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1

How Adolescents Use Technology for Health Information: Implications for Health Professionals from Focus Group Studies  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescents present many challenges in providing them effective preventive services and health care. Yet, they are typically the early adopters of new technology (eg, the Internet). This creates important opportunities for engaging youths via eHealth. Objective To describe how adolescents use technology for their health-information needs, identify the challenges they face, and highlight some emerging roles of health professionals regarding eHealth services for adolescents. Methods Using an inductive qualitative research design, 27 focus groups were conducted in Ontario, Canada. The 210 participants (55% female, 45% male; median age 16 years) were selected to reflect diversity in age, sex, geographic location, cultural identity, and risk. An 8-person team analyzed and coded the data according to major themes. Results Study participants most-frequently sought or distributed information related to school (89%), interacting with friends (85%), social concerns (85%), specific medical conditions (67%), body image and nutrition (63%), violence and personal safety (59%), and sexual health (56%). Finding personally-relevant, high-quality information was a pivotal challenge that has ramifications on the depth and types of information that adolescents can find to answer their health questions. Privacy in accessing information technology was a second key challenge. Participants reported using technologies that clustered into 4 domains along a continuum from highly-interactive to fixed information sources: (1) personal communication: telephone, cell phone, and pager; (2) social communication: e-mail, instant messaging, chat, and bulletin boards; (3) interactive environments: Web sites, search engines, and computers; and (4) unidirectional sources: television, radio, and print. Three emerging roles for health professionals in eHealth include: (1) providing an interface for adolescents with technology and assisting them in finding pertinent information sources; (2) enhancing connection to youths by extending ways and times when practitioners are available; and (3) fostering critical appraisal skills among youths for evaluating the quality of health information. Conclusions This study helps illuminate adolescent health-information needs, their use of information technologies, and emerging roles for health professionals. The findings can inform the design and more-effective use of eHealth applications for adolescent populations. PMID:14713660

Biscope, Sherry; Poland, Blake; Goldberg, Eudice

2003-01-01

2

Needs and Preferences for Receiving Mental Health Information in an African American Focus Group Sample  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to better understand the mental health/illness information and service delivery preferences among African American residents of Baltimore. We conducted four focus groups (n=42) among African American adults currently unconnected with the mental health system. Participants expressed fear of stigma and perceptions of racism as major barriers to seeking information and/or services and discussed some normalizing strategies to address these barriers. African Americans harbor cultural and traditional beliefs regarding mental illness which could also act as barriers. Findings have implications for imparting acceptable and culturally-sensitive mental health education and service delivery programs in community settings. PMID:18633704

Mishra, Shiraz I.; Lucksted, Alicia; Gioia, Deborah; Barnet, Beth; Baquet, Claudia R.

2013-01-01

3

Focus Issue: Women's Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week’s issues of Science and Science’s STKE concern health-related issues that are specifically pertinent to women. Topics at STKE include cell signaling pathways through which human papillomaviruses promote the development of cervical cancer and the role of membrane-associated signaling pathways in the anti-inflammatory effects of estrogen and the beneficial actions of estrogen on cardiovascular function.

L. Bryan Ray (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Editor of Science's STKE and Senior Editor of Science REV); Elizabeth M. Adler (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Associate Editor of Science's STKE REV); Nancy R. Gough (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Managing Editor of Science's STKE REV)

2005-06-14

4

The Native Telehealth Outreach and Technical Assistance Program: A Community-Based Approach to the Development of Multimedia-Focused Health Care Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and dissemination of culturally relevant health care information has traditionally taken a "top-down" approach. Governmental funding agencies and research institutions have too often dictated the importance and focus of health-related research and information dissemination. In addition, the digital divide has affected rural…

Dick, Rhonda Wiegman; Manson, Spero M.; Hansen, Amy L.; Huggins, Annie; Trullinger, Lori

2007-01-01

5

Clinical Care Improvement with Use of Health Information Technology Focusing on Evidence Based Medicine  

PubMed Central

Objectives Healthcare institutions need timely patient information from various sources at the point-of-care. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a tool for proper and efficient incorporation of the results of research in decision-making. Characteristics of medical treatment processes and practical experience concerning the effect of EBM in the clinical process are surveyed. Methods A cross sectional survey conducted in Tehran hospitals in February-March 2012 among 51 clinical residents. The respondents were asked to apply EBM in clinical decision-making to answer questions about the effect of EBM in the clinical process. A valid and reliable questionnaire was used in this study. Results EBM provides a framework for problem solving and improvement of processes. Most residents (76%) agreed that EBM could improve clinical decision making. Eighty one percent of the respondents believed that EBM resulted in quick updating of knowledge. They believed that EBM was more useful for diagnosis than for treatment. There was a significant association between out-patients and in-patients in using electronic EBM resources. Conclusions Research findings were useful in clinical practice and decision making. The computerized guidelines are important tools for improving clinical process quality. When learning how to use IT, methods of search and evaluation of evidence for diagnosis, treatment and medical education are necessary. Purposeful use of IT in clinical processes reduces workload and improves decision-making. PMID:23115738

Peyman, Rezaei Hachesu; Ahmadi, Maryam; Aziz, Rezapoor; Farahnaz, Sadughi; Nader, Maroufi

2012-01-01

6

Information needs of health care workers in developing countries: a literature review with a focus on Africa  

PubMed Central

Health care workers in developing countries continue to lack access to basic, practical information to enable them to deliver safe, effective care. This paper provides the first phase of a broader literature review of the information and learning needs of health care providers in developing countries. A Medline search revealed 1762 papers, of which 149 were identified as potentially relevant to the review. Thirty-five of these were found to be highly relevant. Eight of the 35 studies looked at information needs as perceived by health workers, patients and family/community members; 14 studies assessed the knowledge of health workers; and 8 looked at health care practice. The studies suggest a gross lack of knowledge about the basics on how to diagnose and manage common diseases, going right across the health workforce and often associated with suboptimal, ineffective and dangerous health care practices. If this level of knowledge and practice is representative, as it appears to be, it indicates that modern medicine, even at a basic level, has largely failed the majority of the world's population. The information and learning needs of family caregivers and primary and district health workers have been ignored for too long. Improving the availability and use of relevant, reliable health care information has enormous potential to radically improve health care worldwide. PMID:19356239

Pakenham-Walsh, Neil; Bukachi, Frederick

2009-01-01

7

Health Information for Older People  

MedlinePLUS

... on more than 1,600 government and non-profit organizations to point you to current information. The ... known, trusted health facilities. Websites for not-for-profit groups that focus on research and teaching the ...

8

Connecting for health literacy: health information partners.  

PubMed

This article describes a community-based health information partnership to address health literacy and health information inequalities in marginalized communities. Public health, medical, literacy, and library practitioners promote health literacy through outreach, training, and professional development activities in community settings. They create learning environments for people to develop the necessary knowledge and skills to better understand health information and health policy so they can make decisions concerning personal and community health. Outreach activities focus on visits to neighborhood health centers, health fairs, health exhibits at union meetings and conferences; training programs involve hands-on, peer-led computer classes for people living with HIV and for the general public; and professional development programs connect librarians, health providers, public health workers, and literacy teachers in joint planning and learning. Several learners currently participate in and lead community health education programs and HIV advocacy. The coalition's strength develops from strongly shared objectives, an absence of territoriality, and a core active leadership group. PMID:18544664

Pomerantz, Karyn L; Muhammad, Abdul-Ali; Downey, Stacey; Kind, Terry

2010-01-01

9

Informing the public health.  

PubMed

Why with an increase in the amount of health information, and ways of accessing it, so many people experience poor health? What is the role of health library and information professionals in improving public health? These questions are of great interest to me. There are many examples of initiatives, particularly in the public library sector, which address health issues, however they are often very local and best practice is not always shared. Clearly changing the health status of a population requires more than information, but information is clearly an essential component. If health information is to be effective in improving public health then we need to address health literacy, and this is where health library and information professionals can play a significant role. Through this journal and the other activities of the Health Libraries Group I hope we can share good practice and explore new ways that health library and information workers can improve the health of individuals and communities. PMID:22925381

Birkenhead, Gary; Grant, Maria J

2012-09-01

10

National Health Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Home of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Search health.gov All ODPHP sites Menu About ... Educate the public about health risks Organize successful health promotion events and campaigns Get new ideas, information, and ...

11

Your Health Information Rights  

MedlinePLUS

... to access your health information Right to an accounting of disclosures of your health information Right to ... Yes. You have a right to receive an "accounting of disclosures," which is a list of certain ...

12

Health Information Privacy  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... technical assistance materials as they are released. Your Health Information Is Protected By Federal Law Most of us believe that our medical and other health information is private and should be protected, and ...

13

The Environment and Health endorsed option focuses on physical and  

E-print Network

The Environment and Health endorsed option focuses on physical and social environments protection, health promotion, health education, urban development, resource management, health policy of population health must take into account the physical and social environments within which people live

Hickman, Mark

14

How does health information influence African American men's health behavior?  

PubMed

Few researchers have examined where African American men obtain, process, and use health information. A thematic analysis of data from eighteen exploratory focus groups conducted with 154 urban African American men aged 32 years and older revealed that men received health information from a variety of sources, including health professionals, media, and members of their social networks. At times, information raised their awareness of health issues, but trust in the source of the information influenced how this information was perceived. Medical professionals were the most common source of health information, but family members were the most trusted source of health information. Health problems and social support increased men's motivation to use health information in order to improve their health and healthy behaviors. These findings illustrate that it is critical to identify factors that influence what information men choose to believe and follow or decide to ignore. PMID:22178902

Griffith, Derek M; Ellis, Katrina R; Ober Allen, Julie

2012-03-01

15

Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Women's Health Information Center, offered by editors of JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association (AMA), provides the latest research and clinical information on women's health issues for physicians and other health professionals. A Newsline section features current stories from Reuters Health Information and special reports from Morbidity, Mortality and Weekly Reports (MMWR) which may be read in HTML or downloaded as .pdf files. The Library section features full text of selected articles on women's health issues and abstracts of articles recently published in medical journals. For the latest information on sexually transmitted diseases or contraceptive issues, visit the STD Information Center or the Contraception Information Center, each of which features the latest news, patient education materials, clinical guidelines for treatment, recommended Internet resources, and abstracts and full-text reports on the latest research.

1998-01-01

16

Women's Health Informational Handout  

E-print Network

Women's Health Informational Handout 9-19-13 Next Choice One Dose Request Form Students may now normal. Return to Women's Health for a pregnancy test if you do not get a NORMAL period in 3 weeks transmitted infection testing in Women's Health in 10-14 days Condoms must be used for the rest of the month

Bushman, Frederic

17

Communicating health information to disadvantaged populations.  

PubMed

Interest in the communication of health information among disadvantaged populations has increased in recent years with the shift from a model of patient-provider communication to one of a more empowered healthcare consumer; with the use of new communication technologies that increase the number of channels through which health information may be accessed; and with the steadily increasing number of people without health insurance. Three separate research literatures contribute to our current understanding of this issue. In the medicine and public health literature, disparities in health access and outcomes among socioeconomic, ethnic, and racial groups are now well documented. In the information sciences literature, scholars note that on a continuum of health information behaviors, ranging from information avoidance and nonseeking to active seeking, nonseeking behaviors are associated with disadvantaged populations. In the communication literature, enthusiasm over the technology-driven growth of online health information seeking is tempered by evidence supporting the knowledge gap hypothesis, which indicates that as potential access to health information increases, systematic gaps in health knowledge also increase as groups with higher socioeconomic status acquire this information at a faster rate than those with lower socioeconomic status. A number of diverse strategies show promise in reducing information and health disparities, including those that focus on technology, such as programs to increase computer and Internet access, skills, and comprehension; those that focus on interpersonal communication, such as the community health worker model; and those that focus on mass media channels, such as entertainment education. PMID:20216358

Beacom, Amanda M; Newman, Sandra J

2010-01-01

18

Health Information Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of health information technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 14 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 6 units specific to the occupation of emergency medical technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

19

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

20

Global Focus Microscope The Global Health Challenge  

E-print Network

Summer 2006 BIKE RIDE FOR GLOBAL HEALTH ANATOMY RECONFIGURED ALUMNI NEWS AND FEATURES Goldfor Teaching to raise money for and awareness of global health issues. I trust you'll find this a "moving" issue Bike Ride for Global Health 14 NJMS Student Pursues Research at NIH 14 Accolades 15 A Large Step

21

Health information in the Arab world.  

PubMed

Availability of online health information in the Arab world is growing rapidly, as well as the demand for it. Today, the Arab health consumer is searching for health information that is in Arabic and is culturally relevant. The purpose of this paper is to document the various initiatives around the development of online health information in the Arab world. The paper highlights the status of online health information in Arab counties with a specific focus on Saudi Arabia. A comprehensive search of both academic and gray literature was conducted in October 2012. Google Scholar, PubMed, the Google search engines were searched. Results show that there has been an increase in the number of health information websites being created in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates. Examples of some these initiatives are discussed. Future challenges to the growth of health information content in the Arab world are also discussed. PMID:23823454

Aldabbagh, Dina; Alsharif, Khlood; Househ, Mowafa S

2013-01-01

22

Refugee Health: Information Needs of Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

For health professionals who work with refugee and asylee clients, finding linguistically and culturally appropriate information for their clients can be challenging. Respondents of an information needs assessment identified several issues including literacy and health literacy, diversity of clientele, availability of existing materials, funding for translation, time to look for existing materials, and the information overload newcomers face. Current information

Kate W. Flewelling

2010-01-01

23

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

24

The Refugee Health Information Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Refugee Health Information Network is an electronic resource designed to make accessible culturally and linguistically appropriate health and medical information in order to improve health services for refugees and asylees. Much of this information will clearly be of value to immigrants as well. This is also a network designed to facilitate collaboration and sharing among state refugee health coordinators

Gale A. Dutcher; John C. Scott; Stacey J. Arnesen

2008-01-01

25

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research  

E-print Network

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

Bushman, Frederic

26

The Health Information Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Healthcare quality improvement is an economic and moral necessity. The transformation, which is needed to improve productivity\\u000a and effectiveness, will rely on computer interoperability to deliver information when and where required, support soundly-based\\u000a decision-making, eliminate unnecessary repetition, reduce delays and avoid errors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Interoperability is one of the core themes of the US Federal Health Information Technology Strategic Plan, which states:

Tim Benson

27

National Institutes of Health: Health Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Health Information portion of the National Institutes of Health website covers a wide range of topics. This consumer-oriented site includes Quick Links, on the left side of the page, to such topics as "Child & Teen Health", "Men's Health", "Minority Health", and "Seniors' Health". To browse health categories, the visitor can browse several different ways. They can browse under "Body Location/Systems", "Conditions/Diseases", "Procedures", and "Health and Wellness". On the left side of the page the visitor can also choose to search for Health Topics alphabetically and for those more inclined toward audio learning, visitors can listen to NIH Radio by clicking on "MP3 audio reports" on the right side of the page. The Research in Action feature in the top middle of the page offers insight into how humans hear. Just click on the picture above Research in Action to be taken to the article. For visitors who just can't find what they need on the Health Information site, there are a slew of Related Links near the bottom of the page, including Health Information on the Web, Health Newsletters, Health Databases, and Federal Health Agencies.

28

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCHER  

EPA Science Inventory

Qualitative research techniques are often under-utilized by the environmental health researcher. Focus groups, one such qualitative method, can provide rich data sets for study planning and implementation, risk perception, program and policy research, and exploration into future...

29

Focus Group Evaluation of Customized Family Health History Education Materials in a North Carolina Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Does It Run In The Family?" booklets provide educational materials about family health history (FHH) and basic genetics to readers of all levels and are customizable for local communities. Purpose: The booklets were customized and provided to focus groups to evaluate their usefulness in conveying health information at a low reading level.…

Powell, Karen; Edelson, Vaughn; O'Leary, James; Christianson, Carol; Henrich, Vincent

2011-01-01

30

Health Services Career Cluster ITAC for Career-Focused Education. Integrated Technical & Academic Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for Ohio educators responsible for planning programs to prepare high school students for careers in health services, this document presents an overview of Ohio's Integrated Technical and Academic Competencies (ITAC) system of career-focused education and specific information about the health services ITAC career cluster. The first half of…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

31

Health Information Needs of Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To understand the views of men and service providers concerning the health information needs of men. Design: A men's health programme was implemented aimed at developing new health information resources designed for use by local organizations with men in socially disadvantaged groups. Research was carried out at the scoping stage…

Robinson, Mark; Robertson, Steve

2014-01-01

32

[People's interest in health information].  

PubMed

Well-informed citizens and patients regard health policy innovations as a key element when it comes to reforms in the health service--both in health economics and with regard to prevention issues. We evaluated the data provided by the 2003 Telephone Health Survey (GSTel03) to examine demographic and social distinctions in the use of different information sources. At the same time we examined whether there are any population-related differences in people's interest in health information depending on their levels of health awareness, attitudes to prevention and related modes of behaviour. The data generated by the survey show that there is considerable interest in health-related topics. Only 2% of the people questioned used no information sources for this purpose. In addition to more traditional media (books, newspapers, information from pharmacies), information provided by health insurance companies and via the Internet is becoming increasingly important. With the exception of the Internet, all other sources of information are used more frequently by women than by men, and demand for most of the information media increases with age. The frequency of information use and the number of different media used increase from the lower to the upper strata of society. As far as selected variables of health-related behaviour are concerned (smoking, sport, alcohol), the results show a link between a more positive attitude to health and a greater interest in information. PMID:16222408

Horch, K; Wirz, J

2005-11-01

33

Improving injury prevention through health information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology is an emerging area of focus in clinical medicine with the potential to improve injury and violence prevention practice. With injuries being the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1-44 years, greater implementation of evidence-based preventive services, referral to community resources, and real-time surveillance of emerging threats is needed. Through a review of the literature and capturing of current practice in the field, this paper showcases how health information technology applied to injury and violence prevention can lead to strengthened clinical preventive services, more rigorous measurement of clinical outcomes, and improved injury surveillance, potentially resulting in health improvement. PMID:25441230

Haegerich, Tamara M; Sugerman, David E; Annest, Joseph L; Klevens, Joanne; Baldwin, Grant T

2015-02-01

34

Focused Monitoring. Alliance Action Information Sheets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During this era of increased accountability and enhanced educational expectations for infants, toddlers and students with disabilities, the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is using a new compliance and technical assistance model- focused monitoring. Focused monitoring is part of the Continuous Improvement…

Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers, 2005

2005-01-01

35

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Improving health in our nation requires strengthening four major domains of the health care system: personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and health-related research. Many avoidable shortcomings in the health sector that result in poor quality are due to inaccessible data, information, and knowledge. A national health information infrastructure (NHII) offers the connectivity and knowledge management essential

Don E Detmer

2003-01-01

36

Equity-focused health impact assessment: A tool to assist policy makers in addressing health inequalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australasia (Australia and New Zealand) the use of health impact assessment (HIA) as a tool for improved policy development is comparatively new. The public health workforce do not routinely assess the potential health and equity impacts of proposed policies or programs. The Australasian Collaboration for Health Equity Impact Assessment was funded to develop a strategic framework for equity-focused HIA

Sarah. Simpson; Mary Mahoney; Elizabeth Harris; Rosemary Aldrich; Jenny Stewart-Williams

2005-01-01

37

HealthFinland --Finnish Health Information on the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

HealthFinland --Finnish Health Information on the Semantic Web Eero Hyv¨onen, Kim Viljanen and brows- ing services to reliable and up-to-date health information created by various health, articles, reports, cam- paign information, news, services, and other information related to health. 1

Hyvönen, Eero

38

Content validity in the PROMIS social health domain: a qualitative analysis of focus group data  

PubMed Central

Purpose Our aim was to assess the content validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) social health item banks by comparing a prespecified conceptual model with concepts that focus-group participants identified as important social-health-related outcomes. These data will inform the process of improving health-related quality-of-life measures. Methods Twenty-five patients with a range of social limitations due to chronic health conditions were recruited at two sites; four focus groups were conducted. Raters independently classified participants' statements using a hierarchical, nested schema that included health-related outcomes, role performance, role satisfaction, family/friends, work, and leisure. Results Key themes that emerged were fulfilling both family and work responsibilities and the distinction between activities done out of responsibility versus enjoyment. Although focus-group participants identified volunteerism and pet ownership as important social-health-related concepts, these were not in our original conceptual model. The concept of satisfaction was often found to overlap with the concept of performance. Conclusion Our conceptual model appeared mostly comprehensive but is being further refined to more appropriately (a) distinguish between responsibilities versus discretionary activities, and (b) situate the outcome of satisfaction as it relates to impairment in social and other domains of health. PMID:18478368

Castel, Liana D.; Williams, Kelly A.; Bosworth, Hayden B.; Eisen, Susan V.; Hahn, Elizabeth A.; Irwin, Debra E.; Kelly, Morgen A. R.; Morse, Jennifer; Stover, Angela; DeWalt, Darren A.; DeVellis, Robert F.

2009-01-01

39

Internet Use for Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... household incomes of 400 percent or more of poverty had used the Internet for health information in ... one-third of those with incomes below the poverty level (66.3 versus 29.2 percent, respectively). ...

40

Frambu Health Centre: Promoting Family Focused Care for Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes services of the Frambu Health Centre in Norway, which has evolved during the past 30 years from a summer camp for children with poliomyelitis to a modern information and treatment center for families with disabled members, and offers fortnightly courses for patients with rare congenital and/or hereditary disorders. (Author/MC)

Storhaug, Kari; Vandvik, Inger Helene

1983-01-01

41

Health Information in Hindi (??????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ???? (Hindi) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Head Lice Head Lice ?????? (Hindi) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations ... PDF Health Information Translations K Return to top Kidney Diseases IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram) ?????? (Hindi) Bilingual ...

42

[Juvenile obesity with a focus on health promotion: integrative review].  

PubMed

This integrative review summarizes nursing researches that contribute to study juvenile obesity with a focus on health promotion. 20 articles were identified in a bibliographical survey that followed the criteria: date, language, and the descriptors: nursing, adolescent, obesity and health promotion. The Pediatric Nursing Journal published seven of these papers (35%). Indexed papers were published in the last ten years in Portuguese and English. Results showed the construction of scientific knowledge in nursing that developed health promotion strategies in cases of juvenile obesity, thus contributing to the development of the profession. Showing the cumulative risk that juvenile obesity presents of turning subjects into obese adults is a precious resource to plan nursing actions for this population, and for these actions to achieve effective results. PMID:21988003

Luna, Izaildo Tavares; Moreira, Rosa Aparecida Nogueira; da Silva, Kelanne Lima; Caetano, Joselany Afio; Pinheiro, Patrícia Neyva da Costa; Rebouças, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida

2011-06-01

43

Health information seeking in the information society.  

PubMed

This article is the second student contribution to the Dissertations into Practice feature. It reports on a study that investigated the everyday health information-seeking practices of a small group of the 'general public' and the implications for information-seeking theory and health information provision. The first student article, about the implementation of radio frequency identification (RFID) in a hospital library, was very different, and the two articles illustrate the broad spectrum of possible subjects for the Dissertations into Practice feature. This study was conducted in summer 2011 by Abir Mukherjee for his MSc dissertation in the Library and Information Sciences programme at City University London. Further information and copies of the full dissertation may be obtained from Abir Mukherjee or David Bawden. AM. PMID:22925387

Mukherjee, Abir; Bawden, David

2012-09-01

44

Information technology in primary health care.  

PubMed

Appropriate application of information technology in primary health care will extend traditional diagnosis and patient management beyond the doctor's clinic into the everyday living environment. We describe a model of information management in primary health care, and place special emphasis on the emerging areas of clinical decision support, computerised clinical measurements, patient education and network connectivity. Briefly discussed is the design of innovative home monitoring techniques and a telemedicine based communications infrastructure that should improve access to high quality primary health care for all citizens, irrespective of their distance from major urban centres. A preliminary design for a telemedicine-assisted primary health care network is presented, based on this model of information management. The premise is that improvements in health care services and reductions in health care costs can be effected by establishing a continuum of patient care from the patient's home, to the doctor's surgery, to speciality services in hospitals and to other service providers in the health care sector. While, the proposal focuses on new opportunities arising from the imminent introduction of broad band interactive fibre optic networks throughout Australia, the technology and projected data transfers could easily be handled in the short-term using modem access to the standard telephone network. A simple connectivity scheme for system integration is also presented. PMID:10471237

Lovell, N H; Celler, B G

1999-07-01

45

The Role of Health Literacy and Social Networks in Arthritis Patients' Health Information-Seeking Behavior: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Patients engage in health information-seeking behaviour to maintain their wellbeing and to manage chronic diseases such as arthritis. Health literacy allows patients to understand available treatments and to critically appraise information they obtain from a wide range of sources. Aims. To explore how arthritis patients' health literacy affects engagement in arthritis-focused health information-seeking behaviour and the selection of sources of health information available through their informal social network. Methods. An exploratory, qualitative study consisting of one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Twenty participants with arthritis were recruited from community organizations. The interviews were designed to elicit participants' understanding about their arthritis and arthritis medication and to determine how the participants' health literacy informed selection of where they found information about their arthritis and pain medication. Results. Participants with low health literacy were less likely to be engaged with health information-seeking behaviour. Participants with intermediate health literacy were more likely to source arthritis-focused health information from newspapers, television, and within their informal social network. Those with high health literacy sourced information from the internet and specialist health sources and were providers of information within their informal social network. Conclusion. Health professionals need to be aware that levels of engagement in health information-seeking behaviour and sources of arthritis-focused health information may be related to their patients' health literacy. PMID:22997575

Ellis, Janette; Mullan, Judy; Worsley, Anthony; Pai, Nagesh

2012-01-01

46

Health & Nutrition Information for Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women  

MedlinePLUS

... and Breastfeeding Women Health & Nutrition Information for Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women Health & Nutrition Information for Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women When you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you ...

47

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

PubMed Central

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility of social media-based health education and communication will improve as technology developers and public health officials determine ways to improve information accuracy and address privacy concerns. PMID:24465171

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2014-01-01

48

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY. Understanding Your Health Record/Information Each time you visit or treatment. This information, often referred to as your health or medical record, serves as: · A basis

Arnold, Jonathan

49

Online information retrieval systems and health professionals.  

PubMed

The following paper presents a scientific contribution that explores the clinicians' use of online information retrieval systems for their clinical decision making. Particularly, the research focuses on the ability of doctors and nurses in seeking information through MEDLINE and ScienceDirect. The research process took place by an electronic form consisted of five clinical scenarios and an evaluation sheet. The results testify that only a small percent of clinicians use the recommended electronic bibliographic databasesand take the right clinical decision to the scenarios. Health professionals have to be educated in information searching and take advantage from the provided literature taking more useful and reliable answers on their clinical questions. PMID:25000037

Lialiou, Pascalina; Mantas, John

2014-01-01

50

OCCAM - Health Information  

Cancer.gov

Contact Us | Sitemap CAM at the NCI NCI CAM History Highlights of NCI CAM Activities NCI CAM Annual Report Research Funding Opportunities Grant Application Information Research Resources Funded Research Research Results Training Opportunities FAQ's

51

Health Information Retrieval Tool (HIRT)  

PubMed Central

The World Wide Web (WWW) is a powerful way to deliver on-line health information, but one major problem limits its value to consumers: content is highly distributed, while relevant and high quality information is often difficult to find. To address this issue, we experimented with an approach that utilizes three-dimensional anatomic models in conjunction with free-text search.

Nyun, Mra Thinzar; Ogunyemi, Omolola; Zeng, Qing

2002-01-01

52

An Examination of Health Information Management by the Deaf  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how Deaf people perceive, access, and utilize interpersonal and media sources for health information. In light of the scarcity of research on health information management among this group, a two-phase study was conducted that included eight focus groups (N=39) and survey data (N=366) with Deaf participants to determine the…

Karras, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

53

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2011-10-01

54

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

... 2014-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION...

2014-10-01

55

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2013-10-01

56

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created, maintained, and exchanged...170.210 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION...

2012-10-01

57

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

58

Physicians' opinions of a health information exchange  

PubMed Central

Background Arizona Medicaid developed a Health Information Exchange (HIE) system called the Arizona Medical Information Exchange (AMIE). Objective To evaluate physicians' perceptions regarding AMIE's impact on health outcomes and healthcare costs. Measurements A focus-group guide was developed and included five domains: perceived impact of AMIE on (1) quality of care; (2) workflow and efficiency; (3) healthcare costs; (4) system usability; and (5) AMIE data content. Qualitative data were analyzed using analytical coding. Results A total of 29 clinicians participated in the study. The attendance rate was 66% (N=19) for the first and last month of focus-group meetings and 52% (N=15) for the focus group meetings conducted during the second month. The benefits most frequently mentioned during the focus groups included: (1) identification of “doctor shopping”; (2) averting duplicative testing; and (3) increased efficiency of clinical information gathering. The most frequent disadvantage mentioned was the limited availability of data in the AMIE system. Conclusion Respondents reported that AMIE had the potential to improve care, but they felt that AMIE impact was limited due to the data available. PMID:21106994

Warholak, Terri L; Murcko, Anita C; Slack, Marion; Malone, Daniel C

2010-01-01

59

Translating Family-Focused Prevention Science into Public Health Impact  

PubMed Central

Underage drinking is a pervasive problem in the United States, with serious consequences for youth, families, communities, and society as a whole. Family-focused preventive interventions for children and adolescents have shown potential for reducing underage drinking and other problem behaviors. Research findings indicate that clear advances have been made, in terms of both the number of evidence-based interventions available, and in the quality of the methods used to evaluate them. To fully reap the benefits of such preventive interventions and achieve public health impact, the findings of family-focused preventive intervention science must be translated into real-world, community practices. This type of translation can be enhanced through four sets of translational impact factors—effectiveness of interventions, extensiveness of their population coverage, efficiency of interventions, and engagement of eligible populations, with sustained quality intervention implementation. Findings from studies conducted by researchers at the Partnerships in Prevention Science Institute and other empirical work highlight the importance of these factors. A model for community–university partnerships has been developed that potentially can facilitate the dissemination and public health impact of universal interventions to prevent underage drinking and other problem behaviors. This model fits well within a comprehensive strategic framework for promoting effective prevention. PMID:22330218

Spoth, Richard L.; Schainker, Lisa M.; Hiller-Sturmhöefel, Susanne

2011-01-01

60

The Health Management Information System in Primary Health Care: The Palestinian Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management capabilities and performance of primary health care (PHC) can be improved by strengthening the information system. This study focuses on the Palestinian Health Management Information System (HMIS), used in PHC and reports on the achievements and shortcomings. A retrospective review and content analysis of the HMIS documentation was carried out and a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT)

Tayser Abu Mourad; Mohammed A. Afifi; Suzanne Shashaa; Dimitris Kounalakis; Christos Lionis; Anastas Philalithis

61

Online Information Search Strategies: A Focus On Flights and Accommodations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the research was to understand information search strategies that individuals utilized in online travel product purchases. Two products, flights and accommodations, were selected to examine each product's explanatory variables in online purchase behaviors. The results indicate online flight purchasers utilize direct information sources and focus on transactional attributes. Online accommodation purchasers utilize various types of sources; and

Soo Hyun Jun; Christine A. Vogt; Kelly J. MacKay

2010-01-01

62

A Personalized Health Information Retrieval System  

PubMed Central

Consumers face barriers when seeking health information on the Internet. A Personalized Health Information Retrieval System (PHIRS) is proposed to recommend health information for consumers. The system consists of four modules: (1) User modeling module captures user’s preference and health interests; (2) Automatic quality filtering module identifies high quality health information; (3) Automatic text difficulty rating module classifies health information into professional or patient educational materials; and (4) User profile matching module tailors health information for individuals. The initial results show that PHIRS could assist consumers with simple search strategies. PMID:16779435

Wang, Yunli; Liu, Zhenkai

2005-01-01

63

Ontology-Driven Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following an architecture vision such as the Generic Component Model (GCM) architecture fra mework, health information systems for supporting personalized care have to be based on a component-oriented architecture. Representing concepts and their interrelations, the GCM perspectives syste m architecture, domains, and development process can be described by the domains' ontologies. The paper introduces ontology principles, ontology references to the

Bernd BLOBEL; Frank OEMIG

2009-01-01

64

Health Care Information and Communications Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delivery of health care in any country is complicated by a variety of circumstances owing to characteristic organisation of health care. Information is central to health care delivery, meaning information and communications technology (ICT) offer considerable promise. Yet there are several barriers to successful health care ICT deployment. This article outlines the promises and challenges facing both governments and health

Robin Gauld

2005-01-01

65

The impact of health information technology on the quality of medical and health care: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to systematically review the published evidence of the impact of health information technology (HIT) or health information systems (HIS) on the quality of healthcare, focusing on clinicians' adherence to evidence-based guidelines and the corresponding impact this had on patient clinical outcomes. The review covered the use of health information technologies and systems in both

Aziz Jamal; Kirsten McKenzie; Michele Clark

2009-01-01

66

Informal payments and the quality of health care: Mechanisms revealed by Tanzanian health workers.  

PubMed

Informal payments for health services are common in many transitional and developing countries. The aim of this paper is to investigate the nature of informal payments in the health sector of Tanzania and to identify mechanisms through which informal payments may affect the quality of health care. Our focus is on the effect of informal payments on health worker behaviours, in particular the interpersonal dynamics among health workers at their workplaces. We organised eight focus groups with 58 health workers representing different cadres and levels of care in one rural and one urban district in Tanzania. We found that health workers at all levels receive informal payments in a number of different contexts. Health workers sometimes share the payments received, but only partially, and more rarely within the cadre than across cadres. Our findings indicate that health workers are involved in 'rent-seeking' activities, such as creating artificial shortages and deliberately lowering the quality of service, in order to extract extra payments from patients or to bargain for a higher share of the payments received by their colleagues. The discussions revealed that many health workers think that the distribution of informal payments is grossly unfair. The findings suggest that informal payments can impact negatively on the quality of health care through rent-seeking behaviours and through frustrations created by the unfair allocation of payments. Interestingly, the presence of corruption may also induce non-corrupt workers to reduce the quality of care. Positive impacts can occur because informal payments may induce health workers to increase their efforts, and maybe more so if there is competition among health workers about receiving the payments. Moreover, informal payments add to health workers' incomes and might thus contribute to retention of health workers within the health sector. PMID:20709420

Mæstad, Ottar; Mwisongo, Aziza

2011-02-01

67

Informal Care and Caregiver's Health.  

PubMed

This study aims to measure the causal effect of informal caregiving on the health and health care use of women who are caregivers, using instrumental variables. We use data from South Korea, where daughters and daughters-in-law are the prevalent source of caregivers for frail elderly parents and parents-in-law. A key insight of our instrumental variable approach is that having a parent-in-law with functional limitations increases the probability of providing informal care to that parent-in-law, but a parent-in-law's functional limitation does not directly affect the daughter-in-law's health. We compare results for the daughter-in-law and daughter samples to check the assumption of the excludability of the instruments for the daughter sample. Our results show that providing informal care has significant adverse effects along multiple dimensions of health for daughter-in-law and daughter caregivers in South Korea. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24753386

Do, Young Kyung; Norton, Edward C; Stearns, Sally C; Van Houtven, Courtney Harold

2015-02-01

68

Informed consent with a focus on islamic views.  

PubMed

For at least 50 years informed consent in medicine has focused on the principle of autonomy. Recently, attention has been given to informed consent being a shared decision. A primary mandate to do what is in the best interest of the patient still remains. The shared view looks to expand beyond the dyadic image of doctor and patient, to acknowledge the essential contribution to be made to informed consent from the cultural, religious, and personal values. This paper explores some of the cultural aspects of Islam that should influence informed consent. PMID:23610513

Packer, Samuel

2011-12-01

69

Mental Health Services for Children; Focus: The Community Mental Health Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to help the emotionally disturbed is discussed with a focus on community mental health centers. Psychiatric services described are diagnosis, inpatient care, day care, outpatient care, emergency care, continuity of care and services, and care adjusted to age groupings ranging from infancy to adolescence. Aspects of the community goal of…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Center for Studies of Child and Family Mental Health.

70

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

PubMed Central

Background Improving health in our nation requires strengthening four major domains of the health care system: personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and health-related research. Many avoidable shortcomings in the health sector that result in poor quality are due to inaccessible data, information, and knowledge. A national health information infrastructure (NHII) offers the connectivity and knowledge management essential to correct these shortcomings. Better health and a better health system are within our reach. Discussion A national health information infrastructure for the United States should address the needs of personal health management, health care delivery, public health, and research. It should also address relevant global dimensions (e.g., standards for sharing data and knowledge across national boundaries). The public and private sectors will need to collaborate to build a robust national health information infrastructure, essentially a 'paperless' health care system, for the United States. The federal government should assume leadership for assuring a national health information infrastructure as recommended by the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics and the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee. Progress is needed in the areas of funding, incentives, standards, and continued refinement of a privacy (i.e., confidentiality and security) framework to facilitate personal identification for health purposes. Particular attention should be paid to NHII leadership and change management challenges. Summary A national health information infrastructure is a necessary step for improved health in the U.S. It will require a concerted, collaborative effort by both public and private sectors. If you cannot measure it, you cannot improve it. Lord Kelvin PMID:12525262

Detmer, Don E

2003-01-01

71

Focus information is used to interpret binocular images  

PubMed Central

Focus information—blur and accommodation—is highly correlated with depth in natural viewing. We examined the use of focus information in solving the binocular correspondence problem and in interpreting monocular occlusions. We presented transparent scenes consisting of two planes. Observers judged the slant of the farther plane, which was seen through the nearer plane. To do this, they had to solve the correspondence problem. In one condition, the two planes were presented with sharp rendering on one image plane, as is done in conventional stereo displays. In another condition, the planes were presented on two image planes at different focal distances, simulating focus information in natural viewing. Depth discrimination performance improved significantly when focus information was correct, which shows that the visual system utilizes the information contained in depth-of-field blur in solving binocular correspondence. In a second experiment, we presented images in which one eye could see texture behind an occluder that the other eye could not see. When the occluder's texture was sharp along with the occluded texture, binocular rivalry was prominent. When the occluded and occluding textures were presented with different blurs, rivalry was significantly reduced. This shows that blur aids the interpretation of scene layout near monocular occlusions. PMID:20616139

Hoffman, David M.; Banks, Martin S.

2011-01-01

72

Using Health Information Exchange to Improve Public Health  

PubMed Central

Public health relies on data reported by health care partners, and information technology makes such reporting easier than ever. However, data are often structured according to a variety of different terminologies and formats, making data interfaces complex and costly. As one strategy to address these challenges, health information organizations (HIOs) have been established to allow secure, integrated sharing of clinical information among numerous stakeholders, including clinical partners and public health, through health information exchange (HIE). We give detailed descriptions of 11 typical cases in which HIOs can be used for public health purposes. We believe that HIOs, and HIE in general, can improve the efficiency and quality of public health reporting, facilitate public health investigation, improve emergency response, and enable public health to communicate information to the clinical community. PMID:21330598

Mostashari, Farzad; Hripcsak, George; Soulakis, Nicholas; Kuperman, Gilad

2011-01-01

73

Pathway to Support the Sustainable National Health Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heath information across geographically distributed healthcare centers has been recognized as an essential resource that drives an efficient national health-care plan. There is thus a need for the National Health Information System (NHIS) that provides the transparent and secure access to health information from different healthcare centers both on demand and in a time efficient manner. As healthiness is the ultimate goal of people and nation, we believe that the NHIS should be sustainable by taking the healthcare center and information consumer perspectives into account. Several issues in particular must be resolved altogether: (i) the diversity of health information structures among healthcare centers; (ii) the availability of health information sharing from healthcare centers; (iii) the efficient information access to various healthcare centers; and (iv) the privacy and privilege of heath information. To achieve the sustainable NHIS, this paper details our work which is divided into 3 main phases. Essentially, the first phase focuses on the application of metadata standard to enable the interoperability and usability of health information across healthcare centers. The second phase moves forward to make information sharing possible and to provide an efficient information access to a large number of healthcare centers. Finally, in the third phase, the privacy and privilege of health information is promoted with respect to access rights of information consumers.

Sahavechaphan, Naiyana; Phengsuwan, Jedsada; U-Ruekolan, Suriya; Aroonrua, Kamron; Ponhan, Jukrapong; Harnsamut, Nattapon; Vannarat, Sornthep

74

IPPF focuses on advocacy. Advocacy for reproductive health: worldwide.  

PubMed

The International Planned Parenthood Federation has been advocating human rights since its establishment in 1952. Since the adoption of its global strategic plan, Vision 2000, it has dealt with advocacy in a more systematic manner. Advocacy aims to gain broader support for a cause. In family planning and reproductive health, advocacy is important in counteracting conservative opposition movements. Its most effective tool is high-quality information and services for meeting people's needs. Its target groups are women's groups, youth organizations, parliamentarians, media representatives, and religious leaders. Information, education, and communication (IEC) campaigns differ from advocacy, because the latter is deliberately persuasive and campaign-oriented. An Advocacy Working Group was convened by IPPF and an Advocacy Guide was produced in 1995. Advocacy is needed for the promotion of sexual and reproductive health in the face of opposition from traditional and cultural forces represented by small, vocal, well-financed and organized groups. In 1984 they succeeded in halting funding for IPPF by the United States. This made IPPF resolute in strategic planning and setting goals as contained in Vision 2000. The goals include advocacy for family planning, the prevention of unsafe abortion, women's empowerment, the involvement of youth, the responsibility of men for family life, and the improvement of the status of the female child. The IPPF's 1985 Central Council discussed new initiatives and an Issues Manual was published. The 1989 Members' Assembly held a seminar on critical issues in advocating family planning. A further 1993 resolution urged support for advocacy initiatives. A Public Response Guide was published in 1991 and Language Guidelines were also produced for correct family planning terminology. In addition, an Interregional Training Workshop was held in London in 1995 on the use of the Advocacy Guide. Recommendations were also submitted by participants for advocacy programs and for future training. PMID:12291095

Puri, S; Ketting, E

1996-01-01

75

Health Information in Arabic (???????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... English (Arabic) ?????????? -- ????? ?????????? ????? - ??????? Multimedia Patient Education Institute Blood Transfusion and Donation Receiving Blood Transfusions (Arabic) ??????? Bilingual PDF Health Information ...

76

Understanding informal payments in health care: motivation of health workers in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background There is growing evidence that informal payments for health care are fairly common in many low- and middle-income countries. Informal payments are reported to have a negative consequence on equity and quality of care; it has been suggested, however, that they may contribute to health worker motivation and retention. Given the significance of motivation and retention issues in human resources for health, a better understanding of the relationships between the two phenomena is needed. This study attempts to assess whether and in what ways informal payments occur in Kibaha, Tanzania. Moreover, it aims to assess how informal earnings might help boost health worker motivation and retention. Methods Nine focus groups were conducted in three health facilities of different levels in the health system. In total, 64 health workers participated in the focus group discussions (81% female, 19% male) and where possible, focus groups were divided by cadre. All data were processed and analysed by means of the NVivo software package. Results The use of informal payments in the study area was confirmed by this study. Furthermore, a negative relationship between informal payments and job satisfaction and better motivation is suggested. Participants mentioned that they felt enslaved by patients as a result of being bribed and this resulted in loss of self-esteem. Furthermore, fear of detection was a main demotivating factor. These factors seem to counterbalance the positive effect of financial incentives. Moreover, informal payments were not found to be related to retention of health workers in the public health system. Other factors such as job security seemed to be more relevant for retention. Conclusion This study suggests that the practice of informal payments contributes to the general demotivation of health workers and negatively affects access to health care services and quality of the health system. Policy action is needed that not only provides better financial incentives for individuals but also tackles an environment in which corruption is endemic. PMID:19566926

Stringhini, Silvia; Thomas, Steve; Bidwell, Posy; Mtui, Tina; Mwisongo, Aziza

2009-01-01

77

Facilitating consumer access to health information.  

PubMed

The lead paper from Zelmer and Hagens details the substantive evolution occurring in health information technologies that has the potential to transform the relationship between consumers, health practitioners and health systems. In this commentary, the authors suggest that Canada is experiencing a shift in consumer behaviour toward a desire to actively manage one's health and wellness that is being facilitated through the advent of health applications on mobile and online technologies platforms. The result is that Canadians are now able to create personalized health solutions based on their individual health values and goals. However, before Canadians are able to derive a personal health benefit from these rapid changes in information technology, they require and are increasingly demanding greater real-time access to their own health information to better inform decision-making, as well as interoperability between their personal health tracking systems and those of their health practitioner team. PMID:25148122

Snowdon, Anne; Schnarr, Karin; Alessi, Charles

2014-01-01

78

User-Focus Based Personalization Recommendation for Text Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Personalization recommendation (PR) is an important feature of future search engine. It is a valid method for lightening the\\u000a user’s burden on information retrieval. This paper presents a new approach for PR based on user-focus. To construct user-focus\\u000a for a user, a new algorithm WeightedFP for mining weighted frequent item set is given. The transactions for WeightedFP to\\u000a be dealt

Zhenya Zhang; Enhong Chen; Jin Wang; Xufa Wang

2004-01-01

79

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

80

Committee opinion no. 621: patient safety and health information technology.  

PubMed

: The advantages of health information technology (IT) include facilitating communication between health care providers; improving medication safety, tracking, and reporting; and promoting quality of care through optimized access to and adherence to guidelines. Health IT systems permit the collection of data for use for quality management, outcome reporting, and public health disease surveillance and reporting. However, improvement is needed with all health IT, especially regarding design, implementation, and integration between platforms within the work environment. Robust interoperability is critical for safe care, but this goal has proved elusive. Significant patient safety concerns already have been recognized; it is important to keep patient safety and quality as the primary focus. PMID:25560146

2015-01-01

81

What young people want from health-related online resources: a focus group study.  

PubMed

The growth of the Internet as an information source about health, particularly amongst young people, is well established. The aim of this study was to explore young people's perceptions and experiences of engaging with health-related online content, particularly through social media websites. Between February and July 2011 nine focus groups were facilitated across Scotland with young people aged between 14 and 18 years. Health-related user-generated content seems to be appreciated by young people as a useful, if not always trustworthy, source of accounts of other people's experiences. The reliability and quality of both user-generated content and official factual content about health appear to be concerns for young people, and they employ specialised strategies for negotiating both areas of the online environment. Young people's engagement with health online is a dynamic area for research. Their perceptions and experiences of health-related content seem based on their wider familiarity with the online environment and, as the online environment develops, so too do young people's strategies and conventions for accessing it. PMID:24748849

Fergie, Gillian; Hunt, Kate; Hilton, Shona

2013-08-01

82

Health Psychology Exam 1 Learning Objectives 1) Define health psychology and behavioral medicine. What are the four areas of focus  

E-print Network

Health Psychology Exam 1 Learning Objectives 1. Chapter 1 1) Define health psychology and behavioral medicine. What are the four areas of focus in Health Psychology? 2) Describe how philosophical) Explain what factors contributed to the rise of health psychology. Include discussion of changing patterns

Meagher, Mary

83

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE® for information literacy education (SMILE): a dental public health information project.  

PubMed

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of "power information users" among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provided public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel. PMID:22040242

Gaines, Julie K; Levy, Linda S; Cogdill, Keith W

2011-01-01

84

Reducing the health disparities of Indigenous Australians: time to change focus  

PubMed Central

Background Indigenous peoples have worse health than non-Indigenous, are over-represented amongst the poor and disadvantaged, have lower life expectancies, and success in improving disparities is limited. To address this, research usually focuses on disadvantaged and marginalised groups, offering only partial understanding of influences underpinning slow progress. Critical analysis is also required of those with the power to perpetuate or improve health inequities. In this paper, using Australia as a case example, we explore the effects of ‘White’, Anglo-Australian cultural dominance in health service delivery to Indigenous Australians. We address the issue using race as an organising principle, underpinned by relations of power. Methods Interviews with non-Indigenous medical practitioners in Western Australia with extensive experience in Indigenous health encouraged reflection and articulation of their insights into factors promoting or impeding quality health care to Indigenous Australians. Interviews were audio-taped and transcribed. An inductive, exploratory analysis identified key themes that were reviewed and interrogated in light of existing literature on health care to Indigenous people, race and disadvantage. The researchers’ past experience, knowledge and understanding of health care and Indigenous health assisted with data interpretation. Informal discussions were also held with colleagues working professionally in Indigenous policy, practice and community settings. Results Racism emerged as a key issue, leading us to more deeply interrogate the role ‘Whiteness’ plays in Indigenous health care. While Whiteness can refer to skin colour, it also represents a racialized social structure where Indigenous knowledge, beliefs and values are subjugated to the dominant western biomedical model in policy and practice. Racism towards Indigenous patients in health services was institutional and interpersonal. Internalised racism was manifest when Indigenous patients incorporated racist attitudes and beliefs into their lived experience, lowering expectations and their sense of self-worth. Conclusions Current health policies and practices favour standardised care where the voice of those who are marginalised is often absent. Examining the effectiveness of such models in reducing health disparities requires health providers to critically reflect on whether policies and practices promote or compromise Indigenous health and wellbeing - an important step in changing the discourse that places Indigenous people at the centre of the problem. PMID:22682494

2012-01-01

85

Informal payments in government health facilities in Albania: Results of a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants

Taryn Vian; Kristina Grybosk; Zamira Sinoimeri; Rachel Hall

2006-01-01

86

Bridging Organizational Divides in Health Care: An Ecological View of Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Background The fragmented nature of health care delivery in the United States leads to fragmented health information and impedes patient care continuity and safety. Technologies to support interorganizational health information exchange (HIE) are becoming more available. Understanding how HIE technology changes health care delivery and affects people and organizations is crucial to long-term successful implementation. Objective Our study investigated the impacts of HIE technology on organizations, health care providers, and patients through a new, context-aware perspective, the Regional Health Information Ecology. Methods We conducted more than 180 hours of direct observation, informal interviews during observation, and 9 formal semi-structured interviews. Data collection focused on workflow and information flow among health care team members and patients and on health care provider use of HIE technology. Results We structured the data analysis around five primary information ecology components: system, locality, diversity, keystone species, and coevolution. Our study identified three main roles, or keystone species, involved in HIE: information consumers, information exchange facilitators, and information repositories. The HIE technology impacted patient care by allowing providers direct access to health information, reducing time to obtain health information, and increasing provider awareness of patient interactions with the health care system. Developing the infrastructure needed to support HIE technology also improved connections among information technology support groups at different health care organizations. Despite the potential of this type of technology to improve continuity of patient care, HIE technology adoption by health care providers was limited. Conclusions To successfully build a HIE network, organizations had to shift perspectives from an ownership view of health data to a continuity of care perspective. To successfully integrate external health information into clinical work practices, health care providers had to move toward understanding potential contributions of external health information. Our study provides a foundation for future context-aware development and implementation of HIE technology. Integrating concepts from the Regional Health Information Ecology into design and implementation may lead to wider diffusion and adoption of HIE technology into clinical work.

Johnson, Kevin B; Gadd, Cynthia S; Lorenzi, Nancy M

2013-01-01

87

Accelerating Public Health Situational Awareness through Health Information Exchanges: An Annotated Bibliography  

PubMed Central

In 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention awarded contracts to health information exchanges in Indiana, New York and Washington/Idaho to accelerate public health situational awareness. Awardees in each state have disseminated their findings and lessons at professional conferences and in peer-reviewed journals. The dissemination formats ranged from papers, oral presentations, posters, panels and demonstrations at interoperability showcases. With a focus on health information exchange and public health, topics included biosurveillance, electronic laboratory reporting, broadcast messaging, and notifiable disease surveillance. Each presentation is summarized in this bibliography, and the authors affiliated with each site are highlighted. PMID:23569582

Revere, Debra; Stevens, Kevin C.

2010-01-01

88

Consumer health information: libraries as partners.  

PubMed Central

The need for consumer health information delivery is becoming more evident to librarians. The results of a user survey at a large medical center library and a metropolitan public library confirm that the general public is making demands for health information at both types of libraries. Issues facing librarians are discussed; roles are suggested for public libraries, for academic health sciences libraries, and for hospital libraries. The importance of library involvement in the delivery of consumer health information is emphasized. Librarians are urged to define a role for themselves and to work hard at identifying the library profession to all others involved in the delivery of consumer health information. PMID:7362923

Eakin, D; Jackson, S J; Hannigan, G G

1980-01-01

89

Shortcomings of health information on the Internet.  

PubMed

Disseminating health and medical information on the Internet can improve knowledge transfer from health professionals to the population, and help individuals to maintain and improve their health. There are currently several medical information websites that directly target the general population with the aim of providing information about health problems, self-care and prevention. However, this new technology also hides several shortcomings, such as: (i) uneven quality of medical information available on the Internet; (ii) difficulties in finding, understanding and using this information; (iii) lack of access for the unconnected population; and (iv) the potential for harm and risks of over-consumption. To be able to overcome these dangers, it is important that public health practitioners and health professionals be involved in the design, dissemination and evaluation of Web-based health and medical information. PMID:14695369

Benigeri, Mike; Pluye, Pierre

2003-12-01

90

Protecting health information on mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile applications running on devices such as smart phones and tablets will be increasingly used to provide convenient access to health information to health professionals and patients. Also, patients will use these devices to transmit health information captured by sensing devices in settings like the home to remote repositories. As mobile devices become targets of security threats, we must address

Musheer Ahmed; Mustaque Ahamad

2012-01-01

91

[Health Information Technology -where are we heading?].  

PubMed

The current issue of "Harefuah" dedicates a special corner to Health Information Technology (HIT), with a collection of five review papers discussing different areas of the field, focusing on its benefits to the quality of healthcare. In the first paper Topaz and Ash describe the United States MeaningfuL Use project, and list the lessons that the Israeli health system should learn from it. Zelingher and Ash analyze the decision of the Israeli Ministry of Health to move from the old coding system of ICD-9-CM to a combination of SNOMED-CT as a clinical terminology system and ICD-10-CM as the classification coding system. The authors conclude that achieving a standardized, homogenous and thorough coding of problems, diagnoses and procedures will enable interoperability in the Israeli health system. Shalom et al present us to the world of computerized clinical guidelines. They review the different projects that aim to bring tools and methods to transform the paper based guidelines to computer programs that support the everyday decisions that physicians take regarding their patients. The authors focus on their experience in developing methodology, tools and a library of computerized guidelines, and describe their evaluation in several projects. Shahar et al dive deeper to describe the challenge of representing time in cLinicaL guidelines and creating tools to discover new knowledge based on represented known knowledge. These two papers demonstrate the meaningful use of medicaL data. In the last article, Siegal addresses some legal concerns evolving from the HIT revolution, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, aspects of medical risk management and management of national health system resources. In the judgment of the Israeli court, a medical organization will possibly have to take the responsibiLity of not implementing a proven HIT system. This paper concludes with descriptions of two studies evaluating health information systems in Israel. These studies will be presented at the forthcoming conference of the IsraeLi Association of Medical Informatics (ILAMI). PMID:23885446

Ash, Nachman; Levy, Ilan

2013-05-01

92

Primary Sources of Health Information: Comparisons in the Domain of Health Attitudes, Health Cognitions, and Health Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent growth in consumer autonomy in health care accompanied by the surge in the use of new media for health information gathering has led to an increasing schol- arly interest in understanding the consumer health information search construct. This article explores consumer health information seeking in the realm of the primary sources of health information used by consumers. Based

Mohan J. Dutta-Bergman

2004-01-01

93

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

94

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

95

The Teen Health Information Network (THINK).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Teen Health Information Network (THINK), a grant-funded partnership of Aurora, Illinois, public libraries, schools, and community agencies to provide materials, information, and programming on issues related to teen health. Seven appendixes provide detailed information on survey results, collection evaluation and development,…

Kuzel, Judith; Erickson, Su

1995-01-01

96

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation  

E-print Network

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation Elaine Byrne in supporting primary health care functioning, the design, development and implementation of these systems care, especially in the context of developing countries, a very challenging task. An important step

Sahay, Sundeep

97

Usability and perceived usefulness of Personal Health Records for preventive health care: a case study focusing on patients' and primary care providers' perspectives.  

PubMed

Personal Health Records (PHR) are electronic applications for individuals to access, manage and share their health information in a secure environment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and usability of a Web-based PHR technology aimed at improving preventive care, from both the patients' and primary care providers' perspectives. We conducted a multi-method descriptive study that included direct observations, concurrent think-aloud, surveys, interviews and focus groups in a suburban primary care clinic. Patients found the tailored health recommendations useful and the PHR easy to understand and use. They also reported asking useful health-related questions to their physicians because of using the system. Generally, care providers were interested in using the system due to its useful content and impact on patient activation. Future successful systems should be better integrated with hospital records; put more emphasis on system security; and offer more tailored health information based on comprehensive health databases. PMID:24119975

Ant Ozok, A; Wu, Huijuan; Garrido, Melissa; Pronovost, Peter J; Gurses, Ayse P

2014-05-01

98

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners. PMID:21852633

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

99

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF HEALTH INFORMATION I authorize: To release health information to  

E-print Network

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF HEALTH INFORMATION I authorize: To release health information to: Fax: Berkeley, CA 94720-4300 Please specify the health information you authorize to be released: Type of this release: The following information will not be released unless you specifically authorize it by initialing

Kammen, Daniel M.

100

Requirements for information and imaging standards in Health Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning, designing and efficiently managing health information systems (HIS) requires introduction of key technologies for successful operation. Information and communication technologies, could dramatically contribute to achieve better results in such activities. Health information exchange processes require stringent procedures and interoperability. It is of utmost importance to introduce key standards thus ensuring high level of confidence in such systems. Usage of

M. Kovac; Dragan Schwarz; T. Jakopovic

2008-01-01

101

77 FR 27774 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2012-05-11

102

78 FR 7784 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters AGENCY: Government...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2013-02-04

103

78 FR 42945 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy Committee) and...

2013-07-18

104

HealthShare: Achieving secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing through health social networks  

E-print Network

As the ever-increasing demand for a secure and efficient health- care communication, health social networks and wireless communications have revealed the possibility of providing pervasive health monitoring to patientsHealthShare: Achieving secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing through health

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

105

Information, decision-making and health  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of three essays on information, decision-making and health. All three concern the relationship between the choices consumers would make if they were "fully informed" in an appropriate sense and the ...

Abaluck, Jason T

2011-01-01

106

Probiotics and gut health: A special focus on liver diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probiotic bacteria have well-established beneficial ef - fects in the management of diarrhoeal diseases. Newer evidence suggests that probiotics have the potential to reduce the risk of developing inflammatory bowel diseases and intestinal bacterial overgrowth after gut surgery. In liver health, the main benefits of probiotics might occur through preventing the production and\\/or uptake of lipopolysaccharides in the gut, and

Silvia Wilson Gratz; Hannu Mykkanen; Hani S El-Nezami

2010-01-01

107

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

108

Integrating Change Management into Clinical Health Information Technology Project Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of change within a clinical health information technology (HIT) project traditionally focuses on cost, schedule and scope, considered ldquohardrdquo change management (CM). Despite massive funding, clinical HIT projects continue to fail suggesting that the management of risk associated with hard change elements alone, is not effective. The cause of clinical HIT failure is usually attributed to user resistance

Margaret Leyland; Danielle Hunter; James Dietrich

2009-01-01

109

Students' trust judgements in online health information seeking.  

PubMed

As one of the most active groups of Internet users, students and other young people are active users of digital health information. Yet, research into young people's evaluation of health information is limited, and no previous studies have focused on trust formation. In addition, prior studies on adults' use of digital information do not reach a consensus regarding the key factors in trust formation. This study seeks to address this gap. A questionnaire-based survey was used to collect data from undergraduate students studying a variety of disciplines in one UK university. The Trust in Online Health Information Scale is proposed, and it includes the following dimensions: authority, style, content, usefulness, brand, ease of use, recommendation, credibility, and verification. In addition, inspection of responses to specific items/questions provides further insights into aspects of the information that were of specific importance in influencing trust judgements. PMID:25193449

Rowley, Jennifer; Johnson, Frances; Sbaffi, Laura

2014-09-01

110

Health Index Plus: a CD-ROM product for consumer health information.  

PubMed

Health Index Plus, a consumer health information CD-ROM database, was field-tested by staff and patrons at a public library in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Ease-of-use, database content and quality, and appropriateness for audience were evaluated. Overall, patrons found the database simple to use. The contents focus on topics of popular interest and provide access to scientific material that is normally not available or comprehended by many public library users. Although some indexing problems and other shortcomings were noted, the database is recommended for public and other libraries providing consumer health information. PMID:10119007

Alloway, C; Cool, E; Feintuch, S; Giblin, C

1992-01-01

111

Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty at University of Wisconsin-Madison held a welfare reform conference in March 1997. Both the summary and full proceedings of the conference are available. Note that the summary is available in Focus. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was passed on August 22, 1996. The Act "changed the nation's welfare system into one that requires work in exchange for time-limited assistance."

112

Home Health and Informal Care Utilization  

E-print Network

and Sano also are supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Address correspondence to: Carolyn W. Zhu, PhD, Health Economist, GeriatricHome Health and Informal Care Utilization and Costs Over Time in Alzheimer's Disease Carolyn W. Zhu

113

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

114

Data Mining in Health and Medical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to data mining (DM) in health and medical information: the potential of DM in health and medicine; statistical methods; evaluation of methods; DM tools for health and medicine; inductive learning of symbolic rules; application of DM tools in diagnosis and prognosis; and…

Bath, Peter A.

2004-01-01

115

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking  

E-print Network

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 Emilie Renahy 1 Abstract Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

Employers and Health Information in the Workplace  

MedlinePLUS

... The Privacy Rule does not prevent your supervisor, human resources worker or others from asking you for a doctor’s note or other information about your health if your employer needs the information to ... Department of Health & Human Services · 200 Independence Avenue, S.W. · Washington, D.C. ...

117

Semantic Interoperability in Health Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid development of community health information networks raises the issue of semantic interoperability between distributed and heterogeneous components. Indeed, operational health information systems originate from heterogeneous teams of independent developers and have to cooperate in order to exchange data and services. A good cooperation is naturally based on a good understanding of the messages exchanged between the systems. The main

Patrice Degoulet; Dominique Sauquet; Marie-Christine Jaulent; Eric Zapletal; Marion Lavril

118

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

119

Information technology in primary health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appropriate application of information technology in primary health care will extend traditional diagnosis and patient management beyond the doctor’s clinic into the everyday living environment. We describe a model of information management in primary health care, and place special emphasis on the emerging areas of clinical decision support, computerised clinical measurements, patient education and network connectivity. Briefly discussed is the

Nigel H. Lovell; Branko G. Celler

1999-01-01

120

Status of Oregon's Children: 1998 County Data Book. Special Focus: Children's Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Oregon's children, focusing on children's health care. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of well-being including: (1) children's insurance coverage; (2) health care access; (3) health outcomes, including immunization rates and early prenatal care; (4) juvenile…

Children First for Oregon, Portland.

121

Consumer Support for Health Information Exchange and Personal Health Records: A Regional Health Information Organization Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to characterize consumer support for electronic health information exchange (HIE) and personal health records (PHRs)\\u000a in a community where HIE is underway, we conducted a survey of English speaking adults who visited primary care practices\\u000a participating in a regional community-wide clinical data exchange, during August, 2008. Amongst the 117 respondents, a majority\\u000a supported physicians’ use of HIE (83%)

Vaishali N. Patel; Rina V. Dhopeshwarkar; Alison Edwards; Yolanda Barrón; Jeffrey Sparenborg; Rainu Kaushal

122

Health Information Seeking, Receipt, and Use in Diabetes Self-Management  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Diabetes self-management is essential for diabetes control, yet little is known about patient preferences for sources of health information or about the extent to which information is sought directly or received passively through various media sources. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify how individuals with diabetes seek and use health care information. METHODS Using a health information model to guide our research, we conducted 9 focus groups with 46 adults with a diagnosis of diabetes and then analyzed the transcripts and notes from these focus groups. RESULTS Five themes emerged: (1) passive receipt of health information about diabetes is an important aspect of health information behavior; (2) patients weave their own information web depending on their disease trajectory; (3) patients’ personal relationships help them understand and use this information; (4) a relationship with a health care professional is needed to cope with complicated and sometimes conflicting information; and (5) health literacy makes a difference in patients’ ability to understand and use information. CONCLUSIONS Patients make decisions about diabetes self-management depending on their current needs, seeking and incorporating diverse information sources not traditionally viewed as providing health information. Based on our findings, we have developed a new health information model that reflects both the nonlinear nature of health information-seeking behavior and the interplay of both active information seeking and passive receipt of information. PMID:20644188

Longo, Daniel R.; Schubert, Shari L.; Wright, Barbara A.; LeMaster, Joseph; Williams, Casey D.; Clore, John N.

2010-01-01

123

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PUBLIC HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Geographic information,systems (GIS) and analyses based on GIS have become,widespread,and well accepted. GIS is not the complete,solution to understand- ing the distribution of disease and the problems,of public health but is an important way,in which to better illuminate how,humans,interact with their environment,to create or deter health. Public health and health care have been substantially transformed by informa-

Thomas C. Ricketts

2003-01-01

124

The Northwest Public Health Information Exchange’s Accomplishments in Connecting a Health Information Exchange with Public Health  

PubMed Central

In 2007 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Request for Proposal for the “Situational Awareness through Health Information Exchange” project. The Situational Awareness project’s goals are to connect public health with health information exchanges (HIEs) to improve public health’s real-time understanding of communities’ population health and healthcare facility status. During this same time period the Health and Human Services’ Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology released several reports identifying the growing number of communities involved in health information exchange and outlining the requirements for a Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN). CDC saw the possibilities of using HIEs and the NHIN to accelerate the real-time sharing of clinical and facility-based resource utilization information to enhance local, state, regional, and federal public health in responding to and managing potentially catastrophic infectious disease outbreaks and other public health emergencies. HIEs would provide a unified view of a patient across health care providers and would serve as data collection points for clinical and resource utilization data while NHIN services and standards would be used to capture HIE data of importance and send those data to public health. This article discusses how automated syndromic surveillance data feeds have proven more stable and representative than existing surveillance data feeds and summarizes other accomplishments of the Northwest Public Health Information Exchange in its contribution to the advancement of the National agenda for sharing interoperable health information with public health. PMID:23569585

Dobbs, D; Trebatoski, M; Revere, D

2010-01-01

125

Health Information Literacy Outreach: Improving Health Literacy and Access to Reliable Health Information in Rural Oxford County Maine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this health information outreach project was to increase access to health information and improve health literacy in rural Maine. A health literacy curriculum was developed and piloted by teachers and librarians in local schools. Among students who completed the pre-survey (N = 121), 18% said they were confident in their ability to evaluate Web-based health information before participating in

Sabrina Kurtz-Rossi; Patricia Duguay

2010-01-01

126

Shifts in the architecture of the Nationwide Health Information Network  

PubMed Central

In the midst of a US $30 billion USD investment in the Nationwide Health Information Network (NwHIN) and electronic health records systems, a significant change in the architecture of the NwHIN is taking place. Prior to 2010, the focus of information exchange in the NwHIN was the Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO). Since 2010, the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) has been sponsoring policies that promote an internet-like architecture that encourages point to-point information exchange and private health information exchange networks. The net effect of these activities is to undercut the limited business model for RHIOs, decreasing the likelihood of their success, while making the NwHIN dependent on nascent technologies for community level functions such as record locator services. These changes may impact the health of patients and communities. Independent, scientifically focused debate is needed on the wisdom of ONC's proposed changes in its strategy for the NwHIN. PMID:22268218

Sundwall, David; Lenert, Michael Edward

2012-01-01

127

Shifts in the architecture of the Nationwide Health Information Network.  

PubMed

In the midst of a US $30 billion USD investment in the Nationwide Health Information Network (NwHIN) and electronic health records systems, a significant change in the architecture of the NwHIN is taking place. Prior to 2010, the focus of information exchange in the NwHIN was the Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO). Since 2010, the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) has been sponsoring policies that promote an internet-like architecture that encourages point to-point information exchange and private health information exchange networks. The net effect of these activities is to undercut the limited business model for RHIOs, decreasing the likelihood of their success, while making the NwHIN dependent on nascent technologies for community level functions such as record locator services. These changes may impact the health of patients and communities. Independent, scientifically focused debate is needed on the wisdom of ONC's proposed changes in its strategy for the NwHIN. PMID:22268218

Lenert, Leslie; Sundwall, David; Lenert, Michael Edward

2012-01-01

128

Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors  

E-print Network

, etc.). Furthermore, among college students, the existing literature suggests that general health information seeking behavior on the Internet is more prevalent and acceptable among female students, while using the Internet to acquire health related... of health information. They will use a variety of tools in order to provide the best methods to promote health literacy. This means that future health educators will be involved with electronic resources including e-health, the Internet, and assorted...

Hanik, Bruce Walter

2012-07-16

129

Environmental tobacco smoke: health policy and focus on Italian legislation.  

PubMed

Worldwide tobacco smoking kills nearly 6 million people each year, including more than 600,000 non-smokers who die from smoke exposure. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS, also called secondhand smoke, involuntary smoke, or passive smoke) is the combination of sidestream smoke, the smoke given off by a burning tobacco product and mainstream smoke, the smoke exhaled by smokers. People may be exposed to ETS in homes, cars, workplaces, and public places, such as bars, restaurants, and recreational settings. In addition, there is another type of smoke which until now has not been recognized: the so-called thirdhand smoke, that comes from the reaction of mainstream smoke and environmental nitrous acid (HNO2) making carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs). The effects of ETS on human health are well-known, passive smoking is harmful to those who breathe the toxins and it is a serious problem for public health. The smoking ban in Italy had reduced ETS pollution, as in the United States and in other countries all over the world. However, the implementation of comprehensive legislation on smoking policy will necessitate other tobacco control measures for its successful fulfillment: increased media awareness, telephone smoking cessation helplines and smoking cessation support services could be an opportunity to ensure awareness, comprehension and support to those who want to quit smoking. The effectiveness of legislative efforts will also depend on successful enforcement of smoking bans and compliance with the legislation. This review summarizes the evidences about the effect of ETS and provides an overview of smoke-free laws and policies. PMID:24217845

Giraldi, G; Fovi De Ruggiero, G; Marsella, L T; De Luca d'Alessandro, E

2013-01-01

130

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to provide women with authoritative and timely knowledge of a host of womens health issues, the National Womens Health Information Center site (sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services) offers a reliable and thorough overview of hundreds of topics and current news briefs. Health topics on the site (which range from abstinence to yellow fever) are alphabetically listed or can also be located by entering keywords. Visitors to the site can also sign up here to receive weekly health tips via email. Along with featuring information on health topics, other issues affecting women are well-represented here, including domestic violence awareness and body image. Also helpful is the fact that the site is also available in Spanish, which will be useful to Spanish-speaking persons and health professionals working with Spanish speakers.

131

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health’s broad practice into “Five P’s” and link each domain’s historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success. PMID:20351901

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N.

2009-01-01

132

The Impact of Health Information Exchange on Health Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background and Objective Healthcare professionals, industry and policy makers have identified Health Information Exchange (HIE) as a solution to improve patient safety and overall quality of care. The potential benefits of HIE on healthcare have fostered its implementation and adoption in the United States. However,there is a dearth of publications that demonstrate HIE effectiveness. The purpose of this review was to identify and describe evidence of HIE impact on healthcare outcomes. Methods A database search was conducted. The inclusion criteria included original investigations in English that focused on a HIE outcome evaluation. Two independent investigators reviewed the articles. A qualitative coding approach was used to analyze the data. Results Out of 207 abstracts retrieved, five articles met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 3 were randomized controlled trials, 1 involved retrospective review of data, and 1 was a prospective study. We found that HIE benefits on healthcare outcomes are still sparsely evaluated, and that among the measurements used to evaluate HIE healthcare utilization is the most widely used. Conclusions Outcomes evaluation is required to give healthcare providers and policy-makers evidence to incorporate in decision-making processes. This review showed a dearth of HIE outcomes data in the published peer reviewed literature so more research in this area is needed. Future HIE evaluations with different levels of interoperability should incorporate a framework that allows a detailed examination of HIE outcomes that are likely to positively affect care. PMID:23616891

Hincapie, A.; Warholak, T.

2011-01-01

133

Strategic approach to information security and assurance in health research.  

PubMed

Information security and assurance are an increasingly critical issue in health research. Whether health research be in genetics, new drugs, disease outbreaks, biochemistry, or effects of radiation, it deals with information that is highly sensitive and which could be targeted by rogue individuals or groups, corporations, national intelligence agencies, or terrorists, looking for financial, social, or political gains. The advents of the Internet and advances in recent information technologies have also dramatically increased opportunities for attackers to exploit sensitive and valuable information.Government agencies have deployed legislative measures to protect the privacy of health information and developed information security guidelines for epidemiological studies. However, risks are grossly underestimated and little effort has been made to strategically and comprehensively protect health research information by institutions, governments and international communities.There is a need to enforce a set of proactive measures to protect health research information locally and globally. Such measures should be deployed at all levels but will be successful only if research communities collaborate actively, governments enforce appropriate legislative measures at national level, and the international community develops quality standards, concluding treaties if necessary, at the global level.Proactive measures for the best information security and assurance would be achieved through rigorous management process with a cycle of "plan, do, check, and act". Each health research entity, such as hospitals, universities, institutions, or laboratories, should implement this cycle and establish an authoritative security and assurance organization, program and plan coordinated by a designatedChief Security Officer who will ensure implementation of the above process, putting appropriate security controls in place, with key focus areas such aspolicies and best practices, enforcement and certification, risk assessment and audit, monitoring and incident response, awareness and training, and modern protection method and architecture. Governments should enforce a comprehensive scheme, and international health research communities should adopt standardized innovative methods and approaches. PMID:21432132

Akazawa, Shunichi; Igarashi, Manabu; Sawa, Hirofumi; Tamashiro, Hiko

2005-09-01

134

Health Information Technology Knowledge and Skills Needed by HIT Employers  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the health information technology (HIT) workforce knowledge and skills needed by HIT employers. Methods Statewide face-to-face and online focus groups of identified HIT employer groups in Austin, Brownsville, College Station, Dallas, El Paso, Houston, Lubbock, San Antonio, and webinars for rural health and nursing informatics. Results HIT employers reported needing an HIT workforce with diverse knowledge and skills ranging from basic to advanced, while covering information technology, privacy and security, clinical practice, needs assessment, contract negotiation, and many other areas. Consistent themes were that employees needed to be able to learn on the job and must possess the ability to think critically and problem solve. Many employers wanted persons with technical skills, yet also the knowledge and understanding of healthcare operations. Conclusion The HIT employer focus groups provided valuable insight into employee skills needed in this fast-growing field. Additionally, this information will be utilized to develop a statewide HIT workforce needs assessment survey. PMID:23646090

Fenton, S.H.; Gongora-Ferraez, M.J.; Joost, E.

2012-01-01

135

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY...collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information System. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System...

2010-12-08

136

78 FR 38993 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Focus Groups...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information technology. Focus Groups About Drug Products as...0910-0677)--Extension Focus groups provide an important role...attitudes, beliefs, motivations, and feelings than do quantitative studies. Focus groups serve the narrowly...

2013-06-28

137

Health Information in Korean (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... SARS)??????? - ??? (Korean) PDF Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CT Scans CT (Computerized Tomography) Scan CT ?? (??? ????) - ??? (Korean) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations D ... Diabetes 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life ??? (Korean) Bilingual PDF ...

138

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... English SARS???????? - ??? (Japanese) PDF Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CT Scans CT (Computerized Tomography) Scan CT (??????????) ???? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations D Return to top Dementia Types of Dementia ?????? - ??? (Japanese) ... - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual ...

139

Health Information Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis: ABMS of HIE Network  

E-print Network

.S. healthcare system would provide a secure, nationwide, interoperable health information infrastructureHealth Information Exchange Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis: ABMS of HIE Network Opportunity determining the future sustainability of a health information exchange (HIE) network and healthcare delivery

Kemner, Ken

140

HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE NETWORK INTEROPERABILITY THROUGH IHE TRANSACTIONS  

E-print Network

HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGE NETWORK INTEROPERABILITY THROUGH IHE TRANSACTIONS ORCHESTRATION, Service oriented architecture (SOA), Enterprise service bus (ESB), Health information exchange (HIE health care information in a secure, private and efficient manner. Solution vendors now offer IHE

Andry, François

141

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

142

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

143

Consumer support for health information exchange and personal health records: a regional health information organization survey.  

PubMed

In order to characterize consumer support for electronic health information exchange (HIE) and personal health records (PHRs) in a community where HIE is underway, we conducted a survey of English speaking adults who visited primary care practices participating in a regional community-wide clinical data exchange, during August, 2008. Amongst the 117 respondents, a majority supported physicians' use of HIE (83%) or expressed interest in potentially using PHRs (76%). Consumers' comfort sending personal information electronically over the Internet and their perceptions regarding the potential benefits of HIE were independently associated with their support for HIE. Consumers' prior experience using the Internet to manage their healthcare, perceptions regarding the potential benefits of PHRs and college education were independently associated with potential PHR use. Bolstering consumer support for HIE and PHRs will require addressing privacy and security concerns, demonstrating clinical benefits, and reaching out to those who are less educated and computer literate. PMID:20703633

Patel, Vaishali N; Dhopeshwarkar, Rina V; Edwards, Alison; Barrón, Yolanda; Sparenborg, Jeffrey; Kaushal, Rainu

2012-06-01

144

NIHSeniorHealth Health Information for Older Adults  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Library of Medicine recently launched NIHSeniorHealth.gov, a website developed from NIA research on older adults, cognitive aging, and computer usage. This easy-to-use website "makes aging-related health information easily accessible for adults 60 and older" and serves as "a useful tool for family members and friends who are seeking online health information for their older relatives." Topics covered include Alzheimer's disease, arthritis, exercising for older adults, and more. The website offers several options for enhancing usability, including a virtual voice that reads all text aloud. Visitors may also watch video clips (captions available), take short quizzes, or follow links to MEDLINEplus websites for more detailed information.

145

Privacy and Your Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... or shared for certain purposes, such as for marketing • Get a report on when and why your ... your employer • Use or share your information for marketing or advertising purposes • Share private notes about your ...

146

Profession differences in family focused practice in the adult mental health system.  

PubMed

There is a large gulf between what psychiatric services should (or could) provide and what they do in practice. This article sought to determine practice differences between the differing professions working in adult mental health services in terms of their family focused work. Three hundred and seven adult mental health professionals completed a cross-sectional survey of family focused practices in adult mental health services. Findings highlight that social workers engaged in more family focused practice compared to psychiatric nurses, who performed consistently the lowest on direct family care, compared to both social workers and psychologists. Clear skill, knowledge, and confidence differences are indicated between the professions. The article concludes by offering direction for future profession education and training in family focused practices. PMID:24945363

Maybery, Darryl; Goodyear, Melinda; O'Hanlon, Brendan; Cuff, Rose; Reupert, Andrea

2014-12-01

147

Focus Groups for Informal Evaluation of Non-Instructional Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of focus groups as a useful educational research strategy for evaluating noninstructional interventions are described. Focus groups were used to evaluate the effectiveness of programs in the following Virginia school settings: (1) peer counseling programs in 4 high schools with 49 student counselors; (2) gifted programs in 7…

Reynolds, Mary Ruth; And Others

148

Information literacy skills: An exploratory focus group study of student perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an exploratory study using focus group methodology in information literacy research. A small focus group — seven undergraduate students at Concordia University College of Alberta — discussed the concept of information literacy and the role of the undergraduate library in developing information literacy skills. Participants perceived information literacy as valuable, and agreed that the

Heather Morrison

1997-01-01

149

Information, Advertising and Health Choices: A Study of the Cereal Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effects of information on consumer and producer behavior by focusing on the ready-to-eat cereal market during a period in which information developed about the health benefits of fiber cereal consumption. Although cereal producers were initially prohibited from advertising these health benefits, the regulatory ban against producer advertising was lifted during the period we study. Our results

Pauline M. Ippolito; Alan D. Mathios

1990-01-01

150

Health Information on the Web and Consumers’ Perspectives on Health Professionals’ Responses to Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Background Health information technology, which is sometimes referred to as informaticization of medicine, is changing the extent to which patients become competent producers of their own health by enabling them access to health information anytime and anywhere. Objective This research provides preliminary information on users' perceptions of the extent to which use of the Internet for health information impacts medical encounters. We specifically explored the following questions: (1) To what extent perceptions of positive or negative changes in medical encounters are associated with sociodemographic background of online health information seekers, and how often the Internet information is discussed with providers? (2) To what extent is there an association between perceived changes in medical encounters and frequency of referring to the Internet during medical encounters? (3) To what extent is there an association between sociodemographic background of online health information users and frequency of discussing of the Internet information with providers? Methods The data for this study was derived from a national sampling of online health and medical information users who participated in the Study of Health and Medical Information in Cyberspace—Survey of User Perceptions (N=710). This study used a nationally representative online research panel of the US adults maintained by the Knowledge Networks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square, and t tests were performed to examine the data. Results Although Internet sources allow people the opportunity to gather health or medical information, discussion of this information was not a very common activity. It is noteworthy that half of the sample never or rarely discussed health/medical information obtained from Internet sources with health professionals. Chi-square analyses revealed that discussion of online health information with providers were associated with education, income, and marital status. We also found that discussion of the Internet information mostly promotes better physician-patient interactions. Analyses with post-hoc tests identified that perceived changes in medical encounters were associated with age, education, and income. However, 9.1% (64/703) of our respondents strongly agreed that the interactions with their providers have been strained. T test analyses showed that marital status, race, and gender were not significant. Conclusions Embracing new technologies, and adapting to changing roles and relationships in delivery of medical care are critical to effective delivery of patient-centered care. Health professionals could also guide patients on how to evaluate information and where to access to reliable and accurate information. PMID:25075248

2014-01-01

151

Focused, unfocused, and defocused information in working memory.  

PubMed

The study investigated the effect of selection cues in working memory (WM) on the fate of not-selected contents of WM. Experiments 1A and 1B showed that focusing on 1 cued item in WM does not impair memory for the remaining items. The nonfocused items are maintained in WM even when this is not required by the task. Experiments 2 and 3 showed that items that were once focused in WM remain strengthened after the focus shifts away from them. When defocused items are presented as mismatching recognition probes, they are rejected better than other mismatching probes (Experiments 2 and 3). When a defocused item was later cued again, such that the focus had to shift back to it, that item was recognized better than an item cued for the first time (Experiment 3). The results support the distinction between mechanisms for temporary maintenance and the focus of attention in WM, and they challenge theories that explain maintenance and focusing by the same mechanisms, such as a limited number of slots or a limited resource. PMID:23421511

Rerko, Laura; Oberauer, Klaus

2013-07-01

152

Using animation as an information tool to advance health research literacy among minority participants.  

PubMed

Lack of adequate consumer health information about clinical research contributes to health disparities among low health literate minority multicultural populations and requires appropriate methods for making information accessible. Enhancing understanding of health research can enable such minority multicultural consumers to make informed, active decisions about their own health and research participation. This qualitative study examines the effectiveness and acceptability of an animated video to enhance what we call health research literacy among minority multicultural populations. A team analyzed the transcripts of 58 focus groups of African Americans, Latinos, Native Hawaiians, and Filipinos in Los Angeles/Hawaii. Participants were accepting of animation and the video's cultural appropriateness. Communicating information about health research via animation improved participants' ability to identify personal information-gaps, engage in meaningful community-level dialogue, and ask questions about health research. PMID:24551351

George, Sheba; Moran, Erin; Duran, Nelida; Jenders, Robert A

2013-01-01

153

Achieving effective biosurveillance with the Nationwide Health Information Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government is currently developing the Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN). Described as a “network of networks,” the NHIN seeks to provide a nationwide, interoperable health information infrastructure that will securely connect consumers with those involved in health care. As part of the national health information technology (HIT) agenda, the NHIN aims to improve individual and population health by

Stephen L Chen

2009-01-01

154

Serious Technology Assessment for Health Care Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Abstract United States health care is engaged in an ambitious project to make its clinical and administrative records “100% electronic.” Substantial benefits are expected in both clinical care delivery and medical research (especially for public health surveillance and outcomes/effectiveness studies). Substantial costs also potentially accrue, beyond the large outlays for an expanded computer and telecommunications infrastructure. Privacy and confidentiality are obviously at risk if such systems cannot be made secure. Limited empirical evidence currently available suggests health information systems security may not be very good, at least in the “average” institutional setting. Privacy-focused critics of electronic record-keeping are sometimes accused of taking Luddite stands, insufficiently attentive to IT's benefits. It may also be fair to worry about a certain Panglossian tendency in “industry” commentary, insufficiently attentive to potential problems. Better federal and state laws structuring health data use will help; the industry must also attend more candidly to the technical uncertainties. PMID:9223032

Cushman, Reid

1997-01-01

155

African-American men's perceptions of health: a focus group study.  

PubMed Central

African-American men are disproportionately affected by preventable medical conditions, yet they underutilize primary care health services. Because healthcare utilization is strongly dependent on health beliefs, the purpose of this qualitative study was to identify and explore African-American men's perceptions of health and health influences. We conducted eight focus group interviews with select subgroups of African-American men, including adolescents, trauma survivors, HIV-positive men, homeless men, men who have sex with men, substance abusers, church-affiliated men and a mixed sample (N=71). Definitions of health, beliefs about health maintenance and influences on health were elicited. Participants' definitions of health went beyond the traditional "absence of disease" definition and included physical, mental, emotional, economic and spiritual well-being. Being healthy also included fulfilling social roles, such as having a job and providing for one's family. Health maintenance strategies included spirituality and self-empowerment. Stress was cited as a dominant negative influence on health, attributed to lack of income, racism, "unhealthy" neighborhoods and conflict in relationships. Positive influences included a supportive social network and feeling valued by loved ones. This study provides insight into African-American men's general health perceptions and may have implications for future efforts to improve healthcare utilization in this population. PMID:16623067

Ravenell, Joseph E.; Johnson, Waldo E.; Whitaker, Eric E.

2006-01-01

156

Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program (TEHIP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program (TEHIP) at the US National Library of Medicine has developed an Internet gopher offering free access to national and international information resources and convenient connection to NLM's MEDLARS online databases. Included in the TEHIP gopher are a variety of publications (e.g., the bibliographic publication produced by TEHIP: ALTERNATIVES TO THE USE OF LIVE VERTEBRATES IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND TESTING) and direct connections to many relevant information sources from national and international government groups and universities. Training modules and documentation for the MEDLARS toxicology databases, and a calendar of meetings and courses of interest to those working in the areas of toxicology, environmental health and medicine, and occupational health and medicine are also included.

1997-01-01

157

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2011-10-01

158

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2012-10-01

159

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2013-10-01

160

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2010-10-01

161

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

...2014-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2014-10-01

162

78 FR 14793 - Advancing Interoperability and Health Information Exchange  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary...CMS-0038-NC] Advancing Interoperability and Health Information Exchange AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and...

2013-03-07

163

Easy-to-read Health Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Network of Libraries of Medicine offers this collection of links to easy-to-read Web sites for health-related information. Topics cover everything from diabetes to wound dressing to environmental health and safety. The site appears as an extensive list of links organized by topic. A main menu at the top of the page allows users to quickly jump to subjects of interest. The links lead to pages from National Institutes of Health Web sites and other authoritative sources, and are selected for their brevity and clarity. Some Spanish version Web links are provided.

164

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

165

Web Search Behavior and Information Needs of People With Multiple Sclerosis: Focus Group Study and Analysis of Online Postings  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and their family members increasingly seek health information on the Internet. There has been little exploration of how MS patients integrate health information with their needs, preferences, and values for decision making. The INtegrating and Deriving Evidence, Experiences, and Preferences (IN-DEEP) project is a collaboration between Italian and Australian researchers and MS patients, aimed to make high-quality evidence accessible and meaningful to MS patients and families, developing a Web-based resource of evidence-based information starting from their information needs. Objective The objective of this study was to analyze MS patients and their family members’ experience about the Web-based health information, to evaluate how they asses this information, and how they integrate health information with personal values. Methods We organized 6 focus groups, 3 with MS patients and 3 with family members, in the Northern, Central, and Southern parts of Italy (April-June 2011). They included 40 MS patients aged between 18 and 60, diagnosed as having MS at least 3 months earlier, and 20 family members aged 18 and over, being relatives of a person with at least a 3-months MS diagnosis. The focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim (Atlas software, V 6.0). Data were analyzed from a conceptual point of view through a coding system. An online forum was hosted by the Italian MS society on its Web platform to widen the collection of information. Nine questions were posted covering searching behavior, use of Web-based information, truthfulness of Web information. At the end, posts were downloaded and transcribed. Results Information needs covered a comprehensive communication of diagnosis, prognosis, and adverse events of treatments, MS causes or risk factors, new drugs, practical, and lifestyle-related information. The Internet is considered useful by MS patients, however, at the beginning or in a later stage of the disease a refusal to actively search for information could occur. Participants used to search on the Web before or after their neurologist’s visit or when a new therapy was proposed. Social networks are widely used to read others’ stories and retrieve information about daily management. A critical issue was the difficulty of recognizing reliable information on the Web. Many sources were used but the neurologist was mostly the final source of treatment decisions. Conclusions MS patients used the Internet as a tool to integrate information about the illness. Information needs covered a wide spectrum, the searched topics changed with progression of the disease. Criteria for evaluating Internet accuracy and credibility of information were often lacking or generic. This may limit the empowerment of patients in health care choices. PMID:25093374

Colombo, Cinzia; Confalonieri, Paolo; Baroni, Isabella; Traversa, Silvia; Hill, Sophie J; Synnot, Anneliese J; Oprandi, Nadia; Filippini, Graziella

2014-01-01

166

Iona college community centered family health history project: lessons learned from student focus groups.  

PubMed

The Community Centered Family Health History project was initiated to create accessible family health history tools produced by and for the community. The project goal was to promote increased community engagement in health education by encouraging conversations among family members that would translate knowledge of family health history into healthy lifestyle choices. As one of seven community partners, Iona College participated in customizing and beta-testing the Does It Run in the Family? toolkit. Twenty-nine college students were engaged to recruit three relatives related by blood to provide feedback on the utility of the toolkit. The toolkit consists of two booklets--"A Guide to Family Health History" and "A Guide to Understanding Genetics and Health"--explaining the importance of knowing and talking about health within the family as well as basics about how conditions are passed down through generations. Twenty-two of the twenty-nine students participated in focus groups to discuss their reactions to participation in the project. Students in the focus group reported that the study participants--students and their family members--found the toolkit to be user friendly and the experience a valuable one that prompted many to take positive steps toward good health. PMID:21830165

Moore, Penelope J; Gratzer, William; Lieber, Caroline; Edelson, Vaughn; O'Leary, James; Terry, Sharon F

2012-02-01

167

Community partnerships for health information training: medical librarians working with health-care professionals and consumers in Tennessee.  

PubMed

In Tennessee, several medical library outreach projects have involved collaborative work with health-care professionals, public librarians, consumers, faith-based organizations and community service agencies. The authors are medical librarians who worked as consultants, trainers and project directors to promote health literacy using PubMed medline and other health information resources in the several funding projects described here. We explain the programmes briefly, focusing on lessons learned and suggestions for those who follow us. PMID:15186287

Stephenson, Priscilla L; Green, Brenda F; Wallace, Richard L; Earl, Martha F; Orick, Jan T; Taylor, Mary Virginia

2004-06-01

168

Using Bayesian networks to support decision-focused information retrieval  

SciTech Connect

This paper has described an approach to controlling the process of pulling data/information from distributed data bases in a way that is specific to a persons specific decision making context. Our prototype implementation of this approach uses a knowledge-based planner to generate a plan, an automatically constructed Bayesian network to evaluate the plan, specialized processing of the network to derive key information items that would substantially impact the evaluation of the plan (e.g., determine that replanning is needed), automated construction of Standing Requests for Information (SRIs) which are automated functions that monitor changes and trends in distributed data base that are relevant to the key information items. This emphasis of this paper is on how Bayesian networks are used.

Lehner, P.; Elsaesser, C.; Seligman, L. [Mitre Corp., McLean, VA (United States)

1996-12-31

169

Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance: focus on soma to germline information transfer.  

PubMed

In trangenerational epigenetic inheritance, phenotypic information not encoded in DNA sequence is transmitted across generations. In germline-dependent mode, memory of environmental exposure in parental generation is transmitted through gametes, leading to appearance of phenotypes in the unexposed future generations. The memory is considered to be encoded in epigenetic factors like DNA methylation, histone modifications and regulatory RNAs. Environmental exposure may cause epigenetic modifications in the germline either directly or indirectly through primarily affecting the soma. The latter possibility is most intriguing because it contradicts the established dogma that hereditary information flows only from germline to soma, not in reverse. As such, identification of the factor(s) mediating soma to germline information transfer in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance would be pathbreaking. Regulatory RNAs and hormone have previously been implicated or proposed to play a role in soma to germline communication in epigenetic inheritance. This review examines the recent examples of gametogenic transgenerational inheritance in plants and animals in order to assess if evidence of regulatory RNAs and hormones as mediators of information transfer is supported. Overall, direct evidence for both mobile regulatory RNAs and hormones is found to exist in plants. In animals, although involvement of mobile RNAs seems imminent, direct evidence of RNA-mediated soma to germline information transfer in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance is yet to be obtained. Direct evidence is also lacking for hormones in animals. However, detailed examination of recently reported examples of transgenerational inheritance reveals circumstantial evidence supporting a role of hormones in information transmission. PMID:23257323

Sharma, Abhay

2013-12-01

170

White Paper: Advancing Personalized Health Care through Health Information Technology: An Update from the American Health Information Community's Personalized Health Care Workgroup  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Personalized Health Care Workgroup of the American Health Information Community was formed to determine what is needed to promote standard reporting and incorporation of medical genetic\\/genomic tests and family health history data in electronic health records. The Workgroup has examined and clarified a range of issues related to this information, including interoperability standards and requirements for confidentiality, privacy, and

John Glaser; Douglas E. Henley; Gregory Downing; Kristin M. Brinner

2008-01-01

171

MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY  

E-print Network

MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor an impact on the security of the systems and operations. In developing information systems, organizations's business, mission, and information security needs. To protect information systems and information

172

Data Liquidity in Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

In 2001 the IOM report "Crossing the Quality Chasm" and the NCVHS report "Information for Health" were released and they provided the context for the development of information systems used to support health-supporting processes. Both had as their goals, implicit or explicit, to ensure the right data is provided to the right person at the right time, which is one definition of "Data Liquidity". This concept has had some traction in recent years as a shorthand way to express a system property for Health IT, but there is not a well-defined characterization of what properties of a system or of its components give it better or worse data liquidity. This paper looks at some recent work that help to identify those properties and perhaps can help to ground the concept with metrics that are assessable. PMID:21799328

Courtney, Paul K.

2011-01-01

173

A security architecture for health information networks.  

PubMed

Health information network security needs to balance exacting security controls with practicality, and ease of implementation in today's healthcare enterprise. Recent work on 'nationwide health information network' architectures has sought to share highly confidential data over insecure networks such as the Internet. Using basic patterns of health network data flow and trust models to support secure communication between network nodes, we abstract network security requirements to a core set to enable secure inter-network data sharing. We propose a minimum set of security controls that can be implemented without needing major new technologies, but yet realize network security and privacy goals of confidentiality, integrity and availability. This framework combines a set of technology mechanisms with environmental controls, and is shown to be sufficient to counter commonly encountered network security threats adequately. PMID:18693862

Kailar, Rajashekar; Muralidhar, Vinod

2007-01-01

174

Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session  

E-print Network

Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session January 2013 Human Resource Services Completion of Paperwork Human Resource Services #12;HRS Insurance Office Contacts Deborah Haliczer (rbechtel@niu.edu ­ 753-8230) Bridgett Davis (bdavis@niu.edu ­ 753-6318) Human Resource Services #12;Recent

Karonis, Nicholas T.

175

Trusted Framework for Health Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare Interchange Exchange (HIE) is set of healthcare entities that link regions and nations around the world to share healthcare information about patients. HIE provides a unified interface to various stakeholders to access patient data. For example, individuals want to access personal data, practitioners want to import their patient data from Personal Health Records (PHR) and researchers want to access

Muhammad Afzal; Maqbool Hussain; Mahmood Ahmad; Zahid Anwar

2011-01-01

176

Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)  

Cancer.gov

The HINTS is a biennial national survey of the American public conducted by the Health Communication and Informatics Research Branch (HCIRB) in the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS). The survey collects nationally representative data about the American public's use of cancer-related information.

177

Making Sense of Health Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Hospital adoption of health information technology (HIT) systems is promoted as essential to decreasing medical error and their associated 44,000 annual deaths and $17 billion in healthcare costs (Institute of Medicine, 2001; Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 1999). Leading national healthcare groups, such as the Institute of Medicine,…

Kitzmiller, Rebecca Rutherford

2012-01-01

178

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION I hereby authorize Washington University or psychiatric treatment. I give my specific authorization for these records to be released. This request is a free and voluntary act by me. I understand that I may revoke this authorization at any time

Wang, David

179

INFORMATION ABOUT ALCOHOL &OTHER COLLEGE HEALTH ISSUES  

E-print Network

FROM THE MISSOURI DIVISION OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG ABUSE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PARTNERSINFORMATION ABOUT ALCOHOL &OTHER COLLEGE HEALTH ISSUES WHAT EVERY COLLEGE STUdENT NEEDS TO KNOW DEGREE MAY NOT BE WORTH AS MUCH AS YOU THINK IF YOU'VE BEEN CONVICTED OF AN ALCOHOL-RELATED CRIME. MANY

Missouri-Rolla, University of

180

Privacy & Information Security Student Health Services  

E-print Network

Privacy & Information Security Student Health Services December 2011 #12;AGENDA 1. HIPAA ­ What's new ­ "In the news" 2. What you need to know ­ Privacy & IT Security 3. Lessons Learned ­ Recent Privacy/IT Security Issues 4. Emerging Privacy / IT Security Issues ­ Social Networking - Facebook #12

Qian, Ning

181

45 CFR 170.207 - Vocabulary standards for representing electronic health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONS...CRITERIA AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Standards and Implementation...

2010-10-01

182

45 CFR 170.207 - Vocabulary standards for representing electronic health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONS...CRITERIA AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Standards and Implementation...

2011-10-01

183

“Defense Health Information System as a case study for national health IT”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Forum on the Future of Defense Health Information Systems (National Forum) held in Washington, DC in March 2008 provided a unique opportunity to conduct a case study of developing a large complex health information system. The concept of the health information system has evolved from the days to electronic hospital information system (HIS) to longitudinal health record (LHR)

Seong Ki Mun

2009-01-01

184

Using Focus Groups to Identify Factors Affecting Healthful Weight Maintenance in Latino Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore (1) how migration influenced physical activity and dietary behaviors among Latino immigrants and (2) participants' perception of concepts related to a Health at Every Size (HAES) approach to weight maintenance (mindful eating, taking care of oneself). Methods: Four focus groups (n = 35), homogenous by sex, were conducted in…

Greaney, Mary L.; Lees, Faith D.; Lynch, Breanna; Sebelia, Linda; Greene, Geoffrey W.

2012-01-01

185

Status of Oregon's Children: 2002 County Data Book. Special Focus: Health and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines trends in the well-being of Oregons children, focusing on child health, nutrition, and child safety. This statistical portrait is based on 17 indicators of child well-being: (1) child care supply; (2) third grade reading proficiency; (3) third grade math proficiency; (4) juvenile arrests; (5) suicide attempts;…

Children First for Oregon, Portland.

186

Health Behaviors Among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among “Baby Boomer” caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state’s non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and 12,941 non-caregivers. Logistic regression models were estimated separately for four individual health-risk behaviors—smoking, sedentary behavior, and regular soda and fast-food consumption—as well as a global health-risk measure. Results: Controlling for psychological distress and personal characteristics and social resources such as age, gender, income and education, work and marital status, and neighborhood safety, caregivers had greater odds than non-caregivers of overall negative health behavior and of smoking and regular soda and fast-food consumption. We did not observe significant differences in odds of negative behavior related to stress for spousal caregivers and caregivers in the role for longer periods of time or those providing more hours of weekly care compared with other caregivers. Implications: Our study found evidence that Baby Boomer caregivers engage in poor health behaviors that are associated with exposure to caregiving. Baby Boomer caregivers may be at risk for certain behavioral factors that are associated with disability and chronic illness. PMID:22391873

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

187

Evolution of the determinants of health, health policy, and health information systems in Canada.  

PubMed

The history of health determinants in Canada influenced both the direction of data gathering about population health and government policies designed to improve health. Two competing movements marked these changes. The idea of health promotion grew out of the 1974 Lalonde report, which recognized that determinants of health went beyond traditional public health and medical care, and argued for the importance of socioeconomic factors. Research on health inequalities was led by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research in the 1980s, which produced evidence of health inequalities along socioeconomic lines and argued for policy efforts in early child development. Both movements have shaped current information gathering and the policies that have come to be labeled "population health." PMID:12604478

Glouberman, Sholom; Millar, John

2003-03-01

188

Evolution of the Determinants of Health, Health Policy, and Health Information Systems in Canada  

PubMed Central

The history of health determinants in Canada influenced both the direction of data gathering about population health and government policies designed to improve health. Two competing movements marked these changes. The idea of health promotion grew out of the 1974 Lalonde report, which recognized that determinants of health went beyond traditional public health and medical care, and argued for the importance of socioeconomic factors. Research on health inequalities was led by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research in the 1980s, which produced evidence of health inequalities along socioeconomic lines and argued for policy efforts in early child development. Both movements have shaped current information gathering and the policies that have come to be labeled “population health.” PMID:12604478

Glouberman, Sholom; Millar, John

2003-01-01

189

Contact Information Student Health Insurance..............................814.865.7467  

E-print Network

Contact Information Student Health Insurance..............................814.865.7467 Fax) .........................814.863.9611 S T U D E N T health insurance University Health Services University Health Services (UHS Insurance For additional information or questions about the Penn State Student Health Insurance Plans

Lee, Dongwon

190

Focus on Measurement-Based Quantum Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have witnessed the rapid growth of quantum information processing as an active field of multidisciplinary science and technology. Tremendous theoretical and experimental progress has been made in quantum communication and quantum computation, and it seems clear that some of this progress will soon result in practical applications outside the laboratory.Quantum computation aims to build a quantum

Terry Rudolph; Jian-Wei Pan

2007-01-01

191

Iterative Evaluation of a Web-Based Health Information Resource  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the research process and methods used to evaluate and improve a web-based health information resource intended for the public. The resource is called Community Connect to Research (CC2R) (www.connecttoresearch.org). The research process was an iterative one that involved collaboration with many partners. Two formal evaluations were conducted in 2009 and 2010 using key informant interviews, usability interviews, focus groups, an online survey, and readability and suitability assessment tools. These methods provided us with users’ perspective on the overall design, content, and literacy demands of the web site as well as valuable feedback on their interaction with the web site. We subsequently redesigned CC2R, making significant improvements based on what we learned from the evaluation. The second evaluation revealed that the redesign addressed many issues found in the first evaluation and identified additional areas of possible improvement. Overall, both evaluations suggested that participants believed that the web site was useful and valuable, indicating that CC2R is indeed a health information resource that provides patients and families with accessible, relevant, and high-quality information. Our experience suggests that regular formal evaluation is an essential tool for effective ongoing enhancement of health information resources meant for the public. PMID:23577665

ROSENFELD, LINDSAY; SHEPHERD, AMY; AGUNWAMBA, AMENAH A.; McCRAY, ALEXA T.

2013-01-01

192

Family perspectives on integrated child health information systems.  

PubMed

The perspectives of families, and especially parents of children with special health care needs, need to be better understood by the government agencies, health care providers, associations, and information systems vendors that are integrating child health information systems. To date, research on children with special health care needs has not included the perspectives of parents on integrated child health information systems. Interviews were conducted with a limited number of parents of children with special health care needs and a young adult with special health care needs about their perspectives on integrated health information systems needs. The interviews revealed common themes: (1) parents have experienced the benefits of information technology for health care purposes, (2) parents believe integrated health information systems could help to coordinate their children's health care, (3) parents believe information technology can help improve accuracy and timeliness of information, (4) parents of children with special health care needs believe their children's health information should be available to those who need it, but safeguards must be in place, (5) parents believe health information systems can improve health care, but it is not the highest priority health care issue for them, and (6) parents believe that their involvement in issues related to children with special health care needs, including information technology, is critical. Parents of children with special health care needs hold strong opinions about their children's health care, including health information systems. Parents need to be central to discussions about development of integrated child health information systems if we are to develop information systems that serve the needs of children with special health care needs and their families. PMID:15643354

Hastings, Terry Marie

2004-11-01

193

75 FR 32161 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Consumer Focus...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...persons who may participate in Consumer Focus Groups. DATES: Submit...Office of the Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission...Do not submit confidential business information, trade secret...of Information Technology, Consumer Product Safety...

2010-06-07

194

Focus, Newness and Their Combination: Processing of Information Structure in Discourse  

PubMed Central

The relationship between focus and new information has been unclear despite being the subject of several information structure studies. Here, we report an eye-tracking experiment that explored the relationship between them in on-line discourse processing in Chinese reading. Focus was marked by the Chinese focus-particle “shi", which is equivalent to the cleft structure “it was… who…" in English. New information was defined as the target word that was not present in previous contexts. Our results show that, in the target region, focused information was processed more quickly than non-focused information, while new information was processed more slowly than given information. These results reveal differences in processing patterns between focus and newness, and suggest that they are different concepts that relate to different aspects of cognitive processing. In addition, the effect of new/given information occurred in the post-target region for the focus condition, but not for the non-focus condition, suggesting a complex relationship between focus and newness in the discourse integration stage. PMID:22912708

Chen, Lijing; Li, Xingshan; Yang, Yufang

2012-01-01

195

Nevada Information and Communications Technology Focus Group Analysis Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report documents the initiative of the College of Southern Nevada, Truckee Meadows Community College, and Western Nevada College to reach out to employers and other organizations to describe knowledge and skills needed by information and communications technology works. It also aims to "describe the current and projected employment opportunities for technicians" and "describe industry perceptions of colleges and community college graduates as potential employees" This 34 page document is available for download as a PDF.

2012-10-15

196

Evaluating the Process of Online Health Information Searching: A Qualitative Approach to Exploring Consumer Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet is a common resource that patients and consumers use to access health-related information. Multiple practical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors influence why, when, and how people utilize this tool. Improving the delivery of health-related information necessitates a thorough understanding of users’ searching-related needs, preferences, and experiences. Although a wide body of quantitative research examining search behavior exists, qualitative approaches have been under-utilized and provide unique perspectives that may prove useful in improving the delivery of health information over the Internet. Objective We conducted this study to gain a deeper understanding of online health-searching behavior in order to inform future developments of personalizing information searching and content delivery. Methods We completed three focus groups with adult residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, which explored perceptions of online health information searching. Participants were recruited through flyers and classifieds advertisements posted throughout the community. We audio-recorded and transcribed all focus groups, and analyzed data using standard qualitative methods. Results Almost all participants reported using the Internet to gather health information. They described a common experience of searching, filtering, and comparing results in order to obtain information relevant to their intended search target. Information saturation and fatigue were cited as main reasons for terminating searching. This information was often used as a resource to enhance their interactions with health care providers. Conclusions Many participants viewed the Internet as a valuable tool for finding health information in order to support their existing health care resources. Although the Internet is a preferred source of health information, challenges persist in streamlining the search process. Content providers should continue to develop new strategies and technologies aimed at accommodating diverse populations, vocabularies, and health information needs. PMID:25348028

Fiksdal, Alexander S; Kumbamu, Ashok; Jadhav, Ashutosh S; Cocos, Cristian; Nelsen, Laurie A; Pathak, Jyotishman

2014-01-01

197

Child welfare caseworkers as brokers of mental health services: a pilot evaluation of project focus colorado.  

PubMed

Youth in the child welfare system (CWS) have substantially higher rates of mental health needs compared to the general population, yet they rarely receive targeted, evidence-based practices (EBPs). Caseworkers play the critically important role of "service broker" for CWS youth and families. This study examines preliminary caseworker-level outcomes of Project Focus Colorado (PF-C), a training and consultation program designed to improve access to EBPs for CWS youth. PF-C evaluation occurred in four child welfare offices (two intervention [n = 16 caseworkers] vs. two practice-as-usual, wait-list control [WLC; n = 12 caseworkers]). Receipt of PF-C was associated with significantly increased caseworker knowledge of (a) EBPs, (b) child mental health problems, (c) evidence-based treatment components targeting mental health problem areas, and (d) mental health screening instruments, compared to WLC. Dose of training and consultation was associated with greater ability to correctly classify mental health problems and match them to EBPs. These preliminary results suggest that targeted training and consultation help to improve caseworker knowledge of children's mental health needs, EBPs for mental health, and mental health screening instruments. PMID:25527512

Fitzgerald, Monica M; Torres, Marcela M; Shipman, Kimberly; Gorrono, Jessica; Kerns, Suzanne E U; Dorsey, Shannon

2015-02-01

198

Information Literacy for Health Professionals: Teaching Essential Information Skills with the Big6 Information Literacy Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health professionals frequently do not possess the necessary information-seeking abilities to conduct an effective search in databases and Internet sources. Reference librarians may teach health professionals these information and technology skills through the Big6 information literacy model (Big6). This article aims to address this issue. It also…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia

2013-01-01

199

Electronic Tools for Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Background As patients experience transitions in care, there is a need to share information between care providers in an accurate and timely manner. With the push towards electronic medical records and other electronic tools (eTools) (and away from paper-based health records) for health information exchange, there remains uncertainty around the impact of eTools as a form of communication. Objective To examine the impact of eTools for health information exchange in the context of care coordination for individuals with chronic disease in the community. Data Sources A literature search was performed on April 26, 2012, using OVID MEDLINE, OVID MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, OVID EMBASE, EBSCO Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Wiley Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination database, for studies published until April 26, 2012 (no start date limit was applied). Review Methods A systematic literature search was conducted, and meta-analysis conducted where appropriate. Outcomes of interest fell into 4 categories: health services utilization, disease-specific clinical outcomes, process-of-care indicators, and measures of efficiency. The quality of the evidence was assessed individually for each outcome. Expert panels were assembled for stakeholder engagement and contextualization. Results Eleven articles were identified (4 randomized controlled trials and 7 observational studies). There was moderate quality evidence of a reduction in hospitalizations, hospital length of stay, and emergency department visits following the implementation of an electronically generated laboratory report with recommendations based on clinical guidelines. The evidence showed no difference in disease-specific outcomes; there was no evidence of a positive impact on process-of-care indicators or measures of efficiency. Limitations A limited body of research specifically examined eTools for health information exchange in the population and setting of interest. This evidence included a combination of study designs and was further limited by heterogeneity in individual technologies and settings in which they were implemented. Conclusions There is evidence that the right eTools in the right environment and context can significantly impact health services utilization. However, the findings from this evidence-based analysis raise doubts about the ability of eTools with care-coordination capabilities to independently improve the quality of outpatient care. While eTools may be able to support and sustain processes, inefficiencies embedded in the health care system may require more than automation alone to resolve. Plain Language Summary Patients with chronic diseases often work with many different health care providers. To ensure smooth transitions from one setting to the next, health care providers must share information and coordinate care effectively. Electronic medical records (eTools) are being used more and more to coordinate patient care, but it is not yet known whether they are more effective than paper-based health records. In this analysis, we reviewed the evidence for the use of eTools to exchange information and coordinate care for people with chronic diseases in the community. There was some evidence that eTools reduced the number of hospital and emergency department visits, as well as patients' length of stay in the hospital, but there was no evidence that eTools improved the overall quality of patient care. PMID:24194799

2013-01-01

200

Health information, what happens when there isn't any? Information literacy and the challenges for rare and orphan diseases.  

PubMed

This feature looks at the challenges for information literacy in rare and orphan diseases. In particular, it focuses on the information difficulties faced by those living with a rare condition or awaiting a diagnosis, and also those of the health professionals in charge of their care. The feature also highlights some of the key issues that library and information professionals need to be aware of when providing information support in such circumstances. PMID:25155983

Spring, Hannah

2014-09-01

201

Informing Science Expanding the Focus Volume 5 No 1, 2002 Paper Editor: Elizabeth Boyd  

E-print Network

Informing Science Expanding the Focus Volume 5 No 1, 2002 Paper Editor: Elizabeth Boyd TToowwaarrdd, Informing Sciences. Introduction The meaning of "information systems" has been growing in diversity of fields, Informing Science" (Cohen, 2000). Our objective in this paper is to participate in the process

Walden, Eric

202

Qualitative study of health information needs, flow, and use in Senegal.  

PubMed

Many health professionals and policymakers in Africa lack access to the information needed to make evidence-based decisions for effective health care. This study collected qualitative data from 75 key informants and members of two focus groups in Senegal on various aspects of health information needs, particularly in family planning and reproductive health, including information sources, strategies, and systems to transfer and share information; and barriers to accessing, sharing, and using health information. Respondents reported needing information on ways to motivate men's involvement in reproductive health and to address rumors and religious barriers to family planning. Results identified mobile phones as one scalable platform to improve health knowledge. Nevertheless, a nearly universal and persistent need for paper-based information exists, and many health personnel prefer interpersonal communication as a method for information sharing, knowledge synthesis, and learning. Hierarchy and social organization play a crucial role in the flow of communication and in knowledge exchange. The study also identified the importance of political support for a comprehensive knowledge management strategy for the health sector, including the need for strategies to empower and better support the knowledge role of health coordinators and supervisors. PMID:22724671

Sylla, Amadou Hassane; Robinson, Elizabeth T; Raney, Laura; Seck, Karim

2012-01-01

203

Center for International Health Information (CIHI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CIHI Website provides data on current status and trends in population, nutrition, and health for developing countries that receive USAID assistance. Country, regional, and time series data are available in tables in either text or .pdf format for sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Near East, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Indicators include infant and maternal mortality, nutritional status, vaccination coverage, contraceptive use, and population and fertility rates. Users can download Global Health Data Viewer (GHDV) software containing over 60 indicators from 200 countries from the site. GHDV allows users to display a selected single point in time or time series data in spreadsheet or graphic form for manipulation or export to other programs. Other sections of the site contain reports of USAID projects and links to international population and health information sources.

204

Enabling Personalization Recommendation With WeightedFP for Text Information Retrieval Based on User-Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization recommendation is a valid method for lightening the user's burden on information retrieval. In order to implement personalization recommendation for text information retrieval (TR), user-focus is defined and algorithms for the construction of user-focus are given in this paper. The construction of user-focus for a user depends on his entire query requests at a period of time. Each query

Zhenya Zhang; Enhong Chen; Jin Wang; Xufa Wang

2004-01-01

205

Aetna Student Health, working with [School] offers a student-focused health insurance plan that helps protect  

E-print Network

that helps protect students at school, at home, and while traveling or studying abroad. What is the plan all to registered nurses. They can share information on a range of healthy topics*. ·Access to savings on vision, fitness, alternative health care, weight management, books and many more! ·Travel Assistance Services

Tullos, Desiree

206

The Place of Health Information and Socio-Emotional Support in Social Questioning and Answering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Little is known about the quality of health information in social contexts or how socio-emotional factors impact users' evaluations of quality. We explored how librarians, nurses and users assessed the quality of health answers posted on Yahoo! Answers, focusing on socio-emotional reactions displayed, advice given to users and…

Worrall, Adam; Oh, Sanghee

2013-01-01

207

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use. PMID:20962121

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

208

Ontology-Driven Health Information Systems Architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.Following an architecture vision such as the Generic Component Model (GCM) architecture fra mework, health information systems for supporting personalized,care have,to be based,on a component-oriented architecture. Representing concepts and their interrelations, the GCM perspectives syste m architecture, domains, and development process can be described bythe domains’ ontologies. The paper introduces ontology principles, ontology references to the GCM as w ell

Bernd Blobel; Frank Oemig

2009-01-01

209

The appropriateness and use of focus group methodology across international mental health communities.  

PubMed

The ability to interpret collected data across international mental health communities often proves to be difficult. The following paper reports on the use and appropriateness of focus group methodology in helping to clarify issues that could help substantiate data collection and comparison across different cultures and regions. Field tests of the focus group methodology were undertaken in different regions and this paper describes an overview of the final field test in Sofia, Bulgaria. The findings and experiences with utilizing this methodology were incorporated in subsequent data collections. PMID:15276935

Schilder, Klaas; Tomov, Toma; Mladenova, M; Mayeya, John; Jenkins, Rachel; Gulbinat, Walter; Manderscheid, Ron; Baingana, Florence; Whiteford, Harvey; Khandelval, Sudhir; Minoletti, Alberto; Mubbashar, Malik H; Srinivasa Murthy, R; Parameshvara Deva, M; Baba, Aliko; Townsend, Clare; Sakuta, T

2004-01-01

210

Breast cancer prevention knowledge, beliefs, and information sources between non-Hispanic and Hispanic college women for risk reduction focus.  

PubMed

Although growing research focuses on breast cancer screenings, little is known about breast cancer prevention with risk reduction awareness for ethnic differences among college-age women. This study examined breast cancer prevention knowledge, beliefs, and information sources between non-Hispanic and Hispanic college women. Using a cross-sectional study, women at a university in the Southwest completed a 51-item survey about breast cancer risk factors, beliefs, and media and interpersonal information sources. The study was guided by McGuire's Input Output Persuasion Model. Of the 546 participants, non-Hispanic college women (n = 277) and Hispanic college women (n = 269) reported similar basic knowledge levels of modifiable breast cancer risk factors for alcohol consumption (52 %), obesity (72 %), childbearing after age 35 (63 %), and menopausal hormone therapy (68 %) using bivariate analyses. Most common information sources were Internet (75 %), magazines (69 %), provider (76 %) and friends (61 %). Least common sources were radio (44 %), newspapers (34 %), and mothers (36 %). Non-Hispanic college women with breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from providers, friends, and mothers. Hispanic college women with a breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from their mothers. Breast cancer prevention education for college women is needed to include risk reduction for modifiable health behavior changes as a new focus. Health professionals may target college women with more information sources including the Internet or apps. PMID:24989348

Kratzke, Cynthia; Amatya, Anup; Vilchis, Hugo

2015-02-01

211

Impact of Thailand universal coverage scheme on the country's health information systems and health information technology.  

PubMed

Thailand achieved universal healthcare coverage with the implementation of the Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) in 2001. This study employed qualitative method to explore the impact of the UCS on the country's health information systems (HIS) and health information technology (HIT) development. The results show that health insurance beneficiary registration system helps improve providers' service workflow and country vital statistics. Implementation of casemix financing tool, Thai Diagnosis-Related Groups, has stimulated health providers' HIS and HIT capacity building, data and medical record quality and the adoption of national administrative data standards. The system called "Disease Management Information Systems" aiming at reimbursement for select diseases increased the fragmentation of HIS and increase burden on data management to providers. The financial incentive of outpatient data quality improvement project enhance providers' HIS and HIT investment and also induce data fraudulence tendency. Implementation of UCS has largely brought favorable impact on the country HIS and HIT development. However, the unfavorable effects are also evident. PMID:23920763

Kijsanayotin, Boonchai

2013-01-01

212

For general information about the Certificate in Global Health, please  

E-print Network

For general information about the Certificate in Global Health, please contact: Robin Eric Mittenthal Global Health Administrative Program Manager 272 Nutritional Sciences 1415 Linden Dr. TEL: 608 appointments. OR Sweta Shrestha Education Programs Associate Global Health Institute 1026 Medical Sciences

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

213

The Tanzania Connect Project: a cluster-randomized trial of the child survival impact of adding paid community health workers to an existing facility-focused health system  

PubMed Central

Background Tanzania has been a pioneer in establishing community-level services, yet challenges remain in sustaining these systems and ensuring adequate human resource strategies. In particular, the added value of a cadre of professional community health workers is under debate. While Tanzania has the highest density of primary health care facilities in Africa, equitable access and quality of care remain a challenge. Utilization for many services proven to reduce child and maternal mortality is unacceptably low. Tanzanian policy initiatives have sought to address these problems by proposing expansion of community-based providers, but the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW ) lacks evidence that this merits national implementation. The Tanzania Connect Project is a randomized cluster trial located in three rural districts with a population of roughly 360,000 ( Kilombero, Rufiji, and Ulanga). Description of intervention Connect aims to test whether introducing a community health worker into a general program of health systems strengthening and referral improvement will reduce child mortality, improve access to services, expand utilization, and alter reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health seeking behavior; thereby accelerating progress towards Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5. Connect has introduced a new cadre — Community Health Agents (CHA) — who were recruited from and work in their communities. To support the CHA, Connect developed supervisory systems, launched information and monitoring operations, and implemented logistics support for integration with existing district and village operations. In addition, Connect’s district-wide emergency referral strengthening intervention includes clinical and operational improvements. Evaluation design Designed as a community-based cluster-randomized trial, CHA were randomly assigned to 50 of the 101 villages within the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in the three study districts. To garner detailed information on household characteristics, behaviors, and service exposure, a random sub-sample survey of 3,300 women of reproductive age will be conducted at the baseline and endline. The referral system intervention will use baseline, midline, and endline facility-based data to assess systemic changes. Implementation and impact research of Connect will assess whether and how the presence of the CHA at village level provides added life-saving value to the health system. Discussion Global commitment to launching community-based primary health care has accelerated in recent years, with much of the implementation focused on Africa. Despite extensive investment, no program has been guided by a truly experimental study. Connect will not only address Tanzania’s need for policy and operational research, it will bridge a critical international knowledge gap concerning the added value of salaried professional community health workers in the context of a high density of fixed facilities. Trial registration: ISRCTN96819844 PMID:23819587

2013-01-01

214

Addressing health disparities: African American consumer information resources on the web.  

PubMed

The Web continues to rapidly evolve as a medium of information exchange. One major area where the Web is now playing a definitive role is in increasing consumer accessibility to health information for personal health and disease-related questions. The comprehensiveness of health information on the Web has the potential to empower consumers when making critical health-related decisions. Conversely, the myriad of information resources presents an array of challenges when seeking specific, credible, and timely health information. As the United States health care system continues to change, community concerns about the quantity, quality, and broad nature of information has become critical. In particular, the Web can play a vital role in health awareness and promotion by disseminating health information for traditionally underrepresented groups, particularly African Americans. Increased accessibility for this group has not always been the focus of attention; however, the growth of the Web coupled with heightened awareness of public health initiatives brings to the forefront numerous opportunities to provide tools that promote essential health information literacy. PMID:15778183

Ellis-Danquah, La Ventra

2004-01-01

215

76 FR 58006 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Delegation of Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information respecting health information and health promotion, preventive health services, and education in the appropriate...technology as it relates to health information and health promotion, preventive health services, and...

2011-09-19

216

National Library of Medicine Guide to Finding Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Services including Environmental Health and Toxicology links to databases, bibliographies, tutorials, and other resources. NIH Health Information ... about conditions, research, and services. ClinicalTrials.gov searchable database of information about ongoing and completed clinical research ...

217

Health Information in Chinese - Simplified (????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ???? (Chinese - Simplified) PDF Environmental Protection Agency Head Lice Head Lice ?? - ???? (Chinese - Simplified) Bilingual PDF Health Information ... PDF Health Information Translations K Return to top Kidney Diseases IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram) IVP (??????) - ???? (Chinese - ...

218

Health Information in Somali (af Soomaali): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Somali (af Soomaali) A Acute Bronchitis Bronchitis Boronkiito (Wareento) - af Soomaali (Somali) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Advance Directives Advance ...

219

Health Information in French (français): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations MRI Scans MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) IRM (Imagerie par résonance magnétique) - français (French) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations MRSA MRSA (Methicillin ... and Nerve Conduction Tests EMG et examens de la conduction nerveuse - français ( ...

220

Health Information in Marshallese (kajin Majöl): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Marshallese (kajin Majöl) B Breastfeeding Getting Started Breastfeeding Your ... ilo Kaajiriri (Breastfeeding) Niñniñ eo nejôm - kajin Majöl (Marshallese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations C Child Safety ...

221

The health information system security threat lifecycle: An informatics theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThis manuscript describes the health information system security threat lifecycle (HISSTL) theory. The theory is grounded in case study data analyzing clinicians’ health information system (HIS) privacy and security (P&S) experiences in the practice context.

Juanita I. Fernando; Linda L. Dawson

2009-01-01

222

Health Information Technology in Oncology Practice: A Literature Review  

PubMed Central

The adoption and implementation of information technology are dramatically remodeling healthcare services all over the world, resulting in an unstoppable and sometimes overwhelming process. After the introduction of the main elements of electronic health records and a description of what every cancer-care professional should be familiar with, we present a narrative review focusing on the current use of computerized clinical information and decision systems in oncology practice. Following a detailed analysis of the many coveted goals that oncologists have reached while embracing informatics progress, the authors suggest how to overcome the main obstacles for a complete physicians’ engagement and for a full information technology adoption, and try to forecast what the future holds. PMID:25506195

Fasola, G; Macerelli, M; Follador, A; Rihawi, K; Aprile, G; Mea, V Della

2014-01-01

223

Student Reception, Sources, and Believability of Health-Related Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the health topics students received information about, how students obtained health-related information, and perceived believability of those sources. Participants and Methods: Students (N = 1202) were surveyed using the National College Health Assessment (NCHA) of the American College Health

Kwan, Matthew Yiu Wing; Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Kelly P.; Lowe, David; Taman, Sara; Faulkner, Guy E. J.

2010-01-01

224

PSST... Privacy, Safety, Security, and Trust in Health Information Websites  

E-print Network

, there is the risk of inaccurate health information. For instance, in the United States, web- sites like Apricots Compete.com, who were exposed to the risk of taking incorrect and untested health advice. HealthPSST... Privacy, Safety, Security, and Trust in Health Information Websites Hamman W. Samuel Dept

Zaiane, Osmar R.

225

Precision with Ease: Refining Thesaurus Support for Quality Health Information Searching on Health"Insite"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health"Insite" is the Australian Government's Internet gateway to reliable health information online, providing access to over 15,000 information items on the websites of more than 80 approved information partners. The gateway provides a variety of searching and browsing options to assist users to find information on a wide range of health topics.…

Smith, Jill Buckley; Deacon, Prue

2009-01-01

226

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused  

E-print Network

insurance plan that helps protect students at school, at home, and while traveling or studying abroad. What to registered nurses. They can share information on a range of healthy topics*. Access to savings on vision, fitness, alternative health care, weight management, books and many more! Travel Assistance Services

Tullos, Desiree

227

Information processing for aerospace structural health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural health monitoring (SHM) technology provides a means to significantly reduce life cycle of aerospace vehicles by eliminating unnecessary inspections, minimizing inspection complexity, and providing accurate diagnostics and prognostics to support vehicle life extension. In order to accomplish this, a comprehensive SHM system will need to acquire data from a wide variety of diverse sensors including strain gages, accelerometers, acoustic emission sensors, crack growth gages, corrosion sensors, and piezoelectric transducers. Significant amounts of computer processing will then be required to convert this raw sensor data into meaningful information which indicates both the diagnostics of the current structural integrity as well as the prognostics necessary for planning and managing the future health of the structure in a cost effective manner. This paper provides a description of the key types of information processing technologies required in an effective SHM system. These include artificial intelligence techniques such as neural networks, expert systems, and fuzzy logic for nonlinear modeling, pattern recognition, and complex decision making; signal processing techniques such as Fourier and wavelet transforms for spectral analysis and feature extraction; statistical algorithms for optimal detection, estimation, prediction, and fusion; and a wide variety of other algorithms for data analysis and visualization. The intent of this paper is to provide an overview of the role of information processing for SHM, discuss various technologies which can contribute to accomplishing this role, and present some example applications of information processing for SHM implemented at the Boeing Company.

Lichtenwalner, Peter F.; White, Edward V.; Baumann, Erwin W.

1998-06-01

228

Patient activation and health literacy as predictors of health information use in a general sample of Dutch health care consumers.  

PubMed

In demand-led health care systems, consumers are expected to play an informed, active role in health care decisions by making use of health information. The ability to seek and use this information depends on specific knowledge, skills, and self-confidence. In this study, the authors validated a translated instrument to measure patient activation (Dutch PAM-13) in a general sample of Dutch health care consumers. Furthermore, the authors examined the relative contribution of patient activation and functional health literacy to the seeking and use of health information in The Netherlands. The mean patient activation score in the Dutch sample was higher for younger health care consumers and for those with a higher education, higher income, and better self-reported general and mental health status. More activated consumers were more likely to seek and use health information. Patient activation proved to be a stronger predictor for seeking and using health information than functional health literacy. PMID:24397280

Nijman, Jessica; Hendriks, Michelle; Brabers, Anne; de Jong, Judith; Rademakers, Jany

2014-01-01

229

Boosting healthy heart employer-sponsored health dissemination efforts: identification and information-sharing intentions.  

PubMed

Health information dissemination options have expanded to include workplaces and employer-sponsored efforts. This study focuses on a core relational concept found in workplaces, organizational identification-the feeling of belongingness-and the impact of partnering with employers and health clinics in health information dissemination. We use social-identity theory and multiple identification to test our predictions from a sample of working adults representing more than 100 different employers. We found that when people strongly identify with their employer, they have increased health behavioral intentions and they intend to talk about the health information with coworkers. The significant models explain more than 50% and 30% of the variance in these two outcomes. The experimental results examining single and multiple organizational sources revealed no differences on any outcomes. These findings offer a contribution to health information dissemination research by articulating how identification with an employer functions to affect behavioral intentions. PMID:24580722

Stephens, Keri K; Pastorek, Angie; Crook, Brittani; Mackert, Michael; Donovan, Erin E; Shalev, Heidi

2015-03-01

230

Improving the Public Health Information Network through Semantic Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the Public Health Information Network to advance fully capable, interoperable information systems in public health organizations. PHIN prioritizes public health information systems' functional requirements, capabilities, performance measures, and operational characteristics while letting the architects of those systems choose enabling approaches, methods, and concepts to meet the requirements. PHIN also provides

Parsa Mirhaji; Dean Allemang; Robert Coyne; S. Ward Casscells

2007-01-01

231

Pathway to Support the Sustainable National Health Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heath information across geographically distributed healthcare centers has been recognized as an essential resource that drives an efficient national health-care plan. There is thus a need for the National Health Information System (NHIS) that provides the transparent and secure access to health information from different healthcare centers both on demand and in a time efficient manner. As healthiness is the

Naiyana Sahavechaphan; Jedsada Phengsuwan; Suriya U-Ruekolan; Kamron Aroonrua; Jukrapong Ponhan; Nattapon Harnsamut; Sornthep Vannarat

2011-01-01

232

Sharing e-Health Information through Ontological Layering  

Microsoft Academic Search

e-Health information, including patient clinical and demographic data, is very often dispersed across various environments, which either generate them or retrieve them from different sources. Healthcare professionals often need related e-health information in order to obtain a more comprehensive picture of a patient's health status. There are many obstacles to retrieving information and data from heterogeneous sources. In this paper

Pavandeep Kataria; Radmila Juric

2010-01-01

233

Learning Wellness: How Ageing Australians Experience Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given identified synergies between information use and health status greater understanding is needed about how people use information to learn about their health. This paper presents the findings of preliminary research into health information literacy. Analysis of data from semi-structured interviews revealed six different ways ageing Australians…

Yates, Christine; Partridge, Helen; Bruce, Christine

2009-01-01

234

EXTENDING ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEILLANCE TO USEFUL PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing (PHAiRS) is addressing: (1) an atmospheric dust modeling system into which Earth observation (EO) data have been assimilated, and (2) a public health information system that is designed to link environmental data to aggregated health outcome data provided by the New Mexico Department of Health and other public health authorities. The objective is to

Stanley A. Morain; Amelia M. Budge

2008-01-01

235

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case. PMID:9067877

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

236

Health information technology use and health literacy among community-dwelling African Americans.  

PubMed

The purpose of this descriptive, cross-sectional study of African Americans was to determine the purpose and levels of health information technology (IT) use, health literacy [HL] levels, and to explore the relationship between health IT usage and HL levels. Study participants (N = 88) resided in zip codes with low wellness scores. Participants had adequate HL levels, 83% owned a computer, 65% used the Internet to access health information, those with higher education levels were more likely to use a computer to access health information, those with lower HL levels did not use a computer to access health information or to store personal health information. Participants [77%] indicated they would be willing to use a computer-based program to store their personal health information; however, concerns related to privacy were cited. Findings obtained are useful for planning and implementing health IT programs among this population to enhance health outcomes. PMID:23589966

McCleary-Jones, Voncella; Scheideman-Miller, Cynthia; Rev Dorn, James A; Johnson, Birdie; Overall, Mary; Dwyer, Kathleen

2013-01-01

237

Preferences in the Use of Social Media for Seeking and Communicating Health and Lifestyle Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper presents findings from a study investigating the health and lifestyle information behaviour of different groups of Icelanders. The paper focuses on the use of social media and its role in current information behaviour. Method: Quantitative methods were used. Two random samples were used in the study and the data were…

Pálsdóttir, Ágústa

2014-01-01

238

[Information on health: production, consumption and biopower].  

PubMed

This article seeks to elicit misgivings regarding the value attributed to medical truth found in the biomedical literature. The issue of the protection of sexual practices was taken by way of example and the works of thinkers like Nietzsche, Baudrillard, Bourdieu, and especially Michel Foucault, were consulted. This was done in order to consider that the elaboration and use of health information can be interpreted as a practice constituting a policy that dynamically inspires both experts and non-experts on medical truth, constituting a morality that is based on the production and consumption of this truth. It is a policy that Foucault called biopolitics, able to establish ways of living where the exercise of thought does not seem to be so "rewarding," where practices of command and obedience are mediated by health information. In this perspective, physicians and non-physicians have been seduced by the desire to attain the truth, such that the commitment of everyone is seen to concentrate on the production and use of statements that they believe can prolong life and save from getting sick. These are discourses cultivated in the market of a media-dominated society in which individuals controlled by information produce subjectivities that are anchored in the medical-capital truth binomial. PMID:24061035

da Silva, Cléber Domingos Cunha

2013-10-01

239

MedlinePlus Connect: Linking Patient Portals and Electronic Health Records to Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Linking Patient Portals and EHRs to Consumer Health Information MedlinePlus Connect is a free service of ... National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Department of Health and Human ...

240

Research on Trusted Personal Health and Wellness Information in Ubiquitous Health Information Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information structures of current electronic patient record systems (EHRs) are based on the traditional paper-based documentation\\u000a systems. The semantic interoperability of these systems is limited and security aspects are static. The usability and usefulness\\u000a of these systems to citizen-based care model is very limited. In this research we identify the shift to pervasive health care\\u000a where any type of health

P. Nykänen; P. Ruotsalainen; B. Blobel; A. Seppälä

241

Transforming Health Care Delivery Through Consumer Engagement, Health Data Transparency, and Patient-Generated Health Information  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives Address current topics in consumer health informatics. Methods Literature review. Results Current health care delivery systems need to be more effective in the management of chronic conditions as the population turns older and experiences escalating chronic illness that threatens to consume more health care resources than countries can afford. Most health care systems are positioned poorly to accommodate this. Meanwhile, the availability of ever more powerful and cheaper information and communication technology, both for professionals and consumers, has raised the capacity to gather and process information, communicate more effectively, and monitor the quality of care processes. Conclusions Adapting health care systems to serve current and future needs requires new streams of data to enable better self-management, improve shared decision making, and provide more virtual care. Changes in reimbursement for health care services, increased adoption of relevant technologies, patient engagement, and calls for data transparency raise the importance of patient-generated health information, remote monitoring, non-visit based care, and other innovative care approaches that foster more frequent contact with patients and better management of chronic conditions. PMID:25123739

Wald, J. S.

2014-01-01

242

75 FR 32472 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards...the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS....

2010-06-08

243

CONSUMER HEALTH INFORMATION AND THE DEMAND FOR PHYSICIAN VISITS.  

PubMed

The present study empirically investigates the effect of consumer health information on the demand for physician visits. Using a direct information measure based on questions from the Swiss Health Survey, we estimate a Poisson hurdle model for office visits. We find that information has a negative effect on health care utilization, contradicting previous findings in the literature. We consider differences in the used information measures to be the most likely explanation for the different findings. However, our results suggest that increasing consumer health information has the potential to reduce health care expenditures. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25339623

Schmid, Christian

2014-10-22

244

Characteristics associated with Regional Health Information Organization viability  

PubMed Central

Objective Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs) will likely play a key role in our nation's effort to catalyze health information exchange. Yet we know little about why some efforts succeed while others fail. We sought to identify factors associated with RHIO viability. Design Using data from a national survey of RHIOs that we conducted in mid-2008, we examined factors associated with becoming operational and factors associated with financial viability. We used multivariate logistic regression models to identify unique predictors. Measurements We classified RHIOs actively facilitating data exchange as operational and measured financial viability as the percent of operating costs covered by revenue from participants in data exchange (0–24%, 25–74%, 75–100%). Predictors included breadth of participants, breadth of data exchanged, whether the RHIO focused on a specific population, whether RHIO participants had a history of collaborating, and sources of revenue during the planning phase. Results Exchanging a narrow set of data and involving a broad group of stakeholders were independently associated with a higher likelihood of being operational. Involving hospitals and ambulatory physicians, and securing early funding from participants were associated with a higher likelihood of financial viability, while early grant funding seemed to diminish the likelihood. Conclusion Finding ways to help RHIOs become operational and self-sustaining will bolster the current approach to nationwide health information exchange. Our work suggests that convening a broad coalition of stakeholders to focus on a narrow set of data is an important step in helping RHIOs become operational. Convincing stakeholders to financially commit early in the process may help RHIOs become self-sustaining. PMID:20064803

Adler-Milstein, Julia; Landefeld, John; Jha, Ashish K

2010-01-01

245

44 Health Libraries Group 2004 Health Information and Libraries Journal, 21, pp.4451 Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.  

E-print Network

to medical and health issues. This information may become the basis for shared patient/provider communication44 © Health Libraries Group 2004 Health Information and Libraries Journal, 21, pp.44­51 Blackwell Publishing, Ltd. A study of medical and health queries to web search engines Amanda Spink*, Yin Yang, Jim

Jansen, James

246

Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

2012-01-01

247

A rapid equity focused health impact assessment of a policy implementation plan: An Australian case study and impact evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Equity focused health impact assessments (EFHIAs), or health equity impact assessments, are being increasingly promoted internationally as a mechanism for enhancing the consideration of health equity in the development of policies, programs and projects. Despite this there are relatively few examples of examples of completed EFHIAs available. This paper presents a case study of a rapid EFHIA that was

Ben F Harris-Roxas; Patrick J Harris; Elizabeth Harris; Lynn A Kemp

2011-01-01

248

Review of health information technology usability study methodologies  

PubMed Central

Usability factors are a major obstacle to health information technology (IT) adoption. The purpose of this paper is to review and categorize health IT usability study methods and to provide practical guidance on health IT usability evaluation. 2025 references were initially retrieved from the Medline database from 2003 to 2009 that evaluated health IT used by clinicians. Titles and abstracts were first reviewed for inclusion. Full-text articles were then examined to identify final eligibility studies. 629 studies were categorized into the five stages of an integrated usability specification and evaluation framework that was based on a usability model and the system development life cycle (SDLC)-associated stages of evaluation. Theoretical and methodological aspects of 319 studies were extracted in greater detail and studies that focused on system validation (SDLC stage 2) were not assessed further. The number of studies by stage was: stage 1, task-based or user–task interaction, n=42; stage 2, system–task interaction, n=310; stage 3, user–task–system interaction, n=69; stage 4, user–task–system–environment interaction, n=54; and stage 5, user–task–system–environment interaction in routine use, n=199. The studies applied a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Methodological issues included lack of theoretical framework/model, lack of details regarding qualitative study approaches, single evaluation focus, environmental factors not evaluated in the early stages, and guideline adherence as the primary outcome for decision support system evaluations. Based on the findings, a three-level stratified view of health IT usability evaluation is proposed and methodological guidance is offered based upon the type of interaction that is of primary interest in the evaluation. PMID:21828224

Bakken, Suzanne

2011-01-01

249

Review of health information technology usability study methodologies.  

PubMed

Usability factors are a major obstacle to health information technology (IT) adoption. The purpose of this paper is to review and categorize health IT usability study methods and to provide practical guidance on health IT usability evaluation. 2025 references were initially retrieved from the Medline database from 2003 to 2009 that evaluated health IT used by clinicians. Titles and abstracts were first reviewed for inclusion. Full-text articles were then examined to identify final eligibility studies. 629 studies were categorized into the five stages of an integrated usability specification and evaluation framework that was based on a usability model and the system development life cycle (SDLC)-associated stages of evaluation. Theoretical and methodological aspects of 319 studies were extracted in greater detail and studies that focused on system validation (SDLC stage 2) were not assessed further. The number of studies by stage was: stage 1, task-based or user-task interaction, n=42; stage 2, system-task interaction, n=310; stage 3, user-task-system interaction, n=69; stage 4, user-task-system-environment interaction, n=54; and stage 5, user-task-system-environment interaction in routine use, n=199. The studies applied a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Methodological issues included lack of theoretical framework/model, lack of details regarding qualitative study approaches, single evaluation focus, environmental factors not evaluated in the early stages, and guideline adherence as the primary outcome for decision support system evaluations. Based on the findings, a three-level stratified view of health IT usability evaluation is proposed and methodological guidance is offered based upon the type of interaction that is of primary interest in the evaluation. PMID:21828224

Yen, Po-Yin; Bakken, Suzanne

2012-01-01

250

What constitutes an excellent allied health care professional? A multidisciplinary focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Determining what constitutes an excellent allied health care professional (AHCP) is important, since this is what will guide the development of curricula for training future physical therapists, oral hygienists, speech therapists, diagnostic radiographers, and dietitians. This also determines the quality of care. Aim To describe perspectives of AHCPs on which characteristics are commonly associated with an excellent AHCP. Methods AHCPs’ perspectives were derived from three focus group discussions. Twenty-one health care professionals participated. The final analysis of the focus group discussions produced eight domains, in which content validity was obtained through a Delphi panel survey of 27 contributing experts. Results According to the survey, a combination of the following characteristics defines an excellent AHCP: (1) cognizance, to obtain and to apply knowledge in a broad multidisciplinary health care field; (2) cooperativity, to effectively work with others in a multidisciplinary context; (3) communicative, to communicate effectively at different levels in complex situations; (4) initiative, to initiate new ideas, to act proactively, and to follow them through; (5) innovative, to devise new ideas and to implement alternatives beyond current practices; (6) introspective, to self-examine and to reflect; (7) broad perspective, to capture the big picture; and (8) evidence-driven, to find and to use scientific evidence to guide one’s decisions. Conclusion The AHCPs perspectives can be used as a reference for personal improvement for supervisors and professionals in clinical practice and for educational purposes. These perspectives may serve as a guide against which talented students can evaluate themselves. PMID:24049449

Paans, Wolter; Wijkamp, Inge; Wiltens, Egbert; Wolfensberger, Marca V

2013-01-01

251

Privacy and health information: health cards offer a workable solution.  

PubMed

Collections of computerised personal health data present a very real threat to privacy. Access control is difficult to manage in order to maintain privacy and at the same time to retain flexibility of usage. The legal situation is clear, imposing a requirement to respect personal privacy and human rights. Primary users (those whose access is based on a duty of care) may exceed their authorisation and access records where they have no duty of care or need to know. Secondary users (those generating analyses, research reports and financial management data) may be given access to datasets containing identifiers which are not required for their work. The 'owners' of the data (e.g. government) may use them in ways that are inconsistent with the permissions under which the data were provided (e.g. by permitting links to other databases to create 'new' information), behind closed doors and without independent audit. Currently there is a crisis emerging in which professionals are arguing that they are being compelled to compromise their ethical responsibilities to their patients, and government is responding that their measures are necessary to preserve access to quality data for research and planning. This paper proposes an integrated plan for managing these issues in a manner that is ethically sustainable, as well as in keeping with all provisions of the law, using a personal health card. PMID:19192327

Neame, Roderick

2008-01-01

252

Health Information Services Phone: 203-432-7741  

E-print Network

information HIV related information, including AIDS related testing Mental Health Information Signature of the Connecticut General Statutes as well as Title 42 of the United States code. This material shall Health Information Services Phone: 203-432-7741 Fax: 203-432-1102 Authorization for Use

253

Health Care Information in African-American Churches  

PubMed Central

Churches are a trusted resource in African American communities; however, little is known about their presentation of health care information. This study characterized health care information disseminated by 11 African American churches. Content analysis conducted on print media systematically collected over one year used a coding scheme with .77 intercoder reliability. Health care information was identified in 243 items and represented three topics (screening, medical services, health insurance). Screening was the most common topic (n=156), flyers/handouts most often used (n=90), and the church the most common source (n=71). Using chi-square tests, information was assessed over time with health insurance information showing a statistically significant increase (?2=6.08, p <.05). Study churches provided health care information at varying levels of detail with most coming from church and community publications. Future research should examine additional characteristics of health care information, its presence in other churches and community settings, and how exposure influences behaviors. PMID:24509024

Harmon, Brook E.; Kim, Sei-Hill; Blake, Christine E.; Hébert, James R.

2014-01-01

254

From the Director: Surfing the Web for Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Issue Past Issues From the Director: Surfing the Web for Health Information Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table ... all information on the Internet is reliable. Some Web sites post inaccurate or biased medical information. Others ...

255

Maternal health issues and cardio-metabolic outcomes in the offspring: A focus on Indigenous populations.  

PubMed

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease are the leading causes of death worldwide. Indigenous populations are disproportionally affected. In an effort to halt the increasing disease burden, the mechanisms underlying the increasing rate of NCDs are an important area of study. Recent evidence has focused on the perinatal period as an influential period impacting the future cardio-metabolic health of the offspring. This concept has been defined as metabolic foetal programming and supports the importance of the developmental origins of health and disease in research and clinical practice, specifically in prevention efforts to protect future generations from NCDs. An understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved is not clear as of yet. However, an understanding of these mechanisms is imperative in order to plan effective intervention strategies. As much of the discussion below is gleaned from large epidemiological studies and animal studies, further research with prospective cohorts is necessary. PMID:25238683

Wicklow, Brandy A; Sellers, Elizabeth A C

2015-01-01

256

Health information systems in humanitarian emergencies.  

PubMed

Health information systems (HIS) in emergencies face a double dilemma: the information necessary to understand and respond to humanitarian crises must be timely and detailed, whereas the circumstances of these crises makes it challenging to collect it. Building on the technical work of the Health Metrics Network on HIS and starting with a systemic definition of HIS in emergencies, this paper reviews the various data-collection platforms in these contexts, looking at their respective contributions to providing what humanitarian actors need to know to target their intervention to where the needs really are. Although reporting or sampling errors are unavoidable, it is important to identify them and acknowledge the limitations inherent in generalizing data that were collected in highly heterogeneous environments. To perform well in emergencies, HIS require integration and participation. In spite of notable efforts to coordinate data collection and dissemination practices among humanitarian agencies, it is noted that coordination on the ground depends on the strengths and presence of a lead agency, often WHO, and on the commitment of humanitarian agencies to investing resources in data production. Poorly integrated HIS generate fragmented, incomplete and often contradictory statistics, a situation that leads to a misuse of numbers with negative consequences on humanitarian interventions. As a means to avoid confusion regarding humanitarian health statistics, this paper stresses the importance of submitting statistics to a rigorous and coordinated auditing process prior to their publication. The audit trail should describe the various steps of the data production chains both technically and operationally, and indicate the limits and assumptions under which each number can be used. Finally emphasis is placed on the ethical obligation for humanitarian agencies to ensure that the necessary safeguards on data are in place to protect the confidentiality of victims and minority groups in politically sensitive contexts. PMID:16184277

Thieren, Michel

2005-08-01

257

Use of health information technology to reduce diagnostic errors  

PubMed Central

Background Health information technology (HIT) systems have the potential to reduce delayed, missed or incorrect diagnoses. We describe and classify the current state of diagnostic HIT and identify future research directions. Methods A multi-pronged literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, backwards and forwards reference searches and contributions from domain experts. We included HIT systems evaluated in clinical and experimental settings as well as previous reviews, and excluded radiology computer-aided diagnosis, monitor alerts and alarms, and studies focused on disease staging and prognosis. Articles were organised within a conceptual framework of the diagnostic process and areas requiring further investigation were identified. Results HIT approaches, tools and algorithms were identified and organised into 10 categories related to those assisting: (1) information gathering; (2) information organisation and display; (3) differential diagnosis generation; (4) weighing of diagnoses; (5) generation of diagnostic plan; (6) access to diagnostic reference information; (7) facilitating follow-up; (8) screening for early detection in asymptomatic patients; (9) collaborative diagnosis; and (10) facilitating diagnostic feedback to clinicians. We found many studies characterising potential interventions, but relatively few evaluating the interventions in actual clinical settings and even fewer demonstrating clinical impact. Conclusions Diagnostic HIT research is still in its early stages with few demonstrations of measurable clinical impact. Future efforts need to focus on: (1) improving methods and criteria for measurement of the diagnostic process using electronic data; (2) better usability and interfaces in electronic health records; (3) more meaningful incorporation of evidence-based diagnostic protocols within clinical workflows; and (4) systematic feedback of diagnostic performance. PMID:23852973

El-Kareh, Robert; Hasan, Omar; Schiff, Gordon D

2013-01-01

258

Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter?  

PubMed

Consumers facing barriers to healthcare access may use online health information seeking and online communication with physicians, but the empirical relationship has not been sufficiently analyzed. Our study examines the association of barriers to healthcare access with consumers' health-related information searching on the internet, use of health chat groups, and email communication with physicians, using data from 27,210 adults from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. Individuals with financial barriers to healthcare access, difficulty getting timely appointments with doctors, and conflicts in scheduling during clinic hours are more likely to search for general health information online than those without these access barriers. Those unable to get timely appointments with physicians are more likely to participate in health chat groups and email physicians. The internet may offer a low-cost source of health information and could help meet the heightened demand for health-related information among those facing access barriers to care. PMID:24948558

Bhandari, Neeraj; Shi, Yunfeng; Jung, Kyoungrae

2014-01-01

259

IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF HEALTH CARE INFORMATION THROUGH ELECTRONIC MEANS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Around 40 years ago the health care sector began to look towards computers to help with the everyday functions that clinicians performed. While a good idea at the time, it took 20 years before the concept of a health care or health information system was truly accepted as the information and communication technology had matured enough to implement the systems.

Steven Thomson; Dalenca Pottas

260

Page 1 of 2 Mental Health Services Provider Information  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 2 Mental Health Services Provider Information Section 81.003 of the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code requires employers of persons who provide Mental Health Services to make inquiries, and former patients. Please read the following information regarding mental health services and providers

Lichtarge, Olivier

261

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR HEALTH INSURANCE AND OTHER INSURANCE BENEFITS  

E-print Network

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR HEALTH INSURANCE AND OTHER INSURANCE BENEFITS Don't forget to sign up for health insurance in your first 30 days of employment! This information is for new Graduate Teaching, Program or Project Assistants eligible for health coverage and other insurance plans. As a newly

Saldin, Dilano

262

Communication Networking: ICTs and health information in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the African health sector. In particular, it shows the benefits that ICTs can bring to African health care systems in the areas of medical information, clinical data exchange, treatment, health education campaigns and international collaboration between African medical experts and their colleagues abroad. Despite the potential benefits and

Tokunbo Ojo

2006-01-01

263

Completely Isolated? Health Information Seeking among Social Isolates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better target messages it is important to determine where people seek their health information. Interpersonal networks are a common way most people gather health information, but some people have limited networks. Using data from the 2004 General Social Survey (N = 984), we compared social isolates and nonisolates in their health

Askelson, Natoshia M.; Campo, Shelly; Carter, Knute D.

2011-01-01

264

HIPAA Policy 5026 Reporting Protected Health Information (PHI) Compliance Issues  

E-print Network

HIPAA Policy 5026 Reporting Protected Health Information (PHI) Compliance Issues Responsible Office by a #12;HIPAA Policy 5026 - Reporting Protected Health Information (PHI) Compliance Issues 1/31/2014 Page or future physical or mental health or condition of an indiv

Johnson, Marcia K.

265

An expert assessment on climate change and health – with a European focus on lungs and allergies  

PubMed Central

Background For almost 20 years, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has been assessing the potential health risks associated with climate change; with increasingly convincing evidence that climate change presents existing impacts on human health. In industrialized countries climate change may further affect public health and in particular respiratory health, through existing health stressors, including, anticipated increased number of deaths and acute morbidity due to heat waves; increased frequency of cardiopulmonary events due to higher concentrations of air pollutants; and altered spatial and temporal distribution of allergens and some infectious disease vectors. Additionally exposure to moulds and contaminants from water damaged buildings may increase. Methods We undertook an expert elicitation amongst European researchers engaged in environmental medicine or respiratory health. All experts were actively publishing researchers on lung disease and air pollution, climate and health or a closely related research. We conducted an online questionnaire on proposed causal diagrams and determined levels of confidence that climate change will have an impact on a series of stressors. In a workshop following the online questionnaire, half of the experts further discussed the results and reasons for differences in assessments of the state of knowledge on exposures and health effects. Results Out of 16 experts, 100% expressed high to very high confidence that climate change would increase the frequency of heat waves. At least half expressed high or very high confidence that climate change would increase levels of pollen (50%), particulate matter (PM2.5) (55%), and ozone (70%). While clarity is needed around the impacts of increased exposures to health impacts of some stressors, including ozone and particulate matter levels, it was noted that definitive knowledge is not a prerequisite for policy action. Information to the public, preventive measures, monitoring and warning systems were among the most commonly mentioned preventative actions. Conclusions This group of experts identifies clear health risks associated with climate change, and express opinions about these risks even while they do not necessarily regard themselves as covering all areas of expertise. Since some changes in exposure have already been observed, the consensus is that there is already a scientific basis for preventative action, and that the associated adaptation and mitigation policies should also be evidence based. PMID:22759504

2012-01-01

266

Master's Degree in Management Information Systems with a Supply Chain Management Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate curriculum in Management Information Systems with a Supply Chain Management focus is presented. The motivation for this endeavor stems from the fact that the global scope of modern business organizations and the competitive environment in which they operate, requires an information system leveraged supply chain management system (SCM)…

Ramaswamy, Kizhanatham V.; Boyd, Joseph L.; Desai, Mayur

2007-01-01

267

The economic benefits of health information exchange interoperability for Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To estimate costs and benefits for Aus- tralia of implementing health information exchange interoperability among health care providers and other health care stakeholders. Design: A cost-benefit model considering four lev- els of interoperability (Level 1, paper based; Level 2, machine transportable; Level 3, machine readable; and Level 4, machine interpretable) was developed for Government-funded health services, then vali- dated

Peter Sprivulis; Jan Walker; Douglas Johnston; Eric Pan; Julia Adler-Milstein; Blackford Middleton; David W Bates

2007-01-01

268

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources  

E-print Network

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources: An Introductory Tour Gurpreet K. Rana, MLIS Global Health Coordinator Taubman Health Sciences Library preet@umich.edu #12;· establishing long-term goals and effective strategies to meet global health objectives · developing partnerships

Eustice, Ryan

269

Informal settlements and a relational view of health in Nairobi, Kenya: sanitation, gender and dignity.  

PubMed

On an urban planet, slums or informal settlements present an increasing challenge for health promotion. The living conditions in complex informal settlements interact with how people navigate through their daily lives and political institutions to shape health inequities. In this article, we suggest that only a relational place-based characterization of informal settlements can accurately capture the forces contributing to existing urban health inequities and inform appropriate and effective health promotion interventions. We explore our relational framework using household survey, spatial mapping and qualitative focus group data gathered in partnership with residents and non-governmental organizations in the Mathare informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. All data interpretation included participation with local residents and organizations. We focus on the inter-relationships between inadequate sanitation and disease, social, economic and human rights for women and girls, who we show are most vulnerable from poor slum infrastructure. We suggest that this collaborative process results in co-produced insights about the meanings and relationships between infrastructure, security, resilience and health. We conclude that complex informal settlements require relational and context-specific data gathering and analyses to understand the multiple determinants of health and to inform appropriate and effective healthy city interventions. PMID:25421267

Corburn, Jason; Karanja, Irene

2014-11-24

270

Role of Consumer Information in Today's Health Care System  

PubMed Central

This overview discusses articles published in this issue of the Health Care Financing Review, entitled “Consumer Information in a Changing Health Care System.” The overview describes several trends promoting more active consumer participation in health decisions and how consumer information facilitates that role. Major issues in developing consumer information are presented, stressing how orientation to consumer needs and use of social marketing techniques can yield improvement. The majority of the articles published in this issue of the Review discuss different aspects of information for choice of health plan, ranging from consumer perspectives on their information needs and their comprehension of quality indicators, to methods used for providing such information, such as direct counseling and comparative health plan performance data. The article concludes with thoughts on how we will know if we succeed in developing effective consumer health information. PMID:10165025

Sangl, Judith A.; Wolf, Linda F.

1996-01-01

271

Health information exchange, system size and information silos.  

PubMed

There are many technology platforms that bring benefits only when users share data. In healthcare, this is a key policy issue, because of the potential cost savings and quality improvements from 'big data' in the form of sharing electronic patient data across medical providers. Indeed, one criterion used for federal subsidies for healthcare information technology is whether the software has the capability to share data. We find empirically that larger hospital systems are more likely to exchange electronic patient information internally, but are less likely to exchange patient information externally with other hospitals. This pattern is driven by instances where there may be a commercial cost to sharing data with other hospitals. Our results suggest that the common strategy of using 'marquee' large users to kick-start a platform technology has an important drawback of potentially creating information silos. This suggests that federal subsidies for health data technologies based on 'meaningful use' criteria, that are based simply on the capability to share data rather than actual sharing of data, may be misplaced. PMID:24246484

Miller, Amalia R; Tucker, Catherine

2014-01-01

272

Diasporic Information Environments: Re-Framing Immigrant-Focused Information Research  

E-print Network

basic English literacy information, information about basicinformation technologies within understandings of speci?c community literacies,literacy and coping skills run by the Queens Borough Public Library in New York City might function as information

Srinivasan, Ramesh; Pyati, Ajit

2007-01-01

273

Satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town, Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia; a facility based cross-sectional study triangulated with qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Client satisfaction is essential for further improvement of quality of focused antenatal care and to provide uniform health care services for pregnant women. However, studies on level of client satisfaction with focused antenatal care and associated factors are lacking. So, the purpose of this study is to assess satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town. Methods A facility based cross-sectional study involving both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection was used from Feb 1-30/2013. Three hundred eighty nine pregnant women those come to the health centers were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussion guide was employed to obtain the necessary information for this study. Quantitative data was analysed using SPSS for windows version 16.0. Logistic regression model was used to compare level of satisfaction by predictors’ variables. Qualitative data was analyzed based on thematic frameworks to support the quantitative results. Result More than half of the respondents (60.4%) were satisfied with the service that they received. As to specific components, most of the respondents (80.7%) were satisfied with interpersonal aspects, and 62.2% were satisfied with organization of health care aspect. Meanwhile, 49.9% of the respondents were not satisfied with technical quality aspect and 67.1% were not satisfied with physical environment aspect. Multivariate logistic regression analysis result showed that type of health center, educational status of mother, monthly income of the family, type of pregnancy and history of stillbirth were the predictors of the level of satisfaction. The study found out that dissatisfaction was high in mothers utilizing service at Jimma health center, in mothers with tertiary educational level, in mothers with average monthly family income >1000birr, in mothers with unplanned pregnancy and in mothers with history of stillbirth. Conclusions Even though greater percentages of women (60.4%) were satisfied with the focused antenatal care service, the level of satisfaction was lower compared to other studies. The investigator recommends that patient feedback should be recognized as a legitimate method of evaluating health services in the health center as a whole. PMID:24646407

2014-01-01

274

Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

275

Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

276

Health Information in Oromo (Afaan Oromo): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Oromo (Afaan Oromo) C Chlamydia Infections Chlamydia - English Dhukkuba Chlamydia - Afaan Oromo (Oromo) PDF Minnesota Department of Health D Diabetes ...

277

Health Information in Swahili (Kiswahili): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Swahili (Kiswahili) C Carbon Monoxide Poisoning If You Don' ... ZUIA SUMU KUTOKANA NA YA CARBON MONOXIDE - Kiswahili (Swahili) Public Health - Seattle and King County Date last ...

278

Media complementarity and health information seeking in Puerto Rico.  

PubMed

This investigation incorporates the Orientation1-Stimulus-Orientation2-Response model on the antecedents and outcomes of individual-level complementarity of media use in health information seeking. A secondary analysis of the Health Information National Trends Survey Puerto Rico data suggests that education and gender were positively associated with individual-level media complementarity of health information seeking, which, in turn, was positively associated with awareness of health concepts and organizations, and this awareness was positively associated with a specific health behavior: fruit and vegetable consumption. This study extends the research in media complementarity and health information use; it provides an integrative social psychological model empirically supported by the Health Information National Trends Survey Puerto Rico data. PMID:24377383

Tian, Yan; Robinson, James D

2014-01-01

279

A Self-Disclosure Model for Personal Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technologies (IT) to collect personal health information is growing in popularity via computer-assisted interviewing and a wide variety of healthcare Web sites. However, a review of the literature on computer-assisted interviewing exhibits confounding and equivocal results regarding the effects of IT on individuals' willingness to disclose socially sensitive health information. Some studies revealed individuals' heightened concerns

Lotus E. Kam; William G. Chismar

2003-01-01

280

Protecting the Privacy and Security of Your Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Protecting the Privacy and Security of Your Health Information The privacy and security of patient health information is a top priority ... only the right people have access to your information. Learn About Your Security Be Responsible While Federal law can protect your ...

281

The Combined Health Information Database (CHD) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this unified database of bibliographic records has been available to the public since 1985, and now sports a clean new interface. There are sixteen separately maintained databases that can be searched individually or at once, ranging from AIDS Education and Alzheimers Disease to Cancer Prevention and Weight Control. The simple search interface offers a single box into which keywords are entered. The detailed search interface allows the user to specify date of publication, media type, and language, and provides multiple query boxes that may be linked together by Boolean operators. Searches return lists of matches, from which individual bibliographic records (including abstracts) may be viewed. Reprint ordering procedures are also listed. Users may also browse information on the scope and coverage of each of the sixteen databases.

1997-01-01

282

Using information technology to exchange health information among healthcare providers : measuring usage and understanding value  

E-print Network

Health information exchange (HIE) - the electronic exchange of health information among healthcare institutions - has been projected to hold enormous promise as an antidote to the fragmented healthcare delivery system in ...

Rudin, Robert (Robert Samuel)

2011-01-01

283

Consumer Health Informatics: Health Information Technology for Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains consumer health informatics and describes the technology advances, the computer programs that are currently available, and the basic research that addresses both the effectiveness of computer health informatics and its impact on the future direction of health care. Highlights include commercial computer products for consumers and…

Jimison, Holly Brugge; Sher, Paul Phillip

1995-01-01

284

Oral health information systems--towards measuring progress in oral health promotion and disease prevention.  

PubMed Central

This article describes the essential components of oral health information systems for the analysis of trends in oral disease and the evaluation of oral health programmes at the country, regional and global levels. Standard methodology for the collection of epidemiological data on oral health has been designed by WHO and used by countries worldwide for the surveillance of oral disease and health. Global, regional and national oral health databanks have highlighted the changing patterns of oral disease which primarily reflect changing risk profiles and the implementation of oral health programmes oriented towards disease prevention and health promotion. The WHO Oral Health Country/Area Profile Programme (CAPP) provides data on oral health from countries, as well as programme experiences and ideas targeted to oral health professionals, policy-makers, health planners, researchers and the general public. WHO has developed global and regional oral health databanks for surveillance, and international projects have designed oral health indicators for use in oral health information systems for assessing the quality of oral health care and surveillance systems. Modern oral health information systems are being developed within the framework of the WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance of noncommunicable, chronic disease, and data stored in the WHO Global InfoBase may allow advanced health systems research. Sound knowledge about progress made in prevention of oral and chronic disease and in health promotion may assist countries to implement effective public health programmes to the benefit of the poor and disadvantaged population groups worldwide. PMID:16211160

Petersen, Poul Erik; Bourgeois, Denis; Bratthall, Douglas; Ogawa, Hiroshi

2005-01-01

285

American Health Information Management Association. Position statement. Issue: managing health information in facility mergers and acquisitions.  

PubMed

Healthcare facility mergers and acquisitions are becoming more common as the industry consolidates. Many critical issues must be considered in mergers and acquisitions, including the management of patient health information. In addition to operational issues, licensure, regulatory, and accreditation requirements must be addressed. To ensure availability of health information to all legitimate users, patient records should be consolidated or linked in the master patient index. A record retention policy should be developed and implemented to meet user needs and assure compliance with legal, regulatory, and accreditation requirements. If health information from closed facilities will be stored for a period of time, its integrity and confidentiality must be preserved, and it must be readily accessible for patient care. The compatibility and functionality of existing information systems should be assessed, and a plan should be formulated for integration of the systems to the extent possible. Such integration may be essential for the organization to successfully meet the demands of integrated delivery systems. Existing databases should be maintained in an accessible form to meet anticipated future needs. PMID:10133022

1994-04-01

286

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County: collaboration in consumer health information service.  

PubMed

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County is a new collaborative consumer health information service of the Jefferson County public libraries and the UAB Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences. Working with the input and cooperation of local voluntary health agencies, health care professionals and other health information providers, the intent is to improve the efficiency with which consumers might access such information while avoiding duplication of effort on the part of the information providers. Various considerations in InfoNet's mission include providing service not only to established library and Internet users, but also those on the other side of the "digital divide" as well as those with low literacy skills or English as a second language. The role of health care professionals in guiding their patients to the best consumer health information resources is emphasized. PMID:11757392

Smith, K H

2001-01-01

287

Enhancing access to health information in Africa: a librarian's perspective.  

PubMed

In recent years, tremendous progress has been made toward providing health information in Africa, in part because of technological advancements. Nevertheless, ensuring that information is accessible, comprehensible, and usable remains problematic, and there remain needs in many settings to address issues such as computer skills, literacy, and the infrastructure to access information. To determine how librarians might play a more strategic role in meeting information needs of health professionals in Africa, the author reviewed key components of information systems pertinent to knowledge management for the health sector, including access to global online resources, capacity to use computer technology for information retrieval, information literacy, and the potential for professional networks to play a role in improving access to and use of information. The author concluded that, in regions that lack adequate information systems, librarians could apply their knowledge and skills to facilitate access and use by information seekers. Ensuring access to and use of health information can also be achieved by engaging organizations and associations working to enhance access to health information, such as the Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa. These groups can provide assistance through training, dissemination, information repackaging, and other approaches known to improve information literacy. PMID:22724668

Gathoni, Nasra

2012-01-01

288

Consumer health information and local health resources: MedlinePlus and My Health Minnesota --> Go Local Outreach Efforts.  

PubMed

The University of Minnesota Health Sciences Libraries and an NLM Public Health Informationist Fellow are designing, implementing and evaluating outreach and training related to the My Health Minnesota --> Go Local project. The goal is to enhance the skills of public health and community based organizations in assisting community members with health information needs. Ultimately, this project seeks to improve health literacy among Minnesota citizens. PMID:18998897

Watson, Linda A; Brasure, Michelle B

2008-01-01

289

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2014-2015  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences course in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 3 Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial

Barrash, Warren

290

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences course in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 3 Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial

Barrash, Warren

291

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2012-2013  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences course in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial Accounting ACCT

Barrash, Warren

292

Aged care in Indonesia: information needs of health care professionals in community health centers.  

PubMed

This study assessed the usefulness and relevance of the information, which had been provided by the Ministry of Health for use in community health centers. Furthermore, this identified the needs of health professionals in terms of relevant information for providing health care to the elderly in the community health centers. A total of 105 questionnaires were administered to 35 doctors and 70 health care workers. The overall response rate of the 105 questionnaires sent out was 80%. Findings revealed that the overall opinion expressed by the health professionals was that the information leaflets, in general, were good. However, some gaps existed between the information provided by the Ministry of Health and the information needs perceived by health professionals working in community health centers for providing health care to the elderly. The majority commented that pertinent information on health problems related to hypertension, arthritis, and heart disease needed to be added. Furthermore, effective pre-testing of the prepared information materials with the target groups before their production and distribution may lessen such gaps or deficiencies. Recommendations to ensure appropriate information are also given and presented in this article. PMID:12322445

Sakti, G M; Boldy, D P

1998-01-01

293

Diffusion of personal health information services: self-determining and empowering practices for Manitoba Inuit.  

PubMed

This article highlights findings from research conducted with the Manitoba Urban Inuit Association with regard to culturally safe practices for communicating personal health information services related to a provincial integrated electronic health record. By applying a "two-eyed seeing research approach," which incorporates traditional and Western scientific perspectives, the author describes Inuit cultural considerations when communicating electronic health concepts with a vision of advancing toward program evaluation opportunities. The research is supported by two Inuit-driven focus groups, interviews with three jurisdictional representatives of electronic health program delivery agencies and one interview with an Inuk elder. PMID:24844716

Clark, Wayne Voisey

2014-01-01

294

Exploring health information technology education: an analysis of the research.  

PubMed

This article is an analysis of the Health Information Technology Education published research. The purpose of this study was to examine selected literature using variables such as journal frequency, keyword analysis, universities associated with the research and geographic diversity. The analysis presented in this paper has identified intellectually significant studies that have contributed to the development and accumulation of intellectual wealth of Health Information Technology. The keyword analysis suggests that Health Information Technology research has evolved from establishing concepts and domains of health information systems, technology and management to contemporary issues such as education, outsourcing, web services and security. The research findings have implications for educators, researchers, journal. PMID:23000557

Virgona, Thomas

2012-01-01

295

COMMUNICATING PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION EFFECTIVELY POP HEALTH SCIENCES 660 (1 credit)  

E-print Network

1 COMMUNICATING PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION EFFECTIVELY POP HEALTH SCIENCES 660 (1 credit) Summer based on scientific and practical recommendations. Students will learn how to communicate public health of public health. I. COURSE DESCRIPTION The format of this course will consist of brief lectures, small

Sheridan, Jennifer

296

Tribal connections health information outreach: results, evaluation, and challenges.  

PubMed

In 1997, the National Library of Medicine (NLM), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), initiated a program of intensified outreach to Native Americans, initially focusing on the Pacific Northwest in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Regional Medical Library (PNRML). This initiative, known as the Tribal Connections Project, emphasized the establishment or strengthening of Internet connections at select Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and related needs assessment and training. The hope was that these efforts would improve tribal access to health information available via the Internet and the Web. Phase I included sixteen tribal sites--eight in Washington, four in Alaska, two in Montana, and one each in Oregon and Idaho. Phase I results indicate that the project was successful in assessing local needs and building awareness of the Internet, forging new partnerships with and between the participating Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and other organizations, making real improvements in the information technology (IT) infrastructure and Internet connectivity at fifteen of sixteen sites, and conducting training sessions with several hundred tribal participants across thirteen sites. Most importantly, the project demonstrated the key role of tribal community involvement and empowerment and contributed to development of an outreach evaluation field manual and the evolving concept of community-based outreach. The knowledge gained from Tribal Connections Project Phase I is helping refine and enhance subsequent NLM-sponsored tribal connections and similar community outreach efforts. PMID:12568158

Wood, Fred B; Sahali, Roy; Press, Nancy; Burroughs, Catherine; Mala, Theodore A; Siegel, Elliot R; Rambo, Neil; Fuller, Sherrilynne S

2003-01-01

297

Tribal connections health information outreach: results, evaluation, and challenges  

PubMed Central

In 1997, the National Library of Medicine (NLM), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), initiated a program of intensified outreach to Native Americans, initially focusing on the Pacific Northwest in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Regional Medical Library (PNRML). This initiative, known as the Tribal Connections Project, emphasized the establishment or strengthening of Internet connections at select Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and related needs assessment and training. The hope was that these efforts would improve tribal access to health information available via the Internet and the Web. Phase I included sixteen tribal sites—eight in Washington, four in Alaska, two in Montana, and one each in Oregon and Idaho. Phase I results indicate that the project was successful in assessing local needs and building awareness of the Internet, forging new partnerships with and between the participating Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and other organizations, making real improvements in the information technology (IT) infrastructure and Internet connectivity at fifteen of sixteen sites, and conducting training sessions with several hundred tribal participants across thirteen sites. Most importantly, the project demonstrated the key role of tribal community involvement and empowerment and contributed to development of an outreach evaluation field manual and the evolving concept of community-based outreach. The knowledge gained from Tribal Connections Project Phase I is helping refine and enhance subsequent NLM-sponsored tribal connections and similar community outreach efforts. PMID:12568158

Wood, Fred B.; Sahali, Roy; Press, Nancy; Burroughs, Catherine; Mala, Theodore A.; Siegel, Elliot R.; Fuller, Sherrilynne S.; Rambo, Neil

2003-01-01

298

Pilot Study in the Development of an Interactive Multimedia Learning Environment for Sexual Health Interventions: A Focus Group Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK there are high rates of sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies amongst young people. There is limited and contradictory evidence that current sexual health education interventions are effective or that they improve access to appropriate sexual health services. This paper describes the outcome of focus group work with…

Goold, P. C.; Bustard, S.; Ferguson, E.; Carlin, E. M.; Neal, K.; Bowman, C. A.

2006-01-01

299

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2010-10-01

300

Impact and user satisfaction of a clinical information portal embedded in an electronic health record.  

PubMed

In 2008, a clinical information tool was developed and embedded in the electronic health record system of an academic medical center. In 2009, the initial information tool, Clinical-e, was superseded by a portal called Clinical Focus, with a single search box enabling a federated search of selected online information resources. To measure the usefulness and impact of Clinical Focus, a survey was used to gather feedback about users' experience with this clinical resource. The survey determined what type of clinicians were using this tool and assessed user satisfaction and perceived impact on patient care decision making. Initial survey results suggest the majority of respondents found Clinical Focus easy to navigate, the content easy to read, and the retrieved information relevant and complete. The majority would recommend Clinical Focus to their colleagues. Results indicate that this tool is a promising area for future development. PMID:22016670

Tannery, Nancy H; Epstein, Barbara A; Wessel, Charles B; Yarger, Frances; LaDue, John; Klem, Mary Lou

2011-01-01

301

Evaluating a Web-Based Health Risk Assessment With Tailored Feedback: What Does an Expert Focus Group Yield Compared to a Web-Based End-User Survey?  

PubMed Central

Background Increasingly, Web-based health applications are developed for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. However, their reach and utilization is often disappointing. Qualitative evaluations post-implementation can be used to inform the optimization process and ultimately enhance their adoption. In current practice, such evaluations are mainly performed with end-user surveys. However, a review approach by experts in a focus group may be easier to administer and might provide similar results. Objective The aim of this study was to assess whether industrial design engineers in a focus group would address the same issues as end users in a Web-based survey when evaluating a commercial Web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback. Methods Seven Dutch companies used the HRA as part of their corporate health management strategy. Employees using the HRA (N=2289) and 10 independent industrial designers were invited to participate in the study. The HRA consisted of four components: (1) an electronic health questionnaire, (2) biometric measurements, (3) laboratory evaluation, and (4) individually tailored feedback generated by decision support software. After participating in the HRA as end users, both end users and designers evaluated the program. End users completed an evaluation questionnaire that included a free-text field. Designers participated in a focus group discussion. Constructs from user satisfaction and technology acceptance theories were used to categorize and compare the remarks from both evaluations. Results We assessed and qualitatively analyzed 294 remarks of 189 end users and 337 remarks of 6 industrial designers, pertaining to 295 issues in total. Of those, 137 issues were addressed in the end-user survey and 148 issues in the designer focus group. Only 7.3% (10/137) of the issues addressed in the survey were also addressed in the focus group. End users made more remarks about the usefulness of the HRA and prior expectations that were not met. Designers made more remarks about how the information was presented to end users, quality of the feedback provided by the HRA, recommendations on the marketing and on how to create more unity in the design of the HRA, and on how to improve the HRA based on these issues. Conclusions End-user surveys should not be substituted for expert focus groups. Issues identified by end users in the survey and designers in the focus group differed considerably, and the focus group produced a lot of new issues. The issues addressed in the focus group often focused on different aspects of user satisfaction and technology acceptance than those addressed by the survey participants; when they did focus on the same aspects, then the nature of issues differed considerably in content. PMID:24384408

Vosbergen, Sandra; Mahieu, Guy R; Laan, Eva K; Kraaijenhagen, Roderik A; Jaspers, Monique WM

2014-01-01

302

Health Beliefs and Practices Related to Dengue Fever: A Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

Background This qualitative study aimed to provide an in-depth understanding of the meaning of dengue fever (DF) amongst people living in a dengue endemic region, dengue prevention and treatment-seeking behaviours. The Health Belief Model was used as a framework to explore and understand dengue prevention behaviours. Methods A total of 14 focus group discussions were conducted with 84 Malaysian citizens of different socio-demographic backgrounds between 16th December, 2011 and 12th May, 2012. Results The study revealed that awareness about DF and prevention measures were high. The pathophysiology of dengue especially dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) were rarely known; as a result, it was seen as deadly by some but was also perceived as easily curable by others without a basis of understanding. Young adults and elderly participants had a low perception of susceptibility to DF. In general, the low perceived susceptibility emerged as two themes, namely a perceived natural ability to withstand infection and a low risk of being in contact with the dengue virus vector, Aedes spp. mosquitoes. The barriers to sustained self-prevention against dengue prevention that emerged in focus groups were: i) lack of self-efficacy, ii) lack of perceived benefit, iii) low perceived susceptibility, and iv) unsure perceived susceptibility. Low perceived benefit of continued dengue prevention practices was a result of lack of concerted action against dengue in their neighborhood. Traditional medical practices and home remedies were widely perceived and experienced as efficacious in treating DF. Conclusion Behavioural change towards attaining sustainability in dengue preventive practices may be enhanced by fostering comprehensive knowledge of dengue and a change in health beliefs. Wide use of unconventional therapy for DF warrants the need to enlighten the public to limit their reliance on unproven alternative treatments. PMID:23875045

Wong, Li Ping; AbuBakar, Sazaly

2013-01-01

303

is a public health information campaign brought to you by the following Health Promotion programs  

E-print Network

#12;Do YOU! Do YOU! is a public health information campaign brought to you by the following Health = be confident, smile, and introduce yourself You've met someone you're attracted to. Now what? Tips for making

Kammen, Daniel M.

304

Exploring the Far Side of Mobile Health: Information Security and Privacy of Mobile Health Apps on iOS and Android  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile health (mHealth) apps aim at providing seamless access to tailored health information technology and have the potential to alleviate global health burdens. Yet, they bear risks to information security and privacy because users need to reveal private, sensitive medical information to redeem certain benefits. Due to the plethora and diversity of available mHealth apps, implications for information security and privacy are unclear and complex. Objective The objective of this study was to establish an overview of mHealth apps offered on iOS and Android with a special focus on potential damage to users through information security and privacy infringements. Methods We assessed apps available in English and offered in the categories “Medical” and “Health & Fitness” in the iOS and Android App Stores. Based on the information retrievable from the app stores, we established an overview of available mHealth apps, tagged apps to make offered information machine-readable, and clustered the discovered apps to identify and group similar apps. Subsequently, information security and privacy implications were assessed based on health specificity of information available to apps, potential damage through information leaks, potential damage through information manipulation, potential damage through information loss, and potential value of information to third parties. Results We discovered 24,405 health-related apps (iOS; 21,953; Android; 2452). Absence or scarceness of ratings for 81.36% (17,860/21,953) of iOS and 76.14% (1867/2452) of Android apps indicates that less than a quarter of mHealth apps are in more or less widespread use. Clustering resulted in 245 distinct clusters, which were consolidated into 12 app archetypes grouping clusters with similar assessments of potential damage through information security and privacy infringements. There were 6426 apps that were excluded during clustering. The majority of apps (95.63%, 17,193/17,979; of apps) pose at least some potential damage through information security and privacy infringements. There were 11.67% (2098/17,979) of apps that scored the highest assessments of potential damages. Conclusions Various kinds of mHealth apps collect and offer critical, sensitive, private medical information, calling for a special focus on information security and privacy of mHealth apps. In order to foster user acceptance and trust, appropriate security measures and processes need to be devised and employed so that users can benefit from seamlessly accessible, tailored mHealth apps without exposing themselves to the serious repercussions of information security and privacy infringements. PMID:25599627

Dehling, Tobias; Gao, Fangjian; Schneider, Stephan

2015-01-01

305

Building capacity for evidence informed decision making in public health: a case study of organizational change  

PubMed Central

Background Core competencies for public health in Canada require proficiency in evidence informed decision making (EIDM). However, decision makers often lack access to information, many workers lack knowledge and skills to conduct systematic literature reviews, and public health settings typically lack infrastructure to support EIDM activities. This research was conducted to explore and describe critical factors and dynamics in the early implementation of one public health unit's strategic initiative to develop capacity to make EIDM standard practice. Methods This qualitative case study was conducted in one public health unit in Ontario, Canada between 2008 and 2010. In-depth information was gathered from two sets of semi-structured interviews and focus groups (n = 27) with 70 members of the health unit, and through a review of 137 documents. Thematic analysis was used to code the key informant and document data. Results The critical factors and dynamics for building EIDM capacity at an organizational level included: clear vision and strong leadership, workforce and skills development, ability to access research (library services), fiscal investments, acquisition and development of technological resources, a knowledge management strategy, effective communication, a receptive organizational culture, and a focus on change management. Conclusion With leadership, planning, commitment and substantial investments, a public health department has made significant progress, within the first two years of a 10-year initiative, towards achieving its goal of becoming an evidence informed decision making organization. PMID:22348688

2012-01-01

306

75 FR 3906 - Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Indian Health...Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey.'' Type of Information...Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey.''...

2010-01-25

307

45 CFR 170.553 - Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules.  

...false Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules...Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2014-10-01

308

The changing role of the health care chief information officer.  

PubMed

Information is the lifeblood of the health care organization. In the past, chief information officers were responsible for nothing else but assuring a constant flow of information. Today, they are being asked to do a great deal more. From E-business to E-health strategy, the chief information officer is the focal point of an organization's ability to leverage new technology. PMID:11142968

Wood, G M

2000-09-01

309

N-acetylcysteine and intestinal health: a focus on its mechanism of action.  

PubMed

The integrity of the intestinal epithelium ensures its normal physiological function. Consequently, damage to the mucosal epithelium can impair the absorption of nutrients, thereby reducing the growth performance and compromising the health of animals. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is pharmaceutically available either intravenously, orally, or by inhalation for reducing endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, fibrosis, invasion, cartilage erosion, acetaminophen detoxification, and transplant prolongation. NAC is rapidly metabolized by the small intestine to produce glutathione and can not be detected in animals without supplementation. The physiologic functions and therapeutic effects of NAC are largely associated with maintaining intracellular concentrations of reduced glutathione. Results from recent studies indicate that NAC reduces inflammation, alleviates oxidative stress, improves energy status, and ameliorates tissue damage in the intestine of lipopolysaccharide-challenged piglets. Moreover, dietary supplementation with NAC ameliorates acetic acid-induced colitis in a porcine model. The effects of NAC are associated with some intestinal cell signaling pathways, such as EGFR, TLR4, apoptosis and tight junction signaling. The current review focuses on the protective effects of NAC on intestinal health and the molecular mechanisms of its action. PMID:25553484

Hou, Yongqing; Wang, Lei; Yi, Dan; Wu, Guoyao

2015-01-01

310

Public Preferences about Secondary Uses of Electronic Health Information  

PubMed Central

Importance As health information technology grows secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about personal health data sharing are important to establish and evaluate ethical and regulatory structures for overseeing the use of these data. Objective Measure patient preferences toward sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes—uses other than their own health care.. Design In this conjoint analysis study, participants were randomized to receive 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, health care quality improvement, marketing), users (university hospital, drug company, public health department), and data sensitivity (medical history, medical history plus genetic test results). This experimental design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. Setting and Participants We surveyed 3,336 Hispanic (n=568), non-Hispanic African American (n=500), and non-Hispanic White (n=2,268) adults representing 65.1% of those from a nationally representative, online panel. Main Outcomes and Measures Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1–10 scale (1=low, 10=high). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. Results The use of data was the most important factor in the conjoint analysis (63.4% importance weight) compared to the user (32.6% importance weight) and data sensitivity (importance weight: 3.1%). In unadjusted models, marketing uses (?1.55, p<0.001), quality improvement uses (?0.51, p<0.001), drug company users (?0.80, p<0.001) and public health department users (?0.52, p<0.001) were associated with less willingness to share health information compared to research (use) and university hospitals (users). Hispanics and African-Americans discriminated less between the three uses compared to Whites. Conclusions and Relevance Participants cared most about the specific purpose for using their health information, though differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance and the sensitivity of information was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A.

2014-01-01

311

Building the national health information infrastructure for personal health, health care services, public health, and research  

E-print Network

, to choosing which procedures and pharmaceuticals will be covered by third-party payers, to planning clinical trials and to allocating public health resources. Access to current reliable knowledge is a key determinant in the behavior of patients... if the potential savings outweigh known costs. It is essential that that the health sector resolve the issue of disincentives created by current reimbursement mecha- nisms. Private sector employers, third-party payers, con- sumer organizations, and the government...

Detmer, Don E

2003-01-06

312

Designing web services in health information systems: From process to application level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service-oriented architectures (SOAs) and web service technologies have been proposed to respond to some central interoperability challenges of heterogeneous health information systems (HIS). We propose a model which we are using to define services and solutions for healthcare applications from the requirements in the healthcare processes. Focusing on the transition from the process level of the model to the application

Juha Mykkänen; Annamari Riekkinen; Marko Sormunen; Harri Karhunen; Pertti Laitinen

2007-01-01

313

Development of Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs): knowledge networks and collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs) has become an important priority for policymaking in the USA. These development efforts have focused primarily on data exchange. In this paper, we propose the use of a research approach, based on knowledge networks and collaboration, to develop an understanding of the processes associated with RHIO development. RHIOs need to be envisioned

Tip Ghosh; Jenna Marquard

2007-01-01

314

An argument against the focus on Community Resilience in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Background It has been suggested that Public Health professionals focus on community resilience in tackling chronic problems, such as poverty and deprivation; is this approach useful? Discussion Resilience is always i) of something ii) to something iii) to an endpoint, as in i) a rubber ball, ii) to a blunt force, iii) to its original shape. “Community resilience” might be: of a neighbourhood, to a flu pandemic, with the endpoint, to return to normality. In these two examples, the endpoint is as-you-were. This is unsuitable for some examples of resilience. A child that is resilient to an abusive upbringing has an endpoint of living a happy life despite that upbringing: this is an as-you-should-be endpoint. Similarly, a chronically deprived community cannot have the endpoint of returning to chronic deprivation: so what is its endpoint? Roughly, it is an as-you-should-be endpoint: to provide an environment for inhabitants to live well. Thus resilient communities will be those that do this in the face of challenges. How can they be identified? One method uses statistical outliers, neighbourhoods that do better than would be expected on a range of outcomes given a range of stressors. This method tells us that a neighbourhood is resilient but not why it is. In response, a number of researchers have attributed characteristics to resilient communities; however, these generally fail to distinguish characteristics of a good community from those of a resilient one. Making this distinction is difficult and we have not seen it successfully done; more importantly, it is arguably unnecessary. There already exist approaches in Public Health to assessing and developing communities faced with chronic problems, typically tied to notions such as Social Capital. Community resilience to chronic problems, if it makes sense at all, is likely to be a property that emerges from the various assets in a community such as human capital, built capital and natural capital. Summary Public Health professionals working with deprived neighbourhoods would be better to focus on what neighbourhoods have or could develop as social capital for living well, rather than on the vague and tangential notion of community resilience. PMID:24447588

2014-01-01

315

Unconventional natural gas development and public health: toward a community-informed research agenda.  

PubMed

Abstract Unconventional natural gas development (UNGD) using high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") has vastly increased the potential for domestic natural gas production in recent years. However, the rapid expansion of UNGD has also raised concerns about its potential impacts on public health. Academics and government agencies are developing research programs to explore these concerns. Community involvement in activities such as planning, conducting, and communicating research is widely recognized as having an important role in promoting environmental health. Historically, however, communities most often engage in research after environmental health concerns have emerged. This community information needs assessment took a prospective approach to integrating community leaders' knowledge, perceptions, and concerns into the research agenda prior to initiation of local UNGD. We interviewed community leaders about their views on environmental health information needs in three states (New York, North Carolina, and Ohio) prior to widespread UNGD. Interviewees emphasized the cumulative, long-term, and indirect determinants of health, as opposed to specific disease outcomes. Responses focused not only on information needs, but also on communication and transparency with respect to research processes and funding. Interviewees also prioritized investigation of policy approaches to effectively protect human health over the long term. Although universities were most often cited as a credible source of information, interviewees emphasized the need for multiple strategies for disseminating information. By including community leaders' concerns, insights, and questions from the outset, the research agenda on UNGD is more likely to effectively inform decision making that ultimately protects public health. PMID:25204212

Korfmacher, Katrina Smith; Elam, Sarah; Gray, Kathleen M; Haynes, Erin; Hughes, Megan Hoert

2014-01-01

316

Alcohol and your health Research-based information from the  

E-print Network

Alcohol and your health Research-based information from the National Institutes of Health U Institutes of Health on alcohol use and its consequences. Alcohol use by adults in the United States* 7 in 10 for alcoholism, liver disease, and other problems *Although the minimum legal drinking age in the U.S. is 21

Bandettini, Peter A.

317

For more information about the UCSF Asian Health Program,  

E-print Network

For more information about the UCSF Asian Health Program, contact Brenda Kwee McNulty at 415 Francisco, CA 94104, U.S.A. The Asian Health Program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) seeks to improve the health of Asian populations both in San Francisco and in Asian countries ­ through

Soloveichik, David

318

Project Summary for: Integrating and Mapping Community Health Assessment Information  

E-print Network

Project Summary for: Integrating and Mapping Community Health Assessment Information Grant Duration: 7/1/2008 through 12/31/2011 Award Type: Impact Award Amount: $367,792 Community Partner(s): Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, Division of Public Health MCW Academic Partner

319

The transitioning experiences of internationally-educated nurses into a Canadian health care system: A focused ethnography  

PubMed Central

Background Beyond well-documented credentialing issues, internationally-educated nurses (IENs) may need considerable support in transitioning into new social and health care environments. This study was undertaken to gain an understanding of transitioning experiences of IENs upon relocation to Canada, while creating policy and practice recommendations applicable globally for improving the quality of transitioning and the retention of IENs. Methods A focused ethnography of newly-recruited IENs was conducted, using individual semi-structured interviews at both one-to-three months (Phase 1) and nine-to-twelve months post-relocation (Phase 2). A purposive sample of IENs was recruited during their orientation at a local college, to a health authority within western Canada which had recruited them for employment throughout the region. The interviews were recorded and transcribed, and data was managed using qualitative analytical software. Data analysis was informed by Roper and Shapira's framework for focused ethnography. Results Twenty three IENs consented to participate in 31 interviews. All IENs which indicated interest during their orientation sessions consented to the interviews, yet 14 did not complete the Phase 2 interview due to reorganization of health services and relocation. The ethno-culturally diverse group had an average age of 36.4 years, were primarily educated to first degree level or higher, and were largely (under) employed as "Graduate Nurses". Many IENs reported negative experiences related to their work contract and overall support upon arrival. There were striking differences in nursing practice and some experiences of perceived discrimination. The primary area of discontentment was the apparent communication breakdown at the recruitment stage with subsequent discrepancy in expected professional role and financial reimbursement. Conclusions Explicit and clear communication is needed between employers and recruitment agencies to avoid employment contract misunderstandings and to enable clear interpretation of the credentialing processes. Pre-arrival orientation of IENs including health care communications should be encouraged and supported by the recruiting institution. Moreover, employers should provide more structured and comprehensive workplace orientation to IENs with consistent preceptorship. Similar to findings of many other studies, diversity should be valued and incorporated into the professional culture by nurse managers. PMID:21693059

2011-01-01

320

OPHTHALMOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN TUZLA CANTON HEALTH CARE SYSTEM  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To analyze organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton and use of information technologies(IT). Introduction: IT in ophthalmology is the technology required for the data processing and other information important for patient and essential for building an electronic health record(EHR). IT in ophthalmology should include the study, science, and solution sets for all aspects of data, information and knowledge management in health information processing. Material and methods: We have analyzed organization of ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton. Data relevant for this research were acquired from annual reports of Tuzla Canton health ministry. All institutions and ambulances were visited and all health care professionals interviewed. A questionnaire was made which included questions for health care professionals about knowledge and use of computers, internet and information technology. Results: Ophthalmology health care in Tuzla canton has paper based medical record. There is no information system with any possibility to exchange data electronically. None of the medical devices is directly connected to the Internet and all data are typed, printed and delivered directly to the patient. All interviewed health care professionals agree that implementation of IT and EHR would contribute and improve work quality. Conclusion: Computer use and easy information access will make a qualitative difference in eye-care delivery in Tuzla canton. Implementation phase will be difficult because it will likely impact present style of practice. Strategy for implementation of IT in medicine in general must be made at the country level. PMID:23322959

Zvornicanin, Jasmin; Zvornicanin, Edita; Sabanovic, Zekerijah

2012-01-01

321

Big Data and Smart Health Strategies: Findings from the Health Information Systems Perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To summarize excellent current research in the field of Health Information Systems. Method Creation of a synopsis of the articles selected for the 2014 edition of the IMIA Yearbook. Results Four papers from international peer reviewed journals were selected and are summarized. Conclusions Selected articles illustrate current research regarding the impact and the evaluation of health information technology and the latest developments in health information exchange. PMID:25123731

2014-01-01

322

The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness Initiative  

PubMed Central

The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness initiative strives to implement, on an accelerated pace, a consistent national network of information systems that will support public health in being prepared for public health emergencies. Using the principles and practices of the broader PHIN initiative, PHIN Preparedness concentrates in the short term on ensuring that all public health jurisdictions have, or have access to, systems to accomplish known preparedness functions. The PHIN Preparedness initiative defines functional requirements, technical standards and specifications, and a process to achieve consistency and interconnectedness of preparedness systems across public health. PMID:16221945

Loonsk, John W.; McGarvey, Sunanda R.; Conn, Laura A.; Johnson, Jennifer

2006-01-01

323

Information empowerment: predeparture resource training for students in global health*  

PubMed Central

The Taubman Health Sciences Library (THL) collaborates with health sciences schools to provide information skills instruction for students preparing for international experiences. THL enhances students' global health learning through predeparture instruction for students who are involved in global health research, clinical internships, and international collaborations. This includes teaching international literature searching skills, providing country-specific data sources, building awareness of relevant mobile resources, and encouraging investigation of international news. Information skills empower creation of stronger global partnerships. Use of information resources has enhanced international research and training experiences, built lifelong learning foundations, and contributed to the university's global engagement. THL continues to assess predeparture instruction. PMID:24860266

Rana, Gurpreet K.

2014-01-01

324

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich  

E-print Network

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich Discover the Wonders. Housed within the Department of Earth Sciences the exhibition builds a bridge between scientists scientists and students. The striking architecture of the Earth Sciences' building and the exhibition tower

Gilli, Adrian

325

The Central American Network for Disaster and Health Information  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This paper describes an international outreach program to support rebuilding Central America's health information infrastructure after several natural disasters in the region, including Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and two major earthquakes in 2001. Setting, Participants, and Description: The National Library of Medicine joined forces with the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, and the Regional Center of Disaster Information for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID) to strengthen libraries and information centers in Central America and improve the availability of and access to health and disaster information in the region by developing the Central American Network for Disaster and Health Information (CANDHI). Through CRID, the program created ten disaster health information centers in medical libraries and disaster-related organizations in six countries. Results/Outcome: This project served as a catalyst for the modernization of several medical libraries in Central America. The resulting CANDHI provides much needed electronic access to public health “gray literature” on disasters, as well as access to numerous health information resources. CANDHI members assist their institutions and countries in a variety of disaster preparedness activities through collecting and disseminating information. PMID:17641767

Arnesen, Stacey J.; Cid, Victor H.; Scott, John C.; Perez, Ricardo; Zervaas, Dave

2007-01-01

326

Health information exchange: persistent challenges and new strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent federal policies and actions support the adoption of health information exchange (HIE) in order to improve healthcare by addressing fragmented personal health information. However, concerted efforts at facilitating HIE have existed for over two decades in this country. The lessons of these experiences include a recurrence of barriers and challenges beyond those associated with technology. Without new strategies, the

Joshua R. Vest; Larry D. Gamm

2010-01-01

327

The use of health information technology in seven nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the state of health information technology (HIT) adoption and use in seven industrialized nations. Design: We used a combination of literature review, as well as interviews with experts in individual nations, to determine use of key information technologies. Main outcome measures: We examined rates of electronic health record (EHR) use in ambula- tory care and hospital settings,

Ashish K. Jha; David Doolan; Daniel Grandt; Tim Scott; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

328

Exploring an MDA approach to health care information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the potential of the model-driven architecture (MDA) in health care information systems development Methods An MDA is conceptualized and developed for a health clinic system to track patient information. A prototype of the MDA is implemented using an advanced MDA tool. The UML provides the underlying modeling support in the form of the class diagram. The PIM

Wullianallur Raghupathi; Amjad Umar

329

Clinical health information technologies and the role of medicaid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical health information technologies (HIT) are widely viewed as essential tools for improving the quality and efficiency of health care delivery. Medicaid agencies make substantial investments in information technology (IT), have much to gain through the widespread use of clinical HIT, and can have significant influence on the adoption of HIT by providers. Medicaid agencies, however, face legal, regulatory, and

Shaun T. Alfreds; Michael A. Tutty; Judith A. Savageau; Scott Young; Jay S. Himmelstein

2007-01-01

330

Health and safety information program for hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system is used as a management tool in several safety and health programs. It is used to: trace the use of hazardous materials and to determine monitoring needs; inform the occupational physician of the potential health problems associated with materials ordered by a given individual; inform the fire and rescue group of hazardous materials in a given building; provide

M. P. OBrien; N. J. Fallon; A. V. Kuehner

1979-01-01

331

Informed-Consent Issues with Adolescent Health Behavior Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify the informed-consent issues when conducting adolescent health behavior research. Methods: A literature review was conducted across diverse academic fields about the informed-consent issues that were relevant to adolescent health behavior research. Results: Issues included defining consent, assent and permission, minimal…

Olds, R. Scott

2003-01-01

332

Examining the Health Information–Seeking Behaviors of Korean Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Korean Americans suffer from high levels of cancer incidence and have low cancer screening rates. A significant number of Korean Americans lack adequate information about cancer screening tests. However, little is known about their health behaviors. This article examines exposure to mass media and health information–seeking behaviors for Korean Americans, and their associations with demographic characteristics influencing variations in

Kyeung Mi Oh; Gary L. Kreps; Jungmi Jun; Elizabeth Chong; Lolita Ramsey

2012-01-01

333

Computer Self-Efficacy among Health Information Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roles and functions of health information professionals are evolving due to the mandated electronic health record adoption process for healthcare facilities. A knowledgeable workforce with computer information technology skill sets is required for the successful collection of quality patient-care data, improvement of productivity, and…

Hendrix, Dorothy Marie

2011-01-01

334

Reducing Oral Health Disparities: A Focus on Social and Cultural Determinants  

PubMed Central

Oral health is essential to the general health and well-being of individuals and the population. Yet significant oral health disparities persist in the U.S. population because of a web of influences that include complex cultural and social processes that affect both oral health and access to effective dental health care. This paper introduces an organizing framework for addressing oral health disparities. We present and discuss how the multiple influences on oral health and oral health disparities operate using this framework. Interventions targeted at different causal pathways bring new directions and implications for research and policy in reducing oral health disparities. PMID:16934121

Patrick, Donald L; Lee, Rosanna Shuk Yin; Nucci, Michele; Grembowski, David; Jolles, Carol Zane; Milgrom, Peter

2006-01-01

335

High quality multi-focus image fusion using self-similarity and depth information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the limited depth of field in a camera, some imaging objects will be blurred if they are located far from the focus plane and the other objects on the plane will be clear. Multi-focus image fusion synthesizes a sharp image from multiple partially focused images. However, traditional fused images usually suffer from blurring effects and pixel distortions. In this paper, we explore two unique characteristics of multi-focus images: (1) The self-similarity of a single image and the shared similarity among multiple source images; (2) The distances from object to focal plane. The former characteristic is used to identify image structure-driven regions while the latter refine the image clarity by automatically estimating depth information of blurred images. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art fusion methods on image quality and objective fusion criteria.

Guo, Di; Yan, Jingwen; Qu, Xiaobo

2015-03-01

336

Planning without facts: Ontario's Aboriginal health information challenge.  

PubMed

The majority of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit people living in the Canadian province of Ontario have less access to quality health care than the population as a whole. Yet improving the situation is hampered by the lack of an information system that documents fundamental facts about Aboriginal people's health status and services utilization. Without a means to collect such data, these knowledge deficits will persist, making the planning and provision of culturally appropriate services impossible. The Ontario Health Quality Council commissioned a study to (1) review data collection systems in other Canadian jurisdictions and (2) determine what Ontario needs in order to have a comprehensive Aboriginal health information system. The study involved a review of 177 policy and technical documents and interviews with 20 key informants in Ontario, as well as Canada's other provinces and territories. Results showed that the capacity to document Aboriginal peoples' health and service utilization varies significantly, depending on existing provincial/territorial health data sets and the ability to cross-link health data using unique identifiers. Some jurisdictions can locate Aboriginal data using health cards, health benefits payment information, or vital statistics identifiers; others rely on linkages using federal or provincial Aboriginal registry and membership lists. All have the capability to conduct geographical analyses to identify health and service utilization for communities or regions that have significant Aboriginal populations. To improve health information in Ontario, Aboriginal people's collective entitlements to information about their communities must be recognized. The authors outline implications of a set of principles that Canada's First Nations have adopted, commonly referred to as OCAP (Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession), on the collection, storage, use, and interpretation of health data. Only through negotiation with Aboriginal peoples can health information systems be established that meet their needs, as well as those of decision-makers and care providers. PMID:19437263

Minore, Bruce; Katt, Mae; Hill, Mary Ellen

2009-01-01

337

Finland's strategy and implementation of citizens' access to health information.  

PubMed

The strategy for utilizing information technology in the field of social welfare and health care in Finland was published in 1996. It was redefined in the year 2006. This updated strategy defined basic principles how digitized EHRs should be stored, accessed, disclosed and archived. The strategy together with new legislation opened the right to patients and citizens to access their own EHRs, ePrescriptions and audit-logs via the Internet. A national WEB-service platform forms the base for both public and private eHealth applications. National identification and PKI-services cover health professionals, patients and entities. Citizen's consent management is provided at national level. The access to personal health information is managed using rules derived from legislation. The roll-out of the national health information infrastructure with citizen access to personal health information should by law be finalized before the end of 2011. The implementation of the NHII is demanding, but the real challenge is to clearly understand what the impacts of citizen access to personal health information are and to what direction this kind of services should be developed. At the present state, the Finnish EHR-archive contains only information created by a health professional. Citizens' eHealth services can not be limited to the use of regulated EHR data and ePrescriptions. For health promotion, proactive prevention and health prediction more comprehensive information is needed. Therefore the next step is to develop legislation and to build a trusted environment for the use and access of heterogeneous health and welfare information. PMID:18560100

Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Iivari, Anna-Kaisa; Doupi, Persephone

2008-01-01

338

"Health, Aging and Environments" aims to bring together the resonant fields of health studies, gerontology, aging studies and other disciplines that focus on social studies of health, aging, and  

E-print Network

"Health, Aging and Environments" aims to bring together the resonant fields of health studies, gerontology, aging studies and other disciplines that focus on social studies of health, aging, and environments, in the broadest sense. Such disciplines include, but are not limited to, health and social

Haykin, Simon

339

[Health and social information systems in support of local health planning: issues and challenges].  

PubMed

Health information is indispensable for monitoring the progress that has been made in improving and maintaining population health and health system functions. In the context of health reforms aiming to bring health systems closer to populations and with the objective of consistent health services planning at the community level, access to reliable social and health data has become a major issue. The need to develop specific treatment tools and the appropriation of results by the various actors involved (decision makers, planners, researchers and consumers) are central to the presentations and exchanges in this symposium. PMID:24737809

Bouchard, Louise; Berthelot, Jean-Marie; Casteigts, Arnaud; Chartier, Mariette; Trugeon, Alain; Warnke, Jan

2014-03-01

340

Informal electronic waste recycling: A sector review with special focus on China  

SciTech Connect

Informal recycling is a new and expanding low cost recycling practice in managing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE or e-waste). It occurs in many developing countries, including China, where current gaps in environmental management, high demand for second-hand electronic appliances and the norm of selling e-waste to individual collectors encourage the growth of a strong informal recycling sector. This paper gathers information on informal e-waste management, takes a look at its particular manifestations in China and identifies some of the main difficulties of the current Chinese approach. Informal e-waste recycling is not only associated with serious environmental and health impacts, but also the supply deficiency of formal recyclers and the safety problems of remanufactured electronic products. Experiences already show that simply prohibiting or competing with the informal collectors and informal recyclers is not an effective solution. New formal e-waste recycling systems should take existing informal sectors into account, and more policies need to be made to improve recycling rates, working conditions and the efficiency of involved informal players. A key issue for China's e-waste management is how to set up incentives for informal recyclers so as to reduce improper recycling activities and to divert more e-waste flow into the formal recycling sector.

Chi Xinwen, E-mail: x.chi@pgrad.unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie Street, Carlton, VIC 3010 (Australia); Streicher-Porte, Martin [Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St. Gallen (Switzerland); Wang, Mark Y.L. [Department of Resource Management and Geography, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie Street, Carlton, VIC 3010 (Australia); Reuter, Markus A. [Outotec Pty Ltd., Melbourne, 12 Kitchen Road, Dandenong, VIC 3175 (Australia)

2011-04-15

341

Application of information technology: Developing data content specifications for the Nationwide Health Information Network Trial Implementations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, the Department of Health and Human Services commissioned the Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) Trial Implementations project to demonstrate the secure exchange of data among health information exchange organizations around the country. The project's Core Services Content Work Group (CSCWG) developed the content specifications for the project. The CSCWG developed content specifications for a summary patient record and

Gilad J. Kuperman; Jeffrey S. Blair; Richard A. Franck; Savithri Devaraj; Alexander F. H. Low

2010-01-01

342

The Associations between Health Literacy, Reasons for Seeking Health Information, and Information Sources Utilized by Taiwanese Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the associations between health literacy, the reasons for seeking health information, and the information sources utilized by Taiwanese adults. Method: A cross-sectional survey of 752 adults residing in rural and urban areas of Taiwan was conducted via questionnaires. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression were used for…

Wei, Mi-Hsiu

2014-01-01

343

Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.  

PubMed

Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported. PMID:17901617

Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

2007-01-01

344

Examining the health information-seeking behaviors of Korean Americans.  

PubMed

Many Korean Americans suffer from high levels of cancer incidence and have low cancer screening rates. A significant number of Korean Americans lack adequate information about cancer screening tests. However, little is known about their health behaviors. This article examines exposure to mass media and health information-seeking behaviors for Korean Americans, and their associations with demographic characteristics influencing variations in exposure to the different health information and trust in health information sources. The authors gathered data for this study using a cross-sectional, community-based survey conducted in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during 2006 and 2007. It was administered to 254 Korean Americans who were 40 years of age or older. This study is part of the first health-related program of research to study exposure to mass media, health and cancer information sources, and seeking preferences and experiences of Korean Americans. Results indicated that Korean ethnic media sources and Internet are important sources used regularly. Age, years of education completed, and English proficiency levels for Korean Americans significantly predicted the likelihood of their Internet use. Low-income Korean Americans with less education were more likely to seek health information in Korean ethnic magazines and newspapers, whereas Korean Americans with higher education and English proficiency were more likely to seek information online. The most trusted source of health information among respondents was from a doctor or other health care professional. Future research should be conducted to determine whether physicians are actually used as a primary source for health information. PMID:22642692

Oh, Kyeung Mi; Kreps, Gary L; Jun, Jungmi; Chong, Elizabeth; Ramsey, Lolita

2012-08-01

345

End-user information utilities in the health sciences.  

PubMed Central

Electronic information utilities in the health sciences such as MINET (Medical Information Network) are increasingly important as it becomes more convenient for end users to retrieve data and use various online information services such as electronic mail from personal computer workstations. MINET is examined in depth as the most fully developed end-user utility. Several other end-user utilities and full-text databases in the health sciences are listed and described. PMID:3511992

Homan, J M

1986-01-01

346

The return of the house call: the role of internet-based interactivity in bringing health information home to older adults.  

PubMed

This study provides qualitative insight into how older adults are using the Internet for health communication. The research is framed with theory from several disciplines, including health and interactive communication, as well as related theoretical models. Data from focus groups was used to develop a model of seniors' online health interactions. Three primary themes that emerged in focus groups form the key elements of the model: the health situation, health information, and the medical field. Implications are suggested for advertising and marketing on the Internet, health information providers, and academic researchers in these areas. PMID:18443991

Macias, Wendy; McMillan, Sally

2008-01-01

347

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

348

MedlinePlus Connect: Linking Health IT Systems to Consumer Health Information  

PubMed Central

The National Library of Medicine’s MedlinePlus Connect service extends the reach of the consumer health website MedlinePlus.gov to deliver relevant information to patients and providers via health IT systems, electronic health records, and patient portals. PMID:23066351

Burgess, Sarena; Dennis, Stephanie; Lanka, Soma; Miller, Naomi; Potvin, Joseph

2012-01-01

349

Improving Health Care through Information: Research Challenges for Health Sciences Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESEARCH QUESTIONS IN HEALTH SCIENCES LIBRARIES are influenced by the health care environment. Three fundamental problems underlie most research in health sciences librarianship: determining what therapies are effective and of good quality, delivering information when and where it is needed, and in forms that will increase its use. Adapting to sweeping changes in all kinds of libraries is made more

Prudence W. Dalrymple

2003-01-01

350

Education for Health Information Professionals: Perspectives from Health Informatics in the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While interest and activity in health informatics continues to increase worldwide, concerns about the most appropriate educational preparation for practice also arise. Health informatics is an interdisciplinary field that pursues effective use of data, information and knowledge to support effective decision making; in the health field, those…

Dalrymple, Prudence W.; Roderer, Nancy K.

2011-01-01

351

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

352

1 Health Gov Info.doc HEALTH-RELATED GOVERNMENT INFORMATION & STATISTICS  

E-print Network

1 Health ­ Gov Info.doc HEALTH-RELATED GOVERNMENT INFORMATION & STATISTICS Useful Tips: 1. Search. Don't let statistics (or even `survey data') scare you off... Major Canadian Reports · Health Region Activity and Combat Obesity: Literature Review (8 January 2007) · Influenza Pandemic (23 July 2009

Abolmaesumi, Purang

353

A New Focus for Allied Health Occupations. Trends and Issues Alerts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reform is changing the way in which health care is provided and altering the role of allied health professionals, especially nurses. This report examines how education can be responsive to the emerging needs of nurses and other allied health professionals. The diverse settings in which diverse populations are served requires the…

Brown, Bettina Lankard

354

Health Risks Information Reaches Secondary School Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess smoking prevention and cessation education delivered as part of the UK National Curriculum and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of health, social influence and other/non-health components. In all, 1789 students aged 11-15 from 12 secondary schools completed online surveys assessing smoking status,…

Ridout, Fran; Charlton, Anne; Hutchison, Iain

2008-01-01

355

HEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITY This major is intended for students interested in fields that inform the health  

E-print Network

HEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITY This major is intended for students interested in fields that inform the health profession and in related questions about health and human experience the how health issues relate to different fields. Ethnographics Lab: The Ethnographics Laboratory

Krylov, Anna I.

356

Mexican immigrant women's perceptions of health care access for stigmatizing illnesses: a focus group study in Albuquerque, New Mexico.  

PubMed

This study examines attitudes of Mexican female immigrants to Albuquerque, New Mexico, regarding barriers to health care access in the United States and Mexico for stigmatizing and non-stigmatizing illnesses and moderating effects of social support. Native Spanish speakers conducted three focus groups (in Spanish) lasting two hours with seven to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed, translated, and coded. Frequency data were calculated by number of times concepts or themes were raised. Comparisons of barriers to health care access were made between U.S. and Mexican cultures. The majority (86%) of comments on barriers for non-stigmatizing illnesses implicated U.S. culture; the majority (90%) for stigmatizing illnesses implicated Mexican culture. Social support for stigmatizing illnesses was discussed. Participants discussed important issues of health care access for stigmatizing illnesses that may have implications for this population's health status. Greater attention should be paid to stigma and social support in future empirical studies. PMID:18677075

Horwitz, Russell H; Roberts, Laura Weiss; Warner, Teddy D

2008-08-01

357

Role of information in consumer selection of health plans.  

PubMed

Considerable efforts are underway in the public and private sectors to increase the amount of information available to consumers when making health plan choices. The objective of this study was to examine the role of information in consumer health plan decisionmaking. A computer system was developed which provides different plan descriptions with the option of accessing varying types and levels of information. The system tracked the information search processes and recorded the hypothetical plan choices of 202 subjects. Results are reported showing the relationship between information and problem perception, preference structure, choice of plan, and attitude towards the decision. PMID:10165036

Sainfort, F; Booske, B C

1996-01-01

358

Role of Information in Consumer Selection of Health Plans  

PubMed Central

Considerable efforts are underway in the public and private sectors to increase the amount of information available to consumers when making health plan choices. The objective of this study was to examine the role of information in consumer health plan decisionmaking. A computer system was developed which provides different plan descriptions with the option of accessing varying types and levels of information. The system tracked the information search processes and recorded the hypothetical plan choices of 202 subjects. Results are reported showing the relationship between information and problem perception, preference structure, choice of plan, and attitude towards the decision. PMID:10165036

Sainfort, François; Booske, Bridget C.

1996-01-01

359

Supporting cancer patients' unanchored health information management with mobile technology  

E-print Network

, Seattle, WA Abstract Cancer patients often need to manage care-related information when they are away from that HealthWeaver Mobile can help patients to access care-related information from anywhere, to capture. The enhanced ability to manage information, in turn, helps patients to manage their care and to feel more

Anderson, Richard

360

Health Information Exchange Implementation: Lessons Learned and Critical Success Factors From a Case Study  

PubMed Central

Background Much attention has been given to the proposition that the exchange of health information as an act, and health information exchange (HIE), as an entity, are critical components of a framework for health care change, yet little has been studied to understand the value proposition of implementing HIE with a statewide HIE. Such an organization facilitates the exchange of health information across disparate systems, thus following patients as they move across different care settings and encounters, whether or not they share an organizational affiliation. A sociotechnical systems approach and an interorganizational systems framework were used to examine implementation of a health system electronic medical record (EMR) system onto a statewide HIE, under a cooperative agreement with the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, and its collaborating organizations. Objective The objective of the study was to focus on the implementation of a health system onto a statewide HIE; provide insight into the technical, organizational, and governance aspects of a large private health system and the Virginia statewide HIE (organizations with the shared goal of exchanging health information); and to understand the organizational motivations and value propositions apparent during HIE implementation. Methods We used a formative evaluation methodology to investigate the first implementation of a health system onto the statewide HIE. Qualitative methods (direct observation, 36 hours), informal information gathering, semistructured interviews (N=12), and document analysis were used to gather data between August 12, 2012 and June 24, 2013. Derived from sociotechnical concepts, a Blended Value Collaboration Enactment Framework guided the data gathering and analysis to understand organizational stakeholders’ perspectives across technical, organizational, and governance dimensions. Results Several challenges, successes, and lessons learned during the implementation of a health system to the statewide HIE were found. The most significant perceived success was accomplishing the implementation, although many interviewees also underscored the value of a project champion with decision-making power. In terms of lessons learned, social reasons were found to be very significant motivators for early implementation, frequently outweighing economic motivations. It was clear that understanding the guides early in the project would have mitigated some of the challenges that emerged, and early communication with the electronic health record vendor so that they have a solid understanding of the undertaking was critical. An HIE implementations evaluation framework was found to be useful for assessing challenges, motivations, value propositions for participating, and success factors to consider for future implementations. Conclusions This case study illuminates five critical success factors for implementation of a health system onto a statewide HIE. This study also reveals that organizations have varied motivations and value proposition perceptions for engaging in the exchange of health information, few of which, at the early stages, are economically driven. PMID:25599991

2014-01-01

361

Geographical Information Systems and Health: Current State and Future Directions  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and how they can be used. It reviews the current state of GIS use in health care before identifying the barriers to more pervasive use of GIS in health. Finally, it makes recommendations for the direction of health GIS research over the next decade and concludes with a call to action to health informatics researchers to stop ignoring a tool and methodology that has such immense potential for improving the health of our communities. PMID:22844644

2012-01-01

362

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians  

MedlinePLUS

... categorize patient information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients’ medical and ... categorize patient information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients’ medical and ...

363

CAM Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) - Health Information  

Cancer.gov

It is important that CAM therapies receive the same scientific evaluation that is used to assess standard healthcare approaches. As CAM therapies are proven safe and effective, they may become part of standard health care.

364

Examining Health Information–Seeking Behaviors of Older Adults  

PubMed Central

This study aims to examine which resources older adults utilize for their health information needs, how trustworthy and reliable they find these resources, and the difficulties they face in obtaining health-related information. A 41-item survey designed to understand the information-seeking characteristics of older adults was developed and distributed to retirement communities. Some items were taken from the Health Information National Trends Survey. Of 1520 surveys, 403 were returned completed (26.6%). Respondents’ mean age was 77.65 years. Average scores indicated respondents trusted particular sources of health information in the following order (highest to lowest): health care providers, pharmacists, friends and relatives, retirement community staff, newspapers, the Internet, television, and the radio. In conclusion, older adults have a greater amount of trust in a person with whom they are able to actively discuss their health as opposed to a nonliving source, which they have to access or manipulate, such as the Internet. Efforts must be made to help older adults better navigate and utilize the Internet and recognize dependable online sources so that they may increase their trust in its use, thereby increasing satisfaction with their own ability to seek and use sources of health information. PMID:23974574

CHAUDHURI, SHOMIR; LE, THAI; WHITE, CATHY; THOMPSON, HILAIRE; DEMIRIS, GEORGE

2014-01-01

365

Examining health information-seeking behaviors of older adults.  

PubMed

This study aims to examine which resources older adults utilize for their health information needs, how trustworthy and reliable they find these resources, and the difficulties they face in obtaining health-related information. A 41-item survey designed to understand the information-seeking characteristics of older adults was developed and distributed to retirement communities. Some items were taken from the Health Information National Trends Survey. Of 1520 surveys, 403 were returned completed (26.6%). Respondents' mean age was 77.65 years. Average scores indicated respondents trusted particular sources of health information in the following order (highest to lowest): health care providers, pharmacists, friends and relatives, retirement community staff, newspapers, the Internet, television, and the radio. In conclusion, older adults have a greater amount of trust in a person with whom they are able to actively discuss their health as opposed to a nonliving source, which they have to access or manipulate, such as the Internet. Efforts must be made to help older adults better navigate and utilize the Internet and recognize dependable online sources so that they may increase their trust in its use, thereby increasing satisfaction with their own ability to seek and use sources of health information. PMID:23974574

Chaudhuri, Shomir; Le, Thai; White, Cathy; Thompson, Hilaire; Demiris, George

2013-11-01

366

Reasons for Deficiencies in Health Information Laws in Iran  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Laws, regulations, and guidelines are necessary external stimuli that influence the management of health data. They serve as external mechanisms for the reinforcement and quality improvement of health information. Despite their inevitable significance, such laws have not yet been sufficiently formulated in Iran. The current study explores reasons for inadequacies in the health information laws. Methods: In this descriptive study, health-related laws and regulations from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Iran were first collected, using a review of the literature and available data. Then, bearing in mind the significant deficiencies in health information laws in Iran, the researchers asked a group of managers and policy makers in the healthcare field to complete a questionnaire to explore the reasons for such deficiencies. A test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and tables were then used to analyze the data. Findings: Experts’ opinion on reasons for deficiencies in health information laws and regulations in Iran are divided into four principal groups: cultural conditions of the community, the status of the health information system, characteristics of managers and policy makers in the healthcare field, and awareness level among public beneficiaries about laws. Conclusions: The health departments or ministries in developed countries have brought about suitable changes in their affiliated organizations by developing external data enhancement mechanisms such as information-related laws and standards, and accreditation of healthcare organizations. At the same time, healthcare organizations, under obligations imposed by the external forces, try to elevate the quality of information. Therefore, this study suggests that raising healthcare managers’ awareness of the importance of passing health information laws, as an effective external mechanism, is essential. PMID:24808803

Moghaddasi, Hamid; Hosseini, Azamol-sadat; Sajjadi, Samad; Nikookalam, Maryam

2014-01-01

367

Privacy-Related Context Information for Ubiquitous Health  

PubMed Central

Background Ubiquitous health has been defined as a dynamic network of interconnected systems. A system is composed of one or more information systems, their stakeholders, and the environment. These systems offer health services to individuals and thus implement ubiquitous computing. Privacy is the key challenge for ubiquitous health because of autonomous processing, rich contextual metadata, lack of predefined trust among participants, and the business objectives. Additionally, regulations and policies of stakeholders may be unknown to the individual. Context-sensitive privacy policies are needed to regulate information processing. Objective Our goal was to analyze privacy-related context information and to define the corresponding components and their properties that support privacy management in ubiquitous health. These properties should describe the privacy issues of information processing. With components and their properties, individuals can define context-aware privacy policies and set their privacy preferences that can change in different information-processing situations. Methods Scenarios and user stories are used to analyze typical activities in ubiquitous health to identify main actors, goals, tasks, and stakeholders. Context arises from an activity and, therefore, we can determine different situations, services, and systems to identify properties for privacy-related context information in information-processing situations. Results Privacy-related context information components are situation, environment, individual, information technology system, service, and stakeholder. Combining our analyses and previously identified characteristics of ubiquitous health, more detailed properties for the components are defined. Properties define explicitly what context information for different components is needed to create context-aware privacy policies that can control, limit, and constrain information processing. With properties, we can define, for example, how data can be processed or how components are regulated or in what kind of environment data can be processed. Conclusions This study added to the vision of ubiquitous health by analyzing information processing from the viewpoint of an individual’s privacy. We learned that health and wellness-related activities may happen in several environments and situations with multiple stakeholders, services, and systems. We have provided new knowledge regarding privacy-related context information and corresponding components by analyzing typical activities in ubiquitous health. With the identified components and their properties, individuals can define their personal preferences on information processing based on situational information, and privacy services can capture privacy-related context of the information-processing situation. PMID:25100084

Nykänen, Pirkko; Ruotsalainen, Pekka

2014-01-01

368

Development of Information Security-Focused Incident Prevention Measures for Critical Information Infrastructure in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, the dilemma of cyber attacks by malicious third parties targeting security vulnerabilities in information and communication systems has emerged, resulting in security incidents. This situation suggests that the establishment of proactive efforts and recurrence prevention measures are becoming imperative, especially in critical infrastructure sectors.This paper provides an analysis of 58 security incident cases, which occurred in critical infrastructures worldwide and were published in media. The purpose of the analysis is to conclude to a valid list of recurrence prevention measures that constitute good practices.

Kobayashi, Hideaki; Watanabe, Kenji; Watanabe, Takahito; Nagayasu, Yukinobu

369

Electronic Health Records: Permanent, Private, and Informative | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology ( http://healthit.hhs.gov/ ) What is an electronic health record? An electronic health record is a systematic collection of information about a patient's health. It contains such things ...

370

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF HEALTH INFORMATION Use this form for release of medical information. Information pertaining to Counseling, Psychiatry, Social Services, and Drug and  

E-print Network

AUTHORIZATION FOR RELEASE OF HEALTH INFORMATION Use this form for release of medical information authorize: To release health information to: (Person or facility which has health information) (Person information you authorize to be released: Type(s) of health information: Specify date(s) of treatment or time

Kammen, Daniel M.

371

Differences in Health Behaviors of Hispanic, White, and Black Childbearing Women: Focus on the Hispanic Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maternal health behaviors such as substance use and sexual promiscuity can put the health of mothers and their offspring at risk. Sociodemographic factors including low socioeconomic status are also found to correlate with health risks for childbearing women. Hispanic women--particularly those less acculturated--often have sociodemographic risk…

Page, Robin L.

2007-01-01

372

Focus On: Ethnicity and the Social and Health Harms From Drinking  

PubMed Central

Alcohol consumption is differentially associated with social and health harms across U.S. ethnic groups. Native Americans, Hispanics, and Blacks are disadvantaged by alcohol-attributed harms compared with Whites and Asians. Ethnicities with higher rates of risky drinking experience higher rates of drinking harms. Other factors that could contribute to the different effects of alcohol by ethnicity are social disadvantage, acculturation, drink preferences, and alcohol metabolism. This article examines the relationship of ethnicity and drinking to (1) unintentional injuries, (2) intentional injuries, (3) fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), (4) gastrointestinal diseases, (5) cardiovascular diseases, (6) cancers, (7) diabetes, and (8) infectious diseases. Reviewed evidence shows that Native Americans have a disproportionate risk for alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities, suicides and violence, FAS, and liver disease mortality. Hispanics are at increased risk for alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities, suicide, liver disease, and cirrhosis mortality; and Blacks have increased risk for alcohol-related relationship violence, FAS, heart disease, and some cancers. However, the scientific evidence is incomplete for each of these harms. More research is needed on the relationship of alcohol consumption to cancers, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS across ethnic groups. Studies also are needed to delineate the mechanisms that give rise to and sustain these disparities in order to inform prevention strategies. PMID:24881331

Chartier, Karen G.; Vaeth, Patrice A.C.; Caetano, Raul

2014-01-01

373

American Health Information Management Association Code of Ethics  

E-print Network

1 American Health Information Management Association Code of Ethics Preamble The ethical should be disclosed. Ethical obligations are central to the professional's responsibility, regardless and the inherent ethical responsibilities for AHIMA members and credentialed HIM professionals include providing

Zhou, Yaoqi

374

Health Information in Romanian (Român?): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Romanian (Român?) C Childhood Immunization Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib) Vaccine - English Haemophilus Influenzae Vaccinul Tip B (Hib) - Român? (Romanian) PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for Disease ...

375

Clinical and Management Requirements for Computerized Mental Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

Information requirements of mental health providers are sufficiently different from those of other health care managers to warrant a different approach to the development of management information systems (MIS). Advances in computer technology and increased demands for fiscal accountability have led to developing integrated mental health information systems (MHIS) that support clinical and management requirements. In a study made to define a set of generic information requirements of mental health providers that can be supported by an MHIS, it was found that basic data needs can be defined and classified in functional terms: clinical, management, and consultation/education requirements. A basic set of data to support these needs was defined: demographic, financial, clinical, programmatic, and service delivery data.

Levinton, Paula H.; Dunning, Tessa F.E.

1980-01-01

376

Health information-seeking behavior and older African American women.  

PubMed

This study explored the ways in which urban, older, African American women obtain health information and some of the factors that influence such activity. Among the possible determinants examined were self-perceived literacy, access to health information, and mobility. The findings suggest that respondents receive health information from their physicians, the mass media, and members of their social networks. The results of this research also indicated that members of this population have a highly positive perception of the public library, although only a small segment use the library regularly, and that it may be in the interest of the library to investigate the role it could play in providing health information to older adults. PMID:9160150

Gollop, C J

1997-04-01

377

Health Information in Italian (italiano): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Italian (italiano) A Alzheimer's Disease Inside the Brain: An Interactive Tour - English Dentro il cervello: un viaggio interattivo - italiano (Italian) Alzheimer's Association P Polio and Post-Polio ...

378

Health Information in German (Deutsch): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in German (Deutsch) A Alzheimer's Disease Inside the Brain: An ... Tour - English Im Gehirn: Eine interaktive Tour - Deutsch (German) Alzheimer's Association C Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Prevention Guidelines: ...

379

Health effects research and regulation of diesel exhaust: an historical overview focused on lung cancer risk  

PubMed Central

The mutagenicity of organic solvent extracts from diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), first noted more than 55 years ago, initiated an avalanche of diesel exhaust (DE) health effects research that now totals more than 6000 published studies. Despite an extensive body of results, scientific debate continues regarding the nature of the lung cancer risk posed by inhalation of occupational and environmental DE, with much of the debate focused on DEP. Decades of scientific scrutiny and increasingly stringent regulation have resulted in major advances in diesel engine technologies. The changed particulate matter (PM) emissions in “New Technology Diesel Exhaust (NTDE)” from today's modern low-emission, advanced-technology on-road heavy-duty diesel engines now resemble the PM emissions in contemporary gasoline engine exhaust (GEE) and compressed natural gas engine exhaust more than those in the “traditional diesel exhaust” (TDE) characteristic of older diesel engines. Even with the continued publication of epidemiologic analyses of TDE-exposed populations, this database remains characterized by findings of small increased lung cancer risks and inconsistent evidence of exposure-response trends, both within occupational cohorts and across occupational groups considered to have markedly different exposures (e.g. truckers versus railroad shopworkers versus underground miners). The recently published National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologic studies of miners provide some of the strongest findings to date regarding a DE-lung cancer association, but some inconsistent exposure-response findings and possible effects of bias and exposure misclassification raise questions regarding their interpretation. Laboratory animal studies are negative for lung tumors in all species, except for rats under lifetime TDE-exposure conditions with durations and concentrations that lead to'lung overload."The species specificity of the rat lung response to overload, and its occurrence with other particle types, is now well-understood. It is thus generally accepted that the rat bioassay for inhaled particles under conditions of lung overload is not predictive of human lung cancer hazard. Overall, despite an abundance of epidemiologic and experimental data, there remain questions as to whether TDE exposure causes increased lung cancers in humans. An abundance of emissions characterization data, as well as preliminary toxicological data, support NTDE as being toxicologically distinct from TDE. Currently, neither epidemiologic data nor animal bioassay data yet exist that directly bear on NTDE carcinogenic potential. A chronic bioassay of NTDE currently in progress will provide data on whether NTDE poses a carcinogenic hazard, but based on the significant reductions in PM mass emissions and the major changes in PM composition, it has been hypothesized that NTDE has a low carcinogenic potential. When the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluates DE (along with GEE and nitroarenes) in June 2012, it will be the first authoritative body to assess DE carcinogenic health hazards since the emergence of NTDE and the accumulation of data differentiating NTDE from TDE. PMID:22663144

Hesterberg, Thomas W.; Long, Christopher M.; Bunn, William B.; Lapin, Charles A.; McClellan, Roger O.; Valberg, Peter A.

2012-01-01

380

Finding online health-related information: usability issues of health portals.  

PubMed

As Internet and computers become widespread, health portals offering online health-related information become more popular. The most important point for health portals is presenting reliable and valid information. Besides, portal needs to be usable to be able to serve information to users effectively. This study aims to determine usability issues emerging when health-related information is searched on a health portal. User-based usability tests are conducted and eye movement analyses are used in addition to traditional performance measures. Results revealed that users prefer systematic, simple and consistent designs offering interactive tools. Moreover, content and partitions needs to be shaped according to the medical knowledge of target users. PMID:22874312

Gurel Koybasi, Nergis A; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

381

75 FR 23214 - HIPAA Privacy Rule Accounting of Disclosures Under the Health Information Technology for Economic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disclosures Under the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical...13405(c) of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical...13405(c) of the Health Information Technology for Economic and...

2010-05-03

382

76 FR 10598 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Recommendations Received...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Recommendations Received...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), Department of...as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and...

2011-02-25

383

75 FR 62686 - Health Information Technology: Revisions to Initial Set of Standards, Implementation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...170 RIN 0991-AB76 Health Information Technology: Revisions to Initial Set...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), Department of...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Attention: Steven...

2010-10-13

384

Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Initiative Simultaneous Confidence Intervals with more  

E-print Network

Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Initiative Outline Bounds Illustrations Women's Health Initiative #12;Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence

Stark, Philip B.

385

Protecting electronic health information is crucial to organizations exchanging data across the  

E-print Network

Security Protecting electronic health information is crucial to organizations exchanging data, guidelines, tools, and technologies to protect information systems, including health IT systems, against of information and services. Industry Need Addressed With the increased use of electronic health record systems

386

75 FR 21630 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-04-26

387

75 FR 62399 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Standards Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Standards...Assessment of HIT Policy Committee Recommendations...received from the HIT Policy Committee regarding health information technology standards, implementation...Poetter, Office of Policy and Planning, Office...Health Information Technology. [FR Doc....

2010-10-08

388

75 FR 8078 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-02-23

389

75 FR 369 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-01-05

390

75 FR 34141 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-06-16

391

75 FR 17744 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology HIT Policy Committee Advisory...Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting...Committee: HIT Policy Committee; Meaningful...Coordinator on a policy framework for the...health information technology...

2010-04-07

392

75 FR 12752 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-03-17

393

75 FR 3906 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee's Workgroup...Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator on a policy framework for the development...health information technology infrastructure...

2010-01-25

394

Transforming information: data management support of health care reorganization.  

PubMed Central

Health care delivery systems and organizations around the world are undergoing reorganization and reengineering. Rational decision making about such activities must be based on information. Much of the presently available data is inadequate for this task, and therefore needs to be transformed. One such experience in the province of Alberta, Canada, is discussed. The development of a comprehensive information strategy, the need to apply information management principles, the organizational implications of information management, and a conceptual model for achieving added value from health data are described. PMID:7614115

Hannah, K J

1995-01-01

395

Methods for Leveraging a Health Information Exchange for Public Health: Lessons Learned from the NW-PHIE Experience  

PubMed Central

The intent of this article is to provide public health and health information exchanges (HIEs) insight into activities and processes for connecting public health with clinical care through HIEs. In 2007 the CDC issued a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the “Situational Awareness through Health Information Exchange” project. The project’s goals are to connect public health with health information exchanges (HIEs) to improve public health’s real-time understanding of communities’ population health and healthcare facility status. This article describes the approach and methodology used by the Northwest Public Health Information Exchange to achieve the project’s goals. The experience of the NWPHIE Collaboration provides an organizational and operational roadmap for implementing a successful regional HIE that ensures secure exchange and use of electronic health information between local and state public health and health care entities. PMID:23569587

Trebatoski, M; Davies, J; Revere, D; Dobbs, D

2010-01-01

396

Planning Without Facts: Ontario's Aboriginal Health Information Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people living in the Canadian province of Ontario have less access to quality health care than the population as a whole. Yet improving the situation is hampered by the lack of an information system that documents fundamental facts about Aboriginal people's health status and services utilization. Without a means to collect such

Bruce Minore; Mae Katt; Mary Ellen Hill

2009-01-01

397

A development framework for semantically interoperable health information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSemantic interoperability is a basic challenge to be met for new generations of distributed, communicating and co-operating health information systems (HIS) enabling shared care and e-Health. Analysis, design, implementation and maintenance of such systems and intrinsic architectures have to follow a unified development methodology.

Diego M. Lopez; Bernd G. M. E. Blobel

2009-01-01

398

Health Information Technology (HIT) Adoption - Standards and Interoperability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This product is part of the RAND Health working paper series. RAND working papers are intended to share researchers'latest findings and to solicit informal peer review. They have been approved for circulation by RAND Health but have not been formally edited or peer reviewed. Unless otherwise indicated, working papers can be quoted and cited without permission of the author, provided

BASIT CHAUDHRY

399

Medicaid and Health Information: Current and Emerging Legal Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal questions are an inevitable byprod­ uct of significant technology change in health care such as that underway as a result of health information technology (HIT). This article examines several important existing and emerging legal questions in a Medicaid context. First, do the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and State Medicaid agencies, have a fiduciary obliga­ tion to

Sara Rosenbaum; Patricia MacTaggart; Phyllis C. Borzi

2007-01-01

400

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Information Technology Assessment  

E-print Network

University of Tennessee Health Science Center Information Technology Assessment Final Report Central IT Expenditures per Faculty/Staff FTE . . . . . . . . . . 28 Table XV Comparing Percent of Total;List of Attachments Attachment I Interview Sessions Conducted -iv- #12;University of Tennessee Health

Cui, Yan

401

Comparative evaluation of web search engines in health information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The intent of this work is to evaluate several generalist and health-specific search engines for retrieval of health information by consumers: to compare the retrieval effectiveness of these engines for different types of clinical queries, medical specialties and condition severity; and to compare the use of evaluation metrics for binary relevance scales and for graded ones. Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Carla Teixeira Lopes; Cristina Ribeiro

2011-01-01

402

Understanding how information and ICT can improve health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 15th International Symposium for Health Information Management Research (ISHIMR) was organized jointly by University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland), the University of St Gallen (St Gallen, Switzerland) and the University of Sheffield (Sheffield, UK). Participants included researchers, healthcare professionals, health service managers and planners. The aim of the ISHIMR series of conferences is to bring together researchers and practitioners to disseminate,

P. A. Bath; B. A. Sen; D. A. Raptis; T. Mettler

2012-01-01

403

Understanding family health information seeking: a test of the theory of motivated information management.  

PubMed

Although a family health history can be used to assess disease risk and increase health prevention behaviors, research suggests that few people have collected family health information. Guided by the Theory of Motivated Information Management, this study seeks to understand the barriers to and facilitators of interpersonal information seeking about family health history. Individuals who were engaged to be married (N = 306) were surveyed online and in person to understand how factors such as uncertainty, expectations for an information search, efficacy, and anxiety influence decisions and strategies for obtaining family health histories. The results supported the Theory of Motivated Information Management by demonstrating that individuals who experienced uncertainty discrepancies regarding family heath history had greater intention to seek information from family members when anxiety was low, outcome expectancy was high, and communication efficacy was positive. Although raising uncertainty about family health history may be an effective tool for health communicators to increase communication among family members, low-anxiety situations may be optimal for information seeking. Health communication messages must also build confidence in people's ability to communicate with family to obtain the needed health information. PMID:24117214

Hovick, Shelly R

2014-01-01

404

Public trust in health information sharing: implications for biobanking and electronic health record systems.  

PubMed

Biobanks are made all the more valuable when the biological samples they hold can be linked to health information collected in research, electronic health records, or public health practice. Public trust in such systems that share health information for research and health care practice is understudied. Our research examines characteristics of the general public that predict trust in a health system that includes researchers, health care providers, insurance companies and public health departments. We created a 119-item survey of predictors and attributes of system trust and fielded it using Amazon's MTurk system (n = 447). We found that seeing one's primary care provider, having a favorable view of data sharing and believing that data sharing will improve the quality of health care, as well as psychosocial factors (altruism and generalized trust) were positively and significantly associated with system trust. As expected, privacy concern, but counterintuitively, knowledge about health information sharing were negatively associated with system trust. We conclude that, in order to assure the public's trust, policy makers charged with setting best practices for governance of biobanks and access to electronic health records should leverage critical access points to engage a diverse public in joint decision making. PMID:25654300

Platt, Jodyn; Kardia, Sharon

2015-01-01

405

Health information exchange: persistent challenges and new strategies  

PubMed Central

Recent federal policies and actions support the adoption of health information exchange (HIE) in order to improve healthcare by addressing fragmented personal health information. However, concerted efforts at facilitating HIE have existed for over two decades in this country. The lessons of these experiences include a recurrence of barriers and challenges beyond those associated with technology. Without new strategies, the current support and methods of facilitating HIE may not address these barriers. PMID:20442146

Gamm, Larry D

2010-01-01

406

Predictors of Informal Health Payments: The Example from Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the factors that can affect informal health payments in Turkey, which is pertinent given that Turkey\\u000a has been undergoing and considering a series of reforms in the health sector. This paper aims to examine the predictors of\\u000a informal payments in Turkey. The study surveyed a random sample of 3,727 people in a medium-sized city, of whom

Hacer Özgen; Bayram Sahin; Paolo Belli; Mehtap Tatar; Peter Berman

2010-01-01

407

“You've Gotta Know the Community”: Minority Women Make Recommendations About Community-Focused Health Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine what ethnic and racial minority women recommend as the best approaches to participatory health research in their communities. To achieve this goal, this study focused on HIV prevention research.Methods: In 2003, Seven African American and seven Latina women (ages 33 to 52), all members of an HIV Prevention Collaborative Board, participated in individual interviews, lasting about 90

Rogério M. Pinto; Mary M. McKay; Celeste Escobar

2008-01-01

408

Listening to community health workers: how ethnographic research can inform positive relationships among community health workers, health institutions, and communities.  

PubMed

Many actors in global health are concerned with improving community health worker (CHW) policy and practice to achieve universal health care. Ethnographic research can play an important role in providing information critical to the formation of effective CHW programs, by elucidating the life histories that shape CHWs' desires for alleviation of their own and others' economic and health challenges, and by addressing the working relationships that exist among CHWs, intended beneficiaries, and health officials. We briefly discuss ethnographic research with 3 groups of CHWs: volunteers involved in HIV/AIDS care and treatment support in Ethiopia and Mozambique and Lady Health Workers in Pakistan. We call for a broader application of ethnographic research to inform working relationships among CHWs, communities, and health institutions. PMID:24625167

Maes, Kenneth; Closser, Svea; Kalofonos, Ippolytos

2014-05-01

409

42 CFR 51.46 - Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services. 51.46 Section 51.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

2011-10-01

410

42 CFR 51.46 - Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services. 51.46 Section 51.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

2012-10-01

411

42 CFR 51.46 - Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services. 51.46 Section 51.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

2010-10-01

412

42 CFR 51.46 - Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services.  

42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services. 51.46 Section 51.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

2014-10-01

413

42 CFR 51.46 - Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Disclosing information obtained from a provider of mental health services. 51.46 Section 51.46 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

2013-10-01

414

The use of social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents: A formative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet, and specifically web 2.0 social media applications, offers an innovative method for communicating child health information to low-income parents. The main objective of this study was to use qualitative data to determine the value of using social media to reach low-income parents with child health information. A qualitative formative evaluation employing focus groups was used to determine the

Stephanie Jean Stroever

2011-01-01

415

76 FR 625 - Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction Survey) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction...Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of...this notice announces that the Veterans Health Administration, Department...

2011-01-05

416

Health Sciences Information Tools 2000: a cooperative health sciences library/public school information literacy program for medical assistant students.  

PubMed

Educating diverse groups in how to access, use, and evaluate information available through information technologies is emerging as an essential responsibility for health sciences librarians in today's complex health care system. One group requiring immediate attention is medical assistants. Projections indicate that medical assistant careers will be among the fastest growing occupations in the twenty-first century. The expanding use and importance of information in all health care settings requires that this workforce be well versed in information literacy skills. But, for public school vocational education staff charged with educating entry level workers to meet this specialized demand, the expense of hiring qualified professionals and acquiring the sophisticated technology necessary to teach such skills poses a dilemma. Health Sciences Information Tools 2000, a cooperative work-study information literacy program jointly formulated by the Wayne State University's Shiffman Medical Library and the Detroit Public Schools' Crockett Career and Technical Center, demonstrates that cooperation between the health sciences library and the public school is a mutually beneficial and constructive solution. This article describes the background, goals, curriculum, personnel, costs, and evaluation methods of Tools 2000. The Shiffman-Crockett information literacy program, adaptable to a variety of library settings, is an innovative means of preparing well-trained high school vocational education students for beginning level medical assistant positions as well as further education in the health care field. PMID:9803297

Spang, L; Marks, E; Adams, N

1998-10-01

417

Viewpoint Paper: Communities' Readiness for Health Information Exchange: The National Landscape in 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe Secretary of Health and Human Services recently released a report calling for the nation to create a national health information network (NHIN) that would interconnect Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs). These RHIOs, which others have called Local or Regional Health Information Infrastructures (LHII), would in turn interconnect local as well as national health information resources. Little data exist about

J. Marc Overhage; Lori Evans; Janet Marchibroda

2005-01-01

418

Information Infrastructure for Public Health and Health Research: Findings from a Large-Scale HIE Stakeholder Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the information infrastructure to support public health and health research has been dramatically improving, comprehensive, nation-wide, longitudinal, person-centered information has been generally nonexistent. Yet, having such information for large populations is essential to public health and health research. The coupling of internet access, information standards and emerging electronic health records is beginning to provide an enabling infrastructure for population-wide

Alan F. Dowling; Judah Thornewill; Barbara Cox; Robert J. Esterhay

2010-01-01

419

Michigan State University Health Information Technology  

E-print Network

system. This Site complies with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. Updating Personal/12/2011 This online privacy statement is intended to inform you of the ways in which this website ("Site") collects. Such information may also be saved in an encrypted format or in internal systems that are protected by a firewall

420

Stakeholder needs for air pollution and health information.  

PubMed

Within the European Commission-supported thematic network project AIRNET, a stakeholder survey was performed to identify key questions and issues of concern for end users regarding air pollution and health information. On the whole, survey respondents typically asked general questions concerning air pollution and health (i.e., regarding the type of pollutant, emission sources, monitoring, and health impact). Furthermore, an overwhelming response across all stakeholder categories was not the unavailability of information sources to inform policy, but the lack of time available to read and absorb all the information. Overall, the respondents expressed their preference for information that is (1) presented as short and clear overviews, (2) ready for policy use by including a practical linkage between the research findings and implementation of public protection, and (3) in a format easily passed on to others. PMID:16905511

Sanderson, Eric Gordon; Fudge, Nina; Totlandsdal, Annike Irene; Brunekreef, Bert; van Bree, Leendert

2006-10-01

421

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PSYCHIATRISTS MENTAL HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

leaflets Alcohol and depression Anorexia and Bulimia Anxiety, panic and phobias Bereavement Bipolar disorder Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Depression Depression in older adults Feeling on the Edge in pregnancy Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Personality disorders Physical illness and mental health Post

Chittka, Lars

422

Health plan decision making with new medicare information materials.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of providing new Medicare information materials on consumers' attitudes and behavior about health plan choice. DATA SOURCE: New and experienced Medicare beneficiaries who resided in the Kansas City metropolitan statistical area during winter 1998-99 were surveyed. More than 2,000 computer-assisted telephone interviews were completed across the two beneficiary populations with a mean response rate of 60 percent. STUDY DESIGN: Medicare beneficiaries were randomly assigned to a control group or one of three treatment groups that received varying amounts and types of new Medicare information materials. One treatment group received the Health Care Financing Administrations's pilot Medicare & You 1999 handbook, a second group received the same version of the handbook and a Medicare version of the Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) report, and a third treatment group received the Medicare & You bulletin, an abbreviated version of the handbook. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Results of the study suggest that the federal government's new consumer information materials are having some influence on Medicare beneficiaries' attitudes and behaviors about health plan decision making. Experienced beneficiary treatment group members were significantly more confident with their current health plan choice than control group members, but new beneficiaries were significantly less likely to use the new materials to choose or change health plans than control group members. In general the effects on confidence and health plan switching did not vary across the different treatment materials. CONCLUSIONS: The 1999 version of the Medicare & You materials contained a message that it is not necessary to change health plans. This message appears to have decreased the likelihood of using the new materials to choose or change plans, whereas other materials to which beneficiaries are exposed may encourage plan switching. Because providing more information to beneficiaries did not result in commensurate increases in confidence levels or rate of health plan switching, factors other than the amount of information, such as how the information is presented, may be more critical than volume. PMID:11482588

McCormack, L A; Garfinkel, S A; Hibbard, J H; Norton, E C; Bayen, U J

2001-01-01

423

Health Information Preference among Youth and Caregivers related to Second-Generation Antipsychotic Treatment  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine the health information-seeking preferences of youth with mental health challenges and their caregivers, focusing on health literacy needs related to second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). Methods: One hundred fifty two youth and 158 caregivers attending outpatient psychiatry clinics at BC Children’s Hospital between February 2009 and December 2010 completed a SGA health literacy survey. Results: Youth and caregivers placed emphasis on understanding the benefits and side effects of SGA-treatment, along with strategies to prevent potential side effects. While psychiatrists were viewed as a crucial source of information by both groups, pharmacists were an under-utilized resource by youth. Both youth and caregivers preferred brochures from healthcare providers, websites, and support groups to access health information; however, preferences diverged among other activities. Specifically, youth favoured practical, “hands-on” programs such as cooking and exercise classes, whereas caregivers showed greater interest in didactic presentations and conferences. Sex differences were observed in receptiveness towards certain programs and resources. Conclusions: The findings from this study support the inclusion of caregivers and youth of both sexes with mental health conditions in the future development of educational resources related to medications such as SGAs. Health literacy strategies need to be multi-faceted, and utilize mixed methods to ensure broad reach and applicability. PMID:23133465

Xu, Yan; Nguyen, Duc; Davidson, Jana; Panagiotopoulos, Constadina

2012-01-01

424

Aging 2.0: health information about dementia on Twitter.  

PubMed

Online social media is widespread, easily accessible and attracts a global audience with a widening demographic. As a large proportion of adults now seek health information online and through social media applications, communication about health has become increasingly interactive and dynamic. Online health information has the potential to significantly impact public health, especially as the population gets older and the prevalence of dementia increases. However, little is known about how information pertaining to age-associated diseases is disseminated on popular social media platforms. To fill this knowledge gap, we examined empirically: (i) who is using social media to share information about dementia, (ii) what sources of information about dementia are promoted, and (iii) which dementia themes dominate the discussion. We data-mined the microblogging platform Twitter for content containing dementia-related keywords for a period of 24 hours and retrieved over 9,200 tweets. A coding guide was developed and content analysis conducted on a random sample (10%), and on a subsample from top users' tweets to assess impact. We found that a majority of tweets contained a link to a third party site rather than personal information, and these links redirected mainly to news sites and health information sites. As well, a large number of tweets discussed recent research findings related to the prediction and risk management of Alzheimer's disease. The results highlight the need for the dementia research community to harness the reach of this medium and its potential as a tool for multidirectional engagement. PMID:23922827

Robillard, Julie M; Johnson, Thomas W; Hennessey, Craig; Beattie, B Lynn; Illes, Judy

2013-01-01

425

A Regional Health Information Exchange: Architecture and Implementation  

PubMed Central

The MidSouth eHealth Alliance’s health information exchange in Memphis, Tennessee provides access to data on almost 1 million individuals. The effort is the product of a comprehensive, integrated approach to technology and policy that emphasizes patient-centered use, low-cost, flexibility, and rigorous privacy and confidentiality policies and practices. It is used in emergency departments and other clinical settings. This paper provides a high-level overview of the system and its use. The early anecdotal success of this effort and preliminary formal clinical and financial evaluation suggest that health information exchanges can improve care at relatively low cost. PMID:18999138

Frisse, Mark E.; King, Janet K.; Rice, Will B.; Tang, Lianhong; Porter, Jameson P.; Coffman, Timothy A.; Assink, Michael; Yang, Kevin; Wesley, Monroe; Holmes, Rodney L.; Gadd, Cynthia; Johnson, Kevin B.; Estrin, Vicki Y.

2008-01-01

426

A regional health information exchange: architecture and implementation.  

PubMed

The MidSouth eHealth Alliances health information exchange in Memphis, Tennessee provides access to data on almost 1 million individuals. The effort is the product of a comprehensive, integrated approach to technology and policy that emphasizes patient-centered use, low-cost, flexibility, and rigorous privacy and confidentiality policies and practices It is used in emergency departments and other major clinical settings. This paper provides a high-level overview of the system and its use. The early anecdotal success of this effort and preliminary formal clinical and financial evaluation suggest that health information exchanges can improve care at relatively low cost. PMID:18999138

Frisse, Mark E; King, Janet K; Rice, Will B; Tang, Lianhong; Porter, Jameson P; Coffman, Timothy A; Assink, Michael; Yang, Kevin; Wesley, Monroe; Holmes, Rodney L; Gadd, Cynthia; Johnson, Kevin B; Estrin, Vicki Y

2008-01-01

427

A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety  

PubMed Central

Background In Ontario, local public health inspectors play an important frontline role in protecting the public from foodborne illness. This study was an in-depth exploration of public health inspectors' perceptions of the key food safety issues in public health, and their opinions and needs with regards to food safety information resources. Methods Four focus group discussions were conducted with public health inspectors from the Central West region of Ontario, Canada during June and July, 2008. A questioning route was used to standardize qualitative data collection. Audio recordings of sessions were transcribed verbatim and data-driven content analysis was performed. Results A total of 23 public health inspectors participated in four focus group discussions. Five themes emerged as key food safety issues: time-temperature abuse, inadequate handwashing, cross-contamination, the lack of food safety knowledge by food handlers and food premise operators, and the lack of food safety information and knowledge about specialty foods (i.e., foods from different cultures). In general, participants reported confidence with their current knowledge of food safety issues and foodborne pathogens. Participants highlighted the need for a central source for food safety information, access to up-to-date food safety information, resources in different languages, and additional food safety information on specialty foods. Conclusions The information gathered from these focus groups can provide a basis for the development of resources that will meet the specific needs of public health inspectors involved in protecting and promoting food safety. PMID:20553592

2010-01-01

428

Climate information for public health: the role of the IRI climate data library in an integrated knowledge system.  

PubMed

Public health professionals are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of climate variability and change on health outcomes. Protecting public health from the vagaries of climate requires new working relationships between the public health sector and the providers of climate data and information. The Climate Information for Public Health Action initiative at the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) is designed to increase the public health community's capacity to understand, use and demand appropriate climate data and climate information to mitigate the public health impacts of the climate. Significant challenges to building the capacity of health professionals to use climate information in research and decision-making include the difficulties experienced by many in accessing relevant and timely quality controlled data and information in formats that can be readily incorporated into specific analysis with other data sources. We present here the capacities of the IRI climate data library and show how we have used it to build an integrated knowledge system in the support of the use of climate and environmental information in climate-sensitive decision-making with respect to health. Initiated as an aid facilitating exploratory data analysis for climate scientists, the IRI climate data library has emerged as a powerful tool for interdisciplinary researchers focused on topics related to climate impacts on society, including health. PMID:23032279

del Corral, John; Blumenthal, M Benno; Mantilla, Gilma; Ceccato, Pietro; Connor, Stephen J; Thomson, Madeleine C

2012-09-01

429

UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES PRIVACY INFORMATION for STUDENTS This notice describes how health care information about you may be used and disclosed, and  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES PRIVACY INFORMATION for STUDENTS This notice describes how health care it carefully. I. UNDERSTANDING YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION Each time you visit, contact via phone, or send an electronic message to a University Health Services (UHS) health care provider (physician, nurse, psychologist

Schulte, Mike

430

An open, component-based information infrastructure for integrated health information networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental requirement for achieving continuity of care is the seamless sharing of multimedia clinical information. Different technological approaches can be adopted for enabling the communication and sharing of health record segments. In the context of the emerging global information society, the creation of and access to the integrated electronic health record (I-EHR) of a citizen has been assigned high

Manolis Tsiknakis; Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2002-01-01

431

The role of health professionals in informing cancer patients: findings from The Teamwork Project (phase one).  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The Teamwork Project is managed by the National Cancer Alliance (NCA) and funded jointly by the National Lottery Charities Board and the Department of Health. The aim of the Project is to produce a Personal Information File to help people with cancer work in partnership with health professionals. Phase one was carried out between September 1998 and April 2000. The Teamwork Project arose as a direct result of the NCA report, 'Patient-Centred Cancer Services'? - What Patients Say,1 one of a number of studies that found people with cancer want to be involved in decisions about their treatment and care. The study also found that, for this involvement to be successful, health professionals need to support patients in accessing information relevant to their individual needs and help them understand and apply that information. The focus of The Teamwork Project is to help provide a practical solution to meeting this information need. APPROACH: The Teamwork Project has used a wide-range of methods including literature appraisal; patient questionnaires; focus groups; semi-structured interviews and a consultation exercise. Throughout the Project there has been on-going involvement from both patients and professionals. CONCLUSIONS: There may be a divergence of views among health professionals in cancer services regarding their role as providers of patient information. Consequently, there may also be a significant variance in how their patients are informed in practice. This finding needs to be validated and the reasons for this understood if the full potential of the forthcoming National Health Service (NHS) Cancer Information Strategy is to be realised. PMID:11281931

Smith, C.

2000-09-01

432

Accelerating innovation in information and communication technology for health.  

PubMed

Around the world, inventors are creating novel information and communication technology applications and systems that can improve health for people in disparate settings. However, it is very difficult to find investment funding needed to create business models to expand and develop the prototype technologies. A comprehensive, long-term investment strategy for e-health and m-health is needed. The field of social entrepreneurship offers an integrated approach to develop needed investment models, so that innovations can reach more patients, more effectively. Specialized financing techniques and sustained support from investors can spur the expansion of mature technologies to larger markets, accelerating global health impacts. PMID:20348074

Crean, Kevin W

2010-02-01

433

The importance of health information technology in care coordination and transitional care.  

PubMed

Care coordination and transitional care services are strategically important for achieving the priorities of better care, better health, and reduced costs embodied in the National Strategy for Quality Improvement in Health Care (National Quality Strategy [NQS]). Some of the most vulnerable times in a person’s care occur with changes in condition as well as movement within and between settings of care. The American Academy of Nursing (AAN) believes it is essential to facilitate the coordination of care and transitions by using health information technology (HIT) to collect, share, and analyze data that communicate patient-centered information among patients, families, and care providers across communities. HIT makes information accessible, actionable, timely, customizable, and portable. Rapid access to information also creates efficiencies in care by eliminating redundancies and illuminating health history and prior care. The adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and information systems can enable care coordination to be more effective but only when a number of essential elements are addressed to reflect the team-based nature of care coordination as well as a focus on the individual’s needs and preferences. To that end, the AAN offers a set of recommendations to guide the development of the infrastructure, standards, content, and measures for electronically enabled care coordination and transitions in care as well as research needed to build the evidence base to assess outcomes of the associated interventions. PMID:24409517

Cipriano, Pamela F; Bowles, Kathryn; Dailey, Maureen; Dykes, Patricia; Lamb, Gerri; Naylor, Mary

2013-01-01

434

Teaching information technology and research skills for public health.  

PubMed

The acquisition of information technology and research skills is fundamental for all students in Public Health because of its fundamental emphasis on population studies. In the Curtin University, Division of Health Sciences the School of Public Health has the responsibility of introducing communication and IT skills to all students, both undergraduate and postgraduate. A special program of information technology skills is offered. The age of the Internet has meant added temptation for students in terms of plagiarism and all students and staff must be aware of their ethical obligations in this area. The advent of flexible learning strategies will provide many opportunities for Schools of Public Health, both in the education of their students and in the continuing education of public health practitioners. APACPH member institutions could usefully pool their resources to develop flexible learning resources. PMID:12109247

Binns, C W; Lee, M K

2001-01-01

435

CAM Health Information databases-OCCAM  

Cancer.gov

Contact Us | Sitemap CAM at the NCI NCI CAM History Highlights of NCI CAM Activities NCI CAM Annual Report Research Funding Opportunities Grant Application Information Research Resources Funded Research Research Results Training Opportunities FAQ's

436

CAM Safety Warnings- Health Information-OCCAM  

Cancer.gov

Contact Us | Sitemap CAM at the NCI NCI CAM History Highlights of NCI CAM Activities NCI CAM Annual Report Research Funding Opportunities Grant Application Information Research Resources Funded Research Research Results Training Opportunities FAQ's

437

Integrating Health Information Technology to Achieve Seamless Care Transitions.  

PubMed

Improving care transitions, or "handoffs" as patients migrate from one care setting to another, is a priority across stakeholder groups and health-care settings and additionally is included in national health-care goals set forth in the National Quality Strategy. Although many demonstrations of improved care transitions have succeeded, particularly for hospital discharges, ensuring consistent, high-quality, and safe transitions of care remains challenging. This paper highlights the potential for health information technology to become an increasing part of effective transitional care interventions, with the potential to reduce the resource burden currently associated with effective care transitions, the ability to spread improved practices to larger numbers of patients and providers efficiently and at scale, and, as health technology interoperability increases, the potential to facilitate critical information flow and feedback loops to clinicians, patients, and caregivers across disparate information systems and care settings. PMID:24522208

Marcotte, Leah; Kirtane, Janhavi; Lynn, Joanne; McKethan, Aaron

2014-02-11

438

What should we measure? Conceptualizing usage in health information exchange  

PubMed Central

Under the provisions of the Health Information Technology for Economic & Clinical Health act providers need to demonstrate their ‘meaningful use’ of electronic health record systems' health information exchange (HIE) capability. HIE usage is not a simple construct, but the choice of its measurement must attend to the users, context, and objectives of the system being examined. This review examined how usage is reported in the existing literature and also what conceptualizations of usage might best reflect the nature and objectives of HIE. While existing literature on HIE usage included a diverse set of measures, most were theoretically weak, did not attend to the interplay of measure, level of analysis and architectural strategy, and did not reflect how HIE usage affected the actual process of care. Attention to these issues will provide greater insight into the effects of previously inaccessible information on medical decision-making and the process of care. PMID:20442148

Jasperson, Jon

2010-01-01

439

Health care librarians and information literacy: an investigation.  

PubMed

Until relatively recently, the concept of information literacy, and teaching the skills to enable it, was mainly a concern of academic libraries. Now, it is also seen to be of high importance within the context of health care libraries. Health care libraries and librarians can provide crucial support towards the implementation of evidence-based practice in patient care through both information literacy skills training and by conducting mediated searches on behalf of health care practitioners. This article reports the findings from an investigation conducted by Charlotte Kelham as part of her MA in Librarianship from the University of Sheffield. Her dissertation investigated how health care librarians understand the concept of information literacy, the implications of this for their role and their perceptions around how their role is valued. Charlotte graduated from Sheffield in 2013 and is currently job hunting. AM. PMID:25155981

Kelham, Charlotte

2014-09-01

440

Perspectives on Information Science and Health Informatics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theoretical discussion of what information science can contribute to the health professions addresses questions of definition and describes application and knowledge models for the emerging profession of informatics. A review of existing programs includes curriculum models and provides details on informatics programs emphasizing information

Lunin, Lois F., Ed.; Ball, Marion J., Ed.

1989-01-01

441

A Lightweight Approach to Interoperable Health Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to electronically exchange health information among different facilities or organizations has significant potential to improve patient care and reduce the costs of that care. However, the only approaches currently known to support this exchange of information either rely on expensive interface engines or are dependent on a centralized repository of data. We propose instead to use existing Web

Anthony W. Wallace; Rex E. Gantenbein

2007-01-01

442

Building Interoperable Health Information Systems Using Agent and Workflow Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare is an increasingly collaborative enterprise involving many individuals and organizations that coordinate their efforts toward promoting quality and efficient delivery of health care through the use of inter operable healthcare information systems. This paper presents a mediator-based approach for achieving data and service interoperability among disparate and geographically dispersed healthcare information systems. The proposed system architecture enables decoupling of

Vassiliki Koufi; Flora Malamateniou; George Vassilacopoulos

2009-01-01

443

Medical and Health Information Needs in a Small Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research by library science students for a public library to determine the information needs of a community's health-care professionals, their views of patient information needs, and the public library's ability to meet those needs. An added benefit was positive public relations with the medical community. (Contains 14 references.) (EAM)

Broadway, Marsha D.; Christensen, Steven B.

1993-01-01

444

The role of public health surveillance: information for effective action in public health.  

PubMed

Public health surveillance can provide the quantitative information needed for setting priorities and establishing rational health policy. Although there are many examples of the effective use of such information, the full potential for surveillance has not yet been realized. To a large degree, failure to achieve this potential has resulted from limited perspectives regarding the role and conduct of surveillance. Both practitioners (those who conduct surveillance) and users (those who apply surveillance data in a real-world setting) have fallen victim to such myopia. Public health surveillance must be advocated as an essential part of the global health agenda if we are to achieve international goals for improving health status. As we improve our appreciation of the variety of uses for public health surveillance data, we need to understand more fully the determinants of the decision-making process. Effective dissemination of information and effective communication are as important as data collection and analysis. No longer do we have--or should we have--the luxury of collecting information for its own sake. The information collected must have a demonstrated utility. Developing and training personnel to have expertise in public health surveillance will necessarily incur opportunity costs. Bridging gaps in data methodology and coverage will force us to weigh alternatives and to compromise. We hope that the International Symposium on Public Health Surveillance will accomplish several goals. First, we wish to foster international understanding of the definition, role, and importance of surveillance in reducing morbidity and mortality, in improving quality of life, and in setting effective health priorities. Second, we hope that this symposium will serve as a springboard for identifying issues and topics that can be addressed in greater depth at future international meetings. Finally, we see the symposium as an essential step in developing a firm commitment on the part of countries, donor agencies, and multilateral organizations to develop the essential capacity for public health surveillance throughout the world. Each country should have the capacity to measure and monitor changes in health status, risk factors, and health-service access and utilization among its people. All countries should have the means to detect emerging health problems and implement measures for their control, to evaluate the impact of health policies and programs, and to communicate health information in a meaningful fashion to policymakers and the public. If we are successful in these endeavors, the long-term effects on the public's health will be well worth the struggle required to achieve them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1344260

Wetterhall, S F; Pappaioanou, M; Thacker, S B; Eaker, E; Churchill, R E

1992-12-01

445

FOCUSING ON CHILDREN'S INHALATION DOSIMETRY AND HEALTH EFFECTS FOR RISK ASSESSMENT: AN INTRODUCTION (Journal Article)  

EPA Science Inventory

Substantial effort has been invested in improving children?s health risk assessment in recent years. However, the body of scientific evidence in support of children?s health assessment is constantly advancing requiring continual updating of risk assessment methods. Children?s i...

446

FOCUSING ON CHILDREN?S INHALATION DOSIMETRY AND HEALTH EFFECTS FOR RISK ASSESSMENT: AN INTRODUCTION  

EPA Science Inventory

Substantial effort has been invested in improving children?s health risk assessment in recent years. However, the body of scientific evidence in support of children?s health assessment is constantly advancing requiring continual updating of risk assessment methods. Children?s i...

447

Focus Points for School Health Promotion Improvements in Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enable improvements in school health promotion, this paper examines associations between the number of health-promotion issues addressed by primary school teachers in the Netherlands and factors thought to influence this behavior. The main factors studied are context characteristics and constructs of attitude, social influence, self-efficacy…

Leurs, Mariken T. W.; Bessems, Kathelijne; Schaalma, Herman P.; de Vries, Hein

2007-01-01

448

Lessons Learned From a Decade of Focused Recruitment and Training to Develop Minority Public Health Professionals  

PubMed Central

From 1999 to 2009, the Eliminating Health Disparities Pre-doctoral Fellowship Program provided specialized education and mentoring to African American graduate students in public health. Fellows received a public health degree, coursework in understanding and eliminating health disparities, experiential learning, mentored research, and professional network building with African American role models. We describe successful strategies for recruiting and training fellows and make 5 recommendations for those seeking to increase workforce diversity in public health: (1) build a community of minority students, not a string of individual recruits; (2) reward mentoring; (3) provide a diverse set of role models and mentors; (4) dedicate staffing to assure a student-centered approach; and, (5) commit to training students with varying levels of academic refinement. PMID:21551376

Griffith, Deidre J.; Thompson, Vetta; Brownson, Ross C.; McClure, Stephanie; Scharff, Darcell P.; Clark, Eddie M.; Haire-Joshu, Debra

2011-01-01

449

"La Comunidad Habla": Using Internet Community-Based Information Interventions to Increase Empowerment and Access to Health Care of Low Income Latino/a Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The innovative educational communication interventions described in this paper include the use of bi-lingual, low literacy level websites and training created by low income Latina women to increase access to health care, health information, and the internet. We focus on one grassroots intervention, aimed at increasing access to health care for…

Ginossar, Tamar; Nelson, Sara

2010-01-01

450

Biosurveillance, Case Reporting, and Decision Support: Public Health Interactions with a Health Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes support for three public health practice domains in demonstrations of a model health information exchange\\u000a (HIE): biosurveillance, case reporting, and communication from public health to providers through integrated decision support.\\u000a The model HIE implements interoperability through the use of existing semantic and syntactic standards specified as part of\\u000a Integration Profiles to support specific data transfer use cases.

Rebecca A. Hills; William B. Lober; Ian S. Painter

2008-01-01

451

Web information retrieval for health professionals.  

PubMed

This paper presents a Web Information Retrieval System (WebIRS), which is designed to assist the healthcare professionals to obtain up-to-date medical knowledge and information via the World Wide Web (WWW). The system leverages the document classification and text summarization techniques to deliver the highly correlated medical information to the physicians. The system architecture of the proposed WebIRS is first discussed, and then a case study on an application of the proposed system in a Hong Kong medical organization is presented to illustrate the adoption process and a questionnaire is administrated to collect feedback on the operation and performance of WebIRS in comparison with conventional information retrieval in the WWW. A prototype system has been constructed and implemented on a trial basis in a medical organization. It has proven to be of benefit to healthcare professionals through its automatic functions in classification and summarizing the medical information that the physicians needed and interested. The results of the case study show that with the use of the proposed WebIRS, significant reduction of searching time and effort, with retrieval of highly relevant materials can be attained. PMID:23572176

Ting, S L; See-To, Eric W K; Tse, Y K

2013-06-01

452

Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes. PMID:24551383

Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

2013-01-01

453

MSU-Sponsored Health Insurance General Information Instructions for Waiving Health Insurance Fee  

E-print Network

MSU-Sponsored Health Insurance General Information and Instructions for Waiving Health Insurance insurance. Students are not automatically enrolled in the MSU-sponsored insurance plan, but will either elect or waive the insurance at the time of registration. Questions about the MSU-sponsored insurance

Lawrence, Rick L.

454

Consumer health informatics: an overview of patient perspectives on health information needs.  

PubMed

Patients are increasingly expressing their need for more information about their health. Different healthcare professionals provide a range of information to their patients during delivery of care. By means of a detailed literature search and a study of available evidence, this article explores patients' perspectives in gaining health-related information from the healthcare system, with particular emphasis on patients who come in contact with breast cancer services. The literature review indicates that the main issues concerning health information available to consumers can be divided into the following sections: quantity of information (amount of information, number of sources, types and strategies for distribution); quality of information (validity, relevance, accessibility, understandability, timing of acquisition); and consumer/patient factors (age, health status, empowerment to make decisions). Information-seeking behaviour of consumers should be considered as part of a broader environmental and role-related context. The acquisition of information and the decision to seek information (either personally or using the help or services of other people) is affected by stress, perception of risk, hope for reward and perceived level of self-efficacy. PMID:18239231

Dey, Aditi

2004-01-01

455

Application of the National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) to Mental Health Research  

PubMed Central

Background The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a National Institutes of Health initiative to develop item banks measuring patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and to create and make available a computerized adaptive testing system (CAT) that allows for efficient and precise assessment of PROs in clinical research and practice. Aims of the Study Based on the presentation from a symposium on “Evidence-based Outcomes in Psychiatry: Updates on Measurement Using Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO)” at the 2011 American Psychiatry Association Convention, this paper provides an overview of PROMIS and its application to mental health research. Methods The PROMIS methodology for item bank development and testing is described, with a focus on the implications of this work for mental health research. Results Utilizing qualitative item review and state-of-the-art applications of item response theory (IRT), PROMIS investigators have developed, tested, and released item banks measuring physical, mental, and social health components. Ongoing efforts continue to add new item banks and further validate existing banks. Discussion PROMIS provides item banks measuring several domains of interest to mental health researchers including emotional distress, social function, and sleep. PROMIS methodology also provides a rigorous standard for the development of new mental health measures. Implications for Health Care Provision Web-based CAT or administration of short forms derived from PROMIS item banks provide efficient and precise dimensional estimates of clinical outcomes that can be utilized to monitor patient progress and assess quality improvement. Implications for Future Research Use of the dimensional PROMIS metrics (and co-calibration of the PROMIS item banks with existing PROs) will allow comparisons of mental health and related health outcomes across disorders and studies. PMID:22345362

Riley, William T.; Pilkonis, Paul; Cella, David

2013-01-01

456

Video as a format in health information.  

PubMed

Video is a medium that has passed through a progression of technical advances including the invention of videotape, the incremental refinements to laser videodisc technologies, and the arrival of digital imaging technologies such as CD-ROM, DVD, and the Web's video streaming. Today, video is firmly established as a convenient and effective medium for conveying medical information. One result of these developments is that medical reference librarians can expect to encounter information requests and professional tasks that will require an understanding of these wide-ranging and differing video technologies. PMID:12238014

Crow, Suzanne; Ondrusek, Anita

2002-01-01

457

Mediation services with health information sources.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To design and implement mediators dedicated to access various kinds of information sources in the framework of the project ARIANE. METHOD: Mediators are dynamically built thanks to three components: pieces of knowledge issued from the UMLS knowledge sources and from a catalog of information sources, processes that translate a query into the syntax of a target source, and communication services provided by operating systems. RESULTS: A scenario details the complete mediation process with an indexed web site. CONCLUSION: This approach mixes knowledge and software engineering. It benefits from services provided by operating systems and allows scalability and reusability of software components. PMID:11079840

Aymard, S.; Joubert, M.; Fieschi, D.; Fieschi, M.

2000-01-01

458

Environmental Public Health Tracking: Health and Environment Linked for Information Exchange-Atlanta (HEXIX-Atlanta: A cooperative Program Between CDC and NASA for Development of an Environmental Public Health Tracking Network in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is coordinating HELIX- Atlanta to provide information regarding the five-county Metropolitan Atlanta Area (Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, and Gwinett) via a network of integrated environmental monitoring and public health data systems so that all sectors can take action to prevent and control environmentally related health effects. The HELIX-Atlanta Network is a tool to access interoperable information systems with optional information technology linkage functionality driven by scientific rationale. HELIX-Atlanta is a collaborative effort with local, state, federal, and academic partners, including the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. The HELIX-Atlanta Partners identified the following HELIX-Atlanta initial focus areas: childhood lead poisoning, short-latency cancers, developmental disabilities, birth defects, vital records, respiratory health, age of housing, remote sensing data, and environmental monitoring, HELIX-Atlanta Partners identified and evaluated information systems containing information on the above focus areas. The information system evaluations resulted in recommendations for what resources would be needed to interoperate selected information systems in compliance with the CDC Public Health Information Network (PHIN). This presentation will discuss the collaborative process of building a network that links health and environment data for information exchange, including NASA remote sensing data, for use in HELIX-Atlanta.

Quattrochi, Dale A.; Niskar, Amanda Sue

2005-01-01

459

Health information networks: enabling care management in IDSs.  

PubMed

To be successful, IDSs require streamlined, information integration across the continuum of care. Having this capability enables IDSs to manage care and costs efficiently, provide physicians with enterprisewide access to eligibility information, and respond to the communication and quality demands of patients. For most IDSs, the quickest and most cost-effective way to achieve overall information-system integration is to implement a health information network (HIN) based on Internet technologies. A HIN enables IDS providers and staff to access requisite administrative and clinical information from throughout the enterprise using a Web browser. PMID:10847912

McNamara, T M

2000-03-01

460

An Agile Enterprise Regulation Architecture for Health Information Security Management  

PubMed Central

Abstract Information security management for healthcare enterprises is complex as well as mission critical. Information technology requests from clinical users are of such urgency that the information office should do its best to achieve as many user requests as possible at a high service level using swift security policies. This research proposes the Agile Enterprise Regulation Architecture (AERA) of information security management for healthcare enterprises to implement as part of the electronic health record process. Survey outcomes and evidential experiences from a sample of medical center users proved that AERA encourages the information officials and enterprise administrators to overcome the challenges faced within an electronically equipped hospital. PMID:20815748

Chen, Ying-Pei; Hsieh, Sung-Huai; Chien, Tsan-Nan; Chen, Heng-Shuen; Luh, Jer-Junn; Lai, Jin-Shin; Lai, Feipei; Chen, Sao-Jie

2010-01-01

461

An agile enterprise regulation architecture for health information security management.  

PubMed

Information security management for healthcare enterprises is complex as well as mission critical. Information technology requests from clinical users are of such urgency that the information office should do its best to achieve as many user requests as possible at a high service level using swift security policies. This research proposes the Agile Enterprise Regulation Architecture (AERA) of information security management for healthcare enterprises to implement as part of the electronic health record process. Survey outcomes and evidential experiences from a sample of medical center users proved that AERA encourages the information officials and enterprise administrators to overcome the challenges faced within an electronically equipped hospital. PMID:20815748

Chen, Ying-Pei; Hsieh, Sung-Huai; Ch