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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

World Health News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the Center for Health Communication of the Harvard School of Public Health, this online weekly news digest covers stories on public health issues from around the world. Aimed at an international audience of policy makers, journalists, public health researchers, practitioners, and advocates, World Health News blends original reporting with links to stories and editorials from publications worldwide. Currently, the site features a spotlight story on women's rights, health, and equality, as well as synopses and links to stories on the death penalty, AIDS, mental health care for children, environmental hazards, teens and tobacco, and gene therapy, among others. Future plans for the site include video and audio offerings, such as expert interviews and coverage of breaking public health news from "leading news organizations."

2

Figuring Out Health News  

MedlinePLUS

... Put keywords from the news report into a search engine and see what comes up. The results will give you lots of different perspectives — particularly if the issue is big ... the sites that show up in search results may not have the most accurate and ...

3

NIH News in Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Breast Cancer Protect Yourself Against HPV Health Capsules Video Game Training Improves Brain Function in Older Adults Gut ... Breast Cancer Protect Yourself Against HPV Health Capsules Video Game Training Improves Brain Function in Older Adults Gut ...

4

Health Content in Local Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local television news is an important source of health information for the public. Yet little is known about coverage of health issues on local television newscasts. This study examined 1,863 news stories that aired on 4 English-language channels and 1 Spanish channel in 7 U.S. markets during a composite week in 2000. About 10% of news stories focused on health

Zheng Wang; Walter Gantz

2007-01-01

5

Computational Methods for Analyzing Health News Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers that investigate the media's coverage of health have historically relied on keyword searches to retrieve relevant health news coverage, and manual content analysis methods to categorize and score health news text. These methods are problematic. Manual content analysis methods are labor intensive, time consuming, and inherently…

McFarlane, Delano J.

2011-01-01

6

NewsHour Extra: Addressing Health Mysteries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this PBS NewsHour Extra lesson plan, students take an in-depth look at the SARS epidemic, with a particular focus on pan-national public health administration. A NewsHour interview with Dr. David Heyman, Director for Communicable Diseases at the World Health Organization (WHO), forms the basis of the exercise (video, audio, and transcript available). A NewsHour Extra story on SARS provides additional material. The site also offers ideas for homework and extension activities, each designed to help students explore and understand the process by which organizations like WHO tackle new disease outbreaks.

Dufour, Joanne.

7

FDA Science Advisory Board Global Health Subcommittee  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. FDA Science Advisory Board Global Health Subcommittee Jeff Bender University of Minnesota School of Public Health and ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

8

Community mental health boards: A comparison of their development, functions, and powers by board members and mental health center staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orientations toward citizens' board functioning in a community mental health setting were studied in an urban setting involving 18 community-based mental health centers. Four groups were interviewed: citizen board members, board chairpersons, center staff, and center directors. Groups generally agreed that the primary function of a board is to make certain that community needs are met. Board members and professionals

Mary Jo Kupst; Phil Reidda; Thomas F. McGee

1975-01-01

9

Strengthening Board - Staff Collaboration in Community Mental Health Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A continuing education program for selected mental health professionals and board members is designed to strengthen, board - staff collaboration in development and interpretation of community health programs. The program is sponsored by the School of Soci...

D. W. Rieman

1976-01-01

10

Press Responsibility for Health News: Beyond Precision and Toward Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In addition to investigative and interpretative reporting, journalists might adopt a new approach to the news--preventive journalism. Preventive journalism would concentrate on news and information that could be used to prevent crises and conditions upon which the mass media thrive. In one area, public health, preventive journalism could be used…

Burd, Gene

11

78 FR 40743 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Board of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Board...and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR...Black, Office of Science and Public Health Practice Executive...

2013-07-08

12

News Coverage of Health-Related Issues and Its Impacts on Perceptions: Taiwan as an Example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how health news gets framed and the influence of exposure to news framed differently. A content analysis of Taiwanese newspapers indicates that health news in general, and H1N1 flu news in particular, is more likely to use alarm rather than coping frames. According to an experiment, exposure to H1N1 flu news in an alarm frame evokes greater

Chingching Chang

2012-01-01

13

News Coverage of Health-Related Issues and Its Impacts on Perceptions: Taiwan as an Example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how health news gets framed and the influence of exposure to news framed differently. A content analysis of Taiwanese newspapers indicates that health news in general, and H1N1 flu news in particular, is more likely to use alarm rather than coping frames. According to an experiment, exposure to H1N1 flu news in an alarm frame evokes greater

Chingching Chang

2011-01-01

14

The Best Time to Exercise: MedlinePlus Health News Video  

MedlinePLUS

... hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week. I'm Dr. Cindy Haines of HealthDay TV; with the news doctors are reading, health news that matters to you. Mobile version Get ...

15

Environment and Health: News and Events  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PSR's (Physicians for Social Responsibility) Environment and Health Program addresses an array of environmental health issues relevant to health professionals in the United States and around the globe.

2007-04-11

16

Audience Responses to News Media Images of Pacific Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

News media contain a multitude of images of Pacific peoples and health. This paper presents findings from a social psychological study of audience responses to such images. Two Pacific and two Palagi groups took part in discussions in which they responded to specific print media articles. These discussions were used to explore how different New Zealand audiences view and respond

Robert Loto

17

Medical scientists and health news reporting: a case of miscommunication.  

PubMed

The public is poorly served by the coverage of medical science in the general press. Scientists and physicians blame the press, claiming that journalists are careless in their reporting, subject to competitive pressures, and ignorant of the scientific process. Journalists accuse the medical community of limiting access to information and erecting barriers to the public dissemination of medical research. In many areas of health news reporting, the underlying problem is an interactive dynamic that involves scientists and journalists. Both parties share the responsibility for accurate communication to the public. This report suggests ways to improve health news reporting, focusing on four problem areas: sensationalism, biases and conflicts of interest, lack of follow-up, and stories that are not covered. PMID:9182476

Shuchman, M; Wilkes, M S

1997-06-15

18

Challenges in Covering Health Disparities in Local News Media: An Exploratory Analysis Assessing Views of Journalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

News coverage of health topics influences knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors at the individual level, and agendas and actions\\u000a at the institutional and policy levels. Because disparities in health often are the result of social inequalities that require\\u000a community-level or policy-level solutions, news stories employing a health disparities news frame may contribute to agenda-setting\\u000a among opinion leaders and policymakers and lead

Sherrie Flynt Wallington; Kelly D. Blake; Kalahn Taylor-Clark; K. Viswanath

2010-01-01

19

News, social capital and health in the context of Katrina.  

PubMed

This study assesses the public health functions played by news information and social capital in the context of Hurricane Katrina. In-depth interviews were conducted with 57 hurricane shelter residents between 4 and 6 weeks after the hurricane. Depression was more common for participants who relied more on news information than for other participants after the hurricane (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 5.49; 95% CI, 1.29 to 23.35; p=.021). Depression was more common for participants with relatively low levels of pre-hurricane positive social interactions (AOR, .16; 95% CI, .02 to 1.83; p=.046) and post-hurricane positive social interactions (AOR, .02; 95% CI, .00 to .74; p=.033) and high levels of post-hurricane negative social interactions (AOR, 17.05; 95% CI, .92 to 315.64; p=.047). Illness and injury were more common for participants who had relied more on news information than for other participants after the hurricane (AOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.77; p=.046). PMID:17483569

Beaudoin, Christopher E

2007-05-01

20

Occupational Practices and the Making of Health News: A National Survey of U.S. Health and Medical Science Journalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

News media coverage of health topics can frame and heighten the salience of health-related issues, thus influencing the public's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through their routine coverage of scientific developments, news media are a critical intermediary in translating research for the public, patients, practitioners, and policymakers. Until now, little was known about how health and medical science reporters and editors

K. Viswanath; Kelly D. Blake; Helen I. Meissner; Nicole Gottlieb Saiontz; Corey Mull; Carol S. Freeman; Bradford Hesse; Robert T. Croyle

2008-01-01

21

Photovoltaic environmental health and safety electronic bulletin board service  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electronic bulletin board system (BBS) has been established by the Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, for the Photovoltaics Technology Division, US Department of Energy. The purpose of the BBS is to provide a forum for the ongoing exchange of information related to the environmental, health, and safety aspects of photovoltaic cell manufacture. This BBS is available,

A. F. Meinhold; P. D. Moskowitz

1990-01-01

22

Rx for Students' Mental Health: What Boards Can Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcohol and substance disorders. Life-threatening eating disorders. Suicidal behaviors. Students' mental-health needs continue to garner considerable attention at colleges and universities--as well as among the public and in the press when a high-profile tragedy occurs. Institutions and the boards of trustees that govern them are challenged with…

Eells, Gregory T.

2011-01-01

23

Evaluating the Accuracy of Health News Publications in a Drug Literature Evaluation Course  

PubMed Central

Objectives To design an assignment for second-professional year pharmacy students to assess the accuracy and quality of health information published in the news. Design Students in a literature evaluation course were assigned a health-related news publication to review and find the original published research article. They then critically evaluated the quality and accuracy of the news publication based on the original research. All students wrote a critique focusing on the quality and accuracy of the news article and potential responses the lay public might have. Assessment Eighty-four percent of students agreed the writing assignment reinforced critical literature evaluation skills, while 90% agreed the assignment contributed to completion of course objectives. Conclusions A writing assignment requiring comparison of a news publication to the original research reinforces critical literature evaluation and communication skills, as well as stimulates thought about the accuracy, quality, and public responses to health information published in the news.

Timpe, Erin M.; Eichner, Samantha F.

2006-01-01

24

Low Recall of Local Television Health Care News Segment Topics, Sponsors and Program Names  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to examine the effectiveness of hospitals' sponsoring of local broadcast news health care segments, viewer recall of information presented in news reports, the program name of the reports, and the names of the hospital sponsors of those reports were analyzed. Despite the fact that telephone survey respondents said they place a higher value on televised health care

Rhonda Gibson; Jerry C. Hudson; Liz Watts

1999-01-01

25

The body and visual boundaries: A study of patient images in televised sexual health news reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation's focus involves formerly private medical examinations\\/procedures in television sexual health news reports. Based on post-structural theory, this dissertation includes a consideration of social concerns related to body boundaries, privacy, medical paternalism, and medical dependency. In particular, these concerns serve as the theoretical backdrop for an investigation of patient images depicted in television sexual health news reports. ^ This

Marie Louise Dick

2004-01-01

26

Communicating population health: Print news media coverage of type 2 diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public learns much about health and health policy from the news media. The news media can shape the public's opinions about issues by emphasizing certain features in their coverage, such as the causes of a problem, who is responsible for addressing it, and what groups are affected. This study examines media framing of the problem of type 2 diabetes,

Sarah E. Gollust; Paula M. Lantz

2009-01-01

27

Supplementing the Traditional Institutional Review Board with an Environmental Health and Community Review Board  

PubMed Central

Background Community-based research often involves additional ethical, legal, and social considerations beyond those of the specific individuals involved in the study. The traditional institutional review board (IRB) typically focuses on protecting the rights and ensuring the safety of the individuals involved. For projects involving community members, IRBs should be more sensitive to issues related to the broader community concerns. Objectives The objective of this article is to discuss the concept of community-based participatory research and the shortcomings of the traditional IRBs in dealing with ethical issues associated with broader community concerns such as implications for family members, neighborhood groups, and local businesses. I examine the rationale and benefits for expanding the roles and responsibilities of review boards related to community-based issues. Discussion I propose the development of environmental health and community review boards (EHCRBs) that combine the fundamental responsibilities and ethical concept of the traditional review boards with an expanded ethical construct of dignity, veracity, sustainability, and justice, with an added emphasis on community. Conclusions Only by acknowledging the needs of and working with the community can we ensure ethically based and socially responsible research. An EHCRB will allow researchers and community members to more fully address their mutual interest in conducting scientific, ethical, and socially responsible research.

Gilbert, Steven G.

2006-01-01

28

A Patient-centered Approach to Breaking Bad News: Communication Guidelines for Health Care Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation takes a patient-centered approach to examining strategies physicians use to deliver bad news to patients. Qualitative data were obtained from 68 patients who had received a message they perceived as negative information from a health care provider. Through grounded theory methodology, patient accounts were examined to reveal four provider strategies for breaking bad news. This investigation underscores the

Lisa Sparks; Melinda M. Villagran; Jessica Parker-Raley; Cory B. Cunningham

2007-01-01

29

News Media Coverage of Trans Fat: Health Risks and Policy Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research indicates that the news media play a critical role in transmitting information to the public about the most pressing public health problems, and framing attributions about who in society is responsible for solving these problems. In this article, we use content analysis methods to study the agenda-setting and framing functions of the news media in shaping perceptions about

Marian Jarlenski; Colleen L. Barry

2012-01-01

30

Studying the News on Public Health: How Content Analysis Supports Media Advocacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe how content analysis of the news assists media advocates. Methods: A description of how findings from the Berkeley Media Studies Group's research on how 2 public health issues have been portrayed in the news has informed media advocacy. Results: For media advocates, the research suggests they make themselves available to…

Dorfman, Lori

2003-01-01

31

News media coverage of trans fat: health risks and policy responses.  

PubMed

Prior research indicates that the news media play a critical role in transmitting information to the public about the most pressing public health problems, and framing attributions about who in society is responsible for solving these problems. In this article, we use content analysis methods to study the agenda-setting and framing functions of the news media in shaping perceptions about the health risks posed by trans fat in the U.S. diet. A census of news stories focusing on trans fat was collected from the two largest circulation U.S. newspapers and three major television networks from 1998 to 2008 (N = 156). The content of news coverage was analyzed using a 23-item instrument. Findings indicated that the news media served an important agenda-setting role in educating the public about the presence of trans fat in the U.S. diet and describing the health risks these foods pose. In addition, results indicate that news media coverage framed attributions of responsibility for solving the problem of trans fat in the food supply. News stories noting the heart disease risks of trans fat were significantly more likely to mention governmental responses aimed at curbing consumption than news coverage that did not note these health risks. PMID:22574857

Jarlenski, Marian; Barry, Colleen L

2012-05-10

32

75 FR 35496 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-06-22

33

76 FR 36925 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-06-23

34

78 FR 21370 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2013-04-10

35

75 FR 22607 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-04-29

36

77 FR 9254 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-02-16

37

76 FR 5814 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-02-02

38

77 FR 69486 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-11-19

39

75 FR 57281 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-09-20

40

78 FR 11650 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2013-02-19

41

76 FR 61364 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-10-04

42

78 FR 58543 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2013-09-24

43

77 FR 52335 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...DOE) facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-08-29

44

77 FR 43090 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-07-23

45

75 FR 3911 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-01-25

46

76 FR 71567 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-11-18

47

75 FR 81277 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-12-27

48

76 FR 47590 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-08-05

49

78 FR 732 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2013-01-04

50

77 FR 19017 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-03-29

51

77 FR 32117 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2012-05-31

52

76 FR 16787 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2011-03-25

53

The influence of news events on health after disaster: a longitudinal study in general practice.  

PubMed

This study investigates the influence of local and international news events on utilization of health services resources and health complaints as presented by victims of a fireworks depot disaster. It was hypothesized that victims (N = 2,854) will show more utilization and health complaints to their general practitioner (GP) in the week after 11 local news reports of events relating to the specific index trauma and 6 unrelated disasters reported in international print news, than the week before. Health data of victims and matched controls were extracted from electronic medical records, covering 4-years postdisaster. Especially local news events concerning the cause of the disaster were associated in both victims and controls with an increase of GP utilization and health complaints, including medically unexplained physical symptoms, chronic diseases, and psychological problems. No difference between victims and controls were found. PMID:19960548

ten Veen, Petra M H; Morren, Mattijn; Yzermans, C Joris

2009-12-01

54

The representation of health professionals on governing boards of health care organizations in new york city.  

PubMed

The Representation of Health Professionals on Governing Boards of Health Care Organizations in New York City. The heightened importance of processes and outcomes of care-including their impact on health care organizations' (HCOs) financial health-translate into greater accountability for clinical performance on the part of HCO leaders, including their boards, during an era of health care reform. Quality and safety of care are now fiduciary responsibilities of HCO board members. The participation of health professionals on HCO governing bodies may be an asset to HCO governing boards because of their deep knowledge of clinical problems, best practices, quality indicators, and other issues related to the safety and quality of care. And yet, the sparse data that exist indicate that physicians comprise more than 20 % of the governing board members of hospitals while less than 5 % are nurses and no data exist on other health professionals. The purpose of this two-phased study is to examine health professionals' representations on HCOs-specifically hospitals, home care agencies, nursing homes, and federally qualified health centers-in New York City. Through a survey of these organizations, phase 1 of the study found that 93 % of hospitals had physicians on their governing boards, compared with 26 % with nurses, 7 % with dentists, and 4 % with social workers or psychologists. The overrepresentation of physicians declined with the other HCOs. Only 38 % of home care agencies had physicians on their governing boards, 29 % had nurses, and 24 % had social workers. Phase 2 focused on the barriers to the appointment of health professionals to governing boards of HCOs and the strategies to address these barriers. Sixteen health care leaders in the region were interviewed in this qualitative study. Barriers included invisibility of health professionals other than physicians; concerns about "special interests"; lack of financial resources for donations to the organization; and lack of knowledge and skills with regard to board governance, especially financial matters. Strategies included developing an infrastructure for preparing and getting appointed various health professionals, mentoring, and developing a personal plan of action for appointments. PMID:23192386

Mason, Diana J; Keepnews, David; Holmberg, Jessica; Murray, Ellen

2013-10-01

55

76 FR 5340 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Health Board (DHB) Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board will receive an information brief regarding the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE). The Board will vote on a recommendation regarding the proposed research priorities of the Trauma...

2011-01-31

56

Exploring the Hardwired for News Hypothesis: How Threat Proximity Affects the Cognitive and Emotional Processing of Health-Related Print News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored how the proximity of threatening health news affects cognition and emotion through a 2 (Proximity: High\\/Low) × 4 (Topic) fractional experiment. Fifty-one participants read four news stories about either local or distant health threats, with their heart rate, skin conductance, and corrugator electromyography recorded. Results showed that high-proximity health threats elicited greater heart rate deceleration than did low-proximity health

Kevin Wise; Petya Eckler; Anastasia Kononova; Jeremy Littau

2009-01-01

57

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein Year: Argentina remembers Einstein’s visit Health and Beauty: The sweet smell of fragrant molecules Austria: Physics and society top the bill Canada: Innovative teaching strategies pave the way for modern physics Publications: New online journal lets young scientists speak for themselves Forthcoming Events

2006-07-01

58

Using community news media to broaden mental health center prevention efforts.  

PubMed

Community programs of preventive mental health are especially likely to face difficulties during times of fiscal constraint. Mental health professionals should be aware that prevention activities can be developed with limited resources and existing staff, by making use of local news media--newspapers, radio, and television--to educate, support, and inform the public about mental health issues. PMID:6731596

Brawley, E A; Martinez-Brawley, E E

1984-04-01

59

Challenges in Covering Health Disparities in Local News Media: An Exploratory Analysis Assessing Views of Journalists  

PubMed Central

News coverage of health topics influences knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors at the individual level, and agendas and actions at the institutional and policy levels. Because disparities in health often are the result of social inequalities that require community-level or policy-level solutions, news stories employing a health disparities news frame may contribute to agenda-setting among opinion leaders and policymakers and lead to policy efforts aimed at reducing health disparities. This study objective was to conduc an exploratory analysis to qualitatively describe barriers that health journalists face when covering health disparities in local media. Between June and October 2007, 18 journalists from television, print, and radio in Boston, Lawrence, and Worcester, Massachusetts, were recruited using a purposive sampling technique. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted by telephone, and the crystallization/immersion method was used to conduct a qualitative analysis of interview transcripts. Our results revealed that journalists said that they consider several angles when developing health stories, including public impact and personal behavior change. Challenges to employing a health disparities frame included inability to translate how research findings may impact different socioeconomic groups, and difficulty understanding how findings may translate across racial/ethnic groups. Several journalists reported that disparities-focused stories are “less palatable” for some audiences. This exploratory study offers insights into the challenges that local news media face in using health disparities news frames in their routine coverage of health news. Public health practitioners may use these findings to inform communication efforts with local media in order to advance the public dialogue about health disparities.

Wallington, Sherrie Flynt; Blake, Kelly D.; Taylor-Clark, Kalahn; Viswanath, K.

2011-01-01

60

Challenges in covering health disparities in local news media: an exploratory analysis assessing views of journalists.  

PubMed

News coverage of health topics influences knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors at the individual level, and agendas and actions at the institutional and policy levels. Because disparities in health often are the result of social inequalities that require community-level or policy-level solutions, news stories employing a health disparities news frame may contribute to agenda-setting among opinion leaders and policymakers and lead to policy efforts aimed at reducing health disparities. This study objective was to conduct an exploratory analysis to qualitatively describe barriers that health journalists face when covering health disparities in local media. Between June and October 2007, 18 journalists from television, print, and radio in Boston, Lawrence, and Worcester, Massachusetts, were recruited using a purposive sampling technique. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted by telephone, and the crystallization/immersion method was used to conduct a qualitative analysis of interview transcripts. Our results revealed that journalists said that they consider several angles when developing health stories, including public impact and personal behavior change. Challenges to employing a health disparities frame included inability to translate how research findings may impact different socioeconomic groups, and difficulty understanding how findings may translate across racial/ethnic groups. Several journalists reported that disparities-focused stories are "less palatable" for some audiences. This exploratory study offers insights into the challenges that local news media face in using health disparities news frames in their routine coverage of health news. Public health practitioners may use these findings to inform communication efforts with local media in order to advance the public dialogue about health disparities. PMID:20041281

Wallington, Sherrie Flynt; Blake, Kelly D; Taylor-Clark, Kalahn; Viswanath, K

2010-10-01

61

Acculturation and changes in health among Navajo boarding school students.  

PubMed

This paper describes the relationship between cultural background and illness experience among Navajo students during their first year at a reservation boarding school. Sixty Navajo children were enrolled in a 9-month, prospective study in which three descriptors of change in health status were assessed: (a) number of dormitory aide contacts initiated by the child for an illness complaint; (b) number of clinic visits for an illness judged by the aide to require medical attention; and (c) number of psychosocial problems referred to the clinic or to the boarding school administration. Two measures of cultural background were developed to estimate the location of each child along a continuum of acculturation, ranging from a traditional Navajo cultural orientation to full assimilation into modern Anglo-American society. First, the home communities for all children in the study population were ranked by eleven Navajo informants on an equal-interval scale reflecting community differences in cultural identity. Second, a questionnaire assessing acculturative dimensions of family life style was administered to each child by a Navajo assistant. In addition, each student was assigned a score for cultural incongruity, defined as the degree of absolute difference between community and family measures of cultural background. The reliability and validity of each index of acculturation were confirmed using a variety of psychometric approaches. Controlling for the confounding effects of age, sex and family size, a significant positive association was found between the number of clinic visits and the degree of cultural incongruity. Boarding school students from families and communities which conflicted in cultural orientation experienced higher rates of clinic visits for illnesses requiring medical attention. This result is discussed in the context of current understandings of the epidemiological consequences of cultural change. PMID:6844954

Boyce, W T; Boyce, J C

1983-01-01

62

Occupational practices and the making of health news: a national survey of US Health and medical science journalists.  

PubMed

News media coverage of health topics can frame and heighten the salience of health-related issues, thus influencing the public's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through their routine coverage of scientific developments, news media are a critical intermediary in translating research for the public, patients, practitioners, and policymakers. Until now, little was known about how health and medical science reporters and editors initiate, prioritize, and develop news stories related to health and medicine. We surveyed 468 reporters and editors representing 463 local and national broadcast and print media outlets to characterize individual characteristics and occupational practices leading to the development of health and medical science news. Our survey revealed that 70% of respondents had bachelor's degrees; 8% were life sciences majors in college. Minorities are underrepresented in health journalism; 97% of respondents were non-Hispanic and 93% were White. Overall, initial ideas for stories come from a "news source" followed by press conferences or press releases. Regarding newsworthiness criteria, the "potential for public impact" and "new information or development" are the major criteria cited, followed by "ability to provide a human angle" and "ability to provide a local angle." Significant differences were seen between responses from reporters vs. editors and print vs. broadcast outlets. PMID:19051112

Viswanath, K; Blake, Kelly D; Meissner, Helen I; Saiontz, Nicole Gottlieb; Mull, Corey; Freeman, Carol S; Hesse, Bradford; Croyle, Robert T

2008-12-01

63

75 FR 43172 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Board of Scientific...Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC...Board of Scientific Counselors, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, of...

2010-07-23

64

‘Bullets as bacteria’Television news magazines’ use of the public health model for reporting violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys of mass media content related to social violence suggest that it generally focuses on the individual, atomistic ‘act’ (e.g. the bang-bang car chase) rather than issues of cause and prevention. Yet, increasingly - but with controversy - doctors, health officials and activists have pushed for a ‘public health’ model of reporting news about crime and violence that looks at

Renita Coleman; David D. Perlmutter

2005-01-01

65

77 FR 20823 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance...and Prevention (CDC), and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR), concerning...

2012-04-06

66

76 FR 53474 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance...and Prevention (CDC), and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR), concerning...

2011-08-26

67

76 FR 76416 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance...and Prevention (CDC), and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR), concerning...

2011-12-07

68

76 FR 18221 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR) In accordance...and Prevention (CDC), and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR), concerning...

2011-04-01

69

78 FR 34994 - Defense Health Board; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Enroute Critical Care Program, an update from the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury, and an information briefing on the Defense Health Agency Transition. In addition, the Board will report...

2013-06-11

70

Call to Action. Report of the Oklahoma State Board of Health, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction; Review of Data: Behavioral Risk Factors; Leading Causes of Death; Economic Risk Factors; A Call to Action: Tobacco Use Prevention; Partnership Approach to Public Health; Increased Support for Public Health; Conclusions; and Board o...

N. Harm

2002-01-01

71

Communicating population health: print news media coverage of type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

The public learns much about health and health policy from the news media. The news media can shape the public's opinions about issues by emphasizing certain features in their coverage, such as the causes of a problem, who is responsible for addressing it, and what groups are affected. This study examines media framing of the problem of type 2 diabetes, focusing on the extent to which the news media discuss diabetes using features that characterize a population health orientation (mentioning social determinants, upstream interventions, or disparities). We collected data from 698 print news articles appearing in 19 U.S. newspapers between 2005 and 2006. Results demonstrate that the predominant explanation for type 2 diabetes was behavioral factors and obesity. The predominant strategy to address diabetes was individualized behavior changes and medical care. A minority of articles described the social determinants of diabetes, upstream policy solutions, and disparities in diabetes; such articles appeared in a select subset of news outlets. These findings suggest the potential for great variability in public awareness of disparities in diabetes or its social determinants, with implications for the public's likelihood of supporting policies that may improve population health. PMID:19666208

Gollust, Sarah E; Lantz, Paula M

2009-08-08

72

United States Access Board  

MedlinePLUS

... access to buildings and sites nationwide in new construction and alterations. Similar standards apply to building and ... parks and other federal outdoor sites in new construction and alterations. Board News Board Issues Final Guidelines ...

73

Health content analysis of organ donation and transplantation news on Turkish television channels and in Turkish print media.  

PubMed

The media affects individuals' behaviors, especially by means of news and advertisements. In this study, we evaluated health content of organ donation and transplantation news in the printed media and on television programs for a 1-year period in Turkey. We examined 2449 news items in 230 newspapers and magazines; 1179 news programs on 45 television channels, all concerning organ donation and transplantation. The news obtained from the Media Pursuit Center were transferred to an electronic file to evaluate the format and content of the news. Nine variables were examined about the scope and the formal characteristics of the news: the publication name, its type, the province, the date, the headline, the title length, the presence of a photograph, or its kind, the news size, and the page number. In the content analysis of the news, we also examined 9 variables: the topic, the message of the headline, the property of the words in the title, the identification of photographs in the news, the age, gender of actors in the news, as well as donor or recipient. In a summary, print media and television channels, failed to show sufficient information about organ donation and transplantation. The percentage of news about organ donation and transplantation was small and mostly negative items in the media. On television channels, sufficient place was not given to organ donation and transplantation. The news in printed media and on television channels was not about motivated or altruistic behavior. The pattern of organ donation and transplantation news is important in terms of perception and comment by the public. Furthermore it directly affects the perception of the news by the reader. PMID:20172298

Colak, M Yavuz; Hekimoglu, D; Ersoy, K; Sozen, F; Haberal, M

74

SARS wars: an examination of the quantity and construction of health information in the news media.  

PubMed

The media have the power to sway public perception of health issues by choosing what to publish and the context in which to present information. The media may influence an individual's tendency to overestimate the risk of some health issues while underestimating the risk of others, ultimately influencing health choices. Although some research has been conducted to examine the number of articles on selected health topics, little research has examined how the messages are constructed. The purpose of this article is to describe an examination of the construction of news reports on health topics using aspects of the social amplification of risk model and the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion for theoretical direction. One hundred news media reports (print, radio, television, and Internet) were analyzed in terms of message repetition, context, source, and grammar. Results showed that health topics were more often discussed in terms of risk, by credible sources using strong language. This content analysis provides an empirical starting point for future research into how such health news may influence consumer's perceptions of health topics. PMID:17461750

Berry, Tanya R; Wharf-Higgins, Joan; Naylor, P J

2007-01-01

75

Plagues, Pestilence and Pathogens: The Ethical Implications of News Reporting of a World Health Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the ethics issues raised by SARS coverage and places them in the context of the history of pandemics. Building on earlier work, I suggest that health crises, at their onset, induce journalists to change their role from normal, critical reporting to news coverage that has the goal of saving life. Once the immediate crisis has passed, however,

Lee Wilkins

2005-01-01

76

The Kurt Cobain Suicide Crisis: Perspectives from Research, Public Health, and the News Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief overview of musician Kurt Cobain's life and one community's response to his suicide. Comments on the apparent lack of possible copycat suicides following the suicide. Presents two perspectives, drawn from public health and the news media, regarding the role of media influence on copycat suicides. (RJM)

Jobes, David A.; And Others

1996-01-01

77

CCR Clinical Trials at NIH: Health Care Professionals: In the News  

Cancer.gov

Search Twitter E-mail You are here: Clinical Trials at NIH > Health Care Professionals > In the News Would you like to update your profile or unsubscribe from the National Cancer Institute clinical trials at NIH program? E-mail*:   Required Field

78

75 FR 42448 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (CCHP): Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BSC, CCHP, has amended their charter to reflect the change in the name of the board to the BSC, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) and National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health...

2010-07-21

79

78 FR 38346 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2013-06-26

80

76 FR 38183 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2011-06-29

81

75 FR 39029 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2010-07-07

82

75 FR 28626 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2010-05-21

83

77 FR 15761 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2012-03-16

84

75 FR 10807 - Subcommittee on Procedures Reviews (SPR), Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Reviews (SPR), Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is...

2010-03-09

85

76 FR 11483 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2011-03-02

86

77 FR 40890 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2012-07-11

87

78 FR 62635 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2013-10-22

88

76 FR 77235 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2011-12-12

89

77 FR 61756 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2012-10-11

90

75 FR 78998 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2010-12-17

91

78 FR 732 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2013-01-04

92

78 FR 19268 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2013-03-29

93

76 FR 54775 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National...of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not feasible to estimate their radiation dose, and on whether there is a...

2011-09-02

94

Effects of Self-Efficacy and Response Efficacy Messages in Health News: Changing Health Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cancer is now the second leading cause of death for Americans, behind heart disease. By current estimates, up to two thirds of cancer diagnoses could be avoided or prevented with behavior changes such as the adoption of healthier lifestyles. One way that individuals learn about cancer is through the news media. Of all of the sources of health…

Moriarty, Cortney Michelle

2009-01-01

95

News media coverage of smoking and health is associated with changes in population rates of smoking cessation but not initiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo determine whether changes in news media coverage of smoking and health issues are associated with changes in smoking behaviour in the USA.DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESIssue importance in the US news media is assessed by the number of articles published annually in major magazines indexed in The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature. Annual incidence rates for cessation and initiation

John P Pierce; Elizabeth A Gilpin

2001-01-01

96

Lay people's and health professionals' views about breaking bad news to children.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Bad health news is difficult to communicate, especially when parents must give bad news to their children. METHODS: We had 170 lay persons, 33 nurses and six physicians in Toulouse, France, judge the appropriateness of the parents' behaviour in 64 scenarios of parents dealing with this problem. The scenarios were composed according to a four within-subject orthogonal design: child's age (4, 6, 8 or 10), severity of disease (lethal or worrisome but curable), child's concern or not about his illness and parents' decision about communicating the news (tell nothing, minimize, tell the truth or ask the physician to tell the truth). RESULTS: Cluster analysis revealed four clusters, labelled 'Always Tell the Truth' (33%, including a majority of doctors and nurses), 'Tell Nothing or Minimize' (16%, with an older average age), 'Tell the Truth Except in Cases of Incurable Illness' (22%) and 'Depends on Child's Characteristics' (29%). CONCLUSIONS: Physicians in training and in practice need to be aware that lay people - and likely parents as well - have diverse and complex opinions about when and how parents should give bad health news to their children. PMID:22928950

Muñoz Sastre, M T; Sorum, P C; Mullet, E

2012-08-29

97

Recommendations: Health Professions Education. A Report to the Southern Regional Education Board by Its Commission on Health and Human Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems facing health professions schools and academic health centers that can damage health were identified by the Southern Regional Education Board, along with recommendations for action within the states. Nine problems for these schools and centers concern: declining applications and enrollments for dental schools and many schools of pharmacy,…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

98

Halloween and Food Allergies: MedlinePlus Health News Video  

MedlinePLUS

... the lower right-hand corner of the player. Halloween and Food Allergies HealthDay October 18, 2013 Related ... Children's Health Food Allergy Transcript If there's a Halloween party in your future, we don't want ...

99

Power Naps for Preschoolers: MedlinePlus Health News Video  

MedlinePLUS

... lower right-hand corner of the player. Power Naps for Preschoolers HealthDay September 24, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Development School Health Transcript A nap does a preschooler's body, and mind good. That's ...

100

ADHD and Medication: MedlinePlus Health News Video  

MedlinePLUS

... the lower right-hand corner of the player. ADHD and Medication HealthDay September 30, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Child Mental Health Transcript Psychotropic drugs alter chemical ...

101

Third-Person Effects of Health NewsExploring the Relationships Among Media Exposure, Presumed Media Influence, and Behavioral Intentions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study expands third-person effect research to health news coverage. It examines the perceptual and behavioral components of third-person effects. Moderator variables of third-person effects—knowledge and exposure to health news—are also examined. Using data from a survey of public opinion about the coverage of avian flu involving a probability sample of 1,107 college students in Taiwan, findings show that respondents

Ran Wei; Ven-Hwei Lo; Hung-Yi Lu

2008-01-01

102

Boards of Health as Venues for Clean Indoor Air Policy Making  

PubMed Central

Objectives. This study sought to determine the tobacco industry's strategies for opposing health board actions and to identify elements necessary for public health to prevail. Methods. Newspaper articles, personal interviews, and tobacco industry documents released through litigation were reviewed. Results. Twenty-five instances in which the tobacco industry opposed health board regulations were identified. It was shown that the tobacco industry uses 3 strategies against health boards: “accommodation” (tobacco industry public relations campaigns to accommodate smokers in public places), legislative intervention, and litigation. These strategies are often executed with the help of tobacco industry front groups or allies in the hospitality industry. Conclusions. Although many tobacco control advocates believe that passing health board regulations is easier than the legislative route, this is generally not the case. The industry will often attempt to involve the legislature in fighting the regulations, forcing advocates to fight a battle on 2 fronts. It is important for health boards to verify their authority over smoking restrictions and refrain from considering nonhealth factors (including industry claims of adverse economic impacts) so as to withstand court challenges.

Dearlove, Joanna V.; Glantz, Stanton A.

2002-01-01

103

Living can be hazardous to your health: how the news media cover cancer risks.  

PubMed

For more than two decades, the news media has bombarded the public with often conflicting information about health risks, contributing to an atmosphere of hype and hysteria about cancer and other diseases. Improvements in media reporting of health risks require greater efforts by both those who cover the news and those who create it. Guidelines for bringing more perspective and balance to media coverage of risk are provided. These include putting cancer in context with other diseases, explaining absolute and relative risks, differentiating between individual and population risks, stressing the degree of uncertainty of new research and how it fits with previous data, covering the process as well as end results of science, understanding different media constraints and needs, and taking into account the diverse backgrounds and needs of the target audience-the general public. PMID:10854473

Russell, C

1999-01-01

104

Preventing Concussions: MedlinePlus Health News Video  

MedlinePLUS

... HealthDay October 28, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Concussion Sports Safety Teen Health Transcript Your child insists on playing high school football, so you go out and buy the best safety gear on the market. The ads claim there's science behind the products, so you buy. Now, a ...

105

Unlicensed Boarding House Managers' Experiences and Perceptions of Need in Residents with Mental Health and Substance Use Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Unlicensed boarding houses provide low cost accommodation for many people who have mental health and/or alcohol or other drug problems. The present study explored the needs and experiences of owners and managers of unlicensed boarding houses who have residents with MH and AOD problems. Twenty-three boarding house managers (BHMs) from Illawarra…

Deane, Frank P.; Tweedie, Rosemarie; van der Weyden, Chantelle; Cowlin, Feona

2012-01-01

106

78 FR 9890 - DoD Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries; Notice of Federal Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DoD Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries; Notice of...DoD Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries will take place...valuation of benefits under DoD retiree health care programs for...

2013-02-12

107

The impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland's grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services  

PubMed Central

Aim: To ascertain the impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland’s grading model on referrals to ophthalmology services. Methods: An analysis was performed of the screening outcomes of 5575 consecutive patients, who were screened by the Grampian Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Programme between March and September 2003 according to the recommendations of the Health Technology Board and the Scottish Diabetic Retinopathy Grading Scheme 2003. Results: 3066 (55%) were male. The median age was 65 years. 5.4% were passed on to the level 3 grader and 3.4% were finally referred to ophthalmology services. 2.3% required re-screening in 6 months; 85% were screened without mydriasis; 11.9% had ungradeable images despite a staged mydriasis protocol. Time to complete grading was 32 days (22–45). Conclusion: The impact of the Health Technology Board for Scotland’s recommendations on referrals to ophthalmology services is modest and should be containable within existing resources.

Philip, S; Cowie, L M; Olson, J A

2005-01-01

108

Delivering difficult news. Views of mental health staff in inpatient settings.  

PubMed

In this study, we surveyed clinical staff to ascertain their views regarding the delivery of difficult news (DDN), such as the need for lifelong medication with possible side effects, in inpatient mental health settings. Nearly all staff agreed patients had a right to information about their diagnosis, two thirds thought the doctor was the best person to inform patients of their diagnosis, and approximately half believed full diagnosis and treatment disclosure may have negative consequences. Providing hope when delivering difficult news was endorsed by almost all staff, and most took special precautions (e.g., greater monitoring) after DDN. Two thirds had never received specific training for DDN, yet most considered themselves competent in DDN. In DDN, staff usually or always considered patients' level of insight/awareness, likely distress, diagnosis, and whether they would understand the consequences of the diagnosis. PMID:20506973

Cleary, Michelle; Hunt, Glenn E; Walter, Garry

2010-06-01

109

Access Excellence @ The National Health Museum: The Site for Health and Bioscience Teachers and Learners  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains bioscience classroom activities; teaching and learning strategies; health and bioscience news; a biotech section; a student resource section with science and math links and a visual library with graphics of life processes; the e-journal Biology Education Online; discussion boards; and health news, resources and activities.

2004-02-03

110

Behavioral Consequences of Conflict-Oriented Health News Coverage: The 2009 Mammography Guideline Controversy and Online Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on channel complementarity theory and media-system dependency theory, this study explores the impact of conflict-oriented news coverage of health issues on information seeking online. Using Google search data as a measure of behavior, we demonstrate that controversial news coverage of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's November 2009 recommendations for changes in breast cancer screening guidelines strongly predicted the

Laura M. Friedenberg; Brian G. Southwell; Jonathan S. Slater

2012-01-01

111

Behavioral Consequences of Conflict-Oriented Health News Coverage: The 2009 Mammography Guideline Controversy and Online Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on channel complementarity theory and media-system dependency theory, this study explores the impact of conflict-oriented news coverage of health issues on information seeking online. Using Google search data as a measure of behavior, we demonstrate that controversial news coverage of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's November 2009 recommendations for changes in breast cancer screening guidelines strongly predicted the

Laura M. Friedenberg; Brian G. Southwell; Jonathan S. Slater

2011-01-01

112

The Polarizing Effect of News Media Messages About the Social Determinants of Health  

PubMed Central

Framing health problems in terms of the social determinants of health aims to shift policy attention to nonmedical strategies to improve population health, yet little is known about how the public responds to these messages. We conducted an experiment to test the effect of a news article describing the social determinants of type 2 diabetes on the public's support for diabetes prevention strategies. We found that exposure to the social determinants message led to a divergence between Republicans' and Democrats' opinions, relative to their opinions after viewing an article with no message about the causes of diabetes. These results signify that increasing public awareness of the social determinants of health may not uniformly increase public support for policy action.

Lantz, Paula M.; Ubel, Peter A.

2009-01-01

113

Environmental and health assessment for California printed circuit board manufacturing: Providing guidance for pollution prevention opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of several established quantitative environmental and health assessment frameworks for guiding pollution prevention as applied to Californiapsilas printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing industry (Standard Industry Classification (SIC) code 3672). Aggregate industrial waste stream compositions are compiled through the support of the United States Environmental Protection Agencypsilas Toxic Release Inventory (TRI),

Carl W. Lam; Xiaoying Zhou; Pauline Batarseh; Thomas Green; Kim Wilhelm; Julie M. Schoenung

2008-01-01

114

An Extension of the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) in Television Health News: The Influence of Health Consciousness on Individual Message Processing and Acceptance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of health consciousness in processing TV news that contains potential health threats and preventive recommendations. Based on the extended parallel process model (Witte, 1992), relationships among health consciousness, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived response efficacy, perceived self-efficacy, and message acceptance\\/rejection were hypothesized. Responses collected from 175 participants after viewing four

Hyehyun Hong

2011-01-01

115

Views of the chairs of Scottish health boards on engagement with quality management and comparisons with English trusts.  

PubMed

Objective: To describe the views of the chairs of Scottish health boards on the engagement of their boards with healthcare quality and to compare them with the views of the chairs of boards of English acute trusts. The focus of the Scottish Health Boards is on providing and commissioning care, while in England the acute trusts only provide care. Methods: We mailed a questionnaire, based on one used in England, to the 14 health board chairs in NHS Scotland in January 2011. The results were compared with the results of a similar questionnaire given to English acute trust chairs in 2009. Results: Most chairs in Scotland (67%) prioritised oversight of quality. Quality is considered at most Board meetings (92%), taking over 20% of time for 69% of chairs. Most boards have local quality targets and feedback quality data to staff. Compared with England, boards in Scotland meet less frequently and focus less on quality (shorter discussions, less frequent data review, fewer local targets) but they are more optimistic about their board's performance. Conclusions: Although most chairs of Scottish boards view quality as a priority, they pay less attention to it than chairs in England, possibly due to their additional role in commissioning care. PMID:24087799

Bream, E; Jha, A K; Epstein, A M; Black, N

2013-09-01

116

The Conceptual and Practical Ethical Dilemmas of Using Health Discussion Board Posts as Research Data  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing numbers of people living with a long-term health condition are putting personal health information online, including on discussion boards. Many discussion boards contain material of potential use to researchers; however, it is unclear how this information can and should be used by researchers. To date there has been no evaluation of the views of those individuals sharing health information online regarding the use of their shared information for research purposes. Objective To explore the views of contributors to online diabetes discussion boards with regards to if (and how) they feel their contributions to boards should be used by health researchers. Methods A qualitative approach was employed using online semistructured asynchronous (email) interviews. Interpretative description methodology was used to assess the interview transcripts, and quotations were extracted and anonymized to support each theme. Results 26 interviews were carried out. Participants agreed that forum posts are in the public domain and that aggregated information could be freely used by researchers. This was agreed to be a good way of ensuring that the view of people living with diabetes is being heard in research. There was no consensus on the need for permission to use individual information, such as quotations, with some people happy for this to be freely used and others feeling that permission is necessary. Conclusions Participants acknowledged the dichotomy of having placed information into the public domain in an unrestricted way, with some interviewees also wanting to retain control of its use. The Internet is a new research location, and rather than trying to apply traditional ethical norms to this new genre, a new modus operandi is required. The authors propose introducing new norms for presenting research carried out with online discussion boards.

Hind, Martin; Thomas, Bronwen; Hewitt-Taylor, Jaqui

2013-01-01

117

Health Promotion Board-Ministry of Health clinical practice guidelines: functional screening for older adults in the community.  

PubMed

The Health Promotion Board (HPB) and the Ministry of Health (MOH) publish clinical practice guidelines to provide doctors and patients in Singapore with evidence-based guidance on managing important medical conditions. This article reproduces the introduction and executive summary (with recommendations from the guidelines) from the HPB-MOH clinical practice guidelines on Functional Screening for Older Adults in the Community, for the information of readers of the Singapore Medical Journal. Chapters and page numbers mentioned in the reproduced extract refer to the full text of the guidelines, which are available from the Health Promotion Board website (http://www.hpb.gov.sg/uploadedFiles/HPB_Online/Publications/CPGFunctionalscreening.pdf). The recommendations should be used with reference to the full text of the guidelines. Following this article are multiple choice questions based on the full text of the guidelines. PMID:20658114

Thilagaratnam, S; Ding, Y Y; Au Eong, K G; Chiam, P C; Chow, Y L; Khoo, G; Lim, H B; Lim, H Y L; Lim, W S; Lim, W Y; Peh, K C; Phua, K T; Sitoh, Y Y; Tan, B Y; Wong, S F; Wong, W P; Yee, R

2010-06-01

118

Behavioral consequences of conflict-oriented health news coverage: the 2009 mammography guideline controversy and online information seeking.  

PubMed

Building on channel complementarity theory and media-system dependency theory, this study explores the impact of conflict-oriented news coverage of health issues on information seeking online. Using Google search data as a measure of behavior, we demonstrate that controversial news coverage of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's November 2009 recommendations for changes in breast cancer screening guidelines strongly predicted the volume of same-day online searches for information about mammograms. We also found that this relationship did not exist 1 year prior to the coverage, during which mammography news coverage did not focus on the guideline controversy, suggesting that the controversy frame may have driven search behavior. We discuss the implications of these results for health communication scholars and practitioners. PMID:21823950

Weeks, Brian E; Friedenberg, Laura M; Southwell, Brian G; Slater, Jonathan S

2011-08-08

119

Getting governance right at board level: the Policy Governance1* approach to building better National Health Service boards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boards are ultimately accountable for what goes on in their organisations. But they are part-time instruments of corporate governance and, given the complexity of NHS organisations, cannot pos- sibly know all that is going on in their name. So how can an NHS board ensure both success and safety of the organisation? One way is to implement a robust system

Stuart Emslie; MIHM FIOSH; UK Caroline Oliver

120

An extension of the extended parallel process model (EPPM) in television health news: the influence of health consciousness on individual message processing and acceptance.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of health consciousness in processing TV news that contains potential health threats and preventive recommendations. Based on the extended parallel process model (Witte, 1992), relationships among health consciousness, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived response efficacy, perceived self-efficacy, and message acceptance/rejection were hypothesized. Responses collected from 175 participants after viewing four TV health news stories were analyzed using the bootstrapping analysis (Preacher & Hayes, 2008). Results confirmed three mediators (i.e., perceived severity, response efficacy, self-efficacy) in the influence of health consciousness on message acceptance. A negative association found between health consciousness and perceived susceptibility is discussed in relation to characteristics of health conscious individuals and optimistic bias of health risks. PMID:21416420

Hong, Hyehyun

2011-06-01

121

TherapeuticsAntibiotic prescribing by general dental practitioners in the Greater Glasgow Health Board, Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate antibiotic prescribing patterns by general dental practitioners (GDPs) in the Greater Glasgow Health Board Area, Scotland.Study design A 10% sample of prescriptions were selected at random from 35, 545 prescriptions written by GDPs over a 6-month period.Main outcome measures Absolute and relative frequencies were used to describe the different classes of antibiotics used and the variations in

K M Roy; J Bagg

2000-01-01

122

Testing the effect of framing and sourcing in health news stories.  

PubMed

This study examines whether changing the way news stories report on health can induce shifts in readers' perceptions of problems of obesity, diabetes, immigrant health, and smoking. The authors manipulated two variables in a controlled experiment: the quality of sourcing-the number of sources and their expertise-and the framing-changing from an episodic, traditional frame to a thematic frame that incorporated information on context, risk factors, prevention strategies, and social attributions of responsibility. The authors found that a thematic frame made readers more supportive of public policy changes and encouraged them to improve their own health behaviors. However, it did not alter their attributions of responsibility for health problems from one of blaming individuals to seeing the larger social factors. Adding richer sourcing to the thematic frame did not increase these effects, nor did readers find the thematic stories to be more interesting, relevant, believable, important, and informative. In addition, there were differential results because of story topics that represent uncontrolled effects. The implications for improving health reporting to encourage positive change in society are discussed. PMID:21660828

Coleman, Renita; Thorson, Esther; Wilkins, Lee

2011-06-09

123

Can even minimal news coverage influence consumer health-related behaviour? A case study of iodized salt sales, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lack of iodine in the diet can cause a spectrum of conditions, known as iodine deficiency disor- ders (IDD). While iodized salt has been retailed in Australia since the 1960s, sales have remained low, at ˜10% of total edible salt sales. Salt has never been promoted, advertised or discounted by retailers or manufacturers. Extensive news coverage of health issues has

Mu Li; Simon Chapman; Kingsley Agho; Creswell J. Eastman

2008-01-01

124

Access to enforcement and disciplinary data: information practices of state health professional regulatory boards of dentistry, medicine and nursing.  

PubMed

This article describes a study of public access to enforcement and disciplinary information provided by the websites of health professional regulatory boards. The study explored the current state of transparency by specifically examining the availability of disciplinary data on the websites of state boards of medicine, nursing and dentistry. Web sites were reviewed regarding availability of enforcement and disciplinary data on the aforementioned state boards in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The study found that there is more information about individual practitioners available from the boards than ever before. On the other hand, there has not been a comparable increase in information about the administrative practices and the work of the boards. Increased availability of this information would allow public administration and policy researchers to develop performance indicators of state boards and assist in improving policy decisions and allocation of resources. PMID:21485614

Strong, Denise E

2011-01-01

125

Narrative Health Communication and Behavior Change: The Influence of Exemplars in the News on Intention to Quit Smoking  

PubMed Central

This study investigated psychological mechanisms underlying the effect of narrative health communication on behavioral intention. Specifically, the study examined how exemplification in news about successful smoking cessation affects recipients’ narrative engagement, thereby changing their intention to quit smoking. Nationally representative samples of U.S. adult smokers participated in 2 experiments. The results from the 2 experiments consistently showed that smokers reading a news article with an exemplar experienced greater narrative engagement compared to those reading an article without an exemplar. Those who reported more engagement were in turn more likely to report greater smoking cessation intentions.

Kim, Hyun Suk; Bigman, Cabral A.; Leader, Amy E.; Lerman, Caryn; Cappella, Joseph N.

2012-01-01

126

75 FR 60762 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (NCEH/ATSDR) In accordance with section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory...

2010-10-01

127

Epidemics in the news: Health and hygiene in the press in periods of crisis.  

PubMed

How did scientific knowledge reach the public? Using the press and keeping in mind the population's limited access to written material, this paper establishes how the latest scientific news was divulged to unspecialised audiences. In times of sanitary crisis in Oporto, such as the cholera morbus epidemic of 1854-1856, the bubonic plague in 1899 and the 1918 influenza pandemic, newspapers were important sources to access the information and advice given to the public. A database of 6700 articles, medical reports and advertisements published in daily newspapers reveals the state of the art of medical science. It also reveals the importance given by health authorities and journalists to the publication of recent discoveries and adequate hygiene procedures to prevent the spread of the epidemics. This is a subject that contributes to the debates on the dissemination of science and on the place that Portugal occupied in the international scientific community. PMID:23825282

de Almeida, Maria Antónia Pires

2013-02-12

128

Infinitesimal risk as public health crisis: news media coverage of a doctor-patient HIV contact tracing investigation.  

PubMed

Among the most prominent health or medical stories covered in 1994 by the Australian news media was that concerning an HIV positive hospital obstetrician and the attempt by the New South Wales Health Department to trace and test 149 women on whom he had operated. All press and television coverage of the issue was reviewed. The surface news narrative of the search for missing, "innocent" mothers potentially infected with a deadly and infectious illness is shown to serve as a "hard news" pretext enabling a wider major discourse to operate about a health system accused as being captive to gay and civil libertarian politics, allowing "guilty" doctors at high risk of HIV to endanger "innocent" patients. Expert consensus held that the women were at "infinitesimal risk" of acquiring HIV. However, media accounts of the investigation all but belied this, illustrating that the news media's framing of risk has more to do with its reproduction of moral outrage components than with "scientific" notions of calculable risk. PMID:8961412

Brown, J; Chapman, S; Lupton, D

1996-12-01

129

Applying the Health Belief Model to Examine News Coverage Regarding Steroids in Sports by ABC, CBS, and NBC Between March 1990 and May 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigation described here examined ABC, CBS, and NBC news coverage of steroids in sports between March 1990 and May 2008. Employing a framing analysis guided by the health belief model (HBM), coverage of the barriers and benefits of using steroids is reported. Overall, the trend by these three news affiliates was to emphasize the illegality of using steroids, whereas

Brian L. Quick

2010-01-01

130

U. S. Health Researchers Review their Ethics Review Boards: A Qualitative Study.  

PubMed

VIRTUALLY ALL RESEARCH INVOLVING HUMAN subjects in the United States must be reviewed by an institutional review board, a form of research ethics review board. This article reports the results of qualitative research on how investigators regard this regulatory regime. Interviews were conducted with forty investigators conducting health-related research. Most respondents shared the regulations' goals, but doubted that the regulations, as implemented, promoted these goals efficiently, effectively and fairly. The interviews suggest that efforts to raise researchers' ethical consciousness have been, over time, quite successful, but that implementation of the regulations remains problematic. Research aimed at better defining the problem to be solved b y the r egulatory sy stem, and at a ssessing the effectiveness of the regulatory tools for solving properly defined problems, could guide a more productive debate about human subject protection. PMID:19385877

Burris, Scott; Moss, Kathryn

2006-06-01

131

News media coverage of smoking and health is associated with changes in population rates of smoking cessation but not initiation  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To determine whether changes in news media coverage of smoking and health issues are associated with changes in smoking behaviour in the USA.?DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Issue importance in the US news media is assessed by the number of articles published annually in major magazines indexed in The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature. Annual incidence rates for cessation and initiation in the USA were computed from the large, representative National Health Interview Surveys (1965-1992). Patterns in cessation incidence were considered for ages 20-34 years and 35-50 years. Initiation incidence was examined for adolescents (14-17 years) and young adults (18-21 years) of both sexes.?RESULTS—From 1950 to the early 1980s, the annual incidence of cessation in the USA mirrored the pattern of news media coverage of smoking and health, particularly for middle aged smokers. Cessation rates in younger adults increased considerably when secondhand smoke concerns started to increase in the US population. Incidence of initiation in young adults did not start to decline until the beginning of the public health campaign against smoking in the 1960s. Among adolescents, incidence rates did not start to decline until the 1970s, after the broadcast ban on cigarette advertising.?CONCLUSIONS—The level of coverage of smoking and health in the news media may play an important role in determining the rate of population smoking cessation, but not initiation. In countries where cessation has lagged, advocates should work to increase the newsworthiness of smoking and health issues.???Keywords: initiation; cessation; health; mass media

Pierce, J.; Gilpin, E.

2001-01-01

132

Medical students' attitudes towards breaking bad news: an empirical test of the World Health Organization model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature regarding breaking bad news distinguishes three disclosure models: non-disclosure, full-disclosure and individualized disclosure. In this study, we investigated the relations between attitudes regarding disclosure of bad news and global professional attitudes regarding medical care in a sample of medical students (n=88). The Attitudes towards Breaking Bad News Questionnaire was developed and factor analysed to provide a valid and

C. de Valck; J. Bensing; R. Bruynooghe

2001-01-01

133

College News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.

134

News media coverage of a women's health contraversy: how newspapers and TV outlets covered a recent debate over screening mammography.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, there have been several highly visible debates about mammography that have captured professional, public and media attention. This paper looks at newspaper and television news coverage of a controversial research letter in The Lancet by Gøtzsche and Olsen (2001) that concluded that screening mammography did not prevent deaths from breast cancer. The news pieces examined for this project were published between October 2001 and March 2002 in one of eight U.S. newspapers or aired on one of six national or cable news networks. The six-month period was divided into one-week segments; the numbers of articles published or stories aired in each week were graphed to examine patterns. Each newspaper article and television transcript was then reviewed to identify its main content area and the amount of coverage for each major event was quantified. The highest number of newspaper articles appeared to result from several events during the end of January through the beginning of February. These events included the publication of another meta-analysis of mammography that disputed the original letter's conclusion and a full-page New York Times advertisement paid for by major medical organizations stating their continued support for mammography. The greatest amount of television news coverage was devoted to the announcement of the official federal guidelines by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in late February. We conclude by discussing how the flow of news coverage of medical controversies can potentially impact the actions and reactions of the public, the medical community and health policy makers. PMID:15970577

Steele, Whitney Randolph; Mebane, Felicia; Viswanath, K; Solomon, Janice

2005-01-01

135

Structural health assessment and review program (SHARP): prototype of an on-board structural health monitoring system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computer program entitled SHARP (structural health assessment and review program) has been developed to demonstrate smart structures concepts for automated aircraft health monitoring. SHARP is an object-oriented design, combining C++ and FORTRAN routines developed and implemented on a Motorola 68030 platform. SHARP combines unique analytic flaw generation algorithms with more traditional durability and damage tolerance routines to process data from a variety of sensors (acoustic emission, strain, acceleration, etc.,) and assess the aircraft's structural integrity. This paper outlines the basic system architecture, program assumptions and constraints. The analytic methods used to monitor aircraft structural integrity are then discussed in the context of current military aircraft structural integrity programs (ASIP). Finally, the potential payoffs of an on-board structural health monitoring system (SHMS) are investigated.

Gentry, Jeffery D.; Van Way, Craig B.; Marantidis, Constantinos; Kudva, Jayanth N.

1993-09-01

136

The prevalence of hospital health promotion and disease prevention services: good news, bad news, and policy implications.  

PubMed

In recent years, American health care has shifted toward an emphasis on population health in communities. National data from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey of Hospitals are used to describe the prevalence of 26 services provided by general hospitals that could contribute to health promotion and disease prevention (HPDP). Cross-sectional descriptive analyses, based on national data sources, linked HPDP services to hospital characteristics, and factor analysis identified significant categories of HPDP activities. The results showed that many specific HPDP services are offered by thousands of hospitals, but prevalence, distribution, and availability of the services are uneven across the size and ownership of hospitals and their communities. Policy initiatives could increase the prevalence of hospitals' health promotion and disease prevention services, thereby improving the health status of their communities. PMID:10834083

Olden, P C; Clement, D G

2000-01-01

137

The Kurt Cobain suicide crisis: perspectives from research, public health, and the news media.  

PubMed

The suicide of rock star Kurt Cobain in 1994 raised immediate concerns among suicidologists and the public at large about the potential for his death to spark copycat suicides, especially among vulnerable youth. The Seattle community, where Cobain lived and died, was especially affected by his sudden death. An overview of Cobain's life and death is presented and various crisis center and community-based interventions that occurred are discussed. Preliminary data collected from the Seattle Medical Examiner's Office and from the Seattle Crisis Center to assess the potential impact of Cobain's death on completed suicides and the incidence of suicide crisis calls are presented. The data obtained from the Seattle King County area suggest that the expected "Werther effect" apparently did not occur, but there was a significant increase in suicide crisis calls following his death. It is hypothesized that the lack of an apparent copycat effect in Seattle may be due to various aspects of the media coverage, the method used in Cobain's suicide, and the crisis center and community outreach interventions that occurred. The Cobain suicide and the role of media influence on copycat suicides are further discussed in commentaries from public health and news media perspectives. PMID:8897665

Jobes, D A; Berman, A L; O'Carroll, P W; Eastgard, S; Knickmeyer, S

1996-01-01

138

Bending the health cost curve: the promise and peril of the Independent Payment Advisory Board.  

PubMed

Underlying today's and the future's health-care reform debate is a consensus that America's health-care financing system is in a slow-moving but deep crisis: care appears substandard in comparison with other advanced industrial countries, and relative costs are exploding beyond all reasonable measures. The Obama Administration's Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) attempts to grapple with both of these problems. One of ACA's key instrumentalities is the Independent Payment Advisory Board-the IPAB, designed to discover and authorize ways to reduce the rate of growth of Medicare and other categories of health spending. The IPAB is a peril. Expert boards to perform regulatory tasks in the interest of efficiency and social goals always run a high risk of being captured by the industry they are supposed to regulate. Even should it succeed at its task of reducing the rate of growth of Medicare spending, who is to say that the reductions will not come at a heavy cost in reduced quantity and effectiveness of medical care? But the IPAB also has promise. The need for a better process than our current specialist-driven one to assign value to the medical services provided by Medicare is great. The bellwether status of Medicare payment systems means that commercial insurance consumers and payors would also benefit mightily from bringing more coherent, technocratic, and cost-effectiveness oriented logic to this process. And the current system of relative Medicare reimbursement rates is, in the judgment of many, currently well out of whack. We quail when we consider the magnitude of the tasks the IPAB faces--even its initial task. Nevertheless, we remain optimistic that this administrative agency will manage to bend the long-run healthcare cost curve and moderate future price increases. PMID:22616543

Marciarille, Ann Marie; DeLong, J Bradford

2012-01-01

139

A Twenty-Two-Year-Old Community Advisory Board: Health Research as an Opportunity for Social Change  

PubMed Central

Conducting health research often requires a partnership between marginalized communities and researchers. Community organizers can broker this partnership in a way that not only produces important scientific discoveries but also brings needed resources to the communities. This article is a description of a community advisory board established in 1984 to advise researchers on a longitudinal study of the natural history of AIDS among gay men. The Board successfully guided the recruitment of more than 3,000 gay and bisexual male volunteers and, at the same time worked as a powerful change agent. An analysis of minutes from all Board meetings between 1984-2006 indicates that significant social change as well as important research findings resulted from Board actions. Community organizers who work to create a mutually beneficial partnership between communities and researchers may find new opportunities to support community growth and social justice.

Silvestre, Anthony J.; Quinn, Sandra J.; Rinaldo, Charles R.

2010-01-01

140

Web chatter before and after the Women's Health Initiative results: a content analysis of on-line menopause message boards.  

PubMed

A content analysis was conducted on two on-line menopause message boards over 18 months, before and after the announcement of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study results on hormone therapy risks. Messages (N = 785) were coded based on overall context themes and specific content (N = 1132 codes). Results showed that "seeking symptom advice" about physical symptoms represented half (49%) of all codes. More specific content codes reflected inquiries about taking prescription hormone therapies, (HTs) how to cope with the menopausal transition, checking in with community members, and questions related to menopause onset and changes in menstrual patterns. Chi-square tests showed an increase in pharmaceutical advice codings over time on the medical board (p = .057) and a trend on the community board after the WHI (p = .10). Similarly, after the WHI there was an increase in the frequency of codes on the community board related to "Is this menopause?" suggesting a heightened awareness about menopause as a health issue. In conclusion, analyses of on-line message boards provide a rich, economical method to discern the needs of menopausal women, as well as to observe the potential impact of a widely publicized medical event that can inform innovative strategies in health promotion for this target population. PMID:16537284

Cousineau, Tara M; Rancourt, Diana; Green, Traci Craig

2006-03-01

141

Conservative News Service (CNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell III.

1998-01-01

142

77 FR 62240 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or Advisory Board), National Institute for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health (NIOSH) In accordance with...Conferencing. The USA toll- free, dial-in number is 1-866-659-0537...methods of dose reconstruction, which have also...estimation and reconstruction efforts being performed...Cohort (SEC). In December...

2012-10-12

143

Ways in Which the Science Advisory Board (SAB) and the Health Effects Institute (HEI) Can Work Together.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Science Advisory Board Executive Committee met with The Health Effects Institute (HEI) at its July 10-11, 1986 meeting to discuss several issues of mutual interest. Following the discussions a consensus was reached on the following; (1) The Committee ...

1986-01-01

144

Rightsizing the Workforce of Psychologists in Health Care: Trends From Licensing Boards, Training Programs, and Managed Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychology workforce continues to expand despite changes within health care, such as managed care, that appear to reduce the demand for psychologists’ services. Data from doctoral training and internship training are reviewed. Estimates of the psychology workforce are provided, including the authors’ survey of psychology boards for 1995, which estimated there were 89,514 licensed psychologists in the United States.

William N. Robiner; Donovan P. Crew

2000-01-01

145

Strategies for Board Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rationale and principles for public participation in consumer boards are discussed in a presentation for the 1975 National Association of Neighborhood Health Centers Annual Convention. Boards serve as a manifestation of democratic principles and a mea...

D. K. Davis

1975-01-01

146

The Imperatives of Narrative: Health Interest Groups and Morality in Network News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the story conventions of network television news to explain the ways in which healthcare interest groups develop and maintain their presence in this medium—a process that has significant implications for public understanding of healthcare issues, and therefore to bioethics. The article is divided into three sections. The first section focuses on three major normative conventions

Joshua A. Braun

2007-01-01

147

Physician and Practice Characteristics Influencing Tumor Board Attendance: Results From the Provider Survey of the Los Angeles Women's Health Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Coordination of care has grown in importance with the advent of new modalities of treatment that require specialized expertise. In cancer care, multidisciplinary approaches have shown improvements in quality of care. Tumor boards may provide a mechanism for improving coordination of care. We evaluated physician and practice characteristics that predict frequency of tumor board attendance. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study used data obtained by surveying physicians of a population-based sample of women with incident breast cancer. Physicians were queried regarding tumor board attendance, specialty [medical oncologist (MO), radiation oncologist (RO), surgeon at a hospital with American College of Surgeons accreditation (ACOSSg) and surgeon without such affiliation (non-ACOSSg)], physician characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, teaching involvement, patient volume, ownership interest) and practice setting (type, size, reimbursement method). Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed for the dependent variable characterizing provider report of frequency of tumor board attendance. Results: Most surveyed physicians (83%) report attending tumor board weekly (58%) or monthly (25%). Specialty and higher patient volumes are significant predictors of more frequent attendance. Compared with the most prevalent specialty category (low-volume ACOSSgs), high-volume MOs attend more frequently (P = .01) and low volume non-ACOSSgs attend less frequently (P = .00). Conclusions: Tumor board provides a structure for engaging providers in discussion of cancer cases that is designed to enhance quality of care. Tumor board agendas and formalized institution-wide policies could be designed to engage low-frequency attendees as a means to improve quality measures, promote multidisciplinary care, and potentially improve health outcomes.

Scher, Kevin S.; Tisnado, Diana M.; Rose, Danielle E.; Adams, John Lloyd; Ko, Clifford Y.; Malin, Jennifer L.; Ganz, Patricia A.; Kahn, Katherine L.

2011-01-01

148

The imperatives of narrative: health interest groups and morality in network news.  

PubMed

This article examines some of the story conventions of network television news to explain the ways in which healthcare interest groups develop and maintain their presence in this medium - a process that has significant implications for public understanding of healthcare issues, and therefore to bioethics. The article is divided into three sections. The first section focuses on three major normative conventions of television news: adherence to a simple narrative structure, the balance ethic, and avoidance of the "think-piece" and outlines the basic strategies available to interest groups for exploiting these normative conventions. Section two introduces three case studies of organizations and individuals who have run high-profile media campaigns. Section three explores the implications for bioethics of the observations made in this article. PMID:17710691

Braun, Joshua A

2007-08-01

149

From the wall to the web: The use of bulletin boards and a web site to disseminate information about sex, gender and women's health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategically placed bulletin boards were used to disseminate information about sex and gender biology and women's health competencies to medical students and faculty. This has proved to be an effective tool to rapidly introduce material when the curriculum cannot accommodate this new material. With the popularity of the internet, these bulletin boards were transferred to our website and became accessible

Sandra P. Levison; Lucia Beck Weiss

2002-01-01

150

77 FR 12577 - Department of Defense (DoD) Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries; Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the following Federal advisory committee meeting of the DoD Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries will take...

2012-03-01

151

Racism Takes a Toll on Kids' Mental Health, Research Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... 22, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health SUNDAY, Sept. 22 (HealthDay News) -- ... reserved. More Health News on: Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health Recent Health News Page last ...

152

Geology in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this activity students read the newspaper on a daily basis, listen to news on the radio, or watch television, to acquire material related to the earth sciences. They will look for natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, hurricanes, etc.), human-made hazards (urbanization, compromised engineering projects, etc.), environmental issues, or resource extraction issues which all appear in the news with great frequency and are easily accessible. Students are reminded that they should look for information on the local level (water quality, solid waste management, development issues, etc.), as well as national and world wide issues. The news items may then be presented to the class as show-and-tell exercises with follow-up discussion by the class; a bulletin board that could be dedicated to posting the geologic events of the week; or scrapbooks of events, arranged either chronologically or by category of events compiled by individuals or classes.

Mogk, David

153

Cancer News Coverage and Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news

Jeff Niederdeppe; Dominick L. Frosch; Robert C. Hornik

2008-01-01

154

InterNIC News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication, is now available on the Web. The current issue features an interview with the new Executive Director of the Internet Society, Tony Rutkowski, as well as a full-length article about the new NSFNET architecture, with a topology map; a Regional NIC Report from NorthWestNet about health care providers and the Internet; a news brief on current and pending National Information Infrastructure (NII) legislation, with a table of current legislation and status; and regular features of the _NSF Network News_ such as the InterNIC Event Calendar and updates from InterNIC partners.

1996-01-01

155

75 FR 60089 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Health Board (DHB) Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Military Medical Center, Joint Pathology Center, the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, the Department of Defense H5N1 Influenza Report, and Department of Defense Response to Evidence-Based Metrics Recommendations. The Board will vote on...

2010-09-29

156

Examining the quality of health economic analyses submitted to the Pharmaceutical Benefits Board in Sweden. The first year.  

PubMed

This study assessed the quality of health economic documentation submitted to the Pharmaceutical Benefits Board (PBB) in Sweden. Two different instruments were used in the evaluation: the PBB checklist, which was constructed by the authors from the PBB guidelines for health economic evaluations, and the QHES, a validated quality assessment instrument. Some areas that seem especially problematic, or where the quality was particularly low are identified and discussed. Also, we present the cost per quality-adjusted life-year that the companies have presented and how this related to the PBBs decisions. PMID:15452738

Ramsberg, Joakim; Odeberg, Stefan; Engström, Andreas; Lundin, Douglas

2004-12-01

157

Environment News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environment News Service is a daily international wire service covering issues and events that affect the environment. Topics include legislation, politics, conferences, lawsuits, international agreements, demonstrations, science and technology, public health, air quality, and many others. Site materials include text-based news articles and press releases, videos, information on professional media services, and subscription instructions. There is also a keyword search function that lets users locate material in older articles.

158

News Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

People worldwide rely on the news media to report current events accurately and without bias. TV and radio have been available for decades to report the news, but the Internet is rapidly becoming a major source for instantaneous news. During and following the events of September 11, users with access to the Internet watched the terrorist attacks of September unfold

M. Sandra Wood

2001-01-01

159

Confirmatory News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how competition in the media affects the quality of news. In our model, demand for news depends on the market perception of the media's ability to receive correct information: it is positive if and only if news is potentially useful for the voting decision. When the media receives information which contradics commonly shared priors, it either reports

Elena Panova

2009-01-01

160

Telling stories: News media, health literacy and public policy in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mass media are very influential in shaping discourses about health but few studies have examined the extent to which newspaper coverage of such stories reflect issues embedded in health policy documents. We estimate the relative distribution of health stories using content analysis. Nine meta-topics are used to sort stories across a range of major influences shaping the health status of

Michael Hayes; Ian E. Ross; Mike Gasher; Donald Gutstein; James R. Dunn; Robert A. Hackett

2007-01-01

161

Applying the health belief model to examine news coverage regarding steroids in sports by ABC, CBS, and NBC between March 1990 and May 2008.  

PubMed

The investigation described here examined ABC, CBS, and NBC news coverage of steroids in sports between March 1990 and May 2008. Employing a framing analysis guided by the health belief model (HBM), coverage of the barriers and benefits of using steroids is reported. Overall, the trend by these three news affiliates was to emphasize the illegality of using steroids, whereas considerably less coverage was devoted to the health costs, in terms of both severity and susceptibility, of using steroids. Furthermore, of the health costs reported, the specific consequences of steroid use varied considerably. The results are reported across four timeframes: 1990-2008, 1990-1996, 1997-2002, and 2003-2008. PMID:20461610

Quick, Brian L

2010-04-01

162

Social Media in Health Research: An Example from Childcare Provider Message Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social media sites, such as message boards and blogs, provide innovative data sources for researchers as these sites feature people sharing advice and discussing issues in a public arena. Research has found the online context can encourage people to reveal more information than do such traditional methods as interviews or focus groups. However,…

Lynch, Meghan

2011-01-01

163

E-Message Boards for Those Who Self-Injure: Implications for E-Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtual communities for those who self-injure (SI) are increasingly popular and involve Internet communication technologies including e-message boards. The social and emotional support of an accepting virtual community may facilitate individual recovery from SI. Via self-report data, this study describes individuals who participate in virtual…

Johnson, Genevieve Marie; Zastawny, Sylvia; Kulpa, Anastasia

2010-01-01

164

E-Message Boards for Those Who Self-Injure: Implications for E-Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virtual communities for those who self-injure (SI) are increasingly popular and involve Internet communication technologies including e-message boards. The social and emotional support of an accepting virtual community may facilitate individual recovery from SI. Via self-report data, this study describes individuals who participate in virtual…

Johnson, Genevieve Marie; Zastawny, Sylvia; Kulpa, Anastasia

2010-01-01

165

Social Media in Health Research: An Example from Childcare Provider Message Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social media sites, such as message boards and blogs, provide innovative data sources for researchers as these sites feature people sharing advice and discussing issues in a public arena. Research has found the online context can encourage people to reveal more information than do such traditional methods as interviews or focus groups. However,…

Lynch, Meghan

2011-01-01

166

Oceans and Human Health (OHH): a European perspective from the Marine Board of the European Science Foundation (Marine Board-ESF).  

PubMed

The oceans and coastal seas provide mankind with many benefits including food for around a third of the global population, the air that we breathe and our climate system which enables habitation of much of the planet. However, the converse is that generation of natural events (such as hurricanes, severe storms and tsunamis) can have devastating impacts on coastal populations, while pollution of the seas by pathogens and toxic waste can cause illness and death in humans and animals. Harmful effects from biogenic toxins produced by algal blooms (HABs) and from the pathogens associated with microbial pollution are also a health hazard in seafood and from direct contact with water. The overall global burden of human disease caused by sewage pollution of coastal waters has been estimated at 4 million lost person-years annually. Finally, the impacts of all of these issues will be exacerbated by climate change. A holistic systems approach is needed. It must consider whole ecosystems, and their sustainability, such as integrated coastal zone management, is necessary to address the highly interconnected scientific challenges of increased human population pressure, pollution and over-exploitation of food (and other) resources as drivers of adverse ecological, social and economic impacts. There is also an urgent and critical requirement for effective and integrated public health solutions to be developed through the formulation of politically and environmentally meaningful policies. The research community required to address "Oceans & Human Health" in Europe is currently very fragmented, and recognition by policy makers of some of the problems, outlined in the list of challenges above, is limited. Nevertheless, relevant key policy issues for governments worldwide include the reduction of the burden of disease (including the early detection of emerging pathogens and other threats) and improving the quality of the global environment. Failure to effectively address these issues will impact adversely on efforts to alleviate poverty, sustain the availability of environmental goods and services and improve health and social and economic stability; and thus, will impinge on many policy decisions, both nationally and internationally. Knowledge exchange (KE) will be a key element of any ensuing research. KE will facilitate the integration of biological, medical, epidemiological, social and economic disciplines, as well as the emergence of synergies between seemingly unconnected areas of science and socio-economic issues, and will help to leverage knowledge transfer across the European Union (EU) and beyond. An integrated interdisciplinary systems approach is an effective way to bring together the appropriate groups of scientists, social scientists, economists, industry and other stakeholders with the policy formulators in order to address the complexities of interfacial problems in the area of environment and human health. The Marine Board of the European Science Foundation Working Group on "Oceans and Human Health" has been charged with developing a position paper on this topic with a view to identifying the scientific, social and economic challenges and making recommendations to the EU on policy-relevant research and development activities in this arena. This paper includes the background to health-related issues linked to the coastal environment and highlights the main arguments for an ecosystem-based whole systems approach. PMID:23503989

Moore, Michael N; Depledge, Michael H; Fleming, Lora; Hess, Philipp; Lees, David; Leonard, Paul; Madsen, Lise; Owen, Richard; Pirlet, Hans; Seys, Jan; Vasconcelos, Vitor; Viarengo, Aldo

2013-03-16

167

SARS Wars: An Examination of the Quantity and Construction of Health Information in the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media have the power to sway public perception of health issues by choosing what to publish and the context in which to present information. The media may influence an individual's tendency to overestimate the risk of some health issues while underestimating the risk of others, ultimately influencing health choices. Although some research has been conducted to examine the number

Tanya R. Berry; Joan Wharf-Higgins; P. J. Naylor

2007-01-01

168

76 FR 77235 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Centers...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response,...

2011-12-12

169

78 FR 56235 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response...and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR...Black, Office of Science and Public Health Practice, Executive...

2013-09-12

170

78 FR 15369 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC, OPHPR)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (BSC...and the Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR...deliberation on the following topics: Public Health Preparedness and Response...

2013-03-11

171

74 FR 27805 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP) In accordance...Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Matters To Be Discussed...Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. The BSC will also...

2009-06-11

172

73 FR 78801 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP) In accordance...Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Matters To Be Discussed...Officer, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, CDC, 4770 Buford...

2008-12-23

173

77 FR 37678 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Notice...Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Department...Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry,...

2012-06-22

174

75 FR 30842 - Statutorily Mandated Single Source Award Program Name: National Indian Health Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regarding the potential impact of Health Care Reform legislation. Educational materials...concerns of Tribes as related to health care/insurance reform efforts, IHCIA passage and other health delivery priorities....

2010-06-02

175

News Media Coverage of a Women's Health Controversy: How Newspapers and TV Outlets Covered a Recent Debate Over Screening Mammography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, there have been several highly visible debates about mammography that have captured professional, public, and media attention. This paper looks at newspaper and television news coverage of a controversial research letter in The Lancet by Gøtzsche and Olsen (2001) that concluded that screening mammography did not prevent deaths from breast cancer. The news pieces examined for

Whitney Randolph Steele; Felicia Mebane; K. Viswanath; Janice Solomon

2005-01-01

176

Telling stories: news media, health literacy and public policy in Canada.  

PubMed

Mass media are very influential in shaping discourses about health but few studies have examined the extent to which newspaper coverage of such stories reflect issues embedded in health policy documents. We estimate the relative distribution of health stories using content analysis. Nine meta-topics are used to sort stories across a range of major influences shaping the health status of populations adapted from the document Toward a Healthy Future (Second Report on the Health of Canadians (1999)) (TAHF). A total of 4732 stories were analyzed from 13 Canadian daily newspapers (10 English, 3 French language) using a constructed week per quarter method. Stories were sampled from each chosen newspaper for the years 1993, 1995, 1997 and 2001. 72% (n=3405) of stories in this analysis were from English-language papers, 28% (n=1327) were from French-language papers. Topics related to health care (dealing either with issues of service provision and delivery or management and regulation) dominated newspaper stories, accounting for 65% of all stories. Physical environment topics accounted for about 13% of all stories, the socio-economic environment about 6% of stories, personal health practices about 5% of stories, and scientific advances in health research about 4% of stories. Other influences upon health identified in TAHF were rarely mentioned. The overall prominence of topics in newspapers is not consistent with the relative importance assigned to health influences in TAHF. Canadian newspapers rarely report on socio-economic influences frequently cited in the research literature (and reflected in TAHF) as being most influential in shaping population health outcomes. PMID:17337317

Hayes, Michael; Ross, Ian E; Gasher, Mike; Gutstein, Donald; Dunn, James R; Hackett, Robert A

2007-03-02

177

Television news magazines' use of the public health model for reporting violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

A B S T R A C T Surveys of mass media content related to social violence suggest that it generally focuses on the individual, atomistic 'act' (e.g. the bang-bang car chase) rather than issues of cause and prevention. Yet, increasingly - but with controversy - doctors, health officials and activists have pushed for a 'public health' model of reporting

Renita Coleman; David D. Perlmutter

178

75 FR 6402 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Marketing (BSC, NCHM)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...structure of the new Office of Communications; discussions on program activities...advice on the future course for health communications and marketing at CDC; and a...ideas to implement and expand health marketing science at CDC....

2010-02-09

179

Understanding Bureaucracy in Health Science Ethics: Toward a Better Institutional Review Board  

PubMed Central

Research involving human participants continues to grow dramatically, fueled by advances in medical technology, globalization of research, and financial and professional incentives. This creates increasing opportunities for ethical errors with devastating effects. The typical professional and policy response to calamities involving human participants in research is to layer on more ethical guidelines or strictures. We used a recent case—the Johns Hopkins University/Kennedy Kreiger Institute Lead Paint Study—to examine lessons learned since the Tuskegee Syphilis Study about the role of institutionalized science ethics in the protection of human participants in research. We address the role of the institutional review board as the focal point for policy attention.

Bozeman, Barry; Hirsch, Paul

2009-01-01

180

News Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of recursive relations called NEWS (for New-Product Early Warning System) is here presented in its own right as a separable part of the DEMON System for marketing new products. NEWS is designed to distinguish the variables and relations that are usu...

A. Charnes W. W. Cooper J. K. Devoe D. B. Learner L. Light

1968-01-01

181

RFID News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For additional updates on the development of RFID technology, RFID News maintains current news about emerging standards (including the controversial ISO 11784/85 standard), innovative applications, and general issues. Some topics covered include pet identification devices, intellectual property, and court cases involving RFID.

2008-05-13

182

Transponder News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transponder News offers several articles that explore the technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) in greater detail. Topics include choosing the frequency, types of RFID systems, suppliers, trends, and technical reports. Visitors will also find links to interviews, standards, and registration for Transponder News' newsletter of site updates.

Marsh, Mike

1969-12-31

183

News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media provides a public forum that educates and informs the government and the governed. The tension between news as a business commodity and public good affects newsgathering and dissemination--what the public wants to know and what they need to...

J. Benfer J. Bohr J. Chambers R. Castellvi W. Beard

2004-01-01

184

The best of two worlds: how the Greenland Board of Nutrition has handled conflicting evidence about diet and health.  

PubMed

The traditional diet in Greenland consists to a large extent of meat and organs of seal and other marine mammals, which is polluted by POPs and mercury. These substances are present in the blood of Greenlanders in concentrations well above international guidelines, and as these contaminants are suspected of having negative impacts on health, some action should be taken. On the other hand, traditional food is also an important source of health promoting micronutrients that are not provided by imported food in sufficient quantities, for example vitamin D, long chain n-3 fatty acids, and selenium, not to mention the traditional diet's function as a social glue that is perceived as important for Inuit identity in Greenland. The proportion of the total diet that comes from marine mammals is on a constant decrease, and especially children and young adults consume rather little seal and whale. The traditional food items are consequently being replaced by imported food, and among the imported food items several rather unhealthy items are popular, that is carbonated soft drinks with sugar, sweets, chips and farmed (red) meat with a high content of saturated fat. Together with a decrease in physical activity, this dietary transition has resulted in a severe epidemic of overweight and diabetes. In giving advice to the public, the Greenland Board of Nutrition was therefore faced with the challenge to retain the benefits of the traditional diet while minimizing the contaminant exposure, and at the same time to counteract the effects of poor quality imported food. The Board tried to balance the known and suspected positive and negative aspects of the total diet in relation not only to physical health but to general wellbeing, and decided on 10 simple recommendations. As the consumption of traditional food becomes less prominent and as the consumption of food rich in empty calories increases, the guidelines are continuously revised and updated. PMID:22789516

Bjerregaard, Peter; Mulvad, Gert

2012-07-10

185

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes of June 24-25, 2004  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | Events | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes June

186

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors: March 25-26, 2002 Meeting  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | Events | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes March

187

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes of June 27-28, 2005  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | Events | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes June

188

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes of March 7-8, 2005  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | Events | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes March

189

Smart Start News, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Smart Start is a comprehensive public-private initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and ready to succeed, and provides children from birth to age five access to high-quality and affordable child care, health care, and other critical services. This document comprises the first two issues of "Smart Start News," a…

Harris, Monica, Ed.

1999-01-01

190

Science News For Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online publication offers timely, interesting news stories and features, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, and web resources. The content areas include atoms and forces, earth and sky, humans and health, life, and tech and math and it is appropriate for children 9-14, their parents, and their teachers.

2007-12-12

191

Public Health Framing of News Regarding Childhood Obesity in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five U.S. newspapers were searched for stories regarding childhood obesity. Of the 201 stories appearing in 1996, 2001, or 2006, 97 incorporated a public health frame (i.e., connects problem to the larger social and environmental context; exposes risk factors; includes information regarding preventatives and correctives). Significant risk factors were identified as unhealthy eating practices, lack of physical activity, and ads

Katherine W. Hawkins; Darren L. Linvill

2010-01-01

192

Framing ObesityThe Evolution of News Discourse on a Public Health Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public debate on obesity will turn on the question of who or what is responsible for causing and curing this emerging epidemic. Previous research suggests that public health problems become amenable to broad policy solutions when those problems can be reframed in systemic terms—specifically, in terms of involuntary risk, universal risk, environmental risk, and knowingly created risk. This article

Regina G. Lawrence

2004-01-01

193

SpatialNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applications of geographic information systems (GIS) grow with each passing day, and more people are interested in careers in this field. The SpatialNews site is a good way for students and professionals in the GIS field to stay on top of new developments via their feature articles, RSS feeds, and discussion boards. There is a great deal of information on the homepage, and first-time visitors should start by looking over the sections on "GIS Education", "Features", and "Business Bit & Bytes". Some of the more notable feature articles profile the history of GIS, the use of GIS in the military, and the use of GIS during hurricane evacuations. The site is rounded out by a listing of job opportunities and selected comments from the discussion boards.

194

Standardization of health assessments for patients aged 75 years and over: 3 years' experience in the Forth Valley Health Board area.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The new contract for general practitioners (GPs) was introduced in 1990. This required all GPs to offer their patients aged 75 years of over an annual assessment. AIM: The study aimed to determine if 3 years' experience had resulted in standardization of the way in which health assessments for patients aged 75 years and over are carried out. METHOD: The study was carried out in 1993. Questionnaires were sent to the principal partners of all 55 general practices in the Forth Valley Health Board (FVHB) area. The main outcome measures were the fulfilment of contractual requirements and standardization of the health assessment process. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires were returned by 49 practices (89%) Eighty per cent (39 practices) had drawn up their own assessment programme in 1990. Responsibility for assessments was most often (41 practices) shared between different members of the primary care team (84%). Although most practices satisfied contractual requirements, there were wide variations in approach, potentially influencing outcome. CONCLUSION: Despite three years' experience, no standardized approach to the health assessment of patients aged 75 years and over has been developed. Purchasers of health care require information on the needs of their client population, and this should be available in an accessible, standardized form. There is an urgent need for a review of the way in which the 1990 contract has been implemented to standardize health assessments and improve effectiveness in meeting its original aims.

Wilkieson, C A; Campbell, A M; McWhirter, M F; McIntosh, I B; McAlpine, C H

1996-01-01

195

Pulse News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be quite fun to read the news, but about what the beauty of viewing a clutch of colorful news sites? Pulse is an "elegant news reading application" designed for the iPhone, Android, and other mobile devices. The application uses colorful panning story bars and populates them with content from sources (such as CNN, the BBC, and so on) selected by the user. Visitors can sign up for a free account, and they will also want to read over the FAQ section on the site.

2012-02-03

196

How are New Zealand's District Health Boards funded and does it matter if we can't tell?  

PubMed

In 2011 the Population Based Funding Formula (PBFF) was used to distribute a $9 billion share of Vote Health amongst District Health Boards (DHBs), making it one of the single largest determinants of the allocation of public funds and exerting considerable influence on the healthcare sector. However, there is minimal public information available regarding the methods used in the PBFF and, consequently, the process of determining DHB allocations. We sought to investigate how the PBFF works and found that no comprehensive description of the process in its entirety has ever been produced. In light of this, based on information we obtained from the Ministry of Health, we have compiled our own version of how we believe the PBFF allocations are determined. This article summarises our findings and includes an example calculation of the inpatient cost weights to illustrate our understanding of the process. Our hope is that this article will improve understanding and stimulate debate on the PBFF as well as highlight the need for greater transparency around the funding process. PMID:23822963

Penno, Erin; Gauld, Robin

2013-06-14

197

78 FR 11651 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BSC, NIOSH)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Program Recommendations for Construction Safety and Health, Respiratory Disease Studies, and Traumatic Injury Prevention, Nanotechnology Research Strategic Plan, Influenza Research, Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Sector Update. Agenda items are...

2013-02-19

198

78 FR 32657 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC, NCEH/ ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Elaine L. Baker,...

2013-05-31

199

77 FR 24720 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC, NCEH/ ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: April 18,...

2012-04-25

200

76 FR 24031 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC, NCEH/ ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: April 21,...

2011-04-29

201

76 FR 63623 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC, NCEH/ ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: October 6,...

2011-10-13

202

77 FR 58557 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (BSC, NCEH/ ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: September 17,...

2012-09-21

203

News & Events  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Transparency; Website Policies. FDA. US Food and Drug ... 888-463-6332) Email FDA. USA.gov; E ... International Programs; News & Events; Training and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/newsevents

204

An Assessment of the Economic Impact of Local Boards of Health on West Virginia's Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

West Virginia, as is true for the nation as a whole, spends far less on public health interventions than on curative care. In 2008 the United States spent approximately $2.4 trillion on healthcare, of which approximately $72 billion was allocated for public health activities—obviously a very small percentage (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. Department of Heath and Human

Phil Rutsohn; Cal Kent

2010-01-01

205

Effektiv Krisledningsorganisation En Foerstudie Pa Uppdrag av Socialstyrelsen (Effective Crisis Management Organisation: A Pilot Study Commissioned by the Swedish National Board Of Health and Welfare).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare work to develop its crisis management capability the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) was commissioned to prepare a study that summarized the state-of-the-art knowledge and proven experience...

P. Larsson

2007-01-01

206

Consumer Board Training and Technical Assistance to Migrant Health Projects in the Southwest and Far West Regions of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 12-month training and technical assistance program, undertaken to assist migrant workers in DHEW Regions VIII and IX (the Southwest and Far West) in becoming effective members of the policy-making boards serving migrant health projects, is documented. I...

1974-01-01

207

Health Systems Agency Board Training and Continuing Education: A Model to be Implemented by the Centers for Health Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report proposes that a model training process and continuing education system be devised for use by DHEW's centers for health planning; it also contains a plan for the effective flow of information relevant to the training of health systems agency (H...

1976-01-01

208

Structural health assessment and review program (SHARP): prototype of an on-board structural health monitoring system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computer program entitled SHARP (structural health assessment and review program) has been developed to demonstrate smart structures concepts for automated aircraft health monitoring. SHARP is an object-oriented design, combining C++ and FORTRAN routines developed and implemented on a Motorola 68030 platform. SHARP combines unique analytic flaw generation algorithms with more traditional durability and damage tolerance routines to process data

Jeffery D. Gentry; Constantinos Marantidis; Jayanth N. Kudva

1993-01-01

209

A system-on-board approach for impedance-based structural health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, much of the focus in the structural health monitoring community is shifting towards incorporating health monitoring technology into real world structures. Deployment of structural health monitoring systems for permanent damage detection is usually limited by the availability of sensor technology. Previously, we developed the first fully self-contained system that performs impedance-based structural health monitoring. This digital signal processor based system effectively replaces a traditional impedance analyzer and all of the manual analysis usually required for damage determination. The work described here will focus on improving this hardware. Efforts are made to reduce the overall power consumption of the prototype while at the same time improving the overall performance and efficiency. By introducing a new excitation method and implementing a new damage detection scheme, reliance on both analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion are circumvented. These new actuation and sensing techniques, along with the underlying hardware, are described in detail. The reduction of power dissipation and improved performance are documented and compared with both traditional impedance techniques and the previous prototype.

Kim, Jina; Grisso, Benjamin L.; Ha, Dong S.; Inman, Daniel J.

2007-05-01

210

Design requirements and system payoffs for an on-board structural health monitoring system (SHMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

To optimize military fleet readiness, life cycle tracking of aircraft is required under the Air Force Aircraft Structural Integrity Program. Improvements in aircraft inspection and maintenance procedures are essential in today's climate of increasingly complex aircraft and decreasing defense outlays, forcing life extension programs for current aircraft. Automated structural health monitoring incorporating remote damage detection, load\\/environment tracking, and structural integrity

Constantinos Marantidis; Jayanth N. Kudva; Mark N. West

1994-01-01

211

Design requirements and system payoffs for an on-board structural health monitoring system (SHMS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To optimize military fleet readiness, life cycle tracking of aircraft is required under the Air Force Aircraft Structural Integrity Program. Improvements in aircraft inspection and maintenance procedures are essential in today's climate of increasingly complex aircraft and decreasing defense outlays, forcing life extension programs for current aircraft. Automated structural health monitoring incorporating remote damage detection, load/environment tracking, and structural integrity assessment could provide significant cost savings over the life of an airframe. This paper presents the design requirements for development of an aircraft structural health monitoring system (SHMS). Design of a SHMS requires careful analysis of structural geometry, operational environment, expected damage modes, etc., to determine sensor categories and locations. Additionally, the task of integrating data collection, processing, and storage hardware into the airframe must be addressed. Sensors and sensing technologies are discussed along with specific requirements for monitoring system hardware and software. Anticipated life cycle savings versus implementation costs are also presented for the ideal SHMS.

Van Way, Craig B.; Marantidis, Constantinos; Kudva, Jayanth N.; West, Mark N.

1994-05-01

212

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors: 08NOV99 Meeting  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes November 8, 1999

213

NCIDEA: Board of Scientific Advisors - 05MAR01 Meeting  

Cancer.gov

Division of Extramural Activities Site map Contact us Home | Funding | Advisory | NCI Research Priorities | Funded Awards | Research Resources | NCI News Board of Scientific Advisors Meeting Minutes March 5, 2001

214

Modifications of graduate public/community health nursing internships to facilitate compliance with Institutional Review Board and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations.  

PubMed

This paper describes the changes that were made to a two-semester graduate internship course to facilitate student compliance with Institutional Review Board (IRB) and agency requirements for compliance with the Privacy Rule of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Students now spend the first semester of the internship developing collaborative relationships with the agency and conceptualizing, planning, and developing all aspects of the project, including preparing materials for an IRB review. A series of workshops about the IRB process, the Privacy Rule of HIPAA, and on-line resources have been developed. A password-protected web site and other resources were developed for preceptors. The result of the changes has been primarily positive. By having to conceptualize and develop the entire project at the beginning, students demonstrate a better understanding of program development and evaluation. Their writing has markedly improved. Preceptors like the course revisions, the convenience of on-line resources, and the enhanced course focus on the protection of health care information and of potential participants in health education programs or program evaluation projects. PMID:15860073

Foss, Gwendolyn F

215

Board-invited review: Using behavior to predict and identify ill health in animals.  

PubMed

We review recent research in one of the oldest and most important applications of ethology: evaluating animal health. Traditionally, such evaluations have been based on subjective assessments of debilitative signs; animals are judged ill when they appear depressed or off feed. Such assessments are prone to error but can be dramatically improved with training using well-defined clinical criteria. The availability of new technology to automatically record behaviors allows for increased use of objective measures; automated measures of feeding behavior and intake are increasingly available in commercial agriculture, and recent work has shown these to be valuable indicators of illness. Research has also identified behaviors indicative of risk of disease or injury. For example, the time spent standing on wet, concrete surfaces can be used to predict susceptibility to hoof injuries in dairy cattle, and time spent nuzzling the udder of the sow can predict the risk of crushing in piglets. One conceptual advance has been to view decreased exploration, feeding, social, sexual, and other behaviors as a coordinated response that helps afflicted individuals recover from illness. We argue that the sickness behaviors most likely to decline are those that provide longer-term fitness benefits (such as play), as animals divert resources to those functions of critical short-term value such as maintaining body temperature. We urge future research assessing the strength of motivation to express sickness behaviors, allowing for quantitative estimates of how sick an animal feels. Finally, we call for new theoretical and empirical work on behaviors that may act to signal health status, including behaviors that have evolved as honest (i.e., reliable) signals of condition for offspring-parent, inter- and intra-sexual, and predator-prey communication. PMID:18952731

Weary, D M; Huzzey, J M; von Keyserlingk, M A G

2008-10-24

216

Computer News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents several news stories about computers and technology. (1) Applied Science Associates of Narragansett, Rhode Island is providing computer modeling technology to help locate the remains to the USS Bonhomme Richard, which sank in 1779 after claiming a Revolutionary War victory. (2) Whyville, the leading edu-tainment virtual…

Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

2007-01-01

217

How to Talk to Your Child about the News  

MedlinePLUS

How to Talk to Your Child About the News KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Tough Topics > How to Talk to Your Child About the News Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? (click to view) How Kids Perceive the News Talking About ...

218

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes the following reports: "'LJ' (Library Journal) News Report: Libraries Success at Funding Books and Bytes"; "'SLJ' (School Library Journal) News Report: We're in the Money!"; and "'PW' (Publishers Weekly) News Reports". (AEF)|

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Margolis, Rick; Glick, Andrea; Milliot, Jim

1999-01-01

219

Secrecy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on Government Secrecy, which works to "challenge excessive government secrecy and to promote public oversight," has recently launched this email publication. Distributed two to three times per week, Secrecy News contains stories on recent developments in secrecy and security policy and links to new materials placed on the FAS Website. A subscription form is provided at the site.

220

Science News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science News is the magazine of the Society for Science and the Public, and they certainly do deliver via their well designed website. There is a lot to read on the homepage alone and the material is pitched towards a general audience, so visitors don't need to be students of science to understand the articles. The "SN Bookshelf" offers reviews of the latest science-oriented books. The "SN Multimedia" section, near the bottom of the homepage, offers videos and photo slideshows to explain scientific research, such as the videos "Pigeons usually let best navigator take the lead" and "Fruit flies turn on auto-pilot." There is even a "Science News for Kids" section, accessible at the top of any page. For those visitors who are impressed by this site and want to continue learning about science, there is an e-mail alert or RSS feed available and there are dozens of topics to choose to get news from, as well as columns and features.

221

75 FR 8363 - Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Department of Health and Human Services, Office...Department of Health and Human Services established the National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2010-02-24

222

76 FR 2388 - Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Department of Health and Human Services, Office...Department of Health and Human Services established the National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2011-01-13

223

76 FR 51369 - Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Department of Health and Human Services, Office...Department of Health and Human Services established the National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2011-08-18

224

76 FR 4353 - Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Department of Health and Human Services, Office...Department of Health and Human Services established the National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2011-01-25

225

News Event: Netherhall hosts inspiring SPEED Education: Amusement parks support physics education International: South Sudan makes progress Environment: Kilimanjaro reveals Africa in danger of warming up Teachers: IOP Teacher Network 'normal expansion' Competition: Board member scoops top prize Forthcoming events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Event: Netherhall hosts inspiring SPEED Education: Amusement parks support physics education International: South Sudan makes progress Environment: Kilimanjaro reveals Africa in danger of warming up Teachers: IOP Teacher Network 'normal expansion' Competition: Board member scoops top prize Forthcoming events

2013-01-01

226

Bulletin Boards: The Great Corkboard Wasteland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A successful classroom bulletin board display should not only be decorative, but also must have clear-cut purposes and functions: informational (i.e., post current school news), instructional (i.e., expand on classroom units), and motivational (i.e., tap subliminal awareness). Some suggested techniques include (1) using space other than the…

Reith, James W.

1970-01-01

227

75 FR 2864 - National Biodefense Science Board: Notification of Public Teleconference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Biodefense Science Board: Notification...Department of Health and Human Services, Office of...Department of Health and Human Services established the National Biodefense Science Board. The Board...

2010-01-19

228

News-notes number 23: The condition of the environment and the control of nonpoint sources of water pollution  

SciTech Connect

Contents: a water quality highlight--environmental excellence awards in epa region vi; commentary--lakes conference brings exciting opportunities; news-notes editorial policy; noteworthy water quality happenings; news from the states; notes on the coastal environment; agricultural notes; notes on riparian and watershed management; notes on environmental education; nps electronic bulletin board (bbs) news.

Not Available

1992-09-01

229

Psychiatric Boarding Interview Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation contracted with The Lewin Group to interview physicians and other clinical staff on the issue of psychiatric boarding. The interviews were desig...

D. Bender M. Ludwig N. Pande

2009-01-01

230

Design News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning about the world of design can be rather fun, and for persons interested in entering this industry, it can be essential to stay on top of ongoing developments. Design Week launched their site in November 2006, and as the publication is based in Britain, the coverage of design events and trends is primarily focused on the British and Continental scenes. From those thinking about looking for a new job in the field, the site also contains job postings and suggestions for those going on the job market. The site is rounded out by a place where visitors can also sign up to receive news alerts via email.

231

Drawing Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Drawing Board consists of a marking pen that remains stationary and a platform that swings beneath the pen, acting as a pendulum. As the platform swings, the pen marks a sheet of paper that is fastened to the platform, generating beautiful repetitive patterns. These colorful designs contain hidden lessons in physics. This resource includes instructions for making a large-scale Drawing Board as well.

Exploratorium, The

2013-01-30

232

Breaking news on twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the news of Osama Bin Laden's death leaked through Twitter, many people wondered if Twitter would fundamentally change the way we produce, spread, and consume news. In this paper we provide an in-depth analysis of how the news broke and spread on Twitter. We confirm the claim that Twitter broke the news first, and find evidence that Twitter had

Mengdie Hu; Shixia Liu; Furu Wei; Yingcai Wu; John Stasko; Kwan-Liu Ma

2012-01-01

233

Fox News Nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fox News Network has received a lot of attention from political pundits, scholars and elected officials. At best, Fox News merely preaches to the choir of (already) conservative viewers. At worst, Fox News is polarizing viewers by moving their audience to the extreme right. Past research suggests that Fox News viewers hold more conservative attitudes and beliefs, but only

Glen Smith

234

AIDS and the news media.  

PubMed

News reports on AIDS have appeared at a time of general public concern about health risks, and, like the coverage of risk, the reporting on AIDS has been controversial. Perceptions of this disease have been linked to economic and personal stakes, professional ideologies, administrative responsibilities, and moral beliefs. It is from this perspective that news coverage of AIDS must be understood. The norms and practices of journalism, the technical uncertainties of risk evaluation, and the pressures placed on the media by various interests have influenced the reporting on this disease. However, media reports also shape the social context of the epidemic, affecting public perceptions, personal behavior, and policy agendas. PMID:1791792

Nelkin, D

1991-01-01

235

Enough Bad News! Remote Social Health & Aboriginal Action in a Harsh Environment--Coober Pedy in South Australia's "Outback."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on the complexities of health care in Coober Pedy (South Australia) and the nearby Umoona Aboriginal community, and highlights the vital role of Aboriginal health workers in the implementation of primary health care principles. The Aboriginal population in this "outback" area is characterized by considerable economic problems,…

Brice, G.; And Others

236

Enough Bad News! Remote Social Health & Aboriginal Action in a Harsh Environment--Coober Pedy in South Australia's "Outback."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the complexities of health care in Coober Pedy (South Australia) and the nearby Umoona Aboriginal community, and highlights the vital role of Aboriginal health workers in the implementation of primary health care principles. The Aboriginal population in this "outback" area is characterized by considerable economic problems,…

Brice, G.; And Others

237

74 FR 44857 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP or the BSC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Counselors, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion (BSC, CCHP or the BSC) In...Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Matters To Be Discussed...the Coordinating Center for Health Promotion Charter. Those...

2009-08-31

238

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. [1] Sexual Health News & Information HHS Statement on LGBT Health Awareness ... infectious diseases, reproductive health and sexual violence prevention. Sexual Health Topics Sexually Transmitted Diseases Up-to-date information ...

239

Developing HSA Leadership: An Innovation in Board Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was initiated to facilitate the orientation of health systems agency (HSA) board members to a changed health planning system and to establish effective mechanisms for ongoing board development. It was conducted by the Columbia University Scho...

N. M. Clark M. Pinkett-Heller R. Falzalore

1976-01-01

240

Fat in the Fire? Science, the News Media, and the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the obesity epidemic has emerged as a putative public health crisis. This article examines the interconnected role of medical science and news reporting in shaping the way obesity is framed as a social problem. Drawing on a sample of scientific publications on weight and health, and press releases and news reporting on these publications, we compare and

Abigail C. Saguy; Rene Almeling

2008-01-01

241

Health behaviours in people who respond to a web-based survey advertised on regional news media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The internet has become a key tool in health research and is increasingly used for data collection via email and web-surveys. Whilst the demographics of those with and without access to the Internet in the UK are regularly reported, the health behaviours of those who choose to take part in web-based surveys, compared to the wider population, are not

Jean Adams; Martin White

2007-01-01

242

News Coverage of Diet-related Health Disparities Experienced by Black Americans: A Steady Diet of Misinformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared to their white counterparts, black Americans experience greater morbidity and mortality across a range of diet-related diseases and conditions, including heart disease, type II diabetes, cancer, stroke, and obesity. Many factors influence dietary behaviors among blacks, including those associated with socioeconomics, culture, racism, psychology, and health care quality and access. However, when reporting about the health status and dietary

John Sankofa; Wendy L. Johnson-Taylor

2007-01-01

243

75 FR 6360 - Federal Advisory Committee; DoD Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Board of Actuaries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the valuation of benefits under DoD retiree health care programs for Medicare-eligible beneficiaries...Update (DFAS) --Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund Update (TRICARE Management Activity) --September 30, 2008...

2010-02-09

244

78 FR 17210 - Meetings of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meetings...National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Office...Department of Health and Human Services is hereby...National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB) will...Department of Health and Human Services established...National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2013-03-20

245

78 FR 52923 - Meetings of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meetings...National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Office...Department of Health and Human Services is hereby...National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB) will...Department of Health and Human Services (HHS...National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2013-08-27

246

76 FR 63622 - Meeting of the National Biodefense Science Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Meeting...National Biodefense Science Board AGENCY: Office...Department of Health and Human Services is hereby...National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB) will...Department of Health and Human Services established...National Biodefense Science Board. The...

2011-10-13

247

77 FR 61581 - Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Quarterly Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services University of the Health Sciences; Quarterly Meeting Notice...Services University of the Health Sciences (USU), Department of Defense...and the Sunshine in the Government Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C...Services University of the Health Sciences. DATES: Friday,...

2012-10-10

248

The Television News Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A special issue with extensive coverage of The Television News Exchange. Contributing authors from all over the world give their perspectives on the current status and future prospects of The Television News Exchange. (HB)|

Boni, Vittorio; And Others

1975-01-01

249

Non-News Viewers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents results of a study among a rural population of the relationship of amount of local and network television news-viewing and age, education, sex, income, length of local residence, radio-news listening behavior, and newspaper reading. (JMF)|

Poindexter, Paula M.

1980-01-01

250

ALMA News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The antennas are the largest single item in the ALMA budget. Thus the status of antenna procurement is of the highest importance for the project. Associated Universities Inc/NRAO have been given ALMA Board approval and permission by the US National Science Foundation to procure their antennas. On July 11, they signed a contract with VertexRSI for up to 32 antennas for ALMA. ESO is moving ahead with its antenna procurement as quickly as possible. The Joint ALMA Office is leading the rebaselining (a reassessment of project costs). This is proceeding at full speed. There will be discussions of both the rebaselining and antenna procurement issues at the next meetings of the ESO Council to be held in September.

Wilson, T.

2005-09-01

251

Board game  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A board game for between two and seven players comprising a board comprising a large outer circle disposed thereon; a center circle disposed in the large circle; fourteen stripes each extending radially from the center circle to the large outer circle, each stripe labelled with a deadly sin or a chakra of enlightenment; twenty one dividing lines extending radially from the center circle to the large outer circle; and seven concentric circles extending outwardly from the center circle to the large outer circle, wherein one or more boxes are labeled with a command; a plurality of playing pieces; a first wheel for determining how many boxes a player can move a playing piece; a second wheel for determining how many playing pieces a player can move; and a plurality of cards that display a phrase.

2011-03-01

252

Commentary: linking health equity with economic development: insights from my year as Chairman of the Board of the Chamber of Commerce.  

PubMed

Many urban areas struggle with significant health disparities. In Tulsa, Oklahoma, there is a 14-year difference in life expectancy between the predominantly African American population in north Tulsa and the predominantly Caucasian population in south Tulsa. The roots of Tulsa's health disparities can be linked, in part, to a long history of racial mistrust stemming from the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot, arguably one of the worst race riots in U.S. history. In 2011, the author served as both a university campus president and chairman of the board of the Tulsa region's chamber of commerce. Through his work with the chamber, he discovered the business community's substantial resources and advocacy abilities. He also found that regional business leaders strongly supported health equity, diversity, and inclusion initiatives, both as moral obligations and regional economic development imperatives. After sharing the lessons he learned from working closely with business leaders, the author encourages other academic health centers (AHCs) to reach out to their business communities, which are likely willing and able to help them undertake similar initiatives. In doing so, AHCs and businesses can work together to improve the economic vitality of their regions. PMID:23187917

Clancy, Gerard P

2012-12-01

253

News Before Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1513 to 1640, news pamphlets informed and entertained the English. Such publications have been difficult to identify and little has been written about them. More than 1,200 pamphlets were identified by reviewing entries in the Short Title Catalogue. They were then analyzed by numbers produced and subject matter. Factors that news pamphlets may share with modern news formats -

Richard Streckfuss

1998-01-01

254

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

255

Breaking Bad News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news has been ignored in the past and still depends largely on culture and social state. We experience now a strong trend towards full information in modern societies. The article describes the typical stages patients go through when dealing with bad news. Recommendations how to break bad news stress the importance of privacy and enough time, the necessity

Rainer Schoefl

2008-01-01

256

Anthropology World News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site at Texas A&M features frequently updated links to anthropology news stories published on the web by major news sources and university press releases. The news items are listed most recently first, but the whole site can also searched by keyword.

1997-01-01

257

Yahoo! News: Photo Slideshows  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yahoo!News has updated its Website with a new feature: slideshows of current news photos. Each of its news sections -- Top Stories, World, Entertainment, Sports, Science, Lifestyle, and Politics -- now contains a grouping of photos in a slideshow format. The slideshows are updated daily, and an archive is available. Be warned, however, that a few advertisements pop up during the slideshows.

2001-01-01

258

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

259

Governance: Current Trends in Board Education, Competencies, and Qualifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospitals and health system boards have been under enormous pressure to be more accountable. However, there is now an emerging trend of voluntary, mandatory, and payer-driven board education programs. Currently, 13 states have some type of formal, organized board education and development initiative, 10 of which are classified as “director and\\/ or board certificate” or “certification” programs; the American Hospital

David B. Nash; Sean Patrick Murphy; Anne D. Mullaney

2011-01-01

260

Disaster at a distance: impact of 9.11.01 televised news coverage on mothers' and children's health.  

PubMed

Families enrolled in a research program examining children's health behaviors and media habits before September 11, 2001 were analyzed to assess the impact of media coverage of the terrorist attacks on children's and mothers' stress levels, coping strategies, and health behaviors. After the attacks, 68% of mothers and 38% of children reported experiencing one or more symptoms of distress. These results indicate that children were more susceptible to experiencing distress symptoms if their families had preexisting relational difficulties and increased television viewing during the days after the attacks. Implications for research and preventive clinical interventions are discussed. PMID:15614257

Kennedy, Christine; Charlesworth, Annemarie; Chen, Jyu-Lin

2004-10-01

261

The news on health care funding: a study of reporting in the Australian print media for 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To review the coverage of health care funding and resourcing issues in the quality printed media in Australia. Methods: Content analysis of all articles in six major print publications with detailed commentary on four major issues. Results: One thousand one hundred and é fty articles were published over 12 months, most in the front three pages. Coverage of many

Marion Haas; Simon Chapman; Rosalie Viney; Jane Hall; Andrew Ferguson

2001-01-01

262

NEWS AND INFORMATION: Depleted uranium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential health effects arising from exposure to depleted uranium have been much in the news of late. Naturally occurring uranium contains the radioisotopes 238U (which dominates, at a current molar proportion of 99.3%), 235U and a small amount of 234U. Depleted uranium has an isotopic concentration of 235U that is below the 0.7% found naturally. This is either because

Richard Wakeford

2001-01-01

263

The Search for Peer Advice in Cyberspace: An Examination of Online Teen Bulletin Boards about Health and Sexuality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The physical, emotional, and psychological changes that occur in adolescence prompt youths to have serious questions about their bodies, relationships, and health that are often personal, sensitive, or embarrassing. Past research has shown that adolescents are often reluctant to consult physicians, peers, and others for personal health questions…

Suzuki, L.K.; Calzo, J.P.

2004-01-01

264

‘Never, Never Sick At Sea’: Gender Differences in Health Care Utilisation on Board South African Naval Vessels  

Microsoft Academic Search

International research indicates that women use health care more than men do. Previous figures for South African Navy ships showed that women sailors tend to visit their ships' sickbays more than twice as often as their male counterparts. While the physical environment can (partly) explain the medical findings, biological processes are deemed insufficient to explain all the gender-differences in health

Charles Van Wijk

2005-01-01

265

Space Launch Initiative News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the Space Launch Initiative (SLI) is "to identify feasible options for future NASA space transportation and enable a decision regarding whether the agency should proceed into full-scale development of a new reusable launch vehicle system." This news page has information on current developments, fact sheets, and vehicle concepts. Several technology summaries describe the various areas of research for the SLI. For example, using neural networks in the vehicle's control and navigation would allow for automatic, intelligent adjustments and would take some of the burden off the crew. Safety is one of the primary concerns, which is demonstrated by the articles on crew escape systems and the Integrated Vehicle Health Management system.

2000-01-01

266

News Grazers, Television News, Political Knowledge, and Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the modern-day television “news grazer” in American politics. We define news grazers as those individuals who watch television news with remote control in hand and switch to another channel when an uninteresting topic comes up. Using survey data from the Pew Research Center, we find that news grazers differ significantly from nongrazers in news-gathering habits, political knowledge,

Jonathan S. Morris; Richard Forgette

2007-01-01

267

75 FR 25870 - Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BSC), National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (NCEH/ATSDR) In accordance...Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: May 4, 2010....

2010-05-10

268

Frontier News: Forest Frontiers Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Frontier News is World Resources Institute's online news service tracking "threats to and development in the world's large, intact natural forests." Updated weekly, Frontier News offers recent news articles on Africa, Asia, Europe & Russia, North & Central America, Oceania (Papua New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand), and South America. General news stories and editorials highlight frontier forests, and emphasize concerns of the Forest Frontiers Initiative.

269

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

National Chemistry Week (NCW)

National Chemistry Week Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).

Awards Announced

Passer Award

Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
  • George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
  • Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
  • Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
  • Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
  • Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
  • Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL

Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section

Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.

Welch Award

Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.

NSTA Teacher Awards

During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
  • JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
  • Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
  • Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
  • Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
  • Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
  • Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
  • James A. Szoka, Clarke County Hi

    2001-08-01

270

TV News Coverage of Plastic Surgery, 1972-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study content analyzed all of the 265 news story abstracts on various types of plastic surgery from the five major TV networks during the past three decades. Coverage increased during the time periods, concentrating in the 1990s when public health controversy about breast implants erupted. Overall, TV network news coverage was most concerned with the issue of safety and

Sooyoung Cho

2007-01-01

271

"Good News" Tune Makes Discussion of "Bad News" Sing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends playing Anne Murray's recording of "A Little Good News" to promote discussion about the nature of news and Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billy Joe" for discussion on writing news stories about suicides. (CRH)

Sneed, Don

1984-01-01

272

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

273

Academy news.  

PubMed

Increasingly, nurses' time and attention is taken up with processes and procedures designed to improve patient safety, and rightly so. In March of this year, Consumer Reports released a new guide "How Safe Is Your Hospital?" This guide was developed to help patients choose facilities based on their safety and commitment to quality. In addition, changes in health care legislation will further reinforce the need to pay close attention to both patient safety and satisfaction. Are you ready? PMID:23835551

Black, Lori Williams; Fraser, Debbie; Goodall, Heather; Light, Elizabeth; Lovejoy, Arlene; Palla, Phyllis M; Ridky, Jody; Rudd, Kathryn; Thompson, Shannon

274

Beyond Knowledge Gaps: Examining Socioeconomic Differences in Response to Cancer News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article tested a model, informed by the knowledge gap hypothesis, to predict information seeking about cancer immediately following news about the diagnosis or death from cancer of a national celebrity. I identified five celebrity news events and examined their impact using data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. News…

Niederdeppe, Jeff

2008-01-01

275

News Media Tracking of Tobacco Control: A Review of Sampling Methodologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

News media tracking can be used to understand the content of news coverage and quantify its influence on public opinion and the social environment. We hypothesize that a parsimonious sampling of public health news coverage can gather statistically equivalent information to capture a census of coverage. We tested two general approaches to sampling. First, we randomly selected articles within a

W. Douglas Evans; Alec Ulasevich

2005-01-01

276

Beyond Knowledge Gaps: Examining Socioeconomic Differences in Response to Cancer News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article tested a model, informed by the knowledge gap hypothesis, to predict information seeking about cancer immediately following news about the diagnosis or death from cancer of a national celebrity. I identified five celebrity news events and examined their impact using data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. News…

Niederdeppe, Jeff

2008-01-01

277

Disability and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Search the WHO .int site Submit Advanced search Media centre Subnavigation Media centre News News releases 2012 Previous years Statements 2012 Previous years Notes for the media 2012 Previous years Events Official WHO health days ...

278

Hearing bad news.  

PubMed

Personal reports of receiving bad news provide data that describes patients' comprehension, reflections, experienced emotions, and an interpretative commentary with the wisdom of hindsight. Analysis of autobiographical accounts of "hearing bad news" enables the identification of patterns of how patients found out diagnoses, buffering techniques used, and styles of receiving the news. I describe how patients grapple with the news, their somatic responses to hearing, and how they struggle and strive to accept what they are hearing. I discuss metaphors used within the languages of hearing bad news. Finally, I discuss implications for a change of focus in the breaking bad news research agenda, that is, from the physician's "performance" to a patient-focused agenda. PMID:21503780

Morse, Janice

2011-09-01

279

EuroNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1992 in Lyons, France, EuroNews is a European Broadcasting Union initiative that was started by a group of European public broadcasters interested in providing European viewers with a diverse set of perspectives of regional and international news. The site will be of interest to anyone with an interest in viewing recent news briefs about a number of important topics of relevance, such as political affairs within the European Union, cultural activities, and technological innovations within various parts of the EU. Visitors can also view a weekly schedule for EuroNews, or elect to view the latest news update from EuroNews. As might be expected, the site may be viewed in a number of languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Russian.

280

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
  • Guy Anderson
  • Jim Becvar
  • Jerry Bell
  • Jim Birk
  • Diane Bunce
  • Ann Cartwright
  • Thomas Clark
  • Jane Crosby
  • Maria Dean
  • Art Ellis
  • Donald Elswick
  • Tommy Franklin
  • Babu George
  • Paul Heath
  • Angela Hoffman
  • Lynn Hogue
  • J. J. Lagowski
  • Frank Lambert
  • Dorothy Lehmkuhl
  • George Lelevre
  • Scott Luaders
  • Jane McMullen
  • Marci Merritt
  • Carl Minnier
  • Richard Narske
  • Ron Perkins
  • Gabriel Pinto
  • Dick Potts
  • Herb Retcofsky
  • Jerry Sarquis
  • Elke Schoffers
  • Sara Selfe
  • Uni Susskind
  • J. Mark Tolman
  • John Varine
  • Dawn Wakeley
  • Marla White
Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to jce@chem.wisc.edu; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done

2000-02-01

281

From Press Release to News: Mapping the Framing of the 2009 H1N1 A Influenza Pandemic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pandemics challenge conventional assumptions about health promotion, message development, community engagement, and the role of news media. To understand the use of press releases in news coverage of pandemics, this study traces the development of framing devices from a government public health agency's press releases to news stories about the 2009 H1N1 A influenza pandemic. The communication management of the

Seow Ting Lee; Iccha Basnyat

2012-01-01

282

42 CFR 137.417 - What procedures apply to Interior Board of Indian Appeals (IBIA) proceedings?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What procedures apply to Interior Board of Indian Appeals (IBIA) proceedings? 137...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...What procedures apply to Interior Board of Indian Appeals (IBIA) proceedings?...

2012-10-01

283

Market News International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Market News International, the Economeister gathers business news and market data to help readers predict the financial future. Links to key economic indicators from around the world are provided by the constantly updated Global Calendar. In addition, longer-term predictions are available in editorial form from the Economeister Intelligencer. Other Economeister options include NY Opening Rates, Archives, and information on fee-based services from Market News.

1997-01-01

284

'BREAKS' Protocol for Breaking Bad News  

PubMed Central

Information that drastically alters the life world of the patient is termed as bad news. Conveying bad news is a skilled communication, and not at all easy. The amount of truth to be disclosed is subjective. A properly structured and well-orchestrated communication has a positive therapeutic effect. This is a process of negotiation between patient and physician, but physicians often find it difficult due to many reasons. They feel incompetent and are afraid of unleashing a negative reaction from the patient or their relatives. The physician is reminded of his or her own vulnerability to terminal illness, and find themselves powerless over emotional distress. Lack of sufficient training in breaking bad news is a handicap to most physicians and health care workers. Adherence to the principles of client-centered counseling is helpful in attaining this skill. Fundamental insight of the patient is exploited and the bad news is delivered in a structured manner, because the patient is the one who knows what is hurting him most and he is the one who knows how to move forward. Six-step SPIKES protocol is widely used for breaking bad news. In this paper, we put forward another six-step protocol, the BREAKS protocol as a systematic and easy communication strategy for breaking bad news. Development of competence in dealing with difficult situations has positive therapeutic outcome and is a professionally satisfying one.

Narayanan, Vijayakumar; Bista, Bibek; Koshy, Cheriyan

2010-01-01

285

Literature Review: Psychiatric Boarding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This literature review will explore the relevant literature on several key questions regarding boarding of psychiatric patients in the ED. Is psychiatric boarding a problem. What are the reasons for boarding psychiatric patients. What kind of care is rece...

D. Bender M. Ludwig N. Pande

2008-01-01

286

Vanderbilt Television News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.

287

With News Search Engines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there are many news search engines on the Web, finding the news items one wants can be challenging. Choosing appropriate search terms is one of the biggest challenges. Unless one has seen the article that one is seeking, it is often difficult to select words that were used in the headline or text of the article. The limited archives of…

Gunn, Holly

2005-01-01

288

Women And News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era of increasing globalization, women continue to be underrepresented and stereotyped in national, international and global news media. The problem is exacerbated when traditional geographic boundaries are crossed and the media in one country report on issues and events, particularly those that impact women, in another country. The question addressed in this article is how news organizations can

Margaretha Geertsema

2009-01-01

289

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

290

Institutional review board training for community practices: advice from the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Practice-Based Research Network listserv.  

PubMed

Human subject protection training is required for all research personnel regardless of funding source. This article summarizes recommendations from a discussion about ethics training for community personnel from the practice-based research network (PBRN) listserv sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality PBRN Resource Center. PBRN projects can involve community providers and their staff as subjects of the research project or as collaborators with recruitment and data collection. Distinguishing between usual care and research procedures is important for determining if training is required of community-based personnel. The use of research assistants or practice facilitators to collect research-related information is one way of limiting practice involvement to usual care procedures, thereby allowing PBRNs to limit training to dedicated research staff. Key methodologies for human subject protection training of community practice staff include on-site lectures, online modules, videotapes, and paper-based training. Ultimately, a discussion by the PBRN researcher with his or her governing Institutional Review Board is recommended for finding acceptable strategies within a PBRN. PMID:18612061

Dolor, Rowena J; Smith, Peter C; Neale, Anne Victoria

291

ACAM2000 clonal Vero cell culture vaccinia virus (New York City Board of Health strain)--a second-generation smallpox vaccine for biological defense.  

PubMed

The threat of smallpox as a biological weapon has spurred efforts to create stockpiles of vaccine for emergency preparedness. In lieu of preparing vaccine in animal skin (the original method), we cloned vaccinia virus (New York City Board of Health strain, Dryvax by plaque purification and amplified the clone in cell culture. The overarching goal was to produce a modern vaccine that was equivalent to the currently licensed Dryvax in its preclinical and clinical properties, and could thus reliably protect humans against smallpox. A variety of clones were evaluated, and many were unacceptably virulent in animal models. One clonal virus (ACAM1000) was selected and produced at clinical grade in MRC-5 human diploid cells. ACAM1000 was comparable to Dryvax in immunogenicity and protective activity but was less neurovirulent for mice and nonhuman primates. To meet requirements for large quantities of vaccine after the events of September 11th 2001, the ACAM1000 master virus seed was used to prepare vaccine (designated ACAM2000) at large scale in Vero cells under serum-free conditions. The genomes of ACAM1000 and ACAM2000 had identical nucleotide sequences, and the vaccines had comparable biological phenotypes. ACAM1000 and ACAM2000 were evaluated in three Phase 1 clinical trials. The vaccines produced major cutaneous reactions and evoked neutralizing antibody and cell-mediated immune responses in the vast majority of subjects and had a reactogenicity profile similar to that of Dryvax. PMID:15491873

Monath, Thomas P; Caldwell, Joseph R; Mundt, Wolfgang; Fusco, Joan; Johnson, Casey S; Buller, Mark; Liu, Jian; Gardner, Bridget; Downing, Greg; Blum, Paul S; Kemp, Tracy; Nichols, Richard; Weltzin, Richard

2004-10-01

292

Being Web-Savvy Tied to Better Health in Seniors  

MedlinePLUS

... Dallas Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Health Disparities Healthy Aging TUESDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Older ... HealthDay . All rights reserved. More Health News on: Health Disparities Healthy Aging Recent Health News Page last updated ...

293

Alternative Energy Sources: Good News\\/Bad News and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In researching innovative energy sources, we are faced with a good news\\/bad news situation. On the good news side, new arenas of research activity are being opened up and pursued vigorously. These range from relatively mainstream approaches to develop solar energy, to highly innovative approaches to extract energy from vacuum fluctuations. On the bad news side, despite varying degrees of

H. E. Puthoff

294

AAAS News: Questions of Science Literacy Addressed by Rutherford/AAAS; 1982 Exhibit; Energy and Health to Be Discussed in Berkeley; Short Courses at Pacific Division, Annual Meeting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the views of F. James Rutherford concerning the status of science education and his role as advisor on science education to the Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (SK)

Science, 1981

1981-01-01

295

AIP Weekly Physics News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Exeter (UK) Physics Department has given new meaning to the term "value added" in its mirroring of the American Institute of Physics' weekly publication, Physics News Update. The AIP Public Information Division makes available Physics News, which provides concise coverage of new developments in physics, graphics "depicting important physics research topics and concepts," and a subset of more in-depth stories about breaking news in physics. This Exeter site provides all of the content of the AIP's Physics News Update, and enhances it by: 1) providing an archive back to September of 1990; 2) making this archive searchable; and 3) providing the reports in HTML format, with each article subject cross-referenced to any of over 25 topics from atomic physics to superconductors, allowing the user easy access to other Physics News articles on the same topics.

1969-12-31

296

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999 Volume 2, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 1999 In the Spotlight Genevieve Joseph Genevieve Joseph is no stranger to clinical trials. Before joining the PLCO study, she enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a very

297

Acoustic-emission sensing in an on-board smart structural health monitoring system for military aircraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A smart structural health monitoring system (SHMS) requires various sensing technologies to detect and locate flaws, and assess their criticality to the structural integrity of the aircraft. To realize its full potential, a SHMS must be capable of remotely sensing flaw growth and location. Acoustic emission (AE) is one of the few sensing technologies that is capable of direct and remote sensing of flaw growth. Currently, there are two AE sensing techniques used for monitoring, detecting and locating flaw growth in structural components. In one technique, specific AE event parameters are captured by narrowband transducers and are studied to identify their source and location. The other technique studies the whole AE waves captured by wideband transducers and then detects and locates flaw growth based on waveform analysis and the wave propagation characteristics of the structure being monitored. This paper investigates both AE techniques, establishes their limitations, and defines the goals that need to be achieved in AE technology before it can successfully be implemented into a SHMS.

Marantidis, Constantinos; Van Way, Craig B.; Kudva, Jayanth N.

1994-05-01

298

Periodic Tallies by Regulatory Boards: A Vital Tool for Tracking Supply in the Psychology Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regulatory boards in psychology and other mental health professions are in key positions to address workforce supply issues. Board data provide real time estimates of the growth within the health professions they regulate. The authors recommend that periodic tallies of the psychology workforce be undertaken through surveys of psychology boards. This will require that boards adopt efficient and standard methods

William N. Robiner; Donovan Crew

2001-01-01

299

The Vanishing School Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Now that school boards have been replaced by parent advisory councils, there is virtually no local school governance in New Brunswick, Canada. Factors leading to school boards' demise include neglected democratic institutions, failure to understand local boards' needs, less qualified members, boards' failure to protect their special…

Chalker, Donald M.; Haynes, Richard M.

1997-01-01

300

Ranking a stream of news  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a recent survey made by Nielsen NetRatings, searching on news articles is one of the most important activity online. Indeed, Google, Yahoo, MSN and many others have proposed commercial search engines for indexing news feeds. Despite this commercial interest, no academic research has focused on ranking a stream of news articles and a set of news sources. In

Gianna M. Del Corso; Antonio Gullí; Francesco Romani

2005-01-01

301

Is Crime News Coverage Excessive?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on the frequency and manner in which various crime and noncrime news topics were presented in selected newspapers and television newscasts in 1976. Examines news flow data to determine whether news output was inflexible, and whether crime news coverage distorted the amount of real-life crime. (PD)|

Graber, Doris A.

1979-01-01

302

Stock risk mining by news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the fast delivery of news articles by news providers on the Internet and\\/or via news datafeeds, it becomes an important research issue of predicting the risk of stocks by utilizing such textual information available in addition to the time series information. In the literature, the issue of predicting stock price up\\/down trend based on news articles has been

Qi Pan; Hong Cheng; Di Wu; Jeffrey Xu Yu; Yu Yiping Ke

2010-01-01

303

42 CFR 24.3 - Policy Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL SENIOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.3 Policy Board. The...reviewing the operations of the SBRS and ensuring consistent application of regulations, policies, and procedural guidelines,...

2010-10-01

304

42 CFR 24.3 - Policy Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL SENIOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICE § 24.3 Policy Board. The...reviewing the operations of the SBRS and ensuring consistent application of regulations, policies, and procedural guidelines,...

2009-10-01

305

Health Tip: Know Risk Factors for Gout  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Know Risk Factors for Gout It's more common in males (*this news item ... Kohnle Wednesday, August 7, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Page Gout (HealthDay News) -- Gout is characterized by a buildup ...

306

Health Tip: Participating in Pulmonary Rehabilitation  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Participating in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Rehab for your lungs (*this news item will ... Monday, October 28, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Page Pulmonary Rehabilitation (HealthDay News) -- Exercise is a challenge when you ...

307

Internet News Radio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet News Radio (iNR) is an audio news program which uses RealAudio software allowing Internet users to play audio files "on-demand" over the Internet, including through a standard modem connection. Most stories are broadcast in both French and English. Each week major stories relevant to the Internet are covered, as well as related technology news. iNR also offers audio articles containing movie reviews, software reviews, and feature stories. Pointers to Web sites relevant to stories are provided. Note that RealAudio now supports 28.8 modem connections in its 2.0 beta version.

308

Medical News Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents Medical News Today, an organization based in the United Kingdom, aimed at providing "the latest news headlines from the world of medicine and healthcare today and every day." The site offers 19 pages of recent news headline lists, with each headline hyperlinked to its article (or part of its article). Most article pages contain an original URL or some other contact or source information. In addition, the article pages allow site visitors to write an opinion piece about the article, as well as view other visitors' opinions. This website also provides search engines for medical abbreviations and terms, and links to information about healthcare, conditions, and patient resources.

309

Health Tip: Do You Need Frequent Cholesterol Screenings?  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Do You Need Frequent Cholesterol Screenings? Your age, weight are factors (*this news ... Kohnle Thursday, September 19, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Cholesterol Health Screening (HealthDay News) -- High cholesterol increases your ...

310

Recognition of international board certified lactation consultants by health insurance providers in the United States: results of a national survey of lactation consultants.  

PubMed

Background: Insurance coverage for lactation management is proposed by the United States Affordable Care Act. International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) are key providers of lactation services. In order to inform national discussion, this study examines the scope of insurance reimbursement of IBCLC services. Objectives: An email survey of US IBCLCs (N = 10 495) in March 2011 was used to explore frequencies of (1) submission-how often lactation consults were submitted to insurance providers for reimbursement and (2) recognition-the proportion of submitted charges recognized by insurance providers. Methods: Results (N = 2045) were analyzed to describe patterns of submission and recognition by IBCLC work setting, job classification, and reimbursement strategy. Results: Many survey respondents did not know their submission (41%) or recognition (57%) levels. Multiple strategies were used for reimbursement of IBCLC services with large variations in recognition between strategies. Overall, less than 15% reported high levels of submissions to insurance providers. Moreover, of submitted encounters, only 4% were consistently recognized by insurance providers. Inpatient hospital IBCLCs were least likely to have consults recognized (3%), and private community IBCLCs were most frequently recognized (32%). Compared with using IBCLC credentials for submitting an encounter, using another clinical license was the most successful strategy for achieving recognition of IBCLC consults (crude risk ratio, 1.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.01; P = .02). Conclusion: IBCLCs provide key care to a vulnerable population. However, we found that these services are not consistently reimbursed. IBCLCs poorly communicate their health care activities to insurance providers, but insurance providers also inconsistently recognize and reimburse IBCLC care. PMID:23962773

Chetwynd, Ellen; Meyer, Anne-Marie; Stuebe, Alison; Costello, Rebecca; Labbok, Miriam

2013-08-20

311

The microbiological quality of potable water on board ships docking in the UK and the Channel Islands: an association of Port Health Authorities and Health Protection Agency Study.  

PubMed

Providing safe potable water onboard vessels presents particular challenges and contamination can occur directly from source waters as well as during loading, storage and distribution. Between May and October 2005, 950 potable water samples were collected from 342 ships docking at ports. Comparison with Guidelines found 9% of samples contained coliforms, Escherichia coli or enterococci and 2.8% had faecal indicators (E. coli or enterococci). Action levels of aerobic colony count (ACC) bacteria were detected in 20% (22 degrees C) and 21.5% (37 degrees C) of samples. ACC results from one-off sampling are not informative as this does not enable port health authorities to monitor ACC trends. They should be removed as a routine criterion for remedial action and vessels should adopt the WHO Water Safety Plan approach, whilst continuing to monitor water quality with public health-based indicators (e.g. chlorine residual, coliforms, E. coli and enterococci). Logistic regression analyses identified practices associated with water quality. Practices protective against coliforms, E. coli or enterococci in potable supplies were: good hose hygiene, processing water onboard, maintaining free chlorine residual at >or=0.2 mg/L. This emphasizes the importance of good hygiene during potable water loading and maintaining adequate disinfection of supplies onboard. PMID:18209284

Grenfell, P; Little, C L; Surman-Lee, S; Greenwood, M; Averns, J; Westacott, S; Lane, C; Nichols, G

2008-06-01

312

National PKU News  

MedlinePLUS

... Foods List Before you consider trying the new PKU drug, Kuvan, please click here for important information. Recent Website Updates - August 2013 ©2000-2013, National PKU News. All rights reserved. E-mail comments or ...

313

FDA News for Educators  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. News for Educators Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Food Safety Nutrition Cosmetics July 2013 The Heat Is On! ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents

314

Green Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bruce Mulliken has been covering news and commentary on the world of clean, efficient, and renewable energy since 1996. His Green Energy News site is geared towards a broad audience that includes the general public, industry professionals, and government officials. First-time visitors will want to look at the "News Stories" on the front page which in recent editions have included pieces on the growing hydrogen economy, the potential of parking lots as a form of solar power, and the possibility of a zero emission electric vehicle with two wheels. Those looking for previous news features can browse the "Archives and Resources" area, which dates back to April 1996. Those looking for "green" events should browse over to the "Events Calendar" section, which provides links to upcoming events such as renewable energy conferences and clean vehicle expos.

Mulliken, Bruce C.

315

Turning News into Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)

Otten, Nick; Stelmach, Majorie

1987-01-01

316

Cornell Science News: Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Science News article, from Cornell University, provides information about extraordinarily small vibrating devices, including a nanoguitar that is "carved out of crystalline silicon and no larger than a single cell." An optical method for detecting these vibrations is described.

2009-09-17

317

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American news media industry is characterized by two competing dynamics -- traditional journalistic values and market demands for profit. Most within the industry consider themselves to be journalists first. In that capacity, they fulfill two key role...

D. Bagnati H. Ferguson J. Seng R. Girven S. Herr

2006-01-01

318

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American news media has two fundamental roles in our democracy: that of eyewitness, giving citizens critical information, and also as the watchdog, providing another arm of 'checks and balances' within our governmental system. A central feature of the new...

C. Bartlett C. Bracuto D. Buonassisi F. Caruso D. Gurney

2003-01-01

319

Environmental News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Network (ENN) has as its primary goal to educate the world about environmental issues facing our Earth. People can freely read articles that change daily on the latest news that affects our planet, read stories from major environmental organizations, search past stories, learn about upcoming events on the provided calendar, listen online to EarthNews Radio, and more. An example of a current in-depth article describes how fossil fuels today are depleted 100,000 times faster than they form and how, by 2010, world energy consumption is expected to increase almost 50 percent. Although the site may be slightly biased, it does provide easy access to a wealth of environmental news and information; those interested can even subscribe for email delivery of the latest ENN articles.

320

National Geographic News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every science enthusiast will find countless, fascinating stories at this National Geographic website. The news site covers stories related to adventure and exploration, archaeology and paleontology, kids' news, science and technology, people and culture, the environment, and travel. Users can discover Special Series which cover emerging explorers, oceans, the pulse of the planet, and so much more. The incredible images warrant a visit all by themselves.

321

Is the Internet Bad News? The Online News Era and the Market for High-Quality News  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and model the impact of the internet on the production and uptake of high-quality news. Our review of trends in the market for news suggests three stylized facts: i) particular quality news markets are dominated by merely a few providers, ii) demand for quality news appears stable, but provision of news has become specialized; mainstream news is decoupled

Paul Frijters; Malathi Velamuriy

2010-01-01

322

Fit to Print: A Natural History of Obesity Research in the Canadian News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This natural-history approach to investigating media reports concerning health can reveal the complex process whereby health research becomes news. Using television and newspaper reports of a press event taken from a larger proj- ect, this article examines the inception and mediation of obesity research in the Canadian news media. By exploring questionnaire data, a media release, tele- phone interviews with

Stephannie C. Roy; Guy Faulkner; Sara-Jane Finlay

2007-01-01

323

Scrum Board Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Scrum Board Game is a workshop for beginners. It is for people with any role (customer, developer, tester, etc.), who don’t exactly know what a Scrum Board is, or how to create one themselves. The workshop teaches the benefits of a Scrum Board, how to use it, and how to introduce it in projects.

van den Oord, Stefan; van de Goor, Wim

324

Building a Better Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Shaker Heights (Ohio) Citizens' Committee (SHCC) has been actively participating in school board member selections since 1931. The SHCC seeks out possible board members and after a process of interviews, selects a candidate to endorse and back financially. The SHCC seeks out an ethnic and gender balance on the school board. (KDP)|

Sabo, Sandra R.

1994-01-01

325

Recruiting Effective Board Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that lack of seriousness in recruiting board members for child care agencies can create problems with organizational effectiveness. Addresses the following: (1) Do we need more board members?; (2) What do we need from new members?; and (3) How do we begin recruiting? Provides resources, such as the "Child Care Agency Board Skill Inventory"…

Bess, Gary; Ratekin, Cindy

1999-01-01

326

Breaking bad news: current prospective and practical guideline for muslim countries.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is one of the most distressing tasks which face physicians on daily basis; however, only few doctors receive formal training on this task. Disappointingly, the current status of the "breaking bad news" sector in health care systems in the Muslim countries is largely unknown. The following article attempts to address the current status of breaking bad news in the health care sector in Muslim countries and devises a practical protocol which provides a stepwise framework for breaking bad news in Muslim countries. PMID:23872951

Salem, Ahmed; Salem, Abdel-Fattah

2013-12-01

327

News and Advertisements: How Negative News May Reverse Advertising Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the effects of news and advertising expenditures on corporate reputation. Both advertisement expenditures and the tone (or tenor) of business news exert a positive influence on corporate reputation. In addition, advertising expenditures were found to magnify the effects of the tone of the news. In particular, moderately educated customers are susceptible to the tone of the

MAY-MAY MEIJER; JAN KLEINNIJENHUIS

2007-01-01

328

Business Wire: The Global Leader in News Distribution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Business Wire offers hundreds of daily business-related announcements in ten categories, including daily news, hi-tech, health, entertainment, corporate news, and IPO's on the Net, among others. A one week searchable archive is available. There is also information on several of Business Wire's fee-based services. Users should bear in mind that the listing of information on Business Wire is a for-fee service that not all companies subscribe to.

1998-01-01

329

Flexible Printed Circuit Board Assembly.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A flexible printed circuitry board assembly has a plurality of rigid printed circuit boards spaced apart but mechanically and electrically connected by a thin flexible printed circuitry board which is bonded to one side of each rigid board. The assembled ...

R. W. Kraft

1978-01-01

330

CRIME AND THE NEWS MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, any form of news-making is an institutional method of making information available to an audience or customers; it is located and gathered by professionals within organizations. Essentially, news in some form reflect society, indeed, it is a \\

Korni Swaroop KUMAR

331

What's unusual in online disease outbreak news?  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate and timely detection of public health events of international concern is necessary to help support risk assessment and response and save lives. Novel event-based methods that use the World Wide Web as a signal source offer potential to extend health surveillance into areas where traditional indicator networks are lacking. In this paper we address the issue of systematically evaluating online health news to support automatic alerting using daily disease-country counts text mined from real world data using BioCaster. For 18 data sets produced by BioCaster, we compare 5 aberration detection algorithms (EARS C2, C3, W2, F-statistic and EWMA) for performance against expert moderated ProMED-mail postings. Results We report sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), mean alerts/100 days and F1, at 95% confidence interval (CI) for 287 ProMED-mail postings on 18 outbreaks across 14 countries over a 366 day period. Results indicate that W2 had the best F1 with a slight benefit for day of week effect over C2. In drill down analysis we indicate issues arising from the granular choice of country-level modeling, sudden drops in reporting due to day of week effects and reporting bias. Automatic alerting has been implemented in BioCaster available from http://born.nii.ac.jp. Conclusions Online health news alerts have the potential to enhance manual analytical methods by increasing throughput, timeliness and detection rates. Systematic evaluation of health news aberrations is necessary to push forward our understanding of the complex relationship between news report volumes and case numbers and to select the best performing features and algorithms.

2010-01-01

332

C|Net News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week c|net: the Computer Network launched News.Com, an online service entirely devoted to technology news. It promises to be a useful site for a wide range of computer and Internet users who can visit once (or more) a day for updates on who's doing what in the world of the Internet, computing, Intranets, and business. Each section offers a dozen or more varied stories produced by c|net or accessed through links to other Internet publishers. Also offered in each section are short takes that provide a single paragraph summary of a piece of technology news. On the page with each current news story are links to related stories from the c|net archives that are useful for background information (the stories from the archives may be several months old, however, so be sure to check the dates to know if you are reading news or background). Opinion pieces can be found under Perspectives, and Newsmakers offers multimedia interviews with movers and shakers.

1996-01-01

333

Breaking Bad News to Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the difficulty of breaking bad news to parents, whether the news pertains to center policy or a child's behavior. Provides strategies for presenting news and for helping parents to overcome difficult situations, including gathering facts in advance, arranging an appropriate time, and having resource materials available for parents.…

Miller, Susan A.

1996-01-01

334

TV News Flow Studies Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares different theoretical approaches to the study of international news. Finds many comparative studies of the foreign news output of national broadcasters and few studies analyzing the actual flow of television news between actors at the wholesale level and the flow between wholesale and retail level. Suggests a better framework for the…

Hjarvard, Stig

1995-01-01

335

The Trouble with Bad News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Subjective comments from veteran news reporters, media critics, and the public give the impression that bad or negative news is becoming a major problem in this country. This impression raises major questions concerning how much is really known about bad news, including whether the media present an accurate or distorted picture of reality in…

Haskins, Jack B.

1981-01-01

336

Political News and Political Consciousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…

Schertges, Claudia

2007-01-01

337

Science News of the Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories reported in Science News during 1976. Most items include a volume and page number reference to the issue of Science News in which the article appeared. Items are grouped under general major headings such as: space, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, etc. (SL)

Science News, 1976

1976-01-01

338

Genome News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there is a great deal of information about genes and genomes available in the mainstream media, it may be difficult for many to obtain more objective and scientifically-informed material about these complex subjects. To that end, the Genome News Network provides this bi-weekly publication that features stories about human medicine, microbes, biotechnology, and agriculture. Visitors who may be less familiar about genes and genomes will want to start with the "Quick Guide to Sequenced Genomes," or the basic overview provided in the "What's a Genome" area. The site also features news updates on topics ranging from the African-American Biobank, the first cloned mule, and how geneticists recognize cancer cells. Additionally, visitors can browse through the archives of the News Network (back to the year 2000), and elect to receive the bi-weekly report via email.

339

US Water News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the monthly publication US Water News. Most online content is news coverage of water supply and quality, legislation, water rights, conservation, and the global waterfront. The collection of links is quite impressive, with state, federal, international, nonprofit, and many other resources listed. Assorted buyer's guides for a wide variety of water products are given with links to online catalogs. For people that want to stay current on new developments and technologies, there is also information about upcoming water related conferences from around the world.

340

Is It Really News?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A leading national newspaper has stated that the majority of the information contained in its pages is in the form of advertisements. To investigate this, portions of the local newspaper are distributed to students working in groups. The class first reaches consensus on their definitions of "news" and other general headings (sports, entertainment, etc.). Students then express the ratio of the area of each category to the area of the page as a fraction and decimal. After analyzing the entire newspaper, students decide how much of it is really news.

Mathline, Pbs

1995-01-01

341

PsychNews International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well known InterPsych Newsletter has changed its name to PsychNews International and is available via email subscription and the Web. It is published ten times per year. Each issue can contain a combination of research findings, job and conference listings, and listings of Internet resources. PsychNews International concentrates on issues of psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences. The Internet resources sections are a good place for anyone interested in the field to keep abreast of useful resources.

1994-01-01

342

Content-based analysis of news video  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a schema for content-based analysis of broadcast news video. First, we separate commercials from news using audiovisual features. Then, we automatically organize news programs into a content hierarchy at various levels of abstraction via effective integration of video, audio, and text data available from the news programs. Based on these news video structure and content analysis technologies, a TV news video Library is generated, from which users can retrieve definite news story according to their demands.

Yu, Junqing; Zhou, Dongru; Liu, Huayong; Cai, Bo

2001-09-01

343

Making News Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one teacher uses news articles to teach connections between the present-day real world and the books that her students read. Notes that her intent is to help readers transfer concepts from one domain (their reading) to another (real life). Offers the example of how this was done with the book "The Giver" by Lois Lowry. (SR)

Swiderek, Bobbi

1998-01-01

344

NewsWire, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

2002-01-01

345

Latest Space Shuttle News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from NASA offers the latest news on the space shuttle program. It features a variety of articles on the program. Links to other sites on the shuttle program provide provide resources such as posters, educational materials and interactive resources. Users can use the site to learn more about the most recent space shuttle missions or any of the past missions.

2002-01-01

346

News from LBL  

SciTech Connect

We present a brief summary of recent news from LBL related to accelerator physics. This talk was given on October 29, 1993 at the 6th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on the subject ``Synchro- Betraton Resonances,`` held in Funchal (Madeira, Portugal), October 24--30, 1993.

Furman, M.A.

1994-01-26

347

Parent News Offline, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the two issues published in volume 1 (1999) of "Parent News Offline," a newsletter of the National Parent Information Network (NPIN), designed to introduce those without Internet access to the activities and information available through NPIN. The spring 1999 issue contains the following articles: (1) "Child Care:…

Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

1999-01-01

348

Cornell News: New Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news article provides information about the newest version of the ânanoguitarâ created at Cornell University. The article describes the manufacture of sub-micron oscillators, in this case in the shape of a guitar and how the guitar string vibrations are investigated. The article includes a micrograph of this tiny musical instrument.

2008-07-09

349

Commonwealth News Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing scandal over phone-hacking, alleged bribery of senior police officers and the use of convicted private investigators to obtain private information illegally enveloped Rupert Murdoch's global media empire, News Corporation. Murdoch and his son James were questioned by MPs as pressure grew in Britain, and abroad, to curb the tycoon's dominant role. Malta voted to legalise divorce. A corruption

Oren Gruenbaum

2011-01-01

350

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan

1998-01-01

351

Environmental news reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A collection of 13 news reports ranging in length from 1:30 to 2:16, about a wide range of on-going research dealing with the following environmental issues: remote sensing-water resources, a better soybean ink, kenaf: new paper crop, pesta: to control we...

1994-01-01

352

Antarctic News Clips - 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or r...

1992-01-01

353

The News, Fall 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This fall 2002 newsletter from the Community College League of California contains several articles, news stories, and the brochure from the 2002 Annual Convention, "Celebrating the Way California LEARNS." Articles include: (1) "Nursing Shortage Poses Dilemma for Colleges: Access vs. Efficiency," a discussion of the debate over how to increase…

Giles, Ray, Ed.

2002-01-01

354

2004 News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Utter the news media to anyone and chances are you will be offered an instant judgment of the institution: Fair and balanced defenders of democracy biased liberals watch dogs attack dogs, and let's not forget former U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew's de...

W. Beard J. Benfer J. Bohr R. Castellvi J. Chambers

2004-01-01

355

News from the frontline  

Cancer.gov

News from the Frontline Leslie G. Ford, M.D. Associate Director for Clinical Research Division of Cancer Prevention NCI/NIH/DHHS March 18, 2003 Dr. Elias Zerhouni NIH Director NIH Roadmap: Themes New Pathways to Discovery Re-engineering Clinical Research

356

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of November 30, 2000): 152,139 Men enrolled: 75,565 Women enrolled: 76,574 Number of people enrolled at age: 55-59 49,944 60-64 47,058

357

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Cancer Information Service If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a nationwide toll-free telephone hotline Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.

358

News About News in a Presidential Primary Campaign: Press Metacoverage on Evening News, Political Talk, and Political Comedy Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines press metacoverage (i.e., news about news) on traditional broadcast network evening news programs, political talk programs on cable television, and political comedy programs. A content analysis found that 2008 presidential primary campaign stories on The O'Reilly Factor, Countdown, and The Daily Show were more likely to cover the news media and to present the news media in

David Wise; Paul R. Brewer

2010-01-01

359

Electromagnetic Fields and Public Health: Mobile Phones  

MedlinePLUS

... Search the WHO .int site Submit Advanced search Media centre Subnavigation Media centre News News releases 2012 Previous years Statements 2012 Previous years Notes for the media 2012 Previous years Events Official WHO health days ...

360

How TV News Meets People's Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most programs on television have an entertainment function, TV news is generally seen as meeting people's need for information. However more emotive gratifications are also associated with news- viewing. This study examines gratifications people derive from TV news in relation to their preferences for different types of news. It is found that people who watch TV news for information

John P. Henningham

1982-01-01

361

The NEWS ontology: Design and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

News agencies are one of the main actors in the news business. These agencies produce daily big amounts of digital contents, which need to be managed and distributed to their customers. The NEWS (News Engine Web Services) project, already completed, had as goal to develop tools that, using state of the art technologies, may help news agencies to improve their

Norberto Fernández García; Damaris Fuentes; Luis Sánchez; Jesús Arias-Fisteus

2010-01-01

362

Young Adults’ Accounts of Scientific Knowledge When Responding to a Television News Report of Contested Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports one aspect of a study of 28 young adults (18–26 years) engaging with the uncertain (contested) science of a television news report about recent research into mobile phone health risks. The aim of the study was to examine these young people’s ‘accounts of scientific knowledge’ in this context. Seven groups of friends responded to the news report,

Clare Karen Christensen

2011-01-01

363

Sex Education and the News: Lessons From How Journalists Framed Virginity Pledges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis of newspaper articles about virginity pledges published from 1987 to 2001 describes prominent news frames on sex education. The articles focused on True Love Waits, a nationwide virginity pledge campaign encouraging abstinence, and results from Add Health (TLW), a longitudinal study that included questions to evaluate the effects of virginity pledges. Our results show how news frames and

Felicia E. Mebane; Eileen A. Yam; Barbara K. Rimer

2006-01-01

364

US news media coverage of tobacco control issues  

PubMed Central

Objective To characterise the relative amount and type of daily newspaper, local and national TV newscast, and national news magazine coverage of tobacco control issues in the United States in 2002 and 2003. Design Content analysis of daily newspapers, news magazines, and TV newscasts. Subjects Items about tobacco in daily newspapers, local and national TV newscasts, and three national news magazines in a nationally representative sample of 56 days of news stratified by day of week and season of the year, from 2002 and 2003. Main outcome measures Story theme, tobacco topics, sources, story prominence, story valence (orientation), and story type. Results Tobacco coverage was modest over the two?year period as estimated in our sample. Only 21 TV stories, 17 news magazine stories, and 335 daily newspaper stories were found during the two?year sampling period. Noteworthy results for the newspaper data set include the following: (1) government topics predominated coverage; (2) government action and negative health effects topics tended not to occur together in stories; (3) tobacco stories were fairly prominently placed in newspapers; (4) opinion news items tended to favour tobacco control policies, while news and feature stories were evenly split between positive and negative stories; and (5) tobacco coverage in the southeast, which is the country's major tobacco producing region, did not differ from the rest of the country. Conclusion Results suggest mixed support in news coverage for tobacco control efforts in the United States. The modest amount of news coverage of tobacco is troubling, particularly because so few news stories were found on TV, which is a more important news source for Americans than newspapers. When tobacco was covered, government themed stories, which often did not include mentions of negative health effects, were typical, suggesting that media coverage does not reinforce the reason for tobacco control efforts. However, some results were encouraging. For example, when newspapers did cover tobacco, they accorded the stories relatively high prominence, thus increasing the chance that readers would see tobacco stories when they were published.

Long, Marilee; Slater, Michael D; Lysengen, Lindsay

2006-01-01

365

Multilayer Extender Board.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A multilayer printed circuit extender board of the printed wire type adapted for use as a replacement for a typical prior art, double-sided, single layer extender board of the printed wire type which has an upper surface with a plurality of printed wires ...

M. E. Hilliard

1980-01-01

366

SMART Boards Rock  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|SMART Board is a technology that combines the functionality of a whiteboard, computer, and projector into a single system. The interactive nature of the SMART Board offers many practical uses for providing an introduction to or review of material, while the large work area invites collaboration through social interaction and communication. As a…

Giles, Rebecca M.; Shaw, Edward L.

2011-01-01

367

Communicating with Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How school board presidents view the communication behaviors of their superintendents was addressed in a doctoral dissertation by H. Steve Sprunger at Purdue University. His study examined the communication behaviors and perceived leadership strength of superintendents as perceived by board presidents. This study was conducted by sending out the…

School Administrator, 2006

2006-01-01

368

E-Boards Emerging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While trustees' ability to support their institutions in the most effective manner will always depend partly on their ability to interact and deliberate face-to-face, recent adoption of technology to facilitate board activities has enabled presidents and their boards to work smarter, save money, make better decisions, build healthier…

Johnson, Neal C.; Finkel, Edward J.

2005-01-01

369

Communicating with Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How school board presidents view the communication behaviors of their superintendents was addressed in a doctoral dissertation by H. Steve Sprunger at Purdue University. His study examined the communication behaviors and perceived leadership strength of superintendents as perceived by board presidents. This study was conducted by sending out the…

School Administrator, 2006

2006-01-01

370

75 FR 8051 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Hanford  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management Site-Specific Advisory Board (EM SSAB), Hanford (known locally as the Hanford Advisory Board [HAB]), River and Plateau, Tank Waste, Public Involvement, Health Safety and Environmental Protection and Budgets and Contracts Subcommittees....

2010-02-23

371

75 FR 6018 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Hanford  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Management Site-Specific Advisory Board (EM SSAB), Hanford (known locally as the Hanford Advisory Board [HAB]), River and Plateau, Tank Waste, Public Involvement, Health Safety and Environmental Protection and Budgets and Contracts Subcommittees....

2010-02-05

372

Board-to-board optical interconnection system using optical slots  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical optical backplane system was prepared with transmitter-receiver processing boards and an optical backplane made of polymeric-waveguide-embedded optical printed-circuit boards. As connection components between the transmitter-receiver processing boards and backplane board, optical slots were used to enable easy and repeatable insertion and extraction of the boards with micrometer precision. We report an 8-Gb\\/s data transmission between transmitter processing board

In-Kui Cho; Keun Byoung Yoon; Seung Ho Ahn; Myung Yong Jeong; Hee-Kyung Sung; Byung Ho Lee; Young Un Heo; Hyo-Hoon Park

2004-01-01

373

BBS-ONE: Bulletin board and forum system for mobile opportunistic networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic bulletin boards and forum systems are commonly used to exchange opinions, news, event notifications, documents and other media on the Internet. However, such systems usually require a central server hosting the content. Such servers cannot be installed in ad-hoc opportunistic wireless networks, which are created when mobile devices congregate to form a localized and short-lived network without Internet connectivity.

Kiwoon Sung; Suman Srinivasan; Henning Schulzrinne

2010-01-01

374

Youth and violence on local television news in California.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study explores how local television news structures the public and policy debate on youth violence. METHODS: A content analysis was performed on 214 hours of local television news from California. Each of the 1791 stories concerning youth, violence, or both was coded and analyzed for whether it included a public health perspective. RESULTS: There were five key findings. First, violence dominated local television news coverage. Second, the specifics of particular crimes dominated coverage of violence. Third, over half of the stories on youth involved violence, while more than two thirds of the violence stories concerned youth. Fourth, episodic coverage of violence was more than five times more frequent than thematic coverage, which included links to broader social factors. Finally, only one story had an explicit public health frame. CONCLUSIONS: Local television news provides extremely limited coverage of contributing etiological factors in stories on violence. If our nation's most popular source of news continues to report on violence primarily through crime stories isolated from their social context, the chance for widespread support for public health solutions to violence will be diminished.

Dorfman, L; Woodruff, K; Chavez, V; Wallack, L

1997-01-01

375

The anatomy of a news search engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, news browsing and searching is one of the most important Internet activity. This paper introduces a general framework to build a News search engine by describing Velthune, an academic News search engine available on line.

Antonio Gulli

2005-01-01

376

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2010-01-01

377

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2009-01-01

378

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2013-01-01

379

International News Bowwowing: A Trend Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concludes that the increased "borrowing" of news from foreign news agencies may not be due to the declining number of United States foreign correspondents but to Third World restrictions on access to news. (FL)|

Riffe, Daniel

1984-01-01

380

Environmental News Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Link Web site is published by Capital Reports, which was founded in 1980 by former lobbyist Brian Sturtevant and is self described as a pioneer in specialized environmental policy reporting. Offering an alternative to mainstream sites, visitors can read timely articles on some of the most important environmental news stories of the day. A few of the recent entries include stories about new toxic air emission rules, potential changes to BLM grazing regulations, and how the EPA is providing tools to improve septic system management. Although the articles are very succinct and no links are offered for additional information, those seeking quick updates will appreciate the well laid out and easily read articles.

2003-01-01

381

World Bank: News & Broadcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".

382

Geomorphology in the news  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each student must choose a current news article that relates to geomorphology. Each student will given an oral presentation about the article, including a synopsis of the story and a description of geomorphic processes that are involved. The other students are able to ask questions. The activity gives the students a chance to relate what they are learning about in class to current events and social issues. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Gasparini, Nicole

383

Botanical Electronic News (BEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic newsletter BEN contains recent news about research and researchers in botany. Produced at least once a month by Dr. A. Ceska, the focus of BEN is primarily botany in British Columbia, Canada, and the adjacent Pacific Northwest (US). The BEN homepage offers users access to all issues of BEN back to 1995 (issue 115); articles vary in depth but often include links to substantial online information, such as publications, keys, or other useful resources.

384

Contact: Releasing the news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

Pinotti, Roberto

385

Health Benefits Home  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Benefits News VA Resuming Normal Operations as Government Shutdown Ends October 17, 2013 WASHINGTON – Employees at the ... and resolve during this difficult period.” During the government shutdown, VA medical centers, clinics, and other health services ...

386

News Media Coverage of FDA Warnings on Pediatric Antidepressant Use and Suicidality  

PubMed Central

Objective In 2004, after an 18-month investigation, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) directed pharmaceutical manufacturers to add a black box warning to antidepressants regarding an increased risk of suicidality in children. It has been suggested that news media reporting played a critical role in the sharp declines in pediatric antidepressant use that occurred concurrent with this investigation. Our objective was to evaluate the quality, content and overall impression conveyed in news coverage of this issue. Methods We collected all news stories on pediatric antidepressant use and suicidality published in a convenience sample of 10 of the highest circulation print newspapers in the U.S., the three major television networks and a major cable news network in 2003 and 2004 (N=167). Two researchers coded news articles using a nine-item instrument. Item inter-rater reliability was .84 or greater. Results The quality of news reporting on key health messages included in FDA warnings was mixed. The overwhelming majority of news stories correctly described a risk of suicidality associated with pediatric antidepressant use as opposed to suicide itself. However, other key health messages highlighted in FDA warnings were often absent from news coverage. In terms of content, news stories, in particular television news, were more likely to include anecdotes of children harmed versus children helped by antidepressants while expert sources quoted were more likely to emphasize the benefits of antidepressants over their risks. However, the majority of news stories conveyed neither the overall impression that the risks of pediatric antidepressant use outweighed the benefits nor that the benefits outweighed the risks, and coverage became increasingly neutral over time. Conclusions Including key health messages in FDA safety warnings was not sufficient to ensure their communication to the public via the lay press, even though this information might have mitigated risks of pediatric antidepressant use.

Busch, Susan H.

2009-01-01

387

NewsRec, a Personal Recommendation System for News Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior of how individuals select and read news depends on the underlying media for reproduction. Today, the use of news websites is increasing. Online readers usually have to click on abstracts or headlines in order to see full articles. This kind of selection of information is less pleasant than in traditional newspapers where glancing over the whole layout of

Christian Bomhardt; Wolfgang Gaul

2004-01-01

388

Math and Statistics Bulletin Board user's guide  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Math and Statistics Bulletin Board (MSBB) is to serve as a means for distributing and exchanging software, personal computer news, and information among people at LLNL. The idea arose as a means of avoiding duplication of effort by Laboratory code developers with each other and with third-party vendors who are writing mathematical software for PCs. Because the Computing and Mathematics Research Division (CMRD) has been the major source of supported math and statistical software for the mainframes at LCC, it is natural for the Division to provide similar software for IBM PCs. As the name implies, the focus of MSBB is mathematical and statistical software for the IBM PC. To accommodate the wide interest of personal computer users, however, the service also offers a collection of programs to increase productivity (i.e., utilities).

Perra, J.J.; Seager, M.K.; Short, C.M.

1986-01-01

389

Ocean Studies Board annual report 1990  

SciTech Connect

Activities of the Ocean Studies Board fall into three broad categories: promoting the health of ocean sciences in the United States, encouraging the protection and wise use of the ocean and its resources, and applying ocean science to improve national security.

Not Available

1991-01-01

390

Ocean Studies Board annual report 1990  

SciTech Connect

Activities of the Ocean Studies Board fall into three broad categories: promoting the health of ocean sciences in the United States, encouraging the protection and wise use of the ocean and its resources, and applying ocean science to improve national security.

Not Available

1991-12-31

391

VANISHING BOARD MEETINGS: HAS GOVERNANCE DOOMED THE BOARD MEETING?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the agency framework, I test the hypotheses that boards of directors are either shareholders' or managements' agents by identifying determinants of the number of full boards of directors' meetings. Without any external requirement, boards of the UK's largest listed firms consistently choose to have fewer full board meetings and are choosing common frequencies for their meetings. My results show

Peter D. Hahn; Meziane Lasfer

392

Boards in transition.  

PubMed

In recent months, the shareholders of some of America's top companies have scrutinized the role of their boards, echoing the national trend toward greater accountability in business. A similar scenario is being played out in healthcare organizations. PMID:10120503

Hadelman, J

393

Interface Board Connector.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This patent application discloses an interface board connector that includes a plurality of individual conductive partition element seats. Each partition element seat includes four spring fingers that extend into apertures in a dielectric base plate of th...

D. H. Steinbrecher

2011-01-01

394

Microfluidic printed circuit boards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advancement in the printed circuit board (PCB) industry has enabled the production of highly sophisticated electronic substrates at high-resolution and low production cost. These boards make an ideal platform for producing microfluidic devices for lab-on-a-chip and point-of-care applications, since such devices require a high degree of integration, something that is critically lacking in current technology. We propose an alternative

Liang Li Wu; Sarkis Babikian; Guann-Pyng Li; Mark Bachman

2011-01-01

395

What Pediatric Subspecialists Need to Know About Sexual and Reproductive Health: A Review of the American Board of Pediatrics Content Outlines for Subspecialty Certifying Examinations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many adolescents with complex medical conditions regard their subspecialty providers as an important source of clinical information including sexual and reproductive health information related to their medical condition. Thus, training for pediatric subspecialty providers should include clinically relevant sexual and reproductive content. The purpose of this study is to understand what disease-relevant sexual and reproductive health information is currently included

Lisa K. Tuchman; Nadja G. Peter; Donald F. Schwarz

2008-01-01

396

News Consumption and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bias in the market for news is well-documented. Recent research in economics explains the phenomenon by assuming that consumers want to read (watch) news that is consistent with their tastes or prior beliefs rather than the truth. The present paper builds on this idea but recognizes that (i) besides “biased” consumers, there are also “conscientious” consumers whose sole interest is

Yi Xiang; Miklos Sarvary

2007-01-01

397

News Sources and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the relationship between news sources and media firms. Although empirically important, this channel for supply-driven media bias has not previously been analyzed in economics literature. We model the relationship as an informal contract based on trust and punishment, where a news source decides if and how much information to provide to a media firm. Strategic

Armando J. Garcia-Pires; Hans Jarle Kind; Lars Sørgard

2012-01-01

398

Sentiment classification for stock news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web news articles play an important role in stock market. Sentiment classification of news articles can help the investors make investment decisions more efficiently. In this paper, we implemented an approach of Chinese new words detection by using N-gram model and applied the result for Chinese word segmentation and sentiment classification. Appraisal theory was introduced into sentiment analysis and Naive

Yang Gao; Li Zhou; Yong Zhang; Chunxiao Xing; Yigang Sun; Xianzhong Zhu

2010-01-01

399

Getting Out the Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A majority of American schools are meeting the challenge of educating children. A New York State district gets out the good news by producing school newsletters and videos, by constant and close contact with the local news media, and by forming ties with local real estate agents. (MLF)|

Paciancia, David

1995-01-01

400

NEWS COVERAGE AND SUPPORT FOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens depend on information from the mass media when forming their opinion about political issues. Studies have shown that news media coverage of the EU can affect general and policy-specific support for European integration. Extant research has focused on individual-level analyses at specific points in time. The present study considers whether the visibility and the framing of EU news coverage

Rens Vliegenthart; Andreas R. T. Schuck; Hajo G. Boomgaarden; Claes H. De Vreese

401

Automatic Parsing of News Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video content parsing is possible when one has an a priori model of a video's structure based on domain knowledge. This paper presents work on using domain knowledge to parse content of news video programs. Approaches to locating and identifying frame structure models based on temporal and spatial structure of news video data, along with algorithms to apply these models

Hongjiang Zhang; Yihong Gong; Stephen W. Smoliar; Shuang Yeo Tan

1994-01-01

402

Making Youths Happy News Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Based on the uses and gratifications theory and the Delphi technique, this study did an in-depth investigation among,28 college and high school students on youths’ rationales behind their news consumption behavior. The study concludes that, in years to come, the news industry needs to realize a

Edgar Huang

403

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)

Science News, 1981

1981-01-01

404

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)

Science News, 1989

1989-01-01

405

SSRI'S and other antidepressant use during pregnancy and potential neonatal adverse effects: Impact of a public health advisory and subsequent reports in the news media  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: On Aug 9th 2004 Health Canada released an advisory, which followed a similar one from the FDA regarding the use of SSRI's and other antidepressants during pregnancy and potential adverse effects on newborns. In neither advisory was it stated that women should discontinue their antidepressant. In the seven days following the release of this advisory, The Motherisk Program received

Adrienne Einarson; A.-M. Schachtschneider; R. Halil; E. Bollano; G. Koren

2005-01-01

406

Media Coverage of Public Health Epidemics: Linking Framing and Issue Attention Cycle Toward an Integrated Theory of Print News Coverage of Epidemics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using framing and issue attention cycle as theoretical frameworks, this study examined how print media frame public health epidemics, such as mad cow disease, West Nile virus, and avian flu. We found that “action” and “consequence” were the two frames journalists employed consistently to construct stories about epidemics in the New York Times, the newspaper used for this case study.

Tsung-Jen Shih; Rosalyna Wijaya; Dominique Brossard

2008-01-01

407

International News Flows in the Post-Cold War World: Mapping the News and the News Producers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the global political environment, major global news providers, and technologies of global news production. Argues for a multinational comparative mapping of international news representation in the 1990s. Outlines a major international venture to update and elaborate the 1979 UNESCO/IAMCR study of foreign news in the media of 29…

Sreberny-Mohammadi, Annabelle

1995-01-01

408

When Pictures Waste a Thousand Words: Analysis of the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic on Television News  

PubMed Central

Objectives Effective communication by public health agencies during a pandemic promotes the adoption of recommended health behaviours. However, more information is not always the solution. Rather, attention must be paid to how information is communicated. Our study examines the television news, which combines video and audio content. We analyse (1) the content of television news about the H1N1 pandemic and vaccination campaign in Alberta, Canada; (2) the extent to which television news content conveyed key public health agency messages; (3) the extent of discrepancies in audio versus visual content. Methods We searched for “swine flu” and “H1N1” in local English news broadcasts from the CTV online video archive. We coded the audio and visual content of 47 news clips during the peak period of coverage from April to November 2009 and identified discrepancies between audio and visual content. Results The dominant themes on CTV news were the vaccination rollout, vaccine shortages, long line-ups (queues) at vaccination clinics and defensive responses by public health officials. There were discrepancies in the priority groups identified by the provincial health agency (Alberta Health and Wellness) and television news coverage as well as discrepancies between audio and visual content of news clips. Public health officials were presented in official settings rather than as public health practitioners. Conclusion The news footage did not match the main public health messages about risk levels and priority groups. Public health agencies lost control of their message as the media focused on failures in the rollout of the vaccination campaign. Spokespeople can enhance their local credibility by emphasizing their role as public health practitioners. Public health agencies need to learn from the H1N1 pandemic so that future television communications do not add to public confusion, demonstrate bureaucratic ineffectiveness and contribute to low vaccination rates.

Luth, Westerly; Jardine, Cindy; Bubela, Tania

2013-01-01

409

School Boards: Emerging Governance Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governance role of school boards is not new. Local school boards have governed education in Canada since the 19th century. However, significant forces are impacting on school boards and how they enact their roles and responsibilities. In this article, the authors want to look at the growing pressures on school boards, to actively acknowledge…

Bradshaw, Patricia; Osborne, Rachel

2010-01-01

410

The News Hour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An activity that I successfully used twice in teaching Active Tectonics is one I call "The News Hour," patterned after the PBS New Hour. I generated the idea out of concern that active tectonics sets of class readings are so broad, diverse, and and voluminous that it can be intimidating both for students and faculty to think about how best to prepare for a given class. I concluded that one way to achieve context is to set up a brief dialogue that removes 'geospeak' and centers a focus on societal implications of active tectonic phenomena. ACTIVE TECTONICS, SOCIETY, EARTHQUAKES, MEDIA

Davis, George

411

Internet Archive: TV News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Archive has created this very ambitious project to bring together over 371,000 news broadcasts of various origins since 2009. Students of communications, media, and related fields will find much to revel in here. Visitors can search all of the captions from each program on the homepage or look at the Recent Extracted Topics word cloud. Not surprisingly, some of the popular words here include "Technology," "Energy," "Defense," and "Environment." Visitors can fine-tune their search by looking for certain programs on select networks in order to get a better sense of different programming styles and nuances.

2012-01-01

412

News@SEI Interactive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University publishes an online quarterly journal called news@sei interactive. The columns and features of the latest installment can be viewed online or downloaded as an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file. Of particular interest in this issue is the continuation of The Future of Software Engineering, a series of articles that considers industry trends and changes in technology. Another column examines overall Internet security and the risks inherent in doing business online. An archive on the site provides access to all previous issues of the journal, dating back to 1998.

2002-01-01

413

4 CFR 27.1 - The Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BOARD; ORGANIZATION § 27.1 The Board. The Government Accountability Office Personnel Appeals Board, hereinafter the Board, is composed of five members...designate a panel of its members or an individual Board member to take any...

2011-01-01

414

[Proposal for a media guideline to improve medical and health journalism].  

PubMed

A lot of healthcare professionals experienced annoyance with biased mass media news regarding medical and health issues. In this paper, I propose "news profiling method" and "media guideline" to improve the medical and health journalism. PMID:22687690

Kojima, Masami

2012-01-01

415

International News and Borrowed News in the New York Times: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis shows the number of international news items in the New York Times has decreased over the last 22 years. Roughly one in five items contained second-hand or borrowed news (material first disseminated by and attributed to another news organization), though trend analysis indicates increasing news borrowing. Borrowed news was most common in items from Second World (Communist)

Daniel Riffe; Charles F. Aust; Rhonda J. Gibson; Elizabeth K. Viall; Huiuk Yi

1993-01-01

416

A model for the translation of news agency texts (Sapa) for radio (OFM) news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio news differs from news provided by other media. According to Oosthuizen (1996), radio is an alerting medium. Leiter, Harriss and Johnson (2000) refer to this attribute as immediacy. The time available to news is very limited and this is why radio news stories are condensed into only a few sentences. Furthermore, news for broadcast is written in a conversational

Marlie van Rooyen; Jacobus A Naudé

2009-01-01

417

SCIENCE BOARD TO THE FDA Monday, May 18,2009 ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Science Board commented upon the importance of vaccines development, the timing of vaccine distribution, and related global health activities led ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

418

February 27, 2013: Science Board to the Food and Drug ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... On February 27, 2013, the Science Board will be provided with ... Progress updates will be presented regarding the Global Health subcommittee and ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/calendar

419

42 CFR 409.11 - Bed and board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Inpatient Hospital Services and Inpatient Critical Access Hospital Services § 409.11 Bed and board. (a) Semiprivate and ward accommodations. Except for...

2012-10-01

420

75 FR 5767 - Veterans' Advisory Board on Dose Reconstruction; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board. After introductions, the following briefings will be presented: ``Veterans Health Administration Procedures and the Ionizing Radiation Registry'' by Victoria Cassano, M.D.; ``Discussion on: Projecting Future Operations of VBDR at the...

2010-02-04

421

Orphan Products Board: Annual Reports 1988 and 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document combines the sixth and seventh annual reports on the status of orphan product development as coordinated within the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) by the Orphan Products Board (OPB). The Orphan Drug Act established the Orphan ...

J. V. Kelsey

1990-01-01

422

45 CFR 50.2 - Exchange Visitor Waiver Review Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...two alternates, of whom no fewer than three will consider any particular application. The Director of the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the Secretary, is an ex officio member of the Board and serves as its Chairman. The...

2012-10-01

423

45 CFR 50.2 - Exchange Visitor Waiver Review Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...two alternates, of whom no fewer than three will consider any particular application. The Director of the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the Secretary, is an ex officio member of the Board and serves as its Chairman. The...

2011-10-01

424

45 CFR 50.2 - Exchange Visitor Waiver Review Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...two alternates, of whom no fewer than three will consider any particular application. The Director of the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the Secretary, is an ex officio member of the Board and serves as its Chairman. The...

2009-10-01

425

45 CFR 50.2 - Exchange Visitor Waiver Review Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...two alternates, of whom no fewer than three will consider any particular application. The Director of the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the Secretary, is an ex officio member of the Board and serves as its Chairman. The...

2010-10-01

426

Drug Safety Oversight Board - Volume 2, Number 3, 2009  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The Board specifically addressed meta-analysis performed by academia and other health care organizations where the results identified a new ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugsafetynewsletter

427

A Squatter on the Fourth Estate: Google News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buoyed by its brand name, Google News has grown from its beta stage into a popular news site with a significant share of the Internet market for “Current Events and Global News.” The success of Google News raises questions about the nature of news and even the desirability of Google's presenting news. Where does Google News fit into the myriad

Jim Galbraith

2008-01-01

428

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The board considers technical and policy issues pertaining to computer science, telecommunications, and associated technologies. Functions of the board include the following: providing a base of expertise for these fields in NRC, monitoring and promoting health of these fields, initiating studies of these fields as critical resources and sources of national economic strength, responding to requests for advice, and fostering interaction among the technologies and the other pure and applied science and technology. This document describes its major accomplishments, current programs, other sponsored activities, cooperative ventures, and plans and prospects.

Blumenthal, M. S.

1993-02-01

429

News in the age of the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most exciting and successful examples of the Web impacting society is online news. The history of the news industry from print to the online medium is an interesting journey. Broadcast news transformed society by making news available instantly rather than once a day. While more channels became available, barriers to entry remained high and mainstream opinions continued

Krishna Bharat

2005-01-01

430

The Diffusion of "Shocking" Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…

Haroldsen, Edwin O.; Harvey, Kenneth

1979-01-01

431

Routines and the making of oppositional news  

Microsoft Academic Search

This participant observation study takes a critical look at the idea of “news routines.” By looking at a politically oppositional news room, it is possible to sort through the elements of production to discover just which ones make this radio station's news “oppositional.” Some scholars say that news routines, like the need to show balance or to report events instead

Nina Eliasoph

1988-01-01

432

Trading Strategies To Exploit News Sentiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use quantitative news data generated by a large-scale natural language processing (NLP) news analysis system to perform a comprehensive study on how a company's re- ported news frequency, sentiment polarity and subjectivity anticipates or reflects its stock trading volumes and finan- cial returns. Our analysis provides concrete evidence that news data is highly informative, as previously suggested in the

Wenbin Zhang; Steven Skiena

433

Media deregulation and the online news market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preservation of a diverse news market has been one of the longstanding motivations behind media ownership limitations. Without the checks and balances provided by competition, owner interests may unduly influence the news. The vibrant online news community, which includes thousands of news sites representing a wide range of political viewpoints, has recently been cited as one of the reasons

R. Kelly Garrett

434

42 CFR 498.76 - Removal of hearing to Departmental Appeals Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01... Section 498.76 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED...time before the ALJ receives oral testimony, the Board...

2011-10-01

435

78 FR 64503 - Subcommittee for Dose Reconstruction Reviews (SDRR), Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH or...Institute for Occupational Safety and...Employees Occupational Illness Compensation...Department of Health and Human...exposed to radiation but for...

2013-10-29

436

The AGU Board of Heads and Chairs: Past and Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary objective of the AGU Board of Heads and Chairs is to be a conduit for interactions of AGU with the many universities and colleges involved in geosciences education and research. The Board also provides a forum for discussing key issues being faced by Earth and space science departments. From a historical perspective, the Board of Heads and Chairs has been a venue, through various meetings over the last two decades, for bringing together Heads and Chairs of such departments solutions; discuss and critically evaluate new instruments, facilities, tools, and methodologies; come together on important issues that transcend their own science such as the need for increased computing capacity; develop ways to increase women and minorities numbers in the field and deal with their issues in an equitable manner; discuss news ways to teach, introduction of new courses, establishment of new programs and degrees to fill the community's needs; and broaden their horizons, think in truly interdisciplinary ways and, return to their institutions with increased vigor and new ideas. We are looking to expand the role of the Board for the future, particularly towards being more proactive as a clearinghouse or "point of contact" for helping the represented universities and colleges. This presentation looks at what has been done and the direction of future activities of the Board.

Wuebbles, D. J.; Bierly, E. W.

2005-12-01

437

Galton Board Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Galton board is a vertical board with n rows of pegs onto which a ball is dropped. Each time a ball hits a peg, it has a probability p of bouncing to the left and a probability of 1-p of bouncing to the right. The simulation's histogram shows the distribution of x-coordinates as the balls leave the board and are collected into bins. The simulation gives rise to the binomial distribution if the probabilities of left and right bounces are equal. At first there does not seem to be any pattern but after many trials the familiar "bell curve" shape begins to emerge. The Galton Board model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_stp_GaltonBoard.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for statistical and thermal physics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2009-02-24

438

Changing news: re-adjusting science studies to online newspapers.  

PubMed

With the newspapers' recent move to online reporting, traditional norms and practices of news reporting have changed to accommodate the new realities of online news writing. In particular, online news is much more fluid and prone to change in content than the traditional hard-copy newspapers--online newspaper articles often change over the course of the following days or even weeks as they respond to criticisms and new information becoming available. This poses a problem for social scientists who analyse newspaper coverage of science, health and risk topics, because it is no longer clear who has read and written what version, and what impact they potentially had on the national debates on these topics. In this note I want to briefly flag up this problem through two recent examples of U.K. national science stories and discuss the potential implications for PUS media research. PMID:22397084

Riesch, Hauke

2011-11-01

439

Currency Boards and Dollarization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A specialist in monetary policy and exchange-rate issues, Kurt Schuler provides information on the currency board system, dollarization, and related topics at his Currency Board homepage. Most texts are authored by Dr. Schuler, but a contribution from Juan Luis Moreno-Villalaz, PhD, Ministerio de Planificacion, Panama on the monetary experience of Panama and excerpts from the book La Segunda Muerte de Bolivar y el Renacer de Venezuela by Jose Cordeir (in Spanish) contribute additional view-points. A bibliography of further reading annotated with contact information and links to publishers and other monetary research locations completes the site.

440

SSRI'S and other antidepressant use during pregnancy and potential neonatal adverse effects: Impact of a public health advisory and subsequent reports in the news media  

PubMed Central

Background On Aug 9th 2004 Health Canada released an advisory, which followed a similar one from the FDA regarding the use of SSRI's and other antidepressants during pregnancy and potential adverse effects on newborns. In neither advisory was it stated that women should discontinue their antidepressant. In the seven days following the release of this advisory, The Motherisk Program received 49 calls from anxious women in response to the media reporting of this information. Objective To examine the impact of the advisory and subsequent reporting in the media, on the decision-making of women, currently taking an antidepressant, who called The Motherisk Program after becoming aware of this information. Methods We attempted to follow up all the women who had called us who were alarmed by this advisory and asked them to complete a specially designed questionnaire. Results We were able to complete 43/49 (88%) follow-ups of the women who contacted us. All of the callers reported that the messages in the media caused a great deal of anxiety. Seven misunderstood the advisory, ie their children were more than 1 year old, five had discontinued their antidepressant (3 abruptly (2 later restarted after speaking with Motherisk counsellors)and 2 with some form of tapering off) and(6) were considering discontinuation, but decided to continue following reassurance from Motherisk Conclusion Medical information regarding fetal and infant safety, disseminated in the public domain, should be transferred in a way that does not influence a pregnant woman to make decisions that may not be in the best interest of hers or her child's health.

Einarson, A; Schachtschneider, AK; Halil, R; Bollano, E; Koren, G

2005-01-01

441

Philosophy News Service (PNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Updated daily, this site offers links to online philosophy news and articles from a variety of sources, though most seem to be located in the US or Australia. Recent items included pieces on the ethics of Kosovo, philosophical counseling, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said, an audio symposium on "Genes, Genesis, and God," and several notices of professional interest. Additional features at the site include PhilosophEye, a special essay with related links offering "philosophical perspectives on matters of public interest," a philosophy calendar, a Question of the Week with posted responses, and related links. The PNS also hosts a mailing list, PNS-List, which shares research and professional announcements for philosophers and philosophy students.

1999-01-01

442

7 CFR 1250.304 - Egg Board or Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Egg Board or Board. 1250.304 Section 1250.304...MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Egg Research and Promotion Order Definitions §...

2012-01-01

443

7 CFR 1250.304 - Egg Board or Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Egg Board or Board. 1250.304 Section 1250.304...MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Egg Research and Promotion Order Definitions §...

2013-01-01

444

Are we there yet? The state of the evidence base for guidelines on breaking bad news to cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way clinicians break bad news to cancer patients has been retrospectively associated with poor psychosocial outcomes for patients. Education and practice in breaking bad news may be ineffective for improving patients’ well-being unless it is informed by a sound evidence base. In the health field, research efforts are expected to advance evidence over time to inform evidence-based practice. Key

C. L. Paul; T. Clinton-McHarg; R. W. Sanson-Fisher; H. Douglas; G. Webb

2009-01-01

445

Reporting on Social Marketing Issues - A News Media Analysis Donna Louise Gill, Michelle Mattinson, Curtin University of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores online news media reporting through automated web content analysis to determine the prevalence and attitudes of social marketing issues across various countries. Results showed that Education and Work was the most commonly reported on category followed by Health Services, Family Planning, Environment, Crime and Justice and Road Safety. News media reporting in South Africa was particularly strong

Arno Scharl

446

TV Producer Juggles Daily News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brennan discusses the daily activities required in the production of a television news show. In "The Not-So-Glamorous Life of a TV Reporter," Linda Yu describes the time and effort required to become a television reporter. (LS)|

Brennan, Bill

1989-01-01

447

Microbial Control News - November 2011  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is the first of a column in the Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. Entitled "Microbial Control News" this article summarizes regulatory actions in the U.S. and Canada regarding microbial insect pest control agents....

448

Good News About Childhood Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Good News About Childhood Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents ... 85 percent for the most common form of childhood cancer (acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL). During the ...

449

Increasing Learning from TV News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an experiment that manipulated two variables, repetition and pausing for viewer "digestion" of information in a news telecast. Concludes that the use of repetition increased viewers' retention of information, but that pauses did not. (FL)|

Perloff, Richard M.; And Others

1982-01-01

450

Breaking the News or Fueling the Epidemic? Temporal Association between News Media Report Volume and Opioid-Related Mortality  

PubMed Central

Background Historical studies of news media have suggested an association between reporting and increased drug abuse. Period effects for substance use have been documented for different classes of legal and illicit substances, with the suspicion that media publicity may have played major roles in their emergence. Previous analyses have drawn primarily from qualitative evidence; the temporal relationship between media reporting volume and adverse health consequences has not been quantified nationally. We set out to explore whether we could find a quantitative relationship between media reports about prescription opioid abuse and overdose mortality associated with these drugs. We assessed whether increases in news media reports occurred before or after increases in overdose deaths. Methodology/Principal Findings Our ecological study compared a monthly time series of unintentional poisoning deaths involving short-acting prescription opioid substances, from 1999 to 2005 using multiple cause-of-death data published by the National Center for Health Statistics, to monthly counts of English-language news articles mentioning generic and branded names of prescription opioids obtained from Google News Archives from 1999 to 2005. We estimated the association between media volume and mortality rates by time-lagged regression analyses. There were 24,272 articles and 30,916 deaths involving prescription opioids during the seven-year study period. Nationally, the number of articles mentioning prescription opioids increased dramatically starting in early 2001, following prominent coverage about the nonmedical use of OxyContin. We found a significant association between news reports and deaths, with media reporting preceding fatal opioid poisonings by two to six months and explaining 88% (p<0.0001, df 78) of the variation in mortality. Conclusions/Significance While availability, structural, and individual predispositions are key factors influencing substance use, news reporting may enhance the popularity of psychoactive substances. Albeit ecological in nature, our finding suggests the need for further evaluation of the influence of news media on health. Reporting on prescription opioids conforms to historical patterns of news reporting on other psychoactive substances.

Dasgupta, Nabarun; Mandl, Kenneth D.; Brownstein, John S.

2009-01-01

451

Make a Circuit Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners make a circuit board that has questions and answers. When the correct answer is chosen for a question, a circuit is completed and a light illuminates. Use this activity to introduce learners to circuits and conductive materials. Safety note: battery can become hot when wires are attached to it, so adult supervision is recommended.

Museum Of Science And Industry, Chicago

2012-01-01

452

NEAT: News Exploration Along Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There are a number of efforts towards building applications that leverage temporal information in documents. The demonstration\\u000a of our NEAT (News Exploration Along Time) prototype system that we propose here, is an attempt towards building an intuitive\\u000a and exploratory interface for search results over large news archives using timelines. The demonstration uses the New York\\u000a Times Annotated Corpus as an

Omar Alonso; Klaus Berberich; Srikanta J. Bedathur; Gerhard Weikum

2010-01-01

453

7 CFR 1215.2 - Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information...1215.2 Board. Board means the Popcorn Board established under section...

2012-01-01

454

7 CFR 1215.2 - Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information...1215.2 Board. Board means the Popcorn Board established under section...

2013-01-01

455

76 FR 21877 - Environmental Management Advisory Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Environmental Management Advisory Board AGENCY...for appointment to the Environmental Management Advisory Board...for membership on the Environmental Management Advisory Board....

2011-04-19

456

77 FR 15091 - Environmental Management Advisory Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Environmental Management Advisory Board AGENCY...Appointment as a member of the Environmental Management Advisory Board...fill vacancies on the Environmental Management Advisory Board...

2012-03-14

457

7 CFR 1210.304 - Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions...304 Board. Board means the National Watermelon Promotion Board, hereinafter established...

2013-01-01

458

The Board's Role in Fund-Raising. Board Basics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fund-raising is one of a board's most basic and important responsibilities. Virtually all higher education institutions seek private support, and virtually all institutional leaders call upon key volunteers--including members of governing boards, public institution foundation boards, and advisory councils in many institutions--to give generously…

Legon, Richard D.

2003-01-01

459

The Independent Payment Advisory Board.  

PubMed

The Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB) is a vastly powerful component of the president's health care reform law, with authority to issue recommendations to reduce the growth in Medicare spending, providing recommendations to be considered by Congress and implemented by the administration on a fast track basis. Ever since its inception, IPAB has been one of the most controversial issues of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), even though the powers of IPAB are restricted and multiple sectors of health care have been protected in the law. IPAB works by recommending policies to Congress to help Medicare provide better care at a lower cost, which would include ideas on coordinating care, getting rid of waste in the system, providing incentives for best practices, and prioritizing primary care. Congress then has the power to accept or reject these recommendations. However, Congress faces extreme limitations, either to enact policies that achieve equivalent savings, or let the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) follow IPAB's recommendations. IPAB has strong supporters and opponents, leading to arguments in favor of or against to the extreme of introducing legislation to repeal IPAB. The origins of IPAB are found in the ideology of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the impetus of exploring health care costs, even though IPAB's authority seems to be limited to Medicare only. The structure and operation of IPAB differs from Medicare and has been called the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) on steroids. The board membership consists of 15 full-time members appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate with options for recess appointments. The IPAB statute sets target growth rates for Medicare spending. The applicable percent for maximum savings appears to be 0.5% for year 2015, 1% for 2016, 1.25% for 2017, and 1.5% for 2018 and later. The IPAB Medicare proposal process involves mandatory recommendations and advisory recommendations with multiple reporting requirements. However, although IPAB has been described as having limited authority, some believe that it has unlimited authority due to the lack of judicial review and the requirement of two-thirds of the Congress to override any recommendations by IPAB. PMID:21785484

Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Falco, Frank J E; Singh, Vijay; Benyamin, Ramsin M; Hirsch, Joshua A

460

Geophones on a board  

SciTech Connect

The authors examined the feasibility of using seismic reflections to image the upper 10 m of the earth`s surface quickly and effectively by rigidly attaching geophones to a wooden board at 5-cm intervals. The shallow seismic reflection information obtained was equivalent to control-test data gathered using classic, single-geophone plants with identical 5-cm intervals. Tests were conducted using both a .22-caliber rifle source and a 30.06-rifle source. In both cases, the results were unexpected: in response to the use of small, high-resolution seismic sources at offsets of a few meters, the authors found little intergeophone interference that could be attributed to the presence of the board. Furthermore, they noted very little difference in a 60-ms intra-alluvial reflection obtained using standard geophone plants versus that obtained using board-mounted geophones. For both sources, amplitude spectra were nearly identical for data gathered with and without the board. With the 30.06 source, filtering at high-frequency passbands revealed a wave mode of unknown origin that appears to be related to the presence of the board; however, this mode did not interfere with the usefulness of the shallow-reflection data. The results of these experiments suggest that deploying large numbers of closely spaced geophones simultaneously--perhaps even automatically--is possible. Should this method of planting geophones prove practical after further testing, the cost-effectiveness of very shallow seismic reflection imaging may be enhanced. The technique also may be useful at greater reflector depths in situations employing bunched geophones. However, this approach may not be applicable in all circumstances because larger energy sources may induce interference between the geophones and produce undesirable modes of motion within the medium holding the geophones.

Steeples, D.W.; Baker, G.S.; Schmeissner, C.; Macy, B.K. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Geology

1999-05-01

461

GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH NEWS #16: POTENTIAL HEALTH IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE FOR THE UNITED STATES, EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE REPORT OF THE HEALTH SECTOR OF THE U.S. NATIONAL ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The health sector assessment was sponsored by and conducted in partnership with EPA's Global Change Research Program. The report was produced by a Health Sector Work Group, co-chaired by Dr. Jonathan Patz (Johns Hopkins University) and Dr. Michael McGeehin (CDC), and this report ...

462

A Simplified Multilayer Circuit Board.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A multilayer printed circuit board is disclosed having appropriate ground and voltage planes. The multi-layer printed circuit board includes a mounting plane, a plurality of dielectric sheets stacked upon the mounting plane, a plurality of conductive shee...

B. W. Patz

1980-01-01

463

Hands-On Bulletin Boards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterns and directions are given for making bulletin boards that teach language arts and mathematics skills through hands-on student involvement. The boards help teach multiplication tables, word contractions, letter sounds, homonyms, compound words, alphabetization, and other skills. (PP)

Henneman, Dawn

1984-01-01

464

Heavy viewing: emergent frames in contemporary news coverage of obesity.  

PubMed

In the last 10 years, rising rates of obesity in the United States have drawn significant and increasing public attention from various quarters, which has led to commensurately increased news coverage of the issue. A handful of scholars to date have examined how obesity has been "framed" in the news, given that news framing of issues has proven effects on cultural and political attitudes, practices, and policies as regards the subject of coverage. Consistent with these studies, this qualitative framing analysis assesses how obesity is framed in more recent mainstream news coverage. Framing patterns identified in this analysis represent a notable departure from those identified in earlier studies, specifically as relevant to troubling the individual/environmental attribution binary that historically has characterized public discourse around obesity, in particular, and health more broadly. These findings signal important shifts for contemporary cultural attitudes toward obesity and, accordingly, public health policies designed to redress the issue. Further, the findings suggest a reconsideration and elaboration of established tenets of framing theory. PMID:21541866

Shugart, Helene A

2011-06-24

465

News media tracking of tobacco control: a review of sampling methodologies.  

PubMed

News media tracking can be used to understand the content of news coverage and quantify its influence on public opinion and the social environment. We hypothesize that a parsimonious sampling of public health news coverage can gather statistically equivalent information to capture a census of coverage. We tested two general approaches to sampling. First, we randomly selected articles within a timeframe. Second, we randomly selected dates during 2000. None of these strategies showed a substantial deviation from the 2000 census of articles. We conclude that sampling coverage can produce estimates statistically equivalent to a census. Researchers should utilize coverage sampling. PMID:16199385

Evans, W Douglas; Ulasevich, Alec

466

Profile: Uses and values for news on cable television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cable subscribers who are regular users of television news indicated that broadcast stations were the dominant source of news across all dayparts. Cable news dependent subscribers were more likely than broadcast news dependent subscribers to use cable news on a regular basis and tune to cable in a national crisis. They were younger, compared cable news more favorably to broadcast

Thomas F. Baldwin; Marianne Barrett; Benjamin Bates

1992-01-01

467

Oppositional Readings of Network Television News: Viewer Deconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an empirical study regarding deconstruction by network television news viewers. We define news deconstruction as the identification and criticism of ideology in news by its viewers. Twelve viewers were given surveys about the news, shown videotapes of NBC news, and asked to fill out cognitive response forms during viewing. We explained our studies of news deconstruction and

Kenneth L. Hacker; Tara G. Coste; Daniel F. Kamm; Carl R. Bybee

1991-01-01

468

National Peanut Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those with an interest in peanuts, the National Peanut Board Web site will provide a host of information on this well-known legume. The site has different themed sections dealing with the history of the peanut, and continue on to give a detailed explanation of the production process involved with turning peanuts into a host of products. Additionally, the extensive research and promotion activities of the National Peanut Board are detailed on the site. A map shows the primary peanut growing regions on the United States and a cookbook offers a multitude of ways to use peanuts in different dishes. Perhaps the most interesting part of the site is a section offering a range of facts on the peanut and its uses throughout the world.

2000-01-01

469

Modular board game apparatus  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A modular board game apparatus has a segmental playing surface comprising pairs of segments which are variously configured to provides a surface whose shape and playing area may be changed according to the requirements of a particular game. The segments facilitate versions of games normally only played between two players (such as chess and draughts) to be played by two, three or four people (Configurations II, III and IV). The board shapes described are each proportional in area to the number of players, are symmetrical, and may be variously patterned (6,7). A preferred embodiment comprising eight quadrilateral segments (3) that may be arranged in differing orientations, assembled and secured about a central point by means of a restraining ring (2) is illustrated. Segment sets comprising variously shaped segments of differing thickness can be assembled to simulate undulating terrain.

Stanton; Jaan Peter Charles (Norwich, GB)

2004-05-18

470

2006 Public Health Advisories  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Diastat AcuDial (3/30/2006). Sepsis and medical abortion with mifepristone (Mifeprex) (3/17/2006). ... FDA News Public Health Advisory (1/11/2006). -. - ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

471

Building the Jobs Board  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, I am going to cover the building of the jobs board for the RMX, starting with setting up the Drupal side\\u000a and then shifting quickly to building the Flex interface. I will discuss retrieving records from a Drupal data source and\\u000a displaying those records in a Flex-powered interface, and end with reviewing how I built the view

Omar Gonzalez

472

AGU Establishes Development Board  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 21st century has already brought rapid change. Your scientific society, AGU, and society-at-large face new challenges. These challenges range from opening up access to scientific publications to the potential impact of international terrorism on attendance at scientific meetings around the world. Such challenges and their implications for AGU's mission require strengthening the Union's financial resources. The establishment of a Development Board is the first step on this path.

Austin, James A., Jr.; Killeen, Timothy L.; Spilhaus, Fred

2005-03-01

473

Arousing News Characteristics in Dutch Television News 1990–2004: An Exploration of Competitive Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the processes by which competition in the television news market might promote the presence of arousing characteristics in television news. A total of 3,024 news stories from six Dutch television news programs over the period 1990 to 2004 were investigated through content analysis. The findings of the study show overall increases in all 6 arousing characteristics. The

Paul Hendriks Vettehen; Johannes Beentjes; Koos Nuijten; Allerd Peeters

2010-01-01

474

Using the internet for news and perceptions of news organization bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal perceptions of news organization bias among people who use the internet. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this study were drawn from the Pew Research Center June 2005 News Interest Index. Respondents were asked if news organizations were politically biased in their reporting. Another question asked respondents if news organizations had a

Thomas B. Christie

2009-01-01

475

A knowledge visualization model for evaluating Internet news agencies on conflicting news  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the Internet, the news agencies have published news on their websites for the internet readers. This improvement enables Internet readers to access news easily and also to gain information and knowledge in real time manner. Since there are many online news agencies and online newspapers, readers generally have difficulty to decide which newspaper or agency provides

I. T. Medeni; S. Peker; M. E. Uyar

2011-01-01

476

Antarctic news clips - 1992  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or refers to Antarctica in some way - whether it is focused on the science done there, or on the people who play such a large part in the work accomplished, or on the issues related to it. No attempt has been made to correlate the number of articles, or their length, with the importance of the subjects treated. Clippings are provided to the Foundation by a service that searches for items containing the phrase 'National Science Foundation'. Identical versions of many stories, especially those written and distributed by wire services such as the Associated Press and United Press International, and by syndicated columnists, are published in numerous papers across the United States. Other articles are submitted from a variety of sources, including interested readers across the United States and in New Zealand.

1992-07-01

477

When Do Women Get a Voice? Explaining the Presence of Female News Sources in Belgian News Broadcasts (2003—5)  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade now, it has been demonstrated that female news sources receive little attention in television news. Usually women account for no more than 20—25 percent of total time devoted to people speaking in the news. This article assesses when exactly female news sources are depicted in the news, using a dataset of 25,896 news items and

Knut De Swert; Marc Hooghe

2010-01-01

478

Are the News Media Providing Adequate Information about Medical Computing? A Panel Discussion  

PubMed Central

In theory, the news media covering medical computing discover and report in a timely and accurate manner every significant new development in the application of information technology to health care. In practice, news coverage falls short of the theoretical ideal. What are the systematic factors that limit the scope and depth of coverage of new developments by the media? What are realistic expectations of what the media can do?

Heffernan, Henry G.; Golin, Milton; Grams, Ralph R.; Nathanson, Michael

1983-01-01

479

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources. A catalog of those sites on the Internet that provide significant business and economic news on a daily basis, without charge. Includes publications organized by geographic regions around the world.

1995-01-01

480

A call for board leadership on quality in hospitals.  

PubMed

A national agenda for health care quality is unfolding but there is concern about inadequate progress on improving quality in hospitals. The 2003 Institute of Medicine report calls for transformational leadership in health care organizations to change systems and processes underlying quality. The key question is: Who will provide leadership in hospitals? A natural choice is the board of trustees on account of its legal responsibility for quality and its authority over medical staff and administration. This article describes several barriers to board leadership on quality and suggests strategies by which boards can lead the campaign for quality. Barriers include trustee ignorance, trustee insecurity, board inattention, poor board-physician communication, fragmented information on quality, traditional medical staff structure, lack of professional management of quality, and lack of investment. Strategies for hospital board leadership should include preparing to lead, self-education, visible participation in quality activities, activism, role clarification, increased informal dialogue with physicians, medical staff reform, creation of a quality management department, instituting high-quality standards, and external quality audit. Boards face a historic opportunity to transform hospital quality backed by a strong legal mandate. PMID:15739579

Gautam, Kanak S

481

News in Brief News in Brief  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NSFC Delegation Visits Russia NSFC President Visits UNEP and ICRAF Professor Chen Yiyu, NSFC President Visits South Africa Evaluation results for applications to the National Natural Science Fund Programs in 2009 Released ---- 17,858 proposals approved, 72,964 declined Prof. Shen Meets Guests from the Netherlands The 12th Joint Committee Meeting of the Sino-German Center Held in Germany NSFC-CIHR Workshop on Health Sciences held in Beijing President Chen Yiyu Meets with Dr. Alain Beaudet NFSC-FRSQ Joint Workshop on Genomics Held in Beijing President Chen Meets with Dr. Fidel Castro Diaz-Balart NSFC Vice President Attends the 13th U.S.-China Joint Commission Meeting on Science and Technology Cooperation DFG Secretary General Visits NSFC NSFC Vice President Attended the 3rd ASIAHORCs Meeting NSFC Vive President Visits Cuba and Canada NSFC Vice President Attends Second China-Thailand Joint Workshop Top Ten Events in China's Basic Research in 2009 Unveiled NSFC-RGC Funded Research Won IEEE Marconi Prize Paper Award

2009-04-01

482

FindLaw Legal News and Commentary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FindLaw (discussed in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this legal news section to its arsenal of law resources. Daily news feeds from Reuters are available in fourteen categories at this time, ranging from telecommunications to US Justice Department to various types of litigation news. There is a searchable archive, and email updates are available. This is an effective, one-stop shopping site featuring descriptive stories about the legal news of the day.

1994-01-01

483

Trial State Boards as a teaching technique.  

PubMed

Trial State Boards call upon the dental hygiene student to pull together all the skills and knowledge accumulated during the course of studies before facing the actual Board of Dental Examiners. It has been the experience of many in the field of dental hygiene education that the anxiety created in a testing situation is largely a result of unknowns. At the Ohio State University, the Trial State Board is viewed as an effective means of eliminating some of the anxiety (by eliminating some of the unknowns) and thereby of helping the student to be more relaxed and to emerge with a more accurate evaluation of his or her abilities in terms of taking the licensing examination. Although this process is time consuming, the results seem well worth the time. For the clinical faculty the review by dentists, who do not normally see the students in the clinic, is of great value. Once the testing is over and the dentists have completed their evaluations and comments, these are reviewed by the members of the clinical faculty. A specialized program can be worked out for each student needing additional help to correct any deficiency before graduation. For some the idea of holding a Trial State Board will be a new concept in the traiing of dental hygiene students. For others it may already be part of the training program. For all involved in the education of members of the health professions it is worth considering as both a teaching tool and a learning experience. PMID:1062446

Kane, G V

1976-03-01

484

77 FR 51031 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Research Review subcommittee and the Global Health subcommittee. The Science Board will also hear progress updates on nanotechnology and the ongoing activities in the priority areas outlined in the Strategic Plan for Regulatory Science. Overviews of...

2012-08-23

485

78 FR 30317 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provided draft final reports from the Center for Devices and Radiological Health Research Review subcommittee, and the Global Health subcommittee. A revised charge (initially proposed at the October 3, 2012, Science Board meeting) regarding...

2013-05-22

486

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News…

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

487

A Reconsideration of Bias in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses conceptual problems with the traditional approach to the study of news bias; reports on a study conducted with 73 college students, which yielded data supporting the thesis that what news consumers see as biased news is often material that is discrepant with what they already believe. (GT)|

Stevenson, Robert L.; Greene, Mark T.

1980-01-01

488

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News…

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

489

An Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our overview on crime news retrieval system for Malaysian context. We discuss a framework of an Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System (i-JEN) from the perspective of technical possibilities. Our main objectives are to construct crime based event; investigate the use of crime based event in improving the classification and clustering; develop an interactive crime news retrieval

Masnizah Mohd; Nazlena Mohamad Ali

2011-01-01

490

Breaking bad news and personality assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break bad news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amytrophic lateral sclerosis is

A Rudnick; Y Ezra; E Melamed

2000-01-01

491

Researching Media Convergence and Crossmedia News Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digitization of production has facilitated changes in the organization and practices of journalism. Technological convergence, media convergence and organizational conver- gence have helped change the way in which news is made. A substantial amount of research has been done on news production in general, and television news in particular. However, little research has been done specifically on the production context

IVAR JOHN ERDAL

492

Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

493

Broadcast news navigation using story segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine tire developed techniques and lessons learned in an operational multimedia exploitation system, Broadcast News Editor (BNE) and Broadcast News Navigator (BNN). BNE captures, analyzes, annotates, segments, summarizes, and stores broadcast news audio, video and textual data within tlte context of multimedia database system BNN provides web based retrieval tools from the multimedia

Andrew Merlino; Daryl Morey; Mark T. Maybury

1997-01-01

494

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

495

Television News Viewing by Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on personal interviews with 166 men and women older than age 65 and 246 mail questionnaires, this study finds that older people prefer television for national and world news, but newspapers for local news. Of television programs, both men and women prefer news and public affairs programs highest, but thereafter women prefer educational programs next while men favor sports

R. Irwin Goodman

1990-01-01

496

Musical News: Popular Music in Political Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a survey of activists, popular musicians perform a journalistic role in political movements. By serving as an alternative headline service, these musicians continue and update an ancient musical news tradition. From the lyrical poets of ancient Greece to Mexican corridistas, music allowed storytellers to effectively compose, retain, and present news. Although print news replaced lyrical reporting as the

Mark Pedelty

497

Linking online news and social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

2011-01-01

498

Linking Online News and Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

499

Online News Media Use And Political Tolerance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between online news media use, selectivity in media content, and political tolerance. Tolerance develops as result of exposure to a diversity of ideas and perspectives, which the media provide. Online news use encourages and requires users to selectively expose and navigate through information based on personal choice. Online news permits individuals to choose information based

Jessi Mccabe

2010-01-01

500

Creating Reality: How TV News Distorts Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-year research project, including more than one year in a network affiliate station, provided the material for an analysis of current practices in television news programming. Based on the thesis that the organization of news encourages the oversimplification of events, this analysis traces the foundation of the bias called the "news…

Altheide, David L.