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1

How Adolescents Use Technology for Health Information: Implications for Health Professionals from Focus Group Studies  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescents present many challenges in providing them effective preventive services and health care. Yet, they are typically the early adopters of new technology (eg, the Internet). This creates important opportunities for engaging youths via eHealth. Objective To describe how adolescents use technology for their health-information needs, identify the challenges they face, and highlight some emerging roles of health professionals regarding eHealth services for adolescents. Methods Using an inductive qualitative research design, 27 focus groups were conducted in Ontario, Canada. The 210 participants (55% female, 45% male; median age 16 years) were selected to reflect diversity in age, sex, geographic location, cultural identity, and risk. An 8-person team analyzed and coded the data according to major themes. Results Study participants most-frequently sought or distributed information related to school (89%), interacting with friends (85%), social concerns (85%), specific medical conditions (67%), body image and nutrition (63%), violence and personal safety (59%), and sexual health (56%). Finding personally-relevant, high-quality information was a pivotal challenge that has ramifications on the depth and types of information that adolescents can find to answer their health questions. Privacy in accessing information technology was a second key challenge. Participants reported using technologies that clustered into 4 domains along a continuum from highly-interactive to fixed information sources: (1) personal communication: telephone, cell phone, and pager; (2) social communication: e-mail, instant messaging, chat, and bulletin boards; (3) interactive environments: Web sites, search engines, and computers; and (4) unidirectional sources: television, radio, and print. Three emerging roles for health professionals in eHealth include: (1) providing an interface for adolescents with technology and assisting them in finding pertinent information sources; (2) enhancing connection to youths by extending ways and times when practitioners are available; and (3) fostering critical appraisal skills among youths for evaluating the quality of health information. Conclusions This study helps illuminate adolescent health-information needs, their use of information technologies, and emerging roles for health professionals. The findings can inform the design and more-effective use of eHealth applications for adolescent populations. PMID:14713660

Biscope, Sherry; Poland, Blake; Goldberg, Eudice

2003-01-01

2

An examination of the relationship between health information use and health orientation in korean mothers: focusing on the type of health information.  

PubMed

The present study explores the relationship between mothers' health information use and health orientation regarding their children's health. Given that the online mothering community (i.e., parenting websites) is currently an important source of parenting information for mothers of young children, the present study distinguishes between informal online health information provided by mothering communities and formal online health information provided by health-related websites to test for differences. An online survey of 533 Korean mothers of children between the ages of 0 and 3 years revealed that the frequency of health-related website use (i.e., formal information) was associated with mothers' health consciousness and their health information orientation toward their children's health. The frequency of mothering community use (i.e., informal information) was associated with health information orientation, but not with health consciousness. Mass media use and contact with a health care professional for health information were not related to health consciousness or health information orientation. However, mothers' education level moderated the relationship between interpersonal communication and health consciousness, and between print media use and health information orientation. Results are discussed with an emphasis on the theoretical and practical implications of our findings. PMID:25495418

Chae, Jiyoung; Quick, Brian L

2015-03-01

3

Quality and integration of public health information systems: A systematic review focused on immunization and vital records systems  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Public health professionals rely on quantitative data for the daily practice of public health as well as organizational decision making and planning. However, several factors work against effective data sharing among public health agencies in the US. This review characterizes the reported barriers and enablers of effective use of public health IS from an informatics perspective. Methods: A systematic review of the English language literature for 2005 to 2011 followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) format. The review focused on immunization information systems (IIS) and vital records information systems (VRIS). Systems were described according to the structural aspects of IS integration and data quality. Results: Articles describing IIS documented issues pertaining to the distribution of the system, the autonomy of the data providers, the heterogeneous nature of information sharing as well as the quality of the data. Articles describing VRIS were focused much more heavily on data quality, particularly whether or not the data were free from errors. Conclusions: For state and local practitioners to effectively utilize data, public health IS will have to overcome the challenges posed by a large number of autonomous data providers utilizing a variety of technologies. PMID:23569634

Vest, Joshua R; Kirk, Hilary M; Issel, L Michele

2012-01-01

4

Focus Issue: Women's Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week’s issues of Science and Science’s STKE concern health-related issues that are specifically pertinent to women. Topics at STKE include cell signaling pathways through which human papillomaviruses promote the development of cervical cancer and the role of membrane-associated signaling pathways in the anti-inflammatory effects of estrogen and the beneficial actions of estrogen on cardiovascular function.

L. Bryan Ray (American Association for the Advancement of Science; Editor of Science's STKE and Senior Editor of Science REV)

2005-06-14

5

Information needs of health care workers in developing countries: a literature review with a focus on Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care workers in developing countries continue to lack access to basic, practical information to enable them to deliver safe, effective care. This paper provides the first phase of a broader literature review of the information and learning needs of health care providers in developing countries. A Medline search revealed 1762 papers, of which 149 were identified as potentially relevant

Neil M Pakenham-Walsh; Frederick Bukachi

2009-01-01

6

Information needs of health care workers in developing countries: a literature review with a focus on Africa  

PubMed Central

Health care workers in developing countries continue to lack access to basic, practical information to enable them to deliver safe, effective care. This paper provides the first phase of a broader literature review of the information and learning needs of health care providers in developing countries. A Medline search revealed 1762 papers, of which 149 were identified as potentially relevant to the review. Thirty-five of these were found to be highly relevant. Eight of the 35 studies looked at information needs as perceived by health workers, patients and family/community members; 14 studies assessed the knowledge of health workers; and 8 looked at health care practice. The studies suggest a gross lack of knowledge about the basics on how to diagnose and manage common diseases, going right across the health workforce and often associated with suboptimal, ineffective and dangerous health care practices. If this level of knowledge and practice is representative, as it appears to be, it indicates that modern medicine, even at a basic level, has largely failed the majority of the world's population. The information and learning needs of family caregivers and primary and district health workers have been ignored for too long. Improving the availability and use of relevant, reliable health care information has enormous potential to radically improve health care worldwide. PMID:19356239

Pakenham-Walsh, Neil; Bukachi, Frederick

2009-01-01

7

A Decade of Research on Health Content in the Media: The Focus on Health Challenges and Sociocultural Context and Attendant Informational and Ideological Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a burgeoning interest in the health and illness content of popular media in the domains of advertising, journalism, and entertainment. This article reviews the past 10 years of this research, describing the relationship between the health topics addressed in the research, the shifting focus of concerns about the media, and, ultimately, the variation in problems for health promotion.

Kimberly N. Kline

2006-01-01

8

Evaluating Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

Millions of consumers get health information from magazines, TV or the Internet. Some of the information is reliable and up to date; some is not. ... a branch of the government, a university, a health organization, a hospital or a business? Focus on ...

9

Characteristics of primary health care units with focus on drug information from the pharmaceutical industry and adherence to prescribing objectives: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Adherence to prescribing guidelines varies between primary health care units. The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations between characteristics of primary health care units and adherence to prescribing objectives for rational drug use with focus on drug information from the pharmaceutical industry. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in all 25 primary health care units in Göteborg, Sweden. A questionnaire on characteristics of practice settings [(i) size of unit, (ii) profession of head, (iii) use of temporary physicians, (iv) drug information from the pharmaceutical industry, (v) producer-independent drug information, and (vi) education on prescribing for newly employed physicians] was sent to the heads of the units. A national sales register for prescribed drugs (Xplain) was used for evaluation of adherence to the six regional prescribing objectives concerning proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), statins and antidepressants. Results Twenty-two out of 25 primary health care units responded to the questionnaire (response rate 88%). A physician as head and presence of producer-independent drug information was positively correlated with adherence to the prescribing objectives (median number of prescribing objectives adhered to (25th - 75th percentile): 2.5 (1-3.25) vs 1 (0-2), P = 0.013; 2 (1-3) vs 0, P = 0.043, respectively. Presence of drug information from the pharmaceutical industry and education on prescribing for newly employed physicians was negatively associated with adherence to the prescribing objectives: 1 (0-2) vs 3.5 (2.25-4.75), P = 0.005; 1 (0-2) vs 3 (1.5-4), P = 0.034, respectively. Conclusion Several characteristics of the primary health care units correlated with adherence to prescribing objectives for rational drug use. Further research on this topic is needed and would constitute valuable information for health care decision makers. PMID:20156362

2010-01-01

10

National Health Information Center  

MedlinePLUS

... 2014 Federal Health Information Centers and Clearinghouses . Toll-Free Numbers for Health Information These organizations offer health- ... treatment for any disease. Some of the toll-free numbers use recorded messages, while others offer personalized ...

11

Connecting for health literacy: health information partners.  

PubMed

This article describes a community-based health information partnership to address health literacy and health information inequalities in marginalized communities. Public health, medical, literacy, and library practitioners promote health literacy through outreach, training, and professional development activities in community settings. They create learning environments for people to develop the necessary knowledge and skills to better understand health information and health policy so they can make decisions concerning personal and community health. Outreach activities focus on visits to neighborhood health centers, health fairs, health exhibits at union meetings and conferences; training programs involve hands-on, peer-led computer classes for people living with HIV and for the general public; and professional development programs connect librarians, health providers, public health workers, and literacy teachers in joint planning and learning. Several learners currently participate in and lead community health education programs and HIV advocacy. The coalition's strength develops from strongly shared objectives, an absence of territoriality, and a core active leadership group. PMID:18544664

Pomerantz, Karyn L; Muhammad, Abdul-Ali; Downey, Stacey; Kind, Terry

2010-01-01

12

Connecting for Health Literacy: Health Information Partners  

PubMed Central

This article describes a community-based health information partnership to address health literacy and health information inequalities in marginalized communities. Public health, medical, literacy, and library practitioners promote health literacy through outreach, training, and professional development activities in community settings. They create learning environments for people to develop the necessary knowledge and skills to better understand health information and health policy so they can make decisions concerning personal and community health. Outreach activities focus on visits to neighborhood health centers, health fairs, health exhibits at union meetings and conferences; training programs involve hands-on, peer-led computer classes for people living with HIV and for the general public; and professional development programs connect librarians, health providers, public health workers, and literacy teachers in joint planning and learning. Several learners currently participate in and lead community health education programs and HIV advocacy. The coalition's strength develops from strongly shared objectives, an absence of territoriality, and a core active leadership group. PMID:18544664

Pomerantz, Karyn L.; Muhammad, Abdul-Ali; Downey, Stacey; Kind, Terry

2010-01-01

13

Why focus on mental health systems?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global situation for people with mental illness – in developing and developed countries – is dire. Legislative and human rights protections are frequently lacking. Mental health budgets are inadequate. There are insufficient numbers of skilled policy makers, managers and clinicians. Communities are poorly informed about mental health and illness and not well organised for purposes of advocacy. In most

Harry Minas; Alex Cohen

2007-01-01

14

Spivack, Richard. "Advanced Technology Program Information Infrastructure for Healthcare Focused Program" The Future of Health Technology. ed. Renata Bushko. IOS Press, 2002.  

E-print Network

of the rising costs of healthcare and the quality of care offered. The objective of the ATP IIH focus program States' $1 trillion healthcare cost spent on paperwork, and to improve the quality and flexible deliverySpivack, Richard. "Advanced Technology Program Information Infrastructure for Healthcare Focused

15

Your Health Information Rights  

MedlinePLUS

... to access your health information Right to an accounting of disclosures of your health information Right to ... Yes. You have a right to receive an "accounting of disclosures," which is a list of certain ...

16

Information Technology Outside Health Care  

PubMed Central

Non-health-care uses of information technology (IT) provide important lessons for health care informatics that are often overlooked because of the focus on the ways in which health care is different from other domains. Eight examples of IT use outside health care provide a context in which to examine the content and potential relevance of these lessons. Drawn from personal experience, five books, and two interviews, the examples deal with the role of leadership, academia, the private sector, the government, and individuals working in large organizations. The interviews focus on the need to manage technologic change. The lessons shed light on how to manage complexity, create and deploy standards, empower individuals, and overcome the occasional “wrongness” of conventional wisdom. One conclusion is that any health care informatics self-examination should be outward-looking and focus on the role of health care IT in the larger context of the evolving uses of IT in all domains. PMID:10495095

Tuttle, Mark S.

1999-01-01

17

Personal Health Information Management: Consumers' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal health information management (PHIM) refers to activities that support consumers' access, integration, organization, and use of their personal health information. We investigated PHIM in the health consumer population using a focus group and participatory design. In collaboration with health consumers, we identified PHIM activities and ex- plored the design of new supportive technology. Our findings describe prominent PHIM activities

Andrea Civan; Meredith M. Skeels; Anna Stolyar; Wanda Pratt

18

The Environment and Health endorsed option focuses on physical and  

E-print Network

The Environment and Health endorsed option focuses on physical and social environments protection, health promotion, health education, urban development, resource management, health policy of population health must take into account the physical and social environments within which people live

Hickman, Mark

19

Identifying Information Focuses in Listening Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explains the process of learners' listening comprehension within Halliday's information theory in functional grammar, including the skills of identifying focuses while listening in college English teaching. Identifying information focuses in listening is proved to improve the students' communicative listening ability by the means of a…

Zhang, Hong-yan

2011-01-01

20

Health information community networks.  

PubMed Central

The author supports the development of health information community networks (HICNs) as an important tool for use by individuals and community groups. HICNs can enable citizens, organizations, and communities to exchange geographically based information on community health status. Through HICNs, individuals and groups will be able to share information, prioritize issues, resolve conflicts, estimate the impact of policy initiatives, and plan, organize, manage, and evaluate programs and projects that deal with community health issues. PMID:10968768

Duhl, L J

2000-01-01

21

Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Women's Health Information Center, offered by editors of JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association (AMA), provides the latest research and clinical information on women's health issues for physicians and other health professionals. A Newsline section features current stories from Reuters Health Information and special reports from Morbidity, Mortality and Weekly Reports (MMWR) which may be read in HTML or downloaded as .pdf files. The Library section features full text of selected articles on women's health issues and abstracts of articles recently published in medical journals. For the latest information on sexually transmitted diseases or contraceptive issues, visit the STD Information Center or the Contraception Information Center, each of which features the latest news, patient education materials, clinical guidelines for treatment, recommended Internet resources, and abstracts and full-text reports on the latest research.

22

Health Careers Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Health Careers Information System (HCIS) is a national computerized mechanism developed by the Health Manpower Development Corporation that is designed to identify low-income and/or minority college students with an expressed interest in and demonstrated capacity for health careers. (Author)

Gunn, Linda N.

1975-01-01

23

Women's Health Informational Handout  

E-print Network

Women's Health Informational Handout 9-19-13 Next Choice One Dose Request Form Students may now normal. Return to Women's Health for a pregnancy test if you do not get a NORMAL period in 3 weeks transmitted infection testing in Women's Health in 10-14 days Condoms must be used for the rest of the month

Bushman, Frederic

24

Your Health Information Privacy Rights  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Privacy Rights 1 YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION PRIVACY RIGHTS Most of us feel that our health information is private and should be protected. ... and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), gives you rights over your health information, including the right to ...

25

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused  

E-print Network

/14) Oregon State University Visiting Scholars 20142015 Student Health Insurance Plan How much does it cost Charge This material is for information only. Health insurance plans contain exclusions, limitationsAetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused health

Tullos, Desiree

26

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

27

Global Focus Microscope The Global Health Challenge  

E-print Network

Summer 2006 BIKE RIDE FOR GLOBAL HEALTH ANATOMY RECONFIGURED ALUMNI NEWS AND FEATURES Goldfor Teaching to raise money for and awareness of global health issues. I trust you'll find this a "moving" issue Bike Ride for Global Health 14 NJMS Student Pursues Research at NIH 14 Accolades 15 A Large Step

28

Internet Use for Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Services Utilization > Internet use for Health Information Internet use for Health Information Narrative Due in part ... adults in the United States who use the Internet has increased substantially, from 47 percent in 2000 ...

29

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2012-10-01

30

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2013-10-01

31

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

32

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2011-10-01

33

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2014-10-01

34

Family-Focused Mental Health Care Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health care is undergoing many changes that affect families, which continue to provide much of the day-to-day care for mentally ill persons. This article reviews the history of mental health care in the United States from 1940 to the present as it has changed from a system of programs providing institutional care to a system of programs providing community

Mary Ann Camann

1996-01-01

35

Focus Mutual Information for medical image alignment in  

E-print Network

Focus Mutual Information for medical image alignment in dentistry, orthodontics and craniofacial . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.3.2 Mutual information image alignment . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.3.3 Information theory applied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3 Focus Mutual Information alignment 27 3.1 Introduction

Einmahl, Uwe

36

Health and Young Children. Focus on Fitness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much "junk food" is too much? This question is difficult to answer, because it depends on the health and weight status of the child. If the child already has a weight problem, then this type of snack should be more restricted than for a child without weight issues. In this article, Dr. Ludwig states that, as a general rule, parents should not…

Ludwig, David

2006-01-01

37

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research  

E-print Network

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

Bushman, Frederic

38

American Health Information Management Association  

MedlinePLUS

... a healthcare organization that demonstrates outstanding health information management across its organization and community. Submit your nomination ... YouTube Copyright © 2014 by The American Health Information Management Association. All Rights Reserved.

39

National Institutes of Health: Health Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Health Information portion of the National Institutes of Health website covers a wide range of topics. This consumer-oriented site includes Quick Links, on the left side of the page, to such topics as "Child & Teen Health", "Men's Health", "Minority Health", and "Seniors' Health". To browse health categories, the visitor can browse several different ways. They can browse under "Body Location/Systems", "Conditions/Diseases", "Procedures", and "Health and Wellness". On the left side of the page the visitor can also choose to search for Health Topics alphabetically and for those more inclined toward audio learning, visitors can listen to NIH Radio by clicking on "MP3 audio reports" on the right side of the page. The Research in Action feature in the top middle of the page offers insight into how humans hear. Just click on the picture above Research in Action to be taken to the article. For visitors who just can't find what they need on the Health Information site, there are a slew of Related Links near the bottom of the page, including Health Information on the Web, Health Newsletters, Health Databases, and Federal Health Agencies.

40

Using Focus Groups To Inform the Neuro-QOL Measurement Tool: Exploring Patient-Centered, Health-Related Quality of Life Concepts Across Neurological Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is of particular importance in neurology clinical trials, where differences in clinical measurements or laboratory data may not translate into sig- nificant benefit to the patients. A fundamental consideration in the development and use of an HRQL instrument is whether the instrument's conceptual framework accurately reflects the HRQL experience of the population of

Lori Perez; Jennifer Huang; Liz Jansky; Cindy Nowinski; David Victorson; Amy Peterman; David Cella

2007-01-01

41

Use of focus groups for the environmental health researcher.  

PubMed

Qualitative research techniques, such as focus groups, are often underutilized by the environmental health researcher. Researchers can use the data from focus groups for study planning and implementation, as well as the interpretation of study results. Focus group data can also be used to understand community risk perceptions and potential barriers to co munity acceptance of programs and policies. This paper describes the value of focus groups for the environmental health researcher. Examples from the literature are inccorporated to demonstrate the effective use of focus groups in a variety of environmental health research settings. A brief review of data analysis approaches, including commercially available software, is provided. The authors encourage increased application of this and other qualitative research methods in environmental health research. PMID:15957321

Lobdell, Danelle T; Gilboa, Suzanne; Mendola, Pauline; Hesse, Bradford W

2005-05-01

42

Digital health information provision and health outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

An online questionnaire survey of more than 1,000 users of a consumer health website, SurgeryDoor, was conducted, which sought to discover why the site was consulted and whether the information obtained from it had any health outcome. The majority of respondents were women and middle aged. Doctors were the first port of call for information, but 50% of respondents cited

David Nicholas; Paul Huntington; Peter Williams; Paul Blackburn

2001-01-01

43

Health Information in Hindi (??????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ???? (Hindi) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Arrhythmia Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) ?????? (Hindi) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations EPS (Electrophysiology Study) ?????? (Hindi) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations ...

44

The focus group method: Insights from focus group interviews on sexual health with adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article concerns the manner in which group interaction during focus groups impacted upon the data generated in a study of adolescent sexual health. Twenty-nine group interviews were conducted with secondary school pupils in Ireland, and data were subjected to a qualitative analysis. In exploring the relationship between method and theory generation, we begin by focusing on the ethnographic potential

Abbey Hyde; Etaoine Howlett; Dympna Brady; Jonathan Drennan

2005-01-01

45

Providing relevant health information to patient-centered healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient-centric healthcare is an emerging healthcare model that optimizes the healthcare system to focus on patient experience and outcomes for better health and well-being. It requires that patients as well as physicians should have the ability to obtain and understand health information, and make appropriate health decisions. A problem is how such health information should be gathered from a variety

J. Puustjarvi; L. Puustjarvi

2010-01-01

46

Health Services Career Cluster ITAC for Career-Focused Education. Integrated Technical & Academic Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for Ohio educators responsible for planning programs to prepare high school students for careers in health services, this document presents an overview of Ohio's Integrated Technical and Academic Competencies (ITAC) system of career-focused education and specific information about the health services ITAC career cluster. The first half of…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

47

Health Information for Older People  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF Order Free Copies Related Items Buying Health Products and Services Online Health Information for Older People If your typical search for health information consists of typing a topic into a search engine, you’re not alone. But you’re also ...

48

Adaptive Visualization for Focused Personalized Information Retrieval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new trend on the Web has totally changed today's information access environment. The traditional information overload problem has evolved into the qualitative level beyond the quantitative growth. The mode of producing and consuming information is changing and we need a new paradigm for accessing information. Personalized search is one of…

Ahn, Jae-wook

2010-01-01

49

Improving injury prevention through health information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology is an emerging area of focus in clinical medicine with the potential to improve injury and violence prevention practice. With injuries being the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1-44 years, greater implementation of evidence-based preventive services, referral to community resources, and real-time surveillance of emerging threats is needed. Through a review of the literature and capturing of current practice in the field, this paper showcases how health information technology applied to injury and violence prevention can lead to strengthened clinical preventive services, more rigorous measurement of clinical outcomes, and improved injury surveillance, potentially resulting in health improvement. PMID:25441230

Haegerich, Tamara M; Sugerman, David E; Annest, Joseph L; Klevens, Joanne; Baldwin, Grant T

2015-02-01

50

PSST... Privacy, Safety, Security, and Trust in Health Information Websites  

E-print Network

PSST... Privacy, Safety, Security, and Trust in Health Information Websites Hamman W. Samuel Dept, and harm caused by false information. In the e-health domain, there has been a lot of focus on ethical issues when dealing with electronic health records (EHRs) and patient medical records (PMRs). However

Zaiane, Osmar R.

51

Findability in Health Information Websites Hamman W. Samuel  

E-print Network

Findability in Health Information Websites Hamman W. Samuel Department of Computing Science.zaiane@ualberta.ca Abstract-- In this study, we investigate how health informa- tion consumers locate content on health content on health websites, that is, findability. We focus on and identify usability issues with three key

Zaiane, Osmar R.

52

Congrees and information technology: A new focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

It used to be so simple for libraries, this intellectual property thing! As information technology has been adopted for the mediation of what may be termed “content,” the level of complexity of the policy issues, the number of stakeholders, and the need for new legal definitions have all grown apace. We only have to go back to mid-1980s when the

Prudence S. Adler

1999-01-01

53

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

operations, our directory, national security,law enforcement corrections, and certain health oversightUNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER (UHC) NOTICE OF HEALTH INFORMATION PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES

Arnold, Jonathan

54

Turning quicksand into bedrock : understanding the dynamic effects of disease-focused global health aid on health systems  

E-print Network

This thesis asks one basic question: how do "vertical" disease- or intervention-focused global health programs impact the underlying health systems of the nations they serve? Vertical programs-health aid focused on a ...

Newkirk, Brian J

2009-01-01

55

Health Information in Korean (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ??? (Korean) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) GTT (???(???) ??) - ??? (Korean) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Diabetes and Pregnancy Diabetes during Pregnancy ?? ? ??? - ...

56

Health Information in Ukrainian (??????????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ?????????? (Ukrainian) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) GTT (????? ?? ????????????? ?? ???????) - ?????????? (Ukrainian) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Diabetes and Pregnancy Diabetes during Pregnancy ?????? ??? ??? ...

57

Health Information in Arabic (???????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ?????? ??? ????? - ??????? Multimedia Patient Education Institute Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) (Arabic) ??????? Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations EPS (Electrophysiology Study) (Arabic) ??????? Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Arthritis ...

58

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

PubMed Central

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility of social media-based health education and communication will improve as technology developers and public health officials determine ways to improve information accuracy and address privacy concerns. PMID:24465171

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2014-01-01

59

OCCAM - Health Information  

Cancer.gov

Contact Us | Sitemap CAM at the NCI NCI CAM History Highlights of NCI CAM Activities NCI CAM Annual Report Research Funding Opportunities Grant Application Information Research Resources Funded Research Research Results Training Opportunities FAQ's

60

An Examination of Health Information Management by the Deaf  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how Deaf people perceive, access, and utilize interpersonal and media sources for health information. In light of the scarcity of research on health information management among this group, a two-phase study was conducted that included eight focus groups (N=39) and survey data (N=366) with Deaf participants to determine the…

Karras, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

61

Woman to Woman: Community Health Information Project*  

PubMed Central

The Woman to Woman: Community Health Information Project facilitates information access at selected community-based women's health agencies in Houston, Texas. The community partners were selected based on objectives outlined in Healthy People 2010. A variety of institutions and disciplines contributed to the planning and implementation of the project. Internet-connected workstations were placed at each participating agency site for staff use. A comprehensive compendium of local health resources for women was developed and posted on a dedicated Website. In addition, training in accessing electronic health information resources was provided for staff at each participating site. Trainees provided evaluative data at the end of the training session as well as one month later so that project members could determine the need for additional training. Site visits and structured interviews were also conducted at each participating agency to monitor progress and further evaluate the program. A final focus group was conducted with representatives from each participating agency to assess the project's success. Evaluative findings indicate that academic and community-based organizations can collaborate effectively to increase women's access to electronic health information. PMID:14566370

Huber, Jeffrey T.; Peek, Kathryn E.; Hughes, Lisa A.; Little, Felicia

2003-01-01

62

Designing a bone health and soy focus group discussion guide based on the health belief model  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Focus groups were used to assess the knowledge and skills of women in order to support curricula development. The Health Belief Model was applied to the discussion guide to enhance focus group findings and applications. Constructs related to perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers...

63

Health information reform issues for Eastern Europe.  

PubMed

This paper reflects on issues related to health information reform in countries of Eastern Europe. Drawing on recent health information systems planning initiatives in central and eastern Europe, the evolution of health information in Canada, and other international developments, as well as consulting experiences in Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine over the past four years, observations and recommendations are offered for assisting health information reform. Definitions of health and health information, a model for allocating resources for health services, and a conceptual framework for community health information used in Canada are presented. PMID:8591517

Voigt, B C; Kohut, M B

1995-01-01

64

Connecting humans and health through health information exchange.  

PubMed

To address healthcare quality, efficiency and safety, a national health information technology (IT) initiative was announced by the President of the United States in 2004 to make Electronic Health Records (EHR) available to most Americans within 10 years. The National Health IT Agenda has advanced with recognition of interoperability standards for Personal Health Records (PHR) and Population Health information exchange. This session will illustrate the national processes, timeline, stakeholders and benefits of adoption of interoperability standards to enable health information exchange. PMID:19592964

Sensmeier, Joyce; Casey Halley, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

65

Identifying Barriers to Healthcare to Reduce Health Disparity in Zuni Indians Using Focus Group Conducted by Community Health Workers  

PubMed Central

The Zuni Pueblo is home to an economically disadvantaged population, which faces a public health challenge from the interrelated epidemics of obesity, diabetes and kidney disease. Efforts to decrease the impact of these epidemics have been complicated by historical, economic and cultural barriers, which may limit health-care utilization. The NIH supported Zuni Health Initiative (ZHI) conducted a study to identify barriers to heath care in the Zuni Pueblo. Community health representatives (CHRs) led 14 one-hour focus group sessions at which a total of 112 people participated posed unique questions that took into account the Zuni culture to elicit information on perceived barriers to health care. Audiotapes were translated and transcribed by bilingual ZHI staff. We reduced the text to thematic categories, constructed a coding dictionary and inserted the text into NVivo 9 program. We identified nine themes emerged regarding the barriers experienced in receiving health care and adhering to medical advice. These included distance; transportation; embarrassment; relating to healthcare professionals; navigating the medical system; awareness of available resources; waiting times; adhering to medication; and incentives in health promotion. In conclusion the implementation of culturally appropriate community based health promotion programs and preventive screening techniques will improve access to health care and diminish health disparities. PMID:24528897

Shah, Vallabh O.; Ghahate, Donica M; Bobelu, Jeanette; Sandy, Phillip; Newman, Sara; Helitzer, Deborah L.; Faber, Thomas; Zager, Philip

2013-01-01

66

Evaluating Online Sources of Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... questions to determine the credibility of health information published online. Who manages this information? The person or group that has published health information online should be identified somewhere. Who ...

67

Community-wide implementation of health information technology: the Massachusetts eHealth Collaborative experience.  

PubMed

The Massachusetts eHealth Collaborative (MAeHC) was formed to improve patient safety and quality of care by promoting the use of health information technology through community-based implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) and health information exchange. The Collaborative has recently implemented EHRs in a diverse set of competitively selected communities, encompassing nearly 500 physicians serving over 500,000 patients. Targeting both EHR implementation and health information exchange at the community level has identified numerous challenges and strategies for overcoming them. This article describes the formation and implementation phases of the Collaborative, focusing on barriers identified, lessons learned, and policy issues. PMID:18952937

Goroll, Allan H; Simon, Steven R; Tripathi, Micky; Ascenzo, Carl; Bates, David W

2009-01-01

68

Community-wide Implementation of Health Information Technology: The Massachusetts eHealth Collaborative Experience  

PubMed Central

The Massachusetts eHealth Collaborative (MAeHC) was formed to improve patient safety and quality of care by promoting the use of health information technology through community-based implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) and health information exchange. The Collaborative has recently implemented EHRs in a diverse set of competitively selected communities, encompassing nearly 500 physicians serving over 500,000 patients. Targeting both EHR implementation and health information exchange at the community level has identified numerous challenges and strategies for overcoming them. This article describes the formation and implementation phases of the Collaborative, focusing on barriers identified, lessons learned, and policy issues. PMID:18952937

Goroll, Allan H.; Simon, Steven R.; Tripathi, Micky; Ascenzo, Carl; Bates, David W.

2009-01-01

69

Health information systems - past, present, future.  

PubMed

In 1984, Peter Reichertz gave a lecture on the past, present and future of hospital information systems. In the meantime, there has been a tremendous progress in medicine as well as in informatics. One important benefit of this progress is that our life expectancy is nowadays significantly higher than it would have been even some few decades ago. This progress, leading to aging societies, is of influence to the organization of health care and to the future development of its information systems. Twenty years later, referring to Peter Reichertz' lecture, but now considering health information systems (HIS), two questions are discussed: which were lines of development in health information systems from the past until today? What are consequences for health information systems in the future? The following lines of development for HIS were considered as important: (1) the shift from paper-based to computer-based processing and storage, as well as the increase of data in health care settings; (2) the shift from institution-centered departmental and, later, hospital information systems towards regional and global HIS; (3) the inclusion of patients and health consumers as HIS users, besides health care professionals and administrators; (4) the use of HIS data not only for patient care and administrative purposes, but also for health care planning as well as clinical and epidemiological research; (5) the shift from focusing mainly on technical HIS problems to those of change management as well as of strategic information management; (6) the shift from mainly alpha-numeric data in HIS to images and now also to data on the molecular level; (7) the steady increase of new technologies to be included, now starting to include ubiquitous computing environments and sensor-based technologies for health monitoring. As consequences for HIS in the future, first the need for institutional and (inter-) national HIS-strategies is seen, second the need to explore new (transinstitutional) HIS architectural styles, third the need for education in health informatics and/or biomedical informatics, including appropriate knowledge and skills on HIS. As these new HIS are urgently needed for reorganizing health care in an aging society, as last consequence the need for research around HIS is seen. Research should include the development and investigation of appropriate transinstitutional information system architectures, of adequate methods for strategic information management, of methods for modeling and evaluating HIS, the development and investigation of comprehensive electronic patient records, providing appropriate access for health care professionals as well as for patients, in the broad sense as described here, e.g. including home care and health monitoring facilities. Comparing the world in 1984 and in 2004, we have to recognize that we imperceptibly, stepwise arrived at a new world. HIS have become one of the most challenging and promising fields of research, education and practice for medical informatics, with significant benefits to medicine and health care in general. PMID:16169771

Haux, Reinhold

2006-01-01

70

Monash University Health Service Patient Information Sheet  

E-print Network

and travel immunisations are available. Sexual health The UHS provides advice in all areas of sexual healthMonash University Health Service Patient Information Sheet Purpose The University Health Service health services is offered to the University community with an emphasis on illness prevention and health

Albrecht, David

71

Health Psychology Exam 1 Learning Objectives 1) Define health psychology and behavioral medicine. What are the four areas of focus  

E-print Network

and behavioral medicine. What are the four areas of focus in Health Psychology? 2) Describe how philosophical, and physician practice. How could we redesign our current health care system to focus on primary prevention and effectiveness studies. 2) Define health behaviors, health habits and primary prevention. Discuss how do

Meagher, Mary

72

Interoperability design of personal health information import service.  

PubMed

Availability of personal health information for individual use from professional patient records is an important success factor for personal health information management (PHIM) solutions such as personal health records. In this paper we focus on this crucial part of personal wellbeing information management splutions and report the interoperability design of personal information import service. Key requirements as well as design factors for interfaces between PHRs and EPRs are discussed. Open standards, low implementation threshold and the acknowledgement of local market and conventions are emphasized in the design. PMID:22874233

Tuomainen, Mika; Mykkänen, Juha

2012-01-01

73

Pathway to Support the Sustainable National Health Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heath information across geographically distributed healthcare centers has been recognized as an essential resource that drives an efficient national health-care plan. There is thus a need for the National Health Information System (NHIS) that provides the transparent and secure access to health information from different healthcare centers both on demand and in a time efficient manner. As healthiness is the ultimate goal of people and nation, we believe that the NHIS should be sustainable by taking the healthcare center and information consumer perspectives into account. Several issues in particular must be resolved altogether: (i) the diversity of health information structures among healthcare centers; (ii) the availability of health information sharing from healthcare centers; (iii) the efficient information access to various healthcare centers; and (iv) the privacy and privilege of heath information. To achieve the sustainable NHIS, this paper details our work which is divided into 3 main phases. Essentially, the first phase focuses on the application of metadata standard to enable the interoperability and usability of health information across healthcare centers. The second phase moves forward to make information sharing possible and to provide an efficient information access to a large number of healthcare centers. Finally, in the third phase, the privacy and privilege of health information is promoted with respect to access rights of information consumers.

Sahavechaphan, Naiyana; Phengsuwan, Jedsada; U-Ruekolan, Suriya; Aroonrua, Kamron; Ponhan, Jukrapong; Harnsamut, Nattapon; Vannarat, Sornthep

74

Health Attitudes, Health Cognitions, and Health Behaviors among Internet Health Information Seekers: Population-Based Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Using a functional theory of media use, this paper examines the process of health-information seeking in different domains of Internet use. Objective Based on an analysis of the 1999 HealthStyles data, this study was designed to demonstrate that people who gather information on the Internet are more health-oriented than non-users of Internet health information. Methods The Porter Novelli HealthStyles database, collected annually since 1995, is based on the results of nationally representative postal mail surveys. In 1999, 2636 respondents provided usable data for the HealthStyles database. Independent sample t-tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results The results showed that individuals who searched for health information on the Internet were indeed more likely to be health-oriented than those who did not. Consumers who sought out medical information on the Internet reported higher levels of health-information orientation and healthy activities, as well as stronger health beliefs than those who did not search for medical news on the Internet. It was observed that those who reported searching for information about drugs and medications on the Internet held stronger health beliefs than the non-searchers. Comparison of individuals who reported seeking out information about specific diseases on the Internet with individuals who did not showed those who sought out disease-specific information on the Internet to be more health-oriented. Finally, consumers who sought out healthy lifestyle information on the Internet were more health conscious and more health-information oriented than those who did not. They were also more likely to hold stronger health-oriented beliefs and to engage in healthy activities. Conclusions The results support the functional theory of Internet use. Internet searchers who used the Internet for a wide range of health purposes were typically more health oriented than non-searchers. PMID:15249264

2004-01-01

75

77 FR 2734 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...advancement and effective use of Health Information Technology. These...patient outcomes and reductions of health disparities for underserved communities in...ensure a timely implementation of a Health Center Controlled Network in...

2012-01-19

76

On What Diseases and Health Conditions Should New Economic Research on Health and Development Focus?  

PubMed Central

Given the public goods nature of research, economic research on health in developing countries is likely to have the highest returns by focusing, inter alia, on diseases and health conditions that are relatively widespread and costly and that are relatively rapidly growing. This article first summarizes the time patterns in economic research on diseases and health in developing countries for 1990–2005. It then compares those time patterns with the distribution of DALYS for diseases and health conditions in developing countries estimated for 2005 and for 2030. These comparisons suggest relatively overemphasis on HIV/AIDS and underemphasis on noncommunicable diseases. This opens the possibility for individuals or organizations initiating, re-evaluating or increasing their economic research on health and development to make a significant contribution by focusing particularly on the analysis of behaviour and policy choices related to non-communicable diseases. Careful consideration must, of course, be given to other demands, but on the basis of these two criteria, potential contributions are likely to be greatest from research with such a focus. PMID:19294633

Behrman, Jere R.; Behrman, Julia A.; Perez, Nykia M.

2010-01-01

77

Health Information in Japanese (???): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) GTT (????????) - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Two Reasons I Find Time to Prevent Diabetes: My Future and Theirs ??? (Japanese) PDF National ...

78

Information Technology for Health Care in Mozambique  

E-print Network

.hisp.org) aiming at improving health information management within the primary health care sector. The aim of HISPInformation Technology for Health Care in Mozambique Editorial Introduction Eric Monteiro Associate that are relevant to the development of health information systems under the current social and political conditions

Monteiro, Eric

79

Health Information in Russian (???????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF Health Information Translations HPV Human Papillomavirus HPV (Gardasil) VIS - English ??????? ?????? ??? (?????? ????????? ????????) - Gardasil - ??????? (Russian) PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for ...

80

Current challenges of personal health information management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Health care has come to a turning point. Particularly due to aging societies and economic pressure placed on health care system, health is rapidly becoming one's own responsibility. This fundamental paradigm shift does not only affect the way health care services that will be provided in the near future but it also places enormous health information management demands

Janne Lahtiranta

2009-01-01

81

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen's (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido's (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2011-06-01

82

Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Health Information Access and Dissemination in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which assessed the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) in health information access and dissemination in Uganda. The project focused not only on information obtainable through libraries for research, teaching, learning and practice, but also on ICT applications concerned with the…

Omona, Walter; Ikoja-Odongo, Robert

2006-01-01

83

Demographic data and geographic information systems for decision making: The case of public health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent changes in the United States health care system include a broadened definition of health and renewed focus on public health. Increasingly, demographic analyses are incorporated into public health decision-making. Analysts also are using geographic information more routinely, because Geographic Information System (GIS) software is becoming easier to use. The paper describes three cases in which demographers used GIS to

Jeanne G. Gobalet; Richard K. Thomas

1996-01-01

84

What young people want from health-related online resources: a focus group study  

PubMed Central

The growth of the Internet as an information source about health, particularly amongst young people, is well established. The aim of this study was to explore young people's perceptions and experiences of engaging with health-related online content, particularly through social media websites. Between February and July 2011 nine focus groups were facilitated across Scotland with young people aged between 14 and 18 years. Health-related user-generated content seems to be appreciated by young people as a useful, if not always trustworthy, source of accounts of other people's experiences. The reliability and quality of both user-generated content and official factual content about health appear to be concerns for young people, and they employ specialised strategies for negotiating both areas of the online environment. Young people's engagement with health online is a dynamic area for research. Their perceptions and experiences of health-related content seem based on their wider familiarity with the online environment and, as the online environment develops, so too do young people's strategies and conventions for accessing it. PMID:24748849

Fergie, Gillian; Hunt, Kate; Hilton, Shona

2012-01-01

85

Reducing the health disparities of Indigenous Australians: time to change focus  

PubMed Central

Background Indigenous peoples have worse health than non-Indigenous, are over-represented amongst the poor and disadvantaged, have lower life expectancies, and success in improving disparities is limited. To address this, research usually focuses on disadvantaged and marginalised groups, offering only partial understanding of influences underpinning slow progress. Critical analysis is also required of those with the power to perpetuate or improve health inequities. In this paper, using Australia as a case example, we explore the effects of ‘White’, Anglo-Australian cultural dominance in health service delivery to Indigenous Australians. We address the issue using race as an organising principle, underpinned by relations of power. Methods Interviews with non-Indigenous medical practitioners in Western Australia with extensive experience in Indigenous health encouraged reflection and articulation of their insights into factors promoting or impeding quality health care to Indigenous Australians. Interviews were audio-taped and transcribed. An inductive, exploratory analysis identified key themes that were reviewed and interrogated in light of existing literature on health care to Indigenous people, race and disadvantage. The researchers’ past experience, knowledge and understanding of health care and Indigenous health assisted with data interpretation. Informal discussions were also held with colleagues working professionally in Indigenous policy, practice and community settings. Results Racism emerged as a key issue, leading us to more deeply interrogate the role ‘Whiteness’ plays in Indigenous health care. While Whiteness can refer to skin colour, it also represents a racialized social structure where Indigenous knowledge, beliefs and values are subjugated to the dominant western biomedical model in policy and practice. Racism towards Indigenous patients in health services was institutional and interpersonal. Internalised racism was manifest when Indigenous patients incorporated racist attitudes and beliefs into their lived experience, lowering expectations and their sense of self-worth. Conclusions Current health policies and practices favour standardised care where the voice of those who are marginalised is often absent. Examining the effectiveness of such models in reducing health disparities requires health providers to critically reflect on whether policies and practices promote or compromise Indigenous health and wellbeing - an important step in changing the discourse that places Indigenous people at the centre of the problem. PMID:22682494

2012-01-01

86

[Health Information Technology -where are we heading?].  

PubMed

The current issue of "Harefuah" dedicates a special corner to Health Information Technology (HIT), with a collection of five review papers discussing different areas of the field, focusing on its benefits to the quality of healthcare. In the first paper Topaz and Ash describe the United States MeaningfuL Use project, and list the lessons that the Israeli health system should learn from it. Zelingher and Ash analyze the decision of the Israeli Ministry of Health to move from the old coding system of ICD-9-CM to a combination of SNOMED-CT as a clinical terminology system and ICD-10-CM as the classification coding system. The authors conclude that achieving a standardized, homogenous and thorough coding of problems, diagnoses and procedures will enable interoperability in the Israeli health system. Shalom et al present us to the world of computerized clinical guidelines. They review the different projects that aim to bring tools and methods to transform the paper based guidelines to computer programs that support the everyday decisions that physicians take regarding their patients. The authors focus on their experience in developing methodology, tools and a library of computerized guidelines, and describe their evaluation in several projects. Shahar et al dive deeper to describe the challenge of representing time in cLinicaL guidelines and creating tools to discover new knowledge based on represented known knowledge. These two papers demonstrate the meaningful use of medicaL data. In the last article, Siegal addresses some legal concerns evolving from the HIT revolution, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, aspects of medical risk management and management of national health system resources. In the judgment of the Israeli court, a medical organization will possibly have to take the responsibiLity of not implementing a proven HIT system. This paper concludes with descriptions of two studies evaluating health information systems in Israel. These studies will be presented at the forthcoming conference of the IsraeLi Association of Medical Informatics (ILAMI). PMID:23885446

Ash, Nachman; Levy, Ilan

2013-05-01

87

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system  

PubMed Central

Background Although the adoption of health information technology (HIT) has advanced in Canada over the past decade, considerable challenges remain in supporting the development, broad adoption, and effective use of HIT in the public health system. Policy makers and practitioners have long recognized that improvements in HIT infrastructure are necessary to support effective and efficient public health practice. The objective of this study was to identify aspects of health information technology (HIT) policy related to public health in Canada that have succeeded, to identify remaining challenges, and to suggest future directions to improve the adoption and use of HIT in the public health system. Methods A qualitative case study was performed with 24 key stakeholders representing national and provincial organizations responsible for establishing policy and strategic direction for health information technology. Results Identified benefits of HIT in public health included improved communication among jurisdictions, increased awareness of the need for interoperable systems, and improvement in data standardization. Identified barriers included a lack of national vision and leadership, insufficient investment, and poor conceptualization of the priority areas for implementing HIT in public health. Conclusions The application of HIT in public health should focus on automating core processes and identifying innovative applications of HIT to advance public health outcomes. The Public Health Agency of Canada should develop the expertise to lead public health HIT policy and should establish a mechanism for coordinating public health stakeholder input on HIT policy. PMID:23705692

2013-01-01

88

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

89

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation  

E-print Network

Health Information Systems for Primary Health Care: Thinking About Participation Elaine Byrne in supporting primary health care functioning, the design, development and implementation of these systems care, especially in the context of developing countries, a very challenging task. An important step

Sahay, Sundeep

90

eHealth Literacy: Extending the Digital Divide to the Realm of Health Information  

PubMed Central

Background eHealth literacy is defined as the ability of people to use emerging information and communications technologies to improve or enable health and health care. Objective The goal of this study was to explore whether literacy disparities are diminished or enhanced in the search for health information on the Internet. The study focused on (1) traditional digital divide variables, such as sociodemographic characteristics, digital access, and digital literacy, (2) information search processes, and (3) the outcomes of Internet use for health information purposes. Methods We used a countrywide representative random-digital-dial telephone household survey of the Israeli adult population (18 years and older, N = 4286). We measured eHealth literacy; Internet access; digital literacy; sociodemographic factors; perceived health; presence of chronic diseases; as well as health information sources, content, search strategies, and evaluation criteria used by consumers. Results Respondents who were highly eHealth literate tended to be younger and more educated than their less eHealth-literate counterparts. They were also more active consumers of all types of information on the Internet, used more search strategies, and scrutinized information more carefully than did the less eHealth-literate respondents. Finally, respondents who were highly eHealth literate gained more positive outcomes from the information search in terms of cognitive, instrumental (self-management of health care needs, health behaviors, and better use of health insurance), and interpersonal (interacting with their physician) gains. Conclusions The present study documented differences between respondents high and low in eHealth literacy in terms of background attributes, information consumption, and outcomes of the information search. The association of eHealth literacy with background attributes indicates that the Internet reinforces existing social differences. The more comprehensive and sophisticated use of the Internet and the subsequent increased gains among the high eHealth literate create new inequalities in the domain of digital health information. There is a need to educate at-risk and needy groups (eg, chronically ill) and to design technology in a mode befitting more consumers. PMID:22357448

Brainin, Esther

2012-01-01

91

Health Providers’ Perceptions of Novel Approaches to Visualizing Integrated Health Information  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives We evaluated the design of three novel visualization techniques for integrated health information with health care providers in older adult care. Through focus groups, we identified generalizable themes related to the visualization and interpretation of health information. Using these themes we address challenges with visualizing integrated health information and provide recommendations for designers. Methods We recruited ten health care providers to participate in three focus groups. We applied a qualitative descriptive approach to code and extract themes related to the visualization of graphical displays. Results We identified a set of four common themes across focus groups related to: 1) Trust in data for decision-making; 2) Perceived level of detail for visualization (subthemes: holistic, individual components); 3) Cognitive issues (subthemes: training and experience; cognitive overload; contrast); and 4) Application of visual displays. Furthermore, recommendations are provided as part of the iterative design process for the visualizations. Conclusions Data visualization of health information is an important component of care, impacting both the accuracy and speed of decision making. There are both functional and cognitive elements to consider during the development of appropriate visualizations that integrate different components of health. PMID:23450366

Le, T.; Reeder, B.; Thompson, H.; Demiris, G.

2014-01-01

92

HealthShare: Achieving secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing through health social networks  

E-print Network

HealthShare: Achieving secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing through health-oriented authentication and transmission schemes for secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing in health. Through security analysis, we show that the proposed schemes can effectively resist various attacks

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

93

Should public health interventions aimed at reducing childhood overweight and obesity be gender-focused?  

PubMed Central

Background Overweight in childhood is a major public health concern that calls for immediate preventative action. An increasing number of reports suggest that gender specific approaches to prevention may be more effective. However, there is a paucity of information to guide gender-sensitive health promotion and population health interventions for the prevention of overweight in childhood. In the present study, we sought to determine gender-differentials in overweight and underlying behaviors, nutrition and physical activity, among pre-adolescents in Alberta, Canada, to inform the discussion on gender-focused interventions for chronic disease prevention. Methods In 2008, we surveyed 3421 grade five students and their parents of 148 randomly selected schools. Students completed the Harvard food frequency questionnaire, questions on physical activities, and had their height and weight measured. Parents completed questions on socio-economic background and child's lifestyle. We applied multilevel regression methods to assess gender differentials in overweight, nutrition and physical activity. Results Overall, the prevalence of overweight was slightly higher among boys (29.1%) than girls (27.9%) with more pronounced differences in towns and urban geographies. Boys reported to be much more physically active relative to girls (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.73-2.60). Diets of boys, relative to those of girls, reportedly constituted more fat and were less likely to meet the recommendation of 6 daily servings of vegetables and fruits (OR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.71-0.93). Conclusion Our findings confirm the existence of gender differences in physical activity and nutrition, and support gender-focused health promotion whereby priority is given to physical activity among girls and to healthy eating among boys. PMID:20546619

2010-01-01

94

Medical Scientist Training Program Summary of Application Procedures For applicants interested in the MD/PhD Program with a focus in Public and Community Health,  

E-print Network

in the MD/PhD Program with a focus in Public and Community Health, information can be found aboutD in Public and Community Health Program. In summary, an applicant to the MD/PhD in Public and Community and Community Health application requirements: 1. An online AMCAS application, www.aamc.org ­ deadline

95

Information, decision-making and health  

E-print Network

This thesis consists of three essays on information, decision-making and health. All three concern the relationship between the choices consumers would make if they were "fully informed" in an appropriate sense and the ...

Abaluck, Jason T

2011-01-01

96

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians  

MedlinePLUS

... discrepancies with other professionals such as physicians and insurance personnel. Quick Facts: Medical Records and Health Information ... systems to code and categorize patient information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to ...

97

Using Usability Evaluation to Inform Alberta's Personal Health Record Design.  

PubMed

Alberta Health is deploying the Personal Health Portal (PHP) (MyHealth.Alberta.ca) to all people in the province of Alberta, Canada. The PHP will include several components such as a Personal Health Record (PHR) where users can enter and access their own health data. For the first PHR of its kind in Canada, Alberta Health asked the University of Victoria's eHealth Observatory to evaluate the PHP, including the PHR. The evaluation includes pre-design, design, and adoption evaluation. This paper focuses on early usability evaluations of the PHR software. Persona-based usability inspection was combined with usability testing sessions using think aloud. These evaluations found that while people were familiar with the web-based technology, several aspects of the PHR information architecture, content, and presentation could be improved to better support and provide value to the users. The findings could be helpful to others designing and implementing similar PHR software. PMID:25676994

Price, Morgan; Bellwood, Paule; Davies, Iryna

2015-01-01

98

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

99

Management of Communication Channels for Health Information in the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Object: To investigate channels for communication of health information to various groups in the community. Design: An exploratory cross sectional design was used, followed by focus groups of selected participants to confirm and clarify the findings. Setting: Five levels of sub-district administration organizations were selected from different…

Tanvatanakul, Vasuton; Amado, Joao; Saowakontha, Sastri

2007-01-01

100

Empowering Minority Communities with Health Information - WSSU  

SciTech Connect

Environmental health focus with training conducted as part of the United Negro College Fund Special Programs Corporation/National Library of Medicine HBCU ACCESS Project at Winston-Salem State University, NC on November 10, 2010.

McMurray, L. and W. Templin-Branner

2010-11-10

101

Strategies of suicide prevention: Focus on health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide is a major health problem, showing an increasing tendency in many developed countries. In this synthetic review, having briefly described the possible risk factors of suicide, those recent strategies that have been proved to be effective methods of reducing the suicide rate are summarised. Psychiatric illness, first of all the affective disorders (particularly in the case of a previous

Zoltán Rihmer

1996-01-01

102

Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty at University of Wisconsin-Madison held a welfare reform conference in March 1997. Both the summary and full proceedings of the conference are available. Note that the summary is available in Focus. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was passed on August 22, 1996. The Act "changed the nation's welfare system into one that requires work in exchange for time-limited assistance."

103

Home Health and Informal Care Utilization  

E-print Network

and Sano also are supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Address correspondence to: Carolyn W. Zhu, PhD, Health Economist, GeriatricHome Health and Informal Care Utilization and Costs Over Time in Alzheimer's Disease Carolyn W. Zhu

104

Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session  

E-print Network

Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session January 2013 Human Resource Services) are different medical plans Before February 1, 2013 Health Alliance HMO did not service DeKalb County Human) ­ Managed Care BlueAdvantage HMO (CI) Coventry HMO (AS) Health Alliance HMO (AH) HMO Illinois (BY) Human

Karonis, Nicholas T.

105

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

106

Data Mining in Health and Medical Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to data mining (DM) in health and medical information: the potential of DM in health and medicine; statistical methods; evaluation of methods; DM tools for health and medicine; inductive learning of symbolic rules; application of DM tools in diagnosis and prognosis; and…

Bath, Peter A.

2004-01-01

107

Information Seeking and Avoiding in Health Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information management is an important component of coping with illness and illness-re- lated uncertainty. Normative theory and research on information seeking and avoiding in health contexts can help explain why some information management activities are more adap- tive than others. Challenges and dilemmas of information management include relational demands (e.g., the need to coordinate the behaviors and goals of the

Dale E. Brashers; Daena J. Goldsmith; Elaine Hsieh

2002-01-01

108

Towards Open Information Management in Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilization of information technology as tool in health care is increasing. The main benefits stem from the fact that information in electronic form can be transferred to different locations rapidly and from the possibility to auto- mate certain information management tasks. The current technological approach for this automation relies on structured, formally coded representation of information. We discuss the

J. Yli-Hietanen; S. Niiranen

2008-01-01

109

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking  

E-print Network

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 Emilie Renahy 1 Abstract Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

Exploring Older Adults' Health Information Seeking Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore older adults' (55-70 years) health information-seeking behaviors. Methods: Using a qualitative methodology, based on grounded theory, data were collected using in-depth interviews. Participants were community-living, older adults in Toronto, Canada who independently seek nutrition and health information. Interview transcripts…

Manafo, Elizabeth; Wong, Sharon

2012-01-01

111

Health at the center of health systems reform: how philosophy can inform policy.  

PubMed

Contemporary views hold that health and disease can be defined as objective states and thus should determine the design and delivery of health services. Yet health concepts are elusive and contestable. Health is neither an individual construction, a reflection of societal expectations, nor only the absence of pathologies. Based on philosophical and sociological theory, empirical evidence, and clinical experience, we argue that health has simultaneously objective and subjective features that converge into a dynamic complex-adaptive health model. Health (or its dysfunction, illness) is a dynamic state representing complex patterns of adaptation to body, mind, social, and environmental challenges, resulting in bodily homeostasis and personal internal coherence. The "balance of health" model-emergent, self-organizing, dynamic, and adaptive-underpins the very essence of medicine. This model should be the foundation for health systems design and also should inform therapeutic approaches, policy decision-making, and the development of emerging health service models. A complex adaptive health system focused on achieving the best possible "personal" health outcomes must provide the broad policy frameworks and resources required to implement people-centered health care. People-centered health systems are emergent in nature, resulting in locally different but mutually compatible solutions across the whole health system. PMID:20639604

Sturmberg, Joachim P; Martin, Carmel M; Moes, Mark M

2010-01-01

112

Health care disparities in cardiovascular disease: A focus on gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heart disease remains the number one killer of women; stroke is number three.1 Despite significantadvances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), women remain at risk—in black and Hispanic women, that risk is disproportionately higher than in white women.Awareness of disparities in health care has been stimulated in part by two sweeping reports. The first, “Unequal Treatment: Confronting

Sharon A. Henry

2005-01-01

113

The "compact impact" in Hawaii: focus on health care.  

PubMed

The political, economic, and military relationship between the former Pacific Trust Territories of the United States is defined by the Compact of Free Association (COFA) treaty. The respective COFA treaties allow the United States military and strategic oversight for these countries, while COFA citizens can work, reside, and travel with unlimited lengths of stay in the United States. The unforeseen consequences of the diaspora of the people of the COFA nations to the United States and its territories is called the "Compact Impact." In 2007 the social, health, and welfare system costs attributed to the estimated 13,000 COFA migrants in Hawaii was $90 million. The US federal government does not take full responsibility for the adverse economic consequences to Hawaii due to COFA implementation. The lack of health and education infrastructure in the COFA nations, as well as the unique language, culture, political, and economic development of the region have contributed to the adverse elements of the Compact Impact. The Department of Human Services of Hawaii, once supportive of the COFA peoples, now looks to withdraw state sponsored health care support. This paper reviews the historical, political, and economic development, which surrounds the Compact Impact and describes Hawaii's government and community response. This paper attempts to understand, describe, and search for solutions that will mitigate the Compact Impact. PMID:20539994

Riklon, Sheldon; Alik, Wilfred; Hixon, Allen; Palafox, Neal A

2010-06-01

114

Assessing Child Mental Health Services in New York: A Report on Three Focus Groups, Winter 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law investigated the impact of expanding child mental health services in Medicaid on the actual availability of services to children. To assess family satisfaction, focus groups were held in two states: Oregon and New York. Both states have a comprehensive Medicaid mental health benefit for children…

Koyanagi, Chris; Semansky, Rafael

115

Status of Oregon's Children: 1998 County Data Book. Special Focus: Children's Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Oregon's children, focusing on children's health care. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of well-being including: (1) children's insurance coverage; (2) health care access; (3) health outcomes, including immunization rates and early prenatal care; (4) juvenile…

Children First for Oregon, Portland.

116

Health care, information needs, and outreach: reaching Ohio's rural citizens  

PubMed Central

As a rural state, Ohio has a vital interest in addressing rural health and information needs. NetWellness is a Web-based consumer health information service that focuses on the needs of the residents of Ohio. Health sciences faculty from the state's three Carnegie Research I universities—University of Cincinnati, Case Western Reserve University, and The Ohio State University—create and evaluate content and provide Ask an Expert service to all visitors. Through partnerships at the state and local levels, involving public, private, commercial, and noncommercial organizations, NetWellness has grown from a regional demonstration project in 1995 to a key statewide service. Collaboration with public libraries, complemented by alliances with kindergarten through twelfth grade agencies, makes NetWellness Ohio's essential health information resource. PMID:11055306

Guard, Roger; Fredericka, Theresa M.; Kroll, Susan; Marine, Stephen; Roddy, Carol; Steiner, Tim; Wentz, Susan

2000-01-01

117

Therapist, Parent, and Youth Perspectives of Treatment Barriers to Family-Focused Community Outpatient Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

This exploratory qualitative study describes treatment barriers to receiving family-focused child mental health services for youths with disruptive behavior problems from multiple perspectives. Data were collected during a series of focus groups and interviews, including: 4 therapist focus groups, 3 parent focus groups, and 10 youth semi-structured interviews. Therapist, parent, and youth stakeholder participants discussed perceived barriers to effective treatment, the problems with current child outpatient therapy, and desired changes (i.e., policy, intervention, etc.) to improve mental health services. Results indicate similar themes around treatment barriers and dissatisfaction with services within and across multiple stakeholder groups, including inadequate support and lack of family involvement; however, parents and therapists, in particular, identified different contributing factors to these barriers. Overall, stakeholders reported much frustration and dissatisfaction with current community-based outpatient child therapy services. Study findings can inform service provision, intervention development, and future research. PMID:24019737

Jenkins, Melissa M.; Haine-Schlagel, Rachel

2012-01-01

118

[Health information on nutrition in newspaper articles].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to review health information on nutrition in Japanese newspaper articles. The Nikkei Database was used to select articles published in five major newspapers: Asahi, Sankei, Nikkei, Mainichi and Yomiuri. All these dailies have nationwide circulation. The search period was for 7 years, from January 1993 to December 1999. The keywords "diet," "health," and "nutrition" were used. Consequently, 182 articles were selected and analyzed by determining content and coverage. The articles were published to be targeted for the general population: 123 (67.6%), schoolchildren: 21 (11.5%), and elderly: 18 (9.9%). The main source of the newspaper articles on diet was health professionals, such as nutritionists and medical doctors. As diet related health problems, the lifestyle-related diseases, obesity, hypertension, and mental health were introduced in the newspapers. Few articles commented on the relationship between oral health and diet, and dental professionals were not much involved in providing health information on diet. The newspaper is a major source for the general public to obtain health information. It is clear that oral diseases and functional disorder influence daily eating habits. It was suggested that dental professionals should provide such information to the general public, using many occasions, such as conducting health guidance at dental clinics, health education at health centers or schools, and also through mass media. PMID:12400175

Shinada, Kayoko; Ariake, Motoko; Abe, Satoshi; Kawaguchi, Yoko

2002-09-01

119

Involvement, competencies, gender and food health information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the role of gender, food health involvement, and food health information competency in predicting consumer food health information seeking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual model for predicting consumer food health information seeking is proposed. The predicting constructs are general food health involvement, general food health competency, product-specific health involvement, and

Torben Hansen; Heidi Boye; Thyra Uth Thomsen

2010-01-01

120

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis 3 Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial Accounting ACCT 206 Introduction to Managerial Accounting HLTHST 330 Health Information Management I with lab

Barrash, Warren

121

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2014-2015  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis 3 Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial Accounting ACCT 206 Introduction to Managerial Accounting HLTHST 330 Health Information Management I with lab

Barrash, Warren

122

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis, 2012-2013  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Health Science Studies, Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis Health Informatics and Information Management Emphasis ACCT 205 Introduction to Financial Accounting ACCT 206 Introduction to Managerial Accounting HLTHST 330 Health Information Management I with lab HLTHST

Barrash, Warren

123

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed to provide women with authoritative and timely knowledge of a host of womens health issues, the National Womens Health Information Center site (sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services) offers a reliable and thorough overview of hundreds of topics and current news briefs. Health topics on the site (which range from abstinence to yellow fever) are alphabetically listed or can also be located by entering keywords. Visitors to the site can also sign up here to receive weekly health tips via email. Along with featuring information on health topics, other issues affecting women are well-represented here, including domestic violence awareness and body image. Also helpful is the fact that the site is also available in Spanish, which will be useful to Spanish-speaking persons and health professionals working with Spanish speakers.

124

Environmental tobacco smoke: health policy and focus on Italian legislation.  

PubMed

Worldwide tobacco smoking kills nearly 6 million people each year, including more than 600,000 non-smokers who die from smoke exposure. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS, also called secondhand smoke, involuntary smoke, or passive smoke) is the combination of sidestream smoke, the smoke given off by a burning tobacco product and mainstream smoke, the smoke exhaled by smokers. People may be exposed to ETS in homes, cars, workplaces, and public places, such as bars, restaurants, and recreational settings. In addition, there is another type of smoke which until now has not been recognized: the so-called thirdhand smoke, that comes from the reaction of mainstream smoke and environmental nitrous acid (HNO2) making carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs). The effects of ETS on human health are well-known, passive smoking is harmful to those who breathe the toxins and it is a serious problem for public health. The smoking ban in Italy had reduced ETS pollution, as in the United States and in other countries all over the world. However, the implementation of comprehensive legislation on smoking policy will necessitate other tobacco control measures for its successful fulfillment: increased media awareness, telephone smoking cessation helplines and smoking cessation support services could be an opportunity to ensure awareness, comprehension and support to those who want to quit smoking. The effectiveness of legislative efforts will also depend on successful enforcement of smoking bans and compliance with the legislation. This review summarizes the evidences about the effect of ETS and provides an overview of smoke-free laws and policies. PMID:24217845

Giraldi, G; Fovi De Ruggiero, G; Marsella, L T; De Luca d'Alessandro, E

2013-01-01

125

The Mobile School Health Information Initiative: Creating and Sustaining a Free Curriculum for P-12 Staff to Find Credible Health Information  

PubMed Central

Three health sciences librarians created a curriculum to connect pre-school – grade 12 (P-12) personnel with credible health information. The course focuses on MedlinePlus® and KidsHealth.org®. They obtained external funding to deliver a revised curriculum for free throughout the metropolitan area. The funded portion of the project reached 93 people at 8 sites. Efforts to sustain the program beyond its funded cycle have reached another 33 people. Evaluations indicate the curriculum successfully equips staff to be health information champions within their schools. Participants report increased confidence locating credible health information. Written comments indicate both short-term gains and sustained use of the knowledge. PMID:23243394

Olmstadt, William; Hansen, Judy; Engeszer, Robert J.

2012-01-01

126

Corporate information systems in health organisations.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of the nature of corporate information systems and their applications in health organisations. It emphasises the importance of financial and human resource information in the creation of a corporate data model. The paper summarises the main features of finance and human resource systems as they are used in health organisations. It looks at a series of case studies carried out in health organisations, which were selected on the basis of their representation of different aspects of service delivery. It also discusses the theoretical and practical perspectives of the systems themselves, their roles in information management, executive and decision support, and in planning and forecasting. PMID:10173702

Smith, J

1997-01-01

127

Project Summary for: Integrating and Mapping Community Health Assessment Information  

E-print Network

Project Summary for: Integrating and Mapping Community Health Assessment Information Grant Duration health information from a variety of data sources to support community health improvement planning in Wisconsin. Partners prioritized and developed these "Maps for CHIPPs" (Community Health Improvement

128

Patients’ Attitudes Toward Electronic Health Information Exchange: Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background In many countries, there has been substantial progress in establishing the electronic transmission of patients’ health information between health care providers, but little is known about how best to engage patients in the process. Objective We explored patients’ views about sharing of electronic health information and their preferences for learning about and participating in this process. Methods Patients in one Massachusetts community in the northeastern United States were recruited to participate in focus-group discussions. Prior to discussion, participants completed a written questionnaire that captured their reactions to draft educational materials and a consent form. The discussion moderator and two physicians analyzed the moderator’s detailed notes from each session and participants’ written comments, using an immersion-crystallization approach. Results Three dominant themes emerged: (1) concerns about privacy and security, (2) the potential benefit to a person’s health, and (3) the desire for more information about the consent process. On the pre-discussion questionnaire, 55 out of 62 participants (88%) indicated that they would provide consent for their information to be shared electronically among their health care providers, given the materials they had reviewed. Conclusions Patients are enthusiastic about electronic health information exchange, recognizing its capacity to improve the quality and safety of health care; however, they are also concerned about its potential to result in breached privacy and misuse of health data. As the exchange of electronic health information becomes more widespread, policy makers will need to ensure that patients have access to concise educational materials and opportunities to engage in conversations about the risks and benefits of participation. PMID:19674960

Evans, J Stewart; Benjamin, Alison; Delano, David; Bates, David W

2009-01-01

129

Reinventing Veterans Health Administration: focus on primary care.  

PubMed

Can we improve access in primary care without compromising the quality of care? The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how timely access to primary care can be achieved without compromising the quality of the care being delivered. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is an integrated healthcare system that has implemented change to improve primary care access to the veterans it serves, while not only maintaining but also actually improving the quality of care. Many healthcare executives are struggling with achieving desirable access to care and continuity of care. To confront this problem, many large and small practices have initiated an approach known as advanced clinic access, open access, or same-day scheduling, introduced by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). This approach has increasingly been used to reduce waits and delays in primary care without adding resources. To measure quality of care, specific performance measures were developed to quantify the effectiveness of primary care in VHA. Although it was initially viewed with concern and suspicion and was seen as a symptom of unnecessary micromanagement, healthcare team members were encouraged to use performance feedback as an opportunity for systems improvement as well as self-assessment and performance improvement for the team. All quality data are posted quarterly on VHA's internal web site, providing visible accountability at all levels of the organization. Clinical workflow redesign leads to reduced wait times without compromising quality of care. These large system improvements are applicable to large and small organizations looking to tackle change through the use of a collaborative model. PMID:16370126

Armstrong, Brent; Levesque, Odette; Perlin, Jonathan B; Rick, Cathy; Schectman, Gordon

2005-01-01

130

Employers and Health Information in the Workplace  

MedlinePLUS

... protected health information to an employer, including your manager or supervisor. Employment Records The Privacy Rule does ... of an employer, including the actions of a manager in your workplace. If you work for a ...

131

Health Information in Farsi (?????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Farsi (?????) C Childhood Immunization Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib) Vaccine - English (Farsi) ????? PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for Disease ...

132

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

133

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

134

Do HealthCare Decision Makers Find Economic Evaluations Useful? The Findings of Focus Group Research in UK Health Authorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe impact of economic evaluation studies on health-care decision makers has been shown to be rather limited. However, there is an increasing requirement for the cost-effectiveness of health-care interventions to be considered in formulating and implementing guidelines for clinical practice. This paper reports the findings of recent focus group research among UK health authorities, which examined the usefulness of published

Christiane Hoffmann; Boyka A. Stoykova; John Nixon; Julie M. Glanville; Kate Misso; Michael F. Drummond

2002-01-01

135

Consumer Health Information Seeking as Hypothesis Testing  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite the proliferation of consumer health sites, lay individuals often experience difficulty finding health information online. The present study attempts to understand users' information seeking difficulties by drawing on a hypothesis testing explanatory framework. It also addresses the role of user competencies and their interaction with internet resources. Design Twenty participants were interviewed about their understanding of a hypothetical scenario about a family member suffering from stable angina and then searched MedlinePlus® consumer health information portal for information on the problem presented in the scenario. Participants' understanding of heart disease was analyzed via semantic analysis. Thematic coding was used to describe information seeking trajectories in terms of three key strategies: verification of the primary hypothesis, narrowing search within the general hypothesis area and bottom-up search. Results Compared to an expert model, participants' understanding of heart disease involved different key concepts, which were also differently grouped and defined. This understanding provided the framework for search-guiding hypotheses and results interpretation. Incorrect or imprecise domain knowledge led individuals to search for information on irrelevant sites, often seeking out data to confirm their incorrect initial hypotheses. Online search skills enhanced search efficiency, but did not eliminate these difficulties. Conclusions Regardless of their web experience and general search skills, lay individuals may experience difficulty with health information searches. These difficulties may be related to formulating and evaluating hypotheses that are rooted in their domain knowledge. Informatics can provide support at the levels of health information portals, individual websites, and consumer education tools. PMID:18436912

Keselman, Alla; Browne, Allen C.; Kaufman, David R.

2008-01-01

136

Lactose Intolerance: Information for Health Care Providers  

E-print Network

Lactose Intolerance: Information for Health Care are at or above their adequate intake of calcium.1 And adolescents who may be lactose intolerant are even less of their adult bone mass is established. As a health care provider, you can help your patients get the calcium

Rau, Don C.

137

A community-based participatory health information needs assessment to help eliminate diabetes information disparities.  

PubMed

This article describes the participatory research process, results, action plan, and implications of the community health information needs assessment conducted within the African American community in two South Carolina counties. The REACH 2010: Charleston and Georgetown Diabetes Coalition library program is a partnership among community organizations, public and health sciences libraries, and lay community health advisors. A planning committee studied digital divide issues related to health information, designed and implemented a survey, held focus groups, analyzed data, identified needs and assets, and formulated an action plan to increase the dissemination of diabetes information. Key survey findings show that older (older than 60) and less educated (fewer than 12 years of education) African Americans in Charleston and Georgetown counties lack skills to access Internet and library services and suffer disparities in health information. Based on assessment evidence, the community plans to increase Internet access points and provide a train-the-trainer program to teach people skills for using Internet and library resources to get high-quality information about diabetes and its complications. This process taps community resources, builds local capacities and technical skills, educates about health, and empowers participants as active partners in their own health and their community's health. PMID:16760247

Carlson, Barbara A; Neal, Diane; Magwood, Gayenell; Jenkins, Carolyn; King, Marilyn Givens; Hossler, Charles L

2006-07-01

138

Effectively Addressing Mental Health Issues in Permanency-Focused Child Welfare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and families built by adoption or relative caregiving have specialized needs. This paper proposes a rubric for the central elements of permanency-focused mental health services in child welfare practice. Kinship Center provides an innovative mental health service delivery system, weaving foster and adoptive placement programs, adoption…

Ornelas, Laura A.; Silverstein, Deborah N.; Tan, Sherylle

2007-01-01

139

A Health Collaborative Network Focus on Self-care Processes in Personal Assistant Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public health is oriented to the management of an adequate health atmosphere which acts directly on health, as well as health education work and the supervision of environmental health threats. The work presented in this paper aims to reduce inequality, and give disabled people the tools to be integrated more effectively, reducing social exclusion, removing obstacles and barriers, and facilitating mobility and the use of technology. The work is planned to design a special healthcare collaborative network as the best solution for addressing the needs of the disabled self-care and health care community through the creation and implementation of an interconnected, electronic information infrastructure and adoption of open data standards.

de La Fuente, Ma Victoria; Ros, Lorenzo

140

Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors  

E-print Network

of health information. They will use a variety of tools in order to provide the best methods to promote health literacy. This means that future health educators will be involved with electronic resources including e-health, the Internet, and assorted... facilitating healthcare, as well as encompassing concepts such as health, technology, and commerce (Pagliari et al., 2005; Oh, Rizzo, Enkin, & Jadad, 2005). Electronic resources increasingly play a role in consumer health with the Internet as the primary...

Hanik, Bruce Walter

2012-07-16

141

Promoting sexual health services to young men: findings from focus group discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextRecently, increasing interest has been shown in men's reproductive health, sexual behaviour and use of contraception. As the majority of sexual health service clients are female, however, little research has been done on the characteristics and needs of male clients.ObjectiveUsing data from focus group discussions, this paper considers whether young men need sexual health services, whether current services are appropriate

Steve Pearson

2003-01-01

142

NIHSeniorHealth Health Information for Older Adults  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Library of Medicine recently launched NIHSeniorHealth.gov, a website developed from NIA research on older adults, cognitive aging, and computer usage. This easy-to-use website "makes aging-related health information easily accessible for adults 60 and older" and serves as "a useful tool for family members and friends who are seeking online health information for their older relatives." Topics covered include Alzheimer's disease, arthritis, exercising for older adults, and more. The website offers several options for enhancing usability, including a virtual voice that reads all text aloud. Visitors may also watch video clips (captions available), take short quizzes, or follow links to MEDLINEplus websites for more detailed information.

143

Medical College of Wisconsin: Consumer Health Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Healthlink is a free, noncommercial health information service from the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW). One quite useful section of the website allows visitors to locate health-related articles by topic. Titled Browse By Topic, this alphabetized section offers a wide variety of categories to choose from such as Arthritis, Endocrine System, Preventative Medicine, and Women's Health, to name just a few. Each topical page presents the latest articles dealing with that subject and also allows visitors to view archived articles listed alphabetically or by date. Healthlink also provides articles written by MCW columnists, as well as reflective essays by MCW health professionals. Additional offerings include articles regarding health care information for consumers, and a free email newsletter from MCW.

144

INFORMAL CARE AND CAREGIVER’S HEALTH  

PubMed Central

This study aims to measure the causal effect of informal caregiving on the health and health care use of women who are caregivers, using instrumental variables. We use data from South Korea, where daughters and daughters-in-law are the prevalent source of caregivers for frail elderly parents and parents-in-law. A key insight of our instrumental variable approach is that having a parent-in-law with functional limitations increases the probability of providing informal care to that parent-in-law, but a parent-in-law’s functional limitation does not directly affect the daughter-in-law’s health. We compare results for the daughter-in-law and daughter samples to check the assumption of the excludability of the instruments for the daughter sample. Our results show that providing informal care has significant adverse effects along multiple dimensions of health for daughter-in-law and daughter caregivers in South Korea. PMID:24753386

DO, YOUNG KYUNG; NORTON, EDWARD C.; STEARNS, SALLY C.; VAN HOUTVEN, COURTNEY HAROLD

2014-01-01

145

Panel: Trends in Health Care Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The panel presents significant trends in demographic and economic forces that are driving healthcare delivery systems, how health care providers are responding to these driving forces, and how information systems are being developed using new technology to help health care providers and consumers. An aging population and rapidly increasing government and business health care expenditures are forcing hospitals and other health care providers to consolidate, compete, become more efficient, and diversify and market their services. Emerging computer technology will facilitate the development of information systems that utilize integrated data bases, communication networks, appropriate input/output devices, and cost effective computing power to provide the financial, management, and medical information required by these evolving provider systems.

Grams, Stanley; Dvorak, Robert M.; Pryor, T. Allan; Childs, Bill W.

1984-01-01

146

The National Women's Health Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Women's Health Information Center (NWHIC) is a service of the Office of Women's Health, which was originally established in 1991. Without a doubt, this fine site will be of great interest to health care professionals, educators, and a wide segment of society. Their homepage offers a wide array of helpful resources, divided into topics such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, funding opportunities, and a set of health tools. The health tools area is particularly useful as it offers such resources as ovulation calculator, a BMI calculator, and a heart disease risk test. Visitors to the homepage will also want to look through the day's health news, search their event calendar, and access the most recently updated sections. Finally, a number of these resources are available in Spanish.

147

Empowering Minority Communities with Health Information - UDC  

SciTech Connect

Training update with Environmental a health focus. Training conducted as part of the United Negro College Fund Special Programs Corporation/National Library of Medicine - HBCU ACCESS Project at the University of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC on November 2, 2010.

McMurray, L.; R. Foster; and R. Womble

2010-11-02

148

Information, Advertising and Health Choices: A Study of the Cereal Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effects of information on consumer and producer behavior by focusing on the ready-to-eat cereal market during a period in which information developed about the health benefits of fiber cereal consumption. Although cereal producers were initially prohibited from advertising these health benefits, the regulatory ban against producer advertising was lifted during the period we study. Our results

Pauline M. Ippolito; Alan D. Mathios

1990-01-01

149

Function Model for Community Health Service Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to construct a function model of community health service (CHS) information for development of CHS information management system, Integration Definition for Function Modeling (IDEF0), an IEEE standard which is extended from Structured Analysis and Design(SADT) and now is a widely used function modeling method, was used to classifying its information from top to bottom. The contents of every level of the model were described and coded. Then function model for CHS information, which includes 4 super-classes, 15 classes and 28 sub-classed of business function, 43 business processes and 168 business activities, was established. This model can facilitate information management system development and workflow refinement.

Yang, Peng; Pan, Feng; Liu, Danhong; Xu, Yongyong

150

Focused, unfocused, and defocused information in working memory.  

PubMed

The study investigated the effect of selection cues in working memory (WM) on the fate of not-selected contents of WM. Experiments 1A and 1B showed that focusing on 1 cued item in WM does not impair memory for the remaining items. The nonfocused items are maintained in WM even when this is not required by the task. Experiments 2 and 3 showed that items that were once focused in WM remain strengthened after the focus shifts away from them. When defocused items are presented as mismatching recognition probes, they are rejected better than other mismatching probes (Experiments 2 and 3). When a defocused item was later cued again, such that the focus had to shift back to it, that item was recognized better than an item cued for the first time (Experiment 3). The results support the distinction between mechanisms for temporary maintenance and the focus of attention in WM, and they challenge theories that explain maintenance and focusing by the same mechanisms, such as a limited number of slots or a limited resource. PMID:23421511

Rerko, Laura; Oberauer, Klaus

2013-07-01

151

Review Of Internet Health Information Quality Initiatives  

PubMed Central

Background The massive growth of health information on the Internet; the global nature of the Internet; the seismic shift taking place in the relationships of various actors in this arena, and the absence of real protection from harm for citizens who use the Internet for health purposes are seen to be real problems. One response to many of these problems has been the burgeoning output of codes of conduct by numerous organizations trying to address quality of health information. Objectives Review the major self-regulatory initiatives in the English-speaking world to develop quality and ethical standards for health information on the Internet. Compare and analyze the approaches taken by the different initiatives. Clarify the issues around the development and enforcement of standards. Methods Quality initiatives selected meet one or more of the following criteria: Self-regulatory. A reasonable constituency. Diversity (eg, of philosophy, approach and process)-to achieve balance and wide representation, and to illustrate and compare different approaches. Historic value. A wider reach than a national audience, except when its reach is a significant sector of the Internet health information industry. The initiatives were compared in 3 ways: (1) Analysis and comparison of: key concepts, mechanism, or approach. Analysis of: the obligations that a provider has to meet to comply with the given initiative, the intended beneficiaries of that initiative, and the burdens imposed on different actors. These burdens are described in terms of their effect on the long-term sustainability and maintenance of the initiative by its developers. Analysis of the enforcement mechanisms. (2) Analysis and comparison by type of sponsoring organization, the reach of the initiative, and the sources of funding of the initiative or the sponsoring organization. (3) How the various initiatives fall under 1 of 3 key mechanisms and comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of these key mechanisms. Results The issues that affect the initiatives and future work on the quality of health information on the Internet are identified and analyzed. These issues are: (a) Three key mechanisms used in the quality initiatives (b) Sustainability issues that affect the initiatives: Burdens placed on health information providers, citizens and others. Currency and maintenance issues of the initiatives. Funding. Cost. Acceptance. Market conditions. User indifference or ambivalence. (c) Enforcement issues surrounding the initiatives (d) Adequacy of approach, scope, reach, and enforcement provisions of the various quality initiatives (e) Gaps that need to be addressed to achieve good quality of health information on the internet Conclusions Ten conclusions are presented. A framework of action to be undertaken by the World Health Organization in the field of quality of health information on the Internet is recommended. PMID:11772543

Dzenowagis, Joan

2001-01-01

152

Using animation as an information tool to advance health research literacy among minority participants.  

PubMed

Lack of adequate consumer health information about clinical research contributes to health disparities among low health literate minority multicultural populations and requires appropriate methods for making information accessible. Enhancing understanding of health research can enable such minority multicultural consumers to make informed, active decisions about their own health and research participation. This qualitative study examines the effectiveness and acceptability of an animated video to enhance what we call health research literacy among minority multicultural populations. A team analyzed the transcripts of 58 focus groups of African Americans, Latinos, Native Hawaiians, and Filipinos in Los Angeles/Hawaii. Participants were accepting of animation and the video's cultural appropriateness. Communicating information about health research via animation improved participants' ability to identify personal information-gaps, engage in meaningful community-level dialogue, and ask questions about health research. PMID:24551351

George, Sheba; Moran, Erin; Duran, Nelida; Jenders, Robert A

2013-01-01

153

Using Animation as an Information Tool to Advance Health Research Literacy among Minority Participants  

PubMed Central

Lack of adequate consumer health information about clinical research contributes to health disparities among low health literate minority multicultural populations and requires appropriate methods for making information accessible. Enhancing understanding of health research can enable such minority multicultural consumers to make informed, active decisions about their own health and research participation. This qualitative study examines the effectiveness and acceptability of an animated video to enhance what we call health research literacy among minority multicultural populations. A team analyzed the transcripts of 58 focus groups of African Americans, Latinos, Native Hawaiians, and Filipinos in Los Angeles/Hawaii. Participants were accepting of animation and the video’s cultural appropriateness. Communicating information about health research via animation improved participants’ ability to identify personal information-gaps, engage in meaningful community-level dialogue, and ask questions about health research. PMID:24551351

George, Sheba; Moran, Erin; Duran, Nelida; Jenders, Robert A

2013-01-01

154

Health Information on the Web and Consumers’ Perspectives on Health Professionals’ Responses to Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Background Health information technology, which is sometimes referred to as informaticization of medicine, is changing the extent to which patients become competent producers of their own health by enabling them access to health information anytime and anywhere. Objective This research provides preliminary information on users' perceptions of the extent to which use of the Internet for health information impacts medical encounters. We specifically explored the following questions: (1) To what extent perceptions of positive or negative changes in medical encounters are associated with sociodemographic background of online health information seekers, and how often the Internet information is discussed with providers? (2) To what extent is there an association between perceived changes in medical encounters and frequency of referring to the Internet during medical encounters? (3) To what extent is there an association between sociodemographic background of online health information users and frequency of discussing of the Internet information with providers? Methods The data for this study was derived from a national sampling of online health and medical information users who participated in the Study of Health and Medical Information in Cyberspace—Survey of User Perceptions (N=710). This study used a nationally representative online research panel of the US adults maintained by the Knowledge Networks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square, and t tests were performed to examine the data. Results Although Internet sources allow people the opportunity to gather health or medical information, discussion of this information was not a very common activity. It is noteworthy that half of the sample never or rarely discussed health/medical information obtained from Internet sources with health professionals. Chi-square analyses revealed that discussion of online health information with providers were associated with education, income, and marital status. We also found that discussion of the Internet information mostly promotes better physician-patient interactions. Analyses with post-hoc tests identified that perceived changes in medical encounters were associated with age, education, and income. However, 9.1% (64/703) of our respondents strongly agreed that the interactions with their providers have been strained. T test analyses showed that marital status, race, and gender were not significant. Conclusions Embracing new technologies, and adapting to changing roles and relationships in delivery of medical care are critical to effective delivery of patient-centered care. Health professionals could also guide patients on how to evaluate information and where to access to reliable and accurate information. PMID:25075248

2014-01-01

155

Assessing your CHIN (community health information network) readiness.  

PubMed

Whether your health care organization is considering developing a CHIN, an enterprise network, or an integrated delivery system, the CHIN readiness assessment process is a valuable one. Bringing together the information technology staff, managed care and strategic planners, clinical staff, and executive management in a forum for open exchange of ideas and plans is, in itself, a critical activity. A formal assessment will provide your health care organization with a baseline measure of where you are today, and where you need to focus your efforts over the next months and years to achieve your organization's goals. PMID:10143324

Petry, J M; Chandler, M M

1995-01-01

156

The Effects of a Culturally Sensitive, Empowerment-Focused, Community-Based Health Promotion Program on Health Outcomes of Adults with Type 2 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study was to test the effects of a culturally sensitive, health empowerment focused, community-based health promotion program tailored for adult patients with type 2 diabetes on these patients’ Body Mass Index (BMI), blood pressure, and self-reported blood glucose levels, treatment adherence, and stress levels. Study participants (N = 130) consisted of mostly African Americans (70%) and Hispanic/Latinos (22.3%) who were divided almost evenly between an intervention group and waitlist control group. The tested health promotion program is informed by Health Self- Empowerment Theory. At post-test, program participants in the intervention group as compared to those in the control group demonstrated significantly lower levels of BMI, diastolic blood pressure, and physical stress. Implications of these study findings for future similar programs and research are discussed. PMID:24509027

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Lopez, Manuel Thomas; Campbell, Kendall; Marsiske, Michael; Daly, Kathryn; Nghiem, Khanh; Rahim-Williams, Bridgett; Jones, Jessica; Hariton, Eduardo; Patel, Avani

2013-01-01

157

Readability of online health information: implications for health literacy.  

PubMed

Accessibility is one of six quality criteria articulated by the European Commission in its code of conduct for health websites. Readability plays an integral part in determining a website's accessibility. Health information that is hard to read may remain inaccessible to people with low health literacy. This study aimed to calculate the readability of websites on various causes of disease. The names of 22 health conditions were entered into five search engines, and the readability of the first 10 results for each search were evaluated using Gunning FOG, SMOG, Flesch-Kincaid and Flesch Reading Ease tests (n=352). Readability was stratified and assessed by search term, search term complexity, top-level domain and paragraph position. The mean reading grade was 12.30, and the mean FRE was 46.08, scores considered 'difficult'. Websites on certain topics were found to be even harder to read than average. Where conditions had multiple names, searching for the simplest one led to the most readable results. Websites with .gov and .nhs TLDs were the most readable while .edu sites were the least. Within texts, a trend of increasing difficulty was found with concluding paragraphs being the hardest to read. It was also found that some of the most frequent search results (such as Wikipedia pages) were amongst the hardest to read. Health professionals, with the help of public and specialised libraries, need to create and direct patients towards high-quality, plain language health information in multiple languages. PMID:21332302

McInnes, Nicholas; Haglund, Bo J A

2011-12-01

158

Participation in a trauma-focused epidemiological investigation may result in sensitization for current health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  Participation in health survey research may result in a worsening of self-assessed health status and enhanced service-use\\u000a by increasing self-awareness of current health status. The present study investigated whether participation in a trauma-focused\\u000a epidemiological study sensitized participants for health problems irrespective of trauma exposure.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A total of 1,019 rescue workers and 453 residents involved in varying degrees in a large

Margot J. Verschuur; Philip Spinhoven; Arnold A. P. van Emmerik; Frits R. Rosendaal

2008-01-01

159

Scaling of Health Information Systems in India: Challenges and Approaches  

E-print Network

on experiences from an ongoing project to implement health information systems within the primary health care in the context of health care and health information systems (HIS) in developing countries, which development. C 2006Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Keywords: scaling; health information systems; India; globalization

Sahay, Sundeep

160

Retention of allied health professionals in rural New South Wales: a thematic analysis of focus group discussions  

PubMed Central

Background Uneven distribution of the medical workforce is globally recognised, with widespread rural health workforce shortages. There has been substantial research on factors affecting recruitment and retention of rural doctors, but little has been done to establish the motives and conditions that encourage allied health professionals to practice rurally. This study aims to identify aspects of recruitment and retention of rural allied health professionals using qualitative methodology. Methods Six focus groups were conducted across rural NSW and analysed thematically using a grounded theory approach. The thirty allied health professionals participating in the focus groups were purposively sampled to represent a range of geographic locations, allied health professions, gender, age, and public or private work sectors. Results Five major themes emerged: personal factors; workload and type of work; continuing professional development (CPD); the impact of management; and career progression. ‘Pull factors’ favouring rural practice included: attraction to rural lifestyle; married or having family in the area; low cost of living; rural origin; personal engagement in the community; advanced work roles; a broad variety of challenging clinical work; and making a difference. ‘Push factors’ discouraging rural practice included: lack of employment opportunities for spouses; perceived inadequate quality of secondary schools; age related issues (retirement, desire for younger peer social interaction, and intention to travel); limited opportunity for career advancement; unmanageable workloads; and inadequate access to CPD. Having competent clinical managers mitigated the general frustration with health service management related to inappropriate service models and insufficient or inequitably distributed resources. Failure to fill vacant positions was of particular concern and frustration with the lack of CPD access was strongly represented by informants. Conclusions While personal factors affecting recruitment and retention of allied health study participants were similar to doctors, differences also existed. Allied health professionals were attracted by advanced work roles in a context of generalist practice. Access to CPD and inequitable resource distribution were strong ‘push’ factors in this group. Health policy based on the assumption of transferability between professions may be misguided. PMID:22726758

2012-01-01

161

Gender, Work, and Health for Trans Health Providers: A Focus on Transmen  

PubMed Central

Well-documented health research points to trans people's vulnerability to health inequities that are linked to deeply embedded structural and social determinants of health. Gender and work, as social determinants of health for trans people, both shape and are shaped by multiple factors such as support networks, social environments, income and social status, shelter, and personal health practices. There is a gap in the nursing literature in regards to research on work and health for diverse trans people and a virtual silence on the particular issues of trans-identified health providers. This qualitative study used comparative life history methodology and purposeful sampling to examine links among work, career, and health for transmen who are health providers. Semistructured interviews were completed with four Canadian transmen involved in health care professional and/or practice contexts with diverse professions, age, work, and transitioning experiences. Critical gender analysis showed that unique and gender-related critical events and influences shape continuities and discontinuities in their careerlives. This strength-based approach foregrounds how resilience and growth emerged through participants' articulation with everyday gender dynamics. These findings have implications for nursing research, education, and practice that include an understanding of how trans providers “do transgender work” and supporting them in that process. PMID:23316387

MacDonnell, Judith A.; Grigorovich, Alisa

2012-01-01

162

Gender, work, and health for trans health providers: a focus on transmen.  

PubMed

Well-documented health research points to trans people's vulnerability to health inequities that are linked to deeply embedded structural and social determinants of health. Gender and work, as social determinants of health for trans people, both shape and are shaped by multiple factors such as support networks, social environments, income and social status, shelter, and personal health practices. There is a gap in the nursing literature in regards to research on work and health for diverse trans people and a virtual silence on the particular issues of trans-identified health providers. This qualitative study used comparative life history methodology and purposeful sampling to examine links among work, career, and health for transmen who are health providers. Semistructured interviews were completed with four Canadian transmen involved in health care professional and/or practice contexts with diverse professions, age, work, and transitioning experiences. Critical gender analysis showed that unique and gender-related critical events and influences shape continuities and discontinuities in their careerlives. This strength-based approach foregrounds how resilience and growth emerged through participants' articulation with everyday gender dynamics. These findings have implications for nursing research, education, and practice that include an understanding of how trans providers "do transgender work" and supporting them in that process. PMID:23316387

Macdonnell, Judith A; Grigorovich, Alisa

2012-01-01

163

Web Search Behavior and Information Needs of People With Multiple Sclerosis: Focus Group Study and Analysis of Online Postings  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and their family members increasingly seek health information on the Internet. There has been little exploration of how MS patients integrate health information with their needs, preferences, and values for decision making. The INtegrating and Deriving Evidence, Experiences, and Preferences (IN-DEEP) project is a collaboration between Italian and Australian researchers and MS patients, aimed to make high-quality evidence accessible and meaningful to MS patients and families, developing a Web-based resource of evidence-based information starting from their information needs. Objective The objective of this study was to analyze MS patients and their family members’ experience about the Web-based health information, to evaluate how they asses this information, and how they integrate health information with personal values. Methods We organized 6 focus groups, 3 with MS patients and 3 with family members, in the Northern, Central, and Southern parts of Italy (April-June 2011). They included 40 MS patients aged between 18 and 60, diagnosed as having MS at least 3 months earlier, and 20 family members aged 18 and over, being relatives of a person with at least a 3-months MS diagnosis. The focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim (Atlas software, V 6.0). Data were analyzed from a conceptual point of view through a coding system. An online forum was hosted by the Italian MS society on its Web platform to widen the collection of information. Nine questions were posted covering searching behavior, use of Web-based information, truthfulness of Web information. At the end, posts were downloaded and transcribed. Results Information needs covered a comprehensive communication of diagnosis, prognosis, and adverse events of treatments, MS causes or risk factors, new drugs, practical, and lifestyle-related information. The Internet is considered useful by MS patients, however, at the beginning or in a later stage of the disease a refusal to actively search for information could occur. Participants used to search on the Web before or after their neurologist’s visit or when a new therapy was proposed. Social networks are widely used to read others’ stories and retrieve information about daily management. A critical issue was the difficulty of recognizing reliable information on the Web. Many sources were used but the neurologist was mostly the final source of treatment decisions. Conclusions MS patients used the Internet as a tool to integrate information about the illness. Information needs covered a wide spectrum, the searched topics changed with progression of the disease. Criteria for evaluating Internet accuracy and credibility of information were often lacking or generic. This may limit the empowerment of patients in health care choices. PMID:25093374

Colombo, Cinzia; Confalonieri, Paolo; Baroni, Isabella; Traversa, Silvia; Hill, Sophie J; Synnot, Anneliese J; Oprandi, Nadia; Filippini, Graziella

2014-01-01

164

Information literacy in global perspective: how disaster focuses our minds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy is crucially important for all peoples as has been dramatically demonstrated in times of disaster as well as in more normal times. Its many dimensions have been much discussed in the library and information literature and have been defined in standards in a number of countries. Putting those concepts into practice presents a logistical and resource challenge, a

Alex Byrne

2005-01-01

165

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

166

Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program (TEHIP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program (TEHIP) at the US National Library of Medicine has developed an Internet gopher offering free access to national and international information resources and convenient connection to NLM's MEDLARS online databases. Included in the TEHIP gopher are a variety of publications (e.g., the bibliographic publication produced by TEHIP: ALTERNATIVES TO THE USE OF LIVE VERTEBRATES IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND TESTING) and direct connections to many relevant information sources from national and international government groups and universities. Training modules and documentation for the MEDLARS toxicology databases, and a calendar of meetings and courses of interest to those working in the areas of toxicology, environmental health and medicine, and occupational health and medicine are also included.

1997-01-01

167

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2013-10-01

168

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2011-10-01

169

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2012-10-01

170

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2014-10-01

171

45 CFR 164.526 - Amendment of protected health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Amendment of protected health information. 164.526 Section 164.526 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA... Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information § 164.526...

2010-10-01

172

78 FR 14793 - Advancing Interoperability and Health Information Exchange  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary...CMS-0038-NC] Advancing Interoperability and Health Information Exchange AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and...

2013-03-07

173

Hydrate for health: listening to older adults' need for information.  

PubMed

An interdisciplinary team of faculty and students developed the Hydrate for Health project to provide relevant and evidence-based information to community-dwelling older adults. Evidence-based factsheets on bladder health, nighttime urination, medication safety, and physical activity/exercise, as well as a fluid intake self-monitoring tool, were developed. Four focus groups were conducted and included older adults (N = 21) who participated in activities at two local senior centers to obtain their feedback about the relevance of the factsheets. Extensive revisions were required based on the feedback received. Older adults expressed a desire for pragmatic information (i.e., how to determine fluid sources from food, how to measure water, how to determine their own fluid needs). They also wanted information that could be easily incorporated into daily life. Nurses play a central role in listening to and incorporating older adults' voices into consumer education materials. PMID:25275782

Palmer, Mary H; Marquez, Celine S; Kline, Katherine V; Morris, Erin; Linares, Brenda; Carlson, Barbara W

2014-10-01

174

Approaching Equity in Consumer Health Information Delivery  

PubMed Central

Abstract The growing public interest in health and wellness information stems from many sources, including social changes related to consumers' rights and women's health movements, and economic changes brought about by the managed health care revolution. Public, hospital, and medical center libraries have been ill-equipped to meet the increasing need for consumer-oriented materials, even though a few notable programs have been established. The “Information Superhighway” could be an effective tool for sharing health information if access to telecomputing equipment and training were available to those with an information need. The University of Cincinnati Medical Center, with its libraries in the leading role, is delivering NetWellness, an electronic consumer health library service, to residents of 29 counties in three midwestern states. Users connect directly through the Internet, through regional Free-Nets, and by visiting one of 43 public access sites where networked workstations have been installed. The continued success of the project depends on developing partnerships, providing quality content and maintaining fair access. PMID:8988468

Morris, Theodore A.; Guard, J. Roger; Marine, Stephen A.; Schick, Leslie; Haag, Doris; Tsipis, Gaylene; Kaya, Birsen; Shoemaker, Steve

1997-01-01

175

Redefining leadership education in graduate public health programs: prioritization, focus, and guiding principles.  

PubMed

Public health program graduates need leadership skills to be effective in the complex, changing public health environment. We propose a new paradigm for schools of public health in which technical and leadership skills have equal priority as core competencies for graduate students. Leadership education should focus on the foundational skills necessary to effect change independent of formal authority, with activities offered at varying levels of intensity to engage different students. Leadership development initiatives should be practice based, process focused, interdisciplinary, diversity based, adaptive, experimental, innovative, and empowering, and they should encourage authenticity. Leadership training in graduate programs will help lay the groundwork for public health professionals to have an immediate impact in the workforce and to prioritize continuous leadership development throughout their careers. PMID:25706021

Lachance, Jennifer A; Oxendine, Jeffrey S

2015-03-01

176

Different for girls? Feminism, health information and librarianship.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on the provision and organization of health information materials in women's health centres in UK and Ireland in the late 20th century Such centres sprung from the work of feminist activists and health workers from the late 1960s onwards, promoting health information and other interventions to counteract women's devalued status within society, and the stereotypes perpetuated by health care and other systems. Centres that developed were (and still are) typically within the voluntary sector, have a strong feminist perspective and are run by lay workers. This paper will draw on research into information provision in these centres, its scope, organization and who provides it. It will argue that this work is of interest to mainstream librarianship, but there are minimal linkages as feminist thinking within librarianship has been unable overall to make common cause with the work of these, and other such agencies, which has inhibited potential developments of mutual benefit. This paper draws on ongoing research into feminism and librarianship, and findings that have been presented in a number of settings. PMID:12075848

Ilett, Rosie

2002-03-01

177

Air pollution and health: emerging information on susceptible populations  

PubMed Central

Outdoor air pollution poses risks to human health in communities around the world, and research on populations who are most susceptible continues to reveal new insights. Human susceptibility to adverse health effects from exposure to air pollution can be related to underlying disease; demographic or anthropometric characteristics; genetic profile; race and ethnicity; lifestyle, behaviors, and socioeconomic position; and location of residence or daily activities. In health research, an individual or group may have an enhanced responsiveness to a given, identical level of pollution exposure compared to those who are less susceptible. Or, people in these different groups may experience varying levels of exposure (for example, a theoretically homogeneous population whose members differ only by proximity to a road). Often the information available for health research may relate to both exposure and enhanced response to a given dose of pollution. This paper discusses the general direction of research on susceptibility to air pollution, with a general though not an exclusive focus on particulate matter, with specific examples of research on susceptibility related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma, and genetic and epigenetic features. We conclude by commenting how emerging knowledge of susceptibility can inform policy for controlling pollution sources and exposures to yield maximal health benefit and discuss two areas of emerging interest: studying air pollution and its connection to perinatal health, as well as land use and urban infrastructure design. PMID:25741389

Breton, Carrie V.; Devlin, Robert B.; Utell, Mark J.

2015-01-01

178

HealthPartners adopts community business model to deepen focus on nonclinical factors of health outcomes.  

PubMed

Clinical care contributes only 20 percent to overall health outcomes, according to a population health model developed at the University of Wisconsin. Factors contributing to the remainder include lifestyle behaviors, the physical environment, and social and economic forces--all generally considered outside the realm of care. In 2010 Minnesota-based HealthPartners decided to target nonclinical community health factors as a formal part of its strategic business plan to improve public health in the Twin Cities area. The strategy included creating partnerships with businesses and institutions that are generally unaccustomed to working together or considering how their actions could help improve community health. This article describes efforts to promote healthy eating in schools, reduce the stigma of mental illness, improve end-of-life decision making, and strengthen an inner-city neighborhood. Although still in their early stages, the partnerships can serve as encouragement for organizations inside and outside health care that are considering undertaking similar efforts in their markets. PMID:23918490

Isham, George J; Zimmerman, Donna J; Kindig, David A; Hornseth, Gary W

2013-08-01

179

White Paper: Advancing Personalized Health Care through Health Information Technology: An Update from the American Health Information Community's Personalized Health Care Workgroup  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Personalized Health Care Workgroup of the American Health Information Community was formed to determine what is needed to promote standard reporting and incorporation of medical genetic\\/genomic tests and family health history data in electronic health records. The Workgroup has examined and clarified a range of issues related to this information, including interoperability standards and requirements for confidentiality, privacy, and

John Glaser; Douglas E. Henley; Gregory Downing; Kristin M. Brinner

2008-01-01

180

Focus on Parents: The Parenting Materials Information Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To bridge the gap between producers of parenting materials and potential users, the National Institute of Education funded the Southwest Educational Laboratory to design, develop, and research the effectiveness of a model Parenting Materials Information Center. During the last 2 years this model has been developed to include more than 1400…

Espinoza, Renato

181

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their

Ben-Tzion Karsh; Matthew B. Weinger; Patricia A. Abbott; Robert L. Wears

2010-01-01

182

Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)  

Cancer.gov

The HINTS is a biennial national survey of the American public conducted by the Health Communication and Informatics Research Branch (HCIRB) in the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS). The survey collects nationally representative data about the American public's use of cancer-related information.

183

45 CFR 170.207 - Vocabulary standards for representing electronic health information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONS...CRITERIA AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Standards and Implementation...

2010-10-01

184

Data Liquidity in Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

In 2001 the IOM report "Crossing the Quality Chasm" and the NCVHS report "Information for Health" were released and they provided the context for the development of information systems used to support health-supporting processes. Both had as their goals, implicit or explicit, to ensure the right data is provided to the right person at the right time, which is one definition of "Data Liquidity". This concept has had some traction in recent years as a shorthand way to express a system property for Health IT, but there is not a well-defined characterization of what properties of a system or of its components give it better or worse data liquidity. This paper looks at some recent work that help to identify those properties and perhaps can help to ground the concept with metrics that are assessable. PMID:21799328

Courtney, Paul K.

2011-01-01

185

Nevada Information and Communications Technology Focus Group Analysis Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report documents the initiative of the College of Southern Nevada, Truckee Meadows Community College, and Western Nevada College to reach out to employers and other organizations to describe knowledge and skills needed by information and communications technology works. It also aims to "describe the current and projected employment opportunities for technicians" and "describe industry perceptions of colleges and community college graduates as potential employees" This 34 page document is available for download as a PDF.

186

Contact Information Student Health Insurance..............................814.865.7467  

E-print Network

Contact Information Student Health Insurance..............................814.865.7467 Fax) .........................814.863.9611 S T U D E N T health insurance University Health Services University Health Services (UHS Insurance For additional information or questions about the Penn State Student Health Insurance Plans

Lee, Dongwon

187

Internet Use for Health Information Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of the Internet to retrieve health information is increasingly common. The authors surveyed 743 undergraduate students at 2 academic institutions to examine their Internet use, health-seeking behaviors, and attitudes related to the use of the Internet to obtain health information. Fifty-three percent of the respondents indicated that they would like to get health information online, and 28% reported that

Cam Escoffery; Kathleen R Miner; Daniel D Adame; Susan Butler; Laura McCormick; Elizabeth Mendell

2005-01-01

188

Iterative Evaluation of a Web-Based Health Information Resource  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the research process and methods used to evaluate and improve a web-based health information resource intended for the public. The resource is called Community Connect to Research (CC2R) (www.connecttoresearch.org). The research process was an iterative one that involved collaboration with many partners. Two formal evaluations were conducted in 2009 and 2010 using key informant interviews, usability interviews, focus groups, an online survey, and readability and suitability assessment tools. These methods provided us with users’ perspective on the overall design, content, and literacy demands of the web site as well as valuable feedback on their interaction with the web site. We subsequently redesigned CC2R, making significant improvements based on what we learned from the evaluation. The second evaluation revealed that the redesign addressed many issues found in the first evaluation and identified additional areas of possible improvement. Overall, both evaluations suggested that participants believed that the web site was useful and valuable, indicating that CC2R is indeed a health information resource that provides patients and families with accessible, relevant, and high-quality information. Our experience suggests that regular formal evaluation is an essential tool for effective ongoing enhancement of health information resources meant for the public. PMID:23577665

ROSENFELD, LINDSAY; SHEPHERD, AMY; AGUNWAMBA, AMENAH A.; McCRAY, ALEXA T.

2013-01-01

189

Status of Oregon's Children: 2002 County Data Book. Special Focus: Health and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines trends in the well-being of Oregons children, focusing on child health, nutrition, and child safety. This statistical portrait is based on 17 indicators of child well-being: (1) child care supply; (2) third grade reading proficiency; (3) third grade math proficiency; (4) juvenile arrests; (5) suicide attempts;…

Children First for Oregon, Portland.

190

The identification and measurement of quality dimensions in health care: focus group interview results.  

PubMed

The identification and measurement of service quality are critical factors that are responsible for customer satisfaction. This article identifies 11 attributes that define quality of care and patient satisfaction and reveals various gaps among the patient, physician, and administrator groups in the perceived importance of those dimensions. Managerial implications for patient-focused health care are discussed. PMID:9803321

Jun, M; Peterson, R T; Zsidisin, G A

1998-01-01

191

Using Focus Groups to Identify Factors Affecting Healthful Weight Maintenance in Latino Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore (1) how migration influenced physical activity and dietary behaviors among Latino immigrants and (2) participants' perception of concepts related to a Health at Every Size (HAES) approach to weight maintenance (mindful eating, taking care of oneself). Methods: Four focus groups (n = 35), homogenous by sex, were conducted in…

Greaney, Mary L.; Lees, Faith D.; Lynch, Breanna; Sebelia, Linda; Greene, Geoffrey W.

2012-01-01

192

Focus groups in mental health research: enhancing the validity of user and provider questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most mental health researchers rely upon quantitative methods of data collection. Whilst such methods are commonly seen as reliable, qualitative methods are often seen as more valid. Despite the value of qualitative methods of data collection, however, many researchers denigrate their use. Qualitative research is often viewed as lacking in scientific rigour. This paper explores the use of the focus

Richard A. Powell; Helen M. Single; Keith R. Lloyd

1996-01-01

193

An Examination of Natural Language as a Query Formation Tool for Retrieving Information on E-Health from Pub Med.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of Internet use for information searches on health-related topics focuses on a study that examined complexity and variability of natural language in using search terms that express the concept of electronic health (e-health). Highlights include precision of retrieved information; shift in terminology; and queries using the Pub Med…

Peterson, Gabriel M.; Su, Kuichun; Ries, James E.; Sievert, Mary Ellen C.

2002-01-01

194

Information Literacy for Health Professionals: Teaching Essential Information Skills with the Big6 Information Literacy Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health professionals frequently do not possess the necessary information-seeking abilities to conduct an effective search in databases and Internet sources. Reference librarians may teach health professionals these information and technology skills through the Big6 information literacy model (Big6). This article aims to address this issue. It also…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia

2013-01-01

195

Evaluating the Process of Online Health Information Searching: A Qualitative Approach to Exploring Consumer Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet is a common resource that patients and consumers use to access health-related information. Multiple practical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors influence why, when, and how people utilize this tool. Improving the delivery of health-related information necessitates a thorough understanding of users’ searching-related needs, preferences, and experiences. Although a wide body of quantitative research examining search behavior exists, qualitative approaches have been under-utilized and provide unique perspectives that may prove useful in improving the delivery of health information over the Internet. Objective We conducted this study to gain a deeper understanding of online health-searching behavior in order to inform future developments of personalizing information searching and content delivery. Methods We completed three focus groups with adult residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, which explored perceptions of online health information searching. Participants were recruited through flyers and classifieds advertisements posted throughout the community. We audio-recorded and transcribed all focus groups, and analyzed data using standard qualitative methods. Results Almost all participants reported using the Internet to gather health information. They described a common experience of searching, filtering, and comparing results in order to obtain information relevant to their intended search target. Information saturation and fatigue were cited as main reasons for terminating searching. This information was often used as a resource to enhance their interactions with health care providers. Conclusions Many participants viewed the Internet as a valuable tool for finding health information in order to support their existing health care resources. Although the Internet is a preferred source of health information, challenges persist in streamlining the search process. Content providers should continue to develop new strategies and technologies aimed at accommodating diverse populations, vocabularies, and health information needs. PMID:25348028

Fiksdal, Alexander S; Kumbamu, Ashok; Jadhav, Ashutosh S; Cocos, Cristian; Nelsen, Laurie A; Pathak, Jyotishman

2014-01-01

196

Basic Principles of Information Technology Organization in Health Care Institutions  

PubMed Central

Abstract This paper focuses on the basic principles of information technology (IT) organization within health sciences centers. The paper considers the placement of the leader of the IT effort within the health sciences administrative structure and the organization of the IT unit. A case study of the University of Missouri—Columbia Health Sciences Center demonstrates how a role-based organizational model for IT support can be effective for determining the boundary between centralized and decentralized organizations. The conclusions are that the IT leader needs to be positioned with other institutional leaders who are making strategic decisions, and that the internal IT structure needs to be a role-based hybrid of centralized and decentralized units. The IT leader needs to understand the mission of the organization and actively use change-management techniques. PMID:9067885

Mitchell, Joyce A.

1997-01-01

197

Health Information in Chinese - Simplified (????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF Health Information Translations Back Injuries Back Care - English ???? - ???? (Chinese - Simplified) PDF Chinese Community Health Resource Center Exercises for Your Back ???? - ???? (Chinese - Simplified) PDF ...

198

Electronic Tools for Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Background As patients experience transitions in care, there is a need to share information between care providers in an accurate and timely manner. With the push towards electronic medical records and other electronic tools (eTools) (and away from paper-based health records) for health information exchange, there remains uncertainty around the impact of eTools as a form of communication. Objective To examine the impact of eTools for health information exchange in the context of care coordination for individuals with chronic disease in the community. Data Sources A literature search was performed on April 26, 2012, using OVID MEDLINE, OVID MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, OVID EMBASE, EBSCO Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Wiley Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination database, for studies published until April 26, 2012 (no start date limit was applied). Review Methods A systematic literature search was conducted, and meta-analysis conducted where appropriate. Outcomes of interest fell into 4 categories: health services utilization, disease-specific clinical outcomes, process-of-care indicators, and measures of efficiency. The quality of the evidence was assessed individually for each outcome. Expert panels were assembled for stakeholder engagement and contextualization. Results Eleven articles were identified (4 randomized controlled trials and 7 observational studies). There was moderate quality evidence of a reduction in hospitalizations, hospital length of stay, and emergency department visits following the implementation of an electronically generated laboratory report with recommendations based on clinical guidelines. The evidence showed no difference in disease-specific outcomes; there was no evidence of a positive impact on process-of-care indicators or measures of efficiency. Limitations A limited body of research specifically examined eTools for health information exchange in the population and setting of interest. This evidence included a combination of study designs and was further limited by heterogeneity in individual technologies and settings in which they were implemented. Conclusions There is evidence that the right eTools in the right environment and context can significantly impact health services utilization. However, the findings from this evidence-based analysis raise doubts about the ability of eTools with care-coordination capabilities to independently improve the quality of outpatient care. While eTools may be able to support and sustain processes, inefficiencies embedded in the health care system may require more than automation alone to resolve. Plain Language Summary Patients with chronic diseases often work with many different health care providers. To ensure smooth transitions from one setting to the next, health care providers must share information and coordinate care effectively. Electronic medical records (eTools) are being used more and more to coordinate patient care, but it is not yet known whether they are more effective than paper-based health records. In this analysis, we reviewed the evidence for the use of eTools to exchange information and coordinate care for people with chronic diseases in the community. There was some evidence that eTools reduced the number of hospital and emergency department visits, as well as patients' length of stay in the hospital, but there was no evidence that eTools improved the overall quality of patient care. PMID:24194799

2013-01-01

199

Humanising illness: presenting health information in educational comics.  

PubMed

Research into the effectiveness of comic books as health education tools overwhelmingly consists of studies evaluating the information learnt as a result of reading the comic, for example using preintervention and postintervention questionnaires. In essence, these studies evaluate comics in the same way in which a patient information leaflet might be evaluated, but they fail to evaluate the narrative element of comics. Health information comics have the potential to do much more than simply convey facts about an illness; they can also support patients in dealing with the social and psychological aspects of a condition. This article discusses how some common elements of educational comics are handled in a selection of comics about diabetes, focusing on the more personal or social aspects of the condition as well as the presentation of factual information. The elements examined include: fears and anxieties; reactions of friends and family; interactions with medical professionals; self-management; and prevention. In conclusion, the article argues that comics, potentially, have many advantages over patient information leaflets, particularly in the way in which they can offer 'companionship', helping patients to address fears and negative feelings. However, empirical studies are required to evaluate educational comics in a way which takes account of their potential role in supporting patients in coming to terms with their condition, as well as becoming better informed. PMID:24398159

McNicol, Sarah

2014-06-01

200

Breast cancer prevention knowledge, beliefs, and information sources between non-Hispanic and Hispanic college women for risk reduction focus.  

PubMed

Although growing research focuses on breast cancer screenings, little is known about breast cancer prevention with risk reduction awareness for ethnic differences among college-age women. This study examined breast cancer prevention knowledge, beliefs, and information sources between non-Hispanic and Hispanic college women. Using a cross-sectional study, women at a university in the Southwest completed a 51-item survey about breast cancer risk factors, beliefs, and media and interpersonal information sources. The study was guided by McGuire's Input Output Persuasion Model. Of the 546 participants, non-Hispanic college women (n = 277) and Hispanic college women (n = 269) reported similar basic knowledge levels of modifiable breast cancer risk factors for alcohol consumption (52 %), obesity (72 %), childbearing after age 35 (63 %), and menopausal hormone therapy (68 %) using bivariate analyses. Most common information sources were Internet (75 %), magazines (69 %), provider (76 %) and friends (61 %). Least common sources were radio (44 %), newspapers (34 %), and mothers (36 %). Non-Hispanic college women with breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from providers, friends, and mothers. Hispanic college women with a breast cancer family history were more likely to receive information from their mothers. Breast cancer prevention education for college women is needed to include risk reduction for modifiable health behavior changes as a new focus. Health professionals may target college women with more information sources including the Internet or apps. PMID:24989348

Kratzke, Cynthia; Amatya, Anup; Vilchis, Hugo

2015-02-01

201

Center for International Health Information (CIHI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CIHI Website provides data on current status and trends in population, nutrition, and health for developing countries that receive USAID assistance. Country, regional, and time series data are available in tables in either text or .pdf format for sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Near East, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Indicators include infant and maternal mortality, nutritional status, vaccination coverage, contraceptive use, and population and fertility rates. Users can download Global Health Data Viewer (GHDV) software containing over 60 indicators from 200 countries from the site. GHDV allows users to display a selected single point in time or time series data in spreadsheet or graphic form for manipulation or export to other programs. Other sections of the site contain reports of USAID projects and links to international population and health information sources.

202

The Place of Health Information and Socio-Emotional Support in Social Questioning and Answering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Little is known about the quality of health information in social contexts or how socio-emotional factors impact users' evaluations of quality. We explored how librarians, nurses and users assessed the quality of health answers posted on Yahoo! Answers, focusing on socio-emotional reactions displayed, advice given to users and…

Worrall, Adam; Oh, Sanghee

2013-01-01

203

Incremental change without policy learning: Explaining information rejection in English mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews recent policy changes in English mental health services and the nature of the evidence base that has guided these changes. In particular, the paper focuses on different groups within mental health policy and practice, citing examples of information rejection by each of the key stakeholders. Drawing on a neo-Durkheimian institutionalist framework, the paper argues that each group

Jon Glasby; Helen Lester

2007-01-01

204

Adolescent Maltreatment: Youth as Victims of Abuse and Neglect. Maternal & Child Health Technical Information Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin is intended to raise awareness of the magnitude and gravity of adolescent maltreatment and to provide information on public health program and policy interventions. A review of adolescent victimization, with a focus on vulnerable youth, provides background for the development of public health measures to promote prevention and ensure…

Hutchinson, Janice; Langlykke, Kristin

205

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use. PMID:20962121

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

206

1 Health Gov Info.doc HEALTH-RELATED GOVERNMENT INFORMATION & STATISTICS  

E-print Network

1 Health ­ Gov Info.doc HEALTH-RELATED GOVERNMENT INFORMATION & STATISTICS Useful Tips: 1. Search contacting government agencies/departments ­ finding the right person can get you the information you need 5.health.alberta.ca/newsroom/pub-health-care-system.html · The Health of Canadians - The Federal Role (Kirby report)... from the Canadian Senate http://www.parl.gc

Abolmaesumi, Purang

207

Being healthy or looking good? The effectiveness of health versus appearance-focused arguments in two-sided messages.  

PubMed

Two experimental studies test the effectiveness of health versus appearance-related arguments in two-sided messages. The first study shows that two-sided messages to discourage suntanning are more effective when using appearance-focused instead of health-focused arguments. Study 2 elaborates on the underlying mechanism and extends the generalization of the results of the first study, by investigating two-sided messages to promote physical exercise. The results show that for health-motivated consumers, a health-focused message is more effective, whereas for appearance-motivated consumers, an appearance-focused message is more effective. This matching effect is mediated by argument relevance. PMID:23682067

Cornelis, Erlinde; Cauberghe, Verolien; De Pelsmacker, Patrick

2014-09-01

208

Qualitative Evaluation of Health Information Exchange Efforts  

PubMed Central

Because most health information exchange (HIE) initiatives are as yet immature, formative evaluation is recommended so that what is learned through evaluation can be immediately applied to assist in HIE development efforts. Qualitative methods can be especially useful for formative evaluation because they can guide ongoing HIE growth while taking context into consideration. This paper describes important HIE-related research questions and outlines appropriate qualitative research techniques for addressing them. PMID:17904914

Ash, Joan S.; Guappone, Kenneth P.

2007-01-01

209

Consumer health information for pet owners  

PubMed Central

Objective: The author studied health information available for veterinary consumers both in print and online. Methods: WorldCat was searched using a list of fifty-three Library of Congress subject headings relevant to veterinary consumer health to identify print resources for review. Identified items were then collected and assessed for authority, comprehensiveness of coverage, validity, and other criteria outlined by Rees. An in-depth assessment of the information available for feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) and canine congestive heart failure (CHF) was then conducted to examine the availability and quality of information available for specific diseases and disorders. A reading grade level was assigned for each passage using the Flesch-Kincaid formula in the Readability Statistics feature in Microsoft Word. Results/Discussion: A total of 187 books and 7 Websites were identified and evaluated. More than half of the passages relating to FLUTD and CHF were written above an 11th-grade reading level. A limited quantity of quality, in-depth resources that address specific diseases and disorders and are written at an appropriate reading level for consumers is available. Conclusion: The library's role is to facilitate access to the limited number of quality consumer health resources that are available to veterinary consumers. PMID:16636707

Murphy, Sarah Anne

2006-01-01

210

For general information about the Certificate in Global Health, please  

E-print Network

For general information about the Certificate in Global Health, please contact: Robin Eric Mittenthal Global Health Administrative Program Manager 272 Nutritional Sciences 1415 Linden Dr. TEL: 608 appointments. OR Sweta Shrestha Education Programs Associate Global Health Institute 1026 Medical Sciences

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

211

Flexibility and Structure May Enhance Implementation of Family-Focused Therapy in Community Mental Health Settings  

PubMed Central

This study elicited provider and administrator preferences in implementing an evidence-based practice (EBP) for bipolar disorder or psychosis, family-focused therapy (FFT). Providers (n=35) and administrators (n= 5) from three community mental health centers took part in FFT training and participated in pre- and post-training focus groups. Transcripts were examined using conventional content analysis. Providers and administrators discussed barriers to implementing EBPs. Successful EBPs were described as incorporating flexibility and close supervision to maximize provider adherence. Providers expressed preferences for structured EBPs like FFT that have both explicit implementation steps and built-in flexibility. PMID:24810982

Chung, Bowen; Mikesell, Lisa; Miklowitz, David

2014-01-01

212

The appropriateness and use of focus group methodology across international mental health communities.  

PubMed

The ability to interpret collected data across international mental health communities often proves to be difficult. The following paper reports on the use and appropriateness of focus group methodology in helping to clarify issues that could help substantiate data collection and comparison across different cultures and regions. Field tests of the focus group methodology were undertaken in different regions and this paper describes an overview of the final field test in Sofia, Bulgaria. The findings and experiences with utilizing this methodology were incorporated in subsequent data collections. PMID:15276935

Schilder, Klaas; Tomov, Toma; Mladenova, M; Mayeya, John; Jenkins, Rachel; Gulbinat, Walter; Manderscheid, Ron; Baingana, Florence; Whiteford, Harvey; Khandelval, Sudhir; Minoletti, Alberto; Mubbashar, Malik H; Srinivasa Murthy, R; Parameshvara Deva, M; Baba, Aliko; Townsend, Clare; Sakuta, T

2004-01-01

213

Flexibility and structure may enhance implementation of family-focused therapy in community mental health settings.  

PubMed

This study elicited provider and administrator preferences in implementing an evidence-based practice (EBP) for bipolar disorder or psychosis, family-focused therapy (FFT). Providers (n = 35) and administrators (n = 5) from three community mental health centers took part in FFT training and participated in pre- and post-training focus groups. Transcripts were examined using conventional content analysis. Providers and administrators discussed barriers to implementing EBPs. Successful EBPs were described as incorporating flexibility and close supervision to maximize provider adherence. Providers expressed preferences for structured EBPs like FFT that have both explicit implementation steps and built-in flexibility. PMID:24810982

Chung, Bowen; Mikesell, Lisa; Miklowitz, David

2014-10-01

214

Indivo: a personally controlled health record for health information exchange and communication  

PubMed Central

Background Personally controlled health records (PCHRs), a subset of personal health records (PHRs), enable a patient to assemble, maintain and manage a secure copy of his or her medical data. Indivo (formerly PING) is an open source, open standards PCHR with an open application programming interface (API). Results We describe how the PCHR platform can provide standard building blocks for networked PHR applications. Indivo allows the ready integration of diverse sources of medical data under a patient's control through the use of standards-based communication protocols and APIs for connecting PCHRs to existing and future health information systems. Conclusion The strict and transparent personal control model is designed to encourage widespread participation by patients, healthcare providers and institutions, thus creating the ecosystem for development of innovative, consumer-focused healthcare applications. PMID:17850667

Mandl, Kenneth D; Simons, William W; Crawford, William CR; Abbett, Jonathan M

2007-01-01

215

Health Information in Bosnian (Bosanski): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Bosnian (Bosanski) A After Surgery Your Hospital Care After Surgery Bolni?ka njega nakon operacije - Bosanski (Bosnian) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Alcoholism and ...

216

Health Information in Chinese - Traditional (????): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Chinese - Traditional) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) ??????? (GTT) - ???? (Chinese - Traditional) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Take Care of Your Heart. Manage Your Diabetes: Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure, and Cholesterol - English ????, ...

217

Health Information in Marshallese (kajin Majöl): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... nejôm - kajin Majöl (Marshallese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations C Child Safety Safety with Car Seats and ... Seats) - kajin Majöl (Marshallese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations D Return to top Diabetes and Pregnancy Diabetes ...

218

Using rangeland health assessment to inform successional management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Rangeland health assessment provides qualitative information on ecosystem attributes. Successional management is a conceptual framework that allows managers to link information gathered in rangeland health assessment to ecological processes that need to be repaired to allow vegetation to change in ...

219

Adding home health care to the discussion on health information technology policy.  

PubMed

The potential for health information technology to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of health care has resulted in several U.S. policy initiatives aimed at integrating health information technology into health care systems. However, home health care agencies have been excluded from incentive programs established through policies, raising concerns on the extent to which health information technology may be used to improve the quality of care for older adults with chronic illness and disabilities. This analysis examines the potential issues stemming from this exclusion and explores potential opportunities of integrating home health care into larger initiatives aimed at establishing health information technology systems for meaningful use. PMID:23937673

Ruggiano, Nicole; Brown, Ellen L; Hristidis, Vagelis; Page, Timothy F

2013-01-01

220

American Health Information Management Association Code of Ethics  

E-print Network

and the aggregate community of persons served in the healthcare system. Healthcare consumers are increasingly information. Core health information issues include what information should be collected; how the information and securing health information. Values to the healthcare team include promoting the quality and advancement

Zhou, Yaoqi

221

Health Information Technology in Oncology Practice: A Literature Review  

PubMed Central

The adoption and implementation of information technology are dramatically remodeling healthcare services all over the world, resulting in an unstoppable and sometimes overwhelming process. After the introduction of the main elements of electronic health records and a description of what every cancer-care professional should be familiar with, we present a narrative review focusing on the current use of computerized clinical information and decision systems in oncology practice. Following a detailed analysis of the many coveted goals that oncologists have reached while embracing informatics progress, the authors suggest how to overcome the main obstacles for a complete physicians’ engagement and for a full information technology adoption, and try to forecast what the future holds. PMID:25506195

Fasola, G; Macerelli, M; Follador, A; Rihawi, K; Aprile, G; Mea, V Della

2014-01-01

222

Student Reception, Sources, and Believability of Health-Related Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the health topics students received information about, how students obtained health-related information, and perceived believability of those sources. Participants and Methods: Students (N = 1202) were surveyed using the National College Health Assessment (NCHA) of the American College Health

Kwan, Matthew Yiu Wing; Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Kelly P.; Lowe, David; Taman, Sara; Faulkner, Guy E. J.

2010-01-01

223

MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY  

E-print Network

MANAGING THE CONFIGURATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS WITH A FOCUS ON SECURITY Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology an impact on the security of the systems and operations. In developing information systems, organizations

224

Precision with Ease: Refining Thesaurus Support for Quality Health Information Searching on Health"Insite"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health"Insite" is the Australian Government's Internet gateway to reliable health information online, providing access to over 15,000 information items on the websites of more than 80 approved information partners. The gateway provides a variety of searching and browsing options to assist users to find information on a wide range of health topics.…

Smith, Jill Buckley; Deacon, Prue

2009-01-01

225

Health equipment information, number 115, October 1983  

SciTech Connect

Contents: Squibb Surgicare Ltd: System 2-Stoma Bridge for loop ostomy; Electronic and medical equipment: guidance on documentation required for maintenance; Assessment of the radio-opacity of catheters; IEC Publication number 731: dosimeters with ionization chambers as used in radiotherapy; Seminar on digital radiology; Economic appraisal of a Mobile CT Scanning Service; Equipment for the disabled; Evaluation of the Greiner G300 Analyser; Launch of Occupational Therapists' Reference Book 1983/4; Summary of health notices (hazard): 1 April 1983-31 August 1983; Safety Information Bulletin No 9-May 1983: Summary of items; Safety Information Bulletin No 10-July 1983: Summary of items; Safety Information Bulletin No 11-September 1983: Summary of items; Amendment to HEI 112 July 1983: evaluation of ECG Recorders.

Not Available

1984-01-01

226

Developing Solution-Focused Technologies - New York City Health and Hospital Corporation's Electronic Medical Record  

Microsoft Academic Search

NYC HHC is the nation's largest public health system and a pioneering leader in clinical informatics. The panel provides an overview of NYC HHCs vision and goals for clinical information systems, including three case studies of recently developed systems for the Emergency Department, Cardiology, and Ambulatory Care. The cases studies illustrate the value of standardized practices through the implementation of

Jonathan Leviss; Gregory Almond; Glenn Martin; Daniel Morreale; Peter Peacock; David Rubinstein

2003-01-01

227

Learning Wellness: How Ageing Australians Experience Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given identified synergies between information use and health status greater understanding is needed about how people use information to learn about their health. This paper presents the findings of preliminary research into health information literacy. Analysis of data from semi-structured interviews revealed six different ways ageing Australians…

Yates, Christine; Partridge, Helen; Bruce, Christine

2009-01-01

228

Reasons for participating and genetic information needs among racially and ethnically diverse biobank participants: a focus group study.  

PubMed

In order for DNA biobanks to be a valuable reservoir of genetic information, large numbers of participants from all racial and ethnic backgrounds need to be recruited. This study explored reasons for participating in a new biobank among primarily Hispanic and African American individuals, as well as their general attitudes towards genetic research, and their views on obtaining genetic tests. Focus groups were conducted with Mount Sinai Biobank participants recruited from predominantly lower income, minority communities. The topic guide included questions on The Mount Sinai Biobank, genetic research, and genetic testing. All focus groups were audio recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic analysis. The six focus groups comprised 43 participants: 39 females and four males, aged 27-76 years, with a median household income category of $20,000-$39,999. Twenty-one participants were Hispanic, 20 African American, one Asian, and one White. Participants' reasons for participating in the biobank included altruism, personal and family benefit, and general curiosity. Although there was evidence of conflation between genetic research and genetic testing, most participants held positive views of genetic research and expressed interest in receiving personal genetic test results. Participants wanted to learn more about genetic research and suggested various venues such as health fairs for disseminating information. Participation in biobanks by racial and ethnic minorities is apparently driven by altruism, and desire for personal or collective health benefits. Participants had generally positive attitudes, limited understanding of genetics and genetic research, and made useful suggestions regarding information dissemination mechanisms. PMID:22109822

Streicher, Samantha A; Sanderson, Saskia C; Jabs, Ethylin Wang; Diefenbach, Michael; Smirnoff, Meg; Peter, Inga; Horowitz, Carol R; Brenner, Barbara; Richardson, Lynne D

2011-09-01

229

Information Extraction from Social Media for Public Health Nomie Elhadad  

E-print Network

York City Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene hwaechte@health.nyc.gov ABSTRACT Social media sitesInformation Extraction from Social Media for Public Health Noémie Elhadad Columbia University University djhsu@cs.columbia.edu Sharon Balter New York City Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene sbalter@health

Gravano, Luis

230

Preferences in the Use of Social Media for Seeking and Communicating Health and Lifestyle Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper presents findings from a study investigating the health and lifestyle information behaviour of different groups of Icelanders. The paper focuses on the use of social media and its role in current information behaviour. Method: Quantitative methods were used. Two random samples were used in the study and the data were…

Pálsdóttir, Ágústa

2014-01-01

231

Health information technology impact on productivity.  

PubMed

Managers work to achieve the greatest output for the least input effort, better balancing all factors of delivery to achieve the most with the smallest resource effort. Documentation of actual health information technology (HIT) cost savings has been elusive. Information technology and linear programming help to control hospital costs without harming service quality or staff morale. This study presents production function results from a study of hospital output during the period 2008-2011. The results suggest that productivity varies widely among the 58 hospitals as a function of staffing patterns, methods of organization, and the degree of reliance on information support systems. Financial incentives help to enhance productivity. Incentive pay for staff based on actual productivity gains is associated with improved productivity. HIT can enhance the marginal value product of nurses and staff, so that they concentrate their workday around patient care activities. The implementation of electronic health records (EHR) was associated with a 1.6 percent improvement in productivity. PMID:23971142

Eastaugh, Steven R

2012-01-01

232

Security for decentralized health information systems.  

PubMed

Health care information systems must reflect at least two basic characteristics of the health care community: the increasing mobility of patients and the personal liability of everyone giving medical treatment. Open distributed information systems bear the potential to reflect these requirements. But the market for open information systems and operating systems hardly provides secure products today. This 'missing link' is approached by the prototype SECURE Talk that provides secure transmission and archiving of files on top of an existing operating system. Its services may be utilized by existing medical applications. SECURE Talk demonstrates secure communication utilizing only standard hardware. Its message is that cryptography (and in particular asymmetric cryptography) is practical for many medical applications even if implemented in software. All mechanisms are software implemented in order to be executable on standard-hardware. One can investigate more or less decentralized forms of public key management and the performance of many different cryptographic mechanisms. That of, e.g. hybrid encryption and decryption (RSA+DES-PCBC) is about 300 kbit/s. That of signing and verifying is approximately the same using RSA with a DES hash function. The internal speed, without disk accesses etc., is about 1.1 Mbit/s. (Apple Quadra 950 (MC 68040, 33 MHz, RAM: 20 MB, 80 ns. Length of RSA modulus is 512 bit). PMID:8188407

Bleumer, G

1994-02-01

233

[Information on health: production, consumption and biopower].  

PubMed

This article seeks to elicit misgivings regarding the value attributed to medical truth found in the biomedical literature. The issue of the protection of sexual practices was taken by way of example and the works of thinkers like Nietzsche, Baudrillard, Bourdieu, and especially Michel Foucault, were consulted. This was done in order to consider that the elaboration and use of health information can be interpreted as a practice constituting a policy that dynamically inspires both experts and non-experts on medical truth, constituting a morality that is based on the production and consumption of this truth. It is a policy that Foucault called biopolitics, able to establish ways of living where the exercise of thought does not seem to be so "rewarding," where practices of command and obedience are mediated by health information. In this perspective, physicians and non-physicians have been seduced by the desire to attain the truth, such that the commitment of everyone is seen to concentrate on the production and use of statements that they believe can prolong life and save from getting sick. These are discourses cultivated in the market of a media-dominated society in which individuals controlled by information produce subjectivities that are anchored in the medical-capital truth binomial. PMID:24061035

da Silva, Cléber Domingos Cunha

2013-10-01

234

Developing the Foundation for Syndromic Surveillance and Health Information Exchange for Yolo County, California  

PubMed Central

This report delineates Yolo County Health Department’s process to ascertain its optimal methods of participation in syndromic surveillance and health information exchange. As a health department serving a county of just 200,000 residents, Yolo County Health Department needed to operate within strict financial constraints. Meaningful Use legislation enabled it to pursue both syndromic surveillance and health information exchange participation whilst complying with its budgetary restrictions. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH), a segment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, has incentivized the ‘Meaningful Use’ of electronic health records (EHRs) by providing incentive reimbursements and non-compliance penalties. The Meaningful Use of EHRs is to take place over 3 Stages: Stage 1 has begun, Stage 2 is imminent, and Stage 3 is currently being discussed. Having been solicited by both health information exchange and syndromic surveillance options which were cost-prohibitive, Yolo County Health Department focused attention on BioSense 2.0, a Meaningul Use-ready and virtually free syndromic surveillance program developed by the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In collaboration with Sacramento County Department of Health and Human Services, and with support from several other area counties, Yolo County Health Department submitted a Funding Opportunity application for BioSense 2.0 regional implementation. Through this collaboration, Yolo County Health Department has begun participating in the formative stages of the Sacramento Area Center for Advanced Biosurveillance (SAC-B). Via SAC-B, Yolo County Health Department will be able to participate in syndromic surveillance in the BioSense 2.0 program, and simultaneously expand its electronic health data sharing towards a more comprehensive health information exchange. Lastly, over the course of these projects, three other methods of participating in electronic health data sharing became available to Yolo County Health Department: all three methods were the direct result of Meaningful Use legislation. PMID:23569635

Chaudhary, Osama

2012-01-01

235

Research on Trusted Personal Health and Wellness Information in Ubiquitous Health Information Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information structures of current electronic patient record systems (EHRs) are based on the traditional paper-based documentation\\u000a systems. The semantic interoperability of these systems is limited and security aspects are static. The usability and usefulness\\u000a of these systems to citizen-based care model is very limited. In this research we identify the shift to pervasive health care\\u000a where any type of health

P. Nykänen; P. Ruotsalainen; B. Blobel; A. Seppälä

236

Health care information seeking and seniors: determinants of internet use.  

PubMed

While seniors are the most likely population segment to have chronic diseases, they are the least likely to seek information about health and diseases on the Internet. An understanding of factors that impact seniors' usage of the Internet for health care information may provide them with tools needed to improve health. This research examined some of these factors as identified in the comprehensive model of information seeking to find that demographics, trust in health information websites, perceived usefulness of the Internet, and internal locus of control each significantly impact seniors' use of the Internet to seek health information. PMID:25751321

Sheng, Xiaojing; Simpson, Penny M

2015-01-01

237

Climate change and environmental impacts on maternal and newborn health with focus on Arctic populations  

PubMed Central

Background In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented a report on global warming and the impact of human activities on global warming. Later the Lancet commission identified six ways human health could be affected. Among these were not environmental factors which are also believed to be important for human health. In this paper we therefore focus on environmental factors, climate change and the predicted effects on maternal and newborn health. Arctic issues are discussed specifically considering their exposure and sensitivity to long range transported contaminants. Methods Considering that the different parts of pregnancy are particularly sensitive time periods for the effects of environmental exposure, this review focuses on the impacts on maternal and newborn health. Environmental stressors known to affects human health and how these will change with the predicted climate change are addressed. Air pollution and food security are crucial issues for the pregnant population in a changing climate, especially indoor climate and food security in Arctic areas. Results The total number of environmental factors is today responsible for a large number of the global deaths, especially in young children. Climate change will most likely lead to an increase in this number. Exposure to the different environmental stressors especially air pollution will in most parts of the world increase with climate change, even though some areas might face lower exposure. Populations at risk today are believed to be most heavily affected. As for the persistent organic pollutants a warming climate leads to a remobilisation and a possible increase in food chain exposure in the Arctic and thus increased risk for Arctic populations. This is especially the case for mercury. The perspective for the next generations will be closely connected to the expected temperature changes; changes in housing conditions; changes in exposure patterns; predicted increased exposure to Mercury because of increased emissions and increased biological availability. Conclusions A number of environmental stressors are predicted to increase with climate change and increasingly affecting human health. Efforts should be put on reducing risk for the next generation, thus global politics and research effort should focus on maternal and newborn health. PMID:22084626

Rylander, Charlotta; Odland, Jon Ø.; Sandanger, Torkjel M.

2011-01-01

238

Internet-based health information consumer skills intervention for people living with HIV/AIDS.  

PubMed

Medical information can improve health, and there is an enormous amount of health information available on the Internet. A randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of an intervention based on social- cognitive theory to improve information use among people living with HIV/AIDS. Men and women (N = 448) were placed in either (a) an 8-session intervention that focused on Internet information consumer skills or (b) a time-matched support group and were followed to 9 months postintervention. The Internet skills group demonstrated greater Internet use for health, information coping, and social support compared with the control group. The authors conclude that people with HIV infection may benefit from increased access to health information on the Internet and that vulnerability to misinformation and fraud can be reduced through behavioral interventions. PMID:16822111

Kalichman, Seth C; Cherry, Charsey; Cain, Demetria; Pope, Howard; Kalichman, Moira; Eaton, Lisa; Weinhardt, Lance; Benotsch, Eric G

2006-06-01

239

Consumer health information demand and delivery: implications for libraries.  

PubMed Central

Consumers are increasingly interested in information that will help them manage their own health and that of their families. Managed care and other health providers see consumer health information as one tool to help improve patient satisfaction and reduce costs. There is a huge and varied supply of such information, provided through myriad sources. This article summarizes findings from a preliminary assessment of consumer health information demand and delivery supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It highlights patterns of consumer interest and supply sources, identifies problems that confront those looking for information, and suggests a role for libraries as providers and interpreters of health information. The last publicly released general study on consumer health information was commissioned by General Mills in 1979. In the sixteen years since then, the scope of consumer health information has become huge and diverse; with increased responsibility for health, consumers have developed both broad interests and very specific needs. The Department of Health and Human Services commissioned a preliminary assessment of consumer health information demand and delivery to lay the foundation for a more comprehensive understanding of the issues. This article highlights some of the key findings that suggest a role for libraries as consumer health information providers and interpreters. PMID:8826626

Deering, M J; Harris, J

1996-01-01

240

Undertaking sociotechnical evaluations of health information technologies.  

PubMed

There is an increasing international recognition that the evaluation of health information technologies should involve assessments of both the technology and the social/organisational contexts into which it is deployed. There is, however, a lack of agreement on definitions, published guidance on how such 'sociotechnical evaluations' should be undertaken, and how they distinguish themselves from other approaches. We explain what sociotechnical evaluations are, consider the contexts in which these are most usefully undertaken, explain what they entail, reflect on the potential pitfalls associated with such research, and suggest possible ways to avoid these. PMID:24841408

Cresswell, Kathrin M; Sheikh, Aziz

2014-01-01

241

Small business owners' opinions about written health and safety information.  

PubMed

Owners of small manufacturing businesses from twelve industrial sectors (n=40) participated in focus groups. They most frequently read trade and local business publications; few regularly read or receive health and safety materials. They select business-related materials that are specific to their business, give them new ideas, or have information that is easy to use. Insurance companies and business associations are the most frequently mentioned sources of health and safety information. The most important aspects of a prototype newsletter are sponsorship, color and graphics, length and relevance. Most are positive about a university logo, because it indicates a trusted source. The front page should have a table of contents with short descriptions of articles and catchy headlines. A newsletter should take no more than ten minutes to read. Owners did not like articles that were written in first person, used quotes, were too personal or gave no solutions. Owners think a newsletter will be successful if it is targeted to their industry, shows costs, includes case studies about local businesses, isn't too academic, focuses on a different topic with each issue, and gives readers an opportunity to provide feedback. PMID:17485864

Brosseau, Lisa M; Fredrickson, Ann L; Casey, Mary Anne

2007-04-01

242

The Internet as a Health Information Source: Findings from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey and Implications for Health Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wealth of health information is available online, but we do not fully understand the implications for health communication. This study examined whether health information seekers who turn to the Internet first differ from those who turn elsewhere. Data from the 2,338 respondents to the mail portion of the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 2007 who

Susan Koch-Weser; Ylisabyth S. Bradshaw; Lisa Gualtieri; Susan S. Gallagher

2010-01-01

243

Improving Health Promotion to American Indians in the Midwest United States: Preferred Sources of Health Information and Its Use for the Medical Encounter  

PubMed Central

American Indians and Alaska Natives suffer significant health disparities for many infectious and chronic diseases as compared to the general population. Providing accurate and culturally tailored health information to underserved groups has been shown to influence health behaviors and health outcomes. Little prior research has explored American Indians health information use and preferences. National representative sample surveys such as the Health Information National Trends Survey provide some data on minority groups but are underpowered to provide useful information on American Indians. The present study analyzes data from a survey of over 900 American Indians from the Midwest United States and explores their sources of health information, their preferences for information presentation, and their use of health information prior to and during medical encounters. We conclude that campaigns targeting Natives should be narrowly focused and be community driven or employing community resources. American Indians use a diversity of media sources to obtain health information, with the Internet being underutilized compared to the general population. Partnership with Indian Health Service providers and pharmacists, as well as traditional healers, in the development and dissemination of new health information for Natives may provide the “expert” tone needed to promote health improvements in American Indians. PMID:22477671

Geana, Mugur V.; Greiner, K. Allen; Cully, Angelia; Talawyma, Myrietta; Daley, Christine Makosky

2014-01-01

244

Transforming Health Care Delivery Through Consumer Engagement, Health Data Transparency, and Patient-Generated Health Information  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives Address current topics in consumer health informatics. Methods Literature review. Results Current health care delivery systems need to be more effective in the management of chronic conditions as the population turns older and experiences escalating chronic illness that threatens to consume more health care resources than countries can afford. Most health care systems are positioned poorly to accommodate this. Meanwhile, the availability of ever more powerful and cheaper information and communication technology, both for professionals and consumers, has raised the capacity to gather and process information, communicate more effectively, and monitor the quality of care processes. Conclusions Adapting health care systems to serve current and future needs requires new streams of data to enable better self-management, improve shared decision making, and provide more virtual care. Changes in reimbursement for health care services, increased adoption of relevant technologies, patient engagement, and calls for data transparency raise the importance of patient-generated health information, remote monitoring, non-visit based care, and other innovative care approaches that foster more frequent contact with patients and better management of chronic conditions. PMID:25123739

Wald, J. S.

2014-01-01

245

Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

2012-01-01

246

HealthFinland--Publishing Health Promotion Information on the Semantic Web Eero Hyvnen1  

E-print Network

HealthFinland--Publishing Health Promotion Information on the Semantic Web Eero Hyvönen1 , Kim of Technology (TKK) and University of Helsinki 2 National Public Health Institute, Finland Abstract This paper, discovery, linking, aggregation, and reuse in health information portals, both from end-user's and content

Hyvönen, Eero

247

Health Care Information in African-American Churches  

PubMed Central

Churches are a trusted resource in African American communities; however, little is known about their presentation of health care information. This study characterized health care information disseminated by 11 African American churches. Content analysis conducted on print media systematically collected over one year used a coding scheme with .77 intercoder reliability. Health care information was identified in 243 items and represented three topics (screening, medical services, health insurance). Screening was the most common topic (n=156), flyers/handouts most often used (n=90), and the church the most common source (n=71). Using chi-square tests, information was assessed over time with health insurance information showing a statistically significant increase (?2=6.08, p <.05). Study churches provided health care information at varying levels of detail with most coming from church and community publications. Future research should examine additional characteristics of health care information, its presence in other churches and community settings, and how exposure influences behaviors. PMID:24509024

Harmon, Brook E.; Kim, Sei-Hill; Blake, Christine E.; Hébert, James R.

2014-01-01

248

Focus on sex differences in grant applications submitted to the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Several measures have been implemented at international level to ensure that there is a greater focus on sex differences in health research. This study evaluates the effect of various formal incentives that were introduced by a Dutch financer of health research to encourage applicants to include sex differences in research proposals. METHODS: We sampled 213 health research proposals submitted

Debby G Keuken; Joke A Haafkens; Niek S Klazinga

2007-01-01

249

Comparing Information Needs of Health Care Providers and Older Adults: Findings from a Wellness Study  

PubMed Central

Consumer health informatics technologies have the potential to enhance shared decision-making and communication between older adults, health care providers, and other stakeholders. The objective of this study was to characterize the information needs of these stakeholders to inform the design of informatics tools that support wellness in older adults. We conducted four focus groups with 31 older adults and three focus groups with 10 health care providers to explore information needs, goals, and preferences for information sharing. Analysis of focus group transcripts was performed to identify and compare themes for different stakeholders. We identified four themes related to information activities: perceived goals of others, perceived information needs of others, information sharing by older adults, and role of family members. Older adults, family members and health care providers differ in their information needs. We provide recommendations to facilitate design and adoption of informatics tools that connect these stakeholders. Larger studies are needed to characterize different stakeholder goals, information needs and preferences. PMID:23920507

Reeder, Blaine; Le, Thai; Thompson, Hilaire J.; Demiris, George

2015-01-01

250

What constitutes an excellent allied health care professional? A multidisciplinary focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Determining what constitutes an excellent allied health care professional (AHCP) is important, since this is what will guide the development of curricula for training future physical therapists, oral hygienists, speech therapists, diagnostic radiographers, and dietitians. This also determines the quality of care. Aim To describe perspectives of AHCPs on which characteristics are commonly associated with an excellent AHCP. Methods AHCPs’ perspectives were derived from three focus group discussions. Twenty-one health care professionals participated. The final analysis of the focus group discussions produced eight domains, in which content validity was obtained through a Delphi panel survey of 27 contributing experts. Results According to the survey, a combination of the following characteristics defines an excellent AHCP: (1) cognizance, to obtain and to apply knowledge in a broad multidisciplinary health care field; (2) cooperativity, to effectively work with others in a multidisciplinary context; (3) communicative, to communicate effectively at different levels in complex situations; (4) initiative, to initiate new ideas, to act proactively, and to follow them through; (5) innovative, to devise new ideas and to implement alternatives beyond current practices; (6) introspective, to self-examine and to reflect; (7) broad perspective, to capture the big picture; and (8) evidence-driven, to find and to use scientific evidence to guide one’s decisions. Conclusion The AHCPs perspectives can be used as a reference for personal improvement for supervisors and professionals in clinical practice and for educational purposes. These perspectives may serve as a guide against which talented students can evaluate themselves. PMID:24049449

Paans, Wolter; Wijkamp, Inge; Wiltens, Egbert; Wolfensberger, Marca V

2013-01-01

251

From the Director: Surfing the Web for Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Issue Past Issues From the Director: Surfing the Web for Health Information Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table ... all information on the Internet is reliable. Some Web sites post inaccurate or biased medical information. Others ...

252

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of health information seekers in prior studies. Methods: A web-based survey was posted on NC Health Info (NCHI) with 211 respondents, self-identified per the information need that brought them to NCHI as 20% LIMs (n?=?43), 58% direct users (n?=?122), and 22% health or information providers (n?=?46). Follow-up telephone interviews were performed with 10% (n?=?21). Interview analysis focused on lay participants (n?=?15 LIMs and direct users combined). Interviewees were reclassified post-survey as 12 LIMs and 3 direct users when studied information behavior extended beyond NCHI search. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory approach. Results: Surveyed LIMs were 77% female (n?=?33) and searched on behalf or because of family members (81%, n?=?35) and people they felt “extremely close” to (77%, n?=?33). LIMs reported various information seeking barriers “sometimes” to “often.” LIMs searched mostly without prompting (51%, n?=?22). Interview results triangulated survey findings regarding gender, tie strength, and prompting. Conclusions: LIMB may be related to gender and relationship tie strength and appears more internally than externally motivated. Further LIMB research is warranted. PMID:18974809

Fisher, Karen E.; Turner, Anne G.; Durrance, Joan C.; Turner, Tammara Combs

2008-01-01

253

Primary Care Health Service ESSENTIAL INFORMATION FOR REQUIRED HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE WHILE AT BARNARD  

E-print Network

Primary Care Health Service ESSENTIAL INFORMATION FOR REQUIRED HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE WHILE are required to carry health insurance. You have two options for insurance coverage. They are: 1. Purchase the health insurance policy provided through Barnard which is offered through Aetna Student Health. 2. Waive

254

Assuring Equity Through Health and Health Care Reform Conference Registration Information (Type or Print)  

E-print Network

Sexual and Reproductive Health 2:00-3:30 Equity Leadership in Academic Medicine Environmental JusticeAssuring Equity Through Health and Health Care Reform Conference Registration Information (Type of Health Reform in the Pharmaceutical Industry Sustaining Community Health Workers Comparative

Brown, Lucy L.

255

Health information systems in humanitarian emergencies.  

PubMed Central

Health information systems (HIS) in emergencies face a double dilemma: the information necessary to understand and respond to humanitarian crises must be timely and detailed, whereas the circumstances of these crises makes it challenging to collect it. Building on the technical work of the Health Metrics Network on HIS and starting with a systemic definition of HIS in emergencies, this paper reviews the various data-collection platforms in these contexts, looking at their respective contributions to providing what humanitarian actors need to know to target their intervention to where the needs really are. Although reporting or sampling errors are unavoidable, it is important to identify them and acknowledge the limitations inherent in generalizing data that were collected in highly heterogeneous environments. To perform well in emergencies, HIS require integration and participation. In spite of notable efforts to coordinate data collection and dissemination practices among humanitarian agencies, it is noted that coordination on the ground depends on the strengths and presence of a lead agency, often WHO, and on the commitment of humanitarian agencies to investing resources in data production. Poorly integrated HIS generate fragmented, incomplete and often contradictory statistics, a situation that leads to a misuse of numbers with negative consequences on humanitarian interventions. As a means to avoid confusion regarding humanitarian health statistics, this paper stresses the importance of submitting statistics to a rigorous and coordinated auditing process prior to their publication. The audit trail should describe the various steps of the data production chains both technically and operationally, and indicate the limits and assumptions under which each number can be used. Finally emphasis is placed on the ethical obligation for humanitarian agencies to ensure that the necessary safeguards on data are in place to protect the confidentiality of victims and minority groups in politically sensitive contexts. PMID:16184277

Thieren, Michel

2005-01-01

256

FOCUSED STATE TRANSITION INFORMATION IN ASR Chris Bartels and Jeff Bilmes  

E-print Network

and double delta features are used to detect loci of rapid change in the speech stream, and this information and intra-word (or inter word-constituent) transition. Specifically, we focus stan- dard delta and double-delta relative to a baseline state-of-the-art system. Clearly, the use of delta and double-delta information

Bilmes, Jeff

257

Master's Degree in Management Information Systems with a Supply Chain Management Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate curriculum in Management Information Systems with a Supply Chain Management focus is presented. The motivation for this endeavor stems from the fact that the global scope of modern business organizations and the competitive environment in which they operate, requires an information system leveraged supply chain management system (SCM)…

Ramaswamy, Kizhanatham V.; Boyd, Joseph L.; Desai, Mayur

2007-01-01

258

Social and behavioral history information in public health datasets.  

PubMed

Social and behavioral history is increasingly recognized as integral for understanding important determinants of disease and critical for patient care, research, clinical guidelines, and public health policies. Social and behavioral history information in the public health domain, specifically large public health surveys, has not been well described. In this study, a content analysis was performed and information model constructed and contrasted with clinically-based models for each of three widely used public health surveys: BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and NHIS (National Health Interview Survey). Survey items were predominantly related to alcohol use, drug use, occupation, and tobacco use. Although the clinical social history information model was similar, public health social history demonstrated additional complexity in coding temporality, degree of exposure, and certainty. Our results give insight into ongoing efforts to integrate clinical and public health information resources for improving and measuring health. PMID:23304335

Melton, Genevieve B; Manaktala, Sharad; Sarkar, Indra Neil; Chen, Elizabeth S

2012-01-01

259

Health and role functioning: the use of focus groups in the development of an item bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Role functioning is an important part of health-related quality of life. However, assessment of role functioning is complicated\\u000a by the wide definition of roles and by fluctuations in role participation across the life-span. The aim of this study is to\\u000a explore variations in role functioning across the lifespan using qualitative approaches, to inform the development of a role\\u000a functioning item

Milena D. Anatchkova; Jakob B. Bjorner

2010-01-01

260

Intellectual property and networked health information: issues and principles.  

PubMed Central

Information networks offer enormous potential for improving the delivery of health care services, facilitating health-related decision-making, and contributing to better health. In addition, advanced information technologies offer important opportunities for new markets, targeted information products and services, greater accessibility, lower costs and prices, and more rapid and efficient distribution. Realizing the full potential of those information resources requires the resolution of significant intellectual property issues, some of which may be affected by special features of health information. For example, the government is a significant funder and originator of health-related information. In addition, much of that information is of great importance to the population and benefits not only individual users, but also employers, insurance companies, the government, and society as a whole. The government must therefore continue to provide particularly important health information to the public, and facilitate that information's accessibility and reliability, while avoiding unnecessary competition with private information providers. Congress and courts must modify or interpret current copyright law as necessary to guarantee that it does not interfere with innovation in tailored health information or exceed its constitutional boundaries and restrict access to information, as opposed to expression. Both producers and users of information must work with the government to educate the public about the availability of health information and the rights of and limitations upon users under copyright law. PMID:8826629

Cate, F H

1996-01-01

261

WHO's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems: collecting essential information for policy and service delivery.  

PubMed

Information about mental health systems is essential for mental health planning to reduce the burden of neuropsychiatric disorders. Unfortunately, many low- and middle-income countries lack systematic information on their mental health systems. The objectives, scope, structure, and contents of mental health assessment and monitoring instruments commonly used in high-income countries may not be appropriate for use in middle- and low-income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently developed the WHO Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS), a comprehensive assessment tool for mental health systems designed for middle- and low-income countries. WHO-AIMS was developed through an iterative process that included input from in-country and international experts on the clarity, content, validity, and feasibility of the instrument, as well as a pilot trial. The resulting instrument, WHO-AIMS 2.2, consists of six domains: policy and legislative framework, mental health services, mental health in primary care, human resources, public information and links with other sectors, and monitoring and research. These domains address the ten recommendations of the World Health Report 2001 through 28 facets and 155 items. All six domains need to be assessed to form a basic, yet broad, picture of a mental health system, with a focus on health sector activities. WHO-AIMS provides essential information for mental health policy and service delivery. Countries will be able to develop information-based mental health policy and plans with clear baseline information and targets. Moreover, they will be able to monitor progress in implementing reform policies, providing community services, and involving consumers, families, and other stakeholders in mental health promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation. This article provides an overview of the rationale, development process, and potential uses and benefits of WHO-AIMS. PMID:17535942

Saxena, Shekhar; Lora, Antonio; van Ommeren, Mark; Barrett, Thomas; Morris, Jodi; Saraceno, Benedetto

2007-06-01

262

Development of the behaviorally focused fruits & Veggies--More Matters public health initiative.  

PubMed

Due to changing recommendations for fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake, public health and private organizations recognized the need to revise communications and programs that promote F/V consumption. This article describes formative research conducted in 2005 to develop a new identity for the 5 A Day Program, updated to the Fruits & Veggies--More Matters program. The objective was to re-brand the 5 A Day Program's campaign message to be adaptable, sustainable, and compelling, while leveraging the program's existing message dissemination infrastructure. Formative research included interviews with representatives from government, nonprofit organizations, and industry, and consumer perspectives from interviews, focus groups, and an online survey. Public health and private organizations agreed that a compelling emotional benefit was needed to motivate consumers to eat more F/V and that messaging needed to be used consistently among national, state, and local programs. Interviews and focus groups targeted mothers who believed they and their families were getting enough F/V, knew they could eat more, but needed to be convinced why they should do so. The most effective messages appealed to mothers' emotional needs to be responsible, leveraged functional intrinsic values of F/V, did not try to quantify "enough," and focused on small steps. When the Fruits & Veggies-More Matters slogan and graphic were viewed together, the majority (62%) said it increased their interest in eating more F/V. The Fruits & Veggies-More Matters brand offers numerous opportunities for promoting F/V consumption through this public health initiative. PMID:21963025

Pivonka, Elizabeth; Seymour, Jennifer; McKenna, Jeff; Baxter, Suzanne Domel; Williams, Simon

2011-10-01

263

Maternal health issues and cardio-metabolic outcomes in the offspring: a focus on Indigenous populations.  

PubMed

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease are the leading causes of death worldwide. Indigenous populations are disproportionally affected. In an effort to halt the increasing disease burden, the mechanisms underlying the increasing rate of NCDs are an important area of study. Recent evidence has focused on the perinatal period as an influential period impacting the future cardio-metabolic health of the offspring. This concept has been defined as metabolic foetal programming and supports the importance of the developmental origins of health and disease in research and clinical practice, specifically in prevention efforts to protect future generations from NCDs. An understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved is not clear as of yet. However, an understanding of these mechanisms is imperative in order to plan effective intervention strategies. As much of the discussion below is gleaned from large epidemiological studies and animal studies, further research with prospective cohorts is necessary. PMID:25238683

Wicklow, Brandy A; Sellers, Elizabeth A C

2015-01-01

264

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR HEALTH INSURANCE AND OTHER INSURANCE BENEFITS  

E-print Network

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR HEALTH INSURANCE AND OTHER INSURANCE BENEFITS Don't forget to sign up for health insurance in your first 30 days of employment! This information is for new Graduate Teaching, Program or Project Assistants eligible for health coverage and other insurance plans. As a newly

Saldin, Dilano

265

Internet Use for Health Information among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of the Internet to retrieve health information is increasingly common. The authors surveyed 743 undergraduate students at 2 academic institutions to examine their Internet use, health-seeking behaviors, and attitudes related to the use of the Internet to obtain health information. Fifty-three percent of the respondents indicated that they…

Escoffery, Cam; Miner, Kathleen R.; Adame, Daniel D.; Butler, Susan; McCormick, Laura; Mendell, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

266

Completely Isolated? Health Information Seeking among Social Isolates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better target messages it is important to determine where people seek their health information. Interpersonal networks are a common way most people gather health information, but some people have limited networks. Using data from the 2004 General Social Survey (N = 984), we compared social isolates and nonisolates in their health

Askelson, Natoshia M.; Campo, Shelly; Carter, Knute D.

2011-01-01

267

Focusing National Institutes of Health HIV/AIDS Research for Maximum Population Impact.  

PubMed

Progress in advancing research on the pathophysiology, prevention, treatment, and impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is threatened by the decaying purchasing power of National Institutes of Health (NIH) dollars. A working group of the NIH Office of AIDS Research Advisory Council was charged by the NIH Director with developing a focused and concise blueprint to guide the use of limited funding over the next few years. Science priorities outlined by the working group and reported here are intended to maximally address individuals, groups, and settings most affected by the epidemic, and to redress shortcomings in realizing population-level HIV prevention, treatment, and eradication goals. Optimizing these priorities requires that traditional silos-defined by topic focus and by scientific discipline-be dissolved and that structural issues affecting the pipeline of new investigators and the ability of the Office of AIDS Research to fulfill its role of steward of the NIH HIV/AIDS research program be directly addressed. PMID:25422391

Walensky, Rochelle P; Auerbach, Judith D

2015-03-15

268

Substantial health and economic returns from delayed aging may warrant a new focus for medical research.  

PubMed

Recent scientific advances suggest that slowing the aging process (senescence) is now a realistic goal. Yet most medical research remains focused on combating individual diseases. Using the Future Elderly Model--a microsimulation of the future health and spending of older Americans--we compared optimistic "disease specific" scenarios with a hypothetical "delayed aging" scenario in terms of the scenarios' impact on longevity, disability, and major entitlement program costs. Delayed aging could increase life expectancy by an additional 2.2 years, most of which would be spent in good health. The economic value of delayed aging is estimated to be $7.1 trillion over fifty years. In contrast, addressing heart disease and cancer separately would yield diminishing improvements in health and longevity by 2060--mainly due to competing risks. Delayed aging would greatly increase entitlement outlays, especially for Social Security. However, these changes could be offset by increasing the Medicare eligibility age and the normal retirement age for Social Security. Overall, greater investment in research to delay aging appears to be a highly efficient way to forestall disease, extend healthy life, and improve public health. PMID:24101058

Goldman, Dana P; Cutler, David; Rowe, John W; Michaud, Pierre-Carl; Sullivan, Jeffrey; Peneva, Desi; Olshansky, S Jay

2013-10-01

269

Exploring eHealth Ethics and Multi-Morbidity: Protocol for an Interview and Focus Group Study of Patient and Health Care Provider Views and Experiences of Using Digital Media for Health Purposes  

PubMed Central

Background eHealth is a broad term referring to the application of information and communication technologies in the health sector, ranging from health records to medical consultations (telemedicine) and multiple forms of health education, support, and tools. By providing increased and anytime access to information, opportunities to exchange experiences with others, and self-management support, eHealth has been heralded as transformational. It has the potential to accelerate the shift from traditional "passive patient" to an informed, engaged, and empowered "patient as partner," equipped to take part in shared decision-making, and take personal responsibility for self-managing their illness. Objective The objective of our study is to examine how people with chronic illness use eHealth in their daily lives, how it affects patient-provider relationships, and the ethical and practical ramifications for patients, providers, and service delivery. Methods This two-phase qualitative study is ongoing. We will purposively sample 60-70 participants in British Columbia, Canada. To be eligible, patient participants have to have arthritis and at least one other chronic health condition; health care providers (HCPs) need a caseload of patients with multi-morbidity (>25%). To date we have recruited 36 participants (18 patients, 18 HCPs). The participants attended 7 focus groups (FGs), 4 with patients and 3 with rehabilitation professionals and physicians. We interviewed 4 HCPs who were unable to attend a FG. In phase 2, we will build on FG findings and conduct 20-24 interviews with equal numbers of patients and HCPs (rehabilitation professionals and physicians). As in the FGs conducted in phase I, the interviews will use a semistructured, but flexible, discussion guide. All discussions are being audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Constant comparisons and a narrative approach guides the analyses. A relational ethics conceptual lens is being applied to the data to identify emergent ethical issues. Results This study explores ethical issues in eHealth. Our goal is to identify the role of eHealth in the lives of people with multiple chronic health conditions and to explore how eHealth impacts the patient role, self-managing, and the patient-HCP relationship. The ethical lens facilitates a systematic critical analysis of emergent ethical issues for further investigation and pinpoints areas of practice that require interventions as eHealth develops and use increases both within and outside of the clinical setting. Conclusions The potential benefits and burdens of eHealth need to be identified before an ethical framework can be devised. PMID:24135260

Adam, Paul; Li, Linda C; McDonald, Michael; Backman, Catherine L

2013-01-01

270

Informal settlements and a relational view of health in Nairobi, Kenya: sanitation, gender and dignity.  

PubMed

On an urban planet, slums or informal settlements present an increasing challenge for health promotion. The living conditions in complex informal settlements interact with how people navigate through their daily lives and political institutions to shape health inequities. In this article, we suggest that only a relational place-based characterization of informal settlements can accurately capture the forces contributing to existing urban health inequities and inform appropriate and effective health promotion interventions. We explore our relational framework using household survey, spatial mapping and qualitative focus group data gathered in partnership with residents and non-governmental organizations in the Mathare informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. All data interpretation included participation with local residents and organizations. We focus on the inter-relationships between inadequate sanitation and disease, social, economic and human rights for women and girls, who we show are most vulnerable from poor slum infrastructure. We suggest that this collaborative process results in co-produced insights about the meanings and relationships between infrastructure, security, resilience and health. We conclude that complex informal settlements require relational and context-specific data gathering and analyses to understand the multiple determinants of health and to inform appropriate and effective healthy city interventions. PMID:25421267

Corburn, Jason; Karanja, Irene

2014-11-24

271

Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

272

Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

273

Health information exchange, system size and information silos.  

PubMed

There are many technology platforms that bring benefits only when users share data. In healthcare, this is a key policy issue, because of the potential cost savings and quality improvements from 'big data' in the form of sharing electronic patient data across medical providers. Indeed, one criterion used for federal subsidies for healthcare information technology is whether the software has the capability to share data. We find empirically that larger hospital systems are more likely to exchange electronic patient information internally, but are less likely to exchange patient information externally with other hospitals. This pattern is driven by instances where there may be a commercial cost to sharing data with other hospitals. Our results suggest that the common strategy of using 'marquee' large users to kick-start a platform technology has an important drawback of potentially creating information silos. This suggests that federal subsidies for health data technologies based on 'meaningful use' criteria, that are based simply on the capability to share data rather than actual sharing of data, may be misplaced. PMID:24246484

Miller, Amalia R; Tucker, Catherine

2014-01-01

274

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources  

E-print Network

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources: An Introductory Tour Gurpreet K. Rana, MLIS Global Health Coordinator Taubman Health Sciences Library preet@umich.edu #12;· establishing long-term goals and effective strategies to meet global health objectives · developing partnerships

Eustice, Ryan

275

Addressing the health information needs of rural Missouri health care providers: an IAIMS assistant experience.  

PubMed

A one-year internship at the University of Missouri-Columbia offered an opportunity for a health sciences librarian to contribute to Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS) activities and take information management ideas back home. The IAIMS Assistant addressed information access issues. The Assistant helped to develop and administer a "Rural Provider Questionnaire" to assess the information needs of rural Missouri health care providers. The Health Sciences Library developed a Web page to bring together services and information resources in response to the perceived needs of health care providers associated with the Health Sciences Center. The article discusses the librarians' role in IAIMS initiatives. PMID:10177168

Sidwell, J L

1998-01-01

276

The role of the medical school-based consumer health information service.  

PubMed Central

Historically, medical information has been provided to patients at the physician's discretion. Although this method never has been wholly satisfactory, the trend toward bureaucratic organization of medical care, characterized by impersonal patient encounters and prompted by increased emphasis on cost controls, has restricted patient information even further. Yet, at the same time, the upsurge in consumer power has created patient demand for more health information. Consumers feel they have a right to expect help in obtaining information so they can make informed decisions with respect to their medical care. This paper focuses on the medical school-based consumer health service in this context. In particular, it calls attention to the medical school library as the foundation for expanded health information resources, pointing to the tools of information retrieval, as well as the substantive information contained in the medical, nursing, and allied health literature. In this setting, the consumer health librarian is called upon to act as a mediator in providing quality-filtered information to the patron, while at the same time remaining within the confines of professional expertise as a librarian. Important sources of health information are highlighted, particularly online databases, drug indexes, therapeutic texts, and physician specialist directories. PMID:8136760

La Rocco, A

1994-01-01

277

Women's health nursing in the context of the National Health Information Infrastructure.  

PubMed

Nurses must be prepared to participate in the evolving National Health Information Infrastructure and the changes that will consequently occur in health care practice and documentation. Informatics technologies will be used to develop electronic health records with integrated decision support features that will likely lead to enhanced health care quality and safety. This paper provides a summary of the National Health Information Infrastructure and highlights electronic health records and decision support systems within the context of evidence-based practice. Activities at the Columbia University School of Nursing designed to prepare nurses with the necessary informatics competencies to practice in a National Health Information Infrastructure-enabled health care system are described. Data are presented from electronic (personal digital assistant) encounter logs used in our Women's Health Nurse Practitioner program to support evidence-based advanced practice nursing care. Implications for nursing practice, education, and research in the evolving National Health Information Infrastructure are discussed. PMID:16466364

Jenkins, Melinda L; Hewitt, Caroline; Bakken, Suzanne

2006-01-01

278

Health Problems with the Use of Information Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid and correct performance of computers, when accompanied by human skills, will lead to greater gains in productivity. This study focuses on the possible risks of computer use in terms of human health, rather than on the countless beneficial effects of its use on the issue of health. Health problems caused by inappropriate or inadequate use…

Gunduz, Semseddin

2007-01-01

279

Information management in civil engineering infrastructural development: with focus on geological and geotechnical information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In civil engineering infrastructural projects, information exchange and (re-) use in and between involved parties is difficult. This is mainly caused by a lack of information harmonization. Various specialists are working together on the development of an infrastructural project and are all using their own specific software and definitions for the various information types. The variety of information types adds

W. Tegtmeier; S. Zlatanova; P. J. M. Van Oosterom; H. R. G. K. Hack

2009-01-01

280

Using information technology to exchange health information among healthcare providers : measuring usage and understanding value  

E-print Network

Health information exchange (HIE) - the electronic exchange of health information among healthcare institutions - has been projected to hold enormous promise as an antidote to the fragmented healthcare delivery system in ...

Rudin, Robert (Robert Samuel)

2011-01-01

281

Participatory Design of an Integrated Information System Design to Support Public Health Nurses and Nurse Managers  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objectives of the study were to use persona-driven and scenario-based design methods to create a conceptual information system design to support public health nursing. Design and Sample We enrolled 19 participants from two local health departments to conduct an information needs assessment, create a conceptual design, and conduct a preliminary design validation. Measures Interviews and thematic analysis were used to characterize information needs and solicit design recommendations from participants. Personas were constructed from participant background information, and scenario-based design was used to create a conceptual information system design. Two focus groups were conducted as a first iteration validation of information needs, personas, and scenarios. Results Eighty-nine information needs were identified. Two personas and 89 scenarios were created. Public health nurses and nurse managers confirmed the accuracy of information needs, personas, scenarios, and the perceived usefulness of proposed features of the conceptual design. Design artifacts were modified based on focus group results. Conclusion Persona-driven design and scenario-based design are feasible methods to design for common work activities in different local health departments. Public health nurses and nurse managers should be engaged in the design of systems that support their work. PMID:24117760

Reeder, Blaine; Hills, Rebecca A.; Turner, Anne M.; Demiris, George

2014-01-01

282

National Library of Medicine Guide to Finding Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Questions including pill identification, lab test results, directories, codes, statistics, and more. MedlinePlus ® information on hundreds of diseases, conditions, drugs, health topics, and directories. PubMed ® to search MEDLINE ® for citations to professional ...

283

Information technologies to improve public health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

This systematic review examines a total of eighteen studies on the use of health information technologies to improve public health. Health information technologies are tools that allow for the management of health information in computerized systems. Health information technology, including electronic health records, computers/emails, social media, and cellphones/text messaging are becoming widespread and readily accessible to populations around the globe. In this review, the use of these technologies and interventions are discussed and evaluated for their potential to improve public health. This review found some good-quality evidence on the use of electronic health records and little good-quality evidence on the use of email, social media, cell phones and text messaging to improve healthcare, illustrating the need for further study in these areas. PMID:25676984

Manhas, Melissa; Kuo, Mu-Hsing

2015-01-01

284

Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009  

MedlinePLUS

... no insurance coverage ( Figure 6 ). Summary Sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors were associated with adults who had used the Internet to look up health information. Greater use of the Internet for health ...

285

Health Information in Portuguese (português): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Newborn Care Coping with Your Baby's Crying Como lidar com o choro do bebê - português (Portuguese) Bilingual ... Health Information Translations Stress Coping with Stress Como lidar com o estresse - português (Portuguese) Bilingual PDF Health ...

286

Information Age, Electronic Health Record and Australia Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of the Internet has impacted the health information and the healthcare industry. The information revolution has reduced the distance between the healthcare providers and consumers. It permits easy dissemination of information and fast accessibility of data. Because of easy accessibility, privacy and confidentiality has become an important issue to be considered in the implementation of electronic health record

Khin Than Win; Joan Cooper

287

Satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town, Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia; a facility based cross-sectional study triangulated with qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Client satisfaction is essential for further improvement of quality of focused antenatal care and to provide uniform health care services for pregnant women. However, studies on level of client satisfaction with focused antenatal care and associated factors are lacking. So, the purpose of this study is to assess satisfaction with focused antenatal care service and associated factors among pregnant women attending focused antenatal care at health centers in Jimma town. Methods A facility based cross-sectional study involving both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection was used from Feb 1-30/2013. Three hundred eighty nine pregnant women those come to the health centers were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussion guide was employed to obtain the necessary information for this study. Quantitative data was analysed using SPSS for windows version 16.0. Logistic regression model was used to compare level of satisfaction by predictors’ variables. Qualitative data was analyzed based on thematic frameworks to support the quantitative results. Result More than half of the respondents (60.4%) were satisfied with the service that they received. As to specific components, most of the respondents (80.7%) were satisfied with interpersonal aspects, and 62.2% were satisfied with organization of health care aspect. Meanwhile, 49.9% of the respondents were not satisfied with technical quality aspect and 67.1% were not satisfied with physical environment aspect. Multivariate logistic regression analysis result showed that type of health center, educational status of mother, monthly income of the family, type of pregnancy and history of stillbirth were the predictors of the level of satisfaction. The study found out that dissatisfaction was high in mothers utilizing service at Jimma health center, in mothers with tertiary educational level, in mothers with average monthly family income >1000birr, in mothers with unplanned pregnancy and in mothers with history of stillbirth. Conclusions Even though greater percentages of women (60.4%) were satisfied with the focused antenatal care service, the level of satisfaction was lower compared to other studies. The investigator recommends that patient feedback should be recognized as a legitimate method of evaluating health services in the health center as a whole. PMID:24646407

2014-01-01

288

The Combined Health Information Database (CHD) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this unified database of bibliographic records has been available to the public since 1985, and now sports a clean new interface. There are sixteen separately maintained databases that can be searched individually or at once, ranging from AIDS Education and Alzheimers Disease to Cancer Prevention and Weight Control. The simple search interface offers a single box into which keywords are entered. The detailed search interface allows the user to specify date of publication, media type, and language, and provides multiple query boxes that may be linked together by Boolean operators. Searches return lists of matches, from which individual bibliographic records (including abstracts) may be viewed. Reprint ordering procedures are also listed. Users may also browse information on the scope and coverage of each of the sixteen databases.

1997-01-01

289

Optimizing the efficacy of multimedia consumer health information.  

PubMed

Using two or more communication methods (e.g., text, narration, pictures, animation, video) is known as multimedia. Multimedia has been used in a broad range of domains. Not surprisingly, multimedia is gaining popularity in the field of consumer health information as its benefits are being recognized. However, there is a large body of evidence in the cognitive literature that could be used to inform and optimize multimedia presentation of consumer health information. This paper outlines the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML) and presents the application of this model for consumer health informatics. The CTML is a valuable resource for the development and revision of consumer health information to optimize its efficacy. Current research on multimedia and consumer health information is described. Finally, the outstanding opportunities to leverage the CTML for consumer health information are discussed. PMID:25676989

Monkman, Helen; Kushniruk, Andre W

2015-01-01

290

Consumer Health Informatics: Health Information Technology for Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains consumer health informatics and describes the technology advances, the computer programs that are currently available, and the basic research that addresses both the effectiveness of computer health informatics and its impact on the future direction of health care. Highlights include commercial computer products for consumers and…

Jimison, Holly Brugge; Sher, Paul Phillip

1995-01-01

291

Developing population interventions with migrant women for maternal-child health: a focused ethnography  

PubMed Central

Background Literature describing effective population interventions related to the pregnancy, birth, and post-birth care of international migrants, as defined by them, is scant. Hence, we sought to determine: 1) what processes are used by migrant women to respond to maternal-child health and psychosocial concerns during the early months and years after birth; 2) which of these enhance or impede their resiliency; and 3) which population interventions they suggest best respond to these concerns. Methods Sixteen international migrant women living in Montreal or Toronto who had been identified in a previous study as having a high psychosocial-risk profile and subsequently classified as vulnerable or resilient based on indicators of mental health were recruited. Focused ethnography including in-depth interviews and participant observations were conducted. Data were analyzed thematically and as an integrated whole. Results Migrant women drew on a wide range of coping strategies and resources to respond to maternal-child health and psychosocial concerns. Resilient and vulnerable mothers differed in their use of certain coping strategies. Social inclusion was identified as an overarching factor for enhancing resiliency by all study participants. Social processes and corresponding facilitators relating to social inclusion were identified by participants, with more social processes identified by the vulnerable group. Several interventions related to services were described which varied in type and quality; these were generally found to be effective. Participants identified several categories of interventions which they had used or would have liked to use and recommended improvements for and creation of some programs. The social determinants of health categories within which their suggestions fell included: income and social status, social support network, education, personal health practices and coping skills, healthy child development, and health services. Within each of these, the most common suggestions were related to creating supportive environments and building healthy public policy. Conclusions A wealth of data was provided by participants on factors and processes related to the maternal-child health care of international migrants and associated population interventions. Our results offer a challenge to key stakeholders to improve existing interventions and create new ones based on the experiences and views of international migrant women themselves. PMID:23672838

2013-01-01

292

Functional Status and Health Information in Canada: Proposals and Prospects  

PubMed Central

The primary obstacle to evidence-based health care quality assessment in Canada is reliable data on health encounters and episodes of care. The recent Federal/Provincial Health Accord will enhance health data collection, including standardized functional status information (FSI) for administrative records. Canadian health policy developers also agree that FSI is needed to bridge data gaps since alterations in functional status create the continuity that links all episodes of care and health service utilization. Given Canada's universal, single-payer, health financing structure, the prospects for coherent and systemwide data collection are good. This article describes the Canadian health care from the perspective of health information, and surveys proposals in electronic health technology development, the obstacles that need to be faced, and the prospects of doing so. PMID:12894637

Bickenbach, Jerome E.

2003-01-01

293

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and  

E-print Network

of health literacy--defined by the Institute of Medicine as ``the degree to which individuals haveLay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information.3163/1536-5050.96.4.006 Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information

Washington at Seattle, University of

294

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County: collaboration in consumer health information service.  

PubMed

Health InfoNet of Jefferson County is a new collaborative consumer health information service of the Jefferson County public libraries and the UAB Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences. Working with the input and cooperation of local voluntary health agencies, health care professionals and other health information providers, the intent is to improve the efficiency with which consumers might access such information while avoiding duplication of effort on the part of the information providers. Various considerations in InfoNet's mission include providing service not only to established library and Internet users, but also those on the other side of the "digital divide" as well as those with low literacy skills or English as a second language. The role of health care professionals in guiding their patients to the best consumer health information resources is emphasized. PMID:11757392

Smith, K H

2001-01-01

295

A Parent-Focused Intervention to Increase Parent Health Literacy and Healthy Lifestyle Choices for Young Children and Families.  

E-print Network

on the health knowledge provided in the intervention. Specifically, the intervention focused on diet/nutrition, physical activity, sleep hygiene, parenting skills, and mental wellness. The intervention was successful at improving diet/nutrition knowledge...

Fleary, Sasha

2012-07-16

296

Taking Up Space? How Customers React to Health Information and Health Icons on Restaurant Menus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eating out at restaurants has been identified as a major contributor to the epidemic of obesity in America. Prior quantitative research has demonstrated that health information on menus leads to healthier food choices, but not enough is known about the decision-making process behind these choices. Further insight into what happens when health information or health icons are included on menus

Cathleen S. Jones

2009-01-01

297

Leveraging Health Information Exchange to Improve Population Health Reporting Processes: Lessons in Using a Collaborative-Participatory Design Process  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Surveillance, or the systematic monitoring of disease within a population, is a cornerstone function of public health. Despite significant investment in information technologies (IT) to improve the public’s health, health care providers continue to rely on manual, spontaneous reporting processes that can result in incomplete and delayed surveillance activities. Background: Participatory design principles advocate including real users and stakeholders when designing an information system to ensure high ecological validity of the product, incorporate relevance and context into the design, reduce misconceptions designers can make due to insufficient domain expertise, and ultimately reduce barriers to adoption of the system. This paper focuses on the collaborative and informal participatory design process used to develop enhanced, IT-enabled reporting processes that leverage available electronic health records in a health information exchange to prepopulate notifiable-conditions report forms used by public health authorities. Methods: Over nine months, public health stakeholders, technical staff, and informatics researchers were engaged in a multiphase participatory design process that included public health stakeholder focus groups, investigator-engineering team meetings, public health survey and census regarding high-priority data elements, and codesign of exploratory prototypes and final form mock-ups. Findings: A number of state-mandated report fields that are not highly used or desirable for disease investigation were eliminated, which allowed engineers to repurpose form space for desired and high-priority data elements and improve the usability of the forms. Our participatory design process ensured that IT development was driven by end user expertise and needs, resulting in significant improvements to the layout and functionality of the reporting forms. Discussion: In addition to informing report form development, engaging with public health end users and stakeholders through the participatory design process provided new insights into public health workflow and allowed the team to quickly triage user requests while managing user expectations within the realm of engineering possibilities. Conclusion: Engaging public health, engineering staff, and investigators in a shared codesigning process ensured that the new forms will not only meet real-life needs but will also support development of a product that will be adopted and, ultimately, improve communicable and infectious disease reporting by clinicians to public health.

Revere, Debra; Dixon, Brian E.; Hills, Rebecca; Williams, Jennifer L.; Grannis, Shaun J.

2014-01-01

298

Tribal connections health information outreach: results, evaluation, and challenges  

PubMed Central

In 1997, the National Library of Medicine (NLM), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), initiated a program of intensified outreach to Native Americans, initially focusing on the Pacific Northwest in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Regional Medical Library (PNRML). This initiative, known as the Tribal Connections Project, emphasized the establishment or strengthening of Internet connections at select Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and related needs assessment and training. The hope was that these efforts would improve tribal access to health information available via the Internet and the Web. Phase I included sixteen tribal sites—eight in Washington, four in Alaska, two in Montana, and one each in Oregon and Idaho. Phase I results indicate that the project was successful in assessing local needs and building awareness of the Internet, forging new partnerships with and between the participating Indian reservations and Alaska Native villages and other organizations, making real improvements in the information technology (IT) infrastructure and Internet connectivity at fifteen of sixteen sites, and conducting training sessions with several hundred tribal participants across thirteen sites. Most importantly, the project demonstrated the key role of tribal community involvement and empowerment and contributed to development of an outreach evaluation field manual and the evolving concept of community-based outreach. The knowledge gained from Tribal Connections Project Phase I is helping refine and enhance subsequent NLM-sponsored tribal connections and similar community outreach efforts. PMID:12568158

Wood, Fred B.; Sahali, Roy; Press, Nancy; Burroughs, Catherine; Mala, Theodore A.; Siegel, Elliot R.; Fuller, Sherrilynne S.; Rambo, Neil

2003-01-01

299

Impact and User Satisfaction of a Clinical Information Portal Embedded in an Electronic Health Record  

PubMed Central

In 2008, a clinical information tool was developed and embedded in the electronic health record system of an academic medical center. In 2009, the initial information tool, Clinical-e, was superseded by a portal called Clinical Focus, with a single search box enabling a federated search of selected online information resources. To measure the usefulness and impact of Clinical Focus, a survey was used to gather feedback about users' experience with this clinical resource. The survey determined what type of clinicians were using this tool and assessed user satisfaction and perceived impact on patient care decision making. Initial survey results suggest the majority of respondents found Clinical Focus easy to navigate, the content easy to read, and the retrieved information relevant and complete. The majority would recommend Clinical Focus to their colleagues. Results indicate that this tool is a promising area for future development. PMID:22016670

Tannery, Nancy H; Epstein, Barbara A; Wessel, Charles B; Yarger, Frances; LaDue, John; Klem, Mary Lou

2011-01-01

300

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2012-10-01

301

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2014-10-01

302

MSU-Sponsored Health Insurance General Information Instructions for Waiving Health Insurance Fee  

E-print Network

MSU-Sponsored Health Insurance General Information and Instructions for Waiving Health Insurance plan should be directed to the Student Insurance Office in the Student Health Service, Room 104 Swingle-line access to elect or waive insurance must contact the Student Insurance Office. Student health insurance

Dratz, Edward A.

303

Developing Data Elements for Research Information System in Health; a Starting Point for Systems Integration  

PubMed Central

Background: This study defines necessary data elements required for the research information system in the domain of health, and its level of accountability to national health research indicators from the experts’ perspective is being explored. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on comparative approach using the focus group method. Data were collected through 6 semi-structured group discussions held at the Undersecretary for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran. For this study, 48 researchers were selected for the group discussions. All interviews and group discussions were recorded and transcribed. The Data analysis was performed simultaneously using Strauss and Corbin method. Results: Based on content analysis, the necessary data elements identified for the National Health Research Information System designed for all databases were the following: organizations, researchers, journals, articles, research projects and dissertations. Also, extracted from the focus group discussion were three main themes regarding data elements of these databases for the National Health Research Information System: 1) essential elements for each database 2) the system’s data elements accountability to the national indicators in the domain of health research and 3) recommendations in the direction of optimizing the data. Conclusions: The results obtained from this study can serve as a valuable source in designing research information system in the domain of health within the country and in the region as well. PMID:23641388

Ghorbani, NR; Ahmadi, M; Sadoughi, F; Ghanei, M

2012-01-01

304

Building capacity for evidence informed decision making in public health: a case study of organizational change  

PubMed Central

Background Core competencies for public health in Canada require proficiency in evidence informed decision making (EIDM). However, decision makers often lack access to information, many workers lack knowledge and skills to conduct systematic literature reviews, and public health settings typically lack infrastructure to support EIDM activities. This research was conducted to explore and describe critical factors and dynamics in the early implementation of one public health unit's strategic initiative to develop capacity to make EIDM standard practice. Methods This qualitative case study was conducted in one public health unit in Ontario, Canada between 2008 and 2010. In-depth information was gathered from two sets of semi-structured interviews and focus groups (n = 27) with 70 members of the health unit, and through a review of 137 documents. Thematic analysis was used to code the key informant and document data. Results The critical factors and dynamics for building EIDM capacity at an organizational level included: clear vision and strong leadership, workforce and skills development, ability to access research (library services), fiscal investments, acquisition and development of technological resources, a knowledge management strategy, effective communication, a receptive organizational culture, and a focus on change management. Conclusion With leadership, planning, commitment and substantial investments, a public health department has made significant progress, within the first two years of a 10-year initiative, towards achieving its goal of becoming an evidence informed decision making organization. PMID:22348688

2012-01-01

305

Exploring the Far Side of Mobile Health: Information Security and Privacy of Mobile Health Apps on iOS and Android  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile health (mHealth) apps aim at providing seamless access to tailored health information technology and have the potential to alleviate global health burdens. Yet, they bear risks to information security and privacy because users need to reveal private, sensitive medical information to redeem certain benefits. Due to the plethora and diversity of available mHealth apps, implications for information security and privacy are unclear and complex. Objective The objective of this study was to establish an overview of mHealth apps offered on iOS and Android with a special focus on potential damage to users through information security and privacy infringements. Methods We assessed apps available in English and offered in the categories “Medical” and “Health & Fitness” in the iOS and Android App Stores. Based on the information retrievable from the app stores, we established an overview of available mHealth apps, tagged apps to make offered information machine-readable, and clustered the discovered apps to identify and group similar apps. Subsequently, information security and privacy implications were assessed based on health specificity of information available to apps, potential damage through information leaks, potential damage through information manipulation, potential damage through information loss, and potential value of information to third parties. Results We discovered 24,405 health-related apps (iOS; 21,953; Android; 2452). Absence or scarceness of ratings for 81.36% (17,860/21,953) of iOS and 76.14% (1867/2452) of Android apps indicates that less than a quarter of mHealth apps are in more or less widespread use. Clustering resulted in 245 distinct clusters, which were consolidated into 12 app archetypes grouping clusters with similar assessments of potential damage through information security and privacy infringements. There were 6426 apps that were excluded during clustering. The majority of apps (95.63%, 17,193/17,979; of apps) pose at least some potential damage through information security and privacy infringements. There were 11.67% (2098/17,979) of apps that scored the highest assessments of potential damages. Conclusions Various kinds of mHealth apps collect and offer critical, sensitive, private medical information, calling for a special focus on information security and privacy of mHealth apps. In order to foster user acceptance and trust, appropriate security measures and processes need to be devised and employed so that users can benefit from seamlessly accessible, tailored mHealth apps without exposing themselves to the serious repercussions of information security and privacy infringements. PMID:25599627

Dehling, Tobias; Gao, Fangjian; Schneider, Stephan

2015-01-01

306

45 CFR 170.553 - Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2012-10-01

307

45 CFR 170.553 - Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2011-10-01

308

45 CFR 170.553 - Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules...Health and Human Services HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2014-10-01

309

45 CFR 170.553 - Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Certification of health information technology other than Complete EHRs and EHR Modules...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2013-10-01

310

Pilot Study in the Development of an Interactive Multimedia Learning Environment for Sexual Health Interventions: A Focus Group Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK there are high rates of sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies amongst young people. There is limited and contradictory evidence that current sexual health education interventions are effective or that they improve access to appropriate sexual health services. This paper describes the outcome of focus group work with…

Goold, P. C.; Bustard, S.; Ferguson, E.; Carlin, E. M.; Neal, K.; Bowman, C. A.

2006-01-01

311

Trop Med Int Health. Author manuscript Implementing family-focused HIV care and treatment: the first 2 years'  

E-print Network

Trop Med Int Health. Author manuscript Page /1 10 Implementing family-focused HIV care and Treatment Programs4 Columbia University, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health,, New York by their mothers (excluding the last newborn infants of the most recent pregnancy systematically screened for HIV

Boyer, Edmond

312

Mental health services for children and youth in the child welfare system: A focus on caregivers as gatekeepers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caregivers serve as gatekeepers for children while in the child welfare system, but few studies have focused on the caregiver and the factors that influence the use of mental health services for the children under their care. The purpose of this study was to examine the child's mental health need, the caregiver's level of stress, depression, and social support, and

Margarita Villagrana

2010-01-01

313

75 FR 3906 - Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection: Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Indian Health...Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey.'' Type of Information...Indian Health Service Customer Satisfaction Survey.''...

2010-01-25

314

Evaluating a Web-Based Health Risk Assessment With Tailored Feedback: What Does an Expert Focus Group Yield Compared to a Web-Based End-User Survey?  

PubMed Central

Background Increasingly, Web-based health applications are developed for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. However, their reach and utilization is often disappointing. Qualitative evaluations post-implementation can be used to inform the optimization process and ultimately enhance their adoption. In current practice, such evaluations are mainly performed with end-user surveys. However, a review approach by experts in a focus group may be easier to administer and might provide similar results. Objective The aim of this study was to assess whether industrial design engineers in a focus group would address the same issues as end users in a Web-based survey when evaluating a commercial Web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback. Methods Seven Dutch companies used the HRA as part of their corporate health management strategy. Employees using the HRA (N=2289) and 10 independent industrial designers were invited to participate in the study. The HRA consisted of four components: (1) an electronic health questionnaire, (2) biometric measurements, (3) laboratory evaluation, and (4) individually tailored feedback generated by decision support software. After participating in the HRA as end users, both end users and designers evaluated the program. End users completed an evaluation questionnaire that included a free-text field. Designers participated in a focus group discussion. Constructs from user satisfaction and technology acceptance theories were used to categorize and compare the remarks from both evaluations. Results We assessed and qualitatively analyzed 294 remarks of 189 end users and 337 remarks of 6 industrial designers, pertaining to 295 issues in total. Of those, 137 issues were addressed in the end-user survey and 148 issues in the designer focus group. Only 7.3% (10/137) of the issues addressed in the survey were also addressed in the focus group. End users made more remarks about the usefulness of the HRA and prior expectations that were not met. Designers made more remarks about how the information was presented to end users, quality of the feedback provided by the HRA, recommendations on the marketing and on how to create more unity in the design of the HRA, and on how to improve the HRA based on these issues. Conclusions End-user surveys should not be substituted for expert focus groups. Issues identified by end users in the survey and designers in the focus group differed considerably, and the focus group produced a lot of new issues. The issues addressed in the focus group often focused on different aspects of user satisfaction and technology acceptance than those addressed by the survey participants; when they did focus on the same aspects, then the nature of issues differed considerably in content. PMID:24384408

Vosbergen, Sandra; Mahieu, Guy R; Laan, Eva K; Kraaijenhagen, Roderik A; Jaspers, Monique WM

2014-01-01

315

Focus Groups Move Online: Feasibility of Tumblr Use for eHealth Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Background Constructing successful online programs requires engaging potential users in development. However, assembling focus groups can be costly and time consuming. Objective The aim of this study is to assess whether Tumblr can be used to prioritize activities for an online younger worker risk reduction and health promotion program. Methods Younger summer parks and recreation employees were encouraged to visit Tumblr using weekly announcements and competitions. Each week, new activities were posted on Tumblr with linked survey questions. Responses were downloaded and analyzed. Results An average of 36 young workers rated each activity on its likeability and perceived educational value. The method was feasible, efficient, and sustainable across the summer weeks. Ratings indicated significant differences in likeability among activities (P<.005). Conclusions Tumblr is a means to crowdsource formative feedback on potential curricular components when assembling an online intervention. This paper describes its initial use as well as suggestions for future refinements. PMID:25831197

Rohlman, Diane; Parish, Megan

2015-01-01

316

All Authorizations for Use and Disclosure of Personal Health Information Forms must be completed and submitted to the Health Information Management Office at  

E-print Network

and submitted to the Health Information Management Office at: University Health Services Health Information in situations of medical emergency. Please contact the Health Information Management Office at 850All Authorizations for Use and Disclosure of Personal Health Information Forms must be completed

McQuade, D. Tyler

317

Health Beliefs and Practices Related to Dengue Fever: A Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

Background This qualitative study aimed to provide an in-depth understanding of the meaning of dengue fever (DF) amongst people living in a dengue endemic region, dengue prevention and treatment-seeking behaviours. The Health Belief Model was used as a framework to explore and understand dengue prevention behaviours. Methods A total of 14 focus group discussions were conducted with 84 Malaysian citizens of different socio-demographic backgrounds between 16th December, 2011 and 12th May, 2012. Results The study revealed that awareness about DF and prevention measures were high. The pathophysiology of dengue especially dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) were rarely known; as a result, it was seen as deadly by some but was also perceived as easily curable by others without a basis of understanding. Young adults and elderly participants had a low perception of susceptibility to DF. In general, the low perceived susceptibility emerged as two themes, namely a perceived natural ability to withstand infection and a low risk of being in contact with the dengue virus vector, Aedes spp. mosquitoes. The barriers to sustained self-prevention against dengue prevention that emerged in focus groups were: i) lack of self-efficacy, ii) lack of perceived benefit, iii) low perceived susceptibility, and iv) unsure perceived susceptibility. Low perceived benefit of continued dengue prevention practices was a result of lack of concerted action against dengue in their neighborhood. Traditional medical practices and home remedies were widely perceived and experienced as efficacious in treating DF. Conclusion Behavioural change towards attaining sustainability in dengue preventive practices may be enhanced by fostering comprehensive knowledge of dengue and a change in health beliefs. Wide use of unconventional therapy for DF warrants the need to enlighten the public to limit their reliance on unproven alternative treatments. PMID:23875045

Wong, Li Ping; AbuBakar, Sazaly

2013-01-01

318

Public Preferences about Secondary Uses of Electronic Health Information  

PubMed Central

Importance As health information technology grows secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about personal health data sharing are important to establish and evaluate ethical and regulatory structures for overseeing the use of these data. Objective Measure patient preferences toward sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes—uses other than their own health care.. Design In this conjoint analysis study, participants were randomized to receive 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, health care quality improvement, marketing), users (university hospital, drug company, public health department), and data sensitivity (medical history, medical history plus genetic test results). This experimental design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. Setting and Participants We surveyed 3,336 Hispanic (n=568), non-Hispanic African American (n=500), and non-Hispanic White (n=2,268) adults representing 65.1% of those from a nationally representative, online panel. Main Outcomes and Measures Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1–10 scale (1=low, 10=high). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. Results The use of data was the most important factor in the conjoint analysis (63.4% importance weight) compared to the user (32.6% importance weight) and data sensitivity (importance weight: 3.1%). In unadjusted models, marketing uses (?1.55, p<0.001), quality improvement uses (?0.51, p<0.001), drug company users (?0.80, p<0.001) and public health department users (?0.52, p<0.001) were associated with less willingness to share health information compared to research (use) and university hospitals (users). Hispanics and African-Americans discriminated less between the three uses compared to Whites. Conclusions and Relevance Participants cared most about the specific purpose for using their health information, though differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance and the sensitivity of information was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A.

2014-01-01

319

Reducing Oral Health Disparities: A Focus on Social and Cultural Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oral health is essential to the general health and well-being of individuals and the population. Yet significant oral health disparities persist in the U.S. population because of a web of influences that include complex cultural and social processes that affect both oral health and access to effective dental health care. This paper introduces an organizing framework for addressing oral health

Donald L Patrick; Rosanna Shuk Yin Lee; Michele Nucci; David Grembowski; Carol Zane Jolles; Peter Milgrom

2006-01-01

320

Perception of Quality and Trustworthiness of Internet Resources by Personal Health Information Seekers  

PubMed Central

Objectives This paper focuses on one dimension of personal health information seeking: perception of quality and trustworthiness of information sources. Design Intensive interviews were conducted using a conversational, unstructured, exploratory interview style. Setting Interviews were conducted at 3 publicly accessible library sites in Arizona, Hawaii and Nevada. Participants: Thirty-eight non-experts were interviewed. Results Three separate and distinct methods used to identify credible health information resources were identified. Consumers may have strong opinions about what they mistrust; use fairly rigorous evaluation protocols; or filter information based on intuition or common sense, eye appeal or an authoritative sounding sponsor or title. Conclusions Many people use a mix of rational and/or intuitive criteria to assess the health information they use. PMID:14728249

Stavri, P. Zoë; Freeman, Donna J.; Burroughs, Catherine M.

2003-01-01

321

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich  

E-print Network

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich Discover the Wonders. Housed within the Department of Earth Sciences the exhibition builds a bridge between scientists scientists and students. The striking architecture of the Earth Sciences' building and the exhibition tower

Gilli, Adrian

322

A Methodological Framework for Teaching, Evaluating and Informing NIME Design with a Focus on Expressiveness  

E-print Network

A Methodological Framework for Teaching, Evaluating and Informing NIME Design with a Focus on Expressiveness and Mapping Sergi Jordà Music Technology Group Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona, Spain sergi.jorda@upf.edu Sebastián Mealla C. Music Technology Group Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Barcelona, Spain sebastian

323

Unconventional natural gas development and public health: toward a community-informed research agenda  

PubMed Central

Unconventional natural gas development (UNGD) using high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) has vastly increased the potential for domestic natural gas production in recent years. However, the rapid expansion of UNGD has also raised concerns about its potential impacts on public health. Academics and government agencies are developing research programs to explore these concerns. Community involvement in activities such as planning, conducting, and communicating research is widely recognized as having an important role in promoting environmental health. Historically, however, communities most often engage in research after environmental health concerns have emerged. This community information needs assessment took a prospective approach to integrating community leaders' knowledge, perceptions, and concerns into the research agenda prior to initiation of local UNGD. We interviewed community leaders about their views on environmental health information needs in three states (New York, North Carolina, and Ohio) prior to widespread UNGD. Interviewees emphasized the cumulative, long-term, and indirect determinants of health, as opposed to specific disease outcomes. Responses focused not only on information needs, but also on communication and transparency with respect to research processes and funding. Interviewees also prioritized investigation of policy approaches to effectively protect human health over the long term. Although universities were most often cited as a credible source of information, interviewees emphasized the need for multiple strategies for disseminating information. By including community leaders' concerns, insights, and questions from the outset, the research agenda on UNGD is more likely to effectively inform decision making that ultimately protects public health. PMID:25204212

Korfmacher, Katrina Smith; Elam, Sarah; Gray, Kathleen M.; Haynes, Erin; Hughes, Megan Hoert

2015-01-01

324

Unconventional natural gas development and public health: toward a community-informed research agenda.  

PubMed

Unconventional natural gas development (UNGD) using high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") has vastly increased the potential for domestic natural gas production in recent years. However, the rapid expansion of UNGD has also raised concerns about its potential impacts on public health. Academics and government agencies are developing research programs to explore these concerns. Community involvement in activities such as planning, conducting, and communicating research is widely recognized as having an important role in promoting environmental health. Historically, however, communities most often engage in research after environmental health concerns have emerged. This community information needs assessment took a prospective approach to integrating community leaders' knowledge, perceptions, and concerns into the research agenda prior to initiation of local UNGD. We interviewed community leaders about their views on environmental health information needs in three states (New York, North Carolina, and Ohio) prior to widespread UNGD. Interviewees emphasized the cumulative, long-term, and indirect determinants of health, as opposed to specific disease outcomes. Responses focused not only on information needs, but also on communication and transparency with respect to research processes and funding. Interviewees also prioritized investigation of policy approaches to effectively protect human health over the long term. Although universities were most often cited as a credible source of information, interviewees emphasized the need for multiple strategies for disseminating information. By including community leaders' concerns, insights, and questions from the outset, the research agenda on UNGD is more likely to effectively inform decision making that ultimately protects public health. PMID:25204212

Korfmacher, Katrina Smith; Elam, Sarah; Gray, Kathleen M; Haynes, Erin; Hughes, Megan Hoert

2014-01-01

325

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PSYCHIATRISTS MENTAL HEALTH INFORMATION  

E-print Network

in pregnancy Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Personality disorders Physical illness and mental health Post Natal Depression Postpartum Psychosis: Severe mental illness after childbirth Post-traumatic Stress Learning disability and mental health Severe mental illness (psychosis) Other Leaflets Feeling Stressed

Chittka, Lars

326

High quality multi-focus image fusion using self-similarity and depth information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the limited depth of field in a camera, some imaging objects will be blurred if they are located far from the focus plane and the other objects on the plane will be clear. Multi-focus image fusion synthesizes a sharp image from multiple partially focused images. However, traditional fused images usually suffer from blurring effects and pixel distortions. In this paper, we explore two unique characteristics of multi-focus images: (1) The self-similarity of a single image and the shared similarity among multiple source images; (2) The distances from object to focal plane. The former characteristic is used to identify image structure-driven regions while the latter refine the image clarity by automatically estimating depth information of blurred images. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art fusion methods on image quality and objective fusion criteria.

Guo, Di; Yan, Jingwen; Qu, Xiaobo

2015-03-01

327

Page 1 of 2 Mental Health Services Provider Information  

E-print Network

to patients." · Mental Health Services are defined as "assessment, diagnosis, treatment or counseling, conditions or disorders." · Positions that may qualify as Mental Health Service Providers includePage 1 of 2 Mental Health Services Provider Information Section 81.003 of the Texas Civil Practice

Lichtarge, Olivier

328

Banking on Health: Personal Records and Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer demand for personal health records (PHRs) and the capabilities provided by regional health information organizations (RHIOs) will change healthcare, just as automatic teller machines have changed banking.The PHR is predicated on the existence of electronic medical records (EMRs) and electronic health records (EHRs). Patient and consumer principles guiding the development of the PHR reflect issues of access, control, privacy,

Marion J. Ball; Jonathan Gold

329

Consumer Health Information and the Demand for Medical Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an empirical investigation of consumer health information. Using a new direct measure of information, the econometric approach treats both information and physician visits as endogenous variables when estimating the demand for medical care. The results show that information increases the probability that a consumer uses medical care, but that conditional on use the quantity of care consumed

Don Kenkel

1990-01-01

330

Applications of Electronic Health Information in Public Health: Uses, Opportunities & Barriers  

PubMed Central

Electronic health information systems can reshape the practice of public health including public health surveillance, disease and injury investigation and control, decision making, quality assurance, and policy development. While these opportunities are potentially transformative, and the federal program for the Meaningful Use (MU) of electronic health records (EHRs) has included important public health components, significant barriers remain. Unlike incentives in the clinical care system, scant funding is available to public health departments to develop the necessary information infrastructure and workforce capacity to capitalize on EHRs, personal health records, or Big Data. Current EHR systems are primarily built to serve clinical systems and practice rather than being structured for public health use. In addition, there are policy issues concerning how broadly the data can be used by public health officials. As these issues are resolved and workable solutions emerge, they should yield a more efficient and effective public health system.

Tomines, Alan; Readhead, Heather; Readhead, Adam; Teutsch, Steven

2013-01-01

331

Public Health Information and a Diverse Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses public health services of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). The paper provides an overview of SPC and the Pacific Islands, including geography, nationality/culture, and development status. SPC Community Health Programmes (CHP) in the following areas are then described: environmental health; AIDS and STD (sexually…

Perkins, Mark

332

Information empowerment: predeparture resource training for students in global health*  

PubMed Central

The Taubman Health Sciences Library (THL) collaborates with health sciences schools to provide information skills instruction for students preparing for international experiences. THL enhances students' global health learning through predeparture instruction for students who are involved in global health research, clinical internships, and international collaborations. This includes teaching international literature searching skills, providing country-specific data sources, building awareness of relevant mobile resources, and encouraging investigation of international news. Information skills empower creation of stronger global partnerships. Use of information resources has enhanced international research and training experiences, built lifelong learning foundations, and contributed to the university's global engagement. THL continues to assess predeparture instruction. PMID:24860266

Rana, Gurpreet K.

2014-01-01

333

Invasive composition for the evolution of a health information system  

E-print Network

Invasive composition for the evolution of a health information system Ismael Mejía, Mario Südholt Keywords Aspect-oriented programming, Distributed systems, Health information systems, Invasive software composition 1. INTRODUCTION Evolution of large-scale distributed systems is a funda- mental challenge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

334

A Content Analysis of Health-Related Information on Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television is a persuasive, powerful, and pervasive medium for disseminating information on a plethora of topics, including health and nutrition. In fact, television is consistently ranked by Americans as their primary source of nutrition information. In addition, it is widely acknowledged that events portrayed on TV influence eating and health attitudes and behaviors. To gain an understanding of the influence

C. Byrd-Bredbenner

1998-01-01

335

Informed-Consent Issues with Adolescent Health Behavior Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify the informed-consent issues when conducting adolescent health behavior research. Methods: A literature review was conducted across diverse academic fields about the informed-consent issues that were relevant to adolescent health behavior research. Results: Issues included defining consent, assent and permission, minimal…

Olds, R. Scott

2003-01-01

336

Computer Self-Efficacy among Health Information Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roles and functions of health information professionals are evolving due to the mandated electronic health record adoption process for healthcare facilities. A knowledgeable workforce with computer information technology skill sets is required for the successful collection of quality patient-care data, improvement of productivity, and…

Hendrix, Dorothy Marie

2011-01-01

337

Exploring an MDA approach to health care information systems development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the potential of the model-driven architecture (MDA) in health care information systems development Methods An MDA is conceptualized and developed for a health clinic system to track patient information. A prototype of the MDA is implemented using an advanced MDA tool. The UML provides the underlying modeling support in the form of the class diagram. The PIM

Wullianallur Raghupathi; Amjad Umar

338

An argument against the focus on Community Resilience in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Background It has been suggested that Public Health professionals focus on community resilience in tackling chronic problems, such as poverty and deprivation; is this approach useful? Discussion Resilience is always i) of something ii) to something iii) to an endpoint, as in i) a rubber ball, ii) to a blunt force, iii) to its original shape. “Community resilience” might be: of a neighbourhood, to a flu pandemic, with the endpoint, to return to normality. In these two examples, the endpoint is as-you-were. This is unsuitable for some examples of resilience. A child that is resilient to an abusive upbringing has an endpoint of living a happy life despite that upbringing: this is an as-you-should-be endpoint. Similarly, a chronically deprived community cannot have the endpoint of returning to chronic deprivation: so what is its endpoint? Roughly, it is an as-you-should-be endpoint: to provide an environment for inhabitants to live well. Thus resilient communities will be those that do this in the face of challenges. How can they be identified? One method uses statistical outliers, neighbourhoods that do better than would be expected on a range of outcomes given a range of stressors. This method tells us that a neighbourhood is resilient but not why it is. In response, a number of researchers have attributed characteristics to resilient communities; however, these generally fail to distinguish characteristics of a good community from those of a resilient one. Making this distinction is difficult and we have not seen it successfully done; more importantly, it is arguably unnecessary. There already exist approaches in Public Health to assessing and developing communities faced with chronic problems, typically tied to notions such as Social Capital. Community resilience to chronic problems, if it makes sense at all, is likely to be a property that emerges from the various assets in a community such as human capital, built capital and natural capital. Summary Public Health professionals working with deprived neighbourhoods would be better to focus on what neighbourhoods have or could develop as social capital for living well, rather than on the vague and tangential notion of community resilience. PMID:24447588

2014-01-01

339

Cognitive Factors of Using Health Apps: Systematic Analysis of Relationships Among Health Consciousness, Health Information Orientation, eHealth Literacy, and Health App Use Efficacy  

PubMed Central

Background Interest in smartphone health apps has been increasing recently. However, we have little understanding of the cognitive and motivational factors that influence the extent of health-app use. Objective This study aimed to examine the effects of four cognitive factors—health consciousness, health information orientation, eHealth literacy, and health-app use efficacy—on the extent of health-app use. It also explored the influence of two different use patterns—information and information-behavior use of health apps—with regard to the relationships among the main study variables. Methods We collected and analyzed 765 surveys in South Korea. According to the results, there was a negligible gender difference: males (50.6%, 387/765) and females (49.4%, 378/765). All participants were adults whose ages ranged from 19 to 59. In order to test the proposed hypotheses, we used a path analysis as a specific form of structural equation modeling. Results Through a path analysis, we discovered that individuals’ health consciousness had a direct effect on their use of health apps. However, unlike the initial expectations, the effects of health information orientation and eHealth literacy on health-app use were mediated by health-app use efficacy. Conclusions The results from the path analysis addressed a significant direct effect of health consciousness as well as strong mediating effects of health-app use efficacy. These findings contribute to widening our comprehension of the new, digital dimensions of health management, particularly those revolving around mobile technology. PMID:24824062

Cho, Jaehee

2014-01-01

340

Informal electronic waste recycling: A sector review with special focus on China  

SciTech Connect

Informal recycling is a new and expanding low cost recycling practice in managing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE or e-waste). It occurs in many developing countries, including China, where current gaps in environmental management, high demand for second-hand electronic appliances and the norm of selling e-waste to individual collectors encourage the growth of a strong informal recycling sector. This paper gathers information on informal e-waste management, takes a look at its particular manifestations in China and identifies some of the main difficulties of the current Chinese approach. Informal e-waste recycling is not only associated with serious environmental and health impacts, but also the supply deficiency of formal recyclers and the safety problems of remanufactured electronic products. Experiences already show that simply prohibiting or competing with the informal collectors and informal recyclers is not an effective solution. New formal e-waste recycling systems should take existing informal sectors into account, and more policies need to be made to improve recycling rates, working conditions and the efficiency of involved informal players. A key issue for China's e-waste management is how to set up incentives for informal recyclers so as to reduce improper recycling activities and to divert more e-waste flow into the formal recycling sector.

Chi Xinwen, E-mail: x.chi@pgrad.unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie Street, Carlton, VIC 3010 (Australia); Streicher-Porte, Martin [Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014 St. Gallen (Switzerland); Wang, Mark Y.L. [Department of Resource Management and Geography, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie Street, Carlton, VIC 3010 (Australia); Reuter, Markus A. [Outotec Pty Ltd., Melbourne, 12 Kitchen Road, Dandenong, VIC 3175 (Australia)

2011-04-15

341

Readability Assessment of Internet-Based Consumer Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A substantial amount of consumer health-related information is available on the Internet. Studies suggest that consumer comprehension may be compromised if content exceeds a 7th-grade reading level, which is the average American reading level identified by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the readability of Internet-based consumer health information offered by organizations

Tiffany M Walsh

2008-01-01

342

Analysis of the Purpose of State Health Departments' Tweets: Information Sharing, Engagement, and Action  

PubMed Central

Background Public health agencies are actively using social media, including Twitter. In the public health and nonprofit sectors, Twitter has been limited to one-way communication. Two-way, interactive communication on Twitter has the potential to enhance organizational relationships with followers and help organizations achieve their goals by increasing communication and dialog between the organization and its followers. Research shows that nonprofit organizations use Twitter for three main functions: information sharing, community building, and action. Objective It is not known whether state health departments are using Twitter primarily for one-way information sharing or if they are trying to engage followers to build relationships and promote action. The purpose of this research was to discover what the primary function of Twitter use is among state health departments in the United States and whether this is similar to or different from nonprofit organizations. Methods A complete list of “tweets” made by each state health department account was obtained using the Twitter application programming interface. We randomly sampled 10% of each state health department’s tweets. Four research assistants hand-coded the tweets’ primary focus (organization centric or personal health information centric) and then the subcategories of information dissemination, engagement, or action. Research assistants coded each tweet for interactivity, sophistication, and redirects to another website. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results There were 4221 tweets from 39 state health departments. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of tweets made by a state health department and the state population density (P=.25). The majority of tweets focused on personal health topics (69.37%, 2928/4221) while one-third were tweets about the organization (29.14% , 1230/4221). The main function of organization-based tweets was engagement through conversations to build community (65.77%, 809/1236). These engagement-related tweets were primarily recognition of other organizations’ events (43.6%, 353/809) and giving thanks and recognition (21.4%, 173/809). Nearly all of the personal health information-centric tweets involved general public health information (92.10%, 1399/1519) and 79.03% (3336/4221) of tweets directed followers to another link for more information. Conclusions This is the first study to assess the purpose of public health tweets among state health departments. State health departments are using Twitter as a one-way communication tool, with tweets focused primarily on personal health. A state health department Twitter account may not be the primary health information source for individuals. Therefore, state health departments should reconsider their focus on personal health tweets and envision how they can use Twitter to develop relationships with community agencies and partners. In order to realize the potential of Twitter to establish relationships and develop connections, more two-way communication and interaction are essential. PMID:24217361

Neiger, Brad L; Burton, Scott H; Thackeray, Callie R

2013-01-01

343

Defining Information Needs for Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Background: People who lead or manage public health agencies have multiple needs for information in order to do their jobs effectively. In seeking to investigate “what works” in public health practice, investigators in the field of public health systems and services research (PHSSR) have largely overlapping information needs but often require a greater detail, specificity, or comprehensiveness than is routinely available in public health data systems. PHSSR Data Needs Meeting: On April 24, 2014, the PHSSR Center of the University of Kentucky and AcademyHealth convened a 1-day meeting of public health practitioners and PHSSR investigators to identify PHSSR information needs. Meeting participants considered data needs for three PHSSR domains: the organization of public health agencies and services, the use of rapidly evolving health information technologies, and the financing and economic evaluation of public health activities. Future Data Needs: Identifying data needs in these and other PHSSR domains requires clarification of research questions, consideration of research methods, a balance of imagination and practicality, and investments to extend the information captured in existing administrative, financial, and population health monitoring systems.

Buehler, James W.

2014-01-01

344

Reducing Oral Health Disparities: A Focus on Social and Cultural Determinants  

PubMed Central

Oral health is essential to the general health and well-being of individuals and the population. Yet significant oral health disparities persist in the U.S. population because of a web of influences that include complex cultural and social processes that affect both oral health and access to effective dental health care. This paper introduces an organizing framework for addressing oral health disparities. We present and discuss how the multiple influences on oral health and oral health disparities operate using this framework. Interventions targeted at different causal pathways bring new directions and implications for research and policy in reducing oral health disparities. PMID:16934121

Patrick, Donald L; Lee, Rosanna Shuk Yin; Nucci, Michele; Grembowski, David; Jolles, Carol Zane; Milgrom, Peter

2006-01-01

345

[Inequities in access to information and inequities in health].  

PubMed

This piece presents evidence that inequities in information are an important determinant of health inequities and that eliminating these inequities in access to information, especially by using new information and communication technologies (ICTs), could represent a significant advance in terms of guaranteeing the right to health for all. The piece reviews the most important international scientific research findings on the determinants of the health of populations, emphasizing the role of socioeconomic inequities and of deteriorating social capital as factors that worsen health conditions. It is noteworthy that Latin America has both socioeconomic inequities and major sectors of the population living in poverty. Among the fundamental strategies for overcoming the inequalities and the poverty are greater participation by the poor in civic life and the strengthening of social capital. The contribution that the new ICTs could make to these strategies is analyzed, and the Virtual Health Library (VHL) is discussed. Coordinated by the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME), the VHL is a contribution by the Pan American Health Organization that takes advantage of the potential of ICTs to democratize information and knowledge and consequently promote equity in health. The "digital gap" is discussed as something that can produce inequity itself and also increase other inequities, including ones in health. Prospects are discussed for overcoming this gap, emphasizing the role that governments and international organizations should play in order to expand access to the global public good that information for social development is. PMID:12162837

Filho, Alberto Pellegrini

2002-01-01

346

Sexual health information seeking online: a mixed-methods study among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender young people.  

PubMed

The current study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the positive and negative aspects of Internet use for sexual health information among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) young people. A diverse community sample of 32 LGBT young people (aged 16-24 years) completed qualitative interviews focusing on how, where, and when LGBT young people use the Internet for sexual health information. Results indicate that although many participants seek facts and statistics about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV online, few conduct searches about broader aspects of sexual health. Participants reported that fear about becoming infected with STIs/HIV is a common motivator of searches and noted a number of reasons for not using online sexual health information, including stigma associated with being observed accessing LGBT or HIV information. Together, the results revealed not only significant interest in online sexual health information but also concerns about the perceived limitations of this promising method of sexual health promotion. PMID:21490310

Magee, Joshua C; Bigelow, Louisa; Dehaan, Samantha; Mustanski, Brian S

2012-06-01

347

Use of online health information resources by American Indians and Alaska Natives.  

PubMed

According to the Office of Minority Health, an estimated 4.9 million people living in the United States consider themselves American Indian or Alaska Native, either alone or in combination with one or more races/ethnicities. American Indians or Alaska Natives comprise a racial/ethnic group experiencing serious health disparities, with little if any improvement in health outcomes over the past several decades. This study was designed to explore use of the Internet as a health information source among American Indians in the Central Plains region of the United States. The authors recruited 998 Natives in the region from May 2008 to December 2009 at powwows, health fairs, focus groups, career fairs and conferences, and other social and cultural events, and asked them to complete a self-administered survey. Although compared with data from the general population, American Indians or Alaska Natives in this sample may seem to be more frequent Internet users, their use of modern wireless devices is limited, and their use of the Internet to access health information is lower in comparison with the adult U.S. population. Natives living in the Central Plains region face generational differences in general and health-related use of the Internet. Inadequate availability of culturally appropriate health information websites may drive American Indians or Alaska Natives toward search engines and general information websites. PMID:22642739

Geana, Mugur V; Daley, Christine Makosky; Nazir, Niaman; Cully, Lance; Etheridge, Jesse; Bledowski, Caroline; Choi, Won S; Greiner, K Allen

2012-08-01

348

Use of online health information resources by American Indians and Alaska Natives  

PubMed Central

According to the Office of Minority Health, an estimated 4.9 million people living in the United States consider themselves American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), either alone or in combination with one or more races/ethnicities. AIAN are a racial/ethnic group experiencing serious health disparities, with very little if any improvement in health outcomes over the last several decades. This study was designed to explore use of the Internet as a health information source among American Indians in the Central Plains region of the United States. Nine hundred and ninety eight Natives in the region were recruited from May 2008 to December 2009 at pow wows, health fairs, through focus groups, career fairs and conferences, and other social and cultural events, and asked to complete a self-administered survey. Although compared with data from the general population, AIAN from our sample may seem heavier Internet users, their use of modern wireless devices is limited, and their usage of Internet to access health information is lower compared to the adult US population. Natives living in the Central Plains region face generational differences in both general and health-related use of the Internet. Inadequate availability of culturally appropriate health information websites may drive AIAN towards search engines and general information websites. PMID:22642739

Geana, Mugur; Daley, Christine Makosky; Nazir, Niaman; Cully, Lance; Etheridge, Jesse; Bledowski, Caroline; Choi, Won S.; Greiner, K. Allen

2012-01-01

349

Perceptions of Traditional Information Sources and Use of the World Wide Web to Seek Health Information: Findings From the Health Information National Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

As medical information becomes increasingly available and individuals take a more active role in managing their personal health, it is essential for scholars to better understand the general public's information-seeking behavior. The study reported here explores the use of the World Wide Web to seek health information in a con- temporary information-media environment. Drawing from uses and gratifications theory and

Stephen A. Rains

350

MedlinePlus Connect: Linking Patient Portals and Electronic Health Records to Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... of the criteria for Meaningful Use of Health Information Technology. You don't have to use MedlinePlus Connect exclusively to link to patient education information. Many EHR systems can be configured to link ...

351

A Participatory Approach to Designing and Enhancing Integrated Health Information Technology Systems for Veterans: Protocol  

PubMed Central

Background The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed health information technologies (HIT) and resources to improve veteran access to health care programs and services, and to support a patient-centered approach to health care delivery. To improve VA HIT access and meaningful use by veterans, it is necessary to understand their preferences for interacting with various HIT resources to accomplish health management related tasks and to exchange information. Objective The objective of this paper was to describe a novel protocol for: (1) developing a HIT Digital Health Matrix Model; (2) conducting an Analytic Hierarchy Process called pairwise comparison to understand how and why veterans want to use electronic health resources to complete tasks related to health management; and (3) developing visual modeling simulations that depict veterans’ preferences for using VA HIT to manage their health conditions and exchange health information. Methods The study uses participatory research methods to understand how veterans prefer to use VA HIT to accomplish health management tasks within a given context, and how they would like to interact with HIT interfaces (eg, look, feel, and function) in the future. This study includes two rounds of veteran focus groups with self-administered surveys and visual modeling simulation techniques. This study will also convene an expert panel to assist in the development of a VA HIT Digital Health Matrix Model, so that both expert panel members and veteran participants can complete an Analytic Hierarchy Process, pairwise comparisons to evaluate and rank the applicability of electronic health resources for a series of health management tasks. Results This protocol describes the iterative, participatory, and patient-centered process for: (1) developing a VA HIT Digital Health Matrix Model that outlines current VA patient-facing platforms available to veterans, describing their features and relevant contexts for use; and (2) developing visual model simulations based on direct veteran feedback that depict patient preferences for enhancing the synchronization, integration, and standardization of VA patient-facing platforms. Focus group topics include current uses, preferences, facilitators, and barriers to using electronic health resources; recommendations for synchronizing, integrating, and standardizing VA HIT; and preferences on data sharing and delegation within the VA system. Conclusions This work highlights the practical, technological, and personal factors that facilitate and inhibit use of current VA HIT, and informs an integrated system redesign. The Digital Health Matrix Model and visual modeling simulations use knowledge of veteran preferences and experiences to directly inform enhancements to VA HIT and provide a more holistic and integrated user experience. These efforts are designed to support the adoption and sustained use of VA HIT to support patient self-management and clinical care coordination in ways that are directly aligned with veteran preferences. PMID:25803324

Nazi, Kim M; Chavez, Margeaux; Lind, Jason D; Antinori, Nicole; Gosline, Robert M; Martin, Tracey L

2015-01-01

352

The Associations between Health Literacy, Reasons for Seeking Health Information, and Information Sources Utilized by Taiwanese Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the associations between health literacy, the reasons for seeking health information, and the information sources utilized by Taiwanese adults. Method: A cross-sectional survey of 752 adults residing in rural and urban areas of Taiwan was conducted via questionnaires. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression were used for…

Wei, Mi-Hsiu

2014-01-01

353

Veteran internet use and engagement with health information online.  

PubMed

Veterans represent a unique population in need of accessing health services online. Data from a random-digit dialed survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project were used to assess differences in online use of health information among Veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), Veterans not in VA, and non-Veterans. This survey of 3,001 U.S. citizens oversampled lower-income households. Questions assessed Veteran status and use of VA health care services, self-reported Internet use and Internet searching for health-related information, and social engagement related to health online. Overall results suggest Veterans represent an opportune population to utilize personal health records and health services via the Internet. Veterans in VA are more likely to search for health issues related to Alzheimer's disease and memory loss (odds ratio = 3.07; confidence interval = 1.41-8.28) compared to Veterans not in VA. Veterans receiving VA health care also reported higher proportions of social engagement related to health about tracking diet, weight, and exercise than Veterans not in VA, although not statistically significant. Veterans in VA are using the Internet for health information, and there is an opportunity to engage them more. PMID:23707823

Houston, Thomas K; Volkman, Julie E; Feng, Hua; Nazi, Kim M; Shimada, Stephanie L; Fox, Susannah

2013-04-01

354

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused health insurance plan that helps  

E-print Network

is the plan all about? Your Student Health Insurance Plan offers you access to: · Aetna's nationwide network Friday of each term at the Insurance Office in Student Health Services. Learn More! 1-800-683-7299 www Health Insurance Plan www.aetnastudenthealth.com *Aetna cannot pay for health care services provided

Tullos, Desiree

355

Reinsurance of health insurance for the informal sector.  

PubMed Central

Deficient financing of health services in low-income countries and the absence of universal insurance coverage leaves most of the informal sector in medical indigence, because people cannot assume the financial consequences of illness. The role of communities in solving this problem has been recognized, and many initiatives are under way. However, community financing is rarely structured as health insurance. Communities that pool risks (or offer insurance) have been described as micro-insurance units. The sources of their financial instability and the options for stabilization are explained. Field data from Uganda and the Philippines, as well as simulated situations, are used to examine the arguments. The article focuses on risk transfer from micro-insurance units to reinsurance. The main insight of the study is that when the financial results of micro-insurance units can be estimated, they can enter reinsurance treaties and be stabilized from the first year. The second insight is that the reinsurance pool may require several years of operation before reaching cost neutrality. PMID:11477971

Dror, D. M.

2001-01-01

356

Emphasizing Public Health Within a Health Information Exchange: An Evaluation of the District of Columbia’s Health Information Exchange Program  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Clinovations Government Solutions (CGS) was contracted in 2013 to conduct a mixed-methods evaluation of the District of Columbia (D.C.) Health Information Exchange (HIE) program as part of their Cooperative Agreement Grant funded by the Office of the National Coordinator in 2010. The evaluation was to focus on the progress of the HIE, how many providers and hospitals were participating in the program, and what benefits were being realized through the use of the HIE. During the course of the evaluation, the CGS team found that the use of the HIE to support public health reporting was one of its core elements. Background: The D.C. HIE is one of 56 HIE that were funded out of the Cooperative Agreement program. The HIE program was managed by the District of Columbia Department of Health Care Finance (DHCF), which also manages the District of Columbia Medicaid Program. The program was initially designed to accomplish the following: developing state-level directories and enabling technical services for HIE within and across states; ensuring an effective model for governance and accountability; coordinating an integrated approach with Medicaid and public health; and developing or updating privacy and security requirements for HIE within and across state borders. As the evaluation progressed, the CGS team discovered that the relationship between the DHCF and the District of Columbia Department of Health (DOH) had become a cornerstone of the D.C. HIE program. Methods: The CGS team used a mixed-methods approach for the evaluation, including a review of documents developed by the DHCF in its HIE program, including its original application. We also conducted 10 key informant interviews and moderated two small-group discussions using a semistructured protocol; and we developed a survey that measured the use, satisfaction, and future sustainability of the HIE for over 200 providers within the District of Columbia. Findings: While the evaluation focused on the D.C. HIE program in its entirety, the results indicated the value of utilizing the HIE for public health reporting to enhance the surveillance activities of the DOH. Specifically, the DHCF and DOH collaboration resulted in using the HIE to electronically capture and report immunization data; and in requiring electronic lab reporting and results as part of the Meaningful Use Requirement—which can assist in detecting HIV/AIDS and providing better care for the district’s high population of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Electronic lab reporting and electronic prescribing within the HIE can assist the DOH and providers in identifying specific diseases, such as tuberculosis and viral hepatitis, before they affect a significant part of the population. Discussion: Given the severe health disparities in the district, the ability of the D.C. HIE program to collect public health information on affected populations will be instrumental in better understanding and identifying methods of supporting these populations through improved surveillance and identification of the appropriate treatments. The D.C. HIE program is uniquely positioned to support these populations due to the partnership of DHCF with the D.C. DOH. Conclusion and Next Steps: The District of Columbia has made significant strides in expanding its public health infrastructure and activities. Three key areas of growth were identified that have the potential to transform the District of Columbia’s public health approach: establishing sufficient feedback loops, collection of environmental data, integration, and interoperability.

Goldwater, Jason; Jardim, Juliette; Khan, Tasnuva; Chan, Karen

2014-01-01

357

Examining the health information-seeking behaviors of Korean Americans.  

PubMed

Many Korean Americans suffer from high levels of cancer incidence and have low cancer screening rates. A significant number of Korean Americans lack adequate information about cancer screening tests. However, little is known about their health behaviors. This article examines exposure to mass media and health information-seeking behaviors for Korean Americans, and their associations with demographic characteristics influencing variations in exposure to the different health information and trust in health information sources. The authors gathered data for this study using a cross-sectional, community-based survey conducted in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during 2006 and 2007. It was administered to 254 Korean Americans who were 40 years of age or older. This study is part of the first health-related program of research to study exposure to mass media, health and cancer information sources, and seeking preferences and experiences of Korean Americans. Results indicated that Korean ethnic media sources and Internet are important sources used regularly. Age, years of education completed, and English proficiency levels for Korean Americans significantly predicted the likelihood of their Internet use. Low-income Korean Americans with less education were more likely to seek health information in Korean ethnic magazines and newspapers, whereas Korean Americans with higher education and English proficiency were more likely to seek information online. The most trusted source of health information among respondents was from a doctor or other health care professional. Future research should be conducted to determine whether physicians are actually used as a primary source for health information. PMID:22642692

Oh, Kyeung Mi; Kreps, Gary L; Jun, Jungmi; Chong, Elizabeth; Ramsey, Lolita

2012-08-01

358

Effects of Individual Health Topic Familiarity on Activity Patterns During Health Information Searches  

PubMed Central

Background Non-medical professionals (consumers) are increasingly using the Internet to support their health information needs. However, the cognitive effort required to perform health information searches is affected by the consumer’s familiarity with health topics. Consumers may have different levels of familiarity with individual health topics. This variation in familiarity may cause misunderstandings because the information presented by search engines may not be understood correctly by the consumers. Objective As a first step toward the improvement of the health information search process, we aimed to examine the effects of health topic familiarity on health information search behaviors by identifying the common search activity patterns exhibited by groups of consumers with different levels of familiarity. Methods Each participant completed a health terminology familiarity questionnaire and health information search tasks. The responses to the familiarity questionnaire were used to grade the familiarity of participants with predefined health topics. The search task data were transcribed into a sequence of search activities using a coding scheme. A computational model was constructed from the sequence data using a Markov chain model to identify the common search patterns in each familiarity group. Results Forty participants were classified into L1 (not familiar), L2 (somewhat familiar), and L3 (familiar) groups based on their questionnaire responses. They had different levels of familiarity with four health topics. The video data obtained from all of the participants were transcribed into 4595 search activities (mean 28.7, SD 23.27 per session). The most frequent search activities and transitions in all the familiarity groups were related to evaluations of the relevancy of selected web pages in the retrieval results. However, the next most frequent transitions differed in each group and a chi-squared test confirmed this finding (P<.001). Next, according to the results of a perplexity evaluation, the health information search patterns were best represented as a 5-gram sequence pattern. The most common patterns in group L1 were frequent query modifications, with relatively low search efficiency, and accessing and evaluating selected results from a health website. Group L2 performed frequent query modifications, but with better search efficiency, and accessed and evaluated selected results from a health website. Finally, the members of group L3 successfully discovered relevant results from the first query submission, performed verification by accessing several health websites after they discovered relevant results, and directly accessed consumer health information websites. Conclusions Familiarity with health topics affects health information search behaviors. Our analysis of state transitions in search activities detected unique behaviors and common search activity patterns in each familiarity group during health information searches. PMID:25783222

Moriyama, Koichi; Fukui, Ken–ichi; Numao, Masayuki

2015-01-01

359

"USE OF THE INTERNET FOR SEEKING HEALTH INFORMATION AND IMPACT ON THE RELATIONSHIP WITH PRIMARY CARE CLINICIANS"  

E-print Network

"USE OF THE INTERNET FOR SEEKING HEALTH INFORMATION AND IMPACT ON THE RELATIONSHIP WITH PRIMARY resources and on the relationship with primary care clinicians? Is the Internet reshaping the content://blogsgrms.com/cthoer/) and a researcher at ComSanté and LabCmo (http://www.comsante.uqam.ca). Her work focuses on health-related Internet

Barthelat, Francois

360

Open source, open standards, and health care information systems.  

PubMed

Recognition of the improvements in patient safety, quality of patient care, and efficiency that health care information systems have the potential to bring has led to significant investment. Globally the sale of health care information systems now represents a multibillion dollar industry. As policy makers, health care professionals, and patients, we have a responsibility to maximize the return on this investment. To this end we analyze alternative licensing and software development models, as well as the role of standards. We describe how licensing affects development. We argue for the superiority of open source licensing to promote safer, more effective health care information systems. We claim that open source licensing in health care information systems is essential to rational procurement strategy. PMID:21447469

Reynolds, Carl J; Wyatt, Jeremy C

2011-01-01

361

Issues in mHealth: Findings From Key Informant Interviews  

PubMed Central

Background mHealth is enjoying considerable interest and private investment in the United States. A small but growing body of evidence indicates some promise in supporting healthy behavior change and self-management of long-term conditions. The unique benefits mobile phones bring to health initiatives, such as direct access to health information regardless of time or location, may create specific issues for the implementation of such initiatives. Other issues may be shared with general health information technology developments. Objective To determine the important issues facing the implementation of mHealth from the perspective of those within the US health system and those working in mHealth in the United States. Methods Semistructured interviews were conducted with 27 key informants from across the health and mHealth sectors in the United States. Interviewees were approached directly following an environmental scan of mHealth in the United States or recommendation by those working in mHealth. Results The most common issues were privacy and data security, funding, a lack of good examples of the efficacy and cost effectiveness of mHealth in practice, and the need for more high-quality research. The issues are outlined and categorized according to the environment within which they predominantly occur: policy and regulatory environments; the wireless industry; the health system; existing mHealth practice; and research. Conclusions Many of these issues could be addressed by making the most of the current US health reform environment, developing a strategic and coordinated approach, and seeking to improve mHealth practice. PMID:23032424

2012-01-01

362

Social Network Analysis of Elders' Health Literacy and their Use of Online Health Information  

PubMed Central

Objectives Utilizing social network analysis, this study aimed to analyze the main keywords in the literature regarding the health literacy of and the use of online health information by aged persons over 65. Methods Medical Subject Heading keywords were extracted from articles on the PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine. For health literacy, 110 articles out of 361 were initially extracted. Seventy-one keywords out of 1,021 were finally selected after removing repeated keywords and applying pruning. Regarding the use of online health information, 19 articles out of 26 were selected. One hundred forty-four keywords were initially extracted. After removing the repeated keywords, 74 keywords were finally selected. Results Health literacy was found to be strongly connected with 'Health knowledge, attitudes, practices' and 'Patient education as topic.' 'Computer literacy' had strong connections with 'Internet' and 'Attitude towards computers.' 'Computer literacy' was connected to 'Health literacy,' and was studied according to the parameters 'Attitude towards health' and 'Patient education as topic.' The use of online health information was strongly connected with 'Health knowledge, attitudes, practices,' 'Consumer health information,' 'Patient education as topic,' etc. In the network, 'Computer literacy' was connected with 'Health education,' 'Patient satisfaction,' 'Self-efficacy,' 'Attitude to computer,' etc. Conclusions Research on older citizens' health literacy and their use of online health information was conducted together with study of computer literacy, patient education, attitude towards health, health education, patient satisfaction, etc. In particular, self-efficacy was noted as an important keyword. Further research should be conducted to identify the effective outcomes of self-efficacy in the area of interest. PMID:25152835

Jang, Haeran

2014-01-01

363

Enhancing Health Literacy through Accessing Health Information, Products, and Services: An Exercise for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second National Health Education Standard states the importance of student demonstration of the ability to access valid health information and services. The teaching technique presented in this article provides an opportunity for children and adolescents to develop their health literacy and advocacy skills by contributing to a class resource…

Brey, Rebecca A.; Clark, Susan E.; Wantz, Molly S.

2007-01-01

364

Oral health information systems — towards measuring progress in oral health promotion and disease prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the essential components of oral health information systems for the analysis of trends in oral disease and the evaluation of oral health programmes at the country, regional and global levels. Standard methodology for the collection of epidemiological data on oral health has been designed by WHO and used by countries worldwide for the surveillance of oral disease

Poul Erik Petersen; Denis Bourgeois; Douglas Bratthall; Hiroshi Ogawa

2005-01-01

365

Improving Health Care through Information: Research Challenges for Health Sciences Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESEARCH QUESTIONS IN HEALTH SCIENCES LIBRARIES are influenced by the health care environment. Three fundamental problems underlie most research in health sciences librarianship: determining what therapies are effective and of good quality, delivering information when and where it is needed, and in forms that will increase its use. Adapting to sweeping changes in all kinds of libraries is made more

Prudence W. Dalrymple

2003-01-01

366

Occupational Competency Profile for Health Occupations Education Program: Health Agency Assessment. Information Series: Report No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment instrument is intended to provide health occupations teachers and state departments of education with information needed to revise and improve the curriculum used in training prospective health occupations teachers and in updating certification requirements for practicing health care professionals. The profile lists the…

Walters, Norma J.

367

Education for Health Information Professionals: Perspectives from Health Informatics in the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While interest and activity in health informatics continues to increase worldwide, concerns about the most appropriate educational preparation for practice also arise. Health informatics is an interdisciplinary field that pursues effective use of data, information and knowledge to support effective decision making; in the health field, those…

Dalrymple, Prudence W.; Roderer, Nancy K.

2011-01-01

368

Health information for the grass roots.  

PubMed

In its endeavours to achieve the health-for-all goals, Sierra Leone confronts many formidable obstacles, among the greatest of which are illiteracy and poverty. Nevertheless, determined efforts are being made to disseminate health messages, including advice on self-help in the prevention of diseases and accidents and in tackling illness and disability. PMID:8756135

M'Jamtu-Sie, N

1996-01-01

369

Age differences in working memory updating: The role of interference, focus switching and substituting information.  

PubMed

Working memory updating (WMU) tasks require different elements in working memory (WM) to be maintained simultaneously, accessing one of these elements, and substituting its content. This study examined possible developmental changes from childhood to adulthood both in focus switching and substituting information in WM. In addition, possible age-related changes in interference due to representational overlap between the different elements simultaneously held in these tasks were examined. Children (8- and 11-year-olds), adolescents (14-year-olds) and younger adults (mean age=22years) were administered a numerical updating memory task, in which updating and focus switching were manipulated. As expected, response times decreased and recall performance increased with age. More importantly, the time needed for focus switching was longer in children than in adolescents and younger adults. On the other hand, substitution of information and interference due to representational overlap were not affected by age. These results suggest that age-related changes in focus switching might mediate developmental changes in WMU performance. PMID:25756938

Lendínez, Cristina; Pelegrina, Santiago; Teresa Lechuga, M

2015-05-01

370

HEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITY This major is intended for students interested in fields that inform the health  

E-print Network

HEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITYHEALTH & HUMANITY This major is intended for students interested in fields that inform the health profession and in related questions about health and human experience the how health issues relate to different fields. Ethnographics Lab: The Ethnographics Laboratory

Krylov, Anna I.

371

A New Focus for Allied Health Occupations. Trends and Issues Alerts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reform is changing the way in which health care is provided and altering the role of allied health professionals, especially nurses. This report examines how education can be responsive to the emerging needs of nurses and other allied health professionals. The diverse settings in which diverse populations are served requires the…

Brown, Bettina Lankard

372

Supporting cancer patients' unanchored health information management with mobile technology  

E-print Network

, Seattle, WA Abstract Cancer patients often need to manage care-related information when they are away from that HealthWeaver Mobile can help patients to access care-related information from anywhere, to capture. The enhanced ability to manage information, in turn, helps patients to manage their care and to feel more

Anderson, Richard

373

How do Consumers Search for and Appraise Information on Medicines on the Internet? A Qualitative Study Using Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Background Many consumers use the Internet to find information about their medicines. It is widely acknowledged that health information on the Internet is of variable quality and therefore the search and appraisal skills of consumers are important for selecting and assessing this information. The way consumers choose and evaluate information on medicines on the Internet is important because it has been shown that written information on medicines can influence consumer attitudes to and use of medicines. Objective To explore consumer experiences in searching for and appraising Internet-based information on medicines. Methods Six focus groups (N = 46 participants) were conducted in metropolitan Sydney, Australia from March to May 2003 with consumers who had used the Internet for information on medicines. Verbatim transcripts of the group discussions were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Results All participants reported using a search engine to find information on medicines. Choice of search engine was determined by factors such as the workplace or educational environments, or suggestions by family or friends. Some participants found information solely by typing the medicine name (drug or brand name) into the search engine, while others searched using broader terms. Search skills ranged widely from more-advanced (using quotation marks and phrases) to less-than-optimal (such as typing in questions and full sentences). Many participants selected information from the first page of search results by looking for keywords and descriptions in the search results, and by looking for the source of the information as apparent in the URL. Opinions on credible sources of information on medicines varied with some participants regarding information by pharmaceutical companies as the "official" information on a medicine, and others preferring what they considered to be impartial sources such as governments, organizations, and educational institutions. It was clear that although most participants were skeptical of trusting information on the Internet, they had not paid conscious attention to how they selected information on medicines. Despite this, it was evident that participants viewed the Internet as an important source for information on medicines. Conclusions The results showed that there was a range of search and appraisal skills among participants, with many reporting a limited awareness of how they found and evaluated Internet-based information on medicines. Poor interpretation of written information on medicines has been shown to lead to anxiety and poor compliance to therapy. This issue is more important for Internet-based information since it is not subject to quality control and standardization as is written information on medicines. Therefore, there is a need for promoting consumer search and appraisal skills when using this information. Educating consumers in how to find and interpret Internet-based information on medicines may help them use their medicines in a safer and more-effective way. PMID:14713661

Aslani, Parisa; Williams, Kylie A

2003-01-01

374

The Digital Health Divide: Evaluating Online Health Information Access and Use Among Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective Innovations in health information technology (HIT) provide opportunities to reduce health care spending, improve quality of care, and improve health outcomes for older adults. However, concerns relating to older adults’ limited access and use of HIT, including use of the Internet for health information, fuel the digital health divide debate. This study evaluated the potential digital health divide in relation to characteristic and belief differences between older adult users and nonusers of online health information sources. Methods A cross-sectional survey design was conducted using a random sample of older adults. A total of 225 older adults (age range = 50–92 years, M = 68.9 years, SD = 10.4) participated in the study. Results Seventy-six percent of all respondents had Internet access. Users and nonusers of online health information differed significantly on age (M = 66.29 vs. M = 71.13), education, and previous experience with the health care system. Users and nonusers of online health information also differed significantly on Internet and technology access, however, a large percentage of nonusers had Internet access (56.3%), desktop computers (55.9%), and laptop computers or netbooks (43.2%). Users of online health information had higher mean scores on the Computer Self-Efficacy Measure than nonusers, t(159) = ?7.29, p < .0001. Conclusion This study found significant differences between older adult users and nonusers of online health information. Findings suggest strategies for reducing this divide and implications for health education programs to promote HIT use among older adults. PMID:25156311

Hall, Amanda K.; Bernhardt, Jay M.; Dodd, Virginia; Vollrath, Morgan W.

2015-01-01

375

Implementing health information technology to improve the process of health care delivery: a case study.  

PubMed

Integration of health information is critical to the provision of effective, quality care in today's fragmented health care system. The increasing prevalence of chronic conditions and the demand for a comprehensive understanding of patient health on the part of providers are driving the need for the integration of health information through electronic health information systems. Two distinct health information systems currently utilized in the health care field include electronic medical records (EMR) and chronic disease management systems (CDMS). The integration of these systems is likely to enable the efficient management of health information and improve the quality of health care as it would provide real-time patient information in a coordinated manner. The lack of real-time information may result in delayed treatment, uninformed decisions, inefficient resource use, and medical errors. Despite their importance and widespread support, these systems have slow provider adoption rates. Our understanding of how health information technology may be used to improve health care is limited by the relative paucity of research on the adoption, integration, and implementation of these 2 types of systems. This paper documents the use of an EMR at Marshfield Clinic, a multidisciplinary group practice in the United States. We review the concomitant use of an EMR for clinical data capture and the implementation of a proprietary CDMS, InformaCare, for care management of chronic diseases. These 2 systems allow providers to deliver health care using evidence-based guidelines that meet the Institute of Medicine's aim of providing safe, efficient, patient-centered, and timely care. PMID:17718659

Follen, Marilyn; Castaneda, Rachel; Mikelson, Melissa; Johnson, Debrah; Wilson, Alisa; Higuchi, Keiko

2007-08-01

376

Health Information Exchange Implementation: Lessons Learned and Critical Success Factors From a Case Study  

PubMed Central

Background Much attention has been given to the proposition that the exchange of health information as an act, and health information exchange (HIE), as an entity, are critical components of a framework for health care change, yet little has been studied to understand the value proposition of implementing HIE with a statewide HIE. Such an organization facilitates the exchange of health information across disparate systems, thus following patients as they move across different care settings and encounters, whether or not they share an organizational affiliation. A sociotechnical systems approach and an interorganizational systems framework were used to examine implementation of a health system electronic medical record (EMR) system onto a statewide HIE, under a cooperative agreement with the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, and its collaborating organizations. Objective The objective of the study was to focus on the implementation of a health system onto a statewide HIE; provide insight into the technical, organizational, and governance aspects of a large private health system and the Virginia statewide HIE (organizations with the shared goal of exchanging health information); and to understand the organizational motivations and value propositions apparent during HIE implementation. Methods We used a formative evaluation methodology to investigate the first implementation of a health system onto the statewide HIE. Qualitative methods (direct observation, 36 hours), informal information gathering, semistructured interviews (N=12), and document analysis were used to gather data between August 12, 2012 and June 24, 2013. Derived from sociotechnical concepts, a Blended Value Collaboration Enactment Framework guided the data gathering and analysis to understand organizational stakeholders’ perspectives across technical, organizational, and governance dimensions. Results Several challenges, successes, and lessons learned during the implementation of a health system to the statewide HIE were found. The most significant perceived success was accomplishing the implementation, although many interviewees also underscored the value of a project champion with decision-making power. In terms of lessons learned, social reasons were found to be very significant motivators for early implementation, frequently outweighing economic motivations. It was clear that understanding the guides early in the project would have mitigated some of the challenges that emerged, and early communication with the electronic health record vendor so that they have a solid understanding of the undertaking was critical. An HIE implementations evaluation framework was found to be useful for assessing challenges, motivations, value propositions for participating, and success factors to consider for future implementations. Conclusions This case study illuminates five critical success factors for implementation of a health system onto a statewide HIE. This study also reveals that organizations have varied motivations and value proposition perceptions for engaging in the exchange of health information, few of which, at the early stages, are economically driven. PMID:25599991

2014-01-01

377

Using Exploratory Focus Groups to Inform the Development of Targeted COPD Self-Management Education DVDs for Rural Patients  

PubMed Central

This exploratory study assessed the self-management learning needs, experiences, and perspectives of COPD patients treated at a Certified Federal Rural Health Clinic to inform the development of a COPD self-management DVD. A purposive, homogeneous sample of COPD patients participated in focus group interviews. Data from these interviews were referenced to edit a library of Rvision COPD self-management DVDs into a single condensed DVD containing only the most pertinent self-management topics. Patients reported a lack of knowledge and skill development related to purse lipped breathing, controlled coughing, and stress management; while medication management skills were found to be quite adequate. Engaging rural communities in formal qualitative inquiries to describe COPD specific needs for self-management may lead to future use of educational technologies aimed at improving quality of life for these rural, hard to reach populations. PMID:20672021

Stellefson, Michael; Chaney, Beth H.; Chaney, J. Don

2010-01-01

378

Do patients with mild cognitive impairment understand numerical health information?  

PubMed

Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are by definition still autonomous in daily life and therefore make their own decisions, for example, concerning their own or their partners' health care. Health care information typically contains complex mathematical constructs like proportions, probabilities, and survival rates. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients with MCI have difficulties with understanding health numeracy questions and to explore the impact of declining cognitive functions. The performance of 25 patients with MCI in a health numeracy questionnaire was compared with the performance of a control sample including 164 healthy older adults, matched in age and educational level. Participants were asked to convert percentages, assess different probabilities, or understand the dosage of a short patient information leaflet. Additionally, neuropsychological background tests were administered. Patients with MCI answered fewer items correctly than controls in the health numeracy questionnaire. A correlation analysis showed statistically significant associations between performance in the health numeracy task and mental arithmetic, executive functions (psychomotor speed, conceptualization), and global cognitive status, respectively. Patients with MCI show problems in understanding numerical information concerning health care. Since patients with MCI are confronted with several health care decisions, special attention has to be paid to presenting information in an easily understandable way, to make additional sources of information available, and to provide adequate support. PMID:24473188

Pertl, Marie-Theres; Benke, Thomas; Zamarian, Laura; Martini, Caroline; Bodner, Thomas; Karner, Elfriede; Delazer, Margarete

2014-01-01

379

Benefits and problems of electronic information exchange as perceived by health care professionals: an interview study  

PubMed Central

Background Various countries are currently implementing a national electronic patient record (n-EPR). Despite the assumed positive effects of n-EPRs, their overall adoption remains low and meets resistance from health care providers. This study aims to increase our understanding of health care providers' attitude towards the n-EPR, by investigating their perceptions of the benefits and problems of electronic information exchange in health care and the n-EPR in particular. Methods The study was conducted in three Dutch health care settings: acute care, diabetes care, and ambulatory mental health care. Two health care organisations were included per setting. Between January and June 2010, interviews were conducted with 17 stakeholders working in these organisations. Relevant themes were deduced by means of thematic qualitative analysis. Results Health care providers perceived electronic information exchange to promote the efficiency and quality of care. The problems they perceived in electronic information exchange mainly concerned the confidentiality and safety of information exchange and the reliability and quality of patient data. Many problems perceived by health care providers did not specifically apply to the n-EPR, but to electronic information exchange in general. Conclusions The implementation of the Dutch n-EPR has mainly followed a top-down approach, thereby neglecting the fact that the perceptions and preferences of its users (health care providers) need to be addressed in order to achieve successful implementation. The results of this study provide valuable suggestions about how to promote health care providers' willingness to adopt electronic information exchange, which can be useful for other countries currently implementing an n-EPR. Apart from providing information about the benefits and usefulness of electronic information exchange, efforts should be focused on minimising the problems as perceived by health care providers. The safety and confidentiality of electronic information exchange can be improved by developing tools to evaluate the legitimacy of access to electronic records, by increasing health care providers' awareness of the need to be careful when using patient data, and by measures to limit access to sensitive patient data. Improving health care providers' recording behaviour is important to improve the reliability and quality of electronically exchanged patient data. PMID:21982395

2011-01-01

380

Measurement Error in Performance Studies of Health Information Technology: Lessons from the Management Literature  

PubMed Central

Just as researchers and clinicians struggle to pin down the benefits attendant to health information technology (IT), management scholars have long labored to identify the performance effects arising from new technologies and from other organizational innovations, namely the reorganization of work and the devolution of decision-making authority. This paper applies lessons from that literature to theorize the likely sources of measurement error that yield the weak statistical relationship between measures of health IT and various performance outcomes. In so doing, it complements the evaluation literature’s more conceptual examination of health IT’s limited performance impact. The paper focuses on seven issues, in particular, that likely bias downward the estimated performance effects of health IT. They are 1.) negative self-selection, 2.) omitted or unobserved variables, 3.) mis-measured contextual variables, 4.) mismeasured health IT variables, 5.) lack of attention to the specific stage of the adoption-to-use continuum being examined, 6.) too short of a time horizon, and 7.) inappropriate units-of-analysis. The authors offer ways to counter these challenges. Looking forward more broadly, they suggest that researchers take an organizationally-grounded approach that privileges internal validity over generalizability. This focus on statistical and empirical issues in health IT-performance studies should be complemented by a focus on theoretical issues, in particular, the ways that health IT creates value and apportions it to various stakeholders. PMID:23620719

Litwin, A.S.; Avgar, A.C.; Pronovost, P.J.

2012-01-01

381

Geographical Information Systems and Health: Current State and Future Directions  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and how they can be used. It reviews the current state of GIS use in health care before identifying the barriers to more pervasive use of GIS in health. Finally, it makes recommendations for the direction of health GIS research over the next decade and concludes with a call to action to health informatics researchers to stop ignoring a tool and methodology that has such immense potential for improving the health of our communities. PMID:22844644

2012-01-01

382

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused health insurance plan that helps  

E-print Network

is the plan all about? Your Student Health Insurance Plan offers you access to: · Aetna's nationwide network? The rate above includes both premiums for the student health plan underwritten by Aetna Life Insurance waivers will not be accepted. All health insurance waivers are subject to approval. Term Open Enrollment

Tullos, Desiree

383

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused health insurance plan that helps  

E-print Network

is the plan all about? Your Student Health Insurance Plan offers you access to: · Aetna's nationwide network for the student health plan underwritten by Aetna Life Insurance Company, as well as Oregon State University waivers will not be accepted. All health insurance waivers are subject to approval. When do I pay

Tullos, Desiree

384

Aetna Student Health, working with Oregon State University offers a student-focused health insurance plan that helps  

E-print Network

is the plan all about? Your Student Health Insurance Plan offers you access to: · Aetna's nationwide network for the student health plan underwritten by Aetna Life Insurance Company, as well as Oregon State University be made by the third Friday of each term at the Insurance Office in Student Health Services. Quality

Tullos, Desiree

385

Aetna Student Health, working with Polytechnic Institute of NYU offers a student-focused health insurance plan that  

E-print Network

is the Plan All About? Your Student Health Insurance Plan offers you access to: · Aetna's nationwide network enrolled into the Polytechnic Institute of NYU Student Health Insurance Plan. Those with comparable plans health plan underwritten by Aetna Life Insurance Company, as well as an administrative fee for the broker

Aronov, Boris

386

Privacy-Related Context Information for Ubiquitous Health  

PubMed Central

Background Ubiquitous health has been defined as a dynamic network of interconnected systems. A system is composed of one or more information systems, their stakeholders, and the environment. These systems offer health services to individuals and thus implement ubiquitous computing. Privacy is the key challenge for ubiquitous health because of autonomous processing, rich contextual metadata, lack of predefined trust among participants, and the business objectives. Additionally, regulations and policies of stakeholders may be unknown to the individual. Context-sensitive privacy policies are needed to regulate information processing. Objective Our goal was to analyze privacy-related context information and to define the corresponding components and their properties that support privacy management in ubiquitous health. These properties should describe the privacy issues of information processing. With components and their properties, individuals can define context-aware privacy policies and set their privacy preferences that can change in different information-processing situations. Methods Scenarios and user stories are used to analyze typical activities in ubiquitous health to identify main actors, goals, tasks, and stakeholders. Context arises from an activity and, therefore, we can determine different situations, services, and systems to identify properties for privacy-related context information in information-processing situations. Results Privacy-related context information components are situation, environment, individual, information technology system, service, and stakeholder. Combining our analyses and previously identified characteristics of ubiquitous health, more detailed properties for the components are defined. Properties define explicitly what context information for different components is needed to create context-aware privacy policies that can control, limit, and constrain information processing. With properties, we can define, for example, how data can be processed or how components are regulated or in what kind of environment data can be processed. Conclusions This study added to the vision of ubiquitous health by analyzing information processing from the viewpoint of an individual’s privacy. We learned that health and wellness-related activities may happen in several environments and situations with multiple stakeholders, services, and systems. We have provided new knowledge regarding privacy-related context information and corresponding components by analyzing typical activities in ubiquitous health. With the identified components and their properties, individuals can define their personal preferences on information processing based on situational information, and privacy services can capture privacy-related context of the information-processing situation. PMID:25100084

Nykänen, Pirkko; Ruotsalainen, Pekka

2014-01-01

387

[The role of information in public health decision-making].  

PubMed

Public health, prevention, health education and health promotion are inseparable from the concepts of information and communication. Information should respond as much as possible to the needs of professionals, decision-makers, and consumers who are more and more concerned and conscious of its importance in light of "information overload", various dissemination channels and the multiplicity of its sources. There are numerous issues at stake ranging from comprehension, to the validation of health information, health education, health promotion, prevention, decision-making, as well as issues related to knowledge and power. Irrespective of the type of choice to be made, the need for information, knowledge, and know-how is inseparable from that of other tools or regulatory measures required for decision-making. Information is the same as competence, epidemiological and population data, health data, scientific opinion, and expert conferences--all are needed to assist in decision-making. Based on the principle of precaution, information must increasingly take into account the rejection of a society which often reasons on the basis of a presumption of zero-risk, in an idealistic manner, and which also excludes the possibility of new risks. The consumer positions himself as the regulator of decisions, specifically those with regard to the notion of acceptable level of risk. All of the actors involved in the health system are or become at one moment or another public health decision-makers. Their decision might be based either on an analytical approach, or on an intuitive approach. Although the act of decision-making is the least visible part of public health policy, it is certainly the driving force. This process should integrate the perspective of all of the relevant players, including consumers, who are currently situated more and more frequently at the heart of the health system. Public health decision-making is conducted as a function of political, strategic and environmental issues; of lobbies and their power; and of social maturation. Decision-making is a necessity. Making the right choice at the right time requires high quality information, and it is often necessary to respect a certain amount of time for reflection and ripening of an issue in order to make the best possible decision. The media and consumers play an increasingly significant role in public health decision-making and in the ensuing legislative consequences and debates which come as a result. Access to information is changing, especially thanks to the Internet which is completely modifying the global scenery of knowledge and know-how. Information supports decision-making with calculated risk, and it offers the opportunity to make choices and decisions, recognising that "to choose, is sometimes to relinquish". PMID:19014090

Cecchi, Catherine

2008-01-01

388

Reasons for Deficiencies in Health Information Laws in Iran  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Laws, regulations, and guidelines are necessary external stimuli that influence the management of health data. They serve as external mechanisms for the reinforcement and quality improvement of health information. Despite their inevitable significance, such laws have not yet been sufficiently formulated in Iran. The current study explores reasons for inadequacies in the health information laws. Methods: In this descriptive study, health-related laws and regulations from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Iran were first collected, using a review of the literature and available data. Then, bearing in mind the significant deficiencies in health information laws in Iran, the researchers asked a group of managers and policy makers in the healthcare field to complete a questionnaire to explore the reasons for such deficiencies. A test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and tables were then used to analyze the data. Findings: Experts’ opinion on reasons for deficiencies in health information laws and regulations in Iran are divided into four principal groups: cultural conditions of the community, the status of the health information system, characteristics of managers and policy makers in the healthcare field, and awareness level among public beneficiaries about laws. Conclusions: The health departments or ministries in developed countries have brought about suitable changes in their affiliated organizations by developing external data enhancement mechanisms such as information-related laws and standards, and accreditation of healthcare organizations. At the same time, healthcare organizations, under obligations imposed by the external forces, try to elevate the quality of information. Therefore, this study suggests that raising healthcare managers’ awareness of the importance of passing health information laws, as an effective external mechanism, is essential. PMID:24808803

Moghaddasi, Hamid; Hosseini, Azamol-sadat; Sajjadi, Samad; Nikookalam, Maryam

2014-01-01

389

Effectiveness of eHealth Interventions and Information Needs in Palliative Care: A Systematic Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Background One of the key components in palliative care is communication. eHealth technologies can be an effective way to support communications among participants in the process of palliative care. However, it is unclear to what extent information technology has been established in this field. Objective Our goal was to systematically identify studies and analyze the effectiveness of eHealth interventions in palliative care and the information needs of people involved in the palliative care process. Methods We conducted a systematic literature search using PubMed, Embase, and LILACS according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We collected and analyzed quantitative and qualitative data regarding effectiveness of eHealth interventions and users’ information needs in palliative care. Results Our search returned a total of 240 articles, 17 of which met our inclusion criteria. We found no randomized controlled trial studying the effects of eHealth interventions in palliative care. Studies tended to be observational, noncontrolled studies, and a few quasi-experimental studies. Overall there was great heterogeneity in the types of interventions and outcome assessments; some studies reported some improvement on quality of care, documentation effort, cost, and communications. The most frequently reported information need concerned pain management. Conclusions There is limited evidence around the effectiveness of eHealth interventions for palliative care patients, caregivers, and health care professionals. Focused research on information needs and high-quality clinical trials to assess their effectiveness are needed. PMID:24610324

Ganzinger, Matthias; Perez-Lu, Jose; Knaup, Petra

2014-01-01

390

CAM Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) - Health Information  

Cancer.gov

It is important that CAM therapies receive the same scientific evaluation that is used to assess standard healthcare approaches. As CAM therapies are proven safe and effective, they may become part of standard health care.

391

75 FR 55588 - Family-to-Family Health Information Center Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Family-to-Family Health Information Center Program AGENCY: Health Resources...Administration (HRSA) will be transferring the Florida Family-to-Family Health Information Center (F2F...

2010-09-13

392

Implementing network security guidelines in health care information systems.  

PubMed

A Health Care Establishment (HCE) is an establishment where medical services are rendered. These services are provided by the health care personnel. The infrastructure of a HCE may include Information Technology (IT) equipment that stores and processes HC information. The spread of distributed information technology in HCEs have necessitated the implementation of Network Security in Health Care Information System (HCISs), to assure confidentiality, integrity and availability of HC information being transmitted across HC networks. This paper presents a road map in implementing Network Security guidelines for the provision of Network Security in HCEs, work carried out within the Secure Environment for Information Systems in Medicine (SEISMED) project under the Advanced Informatics in Medicine (AIM) programme. PMID:8591295

Patel, A; Kantzavelou, I

1995-01-01

393

The effect of health benefit information on consumers health value, attitudes and intentions.  

PubMed

This research explored the effect of health benefit information on individuals' stated health value, attitudes towards functional/enriched foods, expectations, perceptions, and intentions to purchase a new fibre-enriched fish product. The study used a randomized design involving an experimental group receiving fibre and health information on the product and a control group who did not receive such information. The results indicated that consumers in the experimental group scored higher on the average attitudes towards functional/enriched foods than did consumers in the control group. No significant differences were observed for other variables. Following a value-attitude-behaviour approach, the study proposed a model relating consumers' health value to their attitudes towards functional/enriched foods, attitudes towards the new functional product and intention to purchase the product, and tested how information affected the structural model. Four of the seven relationships in the structural model proved to be moderated by information. For example, the results indicated that information constrained the association between the health value and product-related health perceptions or hedonic expectations, when individuals had negative attitudes towards the functional/enriched food products. Overall, the study advances the existing literature on the effects of information on consumer behaviour by adding insights into how information simultaneously influenced the mean values and the relationships among the health value, attitudinal factors and intention. PMID:19501752

Tudoran, Alina; Olsen, Svein Ottar; Dopico, Domingo C

2009-06-01

394

Tools to support evidence-informed public health decision making  

PubMed Central

Background Public health professionals are increasingly expected to engage in evidence-informed decision making to inform practice and policy decisions. Evidence-informed decision making involves the use of research evidence along with expertise, existing public health resources, knowledge about community health issues, the local context and community, and the political climate. The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools has identified a seven step process for evidence-informed decision making. Tools have been developed to support public health professionals as they work through each of these steps. This paper provides an overview of tools used in three Canadian public health departments involved in a study to develop capacity for evidence-informed decision making. Methods As part of a knowledge translation and exchange intervention, a Knowledge Broker worked with public health professionals to identify and apply tools for use with each of the steps of evidence-informed decision making. The Knowledge Broker maintained a reflective journal and interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of decision makers and public health professionals. This paper presents qualitative analysis of the perceived usefulness and usability of the tools. Results Tools were used in the health departments to assist in: question identification and clarification; searching for the best available research evidence; assessing the research evidence for quality through critical appraisal; deciphering the ‘actionable message(s)’ from the research evidence; tailoring messages to the local context to ensure their relevance and suitability; deciding whether and planning how to implement research evidence in the local context; and evaluating the effectiveness of implementation efforts. Decision makers provided descriptions of how the tools were used within the health departments and made suggestions for improvement. Overall, the tools were perceived as valuable for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making. Conclusion Tools are available to support the process of evidence-informed decision making among public health professionals. The usability and usefulness of these tools for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making are discussed, including recommendations for the tools’ application in other public health settings beyond this study. Knowledge and awareness of these tools may assist other health professionals in their efforts to implement evidence-informed practice. PMID:25034534

2014-01-01

395

Health Information in Tagalog (Tagalog): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Chemical Agents: Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing - English Mga Kemikal: Mga Dapat Malaman Tungkol sa ... COPD) - Tagalog (Tagalog) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Coronary Artery Disease Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Sakit sa Ugat sa ...

396

77 FR 39986 - Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...symptoms. Other health issues. Cardiovascular risk factors. The information collected...might result in injury or death during fitness testing or when fighting a wildfire...the level of an individual's aerobic fitness, level of muscular strength, and...

2012-07-06

397

Readers Use Black Newspapers for Health/Cancer Information  

PubMed Central

A national survey of readers of black newspapers shows that whether readers depend on black newspapers for cancer and health information depends on their black newspaper use, black self-identity and general media dependency. PMID:21833156

Len-Ríos, María E.; Cohen, Elisia; Caburnay, Charlene

2010-01-01

398

Health Information in French (français): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Facts about Sulfur Mustard - English À propos du gaz moutarde - français ( ... barytée - français (French) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Modified Barium Swallow Déglutition barytée - français (French) Bilingual PDF ...

399

Health Information in Polish (polski): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Polish (polski) A Alzheimer's Disease Inside the Brain: An Interactive Tour - English Wn?trze mózgu: interaktywna podró? - polski (Polish) Alzheimer's Association C Childhood Immunization Haemophilus Influenzae Type ...

400

Health Information in Bengali (Bangla): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Bengali (Bangla) D Diabetes 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes for Life Bangla (Bengali) Bilingual PDF National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive ...

401

Health Information in Somali (af Soomaali): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF Health Information Translations Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Prevention Guidelines: You Can Prevent Carbon Monoxide Exposure - English af ... us on Twitter Disclaimers Copyright Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 ...

402

Health Information in German (Deutsch): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in German (Deutsch) A Alzheimer's Disease Inside the Brain: An ... Tour - English Im Gehirn: Eine interaktive Tour - Deutsch (German) Alzheimer's Association C Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Prevention Guidelines: ...

403

Health Information in Croatian (Hrvatski): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Croatian (Hrvatski) C Childhood Immunization Haemophilus Influenzae Type b ( ... Hemofilus Influence Tip b (Hib) (Haemophilus Influenzae) - Hrvatski (Croatian) PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for Disease Control ...

404

75 FR 151 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Location: The Park Hyatt Hotel, 24th and M Streets,...

2010-01-04

405

75 FR 5595 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Location: The Omni Shoreham Hotel, 2500 Calvert Street,...

2010-02-03

406

75 FR 16126 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Location: The Omni Shoreham Hotel, 2500 Calvert Street,...

2010-03-31

407

75 FR 42091 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Washington, DC, Dupont Circle Hotel, 1143 New Hampshire...

2010-07-20

408

75 FR 57276 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Washington Marriott Wardman Park Hotel, 2660 Woodley Road,...

2010-09-20

409

75 FR 8953 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice of...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Location: The Omni Shoreham Hotel, 2500 Calvert Street,...

2010-02-26

410

75 FR 70923 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS ACTION: Notice of meeting...Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The meeting will...nationwide health information technology infrastructure that permits...Renaissance Washington Dupont Circle Hotel, 1143 New Hampshire...

2010-11-19

411

45 CFR 158.151 - Expenditures related to Health Information Technology and meaningful use requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Expenditures related to Health Information Technology and meaningful use requirements. ...Expenditures related to Health Information Technology and meaningful use requirements. ...care quality such Health Information Technology (HIT) expenses as are...

2011-10-01

412

3 CFR 8711 - Proclamation 8711 of September 12, 2011. National Health Information Technology Week, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011. National Health Information Technology Week, 2011 8711 Proclamation 8711...8711 National Health Information Technology Week, 2011By the President of the United...During National Health Information Technology Week, we highlight the critical...

2012-01-01

413

Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Initiative Simultaneous Confidence Intervals with more  

E-print Network

Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence Intervals Illustrations Women's Health Initiative Outline Bounds Illustrations Women's Health Initiative #12;Background Informal Problem Statement QC Confidence

Stark, Philip B.

414

75 FR 62686 - Health Information Technology: Revisions to Initial Set of Standards, Implementation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health HL7 Health Level Seven NAICS...Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, Title XIII...Information System Support Branch--Informatics 1600 Clifton Road Mailstop: E-62...

2010-10-13

415

Understanding family health information seeking: a test of the theory of motivated information management.  

PubMed

Although a family health history can be used to assess disease risk and increase health prevention behaviors, research suggests that few people have collected family health information. Guided by the Theory of Motivated Information Management, this study seeks to understand the barriers to and facilitators of interpersonal information seeking about family health history. Individuals who were engaged to be married (N = 306) were surveyed online and in person to understand how factors such as uncertainty, expectations for an information search, efficacy, and anxiety influence decisions and strategies for obtaining family health histories. The results supported the Theory of Motivated Information Management by demonstrating that individuals who experienced uncertainty discrepancies regarding family heath history had greater intention to seek information from family members when anxiety was low, outcome expectancy was high, and communication efficacy was positive. Although raising uncertainty about family health history may be an effective tool for health communicators to increase communication among family members, low-anxiety situations may be optimal for information seeking. Health communication messages must also build confidence in people's ability to communicate with family to obtain the needed health information. PMID:24117214

Hovick, Shelly R

2014-01-01

416

Providing consumer health information in the rural setting: Planetree Health Resource Center's approach  

PubMed Central

Both lifestyle and geography make the delivery of consumer health information in the rural setting unique. The Planetree Health Resource Center in The Dalles, Oregon, has served the public in a rural setting for the past eight years. It is a community-based consumer health library, affiliated with a small rural hospital, Mid-Columbia Medical Center. One task of providing consumer health information in rural environments is to be in relationship with individuals in the community. Integration into community life is very important for credibility and sustainability. The resource center takes a proactive approach and employs several different outreach efforts to deepen its relationship with community members. It also works hard to foster partnerships for improved health information delivery with other community organizations, including area schools. This paper describes Planetree Health Resource Center's approach to rural outreach. PMID:11055307

Spatz, Michele A.

2000-01-01

417

Health Information-Seeking in the Digital Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examined the sources of health information among first-year university students and whether the predictors of information-seeking varied by information source. Participants: First-year students in a required course at a midwestern public university were eligible to participate, and 82% (n = 1,060) completed the study. Methods: Students completed a survey questionnaire regarding information-seeking behaviors and Internet uses in domains

Christine Percheski; Eszter Hargittai

2011-01-01

418

What Your Can Do to Protect Your Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... If you store health information on your personal computer or mobile device, exchange emails about it, or participate in health-related online communities, here are a few things you should know: While the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules are in place to protect and secure ...

419

Pediatric Aspects of Inpatient Health Information Technology Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

US adoption of health information technology as a path to improved quality of patient care (effectiveness, safety, timeliness, patient-centeredness, efficiency, and equity) has been promoted by the medical community. Children and infants (especially those with special health care needs) are at higher risk than are adults for medical errors and their consequences (particularly in environments in which children are not

George R. Kim; Christoph U. Lehmann

2008-01-01

420

Balancing Good Intentions: Protecting the Privacy of Electronic Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic information is a vital but complex component in the modern health care system, fueling ongoing efforts to develop a universal electronic health record infrastructure. This innovation creates a substantial tension between two desirable values: the increased quality and utility of patient medical records and the protection of the privacy…

McClanahan, Kitty

2008-01-01

421

A stimulus to define informatics and health information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing interest by leaders, policy makers, and others, the terminology of health information technology as well as biomedical and health informatics is poorly understood and not even agreed upon by academics and professionals in the field. DISCUSSION: The paper, presented as a Debate to encourage further discussion and disagreement, provides definitions of the major terminology used in

William R Hersh

2009-01-01

422

Information Technology Adoption and Procedural Performance in Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation studies two specific topics on information technologies in health care industry. (1) The status and change of integrated health care delivery system level IT spending and hospital level IT adoption between 1999 and 2006. (2) The potential link between hospital level IT adoptions and quality as quantified by procedural performance…

Shi, Yunfeng

2010-01-01

423

Promoting public health and rural practice a focus for Notre Dame academic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Giving medical students an insight into working in regional Western Australia and being an effective advocate for public health have earned Notre Dame academic, Professor Donna Mak, recognition from the Australasian Faculty of Public Health Medicine (AFPHM).\\u000aProfessor Mak, Head of Population Health and Preventive Health at the School of Medicine in Fremantle, was the winner of the 2011 AFPHM

Leigh Dawson

2011-01-01

424

Effects of information and communication technology on youth's health knowledge.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) has produced a deep impact on human lives, and the most important aspect of its effect is on education and learning. This study was done for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of electronic health information on our Web site http://www.teen.hbi.ir in the promotion of health education and in increasing the capabilities of the students in the use of the Internet. This study was performed on the basis of the information obtained from the questionnaires on selected health issues from 649 students from 3 high schools. Information was collected in 2 steps (pretest and posttest). The t test and Leven's test were used in the statistical analysis of data. Results of the t test showed that educating students through health information Web sites has increased their knowledge by at least 14.5% on environmental health and 48.9% on nutrition and was statistically meaningful in all fields (P=.000) with the exception of mental health. The fact is that the use of IT has become a part of our society and is perhaps the most promising medium for achieving health promotion initiatives. PMID:19625324

Ghorbani, Nahid R; Heidari, Rosemarie N

2011-05-01

425

Differences in Health Behaviors of Hispanic, White, and Black Childbearing Women: Focus on the Hispanic Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maternal health behaviors such as substance use and sexual promiscuity can put the health of mothers and their offspring at risk. Sociodemographic factors including low socioeconomic status are also found to correlate with health risks for childbearing women. Hispanic women--particularly those less acculturated--often have sociodemographic risk…

Page, Robin L.

2007-01-01

426

Focus On: Ethnicity and the Social and Health Harms From Drinking  

PubMed Central

Alcohol consumption is differentially associated with social and health harms across U.S. ethnic groups. Native Americans, Hispanics, and Blacks are disadvantaged by alcohol-attributed harms compared with Whites and Asians. Ethnicities with higher rates of risky drinking experience higher rates of drinking harms. Other factors that could contribute to the different effects of alcohol by ethnicity are social disadvantage, acculturation, drink preferences, and alcohol metabolism. This article examines the relationship of ethnicity and drinking to (1) unintentional injuries, (2) intentional injuries, (3) fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), (4) gastrointestinal diseases, (5) cardiovascular diseases, (6) cancers, (7) diabetes, and (8) infectious diseases. Reviewed evidence shows that Native Americans have a disproportionate risk for alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities, suicides and violence, FAS, and liver disease mortality. Hispanics are at increased risk for alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities, suicide, liver disease, and cirrhosis mortality; and Blacks have increased risk for alcohol-related relationship violence, FAS, heart disease, and some cancers. However, the scientific evidence is incomplete for each of these harms. More research is needed on the relationship of alcohol consumption to cancers, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS across ethnic groups. Studies also are needed to delineate the mechanisms that give rise to and sustain these disparities in order to inform prevention strategies. PMID:24881331

Chartier, Karen G.; Vaeth, Patrice A.C.; Caetano, Raul

2014-01-01

427

Public trust in health information sharing: implications for biobanking and electronic health record systems.  

PubMed

Biobanks are made all the more valuable when the biological samples they hold can be linked to health information collected in research, electronic health records, or public health practice. Public trust in such systems that share health information for research and health care practice is understudied. Our research examines characteristics of the general public that predict trust in a health system that includes researchers, health care providers, insurance companies and public health departments. We created a 119-item survey of predictors and attributes of system trust and fielded it using Amazon's MTurk system (n = 447). We found that seeing one's primary care provider, having a favorable view of data sharing and believing that data sharing will improve the quality of health care, as well as psychosocial factors (altruism and generalized trust) were positively and significantly associated with system trust. As expected, privacy concern, but counterintuitively, knowledge about health information sharing were negatively associated with system trust. We conclude that, in order to assure the public's trust, policy makers charged with setting best practices for governance of biobanks and access to electronic health records should leverage critical access points to engage a diverse public in joint decision making. PMID:25654300

Platt, Jodyn; Kardia, Sharon

2015-01-01

428

Health effects research and regulation of diesel exhaust: an historical overview focused on lung cancer risk.  

PubMed

The mutagenicity of organic solvent extracts from diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), first noted more than 55 years ago, initiated an avalanche of diesel exhaust (DE) health effects research that now totals more than 6000 published studies. Despite an extensive body of results, scientific debate continues regarding the nature of the lung cancer risk posed by inhalation of occupational and environmental DE, with much of the debate focused on DEP. Decades of scientific scrutiny and increasingly stringent regulation have resulted in major advances in diesel engine technologies. The changed particulate matter (PM) emissions in "New Technology Diesel Exhaust (NTDE)" from today's modern low-emission, advanced-technology on-road heavy-duty diesel engines now resemble the PM emissions in contemporary gasoline engine exhaust (GEE) and compressed natural gas engine exhaust more than those in the "traditional diesel exhaust" (TDE) characteristic of older diesel engines. Even with the continued publication of epidemiologic analyses of TDE-exposed populations, this database remains characterized by findings of small increased lung cancer risks and inconsistent evidence of exposure-response trends, both within occupational cohorts and across occupational groups considered to have markedly different exposures (e.g. truckers versus railroad shopworkers versus underground miners). The recently published National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologic studies of miners provide some of the strongest findings to date regarding a DE-lung cancer association, but some inconsistent exposure-response findings and possible effects of bias and exposure misclassification raise questions regarding their interpretation. Laboratory animal studies are negative for lung tumors in all species, except for rats under lifetime TDE-exposure conditions with durations and concentrations that lead to "lung overload." The species specificity of the rat lung response to overload, and its occurrence with other particle types, is now well-understood. It is thus generally accepted that the rat bioassay for inhaled particles under conditions of lung overload is not predictive of human lung cancer hazard. Overall, despite an abundance of epidemiologic and experimental data, there remain questions as to whether TDE exposure causes increased lung cancers in humans. An abundance of emissions characterization data, as well as preliminary toxicological data, support NTDE as being toxicologically distinct from TDE. Currently, neither epidemiologic data nor animal bioassay data yet exist that directly bear on NTDE carcinogenic potential. A chronic bioassay of NTDE currently in progress will provide data on whether NTDE poses a carcinogenic hazard, but based on the significant reductions in PM mass emissions and the major changes in PM composition, it has been hypothesized that NTDE has a low carcinogenic potential. When the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluates DE (along with GEE and nitroarenes) in June 2012, it will be the first authoritative body to assess DE carcinogenic health hazards since the emergence of NTDE and the accumulation of data differentiating NTDE from TDE. PMID:22663144

Hesterberg, Thomas W; Long, Christopher M; Bunn, William B; Lapin, Charles A; McClellan, Roger O; Valberg, Peter A

2012-06-01

429

Health effects research and regulation of diesel exhaust: an historical overview focused on lung cancer risk  

PubMed Central

The mutagenicity of organic solvent extracts from diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), first noted more than 55 years ago, initiated an avalanche of diesel exhaust (DE) health effects research that now totals more than 6000 published studies. Despite an extensive body of results, scientific debate continues regarding the nature of the lung cancer risk posed by inhalation of occupational and environmental DE, with much of the debate focused on DEP. Decades of scientific scrutiny and increasingly stringent regulation have resulted in major advances in diesel engine technologies. The changed particulate matter (PM) emissions in “New Technology Diesel Exhaust (NTDE)” from today's modern low-emission, advanced-technology on-road heavy-duty diesel engines now resemble the PM emissions in contemporary gasoline engine exhaust (GEE) and compressed natural gas engine exhaust more than those in the “traditional diesel exhaust” (TDE) characteristic of older diesel engines. Even with the continued publication of epidemiologic analyses of TDE-exposed populations, this database remains characterized by findings of small increased lung cancer risks and inconsistent evidence of exposure-response trends, both within occupational cohorts and across occupational groups considered to have markedly different exposures (e.g. truckers versus railroad shopworkers versus underground miners). The recently published National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologic studies of miners provide some of the strongest findings to date regarding a DE-lung cancer association, but some inconsistent exposure-response findings and possible effects of bias and exposure misclassification raise questions regarding their interpretation. Laboratory animal studies are negative for lung tumors in all species, except for rats under lifetime TDE-exposure conditions with durations and concentrations that lead to'lung overload."The species specificity of the rat lung response to overload, and its occurrence with other particle types, is now well-understood. It is thus generally accepted that the rat bioassay for inhaled particles under conditions of lung overload is not predictive of human lung cancer hazard. Overall, despite an abundance of epidemiologic and experimental data, there remain questions as to whether TDE exposure causes increased lung cancers in humans. An abundance of emissions characterization data, as well as preliminary toxicological data, support NTDE as being toxicologically distinct from TDE. Currently, neither epidemiologic data nor animal bioassay data yet exist that directly bear on NTDE carcinogenic potential. A chronic bioassay of NTDE currently in progress will provide data on whether NTDE poses a carcinogenic hazard, but based on the significant reductions in PM mass emissions and the major changes in PM composition, it has been hypothesized that NTDE has a low carcinogenic potential. When the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluates DE (along with GEE and nitroarenes) in June 2012, it will be the first authoritative body to assess DE carcinogenic health hazards since the emergence of NTDE and the accumulation of data differentiating NTDE from TDE. PMID:22663144

Hesterberg, Thomas W.; Long, Christopher M.; Bunn, William B.; Lapin, Charles A.; McClellan, Roger O.; Valberg, Peter A.

2012-01-01

430

Location-based health information services: a new paradigm in personalised information delivery  

PubMed Central

Brute health information delivery to various devices can be easily achieved these days, making health information instantly available whenever it is needed and nearly anywhere. However, brute health information delivery risks overloading users with unnecessary information that does not answer their actual needs, and might even act as noise, masking any other useful and relevant information delivered with it. Users' profiles and needs are definitely affected by where they are, and this should be taken into consideration when personalising and delivering information to users in different locations. The main goal of location-based health information services is to allow better presentation of the distribution of health and healthcare needs and Internet resources answering them across a geographical area, with the aim to provide users with better support for informed decision-making. Personalised information delivery requires the acquisition of high quality metadata about not only information resources, but also information service users, their geographical location and their devices. Throughout this review, experience from a related online health information service, HealthCyberMap , is referred to as a model that can be easily adapted to other similar services. HealthCyberMap is a Web-based directory service of medical/health Internet resources exploring new means to organise and present these resources based on consumer and provider locations, as well as the geographical coverage or scope of indexed resources. The paper also provides a concise review of location-based services, technologies for detecting user location (including IP geolocation), and their potential applications in health and healthcare. PMID:12556243

Boulos, Maged N Kamel

2003-01-01

431

75 FR 48412 - Proposed Information Collection (Six-Month Post-Exit Focus Interview of Former VHA Employees...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proposed Information Collection (Six-Month Post-Exit Focus Interview of Former VHA Employees) Activities; Under OMB Review AGENCY...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Six-Month Post-Exit Focus Interview of Former VHA Employees, VA Form 10-0487. OMB...

2010-08-10

432

75 FR 15673 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Export Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No...Information Collection; Export Health Certificate for Animal Products AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA....

2010-03-30

433

76 FR 28414 - Notice of Request for Approval of an Information Collection; National Animal Health Monitoring...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service...an Information Collection; National Animal Health Monitoring System; Emergency Epidemiologic Investigations AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...

2011-05-17

434

78 FR 37778 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Export Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service [Docket No...Information Collection; Export Health Certificate for Animal Products AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA....

2013-06-24

435

75 FR 62636 - Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction Survey) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction...Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of...SUMMARY: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA),...

2010-10-12

436

76 FR 625 - Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction Survey) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proposed Information Collection (Veterans Health Benefits Handbook Satisfaction...Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of...this notice announces that the Veterans Health Administration, Department...

2011-01-05

437

Listening to community health workers: how ethnographic research can inform positive relationships among community health workers, health institutions, and communities.  

PubMed

Many actors in global health are concerned with improving community health worker (CHW) policy and practice to achieve universal health care. Ethnographic research can play an important role in providing information critical to the formation of effective CHW programs, by elucidating the life histories that shape CHWs' desires for alleviation of their own and others' economic and health challenges, and by addressing the working relationships that exist among CHWs, intended beneficiaries, and health officials. We briefly discuss ethnographic research with 3 groups of CHWs: volunteers involved in HIV/AIDS care and treatment support in Ethiopia and Mozambique and Lady Health Workers in Pakistan. We call for a broader application of ethnographic research to inform working relationships among CHWs, communities, and health institutions. PMID:24625167

Maes, Kenneth; Closser, Svea; Kalofonos, Ippolytos

2014-05-01

438

Reflections on Cancer in the Context of Women's Health: Focus Group Discussions with Iranian Immigrant Women in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

In cancer prevention, culture and ethnicity have often been considered in negative terms as a variable to explain “misconceptions” and “knowledge deficits.” This study, based on data from nine focus groups with Iranian immigrant women of various ages residing in Sweden, was instead conducted to explore reasoning on cancer prevention and screening within a framework of beliefs on health, illness

Azita Emami; Carol Tishelman

2004-01-01

439

"Health, Aging and Environments" aims to bring together the resonant fields of health studies, gerontology, aging studies and other disciplines that focus on social studies of health, aging, and  

E-print Network

"Health, Aging and Environments" aims to bring together the resonant fields of health studies, gerontology, aging studies and other disciplines that focus on social studies of health, aging throughout the conference include: How should healthcare priorities change as a response to aging populations

Haykin, Simon

440

Modelling system level health information exchange: an ontological approach.  

PubMed

Investment of resources to purposively improve the movement of information between health system providers is currently made with imperfect information. No inventories of system-level digital information flows currently exist, nor do measures of inter-organizational electronic information. exchange (HIE). Using Protégé 4, an open-source OWL Web ontology language editor and knowledge-based framework we formalized a model that decomposes inter-organizational electronic health information flow into derivative concepts such as diversity, breadth, volume, structure, standardization and connectivity. Self-reported data from a regional health system is used to measure HIE; the ontology identifies providers with low and high HIE, useful for planners, and using a related database is used to monitor data quality. PMID:25676986

McMurray, J; Zhu, L; McKillop, I; Chen, H

2015-01-01

441

Information Infrastructure for Public Health and Health Research: Findings from a Large-Scale HIE Stakeholder Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the information infrastructure to support public health and health research has been dramatically improving, comprehensive, nation-wide, longitudinal, person-centered information has been generally nonexistent. Yet, having such information for large populations is essential to public health and health research. The coupling of internet access, information standards and emerging electronic health records is beginning to provide an enabling infrastructure for population-wide

Alan F. Dowling; Judah Thornewill; Barbara Cox; Robert J. Esterhay

2010-01-01

442

Insurance Coverage & Whither Thou Goest for Health Information in 2012  

PubMed Central

Objective Examine use of the Internet (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) technologies by privately insured, publicly insured (Medicare/Medicaid), or uninsured U.S. adults in 2012. Data Source Pew Charitable Trust telephone interviews of a nationally representative, random sample of 3,014 adult U.S. residents, age 18+. Methods Estimate health information seeking behavior overall and by segment (i.e., insurance type), then, adjust estimates for individual traits, clinical need, and technology access using logistic regression. Results Most respondents prefer offline to online (Internet) health information sources; over half across all segments use the Internet. More respondents communicate with providers offline compared with online. Most self-reported Internet users use online tools for health information, with privately insured respondents more likely to use new technologies. Unadjusted use rates differ across segments. Medicaid beneficiaries are more likely than the privately insured to share health information online, and Medicare beneficiaries are more likely than the privately insured to text with health professionals. After adjustment, these differences were minimal (e.g., Medicare beneficiaries had odds similar to the privately insured of online physician consultations), or the direction of the association reversed (e.g., Medicaid beneficiaries had greater odds than the privately insured of online physician consultations versus lower odds before adjustment). Discussion Few adults report eHealth or mHealth use in 2012. Use levels appear unevenly distributed across insurance types, which could be mostly attributed to differences in individual traits and/or need. As out-of-pocket costs of medical care increases, consumers may increasingly turn to these generally free electronic health tools. PMID:25383242

Saulsberry, Loren; Price, Mary; Hsu, John

2014-01-01

443

Graduate Health Insurance Selection/Reporting Information and Directions Please read this information carefully  

E-print Network

Graduate Health Insurance Selection/Reporting Information and Directions Please read Student Health Insurance Plan (QSHIP) meets J1/J2 visa requirements, MA State Regulations, and PPACA or to select the QSHIP provided through Brandeis. Check list for required student health insurance coverage

Snider, Barry B.

444

Informal, Incidental and Ad Hoc: The Information-Seeking and Learning Strategies of Health Care Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people are ill, they want to know what is happening to them and how they can get better. Current health policies support patients' access to health information and encourage them to take part in decisions regarding their health. But little is known about how patients learn and the difficulties they may encounter in the process. This paper…

Papen, Uta

2012-01-01

445

Better informed: an overview of health informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare informatics is increasing in importance both for healthcare administrators and medical and dental practitioners. Governments across the developed world are initiating major national health IT programmes. At the same time, future best medical and dental practice will increasingly depend on computer-based support tools, although disagreement remains about the effectiveness of current support tools. Over the longer term, future informatics

J. Harper; A. M Jenner; S. Dunne; P. A. Reynolds

2008-01-01

446

Aging 2.0: Health Information about Dementia on Twitter  

PubMed Central

Online social media is widespread, easily accessible and attracts a global audience with a widening demographic. As a large proportion of adults now seek health information online and through social media applications, communication about health has become increasingly interactive and dynamic. Online health information has the potential to significantly impact public health, especially as the population gets older and the prevalence of dementia increases. However, little is known about how information pertaining to age-associated diseases is disseminated on popular social media platforms. To fill this knowledge gap, we examined empirically: (i) who is using social media to share information about dementia, (ii) what sources of information about dementia are promoted, and (iii) which dementia themes dominate the discussion. We data-mined the microblogging platform Twitter for content containing dementia-related keywords for a period of 24 hours and retrieved over 9,200 tweets. A coding guide was developed and content analysis conducted on a random sample (10%), and on a subsample from top users’ tweets to assess impact. We found that a majority of tweets contained a link to a third party site rather than personal information, and these links redirected mainly to news sites and health information sites. As well, a large number of tweets discussed recent research findings related to the prediction and risk management of Alzheimer’s disease. The results highlight the need for the dementia research community to harness the reach of this medium and its potential as a tool for multidirectional engagement. PMID:23922827

Robillard, Julie M.; Johnson, Thomas W.; Hennessey, Craig; Beattie, B. Lynn; Illes, Judy

2013-01-01

447

Climate information for public health: the role of the IRI climate data library in an integrated knowledge system.  

PubMed

Public health professionals are increasingly concerned about the potential impact of climate variability and change on health outcomes. Protecting public health from the vagaries of climate requires new working relationships between the public health sector and the providers of climate data and information. The Climate Information for Public Health Action initiative at the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) is designed to increase the public health community's capacity to understand, use and demand appropriate climate data and climate information to mitigate the public health impacts of the climate. Significant challenges to building the capacity of health professionals to use climate information in research and decision-making include the difficulties experienced by many in accessing relevant and timely quality controlled data and information in formats that can be readily incorporated into specific analysis with other data sources. We present here the capacities of the IRI climate data library and show how we have used it to build an integrated knowledge system in the support of the use of climate and environmental information in climate-sensitive decision-making with respect to health. Initiated as an aid facilitating exploratory data analysis for climate scientists, the IRI climate data library has emerged as a powerful tool for interdisciplinary researchers focused on topics related to climate impacts on society, including health. PMID:23032279

del Corral, John; Blumenthal, M Benno; Mantilla, Gilma; Ceccato, Pietro; Connor, Stephen J; Thomson, Madeleine C

2012-09-01

448

Social internet sites as a source of public health information.  

PubMed

Social media websites, such as YouTube, Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and Second Life are rapidly emerging as popular sources of health information especially for teens and young adults. Social media marketing carries the advantages of low cost, rapid transmission through a wide community, and user interaction. Disadvantages include blind authorship, lack of source citation, and presentation of opinion as fact. Dermatologists and other health care providers should recognize the importance of social media websites and their potential usefulness for disseminating health information. PMID:19254656

Vance, Karl; Howe, William; Dellavalle, Robert P

2009-04-01

449

A Regional Health Information Exchange: Architecture and Implementation  

PubMed Central

The MidSouth eHealth Alliance’s health information exchange in Memphis, Tennessee