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1

Search for narrow high-mass resonances in radiative decays of the Z0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We search for new resonances, Y, with mass MY, in the range from 30 to 89 GeV, produced via the reaction e+e- --> Z0 -->gammaY, where Y subsequently decays into e+e-, mu+mu- or hadrons. We use 5.5.pb-1 of data collected in the energy range 88.2 <= sqrt(s) <= 94.2 GeV, near the Z0 peak. We obtain the following upper limits,

B. Adeva; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; T. Aziz; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; L. Barone; A. Bay; U. Becker; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; B. L. Betev; A. Biland; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; P. Blömeke; B. Blumenfeld; Gerjan J Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R K Böck; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; Maurice Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B T Bouwens; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; F. Bruyant; C. Buisson; A T Bujak; J. D. Burger; J. P. Burq; J K Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; F. Carbonara; P. Cardenal; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M Cerrada-Canales; F. Cesaroni; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; F. Chollet; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; V. Commichau; G. Conforto; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; F. Diez-Hedo; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; R. Diviá; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; T. Driever; D Duschesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; R. Fabbretti; G. Faber; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; Q. Fan; S. J. Fan; O. Fackler; J. Fay; J. Fehlmann; T. Ferguson; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; J. Field; Frank Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; Klaus Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; M. Glaubman; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gordeev; P. Göttlicher; D. Goujon; Giorgio Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; H. Haan; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; L. S. Hsu; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; Vincenzo Innocente; E. Isiksal; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu A Kamyshkov; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; V. Khoze; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W W Kinnison; D. Kirkby; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; O. Kornadt; V F Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; J F Krizmanic; K. S. Kumar; V. Kumar; A. Kunin; V. Lalieu; G. Landi; K. Lanius; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P Lecomte; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; L. Leistam; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; P. M. Levchenko; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; J. F. Li; L. Li; P. J. Li; Q. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; R. Liu; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; X. Lue; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; R. Magahiz; M. Maire; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marchionni; B. Martin; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; G. Morand; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; L. Niessen; H. Nowak; D. Pandoulas; F. Plasil; G Paternoster; S. Patricelli; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Oian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; Z. Ren; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; O. Rind; C. Rippich; H. A. Rizvi; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; L. Romero; J. Rose; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; A. Rubbia; J. A. Rubio; M. Rubio; W. Ruckstuhl; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; J. Salicio; G. Sanders; M. S. Sarakinos; G. Sartorelli; A. Savin; V. Schegelsky; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; Herwig Franz Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; Johannes C Sens; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; V. Shevchenko; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; K D Shmakov; V. Shoutko; E. Shumilov; N. Smirnov; E. Soderstrom; André Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; B. Spiess; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Stocozzi; W. Stoeffl; H. Stone; K. Strauch; B. C. Stringfellow; K. Sudhakar; G G Sultanov; R. L. Summer

1991-01-01

2

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to dimuons at CDF.  

PubMed

We present a search for high-mass neutral resonances using dimuon data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb(-1) collected in pp[over ] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed in the dimuon invariant-mass spectrum. We set 95% confidence level upper limits on sigmaBR(pp-->X-->micromicro), where X is a boson with spin-0, 1, or 2. Using these cross section limits, we determine lower mass limits on sneutrinos in R-parity-violating supersymmetric models, Z' bosons, and Kaluza-Klein gravitons in the Randall-Sundrum model. PMID:19392510

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Akimoto, T; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Azzurri, P; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burke, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; Derwent, P F; di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Genser, K; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-S; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Luci, C; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moggi, N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlok, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Pagan Griso, S; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramonov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J

2009-03-01

3

A search for high-mass resonances decaying to ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-print Network

This Letter presents a search for high-mass resonances decaying into ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] final states using proton–proton collisions at ?s = 7 TeV produced by the Large Hadron Collider. The data were recorded ...

Taylor, Frank E.

4

Search for High Mass Resonances Decaying to Muon Pairs in $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV $p\\bar{p}$ Collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for a new narrow, spin-1, high mass resonance decaying to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} + X, using a matrix element based likelihood and a simultaneous measurement of the resonance mass and production rate. In data with 4.6 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the CDF detector in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1960 GeV, the most likely signal cross section is consistent with zero at 16% confidence level. We therefore do not observe evidence for a high mass resonance, and place limits on models predicting spin-1 resonances, including M > 1071 GeV/c{sup 2} at 95% confidence level for a Z{prime} boson with the same couplings to fermions as the Z boson.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2011-01-01

5

Search for high-mass resonances decaying into $ZZ$ in p$\\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$\\,TeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors search for high-mass resonances decaying into Z boson pairs using data corresponding to 6 fb{sup -1} collected by the CDF experiment in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The search is performed in three distinct final states: ZZ {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}, ZZ {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}{nu}{nu}, and ZZ {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}jj. For a Randall-Sundrum graviton G*, the 95% CL upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio to ZZ, {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} G* {yields} ZZ), vary between 0.26 pb and 0.045 pb in the mass range 300 < M{sub G*} < 1000 GeV/c{sup 2}.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U. /Fermilab; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U.; Artikov, A.; /Dubna, JINR /Texas A-M

2011-11-01

6

Search for high-mass resonances decaying to dilepton final states in pp collisions at sqrt{s}=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider is used to search for high-mass resonances decaying to an electron-positron pair or a muon-antimuon pair. The search is sensitive to heavy neutral Z' gauge bosons, Randall-Sundrum gravitons, Z * bosons, techni-mesons, Kaluza-Klein Z/? bosons, and bosons predicted by Torsion models. Results are presented based on an analysis of pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 fb-1 in the e + e - channel and 5.0 fb-1 in the ? + ? -channel. A Z ' boson with Standard Model-like couplings is excluded at 95 % confidence level for masses below 2.22 TeV. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling {k / {{{{overline{M}}_{Pl}}}} .}=0.1 is excluded at 95 % confidence level for masses below 2.16 TeV. Limits on the other models are also presented, including Technicolor and Minimal Z' Models.

Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Altheimer, A. D.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amorim, A.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Anduaga, X. S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J.-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Basye, A.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, A. K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bittner, B.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Bloch, I.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.; Buanes, T.; Buat, Q.; Bucci, F.; Buchanan, J.; Buchholz, P.

2012-11-01

7

SEARCH FOR HIGH-MASS RESONANCES DECAYING TO e-mu IN ppbar COLLISIONS AT s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We describe a general search for resonances decaying to a neutral e{mu} final state in p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. Using a data sample representing 344 pb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity recorded by the CDF II experiment, we compare Standard Model predictions with the number of observed events for invariant masses between 50 and 800 GeV/c{sup 2}. Finding no significant excess (5 events observed vs. 7.7 {+-} 0.8 expected for M{sub e{mu}} > 100 GeV/c{sup 2}), we set limits on sneutrino and Z' masses as functions of lepton family number violating couplings.

Hahn, Kristian Allan; /Pennsylvania U.

2006-08-01

8

Search for high-mass dilepton resonances in pp collisions at ?s = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-print Network

The ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider is used to search for high-mass resonances decaying to dielectron or dimuon final states. Results are presented from an analysis of proton-proton (pp) collisions at a ...

Taylor, Frank E.

9

Highly Mass-Sensitive Thin Film Plate Acoustic Resonators (FPAR)  

PubMed Central

The mass sensitivity of thin aluminum nitride (AlN) film S0 Lamb wave resonators is theoretically and experimentally studied. Theoretical predictions based on modal and finite elements method analysis are experimentally verified. Here, two-port 888 MHz synchronous FPARs are micromachined and subsequently coated with hexamethyl-disiloxane(HMDSO)-plasma-polymerized thin films of various thicknesses. Systematic data on frequency shift and insertion loss versus film thickness are presented. FPARs demonstrate high mass-loading sensitivity as well as good tolerance towards the HMDSO viscous losses. Initial measurements in gas phase environment are further presented. PMID:22163994

Arapan, Lilia; Alexieva, Gergana; Avramov, Ivan D.; Radeva, Ekaterina; Strashilov, Vesseline; Katardjiev, Ilia; Yantchev, Ventsislav

2011-01-01

10

Highly mass-sensitive thin film plate acoustic resonators (FPAR).  

PubMed

The mass sensitivity of thin aluminum nitride (AlN) film S0 Lamb wave resonators is theoretically and experimentally studied. Theoretical predictions based on modal and finite elements method analysis are experimentally verified. Here, two-port 888 MHz synchronous FPARs are micromachined and subsequently coated with hexamethyl-disiloxane(HMDSO)-plasma-polymerized thin films of various thicknesses. Systematic data on frequency shift and insertion loss versus film thickness are presented. FPARs demonstrate high mass-loading sensitivity as well as good tolerance towards the HMDSO viscous losses. Initial measurements in gas phase environment are further presented. PMID:22163994

Arapan, Lilia; Alexieva, Gergana; Avramov, Ivan D; Radeva, Ekaterina; Strashilov, Vesseline; Katardjiev, Ilia; Yantchev, Ventsislav

2011-01-01

11

Search for high-mass narrow resonances in virtual photon-photon interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the first search with virtual photon-photon collisions for narrow, neutral resonances with even C parity in the mass range 4.5e+e-gamma*gamma*-->e +e-R with both the scattered e+ and e- detected. We find upper limits (95% confidence level) for the partial decay width of a resonance into two photons, ranging

H. Aihara; M. Alston-Garnjost; R. E. Avery; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; A. R. Barker; A. V. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; D. A. Bauer; H.-U. Bengtsson; D. L. Bintinger; G. J. Bobbink; T. S. Bolognese; A. D. Bross; C. D. Buchanan; A. Buijs; D. O. Caldwell; A. R. Clark; G. D. Cowan; D. A. Crane; O. I. Dahl; K. A. Derby; J. J. Eastman; P. H. Eberhard; T. K. Edberg; A. M. Eisner; R. Enomoto; F. C. Erné; T. Fujii; J. W. Gary; W. Gorn; J. M. Hauptman; W. Hofmann; J. E. Huth; J. Hylen; T. Kamae; H. S. Kaye; K. H. Kees; R. W. Kenney; L. T. Kerth; Winston Ko; R. I. Koda; R. R. Kofler; K. K. Kwong; R. L. Lander; W. G. Langeveld; J. G. Layter; F. L. Linde; C. S. Lindsey; S. C. Loken; A. Lu; X.-Q. Lu; G. R. Lynch; R. J. Madaras; K. Maeshima; B. D. Magnuson; J. N. Marx; G. E. Masek; L. G. Mathis; J. A. Matthews; S. J. Maxfield; S. O. Melnikoff; E. S. Miller; W. Moses; R. R. McNeil; P. Nemethy; D. R. Nygren; P. J. Oddone; H. P. Paar; D. A. Park; S. K. Park; D. E. Pellet; M. Pripstein; M. T. Ronan; R. R. Ross; F. R. Rouse; K. A. Schwitkis; J. C. Sens; G. Shapiro; M. D. Shapiro; B. C. Shen; W. E. Slater; J. R. Smith; J. S. Steinman; M. L. Stevenson; D. H. Stork; M. G. Strauss; M. K. Sullivan; T. Takahashi; J. R. Thompson; N. Toge; S. Toutounchi; R. van Tyen; B. van Uitert; G. J. Vandalen; R. F. van Daalen Wetters; W. Vernon; W. Wagner; E. M. Wang; Y. X. Wang; M. R. Wayne; W. A. Wenzel; J. T. White; M. C. Williams; Z. R. Wolf; H. Yamamoto; S. J. Yellin; C. Zeitlin; W.-M. Zhang

1986-01-01

12

Laser desorption studies of high mass biomolecules in Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.  

PubMed Central

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization is used to obtain Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectra of model peptides (e.g., gramicidin S, angiotensin I, renin substrate, melittin, and bovine insulin). Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization yields ions having appreciable kinetic energies. Two methods for trapping the high kinetic energy ions are described: (i) the ion signal for [M+H]+ ions is shown to increase with increasing trapping voltages, and (ii) collisional relaxation is used for the detection of [M+H]+ ions of bovine insulin. Images PMID:1378614

Solouki, T; Russell, D H

1992-01-01

13

Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1997, it was predicted that an electronically excited atom or molecule placed in a loosely bound chemical system (such as a hydrogen-bonded or van-der-Waals-bonded cluster) could efficiently decay by transferring its excess energy to a neighbouring species that would then emit a low-energy electron. This intermolecular Coulombic decay (ICD) process has since been shown to be a common phenomenon, raising questions about its role in DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation, in which low-energy electrons are known to play an important part. It was recently suggested that ICD can be triggered efficiently and site-selectively by resonantly core-exciting a target atom, which then transforms through Auger decay into an ionic species with sufficiently high excitation energy to permit ICD to occur. Here we show experimentally that resonant Auger decay can indeed trigger ICD in dimers of both molecular nitrogen and carbon monoxide. By using ion and electron momentum spectroscopy to measure simultaneously the charged species created in the resonant-Auger-driven ICD cascade, we find that ICD occurs in less time than the 20femtoseconds it would take for individual molecules to undergo dissociation. Our experimental confirmation of this process and its efficiency may trigger renewed efforts to develop resonant X-ray excitation schemes for more localized and targeted cancer radiation therapy.

Trinter, F.; Schöffler, M. S.; Kim, H.-K.; Sturm, F. P.; Cole, K.; Neumann, N.; Vredenborg, A.; Williams, J.; Bocharova, I.; Guillemin, R.; Simon, M.; Belkacem, A.; Landers, A. L.; Weber, Th.; Schmidt-Böcking, H.; Dörner, R.; Jahnke, T.

2014-01-01

14

Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers.  

PubMed

In 1997, it was predicted that an electronically excited atom or molecule placed in a loosely bound chemical system (such as a hydrogen-bonded or van-der-Waals-bonded cluster) could efficiently decay by transferring its excess energy to a neighbouring species that would then emit a low-energy electron. This intermolecular Coulombic decay (ICD) process has since been shown to be a common phenomenon, raising questions about its role in DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation, in which low-energy electrons are known to play an important part. It was recently suggested that ICD can be triggered efficiently and site-selectively by resonantly core-exciting a target atom, which then transforms through Auger decay into an ionic species with sufficiently high excitation energy to permit ICD to occur. Here we show experimentally that resonant Auger decay can indeed trigger ICD in dimers of both molecular nitrogen and carbon monoxide. By using ion and electron momentum spectroscopy to measure simultaneously the charged species created in the resonant-Auger-driven ICD cascade, we find that ICD occurs in less time than the 20?femtoseconds it would take for individual molecules to undergo dissociation. Our experimental confirmation of this process and its efficiency may trigger renewed efforts to develop resonant X-ray excitation schemes for more localized and targeted cancer radiation therapy. PMID:24362568

Trinter, F; Schöffler, M S; Kim, H-K; Sturm, F P; Cole, K; Neumann, N; Vredenborg, A; Williams, J; Bocharova, I; Guillemin, R; Simon, M; Belkacem, A; Landers, A L; Weber, Th; Schmidt-Böcking, H; Dörner, R; Jahnke, T

2014-01-30

15

Sensitivity to new high-mass states decaying to ttbar at a 100 TeV collider  

E-print Network

We discuss the sensitivity of a 100 TeV pp collider to heavy particles decaying to top-antitop final states. This center-of-mass energy, together with an integrated luminosity of 10 ab-1, can produce heavy particles in the mass range of several tens of teraelectronvolts (TeV). A Monte Carlo study has been performed using boosted-top techniques to reduce QCD background for the reconstruction of heavy particles with masses in the range of 8-20 TeV, and various widths. In particular, we have studied two models that predict heavy states, a model with an extra gauge boson (Zprime) and with a Kaluza-Klein (KK) excitation of the gluon (gKK).

Auerbach, B; Love, J; Proudfoot, J; Kotwal, A V

2014-01-01

16

Resonance-assisted decay of nondispersive wave packets  

E-print Network

We present a quantitative semiclassical theory for the decay of nondispersive electronic wave packets in driven, ionizing Rydberg systems. Statistically robust quantities are extracted combining resonance assisted tunneling with subsequent transport across chaotic phase space and a final ionization step.

Sandro Wimberger; Peter Schlagheck; Christopher Eltschka; Andreas Buchleitner

2006-07-17

17

Heavy Meson Decays into Light Resonances  

E-print Network

We analyse the Lorentz structures of weak decay matrix elements bewteen meson states of arbitrary spin. Simplifications arise in the transition amplitudes for a heavy meson decaying into a light one via a Bethe-Salpeter approach which incorporates heavy quark symmetry. Phenomenological consequences on several semileptonic, nonleptonic and FCNC induced decays of heavy flavoured mesons are derived and discussed.

R. Delbourgo; Dongsheng Liu

1994-03-28

18

Search for high-mass e+e- resonances in pp collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

A search for high-mass resonances in the e+e- final state is presented based on 2.5 fb(-1) of sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV pp collision data from the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The largest excess over the standard model prediction is at an e+e- invariant mass of 240 GeV/c2. The probability of observing such an excess arising from fluctuations in the standard model anywhere in the mass range of 150-1000 GeV/c2 is 0.6% (equivalent to 2.5sigma). We exclude the standard model coupling Z' and the Randall-Sundrum graviton for k/MPl=0.1 with masses below 963 and 848 GeV/c2 at the 95% credibility level, respectively. PMID:19257342

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Azzurri, P; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burke, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; Derwent, P F; di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Genser, K; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-S; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Luci, C; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Macqueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moggi, N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlok, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Griso, S Pagan; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramonov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J

2009-01-23

19

Decay of an inhomogeneous state via resonant tunnelling  

E-print Network

We recently investigated the nature of resonant tunnelling in standard scalar Quantum Field Theory, uncovering the conditions required for resonance. It was shown that whereas the homogeneous false vacuum may decay via bubble nucleation, it may not decay in a resonant fashion. The no-go theorem given there is circumvented in this study by considering an initial state other than the homogeneous false vacuum, and we confirm our mechanism by showing in an explicit model how resonant tunnelling occurs. Using this model we demonstrate how the tunnelling rate depends on the energy of specially constructed initial states, with these states corresponding to contracting spherical bubbles of some vacuum that evolve to a minimum radius and then tunnel to another vacuum, instead of the classical motion where the bubble would just start to expand.

Paul M. Saffin; Antonio Padilla; Edmund J. Copeland

2008-04-24

20

Charmless 3-BODY B Decays:. Resonant and Nonresonant Contributions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charmless 3-body decays of B mesons are studied using a simple model based on the framework of the factorization approach. We have identified a large source of the nonresonant signal in the matrix elements of scalar densities, e.g. < K/line{K}? /line{s}s ? 0 >. This explains the dominance of the nonresonant background in B ? KKK decays, the sizable nonresonant fraction of order (35 40)% in K-?+?- and /line{K}0? +? - modes and the smallness of nonresonant rates in B ? ??? decays. We have computed the resonant and nonresonant contributions to charmless 3-body decays and determined the rates for the quasi-two-body decays B ? VP and B ? SP. Time-dependent CP asymmetries sin 2?eff and ACP in K+K-KS, KSKSKS, KS?+?- and KS?0?0 modes are estimated.

Cheng, Hai-Yang

21

Resonance-assisted decay of nondispersive wave packets.  

PubMed

We present a quantitative semiclassical theory for the decay of nondispersive electronic wave packets in driven, ionizing Rydberg systems. Statistically robust quantities are extracted combining resonance-assisted tunneling with subsequent transport across chaotic phase space and a final ionization step. PMID:16907569

Wimberger, Sandro; Schlagheck, Peter; Eltschka, Christopher; Buchleitner, Andreas

2006-07-28

22

Search for High-Mass \\boldmath$e^+e^-$ Resonances in \\boldmath$p\\bar{p}$ Collisions at \\boldmath$\\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

A search for high-mass resonances in the e{sup +}e{sup -} final state is presented based on {radical}s =1.96 TeV p{bar p} collision data from the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron from an integrated luminosity of 2.5 fb{sup -1}. The largest excess over the standard model prediction is at an e{sup +}e{sup -} invariant mass of 240 GeV/c{sup 2}. The probability of observing such an excess arising from fluctuations in the standard model anywhere in the mass range of 150-1,000 GeV/c{sup 2} is 0.6% (equivalent to 2.5 {sigma}). We set Bayesian upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} X) {center_dot} {Beta}(X {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) at the 95% credibility level, where X is a spin 1 or spin 2 particle, and we exclude the standard model coupling Z{prime} and the Randall-Sundrum graviton for {kappa}/{bar M}{sub Pl} = 0.1 with masses below 963 and 848 GeV/c{sup 2}, respectively.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Albrow, Michael G.; /Fermilab; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /CSIC, Catalunya; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, Dante E.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, Alberto; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab /Purdue U.

2008-10-01

23

Phase-Space Exploration in Nuclear Giant Resonance Decay  

E-print Network

The rate of phase-space exploration in the decay of isovector and isoscalar giant quadrupole resonances in $^{40}$Ca is analyzed. The study is based on the time dependence of the survival probability and of the spectrum of generalized entropies evaluated in the space of 1p-1h and 2p-2h states. If the 2p-2h background shows the characteristics typical for chaotic systems, the isovector excitation evolves almost statistically while the isoscalar excitation remains largely localized, even though it penetrates the whole available phase space.

S. Drozdz; S. Nishizaki; J. Speth; J. Wambach

1994-07-08

24

The acoustic signature of decaying resonant phospholipid microbubbles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sub-capillary sized microbubbles offer improved techniques for diagnosis and therapy of vascular related disease using ultrasound. Their physical interaction with ultrasound remains an active research field that aims to optimize techniques. The aim of this study is to investigate whether controlled microbubble disruption upon exposure to consecutive ultrasound exposures can be achieved. Single lipid-shelled microbubble scattered echoes have been measured in response to two consecutive imaging pulses, using a calibrated micro-acoustic system. The nonlinear evolution of microbubble echoes provides an exact signature above and below primary and secondary resonance, which has been identified using theoretical results based on the Mooney-Rivlin strain softening shell model. Decaying microbubbles follow an irreversible trajectory through the resonance peak, causing the evolution of specific microbubble spectral signatures. The characteristics of the microbubble motion causes varying amounts of shell material to be lost during microbubble decay. Incident ultrasound field parameters can thus accurately manipulate the regulated shedding of shell material, which has applications for both imaging applications and localized drug delivery strategies.

Thomas, D. H.; Butler, M.; Pelekasis, N.; Anderson, T.; Stride, E.; Sboros, V.

2013-02-01

25

Observation of two charged bottomoniumlike resonances in ?(5S) decays.  

PubMed

We report the observation of two narrow structures in the mass spectra of the ?(±)?(nS) (n=1, 2, 3) and ?(±)h(b)(mP) (m=1, 2) pairs that are produced in association with a single charged pion in ?(5S) decays. The measured masses and widths of the two structures averaged over the five final states are M(1)=(10,607.2±2.0)??MeV/c2, ?(1)=(18.4±2.4)??MeV, and M(2)=(10,652.2±1.5)??MeV/c2, ?(2)=(11.5±2.2)??MeV. The results are obtained with a 121.4??fb(-1) data sample collected with the Belle detector in the vicinity of the ?(5S) resonance at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+ e- collider. PMID:22540572

Bondar, A; Garmash, A; Mizuk, R; Santel, D; Kinoshita, K; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Asner, D M; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Barberio, E; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bischofberger, M; Bozek, A; Bra?ko, M; Browder, T E; Chang, M-C; Chang, P; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, I-S; Cho, K; Choi, S-K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Fast, J E; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayasaka, K; Hoshi, Y; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, Y; Iwashita, T; Julius, T; Kang, J H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, N; Koblitz, S; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Kuhr, T; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Lange, J S; Lee, S-H; Li, J; Li, Y; Libby, J; Liu, C; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; Matvienko, D; McOnie, S; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mohanty, G B; Moll, A; Muramatsu, N; Mussa, R; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Neubauer, S; Niiyama, M; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nitoh, O; Nozaki, T; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, H; Park, H K; Pedlar, T K; Petri?, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Prim, M; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Santel, D; Sanuki, T; Schneider, O; Schwanda, C; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shibata, T-A; Shiu, J-G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y-S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stari?, M; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tanaka, S; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Ushiroda, Y; Vahsen, S E; Varner, G; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C H; Wang, M-Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, Y; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A; Zyukova, O

2012-03-23

26

Resonant Auger-intersite-Coulombic hybridized decay in the photoionization of endohedral fullerenes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Considering the photoionization of Ar@C60, we predict resonant femtosecond decays of both Ar and C60 vacancies through the continua of atom-fullerene hybrid final states. For Ar 3s?np excitations, these resonances are far stronger than the Ar-to-C60 resonant intersite-Coulombic decays (ICD), while for C60 excitations they are strikingly larger than the corresponding Auger features. The results indicate the power of hybridization to enhance decay rates and modify lifetimes and line profiles, offering a unique probe, more powerful than regular ICDs, for multicenter decay processes.

Javani, Mohammad H.; Wise, Jacob B.; De, Ruma; Madjet, Mohamed E.; Manson, Steven T.; Chakraborty, Himadri S.

2014-06-01

27

Geometrical scaling and modal decay rates in periodic arrays of deeply subwavelength Terahertz resonators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well known that due to the high conductivity of noble metals at terahertz frequencies and scalability of macroscopic Maxwell equations, a geometrical downscaling of a terahertz resonator results in the linear upscaling of its resonance frequency. However, the scaling laws of modal decay rates, important for the resonator excitation efficiency, are much less known. Here, we investigate the extent to which the scale-invariance of decay rates is violated due to the finite conductivity of the metal. We find that the resonance quality factor or the excitation efficiency may be substantially affected by scaling and show that this happens as a result of the scale-dependence of the metal absorption rate, while the radiative decay and the dielectric cavity absorption rates are approximately scale-invariant. In particular, we find that by downscaling overcoupled resonators, their excitation efficiency increases, while the opposite happens with undercoupled resonators.

Isi?, Goran; Gaji?, Radoš

2014-12-01

28

Observation of a resonance in B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decays at low recoil.  

PubMed

A broad peaking structure is observed in the dimuon spectrum of B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decays in the kinematic region where the kaon has a low recoil against the dimuon system. The structure is consistent with interference between the B+ ? K+ ?+ ?- decay and a resonance and has a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations. The mean and width of the resonance are measured to be 4191(-8)(+9)??MeV/c2 and 65(-16)(+22)??MeV/c2, respectively, where the uncertainties include statistical and systematic contributions. These measurements are compatible with the properties of the ?(4160) meson. First observations of both the decay B+ ? ?(4160)K+ and the subsequent decay ?(4160) ? ?+ ?- are reported. The resonant decay and the interference contribution make up 20% of the yield for dimuon masses above 3770??MeV/c2. This contribution is larger than theoretical estimates. PMID:24074076

Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Cowie, E; Craik, D C; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gorbounov, P; Gordon, H; Gotti, C; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hess, M; Hicheur, A; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jawahery, A; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Maratas, J; Marconi, U; Marino, P; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Martynov, A; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNab, A; McNulty, R; McSkelly, B; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M-N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mordà, A; Morello, M J; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B

2013-09-13

29

Observation of a Resonance in B+?K+?+?- Decays at Low Recoil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A broad peaking structure is observed in the dimuon spectrum of B+?K+?+?- decays in the kinematic region where the kaon has a low recoil against the dimuon system. The structure is consistent with interference between the B+?K+?+?- decay and a resonance and has a statistical significance exceeding six standard deviations. The mean and width of the resonance are measured to be 4191-8+9MeV/c2 and 65-16+22MeV/c2, respectively, where the uncertainties include statistical and systematic contributions. These measurements are compatible with the properties of the ?(4160) meson. First observations of both the decay B+??(4160)K+ and the subsequent decay ?(4160)??+?- are reported. The resonant decay and the interference contribution make up 20% of the yield for dimuon masses above 3770MeV/c2. This contribution is larger than theoretical estimates.

Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Adrover, C.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A., Jr.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Baesso, C.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M.-O.; van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Burducea, I.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Campora Perez, D.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Carvalho Akiba, K.; Casse, G.; Castillo Garcia, L.; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Chen, P.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Cid Vidal, X.; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coca, C.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Cowie, E.; Craik, D. C.; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bonis, I.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Déléage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Dogaru, M.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dosil Suárez, A.; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; van Eijk, D.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Falabella, A.; Färber, C.; Fardell, G.; Farinelli, C.; Farry, S.; Ferguson, D.; Fernandez Albor, V.; Ferreira Rodrigues, F.; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Furcas, S.; Furfaro, E.; Gallas Torreira, A.; Galli, D.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Garosi, P.; Garra Tico, J.; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Göbel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gorbounov, P.; Gordon, H.; Gotti, C.; Grabalosa Gándara, M.; Graciani Diaz, R.; Granado Cardoso, L. A.; Graugés, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grünberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Hernando Morata, J. A.; van Herwijnen, E.; Hess, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hicks, E.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hopchev, P.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Huse, T.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Iakovenko, V.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Keune, A.; Khanji, B.; Kochebina, O.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; La Thi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Le Gac, R.; van Leerdam, J.; Lees, J.-P.; Lefèvre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefrançois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luisier, J.; Luo, H.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Mancinelli, G.; Maratas, J.; Marconi, U.; Marino, P.; Märki, R.; Marks, J.

2013-09-01

30

Study of resonances in exclusive B decays to D¯(*)D(*)K  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a study of resonances in exclusive decays of B mesons to D¯(*)D(*)K. We report the observation of the decays B-->D¯(*)Ds1+(2536) where the Ds1+(2536) is reconstructed in the D*0K+ and D*+KS0 decay channels. We report also the observation of the decays B-->psi(3770)K where the psi(3770) decays to D¯0D0 and D-D+. In addition, we present the observation of an enhancement

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni

2008-01-01

31

Search for a narrow resonance in Z 0 decays into hadrons and isolated photons  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for the hadronic decay of a hypothetical resonance S0 in the process e+e??? + hadrons at Z0 energies is reported. Particular care is taken to optimise the sensitivity to a scalar resonance decaying into bottom quarks,\\u000a as expected for Higgs production, e+e??Z0?H0\\u000a ? with$$H^0 \\\\to b\\\\bar b$$, in the Standard Model or some of its extensions. No evidence

G. Alexander; J. Allison; N. Altekamp; K. Ametewee; K. J. Anderson; S. Anderson; S. Arcelli; S. Asai; D. Axen; G. Azuelos; A. H. Ball; E. Barberio; R. J. Barlow; R. Bartoldus; J. R. Batley; G. Beaudoin; J. Bechtluft; C. Beeston; T. Behnke; A. N. Bell; K. W. Bell; G. Bella; S. Bentvelsen; P. Berlich; S. Bethke; O. Biebel; V. Blobel; I. J. Bloodworth; J. E. Bloomer; P. Bock; H. M. Bosch; M. Boutemeur; B. T. Bouwens; S. Braibant; P. Bright-Thomas; R. M. Brown; H. J. Burckhart; C. Burgard; R. Bürgin; P. Capiluppi; R. K. Carnegie; A. A. Carter; J. R. Carter; C. Y. Chang; C. Charlesworth; D. G. Charlton; D. Chrisman; S. L. Chu; P. E. L. Clarke; S. G. Clowes; I. Cohen; J. E. Conboy; O. C. Cooke; M. Cuffiani; S. Dado; C. Dallapiccola; G. M. Dallavalle; C. Darling; S. De Jong; L. A. del Pozo; M. S. Dixit; E. do Couto e Silva; E. Duchovni; G. Duckeck; I. P. Duerdoth; J. E. G. Edwards; P. G. Estabrooks; H. G. Evans; M. Evans; F. Fabbri; P. Fath; F. Fiedler; M. Fierro; H. M. Fischer; R. Folman; D. G. Fong; M. Foucher; H. Fukui; A. Fürtjes; P. Gagnon; A. Gaidot; J. W. Gary; J. Gascon; S. M. Gascon-Shotkin; N. I. Geddes; C. Geich-Gimbel; S. W. Gensler; F. X. Gentit; T. Geralis; G. Giacomelli; P. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Gibson; W. R. Gibson; D. M. Gingrich; J. Goldberg; M. J. Goodrick; W. Gorn; C. Grandi; E. Gross; M. Gruwé; C. Hajdu; G. G. Hanson; M. Hansroul; M. Hapke; C. K. Hargrove; P. A. Hart; C. Hartmann; M. Hauschild; C. M. Hawkes; R. Hawkings; R. J. Hemingway; G. Herten; R. D. Heuer; M. D. Hildreth; J. C. Hill; S. J. Hillier; T. Hilse; P. R. Hobson; R. J. Homer; A. K. Honma; D. Horváth; R. Howard; R. E. Hughes-Jones; D. E. Hutchcroft; P. Igo-Kemenes; D. C. Imrie; A. Jawahery; P. W. Jeffreys; H. Jeremie; M. Jimack; A. Joly; M. Jones; R. W. L. Jones; U. Jost; P. Jovanovic; J. Kanzaki; D. Karlen; T. Kawamoto; R. K. Keeler; R. G. Kellogg; B. W. Kennedy; J. King; J. Kirk; S. Kluth; T. Kobayashi; M. Kobel; D. S. Koetke; T. P. Kokott; S. Komamiya; R. Kowalewski; T. Kress; P. Krieger; J. von Krogh; P. Kyberd; G. D. Lafferty; H. Lafoux; R. Lahmann; W. P. Lai; D. Lanske; J. Lauber; J. G. Layter; A. M. Lee; E. Lefebvre; D. Lellouch; J. Letts; L. Levinson; C. Lewis; S. L. Lloyd; F. K. Loebinger; G. D. Long; B. Lorazo; M. J. Losty; J. Ludwig; A. Luig; A. Malik; M. Mannelli; S. Marcellini; C. Markus; A. J. Martin; J. P. Martin; G. Martinez; T. Mashimo; W. Matthews; P. Mättig; W. J. McDonald; J. McKenna; E. A. Mckigney; T. J. McMahon; A. I. McNab; F. Meijers; S. Menke; F. S. Merritt; H. Mes; J. Meyer; A. Michelini; G. Mikenberg; D. J. Miller; R. Mir; W. Mohr; A. Montanari; T. Mori; M. Morii; U. Müller; B. Nellen; B. Nijjhar; R. Nisius; S. W. O’Neale; F. G. Oakham; F. Odorici; H. O. Ogren; N. J. Oldershaw; T. Omori; M. J. Oreglia; S. Orito; M. Palazzo; J. Pálinkás; F. M. Palmonari; J. P. Pansart; G. Pásztor; J. R. Pater; G. N. Patrick; M. J. Pearce; S. Petzold; P. D. Phillips; J. E. Pilcher; J. Pinfold; D. E. Plane; P. Poffenberger; B. Poli; A. Posthaus; H. Przysiezniak; D. L. Rees; D. Rigby; M. G. Rison; S. A. Robins; N. Rodning; J. M. Roney; E. Ros; A. M. Rossi; M. Rosvick; P. Routenburg; Y. Rozen; K. Runge; O. Runolfsson; D. R. Rust; R. Rylko; E. K. G. Sarkisyan; M. Sasaki; C. Sbarra; A. D. Schaile; O. Schaile; F. Scharf; P. Scharff-Hansen; P. Schenk; B. Schmitt; M. Schröder; H. C. Schultz-Coulon; M. Schulz; P. Schütz; J. Schwiening; W. G. Scott; T. G. Shears; B. C. Shen; C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous; P. Sherwood; G. P. Siroli; A. Sittler; A. Skillman; A. Skuja; A. M. Smith; T. J. Smith; G. A. Snow; R. Sobie; S. Söldner-Rembold; R. W. Springer; M. Sproston; A. Stahl; M. Starks; K. Stephens; J. Steuerer; B. Stockhausen; D. Strom; F. Strumia; P. Szymanski; R. Tafirout; H. Takeda; P. Taras; S. Tarem; M. Tecchio; N. Tesch; M. Thiergen; M. A. Thomson; E. von Törne; S. Towers; M. Tscheulin; E. Tsur; A. S. Turcot; M. F. Turner-Watson; P. Utzat; R. Van Kooten; G. Vasseur; M. Verzocchi; P. Vikas; M. Vincter; E. H. Vokurka; F. Wäckerle; A. Wagner; C. P. Ward; D. R. Ward; J. J. Ward; P. M. Watkins; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; P. Weber; P. S. Wells; N. Wermes; J. S. White; B. Wilkens; G. W. Wilson; J. A. Wilson; T. Wlodek; G. Wolf; S. Wotton; T. R. Wyatt; S. Xella; S. Yamashita; G. Yekutieli; K. Yoshimura; V. Zacek

1996-01-01

32

Non-resonant parametric decay of lower-hybrid waves in the ACT-1 toroidal device  

SciTech Connect

Non-resonant parametric decay of lower-hybrid waves, observed in a number of high-power tokamak rf heating experiments, is positively identified as a decay into ion-cyclotron quasi-modes. The decay-wave spectrum, wavelength and amplitude profile are measured inside a toroidal plasma with pump frequency f/sub 0/ approx. 3.5 f/sub ..pi../ approx. 25 f/sub ci/.

Wong, K.L.; Ono, M.

1981-02-01

33

Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus `motionally narrowed` GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following {sup 58}Ni {plus} {sup 92}Zr fusion. 22 refs.

Snover, K.A.

1991-12-31

34

Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus motionally narrowed' GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following [sup 58]Ni [plus] [sup 92]Zr fusion. 22 refs.

Snover, K.A.

1991-01-01

35

Low threshold parametric decay backscattering instability in tokamak electron cyclotron resonance heating experiments.  

PubMed

The experimental conditions leading to substantial reduction of the backscattering decay instability threshold in electron cyclotron resonance heating experiments in toroidal devices are analyzed. It is shown that a drastic decrease of threshold is provided by the nonmonotonic behavior of plasma density in the vicinity of magnetic island and poloidal magnetic field inhomogeneity making possible localization of ion Bernstein decay waves. The corresponding ion Bernstein wave gain and the parametric decay instability pump power threshold is calculated. PMID:20867578

Gusakov, E Z; Popov, A Yu

2010-09-10

36

Three-body nature of $N^{\\bf *}$ and $?^*$ resonances from sequential decay chains  

E-print Network

The $N\\pi^0\\pi^0$ decays of positive-parity $N^*$ and $\\Delta^*$ resonances at about 2\\,GeV are studied at ELSA by photoproduction of two neutral pions off protons. The data reveal clear evidence for several intermediate resonances: $\\Delta(1232)$, $N(1520){3/2^-}$, and $N(1680){5/2^+}$, with spin-parities $J^P=3/2^+$, $3/2^-$, and $5/2^+$. The partial wave analysis (within the Bonn-Gatchina approach) identifies $N(1440)1/2^+$ and the $N(\\pi\\pi)_{\\rm S-wave}$ (abbreviated as $N\\sigma$ here) as further isobars, and assigns the final states to the formation of nucleon and $\\Delta$ resonances and to non-resonant contributions. We observe the known $\\Delta(1232)\\pi$ decays of $\\Delta(1910)1/2^+$, $\\Delta(1920)3/2^+$, $\\Delta(1905)5/2^+$, $\\Delta(1950)7/2^+$, and of the corresponding spin-parity series in the nucleon sector, $N(1880)1/2^+$, $N(1900)3/2^+$, $N(2000)5/2^+$, and $N(1990)7/2^+$. For the nucleon resonances, these decay modes are reported here for the first time. Further new decay modes proceed via $N(1440)1/2^+\\pi$, $N(1520)3/2^-\\pi$, $N(1680)5/2^+\\pi$, and $N\\sigma$. The latter decay modes are observed in the decay of $N^*$ resonances and at most weakly in $\\Delta^*$ decays. It is argued that these decay modes provide evidence for a 3-quark nature of $N^*$ resonances rather than a quark-diquark structure.

The CBELSA/TAPS Collaboration

2015-01-09

37

Absence of resonant decay for metastable vacua in gauge theories of scalar fields  

E-print Network

We prove the impossibility of resonant decay of a metastable vacuum in a theory of a scalar field coupled to a gauge field. Our result extends to gauge theories of scalar fields a recent no go theorem for resonant tunneling in a pure scalar field theory.

M. Cardella; S. Elitzur; E. Rabinovici

2008-07-10

38

On the resonant neutrinoless double-electron-capture decay of 136Ce  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The double-electron-capture Q value for the 136Ce decay to 136Ba has been determined at JYFLTRAP. The measured value 2378.53(27) keV excludes the energy degeneracy with the 0 excited state of the decay daughter 136Ba at 2315.32(7) keV in a resonant 0?ECEC decay by 11.67 keV. The new Q value differs from the old adopted value 2419(13) keV (Atomic Mass Evaluation 2003) by 40 keV and is 50 times more precise. Our calculations show that the precise Q value renders the resonant 0?ECEC decay of 136Ce undetectable by the future underground detectors. We measured also the double-? decay Q value of 136Xe to be 2457.86(48) keV which agrees well with the value 2457.83(37) keV measured at the Florida State University.

Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Rissanen, J.; Suhonen, J.; Äystö, J.

2011-02-01

39

Three-body nature of $N^{\\bf *}$ and $\\Delta^*$ resonances from sequential decay chains  

E-print Network

The $N\\pi^0\\pi^0$ decays of positive-parity $N^*$ and $\\Delta^*$ resonances at about 2\\,GeV are studied at ELSA by photoproduction of two neutral pions off protons. The data reveal clear evidence for several intermediate resonances: $\\Delta(1232)$, $N(1520){3/2^-}$, and $N(1680){5/2^+}$, with spin-parities $J^P=3/2^+$, $3/2^-$, and $5/2^+$. The partial wave analysis (within the Bonn-Gatchina approach) identifies $N(1440)1/2^+$ and the $N(\\pi\\pi)_{\\rm S-wave}$ (abbreviated as $N\\sigma$ here) as further isobars, and assigns the final states to the formation of nucleon and $\\Delta$ resonances and to non-resonant contributions. We observe the known $\\Delta(1232)\\pi$ decays of $\\Delta(1910)1/2^+$, $\\Delta(1920)3/2^+$, $\\Delta(1905)5/2^+$, $\\Delta(1950)7/2^+$, and of the corresponding spin-parity series in the nucleon sector, $N(1880)1/2^+$, $N(1900)3/2^+$, $N(2000)5/2^+$, and $N(1990)7/2^+$. For the nucleon resonances, these decay modes are reported here for the first time. Further new decay modes proceed via $N(1...

,

2015-01-01

40

Search for resonance decays to lepton+jet at DESY HERA and limits on leptoquarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for narrow-width resonances that decay into electron+jet or neutrino+jet has been performed with the ZEUS detector at the DESY ep collider HERA operating at center-of-mass energies of 300 and 318 GeV. An integrated e+p luminosity of 114.8 pb-1 and e-p luminosity of 16.7 pb-1 were used. No evidence for any resonance was found. Limits were derived on the

S. V. Chekanov; M. Derrick; D. Krakauer; J. H. Loizides; S. Magill; B. Musgrave; J. Repond; R. Yoshida; M. C. Mattingly; P. Antonioli; G. Bari; M. Basile; L. Bellagamba; D. Boscherini; A. Bruni; G. Bruni; G. Cara Romeo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; A. Contin; M. Corradi; S. de Pasquale; P. Giusti; G. Iacobucci; A. Margotti; R. Nania; F. Palmonari; A. Pesci; G. Sartorelli; A. Zichichi; G. Aghuzumtsyan; D. Bartsch; I. Brock; S. Goers; H. Hartmann; E. Hilger; P. Irrgang; H.-P. Jakob; A. Kappes; U. F. Katz; O. Kind; U. Meyer; E. Paul; J. Rautenberg; R. Renner; H. Schnurbusch; A. Stifutkin; J. Tandler; K. C. Voss; M. Wang; A. Weber; D. S. Bailey; N. H. Brook; J. E. Cole; B. Foster; G. P. Heath; H. F. Heath; S. Robins; E. Rodrigues; J. Scott; R. J. Tapper; M. Wing; M. Capua; A. Mastroberardino; M. Schioppa; G. Susinno; J. Y. Kim; Y. K. Kim; J. H. Lee; I. T. Lim; M. Y. Pac; A. Caldwell; M. Helbich; X. Liu; B. Mellado; Y. Ning; S. Paganis; Z. Ren; W. B. Schmidke; F. Sciulli; J. Chwastowski; A. Eskreys; J. Figiel; K. Olkiewicz; P. Stopa; L. Zawiejski; L. Adamczyk; T. Bold; I. Grabowska-Bold; D. Kisielewska; A. M. Kowal; M. Kowal; T. Kowalski; M. Przybycien; L. Suszycki; D. Szuba; J. Szuba; A. Kotanski; W. Slominski; V. Adler; L. A. Bauerdick; U. Behrens; I. Bloch; K. Borras; V. Chiochia; D. Dannheim; G. Drews; J. Fourletova; U. Fricke; A. Geiser; F. Goebel; P. Göttlicher; O. Gutsche; T. Haas; W. Hain; G. Hartner; S. Hillert; B. Kahle; U. Kötz; H. Kowalski; G. Kramberger; H. Labes; D. Lelas; B. Löhr; R. Mankel; I.-A. Melzer-Pellmann; M. Moritz; C. N. Nguyen; D. Notz; M. C. Petrucci; A. Polini; A. Raval; U. Schneekloth; F. Selonke; H. Wessoleck; G. Wolf; C. Youngman; W. Zeuner; S. Schlenstedt; G. Barbagli; E. Gallo; C. Genta; P. G. Pelfer; A. Bamberger; A. Benen; N. Coppola; M. Bell; P. J. Bussey; A. T. Doyle; C. Glasman; S. Hanlon; S. W. Lee; A. Lupi; D. H. Saxon; I. O. Skillicorn; I. Gialas; B. Bodmann; T. Carli; U. Holm; K. Klimek; N. Krumnack; E. Lohrmann; M. Milite; H. Salehi; S. Stonjek; K. Wick; A. Ziegler; C. Collins-Tooth; C. Foudas; R. Gonçalo; K. R. Long; A. D. Tapper; P. Cloth; D. Filges; M. Kuze; K. Nagano; K. Tokushuku; S. Yamada; Y. Yamazaki; A. N. Barakbaev; E. G. Boos; N. S. Pokrovskiy; B. O. Zhautykov; H. Lim; D. Son; K. Piotrzkowski; F. Barreiro; O. González; L. Labarga; J. del Peso; E. Tassi; J. Terrón; M. Vázquez; M. Barbi; F. Corriveau; S. Gliga; J. Lainesse; S. Padhi; D. G. Stairs; T. Tsurugai; A. Antonov; P. Danilov; B. A. Dolgoshein; D. Gladkov; V. Sosnovtsev; S. Suchkov; R. K. Dementiev; P. F. Ermolov; Yu. A. Golubkov; I. I. Katkov; L. A. Khein; I. A. Korzhavina; V. A. Kuzmin; B. B. Levchenko; O. Yu. Lukina; A. S. Proskuryakov; L. M. Shcheglova; N. N. Vlasov; S. A. Zotkin; S. Grijpink; E. Koffeman; P. Kooijman; E. Maddox; A. Pellegrino; S. Schagen; H. Tiecke; J. J. Velthuis; L. Wiggers; E. de Wolf; N. Brümmer; B. Bylsma; L. S. Durkin; T. Y. Ling; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; A. Cottrell; R. C. Devenish; J. Ferrando; G. Grzelak; S. Patel; M. R. Sutton; R. Walczak; A. Bertolin; R. Brugnera; R. Carlin; F. dal Corso; S. Dusini; A. Garfagnini; S. Limentani; A. Longhin; A. Parenti; M. Posocco; L. Stanco; M. Turcato; E. A. Heaphy; F. Metlica; B. Y. Oh; J. J. Whitmore; Y. Iga; G. D'Agostini; G. Marini; A. Nigro; C. Cormack; J. C. Hart; N. A. McCubbin; C. Heusch; I. H. Park; N. Pavel; H. Abramowicz; A. Gabareen; S. Kananov; A. Kreisel; A. Levy; T. Abe; T. Fusayasu; S. Kagawa; T. Kohno; T. Tawara; T. Yamashita; R. Hamatsu; T. Hirose; M. Inuzuka; S. Kitamura; K. Matsuzawa; T. Nishimura; M. Arneodo; M. I. Ferrero; V. Monaco; M. Ruspa; R. Sacchi; A. Solano; T. Koop; G. M. Levman; J. F. Martin; A. Mirea; J. M. Butterworth; C. Gwenlan; R. Hall-Wilton; T. W. Jones; M. S. Lightwood; B. J. West; J. Ciborowski; R. Ciesielski; R. J. Nowak; J. M. Pawlak; J. Sztuk; T. Tymieniecka; A. Ukleja; J. Ukleja; A. F. Zarnecki; M. Adamus; P. Plucinski; Y. Eisenberg; L. K. Gladilin; D. Hochman; U. Karshon; D. Kçira; S. Lammers; L. Li; D. D. Reeder; A. A. Savin; W. H. Smith; A. Deshpande; S. Dhawan; V. W. Hughes; P. B. Straub; S. Bhadra; C. D. Catterall; S. Fourletov; S. Menary; M. Soares; J. Standage

2003-01-01

41

Decay Times and Quality Factors for a Resonance Apparatus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commercial resonance demonstration apparatus shown in Fig. 1 exhibits curious behavior. It consists of three pairs of slender spring-steel rods attached to a horizontal bar. When one of the rods is pulled aside and released, the rod of corresponding length is excited into visible motion, but the other rods remain apparently stationary. This…

Stephens, Heather; Tam, Austin; Moloney, Michael

2011-01-01

42

Time Asymmetry in Quantum Physics - I. Theoretical Conclusion from Resonance and Decay-Phenomenology  

E-print Network

It is explained how the unification of resonance and decay phenomena into a consistent mathematical theory leads to quantum mechanical time-asymmetry. This provides the theoretical basis for a subsequent paper II in which the interpretation and experimental demonstration of this time-asymmetry is discussed.

A. Bohm; H. Kaldass; S. Komy

2007-03-18

43

K dependence in the ? decay of neutron resonances in 166Ho  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy-corrected intensities of the primary ? transitions in 166Ho following thermal and average resonance neutron capture are calculated from data available in the literature. The ? decay of this odd-odd nucleus shows the same K dependence as earlier seen in the even-even nuclei 168Er and 178Hf.

Bergholt, L.; Guttormsen, M.; Rekstad, J.; Tveter, T. S.; Sheline, R. K.

1994-07-01

44

Search for a Resonance Decaying into WZ Boson Pairs in pp-bar Collisions  

E-print Network

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W? decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1??fb(?1) of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp-bar collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Clutter, Justace Randall; McGivern, Carrie Lynne; Moulik, Tania; Sekaric, Jadranka; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.

2010-02-09

45

Temperature and density evolution during decay in a 2.45 GHz hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance plasma: Off-resonant and resonant cases  

SciTech Connect

Time resolved electron temperature and density measurements during the decay stage in a hydrogen electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma are presented for a resonance and off-resonance magnetic field configurations. The measurements are conducted on a ECR plasma generator excited at 2.45 GHz denominated test-bench for ion-sources plasma studies at ESS Bilbao. The plasma parameters evolution is studied by Langmuir probe diagnostic with synchronized sample technique developed for repetitive pulsed plasmas with a temporal resolution of 200 ns in typical decay processes of about 40 ?s. An afterglow transient is clearly observed in the reflected microwave power signal from the plasma. Simultaneously, the electron temperature evolution shows rebounding peaks that may be related to the interplay between density drop and microwave coupling with deep impact on the Electron Energy Distribution Function. The correlation of such structures with the plasma absorbed power and the coupling quality is also reported.

Cortázar, O. D. [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain) [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain); Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, ETSII, C.J. Cela s/n, 13170 Ciudad Real (Spain); Megía-Macías, A.; Vizcaíno-de-Julián, A. [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain)] [ESS Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain)

2013-09-15

46

The nucleon resonances in the $J/?\\to p\\bar{p}?'$ decay  

E-print Network

We are aiming to study the $J/\\psi \\to p\\bar{p}\\eta'$ decay in an isobar model and the effective Lagrangian approach. After a careful exploration of the contributions of the $S_{11}(1535)$, $P_{11}(1710)$, $P_{13}(1900)$, $S_{11}(2090)$ and $P_{11}(2100)$ resonances, we conclude that either a subthreshold resonance or a broad $P$-wave state in the near threshold range seems to be indispensable to describe present data of the $\\pi N \\to \\eta'N$. Furthermore, at least one broad resonance above $\\eta'N$ threshold is preferred. With this detailed analysis, we could give the invariant mass spectrum and Dalitz plot of the $J/\\psi \\to p\\bar{p}\\eta'$ decay for the purpose of assisting the future detailed partial wave analysis. It is found that the $J/\\psi \\to p\\bar{p}\\eta'$ data are useful for disentangling the above or below threshold resonant contribution, though it still further needs the differential cross section data of $\\pi N \\to \\eta'N$ to realize some of the resonant and the non-resonant contribution. Our results are enlightening for the $\\eta'N$ production mechanism and the properties of the nucleon resonances with the mass around 2.0~GeV.

Xu Cao; Ju-Jun Xie

2014-11-06

47

Decay Times and Quality Factors for a Resonance Apparatus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The commercial resonance demonstration apparatus shown in Fig. 1 exhibits curious behavior. It consists of three pairs of slender spring-steel rods attached to a horizontal bar. When one of the rods is pulled aside and released, the rod of corresponding length is excited into visible motion, but the other rods remain apparently stationary. This may seem surprising because there is no noticeable motion of the bar or the base. The effect is achieved because each length of rod has its own frequency, and all of the rods are very lightly damped. A very lightly damped rod responds quite strongly when excited at its resonant frequency but barely responds at other frequencies (Fig. 2).

Stephens, Heather; Tam, Austin; Moloney, Michael

2011-10-01

48

Evidence of a New Narrow Resonance Decaying to ?c1? in B??c1?K  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report measurements of B??c1?K and ?c2?K decays using 772×106 BB¯ events collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. Evidence of a new resonance in the ?c1? final state is found with a statistical significance of 3.8?. This state has a mass of 3823.1±1.8(stat)±0.7(syst)MeV/c2, a value that is consistent with theoretical expectations for the previously unseen 1D23 cc¯ meson. We find no other narrow resonance and set upper limits on the branching fractions of the X(3872)??c1? and ?c2? decays.

Bhardwaj, V.; Miyabayashi, K.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, A.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Dutta, K.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Ferber, T.; Frey, A.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwashita, T.; Julius, T.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kato, E.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kumar, R.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Liu, C.; Liu, Z. Q.; Liventsev, D.; Lukin, P.; Matvienko, D.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Panzenböck, E.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santel, D.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Seidl, R.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Singh, J. B.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Steder, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Urquijo, P.; Usov, Y.; Vahsen, S. E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Vinokurova, A.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Yook, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

2013-07-01

49

Evidence of a new narrow resonance decaying to ?(c1)? in B??(c1)?K.  

PubMed

We report measurements of B??(c1)?K and ?(c2)?K decays using 772×10(6) BB[over ¯] events collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e(+)e(-) collider. Evidence of a new resonance in the ?(c1)? final state is found with a statistical significance of 3.8?. This state has a mass of 3823.1±1.8(stat)±0.7(syst) MeV/c(2), a value that is consistent with theoretical expectations for the previously unseen 1(3)D(2) cc[over ¯] meson. We find no other narrow resonance and set upper limits on the branching fractions of the X(3872)??(c1)? and ?(c2)? decays. PMID:23909309

Bhardwaj, V; Miyabayashi, K; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bra?ko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S-K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, D; Dutta, K; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Frey, A; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Ganguly, S; Gillard, R; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayashii, H; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W-S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwashita, T; Julius, T; Kah, D H; Kang, J H; Kato, E; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y-J; Lange, J S; Lee, S-H; Li, J; Li, Y; Liu, C; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Lukin, P; Matvienko, D; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Moll, A; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Panzenböck, E; Park, H; Park, H K; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Petri?, M; Piilonen, L E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rostomyan, A; Sahoo, H; Saito, T; Sakai, K; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Sato, Y; Savinov, V; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Seidl, R; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shibata, T-A; Shiu, J-G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Singh, J B; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y-S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stari?, M; Steder, M; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tanida, K; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Urquijo, P; Usov, Y; Vahsen, S E; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vinokurova, A; Wagner, M N; Wang, C H; Wang, M-Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Yuan, C Z; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

2013-07-19

50

a Study of Alpha Decay from the Giant Resonance Region in Carbon via Inelastic Electron Scattering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have excited the giant resonance region in ^{12}C via inelastic electron scattering and have measured the first complete angular correlations for charged particle (p and alpha ) emission for this reaction for six values of momentum transfer ranging from 0.24fm^{-1} to 0.93fm^{-1}. By analyzing the alpha emission decay channels via the Legendre and resonance formalisms, we unambiguously determined the multipole contributions to the total cross section for alpha decay to the ground state of ^8Be (alpha_0 decay) and have set limits on these contributions for alpha decay to the first excited state of ^8Be (alpha_1 decay). We have found that, in both cases, E2 radiation is the strongest contribution as theoretically expected but that E0 and E3 contributions cannot be ignored. This emphasizes the importance of measuring complete correlations. By constructing total multipole form factors, the first to be measured for an isoscalar resonance in the ^{12}C nucleus tagged on alpha decay, and fitting these form factors within the distorted wave Born approximation and with a transition charge density specified by the Tassie model, we were able to deduce multipole transition strengths. These strengths were then expressed as fractions of the appropriate sum rule since this approach provides us with a reliable way to compare the mean value of transition strengths for various transition operators. In particular, the (e,e^' alpha) E2 isoscalar sum rule strengths were compared to those deduced from (p,p^' alpha) and (alpha,alpha ^'alpha) experiments for both alpha_0 and alpha_1 decay and for several energy regimes. The result is that the proton scattering strengths agree with those from our analysis while those from alpha scattering are too low. For these two experiments, however, the cross section was assumed to be entirely E2 in nature and complete angular correlations were not measured, implying insensitivity to interfering multipoles.

Deangelis, David John

1992-01-01

51

Search for resonances decaying into top-quark pairs using fully hadronic decays in pp collisions with ATLAS at ?s = 7 TeV  

E-print Network

A search for resonances produced in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions and decaying into top-quark pairs is described. In this Letter events where the top-quark decay produces two massive jets with large transverse momenta ...

Taylor, Frank E.

52

Spontaneous decay of resonant energy levels for molecules with moving nuclei  

E-print Network

We consider the Pauli-Fierz Hamiltonian with dynamical nuclei and investigate the transitions between the resonant electronic energy levels under the assumption that there are no free photons in the beginning. Coupling the limits of small fine structure constant and of heavy nuclei allows us to prove the validity of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation at leading order and to provide a simple formula for the rate of spontaneous decay.

Stefan Teufel; Jakob Wachsmuth

2011-09-02

53

Resonant structure and flavour tagging in the B? ± system using fully reconstructed B decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from a sample of four million hadronic Z decays collected with the ALEPH detector at LEP, 404 charged and neutral B mesons are fully reconstructed and used to look for resonant structure in the B? system. An excess of events is observed above the expected background in the B? mass spectrum at a mass ?5.7 GeV\\/c2, consistent with the

R. Barate; Damir Buskulic; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; A. Lucotte; E. Merle; M.-N. Minard; J.-Y. Nief; B. Pietrzyk; R. Alemany; G. Boix; M. P. Casado; M. Chmeissani; J. M. Crespo; M C Delfino; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; Ll. Garrido; E Graugès-Pous; A. Juste; M. Martinez; G. Merino; R. Miquel; Ll. M. Mir; I. C. Park; A. Pascual; J. A. Perlas; I. Riu; F. Sanchez; A. Colaleo; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; G. Gelao; Giuseppe Iaselli; G. Maggi; M. Maggi; S. Nuzzo; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; A. Tricomi; G. Zito; X. Huang; J. Lin; Q. Ouyang; T. Wang; Y. Xie; R. Xu; S. Xue; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; D. Abbaneo; U. Becker; P G Bright-Thomas; David William Casper; M. Cattaneo; V. Ciulli; G. Dissertori; H. Drevermann; Roger W Forty; M. Frank; R. Hagelberg; J. B. Hansen; J. Harvey; R. Jacobsen; P. Janot; B. Jost; Ivan Lehraus; P. Mato; Adolf G Minten; L. Moneta; A. Pacheco; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; D. Rousseau; D. Schlatter; M. Schmitt; O. Schneider; W. Tejessy; F. Teubert; I. R. Tomalin; H W Wachsmuth; A. Wagner; Ziad J Ajaltouni; F. Badaud; G. Chazelle; O. Deschamps; A. Falvard; C. Ferdi; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; S. Monteil; J. C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; P. Rosnet; J. D. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; B. S. Nilsson; B. Rensch; A. Wäänänen; G. Daskalakis; A. Kyriakis; C. Markou; Errietta Simopoulou; I. Siotis; Anna Vayaki; A. Blondel; G R Bonneaud; J.-C. Brient; P. Bourdon; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; Andrea Valassi; M. Verderi; H L Videau; E. Focardi; G. Parrini; K. Zachariadou; M. Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; D. E. Jaffe; A. Antonelli; G. Bencivenni; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; L. Passalacqua; M. Pepe-Altarelli; L. Curtis; A. W. Halley; J. G. Lynch; P. Negus; V. O'Shea; C. Raine; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; P. Teixeira-Dias; A. S. Thompson; E. Thomson; O L Buchmüller; S. Dhamotharan; C. Geweniger; G. Graefe; P. Hanke; G. Hansper; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; A. Putzer; J. Sommer; K. Tittel; S. Werner; M. Wunsch; R. Beuselinck; David M Binnie; W. Cameron; Peter J Dornan; M. Girone; S M Goodsir; E. B. Martin; N. Marinelli; A. Moutoussi; J. Nash; J. K. Sedgbeer; P. Spagnolo; M. D. Williams; V. M. Ghete; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; A. P. Betteridge; C. K. Bowdery; P. G. Buck; P. Colrain; G. Crawford; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; R. W. L. Jones; M. I. Williams; I. Giehl; A. M. Greene; C. Hoffmann; K. Jakobs; K. Kleinknecht; G. Quast; B. Renk; E. Rohne; H.-G. Sander; P. van Gemmeren; C. Zeitnitz; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; G. Bujosa; D. Calvet; J. Carr; P. Coyle; F. Etienne; O. Leroy; F. Motsch; P. Payre; M. Talby; A. Sadouki; M. Thulasidas; K. Trabelsi; M. Aleppo; M. Antonelli; F. Ragusa; R. Berlich; Walter Blum; V. Büscher; H. Dietl; G. Ganis; H. Kroha; G. Lütjens; C. Mannert; W. Männer; H.-G. Moser; S. Schael; Ronald Settles; H C J Seywerd; H. Seywerd; W. Wiedenmann; G. Wolf; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; S. Chen; A. Cordier; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; A. Höcker; A. Jacholkowska; D. W. Kim; F R Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; M.-H. Schune; E. Tournefier; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; D. Zerwas; P. Azzurri; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; T. Boccali; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. Carpinelli; R. Dell'Orso; R. Fantechi; I. Ferrante; L. Foà; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; M. A. Giorgi; F. Ligabue; A. Lusiani; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; Fabrizio Palla; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; A. Sciabà; Roberto Tenchini; G. Tonelli; C. Vannini; A. Venturi; P. G. Verdini; G. A. Blair; L. M. Bryant; J. T. Chambers; M. G. Green; T. Medcalf; P. Perrodo; J. A. Strong; J. H. von Wimmersperg-Toeller; David R Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; S. Haywood; P. R. Norton; J. C. Thompson; A. E. Wright; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; S. Emery; Witold Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M.-C. Lemaire; E. Locci; P. Perez; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; A. Trabelsi; B. Vallage; S. N. Black; J. H. Dann; R. P. Johnson; H. Y. Kim; N P Konstantinidis; A. M. Litke; M. A. McNeil; G. Taylor; C. N. Booth; C. A. J. Brew; S L Cartwright; F. Combley; M. S. Kelly; M H Lehto; J. Reeve; L. F. Thompson; K. Affholderbach; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G D Cowan; Claus Grupen; P. Saraiva; L. Smolik; F. Stephan; M. Apollonio; L. Bosisio; R. Della Marina; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; G. Musolino; J E Rothberg; S R Wasserbaech; S. R. Armstrong; E. Charles; P. Elmer; D. P. S. Ferguson; Y. Gao; S. González; T. C. Greening; O. J. Hayes; H. Hu; S. Jin; P. A. McNamara III; J. M. Nachtman; J. Nielsen; W. Orejudos; Y. B. Pan; Y. Saadi; I. J. Scott; J. Walsh; Sau Lan Wu; X. Wu; G. Zobernig

1998-01-01

54

Superradiant Decay of Cyclotron Resonance of Two-Dimensional Electron Gases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the observation of collective radiative decay, or superradiance, of cyclotron resonance (CR) in high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases in GaAs quantum wells using time-domain terahertz magnetospectroscopy. The decay rate of coherent CR oscillations increases linearly with the electron density in a wide range, which is a hallmark of superradiant damping. Our fully quantum mechanical theory provides a universal formula for the decay rate, which reproduces our experimental data without any adjustable parameter. These results firmly establish the many-body nature of CR decoherence in this system, despite the fact that the CR frequency is immune to electron-electron interactions due to Kohn's theorem.

Zhang, Qi; Arikawa, Takashi; Kato, Eiji; Reno, John L.; Pan, Wei; Watson, John D.; Manfra, Michael J.; Zudov, Michael A.; Tokman, Mikhail; Erukhimova, Maria; Belyanin, Alexey; Kono, Junichiro

2014-07-01

55

Measurement of the resonant and CP components in $\\overline{B}^0\\rightarrow J/??^+?^-$ decays  

E-print Network

The resonant structure of the reaction $\\overline{B}^0\\rightarrow J/\\psi \\pi^+\\pi^-$ is studied using data from 3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected by the LHCb experiment, one-third at 7 Tev center-of-mass energy and the remainder at 8 Tev. The invariant mass of the $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ pair and three decay angular distributions are used to determine the fractions of the resonant and non-resonant components. Six interfering $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ states: $\\rho(770)$, $f_0(500)$, $f_2(1270)$, $\\rho(1450)$, $\\omega(782)$ and $\\rho(1700)$ are required to give a good description of invariant mass spectra and decay angular distributions. The positive and negative CP fractions of each of the resonant final states are determined. The $f_0(980)$ meson is not seen and the upper limit on its presence, compared with the observed $f_0(500)$ rate, is inconsistent with a model of tetraquark substructure for these scalar mesons at the eight standard deviation level. In the $q\\overline{q}$ model, the absolute value of the mixing angle between the $f_0(980)$ and the $f_0(500)$ scalar mesons is limited to be less than $17^{\\circ}$ at 90% confidence level.

LHCb collaboration; R. Aaij; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; S. Ali; G. Alkhazov; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; S. Amerio; Y. Amhis; L. An; L. Anderlini; J. Anderson; R. Andreassen; M. Andreotti; J. E. Andrews; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; F. Archilli; A. Artamonov; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; M. Baalouch; S. Bachmann; J. J. Back; A. Badalov; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; W. Barter; V. Batozskaya; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; L. Beaucourt; J. Beddow; F. Bedeschi; I. Bediaga; S. Belogurov; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; G. Bencivenni; S. Benson; J. Benton; A. Berezhnoy; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; T. Bird; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjørnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; M. Borsato; T. J. V. Bowcock; E. Bowen; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; D. Brett; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Bursche; G. Busetto; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; R. Calabrese; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; D. Campora Perez; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; H. Carranza-Mejia; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; L. Cassina; L. Castillo Garcia; M. Cattaneo; Ch. Cauet; R. Cenci; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; S. -F. Cheung; N. Chiapolini; M. Chrzaszcz; K. Ciba; X. Cid Vidal; G. Ciezarek; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; V. Coco; J. Cogan; E. Cogneras; P. Collins; A. Comerma-Montells; A. Contu; A. Cook; M. Coombes; S. Coquereau; G. Corti; M. Corvo; I. Counts; B. Couturier; G. A. Cowan; D. C. Craik; M. Cruz Torres; S. Cunliffe; R. Currie; C. D'Ambrosio; J. Dalseno; P. David; P. N. Y. David; A. Davis; K. De Bruyn; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; W. De Silva; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; M. Deckenhoff; L. Del Buono; N. Déléage; D. Derkach; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; A. Di Canto; H. Dijkstra; S. Donleavy; F. Dordei; M. Dorigo; A. Dosil Suárez; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; P. Durante; R. Dzhelyadin; A. Dziurda; A. Dzyuba; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; S. Eisenhardt; U. Eitschberger; R. Ekelhof; L. Eklund; I. El Rifai; Ch. Elsasser; S. Ely; S. Esen; T. Evans; A. Falabella; C. Färber; C. Farinelli; N. Farley; S. Farry; D. Ferguson; V. Fernandez Albor; F. Ferreira Rodrigues; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; M. Fiore; M. Fiorini; M. Firlej; C. Fitzpatrick; T. Fiutowski; M. Fontana; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; O. Francisco; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; J. Fu; E. Furfaro; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; S. Gallorini; S. Gambetta; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J. Garofoli; J. Garra Tico; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; R. Gauld; L. Gavardi; E. Gersabeck; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; A. Gianelle; S. Giani'; V. Gibson; L. Giubega; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; C. Gotti; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; E. Greening; S. Gregson; P. Griffith; L. Grillo; O. Grünberg; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; C. Hadjivasiliou; G. Haefeli; C. Haen; S. C. Haines; S. Hall; B. Hamilton; T. Hampson; X. Han; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; N. Harnew; S. T. Harnew; J. Harrison; T. Hartmann; J. He; T. Head; V. Heijne; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; L. Henry; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; M. Heß; A. Hicheur; D. Hill; M. Hoballah; C. Hombach; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; N. Hussain; D. Hutchcroft; D. Hynds; M. Idzik; P. Ilten; R. Jacobsson; A. Jaeger; J. Jalocha; E. Jans; P. Jaton; A. Jawahery; M. Jezabek; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; C. Joram; B. Jost; N. Jurik; M. Kaballo; S. Kandybei; W. Kanso; M. Karacson; T. M. Karbach; M. Kelsey; I. R. Kenyon; T. Ketel; B. Khanji; C. Khurewathanakul; S. Klaver; O. Kochebina; M. Kolpin; I. Komarov; R. F. Koopman; P. Koppenburg; M. Korolev; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; K. Kreplin; M. Kreps; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; M. Kucharczyk; V. Kudryavtsev; K. Kurek; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; D. Lambert; R. W. Lambert; E. Lanciotti; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; B. Langhans; T. Latham; C. Lazzeroni; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefèvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; S. Leo; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; B. Leverington; Y. Li; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; F. Lionetto; B. Liu; G. Liu; S. Lohn; I. Longstaff; J. H. Lopes; N. Lopez-March; P. Lowdon; H. Lu; D. Lucchesi; H. Luo; A. Lupato; E. Luppi; O. Lupton; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; S. Malde; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; M. Manzali; J. Maratas; J. F. Marchand; U. Marconi; C. Marin Benito; P. Marino; R. Märki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; A. Martín Sánchez; M. Martinelli; D. Martinez Santos

2014-04-22

56

Strong interference effects in the resonant Auger decay of atoms induced by intense x-ray fields  

SciTech Connect

The theory of resonant Auger decay of atoms in a high-intensity coherent x-ray pulse is presented. The theory includes the coupling between the ground state and the resonance due to an intense x-ray pulse, taking into account the decay of the resonance and the direct photoionization of the ground state, both populating the final ionic states coherently. The theory also considers the impact of the direct photoionization of the resonance state itself which typically populates highly excited ionic states. The combined action of the resonant decay and of the direct ionization of the ground state in the field induces a non-Hermitian time-dependent coupling between the ground and the ''dressed'' resonance stats. The impact of these competing processes on the total electron yield and on the 2s{sup 2}2p{sup 4}({sup 1}D)3p {sup 2}P spectator and 2s{sup 1}2p{sup 6} {sup 2}S participator Auger decay spectra of the Ne 1s{yields}3p resonance is investigated. The role of the direct photoionization of the ground state and of the resonance increases dramatically with the field intensity. This results in strong interference effects with distinct patterns in the electron spectra, which differ for the participator and spectator final states.

Demekhin, Philipp V.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S. [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-02-15

57

Search for a resonance decaying into WZ boson pairs in pp collisions.  

PubMed

We present the first search for an electrically charged resonance W' decaying to a WZ boson pair using 4.1 fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider. The WZ pairs are reconstructed through their decays into three charged leptons (l=e, mu). A total of 9 data events is observed in good agreement with the background prediction. We set 95% C.L. limits on the W'WZ coupling and on the W' production cross section multiplied by the branching fractions. We also exclude W' masses between 188 and 520 GeV within a simple extension of the standard model and set the most restrictive limits to date on low-scale technicolor models. PMID:20366811

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Camacho-Pérez, E; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De la Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De la Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kaadze, K; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Mal, P K; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M

2010-02-12

58

Hyperon AND Hyperon Resonance Properties From Charm Baryon Decays At BaBar  

SciTech Connect

This report describes studies of hyperons and hyperon resonances produced in charm baryon decays at BABAR. Using two-body decays of the {Xi}{sub c}{sup 0} and {Omega}{sub c}{sup 0}, it is shown, for the first time, that the spin of the {omega}{sup -} is 3/2. The {Omega}{sup -} analysis procedures are extended to three-body final states and properties of the {Xi}(1690){sup 0} are extracted from a detailed isobar model analysis of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Lambda}{bar K}{sup 0}K{sup +} Dalitz plot. The mass and width values of the {Xi}(1690){sup 0} are measured with much greater precision than attained previously. The hypothesis that the spin of the {Xi}(1690) resonance is 1/2 yields an excellent description of the data, while spin values 3/2 and 5/2 are disfavored. The {Lambda}a{sub 0}(980){sup +} decay mode of the {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} is observed for the first time. Similar techniques are then used to study {Xi}(1530){sup 0} production in {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} decay. The spin of the {Xi}(1530) is established for the first time to be 3/2. The existence of an S-wave amplitude in the {Xi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +} system is shown, and its interference with the {Xi}(1530){sup 0} amplitude provides the first clear demonstration of the Breit-Wigner phase motion expected for the {Xi}(1530). The {Xi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +} mass distribution in the vicinity of the {Xi}(1690){sup 0} exhibits interesting structure which may be interpreted as indicating that the {Xi}(1690) has negative parity.

Ziegler, Veronique; /Iowa U.

2007-07-03

59

Search for a new resonance decaying into top-antitop at Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

In this report a new search for a narrow-width heavy resonance decaying into top quark pairs (X {yields} t{bar t}) in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV has been performed using data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The analysis considers t{bar t} candidate events in the lepton+jets channel using a lifetime tag to identify b-jets and the t{bar t} invariant mass distribution to search for evidence of resonant production. The analyzed dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of approximately 370 pb{sup -1}. Since no evidence for a t{bar t} resonance X is found, upper limits on {sigma}{sub x} x B(X {yields} t{bar t}) for different hypothesized resonance masses using a Bayesian approach are set. Within a topcolor-assisted technicolor model, the existence of a leptophobic Z' boson with M{sub Z'} < 680 GeV and width {Lambda}{sub Z'} = 0.012 M{sub Z'} can be excluded at 95% C.L.

Schwanenberger, Christian; /Bonn U.

2006-02-01

60

Localization of electrons in the sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA investigated via resonant Auger decay spectra  

SciTech Connect

In order to elucidate the localized nature of electrons in sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA molecules, resonant Auger decay spectra excited by soft x-rays around the inner-shell ionization thresholds have been measured for single-strand DNA. The systems investigated are thin films of DNA as well as related phosphorus compounds such as nucleotide (adenosine triphosphate, ATP), sodium phosphate, and indium phosphide. For ATP and DNA, it was observed that the resonant excitations from P 1s to valence unoccupied {pi}* orbitals are followed by spectator-type Auger decays where the excited electrons remain in valence orbitals during the core-hole decays. It was also found that the energy of the P KL{sub 2,3}L{sub 2,3} (2p{sup -1}{center_dot}{pi}*) spectator Auger peak shifts linearly with the photon energy due to the resonant Auger Raman scattering. Most of the decay channel at the core-to-valence resonant excitation is spectator-type Auger decay in DNA, which is quite different from the Auger decay processes in metallic and semiconducting materials. We conclude that the excited electrons in valence unoccupied states around the phosphates in DNA molecules are strongly localized, resulting in the insulating properties in a one-dimensional direction along sugar/phosphate backbone.

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 319-1195 (Japan); Nath, Krishna G. [INRS-EMT, University of Quebec, 1650 Boul. Lionel Boulet, Varennes, QC, J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2006-11-15

61

Localization of electrons in the sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA investigated via resonant Auger decay spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to elucidate the localized nature of electrons in sugar/phosphate backbone in DNA molecules, resonant Auger decay spectra excited by soft x-rays around the inner-shell ionization thresholds have been measured for single-strand DNA. The systems investigated are thin films of DNA as well as related phosphorus compounds such as nucleotide (adenosine triphosphate, ATP), sodium phosphate, and indium phosphide. For ATP and DNA, it was observed that the resonant excitations from P 1s to valence unoccupied ?* orbitals are followed by spectator-type Auger decays where the excited electrons remain in valence orbitals during the core-hole decays. It was also found that the energy of the P KL2,3L2,3 (2p-1•?*) spectator Auger peak shifts linearly with the photon energy due to the resonant Auger Raman scattering. Most of the decay channel at the core-to-valence resonant excitation is spectator-type Auger decay in DNA, which is quite different from the Auger decay processes in metallic and semiconducting materials. We conclude that the excited electrons in valence unoccupied states around the phosphates in DNA molecules are strongly localized, resulting in the insulating properties in a one-dimensional direction along sugar/phosphate backbone.

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Hirao, Norie; Nath, Krishna G.

2006-11-01

62

Search for Resonant Top-antitop Production in the Semi-leptonic Decay Mode Using the Full CDF Data Set  

E-print Network

This Letter reports a search for a narrow resonant state decaying into two $W$ bosons and a bottom-antibottom quark pair where one $W$ boson decays leptonically and the other decays into a quark-antiquark pair. The search is particularly sensitive to top-antitop resonant production. We use the full data sample of proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.45 fb$^{-1}$. No evidence for resonant production is found and upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a narrow resonant state are extracted. Within a specific benchmark model, we exclude a $Z'$ boson with mass below 915 GeV/$c^2$ decaying into a top-antitop pair at the 95% credibility level assuming a $Z'$ boson decay width of $\\Gamma_{Z'} = 0.012 M_{Z'}$. This is the most sensitive search for a narrow $\\ensuremath{q\\bar{q}}$-initiated $\\ensuremath{t\\bar{t}}$ resonance in the mass region below 750 GeV/$c^2$.

CDF Collaboration

2012-11-22

63

Search for resonant top-antitop production in the lepton plus jets decay mode using the full CDF data set.  

PubMed

This Letter reports a search for a narrow resonant state decaying into two W bosons and two b quarks where one W boson decays leptonically and the other decays into a quark-antiquark pair. The search is particularly sensitive to top-antitop resonant production. We use the full data sample of proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.45 fb(-1). No evidence for resonant production is found, and upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a narrow resonant state are extracted. Within a specific benchmark model, we exclude a Z' boson with mass, M(Z'), below 915 GeV/c(2) decaying into a top-antitop pair at the 95% credibility level assuming a Z' boson decay width of ?(Z') = 0.012 M(Z'). This is the most sensitive search for a narrow qq-initiated tt resonance in the mass region below 750 GeV/c(2). PMID:25166792

Aaltonen, T; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Appel, J A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asaadi, J; Ashmanskas, W; Auerbach, B; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Bae, T; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bauce, M; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Bhatti, A; Bland, K R; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brucken, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Butti, P; Buzatu, A; Calamba, A; Camarda, S; Campanelli, M; Canelli, F; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clarke, C; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Corbo, M; Cordelli, M; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Cremonesi, M; Cruz, D; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; d'Ascenzo, N; Datta, M; De Barbaro, P; Demortier, L; Deninno, M; Devoto, F; d'Errico, M; Di Canto, A; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dorigo, M; Driutti, A; Ebina, K; Edgar, R; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, S; Esham, B; Eusebi, R; Farrington, S; Fernández Ramos, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Frisch, H; Funakoshi, Y; Garfinkel, A F; Garosi, P; Gerberich, H; Gerchtein, E; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Gibson, K; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giromini, P; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldin, D; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González López, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gramellini, E; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Hahn, S R; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harr, R F; Harrington-Taber, T; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heinrich, J; Herndon, M; Hocker, A; Hong, Z; Hopkins, W; Hou, S; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Huston, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jindariani, S; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Junk, T R; Kambeitz, M; Kamon, T; Karchin, P E; Kasmi, A; Kato, Y; Ketchum, W; Keung, J; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kim, Y J; Kimura, N; Kirby, M; Knoepfel, K; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Kruse, M; Kuhr, T; Kurata, M; Laasanen, A T; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lannon, K; Latino, G; Lee, H S; Lee, J S; Leo, S; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Limosani, A; Lipeles, E; Liu, H; Liu, Q; Liu, T; Lockwitz, S; Loginov, A; Lucchesi, D; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Madrak, R; Maestro, P; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, P; Martínez, M; Matera, K; Mattson, M E; Mazzacane, A; Mazzanti, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Mietlicki, D; Mitra, A; Miyake, H; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Naganoma, J; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Nett, J; Neu, C; Nigmanov, T; Nodulman, L; Noh, S Y; Norniella, O; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Ortolan, L; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Palni, P; Papadimitriou, V; Parker, W; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Pianori, E; Pilot, J; Pitts, K; Plager, C; Pondrom, L; Poprocki, S; Potamianos, K; Prokoshin, F; Pranko, A; Ptohos, F; Punzi, G; Ranjan, N; Redondo Fernández, I; Renton, P; Rescigno, M; Riddick, T; Rimondi, F; Ristori, L; Robson, A; Rodriguez, T; Rolli, S; Ronzani, M; Roser, R; Rosner, J L; Ruffini, F; Ruiz, A; Russ, J; Rusu, V; Safonov, A; Sakumoto, W K; Sakurai, Y; Santi, L; Sato, K; Saveliev, V; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schlabach, P; Schmidt, E E; Schwarz, T; Scodellaro, L; Scuri, F; Seidel, S; Seiya, Y; Semenov, A; Sforza, F; Shalhout, S Z; Shears, T; Shepard, P F; Shimojima, M; Shochet, M; Shreyber-Tecker, I; Simonenko, A; Sinervo, P; Sliwa, K; Smith, J R; Snider, F D; Sorin, V; Song, H; Stancari, M; St Denis, R; Stelzer, B; Stelzer-Chilton, O; Stentz, D; Strologas, J; Sudo, Y; Sukhanov, A; Suslov, I; Takemasa, K; Takeuchi, Y; Tang, J; Tecchio, M; Teng, P K; Thom, J; Thomson, E; Thukral, V; Toback, D; Tokar, S; Tollefson, K; Tomura, T; Tonelli, D; Torre, S; Torretta, D; Totaro, P; Trovato, M; Ukegawa, F; Uozumi, S; Vázquez, F; Velev, G; Vellidis, C; Vernieri, C; Vidal, M; Vilar, R; Vizán, J; Vogel, M; Volpi, G; Wagner, P; Wallny, R; Wang, S M; Warburton, A; Waters, D; Wester, W C; Whiteson, D; Wicklund, A B; Wilbur, S; Williams, H H; Wilson, J S; Wilson, P; Winer, B L; Wittich, P; Wolbers, S; Wolfe, H; Wright, T; Wu, X; Wu, Z; Yamamoto, K; Yamato, D; Yang, T; Yang, U K; Yang, Y C; Yao, W-M; Yeh, G P; Yi, K; Yoh, J; Yorita, K; Yoshida, T; Yu, G B; Yu, I; Zanetti, A M; Zeng, Y; Zhou, C

2013-03-22

64

Measurement of resonant and $CP$ components in $\\overline{B}_s^0\\rightarrow J/??^+?^-$ decays  

E-print Network

The resonant structure of the decay $\\overline{B}_s^0\\to J/\\psi\\pi^+\\pi^-$ is studied using data corresponding to 3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity from $pp$ collisions by the LHC and collected by the LHCb detector. Five interfering $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ states are required to describe the decay: $f_0(980),f_0(1500),f_0(1790),f_2(1270)$, and $f_2^{\\prime}(1525)$. An alternative model including these states and a non-resonant $J/\\psi \\pi^+\\pi^-$ component also provides a good description of the data. Based on the different transversity components measured for the spin-2 intermediate states, the final state is found to be compatible with being entirely $CP$-odd. The $CP$-even part is found to be $500)$ state is not observed, allowing a limit to be set on the absolute value of the mixing angle with the $f_0(980)$ of $<7.7^{\\circ}$ at 90% confidence level, consistent with a tetraquark interpretation of the $f_0(980)$ substructure.

LHCb collaboration; R. Aaij; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; S. Ali; G. Alkhazov; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; S. Amerio; Y. Amhis; L. Anderlini; J. Anderson; R. Andreassen; M. Andreotti; J. E. Andrews; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; F. Archilli; A. Artamonov; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; M. Baalouch; S. Bachmann; J. J. Back; A. Badalov; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; W. Barter; V. Batozskaya; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; J. Beddow; F. Bedeschi; I. Bediaga; S. Belogurov; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; G. Bencivenni; S. Benson; J. Benton; A. Berezhnoy; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; T. Bird; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bj\\ornstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; M. Borsato; T. J. V. Bowcock; E. Bowen; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; D. Brett; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Bursche; G. Busetto; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; R. Calabrese; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; D. Campora Perez; F. Caponio; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; H. Carranza-Mejia; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; L. Cassina; L. Castillo Garcia; M. Cattaneo; Ch. Cauet; R. Cenci; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; S. -F. Cheung; N. Chiapolini; M. Chrzaszcz; K. Ciba; X. Cid Vidal; G. Ciezarek; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; E. Cogneras; P. Collins; A. Comerma-Montells; A. Contu; A. Cook; M. Coombes; S. Coquereau; G. Corti; I. Counts; B. Couturier; G. A. Cowan; D. C. Craik; M. Cruz Torres; S. Cunliffe; R. Currie; C. D'Ambrosio; J. Dalseno; P. David; P. N. Y. David; A. Davis; I. De Bonis; K. De Bruyn; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; W. De Silva; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; M. Deckenhoff; L. Del Buono; N. Déléage; D. Derkach; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; A. Di Canto; H. Dijkstra; S. Donleavy; F. Dordei; M. Dorigo; P. Dorosz; A. Dosil Suárez; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; P. Durante; R. Dzhelyadin; A. Dziurda; A. Dzyuba; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; S. Eisenhardt; U. Eitschberger; R. Ekelhof; L. Eklund; I. El Rifai; Ch. Elsasser; S. Esen; A. Falabella; C. Färber; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; D. Ferguson; V. Fernandez Albor; F. Ferreira Rodrigues; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; M. Fiore; M. Fiorini; C. Fitzpatrick; M. Fontana; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; O. Francisco; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; J. Fu; E. Furfaro; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; S. Gambetta; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J. Garofoli; J. Garra Tico; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; R. Gauld; L. Gavardi; E. Gersabeck; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; A. Gianelle; S. Giani'; V. Gibson; L. Giubega; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; E. Greening; S. Gregson; P. Griffith; L. Grillo; O. Grünberg; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; C. Hadjivasiliou; G. Haefeli; C. Haen; T. W. Hafkenscheid; S. C. Haines; S. Hall; B. Hamilton; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; N. Harnew; S. T. Harnew; J. Harrison; T. Hartmann; J. He; T. Head; V. Heijne; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; L. Henry; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; M. Heß; A. Hicheur; D. Hill; M. Hoballah; C. Hombach; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; N. Hussain; D. Hutchcroft; D. Hynds; M. Idzik; P. Ilten; R. Jacobsson; A. Jaeger; E. Jans; P. Jaton; A. Jawahery; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; C. Joram; B. Jost; N. Jurik; M. Kaballo; S. Kandybei; W. Kanso; M. Karacson; T. M. Karbach; M. Kelsey; I. R. Kenyon; T. Ketel; B. Khanji; C. Khurewathanakul; S. Klaver; O. Kochebina; I. Komarov; R. F. Koopman; P. Koppenburg; M. Korolev; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; K. Kreplin; M. Kreps; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; M. Kucharczyk; V. Kudryavtsev; K. Kurek; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; D. Lambert; R. W. Lambert; E. Lanciotti; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; B. Langhans; T. Latham; C. Lazzeroni; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefèvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; S. Leo; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; B. Leverington; Y. Li; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; F. Lionetto; B. Liu; G. Liu; S. Lohn; I. Longstaff; J. H. Lopes; N. Lopez-March; P. Lowdon; H. Lu; D. Lucchesi; H. Luo; E. Luppi; O. Lupton; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; S. Malde; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; M. Manzali; J. Maratas; U. Marconi; C. Marin Benito; P. Marino; R. Märki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; A. Martín Sánchez; M. Martinelli; D. Martinez Santos; F. Martinez Vidal; D. Martins Tostes; A. Massafferri; R. Matev; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; A. Mazurov

2014-02-25

65

A study of two-photon decays of charmonium resonances formed in proton-antiproton annihilations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this dissertation we describe the results of an investigation of the production of charmonium states (hc,h' c,c0and c2) in Fermilab experiment E835 via antiproton-proton annihilation and their detection via their decay into two photons. The hc resonance parameters were determined to be M(hc)=2982.4+2.3- 2.2 MeV, G(hc) =26.9+10.8-9.5 MeV and G(hc-->gg )=5.7+2.9+2.9-2.3- 1.4 keV. For the c2 resonance, a partial width G(c2-->gg )=0.343+0.053+00.43-0.051 -0.038 keV was measured. No evidence in the gg decay mode for either c0 (near s~=3415 MeV) or h'c (in the region s=3575- 3660 = 3575-3660 MeV) regions was found. 90% confidence upper limits were established at G(c0-->gg )<=1.3 keV, and B(h'c-->overline poverlinep)×B(h 'c-->gg) <=5.9×10-8.

Pedlar, Todd Kristofer

1999-12-01

66

Time modulation of K-electron capture decay of hydrogen-like ions with multiphoton resonance transitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiphoton resonance transitions between ground hyperfine states are used for time modulation of the electron capture decay of hydrogen-like ions with the Gamow-Teller transition 1+?0+. The proposed mechanism offers a time oscillating decay with a frequency of up to 0.1 Hz. An experiment to observe the modulation is proposed for ions stored in a Penning trap. An attempt to understand the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI) anomaly with multiple photon transitions is made.

Pavlichenkov, I. M.

2010-05-01

67

Time Modulation of K-electron Capture Decay of Hydrogen-Like Ions with Multiphoton Resonance Transitions  

E-print Network

The multiphoton resonance transitions between ground hyperfine states are used for the time modulation of the electron capture decay of hydrogen like ions with the Gamow-Teller transition $1^+\\to 0^+$. The proposed mechanism offers a time oscillating decay with the frequency up to 0.1 Hz. The experiment to observe the modulation is proposed for ions stored in a Penning trap. An attempt to understand the GSI anomaly with multiple photon transitions is made.

I. M. Pavlichenkov

2010-04-11

68

Observation of a scalar resonance decaying to pi+pi-pi0pi0 in pp annihilation at rest  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report an analysis of pp annihilation at rest into varrho+varrho-pi0 leading to the final state pi+pi-3pi 0. A strong signal is observed for a scalar resonance with mass 1374 +\\/- 38 MeV\\/c2 and width 375 +\\/- 61 MeV\\/c2, decaying to varrho+varrho-. The resonance in varrho+varrho- represents 2.0 +\\/- 0.3% of all pp annihilation at rest. It is also observed

C. Amsler; D. S. Armstrong; I. Augustin; C. A. Baker; B. M. Barnett; C. J. Batty; K. Beuchert; P. Birien; P. Blüm; R. Bossingham; K. Braune; J. Brose; D. V. Bugg; M. Burchell; T. Case; A. Cooper; K. M. Crowe; T. Degener; H. P. Dietz; S. von Dombrowski; M. Doser; W. Dünnweber; D. Engelhardt; M. Englert; M. A. Faessler; C. Felix; G. Folger; R. Hackmann; R. P. Haddock; F. H. Heinsius; N. P. Hessey; P. Hidas; P. Illinger; D. Jamnik; Z. Jávorfi; H. Kalinowsky; B. Kämmle; T. Kiel; J. Kisiel; E. Klempt; M. Kobel; H. Koch; C. Kolo; K. Königsmann; M. Kunze; R. Landua; J. Lüdemann; H. Matthäy; M. Merkel; J. P. Merlo; C. A. Meyer; L. Montanet; A. Noble; F. Ould-Saada; K. Peters; C. N. Pinder; G. Pinter; S. Ravndal; J. Salk; A. H. Sanjari; E. Schäfer; B. Schmid; P. Schmidt; S. Spanier; C. Straßburger; U. Strohbusch; M. Suffert; D. Urner; C. Völcker; F. Walter; D. Walther; U. Wiedner; N. Winter; J. Zoll; B. Zou; C. Zupancic

1994-01-01

69

Phenomena of Time Resonances Explosions for the Compound-Clot Decays in High-Energy Nuclear Reactions  

E-print Network

The phenomenon of time resonances (or explosions) can explain the exponential reduction of the energy, which is accompanied for the certain degree by slight fluctuations under some conditions in the range of the energy strongly overlapped compound-resonances. These resonant explosions correspond to formation of several highly-exited non-exponentially decaying nuclear clots (partial compound nuclei consisting of several small groups of projectile nucleons and targets). This paper is a continuation and expansion of theoretical authors' work, which is a more general self-consistent version of the time-evolution approach in comparison with the traditional Izumo-Araseki time compound-nucleus model.

V. S. Olkhovsky; M. E. Dolinska; S. A. Omelchenko

2009-02-16

70

A dedicated decay-spectroscopy station for the collinear resonance ionization experiment at ISOLDE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new decay-spectroscopy station (DSS) has been developed to be coupled to the collinear resonance ionization spectroscopy (CRIS) beam line at CERN-ISOLDE. The system uses a rotatable wheel with ten 20 ?g/cm2 carbon foils as beam implantation sites for the efficient measurement of charged decay products. Silicon detectors are placed on either side of the carbon foil in an optimal geometry to cover a large solid angle for detecting these charged particles. In addition to the silicon detectors at the on-beam axis position, a second pair of off-beam axis detectors are placed at the wheel position 108° away, allowing longer-lived species to be studied. Up to three high purity germanium detectors can be placed around the chamber for particle-gamma correlated measurement. The radioactive beam is transported through the CRIS beam line before implantation into a carbon foil at the DSS. All materials used in the DSS are UHV-compatible to maintain high vacuum conditions required by the CRIS beam line. This paper describes the DSS and presents the first data collected at the setup during the commissioning run with 221Fr.

Rajabali, M. M.; Lynch, K. M.; Cocolios, T. E.; Billowes, J.; Bissell, M. L.; De Schepper, S.; Dewolf, K.; Flanagan, K. T.; Le Blanc, F.; Marsh, B. A.; Mason, P. J. R.; Matea, I.; Neyens, G.; Papuga, J.; Procter, T. J.; Rothe, S.; Simpson, G. S.; Smith, A. J.; Stroke, H. H.; Verney, D.; Walker, P. M.; Wendt, K.; Wood, R. T.

2013-04-01

71

Contribution from the Resonance K*(1950) to D0-> bar K0? , bar K0? ' Decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated the effect of the isospin 1/2, JP = 0+ resonant state K0* (1950) on the decays D0-> bar K0? and D0-> bar K0 ? ' as a function of the branching ratio sum r = Br(K0* (1950)-> bar K0 ? ) + Br(K0* (1950)-> bar K0 ? ') and coupling constants g{K_0* bar K0 ? }, g{K_0* bar K0 ? '}. We have used a factorized input for D0-> K0* (1950) weak transition through a ?K loop. We estimated both on- and off-shell contributions from the loop. Our calculation shows that the off-shell effects are significant. For r ? 30% a fit to the decay amplitude A(D0-> bar K0 ? ') was possible, but the amplitude A(D0-> bar K0? ) remained at its factorized value. For small values of r, r ? 18%, we were able to fit A(D0-> bar K0 ? ), and despite the fact that A(D0-> bar K{bar 0} ? ') could be raised by almost 100% over its factorized value, it still falls short of its experimental value. A simultaneous fit to both amplitudes A(D0-> bar K0 ? ') and A(D0-> bar K0 ? ) was not possible.

Hassaan El Aaoud, El; Kamal, A. N.

2001-04-01

72

Effect of the upper-level decay on the resonantly enhanced four-wave mixing in a modified double- ? system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the continuous resonant four-wave mixing in a medium of atoms with a modified double- ? level configuration. Under the far-off-resonance condition for a pair of levels, we reduce the five-level scheme to an effective three-level scheme, with a two-photon coupling between the two lower levels. We derive the exact steady-state solution to the density-matrix equations for the reduced scheme and obtain the wave-mixing equations for the fields in the continuous-wave regime. We show that the upper-level decay may substantially affect the resonantly enhanced wave-mixing process. We demonstrate that this decay shortens the conversion cycle rather than prolongs it.

Kien, Fam Le; Hakuta, K.

2004-04-01

73

Search for resonant production of tt? decaying to jets in pp? collisions at ?{s}=1.96 TeV  

This Letter reports a search for non-standard model topquark resonances, Z', decaying to ttMs; ?W+bW-b? , where both W decay to quarks. We examine the top-antitop quark invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The search uses a data sample of p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of 2.8 fb-1. No evidence for top-antitop quark resonant production is found. We place upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a specific topcolor assisted technicolor model with width of ?Z' = 0.012 MZ'. Within this model, we exclude Z' boson with masses below 805 GeV/c2 at the 95% confidence level.

Aaltonen, T [Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B [Oviedo U.; Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S [INFN, Padua; Amidei, D [Michigan U.; Anastassov, A [Northwestern U.; Annovi, A [Frascati; Antos, J [Comenius U.; Apollinari, G [Fermilab; Appel, J A [Fermilab; Apresyan, A [Purdue U.; Arisawa, T [Waseda U.; Dubna, JINR

2011-10-11

74

Light Higgs channel of the resonant decay of magnon BEC in superfluid $^3$He-B  

E-print Network

Symmetry breaking in 3He-B has many common features with the symmetry breaking in particle physics. There are 18 collective modes of the order parameter in 3He-B, of which 14 are the high-energy amplitude modes - analogs of the heavy Higgs bosons, and 4 are the low-energy Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons (sound wave + 3 spin wave modes). One of the spin wave modes acquires small mass due to a tiny spin-orbit interaction, and becomes equivalent to the light Higgs boson in the composite Higgs scenarios. In applied magnetic field, the other two spin wave modes split into the gapped mode (magnon, or optical magnon) and the gapless NG mode with quadratic dispersion (acoustic magnon). Here we report the experimental observation of resonant parametric decay of a Bose-Einstein condensate of optical magnons into pairs of light Higgs bosons and into pairs of acoustic magnons. In addition we can see a direct transition between optical and acoustic magnons.

V. V. Zavjalov; S. Autti; V. B. Eltsov; P. Heikkinen; G. E. Volovik

2015-01-27

75

Light Higgs channel of the resonant decay of magnon BEC in superfluid $^3$He-B  

E-print Network

Symmetry breaking in 3He-B has many common features with the symmetry breaking in particle physics. There are 18 collective modes of the order parameter in 3He-B, of which 14 are the high-energy amplitude modes - analogs of the heavy Higgs bosons, and 4 are the low-energy Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons (sound wave + 3 spin wave modes). One of the spin wave modes acquires small mass due to a tiny spin-orbit interaction, and becomes equivalent to the light Higgs boson in the composite Higgs scenarios. In applied magnetic field, the other two spin wave modes split into the gapped mode (magnon, or optical magnon) and the gapless NG mode with quadratic dispersion (acoustic magnon). Here we report the experimental observation of resonant parametric decay of a Bose-Einstein condensate of optical magnons into pairs of light Higgs bosons and into pairs of acoustic magnons. In addition we can see a direct transition between optical and acoustic magnons.

V. V. Zavjalov; S. Autti; V. B. Eltsov; P. Heikkinen; G. E. Volovik

2014-11-14

76

Localization of electrons in the sugar\\/phosphate backbone in DNA investigated via resonant Auger decay spectra  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to elucidate the localized nature of electrons in sugar\\/phosphate backbone in DNA molecules, resonant Auger decay spectra excited by soft x-rays around the inner-shell ionization thresholds have been measured for single-strand DNA. The systems investigated are thin films of DNA as well as related phosphorus compounds such as nucleotide (adenosine triphosphate, ATP), sodium phosphate, and indium phosphide. For

Yuji Baba; Tetsuhiro Sekiguchi; Iwao Shimoyama; Norie Hirao; Krishna G. Nath

2006-01-01

77

Search for resonant production of tt? decaying to jets in pp? collisions at ?{s}=1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

This Letter reports a search for non-standard model topquark resonances, Z', decaying to ttMs; ?W+bW-b? , where both W decay to quarks. We examine the top-antitop quark invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The search uses a data sample of p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of 2.8 fb-1. No evidence for top-antitop quark resonant production is found. We place upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a specific topcolor assisted technicolor model with width of ?Z' = 0.012 MZ'. Within this model, we exclude Z' boson with masses below 805 GeV/c2 at the 95% confidence level.

Aaltonen, T [Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B [Oviedo U.; Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S [INFN, Padua; Amidei, D [Michigan U.; Anastassov, A [Northwestern U.; Annovi, A [Frascati; Antos, J [Comenius U.; Apollinari, G [Fermilab; Appel, J A [Fermilab; Apresyan, A [Purdue U.; Arisawa, T [Waseda U.; Dubna, JINR

2011-10-11

78

Extracting partial decay rates of helium from complex rotation: autoionizing resonances of the one-dimensional configurations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Partial autoionization rates of doubly excited one-dimensional helium in the collinear Zee and eZe configuration are obtained by means of the complex rotation method. The approach presented here relies on a projection of back-rotated resonance wave functions onto singly ionized H{{e}+} channel wave functions and the computation of the corresponding particle fluxes. In spite of the long-range nature of the Coulomb potential between the electrons and the nucleus, an asymptotic region where the fluxes are stationary is clearly observed. Low-lying doubly excited states are found to decay predomintantly into the nearest single-ionization continuum. This approach paves the way for a systematic analysis of the decay rates observed in higher-dimensional models, and of the role of electronic correlations and atomic structure in recent photoionization experiments.

Zimmermann, Klaus; Lugan, Pierre; Jörder, Felix; Heitz, Nicolai; Schmidt, Maximilian; Bouri, Celsus; Rodriguez, Alberto; Buchleitner, Andreas

2015-01-01

79

Extracting partial decay rates of helium from complex rotation: autoionizing resonances of the one-dimensional configurations  

E-print Network

Partial autoionization rates of doubly excited one-dimensional helium in the collinear Zee and eZe configuration are obtained by means of the complex rotation method. The approach presented here relies on a projection of back-rotated resonance wave functions onto singly ionized $\\textrm{He}^{+}$ channel wave functions and the computation of the corresponding particle fluxes. In spite of the long-range nature of the Coulomb potential between the electrons and the nucleus, an asymptotic region where the fluxes are stationary is clearly observed. Low-lying doubly excited states are found to decay predomintantly into the nearest single-ionization continuum. This approach paves the way for a systematic analysis of the decay rates observed in higher-dimensional models, and of the role of electronic correlations and atomic structure in recent photoionization experiments.

Zimmermann, Klaus; Jörder, Felix; Heitz, Nicolai; Schmidt, Maximilian; Bouri, Celsus; Rodriguez, Alberto; Buchleitner, Andreas

2014-01-01

80

Charge transfer between the Au(111) surface and adsorbed C(60): Resonant photoemission and new core-hole decay channels.  

PubMed

The interaction of C(60) with the Au(111) surface has been investigated using synchrotron radiation-based electron spectroscopy. Resonant photoelectron spectroscopy and autoionization spectroscopy have been used to probe the coupling between the molecule and the substrate. Three distinct high energy spectator Auger features were observed that are only evident for a monolayer of C(60) chemisorbed to the Au(111) surface and not a multilayer or the clean surface itself. Combined with C 1s x-ray absorption and valence band spectra, the data suggest a decay process not previously reported for this system. This is a spectator decay channel involving electrons transferred from the gold substrate to the adsorbed molecule, either in the ground state or during the timescale of the core-hole lifetime. Both possibilities are considered in the interpretation of the results, which support, on balance, a ground state charge transfer. PMID:20831331

Britton, Andrew J; Rienzo, Anna; O'Shea, James N; Schulte, Karina

2010-09-01

81

High mass star formation in the galaxy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Galactic distributions of HI, H2, and HII regions are reviewed in order to elucidate the high mass star formation occurring in galactic spiral arms and in active galactic nuclei. Comparison of the large scale distributions of H2 gas and radio HII regions reveals that the rate of formation of OB stars depends on (n sub H2) sup 1.9 where (n sub H2) is the local mean density of H2 averaged over 300 pc scale lengths. In addition the efficiency of high mass star formation is a decreasing function of cloud mass in the range 200,000 to 3,000,000 solar mass. These results suggest that high mass star formation in the galactic disk is initiated by cloud-cloud collisions which are more frequent in the spiral arms due to orbit crowding. Cloud-cloud collisions may also be responsible for high rates of OB star formation in interacting galaxies and galactic nuclei. Based on analysis of the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) and CO data for selected GMCs in the Galaxy, the ratio L sub IR/M sub H2 can be as high as 30 solar luminosity/solar mass for GMCs associated with HII regions. The L sub IR/M sub H2 ratios and dust temperature obtained in many of the high luminosity IRAS galaxies are similar to those encountered in galactic GMCs with OB star formation. High mass star formation is therefore a viable explanation for the high infrared luminosity of these galaxies.

Scoville, N. Z.; Good, J. C.

1987-01-01

82

Disentangling the Spin-Parity of a Resonance via the Gold-Plated Decay Mode  

E-print Network

Searching for new resonances and finding out their properties is an essential part of any existing or future particle physics experiment. The nature of a new resonance is characterized by its spin, charge conjugation, parity, and its couplings with the existing particles of the Standard Model. If a new resonance is found in the four lepton final state produced via two intermediate $Z$ bosons, the resonance could be a new heavy scalar or a $Z'$ boson or even a higher spin particle. In such cases the step by step methodology as enunciated in this paper can be followed to determine the spin, parity and the coupling to two $Z$ bosons of the parent particles, in a fully model-independent way. In our approach we show how three uni-angular distributions and few experimentally measurable observables can conclusively tell us about the spin, parity as well as the couplings of the new resonance to two $Z$ bosons.

Tanmoy Modak; Dibyakrupa Sahoo; Rahul Sinha; Hai-Yang Cheng; Tzu-Chiang Yuan

2014-08-25

83

Search for W' boson resonances decaying to a top quark and a bottom quark.  

PubMed

We search for the production of a heavy W' gauge boson that decays to third generation quarks in 0.9 fb-1 of pp collisions at square root(s)=1.96 TeV, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find no significant excess in the final-state invariant mass distribution and set upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction. For a left-handed W' boson with SM couplings, we set a lower mass limit of 731 GeV. For right-handed W' bosons, we set lower mass limits of 739 GeV if the W' boson decays to both leptons and quarks and 768 GeV if the W' boson decays only to quarks. We also set limits on the coupling of the W' boson to fermions as a function of its mass. PMID:18518600

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Jesus, A C S Assis; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Ay, C; Badaud, F; Baden, A; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Biscarat, C; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Coadou, Y; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; da Motta, H; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Garcia, C; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Gelé, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harrington, R; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinmiller, J M; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Kalinin, A M; Kalk, J M; Kappler, S; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y M; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Korablev, V M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Krop, D; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Leveque, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Molina, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulders, M; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Y Garzón, G J Otero; Owen, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Petteni, M; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Pope, B G; Popov, A V; Potter, C; da Silva, W L Prado; Prosper, H B; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Reucroft, S; Rich, P; Rieger, J; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S

2008-05-30

84

Quasistationary resonances induced by intense infrared fields in HD{sup +} and their decay  

SciTech Connect

The nature of a few low-lying laser-induced resonances of HD{sup +} along with their linewidths due to dissociation, has been investigated in the intensity range of (1-6) x10{sup 13}W/cm{sup 2} for three different laser frequencies. In the length gauge representation of the interaction Hamiltonian used by us, these resonances for the lower intensities are basically the vibrational states of the unperturbed molecule, shifted and broadened by radiative interactions. At higher intensities the resonances are obtained as quasistationary states on different adiabatic potentials. They are formed by the mixing of various unperturbed vibrational states by multiphoton interactions. In this mixing, the proportion of vibrational states further away from the resonance energy increases with the increase in intensity. At high enough intensities, signature of dissociation through a nonresonant intermediate vibrational transition to the v=6 and v=7 state is observed for a laser frequency of 12 500 cm{sup -1}. The width of the lowest resonance increases sharply with intensity, while its shift from the v=0 state increases only linearly with intensity. The branching ratios to different photon absorption channels change with intensity and they can be interpreted using the adiabatic potential curves. For a frequency of 2000 cm{sup -1}, which is close to the frequency of v=0 to v=1 transition, the resonances arise from the mixing of various vibrational levels through stepwise transitions, resulting in a dissociation linewidth larger compared to that obtained for higher frequencies.

Dutta, Bibhas [Sambhunath College, Labpur, Birbhum, West Bengal 731303 (India); Bhattacharyya, S. S. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Section, Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032 (India)

2010-12-15

85

Dark photons and resonant monophoton signatures in Higgs boson decays at the LHC  

E-print Network

Motivated by dark-photon $\\bar{\\gamma}$ scenarios extensively considered in the literature, we explore experimentally allowed models where the Higgs boson coupling to photon and dark photon $H\\gamma\\bar{\\gamma}$ can be enhanced. Correspondingly, large rates for the $H\\to \\gamma\\bar \\gamma$ decay become plausible, giving rise to one monochromatic photon with $E^{\\gamma}\\simeq m_H/2$ (i.e., more than twice the photon energy in the rare standard-model decay $H\\to \\gamma Z\\to\\gamma\\bar\

Emidio Gabrielli; Matti Heikinheimo; Barbara Mele; Martti Raidal

2014-05-20

86

Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For advanced undergraduate students: Observe resonance in a collection of driven, damped harmonic oscillators. Vary the driving frequency and amplitude, the damping constant, and the mass and spring constant of each resonator. Notice the long-lived transients when damping is small, and observe the phase change for resonators above and below resonance.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Loeblein, Patricia; Olson, Jonathan; Perkins, Kathy; Gratny, Mindy

2011-07-20

87

Search for color-suppressed B hadronic decay processes at the ?(4S) resonance  

E-print Network

Using 3.1fb(-1) of data accumulated at the ?(4S) by the CLEO-II detector, corresponding to 3.3×10(6) BB¯ pairs, we have searched for the color-suppressed B hadronic decay processes B(0)?D(0)(D*(0))X(0), where X(0) is a ...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1998-05-01

88

Ultra High Mass Range Mass Spectrometer System  

DOEpatents

Applicant's present invention comprises mass spectrometer systems that operate in a mass range from 1 to 10.sup.16 DA. The mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system comprising an aerodynamic lens system, a reverse jet being a gas flux generated in an annulus moving in a reverse direction and a multipole ion guide; a digital ion trap; and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises a quadrupole mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system having a quadrupole mass filter and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises an inlet system for use with a mass spectrometer system, a method for slowing energetic particles using an inlet system. Applicant's present invention also comprises a detector device and a method for detecting high mass charged particles.

Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

2005-12-06

89

Measurement of the resonant and CP components in B¯[superscript 0]-->J/??+?? decays  

E-print Network

The resonant structure of the reaction B¯0?J/??+?? is studied using data from 3??fb?1 of integrated luminosity collected by the LHCb experiment, one third at 7 TeV center-of-mass energy and the remainder at 8 TeV. The ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

90

Study of Branching Ratio And Polarization Fraction in Neutral B Meson Decays to Negative Rho Meson Positive Kaon Resonance  

SciTech Connect

We present the preliminary results on the search for B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup -}K*{sup +}. The data sample comprises 122.7 million B{bar B} pairs in the e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation through the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance collected during 1999-2003 with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy collider at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). We obtain an upper limit of the branching ratio at 90% confidence level as {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup -}K*{sup +}) < 17.2 x 10{sup -6}. The fitted result on the polarization fraction shows no evidence that the decay is longitudinally dominated as predicted by various theoretical models.

Cheng, Baosen; /Wisconsin U., Madison

2006-03-07

91

Decays of tetraquark resonances in a two-variable approximation to the triple flip-flop potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a unitarized formalism to study tetraquarks using the triple flip-flop potential, which includes two meson-meson potentials and the tetraquark four-body potential. This can be related to the Jaffe-Wilczek and to the Karliner-Lipkin tetraquark models, where we also consider the possible open channels, since the four quarks and antiquarks may at any time escape to a pair of mesons. Here we study a simplified two-variable toy model and explore the analogy with a cherry in a glass, but a broken one where the cherry may escape from. It is quite interesting to have our system confined or compact in one variable and infinite in the other variable. In this framework we solve the two-variable Schrödinger equation in configuration space. With the finite difference method, we compute the spectrum, we search for localized states and we attempt to compute phase-shifts. We then apply the outgoing spherical wave method to compute in detail the phase-shifts and to determine the decay widths. We explore the model in the equal mass case, and we find narrow resonances. In particular the existence of two commuting angular momenta is responsible for our small decay widths.

Bicudo, P.; Cardoso, M.

2011-05-01

92

Tetraquark resonances with the triple flip-flop potential, decays in the cherry in a broken glass approximation  

E-print Network

We develop a unitarized formalism to study tetraquarks using the triple flip-flop potential, which includes two meson-meson potentials and the tetraquark four-body potential. This can be related to the Jaffe-Wilczek and to the Karliner-Lipkin tetraquark models, where we also consider the possible open channels, since the four quarks and antiquarks may at any time escape to a pair of mesons. Here we study a simplified two-variable toy model and explore the analogy with a cherry in a glass, but a broken one where the cherry may escape from. It is quite interesting to have our system confined or compact in one variable and infinite in the other variable. In this framework we solve the two-variable Schr\\"odinger equation in configuration space. With the finite difference method, we compute the spectrum, we search for localized states and we attempt to compute phase shifts. We then apply the outgoing spherical wave method to compute in detail the phase shifts and and to determine the decay widths. We explore the model in the equal mass case, and we find narrow resonances. In particular the existence of two commuting angular momenta is responsible for our small decay widths.

Pedro Bicudo; Marco Cardoso

2010-10-02

93

Decays of tetraquark resonances in a two-variable approximation to the triple flip-flop potential  

SciTech Connect

We develop a unitarized formalism to study tetraquarks using the triple flip-flop potential, which includes two meson-meson potentials and the tetraquark four-body potential. This can be related to the Jaffe-Wilczek and to the Karliner-Lipkin tetraquark models, where we also consider the possible open channels, since the four quarks and antiquarks may at any time escape to a pair of mesons. Here we study a simplified two-variable toy model and explore the analogy with a cherry in a glass, but a broken one where the cherry may escape from. It is quite interesting to have our system confined or compact in one variable and infinite in the other variable. In this framework we solve the two-variable Schroedinger equation in configuration space. With the finite difference method, we compute the spectrum, we search for localized states and we attempt to compute phase-shifts. We then apply the outgoing spherical wave method to compute in detail the phase-shifts and to determine the decay widths. We explore the model in the equal mass case, and we find narrow resonances. In particular the existence of two commuting angular momenta is responsible for our small decay widths.

Bicudo, P.; Cardoso, M. [Dep. Fisica and CFTP, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-05-01

94

Search for Z[superscript ?] resonances decaying to tt? in dilepton+jets final states in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV  

E-print Network

A search for resonances decaying to top quark-antiquark pairs is performed using a dilepton+jets data sample recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity ...

Apyan, Aram

95

Improved L-C resonant decay technique for Q measurement of quasilinear power inductors: New results for MPP and ferrite powdered cores  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The L-C resonant decay technique for measuring circuit Q or losses is improved by eliminating the switch from the inductor-capacitor loop. A MOSFET switch is used instead to momentarily connect the resonant circuit to an existing voltage source, which itself is gated off during the decay transient. Very reproducible, low duty cycle data could be taken this way over a dynamic voltage range of at least 10:1. Circuit Q is computed from a polynomial fit to the sequence of the decaying voltage maxima. This method was applied to measure the losses at 60 kHz in inductors having loose powder cores of moly permalloy and an Mn-Zn power ferrite. After the copper and capacitor losses are separated out, the resulting specific core loss is shown to be roughly as expected for the MPP powder, but anomalously high for the ferrite powder. Possible causes are mentioned.

Niedra, Janis M.; Gerber, Scott S.

1995-01-01

96

On the Partial-Wave Analysis of Mesonic Resonances Decaying to Multiparticle Final States Produced by Polarized Photons  

SciTech Connect

Meson spectroscopy is going through a revival with the advent of high statistics experiments and new advances in the theoretical predictions. The Constituent Quark Model (CQM) is finally being expanded considering more basic principles of field theory and using discrete calculations of Quantum Chromodynamics (lattice QCD). These new calculations are approaching predictive power for the spectrum of hadronic resonances and decay modes. It will be the task of the new experiments to extract the meson spectrum from the data and compare with those predictions. The goal of this report is to describe one particular technique for extracting resonance information from multiparticle final states. The technique described here, partial wave analysis based on the helicity formalism, has been used at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) using pion beams, and Jefferson Laboratory (Jlab) using photon beams. In particular this report broaden this technique to include production experiments using linearly polarized real photons or quasi-real photons. This article is of a didactical nature. We describe the process of analysis, detailing assumptions and formalisms, and is directed towards people interested in starting partial wave analysis.

Salgado, Carlos W. [Norfolk State University, Norfolk, VA (United States) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Weygand, Dennis P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-04-01

97

Search for massive resonances in dijet systems containing jets tagged as W or Z boson decays in pp collisions at = 8 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search is reported for massive resonances decaying into a quark and a vector boson (W or Z), or two vector bosons (WW, WZ, or ZZ). The analysis is performed on an inclusive sample of multijet events corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb-1, collected in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The search uses novel jet-substructure identification techniques that provide sensitivity to the presence of highly boosted vector bosons decaying into a pair of quarks. Exclusion limits are set at a confidence level of 95% on the production of: (i) excited quark resonances q*decaying to qW and qZ for masses less than 3.2 TeV and 2.9 TeV, respectively, (ii) a Randall-Sundrum graviton GRS decaying into WW for masses below 1.2 TeV, and (iii) a heavy partner of the W boson W' decaying into WZ for masses less than 1.7 TeV. For the first time mass limits are set on W' ? WZ and GRS ? WW in the all-jets final state. The mass limits on q* ? qW, q* ? qZ, W' ? WZ, GRS ? WW are the most stringent to date. A model with a "bulk" graviton Gbulk that decays into WW or ZZ bosons is also studied. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Gonzalez, J. Suarez; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; Heracleous, N.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Keaveney, J.; Kim, T. J.; Lowette, S.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dobur, D.; Favart, L.; Gay, A. P. R.; Grebenyuk, A.; Léonard, A.; Mohammadi, A.; Perniè, L.; Reis, T.; Seva, T.; Thomas, L.; Velde, C. Vander; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Crucy, S.; Dildick, S.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Klein, B.; Mccartin, J.; Rios, A. A. Ocampo; Ryckbosch, D.; Diblen, S. Salva; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Marono, M. Vidal; Garcia, J. M. Vizan; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Martins, M. Correa; Martins, T. Dos Reis; Pol, M. E.; Aldá, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; De Souza, S. Fonseca; Malbouisson, H.; Malek, M.; Figueiredo, D. Matos; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Da Silva, W. L. Prado; Santaolalla, J.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Manganote, E. J. Tonelli; Pereira, A. Vilela; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Tomei, T. R. Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Aleksandrov, A.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Marinov, A.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Plestina, R.; Tao, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, Y.; Li, Q.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Zhang, L.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Sierra, L. F. Chaparro; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Moreno, B. Gomez; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; de Monchenault, G. Hamel; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Filipovic, N.; Florent, A.; de Cassagnac, R. Granier; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Boudoul, G.; Brochet, S.; Montoya, C. A. Carrillo; De Oliveira, A. Carvalho Antunes; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fan, J.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Alvarez, J. D. Ruiz; Sabes, D.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Donckt, M. Vander; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Xiao, H.

2014-08-01

98

$B^0$ and $B^0_s$ decays into $J/?$ $f_0(980)$ and $J/?$ $f_0(500)$ and the nature of the scalar resonances  

E-print Network

We describe the $B^0$ and $B^0_s$ decays into $J/\\psi$ $f_0(500)$ and $J/\\psi$ $f_0(980)$ by taking into account the dominant process for the weak decay of $B^0$ and $B^0_s$ into $J/\\psi$ and a $q \\bar q$ component. After hadronization of this $q \\bar q$ component into pairs of pseudoscalar mesons we obtain certain weights for the meson-meson components and allow them to interact among themselves. The final state interaction of the meson-meson components, described in terms of chiral unitary theory, gives rise to the $f_0(980)$ and $f_0(500)$ resonances and we can obtain the $\\pi^+ \\pi^- $ invariant mass distributions after the decay of the resonances, which allows us to compare directly to the experiments. We obtain ratios of $J/\\psi$ $f_0(980)$ and $J/\\psi$ $f_0(500)$ for each of the $B$ decays in quantitative agreement with experiment, with the $f_0(980)$ clearly dominant in the $B^0_s$ decay and the $f_0(500)$ in the $B^0$ decay.

W. H. Liang; E. Oset

2014-06-27

99

Search for resonant production of $t\\bar{t}$ decaying to jets in $p\\bar p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV  

E-print Network

This Letter reports a search for non standard model topquark resonances, $Z'$, decaying to $t\\bar{t} \\rightarrow W^+b W^-\\bar{b}$ %\\rightarrow qq'b qq' \\bar{b}$, where both $W$ decay to quarks. We examine the top-antitop quark invariant mass spectrum for the presence of narrow resonant states. The search uses a data sample of $\\ppb$ collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of 2.8 fb$^{-1}$. No evidence for top-antitop quark resonant production is found. We place upper limits on the production cross section times branching ratio for a specific topcolor assisted technicolor model with width of $\\Gamma_{Z'} = 0.012 M_{Z'}$. Within this model, we exclude $Z'$ boson with masses below 805 GeV$/c^2$ at the 95% confidence level.

CDF Collaboration

2011-08-24

100

Charged-Particle Decay from Giant Monopole Resonance in Si-28  

E-print Network

) and 10(c). This is also approximate- X YI '(pb)g (I?~Ilj) (2) ao decay The experimental angular correlations were fitted with a coherent mixture of E2 and EO. %here small asym- metries were present, some E3 admixture was added to the calculation...' 90' ISCI' 27O' PHASE (82 80) (c) I I I I I I I I I I I 90' I80' 270' IOO I I I E2 Q72 'Yo EWSR I J. I I I I I::EO 2.5 L EWSR -- 82-80 98' I I I I I I I::EO'25% EWSR -- E2 0.72 0 EWSR X IP (o) I l.5 I I I 2.0 25 5.0 EO (0 EWSR) (e) I...

Toba, Y.; Lui, YW; Youngblood, David H.; Garg, U.; Grabmayr, P.; Knopfle, K. T.; Riedesel, H.; Wagner, G. J.

1990-01-01

101

Search for massive resonances decaying into pairs of boosted bosons in semi-leptonic final states at = 8 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for new resonances decaying to WW, ZZ, or WZ is presented. Final states are considered in which one of the vector bosons decays leptonically and the other hadronically. Results are based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb-1 recorded in proton-proton collisions at = 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Techniques aiming at identifying jet substructures are used to analyze signal events in which the hadronization products from the decay of highly boosted W or Z bosons are contained within a single reconstructed jet. Upper limits on the production of generic WW, ZZ, or WZ resonances are set as a function of the resonance mass and width. We increase the sensitivity of the analysis by statistically combining the results of this search with a complementary study of the all-hadronic final state. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the bulk graviton production cross section in the range from 700 to 10 fb for resonance masses between 600 and 2500 GeV, respectively. These limits on the bulk graviton model are the most stringent to date in the diboson final state. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Gonzalez, J. Suarez; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; Heracleous, N.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Keaveney, J.; Kim, T. J.; Lowette, S.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dobur, D.; Favart, L.; Gay, A. P. R.; Grebenyuk, A.; Léonard, A.; Mohammadi, A.; Perniè, L.; Reis, T.; Seva, T.; Thomas, L.; Velde, C. Vander; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Crucy, S.; Dildick, S.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Klein, B.; Mccartin, J.; Rios, A. A. Ocampo; Ryckbosch, D.; Diblen, S. Salva; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Marono, M. Vidal; Garcia, J. M. Vizan; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Martins, M. Correa; Martins, T. Dos Reis; Pol, M. E.; Aldá, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; De Souza, S. Fonseca; Malbouisson, H.; Malek, M.; Figueiredo, D. Matos; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Da Silva, W. L. Prado; Santaolalla, J.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Manganote, E. J. Tonelli; Pereira, A. Vilela; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Tomei, T. R. Fernandez Perez; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Aleksandrov, A.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Marinov, A.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Plestina, R.; Tao, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, Y.; Li, Q.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Zhang, L.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Sierra, L. F. Chaparro; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Moreno, B. Gomez; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; de Monchenault, G. Hamel; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Filipovic, N.; Florent, A.; de Cassagnac, R. Granier; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Boudoul, G.; Brochet, S.; Montoya, C. A. Carrillo; De Oliveira, A. Carvalho Antunes; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fan, J.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Alvarez, J. D. Ruiz; Sabes, D.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Donckt, M. Vander; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Xiao, H.

2014-08-01

102

Decay of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy isomers under conditions of a resonance environment (Moessbauer Screen)  

SciTech Connect

The half-lives of the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy (E = 25.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 30 ns for the former and E = 74.6 keV and T{sub 1/2} {approx} 3 ns for the latter) placed in a {sup 160}Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal lattice at T = 300 K and surrounded by stable {sup 161}Dy nuclei in the composition of {sup 161}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} were measured by the method of ({beta}-{gamma}) coincidences in the beta-decay process {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy. Nuclei of {sup 161m1,m2}Dy were obtained according to the chain {sup 160}Gd(n, {gamma}){sup 161}Gd {yields} {sup 161}Tb {yields} {sup 161}Dy from {sup 160}Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} weighted portions irradiated at the PWR-M reactor of the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI, Gatchina, Russia). The T{sub 1/2} value observed for the isomer {sup 161m1}Dy was found to be correlated with the number of surrounding {sup 161}Dy nuclei. The presence of this correlation in {sup 161m1}Dy can be explained by the multiple resonance scattering of photons from isomer decay within the sample used. No such correlation was observed for {sup 161m2}Dy. The half-lives measured for the isomers {sup 161m1}Dy and {sup 161m2}Dy in the absence of the above environment are 29.2(1) and 3.50(1) ns, respectively.

Loginov, Yu. E., E-mail: yurlo@pnpi.spb.ru; Zinoviev, V. G.; Kabina, L. P.; Lisin, S. S.; Maljutenkov, Ed. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15

103

Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All About Circuits is a website that â??provides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â? Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Resonance, is the sixth chapter in the Volume II textbook. Topics covered in this chapter include: electric pendulum, simple parallel resonance, simple series resonance, resonance in series-parallel circuits, and Q and bandwidth of a resonant circuit. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

104

The effect of the partner atom on the spectra of interatomic Coulombic decay triggered by resonant Auger processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The resonant-Auger - interatomic Coulombic decay (ICD) cascade was recently suggested as an efficient means of controlling the course of the ICD process. Recent theoretical and experimental works show that control over the energies of the emitted ICD electrons can be achieved either by varying the photon energy to produce different initial core excitations or by changing the neighboring species. This work presents a theoretical investigation on the role of the rare-gas neighbor and clarifies how the latter influences the ICD process. For this purpose, we compare fully ab initio computed ICD-electron and kinetic energy release spectra following the 2p3/2 ? 4s, 2p1/2 ? 4s and 2p3/2 ? 3d of Ar in ArKr and Ar2. We demonstrate that the presence of the chemically "softer" partner atom results in an increase in the energies of the emitted ICD electrons, and also in the appearance of additional ICD-active states. The latter leads to a threefold increase in the ICD yield for the case of the 2p3/2, 1/2 ? 4s parent core excitations.

Miteva, T.; Chiang, Y.-C.; Koloren?, P.; Kuleff, A. I.; Cederbaum, L. S.; Gokhberg, K.

2014-10-01

105

Phase-space densities and effects of resonance decays in a hydrodynamic approach to heavy ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

A method allowing analysis of the overpopulation of phase space in heavy ion collisions in a model-independent way is proposed within the hydrodynamic approach. It makes it possible to extract a chemical potential of thermal pions at freeze-out, irrespective of the form of freeze-out (isothermal) hypersurface in Minkowski space and transverse flows on it. The contributions of resonance (with masses up to 2 GeV) decays to spectra, interferometry volumes, and phase-space densities are calculated and discussed in detail. The estimates of average phase-space densities and chemical potentials of thermal pions are obtained for SPS and RHIC energies. They demonstrate that multibosonic phenomena at those energies might be considered as a correction factor rather than as a significant physical effect. The analysis of the evolution of the pion average phase-space density in chemically frozen hadron systems shows that it is almost constant or slightly increases with time while the particle density and phase-space density at each space point decreases rapidly during the system's expansion. We found that, unlike the particle density, the average phase-space density has no direct link to the freeze-out criterion and final thermodynamic parameters, being connected rather to the initial phase-space density of hadronic matter formed in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions.

Akkelin, S.V.; Sinyukov, Yu.M. [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev 03143, Metrologichna 14b (Ukraine)

2004-12-01

106

Search for resonances decaying to etac pi pi- in two-photon interactions  

SciTech Connect

We report a study of the process {gamma}{gamma} {yields} X {yields} {eta}{sub c}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, where X stands for one of the resonances {chi}{sub c2}(1P), {eta}{sub c}(2S), X(3872), X(3915), or {chi}{sub c2}(2P). The analysis is performed with a data sample of 473.9 fb{sup -1} collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider. We do not observe a significant signal for any channel, and calculate 90% confidence-level upper limits on the products of branching fractions and two-photon widths {Lambda}{sub X{yields}{gamma}{gamma}} {Beta}(X {yields} {eta}{sub c}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}): 15.7 eV for {chi}{sub c2}(1P), 133 eV for {eta}{sub c}(2S), 11.1 eV for X(3872) (assuming it to be a spin-2 state), 16 eV for X(3915) (assuming it to be a spin-2 state), and 19 eV for {chi}{sub c2}(2P). We also report upper limits on the ratios of branching fractions {Beta}({eta}{sub c}(2S) {yields} {eta}{sub c}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})/{Beta}({eta}{sub c}(2S) {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) < 10.0 and {Beta}({chi}{sub c2}(1P) {yields} {eta}{sub c}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})/{Beta}({chi}{sub c2}(1P) {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) < 32.9 at the 90% confidence level.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; So, R.Y.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-06-18

107

Resonances formed by pbar-p and decaying into pizero-pizero-eta for masses 1960 to 2410 MeV  

E-print Network

Data on pbar-b annihilation in flight into pizero-pizero-eta are presented for nine beam momenta 600 to 1940 MeV/c. The strongest four intermediate states are found to be f_2(1270)-eta, a_2(1320)-pi, sigma-eta and a_0(980)-pi. Partial wave analysis is performed mainly to look for resonances formed by pbar-p and decaying into pizero-pizero-eta through these intermediate states. There is evidence for the following s-channel I = 0 resonances : two 4^{++} resonances with mass and width (M,Gamma) at (2044, 208) MeV and (2320+-30, 220+-30) MeV; three 2^{++} resonances at (2020+-50, 200+-70) MeV, (2240+-40, 170+-50) MeV and (2370+-50, 320+-50) MeV; two 3^{++} resonances at (2000+-40, 250+-40) MeV and (2280+-30, 210+-30) MeV; a 1^{++} resonance at (2340+-40, 340+-40) MeV; and two 2^{-+} resonances at (2040+-40, 190+-40) MeV and (2300+-40, 270+-40) MeV.

A. V. Anisovich; C. A. Baker; C. J. Batty; D. V. Bugg; C. Hodd; J. Kisiel; V. A. Nikonov; A. V. Sarantsev; V. V. Sarantsev; I. Scott; B. S. Zou

2011-09-09

108

Search for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in pp-bar collisions at s?=1.96??TeV using the D0 detector  

E-print Network

We have searched for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in pp-bar collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96??TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider using the D0 detector. No indication for such a resonance was found in a data...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Gardner, J.; Hensel, Carsten; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace

2006-07-17

109

Search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles decaying to bb in pp collisions at square root(S)=1.96 TeV.  

PubMed

We report on a first search for resonant pair production of neutral long-lived particles (NLLP) which each decay to a bb pair, using 3.6 fb(-1) of data recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We search for pairs of displaced vertices in the tracking detector at radii in the range 1.6-20 cm from the beam axis. No significant excess is observed above background, and upper limits are set on the production rate in a hidden-valley benchmark model for a range of Higgs boson masses and NLLP masses and lifetimes. PMID:19792632

Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; Backusmayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; Devaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Escalier, M; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mitrevski, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero Y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; da Silva, W L Prado; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Siccardi, V; Simak, V

2009-08-14

110

The recent BES results on R value and high mass charmonia states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a data sample with a total integrated luminosity of 9998.3 nb -1 collected at center of mass energies of 2.6, 3.07 and 3.65 GeV with BESII, cross section for ee annihilation into hadronic final states ( R values) are measured with statistical errors smaller than 1% and systematic errors about 3.5%. The R values measured at center-of-mass energies between 3.7 and 5.0 GeV are fitted to determine the resonance parameters (mass, total width, electron width) of the high mass charmonia states, ?(3770), ?(4040), ?(4160) and ?(4415).

Wang, P.; BES Collaboration

2008-09-01

111

An instrument for fast acquisition of fluorescence decay curves at picosecond resolution designed for ``double kinetics'' experiments: Application to fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer study of protein folding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information obtained by studying fluorescence decay of labeled biopolymers is a major resource for understanding the dynamics of their conformations and interactions. The lifetime of the excited states of probes attached to macromolecules is in the nanosecond time regime, and hence, a series of snapshot decay curves of such probes might - in principle - yield details of fast changes of ensembles of labeled molecules down to sub-microsecond time resolution. Hence, a major current challenge is the development of instruments for the low noise detection of fluorescence decay curves within the shortest possible time intervals. Here, we report the development of an instrument, picosecond double kinetics apparatus, that enables recording of multiple fluorescence decay curves with picosecond excitation pulses over wide spectral range during microsecond data collection for each curve. The design is based on recording and averaging multiphoton pulses of fluorescence decay using a fast 13 GHz oscilloscope during microsecond time intervals at selected time points over the course of a chemical reaction or conformational transition. We tested this instrument in a double kinetics experiment using reference probes (N-acetyl-tryptophanamide). Very low stochastic noise level was attained, and reliable multi-parameter analysis such as derivation of distance distributions from time resolved FRET (fluorescence resonance excitation energy transfer) measurements was achieved. The advantage of the pulse recording and averaging approach used here relative to double kinetics methods based on the established time correlated single photon counting method, is that in the pulse recording approach, averaging of substantially fewer kinetic experiments is sufficient for obtaining the data. This results in a major reduction in the consumption of labeled samples, which in many cases, enables the performance of important experiments that were not previously feasible.

Ishay, Eldad Ben; Hazan, Gershon; Rahamim, Gil; Amir, Dan; Haas, Elisha

2012-08-01

112

Measurement of Resonant and CP Components in [bar over B][0 over s] ? J/??[superscript +]?[superscript ?] Decays  

E-print Network

Structure of the decay [bar over B][0 over s] ? J/??[superscript +]?[superscript ?] is studied using data corresponding to 3?fb[superscript ?1] of integrated luminosity from pp collisions produced by the LHC and collected ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

113

Search for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV using the D0 detector  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for a heavy resonance decaying into a Z+jet final state in p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider using the D0 detector. No indication for such a resonance was found in a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 370 pb{sup -1}. We set upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for heavy resonance production at the 95% C.L. as a function of the resonance mass and width. The limits are interpreted within the framework of a specific model of excited quark production.

Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de

2006-06-01

114

Testing macroscopic realism through high-mass interferometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define a quantum witness for high-mass matter-wave interferometers that allows us to test fundamental assumptions of macroscopic realism. We propose an experimental realization using absorptive laser gratings and show that such systems can strongly violate a macrorealistic quantum-witness equality. The measurement of the witness can therefore provide clear evidence of physics beyond macrorealism for macromolecules and nanoparticles.

Emary, Clive; Cotter, J. P.; Arndt, Markus

2014-10-01

115

Measurement of the D_s Decay Constant f_Ds and Observation of New Charm Resonances Decaying to D^(*)\\pi  

SciTech Connect

The absolute branching fractions for the decays D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}} ({ell} = e, {mu}, or {tau}) are measured using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 521 fb{sup -1} collected at center of mass energies near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEPII e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at SLAC. The number of D{sub s}{sup -} mesons is determined by reconstructing the recoiling system DKX{gamma} in events of the type e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} DKXD*{sub s}{sup -}, where D*{sub s}{sup -} {yields} D{sub s}{sup -} {gamma} and X represents additional pions from fragmentation. The D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup -}{nu}{sub {ell}} events are detected by full or partial reconstruction of the recoiling system DKX{gamma}{ell}. The following results are obtained: {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}{nu}) = (6.02 {+-} 0.38 {+-} 0.34) x 10{sup -3}, {Beta}(D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {tau}{sup -}{nu}) = (5.00 {+-} 0.35 {+-} 0.49) x 10{sup -2}, and B(D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{nu}) < 2.8 x 10{sup -4} at 90% C.L., where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The branching fraction measurements are combined to determine the D{sub s}{sup -} decay constant f{sub D{sub s}} = (258.6 {+-} 6.4 {+-} 7.5) MeV. In addition, a study has been performed of the D{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, D{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}, and D*{sup +}{pi}{sup -} systems in inclusive e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} c{bar c} interactions in a search for excited D meson states. The dataset used consists of {approx}454 fb{sup -1}. The mass spectra for these systems show, for the first time, candidates for the radial excitations of the D{sup 0}, D*{sup 0}, and D*{sup +}, as well as the L = 2 excited states of the D{sup 0} and D{sup +}, where L is the orbital angular momentum of the quarks. Finally, a prototype of a next generation Detector of Internally Reflected Cherenkov radiation (Focusing DIRC) has been tested using a 10 GeV electron beam at SLAC. The Focusing DIRC is based on the DIRC which was used in the BABAR detector, but has new pixel photon detectors which improve the resolution on the single photon time of propagation by about an order of magnitude allowing, for the first time, to correct the chromatic smearing in the Cherenkov angle. The Focusing DIRC may be used in a future Super-B factory.

Benitez, Jose

2012-03-15

116

Magnetic Fields in High-mass Infrared Dark Clouds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-mass stars are cosmic engines known to dominate the energetics in the Milky Way and other galaxies. However, their formation is still not well understood. Massive, cold, dense clouds, often appearing as infrared dark clouds (IRDCs), are the nurseries of massive stars. No measurements of magnetic fields in IRDCs in a state prior to the onset of high-mass star formation (HMSF) have previously been available, and prevailing HMSF theories do not consider strong magnetic fields. Here, we report observations of magnetic fields in two of the most massive IRDCs in the Milky Way. We show that IRDCs G11.11-0.12 and G0.253+0.016 are strongly magnetized and that the strong magnetic field is as important as turbulence and gravity for HMSF. The main dense filament in G11.11-0.12 is perpendicular to the magnetic field, while the lower density filament merging onto the main filament is parallel to the magnetic field. The implied magnetic field is strong enough to suppress fragmentation sufficiently to allow HMSF. Other mechanisms reducing fragmentation, such as the entrapment of heating from young stars via high-mass surface densities, are not required to facilitate HMSF.

Pillai, T.; Kauffmann, J.; Tan, J. C.; Goldsmith, P. F.; Carey, S. J.; Menten, K. M.

2015-01-01

117

Search for two-photon production of resonances decaying into K bar K and K bar K pi  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the production of K {\\/S 0} K {\\/S 0} and K ± K {\\/s 0} pi -\\/+ by two quasi-real photons is presented. The cross section for gammagamma--> K 0 overline {K^0 } , which is given for the gammagamma invariant mass range from K bar K threshold to 2.5 GeV, is dominated by the f'(1525) resonance

M. Althoff; W. Braunschweig; F. J. Kirschfink; H.-U. Martyn; R. Rosskamp; H. Siebke; W. Wallraff; J. Eisenmann; H. M. Fischer; H. Hartmann; A. Jocksch; G. Knop; H. Kolanoski; H. Kück; V. Mertens; R. Wedemeyer; B. Foster; A. Wood; E. Bernardi; Y. Eisenberg; A. Eskreys; K. Gather; H. Hultschig; P. Joos; B. Klima; H. Kowalski; A. Ladage; B. Löhr; D. Lüke; P. Mättig; G. Mikenberg; D. Notz; D. Revel; D. Trines; T. Tymieniecka; R. Walczak; G. Wolf; W. Zeuner; E. Hilger; T. Kracht; H. L. Krasemann; E. Lohrmann; G. Poelz; K. U. Pösnecker; D. M. Binnie; P. J. Dornan; D. A. Garbutt; C. Jenkins; W. G. Jones; J. K. Sedgbeer; D. Su; J. Thomas; W. A. T. Wan Abdullah; F. Barreiro; L. Labarga; E. Ros; M. G. Bowler; P. Bull; R. J. Cashmore; P. Dauncey; R. Devenish; C. M. Hawkes; G. Heath; D. J. Mellor; S. L. Lloyd; K. W. Bell; G. E. Forden; J. C. Hart; D. K. Hasell; D. H. Saxon; S. Brandt; M. Dittmar; M. Holder; G. Kreutz; B. Neumann; E. Duchovni; U. Karshon; A. Montag; R. Mir; E. Ronat; G. Yekutieli; A. Shapira; G. Baranko; A. Caldwell; M. Cherney; M. Hildebrandt; J. M. Izen; M. Mermikides; S. Ritz; D. Strom; M. Takashima; H. Venkataramania; E. Wicklund; S. L. Wu; G. Zobernig

1985-01-01

118

Regularization of covariant calculations of meson decay amplitudes at one-loop order: Properties of the a0(980) resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unitary quark model of Törnqvist and Roos provides an extremely interesting description of the properties of the scalar meson nonet. The model is quite phenomenological and has six parameters. In this work we are interested in seeing whether a theoretical foundation for the unitary quark model can be created using our generalized Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, which includes a covariant model of confinement. To make contact with Törnqvist's work, it is necessary to go beyond the leading vacuum polarization diagram of the NJL model, J(P2), which is of order nc, and calculate the (complex) function K(P2), which is of order 1, and which describes the decay of qq¯ states to the continuum of two-meson states. The central issue is the creation of a model for the regularization of the one-loop amplitudes with three vertices. We choose a regulator that has been used in our recent study of f0 mesons. The same regularization is used for the ??, KK¯, and ??' channels, when studying the properties of the a0(980) resonance. The coupling to the decay channels described by K(P2) is an important feature of the model, since the mass of the a0 mass would be 1090 MeV in the absence of such coupling. The peak width obtained for the a0(980) resonance is 23 MeV, which is smaller than the values of 50-100 MeV usually quoted. (Larger values may be obtained in our calculation with another form of the regulator.) While our model is not parameter free, we believe we have made significant progress toward putting the unitary quark model on a firmer foundation.

Celenza, L. S.; Huang, Bo; Wang, Huangsheng; Shakin, C. M.

1999-12-01

119

An analytical method for estimating the {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole resonance parameters of organic compounds with complex free induction decays for radiation effects studies  

SciTech Connect

The use of {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) as a radiation dosimetry tool has only recently been explored. An analytical method for analyzing {sup 14}N NQR complex free induction decays is presented with the background necessary to conduct pulsed NQR experiments. The {sup 14}N NQR energy levels and possible transitions are derived in step-by-step detail. The components of a pulsed NQR spectrometer are discussed along with the experimental techniques for conducting radiation effects experiments using the spectrometer. Three data analysis techniques -- the power spectral density Fourier transform, state space singular value decomposition (HSVD), and nonlinear curve fitting (using the downhill simplex method of global optimization and the Levenberg-Marquart method) -- are explained. These three techniques are integrated into an analytical method which uses these numerical techniques in this order to determine the physical NQR parameters. Sample data sets of urea and guanidine sulfate data are used to demonstrate how these methods can be employed to analyze both simple and complex free induction decays. By determining baseline values for biologically significant organics, radiation effects on the NQR parameters can be studied to provide a link between current radiation dosimetry techniques and the biological effects of radiation.

Iselin, L.H.

1992-12-31

120

First observation and measurement of the resonant structure of the lambda_b->lambda_c pi-pi+pi- decay mode  

SciTech Connect

The authors present the first observation of the {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decay using data from an integrated luminosity of approximately 2.4 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. They also present the first observation of the resonant decays {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sub c}(2455){sup 0} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Sigma}{sub c}(2455){sup ++}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}(2595){sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and {Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}(2625){sup +}{pi}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, and measure their relative branching ratios.

Azzurri, P.; Barria, P.; Ciocci, M.A.; Donati, S.; Vataga, E.

2009-12-01

121

A search for $t\\\\bar{t}$ resonances in lepton+jets events with highly boosted top quarks collected in $pp$ collisions at $\\\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for resonant production of high-mass top-quark pairs is performed on 2.05 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\\\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV collected in 2011 with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. This analysis of the lepton+jets final state is specifically designed for the particular topology that arises from the decay of highly boosted top quarks. The observed

Georges Aad; Tatevik Abajyan; Brad Abbott; Jalal Abdallah; Samah Abdel Khalek; Ahmed Ali Abdelalim; Ovsat Abdinov; Rosemarie Aben; Babak Abi; Maris Abolins; Ossama AbouZeid; Halina Abramowicz; Henso Abreu; Emilio Acerbi; Bobby Samir Acharya; Leszek Adamczyk; David Adams; Tetteh Addy; Jahred Adelman; Stefanie Adomeit; Paolo Adragna; Tim Adye; Scott Aefsky; Juan Antonio Aguilar-Saavedra; Marco Agustoni; Mohamed Aharrouche; Steven Ahlen; Florian Ahles; Ashfaq Ahmad; Mahsana Ahsan; Giulio Aielli; Taylan Akdogan; Torsten Paul Ake ?kesson; Ginga Akimoto; Andrei Akimov; Mohammad Alam; Muhammad Aftab Alam; Justin Albert; Solveig Albrand; Martin Aleksa; Igor Aleksandrov; Franco Alessandria; Calin Alexa; Gideon Alexander; Gauthier Alexandre; Theodoros Alexopoulos; Muhammad Alhroob; Malik Aliev; Gianluca Alimonti; John Alison; Benedict Allbrooke; Phillip Allport; Sarah Allwood-Spiers; John Almond; Alberto Aloisio; Raz Alon; Alejandro Alonso; Francisco Alonso; Barbara Alvarez Gonzalez; Mariagrazia Alviggi; Katsuya Amako; Christoph Amelung; Vladimir Ammosov; Antonio Amorim; Nir Amram; Christos Anastopoulos; Lucian Stefan Ancu; Nansi Andari; Timothy Andeen; Christoph Falk Anders; Gabriel Anders; Kelby Anderson; Attilio Andreazza; George Victor Andrei; Xabier Anduaga; Philipp Anger; Aaron Angerami; Francis Anghinolfi; Alexey Anisenkov; Nuno Anjos; Alberto Annovi; Ariadni Antonaki; Mario Antonelli; Alexey Antonov; Jaroslav Antos; Fabio Anulli; Masato Aoki; Sahar Aoun; Ludovica Aperio Bella; Rudi Apolle; Giorgi Arabidze; Ignacio Aracena; Yasuo Arai; Ayana Arce; Samir Arfaoui; Jean-Francois Arguin; Engin Arik; Metin Arik; Aaron James Armbruster; Olivier Arnaez; Vanessa Arnal; Christian Arnault; Andrei Artamonov; Giacomo Artoni; David Arutinov; Shoji Asai; Ruslan Asfandiyarov; Stefan Ask; Barbro ?sman; Lily Asquith; Ketevi Assamagan; Alan Astbury; Bernard Aubert; Etienne Auge; Kamil Augsten; Mathieu Aurousseau; Giuseppe Avolio; Rachel Maria Avramidou; David Axen; Georges Azuelos; Yuya Azuma; Max Baak; Giuseppe Baccaglioni; Cesare Bacci; Andre Bach; Henri Bachacou; Konstantinos Bachas; Moritz Backes; Malte Backhaus; Elisabeta Badescu; Paolo Bagnaia; Seema Bahinipati; Yu Bai; David Bailey; Travis Bain; John Baines; Oliver Keith Baker; Mark Baker; Sarah Baker; Elzbieta Banas; Piyali Banerjee; Swagato Banerjee; Danilo Banfi; Andrea Michelle Bangert; Vikas Bansal; Hardeep Singh Bansil; Liron Barak; Sergei Baranov; Angela Barbaro Galtieri; Tom Barber; Elisabetta Luigia Barberio; Dario Barberis; Marlon Barbero; Dmitri Bardin; Teresa Barillari; Marcello Barisonzi; Timothy Barklow; Nick Barlow; Bruce Barnett; Michael Barnett; Antonio Baroncelli; Gaetano Barone; Alan Barr; Fernando Barreiro; João Barreiro Guimarães da Costa; Pierre Barrillon; Rainer Bartoldus; Adam Edward Barton; Valeria Bartsch; Richard Bates; Lucia Batkova; Richard Batley; Andreas Battaglia; Michele Battistin; Florian Bauer; Harinder Singh Bawa; Steven Beale; Tristan Beau; Pierre-Hugues Beauchemin; Roberto Beccherle; Philip Bechtle; Hans Peter Beck; Anne Kathrin Becker; Sebastian Becker; Matthew Beckingham; Karl-Heinz Becks; Andrew Beddall; Ayda Beddall; Sourpouhi Bedikian; Vadim Bednyakov; Christopher Bee; Lars Beemster; Michael Begel; Silvia Behar Harpaz; Michael Beimforde; Camille Belanger-Champagne; Paul Bell; William Bell; Gideon Bella; Lorenzo Bellagamba; Francesco Bellina; Massimiliano Bellomo; Alberto Belloni; Olga Beloborodova; Konstantin Belotskiy; Olga Beltramello; Odette Benary; Driss Benchekroun; Katarina Bendtz; Nektarios Benekos; Yan Benhammou; Eleonora Benhar Noccioli; Jorge-Armando Benitez Garcia; Douglas Benjamin; Mathieu Benoit; James Bensinger; Kamal Benslama; Stan Bentvelsen; David Berge; Elin Bergeaas Kuutmann; Nicolas Berger; Frank Berghaus; Elina Berglund; Jürg Beringer; Pauline Bernat; Ralf Bernhard; Catrin Bernius; Tracey Berry; Claudia Bertella; Antonio Bertin; Federico Bertolucci; Maria Ilaria Besana; Geert-Jan Besjes; Nathalie Besson; Siegfried Bethke; Wahid Bhimji; Riccardo-Maria Bianchi; Michele Bianco; Otmar Biebel; Stephen Paul Bieniek; Katharina Bierwagen; Jed Biesiada; Michela Biglietti; Halina Bilokon; Marcello Bindi; Sebastien Binet; Ahmet Bingul; Cesare Bini; Catherine Biscarat; Urban Bitenc; Kevin Black; Robert Blair; Jean-Baptiste Blanchard; Georges Blanchot; Tomas Blazek; Craig Blocker; Jacek Blocki; Alain Blondel; Walter Blum; Ulrike Blumenschein; Gerjan Bobbink; Victor Bobrovnikov; Simona Serena Bocchetta; Andrea Bocci; Christopher Richard Boddy; Michael Boehler; Jennifer Boek; Nele Boelaert; Joannes Andreas Bogaerts; Alexander Bogdanchikov; Andrei Bogouch

2012-01-01

122

Search for Dilepton Resonances in pp Collisions at s=7TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at s=7TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21)fb-1 in the e+e- (?+?-) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z' resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z' boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/M¯Pl=0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV.

Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdesselam, A.; Abdinov, O.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Aderholz, M.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Akiyama, A.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Aliyev, M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amaral, P.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amorim, A.; Amorós, G.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M.-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Archambault, J. P.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J.-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Astvatsatourov, A.; Atoian, G.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Austin, N.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Ay, C.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Bachy, G.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barashkou, A.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, D.; Bartsch, V.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beare, B.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Ben Ami, S.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Benchouk, C.; Bendel, M.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernardet, K.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertin, A.; Bertinelli, F.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bitenc, U.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Böser, S.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bona, M.; Bondarenko, V. G.; Bondioli, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Boorman, G.; Booth, C. N.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borroni, S.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Botterill, D.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozhko, N. I.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Braem, A.; Branchini, P.; Brandenburg, G. W.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Breton, D.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Brodet, E.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.; Buanes, T.; Bucci, F.; Buchanan, J.; Buchanan, N. J.; Buchholz, P.

2011-12-01

123

Search for dilepton resonances in pp collisions at ?s=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector.  

PubMed

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21)??fb(-1) in the e(+)e(-) (?(+)?(-)) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z' resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z' boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/M(Pl)=0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV. PMID:22243306

Aad, G; Abbott, B; Abdallah, J; Abdelalim, A A; Abdesselam, A; Abdinov, O; Abi, B; Abolins, M; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Acerbi, E; Acharya, B S; Adams, D L; Addy, T N; Adelman, J; Aderholz, M; Adomeit, S; Adragna, P; Adye, T; Aefsky, S; Aguilar-Saavedra, J A; Aharrouche, M; Ahlen, S P; Ahles, F; Ahmad, A; Ahsan, M; Aielli, G; Akdogan, T; Akesson, T P A; Akimoto, G; Akimov, A V; Akiyama, A; Alam, M S; Alam, M A; Albert, J; Albrand, S; Aleksa, M; Aleksandrov, I N; Alessandria, F; Alexa, C; Alexander, G; Alexandre, G; Alexopoulos, T; Alhroob, M; Aliev, M; Alimonti, G; Alison, J; Aliyev, M; Allport, P P; Allwood-Spiers, S E; Almond, J; Aloisio, A; Alon, R; Alonso, A; Alviggi, M G; Amako, K; Amaral, P; Amelung, C; Ammosov, V V; Amorim, A; Amorós, G; Amram, N; Anastopoulos, C; Ancu, L S; Andari, N; Andeen, T; Anders, C F; Anders, G; Anderson, K J; Andreazza, A; Andrei, V; Andrieux, M-L; Anduaga, X S; Angerami, A; Anghinolfi, F; Anjos, N; Annovi, A; Antonaki, A; Antonelli, M; Antonov, A; Antos, J; Anulli, F; Aoun, S; Aperio Bella, L; Apolle, R; Arabidze, G; Aracena, I; Arai, Y; Arce, A T H; Archambault, J P; Arfaoui, S; Arguin, J-F; Arik, E; Arik, M; Armbruster, A J; Arnaez, O; Arnault, C; Artamonov, A; Artoni, G; Arutinov, D; Asai, S; Asfandiyarov, R; Ask, S; Asman, B; Asquith, L; Assamagan, K; Astbury, A; Astvatsatourov, A; Atoian, G; Aubert, B; Auge, E; Augsten, K; Aurousseau, M; Austin, N; Avolio, G; Avramidou, R; Axen, D; Ay, C; Azuelos, G; Azuma, Y; Baak, M A; Baccaglioni, G; Bacci, C; Bach, A M; Bachacou, H; Bachas, K; Bachy, G; Backes, M; Backhaus, M; Badescu, E; Bagnaia, P; Bahinipati, S; Bai, Y; Bailey, D C; Bain, T; Baines, J T; Baker, O K; Baker, M D; Baker, S; Banas, E; Banerjee, P; Banerjee, Sw; Banfi, D; Bangert, A; Bansal, V; Bansil, H S; Barak, L; Baranov, S P; Barashkou, A; Barbaro Galtieri, A; Barber, T; Barberio, E L; Barberis, D; Barbero, M; Bardin, D Y; Barillari, T; Barisonzi, M; Barklow, T; Barlow, N; Barnett, B M; Barnett, R M; Baroncelli, A; Barone, G; Barr, A J; Barreiro, F; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J; Barrillon, P; Bartoldus, R; Barton, A E; Bartsch, D; Bartsch, V; Bates, R L; Batkova, L; Batley, J R; Battaglia, A; Battistin, M; Battistoni, G; Bauer, F; Bawa, H S; Beare, B; Beau, T; Beauchemin, P H; Beccherle, R; Bechtle, P; Beck, H P; Beckingham, M; Becks, K H; Beddall, A J; Beddall, A; Bedikian, S; Bednyakov, V A; Bee, C P; Begel, M; Behar Harpaz, S; Behera, P K; Beimforde, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bell, P J; Bell, W H; Bella, G; Bellagamba, L; Bellina, F; Bellomo, M; Belloni, A; Beloborodova, O; Belotskiy, K; Beltramello, O; Ben Ami, S; Benary, O; Benchekroun, D; Benchouk, C; Bendel, M; Benekos, N; Benhammou, Y; Benjamin, D P; Benoit, M; Bensinger, J R; Benslama, K; Bentvelsen, S; Berge, D; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E; Berger, N; Berghaus, F; Berglund, E; Beringer, J; Bernardet, K; Bernat, P; Bernhard, R; Bernius, C; Berry, T; Bertin, A; Bertinelli, F; Bertolucci, F; Besana, M I; Besson, N; Bethke, S; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, R M; Bianco, M; Biebel, O; Bieniek, S P; Bierwagen, K; Biesiada, J; Biglietti, M; Bilokon, H; Bindi, M; Binet, S; Bingul, A; Bini, C; Biscarat, C; Bitenc, U; Black, K M; Blair, R E; Blanchard, J-B; Blanchot, G; Blazek, T; Blocker, C; Blocki, J; Blondel, A; Blum, W; Blumenschein, U; Bobbink, G J; Bobrovnikov, V B; Bocchetta, S S; Bocci, A; Boddy, C R; Boehler, M; Boek, J; Boelaert, N; Böser, S; Bogaerts, J A; Bogdanchikov, A; Bogouch, A; Bohm, C; Boisvert, V; Bold, T; Boldea, V; Bolnet, N M; Bona, M; Bondarenko, V G; Bondioli, M; Boonekamp, M; Boorman, G; Booth, C N; Bordoni, S; Borer, C; Borisov, A; Borissov, G; Borjanovic, I; Borroni, S; Bos, K; Boscherini, D; Bosman, M; Boterenbrood, H; Botterill, D; Bouchami, J; Boudreau, J; Bouhova-Thacker, E V; Bourdarios, C; Bousson, N; Boveia, A; Boyd, J; Boyko, I R; Bozhko, N I; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I; Bracinik, J; Braem, A; Branchini, P; Brandenburg, G W; Brandt, A; Brandt, G; Brandt, O; Bratzler, U; Brau, B; Brau, J E; Braun, H M; Brelier, B; Bremer, J; Brenner, R; Bressler, S; Breton, D; Britton, D; Brochu, F M; Brock, I; Brock, R; Brodbeck, T J; Brodet, E; Broggi, F; Bromberg, C; Brooijmans, G; Brooks, W K; Brown, G; Brown, H; Bruckman de Renstrom, P A; Bruncko, D; Bruneliere, R; Brunet, S; Bruni, A; Bruni, G; Bruschi, M; Buanes, T; Bucci, F; Buchanan, J; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, P; Buckingham, R M; Buckley, A G; Buda, S I; Budagov, I A; Budick, B; Büscher, V; Bugge, L; Buira-Clark, D; Bulekov, O; Bunse, M; Buran, T; Burckhart, H; Burdin, S; Burgess, T; Burke, S; Busato, E; Bussey, P; Buszello, C P; Butin, F; Butler, B; Butler, J M; Buttar, C M; Butterworth, J M; Buttinger, W; Byatt, T; Cabrera Urbán, S; Caforio, D; Cakir, O; Calafiura, P; Calderini, G; Calfayan, P; Calkins, R; Caloba, L P; Caloi, R; Calvet, D; Calvet, S; Camacho Toro, R; Camarri, P; Cambiaghi, M; Cameron, D; Campana, S

2011-12-30

124

High-Mass Star Formation through Far-Infrared Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RCW 106, a high-mass star-forming complex, two compact H II regions and a CO clump have been observed in the far infrared (at 150 and 210 µ) using the TIFR 1 m balloon-borne telescope. Maps of intensity, dust temperature and optical depth with ~ 1'.3 resolution were obtained. Using 23 sources in the RCW 106 complex, the slope of the IMF is found to be -1.73+/-0.5. From ISO observations, fluxes in the PAH bands have been obtained for the 3 compact sources. Radiation transfer calculations have been performed for modeling the spectral energy distributions.

Verma, R. P.; Ghosh, S. K.; Rengarajan, T. N.

2003-01-01

125

Search for new resonances decaying via WZ to leptons in proton-proton collisions at ?{ s} = 8TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search is performed in proton-proton collisions at ?{ s} = 8 TeV for exotic particles decaying via WZ to fully leptonic final states with electrons, muons, and neutrinos. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 fb-1. No significant excess is observed above the expected standard model background. Upper bounds at 95% confidence level are set on the production cross section of a W? boson as predicted by an extended gauge model, and on the W? WZ coupling. The expected and observed mass limits for a W? boson, as predicted by this model, are 1.55 and 1.47 TeV, respectively. Stringent limits are also set in the context of low-scale technicolor models under a range of assumptions for the model parameters.

Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Luyckx, S.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; Heracleous, N.; Keaveney, J.; Kim, T. J.; Lowette, S.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dobur, D.; Favart, L.; Gay, A. P. R.; Grebenyuk, A.; Léonard, A.; Mohammadi, A.; Perniè, L.; Reis, T.; Seva, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Crucy, S.; Dildick, S.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salva Diblen, S.; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Vidal Marono, M.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Alves, G. A.; Correa Martins Junior, M.; Dos Reis Martins, T.; Pol, M. E.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Malbouisson, H.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santaolalla, J.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Tonelli Manganote, E. J.; Vilela Pereira, A.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Aleksandrov, A.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Marinov, A.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Plestina, R.; Tao, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, Y.; Li, Q.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Zhang, L.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Chaparro Sierra, L. F.; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Filipovic, N.; Florent, A.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Boudoul, G.; Brochet, S.; Carrillo Montoya, C. A.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fan, J.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Ruiz Alvarez, J. D.; Sabes, D.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Vander Donckt, M.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Xiao, H.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Autermann, C.; Beranek, S.; Bontenackels, M.

2015-01-01

126

Sharpening m T2 cusps: the mass determination of semi-invisibly decaying particles from a resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revisit mass determination techniques for the minimum symmetric event topology, namely X pair production followed by X ? ?N , where X and N are unknown particles with the masses to be measured, and N is an invisible particle, concentrating on the case where X is pair produced from a resonance. We consider separate scenarios, with different initial constraints on the invisible particle momenta, and present a systematic method to identify the kinematically allowed mass regions in the ( m N , m X ) plane. These allowed regions exhibit a cusp structure at the true mass point, which is equivalent to the one observed in the m T2 endpoints in certain cases. By considering the boundary of the allowed mass region we systematically define kinematical variables which can be used in measuring the unknown masses, and find a new expression for the m T2 variable as well as its inverse. We explicitly apply our method to the case that X is pair produced from a resonance, and as a case study, we consider the process pp ? A ? , followed by , in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and show that our method provides a precise measurement of the chargino and sneutrino masses, m X and m N , at 14 TeV LHC with 300 fb-1 luminosity.

Harland-Lang, Lucian A.; Kom, Chun-Hay; Sakurai, Kazuki; Tonini, Marco

2014-06-01

127

Mixed phase effects on high-mass twin stars  

E-print Network

Recently it has been found that a certain class of hybrid star equations of state with a large latent heat (strong first order phase transition obtained by a Maxwell construction) between stiff hadronic hadronic and stiff quark matter phases allows for the appearance of a third family of compact stars (including "twins") at high mass of $\\sim 2 M_\\odot$. We investigate how robust this high-mass twin phenomenon is against a smoothing of the transition which would occur, e.g., due to pasta structures in the mixed phase. To this end we propose a simple construction of a pasta-like equation of state with a parameter that quantifies the degree of smoothing of the transition and could eventually be related to the surface tension of the pasta structures. It is interesting to note that the range of energy densities for the transition as well as the pressure at the onset of the transition of this class of hybrid star matter at zero temperature corresponds well to values of the same quantities found in finite temperature lattice QCD simulations for the 1 $\\sigma$ region at the pseudocritical temperature $T_c=154 \\pm 9$ MeV. The pattern of the speed of sound as a function of energy density is very different.

D. E. Alvarez-Castillo; D. Blaschke

2014-12-29

128

Observation of a resonance in the KSp decay channel at a mass of 1765 MeV/c2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the observation of a KSp resonance signal at a mass of 1765 ± 5 MeV/ c 2, with intrinsic width ? = 108 ± 22 MeV/ c 2, produced inclusively in ?--nucleus interactions at 340 GeV/ c in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN. The signal was observed in the kinematic region xF>0.7, in this region its production cross section rises approximately linearly with (1-xF), reaching BR(X?KSp)d?/dxF=(5.2±2.3)?b per nucleon at xF=0.8. The hard xF spectrum suggests the presence of a strong leading particle effect in the production and hence the identification as a ?*+ state. No corresponding peaks were observed in the K-p and ??± mass spectra.

Adamovich, M. I.; Alexandrov, Y. A.; Baranov, S. P.; Barberis, D.; Beck, M.; Bérat, C.; Beusch, W.; Boss, M.; Brons, S.; Brückner, W.; Buénerd, M.; Busch, C.; Büscher, C.; Charignon, F.; Chauvin, J.; Chudakov, E. A.; Dersch, U.; Dropmann, F.; Engelfried, J.; Faller, F.; Fournier, A.; Gerassimov, S. G.; Godbersen, M.; Grafström, P.; Haller, T.; Heidrich, M.; Hubbard, E.; Hurst, R. B.; Königsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Keller, N.; Martens, K.; Martin, P.; Masciocchi, S.; Michaels, R.; Müller, U.; Neeb, H.; Newbold, D.; Newsom, C.; Paul, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Potashnikova, I.; Povh, B.; Ren, Z.; Rey-Campagnolle, M.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, L.; Rudolph, H.; Scheel, C.; Schmitt, L.; Siebert, H.-W.; Simon, A.; Smith, V.; Thilmann, O.; Trombini, A.; Vesin, E.; Volkemer, B.; Vorwalter, K.; Walcher, T.; Wälder, G.; Werding, R.; Wittmann, E.; Zavertyaev, M. V.

2007-04-01

129

Tetraquark resonances with the triple flip-flop potential, decays in the cherry in a broken glass approximation  

E-print Network

We develop a unitarized formalism to study tetraquarks using the triple flip-flop potential, which includes two meson-meson potentials and the tetraquark four-body potential. This can be related to the Jaffe-Wilczek and to the Karliner-Lipkin tetraquark models, where we also consider the possible open channels, since the four quarks and antiquarks may at any time escape to a pair of mesons. Here we study a simplified two-variable toy model and explore the analogy with a cherry in a glass, but a broken one where the cherry may escape from. It is quite interesting to have our system confined or compact in one variable and infinite in the other variable. In this framework we solve the two-variable Schr\\"odinger equation in configuration space. With the finite difference method, we compute the spectrum, we search for localized states and we attempt to compute phase shifts. We then apply the outgoing spherical wave method to compute in detail the phase shifts and and to determine the decay widths. We explore the m...

Bicudo, Pedro

2010-01-01

130

Investigating high-mass star formation through maser surveys  

E-print Network

Interstellar masers are unique probes of the environments in which they arise. In studies of high-mass star formation their primary function has been as signposts of these regions and they have been used as probes of the kinematics and physical conditions in only a few sources. With a few notable exceptions, we know relatively little about the evolutionary phase the different maser species trace, nor their location with respect to other star formation tracers. While detailed studies of a small number of maser regions can reveal much about them, other information can only be obtained through large, systematic searches. In particular, such surveys are vital in efforts to determine an evolutionary sequence for the common maser species, and there is growing evidence that methanol masers may trace an earlier phase than the other common maser species of OH and water.

S. P. Ellingsen; M. A. Voronkov; D. M. Cragg; A. M. Sobolev; S. L. Breen; P. D. Godfrey

2007-05-21

131

High Mass Higgs Boson Searches at the Tevatron  

E-print Network

We present results from CDF and D0 on direct searches for high mass standard model (SM) Higgs boson (H) in ppbar collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron at \\sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV. Compared to previous Higgs boson Tevatron combinations, more data and new channels (H -> W+W- -> lnujj, H -> WW -> l+tau + X and trilepton final states) have been added. Most previously used channels have been reanalyzed to gain sensitivity. Analyzing 5.9 fb^-1 of data at CDF, and 5.4-6.7 fb^-1 at D0, the combination excludes with 95% C.L. a standard model Higgs boson in the mass range of m_H = 158-175 GeV/c2.

Bjoern Penning

2010-12-02

132

Mass Discrimination in High-Mass MALDI-MS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In high-mass matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS), the accessible m/z range is limited by the detector used. Therefore, special high-mass detectors based on ion conversion dynodes (ICDs) have been developed. Recently, we have found that mass bias may exist when such ICD detectors are used [Weidmann et al., Anal. Chem. 85(6), 3425-3432 (2013)]. In this contribution, the mass-dependent response of an ICD detector was systematically studied, the response factors for proteins with molecular weights from 35.9 to 129.9 kDa were determined, and the reasons for mass bias were identified. Compared with commonly employed microchannel plate detectors, we found that the mass discrimination is less pronounced, although ions with higher masses are weakly favored when using an ICD detector. The relative response was found to depend on the laser power used for MALDI; low-mass ions are discriminated against with higher laser power. The effect of mutual ion suppression in dependence of the proteins used and their molar ratio is shown. Mixtures consisting of protein oligomers that only differ in mass show less mass discrimination than mixtures consisting of different proteins with similar masses. Furthermore, mass discrimination increases for molar ratios far from 1. Finally, we present clear guidelines that help to choose the experimental parameters such that the response measured matches the actual molar fraction as closely as possible.

Weidmann, Simon; Mikutis, Gediminas; Barylyuk, Konstantin; Zenobi, Renato

2013-09-01

133

A search for a heavy resonance decaying to a top quark and bottom quark with the CMS experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The standard model of particle physics can explain most measurements of elementary particle properties and interactions performed to date. However, it does not naturally explain the relatively light Higgs boson mass or the existence of small neutrino masses, and has no explanation for the dark matter observed in the universe. Many extensions to the standard model have been proposed to attempt to address these questions, and several predict the existence of heavy charged gauge bosons, usually referred to as W' bosons. The Large Hadron Collider at CERN is the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world and offers the opportunity to search for W' bosons using the CMS experiment, a large multi-purpose particle detector. Results are presented from a search for a W' boson produced in proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy sqrt(s)=8 TeV and decaying into a top and a bottom quark, using a dataset collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 fb-1. Various models of W' boson production are studied by allowing for an arbitrary combination of left- and right-handed fermionic couplings. The analysis is based on the detection of events with an electron or muon, jets and missing transverse energy in the final state. No evidence for W' boson production is found and 95% confidence level upper limits are obtained on the production cross section for several mass hypotheses and compared to theoretical predictions. For W' bosons with purely right-handed couplings, and for those with left-handed couplings when ignoring interference effects, the observed 95% confidence level limit on the W' boson mass is M(W')>2.05 TeV. These are the most stringent limits obtained to date in this channel.

Sperka, David M.

134

Measured hot-electron intensity thresholds quantified by a two-plasmon-decay resonant common-wave gain in various experimental configurations  

SciTech Connect

The fraction of laser energy converted into hot electrons by the two-plasmon-decay instability is found to have different overlapped intensity thresholds for various configurations on the Omega Laser Facility [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997); J. H. Kelly et al., J. Phys. IV 133, 75 (2006)]. A factor-of-2 difference in the overlapped intensity threshold is observed between two- and four-beam configurations. The overlapped intensity threshold increases by a factor of 2 between the 4- and 18-beam configurations and by a factor of 3 between the 4- and 60-beam configurations. This is explained by a linear common-wave model where multiple laser beams drive a common electron-plasma wave in a wavevector region that bisects the laser beams (resonant common-wave region in k-space). These experimental results indicate that the hot-electron threshold depends on the hydrodynamic parameters at the quarter-critical density surface, the configuration of the laser beams, and the sum of the intensity of the beams that share the same angle with the common-wave vector.

Michel, D. T.; Maximov, A. V.; Short, R. W.; Delettrez, J. A.; Edgell, D.; Hu, S. X.; Igumenshchev, I. V.; Myatt, J. F.; Solodov, A. A.; Stoeckl, C.; Yaakobi, B.; Froula, D. H. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14636 (United States)] [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14636 (United States)

2013-05-15

135

Search for WW and WZ resonances decaying to electron, missing E(T), and two jets in pp collisions at square root(s) = 1.96??TeV.  

PubMed

Using data from 2.9??fb(-1) of integrated luminosity collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, we search for resonances decaying into a pair of on-shell gauge bosons, WW or WZ, where one W decays into an electron and a neutrino, and the other boson decays into two jets. We observed no statistically significant excess above the expected standard model background, and we set cross section limits at 95% confidence level on G* (Randall-Sundrum graviton), Z', and W' bosons. By comparing these limits to theoretical cross sections, mass exclusion regions for the three particles are derived. The mass exclusion regions for Z' and W' are further evaluated as a function of their gauge coupling strength. PMID:20867293

Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Alvarez González, B; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Apollinari, G; Appel, J; Apresyan, A; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Asaadi, J; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Barria, P; Bartos, P; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P-H; Bedeschi, F; Beecher, D; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Bridgeman, A; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Calancha, C; Camarda, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carls, B; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carrillo, S; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavaliere, V; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Chwalek, T; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Corbo, M; Cordelli, M; Cox, C A; Cox, D J; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenar, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Dagenhart, D; d'Ascenzo, N; Datta, M; Davies, T; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, M; Deluca, C; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; d'Errico, M; Di Canto, A; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Donati, S; Dong, P; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Ebina, K; Elagin, A; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Ershaidat, N; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Ferrazza, C; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Frank, M J; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garberson, F; Garcia, J E; Garfinkel, A F; Garosi, P; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Gessler, A; Giagu, S; Giakoumopoulou, V; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C M; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harr, R F; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heinrich, J; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hewamanage, S; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Hughes, R E; Hurwitz, M; Husemann, U; Hussein, M; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeon, E J; Jha, M K; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Kar, D; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kephart, R; Ketchum, W; Keung, J; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, H W; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krop, D; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kurata, M; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, E; Lee, H S; Lee, J S; Lee, S W; Leone, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C-J; Linacre, J; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, C; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Lovas, L; Lucchesi, D; Lueck, J; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lys, J; Lysak, R; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martínez-Ballarín, R; Mastrandrea, P; Mathis, M; Mattson, M E; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzione, A; Mesropian, C; Miao, T; Mietlicki, D; Miladinovic, N; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyake, H; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Mondragon, M N; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M J; Morlock, J; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagai, Y; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Nett, J; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Neubauer, S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norman, M; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oakes, L; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Orava, R; Osterberg, K; Pagan Griso, S; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramanov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Peiffer, T; Pellett, D E; Penzo, A; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Pianori, E; Pinera, L; Pitts, K; Plager, C

2010-06-18

136

The High Mass Stellar IMF in M31  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will present a progress report on our analysis of the high mass stellar initial mass (IMF) in M31 from the Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury program (PHAT), an 828-orbit HST survey of 1/3 of M31's star-forming disk. To date, we have measured the present day mass function (MF) above 2 M? for nearly 1000 young star clusters (< 300 Myr) by modeling their resolved star color-magnitude diagrams. The MF slopes of individual clusters show a tremendous degree of scatter, with some clusters differing substantially from Salpeter. There appears to be little correlation between physical properties of the clusters (e.g., mass, age) and their MF slopes. From analysis of the ensemble of clusters, we recover a global MF that is both steeper than Salpeter and one that exhibits a high degree of variance, which, if taken at face value, does not appear comapabilte with a universal IMF model. We are using an extensive suite of artificial clusters, designed to mimic observations, to investigate whether effects such as finite sampling statistics, dynamical evolution (e.g., mass segregation), stellar multiplicity, cluster membership, crowding, and/or completeness can be responsible for the observed MF properties, or if the M31 cluster population has an intrinsically non-universal IMF.

Weisz, Daniel R.; PHAT

2015-01-01

137

Accretion in supergiant High Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supergiant High Mass X-ray Binary systems (sgHMXBs) consist of a massive, late type, star and a neutron star. The massive stars exhibits strong, radiatively driven, stellar winds. Wind accretion onto compact object triggers X-ray emission, which alters the stellar wind significantly. Hydrodynamic simulation has been used to study the neutron star - stellar wind interaction it two sgHMXBs: i) A heavily obscured sgHMXB (IGR J17252-3616) discovered by INTEGRAL. To account for observable quantities (i.e., absorbing column density) we have to assume a very slow wind terminal velocity of about 500 km/s and a rather massive neutron star. If confirmed in other obscured systems, this could provide a completely new stellar wind diagnostics. ii) A classical sgHMXB (Vela X-1) has been studied in depth to understand the origin of the off-states observed in this system. Among many models used to account for this observed behavior (clumpy wind, gating mechanism) we propose that self-organized criticality of the accretion stream is the likely reason for the observed behavior. In conclusion, the neutron star, in these two examples, acts very effciently as a probe to study stellar winds.

Manousakis, Antonios; Walter, Roland; Blondin, John

2014-01-01

138

Resonant Nucleation  

E-print Network

We investigate the role played by fast quenching on the decay of metastable (or false vacuum) states. Instead of the exponentially-slow decay rate per unit volume, $\\Gamma_{\\rm HN} \\sim \\exp[-E_b/k_BT]$ ($E_b$ is the free energy of the critical bubble), predicted by Homogeneous Nucleation theory, we show that under fast enough quenching the decay rate is a power law $\\Gamma_{\\rm RN} \\sim [E_b/k_BT]^{-B}$, where $B$ is weakly sensitive to the temperature. For a range of parameters, large-amplitude oscillations about the metastable state trigger the resonant emergence of coherent subcritical configurations. Decay mechanisms for different $E_b$ are proposed and illustrated in a (2+1)-dimensional scalar field model.

Marcelo Gleiser; Rafael Howell

2005-03-16

139

Molecular line tracers of high-mass star forming regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-mass stars influence their environment in different ways including feedback via their FUV radiation. The penetration of FUV photons into molecular clouds creates Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs) with different chemical layers where the mainly ionized medium changes into mainly molecular. Different chemical layers in PDRs are traced by different species observable at sub-mm and Far Infrared wavelengths. In this poster we present results from two molecular line surveys. One of them is the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Spectral Legacy Survey (SLS) toward the luminous (>10^7 L_Sun), massive (~10^6 M_Sun), and distant (11.4 kpc) star-forming region W49A. The SLS images a 2x2 arcminute field toward W49A in the 330-373 GHz frequency range. The detected molecular lines reveal a complex chemistry and the importance of FUV-irradiation in the heating and chemistry of the region. The other line survey presented in the poster is part of the HEXOS (Herschel observations of EXtra-Ordinary Sources, PI: E. Bergin) key program using the Herschel Space Observatory and is toward the nearby (~420 pc) prototypical edge-on Orion Bar PDR and the dense molecular condensation Orion S. Reactive ions, such as CH+, SH+, and CO+, detected as a part of this line survey trace the warm (~500-1000 K) surface region of PDRs. Spectrally resolved HIFI and spectrally unresolved PACS spectra give constraints on the chemistry and excitation of reactive ions in these regions.

Nagy, Zsofia; Van der Tak, Floris; Ossenkopf, Volker; Bergin, Edwin; Black, John; Faure, Alexandre; Fuller, Gary; Gerin, Maryvonne; Goicoechea, Javier; Joblin, Christine; Le Bourlot, Jacques; Le Petit, Franck; Makai, Zoltan; Plume, Rene; Roellig, Markus; Spaans, Marco; Tolls, Volker

2013-07-01

140

Molecular line tracers of high-mass star forming regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-mass stars influence their environment in different ways including feedback via their far-UV radiation and mechanical feedback via shocks and stellar winds. The penetration of FUV photons into molecular clouds creates Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs) with different chemical layers where the mainly ionized medium changes into mainly molecular. Different chemical layers in PDRs are traced by different species observable at sub-mm and far-infrared wavelengths. In this thesis we present results from two molecular line surveys. One of them is the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Spectral Legacy Survey (SLS) toward the luminous (>10^7 L_Sun), massive (~10^6 M_Sun), and distant (11.4 kpc) star-forming region W49A. The SLS images a 2x2 arcminute field around W49A in the 330-373 GHz frequency range. The detected molecular lines reveal a complex chemistry and the importance of FUV-irradiation and shocks in the heating and chemistry of the region. The other line survey presented in this thesis is part of the HEXOS (Herschel observations of EXtra-Ordinary Sources) key program using the Herschel Space Observatory and is toward the nearby (~420 pc) prototypical edge-on Orion Bar PDR and the dense molecular condensation Orion S. Reactive ions, such as CH+, SH+, and CO+, detected as a part of this line survey trace the warm (~500-1000 K) surface region of PDRs. Spectroscopic data from the HIFI and PACS instruments of Herschel give constraints on the chemistry and excitation of reactive ions in these regions.

Nagy, Zsofia

2013-09-01

141

Sensitivity of HAWC to high-mass dark matter annihilations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory is a wide field-of-view detector sensitive to gamma rays of 100 GeV to a few hundred TeV. Located in central Mexico at 19° North latitude and 4100 m above sea level, HAWC will observe gamma rays and cosmic rays with an array of water Cherenkov detectors. The full HAWC array is scheduled to be operational in Spring 2015. In this paper, we study the HAWC sensitivity to the gamma-ray signatures of high-mass (multi-TeV) dark matter annihilation. The HAWC observatory will be sensitive to diverse searches for dark matter annihilation, including annihilation from extended dark matter sources, the diffuse gamma-ray emission from dark matter annihilation, and gamma-ray emission from nonluminous dark matter subhalos. Here we consider the HAWC sensitivity to a subset of these sources, including dwarf galaxies, the M31 galaxy, the Virgo cluster, and the Galactic center. We simulate the HAWC response to gamma rays from these sources in several well-motivated dark matter annihilation channels. If no gamma-ray excess is observed, we show the limits HAWC can place on the dark matter cross section from these sources. In particular, in the case of dark matter annihilation into gauge bosons, HAWC will be able to detect a narrow range of dark matter masses to cross sections below thermal. HAWC should also be sensitive to nonthermal cross sections for masses up to nearly 1000 TeV. The constraints placed by HAWC on the dark matter cross section from known sources should be competitive with current limits in the mass range where HAWC has similar sensitivity. HAWC can additionally explore higher dark matter masses than are currently constrained.

Abeysekara, A. U.; Alfaro, R.; Alvarez, C.; Álvarez, J. D.; Arceo, R.; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.; Ayala Solares, H. A.; Barber, A. S.; Baughman, B. M.; Bautista-Elivar, N.; Becerra Gonzalez, J.; Belmont, E.; BenZvi, S. Y.; Berley, D.; Bonilla Rosales, M.; Braun, J.; Caballero-Lopez, R. A.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carramiñana, A.; Castillo, M.; Cotti, U.; Cotzomi, J.; de la Fuente, E.; De León, C.; DeYoung, T.; Diaz Hernandez, R.; Diaz-Cruz, L.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dingus, B. L.; DuVernois, M. A.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Fiorino, D. W.; Fraija, N.; Galindo, A.; Garfias, F.; González, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Grabski, V.; Gussert, M.; Hampel-Arias, Z.; Harding, J. P.; Hui, C. M.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Imran, A.; Iriarte, A.; Karn, P.; Kieda, D.; Kunde, G. J.; Lara, A.; Lauer, R. J.; Lee, W. H.; Lennarz, D.; León Vargas, H.; Linares, E. C.; Linnemann, J. T.; Longo, M.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Marinelli, A.; Martinez, H.; Martinez, O.; Martínez-Castro, J.; Matthews, J. A. J.; McEnery, J.; Mendoza Torres, E.; Miranda-Romagnoli, P.; Moreno, E.; Mostafá, M.; Nellen, L.; Newbold, M.; Noriega-Papaqui, R.; Oceguera-Becerra, T.; Patricelli, B.; Pelayo, R.; Pérez-Pérez, E. G.; Pretz, J.; Rivière, C.; Rosa-González, D.; Ryan, J.; Salazar, H.; Salesa, F.; Sanchez, F. E.; Sandoval, A.; Schneider, M.; Silich, S.; Sinnis, G.; Smith, A. J.; Sparks Woodle, K.; Springer, R. W.; Taboada, I.; Toale, P. A.; Tollefson, K.; Torres, I.; Ukwatta, T. N.; Villaseñor, L.; Weisgarber, T.; Westerhoff, S.; Wisher, I. G.; Wood, J.; Yodh, G. B.; Younk, P. W.; Zaborov, D.; Zepeda, A.; Zhou, H.; Abazajian, K. N.; Milagro Collaboration

2014-12-01

142

Formation of High Mass Hydrocarbons on Kuiper Belt Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent results from the newly established W.M. Keck Research Laboratory in Astrochemistry are presented regarding the formation of high molecular weight (~ C15) hydrocarbons starting from pure, simple saturated hydrocarbons ices: methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8) and n-butane (C4H10) upon the interaction of these ices with ionizing radiation. Specifically, we have utilized a novel application of reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with soft vacuum ultraviolet photoionization to observe the sublimation of the high mass hydrocarbons as a function of temperature. The Kuiper Belt is estimated to consist of over 70,000 icy bodies, which extend beyond the orbit of Neptune at 30 AU. These bodies are believed to have maintained low temperatures (30-50 K) since the formation of the solar system and are often regarded as frozen relics that may preserve a record of the primitive volatiles from which the solar system formed. In particular, methane has been detected on the surfaces of Sedna, Quaoar, Triton (thought to be a captured KBO) and Pluto along with ethane being tentatively assigned to on Quaoar, Pluto, and Orcus. Throughout the past 4.5 billion years, these surfaces have undergone significant chemical processing due to the barrage of ionizing radiation from solar wind and background Galactic Cosmic Rays. The main focus of our research has been elucidating how the outer planetary icy bodies have evolved over the age of the solar system by simulating the chemical changes induced from ionizing radiation in an ultrahigh vacuum chamber. These changes are monitored with a variety of optical analytical spectroscopies (FT-IR, Raman, UV-Vis) and gas phase mass spectroscopy coupled with soft vacuum ultraviolet photoionization of the subliming products at 10.5 eV. Our results indicate that larger, more complex hydrocarbons up to C15 are formed easily under conditions relevant to the environment of Kuiper Belt Objects which may help elucidate part of the puzzle regarding the 'colors' of these objects along with the formation of carbonaceous material throughout the interstellar medium.eflection Time-of-Flight spectrum as a function of temperature of the newly formed species from the energetic processing of a pure amorphous propane ice.

Jones, B. M.; Bennett, C.; Gu, X.; Kaiser, R. I.

2012-12-01

143

THE EARLIEST STAGES OF HIGH MASS STAR FORMATION METHANOL MASER INSIGHTS , P. Andr1  

E-print Network

THE EARLIEST STAGES OF HIGH MASS STAR FORMATION ­ METHANOL MASER INSIGHTS V. Minier1 , P. André1 (>8 M ) star formation using methanol MASERs as astronomical probes. Methanol masers can provide form. Tracers of high mass star-forming complexes in the Galactic plane: The brightest methanol masers

De Buizer, James Michael

144

Strong decays of higher excited heavy-light mesons in a chiral quark model  

E-print Network

The strong decay properties of the higher excited heavy-light mesons from the first radially excited states up to the first $F$-wave states are studied in a constituent quark model. It is found many missing excitations have good potentials to be found in future experiments for their narrow widths, some of them dominantly decay into the first orbital excitations rather than into ground states. In future observations, one should focus on the decay processes not only into the ground states, but also into the low-lying $P$-wave excitations with $J^P=0^+,1^+$. Furthermore, the nature of the newly observed states $D_J(3000)$, $D_J^*(3000)$ and B(5970) is discussed. It is predicted that $D_J(3000)$ seems to be a partner of $D_{sJ}(3040)$, which could be identified as the high-mass mixed state $|2{P_1}>_L$ ($J^P=1^+$) via the $2^1P_1$-$2^3P_1$ mixing. The $D_J^*(3000)$ resonance seems to favor the $1^3F_4$ state, however, the quantum numbers $J^P=0^+$ and $2^+$ can not be excluded complectly, more experimental observations are needed to determine its $J^P$ values. The B(5970) resonance is most likely to be the $1^3D_3$ with $J^P=3^-$.

Li-Ye Xiao; Xian-Hui Zhong

2014-10-27

145

Search for resonant diboson production in the WW/WZ???jj decay channels with the ATLAS detector at s=7TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A search for resonant diboson production using a data sample corresponding to 4.7fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in pp collisions at s=7TeV is presented. The search for a narrow resonance in the WW or WZ mass distribution is conducted in a final state with an electron or a muon, missing transverse momentum, and at least two jets. No significant excess is observed and limits are set using three benchmark models: WW resonance masses below 940 and 710 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level for spin-2 Randall-Sundrum and bulk Randall-Sundrum gravitons, respectively; WZ resonance masses below 950 GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level for a spin-1 extended gauge model W' boson.

Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Altheimer, A.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amor Dos Santos, S. P.; Amorim, A.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M.-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Angelidakis, S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J.-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Backus Mayes, J.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Balek, P.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Basye, A.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianchini, L.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bittner, B.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Bloch, I.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. S.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boek, T. T.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortfeldt, J.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.

2013-06-01

146

Stau LSP Phenomenology: Two- versus Four-Body Decay Modes and Resonant Single Slepton Production at the LHC as an Example  

E-print Network

We investigate B3 mSUGRA models, where the lightest scalar tau, stau_1, is the LSP. B3 models allow for lepton number and R-parity violation; the LSP can thus decay. We assume one non-zero B3 coupling lambda'_ijk at M_GUT, which generates further B3 couplings at M_Z. We study the RGEs and give numerical examples. The new couplings lead to additional stau_1 decays, providing distinct collider signatures. We classify the stau_1 decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We exploit our results for single slepton production at the LHC. As an explicit numerical example, we investigate single smuon production, focussing on like-sign dimuons in the final state. Also considered are final states with three or four muons.

H. K. Dreiner; S. Grab; M. K. Trenkel

2009-01-26

147

Meson decays to 0 , Including Higher  

E-print Network

B0 Meson decays to 0 K0 , f0K0 , and - K+ , Including Higher K Resonances A dissertation presented Morii Corry Louise Lee-Boehm B0 Meson decays to 0 K0 , f0K0 , and - K+ , Including Higher K Resonances­2008. The study of the branching fractions and angular distributions of B meson decays to hadronic final states

Weitz, David

148

Search for High-Mass States with One Lepton Plus Missing Transverse Momentum in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\\sqrt{s} with the ATLAS Detector  

SciTech Connect

The ATLAS detector is used to search for high-mass states, such as heavy charged gauge bosons (W{prime},W*), decaying to a charged lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino. Results are presented based on the analysis of ppcollisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb{sup -1}. No excess beyond standard model expectations is observed. A W{prime} with sequential standard model couplings is excluded at 95% confidence level for masses below 1.49 TeV, and a W* (charged chiral boson) for masses below 1.35 TeV.

Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdesselam, Abdelouahab; Abdinov, Ovsat; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Aderholz, Michael; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; /Freiburg U. /Oklahoma U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Geneva U. /Oxford U. /Baku, Inst. Phys. /Oklahoma State U. /Michigan State U. /Tel Aviv U. /Orsay, LAL /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Udine /ICTP, Trieste /Brookhaven /Hampton U. /Yale U. /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. /Munich U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Rutherford

2012-06-20

149

[MRO] Search for resonant diboson production in the WW/WZ???jj decay channels with the ATLAS detector at ?s=7??TeV  

E-print Network

A search for resonant diboson production using a data sample corresponding to 4.7??fb[superscript -1] of integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in pp collisions at ?s=7??TeV ...

Taylor, Frank E.

150

Search for W' boson resonances decaying to a top and a bottom quark and probing anomalous Wtb couplings with 1 fb-1 of D0 Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the first evidence for single top quark production in the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp¯ collider, the single top quark cross section is measured, limits on the masses of heavy W' boson resonances are set and anomalous Wtb couplings are studied.

Badaud, Frédérique

2008-11-01

151

An analytic expression for the double quantum 1H nuclear magnetic resonance build-up and decay from a Gaussian polymer chain with dynamics governed by a single relaxation time.  

PubMed

An analytic result for the double quantum (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance build-up and decay is presented for a polymer chain with Gaussian statistics. The analytic expression is obtained for the particular case of bond vector dynamics governed by a single relaxation time. The result is used to check the accuracy of the commonly used second moment approximation applied to the same problem. This approximation is shown to differ significantly from our exact result over the entire range of relaxation times, set by the relevant interaction constant. We show that this measurement technique is peculiarly sensitive to slow dynamics, and that these slow motions reveal themselves in an experimental time window t that is, curiously, much smaller than the timescale tau of the dynamics being probed. We found t approximately tau(1/3), which enables a wide range of bond vector dynamics to be measured. PMID:19652825

Ries, Michael E; Brereton, Michael G

2009-08-28

152

Low-threshold absolute two-plasmon decay instability in the second harmonic electron cyclotron resonance heating experiments in toroidal devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of the X-mode parametric decay into two short wavelength upper hybrid (UH) plasmons propagating in opposite directions is analyzed. Due to the huge convective power loss of both the UH plasmons along the inhomogeneity direction, the power threshold of the convective parametric decay instability (PDI), which can be excited in the presence of a monotonous density profile is derived to exceed the gyrotron power range currently available. In the presence of the magnetic island possessing the local density maximum at its O-point the daughter UH plasmons can be trapped in the radial direction that suppresses their energy loss from the decay layer in full and makes the power threshold of the convective two-plasmon PDI drastically (three orders of magnitude) lower than in the previous case. The possibility of the absolute PDI being due to the finite size of the pump beam spot is demonstrated as well. The power threshold of the absolute instability is shown to be more than two orders of magnitude lower than the threshold of the convective instability at the monotonous density profile.

Popov, A. Yu; Gusakov, E. Z.

2015-02-01

153

Positive parity states in {sup 208}Pb excited by the proton decay of the isobaric analog intruder resonance j{sub 15/2} in {sup 209}Bi  

SciTech Connect

With the Q3D magnetic spectrograph of the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratorium at Muenchen at a resolution of about 3 keV, angular distributions and excitation functions of the reaction {sup 208}Pb(p,p{sup '}) were measured at some scattering angles 20 deg. - 138 deg. for several proton energies 14.8-18.1 MeV. All seven known isobaric analog resonances in {sup 209}Bi are covered. By the excitation near the j{sub 15/2} intruder resonance in {sup 209}Bi, several new positive parity states in {sup 208}Pb with excitation energies 4.6-6.2 MeV are identified by comparison of the mean cross section to the known single particle widths. The dominant configuration for 27 positive parity states is determined and compared to the schematic shell model.

Heusler, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Riess, F.; Wirth, H.-F. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians--Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Faestermann, T.; Kruecken, R.; Behrens, T.; Bildstein, V.; Eppinger, K.; Herlitzius, C.; Lepyoshkina, O.; Mahgoub, M.; Parikh, A.; Schwertel, S.; Wimmer, K. [Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Pietralla, N. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Werner, V. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8120 (United States); Jolie, J.; Muecher, D. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)

2010-07-15

154

The Eye of the Tornado An isolated high mass protostellar object near the Galactic centre?  

E-print Network

The Eye of the Tornado An isolated high mass protostellar object near the Galactic centre? Michael The Tornado Nebula and its "Eye" The Tornado Nebula (G357.7-0.1) is an unusual non-thermal radio source, called the `Eye' (G357.63-0.06), is located about 30" west of its head. The apparent proximity

Burton, Michael

155

The study of rare decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we study rare decays within the Standard Model. The penguin, box, annihilation, color-favored cascade and color-suppressed cascade contributions are included. Based on our calculation, the annihilation and color-favored cascade diagrams play important roles in the differential branching fractions, forward-backward asymmetries, longitudinal polarizations of the final vector mesons and leptonic longitudinal polarization asymmetries. More importantly, color-favored cascade decays largely enhance the resonance cascade contributions. To avoid the resonance cascade contribution pollution, new cutting regions are put forward.

Ju, Wan-Li; Wang, Guo-Li; Fu, Hui-Feng; Wang, Tian-Hong; Jiang, Yue

2014-04-01

156

Search for a heavy narrow resonance decaying to e?, e?, or ?? with the ATLAS detector in ?{s}=7 TeVpp collisions at the LHC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Letter presents the results of a search for a heavy particle decaying into an e±??, e±??, or ?±?? final state in pp collisions at ?{s}=7 TeV. The data were recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC during 2011 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.6 fb. No significant excess above the Standard Model expectation is observed, and exclusions at 95% confidence level are placed on the cross section times branching ratio for the production of an R-parity-violating supersymmetric tau sneutrino. For a sneutrino mass of 500 (2000) GeV, the observed limits on the production cross section times branching ratio are 3.2 (1.4) fb, 42 (17) fb, and 40 (18) fb for the e?, e?, and ?? modes, respectively. These results considerably extend constraints from Tevatron experiments.

Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allison, L. J.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Altheimer, A.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amor Dos Santos, S. P.; Amorim, A.; Amoroso, S.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M.-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Angelidakis, S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J.-F.; Argyropoulos, S.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Backus Mayes, J.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, S.; Balek, P.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Basye, A.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianchini, L.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bittner, B.; Black, C. W.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blazek, T.; Bloch, I.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. S.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boek, T. T.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortfeldt, J.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Bristow, T. M.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.; Bryngemark, L.; Buanes, T.; Buat, Q.; Bucci, F.; Buchanan, J.

2013-06-01

157

Decay dynamics of ?,?-carboxylic methyl esters (CH3OCOCH:CHR) in the lower-lying excited states--resonance Raman and complete active space self-consistent field calculation study.  

PubMed

The photophysics of two ?,?-carboxylic methyl esters after excitation to the light absorbing S2(??(*)) state were studied by using the resonance Raman spectroscopy and complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) method calculations. The vibrational spectra were assigned on the basis of the experimental measurements and the B3LYP/6-31G(d) computations, as well as the normal mode analysis. The A-band resonance Raman spectra of methyl 2,4-pentadienoate (M24PDA) and methyl trans cronoate (MTCA) were measured to probe the structural dynamics in Franck-Condon region. CASSCF calculations were done to obtain the minimal excitation energies and geometric structures of the lower-lying singlet and triplet excited states, and the curve-crossing points. It was revealed that the short-time structural dynamics of M24PDA was dominated by the C?=C?-C4=C5 stretch coordinate, while that of MTCA was mostly along the C?=C? and the C=O stretch motion. Comparison of the structural dynamics of M24PDA and MTCA with that of 3-methyl-3-pentene-2-one (3M3P2O) indicated that the structural dynamics of MTCA is similar to that of 3M3P2O but different than that of M24PDA in that the variation of the Raman intensity ratios for ?7/?8, (?7+?8)/2?8, (?7+2?8)/3?8, (?7+3?8)/4?8 of MTCA is similar to that of 3M3P2O but different from that of M24PDA. It is found that the substitution of methyl group in the ?(')-position of ?,?-enones by methoxyl group does not substantially affect the short-time structural dynamics, while the substitution of vinyl group in the ?-position changes significantly the short-time structural dynamics and the subsequent decay processes. A detailed decay mechanism is proposed. Two sub-processes which consider the reconjugation and the subsequent charge-transfer reaction of O=C-C?=C? chromophore were postulated to describe the variation of short-time structural dynamics with the different substitution. PMID:25296811

Ouyang, Bing; Xue, Jia-Dan; Zheng, Xuming; Xie, Bin-Bin; Fang, Wei-Hai

2014-10-01

158

Search for Dilepton Resonances in pp Collisions at root s 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

SciTech Connect

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21) fb{sup -1} in the e{sup +}e{sup -} ({mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z' resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z' boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/{bar M}{sup -} = 0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV.

Aad, G.; Abbott, B; Abdallah, J; Abdelalim, AA; Abdesselam, A; Abdinov, O; Abi, B; Abolins, M; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Acerbi, E; Acharya, BS; Adams, DL; Addy, TN; Adelman, J; Aderholz, M; Adomeit, S; Adragna, P; Adye, T; Aefsky, S; Aguilar-Saavedra, JA

2011-12-29

159

Search for Dilepton Resonances in pp Collisions at {radical}(s)=7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

SciTech Connect

This Letter reports on a search for narrow high-mass resonances decaying into dilepton final states. The data were recorded by the ATLAS experiment in pp collisions at {radical}(s)=7 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 1.08 (1.21) fb{sup -1} in the e{sup +}e{sup -} ({mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) channel. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed and upper limits are set at the 95% C.L. on the cross section times branching fraction of Z{sup '} resonances and Randall-Sundrum gravitons decaying into dileptons as a function of the resonance mass. A lower mass limit of 1.83 TeV on the sequential standard model Z{sup '} boson is set. A Randall-Sundrum graviton with coupling k/M{sub Pl}=0.1 is excluded at 95% C.L. for masses below 1.63 TeV.

Aad, G.; Ahles, F.; Beckingham, M.; Bernhard, R.; Bitenc, U.; Bruneliere, R.; Caron, S.; Christov, A.; Consorti, V.; Eckert, S.; Fehling-Kaschek, M.; Flechl, M.; Glatzer, J. [Fakultaet fuer Mathematik und Physik, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, Freiburg i.Br. (Germany); Abbott, B. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma (United States); Abdallah, J.; Bosman, M.; Casado, M. P.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Conidi, M. C.; Demirkoz, B. [Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies and Departament de Fisica de la Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona and ICREA, Barcelona (Spain)

2011-12-30

160

Search for heavy resonances decaying to taus in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last few decades, the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics has been used as a means of understanding the world around us. However, there is an increasing amount of data that suggests the SM of particle physics only describes nature up to energies of the electroweak scale. Extensions to the SM have been developed as a means of explaining experimental observation. If these extensions are indeed the correct mathematical descriptions of nature, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), located at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland, is expected to produce new and exciting physics signatures that can shed light on the evolution of our universe since the early hypothesized Big Bang. Of particular interest are models that may lead to events with highly energetic tau lepton pairs. In this dissertation, focus is placed on a possible search for new heavy gauge bosons decaying to highly energetic tau pairs using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb--1 of proton-proton collisions at s = 7 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The number of observed events in the data is in good agreement with the predictions for SM background processes. In the context of the Sequential SM, a Z' with mass less than 468 GeV/c² is excluded at 95% credibility level, exceeding the sensitivity by the Tevatron experiments at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

Gurrola, Alfredo, III

161

Nuclear Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson provides an overview of basic atomic structure and the concept of radioactive decay. Topics include the particles that make up an atom, binding forces, and the concept of isotopes. There is also discussion of decay methods and half-life versus activity. The lesson includes an activity in which students use online applets to investigate the half-life and activity of selected isotopes and to examine possible decay chains for some others. They will also use a pair of dice to simulate the process of decay.

John Pratte

162

Tidal Interaction in High Mass X-ray Binaries and Symbiotic Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes our recent results on tidal interaction in high mass X-ray binaries and symbiotic stars. We demonstrate that the giant in symbiotic stars with orbital periods ? 1200 d are co-rotating (synchronized). The symbiotics MWC 560 and CD-43^014304 probably have high orbital eccentricity. The giants in symbiotic binaries rotate faster than the field giants, likely their rotation is accelerated by the tidal force of the white dwarf. The giant/supergiant High mass X-ray binaries with orbital periods ? 40 d are synchronized. However the Be/X-ray binaries are not synchronized. In the Be/X-ray binaries the circumstellar disks are denser and smaller than those in isolated Be stars, probably truncated by the orbiting neutron star.

Zamanov, Radoslav K.

163

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURE IN A HIGH-MASS OUTFLOW/DISK SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

To characterize the magnetic field structure of the outflow and core region within a prototypical high-mass star-forming region, we analyzed polarized CO(3-2)-for the first time observed with the Submillimeter Array-as well as 880 {mu}m submillimeter continuum emission from the high-mass outflow/disk system IRAS 18089-1732. Both emission features with polarization degrees at a few percent level indicate that the magnetic field structure is largely aligned with the outflow/jet orientation from small core scales to larger outflow scales. Although quantitative estimates are crude, the analysis indicates that turbulent energy dominates over magnetic energy. The data also suggest a magnetic field strength increase from the lower-density envelope to the higher-density core.

Beuther, H. [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Vlemmings, W. H. T. [Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, Auf dem Huegel 71, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Rao, R. [Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Van der Tak, F. F. S., E-mail: beuther@mpia.d, E-mail: wouter@astro.uni-bonn.d, E-mail: rrao@sma.hawaii.ed, E-mail: vdtak@sron.n [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen (Netherlands)

2010-11-20

164

6.7 GHz Methanol Masers Associated with Jets in Very Early High Mass Protostars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

6.7 GHz (or class II) methanol masers have been detected exclusively toward high mass star forming regions and may be a tracer of an accretion disk around a highly embedded high mass protostar. Several studies have shown a lack of radio continuum associated with methanol maser emission, which could indicate that these masers are related to the earliest stages of high mass star formation. We recently performed a large, high sensitive (~3-10 uJy) Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) survey to search for radio continuum emission from a sample of hot molecular cores and infrared dark cloud cores, previously undetected in the radio continuum at 1 mJy sensitivity. The morphology and spectrum of most of our radio detections are consistent with being ionized jets. As models of star formation predict that jets are collimated by accretion disks, we have selected 6 prominent examples of ionized jet candidates to study the behavior of the masers with respect to the jet and to understand the role that both disks and jets play in the process of high mass star formation. Using the VLA, we performed simultaneous observations of the radio continuum and the 6.7 GHz methanol maser, obtaining accurate relative positions between them. From the accuracy of our observations, we found that all the methanol masers detected are associated with the radio continuum from the jet. Furthermore, for some sources the maser spots show a linear distribution with a velocity gradient nearly perpendicular to the ionized jet, a further indication of emission from an accretion disk.

Rosero, Viviana; Hofner, Peter; Claussen, Mark J.; Kurtz, Stan; Cesaroni, Riccardo; Moscadelli, Luca

2015-01-01

165

Methanol masers : Reliable tracers of the early stages of high-mass star formation  

E-print Network

The GLIMPSE and MSX surveys have been used to examine the mid-infrared properties of a statistically complete sample of 6.7 GHz methanol masers. The GLIMPSE point sources associated with methanol masers are clearly distinguished from the majority, typically having extremely red mid-infrared colors, similar to those expected of low-mass class 0 young stellar objects. The intensity of the GLIMPSE sources associated with methanol masers is typically 4 magnitudes brighter at 8.0 micron than at 3.6 micron. Targeted searches towards GLIMPSE point sources with [3.6]-[4.5] > 1.3 and an 8.0 micron magnitude less than 10 will detect more than 80% of class II methanol masers. Many of the methanol masers are associated with sources within infrared dark clouds (IRDC) which are believed to mark regions where high-mass star formation is in its very early stages. The presence of class II methanol masers in a significant fraction of IRDC suggests that high-mass star formation is common in these regions. Different maser species are thought to trace different evolutionary phases of the high-mass star formation process. Comparison of the properties of the GLIMPSE sources associated with class II methanol masers and other maser species shows interesting trends, consistent with class I methanol masers tracing a generally earlier evolutionary phase and OH masers tracing a later evolutionary phase.

S. P. Ellingsen

2005-10-07

166

The HOBYS Key Program: When Herschel links high-mass star formation to cloud structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With its unprecedented spatial resolution and high sensitivity in the far-infrared to submillimetre regime, {Herschel} is revolutionizing our understanding of star formation. The HOBYS key program is an {Herschel} mapping survey dedicated to the formation of OB-type stars (Motte, Zavagno, Bontemps et al. 2010; see {http://hobys-herschel.cea.fr}. HOBYS aims at 1) discovering and characterizing the progenitors of high-mass stars, 2) making the link between the latters and their filamentary background, and 3) assessing the importance of triggering. Among the HOBYS highlights is the discovery of ``mini-starburst ridges" defined as high-density dominating filaments supersonically contracting and efficiently forming clusters of high-mass stars. Their existence is predicted by dynamical models of cloud formation such as converging flows and is favoring a (high-mass) star formation scenario involving gas flows and global infall. The present star formation rate measured within these ridges is high enough for these 1-10 pc^2 regions to be considered as miniature and instantaneous models of extragalactic starbursts.

Motte, F.; Bontemps, S.; Hennemann, M.; Nguyen Luong, Q.; Schneider, N.; Didelon, P.; Zavagno, A.

2012-12-01

167

SiO outflows in high-mass star forming regions: A potential chemical clock?  

E-print Network

Some theoretical models propose that O-B stars form via accretion, in a similar fashion to low-mass stars. Jet-driven molecular outflows play an important role in this scenario, and their study can help to understand the process of high-mass star formation and the different evolutionary phases involved. Observations towards low-mass protostars so far favour an evolutionary picture in which jets are always associated with Class 0 objects while more evolved Class I/II objects show less evidence of powerful jets. The present study aims at checking whether an analogous picture can be found in the high-mass case. The IRAM 30-m telescope (Spain) has been used to perform single-pointing SiO(2-1) and (3-2) observations towards a sample of 57 high-mass molecular clumps in different evolutionary stages. Continuum data at different wavelengths, from mid-IR to 1.2 mm, have been gathered to build the spectral energy distributions of all the clumps and estimate their bolometric luminosities. SiO emission at high velocities...

López-Sepulcre, A; Cesaroni, R; Codella, C; Schuller, F; Bronfman, L; Carey, S J; Menten, K M; Molinari, S; Noriega-Crespo, A

2010-01-01

168

Hadron resonance probes of QGP  

E-print Network

We discuss the indirect and direct role of the short-lived resonances as probes of QGP freeze-out process. The indirect effect is the distortion of stable single particle yields and spectra by contributions of decaying resonances, which alter significantly the parameters obtained in fits to experimental data. We than discuss the direct observation of short-lived resonances as a probe of post-hadronization dynamics allowing to distinguish between different hadronization models.

Giorgio Torrieri; Johann Rafelski

2004-10-25

169

Resonances and resonance widths  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional betatron resonances are much more important than their simple one-dimensional counterparts and exhibit a strong dependence on the betatron phase advance per cell. A practical definition of ''width'' is expanded upon in order to display these relations in tables. A primarily pedagogical introduction is given to explain the tables, and also to encourage a wider capability for deriving resonance behavior and wider use of ''designer'' resonances.

Collins, T.

1986-05-01

170

Giant Molecular Clouds and High-Mass Star Formation in the Milky Way  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are conducting an extensive investigation of high-mass (OB) star formation within the dense cores of giant molecular clouds (GMCS) throughout the first Galactic quadrant of the Milky Way using enhanced resolution Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) images in combination with high-resolution ground-based observations in millimeter wave molecular transitions and radio continuum. As part of this investigation several resolution enhancement algorithms are applied to the IRAS data, including the HIgh RESolution (HIRES) algorithm developed at the IRAS Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), as well as others ("pixon" image reconstruction). In addition, as part of a related study, we have completed a large survey of the CO emission in the first Galactic quadrant using the 15-element array detector (QUARRY) with the Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory (FCRAO) 14 m antenna, which provides sampling at an angular resolution of 50", comparable to that attained in the reprocessed IRAS data. Both of these data sets are compared with a sample of ultra-compact (UC) H II regions taken from a high-resolution multi-wavelength (6 and 20 cm) radio survey of the Galactic plane using the NRAO Very Large Array (VLA). Selected regions are observed in 1.3 mm continuum, which has proven to be particularly sensitive to the dust column density. Extensive observations of molecular clouds at high resolution in CO, CS and HCN are combined with the reprocessed IRAS high-resolution images to give a more complete picture of the physical conditions and kinematics of high-mass star forming GMCS. Our goals are to study in detail the morphology, structure, and rate of high-mass star formation within GMCs throughout the Galactic disk from the inner edge of the molecular ring to the outer Galaxy.

1998-01-01

171

SEARCH FOR IONIZED JETS TOWARD HIGH-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect

We are carrying out multi-frequency radio continuum observations, using the Australia Telescope Compact Array, to systematically search for collimated ionized jets toward high-mass young stellar objects (HMYSOs). Here we report observations at 1.4, 2.4, 4.8, and 8.6 GHz, made with angular resolutions of about 7'', 4'', 2'', and 1'', respectively, toward six objects of a sample of 33 southern HMYSOs thought to be in very early stages of evolution. The objects in the sample were selected from radio and infrared catalogs by having positive radio spectral indices and being luminous (L{sub bol} > 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }), but underluminous in radio emission compared with that expected from its bolometric luminosity. This criterion makes the radio sources good candidates for being ionized jets. As part of this systematic search, two ionized jets have been discovered: one previously published and the other reported here. The rest of the observed candidates correspond to three hypercompact H II regions and two ultracompact H II regions. The two jets discovered are associated with two of the most luminous (7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} and 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} L{sub Sun }) HMYSOs known to harbor this type of object, showing that the phenomena of collimated ionized winds appear in the formation process of stars at least up to masses of {approx}20 M{sub Sun} and provide strong evidence for a disk-mediated accretion scenario for the formation of high-mass stars. From the incidence of jets in our sample, we estimate that the jet phase in high-mass protostars lasts for {approx}4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} yr.

Guzman, Andres E.; Garay, Guido [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Camino el Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago (Chile); Brooks, Kate J.; Voronkov, Maxim A. [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping 1710 NSW (Australia)

2012-07-01

172

Search for a low-mass scalar Higgs boson decaying to a tau pair in single-photon decays of ?(1S)  

E-print Network

We search for a low-mass scalar CP-odd Higgs boson, A[superscript 0], produced in the radiative decay of the upsilon resonance and decaying into a ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] pair: ?(1S) ? ?A[superscript 0]. The ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

173

Monte Carlo Simulator to Study High Mass X-Ray Binary System  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a Monte Carlo simulator for astrophysical objects, which incorporate the transportation of X-ray photons in photoionized plasma. We applied the code to X-ray spectra of high mass X-ray binaries, Vela X-1 and GX 301-2, obtained with Chandra HETGS. By utilizing the simulator, we have successfully reproduced many emission lines observed from Vela X-1. The ionization structure and the matter distribution in the Vela X-1 system are deduced. For GX 301-2, we have derived the physical parameters of material surrounding the neutron star from fully resolved shape of the Compton shoulder in the iron K{alpha} line.

Watanabe, Shin; Nagase, Fumiaki; Takahashi, Tadayuki; /Sagamihara, Inst. Space Astron. Sci.; Sako, Masao; Kahn, Steve M.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Ishida, Manabu; Ishisaki,; /Tokyo Metropolitan U.; Paerels, Frederik; /Columbia U.

2005-07-08

174

Stellar formation triggered by high-mass X-ray binaries?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will report on recent multi-wavelength (mainly optical/infrared) observations of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), composed of a neutron star orbiting massive, luminous and active stars. In particular, I will show recent and intriguing observations of the environment of HMXBs, obtained by the Herschel satellite, revealing that stellar formation can potentially be triggered by the wind emanating from massive stars in HMXBs. This case study allows (1) to study the structure of the close environment of these massive stars in binaries and (2) to answer questions related to feedback: how do outflows alter the environment and how does react the environment?

Chaty, Sylvain

2014-09-01

175

DEM L241, A SUPERNOVA REMNANT CONTAINING A HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARY  

SciTech Connect

A Chandra observation of the Large Magellanic Cloud supernova remnant DEM L241 reveals an interior unresolved source which is probably an accretion-powered binary. The optical counterpart is an O5III(f) star making this a high-mass X-ray binary with an orbital period likely to be of the order of tens of days. Emission from the remnant interior is thermal and spectral information is used to derive density and mass of the hot material. Elongation of the remnant is unusual and possible causes of this are discussed. The precursor star probably had mass >25 M {sub Sun}.

Seward, F. D. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Charles, P. A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Foster, D. L. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, Cape Town (South Africa); Dickel, J. R.; Romero, P. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, 1919 Lomas Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States); Edwards, Z. I.; Perry, M.; Williams, R. M. [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Columbus State University, Coca Cola Space Science Center, 701 Front Avenue, Columbus, GA 31901 (United States)

2012-11-10

176

Orbital parameters of the high-mass X-ray binary 4U 2206+54  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present new radial velocities of the high-mass X-ray binary star 4U 2206+54 based on optical spectra obtained with the Coudé spectrograph at the 2 m RCC telescope of the Rozhen National Astronomical Observatory, Bulgaria in the period November 2011-July 2013. The radial velocity curve of the He I ?6678 Å line is modeled with an orbital period P_orb = 9.568 d and an eccentricity of e = 0.3. These new measurements of the radial velocity resolve the disagreements of the orbital period discussions. Based on observations obtained with the 2 m RCC telescope at Rozhen NAO, Bulgaria.

Stoyanov, K. A.; Zamanov, R. K.; Latev, G. Y.; Abedin, A. Y.; Tomov, N. A.

2014-12-01

177

Chemical characterization of the early evolutionary phases of high-mass star-forming regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of high-mass stars is a very complex process and up to date no comprehensive theory about it exists. This thesis studies the early stages of high-mass star-forming regions and employs astrochemistry as a tool to probe their different physical conditions. We split the evolutionary sequence into four observationally motivated stages that are based on a classification proposed in the literature. The sequence is characterized by an increase of the temperatures and densities that strongly influences the chemistry in the different stages. We observed a sample of 59 high-mass star-forming regions that cover the whole sequence and statistically characterized the chemical compositions of the different stages. We determined average column densities of 18 different molecular species and found generally increasing abundances with stage. We fitted them for each stage with a 1D model, such that the result of the best fit to the previous stage was used as new input for the following. This is a unique approach and allowed us to infer physical properties like the temperature and density structure and yielded a typical chemical lifetime for the high-mass star-formation process of 1e5 years. The 18 analyzed molecular species also included four deuterated molecules whose chemistry is particularly sensitive to thermal history and thus is a promising tool to infer chemical ages. We found decreasing trends of the D/H ratios with evolutionary stage for 3 of the 4 molecular species and that the D/H ratio depends more on the fraction of warm and cold gas than on the total amount of gas. That indicates different chemical pathways for the different molecules and confirms the potential use of deuterated species as chemical age indicators. In addition, we mapped a low-mass star forming region in order to study the cosmic ray ionization rate, which is an important parameter in chemical models. While in chemical models it is commonly fixed, we found that it ! strongly varies with environment.

Gerner, Thomas

2014-10-01

178

SiO outflows in high-mass star forming regions: A potential chemical clock?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some theoretical models propose that O-B stars form via accretion, in a\\u000asimilar fashion to low-mass stars. Jet-driven molecular outflows play an\\u000aimportant role in this scenario, and their study can help to understand the\\u000aprocess of high-mass star formation and the different evolutionary phases\\u000ainvolved. Observations towards low-mass protostars so far favour an\\u000aevolutionary picture in which jets are

A. López-Sepulcre; C. M. Walmsley; R. Cesaroni; C. Codella; F. Schuller; L. Bronfman; S. J. Carey; K. M. Menten; S. Molinari; A. Noriega-Crespo

2010-01-01

179

The critical role of disks in the formation of high-mass stars.  

PubMed

Although massive stars (commonly defined as those in excess of about eight solar masses, or with initial luminosities of a thousand times the solar luminosity or more) have an enormous impact on the galactic environment, how they form has been a mystery. The solution probably involves the existence of accretion disks. Rotational motions have been found in the gas surrounding young high-mass stars, which suggests that non-spherical accretion could be the fundamental ingredient of the massive-star formation recipe. PMID:17151657

Cesaroni, Riccardo; Galli, Daniele; Lodato, Giuseppe; Walmsley, Malcolm; Zhang, Qizhou

2006-12-01

180

Kinematics of water masers in high-mass star forming regions  

E-print Network

We have conducted multi-epoch EVN observations of the 22.2 GHz water masers towards four high-mass star forming regions (Sh 2-255 IR, IRAS 23139+5939, WB89-234, and OMC2). The (three) observing epochs span a time range of 6 months. In each region, the water maser emission likely originates close (within a few hundreds of AU) to a forming high-mass YSO. Several maser features (~10) have been detected for each source and, for those features persistent over the three epochs, proper motions have been derived. The amplitudes of the proper motions are found to be larger than the range of variation of the line-of-sight velocities and in each of the observed sources the proper motion orientation seems to indicate an expansion motion. The gas kinematics traced by the 22.2 GHz water masers is compatible with the shock-excited nature of water maser emission. Three different kinematic models (a spherical expanding shell, a Keplerian rotating disk, and a conical outflow) were fitted to the 3-dimensional velocity field of the detected maser features. The results of these fits, together with the comparison of the VLBI maps with the highest-resolution images of the sources in several thermal tracers, suggest that the water maser features are most likely tracing the inner portion of the molecular outflows detected at much larger-scales.

C. Goddi; L. Moscadelli; W. Alef; A. Tarchi; J. Brand; M. Pani

2004-11-06

181

Ultra-high-mass mass spectrometry with charge discrimination using cryogenic detectors  

DOEpatents

An ultra-high-mass time-of-flight mass spectrometer using a cryogenic particle detector as an ion detector with charge discriminating capabilities. Cryogenic detectors have the potential for significantly improving the performance and sensitivity of time-of-flight mass spectrometers, and compared to ion multipliers they exhibit superior sensitivity for high-mass, slow-moving macromolecular ions and can be used as "stop" detectors in time-of-flight applications. In addition, their energy resolving capability can be used to measure the charge state of the ions. Charge discrimination is very valuable in all time-of-flight mass spectrometers. Using a cryogenically-cooled Nb-Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 -Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junction (STJ) detector operating at 1.3 K as an ion detector in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer for large biomolecules it was found that the STJ detector has charge discrimination capabilities. Since the cryogenic STJ detector responds to ion energy and does not rely on secondary electron production, as in the conventionally used microchannel plate (MCP) detectors, the cryogenic detector therefore detects large molecular ions with a velocity-independent efficiency approaching 100%.

Frank, Matthias (Berkeley, CA); Mears, Carl A. (Oakland, CA); Labov, Simon E. (Berkeley, CA); Benner, W. Henry (Danville, CA)

1999-01-01

182

BIMA Observations of Early Stages of High-Mass Star Formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To systematically search for high mass protostars without any free-free emission, meaning that no UC HII has formed yet, we studied 70 candidate sources, selected according to their FIR radiation characteristics and their non-detection in Galaxy wide cm continuum surveys (Ramesh & Sridharan 1997), in the water vapor and ammonia lines with the 100 m and, in case of detections, with the 30 m telescope (Menten et al. 1999; Sridharan et al. 1999). This lead to the detection of several new water masers, ubiquitous outflow activity, and several new hot core sources as evident from bright CH3CN emission. As a follow up we started interferometric observations of selected sources using the BIMA array. Here we present observations of IRAS 18089-1732, a source at a distance of 3.6 kpc with about 4 x 104 solar luminosities derived from the IRAS fluxes. The massive core is seen in 3 mm dust continuum emission and is associated with compact (~ 0.03 pc) and hot (T ~ 100 K) strong line emission of CH3CN suggesting an enhancement and heating of this molecule through very recent evaporation of dust grains by a newly born high mass (proto) star.

Wyrowski, Friedrich; Sridharan, T. K.; Menten, Karl M.; Schilke, Peter

1999-10-01

183

Coupled Fluids-Radiation Analysis of a High-Mass Mars Entry Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NEQAIR line-by-line radiation code has been incorporated into the DPLR Navier-Stokes flow solver such that the NEQAIR subroutines are now callable functions of DPLR. The coupled DPLR-NEQAIR code was applied to compute the convective and radiative heating rates over high-mass Mars entry vehicles. Two vehicle geometries were considered - a 15 m diameter 70-degree sphere cone configuration and a slender, mid-L/D vehicle with a diameter of 5 m called an Ellipsled. The entry masses ranged from 100 to 165 metric tons. Solutions were generated for entry velocities ranging from 6.5 to 9.1 km/s. The coupled fluids-radiation solutions were performed at the peak heating location along trajectories generated by the Traj trajectory analysis code. The impact of fluids-radiation coupling is a function of the level of radiative heating and the freestream density and velocity. For the high-mass Mars vehicles examined in this study, coupling effects were greatest for entry velocities above 8.5 km/s where the surface radiative heating was reduced by up 17%. Generally speaking, the Ellipsled geometry experiences a lower peak radiative heating rate but a higher peak turbulent convective heating rate than the MSL-based vehicle.

Palmer, Grant; Allen, Gary; Tang, Chun; Brown, Jim

2011-01-01

184

High Mass X-ray Binaries in Nearby Star-forming Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Mass X-ray Binaries (HMXBs), in which a compact object, either black hole or neutron star, is accreting material from a young, massive donor star, often dominate the high-energy emission from nearby star-forming galaxies. These high mass pairs are believed to form in star clusters, where most massive star formation takes place, but to become displaced from their parent clusters either because they are dynamically ejected or because their parent cluster has dissolved. We have conducted a systematic study of the formation and evolution of bright HMXBs in eight nearby galaxies, by detecting HMXBs from their X-ray emission in Chandra X-ray Observatory observations, and identifying their parent clusters and donor stars in optical observations taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. We use the X-ray and optical properties of these systems to determine the ages of the binaries, whether the compact objects are black holes or neutron stars, and to constrain the masses of the donor stars.

Rangelov, Blagoy

185

Electromagnetic production of hyperon resonances  

SciTech Connect

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the {Lambda}(1405) resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the {Sigma}(1385) resonance; data from K* photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported K{sub 0}(800)$ meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

K. Hicks, D. Keller, W. Tang

2011-10-01

186

Electromagnetic production of hyperon resonances  

SciTech Connect

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the {Lambda}(1405) resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the {Sigma}(1385) resonance; data from K* photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported K{sub 0}(800) meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

Hicks, K.; Keller, D.; Tang, W. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens OH 45701 (United States)

2011-10-24

187

Electromagnetic production of hyperon resonances  

E-print Network

The study of hyperon resonances has entered a new era of precision with advent of high-statistics photoproduction data from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. These data have multi-particle final states, allowing clean identification of exclusive reactions associated with strange mesons and baryons. Examples of physics results are: evidence for isospin interference in the decay of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance; a strong suggestion of meson cloud effects in the structure of the $\\Sigma(1385)$ resonance; data from $K^*$ photoproduction that will test the existence of the purported $K_0(800)$ meson. Properties of other hyperon resonances will also be studied in the near future.

K. Hicks; D. Keller; W. Tang

2010-12-14

188

Measurements of the properties of D-meson decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a study of the decay properties of charmed D mesons produced near the peak of the psi''(3770) resonance in e+e- annihilation. Branching fractions for nine Cabibbo-favored and three Cabibbo-suppressed decay modes are presented along with upper limits on one additional Cabibbo-favored and four additional Cabibbo-suppressed decay modes. A study of Kpipi-decay-mode Dalitz plots reveals a large quasi-two-body pseudoscalar-vector

R. H. Schindler; M. S. Alam; A. M. Boyarski; M. Breidenbach; D. L. Burke; J. Dorenbosch; J. M. Dorfan; G. J. Feldman; M. E. B. Franklin; G. Hanson; K. G. Hayes; T. Himel; D. G. Hitlin; R. J. Hollebeek; W. R. Innes; J. A. Jaros; P. Jenni; R. R. Larsen; V. Lueth; M. L. Perl; B. Richter; A. Roussarie; D. L. Scharre; R. F. Schwitters; J. L. Siegrist; H. Taureg; M. Tonutti; R. A. Vidal; J. M. Weiss; H. Zaccone; G. Abrams; C. A. Blocker; A. Blondel; W. C. Carithers; W. Chinowsky; M. W. Coles; S. Cooper; W. E. Dieterle; J. B. Dillion; M. W. Eaton; G. Gidal; G. Goldhaber; A. D. Johnson; J. A. Kadyk; A. J. Lankford; R. E. Millikan; M. E. Nelson; C. Y. Pang; J. F. Patrick; J. Strait; G. H. Trilling; E. N. Vella; I. Videau

1981-01-01

189

Vibrationally resolved decay width of interatomic Coulombic decay in HeNe.  

PubMed

We investigate the ionization of HeNe from below the He 1s3p excitation to the He ionization threshold. We observe HeNe+ ions with an enhancement by more than a factor of 60 when the He side couples resonantly to the radiation field. These ions are an experimental proof of a two-center resonant photoionization mechanism predicted by Najjari et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153002 (2010)]. Furthermore, our data provide electronic and vibrational state resolved decay widths of interatomic Coulombic decay in HeNe dimers. We find that the interatomic Coulombic decay lifetime strongly increases with increasing vibrational state. PMID:24476268

Trinter, F; Williams, J B; Weller, M; Waitz, M; Pitzer, M; Voigtsberger, J; Schober, C; Kastirke, G; Müller, C; Goihl, C; Burzynski, P; Wiegandt, F; Wallauer, R; Kalinin, A; Schmidt, L Ph H; Schöffler, M S; Chiang, Y-C; Gokhberg, K; Jahnke, T; Dörner, R

2013-12-01

190

Methanol masers as tools to study high-mass star formation  

E-print Network

In this contribution I will attempt to show that the study of galactic 6.7 and 12.2GHz methanol masers themselves, as opposed to the use of methanol masers as signposts, can yield important conclusions contributing to the understanding of high-mass star formation. Due to their exclusive association with star formation, methanol masers are the best tools to do this, and their large number allows to probe the entire Galaxy. In particular I will focus on the determination of the luminosity function of methanol masers and on the determination of an unambiguous signature for a circumstellar masing disc seen edge-on. Finally I will try to point out some future fields of research in the study of methanol masers.

Michele Pestalozzi

2007-04-23

191

Low temperature growth of ultra-high mass density carbon nanotube forests on conductive supports  

SciTech Connect

We grow ultra-high mass density carbon nanotube forests at 450 °C on Ti-coated Cu supports using Co-Mo co-catalyst. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows Mo strongly interacts with Ti and Co, suppressing both aggregation and lifting off of Co particles and, thus, promoting the root growth mechanism. The forests average a height of 0.38 ?m and a mass density of 1.6 g cm{sup ?3}. This mass density is the highest reported so far, even at higher temperatures or on insulators. The forests and Cu supports show ohmic conductivity (lowest resistance ?22 k?), suggesting Co-Mo is useful for applications requiring forest growth on conductors.

Sugime, Hisashi; Esconjauregui, Santiago; Yang, Junwei; D'Arsié, Lorenzo; Robertson, John [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom)] [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Oliver, Rachel A. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0FS (United Kingdom)] [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0FS (United Kingdom); Bhardwaj, Sunil [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy) [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy); Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Strada Statale 14, Km 163.5, Trieste I-34149 (Italy); Cepek, Cinzia [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy)] [Istituto Officina dei Materiali-CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Trieste I-34149 (Italy)

2013-08-12

192

Further properties of high-mass multijet events at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The properties of high-mass multijet events produced at the Fermilab proton-antiproton collider are compared with leading order QCD matrix element predictions, QCD parton shower Monte Carlo predictions, and the predictions from a model in which events are distributed uniformly over the available multibody phase space. Multijet distributions corresponding to (4N-4) variables that span the N-body parameter space are found to be well described by the QCD calculations for inclusive three-jet, four-jet, and five-jet events. The agreement between data, QCD matrix element calculations, and QCD parton shower Monte Carlo predictions suggests that 2-->2 scattering plus gluon radiation provides a good first approximation to the full LO QCD matrix element for events with three, four, or even five jets in the final state.

Abe, F.; Akimoto, H.; Akopian, A.; Albrow, M. G.; Amendolia, S. R.; Amidei, D.; Antos, J.; Anway-Wiese, C.; Aota, S.; Apollinari, G.; Asakawa, T.; Ashmanskas, W.; Atac, M.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Badgett, W.; Bagdasarov, S.; Bailey, M. W.; Bao, J.; de Barbaro, P.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barzi, E.; Bauer, G.; Baumann, T.; Bedeschi, F.; Behrends, S.; Belforte, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Benlloch, J.; Bensinger, J.; Benton, D.; Beretvas, A.; Berge, J. P.; Berryhill, J.; Bertolucci, S.; Bhatti, A.; Biery, K.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Blair, R. E.; Blocker, C.; Bodek, A.; Bokhari, W.; Bolognesi, V.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Breccia, L.; Bromberg, C.; Bruner, N.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Byon-Wagner, A.; Byrum, K. L.; Cammerata, J.; Campagnari, C.; Campbell, M.; Caner, A.; Carithers, W.; Carlsmith, D.; Castro, A.; Cauz, D.; Cen, Y.; Cervelli, F.; Chang, P. S.; Chang, P. T.; Chao, H. Y.; Chapman, J.; Cheng, M.-T.; Chiarelli, G.; Chikamatsu, T.; Chiou, C. N.; Christofek, L.; Cihangir, S.; Clark, A. G.; Cobal, M.; Contreras, M.; Conway, J.; Cooper, J.; Cordelli, M.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Crane, D.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Culbertson, R.; Cunningham, J. D.; Daniels, T.; Dejongh, F.; Delchamps, S.; dell'agnello, S.; dell'orso, M.; Demina, R.; Demortier, L.; Denby, B.; Deninno, M.; Derwent, P. F.; Devlin, T.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; Done, J.; Dorigo, T.; Dunn, A.; Eddy, N.; Einsweiler, K.; Elias, J. E.; Ely, R.; Engels, E.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Fan, Q.; Fiori, I.; Flaugher, B.; Foster, G. W.; Franklin, M.; Frautschi, M.; Freeman, J.; Friedman, J.; Frisch, H.; Fuess, T. A.; Fukui, Y.; Funaki, S.; Gagliardi, G.; Galeotti, S.; Gallinaro, M.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Gay, C.; Geer, S.; Gerdes, D. W.; Giannetti, P.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Gladney, L.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Gonzalez, J.; Gordon, A.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Grassmann, H.; Groer, L.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Guillian, G.; Guo, R. S.; Haber, C.; Hafen, E.; Hahn, S. R.; Hamilton, R.; Handler, R.; Hans, R. M.; Hara, K.; Hardman, A. D.; Harral, B.; Harris, R. M.; Hauger, S. A.; Hauser, J.; Hawk, C.; Hayashi, E.; Heinrich, J.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hohlmann, M.; Holck, C.; Hollebeek, R.; Holloway, L.; Hölscher, A.; Hong, S.; Houk, G.; Hu, P.; Huffman, B. T.; Hughes, R.; Huston, J.; Huth, J.; Hylen, J.; Ikeda, H.; Incagli, M.; Incandela, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iwai, J.; Iwata, Y.; Jensen, H.; Joshi, U.; Kadel, R. W.; Kajfasz, E.; Kambara, H.; Kamon, T.; Kaneko, T.; Karr, K.; Kasha, H.; Kato, Y.; Keaffaber, T. A.; Keeble, L.; Kelley, K.; Kennedy, R. D.; Kephart, R.; Kesten, P.; Kestenbaum, D.; Keup, R. M.; Keutelian, H.; Keyvan, F.; Kharadia, B.; Kim, B. J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kirsch, L.; Koehn, P.; Kondo, K.; Konigsberg, J.; Kopp, S.; Kordas, K.; Korytov, A.; Koska, W.; Kovacs, E.; Kowald, W.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuwabara, T.; Kuhlmann, S. E.; Kuns, E.; Laasanen, A. T.; Labanca, N.; Lammel, S.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Lecompte, T.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limon, P.; Lindgren, M.; Liss, T. M.; Lockyer, N.; Long, O.; Loomis, C.; Loreti, M.; Lu, J.; Lucchesi, D.; Lukens, P.; Lusin, S.; Lys, J.; Maeshima, K.; Maghakian, A.; Maksimovic, P.; Mangano, M.; Mansour, J.; Mariotti, M.; Marriner, J. P.; Martin, A.; Matthews, J. A.; Mattingly, R.; McIntyre, P.; Melese, P.; Menzione, A.; Meschi, E.; Metzler, S.; Miao, C.; Miao, T.; Michail, G.; Miller, R.; Minato, H.; Miscetti, S.; Mishina, M.; Mitsushio, H.; Miyamoto, T.; Miyashita, S.; Moggi, N.; Morita, Y.; Mueller, J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, T.; Murat, P.; Nakada, H.; Nakano, I.; Nelson, C.; Neuberger, D.; Newman-Holmes, C.; Ninomiya, M.; Nodulman, L.; Oh, S. H.; Ohl, K. E.; Ohmoto, T.; Ohsugi, T.; Oishi, R.; Okabe, M.; Okusawa, T.; Oliveira, R.; Olsen, J.; Pagliarone, C.; Paoletti, R.; Papadimitriou, V.; Pappas, S. P.; Park, S.; Parri, A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Perazzo, A.; Pescara, L.; Peters, M. D.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pillai, M.; Pitts, K. T.; Plunkett, R.; Pondrom, L.; Proudfoot, J.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ragan, K.; Ribon, A.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robertson, W. J.; Rodrigo, T.; Rolli, S.; Romano, J.; Rosenson, L.; Roser, R.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Saltzberg, D.; Sansoni, A.; Santi, L.; Sato, H.; Scarpine, V.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schmidt, M. P.; Scribano, A.; Segler, S.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Sganos, G.; Shapiro, M. D.; Shaw, N. M.; Shen, Q.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Siegrist, J.; Sill, A.; Sinervo, P.; Singh, P.; Skarha, J.; Sliwa, K.; Snider, F. D.; Song, T.; Spalding, J.; Speer, T.; Sphicas, P.; Spinella, F.; Spiropulu, M.; Spiegel, L.; Stanco, L.; Steele, J.; Stefanini, A.; Strahl, K.; Strait, J.

1996-10-01

193

Rapid multiperiodic variability in a high-mass X-ray binary  

E-print Network

Positions of High-Mass X-ray Binaries are often known precisely enough to unambiguously identify the optical component, and a number of those stars are monitored by the OGLE and MACHO collaborations. The light curves of two such candidates are examined for evidence of Be star behavior and for periodicity. One of the stars exhibits two periods of 6.833 and 15.586 hours, much shorter and more stable than periods of Be/X-Ray Binaries that are attributed to the Be star's disk, but consistent with short-term Be variability attributed to pulsations. The multiperiodicity is quantified with Fourier techniques and examined for phase stability; a combination of radial and non-radial pulsations is discussed.

Daniel Fabrycky

2004-07-29

194

Stability of high-mass molecular libraries: the role of the oligoporphyrin core.  

PubMed

Molecular beam techniques are a key to many experiments in physical chemistry and quantum optics. In particular, advanced matter-wave experiments with high-mass molecules profit from the availability of slow, neutral and mass-selected molecular beams that are sufficiently stable to remain intact during laser heating and photoionization mass spectrometry. We present experiments on the photostability with molecular libraries of tailored oligoporphyrins with masses up to 25?000?Da. We compare two fluoroalkylsulfanyl-functionalized libraries based on two different molecular cores that offer the same number of anchor points for functionalization but differ in their geometry and electronic properties. A pentaporphyrin core stabilizes a library of chemically well-defined molecules with more than 1600 atoms. They can be neutrally desorbed with velocities as low as 20?m/s and efficiently analyzed in photoionization mass spectrometry. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25601698

Sezer, U?ur; Schmid, Philipp; Felix, Lukas; Mayor, Marcel; Arndt, Markus

2015-01-01

195

ARE MOLECULAR OUTFLOWS AROUND HIGH-MASS STARS DRIVEN BY IONIZATION FEEDBACK?  

SciTech Connect

The formation of massive stars exceeding 10 M {sub Sun} usually results in large-scale molecular outflows. Numerical simulations, including ionization, of the formation of such stars show evidence for ionization-driven molecular outflows. Here we examine whether the outflows seen in these models reproduce the observations. We compute synthetic ALMA and CARMA maps of CO emission lines of the outflows, and compare their signatures to existing single-dish and interferometric data. We find that the ionization-driven models can only reproduce weak outflows around high-mass star-forming regions. We argue that expanding H II regions probably do not represent the dominant mechanism for driving observed outflows. We suggest instead that observed outflows are driven by the collective action of the outflows from the many lower-mass stars that inevitably form around young massive stars in a cluster.

Peters, Thomas; Klessen, Ralf S. [Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Zentrum fuer Astronomie, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Klaassen, Pamela D. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Banerjee, Robi, E-mail: tpeters@physik.uzh.ch [Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)

2012-11-20

196

Tooth decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teeth can decay and break or fall out of the gum line if they become damaged. One way in which they can be damaged is if dental plaque builds up on teeth. Plaque consists mostly of bacteria, and these bacteria cause cavities to be made in teeth if they are not removed on a regular basis.

N/A N/A (None;)

2005-05-21

197

Radioactive Decay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by William Barker and David Smith for the Connected Curriculum Project, this module develops a mathematical model for decay of radioactive substances, and a technique for deciding whether quantitative data fits the model or not. This is one within a much larger set of learning modules hosted by Duke University.

Barker, William

198

Characterization and Quantitation of Antibody Aggregates by High Mass MALDI Mass Spectrometry  

PubMed Central

RP-49 Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) fractions of therapeutic antibody aggregates were collected and submitted to intact analysis by High-Mass MALDI (Matrix Assisted Laser-Desorption / Ionization) mass spectrometry. SEC fractions were stabilized using MALDI crosslinking (K200 Stabilization Kits, CovalX, Zürich, Switzerland) followed by High-Mass MALDI mass spectrometry (HM2, CovalX, Zürich, Switzerland) for intact detection. Various samples exhibiting different forms of multimeric aggregation were stressed under a range of temperatures and pressures. The aggregated samples were fractionated using SEC and analyzed as the monomeric form and stressed fraction. Different aggregate samples are characterized showing only dimer (?300 kDa) in some cases and higher order (trimer [?450 kDa] and a tetramer [?600 kDa]) aggregates in other cases. Unfractionated samples of pharmaceutical formulation containing aggregates were also analyzed directly without SEC cleanup. In the mass spectrum collected, many various proteins are detected due to the absence of SEC purification, as well as the monomer and aggregated dimer peaks. To evaluate the ability of this method to relatively quantify the relative percent of aggregation, a therapeutic protein that reliably forms a dimer was utilized. The sample fraction corresponding to the monomer species was used as a baseline containing no dimer. The fraction corresponding to the dimer fraction was considered as maximum dimer signal. The collected samples (monomer and dimer) were mixed together and the percentage of dimer was plotted as the function of the area of the monomer and dimer peaks (RM and RD) creating a standard curve with an R-squared greater than 0.99. The technique described provides a tool for rapid identification of aggregation specifies as well as semi-quantitative measurement of therapeutic antibody pharmaceuticals using MALDI mass spectrometry. Results show good agreement with the orthogonal techniques however required a less sample volume and analysis time.

Nazabal, A.; Weber, J.; Wenzel, R.

2010-01-01

199

Modeling the water line emission from the high-mass star-forming region AFGL2591  

E-print Network

Context: observations of water lines are a sensitive probe of the geometry, dynamics and chemical structure of dense molecular gas. The launch of Herschel with on board HIFI and PACS allow to probe the behaviour of multiple water lines with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution. Aims: we investigate the diagnostic value of specific water transitions in high-mass star-forming regions. As a test case, we apply our models to the AFGL2591 region. Results: in general, for models with a constant water abundance, the ground state lines, i.e., 1_(10)-1_(01), 1_(11)-0_(00), and 2_(12)-1_(01), are predicted in absorption, all the others in emission. This behaviour changes for models with a water abundance jump profile in that the line profiles for jumps by a factor of ~10-100 are similar to the line shapes in the constant abundance models, whereas larger jumps lead to emission profiles. Asymmetric line profiles are found for models with a cavity outflow and depend on the inclination angle. Models with an outflow cavity are favoured to reproduce the SWAS observations of the 1_(10)-1_(01) ground-state transition. PACS spectra will tell us about the geometry of these regions, both through the continuum and through the lines. Conclusions: it is found that the low-lying transitions of water are sensitive to outflow features, and represent the excitation conditions in the outer regions. High-lying transitions are more sensitive to the adopted density and temperature distribution which probe the inner excitation conditions. The Herschel mission will thus be very helpful to constrain the physical and chemical structure of high-mass star-forming regions such as AFGL2591.

D. R. Poelman; F. F. S. van der Tak

2007-10-08

200

High Mass Star Formation. II. The Mass Function of Submillimeter Clumps in M17  

E-print Network

We have mapped an approximately 5.5 by 5.5 pc portion of the M17 massive star-forming region in both 850 and 450 micron dust continuum emission using the Submillimeter Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT). The maps reveal more than 100 dusty clumps with deconvolved linear sizes of 0.05--0.2 pc and masses of 0.8--120 solar masses, most of which are not associated with known mid-infrared point sources. Fitting the clump mass function with a double power law gives a mean power law exponent of alpha_high = -2.4 +/- 0.3 for the high-mass power law, consistent with the exponent of the Salpeter stellar mass function. We show that a lognormal clump mass distribution with a peak at about 4 solar masses produces as good a fit to the clump mass function as does a double power law. This 4 solar mass peak mass is well above the peak masses of both the stellar initial mass function and the mass function of clumps in low-mass star-forming regions. Despite the difference in intrinsic mass scale, the shape of the M17 clump mass function appears to be consistent with the shape of the core mass function in low-mass star-forming regions. Thus, we suggest that the clump mass function in high-mass star-forming regions may be a scaled-up version of that in low-mass regions, instead of its extension to higher masses.

M. A. Reid; C. D. Wilson

2006-03-13

201

H2D+ in the High-mass Star-forming Region Cygnus X  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

H2D+ is a primary ion that dominates the gas-phase chemistry of cold dense gas. Therefore, it is hailed as a unique tool in probing the earliest, prestellar phase of star formation. Observationally, its abundance and distribution is, however, just beginning to be understood in low-mass prestellar and cluster-forming cores. In high-mass star-forming regions, H2D+ has been detected only in two cores, and its spatial distribution remains unknown. Here, we present the first map of the ortho-H2D+ J _{k^+,k^-} = 11, 0 ? 11, 1 and N2H+ 4-3 transition in the DR21 filament of Cygnus X with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, and N2D+ 3-2 and dust continuum with the Submillimeter Array. We have discovered five very extended (<=34, 000 AU diameter) weak structures in H2D+ in the vicinity of, but distinctly offset from, embedded protostars. More surprisingly, the H2D+ peak is not associated with either a dust continuum or N2D+ peak. We have therefore uncovered extended massive cold dense gas that was undetected with previous molecular line and dust continuum surveys of the region. This work also shows that our picture of the structure of cores is too simplistic for cluster-forming cores and needs to be refined: neither dust continuum with existing capabilities nor emission in tracers like N2D+ can provide a complete census of the total prestellar gas in such regions. Sensitive H2D+ mapping of the entire DR21 filament is likely to discover more of such cold quiescent gas reservoirs in an otherwise active high-mass star-forming region.

Pillai, T.; Caselli, P.; Kauffmann, J.; Zhang, Q.; Thompson, M. A.; Lis, D. C.

2012-06-01

202

Recoilless Resonant Capture of Antineutrinos  

E-print Network

Resonant capture of antineutrinos can be accomplished by exploiting the monoenergetic antineutrinos emitted in bound state beta-decay. Extending this idea, I explore conditions for recoilless resonant capture in the system 3H - 3He. Observation of such transitions can set the stage for placing stringent limits on the neutrino parameter theta-13 on an ultra-short baseline of ~9 m and for observing the gravitational red shift of neutrinos

R. S. Raghavan

2005-11-15

203

Precision Electroweak Measurements on the Z Resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLD experiment using a polarised beam at SLC.

S. Schael; R Barate; R Brunelière; Damir Buskulic; I De Bonis; D Décamp; P Ghez; C Goy; S Jézéquel; J P Lees; A Lucotte; F Martin; E Merle; M N Minard; J Y Nief; P Odier; B Pietrzyk; B Trocmé; S Bravo; M P Casado; M Chmeissani; P Comas; J M Crespo; E Fernández; M Fernández-Bosman; L Garrido; E Graugès-Pous; A Juste; M Martínez; G Merino; R Miquel; L M Mir; S Orteu; A Pacheco; I C Park; J Perlas; I Riu; H Ruiz; F Sánchez; A Colaleo; D Creanza; N De Filippis; M De Palma; G Iaselli; G Maggi; M Maggi; S Nuzzo; A Ranieri; G Raso; F Ruggieri; G Selvaggi; L Silvestris; P Tempesta; A Tricomi; G Zito; X Huang; J Lin; Q Ouyang; T Wang; Y Xie; R Xu; S Xue; J Zhang; L Zhang; W Zhao; D Abbaneo; A Bazarko; U Becker; G Boix; F Bird; E Blucher; B Bonvicini; P Bright-Thomas; T Barklow; M Cattaneo; F Cerutti; B Clerbaux; H Drevermann; R W Forty; M Frank; T C Greening; R Hagelberg; A W Halley; F Gianotti; M Girone; J B Hansen; J Harvey; R Jacobsen; D E Hutchcroft; P Janot; B Jost; J Knobloch; M Kado; Ivan Lehraus; Pierre Lazeyras; P Maley; P Mato; J May; A Moutoussi; M Pepé-Altarelli; F Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; W D Schlatter; B Schmitt; O Schneider; W Tejessy; F Teubert; I R Tomalin; E Tournefier; R Veenhof; A Valassi; W Wiedenmann; A E Wright; Ziad J Ajaltouni; F Badaud; G Chazelle; O Deschamps; S Dessagne; A Falvard; C Ferdi; D Fayolle; P Gay; C Guicheney; P Henrard; J Jousset; B Michel; S Monteil; J C Montret; D Pallin; J M Pascolo; P Perret; F Podlyski; H Bertelsen; T Fernley; J D Hansen; P H Hansen; A C Kraan; A Lindahl; R Møllerud; B S Nilsson; B Rensch; A Wäänänen; G Daskalakis; A Kyriakis; C Markou; E Simopoulou; I Siotis; A Vayaki; A Blondel; G Bonneaud; J C Brient; F Machefert; A Rougé; M Rumpf; M Swynghedauw; R Tanaka; M Verderi; H L Videau; V Ciulli; E Focardi; G Parrini; K Zachariadou; M Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; A Antonelli; M Antonelli; G Bencivenni; G Bologna; F Bossi; P Campana; G Capon; V Chiarella; G Felici; P Laurelli; G Mannocchi; G P Murtas; L Passalacqua; P Picchi; P Colrain; I ten Have; I S Hughes; J Kennedy; I G Knowles; J G Lynch; W T Morton; P Negus; V O'Shea; C Raine; P Reeves; J M Scarr; K Smith; A S Thompson; R M Turnbull; S R Wasserbaech; O L Buchmüller; R J Cavanaugh; S Dhamotharan; C Geweniger; P Hanke; G Hansper; V Hepp; E E Kluge; A Putzer; J Sommer; K Tittel; W Werner; M Wunsch; R Beuselinck; D M Binnie; W Cameron; G Davies; P J Dornan; S M Goodsir; N Marinelli; E Martin; J Nash; J Nowell; S A Rutherford; J K Sedgbeer; J C Thompson; R White; M D Williams; V M Ghete; P Girtler; E Kneringer; D Kuhn; G Rudolph; E Bouhova-Thacker; C K Bowdery; P G Buck; D P Clarke; G Ellis; A J Finch; F Foster; G Hughes; R W L Jones; N R Keemer; M R Pearson; N A Robertson; T Sloan; M Smizanska; S W Snow; M I Williams; O van der Aa; C Delaere; G Leibenguth; V Lemaître; L A T Bauerdick; U Blumenschein; P Van Gemmeren; I Giehl; F Hölldorfer; K Jakobs; M Kasemann; F Kayser; K Kleinknecht; A S Müller; G Quast; B Renk; E Rohne; H G Sander; S Schmeling; H W Wachsmuth; R Wanke; C Zeitnitz; T Ziegler; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C Benchouk; A Bonissent; J Carr; P Coyle; C Curtil; A Ealet; F Etienne; D Fouchez; F Motsch; P Payre; D Rousseau; M Talby; M Thulasidas; M Aleppo; F Ragusa; V Büscher; A David; H Dietl; G Ganis; K Hüttmann; G Lütjens; C Mannert; W Männer; H G Moser; R Settles; H Seywerd; H Stenzel; M Villegas; G Wolf; J Boucrot; O Callot; S Chen; A Cordier; M Davier; L Duflot; J F Grivaz; P Heusse; A Jacholkowska; F R Le Diberder; J Lefrançois; A M Mutz; M H Schune; L Serin; J J Veillet; I Videau; D Zerwas; P Azzurri; G Bagliesi; S Bettarini; T Boccali; C Bozzi; G Calderini; R Dell'Orso; R Fantechi; I Ferrante; F Fidecaro; L Foà; A Giammanco; A Giassi; A Gregorio; F Ligabue; A Lusiani; P S Marrocchesi; A Messineo; F Palla; G Rizzo; G Sanguinetti; A Sciabà; G Sguazzoni; P Spagnolo; J Steinberger; R Tenchini; C Vannini; A Venturi; P G Verdini; O Awunor; G A Blair; G Cowan; A García-Bellido; M G Green; T Medcalf; J A Strong; P Teixeira-Dias; David R Botterill; R W Clifft; T R Edgecock; M Edwards; S J Haywood; P R Norton; J J Ward; B Bloch-Devaux; D E Boumediene; P Colas; S Emery; B Fabbro; Witold Kozanecki; E Lançon; M C Lemaire; E Locci; P Pérez; J Rander; J F Renardy; A Roussarie; J P Schuller; J Schwindling; B Tuchming; B Vallage; S N Black; J H Dann; H Y Kim; N P Konstantinidis; A M Litke; M A McNeil; G Taylor; C N Booth; S Cartwright; F Combley; P N Hodgson; M H Lehto; L F Thompson; K Affholderbach; E Barberio; A Böhrer; S Brandt; H Burkhardt; E Feigl; C Grupen; J Hess; G Lutters; H Meinhard; J A Minguet-Rodríguez; L Mirabito; A Misiejuk; E Neugebauer; A Ngac; G Prange; F Rivera; P Saraiva; U Schäfer; U Sieler; L Smolik; F Stephan; H Trier; M Apollonio; C Borean; L Bosisio; R Della Marina; G Giannini; B Gobbo; G Musolino; L Pitis; H He; J Pütz; J E Rothberg; S R Armstrong; L Bellantoni; K Berkelman; D Cinabro; J S Conway; K Cranmer

2006-01-01

204

CP Violation in Other Bs Decays  

E-print Network

The recent experimental results of CP violation in Bs decays other than in the J/psi phi final state are discussed. Included are the resonant components and $\\phi_s$ determination in Bs -> J/psi pi+ pi-, CP asymmetries in Bs -> h+ h'- decays, and the Bs effective lifetimes in the CP-even state K+ K- and the CP-odd state J/psi f0(980).

L. Zhang; for the LHCb Collaboration

2012-08-24

205

Multiple low-turbulence starless cores associated with intermediate- to high-mass star formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: Characterizing the gas and dust properties prior to and in the neighborhood of active intermediate- to high-mass star formation. Methods: Two Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs) - IRDC 19175-4 and IRDC 19175-5 - that are located in the vicinity of the luminous massive star-forming region IRAS 19175+1357, but that remain absorption features up to 70 ?m wavelength, were observed with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer in the 3.23 mm dust continuum as well as the N2H^+(1-0) and 13CS(2-1) line emission. Results: While IRDC 19175-4 is clearly detected in the 3.23 mm continuum, the second source in the field, IRDC 19175-5, is only barely observable above the 3? continuum detection threshold. However, the N2H^+(1-0) observations reveal 17 separate sub-sources in the vicinity of the two IRDCs. Most of them exhibit low levels of turbulence (? v ? 1 km s-1), indicating that the fragmentation process in these cores may be dominated by the interplay of thermal pressure and gravity, but not so much by turbulence. Combining the small line widths with the non-detection up to 70 ?m and the absence of other signs of star formation activity, most of these 17 cores with masses between sub-solar to ~10 M? are likely still in a starless phase. The N2H+ column density analysis indicates significant abundance variations between the cores. Furthermore, we find a large CS depletion factor of the order 100. Although the strongest line and continuum peak is close to virial equilibrium, its slightly broader line width compared to the other cores is consistent with it being in a contraction phase potentially at the verge of star formation. Based on the 3.23 mm upper limits, the other cores may be gravitationally stable or even transient structures. The relative peak velocities between neighboring cores are usually below 1 km s-1, and we do not identify streaming motions along the filamentary structures. Average densities are between 105 and 106 cm-3 (one to two orders of magnitude larger than for example in the Pipe nebula) implying relatively small Jeans-lengths that are consistent with the observed core separations of the order 5000 AU. Environmental reasons potentially determining these values are discussed. Conclusions: These observations show that multiple low- to intermediate-mass low-turbulence starless cores can exist in the proximity of more turbulent active intermediate- to high-mass star-forming regions. While masses and levels of turbulence are consistent with low-mass starless core regions, other parameters like the densities or Jeans-lengths differ considerably. This may be due to environmental effects. The quest for high-mass starless cores prior to any star formation activity remains open. Plateau de Bure maps as FITS are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/503/859

Beuther, H.; Henning, Th.

2009-09-01

206

Water deuterium fractionation in the high-mass hot core G34.26+0.15  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Water is an essential molecule in oxygen chemistry and the main constituent of grain icy mantles. The formation of water can be studied through the HDO/H2O ratio. Thanks to the launch of the Herschel satellite and the advance of sensitive submillimeter receivers on ground telescopes, many H2O and HDO transitions can now be observed, enabling more accurate studies of the level of water fractionation. Aims: Using these new technologies, we aim at revisiting the water fractionation studies toward massive star-forming regions. We present here a detailed study toward G34.26+0.15, a massive star-forming region associated with compact HII regions. Methods: We present observations of five HDO lines obtained with the APEX telescope. Two of those transitions are ground-state transitions. Two of the three high-excitation lines were additionally observed at higher angular resolution with the SMA. We analyzed these observations using the 1D radiative transfer code RATRAN and adopting different physical profiles from two different models. Results: Although the inner and outer fractional abundances relative to H2 can be best constrained to be XHDOin(T > 100 K) = (5-7) × 10-8(3?) and XHDOout(T ? 100 K) = (0.3-2) × 10-11(3?), the line profile of the 893 GHz ground transition cannot be well reproduced. This line profile is shown to be very sensitive to the velocity field. To better constrain the velocity field, it is necessary to observe the HDO line at 893 GHz with high angular resolution. The H2O abundance is deduced from one high-excitation and one ground transition {H_218}O line. The D/H ratios of water are 3.0 × 10-4 in the inner region and (1.9-4.9) × 10-4 in the outer region of the core. The HDO fractional abundance in the inner and outer regions are different by more than four orders, which implies that the sublimation is very similar in low- and high-mass protostars. The D/H ratios of water in G34.26 + 0.15 are close to the value obtained for the same source in a previous study, and similar to those in other high-mass sources, but lower than those in low-mass protostars, suggesting the possibility that the dense and cold pre-collapse phase is shorter for high-mass star-forming regions. Based on observations with the APEX telescope and the SMA. APEX is a collaboration between the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, the European Southern Observatory, and the Onsala Space Observatory. The Submillimeter Array (SMA) is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica.Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Liu, F.-C.; Parise, B.; Wyrowski, F.; Zhang, Q.; Güsten, R.

2013-02-01

207

BaBar: Rare Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect

Three two body and two resonance decays of the B mesons have been measured using data from the BABAR detector: B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {-+}}, K{sup +}K{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}{sup +}(1260){pi}{sup -}. The branching ratio and that of some intermediate resonances are presented along with the Cp asymmetry of the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup +}{pi}{sup -}.

Hutchcroft, D.; /Liverpool U.

2006-04-14

208

Spectral and Structure Modeling of Low and High Mass Young Stars Using a Radiative Trasnfer Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spectroscopy data from space telescopes (ISO, Spitzer, Herchel) shows that in addition to dust grains (e.g. silicates), there is also the presence of the frozen molecular species (astrophysical ices, such as H _{2}O, CO, CO _{2}, CH _{3}OH) in the circumstellar environments. In this work we present a study of the modeling of low and high mass young stellar objects (YSOs), where we highlight the importance in the use of the astrophysical ices processed by the radiation (UV, cosmic rays) comes from stars in formation process. This is important to characterize the physicochemical evolution of the ices distributed by the protostellar disk and its envelope in some situations. To perform this analysis, we gathered (i) observational data from Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) related with low mass protostar Elias29 and high mass protostar W33A, (ii) absorbance experimental data in the infrared spectral range used to determinate the optical constants of the materials observed around this objects and (iii) a powerful radiative transfer code to simulate the astrophysical environment (RADMC-3D, Dullemond et al, 2012). Briefly, the radiative transfer calculation of the YSOs was done employing the RADMC-3D code. The model outputs were the spectral energy distribution and theoretical images in different wavelengths of the studied objects. The functionality of this code is based on the Monte Carlo methodology in addition to Mie theory for interaction among radiation and matter. The observational data from different space telescopes was used as reference for comparison with the modeled data. The optical constants in the infrared, used as input in the models, were calculated directly from absorbance data obtained in the laboratory of both unprocessed and processed simulated interstellar samples by using NKABS code (Rocha & Pilling 2014). We show from this study that some absorption bands in the infrared, observed in the spectrum of Elias29 and W33A can arises after the ices around the protostars were processed by the radiation comes from central object. In addition, we were able also to compare the observational data for this two objects with those obtained in the modeling. Authors would like to thanks the agencies FAPESP (JP#2009/18304-0 and PHD#2013/07657-5).

Robson Rocha, Will; Pilling, Sergio

209

Trigonometric Parallaxes of High Mass Star Forming Regions: The Structure and Kinematics of the Milky Way  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over 100 trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions for masers associated with young, high-mass stars have been measured with the Bar and Spiral Structure Legacy Survey, a Very Long Baseline Array key science project, the European VLBI Network, and the Japanese VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry project. These measurements provide strong evidence for the existence of spiral arms in the Milky Way, accurately locating many arm segments and yielding spiral pitch angles ranging from about 7° to 20°. The widths of spiral arms increase with distance from the Galactic center. Fitting axially symmetric models of the Milky Way with the three-dimensional position and velocity information and conservative priors for the solar and average source peculiar motions, we estimate the distance to the Galactic center, R 0, to be 8.34 ± 0.16 kpc, a circular rotation speed at the Sun, ?0, to be 240 ± 8 km s-1, and a rotation curve that is nearly flat (i.e., a slope of -0.2 ± 0.4 km s-1 kpc-1) between Galactocentric radii of ?5 and 16 kpc. Assuming a "universal" spiral galaxy form for the rotation curve, we estimate the thin disk scale length to be 2.44 ± 0.16 kpc. With this large data set, the parameters R 0 and ?0 are no longer highly correlated and are relatively insensitive to different forms of the rotation curve. If one adopts a theoretically motivated prior that high-mass star forming regions are in nearly circular Galactic orbits, we estimate a global solar motion component in the direction of Galactic rotation, V ? = 14.6 ± 5.0 km s-1. While ?0 and V ? are significantly correlated, the sum of these parameters is well constrained, ?0 + V ? = 255.2 ± 5.1 km s-1, as is the angular speed of the Sun in its orbit about the Galactic center, (?0 + V ?)/R 0 = 30.57 ± 0.43 km s-1 kpc-1. These parameters improve the accuracy of estimates of the accelerations of the Sun and the Hulse-Taylor binary pulsar in their Galactic orbits, significantly reducing the uncertainty in tests of gravitational radiation predicted by general relativity.

Reid, M. J.; Menten, K. M.; Brunthaler, A.; Zheng, X. W.; Dame, T. M.; Xu, Y.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, B.; Sanna, A.; Sato, M.; Hachisuka, K.; Choi, Y. K.; Immer, K.; Moscadelli, L.; Rygl, K. L. J.; Bartkiewicz, A.

2014-03-01

210

Sound decay of notes from acoustic guitars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The acoustic guitar produces tones by transferring energy from the strings, through the bridge to the top plate, back, and air cavity of the guitar. The vibrations are ultimately radiated into the air as sound. The air-cavity and body resonances of the guitar play an important role in both the tone and the sustain (the time it takes notes to decay) produced by the guitar. To study the relationship between resonances of the guitar and the sustain of notes, the resonance frequencies were measured using a mechanical shaker attached to the body of the guitar and laser Doppler vibrometer to measure its vibration. A string was tuned to different frequencies and plucked. The decay of the note was measured with an electromagnetic pickup that measured the vibration of the string, a vibrometer to measure vibration of the top plate, and microphones located inside and outside the guitar. As expected, when the fundamental frequency of the string was near one of the resonances of the guitar, the decay rate was faster (shorter sustain) than when the string was between resonances. The relationship between the decay rates of the different parts of the system will also be discussed.

Galazen, Erika; Nordberg, Joni; Huber, Thomas M.

2005-09-01

211

Ringdown spectroscopy of stimulated Raman scattering in a whispering gallery mode resonator  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report experimental observations of power-dependent, nonexponential decay of light stored in whispering gallery modes caused by stimulated Raman scattering in the resonator host material. Specifically, we show that the instantaneous decay rate of whispering gallery modes of a calcium fluoride resonator increases as the amount of light stored in the resonator decreases.

Anatoliy A. Savchenkov; Andrey B. Matsko; Makan Mohageg; Lute Maleki

2007-01-01

212

Multiple low-turbulence starless cores associated with intermediate- to high-mass star formation  

E-print Network

To characterize the initial conditions for intermediate- to high-mass star formation, we observed two Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs) that remain absorption features up to 70mum wavelength, with the PdBI in the 3.23mm dust continuum as well as the N2H+(1--0) and 13CS(2-1) line emission. While IRDC19175-4 is clearly detected in the 3.23mm continuum, the second source in the field, IRDC19175-5, is only barely observable above the 3sigma continuum detection threshold. However, the N2H+(1-0) observations reveal 17 separate sub-sources in the vicinity of the two IRDCs. Most of them exhibit low levels of turbulence (dv \\leq 1km/s), indicating that the fragmentation process in these cores may be dominated by the interplay of thermal pressure and gravity, but not so much by turbulence. Combining the small line widths with the non-detection up to 70mum and the absence of other signs of star formation activity, most of these 17 cores with masses between sub-solar to ~10M_sun are likely still in a starless phase. Furthermo...

Beuther, Henrik

2009-01-01

213

A spectroscopic search for high-mass X-ray binaries in M31  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present new optical spectroscopy of 20 candidate counterparts of 17 X-ray sources in the direction of the M31 disc. By comparing the X-ray catalogue from the XMM-Newton survey of M31 with star catalogues from the Local Group Galaxy Survey, we chose counterpart candidates based on optical colour and X-ray hardness. We have discovered 17 counterpart candidates with spectra containing stellar features. Eight of these are early-type stars of O or B type in M31, with hard X-ray spectra, making them good high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) candidates. Three of these eight exhibit emission lines, which we consider to be the strongest HMXB candidates. In addition, our spectra reveal two likely Galactic cataclysmic variables, one foreground M star, two probable low-mass X-ray binaries related to M31 globular clusters, one emission-line region with an embedded Wolf-Rayet star and one newly discovered supernova remnant. Finally, two of the sources have stellar spectra with no features indicative of association with an X-ray source.

Williams, B. F.; Hatzidimitriou, D.; Green, J.; Vasilopoulos, G.; Covarrubias, R.; Pietsch, W. N.; Stiele, H.; Haberl, F.; Bonfini, P.

2014-09-01

214

Accelerating an Water Maser Face-on Jet from a High Mass Young Stellar Object  

E-print Network

We report on a long-term single-dish and VLBI monitoring for intermittent flare activities of a Dominant Blue-Shifted H$_{2}$O Maser (DBSM) associated with a southern high mass young stellar object, G353.273+0.641. Bi-weekly single-dish monitoring using Hokkaido University Tomakomai 11-m radio telescope has shown that a systematic acceleration continues over four years beyond a lifetime of individual maser features. This fact suggests that the H$_{2}$O maser traces a region where molecular gas is steadily accelerated. There were five maser flares during five-years monitoring, and maser distributions in four of them were densely monitored by the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA). The overall distribution of the maser features suggests the presence of a bipolar jet, with the 3D kinematics indicating that it is almost face-on (inclination angle of $\\sim$ 8$^{\\fdg}$--17$^{\\fdg}$ from the line-of-sight). Most of maser features were recurrently excited within a region of 100$\\times$100 AU$^{2}$ around the...

Motogi, Kazuhito; Honma, Mareki; Hirota, Tomoya; Hachisuka, Kazuya; Niinuma, Kotaro; Sugiyama, Koichiro; Yonekura, Yosinori; Fujisawa, Kenta

2015-01-01

215

Water Ice in High Mass-loss Rate OH/IR Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate water-ice features in spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of high mass-loss rate OH/IR stars. We use a radiative transfer code which can consider multiple components of dust shells to make model calculations for various dust species including water ice in the OH/IR stars. We find that the model SEDs are sensitively dependent on the location of the water-ice dust shell. For two sample stars (OH 127.8+0.0 and OH 26.5+0.6), we compare the detailed model results with the infrared observational data including the spectral data from the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). For the two sample stars, we reproduce the crystalline water-ice features (absorption at 3.1 ?m and 11.5 ?m emission at 44 and 62 ?m) observed by ISO using a separate component of the water-ice dust shell that condensed at about 84-87 K (r ~ 1500-1800 AU) as well as the silicate dust shell that condensed at about 1000 K (r ~ 19-25 AU). For a sample of 1533 OH/IR stars, we present infrared two-color diagrams (2CDs) using the Infrared Astronomical Satellite and AKARI data compared with theoretical model results. We find that the theoretical models clearly show the effects of the crystalline water-ice features (absorption at 11.5 ?m and emission at 62 ?m) on the 2CDs.

Suh, Kyung-Won; Kwon, Young-Joo

2013-01-01

216

Heating and ionization of the primordial intergalactic medium by high-mass X-ray binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the influence of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) on their high-redshift environments. Using a one-dimensional radiative transfer code, we predict the ionization and temperature profiles surrounding a coeval stellar population, composed of main-sequence stars and HMXBs, at various times after its formation. We consider both uniform density surroundings, and a cluster embedded in a 108 M? Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) halo. HMXBs in a constant density environment produce negligible enhanced ionization because of their high-energy spectral energy distributions and short lifetimes. In this case, HMXBs only marginally contribute to the local heating rate. For NFW profiles, radiation from main-sequence stars cannot prevent the initially ionized volume from recombining since it is unable to penetrate the high-density galactic core. However, HMXB photons stall recombinations behind the front, keeping it partially ionized for longer. The increased electron density in these partially ionized regions promotes further cooling, resulting in lower intergalactic medium (IGM) temperatures. In the context of this starburst model, we have shown that HMXBs do not make a major contribution to reionization or IGM heating. However, X-ray escape fractions are high in both density profile cases. Continuous star formation may result in the build up of X-rays over time, reducing the ionization time-scale and potentially leading to low level ionization of the distant IGM.

Knevitt, G.; Wynn, G. A.; Power, C.; Bolton, J. S.

2014-12-01

217

OBSERVATIONS OF THE HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARY A 0535+26 IN QUIESCENCE  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed three observations of the high-mass X-ray binary A 0535+26 performed by the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) three, five, and six months after the last outburst in 2011 February. We detect pulsations only in the second observation. The 3-20 keV spectra can be fit equally well with either an absorbed power law or absorbed thermal bremsstrahlung model. Reanalysis of two earlier RXTE observations made 4 yr after the 1994 outburst, original BeppoSAX observations 2 yr later, reanalysis of four EXOSAT observations made 2 yr after the last 1984 outburst, and a recent XMM-Newton observation in 2012 reveal a stacked, quiescent flux level decreasing from {approx}2 to <1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -11} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} over 6.5 yr after outburst. The detection of pulsations during half of the quiescent observations would imply that accretion onto the magnetic poles of the neutron star continues despite the fact that the circumstellar disk may no longer be present. The accretion could come from material built up at the corotation radius or from an isotropic stellar wind.

Rothschild, Richard; Markowitz, Alex; Hemphill, Paul [University of California, San Diego, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA 92093-0424 (United States); Caballero, Isabel [CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp -UMR AIM (7158) CNRS/CEA/Universite P. Diderot, Orme des Merisiers, Bat. 709, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Pottschmidt, Katja [CRESST, UMBC, and NASA GSFC, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Kuehnel, Matthias; Wilms, Joern [Dr. Karl-Remeis-Sternwarte and ECAP, Sternwartstr. 7, D-96049 Bamberg (Germany); Fuerst, Felix [Space Radiation Lab, MC 290-17 Cahill, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Doroshenko, Victor [Institut fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Sand 1, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Camero-Arranz, Ascension, E-mail: rrothschild@ucsd.edu [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai, (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Fac. de Ciencies, Torre C5, parell, 2a planta, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain)

2013-06-10

218

Long-term variability of high-mass X-ray binaries. I. Photometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present photometric observations of the field around the optical counterparts of high-mass X-ray binaries. Our aim is to study the long-term photometric variability in correlation with their X-ray activity and derive a set of secondary standard stars that can be used for time series analysis. We find that the donors in Be/X-ray binaries exhibit larger amplitude changes in the magnitudes and colours than those hosting a supergiant companion. The amplitude of variability increases with wavelength in Be/X-ray binaries and remains fairly constant in supergiant systems. When time scales of years are considered, a good correlation between the X-ray and optical variability is observed. The X-rays cease when optical brightness decreases. These results reflect the fact that the circumstellar disk in Be/X-ray binaries is the main source of both optical and X-ray variability. We also derive the colour excess, E(B - V), selecting data at times when the contribution of the circumstellar disk was supposed to be at minimum, and we revisit the distance estimates. Finding charts with the identification of the secondary standard stars are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/574/A33

Reig, P.; Fabregat, J.

2015-02-01

219

VLA observations of ammonia in high-mass star formation regions  

E-print Network

We report systematic mapping observations of the NH$_{3}$ (1,1) and (2,2) inversion lines towards 62 high-mass star-forming regions using VLA in its D and DnC array configurations. The VLA images cover a spatial dynamic range from 40$"$ to 3$"$, allowing us to trace gas kinematics from $\\sim$1 pc scales to $\\lesssim$0.1 pc scales. Based on the NH$_3$ morphology and the infrared nebulosity on 1\\,pc scales, we categorize three sub-classes in the sample: filaments, hot cores, and NH$_3$ dispersed sources. The ubiquitous gas filaments found on 1 pc scales have a typical width of $\\sim$0.1\\,pc and often contain regularly spaced fragments along the major axis. The spacing of the fragments and the column densities are consistent with the turbulent supported fragmentation of cylinders. Several sources show multiple filaments that converge toward a center, where the velocity field in the filaments is consistent with gas flows. We derive rotational temperature maps for the entire sample. For the three hot core sources,...

Lu, Xing; Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Wang, Junzhi; Gu, Qiusheng

2014-01-01

220

Accelerating a water maser face-on jet from a high mass young stellar object  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on long-term single-dish and VLBI monitoring for intermittent flare activities of a dominant blue-shifted H2O maser associated with a southern high mass young stellar object, G353.273+0.641. Bi-weekly single-dish monitoring using the Hokkaido University Tomakomai 11 m radio telescope has shown that a systematic acceleration continues over four years beyond the lifetime of individual maser features. This fact suggests that the H2O maser traces a region where molecular gas is steadily accelerated. There were five maser flares during the five years of monitoring, and maser distributions in four of them were densely monitored by VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA). The overall distribution of the maser features suggests the presence of a bipolar jet, with the 3D kinematics indicating that it is almost face-on (inclination angle of ˜ 8°-17° from the line of sight). Most maser features were recurrently excited within a region of 100×100 au2 around the radio continuum peak, while their spatial distributions significantly varied between each flare. This confirms that episodic propagations of outflow shocks recurrently invoke intermittent flare activities. We also measured annual parallax, deriving a source distance of 1.70^{+0.19}_{-0.16} kpc that is consistent with the commonly used photometric distance.

Motogi, Kazuhito; Sorai, Kazuo; Honma, Mareki; Hirota, Tomoya; Hachisuka, Kazuya; Niinuma, Kotaro; Sugiyama, Koichiro; Yonekura, Yoshinori; Fujisawa, Kenta

2015-01-01

221

THE AGES OF HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARIES IN NGC 2403 AND NGC 300  

SciTech Connect

We have examined resolved stellar photometry from HST imaging surrounding 18 high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) candidates in NGC 300 and NGC 2403 as determined from combined Chandra/HST analysis. We have fit the color-magnitude distribution of the surrounding stars with stellar evolution models. All but one region in NGC 300 and two in NGC 2403 contain a population with an age between 20 and 70 Myr. One of the candidates is the ultraluminous X-ray source in NGC 2403, which we associate with a 60 {+-} 5 Myr old population. These age distributions provide additional evidence that 16 of these 18 candidates are HMXBs. Furthermore, our results suggest that the most common HMXB age in these galaxies is 40-55 Myr. This preferred age is similar to observations of HMXBs in the Small Magellanic Cloud, providing new evidence of this formation timescale, but in higher metallicity populations. We suggest that this preferred HMXB age is the result of the fortuitous combination of two physical effects. First, this is the age of a population when the greatest rate of core-collapse events should be occurring, maximizing neutron star production. Second, this is the age when B stars are most likely to be actively losing mass. We also discuss our results in the context of HMXB feedback in galaxies, confirming HMXBs as a potentially important source of energy for the interstellar medium in low-mass galaxies.

Williams, Benjamin F.; Binder, Breanna A.; Dalcanton, Julianne J. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Eracleous, Michael [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16803 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew, E-mail: ben@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: bbinder@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: jd@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: mce@astro.psu.edu, E-mail: adolphin@raytheon.com [Raytheon Company, Tucson, AZ 85734 (United States)

2013-07-20

222

J/?? decay channel of the X(3872) charm meson molecule  

E-print Network

Analyses of the J/??[superscript +]?[superscript -] decay channel of the X(3872) resonance by the CDF, Belle, and LHCb Collaborations have established its J[superscript PC] quantum numbers as 1[superscript ++]. An analysis ...

Braaten, Eric

223

Determination of the ?(3770), ?(4040), ?(4160) and ?(4415) resonance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

R values measured with the BESII detector at center-of-mass energies between 3.7 and 5.0 GeV are fitted to determine resonance parameters (mass, total width, electron width) of the high mass charmonium states, ?(3770), ?(4040), ?(4160) and ?(4415). Various effects, including the interferences and relative phases between the resonances, the energy-dependence of the full widths, and the initial state radiative correction, are examined. The results are compared to previous studies.

BES Collaboration; Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Dai, Y. S.; Diao, L. Y.; Deng, Z. Y.; Dong, Q. F.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gao, Y. N.; Gu, S. D.; Gu, Y. T.; Guo, Y. N.; Guo, Z. J.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, J.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. H.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, X. T.; Ji, X. B.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiang, X. Y.; Jiao, J. B.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Lai, Y. F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J.; Li, R. Y.; Li, S. M.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Liang, Y. F.; Liao, H. B.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F.; Liu, Fang; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, J.; Liu, J. B.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, Jian; Liu, Q.; Liu, R. G.; Liu, Z. A.; Lou, Y. C.; Lu, F.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, J. G.; Luo, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, L. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Mao, Z. P.; Mo, X. H.; Nie, J.; Olsen, S. L.; Ping, R. G.; Qi, N. D.; Qin, H.; Qiu, J. F.; Ren, Z. Y.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Shan, L. Y.; Shang, L.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, D. L.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Sun, H. S.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Tang, X.; Tong, G. L.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, L.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, W. F.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wang, Zheng; Wei, C. L.; Wei, D. H.; Weng, Y.; Wu, N.; Xia, X. M.; Xie, X. X.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Y.; Yan, M. L.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M. H.; Ye, Y. X.; Yu, G. W.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. Q.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Yiyun; Zhang, Z. X.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhao, D. X.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, P. P.; Zhao, W. R.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zheng, H. Q.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhou, L.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, Q. M.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, B. A.; Zhuang, X. A.; Zou, B. S.

2008-02-01

224

Determination of the ? (3770), ? (4040), ? (4160) and ? (4415) resonance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

R values measured with the BESII detector at center-of-mass energies between 3.7 and 5.0 GeV are fitted to determine resonance parameters (mass, total width, electron width) of the high mass charmonium states, ? (3770), ? (4040), ? (4160) and ? (4415). Various effects, including the interferences and relative phases between the resonances, the energy-dependence of the full widths, and the initial state radiative correction, are examined. The results are compared to previous studies.

Ablikim, M.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Cai, X.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y. B.; Chu, Y. P.; Dai, Y. S.; Diao, L. Y.; Deng, Z. Y.; Dong, Q. F.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, C. S.; Gao, Y. N.; Gu, S. D.; Gu, Y. T.; Guo, Y. N.; Guo, Z. J.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, J.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. H.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, X. T.; Ji, X. B.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiang, X. Y.; Jiao, J. B.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Lai, Y. F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J.; Li, R. Y.; Li, S. M.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Liang, Y. F.; Liao, H. B.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F.; Liu, Fang; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, J.; Liu, J. B.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, Jian; Liu, Q.; Liu, R. G.; Liu, Z. A.; Lou, Y. C.; Lu, F.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, J. G.; Luo, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, L. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Mao, Z. P.; Mo, X. H.; Nie, J.; Olsen, S. L.; Ping, R. G.; Qi, N. D.; Qin, H.; Qiu, J. F.; Ren, Z. Y.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Shan, L. Y.; Shang, L.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, D. L.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Sun, H. S.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Tang, X.; Tong, G. L.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, L.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, W. F.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wang, Zheng; Wei, C. L.; Wei, D. H.; Weng, Y.; Wu, N.; Xia, X. M.; Xie, X. X.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Y.; Yan, M. L.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M. H.; Ye, Y. X.; Yu, G. W.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. Q.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Yiyun; Zhang, Z. X.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhao, D. X.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, P. P.; Zhao, W. R.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zheng, H. Q.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhou, L.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, Q. M.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, B. A.; Zhuang, X. A.; Zou, B. S.; BES Collaboration

2008-02-01

225

The near-field acoustic levitation of high-mass rotors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here we demonstrate that spherical rotors with 40 mm diameter and 0-1 kg mass can be suspended more than tens of micrometers away from an ultrasonically vibrating concave surface by near-field acoustic radiation force. Their rotating speeds exceed 3000 rpm. An acoustic model has been developed to evaluate the near-field acoustic radiation force and the resonant frequencies of levitation system. This technique has potential application in developing acoustic gyroscope.

Hong, Z. Y.; Lü, P.; Geng, D. L.; Zhai, W.; Yan, N.; Wei, B.

2014-10-01

226

The near-field acoustic levitation of high-mass rotors.  

PubMed

Here we demonstrate that spherical rotors with 40 mm diameter and 0-1 kg mass can be suspended more than tens of micrometers away from an ultrasonically vibrating concave surface by near-field acoustic radiation force. Their rotating speeds exceed 3000 rpm. An acoustic model has been developed to evaluate the near-field acoustic radiation force and the resonant frequencies of levitation system. This technique has potential application in developing acoustic gyroscope. PMID:25362441

Hong, Z Y; Lü, P; Geng, D L; Zhai, W; Yan, N; Wei, B

2014-10-01

227

Two-proton radioactivity and three-body decay. III. Integral formulae for decay widths in a simplified semianalytical approach  

E-print Network

Three-body decays of resonant states are studied using integral formulae for decay widths. Theoretical approach with a simplified Hamiltonian allows semianalytical treatment of the problem. The model is applied to decays of the first excited $3/2^{-}$ state of $^{17}$Ne and the $3/2^{-}$ ground state of $^{45}$Fe. The convergence of three-body hyperspherical model calculations to the exact result for widths and energy distributions are studied. The theoretical results for $^{17}$Ne and $^{45}$Fe decays are updated and uncertainties of the derived values are discussed in detail. Correlations for the decay of $^{17}$Ne $3/2^-$ state are also studied.

L. V. Grigorenko; M. V. Zhukov

2007-04-06

228

High-Mass Protostellar Candidates. I. The Sample and Initial Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a systematic program aimed at identifying and characterizing candidate high-mass protostellar objects (HMPOs). Our candidate sample consists of 69 objects selected by criteria based on those established by Ramesh & Sridharan using far-infrared, radio continuum, and molecular line data. IRAS and Midcourse Space Experiment data were used to study the larger scale environments of the candidate sources and determine their total luminosities and dust temperatures. To derive the physical and chemical properties of our target regions, we observed continuum and spectral line radiation at millimeter and radio wavelengths. We imaged the free-free and dust continuum emission at wavelengths of 3.6 cm and 1.2 mm, respectively, searched for H2O and CH3OH maser emission, and observed the CO J=2-->1 line and several NH3 lines toward all sources in our sample. Other molecular tracers were observed in a subsample. While dust continuum emission was detected in all sources, most of them show only weak or no emission at 3.6 cm. Where detected, the centimeter emission is frequently found to be offset from the millimeter emission, indicating that the free-free and dust emissions arise from different subsources possibly belonging to the same (proto)cluster. A comparison of the luminosities derived from the centimeter emission with bolometric luminosities calculated from the IRAS far-infrared fluxes shows that the centimeter emission very likely traces the most massive source, whereas the whole cluster contributes to the far-infrared luminosity. Estimates of the accretion luminosity indicate that a significant fraction of the bolometric luminosity is still due to accretion processes. The earliest stages of HMPO evolution we seek to identify are represented by dust cores without radio emission. Line wings due to outflow activity are nearly omnipresent in the CO observations, and the molecular line data indicate the presence of hot cores for several sources, where the abundances of various molecular species are elevated because of evaporation of icy grain mantles. Kinetic gas temperatures of 40 sources are derived from NH3 (1,1) and (2, 2) data, and we compare the results with the dust temperatures obtained from the IRAS data. Comparing the amount of dust, and hence the gas, associated with the HMPOs and with ultracompact H II (UCH II) regions, we find that the two types of sources are clearly separated in mass-luminosity diagrams: for the same dust masses, the UCH II regions have higher bolometric luminosities than HMPOs. We suggest that this is an evolutionary trend, with the HMPOs being younger and reprocessing less (stellar) radiation in the IR than the more evolved UCH II regions. These results indicate that a substantial fraction of our sample harbors HMPOs in a pre-UCH II region phase, the earliest known stage in the high-mass star formation process.

Sridharan, T. K.; Beuther, H.; Schilke, P.; Menten, K. M.; Wyrowski, F.

2002-02-01

229

THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANICS TOWARD THE HIGH-MASS YSO NGC 7538 IRS9  

SciTech Connect

Complex molecules have been broadly classified into three generations dependent on the mode of formation and the required formation temperature (<25, 25-100 K, and >100 K). Around massive young stellar objects (MYSOs), icy grain mantles and gas are exposed to increasingly higher temperatures as material accretes from the outer envelope in toward the central hot region. The combination of this temperature profile and the generational chemistry should result in a changing complex molecular composition with radius around MYSOs. We combine IRAM 30 m and Submillimeter Array observations to explore the spatial distribution of organic molecules around the high-mass young stellar object NGC 7538 IRS9, whose weak complex molecule emission previously escaped detection. We find that emission from N-bearing organics and CH{sub 3}OH present substantial increases in emission around 8000 AU and R < 3000 AU, while unsaturated O-bearing molecules and hydrocarbons do not. The increase in line flux for some complex molecules in the envelope, around 8000 AU or 25 K, is consistent with recent model predictions of an onset of complex ice chemistry at 20-30 K. The emission increase for many of the same molecules at R < 3000 AU suggests the presence of a weak hot core, where thermal ice evaporation and hot gas-phase reactions drive the chemistry. Complex organics thus form at all radii and temperatures around this protostar, but the composition changes dramatically as the temperature increases, which is used together with an adapted gas-grain astrochemical model to constrain the chemical generation(s) to which different classes of molecules belong.

Oeberg, Karin I. [Departments of Chemistry and Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Boamah, Mavis D. [Wellesley College, 106 Central Street, Wellesley, MA 02481 (United States); Fayolle, Edith C. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Garrod, Robin T. [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-6801 (United States); Cyganowski, Claudia J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Van der Tak, Floris, E-mail: oberg@virginia.edu [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2013-07-10

230

WATER ICE IN HIGH MASS-LOSS RATE OH/IR STARS  

SciTech Connect

We investigate water-ice features in spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of high mass-loss rate OH/IR stars. We use a radiative transfer code which can consider multiple components of dust shells to make model calculations for various dust species including water ice in the OH/IR stars. We find that the model SEDs are sensitively dependent on the location of the water-ice dust shell. For two sample stars (OH 127.8+0.0 and OH 26.5+0.6), we compare the detailed model results with the infrared observational data including the spectral data from the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). For the two sample stars, we reproduce the crystalline water-ice features (absorption at 3.1 {mu}m and 11.5 {mu}m; emission at 44 and 62 {mu}m) observed by ISO using a separate component of the water-ice dust shell that condensed at about 84-87 K (r {approx} 1500-1800 AU) as well as the silicate dust shell that condensed at about 1000 K (r {approx} 19-25 AU). For a sample of 1533 OH/IR stars, we present infrared two-color diagrams (2CDs) using the Infrared Astronomical Satellite and AKARI data compared with theoretical model results. We find that the theoretical models clearly show the effects of the crystalline water-ice features (absorption at 11.5 {mu}m and emission at 62 {mu}m) on the 2CDs.

Suh, Kyung-Won; Kwon, Young-Joo, E-mail: kwsuh@chungbuk.ac.kr [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju-City 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju-City 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-01-10

231

The Sensitivity of HAWC to High-Mass Dark Matter Annihilations  

E-print Network

The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory is a wide field-of-view detector sensitive to gamma rays of 100 GeV to a few hundred TeV. Located in central Mexico at 19 degrees North latitude and 4100 m above sea level, HAWC will observe gamma rays and cosmic rays with an array of water Cherenkov detectors. The full HAWC array is scheduled to be operational in Spring 2015. In this paper, we study the HAWC sensitivity to the gamma-ray signatures of high-mass (multi- TeV) dark matter annihilation. The HAWC observatory will be sensitive to diverse searches for dark matter annihilation, including annihilation from extended dark matter sources, the diffuse gamma-ray emission from dark matter annihilation, and gamma-ray emission from non-luminous dark matter subhalos. Here we consider the HAWC sensitivity to a subset of these sources, including dwarf galaxies, the M31 galaxy, the Virgo cluster, and the Galactic center. We simulate the HAWC response to gamma rays from these sources in several well-motivated dark matter annihilation channels. If no gamma-ray excess is observed, we show the limits HAWC can place on the dark matter cross-section from these sources. In particular, in the case of dark matter annihilation into gauge bosons, HAWC will be able to detect a narrow range of dark matter masses to cross-sections below thermal. HAWC should also be sensitive to non-thermal cross-sections for masses up to nearly 1000 TeV. The constraints placed by HAWC on the dark matter cross-section from known sources should be competitive with current limits in the mass range where HAWC has similar sensitivity. HAWC can additionally explore higher dark matter masses than are currently constrained.

A. U. Abeysekara; R. Alfaro; C. Alvarez; J. D. Alvarez; R. Arceo; J. C. Arteaga-Velazquez; H. A. Ayala Solares; A. S. Barber; B. M. Baughman; N. Bautista-Elivar; J. Becerra Gonzalez; E. Belmont; S. Y. BenZvi; D. Berley; M. Bonilla Rosales; J. Braun; R. A. Caballero-Lopez; K. S. Caballero-Mora; A. Carraminana; M. Castillo; U. Cotti; J. Cotzomi; E. de la Fuente; C. De Leon; T. DeYoung; R. Diaz Hernandez; L. Diaz-Cruz; J. C. Diaz-Velez; B. L. Dingus; M. A. DuVernois; R. W. Ellsworth; S. F. E.; D. W. Fiorino; N. Fraija; A. Galindo; F. Garfias; M. M. Gonzalez; J. A. Goodman; V. Grabski; M. Gussert; Z. Hampel-Arias; J. P. Harding; C. M. Hui; P. Huentemeyer; A. Imran; A. Iriarte; P. Karn; D. Kieda; G. J. Kunde; A. Lara; R. J. Lauer; W. H. Lee; D. Lennarz; H. Leon Vargas; E. C. Linares; J. T. Linnemann; M. Longo; R. Luna-Garcia; A. Marinelli; H. Martinez; O. Martinez; J. Martinez-Castro; J. A. J. Matthews; J. McEnery; E. Mendoza Torres; P. Miranda-Romagnoli; E. Moreno; M. Mostafa; L. Nellen; M. Newbold; R. Noriega-Papaqui; T. Oceguera-Becerra; B. Patricelli; R. Pelayo; E. G. Perez-Perez; J. Pretz; C. Riviere; D. Rosa-Gonzalez; J. Ryan; H. Salazar; F. Salesa; A. Sandoval; M. Schneider; S. Silich; G. Sinnis; A. J. Smith; K. Sparks Woodle; R. W. Springer; I. Taboada; P. A. Toale; K. Tollefson; I. Torres; T. N. Ukwatta; L. Villasenor; T. Weisgarber; S. Westerhoff; I. G. Wisher; J. Wood; G. B. Yodh; P. W. Younk; D. Zaborov; A. Zepeda; H. Zhou; K. N. Abazajian

2014-05-07

232

Water in the envelopes and disks around young high-mass stars  

E-print Network

Single-dish spectra and interferometric maps of (sub)mm lines of H2O-18 and HDO are used to study the chemistry of water in eight regions of high-mass star formation. The spectra indicate HDO excitation temperatures of ~110 K and column densities in an 11'' beam of ~2x10^14 cm^-2 for HDO and ~2x10^17 cm^-2 for H2O, with the N(HDO)/N(H2O) ratio increasing with decreasing temperature. Simultaneous observations of CH3OH and SO2 indicate that 20-50% of the single-dish line flux arises in the molecular outflows of these objects. The outflow contribution to the H2O-18 and HDO emission is estimated to be 10-20%. Radiative transfer models indicate that the water abundance is low (~10^-6) outside a critical radius corresponding to a temperature in the protostellar envelope of ~100 K, and `jumps' to H2O/H2 ~ 10^-4 inside this radius. This value corresponds to the observed abundance of solid water and together with the derived HDO/H2O abundance ratios of ~1/1000 suggests that the origin of the observed water is evaporation of grain mantles. This idea is confirmed in the case of AFGL 2591 by interferometer observations of HDO, H2O-18 and SO2 lines, which reveal compact (~800 AU) emission with a systematic velocity gradient. This size is similar to that of the 1.3 mm continuum towards AFGL 2591, from which we estimate a mass of ~0.8 M0, or ~5% of the mass of the central star. We speculate that we may be observing a circumstellar disk in an almost face-on orientation.

Floris van der Tak; Malcolm Walmsley; Fabrice Herpin; Cecilia Ceccarelli

2005-10-21

233

The donor star winds in High-Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) are essential astrophysical laboratories. These objects represent an advanced stage in the evolution of massive binary systems, after the initially more massive star has already collapsed in a supernova explosion, but its remnant, a neutron star or black hole, remains gravitationally bound. The stellar wind from the OB-type donor is partially accreted onto its compact companion powering its relatively high X-ray luminosity. Since HMXBs accrete from the stellar wind, parameters such as the donor's mass-loss rate, the velocity of the wind, and its clumpiness are of fundamental importance.This proposal takes advantage of the unique capabilities of HST/STIS for UV spectroscopy. We focus on the most populous in the Galaxy class of those HMXBs where the stellar wind of the OB donor is directly accreted onto a neutron star. Recently, a new sub-class of HMXBs - "supergiant fast X-ray transients" - was discovered. It has been proposed that these enigmatic objects can be explained by the specific properties of their donor-star winds. The only way to validate or disprove this hypothesis is by a studying the wind diagnostics lines in the UV spectra of donor stars. The observations proposed here will, for the first time, provide the UV spectra of this important new type of accreting binaries. Our state-of-the art non-LTE expanding stellar atmospheres and 3-D stellar wind simulations allow thorough exploitation of the STIS spectra. As a result we will obtain the wind parameters for a representative sample of six Galactic HMXBs, thus heightening our knowledge thereof considerably.

Oskinova, Lida

2014-10-01

234

3-D Models of Embedded High-Mass Stars: Effects of a Clumpy Circumstellar Medium  

E-print Network

We use 3-D radiative transfer models to show the effects of clumpy circumstellar material on the observed infrared colors of high mass stars embedded in molecular clouds. We highlight differences between 3-D clumpy and 1-D smooth models which can affect the interpretation of data. We discuss several important properties of the emergent spectral energy distribution (SED): More near-infrared light (scattered and direct from the central source) can escape than in smooth 1-D models. The near- and mid-infrared SED of the same object can vary significantly with viewing angle, depending on the clump geometry along the sightline. Even the wavelength-integrated flux can vary with angle by more than a factor of two. Objects with the same average circumstellar dust distribution can have very different near-and mid-IR SEDs depending on the clump geometry and the proximity of the most massive clump to the central source. Although clumpiness can cause similar objects to have very different SEDs, there are some observable trends. Near- and mid-infrared colors are sensitive to the weighted average distance of clumps from the central source and to the magnitude of clumpy density variations (smooth-to-clumpy ratio). Far-infrared emission remains a robust measure of the total dust mass. We present simulated SEDs, colors, and images for 2MASS and Spitzer filters. We compare to observations of some UCHII regions and find that 3-D clumpy models fit better than smooth models. In particular, clumpy models with fractal dimensions in the range 2.3-2.8, smooth to clumpy ratios of <50%, and density distributions with shallow average radial density profiles fit the SEDs best.

R. Indebetouw; B. A. Whitney; K. E. Johnson; K. wood

2005-09-04

235

Very Large Array Observations of Ammonia in High-mass Star Formation Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report systematic mapping observations of the NH3 (1, 1) and (2, 2) inversion lines toward 62 high-mass star-forming regions using the Very Large Array (VLA) in its D and DnC array configurations. The VLA images cover a spatial dynamic range from 40'' to 3'', allowing us to trace gas kinematics from ~1 pc scales to lsim0.1 pc scales. Based on the NH3 morphology and the infrared nebulosity on 1 pc scales, we categorize three subclasses in the sample: filaments, hot cores, and NH3-dispersed sources. The ubiquitous gas filaments found on 1 pc scales have a typical width of ~0.1 pc and often contain regularly spaced fragments along the major axis. The spacing of the fragments and the column densities is consistent with the turbulent supported fragmentation of cylinders. Several sources show multiple filaments that converge toward a center where the velocity field in the filaments is consistent with gas flows. We derive rotational temperature maps for the entire sample. For the three hot core sources, we find a projected radial temperature distribution that is best fit by power-law indices from -0.18 to -0.35. We identify 174 velocity-coherent ~0.1 pc scale dense cores from the entire sample. The mean physical properties for these cores are 1.1 km s-1 in intrinsic linewidth, 18 K in NH3 rotational temperature, 2.3 × 1015 cm-2 in NH3 gas column density, and 67 M ? in molecular mass. The dense cores identified from the filamentary sources are closer to being virialized. Dense cores in the other two categories of sources appear to be dynamically unstable.

Lu, Xing; Zhang, Qizhou; Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Wang, Junzhi; Gu, Qiusheng

2014-08-01

236

Evolution of Nova TrA 2008 into a high mass-accretion rate Frederick M. Walter1  

E-print Network

Evolution of Nova TrA 2008 into a high mass-accretion rate post-nova Frederick M. Walter1 1Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA; frederick.walter@stonybrook.edu Abstract. NR TrA (Nova TrA 2008) was a normal slow Fe II novae for its first year of evolution. During its third year eclipses appeared

Walter, Frederick M.

237

Search for high mass photon pairs in e+e- --> ffgammagamma (f= e, mu, tau, v, q) at LEP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The result of a search for high mass photon pairs from the processes e+e- --> ffgammagamma (f = e, mu, tau, v and q) with the ALEPH detector is reported. The result for f = e, mu and tau is to be compared with the observation of 4 events by the L3 Collaboration with invariant masses, Mgammagamma, of the two

D. Buskulic; I. de Bonis; D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; M.-N. Minard; B. Pietrzyk; R. Alemany; F. Ariztizabal; P. Comas; J. M. Crespo; M. Delfino; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; V. Gaitan; Ll. Garrido; T. Mattison; A. Pacheco; C. Padilla; A. Pascual; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; G. Iaselli; G. Maggi; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; M. Quattromini; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. Selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; Y. Chai; H. Hu; D. Huang; X. Huang; J. Lin; T. Wang; Y. Xie; D. Xu; R. Xu; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; E. Blucher; G. Bonvicini; J. Boudreau; D. Casper; H. Drevermann; R. W. Forty; G. Ganis; C. Gay; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; S. Haywood; J. Hilgart; R. Jacobsen; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; I. Lehraus; T. Lohse; M. Maggi; C. Markou; M. Martinez; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; A. Minten; A. Miotto; R. Miquel; H.-G. Moser; P. Palazzi; J. R. Pater; J. A. Perlas; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; G. Redlinger; L. Rolandi; J. Rothberg; T. Ruan; M. Saich; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; F. Sefkow; W. Tejessy; R. Veenhof; H. Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Z. Ajaltouni; F. Badaud; M. Bardadin-Otwinowska; R. El Fellous; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; J.-C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; F. Prulhière; F. Saadi; T. Fearnley; J. D. Hansen; J. R. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; R. Møllerud; B. S. Nilsson; I. Efthymiopoulos; A. Kyriakis; E. Simopoulou; A. Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; J. Badier; A. Blondel; G. Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; G. Fouque; S. Orteu; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; M. Verderi; H. Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Veitch; E. Focardi; L. Moneta; G. Parrini; M. Corden; C. Georgiopoulos; M. Ikeda; J. Lannutti; D. Levinthal; L. Sawyer; S. Wasserbaech; A. Antonelli; R. Baldini; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; B. D'Ettorre-Piazzoli; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; L. Passalacqua; M. Pepe-Altarelli; P. Picchi; P. Colrain; I. Ten Have; J. G. Lynch; W. Maitland; W. T. Morton; C. Raine; P. Reeves; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; M. G. Smith; A. S. Thompson; R. M. Turnbull; B. Brandl; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; Y. Maumary; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; A. Stahl; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; R. Beuselinck; D. M. Binnie; W. Cameron; M. Cattaneo; D. J. Colling; P. J. Dornan; A. M. Greene; J. F. Hassard; N. M. Lieske; A. Moutoussi; J. Nash; S. Patton; D. G. Payne; M. J. Phillips; G. San Martin; J. K. Sedgbeer; I. R. Tomalin; A. G. Wright; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; D. Jackson; N. R. Keemer; M. Nuttall; A. Patel; T. Sloan; S. W. Snow; E. P. Whelan; K. Kleinknecht; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; H. Schmidt; F. Steeg; S. M. Walther; R. Wanke; B. Wolf; A. M. Bencheikh; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; J. Carr; P. Coyle; J. Drinkard; F. Etienne; D. Nicod; S. Paplexiou; P. Payre; L. Roos; D. Rousseau; P. Schwemling; M. Talby; S. Adlung; R. Assmann; C. Bauer; W. Blum; D. Brown; P. Cattaneo; B. Dehning; H. Dietl; F. Dydak; M. Frank; A. W. Halley; K. Jacobs; J. Lauber; G. Lütjens; G. Lutz; W. Männer; R. Richter; J. Schröder; A. S. Schwarz; R. Settles; H. Seywerd; U. Stierlin; U. Stiegler; R. St. Denis; G. Wolf; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; D. E. Jaffe; P. Janot; D. W. Kim; F. Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; M.-H. Schune; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; Z. Zhang; D. Abbaneo; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; U. Bottigli; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; R. dell'Orso; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. Foà; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; A. Gregorio; F. Ligabue; A. Lusiani; E. B. Mannelli; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; F. Palla; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; P. Spagnolo; J. Steinberger; R. Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Triggiani; C. Vannini; A. Venturi; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; A. P. Betteridge; J. M. Carter; Y. Gao; M. G. Green; P. V. March; Ll. M. Mir; T. Medcalf; I. S. Quazi; J. A. Strong; L. R. West; D. R. Botterill; R. W. Clifft; T. R. Edgecock; M. Edwards; S. M. Fisher; T. J. Jones; P. R. Norton; D. P. Salmon; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; S. Emery; W. Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; B. Marx; P. Perez; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Rosowsky; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; J. G. Ashman; W. Babbage; C. N. Booth; C. Buttar; S. Cartwright; F. Combley; I. Dawson; L. F. Thompson; E. Barberio; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G. Cowan; C. Grupen; G. Lutters; F. Rivera; U. Schäfer; L. Smolik; L. Bosisio; R. della Marina; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; F. Ragusa; L. Bellantoni; W. Chen; D. Cinabro; J. S. Conway; D. F. Cowen; D. P. S. Ferguson; J. Grahl

1993-01-01

238

Nontrapping surfaces of revolution with long living resonances  

E-print Network

We study resonances of surfaces of revolution obtained by removing a disk from a cone and attaching a hyperbolic cusp in its place. These surfaces include ones with nontrapping geodesic flow (every maximally extended non-reflected geodesic is unbounded) and yet infinitely many long living resonances (resonances with uniformly bounded imaginary part, i.e. decay rate).

Kiril R. Datchev; Daniel D. Kang; Andre P. Kessler

2014-11-24

239

Observation of the Resonant Character of the Z(4430)[superscript ?] State  

E-print Network

Resonant structures in B[superscript 0] ? ?[superscript ?]?[superscript ?]K[superscript +] decays are analyzed by performing a four-dimensional fit of the decay amplitude, using pp collision data corresponding to ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

240

Dalitz plot analysis of D-->K?? decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decays of the D0 meson to K-?+?0 and K¯0?+?- and of the D+ to K-?+?+ have been analyzed for resonant substructure. We present results on the amplitudes and phases of each decay mode and compare the results with other measurements. We confirm the highly nonresonant nature of the D+ to K-?+?+ decays. There is general agreement with theoretical models for the branching ratios measured.

Anjos, J. C.; Appel, J. A.; Bean, A.; Bracker, S. B.; Browder, T. E.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Danner, G. M.; Duboscq, J.; Elliott, J. R.; Escobar, C. O.; Gibney, M. C.; Gordon, A. S.; Hartner, G. F.; Karchin, P. E.; Kumar, B. R.; Losty, M. J.; Luste, G. J.; Mantsch, P. M.; Martin, J. F.; McHugh, S.; Menary, S. R.; Morrison, R. J.; Nash, T.; Ong, P.; Pinfold, J.; Punkar, G.; Purohit, M. V.; Raab, J. R.; Ross, W. R.; Santoro, A. F.; Shoup, A. L.; Sidhu, J. S.; Sliwa, K.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Souza, M. H.; Streetman, M. E.; Stundžia, A. B.; Volkmuth, W. D.; Witherell, M. S.

1993-07-01

241

Studies of hadronic states containing kaons in ? decays at BABAR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present recent studies of ? lepton decays into final states containing kaons at BABAR. The preliminary measurement of the branching fraction B(??K???) is reported. We also present the preliminary determination of the mass and width of the K(892 resonance using the invariant KS0? mass spectrum in the decay ??K??. Further, a recent analysis of the decays ??K? and ???? is reported, which includes a determination of the CKM-matrix element | V|.

Adametz, Aleksandra; Babar Collaboration

2011-09-01

242

HERSCHEL OBSERVATIONS OF THE W3 GMC: CLUES TO THE FORMATION OF CLUSTERS OF HIGH-MASS STARS  

SciTech Connect

The W3 GMC is a prime target for the study of the early stages of high-mass star formation. We have used Herschel data from the HOBYS key program to produce and analyze column density and temperature maps. Two preliminary catalogs were produced by extracting sources from the column density map and from Herschel maps convolved to 500 {mu}m resolution. Herschel reveals that among the compact sources (FWHM < 0.45 pc), W3 East, W3 West, and W3 (OH) are the most massive and luminous and have the highest column density. Considering the unique properties of W3 East and W3 West, the only clumps with ongoing high-mass star formation, we suggest a 'convergent constructive feedback' scenario to account for the formation of a cluster with decreasing age and increasing system/source mass toward the innermost regions. This process, which relies on feedback by high-mass stars to ensure the availability of material during cluster formation, could also lead to the creation of an environment suitable for the formation of Trapezium-like systems. In common with other scenarios proposed in other HOBYS studies, our results indicate that an active/dynamic process aiding in the accumulation, compression, and confinement of material is a critical feature of the high-mass star/cluster formation, distinguishing it from classical low-mass star formation. The environmental conditions and availability of triggers determine the form in which this process occurs, implying that high-mass star/cluster formation could arise from a range of scenarios: from large-scale convergence of turbulent flows to convergent constructive feedback or mergers of filaments.

Rivera-Ingraham, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Martin, P. G.; Luong, Q. Nguyen; Roy, A. [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)] [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada); Polychroni, D. [Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 15784 Zografos, Athens (Greece)] [Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 15784 Zografos, Athens (Greece); Motte, F.; Schneider, N.; Hennemann, M.; Men'shchikov, A.; Andre, Ph.; Arzoumanian, D.; Hill, T.; Minier, V. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU-CNRS/INSU-Universite Paris Diderot, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/IRFU-CNRS/INSU-Universite Paris Diderot, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Bontemps, S. [Universite Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac (France)] [Universite Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac (France); Bernard, J.-Ph. [CNRS, IRAP, 9 Avenue colonel Roche, BP 44346, F-31028 Toulouse cedex 4 (France)] [CNRS, IRAP, 9 Avenue colonel Roche, BP 44346, F-31028 Toulouse cedex 4 (France); Di Francesco, J.; Fallscheer, C. [National Research Council Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada)] [National Research Council Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Elia, D.; Pezzuto, S. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome (Italy)] [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Li, J. Z. [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)] [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); and others

2013-04-01

243

Searches for a high mass Standard Model Higgs boson at the Tevatron  

E-print Network

Higgs boson searches are commonly considered one of the main objectives of particle physics nowadays. The latest results obtained by the CDF and D0 collaborations are presented here when searching for Higgs boson decaying into a W-boson pair, currently the most sensitive channel for masses greater than 130 GeV. The presented results are based on an integrated luminosity that ranges from 3.0 to 4.2 fb^-1. No significant excess over expected background is observed and the 95% CL limits are set for a Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson for different mass hypotheses ranging from 100 GeV to 200 GeV. The combination of CDF and D0 results is also presented, which exclude for the first time a SM Higgs boson in the 160 < mH < 170 GeV mass range.

S. Pagan Griso

2009-05-13

244

First Detection of the Hatchett-McCray Effect in the High-Mass X-ray Binary 4U1700-37  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The orbital modulation of stellar wind UV resonance line profiles as a result of ionization of the wind by the X-ray source has been observed in the high-mass X-ray binary 4U1700-37/HD 153919 for the first time. Far-UV observations (905-1180 Å, resolution 0.05 Å) were made at the four quadrature points of the binary orbit with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) in 2003 April and August. The O6.5 Iaf primary eclipses the X-ray source (neutron star or black hole) with a 3.41-day period. Orbital modulation of the UV resonance lines, resulting from X-ray photoionization of the dense stellar wind, the so-called Hatchett-McCray (HM) effect, was predicted for 4U1700-37/HD153919 (Hatchett & McCray 1977, ApJ, 211, 522) but was not seen in N V 1240, Si IV 1400, or C IV 1550 in IUE and HST spectra. The FUSE spectra show that the P V 1118-1128 and S IV 1063-1073 P-Cygni lines appear to vary as expected for the HM effect, weakest at phase 0.5 (X-ray source conjunction) and strongest at phase 0.0 (X-ray source eclipse). The phase modulation of the O VI 1032-1037 lines, however, is opposite to P V and S IV, implying that O VI may be a byproduct of the wind's ionization by the X-ray source. Such variations were not observed in N V, Si IV, and C IV because of their high optical depth. Due to their lower cosmic abundance, the P V and S IV wind lines are unsaturated, making them excellent tracers of the ionization conditions in the O star's wind.

Sonneborn, G.; Iping, R. C.; Kaper, L.; Hammerschlag-Hensberge, G.; Hutchings, J. B.

2003-12-01

245

Reheating induced by competing decay modes  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of studying the decay of the inflaton field {phi} to another scalar field {chi} through parametric resonance in the case of a coupling that involves several decay modes. This amounts to the presence of extra harmonic terms in the perturbation of the {chi} field dynamics. For the case of two frequencies we compute the geometry of the resonance regions, which is significantly altered due to the presence of noncuspidal resonance regions associated to higher harmonics and to the emergence of instability 'pockets'. We discuss the effect of this change in the efficiency of the energy transfer process for the simplest case of a coupling given by a combination of the two interaction terms of homogeneous degree usually considered in the literature. We find that the presence of higher harmonics has limited cosmological implications.

Charters, T. [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica/Area Cientifica de Matematica, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1, P-1949-014 Lisbon, Portugal and Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional da Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal); Nunes, A.; Mimoso, J. P. [Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional da Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal)

2008-10-15

246

$?$ meson decay on asymmetrical lattices  

E-print Network

We present a lattice QCD calculation of the characteristics of the $\\rho$ meson decay. The study is carried out on spatially asymmetric boxes using nHYP-smeared clover fermions in the quenched approximation. The resonance mass and coupling constant are calculate using the P-wave scattering phaseshifts, of the isospin I=1 two-pion system. We use pion masses m_{\\pi}= 418 MeV and m_{\\pi}=312 MeV. In both cases, the $\\rho$ decay is kinematically feasible. We work on lattice sizes N_z X 24^2 X 48 with lattice spacing a=0.1 fm and N_z=24,30,34,48.

Craig Pelissier; Andrei Alexandru; Frank X. Lee

2011-11-09

247

Semileptonic Decays  

SciTech Connect

The following is an overview of the measurements of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub cb}| and |V{sub ub}| that are based on detailed studies of semileptonic B decays by the BABAR and Belle Collaborations and major advances in QCD calculations. In addition, a new and improved measurement of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) is presented. Here D{sup (*)} refers to a D or a D* meson and {ell} is either e or {mu}. The results, R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, they disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. The excess of events cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model.

Luth, Vera G.; /SLAC

2012-10-02

248

The decay of highly excited open strings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The decay rates of leading edge Regge trajectory states are calculated for very high level number in open bosonic string theories, ignoring tachyon final states. The optical theorem simplifies the analysis while enabling identification of the different mass level decay channels. The main result is that (in four dimensions) the greatest single channel is the emission of a single photon and a state of the next mass level down. A simple asymptotic formula for arbitrarily high level number is given for this process. Also calculated is the total decay rate exactly up to N=100. It shows little variation over this range but appears to decrease for larger N. The formalism is checked in examples and the decay rate of the first excited level calculated for open superstring theories. The calculation may also have implications for high spin meson resonances.

Mitchell, D.; Turok, N.; Wilkinson, R.; Jetzer, P.

1988-01-01

249

Wireless sensing using oscillator circuits locked to remote high-Q SAW resonators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a method of wireless read out of high Q surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonator sensors. The resonator is excited by a short RF pulse and decays after switching off the interrogating signal. In the measurement system, a gated phase locked loop (GPLL) locks to the resonance frequency of the SAW resonator within a few bursts. Then the

Alfred Pohl; Gerald Ostermayer; Franz Seifert

1998-01-01

250

DNC/HNC RATIO OF MASSIVE CLUMPS IN EARLY EVOLUTIONARY STAGES OF HIGH-MASS STAR FORMATION  

SciTech Connect

We have observed the HN{sup 13}C J = 1-0 and DNC J = 1-0 lines toward 18 massive clumps, including infrared dark clouds (IRDCs) and high-mass protostellar objects (HMPOs), by using the Nobeyama Radio Observatory 45 m telescope. We have found that the HN{sup 13}C emission is stronger than the DNC emission toward all of the observed sources. The averaged DNC/HNC ratio is indeed lower toward the observed high-mass sources (0.009 {+-} 0.005) than toward the low-mass starless and star-forming cores (0.06). The kinetic temperature derived from the NH{sub 3} (J, K) = (1, 1) and (2, 2) line intensities is higher toward the observed high-mass sources than toward the low-mass cores. However, the DNC/HNC ratio of some IRDCs involving the Spitzer 24 {mu}m sources is found to be lower than that of HMPOs, although the kinetic temperature of the IRDCs is lower than that of the HMPOs. This implies that the DNC/HNC ratio does not depend only on the current kinetic temperature. With the aid of chemical model simulations, we discuss how the DNC/HNC ratio decreases after the birth of protostars. We suggest that the DNC/HNC ratio in star-forming cores depends on the physical conditions and history in their starless-core phase, such as its duration time and the gas kinetic temperature.

Sakai, Takeshi [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Sakai, Nami; Yamamoto, Satoshi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Furuya, Kenji; Aikawa, Yuri [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Hirota, Tomoya [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2012-03-10

251

Quantum interference of particles and resonances  

E-print Network

Though the phenomenon of quantum-mechanical interference has been known for many years, it still has many open questions. The present review discusses specifically how the interference of resonances may and does work. We collect data on the search for rare decay modes of well-known resonances that demonstrate a wide variety of possible different manifestations of interference. Some special kinds of resonance interference, not yet sufficiently studied and understood, are also briefly considered. The interference may give useful experimental procedures to search for new resonances with arbitrary quantum numbers, even with exotic ones, and to investigate their properties.

Ya. Azimov

2010-02-09

252

Radioactive Decay 1. Background  

E-print Network

Radioactive Decay 1. Background It is well known that many nuclei are unstable and are transformed into other nuclear species by means of either alpha decay or beta decay. The rate at which those radioactive on the number N of radioactive nuclei in the sample and also on the probability for each nucleus to decay

Elster, Charlotte

253

Optical resonator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The invention discloses a semi-ring Fabry-Perot (SRFP) optical resonator structure comprising a medium including an edge forming a reflective facet and a waveguide within the medium, the waveguide having opposing ends formed by the reflective facet. The performance of the SRFP resonator can be further enhanced by including a Mach-Zehnder interferometer in the waveguide on one side of the gain medium. The optical resonator can be employed in a variety of optical devices. Laser structures using at least one SRFP resonator are disclosed where the resonators are disposed on opposite sides of a gain medium. Other laser structures employing one or more resonators on one side of a gain region are also disclosed.

Taghavi-Larigani, Shervin (Inventor); Vanzyl, Jakob J. (Inventor); Yariv, Amnon (Inventor)

2006-01-01

254

Study of the ?-?3h-2h+?? decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The branching fraction of the ?-?3h-2h+?? decay (h=?,K) is measured with the BABAR detector to be (8.56±0.05±0.42)×10-4, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The observed structure of this decay is significantly different from the phase space prediction, with the ? resonance playing a strong role. The decay ?-?f1(1285)?-??, with the f1(1285) meson decaying to four charged pions, is observed and the branching fraction is measured to be (3.9±0.7±0.5)×10-4.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Abrams, G. S.; Battaglia, M.; Borgland, A. W.; Breon, A. B.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R. N.; Charles, E.; Day, C. T.; Gill, M. S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Groysman, Y.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kadel, R. W.; Kadyk, J.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Kukartsev, G.; Lynch, G.; Mir, L. M.; Oddone, P. J.; Orimoto, T. J.; Pripstein, M.; Roe, N. A.; Ronan, M. T.; Wenzel, W. A.; Barrett, M.; Ford, K. E.; Harrison, T. J.; Hart, A. J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Morgan, S. E.; Watson, A. T.; Fritsch, M.; Goetzen, K.; Held, T.; Koch, H.; Lewandowski, B.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Schroeder, T.; Steinke, M.; Boyd, J. T.; Burke, J. P.; Chevalier, N.; Cottingham, W. N.; Kelly, M. P.; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T.; Hearty, C.; Knecht, N. S.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Khan, A.; Kyberd, P.; Teodorescu, L.; Blinov, A. E.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Ivanchenko, V. N.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Yushkov, A. N.; Best, D.; Bondioli, M.; Bruinsma, M.; Chao, M.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Mommsen, R. K.; Roethel, W.; Stoker, D. P.; Buchanan, C.; Hartfiel, B. L.; Weinstein, A. J. R.; Foulkes, S. D.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Shen, B. C.; Wang, K.; Zhang, L.; Del Re, D.; Hadavand, H. K.; Hill, E. J.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Paar, H. P.; Rahatlou, S.; Sharma, V.; Berryhill, J. W.; Campagnari, C.; Cunha, A.; Dahmes, B.; Hong, T. M.; Lu, A.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Verkerke, W.; Beck, T. W.; Eisner, A. M.; Flacco, C. J.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Nesom, G.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Spradlin, P.; Williams, D. C.; Wilson, M. G.; Albert, J.; Chen, E.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dvoretskii, A.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Ryd, A.; Samuel, A.; Andreassen, R.; Jayatilleke, S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Blanc, F.; Bloom, P.; Chen, S.; Ford, W. T.; Nauenberg, U.; Olivas, A.; Rankin, P.; Ruddick, W. O.; Smith, J. G.; Ulmer, K. A.; Wagner, S. R.; Zhang, J.; Chen, A.; Eckhart, E. A.; Harton, J. L.; Soffer, A.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Zeng, Q.; Spaan, B.; Altenburg, D.; Brandt, T.; Brose, J.; Dickopp, M.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Klose, V.; Lacker, H. M.; Maly, E.; Nogowski, R.; Otto, S.; Petzold, A.; Schott, G.; Schubert, J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Sundermann, J. E.; Bernard, D.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Grenier, P.; Schrenk, S.; Thiebaux, Ch.; Vasileiadis, G.; Verderi, M.; Bard, D. J.; Clark, P. J.; Gradl, W.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Xie, Y.; Andreotti, M.; Azzolini, V.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Luppi, E.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Anulli, F.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Buzzo, A.; Capra, R.; Contri, R.; Vetere, M. Lo; Macri, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Santroni, A.; Tosi, S.; Bailey, S.; Brandenburg, G.; Chaisanguanthum, K. S.; Morii, M.; Won, E.; Dubitzky, R. S.; Langenegger, U.; Marks, J.; Schenk, S.; Uwer, U.; Bhimji, W.; Bowerman, D. A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Egede, U.; Flack, R. L.; Gaillard, J. R.; Morton, G. W.; Nash, J. A.; Nikolich, M. B.; Taylor, G. P.; Charles, M. J.; Grenier, G. J.; Mallik, U.; Mohapatra, A. K.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Eyges, V.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Yi, J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Giroux, X.; Grosdidier, G.; Höcker, A.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Oyanguren, A.; Petersen, T. C.; Pierini, M.; Plaszczynski, S.; Rodier, S.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Cheng, C. H.; Lange, D. J.; Simani, M. C.; Wright, D. M.; Bevan, A. J.; Chavez, C. A.; Coleman, J. P.; Forster, I. J.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; George, K. A.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Parry, R. J.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Cormack, C. M.; di Lodovico, F.; Brown, C. L.; Cowan, G.; Flaecher, H. U.; Green, M. G.; Jackson, P. S.; McMahon, T. R.; Ricciardi, S.; Salvatore, F.; Brown, D.; Davis, C. L.; Allison, J.; Barlow, N. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Hodgkinson, M. C.; Lafferty, G. D.; Naisbit, M. T.; Williams, J. C.; Chen, C.; Farbin, A.; Hulsbergen, W. D.; Jawahery, A.; Kovalskyi, D.; Lae, C. K.; Lillard, V.; Roberts, D. A.; Blaylock, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Kofler, R.; Koptchev, V. B.; Li, X.; Moore, T. B.; Saremi, S.; Staengle, H.; Willocq, S.; Cowan, R.; Koeneke, K.; Sciolla, G.; Sekula, S. J.; Taylor, F.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Kim, H.

2005-10-01

255

BULGE n AND B/T IN HIGH-MASS GALAXIES: CONSTRAINTS ON THE ORIGIN OF BULGES IN HIERARCHICAL MODELS  

SciTech Connect

We use the bulge Sersic index n and bulge-to-total mass ratio (B/T) to explore the fundamental question of how bulges form. We perform two-dimensional bulge-disk-bar decomposition on H-band images of 143 bright, high-mass (M {sub *} {>=} 1.0 x 10{sup 10} M {sub sun}) low-to-moderately inclined (i < 70{sup 0}) spirals. Our results are as follows. (1) Our H-band bar fraction ({approx}58%) is consistent with that from ellipse fits. (2) 70% of the stellar mass is in disks, 10% in bars, and 20% in bulges. (3) A large fraction ({approx}69%) of bright spirals have B/T{<=} 0.2, and {approx}76% have low n {<=} 2 bulges. These bulges exist in barred and unbarred galaxies across a wide range of Hubble types. (4) About 65% (68%) of bright spirals with n {<=} 2 (B/T {<=} 0.2) bulges host bars, suggesting a possible link between bars and bulges. (5) We compare the results with predictions from a set of {lambda}CDM models. In the models, a high-mass spiral can have a bulge with a present-day low B/T{<=} 0.2 only if it did not undergo a major merger since z {<=} 2. The predicted fraction ({approx} 1.6%) of high-mass spirals, which have undergone a major merger since z {<=} 4 and host a bulge with a present-day low B/T {<=} 0.2, is a factor of over 30 smaller than the observed fraction ({approx}66%) of high-mass spirals with B/T {<=} 0.2. Thus, contrary to common perception, bulges built via major mergers since z {<=} 4 seriously fail to account for the bulges present in {approx}66% of high mass spirals. Most of these present-day low B/T {<=} 0.2 bulges are likely to have been built by a combination of minor mergers and/or secular processes since z {<=} 4.

Weinzirl, Tim; Jogee, Shardha; Kormendy, John [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States); Khochfar, Sadegh [Sub-Department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Bldg., Keble Road, OX1 3RH, Oxford (United Kingdom); Burkert, Andreas [Universitaets-Sternwarte Muenchen, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 Muenchen (Germany)

2009-05-01

256

Methanol: the Swiss army knife of star formation. Physical properties of early stages of high mass star formation.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the major observational effort carried out in the last years by several authors (e.g. Molinari et al. 1996, Sridharan et al. 2002, Beuther et al. 2002), little is known about the initial phases of evolution of high-mass stars and their physics. A powerful diagnostic tool to investigate the early evolutionary sequence of high-mass stars is found in the analysis of their molecular spectra, which can be seen as fingerprints of a molecular cloud, as they carry the information on its chemistry, and therefore on its history, on its physical conditions and on its dynamics and kinematics. Often, symmetric rotors such as NH3 are used to probe a cloud's kinetic temperature (Walmsley & Ungerechts 1983, Danby et al. 1988), while linear molecules, e.g. CS, are used to determine its density (e.g. Snell et al. 1984, Beuther et al. 2002). However, different spatial distributions of the tracers (caused by their different chemistry) may complicate the picture, (see, e.g. Tafalla et al. 2002) as they often trace physically different and spatially non-coexisting gas components. It is thus desirable to trace all relevant physical parameters with a single molecule. Studies on slightly asymmetric rotors (H2CO: Mundy et al. 1987, Mangum & Wootten 1993; CH3OH: Leurini et al. 2004) reveal that these molecules can be used as diagnostic tools of both parameters, since slightly asymmetric molecules allow determinations of spatial density and often share a strong sensitivity to kinetic temperature with symmetric rotors. Leurini et al. 2004 have discussed the tracing properties of CH3OH, reaching the conclusion that CH3OH is indeed very useful as a prob of physical conditions in star forming regions in all mass regimes, since it has a very reach spectrum of transitions spread throughout all the centimeter, millimeter and submillimeter spectral windows. Moreover it is ubiquitously found in different regimes of star formation, from quiescent, cold (T ~ 10 K), dark clouds (Friberg et al. 1988, Walmsley et al. 1988), to "hot core" sources near high-mass (proto)stellar objects (Menten et al. 1986, Menten et al. 1988) and it is associated with both dense cores and outflows of shocked gas (Bachiller et al. 1995). Here we present methanol (sub)millimeter single dish observations towards a sample of sources (High Mass Protostellar Objects and Infrared Dark Clouds) in the early stages of high mass star formation. Applying the model and the fitting technique discussed by Leurini et al. 2004 to the sample, we derived kinetic temperature, spatial density and CH3OH abundance.

Leurini, Silvia; Schilke, Peter; Wyrowski, Friedrich; Menten, Karl

257

A Search for New Physics with High Mass Tau Pairs in proton anti-proton collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV at CDF  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for new particles decaying to tau pairs using the data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 195 pb{sup -1} collected from March 2002 to September 2003 with the CDF detector at the Tevatron. Hypothetical particles, such as Z' and MSSM Higgs bosons can potentially produce the tau pair final state. We discuss the method of tau identification, and show the signal acceptance versus new particle mass. The low-mass region, dominated by Z {yields} {tau}{tau}, is used as a control region. In the high-mass region, we expect 2.8 {+-} 0.5 events from known background sources, and observe 4 events in the data sample. Thus no significant excess is observed, and we set upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio as a function of the masses of heavy scalar and vector particles.

Wan, Zong-ru; /Rutgers U., Piscataway; ,

2005-04-01

258

JPC=1-- hidden charm resonances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent B factories measurements of new states exhibit, in most of the decays, charmonium-like resonances. Among them we study the JPC=1-- hidden charm resonances in order to assert if they are qq¯ states or more complicated structures. The energy spectrum, electromagnetic, and strong decays are studied in a constituent quark model which has been able to reproduce the hadronic phenomenology and the baryon-baryon interaction. Most of the reported states are nicely interpreted as qq¯ pairs. The new ?(4360) state is found as the 4S state and the ?(4415) as the 3D which differs from the standard assignment. Some of the states, such as the Y(4260), cannot be accommodated as qq¯ pairs.

Segovia, J.; Yasser, A. M.; Entem, D. R.; Fernández, F.

2008-12-01

259

Search for the decay B0-->gammagamma.  

PubMed

We present a limit on the branching fraction for the decay B0-->gammagamma using data collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e+e- collider. Based on the observation of one event in the signal region, out of a sample of 21.3x10(6) e+e--->Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays, we establish an upper limit on the branching fraction of B(B0-->gammagamma)<1.7x10(-6) at the 90% confidence level. This result substantially improves upon existing limits. PMID:11736494

Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Palano, A; Chen, G P; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Reinertsen, P L; Stugu, B; Abbott, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Clark, A R; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kluth, S; Kolomensky, Y G; Kral, J F; LeClerc, C; Levi, M E; Liu, T; Lynch, G; Meyer, A B; Momayezi, M; Oddone, P J; Perazzo, A; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, M T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Bright-Thomas, P G; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; O'Neale, S W; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Goetzen, K; Koch, H; Krug, J; Kunze, M; Lewandowski, B; Peters, K; Schmuecker, H; Steinke, M; Andress, J C; Barlow, N R; Bhimji, W; Chevalier, N; Clark, P J; Cottingham, W N; De Groot, N; Dyce, N; Foster, B; McFall, J D; Wallom, D; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Jolly, S; McKemey, A K; Tinslay, J; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Bukin, D A; Buzykaev, A R; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Korol, A A; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Salnikov, A A; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Y I; Telnov, V I; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; McMahon, S; Stoker, D P; Ahsan, A; Arisaka, K; Buchanan, C; Chun, S; Branson, J G; MacFarlane, D B; Prell, S; Rahatlou, S; Raven, G; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Hart, P A; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Witherell, M; Yellin, S; Beringer, J; Dorfan, D E; Eisner, A M; Frey, A; Grillo, A A; Grothe, M; Heusch, C A; Johnson, R P; Kroeger, W; Lockman, W S; Pulliam, T; Sadrozinski, H; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Metzler, S; Oyang, J; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Weaver, M; Yang, S; Zhu, R Y; Devmal, S; Geld, T L; Jayatilleke, S; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Barillari, T; Bloom, P; Dima, M O; Fahey, S; Ford, W T; Johnson, D R; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Park, H; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Sen, S; Smith, J G; van Hoek, W C; Wagner, D L; Blouw, J; Harton, J L; Krishnamurthy, M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dahlinger, G; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Otto, S; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Behr, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Ferrag, S; Roussot, E; T'Jampens, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Anjomshoaa, A; Bernet, R; Khan, A; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Falbo, M; Borean, C; Bozzi, C; Dittongo, S; Folegani, M; Piemontese, L; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Xie, Y; Zallo, A; Bagnasco, S; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Fabbricatore, P; Farinon, S; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Musenich, R; Pallavicini, M; Parodi, R; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Pia, M G; Priano, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Morii, M; Bartoldus, R; Dignan, T; Hamilton, R; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Fischer, P A; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Rosenberg, E I; Benkebil, M; Grosdidier, G; Hast, C; Höcker, A; Lacker, H M; Laplace, S; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Trincaz-Duvoid, S; Valassi, A; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljevi?, V; Lange, D J; Mugge, M; Shi, X; van Bibber, K; Wenaus, T J; Wright, D M; Wuest, C R; Carroll, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, M; Kay, M; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Gunawardane, N J; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Smith, D; Azzopardi, D E; Back, J J; Dixon, P; Harrison, P F; Potter, R J; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Williams, M I; Cowan, G; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McGrath, P; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Scott, I; Vaitsas, G; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Boyd, J T; Forti, A C; Fullwood, J; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Savvas, N; Simopoulos, E T; Weatherall, J H; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Lillard, V; Olsen, J; Roberts, D A; Schieck, J R; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Moore, T B; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Brau, B; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Trischuk, J; Lanni, F; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Booke, M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Martin, J P; Nief, J Y; Seitz, R; Taras, P; Zacek, V; Nicholson, H; Sutton, C S; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; LoSecco, J M; Alsmiller, J R; Gabriel, T A

2001-12-10

260

Search for the Decay B0 -->gammagamma  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a limit on the branching fraction for the decay B0-->gammagamma using data collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e+e- collider. Based on the observation of one event in the signal region, out of a sample of 21.3×106 e+e--->Upsilon(4S)-->BBbar decays, we establish an upper limit on the branching fraction of B(B0-->gammagamma)<1.7×10-6

B. Aubert; D. Boutigny; J.-M. Gaillard; A. Hicheur; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; P. Robbe; V. Tisserand; A. Palano; G. P. Chen; J. C. Chen; N. D. Qi; G. Rong; P. Wang; Y. S. Zhu; G. Eigen; P. L. Reinertsen; B. Stugu; B. Abbott; G. S. Abrams; A. W. Borgland; A. B. Breon; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; A. R. Clark; M. S. Gill; A. Gritsan; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; R. W. Kadel; J. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; S. Kluth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; J. F. Kral; C. Leclerc; M. E. Levi; T. Liu; G. Lynch; A. B. Meyer; M. Momayezi; P. J. Oddone; A. Perazzo; M. Pripstein; N. A. Roe; A. Romosan; M. T. Ronan; V. G. Shelkov; A. V. Telnov; W. A. Wenzel; P. G. Bright-Thomas; T. J. Harrison; C. M. Hawkes; D. J. Knowles; S. W. O'Neale; R. C. Penny; A. T. Watson; N. K. Watson; T. Deppermann; K. Goetzen; H. Koch; J. Krug; M. Kunze; B. Lewandowski; K. Peters; H. Schmuecker; M. Steinke; J. C. Andress; N. R. Barlow; W. Bhimji; N. Chevalier; P. J. Clark; W. N. Cottingham; N. de Groot; N. Dyce; B. Foster; J. D. McFall; D. Wallom; F. F. Wilson; K. Abe; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; D. Thiessen; S. Jolly; A. K. McKemey; J. Tinslay; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; D. A. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. B. Golubev; V. N. Ivanchenko; A. A. Korol; E. A. Kravchenko; A. P. Onuchin; A. A. Salnikov; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; V. I. Telnov; A. N. Yushkov; D. Best; A. J. Lankford; M. Mandelkern; S. McMahon; D. P. Stoker; A. Ahsan; K. Arisaka; C. Buchanan; S. Chun; J. G. Branson; D. B. Macfarlane; S. Prell; Sh. Rahatlou; G. Raven; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; B. Dahmes; P. A. Hart; N. Kuznetsova; S. L. Levy; O. Long; A. Lu; J. D. Richman; W. Verkerke; M. Witherell; S. Yellin; J. Beringer; D. E. Dorfan; A. M. Eisner; A. Frey; A. A. Grillo; M. Grothe; C. A. Heusch; R. P. Johnson; W. Kroeger; W. S. Lockman; T. Pulliam; H. Sadrozinski; T. Schalk; R. E. Schmitz; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. Turri; W. Walkowiak; D. C. Williams; M. G. Wilson; E. Chen; G. P. Dubois-Felsmann; A. Dvoretskii; D. G. Hitlin; S. Metzler; J. Oyang; F. C. Porter; A. Ryd; A. Samuel; M. Weaver; S. Yang; R. Y. Zhu; S. Devmal; T. L. Geld; S. Jayatilleke; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; M. D. Sokoloff; T. Barillari; P. Bloom; M. O. Dima; S. Fahey; W. T. Ford; D. R. Johnson; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; P. Rankin; J. Roy; S. Sen; J. G. Smith; W. C. van Hoek; D. L. Wagner; J. Blouw; J. L. Harton; M. Krishnamurthy; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; J. Zhang; T. Brandt; J. Brose; T. Colberg; G. Dahlinger; M. Dickopp; R. S. Dubitzky; E. Maly; R. Müller-Pfefferkorn; S. Otto; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; B. Spaan; L. Wilden; L. Behr; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; F. Brochard; J. Cohen-Tanugi; S. Ferrag; E. Roussot; S. T'jampens; Ch. Thiebaux; G. Vasileiadis; M. Verderi; A. Anjomshoaa; R. Bernet; A. Khan; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; J. E. Swain; M. Falbo; C. Borean; C. Bozzi; S. Dittongo; M. Folegani; L. Piemontese; E. Treadwell; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; D. Falciai; G. Finocchiaro; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; Y. Xie; A. Zallo; S. Bagnasco; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; G. Crosetti; P. Fabbricatore; S. Farinon; M. Lo Vetere; M. Macri; M. R. Monge; R. Musenich; M. Pallavicini; R. Parodi; S. Passaggio; F. C. Pastore; C. Patrignani; M. G. Pia; C. Priano; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; M. Morii; R. Bartoldus; T. Dignan; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; P.-A. Fischer; J. Lamsa; W. T. Meyer; E. I. Rosenberg; M. Benkebil; G. Grosdidier; C. Hast; A. Höcker; H. M. Lacker; S. Laplace; V. Lepeltier; A. M. Lutz; S. Plaszczynski; M. H. Schune; S. Trincaz-Duvoid; A. Valassi; G. Wormser; R. M. Bionta; V. Brigljevic; D. J. Lange; M. Mugge; X. Shi; K. van Bibber; T. J. Wenaus; D. M. Wright; C. R. Wuest; M. Carroll; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; M. George; M. Kay; D. J. Payne; R. J. Sloane; C. Touramanis; M. L. Aspinwall; D. A. Bowerman; P. D. Dauncey; U. Egede; I. Eschrich; N. J. Gunawardane; J. A. Nash; P. Sanders; D. Smith; D. E. Azzopardi; J. J. Back; P. Dixon; P. F. Harrison; R. J. Potter; H. W. Shorthouse; P. Strother; P. B. Vidal; M. I. Williams; G. Cowan; S. George; M. G. Green; A. Kurup; C. E. Marker; P. McGrath; T. R. McMahon; S. Ricciardi; F. Salvatore; I. J. Scott; G. Vaitsas; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; R. J. Barlow; J. T. Boyd; A. C. Forti; J. Fullwood; F. Jackson; G. D. Lafferty; N. Savvas; E. T. Simopoulos; J. H. Weatherall; A. Farbin; A. Jawahery; V. Lillard; J. Olsen; D. A. Roberts; J. R. Schieck; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; K. T. Flood; S. S. Hertzbach; R. Kofler; T. B. Moore; H. Staengle; S. Willocq; B. Brau; R. Cowan; G. Sciolla; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Milek; P. M. Patel; J. Trischuk; F. Lanni; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; M. Booke; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Kroeger; J. Reidy; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; J. P. Martin; J. Y. Nief; R. Seitz; P. Taras; V. Zacek; H. Nicholson; C. S. Sutton

2001-01-01

261

Search for the Decay B0 -->??  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a limit on the branching fraction for the decay B0-->?? using data collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e+e- collider. Based on the observation of one event in the signal region, out of a sample of 21.3×106 e+e--->?(4S)-->BBbar decays, we establish an upper limit on the branching fraction of B(B0-->??)<1.7×10-6 at the 90% confidence level. This result substantially improves upon existing limits.

Aubert, B.; Boutigny, D.; Gaillard, J.-M.; Hicheur, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Robbe, P.; Tisserand, V.; Palano, A.; Chen, G. P.; Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S.; Eigen, G.; Reinertsen, P. L.; Stugu, B.; Abbott, B.; Abrams, G. S.; Borgland, A. W.; Breon, A. B.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R. N.; Clark, A. R.; Gill, M. S.; Gritsan, A.; Groysman, Y.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kadel, R. W.; Kadyk, J.; Kerth, L. T.; Kluth, S.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Kral, J. F.; Leclerc, C.; Levi, M. E.; Liu, T.; Lynch, G.; Meyer, A. B.; Momayezi, M.; Oddone, P. J.; Perazzo, A.; Pripstein, M.; Roe, N. A.; Romosan, A.; Ronan, M. T.; Shelkov, V. G.; Telnov, A. V.; Wenzel, W. A.; Bright-Thomas, P. G.; Harrison, T. J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Knowles, D. J.; O'Neale, S. W.; Penny, R. C.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Deppermann, T.; Goetzen, K.; Koch, H.; Krug, J.; Kunze, M.; Lewandowski, B.; Peters, K.; Schmuecker, H.; Steinke, M.; Andress, J. C.; Barlow, N. R.; Bhimji, W.; Chevalier, N.; Clark, P. J.; Cottingham, W. N.; de Groot, N.; Dyce, N.; Foster, B.; McFall, J. D.; Wallom, D.; Wilson, F. F.; Abe, K.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Thiessen, D.; Jolly, S.; McKemey, A. K.; Tinslay, J.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Bukin, D. A.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Golubev, V. B.; Ivanchenko, V. N.; Korol, A. A.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Salnikov, A. A.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Telnov, V. I.; Yushkov, A. N.; Best, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; McMahon, S.; Stoker, D. P.; Ahsan, A.; Arisaka, K.; Buchanan, C.; Chun, S.; Branson, J. G.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Prell, S.; Rahatlou, Sh.; Raven, G.; Sharma, V.; Campagnari, C.; Dahmes, B.; Hart, P. A.; Kuznetsova, N.; Levy, S. L.; Long, O.; Lu, A.; Richman, J. D.; Verkerke, W.; Witherell, M.; Yellin, S.; Beringer, J.; Dorfan, D. E.; Eisner, A. M.; Frey, A.; Grillo, A. A.; Grothe, M.; Heusch, C. A.; Johnson, R. P.; Kroeger, W.; Lockman, W. S.; Pulliam, T.; Sadrozinski, H.; Schalk, T.; Schmitz, R. E.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Turri, M.; Walkowiak, W.; Williams, D. C.; Wilson, M. G.; Chen, E.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dvoretskii, A.; Hitlin, D. G.; Metzler, S.; Oyang, J.; Porter, F. C.; Ryd, A.; Samuel, A.; Weaver, M.; Yang, S.; Zhu, R. Y.; Devmal, S.; Geld, T. L.; Jayatilleke, S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Barillari, T.; Bloom, P.; Dima, M. O.; Fahey, S.; Ford, W. T.; Johnson, D. R.; Nauenberg, U.; Olivas, A.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Sen, S.; Smith, J. G.; van Hoek, W. C.; Wagner, D. L.; Blouw, J.; Harton, J. L.; Krishnamurthy, M.; Soffer, A.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Zhang, J.; Brandt, T.; Brose, J.; Colberg, T.; Dahlinger, G.; Dickopp, M.; Dubitzky, R. S.; Maly, E.; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R.; Otto, S.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Spaan, B.; Wilden, L.; Behr, L.; Bernard, D.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Brochard, F.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Ferrag, S.; Roussot, E.; T'jampens, S.; Thiebaux, Ch.; Vasileiadis, G.; Verderi, M.; Anjomshoaa, A.; Bernet, R.; Khan, A.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Swain, J. E.; Falbo, M.; Borean, C.; Bozzi, C.; Dittongo, S.; Folegani, M.; Piemontese, L.; Treadwell, E.; Anulli, F.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Falciai, D.; Finocchiaro, G.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Xie, Y.; Zallo, A.; Bagnasco, S.; Buzzo, A.; Contri, R.; Crosetti, G.; Fabbricatore, P.; Farinon, S.; Lo Vetere, M.; Macri, M.; Monge, M. R.; Musenich, R.; Pallavicini, M.; Parodi, R.; Passaggio, S.; Pastore, F. C.; Patrignani, C.; Pia, M. G.; Priano, C.; Robutti, E.; Santroni, A.; Morii, M.; Bartoldus, R.; Dignan, T.; Hamilton, R.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Fischer, P.-A.; Lamsa, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Benkebil, M.; Grosdidier, G.; Hast, C.; Höcker, A.; Lacker, H. M.; Laplace, S.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Plaszczynski, S.; Schune, M. H.; Trincaz-Duvoid, S.; Valassi, A.; Wormser, G.; Bionta, R. M.; Brigljevi?, V.; Lange, D. J.; Mugge, M.; Shi, X.; van Bibber, K.; Wenaus, T. J.; Wright, D. M.; Wuest, C. R.; Carroll, M.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; George, M.; Kay, M.; Payne, D. J.; Sloane, R. J.; Touramanis, C.; Aspinwall, M. L.; Bowerman, D. A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Egede, U.; Eschrich, I.; Gunawardane, N. J.; Nash, J. A.; Sanders, P.; Smith, D.; Azzopardi, D. E.; Back, J. J.; Dixon, P.; Harrison, P. F.; Potter, R. J.; Shorthouse, H. W.; Strother, P.; Vidal, P. B.; Williams, M. I.; Cowan, G.; George, S.; Green, M. G.; Kurup, A.; Marker, C. E.; McGrath, P.; McMahon, T. R.; Ricciardi, S.; Salvatore, F.; Scott, I.; Vaitsas, G.; Brown, D.; Davis, C. L.; Allison, J.; Barlow, R. J.; Boyd, J. T.; Forti, A. C.; Fullwood, J.; Jackson, F.; Lafferty, G. D.; Savvas, N.; Simopoulos, E. T.; Weatherall, J. H.; Farbin, A.; Jawahery, A.; Lillard, V.; Olsen, J.

2001-12-01

262

Radioactive Decay of Candium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this simulation, learners use M&M™ candy to explore radioactive isotope decay. Learners pour out a bag of candy and count and record the number of candy pieces that have "decayed" or show the print side up. Learners get to consume the "decayed atoms." Then, they will shake the bag again and recount the decay. Learners will continue shaking, counting and consuming until all the atoms have decayed, and then graph the results. This activity is a great introduction to half-life and nuclear decay.

The Science House

2014-01-28

263

Quantitative and high mass ToF-SIMS studies of siloxane segregation in hydrogel polymers using cryogenic sample handling techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the capabilities of cryogenic sample handling to examine composition and structure of hydrogel materials where siloxane components are central to the analysis. XPS analysis of multicomponent polymers with cryogenic sample handling following exposure to aqueous environments has revealed the composition and kinetics of near surface reorganization for siloxane and fluorocarbon containing polymers. In this study we report results from a ToF-SIMS protocol for cryogenic sample handling applied to the analysis of surface changes upon hydration/dehydration of hydrogel polymers. Comparison of results from angle dependent XPS and ToF-SIMS are discussed for a range of commercial soft contact lens materials. Both methods detected changes in surface chemistry between the hydrated (frozen) and dehydrated surfaces. Analysis of the hydrated surfaces detected polymer components indicative of the commercial formulation as well as ice clusters. Analysis of the dehydrated materials detected changes in surface chemistry relative to the hydrated surface in addition to loss of water due to sample dehydration. A quantitative standard additions method for ToF-SIMS data was used to determine submonolayer amounts of PDMS impurities at the surface of the hydrogels. ToF-SIMS analysis of a series of seven poly (allyl methacrylate- g-dimethylsiloxane), AMA- g-DMS, graft copolymers in the hydrated state revealed high mass oligomeric ion distributions for systems with bulk PDMS content greater than 25 wt.%. This marks the first time that detection of high mass oligomeric ion distributions from hydrated (frozen) surfaces has been reported. Analysis of the dehydrated surface detected formation of high mass oligomeric ion distributions for systems with PDMS bulk content greater than 15 wt.%, but only detected these ion distributions in wet (frozen) samples when the bulk concentration was greater than 25 wt.%.

Hook, Daniel J.; Valint, Paul L.; Chen, Lu; Gardella, Joseph A.

2006-07-01

264

Determination of the Delta resonance width from lattice QCD  

E-print Network

A method suitable for extracting resonance parameters of unstable baryons in lattice QCD is examined. The method is applied to the strong decay of the Delta to a pion-nucleon state, extracting the pi-N - Delta coupling constant and Delta decay width.

C. Alexandrou; J. W. Negele; M. Petschlies

2014-01-15

265

Cosmic string decay  

SciTech Connect

The authors calculate the rate of decay of cosmic string loops into fermions and bosons, at zero and non-zero temperatures, taking the back reaction of the string on itself into account. The decay rate is controlled by the radius of curvature of the string. They find that with the exception of decays into massless scalar fields at high temperatures, the decay rate is completely negligible for cosmologically interesting string loops, when compared to gravitational energy loss.

Brandenberger, R.; Matheson, A.

1987-07-01

266

MULTIPLE HIGH-VELOCITY SiO MASER FEATURES FROM THE HIGH-MASS PROTOSTAR W51 NORTH  

SciTech Connect

We present the detection of multiple high-velocity silicon monoxide (SiO v = 1, 2, J = 1-0) maser features in the high-mass protostar W51 North which are distributed over an exceedingly large velocity range from 105 to 230 km s{sup -1}. The SiO v = 1, J = 1-0 maser emission shows 3-5 narrow components which span a velocity range from 154 to 230 km s{sup -1} according to observational epochs. The SiO v = 2, J = 1-0 maser also shows 3-5 narrow components that do not correspond to the SiO v = 1 maser and span a velocity range from 105 to 154 km s{sup -1}. The multiple maser components show significant changes on very short timescales (<1 month) from epoch to epoch. We suggest that the high-velocity SiO masers may be emanated from massive star-forming activity of the W51 North protostar as SiO maser jets and will be a good probe of the earliest evolutionary stages of high-mass star formation via an accretion model. Further high angular resolution observations will be required for confirmation.

Cho, Se-Hyung; Kim, Jaeheon; Byun, Do-Young, E-mail: cho@kasi.re.kr, E-mail: jhkim@kasi.re.kr, E-mail: bdy@kasi.re.kr [Korean VLBI Network, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, P. O. Box 88, Yonsei University, Seongsan-ro 262, Seodaemun, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-02-01

267

Global Simulations of the Interaction of Microquasar Jets with a Stellar wind in High-Mass X-ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jets powered by high-mass X-ray binaries must traverse the powerful wind of the companion star. We present the first global 3-D simulations of jet-wind interaction in high-mass X-ray binaries. We show that the jet can be re-collimated where the internal jet pressure is equal to the wind ram pressure, and beyond the re-collimation, the jet thickness, h, follows from pressure equilibrium between the jet and bow-shock. Based on this analytic jet model, we analyze the effects of jet-wind interaction, bending the jet to an asymptotic angle ??. Through both numerical study and analytic approach, we formularize the ?? as a function of jet power and wind thrust, which can be used to constrain the jet power with known wind parameters. For example, we apply the formula to the case of Cygnus X-1, and show that given wind parameters for the O9.7 Iab companion, the jet power should be larger than 1.47 × 1036 ergs s-1 to keep the jet straight against the wind momentum flux as it is observed by VLBA. We further discuss the case where the initial jet is inclined relative to the binary orbital axis, which shows asymmetric behavior between approaching jet and receding jet from the companion star. We also analyze the case of Cygnus X-3 and show that jet bending is likely negligible unless the jet is significantly less powerful or much wider than currently thought.

Yoon, Doosoo; Heinz, Sebastian

2015-01-01

268

Interferometric Observations of High-Mass Star-Forming Clumps with Unusual N2H+/HCO+ Line Ratios  

E-print Network

The Millimetre Astronomy Legacy Team 90 GHz (MALT90) survey has detected high-mass star-forming clumps with anomalous N$_2$H$^+$/HCO$^+$(1-0) integrated intensity ratios that are either unusually high ("N$_2$H$^+$ rich") or unusually low ("N$_2$H$^+$ poor"). With 3 mm observations from the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA), we imaged two N$_2$H$^+$ rich clumps, G333.234-00.061 and G345.144-00.216, and two N$_2$H$^+$ poor clumps, G351.409+00.567 and G353.229+00.672. In these clumps, the N$_2$H$^+$ rich anomalies arise from extreme self-absorption of the HCO$^+$ line. G333.234-00.061 contains two of the most massive protostellar cores known with diameters of less than 0.1 pc, separated by a projected distance of only 0.12 pc. Unexpectedly, the higher mass core appears to be at an earlier evolutionary stage than the lower mass core, which may suggest that two different epochs of high-mass star formation can occur in close proximity. Through careful analysis of the ATCA observations and MALT90 clumps (incl...

Stephens, Ian W; Sanhueza, Patricio; Whitaker, J Scott; Hoq, Sadia; Rathborne, Jill M; Foster, Jonathan B

2015-01-01

269

Search for B>K*nunu¯ decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decays B-->K*nunu¯ using 454×106B Bmacr pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B-Factory. We first select an event sample where one B is reconstructed in a semileptonic or hadronic mode with one charmed meson. The remaining particles in the event are then examined to search for a

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; E. Prencipe; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Lynch; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; Z. Yasin; L. Zhang; V. Sharma; C. Campagnari; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; M. A. Mazur; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; A. J. Martinez; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; C. H. Cheng; D. A. Doll; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; A. Gaz; J. F. Hirschauer; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; R. Ayad; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; M. Karbach; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; M. J. Kobel; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; S. Playfer; J. E. Watson; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; V. Santoro; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; A. Adametz; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; V. Klose; H. M. Lacker; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; J. Firmino da Costa; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; C. K. Clarke; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; M. Sigamani; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; W. Gradl; G. Schott; K. E. Alwyn; D. Bailey; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. Jackson; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; X. Li; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; V. Lombardo; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; W. F. Wang; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; G. Castelli; N. Gagliardi; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; P. Del Amo Sanchez; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; S. Sitt; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; A. Cervelli; F. Forti; M. A. Giorgi; A. Lusiani; G. Marchiori; M. Morganti; N. Neri; E. Paoloni; G. Rizzo; J. J. Walsh; D. Lopes Pegna; C. Lu; J. Olsen; A. J. S. Smith; A. V. Telnov; F. Anulli; E. Baracchini; G. Cavoto; D. Del Re; E. di Marco; R. Faccini; F. Ferrarotto; F. Ferroni; M. Gaspero; P. D. Jackson; L. Li Gioi; M. A. Mazzoni; S. Morganti; G. Piredda; F. Polci; F. Renga; C. Voena; M. Ebert; T. Hartmann; H. Schröder; R. Waldi; T. Adye; B. Franek

2008-01-01

270

Search for the Rare Leptonic Decay B+??+??  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed a search for the rare leptonic decay B+??+?? with data collected at the ?(4S) resonance by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II storage ring. In a sample of 88.4×106 BB¯ pairs, we find no significant evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fraction B(B+??+??)<6.6×10-6 at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Gaillard, J.-M.; Hicheur, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; Palano, A.; Pompili, A.; Chen, J. C.; Qi, N. D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y. S.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.; Abrams, G. S.; Borgland, A. W.; Breon, A. B.; Brown, D. N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R. N.; Charles, E.; Day, C. T.; Gill, M. S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Groysman, Y.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kadel, R. W.; Kadyk, J.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Kukartsev, G.; Leclerc, C.; Levi, M. E.; Lynch, G.; Mir, L. M.; Oddone, P. J.; Orimoto, T. J.; Pripstein, M.; Roe, N. A.; Ronan, M. T.; Shelkov, V. G.; Telnov, A. V.; Wenzel, W. A.; Ford, K.; Harrison, T. J.; Hawkes, C. M.; Morgan, S. E.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Fritsch, M.; Goetzen, K.; Held, T.; Koch, H.; Lewandowski, B.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Schmuecker, H.; Steinke, M.; Boyd, J. T.; Chevalier, N.; Cottingham, W. N.; Kelly, M. P.; Latham, T. E.; Mackay, C.; Wilson, F. F.; Abe, K.; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Thiessen, D.; Kyberd, P.; McKemey, A. K.; Teodorescu, L.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Golubev, V. B.; Ivanchenko, V. N.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Yushkov, A. N.; Best, D.; Bruinsma, M.; Chao, M.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Mommsen, R. K.; Roethel, W.; Stoker, D. P.; Buchanan, C.; Hartfiel, B. L.; Gary, J. W.; Layter, J.; Shen, B. C.; Wang, K.; del Re, D.; Hadavand, H. K.; Hill, E. J.; Macfarlane, D. B.; Paar, H. P.; Rahatlou, Sh.; Sharma, V.; Berryhill, J. W.; Campagnari, C.; Dahmes, B.; Levy, S. L.; Long, O.; Lu, A.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Verkerke, W.; Beck, T. W.; Beringer, J.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Lockman, W. S.; Schalk, T.; Schmitz, R. E.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Spradlin, P.; Walkowiak, W.; Williams, D. C.; Wilson, M. G.; Albert, J.; Chen, E.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dvoretskii, A.; Erwin, R. J.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Ryd, A.; Samuel, A.; Yang, S.; Jayatilleke, S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Abe, T.; Blanc, F.; Bloom, P.; Chen, S.; Clark, P. J.; Ford, W. T.; Nauenberg, U.; Olivas, A.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J. G.; van Hoek, W. C.; Zhang, L.; Harton, J. L.; Hu, T.; Soffer, A.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Zhang, J.; Altenburg, D.; Brandt, T.; Brose, J.; Colberg, T.; Dickopp, M.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Lacker, H. M.; Maly, E.; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R.; Nogowski, R.; Otto, S.; Schubert, J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Spaan, B.; Bernard, D.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Brochard, F.; Grenier, P.; Thiebaux, Ch.; Vasileiadis, G.; Verderi, M.; Bard, D. J.; Khan, A.; Lavin, D.; Muheim, F.; Playfer, S.; Andreotti, M.; Azzolini, V.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Luppi, E.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Sarti, A.; Treadwell, E.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Patteri, P.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Buzzo, A.; Capra, R.; Contri, R.; Crosetti, G.; Vetere, M. Lo; Macri, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Santroni, A.; Tosi, S.; Bailey, S.; Morii, M.; Won, E.; Dubitzky, R. S.; Langenegger, U.; Bhimji, W.; Bowerman, D. A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Egede, U.; Gaillard, J. R.; Morton, G. W.; Nash, J. A.; Taylor, G. P.; Grenier, G. J.; Lee, S.-J.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Lamsa, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Yi, J.; Davier, M.; Grosdidier, G.; Höcker, A.; Laplace, S.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Petersen, T. C.; Plaszczynski, S.; Schune, M. H.; Tantot, L.; Wormser, G.; Brigljevi?, V.; Cheng, C. H.; Lange, D. J.; Simani, M. C.; Wright, D. M.; Bevan, A. J.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Kay, M.; Parry, R. J.; Payne, D. J.; Sloane, R. J.; Touramanis, C.; Back, J. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Mohanty, G. B.; Brown, C. L.; Cowan, G.; Flack, R. L.; Flaecher, H. U.; George, S.; Green, M. G.; Kurup, A.; Marker, C. E.; McMahon, T. R.; Ricciardi, S.; Salvatore, F.; Vaitsas, G.; Winter, M. A.; Brown, D.; Davis, C. L.; Allison, J.; Barlow, N. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Hart, P. A.; Hodgkinson, M. C.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lyon, A. J.; Williams, J. C.; Farbin, A.; Hulsbergen, W. D.; Jawahery, A.; Kovalskyi, D.; Lae, C. K.; Lillard, V.; Roberts, D. A.; Blaylock, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Flood, K. T.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Kofler, R.; Koptchev, V. B.; Moore, T. B.; Saremi, S.; Staengle, H.; Willocq, S.; Cowan, R.; Sciolla, G.; Taylor, F.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Mangeol, D. J.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Lazzaro, A.; Palombo, F.; Bauer, J. M.; Cremaldi, L.; Eschenburg, V.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Reidy, J.; Sanders, D. A.; Summers, D. J.; Zhao, H. W.; Brunet, S.; Cote-Ahern, D.; Taras, P.

2004-06-01

271

Search for leptoquarks in Z0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have searched for direct leptoquark production in Z0 decays from a scan of the Z0 resonance, in the energy range 88.2 <= &surd;s <= 94.2 GeV, using 5.2 pb-1 of data. We exclude the existence of scalar leptoquarks with masses less than 41 to 44 GeV, depending on the charge assignments, at the 95% confidence level. Supported by the

B. Adeva; O. Adriani; M. Aguilar-Benitez; H. Akbari; J. Alcaraz; A. Aloisio; G. Alverson; M. G. Alviggi; Q. An; H. Anderhub; A. L. Anderson; V. P. Andreev; T. Angelov; L. Antonov; D. Antreasyan; P. Arce; A. Arefiev; T. Azemoon; P. V. K. S. Baba; P. Bagnaia; J. A. Bakken; L. Baksay; R. C. Ball; S. Banerjee; J. Bao; L. Barone; A. Bay; U. Becker; J. Behrens; S. Beingessner; Gy. L. Bencze; J. Berdugo; P. Berges; B. Bertucci; A. Biland; R. Bizzarri; J. J. Blaising; P. Blömeke; B. Blumenfeld; G. J. Bobbink; M. Bocciolini; R. Bock; A. Böhm; B. Borgia; D. Bourilkov; M. Bourquin; D. Boutigny; B. Bouwens; J. G. Branson; I. C. Brock; F. Bruyant; C. Buisson; A. Bujak; J. D. Burger; J D Burger; J. Busenitz; X. D. Cai; M. Capell; F. Carbonara; P. Cardenal; F. Carminati; A. M. Cartacci; M. Cerrada; F. Cesaroni; Y. H. Chang; U. K. Chaturvedi; M. Chemarin; A. Chen; C. Chen; G. M. Chen; H. F. Chen; H. S. Chen; M. Chen; W. Y. Chen; G. Chiefari; C. Y. Chien; F. Chollet; C. Civinini; I. Clare; R. Clare; H. O. Cohn; G. Coignet; N. Colino; V. Commichau; G. Conforto; A. Contin; F. Crijns; X. Y. Cui; T. S. Dai; R. D'Alessandro; R. de Asmundis; A. Degré; K. Deiters; E. Dénes; P. Denes; F. Denotaristefani; M. Dhina; Daryl DiBitonto; M. Diemoz; F. Diez-Hedo; H. R. Dimitrov; C. Dionisi; R. Divià; M. T. Dova; E. Drago; T. Driever; D Duschesneau; P. Duinker; I. Duran; H. El Mamouni; A. Engler; F. J. Eppling; F. C. Erné; Pierre Extermann; R. Fabbretti; G. Faber; M. Fabre; S. Falciano; Q. Fan; S. J. Fan; O. Fackler; J. Fay; J. Fehlmann; T. Ferguson; G. Fernandez; F. Ferroni; H S Fesefeldt; J. Field; Frank Filthaut; G. Finocchiaro; P. H. Fisher; G. Forconi; T. Foreman; Klaus Freudenreich; W. Friebel; M. Fukushima; M. Gailloud; Yu. Galaktionov; E. Gallo; S. N. Ganguli; P. Garcia-Abia; S. S. Gau; D. Gele; S. Gentile; M. Glaubman; S. Goldfarb; Z. F. Gong; E. Gonzalez; A. Gordeev; P. Göttlicher; D. Goujon; Giorgio Gratta; C. Grinnell; M. Gruenewald; M. Guanziroli; J. K. Guo; A. Gurtu; H. R. Gustafson; L. J. Gutay; H. Haan; A. Hasan; D. Hauschildt; C. F. He; T. Hebbeker; M. Hebert; G. Herten; U. Herten; A. Hervé; K. Hilgers; H. Hofer; H. Hoorani; L. S. Hsu; G. Hu; B. Ille; M. M. Ilyas; Vincenzo Innocente; E. Isiksal; H. Janssen; B. N. Jin; L. W. Jones; A. Kasser; R. A. Khan; Yu A Kamyshkov; Yu Karyotakis; M. Kaur; S. Khokhar; V. Khoze; M. N. Kienzle-Focacci; W W Kinnison; D. Kirkby; W. Kittel; A. Klimentov; A. C. König; O. Kornadt; V F Koutsenko; R. W. Kraemer; T. Kramer; V. R. Krastev; W. Krenz; J F Krizmanic; K. S. Kumar; V. Kumar; A. Kunin; V. Lalieu; G. Landi; K. Lanius; D. Lanske; S. Lanzano; P Lecomte; P. Lecomte; P. Lecoq; P. Le Coultre; D. Lee; I. Leedom; J. M. Le Goff; L. Leistam; R. Leiste; M. Lenti; E. Leonardi; J. Lettry; P. M. Levchenko; X. Leytens; C. Li; H. T. Li; J. F. Li; L. Li; P. J. Li; Q. Li; X. G. Li; J. Y. Liao; Z. Y. Lin; F. L. Linde; B. Lindemann; D. Linnhofer; R. Liu; Y. Liu; W. Lohmann; E. Longo; Y. S. Lu; J. M. Lubbers; K. Lübelsmeyer; C. Luci; D. Luckey; L. Ludovici; X. Lue; L. Luminari; W. G. Ma; M. MacDermott; R. Magahiz; M. Maire; P. K. Malhotra; R. Malik; A. Malinin; C. Maña; D. N. Mao; Y. F. Mao; M. Maolinbay; P. Marchesini; A. Marchionni; B. Martin; J. P. Martin; L. Martinez-Laso; F. Marzano; G. G. G. Massaro; T. Matsuda; K. Mazumdar; P. McBride; T. McMahon; D. McNally; Th. Meinholz; M. Merk; L. Merola; M. Meschini; W. J. Metzger; Y. Mi; G. B. Mills; Y. Mir; G. Mirabelli; J. Mnich; M. Möller; B. Monteleoni; G. Morand; R. Morand; S. Morganti; N. E. Moulai; R. Mount; S. Müller; E. Nagy; M. Napolitano; H. Newman; C. Neyer; M. A. Niaz; L. Niessen; H. Nowak; D. Pandoulas; F. Plasil; G Paternoster; S. Patricelli; Y. J. Pei; D. Perret-Gallix; J. Perrier; A. Pevsner; M. Pieri; P. A. Piroué; V. Plyaskin; M. Pohl; V. Pojidaev; N. Produit; J. M. Qian; K. N. Qureshi; R. Raghavan; G. Rahal-Callot; P. Razis; K. Read; D. Ren; S. Reucroft; A. Ricker; S. Riemann; O. Rind; C. Rippich; H. A. Rizvi; B. P. Roe; M. Röhner; S. Röhner; U. Roeser; L. Romero; J. Rose; S. Rosier-Lees; R. Rosmalen; Ph. Rosselet; André Rubbia; Juan Antonio Rubio; M. Rubio; W. Ruckstuhl; H. Rykaczewski; M. Sachwitz; J. Salicio; G. Sanders; M. S. Sarakinos; G. Sartorelli; G. Sauvage; A. Savin; V Shchegelskii; K. Schmiemann; D. Schmitz; P. Schmitz; M. Schneegans; Herwig Franz Schopper; D. J. Schotanus; S. Shotkin; H. J. Schreiber; R. Schulte; S. Schulte; K. Schultze; J. Schütte; J. Schwenke; G. Schwering; C. Sciacca; I. Scott; R. Sehgal; P. G. Seiler; Johannes C Sens; I. Sheer; D. Z. Shen; V. Shevchenko; S. Shevchenko; X. R. Shi; K D Shmakov; V. Shoutko; E. Shumilov; N. Smirnov; E. Soderstrom; André Sopczak; C. Spartiotis; T. Spickermann; B. Spiess; P. Spillantini; R. Starosta; M. Steuer; D. P. Stickland; F. Sticozzi; W. Stoeffl; H. Stone; K. Strauch; B. C. Stringfellow; K. Sudhakar; G G Sultanov; R. L. Sumner

1991-01-01

272

Observation of B+/- -->omegaK+/- decay.  

PubMed

We report the first observation of the charmless two-body mode B+/--->omegaK+/- decay, and a new measurement of the branching fraction for the B+/--->omegapi(+/-) decay. The measured branching fractions are B(B+/--->omegaK+/-)=(9.2(+2.6)(-2.3)+/-1.0)x10(-6) and B(B+/--->omegapi(+/-))=(4.2(+2.0)(-1.8)+/-0.5)x10(-6). We also measure the partial rate asymmetry of B+/--->omegaK+/- decays and obtain A(CP)=-0.21+/-0.28+/-0.03. The results are based on a data sample of 29.4 fb(-1) collected on the Upsilon(4S) resonance by the Belle detector at the KEKB e(+)e(-) collider. PMID:12443111

Lu, R-S; Abe, K; Abe, K; Abe, N; Abe, R; Abe, T; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Asano, Y; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Ban, Y; Banas, E; Bedny, I; Behera, P K; Bizjak, I; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Browder, T E; Casey, B C K; Chang, M-C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chen, K-F; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Choi, S-K; Choi, Y; Choi, Y K; Danilov, M; Dong, L Y; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Eiges, V; Everton, C W; Fukunaga, C; Gabyshev, N; Gershon, T; Golob, B; Gordon, A; Guo, R; Haba, J; Hara, T; Harada, Y; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heenan, E M; Higuchi, T; Hinz, L; Hokuue, T; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W-S; Hsu, S-C; Huang, H-C; Igaki, T; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, H; Iwasaki, Y; Jang, H K; Kang, J H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawakami, Y; Kawamura, N; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, D W; Kim, Heejong; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, Hyunwoo; Kim, S K; Kinoshita, K; Krokovny, P; Kulasiri, R; Kumar, S; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y-J; Leder, G; Lee, S H; Li, J; Liventsev, D; MacNaughton, J; Majumder, G; Mandl, F; Matsuishi, T; Matsumoto, S; Matsumoto, T; Mitaroff, W; Miyabayashi, K; Miyabayashi, Y; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Moloney, G R; Mori, T; Murakami, A; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakadaira, T; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nam, J W; Natkaniec, Z; Neichi, K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, S; Ohno, F; Ohshima, T; Okabe, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Peak, L S; Perroud, J-P; Peters, M; Piilonen, L E; Root, N; Rybicki, K; Sagawa, H; Saitoh, S; Sakai, Y; Satapathy, M; Satpathy, A; Schneider, O; Schrenk, S; Semenov, S; Senyo, K; Seuster, R; Sevior, M E; Shibuya, H; Sidorov, V; Singh, J B; Soni, N; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Sugi, A; Sugiyama, A; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Takahashi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tamura, N; Tanaka, J; Tanaka, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tokuda, S; Tomoto, M; Tomura, T; Tovey, S N; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Tsukamoto, T; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uno, S; Ushiroda, Y; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, J G; Wang, M-Z; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamada, Y; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yeh, P; Yuan, Y; Zhang, J; Zhang, Z P; Zheng, Y; Zontar, D

2002-11-01

273

Observation of B+/--->?K+/- Decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the first observation of the charmless two-body mode B+/--->?K+/- decay, and a new measurement of the branching fraction for the B+/--->??+/- decay. The measured branching fractions are B(B+/--->?K+/-)=(9.2+2.6-2.3+/-1.0)×10-6 and B(B+/--->??+/-)=(4.2+2.0-1.8+/-0.5)×10- 6. We also measure the partial rate asymmetry of B+/--->?K+/- decays and obtain ACP=-0.21+/-0.28+/-0.03. The results are based on a data sample of 29.4 fb-1 collected on the ?(4S) resonance by the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e- collider.

Lu, R.-S.; Abe, K.; Abe, K.; Abe, N.; Abe, R.; Abe, T.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asano, Y.; Aso, T.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Ban, Y.; Banas, E.; Bedny, I.; Behera, P. K.; Bizjak, I.; Bondar, A.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Casey, B. C.; Chang, M.-C.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chen, K.-F.; Cheon, B. G.; Chistov, R.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Choi, Y. K.; Danilov, M.; Dong, L. Y.; Drutskoy, A.; Eidelman, S.; Eiges, V.; Everton, C. W.; Fukunaga, C.; Gabyshev, N.; Gershon, T.; Golob, B.; Gordon, A.; Guo, R.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Harada, Y.; Hayashii, H.; Hazumi, M.; Heenan, E. M.; Higuchi, T.; Hinz, L.; Hokuue, T.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsu, S.-C.; Huang, H.-C.; Igaki, T.; Igarashi, Y.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jang, H. K.; Kang, J. H.; Kapusta, P.; Kataoka, S. U.; Katayama, N.; Kawai, H.; Kawakami, Y.; Kawamura, N.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, Heejong; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, Hyunwoo; Kim, S. K.; Kinoshita, K.; Krokovny, P.; Kulasiri, R.; Kumar, S.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Leder, G.; Lee, S. H.; Li, J.; Liventsev, D.; MacNaughton, J.; Majumder, G.; Mandl, F.; Matsuishi, T.; Matsumoto, S.; Matsumoto, T.; Mitaroff, W.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyabayashi, Y.; Miyake, H.; Miyata, H.; Moloney, G. R.; Mori, T.; Murakami, A.; Nagamine, T.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nam, J. W.; Natkaniec, Z.; Neichi, K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Noguchi, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ogawa, S.; Ohno, F.; Ohshima, T.; Okabe, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Ostrowicz, W.; Ozaki, H.; Palka, H.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Peak, L. S.; Perroud, J.-P.; Peters, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Root, N.; Rybicki, K.; Sagawa, H.; Saitoh, S.; Sakai, Y.; Satapathy, M.; Satpathy, A.; Schneider, O.; Schrenk, S.; Semenov, S.; Senyo, K.; Seuster, R.; Sevior, M. E.; Shibuya, H.; Sidorov, V.; Singh, J. B.; Soni, N.; Stani?, S.; Stari?, M.; Sugi, A.; Sugiyama, A.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Suzuki, K.; Suzuki, S.; Takahashi, T.; Takasaki, F.; Tamai, K.; Tamura, N.; Tanaka, J.; Tanaka, M.; Taylor, G. N.; Teramoto, Y.; Tokuda, S.; Tomoto, M.; Tomura, T.; Tovey, S. N.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Tsukamoto, T.; Uehara, S.; Ueno, K.; Uno, S.; Ushiroda, Y.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Wang, C. C.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, J. G.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamada, Y.; Yamashita, Y.; Yamauchi, M.; Yeh, P.; Yuan, Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zheng, Y.; Žontar, D.

2002-10-01

274

Anatomy of three-body decay III. Energy distributions  

E-print Network

We address the problem of calculating momentum distributions of particles emerging from the three-body decay of a many-body resonance. We show that these distributions are determined by the asymptotics of the coordinate-space complex-energy wave-function of the resonance. We use the hyperspherical adiabatic expansion method where all lengths are proportional to the hyperradius. The structures of the resonances are related to different decay mechanisms. For direct decay all inter-particle distances increase proportional to the hyperradius at intermediate and large distances. Sequential three-body decay proceeds via spatially confined quasi-stationary two-body configurations. Then two particles remain close while the third moves away. The wave function may contain mixtures which produce coherence effects at small distances, but the energy distributions can still be added incoherently. Two-neutron halos are discussed in details and illustrated by the $2^+$ resonance in $^{6}$He. The dynamic evolution of the decay process is discussed.

E. Garrido; D. V. Fedorov; A. S. Jensen; H. O. U. Fynbo

2005-12-01

275

Search for resonances in the dilepton mass distribution in pp collisions at TeV  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search for narrow resonances at high mass in the dimuon and dielectron channels has been performed by the CMS experiment\\u000a at the CERN LHC, using pp collision data recorded at TeV. The event samples correspond to integrated luminosities of 40 pb?1 in the dimuon channel and 35 pb?1 in the dielectron channel. Heavy dilepton resonances are predicted in theoretical

S. Chatrchyan; V. Khachatryan; A. M. Sirunyan; A. Tumasyan; W. Adam; T. Bergauer; M. Dragicevic; J. Erö; C. Fabjan; M. Friedl; R. Frühwirth; V. M. Ghete; J. Hammer; S. Hänsel; M. Hoch; N. Hörmann; J. Hrubec; M. Jeitler; G. Kasieczka; W. Kiesenhofer; M. Krammer; D. Liko; I. Mikulec; M. Pernicka; H. Rohringer; R. Schöfbeck; J. Strauss; F. Teischinger; P. Wagner; W. Waltenberger; G. Walzel; E. Widl; C.-E. Wulz; V. Mossolov; N. Shumeiko; J. Suarez Gonzalez; L. Benucci; E. A. De Wolf; X. Janssen; T. Maes; L. Mucibello; S. Ochesanu; B. Roland; R. Rougny; M. Selvaggi; H. Van Haevermaet; P. Van Mechelen; N. Van Remortel; F. Blekman; S. Blyweert; J. D’Hondt; O. Devroede; R. Gonzalez Suarez; A. Kalogeropoulos; J. Maes; M. Maes; W. Van Doninck; P. Van Mulders; G. P. Van Onsem; I. Villella; O. Charaf; B. Clerbaux; G. De Lentdecker; V. Dero; A. P. R. Gay; G. H. Hammad; T. Hreus; P. E. Marage; L. Thomas; C. Vander Velde; P. Vanlaer; V. Adler; A. Cimmino; S. Costantini; M. Grunewald; B. Klein; J. Lellouch; A. Marinov; J. Mccartin; D. Ryckbosch; F. Thyssen; M. Tytgat; L. Vanelderen; P. Verwilligen; S. Walsh; N. Zaganidis; S. Basegmez; G. Bruno; J. Caudron; L. Ceard; E. Cortina Gil; J. De Favereau De Jeneret; C. Delaere; D. Favart; A. Giammanco; G. Grégoire; J. Hollar; V. Lemaitre; J. Liao; O. Militaru; S. Ovyn; D. Pagano; A. Pin; K. Piotrzkowski; N. Schul; N. Beliy; T. Caebergs; E. Daubie; G. A. Alves; D. De Jesus Damiao; M. E. Pol; M. H. G. Souza; W. Carvalho; E. M. Da Costa; C. De Oliveira Martins; S. Fonseca De Souza; L. Mundim; H. Nogima; V. Oguri; W. L. Prado Da Silva; A. Santoro; S. M. Silva Do Amaral; A. Sznajder; F. Torres Da Silva De Araujo; F. A. Dias; T. R. Fernandez Perez Tomei; E. M. Gregores; C. Lagana; F. Marinho; P. G. Mercadante; S. F. Novaes; Sandra S. Padula; N. Darmenov; L. Dimitrov; V. Genchev; P. Iaydjiev; S. Piperov; M. Rodozov; S. Stoykova; G. Sultanov; V. Tcholakov; R. Trayanov; I. Vankov; A. Dimitrov; R. Hadjiiska; A. Karadzhinova; V. Kozhuharov; L. Litov; M. Mateev; B. Pavlov; P. Petkov; J. G. Bian; G. M. Chen; H. S. Chen; C. H. Jiang; D. Liang; S. Liang; X. Meng; J. Tao; J. Wang; X. Wang; Z. Wang; H. Xiao; M. Xu; J. Zang; Z. Zhang; Y. Ban; S. Guo; Y. Guo; W. Li; Y. Mao; S. J. Qian; H. Teng; L. Zhang; B. Zhu; W. Zou; A. Cabrera; B. Gomez Moreno; A. A. Ocampo Rios; A. F. Osorio Oliveros; J. C. Sanabria; N. Godinovic; D. Lelas; K. Lelas; R. Plestina; D. Polic; I. Puljak; Z. Antunovic; M. Dzelalija; V. Brigljevic; S. Duric; K. Kadija; S. Morovic; A. Attikis; M. Galanti; J. Mousa; C. Nicolaou; F. Ptochos; P. A. Razis; M. Finger; Y. Assran; S. Khalil; M. A. Mahmoud; A. Hektor; M. Kadastik; M. Müntel; M. Raidal; L. Rebane; V. Azzolini; P. Eerola; G. Fedi; S. Czellar; J. Härkönen; A. Heikkinen; V. Karimäki; R. Kinnunen; M. J. Kortelainen; T. Lampén; K. Lassila-Perini; S. Lehti; T. Lindén; P. Luukka; T. Mäenpää; E. Tuominen; J. Tuominiemi; E. Tuovinen; D. Ungaro; L. Wendland; K. Banzuzi; A. Korpela; T. Tuuva; D. Sillou; M. Besancon; S. Choudhury; M. Dejardin; D. Denegri; B. Fabbro; J. L. Faure; F. Ferri; S. Ganjour; F. X. Gentit; A. Givernaud; P. Gras; G. Hamel de Monchenault; P. Jarry; E. Locci; J. Malcles; M. Marionneau; L. Millischer; J. Rander; A. Rosowsky; I. Shreyber; M. Titov; P. Verrecchia; S. Baffioni; F. Beaudette; L. Benhabib; L. Bianchini; M. Bluj; C. Broutin; P. Busson; C. Charlot; T. Dahms; L. Dobrzynski; S. Elgammal; R. Granier de Cassagnac; M. Haguenauer; P. Miné; C. Mironov; C. Ochando; P. Paganini; D. Sabes; R. Salerno; Y. Sirois; C. Thiebaux; B. Wyslouch; A. Zabi; J.-L. Agram; J. Andrea; D. Bloch; D. Bodin; J.-M. Brom; M. Cardaci; E. C. Chabert; C. Collard; E. Conte; F. Drouhin; C. Ferro; J.-C. Fontaine; D. Gelé; U. Goerlach; S. Greder; P. Juillot; M. Karim; A.-C. Le Bihan; Y. Mikami; P. Van Hove; F. Fassi; D. Mercier; C. Baty; S. Beauceron; N. Beaupere; M. Bedjidian; O. Bondu; G. Boudoul; D. Boumediene; H. Brun; R. Chierici; D. Contardo; P. Depasse; H. El Mamouni; J. Fay; S. Gascon; B. Ille; T. Kurca; T. Le Grand; M. Lethuillier; L. Mirabito; S. Perries; V. Sordini; S. Tosi; Y. Tschudi; P. Verdier; D. Lomidze; G. Anagnostou; M. Edelhoff; L. Feld; N. Heracleous; O. Hindrichs; R. Jussen; K. Klein; J. Merz; N. Mohr; A. Ostapchuk; A. Perieanu; F. Raupach; J. Sammet; S. Schael; D. Sprenger; H. Weber; M. Weber; B. Wittmer; M. Ata; W. Bender; E. Dietz-Laursonn; M. Erdmann; J. Frangenheim; T. Hebbeker; A. Hinzmann; K. Hoepfner; T. Klimkovich; D. Klingebiel; P. Kreuzer; D. Lanske; C. Magass; M. Merschmeyer; A. Meyer; P. Papacz; H. Pieta; H. Reithler; S. A. Schmitz; L. Sonnenschein; J. Steggemann; D. Teyssier; M. Tonutti; M. Bontenackels; M. Davids; M. Duda; G. Flügge; H. Geenen; M. Giffels; W. Haj Ahmad; D. Heydhausen; T. Kress; Y. Kuessel; A. Linn; A. Nowack; L. Perchalla; O. Pooth; J. Rennefeld; P. Sauerland; A. Stahl; M. Thomas

2011-01-01

276

Linking pre- and proto-stellar objects in the intermediate-/high-mass star forming region IRAS 05345+3157  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context: To better understand the initial conditions of the high-mass star formation process, it is crucial to study at high angular resolution the morphology, the kinematics, and the interactions of the coldest condensations associated with intermediate-/high-mass star forming regions. Aims: This paper studies the cold condensations in the intermediate-/high-mass proto-cluster IRAS 05345+3157, focusing on the interaction with the other objects in the cluster. Methods: We performed millimeter high-angular resolution observations, both in the continuum and several molecular lines, with the PdBI and the SMA. In a recent paper, we published part of these data. The main finding of that work was the detection of two cold and dense gaseous condensations, called N and S (masses ˜ 2 and ˜ 9 M_?), characterised by high values of deuterium fractionation (˜ 0.1 in both cores) obtained from the column density ratio N(N{2}D+)/N(N{2}H+). In this paper, we present a full report of the observations, and a complete analysis of the data obtained. Results: The millimeter maps reveal the presence of 3 cores inside the interferometer primary beam, called C1-a, C1-b and C2. None of them are associated with cores N and S. C1-b is very likely associated with a newly formed early-B ZAMS star embedded inside a hot core, while C1-a is more likely associated with a class 0 intermediate-mass protostar. The nature of C2 is unclear. Both C1-a and C1-b are good candidates as driving sources of a powerful 12CO outflow, which strongly interacts with N, as demonstrated by the velocity gradient of the gas along this condensation. The N{2}H+ linewidths are between ˜ 1 and 2 km s-1 in the region where the continuum cores are located, and smaller (˜ 0.5-1.5 km s-1) towards N and S, indicating that the gas in the deuterated condensations is more quiescent than that associated with the continuum sources. This is consistent with the fact that they are still in the pre-stellar phase and hence the star formation process has not yet taken place there. Conclusions: The study of the gas kinematics across the source indicates a tight interaction between deuterated condensations and the sources embedded in millimeter cores. For the nature of N and S, we propose two scenarios: they can be low-mass pre-stellar condensations or “seeds” of future high-mass star(s). However, from these data it is not possible to establish how the turbulence triggered by the neghbouring cluster of protostars can influence the evolution of the condensations. Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain). The Submillimeter Array is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica. The fits-files of the 93 GHz continuum image and of the N{2}H+ (1-0) data-cubes are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/499/233

Fontani, F.; Zhang, Q.; Caselli, P.; Bourke, T. L.

2009-05-01

277

A Seyfert-2-like Spectrum in the High-mass X-Ray Binary Microquasar V4641 Sgr  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an analysis of three archival Chandra observations of the black hole V4641 Sgr, performed during a decline into quiescence. The last two observations in the sequence can be modeled with a simple power law. The first spectrum, however, is remarkably similar to spectra observed in Seyfert-2 active galactic nuclei, which arise through a combination of obscuration and reflection from distant material. This spectrum of V4641 Sgr can be fit extremely well with a model including partial-covering absorption and distant reflection. This model recovers a ? ~= 2.0 power-law incident spectrum, typical of black holes at low Eddington fractions. The implied geometry is plausible in a high-mass X-ray binary like V4641 Sgr, and may be as compelling as explanations invoking Doppler-split line pairs in a jet, and/or unusual Comptonization. We discuss potential implications and means of testing these models.

Morningstar, Warren R.; Miller, Jon M.; Reynolds, M. T.; Maitra, Dipankar

2014-05-01

278

Electron resonances in DIET  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The appearance of peaks or maxima in desorption yield functions, obtained by 5 to 20 eV electrons impinging from vacuum onto atomic or molecular solid films, reveals the formation of transient anions (i.e. electron resonances) at specific energies. Depending on the interaction of the incident electron with a particular atom or molecule and with the surrounding medium, the transient anion can cause desorption of a stable anion and one or more neutral fragments or only neutral particle ejection. The former process occurs when the transitory anionic state dissociates before autoionization, whereas decay by electron emission can, under certain circumstances, result in neutral atom or molecule desorption. Details on these mechanisms are given in this article. They are illustrated from desorption yield functions recorded for 5-20 eV electron impact on thin film targets made of pure Ar, CO 2, D 2O and mixtures of Ar with H 2O, O 2 and n-hexane.

Sanche, Léon

2000-04-01

279

A new quark-hadron hybrid equation of state for astrophysics - I. High-mass twin compact stars  

E-print Network

Aims: We present a new microscopic hadron-quark hybrid equation of state model for astrophysical applications, from which compact hybrid star configurations are constructed. These are composed of a quark core and a hadronic shell with first-order phase transition at their interface. The resulting mass-radius relations are in accordance with the latest astrophysical constraints. Methods: The quark matter description is based on a QCD motivated chiral approach with higher-order quark interactions in the Dirac scalar and vector coupling channels. For hadronic matter we select a relativistic mean-field equation of state with density-dependent couplings. Since the nucleons are treated in the quasi-particle framework, an excluded volume correction has been included for the nuclear equation of state at suprasaturation density which takes into account the finite size of the nucleons. Results: These novel aspects, excluded volume in the hadronic phase and the higher-order repulsive interactions in the quark phase, lead to a strong first-order phase transition with large latent heat, i.e. the energy-density jump at the phase transition, which fulfills a criterion for a disconnected third-family branch of compact stars in the mass-radius relationship. These \\textit{twin} stars appear at high masses ($\\sim$ 2 M$_\\odot$) being relevant for current observations of high-mass pulsars. Conclusions: This analysis offers a unique possibility by radius observations of compact stars to probe the QCD phase diagram at zero temperature and large chemical potential and even to support the existence of a critical point in the QCD phase diagram.

Sanjin Benic; David Blaschke; David E. Alvarez-Castillo; Tobias Fischer; Stefan Typel

2014-11-11

280

Observation of the resonant character of the Z(4430)(-) state.  

PubMed

Resonant structures in B^{0}??^{'}?^{-}K^{+} decays are analyzed by performing a four-dimensional fit of the decay amplitude, using pp collision data corresponding to 3??fb^{-1} collected with the LHCb detector. The data cannot be described with K^{+}?^{-} resonances alone, which is confirmed with a model-independent approach. A highly significant Z(4430)^{-}??^{'}?^{-} component is required, thus confirming the existence of this state. The observed evolution of the Z(4430)^{-} amplitude with the ?^{'}?^{-} mass establishes the resonant nature of this particle. The mass and width measurements are substantially improved. The spin parity is determined unambiguously to be 1^{+}. PMID:24949760

Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; An, L; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andreotti, M; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Badalov, A; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Batozskaya, V; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beaucourt, L; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Borsato, M; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brodzicka, J; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Calabrese, R; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cassina, L; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, S; Cheung, S-F; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Corvo, M; Counts, I; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Cruz Torres, M; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; Dalseno, J; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dorigo, M; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dujany, G; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Ely, S; Esen, S; Evans, T; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Farinelli, C; Farley, N; Farry, S; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fiorini, M; Firlej, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fiutowski, T; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Fu, J; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gallorini, S; Gambetta, S; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gavardi, L; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gianelle, A; Giani', S; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Gotti, C; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grillo, L; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Han, X; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Henry, L; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Heß, M; Hicheur, A; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jalocha, J; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jawahery, A; Jezabek, M; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Jurik, N; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kelsey, M; Kenyon, I R; Ketel, T; Khanji, B; Khurewathanakul, C; Klaver, S; Kochebina, O; Kolpin, M; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Langhans, B; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Lionetto, F; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez-March, N; Lowdon, P; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luo, H; Lupato, A; Luppi, E; Lupton, O; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Manzali, M; Maratas, J; Marchand, J F; Marconi, U; Marin Benito, C; Marino, P; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martinez Vidal, F; Martins Tostes, D

2014-06-01

281

New Physics in Resonant Production of Higgs Boson Pairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We advocate a search for an extended scalar sector at the LHC via h h production, where h is the 125 GeV Higgs boson. A resonance feature in the h h invariant mass is a smoking gun of an s -channel heavy Higgs resonance, H . With one h decaying to two photons and the other decaying to b quarks, the resonant signal may be discoverable above the h h continuum background for MH<1 TeV . The product of the scalar and top Yukawa couplings can be measured to better than 10%-20% accuracy, and its sign can be inferred from the h h line shape via interference effects.

Barger, Vernon; Everett, Lisa L.; Jackson, C. B.; Peterson, Andrea D.; Shaughnessy, Gabe

2015-01-01

282

Subdiffraction Focusing Enabled by a Fano Resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiationless electromagnetic interference (REI) has been used to achieve focusing below Abbe's diffraction limit. Here, we demonstrate an approach to REI that uses the Fano resonance of subwavelength slits to achieve subdiffraction focusing. Two main features of the Fano resonance are critical: (1) The Fano resonance suppresses radiation by destructive interference, thereby allowing for REI, and (2) the Fano resonance creates a resonant field enhancement allowing one to overcome evanescent decay, which is different from past approaches to REI. An analytic theory is introduced to explain these results. While the analytic theory is formulated for a perfect electric conductor, comprehensive numerical simulations show the applicability in the visible regime, where losses and plasmonic effects play a role.

Chen, Shuwen; Jin, Shilong; Gordon, Reuven

2014-07-01

283

Dark resonance  

SciTech Connect

We construct explicit models of particle dark matter where the attractive force in the dark matter sector creates a narrow near-threshold resonance that qualitatively changes the energy dependence of the annihilation cross section. In these models, the resonant enhancement of the dark matter annihilation can easily source the excess of energetic leptons observed by the PAMELA experiment. The distinct feature of these models is that by construction the enhancement of the annihilation cross section shuts off when the dark matter velocity falls below the typical Milky Way values, thus automatically satisfying constraints on dark matter annihilation imposed by the CMB anisotropies and gamma ray constraints from satellite galaxies. However, the resonant enhancement of annihilation can be probed through the most recent FERMI-LAT constraints on the diffuse galactic gamma ray emission.

An, Haipeng; Pospelov, Maxim, E-mail: han@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: mpospelov@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON, N2J 2W9 (Canada)

2012-11-01

284

Observation of B?????0 Decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the first observation of the charmless vector-vector decay process B?????0. The measurement uses a 78 fb-1 data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e+e- collider operating at the ?(4S) resonance. We obtain a branching fraction of B(B?????0)=[31.7±7.1(stat)+3.8-6.7(syst)]×10-6. An analysis of the ? helicity-angle distributions gives a longitudinal polarization fraction of ?L/?=0.95±0.11(stat)±0.02(syst). We also measure the direct-CP-violating asymmetry ACP(B?????0)=0.00±0.22(stat)±0.03(syst).

Zhang, J.; Nakao, M.; Abe, K.; Abe, K.; Abe, T.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Akatsu, M.; Asano, Y.; Aso, T.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bahinipati, S.; Bakich, A. M.; Ban, Y.; Banas, E.; Behera, P. K.; Bizjak, I.; Bondar, A.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Casey, B. C.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Cheon, B. G.; Chistov, R.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Choi, Y. K.; Danilov, M.; Dong, L. Y.; Dragic, J.; Drutskoy, A.; Eidelman, S.; Eiges, V.; Enari, Y.; Fukunaga, C.; Gabyshev, N.; Garmash, A.; Gershon, T.; Gordon, A.; Guo, R.; Handa, F.; Hara, T.; Hastings, N. C.; Hayashii, H.; Hazumi, M.; Hinz, L.; Hokuue, T.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Huang, H.-C.; Igarashi, Y.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, H.; Iwasaki, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jang, H. K.; Kang, J. H.; Kang, J. S.; Kataoka, S. U.; Katayama, N.; Kawai, H.; Kawamura, N.; Kawasaki, T.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, Hyunwoo; Kim, J. H.; Kim, S. K.; Kinoshita, K.; Koppenburg, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kulasiri, R.; Kumar, S.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Leder, G.; Lee, S. H.; Lesiak, T.; Li, J.; Limosani, A.; Lin, S.-W.; Liventsev, D.; MacNaughton, J.; Majumder, G.; Mandl, F.; Marlow, D.; Matsumoto, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Matyja, A.; Mitaroff, W.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mohapatra, D.; Mori, T.; Nagamine, T.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakano, E.; Nam, J. W.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ogawa, S.; Ohshima, T.; Okabe, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Ostrowicz, W.; Ozaki, H.; Park, H.; Park, K. S.; Parslow, N.; Perroud, J.-P.; Piilonen, L. E.; Rozanska, M.; Sagawa, H.; Saitoh, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sarangi, T. R.; Satpathy, A.; Schneider, O.; Schümann, J.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Semenov, S.; Senyo, K.; Seuster, R.; Sevior, M. E.; Shibata, T.; Shibuya, H.; Sidorov, V.; Singh, J. B.; Stani?, S.; Stari?, M.; Sugi, A.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Suzuki, S.; Suzuki, S. Y.; Swain, S. K.; Takahashi, T.; Takasaki, F.; Tamai, K.; Tamura, N.; Tanaka, M.; Taylor, G. N.; Teramoto, Y.; Tomura, T.; Tovey, S. N.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Tsukamoto, T.; Uehara, S.; Uno, S.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Wang, C. C.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, J. G.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamada, Y.; Yamaguchi, A.; Yamashita, Y.; Yamauchi, M.; Yanai, H.; Yang, Heyoung; Yusa, Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zheng, Y.; Zhilich, V.; Žontar, D.; Zürcher, D.

2003-11-01

285

Electromagnetic Decay of Molecular States  

E-print Network

Electromagnetic transitions from deformed structures based on $\\alpha$ configurations or on heavier clusters are discussed, drawing the link between multiparticle-multihole excited bands and cluster structures. Enhanced E2 and E1 transitions are reviewed in the light nuclei, $^8$Be, $^{10}$Be, $^{12}$C, $^{16}$O, $^{18}$O and heavier ones like $^{212}$Po. Connections between cluster structures and superdeformed configurations in $^{36}$Ar and $^{40}$Ca are discussed. What the cluster states based on heavier substructures like $^{12}$C and $^{16}$O are concerned, recent results on the resonant radiative capture reaction $^{12}$C($^{16}$O,$\\gamma$)$^{28}$Si are presented, in particular the strong decay mode involving the feeding of low-lying $^{28}$Si 1$^+$ and 2$^+$ T=1 states by enhanced M1 isovector transitions.

S. Courtin; A. Goasduff; F. Haas

2013-03-18

286

Search for the decay D[superscript 0] ? ?[superscript +]?[superscript -]?[superscript +]?[superscript -  

E-print Network

A search for the D[superscript 0]??[superscript +]?[superscript ?]?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] decay, where the muon pair does not originate from a resonance, is performed using proton–proton collision data corresponding ...

Williams, Michael

287

Parametric Decay during HHFW on NSTX  

SciTech Connect

High Harmonic Fast Wave (HHFW) heating experiments on NSTX have been observed to be accompanied by significant edge ion heating (T{sub i} >> T{sub e}). This heating is found to be anisotropic with T{sub perp} > T{sub par}. Simultaneously, coherent oscillations have been detected with an edge Langmuir probe. The oscillations are consistent with parametric decay of the incident fast wave ({omega} > 13{omega}{sub ci}) into ion Bernstein waves and an unobserved ion-cyclotron quasi-mode. The observation of anisotropic heating is consistent with Bernstein wave damping, and the Bernstein waves should completely damp in the plasma periphery as they propagate toward a cyclotron harmonic resonance. The number of daughter waves is found to increase with rf power, and to increase as the incident wave's toroidal wavelength increases. The frequencies of the daughter wave are separated by the edge ion cyclotron frequency. Theoretical calculations of the threshold for this decay in uniform plasma indicate an extremely small value of incident power should be required to drive the instability. While such decays are commonly observed at lower harmonics in conventional ICRF heating scenarios, they usually do not involve the loss of significant wave power from the pump wave. On NSTX an estimate of the power loss can be found by calculating the minimum power required to support the edge ion heating (presumed to come from the decay Bernstein wave). This calculation indicates at least 20-30% of the incident rf power ends up as decay waves.

J.R. Wilson; S. Bernabei; T. Biewer; S. Diem; J. Hosea; B. LeBlanc; C.K. Phillips; P. Ryan; D.W. Swain

2005-05-13

288

Search for rare B(0)((s))??(+)?(-)?(+)?(-) decays.  

PubMed

A search for the decays B(0)((s))??(+)?(-)?(+)?(-) and B(0)??(+)?(-)?(+)?(-) is performed using data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb(-1), collected with the LHCb detector in 2011. The number of candidates observed is consistent with the expected background and, assuming phase-space models of the decays, limits on the branching fractions are set: B(B(s)(0)??(+)?(-)?(+)?(-))<1.6(1.2)×10(-8) and B(B(0)??(+)?(-)?(+)?(-))<6.6(5.3)×10(-9) at 95% (90%) confidence level. In addition, limits are set in the context of a supersymmetric model which allows for the B((s))(0) meson to decay into a scalar (S) and pseudoscalar particle (P), where S and P have masses of 2.5 GeV/c and 214.3 MeV/c, respectively, both resonances decay into ?(+)?(-). The branching fraction limits for these decays are B(B(s)(0)?SP)<1.6(1.2)×10(-8) and B(B(0)?SP)<6.3(5.1)×10(-9) at 95% (90%) confidence level. PMID:23745860

Aaij, R; Abellan Beteta, C; Adametz, A; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bobrov, A; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Degaudenzi, H; Del Buono, L; Deplano, C; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dickens, J; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Domingo Bonal, F; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Harrison, P F; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leroy, O; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; von Loeben, J; Lohn, S; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Mangiafave, N; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Matveev, M; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNulty, R; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M-N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen, T D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Niet, R; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nisar, S; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A

2013-05-24

289

Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We will present the most recent results on leptonic B decays B{sup {+-}(0)} {yields} K*{sup {+-}(0)}{nu}{bar {nu}} and B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}, based on the data collected by the BaBar detector at PEP-II, an asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the center of mass energy of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Rare B decays have always been a standard probe for New Physics (NP) searches. The very low Standard Model (SM) rate of these decays often make them unaccessible with the present experimental datasets, unless NP effects enhance the rate up to the current experimental sensitivity. Moreover, as NP effects can modify the decay kinematic, particular attention must be paid in order to perform a model independent analysis. A B-Factory provides an unique environment to investigate these processes. The high number of B{bar B} pairs produced by a B-Factory often allows to approach the needed experimental sensitivity. Moreover, the clean environment and the closed kinematic of the initial state enable to obtaining a very pure sample where to look for these decays.

Baracchini, Elisabetta; /Rome U. /INFN, Rome

2011-11-10

290

Relativistic Coupled-Channel Quark-Model Approach to Meson Resonances  

E-print Network

Relativistic Coupled-Channel Quark-Model Approach to Meson Resonances Regina Kleinhappel Institute-Model Approach to Hadron Resonances, Jena 2011 Outline Introduction Framework Application to mesons Summary of hadron resonances too small in rcqms Mesons Ricken, R., Koll, M., Merten, D.: Strong two-body decays

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

291

Decays of J/psi (3100) to baryon final states  

SciTech Connect

We present results for the decays of psi(3100) into baryon and hyperon final states. The sample studied here consists of 1.3 million produced psi decays. The decays into nonstrange baryons agree well with currently established results, but with better statistics. In addition, significant resonance formation in multibody final states is observed. The decay psi ..-->.. anti pp..gamma.., the first direct photon decay of the psi involving baryons in the final state, is presented and the theoretical implications of the decays are briefly explored. Several new decays of the psi involving strange baryons are explored, including the first observations of three body final states involving hyperons. The I-spin symmetry of the strong decay psi ..-->.. baryons has clearly been observed. The reduced matrix elements for psi ..-->.. B anti B are presented for final states of different SU(3) content. The B/sub 8/ anti B/sub 8/ results are in excellent agreement with the psi being an SU(3) singlet as are the results for psi ..-->.. B/sub 10/ anti B/sub 10/. We present the first evidence for the SU(3) violating decays of the type psi ..-->.. B/sub 8/ anti B/sub 10/ + c.c.. Angular distributions for psi ..-->.. B/sub 8/ anti B/sub 8/ are presented and compared with theoretical predictions. Statistics are limited, but the data tends to prefer other than a 1 + Cos/sup 2/theta distribution.

Eaton, M.W.

1982-05-01

292

Axions from string decay  

SciTech Connect

We have studied numerically the evolution and decay of axion strings. These global defects decay mainly by axion emission and thus contribute to the cosmological axion energy density. The relative importance of this source relative to misalignment production of axions depends on the spectrum. Radiation spectra for various string loop configurations are presented. They support the contention that the string decay contribution is of the same order of magnitude as the contribution from misalignment.

Hagmann, C., LLNL

1998-07-09

293

DETECTORS AND EXPERIMENTAL METHODS: Decay vertex reconstruction and 3-dimensional lifetime determination at BESIII  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses mainly on the vertex reconstruction of resonance particles with a relatively long lifetime such as K0S, Lambda, as well as on lifetime measurements using a 3-dimensional fit. The kinematic constraints between the production and decay vertices and the decay vertex fitting algorithm based on the least squares method are both presented. Reconstruction efficiencies including experimental resolutions are

Min Xu; Kang-Lin He; Zi-Ping Zhang; Yi-Fang Wang; Jian-Ming Bian; Guo-Fu Cao; Xue-Xiang Cao; Shen-Jian Chen; Zi-Yan Deng; Cheng-Dong Fu; Yuan-Ning Gao; Lei Han; Shao-Qing Han; Miao He; Ji-Feng Hu; Xiao-Wei Hu; Bin Huang; Xing-Tao Huang; Lu-Kui Jia; Xiao-Bin Ji; Hai-Bo Li; Wei-Dong Li; Yu-Tie Liang; Chun-Xiu Liu; Huai-Min Liu; Ying Liu; Yong Liu; Tao Luo; Qi-Wen Lü; Qiu-Mei Ma; Xiang Ma; Ya-Jun Mao; Ze-Pu Mao; Xiao-Hu Mo; Fei-Peng Ning; Rong-Gang Ping; Jin-Fa Qiu; Wen-Bo Song; Sheng-Sen Sun; Xiao-Dong Sun; Yong-Zhao Sun; Hao-Lai Tian; Ji-Ke Wang; Liang-Liang Wang; Shuo-Pin Wen; Ling-Hui Wu; Zhi Wu; Yu-Guang Xie; Jie Yan; Liang Yan; Jian Yao; Chang-Zheng Yuan; Ye Yuan; Chang-Chun Zhang; Jian-Yong Zhang; Lei Zhang; Xue-Yao Zhang; Yao Zhang; Yang-Heng Zheng; Yong-Sheng Zhu; Jia-Heng Zou

2009-01-01

294

Study of decays involving kaons, spectral functions and determination of the strange quark mass  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   All ALEPH measurements of branching ratios of decays involving kaons are summarized including a combination of results obtained with and detection. The decay dynamics are studied, leading to the determination of contributions from vector and , and axial-vector and resonances. Agreement with isospin symmetry is observed among the different final states. Under the hypothesis of the conserved\\u000a vector current,

D. Decamp; P. Ghez; C. Goy; J P Lees; E Merle; M N Minard; B Pietrzyk; R Alemany; M P Casado; M Chmeissani; J M Crespo; E Fernández; M Fernández-Bosman; L Garrido; E Graugès-Pous; A Juste; M Martínez; G Merino; R Miquel; L M Mir; A Pacheco; I C Park; I Riu; A Colaleo; D Creanza; M De Palma; G Gelao; Giuseppe Iaselli; G Maggi; M Maggi; S Nuzzo; A Ranieri; G Raso; F Ruggieri; G Selvaggi; L Silvestris; P Tempesta; A Tricomi; G Zito; X Huang; J Lin; Q Ouyang; T Wang; Y Xie; R Xu; S Xue; J Zhang; L Zhang; W Zhao; D Abbaneo; U Becker; G Boix; M Cattaneo; V Ciulli; G Dissertori; H Drevermann; Roger W Forty; M Frank; A W Halley; J B Hansen; J Harvey; P Janot; B Jost; Ivan Lehraus; O Leroy; P Mato; Adolf G Minten; A Moutoussi; F Ranjard; Luigi Rolandi; D Rousseau; W D Schlatter; M Schmitt; O Schneider; W Tejessy; F Teubert; I R Tomalin; E Tournefier; Ziad J Ajaltouni; F Badaud; G Chazelle; O Deschamps; A Falvard; C Ferdi; P Gay; C Guicheney; P Henrard; J Jousset; B Michel; S Monteil; J C Montret; D Pallin; P Perret; F Podlyski; J D Hansen; P H Hansen; B S Nilsson; B Rensch; A Wäänänen; G Daskalakis; A Kyriakis; C Markou; Errietta Simopoulou; I Siotis; Anna Vayaki; A Blondel; G R Bonneaud; J C Brient; A Rougé; M Rumpf; M Swynghedauw; M Verderi; H L Videau; E Focardi; G Parrini; K Zachariadou; R J Cavanaugh; M Corden; C H Georgiopoulos; A Antonelli; G Bencivenni; G Bologna; F Bossi; P Campana; G Capon; F Cerutti; V Chiarella; P Laurelli; G Mannocchi; F Murtas; G P Murtas; L Passalacqua; M Pepé-Altarelli; L Curtis; J G Lynch; P Negus; V O'Shea; C Raine; P Teixeira-Dias; A S Thompson; O L Buchmüller; S Dhamotharan; C Geweniger; P Hanke; G Hansper; V Hepp; E E Kluge; A Putzer; J Sommer; K Tittel; S Werner; M Wunsch; R Beuselinck; David M Binnie; W Cameron; Peter J Dornan; M Girone; S M Goodsir; E B Martin; N Marinelli; J K Sedgbeer; P Spagnolo; E Thomson; M D Williams; V M Ghete; P Girtler; E Kneringer; D Kuhn; G Rudolph; A P Betteridge; C K Bowdery; P G Buck; P Colrain; G Crawford; A J Finch; F Foster; G Hughes; R W L Jones; N A Robertson; I Giehl; C Hoffmann; K Jakobs; K Kleinknecht; G Quast; B Renk; E Rohne; H G Sander; P Van Gemmeren; H W Wachsmuth; C Zeitnitz; Jean-Jacques Aubert; C Benchouk; A Bonissent; J Carr; P Coyle; F Etienne; A Ealet; F Motsch; P Payre; M Talby; M Thulasidas; M Aleppo; M Antonelli; F Ragusa; R Berlich; V Büscher; H Dietl; G Ganis; K Hüttmann; G Lütjens; C Mannert; W Männer; H G Moser; S Schael; Ronald Settles; H C J Seywerd; H Stenzel; W Wiedenmann; G Wolf; J Boucrot; O Callot; S Chen; A Cordier; M Davier; L Duflot; J F Grivaz; P Heusse; A Höcker; A Jacholkowska; D W Kim; F R Le Diberder; J Lefrançois; A M Lutz; M H Schune; J J Veillet; I Videau; D Zerwas; P Azzurri; G Bagliesi; S Bettarini; T Boccali; C Bozzi; G Calderini; R Dell'Orso; R Fantechi; I Ferrante; L Foà; A Giassi; A Gregorio; F Ligabue; A Lusiani; P S Marrocchesi; A Messineo; Fabrizio Palla; G Rizzo; G Sanguinetti; A Sciabà; G Sguazzoni; Roberto Tenchini; C Vannini; A Venturi; P G Verdini; G A Blair; J T Chambers; G D Cowan; M G Green; T Medcalf; J A Strong; J H Von Wimmersperg-Töller; David R Botterill; R W Clifft; T R Edgecock; P R Norton; J C Thompson; A E Wright; B Bloch-Devaux; P Colas; S Emery; Witold Kozanecki; E Lançon; M C Lemaire; E Locci; P Pérez; J Rander; J F Renardy; A Roussarie; J P Schuller; J Schwindling; A Trabelsi; B Vallage; S N Black; J H Dann; R P Johnson; H Y Kim; N P Konstantinidis; A M Litke; M A McNeil; G Taylor; C N Booth; S L Cartwright; F Combley; M S Kelly; M H Lehto; L F Thompson; K Affholderbach; A Böhrer; S Brandt; J Foss; Claus Grupen; G Prange; L Smolik; F Stephan; G Giannini; B Gobbo; J E Rothberg; S R Wasserbaech; S R Armstrong; E Charles; P Elmer; D P S Ferguson; Y Gao; S González; T C Greening; O J Hayes; H Hu; S Jin; G Mamier; P A McNamara; J M Nachtman; J Nielsen; W Orejudos; Y B Pan; Y Saadi; I J Scott; M Vogt; J Walsh; Wu Sau Lan; X Wu; G Zobernig

1999-01-01

295

Complex decay patterns in atomic core photoionization disentangled by ion-recoil measurements  

SciTech Connect

Following core 1s ionization and resonant excitation of argon atoms, we measure the recoil energy of the ions due to momentum conservation during the emission of Auger electrons. We show that such ion momentum spectroscopy can be used to disentangle to some degree complex decay patterns, involving both radiative and nonradiative decays.

Guillemin, Renaud; Bomme, Cedric; Marin, Thierry; Journel, Loic; Marchenko, Tatiana; Kushawaha, Rajesh K.; Piancastelli, Maria Novella; Simon, Marc [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Universite Paris 06, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Matiere et Rayonement, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, FR-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Matiere et Rayonement (UMR7614), 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, FR-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Trcera, Nicolas [Synchrotron SOLEIL, l'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, FR-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2011-12-15

296

Measurement of inclusive production of neutral pions from ?(4S) decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the Belle detector operating at the KEKB e+e- storage ring, we have measured the mean multiplicity and momentum spectrum of neutral pions from the decays of the ?(4S) resonance. We measure a mean of 4.70+/-0.04+/-0.22 neutral pions per ?(4S) decay.

Abe, K.; Abe, K.; Adachi, I.; Ahn, Byoung Sup; Aihara, H.; Akatsu, M.; Alimonti, G.; Aoki, K.; Asai, K.; Asano, Y.; Aso, T.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Banas, E.; Bartel, W.; Behari, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beiline, D.; Bondar, A.; Bozek, A.; Browder, T. E.; Casey, B. C.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Cheon, B. G.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Doi, Y.; Dragic, J.; Drutskoy, A.; Eidelman, S.; Enari, Y.; Enomoto, R.; Fang, F.; Fujii, H.; Fukunaga, C.; Fukushima, M.; Garmash, A.; Gordon, A.; Gotow, K.; Guler, H.; Guo, R.; Haba, J.; Hamasaki, H.; Hanagaki, K.; Handa, F.; Hara, K.; Hara, T.; Haruyama, T.; Hastings, N. C.; Hayashi, K.; Hayashii, H.; Hazumi, M.; Heenan, E. M.; Higasino, Y.; Higuchi, I.; Higuchi, T.; Hirano, H.; Hojo, T.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsu, S.-C.; Huang, H.-C.; Huang, Y.-C.; Ichizawa, S.; Igarashi, Y.; Iijima, T.; Ikeda, H.; Ikeda, K.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Ishino, H.; Itoh, R.; Iwai, G.; Iwasaki, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jackson, D. J.; Jalocha, P.; Jang, H. K.; Jones, M.; Kagan, R.; Kakuno, H.; Kaneko, J.; Kang, J. H.; Kang, J. S.; Kapusta, P.; Katayama, N.; Kawai, H.; Kawamura, N.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, K.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, Heejong; Kim, H. J.; Kim, Hyunwoo; Kim, S. K.; Kinoshita, K.; Korotushenko, K.; Krokovny, P.; Kulasiri, R.; Kumar, S.; Kuniya, T.; Kurihara, E.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, M. H.; Lee, S. H.; Li, H. B.; Liventsev, D.; Lu, R.-S.; Manabe, A.; Matsubara, T.; Matsui, S.; Matsumoto, S.; Matsumoto, T.; Mikami, Y.; Misono, K.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyake, H.; Miyata, H.; Moffitt, L. C.; Moloney, G. R.; Moorhead, G. F.; Mori, S.; Murakami, A.; Nagamine, T.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nagashima, Y.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nam, J. W.; Narita, S.; Natkaniec, Z.; Neichi, K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Noguchi, S.; Nozaki, T.; Ogawa, S.; Ohshima, T.; Ohshima, Y.; Okabe, T.; Okazaki, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Ostrowicz, W.; Ozaki, H.; Palka, H.; Park, C. S.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Peak, L. S.; Peters, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Prebys, E.; Rodriguez, J. L.; Root, N.; Rozanska, M.; Rybicki, K.; Ryuko, J.; Sagawa, H.; Sakai, Y.; Sakamoto, H.; Satapathy, M.; Satpathy, A.; Schrenk, S.; Semenov, S.; Senyo, K.; Sevior, M. E.; Shibuya, H.; Shwartz, B.; Sidorov, V.; Singh, J. B.; Stani?, S.; Sugi, A.; Sugiyama, A.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Suzuki, K.; Suzuki, S.; Suzuki, S. Y.; Swain, S. K.; Takahashi, T.; Takasaki, F.; Takita, M.; Tamai, K.; Tamura, N.; Tanaka, J.; Tanaka, M.; Tanaka, Y.; Taylor, G. N.; Teramoto, Y.; Tomoto, M.; Tomura, T.; Tovey, S. N.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Tsujita, Y.; Tsukamoto, T.; Uehara, S.; Ueno, K.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Ushiroda, Y.; Usov, Y.; Vahsen, S. E.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Wang, C. C.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, T. J.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamada, Y.; Yamaga, M.; Yamaguchi, A.; Yamamoto, H.; Yamaoka, H.; Yamaoka, Y.; Yamashita, Y.; Yamauchi, M.; Yanaka, S.; Yoshida, K.; Yusa, Y.; Yuta, H.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, J.; Zheng, Y.; Zhilich, V.; Žontar, D.

2001-10-01

297

Resonant behavior of dielectric objects (electrostatic resonances).  

PubMed

Resonant behavior of dielectric objects occurs at certain frequencies for which the object permittivity is negative and the free-space wavelength is large in comparison with the object dimensions. Unique physical features of these resonances are studied and a novel technique for the calculation of resonance values of permittivity, and hence resonance frequencies, is proposed. Scale invariance of resonance frequencies, unusually strong orthogonality properties of resonance modes, and a two-dimensional phenomenon of "twin" spectra are reported. The paper concludes with brief discussions of optical controllability of these resonances in semiconductor nanoparticles and a plausible, electrostatic resonance based, mechanism for nucleation and formation of ball lightning. PMID:14754117

Fredkin, D R; Mayergoyz, I D

2003-12-19

298

H{sub 2}D{sup +} IN THE HIGH-MASS STAR-FORMING REGION CYGNUS X  

SciTech Connect

H{sub 2}D{sup +} is a primary ion that dominates the gas-phase chemistry of cold dense gas. Therefore, it is hailed as a unique tool in probing the earliest, prestellar phase of star formation. Observationally, its abundance and distribution is, however, just beginning to be understood in low-mass prestellar and cluster-forming cores. In high-mass star-forming regions, H{sub 2}D{sup +} has been detected only in two cores, and its spatial distribution remains unknown. Here, we present the first map of the ortho-H{sub 2}D{sup +} J{sub k{sup +},k{sup -}} = 1{sub 1,0} {yields} 1{sub 1,1} and N{sub 2}H{sup +} 4-3 transition in the DR21 filament of Cygnus X with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, and N{sub 2}D{sup +} 3-2 and dust continuum with the Submillimeter Array. We have discovered five very extended ({<=}34, 000 AU diameter) weak structures in H{sub 2}D{sup +} in the vicinity of, but distinctly offset from, embedded protostars. More surprisingly, the H{sub 2}D{sup +} peak is not associated with either a dust continuum or N{sub 2}D{sup +} peak. We have therefore uncovered extended massive cold dense gas that was undetected with previous molecular line and dust continuum surveys of the region. This work also shows that our picture of the structure of cores is too simplistic for cluster-forming cores and needs to be refined: neither dust continuum with existing capabilities nor emission in tracers like N{sub 2}D{sup +} can provide a complete census of the total prestellar gas in such regions. Sensitive H{sub 2}D{sup +} mapping of the entire DR21 filament is likely to discover more of such cold quiescent gas reservoirs in an otherwise active high-mass star-forming region.

Pillai, T.; Lis, D. C. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Caselli, P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Kauffmann, J.; Zhang, Q. [Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Thompson, M. A., E-mail: tpillai@astro.caltech.edu [Centre for Astrophysics Research, Science and Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Herts AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2012-06-01

299

Dalitz plot analysis of the decay B0( Bmacr 0)-->K±pi-\\/+pi0  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a Dalitz-plot analysis of the charmless hadronic decays of neutral B mesons to K±pi-\\/+pi0. With a sample of (231.8±2.6)×106Upsilon(4S)-->B Bmacr decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC, we measure the magnitudes and phases of the intermediate resonant and nonresonant amplitudes for B0 and Bmacr 0 decays and determine the corresponding CP-averaged

B. Aubert; M. Bona; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; N. Soni; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; A. R. Buzykaev; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; B. Echenard; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; R. Ayad; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney; M. Biasini; R. Covarelli; E. Manoni; C. Angelini; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; M. Carpinelli; R. Cenci; A. Cervelli

2008-01-01

300

Search for B+-->tau+nu decays with hadronic B tags  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a search for the decay B+-->tau+nu using 383×106 BB¯ pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II B Factory. We select a sample of events with one completely reconstructed tag B in a hadronic decay mode (B--->D(*)0X-), and examine the rest of the event to search for a B+-->tau+nu decay. We identify

B. Aubert; M. Bona; D. Boutigny; Y. Karyotakis; J. P. Lees; V. Poireau; X. Prudent; V. Tisserand; A. Zghiche; J. Garra Tico; E. Grauges; L. Lopez; A. Palano; M. Pappagallo; G. Eigen; B. Stugu; L. Sun; G. S. Abrams; M. Battaglia; D. N. Brown; J. Button-Shafer; R. N. Cahn; Y. Groysman; R. G. Jacobsen; J. A. Kadyk; L. T. Kerth; Yu. G. Kolomensky; G. Kukartsev; D. Lopes Pegna; G. Lynch; L. M. Mir; T. J. Orimoto; I. L. Osipenkov; M. T. Ronan; K. Tackmann; T. Tanabe; W. A. Wenzel; P. Del Amo Sanchez; C. M. Hawkes; A. T. Watson; H. Koch; T. Schroeder; D. Walker; D. J. Asgeirsson; T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann; B. G. Fulsom; C. Hearty; T. S. Mattison; J. A. McKenna; M. Barrett; A. Khan; M. Saleem; L. Teodorescu; V. E. Blinov; A. D. Bukin; V. P. Druzhinin; V. B. Golubev; A. P. Onuchin; S. I. Serednyakov; Yu. I. Skovpen; E. P. Solodov; K. Yu. Todyshev; M. Bondioli; S. Curry; I. Eschrich; D. Kirkby; A. J. Lankford; P. Lund; M. Mandelkern; E. C. Martin; D. P. Stoker; S. Abachi; C. Buchanan; S. D. Foulkes; J. W. Gary; F. Liu; O. Long; B. C. Shen; G. M. Vitug; L. Zhang; H. P. Paar; S. Rahatlou; V. Sharma; J. W. Berryhill; C. Campagnari; A. Cunha; B. Dahmes; T. M. Hong; D. Kovalskyi; J. D. Richman; T. W. Beck; A. M. Eisner; C. J. Flacco; C. A. Heusch; J. Kroseberg; W. S. Lockman; T. Schalk; B. A. Schumm; A. Seiden; M. G. Wilson; L. O. Winstrom; E. Chen; C. H. Cheng; F. Fang; D. G. Hitlin; I. Narsky; T. Piatenko; F. C. Porter; R. Andreassen; G. Mancinelli; B. T. Meadows; K. Mishra; M. D. Sokoloff; F. Blanc; P. C. Bloom; S. Chen; W. T. Ford; J. F. Hirschauer; A. Kreisel; M. Nagel; U. Nauenberg; A. Olivas; J. G. Smith; K. A. Ulmer; S. R. Wagner; J. Zhang; A. M. Gabareen; A. Soffer; W. H. Toki; R. J. Wilson; F. Winklmeier; D. D. Altenburg; E. Feltresi; A. Hauke; H. Jasper; J. Merkel; A. Petzold; B. Spaan; K. Wacker; V. Klose; M. J. Kobel; H. M. Lacker; W. F. Mader; R. Nogowski; J. Schubert; K. R. Schubert; R. Schwierz; J. E. Sundermann; A. Volk; D. Bernard; G. R. Bonneaud; E. Latour; V. Lombardo; Ch. Thiebaux; M. Verderi; P. J. Clark; W. Gradl; F. Muheim; S. Playfer; A. I. Robertson; J. E. Watson; Y. Xie; M. Andreotti; D. Bettoni; C. Bozzi; R. Calabrese; A. Cecchi; G. Cibinetto; P. Franchini; E. Luppi; M. Negrini; A. Petrella; L. Piemontese; E. Prencipe; V. Santoro; F. Anulli; R. Baldini-Ferroli; A. Calcaterra; R. de Sangro; G. Finocchiaro; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; I. M. Peruzzi; M. Piccolo; M. Rama; A. Zallo; A. Buzzo; R. Contri; M. Lo Vetere; M. M. Macri; M. R. Monge; S. Passaggio; C. Patrignani; E. Robutti; A. Santroni; S. Tosi; K. S. Chaisanguanthum; M. Morii; J. Wu; R. S. Dubitzky; J. Marks; S. Schenk; U. Uwer; D. J. Bard; P. D. Dauncey; R. L. Flack; J. A. Nash; W. Panduro Vazquez; M. Tibbetts; P. K. Behera; X. Chai; M. J. Charles; U. Mallik; J. Cochran; H. B. Crawley; L. Dong; V. Eyges; W. T. Meyer; S. Prell; E. I. Rosenberg; A. E. Rubin; Y. Y. Gao; A. V. Gritsan; Z. J. Guo; C. K. Lae; A. G. Denig; M. Fritsch; G. Schott; N. Arnaud; J. Béquilleux; A. D'Orazio; M. Davier; G. Grosdidier; A. Höcker; V. Lepeltier; F. Le Diberder; A. M. Lutz; S. Pruvot; S. Rodier; P. Roudeau; M. H. Schune; J. Serrano; V. Sordini; A. Stocchi; W. F. Wang; G. Wormser; D. J. Lange; D. M. Wright; I. Bingham; J. P. Burke; C. A. Chavez; J. R. Fry; E. Gabathuler; R. Gamet; D. E. Hutchcroft; D. J. Payne; K. C. Schofield; C. Touramanis; A. J. Bevan; K. A. George; F. di Lodovico; R. Sacco; G. Cowan; H. U. Flaecher; D. A. Hopkins; S. Paramesvaran; F. Salvatore; A. C. Wren; C. L. Davis; J. Allison; D. Bailey; N. R. Barlow; R. J. Barlow; Y. M. Chia; C. L. Edgar; G. D. Lafferty; T. J. West; J. I. Yi; J. Anderson; C. Chen; A. Jawahery; D. A. Roberts; G. Simi; J. M. Tuggle; G. Blaylock; C. Dallapiccola; S. S. Hertzbach; X. Li; T. B. Moore; E. Salvati; S. Saremi; R. Cowan; D. Dujmic; P. H. Fisher; K. Koeneke; G. Sciolla; M. Spitznagel; F. Taylor; R. K. Yamamoto; M. Zhao; Y. Zheng; S. E. McLachlin; P. M. Patel; S. H. Robertson; A. Lazzaro; F. Palombo; J. M. Bauer; L. Cremaldi; V. Eschenburg; R. Godang; R. Kroeger; D. A. Sanders; D. J. Summers; H. W. Zhao; S. Brunet; D. Côté; M. Simard; P. Taras; F. B. Viaud; H. Nicholson; G. de Nardo; F. Fabozzi; L. Lista; D. Monorchio; G. Onorato; C. Sciacca; M. A. Baak; G. Raven; H. L. Snoek; C. P. Jessop; K. J. Knoepfel; J. M. Losecco; G. Benelli; L. A. Corwin; K. Honscheid; H. Kagan; R. Kass; J. P. Morris; A. M. Rahimi; J. J. Regensburger; S. J. Sekula; Q. K. Wong; N. L. Blount; J. Brau; R. Frey; O. Igonkina; J. A. Kolb; M. Lu; R. Rahmat; N. B. Sinev; D. Strom; J. Strube; E. Torrence; N. Gagliardi; A. Gaz; M. Margoni; M. Morandin; A. Pompili; M. Posocco; M. Rotondo; F. Simonetto; R. Stroili; C. Voci; E. Ben-Haim; H. Briand; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; P. David; L. Del Buono; Ch. de La Vaissière; O. Hamon; Ph. Leruste; J. Malclès; J. Ocariz; A. Perez; J. Prendki; L. Gladney

2008-01-01

301

Strong and electromagnetic decays of the light scalar mesons interpreted as tetraquark states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of two-pseudoscalar and two-photon decays for the scalar meson nonet below 1 GeV is performed within an effective approach in which the scalar resonances are described as (Jaffe's) tetraquark states. The dominant (fall apart decay) and the subdominant (one transverse gluon as intermediate state) decay amplitudes are systematically taken into account. The latter improves the agreement with the

Francesco Giacosa; Johann Wolfgang Goethe

2006-01-01

302

Competition between ?-decay and ?-decay for heavy and superheavy nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the ?-stable region for Z >= 90 is proposed based on a successful binding energy formula. The calculated ?-stable nuclei in the ?-stable region are in good agreement with the ones obtained by Möller et al. The half-lives of the nuclei close to the ?-stable region are calculated and the competition between ?-decay and ?-decay is systematically investigated. The calculated half-lives and the suggested decay modes are well in line with the experimental results. The decay modes are mostly ?—decay above the ?-stable region. Especially for Z <= 111, all the decay modes are ??-decay. Regarding the nuclei above the ?-stable region, ?-decay and ??-decay (?+??) can occur simultaneously when Z >= 112. This is a very interesting phenomenon. The competition between ?-decay and ?-decay is very complex and drastic below the ?-stable region. The predictions for half-lives and decay modes of the nuclei with Z=107–110 are presented in detail.

Sheng, Zong-Qiang; Shu, Liang-Ping; Meng, Ying; Hu, Ji-Gang; Qian, Jian-Fa

2014-12-01

303

The Decayed Pumpkin  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this "Sid the Science Kid" activity, learners explore the effects of decay by comparing and contrasting something (an old pumpkin) that's decayed with the same thing before it changes (a fresh pumpkin). Use this activity during the Fall and Halloween! This activity includes a "Sid the Science Kid" video showing how to conduct the investigation.

Company, The J.

2008-01-01

304

Measurement of Semileptonic B Decays into Orbitally Excited Charmed Mesons  

E-print Network

We present a study of B decays into semileptonic final states containing charged and neutral D1(2420) and D2*(2460). The analysis is based on a data sample of 208??fb-1 collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the BABAR ...

Zhao, M.

305

Charmless Hadronic Three Body B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

We report on recent measurements of branching fractions and CP violation observables of selected charmless hadronic B decays obtained from data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy collider, operating at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance.

Perez, Alejandro; /Paris U., VI-VII

2011-11-22

306

Decay HeatDecay Heat NCF structure decay heat is  

E-print Network

) dominating beyond that time Flibe decay heat dominated by N-16 (T1/2 = 7.13 s) in first minute and by F-18 (T minute and by F-18 (T1/2 = 1.83 h) in the next few hours 10-4 10-3 10-2 10-1 100 101 102 103 10-1 100 101

307

Common Envelope Mechanisms: Constraints from the X-Ray Luminosity Function of High-mass X-Ray Binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use the measured X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) in nearby star-forming galaxies to constrain the common envelope (CE) mechanisms, which play a key role in governing the binary evolution. We find that the XLF can be reproduced quite closely under both CE mechanisms usually adopted, i.e., the ?CE formalism and the ? algorithm, with a reasonable range of parameters considered. Provided that the parameter combination is the same, the ? algorithm is likely to produce more HMXBs than the ?CE formalism, by a factor of up to ~10. In the framework of the ?CE formalism, a high value of ?CE is required to fit the observed XLF, though it does not significantly affect the global number of the HMXB populations. We present the detailed components of the HMXB populations under the ? algorithm and compare them with those in Zuo et al. and observations. We suggest the distinct observational properties, as well as period distributions of HMXBs, may provide further clues to discriminate between these two types of CE mechanisms.

Zuo, Zhao-Yu; Li, Xiang-Dong

2014-12-01

308

High mass resolution time of flight mass spectrometer for measuring products in heterogeneous catalysis in highly sensitive microreactors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate a combined microreactor and time of flight system for testing and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts with high resolution mass spectrometry and high sensitivity. Catalyst testing is performed in silicon-based microreactors which have high sensitivity and fast thermal response. Gas analysis is performed with a time of flight mass spectrometer with a modified nude Bayard-Alpert ionization gauge as gas ionization source. The mass resolution of the time of flight mass spectrometer using the ion gauge as ionization source is estimated to m/?m > 2500. The system design is superior to conventional batch and flow reactors with accompanying product detection by quadrupole mass spectrometry or gas chromatography not only due to the high sensitivity, fast temperature response, high mass resolution, and fast acquisition time of mass spectra but it also allows wide mass range (0-5000 amu in the current configuration). As a demonstration of the system performance we present data from ammonia oxidation on a Pt thin film showing resolved spectra of OH and NH3.

Andersen, T.; Jensen, R.; Christensen, M. K.; Pedersen, T.; Hansen, O.; Chorkendorff, I.

2012-07-01

309

Superorbital Periodic Modulation in Wind-accretion High-mass X-Ray Binaries from Swift Burst Alert Telescope Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery using data from the Swift-Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) of superorbital modulation in the wind-accretion supergiant high-mass X-ray binaries 4U 1909+07 (= X 1908+075), IGR J16418-4532, and IGR J16479-4514. Together with already known superorbital periodicities in 2S 0114+650 and IGR J16493-4348, the systems exhibit a monotonic relationship between superorbital and orbital periods. These systems include both supergiant fast X-ray transients and classical supergiant systems, and have a range of inclination angles. This suggests an underlying physical mechanism which is connected to the orbital period. In addition to these sources with clear detections of superorbital periods, IGR J16393-4643 (= AX J16390.4-4642) is identified as a system that may have superorbital modulation due to the coincidence of low-amplitude peaks in power spectra derived from BAT, Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array, and International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory light curves. 1E 1145.1-6141 may also be worthy of further attention due to the amount of low-frequency modulation of its light curve. However, we find that the presence of superorbital modulation is not a universal feature of wind-accretion supergiant X-ray binaries.

Corbet, Robin H. D.; Krimm, Hans A.

2013-11-01

310

Superorbital Modulation and Orbital Parameters of the Eclipsing High-Mass X-ray Pulsar IGR J16493-4348  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous infrared studies of the X-ray pulsar IGR J16493-4348 classified the system as a supergiant high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB). A ~6.78 d orbital period was discovered from Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) Proportional Counter Array (PCA) Galactic Bulge scan observations. A coherent signal at ~20.07 d was also found using the PCA and BAT instruments, suggestive of superorbital behavior within the system. Using well-sampled PCA archival pointed data (2.5-25 keV) spanning 9.5 d, we find strong evidence for a pulse period at ~1093 s from pulse arrival time analysis and the power spectrum of the light curve after removal of low frequency noise. We present an eclipse model for the folded PCA scan and BAT 66-month snapshot light curves, which constrains the system's behavior during orbital transitions. Pulse arrival times are derived using the PCA pointed light curve, and circular and eccentric orbital solutions are provided. A 14.0 ± 2.3 M? mass function is determined, which further confirms the designation of IGR J16493-4348 as a supergiant HMXB.

Pearlman, Aaron B.; Corbet, R.; Pottschmidt, K.

2013-01-01

311

The Chemistry of High Mass Stat Forming Regions with "Chemical Differentiation": Orion KL, W75N, & W3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orion-KL, one of the closest regions of massive star-formation, displays the most well-defined case of "chemical differentiation" in interstellar clouds. Here, the emission signatures for oxygen- and nitrogen-bearing organic molecules are spatially distinct. Using CARMA, we have conducted ?=3 mm imaging studies of Orion at beam sizes ranging from 5"-0.5". These observations are at higher spatial resolution than any previously reported, revealing the relative location of these molecules within the region to high precision, and indicating whether their emission is coincident with continuum sources, shocks, or other energy sources within the Orion- KL complex. These observations targeted transitions of ethyl cyanide [C2H5CN], dimethyl ether [(CH3)2O], methyl formate [HCOOCH3], formic acid [HCOOH], acetone [(CH3)2CO], and methanol [CH3OH]. We will present the results of these observations, and discuss the implications of these results on the formation and destruction mechanisms for large organic molecules in star-forming regions. Additionally, we have conducted similar observations of two other high mass star forming regions, that also show signs of "chemical differentiation": W75N and W3. These observations were to determine if the results found in Orion were unique or more common across sources that show "chemical differentiation". The results of these observations will also be presented.

Friedel, Douglas N.; Widicus Weaver, Susanna L.

2010-11-01

312

The Chemistry of High Mass Star Forming Regions with ''Chemical Differentiation'': Orion KL, W75N, & W3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orion-KL, one of the closest regions of massive star-formation, displays the most well-defined case of ''chemical differentiation'' in interstellar clouds. Here, the emission signatures for oxygen- and nitrogen-bearing organic molecules are spatially distinct. Using CARMA, we have conducted ?=3 mm imaging studies of Orion at beam sizes ranging from 5''-0.5''. These observations are at higher spatial resolution than any previously reported, revealing the relative location of these molecules within the region to high precision, and indicating whether their emission is coincident with continuum sources, shocks, or other energy sources within the Orion-KL complex. These observations targeted transitions of ethyl cyanide [C_2H_5CN], dimethyl ether [(CH_3)_2O], methyl formate [HCOOCH_3], formic acid [HCOOH], acetone [(CH_3)_2CO], and methanol [CH_3OH]. We will present the results of these observations, and discuss the implications of these results on the formation and destruction mechanisms for large organic molecules in star-forming regions. Additionally, we have conducted similar observations of two other high mass star forming regions, that also show signs of ''chemical differentiation'': W75N and W3. These observations were to determine if the results found in Orion were unique or more common across sources that show ''chemical differentiation''. The results of these observations will also be presented.

Friedel, D. N.; Widicus Weaver, S.

2011-05-01

313

Broadband spectroscopy of the eclipsing high mass X-ray binary 4U 1700-37 with Suzaku  

E-print Network

We present the results obtained from broadband spectroscopy of the high mass X-ray binary 4U 1700-37 using data from a Suzaku observation in 2006 September 13-14 covering 0.29-0.72 orbital phase range. The light curves showed significant and rapid variation in source flux during entire observation. We did not find any signature of pulsations in the light curves. However, a quasi-periodic oscillation at ~20 mHz was detected in the power density spectrum of the source. The 1-70 keV spectrum was fitted with various continuum models. However, we found that the partially absorbed high energy cutoff power-law and Negative and Positive power-law with Exponential cutoff (NPEX) models described the source spectrum well. Iron emission lines at 6.4 keV and 7.1 keV were detected in the source spectrum. An absorption like feature at ~39 keV was detected in the residuals while fitting the data with NPEX model. Considering the feature as cyclotron absorption line, the surface magnetic field of the neutron star was estimated...

Jaisawal, Gaurava K

2015-01-01

314

Associations of water and methanol masers at milli-arcsec angular resolution in two high-mass young stellar objects  

E-print Network

Most previous high-angular (water or methanol masers. While high-angular resolution observations have clarified that water masers originate from shocks associated with protostellar jets, different environments have been proposed in several sources to explain the origin of methanol masers. Tha aim of the paper is to investigate the nature of the methanol maser birthplace in SFRs and the association between the water and methanol maser emission in the same young stellar object. We have conducted phase-reference Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations of water and methanol masers toward two high-mass SFRs, Sh 2-255 IR and AFGL 5142. In Sh 2-255 IR water masers are aligned along a direction close to the orientation of the molecular outflow observed on angular scales of 1-10 arcsec, tracing possibly the disk-wind emerging from the disk atmosphere. In AFGL 5142 water masers trace expansion at the base of a protostellar jet, whilst methanol masers are more probably tracing infalling than outflowing gas. The results for AFGL 5142 suggest that water and methanol masers trace different kinematic structures in the circumstellar gas.

C. Goddi; L. Moscadelli; A. Sanna; R. Cesaroni; V. Minier

2006-10-16

315

High mass resolution time of flight mass spectrometer for measuring products in heterogeneous catalysis in highly sensitive microreactors  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a combined microreactor and time of flight system for testing and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts with high resolution mass spectrometry and high sensitivity. Catalyst testing is performed in silicon-based microreactors which have high sensitivity and fast thermal response. Gas analysis is performed with a time of flight mass spectrometer with a modified nude Bayard-Alpert ionization gauge as gas ionization source. The mass resolution of the time of flight mass spectrometer using the ion gauge as ionization source is estimated to m/{Delta}m > 2500. The system design is superior to conventional batch and flow reactors with accompanying product detection by quadrupole mass spectrometry or gas chromatography not only due to the high sensitivity, fast temperature response, high mass resolution, and fast acquisition time of mass spectra but it also allows wide mass range (0-5000 amu in the current configuration). As a demonstration of the system performance we present data from ammonia oxidation on a Pt thin film showing resolved spectra of OH and NH{sub 3}.

Andersen, T.; Jensen, R.; Christensen, M. K.; Chorkendorff, I. [Department of Physics, Danish National Research Foundation's Center for Individual Nanoparticle Functionality (CINF), Technical University of Denmark, Building 312, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Pedersen, T.; Hansen, O. [Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech Building 345 East, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

2012-07-15

316

Stellar feedback from black-hole high-mass X-ray binaries in galaxy formation models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, many works have suggested the role of black-hole high-mass X-ray binaries (BH-HMXB) as potential sources of heating and re-ionization in the interstellar and intergalactic medium. Furthermore, because of the suggested increase of their production rate and X-ray luminosity with decreasing metallicity, BH-HMXBs could be relevant to explain the thermal and ionization history of the Universe at its early stages. As observations indicate, a meaningful amount of the energy released by these sources could be deposited in the local interstellar medium, suggesting that BH-HMXB could modify star forming regions on the host galaxy. In this work, we study the kinetic BH-HMXB feedback using hydrodynamical cosmological simulations which also include SNe feedback. Our preliminary results suggest that BH-HMBXs feedback is not efficient at modifying the star formation activity. However, due the complexity of the problem and the wide dynamical range needed to describe properly different physical events, there are still different schemes to explore. In the future, we will study the role of BH-HMXBs in high numerical resolution simulations at high redshifts, and how the energy is released into the interstellar medium.

Artale, M. C.; Tissera, P. B.; Pellizza, L. J.

2014-10-01

317

Superorbital Periodic Modulation in Wind-Accretion High-Mass X-Ray Binaries from Swift Burst Alert Telescope Observations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We report the discovery using data from the Swift-Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) of superorbital modulation in the wind-accretion supergiant high-mass X-ray binaries 4U 1909+07 (= X 1908+075), IGR J16418-4532, and IGR J16479-4514. Together with already known superorbital periodicities in 2S 0114+650 and IGR J16493-4348, the systems exhibit a monotonic relationship between superorbital and orbital periods. These systems include both supergiant fast X-ray transients and classical supergiant systems, and have a range of inclination angles. This suggests an underlying physical mechanism which is connected to the orbital period. In addition to these sources with clear detections of superorbital periods, IGR J16393-4643 (= AX J16390.4-4642) is identified as a system that may have superorbital modulation due to the coincidence of low-amplitude peaks in power spectra derived from BAT, Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array, and International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory light curves. 1E 1145.1-6141 may also be worthy of further attention due to the amount of low-frequency modulation of its light curve. However, we find that the presence of superorbital modulation is not a universal feature of wind-accretion supergiant X-ray binaries.

Corbet, Robin H. D.; Krimm, Hans A.

2013-01-01

318

Statistical distributions of mean motion resonances and near-resonances in multiplanetary systems  

E-print Network

The orbits of the confirmed exoplanets from all multiple systems known to date are investigated. Observational data from 1850 objects, of which 1154 are part of multiplanetary systems, are compiled and analyzed. Mean motion resonances and near-resonances up to the forth order and up to the denominator 4 are tested for all adjacent exoplanet orbits. Each host star's "snow line" is calculated using a simple algorithm. The planets are reclassified into categories as a function of the semimajor axis size relative to the snow line location and the semimajor axis vs mass distribution. The fraction of planets in/near resonance is then plotted as a function of both resonance number and resonance order for all the exoplanet population and, separately, for each planet type. In the resonance number plot it appears that the 2/1 and 3/2 resonances and near-resonances are dominant overall, but the observed distribution changes significantly with each planet category, with terrestrial, neptune-type and mini-neptune planets showing the largest variation. In the order-based resonance/near-resonance plot, the observed distribution appears to follow an exponential decay for the general population, but varies widely again with the planet type, with terrestrial and neptune-type planets displaying the largest differences. Approximate methods to estimate resonance/near resonance distributions are also attempted for the systems with unknown planet mass or with unknown star and/or planet mass and compared with the distribution of the planets with all the parameters known. A separate study of the resonance/near resonance fraction distribution as a function of mass is also attempted, but the low statistical data at very high planetary masses prevent the finding of an accurate equation to describe such a dependency.

Marian C. Ghilea

2014-10-08

319

Quantification of tryptic peptides in quadrupole ion trap using high-mass signals derived from isotope-coded N-acetyl dipeptide tags.  

PubMed

Isotope-labeled N-acetyl dipeptides (Ac-Xxx-Ala) are coupled to the primary amines of tryptic peptides and then analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. Amide bond cleavage between Xxx and Ala provides both low- and high-mass isotope-coded signals for quantification of peptides. Especially, facile cleavage at the modified lysine side chain yields very strong high-mass quantitation signals in a noise-free region. Tagging tryptic peptides with isobaric N-acetyl dipeptides is a viable strategy for accurate quantification of proteins, which can be used with most quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometers carrying the 1/3 mass cut-off problem. PMID:21953270

Seo, Jongcheol; Yoon, Hye-Joo; Shin, Seung Koo

2011-09-01

320

Quantification of Tryptic Peptides in Quadrupole Ion Trap Using High-Mass Signals Derived from Isotope-Coded N-Acetyl Dipeptide Tags  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isotope-labeled N-acetyl dipeptides (Ac-Xxx-Ala) are coupled to the primary amines of tryptic peptides and then analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. Amide bond cleavage between Xxx and Ala provides both low- and high-mass isotope-coded signals for quantification of peptides. Especially, facile cleavage at the modified lysine side chain yields very strong high-mass quantitation signals in a noise-free region. Tagging tryptic peptides with isobaric N-acetyl dipeptides is a viable strategy for accurate quantification of proteins, which can be used with most quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometers carrying the 1/3 mass cut-off problem.

Seo, Jongcheol; Yoon, Hye-Joo; Shin, Seung Koo

2011-09-01

321

Vibrational Resonance in the Morse Oscillator  

E-print Network

We investigate the occurrence of vibrational resonance in both classical and quantum mechanical Morse oscillators driven by a biharmonic force. The biharmonic force consists of two forces of widely different frequencies \\omega and \\Omega with \\Omega>>\\omega. In the damped and biharmonically driven classical Morse oscillator applying a theoretical approach we obtain an analytical expression for the response amplitude at the low-frequency \\omega. We identify the conditions on the parameters for the occurrence of the resonance. The system shows only one resonance and moreover at resonance the response amplitude is 1/(d\\omega) where d is the coefficient of linear damping. When the amplitude of the high-frequency force is varied after resonance the response amplitude does not decay to zero but approaches a nonzero limiting value. We have observed that vibrational resonance occurs when the sinusoidal force is replaced by a square-wave force. We also report the occurrence of resonance and anti-resonance of transition probability of quantum mechanical Morse oscillator in the presence of the biharmonic external field.

K. Abirami; S. Rajasekar; M. A. F. Sanjuan

2013-04-15

322

Extraction of lifetime distributions from fluorescence decays with application to DNA-base analogues.  

PubMed

Several important aspects of fluorescence decay analysis are addressed and tested against new experimental measurements. A simulated-annealing method is described for deconvoluting the instrument response function from a measured fluorescence decay to yield the true decay, which is more convenient for subsequent fitting. The method is shown to perform well against the conventional approach, which is to fit a convoluted fitting function to the experimentally measured decay. The simulated annealing approach is also successfully applied to the determination of an instrument response function using a known true fluorescence decay (for rhodamine 6G). The analysis of true fluorescence decays is considered critically, focusing specifically on how a distribution of decay constants can be incorporated in to a fit. Various fitting functions are applied to the true fluorescence decays of 2-aminopurine in water-dioxane mixtures, in a dinucleotide, and in DNA duplexes. It is shown how a suitable combination of exponential decays and non-exponential decays (based on a ? distribution of decay constants) can provide fits of equal quality to the conventional multi-exponential fits used in the majority of previous studies, but with fewer fitting parameters. Crucially, the new approach yields decay-constant distributions that are physically more meaningful than those corresponding to the conventional multi-exponential fit. The methods presented here should find wider application, for example to the analysis of transient-current or optical decays and in Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). PMID:21212896

Fogarty, Aoife C; Jones, Anita C; Camp, Philip J

2011-03-01

323

All-Resonant Control of Superconducting Resonators  

E-print Network

An all-resonant method is proposed to control the quantum state of superconducting resonators. This approach uses a tunable artificial atom linearly coupled to resonators, and allows for efficient routes to Fock state synthesis, qudit logic operations, and synthesis of NOON states. This resonant approach is theoretically analyzed, and found to perform signficantly better than existing proposals using the same technology.

Frederick W. Strauch

2012-08-17

324

Study of the D0 ---> pi- pi+ pi- pi+ decay  

SciTech Connect

Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, they present new measurements for the Cabbibo-suppressed decay mode D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. They measure the branching ratio {Lambda}(D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -})/{Lambda}(D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) = 0.0914 {+-} 0.0018 {+-} 0.0022. An amplitude analysis has been performed, a first for this channel, in order to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. The dominant component is the decay D{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}(1260){sup +}{pi}{sup -}, accounting for 60% of the decay rate. The second most dominant contribution comes from the decay D{sup 0} {yields} {rho}(770){sup 0}{rho}(770){sup 0}, with a fraction of 25%. They also study the a{sub 1}(1260) line shape and resonant substructure. Using the helicity formalism for the angular distribution of the decay D{sup 0} {yields} {rho}(770){sup 0}{rho}(770){sup 0}, they measure a longitudinal polarization of P{sub L} = (71 {+-} 4 {+-} 2)%.

Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /CINVESTAV, IPN /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U.

2007-01-01

325

Reheating dynamics affects non-perturbative decay of spectator fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The behaviour of oscillating scalar spectator fields after inflation depends on the thermal background produced by inflaton decay. Resonant decay of the spectator is often blocked by large induced thermal masses. We account for the finite decay width of the inflaton and the protracted build-up of the thermal bath to determine the early evolution of a homogeneous spectator field ? coupled to the Higgs Boson ? through the term g2?2?2, the only renormalisable coupling of a new scalar to the Standard Model. We find that for very large higgs-spectator coupling ggtrsim10-3, the resonance is not always blocked as was previously suggested. As a consequence, the oscillating spectator can decay quickly. For other parameter values, we find that although qualitative features of the thermal blocking still hold, the dynamics are altered compared to the instant decay case. These findings are important for curvaton models, where the oscillating field must be relatively long lived in order to produce the curvature perturbation. They are also relevant for other spectator fields, which must decay sufficiently early to avoid spoiling the predictions of baryogenesis and nucleosynthesis.

Enqvist, Kari; Lerner, Rose N.; Rusak, Stanislav

2013-11-01

326

Search for New Physics Using High-Mass Tau Pairs from 1.96 TeV pp¯ Collisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of a search for anomalous resonant production of tau lepton pairs with large invariant mass, the first such search using the CDF II Detector in Run II of the Tevatron p pmacr collider. Such anomalous production could arise from various new physics processes. In a data sample corresponding to 195pb-1 of integrated luminosity we predict 2.8±0.5

D. Acosta; J. Adelman; T. Affolder; T. Akimoto; M. G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; K. Anikeev; A. Annovi; J. Antos; M. Aoki; G. Apollinari; T. Arisawa; J.-F. Arguin; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; N. Bacchetta; H. Bachacou; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; G. J. Barker; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; A. Belloni; E. Ben-Haim; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; T. Berry; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; M. Bishai; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; K. Bloom; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; S. Bourov; B. Brau; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; M. Casarsa; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carron; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; J. Chapman; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; I. Cho; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; S. Chuang; K. Chung; W.-H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; M. Cijliak; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. G. Clark; D. Clark; M. Coca; A. Connolly; M. Convery; J. Conway; B. Cooper; K. Copic; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; J. Cranshaw; J. Cuevas; A. Cruz; R. Culbertson; C. Currat; D. Cyr; D. Dagenhart; S. da Ronco; S. D'Auria; P. de Barbaro; S. de Cecco; A. Deisher; G. de Lentdecker; M. Dell'Orso; S. Demers; L. Demortier; M. Deninno; D. de Pedis; P. F. Derwent; T. Devlin; C. Dionisi; J. R. Dittmann; P. Dituro; C. Dörr; A. Dominguez; S. Donati; M. Donega; J. Donini; M. D'Onofrio; T. Dorigo; K. Ebina; J. Efron; J. Ehlers; R. Erbacher; M. Erdmann; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H.-C. Fang; S. Farrington; I. Fedorko; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; R. D. Field; G. Flanagan; L. R. Flores-Castillo; A. Foland; S. Forrester; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; Y. Fujii; I. Furic; A. Gajjar; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; M. Garcia-Sciveres; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; H. Gerberich; D. W. Gerdes; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; A. Gibson; K. Gibson; C. Ginsburg; K. Giolo; M. Giordani; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; D. Goldstein; J. Goldstein; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; Y. Gotra; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; M. Griffiths; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. Guimaraes da Costa; C. Haber; K. Hahn; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B.-Y. Han; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; F. Hartmann; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; C. Hays; H. Hayward; B. Heinemann; J. Heinrich; M. Hennecke; M. Herndon; C. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; K. D. Hoffman; A. Holloway; S. Hou; M. A. Houlden; B. T. Huffman; Y. Huang; R. E. Hughes; J. Huston; K. Ikado; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; Y. Ishizawa; C. Issever; A. Ivanov; Y. Iwata; B. Iyutin; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; D. Jeans; H. Jensen; E. J. Jeon; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. Junk; T. Kamon; J. Kang; M. Karagoz Unel; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; Y. Kemp; R. Kephart; U. Kerzel; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; M. Kirby; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; M. Klute; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; H. Kobayashi; D. J. Kong; K. Kondo; J. Konigsberg; K. Kordas; A. Korn; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; A. Kovalev; J. Kraus; I. Kravchenko; A. Kreymer; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; S. E. Kuhlmann; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; C. Lecci; T. Lecompte; J. Lee; S. W. Lee; R. Lefèvre; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; S. Levy; J. D. Lewis; K. Li; C. Lin; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; T. M. Liss; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; Y. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; P. Loverre; R.-S. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; E. Lytken; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; P. Maksimovic; G. Manca; F. Margaroli; R. Marginean; C. Marino; A. Martin; M. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; T. Maruyama; H. Matsunaga; M. Mattson; P. Mazzanti; K. S. McFarland; D. McGivern; P. M. McIntyre; P. McNamara; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; S. Menzemer; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Messina; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; J. Miles; L. Miller; R. Miller; J. S. Miller; C. Mills; R. Miquel; S. Miscetti; G. Mitselmakher; A. Miyamoto; N. Moggi; B. Mohr; R. Moore; M. Morello; P. A. Movilla Fernandez; J. Muelmenstaedt; A. Mukherjee; M. Mulhearn; T. Muller; R. Mumford; A. Munar; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; S. Nahn; I. Nakano; A. Napier; R. Napora; D. Naumov; V. Necula; J. Nielsen; T. Nelson; C. Neu; M. S. Neubauer; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; O. Norniella; T. Ogawa; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; T. Ohsugi; T. Okusawa; R. Oldeman; R. Orava

2005-01-01

327

Very light charginos and Higgs decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore modifications to the loop-induced Higgs couplings h?? and h?Z from light charginos in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. When the lightest chargino mass is above the kinematic LEP bound of order 100 GeV the effects are modest, with deviations in the decay branching ratios typically less than 15% from the Standard Model predictions. However, if the charginos are lighter than 100 GeV, more dramatic alterations to these couplings are possible as a consequence of the rise of the one loop form factor. For example, the diphoton signal strength can be enhanced by as much as 70% compared to the Standard Model value. We scrutinize in detail the existing LEP, Tevatron, and LHC searches and present a scenario in which a very light chargino with a mass as light as half the Higgs mass is allowed by all direct collider searches and electroweak precision tests. The scenario has a sneutrino LSP that decays through an R-parity violating coupling and has a macroscopic decay length of order 10 - 100 cm. The characteristic signature is a displaced e? resonance arising when a sneutrino decays in the inner detector. We outline potential search strategies to test this scenario at the LHC.

Batell, Brian; Jung, Sunghoon; Wagner, Carlos E. M.

2013-12-01

328

Evidence for Semileptonic B??pp¯???¯? Decays  

SciTech Connect

We find evidence for the semileptonic baryonic decay B??pp¯???¯? (?=e, ?), based on a data sample of 772 million BB¯ pairs collected at the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider. A neural-network based hadronic B-meson tagging method is used in this study. The branching fraction of B??pp¯???¯? is measured to be (5.8+2.4?2.1(stat)±0.9(syst))×10?6 with a significance of 3.2?, where lepton universality is assumed. We also estimate the corresponding upper limit: B(B??pp¯???¯?)<9.6×10?6 at the 90% confidence level. This measurement helps constrain the baryonic transition form factor in B decays

Tien, Kai-Jen; Wang, M. Z.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, David M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, Anu; Bhuyan, Bipul; Bozek, A.; Bracko, Marko; Browder, Thomas E.; Chang, P.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I- S.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, David A.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Dolezal, Z.; Drasal, Z.; Dutta, Deepanwita; Eidelman, S.; Farhat, H.; Fast, James E.; Ferber, T.; Gaur, Vipin; Ganguly, Sudeshna; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W. S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Huschle, Matthias J.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Julius, T.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kato, E.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, Y. J.; Klucar, Jure; Ko, Byeong Rok; Kodys, P.; Korpar, S.; Krizan, P.; Krokovny, Pavel; Kronenbitter, B.; Kuhr, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y. J.; Lee, S. H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liu, Yang; Liventsev, Dmitri; Lukin, P.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, Minakshi; Nedelkovska, E.; Ng, C.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, Stephen L.; Ostrowicz, W.; Oswald, Christian; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, Todd; Pestotnik, Rok; Petric, Marko; Piilonen, Leo E.; Ritter, M.; Rohrken, M.; Sahoo, Himansu B.; Saito, Tomoyuki; Sakai, Yoshihide; Sandilya, Saurabh; Santel, Daniel; Santelj, Luka; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Yutaro; Savinov, Vladimir; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, Martin E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T. A.; Shiu, Jing-Ge; Sibidanov, A.; Sohn, Young-Soo; Sokolov, A.; Stanic, S.; Stanic, M.; Steder, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, Gocha; Teramoto, Y.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Yuji; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Vahsen, Sven E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, Gary; Varvell, K. E.; Vinokurova, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, P.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, Eun Il; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

2014-01-09

329

First search for double $?$ decay of dysprosium  

E-print Network

A search for double $\\beta$ decay of dysprosium was realized for the first time with the help of an ultra low-background HP Ge $\\gamma$ detector. After 2512 h of data taking with a 322 g sample of dysprosium oxide limits on double beta processes in $^{156}$Dy and $^{158}$Dy have been established on the level of $T_{1/2}\\geq 10^{14}-10^{16}$ yr. Possible resonant double electron captures in $^{156}$Dy and $^{158}$Dy were restricted on a similar level. As a by-product of the experiment we have measured the radioactive contamination of the Dy$_2$O$_3$ sample and set limits on the $\\alpha$ decay of dysprosium isotopes to the excited levels of daughter nuclei as $T_{1/2}\\geq 10^{15} - 10^{17}$ yr.

P. Belli; R. Bernabei; F. Cappella; R. Cerulli; F. A. Danevich; S. d'Angelo; M. L. Di Vacri; A. Incicchitti; M. Laubenstein; S. S. Nagorny; S. Nisi; A. V. Tolmachev; V. I. Tretyak; R. P. Yavetskiy

2011-03-28

330

PROSPECTS FOR DISCOVERY OF THE ?- ? ?-?+?-?? DECAYS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the phenomenology of the ?- ? ?-???+?- decays (? = e, ?), predicting the respective branching ratios and di-lepton invariant-mass spectra. In addition to the model-independent (QED) contributions, we investigate the structure-dependent (SD) terms, encoding features of the hadronization of QCD currents. The relevant form factors are evaluated by supplementing Chiral Perturbation Theory with the inclusion of the lightest (axial-)vector resonance multiplet as dynamical fields. The Lagrangian couplings are fully predicted requiring the known QCD asymptotic behavior to the relevant Green functions and associated form factors in the limit of an infinite number of colours. As a consequence we predict that the ?- ? ?-??e+e- decays should be discovered soon while this is not granted for the ? = ? case.

Roig, Pablo

2014-12-01

331

A Hi-GAL study of the high-mass star-forming region G29.96-0.02  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. G29.96-0.02 is a high-mass star-forming cloud observed at 70, 160, 250, 350, and 500 ?m as part of the Herschel survey of the Galactic plane (Hi-GAL) during the science demonstration phase. Aims: We wish to conduct a far-infrared study of the sources associated with this star-forming region by estimating their physical properties and evolutionary stage, and investigating the clump mass function, the star formation efficiency and rate in the cloud. Methods: We have identified the Hi-GAL sources associated with the cloud, searched for possible counterparts at centimeter and infrared wavelengths, fitted their spectral energy distribution and estimated their physical parameters. Results: A total of 198 sources have been detected in all 5 Hi-GAL bands, 117 of which are associated with 24 ?m emission and 87 of which are not associated with 24 ?m emission. We called the former sources 24 ?m-bright and the latter ones 24 ?m-dark. The [70-160] color of the 24 ?m-dark sources is smaller than that of the 24 ?m-bright ones. The 24 ?m-dark sources have lower Lbol and Lbol/Menv than the 24 ?m-bright ones for similar Menv, which suggests that they are in an earlier evolutionary phase. The G29-SFR cloud is associated with 10 NVSS sources and with extended centimeter continuum emission well correlated with the 70 ?m emission. Most of the NVSS sources appear to be early B or late O-type stars. The most massive and luminous Hi-GAL sources in the cloud are located close to the G29-UC region, which suggests that there is a privileged area for massive star formation toward the center of the G29-SFR cloud. Almost all the Hi-GAL sources have masses well above the Jeans mass but only 5% have masses above the virial mass, which indicates that most of the sources are stable against gravitational collapse. The sources with Menv > Mvirial and that should be undergoing collapse and forming stars are preferentially located at ?4' of the G29-UC region, which is the most luminous source in the cloud. The overall SFE of the G29-SFR cloud ranges from 0.7 to 5%, and the SFR ranges from 0.001 to 0.008 M? yr-1, consistent with the values estimated for Galactic Hii regions. The mass spectrum of the sources with masses above 300 M?, well above the completeness limit, can be well-fitted with a power law of slope ? = 2.15 ± 0.30, consistent with the values obtained for the whole l = 30°, associated with high-mass star formation, and l = 59°, associated with low- to intermediate-mass star formation, Hi-GAL SDP fields. Tables 1-3 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

Beltrán, M. T.; Olmi, L.; Cesaroni, R.; Schisano, E.; Elia, D.; Molinari, S.; Di Giorgio, A. M.; Kirk, J. M.; Mottram, J. C.; Pestalozzi, M.; Testi, L.; Thompson, M. A.

2013-04-01

332

Superorbital Periodic Modulation in Wind-Accretion High-Mass X-ray Binaries from Swift BAT Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery using data from the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) of superorbital modulation in the wind-accretion supergiant high-mass X-ray binaries 4U 1909+07 (= X 1908+075), IGR J16418-4532, and IGR J16479-4514. Together with already known superorbital periodicities in 2S 0114+650 and IGR J16493-4348, the systems exhibit a monotonic relationship between superorbital and orbital periods. These systems include both supergiant fast X-ray transients (SFXTs) and classical supergiant systems, and have a range of inclination angles. This suggests an underlying physical mechanism which is connected to the orbital period. In addition to these sources with clear detections of superorbital periods, IGR J16393-4643 (= AX J16390.4-4642) is identified as a system that may have superorbital modulation due to the coincidence of low-amplitude peaks in power spectra derived from BAT, RXTE PCA, and INTEGRAL light curves. 1E 1145.1-6141 may also be worthy of further attention due to the amount of low-frequency modulation of its light curve. However, we find that the presence of superorbital modulation is not a universal feature of wind-accretion supergiant X-ray binaries. Two suggested mechanisms to drive superorbital modulation are pulsations in the primary star and a 3 body system. However, both of these models appear to have problems and detailed multiwavelength data over a superorbital cycle are required to investigate the cause(s) of the modulation.

Corbet, Robin H.; Krimm, H. A.

2014-01-01

333

FEEDBACK FROM HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARIES ON THE HIGH-REDSHIFT INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM: MODEL SPECTRA  

SciTech Connect

Massive stars at redshifts z {approx}> 6 are predicted to have played a pivotal role in cosmological reionization as luminous sources of ultraviolet (UV) photons. However, the remnants of these massive stars could be equally important as X-ray-luminous (L{sub X} {approx} 10{sup 38} erg s{sup -1}) high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs). Because the absorption cross section of neutral hydrogen decreases sharply with photon energy ({sigma}{proportional_to}E {sup -3}), X-rays can escape more freely than UV photons from the star-forming regions in which they are produced, allowing HMXBs to make a potentially significant contribution to the ionizing X-ray background during reionization. In this paper, we explore the ionizing power of HMXBs at redshifts z {approx}> 6 using a Monte Carlo model for a coeval stellar population of main-sequence stars and HMXBs. Using the archetypal Galactic HMXB Cygnus X-1 as our template, we propose a composite HMXB spectral energy distribution consisting of blackbody and power-law components, whose contributions depend on the accretion state of the system. We determine the time-dependent ionizing power of a combined population of UV-luminous stars and X-ray-luminous HMXBs and deduce fitting formulae for the boost in the population's ionizing power arising from HMXBs; these fits allow for simple implementation of HMXB feedback in numerical simulations. Based on this analysis, we estimate the contribution of high-redshift HMXBs to the present-day soft X-ray background, and we show that it is a factor of {approx}100-1000 smaller than the observed limit. Finally, we discuss the implications of our results for the role of HMXBs in reionization and in high-redshift galaxy formation.

Power, Chris [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)] [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); James, Gillian; Wynn, Graham [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Combet, Celine, E-mail: chris.power@icrar.org [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1/CNRS/IN2P3/INPG, 53 avenue des Martyrs, F-38026 Grenoble (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1/CNRS/IN2P3/INPG, 53 avenue des Martyrs, F-38026 Grenoble (France)

2013-02-10

334

Observations and Modeling of the Companions of Short Period Binary Millisecond Pulsars: Evidence for High-mass Neutron Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present observations of fields containing eight recently discovered binary millisecond pulsars using the telescopes at MDM Observatory. Optical counterparts to four of these systems are detected, one of which, PSR J2214+3000, is a novel detection. Additionally, we present the fully phase-resolved B, V, and R light curves of the optical counterparts to two objects, PSR J1810+1744 and PSR J2215+5135 for which we employ model fitting using the eclipsing light curve (ELC) model of Orosz & Hauschildt to measure the unknown system parameters. For PSR J1810+1744, we find that the system parameters cannot be fit even assuming that 100% of the spin-down luminosity of the pulsar is irradiating the secondary, and so radial velocity measurements of this object will be required for the complete solution. However, PSR J2215+5135 exhibits light curves that are extremely well constrained using the ELC model and we find that the mass of the neutron star is constrained by these and the radio observations to be M NS > 1.75 M ? at the 3? level. We also find a discrepancy between the model temperature and the measured colors of this object, which we interpret as possible evidence for an additional high-temperature source such as a quiescent disk. Given this and the fact that PSR J2215+5135 contains a relatively high mass companion (M c > 0.1 M ?), we propose that similar to the binary pulsar systems PSR J1023+0038 and IGR J18245-2452, the pulsar may transition between accretion- and rotation-powered modes.

Schroeder, Joshua; Halpern, Jules

2014-10-01

335

A COMPARATIVE ASTROCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE HIGH-MASS PROTOSTELLAR OBJECTS NGC 7538 IRS 9 AND IRS 1  

SciTech Connect

We report the results of a spectroscopic study of the high-mass protostellar object NGC 7538 IRS 9 and compare our observations to published data on the nearby object NGC 7538 IRS 1. Both objects originated in the same molecular cloud and appear to be at different points in their evolutionary histories, offering an unusual opportunity to study the temporal evolution of envelope chemistry in objects sharing a presumably identical starting composition. Observations were made with the Texas Echelon Cross Echelle Spectrograph, a sensitive, high spectral resolution (R {lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} {approx_equal} 100,000) mid-infrared grating spectrometer. Forty-six individual lines in vibrational modes of the molecules C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, HCN, NH{sub 3}, and CO were detected, including two isotopologues ({sup 13}CO, {sup 12}C{sup 18}O) and one combination mode ({nu}{sub 4} + {nu}{sub 5} C{sub 2}H{sub 2}). Fitting synthetic spectra to the data yielded the Doppler shift, excitation temperature, Doppler b parameter, column density, and covering factor for each molecule observed; we also computed column density upper limits for lines and species not detected, such as HNCO and OCS. We find differences among spectra of the two objects likely attributable to their differing radiation and thermal environments. Temperatures and column densities for the two objects are generally consistent, while the larger line widths toward IRS 9 result in less saturated lines than those toward IRS 1. Finally, we compute an upper limit on the size of the continuum-emitting region ({approx}2000 AU) and use this constraint and our spectroscopy results to construct a schematic model of IRS 9.

Barentine, John C.; Lacy, John H. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)

2012-10-01

336

Linear electric field mass analysis: a technique for three-dimensional high mass resolution space plasma composition measurements.  

PubMed Central

A revolutionary type of three-dimensional space plasma composition analyzer has been developed that combines very high-resolution mass composition measurements on a fraction of the incident ions simultaneously with lower mass resolution but high sensitivity measurements of the remaining population in a single compact and robust sensor design. Whereas the lower mass resolution measurements are achieved using conventional energy/charge (E/q) and linear time-of-flight analysis, the high mass resolution measurements are made by timing reflected E/q analyzed ions in a linear electric field (LEF). In a LEF the restoring (reflecting) force that an ion experiences in the direction parallel to the field is proportional to the depth it travels into the LEF region, and its equation of motion in that direction is that of a simple harmonic oscillator. Consequently, an ion's travel time is independent of its initial angle and energy and is simply proportional to the square root of the ion's mass/charge (m/q). The measured m/q resolution, (m/q)/Delta(m/q), for a small LEF-based prototype that we have developed and tested is approximately 20. In addition, our laboratory measurements with the prototype instrument show that characteristic time-of-flight spectra allow the resolution of atomic and molecular species with nearly identical m/q values. The measured response of the prototype is in excellent agreement with computer simulations of the device. Advanced design work using this computer simulation indicates that three-dimensional plasma composition analyzers with m/q resolutions of at least 50 are readily achievable. PMID:11607095

McComas, D J; Nordholt, J E; Bame, S J; Barraclough, B L; Gosling, J T

1990-01-01

337

THE INTEGRAL SOURCE IGR J16328-4726: A HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARY FROM THE BEPPOSAX ERA  

SciTech Connect

We report on temporal and spectral analysis of the INTEGRAL fast transient candidate IGR J16328-4726 observed with BeppoSAX in 1998 and more recently with INTEGRAL. The MECS X-ray data show a frequent microactivity typical of the intermediate state of supergiant fast X-ray transients and a weak flare with a duration of {approx}4.6 ks. The X-ray emission in the 1.5-10 keV energy range is well described through the different time intervals by an absorbed power-law model. Comparing spectra from the lower emission level up to the peak of the flare, we note that while the power-law photon index was constant ({approx}2), the absorption column density varied by a factor of up to {approx}6-7, reaching a value of {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} cm{sup -2} at the peak of the flare. Analysis of the long-term INTEGRAL/IBIS light curve confirms and refines the proposed {approx}10.07 day period, and the derived ephemeris places the BeppoSAX observations away from periastron. Using the near- and the mid-IR available observations, we constructed a spectral infrared distribution for the counterpart of IGR J16328-4726, allowing us to identify its counterpart as a high-mass OB type star and to classify this source as a firm HMXB. Following the standard clumpy wind theory, we estimated the mass and the radius of the clump responsible for the flare. The obtained values of M {sub cl} {approx_equal} 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 22}g and R{sub cl} {approx_equal} 4.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} km are in agreement with expected values from theoretical predictions.

Fiocchi, M.; Bazzano, A.; Natalucci, L.; Persi, P.; Piro, L.; Ubertini, P. [Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali (INAF), Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Roma I-00133 (Italy)] [Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali (INAF), Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Roma I-00133 (Italy); Bird, A. J.; Drave, S. P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

2013-01-01

338

The Swift-BAT survey reveals the orbital period of three high-mass X-ray binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: A growing number of previously hidden Galactic X-ray sources are now detected with recent surveys performed by the INTEGRAL and Swift satellites. Most of these new sources eluded past surveys due to their large local X-ray extinction and consequent low soft X-ray flux. The Swift-BAT performs daily monitoring of the sky in an energy band (15-150 keV) which is only marginally affected by X-ray extinction, thus allowing for the search of long periodicities in the light curve and identification of the nature of the X-ray sources. Methods: We performed a period search using the folding technique in the Swift-BAT light curves of three INTEGRAL sources: IGR J05007-7047, IGR J13186-6257 and IGR J17354-3255. Their periodograms show significant peaks at 30.77 ± 0.01 d, 19.99 ± 0.01 d and 8.448 ± 0.002 d, respectively. We estimate the significance of these features from the ?2 distribution of all the trials, finding a probability ? 1.5 × 10-4 that the detections occurred due to chance. We complement our analysis with the study of their broadband X-ray emission. Results: We identify the periodicities with the orbital periods of the sources. The periods are typical for the wind accretors X-ray binaries and we support this identification showing that also their energy spectra are compatible with an X-ray spectral emission characteristic of high-mass X-ray binaries. The spectrum of IGR J05007-704 that resides in the Large Magellanic Cloud, does not show any intrinsic local absorption, whereas the spectra of the Galactic sources IGR J17354-3255 and IGR J13186-6257 may be affected by a local absorber. The folded light curve for IGR J13186-6257 suggests a possible Be companion star.

D'Aì, A.; La Parola, V.; Cusumano, G.; Segreto, A.; Romano, P.; Vercellone, S.; Robba, N. R.

2011-05-01

339

Resonance Rings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an activity about resonance and where it is found in related to astronomy. Learners will construct two differently sized rings out of file folder paper and tape them to a piece of cardboard. Next, they will shake the cardboard from side to side, which shakes the rings, and observe what happens when the frequency of the shaking is gradually increased. This activity is from the Stanford Solar Center's All About the Sun: Sun and Stars activity guide for Grades 5-8 and can also accompany the Stanford Solar Center's Build Your Own Spectroscope activity.

340

Assessment of advanced coal-gasification processes. [AVCO high throughput gasification in process; Bell High Mass Flux process; CSR process; and Exxon Gasification process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report represents a technical assessment of the following advanced coal gasification processes: AVCO High Throughput Gasification (HTG) Process, Bell Single - Stage High Mass Flux (HMF) Process, Cities Service\\/Rockwell (CS\\/R) Hydrogasification Process, and the Exxon Catalytic Coal Gasification (CCG) Process. Each process is evaluated for its potential to produce SNG from a bituminous coal. In addition to identifying the

J. McCarthy; J. Ferrall; T. Charng; J. Houseman

1981-01-01

341

MAXI/GSC detection of a new X-ray activity of high-mass X-ray binary pulsar, 2S 1553-542.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MAX/GSC detected the increase of X-ray flux from the position consistent with the high mass X-ray binary pulsar, 2S 1553-542. The light curve indicates that the current activity started on around January 28 (MJD 57050) and the flux has been increasing gradually.

Sugizaki, M.; Mihara, T.; Negoro, H.; Ueno, S.; Tomida, H.; Nakahira, S.; Kimura, M.; Ishikawa, M.; Nakagawa, Y. E.; Morii, M.; Serino, M.; Sugimoto, J.; Takagi, T.; Yoshikawa, A.; Matsuoka, M.; Kawai, N.; Yoshii, T.; Tachibana, Y.; Yoshida, A.; Sakamoto, T.; Kawakubo, Y.; Ohtsuki, H.; Tsunemi, H.; Uchida, D.; Nakajima, M.; Fukushima, K.; Onodera, T.; Suzuki, K.; Namba, T.; Fujita, M.; Honda, F.; Ueda, Y.; Shidatsu, M.; Kawamuro, T.; Hori, T.; Tsuboi, Y.; Kawagoe, A.; Yamauchi, M.; Morooka, Y.; Itoh, D.; Yamaoka, K.

2015-02-01

342

Probing stellar winds and accretion physics in high-mass X-ray binaries and ultra-luminous X-ray sources with LOFT  

E-print Network

This is a White Paper in support of the mission concept of the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT), proposed as a medium-sized ESA mission. We discuss the potential of LOFT for the study of high-mass X-ray binaries and ultra-luminous X-ray sources. For a summary, we refer to the paper.

Orlandini, M; Zampieri, L; Bozzo, E; Baykal, A; Blay, P; Chernyakova, M; Corbet, R; D'Aì, A; Enoto, T; Ferrigno, C; Finger, M; Klochkov, D; Kreykenbohm, I; Inam, S C; Jenke, P; Masetti, N; Manousakis, A; Mihara, T; Paul, B; Postnov, K; Reig, P; Romano, P; Santangelo, A; Shakura, N; Staubert, R; Torrejón, J M; Walter, R; Wilms, J; Wilson-Hodge, C

2015-01-01

343

Spectrum and decay properties of diquonia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the interquark potential due to Bhaduri et al., the properties of q 2 q -2 systems are studied within a non-relativistic quark model. A systematics over the various flavors u, d, s, c, b, over the total spin S and over the orbital angular momentum L=0, 1, 2, 3 is carried out, while the parity is taken as the natural one. Not only the spectrum, but also the decay properties of each state are evaluated and the wave functions are analyzed in term of dumbbell structure. We propose a number of new resonances which could have a very narrow width.

Silvestre-Brac, B.; Semay, C.

1993-09-01

344

Update of electroweak parameters from Z decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on 520 000 fermion pairs accumulated during the first three years of data collection by the ALEPH detector at LEP, updated values of the resonance parameters of theZ are determined to beMZ=(91.187±0.009) GeV, GZ=(2.501±0.012) GeV, shad0=(41.60±0.27) nb, andRl=20.78±0.13. The corresponding number of light neutrino species isN?=2.97±0.05. The forward-backward asymmetry in lepton-pair decays is used to determine the ratio of

D. Buskulic; D. Decamp; C. Goy; J.-P. Lees; M. N. Minard; B. Mours; B. Pietrzyk; R. Alemany; F. Ariztizabal; P. Comas; J. M. Crespo; M. Delfino; E. Fernandez; M. Fernandez-Bosman; V. Gaitan; Ll. Garrido; T. Mattison; A. Pacheco; C. Padilla; A. Pascual; D. Creanza; M. de Palma; A. Farilla; G. Iaselli; G. Maggi; M. Maggi; S. Natali; S. Nuzzo; M. Quattromini; A. Ranieri; G. Raso; F. Romano; F. Ruggieri; G. selvaggi; L. Silvestris; P. Tempesta; G. Zito; Y. Chai; H. Hu; D. Huang; X. Huang; J. Lin; T. Wang; Y. Xie; D. Xu; R. Xu; J. Zhang; L. Zhang; W. Zhao; L. A. T. Bauerdick; E. Blucher; G. Bonvicini; J. Boudreau; D. Casper; H. Drevermann; R. W. Forty; G. Ganis; C. Gay; R. Hagelberg; J. Harvey; S. Haywood; J. Hilgart; R. Jacobsen; B. Jost; J. Knobloch; I. Lehraus; T. Lohse; A. Lusiani; M. Martinez; P. Mato; H. Meinhard; A. Minten; A. Miotto; R. Miquel; H.-G. Moser; P. Palazzi; J. A. Perlas; J.-F. Pusztaszeri; F. Ranjard; G. Redlinger; L. Rolandi; J. Rothberg; T. Ruan; M. Saich; D. Schlatter; M. Schmelling; F. Sefkow; W. Tejessy; H. Wachsmuth; W. Wiedenmann; T. Wildish; W. Witzeling; J. Wotschack; Z. Ajaltouni; F. Badaud; M. Bardadin-Otwinowska; R. El Fellous; A. Falvard; P. Gay; C. Guicheney; P. Henrard; J. Jousset; B. Michel; J. C. Montret; D. Pallin; P. Perret; F. Podlyski; J. Proriol; F. Prulhière; F. Saadi; T. Fearnley; J. D. Hansen; J. R. Hansen; P. H. Hansen; R. Møllerud; B. S. Nilsson; I. Efthymiopoulos; A. Kyriakis; E. Simopoulou; A. Vayaki; K. Zachariadou; J. Badier; A. Blondel; G. Bonneaud; J. C. Brient; G. Fouque; S. Orteu; A. Rougé; M. Rumpf; R. Tanaka; M. Verderi; H. Videau; D. J. Candlin; M. I. Parsons; E. Veitch; L. Moneta; G. Parrini; M. Corden; C. Georgiopoulos; M. Ikeda; J. Lannutti; D. Levinthal; M. Mermikides; L. Sawyer; S. Wasserbaech; A. Antonelli; R. Baldini; G. Bencivenni; G. Bologna; F. Bossi; P. Campana; G. Capon; F. Cerutti; V. Chiarella; B. D'Ettorre-Piazzoli; G. Felici; P. Laurelli; G. Mannocchi; F. Murtas; G. P. Murtas; L. Passalacqua; M. Pepe-Altarelli; P. Picchi; P. Colrain; I. ten Have; J. G. Lynch; W. Maitland; W. T. Morton; C. Raine; P. Reeves; J. M. Scarr; K. Smith; M. G. Smith; A. S. Thompson; R. M. Turnbull; B. Brandl; O. Braun; C. Geweniger; P. Hanke; V. Hepp; E. E. Kluge; Y. Maumary; A. Putzer; B. Rensch; A. Stahl; K. Tittel; M. Wunsch; A. T. Belk; R. Beuselinck; D. M. Binnie; W. Cameron; M. Cattaneo; D. J. Colling; P. J. Dornan; S. Dugeay; A. M. Greene; J. F. Hassard; N. M. Lieske; J. Nash; D. G. Payne; M. J. Phillips; J. K. Sedgbeer; I. R. Tomalin; A. G. Wright; P. Girtler; E. Kneringer; D. Kuhn; G. Rudolph; C. K. Bowdery; T. J. Brodbeck; A. J. Finch; F. Foster; G. Hughes; D. Jackson; N. R. Keemer; M. Nuttall; A. Patel; T. Sloan; S. W. Snow; E. P. Whelan; K. Kleinknecht; J. Raab; B. Renk; H.-G. Sander; H. Schmidt; F. Steeg; S. M. Walther; R. Wanke; B. Wolf; S. Adlung; R. Assmann; C. Bauer; W. Blum; D. Brown; P. Cattaneo; B. Dehning; H. Dietl; F. Dydak; M. Frank; A. W. Halley; J. Lauber; G. Lütjens; G. Lutz; W. Männer; R. Richter; H. Rotscheidt; J. Schröder; A. S. Schwarz; R. Settles; H. Seywerd; U. Stierlin; U. Stiegler; R. St. Denis; G. Wolf; J. Boucrot; O. Callot; A. Cordier; M. Davier; L. Duflot; J.-F. Grivaz; Ph. Heusse; D. E. Jaffe; P. Janot; D. W. Kim; F. Le Diberder; J. Lefrançois; A.-M. Lutz; M.-H. Schune; J.-J. Veillet; I. Videau; Z. Zhang; D. Abbaneo; G. Bagliesi; G. Batignani; L. Bosisio; U. Bottigli; C. Bozzi; G. Calderini; M. Carpinelli; M. A. Ciocci; R. Dell'Orso; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. Foà; E. Focardi; F. Forti; A. Giassi; M. A. Giorgi; A. Gregorio; F. Ligabue; E. B. Mannelli; P. S. Marrocchesi; A. Messineo; F. Palla; G. Rizzo; G. Sanguinetti; P. Spagnolo; J. Steinberger; R. Tenchini; G. Tonelli; G. Griggiani; C. Vannini; A. Venturi; P. G. Verdini; J. Walsh; A. P. Betteridge; J. M. Carter; M. G. Green; P. V. March; Ll. M. Mir; T. Medcalf; I. S. Quazi; J. A. Strong; L. R. West; J.-J. Aubert; A. M. Bencheikh; C. Benchouk; A. Bonissent; J. Carr; P. Coyle; J. Drinkard; F. Etienne; D. Nicod; S. Papalexiou; P. Payre; L. Roos; D. Rousseau; P. Schwemling; M. Talby; D. R. Botterill; R. W. Clift; T. R. Edgecock; M. Edwards; S. M. Fisher; T. J. Jones; P. R. Norton; D. P. Salmon; J. C. Thompson; B. Bloch-Devaux; P. Colas; H. Duarte; W. Kozanecki; E. Lançon; M. C. Lemaire; E. Locci; P. Perez; F. Perrier; J. Rander; J.-F. Renardy; A. Rosowsky; A. Roussarie; J.-P. Schuller; J. Schwindling; D. Si Mohand; B. Vallage; R. P. Johnson; A. M. Litke; G. Taylor; J. Wear; J. G. Ashman; W. Babbage; C. N. Booth; C. Buttar; R. E. Carney; S. Cartwright; F. Combley; F. Hatfied; L. F. Thompson; E. Barberio; A. Böhrer; S. Brandt; G. Cowan; C. Grupen; G. Lutters; F. Rivera; U. Schäfer; L. Smolik; R. Della Marina; G. Giannini; B. Gobbo; F. Ragusa; L. Bellantoni; W. Chen; D. Cinabro; J. S. Conway; D. F. Cowen; Z. Feng; D. P. S. Ferguson; Y. S. Gao

1993-01-01

345

Radiative B Decays  

SciTech Connect

I discuss recent results in radiative B decays from the Belle and BaBar collaborations. I report new measurements of the decay rate and CP asymmetries in b {yields} s{gamma} and b {yields} d{gamma} decays, and measurements of the photon spectrum in b {yields} s{gamma}. Radiative penguin decays are flavour changing neutral currents which do not occur at tree level in the standard model (SM), but must proceed via one loop or higher order diagrams. These transitions are therefore suppressed in the SM, but offer access to poorlyknown SM parameters and are also a sensitive probe of new physics. In the SM, the rate is dominated by the top quark contribution to the loop, but non-SM particles could also contribute with a size comparable to leading SM contributions. The new physics effects are potentially large which makes them theoretically very interesting, but due to their small branching fractions they are typically experimentally challenging.

Bard, D.; /Imperial Coll., London

2011-11-23

346

RARE KAON DECAYS.  

SciTech Connect

Lepton flavor violation (LFV) experiments have probed sensitivities corresponding to mass scales of well over 100 TeV, making life difficult for models predicting accessible LFV in kaon decay and discouraging new dedicated experiments of this type.

LITTENBERG, L.

2005-07-19

347

Fermi's ?-DECAY Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout his lifetime Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) had considered his 1934 ?-decay theory as his most important contribution to theoretical physics. E. Segrè (1905-1989) had vividly written about an episode at the inception of that paper:1...

Yang, Chen Ning

2013-05-01

348

Baryonic B Meson Decays  

E-print Network

Recent results on baryonic B decays from the two b-factories, BABAR and Belle, are presented. These include studies of B+ to p pbar pi+, B+ to p Lambdabar gamma and B0 to p Lambdabar pi-; observations of B+ to p Lambdabar pi0, B to Lambda_c+ Lambda_c- K, and B+ to Xibar0_c Lambda_c+; and study of the inclusive B decays to Lambda_c.

M. Z. Wang

2007-05-21

349

Important Rare Kaon Decays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kaon decays stay as one of the benchmarks of the Standard Model and its possible deviations. Though most of the channels receive low-energy non-perturbative contributions and, therefore, the possibility of extracting Standard Model parameters with accurate precision is somewhat dumbed, there are a few rare decays that are theoretically clean and may open a window on New Physics. Here we recall two of them: K????¯ and KL??0?+?-.

Portolés, Jorge

2012-04-01

350

Holography and Anomaly Matching for Resonances  

E-print Network

We derive a universal relation for the transverse part of triangle anomalies within a class of theories whose gravity dual is described by the Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory. This relation provides a set of sum rules involving the masses, decay constants and couplings between resonances, and leads to the formulas for the matrix elements of the vector and axial currents in the presence of the soft electromagnetic field. We also discuss that this relation is valid in real QCD at least approximately. This may be regarded as the anomaly matching for resonances as an analogue of that for the massless excitations in QCD.

Dam T. Son; Naoki Yamamoto

2010-10-04

351

Hadronic D decays involving even-parity light mesons  

SciTech Connect

We study the hadronic D meson decays into a pseudoscalar meson P and an even-parity meson M, where M represents a scalar meson S, an axial-vector meson A, or a tensor meson T. These decays are first analyzed in the flavor-diagram approach. Fits to the SP modes with S being a nonstrange scalar meson show that neither the simple qq picture nor the q{sup 2}q{sup 2} scheme is favored by data. Current measurements on the AP decays are insufficient for a meaningful analysis. Some TP data are inconsistent with the others. In certain cases, the W-annihilation diagrams indicated by the data are unexpectedly large. As a comparison, we also compute their decay rates in the factorization approach using form factors extracted from the covariant light-front model. We find that factorization works well for Cabibbo-allowed D{sup +{yields}}SP, AP decays free of the weak annihilation contributions (W-exchange or W-annihilation). For the other SP and AP modes, it is necessary to include weak annihilation contributions to account for the data. However, factorization fails for D{yields}TP decays for some unknown reason; the predicted rates are in general too small by at least 2 orders of magnitude compared to experiment. We also examine the finite-width effects of resonances. Some decay modes which are kinematically forbidden become physically allowed due to the finite width of the resonance. We show that the branching fraction of D{sup +{yields}{sigma}{pi}+} extracted from three-body decays is enhanced by a factor of 2, whereas B(D{sup 0{yields}}f{sub 2}(1270)K{sup 0}) is reduced by a factor of 4 by finite-width effects.

Cheng, H.-Y. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China); Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Chiang, C.-W. [Department of Physics and Center for Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan 320 (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China)

2010-04-01