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Sample records for hemangiomas

  1. Capillary Hemangioma

    MedlinePlus

    ... Why do capillary hemangiomas on the eyelids cause vision problems? Capillary Hemangiomas of the eyelid can cause ... a capillary hemangioma in the eye socket cause vision problems? A capillary hemangioma in the eye socket ( ...

  2. Congenital hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Boull, Christina; Maguiness, Sheilagh M

    2016-03-01

    Congenital hemangiomas are rare solitary vascular tumors that do not proliferate after birth. They are characterized as either rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICHs) or noninvoluting congenital hemangiomas (NICHs) based on their clinical progression. NICHs have no associated complications, but are persistent. RICH, while usually asymptomatic, may ulcerate or bleed early in their presentation, but involute quickly during the first few months of life. Hepatic RICHs are not associated with cutaneous RICHs, but may result in high-output cardiac failure due to arteriovenous or portovenous shunting. In the following review, the clinical characteristics and current management specific to congenital hemangiomas is discussed. PMID:27607320

  3. Intramuscular Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Wierzbicki, Joseph M.; Henderson, Jeffrey H.; Scarborough, Mark T.; Bush, Charles H.; Reith, John D.; Clugston, James R.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Intramuscular hemangiomas are common in the general population and often present at medical and surgical clinics. Unfortunately, unfamiliarity with these lesions has led to a high percentage of misdiagnoses, inappropriate workup, and unnecessary referrals. Evidence Acquisition: A literature search was performed using Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane. The relevant articles and referenced sources were reviewed for additional articles that discussed the epidemiology, pathophysiology, investigation, and management of intramuscular hemangiomas. Clinical experience from experts in orthopaedics, musculoskeletal pathology, and musculoskeletal radiology was compared. The selected case studies are shared cases of the authors. Results and Conclusion: The pathophysiology of these lesions is not completely understood, but much can be implied from their underlying vascular nature. Isolated lesions are benign tumors that never metastasize but tend to enlarge and then involute over time. Magnetic resonance imaging is the imaging modality of choice. If a systemic disorder or malignancy is not suspected or has been ruled out, conservative management is the treatment of choice for most intramuscular hemangiomas. PMID:24427416

  4. Treatment of nasal hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Simic, R; Vlahovic, A; Subarevic, V

    2009-10-01

    Hemangiomas are the most common soft tissue tumors of infancy. Almost 60% of these tumors develop in the head and neck region. Nasal hemangiomas, distort human physiognomy and leave long lasting psychological sequelae. Conservative approach (intralesional corticosteroids, laser) may accelerate involution. Proponents of an early surgery suggest that aesthetic improvement during a critical period in child development can be achieved. Fourteen patients with nasal hemangioma were treated during 5-year period (2003-2007) with intralesional corticosteroids, lenticular excision, open rhinoplasty excision, and circular excision with "purse string suture". The first line of treatment for large nasal hemangiomas is intralesional corticosteroids. Excision is indicated for small hemangiomas, while subtotal excision is preferable for large nasal hemangiomas. Circular excision and "purse string suture" is appropriate for prominent hemangiomas with predominant deep component. In our opinion surgery with maximal care for nasal architecture is the treatment option for nasal hemangioma. PMID:19656579

  5. Hemangioma of the maxillary sinus.

    PubMed

    Most, D S

    1985-11-01

    Hemangiomas of the maxillary sinus are rare. Hemangiomas of the maxillary sinus with an associated phlebolith have not been previously reported. Severe bleeding can occur upon surgical removal of hemangiomas. PMID:3864111

  6. Pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Uihlein, Lily Changchien; Liang, Marilyn G; Mulliken, John B

    2012-08-01

    1.Review the key features of the life cycle of infantile hemangiomas.2.Highlight cellular and molecular pathways involved in hemangioma-genesis.3.Discuss theories that may account for hemangioma-genesis.In the past, it was believed that a mother's visual impressions or behavior during pregnancy caused the growth of infantile hemangioma in her unborn child. She might have had an excessive craving for strawberries, witnessed the slaughter of an animal, directly contacted human or animal blood, or mocked a child with a similar birthmark.1 This folklore began to slowly fade once hemangiomas were examined through the light microscope. In 1863, Virchow2 suggested that hemangiomas are composed of proliferating new blood vessels resulting from progressive irritation of tissue. In 1933, Laidlow and Murray3 proposed a phylogenetic origin for hemangiomas and hypothesized that hemangiomas are remnants of vascular tufts functioning as accessory lungs for primitive amphibia. Pack and Miller4 (1950) hypothesized that hemangiomas develop from embryonic islands of angioblastic cells that were isolated from the systemic vasculature during fetal development. PMID:22881413

  7. Birthmarks and Hemangiomas

    MedlinePlus

    ... pediatrician may need to conduct further tests. Port Wine Stains Port wine stains are flat malformations of small blood vessels, ... although they may occur anywhere. Unlike hemangiomas, port wine stains don’t go away, although they sometimes ...

  8. Sector iris hemangioma in association with diffuse choroidal hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Shields, Carol L; Atalay, Hatice Tuba; Wuthisiri, Wadakarn; Levin, Alex V; Lally, Sara E; Shields, Jerry A

    2015-02-01

    Two patients referred for iris lesions were found to have sector hemangioma of the iris stroma in contiguity with diffuse choroidal hemangioma. Neither patient had other manifestations of Sturge-Weber syndrome. PMID:25727597

  9. Ulcerated Hemangioma - Surveillance Only.

    PubMed

    Chiriac, Anca; Chiriac, Anca Eduard; Pinteala, Tudor; Foia, Liliana; Brzezinski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are reported in 10-12% of children less than 1 year of age, with ulceration in about 5-13% of cases. Little is known about the mechanism of this disease and explanations are still being looked for. We present a 4-month-old female infant with haemangioma on the left buttock; the hemangioma was noticed at 2 weeks of age, progressively enlarging and ulcerated. PMID:26431099

  10. Hepatic hemangioma -review-

    PubMed Central

    Bajenaru, N; Balaban, V; Săvulescu, F; Campeanu, I; Patrascu, T

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic hemangiomas are benign tumors of the liver consisting of clusters of blood-filled cavities, lined by endothelial cells, fed by the hepatic artery. The vast majority of HH are asymptomatic, most often being discovered incidentally during imaging investigations for various unrelated pathologies. Typical hemangiomas, the so-called capillary hemangiomas, range from a few mm to 3 cm, do not increase in size over time and therefore are unlikely to generate future symptomatology. Small (mm-3 cm) and medium (3 cm-10 cm) hemangiomas are well-defined lesions, requiring no active treatment beside regular follow-ups. However, the so-called giant liver hemangiomas, of up to 10 cm (most commonly) and even 20+ cm in size (according to occasional reports) can, and usually will develop symptoms and complications that require prompt surgical intervention or other kind of therapy. HH belong to the class of hepatic “incidentalomas”, so-called because they are diagnosed incidentally, on imaging studies performed as routine examinations or for other reasons than the evaluation of a possible liver mass. Less than half of HH present with overt clinical symptoms, consisting, most often, of upper abdominal pain (this is usually the case for large lesions, which cause the distension of Glisson’s capsule). Hepatic hemangiomas require a careful diagnosis to differentiate from other focal hepatic lesions, co-occurring diagnoses are also possible. PMID:26361504

  11. Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Karimi, Saeed; Nourinia, Ramin; Mashayekhi, Arman

    2015-01-01

    Circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas are benign vascular hamartomas without systemic associations. Generally, they are orange-red elevated masses, which are found posterior to the equator. Lesions are usually solitary and unilateral. Overlying subretinal fluid, serous retinal detachment and cystoid macular edema are common findings. Intravenous fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, ultrasonography, optical coherence tomography and enhanced depth imaging are helpful ancillary tests for diagnosis of circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas. Asymptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas do not require treatment. For symptomatic lesions with exudative retinal detachment or cystoid macular edema, photodynamic therapy has emerged as the treatment of choice with high rates of tumor regression, subretinal fluid resorption and minimal complications. Lens-sparing external beam radiotherapy, plaque brachytherapy, proton beam therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, transpupillary thermotherapy, laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF injections are other treatment modalities. PMID:26730320

  12. Ovarian cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Alvarez, M; Cerezo, L

    1986-01-01

    Vascular tumors of the female genital tract are rare, especially those of the ovary. Most cases are small lesions that are discovered incidentally. We describe a 68-year-old woman with a benign hemangioma that presented clinically as a very large ovarian mass. PMID:3753575

  13. Propranolol (Infantile Hemangioma)

    MedlinePlus

    Propranolol oral solution is used to treat proliferating infantile hemangioma (benign [noncancerous] growths or tumors appearing on or under the skin ... Propranolol comes as an oral solution (liquid) to take by mouth. ... is usually taken twice daily (9 hours apart) during or immediately after a ...

  14. [Mediastinal hemangioma (case report)].

    PubMed

    Karakaya, Olcay; Akgül, Erol; Binokay, Figen; Aikimbaev, Kairgueldy

    2004-09-01

    We present radiographic and computed tomographic findings of a mediastinal hemangioma, a very rare benign vascular tumor that comprises less than 0.5% of all mediastinal masses. Posteroanterior chest film showed a homogeneous opacity in the left upper zone that was contiguous with the mediastinum. Computed tomography demonstrated a mediastinal mass with inhomogeneous contrast enhancement and a small calcification. PMID:15470623

  15. Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma - Case report*

    PubMed Central

    Kakizaki, Priscila; Valente, Neusa Yuriko Sakai; Paiva, Daniele Loureiro Mangueira; Dantas, Fernando Luiz Teixeira; Gonçalves, Sheila Viana Castelo Branco

    2014-01-01

    Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma, also known as Hobnail Hemangioma, is a lesion of vascular origin, probably lymphatic. The most common clinical feature is a solitary violaceous papule surrounded by a pale, thin area and a peripheral ecchymotic ring, simulating a target. Histopathologically, there is a biphasic pattern, with dilated vessels in the superficial dermis and pseudoangiosarcomatous pattern in the deep dermis, and endothelial cells with hobnail morphology. A simple excision is curative. We report a rare case of Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma. PMID:25387500

  16. [Intraosseous cranioorbital hemangiomas].

    PubMed

    Belov, A I; Cherekaev, V A; Shishkina, L V; Lasunin, N V; Kadasheva, A B; Grigor'eva, N N; Podoprigora, A E

    2011-01-01

    The authors describe 2 cases of primary intraosseous cavernous hemangioma (PICH). PICH are extremely rare tumors that represent less than 1% of all tumors of the bone. Only 20% of them involve skull. In both cases clinical findings were presented by proptosis, oculomotor disorders and chronic daily headaches. Surgery is the most recommended method of treatment. The best surgical management is gross total resection within intact tissue. In both cases tumor was removed completely. PMID:22066260

  17. Sclerosed Hemangioma Accompanied by Multiple Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Liver

    PubMed Central

    Yuki, Michiko; Emoto, Yuko; Kinoshita, Yuichi; Yoshizawa, Katsuhiko; Yuri, Takashi; Tsubura, Airo

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Male, 81 Final Diagnosis: Sclerosed hemangioma Symptoms: — Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Autopsy Specialty: Diagnostics, Laboratory Objective: Rare disease Background: A sclerosed hemangioma of the liver, an extremely rare type of benign hepatic tumor, was found at autopsy. Case Report: An 81-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital for surgical resection of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in his left forearm. At admission, serological tests for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C antibody were negative with no evidence of cirrhosis. At 2, 3, and 5 months after the removal of the forearm tumor, skin grafting was performed because of unhealed skin ulceration. Although anti-bacterial drugs were prescribed, the patient died after the 3rd skin graft (5 months after the surgery) because of pneumonia. During the treatment course, the patient was diagnosed as having multiple liver masses suspected to be cysts of the liver based on non-contrasted computed tomography results. Autopsy revealed a sclerosed hemangioma occupying the entire left lobe accompanied by multiple small cavernous hemangiomas in the right lobe of the liver. Conclusions: Sclerosed hemangioma, a rare benign disease, occurred in association with degeneration and sclerosis of cavernous hemangiomas of the liver. The VEGF pathway may be involved in the genesis of cavernous and sclerosed hemangioma of the liver. PMID:26116763

  18. Giant Cardiac Cavernous Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Unger, Eric; Costic, Joseph; Laub, Glenn

    2015-07-01

    We report the case of an asymptomatic giant cardiac cavernous hemangioma in a 71-year-old man. The intracardiac mass was discovered incidentally during surveillance for his prostate cancer; however, the patient initially declined intervention. On presentation to our institution 7 years later, the lesion had enlarged significantly, and the patient consented to excision. At surgery, an 8 × 6.5 × 4.8 cm intracardiac mass located on the inferior heart border was excised with an intact capsule through a median sternotomy approach. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. We discuss the diagnostic workup, treatment, and characteristics of this rare cardiac tumor. PMID:26140782

  19. Infantile Hemangioma: A Brief Review

    PubMed Central

    BOTA, MADALINA; POPA, GHEORGHE; BLAG, CRISTINA; TATARU, ALEXANDRU

    2015-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas as frequent infancy tumors have been a controversial issue of medical scientists worldwide. Their clinical aspects are various and their physiopathology is yet to be fully understood. Numerous publications outline the characteristics, causes, evolution possibilities and therapeutic approaches. Deciding whether to treat or not is the main question of this kind of pathology. Hemangiomas that have complications or can cause irreversible damage need therapy. This is a brief review of up-to-date information regarding the presentation of infantile hemangiomas and target-therapies. PMID:26528043

  20. Intramuscular hemangioma with phleboliths of the tongue

    PubMed Central

    Kamatani, Takaaki; Saito, Tomoyuki; Hamada, Yoshiki; Kondo, Seiji; Shirota, Tatsuo; Shintani, Satoru

    2014-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) is relatively rare benign tumor of vascular origin. Phleboliths are calcified thrombi found in the presence of hemangioma. The main treatment of the hemangioma is a surgical extirpation based on location, accessibility, and cosmetic considerations. We herein report a rare case of IMH with phleboliths of the tongue with clinical, imaging, and histopathological findings. PMID:25565734

  1. Hemangioma of the buccal fat pad

    PubMed Central

    Hassani, Ali; Saadat, Sarang; Moshiri, Roya; Shahmirzadi, Solaleh

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood vessels. Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a rare place for hemangioma. In this report, clinical, radiographic, and histopathological findings are described in a rare case of hemangioma with phleboliths involving the BFP, and a review is made of the international literature on this subject. PMID:24963256

  2. Mechanisms of propranolol action in infantile hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Kum, Jina JY; Khan, Zia A

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma is a common tumor of infancy. Although most hemangiomas spontaneously regress, treatment is indicated based on complications, risk to organ development and function, and disfigurement. The serendipitous discovery of propranolol, a non-selective β-adrenergic receptor blocker, as an effective means to regress hemangiomas has made this a first-line therapy for hemangioma patients. Propranolol has shown remarkable response rates. There are, however, some adverse effects, which include changes in sleep, acrocyanosis, hypotension, and hypoglycemia. Over the last few years, researchers have focused on understanding the mechanisms by which propranolol causes hemangioma regression. This has entailed study of cultured vascular endothelial cells including endothelial cells isolated from hemangioma patients. In this article, we review recent studies offering potential mechanisms of how various cell types found in hemangioma may respond to propranolol. PMID:26413184

  3. Imaging of atypical hemangiomas of the liver with pathologic correlation.

    PubMed

    Vilgrain, V; Boulos, L; Vullierme, M P; Denys, A; Terris, B; Menu, Y

    2000-01-01

    Compared with the imaging features of typical hepatic hemangiomas, the imaging features of atypical hepatic hemangiomas have not been well studied or well described. Knowledge of the entire spectrum of atypical hepatic hemangiomas is important and can help one avoid most diagnostic errors. A frequent type of atypical hepatic hemangioma is a lesion with an echoic border at ultrasonography. Less frequent types are large, heterogeneous hemangiomas; rapidly filling hemangiomas; calcified hemangiomas; hyalinized hemangiomas; cystic or multilocular hemangiomas; hemangiomas with fluid-fluid levels; and pedunculated hemangiomas. Adjacent abnormalities consist of arterial-portal venous shunt, capsular retraction, and surrounding nodular hyperplasia; hemangiomas can also develop in cases of fatty liver infiltration. Associated lesions include multiple hemangiomas, hemangiomatosis, focal nodular hyperplasia, and angiosarcoma. Types of atypical evolution are hemangiomas enlarging over time and hemangiomas appearing during pregnancy. Complications consist of inflammation, Kasabach-Merritt syndrome, intratumoral hemorrhage, hemoperitoneum, volvulus, and compression of adjacent structures. In some cases, such as large heterogeneous hemangiomas, calcified hemangiomas, pedunculated hemangiomas, or hemangiomas developing in diffuse fatty liver, a specific diagnosis can be established with imaging, especially magnetic resonance imaging. However, in other atypical cases, the diagnosis will remain uncertain at imaging, and these cases will require histopathologic examination. PMID:10715338

  4. Urethral cavernous hemangioma in a female patient: a rare entity

    PubMed Central

    Bolat, Mustafa Suat; Yüzüncü, Kubilay; Akdeniz, Ekrem; Demirdoven, Ayse Nurten

    2015-01-01

    Genitourinary hemangiomas are rare entities of the urinary system. We reported a female patient who suffered dyspareunia and intermitant hematuria that was proved as urethral cavernous hemangioma. Despite its benign nature, hemangiomas may recur due to incomplet excision. PMID:26985270

  5. Biology of Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H. J.; Davis, Paul F.; Tan, Swee T.

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by an initial proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous involution over the next 5–10 years, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. IH is traditionally considered a tumor of the microvasculature. However, recent data show the critical role of stem cells in the biology of IH with emerging evidence suggesting an embryonic developmental anomaly due to aberrant proliferation and differentiation of a hemogenic endothelium with a neural crest phenotype that possesses the capacity for endothelial, hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and neuronal differentiation. Current evidence suggests a putative placental chorionic mesenchymal core cell embolic origin of IH during the first trimester. This review outlines the emerging role of stem cells and their interplay with the cytokine niche that promotes a post-natal environment conducive for vasculogenesis involving VEGFR-2 and its ligand VEGF-A and the IGF-2 ligand in promoting cellular proliferation, and the TRAIL-OPG anti-apoptotic pathway in preventing cellular apoptosis in IH. The discovery of the role of the renin–angiotensin system in the biology of IH provides a plausible explanation for the programed biologic behavior and the β-blocker-induced accelerated involution of this enigmatic condition. This crucially involves the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II, that promotes cellular proliferation in IH predominantly via its action on the ATIIR2 isoform. The role of the RAS in the biology of IH is further supported by the effect of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, in inducing accelerated involution of IH. The discovery of the critical role of RAS in IH represents a novel and fascinating paradigm shift in the understanding of human development, IH, and other tumors in general. PMID:25593962

  6. Biology of infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H J; Davis, Paul F; Tan, Swee T

    2014-01-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by an initial proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous involution over the next 5-10 years, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. IH is traditionally considered a tumor of the microvasculature. However, recent data show the critical role of stem cells in the biology of IH with emerging evidence suggesting an embryonic developmental anomaly due to aberrant proliferation and differentiation of a hemogenic endothelium with a neural crest phenotype that possesses the capacity for endothelial, hematopoietic, mesenchymal, and neuronal differentiation. Current evidence suggests a putative placental chorionic mesenchymal core cell embolic origin of IH during the first trimester. This review outlines the emerging role of stem cells and their interplay with the cytokine niche that promotes a post-natal environment conducive for vasculogenesis involving VEGFR-2 and its ligand VEGF-A and the IGF-2 ligand in promoting cellular proliferation, and the TRAIL-OPG anti-apoptotic pathway in preventing cellular apoptosis in IH. The discovery of the role of the renin-angiotensin system in the biology of IH provides a plausible explanation for the programed biologic behavior and the β-blocker-induced accelerated involution of this enigmatic condition. This crucially involves the vasoactive peptide, angiotensin II, that promotes cellular proliferation in IH predominantly via its action on the ATIIR2 isoform. The role of the RAS in the biology of IH is further supported by the effect of captopril, an ACE inhibitor, in inducing accelerated involution of IH. The discovery of the critical role of RAS in IH represents a novel and fascinating paradigm shift in the understanding of human development, IH, and other tumors in general. PMID:25593962

  7. Adrenal hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Auh, Y H; Anand, J; Zirinsky, K; Kazam, E

    1986-01-01

    Adrenal hemangioma is a very rare tumor. Presented is the 18th case proved by autopsy or surgery reported in world literature. The tumor was incidentally discovered at autopsy. Unless this tumor has characteristic calcifications, phlebolith or phlebolithlike, its computed tomography appearance is nonspecific. Therefore, by computed tomography this tumor cannot be differentiated from other primary or secondary adrenal tumors. PMID:3943357

  8. Hemangioma of the Facial Nerve

    PubMed Central

    Balkany, Thomas; Fradis, Milo; Jafek, Bruce W.; Rucker, Nolan C.

    1991-01-01

    Hemangioma of the facial nerve may occur more frequently than previously recognized. This benign vascular tumor most often arises in the area of the geniculate ganglion, although the reason for this site of predilection is not known. Using silicon injection and cross-sectional vessel counts, we recently demonstrated the presence of a geniculate capillary plexus (GCP) in the cat. The present study was designed to identify a similar GCP in man, if present, and to relate if to the site of predilection of hemangioma of the facial nerve. Twenty-five human facial nerves were studied in horizontally sectioned temporal bones. A clinical case of hemangioma arising at the geniculate ganglion is presented. The human geniculate ganglion has a very rich capillary plexus in contrast to the poor intrinsic vasculature of the adjacent labyrinthine segment and nioderate vasculature of the tympanic segment of the facial nerve. We hypothesize that the GCP is the origin of most hemangiomas of facial nerve. The anatomic distinctness of the geniculate gangion and GCP from the facial nerve may allow removal of these tumors with preservation of motor function in certain cases. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3 PMID:17170823

  9. Neonatal Abdominal Hemangiomatosis: Propranolol beyond Infantile Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Nip, Siu Ying Angel; Hon, Kam Lun; Leung, Wing Kwan Alex; Leung, Alexander K. C.; Choi, Paul C. L.

    2016-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor of infancy; presentation is often as cutaneous infantile hemangioma (IH). Cutaneous hemangioma is a clinical diagnosis. Most IHs follow a benign course, with complete involution without treatment in the majority of cases. Visceral hemangioma often involves the liver and manifests as a life-threatening disorder. Hepatic hemangiomas may be associated with high output cardiac failure, coagulopathy, and hepatomegaly which generally develop between 1 and 16 weeks of age. Mortality has been reportedly high without treatment. We report a rare case of a male infant with neonatal hemangiomatosis with diffuse peritoneal involvement, which mimicked a malignant-looking tumor on imaging, and discuss therapeutic options and efficacy. Propranolol is efficacious for IH but generally not useful for other forms of vascular hemangiomas, tumors, and malformations. In our case of neonatal peritoneal hemangiomatosis, propranolol appears to have halted the growth and possibly expedite the involution of the hemangiomatosis without other treatments. PMID:27110421

  10. Neonatal Abdominal Hemangiomatosis: Propranolol beyond Infantile Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Nip, Siu Ying Angel; Hon, Kam Lun; Leung, Wing Kwan Alex; Leung, Alexander K C; Choi, Paul C L

    2016-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor of infancy; presentation is often as cutaneous infantile hemangioma (IH). Cutaneous hemangioma is a clinical diagnosis. Most IHs follow a benign course, with complete involution without treatment in the majority of cases. Visceral hemangioma often involves the liver and manifests as a life-threatening disorder. Hepatic hemangiomas may be associated with high output cardiac failure, coagulopathy, and hepatomegaly which generally develop between 1 and 16 weeks of age. Mortality has been reportedly high without treatment. We report a rare case of a male infant with neonatal hemangiomatosis with diffuse peritoneal involvement, which mimicked a malignant-looking tumor on imaging, and discuss therapeutic options and efficacy. Propranolol is efficacious for IH but generally not useful for other forms of vascular hemangiomas, tumors, and malformations. In our case of neonatal peritoneal hemangiomatosis, propranolol appears to have halted the growth and possibly expedite the involution of the hemangiomatosis without other treatments. PMID:27110421

  11. Arterial Embolization of Giant Hepatic Hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Giavroglou, Constantinos; Economou, Hippolete; Ioannidis, Ioannis

    2003-02-15

    Hepatic cavernous hemangiomas are usually small and asymptomatic. They are usually discovered incidentally and only a few require treatment. However, giant hemangiomas may cause symptoms,which are indications for treatment. We describe four cases of symptomatic giant hepatic hemangiomas successfully treated with transcatheter arterial embolization, performed with polyvinyl alcohol particles. There were no complications. Follow-up with clinical and imaging examinations showed disappearance of symptoms and decrease in size of lesions.

  12. A unique case of calvarial hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Kirmani, Altaf Rehman; Sarmast, Arif Hussain; Bhat, Abdul Rashid

    2016-01-01

    Background: Calvarial hemangiomas are one of the rarest neoplasms affecting the skull, predominantly occurring in parietal and frontal bones. Case Description: We report a parietal hemangioma in a middle-aged female which presented as a painless swelling that was progressively increasing in size and was treated surgically. Conclusion: Although rare, calvarial hemangioma should be a part of the differential diagnosis of calvarial swellings. PMID:27313966

  13. Intracranial capillary hemangioma mimicking a dissociative disorder

    PubMed Central

    John, Santosh G.; Pillai, Unnikrishnan; Lacasse, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Capillary hemangiomas, hamartomatous proliferation of vascular endothelial cells, are rare in the central nervous system (CNS). Intracranial capillary hemangiomas presenting with reversible behavioral abnormalities and focal neurological deficits have rarely been reported. We report a case of CNS capillary hemangioma presenting with transient focal neurological deficits and behavioral abnormalities mimicking Ganser's syndrome. Patient underwent total excision of the vascular malformation, resulting in complete resolution of his symptoms. PMID:24765434

  14. Hemangioma of Rib: A Different Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Deshmukh, Hemant; Rathod, Kranti K.; Hira, Priya; Sankhe, Shilpa; Pandit, Nilesh; Mittal, Kartik; Dey, Amit K.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Hemangiomas are one of the common primary benign tumors of the intraosseous and soft tissue compartments in humans. Vertebral hemangiomas being the most common of all are seen in daily radiological practice. Hemangioma of the rib is rarely seen. Case Report We reported on a case of a rib lesion which had a classic imaging pattern of hemangioma. We highlighted the use of pre-operative embolization of such a vascular rib lesion before surgically removing the lesion by thoracotomy to reduce the risk of bleeding. Conclusions We also emphasized overt complications of overzealous needling of such a vascular lesion for histopathological diagnosis as in our case. PMID:25866595

  15. Verrucous Hemangioma Treated with Electrocautery

    PubMed Central

    Fatani, Mohammad; Al Otaibi, Homaid; Mohammed, Muath; Hegazy, Osama

    2016-01-01

    Verrucous hemangioma is a rare vascular malformation consisting of a proliferation of dilated blood vessels of different sizes that occupy the dermis and hypodermis. The epidermis of the affected area shows a strong proliferative reaction that presents as a warty appearance. Here, we report the case of a 17-year-old male who presented with an asymptomatic warty growth above the lateral malleolus on the right leg, which healed after electrocautery. PMID:27462218

  16. Management of hemangiomas and other vascular tumors.

    PubMed

    Greene, Arin K

    2011-01-01

    Vascular tumors of childhood are typically benign. The 4 most common types are infantile hemangioma (IH), congenital hemangioma (CH), kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE), and pyogenic granuloma (PG). Vascular tumors must be differentiated from vascular malformations. Although tumors and malformations may appear as raised, blue, red, or purple lesions, their management differs significantly. PMID:21095471

  17. Management of giant liver hemangiomas: an update.

    PubMed

    Hoekstra, Lisette T; Bieze, Matthanja; Erdogan, Deha; Roelofs, Joris J T H; Beuers, Ulrich H W; van Gulik, Thomas M

    2013-03-01

    Liver hemangiomas are the most common benign liver tumors and are usually incidental findings. Liver hemangiomas are readily demonstrated by abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Giant liver hemangiomas are defined by a diameter larger than 5 cm. In patients with a giant liver hemangioma, observation is justified in the absence of symptoms. Surgical resection is indicated in patients with abdominal (mechanical) complaints or complications, or when diagnosis remains inconclusive. Enucleation is the preferred surgical method, according to existing literature and our own experience. Spontaneous or traumatic rupture of a giant hepatic hemangioma is rare, however, the mortality rate is high (36-39%). An uncommon complication of a giant hemangioma is disseminated intravascular coagulation (Kasabach-Merritt syndrome); intervention is then required. Herein, the authors provide a literature update of the current evidence concerning the management of giant hepatic hemangiomas. In addition, the authors assessed treatment strategies and outcomes in a series of patients with giant liver hemangiomas managed in our department. PMID:23445235

  18. Lipoma or hemangioma: A diagnostic dilemma?

    PubMed

    Reddy, K Vinay Kumar; Roohi, Shameena; Maloth, Kotya Naik; Sunitha, K; Thummala, Venkata Satya Ramesh

    2015-01-01

    Lipomas and hemangiomas are well-known benign lesions of the body. However, their occurrence in the oral cavity is rare. Lipoma accounts for 1-4% of benign neoplasms of mouth affecting predominantly the buccal mucosa, floor of mouth and tongue. Hemangiomas occur mostly on the lips, buccal mucosa, tongue, and palate. Lipomas when superficially placed show yellowish surface discoloration and hemangiomas usually have reddish blue to deep blue color. Here, we report an unusual case of benign tumor occurring in the buccal vestibule. PMID:26097370

  19. Prenatal diagnosis of a liver cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Aslan, Halil; Dural, Ozlem; Yildirim, Gokhan; Acar, Deniz K

    2013-10-01

    Liver tumors seldom occur in the perinatal period. Hepatic hemangiomas are the most common tumors of the liver diagnosed during fetal and neonatal life. The diagnosis can be suspected antenatally by ultrasound and MR scan. The differential diagnosis is often challenging. While small hepatic hemangiomas are usually asymptomatic, large tumors can lead to complications such as high-output congestive heart failure, consumptive thrombocytopenic coagulopathy and hemorrhage after tumor rupture. We describe a case of hepatic hemangioma presenting as a solid abdominal mass with several cystic areas on an obstetric ultrasound and report on the contribition fetal MR imaging to the diagnosis. PMID:23421545

  20. A lymph nodal capillary-cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Dellachà, A; Fulcheri, E; Campisi, C

    1999-09-01

    A capillary-cavernous hemangioma in an obturator lymph node was found incidentally in a 64 year-old woman who had undergone unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and lymphadenectomy for an ovarian neoplasm. Vascular tumors of lymph nodes are briefly reviewed including eight previously described nodal capillary-cavernous hemangiomas. The association with other splanchnic hemangiomas is pointed out and the likelihood that the lesion is a hamartoma rather than a true neoplasm is addressed. Despite its rarity, this entity needs to be recognized by lymphologists who image lymph nodes by lymphangiography as well as by lymph nodal pathologists. PMID:10494525

  1. Intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly patient

    PubMed Central

    Okamoto, Ai; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Matsuda, Ryosuke; Nishimura, Fumihiko; Motoyama, Yasushi; Park, Young-Su; Nakamura, Mitsutoshi; Nakase, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Background: Capillary hemangiomas are neoplasms involving skin and soft tissue in infants. These lesions rarely involved an intracranial space and reported age distribution ranges from infancy to middle age. We report an extremely rare case of rapidly rising intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly woman. Case Description: The 82-year-old woman presented with vomiting, reduced level of consciousness, and worsening mental state. Computed tomography showed a contrast-enhanced extra-axial lesion in the left frontal operculum, although no intracranial mass lesion was identifiable from magnetic resonance imaging taken 2 years earlier. Complete surgical excision was performed and histopathological examination diagnosed benign capillary hemangioma consisting of a variety of dilated capillary blood vessels lined by endothelial cells. Conclusion: This is the first description of rapid growth of an intracranial capillary hemangioma in an elderly woman. These lesions are exceedingly rare in the elderly population, but still show the capacity for rapid growth. Complete excision would prevent further recurrence. PMID:26664868

  2. Treatment of choroid hemangioma with argon laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Chuanzhu; Song, Man

    1993-03-01

    The treatment effects of 7 cases of choroid hemangioma are reported. Of them, 4 cases were men and 3 cases were women. Ages varied from 34 to 52 years. The mean age was 43 years. All of their eyesight was between 0.01 and 0.4. Six of the seven cases were solitary hemangioma, the other one was Sturge-Weber syndrome. After treatment photography, the color of the hemangioma body gradually got weak and the local presented pigmentation. The results of the fluorescein fundus angiography indicated that the hemangioma body reduced, then got atrophy and fibrosis. In five cases eyesight increased, and it didn't in the other two cases.

  3. Adrenal hemangioma: computed tomogram and angiogram appearances.

    PubMed

    Wang, J H; Chiang, J H; Chang, T

    1992-08-01

    Adrenal hemangiomas are rare. To our knowledge, about 22 cases have been reported in the literature, of which 13 cases were surgically removed. We report probably the first case of CT and angiographically diagnosed and surgically confirmed adrenal hemangioma in Taiwan. We concluded that characteristic appearances on computed tomogram and angiogram associated with phlebolith-like calcification in the tumor may allow the radiologists to make correct preoperative diagnosis. PMID:1327475

  4. Cavernous hemangioma of the glans penis

    PubMed Central

    Mondal, Soumya; Biswal, Deepak Kumar; Pal, Dilip Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the glans penis is a very rare lesion, and only a few cases are reported in the literature. Urologists are in a dilemma to treat such lesion with cosmetic and to obtain good functional outcome. Here, we report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the glans penis in a 22-year-old boy with a successful outcome by intralesional sclerotherapy with 3% sodium tetradecyl sulfate with a review of the literature on the subject. PMID:26229337

  5. Pathogenesis of human hemangiosarcomas and hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Liu, Liping; Kakiuchi-Kiyota, Satoko; Arnold, Lora L; Johansson, Sonny L; Wert, David; Cohen, Samuel M

    2013-10-01

    Hemangiosarcomas are uncommon aggressive vascular tumors that have recently become the focus of attention because several chemicals and pharmaceuticals increase their incidence in mice. The relevance of these mouse vascular tumors to humans is unclear. In the present study, we semiquantitatively evaluated the expression profiles of hematopoietic stem cell markers (CD117 [c-kit], CD133, CD34, and CD45), endothelial cell markers (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, CD31, and factor VIII-related antigen), and a myeloid lineage cell marker (CD14) in human hemangiosarcoma (n = 12) and hemangioma (n = 10) specimens using immunohistochemistry. CD133 was completely negative in almost all cases of hemangiosarcomas and hemangiomas. Most hemangiosarcomas, but not hemangiomas, stained for CD117 and CD45. Both groups diffusely expressed CD34, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, and factor VIII-related antigen; however, hemangiomas had more intense and diffuse CD34 and factor VIII-related antigen expression compared with hemangiosarcomas, whereas CD31 was positive in all hemangiosarcomas but only half of the hemangiomas. CD14 staining was negative in most hemangiosarcoma and hemangioma cases. Our results indicate that multipotential bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells or early endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) expressing CD117, CD34, and CD45 are involved in hemangiosarcoma formation, whereas hemangiomas originate from late EPCs or differentiated endothelial cells, which have lost the expression of most hematopoietic stem cell markers. This contrasts with our previous results that demonstrated that both hemangiosarcomas and hemangiomas in mice may be derived from early EPCs that are not completely differentiated. PMID:24054722

  6. Infantile hemangiomas, complications and treatments.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Carol Erin; Friedlander, Sheila Fallon

    2016-03-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common vascular tumors of infancy. While the majority regress without the need for intervention, approximately 10%, often site dependent, can cause serious complications and require treatment. IH complications can be categorized as life threatening, obstructive, ulcerative or disfiguring. Life threatening complications include airway and hepatic IHs. Functional complications obstructing vital structures or impairing function include periocular, nasal, labial, parotid, auricular, and breast IHs. Local complications arise from ulceration or those in cosmetically sensitive areas. Therapeutic options for complicated IHs include pharmacologic (topical or systemic), surgical, or laser interventions. Topical agents are best employed for small, superficial, and localized IHs; while systemic therapy is reserved for larger IHs and those with more aggressive growth characteristics with propranolol as first-line therapy. PMID:27607318

  7. Children with Rare Chronic Skin Diseases: Hemangiomas and Epidermolysis Bullosa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Sheila Dove; Miller, Cynthia Dieterich

    The paper reports on studies involving children having the rare chronic skin diseases of hemangiomas and epidermolysis bullosa (characterized by easy blistering). One study compared the self-concept and psychosocial development of young (mean age 46 months) children (N=19) with hemangiomas with 19 children without hemangiomas. Findings indicated…

  8. Presumptive Intramuscular Hemangioma of the Masseter Muscle

    PubMed Central

    Alami, Badreeddine; Lamrani, Youssef; Addou, Omar; Boubbou, Meryem; Kamaoui, Imane; Maaroufi, Mustapha; Sqalli, Nadia; Tizniti, Siham

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Male, 34 Final Diagnosis: Intramuscular hemangioma of the masseter muscle Symptoms: Swelling over parotid region Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Clinical-Radiological work-up Specialty: Radiology Objective: Rare disease Background: Hemangioma is a benign vascular proliferation. Intramuscular hemangiomas are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all hemangiomas, and occur normally in the trunk and extremities. Approximately 10–20% of intramuscular hemangiomas are found in the head and neck region, most often in the masseter muscles. The typical clinical characteristic is a painful soft tissue mass without cutaneous changes. Currently, MRI is the standard imaging technique for diagnosing soft-tissue hemangioma. The optimal management is the surgical resection. Case Report: We report a case of 34-year-old male patient consulted for a swelling of 1 year evolution, around the parotid region. On physical examination, a soft, well-contoured lesion of about 2 cm on its long axis was found. MRI showed a space-occupying lesion in the left masseter muscle, with intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images and hyperignal intensity on T2-weighted images, containing nodular hypointense foci corresponding to calcification. The presumptive diagnosis of an intramasseteric hemangioma with phlebolith was made based on these findings. The patient was informed about her condition, and treatment options were discussed; however, the patient elected to forgo treatment at that time. Conclusions: The possibility of an IMH should be included in the differential diagnosis of any intra-masseteric lesion. The appropriate radiologic examinations especially MRI can enhance accurate preoperative diagnosis; the treatment of choice should be individualized in view of the clinical status of the patient. PMID:25590509

  9. Hemangioma

    MedlinePlus

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  10. Hemangiomas

    MedlinePlus

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  11. Laparoscopic resection of a retroperitoneal hemangioma arising from ovarian vessels.

    PubMed

    Choi, Youn Seok; Oh, Hoon Kyu

    2009-01-01

    Hemangiomas are known to be common benign tumors. However, hemangiomas of female genital organs are very rare. Furthermore, a retroperitoneal hemangioma arising from ovarian vessels has never been reported. Here we report a case of a 29-year-old woman with a retroperitoneal cavernous hemangioma arising from the ovarian vessels of infundibulopelvic ligament, which was treated with laparoscopic resection. The operating time was 30 minutes, and resection was carried out with minimal blood loss. The postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 3. Laparoscopic resection of this type of hemangioma is feasible. PMID:19896610

  12. Current workup and therapy of infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Blei, Francine; Guarini, Ascanio

    2014-01-01

    Many practitioners assume every vascular lesion is a hemangioma; then tell parents not to worry, because hemangiomas "go away" after they grow. In fact, over the past three decades, advances in the stratification of vascular lesions, identification of clinical associations and syndromic vascular anomalies, and the discovery of germline and somatic mutations accompanying certain vascular anomalies have broadened our understanding. Concomitantly, the evaluation and management of vascular anomalies have become more sophisticated, and a laissez-faire approach is often inadequate. This paper focuses on hemangiomas of infancy and is divided into two sections, Evaluation and Management, both sections including updated references to clinical and basic research and reviews supporting the discussion. PMID:25017457

  13. Masson's hemangioma: A rare intraoral presentation

    PubMed Central

    Narwal, Anjali; Sen, Rajeev; Singh, Virender; Gupta, Ambika

    2013-01-01

    An otherwise healthy 19-year-old female patient had painless swelling in her left buccal mucosa. No precipitating factors were identified. Pathological analysis demonstrated the mass to be a Masson's hemangioma, a papillary proliferation of thin-walled capillaries intimately associated with thrombus. A very rare tumor occurring in oral cavity with only 80 cases being published in literature until date. PMID:24124316

  14. Case report of lumbar intradural capillary hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Unnithan, Ajaya Kumar Ayyappan; Joseph, T. P.; Gautam, Amol; Shymole, V.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Capillary hemangioma is a rare tumor in spinal intradural location. Despite the rarity, early recognition is important because of the risk of hemorrhage. This is a case report of a woman who had capillary hemangioma of cauda equina. Case Description: A 54 -year-old woman presented with a low backache, radiating to the left leg for 2 months. She had left extensor hallucis weakness, sensory impairment in left L5 dermatome, and mild tenderness in lower lumbar spine. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) LS spine showed L4/5 intradural tumor, completely occluding canal in myelogram, enhancing with contrast, s/o benign nerve sheath tumor. L4 laminectomy was done. Reddish tumor was seen originating from a single root. It was removed preserving the root. Postoperatively, she was relieved of symptoms. MRI showed no residue. Histopathology showed lobular proliferation of capillary-sized blood vessels and elongated spindle cells. Immunohistochemistry showed CD34 positivity in endothelial cell lining of blood vessel and smooth muscle actin positivity in blood vessel muscle cells. HPR-capillary hemangioma. Conclusion: Although rare, capillary hemangioma should be in the differential diagnosis of intradural tumors. It closely mimics nerve sheath tumor. PMID:27069745

  15. Urethral hemangioma: case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Regragui, Souhail; Slaoui, Amine; Karmouni, Tarik; El Khader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdelatif; Attya, Ahmed Ibn

    2016-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors. They are the prerogative of the liver and skin. And genitourinary localizations are rare and have only been rarely reported in the prostat, bladder, ureter or the perineum. In the light of published cases, urethral hemangiomas are mostly found in males. Few cases of hemangioma in the female urethra were reported. We report a cavernous hemangioma of the urethra in a 61 years old patient who presented bleeding from the urethra and micturition disorders. Physical examination revealed a tumor 3 cm x 2 polyploid arising from the terminal urethra (urethral hemangioma). We performed surgical resection of the tumor, along with bladder drainage. The postoperative course was simple. We update through a review of the literature aspects of the diagnostic and therapeutic care of the urethral hemangioma. PMID:27231506

  16. Scanning electron microscopy of a liver cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, K; Itoshima, T; Ito, T; Ukida, M; Ogawa, H; Kitadai, M; Hattori, S; Mizutani, S; Nagashima, H

    1983-02-01

    A 39-year-old female with a large cavernous hemangioma of the liver was successfully treated by ligation of the left hepatic artery. A wedge biopsy specimen of the hemangioma was obtained after the ligation and was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The hemangioma was demarcated from the surrounding normal liver parenchyma and had a labyrinth of caves 50-150 microns in diameter. The caves were separated by fibrous septa 20-40 microns in width. Endothelial cells of the caves were spindle-shaped and arranged in parallel. The surface property of the caves resembled that of the hepatic artery and differed from that of the portal vein or hepatic vein. These findings support that the cavernous hemangioma of the liver was supplied by the hepatic artery. The labyrinthine structure of the cavernous hemangioma may explain the long standing contrast enhancement of the hemangioma after hepatic arteriography. PMID:6832546

  17. Central hemangioma: A case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Jain, Sandeep; Singaraju, Sasidhar; Singaraju, Medhini

    2016-01-01

    Hemangioma is a benign self-involuting tumor of endothelial cells. They are the most common benign congenital lesions in humans and are characterized by the proliferation of blood vessels. They are often present at birth or appear soon after, and grow rapidly by endothelial proliferation. This article presents a rare case of central hemangioma occurring in the mandible of a 13-year-old boy, and a brief review on clinical, radiological, and histopathological characteristics of central hemangiomas. PMID:26838155

  18. A Rare Cavernous Hemangioma of the Adrenal Gland

    PubMed Central

    Pang, Cheng; Wu, Pengjie; Zhu, Gang

    2015-01-01

    Adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are rare nonfunctioning benign tumors. This case report presents a patient with a huge nonfunctioning adrenal cavernous hemangioma presenting as an adrenal incidentaloma suspicious for adrenal myelolipoma. Although adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are rare, they should be considered as a part of the differential diagnosis of adrenal neoplasms. The proper treatment is surgical excision due the risk of spontaneous tumor rupture and the difficulty of ruling out malignancy. PMID:26793524

  19. Cavernous hemangioma with large phlebolith of the parotid gland.

    PubMed

    Choi, Hwan Jun; Lee, Joo Chul; Kim, Jun Hyuk; Lee, Young Man; Lee, Hyun Joo

    2013-11-01

    Hemangiomas are vascular anomalies characterized by increased proliferation and turnover of endothelial cells. Hemangiomas of the parotid region are relatively uncommon in adult population, and there are a few reports of hemangioma with large phlebolith within the parotid gland. We herein report a case of it. Sialography may be a useful investigation method in the evaluation of radiopaque lesions localized intraglandularly in the parotid area to rule out the sialolith. Cavernous hemangioma with phleboliths should be included in the differential diagnosis of a swelling in the mandibular area. PMID:24220486

  20. Large hemangioma in a persistent left superior vena cava.

    PubMed

    Hu, Wen; Wang, Xiang; Tan, Sichuang; Fan, Songqing; Liu, Jun; Yu, Fenglei; Tang, Jingqun

    2012-12-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas represent 1 to 2% of all detected benign heart tumors. Tumors in the coronary sinus have been reported; however, to our knowledge, there have been no reports of masses in a persistent left superior vena cava. We report here the first case of a 58-year-old man with a rare huge unicamerate cardiac hemangiomas in a persistent left superior vena cava. A communication vein between the coronary sinus and hemangiomas could be identified, and thrombus formation was found in the hemangiomas as well. PMID:23180384

  1. Surgical treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Vasudeva, Viren S; Chi, John H; Groff, Michael W

    2016-08-01

    OBJECTIVE Vertebral hemangiomas are common tumors that are benign and generally asymptomatic. Occasionally these lesions can exhibit aggressive features such as bony expansion and erosion into the epidural space resulting in neurological symptoms. Surgery is often recommended in these cases, especially if symptoms are severe or rapidly progressive. Some surgeons perform decompression alone, others perform gross-total resection, while others perform en bloc resection. Radiation, embolization, vertebroplasty, and ethanol injection have also been used in combination with surgery. Despite the variety of available treatment options, the optimal management strategy is unclear because aggressive vertebral hemangiomas are uncommon lesions, making it difficult to perform large trials. For this reason, the authors chose instead to report their institutional experience along with a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS A departmental database was searched for patients with a pathological diagnosis of "hemangioma" between 2008 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed to identify patients with aggressive vertebral hemangiomas, and these cases were reviewed in detail. RESULTS Five patients were identified who underwent surgery for treatment of aggressive vertebral hemangiomas during the specified time period. There were 2 lumbar and 3 thoracic lesions. One patient underwent en bloc spondylectomy, 2 patients had piecemeal gross-total resection, and the remaining 2 had subtotal tumor resection. Intraoperative vertebroplasty was used in 3 cases to augment the anterior column or to obliterate residual tumor. Adjuvant radiation was used in 1 case where there was residual tumor as well. The patient who underwent en bloc spondylectomy experienced several postoperative complications requiring additional medical care and reoperation. At an average follow-up of 31 months (range 3-65 months), no patient had any recurrence of disease and all were clinically asymptomatic, except the

  2. GI-Associated Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations

    PubMed Central

    Yoo, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract, rare clinical entities, present as overt or occult bleeding. They can be distributed throughout the intestinal digestive system, or present as a singular cavernous hemangioma or malformation, which is often located in the rectosigmoid region. Misdiagnosis is common despite characteristic radiographic features such as radiolucent phleboliths on plain film imaging and a purplish nodule on endoscopy. Adjunctive imaging such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are suggested as there is potential for local invasion. Endorectal ultrasound with Doppler has also been found to be useful in some instances. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, with an emphasis on sphincter preservation. Nonsurgical endoscopic treatment with banding and sclerotherapy has been reported with success, especially in instances where an extensive resection is not feasible. PMID:22942801

  3. A Case of Arteriovenous Type Cardiac Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kyung Jin; Shin, Jin Ho; Choi, Jung Hye; Lee, Jai; Kim, Tae Young; Lee, Jae Ung; Kim, Kyung Soo; Kim, Soon Kil; Kim, Jeong Hyun; Lim, Heon Kil; Lee, Bang Hun; Lee, Chung Kyun

    1998-01-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas are rare primary tumors of the heart and constitute only 2.8% of primary cardiac tumors. They are classified into capillary, cavernous, epitheloid and arteriovenous type and the last one is the most uncommon type. We experienced a case of cardiac hemangioma which was diagnosed as arteriovenous type for the first time in Korea in the literature. The patient was a 54-year-old woman who presented with palpitation and anterior chest pain. The diagnosis was based upon coronary angiography which showed two tumor blushings located in the interatrial and interventricular septum with venous drainage to the coronary sinus and right atrium. Associated atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response was controlled with digitalis. PMID:9735668

  4. Epithelioid hemangioma of the spine: Two cases

    PubMed Central

    O'Shea, Bendan M.; Kim, Jinsuh

    2015-01-01

    We report two cases of epithelioid hemangioma (EH) manifested in the thoracic spine with associated clinical, radiographic, and pathological findings. Epithelioid hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor that can involve any bone (including the spine in a subset of patients). Although recognized as a benign tumor by the WHO, it can display locally aggressive features. Within the spine, these features may lead to pain, instability, and/or neurologic dysfunction. The radiographic appearance is most typically that of a lytic, well-defined lesion on plain film or CT. The MRI appearance is typically hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI, and avidly enhancing, often with an extraosseous soft-tissue component.

  5. Update on the classification of hemangioma.

    PubMed

    George, Antony; Mani, Varghese; Noufal, Ahammed

    2014-09-01

    Despite the fact that a biological classification of congenital vascular tumors and malformations was first published in 1982 by Mulliken and Glowacki, significant confusion still prevails due to the indiscriminate and interchangeable use of the terms hemangioma and vascular malformation. Hemangiomas are true neoplasms of endothelial cells and should be differentiated from vascular malformations which are localized defects of vascular morphogenesis. On an analysis of various scientific articles and latest edition of medical text books an inappropriate use of various terms for vascular lesions was found, contributing further towards the confusion. The widely accepted International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification differentiates lesions with proliferative endothelium from lesions with structural anomalies and has been very helpful in standardizing the terminologies. In addition to overcoming obstacles in communication when describing a vascular lesion, it is important that we adhere to the correct terminology, as the therapeutic guidelines, management and follow-up of these lesions differ. PMID:25364160

  6. Proliferative hemangiomas: analysis of cytokine gene expression and angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Chang, J; Most, D; Bresnick, S; Mehrara, B; Steinbrech, D S; Reinisch, J; Longaker, M T; Turk, A E

    1999-01-01

    Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of childhood that can lead to disfigurement and/or life-threatening consequences. The pathogenesis of hemangioma formation is likely to involve increased angiogenesis. Basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor are cytokines that stimulate angiogenesis in multiple in vivo and in vitro models. Proliferative hemangiomas have been found to have elevated levels of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor protein, but the gene expression of these cytokines in human specimens has not been previously studied. We examined the gene expression and spatial distribution of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA in proliferative versus involuted human hemangioma specimens using nonisotopic in situ hybridization techniques. Thirteen hemangioma specimens were harvested during initial surgical excision. In situ hybridization was performed on frozen sections of both proliferative and involuted hemangioma specimens using genetically engineered antisense probes specific for basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA. Controls were an interleukin-6 sense sequence and a transforming growth factor-beta 1 antisense sequence. A large number of cells within the specimens of proliferative hemangiomas revealed localized gene expression of basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA (626 +/- 129 and 1660 +/- 371 cells/mm2, respectively). The majority of the cells were endothelial in origin. In contrast, involuted hemangioma specimens revealed significantly lower numbers of cells staining positive for basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor messenger RNA (44 +/- 11 and 431 +/- 76 cells/mm2, respectively; p < 0.05). Transforming growth factor-beta 1 messenger RNA was slightly more expressed by involuted hemangiomas (117 +/- 30 cells/mm2). There

  7. [Cavernous hemangioma of the liver (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Lanuza, A; Olagüe, R; Vallcanera, A; Gracía, A; Páramo, C; Villanueva, A

    1978-02-01

    A three-month old asymptomatic infant was incidentally found to have an abdominal mass. Through standard radiological and vascular procedures it was defined as being of hepatic origin, vascular etiology and of benign prognosis. Differences among cavernous hemangioma, hepatoma, metastasis and hemangio-endothelioma are summarized. The importance of angiography is emphasized as an essential procedure previous to the surgical evaluation and therapy. PMID:566065

  8. Conservative Management of Cardiac Hemangioma for 11 Years.

    PubMed

    Gribaa, Rym; Slim, Mehdi; Neffati, Elyes; Boughzela, Essia

    2015-10-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas are benign tumors with an unpredictable natural history. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, conservative management can be an alternative in some patients. We report a case of a left-sided cardiac hemangioma that we managed conservatively for 11 years without obvious major complications in the patient, an adult woman. PMID:26504439

  9. Conservative Management of Cardiac Hemangioma for 11 Years

    PubMed Central

    Slim, Mehdi; Neffati, Elyes; Boughzela, Essia

    2015-01-01

    Cardiac hemangiomas are benign tumors with an unpredictable natural history. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice; however, conservative management can be an alternative in some patients. We report a case of a left-sided cardiac hemangioma that we managed conservatively for 11 years without obvious major complications in the patient, an adult woman. PMID:26504439

  10. Spontaneous rupture of hepatic hemangiomas: A review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Jr, Marcelo AF Ribeiro; Papaiordanou, Francine; Gonçalves, Juliana M; Chaib, Eleazar

    2010-01-01

    Hepatic hemangiomas are congenital vascular malformations, considered the most common benign mesenchymal hepatic tumors, composed of masses of blood vessels that are atypical or irregular in arrangement and size. Hepatic hemangiomas can be divided into two major groups: capillary hemangiomas and cavernous hemangiomas These tumors most frequently affect females (80%) and adults in their fourth and fifth decades of life. Most cases are asymptomatic although a few patients may present with a wide variety of clinical symptoms, with spontaneous or traumatic rupture being the most severe complication. In cases of spontaneous rupture, clinical manifestations consist of sudden abdominal pain, and anemia secondary to a haemoperitoneum. Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy can also occur. Haemodynamic instability and signs of hypovolemic shock appear in about one third of cases. As the size of the hemangioma increases, so does the chance of rupture. Imaging studies used in the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas include ultrasonography, dynamic contrast-enchanced computed tomography scanning, magnetic resonance imaging, hepatic arteriography, digital subtraction angiography, and nuclear medicine studies. In most cases hepatic hemangiomas are asymptomatic and should be followed up by means of periodic radiological examination. Surgery should be restricted to specific situations. Absolute indications for surgery are spontaneous or traumatic rupture with hemoperitoneum, intratumoral bleeding and consumptive coagulopathy (Kassabach-Merrit syndrome). In a patient presenting with acute abdominal pain due to unknown abdominal disease, spontaneous rupture of a hepatic tumor such as a hemangioma should be considered as a rare differential diagnosis. PMID:21191518

  11. Spontaneous Rupture of Splenic Hemangioma in a Neonate

    PubMed Central

    Martinez-Leo, Bruno; Vidal-Medina, Jorge; Cervantes-Ledezma, Jesús; Díaz De León-Rivera, Arid; Díaz-Velasco, Edith

    2016-01-01

    Spleen vascular tumors such as hemangiomas, albeit rare, can present during neonatal period with unexplained circulatory shock. We present a case of a newborn with refractory hypovolemic shock and acute abdomen that underwent emergency splenectomy due to spontaneous rupture of a splenic hemangioma. PMID:27433454

  12. Hemangioma of the prostatic urethra: holmium laser treatment.

    PubMed

    de León, Javier Ponce; Arce, Jacobo; Gausa, Luís; Villavicencio, Humberto

    2008-01-01

    Urethral hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that are found in perimontanal prostatic localization and less frequently in the urethra. Although different urethral procedures have been postulated for its treatment, the best results are achieved using lasers. A patient who underwent endoscopic holmium laser treatment for such hemangiomas is presented. Total disappearance of the lesions without any complications was achieved. PMID:18204245

  13. [Infantile hemangiomas: the revolution of beta-blockers].

    PubMed

    Leaute-Labreze, Christine

    2014-12-01

    Infantile hemangioma is the consequence of both postnatal vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Hypoxia appears to play an important role as a contributory factor. Infantile hemangiomas have variable clinical features: superficial, deep or mixed. They can be localized or segmental involving a large skin area. Localized infantile hemangiomas are usually benign, unless they are located near a noble structure (airway orbit...), while segmental infantile hemangioma may be associated with complex underlying birth defects (PHACES and SACRAL syndromes). Clinical follow-up of infants with infantile hemangioma must be particularly careful in the first weeks of life since 80% of all infantile hemangiomas have reached their final size at age 5 months. A majority of infantile hemangiomas are mild and do not required any treatment. Main indications for treatment are: vital risk (heart failure, respiratory distress), functional risk (amblyopia, swallowing disorders...), painful ulceration and disfigurement (face involvement of nose, lips...). Propranolol, has been quickly adopted as the first line medical treatment for complicated infantile hemangioma; and it is the only treatment to have a marketing authorization in this indication. It is recommended to begin the treatment as early as possible before three months of age to minimize the risk of complications and sequelae. PMID:25665327

  14. Intramuscular hemangioma mimicking myofascial pain syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong Hwee; Hwang, Miriam; Kang, Yoon Kyoo; Kim, In Jong; Park, Yoon Kun

    2007-06-01

    Intramuscular hemangioma, an infrequent but important cause of musculoskeletal pain, is often difficult to establish the diagnosis clinically. This report describes a case of a 32-yr-old woman who presented with severe left calf pain for 10 yr. Initial conservative treatments consisting of intramuscular electrical stimulation, herb medication, acupuncture, and intramuscular lidocaine injection under the diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome in other facilities, failed to alleviate the symptoms. On physical examination, there was no motor weakness or sensory change. Conventional radiography of the leg revealed a soft tissue phlebolith. Conventional angiography study showed hemangioma. Intramuscular hemangioma within the soleus muscle was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Following surgical excision of the hemangioma, the patient's symptom resolved completely. Intramuscular hemangioma is a rare cause of calf pain and should be considered in the differential diagnosis if a patient with muscle pain, particularly if associated with a soft tissue mass, fails to respond to conservative treatment. PMID:17596677

  15. Intramuscular Hemangioma Mimicking Myofascial Pain Syndrome : A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Miriam; Kang, Yoon Kyoo; Kim, In Jong; Park, Yoon Kun

    2007-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangioma, an infrequent but important cause of musculoskeletal pain, is often difficult to establish the diagnosis clinically. This report describes a case of a 32-yr-old woman who presented with severe left calf pain for 10 yr. Initial conservative treatments consisting of intramuscular electrical stimulation, herb medication, acupuncture, and intramuscular lidocaine injection under the diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome in other facilities, failed to alleviate the symptoms. On physical examination, there was no motor weakness or sensory change. Conventional radiography of the leg revealed a soft tissue phlebolith. Conventional angiography study showed hemangioma. Intramuscular hemangioma within the soleus muscle was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Following surgical excision of the hemangioma, the patient's symptom resolved completely. Intramuscular hemangioma is a rare cause of calf pain and should be considered in the differential diagnosis if a patient with muscle pain, particularly if associated with a soft tissue mass, fails to respond to conservative treatment. PMID:17596677

  16. Sacroplasty for Symptomatic Sacral Hemangioma: A Novel Treatment Approach

    PubMed Central

    Agarwal, V.; Sreedher, G.; Weiss, K.R.; Hughes, M.A.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Painful vertebral body hemangiomas have been successfully treated with vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Sacral hemangiomas are uncommon and as such painful sacral hemangiomas are rare entities. We report what we believe is only the second successful treatment of a painful sacral hemangioma with CT-guided sacroplasty. A 56-year-old woman with a history of right-sided total hip arthroplasty and lipoma excision presented to her orthopedic surgeon with persistent right-sided low back pain which radiated into her buttock and right groin and hindered her ability to walk and perform her activities of daily living. MRIs of the thoracic spine, lumbar spine and pelvis showed numerous lesions with imaging characteristics consistent with multiple hemangiomas including a 2.2×2.1 cm lesion involving the right sacrum adjacent to the right S1 neural foramen. Conservative measures including rest, physical therapy, oral analgesics and right-sided sacroiliac joint steroid injection did not provide significant relief. Given her lack of improvement and the fact that her pain localized to the right sacrum, the patient underwent CT-guided sacroplasty for treatment of a painful right sacral hemangioma. Under CT fluoroscopic guidance, a 10 gauge introducer needle was advanced through the soft tissues of the back to the margin of the lesion. Biopsy was then performed and after appropriate preparation, cement was then introduced through the needle using a separate cement filler cannula. Appropriate filling of the right sacral hemangioma was visualized using intermittent CT fluoroscopy. After injection of approximately 2.5 cc of cement, it was felt that there was near complete filling of the right sacral hemangioma. With satisfactory achievement of cement filling, the procedure was terminated. Pathology from biopsy taken at the time of the procedure was consistent with hemangioma. Image-guided sacroplasty with well-defined endpoints is an effective, minimally invasive and safe

  17. Co-existence of a giant splenic hemangioma and multiple hepatic hemangiomas and the potential association with the use of oral contraceptives: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Chatzoulis, George; Kaltsas, Andreas; Daliakopoulos, Stauros; Sallam, Osama; Maria, Kaltsa; Chatzoulis, Kostas; Pachiadakis, Ioannis

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Hepatic and splenic hemangiomas are common benign tumors that mainly affect female patients. Giant splenic hemangiomas are extremely rare, especially when correlated with multiple hepatic hemangiomas. Pathogenetic mechanisms between hemangiomas and oral contraceptives, as well as therapeutic approaches, are analyzed in this case report, in particular for the management of synchronous splenic and hepatic hemangiomas. Case presentation We report here a 42-year-old woman with a giant splenic hemangioma, multiple hepatic hemangiomas and a history of oral estrogen intake for many years. At first it was difficult to determine the organ from which the giant hemangioma originated. Angiography proved extremely helpful in tracing its origin in the spleen. Hematomas in the giant hemangioma posed a significant threat of rupture and catastrophic hemorrhage. We left the small hepatic hemangiomas in place, and removed the spleen along with the giant splenic hemangioma. Conclusion Diagnostic pitfalls in the determination of the origin of this giant hemangioma, attribution of its origin to the spleen angiographically, the unusual co-existence of the giant splenic hemangioma with multiple hepatic ones, and the potential threat of rupture of the giant hemangioma are some of the highlights of this case report. Estrogen administration represents a pathogenic factor that has been associated with hemangiomas in solid organs of the abdominal cavity. The therapeutic dilemma between resection and embolization of giant hemangiomas is another point of discussion in this case report. Splenectomy for the giant splenic hemangioma eliminates the risk of rupture and malignant degeneration, whereas observation for the small hepatic ones (<4 cm) was the preferable therapeutic strategy in our patient. PMID:18462497

  18. Cavernous hemangioma of the parotid gland in adults

    PubMed Central

    Peral-Cagigal, Beatriz; Madrigal-Rubiales, Beatriz; Verrier-Hernández, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas account for 0.4-0.6% of all tumors of the parotid gland and most of them occur in children, nevertheless in adults hemangiomas are very rare. We report the case of a 62 year old woman with a mass in the parotid right tail associated with fluctuating swelling episodes unrelated to meals and with a slowly progressive growth. The provisional diagnosis was a pleomorphic adenoma, so a right superficial parotidectomy was performed. During surgery, the macroscopic appearance makes suspect a vascular lesion. The histopathological result was a cavernous hemangioma. The classic clinical presentation of a parotid hemangioma is an intraglandular mass associated or not with skin lesions characterized by reddish macules and/or papules, and a vibration or pulsation when palpating the parotid region. In imaging tests, phleboliths could be observed which are very suggestive of a hemangioma or a vascular malformation. In the absence of these signs, the diagnosis could be difficult, particularly in an adult due to its low prevalence, with about 50 cases reported worldwide. However a hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of parotid tumors in adults. Key words:Cavernous hemangioma, parotid gland, superficial parotidectomy, pleomorphic adenoma. PMID:25674332

  19. [A case of mediastinal cavernous hemangioma].

    PubMed

    Maebeya, S; Nishimura, O; Yokoi, H; Shimizu, T; Yoshimasu, T; Naito, Y

    1990-03-01

    A 6-year-old boy had an abnormal shadow on the chest X-ray film. It showed a tumor shadow with calcification on the right hilum. The plain CT scan showed an anterior mediastinal mass and its density was similar to that of large vessels. On the angio CT scan the lesion displayed a much lower enhancement than large vessels. The tumor was resected completely by median sternotomy. It was 5.6 X 3.6 X 3.0 cm in size and contained a phlebolith 5 mm in diameter. The histological diagnosis was cavernous hemangioma. PMID:2348129

  20. Primary Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma in the Skull.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yi; Guan, Jian; Ma, Wenbin; Li, Yongning; Xing, Bing; Ren, Zuyuan; Su, Changbao; Wang, Renzhi

    2016-03-01

    Primary intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas (PICHs) are benign vascular tumors that may involve any part of the body. PICH occurs more frequently in the spine and less commonly in skull. The earliest description in the English literature was in 1845 by Toynbee, who reported a vascular tumor arising in the confines of the parietal bone. Skull PICHs do not always have typical radiologic features and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of malignant skull lesions. We now reviewed and analyzed related literatures in detail with reporting a rare case of PICH in the left front bone that was surgically resected. PMID:26986133

  1. Primary Intraosseous Cavernous Hemangioma in the Skull

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Yi; Guan, Jian; Ma, Wenbin; Li, Yongning; Xing, Bing; Ren, Zuyuan; Su, Changbao; Wang, Renzhi

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Primary intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas (PICHs) are benign vascular tumors that may involve any part of the body. PICH occurs more frequently in the spine and less commonly in skull. The earliest description in the English literature was in 1845 by Toynbee, who reported a vascular tumor arising in the confines of the parietal bone. Skull PICHs do not always have typical radiologic features and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of malignant skull lesions. We now reviewed and analyzed related literatures in detail with reporting a rare case of PICH in the left front bone that was surgically resected. PMID:26986133

  2. [Ovarian torsion revealing an ovarian cavernous hemangioma in a child].

    PubMed

    M'pemba Loufoua-Lemay, A-B; Peko, J-F; Mbongo, J-A; Mokoko, J-C; Nzingoula, S

    2003-11-01

    The authors report one case of cavernous hemangioma of the left ovary, which was revealed by ovarian torsion. Such benign tumors of the blood vessels are rare in ovaries during childhood. This hemangioma was observed in a 13-year-old patient, who presented with abdominal and pelvic pain and vomiting. The pelvic mass was noted and sonography revealed a cystic tumor. An annexectomia was realized. Histology showed narcotized ovary cells, with an increased number of vascular channels composed of thin walled vessels, whose wall consisted of an endothelium. This aspect evoked a cavernous hemangioma of the ovary. PMID:14613693

  3. [Hemangioma, the most frequent hepatic tumor. Diagnosis with dynamic CAT].

    PubMed

    Cuevas Ibáñez, A; Santos Cores, J; Molina López-Nava, P; Fernández Iglesias, P; Bones Purkiss, J

    1994-08-01

    The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of dynamic CAT with contrast piston-stroke performed at a single cut are described for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. We analyzed the correlation between the findings obtained through dynamic CAT and those obtained through echography, PAAF, analytic and clinical study of the patients with suspicion of hepatic hemangioma. The following values were obtained: sensitivity 92.3%; specificity 50%; VPP 88.8%; VPN 60%; and global diagnostic affectivity 84.37%. According to these results, we think that dynamic CAT is a highly reliable test for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomas. PMID:7772685

  4. Sclerosing hemangioma: A diagnostic dilemma in fine needle aspiration cytology

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Jennifer; Zhou, Fang; Wei, Xiao-Jun; Kovacs, Sandor; Simsir, Aylin; Shi, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Sclerosing hemangioma of the lung is a benign neoplasm with a widely debated histogenesis. It has a polymorphic histomorphology characterized by a biphasic cell population of “surface cells” and “round cells” arranged in four general patterns: Papillary, solid, angiomatous, and sclerotic. This variability in histomorphology makes it difficult to diagnose sclerosing hemangioma by fine needle aspiration (FNA). We present a case of sclerosing hemangioma diagnosed on FNA with immunohistochemistry performed on an accompanied cell block. The clinical presentation, cytomorphology, immunohistochemistry, and differential diagnoses are discussed. PMID:27168758

  5. Ovarian hemangioma associated with concomitant stromal luteinization and ascites.

    PubMed

    Yamawaki, T; Hirai, Y; Takeshima, N; Hasumi, K

    1996-06-01

    A 62-year-old female presented with a pelvic mass and ascites. The Papanicolaou vaginal smear showed an unusual maturation, maturation index being 0/80/20. The serum level of estradiol was 48.7 pg/ml. The preoperative checkup suggested a pelvic malignancy with a differential diagnosis of hormone-secreting ovarian tumor. On surgical exploration, she had a hemangioma of the ovary without malignant cytology in the ascitic fluid. Histologically, this tumor was associated with stromal luteinization. This is the first case, reported in the literature, possessing ovarian hemangioma with stromal luteinization accompanying massive ascites. It should be noted that an ovarian hemangioma can be associated with stromal luteinization and ascites, and that MR imaging is sometimes of value for making a preoperative diagnosis of ovarian hemangioma. PMID:8641629

  6. Hemorrhagic hemangioma in the liver: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jeong Min; Chung, Woo Jin; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Hwang, Jae Seok; Kim, Yong Hoon; Kwon, Jung Hyeok; Choi, Mi Sun

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common type of benign tumor that arises in the liver. Although rupture and hemorrhage of hepatic hemangioma are rare complications, they can be the cause of mortality. The authors report a case of hemorrhagic hepatic hemangioma: in a 54-year-old woman who was admitted with epigastric pain. She had taken oral contraceptives several weeks prior. The results of a blood examination were normal. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a tumor in hepatic segment 4, and a hemorrhage inside the cystic mass was suspected. The mass was removed laparoscopically to confirm the tumor properties and control the hemorrhage. The pathologic findings of the resected mass were consistent with hepatic hemangioma with intratumoral hemorrhage. The patient was discharged 8 d after the surgery, without further complications or complaints, and the patient’s condition was found to have improved during follow-up. PMID:26109822

  7. Hemangioma of the Interatrial Septum: CT and MRI Features

    SciTech Connect

    Hrabak-Paar, Maja; Huebner, Marisa; Stern-Padovan, Ranka; Lusic, Mario

    2011-02-15

    Hemangioma of the heart is a rare primary benign tumor mainly appearing as enhancing, homogenous, well-circumscribed mass. We report a case of a 61-year-old asymptomatic woman, whose echocardiography showed a cardiac mass, which was described as the atypical myxoma of the right atrium. For further imaging, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were undertaken, which showed a tumor located in the interatrial septum with imaging characteristics of hemangioma. In the literature, cardiac hemangioma is usually described as an intensely enhancing mass. In our opinion, early peripheral puddling of contrast material with filling in on delayed images is a typical pattern of its enhancement. This characteristic, in addition to high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, allows differentiation of a hemangioma from other benign and malignant tumors.

  8. Capillary hemangioma of the testis: A rare benign tumour

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Nathan Colin; Dason, Shawn; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Alexopoulou, Iakovina; Greenspan, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Testicular capillary hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumour. We report a case of a 66-year-old man who underwent an uncomplicated radical orchiectomy for a painless left testicular mass. Pathology showed capillary hemangioma of the testis. There are only 22 cases reported in the English literature, including the presented case. Appropriate intra-operative recognition of this entity is vital to assess for potential testicular-sparing surgery. PMID:26085871

  9. Epithelioid hemangioma of the orbit: case report.

    PubMed

    Budimir, Ivan; Demirović, Alma; Iveković, Renata; Pažanin, Leo

    2015-03-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) and Kimura's disease (KD) were once considered different stages of the same disease, as they share many clinical and histopathologic similarities. Nowadays, they are considered as two different entities, but some authors still confuse these terms. Our objective is to present a case of EH occurring in a very uncommon location and to emphasize the microscopic and clinical differences between EH and KD. We present a case of EH of the orbit in an 83-year-old man diagnosed after histopathologic evaluation of a mass that was surgically removed from the orbit. The tumor showed typical microscopic appearance with pathognomonic epithelioid endothelial cells. The diagnosis was also confirmed by immunohistochemical analysis. Our case clearly illustrates typical appearance of EH and the main differences between EH and KD are thoroughly discussed. PMID:26058249

  10. Intercostal hemangioma of the chest wall

    PubMed Central

    Hamzík, Julian

    2016-01-01

    The authors describe a case of a 36-year-old patient who had six months’ pain of the thoracic spine and left chest. A soft slowly growing resistance was present on the dorso-lateral side of the left chest wall, in the range of the seventh to ninth rib. According to the medical history, the patient did not have any prior trauma and malignancy. A well-defined tumor of the left chest wall with calcifications, which grew to the seventh and eighth intercostal space, was present on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) scans. The patient underwent resection of the tumor with the chest wall and reconstruction with polypropylene mesh. Histologically, it was a venous hemangioma, one of very rare tumors of the chest wall. PMID:27212983

  11. Control for laser hemangioma treatment system

    SciTech Connect

    Muckerheide, M.C.

    1982-02-23

    A laser is disclosed for directing a nominally 5 micron wavelength beam at a hemangioma or other variegated lesion. A fiber optic bundle for intercepting radiation reflected from the lesion at an intensity corresponding with the color intensity of the region at which the beam is directed. The output beam from the fiber optic bundle modulates a photodetector stage whose amplified output drives a galvanometer. The galvanometer shaft is coupled to the shaft of a potentiometer which is adjustable to regulate the laser power supply and, hence, the laser output energy level so laser beam energy is reduced when high absorption regions in the lesion are being scanned by the beam and increased as low absorption regions are being scanned.

  12. Diagnosis and Management of Infantile Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Darrow, David H; Greene, Arin K; Mancini, Anthony J; Nopper, Amy J

    2015-10-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors of childhood. Unlike other tumors, they have the unique ability to involute after proliferation, often leading primary care providers to assume they will resolve without intervention or consequence. Unfortunately, a subset of IHs rapidly develop complications, resulting in pain, functional impairment, or permanent disfigurement. As a result, the primary clinician has the task of determining which lesions require early consultation with a specialist. Although several recent reviews have been published, this clinical report is the first based on input from individuals representing the many specialties involved in the treatment of IH. Its purpose is to update the pediatric community regarding recent discoveries in IH pathogenesis, treatment, and clinical associations and to provide a basis for clinical decision-making in the management of IH. PMID:26416931

  13. Diagnosis of orbital cavernous hemangioma with Tc-99m RBC SPECT.

    PubMed

    Ki, W W; Shin, J W; Won, K S; Ryu, J S; Yang, S O; Lee, H K; Kim, Y J

    1997-08-01

    The authors report two cases of orbital cavernous hemangioma diagnosed by Tc-99m RBC SPECT. Tc-99m RBC SPECT showed a typical scintigraphic pattern commonly seen in hepatic hemangioma in which there is intense focally increased uptake on delayed SPECT images. Tc-99m RBC SPECT in orbital cavernous hemangioma may be as useful a diagnostic modality as in hepatic hemangioma. PMID:9262901

  14. Anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney: a literature review of a rare morphological variant of hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Background Anastomosing hemangioma (AH) of the kidney is a recently described morphological variant of hemangioma. It poses a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians because of its rarity and the overlapping features it shares with other renal vascular tumors. The aim of this paper is to review all the cases of AH of the kidney in the literature. Methods The literature was extensively searched for case reports of AH of the kidney and the clinical and pathological characteristics of the tumor were extracted. Results A total of 45 cases were reviewed. The mean age of presentation was 50 years (range, 15-83 years) and male sex accounted for 68.8% of the cases reviewed. AH of the kidney was mostly unilateral with only 4 cases of bilateral involvement of the kidney. The average size of the tumor is 1.5 cm (range, 0.1-7 cm). Incidental finding of AH of the kidney accounted for 62% of the cases reviewed. The ultrasound findings demonstrated varying echogenicity and the tumor appeared as solid and well demarcated heterogeneous masses on CT. The average follow up of the patients in this review was 26 months (range, 1-156 months). Conclusions AH of the kidney is a rare vascular tumor and a morphological variant of hemangioma. It has a characteristic sinusoidal architecture with a semblance of splenic sinusoids. It has overlapping clinical and imaging features with other vascular tumors of the kidney. Histological review and immunohistochemical studies are essential for accurate diagnosis. AH runs a benign course without evidence of disease recurrence during follow up. PMID:26244138

  15. Retroperitoneal cavernous hemangioma resected by a pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy

    PubMed Central

    Hanaoka, Marie; Hashimoto, Masaji; Sasaki, Kazunari; Matsuda, Masamichi; Fujii, Takeshi; Ohashi, Kenichi; Watanabe, Goro

    2013-01-01

    A retroperitoneal hemangioma is a rare disease. We report on the diagnosis and treatment of a retroperitoneal hemangioma which had uncommonly invaded into both the pancreas and duodenum, thus requiring a pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PpPD). A 36-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain. An enhanced computed tomography scan without contrast enhancement revealed a 12 cm × 9 cm mass between the pancreas head and right kidney. Given the high rate of malignancy associated with retroperitoneal tumors, surgical resection was performed. Intraoperatively, the tumor was inseparable from both the duodenum and pancreas and PpPD was performed due to the invasive behavior. Although malignancy was suspected, pathological diagnosis identified the tumor as a retroperitoneal cavernous hemangioma for which surgical resection was the proper diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. Reteoperitoneal cavernous hemangioma is unique in that it is typically separated from the surrounding organs. However, clinicians need to be aware of the possibility of a case, such as this, which has invaded into the surrounding organs despite its benign etiology. From this case, we recommend that combined resection of inseparable organs should be performed if the mass has invaded into other tissues due to the hazardous nature of local recurrence. In summary, this report is the first to describe a case of retroperitoneal hemangioma that had uniquely invaded into surrounding organs and was treated with PpPD. PMID:23901241

  16. Vertebral hemangioma coincident with metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Zapałowicz, Krzysztof; Bierzyńska-Macyszyn, Grażyna; Stasiów, Bartłomiej; Krzan, Aleksandra; Wierzycka, Beata; Kopycka, Anna

    2016-03-01

    The authors report on colon cancer metastasis to the L-3 vertebra, which had been previously found to be involved by an asymptomatic hemangioma. A 61-year-old female patient was admitted after onset of lumbar axial pain and weakness of the right quadriceps muscle. Her medical history included colon cancer that had been diagnosed 3 years earlier and was treated via a right hemicolectomy followed by chemotherapy. Presurgical imaging revealed an asymptomatic hemangioma in the L-3 vertebral body. Computed tomography and MRI of the spine were performed after admission and revealed a hemangioma in the L-3 vertebral body as well as a soft-tissue mass protruding from the L-3 vertebral body to the spinal canal. Treatment consisted of vertebroplasty of the hemangioma, left L-3 hemilaminectomy, and removal of the pathological mass from the spinal canal and the L-3 vertebral body. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of colon cancer metastasis and a hemangioma in the same vertebra. PMID:26588498

  17. Laser statistical polarimetry optical anisotropy of blood plasma of the patients with hemangioma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2011-09-01

    Proposed in this work is a novel method of early laser polarimetric diagnostics of vessels pathologies and hemangioma formation. The generalized model of formation processes of polarization inhomogeneous laser images of experimental samples of biological tissues is presented. It was performed the experimental measurements of polarization states of both biological tissues laser images points and the hemangioma liquids. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  18. Laser statistical polarimetry optical anisotropy of blood plasma of the patients with hemangioma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2012-01-01

    Proposed in this work is a novel method of early laser polarimetric diagnostics of vessels pathologies and hemangioma formation. The generalized model of formation processes of polarization inhomogeneous laser images of experimental samples of biological tissues is presented. It was performed the experimental measurements of polarization states of both biological tissues laser images points and the hemangioma liquids. The results of investigating the interrelation between statistical moments of the 1st-4th order are presented that characterize the coordinate distributions of polarization azimuth of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  19. Submandibular hemangioma with multiple phleboliths mimicking sialolithiasis: the first pediatric case.

    PubMed

    Aynalı, Giray; Unal, Fatih; Yarıktaş, Murat; Yasan, Hasan; Ciriş, Metin; Yılmaz, Omer

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are the most common masses of the major salivary glands in parotid glands in childhood particularly. They occur more frequently in the parotid gland and rarely the submandibular gland. Changes in blood flow dynamics within hemangiomas may induce thrombus formation and phleboliths. Cavernous hemangioma may lead to thrombophlebitis in major salivary glands in adults. To our knowledge, cavernous hemangioma of submandibular glands containing phleboliths in childhood has not been described so far in the literature. In this article, we report the first pediatric case of a cavernous hemangioma containing multiple phleboliths in the submandibular gland mimicking submandibular sialolithiasis in a seven-year-old boy. PMID:25010807

  20. The role of Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy in the differential diagnosis of orbital cavernous hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Sayit, E; Durak, I; Capakaya, G; Yilmaz, M; Durak, H

    2001-04-01

    The cavernous hemangioma is the most common benign orbital tumor in adults. Its presentation is during the forth to fifth decades with a slowly progressive unilateral proptosis. Intraconal cavernous hemangiomas may be difficult to differentiate from other intraconal lesions such as schwannomas, meningiomas and hemangiopericytomas. We report a case of orbital cavernous hemangioma diagnosed by Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy. Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy revealed a typical scintigraphic pattern in which there is intense focally increased uptake on the delayed image. We conclude that Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy can be a useful method in the differential diagnosis of orbital cavernous hemangioma as in hepatic hemangioma. PMID:11448074

  1. Bronchial‐pulmonary arterial fistula with primary racemose hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Morio, Yoshiteru; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Shiraishi, Akihiko; Uekusa, Toshimasa; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Bronchial‐pulmonary arterial fistula (BPAF) is a rare vascular malformation complicated with racemose hemangioma. We report a case of a 65‐year‐old male with BPAF with primary racemose hemangioma. Bronchial arteriography demonstrated convolution, dilation, and aneurysm connected with pulmonary artery, suggesting the presence of BPAF, in the left upper lobe. Since a 20‐mm sized aneurysm of bronchial artery and BPAF coexisted, he underwent ligation of bronchial arterial aneurysm and left upper lobectomy to prevent hemoptysis. As neither history of prior illness nor histopathologic findings of vascular inflammation was seen, the present case demonstrated BPAF with primary racemose hemangioma. Establishment of non‐invasive treatment strategy for BPAF is urgently required. PMID:27081488

  2. Bronchial-pulmonary arterial fistula with primary racemose hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Kato, Miharu; Morio, Yoshiteru; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Shiraishi, Akihiko; Uekusa, Toshimasa; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2016-04-01

    Bronchial-pulmonary arterial fistula (BPAF) is a rare vascular malformation complicated with racemose hemangioma. We report a case of a 65-year-old male with BPAF with primary racemose hemangioma. Bronchial arteriography demonstrated convolution, dilation, and aneurysm connected with pulmonary artery, suggesting the presence of BPAF, in the left upper lobe. Since a 20-mm sized aneurysm of bronchial artery and BPAF coexisted, he underwent ligation of bronchial arterial aneurysm and left upper lobectomy to prevent hemoptysis. As neither history of prior illness nor histopathologic findings of vascular inflammation was seen, the present case demonstrated BPAF with primary racemose hemangioma. Establishment of non-invasive treatment strategy for BPAF is urgently required. PMID:27081488

  3. Intraneural hemangioma of the median nerve: A case report

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the median nerve are very rare and, so far, only ten cases of intraneural hemangioma of this nerve have been reported in the literature. We present a case of 14-year-old girl who had a soft tissue mass in the region of the left wrist with signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Total removal of the mass was achieved using microsurgical epineural and interfasicular dissection. The symptoms were relieved completely, after this procedure, without any neurologic deficit. On follow-up two years later, no recurrence was observed. Whenever a child or young adult patient presents with CTS the possibility of a hemangioma involving the median nerve should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis. PMID:18294368

  4. Giant adrenal hemangioma: Unusual cause of huge abdominal mass

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Boudhas, Adil; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Essarghini, Mohamed; Njoumi, Noureddine; Sair, Khalid; Zentar, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Adrenal hemangioma is an extremely rare benign and non-functioning neoplasm of the adrenal gland. We report a case of a 71-year-old woman admitted for intermittent abdominal pain and abdominal distension associated with vomiting and chronic constipation for 5 years. Physical examination revealed a large abdominal mass. Both computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging suggested hemangioma in the right lobe of the liver. Laboratory examinations and tumour markers were within normal limits, except for hypochromic microcytic anemia. The mass was removed intact by conventional surgery and histopathology revealed a cavernous hemangioma of the adrenal gland with no signs of malignancy. Surgical resection was curative, with no recurrence at the 2-year follow-up. PMID:26600897

  5. An aggressive vertebral hemangioma in pregnancy: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Pregnancy-related compressive myelopathy secondary to vertebral hemangioma is a rare occurrence and its treatment antepartum is rare. Case presentation A 19-year-old North African woman in her 38th week of pregnancy presented with paraplegia that progressed within 2 days after a rapidly progressive weakness of her lower limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging studies showed compression of her spinal cord in front of the fourth thoracic vertebra for suspected tuberculous spondylitis. A Caesarean section was done followed by corpectomy with a bone graft because we intraoperatively discovered a vertebral hemangioma. Pathology showed an aggressive hemangioma. Conclusion At any term of pregnancy, extensive neurological involvement which is rapidly progressive due to compression should be considered for immediate decompression. PMID:24943121

  6. Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Choroidal Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Yun Taek; Kang, Se Woong; Lee, Jung-Il

    2011-12-01

    Purpose: Patients with choroidal hemangioma (CH), a benign ocular hamartoma, frequently presents with visual disturbance as a result of exudative retinal detachment (RD), which originates in subretinal fluid accumulation. We report our experience using the Leksell Gamma Knife in the management of symptomatic CH. Methods and Materials: Seven patients with symptomatic CH (circumscribed form in 3 patients and diffuse form in 4) were treated with the Leksell Gamma Knife at our institution during a 7-year period. All patients presented with exudative RD involving the macula that resulted in severe visual deterioration. The prescription dose to the target margin was 10 Gy in all cases. The mean tumor volume receiving the prescription dose was 536 mm{sup 3} (range, 151-1,057). The clinical data were analyzed in a retrospective fashion after a mean follow-up of 34.4 months (range, 9-76). Results: The resolution of exudative RD was achieved within 6 months, and the visual acuity of the affected eye had improved at the latest follow-up examination (p = .018) in all patients. No recurrence of exudative RD occurred. Thinning of the CHs was observed in most patients; however, symptomatic radiation toxicity had not developed in any of the patients. Conclusion: Symptomatic CHs can be safely and effectively managed with Gamma Knife radiosurgery using a marginal dose of 10 Gy.

  7. Ovarian cavernous hemangioma in an 8-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Mirilas, P; Georgiou, G; Zevgolis, G

    1999-04-01

    The case of an ovarian cavernous hemangioma with torsion in an 8-year-old girl is described. Current literature records less than 50 cases of which only 8 are in children. The presenting symptoms of acute abdomen and the ultrasonographic study led to the preoperative diagnosis of torsion of an ovarian tumor. Salpingo-oophorectomy and appendicectomy were performed with an uneventful postoperative course. The histological pattern of the tumor was that of an entirely cavernous hemangioma. The case is reported in view of its rarity. PMID:10342121

  8. Benign adrenal hemangiomas may mimic metastases on PET.

    PubMed

    Calata, Jed F; Sukerkar, Arun N; August, Carey Z; Maker, Ajay V

    2013-11-01

    CT or MRI are utilized in the initial evaluation of adrenal incidentalomas; however, overlap exists between benign and malignant lesions on these examinations. The American College of Radiology recommends PET scans to complement CT and MRI for patients with adrenal masses and a moderate-to-high likelihood of neoplastic disease. We present images of a PET-avid adrenal lesion in a patient with pulmonary and pancreatic neoplasms that mimicked metastasis, but was found to be a benign adrenal hemangioma on surgical resection. The use of PET for adrenal tumors, specifically adrenal hemangiomas, will be reviewed. PMID:24089061

  9. [Cavernous hemangioma: rare incidentaloma of the adrenal gland].

    PubMed

    de la Villéon, B; Goudard, Y; Peroux, E; Jacquet, S F; Aubert, P; Duverger, V

    2011-12-01

    The hemangioma of the adrenal gland is an adrenal gland lesion rare, benign and usually asymptomatic. Discovered incidentally during an abdominal imaging study, it is part of incidentalomas. Imagery is the best to characterise these silent adrenal masses (computed tomography [CT], Magnetic Resonance Imaging [MRI]± Positron Emission Tomography [PET scan] with 18F-FDG). The main risks of the hemangioma are ignorance of malignancy, bleeding and abdominal mass syndrome. The analysis of the literature shows the importance of laparoscopy. A multidisciplinary discussion on this type of lesion appears indispensable both diagnostic and therapeutic. PMID:22118362

  10. Elective laparoscopic splenectomy for giant hemangioma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Although unusual, hemangioma is the most common primary splenic neoplasm. Splenectomy is indicated when the tumor is large, with increased risk of hemorrhage. The laparoscopic approach is preferred for most elective splenectomies. Although technically feasible, laparoscopic splenectomy can be a challenge in the patient with splenomegaly. We present herein a case of an 18-year-old male asymptomatic patient who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy for the incidental finding of splenomegaly caused by a large splenic hemangioma. Laparoscopic splenectomy appears to be a safe and effective procedure, in appropriately experienced hands, for patients with splenomegaly, given the spleen's fragile anatomy and its relationship to other abdominal viscera. PMID:19123949

  11. Propranolol Promotes Accelerated and Dysregulated Adipogenesis in Hemangioma Stem Cells

    PubMed Central

    England, Ryan W.; Hardy, Krista L.; Kitajewski, Alex M.; Wong, Alvin; Kitajewski, Jan K.; Shawber, Carrie J.; Wu, June K.

    2014-01-01

    Background Infantile hemangiomas are the most common tumor of infancy, yet there are no FDA-approved therapeutics to date. Recently, the non-selective beta-adrenergic-blocker propranolol has been shown to be a safe and effective means of treating infantile hemangiomas, though its mechanism has yet to be elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that propranolol induces early and incomplete adipogenesis in stem cells derived from hemangiomas. We hypothesize that propranolol promotes dysregulated adipogenesis via the improper regulation of adipogenic genes. Methods Hemangioma stem cells isolated from resected infantile hemangioma specimens were treated with adipogenic medium for 1 or 4 days in either propranolol or vehicle. Cell death was measured by the incorporation of annexin V and propidium iodide by flow cytometry. Adipogenesis was assessed by visualizing lipid droplet formation by Oil Red O staining. Pro-adipogenic genes C/EBPβ, C/EBPβ, C/EBPδ, PPARδ, PPARγ, RXRα, and RXRγ were analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. Results Hemangioma stem cells treated with propranolol increased lipid droplet formation compared to vehicle-treated cells indicating increased adipogenesis. Cell death as measured by FACS analysis indicated that the propranolol-treated cells died due to necrosis and not apoptosis. During adipogenesis, transcript levels of PPARδ, PPARγ, C/EBPβ, and C/EBPδ were significantly increased (p < 0.01) in propranolol-treated cells relative to control cells. In contrast, RXRα and RXRγ levels were significantly decreased (p < 0.05), and C/EBPα, a gene required for terminal adipocyte differentiation, was strongly suppressed by propranolol when compared to vehicle-treated cells (p < 0.01). Conclusions In hemangioma stem cells, propranolol accelerated dysregulated adipogenic differentiation characterized by improper adipogenic gene expression. Consistent with accelerated adipogenesis, propranolol

  12. A systematic approach to vertebral hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Gaudino, Simona; Martucci, Matia; Colantonio, Raffaella; Lozupone, Emilio; Visconti, Emiliano; Leone, Antonio; Colosimo, Cesare

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are a frequent and often incidental finding on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the spine. When their imaging appearance is "typical" (coarsened vertical trabeculae on radiographic and CT images, hyperintensity on T1- and T2-weighted MR images), the radiological diagnosis is straightforward. Nonetheless, VHs might also display an "atypical" appearance on MR imaging because of their histological features (amount of fat, vessels, and interstitial edema). Although the majority of VHs are asymptomatic and quiescent lesions, they can exhibit active behaviors, including growing quickly, extending beyond the vertebral body, and invading the paravertebral and/or epidural space with possible compression of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots ("aggressive" VHs). These "atypical" and "aggressive" VHs are a radiological challenge since they can mimic primary bony malignancies or metastases. CT plays a central role in the workup of atypical VHs, being the most appropriate imaging modality to highlight the polka-dot appearance that is representative of them. When aggressive VHs are suspected, both CT and MR are needed. MR is the best imaging modality to characterize the epidural and/or soft-tissue component, helping in the differential diagnosis. Angiography is a useful imaging adjunct for evaluating and even treating aggressive VHs. The primary objectives of this review article are to summarize the clinical, pathological, and imaging features of VHs, as well as the treatment options, and to provide a practical guide for the differential diagnosis, focusing on the rationale assessment of the findings from radiography, CT, and MR imaging. PMID:25348558

  13. Hemangioma in a pulmonary hilar lymph node: Case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Different types of vascular proliferation may occur in lymph nodes, but hemangiomas in lymph nodes are extremely rare. Case Presentation A 73-year-old man was found to have a 15-mm nodular shadow in the left lung on computed tomography, and bronchoscopic brush cytology yielded a diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma. Chest computed tomography showed no evidence of hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Left lower lobectomy with hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative histopathological examination revealed squamous cell carcinoma and no lymph node metastasis. On the other hand, a lobar bronchial lymph node presented a small lesion showing the dense proliferation of capillary blood vessels with elastic change. Immunohistochemically, the lesion was positive for factor VIII and CD34, leading to a diagnosis of primary hemangioma of the lymph node. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature of hemangioma in a pulmonary hilar lymph node. Intranodal hemangioma needs to be differentiated from malignant vascular tumors. PMID:21266086

  14. Infantile hemangioma: pulsed dye laser versus surgical therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Remlova, E.; Dostalova, T.; Michalusova, I.; Vranova, J.; Jelinkova, H.; Hubacek, M.

    2014-05-01

    Hemangioma is a mesenchymal benign tumor formed by blood vessels. Anomalies affect up to 10% of children and they are more common in females than in males. The aim of our study was to compare the treatment efficacy, namely the curative effect and adverse events, such as loss of pigment and appearance of scarring, between classical surgery techniques and laser techniques. For that reason a group of 223 patients with hemangioma was retrospectively reviewed. For treatment, a pulsed dye laser (PDL) (Rhodamine G, wavelength 595 nm, pulsewidth between 0.45 and 40 ms, spot diameter 7 mm, energy density 9-11 J cm-2) was used and the results were compared with a control group treated with classical surgical therapy under general anesthesia. The curative effects, mainly number of sessions, appearance of scars, loss of pigment, and relapses were evaluated as a marker of successful treatment. From the results it was evident that the therapeutic effects of both systems are similar. The PDL was successful in all cases. The surgery patients had four relapses. Classical surgery is directly connected with the presence of scars, but the system is safe for larger hemangiomas. It was confirmed that the PDL had the optimal curative effect without scars for small lesions (approximately 10 mm). Surgical treatment under general anesthesia is better for large hemangiomas; the disadvantage is the presence of scars.

  15. Combined Mastocytoma-hemangioma in a Patient with Urticaria Pigmentosa

    PubMed Central

    Seung, Na Reu; Kang, Min Hee; Park, Eun Joo; Kim, Chul Woo; Cho, Hee Jin; Kim, Kwang Ho

    2008-01-01

    A patient with long-standing urticaria pigmentosa presented with a pea-sized reddish to purplish papule on the posterior part of the right ear. Histopathologic examination revealed numerous dilated vascular structures in the upper dermis and mast cell infiltrations throughout the whole dermis, consistent with combined mastocytoma-hemangioma. The mast cells were strongly positive with Giemsa stain.

  16. Scintigraphic evaluation of hepatic mass lesions: emphasis on hemangioma detection.

    PubMed

    Middleton, M L

    1996-01-01

    Nuclear medicine imaging techniques continue to play a unique role in the evaluation of hepatic masses. Although many useful radiodiagnostic agents are available, the predominant nuclear medicine study used to evaluate hepatic masses in this decade is technetium-labeled red blood cell "blood-pool" scintigraphy. Hepatic blood-pool scintigraphy is extremely useful for the confirmation or exclusion of benign hepatic hemangiomas. This technique was first described in the 1970s and has vastly improved since that time. This improvement has been caused predominantly by advancements in instrumentation, especially the development of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. However, a perfusion/blood-pool mismatch remains unchanged as the hallmark finding for hepatic hemangiomas. The sensitivity and specificity of blood-pool scanning for the detection of hemangiomas has continued to increase over the years, and has not been equaled or surpassed by other radiographic modalities, with the possible exception of magnetic resonance imaging. Furthermore, blood-pool imaging is relatively inexpensive, simple to perform, and highly accurate. When a suspected hepatic hemangioma is confirmed by a positive radionuclide blood-pool study, the clinical evaluation of patients with hepatic masses can generally be terminated. PMID:8623050

  17. [Synovial hemangioma of the knee joint. A case report].

    PubMed

    Lassoued, S; Billey, T; Ould-Henia, A; Aziz-Alaoui, M; Fardou, H; Jacobzone, D

    2002-11-01

    Synovial hemangioma of the knee joint was diagnosed in a young woman 15 years after the first signs. The principal clinical manifestation involved repeated episodes of hemorrhagic joint effusion. MRI is the exploration of choice for this vascular tumor of the synovial membrane, although a pathology study is needed to confirm the diagnosis. Cure is achieved with surgical resection. PMID:12457119

  18. Role of pigment epithelium-derived factor in the involution of hemangioma: Autocrine growth inhibition of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Kyung-Jin; Yun, Jang-Hyuk; Heo, Jong-Ik; Lee, Eun Hui; Min, Hye Sook; Choi, Tae Hyun; Cho, Chung-Hyun

    2014-11-14

    Highlights: • PEDF was expressed and induced during the involuting phase of IH. • PEDF inhibited the cell growth of the involuting HemECs in an autocrine manner. • PEDF suppression restored the impaired cell growth of the involuting HemECs. - Abstract: Hemangioma is a benign tumor derived from abnormal blood vessel growth. Unlike other vascular tumor counterparts, a hemangioma is known to proliferate during its early stage but it is followed by a stage of involution where regression of the tumor occurs. The critical onset leading to the involution of hemangioma is currently not well understood. This study focused on the molecular identities of the involution of hemangioma. We demonstrated that a soluble factor released from the involuting phase of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells (HemECs) and identified pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) as an anti-angiogenic factor that was associated with the growth inhibition of the involuting HemECs. The growth inhibition of the involuting HemECs was reversed by suppression of PEDF in the involuting HemECs. Furthermore, we found that PEDF was more up-regulated in the involuting phase of hemangioma tissues than in the proliferating or the involuted. Taken together, we propose that PEDF accelerates the involution of hemangioma by growth inhibition of HemECs in an autocrine manner. The regulatory mechanism of PEDF expression could be a potential therapeutic target to treat hemangiomas.

  19. Management of Liver Hemangioma Using Trans-Catheter Arterial Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Firouznia, Kavous; Ghanaati, Hossein; Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Nassiri Toosi, Mohssen; Ebrahimi Daryani, Nasser; Jalali, Amir Hossein; Shakiba, Madjid; Hosseinverdi, Sima

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hemangioma, a congenital vascular malformation, is the most common benign liver lesion that is usually remain stable subsequently requiring not treatment; however, complications such as abdominal pain or fullness, coagulation disturbances, and inflammatory syndrome may occur, demanding a specific treatment of hemangioma. Objectives: To assess the safety, feasibility and efficacy of trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) for the treatment of Liver hemangioma Patients and Methods: TAE was performed on 20 patients with liver hemangioma. The embolic agent used was polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles (300-400 micron, Jonson and Johnson Cordis, USA). All patients were followed up for 6 months. Imaging was carried out and patients were also evaluated symptomatically through telephone interview by a physician. Results: Twenty patients aged from 21 to 63 years (mean: 46.8, SD: 10.26) were included in this study. Post embolization syndrome, including abdominal pain, fever, and leukocytosis occurred in one patient 1 week after TAE and lasted for 3 days. No serious adverse event and TAE-related death was observed. None of the patient underwent another intervention including surgery. During follow up interval, decreased episode of abdominal pain was documented in all patients who had pain. Tumor enlargement was also stopped during the follow up. The average diameter of tumors was 97.00 mm (range: 25-200 SD: 47.85) and 88.95 mm (range: 23-195 SD: 43.27) before and after embolization, respectively. Comparison of images before and after TAE revealed statistically significant decrease in the size of lesion (P value: 0.004, t: 3.31). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that TAE is a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of liver hemangioma. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to support therapeutic effects of TAE. PMID:25737731

  20. Gamma knife surgery for a hemangioma of the cavernous sinus in a child.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Rory K J; Reynolds, Matthew R; Mansur, David B; Smyth, Matthew D

    2013-01-01

    Cavernous sinus (CS) hemangiomas are rare vascular abnormalities that constitute 0.4%-2% of all lesions within the CS. Cavernous sinus hemangiomas are high-flow vascular tumors that tend to hemorrhage profusely during resection, leading to incomplete resection and high morbidity and mortality. While Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) has proven to be an effective treatment of CS hemangiomas in the adult population, few reports of GKS for treatment of CS hemangiomas exist in the pediatric literature. Here, the authors present the first case of a 15-year-old girl with a biopsy-proven CS hemangioma who achieved complete resolution of her symptoms and a complete imaging-defined response following GKS. If suspicion for a CS hemangioma is high in a pediatric patient, GKS may be considered as an effective treatment modality, thus avoiding the morbidities of open resection. PMID:23082966

  1. Sternal Cleft associated with Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Atrial Septal Defect, and Subglottic Hemangioma: A rarity.

    PubMed

    Sadeghian, Naser; Mirshemirani, Alireza; Sadeghian, Irandokht

    2014-01-01

    We present a 2-day-old female neonate with cleft of the upper sternum, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), atrial septal defect (ASD), and subglottic hemangioma. Dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and imaging were performed. She underwent a surgical repair of sternal cleft in neonatal life. After 8 months, she developed respiratory distress, apnea due to subglottic hemangioma. She underwent urgent tracheostomy. Subglottic hemangioma was treated with the KTP532 laser. PMID:24834387

  2. Diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the penis, scrotum, perineum, and rectum--a rare tumor.

    PubMed

    Rastogi, Rajul

    2008-07-01

    Hemangiomas are benign lesions that occur in any part of the body. Genital hemangioma involving the entire penis and scrotum are extremely rare. More rarely they can extend in to the pelvis making preoperative imaging imperative and decisive in treatment. Very few cases have been reported in the medical literature. Hereby, a rare cavernous hemangioma that involves the entire penis, scrotum and extends into perineum and rectum in an 18-year-old male is presented with review of literature. PMID:18580022

  3. Cavernous hemangioma of the submandibular gland with parapharyngeal extension in an adult: Case report.

    PubMed

    Azadarmaki, Roya; Then, Matthew T; Walia, Rohit; Lango, Miriam N

    2016-02-01

    Cavernous hemangiomas of the submandibular gland are rare. Signs and symptoms typically resemble those of sialolithiasis and chronic sialadenitis. If a lesion extends into the parapharyngeal space, otalgia and sore throat can result. Spontaneous regression is not a characteristic of cavernous hemangiomas. Surgical excision is a management option. We report the case of an adult with a submandibular gland cavernous hemangioma with parapharyngeal extension. PMID:26930336

  4. Long-term follow up of renal anastomosing hemangioma mimicking renal angiosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Heidegger, Isabel; Pichler, Renate; Schäfer, Georg; Zelger, Bernhard; Zelger, Bettina; Aigner, Friedrich; Bektic, Jasmin; Horninger, Wolfgang

    2014-08-01

    Anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney is a very rare neoplasm, currently 19 cases have been reported in the literature. First described in 2009, histopathologically anastomosing hemangioma is similar to aggressive angiosarcoma. No long-term follow-up data of anastomosing hemangioma have been described yet. Here, we present the case of a healthy 56-year-old man diagnosed in 2002 with a 7 × 5-cm anastomosing hemangioma mimicking an aggressive renal angiosarcoma. The patient underwent nephrectomy and has been followed up disease free for 13 years. PMID:24650180

  5. Massive Hemoptysis due to Endotracheal Hemangioma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Yeonsil; Lee, Suhyeon; An, Jinyoung; Lee, Jeongmin; Kim, Jihoon; Lee, Youngkyung; Jung, Eunah; Song, Sookhee; Kim, Hyeok

    2015-01-01

    Tracheal hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor in adults. We reported a case of massive hemoptysis caused by a cavernous hemangioma in a 75-year-old man. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a tracheal cavernous hemangioma that presented with massive hemoptysis. The lesion was removed with a CO2 laser under rigid laryngoscopy. Endovascular tumors, such as tracheobronchial hemangiomas, should be considered a diagnostic option in cases of massive hemoptysis without a significant underlying lung lesion. PMID:25861344

  6. Ulcerated Scrotal Hemangioma in an 18-Month-Old Male Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Patoulias, Ioannis; Farmakis, Konstantinos; Kaselas, Christos

    2016-01-01

    Deep scrotal hemangiomas are rare. Less than 50 case reports have been published. After systematic research of the literature, we found less than 5 cases of ulcerated scrotal hemangioma. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the challenges of scrotal hemangiomas pose and their potential therapies based on the successful surgical treatment of an ulcerated scrotal hemangioma in an 18-month-old male patient. PMID:27413573

  7. Ulcerated Scrotal Hemangioma in an 18-Month-Old Male Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Patoulias, Ioannis; Farmakis, Konstantinos; Kaselas, Christos; Patoulias, Dimitrios

    2016-01-01

    Deep scrotal hemangiomas are rare. Less than 50 case reports have been published. After systematic research of the literature, we found less than 5 cases of ulcerated scrotal hemangioma. The aim of this case report is to illustrate the challenges of scrotal hemangiomas pose and their potential therapies based on the successful surgical treatment of an ulcerated scrotal hemangioma in an 18-month-old male patient. PMID:27413573

  8. Cavernous hemangioma of the tongue: A rare case report.

    PubMed

    Kamala, K A; Ashok, L; Sujatha, G P

    2014-01-01

    Hemangiomas are developmental vascular abnormalities and more than 50% of these lesions occur in the head and neck region, with the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate most commonly involved. They are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasms. Here we report a case of hemangioma of the body of the tongue, discussing the diagnostic aspects and treatment modalities of such lesion and emphasizing the role of the color Doppler ultrasonography, especially in the diagnosis and treatment. Factors such as patient's age, size and site of lesion and the proximity of lesion to vital structure are paramount in the determination of the therapeutic approach and surgical excision. Even though radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, medical treatment, injection of sclerosing substances and the selective embolization of the lingual artery seem to have some efficacy, the author conclude that surgery is the therapy of choice in the isolated vascular lesions of the body of the tongue. PMID:24808705

  9. Pediatric lobular capillary hemangioma of the nasal cavity.

    PubMed

    Ozcan, Cengiz; Apa, Duygu Düşmez; Görür, Kemal

    2004-09-01

    Lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH), also called pyogenic granuloma, is a benign vascular tumor that is pedunculated on the skin and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. This disease occurs in all ages, but more often in the 3rd decade, and is seen in females more than males. LCH commonly appears in early childhood and affects males more than females in the pediatric age group. The gingiva, lips, tongue and buccal mucosa are the most common sites of mucosal LCH, but the nasal cavity is rare. Micro-trauma and hormonal factors are the most common etiologic factors. Epistaxis and nasal obstruction are the most marked symptoms. We describe the case of a 6-year-old girl with intra-nasal lobular capillary hemangioma presented with epistaxis and nasal obstruction. This should be considered in the differential diagnosis of childhood endonasal masses with bleeding. Total excision using endoscopic technique is the treatment of choice. PMID:14652770

  10. Metastatic Small-Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Simulating Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Leahy, Kate E.; Karaconji, Tanya; Thanni, Valli; Achan, Anita; Fung, Adrian T.

    2015-01-01

    Aim To report a case of metastatic small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma presenting as an isolated choroidal mass and initially misdiagnosed as a circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Methods The clinical history, fundus findings, imaging, cytology and immunohistochemical features are described. Results An otherwise healthy 66-year-old man was referred for a left nasal scotoma and a diagnosis of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Cytology showed cohesive clusters of small-to-intermediate malignant cells. The atypical cells stained positively for chromogranin, thyroid transcription factor-1 and synaptophysin consistent with small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. Conclusion Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma metastatic to the choroid is extremely rare; however, it is particularly aggressive and should be included in the differential diagnosis of isolated choroidal lesions, even in otherwise healthy patients. PMID:27171748

  11. Red blood cell scan in cavernous hemangioma of the larynx

    SciTech Connect

    Finkelstein, D.M.; Noyek, A.M.; Kirsh, J.C. )

    1989-09-01

    Cavernous hemangioma of the larynx is an uncommon, difficult-to-diagnose vascular tumor for which there is no significant imaging literature to date. The possibility of improved diagnosis through RBC scanning might obviate injudicious biopsy and potential hemorrhage within the airway. Utilizing the radionuclide RBC scan, which labels the patient's own RBCs initially with cold pyrophosphate, and subsequently with technetium 99m as pertechnetate, we have identified successfully four patients with cavernous hemangioma of the larynx. All presented with a supraglottic mass involving at least the aryepiglottic fold and arytenoid region unilaterally. This report describes our satisfactory diagnostic imaging experience with the radionuclide RBC scan and suggests both its imaging specificity and its role in the management of this lesion.

  12. Lymph node hemangioma in one-humped camel

    PubMed Central

    Aljameel, M.A.; Halima, M.O.

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioma is a benign tumor of blood and lymphatic vessels. It is common in skin, mucosa and soft tissues, and its occurrence in lymph nodes is extremely rare. A 10 year-old she-camel was slaughtered at Nyala slaughterhouse, South Darfur State, Sudan. Grossly, the carcass was emaciated. The left ventral superficial cervical lymph node was enlarged, hard on palpation and protruded outside the body. Its cut surface was dark red in color and measured (18 cm) in diameter. Histopathologically, the sections revealed vascular masses were composed of non-encapsulated clusters of small and medium sized with thick and thin-walled, filled with blood, separated by courageous stroma and surrounded by closely packed proliferating capillaries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of the left ventral superficial cervical lymph node hemangioma in a camel in the Sudan. PMID:26753134

  13. Scintigraphic evaluation of liver masses: cavernous hepatic hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Rubin, R A; Lichtenstein, G R

    1993-05-01

    Hepatic cavernous hemangioma must be included in the differential diagnosis of any hepatic solid mass. It is the second most common neoplasm of the liver, following intrahepatic metastases. With the exception of giant or symptomatic HCH, it does not require specific intervention. The ability to diagnose HCH radiologically (Table 2) has significant clinical importance. When confronted with clinical data and a preliminary radiologic study suggestive of HCH, serial planar blood-pool scintigraphy (with SPECT if the lesion is < 3-4 cm) should probably be the initial diagnostic examination. In comparison to MRI, it is safer, less expensive and easier for some patients to tolerate. For small, deep seated lesions or those adjacent to the heart or large vessels, MRI is the preferred test. Dynamic CT is probably most useful in patients with normal renal function in whom optimal imaging of the extrahepatic abdomen is desired. If the etiology of an incidental hepatic mass suspected to be an HCH is still not evident after these studies, angiography or biopsy are the remaining options. As described, angiography is sensitive and relatively specific for HCH. Although percutaneous biopsy may be associated with increased risk of bleeding, fine-needle biopsy has been shown to be safe for hemangiomas. However, fine-needle biopsy is more useful for confirming a suspected malignancy than for actually diagnosing hemangioma. PMID:8478723

  14. Extensive facial and orbital infantile hemangiomas associated with high intraocular pressure.

    PubMed

    Shatriah, Ismail; Norazizah, Mohd-Amin; Wan-Hitam, Wan-Hazabbah; Wong, Abd-Rahim; Yunus, Rohaizan; Leo, Seo-Wei

    2013-01-01

    High intraocular pressure is a rare ophthalmic condition associated with infantile hemangiomas that involves the orbit, eyelid, or both. Here, we describe a patient with extensive facial and orbital infantile hemangiomas associated with high intraocular pressure in the affected eye. The prompt management of this challenging condition is essential. PMID:22329437

  15. Osteolytic mass bridging two cervical vertebrae: Unusual presentation of a vertebral body hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Dane; Sag, Alan Alper; Krishnan, Anant; Silbergleit, Richard; Roy, Anindya; Dulai, Mohanpal

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral hemangioma is the most common spinal axis tumor. This rare presentation of a vertebral hemangioma extended contiguously from one cervical vertebra to another, encasing the vertebral artery, and thereby mimicking other tumors of the spine. We discuss the differential diagnosis of bridging vertebral masses. PMID:27190555

  16. Feasibility of laparoscopic liver resection for giant hemangioma of greater than 6 cm in diameter

    PubMed Central

    Kim, In Sung

    2014-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims Liver hemangioma, the most common benign liver tumor, can be safely managed by clinical observation. However, surgical treatment should be considered in a subset of patients with giant hemangioma with abdominal symptoms. We reviewed the feasibility of total laparoscopic liver resection for giant hemangioma of >6 cm in diameter. Methods Nine consecutive patients who underwent total laparoscopic liver resection for giant hemangioma between August 2008 to December 2012 were included in this study. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for demographic data, laboratory findings, and perioperative results. Results The median age of patients was 36 yrs (range, 31-63). Eight females and 1 male were included in the study. The median size of hemangioma was 11 cm in diameter (range, 6-18) and 5 patients had a hemangioma >10 cm. Indications for surgical treatments were abdominal symptoms in 4 patients, increased size in 5 patients, and uncertain diagnosis in 1 patient. The median operation time was 522 minutes for right hepatectomy, 220 minutes for left lateral sectionectomy, and 90 minutes for wedge resection. The median estimated blood loss was 400 ml (range, 50-900). There was no postoperative morbidity, including Clanvien-Dindo grade I. Conclusions The resection of giant hemangioma demands meticulous surgical technique due to high vascularity and the concomitant risk of intraoperative hemorrhage. Laparoscopic liver resection is feasible with minimal operative complication. Therefore, laparoscopic liver resection can be considered as an option for surgical treatment for giant hemangioma. PMID:26155263

  17. Macrophages Contribute to the Progression of Infantile Hemangioma by Regulating the Proliferation and Differentiation of Hemangioma Stem Cells.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei; Chen, Gang; Wang, Feng-Qin; Ren, Jian-Gang; Zhu, Jun-Yi; Cai, Yu; Zhao, Ji-Hong; Jia, Jun; Zhao, Yi-Fang

    2015-12-01

    Macrophage infiltration has been implicated in infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy. However, the exact role of macrophages in IH remains unknown. This study aims to clarify the functional significance of macrophages in the progression of IH. The distribution of macrophages in human IH was analyzed, and our results revealed that polarized macrophages were more prevalent in proliferating IHs than in involuting IHs, which was consistent with the increased macrophage-related cytokines in proliferating IHs. In vitro results further demonstrated that polarized macrophages effectively promoted the proliferation of hemangioma stem cells (HemSCs) and suppressed their adipogenesis in an Akt- and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2)-dependent manner. Moreover, M2- but not M1-polarized macrophages promoted the endothelial differentiation of HemSCs. Furthermore, mixing macrophages in a murine hemangioma model elevated microvessel density and postponed fat tissue formation, which was concomitant with the activation of Akt and Erk1/2 signals. Cluster analysis revealed a close correlation among the macrophage markers, Ki67, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), p-Akt, and p-Erk1/2 in human IH tissues. Collectively, our results suggest that macrophages in IH contribute to tumor progression by promoting the proliferation and endothelial differentiation while suppressing the adipogenesis of HemSCs. These findings indicate that targeting the infiltrating macrophages in IH is a promising therapeutic approach to accelerate IH regression. PMID:26288359

  18. A rare case of abnormal uterine bleeding caused by cavernous hemangioma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Cavernous hemangiomas of the uterus are extremely rare, benign lesions. A survey of the current literature identified fewer than 50 cases of hemangioma of the uterus. Case presentation We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the uterus in a 27-year-old Malay, para 1 woman who presented at our hospital with torrential vaginal bleeding having been transferred by land ambulance from a district hospital 30 minutes away. 11 weeks previously she had an urgent cesarean section at our hospital. She had to undergo a hysterectomy to control her bleeding after other measures were unsuccessful. A histopathological report confirmed a diffuse ramifying hemangioma of the cervix and uterus with left hematosalpinx. Conclusion Most ramifying hemangioma lesions are asymptomatic and are found incidentally, but sometimes they may cause abnormal vaginal bleeding and hence should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with vaginal bleeding. Hysterectomy is the primary mode of treatment in most symptomatic cases. PMID:20478031

  19. Resection of giant liver hemangioma in a pregnant woman with coagulopathy: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Ebina, Yasuhiko; Hazama, Ryoichi; Nishimoto, Masashi; Tanimura, Kenji; Miyahara, Yoshiya; Morizane, Mayumi; Nakabayashi, Koji; Fukumoto, Takumi; Ku, Yonson; Yamada, Hideto

    2011-01-01

    Background Hemangioma is a common benign tumor in the liver and usually asymptomatic. Scanty evidence concerning treatment modality of symptomatic hemangioma during pregnancy exists. Case A 35 year-old woman with giant hepatic cavernous hemangioma developed consumption coagulopathy due to the enlarged tumor, and underwent danaparoid therapy from 5 weeks of gestation (GW). Magnetic resonance image revealed giant hemangioma with 20 cm in diameter in the right lobe of the liver. A surgical operation of liver resection was successfully performed at 16 GW. Thereafter, the coagulopathy disappeared. She delivered a healthy male infant at 36 GW. Conclusion This is the first case report of surgical resection therapy for giant liver hemangioma during pregnancy. PMID:22905301

  20. A practical guide to treatment of infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Jia Wei; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Qin; Mai, Hua Ming; Wang, Yan An; Fan, Xin Dong; Qin, Zhong Ping; Wang, Xv Kai; Zhao, Yi Fang

    2013-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors in infancy and childhood. As hemangioma could regress spontaneously, it generally does not require treatment unless proliferation interferes with normal function or gives rise to risk of serious disfigurement and complications unlikely to resolve without treatment. Various methods for treating infant hemangiomas have been documented, including wait and see policy, laser therapy, drug therapy, sclerotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery and so on, but none of these therapies can be used for all hemangiomas. To obtain the best treatment outcomes, the treatment protocol should be individualized and comprehensive as well as sequential. Based on published literature and clinical experiences, we established a treatment guideline in order to provide criteria for the management of head and neck hemangiomas. This protocol will be renewed and updated to include and reflect any cutting-edge medical knowledge, and provide the newest treatment modalities which will benefit our patients. PMID:24260591

  1. A Potential Role for Notch Signaling in the Pathogenesis and Regulation of Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Wu, June K.; Kitajewski, Jan K.

    2013-01-01

    Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumor of infancy, yet its pathogenesis and the mechanisms governing proliferation and involution are not well understood. It is believed that hemangiomas arise out of clonal, abnormal hemangioma endothelial cells (HemECs). The underlying anomaly of the HemEC is not known, although studies have shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF signaling may influence HemECs. Moreover, there are numerous subtypes of hemangiomas, with differences in natural history, potential for morbidity, and prognosis, and little is known how this relates to HemEC. The Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved pathway across species from worms to mammals. Notch signaling has been shown to play a role during embryogenesis in directing vascular patterning and development and arterial and venous cell fate determination. Postnatally, it has been implicated in tumor angiogenesis in multiple malignancies. Notch signaling triggers tumor angiogenesis at least in part to stimulation by VEGF, thus establishing that there is a cross talk between the VEGF and Notch pathways. Given the presence of VEGF and its receptors in hemangiomas and known VEGF-Notch cross talk in tumor angiogenesis, the authors hypothesize that Notch signaling may contribute to hemangioma proliferation and involution. Preliminary studies of resected hemangioma specimens by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) show that all 4 Notch receptors and 2 Notch ligands, Jagged1 and Delta-like ligand 4, are expressed by hemangiomas. These findings support a role for Notch in hemangiomas, meriting further analysis of the functional relevance of Notch signaling in hemangiomas. PMID:19169152

  2. Distinction between hemangioma of the liver and hepatocellular carcinoma: value of labeled RBC-SPECT scanning

    SciTech Connect

    Kudo, M.; Ikekubo, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ibuki, Y.; Hino, M.; Tomita, S.; Komori, H.; Orino, A.; Todo, A.

    1989-05-01

    The role of adding single-photon emission CT (SPECT) to /sup 99m/Tc-labeled RBC imaging of the liver was evaluated by specifically focusing on the differentiation between hepatic hemangioma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Planar RBC imaging followed by blood-pool SPECT scanning was performed in 77 patients with a total of 108 hemangiomas and in 29 patients with a total of 46 hepatocellular carcinomas. All lesions were smaller than 5 cm in diameter. Thirty-six (33%) of 108 hemangiomas were detected by planar delayed RBC imaging, whereas 63 (58%) were detected by the delayed RBC-SPECT scan. The smallest hemangioma shown by delayed RBC-SPECT scanning was 1.4 cm in diameter, compared with 1.7 cm by planar RBC scanning. When confined to nodules larger than 1.4 cm in diameter, 42% of hemangiomas (36/85) were detected by planar delayed RBC imaging, whereas 74% (63/85) were detected by delayed RBC-SPECT. Increase in sensitivity was noted in nodules 2.1-4.0 cm in diameter. No hepatocellular carcinomas were shown by delayed RBC planar or SPECT scans. We concluded that with the addition of SPECT, the sensitivity of delayed RBC scans in the detection of small hemangiomas is considerably improved. Delayed RBC-SPECT scanning can be used to distinguish hemangioma from hepatocellular carcinoma.

  3. MR imaging of mesenteric hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Takamura, M; Murakami, T; Kurachi, H; Kim, T; Enomoto, T; Narumi, Y; Nakamura, H

    2000-01-01

    A 62-year-old woman presented with a mobile abdominal palpable mass. She underwent MR examination twice. Because of the mobility of the mass, it was out of the field of view on the first MR examination. The second MR examination detected the mass, which showed heterogeneous signal intensity including low and high intensity on T2-weighted spin echo images. The mass, which was cavernous hemangioma with old hemorrhage, was difficult to differentiate from fibroma or thecoma of the ovary or subserosal leiomyoma of the uterus. PMID:10852659

  4. Large Genital Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Surgically Correctable Entity.

    PubMed

    Gangkak, Goto; Mishra, Anoop; Priyadarshi, Shivam; Tomar, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of 24-year-old male presenting with painless penoscrotal swelling for 3 years. On examination, a large soft bag of worm-like, superficial, nonpulsatile swelling was present in scrotum and penis. Color Doppler showed dilated tortuous vessels and on angiography no connections to corpora or vessels were seen. So a diagnosis of hemangioma was made and a surgical excision was carried out by circumcoronal and scrotal incisions. Postop course was uneventful. At 6 months of follow-up, no recurrence was seen and wound had healed with excellent cosmetic appearance. PMID:26693380

  5. Cavernous Hemangioma of the Skull and Meningioma: Association or Coincidence?

    PubMed Central

    Kilani, M.; Darmoul, M.; Hammedi, F.; Ben Nsir, A.; Hattab, M. N.

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas of the skull are rare. Meningiomas are quite frequently encountered in a neurosurgical practice. The association between these two entities is nevertheless very uncommon. The authors present a case of a 72-year-old woman suffering from headache. The MRI showed a parietal meningioma with adjacent thick bone. The meningioma and the bone were removed. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of meningioma and revealed a cavernoma of the skull. The relationship between the lesions suggests more than a coincidental association. Several hypotheses are proposed to explain common causal connections. PMID:25960899

  6. Review of topical beta blockers as treatment for infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Painter, Sally L; Hildebrand, Göran Darius

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of infantile hemangiomas changed from the use of oral corticosteroids to oral propranolol on the serendipitous discovery of propanolol's clinical effectiveness in 2008. Since then, clinicians have begun to use topical beta blockers--in particular, timolol maleate 0.5% gel forming solution--with good effect. Topical beta blockers are now used for lesions with both deep and superficial components and those that are amblyogenic. When initiated in the proliferative phase of the lesion, the effectiveness of the treatment can be seen within days. There is no consensus on dosing, treatment bioavailability, or clinical assessment of lesions, but these are topics for future research. PMID:26408055

  7. Large Genital Cavernous Hemangioma: A Rare Surgically Correctable Entity

    PubMed Central

    Gangkak, Goto; Mishra, Anoop; Priyadarshi, Shivam; Tomar, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of 24-year-old male presenting with painless penoscrotal swelling for 3 years. On examination, a large soft bag of worm-like, superficial, nonpulsatile swelling was present in scrotum and penis. Color Doppler showed dilated tortuous vessels and on angiography no connections to corpora or vessels were seen. So a diagnosis of hemangioma was made and a surgical excision was carried out by circumcoronal and scrotal incisions. Postop course was uneventful. At 6 months of follow-up, no recurrence was seen and wound had healed with excellent cosmetic appearance. PMID:26693380

  8. Hemangioma of the Maxillary Sinus Presenting as a Mass: CT and MR Features

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Won Sang; Yoo, Chang Young; Park, Yong-Jin; Ihn, Yon Kwon

    2015-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the sinonasal tract are rare, and because these lesions lack the typical signs or symptoms, they can be confused with other malignant conditions. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma of the maxillary sinus in a 68-year-old man that was completely resected by endoscopic sinus surgery. Although computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed several enhancing areas within the tumor, the substantial bone erosion and remodeling made it difficult to differentiate this cavernous hemangioma from other expansile maxillary sinus lesions. We present the CT and MR findings of this lesion and discuss the differential diagnoses and potential therapeutic approaches. PMID:25901262

  9. Photodynamic therapy for diffuse choroidal hemangioma in a child with Sturge-Weber syndrome.

    PubMed

    Nugent, Ryan; Lee, Lawrence; Kwan, Anthony

    2015-04-01

    Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare neurocutaneous disorder involving the leptomeninges, skin of the face, and, in 40% of cases, diffuse choroidal hemangioma. We report the case of a 6-year-old girl with Sturge-Weber syndrome and a large diffuse choroidal hemangioma with retinal detachment involving the majority of the retina. The patient underwent photodynamic therapy. The retinal detachment resolved completely within 3 months of treatment. This case represents the youngest patient in the literature to undergo successful treatment with photodynamic therapy for Sturge-Weber syndrome-associated diffuse choroidal hemangioma. PMID:25828818

  10. Appearance of a hepatic hemangioma on prostate immunoscintigraphy. Value of early images.

    PubMed

    Krynyckyi, B R; Ganeles, A; Freeman, L M; Zuckier, L S

    1996-07-01

    In this case, the authors describe the appearance of hemangioma, the most common benign tumor of the liver, on early and delayed in-111 CP antibody images. The early immunoscintigraphic images show intense blood pool activity comparable in appearance to labeled RBC imaging, the current procedure of choice for confirming the diagnosis of hemangioma. In combination with disappearance of blood pool activity on the late scintigraphic images, these findings are pathognomonic for hemangioma and sufficiently distinct from the appearance of hepatic metastases on in-111 labeled antibody images to obviate the need for further confirmatory diagnostic studies. PMID:8818467

  11. Cavernous hemangioma in the thymus: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ose, Naoko; Kobori, Yuko; Takeuchi, Yukiyasu; Susaki, Yoshiyuki; Taniguchi, Seiji; Maeda, Hajime

    2016-12-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is not a neoplasm, but rather a congenital venous malformation with the potential to develop in all parts of the body, though it is very rarely seen in the thymus. We report a case of cavernous hemangioma in the thymus partially resected. A 71-year-old woman presented with pericardial discomfort, and chest computed tomography (CT) showed a left lateral mediastinal mass which was 2.0 × 1.2 × 1.8 cm in size, with border regularity and without calcification. Its interior was partially enhanced. Three-dimensional chest computed tomography image showed a tortuous vessel connecting to the tumor. Surgical resection was performed for the purpose of providing a definitive diagnosis and treatment because a mediastinal tumor such as thymoma or teratoma was suspected. Partial resection of the thymus including the mass was done by utilizing a three-port, left-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach with hoisting of the third rib with the patient in a spinal position. A wine-colored mass bulging from the surface of the left lobe of the thymus was identified along with the communicating vessel which could only be cut with an energy device. It is considered that thymic partial resection using VATS is a better option for small and non-infiltrative lesions. PMID:26943686

  12. Critical hepatic hemangioma in infants: recent nationwide survey in Japan.

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Tatsuo; Hoshino, Ken; Nosaka, Shunsuke; Shiota, Yohko; Nakazawa, Atsuko; Takimoto, Tetsuya

    2014-06-01

    The International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification divides vascular lesions into two major entities: neoplasms originating from the vascular endothelium and vascular malformations. Although this concept has been widely accepted, little has been established regarding vascular lesions in deep organs, such as infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH). The current nationwide survey identified 19 critical infantile hemangiomas during the most recent 5 years. On histopathology all the lesions examined were neoplastic, but portovenos shunt was found histologically or clinically in some cases. High-output cardiac failure, consumption coagulopathy, and respiratory distress were the major symptoms, and treatment-resistant coagulopathy seemed to be the most reliable predictor of fatal outcome. Although steroid has been the gold standard treatment for these lesions, 25% of the patients were totally insensitive to steroids, whereas propranolol had a prompt effect in one case. For critical IHH with steroid-insensitive thrombocytopenia and prothrombin time prolongation, novel therapeutic options including beta-blocker therapy, surgery, and liver transplantation should be urgently considered as alterative treatment. The present review summarizes the results of the survey. PMID:24689756

  13. Diode laser photocoagulation in PHACES syndrome hemangiomas: a case series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romeo, U.; Russo, N.; Polimeni, A.; Favia, G.; Lacaita, M. G.; Limongelli, L.; Franco, S.

    2014-01-01

    PHACES syndrome is a pediatric syndrome with cutaneous and extra-cutaneous manifestations, such as Posterior fossa defects, Hemangiomas, Arterial lesions, Cardiac abnormalities/aortic coarctation, Eye abnormalities and Sternal cleft. Facial hemangiomas affect the 75% of patients and may arise on the oral mucosa or perioral cutaneous regions. In this study we treated 26 Intraoral Haemangiomas (IH) and 15 Perioral Haemangiomas (PH) with diode laser photocoagulation using a laser of 800+/-10nm of wavelength. For IH treatment an optical fiber of 320 μm was used, and the laser power was set ted at 4 W (t-on 200 ms / t-off 400ms; fluence: 995 J/cm2). For PH treatment an optical fiber of 400 μm at the power of 5 W was used (t-on 100 ms / t-off 300 ms; fluence: 398 J/cm2). IH healed after one session (31%), the other (69%) after two sessions of Laser therapy. In each session, only a limited area of the PH was treated, obtaining a progressive improvement of the lesion. Diode laser photocoagulation is an effective option of treatment for IH and PH in patients affected by PHACE because of its minimal invasiveness. Moreover laser photocoagulation doesn't have side effects and can be performed repeatedly without cumulative toxicity. Nevertheless, more studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy in mid and long time period.

  14. Development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma after placement of dental implants: A review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Al-Shamiri, Hashem Motahir; Alaizari, Nader Ahmed; Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali; Tarakji, Bassel

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight the development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma after the placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, accessed via the National Library of Medicine PubMed Interface, for articles published between 2000 and 2014 in English, relating to the occurrence of pyogenic granuloma or hemangioma in relation to dental implants. Results: Our search identified only four case reports of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma related to dental implants as reported in the English literature. Conclusion: Placement of dental implants can cause development of pyogenic granuloma and hemangioma, indicating that placement of dental implants requires well-trained specialists with perfect skills in dental implantology. Furthermore, the critical selection of the appropriate case is of paramount importance to avoid the occurrence of such complications. PMID:25992330

  15. Ovarian hemangioma occurring synchronously with contralateral mature cystic teratoma in an 81-year-old patient

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Ovarian hemangiomas are seen rarely. We present a case of an ovarian hemangioma occurring synchronously with contralateral mature cystic teratoma. Case history An 81-year-old woman presented with hypertension and hyponatremia. In ultrasonographic evaluation a pelvic mass was found located at the left ovary. Histologically, a mature cystic teratoma measuring 9.5 × 9 × 8 cm was seen in left ovary. In the right ovary an incidental vascular lesion measuring 3.5 × 1.5 × 1 cm was observed. Final histopathological examination of this lesion demonstrated a hemangioma of cavernous type. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first ovarian hemangioma case occurring synchronously with contralateral mature cystic teratoma. PMID:20846106

  16. “Soap Bubble” Lesion of the Middle Phalanx: Enchondroma or Epitheloid Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Suresh, S S; Etemadi, Jamshid; Bhatnagar, Gunmala

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Epitheloid hemangioma, a benign vascular tumor that arises in skin and soft tissues can also involve the skeletal system. Occasionally this has been reported from small tubular bones of the hand. Case Report: Authors report a case of epitheloid hemangioma of the middle phalanx in a young girl without any cutaneous manifestations. The lesion presented as a swollen middle finger, and plain radiographs showed a geographic area of destruction with cortical thinning and intra lesional calcifications. The case was managed by curettage and bone grafting. Histology confirmed this as a case of epitheloid hemangioma. Conclusion: Epitheloid hemangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hand masses with expansile lytic lesions with cortical thinning.

  17. Giant primary ossified cavernous hemangioma of the skull in an adult: A rare calvarial tumor

    PubMed Central

    Tyagi, Devendra K; Balasubramaniam, Srikant; Sawant, Hemant V

    2011-01-01

    Primary intraosseous cavernous hemangiomas (PICHs) of the cranium are rare benign vascular tumors that account for about 0.2 % of all bone tumors and 10 % of benign skull tumors. They generally present as osteolytic lesions with honeycomb pattern of calcification. Completely ossified cavernous hemangioma of the calvarium in an adult has not been reported previously. A 28-year-old female presented to us with a large right parietal skull mass that had been present since the last 15 years. Total resection of the lesion was performed. Pathological examination was suggestive of cavernous hemangioma of the skull bone. Cavernous hemangioma should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis in any case of bony swelling of the calvarium so that adequate preoperative planning can be made to minimize blood loss and subsequent morbidity. PMID:21897684

  18. Cavernous hemangioma of the skull presenting with subdural hematoma. Case report.

    PubMed

    Gottfried, Oren N; Gluf, Wayne M; Schmidt, Meic H

    2004-10-15

    Cavernous hemangioma of the calvaria is a very rare disease, and patients usually present with headaches or a visible skull deformity. Few reports of patients presenting with intradiploic or epidural hemorrhages are found in the literature. No case of an intradural hemorrhage from a cavernous hemangioma of the skull has been reported to date. The authors present the case of a 50-year-old man in whom a symptomatic subdural hematoma (SDH) resulting from a cavernous hemangioma of the calvaria had hemorrhaged and eroded through the inner table of the skull and dura mater. The patient underwent surgery for evacuation of the SDH and resection of the calvarial lesion. Postoperatively, the patient experienced immediate relief of his symptoms and had no clinical or radiological recurrence. Calvarial cavernous hemangiomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of nontraumatic SDHs. Additionally, skull lesions that present with intracranial hemorrhages must be identified and resected at the time of hematoma evacuation to prevent recurrences. PMID:15633993

  19. Lumbar vertebral hemangioma mimicking lateral spinal canal stenosis: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Syrimpeis, Vasileios; Vitsas, Vasileios; Korovessis, Panagiotis

    2014-03-01

    Context Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. Findings We report a rare case of a 73-year-old woman, who had been treated for two months for degenerative neurogenic claudication. On admission, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic scans revealed a hemangioma of the third lumbar vertebra protruding to the epidural space producing lateral spinal stenosis and ipsilateral nerve root compression. The patient underwent successful right hemilaminectomy for decompression of the nerve root, balloon kyphoplasty with poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and pedicle screw segmental stabilization. Postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion In the elderly, this rare presentation of spinal stenosis due to hemangiomas may be encountered. Decompression and vertebral augmentation by means balloon kyphoplasty with PMMA plus segmental pedicle screw fixation is recommended. PMID:24090267

  20. Aggressive vertebral hemangioma in the postpartum period: an eye-opener

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Rajendra Singh; Agrawal, Rakesh; Srivastava, Trilochan; Kumar, Sunil; Gupta, Pankaj Kumar; Kookna, Jagdeesh Chandra

    2014-01-01

    Pregnancy is a well-known risk factor for incidental or asymptomatic vertebral hemangiomas becoming aggressive or symptomatic, most often during the third trimester of pregnancy, related to hemodynamic and endocrinal changes occurring during pregnancy. Many patients show spontaneous incomplete remission after delivery. We report a rare case of aggressive vertebral hemangioma in the postpartum period in a 26-year-old woman, who presented with upper backache with progressive spastic paraparesis. PMID:25988053

  1. A case of giant fetal intracranial capillary hemangioma cured with propranolol.

    PubMed

    Cavalheiro, Sergio; Campos, Heloisa Galvão do Amaral; Silva da Costa, Marcos Devanir

    2016-06-01

    Fetal brain tumors are rare. This report describes a giant posterior fossa capillary hemangioma treated with 3 mg/kg/day of propranolol for 6 months. Total regression was confirmed at 1 year, and no additional tumors were observed during the subsequent 2 years. No side effects relating to the use of this drug were detected; thus, the authors believe that propranolol may be useful for treating all intracranial capillary hemangiomas. PMID:26824594

  2. Use of intravenous propranolol for control of a large cervicofacial hemangioma in a critically ill neonate.

    PubMed

    Fernando, Shanik J; Leitenberger, Sabra; Majerus, Matt; Krol, Alfons; MacArthur, Carol J

    2016-05-01

    Cervicofacial segmental infantile hemangiomas (IH) may result in airway obstruction requiring use of propranolol to induce hemangioma regression and reestablish the airway. We present the first case using intravenous (IV) propranolol for control of airway obstruction and rapid expansion of cervicofacial IH in the setting of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) impaired gastrointestinal function. Intravenous dosing of propranolol was tolerated well in a critically ill neonate with multisystem complications of prematurity. PMID:27063753

  3. Preliminary Report On Combined Surgical- And Laser-Treatment Of Large Hemangiomas And Tattoos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginsbach, G.

    1981-05-01

    As most hemangiomas and tattoos require many sessions to be cured completely by argon-laser or conventional therapy I developed a new combined surgical and laser-therapy method for large hemangiomas and tattoos. This is a three step method. First: The skin lesion is treated by argon-laser with the point by point method, developed by ourself. Second: Under local or general anaesthesia a) the hemangioma is partially excised and undermined letting only the skin which is already treated by argon-laser-beams. Than the hemangioma is exstirpated in toto, the wound closed by running intradermal sutures and a pressure bandage applied, b) the tattoo is abraded as deep as possible, draped by lyofoam. Then a pressure bandage is applied. Third: The hemangioma as well as the tattoo are treated by argon-laser-beams after the operation. This method is safe and effective, gives good results, minimal scars in the case of hemangiomas and tattoos. In this paper the method is described and some cases are illustrated by pre- and postoperational photographs.

  4. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy of lip mucosa hemangiomas under inhalation general anesthesia with sevoflurane in early infancy.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wei-liang; Zhang, Bin; Li, Jin-song; Yang, Zhao-hui; Wang, Yong-jie; Huang, Zhi-quan; Ye, Yu-shan

    2009-02-01

    Mucous membrane hemangiomas of the lip are common benign vascular tumors of infancy. This clinical study evaluated the efficacy and safety of liquid nitrogen cryotherapy of mucous membrane hemangiomas of the lip in early infancy. It was a retrospective review of 127 pediatric patients with hemangiomas involving the lips who underwent liquid nitrogen cryotherapy under inhalation general anesthesia with sevoflurane. Forty-one males and 86 females were treated. The overall median age at diagnosis of the mucous membrane hemangiomas was 3.6 months (range, 7 days to 18 months). The oral mucous membrane hemangioma involved the vermilion of the lower lip in 78 cases (61.4%), the vermilion of the upper lip in 40 cases (31.5%), and both vermilions in 9 cases (7.1%). No complications because of anesthesia occurred. The mean follow-up was 10 months, with a range of 8 to 14 months; 94 lesions (74.0%) were completely involuted, 22 lesions (17.3%) were mostly involuted, 11 lesions (8.7%) were partially involuted, and no lesion showed a small amount of involution. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is an effective, simple, and safe treatment for mucous membrane hemangiomas of the lip in early infancy. PMID:19158525

  5. Resection of a laryngeal hemangioma in an adult using an ultrasonic scalpel: A case report

    PubMed Central

    WANG, XURUI; ZHAO, XIAODONG; ZHU, WEI

    2015-01-01

    Adult laryngeal hemangioma is an extremely rare and slowly progressing vascular tumor. The present study describes the first reported case of a male with a large laryngeal hemangioma that was treated by ultrasonic scalpel. A 61-year-old male presented to our hospital with a recurrent pharyngeal foreign body sensation, without hoarseness, hemoptysis, expectoration or dyspnea. A blue-black mass was detected in the right pyriform sinus, with a morular surface and a wide pedicle positioned lateral to the right arytenoid cartilage and aryepiglottic fold under electronic laryngoscopy. Following tracheotomy under local anesthesia, right superior laryngeal artery ligation and laryngeal hemangioma resection via a lateral neck hypopharyngeal approach were performed under general anesthesia using an ultrasonic scalpel. Pathological examination verified that the tumor was a cavernous hemangioma. On day 11, subsequent to post-operative anti-inflammatory and symptomatic treatment, electronic laryngoscopy showed that the arytenoid mucosal edema had decreased and that the movement of the arytenoid was good. There was no recurrence of hemangioma during a 2-year follow-up period. Therefore, it is recommended that complete surgical resection using an ultrasonic scalpel should be considered for similar cases involving large laryngeal hemangiomas. PMID:26137093

  6. What is changing in indications and treatment of hepatic hemangiomas. A review.

    PubMed

    Toro, Adriana; Mahfouz, Ahmed-Emad; Ardiri, Annalisa; Malaguarnera, Michele; Malaguarnera, Giulia; Loria, Francesco; Bertino, Gaetano; Di Carlo, Isidoro

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic cavernous hemangioma accounts for 73% of all benign liver tumors with a frequency of 0.4-7.3% at autopsy and is the second most common tumor seen in the liver after metastases. Patients affected by hemangioma usually have their tumor diagnosed by ultrasound abdominal examination for a not well defined pain, but pain persist after treatment of the hemangioma. The causes of pain can be various gastrointestinal pathologies including cholelithiasis and peptic ulcer disease.The malignant trasformation is practically inexistent. Different imaging modalities are used to diagnosis liver hemangioma including ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and less frequently scintigraphy, positronemission tomography combined with CT (PET/CT) and angiography. Imaging-guided biopsy of hemangioma is usually not resorted to except in extremely atypical cases. The right indications for surgery remain rupture, intratumoral bleeding, Kasabach-Merritt syndrome and organ or vessels compression (gastric outlet obstruction, Budd-Chiari syndrome, etc.) represents the valid indication for surgery and at the same time they are all complications of the tumor itself. The size of the tumor do not represent a valid indication for treatment. Liver hemangiomas, when indication exist, have to be treated firstly by surgery (hepatic resection or enucleation, open, laproscopic or robotic), but in the recent years other therapies like liver transplantation, radiofrequency ablation, radiotherapy, trans-arterial embolization, and chemotherapy have been applied. PMID:24927603

  7. The natural history of an umbilical cord hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Smulian, John C; Sarno, Albert P; Rochon, Meredith L; Loven, Victoria A

    2016-09-01

    Umbilical cord hemangiomas are rare, and the natural history is poorly understood. We present a case where the clinical course was complicated by distal umbilical cord edema, episodes of proximal obstruction of umbilical artery blood flow, transient fetal pleural and pericardial effusions, and position-dependent abnormal fetal heart rate monitoring with periods of sustained fetal tachycardia. Delivery was performed for fetal growth restriction with abnormal fetal surveillance. This case highlights possible mechanisms for fetal decompensation as well as the importance of a multifaceted approach to the management of an umbilical cord mass using multiple tools for fetal assessment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 44:455-458, 2016. PMID:26899634

  8. Transcervical excision of intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    CHENG, YU-TING; LAI, CHIEN-CHUNG

    2016-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangiomas (IMHs) of the masseter muscle are extremely rare in the head and neck region and, thus, are often misdiagnosed as parotid tumors prior to surgery. Excisional resection remains the standard treatment for IMH. Since these tumors are located on the proximal side of the facial nerve, it is important to preserve the facial nerve during surgery. This study reports the case of a 57-year-old male who presented with a progressive tender swelling on the right side of the face, which had been present for >6 months. Computed tomography of the neck revealed a heterogeneous highly-vascularized mass located in the superficial layer of the masseter muscle. The patient subsequently underwent surgical resection via a collar incision, and pathological examination revealed a cavernous IMH. During the one-year follow-up period, the patient exhibited a good prognosis, and one-year magnetic resonance imaging revealed no local recurrence. PMID:26998058

  9. Complications of systemic corticosteroid therapy for problematic hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Boon, L M; MacDonald, D M; Mulliken, J B

    1999-11-01

    Systemic corticosteroid therapy has been used to treat hemangiomas for 30 years; yet, there are no studies of possible complications. We reviewed the database of the Vascular Anomalies Center at the Boston Children's Hospital and gathered information on short- and long-term side effects in children who were given systemic corticosteroids for problematic hemangiomas. In addition, a questionnaire regarding early and late consequences was sent to the families of children who were treated with corticosteroids from 1983 to 1997. Of 300 patients with hemangiomas, 80 children were identified as having received a full course of systemic corticosteroids for problematic tumors. Complete data were collected on 62 of these children. The response rate to the questionnaire was 78 percent (n = 62 of 80). The initial dose of corticosteroid varied from 2 to 3 mg/kg/ day. Duration of therapy ranged from 2 to 21 months (mean, 7.9 months; median, 6.5 months). The follow-up interval from the cessation of therapy ranged from 6 months to 15 years (mean, 4 years; median, 3 years). Short-term complications included cushingoid facies (n = 44; 71 percent), personality changes (n = 18; 29 percent), gastric irritation (n = 13; 21 percent), fungal (oral or perineal) infection (n = 4; 6 percent), and diminished gain of height (n = 22; 35 percent) and weight (n = 26; 42 percent). A total of 91 percent of children who had diminished gain of height (n = 20) returned to their pretreatment growth curve for height by 24 months of age. One child, who was treated at another institution with a dose of 20 mg/kg/day for 6.5 months that was slowly tapered over 18 months, was petite 6 years after ending therapy. Another child treated with an initial dose of 2 mg/kg/day for 5 months was smaller than predicted at the age of 6 years, but she was born prematurely and was on ventilatory support for respiratory distress. Three children treated with the standard dose and duration were at a low percentile for weight

  10. Ultrasonography guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatic cavernous hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Yan; Zhou, Li-Yan; Dong, Man-Ku; Wang, Ping; Ji, Min; Li, Xiao-Ou; Chen, Chang-Wei; Liu, Zi-Pei; Xu, Yong-Jie; Zhang, Hong-Wen

    2003-01-01

    AIM: Hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver and its management is still controversial. Recent success in situ radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignancies has led us to consider using this technique in patients with HCH. This study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and complications of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) under ultrasonography guidance in patients with HCH. METHODS: Twelve patients (four men and eight women, age ranged 33-56 years, mean age was 41.7 years) with 15 hepatic cavernous hemangiomas (2.5 cm to 9.5 cm) were treated using the RF-2000 generator and 10-needle LeVeen electrode percutaneously guided by B-ultrasound. Lesions larger than 3 cm were treated by multiple overlapping ablations that encompass the entire lesion as well as a rim of normal liver tissue (approximately 0.5 cm). RESULTS: All the patients who received PRFA therapy had no severe pain, bleeding or bile leakage during and after the procedures. Nine to 34 months’ follow-up (mean, 21 months) by ultrasound and/or spiral CT scan demonstrated that the ablated lesions in this group were shrunk remarkably, and the shrunken range was 38%-79% (mean, 67% per 21 months). The contrast enhancement was disappeared within the tumor or at its periphery in all cases on spiral CT scans obtained 3 to 6 months after treatment. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that PRFA therapy is a mini-invasive, simple, safe, and effective method for the treatment of selected patients with HCH. PMID:12970923

  11. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography for Focal Hepatic Tumors: Usefulness for Differentiating Hemangiomas from Malignant Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji Eun; Bae, Kyung Soo; Han, Joon Koo; Choi, Byung Ihn

    2013-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate whether acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography with ARFI quantification and ARFI 2-dimensional (2D) imaging is useful for differentiating hepatic hemangiomas from malignant hepatic tumors. Materials and Methods One-hundred-and-one tumors in 74 patients were included in this study: 28 hemangiomas, 26 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), three cholangiocarcinomas (CCCs), 20 colon cancer metastases and 24 other metastases. B-mode ultrasound, ARFI 2D imaging, and ARFI quantification were performed in all tumors. Shear wave velocities (SWVs) of the tumors and the adjacent liver and their SWV differences were compared among the tumor groups. The ARFI 2D images were compared with B-mode images regarding the stiffness, conspicuity and size of the tumors. Results The mean SWV of the hemangiomas was significantly lower than the malignant hepatic tumor groups: hemangiomas, 1.80 ± 0.57 m/sec; HCCs, 2.66 ± 0.94 m/sec; CCCs, 3.27 ± 0.64 m/sec; colon cancer metastases, 3.70 ± 0.61 m/sec; and other metastases, 2.82 ± 0.96 m/sec (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of SWV for differentiating hemangiomas from malignant tumors was 0.86, with a sensitivity of 96.4% and a specificity of 65.8% at a cut-off value of 2.73 m/sec (p < 0.05). In the ARFI 2D images, the malignant tumors except HCCs were stiffer and more conspicuous as compared with the hemangiomas (p < 0.05). Conclusion ARFI elastography with ARFI quantification and ARFI 2D imaging may be useful for differentiating hepatic hemangiomas from malignant hepatic tumors. PMID:24043967

  12. Anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney: a case report of a rare subtype of hemangioma mimicking angiosarcoma and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Ming; Li, Changshui; Zheng, Jiangjiang; Sun, Ke

    2013-01-01

    Anastomosing hemangioma is a recently described, unusual variant of capillary hemangioma which seems to be unique for the genitourinary system, with a particular proclivity for the kidney. Histologically, it is characterized by a unique sinusoidal architecture reminiscent of splenic parenchyma that can lead to concern for angiosarcoma. We herein report a further case of anastomosing hemangioma originating in the right kidney of a 48-year-old Chinese man. The patient had a past medical history significant for hepatocellular carcinoma; this tumor was incidentally identified as an asymptomatic right renal mass during the periodical surveillance of the hepatic cancer. The resected tumor measured 2.5cm in maximum diameter and microscopically demonstrated an overall lobulated growth pattern with alternating cellular areas composed of anastomosing sinusoidal capillary-sized vessels lined by hobnail endothelial cells, and edematous, hyaline paucicellular areas. Cytologically the tumor cells were generally bland and exhibited positivity for CD31, CD34 immunohistochemically. The patient had been in a good status without evidence of tumor recurrence 12 months after the surgery. This rare variant renal hemangioma is in need of more recognition and should not be over-diagnosed as a malignance, particularly angiosarcoma. PMID:23573324

  13. Soft tissue hemangioma with osseous extension: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Daoud, Alexander; Olivieri, Brandon; Feinberg, Daniel; Betancourt, Michel; Bockelman, Brian

    2015-04-01

    Soft tissue hemangiomas are commonly encountered lesions, accounting for 7-10 % of all benign soft tissue masses (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010). While the literature describes the great majority of hemangiomas as asymptomatic and discovered only as incidental findings, they do have the potential to induce reactive changes in neighboring structures (Pastushyn et al. Surg Neurol 50(6):535-47, 1998). When these variants occur in close proximity to bone, they may elicit a number of well-documented reactive changes in osseous tissue (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010; DeFilippo et al. Skelet Radiol 25(2):174-7, 1996; Ly et al. AJR Am J Roentgenol 180(6):1695-700, 2003; Sung et al. Skelet Radiol 27(4):205-10, 1998). However, instances of direct extension into bone by soft tissue hemangiomas--that is, infiltration of the mass's vascular components into nearby osseous tissue--are currently undocumented in the literature. In these cases, imaging plays an important role in differentiating hemangiomas from malignant lesions (Mitsionis et al. J Foot Ankle Surg 16(2):27-9, 2010; Sung et al. Skelet Radiol 27(4):205-10, 1998; Pourbagher, Br J Radiol 84(1008):1100-8, 2011). In this article, we present such a case that involved the sacral spine. Imaging revealed a soft tissue mass with direct extension of vascular components into osseous tissue of the adjacent sacral vertebrae. Biopsy and subsequent histopathologic examination led to definitive diagnosis of soft tissue hemangioma. While MRI is widely regarded as the gold standard imaging modality for evaluating hemangiomas, in this report we describe how CT can aid in narrowing the differential diagnosis when one encounters a vascular lesion with adjacent osseous changes. Furthermore, we review the literature as it pertains to the imaging of soft tissue hemangiomas that occur in proximity to osseous tissue, as well as correlate this case to current theories on the pathogenesis of hemangiomas

  14. Somatic Activating Mutations in GNAQ and GNA11 Are Associated with Congenital Hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Ayturk, Ugur M; Couto, Javier A; Hann, Steven; Mulliken, John B; Williams, Kaitlin L; Huang, August Yue; Fishman, Steven J; Boyd, Theonia K; Kozakewich, Harry P W; Bischoff, Joyce; Greene, Arin K; Warman, Matthew L

    2016-04-01

    Congenital hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor that forms in utero. Postnatally, the tumor either involutes quickly (i.e., rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma [RICH]) or partially regresses and stabilizes (i.e., non-involuting congenital hemangioma [NICH]). We hypothesized that congenital hemangiomas arise due to somatic mutation and performed massively parallel mRNA sequencing on affected tissue from eight participants. We identified mutually exclusive, mosaic missense mutations that alter glutamine at amino acid 209 (Glu209) in GNAQ or GNA11 in all tested samples, at variant allele frequencies (VAF) ranging from 3% to 33%. We verified the presence of the mutations in genomic DNA using a combination of molecular inversion probe sequencing (MIP-seq) and digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). The Glu209 GNAQ and GNA11 missense variants we identified are common in uveal melanoma and have been shown to constitutively activate MAPK and/or YAP signaling. When we screened additional archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) congenital cutaneous and hepatic hemangiomas, 4/8 had GNAQ or GNA11 Glu209 variants. The same GNAQ or GNA11 mutation is found in both NICH and RICH, so other factors must account for these tumors' different postnatal behaviors. PMID:27058448

  15. Laser therapy and sclerotherapy in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial hemangioma and vascular malformations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crişan, Bogdan; BǎciuÅ£, Mihaela; BǎciuÅ£, Grigore; Crişan, Liana; Bran, Simion; Rotar, Horatiu; Moldovan, Iuliu; Vǎcǎraş, Sergiu; Mitre, Ileana; Barbur, Ioan; Magdaş, Andreea; Dinu, Cristian

    2016-03-01

    Hemangioma and vascular malformations in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery is a pathology more often found in recent years in patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the laser photocoagulation performed with a diode laser (Ga-Al-As) 980 nm wavelength in the treatment of vascular lesions which are located on the oral and maxillofacial areas, using color Doppler ultrasonography for evaluation of the results. We also made a comparison between laser therapy and sclerotherapy in order to establish treatment protocols and recommendations associated with this pathology. We conducted a controlled study on a group of 92 patients (38 male and 54 female patients, with an average age of 36 years) having low flow hemangioma and vascular malformations. Patients in this trial received one of the methods of treatment for vascular lesions such as hemangioma and vascular malformations: laser therapy or sclerotherapy. After laser therapy we have achieved a reduction in size of hemangioma and vascular malformations treated with such a procedure, and the aesthetic results were favorable. No reperfusion or recanalization of laser treated vascular lesions was observed after an average follow-up of 6 to 12 months. In case of sclerotherapy a reduction in the size of vascular lesions was also obtained. The 980 nm diode laser has been proved to be an effective tool in the treatment of hemangioma and vascular malformations in oral and maxillofacial area. Laser therapy in the treatment of vascular lesions was more effective than the sclerotherapy procedure.

  16. Assessment of soft tissue hemangiomas in children utilizing Tc-99m labelled red blood cells

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.H.

    1984-01-01

    Hemangiomas may present in infancy as soft tissue masses. Occasionally these lesions may be extensive or may not be clinically recognized as a hemangioma, often causing concern for the presence of a malignant lesion. In later childhood these lesions, which may be occult, may cause overgrowth of an extremity. Evaluation of soft tissue masses suspected of being a hemangioma utilizing Technetium 99m labelled red blood cells has been very valuable. This method allows a dynamic evaluation of first pass blood flow. Subsequent static scintiphotos allow an assessment of the lesion itself. These scintiphotos may be obtained sequentially to evaluate therapy. Twenty patients were evaluated by this method ranging in age from two months to eleven years. There were 13 females and seven males. Lesions evaluated by this method include six hemangiomas of the head and neck: parotic region (2), facial (3), and tongue (1). Extremity lesions were evaluated in six children including both upper extremity (1) and lower extremity (5). Torso lesions evaluated include chest wall (2), abdominal wall (2), and one hemangioma of the gut. This procedure is quickly performed on an outpatient basis, has high anatomic resolution, provides and assessment of these lesions in a manner not available by any other imaging procedure and usually requires no sedation. The radiation exposure for this procedure is low (approximately, a 400mR total body dose) and has been well tolerated by both patients and their parents. Scintigraphic evaluation should be the first diagnostic method utilized in the evaluation of these lesions.

  17. Juxtaphyseal Intraosseous Hemangioma of Proximal Femur causing Coxa vara and Coxa breva deformity in a growing child

    PubMed Central

    Song, Hae Ryong; Shyam, Ashok K.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Bony hemangiomas are rare lesions in growing skeleton. Affection of the epiphyseal plate by a bony hemangioma leading to growth retardation is rare. Case report: We report the radiological picture of a juxtaphyseal osseous hemangioma affecting the capital femoral physis leading to coxa vara and coxa breva deformity. This hemangioma is also a rarity as it has both intracortical and intra medullary components. A diagnostic and therapeutic CT guided core needle biopsy/decompression was performed to confirm the histopathological diagnosis and to decompress the lesion. Patient was treated conservatively with shoe raise and regular checkups and at two year follow-up there were no interval changes noted on the radiographs with patient completely asymptomatic. Conclusion: Juxtaphyseal hemangiomas may be amenable to needle decompression, however longer follow will be required to assess the further response.

  18. Submucosal Hemangioma of the Trachea in an Infant: Diagnosis and Follow-Up with 3D-CT/Bronchoscopy

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jungwha; Im, Soo Ah; Kim, Jee Young

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Infantile hemangiomas of the airway are diagnosed at bronchoscopy as part of the investigation of stridor or other respiratory symptoms. Here, we present three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT)/bronchoscopy findings of submucosal subglottic hemangioma missed at bronchoscopy. Case Presentation: We report on the clinical usefulness of 3D-CT/bronchoscopy as the primary diagnostic tool and follow-up method in the evaluation of suspected airway infantile hemangiomas, especially when the hemangioma is the submucosal type. Conclusions: 3D-CT/bronchoscopy will reduce the need for invasive laryngoscopic studies and help to diagnose submucosal hemangiomas undetected on laryngoscope. Additionally, 3D-CT/bronchoscopy will help evaluating the extent of the lesion, degree of airway narrowing, and treatment response. PMID:26848371

  19. Dural-based infantile hemangioma of the posterior fossa: Case report

    PubMed Central

    Shakir, Hakeem J.; McBride, Paul; Reynolds, Renée M.

    2016-01-01

    Background: The authors present the unique case of a dural-based, infantile hemangioma located in the posterior fossa of a 15-day-old infant. Case Description: The patient presented with hydrocephalus. The lesion was identified by magnetic resonance imaging and was subsequently resected. Diagnosis of the lesion was confirmed with immunohistochemistry staining. The patient's hospital course was complicated by transverse sinus thrombosis and a cerebrospinal fluid leak that were treated with anticoagulation therapy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, respectively. Conclusion: Although hemangiomas are benign entities, our patient's lesion was in the posterior fossa causing compression and hydrocephalus that necessitated resection. We encourage others to consider the possibility of hemangioma in the differential diagnosis of dural-based posterior fossa lesions in infants. PMID:27213106

  20. Ovarian Hemangioma: a Rare Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Ziari, Katayoun; Alizadeh, Kamyab

    2016-01-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are benign and rare tumors of female genital tract with less than 60 reported cases in the literature. A 38- yr- old woman was admitted to Be'sat Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2012, due to severe abdominal pain. Ultrasound evaluation revealed a 6 cm left ovarian cystic mass and serum tumor markers were normal. Then, left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed for the patient. Microscopic examination revealed a follicular cyst and an incidental cavernous hemangioma consisting thin-walled vascular channels filled with blood that lined with flatten endothelial cells. In IHC staining strong immunoreactivity for CD31 and CD34 were seen, finally, the diagnosis of primary ovarian hemangioma, cavernous-type was made. The clinicopathologic presentation of this unusual benign tumor is discussed. PMID:26870145

  1. Ovarian Hemangioma: a Rare Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Ziari, Katayoun; Alizadeh, Kamyab

    2016-01-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are benign and rare tumors of female genital tract with less than 60 reported cases in the literature. A 38- yr- old woman was admitted to Be’sat Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2012, due to severe abdominal pain. Ultrasound evaluation revealed a 6 cm left ovarian cystic mass and serum tumor markers were normal. Then, left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed for the patient. Microscopic examination revealed a follicular cyst and an incidental cavernous hemangioma consisting thin-walled vascular channels filled with blood that lined with flatten endothelial cells. In IHC staining strong immunoreactivity for CD31 and CD34 were seen, finally, the diagnosis of primary ovarian hemangioma, cavernous-type was made. The clinicopathologic presentation of this unusual benign tumor is discussed. PMID:26870145

  2. Ovarian hemangioma with elevated CA125 and ascites mimicking ovarian cancer.

    PubMed

    Erdemoglu, E; Kamaci, M; Ozen, S; Sahin, H G; Kolusari, A

    2006-01-01

    We report a case of a very rare tumor of the ovary with an unusual presentation; an ovarian hemangioma with massive ascites and elevated CA125. A 57-year-old woman presenting with elevated CA125, massive ascites and a left solid adnexal mass of 60 x 47 mm, with calcification and increased blood flow at Doppler examination, was submitted to laparotomy. Frozen section was inconclusive and a staging procedure which complicated the patient was performed. Pathologic examination revealed cavernous hemangioma which is an extremely rare tumor of the ovary. Although it is very unusual, an ovarian hemangioma may present with ascites and elevated CA125 and the differential diagnosis from ovarian cancer should be considered. PMID:16620071

  3. Cavernous hemangioma of adult pancreas: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Mondal, Utpal; Henkes, Nichole; Henkes, David; Rosenkranz, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Pancreatic hemangioma is a rare type of benign vascular tumor. Low clinical suspicion and inability of current cross sectional imaging techniques to differentiate it from other pancreatic lesions, contribute to the difficulty in making the correct diagnosis. Without a definitive diagnosis, and due to concern for malignancy, in many instances, surgery is performed. We report a case of pancreas cavernous hemangioma in an 18-year-old female. The patient presented with three-month history of epigastric pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal. Abdominal Computed Tomography scan revealed a 5 cm × 6 cm complex non-enhancing cystic mass in the head of pancreas. Magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS guided fine needle aspiration cytology were non-diagnostic. Because of uncontrolled symptoms, the patient underwent surgical resection. Histopathology and Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of pancreas. PMID:26361427

  4. Noncomplicated Excision of a Mobile Pedunculated Septal Hemangioma of the Left Ventricle

    PubMed Central

    Mazen, Mahmoud; Abdelgawad, Ahmed; El-Shemy, Ahmed; Ramadan, Mona; Al-Batrek, Hani; Mahdi, Ousama; Ramadan, Mahmoud M.

    2016-01-01

    Patient: Female, 27 Final Diagnosis: LV hemangioma Symptoms: Palpitation • dyspnea • fatigue Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Posterior atriotomy Specialty: Cardiology Objective: Rare disease Background: Cardiac tumors are quite rare, and differential diagnosis of them is challenging. Case Report: A young lady with a history of palpitations, dyspnea, and fatigue was proven by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to have a mobile left ventricular mass with rounded contour attached to the mid-part of the interventricular septum. The mass was approached via a posterior inter-atrial approach to avoid left ventriculotomy and provide adequate exposure to completely excise the tumor and control its pedicle with minimal cardiac trauma. Histological examination of the mass was diagnostic of capillary and sinusoidal hemangioma. Conclusions: Complete excision of cardiac hemangioma is recommended once it is diagnosed, for histopathologic diagnosis and because of the possibility of serious complications. PMID:27384944

  5. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney in the patients with synchronous renal hemangioma and nephrogenic hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Memmedoğlu, Akif; Musayev, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    Most renal neoplasms in adults are epithelial in origin and mesenchymal tumors are rarely encountered. Vascular tumors and tumor-like lesions account for a very small subset. Hemangioma of the kidney is a rarely seen benign vascular neoplasm that probably arises from angioblastic cells. Its general sign is macroscopic hematuria with or without pain. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult or impossible. Previously, spontaneous rupture of the kidney caused by renal hemangioma was not reported in the English literature. In this study, two cases with a history of nephrogenic hypertension who presented with spontaneous renal rupture are presented. There wasn’t any trauma history in the background of our patients. A long-standing nephrogenic hypertension was present in both patients. Patients underwent radical nephrectomy due to rupture of the renal tumor. In histopathological examination, capillary hemangioma was detected in the renal medulla in both cases. Patients didn’t need antihypertensive therapy during the postoperative period. PMID:26623154

  6. Central cavernous hemangioma of mandible: Case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Dhiman, Neeraj Kumar; Jaiswara, Chandresh; Kumar, Naresh; Patne, Shashikant C. U.; Pandey, Arun; Verma, Vishal

    2015-01-01

    Intraosseous hemangiomas are one of the rarest lesion of jaw bones (0.5–1%) occurring most commonly in vertebral column, skull bone, and rarely in mandible. Mainly occurs in the second decade of life with female: male predilection (2:1). Origin of hemangiomas is still debatable. World Health Organization considers it as a true benign neoplasm of vascular origin, and many authors believe it to be a hamartoma. It is very difficult to diagnose due to variable clinical and radiological features. A biopsy is not done on a routine basis due to a higher risk of hemorrhage. Management is very difficult because of massive vascular network in that region. Here, we are presenting a case report of a 14-year-old boy with intraosseous hemangioma of right body of mandible, which was treated with en bloc surgical resection of mandible and followed by reconstruction. PMID:27390499

  7. Rare case of intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma in a three-year-old boy: a diagnostic dilemma.

    PubMed

    Demir, Zühtü; Oktem, Fatih; Celebioğlu, Selim

    2004-06-01

    Intramuscular hemangiomas are rare, benign tumors of vascular origin. The masseter is the muscle most commonly involved in the head and neck region. Because of their infrequency, deep location, and unfamiliar presentation, these lesions are seldom correctly diagnosed clinically. This case report presents a severe facial asymmetry caused by a left intramasseteric cavernous hemangioma in a 3-year-old boy. We were unaware of the exact nature of the tumor until intraoperative examination. The routine investigations performed before operation failed to establish a diagnosis. Surgical excision was performed, and 1 year after the operation we observed that the patient's facial asymmetry had been corrected. In this article, we review the literature on intramasseteric hemangioma, discuss the clinical and radiologic diagnostic methods, and review the treatment methods. PMID:15224828

  8. Intracranial extra-axial hemangioma in a newborn: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Dalsin, Marcos; Silva, Rafael Sodré; Galdino Chaves, Jennyfer Paula; Oliveira, Francine Hehn; Martins Antunes, Ápio Cláudio; Vedolin, Leonardo Modesti

    2016-01-01

    Background: Congenital hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors, and the intracranial counterpart was described in very few cases. Case Description: A newborn presented with an intracranial tumor associated with an arachnoid cyst, diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound at 37 weeks of gestation. Surgery was indicated due to increased head circumference and bulging fontanelle, and a complete resection of an extra-axial red–brown tumor was performed at the 3rd week of life. Microscopy revealed a hemangioma. Conclusion: Hemangioma is a rare differential diagnosis that must be considered in extra-axial intracranial tumors affecting infants and neonates. The radiological features are not helpful in differentiating from other tumors, and surgery is indicated when the diagnosis is uncertain or whenever there are signs of increased intracranial pressure. PMID:27274403

  9. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of primary adrenal hemangioma in a dog.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hee-Chun; Jung, Dong-In; Moon, Jong-Hyun; Kim, Na-Hyun; Lee, Jae-Hoon

    2013-10-01

    An 8-year-old 7.9 kg castrated male Shih-tzu dog was presented to surgery with polyuria-polydipsia, intermittent abdominal pain and dermatological problems. The unilateral enlargement of the right adrenal gland was observed through ultrasound examination and based on this examination a hyperadrenocorticism was suspected. Upon physical examination, regional erythema was observed in the skin. An abdominal CT scan showed a well-defined retroperitoneal mass. Adrenalectomy via a midline abdominal approach was performed as well as optional treatments upon the approval of the owners. The histopathological diagnosis was that of an adrenal hemangioma without evidence of malignancy. Adrenal hemangioma was incidentally found in this dog during histological examination and this finding was an extremely rare case of the primary hemangioma in the adrenal gland. PMID:23706763

  10. Excellent response of infantile orofacio-orbital hemangioma to propranolol-pictorial depiction and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Gondi, Jonathan Theodore; Gazula, Suhasini; Rajasekhar, A.; Usharani, G.

    2016-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are common, benign vascular tumors of infancy, with more than half affecting the head and neck region. IHs involving the lips and oral cavity can often present to the oral surgeon and the pedodontist. Till date, several doubts exist among clinicians regarding the use of propranolol to treat infantile hemangiomas in neonates and small infants, appropriate dose, treatment duration, side effects, response, and long-term follow-up. We present a 2-month-old male infant with extensive hemangioma involving the face, orbit, buccal mucosa and palate with feeding difficulties, and risk of life-threatening complications such as airway compromise, aspiration, and visual loss which showed excellent response with high-dose propranolol and had no side effects. We also reviewed literature for the mechanism of action of propranolol and possible minor and serious side effects. PMID:27307684

  11. Computed Tomography-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation Following Transcatheter Arterial Embolization in Treatment of Large Hepatic Hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    Ji, Jiansong; Gao, Jun; Zhao, Lizhen; Tu, Jianfei; Song, Jingjing; Sun, Wenbing

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) to treat large (≥10 cm) hepatic hemangiomas. We retrospectively reviewed our sequential experience with 15 large hepatic hemangiomas in 15 patients. The mean diameter of the 15 hemangiomas was 13.0 ± 2.2 cm (10.0–16.0 cm). RF ablation combined with TAE treatment was performed successfully in all patients. The mean diameter of the hemangiomas decreased from 13.0 ± 2.2 to 7.1 ± 2.0 cm (P < 0.001) after TAE treatment. Out of 15 hepatic hemangiomas, 14 (93.3%) showed no enhancement on CT or MRI indicating complete ablation after RF treatment. The mean diameter of the ablation zone decreased to 6.1 ± 2.0 cm 1 month after ablation and further decreased to 4.9 ± 1.6 cm 6 months after ablation. There were 6 complications related to the ablation in 4 patients. According to the Dindo–Clavien classification, all the complications were minor (Grade I). RF ablation combined with TAE is a safe and effective treatment for large hepatic hemangiomas. TAE can improve the disruption of lesion blood supply and reduce lesion size to facilitate subsequent RF ablation and reduce the risk of ablation-related complications. PMID:27082617

  12. Bilateral ovarian hemangiomas associated with diffuse hemangioendotheliomatosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Miyauchi, J; Mukai, M; Yamazaki, K; Kiso, I; Higashi, S; Hori, S

    1987-08-01

    A patient who had disseminated vascular tumors involving the bilateral ovaries, bilateral lungs and pleura, pericardium, and mediastinum is reported. The tumors were histologically of the capillary, and partly the cavernous, type of hemangioma. However, endothelial cell growth was prominent in some areas, especially in the lung, and the histology of the lung tumor resembled epithelioid hemangioendothelioma or intravascular bronchiolo-alveolar tumor (IVBAT). In the endocardium of the right atrium, an endothelial tumorous projection was observed, and there were tiny foci of tumor cell nests in the abdominal venous wall. Small lymphangiomas were also found in the subcapsular region of the spleen. These findings suggest that there had been an abnormal proliferation of systemic endothelial cells and that tumors of endothelial cell origin with diverse histological patterns developed with this condition as a background. The autopsy finding of fibrin thrombi in multiple organs as well as laboratory data including thrombocytopenia suggest that this case belongs to the "Kasabach-Merritt syndrome." PMID:3673576

  13. Breast cancer after radiotherapy for skin hemangioma in infancy

    SciTech Connect

    Lundell, M.; Mattsson, A.; Hakulinen, T.; Holm, L.E.

    1996-02-01

    Between 1920 and 1959, 9675 women were irradiated in infancy for skin hemangioma at Radiumhemmet, Stockholm. They were exposed to low to moderate doses of ionizing radiation. The mean age at first exposure was 6 months and the mean absorbed dose to the breast anlage was 0.39 Gy (range < 0.01-35.8 Gy). The breast cancer incidence was analyzed by record linkage with the Swedish Cancer Register for the period 1958-1986. Seventy-five breast cancers were found after a mean absorbed dose of 1.5 Gy in the breasts with cancer. The analyses showed a significant dose-response relationship with a linear model estimate for the excess relative risk (ERR) of 0.38 at 1 Gy (95% CI 0.09-0.85). This relationship was not modified significantly by age at exposure or by dose to the ovaries. The ERR increased significantly with time after exposure and for > 50 years after exposure the ERR at 1 Gy was 2.25 (95% CI 0.59-5.62). The fitted excess absolute risk (EAR) was 22.9 per 10{sup 4} breast-year gray. The breast absorbed dose and time after exposure were important risk determinants for breast cancer excess risk. Forty to 50 years of follow-up was necessary for the excess risk to be expressed. The study confirms previous findings that the breast anlage of female infants is sensitive to ionizing radiation. 17 refs., 6 figs.

  14. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for the treatment of cavernous sinus hemangiomas

    PubMed Central

    XU, QINGSHENG; SHEN, JIAN; FENG, YIPING; ZHAN, RENYA

    2016-01-01

    The present retrospective study aimed to analyze the outcome of patients with cavernous sinus hemangioma (CSH) treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKS). Between August 2011 and April 2014, 7 patients with CSHs underwent GKS. GKS was performed as the sole treatment option in 5 patients, whilst partial resection had been performed previously in 1 patient and biopsy had been performed in 1 patient. The mean volume of the tumors at the time of GKS was 12.5±10.2 cm3 (range, 5.3–33.2 cm3), and the median prescription of peripheral dose was 14.0 Gy (range, 10.0–15.0 Gy). The mean follow-up period was 20 months (range, 6–40 months). At the last follow-up, the lesion volume had decreased in all patients, and all cranial neuropathies observed prior to GKS had improved. There were no radiation-induced neuropathies or complications during the follow-up period. GKS appears to be an effective and safe treatment modality for the management of CSHs. PMID:26893777

  15. Cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of infantile hemangioma.

    PubMed

    Fernandez-Pineda, Israel; Williams, Regan; Ortega-Laureano, Lucia; Jones, Ryan

    2016-01-26

    Since the introduction of propranolol in the treatment of complicated infantile hemangiomas (IH) in 2008, other different beta-blockers, including timolol, acetabutolol, nadolol and atenolol, have been successfully used for the same purpose. Various hypotheses including vasoconstriction, inhibition of angiogenesis and the induction of apoptosis in proliferating endothelial cells have been advanced as the potential beta-blocker-induced effect on the accelerated IH involution, although the exact mechanism of action of beta-blockers remains unknown. This has generated an extraordinary interest in IH research and has led to the discovery of the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the biology of IH, providing a plausible explanation for the beta-blocker induced effect on IH involution and the development of new potential indications for RAS drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers in the treatment of IH. This review is focused on the current use of cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of IH. PMID:26839658

  16. Synchronous Hepatoblastoma, Neuroblastoma, and Cutaneous Capillary Hemangiomas: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Ozawa, Michael G; Cooney, Tabitha; Rangaswami, Arun; Hazard, Florette K

    2016-01-01

    Multiple synchronous tumors presenting in infancy raise concern for inherited or sporadic cancer predisposition syndromes, which include Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome. We report a case of a 7-month-old previously healthy male born following an in vitro fertilization-assisted twin pregnancy who presented with new-onset refractory shock, severe acidosis, and rapid decline over several hours. An autopsy revealed a ruptured liver involved by hepatoblastoma, an adrenal gland involved by neuroblastoma, and multiple cutaneous capillary hemangiomas. Standard genetic testing demonstrated that both twins were Gaucher disease (GD) carriers without evidence of other known cancer predisposition syndromes. This report describes a unique association of multiple synchronous tumors, which underscores the utility and importance of the pediatric autopsy. Moreover, given that the reported child was a GD carrier, the possibility the tumors were the result of a GD-mediated cancer-associated phenotype or an unrecognized sporadic clinical syndrome remains an unanswered, but intriguing, question worthy of further investigation. PMID:26368548

  17. Application of Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Sagong, Min; Lee, Junyeop

    2009-01-01

    We report 3 cases of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma (CCH) effectively managed with intravitreal bevacizumab. One patient (case 1) who had recurrent CCH (1.6 mm in thickness) with prior laser photocoagulation was treated with intravitreal bevacizumab alone. Two patients (case 2 and 3) who had CCH (2.4 mm and 2.2 mm in thickness, respectively) with recent visual impairment were treated with bevacizumab followed by photodynamic therapy (PDT). Ophthalmic evaluations included visual acuity, ophthalmoscopic examination, fluorescein angiography, ultrasonography, and optical coherence tomography. Patients were followed up for 6-9 months. After therapy, all patients showed improved visual acuity due to complete resorption of subretinal fluid and macular edema. Ultrasonography demonstrated a reduction of the thickness of CCH in case 1 and complete regression of the lesions in case 2 and 3. No patient showed tumor recurrence. Intravitreal bevacizumab, alone or in combination therapy with PDT, may be a useful alternative for the treatment of symptomatic CCH with subretinal fluid. PMID:19568366

  18. Does hypoxia play a role in infantile hemangioma?

    PubMed

    de Jong, Sophie; Itinteang, Tinte; Withers, Aaron H J; Davis, Paul F; Tan, Swee T

    2016-05-01

    Infantile hemangioma (IH), the most common tumor of infancy, is characterized by rapid growth during infancy, followed by spontaneous involution over 5-10 years. Certain clinical observations have led to the suggestion that IH is triggered and maintained by hypoxia. We review the literature on the possible role of hypoxia in the etiology of IH, in particular, (1) the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and its downstream targets including GLUT-1 and VEGF; (2) the pathophysiological link between IH and retinopathy of prematurity; (3) hypoxic events in the early life including placental insufficiency, pre-eclampsia and low birthweight that have the potential to promote hypoxic stress; and (4) the evidence supporting the development of IH independent of HIF-1α. We also discuss these observations in the context of recent evidence of the crucial role of stem cells and the cytokines niche that governs their proliferation and inevitable differentiation, offering novel insights into the biology of IH. We propose that various triggers may simultaneously up-regulate HIF-1α, which is downstream of the renin-angiotensin system, specifically angiotensin II, which promotes production of HIF-1α. These developments shed light to the understanding of this enigmatic condition. PMID:26940670

  19. Huge Hemangioma in the Chest Mimicking a Breast Tumor: Report of a Case

    PubMed Central

    Ishibashi, Hiroyuki; Orimoto, Yuki; Sugimoto, Ikuo; Iwata, Hirohide; Yamada, Tetsuya; Hida, Noriyuki; Ohta, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    A 35 year-old man first noticed an elastic mass like breast tumor in his left chest 17 years ago. It enlarged to the size of a child’s head. Computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed mass in the left chest. Lumpectomy was performed. The mass was located under the thin major pectoralis muscle, covered with a white fibrous capsule. The specimen weighed 1360 g and measured 18 × 14 × 8 cm. Histological examination revealed a cavernous hemangioma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a chest hemangioma arising from connective tissue and located under the major pectoralis muscle. PMID:23555516

  20. Cavernous Hemangioma of the External Canal, Tympanic Membrane, and Middle Ear Cleft: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Odat, Haitham; Al-Qudah, Mohannad; Al-Qudah, Mohammad A

    2016-06-01

    Cavernous hemangioma involving the external canal, tympanic membrane, and middle ear cavity is extremely rare. We present a case of a 45-year-old woman who had progressive right sided decreased hearing, pulsatile tinnitus, and aural fullness of 7 months duration. Microscopic examination, imaging studies, surgical treatment, and histological evaluation are reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of cavernous hemangioma with simultaneous involvement of the external ear, tympanic membrane, middle ear, and attic reported in English literature. PMID:26304856

  1. The use of transarterial microembolization in the management of hemangiomas of the perioral region.

    PubMed

    Braun, I F; Levy, S; Hoffman, J C

    1985-04-01

    The management of oral and perioral hemangiomas depends on several clinical factors. Surgery of these benign lesions can at times be disfiguring, especially when the lips, muscles, or the maxilla and mandible are involved. In addition, by the very nature of these lesions, surgical treatment may be associated with excessive intra- and perioperative blood loss. A series of five patients who had hemangiomas in the perioral region and who were initially treated with transarterial microembolization, preoperatively in two cases and as the only treatment in three cases, is presented. The technique of microembolization is described and recommendations for its use are given. PMID:3856640

  2. A Hydrogel-Endothelial Cell implant Mimics Infantile Hemangioma: Modulation by Survivin and the Hippo pathway*

    PubMed Central

    Tsuneki, Masayuki; Hardee, Steven; Michaud, Michael; Morotti, Raffaella; Lavik, Erin; Madri, Joseph A.

    2015-01-01

    Microvascular endothelial cells cultured in three-dimensional hydrogel scaffolds form a network of microvessel structures when implanted subcutaneously in mice, inosculate with host vessels and over time remodel into large ectatic vascular structures resembling hemangiomas. When compared to infantile hemaniomas similarities were noted including a temporal progression from a morphological appearance of a proliferative phase to the appearance of an involuted phase mimicking the proliferative and involutional phases of infantile hemangioma. Consistent with the progression of a proliferative phase to an involuted phase, both the murine implants and human biopsy tissue exhibit reduced expression of Ajuba, YAP and Survivin labeling as they progressed over time. Significant numbers of CD45+, CD11b+, Mac3+ mononuclear cells were found at the 2 week time point in our implant model which correlated with the presence of CD45+, CD68+ mononuclear cells observed in biopsies of human proliferative phase hemangiomas. At the 4 week time point in our implant model only small numbers of CD45+ cells were detected, which again correlated with our findings of significantly diminished CD45+, CD68+ mononuclear cells in human involutional phase hemangiomas. The demonstration of mononuclear cell infiltration transiently in the proliferative phase of these lesions suggests that the vascular proliferation and/or regression may be driven in part by an immune response. Gross and microscopic morphological appearances of human proliferative and involutional hemangiomas and our implant model correlate well with each other as do the expression levels of Hippo pathway components (Ajuba and YAP) and Survivin and correlate with proliferation in these entities. Inhibitors of Survivin and Ajuba (which we have demonstrated to inhibit proliferation and increase apoptosis in murine hemangioma cell tissue culture) may have potential as other beneficial treatments for proliferating infantile hemangiomas

  3. Microscopic sclerosing hemangioma diagnosed by histopathological examination after lung cancer surgery.

    PubMed

    Goto, Taichiro; Maeshima, Arafumi; Kato, Ryoichi

    2011-01-01

    A 44-year-old woman underwent surgery for lung cancer. Although preoperative computed tomography did not reveal a tiny nodule, pathological examination of the background lung showed that type II pneumocyte-like tumor cells grew papillary in an area of approximately 2.3 × 1.2 mm. This lesion exhibited hemorrhage, hemosiderosis, calcification, and varying degrees of fibrosis, leading to the diagnosis of sclerosing hemangioma. This is the first reported case of microscopic sclerosing hemangioma undetectable by chest computed tomography. PMID:21881377

  4. A hemangioma on the floor of the mouth presenting as a ranula.

    PubMed

    Skoulakis, Charalampos E; Khaldi, Lubna; Serletis, Demetre; Semertzidis, Themistoklis

    2008-11-01

    A painless, bluish, submucosal swelling on one side of the floor of the mouth usually indicates the presence of a ranula. Rarely, such a swelling may be caused by an inflammatory disease process in a salivary gland, a neoplasm in the sublingual salivary gland, a lymphatic nodular swelling, or embryologic cysts. We report a patient with swelling in the floor of her mouth that was clinically diagnosed as a ranula. Suspicion arose during surgery that it was a vascular tumor and, on histologic testing, the swelling was confirmed to be a hemangioma. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of a hemangioma presenting as a ranula. PMID:19006063

  5. Appendiceal Hemangioma, Mimicking Acute Appendicitis in a 17-Year-Old Girl

    PubMed Central

    Geramizadeh, Bita; Niakan, Amin; Zolmadjdi, Nadjmeh; Marzban, Mahsa

    2016-01-01

    Epithelial tumors of appendix are not so common, and mesenchymal tumors of the appendix are even less common. Capillary hemangioma of the appendix is an extremely rare event and to the best of our knowledge only 4 cases have been reported in the English literature so far. In this case report we want to explain our experience with an extremely rare occurrence of capillary hemangioma of appendix in a 17-year-old girl presented with right lower quadrant pain that was operated with the clinical impression of acute appendicitis. The patient has been operated as a routine appendectomy with a completely uneventful postoperative period. PMID:27441077

  6. Appendiceal Hemangioma, Mimicking Acute Appendicitis in a 17-Year-Old Girl.

    PubMed

    Geramizadeh, Bita; Niakan, Amin; Zolmadjdi, Nadjmeh; Marzban, Mahsa

    2016-06-28

    Epithelial tumors of appendix are not so common, and mesenchymal tumors of the appendix are even less common. Capillary hemangioma of the appendix is an extremely rare event and to the best of our knowledge only 4 cases have been reported in the English literature so far. In this case report we want to explain our experience with an extremely rare occurrence of capillary hemangioma of appendix in a 17-year-old girl presented with right lower quadrant pain that was operated with the clinical impression of acute appendicitis. The patient has been operated as a routine appendectomy with a completely uneventful postoperative period. PMID:27441077

  7. Cavernous hemangioma with extensive sclerosis masquerading as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma — A pathologist's perspective

    PubMed Central

    Andeen, Nicole K.; Bhargava, Puneet; Park, James O.; Moshiri, Mariam; Westerhoff, Maria

    2015-01-01

    A patient presented with an acute episode of bright red blood in her stool. The incidental liver mass seen in segment 4 was suspected to represent a cholangiocarcinoma due to associated mild intrahepatic biliary ductal dilatation and suspicion for capsular retraction. Pathology confirmed that this lesion represented a sclerosing hemangioma. This case report corroborates prior observations that degenerative changes in hemangiomas—sclerosis, narrowing of vascular channels, thrombosis, infarct, hemorrhage—may produce atypical radiographic findings. Since these atypical radiographic features may suggest a primary or metastatic malignancy, the protean appearance of hemangiomas remains an important consideration in the evaluation of hepatic masses. PMID:27186246

  8. A case of metastatic malignancy masquerading as a hepatic hemangioma on labeled red blood cell scintigraphy.

    PubMed

    Farlow, D C; Little, J M; Gruenewald, S M; Antico, V F; O'Neill, P

    1993-07-01

    A 36-yr-old woman with a past history of gastric neuro-endocrine carcinoma (carcinoid tumor) underwent 99mTc-red blood cell (RBC) scintigraphy for evaluation of a 2-cm echogenic liver mass demonstrated on ultrasound. Scan findings were typical of a cavernous hemangioma. On follow-up, however, there was progressive lesion enlargement; histopathology of the resected mass revealed neuro-endocrine carcinoma. This case report, one of the few examples of a false-positive 99mTc-RBC scan, highlights the need for cautious evaluation of focal liver masses, even when there are typical scintigraphic features of cavernous hemangioma. PMID:8315498

  9. A mixed neoplasm of intraosseous hemangioma with an ameloblastoma: a case of collision tumor or a rare variant?

    PubMed Central

    Jois, Harshvardhan S.; Kumar K.P., Mohan; Kumar, Mandali Satish; Waghrey, Shefali

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the head and neck are considered to be benign tumors of infancy that are characterized by a rapid growth phase with endothelial cell proliferation, followed by gradual involution. Central hemangiomas are a rare occurrence and even rarer are the hybrid tumors of central hemangiomas with odontogenic tumors such as ameloblastomas. This paper reports a case of one such hybrid tumor in a middle aged adult clinical presenting as a mandibular swelling with indistinct mixed radiographic presentation and histopathologically comprising of intimately associated hemangiomatous vascular channels and typical ameloblastic areas. To the authors' knowledge this is the sixth case of such a hemangiomatous ameloblastoma which has been reported till date. PMID:24765404

  10. Infantile Perianal Pyramidal Protrusion with Coexisting Perineal and Perianal Hemangiomas: A Fortuitous Association or Incomplete PELVIS Syndrome?

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Shyam B; Wollina, Uwe

    2014-01-01

    Two cases of infantile perianal pyramidal protrusions (IPPP), one pyramidal in shape and one leaf shaped, are being described by us. Both were notable for coexisting hemangiomas in the close vicinity. To the best of our knowledge we are reporting these two variants of IPPP with the associated neighboring hemangiomas for the first time in Indian dermatologic literature. We suggest that this presentation may be a part of one of the syndromes that comprise anorectal malformations with hemangiomas like PELVIS syndrome and others mentioned in the table. PMID:24470664

  11. Hemangioma of the rectum - How misleading can hematochezia be?

    PubMed

    Vitor, Sofia; Oliveira Ferreira, Alexandre; Lopes, João; Velosa, José

    2016-08-01

    We present the case of an 18-year-old male patient that was referred to our gastrenterology department with history of intermittent painless hematochezia since childhood. During such instances, he was diagnosed with bowel intussusception, eosinophilic gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease at 4, 6 and 8 years old, respectively. He underwent treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid for two years, without improvement of symptoms. He was then lost to follow-up until our observation. His physical examination was unremarkable except for digital rectal examination which found a nodular compressible mass by the palpating finger. Blood tests revealed a mild iron deficiency anemia. The colonoscopy showed an extended reddish and bluish multinodular submucosal mass in the rectum, suggesting diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the rectum (DHCR). The Magnetic Resonance Imaging, showed diffuse thickening of the entire rectum extending into the distal sigmoid with the mesorectum revealing multiple serpiginous structures, corresponding to abnormal blood vessels. After discussion, we considered to perform a sphincter-sparing procedure, namely pull through transection and coloanal anastomosis. However, intervention was ruled out by the patient because of his fear of anal incontinence and permanent colostomy. We adopted a conservative strategy with clinical surveillance and iron supplementation. At the present, the patient remains with intermittent rectal bleeding, referring poor quality of life due to his ongoing symptoms. This is a rare case of DHCR. Despite of being a benign disease, the management of DHCR requires a sphincter mucosectomy and pull-through coloanal sleeve anastomosis which has become the first-line procedure. The surgical outcomes are non-expectable in 32% with permanent sphincter lesion or with incomplete DHCR removal. As in this case, the surgeons or patients refusal to perform the intervention is common which represents a challenge to the clinical follow

  12. Incidental detection of pancreatic hemangioma mimicking a metastatic tumor of renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sung Hyun; Kim, Ji-Ye; Choi, Jin Young; Choi, Young Deuk; Kim, Kyung Sik

    2016-05-01

    Adult pancreatic hemangioma is a rare disease. We presented a case of a woman with pancreatic tail mass mimicking a distant metastasis from the kidney. A 68-year-old woman was found with a left kidney mass on medical checkup. Computed tomography scan showed a 4.3 cm-sized mass in the left kidney, suggesting renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and a strongly enhancing tiny nodule in the pancreatic tail. We could not rule the possibility of RCC metastasis, hence, surgical resection of the pancreatic mass simultaneously with radical nephrectomy for RCC was conducted. Gross pathologic examination revealed hemangioma. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumor was positive for CD34, CD31 and factor VIII-related antigen. There were no significant postoperative events, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 7 without any complications. Treatment strategies for pancreatic hemangioma have not been established. To our knowledge, this was the first case report of asymptomatic pancreatic hemangioma. In previous literature, treatment differed on a case-by-case basis, ranging from observation to surgical resection. The most important factor in deciding whether to perform surgery is possibly risk-benefit effectiveness; however, tumor location, patient symptoms, and other factors are also important. PMID:27212999

  13. Normalisation of asymmetric astigmatism after intralesional steroid injection for upper eye lid hemangioma in childhood.

    PubMed

    Langmann, A; Lindner, S

    1994-01-01

    Infantile hemangiomas affect about 5% (3%-8%) of the population, showing a predilection for the face. After a phase of rapid enlargement between the 3rd and the 9th month of life, 70% regress by the age of six after a period of stability. 43%-60% of the children with eye lid hemangiomas develop strabismic, anisometropic, or deprivation amblyopia. Previous studies found the majority of cases resulting from anisometropia (especially asymmetric astigmatism) rather than strabism or occlusion of the visual axis. Several methods of treatment--surgical excision, irradiation, sclerosing agents, systemic steroids, ligation, cryotherapy--have been used but all with a risk of local or systemic complications. Local injections of steroids are a simple method of therapy with a high rate of resolution of hemangiomas, but still with a high degree of bad visual output because of persistent astigmatism. In four children with asymmetric astigmatism (axis of astigmatism towards the hemangioma) in which the injection was given at the beginning of the phase of enlargement, amblyopia could be avoided by preventing corneal steepening from becoming permanent. PMID:7835197

  14. Hemangiomas, angiosarcomas, and vascular malformations represent the signaling abnormalities of pathogenic angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Arbiser, J L; Bonner, M Y; Berrios, R L

    2009-11-01

    Angiogenesis is a major factor in the development of benign, inflammatory, and malignant processes of the skin. Endothelial cells are the effector cells of angiogenesis, and understanding their response to growth factors and inhibitors is critical to understanding the pathogenesis and treatment of skin disease. Hemangiomas, benign tumors of endothelial cells, represent the most common tumor of childhood. In our previous studies, we have found that tumor vasculature in human solid tumors expresses similarities in signaling to that of hemangiomas, making the knowledge of signaling in hemangiomas widely applicable. These similarities include expression of reactive oxygen, NFkB and akt in tumor vasculature. Furthermore, we have studied malignant vascular tumors, including hemangioendothelioma and angiosarcoma and have shown distinct signaling abnormalities in these tumors. The incidence of these tumors is expected to rise due to environmental insults, such as radiation and lumpectomy for breast cancer, dietary and industrial carcinogens (hepatic angiosarcoma), and chronic ultraviolet exposure and potential Agent Orange exposure. I hypothesize that hemangiomas, angiosarcomas, and vascular malformations represent the extremes of signaling abnormalities seen in pathogenic angiogenesis. PMID:19925405

  15. [Anesthetic management of a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome associated with a giant facial hemangioma].

    PubMed

    Fujii, Noriko; Usuda, Iwao; Hikawa, Yoshio

    2014-06-01

    A 32-year old man with Sturge-Weber syndrome, a rare congenital disease of multiple angiomatous lesions including cervical cortex, face, oral soft tissues, larynx and trachea, underwent the excision of a back lipoma. His hemangioma which extended into the region of the right ophthalmic nerve and superior maxillary nerve is extremely large. He also had mental retardation and epilepsy. No apparent hemangioma was found in his oral cavity, pharynxes, larynx and trachea by preoperative exam. His hemangioma made it difficult to cover his mouth and nose by usual face mask. Though we first considered awake intubation, he was difficult to obey our command. So we searched for the face mask covering his nose and mouth without pressing his facial angioma. Finally, we discovered the full-face mask for NIPPV. After induction with propofol, we confirmed the perfect mask fit, and ventilation by two-person method was effective. Then we administered rocuronium and fentanyl, and intubated without difficulty. The patient was maintained by sevoflurane. He was hemodynamically stable. He was extubated without bleeding and respiratory problems. We experienced general anesthesia of a patient with Sturge-Weber syndrome who had a giant facial hemangioma. With full-face NIPPV mask we safely induced general anesthesia. PMID:24979867

  16. Clinical features and management of multifocal hepatic hemangiomas in children: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Ji, Yi; Chen, Siyuan; Xiang, Bo; Xu, Zhicheng; Jiang, Xiaoping; Liu, Xingtao; Wang, Qi; Lu, Guoyan; Yang, Li

    2016-01-01

    Multifocal hepatic hemangioma (MHH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is commonly diagnosed in children with multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas (IHs). We present a review of all children with MHH at our institutions. Of the 42 patients, the median age at presentation of MHH was 2.5 months. Thirty-six (85.7%) patients had cutaneous IHs. Twelve (28.6%) patients were symptomatic at presentation. There was no significant association between the number of hepatic hemangiomas and the number of cutaneous IHs. Fourteen (33.3%) patients received some form of treatment for hepatic hemangiomas. The most common type of treatment was oral prednisone in 8 patients, followed by oral propranolol in 6 patients. Two patients were totally resistant to prednisone treatment. They died from congestive heart failure or respiratory distress and coagulopathy. Two patients with problematic facial IH were treated with intralesional triamcinolone injection. The remaining 26 patients were managed with imaging surveillance. On follow-up, all of the survivors had a favorable outcome. Our study suggests that the clinical features of MHH are variable. Our data emphasize the treatment strategy that aggressive treatment is indicated in symptomatic or progressive MHHs, whereas observation management of asymptomatic patients with a few small lesions is safe and appropriate. PMID:27530723

  17. Choroidal thickness changes with photodynamic therapy for a diffuse choroidal hemangioma in Sturge–Weber syndrome.

    PubMed

    Cacciamani, Andrea; Scarinci, Fabio; Parravano, Mariacristina; Giorno, Paola; Varano, Monica

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the choroidal thickness (CT) changes associated with visual function following photodynamic therapy (PDT) for a diffuse choroidal hemangioma in Sturge–Weber syndrome. We report a case of Sturge–Weber syndrome and symptomatic serous retinal detachment (SRD) with diffuse choroidal hemangioma treated with PDT. Visual acuity (VA), macular sensitivity measured by means of MP1 microperimeter (Nidek Technologies, Padova, Italy), retinal and CT, measured by means of enhanced depth optical coherence tomography (EDI–OCT, Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) were analyzed at baseline, 3 and 12 months follow-up.After the PDT VA and macular sensitivity improved.The OCT examination showed the resolution of SRD. The choroid was measured after PDT using EDI–OCT. At baseline, the subfoveal CT showed a progressive thickness reduction from 251 to 83 lm during follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first report of CT changes after PDT for a diffuse choroidal hemangioma in Sturge–Weber syndrome in a longterm follow-up. The CT measurement represents a potential parameter to better follow choroidal hemangiomas and their response to treatment. However,the long-term choroidal changes should be carefully taken into account. PMID:24658736

  18. Incidental detection of pancreatic hemangioma mimicking a metastatic tumor of renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sung Hyun; Kim, Ji-Ye; Choi, Jin Young; Choi, Young Deuk

    2016-01-01

    Adult pancreatic hemangioma is a rare disease. We presented a case of a woman with pancreatic tail mass mimicking a distant metastasis from the kidney. A 68-year-old woman was found with a left kidney mass on medical checkup. Computed tomography scan showed a 4.3 cm-sized mass in the left kidney, suggesting renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and a strongly enhancing tiny nodule in the pancreatic tail. We could not rule the possibility of RCC metastasis, hence, surgical resection of the pancreatic mass simultaneously with radical nephrectomy for RCC was conducted. Gross pathologic examination revealed hemangioma. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the tumor was positive for CD34, CD31 and factor VIII-related antigen. There were no significant postoperative events, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 7 without any complications. Treatment strategies for pancreatic hemangioma have not been established. To our knowledge, this was the first case report of asymptomatic pancreatic hemangioma. In previous literature, treatment differed on a case-by-case basis, ranging from observation to surgical resection. The most important factor in deciding whether to perform surgery is possibly risk-benefit effectiveness; however, tumor location, patient symptoms, and other factors are also important.

  19. Clinical features and management of multifocal hepatic hemangiomas in children: a retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Ji, Yi; Chen, Siyuan; Xiang, Bo; Xu, Zhicheng; Jiang, Xiaoping; Liu, Xingtao; Wang, Qi; Lu, Guoyan; Yang, Li

    2016-01-01

    Multifocal hepatic hemangioma (MHH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is commonly diagnosed in children with multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas (IHs). We present a review of all children with MHH at our institutions. Of the 42 patients, the median age at presentation of MHH was 2.5 months. Thirty-six (85.7%) patients had cutaneous IHs. Twelve (28.6%) patients were symptomatic at presentation. There was no significant association between the number of hepatic hemangiomas and the number of cutaneous IHs. Fourteen (33.3%) patients received some form of treatment for hepatic hemangiomas. The most common type of treatment was oral prednisone in 8 patients, followed by oral propranolol in 6 patients. Two patients were totally resistant to prednisone treatment. They died from congestive heart failure or respiratory distress and coagulopathy. Two patients with problematic facial IH were treated with intralesional triamcinolone injection. The remaining 26 patients were managed with imaging surveillance. On follow-up, all of the survivors had a favorable outcome. Our study suggests that the clinical features of MHH are variable. Our data emphasize the treatment strategy that aggressive treatment is indicated in symptomatic or progressive MHHs, whereas observation management of asymptomatic patients with a few small lesions is safe and appropriate. PMID:27530723

  20. A giant cavernous hemangioma of the liver extending into the pelvis

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Jiayi; Anaya, Daniel A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Giant cavernous hemangiomas are the most common tumors of the liver, ocurring in up to 20% of the general population. Given their benign course, asymptomatic nature and slow growth rate, treatment is rarely indicated. The case presented herein is unique as it describes an uncommon presentation of this common tumor and the circumstances in which surgical treatment is beneficial. Presentation of case We present a case of a 66 year-old patient with prostate cancer referred for evaluation of a massive 37 cm giant liver hemangioma, extending into the pelvis and in the planned field of radiation for prostate cancer, exhibiting rapid growth, and associated with significant symptomatology. Given these clinical characteristics, the patient was offered surgery and underwent a left trisectionectomy with an uneventful recovery. The patient's symptoms resolved and he was able to complete radiation to the pelvis. Discussion In the context of an unusual presentation, this case presentation reviews the typical clinical and imaging characteristics of giant liver hemangiomas and expands on the current indications for treatment, emphasizing the role of enucleation and resection for patients meeting appropriate indications. Conclusion Although liver hemangiomas are extremely common, surgical treatment is rarely required. With appropriate indications, and when enucleation is not feasible or ideal, major liver resection is a safe alternative approach with excellent outcomes when performed in the right setting. PMID:26117445

  1. Utilization of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Evaluation of Cherry Hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Aldahan, Adam S; Mlacker, Stephanie; Shah, Vidhi V; Chen, Lucy L; Nouri, Keyvan; Grichnik, James M

    2016-06-01

    Cherry hemangiomas are common vascular proliferative lesions that can be concerning from a cosmetic perspective. Laser therapy is often used to eradicate cherry hemangiomas, but some lesions require multiple treatments or do not resolve at all. The suboptimal response to laser treatment may be due to limitations in penetration depth by vascular lasers such as the pulsed dye laser. Optical coherence tomography is a low-energy, light-based imaging device that can evaluate the depth and extent of vascular lesions such as cherry hemangiomas by allowing visualization of tissue structure and blood vessel architecture, which cannot be appreciated by clinical or dermatoscopic examination alone. We present optical coherence tomography images of a cherry hemangioma to demonstrate the precision and resolution of this imaging modality. Optical coherence tomography provides valuable information that has the potential to predict response to laser therapy without unnecessary attempts. Future prospective studies will determine its value for this purpose.

    J Drugs Dermatol. 2016;15(6):713-714. PMID:27272077

  2. Rapid regrowth of a capillary hemangioma of the thoracic spinal cord.

    PubMed

    Kaneko, Yoichi; Yamabe, Kazutoshi; Abe, Masamitsu

    2012-01-01

    A 48-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of progressive gait disturbance. Neurological examinations showed mild weakness in his lower extremities and depreciation of deep sensation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed an intradural extramedullary enhanced lesion at the levels of the T10 and T11 vertebrae. Laminectomy of the T10 and T11 vertebrae was performed, and the vascular tumor on the spinal cord surface was completely resected. Histological analysis indicated that the lesion was a capillary hemangioma with an elevated proliferative index. Postoperatively, the patient showed rapid motor and sensory improvement. However, 6 months after the operation, MR imaging showed regrowth of the tumor although the clinical symptoms of the patient had not deteriorated. The patient has shown no tumor regrowth 9 years after the second operation. Capillary hemangiomas in the skin and soft tissues are often associated with high proliferative activity, and recurrence/regrowth is not infrequent. On the other hand, recurrence/regrowth of capillary hemangioma in the neuraxis after tumor resection has rarely been observed, even in cases of incomplete resection. The present case illustrates the treatment of recurrent capillary hemangioma of the spinal cord. PMID:23006883

  3. Ovarian Hemangiomas Do Not Harbor EWSR1 Rearrangements: Clinicopathologic Characterization of 10 Cases.

    PubMed

    Schoolmeester, John Kenneth; Greipp, Patricia T; Keeney, Gary L; Soslow, Robert A

    2015-09-01

    Hemangiomas of the ovary are rare with a majority described as individual reports of unusual clinical presentations or morphologic findings. Both the expected and unexpected pathologic features of these tumors in the ovary are not well detailed. Therefore, we collected the largest series of ovarian hemangiomas to comprehensively define their clinicopathologic associations and examine the significance of hormone receptors in their pathogenesis. In addition, a novel EWSR1-NFATC1 fusion has recently been described in a case of hemangioma of bone. To our knowledge, EWSR1 rearrangement has not been evaluated in hemangiomas of other sites or in a case series. Accordingly, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization to investigate EWSR1 status in a majority of our cases. Clinical presentation was variable and dependent on tumor size. Patient age ranged 48 to 87 yr (median 63 yr). Tumors involved the right (n=6) and left (n=3) ovaries with laterality unknown in 1 case, and size ranged from 0.2 to 5.0 cm (median 1.0 cm). Three of 4 radiologic reports were either equivocal or could not exclude malignancy. Seven cases were of the cavernous type and 3 were mixed cavernous and capillary type. All lesions formed a single discrete, circumscribed mass that displaced the surrounding cortical stroma. The cavernous type showed dilated, thin-walled vessels and vascular thrombi, some of which were associated with dystrophic calcification. In addition to cavernous morphology, the mixed form exhibited features of capillary hemangioma such as lobulated growth of capillary-sized vascular spaces that lacked atypia or multilayering and were linked to a larger feeding vessel. Each tumor expressed CD31, CD34, FLI-1, ERG, but not D240. The hemangioma stromal cells, but not endothelium, expressed estrogen and progesterone receptors in every case. Stromal luteinization was seen in 2 cases. Follow-up ranged 1 to 139 mo and all patients were disease free. All cases were negative for EWSR1

  4. Proton or photon irradiation for hemangiomas of the choroid? A retrospective comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Hoecht, Stefan . E-mail: stefan.hoecht@charite.de; Wachtlin, Joachim; Bechrakis, Nikolaos E.; Schaefer, Christiane; Heufelder, Jens; Cordini, Dino; Kluge, Heinz; Foerster, Michael; Hinkelbein, Wolfgang

    2006-10-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare, on a retrospective basis, the results of therapy in patients with uveal hemangioma treated with photon or proton irradiation at a single center. Methods and Materials: From 1993 to 2002 a total of 44 patients were treated. Until 1998 radiotherapy was given with 6 MV photons in standard fractionation of 2.0 Gy 5 times per week. In 1998 proton therapy became available and was used since then. A dose of 20 to 22.5 Cobalt Gray Equivalent (CGE) 68 MeV protons was given on 4 consecutive days. Progressive symptoms or deterioration of vision were the indications for therapy. Results: Of the 44 patients treated, 36 had circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas and 8 had diffuse choroidal hemangiomas (DCH) and Sturge-Weber syndrome. Of the patients, 19 were treated with photons with a total dose in the range of 16 to 30 Gy. A total of 25 patients were irradiated with protons. All patients with DCH but 1 were treated with photons. Stabilization of visual acuity was achieved in 93.2% of all patients. Tumor thickness decreased in 95.4% and retinal detachment resolved in 92.9%. Late effects, although generally mild or moderate, were frequently detected. In all, 40.9% showed radiation-induced optic neuropathy, maximum Grade I. Retinopathy was found in 29.5% of cases, but only 1 patient experienced more than Grade II severity. Retinopathy and radiation-induced optic neuropathy were reversible in some of the patients and in some resolved completely. No differences could be detected between patients with circumscribed choroidal hemangiomas treated with protons and photons. Treatment was less effective in DCH patients (75%). Conclusions: Radiotherapy is effective in treating choroidal hemangiomas with respect to visual acuity and tumor thickness but a benefit of proton therapy could not be detected. Side effects are moderate but careful monitoring for side effects should be part of the follow-up procedures.

  5. Minimal invasive method to treat hemangiomas of the oral cavity with a CO2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Ester M. D.; Nicola, Jorge H.; Gusmao, Reinaldo J.; Coutinho, Adriana A.; Cassitas, Nilceu P.

    1997-05-01

    During the last six years we have developed a new CO2 laser technique for the treatment of symptomatic oral cavity hemangioma. Our new technique, named 'laser encircling technique', has especially succeeded during hemangioma buccal maxillary surgeries. The treatment consisted in the application of a line of points of CO2 laser circling the lesion. Depending on the position and size of the lesion, we used from 0.4 to 4.0 Joules/mm2 laser energy density per pulse, causing reduction in the size of the lesion throughout the sclerosis of nutritional vessels which led to reduction in size, volume and color of the hemangiomas with no significant bleeding or inflammatory reaction. In this work forty male and female patients, twelve to fifty years old, presenting medium to small size hemangiomas situated in different sites of the oral cavity such as the tongue, mouth vestibule, pharynx, tonsil area and lips were treated by the procedure described above. The number of laser applications was defined by the peculiarities of each case, varying form 3 to 6 sessions at 4 week intervals, always under local or topic anesthesia. The patients complained about minimal posit operative discomfort and had good cicatrix evolution. The good results achieved by this technique lead to the conclusion that CO2 laser for these types of hemangioma is an efficient and very secure method of treatment. An important aspect of our technique is the fact that using relatively low laser power we do not perform real surgery but a less aggressive alternative of treatment.

  6. Diagnostics of hemangioma by the methods of correlation and fractal analysis of laser microscopic images of blood plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2012-01-01

    For the first time the complex correlation and fractal analysis was used for the investigation of microscopic images of both tissue images and hemangioma liquids. It was proposed a physical model of description of phase distributions formation of coherent radiation, which was transformed by optical anisotropic biological structures. The phase maps of laser radiation in the boundary diffraction zone were used as the main information parameter. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts in the points of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  7. Diagnostics of hemangioma by the methods of correlation and fractal analysis of laser microscopic images of blood plasma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boychuk, T. M.; Bodnar, B. M.; Vatamanesku, L. I.

    2011-09-01

    For the first time the complex correlation and fractal analysis was used for the investigation of microscopic images of both tissue images and hemangioma liquids. It was proposed a physical model of description of phase distributions formation of coherent radiation, which was transformed by optical anisotropic biological structures. The phase maps of laser radiation in the boundary diffraction zone were used as the main information parameter. The results of investigating the interrelation between the values of correlation (correlation area, asymmetry coefficient and autocorrelation function excess) and fractal (dispersion of logarithmic dependencies of power spectra) parameters are presented. They characterize the coordinate distributions of phase shifts in the points of laser images of histological sections of hemangioma, hemangioma blood smears and blood plasma with vascular system pathologies. The diagnostic criteria of hemangioma nascency are determined.

  8. Fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of sclerosing hemangioma (pneumocytoma): report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Dettrick, Andrew; Meikle, Anne; Fong, Kwun M

    2014-03-01

    Sclerosing hemangioma (pneumocytoma) is a rare benign lung tumor with uncertain histogenesis but characteristic histology. Reports of the cytopathology of this tumor are even rarer with only a handful of cases in the literature--many of these incorrectly diagnosed by cytology initially. Herein, we describe a case of sclerosing hemangioma diagnosed prima facie by fine-needle aspiration cytology. A cell block preparation with accompanying immunohistochemistry was instrumental in making the diagnosis. A review of the literature is also presented. PMID:22645055

  9. Phase II Study to Assess the Efficacy of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Large Cavernous Sinus Hemangiomas

    SciTech Connect

    Wang Xin; Liu Xiaoxia; Mei Guanghai; Dai Jiazhong; Pan Li; Wang Enmin

    2012-06-01

    Purpose: Cavernous sinus hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor. The direct microsurgical approach usually results in massive hemorrhage. Although radiosurgery plays an important role in managing cavernous sinus hemangiomas as a treatment alternative to microsurgery, the potential for increased toxicity with single-session treatment of large tumors is a concern. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Methods: Fourteen patients with large (volume >20 cm{sup 3}) cavernous sinus hemangiomas were enrolled in a prospective Phase II study between December 2007 and December 2010. The hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy dose was 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions. Results: After a mean follow-up of 15 months (range, 6-36 months), the magnetic resonance images showed a mean of 77% tumor volume reduction (range, 44-99%). Among the 6 patients with cranial nerve impairments before hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy, 1 achieved symptomatic complete resolution and 5 had improvement. No radiotherapy-related complications were observed during follow-up. Conclusion: Our current experience, though preliminary, substantiates the role of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas. Although a longer and more extensive follow-up is needed, hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy of 21 Gy delivered in 3 fractions is effective in reducing the tumor volume without causing any new deficits and can be considered as a treatment modality for large cavernous sinus hemangiomas.

  10. Multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma mimicking metastatic liver tumor successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery: Report of a case

    PubMed Central

    Wakasugi, Masaki; Ueshima, Shigeyuki; Tei, Mitsuyoshi; Tori, Masayuki; Yoshida, Ken-ichi; Tsujimoto, Masahiko; Akamatsu, Hiroki

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hepatic sclerosing hemangioma is a very rare benign tumor, characterized by fibrosis and hyalinization occurring in association with degeneration of a hepatic cavernous hemangioma. We report here a rare case of multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma mimicking metastatic liver tumor that was successfully treated using laparoscopic surgery. Presentation of case A 67-year-old woman with multiple liver tumors underwent single-incision laparoscopic sigmoidectomy under a diagnosis of advanced sigmoid cancer with multiple liver metastases. Examination of surgical specimens of sigmoid colon revealed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma invading the serosa, and no lymph node metastases. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 remained within normal limits throughout the course. Two months after sigmoidectomy, the patient underwent laparoscopic partial hepatectomy of S1 and S6 of the liver and cholecystectomy. Histopathological examination showed that the tumors mainly comprised hyalinized tissue and collagen fibers with sporadic vascular spaces on hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections, yielding a diagnosis of multiple hepatic sclerosing hemangioma. No evidence of recurrence has been seen as of 21 months postoperatively. Discussion Differentiating multiple sclerosing hemangiomas from metastatic liver tumors was quite difficult because the radiological findings were closely compatible with liver metastases. Laroscopic hepatectomy provided less blood loss, a shorter duration of hospitalization, and good cosmetic results. Conclusion Sclerosing hemangioma should be included among the differential diagnoses of multiple liver tumors in patients with colorectal cancer. Laparoscopic hepatectomy is useful for diagnostic therapy for undiagnosed multiple liver tumors. PMID:25679307

  11. Sclerotherapy followed by surgery for the treatment of oral hemangioma: a report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Mariano, Fernanda Viviane; Vargas, Pablo Agustin; Della Coletta, Ricardo; Lopes, Marcio Ajudarte

    2011-01-01

    Hemangiomas, vascular malformations, and varices are common benign vascular lesions in the head and neck region. They can occur in the mouth and primarily affect the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate. The main types of treatments are surgery and intralesional injection of sclerosant agents. However, other therapies have been considered, such as systemic corticosteroids, laser therapy, interferon a, and cryotherapy. Currently, sclerotherapy is employed largely because of its efficiency and ability to conserve the surrounded tissues. Surgery can be used exclusively or associated with sclerotherapy in lesions that do not show complete resolution. This article describes the cases of two patients with oral hemangiomas that were submitted to sclerotherapy with ethanolamine oleate. Although an important decrease was detected after seven applications in both cases, surgical resection of the residual lesion was performed to achieve optimal results. PMID:21903533

  12. Near-infrared laser treatment of complicated hemangiomas in children: ten-year clinical experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abushkin, Ivan A.; Privalov, Valeriy A.; Lappa, Alexander V.

    2011-03-01

    Results of application of low invasive laser technology (developed by authors: Proc. SPIE 5863, 107-115 (2005), Russian Federation patent No.2290228 of.27.12.06) to treatment of hemangiomas in children are presented and analyzed in this work. From 2001 the technology was applied to about 1500 children with more than 2000 hemangiomas. Majority of them were complicated ones: belong to cavernous or combined types or (and) were localized on problem places: on face near eyes, nose, and lips, on auricles, on perineum near anus and genitals, in respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Diode laser with wavelength 920, 970, and 1060 nm at distant and interstitial irradiation were applied. In case of need there applied endoscopes. Excellent and good results have been achieved in 94% cases; there was a significant improvement in the rest cases.

  13. Multiple Successful Angioembolizations for Refractory Cardiac Failure in a Preterm with Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma

    PubMed Central

    Sur, Amitava; Manraj, Heran; Lavoie, Pascal M.; Lim, Ken; Courtemanche, Douglas; Brooks, Paul; Albersheim, Susan

    2016-01-01

    Rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICH) are the commonest variety of congenital hemangioma, often diagnosed antenatally as high-flow arteriovenous shunts causing hemodynamic compromise to the fetus. The postnatal management of such patients is often challenging. We present the case of an infant boy who was delivered prematurely at 29 weeks of gestation due to fetal compromise by a RICH, with features of high-output cardiac failure and major systemic hemodynamic steal from peripheral organs. Two early angioembolizations were required to manage his high-output cardiac failure. To our knowledge, this infant is the smallest and earliest newborn case of successful angioembolization for a complex, life-threatening vascular anomaly. We discuss the interventional dilemmas regarding the optimal timing of delivery and early embolization. PMID:26929881

  14. Cavernous hemangioma with hematoma in the chest wall due to penetration from the anterior mediastinum.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Hiroshige; Miwa, Ken; Miyoshi, Kenichirou; Adachi, Yoshin; Fujioka, Shinji; Taniguchi, Yuji; Yaniguchi, Yuji

    2007-04-01

    The patient was a 51-year-old man who visited the hospital with swelling of the anterior chest. Chest computed tomography detected a tumor developing from the anterior mediastinum to the anterior chest wall. There was weak contrast enhancement inside the tumor, and calcification was observed in the central region. A soft tumor with an obscure border and that adhered to the back of the left sternum was surgically removed with thymic fat including the region of the chest wall that had been penetrated by the tumor. The tumor measured 30 x 25 mm, and a phlebolith was observed in the center. The pathological tissue was diagnosed to be a cavernous hemangioma, and there were no malignant findings in the endothelial cells. Mediastinal hemangioma should therefore be kept in mind during an evaluation of mediastinal tumors, and one must also take into account the effect on the surrounding organs. PMID:17491358

  15. [Cavernous hemangioma of the spongious body of the urethra: a case report].

    PubMed

    Abbinante, Maria; Crivellaro, Simone; Guaitoli, Paolo; Mastrocinque, Giuseppe; Ammirati, Enrico; Frea, Bruno

    2012-07-01

    Urethral hemangiomas are rare and benign tumors, probably originating from a unipotent angioblastic stem cell. They can vary in size and the clinical appearance can range from asymptomatic lesions to urethral bleeding or gross hematuria. We present the case of an 18-year-old male, with a history of urethral bleeding. Cystourethoscopy revealed a solitary bulging mass into the lumen, about 6 cm far from the external meatus. Doppler study confirmed that the lesion was in communication with the vessels of the left spongious body. The patient underwent surgical removal of the lesion. The post-procedure Doppler study revealed an inflammation-based remodeling of the spongoius urethra and the absence of the previous vascular connection. At the time of publication the patient is still symptom-free. The surgical removal of urethral hemangiomas is by far the technique of choice for treating such lesions in young patients, thus avoiding side effects of LASER treatments. PMID:22760936

  16. Noncomplicated Excision of a Mobile Pedunculated Septal Hemangioma of the Left Ventricle.

    PubMed

    Mazen, Mahmoud; Abdelgawad, Ahmed; El-Shemy, Ahmed; Ramadan, Mona; Al-Batrek, Hani; Mahdi, Ousama; Ramadan, Mahmoud M

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Cardiac tumors are quite rare, and differential diagnosis of them is challenging. CASE REPORT A young lady with a history of palpitations, dyspnea, and fatigue was proven by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to have a mobile left ventricular mass with rounded contour attached to the mid-part of the interventricular septum. The mass was approached via a posterior inter-atrial approach to avoid left ventriculotomy and provide adequate exposure to completely excise the tumor and control its pedicle with minimal cardiac trauma. Histological examination of the mass was diagnostic of capillary and sinusoidal hemangioma. CONCLUSIONS Complete excision of cardiac hemangioma is recommended once it is diagnosed, for histopathologic diagnosis and because of the possibility of serious complications. PMID:27384944

  17. Giant primary calvarial hemangioma over torcula: Radiological features and operative nuances

    PubMed Central

    Mohindra, Sandeep; Kapoor, Ankur; Mitra, Suvradeep; Nahar, Uma

    2016-01-01

    Background: Although rare, primary calvarial hemangioma is a known entity, surgical excision of which usually results in massive blood loss. Successful total excision of such a lesion remains a challenge, especially when these are in close vicinity of major venous sinuses. Case Description: Authors describe a rare case of intra-osseous occipital cavernoma along with radiological findings in a 50-year-old male. En bloc resection of tumor was performed using a high-speed pneumatic drill and no recurrence was noted at 6 months of follow-up. Conclusion: Intra-osseous cavernous hemangiomas have classical radiological features and can be excised completely, even when lying above major venous drainage channels like torcula. PMID:27308094

  18. Interventional Treatment of a Symptomatic Neonatal Hepatic Cavernous Hemangioma Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug

    SciTech Connect

    Kretschmar, Oliver Knirsch, Walter; Bernet, Vera

    2008-03-15

    Percutaneous intervention is one treatment option for symptomatic hepatic hemangioma in infants. We report the case of a newborn (birth weight 4060 g) with a large hepatic cavernous hemangioma, which presented early with high cardiac output failure due to arteriovenous shunting and signs of incipient Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. We performed a successful superselective transcatheter coil embolization of three feeding arteries on the seventh day of life. Because of remaining diffuse very small arteries causing a relevant residual shunt, additional occlusion of the three main draining veins was necessary with three Amplatzer vascular plugs. Cardiac failure resolved immediately. Without any additional therapy the large venous cavities disappeared within the following months. The tumor continues to regress in size 8 months after the intervention.

  19. Klippel-Trenaunay and Sturge-Weber syndromes with renal hemangioma and double inferior vena cava.

    PubMed

    Schofield, D; Zaatari, G S; Gay, B B

    1986-08-01

    We describe a 3 1/2-year-old boy with the Klippel-Trenaunay and Sturge-Weber syndromes. The child had congenital superficial capillary hemangiomas, congenital glaucoma and mild hydrocephalus. During the first year of life he experienced intermittent hematuria. When he was 3 years old he presented with seizures and left hemihypertrophy first was noted. Several months later radiological examination of a large abdominal mass demonstrated its origin to be in the right kidney. Radical nephrectomy documented the presence of renal hemangioma with complicating perirenal hematoma. A double inferior vena cava was another unexpected surgical finding that complicated the course of this patient. All of these unusual features in these rare syndromes with their clinical, pathogenetic and therapeutic implications are discussed. The differential diagnosis of renal masses in these syndromes also is presented. PMID:3016342

  20. Hemangioma of the ovary in an 81-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, M A

    1979-04-01

    We have reported a case of cavernous hemangioma of the ovary in an 81-year-old woman with uterine prolapse and without ascites. Review of the literature reveals that this is the oldest patient reported. The size of the lesion is considered large at 5 cm in diameter. No associated disease or other lesions were present. The lesion was an incidental finding with no complications. PMID:432698

  1. Propranolol therapy for infantile hemangioma is less toxic but longer in duration than corticosteroid therapy

    PubMed Central

    Sawa, Kathryn; Yazdani, Arjang; Rieder, Michael J; Filler, Guido

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma is the most common benign, self-limiting tumour of childhood. Treatment is reserved for hemangiomas that obstruct vital structures or cause significant disfigurement. Traditionally, corticosteroids have been the medical treatment of choice. Since 2008, however, propranolol has been rapidly adopted as an effective pharmacological treatment for infantile hemangioma. Published data regarding the long-term side effects of propranolol are currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term effects of propranolol and corticosteroids on anthropometric measurements (height, body mass index [BMI]) and blood pressure in children. METHODS: A prospective database analysis of all infantile hemangioma patient visits to the pediatric vascular abnormality clinic at the authors’ institution between October 2007 and February 2012 was performed. Anthropometric measures (height and BMI) and blood pressure were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 290 visits (119 patients) to the pediatric vascular abnormality clinic were reviewed. Of these, 18 patients received medical treatment and their anthropometry was analyzed. BMI percentile increased significantly in patients treated with corticosteroids (P=0.0039). Corticosteroid treatment also resulted in a significant decrease in height percentile (P=0.0078). Anthropometric measures did not cross percentiles in children treated with propranolol. A significant decrease in systolic blood pressure was noted in the propranolol group (P=0.03), but no hypotensive values were recorded. Median treatment duration was significantly longer when patients received propranolol (372 versus 133 days; P=0.0033). CONCLUSION: Propranolol for the treatment of infantile vascular abnormalities does not share the unfavourable effects on patient anthropometry that corticosteroids exhibit; however, a longer duration of therapy is required. PMID:25535459

  2. Topical timolol maleate 0.5% solution for the management of deep periocular infantile hemangiomas.

    PubMed

    Painter, Sally L; Hildebrand, Göran Darius

    2016-04-01

    This retrospective, consecutive, clinical case series examined the use of topical timolol in the treatment of 5 children with deep, periocular infantile hemangiomas that caused astigmatism, change in head posture, or ptosis. All patients were treated with timolol maleate solution 0.5% twice daily until the lesions had regressed. All 5 children showed regression of the lesion and improvement in amblyogenic risk factors within 2 weeks. PMID:27079600

  3. Dubin-Johnson syndrome with multiple liver cavernous hemangiomas: report of a familial case

    PubMed Central

    Li, Peifeng; Wang, Yingmei; Zhang, Jinmei; Geng, Ming; Li, Zengshan

    2013-01-01

    Dubin-Johnson syndrome (DJS) is a rare autosomal recessive inheritance disorder of bilirubin metabolism. Herein we reported a complicated but interesting case which is readily resulted in misdiagnosis or an indefinite diagnosis, and this is the first reported familial case of DJS with multiple liver cavernous hemangiomas. A 49-year-old man was referred to our hospital for jaundice and multiple low-density liver masses. Extensive laboratory investigations showed conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia and positive urine bilirubin. Microscopically, lesions were composed of blood-filled vascular channels of various sizes lined by a single layer of flat endothelial cells supported by fibrous tissue. Coarse brown granules presented in the hepatocytes of the liver lobules locating beside the tumor, particularly in the centrilobular hepatocytes, and the granules showed blue-green with Schmorl’s reaction lipofuscin staining. Interestingly, one of the patient’s six siblings (female) shared the same condition with him. The relationship between DJS and hemangiomas remains unclear, and it might be contributed to some hereditary factors, or probably occurred simultaneously by chance. It was certified that the true reason for the long-term unclear jaundice was DJS, which was presumed clinically to be caused by bile excretion obstacles associated with the hemangiomas. Liver biopsy and histochemical stain may be helpful to identify the reason of jaundice and avoid misdiagnosis or an indefinite diagnosis. PMID:24228133

  4. Pingyangmycin sclerotherapy for infantile hemangiomas in oral and maxillofacial regions: an evaluation of 66 consecutive patients.

    PubMed

    Hou, J; Wang, M; Tang, H; Wang, Y; Huang, H

    2011-11-01

    The management of infantile hemangiomas remains a subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the indications and treatment results of intralesional injection of pingyangmycin for treatment of infantile hemangiomas. In a prospective study of 66 patients, the effectiveness of intralesional injection of pingyangmycin was evaluated and documented. The lesions were all located in the oral and maxillofacial regions. The smallest lesion was 1.0 cm × 0.7 cm and the largest was 4.6 cm × 3.8 cm. Amongst the 66 infants who underwent sclerotherapy with pingyangmycin, cure was obtained in 74% (49/66) of patients, marked improvement of the treated lesion occurred in 14% (9/66), improvement occurred in 12% (8/66), and a lack of response was not observed in any patient. All patients were regularly followed up for 1-4 years following pingyangmycin treatment, and they demonstrated the same good results over this time. Intralesional injection of pingyangmycin was a reliable and effective therapeutic choice for infantile oral and maxillofacial hemangiomas, as it shortened the involution time and decreased the influence induced by these potentially countenance-influenced tumours with few complications. PMID:21893396

  5. Collagenous nodule mixed simple cyst and hemangioma coexistence in the liver

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Zhen-Jiang; Zhang, Shu; Cao, Yang; Pu, Guang-Chun; Liu, Hong

    2015-01-01

    A 20-year-old female patient presented with two masses located in the left liver. In this patient, a computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a hypodense mass and a second well-defined mass with a calcified nodule in the left hepatic lobe. No enhancements were apparent in or around the masses. A laparotomy was performed due to the patient’s symptoms, namely, the atypical CT findings and a risk of rupture of the subcapsular lesion. The operation revealed two masses in the left hepatic lobe and a left liver resection was subsequently performed. One of the masses involved segment III and the other mass was located in segment IV. The histopathologic findings supported a diagnosis of collagenous nodule mixed simple cyst and hemangioma. A diagnosis of collagenous nodule mixed simple hepatic cyst is extremely rare and radiologically mimics a teratoma, hepatolithiasis, parasitic cyst, or hemangioma. Although hepatic hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors found in the liver, the present case showed atypical radiographic features. PMID:25892897

  6. The association of consumptive hypothyroidism secondary to hepatic hemangioma and severe heart failure in infancy.

    PubMed

    Emir, Suna; Ekici, Filiz; İkiz, Mehmet Alper; Vidinlisan, Sadi

    2016-03-01

    Although hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors of the liver in infancy, data regarding hypothyroidism and heart failure related to hepatic hemangiomas are limited. Here, we present a 15- day -old girl who presented with prolonged jaundice at the age of 15 days. Because her TSH level was found to be 74 μIU/mL, she was initially diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism and L-Thyroxine replacement therapy was initiated. On follow-up examination performed two months later, it was observed that her TSH level was not suppressed and a mass was noticed in the right upper abdomen on physical examination. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed multiple masses with sizes of about 3-3,5 cm covering the whole liver. When evaluated with clinical and radiological appearance, oral methylprednisolone at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day and propranolol at a dose of 2 mg/kg were initiated with a diagnosis of hepatic hemagioma/hemangioendothelioma. Consumptive hypothyroidism due to hepatic hemangioma and congestive heart failure were considered in the patient who had findings of heart failure. The dose of L-Thyroxine was increased 2-fold. The patient received intensive care treatment for severe heart failure. Because his findings resolved, he was started to be followed up with propranolol, steroid and L-Thyroxine treatment. PMID:27103866

  7. Central Retinal and Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion After Intralesional Injection of Sclerosant to Glabellar Subcutaneous Hemangioma

    SciTech Connect

    Matsuo, Toshihiko; Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Gobara, Hideo; Mimura, Hidefumi; Kanazawa, Susumu

    2009-03-15

    The aim of this study is to describe vision loss caused by central retinal artery and posterior ciliary artery occlusion as a consequence of sclerotherapy with a polidocanol injection to a glabellar hemangioma. An 18-year-old man underwent direct injection with a 23-gauge needle of 1 mL of a polidocanol-carbon dioxide emulsion into the glabellar subcutaneous hemangioma under ultrasound visualization of the needle tip by radiologists. He developed lid swelling the next day, and 3 days later at referral, the visual acuity in the left eye was no light perception. Funduscopy revealed central retinal artery occlusion and fluorescein angiography disclosed no perfusion at all in the left fundus, indicating concurrent posterior ciliary artery occlusion. The patient also showed mydriasis, blepharoptosis, and total external ophthalmoplegia on the left side. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the swollen medial rectus muscle. In a month, blepharoptosis and ophthalmoplegia resolved but the visual acuity remained no light perception. Sclerosing therapy for facial hemangioma may develop a severe complication such as permanent visual loss.

  8. Giant hepatic hemangioma and cross-fused ectopic kidney in a spaceflight participant.

    PubMed

    Jennings, Richard T; Garriott, Owen K; Bogomolov, Valery V; Pochuev, Vladimir I; Morgun, Valery V; Garriott, Richard A

    2010-02-01

    Commercial spaceflight participants are typically older than traditional astronauts and often have medical conditions that make medical certification for flight difficult. This case report considers a 43-yr-old spaceflight participant who planned a short-duration Soyuz flight to the International Space Station (ISS). While he participated in many hazardous activities such as parachuting, hang gliding, scuba diving, Antarctic and jungle exploration, and deep sea submersible operations, he knew that several of his medical conditions precluded serving as a career astronaut. At the time of his initial spaceflight prescreen examination, he was known to have previous bilateral photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia and a cross-fused left ectopic kidney that would be disqualifying for a career astronaut. During the evaluation for the left single cross-fused ectopic kidney, a giant hepatic hemangioma was also discovered. In order to medically qualify for flight, the giant hepatic hemangioma was surgically removed. This case summary investigat*es the implications of a single cross-fused left ectopic kidney and the decision process and treatment implications for spaceflight medical certification in an individual with an asymptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma. PMID:20131656

  9. Complete genome sequence of an avian leukosis virus isolate associated with hemangioma and myeloid leukosis in egg-type and meat-type chickens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A new virus isolate was separated from a commercial egg-type flock of chickens in China and was determined as subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J). ALV-J is known to cause myeloid leukosis. But this new isolate of viruses causes both hemangioma and myeloid leukosis in chickens. Hemangioma is an a...

  10. Diagnosis and treatment of cavernous hemangioma of the internal auditory canal.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Wei Dong; Huang, Qi; Li, Xi Ye; Chen, Hong Sai; Wang, Zhao Yan; Wu, Hao

    2016-03-01

    OBJECT Cavernous hemangioma of the internal auditory canal (IAC) is an extremely rare type of tumor, and only 50 cases have been reported in the literature prior to this study. The aim in this study was to describe the symptomatology, radiological features, and surgical outcomes for patients with cavernous hemangioma of the IAC and to discuss the diagnostic criteria and treatment strategy for the disease. METHODS The study included 6 patients with cavernous hemangioma of the IAC. All patients presented with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus, and 2 also suffered from vertigo. Five patients reported a history of facial symptoms with hemispasm or palsy: 3 had progressive facial weakness, 1 had a hemispasm, and 1 had a history of recovery from sudden facial paresis. All patients underwent CT and MRI to rule out intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas and facial nerve neuromas. Five patients had their tumors surgically removed, while 1 patient, who did not have facial problems, was followed up with a wait-and-scan approach. RESULTS All patients had a presurgical diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of the IAC, which was confirmed pathologically in the 5 patients who underwent surgical removal of the tumor. The translabyrinthine approach was used to remove the tumor in 4 patients, while the middle cranial fossa approach was used in the 1 patient who still had functional hearing. Tumors adhered to cranial nerves VII and/or VIII and were difficult to dissect from nerve sheaths during surgeries. Complete hearing loss occurred in all 5 patients. In 3 patients, the facial nerve could not be separated from the tumor, and primary end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Intact facial nerve preservation was achieved in 2 patients. Patients were followed up for at least 1 year after treatment, and MRI showed no evidence of tumor regrowth. All patients experienced some level of recovery in facial nerve function. CONCLUSIONS Cavernous hemangioma of the IAC can be diagnosed