Sample records for hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous

  1. Congenital spinal lipomatous malformations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natarajan Muthukumar

    2009-01-01

    Background  To report this author’s experience with patients with a congenital spinal lipomatous malformation with special emphasis on\\u000a variations in clinical presentation, operative findings, and outcome based on the classification scheme proposed in the first\\u000a part of this two part article.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  From January 1995 to July 2005, 80 patients with a congenital spinal lipomatous malformation were treated. All patients underwent\\u000a routine

  2. Recurrent targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma in a 26-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Gendernalik, Sarah Broski; Gendernalik, James D

    2011-02-01

    A 26-year-old previously healthy man presented with a 6-mm violaceous papule that had a surrounding 1.5-cm annular, nonblanching, erythematous halo on the right-sided flank. The man reported the lesion had been recurring for 4 to 5 years, flaring every 4 to 5 months and then slowly disappearing until the cycle recurred. Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma was clinically diagnosed. The lesion was removed by means of elliptical excision and the condition resolved. The authors discuss the clinical appearance, histology, and etiology of targetoid hemosiderotic hemangiomas. PMID:21357498

  3. Lipomatous angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: diagnostic and histogenetic considerations.

    PubMed

    Magro, G; Salvatorelli, L; Angelico, G; Vecchio, G M; Caltabiano, R

    2014-12-01

    We report a rare case of angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB) of the vulva, composed predominantly of a mature fatty component, representing approximately 60% of the entire tumour. The tumour, designated as "lipomatous AMFB", should be interpreted as the morphological result of an unbalanced bidirectional differentiation of the presumptive precursor stromal cell resident in the hormonally-responsive stroma of the lower genital tract, with the adipocytic component overwhelming the fibroblastic/myofibroblastic one. The close admixture of adipocytes with spindled/epithelioid cells of the conventional AMFB resulted, focally, in a pseudo-infiltrative growth pattern and pseudo-lipoblast-like appearance, raising problems in differential diagnosis, especially with well-differentiated lipoma-like liposarcoma and spindle cell liposarcoma. Awareness of the possibility that vulvo-vaginal AMFB may contain large amount of lipomatous component is crucial to avoid confusion with other bland-looking spindle cell tumours containing infiltrating fat. PMID:25845047

  4. Atypical lipomatous tumor with unusual extensive metaplastic ossification

    PubMed Central

    Javery, Omar; Jagannathan, Jyothi P.; O'Regan, Kevin; Hornick, Jason L.; Ramaiya, Nikhil

    2012-01-01

    Abstract The presence of metaplastic ossification within atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDLPS) is a rare occurrence. When present, bone formation is most often found in association with a dedifferentiated component arising within the primary tumor. It is important for the radiologist not only to recognize the differential diagnosis of a calcified or ossified soft tissue mass but also be aware of the various soft tissue neoplasms, both aggressive and non-aggressive, that may show such features. We report a case of ALT/WDLPS with unusual extensive metaplastic bone formation without an element of dedifferentiated liposarcoma. PMID:22375305

  5. Lipomatous hemangiopericytoma in a child: A case report with immunohistochemical evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Madala, Jayakiran; Guttikonda, Venkateswara Rao; Korlepara, Rajani

    2015-01-01

    Lipomatous hemangiopericytomas are rare soft-tissue tumors that show areas of hemangiopericytoma like vascular pattern admixed with lipid containing cells. It is now considered a subtype of solitary fibrous tumor due to histopathological and immunohistochemical similarities. To date, only a few cases have been adequately reported in the medical literature. A case of lipomatous hemangiopericytoma in an 11-year-old female patient is presented and the clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features are discussed, along with a literature review. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first known case of a lipomatous hemangiopericytoma in a pediatric patient. Our case report further emphasizes that a number of studies should be evaluated to delineate hemangiopericytomas from solitary fibrous tumors. PMID:26097315

  6. Adrenal lipomatous tumours: a 30 year clinicopathological experience at a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Lam, K; Lo, C

    2001-01-01

    Aims—Fatty tumours of the adrenal gland are uncommon and their features have received little attention in the literature. The aim of this study is to analyse the features of adrenal lipomatous tumours. Methods—The histological features of primary adrenal tumours reported over a 30 year period (1970 to 1999) in Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong were reviewed and the clinicopathological features of adrenal lipomatous tumours were analysed. Results—Adrenal lipomatous tumours were noted in 20 patients (12 men, eight women), and they accounted for 4.8% of the primary adrenal tumours reported. The adrenal fatty tumours comprised 11 myelolipomas, three lipomas, three teratomas, two angiomyolipomas, and one liposarcoma. Calcification or bone was noted in one third (seven of 20) of the adrenal tumours. In some fatty tumours (myelolipoma and angiomyolipoma), the fatty component may be inconspicuous. This is the first report in the English literature of angiomyolipoma and liposarcoma of the adrenal gland. Conclusions—Different types of fatty tumours were noted in the adrenal gland. A high index of suspicion should be maintained with an aim of surgical treatment for selected patients with large and symptomatic adrenal lipomatous lesions. Histological confirmation is needed for diagnosis. Key Words: myelolipoma • lipoma • angiomyolipoma • liposarcoma • adrenal PMID:11533079

  7. Adrenal lipomatous tumours: a 30 year clinico- pathological experience at a single institution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    China K Y Lam

    Aims—Fatty tumours of the adrenal gland are uncommon and their features have received little attention in the literature. The aim of this study is to analyse the fea- tures of adrenal lipomatous tumours. Methods—The histological features of pri- mary adrenal tumours reported over a 30 year period (1970 to 1999) in Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong were reviewed and the

  8. Sonographic features of benign intraperitoneal lipomatous tumors in children-report of 4 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Prando; S. Wallace; J. L. C. Marins; R. M. Pereira; E. R. de Oliveira; M. Alvarenga

    1990-01-01

    Four children with benign intraperitoneal lipomatous tumors (mesenteric lipoma, mesenteric lipoblastoma, omental lipoblastoma and mesenteric mesenchymoma) are reported. The ultrasonographic findings of these unusual pediatric masses are described and correlated with their conventional radiologic and pathologic appearance. The pre-operative diagnosis of these entities can be suggested by these features.

  9. Lipomatous myofibroblastoma: a potential diagnostic pitfall in the spectrum of the spindle cell lesions of the breast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gaetano Magro; Michal Michal; Enrico Vasquez; Michele Bisceglia

    2000-01-01

    We report on two cases of myofibroblastoma (MFB) of the breast comprised predominantly of a mature fatty component, representing approximately three quarters of the entire tumour area. Both tumours consisted of a well-circumscribed lipomatous tumour mass containing dispersed nodular or irregularly shaped spindled cellular areas. The fatty component was represented exclusively by mature adipocytes, uniform in size and shape, lacking

  10. Lipomatous salivary gland tumors: a series of 31 cases spanning their morphologic spectrum with emphasis on sialolipoma and oncocytic lipoadenoma.

    PubMed

    Agaimy, Abbas; Ihrler, Stephan; Märkl, Bruno; Lell, Michael; Zenk, Johannes; Hartmann, Arndt; Michal, Michal; Skalova, Alena

    2013-01-01

    Lipomatous neoplasms of the salivary glands are rare. Their wide histologic spectrum has not been sufficiently studied. We collected 31 fat-containing salivary gland lesions excluding pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma with lipometaplasia. There were 19 male and 12 female patients aged 7 to 89 years (mean, 53 y). Tumors originated in the parotid (n=29) and the submandibular (n=2) gland. On the basis of the proportion and distribution of adipose tissue and the epithelial type, tumors could be categorized into 3 main groups: ordinary lipoma (n=20) identical to soft tissue lipoma but located within the salivary gland, oncocytic lipoadenoma (n=6) composed predominantly of oncocytes with variable fatty component, nononcocytic sialolipoma (n=4) composed of lobular fatty tissue (?70%) with evenly distributed normal salivary tissue recapitulating the composition of normal salivary glands and microcystic lipoadenoma (n=1) composed of cystic ducts admixed with adipose tissue. The mean tumor size was 3.3, 3.8, and 2.9 cm for lipoma, oncocytic lipoadenoma, and nononcocytic sialolipoma, respectively. Associated diseases included Madelung disease with bilateral atypical lipomatous tumors of the neck and bilateral parotid lipoma (1), oncocytic lipoadenoma after irradiation for sinonasal adenocarcinoma (1), and periparotideal lipoma excised years before oncocytic lipoadenoma (1) and nononcocytic sialolipoma (1). No recurrence was recorded at a mean follow-up of 72 months (range, 6 to 184 mo). Sebaceous islands were seen in 5/6 oncocytic lipoadenomas and in 2/4 sialolipomas. Periductal inflammation/fibrosis was common in sialolipoma and oncocytic lipoadenoma. This study demonstrates the wide morphologic spectrum of fatty salivary gland lesions. Oncocytic lipoadenoma is an epithelial-predominant tumor that is distinct from the fat-dominated nononcocytic sialolipoma, but the 2 types seem to merge in some cases. PMID:23232852

  11. Relationship of endothelial area with VEGF-A, COX-2, maspin, c-KIT, and DOG-1 immunoreactivity in liposarcomas versus non-lipomatous soft tissue tumors

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Ioan; Gurzu, Simona; Turdean, Sabin; Ciortea, Diana; Sahlean, Danut Ioan; Golea, Mircea; Bara, Tivadar

    2015-01-01

    Soft tissue tumors are rare tumors that show a heterogeneous structure; thus far, their molecular behavior has not been elucidated. The aim of our study was to define the relationship between microvessel density (MVD), evaluated with CD31, and other immunohistochemical markers, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), CD34, maspin, DOG-1, and c-KIT. Immunostains were done in 55 cases consisting of benign and malignant tumors, such as liposarcomas, dermatofibrosarcomas, and tumors with histiocytic differentiation. Renal tubes were used as external control for VEGF, maspin, and DOG-1. Although DOG-1 is considered a specific marker for gastrointestinal tumors (GISTs), its positivity, correlated with c-KIT and VEGF immunoexpression, was also shown by dermatofibrosarcomas and tumors with histiocytic and lipomatous differentiation, suggesting its possible pro-angiogenic role. Maspin expression was observed in adipose tissue tumors only. Regarding angiogenesis, 31 of the 55 cases were VEGF-positive, such positivity being directly correlated with COX-2 and CD34 positivity as evaluated in the tumor cells and also with MVD. Although no significant differences in angiogenic activity were found between benign and malignant non-lipomatous tumors, the MVD was directly correlated with the histological type/grade of liposarcomas. Based on these aspects, we conclude that VEGF/COX-2-induced angiogenesis is specific for non-lipomatous tumors, whereas liposarcomas are dependent on the VEGF/maspin angiogenic pathway. The DOG-1/c-KIT/VEGF target may be used for further personalized therapy of soft tissue sarcomas. No data about DOG-1 and maspin positivity in liposarcomas have been published to date. PMID:25973067

  12. Relationship of endothelial area with VEGF-A, COX-2, maspin, c-KIT, and DOG-1 immunoreactivity in liposarcomas versus non-lipomatous soft tissue tumors.

    PubMed

    Jung, Ioan; Gurzu, Simona; Turdean, Sabin; Ciortea, Diana; Sahlean, Danut Ioan; Golea, Mircea; Bara, Tivadar

    2015-01-01

    Soft tissue tumors are rare tumors that show a heterogeneous structure; thus far, their molecular behavior has not been elucidated. The aim of our study was to define the relationship between microvessel density (MVD), evaluated with CD31, and other immunohistochemical markers, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), CD34, maspin, DOG-1, and c-KIT. Immunostains were done in 55 cases consisting of benign and malignant tumors, such as liposarcomas, dermatofibrosarcomas, and tumors with histiocytic differentiation. Renal tubes were used as external control for VEGF, maspin, and DOG-1. Although DOG-1 is considered a specific marker for gastrointestinal tumors (GISTs), its positivity, correlated with c-KIT and VEGF immunoexpression, was also shown by dermatofibrosarcomas and tumors with histiocytic and lipomatous differentiation, suggesting its possible pro-angiogenic role. Maspin expression was observed in adipose tissue tumors only. Regarding angiogenesis, 31 of the 55 cases were VEGF-positive, such positivity being directly correlated with COX-2 and CD34 positivity as evaluated in the tumor cells and also with MVD. Although no significant differences in angiogenic activity were found between benign and malignant non-lipomatous tumors, the MVD was directly correlated with the histological type/grade of liposarcomas. Based on these aspects, we conclude that VEGF/COX-2-induced angiogenesis is specific for non-lipomatous tumors, whereas liposarcomas are dependent on the VEGF/maspin angiogenic pathway. The DOG-1/c-KIT/VEGF target may be used for further personalized therapy of soft tissue sarcomas. No data about DOG-1 and maspin positivity in liposarcomas have been published to date. PMID:25973067

  13. An Unexpected Cause of Hemoptysis: Endobronchial Lipomatous Hamartoma

    PubMed Central

    Sarioglu, Nurhan; Susur, Alev; Goksel, Tuncay; Paksoy, Serpil; Erel, Fuat

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Hamartomas are the most common benign tumors of the lung. Endobnronchial hamartomas are even rarer and infrequently causes hemoptysis. We report a case of endobronchial hamartoma that was originating from a segment bronchus and invisible in chest X-ray. A 63-year-old man was admitted to hospital with hemoptysis. A CT scan revealed endobronchial mass obstructing anterior bronchus of the right lower lob of the right lung. It wasn’t radiographically presented. Flexible bronchoscopy detected a polypoid mass (1.5x1.0 cm) that arising from the posterior wall of the anterior segment of right lower lob. Histopathologic examination revealed lipoumatous hamartoma. It was resected with an electro-surgical snare. Cryotherapy was applied to residual lesion on surface of the bronchus. The patient was successfully recovered. In conclusion, lipoumatous hamartoma may presented as rare cause of hemoptysis. Endoscopic treatment is safe and currently modality used for select cases. PMID:24783918

  14. Lipomatous lesions around the shoulder: Recent experience in a Nigerian hospital

    PubMed Central

    Rahman, Ganiyu A.; Abdulkadir, Adekunle Y.; Yusuf, I. F.

    2009-01-01

    We present four cases of shoulder lipomas in two females and two males in their fourth to fifth decades of life. All four lipomas were big. Three were subcutaneous and one was intermuscular. None of them were associated with any functional limitation of the affected shoulder. Subcutaneous or intermuscular lipomas around the shoulder do not appear to affect shoulder functions. Complete surgical excision is rewarding and was achieved under local anesthesia in all our patients with no incidence of recurrence. PMID:20616951

  15. Endobronchial lipomatous hamartoma diagnosed on computed tomography scan in young new mother—A case report

    PubMed Central

    De Falco Alfano, Daniele; Totaro, Marilina; Zagà, Cristina; Duati, Riccardo; Bernardoni, Andrea; Diago, Nicola Murri Dello; Giganti, Melchiore

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Hamartoma is the most common benign lesion of the lung, but endobronchial localisation is rare. Typically occurs between the fifth and seventh decade of life and in literature has never been described in association with pregnancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report the case of a young woman in whom the tumor seems to have an increase of size after two pregnancies in the course of his life. DISCUSSION The pulmonary hamartoma is the most common benign lesion of the lung, but endobronchial localisation is rare. Early diagnosis and resection of benign endobronchial tumors may avert significant morbidity and prevent distal lung damage. CONCLUSION Following histological examination reassessment of the clinical history of our patient led us to hypothesize, on the basis of pathophysiological, a rise in the size of the endobronchial lesion given by hormonal stimulation pregnancy-related. PMID:25437651

  16. Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome with deforming lipomatous hamartomas in infant - Case report*

    PubMed Central

    Gontijo, Gabriela Maria Abreu; Pinto, Clóvis Antonio Lopes; Rogatto, Silvia Regina; da Cunha, Isabela Werneck; Aguiar Junior, Samuel; Alves, Célia Antônia Xavier de Moraes

    2013-01-01

    Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba Syndrome is a rare condition caused by mutations in the PTEN gene. It displays association of multiple lipomas, macrocephaly, hemangiomas, hamartomatous intestinal polyposis, developmental delay and speckled pigmented maculae on the male genitalia. We report the case of a nine-month-old boy who had fast growing and progressive tumors for three months, macrocephaly and lentigines on the penis. Imaging tests showed extensive lipomatosis with invasion of paraspinal muscles, enlargement of the spinal canal and spinal cord compression; after surgical excision of the mass, the pathology was consistent with lipoma. Adipocyte culture karyotype demonstrated PTEN mutation. We present this case for its rarity and exuberance. PMID:24474112

  17. Deep-seated huge hibernoma of soft tissue: a rare differential diagnosis of atypical lipomatous tumor/well differentiated liposarcoma

    PubMed Central

    Vassos, Nikolaos; Lell, Michael; Hohenberger, Werner; Croner, Roland S; Agaimy, Abbas

    2013-01-01

    Background: Hibernoma is a rare benign fat-forming soft tissue tumor that differentiates similar to brown fat, hence an origin from remnants of fetal brown adipose tissue has been proposed. Mainly young adults are affected, usually without significant clinical symptoms. Material and methods: We report on four patients with hibernomas, who were treated at our hospital during the last 10 years. The clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features are presented and treatment and follow-up data discussed. Results: Patients were 2 women and 2 men aged 21-67 years (mean: 45 yrs) who presented with a slowly growing, painless mass. The anatomic location was the thigh, upper arm, lateral thoracic wall and paravertebral soft tissue. Two of them were diagnosed preoperatively through a percutaneous core needle biopsy and the other two underwent surgery because of high clinical and radiological suspicion of liposarcoma. The tumor’s size ranged from 7 cm to 15.5 cm (mean: 11 cm). All were deep-seated subfascial intramuscular masses. Histologically, all four tumors were of the typical variant. All patients underwent a R0-surgical resection of the tumor and they were recurrence-free at last follow-up (mean: 47 months; range: 25-87). Conclusion: Hibernoma may present as huge deep intramuscular soft tissue mass in adults, closely mimicking well differentiated liposarcoma and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of fatty soft tissue tumors in any location. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice. The tumor has no malignant or recurrence potential. PMID:24133596

  18. Asymmetrical lipomatosis: report of two cases.

    PubMed Central

    Enzi, G.; Digito, M.; Baldo Enzi, G.; Perin, B.; Fiore, D.

    1985-01-01

    We report on two patients with an asymmetrical expansion of fat tissue. At computed tomography, lipomatous tissue proved to be superficially located in one patient and both subcutaneously and deeply located in the second. Signs and symptoms of a peripheral neuropathy were observed in both patients, who were otherwise asymptomatic. The lipolytic activity in post-heparin plasma was normal in both patients. The fat cell size of lipomatous tissue, obtained in one patient by percutaneous needle biopsy, was higher than that of contralateral, uninvolved adipose tissue. The adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity in lipomatous tissue was higher than that in normal tissue. High density lipoprotein (HDL), HDL2 and HDL3 cholesterol values were elevated in both patients but not exceeding 1 standard deviation the values of age and sex matched controls. Isoprenaline-stimulated lipid mobilization was similar in lipomatous and in control tissue. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 PMID:4059137

  19. Detection of MDM2 gene amplification or protein expression distinguishes sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis from inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua Weaver; John R Goldblum; Sondra Turner; Raymond R Tubbs; Wei-Lein Wang; Alexander JF Lazar; Brian P Rubin

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory liposarcoma is a variant of well-differentiated liposarcoma\\/atypical lipomatous tumor that consists of a mixture of lymphocytes, histiocytes, scattered atypical stromal cells, mature adipocytes, and rarely lipoblasts. When the inflammatory infiltrate predominates, the morphological features overlap with various fibroinflammatory disorders including sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis, making the diagnosis difficult. Well-differentiated liposarcoma\\/atypical lipomatous tumor and dedifferentiated liposarcoma have characteristic molecular

  20. Radiation Therapy With or Without Combination Chemotherapy or Pazopanib Hydrochloride Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcomas That Can Be Removed by Surgery

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-07-08

    Adult Fibrosarcoma; Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma; Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma; Atypical Fibroxanthoma; Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue; Epithelioid Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Epithelioid Sarcoma; Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Fibrohistiocytic Neoplasm; Glomus Tumor of the Skin; Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor; Intimal Sarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma; Liposarcoma; Low Grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma; Low Grade Myofibroblastic Sarcoma; Malignant Cutaneous Granular Cell Tumor; Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Malignant Triton Tumor; Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma; Myxofibrosarcoma; Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Myxoinflammatory Fibroblastic Sarcoma; Nerve Sheath Neoplasm; PEComa; Pericytic Neoplasm; Plexiform Fibrohistiocytic Tumor; Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma; Stage IB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IIB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Synovial Sarcoma; Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma; Undifferentiated High Grade Pleomorphic Sarcoma of Bone

  1. Radiation Therapy With or Without Combination Chemotherapy or Pazopanib Hydrochloride Before Surgery in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcomas That Can Be Removed by Surgery

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-06-15

    Adult Fibrosarcoma; Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma; Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma; Atypical Fibroxanthoma; Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue; Epithelioid Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Epithelioid Sarcoma; Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma; Fibrohistiocytic Neoplasm; Glomus Tumor of the Skin; Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor; Intimal Sarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma; Liposarcoma; Low Grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma; Low Grade Myofibroblastic Sarcoma; Malignant Cutaneous Granular Cell Tumor; Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor; Malignant Triton Tumor; Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma; Myxofibrosarcoma; Myxoid Chondrosarcoma; Myxoinflammatory Fibroblastic Sarcoma; Nerve Sheath Neoplasm; PEComa; Pericytic Neoplasm; Plexiform Fibrohistiocytic Tumor; Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma; Stage IB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IIB Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Synovial Sarcoma; Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma; Undifferentiated High Grade Pleomorphic Sarcoma of Bone

  2. Soft tissue tumours: imaging strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hervé J. Brisse; Daniel Orbach; Jerzy Klijanienko

    2010-01-01

    Vascular tumours and malformations, fibrous and fibrohistiocytic tumours and pseudotumours are the most common benign soft-tissue\\u000a masses observed in children, and can be treated conservatively. Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most frequent malignant tumours,\\u000a accounting for about half of soft tissue sarcomas. A child referred for a soft-tissue mass should ideally be managed by a\\u000a multidisciplinary team and primary excision should be

  3. Bone tumors: Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Second edition

    SciTech Connect

    Huvos, A.G.

    1987-01-01

    This book presents treatment modalities of all skeletal neoplasms with special emphasis on clinicopathologic correlations and differential diagnosis. This describes the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features, plus interdisciplinary approaches to treatment for each tumor type and also covers benign and malignant bone-forming and cartilage-forming tumors, tumors of connective tissue origin, tumors of histoiocytic or fibrohistiocytic origin, and tumors and tumor-like lesions of blood vessels arising in the skeletal system.

  4. Rectal angiolipoma: A case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Kacar, Sabite; Kuran, Sedef; Temucin, Tulay; Odemis, Bulent; Karadeniz, Nilufer; Sasmaz, Nurgul

    2007-01-01

    Angiolipoma is a rare vascular variant of the benign lipomatous tumors and is generally seen in subcutaneous tissues. We report a 70-year-old female with abdominal distension not related to rectal small polypoid mass with peduncule described as angiolipoma by histologically, and review the literature. PMID:17457984

  5. Das interatriale Lipom des Herzens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. J. Klein; H. E. Schaefer

    1973-01-01

    In a 70 years old woman suffering from paroxysmal tachyarhythmia and atrial fibrillation and in a 66 year old man, interatrial lipomas are discovered by post mortem examination. This lesion, named lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum by other authors, obviously is correlated with cardiac dysrhythmia. As seen from literature, interatrial lipomas are to be found in elderly patients with

  6. Lipome arborescent du genou traité par synovectomie arthroscopique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michel Franco; Jean-Marc Puch; Marie-Jeanne Carayon; Delphine Bortolotti; Laetitia Albano; Aude Lallemand

    2004-01-01

    We report a case of lipoma arborescens treated with an arthroscopic procedure. Lipoma arborescens is an uncommon pseudotumoral synovial lesion usually located in the suprapatellar pouch of the knee. This diagnosis should be considered, particularly in patients with chronic joint effusion. Magnetic resonance imaging confirms the lipomatous nature of the synovial proliferation. When limited to the anterior compartment of the

  7. Superficial Acral Fibromyxoma involving the nail's apparatus. Case report and literature review*

    PubMed Central

    García, Ana Márquez; Mendonça, Francisco Manuel Ildefonso; Cejudo, Manuel Perea; Martínez, Francisco M. Camacho; Martín, Juan José Ríos

    2014-01-01

    Superficial Acral Fibromyxoma is a rare tumor of soft tissues. It is a relatively new entity described in 2001 by Fetsch et al. It probably represents a fibrohistiocytic tumor with less than 170 described cases. We bring a new case of SAF on the 5th toe of the right foot, in a 43-year-old woman. After surgical excision with safety margins which included the nail apparatus, it has not recurred (22 months of follow up). We carried out a review of the location of all SAF published up to the present day. PMID:24626661

  8. Pathology Case Study: Metastasizing Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rao, Uma N. M.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  9. Oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland: a report of a new case and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Mitsimponas, Konstantinos T; Agaimy, Abbas; Schlittenbauer, Tilo; Nkenke, Emeka; Neukam, Friedrich-Wilhelm

    2012-01-01

    Oncocytic lipoadenoma is a rare salivary gland tumour composed of adipose tissue and oncocytic epithelial cells in varied proportions. This tumour is still not included in the current WHO classification of salivary gland neoplasms. We herein report a further case of oncocytic lipoadenoma originating in the parotid gland of a 55-year-old woman. The tumour presented as a slowly growing asymptomatic left-sided parotid gland mass. The resected tumour measured 2.7 cm in maximum diameter and was composed of oncocytoma-like epithelial component admixed with mature adipocytes that made up 10% of the whole mass. Foci of sebaceous differentiation were seen. This rare variant of lipomatous salivary gland tumours is in need of more recognition and should be distinguished from other fat-containing salivary gland lesions, particularly lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma. PMID:23119120

  10. Oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland: a report of a new case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Mitsimponas, Konstantinos T; Agaimy, Abbas; Schlittenbauer, Tilo; Nkenke, Emeka; Neukam, Friedrich-Wilhelm

    2012-01-01

    Oncocytic lipoadenoma is a rare salivary gland tumour composed of adipose tissue and oncocytic epithelial cells in varied proportions. This tumour is still not included in the current WHO classification of salivary gland neoplasms. We herein report a further case of oncocytic lipoadenoma originating in the parotid gland of a 55-year-old woman. The tumour presented as a slowly growing asymptomatic left-sided parotid gland mass. The resected tumour measured 2.7 cm in maximum diameter and was composed of oncocytoma-like epithelial component admixed with mature adipocytes that made up 10% of the whole mass. Foci of sebaceous differentiation were seen. This rare variant of lipomatous salivary gland tumours is in need of more recognition and should be distinguished from other fat-containing salivary gland lesions, particularly lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma. PMID:23119120

  11. Lipoma causing upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: A case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Balavani Palamari; Jerome F. Breen; Waldemar E. Wysokinski

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of lipoma in the right infraclavicular and axillary area compressing subclavian vein there by presenting\\u000a with upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT) and persistent symptoms of venous congestion. Patient was also found to\\u000a be a heterozygous carrier of prothrombin 20210 gene mutation. Surgical excision of lipomatous tissue performed after 6 months\\u000a of anticoagulation resulted in a complete

  12. Spontaneous rupture of a hepatic angiomyolipoma: CT findings and literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Guidi; O. Catalano; A. Rotondo

    1997-01-01

    .   Angiomyolipoma is an uncommon lipomatous neoplasm of the liver, usually asymptomatic and identified incidentally. We describe\\u000a the CT findings of a surgically confirmed case of spontaneously ruptured angiomyolipoma with evidence of internal hemorrhage\\u000a and hemoperitoneum. The CT features were that of an exophitic, oval, well-defined mass with inhomogeneous attenuation values\\u000a due to the presence of fat- and soft-tissue densities.

  13. Giant Cell Angioblastoma in an Adult: a Unique Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Crivelli-Ochsner, Susanna; Bode-Lesniewska, Beata; Nussbaumer-Ochsner, Yvonne; Fuchs, Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Giant cell angioblastoma is a very rare, locally destructive vascular tumor of intermediate malignancy without metastatic potential. There are only a few cases reported in the literature exclusively in the soft tissue of children. For the first time, we report on an adult patient with a giant cell angioblastoma in the popliteal fossa. The therapy included tumor resection with favorable clinical, oncological and functional outcome. Due to its locally destructive nature, surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. Histologically, giant cell angioblastoma is comprised of nodular aggregates of histiocytoid cells arranged around bland angiomatous spaces. Because of insufficient available data in regard to the definition of the entity, diagnostic criteria and its biological potential, it is not included in the new World Health Organization classification of tumors of soft tissue and bone. The differential diagnosis includes plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor, myofibroma and giant cell fibroblastoma. PMID:24179639

  14. Localized Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Hip: Sudden-Onset Pain Caused by Torsion of the Tumor Pedicle

    PubMed Central

    Kaneuji, Ayumi; Kinoshita, Eriko; Numata, Yuhei; Nojima, Takayuki; Matsumoto, Tadami

    2013-01-01

    Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a rare, benign, but potentially locally aggressive disease that should be considered in younger patients who present with monoarticular joint symptoms and pathology. We present the case of a 33-year-old woman with a mass arising from her right hip joint that was examined using a multimodal radiological approach. Because her clinical presentation mimicked that of synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip, surgical dislocation was performed. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed the diagnosis of localized pigmented villonodular synovitis, with the mass consisting of proliferation of fibrohistiocytic cells, abundant hemosiderin, foamy histiocytes, and occasional giant cells. Because of the presence of tumor necrosis, we hypothesize that torsion of the tumor pedicle was the cause of acute presentation. PMID:24324906

  15. Pulmonary mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor in a lung transplant patient: progression without therapy and response to therapy.

    PubMed

    Franco, M; Amoroso, A; Burke, A P; Britt, E J; Reed, R M

    2015-06-01

    Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor (MSP) represents a rare, non-malignant, mass-forming reaction to various mycobacterial infections, typically occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is characterized by the proliferation of spindle-shaped fibrohistiocytic cells without the formation of epithelioid granulomas. Without staining for acid-fast bacilli, histological distinction from other spindle cell lesions, including malignancy, can be difficult. Most of the MSP cases reported in the literature have involved lymph nodes, skin, spleen, or bone marrow, but rarely involve the lung. MSP predominately occurs in patients who are immunosuppressed. We present a patient with MSP of the transplanted lung caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria, in whom both the natural course of the untreated pseudotumor as well as the response to antimycobacterial treatments were observed. PMID:25846671

  16. Utility of fluorescence in situ hybridization to detect MDM2 amplification in liposarcomas and their morphological mimics

    PubMed Central

    Kimura, Hiroaki; Dobashi, Yoh; Nojima, Takayuki; Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Norio; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki; Ikeda, Hiroko; Sawada-Kitamura, Seiko; Oyama, Takeru; Ooi, Akishi

    2013-01-01

    The atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT)/well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS) and the de-differentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) represent the most common category of liposarcomas. ALT/WDLSs and DDLSs are often difficult to distinguish from other tumors with similar morphological characteristics. In this study, we investigated whether the detection of amplified or overexpressed murine double-minute 2 (MDM2) can be a useful diagnostic ancillary aid. We used fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to detect MDM2 amplification and protein overexpression, respectively, in 49 WDLSs, 5 DDLSs, 23 myxoid liposarcomas, 25 benign lipomatous tumors, and 75 spindle and pleomorphic sarcomas. MDM2 amplification was detected in 48 of 49 WDLSs, 5 of 5 DDLSs, 2 of 9 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and 2 of 10 myxofibrosarcomas. We did not detect MDM2 amplification in any of the benign lipomatous tumors. FISH-mediated detection of MDM2 amplification was the most valuable diagnostic aid for ALT/WDLS, as determined by using the Fisher exact test to compare two different diagnoses of 19 biopsies. On the contrary, unequivocal nuclear overexpression of MDM2 was found in only 10 of 50 ALT/WDLSs. The sensitivity and specificity of MDM2 amplification in distinguishing a DDLS from spindle and pleomorphic sarcomas were 100% and 95%, respectively, while those of MDM2 overexpression were 100% and 87%, respectively. In conclusion, our results indicate that FISH-mediated detection of MDM2 amplification is the most useful adjunct in the diagnosis of both ALT/WDLS and DDLS. However, IHC-mediated detection of MDM2 protein is useful only for the diagnosis of DDLS. PMID:23826411

  17. Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face and neck.

    PubMed

    Malik, A; Jagmohan, P; Thukral, B B; Khanna, G; Rajni

    2004-08-01

    Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis is a rare clinicopathologic entity characterized by infiltrating lipomatous tumors which, although of benign nature, have a tendency to recur after surgery. This has a predilection for the extremities and the trunk and is seen as overgrowth of soft tissue and bone. It rarely affects the face and neck. We describe two cases of congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of face and neck depicting the bone and soft tissue changes seen on computed tomography, along with a review of the literature on the subject. PMID:15515519

  18. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa involving multiple nerves.

    PubMed

    Rohilla, Seema; Jain, Nitin; Sharma, Rambaksh; Dhaulakhandi, Dhara B

    2012-03-01

    Macrodystrophia lipomatosa (MDL), a rare congenital disorder, is considered by some to be a localized form of Proteus syndrome. The implication of the PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) gene in both strengthens this belief. We present a case who had MDL in multiple nerve territories--all on the same side of the body--with hypertrophy of mainly fibroadipose tissue throughout their distribution, thus pointing to a form of localized hemihypertrophy; both hemihypertrophy and lipomatous tumors are components of Proteus syndrome. PMID:21948052

  19. Adiposis dolorosa.

    PubMed

    Schaffer, Panta Rouhani; Hale, Christopher S; Meehan, Shane A; Shupack, Jerome L; Ramachandran, Sarika

    2014-12-01

    We report a 46-year-old woman with a nine-year history of obesity; chronic diffuse pain in the adipose tissue of her medial upper arms, lower trunk, and thighs; multiple biopsy-proven lipomas and angiolipomas; and a lipomatous pseudomass of the breast. Her systemic symptoms included generalized weakness, fatigue, memory impairment, and arthralgias. Although some of the lesions were tender, most were only appreciated with palpation. Her clinical history and histopathologic data suggested adiposis dolorosa (Dercum's disease). Owing to the chronic pain, an interdisciplinary approach with the use of analgesics and doxycycline has been initiated. PMID:25526345

  20. Case Report: Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of face.

    PubMed

    Rajeswaran, Rangasami; Murthy, Jyotsna; Chandrasekharan, Anupama; Joseph, Santhosh

    2008-11-01

    Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face is a rare condition characterized by diffuse fatty infiltration of the facial soft tissues. There may be muscle involvement along with associated bony hyperplasia. It is a type of lipomatous tumor that is congenital in origin; it is rare and seen usually in childhood. We recently saw an 11-year-old girl with this condition. She presented with a swelling of the right side of the face that had been present since birth; there were typical findings on plain radiographs, CT, and MRI. The patient underwent cosmetic surgery. Histopathological examination showed mature adipocytes without any capsule. PMID:19774187

  1. MR imaging of soft tissue masses in children.

    PubMed

    Stein-Wexler, Rebecca

    2009-08-01

    This article discusses the role of MR imaging in the evaluation of musculoskeletal soft tissue masses, reviewing limitations in its ability to establish tissue diagnosis and its critical role in determining lesion extent. It also reviews benign soft tissue masses, such as fibrous lesions, popliteal cysts, lipomatous lesions, and neurofibromatous tumors. Reactive entities, such as abscess, myositis ossificans, and hemangioma, are discussed. Differentiation between high- and low-flow vascular and lymphatic anomalies is reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion of the uncommon malignant musculoskeletal soft tissue tumors, focusing on infantile fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, and granulocytic sarcoma. PMID:19524198

  2. Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome: metaphyseal chondrodysplasia in children with pancreatic insufficiency and neutropenia.

    PubMed

    Levin, Terry L; Mäkitie, Outi; Berdon, Walter E; Lachman, Ralph S

    2015-07-01

    Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (OMIM 260400) was identified in 1964 by pediatricians Harry Shwachman, a leader in cystic fibrosis, and Louis K. Diamond, a hematologist, along with pediatrician and morbid anatomist Martin Bodian. Initially the syndrome's clinical presentation included exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (lipomatous replacement of the pancreas) and neutropenia. In 1967 skeletal changes of metaphyseal chondrodysplasia were also described, completing the triad of findings; these abnormalities are present in all affected children and should be viewed as an integral feature of the syndrome, also called Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. PMID:25416932

  3. Perirenal myelolipoma diagnosed on imprint: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Brandler, Tamar C; Reder, Ilan; Kahn, Leonard

    2015-03-01

    Myelolipomas are benign tumors containing adipose tissue and hematopoeitic elements which occur most commonly in the adrenal glands. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are uncommon with few cases of renal and perirenal myelolipomas in the literature. These cases may be difficult to diagnose based on radiology alone and intraoperative diagnosis can be extremely important in determining the course of surgery. Due to the lipomatous component of the tumor it may be technically difficult to prepare adequate frozen sections; this problem can be obviated by utilization of cytologic imprint preparations. We present a case of perirenal myelolipoma diagnosed intraoperatively utilizing cytologic imprint preparations stained with toluidine blue and hematoxylin and eosin. PMID:24895157

  4. Myolipoma of Mesentery: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hyun Sung; Kim, Suk; Kim, Kyungbin; Choi, Kyung Un; Kim, Joo Youn

    2013-01-01

    Myolipomas are very rare benign lipomatous soft tissue tumors which are usually located in retroperitoneum, abdominal and pelvic cavity, and the abdominal wall. They can be diagnosed histologically by the presence of irregularly admixed mature adipose tissue and smooth muscle fibers. The correct diagnosis of myolipoma is important, because it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions of the soft tissue and should follow a benign clinical course despite its frequently large size and deep location. We report here a case of myolipoma arising in the mesentery of the jejunum. PMID:24459598

  5. Combined Liposuction and Excision of Lipomas: Long-Term Evaluation of a Large Sample of Patients

    PubMed Central

    Copeland-Halperin, Libby R.; Pimpinella, Vincenza

    2015-01-01

    Background. Lipomas are benign tumors of mature fat cells. They can be removed by liposuction, yet this technique is seldom employed because of concerns that removal may be incomplete and recurrence may be more frequent than after conventional excision. Objectives. We assessed the short- and long-term clinical outcomes and recurrence of combined liposuction and limited surgical excision of subcutaneous lipomas. Methods. From 2003 to 2012, 25 patients with 48 lipomas were treated with liposuction followed by direct excision through the same incision to remove residual lipomatous tissue. Initial postoperative follow-up ranged from 1 week to 3 months, and long-term outcomes, complications, and recurrence were surveyed 1 to 10 years postoperatively. Results. Lipomas on the head, neck, trunk, and extremities ranged from 1 to 15?cm in diameter. Early postoperative hematoma and seromas were managed by aspiration. Among 23 survey respondents (92%), patients were uniformly pleased with the cosmetic results; none reported recurrent lipoma. Conclusions. The combination of liposuction and excision is a safe alternative for lipoma removal; malignancy and recurrence are uncommon. Liposuction performed through a small incision provides satisfactory aesthetic results in most cases. Once reduced in size, residual lipomatous and capsular tissue can be removed without expanding the incision. These favorable outcomes support wider application of this technique in appropriate cases. PMID:25694827

  6. Combined liposuction and excision of lipomas: long-term evaluation of a large sample of patients.

    PubMed

    Copeland-Halperin, Libby R; Pimpinella, Vincenza; Copeland, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Background. Lipomas are benign tumors of mature fat cells. They can be removed by liposuction, yet this technique is seldom employed because of concerns that removal may be incomplete and recurrence may be more frequent than after conventional excision. Objectives. We assessed the short- and long-term clinical outcomes and recurrence of combined liposuction and limited surgical excision of subcutaneous lipomas. Methods. From 2003 to 2012, 25 patients with 48 lipomas were treated with liposuction followed by direct excision through the same incision to remove residual lipomatous tissue. Initial postoperative follow-up ranged from 1 week to 3 months, and long-term outcomes, complications, and recurrence were surveyed 1 to 10 years postoperatively. Results. Lipomas on the head, neck, trunk, and extremities ranged from 1 to 15?cm in diameter. Early postoperative hematoma and seromas were managed by aspiration. Among 23 survey respondents (92%), patients were uniformly pleased with the cosmetic results; none reported recurrent lipoma. Conclusions. The combination of liposuction and excision is a safe alternative for lipoma removal; malignancy and recurrence are uncommon. Liposuction performed through a small incision provides satisfactory aesthetic results in most cases. Once reduced in size, residual lipomatous and capsular tissue can be removed without expanding the incision. These favorable outcomes support wider application of this technique in appropriate cases. PMID:25694827

  7. Labile iron in cells and body fluids: physiology, pathology, and pharmacology

    PubMed Central

    Cabantchik, Zvi Ioav

    2014-01-01

    In living systems iron appears predominantly associated with proteins, but can also be detected in forms referred as labile iron, which denotes the combined redox properties of iron and its amenability to exchange between ligands, including chelators. The labile cell iron (LCI) composition varies with metal concentration and substances with chelating groups but also with pH and the medium redox potential. Although physiologically in the lower ?M range, LCI plays a key role in cell iron economy as cross-roads of metabolic pathways. LCI levels are continually regulated by an iron-responsive machinery that balances iron uptake versus deposition into ferritin. However, LCI rises aberrantly in some cell types due to faulty cell utilization pathways or infiltration by pathological iron forms that are found in hemosiderotic plasma. As LCI attains pathological levels, it can catalyze reactive O species (ROS) formation that, at particular threshold, can surpass cellular anti-oxidant capacities and seriously damage its constituents. While in normal plasma and interstitial fluids, virtually all iron is securely carried by circulating transferrin (Tf; that renders iron essentially non-labile), in systemic iron overload (IO), the total plasma iron binding capacity is often surpassed by a massive iron influx from hyperabsorptive gut or from erythrocyte overburdened spleen and/or liver. As plasma Tf approaches iron saturation, labile plasma iron (LPI) emerges in forms that can infiltrate cells by unregulated routes and raise LCI to toxic levels. Despite the limited knowledge available on LPI speciation in different types and degrees of IO, LPI measurements can be and are in fact used for identifying systemic IO and for initiating/adjusting chelation regimens to attain full-day LPI protection. A recent application of labile iron assay is the detection of labile components in intravenous iron formulations per se as well as in plasma (LPI) following parenteral iron administration. PMID:24659969

  8. Pleomorphic Lipoma of the Tongue as Potential Mimic of Liposarcoma

    PubMed Central

    D’Antonio, Antonio; Locatelli, Giampiero; Liguori, Giuseppina; Addesso, Maria

    2013-01-01

    We herein report a rare case of pleomorphic lipoma of the tongue with a review of world literature. A 44-year-old woman presented with a nodule of the tongue that had been present for over three years. Clinical examination revealed a yellowish sub-mucosal lesion, measuring 3 cm in maximum diameter, protruding from lingual surface. A first biopsy showed a lipomatous tumour composed of mature adipocytes intermingled with myxoid areas composed of spindle uniform in size and shape and multinucleated floret-like giant cells. Spindle and giant cells were positive for CD34. A diagnosis of pleomorphic lipoma was made. In view of the benign nature of this mass, it was de-bulked rather than completely excised in order to preserve swallowing function. PMID:23723609

  9. Dysarthria, progressive parkinsonian features and symmetric necrosis of putamen in a family with painful lipomas (Dercum disease variant).

    PubMed

    Kyllerman, M; Brandberg, G; Wiklund, L-M; Månsson, J-E

    2002-04-01

    We describe painful subcutaneous lipomatosis in four members of a two-generation family. Lipomas appeared in adulthood, were circumscribed, painful on touch and mainly localized to the trunk and proximal parts of the extremities. The disorder was associated with dysarthria, visual pursuit defect and progressive dystonia. MRI showed bilateral increasing cystic lesions in the basal parts of the putamen. No other abnormalities were detected. The lesions corresponded well with the clinical presentation in the patients. Investigation for mitochondrial disease with muscle biopsy and mitochondrial DNA gave normal results. No consistent biochemical changes were found. The disorder in this family was considered to differ from MERRF with lipomatous lesions and multiple symmetric lipomatosis but compatible with a Dercum disease variant. PMID:12075486

  10. Neoplasms involving the heart, their simulators, and adverse consequences of their therapy

    PubMed Central

    2001-01-01

    Primary cardiac tumors involving the heart may be either benign or malignant. Most of the benign tumors are myxomas, which are most commonly located in the left atrium. Primary malignant neoplasms usually involve the myocardium and the interior of the cardiac cavities, whereas neoplasms metastatic to the heart most commonly involve pericardium, and pericardial effusion and constriction are the most common consequences. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are becoming the most useful instruments of precision for the diagnosis of cardiac tumors. Pericardial cysts, teratomas, lipomatous hypertrophy of the atrial septum, papillary fibroelastomas, thrombi, and sarcoid are frequently mistaken for cardiac neoplasms. There are a number of cardiac consequences of malignancy, including radiation heart disease, cardiac hemorrhages, cardiac infection, cardiac adiposity or the corticosteroidtreated heart, cardiac hemosiderosis, and toxicity due to anthracycline chemotherapy. PMID:16369647

  11. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis

    PubMed Central

    Balaji, S. M.

    2012-01-01

    Congenital diffuse infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CDIL-F) is a rare pathological entity belonging to the subgroup of lipomatous tumors. Till date only a handful of cases has been documented and known to occur exclusively in infancy. On microscopical examination, it is characterized by diffuse infiltration of mature adipose tissue over normal muscle fibers, rapid growth, associated osseous hyperplasia, and a high recurrence rate after surgical intervention. An attempt has been made to identify and characterize all the 49 documented cases of CDIL-F in literature along with describing a report of a male child with CDIL-F. Follow-up of 8 years has been documented. The pathogenesis and spectrum of treatment modality are discussed with identified clinical features. PMID:23483013

  12. Encephalocraniocutaneous Lipomatosis (Haberl and syndrome): A case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Koti, Kalyan; Bhimireddy, Vijayalakshmi; Dandamudi, Srinivas; Gunnamreddy, Ramanareddy

    2013-05-01

    Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by presence of central nervous system, ocular and cutaneous anomalies. The exact pathogenesis is still not known. We present the third case from the Indian subcontinent, who is a five year old girl with history of right sided seizures. Dermatological examination showed alopecia on right side of the scalp and ipsilateral limbal dermoid and nodular skin tags over the upper eyelid. The computerized tomography scan of the brain revealed porencephalic cyst, cerebral calcifications and atrophy of right brain. The histopathology of the skin lesions showed lipomatous hamartoma and features of non scarring alopecia. The constellation of these findings and in adherence to the diagnostic criteria of ECCL proposed in 2009, we consider this report as a definite case of ECCL. PMID:23723477

  13. A Case of Cellular Fibrous Histiocytoma on the Right Elbow with Repeated Relapse within a Short Period

    PubMed Central

    Tsunoda, Kanako; Oikawa, Hiroki; Maeda, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Kazuhiro; Akasaka, Toshihide

    2015-01-01

    Cellular fibrous histiocytoma, a variant of fibrous histiocytoma, is a designation used for lesions showing increased cellularity with a fascicular growth pattern and frequent extension into the subcutis. Here we describe a case of cellular fibrous histiocytoma showing repeated recurrence in a 36-year-old woman who initially presented with a 2-cm cutaneous tumor on her right elbow. Histopathologically, the first resected specimen demonstrated irregularly arranged collagen fibers mixed with scattered proliferating plump to spindle-shaped fibrohistiocytes. However, examination of the resected specimens obtained after recurrence showed that the cellularity had increased, the spindle-shaped cells showing monomorphic proliferation with a fascicular and storiform growth pattern extending into the subcutis, as well as an increase of Ki-67 positivity. Since the lesion showed repeated relapse within a short period, we performed wide-field resection of the tumor with a 3-cm margin. Currently, 48 months after surgery, there has been no local recurrence or metastasis, but continuous strict follow-up will be necessary. PMID:25759652

  14. A Case of Cellular Fibrous Histiocytoma on the Right Elbow with Repeated Relapse within a Short Period.

    PubMed

    Tsunoda, Kanako; Oikawa, Hiroki; Maeda, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Kazuhiro; Akasaka, Toshihide

    2015-01-01

    Cellular fibrous histiocytoma, a variant of fibrous histiocytoma, is a designation used for lesions showing increased cellularity with a fascicular growth pattern and frequent extension into the subcutis. Here we describe a case of cellular fibrous histiocytoma showing repeated recurrence in a 36-year-old woman who initially presented with a 2-cm cutaneous tumor on her right elbow. Histopathologically, the first resected specimen demonstrated irregularly arranged collagen fibers mixed with scattered proliferating plump to spindle-shaped fibrohistiocytes. However, examination of the resected specimens obtained after recurrence showed that the cellularity had increased, the spindle-shaped cells showing monomorphic proliferation with a fascicular and storiform growth pattern extending into the subcutis, as well as an increase of Ki-67 positivity. Since the lesion showed repeated relapse within a short period, we performed wide-field resection of the tumor with a 3-cm margin. Currently, 48 months after surgery, there has been no local recurrence or metastasis, but continuous strict follow-up will be necessary. PMID:25759652

  15. Plaque-like dermatofibroma: A distinct and rare benign neoplasm?

    PubMed

    Leow, Liang Joo; Sinclair, Peter A; Horton, Jeremy J

    2008-05-01

    Unusual large dermatofibromata are reported in a 40-year-old man and a 48-year-old man, who both presented with plaques on a lower limb. The largest plaque in each case was well-defined, reddish brown, indurated and measured 50 mm x 30 mm and 70 mm x 40 mm, respectively. Several satellite lesions were present around the large plaques. Dermoscopic examination showed diffuse homogenous pigmentation in the absence of other diagnostic criteria for dermatofibroma. Light microscopy of biopsies from each patient displayed similar features. There was a dermal proliferation of fibrohistiocytic cells that entrapped intervening thickened collagen fibres. The overlying epidermis was acanthotic, and in some instances this showed basal hyperpigmentation. There was no evidence of malignancy. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for Factor XIIIa and negative for CD34. Based on the histological findings, a diagnosis of dermatofibroma was made for each of these cases. Fewer than 20 adult cases of large dermatofibroma of this scale, designated giant dermatofibroma, have been reported to date; and only two have shown a plaque-like appearance, the remainder being pedunculated. The authors propose plaque-like dermatofibroma as a variety of large dermatofibroma distinct to pedunculated giant dermatofibroma. PMID:18412813

  16. Painful Late Recurrence of Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans of Breast in a Centurian Female

    PubMed Central

    Roy, Asitava Deb; Nishant, Kumar; Joshi, Deepti

    2013-01-01

    Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) of the breast is rare. Late and painful local recurrence of this entity on this site is even more uncommon. We describe such a case in a 102-year-old woman, who at the age of 77 years had been operated for a breast lump for which only a cytopathological diagnosis of fibrohistiocytic tumour was available. Twenty years later, she noticed a small mass in her right breast over the postsurgical scar area, which gradually increased in size over the last five years. She presented to the surgical out-patient clinic with pain and redness over the swelling. Wide local excision of the tumor with generous tissue margin was performed under intercostal block on account of her age and suboptimal cardiac status. The microscopic and immunohistochemical findings established the diagnosis of recurrent DFSP. We report an exceptionally rare case of local recurrence of DFSP in the female breast and discuss in detail the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of this pathology. PMID:24298499

  17. Expression of nerve growth factor receptor in paraffin-embedded soft tissue tumors.

    PubMed Central

    Perosio, P. M.; Brooks, J. J.

    1988-01-01

    Identification of growth factors and receptors in mesenchymal tumors may be crucial to understanding of growth regulation in sarcomas. During an immunohistochemical study of the expression of growth factors and receptors in human soft tissue tumors (STT), only 1 antisera capable of working in paraffin-embedded tissue was noted. A detailed study of 141 STT was undertaken to determine the frequency of expression of nerve growth factor receptor (NGF-R), its specificity and sensitivity for neural tumors, and the effect of fixation on detection. In normal mesenchymal tissue, only nerve sheath and perivascular staining was seen. No immunoreactivity was seen in many tumors including rhabdomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma, liposarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and alveolar soft part sarcoma. Less than 15% of tumors of smooth muscle, fibrous, or fibrohistiocytic origin showed immunoreactivity, usually focal. In contrast, a high frequency of immunoreactivity was noted in tumors of neural origin (74%). This included granular cell tumors (100%), Schwannoma/neurofibroma (91%), malignant Schwannoma (78%), neuroblastoma/neuroepithelioma (60%), and paraganglioma (57%). A high rate of reactivity was also seen in synovial sarcomas (80%), undifferentiated sarcomas (60%), and hemangiopericytomas (43%), suggesting a potential relationship to the neural phenotype. Among the neural tumors, Bouin's fixation was superior to formalin, suggesting that immunoreactivity for NGF-R is affected by fixation. This antibody may be a useful adjunct marker diagnostically. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 9 Figure 10 PMID:2456020

  18. Malignant giant cell tumor of the tendon sheaths and joints (malignant pigmented villonodular synovitis).

    PubMed

    Bertoni, F; Unni, K K; Beabout, J W; Sim, F H

    1997-02-01

    Malignant pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare lesion whose existence may be debatable. We studied eight cases that we consider to be examples of malignant PVNS. The three male and five female patients were aged 12 to 79 years. The knee was involved in three cases; the ankle in two; and the cheek, dorsum of the foot, and thigh in one each. Four patients had swelling for 6 months to 17 years before presentation. Three cases of malignant PVNS were secondary, arising in patients in whom PVNS had been documented previously, and five cases were primary, with histologic features similar to those of the secondary ones. Important histologic features of malignancy were (a) a nodular, solid infiltrative pattern of the lesion; (b) large, plump, round or oval cells with deep eosino philic cytoplasm and indistinct borders; (c) large nuclei with prominent nucleoli; and (d) necrotic areas. Atypical mitoses were occasionally seen. Four patients died with pulmonary metastasis (two also had metastasis to inguinal lymph nodes). Four patients are alive from 3 1/2 to 5 years after the last surgical treatment. The malignant nature of this lesion, the histologic architecture similar to that of PVNS, and the fibrohistiocytic appearance of the cells suggest that malignant PVNS is an entity. PMID:9042281

  19. Detection of MDM2 gene amplification or protein expression distinguishes sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis from inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma.

    PubMed

    Weaver, Joshua; Goldblum, John R; Turner, Sondra; Tubbs, Raymond R; Wang, Wei-Lein; Lazar, Alexander Jf; Rubin, Brian P

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory liposarcoma is a variant of well-differentiated liposarcoma/atypical lipomatous tumor that consists of a mixture of lymphocytes, histiocytes, scattered atypical stromal cells, mature adipocytes, and rarely lipoblasts. When the inflammatory infiltrate predominates, the morphological features overlap with various fibroinflammatory disorders including sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis, making the diagnosis difficult. Well-differentiated liposarcoma/atypical lipomatous tumor and dedifferentiated liposarcoma have characteristic molecular markers in the form of giant marker and ring chromosomes consisting of amplicons of 12q13-15, which includes MDM2. MDM2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) (Zymed; clone IF2) and dual color fluorescence in situ hybridization utilizing MDM2 (12q15) and chromosome 12 centromeric probes were performed on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens from inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma (17 cases), sclerosing mesenteritis (14 cases), and idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (10 cases). MDM2 expression as detected by IHC is a very sensitive tool in recognizing inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma (17 of 17); however, 21% (3 of 14) and 10% (1 of 10) of sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis, respectively, displayed weak MDM2 immunoexpression. The MDM2 fluorescence in situ hybridization assay was very specific for inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma as 15 of 17 (88%) cases showed MDM2 amplification, whereas none of the cases of sclerosing mesenteritis or idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis showed amplification. Five cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis were noncontributory secondary to autofluorescence, potentially limiting the usefulness of the assay in certain situations such as inappropriate fixation. Increased MDM2 expression and/or MDM2 amplification can be employed to aid discrimination of inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma from fibroinflammatory mimics. MDM2 fluorescence in situ hybridization is a very specific method (100%), but less sensitive (88%), whereas MDM2 expression by IHC is very sensitive (100%), but less specific (83%). Therefore, a positive screen of difficult cases with MDM2 IHC would require confirmation by the fluorescence in situ hybridization. However, lack of MDM2 immunoexpression would rule out the possibility of inflammatory well-differentiated liposarcoma. PMID:18836421

  20. MRI Features of Spinal Epidural Angiolipomas

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Su; Hu, Xiao-yun; Wang, Xi-ming; Dai, Hui; Fang, Xiang-ming; Cui, Lei

    2013-01-01

    Objective To describe the MRI findings in ten patients of spinal epidural angiolipoma for differentiated diagnosis presurgery. Materials and Methods Ten surgically proved cases of spinal epidural angiolipomas were retrospectively reviewed, and the lesion was classified according to the MR findings. Results Ten tumors were located in the superior (n = 4), middle (n = 2), or inferior (n = 4) thoracic level. The mass, with the spindle shape, was located in the posterior epidural space and extended parallel to the long axis of the spine. All lesions contained a fat and vascular element. The vascular content, correlating with the presence of hypointense regions on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and hyperintense signals on T2-weighted imaging, had marked enhancement. However, there were no flow void signs on MR images. All tumors were divided into two types based on the MR features. In type 1 (n = 3), the mass was predominantly composed of lipomatous tissue (> 50%) and contained only a few small angiomatous regions, which had a trabeculated or mottled appear. In type 2 (n = 7), the mass, however, was predominantly composed of vascular components (> 50%), which presented as large foci in the center of the mass. Conclusion Most spinal epidural angiolipomas exhibit hyperintensity on T1WI while the hypointense region on the noncontrast T1WI indicates to be vascular, which manifests an obvious enhancement with gadolinium administration. PMID:24043978

  1. Molecular and Functional Characterization of Three Different Postzygotic Mutations in PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS) Patients: Effects on PI3K/AKT/mTOR Signaling and Sensitivity to PIK3 Inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Forte, Giovanna; Bagnulo, Rosanna; Stella, Alessandro; Lastella, Patrizia; Cutrone, Mario; Benedicenti, Francesco; Susca, Francesco C.; Patruno, Margherita; Varvara, Dora; Germani, Aldo; Chessa, Luciana; Laforgia, Nicola; Tenconi, Romano; Simone, Cristiano; Resta, Nicoletta

    2015-01-01

    Background PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) include a group of disorders that affect only the terminal portion of a limb, such as type I macrodactyly, and conditions like fibroadipose overgrowth (FAO), megalencephaly-capillary malformation (MCAP) syndrome, congenital lipomatous asymmetric overgrowth of the trunk, lymphatic, capillary, venous, and combined-type vascular malformations, epidermal nevi, skeletal and spinal anomalies (CLOVES) syndrome and Hemihyperplasia Multiple Lipomatosis (HHML). Heterozygous postzygotic PIK3CA mutations are frequently identified in these syndromes, while timing and tissue specificity of the mutational event are likely responsible for the extreme phenotypic variability observed. Methods We carried out a combination of Sanger sequencing and targeted deep sequencing of genes involved in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in three patients (1 MCAP and 2 FAO) to identify causative mutations, and performed immunoblot analyses to assay the phosphorylation status of AKT and P70S6K in affected dermal fibroblasts. In addition, we evaluated their ability to grow in the absence of serum and their response to the PI3K inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002 in vitro. Results and Conclusion Our data indicate that patients’ cells showed constitutive activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Of note, PI3K pharmacological blockade resulted in a significant reduction of the proliferation rate in culture, suggesting that inhibition of PI3K might prove beneficial in future therapies for PROS patients. PMID:25915946

  2. Immunohistochemical, cytogenetic, and molecular cytogenetic characterization of both components of a dedifferentiated liposarcoma: implications for histogenesis.

    PubMed

    Nishio, Jun; Iwasaki, Hiroshi; Nabeshima, Kazuki; Naito, Masatoshi

    2015-01-01

    Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) is a malignant adipocytic tumor showing transition from an atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT)/well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS) to a non-lipogenic sarcoma of variable histological grades. We present the immunohistochemical, cytogenetic, and molecular cytogenetic findings of DDLS arising in the right chest wall of a 76-year-old man. Magnetic resonance imaging exhibited a large mass composed of two components with heterogeneous signal intensities, suggesting the coexistence of a fatty area and another soft tissue component. The grossly heterogeneous mass was histologically composed of an ALT/WDLS component transitioning abruptly into a dedifferentiated component. Immunohistochemistry was positive for murine double-minute 2 (MDM2), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), and p16 in both components, although a more strong and diffuse staining was found in the dedifferentiated area. The MIB-1 labeling index was extremely higher in the dedifferentiated area compared to the ALT/WDLS area. Cytogenetic analysis of the ALT/WDLS component revealed the following karyotype: 46,X,-Y,+r. Notably, cytogenetic analysis of the dedifferentiated component revealed a similar but more complex karyotype. Spectral karyotyping demonstrated that the ring chromosome was entirely composed of material from chromosome 12. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis revealed amplification of MDM2 and CDK4 in both components. These findings suggest that multiple abnormal clones derived from a single precursor cell would be present in DDLS, with one or more containing supernumerary rings or giant marker chromosomes. PMID:25550570

  3. [The value of radical surgical treatment in benign symmetric lipomatosis].

    PubMed

    Gog?lniceanu, D; Trandafir, Daniela; Trandafir, Violeta; Costan, V V

    2005-01-01

    Benign symmetric lipomatosis (BSL) is a rare proliferative disorder of the adipose tissue, characterized by symmetrical fat deposits, predominantly in the neck and shoulder area, upper back and arms. This study contains the analyse of a lot of ten patients with BSL, which were surgical treated in our department between 1994-2004. The followed parameters were: sex, age, heredo-collateral antecedents, associated organic diseases, the motivation of medical addressability, the sites of first lesions, the length of evolution before the admission, methods for diagnosis, number of surgical sessions necessary to extirpation of fat deposits, the results of the periodic follow-up examination. The followed patients with BSL were treated by surgery (extirpation of the cervical fat masses): one surgical session (8 cases) or two sessions (2 cases). The morphological, functional and psychic results were good. Recurrence at the site of surgery was not detected in any follow-up subjects. The elective treatment in BSL is surgical, by extirpation of the lipomatous masses; a satisfactory, lasting result can be expected only after the most radical possible extirpation (not only for cosmetic intentions). PMID:16607847

  4. Posterior mediastinal ganglioneuroma with peripheral replacement by white and brown adipocytes resulting in diagnostic fallacy from a false-positive 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography finding: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Ganglioneuroma is a rare tumor in the posterior mediastinum; fat-containing ganglioneuromas are rarely reported. The present case report documents a brown fat-containing, posterior mediastinal ganglioneuroma, which has not been reported previously. Radiological examination, in particular 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography, suggested that the tumor had low-grade malignant potential. This led to uncertainty at preoperative diagnosis. Case presentation An asymptomatic 66-year-old Japanese woman with no significant past medical history was referred for the evaluation of a posterior mediastinal mass. Although its size had not changed in the past 5 years, a malignant lipomatous tumor could not be excluded due to the presence of intratumoral fat and increased 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose uptake observed by positron emission tomography imaging. A computed tomography-guided core-needle biopsy revealed a mixture of mature adipocytes, spindle-shaped cells, and fibrotic stroma. Definite diagnosis was not possible, and surgical resection was performed. Three years after the surgery, she remains disease-free. Conclusions Histological diagnosis of the surgically resected mass confirmed ganglioneuroma with substantial amounts of white and brown adipose tissues in peripheral areas. The existence of both ganglion cells and brown fat tissue intensified the accumulation of 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose, resulting in a false-positive result by positron emission tomography. Considering this, ganglioneuroma should not be excluded either clinically or pathologically in fat-containing, posterior mediastinal tumors. PMID:25319096

  5. Mullerian choristoma in a case of spinal dysraphism.

    PubMed

    Kwatra, Kanwardeep Singh; Paul, Preethi A M; Calton, Nalini; George, Shubhra

    2015-01-01

    It is extremely rare to find mullerian choristomas in association with spinal dysraphism, with <10 cases published in English literature. We report a case of heterotopic uterus and fallopian tube-like tissue within a lumbar subcutaneous lipoma associated with spina bifida and tethered cord. A 21-year-old lady presented with lumbar swelling since birth and dull pain in the lower back. Magnetic resonance imaging showed spina bifida at level L3 and L4, tethering of the cord and a subcutaneous lipomatous swelling. Biopsy revealed lobules of fibroadipose tissue embedded in which were seen organoid cystic structures containing prominent smooth muscle coats in their wall. These cystic structures were lined by the endometrium and showed fallopian tube-like papillary infoldings. Immunohistochemistry showed estrogen receptor positivity in the epithelium, stroma, and smooth muscles. The epithelial cells were also positive for cancer antigen 125 and cytokeratin 7 while the stromal cells showed CD10 positivity, supporting mullerian derivation. The pathogenesis and differential diagnosis of such lesions is discussed. PMID:25885142

  6. Dynamic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT in hibernoma: Enhanced tracer uptake mimicking liposarcoma

    PubMed Central

    Sachpekidis, Christos; Roumia, Safwan; Schwarzbach, Matthias; Dimitrakopoulou-Strauss, Antonia

    2013-01-01

    We report on two cases of patients with fat-equivalent masses in computed tomography (CT), referred to our department for dynamic positron emission tomography/CT (dPET/CT) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) in order to investigate their dignity. Both qualitative and quantitative information, as derived from dPET/CTs, couldn’t exclude a high-grade liposarcoma: Visual evaluation, revealed a large hypermetabolic focus of intense 18F-FDG uptake in each patient (average SUVs 8.3 and 11.3). Regression-based parametric imaging demonstrated an enhanced distribution volume, which correlates to perfusion, and a high phosphorylation rate that correlates to cell viability. Kinetic analysis, based on a two-tissue compartment model demonstrated an enhanced FDG transport k1 and an enhanced phosphorylation rate k3. A non-compartmental approach based on fractal dimension revealed also enhanced values. However, final diagnosis was based on biopsy, which revealed hibernoma, a benign brown fat tumor. Brown adipose contains increased numbers of mitochondria and a high-rate of glucose metabolism. Therefore, they have increased FDG uptake. The evaluation of lipomatous lesions on CT, with high FDG uptake, should include the possibility of hibernoma as a differential diagnosis. PMID:24379937

  7. Pancreatic steatosis: Is it related to either obesity or diabetes mellitus?

    PubMed Central

    Pezzilli, Raffaele; Calculli, Lucia

    2014-01-01

    The accumulation of fat in the pancreatic gland has been referred to using various synonyms, such as pancreatic lipomatosis, fatty replacement, fatty infiltration, fatty pancreas, lipomatous pseudohypertrophy, non-alcoholic fatty pancreatic disease and pancreatic steatosis We believe that pancreatic steatosis is the best description of fat accumulation in the pancreatic gland without fat replacement, and this term also describes the possibility that the fat accumulation is a reversible process. A review of the existing literature was carried out, and it was found that there was notable evidence from both the pathological and the imaging point of view that pancreatic steatosis is an increasing problem due to the increasing incidence of obesity. The conclusion was that pancreatic steatosis was easily detectable using modern imaging techniques, such as ultrasonography, endoscopic ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Pancreatic steatosis was not due to the presence of diabetes mellitus but was highly associated with the metabolic syndrome. The possible presence of steatopancreatitis should be better evaluated, especially regarding the inflammatory cascade, and additional studies are needed which are capable of assessing whether non-alcoholic steatopancreatitis really exists as does non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Finally, the presence of exocrine pancreatic function should be extensively evaluated in patients with pancreatic steatosis. PMID:25126389

  8. T1 signal hyperintensity in the sellar region: spectrum of findings.

    PubMed

    Bonneville, Fabrice; Cattin, Françoise; Marsot-Dupuch, Kathlyn; Dormont, Didier; Bonneville, Jean-François; Chiras, Jacques

    2006-01-01

    T1 signal hyperintensity is a common finding at magnetic resonance imaging of the sellar region. However, this signal intensity pattern has different sources, and its significance depends on the clinical context. Normal variations in sellar T1 signal hyperintensity are related to vasopressin storage in the neurohypophysis, the presence of bone marrow in normal and variant anatomic structures, hyperactive hormone secretion in the anterior pituitary lobe (eg, in newborns and pregnant or lactating women), and flow artifacts and magnetic susceptibility effects. Pathologic variations in T1 signal hyperintensity may be related to clotting of blood (in hemorrhagic pituitary adenoma, pituitary apoplexy, Sheehan syndrome, or thrombosed aneurysm) or the presence of a high concentration of protein (Rathke cleft cyst, craniopharyngioma, or mucocele), fat (lipoma, dermoid cyst, lipomatous meningioma), calcification (craniopharyngioma, chondroma, chordoma), or a paramagnetic substance (manganese, melanin). After treatment, T1 signal hyperintensity may result from the presence of materials used for surgical packing (gelatin sponge, fat); from compression of the cavernous sinus and reduction of the venous flow, caused by overpacking of the operative bed; or from hormone hypersecretion by a remnant of normal tissue in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. PMID:16418246

  9. Spinal extradural angiolipoma: report of two cases and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    García-Allut, Alfredo

    2009-01-01

    Spinal angiolipomas are benign uncommon neoplasm composed of mature lipocytes admixed with abnormal blood vessels. They account for only 0.04–1.2% of all spinal tumors. We report two cases of lumbar extradural angiolipoma and review previously reported cases. We found 118 cases of spinal epidural angiolipoma (70 females and 48 males; age range 1.5–85 years, mean 44.03) spanning from 1890 to 2006. Prior to diagnosis 40.6% of the patients had weakness of the lower limbs. The interval between the initial symptoms and tumor diagnosis ranged from 1 day to 17 years (mean 20.2 months). Except for four cases diagnosed at autopsy, 109 patients underwent surgery and gross-total resection was performed in 79 cases (72.4%). Spinal angiolipomas are tumors containing angiomatous and lipomatous tissue, predominantly located in the mid-thoracic region. All angiolipomas show iso- or hyperintensity on T1-weighted images and hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and most lesions enhance with gadolinium administration. The treatment for spinal extradural angiolipomas is total surgical resection and no adjuvant therapy should be administered. PMID:19127373

  10. Fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis of dedifferentiated liposarcoma: Cytomorphology and MDM2 amplification by FISH

    PubMed Central

    Al-Maghraby, Hatem Q.; Khalbuss, Walid E.; Rao, Uma N. M.; Cieply, Kathleen; Dacic, Sanja

    2010-01-01

    Lipomatous mesenchymal tumors constitute the most common type of soft tissue tumors. Well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS) can undergo dedifferentiation to a nonlipogenic sarcoma of variable histologic grade. In the recent literature, amplification of the murine double minute 2 (MDM2) oncogene, which has a role in cell cycle control, has been successful in distinguishing WDLS from benign lesions. We present a case of dedifferentiated liposarcoma diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration (FNA), using cytomorphology and ancillary studies (immunocytochemistry and fluorescent in-situ hybridization). An 85-year old female presented to our institution with a firm soft tissue mass of the right buttock. The FNA showed atypical spindle cells, osteoclast-like giant cells and extracellular dense matrix material. The cell block showed cellular groups of highly atypical spindle cells with osteoid and adipose tissue. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies performed on the cell block demonstrated amplification of the MDM2 gene. In addition, the findings were morphologically compatible with the previously resected retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma with areas of osteosarcoma. This rare case illustrates the usefulness of FNA and ancillary studies in the diagnosis and subclassification of soft tissue tumors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of MDM2 FISH positivity in a liposarcoma diagnosed by FNA. PMID:20436789

  11. Multiple benign symmetric lipomatosis -- a differential diagnosis of obesity.

    PubMed

    Ardeleanu, V; Chicos, S; Georgescu, C; Tutunaru, D

    2013-01-01

    Benign symmetrical lipomatosis (BSL), or Madelung's disease, is a rare disease characterized by the progressive growth of diffuse, painless, non-enveloped symmetric lipomas. The etiology of this disease remains unknown, although it was associated in the medical literature with alcohol and nicotine abuse, metabolic disorders and a number of malignancies. It is assumed that there is a genetic predisposition for this affliction. The management in such cases is surgical removal of the lipomas, most times in several sessions, but this is often followed by relapse. However, surgical removal of the lipomas can provide satisfactory patient functionality and cosmetic results. The differential diagnosis is made with morbid obesity, Cushing syndrome, angiolipomatosis, encapsulated lipomas, neurofibromatosis, myxoid liposarcoma, lymphoma, salivary gland disease, Frolich and lipomatosis syndrome in patients infected with HIV. The current paper reports the case of a 55 year-old man, who presented with several large lipomatous masses, arranged symmetrically on the front and back of the trunk, and several smaller lipomas in the upper and lower limbs. Treatment consisted of resection of these lipomas in several sessions, without recurrence at one year after the last operation. PMID:23958107

  12. Wilms' tumor protein (WT1) in mammary myofibroblastoma: an immunohistochemical study.

    PubMed

    Magro, Gaetano; Longo, Francesca; Salvatorelli, Lucia; Vecchio, Giada Maria; Parenti, Rosalba

    2014-06-01

    Wilms' tumor protein (WT1) has been immunohistochemically detected in the cytoplasm of some developing, adult normal and neoplastic human tissues, suggesting its complex regulator activity in transcriptional/translational processes. Among neoplastic tissues, WT1 has been documented in the cytoplasm of benign and malignant vascular tumors and in rhabdomyosarcoma, while there are no available studies about its expression in myofibroblastic tumors. Accordingly, we studied immunohistochemically the potential expression of WT1 in mammary myofibroblastoma (MFB), a prototypical myofibroblastic tumor. A series of 18 cases of mammary MFB, including several morphological variants (classic, fibrotic, myxoid, lipomatous, Schwannian-like, and epithelioid variants), were tested with antibodies against the N-terminal of WT1. The most striking finding was a diffuse and strong WT1 cytoplasmic immunostaining restricted to the "epithelioid cell MFB", a rare and diagnostically challenging variant. Conversely the other variants of MFB, including the classic-type, were negative or only focally positive. The present study shows that mammary epithelioid cell MFB should be added to the list of mesenchymal tumors which express WT1 in the cytoplasm of neoplastic cells. Accordingly, we suggest that the detection of WT1 cytoplasmic immunoreactivity is of complementary diagnostic value to conventional myofibroblastic markers in identifying epithelioid cell myofibroblastoma. PMID:24709316

  13. Prenatal Diagnosis of CLOVES Syndrome Confirmed by Detection of a Mosaic PIK3CA Mutation in Cultured Amniocytes

    PubMed Central

    Emrick, Lisa T.; Murphy, Lauren; Shamshirsaz, Alireza A.; Ruano, Rodrigo; Cassady, Christopher I.; Liu, Liu; Chang, Fengqi; Sutton, V. Reid; Li, Marilyn; Van den Veyver, Ignatia B.

    2015-01-01

    Congenital lipomatous asymmetric overgrowth of the trunk, lymphatic, capillary, venous, and combined-type vascular malformations, epidermal nevi, skeletal and spinal anomalies (CLOVES) syndrome, a segmental overgrowth syndrome, is caused by post zygotic somatic mutations in PIK3CA, a gene involved in the receptor tyrosine kinase phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3)-AKT growth-signaling pathway. Prenatal ultrasound findings of lymphovascular malformations, segmental overgrowth and skeletal defects can raise suspicion for CLOVES syndrome, but molecular confirmation of PIK3CA mutations on prenatally obtained samples is challenging because of somatic mosaicism. We detected a mosaic disease-causing mutation in PIK3CA by sequencing of DNA extracted from cultured amniotic cells, but not from DNA directly prepared from an amniotic fluid sample in a fetus with prenatally suspected CLOVES syndrome. The infant was born prematurely and displayed severe lymphovascular malformations and segmental overgrowth consistent with a clinical diagnosis of CLOVES syndrome; he passed away at 29 days of life. We discuss the complexities and limitations of genetic testing for somatic mosaic mutations in the prenatal period and highlight the potential need for multiple approaches to arrive at a molecular diagnosis. PMID:25044986

  14. PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS): Diagnostic and Testing Eligibility Criteria, Differential Diagnosis, and Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Keppler-Noreuil, Kim M.; Rios, Jonathan J.; Parker, Victoria E.R.; Semple, Robert K.; Lindhurst, Marjorie J.; Sapp, Julie C.; Alomari, Ahmad; Ezaki, Marybeth; Dobyns, William; Biesecker, Leslie G.

    2015-01-01

    Somatic activating mutations in the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/AKT/mTOR pathway underlie heterogeneous segmental overgrowth phenotypes. Because of the extreme differences among patients, we sought to characterize the phenotypic spectrum associated with different genotypes and mutation burdens, including a better understanding of associated complications and natural history. Historically, the clinical diagnoses in patients with PIK3CA activating mutations have included Fibroadipose hyperplasia or Overgrowth (FAO), Hemihyperplasia Multiple Lipomatosis (HHML), Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth, Vascular Malformations, Epidermal Nevi, Scoliosis/Skeletal and Spinal (CLOVES) syndrome, macrodactyly, Fibroadipose Infiltrating Lipomatosis, and the related megalencephaly syndromes, Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformation (MCAP or M-CM) and Dysplastic Megalencephaly (DMEG). A workshop was convened at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to discuss and develop a consensus document regarding diagnosis and treatment of patients with PIK3CA-associated somatic overgrowth disorders. Participants in the workshop included a group of researchers from several institutions who have been studying these disorders and have published their findings, as well as representatives from patient-advocacy and support groups. The umbrella term of “PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum (PROS)” was agreed upon to encompass both the known and emerging clinical entities associated with somatic PIK3CA mutations including, macrodactyly, FAO, HHML, CLOVES, and related megalencephaly conditions. Key clinical diagnostic features and criteria for testing were proposed, and testing approaches summarized. Preliminary recommendations for a uniform approach to assessment of overgrowth and molecular diagnostic testing were determined. Future areas to address include the surgical management of overgrowth tissue and vascular anomalies, the optimal approach to thrombosis risk, and the testing of potential pharmacologic therapies. PMID:25557259

  15. Fine needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) in the initial evaluation and diagnosis of palpable soft tissue lesions and with histologic correlation

    PubMed Central

    Ogun, Gabriel Olabiyi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) as a means of evaluation of palpable soft tissue lesions is poorly utilized in our environment despite the fact that it safe, cheap, quick and easy to perform. Methods All cases of cases of palpable soft tissue lesions of the trunk and extremities where FNAB was used as the initial evaluation tool were reviewed. Furthermore, the records for corresponding cases that had open excision biopsy and ultimately had histologic diagnosis out of these cases were also retrieved and correlated with the final diagnosis from FNAB. Results Out of 142 aspirates, only 107(75.3% of cases) fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the study. The age range was from 0-85 years (mean = 41.2 yrs.) with a roughly equal male:female ratio. The lesions were located in the trunk -56 cases, upper arm -7, forearm -1, hand -1, thigh -28, leg -7 and the foot-7. The FNAB was diagnosed as benign in 56 (52.3%) cases, malignant in 48 (44.8%) cases and suspicious of malignancy in 3(2.8%) cases. The cases were cytomorphologically classified into the following categories: Lipomatous (32 cases), epithelia (18), spindle cell (14), inflammatory (13) pleomorphic (11), small round (6), myxoid (5), epitheloid/ polygonal (1) and others (7). The sensitivity and specificity of diagnosed cases with FNAB as either benign or malignant when correlated with histology were 95% and 100% respectively. Conclusion FNAB is a valuable tool in the initial evaluation of palpable soft tissue lesions especially in primary soft tissue neoplasms and clinically suspected metastatic carcinomas.

  16. Predicting dedifferentiation in liposarcoma: a proteomic approach.

    PubMed

    McClain, Colt M; Friedman, David B; Hajri, Tahar; Coffin, Cheryl M; Cates, Justin M M

    2013-07-01

    There are no known morphologic characteristics, cytogenetic aberrations, or molecular alterations predictive of dedifferentiation in liposarcomas. Identification of such a prognostic marker could potentially affect surgical and adjuvant therapy and/or follow-up surveillance for these patients. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis was utilized to characterize protein expression patterns in lipoma, atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT), and the well-differentiated components of dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDL). Protein spots were identified by peptide mapping/fingerprinting using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. No significant differences in protein expression were identified between lipoma and ALT or DDL. Proteins that were significantly down-regulated in the well-differentiated component of DDL compared to ALT included mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2, >3-fold reduction) and selenium-binding protein-1 (SELENBP1, >4-fold reduction). Subsequent validation studies were performed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on a separate series of ALT (n?=?30) and the well-differentiated components of DDL (n?=?28). IHC stains were evaluated in a semi-quantitative manner, and the results were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test and receiver-operator curve analysis. Decreased IHC staining for SELENBP1 in the well-differentiated component of DDL was confirmed. Cytoplasmic ALDH2 levels determined by IHC were not significantly different in ALT and DDL; no nuclear staining for ALDH2 was observed. Expression of SELENBP1 is decreased in the well-differentiated component of DDL compared to ALT. However, variability in the staining patterns in liposarcoma precludes its use as a predictive marker for dedifferentiation. PMID:23709017

  17. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia in lesions involving anogenital mammary-like glands.

    PubMed

    Kazakov, Dmitry V; Bisceglia, Michele; Mukensnabl, Petr; Michal, Michal

    2005-09-01

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH), first reported in 1986, is nowadays a well-recognized change in the breast. We present three cases of lesions involving anogenital mammary-like glands demonstrating this feature. All patients were females (ages, 42, 43, and 53 years). Each presented with a solitary, 1.5- to 2-cm asymptomatic nodule. Locations included the perianal area, perineum, and labium majus. Histopathologically, one lesion was classified as low-grade phyllodes tumor, another as fibroadenoma, and in the remaining case PASH was found in the background of mild hyperplasia of anogenital mammary-like glands and substantial lipomatous metaplasia. In all lesions, PASH had an identical appearance to that in the breast, that is open, slit-like, often anastomosing channels devoid of erythrocytes and lined by discontinuous, often attenuated, inconspicuous cells without atypia or mitotic activity set in a hyalinized collagenous stroma. Quantitatively, PASH ranged in the above cases, forming a relatively small focus in the fibroadenoma and being quite extensive in the remaining two cases. In the phyllodes tumor, PASH areas exhibited focal hypercellularity and presence of myoid cells. In none of the cases were there cells with intranuclear inclusions or multinucleated cells. The lesions were surgically excised. Two patients with follow-up were disease-free at one and three years after the operation. As to our knowledge, PASH has not been previously described in the anogenital area, this feature seems to have been either overlooked or is genuinely rare in this location. It may occur in a preexisting lesion of anogenital mammary-like glands or may apparently by itself produce a clinically detectable lesion. The clinicopathologic features of PASH in the anogenital area seem to be identical to those in the breast. PMID:16096415

  18. Hepatic angiomyolipoma: a series of six cases with emphasis on pathological-radiological correlations and unusual variants diagnosed by core needle biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Agaimy, Abbas; Vassos, Nikolaos; Croner, Roland S; Strobel, Deike; Lell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic angiomyolipoma is rare and may pose differential diagnostic difficulty, particularly if encountered in core needle biopsy. We studied 6 cases from 5 males and one female (median age, 48.6 yrs). All presented with non-specific symptoms or an incidentally discovered tumor mass. Two patients had a remote history of chemotherapy for hematological neoplasms (acute lymphoblastic leukemia and Hodgkin lymphoma respectively) and another had clear cell renal cell carcinoma and anaplastic pancreatic carcinoma diagnosed at autopsy without definable syndrome. None of the patients had evidence of the tuberous sclerosis complex or renal or other extra-renal angiomyolipoma. Three tumors were resected completely and three have been only biopsied and followed up. None of the resected cases recurred at a mean follow-up of 35 months. Histologically, tumors were classified as classical triphasic (1), lipomatous (2), epithelioid/oncocytoid (1), epithelioid trabecular (1) and myelolipoma-like (1). The adjacent liver parenchyma was normal in 3 cases, showed pigment cirrhosis in one case and mild fatty change in another case. One case had clinically diagnosed but histologically unverified cirrhosis. The initial diagnostic impression/frozen section was misleading in 5 of the cases and included vascular lesion, focal fatty change, myelolipoma, hepatocellular tumor and oncocytic neoplasm. All tumors expressed HMB45 and variably desmin. One epithelioid lesion expressed HMB45 and TFE3, but lacked desmin expression. In conclusion, hepatic angiomyolipomas are increasingly recognized as incidental findings during surveillance for cirrhosis or investigations for unrelated conditions. Awareness of their diverse morphological spectrum in liver biopsy is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis as hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic melanoma or other malignant neoplasms. PMID:22949933

  19. Clear-cell meningioma of the anterior cranial fossa. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Pizzoni, C; Sarandria, C; Pierangeli, E

    2009-09-01

    Clear-cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare subtype of meningioma which occurs at a younger age and has a higher recurrence rate than other subtypes (WHO grade II). CCM usually occur in younger patients and is located in the posterior fossa and spine. The authors report the first case of olfactory groove mixed clear-cell meningioma. A 66-year-old woman was admitted to the SS. Annunziata Hospital (Taranto, Italy) in January 2007 with a two-year history of subtle changes in personality and mental function. On neurologic examination she presented a loss of sense of smell. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an olfactory groove meningioma. The computed tomography (CT) and MRI features of CCM are not different from those of common meningiomas. The tumor was totally removed by frontolateral approach on January 24, 2007). Histological examination showed that the tumor was composed of sheet-like uniform and polygonal cells, with abundant clear cytoplasm, and small and bland nuclei. The cytoplasm was heavily laden with granular periodic acid Schiff-positive and diastase-sensitive material representing glycogen. There were no rich vascular networks but scattered collagen bundles within the tumour, little foci areas of necrosis and whorls of meningothelial cells. The neoplastic cells were positive for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and vimentin, and negative for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)? S-100?chromogranin A; Ki-67 labelling showed an index of 1%. The final diagnosis was mixed clear-cell meningioma. Until now only 38 intracranial CCM cases had been reported in English language literature. Different diagnoses for CCM include lesions with clear cell appearance such metastases of renal cell carcinoma and sarcoma, hemangioblastoma, ependymoma, oligodendroglioma, germinoma, chordoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, lipid-rich glioblastoma, microcystic and lipomatous meningioma. PMID:20075823

  20. Three dosimetry models of lipoma arborescens treated by {sup 90}Y synovectomy

    SciTech Connect

    O’Doherty, Jim, E-mail: jim.odoherty@kcl.ac.uk [Department of Medical Physics-Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX, United Kingdom and Division of Imaging Sciences, PET Imaging Centre at St. Thomas’ Hospital, King's College London, London SE1 7EH (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medical Physics-Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX, United Kingdom and Division of Imaging Sciences, PET Imaging Centre at St. Thomas’ Hospital, King's College London, London SE1 7EH (United Kingdom); Clauss, Ralf [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom)] [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom); Scuffham, James [Department of Medical Physics-Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medical Physics-Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom); Khan, Aman [Department of Rheumatology, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom)] [Department of Rheumatology, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX (United Kingdom); Petitguillaume, Alice; Desbrée, Aurélie [Service de Dosimétrie Interne, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)] [Service de Dosimétrie Interne, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: Lipoma arborescens (LA) is a benign intra-articular lipomatous proliferation of the synovial membrane. This extremely rare condition has previously been treated by intra-articular{sup 90}Y radiosynoviorthesis but dosimetry literature on this form of radionuclide therapy is nonexistent. The authors detail methodology for successful treatment of LA and provide for the first time estimates of radiation dosimetry. The authors also analyze the biodistribution of the radiopharmaceutical over the course of the patient's treatment through sequential imaging. Methods: A patient with bilateral LA underwent intracavity injection of{sup 90}Y citrate colloid to the right and left knee joint spaces (181 and 198 MBq, respectively). SPECT/CT datasets were acquired over 9 days to quantify the biodistribution and kinetics of the radiopharmaceutical. Radiation dosimetry was performed using the MIRD schema (through OLINDA software), a custom voxel-based method, and a direct Monte Carlo calculation (OEDIPE). Results: Follow-up MRI showed marked reduction in LA size in both knees. Mean absorbed doses to the LA were 21.2 ± 0.8 and 42.9 ± 2.3 Gy using OLINDA, 8.1 ± 0.3 and 16.7 ± 0.5 Gy using voxel based methodology, and 8.2 ± 0.3 and 15.7 ± 0.5 Gy for OEDIPE in the right and left LA, respectively. Distribution of the radiopharmaceutical within the joint space alters over the imaging period, with less than 1% of the remaining activity having moved posteriorly in the knee cavity. No uptake was detected outside of the joint space after assessment with whole-body scintigraphy. Conclusions: An activity of approximately 185 MBq successfully relieved clinical symptoms of LA. There was good correlation between direct Monte Carlo and voxel based techniques, but OLINDA was shown to overestimate the absorbed dose to the tumor. Accurate dosimetry may help select an activity more tailored to the specific size and location of the LA.

  1. Scope of FNAC in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumors-A study from a tertiary cancer referral center in India

    PubMed Central

    Rekhi, Bharat; Gorad, Biru D; Kakade, Anagha C; Chinoy, RF

    2007-01-01

    Background Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) forms one of the first diagnostic tools in the evaluation of tumors. Its role in diagnosing soft tissue tumors (STT) has been fairly documented, as well as debated. Present study was aimed at evaluating its scope in diagnosing 127 cases of soft tissue tumors. Methods Conventional Pap and MGG staining was available in all the cases. Immunocytochemistry (ICC) was performed in 15 cases. Histopathological details were available in 115 cases. Results 50% cases were referred for a primary diagnosis, while 26.8% & 22.8% cases were evaluated for recurrent and metastatic lesions, respectively. Extremities were the commonest sites. On FNAC, 101 cases (79.5%) were labeled as malignant, whereas 10 cases (7.9%) were labeled as benign. The remaining 16 cases (11%) were not categorized and were labeled as 'unsure/not specified'. Histopathological confirmation in 115 cases, gave a diagnostic accuracy of 98%, with a positive predictive value of 98% in malignant cases and a negative predictive value of 100% in benign cases. Two cases were false positive. Among the various cytological categories, 60 cases (47.2%) were of spindle cell type, followed by 32 (25.2%) of round cell type and 14 cases (11%) of lipomatous type. Other 12 cases (9.4%) were of pleomorphic type; 7 (5.5%) cases of epithelioid type and remaining 2 cases were of myxoid type. All the round cell, pleomorphic and myxoid type of tumors were sarcomas, whereas 73.3% cases of spindle cell type were labeled as 'malignant'. Exact cytological sub typing was offered in 58 cases, with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) as the most frequently sub typed tumor. The two false positive malignant cases were of fibromatosis and a pigmented schwannoma, on biopsy. Out of 28 metastatic lesions, lymph nodes were the commonest site for metastasis, with epithelioid tumors that formed highest percentage of metastatic cases. Conclusion FNAC is fairly specific and sensitive in STT diagnoses for primary, recurrent and metastatic lesions. The cytological types, especially round cell and pleomorphic sarcomas, can be quickly identified. Clinicopathological correlation with ICC as an adjunct, are valuable in exact sub typing. PMID:17973999