or a computer model, (2) PUFs provide inherent tamper
Descriptive Analysis of Physical Activity Conversations on Twitter
Pratt, Wanda
. We analyzed archived posts, called tweets, from Twitter.com to learn about the range, patterns blog, physical activity ACM Classification Keywords J.3 Life and Medical Sciences (Health), J.4 Social Twitter to share brief status updates (tweets`) ranging from observations about their personal
Scientific analysis on the comparison of several physics textbooks
Jing Wang; Qionghui Wang
2011-01-01
s: Science education should not focus limitedly on the knowledge itself; instead, it should involve method, attitude and a certain spirit. In the process of physics teaching, it is argued that the conscious training of scientific methods is an essential approach to improve students' intelligence, cultivate scientific quality and establish a scientific world view for a comprehensive development. From the
A quantitative analysis of physics textbooks for scientific literacy themes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wilkinson, John
1999-09-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the content of textbooks used in the Victorian Physics course between 1967 and 1997 for curriculum balance and emphasis on the following aspects of scientific literacy: (a) science as a body of knowledge, (b) science as a way of investigating, (c) science as a way of thinking, and (d) the interaction between science, technology and society. These themes were chosen because they are reflected in the aims of the current Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE) Physics course. The textbook is an important teaching aid in senior school physics in Victoria since it conveys some of the information that students receive and influences how students perceive the subject. The majority of the textbooks analysed stress science as a body of knowledge, place some emphasis on science as a way of investigating, and have little emphasis on science as a way of thinking. Texts produced for the new VCE Physics course (post 1990) were found to place more emphasis on the theme science, technology and society than texts produced prior to 1990.
Physical characteristics and general compositions analysis of Avocados in Taiwan
Kuo-Shu Tseng; Yaw-Kun Tseng
The aim of this study was to investigate the physical characteristics and general compositions of several varieties of Avocados produce in Taiwan both in fresh and ripened states. Samples of avocados collected from several production areas of Taiwan were analyzed for fruits weight, percentage of skin, edible pulp and seed, values of color difference, hardness, and general composition, including moisture,
Mapping university students' epistemic framing of computational physics using network analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bodin, Madelen
2012-06-01
Solving physics problem in university physics education using a computational approach requires knowledge and skills in several domains, for example, physics, mathematics, programming, and modeling. These competences are in turn related to students’ beliefs about the domains as well as about learning. These knowledge and beliefs components are referred to here as epistemic elements, which together represent the students’ epistemic framing of the situation. The purpose of this study was to investigate university physics students’ epistemic framing when solving and visualizing a physics problem using a particle-spring model system. Students’ epistemic framings are analyzed before and after the task using a network analysis approach on interview transcripts, producing visual representations as epistemic networks. The results show that students change their epistemic framing from a modeling task, with expectancies about learning programming, to a physics task, in which they are challenged to use physics principles and conservation laws in order to troubleshoot and understand their simulations. This implies that the task, even though it is not introducing any new physics, helps the students to develop a more coherent view of the importance of using physics principles in problem solving. The network analysis method used in this study is shown to give intelligible representations of the students’ epistemic framing and is proposed as a useful method of analysis of textual data.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nishi, Shohei; Taguchi, Dai; Manaka, Takaaki; Iwamoto, Mitsumasa
2015-06-01
By using electric-field-induced optical second-harmonic generation measurement coupled with the conventional current-voltage (I-V) measurement, we studied the carrier transport of organic double-layer diodes with a Au/pentacene/fluorine polymer (FP)/indium zinc oxide (IZO) structure. The rectifying I-V characteristics were converted into the I-E characteristics of the FP and pentacene layers. Results suggest a model in which Schottky-type electron injection from the IZO electrode to the FP layer governs the forward electrical conduction (V > 0), where the space charge electric field produced in the FP layer by accumulated holes at the pentacene/FP interface makes a significant contribution. On the other hand, Schottky-type injection by accumulated interface electrons from the pentacene layer to the FP layer governs the backward electrical conduction (V < 0). The electroluminescence generated from the pentacene layer in the region V > 0 verifies the electron transport across the FP layer, and supports the above suggested model.
Han, S.-C.; Sauber, J.; Luthcke, S.B.; Ji, C.; Pollitz., F. F.
2008-01-01
We report Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite observations of coseismic displacements and postseismic transients from the great Sumatra-Andaman Islands (thrust event; Mw ???9.2) earthquake in December 2004. Instead of using global spherical harmonic solutions of monthly gravity fields, we estimated the gravity changes directly using intersatellite range-rate data with regionally concentrated spherical Slepian basis functions every 15-day interval. We found significant step-like (coseismic) and exponential-like (postseismic) behavior in the time series of estimated coefficients (from May 2003 to April 2007) for the spherical Slepian function's. After deriving coseismic slip estimates from seismic and geodetic data that spanned different time intervals, we estimated and evaluated postseismic relaxation mechanisms with alternate asthenosphere viscosity models. The large spatial coverage and uniform accuracy of our GRACE solution enabled us to clearly delineate a postseismic transient signal in the first 2 years of postearthquake GRACE data. Our preferred interpretation of the long-wavelength components of the postseismic avity change is biviscous viscoelastic flow. We estimated a transient viscosity of 5 ??17 Pa s and a steady state viscosity of 5 ?? 1018 - 1019 Pa s. Additional years of the GRACE observations should provide improved steady state viscosity estimates. In contrast to our interpretation of coseismic gravity change, the prominent postearthquake positive gravity change around the Nicobar Islands is accounted for by seafloor uplift with less postseismic perturbation in intrinsic density in the region surrounding the earthquake. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abreu, Everton M. C.; Marcial, Mateus V.; Mendes, Albert C. R.; Oliveira, Wilson
2013-11-01
In this work we have investigated some properties of classical phase-space with symplectic structures consistent, at the classical level, with two noncommutative (NC) algebras: the Doplicher-Fredenhagen-Roberts algebraic relations and the NC approach which uses an extended Hilbert space with rotational symmetry. This extended Hilbert space includes the operators ? ij and their conjugate momentum ? ij operators. In this scenario, the equations of motion for all extended phase-space coordinates with their corresponding solutions were determined and a rotational invariant NC Newton's second law was written. As an application, we treated a NC harmonic oscillator constructed in this extended Hilbert space. We have showed precisely that its solution is still periodic if and only if the ratio between the frequencies of oscillation is a rational number. We investigated, analytically and numerically, the solutions of this NC oscillator in a two-dimensional phase-space. The result led us to conclude that noncommutativity induces a stable perturbation into the commutative standard oscillator and that the rotational symmetry is not broken. Besides, we have demonstrated through the equations of motion that a zero momentum ? ij originated a constant NC parameter, namely, ? ij = const., which changes the original variable characteristic of ? ij and reduces the phase-space of the system. This result shows that the momentum ? ij is relevant and cannot be neglected when we have that ? ij is a coordinate of the system.
6.728 Applied Quantum and Statistical Physics, Fall 2002
Bulovic, Vladimir, 1970-
Elementary quantum mechanics and statistical physics. Introduces applied quantum physics. Emphasizes experimental basis for quantum mechanics. Applies Schrodinger's equation to the free particle, tunneling, the harmonic ...
Analysis of self-directed mastery learning of honors physics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Athens, Wendy
Self-directed learning (SDL) is an important life skill in a knowledge-based society and prepares students to persist, manage their time and resources, use logic to construct their knowledge, argue their views, and collaborate. The purpose of this study was to facilitate mastery of physics concepts through self-directedness in formative testing with feedback, a choice of learning activities, and multiple forms of support. This study was conducted within two sections of honors physics at a private high school (N=24). Students' learning activity choices, time investments, and perceptions (assessed through a post survey) were tracked and analyzed. SDL readiness was linked to success in mastering physics concepts. The three research questions pursued in this study were: What SDL activities did honors physics students choose in their self-directed mastery learning environment? How many students achieved concept mastery and how did they spend their time? Did successful and unsuccessful students perceive the self-directed mastery learning environment differently? Only seven of 24 students were successful in passing the similar concept-based unit tests within four tries, and these seven students were separated into a "successful" group and the other 17 into an "unsuccessful" group. Differences between the two groups were analyzed. A profile of a self-directed secondary honors physics student emerged. A successful self-directed student invested more time learning from activities rather than simply completing them, focused on learning concepts more than rote operations, intentionally selected activities to fill in gaps of knowledge and practice concepts, actively constructed knowledge into a cognitive framework, engaged in academic discourse with instructor and peers as they made repeated attempts to master content and pass the test given constructive feedback, used a wide variety of learning resources, and managed their workload to meet deadlines. This capstone study found that parallel instruction in content and SDL skills could be important for improving learning outcomes and better equipping secondary honors physics students for college and life in general. Mastery learning principles coupled with modeling in self-direction appear mutually reinforcing and, when more explicitly approached, should yield dual benefits in concept mastery as well as self-efficacy.
Cost and performance analysis of physical protection systems -- A case study
Hicks, M.J.; Snell, M.S.; Sandoval, J.S.; Potter, C.S.
1998-08-01
Design and analysis of physical protection systems requires (1) identification of mission critical assets; (2) identification of potential threats that might undermine mission capability; (3) identification of the consequences of loss of mission-critical assets (e.g., time and cost to recover required capability and impact on operational readiness); and (4) analysis of the effectiveness of physical protection elements. CPA -- Cost and Performance Analysis -- addresses the fourth of these four issues. CPA is a methodology that joins Activity Based Cost estimation with performance-based analysis of physical protection systems. CPA offers system managers an approach that supports both tactical decision making and strategic planning. Current exploratory applications of the CPA methodology address analysis of alternative conceptual designs. Hypothetical data is used to illustrate this process.
A quantitative analysis of physics textbooks for scientific literacy themes
John Wilkinson
1999-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the content of textbooks used in the Victorian Physics course between 1967 and 1997\\u000a for curriculum balance and emphasis on the following aspects of scientific literacy: (a) science as a body of knowledge, (b)\\u000a science as a way of investigating, (c) science as a way of thinking, and (d) the interaction between
Engaging Students in a Physics Course through Use of Digital Video Capture and Analysis
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lojewska, Zenobia
2007-10-01
Use of digital video motion analysis as a teaching tool in an introductory physics course is presented. The focus of the presentation is the application of digital video technology in a Physics for Movement Science course geared towards Physical Education, Athletic Training and Exercise Science majors. The Dickinson movie set was found to be the most applicable for in-class activities, homework assignments, and projects. Some of the movie clips chosen for analysis are focused on human motion and sports. Additionally, students are starting to capture and analyze their own movie clips.
Analysis of the physical atomic forces between noble gas atoms, alkali ions and halogen ions
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wilson, J. W.; Heinbockel, J. H.; Outlaw, R. A.
1986-01-01
The physical forces between atoms and molecules are important in a number of processes of practical importance, including line broadening in radiative processes, gas and crystal properties, adhesion, and thin films. The components of the physical forces between noble gas atoms, alkali ions, and halogen ions are analyzed and a data base for the dispersion forces is developed from the literature based on evaluations with the harmonic oscillator dispersion model for higher order coefficients. The Zener model of the repulsive core is used in the context of the recent asymptotic wave functions of Handler and Smith; and an effective ionization potential within the Handler and Smith wave functions is defined to analyze the two body potential data of Waldman and Gordon, the alkali-halide molecular data, and the noble gas crystal and salt crystal data. A satisfactory global fit to this molecular and crystal data is then reproduced by the model to within several percent. Surface potentials are evaluated for noble gas atoms on noble gas and salt crystal surfaces with surface tension neglected. Within this context, the noble gas surface potentials on noble gas and salt crystals are considered to be accurate to within several percent.
High harmonic spectra contributed by HOMO-1 orbital of aligned CO2 molecules.
Li, Jiawei; Liu, Peng; Yang, Hua; Song, Liwei; Zhao, Shitong; Lu, Hui; Li, Ruxin; Xu, Zhizhan
2013-03-25
We observe the high harmonic generation (HHG) from anti-aligned CO(2) molecules when the on-axis peak of HHG from HOMO-2 orbital disappears. The harmonic emission at anti-alignment can be attributed to the contribution of HOMO-1 orbital. Simulations reproduce these observations and reveal the angular distributions of tunneling ionization from HOMO and HOMO-1 respectively at different intensity. The determination of HOMO-1 orbital contributions in harmonic spectra is important for the tomography imaging of aligned molecules and analysis of the time evolved harmonic emission. PMID:23546143
Quantum path contribution to high-order harmonic spectra
Brunetti, E.; Issac, R.; Jaroszynski, D. A.
2008-02-15
Ultrashort pulses of uv and soft x-ray radiation with durations ranging from femtoseconds to attoseconds can be produced as high-order harmonics of the fundamental frequency of a laser beam focused into gas. Applications to fields such as spectroscopy and attosecond metrology require the control and characterization of spectral and spatial properties of the emitted radiation. These are determined by both single atom and macroscopic response of the interaction medium to the laser field. Here we present evidence that microscopic effects have a larger influence than previously thought, and can induce a splitting and a frequency shift of the harmonic lines. These results not only offer a direct diagnostic for high-order harmonic generation, but also enable us to better tune the parameters of the produced radiation, while giving a deeper insight into the fundamental physics underlying this nonlinear optical process.
Second harmonic generation from tyrosine containing peptides
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nasir, M. N.; Bergmann, E.; Benichou, E.; Russier-Antoine, I.; Lascoux, N.; Jonin, Ch.; Besson, F.; Brevet, P. F.
2013-10-01
The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) response from Tyrosine-containing peptides at the air-water interface is presented. First, the quadratic hyperpolarizability of the aromatic amino acid Tyrosine obtained by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering is reported, demonstrating its potentiality as an endogenous molecular probe for SHG studies. Then, the single Tyrosine antimicrobial peptide Mycosubtilin is monitored at the air-water interface and compared to another peptide, Surfactin, lacking a Tyrosine residue. Adsorption kinetics and polarization analysis of the SHG intensity for the peptide monolayers clearly demonstrate that the SHG response from Mycosubtilin arises from Tyrosine. Besides, it confirms that indeed Tyrosine can be targeted as an endogenous molecular probe.
Analysis of initial FTR zero-power physics tests
Rothrock, R.B.
1982-05-01
It is the objective of this paper to provide selected results of the initial zero-power criticality and rod worth measurements performed on the fully-loaded core, along with calculational results and related critical experiment analyses for comparison. Additional zero-power test results related to the fuel loading process and the initial approach to critical, and the measurement of neutron and gamma fields near the core center, have been reported previously. The physics tests were performed on the fully-loaded FTR core, during February and March 1980, prior to operation at power.
POLLING WITH PHYSICAL ENVELOPES: A RIGOROUS ANALYSIS OF A HUMAN-CENTRIC PROTOCOL
Moran, Tal
POLLING WITH PHYSICAL ENVELOPES: A RIGOROUS ANALYSIS OF A HUMAN-CENTRIC PROTOCOL TAL MORAN AND MONI NAOR Abstract. We propose simple, realistic protocols for polling that allow the responder to plausibly repudiate his response, while at the same time allow accurate statistical analysis of poll results
25 May 2006 Newton Institute, Cambridge England A physical analysis of
Lindell, Steven
1 25 May 2006 Newton Institute, Cambridge England A physical analysis of mechanical computability Steven Lindell Department of Computer Science Haverford College 25 May 2006 Newton Institute, Cambridge realizable? #12;2 25 May 2006 Newton Institute, Cambridge England Conceptual Outline Â· An analysis
Analysis of the New Physics Textbook for the 9th Grade of the Greek Schools
Georgios Kountouriotis
2010-01-01
In the following paper we analyze the new textbook of Physics for the 9th grade (last year of compulsory education) of Greek schools. For this analysis, we use the framework that was developed by Koulaidis, B., Dimopoulos, K., Sklaveniti S., Xristidou B. (2002) The emphasis of this analysis is not in the content of the book, but in the transformation
Asymmetric Gaussian harmonic steering in second-harmonic generation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Olsen, M. K.
2013-11-01
Intracavity second-harmonic generation is one of the simplest of the quantum optical processes and is well within the expertise of most optical laboratories. It is well understood and characterized, both theoretically and experimentally. We show that it can be a source of continuous-variable asymmetric Gaussian harmonic steering with fields which have a coherent excitation, hence combining the important effects of harmonic entanglement and asymmetric steering in one easily controllable device, adjustable by the simple means of tuning the cavity loss rates at the fundamental and harmonic frequencies. We find that whether quantum steering is available via the standard measurements of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations can depend on which quadrature measurements are inferred from output spectral measurements of the fundamental and the harmonic. Altering the ratios of the cavity loss rates can be used to tune the regions where symmetric steering is available, with the results becoming asymmetric over all frequencies as the cavity damping at the fundamental frequency becomes significantly greater than at the harmonic. This asymmetry and its functional dependence on frequency is a potential new tool for experimental quantum information science, with possible utility for quantum key distribution. Although we show the effect here for Gaussian measurements of the quadratures, and cannot rule out a return of the steering symmetry for some class of non-Gaussian measurements, we note here that the system obeys Gaussian statistics in the operating regime investigated and Gaussian inference is at least as accurate as any other method for calculating the necessary correlations. Perhaps most importantly, this system is simpler than any other methods we are aware of which have been used or proposed to create asymmetric steering.
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32100
Brinkmann, Peter
to one- electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity the significance of the Pauli exclusion principle and the periodic table. 7. understand how quantum mechanics, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom again, etc. 6. Pauli exclusion principle and the periodic table 7
Global and Local Sensitivity Analysis Methods for a Physical System
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Morio, Jerome
2011-01-01
Sensitivity analysis is the study of how the different input variations of a mathematical model influence the variability of its output. In this paper, we review the principle of global and local sensitivity analyses of a complex black-box system. A simulated case of application is given at the end of this paper to compare both approaches.…
Physical Violence between Siblings: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoffman, Kristi L.; Kiecolt, K. Jill; Edwards, John N.
2005-01-01
This study develops and tests a theoretical model to explain sibling violence based on the feminist, conflict, and social learning theoretical perspectives and research in psychology and sociology. A multivariate analysis of data from 651 young adults generally supports hypotheses from all three theoretical perspectives. Males with brothers have…
Power system harmonics estimation and monitoring
Beides, H.M.; Heydt, G.T. )
1992-01-01
In this paper dynamic state estimation of power system harmonics is used to estimate the system bus voltage magnitudes and phase angles at different harmonic levels. These estimated variables are used to calculate harmonic factors and indices that are used to obtain the harmonic profile of the system. The term power system harmonic monitoring'' is proposed to collectively refer to the calculation of total harmonic distortion, distortion index, telephone influence factor, C-message ides, and the KVT and KIT factors. The IEEE 30 bus system, with the three six-pulse rectifier loads, is used as an illustrative example.
Evaluation of harmonic suppression devices
Tolbert, L.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hollis, H.D.; Hale, P.S. Jr. [Army Center for Public Works, Alexandria, VA (United States)
1996-09-01
An assessment has been conducted of five commercially available devices to determine their ability to provide clean sinusoidal voltage to nonlinear loads and to eliminate harmonic currents demanded by nonlinear loads. The devices tested were a passive series-shunt filter, a delta-wye isolation transformer, a ferroresonant magnetic synthesizer, an active power line conditioner, and an active injection mode filter. These devices were installed in existing Department of Energy facilities that had substantial non-linear loads which drew a significant harmonic current. These devices were then compared in the following categories: cancellation of harmonic currents, supply of nondistorted voltage, supply of regulated voltage, elimination of transients and impulses, efficiency, reliability, and cost.
Geometry Description Markup Language for Physics Simulation And Analysis Applications.
Chytracek, R.; /CERN; McCormick, J.; /SLAC; Pokorski, W.; /CERN; Santin, G.; /European Space Agency
2007-01-23
The Geometry Description Markup Language (GDML) is a specialized XML-based language designed as an application-independent persistent format for describing the geometries of detectors associated with physics measurements. It serves to implement ''geometry trees'' which correspond to the hierarchy of volumes a detector geometry can be composed of, and to allow to identify the position of individual solids, as well as to describe the materials they are made of. Being pure XML, GDML can be universally used, and in particular it can be considered as the format for interchanging geometries among different applications. In this paper we will present the current status of the development of GDML. After having discussed the contents of the latest GDML schema, which is the basic definition of the format, we will concentrate on the GDML processors. We will present the latest implementation of the GDML ''writers'' as well as ''readers'' for either Geant4 [2], [3] or ROOT [4], [10].
Physical characterization of asteroid surfaces from photometric analysis
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Helfenstein, P.; Veverka, J.
1989-01-01
The feasibility of using photometric models like Hapke's (1981, 1984, 1986) equation for deriving physical properties of asteroids from photometric observations is discussed. Using data for Ceres and Vesta, it is shown that the incomplete phase-angle coverage limits the reliable determination of Hapke's photometric parameters from asteroid disk-integrated phase curves (the second limitation is the nonsphericity of many asteroids). However, within this limitations, certain trends among asteroids can be compared. It is shown that there is a general similarity among the Hapke's parameters other than the h parameter, which characterizes the width of the opposition surge in terms of soil structure (porosity, particle-size distribution, and the rate of compaction with depth), derived for similar objects, e.g., average C asteroids and Ceres, and average S asteroids, 1982 Apollo, and Vesta.
Aircraft Conceptual Design and Risk Analysis Using Physics-Based Noise Prediction
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Olson, Erik D.; Mavris, Dimitri N.
2006-01-01
An approach was developed which allows for design studies of commercial aircraft using physics-based noise analysis methods while retaining the ability to perform the rapid trade-off and risk analysis studies needed at the conceptual design stage. A prototype integrated analysis process was created for computing the total aircraft EPNL at the Federal Aviation Regulations Part 36 certification measurement locations using physics-based methods for fan rotor-stator interaction tones and jet mixing noise. The methodology was then used in combination with design of experiments to create response surface equations (RSEs) for the engine and aircraft performance metrics, geometric constraints and take-off and landing noise levels. In addition, Monte Carlo analysis was used to assess the expected variability of the metrics under the influence of uncertainty, and to determine how the variability is affected by the choice of engine cycle. Finally, the RSEs were used to conduct a series of proof-of-concept conceptual-level design studies demonstrating the utility of the approach. The study found that a key advantage to using physics-based analysis during conceptual design lies in the ability to assess the benefits of new technologies as a function of the design to which they are applied. The greatest difficulty in implementing physics-based analysis proved to be the generation of design geometry at a sufficient level of detail for high-fidelity analysis.
On the measurement of a weak classical force coupled to a harmonic oscillator: experimental progress
Bocko, M.F. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Onofrio, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica `Galileo Galilei`, Universita di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica `Galileo Galilei`, Universita di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy)
1996-07-01
Several high-precision physics experiments are approaching a level of sensitivity at which the intrinsic quantum nature of the experimental apparatus is the dominant source of fluctuations limiting the sensitivity of the measurements. This quantum limit is embodied by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, which prohibits arbitrarily precise simultaneous measurements of two conjugate observables of a system but allows one-time measurements of a single observable with any precision. The dynamical evolution of a system immediately following a measurement limits the class of observables that may be measured repeatedly with arbitrary precision, with the influence of the measurement apparatus on the system being confined strictly to the conjugate observables. Observables having this feature, and the corresponding measurements performed on them, have been named quantum nondemolition or back-action evasion observables. In a previous review (Caves {ital et} {ital al}., 1980, Rev. Mod. Phys. {bold 52}, 341) a quantum-mechanical analysis of quantum nondemolition measurements of a harmonic oscillator was presented. The present review summarizes the experimental progress on quantum nondemolition measurements and the classical models developed to describe and guide the development of practical implementations of quantum nondemolition measurements. The relationship between the classical and quantum theoretical models is also reviewed. The concept of quantum nondemolition and back-action evasion measurements originated in the context of measurements on a macroscopic mechanical harmonic oscillator, though these techniques may be useful in other experimental contexts as well, as is discussed in the last part of this review. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
Cost and performance analysis of conceptual designs of physical protection systems
Hicks, M.J.; Snell, M.S.; Sandoval, J.S.; Potter, C.S.
1998-06-01
CPA -- Cost and Performance Analysis -- is a methodology that joins Activity Based Cost (ABC) estimation with performance based analysis of physical protection systems. CPA offers system managers an approach that supports both tactical decision making and strategic planning. Current exploratory applications of the CPA methodology are addressing analysis of alternative conceptual designs. To support these activities, the original architecture for CPA, is being expanded to incorporate results from a suite of performance and consequence analysis tools such as JTS (Joint Tactical Simulation), ERAD (Explosive Release Atmospheric Dispersion) and blast effect models. The process flow for applying CPA to the development and analysis conceptual designs is illustrated graphically.
Toward a Cost/Benefit Analysis of Physical Fitness
Shephard, Roy J.
1986-01-01
This article, which is based, in part, on a paper presented to the Canadian Association of Sport Sciences, Quebec City, in November 1985, evaluates the principles of cost/benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis in the specific context of fitness programming. Because of difficulties in valuing all aspects of fitness and health—particularly survival after retirement—cost-effectiveness analysis is generally preferred. Allowance must be made for inflation, the discount rate (except in a “steady state” analysis), marginal costs of program expansion, opportunity costs incurred by participants, the changing fabric of society, the economic multiplication of investment in fitness, and anticipated participation rates. Benefits may be observed by the individual (improved health), the corporation (reduced turnover and absenteeism, increased productivity, fewer injuries), and the state (reduced direct and indirect costs of illness, improved lifestyle, reduced demand for geriatric services). Program costs vary widely with the activity that is undertaken, but even daily walking involves the participant in some expense. Employee programs often cost $500-$750 per participant/year, while, depending on the sport and local speculation by land “developers”, community programs may cost $175-$1,000 per participant/year. Cost/effectiveness analyses allow governments to reach informed decisions, but they cannot always answer associated ethical problems such as determining the value of human life, and the rights of the individual as opposed to those of society. PMID:21267294
Mahadevan, Vijay Subramaniam
2011-10-21
scales involved in the multi-physics simulation. A multi-physics framework, KARMA (K(c)ode for Analysis of Reactor and other Multi-physics Applications), is presented. KARMA uses tight coupling strategies for various physical models based on a Matrix-free...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Teodorescu, Liliana; Britton, David; Glover, Nigel; Heinrich, Gudrun; Lauret, Jérôme; Naumann, Axel; Speer, Thomas; Teixeira-Dias, Pedro
2012-06-01
ACAT2011 This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to scientific contributions presented at the 14th International Workshop on Advanced Computing and Analysis Techniques in Physics Research (ACAT 2011) which took place on 5-7 September 2011 at Brunel University, UK. The workshop series, which began in 1990 in Lyon, France, brings together computer science researchers and practitioners, and researchers from particle physics and related fields in order to explore and confront the boundaries of computing and of automatic data analysis and theoretical calculation techniques. It is a forum for the exchange of ideas among the fields, exploring and promoting cutting-edge computing, data analysis and theoretical calculation techniques in fundamental physics research. This year's edition of the workshop brought together over 100 participants from all over the world. 14 invited speakers presented key topics on computing ecosystems, cloud computing, multivariate data analysis, symbolic and automatic theoretical calculations as well as computing and data analysis challenges in astrophysics, bioinformatics and musicology. Over 80 other talks and posters presented state-of-the art developments in the areas of the workshop's three tracks: Computing Technologies, Data Analysis Algorithms and Tools, and Computational Techniques in Theoretical Physics. Panel and round table discussions on data management and multivariate data analysis uncovered new ideas and collaboration opportunities in the respective areas. This edition of ACAT was generously sponsored by the Science and Technology Facility Council (STFC), the Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology (IPPP) at Durham University, Brookhaven National Laboratory in the USA and Dell. We would like to thank all the participants of the workshop for the high level of their scientific contributions and for the enthusiastic participation in all its activities which were, ultimately, the key factors in the success of the workshop. Further information on ACAT 2011 can be found at http://acat2011.cern.ch Dr Liliana Teodorescu Brunel University ACATgroup The PDF also contains details of the workshop's committees and sponsors.
Inhomogeneous multiscale dynamics in harmonic lattices
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cubero, David; Yaliraki, Sophia N.
2005-01-01
We use projection operators to address the coarse-grained multiscale problem in harmonic systems. Stochastic equations of motion for the coarse-grained variables, with an inhomogeneous level of coarse graining in both time and space, are presented. In contrast to previous approaches that typically start with thermodynamic averages, the key element of our approach is the use of a projection matrix chosen both for its physical appeal in analogy to mechanical stability theory and for its algebraic properties. We show that thermodynamic equilibrium can be recovered and obtain the fluctuation dissipation theorem a posteriori. All system-specific information can be computed from a series of feasible molecular dynamics simulations. We recover previous results in the literature and show how this approach can be used to extend the quasicontinuum approach and comment on implications for dissipative particle dynamics type of methods. Contrary to what is assumed in the latter models, the stochastic process of all coarse-grained variables is not necessarily Markovian, even though the variables are slow. Our approach is applicable to any system in which the coarse-grained regions are linear. As an example, we apply it to the dynamics of a single mesoscopic particle in the infinite one-dimensional harmonic chain.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kalanov, Temur Z.
2014-03-01
A critical analysis of the foundations of standard vector calculus is proposed. The methodological basis of the analysis is the unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics. It is proved that the vector calculus is incorrect theory because: (a) it is not based on a correct methodological basis - the unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics; (b) it does not contain the correct definitions of ``movement,'' ``direction'' and ``vector'' (c) it does not take into consideration the dimensions of physical quantities (i.e., number names, denominate numbers, concrete numbers), characterizing the concept of ''physical vector,'' and, therefore, it has no natural-scientific meaning; (d) operations on ``physical vectors'' and the vector calculus propositions relating to the ''physical vectors'' are contrary to formal logic.
An analysis of the DuPage County Regional Office of Education physics exam
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Muehsler, Hans
In 2009, the DuPage County Regional Office of Education (ROE) tasked volunteer physics teachers with creating a basic skills physics exam reflecting what the participants valued and shared in common across curricula. Mechanics, electricity & magnetism (E&M), and wave phenomena emerged as the primary constructs. The resulting exam was intended for first-exposure physics students. The most recently completed version was psychometrically assessed for unidimensionality within the constructs using a robust WLS structural equation model and for reliability. An item analysis using a 3-PL IRT model was performed on the mechanics items and a 2-PL IRT model was performed on the E&M and waves items; a distractor analysis was also performed on all items. Lastly, differential item functioning (DIF) and differential test functioning (DTF) analyses, using the Mantel-Haenszel procedure, were performed using gender, ethnicity, year in school, ELL, physics level, and math level as groupings.
Physical Sciences Division Interactive Plotting and Analysis Pages
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This website provides access to atmospheric and climatological data from a variety of National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration sources. It also contains numerous tools for retrieving and displaying the data. You can either download raw data or use the tools to construct finished data products. The user is asked to enter such information as type of analysis, time-scale, dataset, variability, and time range of data. Web pages that meet the entered criteria are then generated, and include monthly/seasonal composites, linear monthly/seasonal correlations, daily composites, United States climate division maps, time-section plots, wavelets, chi corrected heating atlas, daily data plots, and others.
Experimental Development and Physical Analysis of Jet and Vortex Actuators
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kandil, Osama A.; Yang, Zhi; Lachowicz, Jason T.
2000-01-01
The Vortex generator consists of a cavity with a lightweight actuator plate. The actuator plate acts like a piston pumping air out of the cavity on the down-stroke and sucking air into the cavity on the upstroke. The actuator is placed asymmetrically over the cavity opening, forming narrow and wide slots when viewed from the top. The actuator depending on amplitude, frequency, and slot spacing produces several flow fields (free jet, wall jet, vortex flow). Computational simulation of the actuator-generated flows have been developed and applied to several actuator flow modes. The objectives of this paper are to study the physics of the actuator-induced flow and to develop computational simulations of the actuatorgenerated flows. This work should provide an impetus for designing similar active flow control systems suitable for aircraft applications. The computational simulation uses a time-accurate full Navier-Stokes (NS) solver known as FTNS3D (a full NS version of CFL3D solver). A Multi-block moving grid has been developed and used for the computational study of the flow fields produced by the vortex generator. For three-dimensional computations, ten multi-block grids are used and for two-dimensional computations, six multiblock grids are used. The grid blocks adjacent to the actuator plate move with the plate motion, and second-order interpolation is used along the block interfaces. Periodic response of the flow has been observed to develop after three cycles of the plate sinusoidal motion.
Physically Based Seismic Hazard Analysis of Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gogoladze, T.; Hutchings, L.; Javakhishvili, Z.; Foxall, W.; Elashvili, M.; Hunt, D.
2005-12-01
We apply a physically based approach to synthesize possible ground motion from future earthquakes within and near Tbilisi, capital of the Republic of Georgia. We utilize earthquake locations, focal mechanisms and moment tensor inversion to better identify the possible fault locations. We develop a suite a ground motions that can be expected from each fault over several cycles of historic seismicity and use the time histories to develop a site specific PSHA for Tbilisi. The Caucasus is one of the most active segments of the Alpine-Himalayan collision belt. Based on Geological and Geophysical investigations several active faults surround Tbilisi, two of them intersect the north and south parts of the city. Historical earthquakes occurred in 1682, 1803, 1804, 1819. Based upon macroseismic effects of these moderate events (intensity 5-6) the epicentres are assumed to be within the centre of the city. On 14 December 2000 and 25 April 2002 Tbilisi was hit by magnitude Ms= 3.5 and 4.5 earthquakes, respectively. Tbilisi city has a population of about 1.3 M (about one fourth of population of whole country), and engineering structures are generally poorly designed. Over 60 people died and 100 buildings collapsed as a result of the 2002 earthquake. Our main concern is what will be the effects of future possibly larger earthquakes and what design standards will be used for new construction.
Analysis of dynamometry scheme for semi-physical simulation platform of space docking mechanism
Zhao Yang; Tian Hao; Wang Qiu-sheng
2007-01-01
The semi-physical simulation platform of space docking mechanism is one of the main ground testing equipments for study of docking mechanism, and is used to simulate docking procedure. In order to demonstrate test-bed schemes, analysis for the semi-physical simulation platform must be carried out. First, impacting model of docking mechanism and mathematic model of two spacecrafts motion are set up
Solving the Laplace Equation by Meshless Collocation Using Harmonic Kernels
Schaback, Robert
Solving the Laplace Equation by Meshless Collocation Using Harmonic Kernels Robert Schaback February 13, 2008 Abstract We present a meshless technique which can be seen as an alter- native, and there is a fairly general and complete error analysis using standard techniques from meshless methods
Quaternion Analyticity of Time-Harmonic Dyon Field Equations
Jivan Singh; P. S. Bisht; O. P. S. Negi
2007-03-11
Quaternion analysis of time dependent Maxwell's equations in presence of electric and magnetic charges has been developed in unique, simple and consistent manner. It has been shown that this theory is extended consistently to time-harmonic Maxwell's equation for dyons.
Harmonic control in cylindrical DRA for active antennas
Leonardo Lucci; Giuliano Manara; Paolo Nepa; Giuseppe Pelosi; Lorenzo Rossi; Stefano Selleri
2007-01-01
In this work, the study will be focused on dielectric resonator antennas (DRA). A parametric analysis of the reflection coefficient for a cylindrical slot fed DRA has been presented, with the aim of finding the optimal shape factor to reject the second-order harmonic.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Jianxiong
2014-06-01
This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to scientific contributions presented at the 15th International Workshop on Advanced Computing and Analysis Techniques in Physics Research (ACAT 2013) which took place on 16-21 May 2013 at the Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. The workshop series brings together computer science researchers and practitioners, and researchers from particle physics and related fields to explore and confront the boundaries of computing and of automatic data analysis and theoretical calculation techniques. This year's edition of the workshop brought together over 120 participants from all over the world. 18 invited speakers presented key topics on the universe in computer, Computing in Earth Sciences, multivariate data analysis, automated computation in Quantum Field Theory as well as computing and data analysis challenges in many fields. Over 70 other talks and posters presented state-of-the-art developments in the areas of the workshop's three tracks: Computing Technologies, Data Analysis Algorithms and Tools, and Computational Techniques in Theoretical Physics. The round table discussions on open-source, knowledge sharing and scientific collaboration stimulate us to think over the issue in the respective areas. ACAT 2013 was generously sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NFSC), Brookhaven National Laboratory in the USA (BNL), Peking University (PKU), Theoretical Physics Cernter for Science facilities of CAS (TPCSF-CAS) and Sugon. We would like to thank all the participants for their scientific contributions and for the en- thusiastic participation in all its activities of the workshop. Further information on ACAT 2013 can be found at http://acat2013.ihep.ac.cn. Professor Jianxiong Wang Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Science Details of committees and sponsors are available in the PDF
Harmonic algebraic curves and noncrossing partitions
Martin, Jeremy L.; Savitt, David; Singer, Ted
2007-02-01
Motivated by Gauss’s first proof of the fundamental Theorem of Algebra, we study the topology of harmonic algebraic curves. By the maximum principle, a harmonic curve has no bounded components; its topology is determined by the combinatorial data...
Accurate, explicit formulae for higher harmonic force spectroscopy by frequency modulation-AFM.
Kuchuk, Kfir; Sivan, Uri
2015-01-01
The nonlinear interaction between an AFM tip and a sample gives rise to oscillations of the cantilever at integral multiples (harmonics) of the fundamental resonance frequency. The higher order harmonics have long been recognized to hold invaluable information on short range interactions but their utilization has thus far been relatively limited due to theoretical and experimental complexities. In particular, existing approximations of the interaction force in terms of higher harmonic amplitudes generally require simultaneous measurements of multiple harmonics to achieve satisfactory accuracy. In the present letter we address the mathematical challenge and derive accurate, explicit formulae for both conservative and dissipative forces in terms of an arbitrary single harmonic. Additionally, we show that in frequency modulation-AFM (FM-AFM) each harmonic carries complete information on the force, obviating the need for multi-harmonic analysis. Finally, we show that higher harmonics may indeed be used to reconstruct short range forces more accurately than the fundamental harmonic when the oscillation amplitude is small compared with the interaction range. PMID:25671159
Accurate, explicit formulae for higher harmonic force spectroscopy by frequency modulation-AFM
Kuchuk, Kfir
2015-01-01
Summary The nonlinear interaction between an AFM tip and a sample gives rise to oscillations of the cantilever at integral multiples (harmonics) of the fundamental resonance frequency. The higher order harmonics have long been recognized to hold invaluable information on short range interactions but their utilization has thus far been relatively limited due to theoretical and experimental complexities. In particular, existing approximations of the interaction force in terms of higher harmonic amplitudes generally require simultaneous measurements of multiple harmonics to achieve satisfactory accuracy. In the present letter we address the mathematical challenge and derive accurate, explicit formulae for both conservative and dissipative forces in terms of an arbitrary single harmonic. Additionally, we show that in frequency modulation-AFM (FM-AFM) each harmonic carries complete information on the force, obviating the need for multi-harmonic analysis. Finally, we show that higher harmonics may indeed be used to reconstruct short range forces more accurately than the fundamental harmonic when the oscillation amplitude is small compared with the interaction range. PMID:25671159
Second and Third Harmonic Measurements at the Linac Coherent Light Source
Ratner, D.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Brachmann, A.; Decker, F.J.; Ding, Y.; Dowell, D.; Emma, P.; Fisher, A.; Frisch, J.; Gilevich, S.; Huang, Z.; Hering, P.; Iverson, R.; Krzywinski, J.; Loos, H.; Messerschmidt, M.; Nuhn, H.D.; Smith, T.; Turner, J.; Welch, J.; White, W.; Wu, J.; /SLAC
2011-01-03
The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) started user commissioning in October of 2009, producing Free Electron Laser (FEL) radiation between 800 eV and 8 keV [1]. The fundamental wavelength of the FEL dominates radiation in the beamlines, but the beam also produces nonnegligible levels of radiation at higher harmonics. The harmonics may be desirable as a source of harder X-rays, but may also contribute backgrounds to user experiments. In this paper we present preliminary measurements of the second and third harmonic content in the FEL. We also measure the photon energy cutoff of the soft X-ray mirrors to determine the extent to which higher harmonics reach the experimental stations. We present preliminary second and third harmonic measurements for LCLS. At low energies (below 1 keV fundamental) we measure less than 0.1% second harmonic content. The second harmonic will be present in the soft X-ray beam line for fundamental photon energies below approximately 1.1 keV. At low and high energies, we measure third harmonic content ranging from 0.5% to 3%, which is consistent with expectations. For both second and third harmonics, experimental work is ongoing. More rigorous analysis of the data will be completed soon.
Optimization study of third harmonic generation in quantum cascade lasers.
Mojibpour, Ali; Pourfath, Mahdi; Kosina, Hans
2014-08-25
A systematic optimization study of quantum cascade lasers with integrated nonlinearity for third-harmonic generation is performed. To model current transport the Pauli master equation is solved using a Monte Carlo approach. A multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm is applied to obtain the Pareto front. Our theoretical analysis indicates an optimized structure with five orders of magnitude increase in the generated third-harmonic power with respect to the reference design. This striking performance comes with a low threshold current density of about 1.6 kA/cm2 and is attributed to double resonant phonon scattering assisted extraction and injection scheme of the laser. PMID:25321265
Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ganeev, R. A.; Singhal, H.; Naik, P. A.; Arora, V.; Chakravarty, U.; Chakera, J. A.; Khan, R. A.; Kulagin, I. A.; Redkin, P. V.; Raghuramaiah, M.; Gupta, P. D.
2006-12-01
An experimental study of high-order harmonic generation in In, InSb, InP, and InGaP plasmas using femtosecond laser radiation with variable chirp is presented. Intensity enhancement of the 13th and 21st harmonics compared to the neighboring harmonics by a factor of 200 and 10, respectively, is observed. It is shown that the harmonic spectrum from indium-containing plasma plumes can be considerably modified by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse.
Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas
Ganeev, R. A.; Kulagin, I. A.; Singhal, H.; Naik, P. A.; Arora, V.; Chakravarty, U.; Chakera, J. A.; Khan, R. A.; Raghuramaiah, M.; Gupta, P. D.; Redkin, P. V.
2006-12-15
An experimental study of high-order harmonic generation in In, InSb, InP, and InGaP plasmas using femtosecond laser radiation with variable chirp is presented. Intensity enhancement of the 13th and 21st harmonics compared to the neighboring harmonics by a factor of 200 and 10, respectively, is observed. It is shown that the harmonic spectrum from indium-containing plasma plumes can be considerably modified by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse.
Agglomeration, Integration and Tax Harmonization
Richard E. Baldwin; Paul Krugman
2000-01-01
This Paper considers tax competition and tax harmonization in the presence of agglomeration forces and falling trade costs. With agglomerative forces operating, industry is not indifferent to location in equilibrium, so perfectly mobile capital becomes a quasi-fixed factor. This suggests that the tax game is something subtler than a race to the bottom. Advanced 'core' nations may act like limit-pricing
Second harmonic generation from ZnO films and nanostructures
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Larciprete, Maria Cristina; Centini, Marco
2015-09-01
Zinc oxide ZnO is a n-type semiconductor having a wide direct band gap (3.37 eV) as well as a non-centrosymmetric crystal structure resulting from hexagonal wurtzite phase. Its wide transparency range along with its second order nonlinear optical properties make it a promising material for efficient second harmonic generation processes and nonlinear optical applications in general. In this review, we present an extensive analysis of second harmonic generation from ZnO films and nanostructures. The literature survey on ZnO films will include some significant features affecting second harmonic generation efficiency, as crystalline structure, film thickness, surface contributes, and doping. In a different section, the most prominent challenges in harmonic generation from ZnO nanostructures are discussed, including ZnO nanowires, nanorods, and nanocrystals, to name a few. Similarly, the most relevant works regarding third harmonic generation from ZnO films and nanostructures are separately addressed. Finally, the conclusion part summarizes the current standing of published values for the nonlinear optical coefficients and for ZnO films and nanostructures, respectively.
The Local Stellar Velocity Field via Vector Spherical Harmonics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Makarov, V. V.; Murphy, D. W.
2007-01-01
We analyze the local field of stellar tangential velocities for a sample of 42,339 nonbinary Hipparcos stars with accurate parallaxes, using a vector spherical harmonic formalism.We derive simple relations between the parameters of the classical linear model (Ogorodnikov-Milne) of the local systemic field and low-degree terms of the general vector harmonic decomposition. Taking advantage of these relationships, we determine the solar velocity with respect to the local stars of (V(sub X), V(sub Y), V(sub Z)) = (10.5, 18.5, 7.3) +/- 0.1 km s(exp -1) not for the asymmetric drift with respect to the local standard of rest. If only stars more distant than 100 pc are considered, the peculiar solar motion is (V(sub X), V(sub Y), V(sub Z)) = (9.9, 15.6, 6.9) +/- 0.2 km s(exp -1). The adverse effects of harmonic leakage, which occurs between the reflex solar motion represented by the three electric vector harmonics in the velocity space and higher degree harmonics in the proper-motion space, are eliminated in our analysis by direct subtraction of the reflex solar velocity in its tangential components for each star...
Computer Analysis of the Auditory Characteristics of Musical Performance. Final Report.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Heller, Jack J.; Campbell, Warren C.
The purpose of this research was to perform computer analysis and modification of complex musical tones and to develop models of perceptual and learning processes in music. Analysis of the physical attributes of sound (frequency, intensity, and harmonic content, versus time) provided necessary information about the musical parameters of…
Harmonic Balance Computations of Fan Aeroelastic Stability
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Bakhle, Milind A.; Reddy, T. S. R.
2010-01-01
A harmonic balance (HB) aeroelastic analysis, which has been recently developed, was used to determine the aeroelastic stability (flutter) characteristics of an experimental fan. To assess the numerical accuracy of this HB aeroelastic analysis, a time-domain aeroelastic analysis was also used to determine the aeroelastic stability characteristics of the same fan. Both of these three-dimensional analysis codes model the unsteady flowfield due to blade vibrations using the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations. In the HB analysis, the unsteady flow equations are converted to a HB form and solved using a pseudo-time marching method. In the time-domain analysis, the unsteady flow equations are solved using an implicit time-marching approach. Steady and unsteady computations for two vibration modes were carried out at two rotational speeds: 100 percent (design) and 70 percent (part-speed). The steady and unsteady results obtained from the two analysis methods compare well, thus verifying the recently developed HB aeroelastic analysis. Based on the results, the experimental fan was found to have no aeroelastic instability (flutter) at the conditions examined in this study.
Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses
Silberberg, Yaron
Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses Dan Oron and Yaron Silberberg of harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses are explored both theoreti- cally and experimentally. Analyzing the phase-matching conditions for harmonic generation we find a corre- spondence
High zonal harmonics of rapidly rotating planets
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hubbard, W. B.; Slattery, W. L.; Devito, C. L.
1975-01-01
A new perturbation expansion is derived for the structure of rotating bodies in hydrostatic equilibrium. The method uses an expansion of the density on Legendre polynomial functions of angle, and can be developed analytically in a manner analogous to the standard level-surface perturbation theory. The new theory proceeds from a prescribed pressure-density relation rather than from a prescribed density distribution, and is both simpler and more physically transparent than the level-surface approach. High zonal harmonics are shown to arise via a transfer function involving derivatives of the interior sound velocity, and via mixing of multipole density components in the outer shell of the planet. Sample calculations for polytropic sequences are presented, as well as standard gravity models for Jupiter and Saturn. Mathematical subleties of the theory are discussed in an appendix.
Disk-shaped BoseEinstein condensates in the presence of an harmonic trap and an optical lattice
Kapitula,Todd
, such confinement is primarily harmonic, and was first implemented by magnetic fields and later by optical fields and Statistics, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49456, USA 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics. The motivating physical example consists of BoseÂEinstein condensates confined in an harmonic e.g., magnetic trap
Forwood, Mark R; Baxter-Jones, Adam D; Beck, Thomas J; Mirwald, Robert L; Howard, Alf; Bailey, Donald A
2006-04-01
Loading of the femoral neck (FN) is dominated by bending and compressive stresses. We hypothesize that adaptation of the FN to physical activity would be manifested in the cross-sectional area (CSA) and section modulus (Z) of bone, indices of axial and bending strength, respectively. We investigated the influence of physical activity on bone strength during adolescence using 7 years of longitudinal data from 109 boys and 121 girls from the Saskatchewan Paediatric Bone and Mineral Accrual Study (PBMAS). Physical activity data (PAC-Q physical activity inventory) and anthropometric measurements were taken every 6 months and DXA bone scans were measured annually (Hologic QDR2000, array mode). We applied hip structural analysis to derive strength and geometric indices of the femoral neck using DXA scans. To control for maturation, we determined a biological maturity age defined as years from age at peak height velocity (APHV). To account for the repeated measures within individual nature of longitudinal data, multilevel random effects regression analyses were used to analyze the data. When biological maturity age and body size (height and weight) were controlled, in both boys and girls, physical activity was a significant positive independent predictor of CSA and Z of the narrow region of the femoral neck (P < 0.05). There was no independent effect of physical activity on the subperiosteal width of the femoral neck. When leg length and leg lean mass were introduced into the random effects models to control for size and muscle mass of the leg (instead of height and weight), all significant effects of physical activity disappeared. Even among adolescents engaged in normal levels of physical activity, the statistically significant relationship between physical activity and indices of bone strength demonstrate that modifiable lifestyle factors like exercise play an important role in optimizing bone strength during the growing years. Physical activity differences were explained by the interdependence between activity and lean mass considerations. Physical activity is important for optimal development of bone strength. PMID:16386968
Physical Analysis of the Jovian Synchrotron Radio Emission
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Santos-Costa, D.; Bolton, S. J.; Levin, S. M.; Thorne, R. M.
2006-12-01
We present results of our recent investigation of the Jovian synchrotron emission based on a particle transport code. The features of the two-dimensional brightness distributions, radio spectra and beaming curves are correlated to the different phenomena driven the dynamics of the electron radiation belts. The adiabatic invariant theory was used for performing this analysis work. The theoretical approach first enabled us to describe the electron radiation belts by modeling the interactions between high-energy trapped particles and plasmas, neutrals, moons, dust and magnetic field. Then radio observations were used to discuss the computed particle distributions in the inner magnetosphere of Jupiter. The simulated brightness mappings were compared with VLA observations made at two wavelengths (20 and 6 cm). The beaming curve comparisons at 13-cm wavelength were performed for different epochs in order to evaluate the dependence of the model to the geometric factor De. The computed radio spectra were discussed with measurements made in the [0.5-20] GHz radio band. The simulation results match the different remote observations very well and thus allowed us to study the phenomenology of the Jovian synchrotron radio emission. The analysis of the Jovian synchrotron emission demonstrates that during the inward particle transport, local losses associated with the Jovian moons set the extension and intensity of the synchrotron radiation along the magnetic equator. Close to the planet, trapped electrons suffer from the interactions with dust and magnetic field, resulting in the transport of particles toward the high latitudes. The quantity of particles transported away from the equator is sufficient to produce the measurable secondary radio emissions. The simulations show that the moon sweeping effect controls both the transport toward the planet and at high latitudes by reducing the abundance of particles constrained to populate the regions out of the equator. Among the phenomena taken into consideration in our model, the moons (Amalthea and Thebe) are the moderator for the intensity of the radiation emitted at high latitudes. Moon losses also affect the amplitude of the double- peaked beaming curve. The sweeping effect amplifies its intrinsic amplitude while the energy resonances occurring near Amalthea and Thebe belong to the phenomena setting it to the right level. The results from our modeling conclude that the interactions with dust do not cause significant changes on the characteristics of the radio spectrum. The effect of the interactions of the trapped particles with the magnetic field are only noticeable at high frequencies. The general features of the radio spectrum are driven by the moon sweeping effect. The absorption by Amalthea affects its shape for frequencies beyond 0.7 GHz more than Thebe does. But the resonances occurring near Thebe's orbit prominently modulate the shape of the radio spectrum. Nevertheless, the resonances taking place near Amalthea and Thebe are both responsible of the slope of the radio spectrum. The effect of the radial transport on the characteristics of the two-dimensional brightness distributions, radio spectra and beaming curves will be discussed based on our ongoing work.
High-Efficiency Harmonically Terminated Diode and Transistor Rectifiers
Roberg, M; Reveyrand, T; Ramos, I; Falkenstein, EA; Popovic, Z
2012-12-01
This paper presents a theoretical analysis of harmonically terminated high-efficiency power rectifiers and experimental validation on a class-C single Schottky-diode rectifier and a class-F-1 GaN transistor rectifier. The theory is based on a Fourier analysis of current and voltage waveforms, which arise across the rectifying element when different harmonic terminations are presented at its terminals. An analogy to harmonically terminated power amplifier (PA) theory is discussed. From the analysis, one can obtain an optimal value for the dc load given the RF circuit design. An upper limit on rectifier efficiency is derived for each case as a function of the device on-resistance. Measured results from fundamental frequency source-pull measurement of a Schottky diode rectifier with short-circuit terminations at the second and third harmonics are presented. A maximal device rectification efficiency of 72.8% at 2.45 GHz matches the theoretical prediction. A 2.14-GHz GaN HEMT rectifier is designed based on a class-F-1 PA. The gate of the transistor is terminated in an optimal impedance for self-synchronous rectification. Measurements of conversion efficiency and output dc voltage for varying gate RF impedance, dc load, and gate bias are shown with varying input RF power at the drain. The rectifier demonstrates an efficiency of 85% for a 10-W input RF power at the transistor drain with a dc voltage of 30 V across a 98-Omega resistor.
Physics of the Cosmos Program Analysis Group (PhysPAG) Report
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nousek, John A.
2015-01-01
The Physics of the Cosmos Program Analysis Group (PhysPAG) serves as a forum for soliciting and coordinating input and analysis from the scientific community in support of the PCOS program objectives. I will outline the activities of the PhysPAG over the past year, since the last meeting during the AAS meeting in National Harbor, and mention the activities of the PhysPAG related Scientific Interest Groups.
Pearson, N; Braithwaite, R E; Biddle, S J H; van Sluijs, E M F; Atkin, A J
2014-01-01
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with metabolic and mental health during childhood and adolescence. Understanding the inter-relationships between these behaviours will help to inform intervention design. This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesized evidence from observational studies describing the association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in young people (<18?years). English-language publications up to August 2013 were located through electronic and manual searches. Included studies presented statistical associations between at least one measure of sedentary behaviour and one measure of physical activity. One hundred sixty-three papers were included in the meta-analysis, from which data on 254 independent samples was extracted. In the summary meta-analytic model (k?=?230), a small, but significant, negative association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity was observed (r?=??0.108, 95% confidence interval [CI]?=??0.128, ?0.087). In moderator analyses, studies that recruited smaller samples (n?physical activity; r?=??0.233, 95% CI?=??0.330, ?0.137) or were assessed to be of higher methodological quality (r?=??0.176, 95% CI?=??0.215, ?0.138) reported stronger associations, although effect sizes remained small. The association between sedentary behaviour and physical activity in young people is negative, but small, suggesting that these behaviours do not directly displace one another. PMID:24844784
Limitations and improvements for harmonic generation measurements
Best, Steven; Croxford, Anthony; Neild, Simon
2014-02-18
A typical acoustic harmonic generation measurement comes with certain limitations. Firstly, the use of the plane wave-based analysis used to extract the nonlinear parameter, ?, ignores the effects of diffraction, attenuation and receiver averaging which are common to most experiments, and may therefore limit the accuracy of a measurement. Secondly, the method usually requires data obtained from a through-transmission type setup, which may not be practical in a field measurement scenario where access to the component is limited. Thirdly, the technique lacks a means of pinpointing areas of damage in a component, as the measured nonlinearity represents an average over the length of signal propagation. Here we describe a three-dimensional model of harmonic generation in a sound beam, which is intended to provide a more realistic representation of a typical experiment. The presence of a reflecting boundary is then incorporated into the model to assess the feasibility of performing single-sided measurements. Experimental validation is provided where possible. Finally, a focusing acoustic source is modelled to provide a theoretical indication of the afforded advantages when the nonlinearity is localized.
Limitations and improvements for harmonic generation measurements
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Best, Steven; Croxford, Anthony; Neild, Simon
2014-02-01
A typical acoustic harmonic generation measurement comes with certain limitations. Firstly, the use of the plane wave-based analysis used to extract the nonlinear parameter, ?, ignores the effects of diffraction, attenuation and receiver averaging which are common to most experiments, and may therefore limit the accuracy of a measurement. Secondly, the method usually requires data obtained from a through-transmission type setup, which may not be practical in a field measurement scenario where access to the component is limited. Thirdly, the technique lacks a means of pinpointing areas of damage in a component, as the measured nonlinearity represents an average over the length of signal propagation. Here we describe a three-dimensional model of harmonic generation in a sound beam, which is intended to provide a more realistic representation of a typical experiment. The presence of a reflecting boundary is then incorporated into the model to assess the feasibility of performing single-sided measurements. Experimental validation is provided where possible. Finally, a focusing acoustic source is modelled to provide a theoretical indication of the afforded advantages when the nonlinearity is localized.
Transcendental Harmonic Mappings and Gravitational Lensing by Isothermal Galaxies
Dmitry Khavinson; Erik Lundberg
2009-08-23
Using the Schwarz function of an ellipse, it was recently shown that galaxies with density constant on confocal ellipses can produce at most four ``bright'' images of a single source. The more physically interesting example of an isothermal galaxy has density that is constant on \\emph{homothetic} ellipses. In that case bright images can be seen to correspond to zeros of a certain transcendental harmonic mapping. We use complex dynamics to give an upper bound on the total number of such zeros.
Nonstandard q-deformed realizations of the harmonic oscillator
Ballesteros, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Burgos, Pza. Misael Banuelos, E-09001 Burgos (Spain); Civitarese, O. [Department of Physics, University of La Plata, c.c. 67 1900, La Plata (Argentina); Reboiro, M. [Department of Physics, University of La Plata, c.c. 67 1900, La Plata (Argentina); Faculty of Engineering, University of Lomas de Zamora, C. C. Km 2 (1836) Lavallol (Argentina)
2005-07-01
The boson expansion method is applied to find the spectrum of a q-deformed harmonic oscillator. We use two different boson expansions, each of them including a deformation parameter, defined in terms of exponential and logarithmic functionals. The resulting Hamiltonians are bilinear forms of the transformed operators. Physical effects resulting from the deformation of the generators of the algebra are studied by comparing known finite-range potentials and the effective potentials obtained for each of the considered Hamiltonians.
SHDOM: Spherical Harmonic Discrete Ordinate Method for atmospheric radiative transfer
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Evans, K. Franklin
2015-08-01
The Spherical Harmonic Discrete Ordinate Method (SHDOM) radiative transfer model computes polarized monochromatic or spectral band radiative transfer in a one, two, or three-dimensional medium for either collimated solar and/or thermal emission sources of radiation. The model is written in a variant of Fortran 77 and in Fortran90 and requires a Fortran 90 compiler. Also included are programs for generating the optical property files input to SHDOM from physical properties of water cloud particles and aerosols.
Bachelard, R.; Chubar, O.; Mercere, P.; Idir, M.; Couprie, M.E.; Lambert, G.; Zeitoun, Ph.; Kimura, H.; Ohashi, H.; Higashiya, A.; Yabashi, M.; Nagasono, M.; Hara, T. and Ishikawa, T.
2011-06-08
The single-shot spatial characteristics of the vacuum ultraviolet self-amplified spontaneous emission of a free electron laser (FEL) is measured at different stages of amplification up to saturation with a Hartmann wavefront sensor. We show that the fundamental radiation at 61.5 nm tends towards a single-mode behavior as getting closer to saturation. The measurements are found in good agreement with simulations and theory. A near diffraction limited wavefront was measured. The analysis of Fresnel diffraction through the Hartmann wavefront sensor hole array also provides some further insight for the evaluation of the FEL transverse coherence, of high importance for various applications.
Run II physics at the Fermilab Tevatron and advanced analysis methods
Pushpalatha C Bhat
2003-06-23
The Fermilab Tevatron has the unique opportunity to explore physics at the electroweak scale with the highest ever proton-antiproton collision energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV and unprecedented luminosity. About 20 times more data is expected to be collected during the first phase of the collider Run II which is in its second year of data-taking. The second phase of Run II, expected to begin in 2005, will increase the integrated luminosity to about 10-15 fb{sup -1}. Discovering a low mass Higgs boson and evidence for Supersymmetry or for other new physics beyond the Standard Model are the main physics goals for Run II. It is widely recognized that the use of advanced analysis methods will be crucial to achieve these goals. I discuss the current status of Run II at the Tevatron, prospects and foreseen applications of advanced analysis methods.
[Physical exercise in patients with high-blood pressure: a conceptual analysis].
Guedes, Nirla Gomes; Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira
2010-06-01
In the treatment of arterial hypertension, physical exercises have been appointed as one of the main non-pharmacological measures. This study aims to analyze the concept of physical exercise in patients with hypertension and identify possible critical attributes and preceding and consequent factors. The study followed the conceptual analysis methodology and the integrative revision of scientific articles related to the topic. As to critical attributes, aspects related to time, frequency, duration and intensity of physical exercise were identified. The preceding factors found were: advice/education, motivation, goal development from Transtheoretical Model, self-efficacy and support groups. Regarding the consequent factors, general health benefits were evidenced as physiological, psychosocial, cognitive and behavioral benefits. The conceptual analysis supports quality assistance centered in the patient with hypertension, aiming the control of the disease and the prevention of complications. PMID:21500519
Analysis and Synthesis of Facial Image Sequences Using Physical and Anatomical Models
Demetri Terzopoulos; Keith Waters
1993-01-01
We present a new approach to the analysis ofdynamic facial images for the purposes of estimating and resynthesizingdynamic facial expressions. The approach exploits asophisticated generatire model of the human face originallydeveloped for realistic facial animation. The face model, whichmay be simulated and rendered at interactive rates on a graphicsworkstation, incorporates a physics-based synthetic facial tissueand a set of anatomically motivated
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Granner, Michelle L.; Sharpe, Patricia A.; Burroughs, Ericka L.; Fields, Regina; Hallenbeck, Joyce
2010-01-01
This study conducted a newspaper content analysis as part of an evaluation of a community-based participatory research project focused on increasing physical activity through policy and environmental changes, which included activities related to media advocacy and media-based community education. Daily papers (May 2003 to December 2005) from both…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rossi, Tony; Tinning, Richard; McCuaig, Louise; Sirna, Karen; Hunter, Lisa
2009-01-01
Much of physical education curriculum in the developed world and specifically in Australia tends to be guided in principle by syllabus documents that represent, in varying degrees, some form of government education priorities. Through the use of critical discourse analysis we analyze one such syllabus example (an official syllabus document of one…
Robust principal component analysis by self-organizing rules based on statistical physics approach
Lei Xu; Alan L. Yuille
1995-01-01
This paper applies statistical physics to the problem of robust principal component analysis (PCA). The commonly used PCA learning rules are first related to energy functions. These functions are generalized by adding a binary decision field with a given prior distribution so that outliers in the data are dealt with explicitly in order to make PCA robust. Each of the
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Eyler, Amy A.; Brownson, Ross C.; Aytur, Semra A.; Cradock, Angie L.; Doescher, Mark; Evenson, Kelly R.; Kerr, Jacqueline; Maddock, Jay; Pluto, Delores L.; Steinman, Lesley; Tompkins, Nancy O'Hara; Troped, Philip; Schmid, Thomas L.
2010-01-01
Objectives: To develop a comprehensive inventory of state physical education (PE) legislation, examine trends in bill introduction, and compare bill factors. Methods: State PE legislation from January 2001 to July 2007 was identified using a legislative database. Analysis included components of evidence-based school PE from the Community Guide and…
Run II Physics at the Fermilab Tevatron and Advanced Analysis Methods Pushpalatha C. Bhat a \\Lambda
Bhat, Pushpalatha
1 Run II Physics at the Fermilab Tevatron and Advanced Analysis Methods Pushpalatha C. Bhat is expected to be collected during the first phase of the collider Run II which is in its second year of datataking. The second phase of Run II, expected to begin in 2005, will increase the integrated luminosity to about 10
Cocco, Simona
2013-01-01
fluctuations around the average dynamics. Here we do so for population time-series data from replicate replicate population dynamics experiments could be designed to optimize the acquired information of interestPHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 062714 (2013) Trend and fluctuations: Analysis and design of population