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1

Attomolar quantitation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by asymmetric helicase-dependent isothermal DNA-amplification and electrochemical detection.  

PubMed

A highly sensitive and robust method for the quantification of specific DNA sequences based on coupling asymmetric helicase-dependent DNA amplification to electrochemical detection is described. This method relies on the entrapment of the amplified ssDNA sequences on magnetic beads followed by a post-amplification hybridization assay to provide an added degree of specificity. As a proof-of-concept a 84-bases long sequence specific of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is amplified at 65°C, providing 3×10(6) amplification after 90min. Using this system 0.5aM, corresponding to 15 copies of the target gene in 50µL of sample, can be successfully detected and reliably quantified under isothermal conditions in less than 4h. The assay has been applied to the detection of M. tuberculosis in sputum, pleural fluid and urine samples. Besides this application, the proposed assays is a powerful and general tool for molecular diagnostic that can be applied to the detection of other specific DNA sequences, taking full advantage of the plethora of genomic information now available. PMID:25562738

Barreda-García, Susana; González-Álvarez, María José; de-Los-Santos-Álvarez, Noemí; Palacios-Gutiérrez, Juan José; Miranda-Ordieres, Arturo J; Lobo-Castañón, María Jesús

2015-06-15

2

Helicase-dependent amplification of nucleic acids.  

PubMed

Helicase-dependent amplification (HDA) is a novel method for the isothermal in vitro amplification of nucleic acids. The HDA reaction selectively amplifies a target sequence by extension of two oligonucleotide primers. Unlike the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), HDA uses a helicase enzyme to separate the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) strands, rather than heat denaturation. This allows DNA amplification without the need for thermal cycling. The helicase used in HDA is a helicase super family II protein obtained from a thermophilic organism, Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis (TteUvrD). This thermostable helicase is capable of unwinding blunt-end nucleic acid substrates at elevated temperatures (60° to 65°C). The HDA reaction can also be coupled with reverse transcription for ribonucleic acid (RNA) amplification. The products of this reaction can be detected during the reaction using fluorescent probes when incubations are conducted in a fluorimeter. Alternatively, products can be detected after amplification using a disposable amplicon containment device that contains an embedded lateral flow strip. PMID:24510297

Cao, Yun; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Li, Ying; Kong, Huimin; Lemieux, Bertrand

2013-01-01

3

Rapid detection of Staphylococcus aureus in dairy and meat foods by combination of capture with silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles and thermophilic helicase-dependent isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main pathogens in dairy and meat products; therefore, developing a highly sensitive and rapid method for its detection is necessary. In this study, a quantitative detection method for Staph. aureus was developed using silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles and thermophilic helicase-dependent isothermal amplification. First, genomic DNA was extracted from lysed bacteria using silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles and amplified using thermophilic helicase-dependent isothermal amplification. After adding the nucleic-acid dye SYBR Green I to the amplicons, the fluorescence intensity was observed using a UV lamp or recorded using a fluorescence spectrophotometer. This detection system had a detection limit of 5×10(0) cfu/mL in pure culture and milk-powder samples and 5×10(1) cfu/mL in pork samples using a UV light in less than 2h. In addition, a good linear relationship was obtained between fluorescence intensity and bacterial concentrations ranging from 10(2) to 10(4) cfu/mL under optimal conditions. Furthermore, the results from contaminated milk powder and pork samples suggested that the detection system could be used for the quantitative analysis of Staph. aureus and applied potentially to the food industry for the detection of this pathogen. PMID:25547304

Chen, Xingxing; Wu, Xiaoli; Gan, Min; Xu, Feng; He, Lihua; Yang, Dong; Xu, Hengyi; Shah, Nagendra P; Wei, Hua

2015-03-01

4

Disintegration of cruciform and G-quadruplex structures during the course of helicase-dependent amplification (HDA).  

PubMed

Unlike chemical damages on DNA, physical alterations of B-form of DNA occur commonly in organisms that serve as signals for specified cellular events. Although the modes of action for repairing of chemically damaged DNA have been well studied nowadays, the repairing mechanisms for physically altered DNA structures have not yet been understood. Our current in vitro studies show that both breakdown of stable non-B DNA structures and resumption of canonical B-conformation of DNA can take place during the courses of isothermal helicase-dependent amplification (HDA). The pathway that makes the non-B DNA structures repairable is presumably the relieving of the accumulated torsional stress that was caused by the positive supercoiling. Our new findings suggest that living organisms might have evolved this distinct and economical pathway for repairing their physically altered DNA structures. PMID:25801934

Li, Dawei; Lv, Bei; Zhang, Hao; Lee, Jasmine Yiqin; Li, Tianhu

2015-04-15

5

Isothermal DNA amplification in bioanalysis: strategies and applications.  

PubMed

Isothermal DNA amplification is an alternative to PCR-based amplification for point-of-care diagnosis. Since the early 1990s, the approach has been refined into a simple, rapid and cost-effective tool by means of several distinct strategies. Input signals have been diversified from DNA to RNA, protein or small organic molecules by translating these signals into input DNA before amplification, thus allowing assays on various classes of biomolecules. In situ detection of single biomolecules has been achieved using an isothermal method, leveraging localized signal amplification in an intact specimen. A few pioneering studies to develop a homogenous isothermal protein assay have successfully translated structure-switching of a probe upon target binding into input DNA for isothermal amplification. In addition to the detection of specific targets, isothermal methods have made whole-genome amplification of single cells possible owing to the unbiased, linear nature of the amplification process as well as the large size of amplified products given by ?29 DNA polymerase. These applications have been devised with the four isothermal amplification strategies covered in this review: strand-displacement amplification, rolling circle amplification, helicase-dependent amplification and recombinase polymerase amplification. PMID:21250850

Kim, Joonyul; Easley, Christopher J

2011-01-01

6

An integrated disposable device for DNA extraction and helicase dependent amplification  

E-print Network

for world health applications, since the need for instrumentation to control flow rate and temperature the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the predominant technique of nucleic acid amplification for DNA (or RNA numerous cycles of DNA denaturation, primer annealing, and primer extension. However, instead of heat

7

HELICASE DEPENDENT AMPLICATION transfer the DNA  

E-print Network

STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 HELICASE DEPENDENT AMPLICATION HELICASE DNA POLYMERASE transfer the DNA SAMPLES INto a microfluidic CHIP ALONG WITH The Amplification Master mix Reagents. DNA amplification OF TOE WARMERS. use "snap" to extract your dNA or RNA from the HUman Sample. Put it all together

8

Isothermal amplification of insect DNA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP) method can amplify a target DNA sequence at a constant temperature in about 1 hour. LAMP has broad application in agriculture and medicine because of the need for rapid and inexpensive diagnoses. The power of LAMP is being used by researchers ...

9

Detection of the 35S promoter in transgenic maize via various isothermal amplification techniques: a practical approach.  

PubMed

In 2003 the European Commission introduced a 0.9% threshold for food and feed products containing genetically modified organism (GMO)-derived components. For commodities containing GMO contents higher than this threshold, labelling is mandatory. To provide a DNA-based rapid and simple detection method suitable for high-throughput screening of GMOs, several isothermal amplification approaches for the 35S promoter were tested: strand displacement amplification, nicking-enzyme amplification reaction, rolling circle amplification, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and helicase-dependent amplification (HDA). The assays developed were tested for specificity in order to distinguish between samples containing genetically modified (GM) maize and non-GM maize. For those assays capable of this discrimination, tests were performed to determine the lower limit of detection. A false-negative rate was determined to rule out whether GMO-positive samples were incorrectly classified as GMO-negative. A robustness test was performed to show reliable detection independent from the instrument used for amplification. The analysis of three GM maize lines showed that only LAMP and HDA were able to differentiate between the GMOs MON810, NK603, and Bt11 and non-GM maize. Furthermore, with the HDA assay it was possible to realize a detection limit as low as 0.5%. A false-negative rate of only 5% for 1% GM maize for all three maize lines shows that HDA has the potential to be used as an alternative strategy for the detection of transgenic maize. All results obtained with the LAMP and HDA assays were compared with the results obtained with a previously reported real-time PCR assay for the 35S promoter in transgenic maize. This study presents two new screening assays for detection of the 35S promoter in transgenic maize by applying the isothermal amplification approaches HDA and LAMP. PMID:24880871

Zahradnik, Celine; Kolm, Claudia; Martzy, Roland; Mach, Robert L; Krska, Rudolf; Farnleitner, Andreas H; Brunner, Kurt

2014-11-01

10

Advances in isothermal amplification: novel strategies inspired by biological processes.  

PubMed

Nucleic acid amplification is an essential process in biological systems. The in vitro adoption of this process has resulted in powerful techniques that underpin modern molecular biology. The most common tool is polymerase chain reaction (PCR). However, the requirement for a thermal cycler has somewhat limited applications of this classic nucleic acid amplification technique. Isothermal amplification, on the other hand, obviates the use of a thermal cycler because reactions occur at a single temperature. Isothermal amplification methods are diverse, but all have been developed from an understanding of natural nucleic acid amplification processes. Here we review current isothermal amplification methods as classified by their enzymatic mechanisms. We compare their advantages, disadvantages, efficiencies, and applications. Finally, we mention some new developments associated with this technology, and consider future possibilities in molecular engineering and recombinant technologies that may develop from an appreciation of the molecular biology of natural systems. PMID:25218104

Li, Jia; Macdonald, Joanne

2015-02-15

11

Coupled isothermal polynucleotide amplification and translation system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A cell-free system for polynucleotide amplification and translation is disclosed. Also disclosed are methods for using the system and a composition which allows the various components of the system to function under a common set of reaction conditions.

Joyce, Gerald F. (Inventor)

1998-01-01

12

Isothermal DNA amplification strategies for duplex microorganism detection.  

PubMed

A valid solution for micro-analytical systems is the selection of a compatible amplification reaction with a simple, highly-integrated efficient design that allows the detection of multiple genomic targets. Two approaches under isothermal conditions are presented: recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and multiple displacement amplification (MDA). Both methods were applied to a duplex assay specific for Salmonella spp. and Cronobacter spp., with excellent amplification yields (0.2-8.6 · 10(8) fold). The proposed approaches were successfully compared to conventional PCR and tested for the milk sample analysis as a microarray format on a compact disc (support and driver). Satisfactory results were obtained in terms of resistance to inhibition, selectivity, sensitivity (10(1)-10(2)CFU/mL) and reproducibility (below 12.5%). The methods studied are efficient and cost-effective, with a high potential to automate microorganisms detection by integrated analytical systems working at a constant low temperature. PMID:25529713

Santiago-Felipe, Sara; Tortajada-Genaro, Luis Antonio; Morais, Sergi; Puchades, Rosa; Maquieira, Ángel

2015-05-01

13

Exponential quadruplex priming amplification for DNA-based isothermal diagnostics.  

PubMed

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a method of choice for molecular diagnostics. However, PCR relies on thermal cycling, which is not compatible with the goals of point-of-care diagnostics. A simple strategy to turn PCR into an isothermal method would be to use specific primers, which upon polymerase elongation can self-dissociate from the primer-binding sites. We recently demonstrated that a monomolecular DNA quadruplex, GGGTGGGTGGGTGGG, meets these requirements, which led to the development of the linear versions of quadruplex priming amplification (QPA). Here we demonstrate exponential version of isothermal QPA, which allows an unprecedented 10(10) -fold amplification of DNA signal in less than 40 min. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers 103: 88-95, 2015. PMID:25269836

Partskhaladze, Tamar; Taylor, Adam; Lomidze, Levan; Gvarjaladze, David; Kankia, Besik

2015-02-01

14

Isothermal amplified detection of DNA and RNA.  

PubMed

This review highlights various methods that can be used for a sensitive detection of nucleic acids without using thermal cycling procedures, as is done in PCR or LCR. Topics included are nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA), strand displacement amplification (SDA), loop-mediated amplification (LAMP), Invader assay, rolling circle amplification (RCA), signal mediated amplification of RNA technology (SMART), helicase-dependent amplification (HDA), recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), nicking endonuclease signal amplification (NESA) and nicking endonuclease assisted nanoparticle activation (NENNA), exonuclease-aided target recycling, Junction or Y-probes, split DNAZyme and deoxyribozyme amplification strategies, template-directed chemical reactions that lead to amplified signals, non-covalent DNA catalytic reactions, hybridization chain reactions (HCR) and detection via the self-assembly of DNA probes to give supramolecular structures. The majority of these isothermal amplification methods can detect DNA or RNA in complex biological matrices and have great potential for use at point-of-care. PMID:24643211

Yan, Lei; Zhou, Jie; Zheng, Yue; Gamson, Adam S; Roembke, Benjamin T; Nakayama, Shizuka; Sintim, Herman O

2014-05-01

15

Sequence dependence of isothermal DNA amplification via EXPAR.  

PubMed

Isothermal nucleic acid amplification is becoming increasingly important for molecular diagnostics. Therefore, new computational tools are needed to facilitate assay design. In the isothermal EXPonential Amplification Reaction (EXPAR), template sequences with similar thermodynamic characteristics perform very differently. To understand what causes this variability, we characterized the performance of 384 template sequences, and used this data to develop two computational methods to predict EXPAR template performance based on sequence: a position weight matrix approach with support vector machine classifier, and RELIEF attribute evaluation with Naïve Bayes classification. The methods identified well and poorly performing EXPAR templates with 67-70% sensitivity and 77-80% specificity. We combined these methods into a computational tool that can accelerate new assay design by ruling out likely poor performers. Furthermore, our data suggest that variability in template performance is linked to specific sequence motifs. Cytidine, a pyrimidine base, is over-represented in certain positions of well-performing templates. Guanosine and adenosine, both purine bases, are over-represented in similar regions of poorly performing templates, frequently as GA or AG dimers. Since polymerases have a higher affinity for purine oligonucleotides, polymerase binding to GA-rich regions of a single-stranded DNA template may promote non-specific amplification in EXPAR and other nucleic acid amplification reactions. PMID:22416064

Qian, Jifeng; Ferguson, Tanya M; Shinde, Deepali N; Ramírez-Borrero, Alissa J; Hintze, Arend; Adami, Christoph; Niemz, Angelika

2012-06-01

16

Isothermal amplification method for next-generation sequencing  

PubMed Central

We report an approach for generating immobilized monoclonal templates for next- generation sequencing applications. Our isothermal amplification method is based on a template walking mechanism using a pair of low-melting temperature (Tm) solid-surface homopolymer primers and a low-Tm solution phase primer. The method can generate more than one billion submicrometer-sized colonies in a single lane of a next-generation sequencing flowchip. An alternative paired-end sequencing method using interstrand DNA photo cross-linking to covalently link the complementary strands of the original templates to the solid surface is also demonstrated. PMID:23940326

Ma, Zhaochun; Lee, Raymond W.; Li, Bin; Kenney, Paul; Wang, Yufang; Erikson, Jonathan; Goyal, Swati; Lao, Kaiqin

2013-01-01

17

Study on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Detection of Salmonella in Meat Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel nucleic acid amplification method, termed Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP), which amplifies DNA with high specificity, efficiency, andrapidity under isothermal conditions using a set of four specially designed primers and a DNA polymerase with strand displacement activity, may be a valuable tool for the rapid detection of infectious diseases. This study designed two pairs of gene-specific primers of conservative

Wang Yu; Zhang Wei; Yuan Yaowu; Ma Xiaoyan; Zhang Huiyan; Su Xudong; Wang Zhenqiang; Ma Bo

2009-01-01

18

Quadratic isothermal amplification for the detection of microRNA.  

PubMed

This protocol describes an isothermal amplification approach for ultrasensitive detection of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). It achieves this level of sensitivity through quadratic amplification of the target oligonucleotide by using a Bst DNA polymerase-induced strand-displacement reaction and a lambda exonuclease-aided recycling reaction. First, the target miRNA binds to a specifically designed molecular beacon, causing it to become a fluorescence emitter. A primer then binds to the activated beacon, and Bst polymerase initiates the synthesis of a double-stranded DNA segment templated on the molecular beacon. This causes the concomitant release of the target miRNA from the beacon--the first round of 'recycling'. Second, the duplex beacon thus produced is a suitable substrate for a nicking enzyme present in solution. After the duplex beacon is nicked, the lambda exonuclease digests the beacon and releases the DNA single strand just synthesized, which is complementary to the molecular beacon, inducing the second round of recycling. The miRNA detection limit of this protocol is 10 fmol at 37 °C and 1 amol at 4 °C. This approach also affords high selectivity when applied to miRNA extracted from MCF-7 and PC3 cell lines and even from breast cancer tissue samples. Upon isolation of miRNA, the detection process can be completed in ?2 h. PMID:24525753

Duan, Ruixue; Zuo, Xiaolei; Wang, Shutao; Quan, Xiyun; Chen, Dongliang; Chen, Zhifei; Jiang, Lei; Fan, Chunhai; Xia, Fan

2014-03-01

19

Rapid sexing of water buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis) embryos using loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel DNA amplification method that amplifies a target sequence specifically under isothermal conditions. The objective of this study was to identify a Y chromosome-specific sequence in water buffalo and to establish an efficient procedure for embryo sexing by LAMP. The homologues of a Y chromosome-specific sequence, bovine repeat Y-associated.2, in swamp and river buffalo

Hiroki Hirayama; Soichi Kageyama; Yoshiyuki Takahashi; Satoru Moriyasu; Ken Sawai; Sadao Onoe; Keiko Watanabe; Shinichi Kojiya; Tsugunori Notomi; Akira Minamihashi

2006-01-01

20

Brief review of monitoring methods for loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).  

PubMed

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique has the potential to revolutionize molecular biology because it allows DNA amplification under isothermal conditions and is highly compatible with point-of-care analysis. To achieve efficient genetic analysis of samples, the method of real-time or endpoint determination selected to monitor the biochemical reaction is of great importance. In this paper we briefly review progress in the development of monitoring methods for LAMP. PMID:24949822

Zhang, Xuzhi; Lowe, Stuart B; Gooding, John Justin

2014-11-15

21

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of BK Virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Received 16 May 2006\\/Returned for modification 6 July 2006\\/Accepted 14 December 2006 Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel method for rapid amplification of DNA. Its advan- tages include rapidity and minimal equipment requirement. The LAMP assay was developed for BK virus (BKV), which is a leading cause of morbidity in renal transplant recipients. The characteristics of the assay, including

Bipin Raj Bista; Chandra Ishwad; Robert M. Wadowsky; Pradip Manna; Parmjeet Singh Randhawa; Gaurav Gupta; Meena Adhikari; Rakhi Tyagi; Gina Gasper; Abhay Vats

22

Detection of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Reaction by Turbidity Derived from Magnesium Pyrophosphate Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method that uses only one type of enzyme. One of the characteristics of the LAMP method is its ability to synthesize extremely large amount of DNA. Accordingly, a large amount of by-product, pyrophosphate ion, is produced, yielding white precipitate of magnesium pyrophosphate in the reaction mixture. Judging the presence

Yasuyoshi Mori; Kentaro Nagamine; Norihiro Tomita; Tsugunori Notomi

2001-01-01

23

Isothermal Amplification Using a Chemical Heating Device for Point-of-Care Detection of HIV-1  

PubMed Central

Background To date, the use of traditional nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) for detection of HIV-1 DNA or RNA has been restricted to laboratory settings due to time, equipment, and technical expertise requirements. The availability of a rapid NAAT with applicability for resource-limited or point-of-care (POC) settings would fill a great need in HIV diagnostics, allowing for timely diagnosis or confirmation of infection status, as well as facilitating the diagnosis of acute infection, screening and evaluation of infants born to HIV-infected mothers. Isothermal amplification methods, such as reverse-transcription, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), exhibit characteristics that are ideal for POC settings, since they are typically quicker, easier to perform, and allow for integration into low-tech, portable heating devices. Methodology/Significant Findings In this study, we evaluated the HIV-1 RT-LAMP assay using portable, non-instrumented nucleic acid amplification (NINA) heating devices that generate heat from the exothermic reaction of calcium oxide and water. The NINA heating devices exhibited stable temperatures throughout the amplification reaction and consistent amplification results between three separate devices and a thermalcycler. The performance of the NINA heaters was validated using whole blood specimens from HIV-1 infected patients. Conclusion The RT-LAMP isothermal amplification method used in conjunction with a chemical heating device provides a portable, rapid and robust NAAT platform that has the potential to facilitate HIV-1 testing in resource-limited settings and POC. PMID:22384022

Curtis, Kelly A.; Rudolph, Donna L.; Nejad, Irene; Singleton, Jered; Beddoe, Andy; Weigl, Bernhard; LaBarre, Paul; Owen, S. Michele

2012-01-01

24

Ultrasensitive detection of microRNAs based on hairpin fluorescence probe assisted isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

A hairpin fluorescence probe assisted isothermal amplification strategy was used for microRNAs (miRNAs) detection. The fluorescence hairpin probe was rationally designed by software NUPACK to reduce background signal. This isothermal amplification method consisted of two circuits. The amplification strategy not only could detect miRNA, but also amplified and reversely transcribed miRNA into DNA to enhance the stability of the target. The approach was ultrasensitive and as low as 8.5×10(-15)mol/L miR-Let-7a, corresponding to 8.5×10(-20)mol miR-Let-7a in 10µL, was able to be detected within 20min at 37°C. Moreover, successful detection of miR-Let-7a in a total RNA sample was also achieved. Thus, the rapid, simple, isothermal, and highly sensitive approach should be a promising tool for on-the-spot detection. PMID:24613970

Ma, Cuiping; Liu, Sen; Shi, Chao

2014-08-15

25

Isothermal DNA amplification using the T4 replisome: circular nicking endonuclease-dependent amplification and primase-based whole-genome amplification  

PubMed Central

In vitro reconstitution of the bacteriophage T4 replication machinery provides a novel system for fast and processive isothermal DNA amplification. We have characterized this system in two formats: (i) in circular nicking endonuclease-dependent amplification (cNDA), the T4 replisome is supplemented with a nicking endonuclease (Nb.BbvCI) and a reverse primer to generate a well-defined uniform double-stranded linear product and to achieve up to 1100-fold linear amplification of a plasmid in 1?h. (ii) The T4 replisome with its primase (gp61) can also support priming and exponential amplification of genomic DNA in primase-based whole-genome amplification (T4 pWGA). Low amplification biases between 4.8 and 9.8 among eight loci for 0.3–10?ng template DNA suggest that this method is indeed suitable for uniform whole-genome amplification. Finally, the utility of the T4 replisome for isothermal DNA amplification is demonstrated in various applications, including incorporation of functional tags for DNA labeling and immobilization; template generation for in vitro transcription/translation and sequencing; and colony screening and DNA quantification. PMID:20921065

Schaerli, Yolanda; Stein, Viktor; Spiering, Michelle M.; Benkovic, Stephen J.; Abell, Chris; Hollfelder, Florian

2010-01-01

26

Rapid detection of squash leaf curl virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was employed to develop a simple and efficient system for the detection of squash leaf curl virus (SLCV) in diseased plants of squash (Cucurbita pepo) and melon (Cucumis melo). Completion of LAMP assay required 30–60min under isothermal conditions at 65°C by employing a set of four primers targeting SLCV. Although the sensitivity of the

Cheng-Ping Kuan; Min-Tze Wu; Yi-Lin Lu; Hung-Chang Huang

2010-01-01

27

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method for Rapid Detection of the Periodontopathic Bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), a novel nucleic acid amplification method, was developed for the rapid detection of the major periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola. The LAMP method amplifies DNA with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity under isothermal conditions using a set of four specially designed primers and a DNA polymerase with strand displacement activity. In this

Akihiro Yoshida; Shiori Nagashima; Toshihiro Ansai; Masayo Tachibana; Hiroaki Kato; Hajime Watari; Tsugunori Notomi; Tadamichi Takehara

2005-01-01

28

Isothermal Amplification Methods for the Detection of Nucleic Acids in Microfluidic Devices  

PubMed Central

Diagnostic tools for biomolecular detection need to fulfill specific requirements in terms of sensitivity, selectivity and high-throughput in order to widen their applicability and to minimize the cost of the assay. The nucleic acid amplification is a key step in DNA detection assays. It contributes to improving the assay sensitivity by enabling the detection of a limited number of target molecules. The use of microfluidic devices to miniaturize amplification protocols reduces the required sample volume and the analysis times and offers new possibilities for the process automation and integration in one single device. The vast majority of miniaturized systems for nucleic acid analysis exploit the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification method, which requires repeated cycles of three or two temperature-dependent steps during the amplification of the nucleic acid target sequence. In contrast, low temperature isothermal amplification methods have no need for thermal cycling thus requiring simplified microfluidic device features. Here, the use of miniaturized analysis systems using isothermal amplification reactions for the nucleic acid amplification will be discussed. PMID:25587397

Zanoli, Laura Maria; Spoto, Giuseppe

2012-01-01

29

Isothermal amplification methods for the detection of nucleic acids in microfluidic devices.  

PubMed

Diagnostic tools for biomolecular detection need to fulfill specific requirements in terms of sensitivity, selectivity and high-throughput in order to widen their applicability and to minimize the cost of the assay. The nucleic acid amplification is a key step in DNA detection assays. It contributes to improving the assay sensitivity by enabling the detection of a limited number of target molecules. The use of microfluidic devices to miniaturize amplification protocols reduces the required sample volume and the analysis times and offers new possibilities for the process automation and integration in one single device. The vast majority of miniaturized systems for nucleic acid analysis exploit the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification method, which requires repeated cycles of three or two temperature-dependent steps during the amplification of the nucleic acid target sequence. In contrast, low temperature isothermal amplification methods have no need for thermal cycling thus requiring simplified microfluidic device features. Here, the use of miniaturized analysis systems using isothermal amplification reactions for the nucleic acid amplification will be discussed. PMID:25587397

Zanoli, Laura Maria; Spoto, Giuseppe

2013-03-01

30

Mutation detection and single-molecule counting using isothermal rolling-circle amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rolling-circle amplification (RCA) driven by DNA polymerase can replicate circularized oligonucleotide probes with either linear or geometric kinetics under isothermal conditions. In the presence of two primers, one hybridizing to the + strand, and the other, to the – strand of DNA, a complex pattern of DNA strand displacement ensues that generates 109 or more copies of each circle in

Xiaohua Huang; Zhengrong Zhu; Patricia Bray-Ward; David C. Thomas; Paul M. Lizardi; David C. Ward

1998-01-01

31

LAMP (Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA) - A technique for biotype discrimination in Bemisia tabaci  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP) can amplify a target DNA sequence at a constant temperature in about 1 hour. LAMP technology has great potential for agricultural applications because of the need for rapid and inexpensive diagnoses. Assays based on LAMP technology are well suited...

32

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid Detection of Newcastle Disease Virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have evaluated a diagnostic system based on the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid, simple, and sensitive detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) directly from culture isolates as well as clinical samples. By using one set of specific primers targeting the fusion protein gene, the LAMP assay rapidly amplified the target gene within 2 h, requiring only

Hang Minh Pham; Chie Nakajima; Kazuhiko Ohashi; Misao Onuma

2005-01-01

33

Sensitive and rapid detection of Aeromonas caviae in stool samples by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay targeting the 16S–23S intergenic spacer regions (internal transcribed spacer) of Aeromonas caviae was developed. Eighteen reference strains and 109 clinical samples were analyzed. The results showed this detection technique is more reliable and convenient compared with common polymerase chain reaction and biochemical culture methods.

Xiao Na Wei; Ze Jun Zheng; Li Huan Zhang; Fen Qu; Xitai Huang

2008-01-01

34

Detection of white spot syndrome virus in shrimp by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method is a novel, sensitive and rapid technique which can be applied for disease diagnosis in aquaculture. Using the LAMP method, a highly specific and sensitive diagnostic system for white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) detection was designed. A set of four primers, two outer and two inner primers, were designed from WSSV genome DNA. Reaction time

Tomoya Kono; Ram Savan; Masahiro Sakai; Toshiaki Itami

2004-01-01

35

Sensitive and rapid detection of Trueperella pyogenes using loop-mediated isothermal amplification method.  

PubMed

Here we report the design and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detecting Trueperella pyogenes DNA based on the plo gene sequence that encodes pyolysin. The results showed that target DNA was amplified specifically and with a detection limit 100-fold greater than PCR. PMID:23517678

Zhang, Wenlong; Meng, Xiangli; Wang, Junwei

2013-05-01

36

Detection of red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) causes high mortality in marine fish larvae cultured in China. To control better an outbreak of this virus, a rapid, specific and sensitive detection method based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed. A set of four primers, two outer and two inner, was designed from RGNNV genome RNA. The LAMP reaction mix was

Hai-Dong Xu; Juan Feng; Zhi-Xun Guo; You-Jun Ou; Jiang-Yong Wang

2010-01-01

37

Sensitive and rapid detection of Karenia mikimotoi (Dinophyceae) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect the genomic DNA of Karenia mikimotoi using a set of four specific primers based on a ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS). The sensitivity of this LAMP assay was 100-fold higher than regular PCR, and its specificity was validated using other algae as a comparison. Two visual detection approaches were

Fengying Zhang; Lingbo Ma; Zhaoli Xu; Junbin Zheng; Yanhong Shi; Yanan Lu; Yuping Miao

2009-01-01

38

Two methods for increased specificity and sensitivity in loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

The technique of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) utilizes four (or six) primers targeting six (or eight) regions within a fairly small segment of a genome for amplification, with concentration higher than that used in traditional PCR methods. The high concentrations of primers used leads to an increased likelihood of non-specific amplification induced by primer dimers. In this study, a set of LAMP primers were designed targeting the prfA gene sequence of Listeria monocytogenes, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as well as Touchdown LAMP were employed to increase the sensitivity and specificity of the LAMP reactions. The results indicate that the detection limit of this novel LAMP assay with the newly designed primers and additives was 10 fg per reaction, which is ten-fold more sensitive than a commercial Isothermal Amplification Kit and hundred-fold more sensitive than previously reported LAMP assays. This highly sensitive LAMP assay has been shown to detect 11 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, and does not detect other Listeria species (including Listeria innocua and Listeria invanovii), providing some advantages in specificity over commercial Isothermal Amplification Kits and previously reported LAMP assay. PMID:25853320

Wang, De-Guo; Brewster, Jeffrey D; Paul, Moushumi; Tomasula, Peggy M

2015-01-01

39

A novel thermostable polymerase for RNA and DNA loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)  

PubMed Central

Meeting the goal of providing point of care (POC) tests for molecular detection of pathogens in low resource settings places stringent demands on all aspects of the technology. OmniAmp DNA polymerase (Pol) is a thermostable viral enzyme that enables true POC use in clinics or in the field by overcoming important barriers to isothermal amplification. In this paper, we describe the multiple advantages of OmniAmp Pol as an isothermal amplification enzyme and provide examples of its use in loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for pathogen detection. The inherent reverse transcriptase activity of OmniAmp Pol allows single enzyme detection of RNA targets in RT-LAMP. Common methods of nucleic acid amplification are highly susceptible to sample contaminants, necessitating elaborate nucleic acid purification protocols that are incompatible with POC or field use. OmniAmp Pol was found to be less inhibited by whole blood components typical in certain crude sample preparations. Moreover, the thermostability of the enzyme compared to alternative DNA polymerases (Bst) and reverse transcriptases allows pretreatment of complete reaction mixes immediately prior to amplification, which facilitates amplification of highly structured genome regions. Compared to Bst, OmniAmp Pol has a faster time to result, particularly with more dilute templates. Molecular diagnostics in field settings can be challenging due to the lack of refrigeration. The stability of OmniAmp Pol is compatible with a dry format that enables long term storage at ambient temperatures. A final requirement for field operability is compatibility with either commonly available instruments or, in other cases, a simple, inexpensive, portable detection mode requiring minimal training or power. Detection of amplification products is shown using lateral flow strips and analysis on a real-time PCR instrument. Results of this study show that OmniAmp Pol is ideally suited for low resource molecular detection of pathogens. PMID:25136338

Chander, Yogesh; Koelbl, Jim; Puckett, Jamie; Moser, Michael J.; Klingele, Audrey J.; Liles, Mark R.; Carrias, Abel; Mead, David A.; Schoenfeld, Thomas W.

2014-01-01

40

A novel thermostable polymerase for RNA and DNA loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).  

PubMed

Meeting the goal of providing point of care (POC) tests for molecular detection of pathogens in low resource settings places stringent demands on all aspects of the technology. OmniAmp DNA polymerase (Pol) is a thermostable viral enzyme that enables true POC use in clinics or in the field by overcoming important barriers to isothermal amplification. In this paper, we describe the multiple advantages of OmniAmp Pol as an isothermal amplification enzyme and provide examples of its use in loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for pathogen detection. The inherent reverse transcriptase activity of OmniAmp Pol allows single enzyme detection of RNA targets in RT-LAMP. Common methods of nucleic acid amplification are highly susceptible to sample contaminants, necessitating elaborate nucleic acid purification protocols that are incompatible with POC or field use. OmniAmp Pol was found to be less inhibited by whole blood components typical in certain crude sample preparations. Moreover, the thermostability of the enzyme compared to alternative DNA polymerases (Bst) and reverse transcriptases allows pretreatment of complete reaction mixes immediately prior to amplification, which facilitates amplification of highly structured genome regions. Compared to Bst, OmniAmp Pol has a faster time to result, particularly with more dilute templates. Molecular diagnostics in field settings can be challenging due to the lack of refrigeration. The stability of OmniAmp Pol is compatible with a dry format that enables long term storage at ambient temperatures. A final requirement for field operability is compatibility with either commonly available instruments or, in other cases, a simple, inexpensive, portable detection mode requiring minimal training or power. Detection of amplification products is shown using lateral flow strips and analysis on a real-time PCR instrument. Results of this study show that OmniAmp Pol is ideally suited for low resource molecular detection of pathogens. PMID:25136338

Chander, Yogesh; Koelbl, Jim; Puckett, Jamie; Moser, Michael J; Klingele, Audrey J; Liles, Mark R; Carrias, Abel; Mead, David A; Schoenfeld, Thomas W

2014-01-01

41

A Novel Real-Time DNA Detection System for Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed a novel real-time DNA detection system for loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. Our prototype was composed of a thermostatic chamber, a hole slide glass, LED and a web camera. The reaction mixture was injected into the slide glass hole and the LAMP reaction was carried out at 63°C for 2 hours. To observe the DNA amplification, we monitored the fluorescence intensity of SYBR Green I that was excited by the blue LED. The captured BMP images were analyzed by NIH Image J software. The DNA amplification and amplification monitoring experiment was successful. Furthermore, quantitative accuracy was evaluated based on real-time PCR. The reaction time correlates well with the DNA concentration. These results indicate the successful development of a novel real-time DNA detection system for LAMP method.

Kakugawa, Koji; Yamada, Kenji; Maeda, Hiroshi; Takashiba, Shougo

42

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for the rapid detection of Salmonella  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay detected Salmonella within 60min. The 220 strains of 39 serotypes of Salmonella subsp. enterica and 7 strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae were amplified, but not 62 strains of 23 bacterial species other than Salmonella. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay was found to be >2.2cfu\\/test tube using nine serotypes. The specificity was similar to

Yukiko Hara-Kudo; Manabu Yoshino; Tadashi Kojima; Masanari Ikedo

2005-01-01

43

Rapid detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mouse feces by colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with hydroxy naphthol blue was designed to amplify a region in the outer membrane lipoprotein (oprL) gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The LAMP assay showed 100% specificity for the serogroup and other bacteria, and the sensitivity was 10-fold higher than that of the PCR assays. The LAMP assay could detect P. aeruginosa inoculated in

Motoki Goto; Kayo Shimada; Ayako Sato; Eri Takahashi; Takafumi Fukasawa; Tomoki Takahashi; Seii Ohka; Takahide Taniguchi; Eiichi Honda; Akio Nomoto; Atsuo Ogura; Teruo Kirikae; Ken-Ichi Hanaki

2010-01-01

44

Development of the loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of cytomegalovirus DNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was performed on DNA extracted from CMV (AD-169)-, herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 (KOS)-, HSV-2 (186)-, varicella-zoster virus (Oka-vaccine)-, human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 A (U1102)-, HHV-6 B (Z29)-, and HHV-7 (RK)-infected cells. Although amplified CMV demonstrated typical ladder patterns, no LAMP product was detected in reactions performed with other viral DNAs. The sensitivity of the

Ryota Suzuki; Tetsushi Yoshikawa; Masaru Ihira; Yoshihiko Enomoto; Shoji Inagaki; Koichi Matsumoto; Koji Kato; Kazuko Kudo; Seiji Kojima; Yoshizo Asano

2006-01-01

45

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid detection of Bacillus anthracis spores  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay system was employed for detecting Bacillus anthracis spores in pure cultures as well as in various simulated powder samples. The specificity of the designed LAMP primer sets\\u000a was validated by assaying 13 B. anthracis strains and 33 non-B. anthracis species. The detection limits of the LAMP assay were 10 spores\\/tube for pure cultures and 100 spores\\/2 mg

Yan-Mei Qiao; Yong-Chao Guo; Xian-En Zhang; Ya-Feng Zhou; Zhi-Ping Zhang; Hong-Ping Wei; Rui-Fu Yang; Dian-Bing Wang

2007-01-01

46

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for porcine circovirus type 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was used to develop a rapid and simple detection system\\u000a for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). According to the PCV2 sequences published in GenBank, multiple LAMP primers were designed\\u000a targeting conserved sequences of PCV2. Using the DNA extracted from PCV2 isolates HUN-09 and SD-09 as the template, LAMP reactions\\u000a in a

Ye-bing Liu; Lei Zhang; Qin-hong Xue; Yi-bao Ning; Zhi-gang Zhang

2011-01-01

47

Sensitive and rapid detection of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus by reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new molecular diagnostic assay was developed for rapid and sensitive diagnosis of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) by using a one step, one tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). A set of six LAMP primers was designed to amplify the target RNA by incubation with Bst DNA polymerase plus reverse transcriptase and the reaction was optimised at 65°C

Hatem Soliman; Paul J. Midtlyng; Mansour El-Matbouli

2009-01-01

48

Rapid detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains and virulent factors by loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid detection of the foodborne Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains and related virulent factors had been developed and evaluated in this study. Six primers, including outer primers,\\u000a inner primers, and loop primers, were specially designed for recognizing 8 distinct sequences on 3 target genes, which were\\u000a tlh, tdh, and trh. The detection limits were found

Xihong Zhao; Li Wang; Jin Chu; Yanyan Li; Yanmei Li; Zhenbo Xu; Lin Li; Mark E. Shirtliff; Xiaowei He; Yao Liu; Jihua Wang; Liansheng Yang

2010-01-01

49

Rapid and sensitive detection of PRRSV by a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

A real-time monitoring reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the\\u000a sensitive and specific detection of prototypic, prevalent North American porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus\\u000a (PRRSV) strains. As a higher sensitivity and specificity method than reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),\\u000a the RT-LAMP method only used a turbidimeter, exhibited a detection limit corresponding to a 10?4

Lei Zhang; Ye-bing Liu; Lei Chen; Jian-huan Wang; Yi-bao Ning

2011-01-01

50

Development of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Detection of Entamoeba histolytica  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel one-step, closed-tube, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detecting Ent- amoeba histolytica, one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries, was developed. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay is 1 parasite per reaction. A total of 130 clinical samples were analyzed, and the results compared with those of conventional nested PCR to validate the practicability of

Shih-Yu Liang; Yun-Hsien Chan; Kan-Tai Hsia; Jing-Lun Lee; Ming-Chu Kuo; Kuo-Yuan Hwa; Chi-Wen Chan; Ting-Yi Chiang; Jung-Sheng Chen; Fang-Tzy Wu; Dar-Der Ji

2009-01-01

51

Rapid and simple detection of Ebola virus by reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ebola virus (EBOV) causes severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates with high mortality rates. Rapid identification of the virus is required to prevent spread of the infection. In this study, we developed and evaluated a one-step simple reverse transcription-loop mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of Zaire ebolavirus (ZEBOV), the most virulent species of EBOV,

Yohei Kurosaki; Ayato Takada; Hideki Ebihara; Allen Grolla; Naoki Kamo; Heinz Feldmann; Yoshihiro Kawaoka; Jiro Yasuda

2007-01-01

52

Simple system for isothermal DNA amplification coupled to lateral flow detection.  

PubMed

Infectious disease diagnosis in point-of-care settings can be greatly improved through integrated, automated nucleic acid testing devices. We have developed an early prototype for a low-cost system which executes isothermal DNA amplification coupled to nucleic acid lateral flow (NALF) detection in a mesofluidic cartridge attached to a portable instrument. Fluid handling inside the cartridge is facilitated through one-way passive valves, flexible pouches, and electrolysis-driven pumps, which promotes a compact and inexpensive instrument design. The closed-system disposable prevents workspace amplicon contamination. The cartridge design is based on standard scalable manufacturing techniques such as injection molding. Nucleic acid amplification occurs in a two-layer pouch that enables efficient heat transfer. We have demonstrated as proof of principle the amplification and detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) genomic DNA in the cartridge, using either Loop Mediated Amplification (LAMP) or the Exponential Amplification Reaction (EXPAR), both coupled to NALF detection. We envision that a refined version of this cartridge, including upstream sample preparation coupled to amplification and detection, will enable fully-automated sample-in to answer-out infectious disease diagnosis in primary care settings of low-resource countries with high disease burden. PMID:23922706

Roskos, Kristina; Hickerson, Anna I; Lu, Hsiang-Wei; Ferguson, Tanya M; Shinde, Deepali N; Klaue, Yvonne; Niemz, Angelika

2013-01-01

53

[Colorimetric detection of HPV6 and HPV16 by loop mediated isothermal amplification].  

PubMed

A simple, rapid and sensitive colorimetric loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was established to detect HPV6 and HPV 16 respectively. The method employed a set of four specially designed primers that recognized six distinct sequences of HPV6-E6 or HPV16-E7 for amplification of nucleic acid under isothermal conditions at 63 degrees C for one hour. The amplification process of LAMP was monitored by the addition of HNB (hydroxy naphthol blue) dye prior to amplification. A positive reaction was indicated by a color change from violet to sky blue and confirmed by real-time turbidimeter and agarose electrophoresis. Thirteen cervical swab samples having single infection with 13 different HPV genotypes were examined to evaluate the specificity. A serial dilution of a cloned plasmid containing HPV-E6 or HPV-E7 gene was examined to evaluate the sensitivity. The results showed that no cross-reaction with other HPV genotypes was observed. The colorimetric LAMP assay could achieve a sensitivity of 1000 copies, 10-20 times lower than that of real-time PCR. The assay was further evaluated with 62 clinical specimens and consistent results were obtained compared with the detection using Kai Pu HPV Genotyping Kit. We concluded that this colorimetric LAMP assay had potential usefulness for the rapid screening of the HPV6 or HPV16 infection in the laboratories and hospitals of provincial and municipal region in China. PMID:21462508

Lu, Chun-bin; Luo, Le; Yang, Meng-jie; Nie, Kai; Wang, Miao; Ma, Xue-Jun

2011-01-01

54

Ion sensing (EIS) real-time quantitative monitorization of isothermal DNA amplification.  

PubMed

Field-effect-based devices are becoming a basic structural element in a new generation of microbiosensors. Reliable molecular characterization of DNA and/or RNA is of paramount importance for disease diagnostics and to follow up alterations in gene expression profiles. The use of such devices for point-of-need diagnostics has been hindered by the need of standard or real-time PCR amplification procedures. The present work focuses on the development of a tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5) based sensor for the real-time label free detection of DNA amplification via loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) allowing for quantitative analysis of the cMYC proto-oncogene. The strategy based on the field effect sensor was tested within a range of 1 × 10(8)-10(11) copies of target DNA, and a linear relationship between the log copy number of the initial template DNA and threshold time was observed allowing for a semi-quantitative analysis of DNA template. The concept offers many of the advantages of isothermal quantitative real-time DNA amplification in a label free approach and may pave the way to point-of-care quantitative molecular analysis focused on ease of use and low cost. PMID:24021655

Veigas, Bruno; Branquinho, Rita; Pinto, Joana V; Wojcik, Pawel J; Martins, Rodrigo; Fortunato, Elvira; Baptista, Pedro V

2014-02-15

55

Electrochemical genosensor for the rapid detection of GMO using loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

In this study, we are reporting for the first time an efficient, accurate and inexpensive rapid detection system which employs the integration of isothermal amplification and subsequent analysis of unpurified amplicons by an electrochemical system. In our experiments, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with its higher efficiency than PCR was performed at a constant temperature (65 degrees C). Amplification products were combined with a redox active molecule Hoechst 33258 [H33258, 2'-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-2,5'-bi(1H-benzimidazole)] and analyzed by a DNA stick (DS) which is integrated with a disposable electrochemical printed (DEP) chip using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The DNA minor groove binding of the H33258 molecule causes a significant drop in the peak current intensity of the H33258 oxidation. The phenomenon of DNA binding induced by H33258, in addition to changes in the anodic current peak, was used to detect maize CBH 351 variety (StarLink). Since laborious probe immobilization was not required, and amplification and detection were performed on a single device, our biosensor eliminates potential cross-contamination. We believe that this type of sensor will have an unprecedented impact for environmental protection. PMID:19381392

Ahmed, Minhaz Uddin; Saito, Masato; Hossain, M Mosharraf; Rao, S Ramachandara; Furui, Satoshi; Hino, Akihiro; Takamura, Yuzuru; Takagi, Masahiro; Tamiya, Eiichi

2009-05-01

56

Visual and Rapid Detection of Two Genetically Modified Soybean Events Using Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

To develop effective alternatives for detecting genetically modified organisms (GMOs), we reported one optimized visual loop-mediated\\u000a isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the detection of exogenous DNA targets from two GM soybean events in this study.\\u000a This isothermal amplification can be performed within 40 min without polymerase chain reaction (PCR) equipment and the derived\\u000a LAMP products can be directly observed by naked

Xiaoyan Guan; Jinchao Guo; Ping Shen; Litao Yang; Dabing Zhang

2010-01-01

57

Sensitive and rapid detection of Paragonimus westermani infection in humans and animals by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed and validated for the detection\\u000a of Paragonimus westermani adults, metacercariae, and eggs in human and animal samples. The LAMP amplification can be finished in 45 min under isothermal\\u000a condition at 60°C by employing a set of four species-specific primer mixtures and the results can be checked by naked-eye\\u000a visualization.

M. X. Chen; L. Ai; R. L. Zhang; J. J. Xia; K. Wang; S. H. Chen; Y. N. Zhang; M. J. Xu; X. Li; X. Q. Zhu; J. X. Chen

2011-01-01

58

Sensitive and Rapid Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus and Varicella-Zoster Virus DNA by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method in which reagents react rapidly and efficiently, with a high specificity, under isothermal conditions. We used a LAMP assay for the detection of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The virus specificities of primers were confirmed by using 50

Hisatoshi Kaneko; Tomohiro Iida; Koki Aoki; Shigeaki Ohno; Tatsuo Suzutani; Fukushima Hikarigaoka

2005-01-01

59

Real-Time Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid Detection of West Nile Virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A one-step, single tube, real-time accelerated reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detecting the envelope gene of West Nile (WN) virus. The RT-LAMP assay is a novel method of gene amplification that amplifies nucleic acid with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity under isothermal conditions with a set of six specially designed primers that recognize eight distinct

Manmohan Parida; Guillermo Posadas; Shingo Inoue; Futoshi Hasebe; Kouichi Morita

2004-01-01

60

Development and clinical validation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for the rapid detection of Neisseria meningitidis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an innovative technique that allows the rapid detection of target nucleic acid sequences under isothermal conditions without the need for complex instrumentation. The development, optimization, and clinical validation of a LAMP assay targeting the ctrA gene for the rapid detection of capsular Neisseria meningitidis were described. Highly specific detection of capsular N. meningitidis type strains

James P. McKenna; Derek J. Fairley; Michael D. Shields; Sara L. Cosby; Dorothy E. Wyatt; Conall McCaughey; Peter V. Coyle

2011-01-01

61

Development and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of lymphocystis disease virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV). A set of five specific primers, two inner and two outer primers and a loop primer, were designed on the basis of the major capsid protein gene of LCDV. The reaction time and temperatures were optimized for 60min at 63°C, respectively. LAMP amplification products

Qiong Li; Zhiqin Yue; Hong Liu; Chengzhu Liang; Xiaolong Zheng; Yuran Zhao; Xiao Chen; Xizhi Xiao; Changfu Chen

2010-01-01

62

Rapid detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae by real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

Background and aim of study A significant human pathogenic bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia, and is the subject of many humoral immunity studies. Diagnosis is generally made based on clinical suspicion along with a positive culture from a sample from virtually any place in the body. But the testing time is too long. This study is to establish a rapid diagnostic method to identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Methods Our laboratory has recently developed a new platform called real-amp, which combines loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with a portable tube scanner real-time isothermal instrument for the rapid detection of Streptococcus pneumonia. Two pairs of amplification primers required for this method were derived from a conserved DNA sequence unique to the Streptococcus pneumoniae. The amplification was carried out at 63 degree Celsius using SYBR Green for 60 minutes with the tube scanner set to collect fluorescence signals. Clinical samples of Streptococcus pneumoniae and other bacteria were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the primers by comparing with traditional culture method. Results The new set of primers consistently detected in laboratory-maintained isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae from our hospital. The new primers also proved to be more sensitive than the published species-specific primers specifically developed for the LAMP method in detecting Streptococcus pneumoniae. Conclusions This study demonstrates that the Streptococcus pneumoniae LAMP primers developed here have the ability to accurately detect Streptococcus pneumoniae infections by real-time fluorescence LAMP. PMID:25276360

Guo, Xu-Guang; Zhou, Shan

2014-01-01

63

Fluorescence aptameric sensor for isothermal circular strand-displacement polymerization amplification detection of adenosine triphosphate.  

PubMed

In this work, isothermal circular strand-displacement polymerization amplification assay is developed for highly specific and sensitive detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The amplification process consists of circular common target molecule-displacement polymerization (CCDP) and circular nucleic acid strand-displacement polymerization (CNDP). In the presence of ATP, the complementary strand was released from the aptamer by the target recognition of ATP, and catalyzed the subsequent cycle reaction. With the polymerase and primer, the displaced target triggers the process of CCDP. With the involvement of nicking endonuclease, the released complementary strand triggers the CNDP. Combined CCDP with CNDP, the exponentially produced fluorescence probes are obtained, achieving a detection limit of ATP as low as 2.6 × 10(-10)M. Moreover, the proposed strategy exhibits an excellent specificity and is successfully applied in real sample assay which demonstrates potential application in practical samples. PMID:24851721

Song, Weiling; Zhang, Qiao; Xie, Xuxu; Zhang, Shusheng

2014-11-15

64

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification test for the diagnosis of contagious agalactia in goats.  

PubMed

Contagious agalactia is a highly infectious disease affecting sheep and goats, mainly caused by Mycoplasma agalactiae. Although various tests are available for diagnosis of contagious agalactia, none of them is credited with the capacity to provide rapid and cost-effective diagnosis. This article reports the development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) test targeting the p40 gene of M. agalactiae, for the diagnosis of classical contagious agalactia. Optimum amplification was obtained at 58 °C in 70 min. The developed test was found to be 100-fold more sensitive than PCR and detected up to 20-fg level of DNA. The test was also superior to conventional PCR in detecting from artificially contaminated milk, i.e. 10(4)-fold more sensitive. The developed LAMP test could detect up to 10 cfu/ml of artificially contaminated milk, indicating its potential for being developed as a field test for rapid and sensitive diagnosis. PMID:25616985

Rekha, Valsala; Rana, Rajneesh; Thomas, Prasad; Viswas, Konasagara Nagaleekar; Singh, Vijendra Pal; Agarwal, Rajesh Kumar; Arun, Thachappully Remesh; Karthik, Kumaragurubaran; Sophia, Inbaraj

2015-03-01

65

Microfluidic devices for nucleic acid (NA) isolation, isothermal NA amplification, and real-time detection.  

PubMed

Molecular (nucleic acid)-based diagnostics tests have many advantages over immunoassays, particularly with regard to sensitivity and specificity. Most on-site diagnostic tests, however, are immunoassay-based because conventional nucleic acid-based tests (NATs) require extensive sample processing, trained operators, and specialized equipment. To make NATs more convenient, especially for point-of-care diagnostics and on-site testing, a simple plastic microfluidic cassette ("chip") has been developed for nucleic acid-based testing of blood, other clinical specimens, food, water, and environmental samples. The chip combines nucleic acid isolation by solid-phase extraction; isothermal enzymatic amplification such as LAMP (Loop-mediated AMPlification), NASBA (Nucleic Acid Sequence Based Amplification), and RPA (Recombinase Polymerase Amplification); and real-time optical detection of DNA or RNA analytes. The microfluidic cassette incorporates an embedded nucleic acid binding membrane in the amplification reaction chamber. Target nucleic acids extracted from a lysate are captured on the membrane and amplified at a constant incubation temperature. The amplification product, labeled with a fluorophore reporter, is excited with a LED light source and monitored in situ in real time with a photodiode or a CCD detector (such as available in a smartphone). For blood analysis, a companion filtration device that separates plasma from whole blood to provide cell-free samples for virus and bacterial lysis and nucleic acid testing in the microfluidic chip has also been developed. For HIV virus detection in blood, the microfluidic NAT chip achieves a sensitivity and specificity that are nearly comparable to conventional benchtop protocols using spin columns and thermal cyclers. PMID:25626529

Mauk, Michael G; Liu, Changchun; Sadik, Mohamed; Bau, Haim H

2015-01-01

66

Development of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Detection of Entamoeba histolytica?  

PubMed Central

A novel one-step, closed-tube, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detecting Entamoeba histolytica, one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries, was developed. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay is 1 parasite per reaction. A total of 130 clinical samples were analyzed, and the results compared with those of conventional nested PCR to validate the practicability of this assay. No DNA was amplified from other diarrheal pathogens, such as other Entamoeba species, bacteria, and viruses. These results indicate that LAMP is a rapid, simple, and valuable diagnostic tool for epidemiological studies of amebiasis. PMID:19321720

Liang, Shih-Yu; Chan, Yun-Hsien; Hsia, Kan-Tai; Lee, Jing-Lun; Kuo, Ming-Chu; Hwa, Kuo-Yuan; Chan, Chi-Wen; Chiang, Ting-Yi; Chen, Jung-Sheng; Wu, Fang-Tzy; Ji, Dar-Der

2009-01-01

67

Monitoring the progression of loop-mediated isothermal amplification using conductivity.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) yields a large amount of DNA, as well as magnesium pyrophosphate precipitate, causing a decrease in ionic strength that can be measured with a conductivity meter. There is a clear relationship between the conductivity of the LAMP mixture solution and the duration of biochemical reaction. Moreover, there is also a clear relationship between the change in conductivity and the amount of initial template DNA over the range of 0.08 to 3.2 ng. These results demonstrate the feasibility not only for detecting the LAMP product qualitatively but also for real-time monitoring the biochemical reaction progression quantitatively using conductivity measurements. PMID:25168192

Zhang, Xuzhi; Liu, Wenwen; Lu, Xun; Justin Gooding, J; Li, Qiufen; Qu, Keming

2014-12-01

68

Rapid detection of tobacco mosaic virus using the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) can cause a severe disease that is capable of greatly reducing tobacco quality and yield. In this\\u000a study, a one-step reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detection\\u000a of TMV. The concentration of Mg2+, reaction temperature and reaction time of the RT-LAMP were optimized to 5 mM, 65°C, and 60 min, respectively. The detection\\u000a limit

Yanhua Liu; Zhide Wang; Yumei Qian; Jianmin Mu; Lili Shen; Fenglong Wang; Jinguang Yang

2010-01-01

69

[Colorimetric detection of norovirus genotype GII by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification].  

PubMed

A simple, rapid and sensitive colorimetric reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method was established to detect norovirus genotype GII. The method employed a set of six specially designed primers that recognized eight distinct sequences of RNA-dependant RNA polymerase and capsid protein gene for amplification of nucleic acid under isothermal conditions at 65 degrees C for 60 minutes. The amplification process of RT-LAMP was monitored by the addition of HNB (Hydroxy naphthol blue) dye prior to amplification. A positive reaction was indicated by a color change from violet to sky blue and confirmed by agarose electrophoresis. The specificity of the RT-LAMP was validated by detecting several different diarrhea viruses including norovirus genotype GII. The sensitivity was determined by serial dilutions of RNA molecules from in vitro transcription of norovirus genotype GII in parallel with conventional RT-PCR detection. The assay was further evaluated with 93 clinical specimens of diarrhea patients. The results showed that the sensitivity of RT-LAMP was 1 000 copies/microL with a high specificity and the relative sensitivity was at the same level as that of conventional RT-PCR. Positive rate of RT-LAMP in analysis of clinical specimens was approximately the same as that of conventional RT-PCR as well. This colorimetric RT-LAMP assay was potential for rapid detection of norovirus genotype GII on spot due to the observation of visual result with high specificity and sensitivity, time-saving and cost benefit. PMID:22519179

Luo, Jian-Ming; Wu, Xi-Yang; Xu, Zi-Qian; Luo, Le; Nie, Kai; Yang, Meng-Jie; Zeng, Ya-Lan; Duan, Zhao-Jun; Ma, Xue-Jun

2012-03-01

70

Real-Time Fluorescence Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification for the Detection of Acinetobacter baumannii  

PubMed Central

Background Detection of Acinetobacter baumannii has been relying primarily on bacterial culture that often fails to return useful results in time. Although DNA-based assays are more sensitive than bacterial culture in detecting the pathogen, the molecular results are often inconsistent and challenged by doubts on false positives, such as those due to system- and environment-derived contaminations. In addition, these molecular tools require expensive laboratory instruments. Therefore, establishing molecular tools for field use require simpler molecular platforms. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification method is relatively simple and can be improved for better use in a routine clinical bacteriology laboratory. A simple and portable device capable of performing both the amplification and detection (by fluorescence) of LAMP in the same platform has been developed in recent years. This method is referred to as real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification. In this study, we attempted to utilize this method for rapid detection of A. baumannii. Methodology and Significant Findings Species-specific primers were designed to test the utility of this method. Clinical samples of A. baumannii were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of this system compared to bacterial culture and a polymerase chain reaction method. All positive samples isolated from sputum were confirmed to be the species of Acinetobacter by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The RealAmp method was found to be simpler and allowed real-time detection of DNA amplification, and could distinguish A. baumannii from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Acinetobacter genomic species 3. DNA was extracted by simple boiling method. Compared to bacterial culture, the sensitivity and specificity of RealAmp in detecting A. baumannii was 98.9% and 75.0%, respectively. Conclusion The RealAmp assay only requires a single unit, and the assay positivity can be verified by visual inspection. Therefore, this assay has great potential of field use as a molecular tool for detection of A. baumannii. PMID:23843955

Wang, Qinqin; Zhou, Yanbin; Li, Shaoli; Zhuo, Chao; Xu, Siqi; Huang, Lixia; Yang, Ling; Liao, Kang

2013-01-01

71

Rapid detection of Plasmodium falciparum with isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification and lateral flow analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Nucleic acid amplification is the most sensitive and specific method to detect Plasmodium falciparum. However the polymerase chain reaction remains laboratory-based and has to be conducted by trained personnel. Furthermore, the power dependency for the thermocycling process and the costly equipment necessary for the read-out are difficult to cover in resource-limited settings. This study aims to develop and evaluate a combination of isothermal nucleic acid amplification and simple lateral flow dipstick detection of the malaria parasite for point-of-care testing. Methods A specific fragment of the 18S rRNA gene of P. falciparum was amplified in 10 min at a constant 38°C using the isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) method. With a unique probe system added to the reaction solution, the amplification product can be visualized on a simple lateral flow strip without further labelling. The combination of these methods was tested for sensitivity and specificity with various Plasmodium and other protozoa/bacterial strains, as well as with human DNA. Additional investigations were conducted to analyse the temperature optimum, reaction speed and robustness of this assay. Results The lateral flow RPA (LF-RPA) assay exhibited a high sensitivity and specificity. Experiments confirmed a detection limit as low as 100 fg of genomic P. falciparum DNA, corresponding to a sensitivity of approximately four parasites per reaction. All investigated P. falciparum strains (n?=?77) were positively tested while all of the total 11 non-Plasmodium samples, showed a negative test result. The enzymatic reaction can be conducted under a broad range of conditions from 30-45°C with high inhibitory concentration of known PCR inhibitors. A time to result of 15 min from start of the reaction to read-out was determined. Conclusions Combining the isothermal RPA and the lateral flow detection is an approach to improve molecular diagnostic for P. falciparum in resource-limited settings. The system requires none or only little instrumentation for the nucleic acid amplification reaction and the read-out is possible with the naked eye. Showing the same sensitivity and specificity as comparable diagnostic methods but simultaneously increasing reaction speed and dramatically reducing assay requirements, the method has potential to become a true point-of-care test for the malaria parasite. PMID:24629133

2014-01-01

72

Detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans by the Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method  

PubMed Central

Background Buruli ulcer (BU) caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans (M. ulcerans) has emerged as an important public health problem in several rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are important in preventing disfiguring complications associated with late stages of the disease progression. Presently there is no simple and rapid test that is appropriate for early diagnosis and use in the low-resource settings where M. ulcerans is most prevalent. Methodology We compared conventional and pocket warmer loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) methods (using a heat block and a pocket warmer respectively as heat source for amplification reaction) for the detection of M. ulcerans in clinical specimens. The effect of purified and crude DNA preparations on the detection rate of the LAMP assays were also investigated and compared with that of IS2404 PCR, a reference assay for the detection of M. ulcerans. Thirty clinical specimens from suspected BU cases were examined by LAMP and IS2404 PCR. Principal Findings The lower detection limit of both LAMP methods at 60°C was 300 copies of IS2404 and 30 copies of IS2404 for the conventional LAMP at 65°C. When purified DNA extracts were used, both the conventional LAMP and IS2404 PCR concordantly detected 21 positive cases, while the pocket warmer LAMP detected 19 cases. Nine of 30 samples were positive by both the LAMP assays as well as IS2404 PCR when crude extracts of clinical specimens were used. Conclusion/Significance The LAMP method can be used as a simple and rapid test for the detection of M. ulcerans in clinical specimens. However, obtaining purified DNA, as well as generating isothermal conditions, remains a major challenge for the use of the LAMP method under field conditions. With further improvement in DNA extraction and amplification conditions, the pwLAMP could be used as a point of care diagnostic test for BU PMID:22509415

Ablordey, Anthony; Amissah, Diana Ackon; Aboagye, Isaac Frimpong; Hatano, Ben; Yamazaki, Toshio; Sata, Tetsutaro; Ishikawa, Koichi; Katano, Harutaka

2012-01-01

73

Development of a rapid cyprinid herpesvirus 2 detection method by loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV2) is a pathogen that causes severe disease and high mortality in goldfish and Prussian carp. We developed a six primer loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting the intercapsomeric triplex protein gene. CyHV-2 DNA was 10-fold serially diluted (10(8)-10(0) copies ?l(-1)) and was used as the template to determine primer sensitivity. LAMP assays were performed with DNA templates from other pathogens to determine specificity. The LAMP assay had an unequivocal detection limit of 10 copies ?l(-1), which was 100 times lower than that of the polymerase chain reaction. Other pathogen strains were not amplified by the LAMP primers, indicating good specificity. SYBR Green I was added to visually detect the amplification products. Assay applicability was evaluated in 120 samples of Carassius auratus gibelio, and a positive rate of 92·5% was obtained. In conclusion, a conventional LAMP assay has high convenience, rapidity, sensitivity and specificity for detecting CyHV-2 in infected aquatic organisms. Significance and impact of the study: Herpesviral haematopoietic necrosis, caused by cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2), is a severe disease of goldfish and Prussian carp associated with high mortality. We developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay to detect CyHV-2 at relatively low plasmid DNA copy levels. The results show that the LAMP assay has a number of advantages (simple, sensitive, rapid and specific) over the conventional polymerase chain reaction and can be applied in the laboratory and field. Particularly, the method is highly applicable to facilitate surveillance and early diagnosis of CyHV-2. PMID:24935791

Liang, L-G; Xie, J; Luo, D

2014-10-01

74

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP): methods for plant species identification in food.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a DNA-based analytical method that can be used as an isothermal alternative to polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In comparison to PCR, the advantage of LAMP is the possibility to perform the isothermal reaction without any sophisticated technical equipment; only a water bath is needed, and naked eye detection is sufficient. Up to now, an application of LAMP methods for the detection of even closely related plant species in food or feed matrices has not been described, whereas a large number of PCR methods for that topic are cited in the literature. The aim of the study was the evaluation of LAMP-based methods for plant species identification with respect to method parameters such as R(2), LOD, and LOQ. An existing (real-time) PCR method (for the detection of spices) was used for comparison. It could be shown that the developed LAMP methods have potential as alternative strategies to PCR in DNA-based analysis. PMID:23432417

Focke, Felix; Haase, Ilka; Fischer, Markus

2013-03-27

75

Recombinase-based isothermal amplification of nucleic acids with self-avoiding molecular recognition systems (SAMRS).  

PubMed

Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is an isothermal method to amplify nucleic acid sequences without the temperature cycling that classical PCR uses. Instead of using heat to denature the DNA duplex, RPA uses recombination enzymes to swap single-stranded primers into the duplex DNA product; these are then extended using a strand-displacing polymerase to complete the cycle. Because RPA runs at low temperatures, it never forces the system to recreate base-pairs following Watson-Crick rules, and therefore it produces undesired products that impede the amplification of the desired product, complicating downstream analysis. Herein, we show that most of these undesired side products can be avoided if the primers contain components of a self-avoiding molecular recognition system (SAMRS). Given the precision that is necessary in the recombination systems for them to function biologically, it is surprising that they accept SAMRS. SAMRS-RPA is expected to be a powerful tool within the range of amplification techniques available to scientists. PMID:25209570

Sharma, Nidhi; Hoshika, Shuichi; Hutter, Daniel; Bradley, Kevin M; Benner, Steven A

2014-10-13

76

Detection of the food allergen celery via loop-mediated isothermal amplification technique.  

PubMed

Since 2005, celery and celery products have to be labeled according to Directive 2003/89/EC due to their allergenic potential. In order to provide a DNA-based, rapid and simple detection method suitable for high-throughput analysis, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the detection of celery (Apium graveolens) was developed. The assay was tested for specificity for celery since closely related species also hold food relevance. The limit of detection (LOD) for spiked food samples was found to be as low as 7.8 mg of dry celery powder per kilogram. An evaluation of different amplification and detection platforms was performed to show reliable detection independent from the instrument used for amplification (thermal cycler or heating block) and detection mechanisms (real-time fluorescence detection, agarose gel electrophoresis or nucleic acid staining). The analysis of 10 commercial food samples representing diverse and complex food matrices, and a false-negative rate of 0% for approximately 24 target copies or 0.08 ng celery DNA for three selected food matrices show that LAMP has the potential to be used as an alternative strategy for the detection of allergenic celery. The performance of the developed LAMP assay turned out to be equal or superior to the best available PCR assay for the detection of celery in food products. PMID:24880868

Zahradnik, Celine; Martzy, Roland; Mach, Robert L; Krska, Rudolf; Farnleitner, Andreas H; Brunner, Kurt

2014-11-01

77

Rapid detection of mud crab dicistrovirus-1 using loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Mud crab dicistrovirus-1 (MCDV-1) was isolated from the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain), resulting in mass mortality and widespread economic loss in China. In this study, a detection method for MCDV-1 using loop-mediated isothermal amplification was developed. Two pairs of primers targeting the VP2 gene were designed. These primers were the outer primers F3 and B3, and the inner primers FIP and BIP. Optimal amplification was carried out using 0.2 ?mol/L F3/B3, 1.6 ?mol/L FIP/BIP, 6 mmol/L Mg(2+), 0.8 mmol/L dNTPs, and 0.8 mol/L betaine, and completed in 1h at 62°C. The products demonstrated a ladder pattern on agarose gel electrophoresis and could also be detected visually according to turbidity, or by adding SYBR Green I and observing a color change from orange to green. The proposed method could specifically amplify MCDV-1 gene fragments. Sensitivity assay revealed that six copies of the viral genome could be detected by this method, which was 1000-fold more sensitive than that of conventional PCR using constructed plasmid as amplification template. At clinical sample level, sensitivity of LAMP was 100-fold higher than that of conventional PCR. PMID:25172047

Guo, Zhixun; Zhang, Di; Ma, Hongling; Su, Youlu; Feng, Juan; Xu, Liwen

2014-11-01

78

Development of an in situ loop-mediated isothermal amplification technique for chromosomal localization of DNA sequences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In situ loop-mediated isothermal amplification (in situ LAMP) combines in situ hybridization and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) techniques for chromosomal localization of DNA sequences. In situ LAMP is a method that is generally more specific and sensitive than conventional techniques such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), primed in situ labeling (PRINS), and cycling primed in situ labeling (C-PRINS). Here, we describe the development and application of in situ LAMP to identify the chromosomal localization of DNA sequences. To benchmark this technique, we successfully applied this technique to localize the major ribosomal RNA gene on the chromosomes of the Zhikong scallop ( Chlamys farreri).

Meng, Qinglei; Wang, Shi; Zhang, Lingling; Huang, Xiaoting; Bao, Zhenmin

2013-01-01

79

Strand Invasion Based Amplification (SIBA®): A Novel Isothermal DNA Amplification Technology Demonstrating High Specificity and Sensitivity for a Single Molecule of Target Analyte  

PubMed Central

Isothermal nucleic acid amplification technologies offer significant advantages over polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in that they do not require thermal cycling or sophisticated laboratory equipment. However, non-target-dependent amplification has limited the sensitivity of isothermal technologies and complex probes are usually required to distinguish between non-specific and target-dependent amplification. Here, we report a novel isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology, Strand Invasion Based Amplification (SIBA). SIBA technology is resistant to non-specific amplification, is able to detect a single molecule of target analyte, and does not require target-specific probes. The technology relies on the recombinase-dependent insertion of an invasion oligonucleotide (IO) into the double-stranded target nucleic acid. The duplex regions peripheral to the IO insertion site dissociate, thereby enabling target-specific primers to bind. A polymerase then extends the primers onto the target nucleic acid leading to exponential amplification of the target. The primers are not substrates for the recombinase and are, therefore unable to extend the target template in the absence of the IO. The inclusion of 2?-O-methyl RNA to the IO ensures that it is not extendible and that it does not take part in the extension of the target template. These characteristics ensure that the technology is resistant to non-specific amplification since primer dimers or mis-priming are unable to exponentially amplify. Consequently, SIBA is highly specific and able to distinguish closely-related species with single molecule sensitivity in the absence of complex probes or sophisticated laboratory equipment. Here, we describe this technology in detail and demonstrate its use for the detection of Salmonella. PMID:25419812

Hoser, Mark J.; Mansukoski, Hannu K.; Morrical, Scott W.; Eboigbodin, Kevin E.

2014-01-01

80

NAIL: Nucleic Acid detection using Isotachophoresis and Loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Nucleic acid amplification tests are the gold standard for many infectious disease diagnoses due to high sensitivity and specificity, rapid operation, and low limits of detection. Despite the advantages of nucleic acid amplification tests, they currently offer limited point-of-care (POC) utility due to the need for complex instruments and laborious sample preparation. We report the development of the Nucleic Acid Isotachophoresis LAMP (NAIL) diagnostic device. NAIL uses isotachophoresis (ITP) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to extract and amplify nucleic acids from complex matrices in less than one hour inside of an integrated chip. ITP is an electrokinetic separation technique that uses an electric field and two buffers to extract and purify nucleic acids in a single step. LAMP amplifies nucleic acids at constant temperature and produces large amounts of DNA that can be easily detected. A mobile phone images the amplification results to eliminate the need for laser fluorescent detection. The device requires minimal user intervention because capillary valves and heated air chambers act as passive valves and pumps for automated fluid actuation. In this paper, we describe NAIL device design and operation, and demonstrate the extraction and detection of pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 cells from whole milk samples. We use the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) limit of detection (LoD) definitions that take into account the variance from both positive and negative samples to determine the diagnostic LoD. According to the CLSI definition, the NAIL device has a limit of detection (LoD) of 1000 CFU mL(-1) for E. coli cells artificially inoculated into whole milk, which is two orders of magnitude improvement to standard tube-LAMP reactions with diluted milk samples and comparable to lab-based methods. The NAIL device potentially offers significant reductions in the complexity and cost of traditional nucleic acid diagnostics for POC applications. PMID:25666345

Borysiak, Mark D; Kimura, Kevin W; Posner, Jonathan D

2015-03-17

81

Rapid detection of pathogenic fungi using loop-mediated isothermal amplification, exemplified by Fonsecaea agents of chromoblastomycosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed for rapid detection of pathogenic or allergenic fungal in the environment. Primers applied were derived from the rDNA Internal Transcribed Spacer and the 5.8S rRNA gene. The assay enabled amplification of target fungi at the level of genus or closely related species using pure cultures after 1h reaction at 65°C in a water bath.

Jiufeng Sun; M. J. Najafzadeh; V. Vicente; Liyan Xi; G. S. de Hoog

2010-01-01

82

Rapid Detection of Shrimp White Spot Syndrome Virus by Real Time, Isothermal Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Assay  

PubMed Central

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) causes large economic losses to the shrimp aquaculture industry, and thus far there are no efficient therapeutic treatments available against this lethal virus. In this study, we present the development of a novel real time isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for WSSV detection on a small ESEQuant Tube Scanner device. The RPA sensitivity, specificity and rapidity were evaluated by using a plasmid standard as well as viral and shrimp genomic DNAs. Compared with qPCR, the RPA assay revealed more satisfactory performance. It reached a detection limit up to 10 molecules in 95% of cases as determined by probit analysis of 8 independent experiments within 6.41±0.17 min at 39°C. Consequently, this rapid RPA method has great application potential for field use or point of care diagnostics. PMID:25121957

Xia, Xiaoming; Yu, Yongxin; Weidmann, Manfred; Pan, Yingjie; Yan, Shuling; Wang, Yongjie

2014-01-01

83

Evaluation of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) for Malaria Diagnosis in a Field Setting  

PubMed Central

We used the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method developed by our group for malaria diagnosis with genus-specific and species-specific primers for the four human malaria parasites at a field clinic in comparison with standard microscopy. Among 110 blood samples collected from the malaria clinic in Thailand, LAMP detected 59 of 60 samples positive by microscopy (sensitivity = 98.3%) and none of the 50 microscopy-negative samples (specificity = 100%). Negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of LAMP were 98% and 100%, respectively. These results indicate that LAMP is an effective tool for malaria diagnosis at a field clinic in a field setting. PMID:21976556

Sirichaisinthop, Jeeraphat; Buates, Sureemas; Watanabe, Risa; Han, Eun-Taek; Suktawonjaroenpon, Wachira; Krasaesub, Somporn; Takeo, Satoru; Tsuboi, Takafumi; Sattabongkot, Jetsumon

2011-01-01

84

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for detection of genetically modified maize T25  

PubMed Central

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay indicates a potential and valuable means for genetically modified organism (GMO) detection especially for its rapidity, simplicity, and low cost. We developed and evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of the LAMP method for rapid detection of the genetically modified (GM) maize T25. A set of six specific primers was successfully designed to recognize six distinct sequences on the target gene, including a pair of inner primers, a pair of outer primers, and a pair of loop primers. The optimum reaction temperature and time were verified to be 65°C and 45 min, respectively. The detection limit of this LAMP assay was 5 g kg?1 GMO component. Comparative experiments showed that the LAMP assay was a simple, rapid, accurate, and specific method for detecting the GM maize T25. PMID:24804053

Xu, Junyi; Zheng, Qiuyue; Yu, Ling; Liu, Ran; Zhao, Xin; Wang, Gang; Wang, Qinghua; Cao, Jijuan

2013-01-01

85

Rapid detection of shrimp white spot syndrome virus by real time, isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification assay.  

PubMed

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) causes large economic losses to the shrimp aquaculture industry, and thus far there are no efficient therapeutic treatments available against this lethal virus. In this study, we present the development of a novel real time isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for WSSV detection on a small ESEQuant Tube Scanner device. The RPA sensitivity, specificity and rapidity were evaluated by using a plasmid standard as well as viral and shrimp genomic DNAs. Compared with qPCR, the RPA assay revealed more satisfactory performance. It reached a detection limit up to 10 molecules in 95% of cases as determined by probit analysis of 8 independent experiments within 6.41 ± 0.17 min at 39 °C. Consequently, this rapid RPA method has great application potential for field use or point of care diagnostics. PMID:25121957

Xia, Xiaoming; Yu, Yongxin; Weidmann, Manfred; Pan, Yingjie; Yan, Shuling; Wang, Yongjie

2014-01-01

86

Protein detection through different platforms of immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

Different immunoassay-based methods have been devised to detect protein targets. These methods have some challenges that make them inefficient for assaying ultra-low-amounted proteins. ELISA, iPCR, iRCA, and iNASBA are the common immunoassay-based methods of protein detection, each of which has specific and common technical challenges making it necessary to introduce a novel method in order to avoid their problems for detection of target proteins. Here we propose a new method nominated as ‘immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification’ or ‘iLAMP’. This new method is free from the problems of the previous methods and has significant advantages over them. In this paper we also offer various configurations in order to improve the applicability of this method in real-world sample analyses. Important potential applications of this method are stated as well. PMID:24237767

2013-01-01

87

Protein detection through different platforms of immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different immunoassay-based methods have been devised to detect protein targets. These methods have some challenges that make them inefficient for assaying ultra-low-amounted proteins. ELISA, iPCR, iRCA, and iNASBA are the common immunoassay-based methods of protein detection, each of which has specific and common technical challenges making it necessary to introduce a novel method in order to avoid their problems for detection of target proteins. Here we propose a new method nominated as `immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification' or `iLAMP'. This new method is free from the problems of the previous methods and has significant advantages over them. In this paper we also offer various configurations in order to improve the applicability of this method in real-world sample analyses. Important potential applications of this method are stated as well.

Pourhassan-Moghaddam, Mohammad; Rahmati-Yamchi, Mohammad; Akbarzadeh, Abolfazl; Daraee, Hadis; Nejati-Koshki, Kazem; Hanifehpour, Younes; Joo, Sang Woo

2013-11-01

88

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for detection of genetically modified maize T25.  

PubMed

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay indicates a potential and valuable means for genetically modified organism (GMO) detection especially for its rapidity, simplicity, and low cost. We developed and evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of the LAMP method for rapid detection of the genetically modified (GM) maize T25. A set of six specific primers was successfully designed to recognize six distinct sequences on the target gene, including a pair of inner primers, a pair of outer primers, and a pair of loop primers. The optimum reaction temperature and time were verified to be 65°C and 45 min, respectively. The detection limit of this LAMP assay was 5 g kg(-1) GMO component. Comparative experiments showed that the LAMP assay was a simple, rapid, accurate, and specific method for detecting the GM maize T25. PMID:24804053

Xu, Junyi; Zheng, Qiuyue; Yu, Ling; Liu, Ran; Zhao, Xin; Wang, Gang; Wang, Qinghua; Cao, Jijuan

2013-11-01

89

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli in sugarcane.  

PubMed

Ratoon stunt, caused by the xylem-limited coryneform bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx), is a deep bacteriosis and prevalent in most of sugarcane-producing countries. Based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), we developed a method for detecting Lxx. The major advantages of the LAMP method are visual judgment by color and time saving with only 60?min for identification of Lxx and without the need for costly PCR apparatus and gel scanner. In the present study, positive and negative samples detected by the LAMP method were clearly distinguishable. When total DNA extracted from internode juice was used as the template, the sensitivity of LAMP was 10 times higher than that of the conventional PCR detection. The LAMP assay is a highly specific, rapid, and sensitive method for the diagnosis of ratoon stunt caused by Lxx in sugarcane. This is the first report of LAMP-based assay for the detection of Lxx in sugarcane. PMID:23710444

Liu, Jing; Xu, Liping; Guo, Jinlong; Chen, Rukai; Grisham, Michael Paul; Que, Youxiong

2013-01-01

90

Development of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Detection of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli in Sugarcane  

PubMed Central

Ratoon stunt, caused by the xylem-limited coryneform bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx), is a deep bacteriosis and prevalent in most of sugarcane-producing countries. Based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), we developed a method for detecting Lxx. The major advantages of the LAMP method are visual judgment by color and time saving with only 60?min for identification of Lxx and without the need for costly PCR apparatus and gel scanner. In the present study, positive and negative samples detected by the LAMP method were clearly distinguishable. When total DNA extracted from internode juice was used as the template, the sensitivity of LAMP was 10 times higher than that of the conventional PCR detection. The LAMP assay is a highly specific, rapid, and sensitive method for the diagnosis of ratoon stunt caused by Lxx in sugarcane. This is the first report of LAMP-based assay for the detection of Lxx in sugarcane. PMID:23710444

Liu, Jing; Guo, Jinlong; Chen, Rukai; Grisham, Michael Paul

2013-01-01

91

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based method for rapid mushroom species identification.  

PubMed

Toxic mushroom species, such as the death cap ( Amanita phalloides ), are responsible for most mushroom poisonings. In the present work, novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays were used for the differentiation of even closely related edible and toxic mushroom species. The applicability of these methods was tested by cross-reaction studies and analysis of spiked mushroom samples (raw and fried material). Contaminations at the level of 2% (w/w) could be detected in different mushroom blends. Three detection methods were used: agarose gel analysis, fluorimetric real-time detection, and visual detection by lateral flow dipsticks (LFD). The LAMP assay combined with LFD detection allows the identification of A. phalloides in about 2 h (including DNA extraction) at a very low level of technical equipment (micropestle, water bath, and mobile centrifuge), which makes this technique perfectly suited for on-site applications. PMID:23350919

Vaagt, Franziska; Haase, Ilka; Fischer, Markus

2013-02-27

92

A simple colorimetric DNA detection by target-induced hybridization chain reaction for isothermal signal amplification.  

PubMed

A novel DNA detection method is presented based on a gold nanoparticle (AuNP) colorimetric assay and hybridization chain reaction (HCR). In this method, target DNA hybridized with probe DNA modified on AuNP, and triggered HCR. The resulting HCR products with a large number of negative charges significantly enhanced the stability of AuNPs, inhibiting aggregation of AuNPs at an elevated salt concentration. The approach was highly sensitive and selective. Using this enzyme-free and isothermal signal amplification method, we were able to detect target DNA at concentrations as low as 0.5 nM with the naked eye. Our method also has great potential for detecting other analytes, such as metal ions, proteins, and small molecules, if the target analytes could make HCR products attach to AuNPs. PMID:24780220

Ma, Cuiping; Wang, Wenshuo; Mulchandani, Ashok; Shi, Chao

2014-07-15

93

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification methods for detecting Taylorella equigenitalis and Taylorella asinigenitalis  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Taylorella equigenitalis is a causative bacterium of contagious equine metritis (CEM), and Taylorella asinigenitalis is species belonging to genus Taylorella. The authors developed two loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) methods, Te-LAMP and Ta-LAMP, for detecting T. equigenitalis and T. asinigenitalis, respectively. Using experimentally spiked samples, Te-LAMP was as sensitive as a published semi-nested PCR method, and Ta-LAMP was more sensitive than conventional PCR. Multiplex LAMP worked well without nonspecific reactions, and the analytical sensitivities of multiplex LAMP in the spiked samples were almost equivalent to those of Te-LAMP and Ta-LAMP. Therefore, the LAMP methods are considered useful tools to detect T. equigenitalis and/or T. asinigenitalis, and preventive measures will be rapidly implemented if the occurrence of CEM is confirmed by the LAMP methods. PMID:25829868

KINOSHITA, Yuta; NIWA, Hidekazu; KATAYAMA, Yoshinari; HARIU, Kazuhisa

2015-01-01

94

Detection of red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) causes high mortality in marine fish larvae cultured in China. To control better an outbreak of this virus, a rapid, specific and sensitive detection method based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed. A set of four primers, two outer and two inner, was designed from RGNNV genome RNA. The LAMP reaction mix was optimized. The method was specific as no cross-reaction was observed between white spot syndrome virus, koi herpesvirus, infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus, mud crab reovirus, and grass carp hemorrhage virus. The sensitivity of LAMP was 100-fold higher than the nested PCR in detecting the presence of RGNNV. RGNNV was detected in the brain of Trachinotus ovatus that showed typical symptoms of NNV infection, with the standardized LAMP procedure. PMID:19755132

Xu, Hai-Dong; Feng, Juan; Guo, Zhi-Xun; Ou, You-Jun; Wang, Jiang-Yong

2010-01-01

95

Rapid detection of Salmonella Typhi by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method  

PubMed Central

An in-house loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction was established and evaluated for sensitivity and specificity in detecting the presence of Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi) isolates from Kelantan, Malaysia. Three sets of primers consisting of two outer and 4 inner were designed based on locus STBHUCCB_38510 of chaperone PapD of S. Typhi genes. The reaction was optimised using genomic DNA of S. Typhi ATCC7251 as the template. The products were visualised directly by colour changes of the reaction. Positive results were indicated by green fluorescence and negative by orange colour. The test was further evaluated for specificity, sensitivity and application on field samples. The results were compared with those obtained by gold standard culture method and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). This method was highly specific and -10 times more sensitive in detecting S. Typhi compared to the optimised conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. PMID:25763045

Abdullah, J.; Saffie, N.; Sjasri, F.A.R.; Husin, A.; Abdul-Rahman, Z.; Ismail, A.; Aziah, I.; Mohamed, M.

2014-01-01

96

Chemical-oxidation cleavage triggered isothermal exponential amplification reaction for attomole gene-specific methylation analysis.  

PubMed

Genomic 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) modification is known to extensively regulate gene expression. The sensitive and convenient analysis of gene-specific methylation is wishful but challenging due to the lack of means that can sensitively and sequence-selectively discriminate 5-mC from cytosine without the need for polymerase chain reaction. Here we report a chemical-oxidation cleavage triggered exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR) method named COEXPAR for gene-specific methylation analysis. EXPAR was proved to not only have rapid amplification kinetics under isothermal condition but also show excellent sequence-selectivity and linear-dependence on EXPAR trigger. Further initiation of EXPAR by chemical-cleavage of DNA at 5-mC, the COEXPAR showed high specificity for methylated and nonmethylated DNA, and ?10(7) copies of triggers were replicated in 20 min, which were used to quantify the methylation level at the methylation loci. As a result, the gene-specific methylation level of a p53 gene fragment, as a target model, was analyzed in two linear ranges of 10 fM-1 pM and 1 pM-10 nM, and limits of detection of 411 aM (S/N = 3) by fluorescence, and 576 aM (S/N = 3) by electrochemistry. The method fulfilled the assay in an isothermal way in ?5 h without the need for tedious sample preparation and accurate thermocycling equipment, which is likely to be a facile and ultrasensitive way for gene-specific methylation analysis. PMID:25635709

Xu, Yuzhi; Niu, Chang; Xiao, Xiaofen; Zhu, Wenyuan; Dai, Zong; Zou, Xiaoyong

2015-03-01

97

Isothermal Target and Probe Amplification Assay for the Real-Time Rapid Detection of Staphylococcus aureus.  

PubMed

Staphylococcus aureus, the species most commonly associated with staphylococcal food poisoning, is one of the most prevalent causes of foodborne disease in Korea and other parts of the world, with much damage inflicted to the health of individuals and economic losses estimated at $120 million. To reduce food poisoning outbreaks by implementing prevention methods, rapid detection of S. aureus in foods is essential. Various types of detection methods for S. aureus are available. Although each method has advantages and disadvantages, high levels of sensitivity and specificity are key aspects of a robust detection method. Here, we describe a novel real-time isothermal target and probe amplification (iTPA) method that allows the rapid and simultaneous amplification of target DNA (the S. aureus nuc gene) and a fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based signal probe under isothermal conditions at 61°C or detection of S. aureus in real time. The assay was able to specifically detect all 91 S. aureus strains tested without nonspecific detection of 51 non-S. aureus strains. The real-time iTPA assay detected S. aureus at an initial level of 10(1) CFU in overnight cultures of preenriched food samples (kiwi dressing, soybean milk, and custard cream). The advantage of this detection system is that it does not require a thermal cycler, reducing the cost of the real-time PCR and its footprint. Combined with a miniaturized fluorescence detector, this system can be developed into a simplified quantitative hand-held real-time device, which is often required. The iTPA assay was highly reliable and therefore may be used as a rapid and sensitive means of identifying S. aureus in foods. PMID:25836397

Shin, Hyewon; Kim, Minhwan; Yoon, Eunju; Kang, Gyoungwon; Kim, Seungyu; Song, Aelee; Kim, Jeongsoon

2015-04-01

98

Species and sex identification of Formosa landlocked salmon using loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Species and sex identification are among the most important parameters for conservation management. However, it is extremely difficult to perform such identification in Formosa landlocked salmon (Oncorhynchus masou formosanus). Both sexual dimorphism in landlocked dwarf form Formosa landlocked salmon and morphological difference among cherry salmon complex are minimal. We developed a simple, rapid and noninvasive method for identifying sex and species of this critically endangered species using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique. The LAMP assay showed the advantage of simple detection (evaluated by visual inspection), rapid reaction time (< 1 h), isothermal condition (less equipment required) and high efficiency (only 0.5-5 pg of DNA was required in the reaction mixture). Therefore, the method is more economical and practical than PCR. The LAMP assay can be easily performed in the field and is a valuable tool for detecting sex ratios in wild populations and identifying species in commercial imports. This is the first application of LAMP in identifying species and sex of salmonids as far as we know and clearly shows the potential application of LAMP in molecular ecology and conservation efforts. PMID:21518301

Hsu, Te-Hua; Adiputra, Yudha T; Ohta, Hiromi; Gwo, Jin-Chywan

2011-09-01

99

Rapid identification of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), ranks as one of the world's most destructive agricultural pests. This pest is also widespread and highly invasive; thus, it is a high priority for pest detection and quarantine programs. Although Mediterranean fruit fly adult and third-instar larvae can usually be identified and distinguished from other species by morphological keys, it is often difficult or impossible to identify or distinguish this species from other tephritids by using material from other stages of development. In such situations, use of a molecular technique known as loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) would be valuable as a rapid and robust alternative species diagnostic tool. This method uses isothermal conditions and requires only relatively inexpensive equipment. In this study we have developed a simple and rapid procedure that combines a Chelex-based DNA extraction procedure with LAMP to rapidly detect the presence of Mediterranean fruit fly DNA and discriminate it from other species, by using material from different stages of development. Amounts of DNA as little as that recovered from a single egg were shown to be adequate for the analysis, and LAMP itself required only 45 min to complete. PMID:19610444

Huang, Chin-Gi; Hsu, Ju-Chun; Haymer, David S; Lin, Guo-Cih; Wu, Wen-Jer

2009-06-01

100

Detection of pathogen-specific antibodies by loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a method for enzymatically replicating DNA that has great utility for clinical diagnosis at the point of care (POC), given its high sensitivity, specificity, speed, and technical requirements (isothermal conditions). Here, we adapted LAMP for measuring protein analytes by creating a protein-DNA fusion (referred to here as a "LAMPole") that attaches oligonucleotides (LAMP templates) to IgG antibodies. This fusion consists of a DNA element covalently bonded to an IgG-binding polypeptide (protein L/G domain). In our platform, LAMP is expected to provide the most suitable means for amplifying LAMPoles for clinical diagnosis at the POC, while quantitative PCR is more suitable for laboratory-based quantification of antigen-specific IgG abundance. As proof of concept, we measured serological responses to a protozoan parasite by quantifying changes in solution turbidity in real time. We observed a >6-log fold difference in signal between sera from vaccinated versus control mice and in a clinical patient sample versus a control. We assert that LAMPoles will be useful for increasing the sensitivity of measuring proteins, whether it be in a clinical laboratory or in a field setting, thereby improving acute diagnosis of a variety of infections. PMID:25651920

Burbulis, Ian E; Yamaguchi, Kumiko; Nikolskaia, Olga V; Prigge, Sean T; Magez, Stefan; Bisser, Sylvie; Reller, Megan E; Grab, Dennis J

2015-04-01

101

A Simple Isothermal DNA Amplification Method to Screen Black Flies for Onchocerca volvulus Infection  

PubMed Central

Onchocerciasis is a debilitating neglected tropical disease caused by infection with the filarial parasite Onchocerca volvulus. Adult worms live in subcutaneous tissues and produce large numbers of microfilariae that migrate to the skin and eyes. The disease is spread by black flies of the genus Simulium following ingestion of microfilariae that develop into infective stage larvae in the insect. Currently, transmission is monitored by capture and dissection of black flies and microscopic examination of parasites, or using the polymerase chain reaction to determine the presence of parasite DNA in pools of black flies. In this study we identified a new DNA biomarker, encoding O. volvulus glutathione S-transferase 1a (OvGST1a), to detect O. volvulus infection in vector black flies. We developed an OvGST1a-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay where amplification of specific target DNA is detectable using turbidity or by a hydroxy naphthol blue color change. The results indicated that the assay is sensitive and rapid, capable of detecting DNA equivalent to less than one microfilaria within 60 minutes. The test is highly specific for the human parasite, as no cross-reaction was detected using DNA from the closely related and sympatric cattle parasite Onchocerca ochengi. The test has the potential to be developed further as a field tool for use in the surveillance of transmission before and after implementation of mass drug administration programs for onchocerciasis. PMID:25299656

Alhassan, Andy; Makepeace, Benjamin L.; LaCourse, Elwyn James; Osei-Atweneboana, Mike Y.; Carlow, Clotilde K. S.

2014-01-01

102

Sensitive colorimetric detection of Listeria monocytogenes based on isothermal gene amplification and unmodified gold nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), one of most problematic food-borne bacteria, is mainly transmitted through the food chain and may cause listeriosis. Therefore, the development of rapid and sensitive L. monocytogenes detection technique has become an urgent task. In this study, we proposed a method using hyperbranching rolling circle amplification (HRCA) combined with gold nanoparticle (GNP) based colorimetric strategy to offer an isothermal, highly sensitive and specific assay for the detection of L. monocytogenes. First, a linear padlock probe targeting a specific sequence in the hly gene was designed and followed with a ligation by Taq DNA ligase. After ligation, further amplification by HRCA with a thiolated primer and an unlabeled primer is performed. The resulting thiolated HRCA products were then captured onto GNP surface and made GNP more salt-tolerant. Detection of the bacteria can be achieved by a facilitated GNP based colorimetric testing using naked eyes. Through this approach, as low as 100 aM synthetic hly gene targets and about 75 copies of L. monocytogenes can be detected. The specificity is evaluated by distinguishing target L. monocytogenes from other bacteria. The artificial contaminated food samples were also detected for its potential applications in real food detection. This method described here is ideal for bacteria detection due to its simplicity and high sensitivity. PMID:23948710

Fu, Zhongyu; Zhou, Xiaoming; Xing, Da

2013-12-15

103

A real-time microfluidic multiplex electrochemical loop-mediated isothermal amplification chip for differentiating bacteria.  

PubMed

This report shows that loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of nucleic acid can be integrated on a laser etched indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode-based multiplex microfluidic chip for real-time quantitative differentiation of bacteria; we call this technique microfluidic multiplex electrochemical LAMP (?ME-LAMP) system. Three important acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) related bacteria, namely Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), Haemophilus influenza (HIN), and Klebsiella pneumonia (KPN) were chosen for this study. We monitored the amplification process by measuring and analyzing the electrochemical signal of methylene blue (MB) through eight etched ITO electrochemical reactors. The results indicated that this assay with the ability of analyzing multiple genes qualitatively and quantitatively is highly specific, operationally simple, and cost/time effective. It exhibits high sensitivity with detection limits of 28, 17, and 16 copies ?L(-1) for MTB, HIN, and KPN, respectively. The whole differentiation can be finished in a short time of 45 min, which has the potential to apply in clinical diagnosis. PMID:24787122

Luo, Juan; Fang, Xueen; Ye, Daixing; Li, Huixiang; Chen, Hui; Zhang, Song; Kong, Jilie

2014-10-15

104

Sensitive Detection of Xanthomonas oryzae Pathovars oryzae and oryzicola by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Molecular diagnostics for crop diseases can enhance food security by enabling the rapid identification of threatening pathogens and providing critical information for the deployment of disease management strategies. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a PCR-based tool that allows the rapid, highly specific amplification of target DNA sequences at a single temperature and is thus ideal for field-level diagnosis of plant diseases. We developed primers highly specific for two globally important rice pathogens, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the causal agent of bacterial blight (BB) disease, and X. oryzae pv. oryzicola, the causal agent of bacterial leaf streak disease (BLS), for use in reliable, sensitive LAMP assays. In addition to pathovar distinction, two assays that differentiate X. oryzae pv. oryzae by African or Asian lineage were developed. Using these LAMP primer sets, the presence of each pathogen was detected from DNA and bacterial cells, as well as leaf and seed samples. Thresholds of detection for all assays were consistently 104 to 105 CFU ml?1, while genomic DNA thresholds were between 1 pg and 10 fg. Use of the unique sequences combined with the LAMP assay provides a sensitive, accurate, rapid, simple, and inexpensive protocol to detect both BB and BLS pathogens. PMID:24837384

Lang, Jillian M.; Langlois, Paul; Nguyen, Marian Hanna R.; Triplett, Lindsay R.; Purdie, Laura; Holton, Timothy A.; Djikeng, Appolinaire; Vera Cruz, Casiana M.; Verdier, Valérie

2014-01-01

105

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for detection of Babesia gibsoni infection in dogs.  

PubMed

Diagnosis of canine babesiosis, caused by Babesia gibsoni is difficult, especially in chronically infected dogs. A loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed and standardized by using four oligonucleotide primers targeting the hypervariable region of 18S rRNA gene (GenBank Acc. no. KC461261). The primers specifically amplified B. gibsoni DNA, while no amplification was detected with DNA from non-infected dogs as well as from dogs infected with Babesia canis vogeli, Hepatozoon canis, Ehrlichia canis and Trypanosoma evansi. The assay could detect 1.35×10(-7) parasitaemia and 10(-4) dilution of recombinant plasmid, equivalent to 12pg of target DNA. All the samples were tested by nested PCR as well as LAMP assay. LAMP was found to be 10 times more sensitive than nested PCR targeting the same gene. Out of 75 suspected field samples, collected from different parts of the country, LAMP could detect B. gibsoni in 43 samples, while nested PCR and microscopy could detect 37 and 23 samples, respectively. High sensitivity, specificity and rapidity of LAMP assay may be exploited for screening large number of samples in a field setting. PMID:25749021

Mandal, Mrityunjay; Banerjee, Partha S; Kumar, Saroj; Ram, Hira; Garg, Rajat; Pawde, Abhijit M

2015-04-15

106

Development and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection and identification of Pectobacterium atrosepticum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through exploration of available genomic sequence data for pectolytic bacterial plant pathogens, we identified genomic fragments best suited for developing specific diagnostic assays. A gene cluster encoding a pathogenicity-related phytotoxin similar to coronafacic acid of Pseudomonas syringae was identified as suitable for developing a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid identification and detection of Pectobacterium atrosepticum, the causal agent

Xiang Li; Jingbai Nie; Leonard J. Ward; Jennifer Nickerson; Solke H. De Boer

2011-01-01

107

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay targeting the ompA gene for rapid detection of Riemerella anatipestifer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed and evaluated for the detection of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) infection. The LAMP assay exhibited a higher sensitivity than conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and microbial isolation. The specificity of the assay was determined by restriction enzyme digestion of the LAMP products and detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica and Pasteurella multocida.

Fuying Zheng; Guozhen Lin; Jizhang Zhou; Guanghua Wang; Xiaoan Cao; Xiaowei Gong; Changqing Qiu

2011-01-01

108

Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid and sensitive detection of nervous necrosis virus in groupers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method is a sensitive nucleic acid diagnostic method that can amplify rapidly a target template; it can be applied for the diagnosis of viral disease in grouper aquaculture. In this study, two outer and two inner primers were designed from nervous necrosis virus (NNV) coat protein gene sequence. The reaction temperature and time

Chia-Hsuan Sung; Jenn-Kan Lu

2009-01-01

109

Development of Rapid Isothermal Amplification Assays for Detection of Phytophthora spp. in Plant Tissue.  

PubMed

Several isothermal amplification techniques recently have been developed that are tolerant of inhibitors present in many plant extracts, which can reduce the need for obtaining purified DNA for running diagnostic assays. One such commercially available technique that has similarities with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for designing primers and a labeled probe is recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). This technology was used to develop two simple and rapid approaches for detection of Phytophthora spp.: one genus-specific assay multiplexed with a plant internal control and the other species-specific assays for Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae. All assays were tested for sensitivity (ranging from 3 ng to 1 fg of DNA) and specificity using DNA extracted from more than 136 Phytophthora taxa, 21 Pythium spp., 1 Phytopythium sp., and a wide range of plant species. The lower limit of linear detection using purified DNA was 200 to 300 fg of DNA in all pathogen RPA assays. Six different extraction buffers were tested for use during plant tissue maceration and the assays were validated in the field by collecting 222 symptomatic plant samples from over 50 different hosts. Only 56 samples were culture positive for Phytophthora spp. whereas 91 were positive using the Phytophthora genus-specific RPA test and a TaqMan real-time PCR assay. A technique for the generation of sequencing templates from positive RPA amplifications to confirm species identification was also developed. These RPA assays have added benefits over traditional technologies because they are rapid (results can be obtained in as little as 15 min), do not require DNA extraction or extensive training to complete, use less expensive portable equipment than PCR-based assays, and are significantly more specific than current immunologically based methods. This should provide a rapid, field-deployable capability for pathogen detection that will facilitate point-of-sample collection processing, thereby reducing the time necessary for accurate diagnostics and making management decisions. PMID:25208239

Miles, Timothy D; Martin, Frank N; Coffey, Michael D

2015-02-01

110

Rapid detection of diagnostic targets using isothermal amplification and HyBeacon probes - A homogenous system for sequence-specific detection.  

PubMed

Isothermal amplification is a rapid, simple alternative to PCR, with amplification commonly detected using fluorescently labelled oligonucleotide probes, intercalating dyes or increased turbidity as a result of magnesium pyrophosphate generation. SNP identification is possible but requires either allele-specific primers or multiple dye-labelled probes, but further downstream processing is often required for allelic identification. Here we demonstrate that modification of common isothermal amplification methods by the addition of HyBeacon probes permits homogeneous sequence detection and discrimination by melting or annealing curve analysis. Furthermore, we demonstrate that isothermal amplification and sequence discrimination is possible directly from a crude sample such as an expressed buccal swab. PMID:25542839

Howard, Rebecca L; French, David J; Richardson, James A; O'Neill, Colette E; Andreou, Michael P; Brown, Tom; Clark, Duncan; Clarke, Ian N; Holloway, John W; Marsh, Peter; Debenham, Paul G

2015-04-01

111

Current state and future perspectives of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based diagnosis of filamentous fungi and yeasts.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification is a rather novel method of enzymatic deoxyribonucleic acid amplification which can be applied for the diagnosis of viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Although firmly established in viral and bacterial diagnosis, the technology has only recently been applied to a noteworthy number of species in the filamentous fungi and yeasts. The current review gives an overview of the literature so far published on the topic by discussing the different groups of fungal organisms to which the method has been applied. Moreover, the method is described in detail as well as the different possibilities available for signal detection and quantification and sample preparation. Future perspective of loop-mediated isothermal amplification-based assays is discussed in the light of applicability for fungal diagnostics. PMID:25492418

Niessen, Ludwig

2015-01-01

112

Rapid detection of metastasis of gastric cancer using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Tailor-made surgeries for patients with solid malignancies have been under consideration on the basis of the development of new approaches for minor metastatic foci of malignant tumors. Accurate and reliable methods to detect metastases in biopsy specimens with certain rapidity are essential for the performance of these surgeries. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and practical method to detect metastasis in specimens from patients with gastric carcinoma with the use of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) reaction, a novel technique for detecting mRNA expressions of targeted sequences with high sensitivity, specificity and rapidity under isothermal conditions. RT-LAMP primers to detect cytokeratin19 (CK19) mRNA were generated and 92 lymph nodes (LNs) obtained from 9 patients with gastric cancer were tested for tumor metastases with this technique. Among 92 LNs, 15 were metastasis-positive by routine histopathological examination. RT-LAMP reaction detected CK19 expression in all of the pathologically positive LNs and in 16 of 77 negative LNs. Nested RT-PCR assay for CK19 expression was also performed on 2 of the 9 cases including 32 LNs. The agreement rate of CK19 expression detection by RT-LAMP and RT-PCR analysis was 31/32 (97%). The RT-LAMP technique showed similar sensitivity to detect metastases as nested RT-PCR assay, with a rapidity comparable to that of intraoperative histopathological examination with frozen sectioning and hematoxylin and eosin staining. This method is expected to play an essential role in the performance of tailor-made surgeries in the near future. PMID:17139607

Horibe, Daisuke; Ochiai, Takenori; Shimada, Hideaki; Tomonaga, Takeshi; Nomura, Fumio; Gun, Ma; Tanizawa, Tohru; Hayashi, Hideki

2007-03-01

113

Integrated centrifugal reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification microdevice for influenza A virus detection.  

PubMed

An integrated reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) microdevice which consists of microbead-assisted RNA purification and RT-LAMP with real-time monitoring by a miniaturized optical detector was demonstrated. The integrated RT-LAMP microdevice includes four reservoirs for a viral RNA sample (purified influenza A viral RNA or lysates), a washing solution (70% ethanol), an elution solution (RNase-free water), and an RT-LAMP cocktail, and two chambers (a waste chamber and an RT-LAMP reaction chamber). The separate reservoirs for a washing solution, an elution solution, and an RT-LAMP cocktail were designed with capillary valves for stable storage. Three influenza A virus strains (A/H1N1, A/H3N2, and A/H5N1) were used for RNA templates, and RT-LAMP primer sets were designed to detect hemagglutinin (HA) and conserved M gene. Sequential sample flow to the microbeads for RNA purification was achieved by centrifugal force with optimization of capillary valves and a siphon channel. Furthermore, the purified RNA solution was successfully isolated from the waste solution by changing the rotational direction, and combined with the RT-LAMP cocktail in the RT-LAMP reaction chamber for target gene amplification. Total process from the sample injection to the result was completed in 47min. Influenza A H1N1 virus was confirmed on the integrated RT-LAMP microdevice even with 10 copies of viral RNAs, which revealed 10-fold higher sensitivity than that of a conventional RT-PCR. Subtyping and specificity test of influenza A H1N1 viral lysates were also performed and clinical samples were successfully genotyped to confirm influenza A virus on our proposed integrated microdevice. PMID:25569879

Jung, Jae Hwan; Park, Byung Hyun; Oh, Seung Jun; Choi, Goro; Seo, Tae Seok

2015-06-15

114

G-quadruplex based two-stage isothermal exponential amplification reaction for label-free DNA colorimetric detection.  

PubMed

A novel G-quadruplex based two-stage isothermal exponential amplification reaction (GQ-EXPAR) was developed for label-free DNA colorimetric detection in this work. The exponential amplified trigger DNA in the first stage can convert into G-quadruplex sequence EAD2 by a linear amplification circuit in the second stage. Created EAD2 can form G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme to act as a direct signal readout element. The GQ-EXPAR combines the exponential amplification of DNA sequence and the peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme induced signal amplification, which achieves tandem dual-amplification. Taking advantages of isothermal incubation, this label-free homogeneous assay obviates the need of thermal cycling . As no complex synthesis or extra downstream operation is needed, the whole easy handling procedure can be finished in no more than 1h. This assay allows the sensing of the model DNA with the limit of detection to be 2.5pM. Moreover, it demonstrates good discrimination of mismatched sequences. The strategy has also been successfully implemented to sensitively detect Tay-Sachs genetic disorder mutant. PMID:24508547

Nie, Ji; Zhang, De-Wen; Tie, Cai; Zhou, Ying-Lin; Zhang, Xin-Xiang

2014-06-15

115

Rapid detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mouse feces by colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

A colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with hydroxy naphthol blue was designed to amplify a region in the outer membrane lipoprotein (oprL) gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The LAMP assay showed 100% specificity for the serogroup and other bacteria, and the sensitivity was 10-fold higher than that of the PCR assays. The LAMP assay could detect P. aeruginosa inoculated in mouse feces at 130 colony-forming units (CFU)/0.1g feces (3.25 CFU/reaction). The assay was completed within 2h from DNA extraction. In a field trial, the LAMP assay revealed that none of the 27 samples was obtained from 2 specific pathogen-free (SPF) mouse facilities that were monitoring infection with P. aeruginosa; 1 out of 12 samples from an SPF mouse facility that was not monitoring infection with P. aeruginosa and 2 out of 7 samples from a conventional mouse facility were positive for P. aeruginosa. In contrast, P. aeruginosa was not detected in any of the samples by a conventional culture assay. Thus, this colorimetric LAMP assay is a simple and rapid method for P. aeruginosa detection. PMID:20298724

Goto, Motoki; Shimada, Kayo; Sato, Ayako; Takahashi, Eri; Fukasawa, Takafumi; Takahashi, Tomoki; Ohka, Seii; Taniguchi, Takahide; Honda, Eiichi; Nomoto, Akio; Ogura, Atsuo; Kirikae, Teruo; Hanaki, Ken-Ichi

2010-06-01

116

Detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae by colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is one of the most important pathogens that cause respiratory tract infection in children and adults. In this study, we describe a rapid and sensitive colorimetric loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect M. pneumoniae. The specificity and sensitivity of this assay were detected with 21 common respiratory pathogens and 39 M. pneumoniae DNA. The sensitivity of LAMP was 100% among 39 M. pneumoniae isolates and the specificity was 100% among 9 members of other Mycoplasma and 12 common respiratory pathogens. The lowest detectable limit (LDL) of this assay was 102 copies, which detected by a series of standard M. pneumoniae DNA. To evaluate the clinical applicability of the LAMP assay, a total of 80 clinical samples were examined by conventional PCR, real-time PCR and the LAMP assays, respectively. The positive rates were 15.0%, 32.5% and 26.3%, respectively. This colorimetric LAMP assay demonstrated a high level of sensitivity comparable with that of conventional PCR for the detection of M. pneumoniae. It is a valuable method for simple, cost-effective and rapid detection of M. pneumoniae in the rural areas and basic clinical of China. PMID:23529294

Zhao, Fei; Liu, Zhong; Gu, Yixin; Yang, Yuelian; Xiao, Di; Tao, Xiaoxia; Meng, Fanliang; He, Lihua; Zhang, Jianzhong

2013-03-01

117

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for screening of bacterial integrons  

PubMed Central

Background The occurrence and prevalence of integrons in clinical microorganisms and their role played in antimicrobial resistance have been well studied recently. As screening and detection of integrons are concerned, current diagnostic methodologies are restricted by significant drawbacks and novel methods are required for integrons detection. Results In this study, three loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays targeting on class 1, 2 and 3 integrons were implemented and evaluated. Optimization of these detection assays were performed, including studing on the reaction temperature, volume, time, sensitivity and specificity (both primers and targets). Application of the established LAMP assays were further verified on a total of 1082 isolates (previously identified to be 397 integron-positive and 685 integron-negative strains). According to the results, the indispensability of each primer had been confirmed and the optimal reaction temperature, volume and time were found to be 65°C, 45 min and 25 ?L, respectively. As application was concerned, 361, 28 and 8 isolates carrying intI1, intI2 and intI3 yielded positive amplicons, respectively. Other 685 integron-negative bacteria were negative for the integron-screening LAMP assays, totaling the detection rate and specificity to be 100%. Conclusions The intI1-, intI2- and intI3-LAMP assays established in this study were demonstrated to be the valid and rapid detection methodologies for the screening of bacterial integrons. PMID:25418445

2014-01-01

118

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification: rapid detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection in Pomacea canaliculata  

PubMed Central

Background Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic parasite that causes eosinophilic meningitis in humans. The most common source of infection with A. cantonensis is the consumption of raw or undercooked mollusks (e.g., snails and slugs) harbouring infectious third-stage larvae (L3). However, the parasite is difficult to identify in snails. The purpose of this study was to develop a quick, simple molecular method to survey for A. cantonensis in intermediate host snails. Findings We used a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, which was performed using Bst DNA polymerase. Reactions amplified the A. cantonensis 18S rRNA gene and demonstrated high sensitivity; as little as 1 fg of DNA was detected in the samples. Furthermore, no cross-reactivity was found with other parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii, Plasmodium falciparum, Schistosoma japonicum, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus westermani and Anisakis. Pomacea canaliculata snails were exposed to A. cantonensis first-stage larvae (L1) in the laboratory, and L3 were observed in the snails thirty-five days after infection. All nine samples were positive as determined by the LAMP assay for A. cantonensis, which was identified as positive by using PCR and microscopy, this demonstrates that LAMP is sensitive and effective for diagnosis. Conclusions LAMP is an appropriate diagnostic method for the routine identification of A. cantonensis within its intermediate host snail P. canaliculata because of its simplicity, sensitivity, and specificity. It holds great promise as a useful monitoring tool for A. cantonensis in endemic regions. PMID:22023992

2011-01-01

119

Rapid detection of Lassa virus by reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

In this study, a simple one-step reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for rapid detection of Lassa virus (LASV) was established. The two primer sets were designed to detect LASV circulating in Sierra Leone and northeastern Nigeria. The RT-LAMP assay using these primer sets was able to detect 100 copies of the in vitro transcribed artificial LASV RNA within 25 min. The assay was also evaluated using intact viral RNA extracted from cell culture-propagated viruses and confirmed to be highly specific for LASV. The RT-LAMP assay developed in this study is rapid, simple, and highly specific for the detection of LASV, although its sensitivity is slightly lower than that of real-time RT-PCR. In addition, because the RT-LAMP assay does not require the use of sophisticated equipment, it would be advantageous for clinical diagnosis of LASV infection in developing countries. It might also be employed in cases of deliberate release during bioterrorism attacks or in epidemiological surveillance for disease outbreaks. PMID:21175773

Fukuma, Aiko; Kurosaki, Yohei; Morikawa, Yuko; Grolla, Allen; Feldmann, Heinz; Yasuda, Jiro

2012-01-01

120

Rapid detection of equine coronavirus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the rapid detection of equine coronavirus (ECoV). This assay was conducted at 60°C for 40min. Specificity of the RT-LAMP assay was confirmed using several equine intestinal and respiratory pathogens in addition to ECoV. The novel assay failed to cross-react with the other pathogens tested, suggesting it is highly specific for ECoV. Using artificially synthesized ECoV RNA, the 50% detection limit of the RT-LAMP assay was 10(1.8)copies/reaction. This is a 50-fold greater sensitivity than conventional reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays, but a 4-fold lower sensitivity than quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Eighty-two fecal samples collected during ECoV outbreaks were analyzed. ECoV was detected in 59 samples using the RT-LAMP assay, and in 30 and 65 samples using RT-PCR or qRT-PCR assays, respectively. Although the RT-LAMP assay is less sensitive than qRT-PCR techniques, it can be performed without the need for expensive equipment. Thus, the RT-LAMP assay might be suitable for large-scale surveillance and diagnosis of ECoV infection in laboratories with limited resources. PMID:25682750

Nemoto, Manabu; Morita, Yoshinori; Niwa, Hidekazu; Bannai, Hiroshi; Tsujimura, Koji; Yamanaka, Takashi; Kondo, Takashi

2015-04-01

121

Molecular detection of Coxiella burnetii using an alternative loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (LAMP).  

PubMed

Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii, is a worldwide zoonosis with important consequences for human and animal health. In livestock, the diagnosis, using direct and indirect techniques, is challenging even if to tackle coxiellosis in domesticated animals a rapid diagnosis is crucial. In the recent years, new molecular methods have been developed to overcome these issues. Several polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays have been studied, but loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has not been fully developed. This new methodology is emerging due to simplicity and speed in diagnosis of microbial diseases. In this study, we design a new LAMP assay against C. burnetii targeting the com1 gene as an actual alternative to conventional PCR. The assay was specific to C. burnetii reactive with sensitivity comparable to standard PCR. The application of the com1 LAMP on 10 clinical samples from water buffalo, sheep, and goats, previously tested positive, confirmed the presence of C. burnetii. To our knowledge, this study is the first report of LAMP targeting C. burnetii in Europe and the results also suggest that it may be an useful and cost-effective tool for the clinical and epidemiological surveillance of Q Fever. PMID:25842216

Raele, Donato Antonio; Garofolo, Giuliano; Galante, Domenico; Cafiero, Maria Assunta

2015-03-31

122

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for detection of Perkinsus spp. in mollusks.  

PubMed

Perkinsus is a genus of unicellular protozoan parasite responsible for mass mortality of several commercially valuable mollusks. Surveillance and inspection of its epidemiology in the field calls for convenient and rapid detection methods. Here, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect the presence of Perkinsus spp. in mollusks. Specific LAMP primers were designed targeting the conserved internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2) region of the rRNA gene of Perkinsus spp. Using ITS-2 recombinant plasmid as a template, we optimized the LAMP reaction system and conditions and then evaluated the analytical sensitivity and specificity of the assay. The LAMP assay was validated using clam samples collected from coastal areas in eastern China and oysters imported to China and compared with the traditional Ray's fluid thioglycollate culture method (RFTM). Our results showed that the LAMP detection method for Perkinsus was successful. The detection limit was 10 copies of plasmid DNA. Compared to the RFTM assay, the LAMP detection method was more sensitive (56 versus 52 positive out of 60 samples). P. olseni and P. marinus from infected hosts were successfully detected by this method. The LAMP method is rapid, sensitive, and specific for Perkinsus spp. detection, and could be used to screen for perkinsosis both on farms and at ports. PMID:23709467

Feng, Chunyan; Wang, Caixia; Lin, Xiangmei; Zhang, Yongning; Lv, Jizhou; Deng, Junhua; Yuan, Xiangfen; Mei, Lin; Wu, Shaoqiang

2013-05-27

123

Rapid detection of the Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) gene by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).  

PubMed

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPC), which are associated with resistance to carbapenem, have recently spread worldwide and have become a global concern. It is necessary to detect KPC-producing organisms in clinical settings to be able to control the spread of this resistance. We have developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid detection of KPC producers. LAMP primer sets were designed to recognize the homologous regions of blaKPC-2 to blaKPC-17 and could amplify blaKPC rapidly. The specificity and sensitivity of the primers in the LAMP reactions for blaKPC detection were determined. This LAMP assay was able to specifically detect KPC producers at 68 °C, and no cross-reactivity was observed for other types of ?-lactamase (class A, B, C, or D) producers. The detection limit for this assay was found to be 10(0) CFU per tube, in 25 min, which was 10-fold more sensitive than a PCR assay for blaKPC detection. Then, the sensitivity of the LAMP reactions for blaKPC detection in human specimens (sputum samples, urine samples, fecal samples and blood samples) was analyzed; it was observed that the LAMP assay had almost the same sensitivity in these samples as when using purified DNA. The LAMP assay is easy to perform and rapid. It may therefore be routinely applied for detection of KPC producers in the clinical laboratory. PMID:25529001

Nakano, Ryuichi; Nakano, Akiyo; Ishii, Yoshikazu; Ubagai, Tsuneyuki; Kikuchi-Ueda, Takane; Kikuchi, Hirotoshi; Tansho-Nagakawa, Shigeru; Kamoshida, Go; Mu, Xiaoqin; Ono, Yasuo

2015-03-01

124

A Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay Optimized to Detect Multiple HIV Subtypes  

PubMed Central

Diagnostic methods for detecting and quantifying HIV RNA have been improving, but efficient methods for point-of-care analysis are still needed, particularly for applications in resource-limited settings. Detection based on reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) is particularly useful for this, because when combined with fluorescence-based DNA detection, RT-LAMP can be implemented with minimal equipment and expense. Assays have been developed to detect HIV RNA with RT-LAMP, but existing methods detect only a limited subset of HIV subtypes. Here we report a bioinformatic study to develop optimized primers, followed by empirical testing of 44 new primer designs. One primer set (ACeIN-26), targeting the HIV integrase coding region, consistently detected subtypes A, B, C, D, and G. The assay was sensitive to at least 5000 copies per reaction for subtypes A, B, C, D, and G, with Z-factors of above 0.69 (detection of the minor subtype F was found to be unreliable). There are already rapid and efficient assays available for detecting HIV infection in a binary yes/no format, but the rapid RT-LAMP assay described here has additional uses, including 1) tracking response to medication by comparing longitudinal values for a subject, 2) detecting of infection in neonates unimpeded by the presence of maternal antibody, and 3) detecting infection prior to seroconversion. PMID:25675344

Ocwieja, Karen E.; Sherrill-Mix, Scott; Liu, Changchun; Song, Jinzhao; Bau, Haim; Bushman, Frederic D.

2015-01-01

125

Rapid diagnosis of micrometastasis of gastric cancer using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Methods to detect metastases in biopsy specimens with certain rapidity and accuracy are essential to performing tailor-made surgeries for solid malignancies. Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) reaction is a novel technique for detecting mRNA expression of target sequences with high sensitivity and rapidity, even from crude samples without RNA purification. Applicability to detect lymph node (LN) micrometastasis of gastric cancer was tested. Total of 26 LNs were retrieved from 10 patients with primary gastric cancer. Each LN was serially sectioned, and every set of three serial sections were tested for routine histopathological (H&E) and immunohistochemical examination with anti-cytokeratin antibodies (IHC), and RT-LAMP analysis targeted cytokeratin 19 mRNA. Results from H&E/IHC and RT-LAMP analysis were compared in each set of sections. All the sections of those containing metastatic lesions equivalent to a volume of overt metastasis (maximum diameter>2 mm), 90% of those containing micrometastasis (between 2 and 0.2 mm) and 83% of those containing isolated tumor cells (<0.2 mm) were detectable using this procedure. Total analysis from lysates of clinical specimens required<75 min. This new technique is suggested to be an alternative to rapid diagnosis of micrometastasis based on conventional histopathological analysis. PMID:21769432

Muto, Yorihiko; Matubara, Hisahiro; Tanizawa, Tohru; Nabeya, Yoshihiro; Kawahira, Hiroshi; Akai, Takashi; Hoshino, Isamu; Hayashi, Hideki

2011-10-01

126

A real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Shigella species.  

PubMed

Shigellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the genus Shigella and is an important global health issue. The development of effective techniques for rapid detection of this pathogen is essential for breaking the chain of transmission. Therefore, we have developed a novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting the invasion plasmid antigen H (ipaH) gene to rapidly detect Shigella species. This assay could be performed in 90 min at an optimal temperature of 64ºC, with endpoint results visualized directly. Notably, the method was found to be more sensitive than conventional PCR. Indeed, the detection limit for the LAMP assay on pure bacterial cultures was 5.9 x 10(5) CFU/ml, while PCR displayed a limit of 5.9 x 10(7) CFU/ml. In spiked lettuce samples, the sensitivity of the LAMP assay was 3.6 x 10(4) CFU/g, whereas PCR was 3.6 x 10(5) CFU/g. Overall, the assay accurately identified 32 Shigella spp. with one enteroinvasive Escherichia coli displaying positive reaction while the remaining 32 non-Shigella strains tested were negative. PMID:25776596

Liew, P S; Teh C, S J; Lau, Y L; Thong, K L

2014-12-01

127

Detection of the Quarantine Species Thrips palmi by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Thrips palmi (from the order Thysanoptera) is a serious insect pest of various crops, including vegetables, fruits and ornamental plants, causing significant economic losses. Its presence constitutes a double threat; not only does T. palmi feed on the plants, it is also a vector for several plant viruses. T. palmi originated in Asia, but has spread to North and Central America, Africa, Oceania and the Caribbean in recent decades. This species has been sporadically noted in Europe and is under quarantine regulation in the European Union. For non-specialists its larval stages are indistinguishable morphologically from another widespread and serious insect pest Frankliniella occidentalis (a non-quarantine species in the European Union) as well as other frequently occurring thrips. In this study, we have developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification protocol to amplify rDNA regions of T. palmi. The results were consistent whether isolated DNA or crushed insects were used as template, indicating that the DNA isolation step could be omitted. The described method is species-specific and sensitive and provides a rapid diagnostic tool to detect T. palmi in the field. PMID:25793743

Przybylska, Arnika; Fiedler, ?aneta; Kucharczyk, Halina; Obr?palska-St?plowska, Aleksandra

2015-01-01

128

Elevated OPN, IP-10, and Neutrophilia in Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Confirmed Tuberculosis Patients  

PubMed Central

Tuberculosis (TB) is the second most common cause of death from infectious diseases and results in high socioeconomic losses to many countries. Proper diagnosis is the first step in TB eradication. To develop a rapid, simple, and accurate diagnostic TB test and to characterize the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) genotypes and immune profiles of TB patients, a total of 37?TB patients and 30 healthy control (HC) from Metro Manila were enrolled. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reliably detected MTB infection. Manila genotype was identified by spoligotyping method in all TB patients. Osteopontin (OPN), interferon-?-induced protein 10?kDa (IP-10), and neutrophil counts were found to reflect the acute stage of MTB infection. The sensitivity and specificity were 94.6% and 93.3%, respectively, for both OPN and IP-10, and they were 83.8% and 78.6%, respectively, for neutrophils. The combination of OPN, IP-10, neutrophil count, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-?, MCP-1, platelets, galectin-9, and leukocyte count correctly identifies all the HC and 96.3% of TB patients. LAMP method may serve as a rapid, supportive method in addition to time-consuming culture methods. OPN, IP-10, and neutrophil counts are useful in detecting MTB infection and may have utility in monitoring the course of the disease. PMID:25378811

Leano, Susan; Nakajima, Chie; Niki, Toshiro; Ashino, Yugo; Suzuki, Yasuhiko; Telan, Elisabeth

2014-01-01

129

Rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of Clostridium tetani by loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay.  

PubMed

Tetanus is a specific infectious disease, which is often associated with catastrophic events such as earthquakes, traumas, and war wounds. The obligate anaerobe Clostridium tetani is the pathogen that causes tetanus. Once the infection of tetanus progresses to an advanced stage within the wounds of limbs, the rates of amputation and mortality increase manifold. Therefore, it is necessary to devise a rapid and sensitive point-of-care detection method for C. tetani so as to ensure an early diagnosis and clinical treatment of tetanus. In this study, we developed a detection method for C. tetani using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, wherein the C. tetani tetanus toxin gene was used as the target gene. The method was highly specific and sensitive, with a detection limit of 10 colony forming units (CFU)/ml, and allowed quantitative analysis. While detecting C. tetani in clinical samples, it was found that the LAMP results completely agreed with those of the traditional API 20A anaerobic bacteria identification test. As compared with the traditional API test and PCR assay, LAMP detection of C. tetani is simple and rapid, and the results can be identified through naked-eye observation. Therefore, it is an ideal and rapid point-of-care testing method for tetanus. PMID:23314360

Jiang, Dongneng; Pu, Xiaoyun; Wu, Jiehong; Li, Meng; Liu, Ping

2013-01-01

130

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification establishment for detection of pseudorabies virus.  

PubMed

A rapid, convenient and reliable pseudorabies virus (PRV) detection system was developed by using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. Six special primers were designed successfully based on the PRV DNA-binding protein (DBP) gene. The assay was optimized to amplify PRV DNA by incubation at 63 degrees C for 1h. The LAMP products had a ladder-like pattern of bands from 188 bp when electrophoresed on an agarose gel and its specificity was confirmed by digestion with Hinc II enzyme. Two naked-eye detection methods were developed for use in the field. The detection limit of the LAMP assay was found to be 10 fg DNA sample which was 100-1,000-fold higher than that of PCR. By using DNA (or cDNA) samples extracted from three different PRV strains and six other viruses known to be related genetically to PRV or to cause similar clinical signals in pig, the system was identified to amplify only the PRV DNA. A comparison between the LAMP and PCR assay using five clinical samples showed good correlation. PMID:18468699

En, Fang-Xue; Wei, Xiong; Jian, Li; Qin, Chen

2008-07-01

131

Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Papaya ringspot virus.  

PubMed

Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) and Papaya leaf distortion mosaic virus (PLDMV), which causes disease symptoms similar to PRSV, threaten commercial production of both non-transgenic-papaya and PRSV-resistant transgenic papaya in China. A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay to detect PLDMV was developed previously. In this study, the development of another RT-LAMP assay to distinguish among transgenic, PRSV-infected and PLDMV-infected papaya by detection of PRSV is reported. A set of four RT-LAMP primers was designed based on the highly conserved region of the P3 gene of PRSV. The RT-LAMP method was specific and sensitive in detecting PRSV, with a detection limit of 1.15×10(-6)?g of total RNA per reaction. Indeed, the reaction was 10 times more sensitive than one-step RT-PCR. Field application of the RT-LAMP assay demonstrated that samples positive for PRSV were detected only in non-transgenic papaya, whereas samples positive for PLDMV were detected only in commercialized PRSV-resistant transgenic papaya. This suggests that PRSV remains the major limiting factor for non-transgenic-papaya production, and the emergence of PLDMV threatens the commercial transgenic cultivar in China. However, this study, combined with the earlier development of an RT-LAMP assay for PLDMV, will provide a rapid, sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic power to distinguish virus infections in papaya. PMID:24769198

Shen, Wentao; Tuo, Decai; Yan, Pu; Yang, Yong; Li, Xiaoying; Zhou, Peng

2014-08-01

132

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay optimized to detect multiple HIV subtypes.  

PubMed

Diagnostic methods for detecting and quantifying HIV RNA have been improving, but efficient methods for point-of-care analysis are still needed, particularly for applications in resource-limited settings. Detection based on reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) is particularly useful for this, because when combined with fluorescence-based DNA detection, RT-LAMP can be implemented with minimal equipment and expense. Assays have been developed to detect HIV RNA with RT-LAMP, but existing methods detect only a limited subset of HIV subtypes. Here we report a bioinformatic study to develop optimized primers, followed by empirical testing of 44 new primer designs. One primer set (ACeIN-26), targeting the HIV integrase coding region, consistently detected subtypes A, B, C, D, and G. The assay was sensitive to at least 5000 copies per reaction for subtypes A, B, C, D, and G, with Z-factors of above 0.69 (detection of the minor subtype F was found to be unreliable). There are already rapid and efficient assays available for detecting HIV infection in a binary yes/no format, but the rapid RT-LAMP assay described here has additional uses, including 1) tracking response to medication by comparing longitudinal values for a subject, 2) detecting of infection in neonates unimpeded by the presence of maternal antibody, and 3) detecting infection prior to seroconversion. PMID:25675344

Ocwieja, Karen E; Sherrill-Mix, Scott; Liu, Changchun; Song, Jinzhao; Bau, Haim; Bushman, Frederic D

2015-01-01

133

Development of double loop-mediated isothermal amplification to detect Listeria monocytogenes in food.  

PubMed

In this study, a double loop-mediated isothermal amplification (dLAMP) based on two target genes hlyA and iap was developed for the rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food. The results revealed that the detection time and temperature of our dLAMP assay for L. monocytogenes were 15 min and 63 °C respectively, with a sensitivity of 10 fg DNA of L. monocytogenes per tube. While normal LAMP (nLAMP) of hlyA or iap was 100 fg DNA of L. monocytogenes per tube for 45 min and 63 °C. Furthermore, mineral oil and GoldViewII nucleic acid stain were chosen as the basic materials to develop a simple visualized identification of the positive samples. A total of 450 food samples were tested for L. monocytogenes using the dLAMP protocol developed in this study. The results showed that the accuracy of the dLAMP and the "gold standard" culture-biotechnical method were 100 % identical, suggesting that the modified dLAMP assay would provide a potential for detection of L. monocytogenes in food products. PMID:25086581

Wu, Rina; Liu, Xiang; Guo, Bangcheng; Chen, Fusheng; Wang, Xiaohong

2014-12-01

134

Detection of Pepino mosaic virus isolates from tomato by one-step reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of DNA is a novel technique for the amplification of DNA under isothermal conditions. For the first time, we applied this method to develop a simple and sensitive tool for the detection of Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV). PepMV is an emerging pathogen that causes yield and quality losses in tomato crops. Specific RT-LAMP primers for PepMV detection were designed based on triple gene block sequences. The reaction was performed in a single tube at 65 °C for 30 min. The RT-LAMP assay is easy to perform and inexpensive, and it may be applied in the rapid and specific diagnosis of PepMV. PMID:23605670

Hasiów-Jaroszewska, Beata; Borodynko, Natasza

2013-10-01

135

Rapid detection of peste des petits ruminants virus by a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is the causative agent of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), an economically important viral disease of small ruminants. In this report, a one-step, single-tube, reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of PPRV. A set of six LAMP primers were designed based on the matrix gene sequence of PPRV

Lin Li; Jingyue Bao; Xiaodong Wu; Zhiliang Wang; Junwei Wang; Mingxia Gong; Chunju Liu; Jinming Li

2010-01-01

136

Detection of BCR-ABL Fusion mRNA Using Reverse Transcriptase Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification  

SciTech Connect

RT-PCR is commonly used for the detection of Bcr-Abl fusion transcripts in patients diagnosed with chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML. Two fusion transcripts predominate in CML, Br-Abl e13a2 and e14a2. They have developed reverse transcriptase isothermal loop-mediated amplification (RT-LAMP) assays to detect these two fusion transcripts along with the normal Bcr transcript.

Dugan, L C; Hall, S; Kohlgruber, A; Urbin, S; Torres, C; Wilson, P

2011-12-08

137

Rapid detection of the most common high-risk human papillomaviruses by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major risk factor for development of cervical cancer. At present, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods, the most widely molecular tools used for HPV detection, are time-consuming and require expensive instruments. In this study, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was established for detection of HPV types 16, 18, 45 and 58 which are

Chitladda Saetiew; Temduang Limpaiboon; Patcharee Jearanaikoon; Sakda Daduang; Chamsai Pientong; Anusak Kerdsin; Jureerut Daduang

2011-01-01

138

An improved reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for sensitive and specific detection of Newcastle disease virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five of 21 different Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains isolated from China in 2007 gave false-negative results when detected\\u000a with a previously reported loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, and mismatches were found between the target\\u000a gene and LAMP primers. Therefore, an improved, sensitive, specific, and accelerated one-step reverse transcription (RT)-LAMP\\u000a assay with degenerate primers was developed. Our data demonstrated that

Qiang Li; Chunyi Xue; Jianping Qin; Qingfeng Zhou; Feng Chen; Yingzuo Bi; Yongchang Cao

2009-01-01

139

Microfluidic lab-on-a-foil for nucleic acid analysis based on isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first time we demonstrate a self-sufficient lab-on-a-foil system for the fully automated analysis of nucleic acids which is based on the recently available isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). The system consists of a novel, foil-based centrifugal microfluidic cartridge including prestored liquid and dry reagents, and a commercially available centrifugal analyzer for incubation at 37 ? C and real-time

Sascha Lutz; Patrick Weber; Max Focke; Bernd Faltin; Jochen Hoffmann; Claas Müller; Daniel Mark; Günter Roth; Peter Munday; Niall Armes; Olaf Piepenburg; Roland Zengerle; Felix von Stetten

2010-01-01

140

Sensitive and rapid detection of Vero toxin-producing Escherichia coli using loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect Vero toxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli rapidly (within 60 min). The 24 strains of VT-producing E. coli were successfully amplified, but 6 strains of non-VT-producing E. coli and 46 bacterial species other than E. coli were not. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay was found to be >0.7 c.f.u. per test

Yukiko Hara-Kudo; Jiro Nemoto; Kayoko Ohtsuka; Yuko Segawa; Kosuke Takatori; Tadashi Kojima; Masanari Ikedo

2007-01-01

141

Rapid detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapid detection assay based on reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) has been developed for detecting porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The RT-LAMP assay utilized a set of six primers to amplify the open reading frame 6 (ORF6) of the PRRSV. The amplified products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis or visualized by colorimetric method. The results

Qiang Li; Qing-feng Zhou; Chun-yi Xue; Jing-yun Ma; Dao-zhong Zhu; Yong-chang Cao

2009-01-01

142

Development of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) was developed for detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Six primers were designed to amplify the nucleocapsid (N) gene of PEDV. The optimization, sensitivity, and specificity\\u000a of the RT-LAMP were investigated. The results showed that the optimal reaction condition for RT-LAMP amplifying PEDV N gene\\u000a was achieved at 63°C

Xiaofeng Ren; Pengchong Li

2011-01-01

143

Specific detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in the snail Achatina fulica using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a rat lungworm, can cause eosinophilic meningitis and angiostrongyliasis in humans following ingestion of contaminated foods or intermediate\\/paratenic hosts with infective larvae. The snail Achatina fulica is one of the important intermediate hosts of A. cantonensis and is commonly eaten by humans in some countries. In the present study, we developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the

Chun-Yan Liu; Hui-Qun Song; Ren-Li Zhang; Mu-Xin Chen; Min-Jun Xu; Lin Ai; Xiao-Guang Chen; Xi-Mei Zhan; Shao-Hui Liang; Zi-Guo Yuan; Rui-Qing Lin; Xing-Quan Zhu

2011-01-01

144

Rapid ultrasonic isothermal amplification of DNA with multiplexed melting analysis – applications in the clinical diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases.  

PubMed

We describe a nucleic acid testing (NAT) platform for infectious disease diagnostics at the point-of-care, using surface acoustic waves (SAW) to perform a multiplexed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) test for sexually transmitted diseases. The ultrasonic actuation not only enables faster NAT reactions but also provides a route towards integrating low-cost, low-power molecular diagnostics into disposable sensors. PMID:25569801

Xu, Gaolian; Gunson, Rory N; Cooper, Jonathan M; Reboud, Julien

2015-02-14

145

Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans by Use of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Test  

PubMed Central

This work reports the design and evaluation of a rapid loop-mediated isothermal amplification test for detecting Mycobacterium ulcerans DNA based on the multicopy insertion sequence IS2404. The test is robust and specific with a detection limit equivalent to 20 copies of the target sequence (0.01 to 0.1 genome). The test has potential for the diagnosis of Buruli ulcer under field conditions. PMID:22357495

Yeboah-Manu, Dorothy; Stinear, Timothy P.; Fyfe, Janet A. M.

2012-01-01

146

An integrated microfluidic loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification system for rapid sample pre-treatment and detection of viruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a novel automatic assay for targeted ribonucleic acid (RNA) extraction and a one-step reverse transcription loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification (RT-LAMP) process for the rapid detection of viruses from tissue samples by utilizing an integrated microfluidic system. By utilizing specific probe-conjugated magnetic beads, target RNA samples can be specifically recognized and hybridized onto the surface of the magnetic beads which are

Chih-Hung Wang; Kang-Yi Lien; Ting-Yu Wang; Tzong-Yueh Chen; Gwo-Bin Lee

2011-01-01

147

An isothermal amplification reactor with an integrated isolation membrane for point-of-care detection of infectious diseases  

PubMed Central

A simple, point of care, inexpensive, disposable cassette for the detection of nucleic acids extracted from pathogens was designed, constructed, and tested. The cassette utilizes a single reaction chamber for isothermal amplification of nucleic acids. The chamber is equipped with an integrated, flow-through, Flinders Technology Associates (Whatman FTA®) membrane for the isolation, concentration, and purification of DNA and/or RNA. The nucleic acids captured by the membrane are used directly as templates for amplification without elution, thus simplifying the cassette’s flow control. The FTA membrane also serves another critical role—enabling the removal of inhibitors that dramatically reduce detection sensitivity. Thermal control is provided with a thin film heater external to the cassette. The amplification process was monitored in real time with a portable, compact fluorescent reader. The utility of the integrated, single-chamber cassette was demonstrated by detecting the presence of HIV-1 in oral fluids. The HIV RNA was reverse transcribed and subjected to loop-mediated, isothermal amplification (LAMP). A detection limit of less than 10 HIV particles was demonstrated. The cassette is particularly suitable for resource poor regions, where funds and trained personnel are in short supply. The cassette can be readily modified to detect nucleic acids associated with other pathogens borne in saliva, urine, and other body fluids as well as in water and food. PMID:21455542

Liu, Changchun; Geva, Eran; Mauk, Michael; Qiu, Xianbo; Abrams, William R.; Malamud, Daniel; Curtis, Kelly; Owen, S. Michele; Bau, Haim H.

2015-01-01

148

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid detection of the causal agents of cassava brown streak disease.  

PubMed

The causal agents of cassava brown streak disease have recently been identified as Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) and Ugandan cassava brown streak virus (UCBSV). Primers have been developed for rapid detection of these viruses by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). Performance of the RT-LAMP assays compared favourably with published RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR methods. Furthermore, amplification by RT-LAMP is completed in 40 min and does not require thermal cycling equipment. Modification of the RT-LAMP reactions to use labelled primers allowed rapid detection of amplification products using lateral flow devices containing antibodies specific to the incorporated labels, avoiding the need for fluorescence detection or gel electrophoresis. PMID:22820076

Tomlinson, J A; Ostoja-Starzewska, S; Adams, I P; Miano, D W; Abidrabo, P; Kinyua, Z; Alicai, T; Dickinson, M J; Peters, D; Boonham, N; Smith, J

2013-08-01

149

Detection of phytoplasma by loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP).  

PubMed

Napier stunt phytoplasma (16SrXI and 16SrIII) in eastern Africa is a serious threat to the expansion of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) farming in the region, where it is widely cultivated as fodder in zero grazing livestock systems. The grass has high potential for bio-fuel production, and has been adopted by farmers as a countermeasure to cereal stem borer Lepidoptera, since it attracts and traps the insect. Diagnosis of stunt phytoplasma have been largely by nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) targeting the 16S rRNA gene. However, the method is laborious, costly and technically demanding. This investigation has developed a simpler but effective phytoplasma diagnostic tool, called; loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP). The assay was tested on 8 symptomatic and 8 asymptomatic plants, while its detection limit was compared to nested PCR using samples serially diluted from 3 ng/?l to 0.38 pg/?l. Molecular typing of LAMP products was determined by BsrI restriction digestion and Southern blot analysis. The assay sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values were estimated, while the specificity was tested on 11 phytoplasma groups. LAMP was specific to 5 phytoplasma groups: 16SrVI, X, XI and XVI. BsrI restriction digestion produced two predicted fragments, and there was specific binding of probe DNA to the LAMP amplicons in Southern blot analysis. The assay sensitivity was 100%, while the positive and negative predictive values were 63 and 100% respectively. LAMP was 20-fold more sensitive than nested PCR. This study validates LAMP for routine diagnosis of Napier stunt and other closely related phytoplasmas. PMID:21185882

Obura, E; Masiga, D; Wachira, F; Gurja, B; Khan, Z R

2011-02-01

150

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Capripoxviruses  

PubMed Central

Sheep pox (SP), goat pox (GP), and lumpy skin disease (LSD), caused by capripoxviruses (CaPVs), are economically important diseases of sheep, goats, and cattle, respectively. Here, we report the development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid detection of CaPVs. LAMP primers were designed to target a conserved gene encoding the poly(A) polymerase small subunit (VP39) of CaPVs. Hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB) was incorporated to monitor assay progress by color change from violet when negative to sky blue when positive, and results were verified by agarose gel electrophoresis. The LAMP assay was shown to be highly specific for CaPVs, with no apparent cross-reactivity to other related viruses (near neighbors) or viruses that cause similar clinical signs (look-a-like viruses). The performance of LAMP was compared to that of a highly sensitive quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. LAMP and qPCR exhibited similar analytical sensitivities, with limits of detection of 3 and 8 viral genome copies, respectively. Diagnostic specificity was assessed on 36 negative specimens, including swabs and EDTA blood from control sheep, goats, and cattle. Diagnostic sensitivity was assessed on 275 specimens, including EDTA blood, swabs, and tissues from experimentally infected sheep, goats, and cattle. Overall agreement on diagnostic test results between the two assays was 90 to 95% for specificity and 89 to 100% for sensitivity. The LAMP assay described in this report is simple to use, inexpensive, highly sensitive, and particularly well suited for the diagnosis of capripox in less well equipped laboratories and in rural settings where resources are limited. PMID:22357504

Babiuk, Shawn; McIntosh, Michael T.

2012-01-01

151

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid and Semiquantitative Detection of Loa loa Infection  

PubMed Central

Rapid and accurate tests are currently needed to identify individuals with high levels of Loa loa microfilaria (mf), so that these individuals may be excluded from mass ivermectin administration campaigns against onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis being conducted in areas where Onchocerca volvulus, Wuchereria bancrofti, and L. loa are coendemic. To address this need, colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays targeting the L. loa-specific gene sequences LLMF72 and LLMF342 were developed for the detection and quantification of L. loa microfilaremia. Both LAMP assays were highly specific (100%) for L. loa infection compared to the absence of infection or infection with related filarial pathogens. The LLMF72-based LAMP assay showed greater analytic sensitivity (limit of detection, 0.1 pg/ml of genomic DNA [gDNA] and/or 5 mf/ml) than the LLMF342-based LAMP assay (10 pg/ml of gDNA and/or 50 mf/ml), and its analytic sensitivity was similar to that of LLMF72-based quantitative PCR (qPCR). A high level of correlation was observed between microfilaria counts as determined by LLMF72-based qPCR and time to positivity by the LAMP assay, and performance measures of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were similar for both assays when applied to field-collected clinical samples. By simply varying the run time, the LAMP assay was able to accurately distinguish individuals at risk for serious adverse events (SAEs) after exposure to ivermectin, using thresholds of >5,000 mf/ml and >30,000 mf/ml as indicators of increasing levels of risk. In summary, LLMF72 LAMP represents a new molecular diagnostic tool that is readily applicable as a point-of-care method for L. loa microfilarial detection and quantification in resource-limited countries where L. loa infection is endemic. PMID:24696020

Drame, Papa M.; Fink, Doran L.; Kamgno, Joseph; Herrick, Jesica A.

2014-01-01

152

An integrated microfluidic loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification system for rapid sample pre-treatment and detection of viruses.  

PubMed

This study presents a novel automatic assay for targeted ribonucleic acid (RNA) extraction and a one-step reverse transcription loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification (RT-LAMP) process for the rapid detection of viruses from tissue samples by utilizing an integrated microfluidic system. By utilizing specific probe-conjugated magnetic beads, target RNA samples can be specifically recognized and hybridized onto the surface of the magnetic beads which are mixed with whole tissue lysates, followed by the synthesis of complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) and isothermal amplification of target genes simultaneously with the incorporation of two specific primer sets. The nervous necrosis virus (NNV), the most common aquaculture pathogen, with a mortality rate in infected fish ranging from 80% to 100%, has been selected to verify the performance of the developed miniature system. Experimental results showed that the sensitivity of the integrated microfluidic LAMP system is about 100-fold higher when compared to a conventional one-step reverse-transcript polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) process. Significantly, the entire protocol from sample pre-treatment to target gene amplification can be completed within 60 min in an automatic manner without cross-reactions with other tested virus, bacteria and eukaryotic cells. Consequently, this integrated microfluidic LAMP system may provide a powerful platform for rapid purification and detection of virus samples. PMID:20869865

Wang, Chih-Hung; Lien, Kang-Yi; Wang, Ting-Yu; Chen, Tzong-Yueh; Lee, Gwo-Bin

2011-01-15

153

Rapid and Sensitive Identification of the Herbal Tea Ingredient Taraxacum formosanum Using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Taraxacum formosanum (TF) is a medicinal plant used as an important component of health drinks in Taiwan. In this study, a rapid, sensitive and specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for authenticating TF was established. A set of four specific LAMP primers was designed based on the nucleotide sequence of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) of TF. LAMP amplicons were successfully amplified and detected when purified genomic DNA of TF was added in the LAMP reaction under isothermal condition (65 °C) within 45 min. These specific LAMP primers have high specificity and can accurately discriminate Taraxacum formosanum from other adulterant plants; 1 pg of genomic DNA was determined to be the detection limit of the LAMP assay. In conclusion, using this novel approach, TF and its misused plant samples obtained from herbal tea markets were easily identified and discriminated by LAMP assay for quality control. PMID:25584616

Lai, Guan-Hua; Chao, Jung; Lin, Ming-Kuem; Chang, Wen-Te; Peng, Wen-Huang; Sun, Fang-Chun; Lee, Meng-Shiunn; Lee, Meng-Shiou

2015-01-01

154

Rapid and sensitive identification of the herbal tea ingredient Taraxacum formosanum using loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Taraxacum formosanum (TF) is a medicinal plant used as an important component of health drinks in Taiwan. In this study, a rapid, sensitive and specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for authenticating TF was established. A set of four specific LAMP primers was designed based on the nucleotide sequence of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) of TF. LAMP amplicons were successfully amplified and detected when purified genomic DNA of TF was added in the LAMP reaction under isothermal condition (65 °C) within 45 min. These specific LAMP primers have high specificity and can accurately discriminate Taraxacum formosanum from other adulterant plants; 1 pg of genomic DNA was determined to be the detection limit of the LAMP assay. In conclusion, using this novel approach, TF and its misused plant samples obtained from herbal tea markets were easily identified and discriminated by LAMP assay for quality control. PMID:25584616

Lai, Guan-Hua; Chao, Jung; Lin, Ming-Kuem; Chang, Wen-Te; Peng, Wen-Huang; Sun, Fang-Chun; Lee, Meng-Shiunn; Lee, Meng-Shiou

2015-01-01

155

Loop mediated isothermal amplification of 5.8S rDNA for specific detection of Tritrichomonas foetus.  

PubMed

Tritrichomonas foetus is the causative agent of bovine trichomonosis, a sexually transmitted disease leading to infertility and abortion. A test based on loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) targeting the 5.8S rDNA subunit was designed for the specific identification of T. foetus. The LAMP assay was validated using 28 T. foetus and 35 non-T. foetus trichomonads strains. It did not exhibit cross-reaction with closely related parasites commonly found in smegma cultures like Tetratrichomonas spp. and Pentatrichomonas hominis. Bovine smegma did not show interferences for the detection of the parasite and, the sensitivity of the method (4×10(3) CFU/mL, approximately 10 cells/reaction) was slightly higher than that found for PCR amplification with TFR3 and TFR4 primers. The LAMP approach has potential applications for diagnosis and control of T. foetus and, practical use for low skill operators in rural areas. PMID:23265811

Oyhenart, Jorge; Martínez, Florencia; Ramírez, Rosana; Fort, Marcelo; Breccia, Javier D

2013-03-31

156

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay to rapidly diagnose foot-and-mouth disease virus C  

PubMed Central

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed to rapidly detect foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype C (FMDV C). By testing 10-fold serial dilutions of FMDV C samples, sensitivity of the FMDV C RT-LAMP was found to be 10 times higher than that of conventional reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). No cross-reactivity with A, Asia 1, or O FMDV or swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) indicated that FMDV C RT-LAMP may be an exciting novel method for detecting FMDV C. PMID:24690607

Ding, Yao-zhong; Zhou, Jian-hua; Ma, Li-na; Qi, Yan-ni; Wei, Gang

2014-01-01

157

Development and evaluation of reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of enterovirus 71  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) is very common in China. It is difficult to distinguish\\u000a between EV71 and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) infections in clinical HFMD patients. Routine laboratory diagnosis of EV71 infection\\u000a is time-consuming and requires expensive instruments. In this study, we have developed a one-step, single tube, reverse transcription-loop-mediated\\u000a isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay

Weifeng Shi; Kun Li; Yun Ji; Qingbo Jiang; Mei Shi; Zuhuang Mi

2011-01-01

158

[Colorimetric detection of human influenza A H1N1 virus by reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification].  

PubMed

A simple, rapid and sensitive colorimetric Reverse Transcription Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) method was established to detect human influenza A H1N1 virus. The method employed a set of six specially designed primers that recognized eight distinct sequences of the HA gene for amplification of nucleic acid under isothermal conditions at 65 degrees C for one and half hour. The amplification process of RT-LAMP was monitored by the addition of HNB (Hydroxy naphthol blue) dye prior to amplification. A positive reaction was indicated by a color change from violet to sky blue and confirmed by agarose electrophoresis. The specificity of the RT-LAMP assay was validated by cross-reaction with different swine and human influenza virus including human seasonal influenza A /H1N1 A /H3N2, influenza B and swine A /H1N1. The sensitivity of this assay was evaluated by serial dilutions of RNA molecules from in vitro transcription of human influenza A H1N1 HA gene. The assay was further evaluated with 30 clinical specimens with suspected pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus infection in parallel with RT-PCR detection and 26 clinical specimens with seasonal influenza virus infection. Our results showed that the RT-LAMP was able to achieve a sensitivity of 60 RNA copies with high specificity, and detection rate was comparable to that of the RT-PCR with the clinical samples of pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection. The RT-LAMP reaction with HNB could also be measured at 650nm in a microplate reader for quantitative analysis. Thus, we concluded that this colorimetric RT-LAMP assay had potential for the rapid screening of the human influenza A H1N1 virus infection in National influenza monitoring network laboratories and sentinel hospitals of provincial and municipal region in China. PMID:20480635

Nie, Kai; Wang, Da-Yan; Qin, Meng; Gao, Rong-Bao; Wang, Miao; Zou, Shu-Mei; Han, Feng; Zhao, Xiang; Li, Xi-Yan; Shu, Yue-Long; Ma, Xue-Jun

2010-03-01

159

Real-Time Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid Detection of West Nile Virus  

PubMed Central

A one-step, single tube, real-time accelerated reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detecting the envelope gene of West Nile (WN) virus. The RT-LAMP assay is a novel method of gene amplification that amplifies nucleic acid with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity under isothermal conditions with a set of six specially designed primers that recognize eight distinct sequences of the target. The whole procedure is very simple and rapid, and amplification can be obtained in less than 1 h by incubating all of the reagents in a single tube with reverse transcriptase and Bst DNA polymerase at 63°C. Detection of gene amplification could be accomplished by agarose gel electrophoresis, as well as by real-time monitoring in an inexpensive turbidimeter. When the sensitivity of the RT-LAMP assay was compared to that of conventional RT-PCR, it was found that the RT-LAMP assay demonstrated 10-fold higher sensitivity compared to RT-PCR, with a detection limit of 0.1 PFU of virus. By using real-time monitoring, 104 PFU of virus could be detected in as little as 17 min. The specificity of the RT-LAMP assay was validated by the absence of any cross-reaction with other, closely related, members of the Flavivirus group, followed by restriction digestion and nucleotide sequencing of the amplified product. These results indicate that the RT-LAMP assay is extremely rapid, cost-effective, highly sensitive, and specific and has potential usefulness for rapid, comprehensive WN virus surveillance along with virus isolation and/or serology. PMID:14715762

Parida, Manmohan; Posadas, Guillermo; Inoue, Shingo; Hasebe, Futoshi; Morita, Kouichi

2004-01-01

160

GMO detection using a bioluminescent real time reporter (BART) of loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) suitable for field use  

PubMed Central

Background There is an increasing need for quantitative technologies suitable for molecular detection in a variety of settings for applications including food traceability and monitoring of genetically modified (GM) crops and their products through the food processing chain. Conventional molecular diagnostics utilising real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and fluorescence-based determination of amplification require temperature cycling and relatively complex optics. In contrast, isothermal amplification coupled to a bioluminescent output produced in real-time (BART) occurs at a constant temperature and only requires a simple light detection and integration device. Results Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) shows robustness to sample-derived inhibitors. Here we show the applicability of coupled LAMP and BART reactions (LAMP-BART) for determination of genetically modified (GM) maize target DNA at low levels of contamination (0.1-5.0% GM) using certified reference material, and compare this to RT-PCR. Results show that conventional DNA extraction methods developed for PCR may not be optimal for LAMP-BART quantification. Additionally, we demonstrate that LAMP is more tolerant to plant sample-derived inhibitors, and show this can be exploited to develop rapid extraction techniques suitable for simple field-based qualitative tests for GM status determination. We also assess the effect of total DNA assay load on LAMP-BART quantitation. Conclusions LAMP-BART is an effective and sensitive technique for GM detection with significant potential for quantification even at low levels of contamination and in samples derived from crops such as maize with a large genome size. The resilience of LAMP-BART to acidic polysaccharides makes it well suited to rapid sample preparation techniques and hence to both high throughput laboratory settings and to portable GM detection applications. The impact of the plant sample matrix and genome loading within a reaction must be controlled to ensure quantification at low target concentrations. PMID:22546148

2012-01-01

161

A polycarbonate based surface plasmon resonance sensing cartridge for high sensitivity HBV loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

In this study, we report a simple, low-cost surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-sensing cartridge based on a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the on-site detection of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For LAMP detection, a SPR based LAMP sensing system (SPRLAMP) was constructed, including a novel SPRLAMP sensing cartridge integrating a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) micro-reactor with a polycarbonate (PC)-based prism coated with a 50 nm Au film. First, we found that the change of refractive index of the bulk solution was approximately 0.0011 refractive index (RI) units after LAMP reaction. The PC-based prism's linearity and thermal responses were compared to those of a traditional glass prism to show that a PC-based prism can be used for SPR measurement. Finally, the HBV template mixed in the 10 ?l LAMP solution could be detected by SPRLAMP system in 17 min even at the detection-limited concentration of 2 fg/ml. We also analyzed the correlation coefficients between the initial concentrations of HBV DNA templates and the system response (?RU) at varying amplification times to establish an optimal amplification time endpoint of 25 min (R(2)=0.98). In conclusion, the LAMP reaction could be detected with the SPRLAMP sensing cartridge based on direct sensing of the bulk refractive index. PMID:22209071

Chuang, Tsung-Liang; Wei, Shih-Chung; Lee, Szu-Yuan; Lin, Chii-Wann

2012-02-15

162

Point of care nucleic acid detection of viable pathogenic bacteria with isothermal RNA amplification based paper biosensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Food-borne pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes have been recognized as a major cause of human infections worldwide, leading to substantial health problems. Food-borne pathogen identification needs to be simpler, cheaper and more reliable than the current traditional methods. Here, we have constructed a low-cost paper biosensor for the detection of viable pathogenic bacteria with the naked eye. In this study, an effective isothermal amplification method was used to amplify the hlyA mRNA gene, a specific RNA marker in Listeria monocytogenes. The amplification products were applied to the paper biosensor to perform a visual test, in which endpoint detection was performed using sandwich hybridization assays. When the RNA products migrated along the paper biosensor by capillary action, the gold nanoparticles accumulated at the designated Test line and Control line. Under optimized experimental conditions, as little as 0.5 pg/?L genomic RNA from Listeria monocytogenes could be detected. The whole assay process, including RNA extraction, amplification, and visualization, can be completed within several hours. The developed method is suitable for point-of-care applications to detect food-borne pathogens, as it can effectively overcome the false-positive results caused by amplifying nonviable Listeria monocytogenes.

Liu, Hongxing; Xing, Da; Zhou, Xiaoming

2014-09-01

163

Multiplex isothermal solid-phase recombinase polymerase amplification for the specific and fast DNA-based detection of three bacterial pathogens.  

PubMed

We report on the development of an on-chip RPA (recombinase polymerase amplification) with simultaneous multiplex isothermal amplification and detection on a solid surface. The isothermal RPA was applied to amplify specific target sequences from the pathogens Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Salmonella enterica and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) using genomic DNA. Additionally, a positive plasmid control was established as an internal control. The four targets were amplified simultaneously in a quadruplex reaction. The amplicon is labeled during on-chip RPA by reverse oligonucleotide primers coupled to a fluorophore. Both amplification and spatially resolved signal generation take place on immobilized forward primers bount to expoxy-silanized glass surfaces in a pump-driven hybridization chamber. The combination of microarray technology and sensitive isothermal nucleic acid amplification at 38 °C allows for a multiparameter analysis on a rather small area. The on-chip RPA was characterized in terms of reaction time, sensitivity and inhibitory conditions. A successful enzymatic reaction is completed in <20 min and results in detection limits of 10 colony-forming units for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica and 100 colony-forming units for Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The results show this method to be useful with respect to point-of-care testing and to enable simplified and miniaturized nucleic acid-based diagnostics. FigureThe combination of multiplex isothermal nucleic acid amplification with RPA and spatially-resolved signal generation on specific immobilized oligonucleotides. PMID:25253912

Kersting, Sebastian; Rausch, Valentina; Bier, Frank F; von Nickisch-Rosenegk, Markus

2014-01-01

164

Development of Phage Immuno-Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Organophosphorus Pesticides in Agro-  

E-print Network

assays (iLAMP) were developed by using a phage-borne peptide that was isolated from a cyclic eight Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are widely used in agriculture for the control of sucking and biting insects) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method that amplifies DNA with high specificity, sensitivity

Hammock, Bruce D.

165

Comparison of Conventional PCR, Multiplex PCR, and Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Rapid Detection of Arcobacter Species  

PubMed Central

This study aimed to develop a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the rapid detection of Arcobacter species. Specific primers targeting the 23S ribosomal RNA gene were used to detect Arcobacter butzleri, Arcobacter cryaerophilus, and Arcobacter skirrowii. The specificity of the LAMP primer set was assessed using DNA samples from a panel of Arcobacter and Campylobacter species, and the sensitivity was determined using serial dilutions of Arcobacter species cultures. LAMP showed a 10- to 1,000-fold-higher sensitivity than multiplex PCR, with a detection limit of 2 to 20 CFU per reaction in vitro. Whereas multiplex PCR showed cross-reactivity with Campylobacter species, the LAMP method developed in this study was more sensitive and reliable than conventional PCR or multiplex PCR for the detection of Arcobacter species. PMID:24478488

Wang, Xiaoyu; Seo, Dong Joo; Lee, Min Hwa

2014-01-01

166

Application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based technology for authentication of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don.  

PubMed

In this study, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based molecular marker was developed for authentication of Catharanthus roseus, a medicinal plant. Samples of this plant were collected from different geographical locations in India. Random amplified polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis of collected samples was carried out with 25 random primers. A 610-bp DNA fragment, common to all accessions, was eluted, cloned, and sequenced. Four LAMP primers were designed on the basis of sequence of 610 bp DNA fragment. LAMP reaction, containing 10× Bst DNA polymerase reaction buffer, Bst DNA polymerase, four in-house designed primers, dNTPs, MgSO(4), and betaine, was incubated at 65°C for 1 h. The resulting amplicon was visualized by adding SYBR Green I to the reaction tube. The data showed confirmatory results. Since the assay method is simple, sensitive, and cost-effective, it is a feasible method for identifying and authentication of C. roseus. PMID:21644004

Chaudhary, Anis Ahmad; Hemant; Mohsin, Mohd; Ahmad, Altaf

2012-04-01

167

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Trichosporon asahii in Experimental and Clinical Samples  

PubMed Central

Invasive trichosporonosis is a deep mycosis found mainly in immunocompromised hosts, and the major pathogen is Trichosporon asahii. We detected the species-specific intergenic spacers (IGS) of rRNA gene of T. asahii using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay in 15 isolates with 3 different visualization methods, including SYBR green detection, gel electrophoresis, and turbidimetric methods. The LAMP assay displayed superior rapidity to other traditional methods in the detection time; that is, only 1?h was needed for detection and identification of the pathogen DNA. Furthermore, the detection limit of the LAMP assay was more sensitive than the PCR assay. We also successfully detect the presence of T. asahii in samples from experimentally infected mice and samples from patients with invasive trichosporonosis caused by T. asahii, suggesting that this method may become useful in clinical applications in the near future. PMID:25692144

Zhou, Jianfeng; Liao, Yong; Li, Haitao; Lu, Xuelian; Han, Xiufeng; Tian, Yanli; Chen, Shanshan; Yang, Rongya

2015-01-01

168

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Trichosporon asahii in Experimental and Clinical Samples.  

PubMed

Invasive trichosporonosis is a deep mycosis found mainly in immunocompromised hosts, and the major pathogen is Trichosporon asahii. We detected the species-specific intergenic spacers (IGS) of rRNA gene of T. asahii using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay in 15 isolates with 3 different visualization methods, including SYBR green detection, gel electrophoresis, and turbidimetric methods. The LAMP assay displayed superior rapidity to other traditional methods in the detection time; that is, only 1?h was needed for detection and identification of the pathogen DNA. Furthermore, the detection limit of the LAMP assay was more sensitive than the PCR assay. We also successfully detect the presence of T. asahii in samples from experimentally infected mice and samples from patients with invasive trichosporonosis caused by T. asahii, suggesting that this method may become useful in clinical applications in the near future. PMID:25692144

Zhou, Jianfeng; Liao, Yong; Li, Haitao; Lu, Xuelian; Han, Xiufeng; Tian, Yanli; Chen, Shanshan; Yang, Rongya

2015-01-01

169

Rapid detection of infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) by real-time, isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification assay.  

PubMed

Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) causes mortality or runt deformity syndrome in penaeid shrimps and is responsible for significant economic losses in the shrimp aquaculture industry. Here, we describe a novel real-time isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay developed for IHHNV detection. Using IHHNV plasmid standards and DNA samples from a variety of organisms, we evaluated the ability of the IHHNV-RPA assay to detect IHHNV based on analysis of its sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, and reproducibility. Probit analysis of eight independent experimental replicates indicated satisfactory performance of the RPA assay, which is sufficiently sensitive to detect as few as 4 copies of the IHHNV genome within 7 min at 39 °C with 95 % reliability. Therefore, this rapid RPA method has great potential for applications, either in field use or as a point of care diagnostic technique. PMID:25655264

Xia, Xiaoming; Yu, Yongxin; Hu, Linghao; Weidmann, Manfred; Pan, Yingjie; Yan, Shuling; Wang, Yongjie

2015-04-01

170

Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid and sensitive detection of nervous necrosis virus in groupers.  

PubMed

The reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method is a sensitive nucleic acid diagnostic method that can amplify rapidly a target template; it can be applied for the diagnosis of viral disease in grouper aquaculture. In this study, two outer and two inner primers were designed from nervous necrosis virus (NNV) coat protein gene sequence. The reaction temperature and time for the detection of NNV were optimized at 65 degrees C for 60min. The detection limit of RT-LAMP is 10(-6) NNV-RNA from infected groupers, and more sensitive than the one-step RT-PCR and nested RT-PCR. The combination of RNA rapid extraction and RT-LAMP, the process can be completed within 2h. Thus, the RT-LMAP is a rapid, sensitive, specific and efficient method for detection of NNV in groupers. PMID:19490975

Sung, Chia-Hsuan; Lu, Jenn-Kan

2009-08-01

171

An Isothermal System that Couples Ligand-dependent Catalysis to Ligand-independent Exponential Amplification  

PubMed Central

A system was devised that enables quantitative, ligand-dependent exponential amplification for various ligands that can be recognized by an RNA aptamer. The aptamer is linked to an RNA enzyme that catalyzes the joining of two oligonucleotide substrates. The product of this reaction is another RNA enzyme that undergoes self-sustained replication at constant temperature, increasing in copy number exponentially. The concentration of the ligand determines the amount of time required for the replication products to reach a threshold concentration. A standardized plot of time to threshold versus ligand concentration can be used to determine the concentration of ligand in an unknown sample. This system is analogous to quantitative PCR, linking rare recognition events to subsequent exponential amplification, but unlike PCR can be applied to the quantitative detection of non-nucleic-acid ligands. PMID:21322594

Lam, Bianca J.; Joyce, Gerald F.

2011-01-01

172

Design and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for the rapid detection of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius.  

PubMed

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a commensal and opportunistic pathogen of dogs. It is mainly implicated in canine pyoderma, as well as other suppurative conditions of dogs. Although bacterial culture is routinely used for clinical diagnosis, molecular methods are required to accurately identify and differentiate S. pseudintermedius from other members of the Staphylococcus intermedius group. These methods, owing largely to their cost, are not easy to implement in nonspecialized laboratories or veterinary practices. In the current study, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), a novel isothermal nucleic acid amplification procedure, was employed to develop a rapid, specific, and sensitive S. pseudintermedius assay. Different detection strategies, including the use of a lateral flow device, were evaluated. The assay was evaluated for cross-reactivity against 30 different bacterial species and validated on a panel of 108 S. pseudintermedius isolates, originating from different dog breeds and locations within the United Kingdom. The assay was specific, showing no cross-reactivity during in silico and in vitro testing. When tested using DNA extracts prepared directly from 35 clinical surgical site swabs, the assay could detect S. pseudintermedius in less than 15 min, with a diagnostic sensitivity of 94.6%, superior to that of a polymerase chain reaction method. The LAMP assay also had an analytical sensitivity in the order of 10(1) gene copies, and the amplified products were readily detected using a lateral flow device. The LAMP assay described in the present study is simple and rapid, opening up the possibility of its use as a diagnostic tool within veterinary practices. PMID:24398904

Diribe, Onyinye; North, Sarah; Sawyer, Jason; Roberts, Lisa; Fitzpatrick, Noel; La Ragione, Roberto

2014-01-01

173

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification: rapid visual and real-time methods for detection of genetically modified crops.  

PubMed

A rapid, reliable, and sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system was developed for screening of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The optimized LAMP assays using designed primers target commonly employed promoters, i.e., Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S (P-35S) and Figwort Mosaic Virus promoter (P-FMV), and marker genes, i.e., aminoglycoside 3'-adenyltransferase (aadA), neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII), and ?-glucuronidase (uidA). The specificity and performance of the end-point and real-time LAMP assays were confirmed using eight genetically modified (GM) cotton events on four detection systems, employing two chemistries. LAMP assays on the isothermal real-time system were found to be most sensitive, detecting up to four target copies, within 35 min. The LAMP assays herein presented using alternate detection systems can be effectively utilized for rapid and cost-effective screening of the GM status of a sample, irrespective of the crop species or GM trait. These assays coupled with a fast and simple DNA extraction method may further facilitate on-site GMO screening. PMID:24188249

Randhawa, Gurinder Jit; Singh, Monika; Morisset, Dany; Sood, Payal; Zel, Jana

2013-11-27

174

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification with the Procedure for Ultra Rapid Extraction kit for the diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an innovative molecular technique requiring only a heating device and isothermal conditions to amplify a specific target gene. The results of current microscopic diagnostic tools for pneumocystis pneumonia are not sufficiently consistent for detecting infection with a low-density of Pneumocystis jirovecii. Although polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is highly sensitive, it is not suitable for resource-limited facilities. LAMP is a potential diagnostic replacement for PCR in such settings but a critical disadvantage of DNA extraction was still remained. Therefore, we employed the Procedure for Ultra Rapid Extraction (PURE) kit, which uses a porous material, to isolate the DNA from clinical samples in a simple way in combination with previously reported LAMP procedure for diagnosing PCP. The detection limit of the PURE-LAMP method applied to artificial bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples was 100 copies/tube, even with the use of massive blood-contaminated solutions. In addition, we concluded the diagnostic procedure within 1 h without the need for additional equipment. PURE-LAMP coupled with suitable primers for specific pathogens has good potential for diagnosing various infectious diseases. PMID:25455747

Kawano, Shuichi; Maeda, Takuya; Suzuki, Takefumi; Abe, Tatsuhiro; Mikita, Kei; Hamakawa, Yusuke; Ono, Takeshi; Sonehara, Wataru; Miyahira, Yasushi; Kawana, Akihiko

2015-03-01

175

Detection of Bacillus anthracis from spores and cells by loop-mediated isothermal amplification without sample preparation.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a technique capable of rapidly amplifying specific nucleic acid sequences without specialized thermal cycling equipment. In addition, several detection methods that include dye fluorescence, gel electrophoresis, turbidity and colorimetric change, can be used to measure or otherwise detect target amplification. To date, publications have described the requirement for some form of sample nucleic acid extraction (boiling, lysis, DNA purification, etc.) prior to initiating a LAMP reaction. We demonstrate here, the first LAMP positive results obtained from vegetative cells and spores of Bacillus anthracis without nucleic acid extraction. Our data show that the simple addition of cells or spores to the reaction mixture, followed by heating at 63°C is all that is required to reproducibly amplify and detect target plasmid and chromosomal DNA via colorimetric change. The use of three primer sets targeting both plasmids and the chromosome of B. anthracis allows for the rapid discrimination of non-pathogenic bacteria from pathogenic bacteria within 30 min of sampling. Our results indicate that direct testing of B. anthracis spores and cells via LAMP assay will greatly simplify and shorten the detection process by eliminating nucleic acid purification. These results may allow more rapid detection of DNA from pathogenic organisms present in field and environmental samples. PMID:22677603

Dugan, Lawrence; Bearinger, Jane; Hinckley, Aubree; Strout, Cheryl; Souza, Brian

2012-09-01

176

Specific, simple and rapid detection of porcine circovirus type 2 using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification method  

PubMed Central

Background Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), and porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS). It has caused heavy losses in global agriculture in recent decades. Rapid detection of PCV2 is very important for the effective prophylaxis and treatment of PMWS. Results A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was used to detect PCV2 in this study. Three pairs of primers were specially designed for recognizing eight distinct sequences of the ORF2 gene. This gene lies in the PCV2 virus genome sequence, and encodes the Rep protein that is involved in virus replication. Time and temperature conditions for amplification of PCV2 genes were optimized to be 55 min at 59°C. The analysis of clinical samples indicated that the LAMP method was highly sensitive. The detection limit for PCV2 by the LAMP assay was 10 copies, whereas the limit by conventional PCR was 1000 copies. The assay did not cross-react with PCV1, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, transmissible gastroenteritis of pigs virus or rotavirus. When 110 samples were tested using the established LAMP system, 95 were detected as positive. Conclusion The newly developed LAMP detection method for PCV2 was more specific, sensitive, rapid and simple than before. It complements and extends previous methods for PCV2 detection and provides an alternative approach for detection of PCV2. PMID:21414233

2011-01-01

177

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid mass-screening of sand flies for Leishmania infection.  

PubMed

Entomological monitoring of Leishmania infection in leishmaniasis endemic areas offers epidemiologic advantages for predicting the risk and expansion of the disease, as well as evaluation of the effectiveness of control programs. In this study, we developed a highly sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the mass screening of sand flies for Leishmania infection based on the 18S rRNA gene. The LAMP technique could detect 0.01 parasites, which was more sensitive than classical PCR. The method was robust and could amplify the target DNA within 1h from a crude sand fly template without DNA purification. Amplicon detection could be accomplished by the newly developed colorimetric malachite green (MG)--mediated naked eye visualization. Pre-addition of MG to the LAMP reaction solution did not inhibit amplification efficiency. The field applicability of the colorimetric MG-based LAMP assay was demonstrated with 397 field-caught samples from the endemic areas of Ecuador and eight positive sand flies were detected. The robustness, superior sensitivity, and ability to produce better visual discriminatory reaction products than existing LAMP fluorescence and turbidity assays indicated the field potential usefulness of this new method for surveillance and epidemiological studies of leishmaniasis in developing countries. PMID:24388795

Nzelu, Chukwunonso O; Gomez, Eduardo A; Cáceres, Abraham G; Sakurai, Tatsuya; Martini-Robles, Luiggi; Uezato, Hiroshi; Mimori, Tatsuyuki; Katakura, Ken; Hashiguchi, Yoshihisa; Kato, Hirotomo

2014-04-01

178

Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Listeria ivanovii by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification of the smcL Gene  

PubMed Central

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid and sensitive detection of the L. ivanovii strains had been developed and evaluated in this study. Oligonucleotide primers specific for L. ivanovii species were designed corresponding to smcL gene sequences. The primers set comprise six primers targeting eight regions on the species-specific gene smcL. The LAMP assay could be completed within 1 h at 64°C in a water bath. Amplification products were directly observed by the Loopamp Fluorescent Detection Reagent (FD) or detected by agarose gel electrophoresis. Moreover, the LAMP reactions were also detected by real-time measurement of turbidity. The exclusivity of 77 non-L. ivanovii and the inclusivity of 17 L. ivanovii were both 100% in the assay. Sensitivity of the LAMP assay was 250 fg DNA and 16 CFU per reaction for detection of L. ivanovii in pure cultures and simulated human stool. The LAMP assay was 10 and 100-fold more sensitive than quantitative PCR (qPCR) and conventional PCR assays,respectively. When applied to human stool samples spiked with low level (8 CFU/0.5 g) of L. ivanovii strains, the new LAMP assay described here achieved positive detection after 6 hours enrichment. In conclusion, the new LAMP assay in this study can be used as a valuable, rapid and sensitive detection tool for the detection of L. ivanovii in field, medical and veterinary laboratories. PMID:25549337

Wang, Yi; Wang, Yan; Xu, Huaqing; Dai, Hang; Meng, Shuang; Ye, Changyun

2014-01-01

179

Combination of multiplex reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification with an immunochromatographic strip for subtyping influenza A virus.  

PubMed

Considering the fatal human victims and economic loss by the annual epidemic influenza virus, the development of a rapid and convenient genetic analysis methodology is demanding for timely on-site pathogen detection. In this study, we utilized reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) for multiplex target gene amplification, and the resultant amplicons were analyzed on the immunochromatographic strip (ICS) for subtyping influenza A virus. Through the optimized primer design, reaction temperature and time, and concentration of enzymes (Bst DNA polymerase and AMV reverse transcriptase) and dNTP, the HA (H1, H3, and H5 gene) and conserved M gene were amplified. The ICS contains two test lines in addition to a control line in order to detect the presence of the HA and M gene, thereby informing us of influenza virus A type as well as its subtype (H1N1, H3N2, and H5N1). The combination of the multiplex RT-LAMP with the ICS could be complete in 40 min and the pathotyping and subtyping of influenza A virus were performed even with 10 copies of viral RNA templates. Moreover, the subtyping of clinical samples, which were obtained from patients infected by influenza A virus was successfully confirmed using the multiplex RT-LAMP and ICS techniques, showing great feasibility of our methodology for real sample analysis with high speed, simplicity and sensitivity. PMID:25467501

Jung, Jae Hwan; Oh, Seung Jun; Kim, Yong Tae; Kim, So Yeon; Kim, Won-Jung; Jung, Jaean; Seo, Tae Seok

2015-01-01

180

Development and Evaluation of a Novel and Rapid Detection Assay for Botrytis cinerea Based on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Botrytis cinerea is a devastating plant pathogen that causes grey mould disease. In this study, we developed a visual detection method of B. cinerea based on the Bcos5 sequence using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB). The LAMP reaction was optimal at 63°C for 45 min. When HNB was added prior to amplification, samples with B. cinerea DNA developed a characteristic sky blue color after the reaction but those without DNA or with DNA of other plant pathogenic fungi did not. Results of HNB staining method were reconfirmed when LAMP products were subjected to gel electrophoresis. The detection limit of this LAMP assay for B. cinerea was 10?3 ng µL?1 of genomic DNA per reaction, which was 10-fold more sensitive than conventional PCR (10?2 ng µL?1). Detection of the LAMP assay for inoculum of B. cinerea was possible in the inoculated tomato and strawberry petals. In the 191 diseased samples, 180 (94.2%) were confirmed as positive by LAMP, 172 (90.1%) positive by the tissue separation, while 147 (77.0%) positive by PCR. Because the LAMP assay performed well in aspects of sensitivity, specificity, repeatability, reliability, and visibility, it is suitable for rapid detection of B. cinerea in infected plant materials prior to storage and during transportation, such as cut flowers, fruits and vegetables. PMID:25329402

Duan, Ya-Bing; Ge, Chang-Yan; Zhang, Xiao-Ke; Wang, Jian-Xin; Zhou, Ming-Guo

2014-01-01

181

Detection of shrimp Taura syndrome virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification using a designed portable multi-channel turbidimeter.  

PubMed

In this study, a portable turbidimetric end-point detection method was devised and tested for the detection of Taura syndrome virus (TSV) using spectroscopic measurement of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) by-product: magnesium pyrophosphate (Mg(2)P(2)O(7)). The device incorporated a heating block that maintained an optimal temperature of 63°C for the duration of the RT-LAMP reaction. Turbidity of the RT-LAMP by-product was measured when light from a light-emitting diode (LED) passed through the tube to reach a light dependent resistance (LDR) detector. Results revealed that turbidity measurement of the RT-LAMP reactions using this device provided the same detection sensitivity as the agarose gel electrophoresis detection of RT-LAMP and nested RT-PCR (IQ2000™) products. Cross reactions with other shrimp viruses were not found, indicating that the RT-LAMP-turbidity measurement was highly specific to TSV. The combination of 10 min for rapid RNA preparation with 30 min for RT-LAMP amplification followed by turbidity measurement resulted in a total assay time of less than 1h compared to 4-8h for the nested RT-PCR method. RT-LAMP plus turbidity measurement constitutes a platform for the development of more rapid and user-friendly detection of TSV in the field. PMID:21619895

Sappat, Assawapong; Jaroenram, Wansadaj; Puthawibool, Teeranart; Lomas, Tanom; Tuantranont, Adisorn; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

2011-08-01

182

Rapid visual detection of phytase gene in genetically modified maize using loop-mediated isothermal amplification method.  

PubMed

Transgenic maize plant expressing high phytase activity has been reported and approved by Chinese government in 2009. Here, we report a highly specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect the phytase gene in the GMO maize. The LAMP reaction takes less than 20min and the amplification is visible without gel electrophoresis. The detection sensitivity of the LAMP method is about 30 copies of phytase genomic DNA, which is 33.3 times greater than the conventional PCR method with gel electrophoresis. The quantitative detection results showed that the LAMP method has a good linear correlation between the DNA copy number and the associated Tt values over a large dynamic range of template concentration from 6×10(1) to 6×10(7) copies, with a quantification limit of 60 copies. Therefore, the LAMP method is visual, faster, and more sensitive, and does not need special equipment compared to traditional PCR technique, which is very useful for field tests and fast screening of GMO feeds. PMID:24629956

Huang, Xin; Chen, Lili; Xu, Jiangmin; Ji, Hai-Feng; Zhu, Shuifang; Chen, Hongjun

2014-08-01

183

Comparison of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay and Conventional Culture Methods for Detection of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in Naturally Contaminated Chicken Meat Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the efficacy of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detection of chicken meat samples naturally contaminated with Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. A total of 144 Preston enrichment broth cultures from chicken meat samples were assessed by using the LAMP assay and conventional culture methods, which consist of a combination of Preston enrichment culturing and plating onto

Wataru Yamazaki; Masumi Taguchi; Takao Kawai; Kentaro Kawatsu; Junko Sakata; Kiyoshi Inoue; Naoaki Misawa

2009-01-01

184

Development of a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the detection of Sugarcane mosaic virus and Sorghum mosaic virus in sugarcane  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detecting Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) and Sorghum mosaic virus (SrMV) in sugarcane. Six sets of four primers corresponding to the conserved coat protein gene were designed for each virus and their succ...

185

Tip-enhanced fluorescence with radially polarized illumination for monitoring loop-mediated isothermal amplification on Hepatitis C virus cDNA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tip nanobiosensor for monitoring DNA replication was presented. The effects of excitation power and polarization on tip-enhanced fluorescence (TEF) were assessed with the tip immersed in fluorescein isothiocyanate solution first. The photon count rose on average fivefold with radially polarized illumination at 50 mW. We then used polymerase-functionalized tips for monitoring loop-mediated isothermal amplification on Hepatitis C virus cDNA. The amplicon-SYBR Green I complex was detected and compared to real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification. The signals of the reaction using 4 and 0.004 ng/?l templates were detected 10 and 30 min earlier, respectively. The results showed the potential of TEF in developing a nanobiosensor for real-time DNA amplification.

Wei, Shih-Chung; Chuang, Tsung-Liang; Wang, Da-Shin; Lu, Hui-Hsin; Gu, Frank X.; Sung, Kung-Bin; Lin, Chii-Wann

2015-02-01

186

Successful diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis by loop-mediated isothermal amplification of cutaneous samples from an ulcerated surface lesion: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tuberculous lymphadenitis is the most frequent form of extrapulmonary tuberculous. Although nucleic acid amplification assays such as polymerase chain reaction have recently become mainstream techniques for diagnosing tuberculous lymphadenitis, they are still not routinely performed in developing countries because of their high costs and complicated procedures. Case presentation We describe a case of tuberculous lymphadenitis in a 79-year-old Japanese man who had been on continuous hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease. We employed loop-mediated isothermal amplification and the procedure for ultrarapid extraction to develop a fast and easy-to-perform procedure for diagnosing tuberculous lymphadenitis. Conclusions The commercially available loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay kit and a rapid purification procedure enabled us to identify and amplify a Mycobacterium tuberculosis–specific gene within just 1.5 hours. PMID:25030753

2014-01-01

187

Real-time, label-free isothermal solid-phase amplification/detection (ISAD) device for rapid detection of genetic alteration in cancers.  

PubMed

Here, we first present an isothermal solid-phase amplification/detection (ISAD) technique for the detection of single-point mutations that can be performed without labelling in real-time by utilizing both silicon microring-based solid-phase amplification and isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). The ISAD technique was performed on a silicon microring device with a plastic chamber containing 10 ?L of the reaction mixture, and characterized with an assay for the detection of the HRAS (Harvey RAS) gene single-point mutation. For the solid-phase amplification, the primer of the gene was directly attached to the surface of the device via an amine modification reaction. The amplified DNA was detected, without a label, by measuring the optical wavelength shift of the silicon microring resonator during the reaction. We demonstrated that the sensitivity of the ISAD technique was 100-times higher than that of RPA and conventional PCR methods. Moreover, this technique can be used to distinguish a single-point mutation of the HRAS gene via target amplification. This novel DNA amplification/detection technique will be useful for the detection of sequence alterations such as mutations and single-nucleotide polymorphisms as DNA biomarkers in human diseases. PMID:23609609

Shin, Yong; Perera, Agampodi Promoda; Kim, Kyung Woo; Park, Mi Kyoung

2013-06-01

188

Ultrasensitive detection of microRNA with isothermal amplification and a time-resolved fluorescence sensor.  

PubMed

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in a plethora of biological and cellular processes. The levels of miRNAs can be useful biomarkers for cellular events or disease diagnosis, thus the method for sensitive and selective detection of miRNAs is imperative to miRNA discovery, study, and clinical diagnosis. Here we develop a novel method to quantify miRNA expression levels as low as attomolar sensitivity by two-stage exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR) and a time-resolved fluorescence sensor in real samples. The method reveals superior sensitivity with a detection limit of miRNA of 0.1 aM under pure conditions. The method also shows the high selectivity for discriminating differences between miRNA family members, thus providing a promising alternative to standard approaches for quantitative detection of miRNA. PMID:24561522

Wang, Ke; Zhang, Kai; Lv, Zhuwu; Zhu, Xue; Zhu, Ling; Zhou, Fanfan

2014-07-15

189

Visual detection of Potato Leafroll virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA with the GeneFinder™ dye.  

PubMed

The most common virus affecting potatoes in the field worldwide is Potato Leafroll virus (PLRV), belonging to the family Luteoviridae, genius Plerovirus. There are several molecular methods to detect PLRV including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Multiplex AmpliDet RNA and double antibody sandwich ELISA (DAS-ELISA). But these techniques take a long time for 3h to two days, requiring sophisticated tools. The aim of this study was to reduce the time required to detect PLRV, using a newly designed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique requiring only an ordinary water bath or thermoblock. PLRV RNA was extracted from overall 80 infected naturally potato leaves. A set of six novel primers for the LAMP reaction was designed according to the highly conserved sequence of the viral coat protein (CP) gene. LAMP was carried out under isothermal conditions, applying the Bst DNA polymerase enzyme; the LAMP products were detected visually using the GeneFinder™ florescence dye. A positive result using the GeneFinder™ dye was a color change from the original orange to green. Results confirmed LAMP with GeneFinder™ provides a rapid and safe assay for detection of PLRV. Since with other molecular methods, equipping laboratories with a thermocycler or expensive detector systems is unavoidable, this assay was found to be a simple, cost-effective molecular method that has the potential to replace other diagnostic methods in primary laboratories without the need for expensive equipment or specialized techniques. It can also be considered as a reliable alternative viral detection system in further investigations. PMID:23680094

Almasi, Mohammad Amin; Erfan Manesh, Maryam; Jafary, Hossein; Dehabadi, Seyed Mohammad Hosseini

2013-09-01

190

Rapid Visual Detection of Highly Pathogenic Streptococcus suis Serotype 2 Isolates by Use of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (S. suis 2) is an important zoonotic pathogen that causes considerable economic losses to the pig industry and significantly threatens public health worldwide. The highly pathogenic S. suis 2, which contains the 89K pathogenicity island (PAI), has caused large-scale outbreaks of infections in humans, resulting in high mortality rates. In this study, we established two loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based assays that can rapidly detect S. suis 2 and the 89K PAI and can be performed simultaneously under the same conditions. Further, based on the findings of these two LAMP assays and using the same set of serially diluted DNA samples, we compared the sensitivities of different LAMP product detection methods, including SYBR green detection, gel electrophoresis, turbidimetry, calcein assays, and hydroxynaphthol blue detection. The results suggest that target genes can be amplified and detected within 48 min under 63°C isothermal conditions. The sensitivity of tests for S. suis 2 detection varies between detection methods and reaction systems, indicating that for each LAMP reaction system, multiple detection methods should be performed to select the optimal one. The sensitivities of the optimized methods (7.16 copies/reaction) in the present study were identical to those of the real-time PCR assay, and the test results for reference strains and clinical samples showed that these LAMP systems have high specificities. Thus, since the LAMP systems established in this study are simple, fast, and sensitive, they may have good clinical potential for detecting the highly pathogenic S. suis 2. PMID:23884995

Zhang, Jinhai; Zhu, Jing; Ren, Hao; Zhu, Shiying; Zhao, Ping; Zhang, Fengyu; Lv, Heng; Hu, Dan; Hao, Lina; Geng, Meiling; Gong, Xiufang; Pan, Xiuzhen

2013-01-01

191

An inexpensive and rapid diagnostic method of Koi Herpesvirus (KHV) infection by loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

Background Koi Herpesvirus (KHV) affects both juvenile and adult common carp and koi, and is especially lethal to fry. The high mortalities caused by the disease have had a negative impact on the international koi trade. Different diagnostic techniques have been used to detect KHV, including: isolation of the virus in cell culture, electron microscopy, several PCR tests, ELISA and in situ hybridisation. All of these methods are time consuming, laborious and require specialised equipment. Results A rapid field diagnosis of KHV in common and koi carp was developed using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). The LAMP reaction rapidly amplified nucleic acid with high specificity and efficiency under isothermal conditions using a simple water bath. Two methods of extracting DNA from host tissue were compared: extraction by boiling and by using a commercial extraction kit. A set of six primers – two inner primers, two outer primers and two loop primers – was designed from a KHV amplicon. The reaction conditions were optimised for detection of KHV in 60 min at 65°C using Bst (Bacillus stearothermophilus) DNA polymerase. When visualised by gel electrophoresis, the products of the KHV LAMP assay appeared as a ladder pattern, with many bands of different sizes from 50 base-pairs (bp) up to the loading well. The KHV LAMP product could also be simply detected visually by adding SYBR Green I to the reaction tube and observing a colour change from orange to green. All samples positive for KHV by visual detection were confirmed positive by gel electrophoresis. The KHV LAMP had the same sensitivity as a standard PCR assay for the detection of KHV. Conclusion This paper describes an accelerated LAMP assay for diagnosis of KHV. The entire procedure took only 90 minutes to produce a result: 15 minutes for DNA extraction; 60 min for the LAMP reaction; 2 min for visual detection using SYBR Green I. The test can be used under field conditions because the only equipment it requires is a water bath. PMID:16216123

Soliman, Hatem; El-Matbouli, Mansour

2005-01-01

192

Simple, rapid and sensitive detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi by loop-isothermal DNA amplification.  

PubMed

We present a loop-mediated isothermal PCR assay (LAMP) targeting the groEL gene, which encodes the 60kDa heat shock protein of Orientia tsutsugamushi. Evaluation included testing of 63 samples of contemporary in vitro isolates, buffy coats and whole blood samples from patients with fever. Detection limits for LAMP were assessed by serial dilutions and quantitation by real-time PCR assay based on the same target gene: three copies/microl for linearized plasmids, 26 copies/microl for VERO cell culture isolates, 14 copies/microl for full blood samples and 41 copies/microl for clinical buffy coats. Based on a limited sample number, the LAMP assay is comparable in sensitivity with conventional nested PCR (56kDa gene), with limits of detection well below the range of known admission bacterial loads of patients with scrub typhus. This inexpensive method requires no sophisticated equipment or sample preparation, and may prove useful as a diagnostic assay in financially poor settings; however, it requires further prospective validation in the field setting. PMID:18565558

Paris, Daniel H; Blacksell, Stuart D; Newton, Paul N; Day, Nicholas P J

2008-12-01

193

Development of a Highly Sensitive Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method for the Detection of Loa loa  

PubMed Central

The filarial parasite Loa loa, the causative agent of loiasis, is endemic in Central and Western Africa infecting 3–13 million people. L. loa has been associated with fatal encephalopathic reactions in high Loa-infected individuals receiving ivermectin during mass drug administration programs for the control of onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. In endemic areas, the only diagnostic method routinely used is the microscopic examination of mid-day blood samples by thick blood film. Improved methods for detection of L. loa are needed in endemic regions with limited resources, where delayed diagnosis results in high mortality. We have investigated the use of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay to facilitate rapid, inexpensive, molecular diagnosis of loiasis. Primers for LAMP were designed from a species-specific repetitive DNA sequence from L. loa retrieved from GenBank. Genomic DNA of a L. loa adult worm was used to optimize the LAMP conditions using a thermocycler or a conventional heating block. Amplification of DNA in the LAMP mixture was visually inspected for turbidity as well as addition of fluorescent dye. LAMP specificity was evaluated using DNA from other parasites; sensitivity was evaluated using DNA from L. loa 10-fold serially diluted. Simulated human blood samples spiked with DNA from L. loa were also tested for sensitivity. Upon addition of fluorescent dye, all positive reactions turned green while the negative controls remained orange under ambient light. After electrophoresis on agarose gels, a ladder of multiple bands of different sizes could be observed in positive samples. The detection limit of the assay was found to be as little as 0.5 ag of L. loa genomic DNA when using a heating block. We have designed, for the first time, a highly sensitive LAMP assay for the detection of L. loa which is potentially adaptable for field diagnosis and disease surveillance in loiasis-endemic areas. PMID:24722638

Fernández-Soto, Pedro; Mvoulouga, Prosper Obolo; Akue, Jean Paul; Abán, Julio López; Santiago, Belén Vicente; Sánchez, Miguel Cordero; Muro, Antonio

2014-01-01

194

Development of a highly sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the detection of Loa loa.  

PubMed

The filarial parasite Loa loa, the causative agent of loiasis, is endemic in Central and Western Africa infecting 3-13 million people. L. loa has been associated with fatal encephalopathic reactions in high Loa-infected individuals receiving ivermectin during mass drug administration programs for the control of onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. In endemic areas, the only diagnostic method routinely used is the microscopic examination of mid-day blood samples by thick blood film. Improved methods for detection of L. loa are needed in endemic regions with limited resources, where delayed diagnosis results in high mortality. We have investigated the use of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay to facilitate rapid, inexpensive, molecular diagnosis of loiasis. Primers for LAMP were designed from a species-specific repetitive DNA sequence from L. loa retrieved from GenBank. Genomic DNA of a L. loa adult worm was used to optimize the LAMP conditions using a thermocycler or a conventional heating block. Amplification of DNA in the LAMP mixture was visually inspected for turbidity as well as addition of fluorescent dye. LAMP specificity was evaluated using DNA from other parasites; sensitivity was evaluated using DNA from L. loa 10-fold serially diluted. Simulated human blood samples spiked with DNA from L. loa were also tested for sensitivity. Upon addition of fluorescent dye, all positive reactions turned green while the negative controls remained orange under ambient light. After electrophoresis on agarose gels, a ladder of multiple bands of different sizes could be observed in positive samples. The detection limit of the assay was found to be as little as 0.5 ag of L. loa genomic DNA when using a heating block. We have designed, for the first time, a highly sensitive LAMP assay for the detection of L. loa which is potentially adaptable for field diagnosis and disease surveillance in loiasis-endemic areas. PMID:24722638

Fernández-Soto, Pedro; Mvoulouga, Prosper Obolo; Akue, Jean Paul; Abán, Julio López; Santiago, Belén Vicente; Sánchez, Miguel Cordero; Muro, Antonio

2014-01-01

195

Rapid and simple detection of methicillin-resistance staphylococcus aureus by orfX loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay  

PubMed Central

Background Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become one of the most prevalent pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections throughout the world. As clinical MRSA diagnosis is concerned, current diagnostic methodologies are restricted by significant drawbacks and novel methods are required for MRSA detection. This study aimed at developing a simple loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting on orfX for the rapid detection of methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Results The protocol was designed by targeting orfX, a highly conserved open reading frame in S. aureus. One hundred and sixteen reference strains, including 52 Gram-positive and 64 Gram-negative isolates, were included for evaluation and optimization of the orfX-LAMP assay. This assay had been further performed on 667 Staphylococcus (566 MRSA, 25 MSSA, 53 MRCNS and 23 MSCNS) strains and were comparatively validated by PCR assay using primers F3 and B3, with rapid template DNA processing, simple equipments (water bath) and direct result determination (both naked eye and under UV light) applied. The indispensability of each primer had been confirmed, and the optimal amplification was obtained under 65°C for 45 min. The 25 ?l reactant was found to be the most cost-efficient volume, and the detection limit was determined to be 10 DNA copies and 10 CFU/reaction. High specificity was observed when orfX-LAMP assay was subjected to 116 reference strains. For application, 557 (98.4%, 557/566) and 519 (91.7%, 519/566) tested strains had been detected positive by LAMP and PCR assays. The detection rate, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of orfX-LAMP were 98.4%, 100% and 92.7% respectively. Conclusions The established orfX-LAMP assay had been demonstrated to be a valid and rapid detection method on MRSA. PMID:24456841

2014-01-01

196

Detection of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP)  

PubMed Central

Background The first documented case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) occurred in 2012, and outbreaks have continued ever since, mainly in Saudi Arabia. MERS-CoV is primarily diagnosed using a real-time RT-PCR assay, with at least two different genomic targets required for a positive diagnosis according to the case definition of The World Health Organization (WHO) as of 3 July 2013. Therefore, it is urgently necessary to develop as many specific genetic diagnostic methods as possible to allow stable diagnosis of MERS-CoV infections. Methods Reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) is a genetic diagnostic method used widely for the detection of viral pathogens, which requires only a single temperature for amplification, and can be completed in less than 1 h. This study developed a novel RT-LAMP assay for detecting MERS-CoV using primer sets targeting a conserved nucleocapsid protein region. Results The RT-LAMP assay was capable of detecting as few as 3.4 copies of MERS-CoV RNA, and was highly specific, with no cross-reaction to other respiratory viruses. Pilot experiments to detect MERS-CoV from medium containing pharyngeal swabs inoculated with pre-titrated viruses were also performed. The RT-LAMP assay exhibited sensitivity similar to that of MERS-CoV real-time RT-PCR. Conclusions These results suggest that the RT-LAMP assay described here is a useful tool for the diagnosis and epidemiologic surveillance of human MERS-CoV infections. PMID:25103205

2014-01-01

197

Rapid and sensitive detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus by loop mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick  

PubMed Central

Background Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) is the most devastating bacterial citrus disease worldwide. Three Candidatus Liberibacter species are associated with different forms of the disease: Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, Candidatus Liberibacter americanus and Candidatus Liberibacter africanus. Amongst them, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus is the most widespread and economically important. These Gram-negative bacterial plant pathogens are phloem-limited and vectored by citrus psyllids. The current management strategy of HLB is based on early and accurate detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in both citrus plants and vector insects. Nowadays, real time PCR is the method of choice for this task, mainly because of its sensitivity and reliability. However, this methodology has several drawbacks, namely high equipment costs, the need for highly trained personnel, the time required to conduct the whole process, and the difficulty in carrying out the detection reactions in field conditions. Results A recent DNA amplification technique known as Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) was adapted for the detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. This methodology was combined with a Lateral Flow Dipstick (LFD) device for visual detection of the resulting amplicons, eliminating the need for gel electrophoresis. The assay was highly specific for the targeted bacterium. No cross-reaction was observed with DNA from any of the other phytopathogenic bacteria or fungi assayed. By serially diluting purified DNA from an infected plant, the sensitivity of the assay was found to be 10 picograms. This sensitivity level was proven to be similar to the values obtained running a real time PCR in parallel. This methodology was able to detect Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus from different kinds of samples including infected citrus plants and psyllids. Conclusions Our results indicate that the methodology here reported constitutes a step forward in the development of new tools for the management, control and eradication of this destructive citrus disease. This system constitutes a potentially field-capable approach for the detection of the most relevant HLB-associated bacteria in plant material and psyllid vectors. PMID:24708539

2014-01-01

198

Rapid, sensitive detection of Vibrio anguillarum using loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vibrio anguillarum is an important bacterial pathogen of aquatic organisms and a significant problem in aquatic farming. The rapid detection and identification of V. anguillarum, and other pathogens that infect marine organisms, is crucial to effective disease management. In this study, we developed a loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) assay to detect V. anguillarum in an hour in a single tube without the need for thermal cycling. Conserved regions of the metalloproteinase ( empA) gene of V. anguillarum served as the targets for primer design. A fragment of the empA gene was amplified at 65°C in the presence of the primer mixture and Bst DNA polymerase. In the optimized LAMP assay, 6.7 pg of V. anguillarum DNA could be detected. Six strains of V. anguillarum and 17 strains of non- V. anguillarum bacteria were used in this study to evaluate the species specificity of the primers. The six V. anguillarum strains gave a positive result in the LAMP assay. This method was also validated in V. anguillarum-infected fish. This LAMP method is more sensitive than PCR in the detection of V. anguillarum and shows good species specificity. The LAMP assay is therefore an effective method for the quick detection of V. anguillarum both in the laboratory and in the field.

Gao, Hongwei; Li, Fuhua; Zhang, Xiaojun; Wang, Bing; Xiang, Jianhai

2010-01-01

199

Rapid genome detection of Schmallenberg virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus by use of isothermal amplification methods and high-speed real-time reverse transcriptase PCR.  

PubMed

Over the past few years, there has been an increasing demand for rapid and simple diagnostic tools that can be applied outside centralized laboratories by using transportable devices. In veterinary medicine, such mobile test systems would circumvent barriers associated with the transportation of samples and significantly reduce the time to diagnose important infectious animal diseases. Among a wide range of available technologies, high-speed real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and the two isothermal amplification techniques loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) represent three promising candidates for integration into mobile pen-side tests. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of these amplification strategies and to evaluate their suitability for field application. In order to enable a valid comparison, novel pathogen-specific assays have been developed for the detection of Schmallenberg virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus. The newly developed assays were evaluated in comparison with established standard RT-qPCR using samples from experimentally or field-infected animals. Even though all assays allowed detection of the target virus in less than 30 min, major differences were revealed concerning sensitivity, specificity, robustness, testing time, and complexity of assay design. These findings indicated that the success of an assay will depend on the integrated amplification technology. Therefore, the application-specific pros and cons of each method that were identified during this study provide very valuable insights for future development and optimization of pen-side tests. PMID:24648561

Aebischer, Andrea; Wernike, Kerstin; Hoffmann, Bernd; Beer, Martin

2014-06-01

200

Rapid Genome Detection of Schmallenberg Virus and Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus by Use of Isothermal Amplification Methods and High-Speed Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase PCR  

PubMed Central

Over the past few years, there has been an increasing demand for rapid and simple diagnostic tools that can be applied outside centralized laboratories by using transportable devices. In veterinary medicine, such mobile test systems would circumvent barriers associated with the transportation of samples and significantly reduce the time to diagnose important infectious animal diseases. Among a wide range of available technologies, high-speed real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and the two isothermal amplification techniques loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) represent three promising candidates for integration into mobile pen-side tests. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of these amplification strategies and to evaluate their suitability for field application. In order to enable a valid comparison, novel pathogen-specific assays have been developed for the detection of Schmallenberg virus and bovine viral diarrhea virus. The newly developed assays were evaluated in comparison with established standard RT-qPCR using samples from experimentally or field-infected animals. Even though all assays allowed detection of the target virus in less than 30 min, major differences were revealed concerning sensitivity, specificity, robustness, testing time, and complexity of assay design. These findings indicated that the success of an assay will depend on the integrated amplification technology. Therefore, the application-specific pros and cons of each method that were identified during this study provide very valuable insights for future development and optimization of pen-side tests. PMID:24648561

Aebischer, Andrea; Wernike, Kerstin; Beer, Martin

2014-01-01

201

A portable automatic endpoint detection system for amplicons of loop mediated isothermal amplification on microfluidic compact disk platform.  

PubMed

In recent years, many improvements have been made in foodborne pathogen detection methods to reduce the impact of food contamination. Several rapid methods have been developed with biosensor devices to improve the way of performing pathogen detection. This paper presents an automated endpoint detection system for amplicons generated by loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) on a microfluidic compact disk platform. The developed detection system utilizes a monochromatic ultraviolet (UV) emitter for excitation of fluorescent labeled LAMP amplicons and a color sensor to detect the emitted florescence from target. Then it processes the sensor output and displays the detection results on liquid crystal display (LCD). The sensitivity test has been performed with detection limit up to 2.5 × 10(-3) ng/µL with different DNA concentrations of Salmonella bacteria. This system allows a rapid and automatic endpoint detection which could lead to the development of a point-of-care diagnosis device for foodborne pathogens detection in a resource-limited environment. PMID:25751077

Uddin, Shah Mukim; Ibrahim, Fatimah; Sayad, Abkar Ahmed; Thiha, Aung; Pei, Koh Xiu; Mohktar, Mas S; Hashim, Uda; Cho, Jongman; Thong, Kwai Lin

2015-01-01

202

Visual detection of norovirus genogroup II by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification with hydroxynaphthol blue dye.  

PubMed

A simple, rapid, specific, and sensitive colorimetric reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay with hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB) was established, targeting RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and capsid protein gene for the detection of the dominant norovirus genogroup in China-NoV GII. The assay was carried out at 65 °C for 60 min with no cross-reactivity with other common gastroenteritis viruses. The sensitivity of this assay was 10(3) copies per reaction which is equivalent to the conventional RT-PCR test. The clinical test showed 94.83% coincidence rate for NoV genogroup II detection compared with the results, confirmed by the Department of Viral Diarrhea of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention via conventional RT-PCR. The HNB dye-based RT-LAMP could be a novel rapid screening method for prevalent norovirus genogroup II in China, especially in those resource-limited hospitals and rural local clinics. PMID:24752892

Luo, Jianming; Xu, Ziqian; Nie, Kai; Ding, Xiong; Guan, Li; Wang, Ji; Xian, Yuying; Wu, Xiyang; Ma, Xuejun

2014-09-01

203

Rapid detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay.  

PubMed

A rapid detection assay based on reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) has been developed for detecting porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The RT-LAMP assay utilized a set of six primers to amplify the open reading frame 6 (ORF6) of the PRRSV. The amplified products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis or visualized by colorimetric method. The results demonstrated that the RT-LAMP assay detected all 22 different PRRSV isolates, had no cross-reaction with four other swine viruses (i.e., PCV2, SIV, CSFV, and PEDV), and obtained a 91.3% sensitivity in 23 positive clinical samples in reference to the permissive cells-based virus isolation procedure. Therefore, the RT-LAMP assay provides a specific and sensitive means for detecting PRRSV in a simple, fast, and cost-effective manner. Furthermore, the RT-LAMP assay can be performed in less well-equipped laboratories as well as fields. PMID:18926852

Li, Qiang; Zhou, Qing-Feng; Xue, Chun-Yi; Ma, Jing-Yun; Zhu, Dao-Zhong; Cao, Yong-Chang

2009-01-01

204

Rapid detection of aflatoxin producing fungi in food by real-time quantitative loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Aflatoxins represent a serious risk for human and animal health. They are mainly produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus but also by Aspergillus nomius. Three species specific turbidimeter based real-time LAMP (loop-mediated isothermal amplification) assays were developed to quantify the three species individually in conidial solutions and to define contamination levels in samples of shelled Brazil nuts, maize, and peanuts. Standard curves relating spore numbers to time to threshold (Tt) values were set up for each of the species. Assays had detection limits of 10, 100 and 100 conidia per reaction of A. flavus, A. parasiticus, and A. nomius, respectively. Analysis of contaminated sample materials revealed that the A. nomius specific real-time LAMP assay detected a minimum of 10 conidia/g in Brazil nuts while assays specific for A. flavus and A. parasiticus had detection limits of 10(2) conidia/g and 10(5) conidia/g, respectively in peanut samples as well as 10(4) conidia/g and 10(4) conidia/g, respectively in samples of maize. The real-time LAMP assays developed here appear to be promising tools for the prediction of potential aflatoxigenic risk at an early stage and in all critical control points of the food and feed production chain. PMID:25084656

Luo, Jie; Vogel, Rudi F; Niessen, Ludwig

2014-12-01

205

Development of a multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay to detect shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in cattle  

PubMed Central

A multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification (mLAMP) assay was developed for simultaneous detection of the stx1 and stx2 genes and applied for detection of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in cattle farm samples. Two target genes were distinguished based on Tm values of 85.03 ± 0.54? for stx1 and 87.47 ± 0.35? for stx2. The mLAMP assay was specific (100% inclusivity and exclusivity), sensitive (with a detection limit as low as 10 fg/µL), and quantifiable (R2 = 0.9313). The efficacy and sensitivity were measured to evaluate applicability of the mLAMP assay to cattle farm samples. A total of 12 (12/253; 4.7%) and 17 (17/253; 6.7%) STEC O157, and 11 (11/236; 4.7%) non-O157 STEC strains were isolated from cattle farm samples by conventional selective culture, immunomagnetic separation, and PCR-based culture methods, respectively. The coinciding multiplex PCR and mLAMP results for the types of shiga toxin revealed the value of the mLAMP assay in terms of accuracy and rapidity for characterizing shiga toxin genes. Furthermore, the high detection rate of specific genes from enrichment broth samples indicates the potential utility of this assay as a screening method for detecting STEC in cattle farm samples. PMID:24675834

Dong, Hee-Jin; Cho, Ae-Ri; Hahn, Tae-Wook

2014-01-01

206

Rapid detection of peste des petits ruminants virus by a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay.  

PubMed

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is the causative agent of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), an economically important viral disease of small ruminants. In this report, a one-step, single-tube, reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of PPRV. A set of six LAMP primers were designed based on the matrix gene sequence of PPRV to amplify the target RNA by incubation at 63°C for 60min with Bst DNA polymerase and reverse transcriptase. The amplified products could be observed by the naked eye. The specificity of the RT-LAMP assay was validated by amplifying eight strains of PPRV isolated in different geographical areas. No cross-reactivity with other related viruses, including rinderpest virus, canine distemper virus and measles virus, was detected. The sensitivity of the assay was similar to that of real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 10-fold higher than that of conventional RT-PCR. Twenty clinical samples were evaluated by the RT-LAMP assay, and the results were consistent with those of real-time RT-PCR. As a simple, rapid and accurate detection method, this RT-LAMP assay has important potential applications in the clinical diagnosis of PPR and the surveillance of PPRV. PMID:20813134

Li, Lin; Bao, Jingyue; Wu, Xiaodong; Wang, Zhiliang; Wang, Junwei; Gong, Mingxia; Liu, Chunju; Li, Jinming

2010-12-01

207

Rapid Detection of the Marek's Disease Viral Genome in Chicken Feathers by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the rapid detection of serotype 1 Marek's disease virus (MDV) was developed. The method used a set of three pairs of primers to amplify the MEQ gene for detecting serotype 1 MDV. The MDV LAMP method did not cross-react with serotype 2 and serotype 3, nor did the LAMP primers have binding sites for the common avian DNA viruses (reticuloendotheliosis virus, chicken anemia virus, subgroup J of the avian leukosis virus). Additionally, the assay could detect up to 10 copies of the MEQ gene in the MD viral genome, and it had 10 times higher sensitivity than the traditional PCR methods. The LAMP master mix was stable for 90 days at ?20°C. Furthermore, the efficiency of LAMP for detection of serotype 1 MDV in clinical samples was comparable to those of PCR and viral isolation. The LAMP procedure is simple and does not rely on any special equipment. The detection of serotype 1 MDV by LAMP will be useful for detecting and controlling oncogenic Marek's disease. PMID:22170920

Baskaran, Subasty; Gopal, Dhinakar Raj; Devarajan, Jeyanthi; Kathaperumal, Kumanan

2012-01-01

208

Comparison of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification for orf virus with quantitative real-time PCR  

PubMed Central

Background Orf virus (ORFV) causes orf (also known as contagious ecthyma or contagious papular dermatitis), a severe infectious skin disease in goats, sheep and other ruminants. Therefore, a rapid, highly specific and accurate method for the diagnosis of ORFV infections is essential to ensure that the appropriate treatments are administered and to reduce economic losses. Methods A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay based on the identification of the F1L gene was developed for the specific detection of ORFV infections. The sensitivity and specificity of the LAMP assay were evaluated, and the effectiveness of this method was compared with that of real-time PCR. Results The sensitivity of this assay was determined to be 10 copies of a standard plasmid. Furthermore, no cross-reactivity was found with either capripox virus or FMDV. The LAMP and real-time PCR assays were both able to detect intracutaneous- and cohabitation-infection samples, with a concordance of 97.83%. LAMP demonstrated a sensitivity of 89.13%. Conclusion The LAMP assay is a highly efficient and practical method for detecting ORFV infection. This LAMP method shows great potential for monitoring the prevalence of orf, and it could prove to be a powerful supplemental tool for current diagnostic methods. PMID:23634981

2013-01-01

209

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification of Specific Endoglucanase Gene Sequence for Detection of the Bacterial Wilt Pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum  

PubMed Central

The increased globalization of crops production and processing industries also promotes the side-effects of more rapid and efficient spread of plant pathogens. To prevent the associated economic losses, and particularly those related to bacterial diseases where their management relies on removal of the infected material from production, simple, easy-to-perform, rapid and cost-effective tests are needed. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays that target 16S rRNA, fliC and egl genes were compared and evaluated as on-site applications. The assay with the best performance was that targeted to the egl gene, which shows high analytical specificity for diverse strains of the betaproteobacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, including its non-European and non-race 3 biovar 2 strains. The additional melting curve analysis provides confirmation of the test results. According to our extensive assessment, the egl LAMP assay requires minimum sample preparation (a few minutes of boiling) for the identification of pure cultures and ooze from symptomatic material, and it can also be used in a high-throughput format in the laboratory. This provides sensitive and reliable detection of R. solanacearum strains of different phylotypes. PMID:24763488

Pirc, Manca; Llop, Pablo; Ravnikar, Maja; Dreo, Tanja

2014-01-01

210

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assays for the Species-specific Detection of Eimeria that Infect Chickens  

PubMed Central

Eimeria species parasites, protozoa which cause the enteric disease coccidiosis, pose a serious threat to the production and welfare of chickens. In the absence of effective control clinical coccidiosis can be devastating. Resistance to the chemoprophylactics frequently used to control Eimeria is common and sub-clinical infection is widespread, influencing feed conversion ratios and susceptibility to other pathogens such as Clostridium perfringens. Despite the availability of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based tools, diagnosis of Eimeria infection still relies almost entirely on traditional approaches such as lesion scoring and oocyst morphology, but neither is straightforward. Limitations of the existing molecular tools include the requirement for specialist equipment and difficulties accessing DNA as template. In response a simple field DNA preparation protocol and a panel of species-specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays have been developed for the seven Eimeria recognised to infect the chicken. We now provide a detailed protocol describing the preparation of genomic DNA from intestinal tissue collected post-mortem, followed by setup and readout of the LAMP assays. Eimeria species-specific LAMP can be used to monitor parasite occurrence, assessing the efficacy of a farm’s anticoccidial strategy, and to diagnose sub-clinical infection or clinical disease with particular value when expert surveillance is unavailable. PMID:25741643

Barkway, Christopher P.; Pocock, Rebecca L.; Vrba, Vladimir; Blake, Damer P.

2015-01-01

211

Real-Time Reverse-Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid Detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus?  

PubMed Central

The development and validation of a one-step, single-tube, real-time accelerated reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) for the detection of the L RNA segment of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) are described. The assay was performed at a constant temperature (63°C), with a real-time follow-up using a LightCycler and a double-stranded-DNA-intercalating fluorochrome. The assay is highly sensitive and comparable to real-time RT-PCR, with a detection limit of ?10 RNA copies per assay. However, the RT-LAMP assay is much faster than traditional RT-PCR and generates results in <30 min for most diluted samples. The specificity of the primers was established using other, related arboviruses as well as virus-containing and virus-free sera. The RT-LAMP assay reported here is thus a valuable tool for the rapid detection of RVFV in field diagnostic laboratories. PMID:18799705

Peyrefitte, Christophe N.; Boubis, Laetitia; Coudrier, Daniel; Bouloy, Michèle; Grandadam, Marc; Tolou, Hugues J.; Plumet, Sébastien

2008-01-01

212

Development of phage immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for organophosphorus pesticides in agro-products.  

PubMed

Two immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays (iLAMP) were developed by using a phage-borne peptide that was isolated from a cyclic eight-peptide phage library. One assay was used to screen eight organophosphorus (OP) pesticides with limits of detection (LOD) between 2 and 128 ng mL(-1). The iLAMP consisted of the competitive immuno-reaction coupled to the LAMP reaction for detection. This method provides positive results in the visual color of violet, while a negative response results in a sky blue color; therefore, the iLAMP allows one to rapidly detect analytes in yes or no fashion. We validated the iLAMP by detecting parathion-methyl, parathion, and fenitrothion in Chinese cabbage, apple, and greengrocery, and the detection results were consistent with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In conclusion, the iLAMP is a simple, rapid, sensitive, and economical method for detecting OP pesticide residues in agro-products with no instrumental requirement. PMID:25135320

Hua, Xiude; Yin, Wei; Shi, Haiyan; Li, Ming; Wang, Yanru; Wang, Hong; Ye, Yonghao; Kim, Hee Joo; Gee, Shirley J; Wang, Minghua; Liu, Fengquan; Hammock, Bruce D

2014-08-19

213

Development of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Targeting 18S Ribosomal DNA for Rapid Detection of Azumiobodo hoyamushi (Kinetoplastea)  

PubMed Central

Ascidian soft tunic syndrome (AsSTS) caused by Azumiobodo hoyamushi (A. hoyamushi) is a serious aquaculture problem that results in mass mortality of ascidians. Accordingly, the early and accurate detection of A. hoyamushi would contribute substantially to disease management and prevention of transmission. Recently, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was adopted for clinical diagnosis of a range of infectious diseases. Here, the authors describe a rapid and efficient LAMP-based method targeting the 18S rDNA gene for detection of A. hoyamushi using ascidian DNA for the diagnosis of AsSTS. A. hoyamushi LAMP assay amplified the DNA of 0.01 parasites per reaction and detected A. hoyamushi in 10 ng of ascidian DNA. To validate A. hoyamushi 18S rDNA LAMP assays, AsSTS-suspected and non-diseased ascidians were examined by microscopy, PCR, and by using the LAMP assay. When PCR was used as a gold standard, the LAMP assay showed good agreement in terms of sensitivity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). In the present study, a LAMP assay based on directly heat-treated samples was found to be as efficient as DNA extraction using a commercial kit for detecting A. hoyamushi. Taken together, this study shows the devised A. hoyamushi LAMP assay could be used to diagnose AsSTS in a straightforward, sensitive, and specific manner, that it could be used for forecasting, surveillance, and quarantine of AsSTS. PMID:25031473

Song, Su-Min; Sylvatrie-Danne, Dinzouna-Boutamba; Joo, So-Young; Shin, Yun Kyung; Yu, Hak Sun; Lee, Yong-Seok; Jung, Ji-Eon; Inoue, Noboru; Lee, Won Kee; Goo, Youn-Kyoung; Chung, Dong-Il

2014-01-01

214

Rapid and sensitive detection of Little cherry virus 2 using isothermal reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification.  

PubMed

Little cherry virus 2 (LChV2) (genus Ampelovirus) is the primary causal agent of little cherry disease (LCD) in sweet cherry (Prunus avium) in North America and other parts of the world. This mealybug-transmitted virus does not induce significant foliar symptoms in most sweet cherry cultivars, but does cause virus-infected trees to yield unevenly ripened small fruits with poor flavor. Most fruits from infected trees are unmarketable. In the present study, an isothermal reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) technique was developed using LChV2 coat protein specific primers and probe. Detection of terminally labeled amplicons was achieved with a high affinity lateral flow strip. The RT-RPA is confirmed to be simple, fast, and specific. In comparison, although it retains the sensitivity of RT-PCR, it is a more cost-effective procedure. RT-RPA will be a very useful tool for detecting LChV2 from crude extracts in any growth stage of sweet cherry from field samples. PMID:24797461

Mekuria, Tefera A; Zhang, Shulu; Eastwell, Kenneth C

2014-05-01

215

Rapid Identification of Chikungunya and Dengue Virus by a Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method  

PubMed Central

Both Chikungunya and Dengue virus belong to the acute arthropod-borne viruses. Because of the lack of specific symptoms, it is difficult to distinguish the two infections based on clinical manifestations. To identify and quantitatively detect Chikungunya and Dengue viruses, a real-time accelerated reverse-transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) platform was developed, and 26-confirmed RNA samples, 42 suspects, and 18 healthy serum samples were evaluated by the method. The RT-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cDNA sequencing were used as references. The results showed that it could identify the Chikungunya and Dengue virus RNA correctly in all antibody-positive samples within 1 hour, without any cross-reactions. The virus load of the positive samples was quantitatively detected with a turbidimeter. The sensitivity was 100% and specificity was 95.25%. The findings indicate that the RT-LAMP is an effective method for rapid quantity detection of Chikungunya virus and Dengue virus in serum samples with convenient operation, high specificity, and high sensitivity. PMID:22964720

Lu, Xi; Li, Xiaobo; Mo, Ziyao; Jin, Faguang; Wang, Boliang; Zhao, Hongbo; Shan, Xiaoxiao; Shi, Lei

2012-01-01

216

Establishment and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system for detection of cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane.  

PubMed

To meet the demand for detection of foreign genes in genetically modified (GM) sugarcane necessary for regulation of gene technology, an efficient method with high specificity and rapidity was developed for the cry1Ac gene, based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). A set of four primers was designed using the sequence of cry1Ac along with optimized reaction conditions: 5.25?mM of Mg(2+), 4:1 ratio of inner primer to outer primer, 2.0?U of Bst DNA polymerase in a reaction volume of 25.0??L. Three post-LAMP detection methods (precipitation, calcein (0.60?mM) with Mn(2+) (0.05?mM) complex and SYBR Green I visualization), were shown to be effective. The sensitivity of the LAMP method was tenfold higher than that of conventional PCR when using templates of the recombinant cry1Ac plasmid or genomic DNA from cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane plants. More importantly, this system allowed detection of the foreign gene on-site when screening GM sugarcane without complex and expensive instruments, using the naked eye. This method can not only provide technological support for detection of cry1Ac, but can also further facilitate the use of this detection technique for other transgenes in GM sugarcane. PMID:24810230

Zhou, Dinggang; Guo, Jinlong; Xu, Liping; Gao, Shiwu; Lin, Qingliang; Wu, Qibin; Wu, Luguang; Que, Youxiong

2014-01-01

217

Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by using loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick in clinical samples.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and is a persistent problem in the developing countries. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) allows DNA to be amplified rapidly at a constant temperature. Here, a LAMP method was combined with a chromatographic lateral-flow dipstick (LFD) to detect IS6110 gene of M. tuberculosis specifically and rapidly. The reaction was optimized at 63°C for 60?min, and the amplified DNA hybridized to an FITC-labeled oligonucleotide probe for 5?min was detected at the LFD test line 5?min after application. Excluding the step of DNA extraction, the test results could be generated approximately within 1?h. In addition to the advantage of short assay time, this technique could avoid the contact of carcinogenic ethidium bromide due to the exclusion of the electrophoresis analysis step. Furthermore, the data indicated that LAMP-LFD could detect M. tuberculosis genomic DNA as little as 5?pg. The technique showed a significant specificity since no cross-hybridization to M. intracellulare (MIC), M. fortuitum (MFT), M. avium (MAV), M. kansasii (MKS), and M. gordonae (MGD) genomic DNAs was observed. In the clinical unknown samples test, the sensitivity of LAMP-LFD was 98.92 ? % and the specificity was 100 ? % compared to those of the standard culture assay. Based on its sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, low cost, and convenience, LAMP-LFD could be applicable for use in both laboratories and epidemiological surveys of MTB. PMID:23555102

Kaewphinit, Thongchai; Arunrut, Narong; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika; Santiwatanakul, Somchai; Jaratsing, Pornpun; Chansiri, Kosum

2013-01-01

218

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of cyprinid herpesvirus 2 in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio).  

PubMed

A rapid and sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) detection in gibel carp was developed. Following cloning and sequencing of the putative DNA helicase gene of CyHV-2 isolate from China, a set of four specific primers was designed based on the sequence. The MgCl2 concentration and the reaction temperature were optimized to 6?mM, 64°C, respectively. LAMP products were detected by visual inspection of a color change due to addition of SYBR Green I stain. The specificity and sensitivity of the LAMP assay were determined. No cross-reaction was observed with other fish DNA viruses including eel herpesvirus, koi herpesvirus, and Chinese giant salamander iridovirus. The LAMP assay was found to be equally sensitive as nested PCR. A comparative evaluation of 10 fish samples using LAMP and nested PCR assays showed an overall correlation in positive and negative results for CyHV-2. These results indicate that the LAMP assay is simple, sensitive, and specific and has a great potential use for CyHV-2 detection in the laboratory and field. PMID:24574914

Zhang, Hui; Zeng, Lingbing; Fan, Yuding; Zhou, Yong; Xu, Jin; Ma, Jie

2014-01-01

219

Specific detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in the snail Achatina fulica using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay.  

PubMed

Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a rat lungworm, can cause eosinophilic meningitis and angiostrongyliasis in humans following ingestion of contaminated foods or intermediate/paratenic hosts with infective larvae. The snail Achatina fulica is one of the important intermediate hosts of A. cantonensis and is commonly eaten by humans in some countries. In the present study, we developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the specific detection of A. cantonensis in Ac. fulica. Primers for LAMP were designed based on the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of A. cantonensis. Specificity tests showed that only the products of A. cantonensis were detected when DNA samples of A. cantonensis and the heterologous control samples Anisakis simplex s.s, Trichuris trichiura, Toxocara canis, Trichinella spiralis and Ascaris lumbricoides were amplified by LAMP. Sensitivity evaluation indicated that the LAMP assay is 10 times more sensitive than the conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. The established LAMP assay is rapid, inexpensive and easy to be performed. It can be used in clinical applications for rapid and sensitive detection of A. cantonensis in snails, which has implications for the effective control of angiostrongyliasis. PMID:21515360

Liu, Chun-Yan; Song, Hui-Qun; Zhang, Ren-Li; Chen, Mu-Xin; Xu, Min-Jun; Ai, Lin; Chen, Xiao-Guang; Zhan, Xi-Mei; Liang, Shao-Hui; Yuan, Zi-Guo; Lin, Rui-Qing; Zhu, Xing-Quan

2011-08-01

220

Detection of Trypanosoma cruzi and T. rangeli Infections from Rhodnius pallescens Bugs by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP)  

PubMed Central

We have developed two loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for specific detection of Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli based on the 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and the small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) genes, respectively. The detection limit of the assays is 100 fg and 1 pg for T. cruzi and T. rangeli, respectively, with reactions conducted in 60 minutes. The two LAMP assays were used in detection of T. cruzi and T. rangeli infections in comparison with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for DNA samples extracted from Rhodnius pallescens bugs collected from palm trees in Panama. Out of a total of 52 DNA samples from R. pallescens bugs 17 (33%) and 14 (27%) were T. cruzi-positive by LAMP and PCR, respectively, while, 7 (13%) and 4 (8%) were T. rangeli-positive by LAMP and PCR, respectively. Further evaluation of these LAMP assays is needed, especially with specimens collected from human patients as well as blood kept for transfusion purposes. PMID:20439966

Thekisoe, Oriel M. M.; Rodriguez, Carol V.; Rivas, Francisco; Coronel-Servian, Andrea M.; Fukumoto, Shinya; Sugimoto, Chihiro; Kawazu, Shin-Ichiro; Inoue, Noboru

2010-01-01

221

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid, sensitive and specific detection of a Campylobacter jejuni clone.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay is a simple, rapid and specific detection method and has been used for detection and identification of different Campylobacter species. In this study, we develop a LAMP assay specific for detection of a particular clone (clone SA) of Campylobacter jejuni, associated with the vast majority of recent sheep abortions in the U.S. Using a set of specific primers for C. jejuni IA3902 (a clone SA isolate) and genomic DNA or boiled cell extract as template, the target DNA was amplified at 63 °C for 50 min in a water bath. A positive reaction was identified visually as white precipitate or fluorescence under UV, and confirmed by gel electrophoresis. Detection limit of the assay was comparable to that of conventional PCR. The LAMP was shown to be specific for detection of clone SA when tested on a number of C. jejuni strains of different genetic backgrounds. Applicability of the LAMP assay for specific detection of clone SA was demonstrated in animal tissues experimentally infected with IA3902 or genetically diverse C. jejuni strains. Since clone SA is the predominant cause of sheep abortions in the U.S. and is a zoonotic pathogen, the LAMP assay may be a valuable detection tool in future epidemiological studies. PMID:22188995

Luo, Yan; Sahin, Orhan; Dai, Lei; Sippy, Rachel; Wu, Zuowei; Zhang, Qijing

2012-05-01

222

Establishment and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system for detection of cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane  

PubMed Central

To meet the demand for detection of foreign genes in genetically modified (GM) sugarcane necessary for regulation of gene technology, an efficient method with high specificity and rapidity was developed for the cry1Ac gene, based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). A set of four primers was designed using the sequence of cry1Ac along with optimized reaction conditions: 5.25?mM of Mg2+, 4:1 ratio of inner primer to outer primer, 2.0?U of Bst DNA polymerase in a reaction volume of 25.0??L. Three post-LAMP detection methods (precipitation, calcein (0.60?mM) with Mn2+ (0.05?mM) complex and SYBR Green I visualization), were shown to be effective. The sensitivity of the LAMP method was tenfold higher than that of conventional PCR when using templates of the recombinant cry1Ac plasmid or genomic DNA from cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane plants. More importantly, this system allowed detection of the foreign gene on-site when screening GM sugarcane without complex and expensive instruments, using the naked eye. This method can not only provide technological support for detection of cry1Ac, but can also further facilitate the use of this detection technique for other transgenes in GM sugarcane. PMID:24810230

Zhou, Dinggang; Guo, Jinlong; Xu, Liping; Gao, Shiwu; Lin, Qingliang; Wu, Qibin; Wu, Luguang; Que, Youxiong

2014-01-01

223

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for the species-specific detection of Eimeria that infect chickens  

PubMed Central

Background Eimeria parasites can cause the disease coccidiosis in poultry and even subclinical infection can incur economic loss. Diagnosis of infection predominantly relies on traditional techniques including lesion scoring and faecal microscopy despite the availability of sensitive molecular assays, largely due to cost and the requirement for specialist equipment. Despite longstanding proven efficacy these traditional techniques demand time and expertise, can be highly subjective and may under-diagnose subclinical disease. Recognition of the tight economic margins prevailing in modern poultry production and the impact of avian coccidiosis on poverty in many parts of the world has highlighted a requirement for a panel of straightforward and sensitive, but cost-effective, Eimeria species-specific diagnostic assays. Results Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an uncomplicated, quick and relatively inexpensive diagnostic tool. In this study we have developed a panel of species-specific LAMP assays targeting the seven Eimeria species that infect the chicken. Each assay has been shown to be genuinely species-specific with the capacity to detect between one and ten eimerian genomes, equivalent to less than a single mature schizont. Development of a simple protocol for template DNA preparation from tissue collected post mortem with no requirement for specialist laboratory equipment supports the use of these assays in routine diagnosis of eimerian infection. Preliminary field testing supports this hypothesis. Conclusions Development of a panel of sensitive species-specific LAMP assays introduces a valuable new cost-effective tool for use in poultry husbandry. PMID:22053893

2011-01-01

224

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assays for the Species-specific Detection of Eimeria that Infect Chickens.  

PubMed

Eimeria species parasites, protozoa which cause the enteric disease coccidiosis, pose a serious threat to the production and welfare of chickens. In the absence of effective control clinical coccidiosis can be devastating. Resistance to the chemoprophylactics frequently used to control Eimeria is common and sub-clinical infection is widespread, influencing feed conversion ratios and susceptibility to other pathogens such as Clostridium perfringens. Despite the availability of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based tools, diagnosis of Eimeria infection still relies almost entirely on traditional approaches such as lesion scoring and oocyst morphology, but neither is straightforward. Limitations of the existing molecular tools include the requirement for specialist equipment and difficulties accessing DNA as template. In response a simple field DNA preparation protocol and a panel of species-specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays have been developed for the seven Eimeria recognised to infect the chicken. We now provide a detailed protocol describing the preparation of genomic DNA from intestinal tissue collected post-mortem, followed by setup and readout of the LAMP assays. Eimeria species-specific LAMP can be used to monitor parasite occurrence, assessing the efficacy of a farm's anticoccidial strategy, and to diagnose sub-clinical infection or clinical disease with particular value when expert surveillance is unavailable. PMID:25741643

Barkway, Christopher P; Pocock, Rebecca L; Vrba, Vladimir; Blake, Damer P

2015-01-01

225

Development of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for Rapid and Sensitive Identification of Ostrich Meat  

PubMed Central

Animal species identification is one of the primary duties of official food control. Since ostrich meat is difficult to be differentiated macroscopically from beef, therefore new analytical methods are needed. To enforce labeling regulations for the authentication of ostrich meat, it might be of importance to develop and evaluate a rapid and reliable assay. In the present study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay based on the cytochrome b gene of the mitochondrial DNA of the species Struthio camelus was developed. The LAMP assay was used in combination with a real-time fluorometer. The developed system allowed the detection of 0.01% ostrich meat products. In parallel, a direct swab method without nucleic acid extraction using the HYPLEX LPTV buffer was also evaluated. This rapid processing method allowed detection of ostrich meat without major incubation steps. In summary, the LAMP assay had excellent sensitivity and specificity for detecting ostrich meat and could provide a sampling-to-result identification-time of 15 to 20 minutes. PMID:24963709

Abdulmawjood, Amir; Grabowski, Nils; Fohler, Svenja; Kittler, Sophie; Nagengast, Helga; Klein, Guenter

2014-01-01

226

Microfluidic lab-on-a-foil for nucleic acid analysis based on isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA).  

PubMed

For the first time we demonstrate a self-sufficient lab-on-a-foil system for the fully automated analysis of nucleic acids which is based on the recently available isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). The system consists of a novel, foil-based centrifugal microfluidic cartridge including prestored liquid and dry reagents, and a commercially available centrifugal analyzer for incubation at 37 degrees C and real-time fluorescence detection. The system was characterized with an assay for the detection of the antibiotic resistance gene mecA of Staphylococcus aureus. The limit of detection was <10 copies and time-to-result was <20 min. Microfluidic unit operations comprise storage and release of liquid reagents, reconstitution of lyophilized reagents, aliquoting the sample into < or = 30 independent reaction cavities, and mixing of reagents with the DNA samples. The foil-based cartridge was produced by blow-molding and sealed with a self-adhesive tape. The demonstrated system excels existing PCR based lab-on-a-chip platforms in terms of energy efficiency and time-to-result. Applications are suggested in the field of mobile point-of-care analysis, B-detection, or in combination with continuous monitoring systems. PMID:20300675

Lutz, Sascha; Weber, Patrick; Focke, Max; Faltin, Bernd; Hoffmann, Jochen; Müller, Claas; Mark, Daniel; Roth, Günter; Munday, Peter; Armes, Niall; Piepenburg, Olaf; Zengerle, Roland; von Stetten, Felix

2010-04-01

227

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for the rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of the O9 group of Salmonella in chickens  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to amplify the fragments of the O9 Salmonella-specific insertion element and evaluated in the laboratory for its potential use in a field situation, such as poultry farms. Among the bacteria tested, a positive reaction was observed only for 128 strains of 6 serovars of the O9 group Salmonella,

Masashi Okamura; Yousuke Ohba; Shuichi Kikuchi; Akiko Suzuki; Hajime Tachizaki; Kazuaki Takehara; Masanari Ikedo; Tadashi Kojima; Masayuki Nakamura

2008-01-01

228

Optimisation of reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Macrobrachium rosenbergii noda virus and extra small virus in Macrobrachium rosenbergii  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standardisation and optimisation of a one step single tube reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) procedure is described for rapid diagnosis of white tail disease, a viral disease caused by Macrobrachium rosenbergii noda virus (MrNV) and extra small virus (XSV), in giant fresh water prawn, M. rosenbergii. Time, temperature and quantity of each reagent were optimised for the detection

Divya V. Haridas; Devika Pillai; B. Manojkumar; C. Mohanakumaran Nair; P. M. Sherief

2010-01-01

229

Development and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method on rapid detection Escherichia coli O157 strains from food samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed and evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid\\u000a detection of the food-borne Escherichia coli O157 strains. Six primers, including outer primers, inner primers and loop primers, were specially designed for recognizing\\u000a eight distinct sequences on three targets, which were rfbE, stx1 and stx2. The detection limits were found to be 100,

Xihong Zhao; Yanmei Li; Li Wang; Lijun You; Zhenbo Xu; Lin Li; Xiaowei He; Yao Liu; Jihua Wang; Liansheng Yang

2010-01-01

230

Rapid diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in lung cancer with loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay using carcinoembryonic antigen–mRNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the clinical utility of our novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay developed as a rapid molecular diagnostic method, using carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)–mRNA as a marker for detecting tumor cells in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated the sensitivity of our LAMP technique using a known quantity of synthesized standard CEA–mRNA. On the basis of those

Jun Maeda; Masayoshi Inoue; Kadzuki Nakabayashi; Yasuhiro Otomo; Yasushi Shintani; Mitsunori Ohta; Meinoshin Okumura; Nariaki Matsuura

2009-01-01

231

Evaluation of a real-time PCR and a loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni in plant tissue samples.  

PubMed

Operational capacity of real-time PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) diagnostic assays for detection of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni was established in a ring-test involving four laboratories. Symptomatic and healthy almond leaf samples with two methods of sample preparation were analyzed. Kappa coefficient, sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios and post-test probability of detection were estimated to manage the risk associated with the use of the two methods. PMID:25769438

Palacio-Bielsa, Ana; López-Soriano, Pablo; Bühlmann, Andreas; van Doorn, Joop; Pham, Khanh; Cambra, Miguel A; Berruete, Isabel M; Pothier, Joël F; Duffy, Brion; Olmos, Antonio; López, María M

2015-05-01

232

Real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification for the CaMV-35S promoter as a screening method for genetically modified organisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method has been developed to detect genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The detection method is based on the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction. Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (CaMV-35S) promoter gene, a widespread genetic element, was amplified by a set of LAMP primers. One of the characteristics of the LAMP method is its ability to synthesize an extremely large amount of

Shiro Fukuta; Yuko Mizukami; Akira Ishida; Junichi Ueda; Mayumi Hasegawa; Izumi Hayashi; Minako Hashimoto; Michio Kanbe

2004-01-01

233

A lab-on-a-chip system with integrated sample preparation and loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid and quantitative detection of Salmonella spp. in food samples.  

PubMed

Foodborne disease is a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonellosis, an infectious disease caused by Salmonella spp., is one of the most common foodborne diseases. Isolation and identification of Salmonella by conventional bacterial culture or molecular-based methods are time consuming and usually take a few hours to days to complete. In response to the demand for rapid on line or on site detection of pathogens, in this study, we describe for the first time an eight-chamber lab-on-a-chip (LOC) system with integrated magnetic bead-based sample preparation and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for rapid and quantitative detection of Salmonella spp. in food samples. The whole diagnostic procedures including DNA isolation, isothermal amplification, and real-time detection were accomplished in a single chamber. Up to eight samples could be handled simultaneously and the system was capable to detect Salmonella at concentration of 50 cells per test within 40 min. The simple design, together with high level of integration, isothermal amplification, and quantitative analysis of multiple samples in short time, will greatly enhance the practical applicability of the LOC system for rapid on-site screening of Salmonella for applications in food safety control, environmental surveillance, and clinical diagnostics. PMID:25715949

Sun, Yi; Quyen, Than Linh; Hung, Tran Quang; Chin, Wai Hoe; Wolff, Anders; Bang, Dang Duong

2015-03-31

234

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for 16S rRNA methylase genes in Gram-negative bacteria.  

PubMed

Using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, we developed a rapid assay for detection of 16S rRNA methylase genes (rmtA, rmtB, and armA), and investigated 16S rRNA methylase-producing strains among clinical isolates. Primer Explorer V3 software was used to design the LAMP primers. LAMP primers were prepared for each gene, including two outer primers (F3 and B3), two inner primers (FIP and BIP), and two loop primers (LF and LB). Detection was performed with the Loopamp DNA amplification kit. For all three genes (rmtA, rmtB, and armA), 10(2) copies/tube could be detected with a reaction time of 60 min. When nine bacterial species (65 strains saved in National Institute of Infectious Diseases) were tested, which had been confirmed to possess rmtA, rmtB, or armA by PCR and DNA sequencing, the genes were detected correctly in these bacteria with no false negative or false positive results. Among 8447 clinical isolates isolated at 36 medical institutions, the LAMP method was conducted for 191 strains that were resistant to aminoglycosides based on the results of antimicrobial susceptibility tests. Eight strains were found to produce 16S rRNA methylase (0.09%), with rmtB being identified in three strains (0.06%) of 4929 isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, rmtA in three strains (0.10%) of 3284 isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and armA in two strains (0.85%) of 234 isolates of Acinetobacter spp. At present, the incidence of strains possessing 16S rRNA methylase genes is very low in Japan. However, when Gram-negative bacteria showing high resistance to aminoglycosides are isolated by clinical laboratories, it seems very important to investigate the status of 16S rRNA methylase gene-harboring bacilli and monitor their trends among Japanese clinical settings. PMID:25179393

Nagasawa, Mitsuaki; Kaku, Mitsuo; Kamachi, Kazunari; Shibayama, Keigo; Arakawa, Yoshichika; Yamaguchi, Keizo; Ishii, Yoshikazu

2014-10-01

235

A rapid amplification/detection assay for analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis using an isothermal and silicon bio-photonic sensor complex.  

PubMed

Global tuberculosis (TB) control is hampered by cost and slow or insensitive diagnostic methods to be used for TB diagnosis in clinic. Thus, TB still remains a major global health problem. The failure to rapidly and accurately diagnose of TB has posed significant challenges with consequent secondary resistance and ongoing transmission. We developed a rapid Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) amplification/detection method, called MTB isothermal solid-phase amplification/detection (MTB-ISAD), that couples isothermal solid-phase amplification and a silicon biophotonics-based detection sensor to allow the simultaneous amplification and detection of MTB in a label-free and real-time manner. We validated the clinical utility of the MTB-ISAD assay by detecting MTB nucleic acid in sputum samples from 42 patients. We showed the ability of the MTB-ISAD assay to detect MTB in 42 clinical specimens, confirming that the MTB-ISAD assay is fast (<20min), highly sensitive, accurate (>90%, 38/42), and cost-effective because it is a label-free method and does not involve thermal cycling. The MTB-ISAD assay has improved time-efficiency, affordability, and sensitivity compared with many existing methods. Therefore, it is potentially adaptable for better diagnosis across various clinical applications. PMID:25615836

Shin, Yong; Perera, Agampodi Promoda; Tang, Wen Ying; Fu, Dong Liang; Liu, Qing; Sheng, Jack Kee; Gu, Zhonghua; Lee, Tae Yoon; Barkham, Timothy; Kyoung Park, Mi

2015-06-15

236

Development of simple, rapid and sensitive detection assay for grouper nervous necrosis virus using real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

A quantitative rapid detection method based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification has been developed for red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV). The nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay is the mainstream inspection of the brooder in the hatchery. In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method has been applied for RGNNV detection, known as a high-speed gene amplification procedure. Of the three temperatures (60 °C, 63 °C and 65 °C) attempted, it has been found that 63 °C is giving higher amplification from 11th minute onwards. Sensitivity analysis performed in comparison with real-time polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase PCR and nested RT-PCR using various concentrations of template revealed that real-time LAMP method is efficient in terms of cost and time consumption. Specificity analysis revealed that the method developed is specific to RGNNV, whereas it has sequence cross-match with tiger puffer NNV giving advantage in detecting both the viruses. This method could be much efficient in analysing RGNNV in combination with TPNNV. PMID:25073724

Mekata, T; Satoh, J; Inada, M; Dinesh, S; Harsha, P; Itami, T; Sudhakaran, R

2014-07-30

237

Performance of reversed transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification technique detecting EV71: a systematic review with meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major etiological agent of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), which is a common infectious disease in young children. Studies in the past have shown that reversed transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) was a rapid approach for the detection of EV71 in HFMD. This meta-analysis study is to evaluate the diagnostic role of RT-LAMP in detecting EV71 infection. A comprehensive literature research of PubMed, Embase, Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted on articles aiming at the diagnostic performance of RT-LAMP in EV71 detection published before February 10, 2014. Data from selected studies were pooled to yield the summary sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio (PLR, NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve by using STATA VERSION 12.0 software. Ten studies including a total of 907 clinical samples were of high quality in this meta-analysis. Overall, the pooled sensitivity, specificity, PLR, NLR, DOR, and the area under the SROC curve was 0.99 (0.97, 1.00), 0.97 (0.94, 1.00), 5.90 (95% CI: 3.90-8.94), 0.20 (95% CI: 0.14-0.29), and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.99-1.00), respectively. The univariate analysis of potential variables showed some changes in the diagnostic performance, but none of the differences reached statistical significance. Despite inter-study variability, the test performance of RT-LAMP was consistent with real-time RT-PCR in detecting EV71. This meta-analysis suggests that RT-LAMP is a useful diagnostic tool with high sensitivity and specificity for detecting EV71. PMID:24815384

Lei, Xiaoying; Wen, Hongling; Zhao, Li; Yu, Xuejie

2014-04-01

238

Clinical Evaluation of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for Rapid Detection of Neisseria meningitidis in Cerebrospinal Fluid  

PubMed Central

Background Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) is a leading causative agent of bacterial meningitis in humans. Traditionally, meningococcal meningitis has been diagnosed by bacterial culture. However, isolation of bacteria from patients’ cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is time consuming and sometimes yields negative results. Recently, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic methods of detecting Nm have been considered the gold standard because of their superior sensitivity and specificity compared with culture. In this study, we developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method and evaluated its ability to detect Nm in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Methodology/Principal Findings We developed a meningococcal LAMP assay (Nm LAMP) that targets the ctrA gene. The primer specificity was validated using 16 strains of N. meningitidis (serogroup A, B, C, D, 29-E, W-135, X, Y, and Z) and 19 non-N. meningitidis species. Within 60 min, the Nm LAMP detected down to ten copies per reaction with sensitivity 1000-fold more than that of conventional PCR. The LAMP assays were evaluated using a set of 1574 randomly selected CSF specimens from children with suspected meningitis collected between 1998 and 2002 in Vietnam, China, and Korea. The LAMP method was shown to be more sensitive than PCR methods for CSF samples (31 CSF samples were positive by LAMP vs. 25 by PCR). The detection rate of the LAMP method was substantially higher than that of the PCR method. In a comparative analysis of the PCR and LAMP assays, the clinical sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the LAMP assay were 100%, 99.6%, 80.6%, and 100%, respectively. Conclusions/Significance Compared to PCR, LAMP detected Nm with higher analytical and clinical sensitivity. This sensitive and specific LAMP method offers significant advantages for screening patients on a population basis and for diagnosis in clinical settings. PMID:25853422

Kilgore, Paul E.; Kim, Soon Ae; Takahashi, Hideyuki; Ohnishi, Makoto; Anh, Dang Duc; Dong, Bai Qing; Kim, Jung Soo; Tomono, Jun; Miyamoto, Shigehiko; Notomi, Tsugunori; Kim, Dong Wook; Seki, Mitsuko

2015-01-01

239

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Diagnosis of Malaria Infections in an Area of Endemicity in Thailand  

PubMed Central

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, developed by our group for diagnosis of four human malaria parasites, was evaluated on a large scale at a remote clinic in Thailand where malaria is endemic. A total of 899 febrile patients were analyzed in this study. LAMP was first evaluated in 219 patients, and the result was compared to those of two histidine-rich protein (HRP)-2 rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and microscopy as a gold standard. LAMP DNA extraction was conducted by a simple boiling method, and the test results were assessed visually. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were 95.7%, 100%, 100%, and 98%, respectively, for LAMP and 98.6%, 98%, 95.8%, and 99.3%, respectively, for RDTs. Since RDT-positive results were based on one out of two RDTs, the sensitivity of RDTs was slightly higher than that of LAMP. However, LAMP tended to be more specific than RDTs. LAMP next was evaluated in 680 patients, and the result was compared to that of microscopy as a gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and diagnostic accuracy of LAMP were 88.9%, 96.9%, 92.2%, 95.5%, and 94.6%, respectively. Nested PCR was used to confirm the discrepant results. Malaria LAMP in a remote clinic in Thailand achieved an acceptable result, indicating that LAMP malaria diagnosis is feasible in a field setting with limited technical resources. Additionally, the rapid boiling method for extracting DNA from dried blood spots proved to be simple, fast, and suitable for use in the field. PMID:24574279

Sattabongkot, Jetsumon; Tsuboi, Takafumi; Han, Eun-Taek; Bantuchai, Sirasate

2014-01-01

240

The development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification targeting alpha-tubulin DNA for the rapid detection of Plasmodium vivax  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria that is caused by Plasmodium vivax is the most widely distributed human malaria. Its recent resurgence in many parts of the world, including the Republic of Korea (ROK), emphasizes the importance of improved access to the early and accurate detection of P. vivax to reduce disease burden. In this study, a rapid and efficient loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based method was developed and validated using blood samples from malaria-suspected patients. Method A LAMP assay targeting the ?-tubulin gene for the detection of P. vivax was developed with six primers that recognize different regions of the target gene. The diagnostic performance of the ?-tubulin LAMP assay was compared to three other tests: microscopic examinations, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), and nested polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) using 177 whole blood specimens obtained from ROK military personnel from May to December 2011. Results The ?-tubulin LAMP assay was highly sensitive with a detection limit of 100 copies of P. vivax ?-tubulin gene per reaction within 50 min. It specifically amplified the target gene only from P. vivax. Validation of the ?-tubulin LAMP assay showed that the assay had the highest sensitivity (P?

2014-01-01

241

A closed-tube detection of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) products using a wax-sealed fluorescent intercalator.  

PubMed

LAMP is an isothermal amplification method that can achieve ultra-high sensitivity and specificity. However, the conventional detection of LAMP amplicons can lead to cross-contamination due to the need to open the reaction tube which contains a large number of amplicons. To achieve closed-tube LAMP detection, we have developed a method that separates a solution of SYBR Green I (SGI) from the LAMP reagents using temperature-sensitive wax. The SGI is sealed in the bottom of the tube so not to interfere with the LAMP reaction, but is released into the mixture after the completion of the reaction by melting the wax. To enable the analysis of the closed-tube LAMP samples automatically, an instrument based on this new method was constructed. The background measurement of the LAMP due to primer dimers was significantly reduced by detecting the amplicons at 75 degrees C. HBV and 2009 H1N1 virus were successfully analyzed by the LAMP assay using tubes containing wax-sealed SGI and the prototype instrument, indicating that the method has the advantage of easy set-up (no extra components need to be added into the LAMP mixture for detection), high sensitivity (fluorescent intercalator), low background (detected at 75 degrees C) and no cross-contamination (closed-tube). Therefore, the novel LAMP detection, coupled with the instrument has the potential to be a diagnostic tool for a number of clinical applications in hospitals as well as on-site screening of pathogenic agents. PMID:23862439

Liang, Chao; Cheng, Sijia; Chu, Yanan; Wu, Haiping; Zou, Binjie; Huang, Huan; Xi, Tao; Zhou, Guohua

2013-06-01

242

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of Penicillium nordicum in dry-cured meat products.  

PubMed

The need of powerful diagnostic tools for rapid, simple, and cost-effective detection of food-borne fungi has become very important in the area of food safety. Currently, several isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods have been developed as an alternative to PCR-based analyses. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is one of these innovative methods; it requires neither gel electrophoresis to separate and visualize the products nor expensive laboratory equipment and it has been applied already for detection of pathogenic organisms. In the current study, we developed a LAMP assay for the specific detection of Penicillium nordicum, the major causative agent of ochratoxin A contamination in protein-rich food, especially dry-cured meat products. The assay was based on targeting otapksPN gene, a key gene in the biosynthesis of ochratoxin A (OTA) in P. nordicum. Amplification of DNA during the reaction was detected directly in-tube by color transition of hydroxynaphthol blue from violet to sky blue, visible to the naked eye, avoiding further post amplification analyses. Only DNAs isolated from several P. nordicum strains led to positive results and no amplification was observed from non-target OTA and non OTA-producing strains. The assay was able to detect down to 100fg of purified targeted genomic DNA or 10(2) conidia/reaction within 60min. The LAMP assay for detection and identification of P. nordicum was combined with a rapid DNA extraction method set up on serially diluted conidia, providing an alternative rapid, specific and sensitive DNA-based method suitable for application directly "on-site", notably in key steps of dry-cured meat production. PMID:25771218

Ferrara, M; Perrone, G; Gallo, A; Epifani, F; Visconti, A; Susca, A

2015-06-01

243

Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays based on ITS-1 for rapid detection of Toxoplasma gondii in pork.  

PubMed

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay is a novel method that rapidly amplifies DNA with high specificity and sensitivity under isothermal conditions. In this study, we established a LAMP assay with six primers targeting a highly conserved region of Toxoplasma gondii ITS-1 sequence. The amplification protocol completes within 30min under isothermal condition in a 65°C water bath while specificity tests confirmed no cross-reactivity with DNA templates of Neospora caninum, Eimeria tenella, Cryptosporidium parvum, Listeria monocytogenes and Streptococcus suis. The detection limit of the LAMP assay was 0.9fg T. gondii genomic DNA, a sensitivity that was 10-fold higher than that of a conventional PCR assay. Both LAMP assay and conventional PCR were applied to detect T. gondii genomic DNA in 118 diaphragm samples obtained from pig farms in Zhejiang Province, China. Our results showed that the LAMP assay is more sensitive than conventional PCR (13.56% and 9.32%). The LAMP assay established in this study provides a simple, specific, sensitive and rapid method of T. gondii genomic DNA detection, hence is expected to plays an important role in the monitoring of T. gondii contamination in various food products. PMID:25624074

Zhuo, Xunhui; Huang, Bin; Luo, Jiaqing; Yu, Haijie; Yan, Baolong; Yang, Yi; Du, Aifang

2015-03-15

244

Toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction triggered isothermal DNA amplification for highly sensitive and selective fluorescent detection of single-base mutation.  

PubMed

Highly sensitive and selective detection strategy for single-base mutations is essential for risk assessment of malignancy and disease prognosis. In this work, a fluorescent detection method for single-base mutation was proposed based on high selectivity of toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction (TSDR) and powerful signal amplification capability of isothermal DNA amplification. A discrimination probe was specially designed with a stem-loop structure and an overhanging toehold domain. Hybridization between the toehold domain and the perfect matched target initiated the TSDR along with the unfolding of the discrimination probe. Subsequently, the target sequence acted as a primer to initiate the polymerization and nicking reactions, which released a great abundant of short sequences. Finally, the released strands were annealed with the reporter probe, launching another polymerization and nicking reaction to produce lots of G-quadruplex DNA, which could bind the N-methyl mesoporphyrin IX to yield an enhanced fluorescence response. However, when there was even a single base mismatch in the target DNA, the TSDR was suppressed and so subsequent isothermal DNA amplification and fluorescence response process could not occur. The proposed approach has been successfully implemented for the identification of the single-base mutant sequences in the human KRAS gene with a detection limit of 1.8 pM. Furthermore, a recovery of 90% was obtained when detecting the target sequence in spiked HeLa cells lysate, demonstrating the feasibility of this detection strategy for single-base mutations in biological samples. PMID:24742973

Zhu, Jing; Ding, Yongshun; Liu, Xingti; Wang, Lei; Jiang, Wei

2014-09-15

245

Real-Time Sequence-Validated Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Detection of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)  

PubMed Central

The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), an emerging human coronavirus, causes severe acute respiratory illness with a 35% mortality rate. In light of the recent surge in reported infections we have developed asymmetric five-primer reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays for detection of MERS-CoV. Isothermal amplification assays will facilitate the development of portable point-of-care diagnostics that are crucial for management of emerging infections. The RT-LAMP assays are designed to amplify MERS-CoV genomic loci located within the open reading frame (ORF)1a and ORF1b genes and upstream of the E gene. Additionally we applied one-step strand displacement probes (OSD) for real-time sequence-specific verification of LAMP amplicons. Asymmetric amplification effected by incorporating a single loop primer in each assay accelerated the time-to-result of the OSD-RT-LAMP assays. The resulting assays could detect 0.02 to 0.2 plaque forming units (PFU) (5 to 50 PFU/ml) of MERS-CoV in infected cell culture supernatants within 30 to 50 min and did not cross-react with common human respiratory pathogens. PMID:25856093

Bhadra, Sanchita; Jiang, Yu Sherry; Kumar, Mia R.; Johnson, Reed F.; Hensley, Lisa E.; Ellington, Andrew D.

2015-01-01

246

[Rapid detection of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus isolated in China by a reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay combined with a lateral flow dipstick method].  

PubMed

White coloration of the muscle of the giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is a serious problem in China. The Macrobrachium rosenbergii Nodavirus (MrNV) has been confirmed to be the pathogen that causes this disorder. To develop a rapid, sensitive and specific technology for the detection of Macrobrachium rosenbergii Nodavirus isolated from China (MrNV-China), a reverse-transcription loop- mediated isothermal amplification assay combined with a lateral flow dipstick (RT-LAMP-LFD) assay method is described. A set of four primers and a labeled probe were designed specifically to recognize six distinct regions of the MrNV RNA2 gene. Results showed the sensitivity of the RT-LAMP-LFD assay was ten-times higher than the reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RT-LAMP) with agarose gel electrophoresis. The assay was conducted with one-step amplification at 61°C in a single tube within 45 min. No product was generated from shrimps infected with other viruses, including DNA viruses (infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV); white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)) and RNA viruses (Taura syndrome virus (TSV); infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV); yellow head virus (YHV)). Results were visualized by the LFD method. Therefore, the described rapid and sensitive assay is potentially useful for MrNV detection. PMID:25562958

Lin, Feng; Liu, Li; Hao, Gui-Jie; Cao, Zheng; Sheng, Peng-Cheng; Wu, Ying-Lei; Shen, Jin-Yu

2014-09-01

247

Development of a reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the sensitive detection of Leishmania parasites in clinical samples.  

PubMed

Here we describe a generic, reverse transcriptase-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay, for the identification of Leishmania species from clinical samples. LAMP is an isothermal reaction recently developed as a point-of-care diagnostic tool. Primers were designed in the conserved region of the 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene; amplification was visualized by the pre-amplification addition of fluorescent detection reagent (FDR) and a simple UV lamp. By using a reverse-transcriptase step, the system detected infections between 10 and 100 parasites per mL. The assay was tested on a range of nucleic acid extracts from Leishmania species, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients from Sudan, and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) patients from Suriname. The sensitivity of RT-LAMP from the blood of VL patients was 83% (N = 30) compared with microscopy of bone-marrow and lymph-node aspirates; for CL patients the observed sensitivity was 98% (N = 43). The potential to use LAMP as a diagnostic tool for leishmaniasis is discussed. PMID:20348505

Adams, Emily R; Schoone, Gerard J; Ageed, Al Farazdag; Safi, Sayda El; Schallig, Henk D F H

2010-04-01

248

Evaluation of the Loop Mediated Isothermal DNA Amplification (LAMP) Kit for Malaria Diagnosis in P. vivax Endemic Settings of Colombia  

PubMed Central

Background Most commonly used malaria diagnostic tests, including microscopy and antigen-detecting rapid tests, cannot reliably detect low-density infections which are frequent in low transmission settings. Molecular methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are highly sensitive but remain too laborious for field deployment. In this study, the applicability of a malaria diagnosis kit based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (mLAMP) was assessed in malaria endemic areas of Colombia with Plasmodium vivax predominance. Methodology/Principal Findings First, a passive case detection (PCD) study on 278 febrile patients recruited in Tierralta (department of Cordoba) was conducted to assess the diagnostic performance of the mLAMP method. Second, an active case detection (ACD) study on 980 volunteers was conducted in 10 sentinel sites with different epidemiological profiles. Whole blood samples were processed for microscopic and mLAMP diagnosis. Additionally RT-PCR and nested RT-PCR were used as reference tests. In the PCD study, P. falciparum accounted for 23.9% and P. vivax for 76.1% of the infections and no cases of mixed-infections were identified. Microscopy sensitivity for P. falciparum and P. vivax were 100% and 86.1%, respectively. mLAMP sensitivity for P. falciparum and P. vivax was 100% and 91.4%, respectively. In the ACD study, mLAMP detected 65 times more cases than microscopy. A high proportion (98.0%) of the infections detected by mLAMP was from volunteers without symptoms. Conclusions/Significance mLAMP sensitivity and specificity were comparable to RT-PCR. LAMP was significantly superior to microscopy and in P. vivax low-endemicity settings and under minimum infrastructure conditions, it displayed sensitivity and specificity similar to that of single-well RT-PCR for detection of both P. falciparum and P. vivax infections. Here, the dramatically increased detection of asymptomatic malaria infections by mLAMP demonstrates the usefulness of this new tool for diagnosis, surveillance, and screening in elimination strategies. PMID:25569550

Vallejo, Andrés F.; Martínez, Nora L.; González, Iveth J.; Arévalo-Herrera, Myriam; Herrera, Sócrates

2015-01-01

249

Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Accurately Detects Malaria DNA from Filter Paper Blood Samples of Low Density Parasitaemias  

PubMed Central

Background Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) provides an opportunity for improved, field-friendly detection of malaria infections in endemic areas. However data on the diagnostic accuracy of LAMP for active case detection, particularly low-density parasitaemias, are lacking. We therefore evaluated the performance of a new LAMP kit compared with PCR using DNA from filter paper blood spots. Methods and Findings Samples from 865 fever patients and 465 asymptomatic individuals collected in Zanzibar were analysed for Pan (all species) and Pf (P. falciparum) DNA with the Loopamp MALARIA Pan/Pf kit. Samples were amplified at 65°C for 40 minutes in a real-time turbidimeter and results were compared with nested PCR. Samples with discordant results between LAMP and nested PCR were analysed with real-time PCR. The real-time PCR corrected nested PCR result was defined as gold standard. Among the 117 (13.5%) PCR detected P. falciparum infections from fever patients (mean parasite density 7491/µL, range 6–782,400) 115, 115 and 111 were positive by Pan-LAMP, Pf-LAMP and nested PCR, respectively. The sensitivities were 98.3% (95%CI 94–99.8) for both Pan and Pf-LAMP. Among the 54 (11.6%) PCR positive samples from asymptomatic individuals (mean parasite density 10/µL, range 0–4972) Pf-LAMP had a sensitivity of 92.7% (95%CI 80.1–98.5) for detection of the 41 P. falciparum infections. Pan-LAMP had sensitivities of 97% (95%CI 84.2–99.9) and 76.9% (95%CI 46.2–95) for detection of P. falciparum and P. malariae, respectively. The specificities for both Pan and Pf-LAMP were 100% (95%CI 99.1–100) in both study groups. Conclusion Both components of the Loopamp MALARIA Pan/Pf detection kit revealed high diagnostic accuracy for parasite detection among fever patients and importantly also among asymptomatic individuals of low parasite densities from minute blood volumes preserved on filter paper. These data support LAMPs potential role for improved detection of low-density malaria infections in pre-elimination settings. PMID:25105591

González, Iveth J.; Polley, Spencer D.; Bell, David; Shakely, Delér; Msellem, Mwinyi I.; Björkman, Anders; Mårtensson, Andreas

2014-01-01

250

[Investigation on Toxoplasma gondii by polymerase chain reaction and loop-mediated isothermal amplification in water samples from Giresun, Turkey].  

PubMed

Toxoplasmosis is generally asymptomatic in immunocompetent subjects, however serious manifestations of the disease may develop in immunocompromised patients and in pregnant women. The mean Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence which is approximately 40% in Turkish population, indicates the high risk for the development of acute toxoplasmosis in those cases. One of the transmission ways of T.gondii is the consumption of contaminated water. The aim of this study was to detect the presence of T.gondii in the environmental and drinking water samples by using standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) methods. A total of 96 water samples, of them 76 were environmental water samples collected from creeks in Giresun province center and its various districts (Piraziz, Bulancak, Ke?ap, Espiye) and 20 from drinking water samples, were included in the study. The samples were precipitated by the aluminium sulfate method and DNAs were isolated from the pellets formed with the sucrose gradient method. PCR and LAMP were applied to the isolated DNAs, by the use of primers F3 and B3 specific to B1 gene of the parasite. In our study, T.gondii was detected in none of the drinking water samples by PCR and LAMP, however T.gondii DNAs were positive in 13.2% (10/76) of the environmental water samples. Both of the methods yielded the same results in those samples. The stations that were positive for T.gondii were Aksu creek in Giresun province center; Gelivera creek in Espiye; Yola?z?, Ke?ap, Ke?ap Login Bridge creeks in Ke?ap; Bulancak, Karadere and ?ncivez creeks in Bulancak; Piraziz and Çay?ra?z? creeks in Piraziz counties. Resistance of T.gondii to chlorination and the inadequacy of the filtration processes, create a serious threat among people in contact with rivers, sea and drinking waters particularly in areas with high humidity. As far as the national literature was considered, no report about the water-borne T.gondii infections were detected in Giresun province of Black Sea region, Turkey. Thus this study will aid to the literature related to water-borne T.gondii infections. The results of this study emphasizes the essential need for appropriate disinfection procedures and purification processes before the discharge of waste water to prevent the cases of water-borne toxoplasmosis. PMID:25492661

Demirel, Elif; Kolören, Zeynep; Karaman, Ulkü; Ayaz, Emine

2014-10-01

251

Comparison of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification, conventional PCR and real-time PCR assays for Japanese encephalitis virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed and evaluated a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for detecting Japanese\\u000a encephalitis virus (JEV). The sensitivity of the JEV RT-LAMP assay was in concordance with that of real-time RT-PCR and 10-fold\\u000a more sensitive than that of conventional RT-PCR, which the detection limit was 24 copies\\/?l. The JEV RT-LAMP was highly specific,\\u000a which no cross-reactivity was found with

Zhiyong Chen; Yuxue Liao; Xuemei Ke; Jie Zhou; Yixiong Chen; LuLu Gao; Qing Chen; Shouyi Yu

2011-01-01

252

Development and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for the rapid diagnosis of Penicillium marneffei in archived tissue samples.  

PubMed

Penicillium marneffei is the etiologic agent of a severe systemic disease in immunocompromised hosts in Southeast Asia. In the present study, a novel method, known as loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), is described for the rapid and specific detection of the species, using a primer set derived from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA gene. Amplification products can be detected macroscopically by visual inspection in vials using SYBR Green I as well as by electrophoresis on agarose gel. The LAMP assay resulted in specific amplification of P. marneffei ITS using pure cultures after a 1-h reaction at 65 degrees C in a water bath; no cross-reactivity with other fungi including other biverticillate penicillia was observed. The detectable DNA limit was two copies. In addition, specific amplification was achieved using paraffin wax-embedded tissue samples from patients with penicilliosis marneffei and tissue samples from bamboo rats. The method provides a powerful tool for rapid diagnostics in the clinical lab, and has potential for use in ecological studies. PMID:20113352

Sun, Jiufeng; Li, Xiqing; Zeng, Hanxiang; Xie, Zhi; Lu, Changming; Xi, Liyan; de Hoog, Gert S

2010-04-01

253

Development of a Sensitive Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay That Provides Specimen-to-Result Diagnosis of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in 30 Minutes  

PubMed Central

Rapid isothermal amplification methods have recently been introduced, and some of these methods offer significant advantages over PCR. The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and sensitive multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification (M-LAMP) assay for the detection of respiratory syncytial virus subgroups A and B (RSV A and B). We designed six primers each for the matrix gene of RSV A and the polymerase gene of RSV B and developed an M-LAMP assay by using a commercially available master mix and a real-time fluorometer (Genie II; Optigene, United Kingdom) that displays real-time amplification, time to positivity, and amplicon annealing temperature (Tm). The M-LAMP was evaluated against PCR by testing 275 nasopharyngeal (NP) specimens. The final optimized M-LAMP assay had a mean amplification time of 14.2 min (compared with 90 to 120 min for PCR) and had an analytical sensitivity of 1 genome equivalent (ge) for both RSV A and B. Using PCR as a comparator, M-LAMP had a sensitivity of 100% (81/81) and specificity of 100% (194/194). We also evaluated a 3- to 10-min specimen processing method involving vortexing with glass beads and heating to 98°C in M-swab medium (Copan Italia, Brescia, Italy) and found that this rapid processing method allowed detection of 37/41 (90.2%) of positives when we used extracted nucleic acid. In summary, the M-LAMP assay had excellent sensitivity and specificity for detecting RSV A and B in NP specimens and, when coupled with a rapid specimen preparation method, could provide a specimen-to-result diagnosis time of 30 min. PMID:23761156

Chong, Sylvia; Bulir, David; Ruyter, Alexandra; Mwawasi, Ken; Waltho, Daniel

2013-01-01

254

One simple DNA extraction device and its combination with modified visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid on-field detection of genetically modified organisms.  

PubMed

Quickness, simplicity, and effectiveness are the three major criteria for establishing a good molecular diagnosis method in many fields. Herein we report a novel detection system for genetically modified organisms (GMOs), which can be utilized to perform both on-field quick screening and routine laboratory diagnosis. In this system, a newly designed inexpensive DNA extraction device was used in combination with a modified visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (vLAMP) assay. The main parts of the DNA extraction device included a silica gel membrane filtration column and a modified syringe. The DNA extraction device could be easily operated without using other laboratory instruments, making it applicable to an on-field GMO test. High-quality genomic DNA (gDNA) suitable for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and isothermal amplification could be quickly isolated from plant tissues using this device within 15 min. In the modified vLAMP assay, a microcrystalline wax encapsulated detection bead containing SYBR green fluorescent dye was introduced to avoid dye inhibition and cross-contaminations from post-LAMP operation. The system was successfully applied and validated in screening and identification of GM rice, soybean, and maize samples collected from both field testing and the Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) proficiency test program, which demonstrated that it was well-adapted to both on-field testing and/or routine laboratory analysis of GMOs. PMID:23181490

Zhang, Miao; Liu, Yinan; Chen, Lili; Quan, Sheng; Jiang, Shimeng; Zhang, Dabing; Yang, Litao

2013-01-01

255

Integration of reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification with an immunochromatographic strip on a centrifugal microdevice for influenza A virus identification.  

PubMed

A novel centrifugal microdevice which could perform reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) and immunochromatographic strip (ICS) based amplicon detection was demonstrated for simple and cost-effective influenza A virus identification. The proposed centrifugal microdevice consists of the sample and running buffer loading reservoirs, the RT-LAMP chamber, and the ICS for detecting gene expression. The entire process could be completed sequentially and automatically by simply controlling the rotation speed and by optimizing the microfluidic design. Monoplex and multiplex RT-LAMP reactions targeting H1 and/or M gene were executed at 66 °C for 40 min, and the resultant amplicons were successfully analysed on the ICS within 15 min. Influenza A H1N1 virus was subtyped by detecting H1 and M gene on the ICS even with 10 copies of viral RNAs. Highly specific and multiplex viral typing of the integrated RT-LAMP-ICS microdevice was also demonstrated. The combination of the rapid isothermal amplification with the simple colorimetric detection on a strip in a single centrifugal microdevice will provide an advanced genetic analysis platform in the field of on-site pathogen diagnostics. PMID:25426967

Jung, J H; Park, B H; Oh, S J; Choi, G; Seo, T S

2015-01-22

256

Rapid and sensitive detection of shrimp yellow head virus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick.  

PubMed

Yellow head virus (YHV) is a highly virulent pathogen that has caused severe mortality in cultivated shrimp (Penaeus monodon and Penaeus vannamei) in Thailand. There are several technologies that are applied to detect YHV for further control of the disease. RT-PCR is currently widely used in the laboratory, but it has some disadvantages related to cost, time-consuming and complexity. An alternative assay combines RT with loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) that not only provides high specificity, sensitivity and rapidity, but is also cheaper and more suitable for field applications in shrimp aquaculture than the RT-PCR. RT-LAMP is performed under isothermal conditions with a set of four to six primers designed to recognize six to eight distinct target sequences, and it has been combined with a chromatographic lateral-flow dipstick (LFD) to detect LAMP amplified product, which avoids the use of gel electrophoresis. In this study, RT-LAMP for the detection of YHV was developed by isothermal amplification at 65 °C for 45 min, followed by hybridization with an FITC-labeled DNA probe for 5 min and detected by LFD within 5 min (time required approximately 55 min, excluding RNA extraction and preparation time). The detection limit of RT-LAMP-LFD was 0.1 pg RNA extracted from shrimp infected with YHV equivalent to the nested RT-PCR, and no cross reaction was observed with other common shrimp viral pathogens. The LAMP method described in this study showed a rapid, high sensitivity and specificity and it is recommended as user-friendly for diagnosis of YHV in the field. PMID:23219929

Khunthong, Sasiwarat; Jaroenram, Wansadaj; Arunrut, Narong; Suebsing, Rungkarn; Mungsantisuk, Idsada; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

2013-03-01

257

Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification methods targeting the seM gene for detection of Streptococcus equi subsp. equi.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) constitutes a potentially valuable diagnostic tool for rapid diagnosis of contagious diseases. In this study, we developed a novel LAMP method (seM-LAMP) to detect the seM gene of Streptococcus equi subsp. equi (S. equi), the causative agent of strangles in equids. The seM-LAMP successfully amplified the target sequence of the seM gene at 63°C within 60 min. The sensitivity of the seM-LAMP was slightly lower than the 2nd reaction of the seM semi-nested PCR. To evaluate the species specificity of the seM-LAMP, we tested 100 S. equi and 189 non-S. equi strains. Significant amplification of the DNA originating from S. equi was observed within 60 min incubation, but no amplification of non-S. equi DNA occurred. The results were identical to those of seM semi-nested PCR. To investigate the clinical usefulness of the methods, the seM-LAMP and the seM semi-nested PCR were used to screen 590 nasal swabs obtained during an outbreak of strangles. Both methods showed that 79 and 511 swabs were S. equi positive and negative, respectively, and the results were identical to those of the culture examination. These results indicate that the seM-LAMP is potentially useful for the reliable routine diagnosis of Streptococcus equi subsp. equi infections. PMID:22032896

Hobo, Seiji; Niwa, Hidekazu; Oku, Kazuomi

2012-03-01

258

Rapid and sensitive detection of mud crab Scylla serrata reovirus by a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scylla serrata reovirus (SsRV) is one of the most prevalent viral pathogens of the mud crab (S. serrata). This pathogen is widespread in east China and causes severe economic losses to the nation's mud crab industry. Early detection of this pathogen is necessary for disease control and reduction of economic loss. In the present study, a reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal

Jigang Chen; Juan Xiong; Bojing Cui; Jifang Yang; Zhijuan Mao; Wenchen Li; Xiaoxuan Chen; Xiaojuan Zheng

2011-01-01

259

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP): a new diagnostic tool lights the world of diagnosis of animal and human pathogens: a review.  

PubMed

Diagnosis is an important part in case of animal husbandry as treatment of a disease depends on it. Advancement in molecular biology has generated various sophisticated tools like Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), its versions along with pen-side diagnostic techniques. Every diagnostic test however has both advantages and disadvantages; PCR is not an exception to this statement. To ease the odds faced by PCR several non-PCR techniques which can amplify DNA at a constant temperature has become the need of hour, thus generating a variety of isothermal amplification techniques including Nucleic Acid Sequence-Based Amplification (NASBA) along with Self-Sustained Sequence Replication (3SR) and Strand Displacement Amplification (SDA) and Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) test. LAMP stands out to be a good and effective diagnostic test for empowering in developing countries as it does not require sophisticated equipments and skilled personnel and proves to be cost-effective. Performance of LAMP mainly relies on crafting of six primers (including 2 loop primers) ultimately accelerating the reaction. LAMP amplifies DNA in the process pyrophosphates are formed causing turbidity that facilitates visualisation in a more effective way than PCR. The Bst and Bsm polymerase are the required enzymes for LAMP that does not possess 5'-3' exonuclease activity. Results can be visualized by adding DNA binding dye, SYBR green. LAMP is more stable than PCR and real-time PCR. Non-involvement of template DNA preparation and ability to generate 10(9) copies of DNA are added benefits that make it more effective than NASBA or 3SR and SDA. Thus, it fetches researcher's interest in developing various versions of LAMP viz., its combination with lateral flow assay or micro LAMP and more recently lyophilized and electric (e) LAMP. Availability of ready to use LAMP kits has helped diagnosis of almost all pathogens. LAMP associated technologies however needs to be developed as a part of LAMP platform rather than developing them as separate entities. This review deals with all these salient features of this newly developed tool that has enlightened the world of diagnosis. PMID:24783797

Dhama, Kuldeep; Karthik, K; Chakraborty, Sandip; Tiwari, Ruchi; Kapoor, Sanjay; Kumar, Amit; Thomas, Prasad

2014-01-15

260

Development and evaluation of a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid and high-sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium in water samples.  

PubMed

We describe a novel assay for simple, rapid and high-sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in water samples using a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). The assay is based on the detection of 18S rRNA specific for Cryptosporidium oocysts. The detection limit of the developed RT-LAMP assay was as low as 6 x 10(-3) oocysts/test tube, which theoretically enables us to detect a Cryptosporidium oocyst and perform duplicated tests even if water samples contain only one oocyst. The developed RT-LAMP assay could more sensitively detect Cryptosporidium oocysts in real water samples than the conventional assay based on microscopic observation. PMID:19844064

Inomata, A; Kishida, N; Momoda, T; Akiba, M; Izumiyama, S; Yagita, K; Endo, T

2009-01-01

261

Detection of Early and Single Infections of Schistosoma japonicum in the Intermediate Host Snail, Oncomelania hupensis, by PCR and Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay  

PubMed Central

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the specific primer set amplifying 28S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of Schistosoma japonicum was able to detect genomic DNA of S. japonicum, but not S. mansoni, at 100 fg. This procedure enabled us to detect the DNA from a single miracidium and a snail infected with one miracidium at just 1 day after infection. We compared these results with those from loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) targeting 28S rDNA and found similar results. The LAMP could amplify the specific DNA from a group of 100 normal snails mixed with one infected snail A PCR screening of infected snails from endemic regions in Anhui Province revealed schistosomal DNA even in snails found negative by microscopy. PCR and LAMP show promise for monitoring the early infection rate in snails, and they may be useful for predicting the risk of infection in the endemic places. PMID:20810818

Kumagai, Takashi; Furushima-Shimogawara, Rieko; Ohmae, Hiroshi; Wang, Tian-Ping; Lu, Shaohong; Chen, Rui; Wen, Liyong; Ohta, Nobuo

2010-01-01

262

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid and specific detection of common genetically modified organisms (GMOs).  

PubMed

Here, we developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for 11 common transgenic target DNA in GMOs. Six sets of LAMP primer candidates for each target were designed and their specificity, sensitivity, and reproductivity were evaluated. With the optimized LAMP primers, this LAMP assay was simply run within 45-60?min to detect all these targets in GMOs tested. The sensitivity, specificity, and reproductivity of the LAMP assay were further analyzed in comparison with those of Real-Time PCR. In consistent with real-time PCR, detection of 0.5% GMOs in equivalent background DNA was possible using this LAMP assay for all targets. In comparison with real-time PCR, the LAMP assay showed the same results with simple instruments. Hence, the LAMP assay developed can provide a rapid and simple approach for routine screening as well as specific events detection of many GMOs. PMID:25582179

Feng, Jiawang; Tang, Shiming; Liu, Lideng; Kuang, Xiaoshan; Wang, Xiaoyu; Hu, Songnan; You, Shuzhu

2015-03-01

263

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Nocardia salmonicida, the Causative Agent of Nocardiosis in Fish.  

PubMed

Nocardia salmonicida is one of the main pathogens of fish nocardiosis. The purpose of this study was to build a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the rapid and sensitive detection of N. salmonicida. A set of four primers were designed from the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region of N. salmonicida, and conditions for LAMP were optimized as incubating all the reagents for 60 min at 64°C. LAMP products were judged with agar gel electrophoresis as well as with the naked eye after the addition of SYBR Green I. Results showed the sensitivity of the LAMP assay was 1.68 × 10(3) CFU/ml (16.8 CFU per reaction) and 10-fold higher than that of PCR. The LAMP method was also effectively applied to detect N. salmonicida in diseased fish samples, and it may potentially facilitate the surveillance and early diagnosis of fish nocardiosis. PMID:25262681

Xia, Liqun; Zhang, Honglian; Lu, Yishan; Cai, Jia; Wang, Bei; Jian, Jichang

2015-03-28

264

The development of DNA-based quartz crystal microbalance integrated with isothermal DNA amplification system for human papillomavirus type 58 detection.  

PubMed

To address the effect of dramatic change in temperature and viscosity during PCR process on quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor and to increase the sensitivity, isothermal amplification was employed in the system. We combined loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique with QCM, called as LAMP-QCM, for detection of high-risk human papillomavirus viral DNA type 58 (HPV-58) which is commonly found in Asian women. The liquid-phase LAMP-QCM prototype comprised the frequency counter, a temperature control device and housing of the quartz crystal with polished gold electrodes on both sides. QCM detection signal was monitored in real-time based on an avidin-biotin binding between avidin coated QCM surface and specific biotinylated LAMP products. Analytical performance was evaluated for precision, sensitivity and specificity. A plasmid clone containing the HPV-58 sequence was diluted from 10(6) to 1 copy and used for detection limit. Cut-off value was estimated at 28.8 Hz from negative viral template. The system could detect 100 copies with ?f at 34.0±3.6 Hz compared to 1000 copies detected by conventional LAMP. No cross-reaction was observed with other HPV types. The HPV-58 detection was compared among LAMP-QCM, conventional LAMP and nested PCR in 50 cervical cancer tissues. The positive rate of LAMP-QCM was higher than that of conventional LAMP with 100% sensitivity and 90.5% specificity. The integrated LAMP-QCM system has improved the detection limit up to ten times compared to conventional LAMP with less-time consuming. PMID:22959017

Prakrankamanant, Preeda; Leelayuwat, Chanvit; Promptmas, Chamras; Limpaiboon, Temduang; Wanram, Surasak; Prasongdee, Prinya; Pientong, Chamsai; Daduang, Jureerat; Jearanaikoon, Patcharee

2013-02-15

265

Novel reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.  Speed is paramount in the diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and simplicity is required if a test is to be deployed\\u000a in the field. The development of a one-step, reverse transcription loop-mediated amplification (RT-LAMP) assay enables FMD\\u000a virus (FMDV) to be detected in under an hour in a single tube without thermal cycling. A fragment of the 3D RNA polymerase

J. P. Dukes; D. P. King; S. Alexandersen

2006-01-01

266

Rapid Detection of Norovirus from Fecal Specimens by Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we developed a one-step, single-tube genogroup-specific reverse transcription-loop-mediated iso- thermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for the detection of norovirus (NoV) genomes targeting from the C terminus of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene to the capsid N-terminal\\/shell domain region. This is the first report on the development of an RT-LAMP assay for the detection of NoV genomes. Because of

Shinji Fukuda; Shinichi Takao; Masaru Kuwayama; Yukie Shimazu; Kazuo Miyazaki

2006-01-01

267

Detection of spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) in koi carp, Cyprinus carpio L  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) is a rhabdovirus associated with systemic illness and mortality in cyprinids. Several diagnostic tests are available for detection of SVCV. However, most of these tests are time consuming and are not well adapted for field-based diagnostics. In this study, a diagnostic tool for SVCV detection based on reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) has been developed. Based on the nucleotide sequence of the glycoprotein (G) gene of SVCV North Carolina (NC) isolate, four sets (each set containing two outer and two inner) of primers were designed. Temperature and time conditions were optimized to 65 ??C and 60 min, respectively, for LAMP and RT-LAMP using one primer set. In vitro specificity was evaluated using four different strains of fish rhabdoviruses and RT-LAMP was found to be specific to SVCV. Serial dilutions of SVCV NC isolate was used to evaluate the in vitro sensitivity of RT-LAMP. Sensitivity of the assays was similar to RT-PCR and detected SVCV even at the lowest dilution of 10 1 TCID50 mL-1. The ability of RT-LAMP to detect SVCV from infected carp was also tested and the assay detected SVCV from all infected fish. The isothermal temperature requirements, high specificity and sensitivity, and short incubation time of the RT-LAMP assay make it an excellent choice as a field diagnostic test for SVCV. ?? 2008 The Authors.

Shivappa, R.B.; Savan, R.; Kono, T.; Sakai, M.; Emmenegger, E.; Kurath, G.; Levine, J.F.

2008-01-01

268

Specific detection of reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification amplicons for Taura syndrome virus by colorimetric dot-blot hybridization.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to develop a field diagnosis system based on isothermal reverse transcription-loop-mediated amplification (RT-LAMP) for shrimp Taura syndrome virus (TSV), placing emphasis on specific and simple detection of the LAMP amplicons. After a single-tube RT-LAMP reaction for TSV was established, colorimetric dot-blot hybridization (DBH) was adopted to detect signals only from the target-derived amplicons. The results showed that the modified DBH offered unambiguous and sensitive detection of the TSV RT-LAMP amplicons without the UV cross-linking and denaturation steps. Together, TSV RT-LAMP-DBH assay reached the same dilution point as reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction-agarose gel electrophoresis (RT-nPCR-AGE) for TSV detection. Specificity of the assay was demonstrated by the absence of DBH signal from yeast tRNA and various shrimp viruses. TSV RT-LAMP-DBH was applied to 125 Penaeus vannamei and demonstrated a very good concordance (kappa value, 0.823) with RT-nPCR-AGE assay in detection efficiency. Furthermore, a one-step guanidinium thiocyanate (GuSCN) homogenization method was established to provide RNA extraction efficiency comparable to that of the TRIzol Reagent for RT-LAMP. Requiring simply a heating apparatus, the GuSCN RNA extraction-isothermal RT-LAMP-DBH protocol has the potential for further development for diagnosis of diseases in the field. PMID:17868915

Teng, Ping-Hua; Chen, Chu-Liang; Sung, Ping-Feng; Lee, Fu-Chun; Ou, Bor-Rung; Lee, Pei-Yu

2007-12-01

269

The use of Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) to detect the re-emerging Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the Luangwa and Zambezi valleys  

PubMed Central

Background Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel strategy which amplifies DNA with high sensitivity and rapidity under isothermal conditions. In the present study, the performance of the repetitive insertion mobile element (RIME)-LAMP and human serum resistance-associated gene (SRA)-LAMP assays were evaluated using clinical specimens obtained from four male patients from Luangwa and Zambezi valleys in Zambia and Zimbabwe, respectively. Findings The cases reported in this preliminary communication were all first diagnosed by microscopy, through passive surveillance, and confirmed by both RIME-LAMP and SRA-LAMP. A good correlation between microscopy and LAMP was observed and contributed to staging and successful treatment of patient. RIME-LAMP and SRA-LAMP complimented each other well in all the cases. Conclusions Both RIME-LAMP and SRA-LAMP were able to detect Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense DNA in patient blood and CSF and hence confirmed HAT in the parasitaemic patients. Our study indicates that the LAMP technique is a potential tool for HAT diagnosis, staging and may be useful for making therapeutic decisions. However, no statistically significant conclusion may be drawn due to the limited sample size used in the present study. It is thus imperative to conduct a detailed study to further evaluate the potential of LAMP as a bedside diagnostic test for HAT. PMID:23211002

2012-01-01

270

Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of the F167Y mutation of carbendazim-resistant isolates in Fusarium graminearum  

PubMed Central

Resistance of Fusarium graminearum to carbendazim is caused by point mutations in the ?2-tubulin gene. The point mutation at codon 167 (TTT ? TAT, F167Y) occurs in more than 90% of field resistant isolates in China. To establish a suitable method for rapid detection of the F167Y mutation in F. graminearum, an efficient and simple method with high specificity was developed based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). A set of four primers was designed and optimized to specially distinguish the F167Y mutation genotype. The LAMP reaction was optimal at 63°C for 60?min. When hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB) was added prior to amplification, samples with DNA of the F167Y mutation developed a characteristic sky blue color after the reaction but those without DNA or with different DNA did not. Results of HNB staining method were reconfirmed by gel electrophoresis. The developed LAMP had good specificity, stability and repeatability and was suitable for monitoring carbendazim-resistance populations of F. graminearum in agricultural production. PMID:25403277

Duan, Yabing; Zhang, Xiaoke; Ge, Changyan; Wang, Yong; Cao, Junhong; Jia, Xiaojing; Wang, Jianxin; Zhou, Mingguo

2014-01-01

271

Use of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Detection of Ophiostoma clavatum, the Primary Blue Stain Fungus Associated with Ips acuminatus  

PubMed Central

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an alternative amplification technology which is highly sensitive and less time-consuming than conventional PCR-based methods. Three LAMP assays were developed, two for detection of species of symbiotic blue stain fungi associated with Ips acuminatus, a bark beetle infesting Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), and an additional assay specific to I. acuminatus itself for use as a control. In common with most bark beetles, I. acuminatus is associated with phytopathogenic blue stain fungi involved in the process of exhausting tree defenses, which is a necessary step for the colonization of the plant by the insect. However, the identity of the main blue stain fungus vectored by I. acuminatus was still uncertain, as well as its frequency of association with I. acuminatus under outbreak and non-outbreak conditions. In this study, we employed LAMP technology to survey six populations of I. acuminatus sampled from the Southern Alps. Ophiostoma clavatum was detected at all sampling sites, while Ophiostoma brunneo-ciliatum, reported in part of the literature as the main blue stain fungus associated with I. acuminatus, was not detected on any of the samples. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that O. clavatum is the main blue stain fungus associated with I. acuminatus in the Southern Alps. The method developed in the course of this work provides a molecular tool by which it will be easy to screen populations and derive important data regarding the ecology of the species involved. PMID:23396326

Tomlinson, Jennifer A.; Battisti, Andrea; Boonham, Neil; Capretti, Paolo

2013-01-01

272

Use of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Ophiostoma clavatum, the primary blue stain fungus associated with Ips acuminatus.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is an alternative amplification technology which is highly sensitive and less time-consuming than conventional PCR-based methods. Three LAMP assays were developed, two for detection of species of symbiotic blue stain fungi associated with Ips acuminatus, a bark beetle infesting Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), and an additional assay specific to I. acuminatus itself for use as a control. In common with most bark beetles, I. acuminatus is associated with phytopathogenic blue stain fungi involved in the process of exhausting tree defenses, which is a necessary step for the colonization of the plant by the insect. However, the identity of the main blue stain fungus vectored by I. acuminatus was still uncertain, as well as its frequency of association with I. acuminatus under outbreak and non-outbreak conditions. In this study, we employed LAMP technology to survey six populations of I. acuminatus sampled from the Southern Alps. Ophiostoma clavatum was detected at all sampling sites, while Ophiostoma brunneo-ciliatum, reported in part of the literature as the main blue stain fungus associated with I. acuminatus, was not detected on any of the samples. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that O. clavatum is the main blue stain fungus associated with I. acuminatus in the Southern Alps. The method developed in the course of this work provides a molecular tool by which it will be easy to screen populations and derive important data regarding the ecology of the species involved. PMID:23396326

Villari, Caterina; Tomlinson, Jennifer A; Battisti, Andrea; Boonham, Neil; Capretti, Paolo; Faccoli, Massimo

2013-04-01

273

Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of the F167Y mutation of carbendazim-resistant isolates in Fusarium graminearum.  

PubMed

Resistance of Fusarium graminearum to carbendazim is caused by point mutations in the ?2-tubulin gene. The point mutation at codon 167 (TTT ? TAT, F167Y) occurs in more than 90% of field resistant isolates in China. To establish a suitable method for rapid detection of the F167Y mutation in F. graminearum, an efficient and simple method with high specificity was developed based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). A set of four primers was designed and optimized to specially distinguish the F167Y mutation genotype. The LAMP reaction was optimal at 63 °C for 60 min. When hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB) was added prior to amplification, samples with DNA of the F167Y mutation developed a characteristic sky blue color after the reaction but those without DNA or with different DNA did not. Results of HNB staining method were reconfirmed by gel electrophoresis. The developed LAMP had good specificity, stability and repeatability and was suitable for monitoring carbendazim-resistance populations of F. graminearum in agricultural production. PMID:25403277

Duan, Yabing; Zhang, Xiaoke; Ge, Changyan; Wang, Yong; Cao, Junhong; Jia, Xiaojing; Wang, Jianxin; Zhou, Mingguo

2014-01-01

274

Development of a Rapid, Simple Method for Detecting Naegleria fowleri Visually in Water Samples by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP)  

PubMed Central

Naegleria fowleri is the causative agent of the fatal disease primary amebic meningoencephalitis. Detection of N. fowleri using conventional culture and biochemical-based assays is time-consuming and laborious, while molecular techniques, such as PCR, require laboratory skills and expensive equipment. We developed and evaluated a novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting the virulence-related gene for N. fowleri. Time to results is about 90 min and amplification products were easily detected visually using hydroxy naphthol blue. The LAMP was highly specific after testing against related microorganisms and able to detect one trophozoite, as determined with spiked water and cerebrospinal fluid samples. The assay was then evaluated with a set of 80 water samples collected during the flooding crisis in Thailand in 2011, and 30 natural water samples from border areas of northern, eastern, western, and southern Thailand. N. fowleri was detected in 13 and 10 samples using LAMP and PCR, respectively, with a Kappa coefficient of 0.855. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a LAMP assay for N. fowleri. Due to its simplicity, speed, and high sensitivity, the LAMP method described here might be useful for quickly detecting and diagnosing N. fowleri in water and clinical samples, particularly in resource-poor settings. PMID:25822175

Mahittikorn, Aongart; Mori, Hirotake; Popruk, Supaluk; Roobthaisong, Amonrattana; Sutthikornchai, Chantira; Koompapong, Khuanchai; Siri, Sukhontha; Sukthana, Yaowalark; Nacapunchai, Duangporn

2015-01-01

275

Rapid detection of Piper yellow mottle virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting black pepper (Piper nigrum) by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).  

PubMed

The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for Piper yellow mottle virus and the reverse transcription (RT) LAMP assay for Cucumber mosaic virus each consisted of a set of five primers designed against the conserved sequences in the viral genome. Both RNA and DNA isolated from black pepper were used as a template for the assay. The results were assessed visually by checking turbidity, green fluorescence and pellet formation in the reaction tube and also by gel electrophoresis. The assay successfully detected both viruses in infected plants whereas no cross-reactions were recorded with healthy plants. Optimum conditions for successful amplification were determined in terms of the concentrations of magnesium sulphate and betaine, temperature, and duration. The detection limit for both LAMP and RT-LAMP was up to 100 times that for conventional PCR and up to one-hundredth of that for real-time PCR. The optimal conditions arrived at were validated by testing field samples of infected vines of three species from different regions. PMID:23791964

Bhat, A I; Siljo, A; Deeshma, K P

2013-10-01

276

Rapid diagnostic detection of plum pox virus in Prunus plants by isothermal AmplifyRP(®) using reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification.  

PubMed

Plum pox virus (PPV) causes the most destructive viral disease known as plum pox or Sharka disease in stone fruit trees. As an important regulated pathogen, detection of PPV is thus of critical importance to quarantine and eradication of the spreading disease. In this study, the innovative development of two AmplifyRP(®) tests is reported for a rapid isothermal detection of PPV using reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification. In an AmplifyRP(®) test, all specific recombination and amplification reactions occur at a constant temperature without thermal cycling and the test results are either recorded in real-time with a portable fluorescence reader or displayed using a lateral flow strip contained inside an amplicon detection chamber. The major improvement of this assay is that the entire test from sample preparation to result can be completed in as little as 20min and can be performed easily both in laboratories and in the field. The results from this study demonstrated the ability of the AmplifyRP(®) technique to detect all nine PPV strains (An, C, CR, D, EA, M, Rec, T, or W). Among the economic benefits to pathogen surveys is the higher sensitivity of the AmplifyRP(®) to detect PPV when compared to the conventional ELISA and ImmunoStrip(®) assays. This is the first report describing the use of such an innovative technique to detect rapidly plant viruses affecting perennial crops. PMID:25010790

Zhang, Shulu; Ravelonandro, Michel; Russell, Paul; McOwen, Nathan; Briard, Pascal; Bohannon, Seven; Vrient, Albert

2014-10-01

277

Erwinia amylovora loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid pathogen detection and on-site diagnosis of fire blight.  

PubMed

Several molecular methods have been developed for the detection of Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight in pear and apple, but none are truly applicable for on-site use in the field. We developed a fast, reliable and field applicable detection method using a novel target on the E. amylovora chromosome that we identified by applying a comparative genomic pipeline. The target coding sequences (CDSs) are both uniquely specific for and all-inclusive of E. amylovora genotypes. This avoids potential false negatives that can occur with most commonly used methods based on amplification of plasmid gene targets, which can vary among strains. Loop-mediated isothermal AMPlification (LAMP) with OptiGene Genie II chemistry and instrumentation proved to be an exceptionally rapid (under 15 min) and robust method for detecting E. amylovora in orchards, as well as simple to use in the plant diagnostic laboratory. Comparative validation results using plant samples from inoculated greenhouse trials and from natural field infections (of regional and temporal diverse origin) showed that our LAMP had an equivalent or greater performance regarding sensitivity, specificity, speed and simplicity than real-time PCR (TaqMan), other LAMP assays, immunoassays and plating, demonstrating its utility for routine testing. PMID:23275135

Bühlmann, Andreas; Pothier, Joël F; Rezzonico, Fabio; Smits, Theo H M; Andreou, Michael; Boonham, Neil; Duffy, Brion; Frey, Jürg E

2013-03-01

278

Rapid and sensitive detection of infectious bursal disease virus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick.  

PubMed

Infectious bursal disease (IBD), an immunosuppressive disease that affects all ages of chickens, results in significant losses in the poultry industry. A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) combined with a chromatographic lateral flow dipstick (LFD) for the detection of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was developed. The whole process of testing can be completed in less than 70 min using biotin-labeled primers, an FITC-labeled DNA probe, and the LFD. The detection limits for IBDV using RT-LAMP and RT-LAMP-LFD were the same at 10(-1)plaque forming units (PFU). When other unrelated viruses and cells were tested, no false positive results were observed. In addition, the amplification efficiency of RT-LAMP was enhanced when a loop primer was used. The RT-LAMP-LFD product started to be detected after 40 min. Clinical samples were used to compare assays using RT-PCR, nested RT-PCR, RT-LAMP, and RT-LAMP-LFD and the positive rates were 16%, 40%, 40%, and 40%, respectively. In conclusion, this assay is an easy, rapid, accurate, and sensitive method for the detection of IBDV and will improve the screening of field samples, especially when veterinarians have limited resources. PMID:22353472

Tsai, Su-Ming; Liu, Hung-Jen; Shien, Jui-Hung; Lee, Long-Huw; Chang, Po-Chung; Wang, Chi-Young

2012-04-01

279

Protein-coding housekeeping gene Rv2461c can be used as an amplification target in loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples  

PubMed Central

The study is to explore the potential of the conserved Rv2461c gene as a biomarker for Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. The conservation of the hypothetical genes was evaluated in this study using multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis. The conservation of Rv2461c coding gene was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction using six reference strains of M. tuberculosis complex (MTC), 156 M. tuberculosis clinical isolates, 25 species of non-tuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM), and 10 non-mycobacterial species. A total of 126 clinical sputum specimens were collected from patients with respiratory symptoms, including 79 specimens from suspected TB patients, and 47 specimens from patients with respiratory diseases other than TB. Genomic DNAs were extracted and subject to polymerase chain reaction for nucleic acid amplification test. In addition, we successfully developed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technology for rapid detection of M. tuberculosis in sputum specimens. The sensitivity and specificity of LAMP assay were evaluated for the detection of M. tuberculosis. Phylogenetic analysis of the clpP sequences revealed that the Mycobacterium strains were split into two major clusters: i) MTC; ii) NTM strains and M. leprae. During the evaluation of the conservation of Rv2461c coding gene, all MTC strains yielded positive results, and no false-positive results were observed in NTM or other bacterial species. LAMP analysis showed high sensitivity and specificity (84.8% and 95.7%, respectively) for the detection of M. tuberculosis from sputum. Our result indicated that Rv2461c coding gene was an efficient and promising alternative nucleic acid amplification test target for the detection of M. tuberculosis. PMID:25674236

Li, Dairong; Zhao, Jianing; Nie, Xiaoping; Wan, Tao; Xu, Wenchun; Zhao, Yong

2014-01-01

280

Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for rapid visual detection of cry2Ab and cry3A genes in genetically-modified crops.  

PubMed

The cry2Ab and cry3A genes are two of the most important insect-resistant exogenous genes and had been widely used in genetically-modified crops. To develop more effective alternatives for the quick identification of genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) containing these genes, a rapid and visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect the cry2Ab and cry3A genes is described in this study. The LAMP assay can be finished within 60 min at an isothermal condition of 63 °C. The derived LAMP products can be obtained by a real-time turbidimeter via monitoring the white turbidity or directly observed by the naked eye through adding SYBR Green I dye. The specificity of the LAMP assay was determined by analyzing thirteen insect-resistant genetically-modified (GM) crop events with different Bt genes. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the LAMP assay was evaluated by diluting the template genomic DNA. Results showed that the limit of detection of the established LAMP assays was approximately five copies of haploid genomic DNA, about five-fold greater than that of conventional PCR assays. All of the results indicated that this established rapid and visual LAMP assay was quick, accurate and cost effective, with high specificity and sensitivity. In addition, this method does not need specific expensive instruments or facilities, which can provide a simpler and quicker approach to detecting the cry2Ab and cry3A genes in GM crops, especially for on-site, large-scale test purposes in the field. PMID:25167136

Li, Feiwu; Yan, Wei; Long, Likun; Qi, Xing; Li, Congcong; Zhang, Shihong

2014-01-01

281

Development and Application of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assays for Rapid Visual Detection of cry2Ab and cry3A Genes in Genetically-Modified Crops  

PubMed Central

The cry2Ab and cry3A genes are two of the most important insect-resistant exogenous genes and had been widely used in genetically-modified crops. To develop more effective alternatives for the quick identification of genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) containing these genes, a rapid and visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect the cry2Ab and cry3A genes is described in this study. The LAMP assay can be finished within 60 min at an isothermal condition of 63 °C. The derived LAMP products can be obtained by a real-time turbidimeter via monitoring the white turbidity or directly observed by the naked eye through adding SYBR Green I dye. The specificity of the LAMP assay was determined by analyzing thirteen insect-resistant genetically-modified (GM) crop events with different Bt genes. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the LAMP assay was evaluated by diluting the template genomic DNA. Results showed that the limit of detection of the established LAMP assays was approximately five copies of haploid genomic DNA, about five-fold greater than that of conventional PCR assays. All of the results indicated that this established rapid and visual LAMP assay was quick, accurate and cost effective, with high specificity and sensitivity. In addition, this method does not need specific expensive instruments or facilities, which can provide a simpler and quicker approach to detecting the cry2Ab and cry3A genes in GM crops, especially for on-site, large-scale test purposes in the field. PMID:25167136

Li, Feiwu; Yan, Wei; Long, Likun; Qi, Xing; Li, Congcong; Zhang, Shihong

2014-01-01

282

One-step detection of Bean pod mottle virus in soybean seeds by the reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

Background Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is a wide-spread and destructive virus that causes huge economic losses in many countries every year. A sensitive, reliable and specific method for rapid surveillance is urgently needed to prevent further spread of BPMV. Methods A degenerate reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) primer set was designed on the conserved region of BPMV CP gene. The reaction conditions of RT-LAMP were optimized and the feasibility, specificity and sensitivity of this method to detect BPMV were evaluated using the crude RNA rapidly extracted from soybean seeds. Results The optimized RT-LAMP parameters including 6?mM MgCl2, 0.8?M betaine and temperature at 62.5-65°C could successfully amplify the ladder-like bands from BPMV infected soybean seeds. The amplification was very specific to BPMV that no cross-reaction was observed with other soybean viruses. Inclusion of a fluorescent dye makes it easily be detected in-tube by naked eye. The sensitivity of RT-LAMP assay is higher than the conventional RT-PCR under the conditions tested, and the conventional RT-PCR couldn’t be used for detection of BPMV using crude RNA extract from soybean seeds. Conclusion A highly efficient and practical method was developed for the detection of BPMV in soybean seeds by the combination of rapid RNA extraction and RT-LAMP. This RT-LAMP method has great potential for rapid BPMV surveillance and will assist in preventing further spread of this devastating virus. PMID:22958497

2012-01-01

283

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-uninfected immunocompromised patients with pulmonary infiltrates.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal ampli?cation (LAMP) is becoming an established nucleic acid ampli?cation method offering rapid, accurate, and cost-effective diagnosis of infectious diseases. We retrospectively evaluated 78 consecutive HIV-uninfected patients who underwent LAMP method for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). Diagnosis of PCP was made by the detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) with positive LAMP or conventional staining (CS) (Grocott methenamine silver staining or Diff-Quick™) on the basis of compatible clinical symptoms and radiologic findings. Additionally, we reviewed HIV-uninfected immunocompromised patients who underwent subcontract PCR as a historical control. LAMP was positive in 10 (90.9%) of 11 positive-CS patients. Among 13 negative-CS patients with positive LAMP, 11 (84.6%) had PCP, and the remaining 2 were categorized as having P. jirovecii colonization. LDH levels in negative-CS PCP were higher than in positive-CS PCP (p = 0.026). (1 ? 3)-?-D-glucan levels in negative-CS PCP were lower than in positive-CS PCP (p = 0.011). The interval from symptom onset to diagnosis as PCP in LAMP group (3.45 ± 1.77 days; n = 22) was shorter than in subcontract PCR group (6.90 ± 2.28 days; n = 10; p < 0.001). As for patients without PCP, duration of unnecessary PCP treatment in LAMP group (2; 2-3 days; n = 10) was shorter than in subcontract PCR group (7; 7-12.25 days; n = 6; p = 0.003). LAMP showed higher sensitivity (95.4%) and positive predictive value (91.3%) than subcontract PCR did. Pneumocystis LAMP method is a sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic method and is easy to administer in general hospitals. In-house LAMP method would realize early diagnosis of PCP, resulting in improving PCP prognosis and reducing unnecessary PCP-specific treatment. PMID:25187511

Nakashima, Kei; Aoshima, Masahiro; Ohkuni, Yoshihiro; Hoshino, Eri; Hashimoto, Kohei; Otsuka, Yoshihito

2014-12-01

284

Visual detection of high-risk human papillomavirus genotypes 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 by loop-mediated isothermal amplification with hydroxynaphthol blue dye.  

PubMed

A simple, rapid, sensitive, qualitative, colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB) was established to detect high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58. All initial validation studies with the control DNA proved to be type specific. The colorimetric type-specific LAMP assay could achieve a sensitivity of 10 to 100 copies at 63°C for 65 min, comparable to that of real-time PCR. In order to evaluate the reliability of HPV type-specific LAMP, the assay was further evaluated with HPV DNAs from a panel of 294 clinical specimens whose HPV status was previously determined with a novel one-step typing method with multiplex PCR. The tested panel comprised 108 HPV DNA-negative samples and 186 HPV-DNA-positive samples of 14 genotypes. The results showed that the sensitivity of HPV type-specific LAMP for HPV types 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 was 100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, and 100%, respectively, and the specificity was 100%, 98.5%, 100%, 98.8%, and 99.2%, respectively, compared with a novel one-step typing method with multiplex PCR. No cross-reactivity with other HPV genotypes was observed. In conclusion, this qualitative and colorimetric LAMP assay has potential usefulness for the rapid screening of HPV genotype 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 infections, especially in resource-limited hospitals or rural clinics of provincial and municipal regions in China. PMID:21865423

Luo, Le; Nie, Kai; Yang, Meng-Jie; Wang, Miao; Li, Jin; Zhang, Chen; Liu, Hong-Tu; Ma, Xue-Jun

2011-10-01

285

Rapid and sensitive detection of shrimp infectious myonecrosis virus using a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification and visual colorogenic nanogold hybridization probe assay.  

PubMed

This study reports a novel strategy for the detection of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) products derived from infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV), causes a serious myonecrosis in Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei, by using a ssDNA-labeled with gold nanoparticle (AuNP) probe. This technique relies on a self-aggregation method, when the AuNP aggregation is induced by an increasing of salt concentrations with visual detection. The presence of IMNV-LAMP target prevented an AuNP aggregation and a solution remained as pink color of AuNP, while non-complementary targets cannot prevent AuNP aggregation, resulting in a visible color change to purple color after addition of salt. By using the combination of LAMP and AuNP probe system, the total assay interval required approximately 50 min (exclude RNA preparation). Detection limit was 10 copies of IMNV RNA in vitro transcript that comparable to that of LAMP followed by LFD and nested RT-PCR, but it was 100-times more sensitive than RT-PCR methods. This assay can be adapted easily for rapid detection of other shrimp infectious diseases agents at low-cost with robust reagents and using a simple colorimetric detection method. PMID:23876366

Arunrut, Narong; Kampeera, Jantana; Suebsing, Rungkarn; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

2013-11-01

286

[Establish and optimization of real-time fluorescent reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of avian influenza H5 hemagglutinin gene].  

PubMed

H5 subtype avian influenza (AIV-H5) is a major causative agent of animalloimia a rapid and sensitive molecular biological diagnosis is crucial to the control program of AIV-H5. AIV-H5 real-time fluorescent reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (qRT-LAMP) was established by means of heat treatment of the samples. The sensitivity, specificity and repeatability of this method were assessed and the performance of Calcein,SYBR Green I,HNB,SYTO 81 in colorimetric detection was comparatively analyzed to screen the optimum dye. The results showed the sensitivity of this method was 100 times higher than that of standard real-time fluorescent RT-PCR, and the detection limit was one copy of the gene per reaction. This method had no cross-reactivity with other common avian respiratory tract infectious disease-related pathogens such as IBV and NDV. The present study suggested Calcein was the optimum dye. Small-scale tests suggested this method was reliable for survey monitoring of AIV-H5 on the spot, indicating its potential applications in field investigation. PMID:24386836

Liu, Yun; Tang, Jin-ming; Tao, Hong; Sun, Jie; Lu, Ti-kang; Liao, Li-shan; Liu, Jian-li; Zeng, Shao-ling; Cao, Chen-fu; Zhang, Cai-hong; Ruan, Zhou-xi; Lv, Jian-qiang; Yang, Jun-xing; Hua, Qun-yi; Chen, Zheng-li; Qin, Zhi-feng

2013-09-01

287

A Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay for Strongyloides stercoralis in Stool That Uses a Visual Detection Method with SYTO-82 Fluorescent Dye  

PubMed Central

An assay to detect Strongyloides stercoralis in stool specimens was developed using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. Primers were based on the 28S ribosomal subunit gene. The reaction conditions were optimized and SYTO-82 fluorescent dye was used to allow real-time and visual detection of the product. The product identity was confirmed with restriction enzyme digestion, cloning, and sequence analysis. The assay was specific when tested against DNA from bacteria, fungi and parasites, and 30 normal stool samples. Analytical sensitivity was to < 10 copies of target sequence in a plasmid and up to a 10-2 dilution of DNA extracted from a Strongyloides ratti larva spiked into stool. Sensitivity was increased when further dilutions were made in water, indicative of reduced reaction inhibition. Twenty-seven of 28 stool samples microscopy and polymerase chain reaction positive for S. stercoralis were positive with the LAMP method. On the basis of these findings, the assay warrants further clinical validation. PMID:24323513

Watts, Matthew R.; James, Gregory; Sultana, Yasmin; Ginn, Andrew N.; Outhred, Alexander C.; Kong, Fanrong; Verweij, Jaco J.; Iredell, Jonathan R.; Chen, Sharon C-A.; Lee, Rogan

2014-01-01

288

Development and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for rapid detection of Clonorchis sinensis from its first intermediate hosts, freshwater snails.  

PubMed

Clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis, is a key foodborne zoonosis, which is mainly found in China, Korea and Vietnam. Detection of this parasite from the second intermediate host, the freshwater fish is the common method for epidemiological surveys of this parasite, but is time consuming, labour intensive and easily leads to misdiagnosis. In this study, we have developed a rapid, sensitive and reliable molecular method for the diagnosis of C. sinensis from its first intermediate hosts, freshwater snails, based on a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. The specific amplified fragment from genomic DNA of C. sinensis did not cross-react with those from other relevant trematodes and a range of hosts (freshwater fish, shrimps and snails) of C. sinensis living in similar environments. The detection limit of the LAMP method was as low as 10 fg which was 1000 times more sensitive than conventional PCR, which was also demonstrated by successful application to field samples. These results show that the LAMP method is a more sensitive tool than conventional PCR for the detection of C. sinensis infection in the first intermediate hosts and, due to a simpler protocol, is an ideal molecular method for field-based epidemiological surveys of this parasite. PMID:23870065

Chen, Y; Wen, T; Lai, D-H; Wen, Y-Z; Wu, Z-D; Yang, T-B; Yu, X-B; Hide, G; Lun, Z-R

2013-09-01

289

Colorimetric Method of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification with the Pre-Addition of Calcein for Detecting Flavobacterium columnare and its Assessment in Tilapia Farms.  

PubMed

Abstract Flavobacterium columnare, the causative agent of columnaris disease in fish, affects many economically important freshwater fish species. A colorimetric method of loop-mediated isothermal amplification with the pre-addition of calcein (LAMP-calcein) was developed and used to detect the presence of F. columnare in farmed tilapia (Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and red tilapia [Nile Tilapia × Mozambique Tilapia O. mossambicus]) and rearing water. The detection method, based on a change in color from orange to green, could be performed within 45 min at 63°C. The method was highly specific, as it had no cross-detections with 14 other bacterial species, including other fish pathogens and two Flavobacterium species. The method has a minimum detection limit of 2.2 × 10(2) F. columnare CFU; thus, it is about 10 times more sensitive than conventional PCR. With this method, F. columnare was detected in gonad, gill, and blood samples from apparently healthy tilapia broodstock as well as in samples of fertilized eggs, newly hatched fry, and rearing water. The bacteria isolated from the blood were further characterized biochemically and found to be phenotypically identical to F. columnare. The amplified products from the LAMP-calcein method had 97% homology with the DNA sequence of F. columnare. Received May 21, 2014; accepted August 10, 2014. PMID:25584663

Suebsing, Rungkarn; Kampeera, Jantana; Sirithammajak, Sarawut; Withyachumnarnkul, Boonsirm; Turner, Warren; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

2015-03-01

290

Visual detection and evaluation of latent and lytic gene expression during Epstein-Barr virus infection using one-step reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease exhibits distinct gene expression patterns characterized by the transcription of EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1, EBNA2, latent membrane protein (LMP) 1, LMP2A, and BZLF1 (Zebra). A series of visual reverse transcript loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays were performed to examine the expression of EBNA1, EBNA2, LMP1, LMP2A and BZLF1. The sensitivity of RT-LAMP for these transcripts was approximately equivalent to real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR), which was developed to quantify relative levels of EBV transcripts, and 10 to 100-fold more sensitive than conventional RT-PCR. Cross-reactions to other viruses were not observed upon examination of cell lines infected with herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2 (HSV-1 and -2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) or Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. When applied to 146 specimens, RT-LAMP exhibited high clinical sensitivity and specificity, with an excellent agreement (? > 0.92) compared to RT-qPCR. These assays are convenient for rapid early diagnosis and for surveillance of EBV-infected individuals by evaluating the EBV transcriptional profile, because the results can be visualized with the naked eye. These assays may be employed in further investigations because they can aid the design of improved therapeutic regimens and can be used specifically in resource-poor settings. PMID:24351866

Liu, Xiaoying; Tang, Jingfeng; Wang, Man; Ma, Qiang; Wang, Yefu

2013-01-01

291

Visual Detection and Evaluation of Latent and Lytic Gene Expression during Epstein-Barr Virus Infection Using One-Step Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification  

PubMed Central

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease exhibits distinct gene expression patterns characterized by the transcription of EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1, EBNA2, latent membrane protein (LMP) 1, LMP2A, and BZLF1 (Zebra). A series of visual reverse transcript loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays were performed to examine the expression of EBNA1, EBNA2, LMP1, LMP2A and BZLF1. The sensitivity of RT-LAMP for these transcripts was approximately equivalent to real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR), which was developed to quantify relative levels of EBV transcripts, and 10 to 100-fold more sensitive than conventional RT-PCR. Cross-reactions to other viruses were not observed upon examination of cell lines infected with herpes simplex viruses-1 and -2 (HSV-1 and -2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) or Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. When applied to 146 specimens, RT-LAMP exhibited high clinical sensitivity and specificity, with an excellent agreement (? > 0.92) compared to RT-qPCR. These assays are convenient for rapid early diagnosis and for surveillance of EBV-infected individuals by evaluating the EBV transcriptional profile, because the results can be visualized with the naked eye. These assays may be employed in further investigations because they can aid the design of improved therapeutic regimens and can be used specifically in resource-poor settings. PMID:24351866

Liu, Xiaoying; Tang, Jingfeng; Wang, Man; Ma, Qiang; Wang, Yefu

2013-01-01

292

Visual Detection of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Genotypes 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification with Hydroxynaphthol Blue Dye?  

PubMed Central

A simple, rapid, sensitive, qualitative, colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with hydroxynaphthol blue dye (HNB) was established to detect high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58. All initial validation studies with the control DNA proved to be type specific. The colorimetric type-specific LAMP assay could achieve a sensitivity of 10 to 100 copies at 63°C for 65 min, comparable to that of real-time PCR. In order to evaluate the reliability of HPV type-specific LAMP, the assay was further evaluated with HPV DNAs from a panel of 294 clinical specimens whose HPV status was previously determined with a novel one-step typing method with multiplex PCR. The tested panel comprised 108 HPV DNA-negative samples and 186 HPV-DNA-positive samples of 14 genotypes. The results showed that the sensitivity of HPV type-specific LAMP for HPV types 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 was 100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, and 100%, respectively, and the specificity was 100%, 98.5%, 100%, 98.8%, and 99.2%, respectively, compared with a novel one-step typing method with multiplex PCR. No cross-reactivity with other HPV genotypes was observed. In conclusion, this qualitative and colorimetric LAMP assay has potential usefulness for the rapid screening of HPV genotype 16, 18, 45, 52, and 58 infections, especially in resource-limited hospitals or rural clinics of provincial and municipal regions in China. PMID:21865423

Luo, Le; Nie, Kai; Yang, Meng-Jie; Wang, Miao; Li, Jin; Zhang, Chen; Liu, Hong-Tu; Ma, Xue-Jun

2011-01-01

293

Rapid and simple detection of Japanese encephalitis virus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick.  

PubMed

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a major cause of viral encephalitis in geographical areas, such as Asia and Western Pacific, where it is a threat to human and animal health. To control this disease, it is necessary to develop a rapid, simple, accurate method for diagnosis. In this study, a method based on reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) coupled with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) has been developed to detect JEV (JEV RT-LAMP-LFD). The entire assay can be completed within 70min, and in this study, no false positive results were observed when other pathogens were tested, indicating that the assay is a highly specific method for the detection of JEV. Additionally, the sensitivity of the RT-LAMP-LFD assay for SA14-14-2 strain was 50pg of RNA, which was similar to that of RT-PCR and RT-LAMP combined with gel electrophoresis, and was 10-fold more sensitive than RT-LAMP combined with calcein. The limit of detection for this assay was 5pg of RNA. In addition, no false positive results were obtained with 14 serum samples. Our results indicate that this RT-LAMP-LFD assay will be of great value for JEV infection testing due to its rapid and highly specific and sensitive properties. PMID:25512133

Deng, Jieru; Pei, Jingjing; Gou, Hongchao; Ye, Zuodong; Liu, Cuicui; Chen, Jinding

2015-03-01

294

Development and Evaluation of a Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus in Clinical Specimens?  

PubMed Central

This paper reports on the development and validation of a real-time reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RT-LAMP) targeting the genomic large RNA segment of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). The set of six designed RT-LAMP primers identified strains of RVFV isolated in geographically distinct areas over a period of 50 years; there was no cross-reactivity with other genetically related and unrelated arboviruses. When testing serial sera and plasma from sheep experimentally infected with wild-type RVFV, there was 100% agreement between results of the RT-LAMP, a TaqMan-based real-time PCR, and virus isolation. Similarly, the assay had very high levels of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity when testing various clinical specimens from humans and animals naturally infected with the virus during recent outbreaks of the disease in Africa. The detection of specific viral genome targets in positive clinical specimens was achieved in less than 30 min. As a highly accurate, rapid, and very simple nucleic acid detection format, the RT-LAMP has the potential to be used in less-well-equipped laboratories in Africa and as a portable device during RVF outbreaks in remote areas, and it can be a valuable tool for the differential diagnosis of viral hemorrhagic fevers. PMID:19109471

Le Roux, C. A.; Kubo, T.; Grobbelaar, A. A.; van Vuren, P. Jansen; Weyer, J.; Nel, L. H.; Swanepoel, R.; Morita, K.; Paweska, J. T.

2009-01-01

295

Development of reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus.  

PubMed

BackgroundThe emerged human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) virus in China since 2013 has aroused global concerns. There is great demand for simple and rapid diagnostic method for early detection of H7N9 to provide timely treatment and disease control. The aim of the current study was to develop a rapid, accurate and feasible reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for detection of H7N9 virus.ResultsThe detection limits of the H7- and N9-specific RT-LAMP assay were both approximately 0.2 PFU per reaction. No cross-reactivity was observed with other subtype of influenza viruses or common respiratory viral pathogens. The assay worked well with clinical specimens from patients and chickens, and exhibited high specificity and sensitivity.ConclusionsThe H7/N9 specific RT-LAMP assay was sensitive and accurate, which could be a useful alternative in clinical diagnostics of influenza A (H7N9) virus, especially in the hospitals and laboratories without sophisticated diagnostic systems. PMID:25394781

Liu, Juan; Nian, Qing-Gong; Li, Jing; Hu, Yi; Li, Xiao-Feng; Zhang, Yu; Deng, Yong-Qiang; Zhu, Shun-Ya; Zhu, Qing-Yu; Qin, E-De; Jiang, Tao; Qin, Cheng-Feng

2014-11-14

296

Application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay combined with lateral flow dipstick for detection of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.  

PubMed

Malaria is largely a preventable and curable disease. However, a delay or an inappropriate treatment can result in serious adverse outcomes for patient. Rapid, simple and cost-effective diagnostic tests that can be easily adapted and rapidly scaled-up at the field or community levels are needed. In this study, accelerated detection methods for the Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) and Plasmodium vivax (Pv) dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase were developed based on the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. The developed methods included the use of species-specific biotinylated primers to amplify LAMP amplicons, which were then hybridized to specific FITC-labeled DNA probes and visualized on a chromatographic lateral flow dipstick (LFD). The total LAMP-LFD assay time was approximately 1.5h. The LAMP-LFD assays showed similar detection limit to conventional PCR assay when performed on plasmid DNA carrying the malaria dhfr-ts genes. The LAMP-LFD showed 10 folds higher detection limit than PCR when performed on genomic DNA samples from Pf and Pv parasites. The dhfr-ts LAMP-LFD assays also have the advantages of reduced assay time and easy format for interpretation of results. PMID:25038579

Yongkiettrakul, Suganya; Jaroenram, Wansadaj; Arunrut, Narong; Chareanchim, Wanwisa; Pannengpetch, Supicha; Suebsing, Rungkarn; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika; Pornthanakasem, Wichai; Yuthavong, Yongyuth; Kongkasuriyachai, Darin

2014-12-01

297

Visual detection of canine parvovirus based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and with lateral flow dipstick.  

PubMed

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (LAMP-ELISA) and with lateral flow dipstick (LAMP-LFD) are rapid, sensitive and specific methods for the visual detection of clinical pathogens. In this study, LAMP-ELISA and LAMP-LFD were developed for the visual detection of canine parvovirus (CPV). For LAMP, a set of four primers (biotin-labeled forward inner primers) was designed to specifically amplify a region of the VP2 gene of CPV. The optimum time and temperature for LAMP were 60 min and 65°C, respectively. The specific capture oligonucleotide probes, biotin-labeled CPV probe for LAMP-ELISA and fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled CPV probe for LAMP-LFD were also designed for hybridization with LAMP amplicons on streptavidin-coated wells and LFD strips, respectively. For the comparison of detection sensitivity, conventional PCR and LAMP for CPV detection were also performed. The CPV detection limits by PCR, PCR-ELISA, LAMP, LAMP-ELISA and LAMP-LFD were 10(2), 10(2), 10(-1), 10(-1) and 10(-1) TCID50/ml, respectively. In tests using artificially contaminated dog fecal samples, the samples with CPV inoculation levels of ?1 TCID50/ml gave positive results by both LAMP-ELISA and LAMP-LFD. Our data indicated that both LAMP-ELISA and LAMP-LFD are promising as rapid, sensitive and specific methods for an efficient diagnosis of CPV infection. PMID:24334855

Sun, Yu-Ling; Yen, Chon-Ho; Tu, Ching-Fu

2014-04-01

298

The detection of T-Nos, a genetic element present in GMOs, by cross-priming isothermal amplification with real-time fluorescence.  

PubMed

An isothermal cross-priming amplification (CPA) assay for Agrobacterium tumefaciens nopaline synthase terminator (T-Nos) was established and investigated in this work. A set of six specific primers, recognizing eight distinct regions on the T-Nos sequence, was designed. The CPA assay was performed at a constant temperature, 63 °C, and detected by real-time fluorescence. The results indicated that real-time fluorescent CPA had high specificity, and the limit of detection was 1.06?×?10(3) copies of rice genomic DNA, which could be detected in 40 min. Comparison of real-time fluorescent CPA and conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was also performed. Results revealed that real-time fluorescent CPA had a comparable sensitivity to conventional real-time PCR and had taken a shorter time. In addition, different contents of genetically modified (GM)-contaminated rice seed powder samples were detected for practical application. The result showed real-time fluorescent CPA could detect 0.5 % GM-contaminated samples at least, and the whole reaction could be finished in 35 min. Real-time fluorescent CPA is sensitive enough to monitor labeling systems and provides an attractive method for the detection of GMO. PMID:24748469

Zhang, Fang; Wang, Liu; Fan, Kai; Wu, Jian; Ying, Yibin

2014-05-01

299

Sensitive and rapid detection of campylobacter species from stools of children with diarrhea in Japan by the loop-mediated isothermal amplification method.  

PubMed

We detected Campylobacter spp. in 5% (20/380) of diarrheal stool samples collected at an outpatient clinic in Kyoto using a commercial loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) kit with a fluorescent detection reagent after DNA extraction. The sensitivity and specificity were 100% in comparison with those of semi-nested PCR for the differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Fourteen of the 20 samples were already determined as C. jejuni by the culture method. All 20 samples were also positive for C. jejuni by the PCR method. Among the 58 cultured samples, the sensitivity of the culture method against the LAMP method was 93.3% (14/15) and the specificity was 100% (43/43). The detection rate of Campylobacter spp. from the heated supernatants by the LAMP method was lower than that from the supernatant after DNA extraction. In total, 25% (5/20) of the Campylobacter-positive samples by the LAMP method were co-infected with norovirus (3/20), rotavirus (1/20), and human parechovirus (1/20), although no other bacterial co-infection was identified by the culture method. C. jejuni was mostly detected in children aged >5 years throughout the year. Based on these results, we concluded that care should be taken while diagnosing Campylobacter infection in children. Our newly modified LAMP method is a rapid, easy, and useful method for this diagnosis. PMID:25241688

Ushijima, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Shuichi; Thongprachum, Aksara; Shimizu-Onda, Yuko; Tran, Dinh Nguyen; Pham, Ngan Thi Kim; Takanashi, Sayaka; Dey, Shuvra Kanti; Okitsu, Shoko; Yamazaki, Wataru; Mizuguchi, Masashi; Hayakawa, Satoshi

2014-01-01

300

Development and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid identification of aflatoxigenic molds and their detection in food samples.  

PubMed

Aflatoxins are the most thoroughly studied mycotoxins. They are produced by several members of the genus Aspergillus in section Flavi with Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Aspergillus nomius being frequently isolated from contaminated food sources. In this work, we describe the development and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for rapid detection of the three species in separate analyses. The acl1-gene of A. flavus and amy1-genes of A. nomius and A. parasiticus were used as target genes. The detection limits were 2.4, 7.6 and 20pg of pure DNA/reaction for A. flavus, A. nomius and A. parasiticus, respectively. For specificity testing, DNA extracted from mycelia of representative strains of 39 Aspergillus species, 23 Penicillium species, 75 Fusarium species and 37 other fungal species was used as a template for the specific LAMP primer sets developed for the three target species. The LAMP assay was combined with a DNA extraction method for the analysis of pure fungal cultures as well as artificially contaminated Brazil nuts, peanuts and green coffee beans. It is suggested that the developed LAMP assay is a promising tool in the prediction of a potential aflatoxin risk in food and food raw materials and may therefore be suitable for high throughput analysis in the food industry. PMID:23107500

Luo, Jie; Vogel, Rudi F; Niessen, Ludwig

2012-10-15

301

Visual Detection of Canine Parvovirus Based on Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Combined with Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay and with Lateral Flow Dipstick  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (LAMP–ELISA) and with lateral flow dipstick (LAMP–LFD) are rapid, sensitive and specific methods for the visual detection of clinical pathogens. In this study, LAMP–ELISA and LAMP–LFD were developed for the visual detection of canine parvovirus (CPV). For LAMP, a set of four primers (biotin-labeled forward inner primers) was designed to specifically amplify a region of the VP2 gene of CPV. The optimum time and temperature for LAMP were 60 min and 65°C, respectively. The specific capture oligonucleotide probes, biotin-labeled CPV probe for LAMP–ELISA and fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled CPV probe for LAMP–LFD were also designed for hybridization with LAMP amplicons on streptavidin-coated wells and LFD strips, respectively. For the comparison of detection sensitivity, conventional PCR and LAMP for CPV detection were also performed. The CPV detection limits by PCR, PCR–ELISA, LAMP, LAMP–ELISA and LAMP–LFD were 102, 102, 10?1, 10?1 and 10?1 TCID50/ml, respectively. In tests using artificially contaminated dog fecal samples, the samples with CPV inoculation levels of ?1 TCID50/ml gave positive results by both LAMP–ELISA and LAMP–LFD. Our data indicated that both LAMP–ELISA and LAMP–LFD are promising as rapid, sensitive and specific methods for an efficient diagnosis of CPV infection. PMID:24334855

SUN, Yu-Ling; YEN, Chon-Ho; TU, Ching-Fu

2013-01-01

302

Visual detection of white spot syndrome virus using DNA-functionalized gold nanoparticles as probes combined with loop-mediated isothermal amplification.  

PubMed

The integration of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and DNA-functionalized AuNPs as visual detection probes (LAMP-AuNPs) was developed and applied for the detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) from Penaeid shrimp in this study. The principle of this combination assay relies on the basis of stability characteristics of the DNA-functionalized AuNPs upon hybridization with the complementary target DNA toward salt-induced aggregation. If the detected target DNA is not complementary to the ssDNA probes, the DNA-functionalized AuNPs will be aggregated due to the screening effect of salt, resulting in the change of solution color from red to blue/gray and shift of the surface plasmon peak to longer wavelength. While the DNA-functionalized AuNPs are perfectly matched to the detected target DNA, the color of solution still remains red in color and no surface plasmon spectral shift. This assay provides simply technique, time-saving and its detection results could be achieved qualitatively and quantitatively by visualization using the naked eye due to the colorimetric change and by measurement using the UV-vis spectroscopy due to the surface plasmon spectral shift, respectively. In this study, LAMP-AuNPs assay was successfully developed with the detection of WSSV-LAMP generated product at 0.03 ?g/reaction, and showed the sensitivity of 2 × 10(2) copies WSSV plasmid DNA, that is comparable to the most sensitive method reported to date. The LAMP-AuNPs assay described in this study revealed a highly sensitive, rapid and reliable diagnostic protocol for detection of WSSV. This technique has a potential as a routine method for assessing the infectious diseases in Penaeid shrimp not only for WSSV, but also for other shrimp pathogens, and can be useful tool in field conditions for the diagnosis or surveillance programs. PMID:23211683

Seetang-Nun, Yortyot; Jaroenram, Wansadaj; Sriurairatana, Siriporn; Suebsing, Rungkarn; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

2013-04-01

303

Evaluation of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Suite for the Rapid, Reliable, and Robust Detection of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Produce  

PubMed Central

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are a leading cause of produce-associated outbreaks in the United States. Rapid, reliable, and robust detection methods are needed to better ensure produce safety. We recently developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) suite for STEC detection. In this study, the STEC LAMP suite was comprehensively evaluated against real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) using a large panel of bacterial strains (n = 156) and various produce items (several varieties of lettuce, spinach, and sprouts). To simulate real-world contamination events, produce samples were surface inoculated with a low level (1.2 to 1.8 CFU/25 g) of individual STEC strains belonging to seven serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157) and held at 4°C for 48 h before testing. Six DNA extraction methods were also compared using produce enrichment broths. All STEC targets and their subtypes were accurately detected by the LAMP suite. The detection limits were 1 to 20 cells per reaction in pure culture and 105 to 106 CFU per 25 g (i.e., 103 to 104 CFU per g) in produce, except for strains harboring the stx2c, eae-?, and eae-? subtypes. After 6 to 8 h of enrichment, the LAMP suite achieved accurate detection of low levels of STEC strains of various stx2 and eae subtypes in lettuce and spinach varieties but not in sprouts. A similar trend of detection was observed for qPCR. The PrepMan Ultra sample preparation reagent yielded the best results among the six DNA extraction methods. This research provided a rapid, reliable, and robust method for detecting STEC in produce during routine sampling and testing. The challenge with sprouts detection by both LAMP and qPCR calls for special attention to further analysis. PMID:24509927

Wang, Fei; Yang, Qianru; Qu, Yinzhi; Meng, Jianghong

2014-01-01

304

Visual endpoint detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 using isothermal Genome Exponential Amplification Reaction (GEAR) assay and malachite green.  

PubMed

Rapid and specific detection methods for bacterial agents in drinking water are important for disease prevention and responding to suspected contamination events. In this study, an isothermal Genome Exponential Amplification Reaction (GEAR) assay for Escherichia coli O157:H7 was designed specifically to recognize a 199-bp fragment of the lipopolysaccharide gene (rfbE) for rapid testing of water samples. The GEAR assay was found to be specific for E. coli O157:H7 using 10 isolates of E. coli O157:H7 and a panel of 86 bacterial controls. The GEAR assay was performed at a constant temperature of 65°C using SYTO 9 intercalating dye. Detection limits were determined to be 20 CFU for the GEAR assay. When SYTO 9 fluorescence was measured using a real-time PCR instrument, the assay had the same detection limit as when malachite green was added to the reaction mix and a characteristic blue color was visually observed in positive reactions. The study also found that 50 and 20 CFU of E. coli O157:H7 seeded into 100-liter of tap water could be detected by the GEAR assays after the sample was concentrated by hollow-fiber ultrafiltration (HFUF) and approximately 10% of HFUF concentrate was cultured using trypticase soy broth-novobiocin. When applied to 19 surface water samples collected from Tennessee and Kentucky, the GEAR assay and a published real-time PCR assay both detected E. coli O157:H7 in two of the samples. The results of this study indicate that the GEAR assay can be sensitive for rapid detection of E. coli O157:H7 in water samples using fluorometric instruments and visual endpoint determination. PMID:24424127

Jothikumar, Prithiviraj; Narayanan, Jothikumar; Hill, Vincent R

2014-03-01

305

Molecular Evidence of Infections with Babesia gibsoni Parasites in Japan and Evaluation of the Diagnostic Potential of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method  

PubMed Central

Detection and analysis of Babesia gibsoni infection were performed with whole-blood samples collected between July 2002 and July 2003 from 945 and 137 dogs from the Aomori and Okinawa Prefectures of Japan, respectively, by PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). On the basis of the criterion for positivity by PCR, 3.9% (37 of 945) and 10.9% (15 of 137) of the dogs had B. gibsoni DNA. All 37 positive animals from Aomori Prefecture were male Tosa dogs (Japanese mastiff). The 15 dogs from Okinawa Prefecture with positive PCR assay results were of various breeds, ages, and sexes. The 18S ribosomal DNA (18S rDNA) sequences from all samples showed 100% homology to each other and to published B. gibsoni sequences. The limits of detection of B. gibsoni parasitemia by the PCR and LAMP methods with an 18S rDNA-based primer set were 0.0005% each. A comparison of the PCR and LAMP methods with microscopic examination for the detection of B. gibsoni infections in blood samples from 945 field dogs in Aomori Prefecture and 137 field dogs in Okinawa Prefecture showed that 37 and 15 dogs, respectively, were positive by the PCR and LAMP methods and that 16 and 12 dogs, respectively, were positive by light microscopic examination. All samples found to be positive by microscopic examination were also positive by the PCR and LAMP methods. The results of the PCR and LAMP methods agreed for samples with positive results by either method. Moreover, nonspecific reactions were not observed by the LAMP method. These results suggest that the LAMP method provides a useful tool for the detection of B. gibsoni infections in dogs. PMID:15184421

Ikadai, Hiromi; Tanaka, Hiroko; Shibahara, Nona; Matsuu, Aya; Uechi, Masami; Itoh, Naoyuki; Oshiro, Sugao; Kudo, Noboru; Igarashi, Ikuo; Oyamada, Takashi

2004-01-01

306

Improvement of the quantitation method for the tdh+ Vibrio parahaemolyticus in molluscan shellfish based on most-probable- number, immunomagnetic separation, and loop-mediated isothermal amplification  

PubMed Central

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a marine microorganism that can cause seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans. The infection can be spread and has become a pandemic through the international trade of contaminated seafood. Strains carrying the tdh gene encoding the thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) and/or the trh gene encoding the TDH-related hemolysin (TRH) are considered to be pathogenic with the former gene being the most frequently found in clinical strains. However, their distribution frequency in environmental isolates is below 1%. Thus, very sensitive methods are required for detection and quantitation of tdh+ strains in seafood. We previously reported a method to detect and quantify tdh+ V. parahaemolyticus in seafood. This method consists of three components: the most-probable-number (MPN), the immunomagnetic separation (IMS) targeting all established K antigens, and the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) targeting the tdh gene. However, this method faces regional issues in tropical zones of the world. Technicians have difficulties in securing dependable reagents in high-temperature climates where we found MPN underestimation in samples having tdh+ strains as well as other microorganisms present at high concentrations. In the present study, we solved the underestimation problem associated with the salt polymyxin broth enrichment for the MPN component and with the immunomagnetic bead-target association for the IMS component. We also improved the supply and maintenance of the dependable reagents by introducing a dried reagent system to the LAMP component. The modified method is specific, sensitive, quick and easy and applicable regardless of the concentrations of tdh+ V. parahaemolyticus. Therefore, we conclude this modified method is useful in world tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate zones.

Escalante-Maldonado, Oscar; Kayali, Ahmad Y.; Yamazaki, Wataru; Vuddhakul, Varaporn; Nakaguchi, Yoshitsugu; Nishibuchi, Mitsuaki

2015-01-01

307

Evaluation of real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RealAmp) for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum samples.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) leads to serious health problems as a chronic respiratory infectious disease. Here we established a real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RealAmp) using a portable ESE Quant tube scanner as a convenient rapid detection method for MTB. The method efficacy from sputum samples was further investigated, and the reaction time was only 20min with the detection limit low to 10(2)CFU/ml concentration of MTB. We assessed a total of 1067 samples by the RealAmp assay, comparing the results with smear microscopy and conventional culture methods. To examine whether the failure to detect TB by culturing is due to low sensitivity or true absence, we examined the culture negative samples by commercial real time PCR MTB detection kit, and the results were compared with RealAmp. The data showed that RealAmp assay had a higher positive rate than that of sputum smear and culture methods. RealAmp had a sensitivity of 96.70% and a specificity of 91.55% when compared with culture. In addition, its sensitivity and specificity were 95.29% and 86.88% respectively compared with examination of smear samples using light microscopy. The sensitivity of RealAmp in comparison to real time PCR was 98.25% and specificity was 99.11% in validation of culture negative samples. The present study revealed the newly established RealAmp assay as a convenient, efficient, sensitive and specific method that could be an alternative for rapid detection of MTB and a tool to validate culture and smear negative samples. Furthermore, the portability of the ESE Quant tube scanner also contributed to the promising application for grassroots and field detection of MTB. PMID:24968954

Li, Yiming; Shi, Lei; Pan, Anqi; Cao, Weiwei; Chen, Xun; Meng, Hecheng; Yan, He; Miyoshi, Shin-ichi; Ye, Lei

2014-09-01

308

Real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for group specific detection of important trichothecene producing Fusarium species in wheat.  

PubMed

Trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivaneol (DON), nivalenol (NIV) and T2-Toxin are produced by a variety of Fusarium spp. on cereals in the field and may be ingested by consumption of commodities and products made thereof. The toxins inhibit eukaryotic protein biosynthesis and may thus impair human and animal health. Aimed at rapid and sensitive detection of the most important trichothecene producing Fusarium spp. in a single analysis, a real-time duplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was set up. Two sets of LAMP primers were designed independently to amplify a partial sequence of the tri6 gene in Fusarium (F.) graminearum and of the tri5 gene in Fusarium sporotrichioides, respectively. Each of the two sets detected a limited number of the established trichothecene producing Fusarium-species. However, combination of the two sets in one duplex assay enabled detection of F. graminearum, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium cerealis, F. sporotrichioides, Fusarium langsethiae and Fusarium poae in a group specific manner. No cross reactions were detected with purified DNA from 127 other fungal species or with cereal DNA. To demonstrate the usefulness of the assay, 100 wheat samples collected from all over the German state of Bavaria were analyzed for the trichothecene mycotoxin DON by HPLC and for the presence of trichothecene producers by the new real-time duplex LAMP assay in parallel analyses. The LAMP assay showed positive results for all samples with a DON concentration exceeding 163ppb. The major advantage of the duplex LAMP assay is that the presence of six of the major trichothecene producing Fusarium spp. can be detected in a rapid and user-friendly manner with only one single assay. To our knowledge this is the first report of the use of a multiplex LAMP assay for fungal organisms. PMID:24631635

Denschlag, Carla; Rieder, Johann; Vogel, Rudi F; Niessen, Ludwig

2014-05-01

309

Pepino mosaic virus genotype shift in North America and development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid genotype identification  

PubMed Central

Background Pepino mosaic, once an emerging disease a decade ago, has become endemic on greenhouse tomatoes worldwide in recent years. Three distinct genotypes of Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV), including EU, US1 and CH2 have been recognized. Our earlier study conducted in 2006–2007 demonstrated a predominant EU genotype in Canada and United States. The objective of the present study was to monitor the dynamic of PepMV genetic composition and its current status in North America. Results Through yearly monitoring efforts in 2009–2012, we detected a dramatic shift in the prevalent genotype of PepMV from the genotype EU to CH2 in North America since early 2010, with another shift from CH2 to US1 occurring in Mexico only two years later. Through genetic diversity analysis using the coat protein gene, such genotype shifting of PepMV in North America was linked to the positive identification of similar sequence variants in two different commercial tomato seed sources used for scion and rootstock, respectively. To allow for a quick identification, a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) system was developed and demonstrated to achieve a rapid identification for each of the three genotypes of PepMV, EU, US1 and CH2. Conclusion Through systemic yearly monitoring and genetic diversity analysis, we identified a linkage between the field epidemic isolates and those from commercial tomato seed lots as the likely sources of initial PepMV inoculum that resulted in genetic shifting as observed on greenhouse tomatoes in North America. Application of the genotype-specific RT-LAMP system would allow growers to efficiently determine the genetic diversity on their crops. PMID:23587202

2013-01-01

310

Development of a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for detecting nervous necrosis virus in olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus.  

PubMed

In this study, a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive detection of nervous necrosis virus (NNV) in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, in Korea. A set of six specific primers was designed to target the RNA 2 gene encoding the coat protein of Korean NNV strains. The RT-LAMP reaction successfully detected NNV after 30 min at 65 degrees C. When the sensitivities among RT-LAMP, RT-PCR, and nested RTPCR were compared, the RT-LAMP was shown to be able to detect the RNA template at 2.58 × 10(-2) TCID50/ml, whereas the RT-PCR and nested RT-PCR were only able to detect the RNA template at 2.58 × 10(2) TCID50/ml and 2.58 TCID50/ml, respectively. Thus, the sensitivity of the RT-LAMP assay was higher than those of the RT-PCR assays. In the specificity test of the RT-LAMP, 2 genotypes of NNVs (SJNNV and RGNNV) were positive; however, no other fish viruses were positive with the primers, indicating that the RT-LAMP assay is only specific to NNV. A total of 102 olive flounder were collected from hatcheries between 2009 and 2011. The occurrence of NNV in olive flounder was determined to be 53.9% (55/ 102) by the RT-LAMP. On the other hand, the prevalence based on the nested RT-PCR and RT-PCR results was 33.8% (34/102) and 20.6% (21/102), respectively. This result indicates that the RT-LAMP assay developed in this study is suitable for early field diagnosis of NNV with high sensitivity. PMID:22580323

Suebsing, Rungkarn; Oh, Myung-Joo; Kim, Jeong-Ho

2012-07-01

311

Development and evaluation of a one step reverse transcription-loop mediated isothermal amplification assay (RT-LAMP) for rapid detection of foot and mouth disease virus in India.  

PubMed

A simple, rapid and sensitive diagnostic assay for Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is required for deployment in the field. In this study, development of Reverse Transcription-Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) assay based on the 3D polymerase gene for specific and rapid detection FMD virus (FMDV) was carried out. The assay was optimised with viral RNA extracted from serotype O, A and Asia 1 FMDV vaccine strains, which resulted a reliable amplification at 65 °C for 60 min. The amplified RT-LAMP products were identified by agarose gel electrophoresis with ethidium bromide staining or observation by naked eye for the presence of turbidity and colour change following the addition of hydroxyl naphthol blue (HNB). The specificity of the assay was demonstrated by the absence of amplification of genome extracted from other viruses or cellular origin. With respect to analytical sensitivity the developed RT-LAMP assay was found more sensitive than routinely used multiplex PCR (mPCR). Further, the assay was evaluated with RNA extracted from cell cultured isolates (n = 50), tongue epithelial samples (n = 150) and semen samples from infected bulls (n = 13). In conclusion, RT-LAMP with HNB dye was shown to be simple, specific and sensitive assay for rapid diagnosis of FMDV infection. Further, the assay has the potential for field deployment and use for rapid FMDV surveillance in India. PMID:25674604

Ranjan, Rajeev; Kangayan, Muniswamy; Subramaniam, Saravanan; Mohapatra, Jajati K; Biswal, Jitendra K; Sharma, Gaurav K; Sanyal, Aniket; Pattnaik, Bramhadev

2014-01-01

312

Evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus important bacterial pathogen Edwardsiella ictaluri.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus infected with Edwardsiella ictaluri results in $40 - 50 million annual losses in profits to catfish producers. Early detection of this pathogen is necessary for disease control and reduction of economic loss. In this communication, the loop-mediated isothermal a...

313

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Method for Detecting Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus and Analysis of Its Use with Three Simple Methods of Extracting DNA from Equine Respiratory Tract Specimens  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) is a dominant pathogenic bacterium in equine pneumonia. We developed a specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, which targets the gene encoding sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase (sorD), for detecting S. zooepidemicus and examined the clinical efficacies of its use in combination with each of 3 DNA extraction methods easily used by veterinary practitioners, namely the Loopamp PURE DNA Extraction Kit, InstaGene Matrix and a conventional boiling method. The LAMP method plus the Loopamp PURE DNA Extraction Kit gave higher rates of positivity than the other combinations in both clinical and spiked samples containing clinically significant concentrations (>1 × 104 CFU/ml) of S. zooepidemicus. PMID:24871644

KINOSHITA, Yuta; NIWA, Hidekazu; KATAYAMA, Yoshinari

2014-01-01

314

Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for detecting Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus and analysis of its use with three simple methods of extracting DNA from equine respiratory tract specimens.  

PubMed

Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) is a dominant pathogenic bacterium in equine pneumonia. We developed a specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, which targets the gene encoding sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase (sorD), for detecting S. zooepidemicus and examined the clinical efficacies of its use in combination with each of 3 DNA extraction methods easily used by veterinary practitioners, namely the Loopamp PURE DNA Extraction Kit, InstaGene Matrix and a conventional boiling method. The LAMP method plus the Loopamp PURE DNA Extraction Kit gave higher rates of positivity than the other combinations in both clinical and spiked samples containing clinically significant concentrations (>1 × 10(4) CFU/ml) of S. zooepidemicus. PMID:24871644

Kinoshita, Yuta; Niwa, Hidekazu; Katayama, Yoshinari

2014-09-01

315

Ultrasensitive fluorescence detection of nucleic acids using exonuclease III-induced cascade two-stage isothermal amplification-mediated zinc (II)-protoporphyrin IX/G-quadruplex supramolecular fluorescent nanotags.  

PubMed

A cascadic sensing system was developed for detection of DNA target at ultralow concentration by a combination of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and exonuclease III (Exo III)-induced cascade two-stage isothermal amplification in the study. An ingeniously designed capture hairpin probe (CHP) that integrates target-binding and signal transduction sequences within one multifunctional design was assembled on MNPs. Upon sensing of the analyte nucleic acid, the hairpin probe on MNPs could be opened and stepwise removed by Exo III accompanied by the releasing of target DNA for the successive hybridization and cleavage process and the generation of bare signal transduction sequences of CHP as a new trigger for next circular reaction. The new DNA triggers initiate hybridizing with hairpin DNA probe that contains a partially "caged" G-quadruplex sequence (GHP), forming a duplex structure and liberating the active G-quadruplex structure. Then, Exo III digests the resulting duplex domain, leading to the recycling of new DNA trigger and simultaneously generating numerous ZnPPIX/G-quadruplex supramolecular complexes with the help of the zinc (II)-protoporphyrin IX (ZnPPIX), as an optical label for amplified fluorescence sensing event. Finally, numerous liberated cascade ZnPPIX/G-quadruplex supramolecular complexes give a remarkable fluorescence response. Because of two-stage autocatalytic recycling amplification and the specifically catalyzed formation of ZnPPIX/G-quadruplex supramolecular complexes, this newly designed protocol provides a high sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.75 fM, can discriminate mismatched DNA from perfectly matched target DNA, and gives low matrix effect due to using MNPs as the separation and amplification elements in the real samples. Therefore, it holds great potential for early diagnosis in gene-related diseases. PMID:24912035

Xue, Qingwang; Lv, Yanqin; Zhang, Yuanfu; Xu, Shulin; Li, Rui; Yue, Qiaoli; Li, Haibo; Wang, Lei; Gu, Xiaohong; Zhang, Shuqiu; Liu, Jifeng

2014-11-15

316

Development of a real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid and quantitative detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 in soil.  

PubMed

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), the causal agent of Fusarium wilt (Panama disease), is one of the most devastating diseases of banana (Musa spp.). The Foc tropical race 4 (TR4) is currently known as a major concern in global banana production. No effective resistance is known in Musa to Foc, and no effective measures for controlling Foc once banana plants have been infected in place. Early and accurate detection of Foc TR4 is essential to protect banana industry and guide banana planting. A real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RealAmp) was developed for the rapid and quantitative detection of Foc TR4 in soil. The detection limit of the RealAmp assay was approximately 0.4 pg/µl plasmid DNA when mixed with extracted soil DNA or 10(3) spores/g of artificial infested soil, and no cross-reaction with other relative pathogens were observed. The RealAmp assay for quantifying genomic DNA of TR4 was confirmed by testing both artificially and naturally infested samples. Quantification of the soil-borne pathogen DNA of Foc TR4 in naturally infested samples was no significant difference compared to classic real-time PCR (P>0.05). Additionally, RealAmp assay was visual with an improved closed-tube visual detection system by adding SYBR Green I fluorescent dye to the inside of the lid prior to amplification, which avoided the inhibitory effects of the stain on DNA amplification and makes the assay more convenient in the field and could thus become a simple, rapid and effective technique that has potential as an alternative tool for the detection and monitoring of Foc TR4 in field, which would be a routine DNA-based testing service for the soil-borne pathogen in South China. PMID:24376590

Zhang, Xin; Zhang, He; Pu, Jinji; Qi, Yanxiang; Yu, Qunfang; Xie, Yixian; Peng, Jun

2013-01-01

317

Development of a Real-Time Fluorescence Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for Rapid and Quantitative Detection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 In Soil  

PubMed Central

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), the causal agent of Fusarium wilt (Panama disease), is one of the most devastating diseases of banana (Musa spp.). The Foc tropical race 4 (TR4) is currently known as a major concern in global banana production. No effective resistance is known in Musa to Foc, and no effective measures for controlling Foc once banana plants have been infected in place. Early and accurate detection of Foc TR4 is essential to protect banana industry and guide banana planting. A real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RealAmp) was developed for the rapid and quantitative detection of Foc TR4 in soil. The detection limit of the RealAmp assay was approximately 0.4 pg/µl plasmid DNA when mixed with extracted soil DNA or 103 spores/g of artificial infested soil, and no cross-reaction with other relative pathogens were observed. The RealAmp assay for quantifying genomic DNA of TR4 was confirmed by testing both artificially and naturally infested samples. Quantification of the soil-borne pathogen DNA of Foc TR4 in naturally infested samples was no significant difference compared to classic real-time PCR (P>0.05). Additionally, RealAmp assay was visual with an improved closed-tube visual detection system by adding SYBR Green I fluorescent dye to the inside of the lid prior to amplification, which avoided the inhibitory effects of the stain on DNA amplification and makes the assay more convenient in the field and could thus become a simple, rapid and effective technique that has potential as an alternative tool for the detection and monitoring of Foc TR4 in field, which would be a routine DNA-based testing service for the soil-borne pathogen in South China. PMID:24376590

Pu, Jinji; Qi, Yanxiang; Yu, Qunfang; Xie, Yixian; Peng, Jun

2013-01-01

318

Preliminary Validation of Direct Detection of Foot-And-Mouth Disease Virus within Clinical Samples Using Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Coupled with a Simple Lateral Flow Device for Detection  

PubMed Central

Rapid, field-based diagnostic assays are desirable tools for the control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Current approaches involve either; 1) Detection of FMD virus (FMDV) with immuochromatographic antigen lateral flow devices (LFD), which have relatively low analytical sensitivity, or 2) portable RT-qPCR that has high analytical sensitivity but is expensive. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) may provide a platform upon which to develop field based assays without these drawbacks. The objective of this study was to modify an FMDV-specific reverse transcription–LAMP (RT-LAMP) assay to enable detection of dual-labelled LAMP products with an LFD, and to evaluate simple sample processing protocols without nucleic acid extraction. The limit of detection of this assay was demonstrated to be equivalent to that of a laboratory based real-time RT-qPCR assay and to have a 10,000 fold higher analytical sensitivity than the FMDV-specific antigen LFD currently used in the field. Importantly, this study demonstrated that FMDV RNA could be detected from epithelial suspensions without the need for prior RNA extraction, utilising a rudimentary heat source for amplification. Once optimised, this RT-LAMP-LFD protocol was able to detect multiple serotypes from field epithelial samples, in addition to detecting FMDV in the air surrounding infected cattle, pigs and sheep, including pre-clinical detection. This study describes the development and evaluation of an assay format, which may be used as a future basis for rapid and low cost detection of FMDV. In addition it provides providing “proof of concept” for the future use of LAMP assays to tackle other challenging diagnostic scenarios encompassing veterinary and human health. PMID:25165973

Waters, Ryan A.; Fowler, Veronica L.; Armson, Bryony; Nelson, Noel; Gloster, John; Paton, David J.; King, Donald P.

2014-01-01

319

One-tube loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with restriction endonuclease digestion and ELISA for colorimetric detection of resistance to isoniazid, ethambutol and streptomycin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates.  

PubMed

In this study, we designed a simple and rapid colorimetric detection method, a one-tube loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-PCR-hybridization-restriction endonuclease-ELISA [one-tube LAMP-PCR-HY-RE-ELISA] system, to detect resistance to isoniazid, ethambutol and streptomycin in strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from clinical specimens. The clinical performance of this method for detecting isoniazid-resistant, ethambutol-resistant and streptomycin-resistant isolates of M. tuberculosis showed 98.9%, 94.3% and 93.8%, respectively. This assay is rapid and convenient that can be performed within one working day. One-tube LAMP-PCR-HY-RE-ELISA system was designed based on hot spot point mutations in target drug-resistant genes, using LAMP-PCR, hybridization, digestion with restriction endonuclease and colorimetric method of ELISA. In this study, LAMP assay was used to amplify DNA from drug-resistant M. tuberculosis, and ELISA was used for colorimetrical determination. This assay will be a useful tool for rapid diagnosis of mutant codons in strains of M. tuberculosis for isoniazid at katG 315 and katG 463, ethambutol at embB 306 and embB 497, and streptomycin at rpsL 43. PMID:20673837

Lee, Mei-Feng; Chen, Yen-Hsu; Hsu, Hui-Jine; Peng, Chien-Fang

2010-10-01

320

Rapid and sensitive detection of novel avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral-flow device.  

PubMed

A severe disease in humans caused by a novel avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus emerged in China recently, which has caused at least 128 cases and 26 deaths. Rapid detection of the novel H7N9 virus is urgently needed to differentiate the disease from other infections, and to facilitate infection control as well as epidemiologic investigations. In this study, a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow device (RT-LAMP-LFD) assay to rapidly detect H7N9 virus was developed and evaluated. The RT-LAMP primers were designed to target the haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes of H7N9 virus. Results of 10-fold dilution series assays showed that analysis of RT-LAMP products by the LFD method was as sensitive as real-time turbidity detection, and that the analytic sensitivities of the HA and NA RT-LAMP assays were both 10 copies of synthetic RNA. Furthermore, both the assays showed 100% clinical specificity for identification of H7N9 virus. The performance characteristics of the RT-LAMP-LFD assay were evaluated with 80 clinical specimens collected from suspected H7N9 patients. The NA RT-LAMP-LFD assay was more sensitive than real time RT-PCR assay. Compared with a combination of virus culture and real-time RT-PCR, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the RT-LAMP-LFD assay were all 100%. Overall, The RT-LAMP-LFD assay established in this study can be used as a reliable method for early diagnosis of the avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus infection. PMID:23936359

Ge, Yiyue; Wu, Bin; Qi, Xian; Zhao, Kangchen; Guo, Xiling; Zhu, Yefei; Qi, Yuhua; Shi, Zhiyang; Zhou, Minghao; Wang, Hua; Cui, Lunbiao

2013-01-01

321

Prospective evaluation of commercial antibody-based rapid tests in combination with a loop-mediated isothermal amplification PCR assay for detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi during the acute phase of scrub typhus infection.  

PubMed

Samples from 160 prospectively recruited febrile patients with typhus-like illness in an area of Thailand (Chiang Rai, northern Thailand) where scrub typhus is endemic were used to evaluate the diagnostic capabilities of four rapid immunochromatographic tests (ICTs) for the detection of Orientia tsutsugamushi IgM and total antibodies during acute scrub typhus infection. Of the 160 cases, 54 (34%) had been confirmed to have scrub typhus using the reference scrub typhus infection criteria (STIC), i.e., positive cell culture isolation, an admission IgM antibody titer of ?1:12,800, a 4-fold rising IgM antibody titer, and/or positivity for ?2 out of 3 PCR gene targets). The ICTs gave the following sensitivities and specificities: the Panbio IgM ICT, 46% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 60) and 95% (95% CI, 89 to 98), respectively; the Standard Diagnostics IgM ICT, 68% (95% CI, 60 to 75) and 73% (95% CI, 68 to 78), respectively; the AccessBio IgM ICT, 56% (95% CI, 48 to 63) and 90% (95% CI, 87 to 94), respectively; and the AccessBio total antibody ABt ICT, 61% (95% CI, 53 to 68) and 68% (95% CI, 63 to 73), respectively. An isothermal loop amplification (LAMP) PCR assay for scrub typhus demonstrated a sensitivity of 52% (95% CI, 38 to 66) and a specificity of 94% (95% CI, 88 to 98). This study has revealed the diagnostic limitations of antibody-based assays in an acute care setting. However, the combination of ICTs with LAMP usually increased sensitivity with a minimal reduction in specificity. The best combination, the Panbio IgM ICT and LAMP, resulted in a sensitivity of 67% (95% CI, 53 to 79) and a specificity of 91% (95% CI, 83 to 95). The combination of antibody-based assays with DNA- or antigen-based tests shows promise for improved diagnostic sensitivity. PMID:22219313

Blacksell, Stuart D; Paris, Daniel H; Chierakul, Wirongrong; Wuthiekanun, Vanaporn; Teeratakul, Achara; Kantipong, Pacharee; Day, Nicholas P J

2012-03-01

322

Application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for direct identification of pure cultures of Aspergillus flavus, A. nomius, and A. caelatus and for their rapid detection in shelled Brazil nuts.  

PubMed

Brazil nuts have a high nutritional content and are a very important trade commodity for some Latin American countries. Aflatoxins are carcinogenic fungal secondary metabolites. In Brazil nuts they are produced predominantly by Aspergillus (A.) nomius and A. flavus. In the present study we applied and evaluated two sets of primers previously published for the specific detection of the two species using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technology. Moreover, a primer set specific for A. caelatus as a frequently occurring non-aflatoxigenic member of Aspergillus section Flavi in Brazil nuts was newly developed. LAMP assays were combined with a simplified DNA release method and used for rapid identification of pure cultures and rapid detection of A. nomius and A. flavus from samples of shelled Brazil nuts. An analysis of pure cultures of 68 isolates representing the major Aspergillus species occurring on Brazil nuts showed that the three LAMP assays had individual accuracies of 61.5%, 84.4%, and 93.3% for A. flavus, A. nomius, and A. caelatus, respectively when morphological identification was used as a reference. The detection limits for conidia added directly to the individual LAMP reactions were found to be 10? conidia per reaction with the primer set ID9 for A. nomius and 10? conidia per reaction with the primer set ID58 for A. flavus. Sensitivity was increased to 10¹ and 10² conidia per reaction for A. nomius and A. flavus, respectively, when sample preparation included a spore disruption step. The results of LAMP assays obtained during the analysis of 32 Brazil nut samples from different regions of Brazil and from different steps in the production process of the commodity were compared with results obtained from mycological analysis and aflatoxin analysis of corresponding samples. Compared with mycological analysis of the samples, the Negative Predictive Values of LAMP assays were 42.1% and 12.5% while the Positive Predictive Values were 61.5% and 66.7% for A. nomius and A. flavus, respectively. When LAMP results were compared with the presence of aflatoxins in corresponding samples, the Negative Predictive Values were 22.2% and 44.4% and the Positive Predictive Values were 52.2% and 78.3% for aflatoxins produced by A. nomius and A. flavus, respectively. The LAMP assays described in this study have been demonstrated to be a specific, sensitive and easy to use tool for the survey of Brazil nuts for contaminations with potential aflatoxin-producing A. nomius and A. flavus in low tech environments where resources may be limited. PMID:24361827

Luo, Jie; Taniwaki, Marta H; Iamanaka, Beatriz T; Vogel, Rudi F; Niessen, Ludwig

2014-02-17

323

Comparison of conventional RT-PCR, reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification, and SYBR green I-based real-time RT-PCR in the rapid detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus nucleotide in contaminated commercial bovine sera batches.  

PubMed

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) can contaminate biological products produced in bovine or porcine cells or manufactured using bovine sera. A rapid, specific, sensitive, and practical method of detecting BVDV in bio-products is needed. The purpose of this study was to compare three assays with respect to their ability to accurately detect BVDV in biological samples, namely reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), SYBR green I-based real-time RT-PCR, and conventional RT-PCR. All assays detected BVDV nucleotide and differentiated between BVDV-free and -contaminated bovine sera successfully. In addition, the results were specific to BVDV: the amplification of samples containing the closely related classical swine fever virus or other pathogenic bovine viruses yielded negative results. The lowest detection threshold, 10(1) copies, was displayed by the SYBR green I-based real-time RT-PCR and RT-LAMP assay. This assay was also the most effective in the detection of BVDV contamination in a set of commercially available bovine sera. The field conditions suggest that RT-LAMP is specific and sensitive to detecting BVDV in biological samples and may be used for quality control of biomaterials. PMID:25019170

Zhang, Shu-Qin; Tan, Bin; Li, Peng; Wang, Feng-Xue; Guo, Li; Yang, Yong; Sun, Na; Zhu, Hong-Wei; Wen, Yong-Jun; Cheng, Shi-Peng

2014-10-01

324

Electrical and Electrochemical Monitoring of Nucleic Acid Amplification  

PubMed Central

Nucleic acid amplification is a gold standard technique for analyzing a tiny amount of nucleotides in molecular biology, clinical diagnostics, food safety, and environmental testing. Electrical and electrochemical monitoring of the amplification process draws attention over conventional optical methods because of the amenability toward point-of-care applications as there is a growing demand for nucleic acid sensing in situations outside the laboratory. A number of electrical and electrochemical techniques coupled with various amplification methods including isothermal amplification have been reported in the last 10?years. In this review, we highlight recent developments in the electrical and electrochemical monitoring of nucleic acid amplification. PMID:25798440

Goda, Tatsuro; Tabata, Miyuki; Miyahara, Yuji

2015-01-01

325

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics-guided loop-mediated isothermal  

E-print Network

vulgaris L.). Methods and Results: Genomic sequences of Pseudomonas syringae pathovars, P. fluorescens for characterization of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola X. Li1 , J. Nie1 , L. Ward1 , M. Madani1 , T. Hsiang2 , Y-mediated isothermal amplification, Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola. Correspondence Xiang Li, Canadian Food

Hsiang, Tom

326

RT-isoPCR: nested, high multiplex mRNA amplification.  

PubMed

RT-isoPCR provides multiplex amplification of mRNA targets using a first-stage multiplex RT-PCR reaction with subsequent isothermal amplification for individual target loci detection. We demonstrate detection of 24 mRNA targets with high specificity and sensitivity without compromising sample variation or introducing biases between targets. PMID:23964356

Søe, Martin Jensen; Warthoe, Peter

2013-10-21

327

Why Raman amplification ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Raman amplification of optically carried RF signals is shown to be a good alternative to erbium-doped-fiber amplification. In the case of continuous RF signal, RIN levels as low as -160 dB\\/Hz, limited by the laser source, are obtained. Moreover, when the RF signal is no more continuous, such as real radar waveforms, we evidence that Raman amplification overcomes erbium-doped-fiber amplification.

Mehdi Alouini; Daniel Dolfi; Thomas Merlet; J.-P. Huignard; P. Delaye; R. Frey

2008-01-01

328

A highly sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor for the detection of DNA and cancer cells by a target-triggered multiple signal amplification strategy.  

PubMed

A sensitive and versatile surface plasmon resonance bioassay was proposed for the detection of DNA and Ramos cells by combining the target-triggered isothermal exponential amplification with the magnetic nanoparticle-based rolling circle amplification, producing remarkable amplification efficiency. PMID:25083516

He, Peng; Qiao, Wenping; Liu, Lijun; Zhang, Shusheng

2014-09-21

329

CENTRIFUGAL LABTUBE FOR FULLY AUTOMATED DNA EXTRACTION & LAMP AMPLIFICATION BASED ON AN INTEGRATED, LOW-COST HEATING SYSTEM  

E-print Network

In this paper, we introduce a disposable battery-driven heating system for loop-mediated isothermal DNA amplification (LAMP) inside a centrifugally-driven DNA-extraction platform (LabTube). We demonstrate fully automated, ...

Hoehl, Melanie Margarete

330

Isothermal separation processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The isothermal processes of membrane separation, supercritical extraction and chromatography were examined using availability analysis. The general approach was to derive equations that identified where energy is consumed in these processes and how they compare with conventional separation methods. These separation methods are characterized by pure work inputs, chiefly in the form of a pressure drop which supplies the required energy. Equations were derived for the energy requirement in terms of regular solution theory. This approach is believed to accurately predict the work of separation in terms of the heat of solution and the entropy of mixing. It can form the basis of a convenient calculation method for optimizing membrane and solvent properties for particular applications. Calculations were made on the energy requirements for a membrane process separating air into its components.

England, C.

1982-01-01

331

Generalized privacy amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a general treatment of pri- vacy amplification by public discussion, a concept introduced by Bennett, Brassard, and Robert for a special scenario. Privacy amplification is a process that allows two parties to distill a secret key from a common random variable about which an eavesdropper has partial information. The two parties generally know nothing about the eavesdropper's

Charles H. Bennett; Gilles Brassard; Claude Crépeau; Ueli M. Maurer

1995-01-01

332

Non-instrumented nucleic acid amplification assay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed components of a diagnostic disposable platform that has the dual purpose of providing molecular diagnostics at the point of care (POC) as well as stabilizing specimens for further analysis via a centralized surveillance system. This diagnostic is targeted for use in low-resource settings by minimally trained health workers. The disposable device does not require any additional instrumentation and will be almost as rapid and simple to use as a lateral flow strip test - yet will offer the sensitivity and specificity of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). The low-cost integrated device is composed of three functional components: (1) a sample-processing subunit that generates clean and stabilized DNA from raw samples containing nucleic acids, (2) a NA amplification subunit, and (3) visual amplicon detection sub-unit. The device integrates chemical exothermic heating, temperature stabilization using phase-change materials, and isothermal nucleic acid amplification. The aim of developing this system is to provide pathogen detection with NAAT-level sensitivity in low-resource settings where there is no access to instrumentation. If a disease occurs, patients would be tested with the disposable in the field. A nucleic acid sample would be preserved within the spent disposable which could be sent to a central laboratory facility for further analysis if needed.

Weigl, Bernhard H.; Domingo, Gonzalo; Gerlach, Jay; Tang, Dennis; Harvey, Darrel; Talwar, Nick; Fichtenholz, Alex; van Lew, Bill; LaBarre, Paul

2008-02-01

333

[Principle of LAMP method--a simple and rapid gene amplification method].  

PubMed

So far nucleic acid test (NAT) has been employed in various fields, including infectious disease diagnoses. However, due to its complicated procedures and relatively high cost, it has not been widely utilized in many actual diagnostic applications. We have therefore developed a simple and rapid gene amplification technology, Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) method, which has shown prominent results of surpassing the performance of the conventional gene amplification methods. LAMP method acquires three main features: (1) all reaction can be carried out under isothermal conditions; (2) the amplification efficiency is extremely high and tremendous amount of amplification products can be obtained; and (3) the reaction is highly specific. Furthermore, developed from the standard LAMP method, a rapid LAMP method, by adding in the loop primers, can reduce the amplification time from the previous 1 hour to less than 30 minutes. Enormous amount of white precipitate of magnesium pyrophosphate is produced as a by-product of the amplification, therefore, direct visual detection is possible without using any reaction indicators and detection equipments. We believe LAMP technology, with the integration of these features, can rightly apply to clinical genetic testing, food and environmental analysis, as well as NAT in different fields. PMID:15449911

Ushikubo, Hiroshi

2004-06-01

334

Improvement of ?29 DNA polymerase amplification performance by fusion of DNA binding motifs.  

PubMed

Bacteriophage ?29 DNA polymerase is a unique enzyme endowed with two distinctive properties, high processivity and faithful polymerization coupled to strand displacement, that have led to the development of protocols to achieve isothermal amplification of limiting amounts of both circular plasmids and genomic DNA. To enhance the amplification efficiency of ?29 DNA polymerase, we have constructed chimerical DNA polymerases by fusing DNA binding domains to the C terminus of the polymerase. The results show that the addition of Helix-hairpin-Helix [(HhH)(2)] domains increases DNA binding of the hybrid polymerases without hindering their replication rate. In addition, the chimerical DNA polymerases display an improved and faithful multiply primed DNA amplification proficiency on both circular plasmids and genomic DNA and are unique ?29 DNA polymerase variants with enhanced amplification performance. The reported chimerical DNA polymerases will contribute to make ?29 DNA polymerase-based amplification technologies one of the most powerful tools for genomics. PMID:20823261

de Vega, Miguel; Lázaro, José M; Mencía, Mario; Blanco, Luis; Salas, Margarita

2010-09-21

335

Improvement of ?29 DNA polymerase amplification performance by fusion of DNA binding motifs  

PubMed Central

Bacteriophage ?29 DNA polymerase is a unique enzyme endowed with two distinctive properties, high processivity and faithful polymerization coupled to strand displacement, that have led to the development of protocols to achieve isothermal amplification of limiting amounts of both circular plasmids and genomic DNA. To enhance the amplification efficiency of ?29 DNA polymerase, we have constructed chimerical DNA polymerases by fusing DNA binding domains to the C terminus of the polymerase. The results show that the addition of Helix-hairpin-Helix [(HhH)2] domains increases DNA binding of the hybrid polymerases without hindering their replication rate. In addition, the chimerical DNA polymerases display an improved and faithful multiply primed DNA amplification proficiency on both circular plasmids and genomic DNA and are unique ?29 DNA polymerase variants with enhanced amplification performance. The reported chimerical DNA polymerases will contribute to make ?29 DNA polymerase-based amplification technologies one of the most powerful tools for genomics. PMID:20823261

de Vega, Miguel; Lázaro, José M.; Mencía, Mario; Blanco, Luis; Salas, Margarita

2010-01-01

336

Amplification of Mitochondrial DNA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This laboratory activity, by the Biotechnology Education and Training Sequence Investment (BETSI) project at Southwestern College, walks students and educators through the procedure of amplifying mitochondrial DNA. The first section of the activity details the actual amplifying; the second section shows the procedure for DNA analysis by gel electrophoresis once amplification is complete.

337

DNA amplification fingerprinting of bacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have amplified short arbitrary stretches of total bacterial DNA to produce highly characteristic and complex DNA fingerprints. This DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF) strategy involves enzymatic amplification of DNA directed by a single arbitrary oligonucleotide primer. Amplification produces a characteristic spectrum of products that is adequately resolved by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and visualized by silver staining. Although DAF is simple

Brant J. Bassam; Gustavo Caetano-Anollés; Peter M. Gresshoff

1992-01-01

338

Isothermal Fatigue Life Prediction Techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Substantial progress has been made in advancing a pre-existing energy-based fatigue life prediction method into a powerful tool for real-world application through three distinct analyses, resulting in considerable improvements to the fidelity and capability of the existing model. First, a torsional fatigue life prediction method with consideration for the identification and incorporation of loading multiaxiality was developed and validated against experimental results from testing of Aluminum 6061-T6 specimens at room temperature. Second, a unique isothermal-mechanical fatigue life testing capability was constructed and utilized in the development of an isothermal-mechanical fatigue life prediction method. This method was validated against experimental data generated from testing of Aluminum 6061-T6 specimens at multiple operating temperatures. Third, alternative quasi-static and dynamic constitutive relationships were applied to the isothermal-mechanical fatigue life prediction method. The accuracy of each new relationship was verified against experimental data generated from testing of two material systems with dissimilar properties: Aluminum 6061-T6 at multiple operating temperatures and Titanium 6Al-4V at room temperature. Each investigation builds upon a previously-developed energy-based life prediction capability, which states: the total strain energy dissipated during both a quasi-static process and a dynamic process are equivalent and a fundamental property of the material. Through these three analyses, the energy-based life prediction framework has acquired the capability of assessing the fatigue life of structures subjected to unplanned multiaxial loading and elevated isothermal operating temperatures; furthermore, alternative constitutive relationships have been successfully employed in improving the fidelity of the life prediction models. This work represents considerable advancements of the energy-based method, and provides a firm foundation for the growth of the energy-based life prediction framework into the thermo-mechanical fatigue regime. This future work will utilize many of the models developed for isothermal-mechanical fatigue; additionally, the isothermal-mechanical testing capability will be readily modified to perform thermo-mechanical fatigue.

Wertz, John Nicholas

339

Isothermal elliptical gravitational lens models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gravitational lens models for observed lensing systems are often based on quasi-elliptical lenses. The use of elliptical mass distributions is motivated by observations of galaxies and by the assumption that mass follows light. Elliptical mass distributions are also expected on theoretical grounds. On the other hand, since elliptical matter distributions are in general more difficult to handle, quasi-elliptical lens models, in which the isopotential curves are ellipses or in which an external shear component is added onto a spherical deflector, are often used for model fitting or for statistical lens studies. However, elliptical potentials correspond to unphysical matter distributions if the ellipticity is large. In this paper we derive explicit lens equations for a special type of elliptical matter distributions, the 'isothermal' ellipsoids. Their mattter distribution forms a natural generalization of isothermal spheres, one of the most commonly used models in lens theory. We consider the singular and the non-singular case. For both, the deflection angle is derived in closed form, and it is particularly simple for the singular case. The lens equation in the singular case can be reduced to a one-dimensional equation, making its solution particularly easy. We derive the critical curves and caustics of these isothermal elliptical lens models and obtain a complete classification of the topologies of the critical curves and the caustics. Cross sections for multiple imaging are derived. Especially the singular isothermal ellipsoid provides a very convenient lens model, which is not much more complicated to handle than quasi-elliptical models, and we expect that the explicit equations derived here will be useful for future work.

Kormann, R.; Schneider, P.; Bartelmann, M.

1994-04-01

340

Gravitomagnetic amplification in cosmology  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic fields interact with gravitational waves in various ways. We consider the coupling between the Weyl and the Maxwell fields in cosmology and study the effects of the former on the latter. The approach is fully analytical and the results are gauge invariant. We show that the nature and the outcome of the gravitomagnetic interaction depends on the electric properties of the cosmic medium. When the conductivity is high, gravitational waves reduce the standard (adiabatic) decay rate of the B field, leading to its superadiabatic amplification. In poorly conductive environments, on the other hand, Weyl-curvature distortions can result into the resonant amplification of large-scale cosmological magnetic fields. Driven by the gravitational waves, these B fields oscillate with an amplitude that is found to diverge when the wavelengths of the two sources coincide. We present technical and physical aspects of the gravitomagnetic interaction and discuss its potential implications.

Tsagas, Christos G. [Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124 (Greece)

2010-02-15

341

Isothermal compressors for process gases  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on isothermal compressors which are more efficient for all gases. The study of several representative gases considered stage efficiencies, pressure ratios and pressure losses of the intercoolers. Generally there are two ways to reduce power consumption of a gas compression process: minimize losses of the compressor or improve the thermodynamics of the process. But there are some new ways to reduce losses of turbocompressors. Losses of the impeller labyrinth seals and the balance piston labyrinth seal can be reduced by optimizing the labyrinth geometry and minimizing labyrinth clearances. Therefore, conventional labyrinth seals are still being studied and will be improved.

Wiederuh, E.; Meinhart, D. (FH Giessen-Friedberg, Giessen (Germany))

1992-09-01

342

Recombinase polymerase amplification assay for rapid detection of Francisella tularensis.  

PubMed

Several real-time PCR approaches to develop field detection for Francisella tularensis, the infectious agent causing tularemia, have been explored. We report the development of a novel qualitative real-time isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for use on a small ESEQuant Tube Scanner device. The analytical sensitivity and specificity were tested using a plasmid standard and DNA extracts from infected rabbit tissues. The assay showed a performance comparable to real-time PCR but reduced the assay time to 10 min. The rapid RPA method has great application potential for field use or point-of-care diagnostics. PMID:22518861

Euler, Milena; Wang, Yongjie; Otto, Peter; Tomaso, Herbert; Escudero, Raquel; Anda, Pedro; Hufert, Frank T; Weidmann, Manfred

2012-07-01

343

Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Assay for Rapid Detection of Francisella tularensis  

PubMed Central

Several real-time PCR approaches to develop field detection for Francisella tularensis, the infectious agent causing tularemia, have been explored. We report the development of a novel qualitative real-time isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for use on a small ESEQuant Tube Scanner device. The analytical sensitivity and specificity were tested using a plasmid standard and DNA extracts from infected rabbit tissues. The assay showed a performance comparable to real-time PCR but reduced the assay time to 10 min. The rapid RPA method has great application potential for field use or point-of-care diagnostics. PMID:22518861

Euler, Milena; Wang, Yongjie; Otto, Peter; Tomaso, Herbert; Escudero, Raquel; Anda, Pedro; Hufert, Frank T.

2012-01-01

344

Coherent white light amplification  

DOEpatents

A system for coherent simultaneous amplification of a broad spectral range of light that includes an optical parametric amplifier and a source of a seed pulse is described. A first angular dispersive element is operatively connected to the source of a seed pulse. A first imaging telescope is operatively connected to the first angular dispersive element and operatively connected to the optical parametric amplifier. A source of a pump pulse is operatively connected to the optical parametric amplifier. A second imaging telescope is operatively connected to the optical parametric amplifier and a second angular dispersive element is operatively connected to the second imaging telescope.

Jovanovic, Igor; Barty, Christopher P.

2004-05-25

345

Electricity-free amplification and detection for molecular point-of-care diagnosis of HIV-1.  

PubMed

In resource-limited settings, the lack of decentralized molecular diagnostic testing and sparse access to centralized medical facilities can present a critical barrier to timely diagnosis, treatment, and subsequent control and elimination of infectious diseases. Isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods, including reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), are well-suited for decentralized point-of-care molecular testing in minimal infrastructure laboratories since they significantly reduce the complexity of equipment and power requirements. Despite reduced complexity, however, there is still a need for a constant heat source to enable isothermal nucleic acid amplification. This requirement poses significant challenges for laboratories in developing countries where electricity is often unreliable or unavailable. To address this need, we previously developed a low-cost, electricity-free heater using an exothermic reaction thermally coupled with a phase change material. This heater achieved acceptable performance, but exhibited considerable variability. Furthermore, as an enabling technology, the heater was an incomplete diagnostic solution. Here we describe a more precise, affordable, and robust heater design with thermal standard deviation <0.5°C at operating temperature, a cost of approximately US$.06 per test for heater reaction materials, and an ambient temperature operating range from 16°C to 30°C. We also pair the heater with nucleic acid lateral flow (NALF)-detection for a visual readout. To further illustrate the utility of the electricity-free heater and NALF-detection platform, we demonstrate sensitive and repeatable detection of HIV-1 with a ß-actin positive internal amplification control from processed sample to result in less than 80 minutes. Together, these elements are building blocks for an electricity-free platform capable of isothermal amplification and detection of a variety of pathogens. PMID:25426953

Singleton, Jered; Osborn, Jennifer L; Lillis, Lorraine; Hawkins, Kenneth; Guelig, Dylan; Price, Will; Johns, Rachel; Ebels, Kelly; Boyle, David; Weigl, Bernhard; LaBarre, Paul

2014-01-01

346

Electricity-Free Amplification and Detection for Molecular Point-of-Care Diagnosis of HIV-1  

PubMed Central

In resource-limited settings, the lack of decentralized molecular diagnostic testing and sparse access to centralized medical facilities can present a critical barrier to timely diagnosis, treatment, and subsequent control and elimination of infectious diseases. Isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods, including reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP), are well-suited for decentralized point-of-care molecular testing in minimal infrastructure laboratories since they significantly reduce the complexity of equipment and power requirements. Despite reduced complexity, however, there is still a need for a constant heat source to enable isothermal nucleic acid amplification. This requirement poses significant challenges for laboratories in developing countries where electricity is often unreliable or unavailable. To address this need, we previously developed a low-cost, electricity-free heater using an exothermic reaction thermally coupled with a phase change material. This heater achieved acceptable performance, but exhibited considerable variability. Furthermore, as an enabling technology, the heater was an incomplete diagnostic solution. Here we describe a more precise, affordable, and robust heater design with thermal standard deviation <0.5°C at operating temperature, a cost of approximately US$.06 per test for heater reaction materials, and an ambient temperature operating range from 16°C to 30°C. We also pair the heater with nucleic acid lateral flow (NALF)-detection for a visual readout. To further illustrate the utility of the electricity-free heater and NALF-detection platform, we demonstrate sensitive and repeatable detection of HIV-1 with a ß-actin positive internal amplification control from processed sample to result in less than 80 minutes. Together, these elements are building blocks for an electricity-free platform capable of isothermal amplification and detection of a variety of pathogens. PMID:25426953

Singleton, Jered; Osborn, Jennifer L.; Lillis, Lorraine; Hawkins, Kenneth; Guelig, Dylan; Price, Will; Johns, Rachel; Ebels, Kelly; Boyle, David; Weigl, Bernhard; LaBarre, Paul

2014-01-01

347

Oncogene amplification in breast cancer.  

PubMed Central

To refine the analysis of gene amplification in breast cancer, the authors have developed sensitive methods that can be used to screen nucleic acid prepared from a variety of sources. In their analysis, Southern hybridization and DNA dot-blot analysis were used to screen 49 breast cancer DNAs for Myc, Neu, and Int-2 gene amplification. The analysis detected minimal one extra gene copy) as well as expanded (two or more extra gene copies) gene amplifications, and in addition, distinguished between gene amplification and aneuploidy as the cause of extra gene copies. These quantitative methods were adapted to patient specimens routinely available in the anatomic pathology laboratory, including fresh tumor tissue, tumor nuclei discarded during estrogen receptor analysis, and paraffin blocks. One minimal gene amplification was found in three cases of intraductal cancer. Of 25 cases of nonmetastatic invasive cancer, 28% had at least one extra Myc gene, whereas 24% had Neu, and 21% had Int-2 gene amplification. Of 21 cases of metastatic invasive cancer, 43% had Myc, 43% had Neu, and 40% had Int-2 gene amplification. Among the nonmetastatic cancers, 47% had one, 12% had two, and 4% had three amplified genes. Within the metastatic cancers, 48% had one, 28% had two, and 5% had three amplified genes. Our data suggest relationships between tumor progression and both incidence and size of Myc, Neu, and Int-2 gene amplification. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:1849359

Donovan-Peluso, M.; Contento, A. M.; Tobon, H.; Ripepi, B.; Locker, J.

1991-01-01

348

Singular Isothermal Disks. I. Linear Stability Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a larger effort to understand how binary and single stars form from the collapse of magnetized molecular cloud cores, we perform a global stability analysis of isopedically magnetized, singular isothermal disks (SIDs). The work described here has precedents in earlier studies of disturbances in power-law disks by Zang in 1976, Toomre in 1977, Lynden-Bell & Lemos in 1993, Syer & Tremaine in 1996, and Goodman & Evans in 1999. We find the analytic criteria for the bifurcation of axisymmetric disks into nonaxisymmetric forms with azimuthal periodicities m=1 (eccentric displacements), 2 (oval distortions), 3 (triangular distortions), etc. These bifurcations, which occur at zero frequency, are the compressible and differentially rotating analogs of how the classical sequence of incompressible and uniformly rotating Maclaurin spheroids bifurcate (secularly, under dissipative forces) to become Dedekind ellipsoids with figure axes that remain fixed in space. Like Syer & Tremaine and Lynden-Bell & Lemos, we also find that zero-frequency logarithmic spirals are possible scale-free disturbances, but our interpretation of the existence of such steadily propagating wavetrains is different. We give a dynamical instability interpretation based on the onset of swing amplification by overreflection at the corotation circle of prograde spiral density waves the pattern speeds of which have nonzero and positive values. Our analysis yields identical instability criteria as the global normal-modes treatment of Goodman & Evans, and we tentatively also identify dynamical barred-spiral instabilities as the ``breathing mode'' limit of two-armed ordinary-spiral instabilities. We prove a general ``reciprocity theorem,'' which states that the overreflection factors are identical for spiral density waves launched from cavities interior or exterior to Q-barriers that straddle the corotation circle. This globally valid result supports a unifying interpretation, advocated for many years by C. C. Lin and his colleagues (see, e.g., work by Bertin & Lin): the coexistence of spiral structure in galaxies arising from the instability of internal normal modes in the combined star/gas disk or from driving by external tidal influences associated with the chance passages of companion bodies.

Shu, Frank H.; Laughlin, Gregory; Lizano, Susana; Galli, Daniele

2000-05-01

349

Isothermal Titration Calorimetry of RNA  

PubMed Central

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is a fast and robust method to study the physical basis of molecular interactions. A single well-designed experiment can provide complete thermodynamic characterization of a binding reaction, including Ka, ?G, ?H, ?S and reaction stoichiometry (n). Repeating the experiment at different temperatures allows determination of the heat capacity change (?CP) of the interaction. Modern calorimeters are sensitive enough to probe even weak biological interactions making ITC a very popular method among biochemists. Although ITC has been applied to protein studies for many years, it is becoming widely applicable in RNA biochemistry as well, especially in studies which involve RNA folding and RNA-interactions with small molecules, proteins and with other RNAs. This review focuses on best practices for planning, designing, and executing effective ITC experiments when one or more of the reactants is an RNA. PMID:18835447

Salim, Nilshad N.; Feig, Andrew L.

2009-01-01

350

Lunar ash flows - Isothermal approximation.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Suggestion of the ash flow mechanism as one of the major processes required to account for some features of lunar soil. First the observational background and the gardening hypothesis are reviewed, and the shortcomings of the gardening hypothesis are shown. Then a general description of the lunar ash flow is given, and a simple mathematical model of the isothermal lunar ash flow is worked out with numerical examples to show the differences between the lunar and the terrestrial ash flow. The important parameters of the ash flow process are isolated and analyzed. It appears that the lunar surface layer in the maria is not a residual mantle rock (regolith) but a series of ash flows due, at least in part, to great meteorite impacts. The possibility of a volcanic contribution is not excluded. Some further analytic research on lunar ash flows is recommended.

Pai, S. I.; Hsieh, T.; O'Keefe, J. A.

1972-01-01

351

Isothermal circular-strand-displacement polymerization of DNA and microRNA in digital microfluidic devices.  

PubMed

Nucleic-acid amplification is a crucial step in nucleic-acid-sequence-detection assays. The use of digital microfluidic devices to miniaturize amplification techniques reduces the required sample volume and the analysis time and offers new possibilities for process automation and integration in a single device. The recently introduced droplet polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) amplification methods require repeated cycles of two or three temperature-dependent steps during the amplification of the nucleic-acid target sequence. In contrast, low-temperature isothermal-amplification methods have no need for thermal cycling, thus requiring simplified microfluidic-device features. Here, the combined use of digital microfluidics and molecular-beacon (MB)-assisted isothermal circular-strand-displacement polymerization (ICSDP) to detect microRNA-210 sequences is described. MicroRNA-210 has been described as the most consistently and predominantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor. The nmol L(-1)-pmol L(-1) detection capabilities of the method were first tested by targeting single-stranded DNA sequences from the genetically modified Roundup Ready soybean. The ability of the droplet-ICSDP method to discriminate between full-matched, single-mismatched, and unrelated sequences was also investigated. The detection of a range of nmol L(-1)-pmol L(-1) microRNA-210 solutions compartmentalized in nanoliter-sized droplets was performed, establishing the ability of the method to detect as little as 10(-18) mol of microRNA target sequences compartmentalized in 20 nL droplets. The suitability of the method for biological samples was tested by detecting microRNA-210 from transfected K562 cells. PMID:25579461

Giuffrida, Maria Chiara; Zanoli, Laura Maria; D'Agata, Roberta; Finotti, Alessia; Gambari, Roberto; Spoto, Giuseppe

2015-02-01

352

Isothermal Circumstellar Dust Shell Model for Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We introduce a model of radiative transfer in circumstellar dust shells. By assuming that the shell is both isothermal and its thickness is small compared to its radius, the model is simple enough for students to grasp and yet still provides a quantitative description of the relevant physical features. The isothermal model can be used in a…

Robinson, G.; Towers, I. N.; Jovanoski, Z.

2009-01-01

353

CARBON ADSORPTION ISOTHERMS FOR TOXIC ORGANICS  

EPA Science Inventory

An experimental protocol for measuring the activated carbon adsorption isotherm was developed and applied to a wide range of organic compounds. Methods for treatment of the isotherm data and a standard format for presentation of results are shown. In the early phase of the study ...

354

Novel Bioluminescent Quantitative Detection of Nucleic Acid Amplification in Real-Time  

PubMed Central

Background The real-time monitoring of polynucleotide amplification is at the core of most molecular assays. This conventionally relies on fluorescent detection of the amplicon produced, requiring complex and costly hardware, often restricting it to specialised laboratories. Principal Findings Here we report the first real-time, closed-tube luminescent reporter system for nucleic acid amplification technologies (NAATs) enabling the progress of amplification to be continuously monitored using simple light measuring equipment. The Bioluminescent Assay in Real-Time (BART) continuously reports through bioluminescent output the exponential increase of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) produced during the isothermal amplification of a specific nucleic acid target. BART relies on the coupled conversion of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) produced stoichiometrically during nucleic acid synthesis to ATP by the enzyme ATP sulfurylase, and can therefore be coupled to a wide range of isothermal NAATs. During nucleic acid amplification, enzymatic conversion of PPi released during DNA synthesis into ATP is continuously monitored through the bioluminescence generated by thermostable firefly luciferase. The assay shows a unique kinetic signature for nucleic acid amplifications with a readily identifiable light output peak, whose timing is proportional to the concentration of original target nucleic acid. This allows qualitative and quantitative analysis of specific targets, and readily differentiates between negative and positive samples. Since quantitation in BART is based on determination of time-to-peak rather than absolute intensity of light emission, complex or highly sensitive light detectors are not required. Conclusions The combined chemistries of the BART reporter and amplification require only a constant temperature maintained by a heating block and are shown to be robust in the analysis of clinical samples. Since monitoring the BART reaction requires only a simple light detector, the iNAAT-BART combination is ideal for molecular diagnostic assays in both laboratory and low resource settings. PMID:21152399

Gandelman, Olga A.; Church, Vicki L.; Moore, Cathy A.; Kiddle, Guy; Carne, Christopher A.; Parmar, Surendra; Jalal, Hamid; Tisi, Laurence C.; Murray, James A. H.

2010-01-01

355

Tips for Successful RNA Amplification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

RNA amplification using the Van Gelder and Eberwine technique [1] is a multistep protocol comprised of several enzymatic and clean-up steps. Organization, technique, timing, and equipment are all critical to producing high quality amplified antisense RNA (aRNA). Since aRNA quality is key to obtaining reproducible array data, it is imperative that the techniques used for amplification are carried out with the utmost care. Here, we list our recommendations for performing consistent and reproducible RNA amplifications for microarray analysis.

Life Technologies Corporation (Life Technologies Corporation)

2011-01-01

356

Rapid Identification of Black Grain Eumycetoma Causative Agents Using Rolling Circle Amplification  

PubMed Central

Accurate identification of mycetoma causative agent is a priority for treatment. However, current identification tools are far from being satisfactory for both reliable diagnosis and epidemiological investigations. A rapid, simple, and highly efficient molecular based method for identification of agents of black grain eumycetoma is introduced, aiming to improve diagnostic in endemic areas. Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) uses species-specific padlock probes and isothermal DNA amplification. The tests were based on ITS sequences and developed for Falciformispora senegalensis, F. tompkinsii, Madurella fahalii, M. mycetomatis, M. pseudomycetomatis, M. tropicana, Medicopsis romeroi, and Trematosphaeria grisea. With the isothermal RCA assay, 62 isolates were successfully identified with 100% specificity and no cross reactivity or false results. The main advantage of this technique is the low-cost, high specificity, and simplicity. In addition, it is highly reproducible and can be performed within a single day. PMID:25474355

Ahmed, Sarah A.; van den Ende, Bert H. G. Gerrits; Fahal, Ahmed H.; van de Sande, Wendy W. J.; de Hoog, G. S.

2014-01-01

357

Rapid identification of black grain eumycetoma causative agents using rolling circle amplification.  

PubMed

Accurate identification of mycetoma causative agent is a priority for treatment. However, current identification tools are far from being satisfactory for both reliable diagnosis and epidemiological investigations. A rapid, simple, and highly efficient molecular based method for identification of agents of black grain eumycetoma is introduced, aiming to improve diagnostic in endemic areas. Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) uses species-specific padlock probes and isothermal DNA amplification. The tests were based on ITS sequences and developed for Falciformispora senegalensis, F. tompkinsii, Madurella fahalii, M. mycetomatis, M. pseudomycetomatis, M. tropicana, Medicopsis romeroi, and Trematosphaeria grisea. With the isothermal RCA assay, 62 isolates were successfully identified with 100% specificity and no cross reactivity or false results. The main advantage of this technique is the low-cost, high specificity, and simplicity. In addition, it is highly reproducible and can be performed within a single day. PMID:25474355

Ahmed, Sarah A; van den Ende, Bert H G Gerrits; Fahal, Ahmed H; van de Sande, Wendy W J; de Hoog, G S

2014-12-01

358

ISOTHERMAL AIR INGRESS VALIDATION EXPERIMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Idaho National Laboratory carried out air ingress experiments as part of validating computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations. An isothermal test loop was designed and set to understand the stratified-flow phenomenon, which is important as the initial air flow into the lower plenum of the very high temperature gas cooled reactor (VHTR) when a large break loss-of-coolant accident occurs. The unique flow characteristics were focused on the VHTR air-ingress accident, in particular, the flow visualization of the stratified flow in the inlet pipe to the vessel lower plenum of the General Atomic’s Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR). Brine and sucrose were used as heavy fluids, and water was used to represent a light fluid, which mimics a counter current flow due to the density difference between the stimulant fluids. The density ratios were changed between 0.87 and 0.98. This experiment clearly showed that a stratified flow between simulant fluids was established even for very small density differences. The CFD calculations were compared with experimental data. A grid sensitivity study on CFD models was also performed using the Richardson extrapolation and the grid convergence index method for the numerical accuracy of CFD calculations . As a result, the calculated current speed showed very good agreement with the experimental data, indicating that the current CFD methods are suitable for predicting density gradient stratified flow phenomena in the air-ingress accident.

Chang H Oh; Eung S Kim

2011-09-01

359

Biomedical Use of Isothermal Microcalorimeters  

PubMed Central

Isothermal microcalorimetry is becoming widely used for monitoring biological activities in vitro. Microcalorimeters are now able to measure heat production rates of less than a microwatt. As a result, metabolism and growth of relatively small numbers of cultured bacteria, protozoans, human cells and even small animals can be monitored continuously and extremely accurately at any chosen temperature. Dynamic effects on these organisms of changes in the culture environment—or of additions to it—are easily assessed over periods from hours to days. In addition microcalorimetry is a non-destructive method that does not require much sample preparation. It is also completely passive and thus allows subsequent evaluations of any kind on the undisturbed sample. In this review, we present a basic description of current microcalorimetry instruments and an overview of their use for various biomedical applications. These include detecting infections, evaluating effects of pharmaceutical or antimicrobial agents on cells, monitoring growth of cells harvested for tissue eingineering, and assessing medical and surgical device material physico-chemical stability and cellular biocompatibility. PMID:22163413

Braissant, Olivier; Wirz, Dieter; Göpfert, Beat; Daniels, A.U.

2010-01-01

360

Complement amplification revisited.  

PubMed

Complement amplification in blood takes place not only on activating surfaces, but in plasma as well, where it is maintained primarily by C3b2-IgG complexes. Regular products of C3 activation in serum, these complexes are inherently very efficient precursors of the alternative pathway C3 convertase. Moreover, they can bind properdin bivalently, thus creating preferred sites for convertase formation. C3b2-IgG complexes have a half-life that is substantially longer than that of free C3b, since both C3b molecules are partially protected from inactivation by factor H and I. These complexes are preferentially generated on certain naturally occurring and induced antibodies that exhibit a paratope-independent affinity for C3/C3b. Such antibodies are known to stimulate alternative complement pathway activation. We have assembled the evidence for the generation and the functional potency of the C3b2-IgG complexes, which have been studied during the last two decades. We illustrate their roles in immune complex solubilization, phagocytosis, immune response, and their ability to initiate devastating effects in ischemia/reperfusion and in aggravating inflammation. PMID:16023211

Lutz, Hans U; Jelezarova, Emiliana

2006-01-01

361

Isolation and Amplification of mRNA within a Simple Microfluidic Lab on a Chip  

PubMed Central

The major modules for realizing molecular biological assays in a micro total analysis system (?TAS) were developed for the detection of pathogenic organisms. The specific focus was the isolation and amplification of eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA) within a simple, single-channel device for very low RNA concentrations that could then be integrated with detection modules. The hsp70 mRNA from Cryptosporidium parvum was used as a model analyte. Important points of study were surface chemistries within poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microfluidic channels that enabled specific and sensitive mRNA isolation and amplification reactions for very low mRNA concentrations. Optimal conditions were achieved when the channel surface was carboxylated via UV/ozone treatment followed by the immobilization of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers on the surface, thus increasing the immobilization efficiency of the thymidine oligonucleotide, oligo(dT)25, and providing a reliable surface for the amplification reaction, importantly, without the need for blocking agents. Additional chemical modifications of the remaining active surface groups were studied to avoid non-specific capturing of nucleic acids and hindering of the mRNA amplification at low RNA concentrations. Amplification of the mRNA was accomplished using nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA), an isothermal, primer-dependent technique. Positive controls consisting of previously generated NASBA amplicons could be diluted 1015 fold and still result in successful on-chip re-amplification. Finally, the successful isolation and amplification of mRNA from as few as 30 C. parvum oocysts was demonstrated directly on-chip and compared to bench-top devices. This is the first proof of successful mRNA isolation and NASBA-based amplification of mRNA within a simple microfluidic device in relevant analytical volumes. PMID:24328414

Reinholt, Sarah J.; Behrent, Arne; Greene, Cassandra; Kalfe, Ayten; Baeumner, Antje J.

2014-01-01

362

The Complexity of Hardness Amplification and Derandomization  

E-print Network

The Complexity of Hardness Amplification and Derandomization A thesis presented by Emanuele Viola Emanuele Viola The Complexity of Hardness Amplification and Derandomization Abstract This thesis studies of hardness amplification and deran­ domization. Hardness amplification is the task of taking a function

Viola, Emanuele

363

ISOFIT - A PROGRAM FOR FITTING SORPTION ISOTHERMS TO EXPERIMENTAL DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

Isotherm expressions are important for describing the partitioning of contaminants in environmental systems. ISOFIT (ISOtherm FItting Tool) is a software program that fits isotherm parameters to experimental data via the minimization of a weighted sum of squared error (WSSE) obje...

364

Rapid detection of human rotavirus using colorimetric nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA)–enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in sewage treatment effluent  

Microsoft Academic Search

A colorimetric nucleic acid sequence-based amplification–enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NASBA-ELISA) was developed for rapid detection and identification of human rotavirus. Oligonucleotide primers targeting gene 9 encoding a serotype-specific antigen VP7 were selected and used for the amplification of viral RNA by the isothermal NASBA process, resulting in the accumulation of biotinylated RNA amplicons. Amplicons were hybridized with a specific amino-linked oligonucleotide

Julie Jean; Burton Blais; André Darveau

2002-01-01

365

Non-crosslinking gold nanoprobes for detection of nucleic acid sequence-based amplification products.  

PubMed

Lack of an appropriate detection method for isothermal RNA amplification technique, known as nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA), is considered as a major defect for its vast applications. In that regard, novel detection methods as fast, specific, and sensitive as the gold nanoprobe detection technique are highly demanded and non-crosslinking gold nanoprobes are regarded as the ideal choice. In this study, we attempted to integrate these two techniques (RNA amplification and nanoprobe detection) into a single detection-associated amplification method. In that line, essential adjustments such as amplicon dilution, disturbing reagent extraction, ion adjustment, and modification of the hybridization protocol were needed due to the ribonucleic acid nature of NASBA products and the presence of some interfering reagents in the amplification reaction environment. The adjustments successfully resulted in the gold nanoparticle-based detection of NASBA products with naked eyes in a whole operational time of less than 3.5h (including nucleic acid extraction, amplification, and detection). Furthermore, the developed assay was successfully applied to detect dnaK messenger RNA of Salmonella typhimurium. The developed colorimetric method facilitated the detection step of NASBA leading to an ideal methodology for rapid assays and serves as an ideal alternative to the highly expensive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) approach. PMID:22449495

Mollasalehi, Hamidreza; Yazdanparast, Razieh

2012-06-15

366

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification for rapid detection of Chinese sacbrood virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese sacbrood virus (CSBV) has emerged as an important etiologic agent of honeybee infections and is lethal for individual bees, even causing the collapse of entire colonies. Although diagnostic methods for CSBV have been established in many clinical laboratories, application of these methods is largely restricted by the apparatus needed to carry out the reaction and by cost, therefore a

Mingxiao Ma; Chen Ma; Mng Li; Shuquan Wang; Song Yang; Shude Wang

2011-01-01

367

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli in sugarcane  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Ratoon stunt, caused by the xylem-limited coryneform bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx), is prevalent in most sugarcane-planting countries. Because the disease does not cause characteristic external symptoms, a laboratory-based technique is needed for accurate diagnosis. Based on loop-mediat...

368

Development of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli in sugarcane  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Ratoon stunt, caused by the xylem-limited coryneform bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx), is prevalent in most sugarcane-producing countries. Because the disease does not cause characteristic external symptoms, a laboratory-based technique is needed for accurate diagnosis. We developed a diag...

369

Detection of phytoplasma by loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Napier stunt phytoplasma (16SrXI and 16SrIII) in eastern Africa is a serious threat to the expansion of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) farming in the region, where it is widely cultivated as fodder in zero grazing livestock systems. The grass has high potential for bio-fuel production, and has been adopted by farmers as a countermeasure to cereal stem borer Lepidoptera, since

E. Obura; D. Masiga; F. Wachira; B. Gurja; Z. R. Khan

2011-01-01

370

Adsorption Isotherms and Surface Reaction Kinetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains an error that occurs in calculating the conditions for a maximum value of a rate expression for a bimolecular reaction. The rate expression is derived using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm to relate gas pressures and corresponding surface coverages. (GS)

Lobo, L. S.; Bernardo, C. A.

1974-01-01

371

Isothermal compressibility in binary platinum based melts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The method based on concentration dependences of density and formation heat values for determination of fluctuation structure factors and isothermal compressibility has been used for binary Pt-Si and Pt-Sn melts.

Kosnureva, I. G.; Spiridonov, M. A.; Mitko, M. M.; Chentsov, V. P.

2008-02-01

372

Uncertainties in Site Amplification Estimation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically geophysical profiles (layer thickness, velocity, density, Q) and dynamic soil properties (modulus and damping versus strain curves) are used with appropriate input ground motions in a soil response computer code to estimate site amplification. Uncertainties in observations can be used to generate a distribution of possible site amplifications. The biggest sources of uncertainty in site amplifications estimates are the uncertainties in (1) input ground motions, (2) shear-wave velocities (Vs), (3) dynamic soil properties, (4) soil response code used, and (5) dynamic pore pressure effects. A study of site amplification was conducted for the 1 km thick Mississippi embayment sediments beneath Memphis, Tennessee (see USGS OFR 04-1294 on the web). In this study, the first three sources of uncertainty resulted in a combined coefficient of variation of 10 to 60 percent. The choice of soil response computer program can lead to uncertainties in median estimates of +/- 50 percent. Dynamic pore pressure effects due to the passing of seismic waves in saturated soft sediments are normally not considered in site-amplification studies and can contribute further large uncertainties in site amplification estimates. The effects may range from dilatancy and high-frequency amplification (such as observed at some sites during the 1993 Kushiro-Oki, Japan and 2001 Nisqually, Washington earthquakes) or general soil failure and deamplification of ground motions (such as observed at Treasure Island during the 1989 Loma Prieta, California earthquake). Examples of two case studies using geotechnical data for downhole arrays in Kushiro, Japan and the Wildlife Refuge, California using one dynamic code, NOAH, will be presented as examples of modeling uncertainties associated with these effects. Additionally, an example of inversion for estimates of in-situ dilatancy-related geotechnical modeling parameters will be presented for the Kushiro, Japan site.

Cramer, C. H.; Bonilla, F.; Hartzell, S.

2004-12-01

373

Chromosomal destabilization during gene amplification.  

PubMed Central

Acentric extrachromosomal elements, such as submicroscopic autonomously replicating circular molecules (episomes) and double minute chromosomes, are common early, and in some cases initial, intermediates of gene amplification in many drug-resistant and tumor cell lines. In order to gain a more complete understanding of the amplification process, we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which such extrachromosomal elements are generated and we traced the fate of these amplification intermediates over time. The model system consists of a Chinese hamster cell line (L46) created by gene transfer in which the initial amplification product was shown previously to be an unstable extrachromosomal element containing an inverted duplication spanning more than 160 kilobases (J. C. Ruiz and G. M. Wahl, Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:4302-4313, 1988). In this study, we show that these molecules were formed by a process involving chromosomal deletion. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed at multiple time points on cells with amplified sequences. These studies reveal that the extrachromosomal molecules rapidly integrate into chromosomes, often near or at telomeres, and once integrated, the amplified sequences are themselves unstable. These data provide a molecular and cytogenetic chronology for gene amplification in this model system; an early event involves deletion to generate extrachromosomal elements, and subsequent integration of these elements precipitates a cascade of chromosome instability. Images PMID:2188107

Ruiz, J C; Wahl, G M

1990-01-01

374

Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by recombinase polymerase amplification.  

PubMed

Improved access to effective tests for diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) has been designated a public health priority by the World Health Organisation. In high burden TB countries nucleic acid based TB tests have been restricted to centralised laboratories and specialised research settings. Requirements such as a constant electrical supply, air conditioning and skilled, computer literate operators prevent implementation of such tests in many settings. Isothermal DNA amplification technologies permit the use of simpler, less energy intensive detection platforms more suited to low resource settings that allow the accurate diagnosis of a disease within a short timeframe. Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RPA) is a rapid, low temperature isothermal DNA amplification reaction. We report here RPA-based detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) DNA in <20 minutes at 39 °C. Assays for two MTC specific targets were investigated, IS6110 and IS1081. When testing purified MTC genomic DNA, limits of detection of 6.25 fg (IS6110) and 20 fg (IS1081)were consistently achieved. When testing a convenience sample of pulmonary specimens from suspected TB patients, RPA demonstrated superior accuracy to indirect fluorescence microscopy. Compared to culture, sensitivities for the IS1081 RPA and microscopy were 91.4% (95%CI: 85, 97.9) and 86.1% (95%CI: 78.1, 94.1) respectively (n = 71). Specificities were 100% and 88.6% (95% CI: 80.8, 96.1) respectively. For the IS6110 RPA and microscopy sensitivities of 87.5% (95%CI: 81.7, 93.2) and 70.8% (95%CI: 62.9, 78.7) were obtained (n = 90). Specificities were 95.4 (95% CI: 92.3,98.1) and 88% (95% CI: 83.6, 92.4) respectively. The superior specificity of RPA for detecting tuberculosis was due to the reduced ability of fluorescence microscopy to distinguish Mtb complex from other acid fast bacteria. The rapid nature of the RPA assay and its low energy requirement compared to other amplification technologies suggest RPA-based TB assays could be of use for integration into a point-of-care test for use in resource constrained settings. PMID:25118698

Boyle, David S; McNerney, Ruth; Teng Low, Hwee; Leader, Brandon Troy; Pérez-Osorio, Ailyn C; Meyer, Jessica C; O'Sullivan, Denise M; Brooks, David G; Piepenburg, Olaf; Forrest, Matthew S

2014-01-01

375

Sequence independent amplification of DNA  

DOEpatents

The present invention is a rapid sequence-independent amplification procedure (SIA). Even minute amounts of DNA from various sources can be amplified independent of any sequence requirements of the DNA or any a priori knowledge of any sequence characteristics of the DNA to be amplified. This method allows, for example, the sequence independent amplification of microdissected chromosomal material and the reliable construction of high quality fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) probes from YACs or from other sources. These probes can be used to localize YACs on metaphase chromosomes but also--with high efficiency--in interphase nuclei. 25 figs.

Bohlander, S.K.

1998-03-24

376

Comprehensive human genome amplification using multiple displacement amplification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental to most genetic analysis is availability of genomic DNA of adequate quality and quantity. Because DNA yield from human samples is frequently limiting, much effort has been invested in developing methods for whole genome amplification (WGA) by random or degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR. However, existing WGA methods like degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR suffer from incomplete coverage and inadequate average DNA size.

Frank B. Dean; Seiyu Hosono; Linhua Fang; Xiaohong Wu; A. Fawad Faruqi; Patricia Bray-Ward; Zhenyu Sun; Qiuling Zong; Yuefen Du; Jing Du; Mark Driscoll; Wanmin Song; Stephen F. Kingsmore; Michael Egholm; Roger S. Lasken

2002-01-01

377

Charge trapping and stability in dielectrics deduced from isothermal and non-isothermal measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanisms of charge transport and trapping, in highly insulating polymers, can not be investigated properly by a unique (isothermal or nonisothermal) technique. Should the trapping time be high, the isothermal discharging time can be very long with the consequence that the discharging current becomes very low but there is still charge trapped in the sample. By sequential use of

J. N. Marat-Mendes; E. R. Neagu

2002-01-01

378

Optical chirped beam amplification and propagation  

DOEpatents

A short pulse laser system uses dispersive optics in a chirped-beam amplification architecture to produce high peak power pulses and high peak intensities without the potential for intensity dependent damage to downstream optical components after amplification.

Barty, Christopher P.

2004-10-12

379

Microwave amplification with nanomechanical resonators  

E-print Network

Sensitive measurement of electrical signals is at the heart of modern science and technology. According to quantum mechanics, any detector or amplifier is required to add a certain amount of noise to the signal, equaling at best the energy of quantum fluctuations. The quantum limit of added noise has nearly been reached with superconducting devices which take advantage of nonlinearities in Josephson junctions. Here, we introduce a new paradigm of amplification of microwave signals with the help of a mechanical oscillator. By relying on the radiation pressure force on a nanomechanical resonator, we provide an experimental demonstration and an analytical description of how the injection of microwaves induces coherent stimulated emission and signal amplification. This scheme, based on two linear oscillators, has the advantage of being conceptually and practically simpler than the Josephson junction devices, and, at the same time, has a high potential to reach quantum limited operation. With a measured signal amplification of 25 decibels and the addition of 20 quanta of noise, we anticipate near quantum-limited mechanical microwave amplification is feasible in various applications involving integrated electrical circuits.

F. Massel; T. T. Heikkilä; J. -M. Pirkkalainen; S. U. Cho; H. Saloniemi; P. Hakonen; M. A. Sillanpää

2011-07-25

380

Isothermal solidification in a binary alloy melt  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A space shuttle experiment employing the General Purpose (Rocket) Furnace (GPF) in its isothermal mode of operation is manifested on MSL-3, circa 1989. The central aim of this experiment is to investigate the effect of reduced gravity levels on the segregation behavior in a slowly, and isothermally, cooled sample of a binary Pb-15 wt percent Sn alloy. This experiment would thus be able to simulate, in a small laboratory sample, about 20 mm dia 60 mm high and weighing about 150 grams, some aspects of the segregation phenomena occurring in large industrial ingots. Ground-based experiments conducted in the single-cavity simulator of the GPF, located at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), in support of the microgravity experiment are described in detail. The results of the MSFC experiments are compared with other related experiments conducted at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), wherein the isothermal constraints were relaxed.

Laxmanan, V.

1988-01-01

381

Evaporation Induced Isothermal Crystallization of Silicate Melt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to investigate and role of evaporation and crystallization kinetics for silicate melt, isothermal vacuum experiments were carried out in the system MgO-SiO2. Due to successive evaporation, melt crystallized olivine at a fixed temperature. The evaporation rates and bulk chemical composition of residues varied with time, and reached a steady state. The pressure-composition phase diagram for the system at a fixed temperature well explains the experimental results. The results suggest a possibility of isothermal formation of chondrules (and some CAIs) at low pressures where evaporation takes place continuously.

Nagahara, H.

1996-03-01

382

Isotherms clustering in cosmic microwave background  

E-print Network

Since the strong clustering of luminous matter in the observable universe is a consequence of an initial non-uniformity of the baryon-photon fluid in the last scattering surface, an investigation of clustering of the isotherms in the cosmic microwave background has been performed. The isotherms clustering has been related to the baryon-photon fluid dynamics and the Taylor-microscale Reynolds number of this motion is estimated to be $10^2$. 3-year WMAP cosmic microwave background map has been used in this investigation.

A. Bershadskii

2006-08-21

383

Reliable amplification method for bacterial RNA.  

PubMed

DNA microarray technology has been increasingly applied for studies of clinical samples. Frequently, RNA probes from clinical samples are available in limited amounts. We describe a reliable amplification method for bacterial RNA. We verified this method on mycobacterial RNA applying mycobacterial genome-directed primers (mtGDPs). Glass slide-based oligoarrays were employed to assess the quality of the amplification method. We observed a relatively small bias in amplified RNA pool when compared to the unamplified one. Up to 1000-fold linear RNA amplification in a single amplification round was obtained. To our knowledge, this study describes the first amplification method for mycobacterial RNA. PMID:16603269

Rachman, Helmy; Lee, Jong Seok; Angermann, Joerg; Kowall, Jane; Kaufmann, Stefan H E

2006-10-20

384

An isothermal calorimeter with sample temperature control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an isothermal calorimeter using an improved method for controlling the sample temperature. As in conventional instruments the heat generated by the sample flows through a thermal resistance into a water jacket and the resultant temperature difference, which is proportional to the rate of heat generation of the sample, is measured. But whereas normally the sample temperature is

L L van Zyl

1964-01-01

385

A thermodynamic model for gas adsorption isotherms  

SciTech Connect

In this paper based on the principle of solution thermodynamics for gas-solid equilibrium, a relation is developed to express gas adsorption isotherms. An activity coefficient model based on weight fraction of sorbate in the solid phase has been derived that well describes the behavior of various gases on different types of adsorbents. The proposed model has been evaluated and compared with four other models commonly used for gas adsorption isotherms in the literature. For 12 different systems at various isotherms for the temperature range {minus}128 to 100 C and the pressure range 0.02 to 1219 kPa for 689 data points, the proposed model predicts equilibrium pressure with an average deviation of 5.3%, which is about half of the error obtained from other methods. The proposed model clearly outperforms other available methods such as the vacancy solution theory, the ideal adsorption solution model, and other various modified forms of the Langmuir isotherm. Unique features of the proposed model are its simplicity, generality, and accuracy over the entire pressure and temperature ranges.

Riazi, M.R.; Khan, A.R. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Chemical Engineering Dept.] [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Chemical Engineering Dept.

1999-02-15

386

Performance Characteristics of an Isothermal Freeze Valve  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses performance characteristics of an isothermal freeze valve. A freeze valve has been specified for draining the DWPF melter at the end of its lifetime. Two freeze valve designs have been evaluated on the Small Cylindrical Melter-2 (SCM-2). In order to size the DWPF freeze valve, the basic principles governing freeze valve behavior need to be identified and understood.

Hailey, A.E.

2001-08-22

387

Isothermal Titration Calorimetry in the Student Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is the measurement of the heat produced by the stepwise addition of one substance to another. It is a common experimental technique, for example, in pharmaceutical science, to measure equilibrium constants and reaction enthalpies. We describe a stirring device and an injection pump that can be used with a…

Wadso, Lars; Li, Yujing; Li, Xi

2011-01-01

388

Recombinase polymerase amplification as a promising tool in hepatitis C virus diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a significant health problem and represents a heavy load on some countries like Egypt in which about 20% of the total population are infected. Initial infection is usually asymptomatic and result in chronic hepatitis that give rise to complications including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The management of HCV infection should not only be focus on therapy, but also to screen carrier individuals in order to prevent transmission. In the present, molecular detection and quantification of HCV genome by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) represent the gold standard in HCV diagnosis and plays a crucial role in the management of therapeutic regimens. However, real time PCR is a complicated approach and of limited distribution. On the other hand, isothermal DNA amplification techniques have been developed and offer molecular diagnosis of infectious dieses at point-of-care. In this review we discuss recombinase polymerase amplification technique and illustrate its diagnostic value over both PCR and other isothermal amplification techniques. PMID:25544878

Zaghloul, Hosam; El-shahat, Mahmoud

2014-01-01

389

Cosolvent effects on sorption isotherm linearity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sorption-desorption hysteresis, slow desorption kinetics, and other nonideal phenomena have been attributed to the differing sorptive characteristics of the natural organic polymers associated with soils and sediments. In this study, aqueous and mixed solvent systems were used to investigate the effects of a cosolvent, methanol, on sorption isotherm linearity with natural organic matter (NOM), and to evaluate whether these results support, or weaken, the rubbery/glassy polymer conceptualization of NOM. All of the sorption isotherms displayed some nonlinear character. Our data indicates that all of the phenanthrene and atrazine isotherms were nonlinear up to the highest equilibrium solution concentration to solute solubility in water or cosolvent ratios ( Ce/ Sw,c) used, approximately 0.018 and 0.070, respectively. Isotherm linearity was also observed to increase with volumetric methanol content ( fc). This observation is consistent with the NOM rubbery/glassy polymer conceptualization: the presence of methanol in NOM increased isotherm linearity as do solvents in synthetic polymers, and suggests that methanol is interacting with the NOM, enhancing its homogeneity as a sorptive phase so that sorption is less bimodal as fc increases. When the equilibrium solution concentration was normalized for solute solubility in water or methanol-water solutions, greater relative sorption magnitude was observed for the methanol-water treatments. This observation, in conjunction with the faster sorption kinetics observed in the methanol-water sediment column systems, indicates that the increase in relative sorption magnitude with fc may be attributed to the faster sorption kinetics in the methanol-water systems, and hence, greater relative sorptive uptake for the rubbery polymer fraction of NOM at similar time scales.

Bouchard, Dermont C.

2002-06-01

390

Frequency domain optical parametric amplification  

PubMed Central

Today’s ultrafast lasers operate at the physical limits of optical materials to reach extreme performances. Amplification of single-cycle laser pulses with their corresponding octave-spanning spectra still remains a formidable challenge since the universal dilemma of gain narrowing sets limits for both real level pumped amplifiers as well as parametric amplifiers. We demonstrate that employing parametric amplification in the frequency domain rather than in time domain opens up new design opportunities for ultrafast laser science, with the potential to generate single-cycle multi-terawatt pulses. Fundamental restrictions arising from phase mismatch and damage threshold of nonlinear laser crystals are not only circumvented but also exploited to produce a synergy between increased seed spectrum and increased pump energy. This concept was successfully demonstrated by generating carrier envelope phase stable, 1.43?mJ two-cycle pulses at 1.8??m wavelength. PMID:24805968

Schmidt, Bruno E.; Thiré, Nicolas; Boivin, Maxime; Laramée, Antoine; Poitras, François; Lebrun, Guy; Ozaki, Tsuneyuki; Ibrahim, Heide; Légaré, François

2014-01-01

391

Hybrid chirped pulse amplification system  

DOEpatents

A hybrid chirped pulse amplification system wherein a short-pulse oscillator generates an oscillator pulse. The oscillator pulse is stretched to produce a stretched oscillator seed pulse. A pump laser generates a pump laser pulse. The stretched oscillator seed pulse and the pump laser pulse are directed into an optical parametric amplifier producing an optical parametric amplifier output amplified signal pulse and an optical parametric amplifier output unconverted pump pulse. The optical parametric amplifier output amplified signal pulse and the optical parametric amplifier output laser pulse are directed into a laser amplifier producing a laser amplifier output pulse. The laser amplifier output pulse is compressed to produce a recompressed hybrid chirped pulse amplification pulse.

Barty, Christopher P.; Jovanovic, Igor

2005-03-29

392

Applications of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplificaton Methods (LAMP) for Identification and Diagnosis of Mycotic Diseases: Paracoccidioidomycosis and Ochroconis gallopava infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) methods are now useful for the detection of a specific gene in infectious diseases,\\u000a genetic diseases, and\\/or genetic disorders in the large number of medical fields, and it was recently introduced to fungal\\u000a investigation. It is characterized by the use of four different primers specifically designed to recognize six distinct regions\\u000a of the target gene, and

Ayako Sano; Eiko Nakagawa Itano

393

Isothermal blast wave model of supernova remnants  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The validity of the 'adiabatic' assumption in supernova-remnant calculations is examined, and the alternative extreme of an isothermal blast wave is explored. It is concluded that, because of thermal conductivity, the large temperature gradients predicted by the adiabatic model probably are not maintained in nature. Self-similar solutions to the hydrodynamic equations for an isothermal blast wave have been found and studied. These solutions are then used to determine the relationship between X-ray observations and inferred parameters of supernova remnants. A comparison of the present results with those for the adiabatic model indicates differences which are less than present observational uncertainties. It is concluded that most parameters of supernova remnants inferred from X-ray measurements are relatively insensitive to the specifics of the blast-wave model.

Solinger, A.; Buff, J.; Rappaport, S.

1975-01-01

394

Label-free and ultrasensitive colorimetric detection of DNA based on target-triggered quadratic amplification strategy.  

PubMed

Highly sensitive detection of DNA plays a crucial role in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis. Herein, we developed a simple, label-free, isothermal, and ultrasensitive colorimetric method for amplified detection of DNA on the basis of a new quadratic amplification strategy. With the presence of three ingeniously designed hairpin structures and Exonuclease III (Exo III), the target DNA can trigger two independent cycles of reactions: hairpin assembly reaction and Exo III cleavage reaction, which are designed to initiate target DNA recycling amplification and reporter DNA amplification, respectively. Therefore, the proposed method exhibits a high sensitivity toward target DNA with a detection limit of as low as 81 fM, and it can discriminate mismatched DNA from completely matched target DNA. Furthermore, this method could be used as a universal tool for the detection of various DNA sequences and might be further extended for the detection of aptamer-binding molecules. PMID:25437364

Wu, Hao; Liu, Yaling; Wang, Hongyong; Wu, Jun; Zhu, Feifan; Zou, Pei

2015-04-15

395

On the Isothermality of Solar Plasmas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent measurements have shown that the quiet unstructured solar corona observed at the solar limb is close to isothermal, at a temperature that does not appear to change over wide areas or with time. Some in dividual active loop structures have also been found to be nearly iso thermal both along their axis and across their cross-section. Even a complex active region observed at the solar limb has been found to be composed of three distinct isothermal plasmas. If confirmed, these r esults would pose formidable challenges to the current theoretical understanding of the thermal structure and heating of the solar corona. For example, no current theoretical model can explain the excess dens ities and lifetimes of many observed loops if the loops are in fact i sothermal. All of these measurements are based on the so-called emiss ion measure (EM) diagnostic technique that is applied to a set of opt ically thin lines under the assumption of isothermal plasma. It provi des simultaneous measurement of both the temperature and EM. However, no study has ever been carried out to quantify the uncertainties in the technique and to rigorously assess its ability to discriminate bet ween isothermal and multithermal plasmas. Such a study is the topic o f the present work. We define a formal measure of the uncertainty in the EM diagnostic technique that can easily be applied to real data. We here apply it to synthetic data based on a variety of assumed plas ma thermal distributions, and develop a method to quantitatively asse ss the degree of multithermality of a plasma.

Landi, E.; Klimchuk, J. A.

2010-01-01

396

Isothermal crystallization kinetics of refined palm oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The induction times for the crystallization, under isothermal conditions, of refined, bleached, and deodorized palm oil from\\u000a the melt were studied by viscometry. At temperatures below 295 K, the crystallization of palm oil was observed to occur in\\u000a a two-stage process. This two-stage process was caused by the fractionation of palm oil, most probably into the stearin and\\u000a olein fractions.

C. W. Chen; O. M. Lai; H. M. Ghazali; C. L. Chong

2002-01-01

397

Dynamics and Control of DNA Sequence Amplification  

E-print Network

DNA amplification is the process of replication of a specified DNA sequence \\emph{in vitro} through time-dependent manipulation of its external environment. A theoretical framework for determination of the optimal dynamic operating conditions of DNA amplification reactions, for any specified amplification objective, is presented based on first-principles biophysical modeling and control theory. Amplification of DNA is formulated as a problem in control theory with optimal solutions that can differ considerably from strategies typically used in practice. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) as an example, sequence-dependent biophysical models for DNA amplification are cast as control systems, wherein the dynamics of the reaction are controlled by a manipulated input variable. Using these control systems, we demonstrate that there exists an optimal temperature cycling strategy for geometric amplification of any DNA sequence and formulate optimal control problems that can be used to derive the optimal tempe...

Marimuthu, Karthikeyan

2014-01-01

398

Rapid screening for human-pathogenic Mucorales using rolling circle amplification.  

PubMed

Mucormycosis has emerged as a relatively common severe mycosis in patients with haematological and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Source of transmission is from unidentified sources in the environment. Early diagnosis of infection and its source of contamination are paramount for rapid and appropriate therapy. In this study, rolling circle amplification (RCA) is introduced as a sensitive, specific and reproducible isothermal DNA amplification technique for rapid molecular identification of six of the most virulent species (Rhizopus microsporus, R. arrhizus var. arrhizus, R. arrhizus var. delemar, Mucor irregularis, Mucor circinelloides, Lichtheimia ramosa, Lichtheimia corymbifera). DNAs of target species were successfully amplified, with no cross reactivity between species. RCA can be considered as a rapid detection method with high specificity and sensitivity, suitable for large screening. PMID:25187214

Dolatabadi, S; Najafzadeh, M J; de Hoog, G S

2014-12-01

399

Chemical Amplification with Encapsulated Reagents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Autocatalysis and chemical amplification are characteristic properties of living systems, and they give rise to behaviors such as increased sensitivity, responsiveness, and self-replication. Here we report a synthetic system in which a unique form of compartmentalization leads to nonlinear, autocatalytic behavior. The compartment is a reversibly formed capsule in which a reagent is sequestered. Reaction products displace the reagent from the capsule into solution and the reaction rate is accelerated. The resulting self-regulation is sensitive to the highly selective molecular recognition properties of the capsule.

Chen, Jian; Koemer, Steffi; Craig, Stephen; Lin, Shirley; Rudkevich, Dmitry M.; Rebek, Julius, Jr.

2002-01-01

400

Instrument-free nucleic acid amplification assays for global health settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many infectious diseases that affect global health are most accurately diagnosed through nucleic acid amplification and detection. However, existing nucleic acid amplification tests are too expensive and complex for most low-resource settings. The small numbers of centralized laboratories that exist in developing countries tend to be in urban areas and primarily cater to the affluent. In contrast, rural area health care facilities commonly have only basic equipment and health workers have limited training and little ability to maintain equipment and handle reagents.1 Reliable electric power is a common infrastructure shortfall. In this paper, we discuss a practical approach to the design and development of non-instrumented molecular diagnostic tests that exploit the benefits of isothermal amplification strategies. We identify modular instrument-free technologies for sample collection, sample preparation, amplification, heating, and detection. By appropriately selecting and integrating these instrument-free modules, we envision development of an easy to use, infrastructure independent diagnostic test that will enable increased use of highly accurate molecular diagnostics at the point of care in low-resource settings.

LaBarre, Paul; Boyle, David; Hawkins, Kenneth; Weigl, Bernhard

2011-06-01

401

Progress in understanding preferential detection of live cells using viability dyes in combination with DNA amplification.  

PubMed

The ideal scenario in most applications of microbial diagnostics is that only viable cells are detected. Bacteria were traditionally considered viable when they could be cultured, whereas today's viability concept tends to be alternatively based on the presence of some form of metabolic activity, a positive energy status, responsiveness, detection of RNA transcripts that tend to degrade rapidly after cell death, or of an intact membrane. The latter criterion, although conservative, was the focus of one of the most successful recent approaches to detect viable cells in combination with DNA amplification techniques. The technology is based on sample treatment with the photoactivatable, and cell membrane impermeant, nucleic acid intercalating dyes ethidium monoazide (EMA) or propidium monoazide (PMA) followed by light exposure prior to extraction of DNA and amplification. Light activation of DNA-bound dye molecules results in irreversible DNA modification and subsequent inhibition of its amplification. Sample pretreatment with viability dyes has so far been mainly used in combination with PCR (leading to the term viability PCR, v-PCR), and increasingly with isothermal amplification method. The principle is not limited to bacteria, but has also successfully been applied to fungi, protozoa and viruses. Despite the success of the method, some practical limitations have been identified, especially when applied to environmental samples. In part they can be minimized by choice of experimental parameters and conditions adequate for a particular sample. This review summarizes current knowledge and presents aspects which are important when designing experiments employing viability dyes. PMID:22940102

Fittipaldi, Mariana; Nocker, Andreas; Codony, Francesc

2012-11-01

402

Single Cell Transcriptome Amplification with MALBAC  

PubMed Central

Recently, Multiple Annealing and Looping-Based Amplification Cycles (MALBAC) has been developed for whole genome amplification of an individual cell, relying on quasilinear instead of exponential amplification to achieve high coverage. Here we adapt MALBAC for single-cell transcriptome amplification, which gives consistently high detection efficiency, accuracy and reproducibility. With this newly developed technique, we successfully amplified and sequenced single cells from 3 germ layers from mouse embryos in the early gastrulation stage, and examined the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program among cells in the mesoderm layer on a single-cell level. PMID:25822772

Tan, Longzhi; Tang, Fuchou; Xie, X. Sunney

2015-01-01

403

Dynamics and control of DNA sequence amplification.  

PubMed

DNA amplification is the process of replication of a specified DNA sequence in vitro through time-dependent manipulation of its external environment. A theoretical framework for determination of the optimal dynamic operating conditions of DNA amplification reactions, for any specified amplification objective, is presented based on first-principles biophysical modeling and control theory. Amplification of DNA is formulated as a problem in control theory with optimal solutions that can differ considerably from strategies typically used in practice. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction as an example, sequence-dependent biophysical models for DNA amplification are cast as control systems, wherein the dynamics of the reaction are controlled by a manipulated input variable. Using these control systems, we demonstrate that there exists an optimal temperature cycling strategy for geometric amplification of any DNA sequence and formulate optimal control problems that can be used to derive the optimal temperature profile. Strategies for the optimal synthesis of the DNA amplification control trajectory are proposed. Analogous methods can be used to formulate control problems for more advanced amplification objectives corresponding to the design of new types of DNA amplification reactions. PMID:25362284

Marimuthu, Karthikeyan; Chakrabarti, Raj

2014-10-28

404

Dynamics and control of DNA sequence amplification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DNA amplification is the process of replication of a specified DNA sequence in vitro through time-dependent manipulation of its external environment. A theoretical framework for determination of the optimal dynamic operating conditions of DNA amplification reactions, for any specified amplification objective, is presented based on first-principles biophysical modeling and control theory. Amplification of DNA is formulated as a problem in control theory with optimal solutions that can differ considerably from strategies typically used in practice. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction as an example, sequence-dependent biophysical models for DNA amplification are cast as control systems, wherein the dynamics of the reaction are controlled by a manipulated input variable. Using these control systems, we demonstrate that there exists an optimal temperature cycling strategy for geometric amplification of any DNA sequence and formulate optimal control problems that can be used to derive the optimal temperature profile. Strategies for the optimal synthesis of the DNA amplification control trajectory are proposed. Analogous methods can be used to formulate control problems for more advanced amplification objectives corresponding to the design of new types of DNA amplification reactions.

Marimuthu, Karthikeyan; Chakrabarti, Raj

2014-10-01

405

Dynamics and control of DNA sequence amplification  

SciTech Connect

DNA amplification is the process of replication of a specified DNA sequence in vitro through time-dependent manipulation of its external environment. A theoretical framework for determination of the optimal dynamic operating conditions of DNA amplification reactions, for any specified amplification objective, is presented based on first-principles biophysical modeling and control theory. Amplification of DNA is formulated as a problem in control theory with optimal solutions that can differ considerably from strategies typically used in practice. Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction as an example, sequence-dependent biophysical models for DNA amplification are cast as control systems, wherein the dynamics of the reaction are controlled by a manipulated input variable. Using these control systems, we demonstrate that there exists an optimal temperature cycling strategy for geometric amplification of any DNA sequence and formulate optimal control problems that can be used to derive the optimal temperature profile. Strategies for the optimal synthesis of the DNA amplification control trajectory are proposed. Analogous methods can be used to formulate control problems for more advanced amplification objectives corresponding to the design of new types of DNA amplification reactions.

Marimuthu, Karthikeyan [Department of Chemical Engineering and Center for Advanced Process Decision-Making, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Chakrabarti, Raj, E-mail: raj@pmc-group.com, E-mail: rajc@andrew.cmu.edu [Department of Chemical Engineering and Center for Advanced Process Decision-Making, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Division of Fundamental Research, PMC Advanced Technology, Mount Laurel, New Jersey 08054 (United States)

2014-10-28

406

An evaluation of direct PCR amplification  

PubMed Central

Aim To generate complete DNA profiles from blood and saliva samples deposited on FTA® and non-FTA® paper substrates following a direct amplification protocol. Methods Saliva samples from living donors and blood samples from deceased individuals were deposited on ten different FTA® and non-FTA® substrates. These ten paper substrates containing body fluids were kept at room temperature for varying lengths of time ranging from one day to approximately one year. For all assays in this research, 1.2 mm punches were collected from each substrate containing one type of body fluid and amplified with reagents provided in the nine commercial polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification kits. The substrates were not subjected to purification reagent or extraction buffer prior to amplification. Results Success rates were calculated for all nine amplification kits and all ten substrates based on their ability to yield complete DNA profiles following a direct amplification protocol. Six out of the nine amplification kits, and four out of the ten paper substrates had the highest success rates overall. Conclusion The data show that it is possible to generate complete DNA profiles following a direct amplification protocol using both standard (non-direct) and direct PCR amplification kits. The generation of complete DNA profiles appears to depend more on the success of the amplification kit rather than the than the FTA®- or non-FTA®-based substrates. PMID:25559837

Hall, Daniel E.; Roy, Reena

2014-01-01

407

Amplification induced by white noise  

E-print Network

We investigate the amplification of the field induced by white noise. In the present study, we study a stochastic equation which has two parameters, the energy $\\omega(\\vec{k})$ of a free particle and the coupling strength $D$ between the field and white noise, where the quantity $\\vec{k}$ represents the momentum of a free particle. This equation is reduced to the equation with one parameter $\\alpha(\\vec{k})$ which is defined as $\\alpha(\\vec{k}) = D (\\omega(\\vec{k}))^{-3/2}$. We obtain the expression of the exponent statistically averaged over the unit time and derive an approximate expression of it. In addition, the exponent is obtained numerically by solving the stochastic equation. We find that the amplification increase