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1

Search for high mass resonances decaying to muon pairs in ?s=1.96 TeV pp collisions.  

PubMed

We present a search for a new narrow, spin-1, high mass resonance decaying to ?(+)??+X, using a matrix-element-based likelihood and a simultaneous measurement of the resonance mass and production rate. In data with 4.6 fb?¹ of integrated luminosity collected by the CDF detector in pp collisions at ?s=1960 GeV, the most likely signal cross section is consistent with zero at 16% confidence level. We therefore do not observe evidence for a high mass resonance and place limits on models predicting spin-1 resonances, including M>1071 GeV/c² at 95% confidence level for a Z' boson with the same couplings to fermions as the Z boson. PMID:21517299

Aaltonen, T; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Appel, J A; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asaadi, J; Ashmanskas, W; Auerbach, B; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bauce, M; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Bland, K R; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Brigliadori, L; Brisuda, A; Bromberg, C; Brucken, E; Bucciantonio, M; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Calancha, C; Camarda, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Corbo, M; Cordelli, M; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Cranmer, K; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Dagenhart, D; d'Ascenzo, N; Datta, M; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; Devoto, F; d'Errico, M; Di Canto, A; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Dorigo, M; Dorigo, T; Ebina, K; Elagin, A; Eppig, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Ershaidat, N; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Funakoshi, Y; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Garosi, P; Gerberich, H; Gerchtein, E; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldin, D; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Hamaguchi, A; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harr, R F; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heinrich, J; Herndon, M; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hocker, A; Hopkins, W; Horn, D; Hou, S; Hughes, R E; Hurwitz, M; Husemann, U; Hussain, N; Hussein, M; Huston, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Ketchum, W; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirby, M; Klimenko, S; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhr, T; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, J S; Lee, S W; Leo, S; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-J; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, Q; Liu, T; Lockwitz, S; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Lucchesi, D; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maksimovic, P; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Mastrandrea, P; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Mietlicki, D; Mitra, A; Miyake, H; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Mondragon, M N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlock, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Naganoma, J; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Ortolan, L; Pagan Griso, S; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Paramonov, A A; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Pellett, D E; Penzo, A; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Pianori, E; Pilot, J; Pitts, K; Plager, C; Pondrom, L; Potamianos, K; Poukhov, O; Prokoshin, F; Pronko, A; Ptohos, F; Pueschel, E; Punzi, G; Pursley, J; Quinlan, E; Rahaman, A; Ramakrishnan, V; Ranjan, N; Redondo, I; Renton, P; Rescigno, M; Rimondi, F; Ristori, L; Robson, A; Rodrigo, T; Rodriguez, T; Rogers, E; Rolli, S; Roser, R; Rossi, M; Rubbo, F; Ruffini, F; Ruiz, A; Russ, J; Rusu, V; Safonov, A; Sakumoto, W K; Sakurai, Y; Santi, L; Sartori, L; Sato, K; Saveliev, V; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schlabach, P; Schmidt, A; Schmidt, E E

2011-03-25

2

Search for high-mass resonances decaying into ?-lepton pairs in pp collisions at ?{s}=7 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for high-mass resonances decaying into ?+?- is performed using a data sample of pp collisions at ?{s}=7 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb-1. The number of observed events is in agreement with the standard model prediction. An upper limit on the product of the resonance cross section and branching fraction into ?-lepton pairs is calculated as a function of the resonance mass. Using the sequential standard model resonance ZSSM? and the superstring-inspired E6 model with resonance Z?? as benchmarks, resonances with standard model couplings with masses below 1.4 and 1.1 TeV, respectively, are excluded at 95% confidence level.

Chatrchyan, S.; Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hammer, J.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Pernicka, M.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, C.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Wagner, P.; Waltenberger, W.; Walzel, G.; Widl, E.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Luyckx, S.; Maes, T.; Mucibello, L.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Selvaggi, M.; Staykova, Z.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Gonzalez Suarez, R.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Charaf, O.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dero, V.; Gay, A. P. R.; Hreus, T.; Léonard, A.; Marage, P. E.; Reis, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Garcia, G.; Grunewald, M.; Klein, B.; Lellouch, J.; Marinov, A.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Vanelderen, L.; Verwilligen, P.; Walsh, S.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Militaru, O.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Schul, N.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Correa Martins, M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; Martins, T.; Pol, M. E.; Souza, M. H. G.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Oguri, V.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santoro, A.; Soares Jorge, L.; Sznajder, A.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Lagana, C.; Marinho, F.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Trayanov, R.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Meng, X.; Tao, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Xiao, H.; Xu, M.; Zang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, S.; Guo, Y.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Teng, H.; Wang, S.; Zhu, B.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Osorio Oliveros, A. F.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Plestina, R.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Duric, S.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Morovic, S.; Attikis, A.; Galanti, M.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Khalil, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Müntel, M.; Raidal, M.; Rebane, L.; Tiko, A.; Azzolini, V.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Heikkinen, A.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Ungaro, D.; Wendland, L.; Banzuzi, K.; Korpela, A.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Choudhury, S.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Millischer, L.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Shreyber, I.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Benhabib, L.; Bianchini, L.; Bluj, M.; Broutin, C.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Daci, N.; Dahms, T.; Dobrzynski, L.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Haguenauer, M.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Sabes, D.; Salerno, R.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Bloch, D.; Bodin, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Cardaci, M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Drouhin, F.; Ferro, C.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Juillot, P.; Karim, M.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Fassi, F.; Mercier, D.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Bondu, O.; Boudoul, G.; Brun, H.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Sordini, V.; Tosi, S.; Tschudi, Y.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Anagnostou, G.; Beranek, S.; Edelhoff, M.; Feld, L.; Heracleous, N.; Hindrichs, O.; Jussen, R.; Klein, K.; Merz, J.; Ostapchuk, A.

2012-09-01

3

Search for High Mass Resonances decaying to e?, e? and ?? at CDF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a search for high mass resonances based on 1 fb-1 of Tevatron Run II data collected with the CDF detector in ?s = 1.96 TeV proton anti-proton collisions. The search is performed as a blind analysis in final states with two leptons of different flavor, such as e?, e? and ??. We discuss the identification of tau leptons at hadron colliders and assess the sensitivity of the search in several models of physics beyond the Standard Model.

Tu, Yanjun; Canepa, Anadi; Lockyer, Nigel; Murat, Pasha

2007-04-01

4

Search for narrow high-mass resonances in radiative decays of the Z0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We search for new resonances, Y, with mass MY, in the range from 30 to 89 GeV, produced via the reaction e+e- --> Z0 -->gammaY, where Y subsequently decays into e+e-, mu+mu- or hadrons. We use 5.5.pb-1 of data collected in the energy range 88.2 <= sqrt(s) <= 94.2 GeV, near the Z0 peak. We obtain the following upper limits,

B. Adeva; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; T. Aziz; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; L. Barone; A. Bay; U. Becker; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. L. Betev; A. Biland; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; P. Blömeke; B. Blumenfeld; Gerjan J Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R K Böck; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; Maurice Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B T Bouwens; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; F. Bruyant; C. Buisson; A T Bujak; J. D. Burger; J. P. Burq; J K Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; F. Carbonara; P. Cardenal; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M Cerrada-Canales; F. Cesaroni; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; F. Chollet; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; V. Commichau; G. Conforto; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; F. Diez-Hedo; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; R. Diviá; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; T. Driever; D Duschesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; R. Fabbretti; G. Faber; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; Q. Fan; S. J. Fan; O. Fackler; J. Fay; J. Fehlmann; T. Ferguson; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; J. Field; Frank Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; Klaus Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; M. Glaubman; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gordeev; P. Göttlicher; D. Goujon; Giorgio Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; H. Haan; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; L. S. Hsu; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; Vincenzo Innocente; E. Isiksal; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu A Kamyshkov; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; V. Khoze; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W W Kinnison; D. Kirkby; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; O. Kornadt; V F Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; J F Krizmanic; K. S. Kumar; V. Kumar; A. Kunin; V. Lalieu; G. Landi; K. Lanius; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P Lecomte; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; L. Leistam; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; P. M. Levchenko; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; J. F. Li; L. Li; P. J. Li; Q. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; R. Liu; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; X. Lue; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; R. Magahiz; M. Maire; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marchionni; B. Martin; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; G. Morand; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; L. Niessen; H. Nowak; D. Pandoulas; F. Plasil; G Paternoster; S. Patricelli; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Oian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; Z. Ren; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; O. Rind; C. Rippich; H. A. Rizvi; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; L. Romero; J. Rose; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; A. Rubbia; J. A. Rubio; M. Rubio; W. Ruckstuhl; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; J. Salicio; G. Sanders; M. S. Sarakinos; G. Sartorelli; A. Savin; V. Schegelsky; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; Herwig Franz Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; Johannes C Sens; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; V. Shevchenko; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; K D Shmakov; V. Shoutko; E. Shumilov; N. Smirnov; E. Soderstrom; André Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; B. Spiess; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Stocozzi; W. Stoeffl; H. Stone; K. Strauch; B. C. Stringfellow; K. Sudhakar; G G Sultanov; R. L. Summer

1991-01-01

5

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to dimuons at CDF.  

PubMed

We present a search for high-mass neutral resonances using dimuon data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb(-1) collected in pp[over ] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed in the dimuon invariant-mass spectrum. We set 95% confidence level upper limits on sigmaBR(pp-->X-->micromicro), where X is a boson with spin-0, 1, or 2. Using these cross section limits, we determine lower mass limits on sneutrinos in R-parity-violating supersymmetric models, Z' bosons, and Kaluza-Klein gravitons in the Randall-Sundrum model. PMID:19392510

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Akimoto, T; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Azzurri, P; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burke, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; Derwent, P F; di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Genser, K; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-S; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Luci, C; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moggi, N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlok, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Pagan Griso, S; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramonov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J

2009-03-01

6

Search for High Mass Resonances Decaying to Muon Pairs in $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV $p\\bar{p}$ Collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for a new narrow, spin-1, high mass resonance decaying to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} + X, using a matrix element based likelihood and a simultaneous measurement of the resonance mass and production rate. In data with 4.6 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the CDF detector in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1960 GeV, the most likely signal cross section is consistent with zero at 16% confidence level. We therefore do not observe evidence for a high mass resonance, and place limits on models predicting spin-1 resonances, including M > 1071 GeV/c{sup 2} at 95% confidence level for a Z{prime} boson with the same couplings to fermions as the Z boson.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2011-01-01

7

Search for High Mass Resonances Decaying to Muon Pairs in {radical}(s)=1.96 TeV pp Collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for a new narrow, spin-1, high mass resonance decaying to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}+X, using a matrix-element-based likelihood and a simultaneous measurement of the resonance mass and production rate. In data with 4.6 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the CDF detector in pp collisions at {radical}(s)=1960 GeV, the most likely signal cross section is consistent with zero at 16% confidence level. We therefore do not observe evidence for a high mass resonance and place limits on models predicting spin-1 resonances, including M>1071 GeV/c{sup 2} at 95% confidence level for a Z{sup '} boson with the same couplings to fermions as the Z boson.

Aaltonen, T.; Brucken, E.; Devoto, F.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R. [Division of High Energy Physics, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of Physics, FIN-00014, Helsinki (Finland); Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Casal, B.; Cuevas, J.; Gomez, G.; Palencia, E.; Rodrigo, T.; Ruiz, A.; Scodellaro, L.; Vila, I.; Vilar, R.; Vizan, J. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, CSIC-University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Amerio, S.; Dorigo, T.; Gresele, A.; Lazzizzera, I. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova-Trento, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

2011-03-25

8

Search for High-Mass Resonances Decaying to e? in pp¯ Collisions at s=1.96TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a general search for resonances decaying to a neutral e? final state in pp¯ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample representing 344pb-1 of integrated luminosity recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab II experiment, we compare standard model predictions with the number of observed events for invariant masses between 50 and 800GeV/c2. Finding no significant excess (5 events observed vs 7.7±0.8 expected for Me?>100GeV/c2), we set limits on sneutrino and Z' masses as functions of lepton family number violating couplings.

Abulencia, A.; Acosta, D.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M. G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Arguin, J.-F.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Azzurri, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Bachacou, H.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Baroiant, S.; Bartsch, V.; Bauer, G.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Belforte, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Belloni, A.; Haim, E. Ben; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Beringer, J.; Berry, T.; Bhatti, A.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Blair, R. E.; Blocker, C.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Boisvert, V.; Bolla, G.; Bolshov, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brau, B.; Bromberg, C.; Brubaker, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Budd, S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Byrum, K. L.; Cabrera, S.; Campanelli, M.; Campbell, M.; Canelli, F.; Canepa, A.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carron, S.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chang, S. H.; Chapman, J.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Chlebana, F.; Cho, I.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Chou, J. P.; Chu, P. H.; Chuang, S. H.; Chung, K.; Chung, W. H.; Chung, Y. S.; Ciljak, M.; Ciobanu, C. I.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clark, D.; Coca, M.; Compostella, G.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Cooper, B.; Copic, K.; Cordelli, M.; Cortiana, G.; Cresciolo, F.; Cruz, A.; Almenar, C. Cuenca; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; Cyr, D.; Daronco, S.; D'Auria, S.; D'Onofrio, M.; Dagenhart, D.; de Barbaro, P.; de Cecco, S.; Deisher, A.; de Lentdecker, G.; Dell'Orso, M.; Delli Paoli, F.; Demers, S.; Demortier, L.; Deng, J.; Deninno, M.; de Pedis, D.; Derwent, P. F.; Dionisi, C.; Dittmann, J. R.; Dituro, P.; Dörr, C.; Donati, S.; Donega, M.; Dong, P.; Donini, J.; Dorigo, T.; Dube, S.; Ebina, K.; Efron, J.; Ehlers, J.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Eusebi, R.; Fang, H. C.; Farrington, S.; Fedorko, I.; Fedorko, W. T.; Feild, R. G.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Flores-Castillo, L. R.; Foland, A.; Forrester, S.; Foster, G. W.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Furic, I.; Gallinaro, M.; Galyardt, J.; Garcia, J. E.; Sciveres, M. Garcia; Garfinkel, A. F.; Gay, C.; Gerberich, H.; Gerdes, D.; Giagu, S.; Giannetti, P.; Gibson, A.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C.; Giokaris, N.; Giolo, K.; Giordani, M.; Giromini, P.; Giunta, M.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldschmidt, N.; Goldstein, J.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Gotra, Y.; Goulianos, K.; Gresele, A.; Griffiths, M.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Grundler, U.; da Costa, J. Guimaraes; Gunay-Unalan, Z.; Haber, C.; Hahn, S. R.; Hahn, K.; Halkiadakis, E.; Hamilton, A.; Han, B.-Y.; Han, J. Y.; Handler, R.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harper, S.; Harr, R. F.; Harris, R. M.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hauser, J.; Hays, C.; Heijboer, A.; Heinemann, B.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hidas, D.; Hill, C. S.; Hirschbuehl, D.; Hocker, A.; Holloway, A.; Hou, S.; Houlden, M.; Hsu, S.-C.; Huffman, B. T.; Hughes, R. E.; Huston, J.; Incandela, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ishizawa, Y.; Ivanov, A.; Iyutin, B.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeans, D.; Jensen, H.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kamon, T.; Kang, J.; Karchin, P. E.; Kato, Y.; Kemp, Y.; Kephart, R.; Kerzel, U.; Khotilovich, V.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kirsch, L.; Klimenko, S.; Klute, M.; Knuteson, B.; Ko, B. R.; Kobayashi, H.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Korytov, A.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kovalev, A.; Kraan, A.; Kraus, J.; Kravchenko, I.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Krumnack, N.; Kruse, M.; Krutelyov, V.; Kuhlmann, S. E.; Kusakabe, Y.; Kwang, S.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lai, S.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lander, R. L.; Lannon, K.; Lath, A.; Latino, G.; Lazzizzera, I.; Lecompte, T.; Lee, J.; Lee, J.; Lee, Y. J.; Lee, S. W.; Lefèvre, R.; Leonardo, N.; Leone, S.; Levy, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Lin, C.; Lin, C. S.; Lindgren, M.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Litvintsev, D. O.; Liu, T.; Lockyer, N. S.; Loginov, A.; Loreti, M.; Loverre, P.; Lu, R.-S.; Lucchesi, D.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lyons, L.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Lytken, E.; Mack, P.; MacQueen, D.; Madrak, R.; Maeshima, K.; Maki, T.; Maksimovic, P.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Margaroli, F.; Marginean, R.; Marino, C.; Martin, A.; Martin, V.; Martínez, M.; Maruyama, T.; Matsunaga, H.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazini, R.; Mazzanti, P.; McFarland, K. S.; McIntyre, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Menzemer, S.; Menzione, A.; Merkel, P.; Mesropian, C.; Messina, A.

2006-06-01

9

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to e mu in pp- collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a general search for resonances decaying to a neutral e mu final state in p (p) over bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample representing 344 pb(-1) of integrated luminosity recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab II experiment, we compare standard model predictions with the number of observed events for invariant

A. Abulencia; D. Acosta; J. Adelman; T. Affolder; T. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; K. Anikeev; A. Annovi; J. Antos; M. Aoki; G. Apollinari; J. F. Arguin; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; P. Azzurri; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; V. Bartsch; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; A. Belloni; E. Ben Haim; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; J. Beringer; T. Berry; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; B. Brau; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carron; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; S. H. Chang; J. Chapman; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; I. Cho; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; P. H. Chu; S. H. Chuang; K. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; M. Ciljak; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; D. Clark; M. Coca; G. Compostella; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; B. Cooper; K. Copic; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; F. Cresciolo; A. Cruz; C. C. Almenar; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; D. Cyr; S. DaRonco; S. DAuria; M. DOnofrio; D. Dagenhart; P. De Barbaro; S. De Cecco; A. Deisher; G. De Lentdecker; M. DellOrso; F. D. Paoli; S. Demers; L. Demortier; J. Deng; M. Deninno; D. De Pedis; P. F. Derwent; C. Dionisi; J. R. Dittmann; P. DiTuro; C. Dorr; S. Donati; M. Donega; P. Dong; J. Donini; T. Dorigo; S. Dube; K. Ebina; J. Efron; J. Ehlers; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H. C. Fang; S. Farrington; I. Fedorko; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; R. Field; G. Flanagan; L. R. Flores-Castillo; A. Foland; S. Forrester; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; I. Furic; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; J. E. Garcia; M. G. Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; H. Gerberich; D. Gerdes; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; A. Gibson; K. Gibson; C. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. Gonzalez; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; M. Griffiths; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. G. Da Costa; Z. Gunay-Unalan; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; K. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B. Y. Han; J. Y. Han; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; S. Harper; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; C. Hays; A. Heijboer; B. Heinemann; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; D. Hidas; C. S. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; A. Holloway; S. Hou; M. Houlden; S. C. Hsu; B. T. Huffman; R. E. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; Y. Ishizawa; A. Ivanov; B. Iyutin; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; D. Jeans; H. Jensen; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; T. Kamon; J. Kang; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; Y. Kemp; R. Kephart; U. Kerzel; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; M. Klute; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; H. Kobayashi; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; A. Kovalev; A. Kraan; J. Kraus; I. Kravchenko; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; N. Krumnack; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; Y. Kusakabe; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. L. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; T. LeCompte; J. Lee; Y. J. Lee; S. W. Lee; R. Lefevre; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; S. Levy; J. D. Lewis; C. Lin; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; P. Loverre; R. S. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; E. Lytken; P. Mack; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; T. Maki; P. Maksimovic; S. Malde; G. Manca; F. Margaroli; R. Marginean; C. Marino; A. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martiinez; T. Maruyama; H. Matsunaga; M. E. Mattson; R. Mazini; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; S. Menzemer; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Messina; M. Von der Mey; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; J. Miles; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; C. Mills; M. Milnik; R. Miquel; A. Mitra; G. Mitselmakher; A. Miyamoto; N. Moggi; B. Mohr; R. Moore; M. Morello; P. M. Fernandez; J. Mulmenstadt; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; R. Mumford; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; J. Naganoma; S. Nahn; I. Nakano; A. Napier; D. Naumov; V. Necula; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; J. Nielsen; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; O. Norniella; E. Nurse; T. Ogawa; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; T. Okusawa; R. Oldeman; R. Orava; K. Osterberg

2006-01-01

10

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to e mu in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe a general search for resonances decaying to a neutral e{mu} final state in p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample representing 344 pb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity recorded by the CDF II experiment, they compare Standard Model predictions with the number of observed events for invariant masses between 50 and 800 GeV/c{sup 2}. Finding no significant excess (5 events observed vs. 7.7 {+-} 0.8 expected for M{sub e{mu}} > 100 GeV/c{sup 2}), they set limits on sneutrino and Z{prime} masses as functions of lepton family number violating couplings.

Abulencia, A.; Acosta, D.; Adelman, Jahred A.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Argonne /Barcelona, IFAE /Baylor U. /INFN, Bologna /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara

2006-03-01

11

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to emu in pp collisions at square root = 1.69 TeV.  

PubMed

We describe a general search for resonances decaying to a neutral emu final state in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample representing 344 pb(-1) of integrated luminosity recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab II experiment, we compare standard model predictions with the number of observed events for invariant masses between 50 and 800 GeV/c2. Finding no significant excess (5 events observed vs 7.7 +/- 0.8 expected for M(emu) > 100 GeV/c2 ), we set limits on sneutrino and Z' masses as functions of lepton family number violating couplings. PMID:16803228

Abulencia, A; Acosta, D; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arguin, J-F; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Haim, E Ben; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chapman, J; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chu, P H; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciljak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cresciolo, F; Cruz, A; Almenar, C Cuenca; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cyr, D; DaRonco, S; D'Auria, S; D'Onofrio, M; Dagenhart, D; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; Dell'Orso, M; Delli Paoli, F; Demers, S; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Dionisi, C; Dittmann, J R; DiTuro, P; Dörr, C; Donati, S; Donega, M; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Efron, J; Ehlers, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Flores-Castillo, L R; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Sciveres, M Garcia; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C; Giokaris, N; Giolo, K; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Y; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; da Costa, J Guimaraes; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Hahn, K; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Herndon, M; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jindariani, S; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kang, J; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, H; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraan, A; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhlmann, S E; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, Y J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; von der Mey, M; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Miquel, R; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Fernandez, P Movilla; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Naganoma, J; Nahn, S; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Naumov, D; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Ogawa, T; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Okusawa, T; Oldeman, R; Orava, R; Osterberg, K

2006-06-01

12

Giant resonance decay  

SciTech Connect

Decay studies of giant multipole resonances are discussed, emphasizing the role of Coulomb excitation with intermediate energy heavy ions, which can provide very large cross sections for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. We discuss measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances, reporting results where available. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the singles spectra. 30 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

1990-01-01

13

Impact of ?N???N data on determining high-mass nucleon resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivated by an experimental proposal for the measurement of the ?N???N reactions at J-PARC, we examine the potential impact of the ?N???N cross section data on the determination of the resonance parameters of the high-mass N* states. For this purpose, we make use of the ANL-Osaka dynamical coupled-channels model, which has been developed recently through a combined analysis of the unpolarized cross section as well as polarized observables from pion- and photon-induced ?N, ?N, K?, and K? production reactions off a proton target. We present predictions for the ?N???N total cross sections and invariant mass distributions, and demonstrate that the ?N???N differential cross section data can indeed be a crucial source of information for understanding N*???,?N,?N???N decay of the high-mass N* states.

Kamano, Hiroyuki

2013-10-01

14

Mass and Spin Formula for Quasi-Stable High-Mass Mesons from Dual Resonance Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is shown that the generalized Veneziano model predicts the existence of quasi-stable high mass mesons with definite masses and spins, which have their lowest-multiplicity decay-modes suppressed. Although the predicted degree of stability is less than e...

R. Odorico

1976-01-01

15

Photon decay of giant resonances  

SciTech Connect

The total gamma-decay probability, the ground-state gamma branching ratio, and the branching ratios to a number of low-lying states as a function of excitation energy have been determined in /sup 208/Pb to approximately 15 MeV. The total yield of ground-state E2 gamma radiation in /sup 208/Pb can only be understood if decay of compound states is considered. Other observations in /sup 208/Pb include the absence of a significant branch from the giant quadrupole resonance (GQR) to the low-lying collective states at 2.6 MeV and 4.08 MeV, and a strong branch to a 3/sup -/ state at 4.97 MeV. 20 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.; Halbert, M.L.

1986-01-01

16

Search for high-mass narrow resonances in virtual photon-photon interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the first search with virtual photon-photon collisions for narrow, neutral resonances with even C parity in the mass range 4.5e+e-?*?*-->e +e-R with both the scattered e+ and e- detected. We find upper limits (95% confidence level) for the partial decay width of a resonance into two photons, ranging from 50 keV at W=4.5 GeV to 10 MeV at W=19 GeV. These limits constrain theoretical models involving neutral composite bosons.

Aihara, H.; Alston-Garnjost, M.; Avery, R. E.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barker, A. R.; Barnes, A. V.; Barnett, B. A.; Bauer, D. A.; Bengtsson, H.-U.; Bintinger, D. L.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bolognese, T. S.; Bross, A. D.; Buchanan, C. D.; Buijs, A.; Caldwell, D. O.; Clark, A. R.; Cowan, G. D.; Crane, D. A.; Dahl, O. I.; Derby, K. A.; Eastman, J. J.; Eberhard, P. H.; Edberg, T. K.; Eisner, A. M.; Enomoto, R.; Erné, F. C.; Fujii, T.; Gary, J. W.; Gorn, W.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hofmann, W.; Huth, J. E.; Hylen, J.; Kamae, T.; Kaye, H. S.; Kees, K. H.; Kenney, R. W.; Kerth, L. T.; Ko, Winston; Koda, R. I.; Kofler, R. R.; Kwong, K. K.; Lander, R. L.; Langeveld, W. G.; Layter, J. G.; Linde, F. L.; Lindsey, C. S.; Loken, S. C.; Lu, A.; Lu, X.-Q.; Lynch, G. R.; Madaras, R. J.; Maeshima, K.; Magnuson, B. D.; Marx, J. N.; Masek, G. E.; Mathis, L. G.; Matthews, J. A.; Maxfield, S. J.; Melnikoff, S. O.; Miller, E. S.; Moses, W.; McNeil, R. R.; Nemethy, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Oddone, P. J.; Paar, H. P.; Park, D. A.; Park, S. K.; Pellet, D. E.; Pripstein, M.; Ronan, M. T.; Ross, R. R.; Rouse, F. R.; Schwitkis, K. A.; Sens, J. C.; Shapiro, G.; Shapiro, M. D.; Shen, B. C.; Slater, W. E.; Smith, J. R.; Steinman, J. S.; Stevenson, M. L.; Stork, D. H.; Strauss, M. G.; Sullivan, M. K.; Takahashi, T.; Thompson, J. R.; Toge, N.; Toutounchi, S.; van Tyen, R.; van Uitert, B.; Vandalen, G. J.; van Daalen Wetters, R. F.; Vernon, W.; Wagner, W.; Wang, E. M.; Wang, Y. X.; Wayne, M. R.; Wenzel, W. A.; White, J. T.; Williams, M. C.; Wolf, Z. R.; Yamamoto, H.; Yellin, S. J.; Zeitlin, C.; Zhang, W.-M.

1986-12-01

17

Investigation of giant resonances via photon decay  

SciTech Connect

We describe some investigations into properties of giant resonances using elastic scattering of fast heavy-ion beams and the coincident detection of the gamma decay of the excited nucleus, using the TAPS array at GANIL. The particular experiments described are the identification of multiphoton giant resonance states and the measurement of projectile excitation, using the KVI forward wall detector.

Varner, R.L.; Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1993-11-01

18

Decay Modes of Narrow Molecular Resonances  

SciTech Connect

The heavy-ion radiative capture reactions 12C(12C,{gamma})24Mg and 12C(16O,{gamma})28Si have been performed on and off resonance at TRIUMF using the Dragon separator and its associated BGO array. The decay of the studied narrow resonances has been shown to proceed predominantly through quasi-bound doorway states which cluster and deformed configurations would have a large overlap with the entry resonance states.

Courtin, S.; Haas, F.; Salsac, M.-D.; Lebhertz, D.; Michalon, A.; Beck, C.; Rousseau, M.; Zafra, A. Sanchez I. [IPHC, UMR-7178, ULP(Strasbourg1) and CNRS/IN2P3, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Jenkins, D. G.; Glover, R. G.; Kent, P. E. [Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Hutcheon, D.; Davis, C.; Pearson, J. E. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Lister, C. J. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2006-08-14

19

Modelling the orbital modulation of ultraviolet resonance lines in high-mass X-ray binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The stellar-wind structure in high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) is investigated through modelling of their ultraviolet (UV) resonance lines. For the OB supergiants in two systems, Vela X-1 and 4U1700-37, high-resolution UV spectra are available; for Cyg X-1, SMC X-1, and LMC X-4 low-resolution spectra are used. In order to account for the non-monotonic velocity structure of the stellar wind, a modified version of the Sobolev Exact Integration (SEI) method by Lamers et al. (\\cite{Lamers87}) is applied. The orbital modulation of the UV resonance lines provides information on the size of the Strömgren zone surrounding the X-ray source. The amplitude of the observed orbital modulation (known as the Hatchett-McCray effect), however, also depends on the density- and velocity structure of the ambient wind. Model profiles are presented that illustrate the effect on the appearance of the HM effect by varying stellar-wind parameters. The q parameter of Hatchett & McCray (\\cite{Hatchett77}), as well as other parameters describing the supergiant's wind structure, are derived for the 5 systems. The X-ray luminosity needed to create the observed size of the Strömgren zone is consistent with the observed X-ray flux. The derived wind parameters are compared to those determined in single OB supergiants of similar spectral type. Our models naturally explain the observed absence of the HM effect in 4U1700-37. The orbital modulation in Vela X-1 indicates that besides the Strömgren zone other structures are present in the stellar wind (such as a photo-ionization wake). The ratio of the wind velocity and the escape velocity is found to be lower in OB supergiants in HMXBs than in single OB supergiants of the same effective temperature. Based on observations obtained with the International Ultraviolet Explorer at Villafranca Tracking Station (ESA) and at Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA).

van Loon, J. Th.; Kaper, L.; Hammerschlag-Hensberge, G.

2001-08-01

20

Photon decay of giant multipole resonances  

SciTech Connect

A brief review of the excitation of giant multipole resonances via Coulomb excitation is given which emphasizes the very large cross sections that can be realized through this reaction for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. Discussion and results where available, are provided for the measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the shingles spectra. 26 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.

1990-01-01

21

Gamma Decay of a Neutron Doorway Resonance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Small admixtures of doorways /d' > in with the dominant doorway /d > are shown to account for the possibility of gamma decay from the neutron fine structure associated with the doorway /d >. The example of low-lying 1/2(+) resonances in 207Pb is investiga...

M. Divadeenam W. P. Beres

1972-01-01

22

Searches for resonances decaying to top  

SciTech Connect

Searches for resonances decaying to top pairs in p{anti p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV are presented. An upper limit on the production of a narrow width resonance is given using 2.1 fb{sup -1} data collected by the D0 experiment. Limits on the couplings of a massive gluon are given and a measurement of the differential cross section d{sigma}/dM{sub t{anti t}} is presented using 1.9 fb{sup -1} data collected by the CDF experiment.

Meyer, Jorg; /Gottingen U.

2008-04-01

23

Ultra high-mass resolution paper spray by fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

Paper Spray Ionization is an atmospheric pressure ionization technique that utilizes an offline electro-osmotic flow to generate ions off a paper medium. This technique can be performed on a Bruker SolariX Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer by modifying the existing nanospray source. High-resolution paper spray spectra were obtained for both organic and biological samples to demonstrate the benefit of linking the technique with a high-resolution mass analyzer. Error values in the range 0.23 to 2.14?ppm were obtained for calf lung surfactant extract with broadband mass resolving power (m/?m(50%)) above 60,000 utilizing an external calibration standard. PMID:22606203

Quinn, Kevin D; Cruickshank, Charmion I; Wood, Troy D

2012-01-01

24

Ultra High-Mass Resolution Paper Spray by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry  

PubMed Central

Paper Spray Ionization is an atmospheric pressure ionization technique that utilizes an offline electro-osmotic flow to generate ions off a paper medium. This technique can be performed on a Bruker SolariX Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer by modifying the existing nanospray source. High-resolution paper spray spectra were obtained for both organic and biological samples to demonstrate the benefit of linking the technique with a high-resolution mass analyzer. Error values in the range 0.23 to 2.14?ppm were obtained for calf lung surfactant extract with broadband mass resolving power (m/?m50%) above 60,000 utilizing an external calibration standard.

Quinn, Kevin D.; Cruickshank, Charmion I.; Wood, Troy D.

2012-01-01

25

Search for high mass ?? resonances ine^ + e^ - to ell ^ + ell ^ - ? ? ,? bar ? ? ? andqbar q? ? at LEP Iat LEP I  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for high mass photon pairs from the processese^ + e^ - to ell ^ + ell ^ - ? ? ,e^ + e^ - to qbar q? ? ande^ + e^ - to ? bar ? ? ? with the DELPHI detector at LEP I is reported. From a data sample containing 3.5 million hadronic Z0 decays, collected by DELPHI during the years 1991 to 1994, 79 events with two charged leptons and two isolated photons were selected with photon pair masses above 10 GeV/c2, where 76±6 events were predicted from standard sources. In the same data sample, no? bar ? ? ? candidates were found and no accumulation of events was visible for ?? masses above 10 GeV/c2 in theqbar q? ? channel. Upper limits at 95% confidence level on the Z0 branching ratios for the three different channels were extracted from the data. In the mass region m ?? >30 GeV/c2 the limits obtained are between 3×10-6 and 4×10-6.

Abreu, P.; Adam, W.; Adye, T.; Agasi, E.; Ajinenko, I.; Aleksan, R.; Alekseev, G. D.; Alemany, R.; Allport, P. P.; Almehed, S.; Amaldi, U.; Amato, S.; Andreazza, A.; Andrieux, M. L.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.-D.; Arnoud, Y.; Åsman, B.; Augustin, J.-E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barate, R.; Barbi, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Baroncelli, A.; Barring, O.; Barrio, J. A.; Bartl, W.; Bates, M. J.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Baudot, J.; Becks, K.-H.; Begalli, M.; Beilliere, P.; Belokopytov, Yu.; Benvenuti, A. C.; Berggren, M.; Bertini, D.; Bertrand, D.; Bianchi, F.; Bigi, M.; Bilenky, M. S.; Billoir, P.; Bloch, D.; Blume, M.; Bolognese, T.; Bonesini, M.; Bonivento, W.; Booth, P. S. L.; Borisov, G.; Bosio, C.; Botner, O.; Boudinov, E.; Bouquet, B.; Bourdarios, C.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bozzo, M.; Branchini, P.; Brand, K. D.; Brenke, T.; Brenner, R. A.; Bricman, C.; Brown, R. C. A.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.-M.; Bugge, L.; Buran, T.; Burgsmueller, T.; Buschmann, P.; Buys, A.; Cabrera, S.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camacho Rozas, A. J.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Canepa, M.; Cankocak, K.; Cao, F.; Carena, F.; Carroll, L.; Caso, C.; Castillo Gimenez, M. V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F. R.; Chabaud, V.; Charpentier, Ph.; Chaussard, L.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G. A.; Chen, M.; Chierici, R.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chochula, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chudoba, J.; Cindro, V.; Collins, P.; Contreras, J. L.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Cossutti, F.; Crawley, H. B.; Crennell, D.; Crosetti, G.; Maestro, J. Cuevas; Czellar, S.; Dahl-Jensen, E.; Dahm, J.; Dalmagne, B.; Dam, M.; Damgaard, G.; Dauncey, P. D.; Davenport, M.; Silva, W. Da; Defoix, C.; Deghorain, A.; Ricca, G. Della; Delpierre, P.; Demaria, N.; de Angelis, A.; de Boer, W.; de Brabandere, S.; de Clercq, C.; de La Vaissiere, C.; de Lotto, B.; de Min, A.; de Paula, L.; de Saint-Jean, C.; Dijkstra, H.; di Ciaccio, L.; Djama, F.; Dolbeau, J.; Donszelmann, M.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Drees, K.-A.; Dris, M.; Durand, J.-D.; Edsall, D.; Ehret, R.; Eigen, G.; Ekelof, T.; Ekspong, G.; Elsing, M.; Engel, J.-P.; Erzen, B.; Santo, M. Espirito; Falk, E.; Fassouliotis, D.; Feindt, M.; Fenyuk, A.; Ferrer, A.; Fichet, S.; Filippas, T. A.; Firestone, A.; Fischer, P.-A.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Formenti, F.; Franek, B.; Frenkiel, P.; Fries, D. C.; Frodesen, A. G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Fuster, J.; Galloni, A.; Gamba, D.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Garcia, J.; Gaspar, C.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, Ph.; Gazis, E. N.; Gele, D.; Gerber, J.-P.; Gibbs, M.; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Gopal, G.; Gorn, L.; Gorski, M.; Gouz, Yu.; Gracco, V.; Graziani, E.; Grosdidier, G.; Grzelak, K.; Gumenyuk, S.; Gunnarsson, P.; Gunther, M.; Guy, J.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, S.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hao, W.; Harris, F. J.; Hedberg, V.; Henriques, R.; Hernandez, J. J.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hessing, T. L.; Higon, E.; Hilke, H. J.; Hill, T. S.; Holmgren, S.-O.; Holt, P. J.; Holthuizen, D.; Hoorelbeke, S.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Huet, K.; Hultqvist, K.; Jackson, J. N.; Jacobsson, R.; Jalocha, P.; Janik, R.; Jarlskog, Ch.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Johansson, E. K.; Jonsson, L.; Jonsson, P.; Joram, C.; Juillot, P.; Kaiser, M.; Kapusta, F.; Karafasoulis, K.; Karlsson, M.; Karvelas, E.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E. C.; Keranen, R.; Khokhlov, Yu.; Khomenko, B. A.; Khovanski, N. N.; King, B.; Kjaer, N. J.; Klein, H.; Klovning, A.; Kluit, P.; Koene, B.; Kokkinias, P.; Koratzinos, M.; Korcyl, K.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kramer, P.-H.; Krammer, M.; Kreuter, C.; Kronkvist, I.; Krumstein, Z.; Krupinski, W.; Kubinec, P.; Kucewicz, W.; Kurvinen, K.; Lacasta, C.; Laktineh, I.; Lamsa, J. W.; Lanceri, L.; Lane, D. W.; Langefeld, P.; Last, I.; Laugier, J.-P.; Lauhakangas, R.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, F.; Lefebure, V.; Legan, C. K.; Leitner, R.; Lemoigne, Y.; Lemonne, J.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Lesiak, T.; Libby, J.; Liko, D.; Lindner, R.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loerstad, B.; Loken, J. G.; Lopez, J. M.; Loukas, D.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; MacNaughton, J.; Maehlum, G.; Maio, A.; Malmgren, T. G. M.; Malychev, V.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marco, R.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.-C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Maron, T.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Marti I Garcia, S.; Masik, J.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, M.; Cubbin, M. Mc; Kay, R. Mc; Nulty, R. Mc; Medbo, J.; Merk, M.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, S.; Meyer, W. T.; Miagkov, A.; Michelotto, M.; Migliore, E.; Mirabito, L.; Mitaroff, W. A.; Mjoernmark, U.; Moa, T.; Moeller, R.; Moenig, K.; Monge, M. R.; Morettini, P.; Mueller, H.; Mundim, L. M.; Murray, W. J.; Muryn, B.; Myatt, G.; Naraghi, F.; Navarria, F. L.; Navas, S.; Nawrocki, K.; Negri, P.; Neumann, W.; Neumeister, N.; Nicolaidou, R.

1996-06-01

26

Search for high mass $\\\\gamma\\\\gamma$ resonances in e+e- --> l$^{+}$l$^{-}\\\\gamma\\\\gamma$, $\\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for high mass photon pairs from the processes ${\\\\mathrm e}^+ {\\\\mathrm e}^- \\\\to \\\\ell^+ \\\\ell^- \\\\gamma \\\\gamma\\\\ $, ${\\\\mathrm e}^+ {\\\\mathrm e}^- \\\\to {\\\\mathrm \\\

P Abreu; W Adam; T Adye; E Agasi; I Ajinenko; Roy Aleksan; G D Alekseev; R Alemany; P P Allport; S Almehed; Ugo Amaldi; S Amato; A Andreazza; M L Andrieux; P Antilogus; W D Apel; Y Arnoud; B Åsman; J E Augustin; A Augustinus; Paul Baillon; P Bambade; F Barão; R Barate; M S Barbi; Dimitri Yuri Bardin; A Baroncelli; O Bärring; J A Barrio; Walter Bartl; M J Bates; Marco Battaglia; M Baubillier; J Baudot; K H Becks; M Begalli; P Beillière; Yu A Belokopytov; Alberto C Benvenuti; M Berggren; D Bertini; D Bertrand; F Bianchi; M Bigi; S M Bilenky; P Billoir; D Bloch; M Blume; T Bolognese; M Bonesini; W Bonivento; P S L Booth; G Borisov; C Bosio; O Botner; E Boudinov; B Bouquet; C Bourdarios; T J V Bowcock; M Bozzo; P Branchini; K D Brand; T Brenke; R A Brenner; C Bricman; R C A Brown; P Brückman; J M Brunet; L Bugge; T Buran; T Burgsmüller; P Buschmann; A Buys; S Cabrera; M Caccia; M Calvi; A J Camacho-Rozas; T Camporesi; V Canale; M Canepa; K Cankocak; F Cao; F Carena; L Carroll; Carlo Caso; M V Castillo-Gimenez; A Cattai; F R Cavallo; V Chabaud; P Charpentier; L Chaussard; P Checchia; G A Chelkov; M Chen; R Chierici; P V Chliapnikov; P Chochula; V Chorowicz; J Chudoba; V Cindro; P Collins; J L Contreras; R Contri; E Cortina; G Cosme; F Cossutti; H B Crawley; D J Crennell; G Crosetti; J Cuevas-Maestro; S Czellar; Erik Dahl-Jensen; J Dahm; B D'Almagne; M Dam; G Damgaard; P D Dauncey; Martyn Davenport; W Da Silva; C Defoix; A Deghorain; G Della Ricca; P A Delpierre; N Demaria; A De Angelis; Wim de Boer; S De Brabandere; C De Clercq; C de La Vaissière; B De Lotto; A De Min; L S De Paula; C De Saint-Jean; H Dijkstra; Lucia Di Ciaccio; F Djama; J Dolbeau; M Dönszelmann; K Doroba; M Dracos; J Drees; K A Drees; M Dris; J D Durand; D M Edsall; R Ehret; G Eigen; T J C Ekelöf; Gösta Ekspong; M Elsing; J P Engel; B Erzen; M C Espirito-Santo; E Falk; D Fassouliotis; Michael Feindt; A Ferrer; S Fichet; A Filippas-Tassos; A Firestone; P A Fischer; H Föth; E Fokitis; F Fontanelli; F Formenti; B J Franek; P Frenkiel; Dietrich E C Fries; A G Frodesen; R Frühwirth; F Fulda-Quenzer; J A Fuster; A Galloni; D Gamba; M Gandelman; C García; J García; C Gaspar; U Gasparini; P Gavillet; E N Gazis; D Gelé; J P Gerber; M Gibbs; R Gokieli; B Golob; Gian P Gopal; L Gorn; M Górski; Yu Guz; Valerio Gracco; E Graziani; G Grosdidier; K Grzelak; S A Gumenyuk; P Gunnarsson; M Günther; J Guy; F Hahn; S Hahn; A Hallgren; K Hamacher; W Hao; F J Harris; V Hedberg; R P Henriques; J J Hernández; P Herquet; H Herr; T L Hessing; E Higón; Hans Jürgen Hilke; T S Hill; S O Holmgren; P J Holt; D J Holthuizen; S Hoorelbeke; M A Houlden; Josef Hrubec; K Huet; K Hultqvist; J N Jackson; R Jacobsson; P Jalocha; R Janik; C Jarlskog; G Jarlskog; P Jarry; B Jean-Marie; E K Johansson; L B Jönsson; P E Jönsson; Christian Joram; P Juillot; M Kaiser; F Kapusta; K Karafasoulis; M Karlsson; E Karvelas; S Katsanevas; E C Katsoufis; R Keränen; Yu A Khokhlov; B A Khomenko; N N Khovanskii; B J King; N J Kjaer; H Klein; A Klovning; P M Kluit; B Köne; P Kokkinias; M Koratzinos; K Korcyl; C Kourkoumelis; O Kuznetsov; P H Kramer; Manfred Krammer; C Kreuter; I J Kronkvist; Z Krumshtein; W Krupinski; P Kubinec; W Kucewicz; K L Kurvinen; C Lacasta; I Laktineh; J Lamsa; L Lanceri; P Langefeld; I Last; J P Laugier; R Lauhakangas; Gerhard Leder; F Ledroit; V Lefébure; C K Legan; R Leitner; Y Lemoigne; J Lemonne; Georg Lenzen; V Lepeltier; T Lesiak; J Libby; D Liko; R Lindner; A Lipniacka; I Lippi; B Lörstad; J G Loken; J M López; D Loukas; P Lutz; L Lyons; J N MacNaughton; G Maehlum; A Maio; T G M Malmgren; V Malychev; F Mandl; J Marco; R P Marco; B Maréchal; M Margoni; J C Marin; C Mariotti; A Markou; T Maron; C Martínez-Rivero; F Martínez-Vidal; S Martí i García; J Masik; F Matorras; C Matteuzzi; Giorgio Matthiae; M Mazzucato; M L McCubbin; R McKay; R McNulty; J Medbo; M Merk; C Meroni; S Meyer; W T Meyer; A Myagkov; M Michelotto; E Migliore; L Mirabito; Winfried A Mitaroff; U Mjörnmark; T Moa; R Møller; K Mönig; M R Monge; P Morettini; H Müller; L M Mundim; W J Murray; B Muryn; Gerald Myatt; F Naraghi; Francesco Luigi Navarria; S Navas; K Nawrocki; P Negri; W Neumann; N Neumeister; R Nicolaidou; B S Nielsen; M Nieuwenhuizen; V Nikolaenko; P Niss; A Nomerotski; Ainsley Normand; M Novák; W Oberschulte-Beckmann; V F Obraztsov; A G Olshevskii; A Onofre; Risto Orava; K Österberg; A Ouraou; P Paganini; M Paganoni; P Pagès; R Pain; H Palka; T D Papadopoulou; K Papageorgiou; L Pape; C Parkes; F Parodi; A Passeri; M Pegoraro; L Peralta; Manfred Pernicka; A Perrotta; C Petridou; A Petrolini; M Petrovykh; H T Phillips; G Piana; F Pierre; M Pimenta; S Plaszczynski; O Podobrin; M E Pol; G Polok; P Poropat; V Pozdnyakov; M Prest; P Privitera; N Pukhaeva; Antonio Pullia; D Radojicic; S Ragazzi; H Rahmani; P N Ratoff; A L Read; M Reale; P Rebecchi; N G Redaelli

1996-01-01

27

Heavy meson decays into light resonances  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the Lorentz structures of weak decay matrix elements between meson states of arbitrary spin. Simplifications arise in the transition amplitudes for a heavy meson decaying into the light one via a Bethe-Salpeter approach which incorporates heavy quark symmetry. The phenomenological consequences of our results on several semileptonic, nonleptonic, and flavor-changing neutral-current-induced decays of heavy flavored mesons are derived and discussed.

Delbourgo, R.; Liu, D. (Department of Physics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, (Australia))

1995-01-01

28

Observation of resonant Interatomic Coulombic Decay in Ne clusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have measured the electron spectra of Ne clusters after excitation with photon energies around the 2s inner valence threshold. At two photon energies below threshold, a resonantly enhanced surplus of low kinetic-energy electrons is observed. The kinetic energy of the peak does not vary with the photon energy and is slightly larger than the transition energy of Interatomic Coulombic Decay (ICD) above threshold. This leads us to assume that an ICD-like process is present. In analogy to the Auger and the resonant Auger decay this new phenomenon is termed resonant ICD.

Barth, S.; Joshi, S.; Marburger, S.; Ulrich, V.; Lindblad, A.; Öhrwall, G.; Björneholm, O.; Hergenhahn, U.

2005-06-01

29

A dual electrospray ionization source combined with hexapole accumulation to achieve high mass accuracy of biopolymers in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dual electrospray ionization (ESI) source employed with hexapole accumulation and gated trapping provides a novel method\\u000a of using an internal standard to achieve high mass accuracies in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.\\u000a Two ESI emitters are sequentially positioned in front of the heated metal capillary inlet by a solenoid fitted to an XYZ micromanipulator;\\u000a one emitter contains

James C. Hannis; David C. Muddiman

2000-01-01

30

Direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) has been studied in 208Pb using the (?,??p) reaction at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. Through observation of direct-decay protons from the ISGDR in coincidence with scattered ?-particles, the population of proton–hole states in 207Tl was studied, allowing us to test recently performed continuum-RPA (CRPA) calculations for the

M. Hunyadi; N. Blasi; C. Bäumer; M. Csatlós; L. Csige; B. Davids; U. Garg; J. Gulyás; M. N Harakeh; M. A de Huu; B. C Junk; A. Krasznahorkay; S. Rakers; D. Sohler; H. J Wörtche

2003-01-01

31

Detection of fungal wood decay using Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fagus sylvatica   L.) infected with the brown rot fungus Coniophora puteana (Schum.) Karst was examined 12 and 26 days after incubation using magnetic resonance imaging. We were able to detect areas\\u000a containing free water attributed to fungal activity 12 days after incubation. Magnetic resonance imaging was found to be a\\u000a useful tool for determining early stages of fungal decay in

Ulrich Müller; Roland Bammer; Erhard Halmschlager; Rudolf Stollberger; Rupert Wimmer

2001-01-01

32

J/(psi) production and decay at the Z resonance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Large Electron Positron collider (LEP) bunches of electrons and positrons are brought in collision. At a collision energy of 91.2 GeV the Z resonance is excited. The Z boson, the uncharged mediator of the weak force, decays into a particle and an a...

P. Vikas

1994-01-01

33

Scaling versus fireball behaviour in dual resonance decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dual resonance model is used to calculate inclusive single particle distributions for the decay of a heavy cluster with fixed spin. In the statistical average, with equal weights and random phases for all degenerate states, the resulting spectrum provides, for a wide range of cluster masses and spins, a linearly exponential cut-off: the same behaviour as found in the

I. Andric; H. Satz; I. Dadic

1975-01-01

34

Neutron decay of giant resonances in /sup 208/Pb  

SciTech Connect

The neutron decay of the giant multipole resonance region between 9 to 15 MeV in /sup 208/Pb has been studied. The giant resonances were excited by inelastic scattering of /sup 17/O at 380 MeV. Neutrons from /sup 208/Pb and ..gamma.. rays from /sup 207/Pb were detected in the ORNL Spin Spectrometer and the /sup 17/O in ..delta..E-E silicon detector telescopes. The neutron branching ratios for the decay to the ground state and to the low lying excited states of /sup 207/Pb were measured as a function of the excitation energy of /sup 208/Pb and compared to Hauser-Feshbach calculations. Evidence for non statistical neutron decay to selected single-hole states, and to hole-surface vibration and hole-pairing vibration coupled states was found. 18 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

Bracco, A.; Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.; Halbert, M.L.; Auble, R.L.; Hensley, D.C.; Horen, D.J.; Robinson, R.L.; Sayer, R.O.

1986-01-01

35

Decay properties of giant multipole resonances: Collective doorways and statistical doorways  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical framework for the description of the decay of giant multipole resonances is developed. It is shown that the statistical decay of the giant resonance is not necessarily described by the Hauser-Feshbach theory because of the existence of a mixing parameter. The contribution of pre-equilibrium emission to the giant-resonance decay is also discussed. Application is made to the decay of the giant monopole resonance of /sup 208/Pb.

Dias, H.; Hussein, M.S.; Adhikari, S.K.

1986-10-20

36

Direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) has been studied in 208Pb using the ( ?, ?? p) reaction at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. Through observation of direct-decay protons from the ISGDR in coincidence with scattered ?-particles, the population of proton-hole states in 207Tl was studied, allowing us to test recently performed continuum-RPA (CRPA) calculations for the ISGDR and thereby to learn about its microscopic structure. The energy and width of the ISGDR were also determined to be 22.1±0.3 MeV and 3.8±0.8 MeV, respectively. A new resonance of quadrupole character was observed at Ex=26.9±0.7 MeV with a width of 6.0±1.3 MeV.

Hunyadi, M.; van den Berg, A. M.; Blasi, N.; Bäumer, C.; Csatlós, M.; Csige, L.; Davids, B.; Garg, U.; Gulyás, J.; Harakeh, M. N.; de Huu, M. A.; Junk, B. C.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Rakers, S.; Sohler, D.; Wörtche, H. J.

2003-12-01

37

J/??pp¯? decay in the isobar resonance model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the effective Lagrangian approach, the J/??pp¯? decay is studied in an isobar resonance model with the assumption that the ?-meson is produced from intermediate nucleon resonances. The contributions from the N1/2-*(1535), N3/2+*(1900), N1/2-*(2090) and N1/2+*(2100) states are considered. In terms of the coupling constants g?NN*2 and g?NN*2 extracted from the reaction cross section of the ?-p?n? process, and the partial decay widths of the J/??pp¯? and J/??pn¯?- processes, respectively, the invariant mass spectrum and the Dalitz plot for J/??pp¯? decay are predicted. It is shown that there are two types of results. In the type I case, a large peak structure around 2.09 GeV implies that a considerable amount of N? or qqqss¯ component may exist in the narrow-width N1/2-*(2090) state, but a tiny qqqss¯ component in the broad-width N1/2+*(2100) state. In the type II case, a small peak around 2.11 GeV may only indicate the existence of a certain amount of p? or qqqss¯ component in the narrow-width N1/2+*(2100) state, but no information for the broad-width N1/2-*(2090) state. Further BESIII data with high statistics would help us to distinguish the strange structures of these N*s.

Dai, Jian-Ping; Shen, Peng-Nian; Xie, Ju-Jun; Zou, Bing-Song

2012-01-01

38

Probing Resonance Decays to Two Visible and Multiple Invisible Particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the decay of a generic resonance to two visible particles and any number of invisible particles. We show that the shape of the invariant mass distribution of the two visible particles is sensitive to both the mass spectrum of the new particles, as well as the decay topology. We provide the analytical formulas describing the invariant mass shapes for the nine simplest topologies (with up to two invisible particles in the final state). Any such distribution can be simply categorized by its end point, peak location, and curvature, which are typically sufficient to discriminate among the competing topologies. In each case, we list the effective mass parameters which can be measured by experiment. In certain cases, the invariant mass shape is sufficient to completely determine the new particle mass spectrum, including the overall mass scale.

Cho, Won Sang; Kim, Doojin; Matchev, Konstantin T.; Park, Myeonghun

2014-05-01

39

The acoustic signature of decaying resonant phospholipid microbubbles.  

PubMed

Sub-capillary sized microbubbles offer improved techniques for diagnosis and therapy of vascular related disease using ultrasound. Their physical interaction with ultrasound remains an active research field that aims to optimize techniques. The aim of this study is to investigate whether controlled microbubble disruption upon exposure to consecutive ultrasound exposures can be achieved. Single lipid-shelled microbubble scattered echoes have been measured in response to two consecutive imaging pulses, using a calibrated micro-acoustic system. The nonlinear evolution of microbubble echoes provides an exact signature above and below primary and secondary resonance, which has been identified using theoretical results based on the Mooney-Rivlin strain softening shell model. Decaying microbubbles follow an irreversible trajectory through the resonance peak, causing the evolution of specific microbubble spectral signatures. The characteristics of the microbubble motion causes varying amounts of shell material to be lost during microbubble decay. Incident ultrasound field parameters can thus accurately manipulate the regulated shedding of shell material, which has applications for both imaging applications and localized drug delivery strategies. PMID:23318409

Thomas, D H; Butler, M; Pelekasis, N; Anderson, T; Stride, E; Sboros, V

2013-02-01

40

The acoustic signature of decaying resonant phospholipid microbubbles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sub-capillary sized microbubbles offer improved techniques for diagnosis and therapy of vascular related disease using ultrasound. Their physical interaction with ultrasound remains an active research field that aims to optimize techniques. The aim of this study is to investigate whether controlled microbubble disruption upon exposure to consecutive ultrasound exposures can be achieved. Single lipid-shelled microbubble scattered echoes have been measured in response to two consecutive imaging pulses, using a calibrated micro-acoustic system. The nonlinear evolution of microbubble echoes provides an exact signature above and below primary and secondary resonance, which has been identified using theoretical results based on the Mooney-Rivlin strain softening shell model. Decaying microbubbles follow an irreversible trajectory through the resonance peak, causing the evolution of specific microbubble spectral signatures. The characteristics of the microbubble motion causes varying amounts of shell material to be lost during microbubble decay. Incident ultrasound field parameters can thus accurately manipulate the regulated shedding of shell material, which has applications for both imaging applications and localized drug delivery strategies.

Thomas, D. H.; Butler, M.; Pelekasis, N.; Anderson, T.; Stride, E.; Sboros, V.

2013-02-01

41

Gamma decay of isoscalar and isovector giant resonances following heavy-ion inelastic scattering  

SciTech Connect

Results from studies of gamma decay of giant resonances in /sup 208/Pb and /sup 90/Zr following inelastic excitation by 22 and 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O ions are presented. Data on ground state decay of isoscalar giant quadrupole and isovector giant dipole resonances are presented and compared with calculations. Decays from resonances to low lying excited states are also discussed. Preliminary results from an attempt to isolate the isovector quadrupole resonance in /sup 208/Pb using its gamma decay are presented.

Beene, J.R.; Varner, R.L.; Bertrand, F.E.

1987-01-01

42

Search for High-Mass \\boldmath$e^+e^-$ Resonances in \\boldmath$p\\bar{p}$ Collisions at \\boldmath$\\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

A search for high-mass resonances in the e{sup +}e{sup -} final state is presented based on {radical}s =1.96 TeV p{bar p} collision data from the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron from an integrated luminosity of 2.5 fb{sup -1}. The largest excess over the standard model prediction is at an e{sup +}e{sup -} invariant mass of 240 GeV/c{sup 2}. The probability of observing such an excess arising from fluctuations in the standard model anywhere in the mass range of 150-1,000 GeV/c{sup 2} is 0.6% (equivalent to 2.5 {sigma}). We set Bayesian upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} X) {center_dot} {Beta}(X {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) at the 95% credibility level, where X is a spin 1 or spin 2 particle, and we exclude the standard model coupling Z{prime} and the Randall-Sundrum graviton for {kappa}/{bar M}{sub Pl} = 0.1 with masses below 963 and 848 GeV/c{sup 2}, respectively.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Albrow, Michael G.; /Fermilab; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /CSIC, Catalunya; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, Dante E.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, Alberto; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab /Purdue U.

2008-10-01

43

Gamma decay of giant resonances excited by heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

Experiments on /sup 208/Pb bombarded by /sup 17/O at 22 MeV/nucleon (ORNL) and 84 MeV nucleon (GANIL) are reviewed. Inelastically scattered projectiles were detected at forward angles in coincidence with gamma rays seen in NaI (ORNL) or in BaF/sub 2/ (GANIL). The /sup 17/O were identified by 6 Si telescopes covering THETA = 11. 5/degree/--14.5/degree/ (ORNL) or by the focal-plane detector system of the energy-loss spectrometer SPEG, set to accept THETA = 1. 5/degree/--5.0/degree/ (GANIL). The ..gamma..-ray data provide information on the multipole character of various parts of the giant resonance region, matrix elements between the GR region and low-lying states in /sup 208/Pb, and the relative contribution of direct and compound process to ..gamma../sub 0/ decay. At the higher energy the 9--15 MeV GR region is excited very strongly. The isovector giant dipole is dominant over most of the angles studied. Significant contributions from the isoscalar giant quadrupole and monopole resonances are also present. Decomposition of the GR into L = 1, 2, and 0 components was based on coincidences with the overwhelmingly dipole ..gamma../sub 0/ transitions. The magnitude (1.7 +- 0.2%) and energy distribution of the ..gamma../sub 0/ branch can be reproduced well by a parameter-free calculation. The ..gamma../sub 0/ decay of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance is more easily observed at the lower energy. The ..gamma../sub 0/ angular correlations confirm the presence of E2 radiation from states in the 9--11 MeV region. The B(E2) implies that the ratio of neutron to proton matrix elements is consistent with the expected value of N/Z. This conclusion is confirmed by evidence form Coulomb-nuclear interference in the singles data at 84 MeV/nucleon. Photon decays to excited states indicate that 4/sup +/ and/or 6/sup +/ strength is present around 9--10 MeV, and are consistent with a monopole contribution from 12.5--15.5 MeV. 20 refs., 14 figs.

Halbert, M.L.

1988-01-01

44

Observation of two charged bottomoniumlike resonances in ?(5S) decays.  

PubMed

We report the observation of two narrow structures in the mass spectra of the ?(±)?(nS) (n=1, 2, 3) and ?(±)h(b)(mP) (m=1, 2) pairs that are produced in association with a single charged pion in ?(5S) decays. The measured masses and widths of the two structures averaged over the five final states are M(1)=(10,607.2±2.0)??MeV/c2, ?(1)=(18.4±2.4)??MeV, and M(2)=(10,652.2±1.5)??MeV/c2, ?(2)=(11.5±2.2)??MeV. The results are obtained with a 121.4??fb(-1) data sample collected with the Belle detector in the vicinity of the ?(5S) resonance at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+ e- collider. PMID:22540572

Bondar, A; Garmash, A; Mizuk, R; Santel, D; Kinoshita, K; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Asner, D M; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Barberio, E; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bischofberger, M; Bozek, A; Bra?ko, M; Browder, T E; Chang, M-C; Chang, P; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, I-S; Cho, K; Choi, S-K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Fast, J E; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayasaka, K; Hoshi, Y; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, Y; Iwashita, T; Julius, T; Kang, J H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, N; Koblitz, S; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Kuhr, T; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Lange, J S; Lee, S-H; Li, J; Li, Y; Libby, J; Liu, C; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; Matvienko, D; McOnie, S; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mohanty, G B; Moll, A; Muramatsu, N; Mussa, R; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Neubauer, S; Niiyama, M; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nitoh, O; Nozaki, T; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, H; Park, H K; Pedlar, T K; Petri?, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Prim, M; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Santel, D; Sanuki, T; Schneider, O; Schwanda, C; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shibata, T-A; Shiu, J-G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y-S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stari?, M; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tanaka, S; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Ushiroda, Y; Vahsen, S E; Varner, G; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C H; Wang, M-Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, Y; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A; Zyukova, O

2012-03-23

45

Low temperature exponential and linear free decay of third sound resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low temperature free decays of third sound resonances show weak exponential attenuation at low amplitudes. A variety of behaviors has been observed at high amplitudes including stronger exponential decays and occasional linear decays. The flow velocities characteristic of the onset of these non linear effects are typically 1cm/s. Pinned vortices appear to play a major role in the damping.

Ellis, F. M.; Luo, H.

1991-02-01

46

Resonance effects in pion and kaon decay constants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we study the impact of the lightest vector and scalar resonance multiplets in the pion and kaon decay constants up to next-to-leading order in the 1/NC expansion, i.e., up to the one-loop level. The F? and FK predictions obtained within the framework of resonance chiral theory are confronted with lattice simulation data. The vector loops (and the ?-?? coupling GV in particular) are found to play a crucial role in the determination of the chiral perturbation theory couplings L4 and L5 at next-to-leading order in 1/NC. Puzzling, values of GV?40 MeV seem to be necessary to agree with current phenomenological results for L4 and L5. Conversely, a value of GV?60 MeV compatible with standard ? -?? determinations turns these chiral couplings negative. However, in spite of the strong anti-correlation with L4, the SU(3) chiral coupling F0 remains stable all the time and stays within the range 78˜86 MeV when GV is varied in a wide range, from 40 up to 70 MeV. Finally, we would like to remark that the leading order expressions used in this article for the ?-?' mixing, mass splitting of the vector multiplet masses and the quark mass dependence of the ?(770) mass are found in reasonable agreement with the lattice data.

Guo, Zhi-Hui; Sanz-Cillero, Juan José

2014-05-01

47

Decay of the giant Gamow-Teller resonance in /sup 208/Bi  

SciTech Connect

In coincidence with tritons from the reaction /sup 208/Pb(/sup 3/He,t)/sup 208/Bi proton spectra corresponding to decay into definite final states in /sup 207/Pb have been measured. The coincidence yield is described as exclusively coming from the decay of two resonances, the isobaric analog resonance (IAR) and the Gamow-Teller (GT) resonance. An analysis in terms of a formation cross section times a branching ratio gives a good description for the IAR and for the shape of the GT resonance. The yield from the GT resonance is however an order of magnitude larger than calculated.

Gaarde, C.; Larsen, J.S.; Drentje, A.G.; Harakeh, M.N.; van der Werf, S.Y.

1981-04-06

48

Autoionisation versus radiative decay of resonances in electron impact excitation cross sections  

Microsoft Academic Search

As shown by Pradhan (1981) the contribution of resonances to electron impact excitation cross sections may be reduced drastically by radiative decay of the resonance. It is shown here that this effect is important only in certain cases of which highly charged helium-like ions are the most prominent. In other ions, where the most important resonance series converge to target

E. Trefftz

1983-01-01

49

A dual electrospray ionization source combined with hexapole accumulation to achieve high mass accuracy of biopolymers in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

A dual electrospray ionization (ESI) source employed with hexapole accumulation and gated trapping provides a novel method of using an internal standard to achieve high mass accuracies in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Two ESI emitters are sequentially positioned in front of the heated metal capillary inlet by a solenoid fitted to an XYZ micromanipulator; one emitter contains the analyte(s) of interest and the other an internal standard. A 5 V transistor-transistor logic pulse from the data station controls the solenoid by means of a solid-state relay so that matching of spectral peak intensities (i.e., analyte and internal standard intensities) can be accomplished by adjusting the hexapole accumulation time for each species. Polythymidine, d(pT)18, was used as the internal standard for all studies reported here. The absolute average error for an internally calibrated 15-mer oligonucleotide (theoretical monoisotopic mass = 4548.769 Da) was -1.1 ppm (external calibration: 41 ppm) with a standard deviation of +/-3.0 ppm (external calibration: +/-24 ppm) for a total of 25 spectra obtained at various hexapole accumulation time ratios. Linear least squares regression analysis was carried out and revealed a linear dependence of the magnitudes of the peak height ratios (analyte/internal standard) vs. hexapole accumulation time ratios (analyte/internal standard) which is described by the following equation: y = 0.45 x - 0.02. The fitted line had a %RSD of the slope of 28% with an R2 of 0.93. The applicability of this methodology was extended to a polymerase chain reaction product with a theoretical average molecular mass of 50,849.20 Da. With the internal standard, d(pT)18, an absolute average error of -8.9 ppm (external calibration: 44 ppm) based on five measurements was achieved with a standard deviation of 11 ppm (external calibration: +/-36 ppm), thus illustrating this method's use for characterizing large biomolecules such as those encountered in genomics and proteomics related research. PMID:11014449

Hannis, J C; Muddiman, D C

2000-10-01

50

Excitation and photon decay of giant resonances excited by intermediate energy heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic scattering of medium energy heavy ions provides very large cross sections and peak-to-continuum ratios for excitation of giant resonances. For energies above about 50 MeV/nucleon, giant resonances are excited primarily through Coulomb excitation, which is indifferent to isospin, thus providing a good probe for the study of isovector giant resonances. The extremely large cross sections available from heavy ion excitation permit the study of rare decay modes of the giant resonances. In particular, recent measurements have been made of the photon decay of giant resonances following excitation by 22 and 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O projectiles. The singles results at 84 MeV/nucleon yield peak cross sections for the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance and the isovector giant dipole resonance of approximately 0.8 and 3 barns/sr, respectively. Data on the ground state decay of the isoscalar giant quadrupole and isovector giant dipole resonances are presented and compared with calculations. Decays to low-lying excited states are also discussed. Preliminary results from an experiment to isolate the /sup 208/Pb isovector quadrupole resonance using its gamma decay are presented. 22 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.

Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.

1987-01-01

51

Search for new high-mass particles decaying to Lepton pairs in pp collisions at square root s = 1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

A search for new particles (X) that decay to electron or muon pairs has been performed using approximately 200 pb(-1) of pp collision data at (square root) s = 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Limits on sigma(pp --> X)BR (X --> ll) are presented as a function of dilepton invariant mass m(ll) > 150 GeV/c2, for different spin hypotheses (0, 1, or 2). The limits are approximately 25 fb for m(ll) > GeV/c2. Lower mass bounds for X from representative models beyond the standard model including heavy neutral gauge bosons are presented. PMID:16384448

Abulencia, A; Acosta, D; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arguin, J-F; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bishai, M; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Bloom, K; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Bourov, S; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chapman, J; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chu, P H; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciljak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Connolly, A; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cruz, A; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cyr, D; Daronco, S; D'Auria, S; D'onofrio, M; Dagenhart, D; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; Dell'Orso, M; Demers, S; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Dionisi, C; Dittmann, J R; Dituro, P; Dörr, C; Dominguez, A; Donati, S; Donega, M; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Efron, J; Ehlers, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Flores-Castillo, L R; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Fujii, Y; Furic, I; Gajjar, A; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Garcia Sciveres, M; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerchtein, E; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C; Giolo, K; Giordani, M; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Y; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Hahn, K; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Hayward, H; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Hennecke, M; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Huston, J; Ikado, K; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kang, J; Karagoz-Unel, M; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, M S; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirby, M; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, H; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Kordas, K; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreps, M; Kreymer, A; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhlmann, S E; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; Lecci, C; Lecompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Li, K; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Liss, T M; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Liu, Y; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; Macqueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maksimovic, P; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McGivern, D; McIntyre, P; McNamara, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; von der Mey, M; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Miquel, R; Miscetti, S; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Mulhearn, M; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Nahn, S; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Naumov, D; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Ogawa, T

2005-12-16

52

Observation of a Resonance in B+?K+?+?- Decays at Low Recoil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A broad peaking structure is observed in the dimuon spectrum of B+?K+?+?- decays in the kinematic region where the kaon has a low recoil against the dimuon system. The structure is consistent with interference between the B+?K+?+?- decay and a resonance and has a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations. The mean and width of the resonance are measured to be 4191-8+9MeV/c2 and 65-16+22MeV/c2, respectively, where the uncertainties include statistical and systematic contributions. These measurements are compatible with the properties of the ?(4160) meson. First observations of both the decay B+??(4160)K+ and the subsequent decay ?(4160)??+?- are reported. The resonant decay and the interference contribution make up 20% of the yield for dimuon masses above 3770MeV/c2. This contribution is larger than theoretical estimates.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Adrover, C.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A., Jr.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Baesso, C.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Burducea, I.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Chen, P.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Cowie, E.; Craik, D. C.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Dogaru, M.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; van Eijk, D.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Fardell, G.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Furcas, S.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garosi, P.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gorbounov, P.; Gordon, H.; Gotti, C.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Hess, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hicks, E.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hopchev, P.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Huse, T.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Keune, A.; Khanji, B.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Mancinelli, G.; Maratas, J.; Marconi, U.; Marino, P.; Märki, R.; Marks, J.

2013-09-01

53

Observation of a resonance in B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decays at low recoil.  

PubMed

A broad peaking structure is observed in the dimuon spectrum of B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decays in the kinematic region where the kaon has a low recoil against the dimuon system. The structure is consistent with interference between the B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decay and a resonance and has a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations. The mean and width of the resonance are measured to be 4191(-8)(+9)??MeV/c2 and 65(-16)(+22)??MeV/c2, respectively, where the uncertainties include statistical and systematic contributions. These measurements are compatible with the properties of the ?(4160) meson. First observations of both the decay B+ ? ?(4160)K+ and the subsequent decay ?(4160) ? ?+ ?- are reported. The resonant decay and the interference contribution make up 20% of the yield for dimuon masses above 3770??MeV/c2. This contribution is larger than theoretical estimates. PMID:24074076

Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Cowie, E; Craik, D C; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gorbounov, P; Gordon, H; Gotti, C; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hess, M; Hicheur, A; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jawahery, A; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Maratas, J; Marconi, U; Marino, P; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Martynov, A; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNab, A; McNulty, R; McSkelly, B; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M-N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mordà, A; Morello, M J; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B

2013-09-13

54

Direct contributions to the decay of isoscalar giant resonances in 58Ni  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proton and ?-particle emission from giant resonances in 58Ni excited by inelastic ? scattering at 129 MeV into 0° has been investigated. By this choice of kinematic conditions quasifree contributions to the coincidence cross sections were eliminated. The sequential decay processes show a population of low-lying states which exceed Hauser-Feshbach predictions substantially, indicating >40% direct contributions to the charged particle decay of the isoscalar giant resonances near Ex=17 MeV.

Grabmayr, P.; Wagner, G. J.; Knöpfle, K. T.; Riedesel, H.; Bogucki, P.; Bronson, J. D.; Lui, Y. W.; Garg, U.; Youngblood, D. H.

1986-07-01

55

Search for a narrow resonance in Z 0 decays into hadrons and isolated photons  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the hadronic decay of a hypothetical resonance S0 in the process e+e??? + hadrons at Z0 energies is reported. Particular care is taken to optimise the sensitivity to a scalar resonance decaying into bottom quarks,\\u000a as expected for Higgs production, e+e??Z0?H0\\u000a ? with$$H^0 \\\\to b\\\\bar b$$, in the Standard Model or some of its extensions. No evidence

G. Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K. Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; J. Bechtluft; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; A. N. Bell; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; V. Blobel; I. J. Bloodworth; J. E. Bloomer; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; B. T. Bouwens; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; R. Bürgin; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; D. Chrisman; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. De Jong; L. A. del Pozo; M. S. Dixit; E. do Couto e Silva; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; M. Evans; F. Fabbri; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; D. M. Gingrich; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; M. Gruwé; C. Hajdu; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; M. D. Hildreth; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; D. Horváth; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; A. Joly; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; U. Jost; P. Jovanovic; J. Kanzaki; D. Karlen; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; D. Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; C. Lewis; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; W. J. McDonald; J. McKenna; E. A. Mckigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; J. Meyer; A. Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; R. Nisius; S. W. O’Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; T. Omori; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; M. Palazzo; J. Pálinkás; F. M. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. Pásztor; J. R. Pater; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; S. Petzold; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; H. Przysiezniak; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N. Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; R. Rylko; E. K. G. Sarkisyan; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; M. Schulz; P. Schütz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Sittler; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; F. Strumia; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; N. Tesch; M. Thiergen; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; E. Tsur; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. Van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M. Verzocchi; P. Vikas; M. Vincter; E. H. Vokurka; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; J. S. White; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; S. Xella; S. Yamashita; G. Yekutieli; K. Yoshimura; V. Zacek

1996-01-01

56

Non-resonant contribution in non-leptonic charm meson decays  

SciTech Connect

We claim that the non-resonant contribution to non-leptonic charm meson decays cannot be considered constant in the phase space of the reaction as it usually is. We discuss as an example the decay D{sup +}{yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}.

Bediaga, I.; Goebel, C.; Mendez-Galain, R. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, R. Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150 22290-180-Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Facultad de Ingenieria, CC 30, CP 11000 Montevideo (Uruguay)

1997-03-15

57

The GT resonance revealed in {beta}{sup +}-decay using new experimental techniques  

SciTech Connect

The GT beta decay of {sup 150}Ho has been studied with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS), with an array of 6 Euroball CLUSTER Ge detectors (the CLUSTER CUBE), and with an alpha detector. The three techniques complement each other. The results provide the first observation of an extremely sharp resonance in GT beta decay.

Agramunt, J.; Algora, A.; Cano-Ott, D.; Gadea, A.; Martinez, T.; Ribio, B.; Tain, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot-Valencia (Spain); Batist, L.; Moroz, F.; Wittmann, V. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188-350 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Borcea, R.; Collatz, R.; Gerl, J.; Gorska, M.; Guilbaud, O.; Grawe, H.; Hellstroem, M.; Hu, Z.; Kirchner, R.; Liu, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)] (and others)

1998-12-21

58

Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus `motionally narrowed` GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following {sup 58}Ni {plus} {sup 92}Zr fusion. 22 refs.

Snover, K.A.

1991-12-31

59

Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus motionally narrowed' GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following [sup 58]Ni [plus] [sup 92]Zr fusion. 22 refs.

Snover, K.A.

1991-01-01

60

Non-resonant parametric decay of lower-hybrid waves in the ACT-1 toroidal device  

SciTech Connect

Non-resonant parametric decay of lower-hybrid waves, observed in a number of high-power tokamak rf heating experiments, is positively identified as a decay into ion-cyclotron quasi-modes. The decay-wave spectrum, wavelength and amplitude profile are measured inside a toroidal plasma with pump frequency f/sub 0/ approx. 3.5 f/sub ..pi../ approx. 25 f/sub ci/.

Wong, K.L.; Ono, M.

1981-02-01

61

Low threshold parametric decay backscattering instability in tokamak electron cyclotron resonance heating experiments.  

PubMed

The experimental conditions leading to substantial reduction of the backscattering decay instability threshold in electron cyclotron resonance heating experiments in toroidal devices are analyzed. It is shown that a drastic decrease of threshold is provided by the nonmonotonic behavior of plasma density in the vicinity of magnetic island and poloidal magnetic field inhomogeneity making possible localization of ion Bernstein decay waves. The corresponding ion Bernstein wave gain and the parametric decay instability pump power threshold is calculated. PMID:20867578

Gusakov, E Z; Popov, A Yu

2010-09-10

62

Search for a narrow resonance in Z0 decays into hadrons and isolated photons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for the hadronic decay of a hypothetical resonance S0 in the process e+e-? ? + hadrons at Z0 energies is reported. Particular care is taken to optimise the sensitivity to a scalar resonance decaying into bottom quarks, as expected for Higgs production, e+e-?Z0?H0 ? withH^0 to bbar b, in the Standard Model or some of its extensions. No evidence for such a resonance is observed in a sample of about 5 million produced Z0’s. The results are interpreted in terms of models of non-standard Higgs production. An update of a search for a resonance produced in association with hadrons and the subsequent resonance decay into two photons is also presented.

Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Ametewee, K.; Anderson, K. J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A. H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Bechtluft, J.; Beeston, C.; Behnke, T.; Bell, A. N.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berlich, P.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bloomer, J. E.; Bock, P.; Bosch, H. M.; Boutemeur, M.; Bouwens, B. T.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Burgard, C.; Bürgin, R.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlesworth, C.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrisman, D.; Chu, S. L.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clowes, S. G.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooke, O. C.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallapiccola, C.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Darling, C.; de Jong, S.; Del Pozo, L. A.; Dixit, M. S.; Do Couto E Silva, E.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Edwards, J. E. G.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Evans, H. G.; Evans, M.; Fabbri, F.; Fath, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Folman, R.; Fong, D. G.; Foucher, M.; Fukui, H.; Fürtjes, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gaidot, A.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S. M.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Geralis, T.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giacomelli, R.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gingrich, D. M.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Gruwé, M.; Hajdu, C.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Hart, P. A.; Hartmann, C.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hilse, T.; Hobson, P. R.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Horváth, D.; Howard, R.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D. C.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Joly, A.; Jones, M.; Jones, R. W. L.; Jost, U.; Jovanovic, P.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; King, J.; Kirk, J.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D. S.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, R.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lafoux, H.; Lahmann, R.; Lai, W. P.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Layter, J. G.; Lee, A. M.; Lefebvre, E.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Lewis, C.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Ludwig, J.; Luig, A.; Malik, A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markus, C.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Matthews, W.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; McKigney, E. A.; McMahon, T. J.; McNab, A. I.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Morii, M.; Müller, U.; Nellen, B.; Nijjhar, B.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H. O.; Oldershaw, N. J.; Omori, T.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Palazzo, M.; Pálinkás, J.; Palmonari, F. M.; Pansart, J. P.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Pearce, M. J.; Petzold, S.; Phillips, P. D.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Posthaus, A.; Przysiezniak, H.; Rees, D. L.; Rigby, D.; Rison, M. G.; Robins, S. A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J. M.; Ros, E.; Rossi, A. M.; Rosvick, M.; Routenburg, P.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Rylko, R.; Sarkisyan, E. K. G.; Sasaki, M.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; Schmitt, B.; Schröder, M.; Schultz-Coulon, H. C.; Schröder, M.; Schultz-Coulon, H. C.; Schulz, M.; Schütz, P.; Schwiening, J.; Scott, W. G.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Sittler, A.; Skillman, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Starks, M.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stockhausen, B.; Strom, D.; Strumia, F.; Szymanski, P.; Tafirout, R.; Takeda, H.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Tecchio, M.; Tesch, N.; Thiergen, M.; Thomson, M. A.; von Törne, E.; Towers, S.; Tscheulin, M.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A. S.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Utzat, P.; van Kooten, R.; Vasseur, G.; Verzocchi, M.; Vikas, P.; Vincter, M.; Vokurka, E. H.; Wäckerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Ward, J. J.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, P.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; White, J. S.; Wilkens, B.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wlodek, T.; Wolf, G.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Xella, S.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Yoshimura, K.; Zacek, V.

1996-03-01

63

Evidence for light scalar resonances in charm meson decays from Fermilab E791  

SciTech Connect

From Dalitz-plot analyses of D{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} and D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} decays, we find evidence for light and broad scalar resonances {sigma}(500) and {kappa}(800). From a Dalitz-plot analysis of D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} decays, they measure the masses and decay widths of the scalar resonances f{sub 0}(980) and f{sub 0}(1370).

Alan J. Schwartz

2003-01-24

64

Determination of compositeness of the ? (1405) resonance from its radiative decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radiative decay of ? (1405) is investigated from the viewpoint of compositeness, which corresponds to the amount of two-body states composing resonances as well as bound states. For a K¯N(I=0) bound state without couplings to other channels, we establish a relation between the radiative decay width and the compositeness. Especially the radiative decay width of the bound state is proportional to the compositeness. Applying the formulation to ? (1405), we observe that the decay to ?? is dominated by the K-p component inside ? (1405), because in this decay ?+?- and ?-?+ strongly cancel each other and the ?? component can contribute to the ?? decay only through the slight isospin breaking. This means that the decay ? (1405)??? is suitable for the study of the K¯N component in ? (1405). Fixing the ? (1405)-?? coupling constant from the usual decay of ? (1405)???, we show a relation between the absolute value of the K¯N compositeness for ? (1405) and the radiative decay width of ? (1405)??? and ?0?, and we find that large decay width to ?? implies large K ¯N compositeness for ? (1405). By using the "experimental" data on the radiative decay widths, which is based on an isobar model fitting of the K-p atom data, we estimate the K¯N compositeness for ? (1405). We also discuss the pole position dependence of our relation on the ? (1405) radiative decay width and the effects of the two-pole structure for ? (1405).

Sekihara, T.; Kumano, S.

2014-02-01

65

Non-Resonant Decay of the Fast Magnetosonic Wave During ICRH (Ion-Cyclotron Resonance Heating) of a Tokamak Plasma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The non-resonant decay of the fast magnetosonic wave into an Ion Bernstein wave and a quasi-mode is investigated from the point of view of assessing the importance of this process for the observed direct heating of the edge plasma during ion-cyclotron res...

K. Avinash W. G. Core T. Hellsten C. M. Farrell

1988-01-01

66

Proton decay of isolated E1 resonances with “abnormal” isospin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative analysis of partial proton and elastic radiation widths of isolated E1 resonances with “abnormal” spin has been carried out within the semimicroscopic approach based on the random phase approximation\\u000a with exact consideration of the single-particle continuum (continuum random phase approximation, CRPA). The results of the\\u000a calculations for such resonances in the 90Zr nucleus are compared with the available experimental

I. V. Safonov; M. L. Gorelik; M. G. Urin

2007-01-01

67

New bottomonium(-like) resonances' spectroscopy and decays at Belle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the recent progresses in the study of bottomonium spectroscopy and decays obtained with the ?(1S ), ?(2S ), and ?(5S ) samples collected by the Belle experiment. Among these results, particular interest is generated by the observation, with high significance, of the missing singlet states hb(1P) and hb(2P) in ?(5S ) hadronic decays. The transition ?(5S ) ? ?+?-hb(1, 2P) in particular is found to be mediated by two new, bottomonium-like, charged state Zb and Zb', whose nature is still argument of discussion. The large samples of hb(1P) and hb(2P) provided by these transitions allow the word most precise measurement of the hyperfine splitting in the 1S system and the first measurement of this quantity in the 2S system, together with a new high significance observation of the ?b(1S ) and a new, precise measurements of its parameters. The study of the radiative transition hb(2P) ? ?b(2S ) resulted in the first evidennce of the 2S singlet state. We report also new studies of the ?(nS ) ? ??(mS ) transitions, the results of an intensive search for bottomonium decays to charmonium and the first observation of ?(1S ) and ?(2S ) decaying in low multiplicity, mesonic final states.

Tamponi, Umberto

2014-04-01

68

Search for a Resonance Decaying into WZ Boson Pairs in pp¯ Collisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W' decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp¯ collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons (l=e, mu). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the

V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; E. Aguilo; M. Ahsan; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; L. S. Ancu; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; A. Askew; B. Åsman; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; J. Backusmayes; F. Badaud; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; A.-F. Barfuss; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; D. Bauer; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; J. A. Benitez; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; G. Blazey; S. Blessing; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; X. B. Bu; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdin; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; P. Calfayan; B. Calpas; S. Calvet; E. Camacho-Pérez; J. Cammin; M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga; E. Carrera; W. Carvalho; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; E. Cheu; S. Chevalier-Théry; D. K. Cho; S. W. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M. Corcoran; F. Couderc; M.-C. Cousinou; D. Cutts; M. Cwiok; A. Das; G. Davies; K. de; S. J. de Jong; E. de La Cruz-Burelo; K. Devaughan; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; T. Dorland; A. Dubey; L. V. Dudko; L. Duflot; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; S. Dutt; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; G. Facini; A. V. Ferapontov; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; C. F. Galea; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geist; W. Geng; D. Gerbaudo; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; D. Gillberg; G. Ginther; G. Golovanov; B. Gómez; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; S. Greder; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J.-F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; P. Haefner; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; I. Hall; R. E. Hall; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; J. Hays; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; J. G. Hegeman; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; I. Heredia-de La Cruz; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; T. Hoang; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; M. Hohlfeld; S. Hossain; P. Houben; Y. Hu; Z. Hubacek; N. Huske; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; K. Jakobs; D. Jamin; R. Jesik; K. Johns; C. Johnson; M. Johnson; D. Johnston; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; A. Juste; K. Kaadze; E. Kajfasz; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; V. Kaushik; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. N. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; M. H. Kirby; M. Kirsch; J. M. Kohli; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; V. A. Kuzmin; J. Kvita; F. Lacroix; D. Lam; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; H. S. Lee; W. M. Lee; A. Leflat; J. Lellouch; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. K. Lim; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna-Garcia; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; P. Mättig; R. Magaña-Villalba; P. K. Mal; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; Y. Maravin; B. Martin; J. Martínez-Ortega; R. McCarthy; C. L. McGivern; M. M. Meijer; A. Melnitchouk; L. Mendoza; D. Menezes; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; N. K. Mondal; R. W. Moore; T. Moulik; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; O. Mundal; L. Mundim; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; R. Nayyar; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; H. Nilsen; H. Nogima; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; G. Obrant; D. Onoprienko; J. Orduna; N. Osman; J. Osta; R. Otec; G. J. Otero Y Garzón; M. Owen; M. Padilla; P. Padley; M. Pangilinan; N. Parashar; V. Parihar; S.-J. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridge; N. Parua; A. Patwa; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; P. Pétroff; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M.-A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; V. M. Podstavkov; Y. Pogorelov; M.-E. Pol; P. Polozov; A. V. Popov; M. Prewitt; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; I. Razumov; P. Renkel; P. Rich; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; S. Robinson; M. Rominsky; C. Royon; P. Rubinov; R. Ruchti; G. Safronov; G. Sajot; A. Sánchez-Hernández; M. P. Sanders; B. Sanghi; G. Savage; L. Sawyer; T. Scanlon; D. Schaile; R. D. Schamberger; Y. Scheglov; H. Schellman; T. Schliephake; S. Schlobohm; C. Schwanenberger; R. Schwienhorst; J. Sekaric; H. Severini; E. Shabalina; M. Shamim; V. Shary; A. A. Shchukin; R. K. Shivpuri; V. Simak; V. Sirotenko; P. Skubic; P. Slattery

2010-01-01

69

Particle decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance in 208Pb  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct particle decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) has been studied in208Pb using the (?, ??p) and (?, ??n) reactions at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. The direct-decay channels of proton and neutron emissions were observed in coincidence with the scattered ?-particles in order to study the population of proton-hole states in207T1 and neutron-hole states in207Pb.

M. Hunyadi; A. M. van den Berg; N. Blasi; M. Csatlo´s; L. Csige; B. Davids; U. Garg; J. Gulya´s; M. N. Harakeh; M. de Huu; B. C. Junk; A. Krasznahorkay; S. Rakers; D. Sohler; H. J. Rthce

2004-01-01

70

Proton decay from the isoscalar giant dipole resonance in {sup 58}Ni  

SciTech Connect

Proton decay from the 3({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){omega} isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) in {sup 58}Ni has been measured using the ({alpha},{alpha}{sup '}p) reaction at a bombarding energy of 386 MeV to investigate its decay properties. We have extracted the ISGDR strength under the coincidence condition between inelastically scattered {alpha} particles at forward angles and decay protons emitted at backward angles. Branching ratios for proton decay to low-lying states of {sup 57}Co have been determined, and the results compared with predictions of recent continuum-RPA calculations. The final-state spectra of protons decaying to the low-lying states in {sup 57}Co were analyzed for a more detailed understanding of the structure of the ISGDR. It is found that there are differences in the structure of the ISGDR as a function of excitation energy.

Hunyadi, M. [University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); Hashimoto, H.; Fujimura, H.; Fujiwara, M.; Hara, K.; Itoh, M.; Nakanishi, K.; Okumura, S. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Mihogaoka 10-1, Ibaraki, 567-0047 Osaka (Japan); Li, T.; Garg, U.; Hoffman, J.; Nayak, B. K. [University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Akimune, H. [Department of Physics, Konan University, Kobe 658-8501 (Japan); Gacsi, Z. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); Harakeh, M. N. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); GANIL, CEA/DSM CNRS/IN2P3, F-14076 Caen (France); Murakami, T.; Sakaguchi, H.; Terashima, S.; Uchida, M.; Yasuda, Y. [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] (and others)

2009-10-15

71

Parametric Resonance and Radiative Decay of Dispersion-Managed Solitons  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study propagation of dispersion-managed solitons in optical fibers which are modeled by the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with a periodic dispersion coefficient. When the dispersion variations are weak compared to the average dispersion, we develop perturbation series expansions and construct asymptotic solutions at the first and second orders of approximation. Due to a parametric resonance between the dispersion map and

Dmitry E. Pelinovsky; Jianke Yang

2004-01-01

72

Search for heavy resonances decaying into tt¯ pairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We performed a search for narrow-width vector particles decaying into top-antitop pairs using 680 pb-1 of data collected by the CDF experiment during 2002-2005 Run 2 of the Tevatron. The center of mass energy of the pp¯ collisions was 1.96 TeV. Model independent upper limits on the production cross-section times branching ratio are derived, at 95% confidence level. We exclude the existence of a leptophobic Z' boson in a topcolor-assisted technicolor model with a mass MZ' < 725 GeV/c2, and our results can be used to constrain any other relevant theoretical model.

Necula, Valentin

73

Decay of the Xe 4d to np excitations: resonant shake-off versus shake-up and spectator transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resonant photoelectron spectra were measured in the photon energy range of Xe 4d to np excitations to study multielectron processes associated with the decay of these resonances. The results show a large fraction of shake-off electrons in the total decay rate and indicate an increase of this fraction with increasing principal quantum number n of the photoexcited electron. Higher resolution

U. Becker; D. Szostak; M. Kupsch; H. G. Kerkhoff; B. Langer; R. Wehlitz

1989-01-01

74

Hadronic decays of the tau lepton into KK{pi} modes within Resonance Chiral Theory  

SciTech Connect

{tau} decays into hadrons have a twofold interest: On the one hand, they are a clean environment for studying the hadronization of the left-handed current of QCD, while, on the other side, provide relevant dynamical information of the resonances that mediate these processes. Within an effective field theory-like framework, namely Resonance Chiral Theory, we analyse the decays ot the {tau} into KK{pi} modes and compare the results with CLEO and BaBar data. In this way, we provide bounds on the couplings entering our Lagrangian and predict the corresponding spectral functions. As a main result -and contrary to the bulk of theoretical studies and experimental analyses- we find vector current dominance on these decays.

Roig, P. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, IFIC, CSIC-Universitat de Valencia. Apt. de Correus 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2007-11-19

75

Extreme nonstatistical effects in ? decay of 95Mo neutron resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate that high-quality total radiation width (??) data are a virtually untapped resource for testing and improving nuclear models. To this end, we obtained unprecedentedly large sets of ?? values for all six s- and p-wave J? values for 95Mo neutron resonances. We show that ?? distributions simulated in the framework of the nuclear statistical model are in sharp disagreement with the data. Simulations modified to include doorway effects resulted in much better agreement. These results call into question the reliability of the nuclear statistical model.

Koehler, P. E.; Larsen, A. C.; Guttormsen, M.; Siem, S.; Guber, K. H.

2013-10-01

76

Evidence of a New Narrow Resonance Decaying to ?c1? in B??c1?K  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report measurements of B??c1?K and ?c2?K decays using 772×106 BB¯ events collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. Evidence of a new resonance in the ?c1? final state is found with a statistical significance of 3.8?. This state has a mass of 3823.1±1.8(stat)±0.7(syst)MeV/c2, a value that is consistent with theoretical expectations for the previously unseen 1D23 cc¯ meson. We find no other narrow resonance and set upper limits on the branching fractions of the X(3872)??c1? and ?c2? decays.

Bhardwaj, V.; Miyabayashi, K.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, A.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Dutta, K.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Ferber, T.; Frey, A.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwashita, T.; Julius, T.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kato, E.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kumar, R.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Liu, C.; Liu, Z. Q.; Liventsev, D.; Lukin, P.; Matvienko, D.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Panzenböck, E.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santel, D.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Seidl, R.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Singh, J. B.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Steder, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Urquijo, P.; Usov, Y.; Vahsen, S. E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Vinokurova, A.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Yook, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

2013-07-01

77

Evidence of a new narrow resonance decaying to ?(c1)? in B??(c1)?K.  

PubMed

We report measurements of B??(c1)?K and ?(c2)?K decays using 772×10(6) BB[over ¯] events collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e(+)e(-) collider. Evidence of a new resonance in the ?(c1)? final state is found with a statistical significance of 3.8?. This state has a mass of 3823.1±1.8(stat)±0.7(syst) MeV/c(2), a value that is consistent with theoretical expectations for the previously unseen 1(3)D(2) cc[over ¯] meson. We find no other narrow resonance and set upper limits on the branching fractions of the X(3872)??(c1)? and ?(c2)? decays. PMID:23909309

Bhardwaj, V; Miyabayashi, K; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bra?ko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S-K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, D; Dutta, K; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Frey, A; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Ganguly, S; Gillard, R; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayashii, H; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W-S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwashita, T; Julius, T; Kah, D H; Kang, J H; Kato, E; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y-J; Lange, J S; Lee, S-H; Li, J; Li, Y; Liu, C; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Lukin, P; Matvienko, D; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Moll, A; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Panzenböck, E; Park, H; Park, H K; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Petri?, M; Piilonen, L E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rostomyan, A; Sahoo, H; Saito, T; Sakai, K; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Sato, Y; Savinov, V; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Seidl, R; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shibata, T-A; Shiu, J-G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Singh, J B; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y-S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stari?, M; Steder, M; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tanida, K; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Urquijo, P; Usov, Y; Vahsen, S E; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vinokurova, A; Wagner, M N; Wang, C H; Wang, M-Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Yuan, C Z; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

2013-07-19

78

Excitation and decay of giant multipole resonances in intermediate energy heavy ion reactions  

SciTech Connect

The role of intermediate energy heavy ions in the study of giant multipole resonances is explored, with emphasis on gamma decay coincidence experiments. Experiments on /sup 208/Pb bombarded by 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O are discussed and compared with earlier work at 22 MeV/nucleon. The role of Coulomb excitation in the 84 MeV/nucleon data is emphasized and some consequences for study of isovector resonance strength are explored. A comparison of the excitation and decay of the isovector giant dipole resonance in /sup 208/Pb and /sup 209/Bi excited with 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O scattering is presented. 35 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

1989-01-01

79

On the absence of resonance in the valence band photoemission at L2 resonance edge and the delayed onset of the normal Auger-decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

No clear resonance is present in the resonant valence band photoemission spectrum of a Mn6 (S = 4) single molecule magnet grafted on Au (1 1 1) for photon energy at the L2 resonance edge. This is due to the L2-hole's dominant decay by the L2-L3V Coster-Kronig (CK) decay. The excess energy of the photon at which the Mn resonant Raman scattering regime transits to the normal Mn Auger-decay regime in MnO depends on the Mn Auger-decay channels. This is because of the localization and delocalization of two holes in the Auger final states. The Mn resonant Auger-electron spectroscopy spectra of MnO are analyzed.

Ohno, Masahide

2012-06-01

80

Temperature and density evolution during decay in a 2.45 GHz hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance plasma: Off-resonant and resonant cases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Time resolved electron temperature and density measurements during the decay stage in a hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma are presented for a resonance and off-resonance magnetic field configurations. The measurements are conducted on a ECR plasma generator excited at 2.45 GHz denominated test-bench for ion-sources plasma studies at ESS Bilbao. The plasma parameters evolution is studied by Langmuir probe diagnostic with synchronized sample technique developed for repetitive pulsed plasmas with a temporal resolution of 200 ns in typical decay processes of about 40 ?s. An afterglow transient is clearly observed in the reflected microwave power signal from the plasma. Simultaneously, the electron temperature evolution shows rebounding peaks that may be related to the interplay between density drop and microwave coupling with deep impact on the Electron Energy Distribution Function. The correlation of such structures with the plasma absorbed power and the coupling quality is also reported.

Cortázar, O. D.; Megía-Macías, A.; Vizcaíno-de-Julián, A.

2013-09-01

81

Temperature and density evolution during decay in a 2.45 GHz hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance plasma: Off-resonant and resonant cases  

SciTech Connect

Time resolved electron temperature and density measurements during the decay stage in a hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma are presented for a resonance and off-resonance magnetic field configurations. The measurements are conducted on a ECR plasma generator excited at 2.45 GHz denominated test-bench for ion-sources plasma studies at ESS Bilbao. The plasma parameters evolution is studied by Langmuir probe diagnostic with synchronized sample technique developed for repetitive pulsed plasmas with a temporal resolution of 200 ns in typical decay processes of about 40 ?s. An afterglow transient is clearly observed in the reflected microwave power signal from the plasma. Simultaneously, the electron temperature evolution shows rebounding peaks that may be related to the interplay between density drop and microwave coupling with deep impact on the Electron Energy Distribution Function. The correlation of such structures with the plasma absorbed power and the coupling quality is also reported.

Cortázar, O. D. [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain) [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain); Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, ETSII, C.J. Cela s/n, 13170 Ciudad Real (Spain); Megía-Macías, A.; Vizcaíno-de-Julián, A. [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain)] [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain)

2013-09-15

82

Resonance and decay phenomena lead to quantum mechanical time asymmetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The states (Schrödinger picture) and observables (Heisenberg picture) in the standard quantum theory evolve symmetrically in time, given by the unitary group with time extending over -? < t < +?. This time evolution is a mathematical consequence of the Hilbert space boundary condition for the dynamical differential equations. However, this unitary group evolution violates causality. Moreover, it does not solve an old puzzle of Wigner: How does one describe excited states of atoms which decay exponentially, and how is their lifetime ? related to the Lorentzian width ?? These question can be answered if one replaces the Hilbert space boundary condition by new, Hardy space boundary conditions. These Hardy space boundary conditions allow for a distinction between states (prepared by a preparation apparatus) and observables (detected by a registration apparatus). The new Hardy space quantum theory is time asymmetric, i.e, the time evolution is given by the semigroup with t0 <= t < +?, which predicts a finite "beginning of time" t0, where t0 is the ensemble of time at which each individual system has been prepared. The Hardy space axiom also leads to the new prediction: the width ? and the lifetime ? are exactly related by ? = hslash/?.

Bohm, A.; Bui, H. V.

2013-04-01

83

Radiative and semileptonic B decays involving higher K-resonances in the final states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the radiative and semileptonic B decays involving a spin- J resonant KJ^{(*)} with parity (-1) J for KJ^{*} and (-1) J+1 for K J in the final state. Using large energy effective theory (LEET) techniques, we formulate Bto KJ^{(*)} transition form factors in the large recoil region in terms of two independent LEET functions ?_{perp}^{KJ^{(*)}} and ?_{allel}^{KJ^{(*)}}, the values of which at zero momentum transfer are estimated in the BSW model. According to the QCD counting rules, ?_{perp,allel}^{KJ^{(*)}} exhibit a dipole dependence in q 2. We predict the decay rates for Bto KJ^{(*)}?, Bto KJ^{(*)}ell+ell- and Bto KJ^{(*)}? bar{?}. The branching fractions for these decays with higher K-resonances in the final state are suppressed due to the smaller phase spaces and the smaller values of ?^{KJ^{(*)}}_{perp,allel}. Furthermore, if the spin of KJ^{(*)} becomes larger, the branching fractions will be further suppressed due to the smaller Clebsch-Gordan coefficients defined by the polarization tensors of the KJ^{(*)}. We also calculate the forward-backward asymmetry of the Bto KJ^{(*)}ell+ell- decay, for which the zero is highly insensitive to the K-resonances in the LEET parametrization.

Hatanaka, Hisaki; Yang, Kwei-Chou

2010-05-01

84

Particle decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance in 208Pb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The direct particle decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) has been studied in 208Pb using the (?, ?' p) and (?, ?' n) reactions at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. The direct-decay channels of proton and neutron emissions were observed in coincidence with the scattered ?-particles in order to study the population of proton-hole states in 207T1 and neutron-hole states in 207Pb. The results of the partial and total branching ratios allowed us to test recently performed continuum-RPA (CRPA) calculations for the ISGDR and thereby to learn about its microscopic structure.

Hunyadi, M.; Ba¨umer, C.; van den Berg, A. M.; Blasi, N.; Csa´s, M.; Csige, L.; Davids, B.; Garg, U.; Gu´s, J.; Harakeh, M. N.; de Huu, M.; Junk, B. C.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Rakers, S.; Sohler, D.; Wo¨rthce, H. J.

2004-02-01

85

Pareto optimal structures producing resonances of minimal decay under L1-type constraints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resonances optimization is studied under the constraint ??m on the nonnegative function B?L1(0,?) representing the resonator structure. The problem is to design for a given frequency ??R a structure that generates a resonance ? on the line ?+iR with minimal possible decay rate |Im ?|. We generalize the problem replacing B by a nonnegative measure, and show that optimal measures consist of finite number of point masses. This yields non-existence of optimizers for the problem over absolutely continuous measures. We derive restrictions on optimal masses and their positions. This reduces the original infinitely-dimensional problem to optimization over four real parameters. For low frequencies, we explicitly find optimizers. The technique is based on the two-parameter perturbation method and the notion of local boundary point, which is introduced as a generalization of local extrema to vector optimization problems. Special attention is paid to multiple and non-differentiable resonances.

Karabash, Illya M.

2014-07-01

86

Measurement of inclusive production of light meson resonances in hadronic decays of the Z0  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of inclusive production of the meson resonances rho0, K*0 (892), f;0 (975) and f;2 (1270) in hadronic decays of the Z0 is presented. The measured mean meson multiplicity per hadronic event is 0.83 +\\/- 0.14 for the rho0 0.64 +\\/- 0.24 for the K*0 (892), 0.10 +\\/- 0.04 for the f;0 (975) in the momentum range p >

P. Abreu; W. Adam; T. Adye; E. Agasi; G. D. Alekseev; A. Algeri; P. Allen; S. Almehed; S. J. Alvsvaag; U. Amaldi; E. G. Anassontzis; A. Andreazza; P. Antilogus; W.-D. Apel; R. J. Apsimon; B. Åsman; J.-E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; P. Baillon; P. Bambade; F. Barao; R. Barate; G. Barbiellini; D. Y. Bardin; G. Barker; A. Baroncelli; O. Barring; J. A. Barrio; W. Bartl; M. J. Bates; M. Battaglia; M. Baubillier; K.-H. Becks; C. J. Beeston; M. Begalli; P. Beilliere; Yu. Belokopytov; P. Beltran; D. Benedic; A. C. Benvenuti; M. Berggren; D. Bertrand; F. Bianchi; M. S. Bilenky; P. Billior; J. Bjarne; D. Bloch; S. Blyth; V. Bocci; P. N. Bogolubov; T. Bolognese; M. Bonesini; W. Bonivento; P. S. L. Booth; P. Borgeaud; G. Borisov; H. Borner; C. Bosio; B. Bostjancic; S. Bosworth; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; C. Bourdarion; T. J. V. Bowcock; M. Bozzo; S. Braibant; P. Branchini; K. D. Brand; R. A. Brenner; H. Briand; C. Bricman; R. C. A. Brown; N. Brummer; J.-M. Brunet; L. Bugge; T. Buran; H. Burmeister; J. A. M. A. Buytaert; M. Caccia; M. Calvi; A. J. Camacho Rozas; R. Campion; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Cao; F. Carena; L. Carroll; C. Caso; M. V. Castillo Gimenez; A. Cattai; F. R. Cavallo; L. Cerrito; V. Chabaud; A. Chan; M. Chapkin; L. Chaussard; J. Chauveau; P. Checchia; G. A. Chelkov; L. Chevalier; P. Chliapnikov; V. Chorowicz; J. T. M. Chrin; M. P. Clara; P. Coolins; J. L. Contreras; R. Contri; E. Cortina; G. Cosme; F. Couchot; H. B. Crawley; D. Crennell; D. Crosetti; M. Crozon; J. Cuevas Maestro; S. Czellar; E. Dahl-Jensen; B. Dalmagne; M. Dam; G. Damgaard; G. Darbo; E. Daubie; A. Daum; P. D. Dauncey; M. Davenport; P. David; J. Davies; W. Da Silva; C. Defoix; D. Delikaris; S. Delorme; P. Delpierre; N. Demaria; A. De Angelis; H. De Boeck; W. De Boer; C. De Clercq; M. D. M. De Fez Laso; N. De Groot; C. De La Vaissiere; B. De Lotto; A. De Min; H. Dijkstra; L. Di Ciaccio; F. Djama; J. Dolbeau; M. Donszelmann; K. Doroba; M. Dracos; M. Drees; M. Dris; Y. Dufour; F. Dupont; L.-O. Eek; P. A.-M. Eerola; R. Ehret; T. Ekelof; G. Ekspong; A. Elliot Peisert; J.-P. Engel; N. Ershaidat; D. Fassouliotis; M. Feindt; M. Fernandez Alonso; A. Ferrer; T. A. Filippas; A. Firestone; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; F. Fontanelli; K. A. J. Forbes; J.-L. Fousset; S. Francon; B. Franek; P. Frenkiel; D. C. Fries; A. G. Frodesen; R. Fruhwirth; F. Fulda-Quenzer; K. Furnival; H. Furstenau; J. Fuster; D. Gamba; C. Garcia; J. Garcia; C. Gaspar; U. Gasparini; Ph. Gavillet; E. N. Gazis; J.-P. Gerber; P. Giacomelli; R. Gokieli; B. Golob; V. M. Golovatyuk; J. J. Gomez Y Cadenas; A. Goobar; G. Gopal; M. Gorski; V. Gracco; A. Grant; F. Grard; E. Graziani; G. Grosdidier; E. Gross; P. Grosse-Wiesmann; B. Grossetete; J. Guy; U. Haedinger; F. Hahn; M. Hahn; S. Haider; Z. Hajduk; A. Hakansson; A. Hallgren; K. Hamacher; G. Hamel De Monchenault; W. Hao; F. J. Harris; T. Henkes; J. J. Hernandez; P. Herquet; H. Herr; T. L. Hessing; I. Hietanen; C. O. Higgins; E. Higon; H. J. Hilke; S. D. Hodgson; T. Hofmokl; R. Holmes; S.-O. Holmgren; D. Holthuizen; P. F. Honore; J. E. Hooper; M. Houlden; J. Hrubec; K. Huet; P. O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; P. Ioannou; D. Isenhower; P.-S. Iversen; J. N. Jackson; P. Jalocha; G. Jarlskog; P. Jarry; B. Jean-Marie; E. K. Johansson; D. Johnson; M. Jonker; L. Jonsson; P. Juillot; G. Kalkanis; G. Kalmus; F. Kapusta; M. Karlsson; E. Karvelas; S. Katsanevas; E. C. Katsoufis; R. Keranen; J. Kesteman; B. A. Khomenko; N. N. Khovanski; B. King; N. J. Kjaer; H. Klein; W. Klempt; A. Klovning; P. Kluit; A. Koch-Mehrin; J. H. Koehne; B. Koene; P. Kokkinias; M. Kopf; K. Korcyl; A. V. Korytov; V. Kostioukhine; C. Kourkoumelis; O. Kouznetsov; P. H. Kramer; J. Krolikowski; I. Kronkvist; U. Kruener-Marquis; W. Kucewicz; K. Kulka; K. Kurvinen; C. Lacasta; C. Lambropoulos; J. W. Lamsa; L. Lanceri; V. Lapin; J.-P. Laugier; R. Lauhakangas; G. Leder; F. Ledroit; R. Leitner; Y. Lemoigne; J. Lemonne; G. Lenzen; V. Lepeltier; T. Lesiak; J. M. Levy; E. Lieb; D. Liko; J. Lindgren; R. Lindner; A. Lipniacka; I. Lippi; B. Loerstad; M. Lokajicek; J. G. Loken; A. Lopez-Fernandez; M. A. Lopez Aguera; M. Los; D. Loukas; J. J. Lozano; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; G. Maehlum; J. Maillard; A. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; M. Margoni; J.-C. Marin; A. Markou; T. Maron; S. Marti; L. Mathis; F. Matorras; C. Matteuzzi; G. Matthiae; M. Mazzucato; M. Mc Cubbin; R. Mc Kay; R. Mc Nulty; G. Meola; C. Meroni; W. T. Meyer; M. Michelotto; I. Mikulec; L. Mirabito; W. A. Mitaroff; G. V. Mitselmakher; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; R. Moeller; K. Moenig; M. R. Monge; P. Morettini; H. Mueller; W. J. Murray; G. Myatt; F. L. Navarria; P. Negri; B. S. Nielsen; B. Nijjhar; V. Nikolaenko; P. E. S. Nilsen; P. Niss; V. Obraztsov; A. G. Olshevski; R. Orava; A. Ostankov; K. Osterberg; A. Ouraou; M. Paganoni; R. Pain; H. Palka; Th. D. Papadopoulou; L. Pape; A. Passeri; M. Pegoraro

1993-01-01

87

Direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance in 208Pb  

Microsoft Academic Search

The excitation and subsequent proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) in 208Pb have been investigated via the Pb208(?,??p)Tl207 reaction at 400 MeV. Excitation of the ISGDR has been identified by the difference-of-spectra method. The enhancement of the ISGDR strength at high excitation energies observed in the multipole-decomposition-analysis of the singles Pb208(?,??) spectra is not present in the

B. K. Nayak; U. Garg; M. Koss; T. Li; E. Martis; H. Fujimura; M. Fujiwara; K. Hara; K. Kawase; K. Nakanishi; E. Obayashi; H. P. Yoshida; M. Itoh; S. Kishi; H. Sakaguchi; H. Takeda; M. Uchida; Y. Yasuda; M. Yosoi; R. G. T. Zegers; H. Akimune; M. N. Harakeh; M. Hunyadi

2009-01-01

88

Double-Auger decay, Feshbach and shape resonances in negative ions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inner-shell photoionization of negative ions is very different from photoionization of neutral or positive ions. The short-range interaction that governs negative ions leads to new and different physics. Negative ions exist because of electron correlation that is so strong that it leads to strong simultaneous double-Auger decay, as well as shape and Feshbach resonances. Our recent work has also shown

N. Berrah; R. C. Bilodeau; J. D. Bozek; C. W. Walter; N. D. Gibson; G. D. Ackerman

2006-01-01

89

Examination of the resonance contributions to dileptonic rare {ital B} decays  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the long-distance contribution to the {ital B}{r_arrow}{ital X}{sub {ital s}}l{sup +}l{sup {minus}} differential decay rate when the momentum dependence of the {psi} and {psi}{sup {prime}}-{gamma} conversion strength is taken into account. The results indicate that the resonance to nonresonance interference in the dilepton invariant mass distribution is substantially reduced. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Ahmady, M.R. [Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, 1-1 Otsuka 2, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112 (Japan)] [Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, 1-1 Otsuka 2, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112 (Japan)

1996-03-01

90

Search for baryonic resonances decaying to ?? in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for narrow baryonic resonances decaying into ?-?- or ?-?+ and their antiparticles is carried out with the H1 detector using deep inelastic scattering events at HERA in the range of\\u000a negative photon four-momentum transfer squared 2 2 2. No signal is observed for a new baryonic state in the mass range 1600–2300 MeV in either the doubly charged or

A. Astvatsatourov; C. Alexa; V. Andreev; T. Anthonis; B. Antunovic; S. Aplin; A. Asmone; S. Backovic; A. Baghdasaryan; P. Baranov; E. Barrelet; W. Bartel; S. Baudrand; M. Beckingham; K. Begzsuren; O. Behnke; O. Behrendt; A. Belousov; N. Berger; J. C. Bizot; M.-O. Boenig; V. Boudry; I. Bozovic-Jelisavcic; J. Bracinik; G. Brandt; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; D. Bruncko; F. W. Büsser; A. Bunyatyan; G. Buschhorn; L. Bystritskaya; A. J. Campbell; K. B. Cantun Avila; F. Cassol-Brunner; K. Cerny; V. Cerny; V. Chekelian; A. Cholewa; J. G. Contreras; J. A. Coughlan; G. Cozzika; J. Cvach; J. B. Dainton; K. Daum; M. Deak; Y. de Boer; B. Delcourt; M. Del Degan; A. De Roeck; E. A. De Wolf; C. Diaconu; V. Dodonov; A. Dubak; G. Eckerlin; V. Efremenko; S. Egli; R. Eichler; F. Eisele; A. Eliseev; E. Elsen; S. Essenov; A. Falkewicz; P. J. W. Faulkner; L. Favart; A. Fedotov; R. Felst; J. Feltesse; J. Ferencei; L. Finke; M. Fleischer; A. Fomenko; G. Franke; T. Frisson; E. Gabathuler; E. Garutti; J. Gayler; S. Ghazaryan; S. Ginzburgskaya; A. Glazov; I. Glushkov; L. Goerlich; M. Goettlich; N. Gogitidze; S. Gorbounov; M. Gouzevitch; C. Grab; T. Greenshaw; B. R. Grell; G. Grindhammer; S. Habib; D. Haidt; M. Hansson; G. Heinzelmann; C. Helebrant; R. C. W. Henderson; H. Henschel; G. Herrera; M. Hildebrandt; K. H. Hiller; D. Hoffmann; R. Horisberger; A. Hovhannisyan; T. Hreus; M. Jacquet; M. E. Janssen; X. Janssen; V. Jemanov; L. Jönsson; D. P. Johnson; A. W. Jung; H. Jung; M. Kapichine; J. Katzy; I. R. Kenyon; C. Kiesling; M. Klein; C. Kleinwort; T. Klimkovich; T. Kluge; A. Knutsson; V. Korbel; P. Kostka; M. Kraemer; K. Krastev; J. Kretzschmar; A. Kropivnitskaya; K. Krüger; M. P. J. Landon; W. Lange; G. Lastovicka-Medin; P. Laycock; A. Lebedev; G. Leibenguth; V. Lendermann; S. Levonian; L. Lindfeld; K. Lipka; A. Liptaj; B. List; J. List; N. Loktionova; R. Lopez-Fernandez; V. Lubimov; A.-I. Lucaci-Timoce; L. Lytkin; A. Makankine; E. Malinovski; P. Marage; L. Marti; M. Martisikova; H.-U. Martyn; S. J. Maxfield; A. Mehta; K. Meier; A. B. Meyer; H. Meyer; J. Meyer; V. Michels; S. Mikocki; I. Milcewicz-Mika; D. Mladenov; A. Mohamed; F. Moreau; A. Morozov; J. V. Morris; M. U. Mozer; K. Müller; P. Murín; K. Nankov; B. Naroska; T. Naumann; P. R. Newman; C. Niebuhr; A. Nikiforov; G. Nowak; K. Nowak; M. Nozicka; R. Oganezov; B. Olivier; J. E. Olsson; S. Osman; D. Ozerov; V. Palichik; I. Panagoulias; M. Pandurovic; T. Papadopoulou; C. Pascaud; G. D. Patel; H. Peng; E. Perez; D. Perez-Astudillo; A. Perieanu; A. Petrukhin; I. Picuric; S. Piec; D. Pitzl; R. Placakyte; B. Povh; T. Preda; P. Prideaux; A. J. Rahmat; N. Raicevic; T. Ravdandorj; P. Reimer; A. Rimmer; C. Risler; E. Rizvi; P. Robmann; B. Roland; R. Roosen; A. Rostovtsev; Z. Rurikova; S. Rusakov; F. Salvaire; D. P. C. Sankey; M. Sauter; E. Sauvan; S. Schmidt; S. Schmitt; C. Schmitz; L. Schoeffel; A. Schöning; H.-C. Schultz-Coulon; F. Sefkow; R. N. Shaw-West; I. Sheviakov; L. N. Shtarkov; T. Sloan; I. Smiljanic; P. Smirnov; Y. Soloviev; D. South; V. Spaskov; A. Specka; Z. Staykova; M. Steder; B. Stella; J. Stiewe; U. Straumann; D. Sunar; T. Sykora; V. Tchoulakov; G. Thompson; P. D. Thompson; T. Toll; F. Tomasz; D. Traynor; T. N. Trinh; P. Truöl; I. Tsakov; B. Tseepeldorj; G. Tsipolitis; I. Tsurin; J. Turnau; E. Tzamariudaki; K. Urban; D. Utkin; A. Valkárová; C. Vallée; P. Van Mechelen; A. Vargas Trevino; Y. Vazdik; S. Vinokurova; V. Volchinski; G. Weber; R. Weber; D. Wegener; C. Werner; M. Wessels; C. Wissing; R. Wolf; E. Wünsch; S. Xella; V. Yeganov; J. Žá?ek; J. Zálesák; Z. Zhang; A. Zhelezov; A. Zhokin; Y. C. Zhu; T. Zimmermann; H. Zohrabyan; F. Zomer

2007-01-01

91

Excitation and photon decay of giant multipole resonances - the role and future of medium-energy heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic scattering of medium energy heavy ions provides very large cross sections and peak-to-continuum ratios for excitation of giant resonances. For energies above about 50 MeV/nucleon, giant resonances are excited primarily through Coulomb excitation, which is indifferent to isospin, thus providing a good probe for the study of isovector giant resonances. The extremely large cross sections available from heavy ion excitation permit the study of rare decay modes of the photon decay of giant resonances following excitation by 22 and 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O projectiles. The singles results at 84 MeV/nucleon yield peak cross sections for the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance and the isovector giant dipole resonance of approximately 0.8 and 3 barns/sr, respectively. Data on the ground state decay of the isoscalar giant quadrupole and isovector giant dipole resonances are presented and compared with calculations. Decays to low-lying excited states are also discussed. Preliminary results from an experiment to isolate the /sup 208/Pb isovector quadrupole resonance using its gamma decay are presented.

Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.; Horen, D.J.

1988-01-01

92

Observation of Two New N* Resonances in the Decay ?(3686)?pp¯?0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on 106×106?(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII facility, a partial wave analysis of ?(3686)?pp¯?0 is performed. The branching fraction of this channel has been determined to be B(?(3686)?pp¯?0)=(1.65±0.03±0.15)×10-4. In this decay, 7 N* intermediate resonances are observed. Among these, two new resonances, N(2300) and N(2570) are significant, one 1/2+ resonance with a mass of 2300-30-0+40+109MeV/c2 and width of 340-30-58+30+110MeV/c2, and one 5/2- resonance with a mass of 2570-10-10+19+34MeV/c2 and width of 250-24-21+14+69MeV/c2. For the remaining 5 N* intermediate resonances [N(1440), N(1520), N(1535), N(1650) and N(1720)], the analysis yields mass and width values that are consistent with those from established resonances.

Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feldbauer, F.; Feng, C. Q.; Ferroli, R. B.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, B.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jia, L. K.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kühn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, N. B.; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Kai; Liu, Kun; Liu, P. L.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, H.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Morales Morales, C.; Motzko, C.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, X. D.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Thorndike, E. H.; Tian, H. L.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, J. X.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. F.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Werner, M.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, F.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, T.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. G.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, T. R.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. S.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Zuo, J. X.

2013-01-01

93

Observation of the GT resonance in the {beta}{sup +}-decay of {sup 150}Ho 2{sup -}  

SciTech Connect

The Gamow-Teller beta decay of {sup 150}Ho2{sup -} isomer has been studied with a Total Absorption Spectrometer (TAS), with an array of 6 Euroball CLUSTER Germanium detectors (CLUSTER CUBE), and with an alpha detector. The three techniques complement each other. The results provide the first observation of an extremely sharp resonance in GT beta decay. The analysis of the beta provides a precise value of the {beta}-strength within the decay window.

Agramunt, J.; Algora, A.; Cano-Ott, D.; Gadea, A.; Kleinheinz, P.; Martinez, T.; Rubio, B.; Tain, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot-Valencia (Spain); Batist, L.; Moroz, F.; Wittmann, V. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188-350 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Borcea, R.; Collatz, R.; Gerl, J.; Gorska, M.; Guilbaud, O.; Grawe, H.; Hellstroem, M.; Hu, Z.; Kirchner, R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)] (and others)

1999-09-02

94

Strong interference effects in the resonant Auger decay of atoms induced by intense x-ray fields  

SciTech Connect

The theory of resonant Auger decay of atoms in a high-intensity coherent x-ray pulse is presented. The theory includes the coupling between the ground state and the resonance due to an intense x-ray pulse, taking into account the decay of the resonance and the direct photoionization of the ground state, both populating the final ionic states coherently. The theory also considers the impact of the direct photoionization of the resonance state itself which typically populates highly excited ionic states. The combined action of the resonant decay and of the direct ionization of the ground state in the field induces a non-Hermitian time-dependent coupling between the ground and the ''dressed'' resonance stats. The impact of these competing processes on the total electron yield and on the 2s{sup 2}2p{sup 4}({sup 1}D)3p {sup 2}P spectator and 2s{sup 1}2p{sup 6} {sup 2}S participator Auger decay spectra of the Ne 1s{yields}3p resonance is investigated. The role of the direct photoionization of the ground state and of the resonance increases dramatically with the field intensity. This results in strong interference effects with distinct patterns in the electron spectra, which differ for the participator and spectator final states.

Demekhin, Philipp V.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S. [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-02-15

95

Search for a resonance decaying into WZ boson pairs in pp collisions.  

PubMed

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W' decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons (l=e, mu). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the background prediction. We set 95% C.L. limits on the W'WZ coupling and on the W' production cross section multiplied by the branching fractions. We also exclude W' masses between 188 and 520 GeV within a simple extension of the standard model and set the most restrictive limits to date on low-scale technicolor models. PMID:20366811

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Camacho-Pérez, E; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De la Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De la Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kaadze, K; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Mal, P K; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M

2010-02-12

96

Search for a Resonance Decaying into WZ Boson Pairs in pp¯ Collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W' decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp¯ collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons (?=e, ?). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the background prediction. We set 95% C.L. limits on the W'WZ coupling and on the W' production cross section multiplied by the branching fractions. We also exclude W' masses between 188 and 520 GeV within a simple extension of the standard model and set the most restrictive limits to date on low-scale technicolor models.

Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; Ancu, L. S.; Aoki, M.; Arnoud, Y.; Arov, M.; Askew, A.; Åsman, B.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; Backusmayes, J.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Barfuss, A.-F.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bauer, D.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Benitez, J. A.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Bolton, T. A.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Bu, X. B.; Buchholz, D.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Burnett, T. H.; Buszello, C. P.; Calfayan, P.; Calpas, B.; Calvet, S.; Camacho-Pérez, E.; Cammin, J.; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M. A.; Carrera, E.; Carvalho, W.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Cheu, E.; Chevalier-Théry, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Christoudias, T.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Cutts, D.; ?wiok, M.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de, K.; de Jong, S. J.; de La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Devaughan, K.; Déliot, F.; Demarteau, M.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Dominguez, A.; Dorland, T.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duflot, L.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Eno, S.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Ferapontov, A. V.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Gadfort, T.; Galea, C. F.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geist, W.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Gillberg, D.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Gómez, B.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Greenwood, Z. D.; Gregores, E. M.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guo, F.; Guo, J.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Haefner, P.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Hall, I.; Hall, R. E.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegeman, J. G.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-de La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Hossain, S.; Houben, P.; Hu, Y.; Hubacek, Z.; Huske, N.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jain, S.; Jakobs, K.; Jamin, D.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, C.; Johnson, M.; Johnston, D.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kaushik, V.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Khatidze, D.; Kirby, M. H.; Kirsch, M.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Kvita, J.; Lacroix, F.; Lam, D.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, W. M.; Leflat, A.; Lellouch, J.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lietti, S. M.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Love, P.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Mackin, D.; Mättig, P.; Magaña-Villalba, R.; Mal, P. K.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martin, B.; Martínez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Mendoza, L.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Mondal, N. K.; Moore, R. W.; Moulik, T.; Muanza, G. S.; Mulhearn, M.; Mundal, O.; Mundim, L.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nilsen, H.; Nogima, H.; Novaes, S. F.; Nunnemann, T.; Obrant, G.; Onoprienko, D.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Otec, R.; Otero Y Garzón, G. J.; Owen, M.; Padilla, M.; Padley, P.; Pangilinan, M.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S.-J.; Park, S. K.; Parsons, J.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, K.; Peters, Y.; Pétroff, P.; Piegaia, R.; Piper, J.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Pogorelov, Y.; Pol, M.-E.; Polozov, P.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Protopopescu, S.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Rich, P.; Rijssenbeek, M.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.

2010-02-01

97

Search for a Resonance Decaying into WZ Boson Pairs in pp Collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W{sup '} decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons (l=e, mu). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the background prediction. We set 95% C.L. limits on the W{sup '}WZ coupling and on the W{sup '} production cross section multiplied by the branching fractions. We also exclude W{sup '} masses between 188 and 520 GeV within a simple extension of the standard model and set the most restrictive limits to date on low-scale technicolor models.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Jain, S.; Rominsky, M.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2010-02-12

98

Search for a resonance decaying into WZ boson pairs in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W{prime} decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons ({ell} = e, {mu}). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the background prediction. We set 95% C.L. limits on the W{prime}WZ coupling and on the W{prime} production cross section multiplied by the branching fractions. We also exclude W{prime} masses between 188 and 520 GeV within a simple extension of the standard model and set the most restrictive limits to date on low-scale Technicolor models.

Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, M.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, E.; /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U.; Ahsan, M.; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, G.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, A.; /Michigan U. /Northeastern U.

2009-12-01

99

Decay of vector-vector resonances into {gamma} and a pseudoscalar meson  

SciTech Connect

We study the decay of dynamically generated resonances from the interaction of two vectors into a {gamma} and a pseudoscalar meson. The dynamics requires anomalous terms involving vertices with two vectors and a pseudoscalar, which renders it special. We compare our result with data on K{sub 2}{sup *+}(1430){yields}K{sup +}{gamma} and K{sub 2}{sup *0}(1430){yields}K{sup 0}{gamma} and find a good agreement with the data for the K{sub 2}{sup *+}(1430) case and a width considerably smaller than the upper bound measured for the K{sub 2}{sup *0}(1430) meson. We also investigate the decay into {pi}{sup +{gamma}} of one a{sub 2} state, tentatively associated to the a{sub 2}(1320), obtaining qualitative agreement with data.

Molina, R.; Oset, E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Apartado 22085, 46071 Valencia (Spain); Nagahiro, H. [Department of Physics, Nara Women's University, Nara 630-8506 (Japan); Hosaka, A. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan)

2011-05-01

100

Direct proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance in 208Pb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The excitation and subsequent proton decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance (ISGDR) in 208Pb have been investigated via the Pb208(?,?p)Tl207 reaction at 400 MeV. Excitation of the ISGDR has been identified by the difference-of-spectra method. The enhancement of the ISGDR strength at high excitation energies observed in the multipole-decomposition-analysis of the singles Pb208(?,?) spectra is not present in the excitation energy spectrum obtained in coincidence measurement. The partial branching ratios for direct proton decay of ISGDR to low-lying states of 207Tl have been determined and the results are compared with predictions of continuum random-phase-approximation (CRPA) calculations.

Nayak, B. K.; Garg, U.; Koss, M.; Li, T.; Martis, E.; Fujimura, H.; Fujiwara, M.; Hara, K.; Kawase, K.; Nakanishi, K.; Obayashi, E.; Yoshida, H. P.; Itoh, M.; Kishi, S.; Sakaguchi, H.; Takeda, H.; Uchida, M.; Yasuda, Y.; Yosoi, M.; Zegers, R. G. T.; Akimune, H.; Harakeh, M. N.; Hunyadi, M.

2009-04-01

101

Search for the electromagnetic decay of {Delta}(1232) resonance in nuclear matter  

SciTech Connect

In order to inquire into the existence and significance of non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in the intermediate-energy regime, the production of protons and high-energy photons (E{sub {gamma}}{gt}30 MeV) emitted in the reaction {sup 36}Ar+{sup 27}Al at 95 MeV/nucleon has been studied. The quantitative analysis of the ({gamma}-p) invariant-mass and relative-angle distributions shows evidences of {Delta}(1232)-resonance excitation and {Delta}{r_arrow}N{gamma} decay. Experimental data are in agreement with microscopic theoretical calculations. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Badala, A.; Barbera, R.; Gulino, M.; Palmeri, A.; Pappalardo, G.S.; Riggi, F.; Russo, A.C.; Russo, G.; Turrisi, R. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Corso Italia, 57-I 95129 Catania (Italy)] [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania, Corso Italia, 57-I 95129 Catania (Italy); Barbera, R.; Gulino, M.; Riggi, F.; Russo, G.; Turrisi, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica dellUniversita di Catania, Corso Italia, 57-I 95129 Catania (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica dellUniversita di Catania, Corso Italia, 57-I 95129 Catania (Italy); Bonasera, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Via S. Sofia, 44-I 95123 Catania (Italy)] [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Via S. Sofia, 44-I 95123 Catania (Italy)

1998-01-01

102

Neutral decay of double-holed doubly excited resonances of N2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The neutral decay of doubly excited resonances (DER's) of N2 has been observed by measuring the excitation spectrum of vacuum ultraviolet fluorescence emitted from photodissociation fragments in the 20-38-eV region. A number of DER's with the [(1?u)-1(3?g)-1(?g)1:C 2?+u]ns?g Rydberg series (n=3-10) have been revealed. Rydberg progressions onto the N+2(D 2?g) state have also been observed. Strongly dissociative DER's correlating with satellites have been shown as broad peaks in the 23-33-eV region, which have appeared to have a correlation with the single-holed (X 2?+g)?u shape resonance.

Ukai, Masatoshi; Kameta, Kosei; Kouchi, Noriyuki; Hatano, Yoshihiko; Tanaka, Kenichiro

1992-12-01

103

Resonant multiple Auger decay after the 2p3/2-1 4s excitation in Ar studied with a multielectron coincidence method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The multiple Auger electron emission processes after the 2p3/2-1 4s excitation in Ar have been investigated with a multielectron coincidence method. We have observed the double, triple, and quadruple Auger decays of the resonant state, where both cascade and direct processes are identified. The cascade processes in the resonant double and triple Auger decays result mostly from the spectator behavior of the Rydberg electron in the initial core-hole decay: First Auger decay produces ion states with large internal energies, and subsequent electron emission leads mainly formation of ground Ar2+ and Ar3+ states. It is revealed that spectator behavior, which is known to be the dominant path in resonant single Auger decay, is also important in the direct paths of the resonant double and triple Auger decays. In contrast, the participation of the Rydberg electron is predominant in the direct path of the resonant quadruple Auger decay.

Hikosaka, Y.; Lablanquie, P.; Penent, F.; Selles, P.; Shigemasa, E.; Ito, K.

2014-02-01

104

Search for a new resonance decaying into top-antitop at Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

In this report a new search for a narrow-width heavy resonance decaying into top quark pairs (X {yields} t{bar t}) in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV has been performed using data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The analysis considers t{bar t} candidate events in the lepton+jets channel using a lifetime tag to identify b-jets and the t{bar t} invariant mass distribution to search for evidence of resonant production. The analyzed dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of approximately 370 pb{sup -1}. Since no evidence for a t{bar t} resonance X is found, upper limits on {sigma}{sub x} x B(X {yields} t{bar t}) for different hypothesized resonance masses using a Bayesian approach are set. Within a topcolor-assisted technicolor model, the existence of a leptophobic Z' boson with M{sub Z'} < 680 GeV and width {Lambda}{sub Z'} = 0.012 M{sub Z'} can be excluded at 95% C.L.

Schwanenberger, Christian; /Bonn U.

2006-02-01

105

Localization of electrons in the sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA investigated via resonant Auger decay spectra  

SciTech Connect

In order to elucidate the localized nature of electrons in sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA molecules, resonant Auger decay spectra excited by soft x-rays around the inner-shell ionization thresholds have been measured for single-strand DNA. The systems investigated are thin films of DNA as well as related phosphorus compounds such as nucleotide (adenosine triphosphate, ATP), sodium phosphate, and indium phosphide. For ATP and DNA, it was observed that the resonant excitations from P 1s to valence unoccupied {pi}* orbitals are followed by spectator-type Auger decays where the excited electrons remain in valence orbitals during the core-hole decays. It was also found that the energy of the P KL{sub 2,3}L{sub 2,3} (2p{sup -1}{center_dot}{pi}*) spectator Auger peak shifts linearly with the photon energy due to the resonant Auger Raman scattering. Most of the decay channel at the core-to-valence resonant excitation is spectator-type Auger decay in DNA, which is quite different from the Auger decay processes in metallic and semiconducting materials. We conclude that the excited electrons in valence unoccupied states around the phosphates in DNA molecules are strongly localized, resulting in the insulating properties in a one-dimensional direction along sugar/phosphate backbone.

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 319-1195 (Japan); Nath, Krishna G. [INRS-EMT, University of Quebec, 1650 Boul. Lionel Boulet, Varennes, QC, J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2006-11-15

106

Localization of electrons in the sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA investigated via resonant Auger decay spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to elucidate the localized nature of electrons in sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA molecules, resonant Auger decay spectra excited by soft x-rays around the inner-shell ionization thresholds have been measured for single-strand DNA. The systems investigated are thin films of DNA as well as related phosphorus compounds such as nucleotide (adenosine triphosphate, ATP), sodium phosphate, and indium phosphide. For ATP and DNA, it was observed that the resonant excitations from P 1s to valence unoccupied ?* orbitals are followed by spectator-type Auger decays where the excited electrons remain in valence orbitals during the core-hole decays. It was also found that the energy of the P KL2,3L2,3 (2p-1•?*) spectator Auger peak shifts linearly with the photon energy due to the resonant Auger Raman scattering. Most of the decay channel at the core-to-valence resonant excitation is spectator-type Auger decay in DNA, which is quite different from the Auger decay processes in metallic and semiconducting materials. We conclude that the excited electrons in valence unoccupied states around the phosphates in DNA molecules are strongly localized, resulting in the insulating properties in a one-dimensional direction along sugar/phosphate backbone.

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Nath, Krishna G.

2006-11-01

107

Study of the ?(1405) Resonance Through its Neutral and Charged Decay Channels by AMADEUS at DA?NE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AMADEUS collaboration has the goal to perform unprecedented measurements in the field of the low-energy charged kaons-nuclei interactions, by implementing the existing KLOE detector with a dedicated setup in the inner region. The KLOE detector at DA?NE represents a unique opportunity to perform a complete study of the ?(1405) resonance through all its three ?? decay channels. The importance of these measurements relies on the possibility to compare the different results for the various decay channels, investigating their contributions to the final resonance shape. In particular, one of the main differences between the neutral and charged ?? channels is the presence of a second resonance, the ?(1385), whose contribution to the final ?(1405) spectra has to be evaluated and subtracted. Very promising preliminary results have been already obtained for the ? 0?0 decay channel to which, for isospin selection rules, the ?(1385) resonance can not decay, and for the ? +?- decay channel analysis, and will be presented in this work.

Scordo, A.; Curceanu, C.; Piscicchia, K.; Tucakovic, I.; Vazquez Doce, O.

2014-01-01

108

Neutron decay from the giant resonance via the B10(e,e'n) reaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cross sections and angular correlations for neutron decay into various states in the residual nucleus following the B10(e,e'n) reaction have been measured over the excitation energy range of 18-33 MeV at an effective momentum transfer of 0.56 fm-1. In the giant resonance, neutron emission leads to the population of two higher excited states in addition to the ground-state transition: 6.97 MeV 7/2-(n5) and 11.70 MeV 7/2-+12.06 MeV 3/2-(n6,7). This is the first observation of the neutron population of these states. The angular correlations for n0 show a strong forward-backward asymmetry, which suggests interference from a transition with the opposite parity to E1. The angular correlations for n5 and n6,7 have a peak shift of about 50° at lower excitation energy and recover above about 24 and 25 MeV for n5 and n6,7, respectively. Their patterns are considerably different from that for n0. The angular correlations for each transition were fitted with a Legendre polynomial. The longitudinal-transverse interference coefficient C2/A0 is negligible for all populations. For n0 decay, all Legendre coefficients bi are positive, but b2 and b3 for the n5 and n6,7 decays are negative at lower excitation energy, and the latter causes a shift of the forward peak. The negative values may come from the signs of the phase differences of cos?21 and cos?20. The B10(e,e'n) cross section measured up to Ex~32 MeV agrees well with that of B10(?,n), except for a peak at 23 MeV of the giant resonance. In comparison with shell-model calculations, the partial cross section for n0 is sizable up to higher excitation energy, and predicted large partial cross sections populating the 6.97 MeV 7/2- and 11.70 MeV 7/2-+12.06 MeV 3/2- states in the giant resonance were not observed.

Ueno, H.; Kawamura, T.; Suzuki, T.; Taneichi, H.; Saito, T.; Nakagawa, T.; Kino, K.; Nakagawa, T.; Matsuura, Y.; Higuchi, M.

2009-12-01

109

Decay of the electron number density in the nitrogen afterglow using a hairpin resonator probe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hairpin resonator was used to measure the electron number density in the afterglow of a nitrogen glow discharge (p=0.25-0.75 Torr). Electron number densities were measured using a time-dependent approach similar to the approach used by Spencer et al. [J. Phys. D 20, 923 (1987)]. The decay time of the electron number density was used to determine the electron temperature in the afterglow, assuming a loss of electrons via ambipolar diffusion to the walls. The electron temperature in the near afterglow remained between 0.4 and 0.6 eV, depending on pressure. This confirms the work by Guerra et al. [IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 31, 542 (2003)], who demonstrated experimentally and numerically that the electron temperature stays significantly above room temperature via superelastic collisions with highly vibrationally excited ground state molecules and metastables, such as A 3?u+.

Siefert, Nicholas S.; Ganguly, Biswa N.; Sands, Brian L.; Hebner, Greg A.

2006-08-01

110

Resonant double Auger decay in carbon K -shell excitation of CO  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have studied double Auger decay after C1s-->2pi* photoexcitation in gas phase carbon monoxide. Two distinct processes, namely direct double Auger decay and cascade double Auger decay, are identified and studied in detail using multiple coincidence techniques. Cascade Auger decay is shown to be the overall dominant process. Decay channels involving the dissociation of the molecule followed by autoionization of

L. Journel; R. Guillemin; A. Haouas; P. Lablanquie; F. Penent; J. Palaudoux; L. Andric; M. Simon; D. Céolin; T. Kaneyasu; J. Viefhaus; M. Braune; W. B. Li; C. Elkharrat; F. Catoire; J.-C. Houver; D. Dowek

2008-01-01

111

Production characteristics of K0 and light meson resonances in hadronic decays of the Z 0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis of inclusive production of K0 and the meson resonances K*±(892), ?0(770), f 0(975) and f 2(1270) in hadronic decays of the Z0 is presented, based on about 973,000 multihadronic events collected by the DELPHI detector at LEP during 1991 and 1992. Overall multiplicities have been determined as 1.962±0.060 K0 mesons, 0.712±0.067 K*±(892) and 1.21±0.15?0(770) per hadronic Z0 decay. The average multiplicities of f 0(975) for scaled momentum, x p , in the range 0.05? x p ?0.6 and of f 2(1270) for 0.05? x p ?1.0 are 0.098±0.016 and 0.170±0.043 respectively. The f 0(975) and ?0(770) x p -spectra have similar shapes. The f 2(1270)/?0(770) ratio increases with x p . The average multiplicities and the differential cross sections are compared with the JETSET Parton Shower model. The model with default parameters fails to reproduce the experimental K0 momentum spectrum at low momentum, describes the K*±(892) and ?0(770) x p -spectrum shapes, but significantly overestimates their production rates.

Abreu, P.; Adam, W.; Adye, T.; Agasi, E.; Ajinenko, I.; Aleksan, R.; Alekseev, G. D.; Allport, P. P.; Almehed, S.; Almeida, F. M. L.; Alvsvaag, S. J.; Amaldi, U.; Andreazza, A.; Antilogus, P.; Anykeyev, V.; Apel, W.-D.; Apsimon, R. J.; Arnoud, Y.; Asman, B.; Augustin, J.-E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barate, R.; Barbiellini, G.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barker, G. J.; Baroncelli, A.; Barring, O.; Barrio, J. A.; Bartl, W.; Bates, M. J.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Baudot, J.; Becks, K.-H.; Begalli, M.; Beilliere, P.; Beltran, P.; Benvenuti, A. C.; Berggren, M.; Bertrand, D.; Bianchi, F.; Bigi, M.; Bilenky, M. S.; Billoir, P.; Bjarne, J.; Bloch, D.; Blocki, J.; Blyth, S.; Bocci, V.; Bogolubov, P. N.; Bolognese, T.; Bonesini, M.; Bonivento, W.; Booth, P. S. L.; Borisov, G.; Bosio, C.; Bostjancic, B.; Bosworth, S.; Botner, O.; Boudinov, E.; Bouquet, B.; Bourdarios, C.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bozzo, M.; Braibant, S.; Branchini, P.; Brand, K. D.; Brenner, R. A.; Briand, H.; Bricman, C.; Brillault, L.; Brown, R. C. A.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.-M.; Bugge, L.; Buran, T.; Buys, A.; Buytaert, J. A. M. A.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camacho Rozas, A. J.; Campion, R.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Cankocak, K.; Cao, F.; Carena, F.; Carrilho, P.; Carroll, L.; Cases, R.; Caso, C.; Castillo Gimenez, M. V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F. R.; Cerrito, L.; Chabaud, V.; Chan, A.; Chapkin, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Chaussard, L.; Chauveau, J.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G. A.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chrin, J. T. M.; Cindro, V.; Collins, P.; Contreras, J. L.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Couchot, F.; Crawley, H. B.; Crennell, D.; Crosetti, G.; Cuevas Maestro, J.; Czellar, S.; Dahl-Jensen, E.; Dahm, J.; Dalmagne, B.; Dam, M.; Damgaard, G.; Daubie, E.; Daum, A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Davenport, M.; Davies, J.; da Silva, W.; Defoix, C.; Delpierre, P.; Demaria, N.; de Angelis, A.; de Boeck, H.; de Boer, W.; de Brabandere, S.; de Clercq, C.; de Fez Laso, M. D. M.; de La Vaissiere, C.; de Lotto, B.; de Min, A.; de Paula, L.; de Saint-Jean, C.; Dijkstra, H.; di Ciaccio, L.; Djama, F.; Dolbeau, J.; Donszelmann, M.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Dufour, Y.; Dupont, F.; Edsall, D.; Ehret, R.; Ekelof, T.; Ekspong, G.; Elsing, M.; Engel, J.-P.; Ershaidat, N.; Espirito Santo, M.; Fassouliotis, D.; Feindt, M.; Ferrer, A.; Filippas, T. A.; Firestone, A.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Formenti, F.; Fousset, J.-L.; Franek, B.; Frenkiel, P.; Fries, D. C.; Frodesen, A. G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Furstenau, H.; Fuster, J.; Gamba, D.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Garcia, J.; Gaspar, C.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, Ph.; Gazis, E. N.; Gele, D.; Gerber, J.-P.; Giacomelli, P.; Gillespie, D.; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Golovatyuk, V. M.; Gomez Y Cadenas, J. J.; Gopal, G.; Gorn, L.; Gorski, M.; Gracco, V.; Grard, F.; Graziani, E.; Grosdidier, G.; Gunnarsson, P.; Guy, J.; Haedinger, U.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, M.; Hahn, S.; Haider, S.; Hajduk, Z.; Hakansson, A.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hao, W.; Harris, F. J.; Hedberg, V.; Henriques, R.; Hernandez, J. J.; Hernando, J. A.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hessing, T. L.; Higon, E.; Hilke, H. J.; Hill, T. S.; Holmgren, S.-O.; Holt, P. J.; Holthuizen, D.; Honore, P. F.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Huet, K.; Hultqvist, K.; Ioannou, P.; Iversen, P.-S.; Jackson, J. N.; Jacobsson, R.; Jalocha, P.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Johansson, E. K.; Jonker, M.; Jonsson, L.; Juillot, P.; Kaiser, M.; Kalmus, G.; Kapusta, F.; Karlsson, M.; Karvelas, E.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E. C.; Keranen, R.; Khomenko, B. A.; Khovanski, N. N.; King, B.; Kjaer, N. J.; Klein, H.; Kovning, A.; Kluit, P.; Koch-Mehrin, A.; Koehne, J. H.; Koene, B.; Kokkinias, P.; Koratzinos, M.; Korytov, A. V.; Kostioukhine, V.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kramer, P. H.; Krammer, M.; Kreuter, C.; Krolikowski, J.; Kronkvist, I.; Krupinski, W.; Kucewicz, W.; Kulka, K.; Kurvinen, K.; Lacasta, C.; Laktineh, I.; Lambropoulos, C.; Lamsa, J. W.; Lanceri, L.; Langefeld, P.; Lapin, V.; Last, I.; Laugier, J.-P.; Lauhakangas, R.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, F.; Leitner, R.; Lemoigne, Y.; Lemonne, J.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Levy, J. M.; Lieb, R.; Lindner, R.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loerstad, B.; Lokajicek, M.; Loken, J. G.; Lopez-Fernandez, A.; Lopez Aguera, M. A.; Los, M.; Loukas, D.; Lozano, J. J.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; Maehlum, G.; Maillard, J.; Maio, A.; Maltezos, A.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.-C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Maron, T.; Marti, S.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, M.; Mc Cubbin, M.; Mc Kay, R.; Mc Nulty, R.; Medbo, J.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, W. T.; Michelotto, M.; Migliore, E.; Mikulec, I.; Mirabito, L.

1995-12-01

112

A Method for Deriving the Acoustic Absorption Coefficient of Gases from Measurement of the Decay-time of a Resonator  

Microsoft Academic Search

A unique result for the absorption coefficient is obtained from calculations based on measurement of the decay-time using longitudinal and radial modes of propagation. Expressions are given for the energy losses in the viscous and thermal boundary layers at the walls of the resonator. The method is applicable in the range of frequency divided by pressure of 1 to 45

P. D. Edmonds; J. Lamb

1958-01-01

113

Baryon resonance production and dielectron decays in proton-proton collisions at 3.5 GeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on baryon resonance production and decay in proton-proton collisions at a kinetic energy of 3.5 GeV based on data measured with HADES. The exclusive channels and as well as are studied simultaneously for the first time. The invariant masses and angular distributions of the pion-nucleon systems were studied and compared to simulations based on a resonance model ansatz assuming saturation of the pion production by an incoherent sum of baryonic resonances ( R with masses < 2 GeV/c2. A very good description of the one-pion production is achieved allowing for an estimate of individual baryon resonance production cross sections which are used as input to calculate the dielectron yields from decays. Two models of the resonance decays into dielectrons are examined assuming a point-like coupling and the dominance of the meson. The results of model calculations are compared to data from the exclusive channel by means of the dielectron and invariant mass distributions.

Agakishiev, G.; Balanda, A.; Belver, D.; Belyaev, A.; Berger-Chen, J. C.; Blanco, A.; Böhmer, M.; Boyard, J. L.; Cabanelas, P.; Chernenko, S.; Dybczak, A.; Epple, E.; Fabbietti, L.; Fateev, O.; Finocchiaro, P.; Fonte, P.; Friese, J.; Fröhlich, I.; Galatyuk, T.; Garzón, J. A.; Gernhäuser, R.; Göbel, K.; Golubeva, M.; González-D?az, D.; Guber, F.; Gumberidze, M.; Heinz, T.; Hennino, T.; Holzmann, R.; Ierusalimov, A.; Iori, I.; Ivashkin, A.; Jurkovic, M.; Kämpfer, B.; Karavicheva, T.; Koenig, I.; Koenig, W.; Kolb, B. W.; Kornakov, G.; Kotte, R.; Krása, A.; Krizek, F.; Krücken, R.; Kuc, H.; Kühn, W.; Kugler, A.; Kurepin, A.; Ladygin, V.; Lalik, R.; Lang, S.; Lapidus, K.; Lebedev, A.; Liu, T.; Lopes, L.; Lorenz, M.; Maier, L.; Mangiarotti, A.; Markert, J.; Metag, V.; Michalska, B.; Michel, J.; Müntz, C.; Naumann, L.; Pachmayer, Y. C.; Palka, M.; Parpottas, Y.; Pechenov, V.; Pechenova, O.; Pietraszko, J.; Przygoda, W.; Ramstein, B.; Reshetin, A.; Rustamov, A.; Sadovsky, A.; Salabura, P.; Schmah, A.; Schwab, E.; Siebenson, J.; Sobolev, Yu. G.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Ströbele, H.; Stroth, J.; Sturm, C.; Tarantola, A.; Teilab, K.; Tlusty, P.; Traxler, M.; Trebacz, R.; Tsertos, H.; Vasiliev, T.; Wagner, V.; Weber, M.; Wendisch, C.; Wüstenfeld, J.; Yurevich, S.; Zanevsky, Y.

2014-05-01

114

In-source decay and pseudo tandem mass spectrometry fragmentation processes of entire high mass proteins on a hybrid vacuum matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-quadrupole ion-trap time-of-flight mass spectrometer.  

PubMed

In-source decay (ISD), although a process known for decades in mass spectrometry, has a renewed interest due to increased theoretical knowledge in fragmentation processes of large biomolecules coupled with technological improvements. We report here an original method consisting of isolating matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)-generated in-source fragments of large proteins and subsequently performing selective fragmentation experiments (up to four cycles) using a hybrid MALDI quadrupole ion-trap time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI-QIT-TOF). This technology takes advantage of keeping high resolution on the selection of precursors and detection of fragments. It allows exhaustive N- and C-terminal sequencing of proteins. In this work, human serum albumin (HSA), ?-casein, and recombinant Tau proteins were submitted to in source decay in the MALDI source. The fragments were stored in the ion-trap and submitted to sequential collision-induced dissociation (CID). Finally, ISD and pseudo MS(n) were performed on oxidized Tau protein and acetylated bovine serum albumin to identify amino acid modifications. This work highlights the potential of the MALDI-QIT-TOF instrument for pseudo MS(n) strategies and top down proteomics. PMID:22721425

Sellami, Lyna; Belgacem, Omar; Villard, Claude; Openshaw, Matthew E; Barbier, Pascale; Lafitte, Daniel

2012-06-19

115

Search for resonant production of tt¯ decaying to jets in pp¯ collisions at s=1.96TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports a search for nonstandard model topquark resonances, Z', decaying to tt¯?W+bW-b¯, where both W decay to quarks. We examine the top-antitop quark invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The search uses a data sample of pp¯ collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of 2.8fb-1. No evidence for top-antitop quark resonant production is found. We place upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a specific topcolor assisted technicolor model in which the Z' has a width of ?Z'=0.012MZ'. Within this model, we exclude a Z' boson with masses below 805GeV/c2 at the 95% confidence level.

Aaltonen, T.; Álvarez González, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Apresyan, A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bauer, G.; Bedeschi, F.; Beecher, D.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Brisuda, A.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Bucciantonio, M.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Budd, S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calancha, C.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Campbell, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Carron, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Chlebana, F.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Chou, J. P.; Chung, W. H.; Chung, Y. S.; Ciobanu, C. I.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Compostella, G.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Crescioli, F.; Cuenca Almenar, C.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; Dagenhart, D.; D'Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; de Cecco, S.; de Lorenzo, G.; Dell'Orso, M.; Deluca, C.; Demortier, L.; Deng, J.; Deninno, M.; Devoto, F.; D'Errico, M.; di Canto, A.; di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D'Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dong, P.; Dorigo, M.; Dorigo, T.; Ebina, K.; Elagin, A.; Eppig, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Ershaidat, N.; Eusebi, R.; Fang, H. C.; Farrington, S.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J. P.; Ferrazza, C.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Frank, M. J.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Funakoshi, Y.; Furic, I.; Gallinaro, M.; Galyardt, J.; Garcia, J. E.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Giannetti, P.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giunta, M.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Goldschmidt, N.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Gunay-Unalan, Z.; Haber, C.; Hahn, S. R.; Halkiadakis, E.; Hamaguchi, A.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, D.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heck, M.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hewamanage, S.; Hidas, D.; Hocker, A.; Hopkins, W.; Horn, D.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Hurwitz, M.; Husemann, U.; Hussain, N.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jha, M. K.; Jindariani, S.; Johnson, W.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Khotilovich, V.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, H. W.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Klimenko, S.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Krop, D.; Krumnack, N.; Kruse, M.; Krutelyov, V.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Kwang, S.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lander, R. L.; Lannon, K.; Lath, A.; Latino, G.; Lecompte, T.; Lee, E.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Lee, S. W.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lin, C.-J.; Linacre, J.; Lindgren, M.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Litvintsev, D. O.; Liu, C.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maeshima, K.; Makhoul, K.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, C.; Martínez, M.; Martínez-Ballarín, R.; Mastrandrea, P.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzanti, P.; McFarland, K. S.; McIntyre, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Menzione, A.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Mondragon, M. N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Morlock, J.; Movilla Fernandez, P.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Neubauer, M. S.; Nielsen, J.; Nodulman, L.; Norniella, O.; Nurse, E.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagan Griso, S.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Papadimitriou, V.; Paramonov, A. A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Pellett, D. E.; Penzo, A.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Potamianos, K.; Poukhov, O.

2011-10-01

116

Proton decay of {sup 18}Ne states populated in the {sup 14}O+{alpha} resonance interaction  

SciTech Connect

Single and double proton emissions in the {sup 14}O+{sup 4}He interaction were observed with the thick target inverse kinematic method at initial energy for {sup 14}O at 32.7 MeV. It was found that the protons mainly originate from the resonance excitation of states in {sup 18}Ne. The decay of a state in {sup 18}Ne at E{sub ex} = 8.45 MeV demonstrates the features of a decay by a correlated proton pair.

Fu Changbo; Goldberg, V. Z.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Chubarian, G. G.; McCleskey, M.; Zhai, Y.; Al-Abdullah, T.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, R. E. [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Rogachev, G. V. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Skorodumov, B. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2008-04-17

117

Parallel algorithms for maximum a posteriori estimation of spin density and spin-spin decay in magnetic resonance imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

A maximum a posteriori (MAP) algorithm is presented for the estimation of spin-density and spin-spin decay distributions from frequency and phase-encoded magnetic resonance imaging data. Linear spatial localization gradients are assumed: the y-encode gradient applied during the phase preparation time of duration ? before measurement collection, and the x-encode gradient applied during the full data collection time t⩾0. The MRI

Timothy J. Schaewe; Michael I. Miller

1995-01-01

118

Beta-decay of {sup 97}Ag: evidence for the Gamow-Teller resonance near {sup 100}Sn  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 97}Ag{yields}{sup 97}Pd{beta}-decay was investigated by using a total absorption spectrometer and an array of 6 Euroball-Cluster Ge detectors. A total of 603 {gamma}-rays de-exciting 151 levels in {sup 97}Pd have been assigned. The Gamow-Teller {beta}-decay strength distributions from the experiment and a shell-model calculation are compared, revealing a dominant resonance around a {sup 97}Pd excitation energy of 4 MeV with a width of about 1.5 MeV. An experimental quenching factor of about 4.9(7) for the total Gamow-Teller strength was obtained, which is close to the predicted theoretical hindrance factor.

Hu, Z.; Collatz, R.; Gorska, M.; Grawe, H.; Hellstroem, M.; Kirchner, R.; Rejmund, M.; Roeckl, E.; Shibata, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Batist, L.; Moroz, F.; Wittmann, V. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188-350 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Agramunt, J.; Algora, A.; Cano-Ott, D.; Gadea, A.; Rubio, B.; Tain, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot-Valencia (Spain); Brown, B. A. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Gierlik, M. [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Warsaw, PL-00681 Warsaw (Poland)] (and others)

1998-12-21

119

Stationarity coefficients and short-time deviations from exponential decay in atomic resonance states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By solving rigorously and accurately the time-dependent Schrödinger equation, we have obtained numerical results for the decay probability, P(t), of real, multiparticle systems, in the time domain of t~0. Three different types of atomic nonstationary states were examined, the He- 1s2p2 4P, the Ca KLM 3d5p 3Fo, and the He- 1s2s2p 4P5/2, the last one being metastable and decaying via spin-spin interactions. The main results are that there is a t2 dependence of P(t~0) and that a time-dependent short-time decay rate can be calculated. The computed coefficients of the t2 term reflect the degree of stability of the state, (i.e., the degree of proximity to the notion of the standard stationary state of quantum mechanics), and are named the stationarity coefficients. These, together with the conventional quantity of the lifetime, corresponding to the exponential decay regime, constitute intrinsic properties of each real unstable state. For the herein studied metastable state the onset of exponential decay occurs after about 5×10-14 s, i.e., after a duration which is achievable experimentally with laser pulses.

Mercouris, Theodoros; Nicolaides, Cleanthes A.

2002-01-01

120

In vivo electron spin resonance spectroscopy on signal decay of intrastriatal nitroxide radical after acute administration of haloperidol in rats.  

PubMed

Sequential changes in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of nitroxide radical perfused in the striatum of rats treated with haloperidol (HPD) were evaluated using a 700-MHz ESR spectrometer. Nitroxide radical was perfused in the striatum by in vivo microdialysis. Nitroxide used was 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5, 5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl. Following 6-h perfusion of the nitroxide radical by dialysis at the rate of 2 microl/min through the radical introducer that had been stereotaxically implanted in the rat's striatum, HPD or saline was injected intraperitoneally into the rats in the resonator. The sequential changes in the ESR spectrum of the nitroxide radical were then evaluated. Spectra were successively observed in all animals. The half-life, which was estimated on the basis of the exponential decay in signal intensity, was used as a parameter of decay rate of the ESR signal intensity of nitroxide radical. The half-life in the rats injected with HPD was significantly longer than that in controls. This finding suggests that the reducing ability of the striatal extracellular space of a rat acutely treated with HPD was decreased in comparison with that of the control. PMID:10704781

Ueda, Y; Yokoyama, H; Nakajima, A; Ohya-Nishiguchi, H; Kamada, H

2000-03-01

121

Search for W' boson resonances decaying to a top quark and a bottom quark.  

PubMed

We search for the production of a heavy W' gauge boson that decays to third generation quarks in 0.9 fb-1 of pp collisions at square root(s)=1.96 TeV, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no significant excess in the final-state invariant mass distribution and set upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction. For a left-handed W' boson with SM couplings, we set a lower mass limit of 731 GeV. For right-handed W' bosons, we set lower mass limits of 739 GeV if the W' boson decays to both leptons and quarks and 768 GeV if the W' boson decays only to quarks. We also set limits on the coupling of the W' boson to fermions as a function of its mass. PMID:18518600

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Jesus, A C S Assis; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Ay, C; Badaud, F; Baden, A; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Biscarat, C; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Coadou, Y; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; da Motta, H; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Garcia, C; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Gelé, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harrington, R; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinmiller, J M; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Kalinin, A M; Kalk, J M; Kappler, S; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y M; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Korablev, V M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Krop, D; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Leveque, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Molina, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulders, M; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Y Garzón, G J Otero; Owen, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Petteni, M; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Pope, B G; Popov, A V; Potter, C; da Silva, W L Prado; Prosper, H B; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Reucroft, S; Rich, P; Rieger, J; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S

2008-05-30

122

Parameters of scalar resonances from the combined analysis of data on processes ?????, KK¯, ?? and J /? decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A combined analysis of data on the isoscalar S-wave processes ?????, KK¯, ?? and on decays J /?????, ?KK¯ from the DM2, Mark III, and BES II Collaborations is performed to study f0 mesons. The method of analysis is based on analyticity and unitarity and uses an uniformization procedure. In the analysis limited only to the multichannel ??-scattering data, two possible sets of parameters of the f0(500) were found: In both cases the mass was about 700 MeV but the total width was either about 680 or 1040 MeV. The extension of the analysis using only the DM2 and Mark III data on the J /? decays does not allow us to choose between these sets. However, the data from BES II on the di-pion mass distribution in the decay J /????+?- clearly prefer the wider f0(500) state. Spectroscopic implications from the results of the analysis are also discussed.

Surovtsev, Yurii S.; Bydžovský, Petr; Kami?ski, Robert; Lyubovitskij, Valery E.; Nagy, Miroslav

2014-02-01

123

Random-telegraph-signal theory of optical resonance relaxation with applications to free induction decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive the effects of random telegraph noise on the equations of optical resonance. The random-telegraph-signal model allows some results to be found exactly, independent of the strength of the noise or the strength of the field that induces the resonant transitions. Our optical resonance equations depart from the well-known empirical optical Bloch equations in several ways. We obtain excellent agreement at high, low, and intermediate Rabi frequencies with the data of DeVoe and Brewer [Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1269 (1983)]. This is the first such agreement that has been reported with a value of the noise coherence time smaller than about 20 ?sec.

Wódkiewicz, K.; Eberly, J. H.

1985-08-01

124

A study of the decays of tau leptons produced on the Z resonance at LEP  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the analysis of a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.63 pb-1 taken during the 1990 run of LEP at centre of mass energies between 88.2 GeV an 94.2 GeV, the tau decays\\u000a

P. Abreu; W. Adam; T. Adye; E. Agasi; G. D. Alekseev; P. Allen; S. Almehed; S. J. Alvsvaag; U. Amaldi; E. G. Anassontzis; A. Andreazza; P. Antilogus; W.-D. Apel; R. J. Apsimon; B. Åsman; J.-E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; P. Baillon; P. Bambade; F. Barao; R. Barate; G. Barbiellini; D. Y. Bardin; A. Baroncelli; O. Barring; J. A. Barrio; W. Bartl; M. Berggren; M. Battaglia; M. Baubillier; K.-H. Becks; C. J. Beeston; M. Begalli; P. Beilliere; Yu. Belokopytov; P. Beltran; D. Benedic; D. Bertrand; F. Bianchi; M. S. Bilenky; P. Billoir; J. Bjarne; D. Bloch; S. Blyth; V. Bocci; P. N. Bogolubov; T. Bolognese; M. Bonesini; W. Bonivento; P. S. L. Booth; P. Borgeaud; G. Borisov; H. Borner; C. Bosio; B. Bostjancic; S. Bosworth; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; C. Bourdarios; T. J. V. Bowcock; M. Bozzo; S. Braibant; P. Branchini; K. D. Brand; R. A. Brenner; H. Briand; C. Bricman; R. C. A. Brown; N. Brummer; J.-M. Brunet; L. Bugge; T. Buran; H. Burmeister; J. A. M. A. Buytaert; M. Caccia; M. Calvi; A. J. Camacho Rozas; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Couchot; F. Carena; L. Carroll; Carlo Caso; Edoardo Castelli; M. V. Castillo Gimenez; A. Cattai; F. R. Cavallo; L. Cerrito; V. Chabaud; A. Chan; Ph. Charpentier; L. Chaussard; J. Chauveau; P. Checchia; G. A. Chelkov; L. Chevalier; P V Chliapnikov; V. Chorowicz; J. T. M. Chrin; R. Cirio; M. P. Clara; P. Collins; J. L. Contreras; R. Contri; E. Cortina; G. Cosme; H. B. Crawley; D J Crennell; G. Crosetti; M. Crozon; J. Cuevas Maestro; S. Czellar; S. Dagoret; Erik Dahl-Jensen; B. Dalmagne; M. Dam; G. Damgaard; G. Darbo; Evelyne Daubie; A. Daum; P. D. Dauncey; Martyn Davenport; P. David; W. Da Silva; C. Defoix; D. Delikaris; B. A. Della Riccia; S. Delorme; P A Delpierre; N. Demaria; A. De Angelis; M. De Beer; H. De Boeck; Wim de Boer; C. De Clercq; M. D. M. De Fez Laso; N. De Groot; C. De La Vaissiere; B. De Lotto; A. De Min; H. Dijkstra; Lucia Di Ciaccio; F. Djama; J. Dolbeau; M. Donszelmann; K. Doroba; M. Dracos; J. Drees; M. Dris; Y. Dufour; L.-O. Eek; P. A.-M. Eerola; R. Ehret; T. Ekelof; G. Ekspong; A. Elliot Peisert; J.-P. Engel; D. Fassouliotis; T. A. Fearnley; Michael Feindt; A. Fenyuk; M. Fernandez Alonso; A. Ferrer; T. A. Filippas; A. Firestone; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; F. Fontanelli; K. A. J. Forbes; B. Franek; P. Frenkiel; D. C. Fries; A. G. Frodesen; R. Fruhwirth; F. Fulda-Quenzer; K. Furnival; H. Furstenau; J. Fuster; G. Galeazzi; D. Gamba; C. Garcia; J. Garcia; C. Gaspar; U. Gasparini; Ph. Gavillet; E. N. Gazis; J.-P. Gerber; P. Giacomelli; R. Gokieli; B. Bolob; V. M. Golovatyuk; J. J. Gomez Y Cadenas; A. Goobar; G. Gopal; M. Gorski; V. Gracco; A. Grant; F. Grard; E. Graziani; G. Grosadidier; E. Gross; P. Grosse-Wiesmann; B. Grossetete; S. Gumenyuk; J. Guy; U. Haedinger; F. Hahn; M. Hahn; S. Haider; Z. Hajduk; A. Hakansson; K. Hamacher; G. Hamel De Monchenault; W. Hao; F. J. Harris; T. Henkes; J. J. Hernandez; P. Herquet; H. Herr; T. L. Hessing; I. Hietanen; C. O. Higgins; E. Higon; H. J. Hilke; S. D. Hodgson; T. Hofmokl; R. Holmes; S.-O. Holmgren; D. Holthuizen; P. F. Honore; J. E. Hooper; M. Houlden; P. O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; P. Ioannou; D. Isenhower; P.-S. Iversen; J. N. Jackson; P. Jalocha; G. Jarlskog; B. Jean-Marie; E. K. Johansson; D. Johnson; M. Jonker; L. Jonsson; P. Juillot; G. Kalkanis; G. Kalmus; F. Kapusta; M. Karlsson; E. Karvelas; S. Katsanevas; E. C. Katsoufis; R. Keranen; J. Kesteman; B. A. Khomenko; N. N. Khovanski; J. J. Kjaer; H. Klein; W. Klempt; A. Klovning; P. Kluit; A. Koch-Mehrin; J. H. Koehne; B. Koene; P. Kokkinias; M. Kopf; K. Korcyl; A. V. Korytov; V. Kostioukhine; C. Kourkoumelis; O. Kouznetsov; P. H. Kramer; J. Krolikowski; I. Kronkvist; J. Krstic; U. Kruener-Marquis; W. Krupinski; K. Kulka; K. Kurvinen; C. Lacasta; C. Lambropoulos; J. W. Lamsa; L. Lanceri; V. Lapin; J.-P. Laugier; R. Lauhakangas; G. Leder; F. Ledroit; R. Leitner; Y. Lemoigne; J. Lemonne; G. Lenzen; V. Lepeltier; J. M. Levy; E. Lieb; D. Liko; E. Lillethun; J. Lindgren; R. Lindner; A. Lipniacka; I. Lippi; B. Loerstad; M. Lokajicek; J. G. Loken; A. Lopez-Fernandez; M. A. Lopez Aguera; M A López-Aguera; D. Loukas; J. J. Lozano; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; G. Maehlum; J. Maillard; A. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; M. Margoni; J.-C. Marin; A. Markou; T. Maron; S. Marti; L. Mathis; F. Matorras; C. Matteuzzi; G. Matthiae; M. Mazzucato; M. McCubbin; R. Mc Kay; R. Mc Nulty; G. Meola; C. Meroni; W. T. Meyer; M. Michelotto; I. Mikulec; W. A. Mitaroff; G. V. Mitselmakher; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; R. Moeller; K. Moenig; M. R. Monge; P. Morettini; H. Mueller; W. J. Murray; B. Muryn; G. Myatt; F. Naraghi; F. L. Navarria; P. Negri; B. S. Nielsen; B. Nijjhar; V. Nikolaenko; P. E. S. Nilsen; P. Niss; V. Obraztsov; A. G. Olshevski; R. Orava; A. Ostankov; K. Osterberg; A. Ouraou; M. Paganoni; R. Pain; H. Palka; Th. D. Papadopoulou; L. Pape

1992-01-01

125

Evidence for direct neutron decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonances in {sup 90}Zr, {sup 116}Sn, and {sup 208}Pb  

SciTech Connect

The direct and statistical neutron decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance was studied in {sup 90}Zr, {sup 116}Sn, and {sup 208}Pb using the ({alpha},{alpha}{sup '}n) reaction at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. The spectra of fast decay neutrons populating valence hole-states of the Z,N-1 nuclei were analyzed, and estimates for the branching ratios were determined. The results were compared to recent continuum random-phase approximation calculations.

Hunyadi, M.; Berg, A. M. van den; Davids, B.; Harakeh, M. N.; Huu, M. A. de; Woertche, H. J.; Csatlos, M.; Gulyas, J.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Sohler, D.; Garg, U.; Fujiwara, M.; Blasi, N. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Mihogaoka 10-1, Ibaraki, 567-0047 Osaka (Japan); INFN, Milano I-20133 (Italy)

2007-01-15

126

Search for W' Boson Resonances Decaying to a Top Quark and a Bottom Quark  

Microsoft Academic Search

We search for the production of a heavy W' gauge boson that decays to third generation quarks in 0.9fb-1 of p pmacr collisions at s=1.96TeV, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no significant excess in the final-state invariant mass distribution and set upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction. For a

Monica Pangilinan; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; E. Aguilo; S. H. Ahn; M. Ahsan; G. D. Alexeev; Georgiy Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; M. Anastasoaie; L. S. Ancu; T. Andeen; S. Anderson; B. Andrieu; M. S. Anzelc; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; M. Arthaud; A. Askew; B. Åsman; A. C. S. Assis Jesus; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; C. Ay; F. Badaud; A. Baden; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; P. Banerjee; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; A.-F. Barfuss; P. Bargassa; P. Baringer; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; D. Bauer; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; A. Bellavance; J. A. Benitez; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; C. Biscarat; G. Blazey; F. Blekman; S. Blessing; D. Bloch; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; N. J. Buchanan; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdin; S. Burke; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; J. M. Butler; P. Calfayan; S. Calvet; J. Cammin; W. Carvalho; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. Chan; A. Chandra; F. Chevallier; E. Cheu; D. K. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; L. Christofek; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; Y. Coadou; M. Corcoran; W. E. Cooper; M.-C. Cousinou; F. Couderc; S. Crépé-Renaudin; D. Cutts; M. Cwiok; H. da Motta; A. Das; G. Davies; K. de; S. J. de Jong; E. de La Cruz-Burelo; C. de Oliveira Martins; J. D. Degenhardt; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; H. Dong; L. V. Dudko; L. Duflot; S. R. Dugad; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; J. Dyer; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; P. Ermolov; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; A. V. Ferapontov; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fu; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; C. F. Galea; E. Gallas; C. Garcia; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. D. Grannis; W. Geist; D. Gelé; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; D. Gillberg; G. Ginther; N. Gollub; B. Gómez; A. Goussiou; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J.-F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; N. J. Hadley; P. Haefner; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; I. Hall; R. E. Hall; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; R. Harrington; J. M. Hauptman; R. Hauser; J. Hays; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; J. G. Hegeman; J. M. Heinmiller; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; H. Hoeth; M. Hohlfeld; S. J. Hong; S. Hossain; P. Houben; Y. Hu; Z. Hubacek; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; K. Jakobs; C. Jarvis; R. Jesik; K. Johns; C. Johnson; M. Johnson; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; A. Juste; E. Kajfasz; A. M. Kalinin; J. M. Kalk; S. Kappler; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; D. Kau; V. Kaushik; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. M. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; T. J. Kim; M. H. Kirby; M. Kirsch; B. Klima; J. M. Kohli; J.-P. Konrath; V. M. Korablev; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; D. Krop; T. Kuhl; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; J. Kvita; F. Lacroix; D. Lam; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; W. M. Lee; A. Leflat; J. Lellouch; J. Leveque; J. Li; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. G. R. Lima; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; R. J. Madaras; P. Mättig; C. Magass; A. Magerkurth; P. K. Mal; H. B. Malbouisson; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; H. S. Mao; Y. Maravin; B. Martin; R. McCarthy; A. Melnitchouk; L. Mendoza; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; K. W. Merritt; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; T. Millet; J. Mitrevski; J. Molina; R. K. Mommsen; N. K. Mondal; R. W. Moore; T. Moulik; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulders; M. Mulhearn; O. Mundal; L. Mundim; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; N. A. Naumann; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; H. Nilsen; H. Nogima; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; V. O'Dell; D. C. O'Neil; G. Obrant; C. Ochando; D. Onoprienko; N. Oshima; N. Osman; J. Osta; R. Otec; G. J. Otero Y Garzón; M. Owen; P. Padley; N. Parashar; S.-J. Park; S. K. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridge; N. Parua; A. Patwa; G. Pawloski; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; P. Pétroff; M. Petteni; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M.-A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; V. M. Podstavkov; Y. Pogorelov; M.-E. Pol; P. Polozov; B. G. Pope; A. V. Popov; C. Potter; W. L. Prado da Silva; H. B. Prosper; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; A. Rakitine; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; P. Renkel; S. Reucroft; P. Rich; J. Rieger

2008-01-01

127

A precise measurement of the Z resonance parameters through its hadronic decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

A measurement of the cross section for e+e- --> hadrons using 11 000 hadronic decays of the Z boson at ten different center-of-mass energies is presented. A three-parameter fit gives the following values for the Z mass Mz, the total width Gammaz, the product of the electronic and hadronic partial widths GammaeGammah, and the unfolded pole cross section sigma0: MZ=91.171+\\/-0.030(stat)+\\/-0.030

P. Abreu; W. Adam; F. Adami; T. Adye; G. D. Alekseev; James V Allaby; P. Allen; S. Almehed; F. Alted; S. J. Alvsvaag; Ugo Amaldi; E G Anassontzis; W. D. Apel; B. Asman; C. Astor Ferreres; J. E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; Paul Baillon; P. Bambade; F. Barao; Guido Barbiellini; Dimitri Yuri Bardin; A. Baroncelli; O. Barring; Walter Bartl; M. J. Bates; M. Baubillier; K. H. Becks; C. J. Beeston; P. Beilliere; I. Belokopytov; P. Beltran; D. Benedic; J. M. Benlloch; M. Berggren; D. Bertrand; S F Biagi; F. Bianchi; J. H. Bibby; M. S. Bilenky; P. Billoir; J. Bjarne; D. Bloch; P. N. Bogolubov; D. Bollini; T. Bolognese; M. Bonapart; P. S. L. Booth; M. Boratav; P. Borgeaud; H. Borner; G. Borisov; C. Bosio; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; M. Bozzo; S. Braibant; P. Branchini; K. D. Brand; R. A. Brenner; C. Bricman; R. C. A. Brown; N. Brummer; J. M. Brunet; L. Bugge; T. Buran; H. Burmeister; C. M. Buttar; J. A. M. A. Buytaert; M. Caccia; M. Calvi; A. J. Camacho Rozas; J. E. Campagne; A. Campion; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Cao; L. Carroll; Carlo Caso; Edoardo Castelli; M. V. Castillo Gimenez; A. Cattai; F. R. Cavallo; L. Cerrito; P. Charpentier; P. Checchia; G. A. Chelkov; L. Chevalier; C. Chiccoli; P. V. Chliapnikov; V. Chorowicz; R. Cirio; M. P. Clara; J. L. Contreras; R. Contri; G. Cosme; F. Couchot; H. B. Crawley; D J Crennell; M. Cresti; G. Crosetti; N. Crosland; M. Crozon; J. Cuevas Maestro; S. Czellar; S. Dagoret; Erik Dahl-Jensen; B. D'Almagne; M. Dam; G. Damgaard; G. Darbo; Evelyne Daubie; Martyn Davenport; P. David; A. de Angelis; M. de Beer; H. de Boeck; Wim de Boer; C. de Clercq; M. D. M. de Fez Laso; N. de Groot; B. de Lotto; C. de La Vaissiere; C. Defoix; D. Delikaris; P A Delpierre; N. Demaria; K. G. Denisenko; Lucia Di Ciaccio; Albert Nomdo Diddens; H. Dijkstra; F. Djama; J. Dolbeau; K. Doroba; M. Dracos; J. Drees; M. Dris; W. Dulinski; R I Dzhelyadin; D. N. Edwards; L. O. Eek; Paule Anna Mari Eerola; T J C Ekelöf; Gösta Ekspong; J. P. Engel; V P Falaleev; A. Fenyuk; M. Fernandez Alonso; A. Ferrer; S. Ferroni; T. A. Filippas; A. Firestone; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; F. Fontanelli; H. Forsbach; B J Franek; K. E. Fransson; P. Frenkiel; D E C Fries; R. Fruhwirth; F. Fulda-Quenzer; H. Fuerstenau; J A Fuster; J. M. Gago; G. Galeazzi; D. Gamba; U. Gasparini; P. Gavillet; S. Gawne; E. N. Gazis; P. Giacomelli; K. W. Glitza; R. Gokieli; V. M. Golovatyuk; A. Goobar; Gian P Gopal; M. Gorski; V. Graco; A. Grant; F. Grard; E. Graziani; M. H. Gros; G. Grosdidier; B. Grossetete; S A Gumenyuk; J. Guy; F. Hahn; M. Hahn; S. Haider; Z. Hajduk; A. Hakansson; A. Hallgren; K. Hamacher; G. Hamel de Monchenault; J. F. Harris; B. Heck; I. Herbst; J. J. Hernandez; P. Herquet; H. Herr; E. Higon; Hans Jürgen Hilke; T. Hofmokl; R. Holmes; S. O. Holmgren; J. E. Hooper; M A Houlden; Josef Hrubec; P. O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; D. Husson; Bernard David Hyams; P. Ioannou; P. S. Iversen; J. N. Jackson; P. Jalocha; G. Jarlskog; P. Jarry; B. Jean-Marie; E. K. Johansson; M. Jonker; L B Jönsson; P. Juillot; R. B. Kadyrov; G. Kalkanis; George Ernest Kalmus; G. Kantardjian; F. Kapusta; P. Kapusta; S. Katsanevas; E. C. Katsoufis; R. Keranen; J. Kesteman; B. A. Khomenko; B J King; H. Klein; W. Klempt; A. Klovning; P M Kluit; J. H. Koehne; B. Koene; P. Kokkinias; M. Kopf; M. Koratzinos; K. Korcyl; B. Korzen; C. Kourkoumelis; T. Kreuzberger; J. Krolikowski; U. Kruener-Marquis; W. Krupinski; W. Kucewicz; K L Kurvinen; Mikko Laakso; C. Lambropoulos; J. W. Lamsa; L. Lanceri; D. Langerveld; V. Lapin; J. P. Laugier; R. Lauhakangas; P. Laurikainen; Gerhard Leder; F. Ledroit; J. Lemonne; Georg Lenzen; V. Lepeltier; A A Letessier-Selvon; E H Lieb; E. Lillestol; E. Lillethun; J. Lindgren; I. Lippi; R. Llosa; B. Loerstad; M. Lokajicek; J. G. Loken; A. Lopez; M. A. Lopez Aguera; D. Loukas; J Lozano-Bahilo; R. Lucock; B. Lund-Jensen; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; G. Maehlum; J. Maillard; A. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; J. C. Marin; A. Markou; L G Mathis; C. Matteuzzi; Giorgio Matthiae; M. Mazzucato; M. Mc Cubbin; R. Mc Kay; E. Menichetti; C. Meroni; W. T. Meyer; W. A. Mitaroff; G. V. Mitselmakher; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; R. Moeller; K. Moenig; M. R. Monge; P. Morettini; H. Mueller; H. Muller; G. Myatt; F. Naraghi; U. Nau-Korzen; F. L. Navarria; P. Negri; B. S. Nielsen; M. Nigro; V. Nikolaenko; V. Obraztsov; R. Orava; A. Ostankov; A. Ouraou; R. Pain; K. Pakonski; H. Palka; T. Papadopoulou; L. Pape; P. Pasini; A. Passeri; M. Pegoraro; V. Perevozchikov; M. Pernicka; M. Pimenta; O. Pingot; C. Pinori; A. Pinsent; M. E. Pol; G. Polok; P Privitera; A. Pullia; J. Pyyhtia; P. Queru; A. A. Rademakers; D. Radojicic; S. Ragazzi; W. H. Range; P. N. Ratoff; A. L. Read; N. G. Redaelli; M. Regler; D. Reid; P. B. Renton; L. K. Resvanis; F. Richard; J. Ridky; G. Rinaudo; I. Roditi; A. Romero; P. Ronchese; E. Rosenberg; E. Rosso

1990-01-01

128

Decay properties of tau leptons measured at the Z0 resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 2540 Z0 --> tau+tau- events, we determine the inclusive decay branching fractions of the tau-lepton into one and three charged particles to be 0.856 +\\/- 0.006 (stat.) +\\/- 0.003 (syst.) and 0.144 +\\/- 0.006 (stat.) +\\/- 0.003 (syst.), respectively. The leptonic branching fractions are measured to be 0.175 +\\/- 0.008 (stat.) +\\/- 0.005 (syst.) for tau --> munumunutau and

B. Adeva; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; G. Ambrosi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; R. Barillère; L. Barone; R. Battiston; A. Bay; U. Becker; F. Behner; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; A. Biland; G. M. Bilei; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; P. Blömeke; B. Blumenfeld; G. J. Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R. Bock; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; M. Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B. Bouwens; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; F. Bruyant; C. Buisson; A. Bujak; J. D. Burger; J. Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; F. Carbonara; M. Caria; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M. Cerrada; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; M. Chmeissani; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; V. Commichau; G. Conforto; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; D. Dibitonto; M. Diemoz; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; E. Drago; T. Driever; D. Duchesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; P. Extermann; R. Fabbretti; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; Q. Fan; S. J. Fan; O. Fackler; J. Fay; T. Ferguson; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H. Fesefeldt; E. Fiandrini; J. Field; F. Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; K. Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; M. Glaubman; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gordeev; P. Göttlicher; D. Goujon; G. Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; H. Haan; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; L. S. Hsu; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; V. Innocente; H. Janssen; S. Jezequel; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu. Kamyshkov; Y. Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; V. Khoze; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W. Kinnison; D. Kirkby; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; O. Kornadt; V. Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; J. Krizmanic; K. S. Kumar; A. Kunin; V. Lalieu; G. Landi; K. Lanius; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P. Lebrun; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; L. Leistam; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; P. M. Levchenko; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; J. F. Li; L. Li; P. J. Li; Q. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; R. Liu; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; R. Magahiz; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marchionni; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; G. Morand; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; L. Niessen; H. Nowak; D. Pandoulas; M. Pauluzzi; F. Pauss; F. Plasil; G. Passaleva; G. Paternoster; S. Patricelli; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; G. Raven; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; Z. Ren; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; O. Rind; C. Rippich; H. A. Rizvi; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; L. Romero; J. Rose; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; A. Rubbia; J. A. Rubio; W. Ruckstuhl; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; J. Salicio; G. Sanders; A. Santocchia; M. S. Sarakinos; G. Sartorelli; G. Sauvage; A. Savin; V. Schegelsky; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; H. Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; L. Servoli; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; V. Shevchenko; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; K. Shmakov; V. Shoutko; E. Shumilov; N. Smirnov; E. Soderstrom; A. Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Sticozzi; W. Stoeffl; H. Stone; K. Strauch; B. C. Stringfellow; K. Sudhakar; G. Sultanov; R. L. Summer; L. Z. Sun; H. Suter; R. B. Sutton; J. D. Swain; A. A. Syed; X. W. Tang; E. Tarkovsky

1991-01-01

129

Search for a narrow baryonic resonance decaying to K s 0 p or K s 0 p ¯ in deep inelastic scattering at HERA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for a narrow baryonic resonance decaying to Ks0p or Ks0p¯ is carried out in deep inelastic ep scattering with the H1 detector at HERA. Such a resonance could be a strange pentaquark ?+, evidence for which has been reported by several experiments. The Ks0p and Ks0p¯ invariant mass distributions presented here do not show any significant peak in

A. Aktas; V. Andreev; T. Anthonis; B. Antunovic; S. Aplin; A. Asmone; A. Astvatsatourov; A. Babaev; S. Backovic; A. Baghdasaryan; P. Baranov; E. Barrelet; W. Bartel; S. Baudrand; S. Baumgartner; J. Becker; M. Beckingham; O. Behnke; O. Behrendt; A. Belousov; N. Berger; J. C. Bizot; M.-O. Boenig; V. Boudry; J. Bracinik; G. Brandt; V. Brisson; D. Bruncko; F. W. Büsser; A. Bunyatyan; G. Buschhorn; L. Bystritskaya; A. J. Campbell; F. Cassol-Brunner; K. Cerny; V. Cerny; V. Chekelian; J. G. Contreras; J. A. Coughlan; B. E. Cox; G. Cozzika; J. Cvach; J. B. Dainton; W. D. Dau; K. Daum; Y. de Boer; B. Delcourt; M. Del Degan; A. De Roeck; E. A. De Wolf; C. Diaconu; V. Dodonov; A. Dubak; G. Eckerlin; V. Efremenko; S. Egli; R. Eichler; F. Eisele; A. Eliseev; E. Elsen; S. Essenov; A. Falkewicz; P. J. W. Faulkner; L. Favart; A. Fedotov; R. Felst; J. Feltesse; L. Finke; M. Fleischer; G. Flucke; A. Fomenko; G. Franke; T. Frisson; E. Gabathuler; J. Gayler; C. Gerlich; S. Ghazaryan; S. Ginzburgskaya; A. Glazov; I. Glushkov; L. Goerlich; M. Goettlich; N. Gogitidze; S. Gorbounov; C. Grab; T. Greenshaw; M. Gregori; B. R. Grell; G. Grindhammer; C. Gwilliam; D. Haidt; L. Hajduk; M. Hansson; G. Heinzelmann; R. C. W. Henderson; H. Henschel; G. Herrera; M. Hildebrandt; K. H. Hiller; D. Hoffmann; R. Horisberger; A. Hovhannisyan; T. Hreus; S. Hussain; M. Ibbotson; M. Jacquet; L. Janauschek; X. Janssen; V. Jemanov; L. Jönsson; D. P. Johnson; A. W. Jung; H. Jung; M. Kapichine; J. Katzy; I. R. Kenyon; C. Kiesling; M. Klein; C. Kleinwort; T. Klimkovich; G. Knies; A. Knutsson; V. Korbel; P. Kostka; K. Krastev; J. Kretzschmar; A. Kropivnitskaya; K. Krüger; M. P. J. Landon; W. Lange; G. Laštovi?ka-Medin; P. Laycock; A. Lebedev; G. Leibenguth; V. Lendermann; S. Levonian; L. Lindfeld; K. Lipka; A. Liptaj; B. List; J. List; E. Lobodzinska; N. Loktionova; R. Lopez-Fernandez; V. Lubimov; A.-I. Lucaci-Timoce; H. Lueders; D. Lüke; T. Lux; L. Lytkin; A. Makankine; N. Malden; E. Malinovski; S. Mangano; P. Marage; R. Marshall; L. Marti; M. Martisikova; H.-U. Martyn; S. J. Maxfield; A. Mehta; K. Meier; A. B. Meyer; H. Meyer; J. Meyer; V. Michels; S. Mikocki; I. Milcewicz-Mika; D. Milstead; A. Mohamed; F. Moreau; A. Morozov; J. V. Morris; M. U. Mozer; K. Müller; P. Murín; K. Nankov; B. Naroska; Th. Naumann; P. R. Newman; C. Niebuhr; A. Nikiforov; G. Nowak; K. Nowak; M. Nozicka; R. Oganezov; B. Olivier; J. E. Olsson; S. Osman; D. Ozerov; V. Palichik; I. Panagoulias; T. Papadopoulou; C. Pascaud; G. D. Patel; H. Peng; E. Perez; D. Perez-Astudillo; A. Perieanu; A. Petrukhin; D. Pitzl; R. Pla?akyt?; B. Portheault; P. Prideaux; A. J. Rahmat; N. Raicevic; P. Reimer; A. Rimmer; C. Risler; E. Rizvi; P. Robmann; B. Roland; R. Roosen; A. Rostovtsev; Z. Rurikova; S. Rusakov; F. Salvaire; D. P. C. Sankey; E. Sauvan; S. Schätzel; S. Schmidt; C. Schmitz; L. Schoeffel; A. Schöning; H.-C. Schultz-Coulon; F. Sefkow; R. N. Shaw-West; I. Sheviakov; L. N. Shtarkov; T. Sloan; P. Smirnov; Y. Soloviev; D. South; V. Spaskov; A. Specka; M. Steder; B. Stella; J. Stiewe; A. Stoilov; U. Straumann; D. Sunar; V. Tchoulakov; G. Thompson; P. D. Thompson; T. Toll; F. Tomasz; D. Traynor; P. Truöl; I. Tsakov; G. Tsipolitis; I. Tsurin; J. Turnau; E. Tzamariudaki; K. Urban; M. Urban; A. Usik; D. Utkin; A. Valkárová; C. Vallée; P. Van Mechelen; A. Vargas Trevino; Y. Vazdik; C. Veelken; S. Vinokurova; V. Volchinski; K. Wacker; G. Weber; R. Weber; D. Wegener; C. Werner; M. Wessels; B. Wessling; Ch. Wissing; R. Wolf; E. Wünsch; S. Xella; W. Yan; V. Yeganov; J. Žá?ek; J. Zálešák; Z. Zhang; A. Zhelezov; Y. C. Zhu; J. Zimmermann; T. Zimmermann; H. Zohrabyan; F. Zomer

2006-01-01

130

Direct neutron decay from the giant monopole resonance in /sup 208/Pb  

SciTech Connect

Experimental values of partial direct escape widths for the giant monopole resonance (GMR) in /sup 208/Pb are presented and compared with predictions from various RPA models. It is found that different model Hamiltonians that reproduce equally well the energy and strength of the GMR in /sup 208/Pb lead to direct escape width which may differ by a large factor. 1 tab. (RWR)

Bracco, A.; Beene, J.R.; Van Giai, N.; Bortignon, P.F.; Zardi, F.; Broglia, R.A.

1988-01-01

131

Transient mobility in silicon as seen by a combination of free-carrier absorption and resonance-coupled photoconductive decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The combination of the resonance-coupled photoconductive decay (RCPCD) apparatus and a pump-probe free carrier absorption experiment results in a method of viewing transient mobility. RCPCD uses an Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm to pump the p-type silicon wafer, and a microwave coil antenna detects the transient excess-carrier concentration. The pump-probe experiment uses the same pump laser and a 10.6 ?m CO2 laser with HgCdTe photodetector to measure the transient change in absorption. The change in conductivity detected by RCPCD is directly proportional to the excess-carrier concentration (?n) and mobility (?), whereas the pump-probe experiment has an inversely proportional relationship. By mathematically combining these signals at equivalent optical fluxes, a quantity proportional to the mobility emerges. The mobility is shown to vary both temporally and with respect to injection, countering the assumption that mobility is constant for photoconductive decay measurements. Theory and results are discussed within.

Feldman, Ari; Ahrenkiel, Richard; Lehman, John

2013-03-01

132

Search for B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}hh decays at the {Upsilon}(5S) resonance  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}hh decays, where h stands for a charged or neutral kaon, or a charged pion. These results are based on a 23.6 fb{sup -1} data sample collected with the Belle detector on the {Upsilon}(5S) resonance at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider, containing 1.25x10{sup 6} B{sub s}{sup (*)}B{sub s}{sup (*)} events. We observe the decay B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}K{sup +}K{sup -} and measure its branching fraction, B(B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}K{sup +}K{sup -})=[3.8{sub -0.9}{sup +1.0}(stat){+-}0.5(syst){+-}0.5(f{sub s})]x10{sup -5}. The first error is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third error is due to the uncertainty in the B{sub s}{sup 0} production fraction in e{sup +}e{sup -{yields}}bb events. No significant signals are seen in other decay modes, and we set upper limits at the 90% confidence level: B(B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}K{sup -{pi}+})<1.2x10{sup -5}, B(B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}{pi}+{pi}-})<2.6x10{sup -5}, and B(B{sub s}{sup 0{yields}}K{sup 0}K{sup 0})<6.6x10{sup -5}.

Peng, C.-C.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chen, K.-F.; Chen, P.; Chiang, C.-C.; Hou, W.-S.; Shiu, J.-G. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei (China); Adachi, I.; Haba, J.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumisawa, K.; Tanaka, M.; Trabelsi, K.; Uehara, S. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)

2010-10-01

133

On multilevel interference in the. cap alpha. -decay channel of neutron resonances  

SciTech Connect

Reasons for the experimentally observed suppression (by a factor of more than 30) of the ..cap alpha.. decay to the ground state in the /sup 145/Nd(n,..cap alpha..)/sup 142/Ce and /sup 67/Zn(n,..cap alpha..)/sup 64/Ni reactions induced by thermal neutrons are discussed. To describe the neutron-energy dependence of the (n,..cap alpha..) reaction cross section we used the R-matrix formalism in the Reich-Moore approximation. It is shown that interference of three or more /sup 145/Nd and /sup 67/Zn levels leads to thermal cross sections below the experimental upper estimates.

Vtyurin, V.A.; Zak, A.; Popov, Y.P.; Ukraintsev, V.F.

1987-05-01

134

Measurement of resonant and CP components in B ¯s0?J/??+?- decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structure of the decay B ¯s0?J/??+?- is studied using data corresponding to 3 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from pp collisions produced by the LHC and collected by the LHCb detector. Five interfering ?+?- states are required to describe the decay: f0(980),f0(1500),f0(1790),f2(1270), and f2'(1525). An alternative model including these states and a nonresonant J/??+?- component also provides a good description of the data. Based on the different transversity components measured for the spin-2 intermediate states, the final state is found to be compatible with being entirely CP odd. The CP-even part is found to be <2.3% at a 95% confidence level. The f0(500) state is not observed, allowing a limit to be set on the absolute value of the mixing angle with the f0(980) of <7.7° at a 90% confidence level, consistent with a tetraquark interpretation of the f0(980) substructure.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Borsato, M.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Cassina, L.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Counts, I.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Cruz Torres, M.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorigo, M.; Dorosz, P.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Esen, S.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Fu, J.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gavardi, L.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gianelle, A.; Giani', S.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Hafkenscheid, T. W.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Henry, L.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kelsey, M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Khurewathanakul, C.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lowdon, P.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Luppi, E.

2014-05-01

135

Axial resonances a 1(1260), b 1(1235) and their decays from the lattice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The light axial-vector resonances a 1(1260) and b 1(1235) are explored in N f = 2 lattice QCD by simulating the corresponding scattering channels ?? and ??. Interpolating fields and ?? or ?? are used to extract the s-wave phase shifts for the first time. The ? and ? are treated as stable and we argue that this is justified in the considered energy range and for our parameters m ? ? 266 MeV and L ? 2 fm. We neglect other channels that would be open when using physical masses in continuum. Assuming a resonance interpretation a Breit-Wigner fit to the phase shift gives the a 1(1260) resonance mass compared to GeV. The a 1 width is parametrized in terms of the coupling and we obtain GeV compared to GeV derived from MeV. In the b 1 channel, we find energy levels related to ?(0) ?(0) and b 1(1235), and the lowest level is found at E 1 ? m ? + m ? but is within uncertainty also compatible with an attractive interaction. Assuming the coupling extracted from the experimental width we estimate

Lang, C. B.; Leskovec, Luka; Mohler, Daniel; Prelovsek, Sasa

2014-04-01

136

On the partial-wave analysis of mesonic resonances decaying to multiparticle final states produced by polarized photons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Meson spectroscopy is going through a revival with the advent of high statistics experiments and new advances in the theoretical predictions. The Constituent Quark Model (CQM) is finally being expanded considering more basic principles of field theory and using discrete calculations of Quantum Chromodynamics (lattice QCD). These new calculations are approaching predictive power for the spectrum of hadronic resonances and decay modes. It will be the task of the new experiments to extract the meson spectrum from the data and compare with those predictions. The goal of this report is to describe one particular technique for extracting resonance information from multiparticle final states. The technique described here, partial wave analysis based on the helicity formalism, has been used at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) using pion beams, and Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) using photon beams. In particular this report broadens this technique to include production experiments using linearly polarized real photons or quasi-real photons. This article is of a didactical nature. We describe the process of analysis, detailing assumptions and formalisms, and is directed towards people interested in starting partial wave analysis.

Salgado, Carlos W.; Weygand, Dennis P.

2014-04-01

137

Projection of excited orbitals into kinetic energies of emitted electrons in resonant Si KLL Auger decays of SiF4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectator resonant Auger-electron spectra have been measured in the Si 1s photoexcitation region of SiF4 using an electron spectroscopic technique combined with undulator radiation. A transition with the highest intensity in the total ion yield spectrum, which comes from excitation of a 1s electron into the 6t2 valence orbital, generates resonant Auger decays in which the excited electron remains predominantly in the valence orbital or is partly shaken up into a high-lying Rydberg orbital. The higher-lying peak generated through excitation into Rydberg orbitals induces resonant Auger decays in which the excited Rydberg electron is partly shaken up to a higher-lying Rydberg orbital or shaken down to a lower-lying valence molecular orbital. These findings exhibit a clear disentanglement effect among excited orbitals which are smeared out in the 1s electron excitation spectrum.

Suzuki, I. H.; Kono, Y.; Ikeda, A.; Ouchi, T.; Ueda, K.; Takahashi, O.; Higuchi, I.; Tamenori, Y.; Nagaoka, S.

2010-10-01

138

Search for resonant production of tt decaying to jets in pp collisions at {radical}(s)=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports a search for nonstandard model topquark resonances, Z', decaying to tt{yields}W{sup +}bW{sup -}b, where both W decay to quarks. We examine the top-antitop quark invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The search uses a data sample of pp collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of 2.8 fb{sup -1}. No evidence for top-antitop quark resonant production is found. We place upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a specific topcolor assisted technicolor model in which the Z' has a width of {Gamma}{sub Z'}=0.012M{sub Z'}. Within this model, we exclude a Z' boson with masses below 805 GeV/c{sup 2} at the 95% confidence level.

Aaltonen, T.; Brucken, E.; Devoto, F.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R. [Division of High Energy Physics, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of Physics, FIN-00014, Helsinki (Finland); Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Casal, B.; Cuevas, J.; Gomez, G.; Palencia, E.; Rodrigo, T.; Ruiz, A.; Scodellaro, L.; Vila, I.; Vilar, R.; Vizan, J. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, CSIC-University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Amerio, S.; Dorigo, T.; Totaro, P. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova-Trento, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Amidei, D. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-10-01

139

Projection of excited orbitals into kinetic energies of emitted electrons in resonant Si KLL Auger decays of SiF{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect

Spectator resonant Auger-electron spectra have been measured in the Si 1s photoexcitation region of SiF{sub 4} using an electron spectroscopic technique combined with undulator radiation. A transition with the highest intensity in the total ion yield spectrum, which comes from excitation of a 1s electron into the 6t{sub 2} valence orbital, generates resonant Auger decays in which the excited electron remains predominantly in the valence orbital or is partly shaken up into a high-lying Rydberg orbital. The higher-lying peak generated through excitation into Rydberg orbitals induces resonant Auger decays in which the excited Rydberg electron is partly shaken up to a higher-lying Rydberg orbital or shaken down to a lower-lying valence molecular orbital. These findings exhibit a clear disentanglement effect among excited orbitals which are smeared out in the 1s electron excitation spectrum.

Suzuki, I. H. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Kono, Y.; Ikeda, A.; Nagaoka, S. [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan); Ouchi, T.; Ueda, K. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Takahashi, O. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Higuchi, I.; Tamenori, Y. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun 679-5198 (Japan)

2010-10-15

140

High Mass Accuracy and High Mass Resolving Power FT-ICR Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry for Biological Tissue Imaging  

SciTech Connect

Biological tissue imaging by secondary ion mass spectrometry has seen rapid development with the commercial availability of polyatomic primary ion sources. Endogenous lipids and other small bio-molecules can now be routinely mapped on the micrometer scale. Such experiments are typically performed on time-of-flight mass spectrometers for high sensitivity and high repetition rate imaging. However, such mass analyzers lack the mass resolving power to ensure separation of isobaric ions and the mass accuracy for exact mass elemental formula assignment. We have recently reported a secondary ion mass spectrometer with the combination of a C60 primary ion gun with a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR MS) for high mass resolving power, high mass measurement accuracy and tandem mass spectrometry capabilities. In this work, high specificity and high sensitivity secondary ion FT-ICR MS was applied to chemical imaging of biological tissue. An entire rat brain tissue was measured with 150 ?m spatial resolution (75 ?m primary ion spot size) with mass resolving power (m/?m50%) of 67,500 (at m/z 750) and root-mean-square measurement accuracy less than two parts-per-million for intact phospholipids, small molecules and fragments. For the first time, ultra-high mass resolving power SIMS has been demonstrated, with m/?m50% > 3,000,000. Higher spatial resolution capabilities of the platform were tested at a spatial resolution of 20 ?m. The results represent order of magnitude improvements in mass resolving power and mass measurement accuracy for SIMS imaging and the promise of the platform for ultra-high mass resolving power and high spatial resolution imaging.

Smith, Donald F.; Kiss, Andras; Leach, Franklin E.; Robinson, Errol W.; Pasa-Tolic, Ljiljana; Heeren, Ronald M.

2013-07-01

141

Decay of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy isomers under conditions of a resonance environment (Moessbauer Screen)  

SciTech Connect

The half-lives of the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy (E = 25.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 30 ns for the former and E = 74.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 3 ns for the latter) placed in a {sup 160}Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal lattice at T = 300 K and surrounded by stable {sup 161}Dy nuclei in the composition of {sup 161}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} were measured by the method of ({beta}-{gamma}) coincidences in the beta-decay process {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy. Nuclei of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy were obtained according to the chain {sup 160}Gd(n, {gamma}){sup 161}Gd {yields} {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy from {sup 160}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} weighted portions irradiated at the PWR-M reactor of the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI, Gatchina, Russia). The T{sub 1/2} value observed for the isomer {sup 161m1}Dy was found to be correlated with the number of surrounding {sup 161}Dy nuclei. The presence of this correlation in {sup 161m1}Dy can be explained by the multiple resonance scattering of photons from isomer decay within the sample used. No such correlation was observed for {sup 161m2}Dy. The half-lives measured for the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy in the absence of the above environment are 29.2(1) and 3.50(1) ns, respectively.

Loginov, Yu. E., E-mail: yurlo@pnpi.spb.ru; Zinoviev, V. G.; Kabina, L. P.; Lisin, S. S.; Maljutenkov, Ed. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15

142

Resonant Auger decay of core-excited CO molecules in intense x-ray laser pulses: the O(1s ? ?*) excitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamics of the resonant Auger (RA) decay of the core-excited CO*(1s-1?*) molecule in intense x-ray laser pulses is studied theoretically. The present approach includes the impact of the analogue of conical intersections of the complex potential energy surfaces of the ground and ‘dressed’ resonant states induced by intense x-ray pulses. It also takes into account the decay of the resonance and the direct photoionization of the ground state, both populating the same final ionic states coherently, as well as the direct photoionization of the resonance state itself. The individual impacts of these physical processes on the total ion yield, the CO+(A?2?) electron spectrum and the ro-vibrational distributions of the neutral molecules remaining in the ground electronic state after the laser pulse has expired are analysed and compared to those reported previously for the C*O resonance. It is also demonstrated that the RA effect of molecules by strong laser pulses of resonant carrier frequency is an efficient process to produce two-site double-core-hole-one-particle states of CO*.

Demekhin, Ph V.; Cederbaum, L. S.

2013-08-01

143

Eclipsing binaries among high-mass stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first results of a comprehensive photometric O-star survey performed with a robotic twin refractor at the Universitätssternwarte Bochum located near Cerro Armazones in Chile. For three high-mass stars, Pismis 24-1, CPD - 51? 8946, and HD 319702, we determined the period through the Lafler-Kinman algorithm and modelled the light curves within the framework of the Roche geometry. We introduce a newly discovered eclipsing high-mass binary HD 319702 that shows well-defined eclipses favouring a detached configuration with a period of 2.0 days and an orbital inclination of 67.5?. Combining our photometric result with the primary spectral type O8 III(f) (T1 = 34 000 K) we derive a temperature of T2 = 25 200 K for the secondary component.

Barr Domínguez, A.; Chini, R.; Pozo Nuñez, F.; Haas, M.; Hackstein, M.; Lemke, R.; Murphy, M.

2013-02-01

144

Evidence for replicate 5p core levels in photoelectron spectra of Eu metal due to nonconstant kinetic-energy resonant Auger decay  

SciTech Connect

Satellites on the low-binding-energy side of core-level photoelectron emission due to extra 4f screening are a well-known feature in the x-ray photoelectron spectra of valence fluctuation materials and rare-earth metals. A notable exception is Eu metal, where up to now no low-binding-energy satellite has been observed. In this paper we show that in Eu metal the 4d-4f resonance can decay via a resonant Auger decay, which is not a constant kinetic-energy feature due to a rapid change of the strength of 4f screening with excitation energy, establishing a low-binding-energy replica of the 5p core-level photoelectron emission. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Haffner, S. [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Olson, C. G. [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Lynch, D. W. [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Ames Laboratory, U. S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

1999-12-15

145

Massive Jets from High-Mass YSOs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protostellar jets from high-mass young stellar objects (HMYSOs; M?8M) provide an excellent opportunity to understand the mechanisms responsible for high-mass star formation. However, the sample of known high-mass protostellar jets is still limited and the jet physical properties are not well known. We present our ongoing near-infrared imaging (H2, 2.12 um) and spectral (1-2.5 um) survey of jets from a sample of HMYSOs. By using H2 narrow-band imaging (Sofi/NTT, NICS/TNG), we aim at verifying the shocked nature of 120 EGOs (Extended Green Objects) detected with Spitzer (Cyganowski et al. 2008), because the EGO origin is not clear (e.g. Takami et al. 2012). Among these 120 EGOs, we indentify jets/outflows with a 44% success rate (Stecklum et al. 2009). In addition, several jets/outflows from previously unknown HMYSOs were detected in this survey (Stecklum et al. in prep.). The morphology of the H2 emission generally differs from that of the 4.5 ?m excess, suggesting different excitation conditions. Through IR low-resolution spectroscopy (Sofi/NTT, R~600) we also derive the physical properties of 16 bright massive jets (Caratti o Garatti et al. in prep.), relating them with those of their driving sources (with Lbol~10^2-10^5 Lsun). As for the low-mass jets (Caratti o Garatti et al. 2006, 2008), we derive a clear correlation between the HMYSO bolometric luminosity (Lbol) and the jet H2 luminosity (LH2), extending this relationship over 6 order of magnitudes in the Lbol range (from 0.1 to 10^5 Lsun).

Caratti o Garatti, Alessio; Stecklum, Bringfried; Linz, Hendrik; Garcia Lopez, Rebeca; Sanna, Alberto

2013-07-01

146

Search for Resonant Pair Production of Neutral Long-Lived Particles Decaying to b bmacr in p pmacr Collisions at s=1.96TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a first search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a b bmacr pair, using 3.6fb-1 of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No

V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; E. Aguilo; M. Ahsan; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; L. S. Ancu; T. Andeen; M. S. Anzelc; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; M. Arthaud; A. Askew; B. Åsman; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; J. Backusmayes; F. Badaud; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; A.-F. Barfuss; P. Bargassa; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; D. Bauer; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; A. Bellavance; J. A. Benitez; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; G. Blazey; S. Blessing; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; X. B. Bu; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdin; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; P. Calfayan; B. Calpas; S. Calvet; J. Cammin; M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga; E. Carrera; W. Carvalho; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; E. Cheu; D. K. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M. Corcoran; F. Couderc; M.-C. Cousinou; S. Crépé-Renaudin; D. Cutts; M. Cwiok; A. Das; G. Davies; K. de; S. J. de Jong; E. de La Cruz-Burelo; K. Devaughan; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; T. Dorland; A. Dubey; L. V. Dudko; L. Duflot; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; S. Dutt; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; M. Escalier; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; G. Facini; A. V. Ferapontov; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fu; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; C. F. Galea; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geist; W. Geng; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; D. Gillberg; G. Ginther; B. Gómez; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; S. Greder; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J.-F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; P. Haefner; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; I. Hall; R. E. Hall; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; J. Hays; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; J. G. Hegeman; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; I. Heredia-de La Cruz; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; T. Hoang; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; M. Hohlfeld; S. Hossain; P. Houben; Y. Hu; Z. Hubacek; N. Huske; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; K. Jakobs; D. Jamin; R. Jesik; K. Johns; C. Johnson; M. Johnson; D. Johnston; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; A. Juste; E. Kajfasz; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; V. Kaushik; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. N. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; T. J. Kim; M. H. Kirby; M. Kirsch; B. Klima; J. M. Kohli; J.-P. Konrath; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; T. Kuhl; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; V. A. Kuzmin; J. Kvita; F. Lacroix; D. Lam; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; W. M. Lee; A. Leflat; J. Lellouch; J. Li; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. K. Lim; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna-Garcia; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; P. Mättig; R. Magaña-Villalba; A. Magerkurth; P. K. Mal; H. B. Malbouisson; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; Y. Maravin; B. Martin; R. McCarthy; C. L. McGivern; M. M. Meijer; A. Melnitchouk; L. Mendoza; D. Menezes; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; K. W. Merritt; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; J. Mitrevski; N. K. Mondal; R. W. Moore; T. Moulik; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; O. Mundal; L. Mundim; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; H. Nilsen; H. Nogima; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; G. Obrant; C. Ochando; D. Onoprienko; J. Orduna; N. Oshima; N. Osman; J. Osta; R. Otec; G. J. Otero Y Garzón; M. Owen; M. Padilla; P. Padley; M. Pangilinan; N. Parashar; S.-J. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridge; N. Parua; A. Patwa; G. Pawloski; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; P. Pétroff; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M.-A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; V. M. Podstavkov; Y. Pogorelov; M.-E. Pol; P. Polozov; A. V. Popov; W. L. Prado da Silva; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; A. Rakitine; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; P. Renkel; P. Rich; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; S. Robinson; M. Rominsky; C. Royon; P. Rubinov; R. Ruchti; G. Safronov; G. Sajot; A. Sánchez-Hernández; M. P. Sanders; B. Sanghi; G. Savage; L. Sawyer; T. Scanlon; D. Schaile; R. D. Schamberger; Y. Scheglov; H. Schellman; T. Schliephake; S. Schlobohm; C. Schwanenberger; R. Schwienhorst; J. Sekaric; H. Severini

2009-01-01

147

Quiescent high mass cores in Orion region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have surveyed quiescent regions in the Orion molecular cloud for high mass cores in the submm dust continuum emission using the CSO SHARC II camera. The surveyed regions are devoid of IRAS point sources, large outflows, and masers sources and have not been severely disturbed by the young OB cluster at the center of Orion. Therefore the cores in these regions represent the prestellar or early phases of protostellar conditions. We used CLUMPFIND on the deconvolved maps at 350 microns with effective spatial resolution of about 3 arcsec and identified 47 cores. We estimated the core masses using the submm flux and angular size of each core and the gas temperatures measured by NH[3] observations by Li et al (2003). The masses of the detected cores are in the range 0.03 to 47 solar mass with the median value of 5.7 solar mass which is an order of magnitude higher than those in low mass star forming regions such as Taurus. The core mass spectrum for these quiescent cores in Orion can be fitted by a power law with an index of -0.9. This slope is flatter than that derived for the samples of cores up to thousands of solar mass, in high mass star forming regions such as NGC7538 and Orion B; but is broadly consistent with the slopes found in them when similar mass range up to 50 solar masses are considered. This slope is still significantly flatter than the stellar IMF, and those for cores in low and intermediate star forming regions, such as the Serpens and Rho Oph. The flat mass spectrum suggests significant environmental effects caused by ongoing high mass star formation in the vicinity. It is likely that environmental processes play a role in the evolution of dense cores and subsequent star formation. This work was performed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Research at the Caltech CSO is supported by NSF grant AST-0229008.

Velusamy, T.; Li, D.; Goldsmith, P. F.; Langer, W. D.

148

Ultra High Mass Range Mass Spectrometer System  

DOEpatents

Applicant's present invention comprises mass spectrometer systems that operate in a mass range from 1 to 10.sup.16 DA. The mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system comprising an aerodynamic lens system, a reverse jet being a gas flux generated in an annulus moving in a reverse direction and a multipole ion guide; a digital ion trap; and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises a quadrupole mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system having a quadrupole mass filter and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises an inlet system for use with a mass spectrometer system, a method for slowing energetic particles using an inlet system. Applicant's present invention also comprises a detector device and a method for detecting high mass charged particles.

Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

2005-12-06

149

A variety of characteristic behaviour of resonant KL23L23 Auger decays following Si K-shell photoexcitation of SiCl4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectator resonant Auger electron spectra with the Si 1s photoexcitation of SiCl4 have been measured using an electron spectroscopic technique combined with undulator radiation. The transition with the highest intensity in the total ion yield (TIY) spectrum, coming from excitation of a 1s electron into the 9t2 valence orbital, generates the resonant Auger decay in which the excited electron remains in the 9t2 orbital. A TIY peak positioned slightly above the 1s ionization threshold induces Auger decay in which the slow photoelectron is re-captured into a higher lying Rydberg orbital or the normal Auger peak shape is distorted due to a post-collision interaction effect. Another structure above the threshold, originating from a doubly excited state, yields the normal Auger peak with the distortion of peak shape and a resonant Auger peak with a higher kinetic energy. These findings provide a clear understanding of the properties of the excited orbitals which were ambiguous previously.

Suzuki, I. H.; Kono, Y.; Sakai, K.; Kimura, M.; Ueda, K.; Tamenori, Y.; Takahashi, O.; Nagaoka, S.

2013-04-01

150

Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All About Circuits is a website that âÂÂprovides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Resonance, is the sixth chapter in the Volume II textbook. Topics covered in this chapter include: electric pendulum, simple parallel resonance, simple series resonance, resonance in series-parallel circuits, and Q and bandwidth of a resonant circuit. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

2008-07-07

151

Search for Resonant Pair Production of Neutral Long-Lived Particles Decaying to b bmacr in p pmacr Collisions at s=1.96TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a first search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a b bmacr pair, using 3.6fb-1 of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No significant excess is observed above background, and upper limits are set on the production rate in a hidden-valley benchmark model for a range of Higgs boson masses and NLLP masses and lifetimes.

Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; Ancu, L. S.; Andeen, T.; Anzelc, M. S.; Aoki, M.; Arnoud, Y.; Arov, M.; Arthaud, M.; Askew, A.; Åsman, B.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; Backusmayes, J.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Barfuss, A.-F.; Bargassa, P.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bauer, D.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Bellavance, A.; Benitez, J. A.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Bolton, T. A.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Bu, X. B.; Buchholz, D.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Burnett, T. H.; Buszello, C. P.; Calfayan, P.; Calpas, B.; Calvet, S.; Cammin, J.; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M. A.; Carrera, E.; Carvalho, W.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Cheu, E.; Cho, D. K.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Christoudias, T.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Crépé-Renaudin, S.; Cutts, D.; ?wiok, M.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de, K.; de Jong, S. J.; de La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Devaughan, K.; Déliot, F.; Demarteau, M.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Dominguez, A.; Dorland, T.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duflot, L.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Eno, S.; Escalier, M.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Ferapontov, A. V.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fu, S.; Fuess, S.; Gadfort, T.; Galea, C. F.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geist, W.; Geng, W.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Gillberg, D.; Ginther, G.; Gómez, B.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Greenwood, Z. D.; Gregores, E. M.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guo, F.; Guo, J.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Haefner, P.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Hall, I.; Hall, R. E.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegeman, J. G.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-de La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Hossain, S.; Houben, P.; Hu, Y.; Hubacek, Z.; Huske, N.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jain, S.; Jakobs, K.; Jamin, D.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, C.; Johnson, M.; Johnston, D.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Juste, A.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kaushik, V.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Khatidze, D.; Kim, T. J.; Kirby, M. H.; Kirsch, M.; Klima, B.; Kohli, J. M.; Konrath, J.-P.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Kvita, J.; Lacroix, F.; Lam, D.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, W. M.; Leflat, A.; Lellouch, J.; Li, J.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lietti, S. M.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Love, P.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Mackin, D.; Mättig, P.; Magaña-Villalba, R.; Magerkurth, A.; Mal, P. K.; Malbouisson, H. B.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martin, B.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Mendoza, L.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Merritt, K. W.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Mitrevski, J.; Mondal, N. K.; Moore, R. W.; Moulik, T.; Muanza, G. S.; Mulhearn, M.; Mundal, O.; Mundim, L.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nilsen, H.; Nogima, H.; Novaes, S. F.; Nunnemann, T.; Obrant, G.; Ochando, C.; Onoprienko, D.; Orduna, J.; Oshima, N.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Otec, R.; Otero Y Garzón, G. J.; Owen, M.; Padilla, M.; Padley, P.; Pangilinan, M.; Parashar, N.; Park, S.-J.; Park, S. K.; Parsons, J.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Pawloski, G.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, K.; Peters, Y.; Pétroff, P.; Piegaia, R.; Piper, J.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Pogorelov, Y.; Pol, M.-E.; Polozov, P.; Popov, A. V.; da Silva, W. L. Prado; Protopopescu, S.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.

2009-08-01

152

Search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles decaying to bb in pp collisions at square root(S)=1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

We report on a first search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a bb pair, using 3.6 fb(-1) of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No significant excess is observed above background, and upper limits are set on the production rate in a hidden-valley benchmark model for a range of Higgs boson masses and NLLP masses and lifetimes. PMID:19792632

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Backusmayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; Devaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Escalier, M; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mitrevski, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero Y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; da Silva, W L Prado; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Siccardi, V; Simak, V

2009-08-14

153

Search for Resonant Pair Production of Neutral Long-Lived Particles Decaying to bb in pp Collisions at sq root(s)=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We report on a first search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a bb pair, using 3.6 fb{sup -1} of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No significant excess is observed above background, and upper limits are set on the production rate in a hidden-valley benchmark model for a range of Higgs boson masses and NLLP masses and lifetimes.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Jain, S.; Rominsky, M.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D.; Hall, I. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-08-14

154

The Cluster Environment of High Mass Protostars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present images and some initial results from Spitzer IRAC and MIPS observations of 49 candidate high mass protostellar objects (HMPOs) and their surrounding environments. These candidate HMPOs are objects in the lists assembled by Sridharan et al (2002) and Molinari et al (1996) that were not covered by the GLIMPSE, GLIMPSEII and MIPSGAL surveys, with a few additions. Our sample has the advantage of longer exposure times than the GLIMPSE and MIPSGAL surveys. The images were reduced and photometry was performed using IRACproc (Schuster et al 2006). Color-color and color-magnitude criteria adopted from Gutermuth et al (2009), were used to identify candidate class0/I and classII protostars around each of the HMPO candidates. We present IRAS09131-4723 as an example of this analysis. It revealed 22 class0/I and 59 classII protostars distributed around IRAS 09131-4723. We plan to search the library of models presented by Robitaille et al (2007) for each class0/I/II candidate found, and use the parameters taken from the best fitting models to test the classifications obtained from the color-color analysis. We also plan to study the clustering of low mass protostars around the HMPOs. Gutermuth, R. A., et al, 2009 ApJS, 184, 18; Molinari, S. et al 1996 A&A 308, 573; Robitaille, T. P., et al, ApJS, 169, 328; Schuster M. T., Marengo, M., Patten, B. M. 2006, SPIE, 6270, 627020; Sridharan, T. K., et al, ApJ, 566, 931

Moriarty, John C.; Smith, H. A.; Campbell, M. F.; Hora, J. L.; Marengo, M.; Sridharan, T. K.; Pillai, T.; Robitaille, T. P.; Fazio, G. G.; Molinari, S.

2010-01-01

155

An instrument for fast acquisition of fluorescence decay curves at picosecond resolution designed for ``double kinetics'' experiments: Application to fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer study of protein folding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information obtained by studying fluorescence decay of labeled biopolymers is a major resource for understanding the dynamics of their conformations and interactions. The lifetime of the excited states of probes attached to macromolecules is in the nanosecond time regime, and hence, a series of snapshot decay curves of such probes might - in principle - yield details of fast changes of ensembles of labeled molecules down to sub-microsecond time resolution. Hence, a major current challenge is the development of instruments for the low noise detection of fluorescence decay curves within the shortest possible time intervals. Here, we report the development of an instrument, picosecond double kinetics apparatus, that enables recording of multiple fluorescence decay curves with picosecond excitation pulses over wide spectral range during microsecond data collection for each curve. The design is based on recording and averaging multiphoton pulses of fluorescence decay using a fast 13 GHz oscilloscope during microsecond time intervals at selected time points over the course of a chemical reaction or conformational transition. We tested this instrument in a double kinetics experiment using reference probes (N-acetyl-tryptophanamide). Very low stochastic noise level was attained, and reliable multi-parameter analysis such as derivation of distance distributions from time resolved FRET (fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer) measurements was achieved. The advantage of the pulse recording and averaging approach used here relative to double kinetics methods based on the established time correlated single photon counting method, is that in the pulse recording approach, averaging of substantially fewer kinetic experiments is sufficient for obtaining the data. This results in a major reduction in the consumption of labeled samples, which in many cases, enables the performance of important experiments that were not previously feasible.

Ishay, Eldad Ben; Hazan, Gershon; Rahamim, Gil; Amir, Dan; Haas, Elisha

2012-08-01

156

An instrument for fast acquisition of fluorescence decay curves at picosecond resolution designed for "double kinetics" experiments: application to fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer study of protein folding.  

PubMed

The information obtained by studying fluorescence decay of labeled biopolymers is a major resource for understanding the dynamics of their conformations and interactions. The lifetime of the excited states of probes attached to macromolecules is in the nanosecond time regime, and hence, a series of snapshot decay curves of such probes might - in principle - yield details of fast changes of ensembles of labeled molecules down to sub-microsecond time resolution. Hence, a major current challenge is the development of instruments for the low noise detection of fluorescence decay curves within the shortest possible time intervals. Here, we report the development of an instrument, picosecond double kinetics apparatus, that enables recording of multiple fluorescence decay curves with picosecond excitation pulses over wide spectral range during microsecond data collection for each curve. The design is based on recording and averaging multiphoton pulses of fluorescence decay using a fast 13 GHz oscilloscope during microsecond time intervals at selected time points over the course of a chemical reaction or conformational transition. We tested this instrument in a double kinetics experiment using reference probes (N-acetyl-tryptophanamide). Very low stochastic noise level was attained, and reliable multi-parameter analysis such as derivation of distance distributions from time resolved FRET (fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer) measurements was achieved. The advantage of the pulse recording and averaging approach used here relative to double kinetics methods based on the established time correlated single photon counting method, is that in the pulse recording approach, averaging of substantially fewer kinetic experiments is sufficient for obtaining the data. This results in a major reduction in the consumption of labeled samples, which in many cases, enables the performance of important experiments that were not previously feasible. PMID:22938314

Ishay, Eldad Ben; Hazan, Gershon; Rahamim, Gil; Amir, Dan; Haas, Elisha

2012-08-01

157

Projection of Si 1s photoexcited orbitals into resonant Auger electron spectra in KLL decays of Si(CH3)4 and SiF4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectator resonant KL23L23 Auger electron spectra have been measured in the Si 1s photoexcitation region of Si(CH3)4 using monochromatized undulator radiation combined with a hemispherical electron spectrometer. The broad peak with high intensity in a total ion yield spectrum, coming mainly from excitation of a 1s electron into the 6t2 vacant orbital, induces a spectator Auger decay in which the excited electron remains in its excited orbital. The component on the higher energy side of this peak through 1s excitation into a Rydberg orbital produces resonant Auger decays in which the excited Rydberg electron moves into a slightly higher Rydberg orbital, or is partly shaken up to a significantly higher Rydberg orbital. These findings of Si(CH3)4 indicate a clear contrast to those for SiF4, in which the 1s excitation into a Rydberg orbital induces a shake-down phenomenon as well as a shake-up one. The results of these molecules exhibit a clear splitting effect among excited orbitals which are smeared out by overlapping due to lifetime widths and due to densely populated levels in the 1s electron excitation spectrum. This is consistent with the calculation on photoexcitation within the framework of density functional theory.

Suzuki, I. H.; Kono, Y.; Ikeda, A.; Ouchi, T.; Ueda, K.; Takahashi, O.; Higuchi, I.; Tamenori, Y.; Nagaoka, S.

2011-02-01

158

Decay mechanisms of the 4d core hole through the 4d-4f resonance in dysprosium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft x-ray emission through the 4d-4f resonance of Dy2O3 is studied with monochromatic photon excitation. The different soft x-ray emission processes are compared and it is found that inelastic scattering due to 4f inner-shell excitation and resonant elastic scattering are the strongest emission processes followed by inelastic scattering due to 5p-4f net transitions. The nonresonant emission occurring for excitation energies above the 4d-4f resonance is an extremely weak process. The measurements are in good agreement with our calculations.

Moewes, A.; Grush, M. M.; Callcott, T. A.; Ederer, D. L.

1999-12-01

159

Search for resonant production of top antitop pairs decaying into multi-jets at the collider detector at Fermilab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We performed a search for "non-standard model t t resonances in the all jets final state channel." The main goal was to examine top-antitop invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The data analysis used 2.8fb -1 of CDF data; events were produced at the Tevatron collider in pp collisions with center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. 2086 data events were analyzed and compared to Standard Model expectation. No evidence for new tt resonant production mechanisms was found. Upper limits were placed on the cross-section times branching ratio for resonance production at 805 GeV/c2. For signal modeling we considered leptophobic Z' boson in a topcolor-assisted technicolor model with the width of Gamma = 1.2%MX0.

Oksuzian, Yuri

160

Search for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV using the D0 detector  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider using the D0 detector. No indication for such a resonance was found in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 370 pb{sup -1}. We set upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for heavy resonance production at the 95% C.L. as a function of the resonance mass and width. The limits are interpreted within the framework of a specific model of excited quark production.

Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Rio de Janeiro State U. /Sao Paulo, IFT /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U. /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /Hefei, CUST /Andes U., Bogota

2006-06-01

161

Search for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in pp¯ collisions at s=1.96TeV using the D0 detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have searched for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in pp¯ collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider using the D0 detector. No indication for such a resonance was found in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 370pb-1. We set upper limits on the cross section

V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; M. Agelou; J.-L. Agram; S. H. Ahn; M. Ahsan; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; M. Anastasoaie; T. Andeen; S. Anderson; B. Andrieu; M. S. Anzelc; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; A. Askew; B. Åsman; A. C. S. Assis Jesus; O. Atramentov; C. Autermann; C. Avila; C. Ay; F. Badaud; A. Baden; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; P. Banerjee; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; P. Bargassa; P. Baringer; C. Barnes; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; D. Bauer; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; A. Bellavance; J. A. Benitez; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; L. Berntzon; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; M. Binder; C. Biscarat; K. M. Black; I. Blackler; G. Blazey; F. Blekman; S. Blessing; D. Bloch; K. Bloom; U. Blumenschein; A. Boehnlein; O. Boeriu; T. A. Bolton; F. Borcherding; G. Borissov; K. Bos; T. Bose; A. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; N. J. Buchanan; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; S. Burdin; S. Burke; T. H. Burnett; E. Busato; C. P. Buszello; J. M. Butler; P. Calfayan; S. Calvet; J. Cammin; S. Caron; W. Carvalho; B. C. K. Casey; N. M. Cason; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; D. Chapin; F. Charles; E. Cheu; F. Chevallier; D. K. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; L. Christofek; D. Claes; B. Clément; C. Clément; Y. Coadou; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; D. Coppage; M. Corcoran; M.-C. Cousinou; B. Cox; S. Crépé-Renaudin; D. Cutts; M. Cwiok; H. da Motta; A. Das; M. Das; B. Davies; G. Davies; G. A. Davis; K. de; P. de Jong; S. J. de Jong; E. De La Cruz-Burelo; C. De Oliveira Martins; J. D. Degenhardt; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; R. Demina; P. Demine; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; M. Doidge; A. Dominguez; H. Dong; L. V. Dudko; L. Duflot; S. R. Dugad; A. Duperrin; J. Dyer; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; T. Edwards; J. Ellison; J. Elmsheuser; V. D. Elvira; S. Eno; P. Ermolov; J. Estrada; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; S. N. Fatakia; L. Feligioni; A. V. Ferapontov; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; I. Fleck; M. Ford; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fu; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; C. F. Galea; E. Gallas; E. Galyaev; C. Garcia; A. Garcia-Bellido; J. Gardner; V. Gavrilov; A. Gay; P. Gay; D. Gelé; R. Gelhaus; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; D. Gillberg; G. Ginther; N. Gollub; B. Gómez; K. Gounder; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J.-F. Grivaz; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; N. J. Hadley; P. Haefner; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; I. Hall; R. E. Hall; L. Han; K. Hanagaki; K. Harder; A. Harel; R. Harrington; J. M. Hauptman; R. Hauser; J. Hays; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; J. G. Hegeman; J. M. Heinmiller; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; H. Hoeth; M. Hohlfeld; S. J. Hong; R. Hooper; P. Houben; Y. Hu; Z. Hubacek; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; K. Jakobs; C. Jarvis; A. Jenkins; R. Jesik; K. Johns; C. Johnson; M. Johnson; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; A. Juste; D. Käfer; S. Kahn; E. Kajfasz; A. M. Kalinin; J. M. Kalk; J. R. Kalk; S. Kappler; D. Karmanov; J. Kasper; P. Kasper; I. Katsanos; D. Kau; R. Kaur; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; S. Kesisoglou; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. M. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; H. Kim; T. J. Kim; M. H. Kirby; B. Klima; J. M. Kohli; J.-P. Konrath; M. Kopal; V. M. Korablev; J. Kotcher; B. Kothari; A. Koubarovsky; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kozminski; A. Kryemadhi; S. Krzywdzinski; T. Kuhl; A. Kumar; S. Kunori; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; J. Kvita; S. Lager; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; J. Lazoflores; A.-C. Le Bihan; P. Lebrun; W. M. Lee; A. Leflat; F. Lehner; V. Lesne; J. Leveque; P. Lewis; J. Li; Q. Z. Li; J. G. R. Lima; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Z. Liu; L. Lobo; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; A. Lounis; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; M. Lynker; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; R. J. Madaras; P. Mättig; C. Magass; A. Magerkurth; A.-M. Magnan; N. Makovec; P. K. Mal; H. B. Malbouisson; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; H. S. Mao; Y. Maravin; M. Martens; S. E. K. Mattingly; R. McCarthy; R. McCroskey; D. Meder; A. Melnitchouk; A. Mendes; L. Mendoza; M. Merkin; K. W. Merritt; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; M. Michaut; H. Miettinen; T. Millet; J. Mitrevski; J. Molina; N. K. Mondal; J. Monk; R. W. Moore; T. Moulik; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulders; M. Mulhearn; L. Mundim; Y. D. Mutaf; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; N. A. Naumann; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; S. Nelson; P. Neustroev; C. Noeding; A. Nomerotski; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; V. O'Dell; D. C. O'Neil; G. Obrant; V. Oguri; N. Oliveira; N. Oshima; R. Otec

2006-01-01

162

First observation and measurement of the resonant structure of the lambda_b->lambda_c pi-pi+pi- decay mode  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the first observation of the {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decay using data from an integrated luminosity of approximately 2.4 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. They also present the first observation of the resonant decays {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sub c}(2455){sup 0} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sub c}(2455){sup ++}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}(2595){sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}(2625){sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, and measure their relative branching ratios.

Azzurri, P.; Barria, P.; Ciocci, M.A.; Donati, S.; Vataga, E.

2009-12-01

163

In vivo electron spin resonance assessment of decay constant of nitroxyl radical in selenium-deficient rat.  

PubMed

In vivo reducing capacity and cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in liver homogenate were evaluated in 6 weeks old Se-deficient and normal rats. GSH-Px was significantly lower in Se-deficient rats than in normal rats. In vivo reducing capacity in head and liver parts, estimated from in vivo signal decay of a nitroxyl spin probe using a low frequency (300 MHz) ESR spectrometer, was significantly decreased in Se-deficient rats, suggesting a decrease of antioxidant capacity in Se-deficient rats. PMID:10823680

Matsumoto, K; Endo, K; Utsumi, H

2000-05-01

164

Studies of Simultaneous Three-electron Decay and of Triply Excited Resonances in K-shell Photodetachment of He^-  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous core-photodetachment studies of He^- showed a strong discrepancy with accepted theory [1], attracting considerable additional theoretical interest. These new theoretical studies include ab initio calculations of triply-excited quartet states and the 2s2p^2 ^4P state of He^-, located just below the 1s threshold [2,3]. Measured positions, widths, and strengths of these resonances provide a sensitive test for these new calculations.

R. C. Bilodeau; G. Turri; N. Berrah; G. D. Ackerman; A. Aguilar; J. D. Bozek

2003-01-01

165

Innovative Energy Absorbing Mounting Systems for High Mass Rotorcraft Payloads.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents recent developments on two innovative types of crashworthy cargo restraints for high mass rotorcraft payloads: textile-based devices and flexible matrix composite devices. Each type of device employs energy dissipation mechanisms to ar...

C. Tiwari C. E. Bakis E. C. Smith M. J. Hagon W. Kong

2008-01-01

166

High-mass star-formation rates in M33  

Microsoft Academic Search

The H I, CO, and H-alpha data for M33 are analyzed to obtain high-mass star formation rates and efficiencies and to look for variations in these quantities within the inner disk of M33. Star formation rates and efficiencies are calculated using calibrated H-alpha data. The H-alpha emission in this region of the galaxy corresponds to high-mass and total star-formation rates

Christine D. Wilson; Nick Scoville; Walter Rice

1991-01-01

167

Neutral B Meson Decays to rho(0) K*(0), f(0)K*(0), and K*+ Including Higher K* Resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory collected a sample of (471.0 +/- 2.8) x 106 BB¯ pairs during its operation from 1999--2008. The study of the branching fractions and angular distributions of B meson decays to hadronic final states without a charm quark probes the dynamics of both the weak and strong interactions, and plays an important role both in understanding CP violation in the quark sector and in searching for evidence for physics beyond the standard model. We present branching fraction measurements for the decays B0 ? rho0K* 0, B0 ? f 0K*0, and B 0 ? rho-K*+, where K* is a Kp* 0 or K*(892); we also measure B 0 ? f0 K*2 (1430)0. For the K*(892) channels, we report longitudinal polarizations (for rho final states) and direct CP-violation asymmetries. We observe rho 0K*(892)0, rho0 Kp*0 0 , f0K*(892)0, and rho-K*(892)+ with greater than 5sigma significance, including systematics; f 0K*(892)0, rho- K*(892)+, and rho0 Kp*0 0 are observed here for the first time. We present first evidence for f0 Kp*0 0 with 3.0sigma and f0 K*2 (1430)0 with 4.4sigma significance. We place an upper limit on rho- Kp*+ 0 . We find results consistent with no direct CP violation.

Lee-Boehm, Corry Louise

168

Creation of entangled photons by two level atom trapped in one-dimensional nanocavity with weakly decaying resonance mode  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The entangled photons components are found to be created in the lossless nanocavity with resonance mode. The smallness of ? ( 0 <= ?<< g- coupling constant for electro-dipolar interaction) was revealed playing the crucial part in their production. It's known that ? determines limits (?c +/- ?) of photon frequency deflection from the mode frequency ?c, when photon passes through empty cavity. When ? = 0 and ?a=?c , the Hamiltonian is time independent and has two eigenstates with eigenvalies (?a +/- g). Each state is superposition of the upper and lower atomic states, taken with signs plus and minus respectively. These states are stationary and form a time-depended superposition. Matrix elements of the interaction Hamiltonian, taken between that superposition and atomic unperturbed states, contain two anti-phases components of entangled photons. Since ? = 0, their emission out of cavity is forbidden so they interfere, producing beatings of the resonance mode by sin (g•t). When 0 < ?<< g those beatings become quasi-stationary, and with probability proportional to ?/4g they go out through the partly transparent mirror and disintegrate into two photons, each of them taking its own spectral place outside the cavity. This process is illustrated by 3D-plots in the (?, t)-space.

Cheltsov, Vladislav

2013-05-01

169

B0 meson decays to ?0K*0, f0K*0, and ?-K*+, including higher K* resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present branching fraction measurements for the decays B0??0K*0, B0?f0K*0, and B0??-K*+, where K* is an S-wave (K?)0* or a K*(892) meson; we also measure B0?f0K2*(1430)0. For the K*(892) channels, we report measurements of longitudinal polarization fractions (for ? final states) and direct CP violation asymmetries. These results are obtained from a sample of (471.0±2.8)×106 BB¯ pairs collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We observe ?0K*(892)0, ?0(K?)0*0, f0K*(892)0, and ?-K*(892)+ with greater than 5? significance, including systematics. We report first evidence for f0(K?)0*0 and f0K2*(1430)0, and place an upper limit on ?-(K?)0*+. Our results in the K*(892) channels are consistent with no direct CP violation.

Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Milanes, D. A.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Khan, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Yushkov, A. N.; Bondioli, M.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Campagnari, C.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C. A.; Eisner, A. M.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Rakitin, A. Y.; Andreassen, R.; Dubrovin, M. S.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Spaan, B.; Kobel, M. J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Nicolaci, M.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Lee, C. L.; Morii, M.; Edwards, A. J.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Ebert, M.; Lacker, H. M.; Lueck, T.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Chavez, C. A.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Prencipe, E.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; Cenci, R.; Hamilton, B.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Lindemann, D.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Nguyen, X.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; LoSecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Torrence, E.; Feltresi, E.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Pacetti, S.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Perez, A.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M. A.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Grünberg, O.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Schröder, H.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Yèche, Ch.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Field, R. C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gabareen, A. M.; Graham, M. T.; Grenier, P.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kim, H.; Kim, P.; Kocian, M. L.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Lewis, P.; Li, S.; Lindquist, B.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; Lynch, H. L.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Nelson, S.; Ofte, I.; Perl, M.; Pulliam, T.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Salnikov, A. A.; Santoro, V.; Schindler, R. H.; Snyder, A.; Su, D.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va'vra, J.; Wagner, A. P.; Weaver, M.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Wittgen, M.; Wright, D. H.; Wulsin, H. W.; Yarritu, A. K.; Young, C. C.; Ziegler, V.; Park, W.; Purohit, M. V.; White, R. M.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Benitez, J. F.; Burchat, P. R.; Miyashita, T. S.; Alam, M. S.

2012-04-01

170

Coulombic and radiative decay rates of the resonances of the exotic molecular ions pp{mu}, pp{pi}, dd{mu}, dd{pi}, and dt{mu}  

SciTech Connect

The bound levels and the resonances (energy and width of the excited levels) of pp{mu}-like exotic molecules for J=0 total angular momentum have been computed with an accuracy in the 10{sup -11} a.u. range, by numerical diagonalization of the complex rotated Hamiltonian in a variational sturmian basis set. For the resonances below the N=2 dissociation threshold, the x-ray spontaneous emission spectrum is computed from the wave functions. The radiative decay rate of the first resonance of pp{mu} is found to be 0.0713 ps{sup -1}, close to half that of a p{mu}(2p) atom, as expected in a simple Born-Oppenheimer picture of a resonance.

Kilic, Senem; Karr, Jean-Philippe; Hilico, Laurent [Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie T12, Case 74, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Departement de Physique et Modelisation, Universite d'Evry Val d'Essonne, Boulevard F. Mitterrand, 91025 Evry cedex (France)

2004-10-01

171

Measured hot-electron intensity thresholds quantified by a two-plasmon-decay resonant common-wave gain in various experimental configurations  

SciTech Connect

The fraction of laser energy converted into hot electrons by the two-plasmon-decay instability is found to have different overlapped intensity thresholds for various configurations on the Omega Laser Facility [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997); J. H. Kelly et al., J. Phys. IV 133, 75 (2006)]. A factor-of-2 difference in the overlapped intensity threshold is observed between two- and four-beam configurations. The overlapped intensity threshold increases by a factor of 2 between the 4- and 18-beam configurations and by a factor of 3 between the 4- and 60-beam configurations. This is explained by a linear common-wave model where multiple laser beams drive a common electron-plasma wave in a wavevector region that bisects the laser beams (resonant common-wave region in k-space). These experimental results indicate that the hot-electron threshold depends on the hydrodynamic parameters at the quarter-critical density surface, the configuration of the laser beams, and the sum of the intensity of the beams that share the same angle with the common-wave vector.

Michel, D. T.; Maximov, A. V.; Short, R. W.; Delettrez, J. A.; Edgell, D.; Hu, S. X.; Igumenshchev, I. V.; Myatt, J. F.; Solodov, A. A.; Stoeckl, C.; Yaakobi, B.; Froula, D. H. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14636 (United States)] [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14636 (United States)

2013-05-15

172

High Mass Flux Coal Gasifier: Phase I, Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Primary objectives of Phase I of the High Mass Flux (HMF) gasifier program were to determine the feasibility of using a rocket type reactor to produce low BTU gas from air/coal combinations and to evaluate the reactor operating characteristics. The design...

A. J. Simpkin K. Berman L. N. Montanino T. F. Reinhardt

1977-01-01

173

Search for WW and WZ resonances decaying to electron, missing E(T), and two jets in pp collisions at square root(s) = 1.96??TeV.  

PubMed

Using data from 2.9??fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, we search for resonances decaying into a pair of on-shell gauge bosons, WW or WZ, where one W decays into an electron and a neutrino, and the other boson decays into two jets. We observed no statistically significant excess above the expected standard model background, and we set cross section limits at 95% confidence level on G* (Randall-Sundrum graviton), Z', and W' bosons. By comparing these limits to theoretical cross sections, mass exclusion regions for the three particles are derived. The mass exclusion regions for Z' and W' are further evaluated as a function of their gauge coupling strength. PMID:20867293

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Appel, J; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asaadi, J; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Camarda, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Corbo, M; Cordelli, M; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; d'Ascenzo, N; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; d'Errico, M; Di Canto, A; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Ershaidat, N; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Garosi, P; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harr, R F; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heinrich, J; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Hughes, R E; Hurwitz, M; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Ketchum, W; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, J S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-J; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lys, J; Lysak, R; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Mastrandrea, P; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Mietlicki, D; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Mondragon, M N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlock, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Osterberg, K; Pagan Griso, S; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramanov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Peiffer, T; Pellett, D E; Penzo, A; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Pianori, E; Pinera, L; Pitts, K; Plager, C

2010-06-18

174

Contribution of low-lying vector resonances to polarization observables in B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}K{sup *0}e{sup +}e{sup -} decay  

SciTech Connect

The branching ratio and other observables for the rare flavor-changing neutral current decay B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}K{sup *0}({yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +})e{sup +}e{sup -} are studied below the cc threshold. The total amplitude for this decay includes the term coming from the standard model effective Hamiltonian and the term generated by the processes B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}K{sup *0}({yields}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +})V with intermediate low-lying vector resonances V={rho}(770), {omega}(782), {phi}(1020) decaying into the e{sup +}e{sup -} pair. The resonance contribution to the branching ratio, polarization fractions of the K{sup *} meson, and coefficients in the angular distribution is calculated. The influence of the resonances on the integrated observables in the region of electron-positron invariant mass up to 1 GeV is studied in view of the planned measurements of the photon polarization at the LHCb.

Korchin, Alexander Yu.; Kovalchuk, Vladimir A. [NSC Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, 61108 Kharkov (Ukraine)

2010-08-01

175

Search for Dilepton Resonances in pp Collisions at s=7TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at s=7TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21)fb-1 in the e+e- (?+?-) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z' resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z' boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/M¯Pl=0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV.

Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdesselam, A.; Abdinov, O.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Aderholz, M.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Akiyama, A.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Aliyev, M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amaral, P.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amorim, A.; Amorós, G.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M.-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Archambault, J. P.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J.-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Astvatsatourov, A.; Atoian, G.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Austin, N.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Ay, C.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Bachy, G.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barashkou, A.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, D.; Bartsch, V.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beare, B.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Ben Ami, S.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Benchouk, C.; Bendel, M.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernardet, K.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertin, A.; Bertinelli, F.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bitenc, U.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Böser, S.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bona, M.; Bondarenko, V. G.; Bondioli, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Boorman, G.; Booth, C. N.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borroni, S.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Botterill, D.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozhko, N. I.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Braem, A.; Branchini, P.; Brandenburg, G. W.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Breton, D.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Brodet, E.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.; Buanes, T.; Bucci, F.; Buchanan, J.; Buchanan, N. J.; Buchholz, P.

2011-12-01

176

Search for dilepton resonances in pp collisions at ?s=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector.  

PubMed

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21)??fb(-1) in the e(+)e(-) (?(+)?(-)) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z' resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z' boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/M(Pl)=0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV. PMID:22243306

Aad, G; Abbott, B; Abdallah, J; Abdelalim, A A; Abdesselam, A; Abdinov, O; Abi, B; Abolins, M; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Acerbi, E; Acharya, B S; Adams, D L; Addy, T N; Adelman, J; Aderholz, M; Adomeit, S; Adragna, P; Adye, T; Aefsky, S; Aguilar-Saavedra, J A; Aharrouche, M; Ahlen, S P; Ahles, F; Ahmad, A; Ahsan, M; Aielli, G; Akdogan, T; Akesson, T P A; Akimoto, G; Akimov, A V; Akiyama, A; Alam, M S; Alam, M A; Albert, J; Albrand, S; Aleksa, M; Aleksandrov, I N; Alessandria, F; Alexa, C; Alexander, G; Alexandre, G; Alexopoulos, T; Alhroob, M; Aliev, M; Alimonti, G; Alison, J; Aliyev, M; Allport, P P; Allwood-Spiers, S E; Almond, J; Aloisio, A; Alon, R; Alonso, A; Alviggi, M G; Amako, K; Amaral, P; Amelung, C; Ammosov, V V; Amorim, A; Amorós, G; Amram, N; Anastopoulos, C; Ancu, L S; Andari, N; Andeen, T; Anders, C F; Anders, G; Anderson, K J; Andreazza, A; Andrei, V; Andrieux, M-L; Anduaga, X S; Angerami, A; Anghinolfi, F; Anjos, N; Annovi, A; Antonaki, A; Antonelli, M; Antonov, A; Antos, J; Anulli, F; Aoun, S; Aperio Bella, L; Apolle, R; Arabidze, G; Aracena, I; Arai, Y; Arce, A T H; Archambault, J P; Arfaoui, S; Arguin, J-F; Arik, E; Arik, M; Armbruster, A J; Arnaez, O; Arnault, C; Artamonov, A; Artoni, G; Arutinov, D; Asai, S; Asfandiyarov, R; Ask, S; Asman, B; Asquith, L; Assamagan, K; Astbury, A; Astvatsatourov, A; Atoian, G; Aubert, B; Auge, E; Augsten, K; Aurousseau, M; Austin, N; Avolio, G; Avramidou, R; Axen, D; Ay, C; Azuelos, G; Azuma, Y; Baak, M A; Baccaglioni, G; Bacci, C; Bach, A M; Bachacou, H; Bachas, K; Bachy, G; Backes, M; Backhaus, M; Badescu, E; Bagnaia, P; Bahinipati, S; Bai, Y; Bailey, D C; Bain, T; Baines, J T; Baker, O K; Baker, M D; Baker, S; Banas, E; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, Sw; Banfi, D; Bangert, A; Bansal, V; Bansil, H S; Barak, L; Baranov, S P; Barashkou, A; Barbaro Galtieri, A; Barber, T; Barberio, E L; Barberis, D; Barbero, M; Bardin, D Y; Barillari, T; Barisonzi, M; Barklow, T; Barlow, N; Barnett, B M; Barnett, R M; Baroncelli, A; Barone, G; Barr, A J; Barreiro, F; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J; Barrillon, P; Bartoldus, R; Barton, A E; Bartsch, D; Bartsch, V; Bates, R L; Batkova, L; Batley, J R; Battaglia, A; Battistin, M; Battistoni, G; Bauer, F; Bawa, H S; Beare, B; Beau, T; Beauchemin, P H; Beccherle, R; Bechtle, P; Beck, H P; Beckingham, M; Becks, K H; Beddall, A J; Beddall, A; Bedikian, S; Bednyakov, V A; Bee, C P; Begel, M; Behar Harpaz, S; Behera, P K; Beimforde, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bell, P J; Bell, W H; Bella, G; Bellagamba, L; Bellina, F; Bellomo, M; Belloni, A; Beloborodova, O; Belotskiy, K; Beltramello, O; Ben Ami, S; Benary, O; Benchekroun, D; Benchouk, C; Bendel, M; Benekos, N; Benhammou, Y; Benjamin, D P; Benoit, M; Bensinger, J R; Benslama, K; Bentvelsen, S; Berge, D; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E; Berger, N; Berghaus, F; Berglund, E; Beringer, J; Bernardet, K; Bernat, P; Bernhard, R; Bernius, C; Berry, T; Bertin, A; Bertinelli, F; Bertolucci, F; Besana, M I; Besson, N; Bethke, S; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, R M; Bianco, M; Biebel, O; Bieniek, S P; Bierwagen, K; Biesiada, J; Biglietti, M; Bilokon, H; Bindi, M; Binet, S; Bingul, A; Bini, C; Biscarat, C; Bitenc, U; Black, K M; Blair, R E; Blanchard, J-B; Blanchot, G; Blazek, T; Blocker, C; Blocki, J; Blondel, A; Blum, W; Blumenschein, U; Bobbink, G J; Bobrovnikov, V B; Bocchetta, S S; Bocci, A; Boddy, C R; Boehler, M; Boek, J; Boelaert, N; Böser, S; Bogaerts, J A; Bogdanchikov, A; Bogouch, A; Bohm, C; Boisvert, V; Bold, T; Boldea, V; Bolnet, N M; Bona, M; Bondarenko, V G; Bondioli, M; Boonekamp, M; Boorman, G; Booth, C N; Bordoni, S; Borer, C; Borisov, A; Borissov, G; Borjanovic, I; Borroni, S; Bos, K; Boscherini, D; Bosman, M; Boterenbrood, H; Botterill, D; Bouchami, J; Boudreau, J; Bouhova-Thacker, E V; Bourdarios, C; Bousson, N; Boveia, A; Boyd, J; Boyko, I R; Bozhko, N I; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I; Bracinik, J; Braem, A; Branchini, P; Brandenburg, G W; Brandt, A; Brandt, G; Brandt, O; Bratzler, U; Brau, B; Brau, J E; Braun, H M; Brelier, B; Bremer, J; Brenner, R; Bressler, S; Breton, D; Britton, D; Brochu, F M; Brock, I; Brock, R; Brodbeck, T J; Brodet, E; Broggi, F; Bromberg, C; Brooijmans, G; Brooks, W K; Brown, G; Brown, H; Bruckman de Renstrom, P A; Bruncko, D; Bruneliere, R; Brunet, S; Bruni, A; Bruni, G; Bruschi, M; Buanes, T; Bucci, F; Buchanan, J; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, P; Buckingham, R M; Buckley, A G; Buda, S I; Budagov, I A; Budick, B; Büscher, V; Bugge, L; Buira-Clark, D; Bulekov, O; Bunse, M; Buran, T; Burckhart, H; Burdin, S; Burgess, T; Burke, S; Busato, E; Bussey, P; Buszello, C P; Butin, F; Butler, B; Butler, J M; Buttar, C M; Butterworth, J M; Buttinger, W; Byatt, T; Cabrera Urbán, S; Caforio, D; Cakir, O; Calafiura, P; Calderini, G; Calfayan, P; Calkins, R; Caloba, L P; Caloi, R; Calvet, D; Calvet, S; Camacho Toro, R; Camarri, P; Cambiaghi, M; Cameron, D; Campana, S

2011-12-30

177

Suppressed Charmed B Decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis describes the measurement of the branching fractions of the suppressed charmed B° D{sup (*)-} a{sup +} decays and the non-resonant B° D{sup (*)-} {sup +} decays in approximately 230 million (4S) B{bar B} events. The data have been collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in California. Theoretical predictions

Hella Leonie Snoek

2011-01-01

178

A search for $t\\\\bar{t}$ resonances in lepton+jets events with highly boosted top quarks collected in $pp$ collisions at $\\\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for resonant production of high-mass top-quark pairs is performed on 2.05 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\\\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV collected in 2011 with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. This analysis of the lepton+jets final state is specifically designed for the particular topology that arises from the decay of highly boosted top quarks. The observed

Georges Aad; Tatevik Abajyan; Brad Abbott; Jalal Abdallah; Samah Abdel Khalek; Ahmed Ali Abdelalim; Ovsat Abdinov; Rosemarie Aben; Babak Abi; Maris Abolins; Ossama AbouZeid; Halina Abramowicz; Henso Abreu; Emilio Acerbi; Bobby Samir Acharya; Leszek Adamczyk; David Adams; Tetteh Addy; Jahred Adelman; Stefanie Adomeit; Paolo Adragna; Tim Adye; Scott Aefsky; Juan Antonio Aguilar-Saavedra; Marco Agustoni; Mohamed Aharrouche; Steven Ahlen; Florian Ahles; Ashfaq Ahmad; Mahsana Ahsan; Giulio Aielli; Taylan Akdogan; Torsten Paul Ake ?kesson; Ginga Akimoto; Andrei Akimov; Mohammad Alam; Muhammad Aftab Alam; Justin Albert; Solveig Albrand; Martin Aleksa; Igor Aleksandrov; Franco Alessandria; Calin Alexa; Gideon Alexander; Gauthier Alexandre; Theodoros Alexopoulos; Muhammad Alhroob; Malik Aliev; Gianluca Alimonti; John Alison; Benedict Allbrooke; Phillip Allport; Sarah Allwood-Spiers; John Almond; Alberto Aloisio; Raz Alon; Alejandro Alonso; Francisco Alonso; Barbara Alvarez Gonzalez; Mariagrazia Alviggi; Katsuya Amako; Christoph Amelung; Vladimir Ammosov; Antonio Amorim; Nir Amram; Christos Anastopoulos; Lucian Stefan Ancu; Nansi Andari; Timothy Andeen; Christoph Falk Anders; Gabriel Anders; Kelby Anderson; Attilio Andreazza; George Victor Andrei; Xabier Anduaga; Philipp Anger; Aaron Angerami; Francis Anghinolfi; Alexey Anisenkov; Nuno Anjos; Alberto Annovi; Ariadni Antonaki; Mario Antonelli; Alexey Antonov; Jaroslav Antos; Fabio Anulli; Masato Aoki; Sahar Aoun; Ludovica Aperio Bella; Rudi Apolle; Giorgi Arabidze; Ignacio Aracena; Yasuo Arai; Ayana Arce; Samir Arfaoui; Jean-Francois Arguin; Engin Arik; Metin Arik; Aaron James Armbruster; Olivier Arnaez; Vanessa Arnal; Christian Arnault; Andrei Artamonov; Giacomo Artoni; David Arutinov; Shoji Asai; Ruslan Asfandiyarov; Stefan Ask; Barbro ?sman; Lily Asquith; Ketevi Assamagan; Alan Astbury; Bernard Aubert; Etienne Auge; Kamil Augsten; Mathieu Aurousseau; Giuseppe Avolio; Rachel Maria Avramidou; David Axen; Georges Azuelos; Yuya Azuma; Max Baak; Giuseppe Baccaglioni; Cesare Bacci; Andre Bach; Henri Bachacou; Konstantinos Bachas; Moritz Backes; Malte Backhaus; Elisabeta Badescu; Paolo Bagnaia; Seema Bahinipati; Yu Bai; David Bailey; Travis Bain; John Baines; Oliver Keith Baker; Mark Baker; Sarah Baker; Elzbieta Banas; Piyali Banerjee; Swagato Banerjee; Danilo Banfi; Andrea Michelle Bangert; Vikas Bansal; Hardeep Singh Bansil; Liron Barak; Sergei Baranov; Angela Barbaro Galtieri; Tom Barber; Elisabetta Luigia Barberio; Dario Barberis; Marlon Barbero; Dmitri Bardin; Teresa Barillari; Marcello Barisonzi; Timothy Barklow; Nick Barlow; Bruce Barnett; Michael Barnett; Antonio Baroncelli; Gaetano Barone; Alan Barr; Fernando Barreiro; João Barreiro Guimarães da Costa; Pierre Barrillon; Rainer Bartoldus; Adam Edward Barton; Valeria Bartsch; Richard Bates; Lucia Batkova; Richard Batley; Andreas Battaglia; Michele Battistin; Florian Bauer; Harinder Singh Bawa; Steven Beale; Tristan Beau; Pierre-Hugues Beauchemin; Roberto Beccherle; Philip Bechtle; Hans Peter Beck; Anne Kathrin Becker; Sebastian Becker; Matthew Beckingham; Karl-Heinz Becks; Andrew Beddall; Ayda Beddall; Sourpouhi Bedikian; Vadim Bednyakov; Christopher Bee; Lars Beemster; Michael Begel; Silvia Behar Harpaz; Michael Beimforde; Camille Belanger-Champagne; Paul Bell; William Bell; Gideon Bella; Lorenzo Bellagamba; Francesco Bellina; Massimiliano Bellomo; Alberto Belloni; Olga Beloborodova; Konstantin Belotskiy; Olga Beltramello; Odette Benary; Driss Benchekroun; Katarina Bendtz; Nektarios Benekos; Yan Benhammou; Eleonora Benhar Noccioli; Jorge-Armando Benitez Garcia; Douglas Benjamin; Mathieu Benoit; James Bensinger; Kamal Benslama; Stan Bentvelsen; David Berge; Elin Bergeaas Kuutmann; Nicolas Berger; Frank Berghaus; Elina Berglund; Jürg Beringer; Pauline Bernat; Ralf Bernhard; Catrin Bernius; Tracey Berry; Claudia Bertella; Antonio Bertin; Federico Bertolucci; Maria Ilaria Besana; Geert-Jan Besjes; Nathalie Besson; Siegfried Bethke; Wahid Bhimji; Riccardo-Maria Bianchi; Michele Bianco; Otmar Biebel; Stephen Paul Bieniek; Katharina Bierwagen; Jed Biesiada; Michela Biglietti; Halina Bilokon; Marcello Bindi; Sebastien Binet; Ahmet Bingul; Cesare Bini; Catherine Biscarat; Urban Bitenc; Kevin Black; Robert Blair; Jean-Baptiste Blanchard; Georges Blanchot; Tomas Blazek; Craig Blocker; Jacek Blocki; Alain Blondel; Walter Blum; Ulrike Blumenschein; Gerjan Bobbink; Victor Bobrovnikov; Simona Serena Bocchetta; Andrea Bocci; Christopher Richard Boddy; Michael Boehler; Jennifer Boek; Nele Boelaert; Joannes Andreas Bogaerts; Alexander Bogdanchikov; Andrei Bogouch

2012-01-01

179

Quark deconfinement in high-mass neutron stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we explore whether or not quark deconfinement may occur in high-mass neutron stars such as J1614 - 2230 (1.97±0.04M?) and J0348 + 0432 (2.01±0.04M?). Our study is based on a nonlocal extension of the SU(3) Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (n3NJL) model with repulsive vector interactions among the quarks. This model goes beyond the frequently used local version of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model by accounting for several key features of QCD which are not part of the local model. Confined hadronic matter is treated in the framework of nonlinear relativistic mean field theory. We find that both the local as well as the nonlocal NJL model predict the existence of extended regions of mixed quark-hadron (quark-hybrid) matter in high-mass neutron stars with masses of 2.1 to 2.4M?. Pure quark matter in the cores of neutron stars is obtained for certain parametrizations of the hadronic lagrangian and choices of the vector repulsion among quarks. The radii of high-mass neutron stars with quark-hybrid matter and/or pure quark matter cores in their centers are found to lie in the canonical range of 12 to 13 km.

Orsaria, M.; Rodrigues, H.; Weber, F.; Contrera, G. A.

2014-01-01

180

The High Mass End of the Initial Mass Function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk we present a review of the observational difficulties for the determination of the Initial Mass Function (IMF) and make a summary of the observational data that can be used to constrain the IMF. We also show how well the proposed effective IMF and other popular IMFs fit some of these constraints. In this short contribution we point out a series of effects that must be taken into account to recover the high mass IMF from the observed Present Day Mass Function (PDMF).

Parravano, A.; McKee, C. F.; Hollenbach, D.

2009-05-01

181

Radiative Decay Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metallic surfaces can have unusual effects on fluorophores such as increasing or decreasing the rates of radiative decay and the rates of resonance energy transfer (RET). In the present article we describe the effects of metallic silver island films on the emission spectra, lifetimes, and energy transfer for several fluorophores. The fluorophores are not covalently coupled to the silver islands

Joseph R. Lakowicz; Yibing Shen; Sabato D'Auria; Joanna Malicka; Jiyu Fang; Zygmunt Gryczynski; Ignacy Gryczynski

2002-01-01

182

Mass discrimination in high-mass MALDI-MS.  

PubMed

In high-mass matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS), the accessible m/z range is limited by the detector used. Therefore, special high-mass detectors based on ion conversion dynodes (ICDs) have been developed. Recently, we have found that mass bias may exist when such ICD detectors are used [Weidmann et al., Anal. Chem. 85(6), 3425-3432 (2013)]. In this contribution, the mass-dependent response of an ICD detector was systematically studied, the response factors for proteins with molecular weights from 35.9 to 129.9 kDa were determined, and the reasons for mass bias were identified. Compared with commonly employed microchannel plate detectors, we found that the mass discrimination is less pronounced, although ions with higher masses are weakly favored when using an ICD detector. The relative response was found to depend on the laser power used for MALDI; low-mass ions are discriminated against with higher laser power. The effect of mutual ion suppression in dependence of the proteins used and their molar ratio is shown. Mixtures consisting of protein oligomers that only differ in mass show less mass discrimination than mixtures consisting of different proteins with similar masses. Furthermore, mass discrimination increases for molar ratios far from 1. Finally, we present clear guidelines that help to choose the experimental parameters such that the response measured matches the actual molar fraction as closely as possible. PMID:23836380

Weidmann, Simon; Mikutis, Gediminas; Barylyuk, Konstantin; Zenobi, Renato

2013-09-01

183

Unusual, high-mass-ratio contact binary VZ Piscium  

SciTech Connect

Radial-velocity curves have been determined for the short-period W UMa type binary VZ Psc using the cross-correlation method. These yield a mass ratio of 0.92 + or - 0.03, a value closer to unity than that reported for any other W UMa binary thus far. Strong Ca II H and K emission is associated with each component. A light-curve solution indicates a greatly overcontact configuration with a very large temperature difference between components, a combination that is difficult to understand physically. However, the inclination is very low and thus the light-curve parameters are not well determined. The system has a high space velocity and belongs kinematically to the old-disk population. The high mass ratio makes VZ Psfc a candidate for recent evolution into contact, which may relate to some of its unusual properties. 40 references.

Hrivnak, B.J.; Milone, E.F. (Valparaiso Univ., IN (USA); Rothney Astrophysical Observatory, Calgary (Canada))

1989-02-01

184

High-mass star formation in southern disk galaxies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a major study of the physical processes of star formation and the evolution of galactic discs, the detailed distribution of high-mass star formation within southern late-type spirals and Magellanic-type galaxies is being measured by means of narrow-band imaging in Ha and the continuum, spectroscopic studies of prominent HII regions identified in the Ha images, and by radio mapping in neutral hydrogen and the continuum. The radio mapping will be undertaken with the Southern Hemisphere's first large, multi-frequency synthesis array, the Australia Telescope. Some optical imaging and spectroscopic data has already been acquired; the optical data and some preliminary results are described.

Dopita, Michael A.; Forster, J. R.; Ferrario, Lilia

1990-01-01

185

Mass Discrimination in High-Mass MALDI-MS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In high-mass matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS), the accessible m/z range is limited by the detector used. Therefore, special high-mass detectors based on ion conversion dynodes (ICDs) have been developed. Recently, we have found that mass bias may exist when such ICD detectors are used [Weidmann et al., Anal. Chem. 85(6), 3425-3432 (2013)]. In this contribution, the mass-dependent response of an ICD detector was systematically studied, the response factors for proteins with molecular weights from 35.9 to 129.9 kDa were determined, and the reasons for mass bias were identified. Compared with commonly employed microchannel plate detectors, we found that the mass discrimination is less pronounced, although ions with higher masses are weakly favored when using an ICD detector. The relative response was found to depend on the laser power used for MALDI; low-mass ions are discriminated against with higher laser power. The effect of mutual ion suppression in dependence of the proteins used and their molar ratio is shown. Mixtures consisting of protein oligomers that only differ in mass show less mass discrimination than mixtures consisting of different proteins with similar masses. Furthermore, mass discrimination increases for molar ratios far from 1. Finally, we present clear guidelines that help to choose the experimental parameters such that the response measured matches the actual molar fraction as closely as possible.

Weidmann, Simon; Mikutis, Gediminas; Barylyuk, Konstantin; Zenobi, Renato

2013-09-01

186

Outflows in high mass star-forming regions  

SciTech Connect

In the last decade, observations of star-forming regions in the millimeter wavelength range have led to the discovery of supersonic molecular outflows from embedded infrared sources, a heretofore unsuspected, but now generally accepted, phase in the star formation process. In order to better understand the outflow phenomenon in high mass pre-main sequence stars, the three sources S87, LkH{alpha}101, and S106 were chosen for closer study. Observations from the recently completed Owens Valley Radio Observatory's millimeter wave interferometer afford us the highest spatial-resolution, molecular line maps of these sources to date. The OVRO maps were combined with data from the 14 m FCRAO millimeter wave radio telescope, the VLA, IRAS, and the Palomar 5 m and 1.5 m optical telescopes. A synthesis of the data reveals that although all three pre-main sequence objects are the sources of powerful, ionized stellar winds, only one, S87/IRS1, currently drives a bipolar molecular outflow. The existence of massive, large-scale disks, necessary for numerous proposed molecular outflow models, can now be ruled out. Only one of the many proposed molecular outflow models is consistent with the new observations. Although the observed winds can disperse a good portion of the cloud cores they inhabit, they cannot completely destroy these cores. Two glaring and intriguing problems remain to be solved in this field: the origin of the supersonic turbulence observed throughout a molecular cloud, and the driving mechanism of the powerful, ionized winds found in the high-mass, pre-main sequence stars.

Barsony, M.A.

1989-01-01

187

Basics of Resonance Chiral Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the main components that have to be considered, within Resonance Chiral Theory, in the study of processes whose dynamics is dominated by hadron resonances. We show its application in the study of the ?-->????? decay.

Portolés, J.

2010-12-01

188

Fourier transform mass spectrometry of high-mass biomolecules  

SciTech Connect

In this report the authors present an overview of the use of FTMS for the analysis of large biomolecules, with emphasis on recent developments in coupling ESI and MALDI with FTMS. A simple description of the principles of FTMS operation and experimental factors that are relevant to the examination of large molecules are also presented. The examples represent state-of-the-art capabilities of FTMS. On the basis of early reports, it is apparent that the applications of FTMS for the analysis of biopolymers will expand rapidly in the near future. Although many different types of mass analyzers are compatible with FAB, ESI, and MALDI, FTMS has exhibited particular potential for high sensitivity, accurate mass measurement, high-mass resolution, and structural characterization of large biopolymers. The recent results obtained with both ESI-FTMS and MALDI-FTMS are very exciting with respect to both fundamental advances in the capabilities of FTMS and potential applications in the biochemical laboratory. 63 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Buchanan, M.V.; Hettich, R.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1993-03-01

189

Accretion in supergiant High Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supergiant High Mass X-ray Binary systems (sgHMXBs) consist of a massive, late type, star and a neutron star. The massive stars exhibit strong, radiatively driven, stellar winds. Wind accretion onto compact object triggers X-ray emission, which alters the stellar wind significantly. Hydrodynamic simulation has been used to study the neutron star - stellar wind interaction it two sgHMXBs: i) A heavily obscured sgHMXB (IGR J17252-3616) discovered by INTEGRAL. To account for observable quantities (i.e., absorbing column density) we have to assume a very slow wind terminal velocity of about 500 km/s and a rather massive neutron star. If confirmed in other obscured systems, this could provide a completely new stellar wind diagnostics. ii) A classical sgHMXB (Vela X-1) has been studied in depth to understand the origin of the off-states observed in this system. Among many models used to account for this observed behavior (clumpy wind, gating mechanism) we propose that self-organized criticality of the accretion stream is the likely reason for the observed behavior. In conclusion, the neutron star, in these two examples, acts very efficiently as a probe to study stellar winds.

Manousakis, A.; Blondin, J.; Walter, R.

2013-09-01

190

Stellar winds in supergiant High Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supergiant High Mass X-ray Binary systems (sgHMXBs) consist of a massive, late type, star and a neutron star. The massive stars exhibit strong, radiatively driven, stellar winds. Wind accretion onto compact object triggers X-ray emission, which alters the stellar wind significantly. Hydrodynamic simulation has been used to study the neutron star - stellar wind interaction it two sgHMXBs: i) A heavily obscured sgHMXB (IGR J17252-3616) discovered by INTEGRAL. To account for observable quantities (i.e., absorbing column density) we have to assume a very slow wind terminal velocity of about 500 km/s and a rather massive neutron star. If confirmed in other obscured systems, this could provide a completely new stellar wind diagnostics. ii) A classical sgHMXB (Vela X-1) has been studied in depth to understand the origin of the off-states observed in this system. Among many models used to account for this observed behavior (clumpy wind, gating mechanism) we propose that self-organized criticality of the accretion stream is the likely reason for the observed behavior.

Manousakis, Antonios; Walter, Roland

2013-06-01

191

Superconducting Microwave Resonators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High quality factor superconducting microwave resonators play a key role in applications to quantum computation and single photon detection schemes. We have optimized our aluminum quarter wavelength coplanar waveguide resonators in an effort to improve energy decay times. As the characteristic decay times in our samples begin to approach the requirements set out by fault tolerant error correction algorithms, reproducibility becomes a growing focus. Consistent reproduction of high quality factor resonators requires reliable determination of device parameters independent of experimental imperfections and environmental influences. These measurements permit an improved understanding of the variations between nominally identical resonators as well as variations in an individual sample over time. Recent experimental results will be discussed.

Neill, Charles; Megrant, Anthony; Lenander, Mike; Barends, Rami; Wenner, Jim; White, Ted; Sank, Daniel; Chen, Yu; Yin, Yi; Chiaro, Ben; Kelly, Julian; O'Malley, Peter; Roushan, Pedram; Lucero, Erik; Vainsencher, Amit; Bochmann, Joerg; Mariantoni, Matteo; Axline, Chris; Martinis, John; Cleland, Andrew

2012-02-01

192

Time evolution of cascade decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study non-perturbatively the time evolution of cascade decay for generic fields \\pi \\to {{\\phi }_{1}}{{\\phi }_{2}}\\to {{\\phi }_{2}}{{\\chi }_{1}}{{\\chi }_{2}} and obtain the time dependence of amplitudes and populations for the resonant and final states. We analyze in detail the different time scales and the manifestation of unitary time evolution in the dynamics of production and decay of resonant intermediate and final states. The probability of occupation (population) ‘flows’ as a function of time from the initial to the final states. When the decay width of the parent particle {{\\Gamma }_{\\pi }} is much larger than that of the intermediate resonant state {{\\Gamma }_{{{\\phi }_{1}}}} there is a ‘bottleneck’ in the flow, the population of resonant states builds up to a maximum at {{t}^{*}}=ln \\left[ {{\\Gamma }_{\\pi }}/{{\\Gamma }_{{{\\phi }_{1}}}} \\right]/\\left( {{\\Gamma }_{\\pi }}-{{\\Gamma }_{{{\\phi }_{1}}}} \\right) nearly saturating unitarity and decays to the final state on the longer time scale 1/{{\\Gamma }_{{{\\phi }_{1}}}}. As a consequence of the wide separation of time scales in this case the cascade decay can be interpreted as evolving sequentially \\pi \\to {{\\phi }_{1}}{{\\phi }_{2}};{{\\phi }_{1}}{{\\phi }_{2}}\\to {{\\phi }_{2}}{{\\chi }_{1}}{{\\chi }_{2}}. In the opposite limit the population of resonances ({{\\phi }_{1}}) does not build up substantially and the cascade decay proceeds almost directly from the initial parent to the final state without resulting in a large amplitude of the resonant state. An alternative but equivalent non-perturbative method useful in cosmology is presented. Possible phenomenological implications for heavy sterile neutrinos as resonant states and consequences of quantum entanglement and correlations in the final state are discussed.

Boyanovsky, Daniel; Lello, Louis

2014-06-01

193

Rare nonleptonic decays of the omega hyperon: Measurements of the branching ratios for the charged omega hyperon going to neutral xi hyperon resonance-anti xi hyperon resonance-charged pion and the charged omega hyperon going to charged xi hyperon-charged pion-antipion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A clean signal of 78 (24) events has been observed in the rare nonleptonic particle (antiparticle) decay modes O??? ?pi+/-pi? using data collected with the HyperCP spectrometer during Fermilab's 1999 fixed-target run. We obtain B(O-?xi -pi+pi-)= [4.32+/-0.56(stat)+/-0.28(syst)]x10 -4 and B(O+?xi +pi-pi+)=[3.13+/-0.71(stat)+/-0.20(syst)]x10 -4. This is the first observation of the antiparticle mode. Our measurement for the particle mode agrees with the previous experimental result and has an order-of-magnitude better precision. We extract the contribution from the resonance decay mode W??X*015 30(X*01530 )p? to the final state ??pi+/- pi?. This, the first actual measurement of the resonance-mode branching ratios, gives B (W-?X*015 30p-) =[4.55+/-2.33(stat)+/-0.38(syst)]x10-5, B (W+?X*0 1530p+) =[1.40+/-2.83(stat)+/-0.12(syst)]x10-5 and disagrees with the current Particle Data Group review value, being ?14 times smaller. Since the central value of the resonance-mode branching ratio is less than two standard deviations away from zero, we also calculate branching ratio upper limits at 90% confidence level: B (W-?X*015 30p-) < 7.61x10-5 and B (W+?X*0 1530p+) < 5.61x10-5. This analysis provides new data on nonleptonic hyperon decays which allows studies of how weak interaction processes occur in the presence of strong interactions.

Kamaev, Oleg

194

Formation of High Mass Hydrocarbons on Kuiper Belt Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present recent results from the newly established W.M. Keck Research Laboratory in Astrochemistry regarding the formation of high molecular weight ( C15) hydrocarbons starting from pure, simple hydrocarbons ices upon interaction of these ices with ionizing radiation: methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8) and n-butane (C4H10). Specifically, we have utilized a novel application of reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with soft vacuum ultraviolet photoionization to observe the nature of high mass hydro- carbons as a function of their respective sublimation temperature. The Kuiper Belt is estimated to consist of over 70,000 icy bodies, which extend beyond the orbit of Neptune at 30 AU. These bodies are thought to have maintained low temperatures (30-50 K) since the formation of the solar system and are regarded as frozen relics that may preserve a record of the primitive volatiles from which the solar system formed. In particular, methane has been detected on the surfaces of Sedna, Quaoar, Triton (thought to be a captured KBO) and Pluto along with ethane being tentatively assigned to on Quaoar, Pluto, and Orcus. The surfaces of these bodies have undergone 4.5 Gyr of chemical processing due to ionizing radiation from the solar wind and Galactic Cosmic Radiation. Our research has been focused on trying to understand how these ices have evolved over the age of our solar system by simulating the chemical processing via ionizing radiation in an ultrahigh vacuum chamber coupled with a variety of optical analytical spectroscopies (FT-IR, Raman, UV-Vis) and gas phase mass spectroscopy. Our results indicate that larger, more complex hydrocarbons up to C15 are formed easily under conditions relevant to the environment of Kuiper Belt Objects which may help elucidate part of the puzzle regarding the ‘colors’ of these objects along with the formation of carbonaceous material throughout the interstellar medium.

Jones, Brant M.; Bennett, C.; Gu, X.; Kaiser, R.

2012-10-01

195

Molecular line tracers of high-mass star forming regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-mass stars influence their environment in different ways including feedback via their FUV radiation. The penetration of FUV photons into molecular clouds creates Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs) with different chemical layers where the mainly ionized medium changes into mainly molecular. Different chemical layers in PDRs are traced by different species observable at sub-mm and Far Infrared wavelengths. In this poster we present results from two molecular line surveys. One of them is the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Spectral Legacy Survey (SLS) toward the luminous (>10^7 L_Sun), massive (~10^6 M_Sun), and distant (11.4 kpc) star-forming region W49A. The SLS images a 2x2 arcminute field toward W49A in the 330-373 GHz frequency range. The detected molecular lines reveal a complex chemistry and the importance of FUV-irradiation in the heating and chemistry of the region. The other line survey presented in the poster is part of the HEXOS (Herschel observations of EXtra-Ordinary Sources, PI: E. Bergin) key program using the Herschel Space Observatory and is toward the nearby (~420 pc) prototypical edge-on Orion Bar PDR and the dense molecular condensation Orion S. Reactive ions, such as CH+, SH+, and CO+, detected as a part of this line survey trace the warm (~500-1000 K) surface region of PDRs. Spectrally resolved HIFI and spectrally unresolved PACS spectra give constraints on the chemistry and excitation of reactive ions in these regions.

Nagy, Zsofia; Van der Tak, Floris; Ossenkopf, Volker; Bergin, Edwin; Black, John; Faure, Alexandre; Fuller, Gary; Gerin, Maryvonne; Goicoechea, Javier; Joblin, Christine; Le Bourlot, Jacques; Le Petit, Franck; Makai, Zoltan; Plume, Rene; Roellig, Markus; Spaans, Marco; Tolls, Volker

2013-07-01

196

Nuclear Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson provides an overview of basic atomic structure and the concept of radioactive decay. Topics include the particles that make up an atom, binding forces, and the concept of isotopes. There is also discussion of decay methods and half-life versus activity. The lesson includes an activity in which students use online applets to investigate the half-life and activity of selected isotopes and to examine possible decay chains for some others. They will also use a pair of dice to simulate the process of decay.

Pratte, John

197

$\\\\tau$ decays with neutral kaons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The branching ratio of the tau lepton to a neutral K meson is measured from a sample of approximately 200,000 tau decays recorded by the OPAL detector at centre-of-mass energies near the Z0 resonance. The measurement is based on two samples which identify one-prong tau decays with KL and KS mesons. The combined branching ratios are measured to be B(tau-

G Abbiendi; K Ackerstaff; P F Åkesson; Gideon Alexander; J Allison; K J Anderson; S Arcelli; S Asai; S F Ashby; D A Axen; Georges Azuelos; I Bailey; A H Ball; E Barberio; R J Barlow; J Richard Batley; S Baumann; T Behnke; K W Bell; G Bella; A Bellerive; Stanislaus Cornelius Maria Bentvelsen; Siegfried Bethke; S Betts; O Biebel; A Biguzzi; Ian J Bloodworth; P Bock; J Böhme; O Boeriu; D Bonacorsi; M Boutemeur; S Braibant; P G Bright-Thomas; L Brigliadori; R M Brown; Helfried J Burckhart; P Capiluppi; R K Carnegie; A A Carter; J R Carter; C Y Chang; D G Charlton; D Chrisman; C Ciocca; P E L Clarke; E Clay; I Cohen; J E Conboy; O C Cooke; J Couchman; C Couyoumtzelis; R L Coxe; M Cuffiani; S Dado; G M Dallavalle; S Dallison; R Davis; A de Roeck; P J Dervan; Klaus Desch; B Dienes; M S Dixit; M Donkers; J Dubbert; E Duchovni; G Duckeck; I P Duerdoth; P G Estabrooks; E Etzion; Franco Luigi Fabbri; A Fanfani; M Fanti; A A Faust; L Feld; P Ferrari; F Fiedler; M Fierro; I Fleck; A Frey; A Fürtjes; D I Futyan; P Gagnon; J W Gary; G Gaycken; C Geich-Gimbel; G Giacomelli; P Giacomelli; D M Gingrich; D A Glenzinski; J Goldberg; W Gorn; C Grandi; K Graham; E Gross; Jacob Grunhaus; M Gruwé; C Hajdu; G G Hanson; M Hansroul; M Hapke; K Harder; A Harel; C K Hargrove; M Harin-Dirac; M Hauschild; C M Hawkes; R Hawkings; Richard J Hemingway; G Herten; R D Heuer; M D Hildreth; J C Hill; P R Hobson; Andreas Höcker; K Hoffman; R James Homer; A K Honma; D Horváth; K R Hossain; R Howard; P Hüntemeyer; P Igo-Kemenes; D C Imrie; K Ishii; F R Jacob; A Jawahery; H Jeremie; Martin Paul Jimack; C R Jones; P Jovanovic; T R Junk; N Kanaya; J I Kanzaki; G V Karapetian; D A Karlen; V G Kartvelishvili; K Kawagoe; T Kawamoto; P I Kayal; Richard K Keeler; R G Kellogg; B W Kennedy; D H Kim; A Klier; T Kobayashi; M Kobel; T P Kokott; M Kolrep; S Komamiya; R V Kowalewski; T Kress; P Krieger; J Von Krogh; T Kühl; M Kupper; P Kyberd; G D Lafferty; Hagar Yaël Landsman; D Lanske; J Lauber; I Lawson; J G Layter; Daniel Lellouch; J Letts; L Levinson; R Liebisch; J Lillich; B List; C Littlewood; A W Lloyd; S L Lloyd; F K Loebinger; G D Long; Michael J Losty; J Lü; J Ludwig; A Macchiolo; A L MacPherson; W F Mader; M Mannelli; S Marcellini; T E Marchant; A J Martin; J P Martin; G Martínez; T Mashimo; P Mättig; W J McDonald; J A McKenna; E A McKigney; T J McMahon; R A McPherson; F Meijers; P Méndez-Lorenzo; F S Merritt; H Mes; I Meyer; Aldo Michelini; S Mihara; G Mikenberg; D J Miller; W Mohr; A Montanari; T Mori; K Nagai; I Nakamura; H A Neal; R Nisius; S W O'Neale; F G Oakham; F Odorici; H O Ögren; A N Okpara; M J Oreglia; S Orito; G Pásztor; J R Pater; G N Patrick; J Patt; R Pérez-Ochoa; S Petzold; P Pfeifenschneider; J E Pilcher; James L Pinfold; D E Plane; B Poli; J Polok; M B Przybycien; A Quadt; C Rembser; Hartmut Rick; S A Robins; N L Rodning; J M Roney; S Rosati; K Roscoe; A M Rossi; Y Rozen; K Runge; O Runólfsson; D R Rust; K Sachs; T Saeki; O Sahr; W M Sang; E Sarkisyan-Grinbaum; C Sbarra; A D Schaile; O Schaile; P Scharff-Hansen; J Schieck; S Schmitt; A Schöning; M Schröder; M Schumacher; C Schwick; W G Scott; R Seuster; T G Shears; B C Shen; C H Shepherd-Themistocleous; P Sherwood; G P Siroli; A Skuja; A M Smith; G A Snow; Randall J Sobie; S Söldner-Rembold; S Spagnolo; M Sproston; A Stahl; K Stephens; K Stoll; D Strom; R Ströhmer; B Surrow; S D Talbot; P Taras; S Tarem; R Teuscher; M Thiergen; J Thomas; M A Thomson; E Torrence; S Towers; T M Trefzger; I Trigger; Z L Trócsányi; E Tsur; M F Turner-Watson; I Ueda; R Van Kooten; P Vannerem; M Verzocchi; H Voss; F Wäckerle; D Waller; C P Ward; D R Ward; P M Watkins; A T Watson; N K Watson; P S Wells; T Wengler; N Wermes; D Wetterling; J S White; G W Wilson; J A Wilson; T R Wyatt; S Yamashita; V Zacek; D Zer-Zion

1999-01-01

198

Formation of High Mass Hydrocarbons on Kuiper Belt Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent results from the newly established W.M. Keck Research Laboratory in Astrochemistry are presented regarding the formation of high molecular weight (~ C15) hydrocarbons starting from pure, simple saturated hydrocarbons ices: methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8) and n-butane (C4H10) upon the interaction of these ices with ionizing radiation. Specifically, we have utilized a novel application of reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with soft vacuum ultraviolet photoionization to observe the sublimation of the high mass hydrocarbons as a function of temperature. The Kuiper Belt is estimated to consist of over 70,000 icy bodies, which extend beyond the orbit of Neptune at 30 AU. These bodies are believed to have maintained low temperatures (30-50 K) since the formation of the solar system and are often regarded as frozen relics that may preserve a record of the primitive volatiles from which the solar system formed. In particular, methane has been detected on the surfaces of Sedna, Quaoar, Triton (thought to be a captured KBO) and Pluto along with ethane being tentatively assigned to on Quaoar, Pluto, and Orcus. Throughout the past 4.5 billion years, these surfaces have undergone significant chemical processing due to the barrage of ionizing radiation from solar wind and background Galactic Cosmic Rays. The main focus of our research has been elucidating how the outer planetary icy bodies have evolved over the age of the solar system by simulating the chemical changes induced from ionizing radiation in an ultrahigh vacuum chamber. These changes are monitored with a variety of optical analytical spectroscopies (FT-IR, Raman, UV-Vis) and gas phase mass spectroscopy coupled with soft vacuum ultraviolet photoionization of the subliming products at 10.5 eV. Our results indicate that larger, more complex hydrocarbons up to C15 are formed easily under conditions relevant to the environment of Kuiper Belt Objects which may help elucidate part of the puzzle regarding the 'colors' of these objects along with the formation of carbonaceous material throughout the interstellar medium.eflection Time-of-Flight spectrum as a function of temperature of the newly formed species from the energetic processing of a pure amorphous propane ice.

Jones, B. M.; Bennett, C.; Gu, X.; Kaiser, R. I.

2012-12-01

199

RESEARCH NOTES FROM COLLABORATIONS: High-mass dimuon and secondary J/? production at CMS as probes of medium-induced bottom quark energy loss in heavy-ion collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The capability of the CMS detector to observe the rescattering and energy loss of heavy quarks in the dense matter created in heavy-ion collisions is discussed. We analyse the sensitivity of high-mass µ+µ- pairs from B?'s from single B decays to the medium-induced bottom quark energy loss.

Lokhtin, I. P.; Snigirev, A. M.

2001-11-01

200

The study of rare decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we study rare decays within the Standard Model. The penguin, box, annihilation, color-favored cascade and color-suppressed cascade contributions are included. Based on our calculation, the annihilation and color-favored cascade diagrams play important roles in the differential branching fractions, forward-backward asymmetries, longitudinal polarizations of the final vector mesons and leptonic longitudinal polarization asymmetries. More importantly, color-favored cascade decays largely enhance the resonance cascade contributions. To avoid the resonance cascade contribution pollution, new cutting regions are put forward.

Ju, Wan-Li; Wang, Guo-Li; Fu, Hui-Feng; Wang, Tian-Hong; Jiang, Yue

2014-04-01

201

A single distance sample of molecular outflows from high-mass young stellar objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have made 12CO 2-1 and 1-0 maps of eleven molecular outflows associated with intermediate to high-mass young stellar objects (YSOs) in order to establish whether the correlations between outflow parameters and source bolometric luminosity hold in the high-mass regime. It is important to consider the effects of Malmquist-type biases when looking at high-mass YSOs, as they are generally much

N. A. Ridge; Toby J. T. Moore

2001-01-01

202

Positive parity states in {sup 208}Pb excited by the proton decay of the isobaric analog intruder resonance j{sub 15/2} in {sup 209}Bi  

SciTech Connect

With the Q3D magnetic spectrograph of the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium at Muenchen at a resolution of about 3 keV, angular distributions and excitation functions of the reaction {sup 208}Pb(p,p{sup '}) were measured at some scattering angles 20 deg. - 138 deg. for several proton energies 14.8-18.1 MeV. All seven known isobaric analog resonances in {sup 209}Bi are covered. By the excitation near the j{sub 15/2} intruder resonance in {sup 209}Bi, several new positive parity states in {sup 208}Pb with excitation energies 4.6-6.2 MeV are identified by comparison of the mean cross section to the known single particle widths. The dominant configuration for 27 positive parity states is determined and compared to the schematic shell model.

Heusler, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Riess, F.; Wirth, H.-F. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians--Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Faestermann, T.; Kruecken, R.; Behrens, T.; Bildstein, V.; Eppinger, K.; Herlitzius, C.; Lepyoshkina, O.; Mahgoub, M.; Parikh, A.; Schwertel, S.; Wimmer, K. [Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Pietralla, N. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Werner, V. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8120 (United States); Jolie, J.; Muecher, D. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)

2010-07-15

203

Properties of stellar clusters around high-mass young stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context: Twenty-six high-luminosity IRAS sources believed to be collection of stars in the early phases of high-mass star formation have been observed in the near-IR (J, H, K_s) to characterize the clustering properties of their young stellar population and compare them with those of more evolved objects (e.g., Herbig Ae/Be stars) of comparable mass. All the observed sources possess strong continuum and/or line emission in the millimeter, being therefore associated with gas and dust envelopes. Nine sources have far-IR colors characteristic of UCHII regions, while the other 17 are probably experiencing an evolutionary phase that precedes the hot-cores, as suggested by a variety of evidence collected in the past decade. Aims: We attempt to gain insight into the initial conditions of star formation in these clusters (initial mass function [IMF], star formation history [SFH]), and to determine mean cluster ages. Methods: For each cluster, we complete aperture photometry. We derive stellar density profiles, color-color and color-magnitude diagrams, and color (HKCF) and luminosity (KLF) functions. These two functions are compared with simulated KLFs and HKCFs from a model that generates populations of synthetic clusters starting from assumptions about the IMF, SFH, and Pre-MS evolution, and using the average properties of the observed clusters as boundary conditions (bolometric luminosity, dust distribution, infrared excess, extinction). Results: Twenty-two sources show evidence of clustering with a stellar richness indicator that varies from a few up to several tens of objects, and a median cluster radius of 0.7 pc. A considerable number of cluster members present an infrared excess characteristic of young pre-main-sequence objects. For a subset of 9 detected clusters, we could perform a statistically significant comparison of the observed KLFs with those resulting from synthetic cluster models; for these clusters, we find that the median stellar age ranges between 2.5×105 and 5×106 years, with evidence of an age spread of the same entity within each cluster. We also find evidence that older clusters tend to be smaller in size, in agreement with our clusters being on average larger than those around relatively older Herbig Ae/Be stars. Our models allow us to explore the relationship between the mass of the most massive star in the cluster and both the cluster richness and the total stellar mass. Although these relationships are predicted by several classes of cluster formation models, their detailed analysis suggests that the properties of our modeled clusters may not be consistent with them resulting from random sampling of the IMF. Conclusions: Our results are consistent with star formation having occurred continuously over a period of time longer than the typical crossing time. Appendices are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org Based on observations obtained at the Palomar Observatory and at the ESO La Silla Observatory (Chile), programme 65.I-0310(A).

Faustini, F.; Molinari, S.; Testi, L.; Brand, J.

2009-09-01

204

Terrestrial planets in high-mass disks without gas giants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Observational and theoretical studies suggest that planetary systems consisting only of rocky planets are probably the most common in the Universe. Aims: We study the potential habitability of planets formed in high-mass disks without gas giants around solar-type stars. These systems are interesting because they are likely to harbor super-Earths or Neptune-mass planets on wide orbits, which one should be able to detect with the microlensing technique. Methods: First, a semi-analytical model was used to define the mass of the protoplanetary disks that produce Earth-like planets, super-Earths, or mini-Neptunes, but not gas giants. Using mean values for the parameters that describe a disk and its evolution, we infer that disks with masses lower than 0.15 M? are unable to form gas giants. Then, that semi-analytical model was used to describe the evolution of embryos and planetesimals during the gaseous phase for a given disk. Thus, initial conditions were obtained to perform N-body simulations of planetary accretion. We studied disks of 0.1, 0.125, and 0.15 M?. Results: All our simulations form massive planets on wide orbits. For a 0.1 M? disk, 2-3 super-Earths of 2.8 to 5.9 M? are formed between 2 and 5 AU. For disks of 0.125 and 0.15 M?, our simulations produce a 10-17.1 M? planet between 1.6 and 2.7 AU, and other super-Earths are formed in outer regions. Moreover, six planets survive in the habitable zone (HZ). These planets have masses from 1.9 to 4.7 M? and significant water contents ranging from 560 to 7482 Earth oceans, where one Earth ocean represents the amount of water on Earth's surface, which equals 2.8 × 10-4M?. Of the six planets formed in the HZ, three are water worlds with 39%-44% water by mass. These planets start the simulations beyond the snow line, which explains their high water abundances. In general terms, the smaller the mass of the planets observed on wide orbits, the higher the possibility to find water worlds in the HZ. In fact, massive planets can act as a dynamical barrier that prevents the inward diffusion of water-rich embryos located beyond the snow line. Conclusions: Systems without gas giants that harbor super-Earths or Neptune-mass planets on wide orbits around solar-type stars are of astrobiological interest. These systems are likely to harbor super-Earths in the HZ with significant water contents, which missions such as Kepler and Darwin should be able to find.

de Elía, G. C.; Guilera, O. M.; Brunini, A.

2013-09-01

205

Observation of a Narrow Baryon Resonance Decaying to pK{sup 0}{sub S} in Proton-Nucleus Interactions at 70 GeV/c with the SVD-2 Setup  

SciTech Connect

Data from the SVD-2 experiment that were obtained at the IHEP accelerator in 70-GeV/c proton-nucleus interactions are analyzed with the aim of searches for an exotic {theta}{sup +} baryon that decays through the pK{sup 0}{sub S} channel. The reaction pN {yields} pK{sup 0}{sub S} + X characterized by a bounded multiplicity of charged secondaries is used for this analysis. A resonance of mass M = 1526 {+-} 3(stat.) {+-} 3(syst.) MeV/c{sup 2} and width {gamma} < 24 MeV/c{sup 2} is observed in the invariant-mass spectrum of the pK{sup 0}{sub S} system at a statistical significance of 5.6{sigma}. The mass and the width of this resonance correspond to the recently found positive-strangeness {theta}{sup +} baryon, which was predicted to be an exotic baryon consisting of five quarks (pentaquark), uudds-bar. The total cross section for the production of a {theta}{sup +} baryon in pA interactions is estimated at a value within the range 30-120 {mu}b for x{sub F} {>=} 0. An analysis of the A dependence of the cross section for {theta}{sup +}-baryon production does not reveal a significant deviation from the A dependence for inelastic events ({approx}A{sup 0.7})

Aleev, A.N.; Amaglobeli, N.S.; Balandin, V.P.; Boguslavsky, I.V.; Gramenitsky, I.M.; Zhidkov, N.K.; Kokoulina, E.S.; Kosarev, I.G.; Kuzmin, N.A.; Lanshikov, G.I.; Nikitin, V.A.; Oleinik, A.A.; Rufanov, I.A.; Topuria, T.P.; Furmanec, N.F.; Shafranov, M.D.; Yukaev, A.I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow oblast, 141980 (Russian Federation); Ardashev, E.N.; Vasiliev, M.V.; Vorobiev, A. P. [Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Moscow oblast, 142284 (Russian Federation)] [and others

2005-06-01

206

Dynamically generated hadron resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As an example of dynamically generated resonances we mention the interaction of vector mesons with baryons within the local hidden gauge formalism which gives rise to a large amount of such states, many of which can be associated to known resonances, while others represent predictions for new resonances. The width of these states coming from decay into pseudoscalar baryon is also addressed. We also mention recent states coming from ?? interaction obtained with Faddeev equations.

Oset, E.; Garzon, E. J.; Xie, Ju Jun; Gonzalez, P.; Ramos, A. Torres; Martinez, A.

2011-10-01

207

Relation between isospin-symmetry-breaking correction to superallowed ? decay and the energy of the charge-exchange giant monopole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After application of an analytical transformation, a new exact representation for the nuclear isospin-symmetry-breaking correction ?C to superallowed ? decay is obtained. The correction is shown to be essentially the reciprocal of the square of an energy parameter ?M which characterizes the charge-exchange monopole strength distribution. The proportionality coefficient in this relation is determined by basic properties of the ground state of the even-even parent nucleus and should be reliably calculable in any realistic nuclear model. Therefore, the single parameter ?M contains all the information about the properties of excited 0+ states needed to describe ?C. This parameter can possibly be determined experimentally by charge-exchange reactions. Basic quantities of interest are calculated within the isospin-consistent continuum random phase approximation, and the values of ?C are compared with the corresponding results from other approaches.

Rodin, Vadim

2013-12-01

208

Radioactive Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With knowledge of Maple, Mathmatica, or MatLab, one should be able to develop a mathematical model for decay of radioactive substances and develop a technique for deciding whether quantitative data fits the model or not.

Smith, David

2001-01-22

209

Tooth Decay  

MedlinePLUS

... 39 billion in dental expenditures due to the power of prevention. Since the 1950s, the total federal ... and reverse early decay. Examples of NIH research projects funded in 2010 include “Development of high performance, ...

210

CLFV Decays at BaBar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rare ? decays provide a sensitive probe of charged lepton flavor violating interactions. With the dataset collected by the BaBar experiment at PEP-II (?4.88×108??bar pairs at the ?(4S) resonance), we have set limits on a large variety of rare charge lepton flavor-violating ? decays.

Hitlin, David G.

2014-03-01

211

The Nucleon Resonance Program at Jlab  

SciTech Connect

The status of the program to study baryon resonances at Jefferson Lab will be exemplified by the latest results on resonance parameters and transition form factors in single and double-pion production as well as kaon-hyperon decays.

Ralf W. Gothe

2006-02-01

212

Npi decays of baryons in a relativized model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We calculate the Npi decay amplitudes of baryon resonances in a semirelativistic version of the 3P0 model of hadron decays. We use relativized wave functions for the baryons and mesons, and include an intuitive modification of the usual 3P0 model. Our results are in reasonable agreement with the reported amplitudes for all known nonstrange resonances, and confirm a proposed solution

Simon Capstick; Winston Roberts

1993-01-01

213

Search for High-Mass States with One Lepton Plus Missing Transverse Momentum in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\\sqrt{s} with the ATLAS Detector  

SciTech Connect

The ATLAS detector is used to search for high-mass states, such as heavy charged gauge bosons (W{prime},W*), decaying to a charged lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino. Results are presented based on the analysis of ppcollisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb{sup -1}. No excess beyond standard model expectations is observed. A W{prime} with sequential standard model couplings is excluded at 95% confidence level for masses below 1.49 TeV, and a W* (charged chiral boson) for masses below 1.35 TeV.

Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdesselam, Abdelouahab; Abdinov, Ovsat; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Aderholz, Michael; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; /Freiburg U. /Oklahoma U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Geneva U. /Oxford U. /Baku, Inst. Phys. /Oklahoma State U. /Michigan State U. /Tel Aviv U. /Orsay, LAL /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Udine /ICTP, Trieste /Brookhaven /Hampton U. /Yale U. /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. /Munich U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Rutherford

2012-06-20

214

Radiative decay of the {lambda}*(1520)  

SciTech Connect

A recently developed nonperturbative chiral approach to dynamically generate the 3/2{sup -} baryon resonances has been extended to investigate the radiative decays {lambda}*(1520){yields}{gamma}{lambda}(1116) and {lambda}*(1520){yields}{gamma}{sigma}{sup 0}(1193). We show that the {lambda}*(1520) decay into {gamma}{lambda} is an ideal test for the need of extra components of the resonance beyond those provided by the chiral approach since the largest meson-baryon components give no contribution to this decay. The case is different for {gamma}{sigma} decay, where the theory agrees with experiment, though the large uncertainties of these data call for more precise measurements. Some estimates of the weight of the needed genuine resonance component are made.

Doering, M.; Oset, E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Aptd. 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Sarkar, Sourav [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Aptd. 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)

2006-12-15

215

Radioactive Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by William Barker and David Smith for the Connected Curriculum Project, the purposes of this module are to develop a mathematical model for decay of radioactive substances, and to develop a technique for deciding whether quantitative data fits the model or not. This is one lesson within a larger set of learning modules hosted by Duke University.

Barker, William; Smith, David

2010-07-05

216

Radioactive Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by William Barker and David Smith for the Connected Curriculum Project, this module develops a mathematical model for decay of radioactive substances, and a technique for deciding whether quantitative data fits the model or not. This is one within a much larger set of learning modules hosted by Duke University.

Barker, William; Smith, David

2010-06-28

217

Tooth decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teeth can decay and break or fall out of the gum line if they become damaged. One way in which they can be damaged is if dental plaque builds up on teeth. Plaque consists mostly of bacteria, and these bacteria cause cavities to be made in teeth if they are not removed on a regular basis.

N/A N/A (None;)

2005-05-21

218

Measurement of the Mass and Width and Study of the Spin of the Xi(1690)0 Resonance from Lambdac+ --> Lambda anti-K0 K+ Decay at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

The {Xi}(1690){sup 0} resonance is observed in the {Lambda}{bar K}{sup 0} channel in the decay {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Lambda}{bar K}{sup 0}K{sup +}, from a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of {approx} 200 fb{sup -1} recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider operating at {approx} 10.58 GeV and {approx} 10.54 GeV center-of-mass energies. A fit to the Dalitz plot intensity distribution corresponding to the coherent superposition of amplitudes describing {Lambda}a{sub 0}(980){sup +} and {Xi}(1690){sup 0} K{sup +} production yields mass and width values of 1684.7 {+-} 1.3(stat.){sub -1.6}{sup +2.2}(syst.) MeV/c{sup 2}, and 8.1{sub -3.5}{sup +3.9}(stat.){sub -0.9}{sup +1.0}(syst.) MeV, respectively, for the {Xi}(1690){sup 0}, while the spin is found to be consistent with value of 1/2 on the basis of studies of the ({Lambda}K{sub S}) angular distribution.

Aubert, B.

2006-09-25

219

The rate and efficiency of high-mass star formation along the Hubble sequence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data obtained with IRAS are used to compare and contrast the global star formation rates for a galactic sample which represents essentially all known noninteracting spiral and lenticular galaxies within 40 Mpc. The distribution of 60 micron luminosity is similar for spirals of types Sa-Scd inclusively, although the luminosities of the very early and very late types are, on average, one order of magnitude lower. High-mass star formation rates are similar for early, intermediate, and late type spirals, and the average high-mass star formation rate per unit molecular gas mass is independent of type for spiral galaxies. A remarkable homogeneity exists in the high-mass star-forming capabilities of spiral galaxies, particularly among the Sa-Scd types. The Hubble sequence is therefore not a sequence in the present-day rate or production efficiency of high-mass stars.

Devereux, Nicholas A.; Young, Judith S.

1991-01-01

220

High-mass Star Formation in the Regions IRAS 19217+1651 and 23151+5912  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present and discuss VLA-EVLA high-sensitivity and spatial resolution observations of Water Vapor MASERs and continuum emission towards two sources that have been proposed in the literature to be high-mass star forming regions: IRAS 19217+1651 and 23151+5912. Our results indicate the presence of disks which can confirm that these regions are high-mass star forming regions.

Migenes, V.; Rodríguez, I. T.; Trinidad, M. A.

2012-07-01

221

CO outflows from high-mass Class 0 protostars in Cygnus-X  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. The earliest phases of the formation of high-mass stars are not well known. It is unclear whether high-mass cores in monolithic collapse exist or not, and what the accretion process and origin of the material feeding the precursors of high-mass stars are. As outflows are natural consequences of the accretion process, they represent one of the few (indirect) tracers of accretion. Aims: We aim to search for individual outflows from high-mass cores in Cygnus X and to study the characteristics of the detected ejections. We compare these to what has been found for the low-mass protostars, to understand how ejection and accretion change and behave with final stellar mass. Methods: We used CO (2-1) PdBI observations towards six massive dense clumps, containing a total of 9 high-mass cores. We estimated the bolometric luminosities and masses of the 9 high-mass cores and measured the energetics of outflows. We compared our sample to low-mass objects studied in the literature and developed simple evolutionary models to reproduce the observables. Results: We find that 8 out of 9 high-mass cores are driving clear individual outflows. They are therefore true equivalents of Class 0 protostars in the high-mass regime. The remaining core, CygX-N53 MM2, has only a tentative outflow detection. It could be one of the first examples of a true individual high-mass prestellar core. We also find that the momentum flux of high-mass objects has a linear relation to the reservoir of mass in the envelope, as a scale up of the relations previously found for low-mass protostars. This suggests a fundamental proportionality between accretion rates and envelope masses. The linear dependency implies that the timescale for accretion is similar for high- and low-mass stars. Conclusions: The existence of strong outflows driven by high-mass cores in Cygnus X clearly indicates that high-mass Class 0 protostars exist. The collapsing envelopes of these Class 0 objects have similar sizes and a similar fragmentation scale to the low-mass equivalents, and have enough mass to directly form high-mass stars from a monolithic collapse. If the pre-collapse evolution is quasi-static, the fragmentation scale is expected to limit the size of the initial mass reservoirs for all masses leading to higher densities at birth and therefore shorter free-fall times for higher mass stars. However, we find the collapse timescales to be similar for both low- and high-mass objects. This implies that in a quasi-static view, we would require significant turbulent/magnetic support to slow down the collapse of the more massive envelopes. But with this support still to be discovered, and based on independent indications of large dynamics in pre-collapse gas for high-mass star formation, we propose that such an identical collapse timescale implies that the initial densities, which should set the duration of the collapse, should be similar for all masses. Since the fragmentation scale is identical for all masses, a lower initial density requires that the mass that incorporates massive stars has to have been accreted from larger scales than those of low-mass stars and in a dynamical way. Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Duarte-Cabral, A.; Bontemps, S.; Motte, F.; Hennemann, M.; Schneider, N.; André, Ph.

2013-10-01

222

Search for new physics using high-mass tau pairs from 1.96 TeV pp collisions.  

PubMed

We present the results of a search for anomalous resonant production of tau lepton pairs with large invariant mass, the first such search using the CDF II Detector in Run II of the Tevatron pp collider. Such anomalous production could arise from various new physics processes. In a data sample corresponding to 195 pb(-1) of integrated luminosity we predict 2.8+/-0.5 events from standard model background processes and observe 4. We use this result to set limits on the production of heavy scalar and vector particles decaying to tau lepton pairs. PMID:16197130

Acosta, D; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arisawa, T; Arguin, J-F; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Bacchetta, N; Bachacou, H; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barker, G J; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bishai, M; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Bloom, K; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Bourov, S; Brau, B; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Casarsa, M; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chapman, J; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chuang, S; Chung, K; Chung, W-H; Chung, Y S; Cijliak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A G; Clark, D; Coca, M; Connolly, A; Convery, M; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cranshaw, J; Cuevas, J; Cruz, A; Culbertson, R; Currat, C; Cyr, D; Dagenhart, D; Da Ronco, S; D'Auria, S; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; Dell'orso, M; Demers, S; Demortier, L; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Devlin, T; Dionisi, C; Dittmann, J R; Dituro, P; Dörr, C; Dominguez, A; Donati, S; Donega, M; Donini, J; D'Onofrio, M; Dorigo, T; Ebina, K; Efron, J; Ehlers, J; Erbacher, R; Erdmann, M; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H-C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R D; Flanagan, G; Flores-Castillo, L R; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Fujii, Y; Furic, I; Gajjar, A; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia-Sciveres, M; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D W; Gerchtein, E; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C; Giolo, K; Giordani, M; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, D; Goldstein, J; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Gotra, Y; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartmann, F; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Hayward, H; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Hennecke, M; Herndon, M; Hill, C; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hoffman, K D; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M A; Huffman, B T; Huang, Y; Hughes, R E; Huston, J; Ikado, K; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Issever, C; Ivanov, A; Iwata, Y; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T; Kamon, T; Kang, J; Unel, M Karagoz; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, M S; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kirby, M; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, H; Kong, D J; Kondo, K; Konigsberg, J; Kordas, K; Korn, A; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreymer, A; Kroll, J; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhlmann, S E; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; Lecci, C; Lecompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Li, K; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Liss, T M; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Liu, Y; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Macqueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Maksimovic, P; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McGivern, D; McIntyre, P M; McNamara, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, L; Miller, R; Miller, J S; Mills, C; Miquel, R; Miscetti, S; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Fernandez, P A Movilla; Muelmenstaedt, J; Mukherjee, A; Mulhearn, M; Muller, T; Mumford, R; Munar, A; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Nahn, S; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Napora, R; Naumov, D; Necula, V; Nielsen, J; Nelson, T; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Ogawa, T; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Ohsugi, T; Okusawa, T; Oldeman, R; Orava, R; Orejudos, W; Osterberg, K; Pagliarone, C

2005-09-23

223

Seal Out Tooth Decay  

MedlinePLUS

... Home > OralHealth > Topics > Tooth Decay (Caries) Seal Out Tooth Decay What are dental sealants? How are sealants put ... fix decayed teeth. Back to Top What causes tooth decay? Germs in the mouth use the sugar in ...

224

Custodial leptons and Higgs decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the effects of extended fermion sectors, respecting custodial symmetry, on Higgs production and decay. The resulting protection for the Z ? b L b L and Z ? ? R ? R decays allows for potentially interesting signals in Higgs physics, while maintaining the good agreement of the Standard Model with precision tests, without significant fine-tuning. Although being viable setups on their own, the models we study can particularly be motivated as the low energy effective theories of the composite Higgs models MCHM5 and MCHM10 or the corresponding gauge-Higgs unification models. The spectra can be identified with the light custodians present in these theories. These have the potential to describe the relevant physics in their fermion sectors in a simplified and transparent way. In contrast to previous studies of composite models, we consider the impact of a realistic lepton sector on the Higgs decays. We find significant modifications in the decays to ? leptons and photons due to the new leptonic resonances. While from a pure low energy perspective an enhancement of the channel pp ? h ? ?? turns out to be possible, if one considers constraints on the parameters from the full structure of the composite models, the decay mode into photons is always reduced. We also demonstrate that taking into account the non-linearity of the Higgs sector does not change the qualitative picture for the decays into ? leptons or photons in the case of the dominant Higgs production mechanism.

Carmona, Adrián; Goertz, Florian

2013-04-01

225

Search for Lepton Flavor Violating Decays of a Heavy Neutral Particle in pp¯ Collisions at (s)=1.8 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a search for a high mass, narrow width particle that decays directly to emu, etau, or mutau. We use approximately 110 pb-1 of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab from 1992 to 1995. No evidence of lepton flavor violating decays is found. Limits are set on the production and decay of sneutrinos with R-parity violating

D. Acosta; T. Affolder; H. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; D. Amidei; K. Anikeev; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; T. Asakawa; W. Ashmanskas; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; S. Bailey; P. de Barbaro; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; M. Barone; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; W. H. Bell; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; J. Bensinger; A. Beretvas; J. Berryhill; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; S. R. Blusk; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; Y. Bonushkin; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Brandl; C. Bromberg; M. Brozovic; E. Brubaker; N. Bruner; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; P. Calafiura; M. Campbell; W. Carithers; J. Carlson; D. Carlsmith; W. Caskey; A. Castro; D. Cauz; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; A. W. Chan; P. S. Chang; P. T. Chang; J. Chapman; C. Chen; Y. C. Chen; M.-T. Cheng; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; I. Chirikov-Zorin; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; L. Christofek; M. L. Chu; J. Y. Chung; W.-H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; C. I. Ciobanu; A. G. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. Convery; J. Conway; M. Cordelli; J. Cranshaw; R. Culbertson; D. Dagenhart; S. D'Auria; S. de Cecco; F. Dejongh; S. dell'Agnello; M. dell'Orso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; D. De Pedis; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; C. Dionisi; J. R. Dittmann; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. D'Onofrio; T. Dorigo; N. Eddy; K. Einsweiler; E. Engels; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; Q. Fan; S. Farrington; R. G. Feild; J. P. Fernandez; C. Ferretti; R. D. Field; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; L. R. Flores-Castillo; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. Freeman; J. Friedman; Y. Fukui; I. Furic; S. Galeotti; A. Gallas; M. Gallinaro; T. Gao; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Gatti; C. Gay; D. W. Gerdes; E. Gerstein; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; M. Goncharov; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; C. Green; A. Gresele; G. Grim; C. Grosso-Pilcher; M. Guenther; G. Guillian; J. Guimaraes da Costa; R. M. Haas; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; C. Hall; T. Handa; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; A. D. Hardman; R. M. Harris; F. Hartmann; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; J. Heinrich; A. Heiss; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; C. Hill; A. Hocker; K. D. Hoffman; R. Hollebeek; L. Holloway; S. Hou; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Huth; H. Ikeda; C. Issever; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; J. Iwai; Y. Iwata; B. Iyutin; E. James; M. Jones; U. Joshi; H. Kambara; T. Kamon; T. Kaneko; J. Kang; M. Karagoz Unel; K. Karr; S. Kartal; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; T. A. Keaffaber; K. Kelley; M. Kelly; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; D. Khazins; T. Kikuchi; B. Kilminster; B. J. Kim; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; T. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; M. Kirk; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; A. Korn; A. Korytov; K. Kotelnikov; E. Kovacs; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; K. Kurino; T. Kuwabara; N. Kuznetsova; A. T. Laasanen; N. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; J. Lancaster; K. Lannon; M. Lancaster; R. Lander; A. Lath; G. Latino; T. Lecompte; Y. Le; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. S. Lin; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; J. B. Liu; T. Liu; Y. C. Liu; D. O. Litvintsev; O. Lobban; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; J. Loken; M. Loreti; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; S. Lusin; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; L. Malferrari; M. Mangano; G. Manca; M. Mariotti; G. Martignon; M. Martin; A. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; J. A. Matthews; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; M. Menguzzato; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Meyer; T. Miao; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; H. Minato; S. Miscetti; M. Mishina; G. Mitselmakher; Y. Miyazaki; N. Moggi; E. Moore; R. Moore; Y. Morita; T. Moulik; M. Mulhearn; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; A. Munar; P. Murat; S. Murgia; J. Nachtman; V. Nagaslaev; S. Nahn; H. Nakada; I. Nakano; R. Napora; F. Niell; C. Nelson; T. Nelson; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; D. Neuberger; C. Newman-Holmes; C.-Y. P. Ngan; T. Nigmanov; H. Niu; L. Nodulman; A. Nomerotski; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; T. Ohmoto; T. Ohsugi; R. Oishi; T. Okusawa; J. Olsen; W. Orejudos; C. Pagliarone; F. Palmonari; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; D. Partos; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; T. Pauly; C. Paus; D. Pellett; A. Penzo; L. Pescara; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; J. Piedra; K. T. Pitts; A. Pompos; L. Pondrom; G. Pope; T. Pratt; F. Prokoshin; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; O. Pukhov; G. Punzi; J. Rademacker; A. Rakitine; F. Ratnikov; H. Ray; D. Reher; A. Reichold; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; A. Ribon; W. Riegler; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; M. Riveline; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; L. Rosenson; R. Roser

2003-01-01

226

Search for lepton flavor violating decays of a heavy neutral particle in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.8 TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a search for a high mass, narrow width particle that decays directly to emu, etau, or mutau. We use approximately 110 pb(-1) of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab from 1992 to 1995. No evidence of lepton flavor violating decays is found. Limits are set on the production and decay of sneutrinos with R-parity violating

D. Acosta; T. Affolder; H. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; D. Amidei; K. Anikeev; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; T. Asakawa; W. Ashmanskas; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; S. Bailey; P. de Barbaro; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; M. Barone; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; W. H. Bell; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; J. Bensinger; A. Beretvas; J. Berryhill; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; S. R. Blusk; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; Y. Bonushkin; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Brandl; C. Bromberg; M. Brozovic; E. Brubaker; N. Bruner; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; P. Calafiura; M. Campbell; W. Carithers; J. Carlson; D. Carlsmith; W. Caskey; A. Castro; D. Cauz; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; A. W. Chan; P. S. Chang; J. Chapman; C. Chen; Y. C. Chen; M. T. Cheng; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; I. Chirikov-Zorin; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; L. Christofek; M. L. Chu; J. Y. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; C. I. Ciobanu; A. G. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. Convery; J. Conway; M. Cordelli; J. Cranshaw; R. Culbertson; D. Dagenhart; S. DAuria; S. De Cecco; F. DeJongh; S. DellAgnello; M. DellOrso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; D. D. Pedis; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; C. Dionisi; J. R. Dittmann; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. DOnofrio; T. Dorigo; N. Eddy; K. Einsweiler; E. Engels; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; Q. Fan; S. Farrington; R. G. Feild; J. P. Fernandez; C. Ferretti; R. D. Field; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; L. R. Flores-Castillo; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. Freeman; J. Friedman; Y. Fukui; I. Furic; S. Galeotti; A. Gallas; M. Gallinaro; T. Gao; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Gatti; C. Gay; D. W. Gerdes; E. Gerstein; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; M. Goncharov; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; C. Green; A. Gresele; G. Grim; C. Grosso-Pilcher; M. Guenther; G. Guillian; J. G. da Costa; R. M. Haas; C. Haber; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; C. Hall; T. Handa; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; A. D. Hardman; R. M. Harris; F. Hartmann; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; J. Heinrich; A. Heiss; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; C. Hill; A. Hocker; K. D. Hoffman; R. Hollebeek; L. Holloway; S. Hou; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Huth; H. Ikeda; C. Issever; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; J. Iwai; Y. Iwata; B. Iyutin; E. James; M. Jones; U. Joshi; H. Kambara; T. Kamon; T. Kaneko; J. Kang; M. K. Unel; K. Karr; S. Kartal; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; T. A. Keaffaber; K. Kelley; M. Kelly; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; D. Khazins; T. Kikuchi; B. Kilminster; B. J. Kim; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; T. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; M. Kirk; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; A. Korn; A. Korytov; K. Kotelnikov; E. Kovacs; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; K. Kurino; T. Kuwabara; N. Kuznetsova; A. T. Laasanen; N. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; J. Lancaster; K. Lannon; M. Lancaster; R. Lander; A. Lath; G. Latino; T. LeCompte; Y. Le; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. S. Lin; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; J. B. Liu; T. Liu; Y. C. Liu; D. O. Litvintsev; O. Lobban; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; J. Loken; M. Loreti; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; S. Lusin; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; L. Malferrari; M. Mangano; G. Manca; M. Mariotti; G. Martignon; M. Martin; A. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martinez; J. A. J. Matthews; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; M. Menguzzato; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Meyer; T. Miao; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; H. Minato; S. Miscetti; M. Mishina; G. Mitselmakher; Y. Miyazaki; N. Moggi; E. Moore; R. Moore; Y. Morita; T. Moulik; M. Mulhearn; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; A. Munar; P. Murat; S. Murgia; J. Nachtman; V. Nagaslaev; S. Nahn; H. Nakada; I. Nakano; R. Napora; F. Niell; C. Nelson; T. Nelson; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; D. Neuberger; C. Newman-Holmes; C. Y. P. Ngan; T. Nigmanov; H. Niu; L. Nodulman; A. Nomerotski; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; T. Ohmoto; T. Ohsugi; R. Oishi; T. Okusawa; J. Olsen; W. Orejudos; C. Pagliarone; F. Palmonari; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; D. Partos; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; T. Pauly; C. Paus; D. Pellett; A. Penzo; L. Pescara; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; J. Piedra; K. T. Pitts; A. Pompos; L. Pondrom; G. Pope; T. Pratt; F. Prokoshin; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; O. Pukhov; G. Punzi; J. Rademacker; A. Rakitine; F. Ratnikov; H. Ray; D. Reher; A. Reichold; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; A. Ribon; W. Riegler; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; M. Riveline; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; L. Rosenson; R. Roser; R. Rossin; C. Rott; A. Roy; A. Ruiz

2003-01-01

227

Vibrationally resolved decay width of interatomic Coulombic decay in HeNe.  

PubMed

We investigate the ionization of HeNe from below the He 1s3p excitation to the He ionization threshold. We observe HeNe+ ions with an enhancement by more than a factor of 60 when the He side couples resonantly to the radiation field. These ions are an experimental proof of a two-center resonant photoionization mechanism predicted by Najjari et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153002 (2010)]. Furthermore, our data provide electronic and vibrational state resolved decay widths of interatomic Coulombic decay in HeNe dimers. We find that the interatomic Coulombic decay lifetime strongly increases with increasing vibrational state. PMID:24476268

Trinter, F; Williams, J B; Weller, M; Waitz, M; Pitzer, M; Voigtsberger, J; Schober, C; Kastirke, G; Müller, C; Goihl, C; Burzynski, P; Wiegandt, F; Wallauer, R; Kalinin, A; Schmidt, L Ph H; Schöffler, M S; Chiang, Y-C; Gokhberg, K; Jahnke, T; Dörner, R

2013-12-01

228

Basics of Resonance Chiral Theory  

SciTech Connect

We review the main components that have to be considered, within Resonance Chiral Theory, in the study of processes whose dynamics is dominated by hadron resonances. We show its application in the study of the {tau}{yields}{pi}{pi}{pi}{nu}{sub {tau}} decay.

Portoles, J. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, IFIC, CSIC-Universitat de Valencia, Edifici d'Instituts de Paterna, Apt. Correus 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2010-12-28

229

HIGH-MASS STAR FORMATION IN THE NEAR AND FAR 3 kpc ARMS  

SciTech Connect

We report on the presence of 6.7 GHz methanol masers, known tracers of high-mass star formation, in the 3 kpc arms of the inner Galaxy. We present 49 detections from the Methanol Multibeam Survey, the largest Galactic plane survey for 6.7 GHz methanol masers, which coincide in longitude, latitude, and velocity with the recently discovered far-side 3 kpc arm and the well-known near-side 3 kpc arm. The presence of these masers is significant evidence for high-mass star formation actively occurring in both 3 kpc arms.

Green, J. A.; McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; Caswell, J. L.; Voronkov, M. A. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Ellingsen, S. P. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 37, Hobart, TAS 7001 (Australia); Fuller, G. A.; Quinn, L. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2009-05-10

230

High resolution spectroscopy of X-ray emission from high mass X-ray binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article briefly reviews first the progress of spectroscopy in X-ray astronomy from proportional counters, a major instrument in early phase of X-ray astronomy, to gas scintillation proportional counters, X-ray CCD cameras, transmission and reflection gratings, and finally to X-ray micro-calorimeters. As a typical example of spectral features observed from high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), the spectra observed from Vela X-1 with Chandra grating spectrometers are then presented and compared with computer simulations for high mass binary systems.

Nagase, F.; Watanabe, S.

2006-01-01

231

Search for narrow resonances in dilepton mass spectra in pp collisions at ?{s}=7 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for narrow, high-mass resonances decaying to electron or muon pairs has been performed using pp collision data collected at ?{s}=7 TeV by the CMS experiment in 2011. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of approximately 5 fb-1. The event yields observed in the signal regions are consistent with predictions of the standard model backgrounds, and upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for a resonance decaying to dileptons are extracted from a shape analysis of the dilepton invariant mass distribution. The resulting mass limits at 95% confidence level are 2330 GeV for the Z? in the Sequential Standard Model, 2000 GeV for the superstring-inspired Z?? resonance, 890 (540) GeV for the Stueckelberg extension ZSt? with the mass parameter ?=0.06 (0.04), and 2140 (1810) GeV for Kaluza-Klein gravitons with the coupling parameter k/M of 0.10 (0.05). These limits are the most stringent to date.

Chatrchyan, S.; Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hammer, J.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Pernicka, M.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, C.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Wagner, P.; Waltenberger, W.; Walzel, G.; Widl, E.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Luyckx, S.; Maes, T.; Mucibello, L.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Selvaggi, M.; Staykova, Z.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Gonzalez Suarez, R.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Charaf, O.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dero, V.; Gay, A. P. R.; Hreus, T.; Léonard, A.; Marage, P. E.; Reis, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Garcia, G.; Grunewald, M.; Klein, B.; Lellouch, J.; Marinov, A.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Vanelderen, L.; Verwilligen, P.; Walsh, S.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Militaru, O.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Schul, N.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Correa Martins Junior, M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; Martins, T.; Pol, M. E.; Souza, M. H. G.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Oguri, V.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santoro, A.; Silva Do Amaral, S. M.; Soares Jorge, L.; Sznajder, A.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Lagana, C.; Marinho, F.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Trayanov, R.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Meng, X.; Tao, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Xiao, H.; Xu, M.; Zang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, S.; Guo, Y.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Teng, H.; Wang, S.; Zhu, B.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Osorio Oliveros, A. F.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Plestina, R.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Duric, S.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Morovic, S.; Attikis, A.; Galanti, M.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Khalil, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Müntel, M.; Raidal, M.; Rebane, L.; Tiko, A.; Azzolini, V.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Heikkinen, A.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Ungaro, D.; Wendland, L.; Banzuzi, K.; Korpela, A.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Choudhury, S.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Millischer, L.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Shreyber, I.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Benhabib, L.; Bianchini, L.; Bluj, M.; Broutin, C.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Daci, N.; Dahms, T.; Dobrzynski, L.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Haguenauer, M.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Sabes, D.; Salerno, R.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Bloch, D.; Bodin, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Cardaci, M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Drouhin, F.; Ferro, C.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Juillot, P.; Karim, M.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Fassi, F.; Mercier, D.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Bondu, O.; Boudoul, G.; Brun, H.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Sordini, V.; Tosi, S.; Tschudi, Y.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Anagnostou, G.; Beranek, S.; Edelhoff, M.; Feld, L.; Heracleous, N.; Hindrichs, O.; Jussen, R.; Klein, K.; Merz, J.

2012-08-01

232

The earliest phases of high-mass star formation: the NGC 6334-NGC 6357 complex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Our knowledge of high-mass star formation has been mainly based on follow-up studies of bright sources found by IRAS, and has thus been incomplete for its earliest phases, which are inconspicuous at infrared wavelengths. With a new generation of powerful bolometer arrays, unbiased large-scale surveys of nearby high-mass star-forming complexes now search for the high-mass analog of low-mass cores and class 0 protostars. Aims: Following the pioneering study of Cygnus X, we investigate the star-forming region NGC 6334-NGC 6357 (~1.7 kpc). Methods: We study the complex NGC 6334-NGC 6357 in an homogeneous way following the previous work of Motte and collaborators. We used the same method to extract the densest cores which are the most likely sites for high-mass star formation. We analyzed the SIMBA/SEST 1.2 mm data presented in Munoz and coworkers, which covers all high-column density areas (A v ? 15 mag) of the NGC 6334-NGC 6357 complex and extracted dense cores following the method used for Cygnus X. We constrain the properties of the most massive dense cores (M > 100 M_?) using new molecular line observations (as SiO, N2H+,H13CO+, HCO+ (1-0) and CH3CN) with Mopra and a complete cross-correlation with infrared databases (MSX, GLIMPSE, MIPSGAL) and literature. Results: We extracted 163 massive dense cores of which 16 are more massive than 200 M_?. These high-mass dense cores have a typical FWHM size of 0.37 pc, an average mass of M ~ 600 M_?, and a volume-averaged density of ~ 1.5 × 105 cm-3. Among these massive dense cores, 6 are good candidates for hosting high-mass infrared-quiet protostars, 9 cores are classified as high-luminosity infrared protostars, and we find only one high-mass starless clump (~0.3 pc, ~ 4 × 104 cm-3) that is gravitationally bound. Conclusions: Since our sample is derived from a single molecular complex and covers every embedded phase of high-mass star formation, it provides a statistical estimate of the lifetime of massive stars. In contrast to what is found for low-mass class 0 and class I phases, the infrared-quiet protostellar phase of high-mass stars may last as long as their more well known high-luminosity infrared phase. As in Cygnus X, the statistical lifetime of high-mass protostars is shorter than found for nearby, low-mass star-forming regions which implies that high-mass pre-stellar and protostellar cores are in a dynamic state, as expected in a molecular cloud where turbulent and/or dynamical processes dominate. Based on observations made with Mopra telescope. The Mopra telescope is part of the Australia Telescope which is funded by the Commonwealth of Australia for operation as a National Facility managed by CSIRO.Table 1 and Appendix are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.orgProfiles as FITS files are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/515/A55

Russeil, D.; Zavagno, A.; Motte, F.; Schneider, N.; Bontemps, S.; Walsh, A. J.

2010-06-01

233

Inclusive decay B>etaX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data samples taken at the Upsilon(4S) resonance and nearby continuum e+e- annihilation with the CLEO-II detector at CESR, we have measured the inclusive branching fraction B(B-->etaX)=(17.6+\\/-1.1+\\/-1.2)%, and the momentum distribution of the eta mesons from B meson decay. The eta yield cannot be explained as arising solely from the decay of intermediate charmed mesons.

Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; M. Momayezi; J. K. Nelson; S. Patton; R. Poling; V. Savinov; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; Z. Ling; A. H. Mahmood; J. J. O'neill; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; F. Wappler; G. Crawford; C. M. Daubenmier; R. Fulton; D. Fujino; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; M. Sung; C. White; A. Wolf; M. M. Zoeller; F. Butler; X. Fu; B. Nemati; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; M. Wood; M. Bishai; J. Fast; E. Gerndt; J. W. Hinson; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; D. Payne; E. I. Shibata; I. P. Shipsey; P. N. Wang; M. Battle; J. Ernst; L. Gibbons; Y. Kwon; S. Roberts; E. H. Thorndike; C. H. Wang; J. Dominick; M. Lambrecht; S. Sanghera; V. Shelkov; T. Skwarnicki; R. Stroynowski; I. Volobouev; G. Wei; P. Zadorozhny; M. Artuso; M. Gao; M. Goldberg; D. He; N. Horwitz; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; Y. Mukhin; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; S. Stone; X. Xing; G. Zhu; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain; D. Gibaut; K. Kinoshita; P. Pomianowski; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; C. O'grady; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; M. Athanas; W. Brower; G. Masek; H. P. Paar; J. Gronberg; C. M. Korte; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; S. Nakanishi; H. N. Nelson; T. K. Nelson; C. Qiao; J. D. Richman; A. Ryd; D. Sperka; H. Tajima; M. S. Witherell; R. Balest; K. Cho; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith; J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; K. Bloom; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; D. S. Crowcroft; P. S. Drell; D. J. Dumas; R. Ehrlich; P. Gaidarev; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; S. Henderson; C. D. Jones; S. L. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; S. Salman; M. Sapper; F. Würthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; S. Yang; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; T. Liu; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; T. Bergfeld; B. I. Eisenstein; G. Gollin; B. Ong; M. Palmer; M. Selen; J. J. Thaler; K. W. Edwards; M. Ogg; A. Bellerive; D. I. Britton; E. R. Hyatt; D. B. Macfarlane; P. M. Patel; B. Spaan; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; P. Baringer; A. Bean; D. Besson; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; S. Kotov; I. Kravchenko; N. Kwak; H. Lam

1996-01-01

234

Radiative decays of dynamically generated charmed baryons  

SciTech Connect

In this work we study the radiative decay of dynamically generated J{sup P}=(1{sup -}/2) charm baryons into the ground state J{sup P}=(1{sup +}/2) baryons. Since different theoretical interpretations of these baryonic resonances and, in particular, of the {Lambda}{sub c}(2595), give different predictions, a precise experimental measurement of these decays would be an important step for understanding their nature.

Gamermann, D.; Jimenez-Tejero, C. E.; Ramos, A. [Departament d'Estructura i Constituents de la Materia and Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda. Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)

2011-04-01

235

Threshold enhancement phenomena in Y(4260) decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate several strong and radiative decay modes of Y(4260), by assuming that Y(4260) either is a D1\\bar {D} molecular state, or has sizeable couplings with D0 \\bar {D}* and D1' \\bar {D}. In such ansatzes, obvious threshold enhancements or narrow cusp structures appear quite naturally without introducing a genuine resonance. And we emphasize that the radiative decay modes may be useful for studying D(*)\\bar {D}S-wave scattering.

Liu, Xiao-Hai

2014-04-01

236

Long-Term Behaviour of High Mass X-Ray Binaries in the SMC  

Microsoft Academic Search

High Mass X-ray Binary (HMXB) systems involving a neutron star orbiting a young, massive star frequently become sources of pulsed X-radiation when the neutron star accretes material from its companion during part, or all of its orbit. There are over 100 such systems currently known, with over one third of them located in the Small Magellanic Cloud, which makes the

J. L. Galache; R. H. D. Corbet; S. Laycock; M. J. Coe; W. R. T. Edge; C. B. Markwardt; F. E. Marshall

2004-01-01

237

Production of hadrons and leptons at high p/sub t/ and pairs at high mass  

SciTech Connect

The experiment reported extends to higher beam energy the measurements of high-p/sub t/ particle production and high-mass pair production in N-N collisions, with improved resolution, particle identification, and luminosity. Besides addressing quantum chromodynamics issues, limits are set on the mass and lifetime of the axion. 25 refs., 19 figs. (LEW)

Kaplan, D.M.

1986-01-01

238

The magnetic field structure in high-mass star formation regions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a preliminary analysis of far-IR polarimetric observations, which were made to study the magnetic field structure in the high-mass star formation regions of M42, NGC2024, and W3. These observations were made from the Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO), using the University of Chicago far-IR polarimeter, Stokes.

Davidson, Jacqueline A.; Schleuning, D.; Dotson, J. L.; Dowell, C. Darren; Hildebrand, Roger H.

1995-01-01

239

Selected strong decay modes of Y(4260)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present work the Y(4260) resonance is considered as a weakly bound state of a pseudoscalar D and an axial D1 charm meson. We consider the two-body decay Y(4260)?Zc(3900)±+??, where Zc(3900)± is treated as hadron molecule as well. Moreover we compute the Y(4260) decay modes J/??+?-, recently observed by the BESIII Collaboration, and ?(2S)?+?-. In the last process both the contact diagram with DD1??(nS)?+?- and the resonance diagram with DD1?Zc(3900)±+????(nS)?+?- are taken into account.

Dong, Yubing; Faessler, Amand; Gutsche, Thomas; Lyubovitskij, Valery E.

2014-02-01

240

The inverse resonance problem for CMV operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the class of CMV operators with super-exponentially decaying Verblunsky coefficients. For these we define the concept of a resonance. Then we prove the existence of Jost solutions and a uniqueness theorem for the inverse resonance problem: given the location of all resonances, taking multiplicities into account, the Verblunsky coefficients are uniquely determined.

Weikard, Rudi; Zinchenko, Maxim

2010-05-01

241

Extremely long decay time optical cavity.  

PubMed

We report on the resonant Fabry Perot cavity of the PVLAS (Polarization of the Vacuum with LASer) experiment operating at ? = 1064 nm with a record decay time of 2.7 ms, a factor more than two larger than any previously reported optical resonator. This corresponds to a coherence length of 8.1 · 105 m. The cavity length is 3.303 m, and the resulting finesse is 770 000. PMID:24921277

Della Valle, F; Milotti, E; Ejlli, A; Gastaldi, U; Messineo, G; Piemontese, L; Zavattini, G; Pengo, R; Ruoso, G

2014-05-19

242

Electroelastic Effects and Impurity Relaxation in Quartz Resonators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application of an electric DC field on a quartz crystal resonator induces a fast variation of the resonance frequency followed by a slow quasiexponential decay typical of ionic impurity relaxation (J. Kusters, FCS 1970). The frequency variation under ...

R. Brendel J. J. Gagnepain

1982-01-01

243

decays revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revisit the determination of ? S (m {/? 2}) using a fit to inclusive ? hadronic spectral moments in light of (1) the recent calculation of the fourth-order perturbative coefficient K 4 in the expansion of the Adler function, (2) new precision measurements from BABAR of e+e- annihilation cross sections, which decrease the uncertainty in the separation of vector and axial-vector spectral functions, and (3) improved results from BABAR and Belle on ? branching fractions involving kaons. We estimate that the fourth-order perturbative prediction reduces the theoretical uncertainty, introduced by the truncation of the series, by 20% with respect to earlier determinations. We discuss to some detail the perturbative prediction of two different methods: fixed-order perturbation theory (FOPT) and contour-improved perturbative theory (CIPT). The corresponding theoretical uncertainties are studied at the ? and Z mass scales. The CIPT method is found to be more stable with respect to the missing higher order contributions and to renormalization scale variations. It is also shown that FOPT suffers from convergence problems along the complex integration contour. Nonperturbative contributions extracted from the most inclusive fit are small, in agreement with earlier determinations. Systematic effects from quark-hadron duality violation are estimated with simple models and found to be within the quoted systematic errors. The fit based on CIPT gives ? S (m {/? 2})=0.344±0.005±0.007, where the first error is experimental and the second theoretical. After evolution to M Z we obtain ? S (M {/Z 2})=0.1212±0.0005±0.0008±0.0005, where the errors are respectively experimental, theoretical and due to the evolution. The result is in agreement with the corresponding N3LO value derived from essentially the Z width in the global electroweak fit. The ? S (M {/Z 2}) determination from ? decays is the most precise one to date.

Davier, M.; Descotes-Genon, S.; Höcker, A.; Malaescu, B.; Zhang, Z.

2008-08-01

244

Astrometric Observation of Methanol Masers: Determining Galactic Structure and Investigating High-Mass star formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary aim of this project is to use VLBI observations to measure accurate distances to and proper motions of 6.7 GHz methanol masers in the third and fourth quadrants of the Galaxy. These observations will allow us to improve our knowledge of the structure of the Galaxy and complements a similar study being done in the northern hemisphere looking at 12.2 GHz methanol masers in the first and second quadrants. The northern observations suggest high-mass star formation regions on average orbit the Galaxy 15 km/s more slowly than expected from circular orbit models and measure a circular rotation speed for the Sun of 254 km/s. These results are however, derived from limited data and remain controversial. More measurements of parallax and proper motion for high-mass star forming regions in the southern sky of the Milky Way are critical to better constrain and confirm these results.

Ellingsen, Simon; Caswell, James; Voronkov, Maxim; Dodson, Richard; Phillips, Chris; Green, James; Menten, Karl; Shen, Zhi-Qiang; Reid, Mark; Hachisuka, Kazuya; Goedhart, Sharmila; Walsh, Andrew; Brunthaler, Andreas; Chen, Xi; Fujisawa, Kenta; Rioja, Maria; Zhang, Bo; Xu, Ye; Zheng, Xingwu; Honma, Mareki

2010-04-01

245

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURE IN A HIGH-MASS OUTFLOW/DISK SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

To characterize the magnetic field structure of the outflow and core region within a prototypical high-mass star-forming region, we analyzed polarized CO(3-2)-for the first time observed with the Submillimeter Array-as well as 880 {mu}m submillimeter continuum emission from the high-mass outflow/disk system IRAS 18089-1732. Both emission features with polarization degrees at a few percent level indicate that the magnetic field structure is largely aligned with the outflow/jet orientation from small core scales to larger outflow scales. Although quantitative estimates are crude, the analysis indicates that turbulent energy dominates over magnetic energy. The data also suggest a magnetic field strength increase from the lower-density envelope to the higher-density core.

Beuther, H. [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Vlemmings, W. H. T. [Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, Auf dem Huegel 71, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Rao, R. [Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Van der Tak, F. F. S., E-mail: beuther@mpia.d, E-mail: wouter@astro.uni-bonn.d, E-mail: rrao@sma.hawaii.ed, E-mail: vdtak@sron.n [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen (Netherlands)

2010-11-20

246

The Subaru SEEDS Imaging Search for Exoplanets Around High-Mass Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a status report on the Subaru SEEDS sub-program to search for extra-solar planets around high-mass (mostly A-type) stars. We describe the early-type star target sample, observing procedures, and early results, including the discovery of a new exoplanet. SEEDS, the Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru, is a multi-year, direct-imaging survey to explore the link between planets and disks, and the evolution of protoplanetary systems and debris disks. It is an international project approved by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) and led by PI M. Tamura. The SEEDS team is comprised of over 25 institutes with more than 90 members participating. With first observations carried out in 2009, the high-mass star sub-program uses the Subaru 8-meter Telescope, a 188 actuator curvature AO system (AO188), and a near infrared imaging science camera (HiCIAO) to search for exoplanet signatures.

Kozakis, Thea; Stevens, L.; Carson, J.; Thalmann, C.; Janson, M.; Goto, M.; Henning, T.; Feldt, M.; McElwain, M. W.; Brandner, W.; Bonnefoy, M.; Biller, B. A.; Wong, P.; Kandori, R.; Tamura, M.; SEEDS Science Team; HiCIAO/AO188 Instrument Team

2013-01-01

247

High Mass Star Formation I: The Mass Distribution of Submillimeter Clumps in NGC 7538  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present submillimeter continuum maps at 450 and 850 microns of a 12 x 8\\u000aarcminute region of the NGC 7538 high-mass star-forming region, made using the\\u000aSubmillimeter Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell\\u000aTelescope. We used an automated clump-finding algorithm to identify 67 clumps\\u000ain the 450 micron image and 77 in the 850 micron image.

Michael A. Reid; Christine D. Wilson

2005-01-01

248

Ultra high mass-resolution for space exploration: the Orbitrap mass analyser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a new concept of space mass analyser that is lightweight, uses pulsed DC voltages, and provides ultra-high mass-resolving power capabilities (m/?m = 100,000 up to m/z 400). Such massresolving power allows ascribing exact mass to each detected species and therefore opens new opportunities for molecular characterisation, isotopic abundance evaluation, and more generally environmental characterization of the atmospheres and surfaces of planetary bodies.

Carrasco, N.; Szopa, C.; Chapuis, C.; Bouabdellah, A.; Thissen, R.; Cornelli, S.; Puget, P.; Briois, C.; Thirkell, L.; Boukrara, A.; Lebreton, J. P.; Cottin, H.; Grand, N.; Engrand, C.; Makarov, A.

2012-09-01

249

Spitzer IRAC and MIPS Observations toward High-mass Star Forming Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spitzer IRAC and MIPS observations toward high-mass star forming regions are presented. With the photometry from the IRAC and 2MASS, we derive the magnitude-color and color-color diagrams to investigate evolutionary stages of the YSOs in the fields. Toward sources well resolved in MIPS 24mum and\\/or 70mum, we fit their SEDs combining the (sub)mm data and subsequently estimate their total luminosities.

Keping Qiu; Q. Zhang; R. A. Gutermuth; T. S. Megeath; H. Beuther; T. K. Sridharan; D. S. Shepherd; L. Testi; C. G. De Pree

2006-01-01

250

Direct Observation of Circumstellar Clumps in High Mass X-Ray Binaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct observation of clumpy circumstellar material in high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) is proposed. We propose to observe the two HMXBs V420 Aur and LS 5039, based on our optical data obtained over the past four years. With precision time- series photometry from the post-cryo IRAC instrument we expect the following scientific return: (i) Characterization of the size and

Gordon Sarty; Zoltan Balog; Laszlo Kiss; Kinwah Wu

2009-01-01

251

Observation and implications of high mass-to-charge ratio ions from electrospray ionization mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

High mass-to-charge ratio ions (> 4000) from electrospray ionization (ESI) have been observed for several proteins, including\\u000a bovine cytochrome c (M\\u000a r 12,231) and porcine pepsin (M\\u000a r 34,584), by using a quadrupole mass spectrometer with an m\\/z 45,000 range. The ESI mass spectrum for cytochrome c in an aqueous solution gives a charge state distribution that ranges from 12

Brian E. Winger; Karen J. Light-Wahl; Rachel R. Ogorzalek Loo; Harold R. Udseth; Richard D. Smith

1993-01-01

252

High-mass-flux coal gasifier. Final report, Phase III. [Bill high mom flux  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the design, analysis, construction and test activities associated with bringing a short-residence-time, entrained-flow gasifier Process Development Unit (PDU) to operational status. The basis High Mass Flux (HMF) gasifier, incorporated in the PDU, operates at a coal through-put of twelve tons per day, a pressure of fifteen atmospheres and processes coal, oxygen and steam to produce a synthesis

A. J. Simpkin; L. N. Montanino; T. F. Reinhardt; T. M. Ferger

1981-01-01

253

Further properties of high-mass multijet events at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider  

Microsoft Academic Search

The properties of high-mass multijet events produced at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider are compared with leading order QCD matrix element predictions, QCD parton shower Monte Carlo predictions, and the predictions from a model in which events are distributed uniformly over the available multibody phase space. Multijet distributions corresponding to (4N-4) variables that span the N-body parameter space are found to

F. Abe; H. Akimoto; A. Akopian; M. G. Albrow; S. R. Amendolia; D. Amidei; J. Antos; C. Anway-Wiese; S. Aota; G. Apollinari; T. Asakawa; W. Ashmanskas; M. Atac; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; W. Badgett; S. Bagdasarov; M. W. Bailey; J. Bao; P. de Barbaro; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; E. Barzi; G. Bauer; T. Baumann; F. Bedeschi; S. Behrends; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; J. Benlloch; J. Bensinger; D. Benton; A. Beretvas; J. P. Berge; J. Berryhill; S. Bertolucci; A. Bhatti; K. Biery; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; A. Bodek; W. Bokhari; V. Bolognesi; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; L. Breccia; C. Bromberg; N. Bruner; E. Buckley-Geer; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; A. Byon-Wagner; K. L. Byrum; J. Cammerata; C. Campagnari; M. Campbell; A. Caner; W. Carithers; D. Carlsmith; A. Castro; D. Cauz; Y. Cen; F. Cervelli; P. S. Chang; H. Y. Chao; J. Chapman; M.-T. Cheng; G. Chiarelli; T. Chikamatsu; C. N. Chiou; L. Christofek; S. Cihangir; A. G. Clark; M. Cobal; M. Contreras; J. Conway; J. Cooper; M. Cordelli; C. Couyoumtzelis; D. Crane; D. Cronin-Hennessy; R. Culbertson; J. D. Cunningham; T. Daniels; F. Dejongh; S. Delchamps; S. dell'agnello; M. dell'orso; R. Demina; L. Demortier; B. Denby; M. Deninno; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; J. R. Dittmann; S. Donati; J. Done; T. Dorigo; A. Dunn; N. Eddy; K. Einsweiler; J. E. Elias; R. Ely; E. Jr. Engels; D. Errede; S. Errede; Q. Fan; I. Fiori; B. Flaugher; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; M. Frautschi; J. Freeman; J. Friedman; H. Frisch; T. A. Fuess; Y. Fukui; S. Funaki; G. Gagliardi; S. Galeotti; M. Gallinaro; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; S. Geer; D. W. Gerdes; P. Giannetti; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; L. Gladney; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; J. Gonzalez; A. Gordon; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; H. Grassmann; L. Groer; C. Grosso-Pilcher; G. Guillian; R. S. Guo; C. Haber; E. Hafen; S. R. Hahn; R. Handler; R. M. Hans; K. Hara; A. D. Hardman; B. Harral; R. M. Harris; S. A. Hauger; J. Hauser; C. Hawk; E. Hayashi; J. Heinrich; K. D. Hoffman; M. Hohlmann; C. Holck; R. Hollebeek; L. Holloway; A. Hölscher; S. Hong; G. Houk; P. Hu; B. T. Huffman; R. Hughes; J. Huston; J. Huth; J. Hylen; H. Ikeda; M. Incagli; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; J. Iwai; Y. Iwata; H. Jensen; U. Joshi; R. W. Kadel; E. Kajfasz; H. Kambara; T. Kamon; T. Kaneko; K. Karr; H. Kasha; Y. Kato; T. A. Keaffaber; L. Keeble; K. Kelley; R. D. Kennedy; R. Kephart; P. Kesten; D. Kestenbaum; R. M. Keup; H. Keutelian; F. Keyvan; B. Kharadia; B. J. Kim; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; L. Kirsch; P. Koehn; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; S. Kopp; K. Kordas; A. Korytov; W. Koska; E. Kovacs; W. Kowald; M. Krasberg; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuwabara; S. E. Kuhlmann; E. Kuns; A. T. Laasanen; N. Labanca; S. Lammel; J. I. Lamoureux; T. Lecompte; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; P. Limon; M. Lindgren; T. M. Liss; N. Lockyer; O. Long; C. Loomis; M. Loreti; J. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lukens; S. Lusin; J. Lys; K. Maeshima; A. Maghakian; P. Maksimovic; M. Mangano; J. Mansour; M. Mariotti; J. P. Marriner; A. Martin; J. A. Matthews; R. Mattingly; P. McIntyre; P. Melese; A. Menzione; E. Meschi; S. Metzler; C. Miao; T. Miao; G. Michail; R. Miller; H. Minato; S. Miscetti; M. Mishina; H. Mitsushio; T. Miyamoto; S. Miyashita; N. Moggi; Y. Morita; J. Mueller; A. Mukherjee; T. Muller; P. Murat; H. Nakada; I. Nakano; C. Nelson; D. Neuberger; C. Newman-Holmes; M. Ninomiya; L. Nodulman; S. H. Oh; K. E. Ohl; T. Ohmoto; T. Ohsugi; R. Oishi; M. Okabe; T. Okusawa; R. Oliveira; J. Olsen; C. Pagliarone; R. Paoletti; V. Papadimitriou; S. P. Pappas; A. Parri; J. Patrick; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; A. Perazzo; L. Pescara; M. D. Peters; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; M. Pillai; K. T. Pitts; R. Plunkett; L. Pondrom; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; K. Ragan; A. Ribon; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; W. J. Robertson; T. Rodrigo; S. Rolli; J. Romano; L. Rosenson; R. Roser; W. K. Sakumoto; D. Saltzberg; A. Sansoni; L. Santi; H. Sato; V. Scarpine; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; M. P. Schmidt; A. Scribano; S. Segler; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; G. Sganos; M. D. Shapiro; N. M. Shaw; Q. Shen; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; J. Siegrist; A. Sill; P. Sinervo; P. Singh; J. Skarha; K. Sliwa; F. D. Snider; T. Song; J. Spalding; T. Speer; P. Sphicas; F. Spinella; M. Spiropulu; L. Spiegel; L. Stanco; J. Steele; A. Stefanini; K. Strahl; J. Strait; R. Ströhmer; D. Stuart; G. Sullivan; A. Soumarokov; K. Sumorok; J. Suzuki; T. Takada; T. Takahashi; T. Takano; K. Takikawa; N. Tamura; F. Tartarelli; W. Taylor; P. K. Teng; Y. Teramoto; S. Tether; D. Theriot; T. L. Thomas; R. Thun; M. Timko; P. Tipton; A. Titov; S. Tkaczyk; D. Toback; K. Tollefson; A. Tollestrup; J. Tonnison; J. F. de Troconiz; S. Truitt; J. Tseng; N. Turini; T. Uchida; N. Uemura; F. Ukegawa; G. Unal; J. Valls; S. C. van den Brink; S. Vejcik

1996-01-01

254

Monte Carlo Simulator to Study High Mass X-ray Binary System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a Monte Carlo simulator for astrophysical objects, which incorporate the transportation of X-ray photons in photoionized plasma. We applied the code to X-ray spectra of high mass X-ray binaries, Vela X-1 and GX 301-2, obtained with Chandra HETGS. By utilizing the simulator, we have successfully reproduced many emission lines observed from Vela X-1. The ionization structure and

Shin Watanabe; Fumiaki Nagase; Tadayuki Takahashi; Masao Sako; Steve M. Kahn; Manabu Ishida; Yoshitaka Ishisaki; T. Kohmura; F. Paerels

2005-01-01

255

EMISSION MECHANISM OF 'GREEN FUZZIES' IN HIGH-MASS STAR-FORMING REGIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on the Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed that a number of high-mass protostars are associated with extended mid-infrared emission, particularly prominent at 4.5 {mu}m. These are called 'Green Fuzzy' emission or 'Extended Green Objects'. We present color analysis of this emission toward six nearby (d = 2-3 kpc) well-studied high-mass protostars and three candidate high-mass protostars identified with the Spitzer GLIMPSE survey. In our color-color diagrams, most of the sources show a positive correlation between the [3.6]-[4.5] and [3.5]-[5.8] colors along the extinction vector in all or part of the region. We compare the colors with those of scattered continuum associated with the low-mass protostar L 1527, modeled scattered continuum in cavities, shocked emission associated with low-mass protostars, modeled H{sub 2} emission for thermal and fluorescent cases, and modeled polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission. Of the emission mechanisms discussed above, scattered continuum provides the simplest explanation for the observed linear correlation. In this case, the color variation within each object is attributed to different foreground extinctions at different positions. Alternative possible emission mechanisms to explain this correlation may be a combination of thermal and fluorescent H{sub 2} emission in shocks, and a combination of scattered continuum and thermal H{sub 2} emission, but detailed models or spectroscopic follow-up are required to investigate this possibility further. Our color-color diagrams also show possible contributions from PAHs in two objects. However, none of our samples show clear evidence for PAH emission directly associated with the high-mass protostars, several of which should be associated with ionizing radiation. This suggests that these protostars are heavily embedded even at mid-infrared wavelengths.

Takami, Michihiro; Chen, How-Huan; Karr, Jennifer L.; Lee, Hsu-Tai [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lai, Shih-Ping [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Minh, Young-Chol, E-mail: hiro@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-03-20

256

Petroleomics Applications of Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry: Crude Oil and Bitumen Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultra-high mass resolving power and high mass accuracy of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) have been shown to be well suited for the characterization of highly complex mixtures. Petroleum mixtures, arguably the most complex on the planet, have been extensively characterized by FT-ICR MS. This new field of \\

Donald Francis Smith

2007-01-01

257

Cavity Resonators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The microwave cavity resonator may be used in the field of electron spin resonance spectroscopy for studying samples of paramagnetic materials which are supported within the resonator. The resonator passes a maximum amount of light through the walls to th...

E. L. Cochran

1965-01-01

258

The HOBYS Key Program: When Herschel links high-mass star formation to cloud structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With its unprecedented spatial resolution and high sensitivity in the far-infrared to submillimetre regime, {Herschel} is revolutionizing our understanding of star formation. The HOBYS key program is an {Herschel} mapping survey dedicated to the formation of OB-type stars (Motte, Zavagno, Bontemps et al. 2010; see {http://hobys-herschel.cea.fr}. HOBYS aims at 1) discovering and characterizing the progenitors of high-mass stars, 2) making the link between the latters and their filamentary background, and 3) assessing the importance of triggering. Among the HOBYS highlights is the discovery of ``mini-starburst ridges" defined as high-density dominating filaments supersonically contracting and efficiently forming clusters of high-mass stars. Their existence is predicted by dynamical models of cloud formation such as converging flows and is favoring a (high-mass) star formation scenario involving gas flows and global infall. The present star formation rate measured within these ridges is high enough for these 1-10 pc^2 regions to be considered as miniature and instantaneous models of extragalactic starbursts.

Motte, F.; Bontemps, S.; Hennemann, M.; Nguyen Luong, Q.; Schneider, N.; Didelon, P.; Zavagno, A.

2012-12-01

259

Multi-Auger Decay in Negative Ion Photodetachment  

SciTech Connect

Inner-shell photoexcitation and detachment experiments on He- and S- ions are discussed. In both systems, negative ion Feshbach resonances produced by excitation into the partially filled valence p orbital are observed to decay via many-electron processes, such as multi-Auger decay. Absolute cross sections, near-threshold behavior, and relative product channel strengths (branching ratios) are also discussed.

Bilodeau, R. C.; Turri, G. [Western Michigan University, Physics Department, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5151 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Advanced Light Source, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Bozek, J. D.; Ackerman, G. D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Advanced Light Source, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Gibson, N. D.; Walter, C. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Denison University, Granville, Ohio 43023 (United States); Aguilar, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Advanced Light Source, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); University of Nevada, Department of Physics, Reno, Nevada 89557-0058 (United States); Dumitriu, I.; Berrah, N. [Western Michigan University, Physics Department, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5151 (United States)

2006-01-09

260

Decay of B Mesons into Charged and Neutral Kaons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on inclusive kaon production in e+e- annihilations at energies in the vicinity of the Upsilon(4S) resonance are presented. A clear excess of kaons is observed on the Upsilon(4S) compared to the continuum. Under the assumption that the Upsilon(4S) decays into BB¯, a total of 3.38+\\/-0.34+\\/-0.68 kaons per Upsilon(4S) decay is found. In the context of the standard B-decay model

A. Brody; A. Chen; M. Goldberg; N. Horwitz; J. Kandaswamy; H. Kooy; G. C. Moneti; P. Pistilli; M. S. Alam; S. E. Csorna; A. Fridman; R. G. Hicks; R. S. Panvini; D. Andrews; P. Avery; K. Berkelman; R. Cabenda; D. G. Cassel; J. W. Dewire; R. Ehrlich; T. Ferguson; M. G. D. Gilchriese; B. Gittelman; D. L. Hartill; D. Herrup; M. Herzlinger; D. L. Kreinick; N. B. Mistry; F. Morrow; E. Nordberg; R. Perchonok; R. Plunkett; K. A. Shinsky; R. H. Siemann; A. Silverman; P. C. Stein; S. Stone; R. Talman; D. Weber; R. Wilcke; A. J. Sadoff; C. Bebek; J. Haggerty; M. Hempstead; J. M. Izen; C. Longuemare; W. A. Loomis; W. W. Mackay; F. M. Pipkin; J. Rohlf; W. Tanenbaum; Richard Wilson; K. Chadwick; J. Chauveau; P. Ganci; T. Gentile; H. Kagan; R. Kass; A. C. Melissinos; S. L. Olsen; R. Poling; C. Rosenfeld; G. Rucinski; E. H. Thorndike; J. Green; J. J. Mueller; F. Sannes; P. Skubic; A. Snyder; R. Stone

1982-01-01

261

Proton decay theory  

SciTech Connect

Topics include minimal SU(5) predictions, gauge boson mediated proton decay, uncertainties in tau/sub p/, Higgs scalar effects, proton decay via Higgs scalars, supersymmetric SU(5), dimension 5 operators and proton decay, and Higgs scalars and proton decay. (WHK)

Marciano, W.J.

1983-01-01

262

Stochastic Resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; 1. Introduction and motivation; 2. Stochastic resonance: its definitions, history and debates; 3. Stochastic quantization; 4. Suprathreshold stochastic resonance: encoding; 5. Suprathreshold stochastic resonance: large N encoding; 6. Suprathreshold stochastic resonance: decoding; 7. Suprathreshold stochastic resonance: large N decoding; 8. Optimal stochastic quantization; 9. SSR, neural coding, and performance tradeoffs; 10. Stochastic resonance in the auditory system; 11. The future of stochastic resonance and suprathreshold stochastic resonance; Appendices; References; Index.

McDonnell, Mark D.; Stocks, Nigel G.; Pearce, Charles E. M.; Abbott, Derek

2012-10-01

263

Hyperon Resonance Photoproduction at CLAS  

SciTech Connect

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jeffersonnext term Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the ?(1405) resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the Sigma (1385) resonance; data from Klow asterisk photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported K0(800) meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

K. Hicks, D. Keller, W. Tang

2011-02-01

264

Electromagnetic production of hyperon resonances  

SciTech Connect

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the {Lambda}(1405) resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the {Sigma}(1385) resonance; data from K* photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported K{sub 0}(800) meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

Hicks, K.; Keller, D.; Tang, W. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens OH 45701 (United States)

2011-10-24

265

Electromagnetic production of hyperon resonances  

SciTech Connect

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the {Lambda}(1405) resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the {Sigma}(1385) resonance; data from K* photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported K{sub 0}(800)$ meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

K. Hicks, D. Keller, W. Tang

2011-10-01

266

Spectral functions from hadronic ? decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hadronic decays of the ? lepton provide a clean environment to study hadron dynamics in an energy regime dominated by resonances, with the interesting information captured in the spectral functions. Recent results on exclusive channels are reviewed. Inclusive spectral functions are the basis for QCD analyses, delivering an accurate determination of the strong coupling constant and quantitative information on nonperturbative contributions. The ? vector spectral functions for the 2? and 4? final states are used together with e+e- data in order to compute vacuum polarization integrals occuring in the calculations of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and the running of the electromagnetic coupling.

Davier, Michel

2001-04-01

267

The decay of highly excited open strings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The decay rates of leading edge Regge trajectory states are calculated for very high level number in open bosonic string theories, ignoring tachyon final states. The optical theorem simplifies the analysis while enabling identification of the different mass level decay channels. The main result is that (in four dimensions) the greatest single channel is the emission of a single photon and a state of the next mass level down. A simple asymptotic formula for arbitrarily high level number is given for this process. Also calculated is the total decay rate exactly up to N=100. It shows little variation over this range but appears to decrease for larger N. The formalism is checked in examples and the decay rate of the first excited level calculated for open superstring theories. The calculation may also have implications for high spin meson resonances.

Mitchell, D.; Turok, N.; Wilkinson, R.; Jetzer, P.

1988-01-01

268

Decays of Zb??? via triangle diagrams in heavy meson molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bottomoniumlike resonances Zb(10610) and Zb'(10650) are good candidates to be hadronic molecules composed of BB ¯* (or B*B ¯) and B*B ¯*, respectively. In this paper, considering Zb(') as heavy meson molecules, we investigate the decays of Zb(')+??(nS)?+ in terms of the heavy meson effective theory. We find that the intermediate B(*) and B ¯(*) meson loops and the form factors play a significant role in reproducing the experimental values of the decay widths. We also predict the decay widths of Zc+?J/??+ and ?(2S)?+ for a charmoniumlike resonance Zc, which has recently been reported in experiments.

Ohkoda, S.; Yasui, S.; Hosaka, A.

2014-04-01

269

Search for Resonant Pair Production of long-lived particles decaying to b anti-b in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect

We report on a first search for production of Higgs bosons decaying into neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a b{bar b} pair, using 3.6 fb{sup -1} of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No significant excess is observed above background, and upper limits are set on the production rate in a hidden-valley benchmark model for a range of Higgs boson masses and NLLP masses and lifetimes.

Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, M.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, E.; /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U.; Ahsan, M.; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, G.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, A.; /Michigan U. /Northeastern U.

2009-06-01

270

Contribution of High-Mass Black Holes to Mergers of Compact Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the merging of compact binaries consisting of a high-mass black hole and a neutron star. From stellar evolutionary calculations that include mass loss, we estimate that a zero-age main sequence (ZAMS) mass of >~80 Msolar is necessary before a high-mass black hole can result from a massive O star progenitor. We first consider how Cyg X-1, with its measured orbital radius of ~17 Rsolar, might evolve. Although this radius is substantially less than the initial distance of two O stars, it is still so large that the resulting compact objects will merge only if an eccentricity close to unity results from a high kick velocity of the neutron star in the final supernova explosion. We estimate the probability of the necessary eccentricity to be ~1% i.e., 99% of the time the explosion of a Cyg X-1-type object will end as a binary of compact stars, which will not merge in Hubble time (unless the orbit is tightened in common envelope evolution, which we discuss later). Although we predict ~7 massive binaries of Cyg X-1 type, we argue that only Cyg X-1 is narrow enough to be observed, and that only Cyg X-1 has an appreciable chance of merging in Hubble time. This gives us a merging rate of ~3×10-8 yr-1 in the galaxy, the order of magnitude of the merging rate found by computer-driven population syntheses, if extrapolated to our mass limit of 80 Msolar ZAMS mass for high-mass black hole formation. Furthermore, in both our calculation and in those of population syntheses, almost all of the mergings involve an eccentricity close to unity in the final explosion of the O star. From this first part of our development we obtain only a negligible contribution to our final results for mergers, and it turns out to be irrelevant for our final results. In our main development, instead of relying on observed binaries, we consider the general evolution of binaries of massive stars. The critical stage is when the more massive star A has become a black hole and the less massive star B is a giant reaching out to A. We then have a common envelope, and we expect hypercritical accretion to star A. Star A will accept a small fraction of the mass of the envelope of star B, but it will plunge deep into star B while expelling the envelope of star B. We expect that star B can at least be in the mass range 15~35 Msolar, while the black hole A has a mass of 10 Msolar. About 20% of the binaries of this type are found to end up in a range of orbital radii favorable for merging; i.e., outside of the relevant Roche lobes, but close enough so that these final binaries of compact objects will merge in Hubble time. The narrow black hole O star orbits do not seem to be found in population syntheses, because in them mergers happen almost completely as a result of kick velocities. In the exception (case H of Portegies Zwart & Yungelson, which includes hypercritical accretion), common envelope evolution is more effective and we are in agreement with their results. We find that the high-mass black hole neutron star systems contribute substantially to the predicted observational frequency of gravitational waves. We discuss how our high-mass black hole formation can be reconciled with the requirements of nucleosynthesis, and we indicate that a bimodal distribution of masses of black holes in single stars can account, at least qualitatively, for the many transient sources that contain high-mass black holes.

Bethe, Hans A.; Brown, G. E.

1999-05-01

271

Giant Molecular Clouds and High-Mass Star Formation in the Milky Way  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are conducting an extensive investigation of high-mass (OB) star formation within the dense cores of giant molecular clouds (GMCS) throughout the first Galactic quadrant of the Milky Way using enhanced resolution Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) images in combination with high-resolution ground-based observations in millimeter wave molecular transitions and radio continuum. As part of this investigation several resolution enhancement algorithms are applied to the IRAS data, including the HIgh RESolution (HIRES) algorithm developed at the IRAS Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), as well as others ("pixon" image reconstruction). In addition, as part of a related study, we have completed a large survey of the CO emission in the first Galactic quadrant using the 15-element array detector (QUARRY) with the Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory (FCRAO) 14 m antenna, which provides sampling at an angular resolution of 50", comparable to that attained in the reprocessed IRAS data. Both of these data sets are compared with a sample of ultra-compact (UC) H II regions taken from a high-resolution multi-wavelength (6 and 20 cm) radio survey of the Galactic plane using the NRAO Very Large Array (VLA). Selected regions are observed in 1.3 mm continuum, which has proven to be particularly sensitive to the dust column density. Extensive observations of molecular clouds at high resolution in CO, CS and HCN are combined with the reprocessed IRAS high-resolution images to give a more complete picture of the physical conditions and kinematics of high-mass star forming GMCS. Our goals are to study in detail the morphology, structure, and rate of high-mass star formation within GMCs throughout the Galactic disk from the inner edge of the molecular ring to the outer Galaxy.

1998-01-01

272

SEARCH FOR IONIZED JETS TOWARD HIGH-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect

We are carrying out multi-frequency radio continuum observations, using the Australia Telescope Compact Array, to systematically search for collimated ionized jets toward high-mass young stellar objects (HMYSOs). Here we report observations at 1.4, 2.4, 4.8, and 8.6 GHz, made with angular resolutions of about 7'', 4'', 2'', and 1'', respectively, toward six objects of a sample of 33 southern HMYSOs thought to be in very early stages of evolution. The objects in the sample were selected from radio and infrared catalogs by having positive radio spectral indices and being luminous (L{sub bol} > 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }), but underluminous in radio emission compared with that expected from its bolometric luminosity. This criterion makes the radio sources good candidates for being ionized jets. As part of this systematic search, two ionized jets have been discovered: one previously published and the other reported here. The rest of the observed candidates correspond to three hypercompact H II regions and two ultracompact H II regions. The two jets discovered are associated with two of the most luminous (7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} and 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} L{sub Sun }) HMYSOs known to harbor this type of object, showing that the phenomena of collimated ionized winds appear in the formation process of stars at least up to masses of {approx}20 M{sub Sun} and provide strong evidence for a disk-mediated accretion scenario for the formation of high-mass stars. From the incidence of jets in our sample, we estimate that the jet phase in high-mass protostars lasts for {approx}4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} yr.

Guzman, Andres E.; Garay, Guido [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Camino el Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago (Chile); Brooks, Kate J.; Voronkov, Maxim A. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping 1710 NSW (Australia)

2012-07-01

273

Toward a Chemical Evolutionary Sequence in High-Mass Star Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the chemical evolution of young (high-mass) star-forming regions is a central topic in star formation research. The chemistry plays two main roles here: to study the evolution from simple to complex molecules, and to investigate the underlying physical processes. With these aims in mind, we observed a diverse sample of 60 high-mass star-forming regions in different evolutionary stages. In the early phase, quiescent Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs), consisting of cold and dense gas and dust, and emitting mainly at (sub-)millimeter wavelength, are formed. In the next phase, the so called High Mass Protostellar Objects (HMPOs) form, which host a central, likely still accreting protostar and already show emission at mid-infrared wavelengths. In the Hot Molecular Core phase (HMC) the central source heats up the surrounding environment, evaporating molecular-rich ices, which gives rise to a rich chemistry leading to complex molecules such as long carbon chains. Finally the UV-radiation from the embedded protostars ionizes the gas around and forms an Ultra Compact HII (UCHII) region. In these objects many of the previously formed complex molecules are not longer detected as they got destroyed by the ionizing radiation. For our observations, we used the IRAM 30m telescope with the total bandpass of 16 GHz and good spectral resolution (˜0.3/0.7 km/s at 1/3 mm). We derived their large-scale chemical abundances, assuming LTE and optically thin emission. To set these results into context, we model the chemical evolution in such environments with a state-of-the-art chemical model. This enables us to put constraints on the chemical evolution, the age and parameters such as the temperature and the density of the molecular clouds.

Gerner, Thomas; Beuther, Henrik; Semenov, Dmitry; Linz, Hendrik; Vasyunina, Tatiana; Henning, Thomas

274

Old Stars in the Massive, Gas-Rich HighMass Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose to obtain IRAC maps (at 3.6 and 4.5 micron) of a sample of 32 exceptionally gas-rich galaxies extracted from the ALFALFA extragalactic HI survey. These very HIgh HI Mass (HIghMass) galaxies have HI masses > 10^10 Msun and are also very gas-rich for their stellar masses. Are they in an arrested stage of evolution or do their huge HI disks, evident in our HI synthesis maps, result from recent baryon accretion? The current proposal builds on a coordinated multiwavelength program already underway which includes HI synthesis mapping (JVLA, GMRT, WSRT), UV imaging (GALEX), Halpha imaging (KPNO), optical spectroscopy (INT), CO mapping (CARMA), CO line observation (IRAM), and FIR/submm mapping (Herschel). The proposed observations will allow us to probe the underlying older stellar population in the HIghMass galaxies, yielding insight into how many stars were formed at early times and where within their disks that early star formation took place. The additional NIR data will substantially improve the stellar mass estimates relative to our SDSS- only estimates. In combination with the other data, we will determine their star formation histories and disentangle the possible evolutionary scenarios. In particular, the unique combination of sensitivity and angular resolution of Spitzer in this wavelength range is critical to study the substructures of the old stellar population at a resolution that can be easily compared with our UV/optical images and to trace the mass and color profiles into the outer disks of faint surface brightness. The HIghMass galaxies identified by ALFALFA represent the local counterparts of the populations which are likely to dominate future studies of HI at higher redshift with the Square Kilometre Array.

Huang, Shan; Haynes, Martha; Hunt, Leslie; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Adams, Elizabeth; Brinchmann, Jarle; Carpenter, John; Hallenbeck, Gregory; Masters, Karen; Papastergis, Emmanouil; Saintonge, Amelie; Spekkens, Kristine; Stierwalt, Sabrina

2012-12-01

275

Precision Electroweak Measurements on the Z Resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLD experiment using a polarised beam at SLC.

S. Schael; R Barate; R Brunelière; Damir Buskulic; I De Bonis; D Décamp; P Ghez; C Goy; S Jézéquel; J P Lees; A Lucotte; F Martin; E Merle; M N Minard; J Y Nief; P Odier; B Pietrzyk; B Trocmé; S Bravo; M P Casado; M Chmeissani; P Comas; J M Crespo; E Fernández; M Fernández-Bosman; L Garrido; E Graugès-Pous; A Juste; M Martínez; G Merino; R Miquel; L M Mir; S Orteu; A Pacheco; I C Park; J Perlas; I Riu; H Ruiz; F Sánchez; A Colaleo; D Creanza; N De Filippis; M De Palma; G Iaselli; G Maggi; M Maggi; S Nuzzo; A Ranieri; G Raso; F Ruggieri; G Selvaggi; L Silvestris; P Tempesta; A Tricomi; G Zito; X Huang; J Lin; Q Ouyang; T Wang; Y Xie; R Xu; S Xue; J Zhang; L Zhang; W Zhao; D Abbaneo; A Bazarko; U Becker; G Boix; F Bird; E Blucher; B Bonvicini; P Bright-Thomas; T Barklow; M Cattaneo; F Cerutti; B Clerbaux; H Drevermann; R W Forty; M Frank; T C Greening; R Hagelberg; A W Halley; F Gianotti; M Girone; J B Hansen; J Harvey; R Jacobsen; D E Hutchcroft; P Janot; B Jost; J Knobloch; M Kado; Ivan Lehraus; Pierre Lazeyras; P Maley; P Mato; J May; A Moutoussi; M Pepé-Altarelli; F Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; W D Schlatter; B Schmitt; O Schneider; W Tejessy; F Teubert; I R Tomalin; E Tournefier; R Veenhof; A Valassi; W Wiedenmann; A E Wright; Ziad J Ajaltouni; F Badaud; G Chazelle; O Deschamps; S Dessagne; A Falvard; C Ferdi; D Fayolle; P Gay; C Guicheney; P Henrard; J Jousset; B Michel; S Monteil; J C Montret; D Pallin; J M Pascolo; P Perret; F Podlyski; H Bertelsen; T Fernley; J D Hansen; P H Hansen; A C Kraan; A Lindahl; R Møllerud; B S Nilsson; B Rensch; A Wäänänen; G Daskalakis; A Kyriakis; C Markou; E Simopoulou; I Siotis; A Vayaki; A Blondel; G Bonneaud; J C Brient; F Machefert; A Rougé; M Rumpf; M Swynghedauw; R Tanaka; M Verderi; H L Videau; V Ciulli; E Focardi; G Parrini; K Zachariadou; M Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; A Antonelli; M Antonelli; G Bencivenni; G Bologna; F Bossi; P Campana; G Capon; V Chiarella; G Felici; P Laurelli; G Mannocchi; G P Murtas; L Passalacqua; P Picchi; P Colrain; I ten Have; I S Hughes; J Kennedy; I G Knowles; J G Lynch; W T Morton; P Negus; V O'Shea; C Raine; P Reeves; J M Scarr; K Smith; A S Thompson; R M Turnbull; S R Wasserbaech; O L Buchmüller; R J Cavanaugh; S Dhamotharan; C Geweniger; P Hanke; G Hansper; V Hepp; E E Kluge; A Putzer; J Sommer; K Tittel; W Werner; M Wunsch; R Beuselinck; D M Binnie; W Cameron; G Davies; P J Dornan; S M Goodsir; N Marinelli; E Martin; J Nash; J Nowell; S A Rutherford; J K Sedgbeer; J C Thompson; R White; M D Williams; V M Ghete; P Girtler; E Kneringer; D Kuhn; G Rudolph; E Bouhova-Thacker; C K Bowdery; P G Buck; D P Clarke; G Ellis; A J Finch; F Foster; G Hughes; R W L Jones; N R Keemer; M R Pearson; N A Robertson; T Sloan; M Smizanska; S W Snow; M I Williams; O van der Aa; C Delaere; G Leibenguth; V Lemaître; L A T Bauerdick; U Blumenschein; P Van Gemmeren; I Giehl; F Hölldorfer; K Jakobs; M Kasemann; F Kayser; K Kleinknecht; A S Müller; G Quast; B Renk; E Rohne; H G Sander; S Schmeling; H W Wachsmuth; R Wanke; C Zeitnitz; T Ziegler; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C Benchouk; A Bonissent; J Carr; P Coyle; C Curtil; A Ealet; F Etienne; D Fouchez; F Motsch; P Payre; D Rousseau; M Talby; M Thulasidas; M Aleppo; F Ragusa; V Büscher; A David; H Dietl; G Ganis; K Hüttmann; G Lütjens; C Mannert; W Männer; H G Moser; R Settles; H Seywerd; H Stenzel; M Villegas; G Wolf; J Boucrot; O Callot; S Chen; A Cordier; M Davier; L Duflot; J F Grivaz; P Heusse; A Jacholkowska; F R Le Diberder; J Lefrançois; A M Mutz; M H Schune; L Serin; J J Veillet; I Videau; D Zerwas; P Azzurri; G Bagliesi; S Bettarini; T Boccali; C Bozzi; G Calderini; R Dell'Orso; R Fantechi; I Ferrante; F Fidecaro; L Foà; A Giammanco; A Giassi; A Gregorio; F Ligabue; A Lusiani; P S Marrocchesi; A Messineo; F Palla; G Rizzo; G Sanguinetti; A Sciabà; G Sguazzoni; P Spagnolo; J Steinberger; R Tenchini; C Vannini; A Venturi; P G Verdini; O Awunor; G A Blair; G Cowan; A García-Bellido; M G Green; T Medcalf; J A Strong; P Teixeira-Dias; David R Botterill; R W Clifft; T R Edgecock; M Edwards; S J Haywood; P R Norton; J J Ward; B Bloch-Devaux; D E Boumediene; P Colas; S Emery; B Fabbro; Witold Kozanecki; E Lançon; M C Lemaire; E Locci; P Pérez; J Rander; J F Renardy; A Roussarie; J P Schuller; J Schwindling; B Tuchming; B Vallage; S N Black; J H Dann; H Y Kim; N P Konstantinidis; A M Litke; M A McNeil; G Taylor; C N Booth; S Cartwright; F Combley; P N Hodgson; M H Lehto; L F Thompson; K Affholderbach; E Barberio; A Böhrer; S Brandt; H Burkhardt; E Feigl; C Grupen; J Hess; G Lutters; H Meinhard; J A Minguet-Rodríguez; L Mirabito; A Misiejuk; E Neugebauer; A Ngac; G Prange; F Rivera; P Saraiva; U Schäfer; U Sieler; L Smolik; F Stephan; H Trier; M Apollonio; C Borean; L Bosisio; R Della Marina; G Giannini; B Gobbo; G Musolino; L Pitis; H He; J Pütz; J E Rothberg; S R Armstrong; L Bellantoni; K Berkelman; D Cinabro; J S Conway; K Cranmer

2006-01-01

276

A Multiwavelength Study of the Process of High-Mass Star Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Massive stars live short, violent lives that have a major impact on nearby star formation and the interstellar medium (ISM). To study the process of high-mass star formation and its effect on the surrounding ISM, we have observed four regions that include 10 HII regions representing ultracompact, compact, and nearly classical HII regions: Monoceros R2; K3-50; S255-2; and NS 14. Exciting stars of the 10 HII regions span a range of masses (B1 to O4 type stars). We have placed the objects in an evolutionary sequence with K3-50A, C1, and C2 representing the earliest, ultracompact HII region stage, S255-2 and NS 14 representing an intermediate compact stage, while MonR2, K3-50B and K3-50D are more evolved, representing a nearly classical HII region stage. The process of high-mass star formation does not have a well developed theoretical basis, in part, because many complete observational studies of such regions have not been made. Toward this end, we have obtained extensive infrared images of each region mentioned above with near-infrared (NIR) broadband filters and narrow band (1-2% spectral resolution) circular variable filters (CVFs). These are complemented by radio wavelength continuum and millimeter wavelength molecular aperture synthesis observations. Massive stars spend >= 10% of their lives embedded in molecular clouds and are generally enshrouded in gas and dust when they reach the main-sequence. To account for this, we have mapped dust extinction on small spatial scales and compared these maps with dense molecular gas structures. These comparisons yield mass and molecular abundance estimates. Massive toroidal clouds are found in each region and may be ubiquitous features. Such toroidal clouds may provide the collimation necessary to form jets from strong stellar winds. Bipolar ionized outflows or jets appear well correlated with evolutionary stage, with the youngest objects producing the strongest jets. The jets appear to entrain molecular material, thereby powering bipolar outflows which last > 1.5 × 105yrs. Detailed analyses of the four individual regions, including population studies of associated stellar cluster members, are made and a general picture of the process of high mass star formation is presented including: triggered formation of toroidal (proto-cluster) cloud core(s); fragmentation of the core(s) and formation of high-mass protostar(s), ultracompact HII region(s) and associated stellar cluster(s); and evolution of outflows from bipolar ionized jets to massive, extended molecular outflows.

Howard, Eric M.

1996-06-01

277

SiO outflows in high-mass star forming regions: A potential chemical clock?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Some theoretical models propose that O-B stars form via accretion, in a similar fashion to low-mass stars. Jet-driven molecular outflows play an important role in this scenario, and their study can help to understand the process of high-mass star formation and the different evolutionary phases involved. Aims: Observations towards low-mass protostars so far favour an evolutionary picture in which jets are always associated with Class 0 objects while more evolved Class I/II objects show less evidence of powerful jets. The present study aims at checking whether an analogous picture can be found in the high-mass case. Methods: The IRAM 30-m telescope (Spain) has been used to perform single-pointing SiO(2-1) and (3-2) observations towards a sample of 57 high-mass molecular clumps in different evolutionary stages. Continuum data at different wavelengths, from mid-IR to 1.2 mm, have been gathered to build the spectral energy distributions of all the clumps and estimate their bolometric luminosities. Results: SiO emission at high velocities, characteristic of molecular jets, is detected in 88% of our sources, a very high detection rate indicating that there is ongoing star formation activity in most of the sources of our sample. The SiO(2-1) luminosity drops with Lbol/M, which suggests that jet activity declines as time evolves. This represents the first clear evidence of a decrease of SiO outflow luminosity with time in a homogeneous sample of high-mass molecular clumps in different evolutionary stages. The SiO(3-2) to SiO(2-1) integrated intensity ratio shows only minor changes with evolutionary state. Based on observations conducted with the IRAM 30-m telescope near Pico Veleta (Granada, Spain), and the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) ESO project: 181.C-0885.. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain). APEX is a collaboration between the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, the European Southern Observatory, and the Onsala Space Observatory.Appendices are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

López-Sepulcre, A.; Walmsley, C. M.; Cesaroni, R.; Codella, C.; Schuller, F.; Bronfman, L.; Carey, S. J.; Menten, K. M.; Molinari, S.; Noriega-Crespo, A.

2011-02-01

278

Radioactive Decay of Candium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this simulation, learners use M&M⢠candy to explore radioactive isotope decay. Learners pour out a bag of candy and count and record the number of candy pieces that have "decayed" or show the print side up. Learners get to consume the "decayed atoms." Then, they will shake the bag again and recount the decay. Learners will continue shaking, counting and consuming until all the atoms have decayed, and then graph the results. This activity is a great introduction to half-life and nuclear decay.

House, The S.

2014-01-28

279

Harmonic generation and parametric decay in the ion cyclotron frequency range  

SciTech Connect

Harmonic generation and parametric decay are examined in a toroidal ACT-I plasma using electrostatic plate antennas. The harmonic generation, which is consistent with sheath rectification, is sufficiently strong that the nonlinearly generated harmonic modes themselves decay parametrically. Resonant and nonresonant parametric decay of the second harmonic are observed and compared with uniform pump theory. Resonant decay of lower hybrid waves into lower hybrid waves and slow ion cyclotron waves is seen for the first time. Surprisingly, the decay processes are nonlinearly saturated, indicating absolute instability.

Skiff, F.N.; Wong, K.L.; Ono, M.

1984-06-01

280

Measurement of branching fractions and form factor parameters of B meson going to D meson lepton neutrino and B meson going to D meson resonance lepton neutrino decays at BaBar  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a global fit to determine the form factor slopes and branching fractions of the decays B --> Dlnu and B --> D*lnu. We reconstruct Dl pairs and construct a 3-dimensional distribution binned in lepton momentum, D momentum and cos theta B-Dl. These kinematic variables provide good separation between the signal and background. We fit electron and muon samples

Kenji Hamano

2008-01-01

281

Measurement of Inclusive Radiative B-Meson Decay B->X-s gamma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Radiative decays of the B meson, B (yields) X(sub s)(gamma), proceed via virtual flavor changing neutral current processes that are sensitive to contributions from high mass scales, either within the Standard Model of electroweak interactions or beyond. I...

V. E. Ozcan

2006-01-01

282

Decay Spectroscopy for Nuclear Astrophysics: ?-delayed Proton Decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decay spectroscopy is one of the oldest indirect methods in nuclear astrophysics. We have developed at TAMU techniques to measure beta- and beta-delayed proton decay of sd-shell, proton-rich nuclei. The short-lived radioactive species are produced in-flight, separated, then slowed down (from about 40 MeV/u) and implanted in the middle of very thin Si detectors. These allowed us to measure protons with energies as low as 200 keV from nuclei with lifetimes of 100 ms or less. At the same time we measure gamma-rays up to 8 MeV with high resolution HPGe detectors. We have studied the decay of 23Al, 27P, 31Cl, all important for understanding explosive H-burning in novae. The technique has shown a remarkable selectivity to beta-delayed charged-particle emission and works even at radioactive beam rates of a few pps. The states populated are resonances for the radiative proton capture reactions 22Na(p,?)23Mg (crucial for the depletion of 22Na in novae), 26mAl(p,?)27Si and 30P(p,?)31S (bottleneck in novae and XRB burning), respectively. More recently we have radically improved the technique using a gas based detector we call AstroBox.

Trache, L.; Simmons, E.; Spiridon, A.; McCleskey, M.; Roeder, B. T.; Tribble, R. E.; Saastamoinen, A.; Jokinen, A.; Aysto, J.; Davinson, T.; Woods, P. J.; Pollacco, E.; Kebbiri, M.; Pascovici, G.

2011-11-01

283

Study of the ?-?3h-2h+?? decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The branching fraction of the ?-?3h-2h+?? decay (h=?,K) is measured with the BABAR detector to be (8.56±0.05±0.42)×10-4, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The observed structure of this decay is significantly different from the phase space prediction, with the ? resonance playing a strong role. The decay ?-?f1(1285)?-??, with the f1(1285) meson decaying to four charged pions, is observed and the branching fraction is measured to be (3.9±0.7±0.5)×10-4.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Borgland, A. W.; Breon, A. B.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R. N.; Charles, E.; Day, C. T.; Gill, M. S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Groysman, Y.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kadel, R. W.; Kadyk, J.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Kukartsev, G.; Lynch, G.; Mir, L. M.; Oddone, P. J.; Orimoto, T. J.; Pripstein, M.; Roe, N. A.; Ronan, M. T.; Wenzel, W. A.; Barrett, M.; Ford, K. E.; Harrison, T. J.; Hart, A. J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Morgan, S. E.; Watson, A. T.; Fritsch, M.; Goetzen, K.; Held, T.; Koch, H.; Lewandowski, B.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Schroeder, T.; Steinke, M.; Boyd, J. T.; Burke, J. P.; Chevalier, N.; Cottingham, W. N.; Kelly, M. P.; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T.; Hearty, C.; Knecht, N. S.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Khan, A.; Kyberd, P.; Teodorescu, L.; Blinov, A. E.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Ivanchenko, V. N.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Yushkov, A. N.; Best, D.; Bondioli, M.; Bruinsma, M.; Chao, M.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Mommsen, R. K.; Roethel, W.; Stoker, D. P.; Buchanan, C.; Hartfiel, B. L.; Weinstein, A. J. R.; Foulkes, S. D.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Shen, B. C.; Wang, K.; Zhang, L.; Del Re, D.; Hadavand, H. K.; Hill, E. J.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Paar, H. P.; Rahatlou, S.; Sharma, V.; Berryhill, J. W.; Campagnari, C.; Cunha, A.; Dahmes, B.; Hong, T. M.; Lu, A.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Verkerke, W.; Beck, T. W.; Eisner, A. M.; Flacco, C. J.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Nesom, G.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Spradlin, P.; Williams, D. C.; Wilson, M. G.; Albert, J.; Chen, E.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dvoretskii, A.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Ryd, A.; Samuel, A.; Andreassen, R.; Jayatilleke, S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Blanc, F.; Bloom, P.; Chen, S.; Ford, W. T.; Nauenberg, U.; Olivas, A.; Rankin, P.; Ruddick, W. O.; Smith, J. G.; Ulmer, K. A.; Wagner, S. R.; Zhang, J.; Chen, A.; Eckhart, E. A.; Harton, J. L.; Soffer, A.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Zeng, Q.; Spaan, B.; Altenburg, D.; Brandt, T.; Brose, J.; Dickopp, M.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Klose, V.; Lacker, H. M.; Maly, E.; Nogowski, R.; Otto, S.; Petzold, A.; Schott, G.; Schubert, J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Sundermann, J. E.; Bernard, D.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Grenier, P.; Schrenk, S.; Thiebaux, Ch.; Vasileiadis, G.; Verderi, M.; Bard, D. J.; Clark, P. J.; Gradl, W.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Xie, Y.; Andreotti, M.; Azzolini, V.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Luppi, E.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Anulli, F.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Buzzo, A.; Capra, R.; Contri, R.; Vetere, M. Lo; Macri, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Santroni, A.; Tosi, S.; Bailey, S.; Brandenburg, G.; Chaisanguanthum, K. S.; Morii, M.; Won, E.; Dubitzky, R. S.; Langenegger, U.; Marks, J.; Schenk, S.; Uwer, U.; Bhimji, W.; Bowerman, D. A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Egede, U.; Flack, R. L.; Gaillard, J. R.; Morton, G. W.; Nash, J. A.; Nikolich, M. B.; Taylor, G. P.; Charles, M. J.; Grenier, G. J.; Mallik, U.; Mohapatra, A. K.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Eyges, V.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Yi, J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Giroux, X.; Grosdidier, G.; Höcker, A.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Oyanguren, A.; Petersen, T. C.; Pierini, M.; Plaszczynski, S.; Rodier, S.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Cheng, C. H.; Lange, D. J.; Simani, M. C.; Wright, D. M.; Bevan, A. J.; Chavez, C. A.; Coleman, J. P.; Forster, I. J.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; George, K. A.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Parry, R. J.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Cormack, C. M.; di Lodovico, F.; Brown, C. L.; Cowan, G.; Flaecher, H. U.; Green, M. G.; Jackson, P. S.; McMahon, T. R.; Ricciardi, S.; Salvatore, F.; Brown, D.; Davis, C. L.; Allison, J.; Barlow, N. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Hodgkinson, M. C.; Lafferty, G. D.; Naisbit, M. T.; Williams, J. C.; Chen, C.; Farbin, A.; Hulsbergen, W. D.; Jawahery, A.; Kovalskyi, D.; Lae, C. K.; Lillard, V.; Roberts, D. A.; Blaylock, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Kofler, R.; Koptchev, V. B.; Li, X.; Moore, T. B.; Saremi, S.; Staengle, H.; Willocq, S.; Cowan, R.; Koeneke, K.; Sciolla, G.; Sekula, S. J.; Taylor, F.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Kim, H.

2005-10-01

284

Recent Results on Hadronic B decays from Belle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charmless hadronic B decays are suppressed compared to other hadronic B decays and hence can be excellent probes for new physics beyond the Standard Model. We present recent results from Belle on B?hh decays where h is a pion or a kaon of any charge, and B??? decays. The data samples are collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e- collider operating at the ?(4S) resonance. The B?hh results, including the branching fractions and CP asymmetries, are based on a full Belle data sample of 772 million BB¯ pairs, while the B??? results are based on 657 million BB¯ pairs.

Kim, J. H.; Belle Collaboration

2012-12-01

285

?- decay of the neutron-rich isotope 215Pb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Brief Report reports on the first observation of the ?--delayed ? decay of 215Pb, feeding states in 215Bi. The 215Pb beam was produced using resonant laser ionization and mass separated at the ISOLDE-CERN on-line mass separator. This ensured clean identification of the ? rays as belonging to the decay of 215Pb or its ?-decay daughters. A half-life of 147(12) s was measured for the 215Pb ? decay and a level scheme for the daughter nucleus 215Bi is proposed, resulting in an extended systematics of the excited states of the neutron-rich Bi isotopes.

De Witte, H.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Andreyev, A. N.; Borzov, I. N.; Cederkäll, J.; De Smet, A.; Fedorov, D. V.; Fedoseyev, V. N.; Franchoo, S.; Górska, M.; Grawe, H.; Huber, G.; Huyse, M.; Janas, Z.; Köster, U.; Kurcewicz, W.; Kurpeta, J.; P?ochocki, A.; Van de Vel, K.; Van Duppen, P.; Weissman, L.

2013-06-01

286

Stabilizing hadron resonance gas models  

SciTech Connect

We examine the stability of hadron resonance gas models by extending them to include undiscovered resonances through the Hagedorn formula. We find that the influence of unknown resonances on thermodynamics is large but bounded. We model the decays of resonances and investigate the ratios of particle yields in heavy-ion collisions. We find that observables such as hydrodynamics and hadron yield ratios change little upon extending the model. As a result, heavy-ion collisions at the RHIC and LHC are insensitive to a possible exponential rise in the hadronic density of states, thus increasing the stability of the predictions of hadron resonance gas models in this context. Hadron resonance gases are internally consistent up to a temperature higher than the crossover temperature in QCD, but by examining quark number susceptibilities we find that their region of applicability ends below the QCD crossover.

Chatterjee, S.; Godbole, R. M. [Center for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Gupta, Sourendu [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2010-04-15

287

Ultra-high-mass mass spectrometry with charge discrimination using cryogenic detectors  

DOEpatents

An ultra-high-mass time-of-flight mass spectrometer using a cryogenic particle detector as an ion detector with charge discriminating capabilities. Cryogenic detectors have the potential for significantly improving the performance and sensitivity of time-of-flight mass spectrometers, and compared to ion multipliers they exhibit superior sensitivity for high-mass, slow-moving macromolecular ions and can be used as "stop" detectors in time-of-flight applications. In addition, their energy resolving capability can be used to measure the charge state of the ions. Charge discrimination is very valuable in all time-of-flight mass spectrometers. Using a cryogenically-cooled Nb-Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 -Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junction (STJ) detector operating at 1.3 K as an ion detector in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer for large biomolecules it was found that the STJ detector has charge discrimination capabilities. Since the cryogenic STJ detector responds to ion energy and does not rely on secondary electron production, as in the conventionally used microchannel plate (MCP) detectors, the cryogenic detector therefore detects large molecular ions with a velocity-independent efficiency approaching 100%.

Frank, Matthias (Berkeley, CA); Mears, Carl A. (Oakland, CA); Labov, Simon E. (Berkeley, CA); Benner, W. Henry (Danville, CA)

1999-01-01

288

BIMA Observations of Early Stages of High-Mass Star Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To systematically search for high mass protostars without any free-free emission, meaning that no UC HII has formed yet, we studied 70 candidate sources, selected according to their FIR radiation characteristics and their non-detection in Galaxy wide cm continuum surveys (Ramesh & Sridharan 1997), in the water vapor and ammonia lines with the 100 m and, in case of detections, with the 30 m telescope (Menten et al. 1999; Sridharan et al. 1999). This lead to the detection of several new water masers, ubiquitous outflow activity, and several new hot core sources as evident from bright CH3CN emission. As a follow up we started interferometric observations of selected sources using the BIMA array. Here we present observations of IRAS 18089-1732, a source at a distance of 3.6 kpc with about 4 x 104 solar luminosities derived from the IRAS fluxes. The massive core is seen in 3 mm dust continuum emission and is associated with compact (~ 0.03 pc) and hot (T ~ 100 K) strong line emission of CH3CN suggesting an enhancement and heating of this molecule through very recent evaporation of dust grains by a newly born high mass (proto) star.

Wyrowski, Friedrich; Sridharan, T. K.; Menten, Karl M.; Schilke, Peter

1999-10-01

289

Low Virial Parameters in Molecular Clouds: Implications for High-mass Star Formation and Magnetic Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether or not molecular clouds and embedded cloud fragments are stable against collapse is of utmost importance for the study of the star formation process. Only "supercritical" cloud fragments are able to collapse and form stars. The virial parameter ? = M vir/M, which compares the virial mass to the actual mass, provides one way to gauge stability against collapse. Supercritical cloud fragments are characterized by ? <~ 2, as indicated by a comprehensive stability analysis considering perturbations in pressure and density gradients. Past research has suggested that virial parameters ? >~ 2 prevail in clouds. This would suggest that collapse toward star formation is a gradual and relatively slow process and that magnetic fields are not needed to explain the observed cloud structure. Here, we review a range of very recent observational studies that derive virial parameters Lt2 and compile a catalog of 1325 virial parameter estimates. Low values of ? are in particular observed for regions of high-mass star formation (HMSF). These observations may argue for a more rapid and violent evolution during collapse. This would enable "competitive accretion" in HMSF, constrain some models of "monolithic collapse," and might explain the absence of high-mass starless cores. Alternatively, the data could point at the presence of significant magnetic fields ~1 mG at high gas densities. We examine to what extent the derived observational properties might be biased by observational or theoretical uncertainties. For a wide range of reasonable parameters, our conclusions appear to be robust with respect to such biases.

Kauffmann, Jens; Pillai, Thushara; Goldsmith, Paul F.

2013-12-01

290

Coupled Fluids-Radiation Analysis of a High-Mass Mars Entry Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NEQAIR line-by-line radiation code has been incorporated into the DPLR Navier-Stokes flow solver such that the NEQAIR subroutines are now callable functions of DPLR. The coupled DPLR-NEQAIR code was applied to compute the convective and radiative heating rates over high-mass Mars entry vehicles. Two vehicle geometries were considered - a 15 m diameter 70-degree sphere cone configuration and a slender, mid-L/D vehicle with a diameter of 5 m called an Ellipsled. The entry masses ranged from 100 to 165 metric tons. Solutions were generated for entry velocities ranging from 6.5 to 9.1 km/s. The coupled fluids-radiation solutions were performed at the peak heating location along trajectories generated by the Traj trajectory analysis code. The impact of fluids-radiation coupling is a function of the level of radiative heating and the freestream density and velocity. For the high-mass Mars vehicles examined in this study, coupling effects were greatest for entry velocities above 8.5 km/s where the surface radiative heating was reduced by up 17%. Generally speaking, the Ellipsled geometry experiences a lower peak radiative heating rate but a higher peak turbulent convective heating rate than the MSL-based vehicle.

Palmer, Grant; Allen, Gary; Tang, Chun; Brown, Jim

2011-01-01

291

Combining Low and High Mass Ion Accumulation for Enhancing Shotgun Proteome Analysis by Accurate Mass Measurement  

PubMed Central

A simple procedure is described that increases sensitivity and dynamic range for the analysis of a proteome batch digest by FT-ICR mass spectrometry. Ions at the low and high mass ranges are preferentially collected using two different sets of tuning conditions. By combing data collected using tuning conditions that favor low mass (m/z < 2000) and high mass (m/z > 2000) ions, 277 proteins are identified for a whole cell lysate of Methanococcus maripaludis in a single HPLC-MALDI FT-ICR mass spectrometry experiment, a 70% improvement compared to previous analysis using a wide mass range acquisition. This procedure improves the detection of low abundance ions, and thereby increases the range of proteins that are observed. Because the observed mass range is effectively narrower for each spectrum, mass calibration is more accurate than for the standard method that provides a wide range of masses. The trap plate potential on the analyzer cell may be set to a higher value than used for wide mass range measurements, increasing the ion capacity of the analyzer cell and extending the dynamic range, while still maintaining mass accuracy.

Wong, Richard L.; Amster, I. Jonathan

2006-01-01

292

Aerocapture Guidance and Performance at Mars for High-Mass Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this study is to understand the performance associated with using the aerocapture maneuver to slow high-mass systems from an Earth-approach trajectory into orbit around Mars. This work is done in conjunction with the Mars Entry Descent and Landing Systems Analysis (EDL-SA) task to explore candidate technologies necessary for development in order to land large-scale payloads on the surface of Mars. Among the technologies considered include hypersonic inflatable aerodynamic decelerators (HIADs) and rigid mid-lift to drag (L/D) aeroshells. Nominal aerocapture trajectories were developed for the mid-L/D aeroshell and two sizes of HIADs, and Monte Carlo analysis was completed to understand sensitivities to dispersions. Additionally, a study was completed in order to determine the size of the larger of the two HIADs which would maintain design constraints on peak heat rate and diameter. Results show that each of the three aeroshell designs studied is a viable option for landing high-mass payloads as none of the three exceed performance requirements.

Zumwalt, Carlie H.; Sostaric, Ronald r.; Westhelle, Carlos H.; Cianciolo, Alicia Dwyer

2010-01-01

293

Evidence for the decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evidence is presented for the decay using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1, collected with the LHCb detector. A signal yield of 32 ± 8 decays is found with a significance of 4.5 standard deviations. The ratio of the branching fraction of the decay to that of the decay is measured to be where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Cartelle, P. Alvarez; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; An, L.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Gutierrez, O. Aquines; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Borsato, M.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Gomez, M. Calvo; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Perez, D. Campora; Caponio, F.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Akiba, K. Carvalho; Casse, G.; Cassina, L.; Garcia, L. Castillo; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Vidal, X. Cid; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Counts, I.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Torres, M. Cruz; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorigo, M.; Suárez, A. Dosil; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Esen, S.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farley, N.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Albor, V. Fernandez; Rodrigues, F. Ferreira; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Firlej, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fiutowski, T.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Fu, J.; Furfaro, E.; Torreira, A. Gallas; Galli, D.; Gallorini, S.; Gambetta, S.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Tico, J. Garra; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gavardi, L.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gianelle, A.; Giani', S.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Gotti, C.; Gándara, M. Grabalosa; Diaz, R. Graciani; Cardoso, L. A. Granado; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Hafkenscheid, T. W.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Han, X.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Henry, L.; Morata, J. A. Hernando; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jezabek, M.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kelsey, M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Khurewathanakul, C.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Kolpin, M.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Langhans, B.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.

2014-05-01

294

Observation of B ? ?? decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have found the first evidence for the Cabibbo suppressed, color suppressed decay B? ? ??? in a data sample of 4 million B decays obtained by the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR). The branching ratio is found to be (4.3±2.3)% of the Cabibbo allowed B? ? ?K? decay mode, which is consistent with theoretical expectations.

J. P. Alexander; C. Bebek; K. Berkelman; T. E. Browder; D. G. Cassel; H. A. Cho; D. M. Coffman; D. S. Crowcroft; P. S. Drell; D. Dumas; R. Ehrlich; P. Gaidarev; M. Garcia-Sciveres; B. Geiser; B. Gittelman; S. W. Gray; D. L. Hartill; B. K. Heltsley; S. Henderson; C. D. Jones; S. L. Jones; J. Kandaswamy; N. Katayama; P. C. Kim; D. L. Kreinick; G. S. Ludwig; J. Masui; J. Mevissen; N. B. Mistry; C. R. Ng; E. Nordberg; J. R. Patterson; D. Peterson; D. Riley; S. Salman; M. Sapper; F. Würthwein; P. Avery; A. Freyberger; J. Rodriguez; S. Yang; J. Yelton; D. Cinabro; T. Liu; M. Saulnier; R. Wilson; H. Yamamoto; T. Bergfeld; B. I. Eisenstein; G. Gollin; B. Ong; M. Palmer; M. Selen; J. J. Thaler; K. W. Edwards; M. Ogg; A. Bellerive; D. I. Britton; E. R. F. Hyatt; D. B. MacFarlane; P. M. Patel; B. Spaan; A. J. Sadoff; R. Ammar; P. Baringer; A. Bean; D. Besson; D. Coppage; N. Copty; R. Davis; N. Hancock; M. Kelly; S. Kotov; I. Kravchenko; N. Kwak; H. Lam; Y. Kubota; M. Lattery; M. Momayezi; J. K. Nelson; S. Patton; R. Poling; V. Savinov; S. Schrenk; R. Wang; M. S. Alam; I. J. Kim; Z. Ling; A. H. Mahmood; J. J. O'Neill; H. Severini; C. R. Sun; F. Wappler; G. Crawford; C. M. Daubenmier; R. Fulton; D. Fujino; K. K. Gan; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. Lee; R. Malchow; Y. Skovpen; M. Sung; C. White; M. M. Zoeller; F. Butler; X. Fu; B. Nemati; W. R. Ross; P. Skubic; M. Wood; M. Bishai; J. Fast; E. Gerndt; R. L. McIlwain; T. Miao; D. H. Miller; M. Modesitt; D. Payne; E. I. Shibata; I. P. J. Shipsey; P. N. Wang; M. Battle; J. Ernst; L. Gibbons; Y. Kwon; S. Roberts; E. H. Thorndike; C. H. Wang; J. Dominick; M. Lambrecht; S. Sanghera; V. Shelkov; T. Skwarnicki; R. Stroynowski; I. Volobouev; G. Wei; P. Zadorozhny; M. Artuso; M. Gao; M. Goldberg; D. He; N. Horwitz; G. C. Moneti; F. Muheim; Y. Mukhin; S. Playfer; Y. Rozen; S. Stone; X. Xing; G. Zhu; J. Bartelt; S. E. Csorna; Z. Egyed; V. Jain; D. Gibaut; K. Kinoshita; P. Pomianowski; B. Barish; M. Chadha; S. Chan; D. F. Cowen; G. Eigen; J. S. Miller; C. O'Grady; J. Urheim; A. J. Weinstein; M. Athanas; W. Brower; G. Masek; H. P. Paar; J. Gronberg; R. Kutschke; S. Menary; R. J. Morrison; S. Nakanishi; H. N. Nelson; T. K. Nelson; C. Qiao; J. D. Richman; A. Ryd; H. Tajima; D. Sperka; M. S. Witherell; R. Balest; K. Cho; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin; J. G. Smith

1995-01-01

295

Search for rare radiative penguin B decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rare radiative penguin decays B ? ? ? and B ? ? ? can potentially measure \\vert V_td \\vert / \\vert V_ts \\vert if observed. We present the results of a search for these rare decays in e^+ e^- collisions at the ?(4S) resonance data collected by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. In addition we present the results of a search of B^0 ? D^*0?, which provide constraints on the long distance QCD uncertainties in the extraction of \\vert V_td \\vert / \\vert V_ts \\vert.

Chao, Ming

2002-04-01

296

Giant resonances: Progress, new directions, new challenges  

SciTech Connect

A review of some recent developments in the field of giant multipole resonances is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on directions that the authors feel will be followed in this field during the next several years. In particular, the use of high-energy heavy ions to excite the giant resonances is shown to provide exciting new capabilities for giant resonance studies. Among subjects covered are: Coulomb excitation of giant resonances, photon decay of giant resonances, the recent controversy over the identity of the giant monopole resonance, the most recent value for incompressibility of nuclear matter from analysis of giant monopole data, the isospin character of the 63 A/sup /minus/1/3/ GQR, agreement between (e,e/prime/) and (hadron, hadron/prime/) excitation of the giant quadrupole resonance, prospects for multiphonon giant resonance observation, and isolation of the isovector giant quadrupole resonance. 55 refs., 23 figs., 4 tabs.

Bertrand, J.R.; Beene, J.R.

1989-01-01

297

Study of K+K- production in pi+d interactions at 10 GeV\\/c, and evidence for a JP=7- resonance M(2750) decaying into K+K-pi+  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have studied the reactions pi+n-->K+K-p, pi+p-->K+K-Delta++, and pi+p-->(K+K-pi+)p in 10-GeV\\/c pi+d interactions using the large-aperture solenoid spectrometer at SLAC. We measure the cross sections times branching ratios for the production of the known meson resonances f(1270), g (1690), and h (2040). We also observe a new resonance with mass 2747+\\/-32 MeV, width 195+\\/-75 MeV, and production cross section times

D. L. Denney; H. B. Crawley; A. Firestone; J. S. Hendrickson; J. W. Lamsa; W. T. Meyer; J. W. Chapman; A. A. Seidl

1983-01-01

298

Study of charged hadronic four-body decays of the D0 meson  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charged hadronic four-body decays of D0 mesons have been studied in the E687 photoproduction experiment at Fermilab. Branching ratios relative to the D0 ? K-?+?+?- decay mode for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D0 ? ?-?+?-?+, D0 ? K-K+?-?+ have been measured and the first evidence of the D0 ? K-K+K-?+ decay mode is reported. An analysis of the D0 ? K-K+?-?+ resonance structure is also presented.

Frabetti, P. L.; Cheung, H. W. K.; Cumalat, J. P.; Dallapiccola, C.; Ginkel, J. F.; Greene, S. V.; Johns, W. E.; Nehring, M. S.; Butler, J. N.; Cihangir, S.; Gaines, I.; Garbincius, P. H.; Garren, L.; Gourlay, S. A.; Harding, D. J.; Kasper, P.; Kreymer, A.; Lebrun, P.; Shukla, S.; Vittone, M.; Bianco, S.; Fabbri, F. L.; Sarwar, S.; Zallo, A.; Culbertson, R.; Gardner, R. W.; Greene, R.; Wiss, J.; Alimonti, G.; Bellini, G.; Boschini, M.; Brambilla, D.; Caccianiga, B.; Cinquini, L.; Di Corato, M.; Giammarchi, M.; Inzani, P.; Leveraro, F.; Malvezzi, S.; Menasce, D.; Meroni, E.; Moroni, L.; Pedrini, D.; Perasso, L.; Prelz, F.; Sala, A.; Sala, S.; Torretta, D.; Buchholz, D.; Claes, D.; Gobbi, B.; O'Reilly, B.; Bishop, J. M.; Cason, N. M.; Kennedy, C. J.; Kim, G. N.; Lin, T. F.; Puseljic, D. L.; Ruchti, R. C.; Shephard, W. D.; Swiatek, J. A.; Wu, Z. Y.; Arena, V.; Boca, G.; Castoldi, C.; Gianini, G.; Ratti, S. P.; Riccardi, C.; Viola, L.; Vitulo, P.; Lopez, A.; Grim, G. P.; Paolone, V. S.; Yager, P. M.; Wilson, J. R.; Sheldon, P. D.; Davenport, F.; Blackett, G. R.; Danyo, K.; Pisharody, M.; Handler, T.; Cheon, B. G.; Kang, J. S.; Kim, K. Y.; E687 Collaboration

1995-02-01

299

Collective motion and giant resonances  

SciTech Connect

This book compiles the papers presented at the conference on the subject of collective motion and giant resonances. Specifically discussed topics are: Beta decay of nuclei and astrophysics; inner hole states and their fragmentation; quantum chrome-dynamics, nuclear reactions of uranium and collective excitations; electron-positron interactions and collective model.

Wilhelmi, Z.; Kicinska-Habior, M.

1986-01-01

300

Low temperature growth of ultra-high mass density carbon nanotube forests on conductive supports  

SciTech Connect

We grow ultra-high mass density carbon nanotube forests at 450 °C on Ti-coated Cu supports using Co-Mo co-catalyst. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows Mo strongly interacts with Ti and Co, suppressing both aggregation and lifting off of Co particles and, thus, promoting the root growth mechanism. The forests average a height of 0.38 ?m and a mass density of 1.6 g cm{sup ?3}. This mass density is the highest reported so far, even at higher temperatures or on insulators. The forests and Cu supports show ohmic conductivity (lowest resistance ?22 k?), suggesting Co-Mo is useful for applications requiring forest growth on conductors.

Sugime, Hisashi; Esconjauregui, Santiago; Yang, Junwei; D'Arsié, Lorenzo; Robertson, John [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom)] [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Oliver, Rachel A. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0FS (United Kingdom)] [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0FS (United Kingdom); Bhardwaj, Sunil [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy) [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy); Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Strada Statale 14, Km 163.5, Trieste I-34149 (Italy); Cepek, Cinzia [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy)] [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy)

2013-08-12

301

ARE MOLECULAR OUTFLOWS AROUND HIGH-MASS STARS DRIVEN BY IONIZATION FEEDBACK?  

SciTech Connect

The formation of massive stars exceeding 10 M {sub Sun} usually results in large-scale molecular outflows. Numerical simulations, including ionization, of the formation of such stars show evidence for ionization-driven molecular outflows. Here we examine whether the outflows seen in these models reproduce the observations. We compute synthetic ALMA and CARMA maps of CO emission lines of the outflows, and compare their signatures to existing single-dish and interferometric data. We find that the ionization-driven models can only reproduce weak outflows around high-mass star-forming regions. We argue that expanding H II regions probably do not represent the dominant mechanism for driving observed outflows. We suggest instead that observed outflows are driven by the collective action of the outflows from the many lower-mass stars that inevitably form around young massive stars in a cluster.

Peters, Thomas; Klessen, Ralf S. [Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Klaassen, Pamela D. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Banerjee, Robi, E-mail: tpeters@physik.uzh.ch [Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)

2012-11-20

302

High-mass star formation due to cloud-cloud collisions  

SciTech Connect

Observational evidence is presented for the compression of molecular gas in the interface between colliding GMCs, and it is proposed that this is the dominant mode for high-mass star formation in the Galaxy. For a sample of 94 GMCs associated with high-luminosity radio H II regions, the efficiency of OB star formation decreases significantly with increasing cloud mass over the observed mass range. It is concluded that star formation is generally not stimulated by an internal mechanism. The formation of OB stars by cloud-cloud collisions is suggested by the observed quadratic dependence of the Galactic H II region distribution on the local density of H2. The preference for OB star formation in spiral arms is then naturally accounted for by orbit crowding and the increased collision frequency of clouds in the spiral arms. 26 references.

Scoville, N.Z.; Sanders, D.B.; Clemens, D.P.

1986-11-01

303

Superorbital Periods in Supergiant High-Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using data from the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) we discovered superorbital periods in four high-mass X-ray binaries accreting from the winds of supergiant primaries: 4U 1909+07 (= X 1908+075), IGR J16418-4532, IGR J16479-4514 and IGR J16493-4348. Together with a previously known superorbital period in 2S 0114+650, the systems show a surprising monotonic relationship between superorbital and orbital periods. We report on a continuing investigation of the superorbital modulation and searches for new superorbital periods including candidate superorbital modulation in IGR J16393-4643 (= AX J16390.4-4642) and 1E 1145.1-6141.

Corbet, Robin; Krimm, Hans A.

2014-08-01

304

A Study of the NGC 7538 IRS 1 HIgh-mass Star Formation Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The pre-main-sequence evolution of forming OB stars and how they interact with their environments is poorly understood. We propose to study one of the prototypical high-mass star formation regions, NGC 7538 IRS 1, in mid-infrared ionic and molecular lines. We began this project in 2013B, and measured the width and flux of the HI n=7-6 line, which suggests that it is formed in an ionized accretion disk. But we were unable to make the desired observations of the surrounding molecular gas due to poor observing conditions. We now propose to observe the H2 J=4-2 line, which we expect to be in absorption, as well as CO and HI n=7-5 at 5um wavelength, to study the absorbing gas and dust surrounding this source.

Lacy, John; Jaffe, Daniel; Richter, Matthew; Liu, Tie

2014-08-01

305

Further properties of high-mass multijet events at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The properties of high-mass multijet events produced at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider are compared with leading order QCD matrix element predictions, QCD parton shower Monte Carlo predictions, and the predictions from a model in which events are distributed uniformly over the available multibody phase space. Multijet distributions corresponding to (4N-4) variables that span the N-body parameter space are found to be well described by the QCD calculations for inclusive three-jet, four-jet, and five-jet events. The agreement between data, QCD matrix element calculations, and QCD parton shower Monte Carlo predictions suggests that 2-->2 scattering plus gluon radiation provides a good first approximation to the full LO QCD matrix element for events with three, four, or even five jets in the final state.

Abe, F.; Akimoto, H.; Akopian, A.; Albrow, M. G.; Amendolia, S. R.; Amidei, D.; Antos, J.; Anway-Wiese, C.; Aota, S.; Apollinari, G.; Asakawa, T.; Ashmanskas, W.; Atac, M.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Badgett, W.; Bagdasarov, S.; Bailey, M. W.; Bao, J.; de Barbaro, P.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barzi, E.; Bauer, G.; Baumann, T.; Bedeschi, F.; Behrends, S.; Belforte, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Benlloch, J.; Bensinger, J.; Benton, D.; Beretvas, A.; Berge, J. P.; Berryhill, J.; Bertolucci, S.; Bhatti, A.; Biery, K.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Blair, R. E.; Blocker, C.; Bodek, A.; Bokhari, W.; Bolognesi, V.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Breccia, L.; Bromberg, C.; Bruner, N.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Byon-Wagner, A.; Byrum, K. L.; Cammerata, J.; Campagnari, C.; Campbell, M.; Caner, A.; Carithers, W.; Carlsmith, D.; Castro, A.; Cauz, D.; Cen, Y.; Cervelli, F.; Chang, P. S.; Chang, P. T.; Chao, H. Y.; Chapman, J.; Cheng, M.-T.; Chiarelli, G.; Chikamatsu, T.; Chiou, C. N.; Christofek, L.; Cihangir, S.; Clark, A. G.; Cobal, M.; Contreras, M.; Conway, J.; Cooper, J.; Cordelli, M.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Crane, D.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Culbertson, R.; Cunningham, J. D.; Daniels, T.; Dejongh, F.; Delchamps, S.; dell'agnello, S.; dell'orso, M.; Demina, R.; Demortier, L.; Denby, B.; Deninno, M.; Derwent, P. F.; Devlin, T.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; Done, J.; Dorigo, T.; Dunn, A.; Eddy, N.; Einsweiler, K.; Elias, J. E.; Ely, R.; Engels, E.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Fan, Q.; Fiori, I.; Flaugher, B.; Foster, G. W.; Franklin, M.; Frautschi, M.; Freeman, J.; Friedman, J.; Frisch, H.; Fuess, T. A.; Fukui, Y.; Funaki, S.; Gagliardi, G.; Galeotti, S.; Gallinaro, M.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Gay, C.; Geer, S.; Gerdes, D. W.; Giannetti, P.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Gladney, L.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Gonzalez, J.; Gordon, A.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Grassmann, H.; Groer, L.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Guillian, G.; Guo, R. S.; Haber, C.; Hafen, E.; Hahn, S. R.; Hamilton, R.; Handler, R.; Hans, R. M.; Hara, K.; Hardman, A. D.; Harral, B.; Harris, R. M.; Hauger, S. A.; Hauser, J.; Hawk, C.; Hayashi, E.; Heinrich, J.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hohlmann, M.; Holck, C.; Hollebeek, R.; Holloway, L.; Hölscher, A.; Hong, S.; Houk, G.; Hu, P.; Huffman, B. T.; Hughes, R.; Huston, J.; Huth, J.; Hylen, J.; Ikeda, H.; Incagli, M.; Incandela, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iwai, J.; Iwata, Y.; Jensen, H.; Joshi, U.; Kadel, R. W.; Kajfasz, E.; Kambara, H.; Kamon, T.; Kaneko, T.; Karr, K.; Kasha, H.; Kato, Y.; Keaffaber, T. A.; Keeble, L.; Kelley, K.; Kennedy, R. D.; Kephart, R.; Kesten, P.; Kestenbaum, D.; Keup, R. M.; Keutelian, H.; Keyvan, F.; Kharadia, B.; Kim, B. J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kirsch, L.; Koehn, P.; Kondo, K.; Konigsberg, J.; Kopp, S.; Kordas, K.; Korytov, A.; Koska, W.; Kovacs, E.; Kowald, W.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuwabara, T.; Kuhlmann, S. E.; Kuns, E.; Laasanen, A. T.; Labanca, N.; Lammel, S.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Lecompte, T.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limon, P.; Lindgren, M.; Liss, T. M.; Lockyer, N.; Long, O.; Loomis, C.; Loreti, M.; Lu, J.; Lucchesi, D.; Lukens, P.; Lusin, S.; Lys, J.; Maeshima, K.; Maghakian, A.; Maksimovic, P.; Mangano, M.; Mansour, J.; Mariotti, M.; Marriner, J. P.; Martin, A.; Matthews, J. A.; Mattingly, R.; McIntyre, P.; Melese, P.; Menzione, A.; Meschi, E.; Metzler, S.; Miao, C.; Miao, T.; Michail, G.; Miller, R.; Minato, H.; Miscetti, S.; Mishina, M.; Mitsushio, H.; Miyamoto, T.; Miyashita, S.; Moggi, N.; Morita, Y.; Mueller, J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, T.; Murat, P.; Nakada, H.; Nakano, I.; Nelson, C.; Neuberger, D.; Newman-Holmes, C.; Ninomiya, M.; Nodulman, L.; Oh, S. H.; Ohl, K. E.; Ohmoto, T.; Ohsugi, T.; Oishi, R.; Okabe, M.; Okusawa, T.; Oliveira, R.; Olsen, J.; Pagliarone, C.; Paoletti, R.; Papadimitriou, V.; Pappas, S. P.; Park, S.; Parri, A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Perazzo, A.; Pescara, L.; Peters, M. D.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pillai, M.; Pitts, K. T.; Plunkett, R.; Pondrom, L.; Proudfoot, J.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ragan, K.; Ribon, A.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robertson, W. J.; Rodrigo, T.; Rolli, S.; Romano, J.; Rosenson, L.; Roser, R.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Saltzberg, D.; Sansoni, A.; Santi, L.; Sato, H.; Scarpine, V.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schmidt, M. P.; Scribano, A.; Segler, S.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Sganos, G.; Shapiro, M. D.; Shaw, N. M.; Shen, Q.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Siegrist, J.; Sill, A.; Sinervo, P.; Singh, P.; Skarha, J.; Sliwa, K.; Snider, F. D.; Song, T.; Spalding, J.; Speer, T.; Sphicas, P.; Spinella, F.; Spiropulu, M.; Spiegel, L.; Stanco, L.; Steele, J.; Stefanini, A.; Strahl, K.; Strait, J.

1996-10-01

306

G0.253+0.016: A Centrally Condensed, High-mass Protocluster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite their importance as stellar nurseries and the building blocks of galaxies, very little is known about the formation of the highest mass clusters. The dense clump G0.253+0.016 represents an example of a clump that may form an Arches-like, high-mass cluster. Here we present molecular line maps toward G0.253+0.016 taken as part of the MALT90 molecular line survey, complemented with APEX observations. Combined, these data reveal the global physical properties and kinematics of G0.253+0.016. Recent Herschel data show that while the dust temperature is low (~19 K) toward its center, the dust temperature on the exterior is higher (~27 K) due to external heating. Our new molecular line data reveal that, overall, the morphology of dense gas detected toward G0.253+0.016 matches its IR extinction and dust continuum emission very well. An anticorrelation between the dust and gas column densities toward its center indicates that the clump is centrally condensed with a cold, dense interior in which the molecular gas is chemically depleted. The velocity field shows a strong gradient along the clump's major axis, with the blueshifted side at a higher Galactic longitude. The optically thick gas tracers are systematically redshifted with respect to the optically thin and hot gas tracers, indicating radial motions. The gas kinematics and line ratios support the recently proposed scenario in which G0.253+0.016 results from a tidal compression during a recent pericenter passage near Sgr A*. Because G0.253+0.016 represents an excellent example of a clump that may form a high-mass cluster, its detailed study should reveal a wealth of knowledge about the early stages of cluster formation.

Rathborne, J. M.; Longmore, S. N.; Jackson, J. M.; Foster, J. B.; Contreras, Y.; Garay, G.; Testi, L.; Alves, J. F.; Bally, J.; Bastian, N.; Kruijssen, J. M. D.; Bressert, E.

2014-05-01

307

Contribution of High-Mass Black Holes to Mergers of Compact Binaries  

SciTech Connect

We consider the merging of compact binaries consisting of a high-mass black hole and a neutron star. From stellar evolutionary calculations that include mass loss, we estimate that a zero-age main sequence (ZAMS) mass of {approx_gt}80 {ital M}{sub {circle_dot}} is necessary before a high-mass black hole can result from a massive O star progenitor. We first consider how Cyg X-1, with its measured orbital radius of {approximately}17 {ital R}{sub {circle_dot}}, might evolve. Although this radius is substantially less than the initial distance of two O stars, it is still so large that the resulting compact objects will merge only if an eccentricity close to unity results from a high kick velocity of the neutron star in the final supernova explosion. We estimate the probability of the necessary eccentricity to be {approximately}1{percent}; i.e., 99{percent} of the time the explosion of a Cyg X-1{endash}type object will end as a binary of compact stars, which will not merge in Hubble time (unless the orbit is tightened in common envelope evolution, which we discuss later). Although we predict {approximately}7 massive binaries of Cyg X-1 type, we argue that only Cyg X-1 is narrow enough to be observed, and that only Cyg X-1 has an appreciable chance of merging in Hubble time. This gives us a merging rate of {approximately}3{times}10{sup {minus}8} yr{sup {minus}1} in the galaxy, the order of magnitude of the merging rate found by computer-driven population syntheses, if extrapolated to our mass limit of 80 {ital M}{sub {circle_dot}} ZAMS mass for high-mass black hole formation. Furthermore, in both our calculation and in those of population syntheses, almost all of the mergings involve an eccentricity close to unity in the final explosion of the O star. From this first part of our development we obtain only a negligible contribution to our final results for mergers, and it turns out to be irrelevant for our final results. In our main development, instead of relying on observed binaries, we consider the general evolution of binaries of massive stars. The critical stage is when the more massive star A has become a black hole and the less massive star B is a giant reaching out to A. We then have a common envelope, and we expect hypercritical accretion to star A. Star A will accept a small fraction of the mass of the envelope of star B, but it will plunge deep into star B while expelling the envelope of star B. We expect that star B can at least be in the mass range 15{approximately}35 {ital M}{sub {circle_dot}}, while the black hole A has a mass of 10 {ital M}{sub {circle_dot}}. About 20{percent} of the binaries of this type are found to end up in a range of orbital radii favorable for merging; i.e., outside of the relevant Roche lobes, but close enough so that these final binaries of compact objects will merge in Hubble time. The narrow black hole O star orbits do not seem to be found in population syntheses, because in them mergers happen almost completely as a result of kick velocities. In the exception (case H of Portegies Zwart & Yungelson, which includes hypercritical accretion), common envelope evolution is more effective and we are in agreement with their results. We find that the high-mass black hole neutron star systems contribute substantially to the predicted observational frequency of gravitational waves. We discuss how our high-mass black hole formation can be reconciled with the requirements of nucleosynthesis, and we indicate that a bimodal distribution of masses of black holes in single stars can account, at least qualitatively, for the many transient sources that contain high-mass black holes. {copyright} {ital {copyright} 1999.} {ital The American Astronomical Society}

Bethe, H.A. [Floyd R. Newman Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Floyd R. Newman Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Brown, G.E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

1999-05-01

308

Exotic physics: search for new physics leading to high mass tau pairs with ppbar collisions at 1.96 tev using cdf ii  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for anomalous resonant production of tau lepton pairs with large invariant mass, the first such search using the CDF II Detector in Run II of the Tevatron p{bar p} collider. Such anomalous production could arise from various new physics processes. In a data sample corresponding to 195 pb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity we predict 2.8 {+-} 0.5 events from Standard Model background processes and observe 4. We use this result to set limits on the production of heavy scalar and vector particles decaying to tau lepton pairs.

Acosta, D.; The CDF Collaboration

2005-06-14

309

Measurements of branching fractions of leptonic and hadronic meson decays and extraction of the meson decay constant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present measurements of absolute branching fractions of hadronic and lep-tonic decays to K - K + ? +, K +, ?? +, ? + ? ? and ? + ? ? and report a search for the leptonic ? e + ? e decays. The results are obtained from a data sample of 913 fb-1 collected at or near the (4 S) and (5 S) resonances with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e + e - collider. The branching fractions of hadronic decays are measured to be where the first and second uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The branching fractions of leptonic decays are measured to be which are combined to determine the meson decay constant We find no significant signal for ? e + ? e decays and set an upper limit of < 1 .0(0 .83) × 10-4 at 95% (90%) confidence level. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Zupanc, A.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, A.; Bhuyan, B.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chang, M.-C.; Chang, P.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Dutta, D.; Eidelman, S.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Ferber, T.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Jaegle, I.; Julius, T.; Kato, E.; Kawai, H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kronenbitter, B.; Kuhr, T.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Libby, J.; Liu, Z. Q.; Liventsev, D.; Lukin, P.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Prim, M.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Steder, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uglov, T.; Uno, S.; Usov, Y.; Vahsen, S. E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Vinokurova, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.

2013-09-01

310

Search for the decay D0??+?-?+?-  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for the D0??+?-?+?- decay, where the muon pair does not originate from a resonance, is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb recorded by the LHCb experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. No signal is observed and an upper limit on the relative branching fraction with respect to the resonant decay mode D0??+?-?(??+?-), under the assumption of a phase-space model, is found to be B(D0??+?-?+?-)/B(D0??+?-?(??+?-))<0.96 at 90% confidence level. The upper limit on the absolute branching fraction is evaluated to be B(D0??+?-?+?-)<5.5×10-7 at 90% confidence level. This is the most stringent to date.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Adrover, C.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Baesso, C.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S.-F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Cruz Torres, M.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Dogaru, M.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; van Eijk, D.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garosi, P.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gorbounov, P.; Gordon, H.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Heß, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hicks, E.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Huse, T.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Lupton, O.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Mancinelli, G.; Maratas, J.; Marconi, U.; Marino, P.; Märki, R.; Marks, J.; Martellotti, G.; Martens, A.

2014-01-01

311

?-delayed fission and ? decay of 178Tl  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A detailed nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope 178Tl has been performed using the highly selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and ISOLDE mass separator (CERN), which allowed a unique isobarically pure beam of 178Tl to be produced. The first identification of the ?-delayed fission of this isotope was made and its probability P?DF(178Tl)=0.15(6)% was determined. An asymmetric fission fragment mass distribution of the daughter isotope 178Hg (populated by the ? decay of 178Tl) was deduced based on the measured fission fragment energies. The fine-structure ?-decay pattern of 178Tl allowed the low-energy states in the daughter nucleus 174Au to be studied.

Liberati, V.; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.; Barzakh, A.; Cocolios, T. E.; Elseviers, J.; Fedorov, D.; Fedoseeev, V. N.; Huyse, M.; Joss, D. T.; Kalaninová, Z.; Köster, U.; Lane, J. F. W.; Marsh, B.; Mengoni, D.; Molkanov, P.; Nishio, K.; Page, R. D.; Patronis, N.; Pauwels, D.; Radulov, D.; Seliverstov, M.; Sjödin, M.; Tsekhanovich, I.; Van den Bergh, P.; Van Duppen, P.; Venhart, M.; Veselský, M.

2013-10-01

312

High mass clearance of autoantibodies from a murine model of lupus nephritis by immunoadsorption using star-configured polyethylene glycols.  

PubMed

The extracorporeal immunoadsorption of antibodies as part of the therapy for human autoimmune diseases has been limited by technology with inadequate and nonselective mass clearance or problems with bioincompatibility. To overcome these shortcomings, we designed a method utilizing star-configured polyethylene glycols (star-PEGs) having up to 63 free arms with immunoreactive (tresylate ester) end-groups for each arm immobilized to a polymer support substrate. The flexibility and length of the arms are thought to allow optimization of epitope presentation and to permit interaction with immunoligands on adjacent arms. To demonstrate efficacy we used an in vitro murine antibody model of human lupus nephritis, wherein we could study the kinetics and mass clearance of hybridoma derived antihistone antibodies from human plasma. Histones were covalently bound to the star-PEG end-groups and the kinetics of antibody adsorption were assessed using a surface plasmon resonance technique. The equilibrium constants of antihistone antibody binding to histone-star-PEGs that were linked to a support grid demonstrated high affinity with a KA of 3.56E + 07 and a KD of 2.81E - 08. The optimum reaction conditions were determined to accomplish the hydrophilization of polysulfone (PS; by an aqueous nitration method) and polymethylmethacrylate substrates (PMMA; by hydrazine), using sheet casts of both polymer substances. Hollow fiber devices of these polymers (commercial hemodialyzers) were modified so that histone-bound star-PEGs were linked to their intracapillary luminal surfaces, using a process which we have shown retains their immunoadsorption properties for antihistone antibodies. A closed loop recirculating model was constructed to measure mass clearance of antibodies from a reservoir. After optimizing conditions using extraction from saline solutions, the removal of antibody from human plasma by control and surface-modified devices was assessed over 4 h. There was no measurable antibody clearance by the control fibers over this time interval. The 2.1 m2 luminal surface area PMMA devices removed 5.0 +/- 1.1 mg, with a maximum of 7.0 mg. The 1.8 m2 PS device cleared 11.3 +/- 6.2 mg with a maximum of 17.5 mg. In summary, star-PEG immunoadsorption is a promising technique for the treatment of human autoimmune disease because it can achieve very high-mass clearance of autoantibodies using modified biocompatible hollow-fiber polymer devices. PMID:11426388

Ross, E A; Branham, M L; Tebbett, I R

2001-04-01

313

Intergrated resonant cantilever sensors with 2nd torsion-mode for fg-level resoluble biomedical detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented is a silicon microcantilever resonant sensor with Lorentz-force exciting and piezoresistive sensing elements integrated for ultra-resoluble biomedical detection. A 2nd torsional resonance mode is excited for high Q-factor, high mass sensitivity and high mass resolution. After the sensor design and fabrication, the sensing properties are tested by biotin-avidin specific binding. With ng\\/mL level immuno-sensing experiment for the hepatoma antigene

Dazhong Jin; Xinxin Li; Zhixiang Zhang; Hanhan Bao; Yuelin Wang; Jian Liu; Haitai Yu

2007-01-01

314

Search for the Rare Leptonic Decay B+??+??  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed a search for the rare leptonic decay B+??+?? with data collected at the ?(4S) resonance by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II storage ring. In a sample of 88.4×106 BB¯ pairs, we find no significant evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fraction B(B+??+??)<6.6×10-6 at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Gaillard, J.-M.; Hicheur, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; Palano, A.; Pompili, A.; Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Abrams, G. S.; Borgland, A. W.; Breon, A. B.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R. N.; Charles, E.; Day, C. T.; Gill, M. S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Groysman, Y.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kadel, R. W.; Kadyk, J.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Kukartsev, G.; Leclerc, C.; Levi, M. E.; Lynch, G.; Mir, L. M.; Oddone, P. J.; Orimoto, T. J.; Pripstein, M.; Roe, N. A.; Ronan, M. T.; Shelkov, V. G.; Telnov, A. V.; Wenzel, W. A.; Ford, K.; Harrison, T. J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Morgan, S. E.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Fritsch, M.; Goetzen, K.; Held, T.; Koch, H.; Lewandowski, B.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Schmuecker, H.; Steinke, M.; Boyd, J. T.; Chevalier, N.; Cottingham, W. N.; Kelly, M. P.; Latham, T. E.; Mackay, C.; Wilson, F. F.; Abe, K.; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Thiessen, D.; Kyberd, P.; McKemey, A. K.; Teodorescu, L.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Golubev, V. B.; Ivanchenko, V. N.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Yushkov, A. N.; Best, D.; Bruinsma, M.; Chao, M.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Mommsen, R. K.; Roethel, W.; Stoker, D. P.; Buchanan, C.; Hartfiel, B. L.; Gary, J. W.; Layter, J.; Shen, B. C.; Wang, K.; del Re, D.; Hadavand, H. K.; Hill, E. J.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Paar, H. P.; Rahatlou, Sh.; Sharma, V.; Berryhill, J. W.; Campagnari, C.; Dahmes, B.; Levy, S. L.; Long, O.; Lu, A.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Verkerke, W.; Beck, T. W.; Beringer, J.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Lockman, W. S.; Schalk, T.; Schmitz, R. E.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Spradlin, P.; Walkowiak, W.; Williams, D. C.; Wilson, M. G.; Albert, J.; Chen, E.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dvoretskii, A.; Erwin, R. J.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Ryd, A.; Samuel, A.; Yang, S.; Jayatilleke, S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Abe, T.; Blanc, F.; Bloom, P.; Chen, S.; Clark, P. J.; Ford, W. T.; Nauenberg, U.; Olivas, A.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; van Hoek, W. C.; Zhang, L.; Harton, J. L.; Hu, T.; Soffer, A.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Zhang, J.; Altenburg, D.; Brandt, T.; Brose, J.; Colberg, T.; Dickopp, M.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Lacker, H. M.; Maly, E.; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R.; Nogowski, R.; Otto, S.; Schubert, J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Spaan, B.; Bernard, D.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Brochard, F.; Grenier, P.; Thiebaux, Ch.; Vasileiadis, G.; Verderi, M.; Bard, D. J.; Khan, A.; Lavin, D.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Andreotti, M.; Azzolini, V.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Luppi, E.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Sarti, A.; Treadwell, E.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Patteri, P.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Buzzo, A.; Capra, R.; Contri, R.; Crosetti, G.; Vetere, M. Lo; Macri, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Santroni, A.; Tosi, S.; Bailey, S.; Morii, M.; Won, E.; Dubitzky, R. S.; Langenegger, U.; Bhimji, W.; Bowerman, D. A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Egede, U.; Gaillard, J. R.; Morton, G. W.; Nash, J. A.; Taylor, G. P.; Grenier, G. J.; Lee, S.-J.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Lamsa, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Yi, J.; Davier, M.; Grosdidier, G.; Höcker, A.; Laplace, S.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Petersen, T. C.; Plaszczynski, S.; Schune, M. H.; Tantot, L.; Wormser, G.; Brigljevi?, V.; Cheng, C. H.; Lange, D. J.; Simani, M. C.; Wright, D. M.; Bevan, A. J.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Kay, M.; Parry, R. J.; Payne, D. J.; Sloane, R. J.; Touramanis, C.; Back, J. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Mohanty, G. B.; Brown, C. L.; Cowan, G.; Flack, R. L.; Flaecher, H. U.; George, S.; Green, M. G.; Kurup, A.; Marker, C. E.; McMahon, T. R.; Ricciardi, S.; Salvatore, F.; Vaitsas, G.; Winter, M. A.; Brown, D.; Davis, C. L.; Allison, J.; Barlow, N. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Hart, P. A.; Hodgkinson, M. C.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lyon, A. J.; Williams, J. C.; Farbin, A.; Hulsbergen, W. D.; Jawahery, A.; Kovalskyi, D.; Lae, C. K.; Lillard, V.; Roberts, D. A.; Blaylock, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Flood, K. T.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Kofler, R.; Koptchev, V. B.; Moore, T. B.; Saremi, S.; Staengle, H.; Willocq, S.; Cowan, R.; Sciolla, G.; Taylor, F.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Mangeol, D. J.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Lazzaro, A.; Palombo, F.; Bauer, J. M.; Cremaldi, L.; Eschenburg, V.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Reidy, J.; Sanders, D. A.; Summers, D. J.; Zhao, H. W.; Brunet, S.; Cote-Ahern, D.; Taras, P.

2004-06-01

315

Search for leptoquarks in Z0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have searched for direct leptoquark production in Z0 decays from a scan of the Z0 resonance, in the energy range 88.2 <= &surd;s <= 94.2 GeV, using 5.2 pb-1 of data. We exclude the existence of scalar leptoquarks with masses less than 41 to 44 GeV, depending on the charge assignments, at the 95% confidence level. Supported by the

B. Adeva; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; L. Barone; A. Bay; U. Becker; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; A. Biland; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; P. Blömeke; B. Blumenfeld; G. J. Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R. Bock; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; M. Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B. Bouwens; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; F. Bruyant; C. Buisson; A. Bujak; J. D. Burger; J D Burger; J. Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; F. Carbonara; P. Cardenal; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M. Cerrada; F. Cesaroni; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; F. Chollet; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; V. Commichau; G. Conforto; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; F. Diez-Hedo; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; R. Divià; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; T. Driever; D Duschesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; R. Fabbretti; G. Faber; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; Q. Fan; S. J. Fan; O. Fackler; J. Fay; J. Fehlmann; T. Ferguson; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; J. Field; Frank Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; Klaus Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; M. Glaubman; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gordeev; P. Göttlicher; D. Goujon; Giorgio Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; H. Haan; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; L. S. Hsu; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; Vincenzo Innocente; E. Isiksal; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu A Kamyshkov; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; V. Khoze; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W W Kinnison; D. Kirkby; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; O. Kornadt; V F Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; J F Krizmanic; K. S. Kumar; V. Kumar; A. Kunin; V. Lalieu; G. Landi; K. Lanius; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P Lecomte; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; L. Leistam; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; P. M. Levchenko; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; J. F. Li; L. Li; P. J. Li; Q. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; R. Liu; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; X. Lue; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; R. Magahiz; M. Maire; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marchionni; B. Martin; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; G. Morand; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; L. Niessen; H. Nowak; D. Pandoulas; F. Plasil; G Paternoster; S. Patricelli; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; O. Rind; C. Rippich; H. A. Rizvi; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; U. Roeser; L. Romero; J. Rose; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; André Rubbia; Juan Antonio Rubio; M. Rubio; W. Ruckstuhl; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; J. Salicio; G. Sanders; M. S. Sarakinos; G. Sartorelli; G. Sauvage; A. Savin; V Shchegelskii; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; Herwig Franz Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; Johannes C Sens; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; V. Shevchenko; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; K D Shmakov; V. Shoutko; E. Shumilov; N. Smirnov; E. Soderstrom; André Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; B. Spiess; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Sticozzi; W. Stoeffl; H. Stone; K. Strauch; B. C. Stringfellow; K. Sudhakar; G G Sultanov; R. L. Sumner

1991-01-01

316

Multiple low-turbulence starless cores associated with intermediate- to high-mass star formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: Characterizing the gas and dust properties prior to and in the neighborhood of active intermediate- to high-mass star formation. Methods: Two Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs) - IRDC 19175-4 and IRDC 19175-5 - that are located in the vicinity of the luminous massive star-forming region IRAS 19175+1357, but that remain absorption features up to 70 ?m wavelength, were observed with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer in the 3.23 mm dust continuum as well as the N2H^+(1-0) and 13CS(2-1) line emission. Results: While IRDC 19175-4 is clearly detected in the 3.23 mm continuum, the second source in the field, IRDC 19175-5, is only barely observable above the 3? continuum detection threshold. However, the N2H^+(1-0) observations reveal 17 separate sub-sources in the vicinity of the two IRDCs. Most of them exhibit low levels of turbulence (? v ? 1 km s-1), indicating that the fragmentation process in these cores may be dominated by the interplay of thermal pressure and gravity, but not so much by turbulence. Combining the small line widths with the non-detection up to 70 ?m and the absence of other signs of star formation activity, most of these 17 cores with masses between sub-solar to ~10 M? are likely still in a starless phase. The N2H+ column density analysis indicates significant abundance variations between the cores. Furthermore, we find a large CS depletion factor of the order 100. Although the strongest line and continuum peak is close to virial equilibrium, its slightly broader line width compared to the other cores is consistent with it being in a contraction phase potentially at the verge of star formation. Based on the 3.23 mm upper limits, the other cores may be gravitationally stable or even transient structures. The relative peak velocities between neighboring cores are usually below 1 km s-1, and we do not identify streaming motions along the filamentary structures. Average densities are between 105 and 106 cm-3 (one to two orders of magnitude larger than for example in the Pipe nebula) implying relatively small Jeans-lengths that are consistent with the observed core separations of the order 5000 AU. Environmental reasons potentially determining these values are discussed. Conclusions: These observations show that multiple low- to intermediate-mass low-turbulence starless cores can exist in the proximity of more turbulent active intermediate- to high-mass star-forming regions. While masses and levels of turbulence are consistent with low-mass starless core regions, other parameters like the densities or Jeans-lengths differ considerably. This may be due to environmental effects. The quest for high-mass starless cores prior to any star formation activity remains open. Plateau de Bure maps as FITS are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/503/859

Beuther, H.; Henning, Th.

2009-09-01

317

Water deuterium fractionation in the high-mass hot core G34.26+0.15  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Water is an essential molecule in oxygen chemistry and the main constituent of grain icy mantles. The formation of water can be studied through the HDO/H2O ratio. Thanks to the launch of the Herschel satellite and the advance of sensitive submillimeter receivers on ground telescopes, many H2O and HDO transitions can now be observed, enabling more accurate studies of the level of water fractionation. Aims: Using these new technologies, we aim at revisiting the water fractionation studies toward massive star-forming regions. We present here a detailed study toward G34.26+0.15, a massive star-forming region associated with compact HII regions. Methods: We present observations of five HDO lines obtained with the APEX telescope. Two of those transitions are ground-state transitions. Two of the three high-excitation lines were additionally observed at higher angular resolution with the SMA. We analyzed these observations using the 1D radiative transfer code RATRAN and adopting different physical profiles from two different models. Results: Although the inner and outer fractional abundances relative to H2 can be best constrained to be XHDOin(T > 100 K) = (5-7) × 10-8(3?) and XHDOout(T ? 100 K) = (0.3-2) × 10-11(3?), the line profile of the 893 GHz ground transition cannot be well reproduced. This line profile is shown to be very sensitive to the velocity field. To better constrain the velocity field, it is necessary to observe the HDO line at 893 GHz with high angular resolution. The H2O abundance is deduced from one high-excitation and one ground transition {H_218}O line. The D/H ratios of water are 3.0 × 10-4 in the inner region and (1.9-4.9) × 10-4 in the outer region of the core. The HDO fractional abundance in the inner and outer regions are different by more than four orders, which implies that the sublimation is very similar in low- and high-mass protostars. The D/H ratios of water in G34.26 + 0.15 are close to the value obtained for the same source in a previous study, and similar to those in other high-mass sources, but lower than those in low-mass protostars, suggesting the possibility that the dense and cold pre-collapse phase is shorter for high-mass star-forming regions. Based on observations with the APEX telescope and the SMA. APEX is a collaboration between the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, the European Southern Observatory, and the Onsala Space Observatory. The Submillimeter Array (SMA) is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica.Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Liu, F.-C.; Parise, B.; Wyrowski, F.; Zhang, Q.; Güsten, R.

2013-02-01

318

Inferring the Evolutionary Stages of High-mass Star-forming Regions from Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The earliest phases of the high-mass star-forming regions (HMSFRs) have so many extremely complicated astrophysical processes, such as infall, outflows, and fragmentations that kinematic studies are not enough to understand all the mysteries, therefore, chemistry has developed into a powerful tool in probing the nature of them. Using PdBI at 1.3 mm, we observed two typical HMSFRs, NGC 7538 S and NGC 7538 IRS. Continuums are presented, the spectra from different substructures in each source are extracted and the intensity-integrated distribution maps for different species are imaged. We then calculate their column densities, and abundances in each identified substructure, assuming local thermal equilibrium, optically thin and uniform widths lines for all species. With spatial resolution of 0.4'' (800 AU), NGC 7538 S fragmentations into at least three cores, having similar continuum flux densities but different kinematic temperatures nor line properties, and exhibiting evolutionary sequence from northeast to southwest: MM1 is more evolved, and is a typical hot molecular core, associated with an accretion disk and several outflows, which enhance certain molecular abundances in the projected direction; MM2 is a high mass protostar object, where majority of molecules have abundances lower than in MM1, except for the lower temperature tracers, e.g., ketene, formaldehyde; whereas MM3 is still a cold starless core, and the spectral emissions in this substructure are only from molecules with low vibration temperatures. Since they are embedded in the same cluster but behave different properties, they should have the similar ages but different warm-up timescales. In comparison, IRS1 remains unresolved, though, large amount of complex organic molecules indicates it as the most evolved hot core in all the substructures here we studied. Absorption feature only appears on the spectrum extracted from the continuum peak, and that may come from its precession accretion disk, together with the outflow whose collimated cavity is along the line of sight; while at least three odd emission lines on this spectrum may be owing to the population inversion of methanol.

Feng, Siyi; Beuther, H.; Henning, T.; Semenov, D.; Linz, H.; Institute for Astronomy, Max-Planck

2014-01-01

319

Resonances in general relativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study decay properties of linear waves on Kerr and Kerr-de Sitter black hole backgrounds. We are particularly interested in quasi-normal modes (QNMs), which are the complex frequencies of exponentially decaying and oscillating solutions to the wave equation. For slowly rotating Kerr-de Sitter black holes, we show that QNMs obey a quantization condition; that is, they lie asymptotically on a lattice. We also obtain a resonance expansion of linear waves in terms of QNMs. For the general Kerr-de Sitter case and its small stationary perturbations, we use r-normal hyperbolicity of the set of trapped lightlike rays to obtain a band of QNMs with a Weyl law.

Dyatlov, Semen Vladimirovich

320

Nuclear Structure Information from 208Pb(p, p') via Isobaric Analog Resonances in 209Bi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We studied the inelastic proton scattering on the doubly magic nucleus 208Pb via isobaric analog resonances (IAR) in 209Bi. In the proton decay of the intruder resonance j15/2 several states with positive parity are identified...

Heusler, A.; von Brentano, P.; Faestermann, T.; Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Jolie, J.; Krücken, R.; Maier, K. H.; Mücher, D.; Pietralla, N.; Riess, F.; Werner, V.; Wirth, H.-F.

2008-04-01

321

CLUSTERING BETWEEN HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARIES AND OB ASSOCIATIONS IN THE MILKY WAY  

SciTech Connect

We present the first direct measurement of the spatial cross-correlation function of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) and active OB star-forming complexes in the Milky Way. This result relied on a sample containing 79 hard X-ray-selected HMXBs and 458 OB associations. Clustering between the two populations is detected with a significance above 7{sigma} for distances <1 kpc. Thus, HMXBs closely trace the underlying distribution of the massive star-forming regions that are expected to produce the progenitor stars of HMXBs. The average offset of 0.4 {+-} 0.2 kpc between HMXBs and OB associations is consistent with being due to natal kicks at velocities of the order of 100 {+-} 50 km s{sup -1}. The characteristic scale of the correlation function suggests an average kinematical age (since the supernova phase) of {approx}4 Myr for the HMXB population. Despite being derived from a global view of our Galaxy, these signatures of HMXB evolution are consistent with theoretical expectations as well as observations of individual objects.

Bodaghee, A.; Tomsick, J. A. [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Rodriguez, J. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU, Universite Paris Diderot, CNRS/INSU, CEA DSM/IRFU/SAp, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); James, J. B., E-mail: bodaghee@ssl.berkeley.edu [Dark Cosmology Centre, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2012-01-10

322

Standardization of Comparison Stars in the Fields of 10 High Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To support our current observing program to monitor High Mass X-ray Binary (HMXB) systems for optical variability, we calibrated a large sample of comparison stars in the fields of ten HMXB systems. This was done using the new BYU West Mountain 0.9-m telescope. Calibrations were done in the B, V, and I filter with Landolt standard fields. Two of our systems, 4U 1907+09 and KS 1947+300, had previously published magnitudes for the optical counterpart of each x-ray system. The eight remaining systems had no identified optical counterparts. These systems include: AXJ1844.8-0258, 4U 1850-03, 4U 1901+03, 4U 1908+075, XTE J1906+090, XTE J1908+094, IGR J19140+0951, and IGR 18410-0535. We will report on the calibrations for each field and an attempt to identify each optical counterpart. This work is supported by NSF grants AST-0618209. We also acknowledge support from a BYU ORCA MEG grant.

Hintz, Eric G.; Joner, M. D.

2011-01-01

323

High-Mass Star Formation in IRDCs: The Role of Magnetic Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the Galactic magnetic field in creating high-mass stars within Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs) is not well understood. Three prevailing theories describing the nature of the magnetic field are strong-field models, weak-field models, and helical fields. Each has different implications of how the field affects cloud and star formation. We use a sample of 30 IRDCs in the first Galactic quadrant to study the relationships between magnetic fields and cloud properties. To trace the magnetic field in the vicinity of the clouds, we use near-infrared (NIR) H (1.6 ?m) and K-band (2.2 ?m) polarimetric observations of background starlight from the Mimir instrument on the 1.8m Perkins telescope. The Herschel Hi-GAL Survey of dust continuum emission was used to estimate the IRDC column densities, and the Spitzer GLIMPSE & MIPSGAL Surveys were used to find their level of star formation activity. We determine whether the direction of the magnetic field inferred from the NIR polarizations differentiate between the different magnetic field models, and whether any correlations exist between magnetic field properties (direction and dispersion) and IRDC properties, such as density and level of star formation activity. This work is partially supported by NSF grant AST 09-07790.

Hoq, Sadia; Clemens, Dan P.

2014-06-01

324

The Spatial Structure of Young Stellar Clusters in High-Mass Star-Forming Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spatial distributions of young stars in star-forming regions can be linked to the theory of clustered star formation using spatial statistical methods. The MYStIX project (Massive Young stellar clusters Study in Infrared and X-rays) provides rich samples of young stars from the nearest high-mass star-forming regions. Maps of stellar surface density reveal diverse structure and subclustering. Young stellar clusters and subclusters are fit with isothermal spheres and ellipsoids using the Bayesian Information Criterion to estimate the number of subclusters. We investigate the relation between (sub)cluster size and density and examine evidence for dynamical relaxation in some of the (sub)clusters. Clustering properties are also measured using Cartwright and Whitworth's Q statistic and the inhomogeneous two-point correlation function, which can be used to distinguish between centrally concentrated and fractal distributions. Mass segregation is detected in several cases, in both centrally concentrated and fractally structured star clusters, but a few clusters are not mass segregated. We discuss the astrophysical implications of the comparison of cluster structures in the different regions.

Kuhn, Michael

2013-01-01

325

Looking for High-Mass X-ray Binaries in the Small Magellanic Cloud  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) is host to approximately 100 High-Mass X-ray Binaries (HMXBs), predominantly Be X-ray Binaries (BeXRBs), a number which is surprisingly high when compared to the Milky Way. As these galaxies present different metallicities it is reasonable to ask if their populations of HMXBs are different. In order to address this we investigated their properties such as their spectral types and orbital parameters (periods and eccentricities). We find no apparent differences, implying that the nature of these systems is similar which sets at the same time strong constraints on the magnitude of supernova kicks in low metallicities. In order to extend the sample of BeXRBs we performed a systematic photometric survey of selected active regions of the SMC. Since the optical counterparts of the BeXRBs display Halpha excess they can be identified through Halpha imaging. Observations in 5 regions with the Wide Field Imager at the 2.2m MPG/ESO telescope yield approximately 24000 Halpha emitting stars. By cross-correlating these sources with those identified in the Chandra and XMM-Newton shallow surveys of the SMC and the census of HMXBs of Liu et al. (2005), we find 34 Halpha emitting X-ray sources. These are most likely BeXRBs, which we will confirm with follow-up spectroscopic runs.

Maravelias, G.; Zezas, A.; Antoniou, V.; Hatzidimitriou, D.; Haberl, F.

2013-09-01

326

Shadow of a Large Disc Casts New Light on the Formation of High Mass Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Massive Star Observed that Forms through a Rotating Accretion Disc Summary Based on a large observational effort with different telescopes and instruments, mostly from the European Southern Observatory (ESO), a team of European astronomers [1] has shown that in the M 17 nebula a high mass star [2] forms via accretion through a circumstellar disc, i.e. through the same channel as low-mass stars. To reach this conclusion, the astronomers used very sensitive infrared instruments to penetrate the south-western molecular cloud of M 17 so that faint emission from gas heated up by a cluster of massive stars, partly located behind the molecular cloud, could be detected through the dust. Against the background of this hot region a large opaque silhouette, which resembles a flared disc seen nearly edge-on, is found to be associated with an hour-glass shaped reflection nebula. This system complies perfectly with a newly forming high-mass star surrounded by a huge accretion disc and accompanied by an energetic bipolar mass outflow. The new observations corroborate recent theoretical calculations which claim that stars up to 40 times more massive than the Sun can be formed by the same processes that are active during the formation of stars of smaller masses. PR Photo 15a/04: Stellar cluster and star-forming region M 17 (also available without text inside photo) PR Photo 15b/04: Silhouette disc seen in M 17 PR Photo 15c/04: Rotation of the disc in M 17. PR Photo 15d/04: Bipolar reflection nebula and silhouette disc of a young, massive star in M 17 PR Photo 15e/04: Optical spectrum of the bipolar nebula. PR Video 03/04: Zooming in onto the disc. The M 17 region ESO PR Photo 15a/04 ESO PR Photo 15a/04 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 497 pix - 271k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 958 pix - 604k] ESO PR Photo 15a1/04 ESO PR Photo 15a/04 (without text within photo) [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 480 pix - 275k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 959 pix - 634k] [High-Res - JPEG: 3000 x 3597 pix - 3.8M] [Full-Res - JPEG: 3815 x 4574 pix - 5.4M] Caption: PR Photo 15a/04 is a reproduction of a three-colour composite of the sky region of M 17, a H II region excited by a cluster of young, hot stars. A large silhouette disc has been found to the south-west of the cluster centre. The area within the indicated square is shown in more detail in PR Photo 15b/04. The present image was obtained with the ISAAC near-infrared instrument at the 8.2-m VLT ANTU telescope at Paranal. In the left photo, the orientation and the scale at the distance of M 17 (7,000 light-years) are indicated, and the main regions are identified. To the right, this beautiful photo is available without text and in full resolution for reproduction purposes. While many details related to the formation and early evolution of low-mass stars like the Sun are now well understood, the basic scenario that leads to the formation of high-mass stars [2] still remains a mystery. Two possible scenarios for the formation of massive stars are currently being studied. In the first, such stars form by accretion of large amounts of circumstellar material; the infall onto the nascent star varies with time. Another possibility is formation by collision (coalescence) of protostars of intermediate masses, increasing the stellar mass in "jumps". In their continuing quest to add more pieces to the puzzle and help providing an answer to this fundamental question, a team of European astronomers [1] used a battery of telescopes, mostly at two of the European Southern Observatory's Chilean sites of La Silla and Paranal, to study in unsurpassed detail the Omega nebula. The Omega nebula, also known as the 17th object in the list of famous French astronomer Charles Messier, i.e. Messier 17 or M 17, is one of the most prominent star forming regions in our Galaxy. It is located at a distance of 7,000 light-years. M 17 is extremely young - in astronomical terms - as witnessed by the presence of a cluster of high-mass stars that ionise the surrounding hydrogen gas and create a so-called H II region. The total luminosity of these stars exceeds

2004-05-01

327

Velocity, Density, and Magnetic Field Structure in High-Mass Star Forming Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To understand the detailed structure of four representative high-mass star forming regions, we have performed a comparative analysis of magnetic field structure; mass and velocity structure; and local features such as HII regions, outflows, and infrared sources. This work considers areas 5-15arcmin on a side in Orion A (BN/KL and Bar regions), NGC 2024, W3 Main, and M17. Primary data include (13) CO J=1-0 maps with 50arcsec spatial resolution and 0.1 km\\:s(-1) velocity resolution as well as 100 micron dust emission polarization maps with 35arcsec resolution (provided by J.L. Dotson, C.D. Dowell, D. Schleuning, and R.H. Hildebrand). These recently obtained emission polarization maps represent reliable probes of the projected magnetic field direction in dense clouds. We isolate velocity components in the spectra and then go on to analyze patterns in linewidth, component velocity, column density, polarization percentage, polarization direction, and dispersion in polarization position angle. Our analysis also makes use of field strength measurements and other data in the literature to form a coherent physical picture of what is happening in each source. By comparing the relative importance of magnetic, kinetic, and gravitational energies as well as the dynamical significance of such energetic features as HII regions and outflows, we evaluate the role of the magnetic field in each region.

Kannappan, S. J.; Goodman, A. A.

1995-12-01

328

Structure and Dynamics of Stellar Winds in High-Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of spectroscopic results obtained from Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS) and XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) observations of several wind-fed high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) is presented. These observations allow us to study the structure of the stellar wind in more detail and provide, for the first time, a dyanmical view of the X-ray photoionized wind that surrounds the compact object. At the same time, however, they are also providing us with numerous puzzles that cannot be explained in terms of simple models. For example, simple spherically-symmetric wind models cannot explain the observed orbital-phase variability of the line intensities and shapes, which may be caused by intrinsic asymmetries due to the presence of the compact object and/or more complicated radiative transfer effects. The observed line shifts are smaller than those expected from extensions of simple wind models of isolated OB supergiants. In addition, several novel spectroscopic discoveries have been made, including: (1) P-Cygni lines from an expanding wind, (2) detection of multiple Si K fluorescent lines from a wide range of charge states, (3) Compton scattered Fe K lines from a cold medium. We discuss how these spectroscopic diagnostics can be used to understand some of the global properties of stellar winds in HMXBs.

Sako, M.; Kahn, S. M.; Paerels, F.; Liedahl, D. A.; Watanabe, S.; Nagase, F.; Takahashi, T.

2002-12-01

329

High-mass-flux coal gasifier. Final report, Phase III. [Bill high mom flux  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the design, analysis, construction and test activities associated with bringing a short-residence-time, entrained-flow gasifier Process Development Unit (PDU) to operational status. The basis High Mass Flux (HMF) gasifier, incorporated in the PDU, operates at a coal through-put of twelve tons per day, a pressure of fifteen atmospheres and processes coal, oxygen and steam to produce a synthesis gas. When applied to the production of Substitute Natural Gas (SNG), the option exists to add secondary coal to the basic HMF gasifier, for the purpose of enhancing the methane content of the product. A secondary coal feed system was developed and its injection capability demonstrated in a cold flow test facility. Operability and performance of the synthesis gas stage of the HMF gasifier were demonstrated with Pittsburgh seam coal and North Dakota Lignite. Curtailment of testing precluded the conduct of any gasification tests with secondary coal injection. Included in the main program was a task to evaluate the effects of slag fluxing additives upon viscosity/temperature relationships for Pittsburgh seal coal slags. The testing associated with this task was conducted by the Alfred University Research Foundation (AURF).

Simpkin, A.J.; Montanino, L.N.; Reinhardt, T.F.; Ferger, T.M.

1981-05-01

330

A search for lepton flavour violation in Z0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have searched for lepton flavour violation in about 14000 Z0 decays into collinear lepton pairs, recorded in an energy scan around the Z0 resonance. Decays of the type Z0-->etau, Z0-->mutau and Z0-->emu have been considered. Observed candidates in the etau and mutau modes are consistent with expected Z0-->tau+tau- backgrounds; no candidates are observed for the emu mode. We obtain

M. Z. Akrawy; Gideon Alexander; J. Allison; P. P. Allport; K. J. Anderson; J. C. Armitage; G. T. J. Arnison; P. Ashton; G. Azuelos; J. T. M. Baines; A. H. Ball; J. Banks; G. J. Barker; R. J. Barlow; J. R. Batley; A. Beck; J. Becker; T. Behnke; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; U. Binder; I. J. Bloodworth; P. Bock; H. Breuker; R. M. Brown; R Barillère; A. Buijs; H. J. Burckhart; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; D. G. Charlton; J. T. M. Chrin; P. E. L. Clarke; I. Cohen; W. J. Collins; J. E. Conboy; M. Couch; M. Coupland; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; G. M. Dallavalle; P. Debu; M. M. Deninno; A. Dieckmann; M. Dittmar; M. S. Dixit; E. Duchovni; I. P. Duerdoth; D. J. P. Dumas; P. A. Elcombe; P. G. Estarbrooks; E. Etzion; F. Fabbri; P. Farthouat; H. M. Fischer; D. G. Fong; M. T. French; C. Fukunaga; A. Gaidot; O. Ganel; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; N. I. Geddes; C. N. P. Gee; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; G. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; J. D. Gillies; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; D. Granite; E. Gross; J. Grunhaus; H. Hagedorn; J. Hagemann; M. Hansroul; C. K. Hargrove; I. Harrus; J. Hart; P. M. Hattersley; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; E. Heflin; R. J. Hemingway; R. D. Heuer; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; C. Ho; J. D. Hobbs; P. R. Hobson; D. Hochman; B. Holl; R. J. Homer; S. R. Hou; C. P. Howarth; R. E. Hughes-Jones; R. Humbert; P. Igo-Kemenes; H. Ihssen; D. C. Imrie; L. Janissen; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; M. Jobes; R. W. L. Jones; P. Jovanovic; D. Karlen; K. Kawagoe; T. Kawamoto; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; C. Kleinwort; D. E. Klem; G. Knop; T. Kobayashi; T. P. Kokott; L. Köpke; R. Kowalewski; H. Kreutzmann; J. Kroll; M. Kuwano; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; F. Lamarche; W. J. Larson; J. G. Layter; P. Le Du; P. Leblanc; A. M. Lee; M. H. Lehto; D. Lellouch; P. Lennert; L. Lessard; L. Levinson; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; J. M. Lorah; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; J. Ludwig; J. Ma; A. A. MacBeth; M