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1

Health care voluntourism: addressing ethical concerns of undergraduate student participation in global health volunteer work.  

PubMed

The popularity and availability of global health experiences has increased, with organizations helping groups plan service trips and companies specializing in "voluntourism," health care professionals volunteering their services through different organizations, and medical students participating in global health electives. Much has been written about global health experiences in resource poor settings, but the literature focuses primarily on the work of health care professionals and medical students. This paper focuses on undergraduate student involvement in short term medical volunteer work in resource poor countries, a practice that has become popular among pre-health professions students. We argue that the participation of undergraduate students in global health experiences raises many of the ethical concerns associated with voluntourism and global health experiences for medical students. Some of these may be exacerbated by or emerge in unique ways when undergraduates volunteer. Guidelines and curricula for medical student engagement in global health experiences have been developed. Guidelines specific to undergraduate involvement in such trips and pre-departure curricula to prepare students should be developed and such training should be required of volunteers. We propose a framework for such guidelines and curricula, argue that universities should be the primary point of delivery even when universities are not organizing the trips, and recommend that curricula should be developed in light of additional data. PMID:25079381

McCall, Daniel; Iltis, Ana S

2014-12-01

2

Volunteering for Clinical Trials Can Help Improve Health Care for Everyone | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Clinical Trials Volunteering for Clinical Trials Can Help Improve Health Care for Everyone Past ... healthy people to help," says Melanie Modlin about clinical trials. "We have a role to play in helping ...

3

Shadowing and Volunteering Although shadowing health care professionals and volunteering are very  

E-print Network

;Register online: www.science.fau.edu/oce Lecture: The various disciplines of dentistry are discussed care professional a minimum of three hours per week. Introduction to Pre-Professional Studies and Lab (PCB 3083 & Lab) 4 credits Pre-requisite: 8 cr. Biology, 8 cr. Chemistry, 3.2 GPA The purpose

Fernandez, Eduardo

4

Challenges in volunteering from cancer care volunteers perspectives.  

PubMed

The involvement of non-government organizations (NGOs) and support groups has helped strengthen public health services in addressing cancer care burden. Owing to the contribution of volunteers in cancer care, this article documents a qualitative study that examined challenges in attracting and retaining cancer care volunteers as part of the effort to develop a volunteer recruitment model. Data were collected through three focus group discussions involving 19 cancer support group members in Malaysia. Findings of the study revealed that mobility and locality appeared to be significant in Malaysian context, while the need for financial support and time flexibility are challenges faced by cancer support groups to attract and retain volunteers. The findings imply that cancer care initiatives can benefit from more local volunteers but at the same time these volunteers require flexibility and financial support to sustain their engagement. PMID:24083746

Kamaludin, Kauthar Mohamad; Muhammad, Mazanah; Wahat, Nor Wahiza Abdul; Ibrahim, Rahimah

2013-01-01

5

UK HealthCare Volunteer Orientation Guide 1 Updated August 2013  

E-print Network

. Full-time UK employees are exempt. 7) Dues - You will be asked to join the UK Hospital Auxiliary. Dues. 3) You will be oriented and trained by the areas in which you volunteer. You will receive a general Departments are accepted by Employee Health but must be from within the year. If you are a volunteer for less

MacAdam, Keith

6

Delivering post-abortion care through a community-based reproductive health volunteer programme in Pakistan.  

PubMed

This qualitative study was conducted in May-June 2010 with women using post-abortion care (PAC) services provided by the Marie Stopes Society in Pakistan during the six month period preceding the study, more than 70% of whom had been referred to the clinics by reproductive health volunteers (RHVs). The aim of the study was to establish the socio-demographic profile of clients, determine their preferred method of treatment, explore their perceptions of the barriers to accessing post-abortion services and to understand the challenges faced by RHVs. The sample women were selected from six randomly selected districts of Sindh and Punjab. Eight focus group discussions were conducted with PAC clients and fifteen in-depth interviews with RHVs. In addition, a quantitative exit interview questionnaire was administered to 76 clients. Medical, rather than surgical, treatment for incomplete and unsafe abortions was preferred because it was perceived to 'cause less pain', was 'easy to employ' and 'having fewer complications'. Household economics influence women's decision-making on seeking post-abortion care. Other restraining factors include objection by husbands and in-laws, restrictions on female mobility, the views of religious clerics and a lack of transport. The involvement of all stakeholders could secure social approval and acceptance of the provision of safe post-abortion care services in Pakistan, and improve the quality of family planning services to the women who want to space their pregnancies. PMID:22652308

Azmat, Syed Khurram; Shaikh, Babar T; Mustafa, Ghulam; Hameed, Waqas; Bilgrami, Mohsina

2012-11-01

7

Center for Civic Engagement -Fact Sheet #14 Health Care Volunteer Opportunities  

E-print Network

from emergency and surgical services to geriatric care and occupational therapy. · Greater Binghamton both medical and non-medical placements. Students who wish to volunteer may get an answering machine you a different role (organizing an event, website, etc.) is an option. Throughout Broome County

Suzuki, Masatsugu

8

A Message to New UK HealthCare Volunteers and Observers from the Director of Employee Health Welcome to UK HealthCare. We are delighted that you have chosen to spend time with us. Even though you are not an employee of UK  

E-print Network

A Message to New UK HealthCare Volunteers and Observers from the Director of Employee Health Welcome to UK HealthCare. We are delighted that you have chosen to spend time with us. Even though you are not an employee of UK HealthCare, our Employee Health Policy still pertains to you. It is designed for your

MacAdam, Keith

9

The Volunteer Health Advisor Program of Cambridge Health Alliance: "A Bridge Between the Community and the Health Care System" Cambridge, Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cambridge Health Alliance's Volunteer Health Advisor (VHA) Program was developed to create an effective and cost efficient outreach network to improve community health status. The program's mission is to improve community health by working collaboratively with faith-based and community-based organizations to recruit, train, and support a…

Perspectives in Peer Programs, 2005

2005-01-01

10

Burden experienced by community health volunteers in Taiwan: a survey  

PubMed Central

Background Volunteers in Taiwan complement the delivery of health services by paid health professionals. However, in doing so, community health volunteers experience burdens associated with their activities. The reasons for these burdens and degree to which they are experienced are explored in this paper. Our study adds to international research regarding the burden experienced by volunteers. This project is the first to assess how community health volunteers in Taiwan experience burden. Methods The 20 item Burden on Community Health Volunteer (BCHV) instrument, specifically designed for this project, was administered to 435 volunteers attached to Community Health Promotion Development Centres in northern Taiwan. Results The overall burden experienced by volunteers is relatively low. However, a multivariate adjusted regression analysis revealed significant differences in volunteer burden depending on the number of people each volunteer served on average per week, as well as the volunteer’s marital status and their perceptions about personal health. Volunteers who served many people and who perceived their own health as poor experienced a higher level of burden. Those who were a widow or a widower felt less burdened than others. Conclusions The results of the study identify areas where burden is high and where strategies can be developed to reduce the level of burden experienced by community health volunteers in Taiwan. Community health volunteers in Taiwan complement the role of nurses and other health care providers so their retention is important to ongoing service delivery. PMID:23687966

2013-01-01

11

Volunteering in dementia care – a Norwegian phenomenological study  

PubMed Central

Introduction The number of people suffering from dementia will increase dramatically in the future, and this will be a great challenge and concern for health care services. It is assumed that volunteers will strengthen community health care services more in the future than they do today. Aim The aim of this study was to elucidate lived experiences of working as a volunteer in an activity center with adapted activities for home-dwelling people with early stage dementia. Methods Qualitative interviews were implemented in a group of nine female volunteers from an activity center in southern Norway. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed with a descriptive phenomenological method. Results Volunteering in an activity center for home-dwelling people with early stage dementia was reported to provide experiences of being useful and feeling satisfied with performing a good job. It was an advantage for the volunteers to have had experiences from life in general, but also as a health professional or as being the next of kin of a dementia sufferer. It was important for the volunteers to focus on the dementia sufferer and show caring behavior, and interaction with and the appreciation of the health care professionals were also important. The volunteers were motivated by being able to have influence and participate in the planning of the work, to be a part of the social setting, and to learn. However, for some volunteers it was difficult to adjust to an appropriate role. Conclusion In order to promote volunteering in a caring context, mutual trust and freedom should be emphasized. Being conscious of important volunteer characteristics like their experiences, knowledge, and caring behavior, as well as a focus on the staff showing appreciation and providing feedback, may be the difference between success and failure. PMID:22396627

Söderhamn, Ulrika; Landmark, Bjørg; Aasgaard, Live; Eide, Hilde; Söderhamn, Olle

2012-01-01

12

Hospice palliative care volunteers: The benefits for patients, family caregivers, and the volunteers.  

PubMed

Objective: Terminally ill patients and family caregivers can benefit greatly from the support and care provided by trained hospice palliative care volunteers. The benefits of doing this kind of volunteer work also extend to the volunteers themselves, who often say they receive more than they give from the patients/families they are "privileged" to be with. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how hospice palliative care volunteerism benefits both the patients and families who utilize this service as well as the volunteers. Method: A review of studies demonstrating how terminally ill patients, and especially family caregivers, can benefit from the use of hospice palliative care volunteers and how the volunteers themselves benefit from their experiences. Results: Terminally ill patients and families receive many benefits from using the services of hospice palliative care volunteers, including emotional support, companionship, and practical assistance (e.g., respite or breaks from caregiving). Volunteering in hospice palliative care also provides many benefits for the volunteers, including being able to make a difference in the lives of others, personal growth, and greater appreciation of what is really important in life. Significance of results: More needs to be done to promote the value of hospice palliative care volunteers to those who can really benefit from their support and care (i.e., patients and their families) as well as to help people recognize the potential rewards of being a hospice palliative care volunteer. It is a win-win situation. PMID:24901841

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen

2014-06-01

13

Is volunteering a public health intervention? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the health and survival of volunteers  

PubMed Central

Background Volunteering has been advocated by the United Nations, and American and European governments as a way to engage people in their local communities and improve social capital, with the potential for public health benefits such as improving wellbeing and decreasing health inequalities. Furthermore, the US Corporation for National and Community Service Strategic Plan for 2011–2015 focused on increasing the impact of national service on community needs, supporting volunteers’ wellbeing, and prioritising recruitment and engagement of underrepresented populations. The aims of this review were to examine the effect of formal volunteering on volunteers’ physical and mental health and survival, and to explore the influence of volunteering type and intensity on health outcomes. Methods Experimental and cohort studies comparing the physical and mental health outcomes and mortality of a volunteering group to a non-volunteering group were identified from twelve electronic databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, HMIC, SSCI, ASSIA, Social Care Online, Social Policy and Practice) and citation tracking in January 2013. No language, country or date restrictions were applied. Data synthesis was based on vote counting and random effects meta-analysis of mortality risk ratios. Results Forty papers were selected: five randomised controlled trials (RCTs, seven papers); four non-RCTs; and 17 cohort studies (29 papers). Cohort studies showed volunteering had favourable effects on depression, life satisfaction, wellbeing but not on physical health. These findings were not confirmed by experimental studies. Meta-analysis of five cohort studies found volunteers to be at lower risk of mortality (risk ratio: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.90). There was insufficient evidence to demonstrate a consistent influence of volunteering type or intensity on outcomes. Conclusion Observational evidence suggested that volunteering may benefit mental health and survival although the causal mechanisms remain unclear. Consequently, there was limited robustly designed research to guide the development of volunteering as a public health promotion intervention. Future studies should explicitly map intervention design to clear health outcomes as well as use pragmatic RCT methodology to test effects. PMID:23968220

2013-01-01

14

Health Services Student PHARMACY Volunteer  

E-print Network

Web based application due. Please use link provided below which includes your resume, and personal capacity for FOUR hour shifts each week during the semester. NOTE: All UHS Pharmacy volunteers must have? · Students are selected based on their interests, goals, compatibility, and availability. · Personal

Walker, Matthew P.

15

Home Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Resize Text Printer Friendly Online Chat Home Health Care What is Home Health Care? How Do I ... About Home Health Care? What is Home Health Care? Home health care helps seniors live independently for ...

16

Peer Health Educator Volunteer Profile Position: Peer Health Educator  

E-print Network

, prepare, deliver and evaluate health education outreaches around campus. Outreach topics include sexual choices about their health Enhance knowledge of student health issues including sexual health, nutritionPeer Health Educator Volunteer Profile Position: Peer Health Educator The Peer Health Educators

17

Women Veterans Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Women Veterans Health Care Women Veterans Health Care Womens Health Women Veterans Health Care Home Program Overview About ... Priorities FAQs Women Veterans Call Center Providers WVPMs Women's Health Services Eligibility and Enrollment About VA Health Care ...

18

Volunteering in the care of people with severe mental illness: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Much of the literature to date concerning public attitudes towards people with severe mental illness (SMI) has focused on negative stereotypes and discriminatory behaviour. However, there also exists a tradition of volunteering with these people, implying a more positive attitude. Groups with positive attitudes and behaviours towards people with SMI have received relatively little attention in research. They merit further attention, as evidence on characteristics and experiences of volunteers may help to promote volunteering. The present paper aims to systematically review the literature reporting characteristics, motivations, experiences, and benefits of volunteers in the care of people with SMI. Methods In November 2010, a systematic electronic search was carried out in BNI, CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, Cochrane Registers and Web of Science databases, using a combination of ‘volunteer’, ‘mental health’ and ‘outcome’ search terms. A secondary hand search was performed in relevant psychiatric journals, grey literature and references. Results 14 papers met the inclusion criteria for the review, with data on a total of 540 volunteers. The results suggest that volunteers are a mostly female, but otherwise heterogeneous group. Motivations for volunteering are a combination of what they can ‘give’ to others and what they can ‘get’ for themselves. Overall volunteers report positive experiences. The main benefit to persons with a psychiatric illness is the gaining of a companion, who is non-stigmatizing and proactive in increasing their social-community involvement. Conclusions The evidence base for volunteers in care of people with SMI is small and inconsistent. However there are potential implications for both current and future volunteering programmes from the data. As the data suggests that there is no ‘typical’ volunteer, volunteering programmes should recruit individuals from a variety of backgrounds. The act of volunteering can not only benefit people with SMI, but also the volunteers. Further research may specify methods of recruiting, training, supervising and using volunteers to maximise the benefit for all involved. PMID:23237048

2012-01-01

19

Promoting volunteer capacity in hospice palliative care: a narrative review.  

PubMed

Hospice volunteers play an essential role in the primary care network for end of life. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence on hospice volunteers published between 2002 and July 2012. An electronic search of PubMed, CINAHL and PsychINFO using controlled vocabulary, and a reference scan, yielded 54 studies focusing on hospice volunteers. Studies were primarily descriptive using quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. Findings from studies were grouped thematically into descriptions of the work of hospice volunteers; recruitment, preparation and retention of hospice volunteers; and perspectives and outcomes of the volunteer role. A substantial body of evidence exists describing the roles, stresses and rewards of hospice volunteering. Less is known about how to adequately recruit, prepare and retain volunteers. A small but intriguing body of evidence exists around volunteers' contributions to family satisfaction and patient longevity. Although the evidence around hospice volunteers continues to grow, there is an urgent need for further research. Findings indicate that volunteers make important contributions to high quality end of life care. However, more focused research attention is required to better understand how to maximize this contribution while providing better support for volunteers. PMID:23277631

Pesut, Barbara; Hooper, Brenda; Lehbauer, Suzanne; Dalhuisen, Miranda

2014-02-01

20

Supporting the volunteer career of male hospice-palliative care volunteers.  

PubMed

We invited men to discuss their volunteer careers with hospice-palliative care (HPC) to better understand how to recruit and train, retain and support, and then successfully end their volunteer experience. Nine male current or former HPC volunteers participated in face-to-face interviews which were transcribed and analyzed. The men described a complex interplay of individual characteristics with the unique roles available to HPC volunteers. The men's recruitment experiences coalesced around both individually based and organizationally based themes. Results pertaining to retention revealed the interchange between their personalities, the perks and pitfalls of the unique experiences of an HPC volunteer, and the value of the organization's support for these volunteers. Our interpretation of these experiences can help HPC organizations enhance their recruitment, retention, and support of male volunteers. PMID:21087948

Weeks, Lori E; MacQuarrie, Colleen

2011-08-01

21

Volunteers in Community Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet gives detailed accounts of mental health programs in operation around the nation. A total of nine different types of activities is included. "Helping Children" describes a program whereby students from nearby colleges give troubled children, at home, an experience in friendship by serving as big brothers or sisters. "Helping the…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

22

Holding on to what you have got: keeping hospice palliative care volunteers volunteering.  

PubMed

In all, 119 hospice palliative care volunteers from 3 community-based hospice programs completed the Volunteer Retention Questionnaire (VRQ), a 33-item survey designed for this study. The VRQ asks volunteers to rate the importance of each item to their decision to continue volunteering. The items that received the highest mean importance ratings included enjoying the work they do, feeling adequately prepared/trained to perform their role, and learning from their patients' experiences/listening to their patients' life stories. Being recognized (eg, pins for years of service or being profiled in the hospice newsletter), receiving phone calls/cards from their volunteer coordinator on special occasions, and being reimbursed for out-of-pocket expenses were among the items that received the lowest mean importance ratings. Suggestions for improving volunteer retention are provided. PMID:22811213

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Jones, Richard

2013-08-01

23

CYCLES OF POVERTY, FOOD INSECURITY, AND PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS AMONG AIDS CARE VOLUNTEERS IN URBAN ETHIOPIA.  

PubMed

With the rollout of AIDS therapies, volunteer AIDS care has been promoted across Africa under the assumption that volunteerism is economically imperative in settings of health professional and resource scarcity. As low-income volunteers have become a major part of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment workforces, it is imperative to question how poverty impacts their well-being. This chapter presents epidemiologic data collected during the 2008 food crisis from a sample of 110 AIDS care volunteers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as well as narratives offered by HIV-positive volunteers, highlighting a widely overlooked way in which food insecurity and mental distress impact efforts to treat AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Food insecurity and elevated common mental disorder (CMD) symptom loads were common and tightly linked among the volunteers in the sample. Volunteers who were HIV-positive (17 percent) fared slightly worse in terms of food insecurity and psychosocial well-being. However, positive HIV serostatus was not associated with CMD in multivariate analyses accounting for food insecurity. Narratives illustrate how being HIV-positive shaped experiences of psychosocial stress, which involved unemployment and lack of prospects for marital relationships or strife within them. Our focus demonstrates the potential for mixing ethnographic and epidemiological methods to inform policy questions regarding poverty-reduction through compensation for volunteers' valuable labor, as well as AIDS care program sustainability. [volunteerism, AIDS care, food insecurity, livelihoods, HIV, psychosocial health]. PMID:24077603

Maes, Kenneth; Shifferaw, Selamawit

2011-05-01

24

CYCLES OF POVERTY, FOOD INSECURITY, AND PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS AMONG AIDS CARE VOLUNTEERS IN URBAN ETHIOPIA  

PubMed Central

With the rollout of AIDS therapies, volunteer AIDS care has been promoted across Africa under the assumption that volunteerism is economically imperative in settings of health professional and resource scarcity. As low-income volunteers have become a major part of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment workforces, it is imperative to question how poverty impacts their well-being. This chapter presents epidemiologic data collected during the 2008 food crisis from a sample of 110 AIDS care volunteers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as well as narratives offered by HIV-positive volunteers, highlighting a widely overlooked way in which food insecurity and mental distress impact efforts to treat AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Food insecurity and elevated common mental disorder (CMD) symptom loads were common and tightly linked among the volunteers in the sample. Volunteers who were HIV-positive (17 percent) fared slightly worse in terms of food insecurity and psychosocial well-being. However, positive HIV serostatus was not associated with CMD in multivariate analyses accounting for food insecurity. Narratives illustrate how being HIV-positive shaped experiences of psychosocial stress, which involved unemployment and lack of prospects for marital relationships or strife within them. Our focus demonstrates the potential for mixing ethnographic and epidemiological methods to inform policy questions regarding poverty-reduction through compensation for volunteers’ valuable labor, as well as AIDS care program sustainability. [volunteerism, AIDS care, food insecurity, livelihoods, HIV, psychosocial health] PMID:24077603

Maes, Kenneth; Shifferaw, Selamawit

2013-01-01

25

Cultural competency and diversity among hospice palliative care volunteers.  

PubMed

This case study examines the current state of cultural competence in hospice and palliative care in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Because of changing demographic trends and ethnic minorities underutilizing hospice palliative care services, this research examined the current state of culturally competent care in a hospice setting, and the challenges to providing culturally competent care in a hospice in the GTA. A case study was conducted with a hospice and included in-depth interviews with 14 hospice volunteers. The findings reveal that volunteers encountered cultural clashes when their level of cultural competency was weak. Second, volunteers revealed there was a lack of adequate cultural competency training with their hospice, and finally, there was a lack of ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity among the hospice volunteers. PMID:21636588

Jovanovic, Maja

2012-05-01

26

Health-Care Access in a Rural Area: Perspectives from Russian-Speaking Immigrants, English-Speaking Doctors, and Volunteer Interpreters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health-care access for immigrants in the United States is often problematic because of language barriers, lack of health insurance, or differing expectations based on divergent medical systems in the U.S. and the immigrants' home countries. Such difficulties are exacerbated when a linguistic-minority population lives in a rural community that has…

Brua, Charles R.

2009-01-01

27

Respiratory Home Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

Respiratory Home Health Care Respiratory care at home can contribute to improved quality of life and significant cost savings. Your respiratory care ... your family and home situation to help your health care provider plan for your care after you are ...

28

Healthy Noles Volunteer The Health Promotion Department at University Health Services Health and Wellness Center  

E-print Network

a specific interest? (Circle all that apply) a. Nutrition b. Exercise c. Sexual Health e. TobaccoHealthy Noles Volunteer The Health Promotion Department at University Health Services Health understanding of Health Education/Health Promotion. Application Full Name

Ronquist, Fredrik

29

Health & Wellness Centre: Wellness Peer Programs Volunteer Application Form  

E-print Network

Health & Wellness Centre: Wellness Peer Programs Volunteer Application Form Please highlight Wellness Peer Program ­ mental health awareness Nutritional Health Peer Program ­ healthy eating awareness ­ healthy relationships, birth control and sexually transmitted infection awareness Health & Wellness

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

30

The contribution of international health volunteers to the health workforce in sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In this paper, we aim to quantify the contribution of international health volunteers to the health workforce in sub-Saharan Africa and to explore the perceptions of health service managers regarding these volunteers. METHODS: Rapid survey among organizations sending international health volunteers and group discussions with experienced medical officers from sub-Saharan African countries. RESULTS: We contacted 13 volunteer organizations having

Geert Laleman; Guy Kegels; Bruno Marchal; Dirk Van der Roost; Isa Bogaert; Wim Van Damme

2007-01-01

31

National Health Care Survey  

Cancer.gov

The National Health Care Survey (NHCS) encompasses a family of health care provider surveys, including information about the facilities that supply health care, the services rendered, and the characteristics of the patients served.

32

HIVCorps: using volunteers to rapidly expand HIV health services across Zambia.  

PubMed

In 2004, we created HIVCorps, an international volunteer program to involve pre-medical, medical, and public health students in the scale-up of HIV care and prevention services in Zambia. In our first year, we used 27 American and Zambian volunteers to assist with the administrative and logistical aspects of program implementation. Ten volunteers were based in the capital Lusaka; the remaining 17 were stationed across five rural districts. Supervision was provided by local health care providers, district officials, and hospital administrators. In our setting, the use of volunteers has proven feasible and effective for program support. Depending on a program's immediate needs, use of many basic field personnel may be more beneficial than employment of one to two trained clinicians. Formal volunteer programs like HIVCorps should be developed alongside initiatives focused on deploying more specialized, experienced healthcare workers aboard. PMID:16687703

Chi, Benjamin H; Fusco, Harmony; Goma, Fastone M; Zulu, Isaac; Simmers, Erin; Stringer, Jeffrey S A

2006-05-01

33

HEP:Health Ed Admin:Recruitment:2012:VC:Volunteer Coordinator Job Desc.doc 2012 2013 Volunteer Coordinator  

E-print Network

Coordinator Health Education and Promotion Student Health and Counseling Services Health Education (physical activity, nutrition, stress and mental health and sleep) Position Duties The Volunteer Coordinator education volunteers. The volunteers provide assistance on a variety of health topics that affect college

Leistikow, Bruce N.

34

Home health care  

MedlinePLUS

... and exercises, wound care, and daily living. Home health care nurses can help manage problems with your wound, ... Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Home health care: what it is and what to expect. ... ...

35

Health Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Newsroom Contact Us You are here Home » Health Care Team Good health care is always a team ... their families improve their quality of life. Patient Care Technician and Renal Technologist There are two kinds ...

36

Health care informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health care industry is currently experiencing a fundamental change. Health care organizations are reorganizing their processes to reduce costs, be more competitive, and provide better and more personalized customer care. This new business strategy requires health care organizations to implement new technologies, such as Internet applications, enterprise systems, and mobile technologies in order to achieve their desired business changes.

Keng Siau

2003-01-01

37

Health Care Cost Containment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Administration's proposals to reform the U.S. health care system sought to provide for universal health insurance coverage while containing the growth of health care spending. This paper focuses on the latter issue and discusses the ability of regulatory and market-oriented reforms to achieve health care cost containment from several angles: an international comparison of national cost containment measures, a

Ellen Marie Nedde

1995-01-01

38

Peer education for advance care planning: volunteers’ perspectives on training and community engagement activities  

PubMed Central

Background Peer education by volunteers may aid attitudinal change, but there is little understanding of factors assisting the preparation of peer educators. This study contributes to conceptual understandings of how volunteers may be prepared to work as peer educators by drawing on an evaluation of a training programme for peer education for advance care planning (ACP). Objectives To report on volunteers’ perspectives on the peer education training programme, their feelings about assuming the role of volunteer peer educators and the community engagement activities with which they engaged during the year after training. To examine broader implications for peer education. Design Participatory action research employing mixed methods of data collection. Participants Twenty-four older volunteers and eight health and social care staff. Data collection methods Evaluative data were gathered from information provided during and at the end of training, a follow-up survey 4 months post-training; interviews and focus groups 6 and 12 months post-training. Findings Volunteers’ personal aims ranged from working within their communities to using what they had learnt within their own families. The personal impact of peer education was considerable. Two-thirds of volunteers reported community peer education activities 1 year after the training. Those who identified strongly with a community group had the most success. Conclusion We reflect on the extent to which the programme aided the development of ‘critical consciousness’ among the volunteers: a key factor in successful peer education programmes. More research is needed about the impact on uptake of ACP in communities. PMID:21615641

Seymour, Jane E; Almack, Kathryn; Kennedy, Sheila; Froggatt, Katherine

2013-01-01

39

[Nursing collaboration with palliative care volunteers in critical care medicine departments].  

PubMed

Palliative care remains associated with images of death and generates fears. It is difficult to envisage supporting patients at the end of life anywhere other than in specialised places. With situations of critical care, professionals and volunteers use their complementary skills to work together in caring for the patient. PMID:22003793

Héron, Myriam

2011-09-01

40

Project OASIS: Volunteer Mental Health Paraprofessionals Serving Nursing Home Residents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details a demonstration project which was developed to train older adult volunteers as mental health paraprofessionals for nursing homes. Discusses the effectiveness of the program for residents, as well as benefits to the staff. Includes details of recruitment, training and supervision of volunteers, services they provide, and problems…

Crose, Royda; And Others

1987-01-01

41

Vacation health care  

MedlinePLUS

... and help you avoid problems. Talk to your health care provider or visit a travel clinic 4 - 6 ... If you are taking medicine, talk to your health care provider before leaving. Carry all medicines with you ...

42

HealthCare.gov  

MedlinePLUS

... your Form 1095-A correct? See More Footer Health Insurance Marketplace Resources About the Affordable Care Act Regulatory ... Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21244 USA.gov Whitehouse.gov Health Insurance Marketplace Resources About the Affordable Care Act Regulatory ...

43

Evaluating health care advertising.  

PubMed

Evaluating health care advertising is a four-part process that enables health care managers to target particular markets and to determine the effects of advertising particular services and products. PMID:3170200

MacStravic, R S

1988-01-01

44

Unplanned health care tourism.  

PubMed

Health care tourism is often a preplanned event carefully laying out all the details. Sometimes, when one least expects it, medical care is needed outside of the mainland. This Editorial speaks to an unplanned experience. PMID:25436438

Powell, Suzanne K

2015-01-01

45

Creonization of health care.  

PubMed

As prefigured in the Greek tragedy Antigone, one of the primary conflicts in contemporary health care is that between humane concern for the individual and concern for society at large and administrative rules. The computerization of the health care system and development of large data bases will create new forms of this conflict that will challenge the self-definition of health care and health care professionals. PMID:2394563

Bulger, R J

1990-01-01

46

A correlational study on health training program participation and influences upon communities volunteers in Taipei City.  

PubMed

This is a cross-sectional study that purposely selected healthy community centers (HCC) in Taipei City to explore factors affecting volunteers' health training program participation (HTPP). The major objectives were to: (1) examine volunteer's HTPP; (2) explore relationships among volunteers' HTPP, self-efficacy (SE) in healthy community building, and community activities participation (CAP); and (3) identify key factors affecting volunteers' HTPP. A self-developed instrument with validity (content validity index > .91) and reliability (alpha = .63-.87) was used. A total of 250 participants were recruited. Study results revealed that a majority of the volunteers were middle-aged women who held at least a high school education, worked part-time, held Buddhist religious beliefs, were married and were middle class in terms of income. The average HTPP value was 19, with Xin Yi, Zhong Zhen and Bei Tou HCCs exhibiting higher HTPP values. Those not currently employed and housewives volunteers had lower HTPP values. 66.4% of volunteers participated at community activities after training and contributed 60-120 service hours a year. Volunteers' SE in healthy community building was low (M = 2.01, SD = 1.01), which, however, could explain 21% variance of HTPP. Factors affecting HTPP included HCC site, SE and CAP, which accounted for 57% of variance. Study results indicated that SE and CAP could serve as training evaluation indicators and a well-organized training program could increase volunteers' SE. Standard health training programs should incorporate three programs, including volunteerism perception, health promotion, and middle aged and elderly care to thus further improve volunteers' participation in community health activities. PMID:16372235

Tung, Ching-Ju; Chen, Ching-Min; Lee, Pi-Hsia

2005-12-01

47

Your Health Care Team  

MedlinePLUS

... Size: A A A Listen En Español Your Health Care Team You You are the most important member of your health care team. After all, you are the one who ... are the first to notice any problems. Your health care team depends on you to talk to them ...

48

Health Care Cost Containment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective and efficient delivery of health care is one of the critical issues facing the nation today. Currently, nearly 13% of the nation's GDP in spent on Health Care. Perhaps one-half of the increase in health care costs have been linked to the acquisition of new medical technology. This paper examines some of the issues relating to the acquisition and

Joe Nihom; Thomas R. Gillpatrick; Van R. Wood

1995-01-01

49

HEP:Health Ed Admin:Recruitment:2012:Volunteers:Volunteer Job Desc and App 2012.doc 2012-2013 Health Education & Promotion Volunteers  

E-print Network

, sexual health, wellness, sleep and alcohol, tobacco and other drugs issues. HEP volunteer duties include. Professional staff, Student Assistants and volunteers focus on issues related to nutrition, physical activity resources through environmental scans, assessments and surveys. · Stocking and staffing the Love Lab, a cart

Leistikow, Bruce N.

50

HEP:Health Ed Admin:Recruitment:2011:Volunteers:Reopen:re open Volunteer Job Desc and App 2011.doc 20112012HealthEducation&PromotionVolunteers  

E-print Network

, stress management, and alcohol, tobacco and other drugs issues. As a HEP volunteer some of the activities assistants and volunteers focus on issues related to nutrition, physical activity, sexual health, wellness.g., conduct environmental scans, assessments and surveys) · Stocking and staff the "Love Lab" (a cart taken

Leistikow, Bruce N.

51

Burden experienced by community health volunteers in Taiwan: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

In Taiwan, volunteers of each Community Health Promotion Development Centres help to diffuse healthy lifestyle education and complement the paid workforce, especially community nurses. An interpretive, descriptive qualitative design, using focus groups, was conducted to explore the burden experienced by community health volunteers in Taiwan. The data were analyzed inductively, and emergent themes were explored. The majority of participants were female between 50 and 59 years old with an average of 4.5 years experience as a volunteer. Thematic analysis resulted in four themes: preparation and scope of practice, lack of support for the role, work overload and expectations of the role. Volunteers in Taiwan do not always have the necessary skills to care for their clientele because of an inadequate programme of orientation, lack of continuing education and support for the role, role overload and expectations placed upon them by the clients and others. PMID:23432892

Gau, Yueh-Mei; Usher, Kim; Stewart, Lee; Buettner, Petra

2013-02-01

52

Health Care Indicators  

PubMed Central

This regular feature of the journal includes a discussion of each of the following four topics: community hospital statistics; employment, hours, and earnings in the private health sector; health care prices; and national economic indicators. These statistics are valuable in their own right for understanding the relationship between the health care sector and the overall economy. In addition, they allow us to anticipate the direction and magnitude of health care cost changes prior to the availability of more comprehensive data. PMID:25372574

Donham, Carolyn S.; Maple, Brenda T.; Letsch, Suzanne W.

1993-01-01

53

Developing primary health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary health care is best provided by a primary health care team of general practitioners, community nurses, and other staff working together from good premises and looking after the population registered with the practice. It encourages personal and continuing care of patients and good communication among the members of the team. Efforts should be made to foster this model of

B Jarman; J Cumberlege

1987-01-01

54

Environmental Volunteering and Health Outcomes over a 20-Year Period  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study tested the hypothesis that volunteering in environmental organizations in midlife is associated with greater physical activity and improved mental and physical health over a 20-year period. Design and Methods: The study used data from two waves (1974 and 1994) of the Alameda County Study, a longitudinal study of health and…

Pillemer, Karl; Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E.; Reid, M. C.; Wells, Nancy M.

2010-01-01

55

Health Care Cost Containment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing risk management, the authors point out that health care cost containment is feasible and outline a number of areas--including health maintenance organizations--in which cost containment has been successful in specific instances. (IRT)

Notkin, Herbert; Meader, Leland V.

1979-01-01

56

Health Care for College Students  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Care for College Students Ages & Stages Listen Health Care for College Students Article Body I'll be ... student health service before starting an exercise program. Health care on campus If you are going to live ...

57

Equity in health care.  

PubMed

It has long been known that a segment of the population enjoys distinctly better health status and higher quality of health care than others. To solve this problem, prioritization is unavoidable, and the question is how priorities should be set. Rational priority setting would seek equity amongst the whole population, the extent to which people receive equal care for equal needs. Equity in health care is an ethical imperative not only because of the intrinsic worth of good health, or the value that society places on good health, but because, without good health, people would be unable to enjoy life's other sources of happiness. This paper also argues the importance of the health care's efficiency, but at the same time, it highlights how any innovation and rationalization undertaken in the provision of the health system should be achieved from the consideration of human dignity, making the person prevail over economic criteria. Therefore, the underlying principles on which this health care equity paper is based are fundamental human rights. The main aim is to ensure the implementation of these essential rights by those carrying out public duties. Viewed from this angle, equity in health care means equality: equality in access to services and treatment, and equality in the quality of care provided. As a result, this paper attempts to address both human dignity and efficiency through the context of equity to reconcile them in the middle ground. PMID:18611079

La Rosa-Salas, Virginia; Tricas-Sauras, Sandra

2008-01-01

58

Indian Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an assessment of health care for American Indians and Alaska Natives who are eligible for medical and health-related services from the federal government. Chapters outline Federal-Indian relationships; provide demographic and economic information on the Indian population; trace current health status, changing health problems, and…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

59

Volunteers in Specialist Palliative Care: A Survey of Adult Services in the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background: Worldwide, the demand for specialist palliative care is increasing but funding is limited. The role of volunteers is underresearched, although their contribution reduces costs significantly. Understanding what volunteers do is vital to ensure services develop appropriately to meet the challenges faced by providers of palliative care. Objective: The study's objective is to describe current involvement of volunteers with direct patient/family contact in U.K. specialist palliative care. Design: An online survey was sent to 290?U.K. adult hospices and specialist palliative care services involving volunteers covering service characteristics, involvement and numbers of volunteers, settings in which they are involved, extent of involvement in care services, specific activities undertaken in each setting, and use of professional skills. Results: The survey had a 67% response rate. Volunteers were most commonly involved in day care and bereavement services. They entirely ran some complementary therapy, beauty therapy/hairdressing, and pastoral/faith-based care services, and were involved in a wide range of activities, including sitting with dying patients. Conclusions: This comprehensive survey of volunteer activity in U.K. specialist palliative care provides an up-to-date picture of volunteer involvement in direct contact with patients and their families, such as providing emotional care, and the extent of their involvement in day and bereavement services. Further research could focus on exploring their involvement in bereavement care. PMID:24475743

Burbeck, Rachel; Low, Joe; Sampson, Elizabeth L.; Bravery, Ruth; Hill, Matthew; Morris, Sara; Ockenden, Nick; Payne, Sheila

2014-01-01

60

Increasing access to health education in eastern Uganda: Rethinking the role and preparation of volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective In many parts of Uganda, the demand for health education is greater than the conventional health sector can provide and community health education volunteers fill the gap. Using two case study non government organizations (NGOs) that heavily rely on volunteers as health educators, this article shows the problems of unsystematic preparation of volunteers for their roles in health education.Design

Godfrey E Siu; Susan R Whyte

2009-01-01

61

Health-Care Hub  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Broad Acres clinic is one of 1,500 school-based health centers nationwide that bring a wide range of medical, nutritional, and mental-health care to millions of students and their families. The centers provide an important safety net for children and adolescents--particularly the more than 10 million today who lack health insurance, according…

Bowman, Darcia Harris

2004-01-01

62

KSC volunteers help paint Baxley Manor as part of Days of Caring '99  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KSC volunteers for Days of Caring '99 unfold protective materials before getting ready to paint at Baxley Manor, an apartment building for senior citizens on Merritt Island. Coordinated by the KSC Community Relations Council, Days of Caring provides an opportunity for employees to volunteer their services in projects such as painting, planting flowers, reading to school children, and more. Organizations accepting volunteers include The Embers, Yellow Umbrella, Serene Harbor, Domestic Violence Program, the YMCA of Brevard County, and others.

1999-01-01

63

KSC volunteers help paint Baxley Manor as part of Days of Caring '99  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Volunteers for Days of Caring '99 set up the paint trays for painting at Baxley Manor, an apartment building for senior citizens on Merritt Island. Coordinated by the KSC Community Relations Council, Days of Caring provides an opportunity for employees to volunteer their services in projects such as painting, planting flowers, reading to school children, and more. Organizations accepting volunteers include The Embers, Yellow Umbrella, Serene Harbor, Domestic Violence Program, the YMCA of Brevard County, and others.

1999-01-01

64

KSC volunteers help paint Baxley Manor as part of Days of Caring '99  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A volunteer for Days of Caring '99 prepares a light fixture before painting the walls in the hallway at Baxley Manor, an apartment building for senior citizens on Merritt Island. Coordinated by the KSC Community Relations Council, Days of Caring provides an opportunity for employees to volunteer their services in projects such as painting, planting flowers, reading to school children, and more. Organizations accepting volunteers include The Embers, Yellow Umbrella, Serene Harbor, Domestic Violence Program, the YMCA of Brevard County, and others.

1999-01-01

65

KSC volunteers help paint Baxley Manor as part of Days of Caring '99  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KSC volunteers with Days of Caring '99 share tasks while getting ready to paint at Baxley Manor, an apartment building for senior citizens on Merritt Island. Coordinated by the KSC Community Relations Council, Days of Caring provides an opportunity for employees to volunteer their services in projects such as painting, planting flowers, reading to school children, and more. Organizations accepting volunteers include The Embers, Yellow Umbrella, Serene Harbor, Domestic Violence Program, the YMCA of Brevard County, and others.

1999-01-01

66

Applies to all UCSD Healthcare "workforce members" including: employees, medical staff and other health care professionals; volunteers; agency, temporary and registry personnel; and house staff, students, and interns (regardless of whether they are UCSD  

E-print Network

in connection with individual patient care, risk management and/ or peer review activities. 2. It is my legal, deliberations, patient care records or any other patient care, peer review or risk management information and protect confidential patient, employee and business information. The Federal Health Insurance Portability

Squire, Larry R.

67

Pre-Health Volunteer and Community Service Opportunities  

E-print Network

-scf.usc.edu/~asbme California Student Physicians for Healthcare Reform www.csphr.com Chicanos for Health Education www://uscnorriscancer.usc.edu/ USC Verdugo Hills Hospital http://www.uscvhh.org/ UCLA Hospitals-Volunteer Services www.healthcare

Rohs, Remo

68

Health Care and Dependent Care Flexible  

E-print Network

the end of the current calendar year. Benefit elections are generally effective the first of the monthHealth Care and Dependent Care Flexible Spending Accounts Discovery Benefits, Inc. (866) 451 for certain health care and child care expenses with pre-tax dollars. FSA's may allow you to save money

69

Mercury and health care  

PubMed Central

Mercury is toxic heavy metal. It has many characteristic features. Health care organizations have used mercury in many forms since time immemorial. The main uses of mercury are in dental amalgam, sphygmomanometers, and thermometers. The mercury once released into the environment can remain for a longer period. Both acute and chronic poisoning can be caused by it. Half of the mercury found in the atmosphere is human generated and health care contributes the substantial part to it. The world has awakened to the harmful effects of mercury. The World Health Organization and United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) have issued guidelines for the countries’ health care sector to become mercury free. UNEP has formed mercury partnerships between governments and other stakeholders as one approach to reducing risks to human health and the environment from the release of mercury and its compounds to the environment. Many hospitals are mercury free now. PMID:21120080

Rustagi, Neeti; Singh, Ritesh

2010-01-01

70

Environmental Volunteering and Health Outcomes over a 20-Year Period  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This study tested the hypothesis that volunteering in environmental organizations in midlife is associated with greater physical activity and improved mental and physical health over a 20-year period. ?Design and Methods: The study used data from two waves (1974 and 1994) of the Alameda County Study, a longitudinal study of health and mortality that has followed a cohort of 6,928 adults since 1965. Using logistic and multiple regression models, we examined the prospective association between environmental and other volunteerism and three outcomes (physical activity, self-reported health, and depression), with 1974 volunteerism predicting 1994 outcomes, controlling for a number of relevant covariates. ?Results: Midlife environmental volunteering was significantly associated with physical activity, self-reported health, and depressive symptoms. ?Implications: This population-based study offers the first epidemiological evidence for a significant positive relationship between environmental volunteering and health and well-being outcomes. Further research, including intervention studies, is needed to confirm and shed additional light on these initial findings. PMID:20172902

Pillemer, Karl; Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E.; Reid, M. C.; Wells, Nancy M.

2010-01-01

71

KSC volunteers help Meals on Wheels as part of Days of Caring '99  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KSC volunteers at Miracle City Mall, Titusville, help unload containers for Meals on Wheels delivery as part of their '99 Days of Caring participation. The volunteers will also help deliver the meals. Coordinated by the KSC Community Relations Council, Days of Caring provides an opportunity for employees to volunteer their services in projects such as painting, planting flowers, reading to school children, and more. Organizations accepting volunteers include The Embers, Yellow Umbrella, Serene Harbor, Domestic Violence Program, the YMCA of Brevard County, and others.

1999-01-01

72

The boundaries of care work: a comparative study of professionals and volunteers in Denmark and Australia.  

PubMed

This paper explores the manner in which two hospices - one located in Denmark and one in Australia - negotiate and determine the boundaries of volunteer workers vis-à-vis paid staff. A comparative case study approach was used to juxtapose organisations with similar activity fields located in different welfare state systems, i.e. a social democratic welfare state and a liberal welfare state. This study involved non-participant observation of volunteers at work and unstructured interviews with volunteers, staff and management in the hospices (n = 41). Data were collected between August 2012 and February 2013. Data were managed using NVivo and analysed thematically. A key finding is that volunteers in the Danish hospice were excluded from all direct care work due to the effective monopoly of the professional care providers, whereas the Australian volunteers participated in the provision of care to the extent that risk could be eliminated or mitigated to an acceptable level. The findings suggest two different models of the roles of volunteers in tension with professional care providers. Both models recognise that volunteers add to the level of care delivered by the organisations and allow for a discussion that moves away from the normative discussions of 'not taking somebody's job', while also recognising that volunteers must be more than just the 'nice extra' if they are to be of any real value to the organisation and to care receivers. PMID:25442013

Overgaard, Charlotte

2014-12-01

73

Controlling Health Care Costs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines issues on health care costs and describes measures taken by public districts to reduce spending. As in most companies in America, health plan designs in public districts are being changed to reflect higher out-of-pocket costs, such as higher deductibles on visits to providers, hospital stays, and prescription drugs. District…

Dessoff, Alan

2009-01-01

74

Health care technology assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of technology in the cost of health care is a primary issue in current debates concerning national health care reform. The broad scope of studies for understanding technological impacts is known as technology assessment. Technology policy makers can improve their decision making by becoming more aware, and taking greater advantage, of key trends in health care technology assessment (HCTA). HCTA is the systematic evaluation of the properties, impacts, and other attributes of health care technologies, including: technical performance; clinical safety and efficacy/effectiveness; cost-effectiveness and other economic attributes; appropriate circumstances/indications for use; and social, legal, ethical, and political impacts. The main purpose of HCTA is to inform technology-related policy making in health care. Among the important trends in HCTA are: (1) proliferation of HCTA groups in the public and private sectors; (2) higher standards for scientific evidence concerning technologies; (3) methodological development in cost analyses, health-related quality of life measurement, and consolidation of available scientific evidence (e.g., meta-analysis); (4) emphasis on improved data on how well technologies work in routine practice and for traditionally under-represented patient groups; (5) development of priority-setting methods; (6) greater reliance on medical informatics to support and disseminate HCTA findings.

Goodman, Clifford

1994-12-01

75

Eldercare Volunteer Corps Demonstration, A "Project Care" Initiative. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal for this project was to recognize the volunteers at the beginning of the project and to focus on a program to increase the utilization of volunteers in essential service delivery to at-risk persons in the Big Sandy region of eastern Kentucky. A diverse committee made up of business, education, civil leaders, service providers, and…

Kentucky State Dept. for Social Services, Frankfort.

76

Improving cultural competency among hospice and palliative care volunteers: recommendations for social policy.  

PubMed

This case study of 14 hospice and palliative care volunteers looked for recommendations and suggestions on how to increase cultural competency among hospice volunteers. In-depth interviews were conducted with a hospice in Toronto, Canada, and findings reveal that volunteers have very specific and diverse recommendations on how they prefer to be briefed and educated on cultural competency issues surrounding their patients. Findings also reveal hospice volunteers want more cultural competency training and acknowledge the importance of being culturally competent. This article concludes with a précis on recommendations for increasing cultural competency in hospice and palliative care for both volunteers and agencies and discusses the top 4 future trends in cultural competency for hospice care. PMID:21727150

Jovanovic, Maja

2012-06-01

77

Knowledge Management in Health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

While knowledge management (KM) is becoming an established discipline with many applications and techniques, its adoption in health care has been challenging. Though, the health care sector relies heavily on knowledge and evidenc e based medicine is expected to be implemented in daily health care activities; beside s, delivery of care replies on cooperation of several partners that need to

Christo El Morr; Julien Subercaze

78

Philadelphia Health Care  

E-print Network

Relations (Sweeten Alumni House) P36 5 Anatomy Chemistry Building of the School of Medicine M36 10 AnnenbergShoemaker Green Philadelphia Center for Health Care Sciences CHOP Children's Hospital South Campus Examiners Building Veterans Administration Nursing Home Child Guidance Center Children's Hospital

Sharp, Kim

79

SectionILesson3SewingMachineCare Master Clothing Volunteer Program  

E-print Network

SectionILesson3SewingMachineCare #12;Master Clothing Volunteer Program Section I, Basic Clothing Construction Lesson 3: Sewing Machine Care (3) 1 Section I Basic Clothing Construction Lesson 3 Sewing Machine Care Materials 1. Sewing machine and manual 2. Machine oil, small lint brush, and cloth for cleaning 3

80

Volunteers trained in palliative care at the hospital: An original and dynamic resource.  

PubMed

Objective: Volunteers trained in palliative care are increasingly present in acute care units in general hospitals. Nevertheless, there still are few available data on this topic, especially concerning the integration of volunteers outside the palliative structures. Our present study aimed to describe the experience of volunteers trained in palliative care in the context of a primary care hospital. In particular, the difficulties and the benefits of this specific position were evaluated according to volunteers' own perceptions and words. Method: We employed a qualitative method. Various aspects of the volunteer's role were explored by means of semistructured questions, addressing their activity, their motivations, and their feelings. Participants were volunteers (n = 19) trained in palliative care and working at a university hospital. After giving written consent, they completed the semistructured questionnaire at home. Content analysis was used to identify the main categories of answers and the principal themes reported by the volunteers. Results: The main difficulties were related to uncertainty of the context. As every situation is different, volunteers could not define their role once and for all. However, they derived great satisfaction from their activity. A supporting frame and a good balance between constraints and autonomy were facilitating factors. Besides, the complexity related to the context contributed to make the position valuable and challenging. Significance of results: Integrating a voluntary service in a primary care hospital is partly based on active participation of the volunteers in developing their position in a more adequate way. In return, this relative autonomy implies a rigorous and supportive attitude from the institution. PMID:24762324

Delaloye, Sylvette; Escher, Monica; Luthy, Christophe; Piguet, Valérie; Dayer, Pierre; Cedraschi, Christine

2014-04-24

81

Indian Health Service: Find Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... contains inpatient beds, organized staff including physician services, continuous nursing services and that provides comprehensive health care ... contains inpatient beds, organized staff including physician services, continuous nursing services and that provides comprehensive health care ...

82

Poor retention does not have to be the rule: retention of volunteer community health workers in Uganda  

PubMed Central

Globally, health worker shortages continue to plague developing countries. Community health workers are increasingly being promoted to extend primary health care to underserved populations. Since 2004, Healthy Child Uganda (HCU) has trained volunteer community health workers in child health promotion in rural southwest Uganda. This study analyses the retention and motivation of volunteer community health workers trained by HCU. It presents retention rates over a 5-year period and provides insight into volunteer motivation. The findings are based on a 2010 retrospective review of the community health worker registry and the results of a survey on selection and motivation. The survey was comprised of qualitative and quantitative questions and verbally administered to a convenience sample of project participants. Between February 2004 and July 2009, HCU trained 404 community health workers (69% female) in 175 villages. Volunteers had an average age of 36.7 years, 4.9 children and some primary school education. Ninety-six per cent of volunteer community health workers were retained after 1 year (389/404), 91% after 2 years (386/404) and 86% after 5 years (101/117). Of the 54 ‘dropouts’, main reasons cited for discontinuation included ‘too busy’ (12), moved (11), business/employment (8), death (6) and separation/divorce (6). Of 58 questionnaire respondents, most (87%) reported having been selected at an inclusive community meeting. Pair-wise ranking was used to assess the importance of seven ‘motivational factors’ among respondents. Those highest ranked were ‘improved child health’, ‘education/training’ and ‘being asked for advice/assistance by peers’, while the modest ‘transport allowance’ ranked lowest. Our findings suggest that in our rural, African setting, volunteer community health workers can be retained over the medium term. Community health worker programmes should invest in community involvement in selection, quality training, supportive supervision and incentives, which may promote improved retention. PMID:23650334

Ludwick, Teralynn; Brenner, Jennifer L; Kyomuhangi, Teddy; Wotton, Kathryn A; Kabakyenga, Jerome Kahuma

2014-01-01

83

Poor retention does not have to be the rule: retention of volunteer community health workers in Uganda.  

PubMed

Globally, health worker shortages continue to plague developing countries. Community health workers are increasingly being promoted to extend primary health care to underserved populations. Since 2004, Healthy Child Uganda (HCU) has trained volunteer community health workers in child health promotion in rural southwest Uganda. This study analyses the retention and motivation of volunteer community health workers trained by HCU. It presents retention rates over a 5-year period and provides insight into volunteer motivation. The findings are based on a 2010 retrospective review of the community health worker registry and the results of a survey on selection and motivation. The survey was comprised of qualitative and quantitative questions and verbally administered to a convenience sample of project participants. Between February 2004 and July 2009, HCU trained 404 community health workers (69% female) in 175 villages. Volunteers had an average age of 36.7 years, 4.9 children and some primary school education. Ninety-six per cent of volunteer community health workers were retained after 1 year (389/404), 91% after 2 years (386/404) and 86% after 5 years (101/117). Of the 54 'dropouts', main reasons cited for discontinuation included 'too busy' (12), moved (11), business/employment (8), death (6) and separation/divorce (6). Of 58 questionnaire respondents, most (87%) reported having been selected at an inclusive community meeting. Pair-wise ranking was used to assess the importance of seven 'motivational factors' among respondents. Those highest ranked were 'improved child health', 'education/training' and 'being asked for advice/assistance by peers', while the modest 'transport allowance' ranked lowest. Our findings suggest that in our rural, African setting, volunteer community health workers can be retained over the medium term. Community health worker programmes should invest in community involvement in selection, quality training, supportive supervision and incentives, which may promote improved retention. PMID:23650334

Ludwick, Teralynn; Brenner, Jennifer L; Kyomuhangi, Teddy; Wotton, Kathryn A; Kabakyenga, Jerome Kahuma

2014-05-01

84

Increasing Access to Health Education in Eastern Uganda: Rethinking the Role and Preparation of Volunteers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: In many parts of Uganda, the demand for health education is greater than the conventional health sector can provide and community health education volunteers fill the gap. Using two case study non government organizations (NGOs) that heavily rely on volunteers as health educators, this article shows the problems of unsystematic…

Siu, Godfrey E.; Whyte, Susan R.

2009-01-01

85

Organ Procurement and Health Care Chaplaincy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of an Australian national project, quantitative data via a survey were retrospectively obtained from 327 Australian\\u000a health care chaplains (staff and volunteer chaplains) to initially identify chaplaincy participation in various bioethical\\u000a issues—including organ procurement. Over a third of surveyed staff chaplains (38%) and almost a fifth of volunteer chaplains\\u000a (19.2%) indicted that they had, in some way, been

Lindsay B. Carey; Priscilla Robinson; Jeffrey Cohen

86

Health Care in Mozambique  

PubMed Central

Mozambique has been in a state of near civil war since 1980, which has prevented the country from providing any health care at all to most of its rural citizens. Medications are scarce, and the range of diagnostic tools is limited. The health clinics treat illnesses that include severe anemia, tuberculosis, malnutrition, sexually transmitted diseases, and injuries that are a result of the war, but the biggest killer of all remains malaria. Imagesp1131-ap1131-bp1131-cp1132-ap1132-bp1133-ap1133-b PMID:21221330

Williams, Betsy

1992-01-01

87

Sick Care vs Health Care: The Crisis in US Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, the United States is challenging conventional wisdom that wealth = health. Current estimates put US health care spending at approximately 15% of gross domestic product (GDP), the highest in the world(1), but the health system fails to deliver efficient, effective, and equitable health services. Overall, there is a systemic problem: a huge gap between the care that everyone should

White African; Hispanic White African

2007-01-01

88

Take Pride in America's Health: Volunteering as a Gateway to Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the role that volunteer programs may play in increasing levels of physical activity. In some cases volunteer programs may simultaneously improve individual health, benefit the environment and increase the public's opportunities for physical activity. From a survey of 2,032 respondents, results suggest that volunteers are more…

Librett, John; Yore, Michelle M.; Buchner, David M.; Schmid, Thomas L.

2005-01-01

89

Utilizing online tools to increase volunteer ombudsmen presence in long-term care.  

PubMed

In this descriptive study, former and current volunteer ombudsmen (n = 65) completed an online survey and Chi-square analyses were used to determine group differences in order to examine the impact of internet-based communication on the recruitment and retention of volunteer long-term care ombudsmen. The results showed that the program's shift to internet-based recruitment and communication methods helped increase the number of volunteers by 50% and contributed to a positive shift in role perception and satisfaction. Consequently, the proliferation of internet and social media usage permits greater volunteer management opportunities than previously were available. These tools also allow for consistency of message, extended training opportunities, and recourse to resources at need which permit ombudsmen volunteers to identify more readily with the role of resident advocate and receive greater performance satisfaction as it relates to that role. PMID:25498919

Shelley, Greg K; Castro, Carmen; Cron, Stanley G

2015-01-01

90

Psychology's Role in Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information packet contains eight two- to three-page publications from the American Psychological Association series "Psychological Services for the 21st Century, Psychology's Role in Health Care: Studying Human Behavior; Promoting Health; Saving Health Care Dollars; Providing Mental Health Services." The focus of the series is the connection…

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

91

Leadership in Health Care Systems: Health Care Organization Management  

E-print Network

Leadership in Health Care Systems: Health Care Organization Management and Leadership Track ­ Program Evaluation in 2007: Our grads told us they needed more leadership, informatics and management, employer interviews, needs assessment The Program #12;Leadership in Heath Care Systems · Three tracks

Goldman, Steven A.

92

Managing the Care of Health  

E-print Network

. Part II of this paper uses this line of argument to reframe four major issues in this system exist to integrate, or coordi- nate, work in organizations.1 These are illustrated in Figure 1 the work. Key words: differentiation, integration, health care management, health care organization, health

Barthelat, Francois

93

Volunteer home-based HIV/AIDS care and food crisis in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: sustainability in the face of chronic food insecurity.  

PubMed

Low-income volunteers constitute a major part of AIDS care workforces in sub-Saharan Africa, yet little research has been conducted to determine how poverty and insecurity among volunteers impact their wellbeing and the sustainability of the AIDS treatment programmes they support. This paper presents longitudinal ethnographic and epidemiological research documenting how the 2008 food crisis in Addis Ababa affected AIDS care volunteers' care relationships and motivations. Ethnographic results highlight the distress and demotivation that rising food costs created for caregivers by contributing to their own and their care recipients' experiences of food insecurity and HIV-related stigmatization. Epidemiological results underscore a high prevalence of food insecurity (approximately 80%) even prior to the peak of food prices. Rising food prices over the 3 years prior to 2008, underemployment and household per capita incomes averaging less than US$1/day, likely contributed to the very high prevalence of food insecurity reported by caregivers in our sample. We also show that new volunteers recruited in early 2008 by one of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) involved in this study were more likely to be dependants within their households, and that these participants reported lower rates of food insecurity and higher household income. While this shift in volunteer recruitment may help sustain volunteer care programmes in the face of widespread poverty and underemployment, food insecurity was still highly prevalent (58-71%) among this sub-group. Given the inability of the local NGOs that organize volunteers to address the challenge of food insecurity for programme sustainability, our results raise important policy questions regarding compensation for volunteers' valuable labour and poverty reduction through public health sector job creation. PMID:20439347

Maes, Kenneth C; Shifferaw, Selamawit; Hadley, Craig; Tesfaye, Fikru

2011-01-01

94

Rural Health: The Story of Outreach. A Program of Cooperation in Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Health Outreach is a federal program of demonstration grants designed to encourage organizations to cooperate in delivering health care services to rural Americans. Thirteen programs utilizing innovative collaborations between state agencies, schools, nonprofit organizations, hospitals, volunteers, and the private sector are described a year…

Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Rockville, MD. Office of Rural Health Policy.

95

Health-care reform and school-based health care.  

PubMed

There is growing recognition that health and health care at school can significantly impact children's health. From childhood obesity interventions to new immunization mandates, schools are at the forefront of child health discussions. The 2008 presidential campaign and the renewed focus on health-care reform raise the possibility that in 2009 school health will play a larger role in health policy conversations than previously. This article explores the proposition that both school health and national health policy will benefit from closer attention to the role of school health within the U.S. health system. It offers a Maryland case study to suggest both the opportunities and operational challenges of linking school health to the larger community health system. PMID:19711651

Lear, Julia Graham; Barnwell, Elizabeth A; Behrens, Donna

2008-01-01

96

Information Technology Outside Health Care  

PubMed Central

Non-health-care uses of information technology (IT) provide important lessons for health care informatics that are often overlooked because of the focus on the ways in which health care is different from other domains. Eight examples of IT use outside health care provide a context in which to examine the content and potential relevance of these lessons. Drawn from personal experience, five books, and two interviews, the examples deal with the role of leadership, academia, the private sector, the government, and individuals working in large organizations. The interviews focus on the need to manage technologic change. The lessons shed light on how to manage complexity, create and deploy standards, empower individuals, and overcome the occasional “wrongness” of conventional wisdom. One conclusion is that any health care informatics self-examination should be outward-looking and focus on the role of health care IT in the larger context of the evolving uses of IT in all domains. PMID:10495095

Tuttle, Mark S.

1999-01-01

97

When to say "yes" and when to say "no": boundary issues for hospice palliative care volunteers.  

PubMed

A total of 79 hospice palliative care volunteers from 2 community-based hospice programs responded to a 27-item Boundary Issues Questionnaire that was specifically developed for this study. Volunteers were asked to indicate whether or not they considered each item (eg, "Lend personal belongings to a patient or family," "Agree to be a patient's power of attorney," "Attend/go into a patient's medical appointment") to be something they should not do and to indicate whether or not they have ever done it. On the basis of the volunteers' responses, the authors distinguished between "definite boundary issues" (things volunteers should never do, for example, "Accept money from a patient or family"), "potential boundary issues" (things volunteers should stop and think twice about doing, for example, "Accept a gift from a patient or family"), and "questionable boundary issues" (things volunteers should be aware of doing, for example, "Give your home phone number to a patient or family"). The implications of these findings for training volunteers are discussed and the need for clear and unambiguous organizational policies and procedures to preserve boundaries is stressed. Without clear policies, etc, community-based hospice programs may be putting themselves at legal risk. PMID:21317131

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Gibbon, Laura; Schmidt-Chamberlain, Kirsten

2011-09-01

98

Health and Disability: Partnerships in Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite awareness of the health inequalities experienced by people with intellectual disability, their health status remains poor. Inequalities in health outcomes are manifest in higher morbidity and rates of premature death. Contributing factors include the barriers encountered in accessing and receiving high-quality health care.…

Tracy, Jane; McDonald, Rachael

2015-01-01

99

Long Term Health Study for Oil Spill Clean-up Workers and Volunteers  

MedlinePLUS

... With Us A long term health study for oil spill clean-up workers and volunteers Follow-up ... health study for individuals who helped with the oil spill cleanup, took training, signed up to work, ...

100

Space age health care delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space age health care delivery is being delivered to both NASA astronauts and employees with primary emphasis on preventive medicine. The program relies heavily on comprehensive health physical exams, health education, screening programs and physical fitness programs. Medical data from the program is stored in a computer bank so epidemiological significance can be established and better procedures can be obtained. Besides health care delivery to the NASA population, NASA is working with HEW on a telemedicine project STARPAHC, applying space technology to provide health care delivery to remotely located populations.

Jones, W. L.

1977-01-01

101

Women Veterans Health Care: Frequently Asked Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... Program Overview » Outreach Materials » FAQs Women Veterans Health Care Womens Health Women Veterans Health Care Home Program ... can I call for more help? What health care services are available to women Veterans? A full ...

102

Care and Respect for Elders in Emergencies program: a preliminary report of a volunteer approach to enhance care in the emergency department.  

PubMed

Older adults who present to an emergency department (ED) generally have more-complex medical conditions with complicated care needs and are at high risk for preventable adverse outcomes during their ED visit. The Care and Respect for Elders with Emergencies (CARE) volunteer initiative is a geriatric-focused volunteer program developed to help prevent avoidable complications such as falls, delirium and use of restraints, and functional decline in vulnerable elders in the ED. The CARE program consists of bedside volunteer interventions ranging from conversation to various short activities designed to engage and reorient high-risk, older, unaccompanied individuals in the ED. This article describes the development and characteristics of the CARE program, the services provided, the experiences of the elderly patients and their volunteers, and the growth of the program over time. CARE volunteers provide elders with the additional attention needed in an often chaotic, unfamiliar environment by enhancing their care, improving satisfaction, and preventing potential decline. PMID:24428229

Sanon, Martine; Baumlin, Kevin M; Kaplan, Shari Sirkin; Grudzen, Corita R

2014-02-01

103

Volunteer Community Representatives as Ombudsmen for the Elderly in Long-Term Care Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an age-integrated program serving residents in long-term care facilities in New York State. Describes the program's inception, the nature of recruitment efforts, and the content of the training program. A number of illustrations of volunteer ombudsmen interventions are presented for the purpose of providing an overview of services.…

Zischka, Pauline C.; Jones, Irene

1984-01-01

104

The role of ‘hidden’ community volunteers in community-based health service delivery platforms: examples from sub-Saharan Africa  

PubMed Central

Community-based research on child survival in sub-Saharan Africa has focussed on the increased provision of curative health services by a formalised cadre of lay community health workers (CHWs), but we have identified a particular configuration, that deserves closer scrutiny. We identified a two-tiered CHW system, with the first tier being the lessor known or ‘hidden’ community/village level volunteers and the second tier being formal, paid CHWs, in Ethiopia, Mali, and Niger. Whilst the disease-focussed tasks of the formal CHW tier may be more amenable to classic epidemiological surveillance, we postulate that understanding the relationship between formalised CHWs and volunteer cadres, in terms of scope, location of practice and ratio to population, would be important for a comprehensive evaluation of child survival in these countries. We report on the findings from our joint qualitative and quantitative investigations, highlighting the need to recognise the ‘hidden’ contribution of volunteers. We need to better characterize the volunteers’ interaction with community-based and primary care services and to better understand ways to improve the volunteer systems with the right type of investments. This is particularly important for considering the models for scale-up of CHWs in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:25770090

Leon, Natalie; Sanders, David; Van Damme, Wim; Besada, Donela; Daviaud, Emmanuelle; Oliphant, Nicholas P.; Berzal, Rocio; Mason, John; Doherty, Tanya

2015-01-01

105

The role of 'hidden' community volunteers in community-based health service delivery platforms: examples from sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

Community-based research on child survival in sub-Saharan Africa has focussed on the increased provision of curative health services by a formalised cadre of lay community health workers (CHWs), but we have identified a particular configuration, that deserves closer scrutiny. We identified a two-tiered CHW system, with the first tier being the lessor known or 'hidden' community/village level volunteers and the second tier being formal, paid CHWs, in Ethiopia, Mali, and Niger. Whilst the disease-focussed tasks of the formal CHW tier may be more amenable to classic epidemiological surveillance, we postulate that understanding the relationship between formalised CHWs and volunteer cadres, in terms of scope, location of practice and ratio to population, would be important for a comprehensive evaluation of child survival in these countries. We report on the findings from our joint qualitative and quantitative investigations, highlighting the need to recognise the 'hidden' contribution of volunteers. We need to better characterize the volunteers' interaction with community-based and primary care services and to better understand ways to improve the volunteer systems with the right type of investments. This is particularly important for considering the models for scale-up of CHWs in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:25770090

Leon, Natalie; Sanders, David; Van Damme, Wim; Besada, Donela; Daviaud, Emmanuelle; Oliphant, Nicholas P; Berzal, Rocio; Mason, John; Doherty, Tanya

2015-01-01

106

Contagious Ideas from Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial problems plague both higher education and health care, two sectors that struggle to meet public expectations for quality services at affordable rates. Both higher education and health care also have a complex bottom line, heavy reliance on relatively autonomous professionals, and clients who share personal responsibility for achieving…

Chaffee, Ellen

2009-01-01

107

Target Audience: Health care professionals  

E-print Network

Valerie has been a social worker for over 20 years working in a variety of settings including health care (palliative care, chronic ill- ness), child welfare, and do- mestic violence. Valerie is an Assistant fatigue, work/life balance, and end-of-life care. Valerie is also a meditation teacher trained in the use

Hitchcock, Adam P.

108

Teens, technology, and health care.  

PubMed

Teens are avid users of new technologies and social media. Nearly 95% of US adolescents are online at least occasionally. Health care professionals and organizations that work with teens should identify online health information that is both accurate and teen friendly. Early studies indicate that some of the new health technology tools are acceptable to teens, particularly texting, computer-based psychosocial screening, and online interventions. Technology is being used to provide sexual health education, medication reminders for contraception, and information on locally available health care services. This article reviews early and emerging studies of technology use to promote teen health. PMID:25124206

Leanza, Francesco; Hauser, Diane

2014-09-01

109

Health Professionals' Knowledge of Women's Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey responses from 71 health professionals, benchmarking data from 8 hospitals, continuing education program evaluations, and focus groups with nursing, allied health, and primary care providers indicated a need for professional continuing education on women's health issues. Primary topic needs were identified. The data formed the basis for…

Beatty, Rebecca M.

2000-01-01

110

Seasonal migration and health care.  

PubMed

This article examines health care use and issues among seasonal migrants in an urban setting in the Sunbelt. The study, based on a survey of 230 American and Canadian snowbirds in Phoenix, Arizona, complements previous research on health care use among Canadian snowbirds in Florida. Our results show that health care use among seasonal migrants in Phoenix is substantial, and it varies by citizenship (American vs. Canadian), age, number of winter visits, and length of winter stay. We argue that health care use is symptomatic of social and emotional attachments to the winter residence that develop and deepen over a period of years. Phoenix snowbirds view their lifestyles as healthy, they are adept in adjusting to health decrements, and the majority plan to continue spending time in both their summer and winter residences as long as their health permits. PMID:10131552

McHugh, K E; Mings, R C

1994-02-01

111

Health care's service fanatics.  

PubMed

The Cleveland Clinic has long had a reputation for medical excellence. But in 2009 the CEO acknowledged that patients did not think much of their experience there and decided to act. Since then the Clinic has leaped to the top tier of patient-satisfaction surveys, and it now draws hospital executives from around the world who want to study its practices. The Clinic's journey also holds Lessons for organizations outside health care that must suddenly compete by creating a superior customer experience. The authors, one of whom was critical to steering the hospital's transformation, detail the processes that allowed the Clinic to excel at patient satisfaction without jeopardizing its traditional strengths. Hospital leaders: Publicized the problem internally. Seeing the hospital's dismal service scores shocked employees into recognizing that serious flaws existed. Worked to understand patients' needs. Management commissioned studies to get at the root causes of dissatisfaction. Made everyone a caregiver. An enterprisewide program trained everyone, from physicians to janitors, to put the patient first. Increased employee engagement. The Clinic instituted a "caregiver celebration" program and redoubled other motivational efforts. Established new processes. For example, any patient, for any reason, can now make a same-day appointment with a single call. Set patients' expectations. Printed and online materials educate patients about their stays--before they're admitted. Operating a truly patient-centered organization, the authors conclude, isn't a program; it's a way of life. PMID:23898737

Merlino, James I; Raman, Ananth

2013-05-01

112

HEP:Health Ed Admin:Recruitment:2012:VC:Volunteer Coordinator Application 2012.doc 2012-13 Volunteer Coordinator Application  

E-print Network

, student organization involvement, other work and athletic responsibilities). 7. The following commitments quarters. ______ Attend mandatory training for paid student staff September 15, 17-21. ______ Attend-13 Volunteer Coordinator Application Health Education and Promotion (HEP) Student Health and Counseling

Leistikow, Bruce N.

113

Does the Relation between Volunteering and Well-Being Vary with Health and Age?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have established a positive association between organizational volunteering and well-being. In the current study, we examined whether the relations between organizational volunteering and positive affect, negative affect, and resilience are modified by respondents' age and number of chronic health conditions. This study used…

Okun, Morris A.; Rios, Rebeca; Crawford, Aaron V.; Levy, Roy

2011-01-01

114

The utility of a health risk assessment in providing care for a rural free clinic population  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Free clinics are an important part of our country's health safety net, serving a working poor uninsured population. With limited resources and heavily dependent upon volunteer health care providers, these clinics have historically focused on stopgap, band-aid solutions to the population's health problems. Embracing a new paradigm, free clinics are now prioritizing resources for disease prevention and health promotion.

Paula D Scariati; Cyndy Williams

2007-01-01

115

Hope for health and health care.  

PubMed

Virtually all activities of health care are motivated at some level by hope. Patients hope for a cure; for relief from pain; for a return home. Physicians hope to prevent illness in their patients; to make the correct diagnosis when illness presents itself; that their prescribed treatments will be effective. Researchers hope to learn more about the causes of illness; to discover new and more effective treatments; to understand how treatments work. Ultimately, all who work in health care hope to offer their patients hope. In this paper, I offer a brief analysis of hope, considering the definitions of Hobbes, Locke, Hume and Thomas Aquinas. I then differentiate shallow and deep hope and show how hope in health care can remain shallow. Next, I explore what a philosophy of deep hope in health care might look like, drawing important points from Ernst Bloch and Gabriel Marcel. Finally, I suggest some implications of this philosophy of hope for patients, physicians, and researchers. PMID:24846726

Stempsey, William E

2015-02-01

116

University Health Care Health Sciences Center  

E-print Network

visit, as the information is essential to providing the appropriate treatment for your child. Before and your child. University Health Care School of Medicine Division of Pediatric Nephrology & Hypertension

Feschotte, Cedric

117

Managing Home Health Care (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

Intensive Health Care at Home Kids can need intensive health care at home after they have been in the hospital ... dolls to help you practice different procedures. Home Health Care Assistance The hospital social worker can help families ...

118

Asian American health care attitudes.  

PubMed

This paper describes the results of a survey of health care attitudes of a sample of respondents primarily of Asian American background. The importance of bilingualism, Asian background, age, and other attributes of a physician are discussed with relation to subgroups in the sample. The relative importance of the influence of doctors, family, and friends on the choice of physician and health care facility are also presented. The findings may help with the development of effective market segmentation and improved health care service to the Asian American community. PMID:10538733

Perttula, W; Lowe, D; Quon, N S

1999-01-01

119

Rural health care: redefining access.  

PubMed

The population and demographics of rural America are shifting once again. As our nation's unprecedented health care reform unfolds, it is becoming clear that rural communities have unique strengths, and capitalizing on these strengths can position them well for this health care transformation. Equally important are the distinct challenges that--with careful planning, attention, and resources--can be transformed into opportunities to thrive in the new health care environment. The North Carolina Institute of Medicine's Task Force on Rural Health recently published a report that highlights the strengths and challenges of rural communities [1]. In order to fully leverage these opportunities, we must continue to acknowledge the fundamental importance of access to basic health care, while also broadening our discussion to collectively tackle the additional components necessary to create healthy, thriving rural communities. As we reexamine the needs of rural communities, we should broaden our discussions to include an expansion of the types of access that are necessary for strengthening rural health. Collaboration, successful recruitment and retention, availability of specialty services, quality care, and cost effectiveness are some of the issues that must come into discussions about access to services. With this in mind, this issue of the NCMJ explores opportunities to strengthen the health of North Carolina's rural communities. PMID:25621473

Collins, Chris

2015-01-01

120

Should I stay or should I go: a study of hospice palliative care volunteer satisfaction and retention.  

PubMed

Forty-one hospice palliative care volunteers (from 6 community- and 3 hospital-based programs) participated in informal group discussions regarding (1) what aspects of their work provide them with the most (and least) satisfaction; (2) why they continue to volunteer; and (3) why they might stop. In 5 of the 9 programs, volunteers said that feeling appreciated by the patients/families they support gave them great satisfaction. Boundary issues and/or role ambiguities were among the least satisfying aspects of their work, mentioned by volunteers in 4 programs. Volunteers in all 9 programs mentioned that they continue to volunteer because it makes a difference/helps others/meets a need in other people's lives. Among the reasons given for potentially stopping volunteering were a family crisis, burnout, old age, and other commitments. PMID:22241460

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Claxton-Oldfield, Jane

2012-11-01

121

Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... HIPAA compliance Federal and State Regulations/Legislative Resources Health Care Resources Press Releases Contact Us Find a Health Care Organization Accreditation Programs General information Application for survey ...

122

Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care Selecting quality behavioral health care services for yourself, a relative or friend requires special thought and attention. The Joint Commission on ...

123

Hospice Care  

MedlinePLUS

... end-of-life care. A team of health care professionals and volunteers provides it. They give medical, psychological, and spiritual support. The goal of the care is to help people who are dying have ...

124

Award Recipient Sharp HealthCare  

E-print Network

health care delivery system, serving greater than 27 percent of the county's 3 million plus residents enables Sharp to offer a full spectrum of health care services, from emergency, hospice, and mental health2007 Award Recipient Sharp HealthCare Sharp HealthCare is San Diego County's largest integrated

125

Agents of Change for Health Care Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely recognized throughout the health care industry that the United States leads the world in health care spending per capita. However, the chilling dose of reality for American health care consumers is that for all of their spending, the World Health Organization ranks the country's health care system 37th in overall performance--right…

Buchanan, Larry M.

2007-01-01

126

Unfair inequalities in health and health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inequalities in health and health care are caused by different factors. Measuring “unfair” inequalities implies that a distinction is introduced between causal variables leading to ethically legitimate inequalities and causal variables leading to ethically illegitimate inequalities. An example of the former could be life-style choices, an example of the latter is social background. We show how to derive measures of

Marc Fleurbaey; Erik Schokkaert

2009-01-01

127

Model Child Care Health Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawn from a review of policies at over 100 child care programs nationwide, the model health policies presented in this report are intended for adaptation and selective use by out-of-home child care facilities. Following an introduction, the report presents model policy forms with blanks for adding individualized information for the following…

Aronson, Susan; Smith, Herberta

128

Health care cost containment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prime objective of health policy is to improve the health of the population. This must be done with limited resources and at costs that do not impose an unsustainable burden on the economy and its international competitiveness. This is the crucial question to answer: Is the performance of the economy sufficient to allow further development of health services? If

Martin Dlouhý

1996-01-01

129

Indian Health Care. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undertaken at the request of House and Senate committees with responsibility for Indian affairs and government health programs, this study examines the health status of Indians and the services and technologies that are provided to them through Federal Indian health programs. The first half of the report contains background information and the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

130

Health care entrepreneurship: financing innovation.  

PubMed

Entrepreneurship is often described as the ability to create new ventures from new or existing concepts, ideas and visions. There has been significant entrepreneurial response to the changes in the scientific and social underpinnings of health care services delivery. However, a growing portion of the economic development driving health care industry expansion is threatened further by longstanding use of financing models that are suboptimal for health care ventures. The delayed pace of entrepreneurial activity in this industry is in part a response to the general economy and markets, but also due to the lack of capital for new health care ventures. The recent dearth of entrepreneurial activities in the health services sector may also due to failure to consider new approaches to partnerships and strategic ventures, despite their mutually beneficial organizational and financing potential. As capital becomes more scarce for innovators, it is imperative that those with new and creative ideas for health and health care improvement consider techniques for capital acquisition that have been successful in other industries and at similar stages of development. The capital and added expertise can allow entrepreneurs to leverage resources, dampen business fluctuations, and strengthen long term prospects. PMID:16583848

Grazier, Kyle L; Metzler, Bridget

2006-01-01

131

[Palliative care, health and region].  

PubMed

With the advent of the HPST (Hospital, Patients, Health and Regions) law, the area of Le Voironnais (Isère) and its healthcare institutions provide a structured health service favouring patients' access to palliative care whatever their age. To achieve this, they set up a management committee to which they integrated very early on a mobile palliative care team (EMSP). Despite their diversity, the institutions follow a common strategy in which the needs of elderly patients requiring palliative care are recognised in all accommodation sectors. PMID:20560273

Bertrand, Malik; Mallon, Anne-Catherine

2010-01-01

132

Health Care Provider Initiative Strategic Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lays out the strategy for achieving the goals and objectives of NEETF's "Health Care Provider Initiative." The goal of NEETF's "Health Care Provider Initiative" is to incorporate environmental health into health professionals' education and practice in order to improve health care and public health, with a special emphasis on…

National Environmental Education & Training Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

133

The Health Care Home Model: Primary Health Care Meeting Public Health Goals  

PubMed Central

In November 2010, the American Public Health Association endorsed the health care home model as an important way that primary care may contribute to meeting the public health goals of increasing access to care, reducing health disparities, and better integrating health care with public health systems. Here we summarize the elements of the health care home (also called the medical home) model, evidence for its clinical and public health efficacy, and its place within the context of health care reform legislation. The model also has limitations, especially with regard to its degree of involvement with the communities in which care is delivered. Several actions could be undertaken to further develop, implement, and sustain the health care home. PMID:22515874

Greene, Danielle

2012-01-01

134

Health Care Reform Is Coming  

Microsoft Academic Search

During my career in Congress, we have achieved some success in expanding health insurance coverage and keeping services affordable, but the problem of 46 million uninsured and 25 million underinsured must be addressed. In February 2009, I introduced the Healthy Americans Act (S. 391\\/H.R. 1321; Wyden, 2009), a comprehensive bipartisan health care reform bill that covers all Americans without breaking

Ron Wyden

2009-01-01

135

RESEARCH ARTICLE Health Care Outcomes  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Health Care Outcomes The CABG Surgery Volume­Outcome Relationship: Temporal Trends's Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD). Principal Findings. We found that during) from 2003 to 2004. Study Design. The patient was the primary unit of analysis, and in-hospital mor

Rocke, David M.

136

Help Yourself to Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A booklet on health care for limited English speakers provides information on choosing the right doctor, buying medicine, paying the bill, and the individual's role in maintaining his or her health. Cartoons, questions and puzzles concerning the message in cartoons and narrative passages, checklists about an individual's personal habits related to…

Snyder, Sarah

137

ALTERNATIVE HEALTH CARE FINANCING MODELS  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growing mechanized life styles, human beings, especially the female generations are increasingly getting exposed to a variety of health and life risks and hazards. It has therefore, become imperative on the part of individuals and also governments to focus their efforts on a search for alternatives to meet the phenomenal rise in the expenses related to health care.

V. Jayalakshmi; Mahatma Gandhi

138

Health Care Basics: Choosing the  

E-print Network

(adult/pediatric) · Diabetes · Cardiovascular Disease · Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) · Chronic Kidney Disease · Chronic2012 Health Care Basics: Choosing the Best Option for Your Health "Creating A More Educated Georgia and treatment; general and targeted outreach and reminders to members; patient education and self

Hutcheon, James M.

139

Health care fraud and abuse.  

PubMed

In recent years, health care fraud and abuse have become major issues, in part because of the rising cost of health care, industry consolidation, the emergence of private "whistle-blowers," and a change in the concept of fraud to include an emerging concern about quality of care. The 3 types of conduct that are generally prohibited by health care fraud laws are false claims, kickbacks, and self-referrals. False claims are subject to several criminal, civil, and administrative prohibitions, notably the federal civil False Claims Act. Kickbacks, or inducements with the intent to influence the purchase or sale of health care-related goods or services, are prohibited under the federal Anti-Kickback statute as well as by state laws. Finally, self-referrals-the referral of patients to an entity with which the referring physician has a financial relationship-are outlawed by the Ethics in Patient Referral Act as well as numerous state statutes. Consequences of violations of these laws can include, in addition to imprisonment and fines, civil monetary penalties, loss of licensure, loss of staff privileges, and exclusion from participation in federal health care programs. Federal criminal and civil statutes are enforced by the US Department of Justice; administrative actions are pursued by the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Inspector General; and all state actions are pursued by the individual states. In addition, private whistle-blowers may, acting in the name of the United States, file suit against an entity under the False Claims Act. Enforcement of health care fraud and abuse laws has become increasingly commonplace and now affects many mainstream providers. This trend is likely to continue. PMID:10501120

Kalb, P E

140

UK HealthCare University of Kentucky  

E-print Network

HealthCare construction and facilities news In thIs Issue: UK HealthCare and Norton Healthcare officialsUK HealthCare University of Kentucky 800 Rose St. Lexington KY 40536 RENEWALYour resource for the latest UK HealthCare construction and facilities news WINTER 2011 RENEWALYour resource for the latest UK

MacAdam, Keith

141

Patient Care Experiences for Professional Health Careers Preparation Below is a list of the different types of health care experiences that professional schools  

E-print Network

/Therapist/Counselor Radiological Technician Respiratory Therapist Speech Therapist/Assistant Social Worker (clinical setting Emergency Room Technician Home- Health Aide Hospice Aide Hospital/Clinic/Nursing Home Facility Volunteer Massage Therapist in Health Care Setting Medical Assistant Medical Technologist/Technician Nurse, RN

142

Navigating Health Care with Your Family Doctor  

MedlinePLUS

Navigating Health Care with Your Family Doctor Navigating Health Care With Your Family Doctor To be a smart patient, it’s best ... range of medical conditions. Family Medicine and Preventive Care This video describes family physicians' special training in ...

143

Health Care Reform and Alzheimer's Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... care and research. Subscribe now Medicare and the health care reform law Drug rebates for seniors At a ... Detection of possible cognitive impairment under Medicare The health care reform law created a new Medicare benefit to ...

144

How can I help you? A study of the perceived importance of different kinds of hospice palliative care volunteer support.  

PubMed

A total of 143 adults were asked to imagine that they had recently been diagnosed with a life-threatening illness. After reading about the roles of hospice palliative care volunteers, participants were asked whether they would use the services of a volunteer to help them and their loved ones get through this difficult time. The vast majority (94.4%) of the participants said they would choose to have a volunteer. These participants were then asked to rate the importance of 23 different supportive tasks that volunteers can perform. These tasks reflected the different kinds of support--emotional, social, practical, informational, and religious/spiritual--that hospice palliative care volunteers typically provide. Overall, the practical support category (eg, ''Having the volunteer run errands for me'') received the highest mean importance rating. Significant gender differences were found for the categories of emotional support (eg, ''Having the volunteer hold my hand'') and social support (eg, ''Having the volunteer share hobbies and interests with me''), with females rating both of these kinds of support as being more important to them than males did. The findings of this study may have practical implications for volunteer program coordinators. PMID:21051783

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Gosselin, Natasha

2011-06-01

145

Primary care: can it solve employers' health care dilemma?  

PubMed

Employers are beginning to recognize that investing in the primary care foundation of the health care system may help address their problems of rising health care costs and uneven quality. Primary care faces a crisis as a growing number of U.S. medical graduates are avoiding primary care careers because of relatively low reimbursement and an unsatisfying work life. Yet a strong primary care sector has been associated with reduced health care costs and improved quality. Through the Patient-Centered Primary Care Collaborative and other efforts, some large employers are engaged in initiatives to strengthen primary care. PMID:18180490

Sepulveda, Martin-J; Bodenheimer, Thomas; Grundy, Paul

2008-01-01

146

Engineering VA Health Care  

E-print Network

engineers to be effective Healthcare Technology Program Managers in the Veterans Health Administration and managerial skills to healthcare technology. In addition, the intern will receive assignments to prepare program, and coordinating new medical technology implementations. Throughout the training program

Adams, Mark

147

Understanding the role of the volunteer in specialist palliative care: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies  

PubMed Central

Background Volunteers make a major contribution to palliative patient care, and qualitative studies have been undertaken to explore their involvement. With the aim of making connections between existing studies to derive enhanced meanings, we undertook a systematic review of these qualitative studies including synthesising the findings. We sought to uncover how the role of volunteers with direct contact with patients in specialist palliative care is understood by volunteers, patients, their families, and staff. Methods We searched for relevant literature that explored the role of the volunteer including electronic citation databases and reference lists of included studies, and also undertook handsearches of selected journals to find studies which met inclusion criteria. We quality appraised included studies, and synthesised study findings using a novel synthesis method, thematic synthesis. Results We found 12 relevant studies undertaken in both inpatient and home-care settings, with volunteers, volunteer coordinators, patients and families. Studies explored the role of general volunteers as opposed to those offering any professional skills. Three theme clusters were found: the distinctness of the volunteer role, the characteristics of the role, and the volunteer experience of the role. The first answers the question, is there a separate volunteer role? We found that to some extent the role was distinctive. The volunteer may act as a mediator between the patient and the staff. However, we also found some contradictions. Volunteers may take on temporary surrogate family-type relationship roles. They may also take on some of the characteristics of a paid professional. The second cluster helps to describe the essence of the role. Here, we found that the dominant feature was that the role is social in nature. The third helps to explain aspects of the role from the point of view of volunteers themselves. It highlighted that the role is seen by volunteers as flexible, informal and sometimes peripheral. These characteristics some volunteers find stressful. Conclusions This paper demonstrates how qualitative research can be sythnesised systematically, extending methodological techniques to help answer difficult research questions. It provides information that may help managers and service planners to support volunteers appropriately. PMID:24506971

2014-01-01

148

Introduction of Gynefix as a choice in reproductive health care.  

PubMed

Marie Stopes International (MSI) provides reproductive health care worldwide through more than 100 projects in over 20 countries. The author reports her experience training MSI staff in Kenya about Gynefix. The several-day course of training was provided at the central Kencom clinic in Nairobi to the two local doctors, nurses from the surrounding clinics, and representatives from Tanzania. The nurses were senior tutors in their own centers who, after training, would train health personnel on Gynefix in their areas. Experience gained through training would also be disseminated to Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Uganda. The technology was first taught using foam models and a pelvic model, then among method acceptors who volunteered to participate in the hands-on training. The trained nurses and doctors were equally competent in and comfortable with providing Gynefix. Reproductive health care services in the UK should follow MSI's example of providing comprehensive reproductive health care services and choices in local communities and outlying facilities. PMID:9719715

Murty, J

1998-07-01

149

A Study of Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Physician-Assisted Suicide.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of hospice palliative care (HPC) volunteers who provide in-home support (n = 47) and members of the community (n = 58) toward the issue of physician-assisted suicide (PAS). On the first part of the survey, participants responded to 15 items designed to assess their attitudes toward PAS. An examination of individual items revealed differences in opinions among members of both the groups. Responses to additional questions revealed that the majority of volunteers and community members (1) support legalizing PAS; (2) would choose HPC over PAS for themselves if they were terminally ill; and (3) think Canadians should place more priority on developing HPC rather than on legalizing PAS. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:24563028

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Miller, Kathryn

2014-02-21

150

PHAR 3207 Leadership in Health Care PHAR 5207 Applied Leadership in Health Care  

E-print Network

PHAR 3207 Leadership in Health Care PHAR 5207 Applied Leadership in Health Care Course Syllabus exploring leadership theories as they relate to health care; professional health care students; and graduate students with interest in the subject of leadership within health care organizations. [Moodle: Course

Thomas, David D.

151

Health Care in the United States [and] Health Care Issues: A Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article on American health care which focuses on health care costs and benefits is combined with a lesson plan on health care issues to enable students to consider both issues of cost effectiveness and morality in decisions about the allocation of health care. The article covers the history of interest in health care, the reasons for the…

Lewis, John; Dempsey, Joanne R.

1984-01-01

152

Finding Low-Cost Mental Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Teens > Mind > Mental Health > Finding Low-Cost Mental Health Care Print A A A Text Size What's in ... if you're concerned about paying for mental health care. Lots of people need help and worry that ...

153

Manpower for Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is a collection of six papers on key problems in health manpower which were presented at a symposium during the 1974 spring meeting of the Institute of Medicine. A seventh paper provides a summary of the major themes at the conclusion of the program. All of the symposium papers deal with the principal manpower issues of supply,…

Institute of Medicine (NAS), Washington, DC.

154

Training Health Care Paraprofessionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the allied health occupations training programs offered by Brevard Community College (Cocoa, Florida) covers organization of the division, objectives, selection and admission process, instructional delivery system, clinical facilities, advisory committees, high school relations, continuing education programs, and program success.…

Linton, Corinne B.

1977-01-01

155

Brentwood Community Health Care Assessment  

PubMed Central

Background The Community Alliance for Research Empowering Social Change (CARES) is an academic–community research partnership designed to train community members on research methods and develop the infrastructure for community-based participatory research (CBPR) to examine and address racial/ethnic health disparities. The Brentwood Community Health Assessment (BCHA) was developed through a CBPR pilot project grant from CARES. Objectives The purpose of the BCHA is to assess health care utilization and identify existing barriers to health care access among a multi-ethnic community in the Hamlet of Brentwood, New York. Methods Using CBPR approaches, the community–academic research partnership develop the study design and survey instrument. Trained Bilingual (English/Spanish) data collectors verbally administered surveys door-to-door to residents of Brentwood from October 2010 to May 2011. Inclusion criteria required participants to be at least 18 years of age and speak either English or Spanish. Results Overall, 232 residents completed the BCHA; 49% were male, 66% Hispanic, 13% non-Hispanic White, 13% non-Hispanic Black, 29% had less than a high school education, and 33% were born in United States. The assessment results revealed that most residents are able to access health care when needed and the most significant barriers to health care access are insurance and cost. Conclusions We describe the community–academic partnered process used to develop and implement the BCHA and report assessment findings; the community-partnered approach improved data collection and allowed access into one of Suffolk County’s most vulnerable communities. PMID:24859100

Goodman, Melody S.; Gonzalez, Maria; Gil, Sandra; Si, Xuemei; Pashoukos, Judith L.; Stafford, Jewel D.; Ford, Elsa; Pashoukos, Dennis A.

2015-01-01

156

Phytotherapy in primary health care  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To characterize the integration of phytotherapy in primary health care in Brazil. METHODS Journal articles and theses and dissertations were searched for in the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Theses Portal Capes, between January 1988 and March 2013. We analyzed 53 original studies on actions, programs, acceptance and use of phytotherapy and medicinal plants in the Brazilian Unified Health System. Bibliometric data, characteristics of the actions/programs, places and subjects involved and type and focus of the selected studies were analyzed. RESULTS Between 2003 and 2013, there was an increase in publications in different areas of knowledge, compared with the 1990-2002 period. The objectives and actions of programs involving the integration of phytotherapy into primary health care varied: including other treatment options, reduce costs, reviving traditional knowledge, preserving biodiversity, promoting social development and stimulating inter-sectorial actions. CONCLUSIONS Over the past 25 years, there was a small increase in scientific production on actions/programs developed in primary care. Including phytotherapy in primary care services encourages interaction between health care users and professionals. It also contributes to the socialization of scientific research and the development of a critical vision about the use of phytotherapy and plant medicine, not only on the part of professionals but also of the population. PMID:25119949

Antonio, Gisele Damian; Tesser, Charles Dalcanale; Moretti-Pires, Rodrigo Otavio

2014-01-01

157

Health Care Procedure Considerations and Individualized Health Care Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers need to maintain a safe, healthy environment for all their students in order to promote learning. However, there are additional considerations when students require health care procedures, such as tube feeding or clean intermittent catheterization. Teachers must effectively monitor their students and understand their roles and…

Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Avant, Mary Jane Thompson

2011-01-01

158

Total quality in health care.  

PubMed

Quality is at the top of American consumers' demand list, and consequently American manufacturing companies have been forced to assign priority to the development of high-quality products. To improve the quality of what they offer, many manufacturers use the management philosophy known as total quality management (TQM), and now the service sector is following in their footsteps. The health care industry is a good example of a service industry that can benefit greatly from TQM, and it is the purpose of this article to show how a health care provider can implement TQM and evaluate its effects. PMID:10178544

Brannan, K M

1998-05-01

159

Aids for Health and Home Extension Volunteers. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains various aids for Peace Corps home extension volunteers. Section I, "Culture Resource Material," contains four articles by Paul Benjamin: (1) "Values in American Culture"; (2) "The Cultural Context of Health Education"; (3) "Problems of Introducing Public Health Programs in 'Underdeveloped Areas'"; and (4) "The Role of Beliefs…

Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

160

Health Care Reform and Asthma Care Disparities in Minority Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma affects almost 23 million people in the United States and ranks as a leading cause of health disparities among minority and low socioeconomic groups, with the largest impact on minority children. This article will examine how fragmented health care in the United States contributes to asthma care disparities in minority populations and will discuss how health care reform may

Lisa Cambridge

2011-01-01

161

Health care reform and federalism.  

PubMed

Health policy debates are replete with discussions of federalism, most often when advocates of reform put their hopes in states. But health policy literature is remarkably silent on the question of allocation of authority, rarely asking which levels of government ought to lead. We draw on the larger literatures about federalism, found mostly in political science and law, to develop a set of criteria for allocating health policy authority between states and the federal government. They are social justice, procedural democracy, compatibility with value pluralism, institutional capability, and economic sustainability. Of them, only procedural democracy and compatibility with value pluralism point to state leadership. In examining these criteria, we conclude that American policy debates often get federalism backward, putting the burden of health care coverage policy on states that cannot enact or sustain it, while increasing the federal role in issues where the arguments for state leadership are compelling. We suggest that the federal government should lead present and future financing of health care coverage, since it would require major changes in American intergovernmental relations to make innovative state health care financing sustainable outside a strong federal framework. PMID:20388867

Greer, Scott L; Jacobson, Peter D

2010-04-01

162

Parkland Health Care Campus  

E-print Network

Total qty. Platinum level: 3 These are projects that have been certified via LEED for New Construction (LEED-NC) or LEED for Healthcare. Source USGBC Kiowa County Memorial Hospital OHSU Ctr for Health nd Healing Dell Children?s Hospital ESL...% reduction (in Hospital) Increase energy efficiency 17.5 ? 21% On track to exceed LEED for Healthcare (LEED-HC) Not pursuing ESL-KT-11-11-19 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-19 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 A...

Jones, W., Sr.

2011-01-01

163

Health care in the borderland.  

PubMed

For over 30 years, Hidalgo County, a geographically isolated and financially stressed community in the southwestern corner of New Mexico, has struggled to develop a stable primary health care service.The retirement of the county's general practitioner in the 1970s was followed by several decades of misses, near-misses, and out-and-out failures, when the community found it difficult to attract and impossible to keep a physician. In order to organize and fund a stable medical clinic, the community had to adapt to the realities of a new era in medicine. Primary care physicians in rural communities need access to medical information and to specialists, help in coping with the economic pressures of medical care, and support that will enable them to develop a sustainable lifestyle. Hidalgo County now has a modern health care delivery system. The experiences that led to the creation of the present clinic provide insight into the problems for the delivery of primary health care in remote areas and suggest solutions that may be relevant to other communities across rural America. PMID:14593224

Treeson, David

2003-01-01

164

Six Sigma in health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six Sigma, originally initiated by Motorola and General Electric, offers a process improvement strategy that has been successfully applied in manufacturing. Service firms have recently trended toward Six Sigma methodology for internal processes and consumer centric. The paper discusses implementing Six Sigma in the health-care sector. The paper introduces the challenges that face implementing Six Sigma in services, with a

Loay Sehwail; Camille DeYong

2003-01-01

165

Health care insolvency and bankruptcy.  

PubMed

Bankruptcy is an event that is often considered a business' worst nightmare. Debt, lawyers, and the U.S. government can lead to the eventual destruction of a business. This article shows how declaring bankruptcy can be a helpful instrument in continuing a successful venture in the health care marketplace. PMID:10182242

Handelsman, L; Speiser, M; Maltz, A; Kirpalani, S

1998-08-01

166

Health Care Visits to Check More Than Just Health?  

MedlinePLUS

... News Spotlights Media Resources Selected Profiles & Interviews Multimedia Health Care Visits to Check More Than Just Health? Skip ... media links Share this: Page Content Study Shows Health Care Providers Can Help with School Readiness During Primary ...

167

Report on Health Care Education in Nevada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document attempts to determine whether the University and Community College System of Nevada (UCCSN) is preparing a health care workforce that is appropriate for the current and future health care needs of the state of Nevada. To assess this issue, the system collected and analyzed current data in terms of the state of health and health care

Nevada Univ. and Community Coll. System, Reno. Office of the Chancellor.

168

[Managing diversity in Swiss Health care].  

PubMed

The development of Migrant Friendly Hospitals is an important first step towards eliminating health care disparities in Switzerland and an important reminder to health policy makers and practitioners across the health care system of their responsibility to provide non-discriminatory quality health care to all patients. PMID:25603570

Bodenmann, P; Bossart, R; Di Bernardo, N; Dominice Dao, M; Durieux, S; Faucherre, F; Hudelson, P; Keller, M; Schuster, S; Zellweger, E; Houmard, S

2014-11-19

169

Health Care Access among Latinos: Implications for Social and Health Care Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the Institute of Medicine, health care access is defined as "the degree to which people are able to obtain appropriate care from the health care system in a timely manner." Two key components of health care access are medical insurance and having access to a usual source of health care. Recent national data show that 34% of Latino…

Perez-Escamilla, Rafael

2010-01-01

170

Agent-based health care management An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management  

E-print Network

Agent-based health care management 1 An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management Jun Huang1, London WC2A 3PX, UK. Abbreviated title: Agent-based health care management Complete Mailing Address. London E1 4NS UK #12;Agent-based health care management 2 Abstract The provision of medical care

Mascardi, Viviana

171

Disparities in health care: an overview.  

PubMed

The most important predictor of quality of health care across all racial and ethnic groups is access, especially insurance status and the ability to pay for health care. If we consider populations with equal access to health care, two groups emerge with differing qualities of health care: non-minority and minority populations. When studies control for the stage of disease at presentation, comorbidities, severity of illness, and other variables, substantial differences in health care based on race and ethnicity can still be found. Raising the consciousness of this issue is an important step toward recognizing and eliminating health care disparities. PMID:14597489

Cohen, Jordan J

2003-11-01

172

What can volunteer co-providers contribute to health systems? The role of people living with HIV in the Thai paediatric HIV programme.  

PubMed

In Thailand people living with HIV (PLHIV) have played a major role in shaping policy and practice. They have acted as volunteer co-providers, although their potential in terms of paediatric service provision has seldom been explored from a health systems perspective. We describe the Thai paediatric HIV care system and use both demand- and supply-side perspectives to explore the impact, opportunities and challenges of PLHIV acting as volunteer co-providers. We employed qualitative methods to assess experiences and perceptions and triangulate stakeholder perspectives. Data were collected in Khon Kaen province, in the poorest Northeastern region of Thailand: three focus group discussions and two workshops (total participants n = 31) with co-providers and hospital staff; interviews with ART service-users (n = 35). Nationally, key informant interviews were conducted with policy actors (n = 20). Volunteer co-providers were found to be ideally placed to broker the link between clinic and communities for HIV infected children and played an important part in the vital psychosocial support component of HIV care. As co-providers they were recognized as having multiple roles linking and delivering services in clinics and communities. Clear emerging needs include strengthened coordination and training as well as strategies to support funding. Using motivated volunteers with a shared HIV status as co-providers for specific clinical services can contribute to strengthening health systems in Asia; they are critical players in delivering care (supply side) and being responsive to service-users needs (demand side). Co-providers blur the boundaries between these two spheres. Sustaining and optimising co-providers' contribution to health systems strengthening requires a health systems approach. Our findings help to guide policy makers and service providers on how to balance clinical priorities with psycho-social responsiveness and on how best to integrate the views and experience of volunteers into a holistic model of care. PMID:25239008

Tulloch, Olivia; Taegtmeyer, Miriam; Ananworanich, Jintanat; Chasombat, Sanchai; Kosalaraksa, Pope; Theobald, Sally

2014-09-10

173

Budgeting in health care systems.  

PubMed

During the last decade there has been a recognition that all health care systems, public and private, are characterised by perverse incentives (especially moral hazard and third party pays) which generate inefficiency in the use of scarce economic resources. Inefficiency is unethical: doctors who use resources inefficiently deprive potential patients of care from which they could benefit. To eradicate unethical and inefficient practices two economic rules have to be followed: (i) no service should be provided if its total costs exceed its total benefits; (ii) if total benefits exceed total costs, the level of provision should be at that level at which the additional input cost (marginal cost) is equal to the additional benefits (marginal benefit). This efficiency test can be applied to health care systems, their component parts and the individuals (especially doctors) who control resource allocation within them. Unfortunately, all health care systems neither generate this relevant decision making data nor are they flexible enough to use it to affect health care decisions. There are two basic varieties of budgeting system: resource based and production targeted. The former generates obsession with cash limits and too little regard of the benefits, particularly at the margins, of alternative patterns of resource allocation. The latter generates undue attention to the production of processes of care and scant regard for costs, especially at the margins. Consequently, one set of budget rules may lead to cost containment regardless of benefits and the other set of budget rules may lead to output maximization regardless of costs. To close this circle of inefficiency it is necessary to evolve market-like structures. To do this a system of client group (defined broadly across all existing activities public and private) budgets is advocated with an identification of the budget holder who has the capacity to shift resources and seek out cost effective policies. Negotiated output targets with defined budgets and incentives for decision makers to economise in their use of resources are being incorporated into experiments in the health care systems of Western Europe and the United States. Undue optimism about the success of these experiments must be avoided because these problems have existed in the West and in the Soviet bloc for decades and efficient solutions are noticeable by their absence. PMID:10269645

Maynard, A

1984-01-01

174

Training meals on wheels volunteers as health literacy coaches for older adults.  

PubMed

Homebound older adults constitute a "hardly reached" population with respect to health communication. Older adults also typically suffer from health literacy challenges, which put them at increased risk of adverse health outcomes. Suboptimal interactions with providers are one such challenge. Interventions to improve interactive health literacy focus on training consumers/patients in question preparation and asking. Meals on Wheels volunteers are uniquely suited to coach their clients in such interaction strategies. Seventy-three Meals on Wheels volunteers participated in workshops to train as health literacy coaches. The 3- to 4-hour workshops included units on communicating with older adults, on the nature of health literacy, and on the process of interactive health literacy coaching. Participants viewed and discussed videos that modeled the targeted communication behaviors for older adult patients interacting with physicians. They role-played the coaching process. After 9 months, coaches participated in a "booster" session that included videos of ideal coaching practices. Evaluation questionnaires revealed that participants had favorable reactions to the workshops with respect to utility and interest. They especially appreciated learning communication skills and seeing realistic videos. A measure of knowledge about the workshop material revealed a significant increment at posttest. Fidelity of coaching practices with respect to workshop curriculum was confirmed. This training in interactive health literacy for community-based lay volunteers constitutes one way to implement the National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy for one "hardly reached" population. An online tool kit containing all workshop materials is available. PMID:23877229

Rubin, Donald L; Freimuth, Vicki S; Johnson, Sharon D; Kaley, Terry; Parmer, John

2014-05-01

175

Job satisfaction in health-care organizations  

PubMed Central

Job satisfaction among health-care professionals acquires significance for the purpose of maximization of human resource potential. This article is aimed at emphasizing importance of studying various aspects of job satisfaction in health-care organizations. PMID:23766585

Bhatnagar, Kavita; Srivastava, Kalpana

2012-01-01

176

The Cultural Geography of Health Care Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shows how health care delivery is related to cultural or human geography. This is accomplished by describing health care delivery in terms of 12 popular themes of cultural geography. (JDH)

Gesler, Wilbert M.

1987-01-01

177

CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Making Health Care Safer Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now ... CRE infections on your state's Notifiable Diseases list. Health Care CEOs/Medical Officers can Require and strictly enforce ...

178

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Pheochromocytoma?  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Resources and Publications En Español How do health care providers diagnose pheochromocytoma? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content A health care provider uses blood and urine tests that measure ...

179

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Vulvodynia?  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Resources and Publications En Español How do health care providers diagnose vulvodynia? Skip sharing on social media ... been ruled out. To diagnose vulvodynia, 1 a health care provider may recommend that a woman have blood ...

180

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Endometriosis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Resources and Publications En Español How do health care providers diagnose endometriosis? Skip sharing on social media ... under a microscope, to confirm the diagnosis. 1 Health care providers may also use imaging methods to produce ...

181

Transitions: From Pediatric to Adult Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Businesses & Schools > Transitions Transitions From Pediatric to Adult Health Care Transitioning from teenage years to adulthood can be ... management and make more independent judgments about their health care needs. NDEP has assembled the materials below to ...

182

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Hypoparathyroidism?  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications How do health care providers diagnose hypoparathyroidism? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content A health care provider will order a blood test to determine ...

183

Five Steps to Safer Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... on your PDA or mobile device Health Care Innovations Exchange Innovations and Tools to Improve Quality and Reduce Disparities ... Comparative Effectiveness Cross-Agency Communications Health Information Technology Innovations & Emerging Issues Patient Safety Prevention & Care Management Value ...

184

FastStats: Home Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... Submit What's this? Submit Button NCHS Home Home Health Care Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Data are ... Data Alzheimer’s disease Characteristics and Use of Home Health Care by Men and Women Aged 65 and Over [ ...

185

Organ procurement and health care chaplaincy in Australia.  

PubMed

As part of an Australian national project, quantitative data via a survey were retrospectively obtained from 327 Australian health care chaplains (staff and volunteer chaplains) to initially identify chaplaincy participation in various bioethical issues-including organ procurement. Over a third of surveyed staff chaplains (38%) and almost a fifth of volunteer chaplains (19.2%) indicted that they had, in some way, been involved in organ procurement issues with patients and/or their families. Nearly one-fifth of staff chaplains (19%) and 12% of volunteer chaplains had also assisted clinical staff concerning various organ procurement issues. One hundred of the surveyed chaplains volunteered to an interview. Qualitative data were subsequently coded from 42 of the chaplains who had been involved in organ procurement requests. These data were thematically coded using the World Health Organization 'Pastoral Intervention Codings' (WHO-PICs). The qualitative data revealed that through a variety of pastoral interventions a number of chaplains (the majority being staff chaplains) were engaged in the critical and sensitive issues of organ procurement. It is argued that while such involvement can help to ensure a holistic and ethically appropriate practice, it is suggested that chaplains could be better utilized not only in the organ procurement process but also for the training of other chaplains and clinicians. PMID:19728096

Carey, Lindsay B; Robinson, Priscilla; Cohen, Jeffrey

2011-09-01

186

New Directions in HealthCare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managed health care, health maintenance organizations, and other cost containment measures driven by the private sector in conjunction with Congressionally funded initiatives are serving as the guiding forces in health-care reform in the United States. Within this move toward restructuring health-care services, the role of nurse practitioners is expanding and evolving. Nurse practitioners provide high-quality, cost-effective, and comprehensive primary care

Jeanette Lancaster; Wade Lancaster; Lisa L Onega

2000-01-01

187

Ethics and geographical equity in health care  

PubMed Central

Important variations in access to health care and health outcomes are associated with geography, giving rise to profound ethical concerns. This paper discusses the consequences of such concerns for the allocation of health care finance to geographical regions. Specifically, it examines the ethical drivers underlying capitation systems, which have become the principal method of allocating health care finance to regions in most countries. Although most capitation systems are based on empirical models of health care expenditure, there is much debate about which needs factors to include in (or exclude from) such models. This concern with legitimate and illegitimate drivers of health care expenditure reflects the ethical concerns underlying the geographical distribution of health care finance. Key Words: Health economics • resource allocation • ethics of regional health care finance • capitation systems PMID:11479357

Rice, N.; Smith, P.

2001-01-01

188

Family-Focused Mental Health Care Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health care is undergoing many changes that affect families, which continue to provide much of the day-to-day care for mentally ill persons. This article reviews the history of mental health care in the United States from 1940 to the present as it has changed from a system of programs providing institutional care to a system of programs providing community

Mary Ann Camann

1996-01-01

189

Improving educationalpreparation for transcultural health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing evidence that the health care needs of people from black and ethnic minoritygroups in England are not being met. A growing number of initiatives are being undertaken to remedy the situation. Many of them are focused on health care delivery at local and national levels. However, unless the preparation of health care professionals in the area of

Rita M. H. Le Var

1998-01-01

190

Improving primary health care through technological innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary As a result of policy changes and developments on the demand side, the im- portance of technology in primary health care will grow fast. An approach to the implementation of new technologies in primary health care is presented in this arti- cle. First we describe the main problems in Dutch primary health care. The second step is to identify

Peter P. Groenewegen; Jack B. F. Hutten

1989-01-01

191

Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management"  

E-print Network

Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management" an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald die fol- gende Studienordnung für den Masterstudiengang ,,Health Care Manage- ment" als Satzung Masterstudiengang (M.Sc.) ,,Health Care Management" an der Ernst-Moritz- Arndt-Universität Greifswald vom 15. März

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

192

Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management"  

E-print Network

1 Studienordnung des Masterstudiengangs ,,Health Care Management" an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald die folgende Studienordnung für den Masterstudiengang ,,Health Care Management" als Satzung Master- studiengang (M.Sc.) ,,Health Care Management" an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

193

Fachprfungsordnung des Masterstudiengangs Health Care Management  

E-print Network

Fachprüfungsordnung des Masterstudiengangs Health Care Management an der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifs- wald die folgende Prüfungsordnung für den Masterstudiengang (M. Sc.) ,,Health Care Management Prüfungsverfahren im Studiengang ,,Health Care Management". Ergänzend gilt die Gemeinsame Prüfungsord- nung für

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

194

Rethinking primary health care ethics: ethics in contemporary primary health care in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethics have long been recognized as underpinning primary health care. While dis- crete understandings of ethics have developed to support many areas of health care and research, there has been little attempt to formulate an ethics framework which is focused on primary health care. Developments both within and external to primary health care practice make it timely to address primary

Robyn Martin

2004-01-01

195

Volunteer Watershed Health Monitoring by Local Stakeholders: New Mexico Watershed Watch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteers monitor watershed health in more than 700 programs in the US, involving over 400,000 local stakeholders. New Mexico Watershed Watch is a student-based watershed monitoring program sponsored by the state's Department of Game and Fish which provides high school teachers and students with instruction on methods for water quality…

Fleming, William

2003-01-01

196

Contribution of the Community Health Volunteers in the Control of Buruli Ulcer in Bénin  

PubMed Central

Background Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected tropical disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Usually BU begins as a painless nodule, plaque or edema, ultimately developing into an ulcer. The high number of patients presenting with ulcers in an advanced stage is striking. Such late presentation will complicate treatment and have long-term disabilities as a consequence. The disease is mainly endemic in West Africa. The primary strategy for control of this disease is early detection using community village volunteers. Methodology/Principal Findings In this retrospective, observational study, information regarding Buruli ulcer patients that reported to one of the four BU centers in Bénin between January 2008 and December 2010 was collected using the WHO/BU01 forms. Information used from these forms included general characteristics of the patient, the results of diagnostic tests, the presence of functional limitations at start of treatment, lesion size, patient delay and the referral system. The role of the different referral systems on the stage of disease at presentation in the hospital was analyzed by a logistic regression analysis. About a quarter of the patients (26.5%) were referred to the hospital by the community health volunteers. In our data set, patients referred to the hospital by community health volunteers appeared to be in an earlier stage of disease than patients referred by other methods, but after adjustment by the regression analysis for the health center, this effect could no longer be seen. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for IS2404 positivity rate among patients referred by the community health volunteers was not systematically lower than in patients referred by other systems. Conclusions/Significance This study clarifies the role played by community health volunteers in Bénin, and shows that they play an important role in the control of BU. PMID:25275562

Barogui, Yves Thierry; Sopoh, Ghislain Emmanuel; Johnson, Roch Christian; de Zeeuw, Janine; Dossou, Ange Dodji; Houezo, Jean Gabin; Chauty, Annick; Aguiar, Julia; Agossadou, Didier; Edorh, Patrick A.; Asiedu, Kingsley; van der Werf, Tjip S.; Stienstra, Ymkje

2014-01-01

197

Selective primary health care: Is efficient sufficient?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing countries are increasingly using economic evaluation methods to assess and plan their health services. Inappropriate application of these methods may lead to serious errors in developing primary health care strategies. In 'Selective Primary Health Care', Julia Walsh and Kenneth Warren present a logical approach to health planning based on cost-effectiveness techniques. Their paper is a timely example of the

Peter A. Berman

1982-01-01

198

Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique  

E-print Network

.hisp.org) aiming at improving health information management within the primary health care sector. The aim of HISPInformation Technology for Health Care in Mozambique Editorial Introduction Eric Monteiro Associate that are relevant to the development of health information systems under the current social and political conditions

Monteiro, Eric

199

Health care resource allocation and individuals’ health care needs: examining the degree of fit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies examine associations between health system resources and an individual's use of health services, yet the importance of these resources in meeting an individual's health care needs is unclear. This paper examines the relationship between health care system characteristics, other social and economic characteristics of counties in a mid-western U.S. state and an individual's ability to meet health care

David Litaker; Thomas Ezra Love

2005-01-01

200

Reforming primary health care: is New Zealand's primary health care strategy achieving its early goals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In 2001, the New Zealand government introduced its Primary Health Care Strategy (PHCS), aimed at strengthening the role of primary health care, in order to improve health and to reduce inequalities in health. As part of the Strategy, new funding was provided to reduce the fees that patients pay when they use primary health care services in New Zealand,

Jacqueline Cumming; Nicholas Mays; Barry Gribben

2008-01-01

201

Burnout and connectedness in the job demands-resources model: studying palliative care volunteers and their families.  

PubMed

This study examined the role of burnout and connectedness in the job demands-resources (JD-R) model among palliative care volunteers. It was hypothesized that (a) exhaustion mediates the relationship between demands and depression, and between demands and retention; (b) cynicism mediates the relationship between resources and retention; and (c) connectedness mediates the relationship between resources and retention. Hypotheses were tested in 2 separate analyses: structural equation modeling (SEM) and path analyses. The first was based on volunteer self-reports (N = 204), while the second analysis concerned matched data from volunteers and their family members (N = 99). While strong support was found for cynicism and connectedness as mediators in both types of analyses, this was not altogether the case for exhaustion. Implications of these findings for the JD-R model and volunteer organizations are discussed. PMID:22207713

Huynh, Jasmine-Yan; Winefield, Anthony H; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Metzer, Jacques C

2012-09-01

202

Rural health care in Mexico?  

PubMed

A very large percentage of Mexico's population living in rural areas lacks resources for health care. Any new effort to provide such care must emphasize the health of the infant population because of the high percentage of infants in the country. Plans made at the national level have not been correlated with the conditions that exist in rural areas. For example, the majority of university programs are oriented toward urban medical practice, and the construction of more schools of medicine to solve the problem of doctors in rural areas is based on a mistaken premise. This problem has not been solved even in developed countries such as the United States where, as in Mexico, graduates in medicine migrate to the cities where optimal conditions are met for practicing the type of medicine for which they have been trained. Furthermore, it is both expensive and illogical to maintain urban doctors in rural areas where they cannot practice their profession for lack of resources; to do so is to deny the purpose of their education (27). Conventional schools of medicine, for reasons of investment and of structure, should teach only very selected groups of students who, on finishing their training, are fully capacitated to practice specialized medicine. A different system is required if we are to provide adequate health care in the rural communities. A system such as that described herein, adapted to the real need of rural communities, would avoid the necessity to create dysfunctional bureaucracies and would not destroy those institutions which have proved useful in the past. This study should be considered as one of the many pilot programs that should be initiated in order to determine the type of program that would best solve the problem of health care in rural Mexico. Other programs already being considered at the National Autonomous University of Mexico include the A36 plan of the Faculty of Medicine, now in operation; the work of C. Biro carried out in Netzahualcoyotl City (both focused on providing medical care to the urban poor); and the Open University program. Unless an efficient program designed to meet the needs of rural communities is quickly put into operation, Mexico will, in the near future, be facing the same problems now confronting Southeast Asia. PMID:4415665

Cañedo, L

1974-09-27

203

The changing face of health care consumers.  

PubMed

Caring for a diverse pool of patients is an ongoing challenge for health care practitioners and marketers. Communication difficulties and cultural misunderstandings still stand in the way and keep members of some minority populations from getting the health care they need. To better serve these groups, it's crucial to learn more about patients' values, needs, and expectations. Fortunately, opportunities abound for health care marketers to learn about and effectively target these still largely underserved populations. PMID:11763652

2001-01-01

204

45 CFR 162.1401 - Health care claim status transaction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Health care claim status transaction. 162.1401 Section 162.1401...ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Health Care Claim Status § 162.1401 Health care claim status transaction. The health care claim...

2010-10-01

205

New perspectives on health and health care policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care reform has been the primary focus of policymakers for much of the past year, culminating with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that was signed into law by President Obama on March 23, 2010. The vigorous national debate on the act has highlighted the importance of innovative, high-quality research on health and health care policy.

Darren Lubotsky; Bhashkar Mazumder; Zach Seeskin

2010-01-01

206

Improving Access to Health Care: School-Based Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores an approach for better serving the complete health care needs of children, specifically, the efficacy of school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide a service delivery mechanism capable of functioning as a medical home for children, providing primary care for both their physical and behavioral health care needs. The…

Dowden, Shauna L.; Calvert, Richard D.; Davis, Lisa; Gullotta, Thomas P.

207

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation  

E-print Network

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation Elaine Byrne in supporting primary health care functioning, the design, development and implementation of these systems care, especially in the context of developing countries, a very challenging task. An important step

Sahay, Sundeep

208

Low-Income Uninsured Patient Health and Access to Health Care through a Community Health Program in NC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Access provides free primary and specialty care for low-income uninsured residents of Buncombe County, NC through\\u000a a physician volunteer network. In 2010, we replicated a 1998 study investigating health issues among Project Access (PA) patients.\\u000a Over 300 patients enrolled in PA in 2009 were surveyed by telephone. Currently, as compared to 1998, fewer patients were employed\\u000a (31% vs. 44.2%,

Laura Alexander; Suzanne Landis

209

Communication and Racial Inequities in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are striking inequities in health outcomes between racial and ethnic groups in the United States, with many groups experiencing significantly poorer health outcomes than members of the racial majority, White (non-Hispanic) health care consumers. These disturbing health disparities exist even when controlling for differences in income and health insurance. Racial disparities in health outcomes are related to communication problems

Gary L. Kreps

2006-01-01

210

Recognizing the diverse roles of community health workers in the elimination of health disparities: from paid staff to volunteers.  

PubMed

The community health worker (CHW) model has been successfully used to promote health and reduce adverse health outcomes in underserved communities. Although there is a general consensus that involvement of natural helpers from the targeted communities is a promising approach in the elimination of health disparities, there is less agreement on their responsibilities, scope of work, and reimbursement for their services (ranging from paid staff to unpaid volunteers). These differences in pay structure stem from philosophical differences, programmatic needs, and financial realities. Based on our experience with both the paid and volunteer approaches, we provide some lessons learned on how the CHW model can be integrated in our efforts to eliminate health disparities. PMID:20503902

Cherrington, Andrea; Ayala, Guadalupe X; Elder, John P; Arredondo, Elva M; Fouad, Mona; Scarinci, Isabel

2010-01-01

211

Equity in health care utilization in Chile  

PubMed Central

One of the most extensive Chilean health care reforms occurred in July 2005, when the Regime of Explicit Health Guarantees (AUGE) became effective. This reform guarantees coverage for a specific set of health conditions. Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide timely evidence for policy makers to understand the current distribution and equity of health care utilization in Chile. The authors analyzed secondary data from the National Socioeconomic Survey (CASEN) for the years 1992–2009 and the 2006 Satisfaction and Out-of-Pocket Payment Survey to assess equity in health care utilization using two different approaches. First, we used a two-part model to estimate factors associated with the utilization of health care. Second, we decomposed income-related inequalities in medical care use into contributions of need and non-need factors and estimated a horizontal inequity index. Findings of this empirical study include evidence of inequities in the Chilean health care system that are beneficial to the better-off. We also identified some key factors, including education and health care payment, which affect the utilization of health care services. Results of this study could help researchers and policy makers identify targets for improving equity in health care utilization and strengthening availability of health care services accordingly. PMID:23937894

2013-01-01

212

Perceived barriers and enablers to referrals to community-based hospice palliative care volunteer programs in Canada.  

PubMed

Two separate studies were conducted to identify perceived barriers and enablers to referrals to community-based hospice palliative care volunteer programs in 2 Atlantic Canadian provinces. In study 1, a physician, home support nurse manager, social worker, and volunteer coordinator (VC) were interviewed. More barriers than enablers were identified. Based on these results and a review of the literature, a "Perceived Barriers and Enablers to Hospice Palliative Care Volunteer Referrals Questionnaire" (PBEQ) was developed. In study 2, a total of 10 VCs completed the PBEQ and (1) rated the extent to which they perceived 18 items to be barriers to referrals; (2) rated the extent to which they perceived 12 items to be enablers to referrals; and (3) described additional barriers and enablers. A Tips for Referrals sheet was created. PMID:24037541

Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen; Marrison-Shaw, Hayley

2014-12-01

213

Access to high-tech health care. Ethics.  

PubMed

Access to health care has always been limited by personal and social economics. Poverty remains one element that correlates with poor prognosis in all varieties of cancer. Prior to becoming standard therapy, elements of high-tech health care are often widely available as research protocols, participation in which is generally available without considerations of insurance coverage or personal wealth. Any person may still volunteer participation in research protocols and thereby partake in high-tech advances even before these become standard therapy. However, recent developments in the conduct of research now may limit participation. Medicare and third party insurance payers proscribe payment for research project care and always have. Recently, more than ever before, reimbursements to physicians and health care institutions have been more closely scrutinized to reject all payment in research settings. In situations in which cost and availability of the new technology, whether machine or drug, limit participation, research entrepreneurs have made research participation available to only those who can pay for it. These and similar developments threaten to limit access to high-tech health care and to actually impede cancer research. PMID:2001572

Merrill, J M

1991-03-15

214

Health Care for Older Persons in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care policy in Singapore is similar to that in the United States and the United Kingdom, where a residualist strategy is used to pass health care costs to individuals and their families, the rationale being that this enables the state to concentrate on devolution of care to the community and ensure efficient and affordable service to all Singaporeans. The

Peggy Teo

2004-01-01

215

Financial Models for Integrated Behavioral Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated behavioral health care or “integrated care” is a distinct service delivery model aimed at early identification and appropriate intervention with that portion of medical\\/surgical patients presenting with behavioral health issues. The clinical rationale for integrated care and the potential for medical cost offset savings have been clearly substantiated in available research (Cummings, 2007; O’Donohue, Ferguson & Cummings, 2002), but

Blake Chaffee

216

Health care service use among vulnerable adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the patterns of health care service use among a cohort of vulnerable adolescents with a history of homelessness and uses the Expanded Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to examine factors associated with use of ambulatory and emergent care. We incorporated a health care interview into an existing longitudinal study of newly homeless adolescents, at their 24-month assessment

M. Rosa Solorio; Norweeta G. Milburn; Ronald M. Andersen; Sharone Trifskin; Lillian Gelberg

2006-01-01

217

[Motivational interviewing in health care].  

PubMed

Harmful behaviors and low adherence to medical treatment significantly contribute to an increased rate of hospitalizations, mortality and morbidity. Leading health organizations worldwide are making great efforts to find and develop efficient strategies in order to recruit patients to adhere to medical treatment and adopt a healthier lifestyle. Motivational interviewing is an evidence-based approach that the physician can apply in numerous health care situations in order to increase patients' adherence to treatment. It is a patient-centered approach, based on principles of collaboration, autonomy and evocation. Research indicates that the patient's verbal commitment towards change is directly correlated to future behavioral change. Therefore, the approach includes learnable techniques which assist in allowing the patient to speak about the advantages of behavioral change and treatment. Thus, motivational interviewing helps patients adopt a healthier lifestyle while contributing to the professionalism of physicians and their sense of satisfaction from work. PMID:22026060

Lev-Ran, Shaul; Nitzan, Uri

2011-09-01

218

Unemployment and Health Care Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Objectives  To determine if prior use of health services predicts subsequent risk of unemployment and to describe the acute effects of\\u000a exposure to unemployment on the use of health care services.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Prospective population-based study.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting\\/Participants  18,272 employed and 1,498 unemployed individuals in a Canadian province in 1986.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Main Outcome Measure  All cause and cause-specific rates of hospital admission and ambulatory physician contacts over

Allen Kraut; Cam Mustard; Randy Walld; Robert Tate

219

Health Sciences Center Department of Internal Medicine Employee Health Promotion Program Health Care Provider Report  

E-print Network

Health Sciences Center Department of Internal Medicine Employee Health Promotion Program Health Care Provider Report Dear Health Care Provider: Your patient, ______________________________, has applied for enrollment in a fitness program sponsored by the University of New Mexico, Employee Health

New Mexico, University of

220

Primary health care and health education in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the substance of the Alma Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care is discussed. Minimum requirements and working goals of Primary Health Care are reviewed. The health status of the Japanese people, and the medical and health delivery systems in Japan are considered, with reference to the Alma Ata Declaration. While the Alma Ata Declaration sets forth the

Mikio Yamamoto

1983-01-01

221

Health and Health Care Disparities Among Homeless Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

While disparities in health and health care between vulnerable (e.g., minorities, low-income) and majority populations are well documented, less is known about disparities within these special populations that are large and diverse. Such knowledge is essential to determine the neediest within these generally needy populations, and to plan interventions to reduce their health and health care disparities. With data from

Cheryl Teruya; Douglas Longshore; Ronald M. Andersen; Lisa Arangua; Adeline Nyamathi; Barbara Leake; Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

222

The legacy of apartheid in health and health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution analyses and systematiscs apartheid as a phenomenon and as a problem in South African health and health care. It is assumed that apartheid is one of the most decisive forces moulding the South African health care system as well as the health of the people, resulting in grave race-related disparities, inequalities, fragmentation and discrimination on the one hand,

H. C. J. van Rensburg; S. R. Benatar

1993-01-01

223

Equity in health and health care: the Chinese experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the changes in equality of health and health care in China during its transition from a command economy to market economy. Data from three national surveys in 1985, 1986, and 1993 are combined with complementary studies and analysis of major underlying economic and health care factors to compare changes in health status of urban and rural Chinese

Yuanli Liu; William C. Hsiao; Karen Eggleston

1999-01-01

224

Health care access: implications for higher education.  

PubMed

The author discusses historical factors contributing to the health care crisis in America and reasons for the skyrocketing costs of health using an analogy of David versus Goliath. Even though Americans spend trillions on health care, the author states that America is ranked 37th in the world in terms of its health care delivery system. The author uses the methods used to manage the health care system in discussing how such a system could impact higher education and offers some solutions to same. PMID:17252876

Drayton-Brooks, Shirlee

2006-01-01

225

Dual Loyalty in Prison Health Care  

PubMed Central

Despite the dissemination of principles of medical ethics in prisons, formulated and advocated by numerous international organizations, health care professionals in prisons all over the world continue to infringe these principles because of perceived or real dual loyalty to patients and prison authorities. Health care professionals and nonmedical prison staff need greater awareness of and training in medical ethics and prisoner human rights. All parties should accept integration of prison health services with public health services. Health care workers in prison should act exclusively as caregivers, and medical tasks required by the prosecution, court, or security system should be carried out by medical professionals not involved in the care of prisoners. PMID:22390510

Stöver, Heino; Wolff, Hans

2012-01-01

226

The Israel Cancer Association's role as a volunteer organization in forecasting, establishing, implementing and upgrading palliative care services in Israel.  

PubMed

The Israel Cancer Association has contributed, as a key player, to the establishment and upgrade of palliative care in Israel. The aim of this article is to describe the involvement and contribution of the ICA, as a volunteer organization, from a clinical, educational, legal, and organizational perspective. Another main goal of this survey is to shed light on the palliative care network in Israel, in each one of these infrastructures. PMID:23171783

Kislev, Livia; Yaffe, Aliza; Ziv, Miri; Waller, Alexander

2013-10-01

227

Transforming Your Care A Review of Health and Social Care  

E-print Network

MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ......................................... 89 14. PEOPLE WITH A LEARNING DISABILITY history in NI, particularly in the mental well being of the citizenry; and the very powerful affinityTransforming Your Care A Review of Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland #12

Paxton, Anthony T.

228

Knowledge and Attitudes of Health Care Providers Working in Primary Health Care Units Concerning Emergency Contraception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: The aim of the current study was to explore the extent of knowledge health care providers working in primary health care units in Aydin, Turkey, had about emergency contraception (EC), to determine whether they provide EC counseling, and to understand the barriers and misconceptions in this context. Methods: A total of 120 health care professionals working in primary health

Hilmiye Aksu; Mert Kucuk; Banu Karaoz

2010-01-01

229

Selective primary health care: the counter revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary health care in the WHO sense was triggered indirectly by the failure of the Malaria Eradication Programme. The response to this failure was an ideological change which considered that health services were not purely a way of delivering health care interventions to people but were something important to individuals and groups in their own right. Key changes of this

Kenneth W. Newell

1988-01-01

230

Predictors of Adolescent Health Care Utilization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, using Andersen's health care utilization model, examined how predisposing characteristics, enabling resources, need, personal health practices, and psychological factors influence health care utilization using a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of Canadian adolescents. Second, this study examined whether this process…

Vingilis, Evelyn; Wade, Terrance; Seeley, Jane

2007-01-01

231

Mental Health Consultation in Child Care and  

E-print Network

Mental Health Consultation in Child Care and Early Childhood Settings Opportunities to Expand Department of Children & Families Children's Mental Health Program June 30, 2006 Florida State University-922-1300 · www.cpeip.fsu.edu #12;Mental Health Consultation in Child Care and Early Childhood Settings

McQuade, D. Tyler

232

Special Issue: The Family and Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses research and interventions related to family health care. Topics include health promotion; risk behaviors; vulnerability and illness onset; choosing health care systems; stress; caregiving and coping; family counseling; and family responses to Alzheimer's Disease, pediatric cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and obesity. (JAC)

Doherty, William J., Ed.; McCubbin, Hamilton I., Ed.

1985-01-01

233

Background Briefing: The Canadian Health Care System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canada's version of national public health insurance is characterised by local control, doctor autonomy and consumer choice - patients theoretically have a free choice of physician and hospital. (Kraker, 2002). The ten provincial governments are the key providers of health care, having the constitutional responsibility for planning, financing, and evaluating the provision of hospital care, negotiating salaries of health professionals

Benedict Irvine; Shannon Ferguson; Ben Cackett

234

Paying for Health Care: The Unequal Burdens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the issue of national health care. Neither Medicare nor Medicaid equitably meet the health needs of the entire population. The author suggests criteria which must be met by a national health program if it is to eliminate inequalities in costs, access to services and quality of care. (GC)

Myers, Beverlee A.

1977-01-01

235

Health care: economic impact of caring for geriatric patients.  

PubMed

National health care expenditures constitute a continuously expanding component of the US economy. Health care resources are distributed unequally among the population, and geriatric patients are disproportionately represented. Characterizing this group of individuals that accounts for the largest percentage of US health spending may facilitate the introduction of targeted interventions in key high-impact areas. Changing demographics, an increasing incidence of chronic disease and progressive disability, rapid technological advances, and systemic market failures in the health care sector combine to drive cost. A multidisciplinary approach will become increasingly necessary to balance the delicate relationship between our constrained supply and increasing demand. PMID:25459539

Rich, Preston B; Adams, Sasha D

2015-02-01

236

How to Prepare for the Health Care Professions Program  

E-print Network

English, social sciences, and speech communication. What Health Professional Schools Look For Schools volunteer experience in a health profession · Research experience in biological, medical, behavioral, athletics, etc.) · Demonstrated leadership and community service Medicine and Other Health Professions

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

237

Health Care System Distrust in the Intensive Care Unit  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine the performance and properties of the revised Health Care System Distrust scale among surrogates in the intensive care unit. Materials and Methods Pilot, prospective cohort study of 50 surrogates of adult, mechanically-ventilated patients surveyed on days 1, 3 and 7 of ICU admission. Results Responses on the Health Care System Distrust scale on day 1 ranged from 9 to 34 (possible range 9–45 with higher scores indicating more distrust), with a mean and standard deviation of 20.3 ± 6.9. Factor analysis demonstrated a 2-factor structure, corresponding to the domains of values and competence. Cronbach’s alpha for the overall scale was 0.83, for the competence subscale 0.76 and for the values subscale 0.74. Health care system distrust was inversely correlated with trust in ICU physicians (Pearson coefficient: ?0.63). When evaluated over the course of each patient’s ICU stay, health care system distrust ratings decreased by 0.31 per patient-day (95% CI .55-.06; p=.015). Correlation between health care system distrust and trust in ICU physicians decreased slightly over time. Conclusions Among surrogates in the ICU, the Health Care System Distrust scale has high internal consistency and convergent validity. There was substantial variability in surrogates’ trust in the health care system. PMID:21715134

Schenker, Yael; White, Douglas B.; Asch, David A.; Kahn, Jeremy M.

2011-01-01

238

Distance education for the health care supervisor.  

PubMed

Health care supervisors are being driven by the rapid changes in health care today. One demand is to complete their undergraduate degree or even a graduate degree. Few of us are able to devote the many hours required to attend on-campus classes full time. Now there is an alternative. Busy health care supervisors can now complete their undergraduate or graduate degrees from the comfort of their home--maintaining a job and family life. PMID:10174445

Brownson, K

1997-12-01

239

States' embrace of managed mental health care.  

PubMed

Historically, state mental health authorities have dominated public mental health services, operating with fixed resources and responsible for a large population. A good public mental health system has many of the attributes of a well-managed private mental health system. Unfortunately, public systems are not flexible enough to contract creatively with multiple providers; they lack many of the tools of modern managed care. As a consequence, state mental health authorities have begun to contract with private managed care firms to assist them in managing their health care reform efforts, particularly reform of Medicaid. This paper examines the forces shaping managed behavioral health care in the public sector and describes strategies for managing care, such as contracting, utilization review, and monitoring. PMID:7498902

Essock, S M; Goldman, H H

1995-01-01

240

Attending unintended transformations of health care infrastructure  

PubMed Central

Introduction Western health care is under pressure from growing demands on quality and efficiency. The development and implementation of information technology, IT is a key mean of health care authorities to improve on health care infrastructure. Theory and methods Against a background of theories on human-computer interaction and IT-mediated communication, different empirical studies of IT implementation in health care are analyzed. The outcome is an analytical discernment between different relations of communication and levels of interaction with IT in health care infrastructure. These relations and levels are synthesized into a framework for identifying tensions and potential problems in the mediation of health care with the IT system. These problems are also known as unexpected adverse consequences, UACs, from IT implementation into clinical health care practices. Results This paper develops a conceptual framework for addressing transformations of communication and workflow in health care as a result of implementing IT. Conclusion and discussion The purpose of the conceptual framework is to support the attention to and continuous screening for errors and unintended consequences of IT implementation into health care practices and outcomes. PMID:18043725

Wentzer, Helle; Bygholm, Ann

2007-01-01

241

Health Care–Acquired Viral Respiratory Diseases  

PubMed Central

Health care–associated viral respiratory infections, common among hospitalized children, also occur among adults and institutionalized persons and result in increased patient morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Approximately 20% of patients with health care–associated pneumonia have viral respiratory infections, with 70% of these infections caused by adenovirus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).1 These infections typically reflect the level of viral activity within the community.1,2 This article focuses on the epidemiology, transmission, and control of health care–associated RSV and influenza virus. PMID:21316002

Goins, William P.; Talbot, H. Keipp; Talbot, Thomas R.

2014-01-01

242

Cultural context, health and health care decision making. 1994.  

PubMed

Decisions about health promotion and illness prevention occur within a cultural context that is influenced by the contemporary context of community and family in addition to the ethnohistorical and language contexts, worldview and sociocultural factors of the particular culture and the available folk and professional health care resources. Using information about the health and care beliefs and values and health care decision making process in negotiating culturally congruent nursing and health care interventions is imperative, especially in a world with limited health care resources and an increasing demand for recognition of cultural diversity. This article uses data on health and health care decision-making from an ethnonursing study of the Old Order Amish to demonstrate the role of cultural context in health care practices and decision making. Leininger's cultural care theory and Hall's conceptualization of high context culture were used to investigate these phenomena. High context features of the Old Order Amish culture are used to explain how Amish are actively involved in decisions and actions taken to promote health and prevent and treat illness using a broad array of folk, alternative and professional services simultaneously. As nurses learn to involve clients in decisions and actions using the guiding principles of cultural care preservation, accommodation and repatterning they will provide culturally congruent care for Amish and other culture-specific groups. PMID:8716100

Wenger, A F

1995-01-01

243

Coming Together To Cut Health Care Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how, through a shared plan, the Health Insurance Initiative of the Independent Colleges and Universities in Florida (ICUF) is saving participating institutions millions in costs associated with providing employee health care. (EV)

Heron, W. David; Donatelli, Ben

2003-01-01

244

Managing the quality of health care.  

PubMed

This article reviews quality of health care initiatives beginning with the quality assessment/quality assurance movement of the 1970s. Conceptually, modern quality of care management is rooted in the intellectual work of Avedis Donabedian who defined quality of care as a combination of structure, process, and outcome. Donabedian's model is presented and some limitations are pointed out. In the late 1980s and 1990s. the health care industry adopted total quality management (TQM). More recently, the pursuit of health care quality has led to substantial performance measurement initiatives such as ORYX by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and MEDIS by the National Commission of Quality Assurance. The importance of CONQUEST, a freely available performance measurement database developed at the Harvard School of Public Health, is noted and discussed. The article concludes with a list of challenges facing public and private parties interests in health care quality improvement. PMID:15188996

Larson, James S; Muller, Andreas

2002-01-01

245

UNIVERSITY OF CONNECICUT HEALTH CENTER CORRECTIONAL MANAGED HEALTH CARE  

E-print Network

include, but is not limited to, emergency health care, sick call, access to medication, dental and mental may sign up for medical, dental, and mental health care, using one form for each request. All services MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES DENTAL SERVICES A completed inmate request form, placed in the "Medical" box

Oliver, Douglas L.

246

Health Services and Health Care Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... First Aid Supplies Alcohol and Drugs Health Services Sexual Health How to Stay Healthy Abusive Relationships Common Health ... disabilities, nutrition issues or eating disorders, relationship problems, sexual health issues, alcohol or drug problems, or sports injuries. ...

247

[Access to child's health care in primary care services].  

PubMed

It was conducted a qualitative study based on the methodological framework of dialectical hermeneutics, aiming to identify the attribute access from primary care to solve the health problems of children under one year old from the reports of parents and caregivers. Sixteen caregivers of children were involved, all of them seen in the emergency units of Cascavel-PR, in 2010. Four thematic categories were recognized: Family counselling in seeking health care for the child; Absence of reception on the first contact; Presence of risk classification to the child´s health attention; Barriers that block the access to health care. It was conclude that, families showed difficulties to reach the solution for their children´s health, because of the lack of access to primary care services. PMID:25517675

da Silva, Rosane Meire Munhak; Viera, Cláudia Silveira

2014-01-01

248

Scalable office-based health care.  

PubMed

The goal of health care is to provide high-quality care at an affordable cost for its patients. However, the population it serves has changed dramatically since the popularization of hospital-based health care. With available new technology, alternative health care delivery methods can be designed and tested. This study examines scalable office-based health care for small business, where health care is delivered to the office floor. This delivery was tested in 18 individuals at a small business in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The goal was to deliver modular health care and mitigate conditions such as diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity, sedentariness and metabolic disease. The modular health care system was welcomed by employees - 70% of those eligible enrolled. The findings showed that the modular health care deliverable was feasible and effective. The data demonstrated significant improvements in weight loss, fat loss and blood variables for at risk participants. This study leaves room for improvement and further innovation. Expansion to include offerings such as physicals, diabetes management, smoking cessation and prenatal treatment would improve its utility. Future studies could include testing the adaptability of delivery method, as it should adapt to reach rural and under-served populations. PMID:21471576

Koepp, Gabriel A; Manohar, Chinmay U; McCrady-Spitzer, Shelly K; Levine, James A

2011-05-01

249

Health Care Costing: Data, Methods, Future Directions  

Cancer.gov

Health Services and Economics Branch staff have collaborated with colleagues at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and Emory University to develop a supplement to the journal Medical Care. The supplement, published in July 2009, examines a broad array of methodologic issues related to health care cost estimation. The supplement's papers are led by experts in health economics, epidemiology, health services research, and biostatistics.

250

Toward a 21st-century health care system: Recommendations for health care reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coverage, cost, and quality problems of the U.S. health care system are evident. Sustainable health care reform must go beyond financing expanded access to care to substantially changing the organization and delivery of care. The FRESH-Thinking Project (www.fresh-thinking.org) held a series of workshops during which physicians, health policy experts, health insurance executives, business leaders, hospital administrators, economists, and others

K. Arrow; A. Auerbach; J. Bertko; L. P. Casalino; F. J. Crosson; A. Enthoven; E. Falcone; R. C. Feldman; V. R. Fuchs; A. M. Garber; M. R. Gold; D. A. Goldman; G. K. Hadfield; M. A. Hall; R. I. Horwitz; M. Hooven; P. D. Jacobson; T. S. Jost; L. J. Kotlikoff; J. Levin; S. Levine; R. Levy; K. Linscott; H. S. Luft; R. Mashal; D. McFadden; D. Mechanic; D. Meltzer; J. P. Newhouse; R. G. Noll; J. B. Pietzsch; P. Pizzo; R. D. Reischauer; S. Rosenbaum; W. Sage; L. D. Schaeffer; E. Sheen; B. N. Silber; J. Skinner; S. M. Shortell; S. O. Thier; S. Tunis; L. Wulsin Jr; P. Yock; G. B. Nun; S. Bryan; O. Luxenburg; Ven van de W. P. M. M; J. Cooper

2009-01-01

251

Challenges for the German Health Care System.  

PubMed

The German Health Care System (GHCS) faces many challenges among which an aging population and economic problems are just a few. The GHCS traditionally emphasised equity, universal coverage, ready access, free choice, high numbers of providers and technological equipment; however, real competition among health-care providers and insurance companies is lacking. Mainly in response to demographic changes and economic challenges, health-care reforms have focused on cost containment and to a lesser degree also quality issues. In contrast, generational accounting, priorisation and rationing issues have thus far been completely neglected. The paper discusses three important areas of health care in Germany, namely the funding process, hospital management and ambulatory care, with a focus on cost control mechanisms and quality improving measures as the variables of interest. Health Information Technology (HIT) has been identified as an important quality improvement tool. Health Indicators have been introduced as possible instruments for the priorisation debate. PMID:22660990

Dietrich, C F; Riemer-Hommel, P

2012-06-01

252

Factors Associated with Health Care Access for Mississippi Children with Special Health Care Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This purpose of the study was to examine the factors associated with access to routine care and to specialty care for Mississippi children with special health care needs (CSHCN). Methods: We analyzed data for Mississippi CSHCN from the 2001 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Using a modified version of Andersen and Aday’s Behavioral Model of

Debra J. Kane; Marianne E. Zotti; Deborah Rosenberg

2005-01-01

253

Investing in Primary Health Care Achieving better health care in the community  

E-print Network

Investing in Primary Health Care Achieving better health care in the community #12;Images by Nasir of primary care and this investment has been more than matched by considerable national research funding to Oxford of some of the UK's top primary care senior scientists by attracting a large number of junior

Oxford, University of

254

Retention of female volunteer community health workers in Dhaka urban slums: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are a key approach to improving community-based maternal and child health services in developing countries. BRAC, a large Bangladeshi non-governmental organization (NGO), has employed female volunteer CHWs in its community-based health programs since 1977, recently including its Manoshi project, a community-based maternal and child health intervention in the urban slums of Bangladesh. A case–control study conducted in response to high dropout rates in the first year of the project showed that financial incentives, social prestige, community approval and household responsibilities were related to early retention in the project. In our present prospective cohort study, we aimed to better understand the factors associated with retention of volunteer CHWs once the project was more mature. Methods We used a prospective cohort study design to examine the factors affecting retention of volunteer CHWs who remained in the project after the initial start-up period. We surveyed a random sample of 542 CHWs who were working for BRAC Manoshi in December 2008. In December 2009, we revisited this cohort of CHWs and interviewed those who had dropped out about the main reasons for their dropping out. We used a multivariable generalized linear model regression analysis with a log link to estimate the relative risk (RR) of independent factors on retention. Results Of the 542 CHWs originally enrolled, 120 had dropped out by the end of one year, mainly because they left the slums. CHWs who received positive community appraisal (adjusted RR?=?1.45, 95% confidence interval (CI)?=?1.10 to 1.91) or were associated with other NGOs (adjusted RR?=?1.13, 95% CI?=?1.04 to 1.23) were more likely to have been retained in the project. Although refresher training was also associated with increased retention (adjusted RR?=?2.25, 95% CI?=?1.08 to 4.71) in this study, too few CHWs had not attended refresher training regularly to make it a meaningful predictor of retention that could be applied in the project setting. Conclusion Factors that affect retention of CHWs may change over time, with some factors that are important in the early years of a project losing importance as the project matures. Community health programs operating in fragile urban slums should consider changing factors over program duration for better retention of volunteer CHWs. PMID:24886046

2014-01-01

255

Medicaid Managed Care Model of Primary Care and Health Care Management for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lack of sufficient accessible community-based health care services for individuals with developmental disabilities has led to disparities in health outcomes and an overreliance on expensive models of care delivered in hospitals and other safety net or state-subsidized providers. A functioning community-based primary health care model, with an…

Kastner, Theodore A.; Walsh, Kevin K.

2006-01-01

256

Insights From Health Care in Germany  

PubMed Central

German Statutory Health Insurance (national health insurance) has remained relatively intact over the past century, even in the face of governmental change and recent reforms. The overall story of German national health insurance is one of political compromise and successful implementation of communitarian values. Several key lessons from the German experience can be applied to the American health care system. PMID:12511381

Altenstetter, Christa

2003-01-01

257

A Conversation on Rural Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wayne Myers, director of the Office of Rural Health Policy, discusses Appalachian rural health and access to health care. The health manpower shortage in Central Appalachia still exists but is less severe than 10 years ago. The needs of underserved areas could be address by training local people in the community and through telemedicine and…

Myers, Wayne; Russell, Jack; Baldwin, Fred D.

1999-01-01

258

Health federalism: the role of health care professionals in Nepal.  

PubMed

Nepal has entered from its unitary system into a new "Federal Democratic Republic State". The current constitution presents basic health care services as a fundamental right. The Ministry for Health and Population has been providing resources to meet health demands, but managers are wrestling to meet these demands. Persistent disparities between rural and urban and across regions resulted inferior health outcomes, e.g., life expectancy in an urban district like Bhaktapur is 71 years, whereas in the rural district of Mugu it is 44 years. The poor health and poor access to health care in the past systems prompted people to seek a different model. Ultimately, all political parties except one have agreed on federalism. The exact number of federal states that are going to be created is unknown. In federalism, all federated states have to assume certain relationships between the locality, the region, and the nation that apply not only in politics but in health care too. Managing changes in health care organization during the transitional period and after restructuring the unitary Nepal into federal states should be carefully planned. In case, if new system also fails to deliver necessary health care services, the possibility of igniting of dissatisfaction, public unrest and even disintegration cannot be ignored. In order to outline a structure and give life to a health care system under federalism, health care professionals need to engage themselves seriously. PMID:20387368

Dulal, R K

2009-01-01

259

Lasers and optics in health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lasers and optics have affected health care in a myriad of ways. This paper surveys their impact on three aspects of health care: (1) surgery and medicine, (2) biology, and (3) biotechnology. In surgery, fiber optics have enabled the development of endoscopes, which allow access to most sites within the body. Endoscopes have, in turn, led to the development of

THOMAS F. DEUTSCH

1997-01-01

260

Viewing health care as a war theater.  

PubMed

Strategies for success in the health-care marketplace are similar to those used on the battlefield. The following article applies the teachings of Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl von Clausewitz, Napolean Bonaparte and other classic military strategists to power management, marketing and competition in health-care organizational management. PMID:10302345

Kessler, D M

1988-03-01

261

Recertification of primary health care professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This bibliography contains literature about certification- and recertification of health care professionals. Certification and recertification are increasingly being used as quality assurance systems for professionals. As such (re)certification does fit in with the current developments towards quality management and quality systems in health care. The bibliography contains -international- literature about (re)certification of General Practitioners, Physical Therapists, Pharmacists, Dentists, Midwifes and

F. H. Boeringa; E. M. Sluijs

1993-01-01

262

OF HEALTH CARE IN TURBULENT TIMES  

E-print Network

FIXING THE FLOW OF HEALTH CARE IN TURBULENT TIMES INNOVATION REPORT 2014 #12;Since 2012, Algorithms, resources, people, data, even money to solve the impossible problems we face in health care today. Having, and an estimated 30 percent of that is wasted. Figure out how to carve that out, and we'd have an easy $840 billion

Feschotte, Cedric

263

Health Care Industry. Workforce & Workplace Literacy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief gives an overview of the topic of workplace literacy in the health care industry and lists program contacts. The following 35 organizations operate basic skills upgrading programs for health care workers: American Hospital Association; Chinese American Civic Association; Massachusetts Department of Employment and Training; BostonWorks;…

BCEL Brief, 1991

1991-01-01

264

Financial management in leading health care systems.  

PubMed

To understand better the financial management practices and strategies of modern health care organizations, we conducted interviews with chief financial officers (CFOs) of several leading health care systems. In this introduction, we present an overview of the project and summary responses on corporate financial structures and strategic challenges facing CFOs. PMID:10845383

Smith, D G; Wheeler, J R; Rivenson, H L; Reiter, K L

2000-01-01

265

A Guide to Adolescent Health Care EPSDT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for individuals giving health care to adolescents through the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) Program. Chapter One briefly indicates needs of adolescents and outlines legal aspects of health care for adolescents such as age of majority, informed consent, confidentiality, disclosure of…

Health Care Financing Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

266

Health Care Provider Physical Activity Prescription Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To examine the feasibility and impact of a health care provider’s (HCP) physical activity (PA) prescription on the PA of patients on preventive care visits. Methods: Consenting adult patients completed health and PA questionnaires and were sequentially assigned to intervention groups. HCPs prescribed PA using a written prescription only…

Josyula, Lakshmi; Lyle, Roseann

2013-01-01

267

Lactose Intolerance: Information for Health Care Providers  

E-print Network

Lactose Intolerance: Information for Health Care are at or above their adequate intake of calcium.1 And adolescents who may be lactose intolerant are even less of their adult bone mass is established. As a health care provider, you can help your patients get the calcium

Rau, Don C.

268

Discrimination Against Older Women in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing awareness of apparent gaps in health care received by women and men raises concern over possible discrimination. This literature review examines this issue for elderly women, whose health care is obtained in a system that also may be permeated with age discrimination. Physicians tend to spend more time with women and older patients, suggesting that discrimination may not be

Linda Liska Belgrave

1994-01-01

269

Teaching Primary Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing and radiology students (n=15) at the University of Malta who completed an interdisciplinary module on primary health care reported they found the theoretical material applicable to practice; the module enabled them to learn about their potential role in primary health care. (SK)

Bezzina, Paul; Keogh, Johann J.; Keogh, Mariana

1998-01-01

270

Applying economic principles to health care.  

PubMed Central

Applying economic thinking to an understanding of resource use in patient care is challenging given the complexities of delivering health care in a hospital. Health-care markets lack the characteristics needed to determine a "market" price that reflects the economic value of resources used. However, resource allocation in a hospital can be analyzed by using production theory to determine efficient resource use. The information provided by hospital epidemiologists is critical to understanding health-care production processes used by a hospital and developing economic incentives to promote antibiotic effectiveness and infection control. PMID:11294724

Scott, R. D.; Solomon, S. L.; McGowan, J. E.

2001-01-01

271

Changing trends in health care tourism.  

PubMed

Despite much coverage in the popular press, only anecdotal evidence is available on medical tourists. At first sight, they seemed confined to small and narrowly defined consumer segments: individuals seeking bargains in cosmetic surgery or uninsured and financially distressed individuals in desperate need of medical care. The study reported in this article is the first empirical investigation of the medical tourism consumer market. It provides the demographic profile, motivations, and value perceptions of health care consumers who traveled abroad specifically to receive medical care. The findings suggest a much broader market of educated and savvy health care consumers than previously thought. In the backdrop of the health care reform, the article concludes with implications for health care providers. PMID:21045588

Karuppan, Corinne M; Karuppan, Muthu

2010-01-01

272

Health volunteers’ knowledge of cardiovascular disease prevention and healthy lifestyle following a community trial: Isfahan healthy heart program  

PubMed Central

Background: Health volunteers can have a great effect by training the population about prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and lifestyle modification. This study evaluated the health volunteers’ knowledge following the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) that was performed between 2000 and 2006. Materials and Methods: In this study, 491 females were selected among health volunteers in the Isfahan and Najafabad districts as intervention areas and Arak as a reference area through 2000-2001 until 2006. They participated in training courses on CVD, its complications, methods of prevention of risk factors control as well healthy lifestyle promotion. The health volunteers’ level of knowledge was assessed before and after training. Results: Before intervention, there was no significant difference between the scores of health volunteers in the intervention and the control regions in terms of knowledge about recognizing the symptoms, complications and prevention of CVD and relevant risk factors and healthy lifestyle. However, their knowledge scores increased significantly in the fields of CVD (? = 0.13, P = 0.04), hypertension (? = 0.18, P = 0.009), healthy nutrition (? = 0.19, P = 0.007), appropriate physical activity (? = 0.17, P = 0.01) and dealing with stress (? = 0.16, P = 0.02) after trainings. Conclusion: The 6 year interventional program of IHHP showed that training health volunteers on prevention of CVD, their risk factors and modification of lifestyle continued to be effective even in a long time. PMID:25077152

Roohafza, Hamidreza; Khani, Azam; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Bahonar, Ahmad; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal

2014-01-01

273

Home Health Care: What It Is and What to Expect  

MedlinePLUS

... You are here: Plan of care Share Home health care: what it is and what to expect What is home health care? Home health care is a wide range of ... agency listed. What should you expect from home health care? Doctor’s orders are needed to start care. Once ...

274

The promise of Lean in health care.  

PubMed

An urgent need in American health care is improving quality and efficiency while controlling costs. One promising management approach implemented by some leading health care institutions is Lean, a quality improvement philosophy and set of principles originated by the Toyota Motor Company. Health care cases reveal that Lean is as applicable in complex knowledge work as it is in assembly-line manufacturing. When well executed, Lean transforms how an organization works and creates an insatiable quest for improvement. In this article, we define Lean and present 6 principles that constitute the essential dynamic of Lean management: attitude of continuous improvement, value creation, unity of purpose, respect for front-line workers, visual tracking, and flexible regimentation. Health care case studies illustrate each principle. The goal of this article is to provide a template for health care leaders to use in considering the implementation of the Lean management system or in assessing the current state of implementation in their organizations. PMID:23274021

Toussaint, John S; Berry, Leonard L

2013-01-01

275

Factors Important to Success in the Volunteer Long-Term Care Ombudsman Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found that the satisfaction of one state's largely older volunteers' altruistic, affiliation, and self-improvement motives corresponded to increased organizational loyalty and better performance across several dimensions. Younger volunteers served for shorter periods and were more highly motivated by the "self-improvement" need.…

Nelson, H. Wayne; Hooker, Karen; DeHart, Kimberly N.; Edwards, John A.; Lanning, Kevin

2004-01-01

276

Home health care: the dietitian's role.  

PubMed

Nutritional services are an important part of the home care program. Medicare, Medicaid, and other third-party mechanisms do not reimburse providers for such services, even though the cost for home care is lower than for institutional care. Recognizing the need for nutritional services, the Veterans Administration has included the dietitian as a member of the home care team. Skills and guidelines developed by The American Dietetic Association for home and ambulatory care were adapted and utilized in developing a dietetic home care procedure which helps to avoid institutional care and provides a better quality of life at home. Nutritional services should be an integral part of all home health care programs. Because most home care programs do not have funds for a dietitian's service, legislative and/or regulatory action is needed to provide reimbursement for nutritional home care services. PMID:368104

Birge, K R; Maxwell, D R

1979-01-01

277

Technology in health care: forensic implications.  

PubMed

Technology continues to evolve and improve making our everyday tasks appear sometimes routine and mundane. The health care industry has embraced technological advances to improve on its daily operations in an effort to run more efficiently. Health care providers must be aware that these technologies collect data, lots of data, which is discoverable and may be used to defend or refute your actions as a nurse. This article will take a closer look at health care technology, cell phones, medical equipment, social media, telematics, and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act requirements, so that you will become familiar with the information and electronic fingerprint left behind. PMID:25463007

Quail, M Thomas

2015-01-01

278

Oregon's Experiment in Health Care Delivery and Payment Reform: Coordinated Care Organizations Replacing Managed Care.  

PubMed

To control Medicaid costs, improve quality, and drive community engagement, the Oregon Health Authority introduced a new system of coordinated care organizations (CCOs). While CCOs resemble traditional Medicaid managed care, they have differences that have been deliberately designed to improve care coordination, increase accountability, and incorporate greater community governance. Reforms include global budgets integrating medical, behavioral, and oral health care and public health functions; risk-adjusted payments rewarding outcomes and evidence-based practice; increased transparency; and greater community engagement. The CCO model faces several implementation challenges. If successful, it will provide improved health care delivery, better health outcomes, and overall savings. PMID:25480844

Howard, Steven W; Bernell, Stephanie L; Yoon, Jangho; Luck, Jeff; Ranit, Claire M

2015-02-01

279

41TREE CARE INDUSTRY -DECEMBER 2001 Plant Health Care  

E-print Network

41TREE CARE INDUSTRY - DECEMBER 2001 Plant Health Care Why Do Trees Vary in Suitability to Insects relationships among tree food quality to in- sects and pathogens, the environment and tree growth rates. The articles are based on a paper presented at "Trees 2000: Challenges for the future," a conference or

280

Health care employee perceptions of patient-centered care.  

PubMed

Given the importance of health care employees in the delivery of patient-centered care, understanding their unique perspectives is essential for quality improvement. The purpose of this study was to use photovoice to evaluate perceptions and experiences around patient-centered care among U.S. Veterans Affairs (VA) health care employees. We asked participants to take photographs of salient features in their environment related to patient-centered care. We used the photographs to facilitate dialogue during follow-up interviews. Twelve VA health care employees across two VA sites participated in the project. Although most participants felt satisfied with their work environment and experiences at the VA, they identified several areas for improvement. These included a need for more employee health and wellness initiatives and a need for enhanced opportunities for training and professional growth. Application of photovoice enabled us to learn about employees' unique perspectives around patient-centered care while engaging them in an evaluation of care delivery. PMID:25274626

Balbale, Salva Najib; Turcios, Stephanie; LaVela, Sherri L

2015-03-01

281

Exchange of experience on primary health care.  

PubMed

Objectives of the interregional Conference on Primary Health Care, organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Southeast Asis together with the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, were as follows: to exchange country experiences in the organization and implementation of primary health care; to assess primary health care development vis-a-vis national socioeconomic development and national health systems; to define alternative approaches to the development of the health infrastructure for inntegrated implementation of the 8 essential elements of primary health care; and to define the coordinating role of governments and international organizations in supporting and mobilizing resources in support of primary health care to to formulate recommendations for the organization and furthr development of primary care. The conference was attended by 35 participants from 18 countries in all 6 WHO regions and by representatives of 5 UN agencies. Conference recommendations include: a program of public information and health education should be launched to create and strengthen the desired awareness and commitment among the people and their representatives; the national health policy on primary health care should be broadly disseminated among all professional groups and functionaries involved in community development activities both in the health sector and outside it; concerted action by all health related development sectors should be initiated and strengthened to support the health sector in acheiving the goal of health for all; appropriate mechanisms relevant to the local situation should be evolved to give suitable training, orientation, and motivation to the community and opinion leaders in order to ensure their total involvement in the implementation and management of their own health care; governments should ensure the allocation of adequate funds for the smooth implementation of the program and that preferential allocation of resources be made for activities in the underserved areas; more rapid measures should be taken to extend primary health care services to all segments of the community that are still not covered; and the shortage of personnel available for providing primary care should be made up by reorienting existing personnel, accelerating the pace of basic training for primary health workers, and possibly also by inducting the health manpower available under traditional systems of medicine. PMID:6506669

1984-01-01

282

Commodifying the polyvalent good of health care.  

PubMed

This essay serves as an introduction to this issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy on commodification and health care. The essay attempts to sharpen the articulation of generally expressed worries about the commodification of health care. It does so by defining commodification, analyzing three components of the good of health care, and attempting to assess how commodification might distort the shape of each of those components. Next, it explores how the good of health care might be distorted by the market-based principle of distributive justice, "to each according to ability to pay." Finally, it identifies two basic questions about the relationship of medicine and the market that merit further exploration. (1) How does the market-based language of "incentives" so pervasive in the world of managed care distort the complex patterns of virtue and vice that motivate actors in the health care arena? (2) If we recognize that we cannot eliminate the influence of money from the health care system, how can we insure that the good of health care remains, in Radin's terms, "incompletely commodified"? PMID:10472812

Kaveny, M C

1999-06-01

283

Strategic service quality management for health care.  

PubMed

Quality management has become one of the most important and most debated topics within the service sector. This is especially true for health care, as the controversy rages on how the existing American system should be restructured. Health care reform aimed at reducing costs and ensuring access to all Americans cannot be allowed to jeopardize the quality of care. As such, total quality management (TQM) has become a vital ingredient to strategic planning within the health care domain. At the heart of any such quality improvement effort is the issue of measurement. TQM cannot be effectively utilized as a competitive weapon unless quality can be accurately defined, measured, evaluated, and monitored over time. Through such analysis a hospital can elect how to expend its limited resources toward those quality improvement projects which will impact customer perceptions of service quality the most. Thus, the purpose of this report is to establish a framework by which to approach the issue of quality measurement, delineate the various components of quality that exist in health care, and explore how these elements affect one another. We propose that the issue of quality measurement in health care be approached as an integration of service quality attributes common to other service organizations and technical quality attributes unique to health care. We hope that this research will serve as a first step toward the synthesis of the various quality attributes inherent in the health care domain and encourage other researchers to address the interactions of the various quality attributes. PMID:8763215

Anderson, E A; Zwelling, L A

1996-01-01

284

An introduction to oral health care reform.  

PubMed

Oral health care reform is made up of several components, but access to care is central. Health care reform will occur in some fashion at some point, and how it will impact the entire dental sector is unclear. In the short term, there is likely to be a dental component during the reauthorization of State Children's Health Insurance Program in early 2009, and several federal oral health bills are expected to be reintroduced as well. Additional public funding for new programs and program expansions remains questionable, as federal funding will be tight. Fiscal conservancy will be occurring in the states as well; however, various proposals to expand dental hygienists' duties are likely, as are proposals related to student grants for dental schools. Regardless of one's political stance, the profile of oral health care has been elevated, offering countless opportunities for improvement in the oral health of the nation. PMID:19482130

Hathaway, Kristen L

2009-07-01

285

Vaccine perceptions among Oregon health care providers.  

PubMed

Health care providers exert a significant influence on parental pediatric vaccination decisions. We conducted hour-long interviews with traditional and alternative health care providers in which we explored a range of associations between vaccination perceptions and practice. A key finding was that the Health Belief Model constructs of perceived susceptibility to and severity of either an illness or an adverse vaccine event partially explained health care provider (HCP) beliefs about the risks or benefits of vaccination, especially among alternative care providers. Low or high perceived susceptibility to a vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) or of the severity of a given VPD affects whether an HCP will promote or oppose pediatric vaccination recommendations. Beyond these perceptions, health and vaccination beliefs are affected by the contextual factors of personal experience, group norms, immunology beliefs, and beliefs about industry and government. Building powerful affective heuristics might be critical to balancing the forces that defeat good public health practices. PMID:23964059

Bean, Sandra J; Catania, Joseph A

2013-09-01

286

Health care technology and quality of care.  

PubMed

The increasing costs and complexity of technologic advances in diagnosis and treatment have been accompanied by other important issues. They are often moral or ethical in nature; they include the public's desire and determination to have access to these "high-tech" advances; and the quality and equity with which those advances are apportioned and applied must be addressed. Seven criteria that can be applied to technology assessment are identified as is a process for that assessment. Together, these procedures can provide valuable information and assistance to those who make decisions about health benefits coverage--both in the public and the private sectors. PMID:2980910

Schaffarzick, R W

1987-08-01

287

Petroleum and Health Care: Evaluating and Managing Health Care's Vulnerability to Petroleum Supply Shifts  

PubMed Central

Petroleum is used widely in health care—primarily as a transport fuel and feedstock for pharmaceuticals, plastics, and medical supplies—and few substitutes for it are available. This dependence theoretically makes health care vulnerable to petroleum supply shifts, but this vulnerability has not been empirically assessed. We quantify key aspects of petroleum use in health care and explore historical associations between petroleum supply shocks and health care prices. These analyses confirm that petroleum products are intrinsic to modern health care and that petroleum supply shifts can affect health care prices. In anticipation of future supply contractions lasting longer than previous shifts and potentially disrupting health care delivery, we propose an adaptive management approach and outline its application to the example of emergency medical services. PMID:21778473

Bednarz, Daniel; Bae, Jaeyong; Pierce, Jessica

2011-01-01

288

Antitrust implications of health care reform.  

PubMed

Antitrust issues affect the insurance industry, hospital industry, and physicians. The authors explore the history of antitrust issues in the health care field and implications for future developments. Interest in antitrust has increased due to current merger and acquisition activities in the industry. With the failure of the Health Security Act, health care reform will be left to private industry. Will there be increasing or decreasing antitrust activity by the Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission? PMID:10144613

Dempsey, J; Schmidt, W

1995-09-01

289

Socioeconomic inequality in health and health care among children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: There is evidence of a steepening socioeconomic gradient in health as children age in the US. Building on this research, this study examines the association between socioeconomic inequality in health and access to health care in the context of a universal health system. The objectives of this research are twofold: first, to estimate the extent of socioeconomic inequality in

Sara Allin; Mark Stabile

2010-01-01

290

Developing health care workforces for uncertain futures.  

PubMed

Conventional approaches to health care workforce planning are notoriously unreliable. In part, this is due to the uncertainty of the future health milieu. An approach to health care workforce planning that accommodates this uncertainty is not only possible but can also generate intelligence on which planning and consequent development can be reliably based. Drawing on the experience of Health Workforce New Zealand, the author outlines some of the approaches being used in New Zealand. Instead of relying simply on health care data, which provides a picture of current circumstances in health systems, the author argues that workforce planning should rely on health care intelligence-looking beyond the numbers to build understanding of how to achieve desired outcomes. As health care systems throughout the world respond to challenges such as reform efforts, aging populations of patients and providers, and maldistribution of physicians (to name a few), New Zealand's experience may offer a model for rethinking workforce planning to truly meet health care needs. PMID:25607938

Gorman, Des

2015-04-01

291

Cooperative health care clinics: a group approach to individual care.  

PubMed

In cooperative health care clinics (CHCC), health care is provided to older patients in a group setting. The CHCC concept, which was developed under a research grant by Kaiser Permanente in Colorado in 1991, showed improvement in patient and provider satisfaction, as well as improved quality of care and cost effectiveness. CHCC are being replicated in other sites under a research grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. In addition to formal findings from research studies, much has been learned about factors that have promoted the success of the program. PMID:9597981

Scott, J; Gade, G; McKenzie, M; Venohr, I

1998-05-01

292

A Health Services Framework of Spiritual Care  

PubMed Central

Aims To introduce a health services framework of spiritual care that addresses the empirical and applied issues surrounding spirituality and nursing practice. Background Despite over 20 years of study, the concept of spirituality is still under development, which limits application to nursing practice. Methods Three studies using a health services framework are reviewed: (1) a survey study of dying patients and family that describes the providers, types, and outcomes of spiritual care; (2) an exploratory study of the process of spiritual care; and (3) a multi-level study of the structure and outcomes of spiritual care in long-term care facilities. Results Spiritual care recipients identify family or friends (41%), clergy (17%), and health care providers (29%) as spiritual care providers. The most frequently reported type of spiritual care was help in coping with illness (87%). Just over half (55%) of spiritual care recipients were very satisfied or somewhat satisfied with the care that they received. The processes of spiritual care involved: (1) presence, or the deliberate ideation and purposeful action of providing care that went beyond medical treatment; (2) opening eyes, or the process by which providers became aware of their patient’s storied humanity and the individualized experience of their current illness, and; (3) co-creating, which was a mutual and fluid activity between patients, family members, and care providers that began with an affirmation of the patient’s life experience and led to the generation of a holistic care plan that focused on maintaining the patient’s humanity and dignity. In long term care facilities, decedents who received spiritual care were perceived as receiving better overall care in the last month of life, when compared with those decedents who did not receive spiritual care. In addition, among those receiving support for their spiritual needs, care was rated more highly among those who received support from facility staff, such as nurses, than those who did not; no differences were observed based on the presence of other sources of support. Conclusions A health services framework provides a holistic view of spiritual care, one that is consistent with integrated nursing models. Implications for Nursing Management By focusing on the structure, process, and outcome elements of spiritual care within organizational settings, nursing management can develop feasible approaches to implement, improve, and evaluate the delivery of this unique type of care. PMID:23151104

Daaleman, Timothy P.

2012-01-01

293

[Primary care in maternal-child health].  

PubMed

The theoretical and methodological elements of primary health care (PHC) include a philosophy of work and an epistemological focus toward the processes of health and illness, as well as a practical medical anthropological knowledge of the culture-specific aspects of disease. The work methodology of PHC requires care of the individual as a bio-psycho-socio-affective being integrated into a particular environment; none of the aspects of being should be neglected or given priority. Care should also be integrated in the sense of providing preventive health care as well as curative and rehabilitative services, in all phases from training of health personnel to record keeping. The primary health care team is multidisciplinary in constitution and interdisciplinary in function. PHC assumes that health care will be accessible to users and that continuity of care will be provided. The need for community participation in all phases of health care has been reiterated in several international health declarations. A well-functioning PHC system will require new types of pre- and postgraduate health education in a changing social and professional system and continuing education under adequate supervision for health workers. Research capability for identifying community health problems, a rigorous evaluation system, and epidemiologic surveillance are also needed. All of these elements are applicable to the field of maternal and child health as well as to PHC. The most appropriate place to intervene in order to correct existing imbalances in access to health care for mothers and children is in the PHC system. Examples of areas that should be stressed include vaccinations, nutrition, psychomotor development, early diagnosis and treatment for handicapped children, prevention of childhood accidents, school health and absenteeism, all aspects of health education, adoption and alternatives to abandonment of children, alcoholism and addiction, adolescent pregnancy and family planning, dental health, and mental problems. Trained primary care pediatricians working within the community as part of the PHC system will be required to confront and solve complex health problems. The training needed does not signify a new speciality or subspeciality, but rather a training methodology and a new type of professional practice. PMID:3752740

Pedreira Massa, J L

1986-07-01

294

Baylor Health Care System's journey to provide equitable care.  

PubMed

Baylor Health Care System* has a long history of addressing health disparities at its hospitals and clinics and in the communities it serves. The organization's definition of health equity has evolved from simply providing care that looks the same for all patients to providing care that is tailored to and effective at producing equitable outcomes for the highly diverse populations of North Texas. Baylor's overarching framework for achieving health equity requires work in three dimensions: improving access to care, improving care delivery, and ultimately producing equitable outcomes for patients. The strategies and tactics used by Baylor have also evolved over time and range from initiatives supporting volunteerism and community service to the operation of a network of clinics tailored to meet the needs of uninsured and underinsured patients. The factors contributing to disparities among different populations include a broad range of health system, medical, and societal issues, many of which are outside the direct scope of influence of hospitals and other healthcare organizations. We share how Baylor has proactively addressed disparities within the organization and its community in the hope of encouraging other hospitals and providers to engage in similar efforts to improve care for all patients. PMID:25291890

Allison, Joel T; Fullerton, Cliff; Chabira, Adam

2014-01-01

295

Analysis of Senate Bill 890: Basic Health Care Services  

E-print Network

Affordable Care Act (P.L.111-148), which was amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (Affordable Care Act (P.L.111-148), which was amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (

California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP)

2010-01-01

296

Health care reform and rural mental health: Severe mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service needs of rural severely mentally ill and strengths of rural communities are addressed. Health care reform policy development at present appears to neglect the seriously mentally ill in general and rural services specifically. Examples of strategies to meet the needs for health care, psychiatric treatment, psychosocial rehabilitation and appropriate housing are described. The advantages and drawbacks of such efforts

Catherine F. Kane; Jacqueline M. Ennis

1996-01-01

297

HEALTH SERVICES 431: HEALTH CARE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND MANAGEMENT SKILLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations are held accountable to multiple stakeholders. New systems to manage the changing face of organizational processes are continually being created necessitating constant change in the way we work together in the healthcare workplace. Today's health care manager requires a clear understanding of the complexity in which health care organizations function and a commensurate stable of knowledge, skills and abilities

Diana W. Hilberman

298

Introducing a fresh approach to health care.  

E-print Network

health plan gives you access to quality care and the tools and resources you need to manage your health to manage your plan, your money and your health Your terms · Definitions of key terms 3 #12;innovative {in offers a wide range of benefits that provide the protection you need. You're covered for everything from

299

Home Health and Informal Care Utilization  

E-print Network

and Sano also are supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Address correspondence to: Carolyn W. Zhu, PhD, Health Economist, GeriatricHome Health and Informal Care Utilization and Costs Over Time in Alzheimer's Disease Carolyn W. Zhu

300

Young People's Experiences of Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen in-depth interviews were conducted to explore young people's experiences of mental health care in Australia with the aim of informing the headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation. The interviews revealed that significant numbers of respondents had been aware of their mental health problems for several years before seeking help and…

Cohen, Anjalee; Medlow, Sharon; Kelk, Norm; Hickie, Ian; Whitwell, Bradley

2009-01-01

301

Space technology in remote health care  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program for an earth-based remote health service system is discussed as a necessary step for the development and verification of a remote health services spacecraft capability. This demonstration program is described to provide data for developing health care for future manned space missions.

Belasco, N.

1974-01-01

302

Planning Campus Health Care Services 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New trends in campus health care delivery were discussed at a workshop in Chicago sponsored by the Society for College and University Planning on January 30-31, 1975. Consideration was given to the repercussions of strong consumer demands for broader and more accessible health services, the emergence of health maintenance organizations, and…

Hazard, Sprague W.

1975-01-01

303

Voice Care Jewels: Nurturing Singers' Vocal Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the importance of vocal health for students. Discusses learning about vocal health care and the techniques used to educate music students about it. Includes an annotated bibliography of resources on vocal health, a survey to administer to students, and "Jewels of Wisdom" useful to music teachers. (CMK)

Cooper, Cynthia

2002-01-01

304

Reflections on curative health care in Nicaragua.  

PubMed

Improved health care in Nicaragua is a major priority of the Sandinista revolution; it has been pursued by major reforms of the national health care system, something few developing countries have attempted. In addition to its internationally recognized advances in public health, considerable progress has been made in health care delivery by expanding curative medical services through training more personnel and building more facilities to fulfill a commitment to free universal health coverage. The very uneven quality of medical care is the leading problem facing curative medicine now. Underlying factors include the difficulty of adequately training the greatly increased number of new physicians. Misdiagnosis and mismanagement continue to be major problems. The curative medical system is not well coordinated with the preventive sector. Recent innovations include initiation of a "medicina integral" residency, similar to family practice. Despite its inadequacies and the handicaps of war and poverty, the Nicaraguan curative medical system has made important progress. PMID:2705603

Slater, R G

1989-05-01

305

47 CFR 54.633 - Health care provider contribution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Health care provider contribution. 54.633...SERVICE Universal Service Support for Health Care Providers Healthcare Connect Fund § 54.633 Health care provider contribution. (a)...

2014-10-01

306

47 CFR 54.633 - Health care provider contribution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Health care provider contribution. 54.633...SERVICE Universal Service Support for Health Care Providers Healthcare Connect Fund § 54.633 Health care provider contribution. (a)...

2013-10-01

307

76 FR 37307 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...02-60; FCC 11-101] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...discounted services under the rural health care program. Grandfathered providers...but play a key role in delivering health care services to surrounding...

2011-06-27

308

77 FR 42185 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...02-60; FCC 12-74] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...responsible basis for specific Rural Health Care Pilot Program participants that...connectivity and the resulting health care benefits that patients...

2012-07-18

309

76 FR 57637 - TRICARE; Continued Health Care Benefit Program Expansion  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...0720-AB30 TRICARE; Continued Health Care Benefit Program Expansion AGENCY...eligible to purchase Continued Health Care Benefit Program (CHCBP) coverage...program that provides continued health care coverage for eligible...

2011-09-16

310

[Informatics in the Croatian health care system].  

PubMed

Informatization process of the Croatian health care system started relatively early. Computer processing of data of persons not covered by health insurance started in 1968 in Zagreb. Remetinec Health Center served as a model of computer data processing (CDP) in primary health care and Sveti Duh General Hospital in inpatient CDP, whereas hospital administration and health service were first introduced to Zagreb University Hospital Center and Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital. At Varazdin Medical Center CDP for health care services started in 1970. Several registries of chronic diseases have been established: cancer, psychosis, alcoholism, and hospital registries as well as pilot registries of lung tuberculosis patients and diabetics. Health statistics reports on healthcare services, work accidents and sick-leaves as well as on hospital mortality started to be produced by CDP in 1977. Besides alphanumeric data, the modern information technology (IT) can give digital images and signals. Communication in health care system demands a standardized format of all information, especially for telemedicine. In 2000, Technical Committee for Standardization in Medical Informatics was founded in Croatia, in order to monitor the activities of the International Standardization Organization (ISO) and Comite Européen de Normalisation (CEN), and to implement their international standards in the Croatian standardization procedure. The HL7 Croatia has also been founded to monitor developments in the communication standard HL7. So far, the Republic of Croatia has a number of acts regulating informatization in general and consequently the informatization of the health care system (Act on Personal Data Confidentiality, Act on Digital Signature, Act of Standardization) enacted. The ethical aspect of data security and data protection has been covered by the Code of Ethics for medical informaticians. It has been established by the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA), and the Croatian Society of Medical Informatics (CSMI) has translated it into Croatian and published it on its website. Based on a survey of medical staff attitudes toward health care system informatization, the Croatian health system appears to be ready for informatization. The only requirement is that the present and future health care providers have appropriate medical informatics education, proper computer equipment at their workplace, and an opportunity to participate in the development and/or improvement of the health information system. One of the EU health strategy priorities is the improvement of health information and knowledge. It means that integrated health information systems are required, i.e. systems able to provide key information on health and health care system to the politicians, health professionals and public in general. PMID:16095187

Kern, Josipa; Strnad, Marija

2005-01-01

311

The Ottawa Charter and acute health care.  

PubMed

The Ottawa Charter is a significant document in relation to health promotion and the priorities for action needed to facilitate health for all people. The relevance of this document to an intensive care setting and the extent to which it may be translated into meaningful practice is examined in this paper. Acute care is an area lying at the extreme end of tertiary health, and at first glance it may be difficult to reconcile the significance of health promotion and the Ottawa Charter with this particular area of health care practice. On closer inspection, however, the relevance of the Charter lies in its impact on the number and type of patients seen in the Intensive Care Unit, and on the effect that the implementation of the health promotion action areas has on the client base. Even at the extreme end of tertiary care it is equally important to be aware of public health issues and to advocate, enable and mediate, where necessary, on behalf of and alongside patients, particularly as we care for them when they are most vulnerable. A commitment to both action and meaningful practice must continue to be pursued while equity in health remains a goal to be achieved. PMID:18556735

Munster, Francesca

2008-06-01

312

Health and Safety Considerations: Caring for Young Children with Exceptional Health Care Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual on health and safety considerations in caring for young children with exceptional health care needs is a product of Project EXCEPTIONAL (EXceptional Children: Education in Preschool Techniques for Inclusion, Opportunity-building, Nurturing And Learning), which has the goal of increasing the quality and quantity of inclusive child care

Presler, Betty

313

Robots and service innovation in health care.  

PubMed

Robots have long captured our imagination and are being used increasingly in health care. In this paper we summarize, organize and criticize the health care robotics literature and highlight how the social and technical elements of robots iteratively influence and redefine each other. We suggest the need for increased emphasis on sociological dimensions of using robots, recognizing how social and work relations are restructured during changes in practice. Further, we propose the usefulness of a 'service logic' in providing insight as to how robots can influence health care innovation. PMID:20729249

Oborn, Eivor; Barrett, Michael; Darzi, Ara

2011-01-01

314

Future developments in health care performance management  

PubMed Central

This paper highlights the challenges of performance management in health care, wherein multiple different objectives have to be pursued. The literature suggests starting with quality performance, following the sand cone theory, but considering a multidimensional concept of health care quality. Moreover, new managerial approaches coming from an industrial context and adapted to health care, such as lean management and risk management, can contribute to improving quality performance. Therefore, the opportunity to analyze them arises from studying their overlaps and links in order to identify possible synergies and to investigate the opportunity to develop an integrated methodology enabling improved performance. PMID:24255600

Crema, Maria; Verbano, Chiara

2013-01-01

315

Health Care Robotics: A Progress Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the approach followed in the design of a service robot for health care applications. Under the auspices of the NASA Technology Transfer program, a partnership was established between JPL and RWI, a manufacturer of mobile robots, to design and evaluate a mobile robot for health care assistance to the elderly and the handicapped. The main emphasis of the first phase of the project is on the development on a multi-modal operator interface and its evaluation by health care professionals and users. This paper describes the architecture of the system, the evaluation method used, and some preliminary results of the user evaluation.

Fiorini, Paolo; Ali, Khaled; Seraji, Homayoun

1997-01-01

316

Health care evaluation, utilitarianism and distortionary taxes.  

PubMed

Cost Utility Analysis (CUA) and Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) are methods to evaluate allocations of health care resources. Problems are raised for both methods when income taxes do not meet the first best optimum. This paper explores the implications of three ways that taxes may fall short of this ideal. First, taxes may be distortionary. Second, they may be designed and administered without reference to information that is used by providers of health care. Finally, the share of tax revenue that is devoted to health care may be suboptimal. The two methods are amended to account for these factors. PMID:11184801

Calcott, P

2000-09-01

317

Simulation modeling for the health care manager.  

PubMed

This article addresses the use of simulation software to solve administrative problems faced by health care managers. Spreadsheet add-ins, process simulation software, and discrete event simulation software are available at a range of costs and complexity. All use the Monte Carlo method to realistically integrate probability distributions into models of the health care environment. Problems typically addressed by health care simulation modeling are facility planning, resource allocation, staffing, patient flow and wait time, routing and transportation, supply chain management, and process improvement. PMID:19668066

Kennedy, Michael H

2009-01-01

318

The Use of Volunteers in School Health Services. Position Statement. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that quality health care within the school environment can best be attained through the employment of a full-time registered professional school nurse (hereinafter referred to as school nurse) for each school building. The health services needed by students at school continue…

Rose, Kathleen C.; Blout, JoAnn; DiGregorio, Heiddy; Selekman, Janice

2012-01-01

319

The Shifting Landscape of Health Care: Toward a Model of Health Care Empowerment  

PubMed Central

In a rapidly changing world of health care information access and patients’ rights, there is limited conceptual infrastructure available to understand how people approach and engage in treatment of medical conditions. The construct of health care empowerment is defined as the process and state of being engaged, informed, collaborative, committed, and tolerant of uncertainty regarding health care. I present a model in which health care empowerment is influenced by an interplay of cultural, social, and environmental factors; personal resources; and intrapersonal factors. The model offers a framework to understand patient and provider roles in facilitating health care empowerment and presents opportunities for investigation into the role of health care empowerment in multiple outcomes across populations and settings, including inquiries into the sources and consequences of health disparities. PMID:21164096

2011-01-01

320

Transforming nursing care through health literacy ACTS.  

PubMed

Limited patient literacy contributes to poorer health status, increased emergency room and hospital use, higher morbidity and mortality rates, and less use of preventive health services. All patients, however, need health information that is accurate, accessible, and actionable to make informed decisions about their health. A universal health literacy precautions approach is recommended to empower patients through shared decision-making interactions. Consistent use of evidence-based health literacy practices by front-line nurses offers the potential for transformations in nursing care through stronger patient-nurse interactions and health system partnerships. PMID:25680489

French, Kempa S

2015-03-01

321

Access to Health Care: Health Insurance Considerations for Young Adults With Special Health Care Needs\\/Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth with special health care needs\\/dis- abilities want what all youth in America want: indepen- dence, health, friends, and jobs. Yet, between 19 and 23 years of age (depending on the state), youth with special health care needs\\/disabilities often find little availability of health insurance or health providers that were an essential part of why they survived and now are

Patience H. White

2010-01-01

322

Case Studies in Primary Health Care  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How does one learn about primary health care? Some might attend public health schools while others will find different ways to explore this fascinating field on their own. One particularly nice resource on the subject is this course from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. Offered as part of the Open Course Ware initiative, the course was first developed in the fall of 2011 and was co-taught by Henry Taylor and Henry Perry. It was designed to introduce students to "the origins, concepts, and development of community-based primary health care through case studies from both developing and developed countries." The materials here include the syllabus, lecture materials, readings, and assignments. Within the Lecture Materials section visitors can watch or listen to conversions on the roots of community-based primary health care and women's empowerment via public health. Additionally, visitors can look over the course assignments or check out some of the discussion questions.

Perry, Henry

2011-01-01

323

Challenges to Native American health care.  

PubMed Central

Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. Images p[23]-a p27-a p28-a p30-a PMID:9885525

Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

1998-01-01

324

Managing County Employee Health Care Costs The Problem  

E-print Network

.pdf Health Fair Planning Guide http://fcs.tamu.edu/health/health_fair_ planning_guide/index.php HealthManaging County Employee Health Care Costs The Problem If food costs increased at same rate as health care, one dozen eggs would cost $80.20! 87.5% of health-care claims are due to employees

325

Should Health Care Providers be Accountable for Patients' Care Experiences?  

PubMed

Measures of patients' care experiences are increasingly used as quality measures in accountability initiatives. As the prominence and financial impact of patient experience measures have increased, so too have concerns about the relevance and fairness of including them as indicators of health care quality. Using evidence from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) surveys, the most widely used patient experience measures in the United States, we address seven common critiques of patient experience measures: (1) consumers do not have the expertise needed to evaluate care quality; (2) patient "satisfaction" is subjective and thus not valid or actionable; (3) increasing emphasis on improving patient experiences encourages health care providers and plans to fulfill patient desires, leading to care that is inappropriate, ineffective, and/or inefficient; (4) there is a trade-off between providing good patient experiences and providing high-quality clinical care; (5) patient scores cannot be fairly compared across health care providers or plans due to factors beyond providers' control; (6) response rates to patient experience surveys are low, or responses reflect only patients with extreme experiences; and (7) there are faster, cheaper, and more customized ways to survey patients than the standardized approaches mandated by federal accountability initiatives. PMID:25416601

Anhang Price, Rebecca; Elliott, Marc N; Cleary, Paul D; Zaslavsky, Alan M; Hays, Ron D

2015-02-01

326

The case for integrating oral health into primary health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Severe disparities in oral health and inequities in access to oral health care exist globally. In New Zealand, the cost of oral health services is high. Physician services and medicines are heavily subsidised by the government—however, in contrast, private financing, either as out-of-pocket payments or as private insurance, dominates dental care. Consequently, the use of services is often prompted by

Santosh Jatrana; Peter Crampton; Sara Filoche

2009-01-01

327

Impact of dropout of female volunteer community health workers: An exploration in Dhaka urban slums  

PubMed Central

Background The model of volunteer community health workers (CHWs) is a common approach to serving the poor communities in developing countries. BRAC, a large NGO in Bangladesh, is a pioneer in this area, has been using female CHWs as core workers in its community-based health programs since 1977. After 25?years of implementing of the CHW model in rural areas, BRAC has begun using female CHWs in urban slums through a community-based maternal health intervention. However, BRAC experiences high dropout rates among CHWs suggesting a need to better understand the impact of their dropout which would help to reduce dropout and increase program sustainability. The main objective of the study was to estimate impact of dropout of volunteer CHWs from both BRAC and community perspectives. Also, we estimated cost of possible strategies to reduce dropout and compared whether these costs were more or less than the costs borne by BRAC and the community. Methods We used the ‘ingredient approach’ to estimate the cost of recruiting and training of CHWs and the so-called ‘friction cost approach’ to estimate the cost of replacement of CHWs after adapting. Finally, we estimated forgone services in the community due to CHW dropout applying the concept of the friction period. Results In 2009, average cost per regular CHW was US$ 59.28 which was US$ 60.04 for an ad-hoc CHW if a CHW participated a three-week basic training, a one-day refresher training, one incentive day and worked for a month in the community after recruitment. One month absence of a CHW with standard performance in the community meant substantial forgone health services like health education, antenatal visits, deliveries, referrals of complicated cases, and distribution of drugs and health commodities. However, with an additional investment of US$ 121 yearly per CHW BRAC could save another US$ 60 invested an ad-hoc CHW plus forgone services in the community. Conclusion Although CHWs work as volunteers in Dhaka urban slums impact of their dropout is immense both in financial term and forgone services. High cost of dropout makes the program less sustainable. However, simple and financially competitive strategies can improve the sustainability of the program. PMID:22897922

2012-01-01

328

Mental health services of the future: Managed care, unmanaged care, mismanaged care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rising costs. Treatable disorders. No treatment for many. High indirect expenses. The response to this contemporary set of circumstances has been managed mental health care. The transition from fee?for?service to managed behavioral health services has meant the industrialization of mental health care, an entirely new culture for providers, and a melding of the traditional public and private sectors. This article

Jeffrey L. Geller

1996-01-01

329

Implementation of Advanced Health Care Technology into Existing Competency-Based Health Care Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken to develop new curriculum materials that could be incorporated into an existing health assistant program to cover recent advances in health care technology. Area physicians' offices were toured and meetings were held with administrators of local hospitals in order to discover what kinds of advances in health care

Klemovage, Shirley

330

Health and Health Care Disparities among Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

While disparities in health and health care between vulnerable (e.g., minorities, low income) and majority populations are well documented, less is known about disparities within these special populations that are large and diverse. Such knowledge is essential to determine the most needy within these generally needy populations and to plan interventions to reduce their health and health care disparities. With data from 1,331 women residing in Los Angeles County, in one of the largest, most comprehensive studies of the health of homeless women to date, we examined the health and health care disparities among homeless African American, Latina and white women. We further explored if race/ethnicity and other factors that predispose homeless women to poor health or enable them to obtain better health care were associated with their unmet need for medical care. We found that white, non-Latina women were more likely to report unmet need than African Americans and Latinas, and women suffering from drug abuse, violence, or depression were most in need of care. These findings should be considered in targeting and addressing the special needs of homeless women of different racial/ethnic groups. PMID:21170815

Teruya, Cheryl; Longshore, Douglas; Andersen, Ronald M.; Arangua, Lisa; Nyamathi, Adeline; Leake, Barbara; Gelberg, Lillian

2011-01-01

331

Health and health care disparities among homeless women.  

PubMed

While disparities in health and health care between vulnerable (e.g., minorities, low-income) and majority populations are well documented, less is known about disparities within these special populations that are large and diverse. Such knowledge is essential to determine the neediest within these generally needy populations, and to plan interventions to reduce their health and health care disparities. With data from 1,331 women residing in Los Angeles County California, in one of the largest, most comprehensive studies of the health of homeless women to date, this study examined the health and health care disparities among homeless African American, Latina, and white women. This study further explored if race/ethnicity and other factors that predispose homeless women to poor health, or enable them to obtain better health care, were associated with their unmet need for medical care. The study found that white, non-Latina women were more likely to report unmet need than African Americans and Latinas, and women suffering from drug abuse, violence, or depression were most in need of care. These findings should be considered in targeting and addressing the special needs of homeless women of different racial/ethnic groups. PMID:21170815

Teruya, Cheryl; Longshore, Douglas; Andersen, Ronald M; Arangua, Lisa; Nyamathi, Adeline; Leake, Barbara; Gelberg, Lillian

2010-12-01

332

The Promise Of Health Care Cost Containment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Today the United States may be on the cusp of changing,from a cost-uncon- scious health care system to one that seeks value. The consequences,of adopting a value- based approach to coverage have not been well studied; however, several broad strands of the health literature suggest that spending,could be reduced,by as much,as 30 percent without adversely affecting health. [Health Affairs

Alan Garber; Dana P. goldman; Anupam B. Jena

2007-01-01

333

Operationalizing knowledge management in health care.  

PubMed

Being able to leverage the collective clinical knowledge that a health system acquires on a daily basis and then apply that knowledge to elevate productivity and maintain clinical quality would be nirvana for health system executives. Although it is difficult to bring knowledge management to health care, it is not impossible. Architects of knowledge management solutions in health care will need to balance what an organization hopes to achieve in its market (business strategy); how they hope to achieve it (operating strategy); and where information technology is needed to enable what they hope to achieve and how they hope to achieve it (information strategy). PMID:11234728

Zazzara, P

2001-02-01

334

Market forces and efficient health care systems.  

PubMed

The "market forces" to which economists ascribe the ability to motivate improvement in quality and efficiency are largely nonexistent in U.S. health care. One thus might ask, "Could market forces be made strong enough to deliver efficient health care systems?" There is some evidence to suggest that the answer is "Yes." This paper offers a short list of some changes that would be needed to create such a health care economy. Continued increases in costs and in the numbers of uninsured people will likely make a universal coverage model based on Medicare a politically popular choice, but such a model would not deliver efficient health care systems because it lacks sufficient incentives for consumers to choose less costly options. PMID:15046128

Enthoven, Alain C

2004-01-01

335

Children with Special Health Care Needs  

MedlinePLUS

... Prevention Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety En Español Childhood Student Emergencies Children With Special Health Care Needs Parents ... teachers, and school nurses. FYI Related links Childhood Student Emergencies Symptoms of Childhood Emergencies When Your Child ...

336

Panel: Trends in Health Care Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The panel presents significant trends in demographic and economic forces that are driving healthcare delivery systems, how health care providers are responding to these driving forces, and how information systems are being developed using new technology to help health care providers and consumers. An aging population and rapidly increasing government and business health care expenditures are forcing hospitals and other health care providers to consolidate, compete, become more efficient, and diversify and market their services. Emerging computer technology will facilitate the development of information systems that utilize integrated data bases, communication networks, appropriate input/output devices, and cost effective computing power to provide the financial, management, and medical information required by these evolving provider systems.

Grams, Stanley; Dvorak, Robert M.; Pryor, T. Allan; Childs, Bill W.

1984-01-01

337

The valuation of health care intangible assets.  

PubMed

Health care entities (and especially medical practices) are valued for a number of reasons: sale transaction pricing and structuring, merger formation and dissolution, taxation and regulatory compliance, and litigation support and dispute resolution. The identification and quantification of the entity's intangible assets are often the most important aspects of the valuation. This article illustrates the generally accepted methods for valuing health care-related intangible assets. PMID:9143902

Reilly, R F; Rabe, J R

1997-01-01

338

Emerging trends in health care finance.  

PubMed

Access to capital will become more difficult. Capital access is dependent on ability to repay debt, which, in turn, is dependent on internally generated cash flows. Under any health care reform proposal, revenue inflows will be slowed. The use of corporate finance techniques to limit financial risk and lower cost will be a permanent response to fundamental changes to the health care system. These changes will result in greater balance sheet management, centralized capital allocation, and alternative sources of capital. PMID:7614219

Sterns, J B

1994-01-01

339

Agent-Based Health Care Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we introduce the main issues related to the deployment of agent-based systems in health care. First, we comment on the characteristics of health care problems and we argue that multi-agent systems are a good choice to tackle problems with these features. This belief is supported with a number of exemplar applications of agent-based systems in medical domains.

John L. Nealon; Antonio Moreno

340

Agent-Based Applications in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we introduce the main issues related to the deployment of agent-based systems in health care. First, we comment on the characteristics of health care problems and we argue that multi-agent systems are a good choice to tackle problems with these features. This be- lief is supported with a number of exemplar applications of agent-based systems in medical

John Nealon; Antonio Moreno

2003-01-01

341

Health Care Cost Containment In Connecticut  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In 1993, the state legislature, through its chief oversight committee—the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee—undertook\\u000a a study of Connecticut’s health care delivery system. The goal of the Committee’s study was to create a regulatory environment\\u000a that encourages cooperative efforts for controlling costs while setting boundaries for an emerging competitive health care\\u000a market. This paper summarizes some of the findings

L. Spencer Cain

342

Model Child Care Health Policies. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawn from a review of policies at over 100 child care programs nationwide, this document compiles model health policies intended for adaptation and selective use by out-of-home child care facilities. Following an introduction, the document presents model policy forms with blanks for adding individualized information for the following areas: (1)…

Aronson, Susan S.

343

Transforming IT University Health Care System  

E-print Network

-- Improved access to archived cardiology studies provides a competitive advantage for UHCS in the community to help improve healthcare GMAS delivers three important capabilities to ensure UHCS cliniciansTransforming IT University Health Care System improves patient care with enterprise grid storage

344

Risk contracts in managed mental health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prologue: The term risk contracting has become a familiar part of the vocabulary and the landscape of managed care. Risk contracting refers to an arrangement whereby the cost or claims risk for an insured population is borne by the entity that is desig- nated to bear risk: a prepaid plan or, as is increasingly the case for mental health care,

Richard G. Frank; Thomas G. McGuire; Joseph P. Newhouse

1995-01-01

345

The Health Care Dilemma. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to provide useful information about the components of quality health care and to suggest ways for the consumer to find and avail himself of the best care possible. The following subjects are covered, including brief histories of sociological background and suggestions on how to judge competency: (1) physicians,…

McTaggart, Aubrey C.; McTaggart, Lorna, M.

346

Medical returns: Seeking health care in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing prevalence of transnational medical travel among immigrant groups in industrialized nations, relatively little scholarship has explored the diverse reasons immigrants return home for care. To date, most research suggests that cost, lack of insurance and convenience propel US Latinos to seek health care along the Mexican border. Yet medical returns are common even among Latinos who do

Sarah Horton; Stephanie Cole

2011-01-01

347

[Quality of health care and its evaluation].  

PubMed

The focus on quality improvement of health care has been emerging in last decade, due to rapidly increasing competition, cost containment by governmental and private health financing corporations (including health insurance), and high costs structure of health care providing institutions. Accordingly, necessity of evaluation on results of care/outcome (discharge and discontinuation) of care has been drawn prompt attention of decision makers and administrators in health care institutions. However, since, original motive of quality care has been generated from the aspect of care providers' oriented (in US: Market and costs oriented, in Europe: Legislation oriented) bases and directions, in terms of cost performance, downsizing operation, improvement of competing capability and creating new profit making opportunity, evaluation approach, prioritization, itemization, setting goal, and standards were forced to set as forth to meet the providers' objective, in stead of patient's benefit and maximization of patient's satisfaction. Therefore, effective evaluation structure of quality balance management in operation must be built and consisted of four major 1)-4) cores to maintain patient oriented quality and optimal level of quality obligation to community. 1) In process 2) In Services 3) In Inhabitant Benefits 4) In Producing Assured Results. Through the efforts, it is proposed to urge "Evaluation Effectiveness Initiative (EEI) by Japan's leadership" to achieve sustainable safety and effective quality in balance of process through whole operations. PMID:9423195

Tsubo, T

1997-10-01

348

UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER CORRECTIONAL MANAGED HEALTH CARE  

E-print Network

with fluid retention due to heart failure, renal failure, or hepatic failure. 4. Mechanically Soft Diet concepts related to preventive health maintenance, including health education services and training in self-care skills as a part of inmate health service. Printed education materials shall be made available to all

Oliver, Douglas L.

349

Applying business management models in health care.  

PubMed

Most health care management training programmes and textbooks focus on only one or two models or conceptual frameworks, but the increasing complexity of health care organizations and their environments worldwide means that a broader perspective is needed. This paper reviews five management models developed for business organizations and analyses issues related to their application in health care. Three older, more 'traditional' models are first presented. These include the functional areas model, the tasks model and the roles model. Each is shown to provide a valuable perspective, but to have limitations if used in isolation. Two newer, more 'innovative' models are next discussed. These include total quality management (TQM) and reengineering. They have shown potential for enabling dramatic improvements in quality and cost, but have also been found to be more difficult to implement. A series of 'lessons learned' are presented to illustrate key success factors for applying them in health care organizations. In sum, each of the five models is shown to provide a useful perspective for health care management. Health care managers should gain experience and training with a broader set of business management models. PMID:12476639

Trisolini, Michael G

2002-01-01

350

Health Care Indicators: Hospital, Employment and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: Third Quarter 1997  

PubMed Central

This regular feature of the journal includes a discussion of recent trends in health care spending, employment, and prices. The statistics presented in this article are valuable in their own right and for understanding the relationship between the health care sector and the overall economy. In addition, they allow us to anticipate the direction and magnitude of health care cost changes prior to the availability of more comprehensive data. PMID:25372024

Seifert, Mary Lee; Heffler, Stephen K.; Donham, Carolyn S.

1998-01-01

351

Mental health stigma and primary health care decisions.  

PubMed

People with serious mental illness have higher rates of mortality and morbidity due to physical illness. In part, this occurs because primary care and other health providers sometimes make decisions contrary to typical care standards. This might occur because providers endorse mental illness stigma, which seems inversely related to prior personal experience with mental illness and mental health care. In this study, 166 health care providers (42.2% primary care, 57.8% mental health practice) from the Veteran?s Affairs (VA) medical system completed measures of stigma characteristics, expected adherence, and subsequent health decisions (referral to a specialist and refill pain prescription) about a male patient with schizophrenia who was seeking help for low back pain due to arthritis. Research participants reported comfort with previous mental health interventions. Path analyses showed participants who endorsed stigmatizing characteristics of the patient were more likely to believe he would not adhere to treatment and hence, less likely to refer to a specialist or refill his prescription. Endorsement of stigmatizing characteristics was inversely related to comfort with one?s previous mental health care. Implications of these findings will inform a program meant to enhance VA provider attitudes about people with mental illness, as well as their health decisions. PMID:24774076

Corrigan, Patrick W; Mittal, Dinesh; Reaves, Christina M; Haynes, Tiffany F; Han, Xiaotong; Morris, Scott; Sullivan, Greer

2014-08-15

352

Prostate cancer support groups, health literacy and consumerism: are community-based volunteers re-defining older men's health?  

PubMed

In this article we describe the connections between prostate cancer support groups (PCSGs) and men's health literacy and consumer orientation to health care services. The study findings are drawn from participant observations conducted at 16 PCSGs in British Columbia, Canada and 54 individual interviews that focused on men's experiences of attending group meetings. Men's communication and interactions at PCSGs provide important insights for how men talk about and conceptualize health and illness. For example, biomedical language often predominated at group meetings, and men used numbers and measures to engage with risk discourses in linking prostate cancer markers to various treatment options and morbidity and mortality rates. Many groups afforded opportunities for men to interact with health care providers as a means to better understand the language and logic of prostate cancer management. The health literacy skills fostered at PCSGs along with specific group-informed strategies could be mobilized in the men's subsequent clinical consultations. Consumer discourses and strategies to contest power relations with health care professionals underpinned many men's search for prostate cancer information and their commitment to assisting other men. Key were patients' rights, and perhaps responsibility, to compare diverse health products and services in making decisions across the entire trajectory of their prostate cancer. Overall, the study findings reveal PCSGs as having the capacity to contest as well as align with medical expertise and services facilitating men's transition from patient to informed health care consumers. The processes through which this occurs may direct the design of older men's health promotion programs. PMID:21177714

Oliffe, John L; Bottorff, Joan L; McKenzie, Michael M; Hislop, T Gregory; Gerbrandt, Julieta S; Oglov, Valerie

2011-11-01

353

Economic analysis of health care interventions.  

PubMed

According to US government statistics, health care expenditures approached $2 trillion in 2005 or $6,697/person, with spending expected to exceed $4.1 trillion by 2016 (http://www.cms.hhs.gov/NationalHealthExpendData/). Total Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services spending (including Medicaid, State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and Medicare) was $660.7 million in 2005. Despite the decline in the growth rate of health care spending growth over the past 4 years, health care spending increased 6.9% from 2004 to 2005 and was 16% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2005 and forecasted to be 19.6% of the GDP by 2016. Although the percentage of GDP may not concern providers of health care products or services, it has an affect on the rest of the economy. Spending on health care by employers or patients increases the cost of the products produced, making goods produced here in the United States less attractive to world markets in the age of globalization in addition to leaving less money for patients to spend on other goods and services or save. PMID:18513626

Konski, Andre

2008-07-01

354

Informatics and Pediatric Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incorporation of information technology (IT) to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of medical care has gained\\u000a popularity among the public, policymakers, and clinicians. The application of IT tools to address the special vulnerabilities\\u000a of children, to meet the data needs of their care and to avert medical errors and their consequences, is natural if not compelling.\\u000a However, the

Kevin B. Johnson; George R. Kim

355

Family Voices: building voices for our children with special health care needs.  

PubMed

Family Voices is a national grassroots clearing-house for information and education concerning the health care of children with special health needs. Through the collective efforts of volunteer Coordinators in each state, 10 Regional Coordinators, and a small staff, Family Voices keeps aware of and involved in public and private sector health care changes that affect children and families. Family Voices, over 10,000 members strong, works in partnership with health care providers in public and private hospitals, public health programs, in state capitals, and Washington, DC to bring the family perspective to policy discussions and decisions. Pediatric nurses are invited to work in partnership with Family Voices to advocate for children and families. PMID:9282052

Arango, P

1997-01-01

356

Smart Use of Volunteers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteers pose a special area of concern for child care centers. On one hand, they are indispensable as they donate countless hours of time, energy, and resources. On the other hand, there are challenges to coordinating the efforts of volunteering parents. The use of volunteers has incredible potential for benefit from the center, child, and…

Vissing, Yvonne

2008-01-01

357

[Measuring health literacy can improve communication in health care.  

PubMed

A tool for measuring health literacy is desirable when tailoring health care services to individual patients. Existing tools measure the functional aspects of health literacy whereas newly developed tools have a broader scope and measure people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information. Two novel, international health literacy questionnaires have been translated and are being validated in a Danish context. The final questionnaires may assist Danish health professionals in shaping communication with patients and reduce health disparities. PMID:24629605

Nørgaard, Ole; Sørensen, Kristine; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen; Kayser, Lars

2014-01-01

358

Health care coalitions: continuity and change.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study has been to investigate how coalitions have changed during 1983-1986, to describe the current characteristics of coalitions, and to speculate about their future roles and likely evolution. Several insights emerge from the empirical findings of this study. First, the number of operational health care coalitions has greatly expanded over the last several years to the point where almost every state and metropolitan area of the country has at least one. Second, the service area of most coalitions is generally county-wide, although there has been significant growth in the number of coalitions that serve states. Third, coalitions are expanding their membership composition and including not only business members but also hospitals, physicians, insurance companies, and labor organizations. Fourth, coalitions are becoming more financially secure; most have annual cash budgets, and most rely on dues. Fifth, coalitions are increasingly hiring and using paid professional staff. Last, coalitions are expanding their agendas beyond investigating direct health care costs to examine some of the underlying issues (such as hospital and medical professional liability issues, the financing of uncompensated care, and ethical issues) and are developing programs to address them. For the near future, the extension of recent trends suggests how coalitions will look and function. Further down the road, health care coalitions may evolve into health care public/private policy forums or associations of health benefits managers and/or associations for managed care purchasers. In conclusion, the trends we documented and the projections of the future of coalitions appear to be in keeping with the summary perspective of John T. Dunlop (1987) who indicates: Coalitions provide a continuing forum in which parties become more interested and informed about health care costs, utilization and the problems and operations of the other participants. The discourse encourages a more extensive and informed development and sharing of data. Coalitions reflect and need to recognize the inevitable internal conflicts and interests of the constituent organizations. While some coalitions tend to flounder on internal conflicts and capacity to generate effective leadership; many are fruitfully addressing the hard issues of health care in a community, such as managed care, capitation payments, excess beds and capital requirements, and access to health care by the uninsured. As coalitions mature, beyond discourse and data, they are likely to concentrate on a few of the distinctive problems of their communities and the interaction within the health care environment to address these problems. PMID:10304443

Mullner, R M; Young, G W; Andersen, R M

1988-01-01

359

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Refugee Health Care  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These online course materials were generated from a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH) course on Refugee Health Care. The materials were put online as part of the JHSPH OpenCourseWare program which provides "free, searchable access to JHSPH's course materials for educators, students, and self-learners around the world." The Refugee Health Care course "addresses the provision of basic health requirements for refugees and the coordination of care among agencies concerned with them." Site visitors will find a selection of downloadable lecture notes on such topics as Hemorrhagic Fever Outbreak Investigation, Control of Communicable Diseases, Health and Human Rights Principles for Refugee Health, and more. The site also offers a downloadable Reading List, and case study materials.

360

Women and access to health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with access to health care for women in developing countries, with specific reference to Latin American and Caribbean countries. It reviews the available literature on the concept of access as it relates to other variables such as accountability, affordability and acceptability of health services, taking into consideration the effects of the generalized socio-economic crisis that has

Cristina Puentes-Markides

1992-01-01

361

Medicaid, the States and Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care reform in the US is relying extensively on Medicaid for achieving universal health coverage. This article addresses the question of whether Medicaid is an appropriate foundation for reducing the ranks of the uninsured, given its dependence on economic conditions and the vulnerability of state budgets, along with the ever-changing preferences of governors and legislators. This article assesses the

Laura Katz Olson

2012-01-01

362

Wireless Sensor Networks for Home Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract— Sophisticated electronics are within reach of average users. Cooperation between wireless sensor networks and existing consumer electronic infrastructures can assist in the areas of health care and patient monitoring. This will improve the quality of life of patients, provide early detection for certain ailments, and improve doctor-patient efficiency. The goal of our work is to focus on health-related applications

Chris R. Baker; Kenneth Armijo; Simon Belka; Merwan Benhabib; Vikas Bhargava; Nathan Burkhart; Artin Der Minassians; Gunes Dervisoglu; Lilia Gutnik; M. Brent Haick; Christine Ho; Mike Koplow; Jennifer Mangold; Stefanie Robinson; Matt Rosa; Miclas Schwartz; Christo Sims; Hanns Stoffregen; Andrew Waterbury; Eli S. Leland; Trevor Pering; Paul K. Wright

2007-01-01

363

Twenty-first century health care.  

PubMed

A dynamic, proactive health-care environment is beckoning. Fueled by consumer-led awareness, digital television, the Internet and a preoccupation with preventative health maintenance, it will define a new genre of products. In a series of provocative statements, this visionary article explores what the future may hold for diagnostics and medical devices. PMID:10387620

Pearson, M

1999-04-01

364

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health

Slackman, Joel

365

New Developments Concerning Health Care Fitness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report we discuss some of the new developments in the health care fitness industry catering to the needs of a healthy lifestyle, and their pros and cons. Such solutions have become very popular among health-conscious people, and these developments help enhance one's appearance, make one feel good, and give more control over one's body and lifestyle. We have

Vibhuti Singhal; Brian Kleiner

2007-01-01

366

Health and Safety in Day Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic health and day care policies and procedures should be implemented and closely monitored with the help of a health consultant, particularly in terms of respiratory tract, enteric, skin, invasive bacterial, and multiple system infections; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; vaccine preventable diseases; and general safety procedures.…

Sells, Clifford J.; Paeth, Susan

1987-01-01

367

Securing Health or Just Health Care? The Effect of the Health Care System on the Health of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author first analyzes why the prevention of illness and promotion of health provide the leading justification for the government to act for the welfare of the population. His analysis focuses principally on the foundational importance of health for human happiness, the exercise of rights and privileges, and the formation of family and social relationships. He explains why health care,

Lawrence O. Gostin

1994-01-01

368

DRGs: the counterrevolution in financing health care.  

PubMed

The authors predict that the Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) system for prospective reimbursement of hospitals under Medicare, also used by several state Medicaid programs, will almost certainly be adopted in some version by private health insurers. Their thesis is that such a drastic alteration in health care economics will reduce access to care, compromise its quality, impede the development of new medical technologies, and accelerate the takeover of American medicine by large, for-profit corporations. Dolenc and Dougherty argue for an alternative system based on the assumption that health care is a right, not a commodity. In the interim they propose modifications in the DRG scheme to protect access to care by vulnerable groups and to subsidize non-profit hospitals by taxing for-profit ones. PMID:3926717

Dolenc, D A; Dougherty, C J

1985-06-01

369

Universal health care: the changing international discourse.  

PubMed

Nearly 34 years ago, in 1978 in the face of a looming crisis in the health of the world's populations and rising health inequality, 134 countries came together to sign the historic Alma Ata Declaration where the idea of primary health care as the chosen path to "Health for All" was formulated. However even before the declaration and more so since, countries have diverse interpretations of Universalism, each setting it in the context of its own health care model. These have ranged from the minimalist to the more comprehensive welfare state. Today, as health statistics reveal, the crisis has deepened, not only in the developing world but also in the developed world. It is important to debate the nature of the crisis and understand current policy initiatives and their ideological legitimations. The paper attempts to trace, clarify and account for the shifts in international discourse on universal health care (UHC). It argues that the idea of UHC is still with us, but there have occurred substantial shifts in discourse and meaning, shaped by changing international and national contexts and social forces impinging on health systems. The current concept of universal health coverage has only a notional allusion to universality of Alma Ata and disregards its fundamental principles. It concludes that the shifts are detrimental and its value in promoting health for all is likely to be severely limited. PMID:24351385

Bisht, Ramila

2013-01-01

370

Who pays for health care in Ghana?  

PubMed Central

Background Financial protection against the cost of unforeseen ill health has become a global concern as expressed in the 2005 World Health Assembly resolution (WHA58.33), which urges its member states to "plan the transition to universal coverage of their citizens". An important element of financial risk protection is to distribute health care financing fairly in relation to ability to pay. The distribution of health care financing burden across socio-economic groups has been estimated for European countries, the USA and Asia. Until recently there was no such analysis in Africa and this paper seeks to contribute to filling this gap. It presents the first comprehensive analysis of the distribution of health care financing in relation to ability to pay in Ghana. Methods Secondary data from the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS) 2005/2006 were used. This was triangulated with data from the Ministry of Finance and other relevant sources, and further complemented with primary household data collected in six districts. We implored standard methodologies (including Kakwani index and test for dominance) for assessing progressivity in health care financing in this paper. Results Ghana's health care financing system is generally progressive. The progressivity of health financing is driven largely by the overall progressivity of taxes, which account for close to 50% of health care funding. The national health insurance (NHI) levy (part of VAT) is mildly progressive and formal sector NHI payroll deductions are also progressive. However, informal sector NHI contributions were found to be regressive. Out-of-pocket payments, which account for 45% of funding, are regressive form of health payment to households. Conclusion For Ghana to attain adequate financial risk protection and ultimately achieve universal coverage, it needs to extend pre-payment cover to all in the informal sector, possibly through funding their contributions entirely from tax, and address other issues affecting the expansion of the National Health Insurance. Furthermore, the pre-payment funding pool for health care needs to grow so budgetary allocation to the health sector can be enhanced. PMID:21708026

2011-01-01

371

Income-related inequalities of health and health care utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

By utilizing the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data, this paper examines the extent of deviations in terms of horizontal\\u000a equity in the field of China’s health and medical community, i.e., that those in equal demand ought to be treated equally,\\u000a and computes the contribution of income in health inequality and utilization inequality of health care. The main conclusions

E. Xie

2011-01-01

372

Volunteer Stories  

MedlinePLUS

... lives. What could be better than that? Nicholas (sickle cell disease) Nicholas was diagnosed with sickle cell disease soon after he was born. He ... he perceives for his own health. Zenovia (HIV study—healthy volunteer) I had never knowingly encountered anyone ...

373

Health care reform: a short summary.  

PubMed

The Health Care Reform legislation has many provisions of importance to the nuclear medicine community. This article is not a complete summary of the thousands of pages in the legislation, but emphasizes some relevant aspects of the bills. When the plan is fully implemented, about 32 million more Americans will have health insurance. Pre-existing medical conditions will no longer result in insurance denials. There are many initiatives to slow the growth of spending on health care in various ways, such as by setting up the new Medicare Advisory Board. There are also new fees, taxes, penalties, subsidies, and tax deduction changes. PMID:20706044

Harolds, Jay

2010-09-01

374

Children with Special Health Care Needs: How Immigrant Status is Related to Health Care Access, Health Care Utilization, and Health Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

To compare health care access, utilization, and perceived health status for children with SHCN in immigrant and nonimmigrant\\u000a families. This cross-sectional study used data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey to identify 1404 children\\u000a (ages 0–11) with a special health care need. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to examine relations between\\u000a immigrant status and health access, utilization,

Joyce R. Javier; Lynne C. Huffman; Fernando S. Mendoza; Paul H. Wise

2010-01-01

375

Health Care Autonomy in Children with Chronic Conditions: Implications for Self Care and Family Management  

PubMed Central

Synopsis Health care autonomy typically occurs during late adolescence but health care providers and families often expect children with chronic health conditions to master self-care earlier. Few studies have examined the development of health care autonomy as it pertains to self-care and family management. This review will link the three concepts and discuss implications for families and health care providers. Case studies are provided as exemplars to highlight areas where intervention and research is needed. PMID:23659815

Beacham, Barbara L.; Deatrick, Janet A.

2013-01-01

376

Reliability assessment of home health care services.  

PubMed

In this paper, a model of reliability assessment of services in Home Health Care Delivery is presented. Reliability is an important quality dimension for services and is included in non-functional requirements of a system. A stochastic Markov model for reliability assessment is applied to patient communication services, in the field of home health care delivery. The methodology includes the specification of scenarios, the definition of failures in scenarios as well as the application of the analytical model. The results of the methodology reveal the critical states of the Home Health Care System and recommendations for improvement of the services are proposed. The model gives valuable results in predicting service reliability and, independently of the error types, it can be applied to all fields of Regional Health Network (RHN). PMID:17911722

Spyrou, Stergiani; Bamidis, Panagiotis; Kilintzis, Vassilis; Lekka, Irini; Maglaveras, Nicos; Pappas, Costas

2007-01-01

377

[Health promotion of lesbian woman: nursing care].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyze national and international scientific literature on nursing care for lesbian women. An integrative approach was adopted to review studies from MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SCOPUS databases and SciELO and Cochrane libraries using the keywords: female homosexuality, nursing care, health promotion and women's health. Studies published between 1990 and 2013 in English, Portuguese or Spanish were considered for analysis. After analyzing data, four international studies were selected, being that three were from the United States and one was from Canada. This study revealed a scarcity of Brazilian and international studies and the importance of increasing scientific literature on this topic. Descriptors: Homosexuality, female. Nursing care. Health promotion. Women's health. PMID:25842788

Sousa, Josueida de Carvalho; Mallmann, Danielli Gavibo; Galindo Neto, Nelson Miguel; de Freitas, Natália Oliveira; de Vasconcelos, Eliane Maria Ribeiro; de Araújo, Ednaldo Cavalcante

2014-12-01

378

INFORMAL CARE AND CAREGIVER’S HEALTH  

PubMed Central

This study aims to measure the causal effect of informal caregiving on the health and health care use of women who are caregivers, using instrumental variables. We use data from South Korea, where daughters and daughters-in-law are the prevalent source of caregivers for frail elderly parents and parents-in-law. A key insight of our instrumental variable approach is that having a parent-in-law with functional limitations increases the probability of providing informal care to that parent-in-law, but a parent-in-law’s functional limitation does not directly affect the daughter-in-law’s health. We compare results for the daughter-in-law and daughter samples to check the assumption of the excludability of the instruments for the daughter sample. Our results show that providing informal care has significant adverse effects along multiple dimensions of health for daughter-in-law and daughter caregivers in South Korea. PMID:24753386

DO, YOUNG KYUNG; NORTON, EDWARD C.; STEARNS, SALLY C.; VAN HOUTVEN, COURTNEY HAROLD

2014-01-01

379

The health care market: can hospitals survive?  

PubMed

Does it sound familiar? Resources are scarce, competition is tough, and government regulations and a balanced budget are increasingly hard to meet at the same time. This is not the automobile or oil industry but the health care industry, and hospital managers are facing the same problems. And, maintains the author of this article, they must borrow some proven marketing techniques from business to survive in the new health care market. He first describes the features of the new market (the increasing economic power of physicians, new forms of health care delivery, prepaid health plans, and the changing regulatory environment) and then the possible marketing strategies for dealing with them (competing hard for physicians who control the patient flow and diversifying and promoting the mix of services). He also describes various planning solutions that make the most of a community's hospital facilities and affiliations. PMID:10247957

Goldsmith, J C

1980-01-01

380

Virtual health care center in Georgia.  

PubMed

Application of telemedicine systems to cover distant geographical areas has increased recently. However, the potential usefulness of similar systems for creation of national networks does not seem to be widely appreciated. The article describes the "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" project. Its aim was the set up of an online integrated web-based platform to provide remote medical consultations and eLearning cycles. The project "Virtual Health Care Knowledge Center in Georgia" was the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant dedicated for development of telemedicine in non-NATO countries. The project implemented a pilot to organize the creation of national eHealth network in Georgia and to promote the use of innovative telemedicine and eLearning services in the Georgian healthcare system. In June 2007 it was continued under the NATO Networking Infrastructure Grant "ePathology--Virtual Pathology Center in Georgia as the Continuation of Virtual Health Care Center". PMID:18673518

Schrader, Thomas; Kldiashvili, Ekaterina

2008-01-01

381

Health Care Policy and Medical Sociology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health policy concerns are important, but to some extent, understudied within medical sociology, ­particularly at the overall\\u000a broadest system level. Even in smaller studies that look at specific aspects of health care and health behavior issues, sociologists\\u000a have not paid much attention in the past few decades to drawing out the implications of the research being done for policy\\u000a questions

Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

382

Care Coordination: A Case Study Linking Primary Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project is to demonstrate, through a case study, how York Community Services (YCS) is a leader in the delivery ofprimary health care through its integration ofhealth, legal and social services. YCS is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. YCS's mandate is to serve populations that have traditionally been on the margins ofsociety and therefore have had difficulty

Monica M. Lancaster; David P. Thow

2001-01-01

383

Rapid Business Transformations in Health Care: A Systems Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The top two priorities of health care business leaders are to constantly improve the quality of health care while striving to contain and reduce the high cost of health care. The Health Care industry, similar to all businesses, is motivated to deliver innovative solutions that accelerate business transformation and increase business capabilities. …

Shulaiba, Refaat A.

2011-01-01

384

Inequities in Mental Health Care After Health Care System Reform in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We compared differences in mental health needs and provision of mental health services among residents of Santiago, Chile, with private and pub- lic health insurance coverage. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of adults. Presence of mental disorders and use of health care services were assessed via structured interviews. Individuals were classified as having public,

Ricardo Araya; Graciela Rojas; Rosemarie Fritsch; Richard Frank; Glyn Lewis

385

Choosing the right health care provider for pregnancy and childbirth  

MedlinePLUS

... have to decide about is what kind of health care provider you would like to care for you ... or a certified nurse-midwife. Each of these health care providers is described below. Each one has different ...

386

Psychiatric and Medical Health Care Policies in Juvenile Detention Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study aims to examine the existing health care policies in U.S. juvenile detention centres. The results conclude that juvenile detention facilities have many shortfalls in providing care for adolescents, particularly mental health care.

Pajer, Kathleen A.; Kelleher, Kelly; Gupta, Ravindra A.; Rolls, Jennifer; Gardner, William

2007-01-01

387

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome?  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications How do health care providers diagnose Klinefelter syndrome (KS)? Skip sharing on ... karyotype (pronounced care-EE-oh-type ) test. A health care provider will take a small blood or skin ...

388

Spirituality and health care in Iran: time to reconsider.  

PubMed

Spirituality is increasingly recognized as an essential element of care. This article investigates the role of spirituality in Iranian health care system and provides some guidelines to integrate spirituality in routine health care practice in Iran. PMID:24912827

Jafari, Najmeh; Loghmani, Amir; Puchalski, Christina M

2014-12-01

389

Staying alive: strategies for accountable health care.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act signed into law in March 2010, has led to sweeping changes to the US health care system. The ensuing pace of change in health care regulation is unparalleled and difficult for physicians to keep up with. Because of the extraordinary challenges that have arisen, the public policy committee of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary tract conducted a symposium at their 52nd Annual Meeting in May 2011 to educate participants on the myriad of public policy changes occurring in order to best prepare them for their future. Expert speakers presented their views on policy changes affecting diverse areas including patient safety, patient experience, hospital and provider fiscal challenges, and the life of the practicing surgeon. In all areas, surgical leadership was felt to be critical to successfully navigate the new health care landscape as surgeons have a long history of providing safe, high quality, low cost care. The recognition of shared values among the diverse constituents affected by health care policy changes will best prepare surgeons to control their own destiny and successfully manage new challenges as they emerge. PMID:22399268

Marcus, Stuart G; Reid-Lombardo, Kaye M; Halverson, Amy L; Maker, Vijay; Demetriou, Achilles; Fischer, Josef E; Bentrem, David; Rudnicki, Marek; Hiatt, Jonathan R; Jones, Daniel

2012-05-01

390

Prevention of health care-associated infections.  

PubMed

Health care-associated infections cause approximately 75,000 deaths annually, in addition to increasing morbidity and costs. Over the past decade, a downward trend in health care-associated infections has occurred nationwide. Basic prevention measures include administrative support, educating health care personnel, and hand hygiene and isolation precautions. Prevention of central line- or catheter-associated infections begins with avoidance of unnecessary insertion, adherence to aseptic technique when inserting, and device removal when no longer necessary. Specific recommendations for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections include use of chlorhexidine for skin preparation, as a component of dressings, and for daily bathing of patients in intensive care units. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are the most common device-related health care-associated infection. Maintaining a closed drainage system below the patient reduces the risk of infection. To prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia, which is associated with high mortality, mechanically ventilated patients should be placed in the semirecumbent position and receive antiseptic oral care. Prevention of surgical site infections includes hair removal using clippers, glucose control, and preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis. Reducing transmission of Clostridium difficile and multidrug-resistant organisms in the hospital setting begins with hand hygiene and contact precautions. Institutional efforts to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing are also strongly recommended. Reducing rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection can be achieved through active surveillance cultures and decolonization therapy with mupirocin. PMID:25251230

Hsu, Vincent

2014-09-15

391

Measuring competition in health care markets.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Measuring competition is increasingly important for analysis of health care markets and policies. Measurement of competition in health care is made complex by the breadth of potential issues under study, by the lack of necessary data, and by rapid changes in health care financing and delivery. This study reviews key issues in the measurement of competition and is designed to familiarize researchers and policymakers interested in competition measurement, but not steeped in its practice, with key concepts, data sources, and ways of adapting measures to fit ongoing changes in health care markets. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Attention to several key issues will strengthen measurement. Important components of successful measurement are: careful identification of the products and market areas for study; selection of Herfindahl-Hirschman or other indices to fit the issues being considered; consideration of econometric problems, like endogeneity, with common measures; and attention to the ways that current marketplace changes, like growth in managed care, affect the performance of classic measures. Data needed for constructing measures are also frequently scarce, insufficient, or both. Measurement could be improved with access to better data. PMID:11327175

Baker, L C

2001-01-01

392

Mental Health Care: Who's Who  

MedlinePLUS

... with a master’s degree or doctoral degree in psychology (Psy.D.), philosophy (Ph.D.) or education (Ed. ... work experience. Licensed Professional Counselor: Master’s degree in psychology, counseling or a related field. Mental Health Counselor: ...

393

Home Health Care and Patterns of Subsequent VA and Medicare Health Care Utilization for Veterans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The Veterans Affairs or VA health care system is in the process of significantly expanding home health care (HOC) nationwide. We describe VA HHC use in 2003 for all VA HHC users from 2002; we examine whether VA utilization across a broad spectrum of services differed for a sample of VA HHC users and their propensity-score-matched…

Van Houtven, Courtney Harold; Jeffreys, Amy S.; Coffman, Cynthia J.

2008-01-01

394

A Health Care Planner: Teaching Low-Income Consumers about Health Care Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of six on teaching consumer matters to low-income groups, focuses on health care alternatives. It provides helpers of low-income people in Virginia with a composite of information in the areas of traditional health care, alternatives to the traditional methods, insurance, medications, and fraudulent practices. At the end of each…

Fitch, Sandra F.

395

Measles in health-care settings.  

PubMed

Despite the availability of an effective and safe vaccine for almost half a century, measles is re-emerging in several developed countries because of the insufficient vaccination coverage among specific subpopulations, the emerging anti-vaccination movement, and the increasing movement of humans across borders. In this context, health-care settings play a critical role in the transmission of infection and generation of numerous cases. Health-care-associated outbreaks may be associated with severe morbidity and mortality among specific groups of patients, disruption of health-care services, and considerable costs. Misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis of a measles case and inadequate implementation of infection control measures are common in almost all events of nosocomial spread. Measles vaccination of health-care workers is an effective means of prevention of nosocomial measles outbreaks. Eliminating measles by 2010 has not been accomplished. Stronger recommendations and higher vaccination coverage against measles in health-care workers could contribute to eliminate measles in the general population. PMID:23352075

Maltezou, Helena C; Wicker, Sabine

2013-07-01

396

Conditional shared confidentiality in mental health care.  

PubMed

Because of the development towards community care, care providers not only exchange information in a team, but increasingly also in networks. This is a challenge to confidentiality. The ethical question is how care providers can keep information about the care receiver confidential, whilst at the same time exchanging information about that care receiver in a team or network? Can shared confidentiality be extended from a team to a network? To clarify this question, the article refers to the advice of an expert ethics committee in mental health care. The advice regards exchange of information in a network as a further step in enhancing collaboration among care providers. Therefore, the good and evident practice of shared confidentiality in a team can be extended to a network if the same conditions are met. First, the care providers participate in a clearly defined and identifiable team or network. Secondly, they have a shared care responsibility. Thirdly, they have a duty of confidentiality. Fourth, they dialogue with the care receiver and obtain his or her consent. Finally, they apply the filter of relevance. Hence, conditional shared confidentiality is an ethical justification for the exchange of information in a team or network. PMID:25209901

Liégeois, Axel; Eneman, Marc

2015-05-01

397

Maternal interaction style, reported experiences of care, and pediatric health care utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. immunization and well child-care rates are below desired levels with lower income individuals being at higher risk for receiving inadequate care. To enhance the understanding of motivating factors to health care utilization, this study explored relationships between a mother's interaction style (secure, anxious, avoidant), her reported experiences with pediatric health care and her child's utilization of pediatric health care.

Wendy Lauran Struchen Shellhorn

2006-01-01

398

Space technology in remote health care  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Crews and passengers on future long-duration Earth orbital and interplanetary missions must be provided quality health services - to combat illnesses and accidental injuries, and for routine preventive care. People on Earth-orbital missions can be returned relatively easily to Earth, but those on interplanetary missions cannot. Accordingly, crews on long-duration missions will likely include at least one specially trained person, perhaps a physician's assistant, hospital corpsman, nurse, or physician who will be responsible for providing onboard health services. Specifically, we must determine the most effective way to administer health care to a remotely located population. NASA with the cooperation of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare is pursuing a program for providing health services to remote locations on Earth as a necessary step to developing and verifying this capability on a spacecraft. The STARPAHC program is described.

Pool, Sam L.

1991-01-01

399

The value of pharmacists in health care.  

PubMed

The American health care system is concerned about the rise of chronic diseases and related resource challenges. Management of chronic disease traditionally has been provided by physicians and nurses. The growth of the care management industry, in which nurses provide remote telephonic monitoring and coaching, testifies to the increasing need for care management and to the value of nonphysician clinicians. However, this model is challenged by a number of factors, including low enrollment and the growing shortage of nurses. The challenges to the traditional model are causing policy makers and payers to consider innovative models. One such model includes the pharmacist as an essential provider of care. Not only is the number of pharmacists growing, but they are playing an ever broader role in a variety of settings. This article broadly surveys the current state of pharmacist provision of care management services and highlights the increasingly proactive role played by Walgreen Co. toward this trend, using recently conducted research. Pharmacists are making a noticeable impact on and contribution to the care of chronic diseases by improving adherence to medications, a key factor in the improvement of outcomes. Literature also suggests that pharmacies are increasingly encouraging, expanding, and highlighting the role and contributions of their professional pharmacists. Although the role of the pharmacist in chronic care management is still developing, it is likely to grow in the future, given the needs of the health care system and patients. PMID:22313438

Patwardhan, Avinash; Duncan, Ian; Murphy, Patricia; Pegus, Cheryl

2012-06-01

400

Economic Effects of Health Care Reform on Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the impact of the 2010 health care reform law (the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act\\/Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act) on Virginia’s economy. Health care reform is a complex and multifaceted law that was enacted with the joint goals of improving health insurance coverage for U.S. residents, decreasing the costs of health care, and improving overall

Terance J. Rephann

2011-01-01

401

Higher Education and Health Care at a Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As major providers and consumers of health care, higher-education institutions have an important role to play in improving health and the nation's health-care system. Health care is a complex issue for colleges and universities. Not only do institutions of higher education provide health insurance to faculty members, staff members, and students,…

Kirch, Darrell G.

2011-01-01

402

Health Care System Reform in China: Issues, Challenges and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines health care reform in urban and rural China. Before health care reform, Chinese health service facilities were run entirely by the state and basically they performed a social welfare function. This health care system greatly improved the population health conditions but many problems started to emerge in 1980s when the economic reform started. Since then, the government

Rong Hu; Chunli Shen; Heng-fu Zou

2011-01-01

403

Mental Health Care in China: Recent Changes and Future Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

fter 1949, the communist govern- ment under Mao Zedong built strong collective health care and public health systems. While mental health care did not receive specialized attention, the overall health of Chinese citizens was improved due to the emphasis on basic health care. Within thirty years, these Chi- nese systems became the envy of many de- veloping (and developed) countries

Zeping Xiao; Jonathan Worth; Jennifer M. Park

2005-01-01

404

COST CONTAINMENT AND ACCESS TO CARE: THE SHANGHAI HEALTH CARE FINANCING MODEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The medical savings account (MSA) model of health care financing is viewed as a health care cost containment strategy. Yet, health care expenditure in Shanghai has increased sharply since the adoption of the MSA system. This paper looks into the health care reforms in Shanghai, especially since the introduction of the MSA scheme.From the Labor Insurance Scheme and Government Insurance

WEIZHEN DONG

2008-01-01

405

Health Care Policies for Children in Out-of-Home Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined health care policies and services for children under 46 state welfare agencies. Found that most states had written policies regarding health care for foster children, but half had no management system to record health care data. Most states did not meet standards set by the Child Welfare League of America for health care of these…

Risley-Curtiss, Christina; Kronenfeld, Jennie Jacobs

2001-01-01

406

Antimicrobial resistance: the threat to health and health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses antimicrobial resistance and the threat it poses to an individual’s health and the health care system. Diseases, such as pneumococcus have gained an overabundance of antimicrobial resistance. In addition, previously unknown diseases are surging and sounding alarm bells worldwide. The history and causes of this surge are examined globally. One such cause is the overuse of antibiotics

Kathleen Granitto

1998-01-01

407

Pediatric Mental Health Emergencies and Special Health Care Needs  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Children with mental health problems are increasingly being evaluated and treated by both pediatric primary care and pediatric emergency physicians. This article focuses on the epidemiology, evaluation, and management of the two most common pediatric mental health emergencies, suicidal and homicidal/aggressive patients, as well as the equally challenging population of children with autism or other developmental disabilities. PMID:24093903

Chun, Thomas H.; Katz, Emily R.; Duffy, Susan J.

2013-01-01

408

Confronting AIDS. Directions for Public Health, Health Care, and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is addressed to anyone involved with or affected by the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, including legislators, researchers, health care personnel, insurance providers, educators, health officials, executives in the pharmaceutical industry, blood bank administrators, and other concerned individuals. The following…

Institute of Medicine (NAS), Washington, DC.

409

Evidence for integrating eye health into primary health care in Africa: a health systems strengthening approach  

PubMed Central

Background The impact of unmet eye care needs in sub-Saharan Africa is compounded by barriers to accessing eye care, limited engagement with communities, a shortage of appropriately skilled health personnel, and inadequate support from health systems. The renewed focus on primary health care has led to support for greater integration of eye health into national health systems. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate available evidence of integration of eye health into primary health care in sub-Saharan Africa from a health systems strengthening perspective. Methods A scoping review method was used to gather and assess information from published literature, reviews, WHO policy documents and examples of eye and health care interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. Findings were compiled using a health systems strengthening framework. Results Limited information is available about eye health from a health systems strengthening approach. Particular components of the health systems framework lacking evidence are service delivery, equipment and supplies, financing, leadership and governance. There is some information to support interventions to strengthen human resources at all levels, partnerships and community participation; but little evidence showing their successful application to improve quality of care and access to comprehensive eye health services at the primary health level, and referral to other levels for specialist eye care. Conclusion Evidence of integration of eye health into primary health care is currently weak, particularly when applying a health systems framework. A realignment of eye health in the primary health care agenda will require context specific planning and a holistic approach, with careful attention to each of the health system components and to the public health system as a whole. Documentation and evaluation of existing projects are required, as are pilot projects of systematic approaches to interventions and application of best practices. Multi-national research may provide guidance about how to scale up eye health interventions that are integrated into primary health systems. PMID:23506686

2013-01-01

410

Talking with Your Health Care Professionals about Kidney Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Kidney Disease Additional Kidney Information Talking with Your Health Care Professionals The most important person on your health ... if you already have it. Tips for Your Health Care Visits Be prepared. The more you plan for ...

411

How Do Health Care Providers Diagnose Birth Defects?  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Resources and Publications En Español How do health care providers diagnose birth defects? Skip sharing on social ... to begin before health problems occur. Prenatal Screening Health care providers recommend that certain pregnant women, including those ...

412

Direct measurement of health care costs.  

PubMed

Cost identification is fundamental to many economic analyses of health care. Health care costs are often derived from administrative databases. Unit costs may also be obtained from published studies. When these sources will not suffice (e.g., in evaluating interventions or programs), data may be gathered directly through observation and surveys. This article describes how to use direct measurement to estimate the cost of an intervention. The authors review the elements of cost determination, including study perspective, the range of elements to measure, and short-run versus long-run costs. They then discuss the advantages and drawbacks of alternative direct measurement methods such as time-and-motion studies, activity logs, and surveys of patients and managers. A parsimonious data collection effort is desirable, although study hypotheses and perspective should guide the endeavor. Special reference is made to data sources within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. PMID:15095547

Smith, Mark W; Barnett, Paul G

2003-09-01

413

ERP implementation in rural health care.  

PubMed

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems provide organizations with the opportunity to integrate individual, functionally-oriented information systems. Although much of the focus in the popular press has been placed on ERP systems in large for-profit organizations, small hospitals and clinics are candidates for ERP systems. Focusing information systems on critical success factors (CSFs) allows the organization to address a limited number of areas associated with performance. This limited number of factors can provide management with an insight into dimensions of information that must be addressed by a system. Focuses on CSFs for small health-care organizations. In addition, also considers factors critical to the implementation of health-care information systems. Presents two cases. The results indicate support for the continuing use of CSFs to help focus on the benefits of ERPs. Focusing on groups of tangible and intangible benefits can also assist the rural health-care organization in the use of ERPs. PMID:12211339

Trimmer, Kenneth J; Pumphrey, Lela D; Wiggins, Carla

2002-01-01

414

Health care reform: historical and current perspectives.  

PubMed

Health care in America, criticized today by patients and physicians alike, developed incrementally throughout the twentieth century into a system unique to the United States. Each effort to change it led to unintended consequences. There are many current proposals by presidential candidates and members of Congress for reform of the fragmentation of payment for, access to, and quality of care. There is increasing pressure from many sources to provide a solution. Will 2004 be the year we find it? PMID:14971861

King, Lucy Jane

2003-01-01

415

Solid health care waste management status at health care centers in the West Bank - Palestinian Territory  

SciTech Connect

Health care waste is considered a major public health hazard. The objective of this study was to assess health care waste management (HCWM) practices currently employed at health care centers (HCCs) in the West Bank - Palestinian Territory. Survey data on solid health care waste (SHCW) were analyzed for generated quantities, collection, separation, treatment, transportation, and final disposal. Estimated 4720.7 m{sup 3} (288.1 tons) of SHCW are generated monthly by the HCCs in the West Bank. This study concluded that: (i) current HCWM practices do not meet HCWM standards recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) or adapted by developed countries, and (ii) immediate attention should be directed towards improvement of HCWM facilities and development of effective legislation. To improve the HCWM in the West Bank, a national policy should be implemented, comprising a comprehensive plan of action and providing environmentally sound and reliable technological measures.

Al-Khatib, Issam A. [Institute of Environmental and Water Studies, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit, Ramallah, West Bank (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)], E-mail: ikhatib@birzeit.edu; Sato, Chikashi [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho (United States)

2009-08-15

416

Health Care Costs Workshop Agenda  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

417

Digital health care: cementing centralisation?  

PubMed

This article reviews large-scale digital developments in the National Health Service in England in recent years and argues that there is a mismatch between digital and organisational thinking and practice. The arguments are based on new institutional thinking, where the digital infrastructure is taken to be an institution, which has been shaped over a long period, and which in turn shapes the behaviour of health professionals, managers and others. Many digital services are still being designed in line with a bureaucratic data processing model. Yet health services are increasingly based on a network model, where health professionals and service managers require information systems that allow them to manage risks proactively and to coordinate multiple services on behalf of patients. This article further argues that the data processing model is being reinforced by Open Data policies and by related developments in the acquisition of genomic and telehealth data, suggesting that the mismatch will persist. There is, therefore, an ongoing tension between frontline and central objectives for digital services. It may be that the tension can only be resolved when--or if--there is trust between the interested parties. PMID:25183607

Keen, Justin

2014-09-01

418

Assessing and Enhancing Health Care Providers' Response to Domestic Violence  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to examine possible changes from 2008 to 2012 in the skills of health care staff in identifying and intervening in domestic violence (DV). A longitudinal descriptive study design with volunteer samples (baseline; n = 68, follow-up; n = 100) was used to acquire information regarding the present state and needs of the staff in practices related to DV. The results of the baseline survey were used as a basis for planning two interventions: staff training and drafting practical guidelines. Information was collected by questionnaires from nurses, physicians, and social workers and supplemented by responses from the interviews. The data were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. A chi-square test was used to test the statistical significance of the data sets. In addition, participants' quotes are used to describe specific phenomena or issues. The comparison showed that overall a small positive change had taken place between the study periods. However, the participants were aware of their own shortcomings in identifying and intervening in DV. Changes happen slowly, and administrative support is needed to sustain such changes. Therefore, this paper offers recommendations to improve health care providers' response to DV. Moreover, there is a great need for evaluating the training programme used. PMID:24864205

Leppäkoski, Tuija; Paavilainen, Eija

2014-01-01

419

Health care policy and cancer survivorship.  

PubMed

The United States and the European Union (EU) vary widely in approaches to ensuring affordable health care coverage for our respective populations. Such variations stem from differences in the political systems and beliefs regarding social welfare. These variations are also reflected in past and future initiatives to provide high quality cancer survivorship care. The United States spends considerably more on health care compared to most European countries, often with no proven benefit. In the United States, individuals with chronic illnesses, such as cancer survivors, often experience difficulties affording insurance and maintaining coverage, a problem unknown to EU countries with national health insurance. This article reviews health policy development over time for the United States and EU and the impact for cancer survivors. For the United States, the impact of the Affordable Care Act on improving access to affordable care for cancer survivors is highlighted. For the EU, the importance of multiple-morbidity disease management, cancer plan development, and pan-European data collection for monitoring cancer outcomes is addressed. Given predicted workforce shortages and ever-increasing numbers of aging cancer survivors on both sides of the Atlantic, sharing lessons learned will be critical. PMID:23695931

Virgo, Katherine S; Bromberek, Julia L; Glaser, Adam; Horgan, Denis; Maher, Jane; Brawley, Otis W

2013-06-01

420

The Ethical Self-Fashioning of Physicians and Health Care Systems in Culturally Appropriate Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diverse advocacy groups have pushed for the recognition of cultural differences in health care as a means to redress inequalities\\u000a in the U.S., elaborating a form of biocitizenship that draws on evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities to make claims\\u000a on both the state and health care providers. These efforts led to federal regulations developed by the U.S. Office

Susan J. Shaw; Julie Armin

2011-01-01

421

Differentiating Subgroups of Children with Special Health Care Needs by Health Status and Complexity of Health Care Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives Our objective is to use the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Screener to identify subgroups of CSHCN differentiated\\u000a by health status and complexity of need. Methods Data are from the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, 2001 and the National Survey of Children’s Health,\\u000a 2003 (conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau and

Matthew D. Bramlett; Debra Read; Christina Bethell; Stephen J. Blumberg

2009-01-01

422

Megamarketing strategies for health care services.  

PubMed

Megamarketing, as coined by Kotler (1968), is a strategic way of thinking which takes an enlarged view of the skills and resources needed to enter and operate in obstructed or protected markets. The concept of megamarketing emphasizes the mastering and coordination of economic, psychological, political, and public relation skills and suggest that organizations can take a proactive stance in shaping macroenvironmental conditions. As health care delivery is characterized by a highly regulated environment, this marketing approach has definite applications for the health care marketer. PMID:10106844

Mobley, M F; Elkins, R L

1990-01-01

423

TQM in health care: mistaken identity?  

PubMed

Total Quality Management is a powerful tool in health care today. The definition of quality improvement in the medical literature focuses on improving patient outcomes. However, most quality initiatives in the health care field focus on improving productivity, cost-effectiveness, market share, employee morale, and efficiencies of processes. This disparity between the medical definition of quality and the actual application of quality improvement may have the effect of alienating many physicians, the very people who must be involved. The semantics are important to address in a TQM initiative. PMID:10184762

Rose, E A

1997-01-01

424

The role of branding in health care.  

PubMed

Branding has been successfully practiced by consumer packaged goods companies for decades. But only recently have managed health care organizations begun to embrace the concept, and hence, few well developed brands exist. For health care organizations, the rewards of branding can be great as it provides an opportunity to truly assess the needs of their members, develop capabilities to meet those needs, and more effectively communicate the ability to meet those needs. A summary of seven steps to building a strong brand is also included. PMID:10185773

Acton, V

1998-01-01

425

Energy conservation in health-care facilities  

SciTech Connect

As energy expenditures continue their dramatic rise in the health-care industry, they absorb a larger portion of hospital budgets and prompt managers to seek ways to conserve energy and reduce consumption. Hospital managers, however, may be forced by capital constraints to choose between medical and energy conservation investments. The author examines some of the issues (including fairness, legal and financial impediments, and medical practices) involved in reducing health care costs. He makes practical suggestions for improving facility efficiency that include a strategy for energy management and a checklist of ideas. The case histories of 25 medical facilities illustrate conservation opportunities. 18 references, 34 figures, 3 tables. (DCK)

Hunt, V.D. (comp.)

1983-01-01

426

[Evolution of primary health care in Spain].  

PubMed

Coinciding with the celebration of the 35th anniversary of the journal of nursing, invented in 1977, conducted a systematic review of all issues published (371) to identify items (222) and news (94) related to primary care health. Events are arranged temporarily and refer to accompanying the evolution of primary care model. The Analysis Shows the evolution of primary care, since its inception in 1978, has been reflected in the type of articles and the content of news published, be an excellent indicator of its development and contribution for the nurses. PMID:23390875

Martínez Riera, José Ramón

2012-12-01

427

Medicaid managed care and public health data.  

PubMed

In summary, there are a number of ways in which state public health data can be of value in the design of Medicaid managed care plans. At the level of the purchaser, such as a state Medicaid agency, public health data can assist in decision-making around pricing policy and can be useful in prioritizing interventions for those conditions that most severely affect the covered population. Quality assurance standards such as the HEDIS clinical performance measures can be used to define a baseline of prevention-oriented services or, by adding additional customized data points, to emphasize a particular service. From the standpoint of the managed care plan, public health data can be useful in understanding the needs of a community it serves or would like to serve and in estimating the prevalence of various conditions in that community that will influence the premium it will charge. Thus, there are multiple routes through which public health goals and priorities can be incorporated into managed care and can leverage the power of managed care to improve the public's health. PMID:10476991

Rutherford, G W; Backer, H D

1999-01-01

428

Organizational economics and health care markets.  

PubMed Central

As health policy emphasizes the use of private sector mechanisms to pursue public sector goals, health services research needs to develop stronger conceptual frameworks for the interpretation of empirical studies of health care markets and organizations. Organizational relationships should not be interpreted exclusively in terms of competition among providers of similar services but also in terms of relationships among providers of substitute and complementary services and in terms of upstream suppliers and downstream distributors. This article illustrates the potential applicability of transactions cost economics, agency theory, and organizational economics more broadly to horizontal and vertical markets in health care. Examples are derived from organizational integration between physicians and hospitals and organizational conversions from nonprofit to for-profit ownership. PMID:11327173

Robinson, J C

2001-01-01

429

Gender, social roles and health care utilization  

E-print Network

multiple role involvement with the greater probability of being more satisfied with life, less depressed and being physically healthier. Explanations for the positive relationship between mental health and role acquisition have been linked to greater...GENDER, SOCIAL ROLES AND HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION A Thesis by JENNIFER LOUISE DAVID Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December...

David, Jennifer Louise

1992-01-01

430

Social Learning Theory and Behavioral Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health costs in the US have risen at astronomic rates, rising from 4.6% of the GNP in 1950 to 8.3% in 1975. Yet, despite the compounding costs of medical care, the health of the population has not improved significantly since 1950, when viewed from the standpoint of increased longevity or decrease in the incidence of the major causes of death

Kenton L. Burns

1979-01-01

431

Intelligent Patient and Nurse Scheduling in Ambulatory Health Care Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambulatory health care centers are the major arena for delivery of primary health care to patients. In contrast to hospital or urgent care scheduling systems, ambulatory health care centers offer different challenge for scheduling optimization. The aim is similar, i.e. to reduce the average waiting time and maintain high resource utilization, but the concept is different. In this paper we

G. Stiglic; P. Kokol

2005-01-01

432

Changes in Patterns of Health Care: Plus Forty Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents an update of Herman's article ["Changes in Patterns of Health Care," "School Health Review," 1(9-14)1969] that focuses on the changes in patterns of health care. He discusses the poverty, insurance, and access to medical care as well as the quality of medical care for adults and minors. He stresses that…

Sofalvi, Alan J.

2010-01-01

433

Reason for Visit: Is Migrant Health Care that Different?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the reasons for which migrant agricultural workers in Pennsylvania seek health care. Methods: Participants were individuals 14 years of age and over, actively involved in agricultural labor and presenting for medical care at 6 migrant health care centers. Bilingual health care providers…

Henning, George F.; Graybill, Marie; George, John

2008-01-01

434

Michigan Health Care Costs Review. Personal Health Care Expenditures, 1966-1981. Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data are presented describing expenditures for personal health services in Michigan from 1977 to 1981. The rapid growth in expenditures is illustrated, as well as the rates of growth in expenditures, for major categories of health services. Personal health expenditures are defined as payments for care directly provided to patients: specifically,…

Michigan State Office of Health and Medical Affairs, Lansing.

435

Volunteering MMU Opportunity Form Please complete this form to enable us to register your opportunities on to  

E-print Network

by the volunteer? The volunteer should; · Have good interpersonal skills- be a good communicator · Have an interest Fundraising o Health Care o IT o Law/ Legal Services o Marketing / Media / Publicity o Performing / visual Other (please give details) Event/Campaigning Please send any completed forms to volunteering

436

A telemedicine health care delivery system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Interactive Telemedicine Systems (ITS) system was specifically developed to address the ever widening gap between our medical care expertise and our medical care delivery system. The frustrating reality is that as our knowledge of how to diagnose and treat medical conditions has continued to advance, the system to deliver that care has remained in an embryonic stage. This has resulted in millions of people being denied their most basic health care needs. Telemedicine utilizes an interactive video system integrated with biomedical telemetry that allows a physician at a base station specialty medical complex or teaching hospital to examine and treat a patient at multiple satellite locations, such as rural hospitals, ambulatory health centers, correctional institutions, facilities caring for the elderly, community hospital emergency departments, or international health facilities. Based on the interactive nature of the system design, the consulting physician at the base station can do a complete history and physical examination, as if the patient at the satellite site was sitting in the physician's office. This system is described.

Sanders, Jay H.

1991-01-01

437

Child day care arrangements and employee health.  

PubMed

With the changing demographics of the work force and predictions that two thirds of new job entrants will be female, it is vital that occupational health nurses develop programs to meet these changes to ensure the health and safety of the work force. Workers and their families can no longer be viewed as separate from the workplace. There is an interactive relationship between workers, their families, and their work. Child day care arrangements can positively or negatively affect all three domains. Available, affordable, accessible, and dependable child day care are only part of the answer for the child care crisis facing today's workers. The perception of the quality of the day care center seems to be a major factor affecting mothers in the work force. Occupational health nurses are in a pivotal position to assist workers in meeting the unique demands and challenges of the dual career family--including child day care--thus promoting a more productive, healthier, and safer work force. PMID:1536688

Mastroianni, K

1992-02-01

438

ARTEMIS: a collaborative framework for health care.  

PubMed Central

Patient centered healthcare delivery is an inherently collaborative process. This involves a wide range of individuals and organizations with diverse perspectives: primary care physicians, hospital administrators, labs, clinics, and insurance. The key to cost reduction and quality improvement in health care is effective management of this collaborative process. The use of multi-media collaboration technology can facilitate timely delivery of patient care and reduce cost at the same time. During the last five years, the Concurrent Engineering Research Center (CERC), under the sponsorship of DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, recently renamed ARPA) developed a number of generic key subsystems of a comprehensive collaboration environment. These subsystems are intended to overcome the barriers that inhibit the collaborative process. Three subsystems developed under this program include: MONET (Meeting On the Net)--to provide consultation over a computer network, ISS (Information Sharing Server)--to provide access to multi-media information, and PCB (Project Coordination Board)--to better coordinate focussed activities. These systems have been integrated into an open environment to enable collaborative processes. This environment is being used to create a wide-area (geographically distributed) research testbed under DARPA sponsorship, ARTEMIS (Advance Research Testbed for Medical Informatics) to explore the collaborative health care processes. We believe this technology will play a key role in the current national thrust to reengineer the present health-care delivery system. PMID:8130536

Reddy, R.; Jagannathan, V.; Srinivas, K.; Karinthi, R.; Reddy, S. M.; Gollapudy, C.; Friedman, S.

1993-01-01

439

Exposure of health workers in primary health care to glutaraldehyde  

PubMed Central

Background In order to avoid proliferation of microorganisms, cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation in health centres is of utmost importance hence reducing exposure of workers to biological agents and of clients that attend these health centres to potential infections. One of the most commonly-used chemical is glutaraldehyde. The effects of its exposure are well known in the hospital setting; however there is very little information available with regards to the primary health care domain. Objective To determine and measure the exposure of health workers in Primary Health Care Centres. Environmental to glutaraldehyde and staff concentration will be measured and compared with regulated Occupational Exposure Limits. Methods/Design Observational, cross-sectional and multi-centre study. The study population will be composed of any health professionals in contact with the chemical substance that work in the Primary Health Care Centres in the areas of Barcelonès Nord, Maresme, and Barcelona city belonging to the Catalan Institute of Health. Data will be collected from 1) Glutaraldhyde consumption from the previous 4 years in the health centres under study. 2) Semi-structured interviews and key informants to gather information related to glutaraldehyde exposure. 3) Sampling of the substance in the processes considered to be high exposure. Discussion Although glutaraldehyde is extensively used in health centres, scientific literature only deals with certain occupational hazards in the hospital setting. This study attempts to take an in-depth look into the risk factors and environmental conditions that exist in the primary care workplace with exposure to glutaraldehyde. PMID:24180250

2013-01-01

440

The ethical self-fashioning of physicians and health care systems in culturally appropriate health care.  

PubMed

Diverse advocacy groups have pushed for the recognition of cultural differences in health care as a means to redress inequalities in the U.S., elaborating a form of biocitizenship that draws on evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities to make claims on both the state and health care providers. These efforts led to federal regulations developed by the U.S. Office of Minority Health requiring health care organizations to provide Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services. Based on ethnographic research at workshops and conferences, in-depth interviews with cultural competence trainers, and an analysis of postings to a moderated listserv with 2,000 members, we explore cultural competence trainings as a new type of social technology in which health care providers and institutions are urged to engage in ethical self-fashioning to eliminate prejudice and embody the values of cultural relativism. Health care providers are called on to re-orient their practice (such as habits of gaze, touch, and decision-making) and to act on their own subjectivities to develop an orientation toward Others that is "culturally competent." We explore the diverse methods that cultural competence trainings use to foster a health care provider's ability to be self-reflexive, including face-to-face workshops and classes and self-guided on-line modules. We argue that the hybrid formation of culturally appropriate health care is becoming detached from its social justice origins as it becomes rationalized by and more firmly embedded in the operations of the health care marketplace. PMID:21553151

Shaw, Susan J; Armin, Julie

2011-06-01

441

Online Simulation of Health Care Reform: Helping Health Educators Learn and Participate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young and healthy undergraduates in health education were not predisposed to learn the complex sprawl of topics in a required course on U.S. Health Care. An online simulation of health care reform was used to encourage student learning about health care and participating in health care reform. Students applied their understanding of high costs,…

Jecklin, Robert

2010-01-01

442

Poetry as a health care management tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overlooked, or certainly infrequently seen form of management communique is the poem. Health care management provides a set of examples—demonstrating psychotherapeutic value to the variety of groups living and working in such a setting. Poetry is shown to be an artful partner not only as a therapeutic tool, but also to have purposeful value in management practice.

Ralph K. Allen

1993-01-01

443

Nadon'sHealth-careInlorlladon  

E-print Network

;www.lhe.net).anlnitlatlve by healthcare professionals and Industry to Improve the way healthcare computer systems share Information physicians, specialists. nursing staff. and technicians from multiple organizations participating In patient administrative records for managing health- care resources-for example. scheduling patient appointments. tracking

444

How Stigma Interferes with Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people who would benefit from mental health services opt not to pursue them or fail to fully participate once they have begun. One of the reasons for this disconnect is stigma; namely, to avoid the label of mental illness and the harm it brings, people decide not to seek or fully participate in care. Stigma yields 2 kinds of harm that may…

Corrigan, Patrick

2004-01-01

445

Portrait of a Health Care Entrepreneur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes career path of Franketta Guinn, who founded her own home health care business. Claims equally important to the financial reward is the opportunity to provide minority members with jobs. Guinn cites family values, a strong personal belief system, and ability to draw from diverse educational, job-related, and personal experiences as keys…

Rodgers, Cheryl

1992-01-01

446

Primary Health Care initiatives in colonial Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most contemporary development practitioners have only passing familiarity with development strategies employed by their predecessors, especially for programs that occurred during colonial periods. An examination of the colonial medical system of Kenya reveals that many of the strategies now employed in Primary Health Care programs were preceded by comparable programs administered by the colonial medical authorities. The colonial system did

Miriam S. Chaiken

1998-01-01

447

Health Care In China After Mao  

PubMed Central

This article summarizes observations made by the author during a recent trip to China and compares these views to those of other observers over the past decade. The discussion is undoubtedly influenced by the Chinese tendency to speak in terms of the ideal rather than what exists. It was often difficult to sort out “what is” from “what ought to be,” even though our hosts appeared very candid, and, for the most part, our observations confirmed what we were told. Interpretation of observations is also colored by China's new surge of leadership, which causes health care policies to be in a continual state of transition. This makes any paper on contemporary Chinese health care somewhat outdated by the time it is published. However, there appear to be larger concerns reflecting basic Chinese attitudes toward health care that have evolved during the post “Liberation” period and which underlie day-to-day policy fluctuations. The analysis which follows attempts to isolate basic trends from more transitory events to clarify the essential aspects of Chinese health care policy. PMID:10309363

Dobson, Allen

1981-01-01

448

Physician Migration, Education, and Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physician migration is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that is intimately intertwined with medical education. Imbalances in the production of physicians lead to workforce shortages and surpluses that compromise the ability to deliver adequate and equitable health care to large parts of the world's population. In this overview, we address a…

Norcini, John J.; Mazmanian, Paul E.

2005-01-01

449

Emergency Care Skills for Occupational Health Nurses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in community colleges, technical colleges, and technical institutes, this manual contains a course for teaching emergency care skills to both licensed practical and registered nurses employed in occupational health. The manual consists of three sections. In section 1 the need for the course, its content, objectives, length,…

North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh. Occupational Information Center.

450

HEALTH CARE REFORM TIMELINE YEAR PROVISION DESCRIPTION  

E-print Network

1 HEALTH CARE REFORM TIMELINE YEAR PROVISION DESCRIPTION Effective 1/1/2010 Small business tax% of premium on clinical services and activities that improve healthcare quality. · Individual and small market that improve healthcare quality. · Insurers are required to rebate premiums if loss ratios do not meet

Schwarz, Thomas

451

How Stigma Interferes With Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many people who would benefit from mental health services opt not to pursue them or fail to fully participate once they have begun. One of the reasons for this disconnect is stigma; namely, to avoid the label of mental illness and the harm it brings, people decide not to seek or fully participate in care. Stigma yields 2 kinds of

Patrick Corrigan

2004-01-01

452

Raich, Health Care, and the Commerce Clause  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers to what extent health care may be viewed as a traditional area of state concern in the context of the Supreme Court’s revival of federalism principles, in particular limits on Congress’ Commerce Clause power, and what effect Raich v. Ashcroft, heard by the Court in the fall 2004 term, might have on these issues. Addressing these questions

Alex Kreit; Aaron Marcus

2005-01-01

453

Comparability of Health Care Responsiveness in Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to measure and to correct for the potential incomparability of responses to the SHARE survey on health care responsiveness. A parametric approach based on the use of anchoring vignettes is applied to cross-sectional data (2006-2007) in eleven European countries. More than 7,000 respondents aged 50 years old and over were…

Sirven, Nicolas; Santos-Eggimann, Brigitte; Spagnoli, Jacques

2012-01-01

454

Online Collaborative Learning in Health Care Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At our University, the Faculty of Health, Social Care and Education has delivered a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate courses via flexible distance learning for many years. Distance learning can be a lonely experience for students who may feel isolated and unsupported. However e-learning provides an opportunity to use technology to…

Westbrook, Catherine

2012-01-01

455

Counseling and Mental Health Care in Palestine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide a brief overview of counseling and mental health care in Palestine, including their history and a summary of their current status. Finally, a discussion is presented of future trends in the development of the profession with regard to recent changes in the region.

Shawahin, Lamise; Ciftci, Ayse

2012-01-01

456

Telemedicine: Health Care for Isolated Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lead article discusses the results of a series of experiments in rural Alaska in which telemedicine was used to improve the delivery of health care to isolated populations. The author, Dennis Foote, also discusses the implications of these experiments for planning telemedicine systems in other areas. Satellite communication and a centralized…

Development Communication Report, 1977

1977-01-01

457

Health Care Assistant. Instructor [Guide.] Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's guide contains 65 lessons designed to aid teachers in presenting a course in basic nursing procedures for students studying for careers as health care assistants. Lesson plans consist of a scope, objectives, suggested supplementary teaching and learning items; references, an introduction, a lesson outline, handouts, evaluation…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

458

A new model for health care delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The health care delivery system in the United States is facing cost and quality pressures that will require fundamental changes to remain viable. The optimal structures of the relationships between the hospital, medical school, and physicians have not been determined but are likely to have a large impact on the future of healthcare delivery. Because it is generally agreed

John P Kepros; Razvan C Opreanu

2009-01-01

459

Towards Open Information Management in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of information technology as tool in health care is increasing. The main benefits stem from the fact that information in electronic form can be transferred to different locations rapidly and from the possibility to auto- mate certain information management tasks. The current technological approach for this automation relies on structured, formally coded representation of information. We discuss the

J. Yli-Hietanen; S. Niiranen

2008-01-01

460

Mental health care costs: paucity of measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an evaluation of a mental health care programme to be comprehensive, it should include an economic component. However, very few cost instruments appear to exist, and only one has been fully described in the literature. This paper seeks to review the studies where costs have been calculated. For this exercise to be facilitated the different elements which make up

P. McCrone; S. Weich

1996-01-01

461

Cultural influences on health care in Palestine.  

PubMed

International cancer care efforts are focusing increasingly on why cancer typically is diagnosed at later stages in the developing world. In Middle Eastern countries, cancer usually is diagnosed at a more advanced stage of disease. For example, in Palestine, 42% of cases were reported stage III and 18% were stage IV. Receiving a cancer diagnosis and seeking treatment is influenced by cultural values and how the community views cancer. Healthcare providers need to understand the disparities and the influence of those disparities on health outcomes. This article is constructed using the Culture Care Theory,which depicts the importance of culture on the health behavior of the individual, and will focus on how cultural values of Palestinian patients with cancer and their families affect attitudes toward and decisions about cancer care. PMID:21624863

Saca-Hazboun, Hanan; Glennon, Catherine A

2011-06-01

462

Council Resolution -07 (CR-07): Dependent Health Care Insurance Reform  

E-print Network

of the Affordable Care Act; WHEREAS, Dependents may purchase health insurance through the Student Health InsuranceCouncil Resolution - 07 (CR-07): Dependent Health Care Insurance Reform WHEREAS, the Graduate heretofore referred to as Dependents, and these Dependents require health care coverage as a result

Gleeson, Joseph G.

463

Physical access to primary health care in Andean Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited physical access to primary health care is a major factor contributing to the poor health of populations in developing countries, particularly in mountain areas with rugged topography, harsh climates and extensive socioeconomic barriers. Assessing physical access to primary health care is an important exercise for health care planners and policy makers. The development of geographic information system (GIS) technology

Baker Perry; Wil Gesler

2000-01-01

464

Envisioning the Health Care Initiative at Lehigh University  

E-print Network

to contribute innovative health care advances that will lead to a successful health care system (Gast, 2008 of high activity (e.g., physical disease, biotechnology, mental health). Faculty responses (120 Envisioning the Health Care Initiative at Lehigh University September 2008 #12; 2

Napier, Terrence

465

Public perceptions of Australia's doctors, hospitals and health care systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess public perceptions of Australia's doctors, hospitals and health care systems. Design and participants: A cross-sectional national telephone survey of a random sample of 800 Australian adults in August 2007. Main outcome measures: Ratings of subjective trust in health care providers, public and private hospitals, private health insurers and Medicare; attitudinal ratings for the current health care system,

Elizabeth A Hardie; Christine R Critchley

466

HEALTH CARE COLLEGES CODE OF STUDENT PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT  

E-print Network

10/14/08 Page 1 HEALTH CARE COLLEGES CODE OF STUDENT PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT (APPROVED BY THE BOARD. Consequently, students in the health care colleges have a particular obligation to conduct themselves at all ("HCC students"). The health care colleges are: Dentistry, Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy

Hayes, Jane E.

467

Determinants of health care utilization by immigrants in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The increasing diversity of population in European Countries poses new challenges to national health systems. There is a lack of data on accessibility and use of health care services by migrants, appropriateness of the care provided, client satisfaction and problems experienced when confronting the health care system. This limits knowledge about the multiple determinants of the utilization of health

Sónia F Dias; Milton Severo; Henrique Barros

2008-01-01

468

[President Obama's health care reform: lessons to and from the Israeli health care system].  

PubMed

In March 2010 the United States enacted the most significant health care reform in several decades. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, amongst other provisions, addresses two of the main current shortcomings of the U.S. health system: the large portion of the population that are uninsured and the high percentage of hsealth expenditures (mostly private] which amounts to about 16% of the GDP. Changes to the current structure and financing of the U.S. health system will have implications for other health systems, for science (e.g., through enhanced federal funding for comparative effectiveness research), and for technological advance (e.g., through accelerated development and use of electronic health records). There are several lessons from the reform, and the factors leading to its implementation, for the Israeli health system. Firstly, the basic principles of the Israeli health system are a source of pride, and undermining its main values can have deleterious effects. Overreliance on private, out-of-pocket, spending and lack of support for public practice of medicine (in community and hospital settings) will weaken the public sector, strengthen the private sector, and could result in a tiered lower quality and less accessible public system with greater widening of gaps in health and health care utilization. This paper reviews the main provisions of the U.S. health care reform and the potential implications for the IsraeLi health system. PMID:21939111

Balicer, Ran D; Shadmi, Efrat

2011-08-01

469

Lean methodology in health care.  

PubMed

Lean production is a process management philosophy that examines organizational processes from a customer perspective with the goal of limiting the use of resources to those processes that create value for the end customer. Lean manufacturing emphasizes increasing efficiency, decreasing waste, and using methods to decide what matters rather than accepting preexisting practices. A rapid improvement team at Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, implemented a plan, do, check, act cycle to determine problems in the central sterile processing department, test solutions, and document improved processes. By using A3 thinking, a consensus building process that graphically depicts the current state, the target state, and the gaps between the two, the team worked to improve efficiency and safety, and to decrease costs. Use of this methodology has increased teamwork, created user-friendly work areas and processes, changed management styles and expectations, increased staff empowerment and involvement, and streamlined the supply chain within the perioperative area. PMID:20619772

Kimsey, Diane B

2010-07-01

470

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Women's Health and Wellbeing analyse an aspect of women's health care, specific to your own area of practice, from both a physical

Doran, Simon J.

471

Private equity investment in health care services.  

PubMed

Sophisticated private equity investors in health services provide venture capital for early-stage companies, growth capital for mid-stage companies, and equity capital for buyouts of mid-stage and mature companies. They pursue opportunities in provider sectors that are large and have a stable reimbursement environment, such as acute care services; sectors with room to execute consolidation strategies, such as labs; alternative-site sectors, such as "storefront" medicine; and clinical services, such as behavioral health, that are subject to profitably increasing quality and lowering costs. The innovations created through private equity investments could challenge established health services organizations. PMID:18780929

Robbins, Catherine J; Rudsenske, Todd; Vaughan, James S

2008-01-01

472

Primary Care-Led Mental Health Service Reform: An Outline of the Better Outcomes in Mental Health Care Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the key features of the ‘Better Outcomes in Mental Health Care’ initiative (2001-2005) and to detail some of the conceptual, community, professional and epidemiological forces that shaped its content.Conclusions: The ‘Better Outcomes in Mental Health Care’ initiative represents a major development in mental health care in Australia. It recognises the central role of primary care, promotes integrated

Ian Hickie; Grace Groom

2002-01-01

473

Marketing Communications Plan for Coventry Health Care of Kansas, Inc.  

E-print Network

. In addition, monumental reforms in health care policies are on the horizon, with the Affordable Care Act (ACA) expected to take full effect in 2014. Overview National health expenditures (NHE) were $2.6 trillion in 2009, which reflected growth of 3..., quality and outcomes for vulnerable populations (Stremkis, Berenson & Riley, 2011). The Obama administration has a ten-year, $634 billion plan for health care reforms (Health Insurance – U.S., 2009). These reforms intend to make health care available...

Kelly, Sarah; Kim, Sungtae; Mowder, Alicia; Smith, Carmen; Vaughn, Joshua

2012-05-08

474

Engaging doctors in the health care revolution.  

PubMed

A health care revolution is under way, and doctors must be part of it. But many are deeply anxious and angry about the transformation, fearing loss of autonomy, respect, and income. Given their resistance, how can health system Leaders engage them in redesigning care? In this article, Dr. Thomas H. Lee, Press Ganey's chief medical officer, and Dr. Toby Cosgrove, the CEO of the Cleveland Clinic, describe a framework they've developed for encouraging buy-in. Adapting Max Weber's "typology of motives," and applying behavioral economics and other motivational principles, they describe four tactics leadership must apply in concert: engaging doctors in a noble shared purpose; addressing their economic self-interest; leveraging their desire for respect; and appealing to their sense of tradition. Drawing from experiences at the Mayo Clinic, Geisinger Health System, Partners HealthCare, the Cleveland Clinic, Ascension Health, and others, the authors show how the four motivational levers work together to bring this critical group of stakeholders on board. PMID:25051859

Lee, Thomas H; Cosgrove, Toby

2014-06-01

475

Health Care for Micronesians and Constitutional Rights  

PubMed Central

Under the Compacts of Free Association (COFA), people from the Freely Associated States — the Republic of Palau (ROP), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) — have been migrating to the United States in increasing numbers. In 1996, Congress passed broad welfare reform (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act) which limited certain federal benefits previously available to COFA migrants, including Medicaid benefits. Prior to July 2010, the State of Hawai‘i had continued to include COFA migrants under its state-funded Medicaid program. In the face of budget constraints, the State removed these people from its Medicaid rolls. A challenge on the legal basis of the denial of equal protection of the laws, ie, the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, was successful in reinstating health care to the COFA migrants in December 2010. From the health worker's perspective, regardless of various social justice arguments that may have been marshaled in favor of delivering health care to the people, it was an appeal to the judicial system that succeeded. From the attorney's perspective, the legal victories are potentially limited to the four walls of the courtroom without community involvement and related social justice movements. Together, the authors propose that in order to better address the issue of health care access for Micronesian peoples, we must work together, as health and legal advocates, to define a more robust vision of both systems that includes reconciliation and community engagement. PMID:22235150

Shek, Dina

2011-01-01

476

Commentary: defining disability in health care education.  

PubMed

According to the 2008 American Community Survey, about 12% of the population of the United States is living with one or more disabling conditions. These conditions impact lives in a variety of ways, some with more or less direct impact on an individual's health and access to health care services. Although it has been 20 years since the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, people with disabilities still experience health disparities and a lack of access to the appropriate care. This commentary is part of a collection of articles that describe various aspects of incorporating content into the medical school curriculum to enhance the preparation of today's medical students to meet the needs of people with disabilities. The authors briefly describe the scope of the problem and define the population of people with disabilities that constitutes the focus of the work described in the other articles in this collection. PMID:21865901

Long-Bellil, Linda M; O'Connor, Darlene M; Robey, Kenneth L; Hahn, Joan Earle; Minihan, Paula M; Graham, Catherine L; Smeltzer, Suzanne C

2011-09-01

477

The economic value of health care data.  

PubMed

The amount of health care data in our world has been exploding, and the ability to store, aggregate, and combine data and then use the results to perform deep analyses have become ever more important. "Big data," large pools of data that can be captured, communicated, aggregated, stored, and analyzed, are now part of every sector and function of the global economy. While most research into big data thus far has focused on the question of their volume, there is evidence that the business and economic possibilities of big data and their wider implications are important for consideration. It is even offering the possibility that health care data could become the most valuable asset over the next 5 years as "secondary use" of electronic health record data takes off. PMID:23454988

Harper, Ellen M

2013-01-01

478

Case Studies in Primary Health Care  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health has participated in the OpenCourseWare program for a number of years, and this course is one of their most recent offerings. Created by Henry Taylor and Henry Perry, these course materials introduce "students to the origins, concepts, and development of community-based primary health care through case studies from both developing and developed countries." On this course site, visitors can read through the syllabus, examine the course schedule, and look over the lecture materials. In the lecture materials area, visitors will find lecture slides and their corresponding audio files. Some of the topics covered here include the roots of community-based primary health care and women's empowerment in Afghanistan. Finally, visitors can check out some of the course readings, which are offered in the pdf format.

Perry, Henry

2011-01-01

479

Health Insurance, Medical Care, and Health Outcomes: A Model of Elderly Health Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prescription drug coverage creates a change in medical care consumption, beyond standard moral hazard, arising both from the differential cost-sharing and the relative effectiveness of different types of care. We model the dynamic supplemental health insurance decisions of Medicare beneficiaries, their medical care demand, and subsequent health

Yang, Zhou; Gilleskie, Donna B.; Norton, Edward C.

2009-01-01

480

Family-Centered Care: Current Applications and Future Directions in Pediatric Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family-centered care (FCC) is a partnership approach to health care decision-making between the family and health care provider.\\u000a FCC is considered the standard of pediatric health care by many clinical practices, hospitals, and health care groups. Despite\\u000a widespread endorsement, FCC continues to be insufficiently implemented into clinical practice. In this paper we enumerate\\u000a the core principles of FCC in pediatric

Dennis Z. KuoAmy; Amy J. Houtrow; Polly Arango; Karen A. Kuhlthau; Jeffrey M. Simmons; John M. Neff

481

Organizing health care within political turmoil: the Palestinian case.  

PubMed

Palestinians were given control over their own health services in late 1994. Since then they have been facing the challenge of reorganizing disordered health services into a cohesive, regulated and sustainable health care system. This paper focuses on the experience of organizing health care during political instability. It considers the ways that health care is currently provided and funded in the Palestinian Territories. The patterns of accessibility to health care services in terms of insurance coverage and provision (physical allocation) of services are discussed. Finally, the major health care policy changes in this transitional period are examined. PMID:12683274

Hamdan, Motasem; Defever, Mia; Abdeen, Ziad

2003-01-01

482

Health Care Indicators: Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: Second Quarter 1999  

PubMed Central

This feature presents highlights from statistics on health care utilization, prices, expenses, employment, and work hours, as well as on national economic activity, with brief analysis of these economic indicators. These statistics provide an early indication of changes occurring in the health care sector and within the general economy. Although most statistics include data for the second quarter of 1999, American Hospital Association data are through the third quarter of 1998. PMID:11481776

Seifert, Mary Lee; Heffler, Stephen K.; Donham, Carolyn S.

1999-01-01

483

Health Care Indicators: Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry: First Quarter 1999  

PubMed Central

This feature presents highlights from statistics on health care utilization, prices, expenses, employment, and work hours, as well as on national economic activity, with brief analysis of these economic indicators. These statistics provide an early indication of changes occurring in the health care sector and within the general economy. Although most data are for the first quarter of 1999, American Hospital Association data (Tables 1 and 2) refer to the third quarter of 1998. PMID:11481737

Seifert, Mary Lee; Heffler, Stephen K.; Donham, Carolyn S.

1999-01-01

484

Health Care Costs in End-of-Life and Palliative Care: The Quest for Ethical Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health reform in the United States must address both access to medical services and universal insurance coverage, as well as health care cost containment. Uncontrolled health care costs will undermine improvements in access and coverage in the long-run, and will also be detrimental to other important social programs and goals. Accordingly, the authors offer an ethical perspective on health care

Bruce Jennings; Mary Beth Morrissey

2011-01-01

485

Analysis of Senate Bill 92: Health Care Reform  

E-print Network

Mental Health Services Inpatient psychiatric care Outpatient visits Chemical Dependency Services Inpatient detoxification Outpatient visits Home Health Services Non-custodial skilled nursingMental Health Services Inpatient psychiatric care Outpatient visits Chemical Dependency Services Inpatient detoxification Outpatient visits Home Health Services Non-custodial skilled nursingMental Health Services Inpatient psychiatric care Outpatient visits Chemical Dependency Services Inpatient detoxification Outpatient visits Home Health Services Non-custodial skilled nursing

2009-01-01

486

Health Literacy: Critical Opportunities for Social Work Leadership in Health Care and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One-third of U. S. adults do not have adequate health literacy to manage their health care needs; and low health literacy is a major concern due to its association with poor health outcomes, high health care costs, and health communication problems. Low health literacy is a potential driver of health disparities, and its alleviation is central to…

Liechty, Janet M.

2011-01-01

487

Associations and foundations in the field of health care and their role in the health system of Poland.  

PubMed

The article presents data on associations and foundations active in health care field in Poland, on the basis of a review of research done by Klon/Jawor Association and the Central Statistical Office. The article also applies to the issue of cooperation between NGOs and governmental adminstration in the health area and identifies lacking information that is necessary for better planning of national health policy. In Poland there are about three thousand associations and foundations whose main focus is the health care. In 2010, they accounted for about 7% of all non-governmental organizations. Results of representative nationwide surveys from 2008 and 2010 indicate that the NGO's active in the field of health care have, in most cases, legal form of associations. Almost half of the organizations declared national or international scope of action. Headquarters of most organizations were mainly in the cities, and only, one in twenty in the village. Most organizations were located in the mazowieckie province and a significant fraction of them was in Warsaw itself. Organizations were stood out by a relatively large number of personnel on the background of the entire NGO sector. Half of the organizations employed paid workers, the majority also collaborated with volunteers who were not members of the organization. More than a third of organizations dealt with the rehabilitation, therapy and long-term care, and about 1/3 dealt with prevention, health promotion and education, and blood donations. World Health Organization indicates the need for systematic collection of data about the role of the nongovernmental sector in health. In Poland, legal regulations require the public institutions and organizations to cooperate with NGOs to achieve health objectives. In spite of relevant data on NGOs in the field of health care in Poland, the necessary information to assess their potential are still lacking. Recognition of the capacity and limitations ofNGOs could enable better planning of national health policy. PMID:23745378

Piotrowicz, Maria; Cianciara, Dorota

2013-01-01

488

Traditional health practitioners as primary health care workers.  

PubMed

The author conducted a field study in 1993 to evaluate the effectiveness of four projects that were training traditional health practitioners (THPs) to provide primary health care (PHC) services in Ghana, Mexico, and Bangladesh. The study, funded by a grant from the World Health Organization, Division of Strengthening Health Services, concluded that incorporating trained THPs in PHC programmes can be cost effective in providing essential and culturally relevant health services to communities. The main objective of the study was to evaluate how effective the training projects were and to determine what impacts they might have upon the communities served. A qualitative field evaluation was performed using data collected from project documents, observations, and field interviews with a selection of health agency staff, THPs, and community members. A summary of results is presented from the four field studies. For details refer to the full report. PMID:9204727

Hoff, W

1997-01-01

489

Understanding the motivation and performance of community health volunteers involved in the delivery of health programmes in Kampala, Uganda: a realist evaluation protocol  

PubMed Central

Introduction The recruitment of community health volunteers to support the delivery of health programmes is a well-established approach in many countries, particularly where health services are not readily available. However, studies on management of volunteers are scarce and current research on human resource management of volunteers faces methodological challenges. This paper presents the protocol of a realist evaluation that aims at identifying the factors influencing the performance of community health volunteers involved in the delivery of a Red Cross immunisation programme in Kampala (Uganda) with a specific focus on motivation. Methods and analysis The realist evaluation cycle structures the protocol. To develop the theoretical basis for the evaluation, the authors conducted interviews and reviewed the literature on community health volunteers’ performance, management and organisational behaviour. This led to the formulation of the initial programme theory, which links the intervention inputs (capacity-building strategies) to the expected outcomes (positive work behaviour) with mechanisms that point in the direction of drivers of motivation. The contextual elements include components such as organisational culture, resource availability, etc. A case study design will be adopted. We define a case as a Red Cross branch, run by a programme manager, and will select two cases at the district level in Kampala. Mixed methods will be used in data collection, including individual interviews of volunteers, participant observation and document review. The thematic analysis will be based on the initial programme theory and will seek for context-mechanism-outcome configurations. Findings from the two cases will be compared. Discussion We discuss the scope for applying realist evaluation and the methodological challenges we encountered in developing this protocol. Ethics and dissemination The study was approved by the Ethical Committee at Rennes University Hospital, France. Results will be published in scientific journals, and communicated to respondents and relevant institutions. PMID:25631314

Vareilles, Gaëlle; Pommier, Jeanine; Kane, Sumit; Pictet, Gabriel; Marchal, Bruno

2015-01-01

490

Reconceptualizing compliance in home health care.  

PubMed

The term "compliance" and its traditional definitions frequently are criticized in the literature. Although a number of authors advocate a collaborative model of compliance, with compliance decisions and responsibilities for health outcomes shared by provider and patient, few describe this model in practice. This study investigated compliance communication in two home care agencies. Findings from interviews with 6 nurses and observation during home visits to 25 patients (N = 31) revealed a prosocial, collaborative model of compliance that coincides with the participative model of medical care (Smith, 1989) and a redefinition of compliance advanced by Kontz (1989). PMID:8716881

Vivian, B G

1996-01-01

491

Health Care System Reforms in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

This article proposes a critical but non-systematic review of recent health care system reforms in developing countries. The literature reports mixed results as to whether reforms improve the financial protection of the poor or not. We discuss the reasons for these differences by comparing three representative countries: Mexico, Vietnam, and China. First, the design of the health care system reform, as well as the summary of its evaluation, is briefly described for each country. Then, the discussion is developed along two lines: policy design and evaluation methodology. The review suggests that i) background differences, such as social development, poverty level, and population health should be considered when taking other countries as a model; ii) although demand-side reforms can be improved, more attention should be paid to supply-side reforms; and iii) the findings of empirical evaluation might be biased due to the evaluation design, the choice of outcome, data quality, and evaluation methodology, which should be borne in mind when designing health care system reforms. PMID:25170464

Han, Wei

2012-01-01