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1

Waste Stream Disposal Pharmacy Quick Sheet (6/16/14) Also pharmacy employees must complete SABA "Medication Waste Stream Disposal" Non-hazardous Hazardous Additional Waste  

E-print Network

must complete SABA "Medication Waste Stream Disposal" Non-hazardous Hazardous Additional Waste Disposal Location Green Bins for Non-hazardous waste Black Bins for Hazardous Waste Yellow Trace Chemo Disposal Bin Red Sharps Bins Red

Oliver, Douglas L.

2

The Disposal of Hazardous Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The highlights of a symposium held in October, 1977 spotlight some problems and solutions. Topics include wastes from coal technologies, radioactive wastes, and industrial and agricultural wastes. (BB)

Barnhart, Benjamin J.

1978-01-01

3

General Safety Guidelines for Bio-Hazardous Waste Disposal  

E-print Network

General Safety Guidelines for Bio-Hazardous Waste Disposal · Determine if you have a Bio-Hazardous, cell cultures, Petri dishes, and etc. NOT fitting the category 1 description. · ALL BIO-HAZARDOUS WASTE as Hazardous Waste Material not as Bio-Hazardous Waste. For more information call REM at 49-40121 or refer

Holland, Jeffrey

4

Regulating the disposal of cigarette butts as toxic hazardous waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trillions of cigarette butts generated each year throughout the world pose a significant challenge for disposal regulations, primarily because there are millions of points of disposal, along with the necessity to segregate, collect and dispose of the butts in a safe manner, and cigarette butts are toxic, hazardous waste. There are some hazardous waste laws, such as those covering

Richard L Barnes

2011-01-01

5

Sorting and disposal of hazardous laboratory Radioactive waste  

E-print Network

Sorting and disposal of hazardous laboratory waste Radioactive waste Solid radioactive waste or in a Perspex box. Liquid radioactive waste collect in a screw-cap plastic bottle, ½ or 1 L size. Place bottles in a tray to avoid spill Final disposal of both solid and radioactive waste into the yellow barrel

Maoz, Shahar

6

Hazardous Waste Contacts Please note some types of hazardous waste already have a specific disposal route in place  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Contacts Please note some types of hazardous waste already have a specific disposal route in place including: Type of Hazardous Waste Disposal Route Contact Batteries Most will be disposed Pete Hartshorn - ext. 2600 Chemical Waste Disposed of via PHS waste contractors. Stuart Hucknall ­ ext

Evans, Paul

7

Method for disposing of hazardous wastes  

DOEpatents

A method and system for long-term control of root growth without killing the plants bearing those roots involves incorporating a 2,6-dinitroaniline in a polymer and disposing the polymer in an area in which root control is desired. This results in controlled release of the substituted aniline herbicide over a period of many years. Herbicides of this class have the property of preventing root elongation without translocating into other parts of the plant. The herbicide may be encapsulated in the polymer or mixed with it. The polymer-herbicide mixture may be formed into pellets, sheets, pipe gaskets, pipes for carrying water, or various other forms. The invention may be applied to other protection of buried hazardous wastes, protection of underground pipes, prevention of root intrusion beneath slabs, the dwarfing of trees or shrubs and other applications. The preferred herbicide is 4-difluoromethyl-N,N-dipropyl- 2,6-dinitro-aniline, commonly known as trifluralin.

Burton, Frederick G. (West Richland, WA); Cataldo, Dominic A. (Kennewick, WA); Cline, John F. (Prosser, WA); Skiens, W. Eugene (Richland, WA)

1995-01-01

8

Resource recovery in Californian alternative to disposal of hazardous wastes  

SciTech Connect

During 1977, the Hazardous Materials Management Section of the California Dept. of Health Services began to investigate the feasibility of recycling hazardous wastes in the San Francisco Bay area and to develop techniques to encourage such recycling throughout California. The state's traditional hazardous waste disposal practices and existing hazardous wastes laws are reviewed. Five broad categories of hazardous wastes being generated by California industries are considered. A cooperative effort between government and industry to encourage the recycling of hazardous wastes is recommended. 2 references.

Schwarzer, C.G.; Storm, D.L.

1980-01-01

9

Monthly Theme Hazardous Waste Disposal July 2009 Monthly Theme for discussion at Department Meetings -July 2009  

E-print Network

Monthly Theme ­ Hazardous Waste Disposal ­ July 2009 Monthly Theme for discussion at Department Meetings - July 2009 Hazardous Waste Disposal Often a waste pick-up is initiated but the waste isn't picked that it would be beneficial to have a stand and deliver course on Hazardous Waste Disposal offered

Calgary, University of

10

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS AT A RCRA HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

The use of hazardous waste disposal facilities permitted under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (''RCRA'') to dispose of low concentration and exempt radioactive materials is a cost-effective option for government and industry waste generators. The hazardous and PCB waste disposal facility operated by US Ecology Idaho, Inc. near Grand View, Idaho provides environmentally sound disposal services to both government and private industry waste generators. The Idaho facility is a major recipient of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers FUSRAP program waste and received permit approval to receive an expanded range of radioactive materials in 2001. The site has disposed of more than 300,000 tons of radioactive materials from the federal government during the past five years. This paper presents the capabilities of the Grand View, Idaho hazardous waste facility to accept radioactive materials, site-specific acceptance criteria and performance assessment, radiological safety and environmental monitoring program information.

Romano, Stephen; Welling, Steven; Bell, Simon

2003-02-27

11

40 CFR 264.555 - Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills. 264.555 Section 264.555 ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND...

2013-07-01

12

40 CFR 264.555 - Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills. 264.555 Section 264.555 ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND...

2012-07-01

13

40 CFR 264.555 - Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills. 264.555 Section 264.555 ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND...

2011-07-01

14

40 CFR 264.555 - Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills. 264.555 Section 264.555 ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND...

2014-07-01

15

40 CFR 264.555 - Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Disposal of CAMU-eligible wastes in permitted hazardous waste landfills. 264.555 Section 264.555 ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND...

2010-07-01

16

Disposal of Hazardous Medical Waste Policy and Procedures Commencement Date: 27 November, 1996  

E-print Network

Disposal of Hazardous Medical Waste Policy and Procedures Commencement Date: 27 November, 1996 containing or used in work involving cytotoxic substances. Hazardous Medical Waste Means any substance staff, students and visitors against contamination from hazardous medical waste. 7. PROCEDURES 7

17

Economic analysis of regulation and crime in hazardous waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

A novel, binary waste taxonomy gives precise meaning hence analytical power to the term hazardous. Dispersion wastes dominate the literature, hazardous wastes have been ignored. Production determines environmental damage for dispersion wastes. For hazardous wastes this link is severed, damage depends on the waste's disposition. Imperfect monitoring and enforcement make criminal disposal an option. This economic decision is analyzed via models of a firm, a regulator, and their interactions under uncertainty. Necessary and sufficient agency behaviors are found which force firm production and disposition decisions to separate, permitting agency attack of illicit disposal without affecting production, consumption, or law-abiding firms. A Stackelberg follower agency strategy may yield less illicit disposal as well as higher welfare than the Stackelberg leader agency's larger budget and staff. Both of these strategies' outcomes are determinate and welfare superior to the Nash-Cournot. Regulation drives cost, hence fees at legal dumpsites, which are the incentive to covert disposal. Fines and costly enforcement provide only partial counter-incentives. Subsidization of the dump fee, and instrument present policy neglects, must raise welfare in this model.

Lawyer, R.L.

1986-01-01

18

40 CFR 265.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2014-07-01

19

40 CFR 265.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2013-07-01

20

40 CFR 265.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2011-07-01

21

40 CFR 265.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2012-07-01

22

40 CFR 264.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2011-07-01

23

40 CFR 264.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2010-07-01

24

40 CFR 265.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2010-07-01

25

40 CFR 264.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2012-07-01

26

40 CFR 264.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2013-07-01

27

40 CFR 264.316 - Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab packs...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...Disposal of small containers of hazardous waste in overpacked drums (lab...

2014-07-01

28

40 CFR 257.5 - Disposal standards for owners/operators of non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that receive Conditionally...CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES AND PRACTICES Disposal...Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous Waste Disposal Units 257.5...

2010-07-01

29

40 CFR Appendix Vii to Part 268 - LDR Effective Dates of Surface Disposed Prohibited Hazardous Wastes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 262010-07-01 2010-07-01false LDR Effective Dates of Surface Disposed Prohibited Hazardous Wastes...RESTRICTIONSPt. 268, App. VII Appendix VII to Part 268LDR Effective Dates of Surface Disposed Prohibited Hazardous...

2010-07-01

30

P\\procedure\\EH&S#15 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL POLICY  

E-print Network

P\\procedure\\EH&S#15 Page 1 of 2 TITLE: HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL POLICY OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: Ensure the proper disposal of hazardous chemical waste generated on FAU Campuses RESPONSIBILITY WASTE GENERATORS Comply with the Hazardous Material Manual (Appendix B of the FAU Chemical Hygiene Plan

Fernandez, Eduardo

31

Toward Hazardless Waste: A Guide for Safe Use and Disposal of Hazardous Household Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help individuals make responsible decisions about safe use and disposal of household products. It consists of eight sections dealing with: (1) hazardous chemicals in the home, how hazaradous products become hazardous waste, and whether a hazardous waste problem exists in Puget Sound; (2) which household wastes are

Toteff, Sally; Zehner, Cheri

32

COST COMPARISONS OF TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ALTERNATIVES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES. VOLUME II. APPENDICES  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment and disposal alternatives and costs for hazardous wastes from the organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, and electroplating and metal finishing industries are evaluated. The 16 treatment and 5 disposal technologies were based on applicability to the industry categories...

33

EPA's seek and find program. [Hazardous waste disposal sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of activities in Region V involving the identification and evaluation of hazardous waste sites. Of special interest is the hazardous waste hotline (toll-free). The public was asked to report such things as 55-gallon drums in woods, swamps or vacant lots. They were asked to report oil or sludge spills and unusual odors. As a result, 200

Leder

1981-01-01

34

Hydrologic detection of abandoned wells near proposed injection wells for hazardous waste disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep saline aquifers are being used for disposal of hazardous liquid wastes. A thorough knowledge of the competency of such aquifers and their confining geologic beds in permanently isolating the hazardous substances is the key to successful disposal operations. Characterization of such systems, and in particular the detection of any conduit that may permit hydraulic communication between the host aquifer

Iraj Javandel; Chin Fu Tsang; Paul A. Witherspoon; David Morganwalp

1988-01-01

35

LINERS FOR SANITARY LANDFILLS AND CHEMICAL AND HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

This report lists addresses of sanitary landfills and chemical and hazardous waste disposal sites and holding ponds with some form of impermeable lining. Liners included are polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, Hypalon R, ethylene propylene diene monomer, butyl rubber, conventional ...

36

EVALUATION OF AIR EMISSIONS FROM HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has examined the fugitive air emissions from landfills, surface impoundments, storage tanks, containers (drums), solvent recovery processes, and land treatment technologies at hazardous waste disposal facilities (HWDF's). The main objective of this study was to develop...

37

75 FR 30392 - Approval of a Petition for Exemption from Hazardous Waste Disposal Injection Restrictions to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9156-8] Approval of a Petition for Exemption from Hazardous Waste Disposal Injection Restrictions to Cabot Corporation Tuscola, Tuscola, IL AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency....

2010-06-01

38

EPA's seek and find program. [Hazardous waste disposal sites  

SciTech Connect

A description is given of activities in Region V involving the identification and evaluation of hazardous waste sites. Of special interest is the hazardous waste hotline (toll-free). The public was asked to report such things as 55-gallon drums in woods, swamps or vacant lots. They were asked to report oil or sludge spills and unusual odors. As a result, 200 new illegal sites have been identified. Police officials have joined in the effort through periodic checks at weigh stations and inspections of vehicles attempting to avoid the weigh stations. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1980 provides regulations for the generation, transportation, and storage of hazardous wastes. The regulations are discussed and fines listed for noncompliance.

Leder, A.

1981-01-01

39

Disposing of hazardous waste. An update on waste management studies.  

PubMed

Waste management in the dental office is not a limited issue involving only dentists from the Region of Hamilton-Wentworth. While the ODA has had the opportunity to work with the Hamilton Academy of Dentistry and has the support of this society for a two-phased project, the Metro Toronto component societies will be joining the existing MOEE/Hamilton study. The MOEE in Halton-Peel has informed us that they will be conducting a similar survey and study. The committee would like to thank the Executive of the Hamilton Academy of Dentistry who have provided needed follow-up on this project. We look forward to the cooperation of individual dentists in all communities involved in this environmental study. Dentists are encouraged to complete the survey and to consider volunteering to take part in the in-office sample study. If you have any questions, we invite you to contact members of the Health Care Committee or the staff in the Department of Professional Affairs. PMID:9468925

Samek, L

1994-09-01

40

UC DAVIS CUPA SELF AUDIT CHECKLIST 1. Are chemical hazardous waste containers disposed of through Yes No NA  

E-print Network

UC DAVIS CUPA SELF AUDIT CHECKLIST 1. Are chemical hazardous waste containers disposed of through days if 1 pound or 1 quart of acutely hazardous waste is accumulated? (Prudent practice is to dispose of within 90 days). 2. Does each chemical hazardous waste container have a UC Davis Yes ? No ? NA ?

Kolner, Brian H.

41

Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Project. Summary Report. Metro Toxicant Program Report No. 1A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Project was established as an interagency effort to reduce the level of toxicants entering the environment by developing a control plan for the safe disposal of small quantities of household chemicals. This summary report provides an overview of the aspects of this problem that were examined, and the steps

Ridgley, Susan M.; Galvin, David V.

42

Colleges Struggle to Dispose of Hazardous Wastes in Face of Rising Costs and Increased Regulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After years of being ignored by federal regulators because of the low volume of hazardous waste in question, colleges and universities are facing increased enforcement of environmental laws concerning waste disposal and storage, at great cost in money, facilities, and personnel. (MSE)

Magner, Denise K.

1989-01-01

43

Preliminary Hazard Analysis for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

The need for remote handled low level waste (LLW) disposal capability has been identified. A new onsite, remote-handled LLW disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled LLW disposal capability for remote-handled LLW that is generated as part of the nuclear mission of the Idaho National Laboratory and from spent nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled LLW in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This document supports the conceptual design for the proposed remote-handled LLW disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization and by identifying potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled LLW.

Lisa Harvego; Mike Lehto

2010-02-01

44

Preliminary Hazard Analysis for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project  

SciTech Connect

The need for remote handled low level waste (LLW) disposal capability has been identified. A new onsite, remote-handled LLW disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled LLW disposal capability for remote-handled LLW that is generated as part of the nuclear mission of the Idaho National Laboratory and from spent nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled LLW in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This document supports the conceptual design for the proposed remote-handled LLW disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization and by identifying potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled LLW.

Lisa Harvego; Mike Lehto

2010-10-01

45

Preliminary Hazard Analysis for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

The need for remote handled low level waste (LLW) disposal capability has been identified. A new onsite, remote-handled LLW disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled LLW disposal capability for remote-handled LLW that is generated as part of the nuclear mission of the Idaho National Laboratory and from spent nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled LLW in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This document supports the conceptual design for the proposed remote-handled LLW disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization and by identifying potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled LLW.

Lisa Harvego; Mike Lehto

2010-05-01

46

Action on Hazardous Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. EPA is gearing up to investigate about 300 hazardous waste dump sites per year that could pose an imminent health hazard. Prosecutions are expected to result from the priority effort at investigating illegal hazardous waste disposal. (RE)

EPA Journal, 1979

1979-01-01

47

APPLICATION OF A HAZARD-ASSESSMENT RESEARCH STRATEGY FOR WASTE DISPOSAL AT 106-MILE OCEAN DISPOSAL SITE  

EPA Science Inventory

An application of a hazard-assessment research strategy was made using waste disposal at Deepwater Dumpsite-l06 (DWD-106) as an example. The strategy involved the synthesis of results from separate exposure and effects components in order to provide a scientific basis for estimat...

48

Using MCDA and GIS for hazardous waste landfill siting considering land scarcity for waste disposal.  

PubMed

The main aim of this study was to develop a procedure that minimizes the wasting of space for the siting of hazardous waste landfills as part of a solid waste management system. We wanted to tackle the shortage of land for waste disposal that is a serious and growing problem in most large urban regions. The procedure combines a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) approach with a geographical information system (GIS). The GIS was utilised to obtain an initial screening in order to eliminate unsuitable areas, whereas the MCDA was developed to select the most suitable sites. The novelty of the proposed siting procedure is the introduction of a new screening phase before the macro-siting step aimed at producing a "land use map of potentially suitable areas" for the siting of solid waste facilities which simultaneously takes into consideration all plant types. The issue of obtaining sites evaluations of a specific facility was coupled with the issue of not wasting land appropriate to facilitate other types of waste management options. In the developed case study, the use of an innovative criteria weighting tool (the "Priority Scale") in combination with the Analytic Hierarchy Process was useful to easier define the priorities of the evaluation criteria in comparison with other classic methods such as the Paired Comparison Technique in combination with the Simple Additive Weighting method. PMID:25002369

De Feo, Giovanni; De Gisi, Sabino

2014-11-01

49

COST COMPARISONS OF TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ALTERNATIVES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES. VOLUME I  

EPA Science Inventory

Unit costs are estimated for 16 treatment and 5 disposal techniques applicable to hazardous wastes from the organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, and electroplating and metal finishing industries. Each technology was evaluated by unit processes or modules, and computer-linked m...

50

Grout formulation for disposal of low-level and hazardous waste streams containing fluoride  

DOEpatents

A composition and related process for disposal of hazardous waste streams containing fluoride in cement-based materials is disclosed. the presence of fluoride in cement-based materials is disclosed. The presence of fluoride in waste materials acts as a set retarder and as a result, prevents cement-based grouts from setting. This problem is overcome by the present invention wherein calcium hydroxide is incorporated into the dry-solid portion of the grout mix. The calcium hydroxide renders the fluoride insoluble, allowing the grout to set up and immobilize all hazardous constituents of concern. 4 tabs.

McDaniel, E.W.; Sams, T.L.; Tallent, O.K.

1987-06-02

51

Household hazardous waste disposal project. Metro toxicant program report number 1d. SLEUTH (strategies and lessons to eliminate unused toxicants: help) - Educational activities on the disposal of household hazardous waste. Final report 1981-82  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a number of educational activities for students in the elementary and secondary grades that will help them understand the issues related to, and the best disposal options for hazardous household wastes. Teachers are provided with a series of illustrated lessons and quizzes, problem solving exercises, and role playing games. The projects are designed to define terms and concepts for understanding hazardous wastes, provide information on disposal systems available in King County, indicate problems with current disposal practices, and discuss personal responsibility for proper waste disposal.

Dyckman, C.; Luboff, C.; Smith-Greathouse, L.

1982-08-01

52

Small mammal populations at hazardous waste disposal sites near Houston, Texas, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Small mammals were trapped, tagged and recaptured in 0?45 ha plots at six hazardous industrial waste disposal sites to determine if populations, body mass and age structures were different from paired control site plots. Low numbers of six species of small mammals were captured on industrial waste sites or control sites. Only populations of hispid cotton rats at industrial waste sites and control sites were large enough for comparisons. Overall population numbers, age structure, and body mass of adult male and female cotton rats were similar at industrial waste sites and control sites. Populations of small mammals (particularly hispid cotton rats) may not suffice as indicators of environments with hazardous industrial waste contamination.

Flickinger, E.L.; Nichols, J.D.

1990-01-01

53

An evaluation of glass-crystal composites for the disposal of nuclear and hazardous waste materials  

SciTech Connect

Waste forms made of a glass-crystal composite (GCC) are being evaluated at Argonne National Laboratory for their potential use in the disposal of low-level nuclear and hazardous waste materials. This waste form is being developed within the framework strategy of DOE`s minimum Additive Waste Stabilization (MAWS) Program. The MAWS protocol involves the blending of multiple waste streams to achieve an optimal feed composition, which eliminates the need to use large amounts of additives to produce an acceptable waste form. The GCCs have a particularly useful utility in their ability to incorporate waste streams with high metal contents, including those that contain large amounts of scrap metals, and in their potential for sequestering radionuclide and hazardous constituents in corrosion-resistant mineral phases. This paper reports the results from tests conducted with simulated feeds representative of potential DOE and industry waste streams. Topics addressed include the partitioning of various radioactive and hazardous constituents between the glass and crystalline portions of the waste form, the development of secondary phases on the altered sample surfaces during corrosion testing, and the fate of waste components during corrosion testing, as indicated by elements released to solution and microanalysis of the reacted solid samples.

Wronkiewicz, D.J.; DiSanto, T.; Wolf, S.F.; Buck, E.C.; Dietz, N.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Feng, X. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-03-01

54

Hazardous Waste  

MedlinePLUS

... you throw these substances away, they become hazardous waste. Some hazardous wastes come from products in our homes. Our garbage can include such hazardous wastes as old batteries, bug spray cans and paint ...

55

Household hazardous waste disposal project. Metro toxicant program report number 1a. Summary report. Final report 1981-82  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Project was an interagency effort to reduce the amount of toxicants entering the environment by developing a control plan for the safe disposal of small quantities of household chemicals. This Summary provides an overview of this problem and the steps taken to develop the control plan. The legal framework controlling the contents, labelling, and disposal

S. M. Ridgley; D. V. Galvin

1982-01-01

56

Waste Disposal Guide HOW TO PROPERLY DISPOSE OF WASTE MATERIALS  

E-print Network

Waste Disposal Guide HOW TO PROPERLY DISPOSE OF WASTE MATERIALS GENERATED AT DEPAUL UNIVERSITY.4 Hazardous Waste Defined p.5 Chemical Waste Procedure for Generating Departments p.6 o A of Containers p.8 o E. Disposal of Empty Containers p.8 o F. Storage of Waste Chemicals p.8,9 o G

Schaefer, Marcus

57

The effects of hazardous waste taxes on generation and disposal of chlorinated solvent waste  

E-print Network

In 1989, 30 states levied taxes on e generation or management of hazardous waste. These taxes constitute one of the broadest applications of an emissions tax in U.S. environmental policy and provide a natural experiment ...

Sigman, Hilary

1992-01-01

58

Hazard Classification of the Remote Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Battelle Energy Alliance (BEA) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is constructing a new facility to replace remote-handled low-level radioactive waste disposal capability for INL and Naval Reactors Facility operations. Current disposal capability at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) will continue until the facility is full or closed for remediation (estimated at approximately fiscal year 2015). Development of a new onsite disposal facility is the highest ranked alternative and will provide RH-LLW disposal capability and will ensure continuity of operations that generate RH-LLW for the foreseeable future. As a part of establishing a safety basis for facility operations, the facility will be categorized according to DOE-STD-1027-92. This classification is important in determining the scope of analyses performed in the safety basis and will also dictate operational requirements of the completed facility. This paper discusses the issues affecting hazard classification in this nuclear facility and impacts of the final hazard categorization.

Boyd D. Christensen

2012-05-01

59

40 CFR Appendix Vii to Part 268 - LDR Effective Dates of Surface Disposed Prohibited Hazardous Wastes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Dates of Surface Disposed Wastes (Non-Soil and Debris) Regulated in the LDRS a ...table also does not include contaminated soil and debris wastes.b The standard...Land Disposal Restrictions for Contaminated Soil and Debris (CSD) Restricted...

2013-07-01

60

Waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

This is a claim for a waste disposal package including an inner or primary canister for containing hazardous and/or radioactive wastes. The primary canister is encapsulated by an outer or secondary barrier formed of a porous ceramic material to control ingress of water to the canister and the release rate of wastes upon breach on the canister. 4 figs.

Smith, M.J.

1985-06-19

61

Hazardous Waste: Cleanup and Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses hazardous waste, waste disposal, unsafe exposure, movement of hazardous waste, and the Superfund clean-up process that consists of site discovery, site assessment, clean-up method selection, site clean up, and site maintenance. Argues that proper disposal of hazardous waste is everybody's responsibility. (JRH)

Vandas, Steve; Cronin, Nancy L.

1996-01-01

62

Transport and transportation pathways of hazardous chemicals from solid waste disposal.  

PubMed Central

To evaluate the impact of hazardous chemicals in solid wastes on man and other organisms, it is necessary to have information about amounts of chemical present, extent of exposure, and chemical toxicity. This paper addresses the question of organism exposure by considering the major physical and biological transport pathways and the physicochemical and biochemical transformations that may occur in sediments, soils, and water. Disposal of solid wastes in both terrestrial and oceanic environments is considered. Atmospheric transport is considered for emissions from incineration of solid wastes and for wind resuspension of particulates from surface waste deposits. Solid wastes deposited in terrestrial environments are subject to leaching by surface and ground waters. Leachates may then be transported to other surface waters and drinking water aquifers through hydrologic transport. Leachates also interact with natural organic matter, clays, and microorganisms in soils and sediments. These interactions may render chemical constituents in leachates more or less mobile, possibly change chemical and physical forms, and alter their biological activity. Oceanic waste disposal practices result in migration through diffusion and ocean currents. Surface area-to-volume ratios play a major role in the initial distributions of chemicals in the aquatic environment. Sediments serve as major sources and sinks of chemical contaminants. Food chain transport in both aquatic and terrestrial environments results in the movement of hazardous chemicals from lower to higher positions in the food web. Bioconcentration is observed in both terrestrial and aquatic food chains with certain elements and synthetic organics. Bioconcentration factors tend to be higher for synthetic organics, and higher in aquatic than in terrestrial systems. Biodilution is not atypical in terrestrial environments. Synergistic and antagonistic actions are common occurrences among chemical contaminants and can be particularly important toxicity considerations in aquatic environments receiving runoff from several terrestrial sources. PMID:367772

Van Hook, R I

1978-01-01

63

Procedure for the Recycling Material and Disposal of Waste from  

E-print Network

Clinical Wastes Radioactive Wastes Laboratory Wastes of Unknown Hazard Non-Hazardous Laboratory Wastes Procedure Radioactive Wastes see Radioactive Waste Procedure Laboratory Wastes of Unknown Hazard1 Procedure for the Recycling Material and Disposal of Waste from Laboratories Document Control

Guillas, Serge

64

Radioactive mixed waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

Various types of waste have been generated during the 50-year history of the Hanford Site. Regulatory changes in the last 20 years have provided the emphasis for better management of these wastes. Interpretations of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA), and the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) have led to the definition of radioactive mixed wastes (RMW). The radioactive and hazardous properties of these wastes have resulted in the initiation of special projects for the management of these wastes. Other solid wastes at the Hanford Site include low-level wastes, transuranic (TRU), and nonradioactive hazardous wastes. This paper describes a system for the treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) of solid radioactive waste.

Jasen, W.G.; Erpenbeck, E.G.

1993-02-01

65

Hazardous Waste: Cleanup and Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Superfund, a federal cleanup program created in response to growing public concern over the health and environmental risks posed by hazardous waste sites. Discusses sources, disposal, and movement and risk of hazardous waste. (JRH)

Vandas, Steve; Cronin, Nancy L.

1996-01-01

66

Scoping evaluation of the technical capabilities of DOE sites for disposal of hazardous metals in mixed low-level waste  

SciTech Connect

A team of analysts designed and conducted a scoping evaluation to estimate the technical capabilities of fifteen Department of Energy sites for disposal of the hazardous metals in mixed low-level waste (i.e., waste that contains both low-level radioactive materials and hazardous constituents). Eight hazardous metals were evaluated: arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, selenium, and silver. The analysis considered transport only through the groundwater pathway. The results are reported as site-specific estimates of maximum concentrations of each hazardous metal in treated mixed low-level waste that do not exceed the performance measures established for the analysis. Also reported are site-specific estimates of travel times of each hazardous metal to the point of compliance.

Gruebel, M.M.; Waters, R.D.; Langkopf, B.S.

1997-05-01

67

U.S. EPA'S STRATEGY FOR GROUND WATER QUALITY MONITORING AT HAZARDOUS WASTE LAND DISPOSAL FACILITIES LOCATED IN KARST TERRANES  

EPA Science Inventory

Ground water monitoring of hazardous waste land disposal units by a network of wells is ineffective when located in karstic terranes. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently proposing to modify its current ground water quality monitoring requirement of one upg...

68

Hazardous Wastes from Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The management of waste materials has become more complex with the increase in human population and the development of new substances. This illustrated booklet traces the history of waste management and provides guidelines for individuals and communities in disposing of certain hazardous wastes safely. It addresses such topics as: (1) how people

Lord, John

69

Earth reencounter probabilities for aborted space disposal of hazardous nuclear waste  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A quantitative assessment is made of the long-term risk of earth reencounter and reentry associated with aborted disposal of hazardous material in the space environment. Numerical results are presented for 10 candidate disposal options covering a broad spectrum of disposal destinations and deployment propulsion systems. Based on representative models of system failure, the probability that a single payload will return and collide with earth within a period of 250,000 years is found to lie in the range .0002-.006. Proportionately smaller risk attaches to shorter time intervals. Risk-critical factors related to trajectory geometry and system reliability are identified as possible mechanisms of hazard reduction.

Friedlander, A. L.; Feingold, H.

1977-01-01

70

Transport and fate of organic wastes in groundwater at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site, southern California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 1999, wastewater influent and effluent from the pretreatment plant at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site were sampled along with groundwater at six locations along the groundwater contaminant plume. The objectives of this sampling and study were to identify at the compound class level the unidentified 40-60% of wastewater organic contaminants, and to determine what organic compound classes were being removed by the wastewater pretreatment plant, and what organic compound classes persisted during subsurface waste migration. The unidentified organic wastes are primarily chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids derived from wastes from DDT manufacture. Trace amounts of EDTA and NTA organic complexing agents were discovered along with carboxylate metabolites of the common alkylphenolpolyethoxylate plasticizers and nonionic surfactants. The wastewater pretreatment plant removed most of the aromatic chlorinated sulfonic acids that have hydrophobic neutral properties, but the p-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid which is the primary waste constituent passed through the pretreatment plant and was discharged in the treated wastewaters transported to an industrial sewer. During migration in groundwater, p-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid is removed by natural remediation processes. Wastewater organic contaminants have decreased 3- to 45-fold in the groundwater from 1985 to 1999 as a result of site remediation and natural remediation processes. The chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids with hydrophobic neutral properties persist and have migrated into groundwater that underlies the adjacent residential community.

Leenheer, Jerry A.; Hsu, John; Barber, L. B.

2001-10-01

71

Transport and fate of organic wastes in groundwater at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site, southern California.  

PubMed

In January 1999, wastewater influent and effluent from the pretreatment plant at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site were sampled along with groundwater at six locations along the groundwater contaminant plume. The objectives of this sampling and study were to identify at the compound class level the unidentified 40-60% of wastewater organic contaminants, and to determine what organic compound classes were being removed by the wastewater pretreatment plant, and what organic compound classes persisted during subsurface waste migration. The unidentified organic wastes are primarily chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids derived from wastes from DDT manufacture. Trace amounts of EDTA and NTA organic complexing agents were discovered along with carboxylate metabolites of the common alkylphenolpolyethoxylate plasticizers and nonionic surfactants. The wastewater pretreatment plant removed most of the aromatic chlorinated sulfonic acids that have hydrophobic neutral properties, but the p-chlorobenzene-sulfonic acid which is the primary waste constituent passed through the pretreatment plant and was discharged in the treated wastewaters transported to an industrial sewer. During migration in groundwater, p-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid is removed by natural remediation processes. Wastewater organic contaminants have decreased 3- to 45-fold in the groundwater from 1985 to 1999 as a result of site remediation and natural remediation processes. The chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids with hydrophobic neutral properties persist and have migrated into groundwater that underlies the adjacent residential community. PMID:11588824

Leenheer, J A; Hsu, J; Barber, L B

2001-10-01

72

Transport and fate of organic wastes in groundwater at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site, southern California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In January 1999, wastewater influent and effluent from the pretreatment plant at the Stringfellow hazardous waste disposal site were sampled along with groundwater at six locations along the groundwater contaminant plume. The objectives of this sampling and study were to identify at the compound class level the unidentified 40-60% of wastewater organic contaminants, and to determine what organic compound classes were being removed by the wastewater pretreatment plant, and what organic compound classes persisted during subsurface waste migration. The unidentified organic wastes are primarily chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids derived from wastes from DDT manufacture. Trace amounts of EDTA and NTA organic complexing agents were discovered along with carboxylate metabolites of the common alkylphenolpolyethoxylate plasticizers and nonionic surfactants. The wastewater pretreatment plant removed most of the aromatic chlorinated sulfonic acids that have hydrophobic neutral properties, but the p-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid which is the primary waste constituent passed through the pretreatment plant and was discharged in the treated wastewaters transported to an industrial sewer. During migration in groundwater, p-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid is removed by natural remediation processes. Wastewater organic contaminants have decreased 3- to 45-fold in the groundwater from 1985 to 1999 as a result of site remediation and natural remediation processes. The chlorinated aromatic sulfonic acids with hydrophobic neutral properties persist and have migrated into groundwater that underlies the adjacent residential community. Copyright ?? 2001 .

Leenheer, J.A.; Hsu, J.; Barber, L.B.

2001-01-01

73

75 FR 65482 - Approval of a Petition for Exemption From Hazardous Waste Disposal Injection Restrictions to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...specific restricted waste, Spent Pickle Liquor (code K062 under 40 CFR part 261), into one Class I hazardous waste injection well specifically identified as Spent Pickle Liquor No. 1; and of waste ammonia liquor (codes D010, D018 or D038...

2010-10-25

74

Household Hazardous Waste  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will survey their homes for hazardous materials and tally the results as a class. They will use the Web to find out about proper waste disposal methods and the potential consequences of improper disposal. Students will conclude by creating pamphlets or multimedia presentations showing what they have learned.

75

Health effects of hazardous chemical waste disposal sites in New Jersey and in the United States: a review.  

PubMed

The hazardous chemical waste disposal issue is a widespread problem. Large quantities of chemical wastes have been produced by the chemical industries in the past forty years. Estimates now number disposal sites in the United States at least 30,000. The public and scientists have grown increasingly concerned about the effects of these waste disposal sites not only on the environment, but also on the human body. In this article, we review the number of hazardous chemical waste disposal sites (HCWDS), their construction, difficulties in defining their contents, and the establishment of the Superfund Act. We then discuss various studies in the literature that have attempted to define adverse health effects of HCWDS, particularly those examining Love Canal and sites in New Jersey. In our conclusions, we note the difficulties in establishing direct causal links between HCWDS and dangerous health effects. We suggest that more epidemiological studies are needed, with improved methodology for gathering complete data and studying large samples. Both positive and negative findings of epidemiological studies are important. Positive results will substantiate an association of health effects with HCWDS. Negative results may reduce the concerns of people living near HCWDS. Future investigators need sufficient information about HCWDS materials, possible routes of exposure, and measurements of exposure, as well as sufficient statistical power to detect even modest associations of health effects with HCWDS exposure. PMID:1790043

Najem, G R; Cappadona, J L

1991-01-01

76

REVISION AND UPDATE OF METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING EXPOSURE AND RISK FROM LAND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

As a result of their regulatory reform efforts, the Office of Solid Waste (OS) has recently (11/99) introduced a new open-architecture, multimedia, multi-pathway, and multi-receptor exposure and risk assessment methodology designed to support their Hazardous Waste Identification ...

77

LAND DISPOSAL, REMEDIAL ACTION, INCINERATION AND TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL RESEARCH SYNPOSIUM (14TH) HELD AT CINCINNATI, OHIO, MAY 9-11, 1988  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Symposium was to present the latest significant research findings from ongoing and recently completed projects funded by the Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (RREL). These Proceedings are organized in four sections: Session A, Hazardous Waste Land Disposal...

78

Waste disposal options report. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the potential options for the processing and disposal of mixed waste generated by reprocessing spent nuclear fuel at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. It compares the proposed waste-immobilization processes, quantifies and characterizes the resulting waste forms, identifies potential disposal sites and their primary acceptance criteria, and addresses disposal issues for hazardous waste.

Russell, N.E.; McDonald, T.G.; Banaee, J.; Barnes, C.M.; Fish, L.W.; Losinski, S.J.; Peterson, H.K.; Sterbentz, J.W.; Wenzel, D.R.

1998-02-01

79

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X1.11 Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures  

E-print Network

Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedure 24.01.01.X1.11 Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X1.11 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A hazardous waste management program shall

80

UNCERTAINTY AND SENSITIVITY ANALYSES FOR INTEGRATED HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL  

EPA Science Inventory

While there is a high potential for exposure of humans and ecosystems to chemicals released from hazardous waste sites, the degree to which this potential is realized is often uncertain. Conceptually divided among parameter, model, and modeler uncertainties imparted during simula...

81

PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF INCINERATORS AND HIGH TEMPERATURE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES DISPOSING HAZARDOUS WASTE IN THE UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1982, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been conducting performance assessments of hazardous waste thermal destruction facilities in the United States. The principal objective of these tests has been to characterize emissions and determine if these faciliti...

82

COMBUSTION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

Of the 260 MMT of hazardous waste generated annually in the United States, 1.70 MMT are disposed of in incinerators, 3.50 MMT are burned in boilers and 0.35 MMT are burned in other industrial processes. The paper is an overview of the technologies that can be used to combust haza...

83

Hazardous Waste Facilities\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent widely publicized studies claim facilities for treatment, storage, and disposal of hazard ous wastes (TSDFs) are located in areas with higher than average proportions of minorities, thereby exposing minorities to relatively greater levels of potential risk. These claims have influenced national policies and public perceptions. This article revisits those claims in the first national study of TSDFs to use

Douglas L. Anderton; Andy B. Anderson; Peter H. Rossi; John Michael Oakes; Michael R. Fraser; Eleanor W. Weber; Edward J. Calabrese

1994-01-01

84

Editor's Page: Management of Hazardous Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the problem of management of hazardous waste disposal. Included are various federal laws and congressional kills pertinent to the problem of hazardous waste disposal. Suggested is cooperation between government and the chemical industry to work for a comprehensive solution to waste disposal. (DS)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1980

1980-01-01

85

Please do not submit latex paint to EHS for hazardous waste collections. Thousands of tax dollars are spent each year disposing of latex paint as hazardous when, in fact, it is not  

E-print Network

Please do not submit latex paint to EHS for hazardous waste collections. Thousands of tax dollars are spent each year disposing of latex paint as hazardous when, in fact, it is not hazardous. Use it up! Small amounts of paint can be mixed with other colors or bulked together and used as a primer coat

Fischer, Emily V.

86

Household hazardous waste disposal project. Metro toxicant program report number 1a. Summary report. Final report 1981-82  

SciTech Connect

The Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Project was an interagency effort to reduce the amount of toxicants entering the environment by developing a control plan for the safe disposal of small quantities of household chemicals. This Summary provides an overview of this problem and the steps taken to develop the control plan. The legal framework controlling the contents, labelling, and disposal of household toxic substances is reviewed in some detail. A brief examination of the contents, health effects, and environmental fate of four classes of consumer products (pesticides, paint products, household cleaners, and automotive products) is provided. The literature was reviewed for studies which document the potential for environmental contamination from disposal of these consumer products through landfilling, septic tank, or sewerage system disposal. A synopsis is provided of the surveys and pilot project that were conducted in the local Seattle metropolitan area. Finally, the elements of the regional control plan are described along with recommendations for future action. Similar programs around the country are noted and contacts provided.

Ridgley, S.M.; Galvin, D.V.

1982-08-01

87

Hazardous Waste Management Overview The Five L's  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Management Overview The Five L's CoLLect CoLLect all hazardous chemical waste and submit a chemical waste pick-up request form for proper disposal. Periodically evaluate your chemical are unsure if your chemical waste is a Hazardous Waste, consult EH&S at hazmat@columbia.edu. DO

Jia, Songtao

88

ANALYSIS OF GEOTHERMAL WASTES FOR HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Regulations governing the disposal of hazardous wastes led to an assessment for geothermal solid wastes for potentially hazardous properties. Samples were collected from three active geothermal sites in the western United States: The Geysers, Imperial Valley, and northwestern Nev...

89

40 CFR 257.5 - Disposal standards for owners/operators of non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. 257.5 Section...of Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) Wastes at Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. (a)...

2014-07-01

90

40 CFR 257.5 - Disposal standards for owners/operators of non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. 257.5 Section...of Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) Wastes at Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. (a)...

2012-07-01

91

40 CFR 257.5 - Disposal standards for owners/operators of non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. 257.5 Section...of Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) Wastes at Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. (a)...

2013-07-01

92

40 CFR 257.5 - Disposal standards for owners/operators of non-municipal non-hazardous waste disposal units that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. 257.5 Section...of Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) Wastes at Non-Municipal Non-Hazardous...receive Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) waste. (a)...

2011-07-01

93

GUIDELINES FOR HANDLING HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE  

E-print Network

GUIDELINES FOR HANDLING HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE The proper management of hazardous waste waste containers, flushed down the drain or otherwise inappropriately disposed of. If there is any doubt to store hazardous waste is acceptable. If assistance is needed for selection, contact the departmental

Tennessee, University of

94

Hydrogeology of a hazardous-waste disposal site near Brentwood, Williamson County, Tennessee  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Approximately 44,000 gal of industrial solvent wastes were disposed in pits on a farm near Brentwood, Tennessee, in 1978, and contaminants were reported in the soil and shallow groundwater on the site in 1985. In order for the State to evaluate possible remedial-action alternatives, an 18-month study was conducted to define the hydrogeologic setting of the site and surrounding area. The area is underlain by four hydrogeologic units: (1) an upper aquifer consisting of saturated regolith, Bigby-Cannon Limestone, and weathered Hermitage Formation; (2) the Hermitage confining unit; (3) a lower aquifer consisting of the Carters Limestone; and (4) the Lebanon confining unit. Wells generally are low yielding less than 1 gal/min ), although locally the aquifers may yield as much as 80 gal/minute. This lower aquifer is anisotropic, and transmissivity of this aquifer is greatest in a northwest-southeast direction. Recharge to the groundwater system is primarily from precipitation, and estimates of average annual recharge rates range from 6 to 15 inches/year. Discharge from the groundwater system is primarily to the Little Harpeth River and its tributaries. Groundwater flow at the disposal site is mainly to a small topographic depression that drains the site. Geochemical data indicate four distinct water types. These types represent (1) shallow, rapidly circulating groundwater; (2) deeper (> than 100 ft), rapidly circulating groundwater; (3) shallow, slow moving groundwater; and (4) deeper, slow moving groundwater. Results of the numerical model indicate that most flow is in the upper aquifer. (USGS)

Tucci, Patrick; Hanchar, D.W.; Lee, R.W.

1990-01-01

95

Preliminary investigation on the suitablity of using fiber reinforced concrete in the construction of a hazardous waste disposal vessel  

SciTech Connect

There are certain hazardous wastes that must be contained in an extremely secure vessel for transportation and disposal. The vessel, among other things, must be able to withstand relatively large impacts without rupturing. Such containment vessels therefore must be able to absorb substantial amounts of energy during an impact and still perform their function. One of the impacts that the vessel must withstand is a 30-foot fall onto an unyielding surface. For some disposal scenarios it is proposed to encase the waste in a steel enclosure which is to be surrounded by a thick layer of concrete which, in turn, is encased by a relatively thin steel shell. Tests on concrete in compression and flexure, including static, dynamic and impact tests, have shown that low modulus concretes tend to behave in a less brittle manner than higher modulus concretes. Tests also show that fiber reinforced concretes have significantly greater ductility, crack propagation resistance and toughness than conventional concretes. Since it is known that concrete is a reasonably brittle material, it is necessary to do impact tests on sample containment structures consisting of thin-walled metal containers having closed ends which are filled with concrete, grout, or fiber reinforced concrete. This report presents the results of simple tests aimed at observing the behavior of sample containment structures subjected to impacts due to a fall from 30 feet. 8 figs., 4 tabs.

Ramey, M.R.; Daie-e, G.

1988-07-01

96

HAZARDOUS WASTE [Written Program  

E-print Network

HAZARDOUS WASTE MANUAL [Written Program] Cornell University [10/7/13 #12;Hazardous Waste Program........................................................................................................................ 6 2.3 Waste Generator Responsibilities ..................................................................................................... 7 2.7 Departments That Choose Collect and Consolidate Waste

Pawlowski, Wojtek

97

Elimination of the hazards from hazardous wastes.  

PubMed Central

The "hazard" associated with a waste essentially controls the overall engineering approach to finding suitable alternatives for solving potential disposal problems. It should be recognized that all factors affecting environmental equilibrium must be considered, including product sales, process design, financing, pre- and end-of-pipe treatment, residuals management, and ultimate bioaccumulation of residuals. To meet this challenge, a systems approach to waste treatment and residuals disposal provides a logical approach, but this management concept requires a thorough understanding of the important physical and chemical aspects of the problem, as well as many social implications of the resulting decisions. Thus waste management within a plant necessarily involves process control, pretreatment and end-of-pipe treatment. Further, it follows that residuals management from a disposal point-of-view must ultimately embrace what is called the "multi-barrier concept." In essence, hazard elimination occurs in varying degrees during each phase of a properly engineered system. PMID:738249

Gloyna, E F; Taylor, R D

1978-01-01

98

LAND DISPOSAL, REMEDIAL ACTION, INCINERATION AND TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM (13TH) HELD AT CINCINNATI, OHIO ON MAY 6-8, 1987  

EPA Science Inventory

The Thirteenth Annual Research Symposium on Land Disposal, Remedial Action, Incineration and Treatment of Hazardous Waste was held in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 6-8, 1987. The purpose of the Symposium was to present the latest significant research findings of ongoing and recently comp...

99

LAND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM (10TH) AT FT. MITCHELL, KENTUCKY HELD ON APRIL 3-5, 1984  

EPA Science Inventory

The Tenth Annual Research Symposium on land disposal, remedial action, incineration and treatment of hazardous waste was held in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky April 3 through 5, 1984. The purpose of the Symposium was to present the latest significant research findings of ongoing and re...

100

LEARNERS GUIDE FOR RESPONSIBLE HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE  

E-print Network

1 LEARNERS GUIDE FOR RESPONSIBLE HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER March 28, 2012 December 26, 2012 #12;2 CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT Rationale: The government, through the effects of improper hazardous waste management and disposal. Each person who works with hazardous

Portman, Douglas

101

ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT METHODS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

The five-year schedule for the minimization and restrictions on the disposal of hazardous wastes onto the land is described. Two major items are causing a shift in the way hazardous wastes are managed in the United States. Because of liability for hazardous wastes, companies are ...

102

Participation in a Household Hazardous Waste Collection Drive and "Before" and "After" Public Knowledge and Disposal Practices: Champaign County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which households use, store, and dispose of hazardous materials has become a matter of increasing concern but has been rarely assessed. This report provides an assessment of the first household hazardous materials publicity campaign and collection event held in Illinois. The report describes survey results concerning the state of

Liebert, Roland J.

103

PRETREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes the waste applicability and performance characteristics of hazardous waste pretreatment processes. Pretreatment processes are those unit operations which must often be carried out on hazardous wastes to make them amenable to subsequent materials or energy rec...

104

Control technology assessment of hazardous waste disposal operations in chemicals manufacturing: walk-through survey report of Olin Chemicals Group, Charleston, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

A walk through survey was conducted to assess control technology for hazardous wastes disposal operations at Olin Chemicals Group (SIC-2800, SIC-2812, SIC-2819), Charleston, Tennessee in May 1982. Hazardous wastes generated at the facility included brine sludge, thick mercury (7439954) (Hg) butter, and calcium-hypochlorite (7778543). An estimated 8500 tons of waste were disposed of annually. The Hg waste underwent a retorting process that recycled the Hg. The final detoxified waste was land filled. Brine sludge and calcium-hypochlorite were also land filled. No controls beyond those normally used at such sites were found at the landfills. Periodic monitoring of Hg vapor concentrations was conducted by the company. Medical monitoring of urine for Hg exposure was conducted. Specific limits were set for urinary Hg concentrations. When these limits were exceeded the workers were removed from exposure. Personal protective equipment consisted of hard hats, safety glasses, and spirators specially designed for Hg exposure. The author concludes that the hazardous waste disposal and treatment operations at the facility are well controlled.

Crandall, M.S.

1983-08-01

105

Household hazardous waste disposal project. Metro toxicant program report number 1c. Public opinions and actions. Final report 1981-82  

SciTech Connect

As part of Metro's Household Hazardous Waste Disposal Project, a pilot study was conducted in the Seattle area to determine public awareness of and attitudes about the issues of toxic/hazardous substances in the home and their safe disposal. Metro also wished to determine actual response to a collection program in a brief, neighborhood test. An initial telephone survey was conducted in the Seattle metropolitan area and the test neighborhood. A three-week collection project for pesticides, solvents, and used motor oil was run in the 4000 household neighborhood in February, 1982, followed by a telephone survey to help interpret project results. This report describes the preparation, procedures, and findings of the surveys and pilot study. Recommendations have been developed for a regional education and collection system for household hazardous wastes in the Seattle/King County area.

Galvin, D.V.; Guss, L.; Leraas, J.L.

1982-08-01

106

Waste Management and Disposal for Artists and Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Artists, art teachers, and students need to understand the problems associated with disposing of waste materials, some of which may be hazardous. The waste products of art projects, even if non-hazardous, also use up space in overloaded landfills. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets forth guidelines for disposing of hazardous wastes.

Babin, Angela; McCann, Michael

107

EPA Sets Rules on Hazardous Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Announces the final rules published by the Environmental Protection Agency requiring that generators, transporters, and disposers of hazardous wastes report exactly where the wastes will be taken. (Author/SA)

Smith, R. Jeffrey

1980-01-01

108

Vadose zone monitoring for hazardous waste sites  

SciTech Connect

This book is a review and evaluation of vadose (unsaturated) zone monitoring. It describes the applicability of selected monitoring methods to hazardous waste disposal sites. Topics covered include: geohydrologic framework of the vadose zone; premonitoring of storage at disposal sites; premonitoring of water movement at disposal sites; active and abandoned site monitoring methods; waste source pollutant characterization; geohydrologic settings for waste disposals and conceptual vadose zone monitoring descriptions.

Everett, L.G.

1984-01-01

109

Radioactive waste disposal package  

DOEpatents

A radioactive waste disposal package comprising a canister for containing vitrified radioactive waste material and a sealed outer shell encapsulating the canister. A solid block of filler material is supported in said shell and convertible into a liquid state for flow into the space between the canister and outer shell and subsequently hardened to form a solid, impervious layer occupying such space.

Lampe, Robert F. (Bethel Park, PA)

1986-01-01

110

The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims  

E-print Network

Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

Kammen, Daniel M.

111

The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims  

E-print Network

Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

Kammen, Daniel M.

112

HAZARDOUS WASTE LABEL DEPAUL UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

HAZARDOUS WASTE LABEL DEPAUL UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY 5-4170 Corrosive Non- Hazardous Ignitable Reactive Toxic Oxidizer Other ( explain ) Generator Building Dept. HAZARDOUS WASTE LABEL DEPAUL UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY 5-4170 HAZARDOUS WASTE LABEL DEPAUL UNIVERSITY

Schaefer, Marcus

113

Nuclear waste disposal site  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a disposal site for the disposal of toxic or radioactive waste, comprising: (a) a trench in the earth having a substantially flat bottom lined with a layer of solid, fluent, coarse, granular material having a high hydraulic conductivity for obstructing any capillary-type flow of ground water to the interior of the trench; (b) a non-rigid, radiation-blocking cap

C. W. Mallory; R. E. Watts; W. S. Jr. Sanner; J. B. Paladino; A. W. Lilley; S. J. Winston; B. C. Stricklin; J. E. Razor

1988-01-01

114

40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions...munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the...

2011-07-01

115

40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions...munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the...

2012-07-01

116

40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions...munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the...

2014-07-01

117

40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions...munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the...

2013-07-01

118

40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions...munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the...

2010-07-01

119

Hazardous Waste Management Training  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Management Training Persons (including faculty, staff and students) working be thoroughly familiar with waste handling and emergency procedures ap- plicable to their job responsibilities before handling hazardous waste. Departments are re- quired to keep records of training for as long

Dai, Pengcheng

120

Disposal of radioactive waste  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for charging radioactive waste into a disposable steel drum having a plug type lid. The drum is sealed to a waste dispenser and the dispenser closure and lid are withdrawn into the dispenser in back-to-back manner. Before reclosing the dispenser the drum is urged closer to it so that on restoring the dispenser closure to the closed position the lid is pressed into the drum opening.

Critchley, R.J.; Swindells, R.J.

1984-05-01

121

HANDBOOK ON TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE LEACHATE  

EPA Science Inventory

Various treatment processes were evaluated for their applicability and effectiveness in treating leachate from hazardous waste land disposal facilities. These technologies include activated sludge treatment, air stripping, carbon adsorption, flow equalization, granular media filt...

122

UW-Approved Waste Disposal, Recycling and Treatment Sites Hazardous waste disposal at the University of Washington is coordinated by the EH&S Environmental Programs Office  

E-print Network

, 2013. Petroleum-contaminated soil Rabanco/Allied Waste Landfill Roosevelt, WA Waste Management, Columbia Ridge Landfill Arlington, Oregon Cemex (formerly CSR, Rinker) Thermal desorption Everett, WA La Everett, WA Material suitable for solid waste landfill (Subtitle D) including material containing

Wilcock, William

123

Radioactive waste material disposal  

DOEpatents

The invention is a process for direct conversion of solid radioactive waste, particularly spent nuclear fuel and its cladding, if any, into a solidified waste glass. A sacrificial metal oxide, dissolved in a glass bath, is used to oxidize elemental metal and any carbon values present in the waste as they are fed to the bath. Two different modes of operation are possible, depending on the sacrificial metal oxide employed. In the first mode, a regenerable sacrificial oxide, e.g., PbO, is employed, while the second mode features use of disposable oxides such as ferric oxide. 3 figs.

Forsberg, C.W.; Beahm, E.C.; Parker, G.W.

1995-10-24

124

Radioactive waste material disposal  

DOEpatents

The invention is a process for direct conversion of solid radioactive waste, particularly spent nuclear fuel and its cladding, if any, into a solidified waste glass. A sacrificial metal oxide, dissolved in a glass bath, is used to oxidize elemental metal and any carbon values present in the waste as they are fed to the bath. Two different modes of operation are possible, depending on the sacrificial metal oxide employed. In the first mode, a regenerable sacrificial oxide, e.g., PbO, is employed, while the second mode features use of disposable oxides such as ferric oxide.

Forsberg, Charles W. (155 Newport Dr., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Beahm, Edward C. (106 Cooper Cir., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Parker, George W. (321 Dominion Cir., Knoxville, TN 37922)

1995-01-01

125

Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company's hazardous waste program.  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses the present hazardous waste program of 3M Company (Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company). 3M's definition of hazardous waste and the company's position on hazardous waste disposal are first considered. The company position is that wherever and whenever the disposal of a waste material threatens the environment or public safety, then that waste should be considered a hazardous waste and treated accordingly in terms of its handling and ultimate disposal. The generation of hazardous wastes and the differentiation of "hazardous" and "nonhazardous" wastes are described next. Handling of hazardous wastes from their generation to their disposal is then covered. This includes a definition of internal 3M terminology and a description of the hazard rating system used by the company. Finally, 3M disposal practices are presented. It is 3M's position that thermal destruction of hazardous wastes, where appropriate, is the best method for their disposal. With this in mind, 3M has constructed incineration facilities throughout the country. The rotary kiln incinerator at the 3M Chemolite plant in Cottage Grove, Minnesota is briefly described. Disposal of certain hazardous wastes in controlled secure land disposal sites is then briefly discussed. PMID:738241

Van Noordwyk, H J; Santoro, M A

1978-01-01

126

Validation of an in situ solidification/stabilization technique for hazardous barium and cyanide waste for safe disposal into a secured landfill.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to devise and validate an appropriate treatment process for disposal of hazardous barium and cyanide waste into a landfill at a Common Hazardous Waste Treatment Storage Disposal Facility (CHWTSDF). The waste was generated during the process of hardening of steel components and contains cyanide (reactive) and barium (toxic) as major contaminants. In the present study chemical fixation of the contaminants was carried out. The cyanide was treated by alkali chlorination with calcium hypochlorite and barium by precipitation with sodium sulfate as barium sulfate. The pretreated mixture was then solidified and stabilized by binding with a combination of slag cement, ordinary Portland cement and fly ash, molded into blocks (5 x 5 x 5 cm) and cured for a period of 3, 7 and 28 days. The final experiments were conducted with 18 recipe mixtures of waste + additive:binder (W:B) ratios. The W:B ratios were taken as 80:20, 70:30 and 50:50. The optimum proportions of additives and binders were finalized on the basis of the criteria of unconfined compressive strength and leachability. The leachability studies were conducted using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure. The blocks were analyzed for various physical and leachable chemical parameters at the end of each curing period. Based on the results of the analysis, two recipe mixtures, with compositions - 50% of [waste + (120 g Ca(OCl)(2) + 290 g Na(2)SO(4)) kg(-1) of waste] + 50% of binders, were validated for in situ stabilization into a secured landfill of CHWTSDF. PMID:20430516

Vaidya, Rucha; Kodam, Kisan; Ghole, Vikram; Surya Mohan Rao, K

2010-09-01

127

Chemical Disposal The Office of Environmental Health & Safety operates a Chemical Waste Disposal Program  

E-print Network

Chemical Disposal Dec, 2011 Chemicals: The Office of Environmental Health & Safety operates a Chemical Waste Disposal Program where all University chemical waste is picked up and sent out for proper disposal. (There are some chemicals that they will not take because of their extreme hazards

Machel, Hans

128

LAND DISPOSAL, REMEDIAL ACTION, INCINERATION AND TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM (12TH) HELD AT CINCINNATI, OHIO ON APRIL 21-23, 1986  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the Symposium was to present the latest significant research findings of ongoing and recently completed projects funded by the Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory (HWERL) to persons concerned with hazardous waste management. These proceedings are for Se...

129

40 CFR 265.352 - Interim status incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. 265.352 Section 265...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. (a) Owners or...

2012-07-01

130

40 CFR 265.352 - Interim status incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. 265.352 Section 265...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. (a) Owners or...

2014-07-01

131

40 CFR 265.352 - Interim status incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. 265.352 Section 265...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. (a) Owners or...

2013-07-01

132

40 CFR 258.20 - Procedures for excluding the receipt of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for excluding the receipt of hazardous waste. 258.20 Section 258...for excluding the receipt of hazardous waste. (a) Owners or operators...preventing the disposal of regulated hazardous wastes as defined in part 261 of...

2013-07-01

133

Optimization of regional hazardous waste management systems: an improved formulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning and design of regional hazardous waste management system (RHWMS) involves selection of treatment and disposal facilities, allocation of hazardous wastes and waste residues from generator to the treatment and disposal sites and selection of the transportation routes. An improved formulation based upon multi-objective integer programming approach is presented to arrive at the optimal configuration of RHWMS components. This

Arvind K. Nema; S. K. Gupta

1999-01-01

134

CONTROLLING THE EPIDEMIC OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

The disposal of waste products by man has led to the contamination of soil and ground-water. Problems associated with the disposal of hazardous waste are of major concern. Using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's definition of hazardous waste, the contamination of soils a...

135

Federal and State Laws on Hazardous Waste  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity familiarizes students with legislation on hazardous waste, how it is developed, enacted, implemented, and enforced in the United States. Students discover that hazardous waste comes from a variety of sources, from both present and past activities. They also learn that years ago, before we understood the dangers of hazardous waste, there were no laws controlling its disposal and many businesses simply threw out their hazardous waste with the rest of their trash, into landfills, rivers or lakes. Congress created the Superfund Program to investigate and clean up hazardous waste sites nationwide. Students gain an understanding of how hazardous waste cleanup laws are enacted and intended to function by creating a statute and set of regulations that parallel the issues covered by Superfund.

136

Space disposal of nuclear wastes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DOE has been studying several options for nuclear waste disposal, among them space disposal, which NASA has been assessing. Attention is given to space disposal destinations noting that a circular heliocentric orbit about halfway between Earth and Venus is the reference option in space disposal studies. Discussion also covers the waste form, showing that parameters to be considered include high waste loading, high thermal conductivity, thermochemical stability, resistance to leaching, fabrication, resistance to oxidation and to thermal shock. Finally, the Space Shuttle nuclear waste disposal mission profile is presented.

Priest, C. C.; Nixon, R. F.; Rice, E. E.

1980-01-01

137

Mixed waste disposal facilities at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a key installation of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The site is managed by DOE`s Savannah River Field Office and operated under contract by the Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). The Site`s waste management policies reflect a continuing commitment to the environment. Waste minimization, recycling, use of effective pre-disposal treatments, and repository monitoring are high priorities at the site. One primary objective is to safely treat and dispose of process wastes from operations at the site. To meet this objective, several new projects are currently being developed, including the M-Area Waste Disposal Project (Y-Area) which will treat and dispose of mixed liquid wastes, and the Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Disposal Facility (HW/MWDF), which will store, treat, and dispose of solid mixed and hazardous wastes. This document provides a description of this facility and its mission.

Wells, M.N.; Bailey, L.L.

1991-12-31

138

Mixed waste disposal facilities at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a key installation of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The site is managed by DOE's Savannah River Field Office and operated under contract by the Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). The Site's waste management policies reflect a continuing commitment to the environment. Waste minimization, recycling, use of effective pre-disposal treatments, and repository monitoring are high priorities at the site. One primary objective is to safely treat and dispose of process wastes from operations at the site. To meet this objective, several new projects are currently being developed, including the M-Area Waste Disposal Project (Y-Area) which will treat and dispose of mixed liquid wastes, and the Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Disposal Facility (HW/MWDF), which will store, treat, and dispose of solid mixed and hazardous wastes. This document provides a description of this facility and its mission.

Wells, M.N.; Bailey, L.L.

1991-01-01

139

Leaching behaviour of hazardous demolition waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demolition wastes are generally disposed of in unlined landfills for inert waste. However, demolition wastes are not just inert wastes. Indeed, a small fraction of demolition waste contains components that are hazardous to human health and the environment, e.g., lead-based paint, mercury-contained in fluorescent lamps, treated wood, and asbestos. The objective of this study is to evaluate the release potential

Nicolas Roussat; Jacques Mhu; Mohamed Abdelghafour; Pascal Brula

2008-01-01

140

Bacteriological hazards of disposable bedpan systems  

PubMed Central

A system using disposable papier mach bedpans and urinals in hospital has advantages of ease of handling for the nurse and cleanliness for the patient. Disposal of the bedpans and their contents is by destruction and flushing to waste. Some bacteriological hazards of this process in the Haigh Sluicemaster and J.M.L. Clinimatic machines are assessed, particularly the dispersal of the contents in spray and aerosol during opening, closing, and running the machines. Various safety devices were tested and some deficiencies are discussed. A major defect in the system is the need at present for a bedpan carrier or support which is not disposable and requires cleaning and disinfection. Minor problems include ordering and storing bulky items, possibly the texture of the bedpans themselves, and perhaps the effect of the bulk of paper discharged into the sewage system. At present the system seems unsuitable for use in infectious disease hospitals and has some deficiencies in use in general wards. The improvements suggested would greatly increase its acceptability which should then be completely re-assessed. To this end the examination of improved models using totally disposable bedpans is proceeding. Images PMID:4696834

Gibson, G. L.

1973-01-01

141

Laboratory Waste Disposal Manual. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to provide laboratory personnel with information about chemical hazards and ways of disposing of chemical wastes with minimum contamination of the environment. The manual contains a reference chart section which has alphabetical listings of some 1200 chemical substances with information on the health, fire and reactivity

Stephenson, F. G., Ed.

142

Radioactive waste disposal and geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is an excellent, well-presented treatise on the nature and types of radioactive wastes, disposal alternatives and strategies, radionuclide release and disposal models, geologic repositories, natural analogues, subsea-bed options, and low-level wastes. The authors provide national and international perspectives on radioactive waste disposal problems. They carefully dissected each issue, treating its pros and cons equally. Moreover, they is careful

K. B. Krauskopf

1988-01-01

143

Mixed waste characterization, treatment & disposal focus area  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Mixed Waste Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal Focus Area (referred to as the Mixed Waste Focus Area or MWFA) is to provide treatment systems capable of treating DOE`s mixed waste in partnership with users, and with continual participation of stakeholders, tribal governments, and regulators. The MWFA deals with the problem of eliminating mixed waste from current and future storage in the DOE complex. Mixed waste is waste that contains both hazardous chemical components, subject to the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and radioactive components, subject to the requirements of the Atomic Energy Act. The radioactive components include transuranic (TRU) and low-level waste (LLW). TRU waste primarily comes from the reprocessing of spent fuel and the use of plutonium in the fabrication of nuclear weapons. LLW includes radioactive waste other than uranium mill tailings, TRU, and high-level waste, including spent fuel.

NONE

1996-08-01

144

Special Report: Hazardous Wastes in Academic Labs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics and issues related to toxic wastes in academic laboratories are addressed, pointing out that colleges/universities are making efforts to dispose of hazardous wastes safely to comply with tougher federal regulations. University sites on the Environmental Protection Agency Superfund National Priorities List, costs, and use of lab packs are

Sanders, Howard J.

1986-01-01

145

HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITIES, NEUSE RIVER WATERSHED, NC  

EPA Science Inventory

Locations of treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs). These facilities are regulated under the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and must have a RCRA permit issued by the Division of Waste Management, Hazardous Waste Section to operat...

146

Greater confinement disposal of radioactive wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) includes a broad spectrum of different radionuclide concentrations, half-lives, and hazards. Standard shallow-land burial practice can provide adequate protection of public health and safety for most LLW. A small volume fraction (approx. 1%) containing most of the activity inventory (approx. 90%) requires specific measures known as greater-confinement disposal (GCD). Different site characteristics and different waste characteristics

L. E. Trevorrow; T. L. Gilbert; C. Luner; P. A. Merry-Libby; N. K. Meshkov; C. Yu

1985-01-01

147

Final disposal of radioactive waste  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the origin and properties of radioactive waste as well as its classification scheme (low-level waste - LLW, intermediate-level waste - ILW, high-level waste - HLW) are presented. The various options for conditioning of waste of different levels of radioactivity are reviewed. The composition, radiotoxicity and reprocessing of spent fuel and their effect on storage and options for final disposal are discussed. The current situation of final waste disposal in a selected number of countries is mentioned. Also, the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency with regard to the development and monitoring of international safety standards for both spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management is described.

Freiesleben, H.

2013-06-01

148

ACTIVATED SLUDGE TREATMENT OF SELECTED AQUEOUS ORGANIC HAZARDOUS WASTE COMPOUNDS  

EPA Science Inventory

As a result of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and the concurrent land disposal restrictions rule, EPA is in the process of demonstrating achievable treatment techniques to be used as alternatives to the land disposal of hazardous wastes. ata are being collected ...

149

RFID technology for hazardous waste management and tracking.  

PubMed

The illegal dumping of hazardous waste is one of the most concerning occurrences related to illegal waste activities. The waste management process is quite vulnerable, especially when it comes to assuring the right destination for the delivery of the hazardous waste. The purpose of this paper is to present a new system design and prototype for applying the RFID technology so as to guarantee the correct destination for the hazardous waste delivery. The aim of this innovative approach, compared with other studies that employ the same technology to the waste disposal process, is to focus on the certification that the hazardous waste will be delivered to the right destination site and that no inappropriate disposal will occur in the transportation stage. These studies were carried out based on data collected during visits to two hazardous waste producer companies in Brazil, where the material transportation and delivery to a company in charge of the waste disposal were closely monitored. PMID:24879751

Namen, Anderson Amendoeira; Brasil, Felipe da Costa; Abrunhosa, Jorge Jos Gouveia; Abrunhosa, Glaucia Gomes Silva; Tarr, Ricardo Martinez; Marques, Flvio Jos Garcia

2014-09-01

150

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) contingency plan for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal units at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Y-12 RCRA Contingency Plan will be continually reviewed and revised if any of the following occur: the facility permit is revised, the plan is inadequate in an emergency, the procedures can be improved, the operations of the facility change in a way that alters the plan, the emergency coordinator changes, or the emergency equipment list changes. Copies of the Y-12 Emergency Management Plan are available at the Plant Shift Superintendent`s Office and the Emergency Management Office. This document serves to supplement the Y-12 Emergency Management Plan to be appropriate for all RCRA hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal units. The 90-day accumulation areas at the Y-12 Plant have a separate contingency supplement as required by RCRA and are separate from this supplement.

Not Available

1994-08-01

151

Technology transfer in hazardous waste management  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous waste is a growing problem in all parts of the world. Industrialized countries have had to deal with the treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes for many years. The newly industrializing countries of the world are now faced with immediate problems of waste handling. The developing nations of the world are looking at increasing quantities of hazardous waste generation as they move toward higher levels of industrialization. Available data are included on hazardous waste generation in Asia and the Pacific as a function of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Although there are many inconsistencies in the data (inconsistent hazardous waste definitions, inconsistent reporting of wastes, etc.) there is definite indication that a growing economy tends to lead toward larger quantities of hazardous waste generation. In developing countries the industrial sector is growing at a faster rate than in the industrialized countries. In 1965 industry accounted for 29% of GDP in the developing countries of the world. In 1987 this had grown to 37% of GDP. In contrast, industry accounted for 40% of GDP in 1965 in industrialized countries and dropped to 35% in 1987. This growth in industrial activity in the developing countries brings an increase in the need to handle hazardous wastes. Although hazardous wastes are ubiquitous, the control of hazardous wastes varies. The number of regulatory options used by various countries in Asia and the Pacific to control wastes are included. It is evident that the industrialized countries, with a longer history of having to deal with hazardous wastes, have found the need to use more mechanisms to control them. 2 refs., 2 figs.

Drucker, H.

1989-01-01

152

HAZARD ASSESSMENT RESEARCH STRATEGY FOR OCEAN DISPOSAL  

EPA Science Inventory

A decision rationale for ocean disposal based on a predictive hazard assessment research strategy is presented. he conceptual framework for hazard assessment is outlined, and its major components are identified and discussed. he strategy involves the synthesis of results from sep...

153

40 CFR 265.352 - Interim status incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...incinerators burning particular hazardous wastes. 265.352 Section 265.352 Protection...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) INTERIM STATUS STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...

2011-07-01

154

HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTE CHARACTERIZATION STUDY FOR PALM BEACH COUNTY, FLORIDA: A MITE PROGRAM EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The objectives of the Household hazardous Waste Characterization Study (the HHW Study) were to quantify the annual household hazardous waste (HHW) tonnages disposed in Palm Beach County, Florida's (the county) residential solid waste (characterized in this study as municipal soli...

155

77 FR 69765 - Colorado: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions AGENCY: Environmental...SUMMARY: The Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended, commonly referred...authorize states to operate their hazardous waste management programs in lieu of the...

2012-11-21

156

40 CFR 265.383 - Interim status thermal treatment devices burning particular hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...treatment devices burning particular hazardous waste. 265.383 Section 265.383 Protection...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) INTERIM STATUS STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...

2010-07-01

157

77 FR 65314 - Missouri: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions AGENCY: Environmental...SUMMARY: The Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended, commonly referred...authorize states to operate their hazardous waste management programs in lieu of the...

2012-10-26

158

Chemical Handling and Waste Disposal Issues at Liberal Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a survey of 20 liberal arts colleges which did not have graduate programs in chemistry are presented. Discussed are regulations, actions taken and costs of academic laboratories regarding the disposal of hazardous waste. (CW)

Gannaway, Susan P.

1990-01-01

159

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 24.01.01.A1.11 Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal Page 1 of 2 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures  

E-print Network

Life Extension Service Safety Coordinator will: 1. Administer the AgriLife Research Hazardous Waste Management Management Program. RELATED STATUTES, POLICIES, OR REQUIREMENTS System Policy 24.01, Risk Management System Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A hazardous waste management program shall be implemented to comply

160

CONTROLLING HAZARDOUS WASTES RESEARCH SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

This brochure contains a concise description of EPA's hazardous wastes research program. The 3-part discussion focuses on hazardous wastes identification, emergency response, and long-term control technologies....

161

ESTIMATING LEACHATE PRODUCTION FROM CLOSED HAZARDOUS WASTE LANDFILLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Hazardous wastes disposed of in landfills may continue to drain for several years after site closure. The report presents suitable analytical methods for predicting the flow of leachate to underdrains from closed hazardous waste landfills. Leachate sources include waste fluids as...

162

RSSC RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL 08/2011 7-1 RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL  

E-print Network

RSSC RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL 08/2011 7-1 CHAPTER 7 RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL PAGE I. Radioactive Waste Disposal ............................................................................................ 7-2 II. Radiation Control Technique #2 Instructions for Preparation of Radioactive Waste

Slatton, Clint

163

Vadose zone monitoring for hazardous waste sites  

SciTech Connect

This book describes the applicability of vadose zone monitoring techniques to hazardous waste site investigations. More than 70 different sampling and nonsampling vadose zone monitoring techniques are described in terms of their advantages and disadvantages. Physical, chemical, geologic, topographic, geohydrologic, and climatic constraints for vadose zone monitoring are quantitatively determined. Vadose zone monitoring techniques are categorized for premonitoring, active, and postclosure site assessments. Waste disposal methods are categorized for piles, landfills, impoundments, and land treatment. Conceptual vadose zone monitoring approaches are developed for specific waste disposal method categories.

Everett, L.G.; Wilson, L.G.; Hoylman, E.W.

1983-10-01

164

Optimization of Waste Disposal - 13338  

SciTech Connect

From 2009 through 2011, remediation of areas of a former fuel cycle facility used for government contract work was conducted. Remediation efforts were focused on building demolition, underground pipeline removal, contaminated soil removal and removal of contaminated sediments from portions of an on-site stream. Prior to conducting the remediation field effort, planning and preparation for remediation (including strategic planning for waste characterization and disposal) was conducted during the design phase. During the remediation field effort, waste characterization and disposal practices were continuously reviewed and refined to optimize waste disposal practices. This paper discusses strategic planning for waste characterization and disposal that was employed in the design phase, and continuously reviewed and refined to optimize efficiency. (authors)

Shephard, E.; Walter, N.; Downey, H. [AMEC E and I, Inc., 511 Congress Street, Suite 200, Portland, ME 04101 (United States)] [AMEC E and I, Inc., 511 Congress Street, Suite 200, Portland, ME 04101 (United States); Collopy, P. [AMEC E and I, Inc., 9210 Sky Park Court, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92123 (United States)] [AMEC E and I, Inc., 9210 Sky Park Court, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92123 (United States); Conant, J. [ABB Inc., 5 Waterside Crossing, Windsor, CT 06095 (United States)] [ABB Inc., 5 Waterside Crossing, Windsor, CT 06095 (United States)

2013-07-01

165

MEASUREMENT OF HYDROLYSIS RATE CONSTANTS FOR EVALUATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE LAND DISPOSAL. VOLUME 2. DATA ON 54 CHEMICALS  

EPA Science Inventory

To provide input data for a mathematical model to estimate potential groundwater contamination from chemicals in land disposal sites, hydrolysis rate constants were determined for 31 regulated chemicals under carefully controlled conditions. Hydrolysis rates were measured under s...

166

MEASUREMENT OF HYDROLYSIS RATE CONSTANTS FOR EVALUATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE LAND DISPOSAL. VOLUME 3. DATA ON 70 CHEMICALS  

EPA Science Inventory

To provide input data for a mathematical model to estimate potential groundwater contamination from chemicals in land disposal sites, hydrolysis rate constants were measured for 70 regulated chemicals under carefully controlled conditions. Hydrolysis rates were measured under ste...

167

MEASUREMENT OF HYDROLYSIS RATE CONSTANTS FOR EVALUATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE LAND DISPOSAL. VOLUME 1. DATA ON 32 CHEMICALS  

EPA Science Inventory

To provide input data for a mathematical model to estimate potential groundwater contamination from chemicals in land disposal sites, hydrolysis rate constants were determined for 26 regulated chemicals under carefully controlled conditions. Hydrolysis rates were measured under s...

168

Radioactivity and nuclear waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

The nature and consequences of ionising radiation are examined at the physical, biological and medical level. Accounts are given of the origins of radioactive waste in various countries around the world. Also investigated are the present policies adopted by various nations in their processing, storage and disposal practices. The presentation of the scientific basis allows discussion of the options for methods of disposal.

Lau, F.

1987-01-01

169

Characterization, minimization and disposal of radioactive, hazardous, and mixed wastes during cleanup and rransition of the Tritium Research Laboratory (TRL) at Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an outline of waste handling practices used during the Sandia National Laboratory/California (SNL/CA), Tritium Research Laboratory (TRL) Cleanup and Transition project. Here we provide background information concerning the history of the TRL and the types of operations that generated the waste. Listed are applicable SNL/CA site-wide and TRL local waste handling related procedures. We describe personnel training practices and outline methods of handling and disposal of compactible and non-compactible low level waste, solidified waste water, hazardous wastes and mixed wastes. Waste minimization, reapplication and recycling practices are discussed. Finally, we provide a description of the process followed to remove the highly contaminated decontamination systems. This document is intended as both a historical record and as a reference to other facilities who may be involved in similar work.

Garcia, T.B.; Gorman, T.P.

1996-12-01

170

Region 9: Solid Waste: Household Hazardous Waste  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's site on household hazardous waste stresses the importance of household waste awareness. Household waste may come from single or multiple family dwellings, hotels and motels, and other types of residences. This site answers frequently asked questions about the problem of discarding potentially hazardous wastes.

2008-10-20

171

Household Hazardous Waste Household hazardous waste is the discarded, unused, or leftover portion of household products  

E-print Network

. For example, buried wastes can filter down through the soil and contaminate groundwater. Plumbing systems can soil, plants and water. Some examples of hazardous wastes you may find around your house include home, there are proper ways to dispose of them. It is important to remember that bottles and containers

de Lijser, Peter

172

E-waste hazard: The impending challenge  

PubMed Central

Electronic waste or e-waste is one of the rapidly growing problems of the world. E-waste comprises of a multitude of components, some containing toxic substances that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment if not handled properly. In India, e-waste management assumes greater significance not only due to the generation of its own e-waste but also because of the dumping of e-waste from developed countries. This is coupled with India's lack of appropriate infrastructure and procedures for its disposal and recycling. This review article provides a concise overview of India's current e-waste scenario, namely magnitude of the problem, environmental and health hazards, current disposal and recycling operations, existing legal framework, organizations working on this issue and recommendations for action. PMID:20040981

Pinto, Violet N.

2008-01-01

173

High-Stakes Gamble: Hazardous Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges colleges to develop cost-effective strategies for complying with environmental legislation and protect themselves and their employees from financial liability. Explains the personal liability of school officials for unsafe hazardous waste disposal practices. Reviews environmental laws, impacts of Right to Know legislation, the increase of

Wallach, Paul

1987-01-01

174

76 FR 62303 - California: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Clarification of Standards for Hazardous Waste LDR Treatment Variances; (6) Treatment Standards...Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous...land disposal restrictions requirements: LDR Revision Checklist 195 (66 FR 58258,...

2011-10-07

175

75 FR 60398 - California: Proposed Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Clarification of Standards for Hazardous Waste LDR Treatment Variances; (6) Treatment Standards...Revision of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) Treatment Standards for Listed Hazardous...land disposal restrictions requirements: LDR Revision Checklist 195 (66 FR 58258,...

2010-09-30

176

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory: Contracts to Dispose of Laboratory Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a sample contract for disposing of hazardous wastes in an environmentally sound, timely manner in accordance with all federal, state, and local requirements. Addresses situations where hazardous waste must be disposed of outside the laboratory and where alternate disposal methods are not feasible. (JN)

Fischer, Kenneth E.

1985-01-01

177

Developments in management and technology of waste reduction and disposal.  

PubMed

Scandals and public dangers from the mismanagement and poor disposal of hazardous wastes during the 1960s and 1970s awakened the modern-day environmental movement. Influential publications such as "Silent Spring" and high-profile disposal failures, for example, Love Canal and Lekkerkerk, focused attention on the use of chemicals in everyday life and the potential dangers from inappropriate disposal. This attention has not abated and developments, invariably increasing expectations and tightening requirements, continue to be implemented. Waste, as a surrogate for environmental improvement, is a topic where elected representatives and administrations continually want to do more. This article will chart the recent changes in hazardous waste management emanating from the European Union legislation, now being implemented in Member States across the continent. These developments widen the range of discarded materials regarded as "hazardous," prohibit the use of specific chemicals, prohibit the use of waste management options, shift the emphasis from risk-based treatment and disposal to inclusive lists, and incorporate waste producers into more stringent regulatory regimes. The impact of the changes is also intended to provide renewed impetus for waste reduction. Under an environmental control system where only certainty is tolerated, the opportunities for innovation within the industry and the waste treatment and disposal sector will be explored. A challenging analysis will be offered on the impact of this regulation-led approach to the nature and sustainability of hazardous waste treatment and disposal in the future. PMID:17119227

Rushbrook, Philip

2006-09-01

178

Tank Waste Disposal Program redefinition  

SciTech Connect

The record of decision (ROD) (DOE 1988) on the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Hanford Defense High-Level, Transuranic and Tank Wastes, Hanford Site, Richland Washington identifies the method for disposal of double-shell tank waste and cesium and strontium capsules at the Hanford Site. The ROD also identifies the need for additional evaluations before a final decision is made on the disposal of single-shell tank waste. This document presents the results of systematic evaluation of the present technical circumstances, alternatives, and regulatory requirements in light of the values of the leaders and constitutents of the program. It recommends a three-phased approach for disposing of tank wastes. This approach allows mature technologies to be applied to the treatment of well-understood waste forms in the near term, while providing time for the development and deployment of successively more advanced pretreatment technologies. The advanced technologies will accelerate disposal by reducing the volume of waste to be vitrified. This document also recommends integration of the double-and single-shell tank waste disposal programs, provides a target schedule for implementation of the selected approach, and describes the essential elements of a program to be baselined in 1992.

Grygiel, M.L.; Augustine, C.A.; Cahill, M.A.; Garfield, J.S.; Johnson, M.E.; Kupfer, M.J.; Meyer, G.A.; Roecker, J.H. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Holton, L.K.; Hunter, V.L.; Triplett, M.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1991-10-01

179

DEFINITION OF A HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA has promulagated regulation establishing the criteria and characteristics of hazardous waste. The criteria established include the following factors: (1) the waste is associated with an identified waste stream or contains constituents which are identified in listings in...

180

Hazardous Waste Cleanup Methods  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity helps students understand some of the reasoning and science involved in choosing technologies for cleaning up Superfund hazardous waste sites. They discover that the responsibility for selecting the most appropriate cleanup method for a specific site rests with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Remedial Project Manager (RPM) or On-Scene Coordinator (OSC), with input from the affected community. An important step in this selection process is narrowing the field of alternatives and developing a list of options that make sense for dealing with the contamination at the site. The students analyze the pros and cons of using various technologies for cleaning up specific hazardous waste problems, weighing factors such as contaminant-specific requirements, technological limitations, reliability, cleanup time, and cost.

181

Geologic disposal of nuclear waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

The natural and engineered barriers provided by geologic storage of nuclear wastes are the most likely choice of countries looking for a permanent solution. A review of the properties of nuclear wastes and the management strategies that will protect the public and the environment describes the isolation and disposal systems and their geologic requirements. These include a host-rock formation of

K. Stahlkopf; R. Williams; A. B. Carson

1982-01-01

182

Assessing Hazardous Waste Transport Risks Using a GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transport phase is an often neglected element in the risk assessment of non-nuclear hazardous waste life cycles. Data on special and hazardous waste movements are difficult to acquire, but information collected by the London Waste Regulation Authority during the 1980s gives details of waste consignments from cradle to grave, including U.K. grid references for waste producer and disposal sites.

Julii Brainard; Andrew Lovett; Julian Parfitt

1996-01-01

183

Hazardous and toxic waste management in Botswana: practices and challenges.  

PubMed

Hazardous and toxic waste is a complex waste category because of its inherent chemical and physical characteristics. It demands for environmentally sound technologies and know-how as well as clean technologies that simultaneously manage and dispose it in an environmentally friendly way. Nevertheless, Botswana lacks a system covering all the critical steps from importation to final disposal or processing of hazardous and toxic waste owing to limited follow-up of the sources and types of hazardous and toxic waste, lack of modern and specialised treatment/disposal facilities, technical know-how, technically skilled manpower, funds and capabilities of local institutions to take lead in waste management. Therefore, because of a lack of an integrated system, there are challenges such as lack of cooperation among all the stakeholders about the safe management of hazardous and toxic waste. Furthermore, Botswana does not have a systematic regulatory framework regarding monitoring and hazardous and toxic waste management. In addition to the absence of a systematic regulatory framework, inadequate public awareness and dissemination of information about hazardous and toxic waste management, slower progress to phase-out persistent and bio-accumulative waste, and lack of reliable and accurate information on hazardous and toxic waste generation, sources and composition have caused critical challenges to effective hazardous and toxic waste management. It is, therefore, important to examine the status of hazardous and toxic waste as a waste stream in Botswana. By default; this mini-review article presents an overview of the current status of hazardous and toxic waste management and introduces the main challenges in hazardous and toxic waste management. Moreover, the article proposes the best applicable strategies to achieve effective hazardous and toxic waste management in the future. PMID:25432741

Mmereki, Daniel; Li, Baizhan; Meng, Liu

2014-12-01

184

40 CFR 266.360 - If you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption be reclaimed? ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2013-07-01

185

40 CFR 266.355 - How could you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what actions must you take? 266...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2012-07-01

186

40 CFR 266.360 - If you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption be reclaimed? ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2011-07-01

187

40 CFR 266.355 - How could you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what actions must you take? 266...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2011-07-01

188

40 CFR 266.355 - How could you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what actions must you take? 266...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2014-07-01

189

40 CFR 266.355 - How could you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...disposal conditional exemption for your waste and what actions must you take? 266...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2013-07-01

190

40 CFR 266.360 - If you lose the transportation and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and disposal conditional exemption for a waste, can the exemption be reclaimed? ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS...

2010-07-01

191

Mediated electrochemical hazardous waste destruction  

SciTech Connect

There are few permitted processes for mixed waste (radioactive plus chemically hazardous) treatment. We are developing electrochemical processes that convert the toxic organic components of mixed waste to water, carbon dioxide, an innocuous anions such as chloride. Aggressive oxidizer ions such as Ag{sup 2+} or Ce{sup +4} are produced at an anode. These can attack the organic molecules directly. They can also attack water which yields hydroxyl free radicals that in turn attack the organic molecules. The condensed (i.e., solid and/or liquid) effluent streams contain the inorganic radionuclide forms. These may be treated with existing technology and prepared for final disposal. Kinetics and the extent of destruction of some toxic organics have been measured. Depending on how the process is operated, coulombic efficiency can be nearly 100%. In addition, hazardous organic materials are becoming very expensive to dispose of and when they are combined with transuranic radioactive elements no processes are presently permitted. Mediated electrochemical oxidation is an ambient-temperature aqueous-phase process that can be used to oxidize organic components of mixed wastes. Problems associated with incineration, such as high-temperature volatilization of radionuclides, are avoided. Historically, Ag (2) has been used as a mediator in this process. Fe(6) and Co(3) are attractive alternatives to Ag(2) since they form soluble chlorides during the destruction of chlorinated solvents. Furthermore, silver itself is a toxic heavy metal. Quantitative data has been obtained for the complete oxidation of ethylene glycol by Fe(6) and Co(3). Though ethylene glycol is a nonhalogenated organic, this data has enabled us to make direct comparisons of activities of Fe(6) and Co(3) with Ag(2). Very good quantitative data for the oxidation of ethylene glycol by Ag(2) had already been collected. 4 refs., 6 figs.

Hickman, R.G.; Farmer, J.C.; Wang, F.T.

1991-08-01

192

Processing of solid mixed waste containing radioactive and hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apparatus for the continuous heating and melting of a solid mixed waste bearing radioactive and hazardous materials to form separate metallic, slag and gaseous phases for producing compact forms of the waste material to facilitate disposal includes a copper split water-cooled (cold) crucible as a reaction vessel for receiving the waste material. The waste material is heated by means of

V. T. Gotovchikov; A. V. Ivanov; E. A. Filippov

1998-01-01

193

GUIDE TO TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES AT SUPERFUND SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

Over the past fewyears, it has become increasinsly evident that land disposal of hazardous wastes is at least only a temporary solution for much of the wastes present at Superfund sites. The need for more Iong-term, permanent "treatment solutions as alternatives to land disposal ...

194

COMPARISON OF ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORS VERSUS THE 1990 TOXICS RELEASE INVENTORY AIR RELEASES  

EPA Science Inventory

Incineration is often the preferred technology for disposing of hazardous waste and remediating Superfund sites. he effective implementation of this technology is frequently impeded by strong public opposition to hazardous waste incineration (HWI). ne of the reasons cited for thi...

195

A COMPARISON: ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORS VERSUS THE 1990 TOXICS RELEASE INVENTORY AIR RELEASES.  

EPA Science Inventory

Incineration is often the preferred technology for disposing of hazardous waste, and remediating Superfund sites. The effective implementation of this technology is frequently impeded by strong public opposition `to hazardous waste' incineration HWI). One of the reasons cited for...

196

PERSPECTIVES ON SOLIDIFICATION/STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR TREATING HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

In hazardous waste management, solidification/stabilization (S/S) is a term normally used to designate a technology employing additives to alter hazardous waste to reduce the mobility of pollutants, thereby making it acceptable for current land disposal requirements. The use of t...

197

EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE CONTROL OF HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigations were conducted of new and emerging technologies for the disposal of hazardous wastes. These methods involve new technologies or a recent variation of an established one. In addition, a questionnaire survey was made of potential users of hazardous waste information....

198

HAZARDOUS WASTE & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Volume 13, Number 2, 1996  

E-print Network

HAZARDOUS WASTE & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Volume 13, Number 2, 1996 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Implications microorganisms to degrade hazardous substances within aquifers without engineered stimulation, shows great

Alvarez, Pedro J.

199

UNBC Hazardous Waste Guide Proper waste management practices are essential for the safety of all students, staff, and  

E-print Network

UNBC Hazardous Waste Guide Proper waste management practices are essential for the safety of all students, staff, and faculty. Hazardous waste must be handled and disposed of in a manner that ensures treatment of hazardous waste can also cause long-term environmental effects, such as contaminated ground

Northern British Columbia, University of

200

Disposal of NORM waste in salt caverns  

SciTech Connect

Some types of oil and gas production and processing wastes contain naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). If NORM is present at concentrations above regulatory levels in oil field waste, the waste requires special disposal practices. The existing disposal options for wastes containing NORM are limited and costly. This paper evaluates the legality, technical feasibility, economics, and human health risk of disposing of NORM-contaminated oil field wastes in salt caverns. Cavern disposal of NORM waste is technically feasible and poses a very low human health risk. From a legal perspective, there are no fatal flaws that would prevent a state regulatory agency from approving cavern disposal of NORM. On the basis of the costs charged by caverns currently used for disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW), NORM waste disposal caverns could be cost competitive with existing NORM waste disposal methods when regulatory agencies approve the practice.

Veil, J.A.; Smith, K.P.; Tomasko, D.; Elcock, D.; Blunt, D.; Williams, G.P.

1998-07-01

201

Hazardous Wastes. Two Games for Teaching about the Problem. Environmental Communications Activities. Bulletin 703.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two games are presented which demonstrate the complexity of the hazardous waste problem through an introduction to the: (1) economics of waste disposal; (2) legislation surrounding waste disposal; (3) necessity to handle wastes with care; (4) damages to the environmental and human health resulting from improper disposal; (5) correct ways to

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Cooperative Extension Service.

202

Safer Transportation and Disposal of Remote Handled Transuranic Waste - 12033  

SciTech Connect

Since disposal of remote handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) began in 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) has had difficulty meeting the plans and schedule for disposing this waste. PECOS Management Services, Inc. (PECOS) assessed the feasibility of proposed alternate RH-TRU mixed waste containerisation concepts that would enhance the transportation rate of RH-TRU waste to WIPP and increase the utilization of available WIPP space capacity for RH-TRU waste disposal by either replacing or augmenting current and proposed disposal methods. In addition engineering and operational analyses were conducted that addressed concerns regarding criticality, heat release, and worker exposure to radiation. The results of the analyses showed that the concept, development, and use of a concrete pipe based design for an RH-TRU waste shipping and disposal container could be potentially advantageous for disposing a substantial quantity of RHTRU waste at WIPP in the same manner as contact-handled RH waste. Additionally, this new disposal method would eliminate the hazard associated with repackaging this waste in other containers without the requirement for NRC approval for a new shipping container. (authors)

Rojas, Vicente; Timm, Christopher M.; Fox, Jerry V. [PECOS Management Services, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

2012-07-01

203

10 CFR 850.32 - Waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Waste disposal. 850.32 Section 850.32 Energy DEPARTMENT...PROGRAM Specific Program Requirements 850.32 Waste disposal. (a) The responsible employer must control...

2010-01-01

204

Hazardous healthcare waste management in the Kingdom of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous healthcare waste has become an environmental concern for many developing countries including the Kingdom of Bahrain. There have been several significant obstacles facing the Kingdom in dealing with this issue including; limited documentation regarding generation, handling, management, and disposal of waste. This in turn hinders efforts to plan better healthcare waste management. In this paper, hazardous waste management status in the Kingdom has been investigated through an extensive survey carried out on selected public and private healthcare premises. Hazardous waste management practices including: waste generation, segregation, storage, collection, transportation, treatment, and disposal were determined. The results of this study along with key findings are discussed and summarized. In addition; several effective recommendations and improvements of hazardous waste management are suggested.

Mohamed, L.F. [Environmental Management Program, College of Graduate Studies, Arabian Gulf University, P.O. Box 26671, Manama (Bahrain)], E-mail: lamyafm@agu.edu.bh; Ebrahim, S.A. [Engineering and Maintenance Department, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 12, Manama (Bahrain); Al-Thukair, A.A. [Chemistry Department, King Fahad University of Petroleum and Minerals, P.O. Box 157, Dhahran 31261 (Saudi Arabia)

2009-08-15

205

Evaluation of health effects from hazardous waste sites  

SciTech Connect

This information and data for evaluating health effects from hazardous waste sites stems from the efforts of specialists representing leading research centers, hospitals, universities, government agencies and includes consultant as well as corporate viewpoints. The work evolved from the Fourth Annual Symposium on Environmental Epidemiology sponsored by the Center for Environmental Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh and the U.S. EPA. Contents-One: Scope of the Hazardous Wastes Problems. Evaluating Health Effects at Hazardous Waste Sites. Historical Perspective on Waste Disposal. Two: Assessment of Exposure to Hazardous Wastes. Chemical Emissions Assessment for Hazardous Waste Sites. Assessing Pathways to Human Populations. Methods of Defining Human Exposures. Three: Determining Human Health Effects. Health Risks of Concern. Expectations and Limitations of Human Health Studies and Risk Assessment. Four: Case Studies. Love Canal. Hardeman County, Tennessee. Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania. Five: Defining Health Risks at Waste Sites. Engineering Perspectives from an Industrial Viewpoint. Role of Public Groups. Integration of Governmental Resources in Assessment of Hazards.

Andelman, J.B.; Underhill, D.W.

1986-01-01

206

Hazard assessment research strategy for ocean disposal  

SciTech Connect

A decision rationale for ocean disposal based on a predictive hazard assessment research strategy is presented. The conceptual framework for hazard assessment is outlined, and its major components are identified and discussed. The strategy involves the synthesis of results from separate exposure and effects components in order to provide a scientific basis for estimating the probability (risk) of harm to the aquatic environment. The exposure assessment component consists of methodologies for determining biological effects as a function of contaminant exposure concentrations. Two case studies illustrate how a hazard assessment strategy synthesizes exposure and effects information to provide a casual linkage between mass inputs of contaminants and biological effects. The first study examines sewage-sludge disposal at Deep-water Dumpsite-106. The second study, which examines the disposal of dredged material in a shallow coastal site in central Long Island Sound, is a field verification program designed to test methodologies required for the acquisition of exposure and effects information. Both the laboratory and field data are synthesized to evaluate the accuracy and confidence of predictions of the individual methods, the tiered hierarchal concept, and the final prediction.

Gentile, J.H.; Bierman, V.J.; Paul, J.F.; Walker, H.A.; Miller, D.C.

1989-01-01

207

49 CFR 171.3 - Hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hazardous waste. 171.3 Section 171.3...American Shipments 171.3 Hazardous waste. (a) No person may offer for transportation or transport a hazardous waste (as defined in ...

2011-10-01

208

Columbia University Hazardous Waste Room Inspection Report  

E-print Network

Columbia University Hazardous Waste Room Inspection Report Flammable Storage Area Lack Pack Storage Area Hazardous Waste Room Inspection Report Location: Bldg. Room: Date: Inspected By always closed while holding hazardous wastes? Comment: 12. Are containers labeled? Date

Jia, Songtao

209

49 CFR 171.3 - Hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Hazardous waste. 171.3 Section 171.3...American Shipments 171.3 Hazardous waste. (a) No person may offer for transportation or transport a hazardous waste (as defined in ...

2013-10-01

210

49 CFR 171.3 - Hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Hazardous waste. 171.3 Section 171.3...American Shipments 171.3 Hazardous waste. (a) No person may offer for transportation or transport a hazardous waste (as defined in ...

2014-10-01

211

49 CFR 171.3 - Hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hazardous waste. 171.3 Section 171.3...American Shipments 171.3 Hazardous waste. (a) No person may offer for transportation or transport a hazardous waste (as defined in ...

2010-10-01

212

49 CFR 171.3 - Hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Hazardous waste. 171.3 Section 171.3...American Shipments 171.3 Hazardous waste. (a) No person may offer for transportation or transport a hazardous waste (as defined in ...

2012-10-01

213

Concept for Underground Disposal of Nuclear Waste  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Packaged waste placed in empty oil-shale mines. Concept for disposal of nuclear waste economically synergistic with earlier proposal concerning backfilling of oil-shale mines. New disposal concept superior to earlier schemes for disposal in hard-rock and salt mines because less uncertainty about ability of oil-shale mine to contain waste safely for millenium.

Bowyer, J. M.

1987-01-01

214

Containment of solidified liquid hazardous waste in domal salt  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the solidification of hazardous liquid waste has become a viable option in waste management. The solidification process results in an increased volume but more stable waste form that must be disposed of or stored in a dry environment. An environment of choice in south central Texas is domal salt. The salt dome currently under investigation has a

P. A. Domenico; A. Lerman

1992-01-01

215

Decision document for transuranic tank waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

During the Tank Waste Remediation System systems requirements review, an issue was raised regarding the disposal of potentially transuranic tank waste. This report documents the decision analysis process to resolve this issue. A decision was made to blend the Hanford Site transuranic tank waste with high-level waste for disposal in an offsite repository. In the interim, the transuranic tank waste will remain stored consistent with the existing safety authorization basis and waste compatibility requirements. The transuranic tank waste will not be sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for disposal. The decision is justified based on several decision criteria including cost,volume of waste produced, operability, safety, and technical maturity. There is no cost incentive to segregate transuranic tank waste for disposal at Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. The additional operating and capital costs required to immobilize segregated transuranic tank waste outweigh the savings gained in disposal cost.

Crawford, T.W.; McConville, C.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-24

216

Comprehensive discussion on the hazardous waste management system  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive discussion on the hazardous waste management system, which is established by the US Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, covers amendments to add new provisions applicable to the proper management of hazardous wastes identification and listing of hazardous wastes, including acetaldehyde, methanol, and xylene, as well as those from nonspecific and specific sources such as slop oil emulsion solids from oil refineries; proposal to modify the interim final list of these wastes to include 11 others, including distillation light ends and bottoms from the production of phthalic anhydride from o-xylene; standards applicable to generators and transporters of hazardous wastes; standards and interim status standards for owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities; and proposals to modify current rules on financial regquirements for owners and operators of hazardous waste management facilities, and on requirements for disposal of hazardous wastes by underground injection.

Not Available

1980-05-19

217

40 CFR 264.317 - Special requirements for hazardous wastes FO20, FO21, FO22, FO23, FO26, and FO27.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Special requirements for hazardous wastes FO20, FO21, FO22, FO23...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...317 Special requirements for hazardous wastes FO20, FO21, FO22,...

2013-07-01

218

77 FR 34229 - Idaho: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program; Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...remote-handled low-level radioactive waste ((LLW) generated at the Idaho...rendered the Idaho hazardous waste program ineligible for RCRA authorization...Remote-Handled Low-Level Radioactive Waste Onsite Disposal (RHLLWOD)...

2012-06-11

219

Avoiding the Hazards of Hazardous Waste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under a 1980 law, colleges and universities can be liable for cleanup of hazardous waste on properties, in companies, and related to stocks they invest in or are given. College planners should establish clear policy concerning gifts, investigate gifts, distance university from business purposes, sell real estate gifts quickly, consult a risk

Hiller, Richard

1996-01-01

220

Medical Waste Disposal Guide Laboratory Version  

E-print Network

,13 X 13,14 Radioactive Wastes X15 Notes: 1. "-bio" indicates items that have been in contact; see http://www.ehs.cornell.edu/training.catalog.htm#EPA-Chemical Waste Disposal 15. Radioactive wastesMedical Waste Disposal Guide Laboratory Version Revised May 2007 Item1 Sharps Red Bag Trash Drain2

Manning, Sturt

221

76 FR 34200 - Land Disposal Restrictions: Revision of the Treatment Standards for Carbamate Wastes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...revise the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) treatment standards for hazardous wastes...to be discarded. Currently, under the LDR program, most carbamate wastes must be...difficult to measure whether the numeric LDR concentration limits have been met....

2011-06-13

222

Hazardous chemical and radioactive wastes at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site was established in 1944 to produce plutonium for defense. During the past four decades, a number of reactors, processing facilities, and waste management facilities have been built at Hanford for plutonium production. Generally, Hanford`s 100 Area was dedicated to reactor operation; the 200 Area to fuel reprocessing, plutonium recovery, and waste management; and the 300 Area to fuel fabrication and research and development. Wastes generated from these operations included highly radioactive liquid wastes, which were discharged to single- and double-shell tanks; solid wastes, including both transuranic (TRU) and low-level wastes, which were buried or discharged to caissons; and waste water containing low- to intermediate-level radioactivity, which was discharged to the soil column via near-surface liquid disposal units such as cribs, ponds, and retention basins. Virtually all of the wastes contained hazardous chemical as well as radioactive constituents. This paper will focus on the hazardous chemical components of the radioactive mixed waste generated by plutonium production at Hanford. The processes, chemicals used, methods of disposition, fate in the environment, and actions being taken to clean up this legacy are described by location.

Keller, J.F.; Stewart, T.L.

1991-07-01

223

Hazardous chemical and radioactive wastes at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site was established in 1944 to produce plutonium for defense. During the past four decades, a number of reactors, processing facilities, and waste management facilities have been built at Hanford for plutonium production. Generally, Hanford's 100 Area was dedicated to reactor operation; the 200 Area to fuel reprocessing, plutonium recovery, and waste management; and the 300 Area to fuel fabrication and research and development. Wastes generated from these operations included highly radioactive liquid wastes, which were discharged to single- and double-shell tanks; solid wastes, including both transuranic (TRU) and low-level wastes, which were buried or discharged to caissons; and waste water containing low- to intermediate-level radioactivity, which was discharged to the soil column via near-surface liquid disposal units such as cribs, ponds, and retention basins. Virtually all of the wastes contained hazardous chemical as well as radioactive constituents. This paper will focus on the hazardous chemical components of the radioactive mixed waste generated by plutonium production at Hanford. The processes, chemicals used, methods of disposition, fate in the environment, and actions being taken to clean up this legacy are described by location.

Keller, J.F.; Stewart, T.L.

1991-07-01

224

Hazardous and toxic wastes: technology, management and health effects  

SciTech Connect

One of three volumes on waste material, this book deals with the hazardous and toxic wastes of an industrial society. Part one considers waste types and treatment and disposal methods, covering industrial waste incineration, the destruction of toxic chemical wastes, and the management of hazardous waste. Part two discusses the distribution, selection, and geological aspects of siting hazardous and toxic wastes. Part three covers transportation, emergency response, and preparations needed in a toxic spill emergency. Part four includes chapters on management regulations, and economic considerations. The final section deals with the environmental and health effects of hazardous wastes. Information on the national priorities list appears in the appendix. 363 references, 61 figures, 68 tables.

Majumdar, S.K.; Miller, E.W. (eds.)

1984-01-01

225

ORNL grouting technologies for immobilizing hazardous wastes  

SciTech Connect

The Cement and Concrete Applications Group at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed versatile and inexpensive processes to solidify large quantities of hazardous liquids, sludges, and solids. By using standard off the shelf processing equipment, these batch or continuous processes are compatible with a wide range of disposal methods, such as above-ground storage, shallow-land burial, deep geological disposal, sea-bed dumping, and bulk in-situ solidification. Because of their economic advantages, these latter bulk in-situ disposal scenarios have received the most development. ORNL's experience has shown that tailored cement-based formulas can be developed which tolerate wide fluctuations in waste feed compositions and still maintain mixing properties that are compatible with standard equipment. In addition to cements, these grouts contain pozzolans, clays and other additives to control the flow properties, set-times, phase separations and impacts of waste stream fluctuation. The cements, fly ashes and other grout components are readily available in bulk quantities and the solids-blends typically cost less than $0.05 to 0.15 per waste gallon. Depending on the disposal scenario, total disposal costs (material, capital, and operating) can be as low as $0.10 to 0.50 per gallon.

Dole, L.R.; Trauger, D.B.

1983-01-01

226

An assessment and comparison of hazardous waste management Hessen, FRG and Ontario, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hazardous waste management has recently become an issue of great concern for governments in industrialized countries. In spite of this, no one country has established a successful framework which guarantees the safe handling and disposal of hazardous wastes. The ideal system would generate no hazardous wastes in the first place but this, of course, is wishful thinking for highly industrialized

Elaine F. Collis

1987-01-01

227

Effects from past solid waste disposal practices.  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews documented environmental effects experience from the disposal of solid waste materials in the U.S. Selected case histories are discussed that illustrate waste migration and its actual or potential effects on human or environmental health. Principal conclusions resulting from this review were: solid waste materials do migrate beyond the geometric confines of the initial placement location; environmental effects have been experienced from disposal of municipal, agricultural, and toxic chemical wastes; and utilization of presently known science and engineering principles in sitting and operating solid waste disposal facilities would make a significant improvement in the containment capability of shallow land disposal facilities. PMID:367769

Johnson, L J; Daniel, D E; Abeele, W V; Ledbetter, J O; Hansen, W R

1978-01-01

228

Focus Sheet | Hazardous Waste Checklist How to be ready for state hazardous waste  

E-print Network

Focus Sheet | Hazardous Waste Checklist How to be ready for state hazardous waste inspectors. See a hazardous waste inspection. ons, rrosive. n hemicals? ical waste. Waste-like chemicals have als Are you. Are your waste containers properly labeled? us Waste label as soon t Do you accumulate waste in a safe

Wilcock, William

229

Radiation dose assessment methodology and preliminary dose estimates to support US Department of Energy radiation control criteria for regulated treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes and materials  

SciTech Connect

This report provides unit dose to concentration levels that may be used to develop control criteria for radionuclide activity in hazardous waste; if implemented, these criteria would be developed to provide an adequate level of public and worker health protection, for wastes regulated under U.S, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements (as derived from the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [RCRA] and/or the Toxic Substances Control Act [TSCA]). Thus, DOE and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission can fulfill their obligation to protect the public from radiation by ensuring that such wastes are appropriately managed, while simultaneously reducing the current level of dual regulation. In terms of health protection, dual regulation of very small quantities of radionuclides provides no benefit.

Aaberg, R.L.; Baker, D.A.; Rhoads, K.; Jarvis, M.F.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr.

1995-07-01

230

HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION IN INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES: CEMENT AND LIME KILNS  

EPA Science Inventory

With more liquid wastes due to be banned from land disposal facilities, expanding hazardous waste incineration capacity becomes increasingly important. At the same time, industrial plants are increasingly seeking to find new sources of lower cost fuel, specifically from the dispo...

231

Proceedings of the seventeenth mid-Atlantic industrial waste conference on toxic and hazardous wastes  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on hazardous and toxic materials. Topics considered at the conference included methane production using anaerobic fluidized beds, thermal sludge conditioning, phosphorus removal, cooling tower water treatment, groundwater modeling, dry fly ash landfills, resource recovery, industrial wastes, the assessment of waste disposal sites utilizing expert systems, and the agricultural use of industrial wastes.

Kugelman, I.J.

1985-01-01

232

A Comparison of Organic Emissions from Hazardous Waste Incinerators Versus the 1990 Toxics Release Inventory Air Releases  

EPA Science Inventory

Incineration is often the preferred technology for disposing of hazardous waste and remediating Superfund sites. The effective implementation of this technology is frequently impeded by strong public opposition to hazardous waste incineration (HWI). One of the reasons cited for t...

233

Method for energy recovery from solid hazardous waste  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a method for achieving environmentally sound disposal of hazardous waste in an operating rotary kiln. It comprises a heated, rotating cylinder containing in-process mineral material. The method comprises: the steps of packaging the hazardous waste in containers and charging the containerized hazardous waste into the kiln to contact the mineral material at a point along the length of the kiln cylinder where the kiln gas temperature ranges from about 950{sup 0}C to about 1200{sup 0}C.

Benoit, M.R.; Hansen, E.R.; Reese, T.J.

1989-07-25

234

Handling Hazardous Chemical Waste A quick reference guide  

E-print Network

Handling Hazardous Chemical Waste A quick reference guide Hazardous wastes are undesired containers to collect chemical waste should be labeled with a yellow "Hazardous Waste Container" label, reactive, corrosive, carcinogenic, etc). Something MUST be in Hazardous Waste Container Contact

Nelson, Tim

235

Method and apparatus for incinerating hazardous waste  

DOEpatents

An incineration apparatus and method for disposal of infectious hazardous waste including a fluidized bed reactor containing a bed of granular material. The reactor includes a first chamber, a second chamber, and a vertical partition separating the first and second chambers. A pressurized stream of air is supplied to the reactor at a sufficient velocity to fluidize the granular material in both the first and second chambers. Waste materials to be incinerated are fed into the first chamber of the fluidized bed, the fine waste materials being initially incinerated in the first chamber and subsequently circulated over the partition to the second chamber wherein further incineration occurs. Coarse waste materials are removed from the first chamber, comminuted, and recirculated to the second chamber for further incineration. Any partially incinerated waste materials and ash from the bottom of the second chamber are removed and recirculated to the second chamber for further incineration. This process is repeated until all infectious hazardous waste has been completely incinerated.

Korenberg, Jacob (York, PA)

1990-01-01

236

78 FR 15338 - New York: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...New York State has applied to EPA for final authorization of changes to its hazardous waste program under the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended, commonly referred to as the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA proposes to...

2013-03-11

237

Biological treatment of hazardous waste  

SciTech Connect

This reference book is intended for individuals interested in or involved with the treatment of hazardous wastes using biological/biochemical processes. Composed of 13 chapters, it covers a wide variety of topics ranging from engineering design to hydrogeologic factors. The first four chapters are devoted to a description of several different types of bioreactors. Chapter 5 discusses the biofiltration of volatile organic compounds. Chapters 6 through 9 discuss specific biological, biochemical, physical, and engineering factors that affect bioremediation of hazardous wastes. Chapter 10 is a very good discussion of successful bioremediation of pentachlorophenol contamination under laboratory and field conditions, and excellent references are provided. The next chapter discusses the natural biodegradation of PCB-contaminated sediments in the Hudson River in New York state. Chapter 12 takes an excellent look at the bioremediation capability of anaerobic organisms. The final chapter discusses composting of hazardous waste.

Lewandowski, G.A.; Filippi, L.J. de [eds.

1998-12-01

238

Disposal of liquid radioactive wastes through wells or shafts  

SciTech Connect

This report describes disposal of liquids and, in some cases, suitable solids and/or entrapped gases, through: (1) well injection into deep permeable strata, bounded by impermeable layers; (2) grout injection into an impermeable host rock, forming fractures in which the waste solidifies; and (3) slurrying into excavated subsurface cavities. Radioactive materials are presently being disposed of worldwide using all three techniques. However, it would appear that if the techniques were verified as posing minimum hazards to the environment and suitable site-specific host rock were identified, these disposal techniques could be more widely used.

Perkins, B.L.

1982-01-01

239

Waste Handling and Disposal Biological Safety  

E-print Network

Waste Handling and Disposal Biological Safety General Biosafety Practices (GBP) Why You Should Care many definitions and regulations around Regulated Medical Waste (R.M.W.), recombinant/synthetic nucleic acids (r/sNA), toxic chemicals, and other waste streams, identify your waste streams and type

Pawlowski, Wojtek

240

10 CFR 20.2005 - Disposal of specific wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Disposal of specific wastes. 20.2005 Section 20.2005 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION Waste Disposal 20.2005 Disposal of specific wastes. (a) A...

2010-01-01

241

78 FR 1155 - Low-Level Waste Disposal  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RIN 3150-AI92 Low-Level Waste Disposal AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...2012 entitled, ``Low-Level Waste Disposal'' that announced the availability...Proposed Revisions to Low-Level Waste Disposal Requirement (10 CFR part...

2013-01-08

242

77 FR 43149 - Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1777 RIN 0572-AC26 Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants AGENCY: Rural...to the Section 306C Water and Waste Disposal (WWD) Loans and Grants Program, which provides water and waste disposal facilities and services to...

2012-07-24

243

77 FR 14307 - Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1777 RIN 0572-AC26 Water and Waste Disposal Loans and Grants AGENCY: Rural...to the Section 306C Water and Waste Disposal (WWD) Loans and Grants program, which provides water and waste disposal facilities and services to...

2012-03-09

244

36 CFR 13.1118 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Solid waste disposal. 13.1118 Section 13.1118 Parks... General Provisions 13.1118 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste disposal site may accept non-National Park...

2010-07-01

245

Nuclear waste disposal educational forum  

SciTech Connect

In keeping with a mandate from the US Congress to provide opportunities for consumer education and information and to seek consumer input on national issues, the Department of Energy's Office of Consumer Affairs held a three-hour educational forum on the proposed nuclear waste disposal legislation. Nearly one hundred representatives of consumer, public interest, civic and environmental organizations were invited to attend. Consumer affairs professionals of utility companies across the country were also invited to attend the forum. The following six papers were presented: historical perspectives; status of legislation (Senate); status of legislation (House of Representatives); impact on the legislation on electric utilities; impact of the legislation on consumers; implementing the legislation. All six papers have been abstracted and indexed for the Energy Data Base.

Not Available

1982-10-18

246

Aerosol can waste disposal device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a device for removing gases and liquid from containers. The device punctures the bottom of a container for purposes of exhausting gases and liquid from the container without their escaping into the atmosphere. The device includes an inner cup or cylinder having a top portion with an open end for receiving a container and a bottom portion which may be fastened to a disposal or waste container in a substantially leak-proof manner. A piercing device is mounted in the lower portion of the inner cylinder for puncturing the can bottom placed in the inner cylinder. An outer cylinder having an open end and a closed end fits over the top portion of the inner cylinder in telescoping engagement. A force exerted on the closed end of the outer cylinder urges the bottom of a can in the inner cylinder into engagement with the piercing device in the bottom of the inner cylinder to form an opening in the can bottom, thereby permitting the contents of the can to enter the disposal container. 7 figures.

O'Brien, M.D.; Klapperick, R.L.; Bell, C.

1993-12-21

247

Aerosol can waste disposal device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a device for removing gases and liquid from containers. The ice punctures the bottom of a container for purposes of exhausting gases and liquid from the container without their escaping into the atmosphere. The device includes an inner cup or cylinder having a top portion with an open end for receiving a container and a bottom portion which may be fastened to a disposal or waste container in a substantially leak-proof manner. A piercing device is mounted in the lower portion of the inner cylinder for puncturing the can bottom placed in the inner cylinder. An outer cylinder having an open end and a closed end fits over the top portion of the inner cylinder in telescoping engagement. A force exerted on the closed end of the outer cylinder urges the bottom of a can in the inner cylinder into engagement with the piercing device in the bottom of the inner cylinder to form an opening in the can bottom, thereby permitting the contents of the can to enter the disposal container.

O'Brien, Michael D. (Las Vegas, NV); Klapperick, Robert L. (Las Vegas, NV); Bell, Chris (Las Vegas, NV)

1993-01-01

248

Management and disposal of waste from sites contaminated by radioactivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various methods of managing and disposing of wastes generated by decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) activities are described. This review of current waste management practices includes a description of waste minimization and volume reduction techniques and their applicability to various categories of radwaste. The importance of the physical properties of the radiation and radioactivity in determining the methodology of choice throughout the D & D process is stressed. The subject is introduced by a survey of the common types of radioactive contamination that must be managed and the more important hazards associated with each type. Comparisons are made among high level, transuranic, low level, and radioactive mixed waste, and technologically-enhanced, naturally-occurring radioactive material (TENORM). The development of appropriate clean-up criteria for each category of contaminated waste is described with the aid of examples drawn from actual practice. This includes a discussion of the application of pathway analysis to the derivation of residual radioactive material guidelines. The choice between interim storage and permanent disposal of radioactive wastes is addressed. Approaches to permanent disposal of each category of radioactive waste are described and illustrated with examples of facilities that have been constructed or are planned for implementation in the near future. Actual experience at older, existing, low-level waste disposal facilities is discussed briefly.

Roberts, Carlyle J.

1998-06-01

249

Final Hazard Categorization for the Remediation of the 116-C-3 Chemical Waste Tanks  

SciTech Connect

This final hazard categorization (FHC) document examines the hazards, identifies appropriate controls to manage the hazards, and documents the commitments for the 116-C-3 Chemical Waste Tanks Remediation Project. The remediation activities analyzed in this FHC are based on recommended treatment and disposal alternatives described in the Engineering Evaluation for the Remediation to the 116-C-3 Chemical Waste Tanks (BHI 2005e).

T. M. Blakley; W. D. Schofield

2007-09-10

250

78 FR 15299 - New York: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...changes to its hazardous waste program under the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended, commonly referred to as the Resource...sections 2002(a), 3006 and 7004(b) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 6912(a),...

2013-03-11

251

HAZARDOUS WASTE DEGRADATION BY WOOD DEGRADING FUNGI  

EPA Science Inventory

The persistence and toxicity of many hazardous waste constituents indicates that the environment has limited capacity to degrade such materials. he competence and presence of degrading organisms significantly effects our ability to treat and detoxify these hazardous waste chemica...

252

STABILIZATION/SOLIDIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

In response to the growing interest in stabilization and solidification of hazardous wastes and contaminated soils and sediments, the Land Pollution Control Division of EPA's Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory has produced a technical handbook on the subject. The han...

253

8-Waste treatment and disposal A. Responsibility for waste management  

E-print Network

8- Waste treatment and disposal A. Responsibility for waste management 1. Each worker is responsible for correctly bagging and labeling his/her own waste. 2. A BSL3 technician will be responsible for transporting and autoclaving the waste. Waste will be autoclaved once or twice per day, depending on use

254

Staged mold for encapsulating hazardous wastes  

DOEpatents

A staged mold for stabilizing hazardous wastes for final disposal by molding an agglomerate of the hazardous wastes and encapsulating the agglomerate. Three stages are employed in the process. In the first stage, a first mold body is positioned on a first mold base, a mixture of the hazardous wastes and a thermosetting plastic is loaded into the mold, the mixture is mechanically compressed, heat is applied to cure the mixture to form a rigid agglomerate, and the first mold body is removed leaving the agglomerate sitting on the first mold base. In the second stage, a clamshell second mold body is positioned around the agglomerate and the first mold base, a powdered thermoplastic resin is poured on top of the agglomerate and in the gap between the sides of the agglomerate and the second mold body, the thermoplastic is compressed, heat is applied to melt the thermoplastic, and the plastic is cooled jacketing the agglomerate on the top and sides. In the third stage, the mold with the jacketed agglomerate is inverted, the first mold base is removed exposing the former bottom of the agglomerate, powdered thermoplastic is poured over the former bottom, the first mold base is replaced to compress the thermoplastic, heat is applied to melt the new thermoplastic and the top part of the jacket on the sides, the plastic is cooled jacketing the bottom and fusing with the jacketing on the sides to complete the seamless encapsulation of the agglomerate.

Unger, Samuel L. (Los Angeles, CA); Telles, Rodney W. (Alhambra, CA); Lubowitz, Hyman R. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1990-01-01

255

Staged mold for encapsulating hazardous wastes  

DOEpatents

A staged mold for stabilizing hazardous wastes for final disposal by molding an agglomerate of the hazardous wastes and encapsulating the agglomerate. Three stages are employed in the process. In the first stage, a first mold body is positioned on a first mold base, a mixture of the hazardous wastes and a thermosetting plastic is loaded into the mold, the mixture is mechanically compressed, heat is applied to cure the mixture to form a rigid agglomerate, and the first mold body is removed leaving the agglomerate sitting on the first mold base. In the second stage, a clamshell second mold body is positioned around the agglomerate and the first mold base, a powdered thermoplastic resin is poured on top of the agglomerate and in the gap between the sides of the agglomerate and the second mold body, the thermoplastic is compressed, heat is applied to melt the thermoplastic, and the plastic is cooled jacketing the agglomerate on the top and sides. In the third stage, the mold with the jacketed agglomerate is inverted, the first mold base is removed exposing the former bottom of the agglomerate, powdered thermoplastic is poured over the former bottom, the first mold base is replaced to compress the thermoplastic, heat is applied to melt the new thermoplastic and the top part of the jacket on the sides, the plastic is cooled jacketing the bottom and fusing with the jacketing on the sides to complete the seamless encapsulation of the agglomerate.

Unger, Samuel L. (Los Angeles, CA); Telles, Rodney W. (Alhambra, CA); Lubowitz, Hyman R. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1988-01-01

256

THERMAL DESTRUCTION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1982, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been conducting performance assessments of hazardous waste thermal destruction facilities in the United States. The principal objective of these tests has been to characterize emissions and determine if these faciliti...

257

Use of fly ash, phosphogypsum and red mud as a liner material for the disposal of hazardous zinc leach residue waste.  

PubMed

Increasing amounts of residues and waste materials coming from industrial activities in different processes have become an increasingly urgent problem for the future. The release of large quantities of heavy metals into the environment has resulted in a number of environmental problems. The present study investigated the safe disposal of the zinc leach residue waste using industrial residues such as fly ash, phosphogypsum and red mud. In the study, leachability of heavy metals from the zinc leach residue has been evaluated by mine water leaching procedure (MWLP) and toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP). Zinc removal from leachate was studied using fly ash, phosphogypsum and red mud. The adsorption capacities and adsorption efficiencies were determined. The adsorption rate data was analyzed according to the pseudo-second-order kinetic, Elovich kinetic and intra-particle diffusion kinetic models. The pseudo-second-order kinetic was the best fit kinetic model for the experimental data. The results show that addition of fly ash, phosphogypsum and red mud to the zinc leach residue drastically reduces the heavy metal content in the leachate and could be used as liner materials. PMID:19762146

Coruh, Semra; Ergun, Osman Nuri

2010-01-15

258

Integrating Total Quality Management (TQM) and hazardous waste management  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and its subsequent amendments have had a dramatic impact on hazardous waste management for business and industry. The complexity of this law and the penalties for noncompliance have made it one of the most challenging regulatory programs undertaken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The fundamentals of RCRA include ``cradle to grave`` management of hazardous waste, covering generators, transporters, and treatment, storage, and disposal facilities. The regulations also address extensive definitions and listing/identification mechanisms for hazardous waste along with a tracking system. Treatment is favored over disposal and emphasis is on ``front-end`` treatment such as waste minimization and pollution prevention. A study of large corporations such as Xerox, 3M, and Dow Chemical, as well as the public sector, has shown that well known and successful hazardous waste management programs emphasize pollution prevention and employment of techniques such as proactive environmental management, environmentally conscious manufacturing, and source reduction. Nearly all successful hazardous waste programs include some aspects of Total Quality Management, which begins with a strong commitment from top management. Hazardous waste management at the Rocky Flats Plant is further complicated by the dominance of ``mixed waste`` at the facility. The mixed waste stems from the original mission of the facility, which was production of nuclear weapons components for the Department of Energy (DOE). A Quality Assurance Program based on the criterion in DOE Order 5700.6C has been implemented at Rocky Flats. All of the elements of the Quality Assurance Program play a role in hazardous waste management. Perhaps one of the biggest waste management problems facing the Rocky Flats Plant is cleaning up contamination from a forty year mission which focused on production of nuclear weapon components.

Kirk, N. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1993-11-01

259

Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Pathological Waste  

E-print Network

body parts if the animal is transgenic or has been exposed to biohazardous materials. All genetically modified animals, includ- ing all mice and zebra fish. Human surgical specimens including recognizable body2/2009 Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals

Tsien, Roger Y.

260

HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTE CHARACTERIZATION STUDY FOR PALM BEACH COUNTY, FLORIDA - A MITE PROGRAM EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The objectives of the Household Hazardous Waste Characterization Study (the HHW Study) were to: 1) Quantity the annual household hazardous waste (HHW) tonnages disposed in Palm Beach County Florida?s (the County) residential solid waste (characterized in this study as municipal s...

261

Hazardous Waste and You. A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide provides an interactive introduction to hazardous waste, with particular emphasis on personal responsibility and action. Nine lessons engage advanced grade 10 and grade 11-12 science students in group discussions and actions that help them develop awareness of hazardous waste, understanding of the hazardous waste situation in

Ontario Waste Management Corp., Toronto.

262

HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS and EMERGENCY RESPONSE (HAZWOPER)  

E-print Network

EM 385-1-1 XX Sep 13 i Section 29 HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS and EMERGENCY RESPONSE (HAZWOPER-1 SECTION 29 HAZARDOUS WASTE OPERATIONS and EMERGENCY RESPONSE (HAZWOPER) 29.A GENERAL 29.A.01 This Section applies to: a. Hazardous waste site operations performed under the Comprehensive Environmental Response

US Army Corps of Engineers

263

MOVEMENT OF SELECTED METALS, ASBESTOS, AND CYANIDE IN SOIL: APPLICATIONS TO WASTE DISPOSAL PROBLEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents information on movement of selected hazardous substances in soil which can be applied to problems of selecting and operating land disposal sites for wastes containing arsenic, asbestos, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, copper, cyanide, iron, lead, mercury, selen...

264

Application of plasma shield technology to the reduction, treatment, and disposal of hazardous organic and/or mixed wastes with actinide recovery  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos research activities are currently directed at the application of the shielded hydrogen plasma torch to the direct production of actinide metals from a UF{sub 6} feedstock. Two broad classes of thermal plasma reactors are currently in widespread use: the direct current (dc) arc jet system and the radio frequency (rf) inductively coupled system. Los Alamos has improved upon the basic rf plasma tube design using the concept of a transformer. The unique feature of the Los Alamos tube is a segmented, cooled, internal radiation shield. The Los Alamos shielded plasma torch routinely achieves temperatures exceeding 10,000 K and electron densities of 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 3} when operated continuously at one atmosphere of argon. These highly energetic conditions are sufficient to dissociate most chemical compounds into their constituent atoms. Based upon these characteristics, Los Alamos is currently investigating the application of the shielded plasma torch technology to the destruction of organic and mixed hazardous wastes, as well as the direct production of actinide metals from the halides and oxides, without the cogeneration of contaminated wastes. 5 refs., 4 figs.

Adams, B.T.; Vaughan, L.L.; Joyce, E.L. Jr.; Bieniewski, T.M.

1990-01-01

265

Geotechnical practice for waste disposal '87  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book contains the proceedings of a Specialty Conference sponsored by the Geotechnical Engineering Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Some of the titles of the papers include: Design of Waste Containment Structures, Site Characteristics for Waste Disposal, Containment of Low-Level Radioactive Material, Stabilized Fly Ash for Use in as Low-Permeability Barriers, and Hydrocarbon Refining Waste Stabilization for

1987-01-01

266

Solid waste disposal in district health facilities.  

PubMed

Hospital waste is not necessarily difficult to dispose of. In most cases it can be safely dumped in a properly designed waste pit. Waste management problems at district hospitals in developing countries are usually caused more by lack of information than by financial or technical difficulties. PMID:7999223

Halbwachs, H

1994-01-01

267

Proceedings of the seventeenth mid-Atlantic industrial waste conference on toxic and hazardous wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents the papers given at a conference on hazardous and toxic materials. Topics considered at the conference included methane production using anaerobic fluidized beds, thermal sludge conditioning, phosphorus removal, cooling tower water treatment, groundwater modeling, dry fly ash landfills, resource recovery, industrial wastes, the assessment of waste disposal sites utilizing expert systems, and the agricultural use of industrial

Kugelman

1985-01-01

268

A comparative study on the medical waste disposal in some hospitals in Alexandria.  

PubMed

Though healthcare services aim to reduce the health problems and prevent the potential risks to the health of the community. These services create wastes which are considered as hazardous materials due to the higher potential of infection and injury possessed by these wastes than any other type of waste. Healthcare waste management is an integral part of healthcare services, and can create harm through inadequate waste management; thus reducing the overall benefits provided by healthcare centers. In the current study, a survey for medical waste disposal was performed in order to examine the current status of medical waste disposal in some hospitals in Alexandria and to properly assess management of this type of hazardous waste. A questionnaire was designed for hospitals to assess the quantity of medical waste, collection, sorting, storage, transportation and way of final disposal. From the total waste generated by healthcare activities, almost 80% are waste similar to domestic waste. The remaining approximate of 20% is considered as hazardous waste. As Alexandria has about 3911 healthcare facilities providing medical services for people, a huge amount of medical waste are generated daily with about 208 tons generated per month. The results revealed that the most common problems associated with healthcare wastes are the absence of waste management, lack of awareness about their health hazards, insufficient financial and human resources for proper management, and poor control of waste disposal. The current situation of medical waste disposal in Alexandria is depending on incinerators. Some of these incinerators are not working anymore. Incinerations as a system is not accepted at the time being in most developed countries due to the risks associated with it and suitable substitution management system for medical waste disposal is now taking its place. PMID:17187745

Hosny, Gihan; El-Zarka, Eman M A

2005-01-01

269

IN SITU RESTORATION TECHNIQUES FOR AQUIFERS CONTAMINATED WITH HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

Improper disposal of hazardous wastes is a threat to the nation's ground water supply. Methods which prevent contamination are probably the most effective techniques to protect ground water. Once contamination problems occur, there are a number of in situ techniques that can be u...

270

Household Hazardous Waste and Automotive Products: A Pennsylvania Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant fraction of household hazardous waste (HHW) is generated by home mechanics who use such products as motor oil, cleaners and solvents, and batteries. This survey assessed the following aspects: (1) perceptions of their health-related effects; (2) perceptions of their pollution potential; and (3) their use and disposal. (LZ)

Shorten, Charles V.; And Others

1995-01-01

271

ANNOTATED LITERATURE REFERENCES ON LAND TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

The major environmental problem in the decade of the 1980's will be the safe disposal of hazardous and municipal wastes and residues. Land treatment can be used to achieve specific effects through utilization of various management schemes. Through proper management of the land pr...

272

AIR EMISSIONS FROM THE INCINERATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

In the United States over the last ten years, concern over important disposal practices of the past has manifested itself in the passage of a series of federal and state-level hazardous waste clean-up and control statutes of unprecedented scope. he impact of these various statute...

273

AVOIDING FAILURE OF LEACHATE COLLECTION SYSTEMS AT HAZARDOUS WASTE LANDFILLS  

EPA Science Inventory

Failure of leachate collection systems is expected to be a problem in the operation of hazardous waste disposal facilities, just as failure of drainage systems has been a problem at agricultural sites. The principal failure mechanisms include sedimentation, clogging by biological...

274

Children's Understandings Related to Hazardous Household Items and Waste  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on children's understanding of hazardous household items (HHI) and waste (HHW). Children from grades 4, 5 and 6 (n=173) participated in a questionnaire and interview research design. The results indicate that: (a) on a daily basis the children used HHI and disposed of HHW, (b) the children did not realize the danger of these

Malandrakis, George N.

2008-01-01

275

Household Hazardous Waste: Everyone's Problem--Everyone's Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the household hazardous waste problem, addressing several areas related to regulation, disposal, and control. Also gives a list of safer alternatives for household cleaners/disinfectants, paint products, and pesticides. Indicates that individuals can collectively make a difference in public exposure by changing purchases and practices.

Evenson, Linda

1985-01-01

276

INCINERATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE: A CRITICAL REVIEW UPDATE  

EPA Science Inventory

Over the last 15 years, concern over improper disposal practices of the past has manifested itself in the passage of a series of federal nd tate-level hazardous waste cleanup and control statutes of unprecedented scope. As a result, there has been a significant modification of wa...

277

HANDBOOK FOR STABILIZATION/SOLIDIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

The handbook provides designers and reviewers of remedial action plans with the information and general guidance necessary to judge the feasibility of stabilization/solidification technology for the control of pollutant migration from hazardous waste disposed of on land. Topics a...

278

SECURING CONTAINERIZED HAZARDOUS WASTES WITH WELDED POLYETHYLENE ENCAPSULATES  

EPA Science Inventory

Full-scale encapsulation of 208-liter (55-gal) drums was studied as a means for managing corroding containers of hazardous wastes in the field and rendering them suitable for transport and safe deposit within a final disposal site such as a landfill. Polyethylene (PE) receivers w...

279

Phytoremediation of hazardous wastes  

SciTech Connect

A new and innovative approach to phytoremediation (the use of plants to degrade hazardous contaminants) was developed. The new approach to phytoremediation involves rigorous pathway analyses, mass balance determinations, and identification of specific enzymes that break down trinitrotoluene (TNT), other explosives (RDX and HMX), nitrobenzene, and chlorinated solvents (e.g., TCE and PCE) (EPA 1994). As a good example, TNT is completely and rapidly degraded by nitroreductase and laccase enzymes. The aromatic ring is broken and the carbon in the ring fragments is incorporated into new plant fiber, as part of the natural lignification process. Half lives for TNT degradation approach 1 hr or less under ideal laboratory conditions. Continuous-flow pilot studies indicate that scale up residence times in created wetlands may be two to three times longer than in laboratory batch studies. The use of created wetlands and land farming techniques guided by rigorous field biochemistry and ecology promises to be a vital part of a newly evolving field, ecological engineering.

McCutcheon, S.C.; Wolfe, N.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA (United States). Environmental Research Lab.; Carreria, L.H.; Ou, T.Y. [Dyn Corp., Inc., Athens, GA (United States)

1995-11-01

280

RSP WASTE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII RADIOACTIVE WASTE PICKUP REQUEST FORM Revision 06/07 (WASTE WHICH CONTAINS RADIOISOTOPES BUT NO HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS)  

E-print Network

RSP WASTE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII RADIOACTIVE WASTE PICKUP REQUEST FORM Revision 06/07 (WASTE WHICH CONTAINS RADIOISOTOPES BUT NO HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS) INSTRUCTIONS : 1. *NO ISOTOPES MAY BE MIXED IN THE WASTE BOX! One type of isotope per waste box - Except C-14 AND H-3 WHICH MAY BE DISPOSED OF TOGETHER. 2

Browder, Tom

281

Portable sensor for hazardous waste  

SciTech Connect

We are part-way through the second phase of a 4-year program designed to develop a portable monitor for sensitive hazardous waste detection. The ultimate goal of the program is to develop our concept to the prototype instrument level. Our monitor will be a compact, portable instrument that will allow real-time, in situ, monitoring of hazardous wastes. This instrument will be able to provide the means for rapid field screening of hazardous waste sites to map the areas of greatest contamination. Remediation efforts can then focus on these areas. Our analysis approach is to excite atomic and molecular fluorescence by the technique of active nitrogen energy transfer (ANET). The active nitrogen is made in a dielectric-barrier (D-B) discharge in nitrogen at atmospheric pressure. Only a few emission lines or bands are excited for each hazardous species, so spectral resolution requirements are greatly simplified over those of other spectroscopic techniques. The D-B discharge is compact, 1 to 2 cm in diameter and 1 to 10 cm long. Furthermore, the discharge power requirements are quite modest, so that the unit can be powered by batteries. Thus an instrument based on ANET can readily be made portable. Our results indicate that ANET is a very sensitive technique for monitoring heavy metals and chlorinated hydrocarbons. We have demonstrated an overall detection sensitivity for most species that is at or below ppb levels. ANET alone, however, appears to be most successful in treating hazardous species that have been atomized. We are therefore developing a hybrid technique which combines a miniature, solid-state laser for sample collection and vaporization with ANET for subsequent detection. This approach requires no special sample preparation, can operate continuously, and lends itself well to compact packaging.

Piper, L.G.; Hunter, A.J.R.; Fraser, M.E.; Davis, S.J.

1996-12-31

282

Examining a Hazardous Waste Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity helps students understand how Superfund sites are created. They discuss what activities produce hazardous waste, and how contaminants are released and spread into the air, water, soil, and groundwater. Students learn what types of pollution can be cleaned up using Superfund authority in the United States and what types are addressed through other laws. They construct a model aquifer to observe how contaminants move in groundwater. Warm-up exercises and suggested reading are also available.

2008-10-09

283

Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea  

SciTech Connect

Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

Singh, K. [Univ. of Papua New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)

1996-12-31

284

Radioactive solid waste disposal at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the current low-level radioactive solid waste disposal operations for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Depending on surface radiation levels, waste disposal operations are completed using various techniques and processes. In general, all disposal efforts are conducted by enhanced or greater confinement containment methods. The disposal operations described are (1) waste compaction operations, (2) low- and high-activity silo disposal, (3) supercompaction of waste containers, and (4) tumulus pad disposal.

Williams, L.C.

1988-01-01

285

Incineration of hazardous waste: A critical review update  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 15 years, concern over improper disposal practices of the past has manifested itself in the passage of a series of federal and state-level hazardous waste cleanup and control statutes of unprecedented scope. The more traditional and lowest-cost methods of direct landfilling, storage in surface impoundments and deep-well injection are being replaced in large measure by waste minimization

C. R. Dempsey; E. T. Oppelt

1993-01-01

286

Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. The review includes China (mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed. The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently.

Cirillo, R.R.; Chiu, S.; Chun, K.C.; Conzelmann, G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carpenter, R.A.; Indriyanto, S.H. [East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

1994-11-01

287

Environmental Hazards, Health, and Racial Inequity in Hazardous Waste Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the critical issue of hazardous wastes and associated human health problems. The issue of inequitable distribution of environmental hazards by race is discussed with special reference to a municipal solid waste landfill and the petrochemical plants as the principal environmental stressors in the Baton Rouge Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA). In a random sample of 213 respondents,

Francis O. Adeola

1994-01-01

288

Radiological hazards of alpha-contaminated waste  

SciTech Connect

The radiological hazards of alpha-contaminated wastes are discussed in this overview in terms of two components of hazard: radiobiological hazard, and radioecological hazard. Radiobiological hazard refers to human uptake of alpha-emitters by inhalation and ingestion, and the resultant dose to critical organs of the body. Radioecological hazard refers to the processes of release from buried wastes, transport in the environment, and translocation to man through the food chain. Besides detailing the sources and magnitude of hazards, this brief review identifies the uncertainties in their estimation, and implications for the regulatory process.

Rodgers, J.C.

1982-01-01

289

Toxic Overload: The Waste Disposal Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of the Environmental Protection Agency as ombudsman concerning waste disposal is examined with respect to both the current options of source reduction and recycling as pollution prevention, and alternative approaches that expand upon these current options, particularly with respect to toxic and medical waste. (JJK)

Knox, Robert J.

1991-01-01

290

System for Odorless Disposal of Human Waste  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual system provides clean, hygienic storage. Disposal system stores human wastes compactly. Releases no odor or bacteria and requires no dangerous chemicals or unpleasant handling. Stabilizes waste by natural process of biodegradation in which microbial activity eventually ceases and ordors and bacteria reduced to easily contained levels. Simple and reliable and needs little maintenance.

Jennings, Dave; Lewis, Tod

1987-01-01

291

Apparatus for the processing of solid mixed waste containing radioactive and hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apparatus for the continuous heating and melting of a solid mixed waste bearing radioactive and hazardous materials to form separate metallic, slag and gaseous phases for producing compact forms of the waste material to facilitate disposal includes a copper split water-cooled (cold) crucible as a reaction vessel for receiving the waste material. The waste material is heated by means of

Vitaly T. Gotovchikov; Alexander V. Ivanov; Eugene A. Filippov

1999-01-01

292

EVALUATION OF THE FEASIBILITY OF INCINERATING HAZARDOUS WASTE IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES  

EPA Science Inventory

In the search for disposal alternatives, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is evaluating the potential use of high-temperature processes for the incineration of hazardous wastes. Many kinds of waste have already been disposed of in boilers and cement kilns; this report con...

293

Disposable products in the hospital waste stream.  

PubMed Central

Use of disposable products in hospitals continues to increase despite limited landfill space and dwindling natural resources. We analyzed the use and disposal patterns of disposable hospital products to identify means of reducing noninfectious, nonhazardous hospital waste. In a 385-bed private teaching hospital, the 20 disposable products of which the greatest amounts (by weight) were purchased, were identified, and total hospital waste was tabulated. Samples of trash from three areas were sorted and weighed, and potential waste reductions from recycling and substituting reusable items were calculated. Business paper, trash liners, diapers, custom surgical packs, paper gowns, plastic suction bottles, and egg-crate pads were among the 20 top items and were analyzed individually. Data from sorted trash documented potential waste reductions through recycling and substitution of 78, 41, and 18 tonnes per year (1 tonne = 1,000 kg = 1.1 tons) from administration, the operating room, and adult wards, respectively (total hospital waste was 939 tonnes per year). We offer specific measures to substantially reduce nonhazardous hospital waste through substitution, minimization, and recycling of select disposable products. Images PMID:1595242

Gilden, D. J.; Scissors, K. N.; Reuler, J. B.

1992-01-01

294

49 CFR 172.205 - Hazardous waste manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Hazardous waste manifest. 172.205 Section...Shipping Papers 172.205 Hazardous waste manifest. (a) No person...transport, transfer, or deliver a hazardous waste (waste) unless an EPA...

2014-10-01

295

49 CFR 172.205 - Hazardous waste manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Hazardous waste manifest. 172.205 Section...Shipping Papers 172.205 Hazardous waste manifest. (a) No person...transport, transfer, or deliver a hazardous waste (waste) unless an EPA...

2012-10-01

296

49 CFR 172.205 - Hazardous waste manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hazardous waste manifest. 172.205 Section...Shipping Papers 172.205 Hazardous waste manifest. (a) No person...transport, transfer, or deliver a hazardous waste (waste) unless an EPA...

2010-10-01

297

49 CFR 172.205 - Hazardous waste manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Hazardous waste manifest. 172.205 Section...Shipping Papers 172.205 Hazardous waste manifest. (a) No person...transport, transfer, or deliver a hazardous waste (waste) unless an EPA...

2013-10-01

298

49 CFR 172.205 - Hazardous waste manifest.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hazardous waste manifest. 172.205 Section...Shipping Papers 172.205 Hazardous waste manifest. (a) No person...transport, transfer, or deliver a hazardous waste (waste) unless an EPA...

2011-10-01

299

Apparatus for incinerating hazardous waste  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for incinerating wastes, including an incinerator having a combustion chamber, a fluidtight shell enclosing the combustion chamber, an afterburner, an off-gas particulate removal system and an emergency off-gas cooling system. The region between the inner surface of the shell and the outer surface of the combustion chamber forms a cavity. Air is supplied to the cavity and heated as it passes over the outer surface of the combustion chamber. Heated air is drawn from the cavity and mixed with fuel for input into the combustion chamber. The pressure in the cavity is maintained at least approximately 2.5 cm WC (about 1" WC) higher than the pressure in the combustion chamber. Gases cannot leak from the combustion chamber since the pressure outside the chamber (inside the cavity) is higher than the pressure inside the chamber. The apparatus can be used to treat any combustible wastes, including biological wastes, toxic materials, low level radioactive wastes, and mixed hazardous and low level transuranic wastes.

Chang, Robert C. W. (Martinez, GA)

1994-01-01

300

Apparatus for incinerating hazardous waste  

DOEpatents

An apparatus is described for incinerating wastes, including an incinerator having a combustion chamber, a fluid-tight shell enclosing the combustion chamber, an afterburner, an off-gas particulate removal system and an emergency off-gas cooling system. The region between the inner surface of the shell and the outer surface of the combustion chamber forms a cavity. Air is supplied to the cavity and heated as it passes over the outer surface of the combustion chamber. Heated air is drawn from the cavity and mixed with fuel for input into the combustion chamber. The pressure in the cavity is maintained at least approximately 2.5 cm WC higher than the pressure in the combustion chamber. Gases cannot leak from the combustion chamber since the pressure outside the chamber (inside the cavity) is higher than the pressure inside the chamber. The apparatus can be used to treat any combustible wastes, including biological wastes, toxic materials, low level radioactive wastes, and mixed hazardous and low level transuranic wastes. 1 figure.

Chang, R.C.W.

1994-12-20

301

A multiobjective programming model for locating treatment sites and routing hazardous wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a multiobjective model for locating disposal or treatment facilities and transporting hazardous waste along the links of a transportation network are presented. Some of the nodes of this network may be population centres generating hazardous waste which must be transported to the treatment facilities. Four objectives are considered: (1) minimisation of total operating cost, (2) minimisation of

Ioannis Giannikos

1998-01-01

302

Locating hazardous waste facilities: The influence of NIMBY beliefs  

SciTech Connect

The [open quote]Not-In-My-Backyard[close quote] (NIMBY) syndrome is analyzed in economic decision making. Belief statements that reflect specific NIMBY concerns are subjected to factor analysis and the structure reveals two dimensions: tolerance and avoidance. Tolerance reflects an acceptance of rational economic arguments regarding the siting of a hazardous waste facility and avoidance reflects a more personal fear-of-consequences. Analysis identifies demographic characteristics of individuals likely to exhibit these two beliefs. These beliefs also are shown to influence the acceptance of a hazardous waste disposal facility in ones neighborhood when compensation is offered.

Groothuis, P.A.; Miller, G. (Westminster College, New Wilmington, PA (United States))

1994-07-01

303

Management of hazardous materials and wastes  

SciTech Connect

This book considers the generation, treatment of technology of hazardous substances and covers such wide-ranging aspects as the types of hazardous and toxic wastes produced to the management and treatment of the wastes including landfill, incinerator and biotechnology processes. It also considers waste minimization and reduction methods. Reduction of the bulk of hazardous and toxic materials is of fundamental importance in future plannings. Regulations, management and transportation are covered.

Majumdar, S.K. (Lafayette College, Easton, PA (US)); Miller, E.W. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (USA). Dept. of Geography); Schmalz, R.F. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (USA). Dept. of Geology)

1989-01-01

304

EVALUATION OF THE APPLICABILITY OF SUBSIDENCE MODELS TO HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA has discovered a number of uncontrolled hazardous waste sites in close proximity to abandoned underground mines. Further, several Resource Conservation and Recovery Act permit applications have been received for treatment, storage, or disposal facilities located in areas wher...

305

UNCONTROLLED/UNREGULATED HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES (FORMERLY SUPERFUND), NEUSE RIVER WATERSHED, NC  

EPA Science Inventory

The North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Divison of Waste Management, Superfund Section in cooperation with the North Carolina Center for Geographic Information and Analysis developed the digital Hazardous Substance Disposal Sites data to enhan...

306

GEOSYNTHETIC DESIGN GUIDANCE FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE LANDFILL CELLS AND SURFACE IMPOUNDMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides guidance design procedures for the use of geosynthetic materials in hazardous waste land disposal cells. Primary geosynthetic components include flexible membrane liners (FML) used to limit the flow of leachate, and leachate collection and removal systems (LCR...

307

Hazardous solid waste from domestic wastewater treatment plants.  

PubMed Central

The treatment of liquid wastes in municipal sewage treatment plants creates significant quantities of solid residue for disposal. The potential hazard from these wastes requires that their characteristics be determined accurately to develop environmentally sound management criteria. It is readily recognized that the sludge characteristics vary with the type and degree of industrial activity within a wastewater collection system and that these characteristics play a significant role in determining whether the material has potential for beneficial reuse or if it must be directed to final disposal. This paper offers an overview of past and present practices of sewage sludge disposal, an indication of quantities produced, and experience with beneficial reuse. An estimated range of costs involved, expected environmental effects and potential for continued use is offered for each disposal or reuse system discussed. PMID:738239

Harrington, W M

1978-01-01

308

The disposal of nuclear waste in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The important problem of disposal of nuclear waste in space is addressed. A prior study proposed carrying only actinide wastes to space, but the present study assumes that all actinides and all fission products are to be carried to space. It is shown that nuclear waste in the calcine (oxide) form can be packaged in a container designed to provide thermal control, radiation shielding, mechanical containment, and an abort reentry thermal protection system. This package can be transported to orbit via the Space Shuttle. A second Space Shuttle delivers an oxygen-hydrogen orbit transfer vehicle to a rendezvous compatible orbit and the mated OTV and waste package are sent to the preferred destination. Preferred locations are either a lunar crater or a solar orbit. Shuttle traffic densities (which vary in time) are given and the safety of space disposal of wastes discussed.

Burns, R. E.

1978-01-01

309

Dutch geologic radioactive waste disposal project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geologic disposal of radioactive waste is reviewed. The radionuclide release consequences of an accidental flooding of the underground excavations was studied. The results of the quantitative examples made for different effective cross sections of the permeable layer connecting the mine excavations with the boundary of the salt dome are that under all circumstances the concentration of the waste nuclides in drinking water will remain well within the ICRP maximum permissible concentrations. Further analysis work was done on what minima can be achieved for both the maximum local rock salt temperatures at the disposal borehole walls and the maximum global rock salt temperatures halfway between a square of disposal boreholes. Different multilayer disposal configurations were analyzed and compared.

Hamstra, J.; Verkerk, B.

310

THERMODYNAMIC FUNDAMENTALS USED IN HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Thermodynamics is the basic foundation of many engineeringpractices. nvironmental engineering is no exception, it is usingthermodynamic principles in many applications. n particular,those who are involved in the incineration of various wastes suchas hazardous and municipal wastes...

311

Improving Tamper Detection for Hazardous Waste Security  

SciTech Connect

Since September 11, waste managers are increasingly expected to provide effective security for their hazardous wastes. Tamper-indicating seals can help. This paper discusses seals, and offers recommendations for how to choose and use them.

Johnston, R. G.; Garcia, A. R. E.; Pacheco, N.; Martinez, R. K.; Martinez, D. D.; Trujillo, S. J.; Lopez, L. N.

2003-02-26

312

Hazardous Waste Management System; identification and listing of hazardous waste  

SciTech Connect

EPA is finalizing the listings of 80 hazardous wastes from nonspecific sources such as spent halogenated and nonhalogenated solvents and the still bottoms from the recovery of these solvents, and the centrifuge and distillation residues from toluene diisocyanate production; and from specific sources such as distillation bottoms and side cuts from the production of acetaldehyde from ethylene, and dissolved air flotation float, slop oil emulsion solids, heat exchanger bundle cleaning sludge, API separator sludge, and tank bottoms (leaded) from the petroleum refining industry. These listings, which were promulgated in interim final form on 5/19/80 become effective on 11/19/80. The listing of wastes such as distillation light ends and bottoms from the production of phthalic anhydride from o-xylene will become effective on 5/12/81. Also finalized are the toxic constituents of concern in each listed waste such as acrylonitrile and formaldehyde. Methanol and methyl isobutyl ketone have been deleted from the list of toxic constituents.

Not Available

1980-11-12

313

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 9 1 Identification of Hazardous Chemical Waste  

E-print Network

Hazardous Chemical Waste Management Reference Guide for Laboratories 9 1 · Identification of Hazardous Chemical Waste OBJECTIVES Do you know how to do the following? If you do, skip ahead to Minimization of Hazardous Waste section. If you do not, continue on in this section. · Determine whether

Ford, James

314

Movement of selected metals, asbestos, and cyanide in soil: applications to waste disposal problems. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents information on movement of selected hazardous substances in soil which can be applied to problems of selecting and operating land disposal sites for wastes containing arsenic, asbestos, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, copper, cyanide, iron, lead, mercury, selenium, and zinc. The information is based on a literature review, laboratory studies of movement of hazardous substances through soil in municipal

Fuller

1977-01-01

315

Catalog of Hazardous and Solid Waste Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently made available online, this twelfth edition of the Catalog of Hazardous and Solid Waste Publications "lists hazardous and solid waste documents released by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Solid Waste (OSW)." The select list covers publications that have been frequently requested. It is not intended as a comprehensive list. Current through July 15, 1999, the catalog contains shortcuts to Office of Solid Waste Websites, Other EPA Sources for Hazardous/ Solid Waste Materials, an Alphabetical Listing of Titles, an Alphabetical Listing of Subjects, a Numerical Listing of Publications, Ordering Information and Forms, and an Acronyms section.

316

Future trends which will influence waste disposal.  

PubMed Central

The disposal and management of solid wastes are ancient problems. The evolution of practices naturally changed as populations grew and sites for disposal became less acceptable. The central search was for easy disposal at minimum costs. The methods changed from indiscriminate dumping to sanitary landfill, feeding to swine, reduction, incineration, and various forms of re-use and recycling. Virtually all procedures have disabilities and rising costs. Many methods once abandoned are being rediscovered. Promises for so-called innovations outstrip accomplishments. Markets for salvage vary widely or disappear completely. The search for conserving materials and energy at minimum cost must go on forever. PMID:570105

Wolman, A

1978-01-01

317

Guidelines for generators of hazardous chemical waste at LBL and guidelines for generators of radioactive and mixed waste at LBL  

SciTech Connect

In part one of this document the Governing Documents and Definitions sections provide general guidelines and regulations applying to the handling of hazardous chemical wastes. The remaining sections provide details on how you can prepare your waste properly for transport and disposal. They are correlated with the steps you must take to properly prepare your waste for pickup. The purpose of the second part of this document is to provide the acceptance criteria for the transfer of radioactive and mixed waste to LBL's Hazardous Waste Handling Facility (HWHF). These guidelines describe how you, as a generator of radioactive or mixed waste, can meet LBL's acceptance criteria for radioactive and mixed waste.

Not Available

1991-09-01

318

Vitrification of hazardous and radioactive wastes  

SciTech Connect

Vitrification offers many attractive waste stabilization options. Versatility of waste compositions, as well as the inherent durability of a glass waste form, have made vitrification the treatment of choice for high-level radioactive wastes. Adapting the technology to other hazardous and radioactive waste streams will provide an environmentally acceptable solution to many of the waste challenges that face the public today. This document reviews various types and technologies involved in vitrification.

Bickford, D.F.; Schumacher, R.

1995-12-31

319

The safe disposal of radioactive wastes  

PubMed Central

A comprehensive review is given of the principles and problems involved in the safe disposal of radioactive wastes. The first part is devoted to a study of the basic facts of radioactivity and of nuclear fission, the characteristics of radioisotopes, the effects of ionizing radiations, and the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity for workers and for the general public. In the second part, the author describes the different types of radioactive wastereactor wastes and wastes arising from the use of radioisotopes in hospitals and in industryand discusses the application of the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity to their disposal and treatment, illustrating his discussion with an account of the methods practised at the principal atomic energy establishments. PMID:13374534

Kenny, A. W.

1956-01-01

320

Specialized Disposal Sites for Different Reprocessing Plant Wastes  

SciTech Connect

Once-through fuel cycles have one waste form: spent nuclear fuel (SNF). In contrast, the reprocessed SNF yields multiple wastes with different chemical, physical, and radionuclide characteristics. The different characteristics of each waste imply that there are potential cost and performance benefits to developing different disposal sites that match the disposal requirements of different waste. Disposal sites as defined herein may be located in different geologies or in a single repository containing multiple sections, each with different characteristics. The paper describes disposal options for specific wastes and the potential for a waste management system that better couples various reprocessing plant wastes with disposal facilities. (authors)

Forsberg, Charles W. [Nuclear Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831 (United States); Driscoll, Michael J. [Department of Nuclear Science and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02139 (United States)

2007-07-01

321

What was leaking from a hazardous-waste dump  

SciTech Connect

The city of Niagara Falls, N.Y., is the home of several toxic waste disposal sites, the most famous of which is Love Canal. Although less well known, the Hyde Park dump is equally noxious. This hazardous-waste dump was operated by the Hooker Chemical Company from about 1953 to 1975. Approximately 55,000 tons of halogenated waste were buried at this site, which is just north of the city. The Hyde Park dump is drained by Bloody Run Creek. Ronald A. Hites of Indiana University outlines the steps taken to identify the structures of organic compounds leaking from the Hyde Park dump.

Hites, R.A.

1988-05-15

322

Radiological hazards of TENORM in the wasted petroleum pipes.  

PubMed

Disposal petroleum pipes containing sludge and scale as a technically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM) leads to internal and external radiation hazards and then a significant radiation dose to the workers. In order to contribute to a future waste management policy related to the presence of TENORM in the disposal sites of wasted petroleum pipes, scale and sludge as TENORM wastes are collected form these disposal pipes for radiometric analysis. These pipes are imported from onshore oilfields at south Sinai governorate, Egypt. The highest mean (226)Ra and (228)Ra concentrations of 519 and 50 kBq/kg respectively, were measured in scale samples. Sludge lies within the normal range of radium concentration. The average absorbed dose caused by the exposure to the wasted pipes equal to 4.09 microGy h(-1) from sludge and 262 microGy h(-1) from scale. This is much higher than the acceptable level of 0.059 microGy h(-1). Due to radon inhalation, important radon related parameters are calculated which advantage in internal dose calculation. Fairly good correlation between real radium content and radon exhalation rate for sludge samples is obtained. The hazards from sludge come from its high emanation power for radon which equal to 3.83%. The obtained results demonstrate the need of screening oil residues for their radionuclide content in order to decide about their final disposal. PMID:19782444

Abo-Elmagd, M; Soliman, H A; Salman, Kh A; El-Masry, N M

2010-01-01

323

Project report for the commercial disposal of mixed low-level waste debris  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the basis for the commercial disposal of Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) mixed low-level waste (MLLW) debris and the associated activities. Mixed waste is radioactive waste plus hazardous waste as defined by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The critical factors for this project were DOE 5820.2A exemption, contracting mechanism, NEPA documentation, sampling and analysis, time limitation and transportation of waste. This report also will provide a guide or a starting place for future use of Envirocare of Utah or other private sector disposal/treatment facilities, and the lessons learned during this project.

Andrews, G.; Balls, V.; Shea, T.; Thiesen, T.

1994-05-01

324

Hazardous Waste Handling Should be Defined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the handling, storage and disposition of hazardous wastes from municipal and industrial sources, with a plea for the development of a uniform national hazardous waste code or listing that would be acceptable and useful to all state and federal agencies. (LK)

Steigman, Harry

1972-01-01

325

Investigation of separation, treatment, and recycling options for hazardous paint blast media waste. Final report  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Army depot depaint operations generate over 4 million kg per year of contaminated paint blast media wastes. The objective of this work was to investigate technologies that might significantly mitigate this Army hazardous waste disposal problem. Most of the technologies investigated either failed to meet acceptable TCLP levels for hazardous metals content, or failed to meet Army disposal requirements. However, based on a review of several commercially available services, it is recommended that Army depot depaint operations consider processing hazardous blast media waste through properly regulated contractors that offer safe, effective, and economical stabilization, fixation, and recycling technologies.

Boy, J.H.; Race, T.D.; Reinbold, K.A.

1996-02-01

326

75 FR 13066 - Hazardous Waste Technical Corrections and Clarifications Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...EPA-RCRA-2008-0678; FRL-9127-8] RIN 2050-AG52 Hazardous Waste Technical Corrections and Clarifications...correct or clarify several parts of the hazardous waste regulations that relate to hazardous waste identification, manifesting, the...

2010-03-18

327

Identification of the source of methane at a hazardous waste treatment facility using isotopic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isotopic analyses have been used to determine the source of methane in subsurface sediments at a hazardous waste treatment facility in the Lake Calumet area of Chicago, Illinois. The study area is surrounded by landfills and other waste management operations and has a long history of waste disposal. The facility property consists of land constructed of approximately 15 feet of

K. C. Hackley; C. L. Liu; D. P. Trainor

1992-01-01

328

Survey of household hazardous wastes and related collection programs. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report summarizes the results of a study that addressed: the definition of household hazardous wastes (HHW); the quantities of HHW in the municipal-waste stream; the impacts of HHW on homeowners, solid-waste collection and disposal personnel, and the environment; and HHW collection programs conducted at State and local levels. A standard definition of HHW was developed and lists of household

G. L. Mitchell; D. M. Demichelis; J. D. Marshall; S. F. Flaherty

1986-01-01

329

Low level tank waste disposal study  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) contracted a team consisting of Los Alamos Technical Associates (LATA), British Nuclear Fuel Laboratories (BNFL), Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), and TRW through the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Technical Support Contract to conduct a study on several areas concerning vitrification and disposal of low-level-waste (LLW). The purpose of the study was to investigate how several parameters could be specified to achieve full compliance with regulations. The most restrictive regulation governing this disposal activity is the National Primary Drinking Water Act which sets the limits of exposure to 4 mrem per year for a person drinking two liters of ground water daily. To fully comply, this constraint would be met independently of the passage of time. In addition, another key factor in the investigation was the capability to retrieve the disposed waste during the first 50 years as specified in Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5820.2A. The objective of the project was to develop a strategy for effective long-term disposal of the low-level waste at the Hanford site.

Mullally, J.A.

1994-09-29

330

High-level nuclear waste disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The meeting was timely because many countries had begun their site selection processes and their engineering designs were becoming well-defined. The technology of nuclear waste disposal was maturing, and the institutional issues arising from the implementation of that technology were being confronted. Accordingly, the program was structured to consider both the technical and institutional aspects of the subject. The meeting

1985-01-01

331

DISPOSAL OF FLUE-GAS-CLEANING WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

The article describes current commercial and emerging technology for disposal of wastes from flue gas cleaning (FGC) systems for coal-fired power plants. Over 80 million metric tons/yr (dry) of coal ash and desulfurization solids are expected to be produced by the 1980's. Althoug...

332

SAFE DISPOSAL METHODS FOR AGRICULTURAL PESTICIDE WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

A systematic evaluation of disposal systems for diluted waste pesticides was conducted at two Iowa State University experimental farms. One system, located at the Horticultural Research Station, consisted of a 30,000-liter concrete-lined pit filled with a layer of soil between tw...

333

21 CFR 1250.75 - Disposal of human wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Disposal of human wastes. 1250.75 Section 1250.75...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances 1250.75 Disposal of human wastes. (a) At servicing...

2011-04-01

334

21 CFR 1250.75 - Disposal of human wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Disposal of human wastes. 1250.75 Section 1250.75...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances 1250.75 Disposal of human wastes. (a) At servicing...

2010-04-01

335

21 CFR 1250.75 - Disposal of human wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Disposal of human wastes. 1250.75 Section 1250.75...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances 1250.75 Disposal of human wastes. (a) At servicing...

2014-04-01

336

21 CFR 1250.75 - Disposal of human wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Disposal of human wastes. 1250.75 Section 1250.75...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances 1250.75 Disposal of human wastes. (a) At servicing...

2013-04-01

337

21 CFR 1250.75 - Disposal of human wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Disposal of human wastes. 1250.75 Section 1250.75...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...Conveyances 1250.75 Disposal of human wastes. (a) At servicing...

2012-04-01

338

20 CFR 654.406 - Excreta and liquid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Excreta and liquid waste disposal. 654.406 Section 654.406 Employees' Benefits...Housing Standards 654.406 Excreta and liquid waste disposal. (a) Facilities shall be provided and...

2010-04-01

339

10 CFR 20.2108 - Records of waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Records of waste disposal. 20.2108 Section 20.2108 Energy NUCLEAR...AGAINST RADIATION Records 20.2108 Records of waste disposal. (a) Each licensee shall maintain records...

2010-01-01

340

Space Station tethered waste disposal  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Transportation System (STS) launches more payload to the Space Station than can be returned creating an accumulation of waste. Several methods of deorbiting the waste are compared including an OMV, solid rocket motors, and a tether system. The use of tethers is shown to offer the unique potential of having a net savings in STS launch requirement. Tether technology is being developed which can satisfy the deorbit requirements but additional effort is required in waste processing, packaging, and container design. The first step in developing this capability is already underway in the Small Expendable Deployer System program. A developmental flight test of a tether initiated recovery system is seen as the second step in the evolution of this capability.

Rupp, Charles C.

1988-01-01

341

COMPILATION OF DISPOSABLE SOLID WASTE CASK EVALUATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Disposable Solid Waste Cask (DSWC) is a shielded cask capable of transporting, storing, and disposing of six non-fuel core components or approximately 27 cubic feet of radioactive solid waste. Five existing DSWCs are candidates for use in storing and disposing of non-fuel core components and radioactive solid waste from the Interim Examination and Maintenance Cell, ultimately shipping them to the 200 West Area disposal site for burial. A series of inspections, studies, analyses, and modifications were performed to ensure that these casks can be used to safely ship solid waste. These inspections, studies, analyses, and modifications are summarized and attached in this report. Visual inspection of the casks interiors provided information with respect to condition of the casks inner liners. Because water was allowed to enter the casks for varying lengths of time, condition of the cask liner pipe to bottom plate weld was of concern. Based on the visual inspection and a corrosion study, it was concluded that four of the five casks can be used from a corrosion standpoint. Only DSWC S/N-004 would need additional inspection and analysis to determine its usefulness. The five remaining DSWCs underwent some modification to prepare them for use. The existing cask lifting inserts were found to be corroded and deemed unusable. New lifting anchor bolts were installed to replace the existing anchors. Alternate lift lugs were fabricated for use with the new lifting anchor bolts. The cask tiedown frame was modified to facilitate adjustment of the cask tiedowns. As a result of the above mentioned inspections, studies, analysis, and modifications, four of the five existing casks can be used to store and transport waste from the Interim Examination and Maintenance Cell to the disposal site for burial. The fifth cask, DSWC S/N-004, would require further inspections before it could be used.

THIELGES, J.R.; CHASTAIN, S.A.

2007-06-21

342

Former Hazardous Waste Management Facility -Perimeter Soils Update  

E-print Network

Former Hazardous Waste Management Facility - Perimeter Soils Update Brookhaven National Laboratory Division #12;2 Background Cesium -137 contamination found outside the Former Hazardous Waste Management

Homes, Christopher C.

343

Waste isolation pilot plant disposal room model  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes development of the conceptual and mathematical models for the part of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) repository performance assessment that is concerned with what happens to the waste over long times after the repository is decommissioned. These models, collectively referred to as the {open_quotes}Disposal Room Model,{close_quotes} describe the repository closure process during which deformation of the surrounding salt consolidates the waste. First, the relationship of repository closure to demonstration of compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standard (40 CFR 191 Appendix C) and how sensitive performance results are to it are examined. Next, a detailed description is provided of the elements of the disposal region, and properties selected for the salt, waste, and other potential disposal features such as backfill. Included in the discussion is an explanation of how the various models were developed over time. Other aspects of closure analysis, such as the waste flow model and method of analysis, are also described. Finally, the closure predictions used in the final performance assessment analysis for the WIPP Compliance Certification Application are summarized.

Butcher, B.M.

1997-08-01

344

Vitrification: Destroying and immobilizing hazardous wastes  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at the US Department of Energy`s Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) have led the development of vitrification a versatile adaptable process that transforms waste solutions, slurries, moist powder and/or dry solids into a chemically durable glass form. The glass form can be safely disposed or used for other purposes, such as construction material if non-radioactive. The feed used in the process can be either combustible or non-combustible. Organic compounds are decomposed in the melters` plenum, while the inorganic residue melts into a molten glass pool. The glass produced by this process is a chemically durable material comparable to natural obsidian. Its properties typically allow it to pass the EPA Toxicity (TCLP) test as non-hazardous. To date, no glass produced by vitrification has failed the TCLP test. Vitrification is thus an ideal method of treating DOE`s mixed waste because of its ability to destroy organic compounds and bind toxic or radioactive elements. This article provides an overview of the technology.

Chapman, C.C.; Peters, R.D.; Perez, J.M.

1994-04-01

345

Nuclear-waste disposal in geologic repositories  

SciTech Connect

Deep geologic repositories are being widely studied as the most favored method of disposal of nuclear waste. Scientists search for repository sites in salt, basalt, tuff and granite that are geologically and hydrologically suitable. The systematic evaluation of the safety and reliability of deep geologic disposal centers around the concept of interacting multiple barriers. The simplest element to describe of the geologic barrier is the physical isolation of the waste in a remote region at some depth within the rock unit. Of greater complexity is the hydrologic barrier which is determined by the waste dilution factors and groundwater flow rates. The least understood is the geochemical barrier, identified as a series of waste/water/rock interactions involving sorption, membrane filtration, precipitation and complexing. In addition to the natural barriers are the engineered barriers, which include the waste form and waste package. The relative effectiveness of these barriers to provide long-term isolation of nuclear waste from the human environment is being assessed through the use of analytical and numerical models. The data used in the models is generally adequate for parameter sensitivity studies which bound the uncertainties in the release and transport predictions; however, much of the data comes from laboratory testing, and the problem of correlating laboratory and field measurements has not been resolved. Although safety assessments based on generic sites have been useful in the past for developing site selection criteria, site-specific studies are needed to judge the suitability of a particular host rock and its environment.

Isherwood, D.

1982-08-02

346

36 CFR 13.1912 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Solid waste disposal. 13.1912 Section 13.1912 Parks...National Park and Preserve 13.1912 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste disposal site may accept non-National Park...

2010-07-01

347

36 CFR 13.1008 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Solid waste disposal. 13.1008 Section 13.1008 Parks...National Park and Preserve 13.1008 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste disposal site may accept non-National Park...

2010-07-01

348

36 CFR 13.1604 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Solid waste disposal. 13.1604 Section 13.1604 Parks...National Park and Preserve 13.1604 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste disposal site may accept non-National Park...

2010-07-01

349

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) General Contingency Plan for Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Units at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant  

SciTech Connect

This contingency plan provides a description of the Y-12 plant and its waste units and prescribes control procedures and emergency response procedures. It lists emergency and spill response equipment, provides information on coordination agreements with local agencies, and describes the evacuation plan and reporting requirements.

None

1999-04-01

350

University of Twente hazardous wast regulations 1 Introduction  

E-print Network

1 University of Twente hazardous wast regulations 1 Introduction Effective from June 2011 the collection of hazardous waste has been outsourced to van Gansewinkel. The hazardous waste is collected that the hazardous waste is to be offered directly to the collector by the parties offering waste at a designated

Twente, Universiteit

351

40 CFR 261.3 - Definition of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...part was listed. (h)(1) Hazardous waste containing radioactive waste is no longer a hazardous waste when it meets...40 CFR part 266, Subpart N (eligible radioactive mixed waste). (2) The exemption described in...

2014-07-01

352

40 CFR 261.3 - Definition of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...part was listed. (h)(1) Hazardous waste containing radioactive waste is no longer a hazardous waste when it meets...40 CFR part 266, Subpart N (eligible radioactive mixed waste). (2) The exemption described in...

2012-07-01

353

40 CFR 261.3 - Definition of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...part was listed. (h)(1) Hazardous waste containing radioactive waste is no longer a hazardous waste when it meets...40 CFR part 266, Subpart N (eligible radioactive mixed waste). (2) The exemption described in...

2011-07-01

354

40 CFR 261.3 - Definition of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...part was listed. (h)(1) Hazardous waste containing radioactive waste is no longer a hazardous waste when it meets...40 CFR part 266, Subpart N (eligible radioactive mixed waste). (2) The exemption described in...

2013-07-01

355

HAZARDOUS WASTE SATELLITE ACCUMULATION AREA REQUIREMENTS 1. Mark all waste containers conspicuously with the words "Hazardous Waste."  

E-print Network

HAZARDOUS WASTE SATELLITE ACCUMULATION AREA REQUIREMENTS 1. Mark all waste containers conspicuously with the words "Hazardous Waste." 2. Label all containers accurately, indicating the constituents and approximate is intact. 3. Limit the satellite area waste volume to no more than 55 gallons of waste, or one quart

Slatton, Clint

356

75 FR 20942 - Hazardous Waste Management System; Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste; Removal of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of critical interspecies differences in urine composition. Saccharin...Evaluation of Waste Generation and Management Information for Saccharin...any risk from a plausible management scenario (e.g., disposal...the waste generation and management information for...

2010-04-22

357

75 FR 78918 - Hazardous Waste Management System; Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste; Removal of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of critical interspecies differences in urine composition...Evaluation of Waste Generation and Management Information for Saccharin...any risk from a plausible management scenario (e. g., disposal...assessment of waste generation and management information for...

2010-12-17

358

A perspective of hazardous waste and mixed waste treatment technology at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

Treatment technologies for the preparation and treatment of heavy metal mixed wastes, contaminated soils, and mixed mercury wastes are being considered at the Savannah River Site (SRS), a DOE nuclear material processing facility operated by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). The proposed treatment technologies to be included at the Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Treatment Building at SRS are based on the regulatory requirements, projected waste volumes, existing technology, cost effectiveness, and project schedule. Waste sorting and size reduction are the initial step in the treatment process. After sorting/size reduction the wastes would go to the next applicable treatment module. For solid heavy metal mixed wastes the proposed treatment is macroencapsulation using a thermoplastic polymer. This process reduces the leachability of hazardous constituents from the waste and allows easy verification of the coating integrity. Stabilization and solidification in a cement matrix will treat a wide variety of wastes (i.e. soils, decontamination water). Some pretreatments may be required (i.e. Ph adjustment) before stabilization. Other pretreatments such as soil washing can reduce the amount of waste to be stabilized. Radioactive contaminated mercury waste at the SRS comes in numerous forms (i.e. process equipment, soils, and lab waste) with the required treatment of high mercury wastes being roasting/retorting and recovery. Any unrecyclable radioactive contaminated elemental mercury would be amalgamated, utilizing a batch system, before disposal.

England, J.L.; Venkatesh, S.; Bailey, L.L.; Langton, C.A.; Hay, M.S.; Stevens, C.B.; Carroll, S.J.

1991-01-01

359

A perspective of hazardous waste and mixed waste treatment technology at the Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect

Treatment technologies for the preparation and treatment of heavy metal mixed wastes, contaminated soils, and mixed mercury wastes are being considered at the Savannah River Site (SRS), a DOE nuclear material processing facility operated by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). The proposed treatment technologies to be included at the Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Treatment Building at SRS are based on the regulatory requirements, projected waste volumes, existing technology, cost effectiveness, and project schedule. Waste sorting and size reduction are the initial step in the treatment process. After sorting/size reduction the wastes would go to the next applicable treatment module. For solid heavy metal mixed wastes the proposed treatment is macroencapsulation using a thermoplastic polymer. This process reduces the leachability of hazardous constituents from the waste and allows easy verification of the coating integrity. Stabilization and solidification in a cement matrix will treat a wide variety of wastes (i.e. soils, decontamination water). Some pretreatments may be required (i.e. Ph adjustment) before stabilization. Other pretreatments such as soil washing can reduce the amount of waste to be stabilized. Radioactive contaminated mercury waste at the SRS comes in numerous forms (i.e. process equipment, soils, and lab waste) with the required treatment of high mercury wastes being roasting/retorting and recovery. Any unrecyclable radioactive contaminated elemental mercury would be amalgamated, utilizing a batch system, before disposal.

England, J.L.; Venkatesh, S.; Bailey, L.L.; Langton, C.A.; Hay, M.S.; Stevens, C.B.; Carroll, S.J.

1991-12-31

360

UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS  

E-print Network

UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES

Aluwihare, Lihini

361

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS What are hazardous materials?  

E-print Network

, and contaminated PPE in a compatible waste container; CLOSE the container, label it "Hazardous Waste" and specify. These regulations contain requirements for hazardous material inventories, training, and proper waste disposalHAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS What are hazardous materials? Hazardous materials are chemicals

Fernandez, Eduardo

362

Stabilization and disposal of Argonne-West low-level mixed wastes in ceramicrete waste forms.  

SciTech Connect

The technology of room-temperature-setting phosphate ceramics or Ceramicrete{trademark} technology, developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)-East is being used to treat and dispose of low-level mixed wastes through the Department of Energy complex. During the past year, Ceramicrete{trademark} technology was implemented for field application at ANL-West. Debris wastes were treated and stabilized: (a) Hg-contaminated low-level radioactive crushed light bulbs and (b) low-level radioactive Pb-lined gloves (part of the MWIR {number_sign} AW-W002 waste stream). In addition to hazardous metals, these wastes are contaminated with low-level fission products. Initially, bench-scale waste forms with simulated and actual waste streams were fabricated by acid-base reactions between mixtures of magnesium oxide powders and an acid phosphate solution, and the wastes. Size reduction of Pb-lined plastic glove waste was accomplished by cryofractionation. The Ceramicrete{trademark} process produces dense, hard ceramic waste forms. Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) results showed excellent stabilization of both Hg and Pb in the waste forms. The principal advantage of this technology is that immobilization of contaminants is the result of both chemical stabilization and subsequent microencapsulation of the reaction products. Based on bench-scale studies, Ceramicrete{trademark} technology has been implemented in the fabrication of 5-gal waste forms at ANL-West. Approximately 35 kg of real waste has been treated. The TCLP is being conducted on the samples from the 5-gal waste forms. It is expected that because the waste forms pass the limits set by the EPAs Universal Treatment Standard, they will be sent to a radioactive-waste disposal facility.

Barber, D. B.; Singh, D.; Strain, R. V.; Tlustochowicz, M.; Wagh, A. S.

1998-02-17

363

Effects of Heat Generation on Nuclear Waste Disposal in Salt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disposal of nuclear waste in salt is an established technology, as evidenced by the successful operations of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) since 1999. The WIPP is located in bedded salt in southeastern New Mexico and is a deep underground facility for transuranic (TRU) nuclear waste disposal. There are many advantages for placing radioactive wastes in a geologic bedded-salt

D. J. Clayton

2008-01-01

364

Nuclear shipping and waste disposal cost estimates  

SciTech Connect

Cost estimates for the shipping of spent fuel from the reactor, shipping of waste from the reprocessing plant, and disposal of reprocessing plant wastes have been made for five reactor types. The reactors considered are the light-water reactor (LWR), the mixed-oxide-fueled light-water reactor (MOX), the Canadian deuterium-uranium reactor (CANDU), the fast breeder reactor (FBR), and the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). In addition to the cost estimates, this report provides details on the bases and assumptions used to develop the cost estimates.

Hudson, C.R. II

1977-11-01

365

Corrosion issues in nuclear waste disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarized some corrosion issues specific to nuclear waste disposal and illustrates them by the French geological clay concept for the reliable prediction of container degradation rate and engineering barrier integrity over extended periods, up to several thousands years. Among the items, the following are included:The importance of the underground repository conditions.The necessity of developing comprehensive semi-empirical models and

Damien Fron; Didier Crusset; Jean-Marie Gras

2008-01-01

366

Decontamination and disposal of PCB wastes.  

PubMed Central

Decontamination and disposal processes for PCB wastes are reviewed. Processes are classed as incineration, chemical reaction or decontamination. Incineration technologies are not limited to the rigorous high temperature but include those where innovations in use of oxident, heat transfer and residue recycle are made. Chemical processes include the sodium processes, radiant energy processes and low temperature oxidations. Typical processing rates and associated costs are provided where possible. PMID:3928363

Johnston, L E

1985-01-01

367

A Program on Hazardous Waste Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the "Hazardous Waste Management Graduate Certificate" program at Wayne State University. Describes four required courses and nine optional courses. Discusses the development of a Master program and the curriculum of the Master program. (YP)

Kummler, Ralph H.; And Others

1989-01-01

368

Selection of infectious medical waste disposal firms by using the analytic hierarchy process and sensitivity analysis  

SciTech Connect

While Taiwanese hospitals dispose of large amounts of medical waste to ensure sanitation and personal hygiene, doing so inefficiently creates potential environmental hazards and increases operational expenses. However, hospitals lack objective criteria to select the most appropriate waste disposal firm and evaluate its performance, instead relying on their own subjective judgment and previous experiences. Therefore, this work presents an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method to objectively select medical waste disposal firms based on the results of interviews with experts in the field, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management. An appropriate weight criterion based on AHP is derived to assess the effectiveness of medical waste disposal firms. The proposed AHP-based method offers a more efficient and precise means of selecting medical waste firms than subjective assessment methods do, thus reducing the potential risks for hospitals. Analysis results indicate that the medical sector selects the most appropriate infectious medical waste disposal firm based on the following rank: matching degree, contractor's qualifications, contractor's service capability, contractor's equipment and economic factors. By providing hospitals with an effective means of evaluating medical waste disposal firms, the proposed AHP method can reduce overhead costs and enable medical waste management to understand the market demand in the health sector. Moreover, performed through use of Expert Choice software, sensitivity analysis can survey the criterion weight of the degree of influence with an alternative hierarchy.

Hsu, P.-F. [Department of Communications Management, Shih Hsin University, No.1, Lane 17, Mu-Cha Road, Sec.1, Taipei 11604, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: celina9@ms26.hinet.net; Wu, C.-R. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: alexru00@ms41.hinet.net; Li, Y.-T. [Graduate Institute of Business and Management, Yuanpei University, 306 Yuanpei Street, Hsin Chu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: ting.ding@msa.hinet.net

2008-07-01

369

24.01.01.V1.11 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE Supplements System Policy 24.01 and System Regulation 24.01.01  

E-print Network

24.01.01.V1.11 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL Supplements System Policy 24.01 and System) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A hazardous waste management program shall and environmental reservation associated with hazardous waste management activities. 2.00 GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES

370

Hazardous Waste Management Compliance Guidelines INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Management Compliance Guidelines INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE Arizona State University Management, generate a variety of hazardous chemical wastes. ASU is classified as a hazardous waste generator) and has been assigned an EPA identification number (AZD042017723). As a hazardous waste generator facility

Reisslein, Martin

371

Bisphenol A in hazardous waste landfill leachates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The levels of bisphenol A in hazardous waste landfill leachates collected in Japan in 1996 were determined by gas chromatograph\\/mass spectrometer (GC\\/MS). Bisphenol A was found in seven of 10 sites investigated. All the hazardous waste landfills with leachates contaminated by bisphenol A were controlled. The concentrations of bisphenol A ranged from 1.3 to 17,200 ?g\\/l with a median concentration

Takashi Yamamoto; Akio Yasuhara; Hiroaki Shiraishi; Osami Nakasugi

2001-01-01

372

Environmental Hazards of Nuclear Wastes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present methods for storage of radioactive wastes produced at nuclear power facilities are described. Problems arising from present waste management are discussed and potential solutions explored. (JP)

Micklin, Philip P.

1974-01-01

373

Radioactive waste disposal fees-Methodology for calculation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes the methodological approach used for calculation of fee for low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste disposal and for spent fuel disposal. The methodology itself is based on simulation of cash flows related to the operation of system for waste disposal. The paper includes demonstration of methodology application on the conditions of the Czech Republic.

Bem, Jlius; Krlk, Tom; Kuban?k, Jn; Va?ek, Ji?; Star, Old?ich

2014-11-01

374

Chemical hazard evaluation of material disposal area (MDA) B closure project  

SciTech Connect

TA-21, MDA-B (NES) is the 'contaminated dump,' landfill with radionuclides and chemicals from process waste disposed in 1940s. This paper focuses on chemical hazard categorization and hazard evaluation of chemicals of concern (e.g., peroxide, beryllium). About 170 chemicals were disposed in the landfill. Chemicals included products, unused and residual chemicals, spent, waste chemicals, non-flammable oils, mineral oil, etc. MDA-B was considered a High hazard site. However, based on historical records and best engineering judgment, the chemical contents are probably at best 5% of the chemical inventory. Many chemicals probably have oxidized, degraded or evaporated for volatile elements due to some fire and limited shelf-life over 60 yrs, which made it possible to downgrade from High to Low chemical hazard site. Knowing the site history and physical and chemical properties are very important in characterizing a NES site. Public site boundary is only 20 m, which is a major concern. Chemicals of concern during remediation are peroxide that can cause potential explosion and beryllium exposure due to chronic beryllium disease (CBD). These can be prevented or mitigated using engineering control (EC) and safety management program (SMP) to protect the involved workers and public.

Laul, Jadish C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

375

Method for acid oxidation of radioactive, hazardous, and mixed organic waste materials  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a process for reducing the volume of low level radioactive and mixed waste to enable the waste to be more economically stored in a suitable repository, and for placing the waste into a form suitable for permanent disposal. The invention involves a process for preparing radioactive, hazardous, or mixed waste for storage by contacting the waste starting material containing at least one organic carbon-containing compound and at least one radioactive or hazardous waste component with nitric acid and phosphoric acid simultaneously at a contacting temperature in the range of about 140.degree. C. to about 210 .degree. C. for a period of time sufficient to oxidize at least a portion of the organic carbon-containing compound to gaseous products, thereby producing a residual concentrated waste product containing substantially all of said radioactive or inorganic hazardous waste component; and immobilizing the residual concentrated waste product in a solid phosphate-based ceramic or glass form.

Pierce, Robert A. (Aiken, SC); Smith, James R. (Corrales, NM); Ramsey, William G. (Aiken, SC); Cicero-Herman, Connie A. (Aiken, SC); Bickford, Dennis F. (Folly Beach, SC)

1999-01-01

376

Processing of solid mixed waste containing radioactive and hazardous materials  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for the continuous heating and melting of a solid mixed waste bearing radioactive and hazardous materials to form separate metallic, slag and gaseous phases for producing compact forms of the waste material to facilitate disposal includes a copper split water-cooled (cold) crucible as a reaction vessel for receiving the waste material. The waste material is heated by means of the combination of a plasma torch directed into the open upper portion of the cold crucible and an electromagnetic flux produced by induction coils disposed about the crucible which is transparent to electromagnetic fields. A metallic phase of the waste material is formed in a lower portion of the crucible and is removed in the form of a compact ingot suitable for recycling and further processing. A glass-like, non-metallic slag phase containing radioactive elements is also formed in the crucible and flows out of the open upper portion of the crucible into a slag ingot mold for disposal. The decomposition products of the organic and toxic materials are incinerated and converted to environmentally safe gases in the melter. 6 figs.

Gotovchikov, V.T.; Ivanov, A.V.; Filippov, E.A.

1998-05-12

377

Processing of solid mixed waste containing radioactive and hazardous materials  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for the continuous heating and melting of a solid mixed waste bearing radioactive and hazardous materials to form separate metallic, slag and gaseous phases for producing compact forms of the waste material to facilitate disposal includes a copper split water-cooled (cold) crucible as a reaction vessel for receiving the waste material. The waste material is heated by means of the combination of a plasma torch directed into the open upper portion of the cold crucible and an electromagnetic flux produced by induction coils disposed about the crucible which is transparent to electromagnetic fields. A metallic phase of the waste material is formed in a lower portion of the crucible and is removed in the form of a compact ingot suitable for recycling and further processing. A glass-like, non-metallic slag phase containing radioactive elements is also formed in the crucible and flows out of the open upper portion of the crucible into a slag ingot mold for disposal. The decomposition products of the organic and toxic materials are incinerated and converted to environmentally safe gases in the melter.

Gotovchikov, Vitaly T. (Moscow, RU); Ivanov, Alexander V. (Moscow, RU); Filippov, Eugene A. (Moscow, RU)

1998-05-12

378

Autonomous hazardous waste drum inspection vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hundreds of thousands of hazardous, radioactive, and mixed waste drums are being stored throughout the world, and the anticipated decommissioning of facilities will generate many more drums. Currently, in compliance with federal regulations, waste storage facilities at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites are inspected manually for degradation and to verify inventories. An Intelligent Mobile Sensing System (IMSS) has been

E. Byler; W. Chun; W. Hoff; D. Layne

1995-01-01

379

Hazardous Educational Waste Collections in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the status of programs designed to manage hazardous educational waste collections in secondary schools in the state of Illinois. Laboratory wastes, expired chemicals, unstable compounds, and toxic or flammable materials are accounted for in this document. The report contains an executive summary, a review of Illinois statutes

Illinois State Environmental Protection Agency, Springfield.

380

40 CFR 261.11 - Criteria for listing hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Criteria for listing hazardous waste. 261.11 Section 261.11 Protection...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) IDENTIFICATION AND LISTING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Criteria for Identifying the...

2013-07-01

381

40 CFR 261.11 - Criteria for listing hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Criteria for listing hazardous waste. 261.11 Section 261.11 Protection...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) IDENTIFICATION AND LISTING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Criteria for Identifying the...

2014-07-01

382

40 CFR 261.11 - Criteria for listing hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Criteria for listing hazardous waste. 261.11 Section 261.11 Protection...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) IDENTIFICATION AND LISTING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Criteria for Identifying the...

2012-07-01

383

10 CFR 20.2008 - Disposal of certain byproduct material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMISSION STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION Waste Disposal 20.2008 Disposal of certain byproduct material...solid or hazardous waste law, including the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as authorized under the Energy Policy Act...

2010-01-01

384

HANDBOOK: ASSESSING THE FATE OF DEEP-WELL-INJECTED HAZARDOUS WASTE. Summaries of Recent Research  

EPA Science Inventory

This handbook has been developed for use as a reference tool in evaluating the suitability of disposing of specific hazardous wastes in deep injection wells. sers of the document will get a better understanding of the factors that affect 1) geochemical waste-reservoir reactions o...

385

Identification of Hazardous Industrial Wastes Produced in Mobarake Industrial Estate Isfahan, Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is recognition of hazardous wastes and substances that produced in industries and can damage to human health and environment. Identifying characteristic and kind of waste and residues that major part of them produced in industries provide a useful tool to perfect management includes collection, transportation and accurate choice of disposal method. Mobarake Industrial Estate one

Marjansadat Ahmadi; Abdolreza Karbassi

386

Conceptual Safety Design Report for the Remote Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

A new onsite, remote-handled LLW disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled LLW disposal for remote-handled LLW from the Idaho National Laboratory and for spent nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled LLW in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This conceptual safety design report supports the design of a proposed onsite remote-handled LLW disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization, by identifying potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled LLW, by evaluating consequences of postulated accidents, and by discussing the need for safety features that will become part of the facility design.

Boyd D. Christensen

2010-05-01

387

Conceptual Safety Design Report for the Remote Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect

A new onsite, remote-handled LLW disposal facility has been identified as the highest ranked alternative for providing continued, uninterrupted remote-handled LLW disposal for remote-handled LLW from the Idaho National Laboratory and for spent nuclear fuel processing activities at the Naval Reactors Facility. Historically, this type of waste has been disposed of at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. Disposal of remote-handled LLW in concrete disposal vaults at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex will continue until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation of the Subsurface Disposal Area (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This conceptual safety design report supports the design of a proposed onsite remote-handled LLW disposal facility by providing an initial nuclear facility hazard categorization, by identifying potential hazards for processes associated with onsite handling and disposal of remote-handled LLW, by evaluating consequences of postulated accidents, and by discussing the need for safety features that will become part of the facility design.

Boyd D. Christensen

2010-02-01

388

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogenous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a "clean" polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment.

Kalb, Paul D. (Wading River, NY); Colombo, Peter (Patchogue, NY)

1999-07-20

389

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogenous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a "clean" polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment.

Kalb, Paul D. (Wading River, NY); Colombo, Peter (Patchogue, NY)

1998-03-24

390

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogeneous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a ``clean`` polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment. 2 figs.

Kalb, P.D.; Colombo, P.

1998-03-24

391

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogenous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a "clean" polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment.

Kalb, Paul D. (21 Barnes Road, Wading River, NY 11792); Colombo, Peter (44 N. Pinelake Dr., Patchogue, NY 11772)

1997-01-01

392

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogeneous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a clean'' polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment. 2 figs.

Kalb, P.D.; Colombo, P.

1999-07-20

393

Composition and process for the encapsulation and stabilization of radioactive hazardous and mixed wastes  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a composition and process for disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. The present invention preferably includes a process for multibarrier encapsulation of radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes by combining substantially simultaneously dry waste powder, a non-biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and an anhydrous additive in an extruder to form a homogeneous molten matrix. The molten matrix may be directed in a ``clean`` polyethylene liner, allowed to cool, thus forming a monolithic waste form which provides a multibarrier to the dispersion of wastes into the environment. 2 figs.

Kalb, P.D.; Colombo, P.

1997-07-15

394

Innovative Disposal Practices at the Nevada Test Site to Meet Its Low-Level Waste Generators' Future Disposal Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) streams which have a clear, defined pathway to disposal are becoming less common as U.S. Department of Energy accelerated cleanup sites enters their closure phase. These commonly disposed LLW waste streams are rapidly being disposed and the LLW inventory awaiting disposal is dwindling. However, more complex waste streams that have no path for disposal are now

E. F. Di Sanza; J. T. Carilli

2006-01-01

395

Remote vacuum compaction of compressible hazardous waste  

DOEpatents

A system is described for remote vacuum compaction and containment of low-level radioactive or hazardous waste comprising a vacuum source, a sealable first flexible container, and a sealable outer flexible container for receiving one or more first flexible containers. A method for compacting low level radioactive or hazardous waste materials at the point of generation comprising the steps of sealing the waste in a first flexible container, sealing one or more first containers within an outer flexible container, breaching the integrity of the first containers, evacuating the air from the inner and outer containers, and sealing the outer container shut. 8 figs.

Coyne, M.J.; Fiscus, G.M.; Sammel, A.G.

1998-10-06

396

International perspectives on hazardous waste management  

SciTech Connect

In 1984, the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association (I.S.W.A.) approved the formation of an international working group on hazardous wastes. This book contains the edited final reports of the twelve national organisations which formed this working group. Also included is a review and assessment of various national policies and programs for waste management, together with recommendations and suggested strategies for the future.

Forester, W.S.

1987-01-01

397

Health effects of hazardous waste.  

PubMed

Since 1995, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has evaluated environmental contaminants and human health risks at nearly 3000 sites. Hazardous substances at these sites include newly emerging problems as well as historically identified threats. ATSDR classifies sites according to the degree of hazard they represent to the public. Less than 1% of the sites investigated are considered urgent public health hazards where chemical or physical hazards are at levels that could cause an immediate threat to life or health. Approximately 20% of sites have a potential for long-term human exposures above acceptable risk levels. At almost 40% of sites, hazardous substances do not represent a public health hazard. Completed exposure pathways for contaminants in air, water, and soil have been reported at approximately 30% of evaluated sites. The most common contaminants of concern at these sites include heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, and polychlorinated biphenyls. This article reviews ATSDR's ongoing work by examining the historic hazard of lead, the contemporary hazard of asbestos, and the emerging issue of perchlorate contamination. PMID:17119223

Dearwent, Steve M; Mumtaz, M Moiz; Godfrey, Gail; Sinks, Thomas; Falk, Henry

2006-09-01

398

1 INSTRODUCTION In the concept of geological radioactive waste disposal,  

E-print Network

1 INSTRODUCTION In the concept of geological radioactive waste disposal, argillite is being of the radioactive waste disposal, the host rock will be subjected to various thermo-hydro-mechanical loadings, thermal solicitation comes from the heat emitting from the radioactive waste packages. On one hand

Boyer, Edmond

399

A model approach to radioactive waste disposal at Sellafield  

E-print Network

A model approach to radioactive waste disposal at Sellafield R. 5. Haszeldine* and C. Mc of the great environmentalproblems of our age is the safe disposal of radioactive waste for geological time periods. Britain is currently investigating a potential site for underground burial of waste, near

Haszeldine, Stuart

400

Paint and Paint Thinner Waste: Collection, Storage and Disposal  

E-print Network

Paint and Paint Thinner Waste: Collection, Storage and Disposal Procedure: 8.01 Created: 09 paint and paint thinner waste, including solvent contaminated rags, is collected and stored in a manner&S) employees who handle, store or dispose of paint and paint thinner materials. Paint and paint thinner waste

Jia, Songtao

401

30 CFR 816.89 - Disposal of noncoal mine wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...combustion and wind-borne waste. When the disposal is completed...time shall any noncoal mine waste be deposited in a refuse pile...excavation for a noncoal mine waste disposal site be located within 8 feet of any coal outcrop or coal storage...

2010-07-01

402

30 CFR 817.89 - Disposal of noncoal mine wastes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...combustion and wind-borne waste. When the disposal is completed...time shall any noncoal mine waste be deposited in a refuse pile...excavation for a noncoal mine waste disposal site be located within 8 feet of any coal outcrop or coal storage...

2010-07-01

403

Hazardous-waste technical-assistance survey, McChord AFB, Washington. Final report, 22-26 Oct 90  

SciTech Connect

A hazardous waste survey was conducted at McChord AFB, Washington, from 22-26 Oct 90 which addressed hazardous waste management and waste disposal practices, explored opportunities for waste minimization, and determined waste-streams. Recommendations include: (1) Shops using aircraft soap should switch to a milder soap; (2) Consider using a siliceous-based absorbant; (3) Use a contractor who accepts wet batteries or neutralize the acid; (4) Accumulation point managers should maintain a log; (5) Conduct frequent refresher training; (6) Upgrade accumulation sites; (7) Analyze used paint filters; (8) Dispose of anti-freeze in the sanitary sewer; (9) Sample NDI chemicals to determine if hazardous; (10) Update the Waste Analysis Plan; (11) Find a method to recover solvent from the washrack; (12) Entomology needs to comply with FIFRA; (13) Triple-rinse pesticide containers; (14) List all accumulation sites and managers in the hazardous waste management plan; (15) Use an off-the-shelf filtration unit in the waterfall paint booths; (16) Label all hazardous waste drums; (17) Dispose of waste latex paint as municiple waste; (18) Disposal of old hazardous waste drums; and (19) Analyze shop rags from CATM to determine toxicity.

Albrecht, L.B.

1991-03-01

404

Risk assessment of nonhazardous oil-field waste disposal in salt caverns.  

SciTech Connect

Salt caverns can be formed in underground salt formations incidentally as a result of mining or intentionally to create underground chambers for product storage or waste disposal. For more than 50 years, salt caverns have been used to store hydrocarbon products. Recently, concerns over the costs and environmental effects of land disposal and incineration have sparked interest in using salt caverns for waste disposal. Countries using or considering using salt caverns for waste disposal include Canada (oil-production wastes), Mexico (purged sulfates from salt evaporators), Germany (contaminated soils and ashes), the United Kingdom (organic residues), and the Netherlands (brine purification wastes). In the US, industry and the regulatory community are pursuing the use of salt caverns for disposal of oil-field wastes. In 1988, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a regulatory determination exempting wastes generated during oil and gas exploration and production (oil-field wastes) from federal hazardous waste regulations--even though such wastes may contain hazardous constituents. At the same time, EPA urged states to tighten their oil-field waste management regulations. The resulting restrictions have generated industry interest in the use of salt caverns for potentially economical and environmentally safe oil-field waste disposal. Before the practice can be implemented commercially, however, regulators need assurance that disposing of oil-field wastes in salt caverns is technically and legally feasible and that potential health effects associated with the practice are acceptable. In 1996, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted a preliminary technical and legal evaluation of disposing of nonhazardous oil-field wastes (NOW) into salt caverns. It investigated regulatory issues; the types of oil-field wastes suitable for cavern disposal; cavern design and location considerations; and disposal operations, closure and remediation issues. It determined that if caverns are sited and designed well, operated carefully, closed properly, and monitored routinely, they could, from technical and legal perspectives, be suitable for disposing of oil-field wastes. On the basis of these findings, ANL subsequently conducted a preliminary risk assessment on the possibility that adverse human health effects (carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic) could result from exposure to contaminants released from the NOW disposed of in salt caverns. The methodology for the risk assessment included the following steps: identifying potential contaminants of concern; determining how humans could be exposed to these contaminants; assessing contaminant toxicities; estimating contaminant intakes; and estimating human cancer and noncancer risks. To estimate exposure routes and pathways, four postclosure cavern release scenarios were assessed. These were inadvertent cavern intrusion, failure of the cavern seal, failure of the cavern through cracks, failure of the cavern through leaky interbeds, and partial collapse of the cavern roof. Assuming a single, generic, salt cavern and generic oil-field wastes, potential human health effects associated with constituent hazardous substances (arsenic, benzene, cadmium, and chromium) were assessed under each of these scenarios. Preliminary results provided excess cancer risk and hazard index (for noncancer health effects) estimates that were well within the EPA target range for acceptable exposure risk levels. These results lead to the preliminary conclusion that from a human health perspective, salt caverns can provide an acceptable disposal method for nonhazardous oil-field wastes.

Elcock, D.

1998-03-10

405

Criteria and Processes for the Certification of Non-Radioactive Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Wastes  

SciTech Connect

This document details Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) criteria and processes for determining if potentially volumetrically contaminated or potentially surface contaminated wastes are to be managed as material containing residual radioactivity or as non-radioactive. This document updates and replaces UCRL-AR-109662, Criteria and Procedures for the Certification of Nonradioactive Hazardous Waste (Reference 1), also known as 'The Moratorium', and follows the guidance found in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) document, Performance Objective for Certification of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Waste (Reference 2). The 1992 Moratorium document (UCRL-AR-109662) is three volumes and 703 pages. The first volume provides an overview of the certification process and lists the key radioanalytical methods and their associated Limits of Sensitivities. Volumes Two and Three contain supporting documents and include over 30 operating procedures, QA plans, training documents and organizational charts that describe the hazardous and radioactive waste management system in place in 1992. This current document is intended to update the previous Moratorium documents and to serve as the top-tier LLNL institutional Moratorium document. The 1992 Moratorium document was restricted to certification of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), State and Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) hazardous waste from Radioactive Material Management Areas (RMMA). This still remains the primary focus of the Moratorium; however, this document increases the scope to allow use of this methodology to certify other LLNL wastes and materials destined for off-site disposal, transfer, and re-use including non-hazardous wastes and wastes generated outside of RMMAs with the potential for DOE added radioactivity. The LLNL organization that authorizes off-site transfer/disposal of a material or waste stream is responsible for implementing the requirements of this document. The LLNL Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) organization is responsible for the review and maintenance of this document. It should be noted that the DOE metal recycling moratorium is still in effect and is implemented as outlined in reference 17 when metals are being dispositioned for disposal/re-use/recycling off-site. This document follows the same methodology as described in the previously approved 1992 Moratorium document. Generator knowledge and certification are the primary means of characterization. Sampling and analysis are used when there is insufficient knowledge of a waste to determine if it contains added radioactivity. Table 1 (page 12) presents a list of LLNL's analytical methods for evaluating volumetrically contaminated waste and updates the reasonably achievable analytical-method-specific Minimum Detectable Concentrations (MDCs) for various matrices. Results from sampling and analysis are compared against the maximum MDCs for the given analytical method and the sample specific MDC to determine if the sample contains DOE added volumetric radioactivity. The evaluation of an item that has a physical form, and history of use, such that accessible surfaces may be potentially contaminated, is based on DOE Order 5400.5 (Reference 3), and its associated implementation guidance document DOE G 441.1-XX, Control and Release of Property with Residual Radioactive Material (Reference 4). The guidance document was made available for use via DOE Memorandum (Reference 5). Waste and materials containing residual radioactivity transferred off-site must meet the receiving facilities Waste Acceptance Criteria (if applicable) and be in compliance with other applicable federal or state requirements.

Dominick, J

2008-12-18

406

40 CFR 61.150 - Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating, demolition, renovation, and spraying...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating...Asbestos 61.150 Standard for waste disposal for manufacturing, fabricating...waste generator at: (1) A waste disposal site operated in accordance...

2010-07-01

407

Property-close source separation of hazardous waste and waste electrical and electronic equipment - A Swedish case study  

SciTech Connect

Through an agreement with EEE producers, Swedish municipalities are responsible for collection of hazardous waste and waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). In most Swedish municipalities, collection of these waste fractions is concentrated to waste recycling centres where households can source-separate and deposit hazardous waste and WEEE free of charge. However, the centres are often located on the outskirts of city centres and cars are needed in order to use the facilities in most cases. A full-scale experiment was performed in a residential area in southern Sweden to evaluate effects of a system for property-close source separation of hazardous waste and WEEE. After the system was introduced, results show a clear reduction in the amount of hazardous waste and WEEE disposed of incorrectly amongst residual waste or dry recyclables. The systems resulted in a source separation ratio of 70 wt% for hazardous waste and 76 wt% in the case of WEEE. Results show that households in the study area were willing to increase source separation of hazardous waste and WEEE when accessibility was improved and that this and similar collection systems can play an important role in building up increasingly sustainable solid waste management systems.

Bernstad, Anna, E-mail: anna.bernstad@chemeng.lth.se [Dep. of Chem. Eng., Faculty of Eng., Lund University, Lund (Sweden); Cour Jansen, Jes la [Dep. of Chem. Eng., Faculty of Eng., Lund University, Lund (Sweden); Aspegren, Henrik [VA SYD, City of Malmoe (Sweden)

2011-03-15

408

Treatment of waste printed wire boards in electronic waste for safe disposal.  

PubMed

The printed wire boards (PWBs) in electronic waste (E-waste) have been found to contain large amounts of toxic substances. Studies have concluded that the waste PWBs are hazardous wastes because they fails the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test with high level of lead (Pb) leaching out. In this study, two treatment methods - high-pressure compaction and cement solidification - were explored for rendering the PWBs into non-hazardous forms so that they may be safely disposed or used. The high-pressure compaction method could turn the PWBs into high-density compacts with significant volume reduction, but the impact resistance of the compacts was too low to keep them intact in the environment for a long run. In contrast, the cement solidification could turn the PWBs into strong monoliths with high impact resistance and relatively high compressive strength. The leaching of the toxic heavy metal Pb from the solidified samples was evaluated by both a dynamic leaching test and the TCLP test. The dynamic leaching results revealed that Pb could be effectively confined in the solidified products under very harsh environmental conditions. The TCLP test results showed that the leaching level of Pb was far below the regulatory level of 5mg/L, suggesting that the solidified PWBs are no longer hazardous. It was concluded that the cement solidification is an effective way to render the waste PWBs into environmentally benign forms so that they can be disposed of as ordinary solid wastes or beneficially used in the place of concrete in some applications. PMID:17194533

Niu, Xiaojun; Li, Yadong

2007-07-16

409

Challenges in Disposing of Anthrax Waste  

SciTech Connect

Disasters often create large amounts of waste that must be managed as part of both immediate response and long-term recovery. While many federal, state, and local agencies have debris management plans, these plans often do not address chemical, biological, and radiological contamination. The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstrations (IBRD) purpose was to holistically assess all aspects of an anthrax incident and assist the development of a plan for long-term recovery. In the case of wide-area anthrax contamination and the follow-on response and recovery activities, a significant amount of material will require decontamination and disposal. Accordingly, IBRD facilitated the development of debris management plans to address contaminated waste through a series of interviews and workshops with local, state, and federal representatives. The outcome of these discussion was the identification of three primary topical areas that must be addressed: 1) Planning; 2) Unresolved research questions, and resolving regulatory issues.

Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.; Upton, Jaki F.; Toomey, Christopher

2011-09-01

410

Household waste disposal in Mekelle city, Northern Ethiopia.  

PubMed

In many cities of developing countries, such as Mekelle (Ethiopia), waste management is poor and solid wastes are dumped along roadsides and into open areas, endangering health and attracting vermin. The effects of demographic factors, economic and social status, waste and environmental attributes on household solid waste disposal are investigated using data from household survey. Household level data are then analyzed using multinomial logit estimation to determine the factors that affect household waste disposal decision making. Results show that demographic features such as age, education and household size have an insignificant impact over the choice of alternative waste disposal means, whereas the supply of waste facilities significantly affects waste disposal choice. Inadequate supply of waste containers and longer distance to these containers increase the probability of waste dumping in open areas and roadsides relative to the use of communal containers. Higher household income decreases the probability of using open areas and roadsides as waste destinations relative to communal containers. Measures to make the process of waste disposal less costly and ensuring well functioning institutional waste management would improve proper waste disposal. PMID:17936609

Tadesse, Tewodros; Ruijs, Arjan; Hagos, Fitsum

2008-01-01

411

Household waste disposal in Mekelle city, Northern Ethiopia  

SciTech Connect

In many cities of developing countries, such as Mekelle (Ethiopia), waste management is poor and solid wastes are dumped along roadsides and into open areas, endangering health and attracting vermin. The effects of demographic factors, economic and social status, waste and environmental attributes on household solid waste disposal are investigated using data from household survey. Household level data are then analyzed using multinomial logit estimation to determine the factors that affect household waste disposal decision making. Results show that demographic features such as age, education and household size have an insignificant impact over the choice of alternative waste disposal means, whereas the supply of waste facilities significantly affects waste disposal choice. Inadequate supply of waste containers and longer distance to these containers increase the probability of waste dumping in open areas and roadsides relative to the use of communal containers. Higher household income decreases the probability of using open areas and roadsides as waste destinations relative to communal containers. Measures to make the process of waste disposal less costly and ensuring well functioning institutional waste management would improve proper waste disposal.

Tadesse, Tewodros [Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1 6706 KN Wageningen (Netherlands)], E-mail: tewodroslog@yahoo.com; Ruijs, Arjan [Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen (Netherlands); Hagos, Fitsum [International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Subregional Office for the Nile Basin and East Africa, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

2008-07-01

412

Hazardous Waste Collection in Safety Cans HOW DOES THIS WORK?  

E-print Network

Hazardous Waste Collection in Safety Cans HOW DOES THIS WORK? o Labs that generate large volumes of solvent hazardous waste can contact EHS @ 255-8200 for approval of the use of safety cans. Once EHS Waste." o Fill out a green Hazardous Waste tag as usual with contents and amounts. o Place properly

Pawlowski, Wojtek

413

Improving tamper detection for hazardous waste security  

SciTech Connect

After September 11, waste managers are increasingly expected to provide improved levels of security for the hazardous materials in their charge. Many low-level wastes that previously had minimal or no security must now be well protected, while high-level wastes require even greater levels of security than previously employed. This demand for improved security comes, in many cases, without waste managers being provided the necessary additional funding, personnel, or security expertise. Contributing to the problem is the fact that--at least in our experience--waste managers often fail to appreciate certain types of security vulnerabilities. They frequently overlook or underestimate the security risks associated with disgruntled or compromised insiders, or the potential legal and political liabilities associated with nonexistent or ineffective security. Also frequently overlooked are potential threats from waste management critics who could resort to sabotage, vandalism, or civil disobedience for purposes of discrediting a waste management program.

Johnston, R. G. (Roger G.); Garcia, A. R. E. (Anthony R. E.); Pacheco, A. N. (Adam N.); Trujillo, S. J. (Sonia J.); Martinez, R. K. (Ronald K.); Martinez, D. D. (Debbie D.); Lopez, L. N. (Leon N.)

2002-01-01

414

Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Treatment Building throughput study  

SciTech Connect

The hazardous waste/mixed waste HW/MW Treatment Building (TB) is the specified treatment location for solid hazardous waste/mixed waste at SRS. This report provides throughput information on the facility based on known and projected waste generation rates. The HW/MW TB will have an annual waste input for the first four years of approximately 38,000 ft{sup 3} and have an annual treated waste output of approximately 50,000 ft{sup 3}. After the first four years of operation it will have an annual waste input of approximately 16,000 ft{sup 3} and an annual waste output of approximately 18,000 ft. There are several waste streams that cannot be accurately predicted (e.g. environmental restoration, decommissioning, and decontamination). The equipment and process area sizing for the initial four years should allow excess processing capability for these poorly defined waste streams. A treatment process description and process flow of the waste is included to aid in understanding the computations of the throughput. A description of the treated wastes is also included.

England, J.L.; Kanzleiter, J.P.

1991-12-18

415

78 FR 23246 - Underground Injection Control Program; Hazardous Waste Injection Restrictions; Petition for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Injection Control Program; Hazardous Waste Injection Restrictions; Petition for Exemption--Class I Hazardous Waste Injection; BASF Corporation...of the specific restricted hazardous wastes identified in this...

2013-04-18

416

77 FR 52717 - Underground Injection Control Program; Hazardous Waste Injection Restrictions; Petition for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Injection Control Program; Hazardous Waste Injection Restrictions; Petition for Exemption--Class I Hazardous Waste Injection; Cornerstone Chemical...of the specific restricted hazardous wastes identified in this...

2012-08-30

417

36 CFR 13.1118 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve General Provisions 13.1118 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste...

2014-07-01

418

36 CFR 13.1118 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve General Provisions 13.1118 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste...

2011-07-01

419

36 CFR 13.1118 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve General Provisions 13.1118 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste...

2012-07-01

420

36 CFR 13.1118 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve General Provisions 13.1118 Solid waste disposal. (a) A solid waste...

2013-07-01

421

Steps for Chemical "Hazardous Waste" Removal 1. Complete a Green Hazardous Waste tag and attach to waste container. This is required for each individual item to  

E-print Network

Steps for Chemical "Hazardous Waste" Removal 1. Complete a Green Hazardous Waste tag and attach by calling 5-8200 or by e-mailing waste_tech@cornell.edu ) 2. Place all Hazardous Waste containers into a UN. Leave top copy of Hazardous Waste tag in the box with the items to be removed 4. Submit a request

Pawlowski, Wojtek

422

DUST CONTROL AT HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES. HANDBOOK  

EPA Science Inventory

Spills, waste disposal, and various industrial operations can result in the contamination of land surfaces with toxic chemicals. Soil particles from these areas can be entrained into the air, transported offsite via the wind, and result in human exposure by direct inhalation. Ind...

423

COMPATIBILITY OF GROUTS WITH HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

A study was conducted to determine the known information on the compatibility of grouts with different classes of chemicals. The information gathered here can be used as a basis for testing and selecting grouts to be used at specific waste disposal sites with various leachates. T...

424

Revised Draft Hanford Site Solid (Radioactive and Hazardous) Waste Program Environmental Impact Statement, Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect

This ''Revised Draft Hanford Site Solid (Radioactive and Hazardous) Waste Program Environmental Impact Statement'' (HSW EIS) covers three primary aspects of waste management at Hanford--waste treatment, storage, and disposal. It also addresses four kinds of solid waste--low-level waste (LLW), mixed (radioactive and chemically hazardous) low-level waste (MLLW), transuranic (TRU) waste, and immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW). It fundamentally asks the question: how should we manage the waste we have now and will have in the future? This EIS analyzes the impacts of the LLW, MLLW, TRU waste, and ILAW we currently have in storage, will generate, or expect to receive at Hanford. The HSW EIS is intended to help us determine what specific facilities we will continue to use, modify, or construct to treat, store, and dispose of these wastes (Figure S.1). Because radioactive and chemically hazardous waste management is a complex, technical, and difficult subject, we have made every effort to minimize the use of acronyms (making an exception for our four waste types listed above), use more commonly understood words, and provide the ''big picture'' in this summary. An acronym list, glossary of terms, and conversions for units of measure are provided in a readers guide in Volume 1 of this EIS.

N /A

2003-04-11

425

High integrity container evaluation for solid waste disposal burial containers  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide radioactive waste disposal practices with the greatest measure of public protection, Solid Waste Disposal (SWD) adopted the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirement to stabilize high specific activity radioactive waste prior to disposal. Under NRC guidelines, stability may be provided by several mechanisms, one of which is by placing the waste in a high integrity container (HIC). During the implementation process, SWD found that commercially-available HICs could not accommodate the varied nature of weapons complex waste, and in response developed a number of disposal containers to function as HICs. This document summarizes the evaluation of various containers that can be used for the disposal of Category 3 waste in the Low Level Burial Grounds. These containers include the VECTRA reinforced concrete HIC, reinforced concrete culvert, and the reinforced concrete vault. This evaluation provides justification for the use of these containers and identifies the conditions for use of each.

Josephson, W.S. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-06-19

426

COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE  

EPA Science Inventory

The article describes basic incineration technology. Terminology is defined and EPA's regulations stated. The universe of incinerated and incinerable waste is described. Technology descriptions are provided for liquid injection incineration, rotary kiln incineration, at-sea incin...

427

Hazardous solid waste from metallurgical industries.  

PubMed Central

Types of land disposed residuals from selected metal smelting and refining industries are described, as are the origin and disposition of land disposed residuals from the primary copper industry as an example. Quantities of land-disposed or stored residuals, including slags, sludges, and dusts, are given per unit of metal production for most primary and secondary metal smelting and refining industries. Assessments of the hazard potential of residuals are given. Present treatment and disposal of residuals are discussed and assessed for health and environmental protection. Possible technologies for protection of ground and surface water contamination are presented. These include lined lagoons, chemical fixation of sludge, and ground sealing. Possibilities of resource recovery from residuals are discussed. Data are presented showing attenuation of heavy metal ions and fluorides in selected soils. The leachability and mobility of smelting and refining residuals constituents, including heavy metals and fluorides, and other potential toxicants in specific soil, geologic, and hydrologic disposal environments must be carefully considered in setting disposal requirements. PMID:738242

Leonard, R P

1978-01-01

428

Application for a Permit to Operate a Class III Solid Waste Disposal Site at the Nevada Test Site Area 5 Asbestiform Low-Level Solid Waste Disposal Site  

SciTech Connect

The NTS solid waste disposal sites must be permitted by the state of Nevada Solid Waste Management Authority (SWMA). The SWMA for the NTS is the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Federal Facilities (NDEP/BFF). The U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) as land manager (owner), and National Security Technologies (NSTec), as operator, will store, collect, process, and dispose all solid waste by means that do not create a health hazard, a public nuisance, or cause impairment of the environment. NTS disposal sites will not be included in the Nye County Solid Waste Management Plan. The NTS is located approximately 105 kilometers (km) (65 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is the federal lands management authority for the NTS, and NSTec is the Management and Operations contractor. Access on and off the NTS is tightly controlled, restricted, and guarded on a 24-hour basis. The NTS has signs posted along its entire perimeter. NSTec is the operator of all solid waste disposal sites on the NTS. The Area 5 RWMS is the location of the permitted facility for the Solid Waste Disposal Site (SWDS). The Area 5 RWMS is located near the eastern edge of the NTS (Figure 2), approximately 26 km (16 mi) north of Mercury, Nevada. The Area 5 RWMS is used for the disposal of low-level waste (LLW) and mixed low-level waste. Many areas surrounding the RWMS have been used in conducting nuclear tests. A Notice of Intent to operate the disposal site as a Class III site was submitted to the state of Nevada on January 28, 1994, and was acknowledged as being received in a letter to the NNSA/NSO on August 30, 1994. Interim approval to operate a Class III SWDS for regulated asbestiform low-level waste (ALLW) was authorized on August 12, 1996 (in letter from Paul Liebendorfer to Runore Wycoff), with operations to be conducted in accordance with the ''Management Plan for the Disposal of Low-Level Waste with Regulated Asbestos Waste.'' A requirement of the authorization was that on or before October 9, 1999, a permit was required to be issued. Because of NDEP and NNSA/NSO review cycles, the final permit was issued on April 5, 2000, for the operation of the Area 5 Low-Level Waste Disposal Site, utilizing Pit 7 (P07) as the designated disposal cell. The original permit applied only to Pit 7, with a total design capacity of 5,831 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (157,437 cubic feet [ft{sup 3}]). NNSA/NSO is expanding the SWDS to include the adjacent Upper Cell of Pit 6 (P06), with an additional capacity of 28,037 yd{sup 3} (756,999 ft{sup 3}) (Figure 3). The proposed total capacity of ALLW in Pit 7 and P06 will be approximately 33,870 yd{sup 3} (0.9 million ft{sup 3}). The site will be used for the disposal of regulated ALLW, small quantities of low-level radioactive hydrocarbon-burdened (LLHB) media and debris, LLW, LLW that contains PCB Bulk Product Waste greater than 50 ppm that leaches at a rate of less than 10 micrograms of PCB per liter of water, and small quantities of LLHB demolition and construction waste (hereafter called permissible waste). Waste containing free liquids, or waste that is regulated as hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) or state-of-generation hazardous waste regulations, will not be accepted for disposal at the site. The only waste regulated under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) that will be accepted at the disposal site is regulated asbestos-containing materials (RACM). The term asbestiform is used throughout this document to describe this waste. Other TSCA waste (i.e., polychlorinated biphenyls [PCBs]) will not be accepted for disposal at the SWDS. The disposal site will be used as a depository of permissible waste generated both on site and off site. All generators designated by NNSA/NSO will be eligible to dispose regulated ALLW at the Asbestiform Low-Level Waste Disposal Site in accordance with the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) 325

NSTec Environmental Programs

2010-09-14

429

Technological options for management of hazardous wastes from US Department of Energy facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report provides comprehensive information on the technological options for management of hazardous wastes generated at facilities owned or operated by the US Department of Energy (DOE). These facilities annually generate a large quantity of wastes that could be deemed hazardous under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Included in these wastes are liquids or solids containing polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, heavy metals, waste oils, spent solvents, acids, bases, carcinogens, and numerous other pollutants. Some of these wastes consist of nonnuclear hazardous chemicals; others are mixed wastes containing radioactive materials and hazardous chemicals. Nearly 20 unit processes and disposal methods are presented in this report. They were selected on the basis of their proven utility in waste management and potential applicability at DOE sites. These technological options fall into five categories: physical processes, chemical processes, waste exchange, fixation, and ultimate disposal. The options can be employed for either resource recovery, waste detoxification, volume reduction, or perpetual storage. Detailed descriptions of each technological option are presented, including information on process performance, cost, energy and environmental considerations, waste management of applications, and potential applications at DOE sites. 131 references, 25 figures, 23 tables.

Chiu, S.; Newsom, D.; Barisas, S.; Humphrey, J.; Fradkin, L.; Surles, T.

1982-08-01

430

Hazardous Waste Certification Plan: Hazardous Waste Handling Facility, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this plan is to describe the organization and methodology for the certification of hazardous waste (HW) handled in the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) Hazardous Waste Handling Facility (HWHF). The plan also incorporates the applicable elements of waste reduction, which include both up-front minimization and end- product treatment to reduce the volume and toxicity of the waste; segregation of the waste as it applies to certification; and executive summary of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for the HWHF and a list of the current and planned implementing procedures used in waste certification. The plan provides guidance from the HWHF to waste generators, waste handlers, and the Systems Group Manager to enable them to conduct their activities and carry out their responsibilities in a manner that complies with several requirements of the Federal Resource Conservation and Resource Recovery Act (RCRA), the Federal Department of Transportation (DOT), and the State of California, Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 22.

Not Available

1992-02-01

431

High-Level Radioactive Waste: Safe Storage and Ultimate Disposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are problems and techniques for safe disposal of radioactive waste. Degrees of radioactivity, temporary storage, and long-term permanent storage are discussed. Included are diagrams of estimated waste volumes to the year 2000 and of an artist's conception of a permanent underground disposal facility. (SL)

Dukert, Joseph M.

432

The Storage, Transportation, and Disposal of Nuclear Waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Congress established a comprehensive federal policy to dispose of wastes from nuclear reactors and defense facilities, centered on deep geologic disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Site screening led to selection of three potential sites and in 1987, Congress directed the Secretary of Energy to characterize only one site: Yucca Mountain in Nevada. For more than 20 years, teams

J. L. Younker

2002-01-01

433

Nuclear waste disposal: alternatives to solidification in glass proposed  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than a quarter-million cubic meters of liquid radioactive wastes are now being held at government installations awaiting final disposal. During the past 20 years, the disposal plan of choice has been to incorporate the 40 to 50 radioactive elements dissolved in liquid wastes into blocks of glass, seal the glass in metal canisters, and insert the canisters into deep,

R. A. KERR

1979-01-01

434

76 FR 36480 - Hazardous Waste Manifest Printing Specifications Correction Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FRL-9321-7] Hazardous Waste Manifest Printing Specifications Correction Rule AGENCY...action proposes to amend the current printing specification regulation to indicate...the Federal hazardous waste manifest printing specifications. DATES: Written...

2011-06-22

435

BOILERS COFIRING HAZARDOUS WASTE: EFFECTS OF HYSTERESIS ON PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory (HWERL) has conducted full scale and pilot scale boiler testing to determine hazardous waste destruction and removal efficiencies (DRE's) and other associated boiler performance parameters during the last five years. The effort ...

436

TOTAL MASS EMISSIONS FROM A HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATOR  

EPA Science Inventory

Past studies of hazardous waste incinerators by the Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory have primarily examined the performance of combustion systems relative to the destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) for Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Appendix VI...

437

NEW APPROACHES TO THE DECONTAMINATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory is currently supporting a number of research projects to develop innovative chemical and biological systems capable of detoxifying hazardous wastes. Recent emphasis has been on the destruction of chlorinated dioxins, chlorinated...

438

Method for encapsulating hazardous wastes using a staged mold  

DOEpatents

A staged mold and method for stabilizing hazardous wastes for final disposal by molding an agglomerate of the hazardous wastes and encapsulating the agglomerate. Three stages are employed in the process. In the first stage, a first mold body is positioned on a first mold base, a mixture of the hazardous wastes and a thermosetting plastic is loaded into the mold, the mixture is mechanically compressed, heat is applied to cure the mixture to form a rigid agglomerate, and the first mold body is removed leaving the agglomerate sitting on the first mold base. In the second stage, a clamshell second mold body is positioned around the agglomerate and the first mold base, a powdered thermoplastic resin is poured on top of the agglomerate and in the gap between the sides of the agglomerate and the second mold body, the thermoplastic is compressed, heat is applied to melt the thermoplastic, and the plastic is cooled jacketing the agglomerate on the top and sides. In the third stage, the mold with the jacketed agglomerate is inverted, the first mold base is removed exposing the former bottom of the agglomerate, powdered thermoplastic is poured over the former bottom, the first mold base is replaced to compress the thermoplastic, heat is applied to melt the new thermoplastic and the top part of the jacket on the sides, the plastic is cooled jacketing the bottom and fusing with the jacketing on the sides to complete the seamless encapsulation of the agglomerate.

Unger, Samuel L. (Los Angeles, CA); Telles, Rodney W. (Alhambra, CA); Lubowitz, Hyman R. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1989-01-01

439

Navigating the Hazardous Waste Management Maze.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hazardous waste management is a continual process. Administrators should maintain good relations with state agencies and the Environmental Protection Agency and use them as resources. Contacts with businesses and professional groups as well as forming coalitions with neighboring districts are ways to share information and expenses. (MLF)

Voelkle, James P.

1997-01-01

440

DRUM HANDLING PRACTICES AT HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the research effort was to provide technical guidance on planning and implementing safe and cost-effective response actions applicable to hazardous waste sites containing drums. The manual provides detailed technical guidance on methods, procedures, and equipment s...

441

ADVANCES IN HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE ALLUVIAL SAMPLING  

EPA Science Inventory

Ground-water remediation at hazardous waste sites quite often fails to meet state and federal established goals. n recent pump-and-treat study of 19 active systems, Haley et al (1989) found that most systems had been operated longer than their initial projection for clean-up. sti...

442

FIELD EXPERIENCE IN SAMPLING HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORS  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper is for presentation at the 77th annual meeting of the Air Pollution Control Association, June 24-29, 1984. The paper contains much useful, pragmatic information gained through numerous hazardous waste incinerator trial burn-type investigations performed for EPA by the ...

443

Managing hazardous wastes: the location decision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Siting hazardous waste landfills involves value judgments because what is at stake in location decision making cannot be encompassed by technical analysis. The author analyzes values implicit in location choices under market and common law rules and examines how siting laws in Maryland, Massachusetts and Minnesota raise, but do not answer, questions about how collective interest can be represented in

Wood

1984-01-01

444

DEMONSTRATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The SITE program is intended to accelerate the use of new and innovative treatment processes that provide permanent control of hazardous waste as well as evaluate innovative measurement and monitoring techniques and pursue an active technology transfer program. ithin the SITE pro...

445

POLYETHYLENE ENCAPSULATES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE DRUMS  

EPA Science Inventory

This capsule report summarizes studies of the use of polyethylene (P.E.) for encapsulating drums of hazardous wastes. Flat PE sheet is welded to roto moded PE containers which forms the encapsulates. Plastic pipe welding art was used, but the prototype welding apparatus required ...

446

Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Treatment Building Safety Information Document (SID)  

SciTech Connect

This Safety Information Document (SID) provides a description and analysis of operations for the Hazardous Waste/Mixed Waste Disposal Facility Treatment Building (the Treatment Building). The Treatment Building has been classified as a moderate hazard facility, and the level of analysis performed and the methodology used are based on that classification. Preliminary design of the Treatment Building has identified the need for two separate buildings for waste treatment processes. The term Treatment Building applies to all these facilities. The evaluation of safety for the Treatment Building is accomplished in part by the identification of hazards associated with the facility and the analysis of the facility`s response to postulated events involving those hazards. The events are analyzed in terms of the facility features that minimize the causes of such events, the quantitative determination of the consequences, and the ability of the facility to cope with each event should it occur. The SID presents the methodology, assumptions, and results of the systematic evaluation of hazards associated with operation of the Treatment Building. The SID also addresses the spectrum of postulated credible events, involving those hazards, that could occur. Facility features important to safety are identified and discussed in the SID. The SID identifies hazards and reports the analysis of the spectrum of credible postulated events that can result in the following consequences: Personnel exposure to radiation; Radioactive material release to the environment; Personnel exposure to hazardous chemicals; Hazardous chemical release to the environment; Events leading to an onsite/offsite fatality; and Significant damage to government property. The SID addresses the consequences to the onsite and offsite populations resulting from postulated credible events and the safety features in place to control and mitigate the consequences.

Fatell, L.B.; Woolsey, G.B.

1993-04-15

447

Department of Energy low-level radioactive waste disposal concepts  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) manages its low-level waste (LLW), regulated by DOE Order 5820.2A by using an overall systems approach. This systems approach provides an improved and consistent management system for all DOE LLW waste, from generation to disposal. This paper outlines six basic disposal concepts used in the systems approach, discusses issues associated with each of the concepts, and outlines both present and future disposal concepts used at six DOE sites. 3 refs., 9 figs.

Ozaki, C.; Page, L.; Morreale, B.; Owens, C.

1990-01-01

448

40 CFR 148.5 - Waste analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) HAZARDOUS WASTE INJECTION RESTRICTIONS General...Waste analysis. Generators of hazardous wastes that are disposed of into...Owners or operators of Class I hazardous waste injection wells must comply...

2013-07-01

449

40 CFR 148.5 - Waste analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) HAZARDOUS WASTE INJECTION RESTRICTIONS General...Waste analysis. Generators of hazardous wastes that are disposed of into...Owners or operators of Class I hazardous waste injection wells must comply...

2012-07-01

450

40 CFR 148.5 - Waste analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) HAZARDOUS WASTE INJECTION RESTRICTIONS General...Waste analysis. Generators of hazardous wastes that are disposed of into...Owners or operators of Class I hazardous waste injection wells must comply...

2011-07-01

451

40 CFR 761.63 - PCB household waste storage and disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false PCB household waste storage and disposal. 761...PROHIBITIONS Storage and Disposal 761.63 PCB household waste storage and disposal. PCB household waste, as defined at ...

2010-07-01

452

77 FR 23751 - Certain Food Waste Disposers and Components and Packaging Thereof; Institution of Investigation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Inv. No. 337-TA-838] Certain Food Waste Disposers and Components and Packaging...States after importation of certain food waste disposers and components and packaging...States after importation of certain food waste disposers and components and...

2012-04-20

453

76 FR 55255 - Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond Purposes; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1545-BD04 Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond...2011, on the definition of solid waste disposal facilities for purposes of the...tax-exempt bonds to finance solid waste disposal facilities and to taxpayers...

2011-09-07

454

75 FR 39041 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Solid Waste Disposal Act  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Consent Decree Under the Solid Waste Disposal Act Notice is hereby given that...violations of Section 7003 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (as amended by the Resource...wildlife, at its commercial oilfield waste disposal facility, located in...

2010-07-07

455

36 CFR 6.5 - Solid waste disposal sites in operation on September 1, 1984.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Solid waste disposal sites in operation on September...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL SITES IN UNITS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM 6.5 Solid waste disposal sites in operation on...

2010-07-01

456

76 FR 55256 - Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond Purposes; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1545-BD04 Definition of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities for Tax-Exempt Bond...2011, on the definition of solid waste disposal facilities for purposes of the...tax-exempt bonds to finance solid waste disposal facilities and to taxpayers...

2011-09-07

457

40 CFR 22.37 - Supplemental rules governing administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act. 22.37 Section 22...administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act. (a) Scope. This...3008, 9003 and 9006 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C....

2010-07-01

458

40 CFR 257.3 - Criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities and practices. 257...CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES AND PRACTICES Classification of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities and Practices ...

2010-07-01

459

Municipal solid waste management in India: From waste disposal to recovery of resources?  

PubMed

Unlike that of western countries, the solid waste of Asian cities is often comprised of 70-80% organic matter, dirt and dust. Composting is considered to be the best option to deal with the waste generated. Composting helps reduce the waste transported to and disposed of in landfills. During the course of the research, the author learned that several developing countries established large-scale composting plants that eventually failed for various reasons. The main flaw that led to the unsuccessful establishment of the plants was the lack of application of simple scientific methods to select the material to be composted. Landfills have also been widely unsuccessful in countries like India because the landfill sites have a very limited time frame of usage. The population of the developing countries is another factor that detrimentally impacts the function of landfill sites. As the population keeps increasing, the garbage quantity also increases, which, in turn, exhausts the landfill sites. Landfills are also becoming increasingly expensive because of the rising costs of construction and operation. Incineration, which can greatly reduce the amount of incoming municipal solid waste, is the second most common method for disposal in developed countries. However, incinerator ash may contain hazardous materials including heavy metals and organic compounds such as dioxins, etc. Recycling plays a large role in solid waste management, especially in cities in developing countries. None of the three methods mentioned here are free from problems. The aim of this study is thus to compare the three methods, keeping in mind the costs that would be incurred by the respective governments, and identify the most economical and best option possible to combat the waste disposal problem. PMID:18829290

Narayana, Tapan

2009-03-01

460

Low-Level Waste Disposal Alternatives Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies and compares on-site and off-site disposal options for the disposal of contract-handled and remote-handled low-level waste generated by the Idaho National Laboratory and its tenants. Potential disposal options are screened for viability by waste type resulting in a short list of options for further consideration. The most crediable option are selected after systematic consideration of cost, schedule constraints, and risk. In order to holistically address the approach for low-level waste disposal, options are compiled into comprehensive disposal schemes, that is, alternative scenarios. Each alternative scenario addresses the disposal path for all low-level waste types over the period of interest. The alternative scenarios are compared and ranked using cost, risk and complexity to arrive at the recommended approach. Schedule alignment with disposal needs is addressed to ensure that all waste types are managed appropriately. The recommended alternative scenario for the disposal of low-level waste based on this analysis is to build a disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory Site.

Timothy Carlson; Kay Adler-Flitton; Roy Grant; Joan Connolly; Peggy Hinman; Charles Marcinkiewicz

2006-09-01

461

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS What are hazardous materials?  

E-print Network

for hazardous material inventories, training, and proper waste disposal. Regulations also define hazardousHAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS What are hazardous materials? Hazardous materials are chemicals I do if there is a small spill in the area and personnel trained in Hazardous Material clean up

Fernandez, Eduardo

462

Draft Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for managing treatment, storage, and disposal of radioactive and hazardous waste. Volume 3, Appendix A: Public response to revised NOI, Appendix B: Environmental restoration, Appendix C, Environmental impact analysis methods, Appendix D, Risk  

SciTech Connect

Volume three contains appendices for the following: Public comments do DOE`s proposed revisions to the scope of the waste management programmatic environmental impact statement; Environmental restoration sensitivity analysis; Environmental impacts analysis methods; and Waste management facility human health risk estimates.

NONE

1995-08-01

463

Analysis and Design of Evapotranspirative Cover for Hazardous Waste Landfill  

E-print Network

Analysis and Design of Evapotranspirative Cover for Hazardous Waste Landfill Jorge G. Zornberg, M:6 427 CE Database subject headings: Evapotranspiration; Coating; Landfills; Hazardous waste; Design. Federal- and state-mandated cover systems for municipal and hazardous waste landfills in the United States

Zornberg, Jorge G.

464

Steps for Chemical "Hazardous Waste" Removal 1. Complete a green Hazardous Waste tag. Peel and stick the bottom copy to the waste container. This is required  

E-print Network

Steps for Chemical "Hazardous Waste" Removal 1. Complete a green Hazardous Waste tag. Peel Hazardous Waste containers into a UN rated DOT box with proper styrofoam or cardboard inserts. DOT boxes boxes will typically hold four 4 liter bottles. 3. Leave the top copy of the Hazardous Waste tag

Pawlowski, Wojtek

465

Lessons Learned from Radioactive Waste Storage and Disposal Facilities  

SciTech Connect

The safety of radioactive waste disposal facilities and the decommissioning of complex sites may be predicated on the performance of engineered and natural barriers. For assessing the safety of a waste disposal facility or a decommissioned site, a performance assessment or similar analysis is often completed. The analysis is typically based on a site conceptual model that is developed from site characterization information, observations, and, in many cases, expert judgment. Because waste disposal facilities are sited, constructed, monitored, and maintained, a fair amount of data has been generated at a variety of sites in a variety of natural systems. This paper provides select examples of lessons learned from the observations developed from the monitoring of various radioactive waste facilities (storage and disposal), and discusses the implications for modeling of future waste disposal facilities that are yet to be constructed or for the development of dose assessments for the release of decommissioning sites. Monitoring has been and continues to be performed at a variety of different facilities for the disposal of radioactive waste. These include facilities for the disposal of commercial low-level waste (LLW), reprocessing wastes, and uranium mill tailings. Many of the lessons learned and problems encountered provide a unique opportunity to improve future designs of waste disposal facilities, to improve dose modeling for decommissioning sites, and to be proactive in identifying future problems. Typically, an initial conceptual model was developed and the siting and design of the disposal facility was based on the conceptual model. After facility construction and operation, monitoring data was collected and evaluated. In many cases the monitoring data did not comport with the original site conceptual model, leading to additional investigation and changes to the site conceptual model and modifications to the design of the facility. The following cases are discussed: commercial LLW disposal facilities; uranium mill tailings disposal facilities; and reprocessing waste storage and disposal facilities. The observations developed from the monitoring and maintenance of waste disposal and storage facilities provide valuable lessons learned for the design and modeling of future waste disposal facilities and the decommissioning of complex sites.

Esh, David W.; Bradford, Anna H. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Two White Flint North, MS T7J8, 11545 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852 (United States)

2008-01-15

466

The political science of radioactive waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

This paper was first presented at the annual meeting of the HPS in New Orleans in 1984. Twelve years later, the basic lessons learned are still found to be valid. In 1984, the following things were found to be true: A government agency is preferred by the public over a private company to manage radioactive waste. Semantics are important--How you say it is important, but how it is heard is more important. Public information and public relations are very important, but they are the last thing of concern to a scientist. Political constituency is important. Don`t overlook the need for someone to be on your side. Don`t forget that the media is part of the political process-they can make you or break you. Peer technical review is important, but so is citizen review. Sociology is an important issue that scientists and technical people often overlook. In summary, despite the political nature of radioactive waste disposal, it is as true today as it was in 1984 that technical facts must be used to reach sound technical conclusions. Only then, separately and openly, should political factors be considered. So, what can be said today that wasn`t said in 1984? Nothing. {open_quotes}It`s deja vu all over again.{close_quotes}

Jacobi, L.R. Jr. [Texas Los Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority, Austin, TX (United States)

1996-06-01

467

40 CFR 264.101 - Corrective action for solid waste management units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL...treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous waste must institute corrective action...environment for all releases of hazardous waste or constituents from any...

2013-07-01

468

Preparations for Mixed Waste Disposal at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) is preparing for the receipt and disposal of low-level mixed waste (MV) generated within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex. The NTS maintains and develops disposal locations to accommodate various waste forms, and is engaged in developing verification and handling processes to ensure proper acceptance and disposal. Operations at the RWMC are focused on ensuring future disposal needs can be accommodated with a maximum benefit to risk ratio. This paper addresses the programmatic developments implemented at the NTS to accommodate the receipt, verification, and disposal of MW. The Radioactive Waste Acceptance Program (RWAP) has incorporated aspects of the Waste Analysis Plan (WAP) into the Nevada Test Site Waste Acceptance Criteria (NTSWAC). The verification program includes statistical sampling components that take into account waste form, program reliability, and other factors. The WAP allows for a conglomerate of verification techniques including visual examination, non-destructive examination, and chemical screening ensuring compliance with the NTSWAC. The WAP also provides for the acceptance of MW with most U.S. Environmental Protection Agency waste codes. The MW sent to the NTS for disposal must meet Land-Disposal Restriction standards. To support the verification processes outlined in the WAP, a Real-Time-Radiography (RTR) facility was constructed. Using a 450 keV, 5-mA tube-head system with a bridge and manipulator assembly, MW packages can undergo non-destructive examination (x-ray) at the RWMC. Prior to the NTS accepting the waste shipment, standard waste boxes, drums, and nominally sized bulk items can be manipulated on a cart and examined directly or skewed in real-time to ensure compliance with NTSWAC requirement s An existing MW disposal cell at the RWMC has been tailored to meet the requirements of a Category 2 non-reactor Nuclear Facility. In retrofitting an existing facility to meet new requirements, several considerations were analyzed and incorporated into the final design. For Example, seismic loading considerations for disposal location performance during a postulated event resulted in several calculations and physical modifications to the existing facility. In addition to instituting changes required for MW disposal, the NTS continues to overcome unique challenges associated with handling and disposing low-level radioactive waste (LLW). As a Nuclear Facility, the RWMC has the capabilities required to manage all types of LLW/MW, meeting the disposal needs integral to clean up the DOE complex. With the advent of the accelerated cleanup schedule, the increase in waste generation has required a facility that can handle unique disposal requirements in a safe manner for the public, the workers, and the environment. (authors)

Clark, D.K.; Perez, P.A.; Doyle, G. [Bechtel Nevada, P. O. Box 98521, Las Vegas, Nevada 89193-8521 (United States)

2006-07-01

469

Controversies: Legal and Political Battles over Hazardous Waste in Central Researcher: Diane Sicotte  

E-print Network

Controversies: Legal and Political Battles over Hazardous Waste in Central Arizona Researcher: Diane Sicotte Innovative Waste Utilization, the first "temporary" hazardous waste facility south Phoenix hazardous waste facility is among 18 of Arizona's 26 waste sites that have been operating

Hall, Sharon J.

470

Liquid effluent services and solid waste disposal interface control document  

SciTech Connect

This interface control document between Liquid Effluent Services (LES) and Solid Waste Disposal (SWD) establishes the functional responsibilities of each division where interfaces exist between the two divisions. The document includes waste volumes and timing for use in planning the proper waste management capabilities. The interface control document also facilitates integration of existing or planned waste management capabilities of the Liquid Effluent Services and Solid Waste divisions.

Carlson, A.B.

1994-10-27

471

Hazardous Waste Management and Community Involvement in Canada: The Case of Montreal's Rural-Urban Fringe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deals with conflicts associated with the management, disposal, and storage of hazardous wastes from the perspective of interests expressed in the local community. Analyzes three case studies to demonstrate the changing roles and relative importance of local and nonlocal interests. Draws conclusions regarding the significance of the analysis for

Andre, Pierre; And Others

1995-01-01

472

ASSESSING THE GEOCHEMICAL FATE OF DEEP-WELL-INJECTED HAZARDOUS WASTE: RECENT RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

This is the second volume of a two-volume handbook which has been developed for use as a reference tool in evaluating the suitability of disposing of specific hazardous wastes in deep injection wells. his volume contains summaries of recent research. sers of this handbook will ge...

473

DESTRUCTION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES COFIRED IN INDUSTRIAL BOILERS: PILOT-SCALE PARAMETRICS TESTING  

EPA Science Inventory

Thermal destruction of wastes by direct incineration or by cofiring with conventional fuels in boilers, furnaces, or kilns is one of the most effective methods currently available for disposal of hazardous organic material. However, more information is needed on the potential for...

474

Hazardous waste landfill site selection in Khorasan Razavi Province, Northeastern Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disposal is the final step of any hazardous waste management plan. An inappropriate landfill site may have negative environmental,\\u000a economical, and ecological impacts. Therefore, landfills should be sited carefully by taking into account various rules, regulations,\\u000a factors, and constraints. In this study, candidate sites for hazardous landfills in the northeastern Khorasan Razavi province\\u000a are determined using the integration of

Naser Hafezi Moghaddas; Hadi Hajizadeh Namaghi

2011-01-01

475

Risk methodology for geologic disposal of radioactive waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steps to be taken in the development of a methodology for the assessment of the long-term risks from radioactive waste disposal in deep, geologic media are outlined. The first phase involves the development of analytical models to represent the processes by which radioactive waste might leave the waste repository, enter the surface environment and eventually reach humans, and the definition

J. E. Campbell; R. T. Dillon; M. S. Tierney; H. T. Davis; P. E. McGrath; F. J. Pearson Jr.; H. R. Shaw; J. C. Helton; F. A. Donath

1978-01-01

476

DISPOSAL OF SMALL-SCALE FISH PROCESSING WASTE THROUGH COMPOSTING  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Large catfish processors in the U.S. typically recycle fish waste into fish meal. For small-scale processors or aquaculture research facilities, fish waste disposal can be problematic. We adapted a design developed for composting wastes from Minnesota fishing lodges and tested it for suitability fo...

477

Management of household and small-quantity-generator hazardous waste in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The International Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Association (ISWA), an international nongovernmental organization comprising twenty-seven national organizations of waste management professionals, conducted a survey to obtain information regarding household and small-quantity-generator hazardous wastes. The report presents the U.S. response to the survey. The questionnaire covered five different areas: (1) problems, (2) policy approach, (3) technical and organizational aspects, (4) case studies, and (5) treatment and disposal research and development. Comments were also invited. The appendices include the ISWA Questionnaire, a table and other information regarding State laws and regulations governing household hazardous waste, and a listing of the permanent household hazardous waste collection programs operating in 1988.

Duxbury, D.

1989-12-01

478

Evaluation program effectiveness of household hazardous waste collection: The Seattle-King County experience  

SciTech Connect

The Seattle-King County Hazardous Waste Management Plan provides the framework for an intensive effort to keep Household Hazardous and Small Quantity Generator (SQG) wastes from entering the ``normal`` municipal waste streams. The Plan sets ambitious goals for diverting thousands of tons of hazardous wastes from being thrown, poured or dumped in the municipal waste stream. During the first five years, over $30 millon will be spent for a variety of HHW and SQG programs. The Plan incorporates a wide range of elements, including education, collection, and compliance components. Many of the hazardous waste education and collection programs have been developed in response to the Plan, so their effectiveness is still undetermined. A key component of the Plan is program evaluation. This report provides descriptions of two evaluation methods used to establish baselines for assessing the effectiveness of the Hazardous Waste Management Plan`s programs. Focusing on the Plan`s household hazardous waste programs, the findings of the baseline evaluations are discussed and conclusions are made. A general population survey, conducted through telephone interviews, was designed to assess changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of area residents. Characterization of the solid waste stream was used to identify the hazardous constituents contributed to municipal solid waste by households. Monitoring changes in the amount of hazardous materials present in the waste stream was used to indicate whether or not Program strategies are influencing disposal behaviors. Comparing the data gathered by these two evaluation methods provided a unique opportunity to cross-check the findings and validate that change, if any, has occurred. From the comparisons, the report draws a number of conclusions.

Not Available

1991-10-01

479

Evaluation program effectiveness of household hazardous waste collection: The Seattle-King County experience  

SciTech Connect

The Seattle-King County Hazardous Waste Management Plan provides the framework for an intensive effort to keep Household Hazardous and Small Quantity Generator (SQG) wastes from entering the normal'' municipal waste streams. The Plan sets ambitious goals for diverting thousands of tons of hazardous wastes from being thrown, poured or dumped in the municipal waste stream. During the first five years, over $30 millon will be spent for a variety of HHW and SQG programs. The Plan incorporates a wide range of elements, including education, collection, and compliance components. Many of the hazardous waste education and collection programs have been developed in response to the Plan, so their effectiveness is still undetermined. A key component of the Plan is program evaluation. This report provides descriptions of two evaluation methods used to establish baselines for assessing the effectiveness of the Hazardous Waste Management Plan's programs. Focusing on the Plan's household hazardous waste programs, the findings of the baseline evaluations are discussed and conclusions are made. A general population survey, conducted through telephone interviews, was designed to assess changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of area residents. Characterization of the solid waste stream was used to identify the hazardous constituents contributed to municipal solid waste by households. Monitoring changes in the amount of hazardous materials present in the waste stream was used to indicate whether or not Program strategies are influencing disposal behaviors. Comparing the data gathered by these two evaluation methods provided a unique opportunity to cross-check the findings and validate that change, if any, has occurred. From the comparisons, the report draws a number of conclusions.

Not Available

1991-10-01

480

Report to Congress: management of hazardous wastes from educational institutions  

SciTech Connect

The EPA has studied and evaluated the problems associated with managing hazardous wastes generated by educational institutions. This report is factual in nature. EPA was not directed by the law to develop recommendations for regulatory or statutory changes. The report identifies the statutory and regulatory requirements for educational institutions to manage hazardous waste, examines current hazardous-waste-management practices at such institutions, identifies the hazardous-waste-management problems encountered by them, and concludes by identifying possible ways for educational institutions to improve hazardous-waste management. The report primarily focuses on hazardous waste generated by universities, colleges, high schools, and vocational schools. The findings of the report can also apply to waste generated at facilities providing adult education and programs of education of less than 2 years' duration, because factors affecting the management of such waste would be similar for all levels and categories of educational institutions.

Not Available

1989-04-01

481

Leaching of CCA-treated wood: implications for waste disposal.  

PubMed

Leaching of arsenic, chromium, and copper from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood poses possible environmental risk when disposed. Samples of un-weathered CCA-treated wood were tested using a variety of the US regulatory leaching procedures, including the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP), extraction procedure toxicity method (EPTOX), waste extraction test (WET), multiple extraction procedure (MEP), and modifications of these procedures which utilized actual MSW landfill leachates, a construction and demolition (C and D) debris leachate, and a concrete enhanced leachate. Additional experiments were conducted to assess factors affecting leaching, such as particle size, pH, and leaching contact time. Results from the regulatory leaching tests provided similar results with the exception of the WET, which extracted greater quantities of metals. Experiments conducted using actual MSW leachate, C and D debris leachate, and concrete enhanced leachate provided results that were within the same order of magnitude as results obtained from TCLP, SPLP, and EPTOX. Eleven of 13 samples of CCA-treated dimensional lumber exceeded the US EPA's toxicity characteristic (TC) threshold for arsenic (5 mg/L). If un-weathered arsenic-treated wood were not otherwise excluded from the definition of hazardous waste, it frequently would require management as such. When extracted with simulated rainwater (SPLP), 9 of the 13 samples leached arsenic at concentrations above 5 mg/L. Metal leachability tended to increase with decreasing particle size and at pH extremes. All three metals leached above the drinking water standards thus possibly posing a potential risk to groundwater. Arsenic is a major concern from a disposal point of view with respect to ground water quality. PMID:15511577

Townsend, Timothy; Tolaymat, Thabet; Solo-Gabriele, Helena; Dubey, Brajesh; Stook, Kristin; Wadanambi, Lakmini

2004-10-18

482

Congress Examines Nuclear Waste Disposal Recommendations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During an 8 February U.S. congressional hearing to examine how to move forward on dealing with spent nuclear fuel and to review other recommendations of the recently released final report of the White House-appointed Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future (BRC), Yucca Mountain was the 65,000-ton gorilla in the room. BRC's charge was to conduct a comprehensive review of policies to manage the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle and recommend a new strategy for dealing with the 65,000 tons of spent nuclear fuel currently stored at 75 sites around the country and the 2000 tons of new spent fuel being produced each year. However, BRC specifically did not evaluate Yucca Mountain. A 26 January letter from BRC to U.S. secretary of energy Steven Chu states, You directed that the Commission was not to serve as a siting body. Accordingly, we have not evaluated Yucca Mountain or any other location as a potential site for the storage of spent nuclear fuel or disposal of high-level waste nor have we taken a position on the administration's request to withdraw the Yucca Mountain license application.

Showstack, Randy

2012-02-01

483

Silicon Polymer Encapsulation of High Level Calcine Waste for Transportation or Disposal  

SciTech Connect

Engineers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are investigating the use of a proprietary silicon-polymer to encapsulate high-level calcine waste stored at the INEEL's Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). The silicon-polymer-encapsulated waste may be suitable for direct disposal at a radioactive waste disposal facility or for transport to an offsite melter for further processing. In connection with silicon-polymer encapsulation, the University of Akron, under special arrangement with Orbit Technologies, the originator of the Polymer Encapsulation Technology (PET), has studied a simulated waste material from INTEC called pilot-scale calcine that contains hazardous materials but no radioactive isotopes. In this study, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and Materials Characterization Center Test 1P were performed to test the waste form for disposal. In addition, a maximum waste loading was established for transporting the calcine waste at INTEC to an offsite melter. For this maximum waste loading, compressive strength testing, 10-m drop testing, melt testing, and a Department of Transportation (DOT) oxidizer test were performed.

Loomis, Guy George; Miller, Carla Jean; Kimmel, Richard John

2000-03-01

484

Silicon polymer encapsulation of high level calcine waste for transportation or disposal  

SciTech Connect

Engineers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are investigating the use of a proprietary silicon-polymer to encapsulate high-level calcine waste stored at the INEEL's Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). The silicon-polymer-encapsulated waste may be suitable for direct disposal at a radioactive waste disposal facility or for transport to an offsite melter for further processing. In connection with silicon-polymer encapsulation, the University of Akron, under special arrangement with Orbit Technologies, the originator of the Polymer Encapsulation Technology (PET), has studied a simulated waste material from INTEC called pilot-scale calcine that contains hazardous materials but no radioactive isotopes. In this study, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and Materials Characterization Center Test 1P were performed to test the waste form for disposal. In addition, a maximum waste loading was established for transporting the calcine waste at INTEC to an offsite melter. For this maximum waste loading, compressive strength testing, 10-m drop testing, melt testing, and a Department of Transportation (DOT) oxidizer test were performed.

G. G. Loomis

2000-02-27

485

Recommended strategy for the disposal of remote-handled transuranic waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current baseline plan for RH TRU (remote-handled transuranic) waste disposal is to package the waste in special canisters for emplacement in the walls of the waste disposal rooms at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The RH waste must be emplaced before the disposal rooms are filled by contact-handled waste. Issues which must be resolved for this plan to

Bild

1994-01-01

486

Searching for acceptable solutions to nuclear-waste disposal  

SciTech Connect

Three lettes are presented here, all addressing the problem of nuclear waste disposal. Robert M. Bernero (former director of the Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, US NRC) points out there are only 4 options for managing toxic and nuclear waste (recycling, outer space disposal; deep-ocean disposal, geologic disposal) and that the stragegy should prevent people from inadvertently stumbling onto the waste site. Robert Holden (director nuclear Waste Program, National Congress of American Indians) uses Yucca Mountain to illustrate problems and solutions that must be implemented if tribal people`s concerns are to be respected. George E. Dials (Manager, Carlsbad Area Office, US DOE) focuses on a positive assessment of WIPP as part of the solution.

Bernero, R.M. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-31

487

49 CFR 228.327 - Waste collection and disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...designed to permit the maintenance of a sanitary condition without regard to the aforementioned requirements. (c) Food waste disposal containers provided for the interior of camp cars. An adequate number of receptacles constructed of...

2013-10-01

488

49 CFR 228.327 - Waste collection and disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...designed to permit the maintenance of a sanitary condition without regard to the aforementioned requirements. (c) Food waste disposal containers provided for the interior of camp cars. An adequate number of receptacles constructed of...

2012-10-01

489

36 CFR 13.1912 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve 13.1912 Solid waste disposal...located wholly on nonfederal lands within Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve may be operated without the...

2014-07-01

490

36 CFR 13.1912 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve 13.1912 Solid waste disposal...located wholly on nonfederal lands within Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve may be operated without the...

2011-07-01

491

36 CFR 13.1912 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve 13.1912 Solid waste disposal...located wholly on nonfederal lands within Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve may be operated without the...

2012-07-01

492

36 CFR 13.1912 - Solid waste disposal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UNITS IN ALASKA Special Regulations-Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve 13.1912 Solid waste disposal...located wholly on nonfederal lands within Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve may be operated without the...

2013-07-01

493

Biological treatment of concentrated hazardous, toxic, andradionuclide mixed wastes without dilution  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 10 percent of all radioactive wastes produced in the U. S. are mixed with hazardous or toxic chemicals and therefore can not be placed in secure land disposal facilities. Mixed wastes containing hazardous organic chemicals are often incinerated, but volatile radioactive elements are released directly into the biosphere. Some mixed wastes do not currently have any identified disposal option and are stored locally awaiting new developments. Biological treatment has been proposed as a potentially safer alternative to incineration for the treatment of hazardous organic mixed wastes, since biological treatment would not release volatile radioisotopes and the residual low-level radioactive waste would no longer be restricted from land disposal. Prior studies have shown that toxicity associated with acetonitrile is a significant limiting factor for the application of biotreatment to mixed wastes and excessive dilution was required to avoid inhibition of biological treatment. In this study, we demonstrate that a novel reactor configuration, where the concentrated toxic waste is drip-fed into a complete-mix bioreactor containing a pre-concentrated active microbial population, can be used to treat a surrogate acetonitrile mixed waste stream without excessive dilution. Using a drip-feed bioreactor, we were able to treat a 90,000 mg/L acetonitrile solution to less than 0.1 mg/L final concentration using a dilution factor of only 3.4. It was determined that the acetonitrile degradation reaction was inhibited at a pH above 7.2 and that the reactor could be modeled using conventional kinetic and mass balance approaches. Using a drip-feed reactor configuration addresses a major limiting factor (toxic inhibition) for the biological treatment of toxic, hazardous, or radioactive mixed wastes and suggests that drip-feed bioreactors could be used to treat other concentrated toxic waste streams, such as chemical warfare materiel.

Stringfellow, William T.; Komada, Tatsuyuki; Chang, Li-Yang

2004-06-15

494

40 CFR 261.10 - Criteria for identifying the characteristics of hazardous waste.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...identifying the characteristics of hazardous waste. 261.10 Section 261...IDENTIFICATION AND LISTING OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Criteria for Identifying the Characteristics of Hazardous Waste and for Listing Hazardous...

2014-07-01

495

The Disposal of Radioactive Wastes from Fission Reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the nature of the wastes produced by nuclear power reactors, evaluates their potential impact on public health and the environment, and outlines current plans to dispose of them in secure underground repositories. Arguments against this mode of disposal are answered. (DLC)

Bernard L. Cohen

1977-01-01

496

Hot isostatic pressing of copper canisters for nuclear waste disposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the copper canisters designed by the Swedes for nuclear waste disposal. The canister is a large, plain, cylindrical can into which the spent nuclear fuel elements can be packed and sealed for final disposal. Two canister modifications are shown which have been developed, differing only in the method of packing the fuel elements into the canister. Both

Lyman

1984-01-01

497

The extended EOQ repair and waste disposal model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper an EOQ model is studied in which the stationary demand can be satisfied by newly made products and by repaired used products. This model assumes that the used products are collected and later repaired at some rate and the other products might be disposed outside according to some waste disposal rate. This model extends previous studies to

Knut Richter

1996-01-01

498

Toxic-Waste Disposal by Combustion in Containers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Chemical wastes burned with minimal handling in storage containers. Technique for disposing of chemical munitions by burning them inside shells applies to disposal of toxic materials stored in drums. Fast, economical procedure overcomes heat-transfer limitations of conventional furnace designs by providing direct contact of oxygenrich combustion gases with toxic agent. No need to handle waste material, and container also decontaminated in process. Oxygen-rich torch flame cuts burster well and causes vaporization and combustion of toxic agent contained in shell.

Houseman, J.; Stephens, J. B.; Moynihan, P. I.; Compton, L. E.; Kalvinskas, J. J.

1986-01-01

499

Waste disposal technology transfer matching requirement clusters for waste disposal facilities in China  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We outline the differences of Chinese MSW characteristics from Western MSW. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the requirements of four clusters of plant owner/operators in China. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We examine the best technology fit for these requirements via a matrix. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Variance in waste input affects result more than training and costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For China technology adaptation and localisation could become push, not pull factors. - Abstract: Even though technology transfer has been part of development aid programmes for many decades, it has more often than not failed to come to fruition. One reason is the absence of simple guidelines or decision making tools that help operators or plant owners to decide on the most suitable technology to adopt. Practical suggestions for choosing the most suitable technology to combat a specific problem are hard to get and technology drawbacks are not sufficiently highlighted. Western counterparts in technology transfer or development projects often underestimate or don't sufficiently account for the high investment costs for the imported incineration plant; the differing nature of Chinese MSW; the need for trained manpower; and the need to treat flue gas, bunker leakage water, and ash, all of which contain highly toxic elements. This article sets out requirements for municipal solid waste disposal plant owner/operators in China as well as giving an attribute assessment for the prevalent waste disposal plant types in order to assist individual decision makers in their evaluation process for what plant type might be most suitable in a given situation. There is no 'best' plant for all needs and purposes, and requirement constellations rely on generalisations meaning they cannot be blindly applied, but an alignment of a type of plant to a type of owner or operator can realistically be achieved. To this end, a four-step approach is suggested and a technology matrix is set out to ease the choice of technology to transfer and avoid past errors. The four steps are (1) Identification of plant owner/operator requirement clusters; (2) Determination of different municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment plant attributes; (3) Development of a matrix matching requirement clusters to plant attributes; (4) Application of Quality Function Deployment Method to aid in technology localisation. The technology transfer matrices thus derived show significant performance differences between the various technologies available. It is hoped that the resulting research can build a bridge between technology transfer research and waste disposal research in order to enhance the exchange of more sustainable solutions in future.

Dorn, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.dorn@uni-rostock.de [University of Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department Waste Management, Justus-v.-Liebig-Weg 6, 18059 Rostock (Germany); Nelles, Michael, E-mail: michael.nelles@uni-rostock.de [University of Rostock, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Department Waste Management, Justus-v.-Liebig-Weg 6, 18059 Rostock (Germany); Flamme, Sabine, E-mail: flamme@fh-muenster.de [University of Applied Sciences Muenster, Corrensstrasse 25, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Jinming, Cai [Hefei University of Technology, 193 Tunxi Road, 230009 Hefei (China)

2012-11-15

500

Environmental Issues in the Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A comparative assessment of the post environmental issues for the geological disposal of carbon dioxide (CO2) and radioactive waste (RW) is made in this chapter. Several criteria are used: the characteristics of RW and CO2; their potential environmental impacts; an assessment of the hazards arising from RW and CO2; and monitoring of their environmental impacts. There are several differences in

Julia M. West; Richard P. Shaw; Jonathan M. Pearce