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1

The Politics of Historical Discourse Analysis: A Qualitative Research Method?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the ways in which historical discourse analysis is at once different from and similar to research described as qualitative or quantitative. It discusses the consequences of applying the standards of such methods to historical discourse analysis. It is pointed out that although the merit of research using historical

Johannesson, Ingolfur Asgeir

2010-01-01

2

A historical discourse analysis of the cancerous and non-cancerous body in secondary biology textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation applies the archeological concepts developed by Michel Foucault to a study of thirteen biology textbooks (1993-2004) in order to develop an understanding of 'purchased truths' concerning cancer. This study focuses on the construction of the health/illness dialogue concerning cancer within the textbooks and not the meaning that the individual makes from reading the text; as such this study concerns itself with social truths rather than the search for an individual awareness of names, dates, or places. This study investigates the practices that allow the creation of dialogues that are inserted into a biology textbook and looks at how discursive formations create the 'truth regime' from which the biology textbook is said to speak. Using the Foucaultian themes of 'event', 'emergence', 'enunciation', and 'exteriority' a new reading of topics concerning cancer emerge from biology textbooks. Cancer is a disease that will impact the lives of countless individuals but coverage devoted to the pathology of cancer in secondary biology textbooks is very limited and no study textbook devoted a whole chapter to the discussion of cancer. There is an identified reduction in the number of pages and depth of coverage devoted to cancer in the newer biology texts compared to the older texts. Humans are pictured more than plants or animals in presentations concerning cancer with emphasis being placed on the digitalization of human cells via the scanning electron microscope. When the whole body is presented it is seldom located within the technology of disease diagnosis and treatment but rather is posed for specific social control. Just as each digitized picture of the cancerous cell in the texts is used to create a story so too are the pictures of the whole body in action. Possible story lines offered by the publishing houses concerning the reaction of the body to cancer are shown to intermingle with risk factor analysis to project a sense of Foucaultian 'governmentality' based on assumed control and self regulation by the informed reader. In conclusion a procedure is suggested to further analyze additional textbooks concerning biological/educational issues that have been recast as social problems.

Bowers, Neil Thomas

3

A Call to Arms at the End of History: A Discourse–Historical Analysis of George W. Bush’s Declaration of War on Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we take a discourse–historical approach to illustrate the significance of George W. Bush’s (2001) declaration of a ‘war on terror’. We present four exemplary ‘call to arms’ speeches by Pope Urban II (1095), Queen Elizabeth I (1588), Adolf Hitler (1938) and George W. Bush (2001) to exemplify the structure, function, and historical significance of such texts in

Phil Graham; Thomas Keenan; Anne-Maree Dowd

2004-01-01

4

Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some principles of critical discourse analysis, such as the explicit sociopolitical stance of discourse analysts, and a focus on dominance relations by elite groups and institutions as they are being enacted, legitimated or otherwise reproduced by text and talk. One of the crucial elements of this analysis of the relations between power and discourse is the patterns

Teun A. van Dijk

1993-01-01

5

Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The introduction to discourse analysis is intended specifically to inform second language teachers about aspects of discourse analysis that can be helpful in instruction. It presents the principles seen as relevant to the language teaching context and illustrates them with real spoken and written language data. The first chapter gives a…

McCarthy, Michael

6

Discourse Analysis and the Translator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discourse analysis, as an approach to text, provides the teacher, student, and professional translator with resources for achieving objectivity and for making and justifying translation decisions. It offers a strategy for relating the problems and processes and discourse and the specific concerns to the objectives of the translator. It can be…

Lang, Margaret

7

Discourse and identity in Cultural–Historical Activity Theory: A response  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a response to two of the papers in the collection. In doing so it takes up two issues: the conceptualization and analysis of discourse within Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) and notions of identity and subject positioning within CHAT. Bernstein [(2000). Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity: Theory research critique (revised edition). Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.] and Hasan

Harry Daniels

2007-01-01

8

Intertextuality in Critical Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Operationalizes the concept of intertextuality by using it to analyze sample texts. Certain dimensions of intertextuality are described that have potential for building a framework for discourse analysis: interdiscursivity, textual transformations, and how texts constitute social identities. (Contains 35 references.) (JP)|

Fairclough, Norman

1992-01-01

9

Using discourse analysis to improve extension practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to create awareness of the potential of discourse analysis to be a valuable contribution to agricultural extension. By way of example, it also reports on the discourses about climate change identified as being present in the Tasmanian agricultural community. The paper outlines the theories of discourse analysis and presents the results from interviews with 63 farmers and

Aysha Fleming; Frank Vanclay

10

An Overview of Discourse Analysis and Its Usefulness in TESOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of discourse analysis from a linguistic point of view, discussing why it is relevant to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). It focuses on the following: discourse and discourse analysis; discourse analysis and TESOL; approaches to discourse analysis; systemic functional linguistics; theme and…

Milne, Geraldine Veronica

11

Incomplete Determinism: A Discourse Analysis of Cybernetic Futurology in Early Cyberculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Foucauldian discourse analysis, this paper examines five temporal regularities produced in emergent cyberculture discourse in the immediate post-WWII period in the United States. The construction of entropy as social; the understanding of systemic change in evolutionary terms; the embrace of the present as a revolutionary historical discontinuity; the adoption of a machine standard of condensed time; and the shaping

Sheryl N. Hamilton

1998-01-01

12

Rethinking Analysis of Progressive Discourse in Online Learning: An Activity Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an innovative approach to analyze the progression of dialogue in asynchronous online forums. Although schemes analyzing the content of individual messages exist, they fail to capture the subtle relationships between messages that constitute progressive discourse for knowledge building. We present a group-level discourse analysis based on cultural-historical activity theory that characterizes the unfolding collaborative learning and knowledge

Nobuko Fujita; Clare Brett

13

Critical Discourse Analysis and the Marketization of Public Discourse: The Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out the author's view of discourse analysis and illustrates the approach with an analysis of discursive aspects of marketization of public discourse in contemporary Britain, specifically in higher education. It includes a condensed theoretical account of critical discourse analysis, a framework for analysing discursive events, and a discussion of discursive practices (including their marketization) in late capitalist

Norman Fairclough

1993-01-01

14

Methodology in the Analysis of Classroom Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the ethnography of communication, conversation analysis and systemic functional linguistics as frameworks for the analysis of classroom discourse. Discusses their basic assumptions, some of the similarities and differences between them, and their different strengths and weaknesses as resources for applied linguistic problem solving.…

Roberta, Celia; Rampton, Ben; Leung, Constant; Harris, Roxy

2002-01-01

15

A new model for memory work: nostalgic discourse at a historic home  

Microsoft Academic Search

To make domestic heritage sites useful to their communities, we must acknowledge discourses, define structures and critically examine the interplay of our own and others’ practices of commemoration. How do agendas of remembering and forgetting intersect at historic dwellings? These issues are explored through the Elihu Akin House, a late eighteenth?century house museum in a New England coastal village. Existing

Christina J. Hodge

2011-01-01

16

Heterogeneous knowledge: Trends in German discourse analysis against an international background  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution maps the complex field of discourse analysis in Germany by situating its major currents and putting them in historical perspective. In a first step, it presents the major intellectual sources, such as (post-)structuralism, pragmatism\\/interactionism as well as hermeneutics, which have served as a backdrop for the establishment of discourse analysis as an interdisciplinary field since the 1980s. In

Johannes Angermüller

2011-01-01

17

Greenpeace Greenspeak: A Transcultural Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This cross-cultural discourse analysis examines the construction of environmental issues on Greenpeace web pages in China, Japan and Germany. To uncover the semantic representation of environmental activism on these sites, the authors sought to identify discursive homogeneity and divergence and to bring to light embedded cultural assumptions. The…

Heinz, Bettina; Cheng, Hsin-I; Inuzuka, Ako

2007-01-01

18

Critical Discourse Analysis and Rhetoric and Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past two decades, critical discourse analysis has emerged as a major new multidisciplinary approach to the study of texts and contexts in the public sphere. Developed in Europe, CDA has lately become increasingly popular in North America, where it is proving especially congenial to new directions in rhetoric and composition. This essay…

Huckin, Thomas; Andrus, Jennifer; Clary-Lemon, Jennifer

2012-01-01

19

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

20

Discourse on Discourse. Workshop Reports from the Macquarie Workshop on Discourse Analysis (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, February 21-25, 1983). Occasional Papers Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four group summary papers from an Australian national workshop on discourse analysis discuss verbal and written discourse and the classroom. Papers reflect the four workshop discussion groups of casual conversation, classroom discourse, expository discourse, and literary narrative. They include: "On Casual Conversation" (M. A. K. Halliday and G.…

Hasan, Ruqaiya, Ed.

21

Manufacturing Consent: A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Analysis of New Labour's Educational Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents selected findings from a historical analysis of change in the discursive construction of social identity in UK education policy discourse from 1972-2005. My chief argument is that through its linguistic forms of self-identification the government construes educational roles, relations and responsibilities not only for itself,…

Mulderrig, Jane

2011-01-01

22

Manufacturing Consent: A Corpus-Based Critical Discourse Analysis of New Labour's Educational Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents selected findings from a historical analysis of change in the discursive construction of social identity in UK education policy discourse from 1972-2005. My chief argument is that through its linguistic forms of self-identification the government construes educational roles, relations and responsibilities not only for itself,…

Mulderrig, Jane

2011-01-01

23

Talking Mathematically: An Analysis of Discourse Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discourse has always been at the heart of teaching. In more recent years, the mathematics education community has also turned its attention towards understanding the role of discourse in mathematics teaching and learning. Using earlier classifications of discourse, in this paper, we looked at three types of classrooms: classrooms that engage in…

Imm, Kara; Stylianou, Despina A.

2012-01-01

24

Is Business Discourse Colonizing Philanthropy? A Critical Discourse Analysis of (PRODUCT) RED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, traditional notions of philanthropy are colonized by a market discourse that promotes consumption as an effective\\u000a way to solve social ills, resulting in what scholars have termed “marketized philanthropy.” This paper examines the implications\\u000a of marketized philanthropy through a discourse analysis of the (PRODUCT) RED campaign benefiting the Global Fund to fight\\u000a HIV\\/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis in Africa through

Jessica S. WirgauKathryn; Kathryn Webb Farley; Courtney Jensen

2010-01-01

25

Emotional inhibition: a discourse analysis of disclosure.  

PubMed

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and positive or negative health outcomes. In this article, we use a case study to show how a qualitative discourse analysis has the potential to identify more of the complexity linking the disclosure practices and styles that may be associated with emotional inhibition. This may illuminate the apparent lack of evidence for efficacy of the EDP by enabling more comprehensive theorisations of the variations within it. PMID:21678182

Ellis, Darren; Cromby, John

2011-07-07

26

An Analysis of Discourses of Writing and Writing Instruction in Curricula across Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a deductive content analysis of the grade 6 specific and general objectives in the writing curricula across Canada's 10 provinces and two of its three territories. The analysis uses Ivanic's six discourses of writing and learning to write: skills discourse, creativity discourse, process discourse, genre discourse, social…

Peterson, Shelley Stagg

2012-01-01

27

Self in Career Theory and Counselling: A Discourse Analysis Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rapidly changing postmodern working world demands revised conceptualisations of the self. Recent scholarship in discourse analysis invites an investigation into how selves are constructed and fabricated within a complex matrix of social discourses, and how this may impact on the field of career counselling and development. This paper examines…

Stead, Graham B.; Bakker, Terri M.

2010-01-01

28

A Discourse Analysis of Student Perceptions of Their Communication Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the conclusions of a study of student perceptions of communication competence. Discourse analysis data was collected on students in university systems in six different American states in the East, Midwest, and South. Student discourse was analyzed for differences in the ways in which students described their perceptions of…

Almeida, Eugenie P.

29

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

30

Analysing Children's accounts using discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse analytic approaches to research depart from understandings of the individual and of the relation between language and knowledge pro- vided by positivist and post-positivist approaches. This chapter sets out to show what this might mean for studying children's experiences through, for example, interview-based research, and how a discourse-analytic approach may bring into play conceptual resources that are particularly valuable

Pam Alldred; Erica Burman

2004-01-01

31

Critical discourse analysis and social cognition: evidence from business media discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims at reconciling Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and cognitive linguistics, particularly metaphor research. Although the two disciplines are compatible, efforts to discuss metaphor as a cognitive phenomenon have been scarce in the CDA tradition. By contrast, cognitive metaphor research has recently developed to emphasize the embodied, i.e. neural, origins of metaphor at the expense of its sociodiscursive impact.

Veronika Koller

2005-01-01

32

Critical Discourse Analysis and Composition Studies: A Study of Presidential Discourse and Campus Discord  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, I argue that critical discourse analysis (CDA) can complement and extend existing critical and radical writing pedagogies; CDA provides the theoretical and methodological context that can articulate explicitly the relationship between language practices and politics. I use CDA to analyze texts that circulated on the campus of…

Powell, Pegeen Reichert

2004-01-01

33

A Comparison between Political Claims Analysis and Discourse Network Analysis: The Case of Software Patents in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of policy discourse comprises actor-centered and content-oriented approaches. We attempt to close the gap between the two kinds of approaches by introducing a new methodology for the analysis of political discourse called Discourse Network Analysis. It is based on social network analysis and qualitative content analysis and takes an entirely relational perspective. Political discourse can be analyzed in

Philip Leifeld; Sebastian Haunss

2010-01-01

34

Metaphor Analysis in the Educational Discourse: A Critical Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Metaphor analysis is based on the belief that metaphor is a powerful linguistic device, because it extends and encapsulates knowledge about the familiarity and unfamiliarity. Metaphor analysis has been adopted in the educational discourse. The paper categorizes the previous relevant research into 3: interactions between learners and institutions,…

Zheng, Hong-bo; Song, Wen-juan

2010-01-01

35

The organising vision for telehealth and telecare: discourse analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To (1) map how different stakeholders understand telehealth and telecare technologies and (2) explore the implications for development and implementation of telehealth and telecare services. Design Discourse analysis. Sample 68 publications representing diverse perspectives (academic, policy, service, commercial and lay) on telehealth and telecare plus field notes from 10 knowledge-sharing events. Method Following a familiarisation phase (browsing and informal interviews), we studied a systematic sample of texts in detail. Through repeated close reading, we identified assumptions, metaphors, storylines, scenarios, practices and rhetorical positions. We added successive findings to an emerging picture of the whole. Main findings Telehealth and telecare technologies featured prominently in texts on chronic illness and ageing. There was no coherent organising vision. Rather, four conflicting discourses were evident and engaged only minimally with one another's arguments. Modernist discourse presented a futuristic utopian vision in which assistive technologies, implemented at scale, would enable society to meet its moral obligations to older people by creating a safe ‘smart’ home environment where help was always at hand, while generating efficiency savings. Humanist discourse emphasised the uniqueness and moral worth of the individual and tailoring to personal and family context; it considered that technologies were only sometimes fit for purpose and could create as well as solve problems. Political economy discourse envisaged a techno-economic complex of powerful vested interests driving commodification of healthcare and diversion of public funds into private business. Change management discourse recognised the complicatedness of large-scale technology programmes and emphasised good project management and organisational processes. Conclusion Introduction of telehealth and telecare is hampered because different stakeholders hold different assumptions, values and world views, ‘talk past’ each other and compete for recognition and resources. If investments in these technologies are to bear fruit, more effective inter-stakeholder dialogue must occur to establish an organising vision that better accommodates competing discourses.

Procter, Rob; Wherton, Joe; Sugarhood, Paul; Shaw, Sara

2012-01-01

36

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

37

Why there is no such thing as “critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues that there is no such thing as Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in the sense of a method of political or ideological critique based on the application of conventional linguistic constructs. All of us, as language users and makers, are continuously engaged in the critical examination of and response to communication in our everyday lives. The article argues

Peter E. Jones

2007-01-01

38

A Semiotic Reading and Discourse Analysis of Postmodern Street Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postmodern street art operates under a set of references that requires art educators and researchers to adopt alternative analytical frameworks in order to understand its meanings. In this article, we describe social semiotics, critical discourse analysis, and postmodern street performance as well as the relevance of the former two in interpreting…

Lee, Mimi Miyoung; Chung, Sheng Kuan

2009-01-01

39

Acceptable bias? Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the proposal that corpus linguistics approaches can improve the objectivity of critical discourse analysis research, resulting in a more robust and valid set of findings. Taking a recent project which examined the representation of Islam and Muslims in the British press, corpus-driven procedures identified that Muslims tended to be linked to the concept of extreme belief much

Paul Baker

2012-01-01

40

The study of metaphor as part of critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses how the study of metaphoric and more generally, figurative language use contributes to critical discourse analysis (CDA). It shows how cognitive linguists’ recognition of metaphor as a fundamental means of concept- and argument-building can add to CDA's account of meaning constitution in the social context. It then discusses discrepancies between the early model of conceptual metaphor theory

Andreas Musolff

2012-01-01

41

Manipulating Technology: Discourse Analysis on American Computer Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the discourse analysis on a selection of advertisements from popular Australian computer magazines, the questions about how commercial interests manipulate technology and how it is achieved through the exploitation of people' s desire for power, freedom and self-expression are viewed.

Hongjin He

42

The Learning College Movement: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, 6 key texts from the literature of the learning college movement are examined with the technique of critical discourse analysis. The rhetorical strategies found in the literature are discussed from the standpoint of critical linguistics, and excerpts from the texts are presented as examples of the discursive practices favored by…

Hanson, Chad M.

2007-01-01

43

Theme-oriented discourse analysis of medical encounters  

Microsoft Academic Search

APPROACH Theme-oriented discourse analysis looks at how language constructs professional practice. Recordings of naturally occurring interactions are transcribed and combined with ethnographic know- ledge. Analytic themes drawn primarily from soci- ology and linguistics shed light on how meaning is negotiated in interaction. Detailed features of talk, such as intonation and choice of vocabulary, trigger inferences about what is going on

Celia Roberts; Srikant Sarangi

2005-01-01

44

Researching educational policy and change in ‘new times’: using critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of writers have drawn attention to the increasing importance of language in social life in ‘new times’ and Fairclough has referred to ‘discourse driven’ social change. These conditions have led to an increase in the use of various forms of discourse analysis in policy analysis. This paper explores the possibilities of using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in critical

Sandra Taylor

2004-01-01

45

Discourse analysis: what is it and why is it relevant to family practice?  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to illustrate what discourse analysis is and how it can contribute to our understanding of family practice. Firstly, we describe what ‘discourse analysis’ is, mapping the discourse analysis terrain by discussing four studies relevant to primary care to illustrate different methodological approaches and key concepts. We then address the practicalities of how to actually do discourse analysis, providing readers with a worked example using one particular approach. Thirdly, we touch on some common debates about discursive research. We conclude by advocating that researchers and practitioners take up the challenge of understanding, utilizing and extending the field of discourse studies within family practice.

Bailey, Julia

2009-01-01

46

Critical discourse analysis and inclusive educational policies: the power to exclude  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legislative shift towards an inclusive education policy in Cyprus has allegedly been fragmented and contradictory. The textual hybridity of the ostensibly more inclusive policy documents prevents the realization of an inclusive discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is proposed as an emancipatory research tool that has the potential to destabilize the authoritarian discourses entrenched in educational policy agendas, thereby facilitating

Anastasia Liasidou

2008-01-01

47

Discourse analysis and the impact of the philosophy of Enlightenment in nursing research.  

PubMed

Discourse analysis has been introduced into nursing research as an approach which has the potential to offer new perspectives and to pose new questions to taken-for-granted assumptions. However, critique has arisen that when applied to nursing studies, the epistemological foundation of the discourse analysis is often overlooked. It is furthermore claimed that the methodological inspiration does not lead to any new insights and that these studies can hardly be differentiated from more traditional studies. This study supports this critique, arguing that the challenges of implementing discourse analysis in nursing research reflect a dominant pattern of thought in the discourse of the nursing profession that have held sway throughout the last century. We argue that this pattern of thought stems from the Western philosophy of consciousness and the conception of the sovereign subject. By applying a discourse analytical perspective to the discourse of the nursing profession itself, this study elucidates the challenges of applying discourse analysis in nursing research. PMID:23679133

Beedholm, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Frederiksen, Kirsten

2013-05-17

48

Emotional inhibition: A discourse analysis of disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and

Darren Ellis; John Cromby

2011-01-01

49

Emotional inhibition: A discourse analysis of disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence generated within the emotional disclosure paradigm (EDP) suggests that talking or writing about emotional experiences produces health benefits, but recent meta-analyses have questioned its efficacy. Studies within the EDP typically rely upon a unidimensional and relatively unsophisticated notion of emotional inhibition, and tend to use quantitative forms of content analysis to identify associations between percentages of word types and

Darren Ellis; John Cromby

2012-01-01

50

Discourse Analysis as Part of Translator Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an approach to textual analysis and its application in translator training for university students at advanced level at the Aarhus School of Business (Denmark). The approach emphasizes not only the quality of the product, but also how the process is administered. Hence, it is a process-oriented approach to translation. (Author/VWL)

Trosborg, Anna

2000-01-01

51

Historical Explanation and Rhetorical Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While a critic measures a speech against a number of standards to determine its worth, a historian attempts to explain it in the context of social-institutional activity. After discussing the differences between rhetorical criticism and rhetorical history, this paper distinguishes among various types of historical explanations, illustrates each…

Gronbeck, Bruce E.

52

Historical Fiction as Oppositional Discourse: A Retrieval of Georg Lukács' Popular Front Revival of Walter Scott's Historical Novels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1936–37, during the popular front movement against fascism, the German speaking Hungarian philosopher, Georg Lukács used a version of Marxist class theory deeply rooted a German philosophy—specifically Hegelian politics, ethics and aesthetics—to interpret Walter Scott's historical novels. Lukács also interpreted Hegel as a republican in politics and ethics. In doing so, he paved the way for a republican interpretation

Norman Arthur Fischer

2007-01-01

53

Causal discourse and the teaching of history. How do teachers explain historical causality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we aim to describe how secondary school teachers explain multicausal historical events. To that end, we recorded\\u000a and analyzed seven classes on “The discovery and colonization of America”. The results show that secondary school teachers\\u000a do not simply deal with history as a catalog of actions, characters and dates. On the contrary, historical contents are presented\\u000a as

Manuel Montanero; Manuel Lucero

2011-01-01

54

At Last: "What's Discourse Got to Do with It?" A Meditation on Critical Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lewis explains why critical discourse analysis (CDA) has become an indispensable method for many researchers trying to understand how ideologies and social structures are reflected in and reified by language. The critical linguistic turn that has occurred in the humanities and social sciences for the last three decade has finally taken hold in the…

Lewis, Cynthia

2006-01-01

55

Caring control: methodological issues in a discourse analysis of waterbirth texts.  

PubMed

This paper describes a study where the discourses surrounding waterbirth were identified by an analysis of texts in professional journals and broadsheet newspapers. While one particular discourse, caring control, will be discussed, the focus of the paper is on the method of discourse analysis. What discourse analysis can offer nurses and midwives is a position from which to analyse systematically and to arrive at some understanding of how oppression and inequality of power relations, which are inherent in many forms of health care provision, are created and sustained. PMID:10215983

Redwood, R

1999-04-01

56

The construction of teacher identities in educational policy documents: A critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is a complex eclectic method that has potential to be a valuable tool for critical policy analysis. This article highlights this potential by demonstrating how CDA can be applied to policy texts. That is, it focuses on the processes involved in ‘doing’ critical discourse analysis. In particular, it examines the framework identified by Chouliaraki & Fairclough

Sue Thomas

2005-01-01

57

Discourse: Definitions and contradictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the question “What is ‘discourse?’ “ as the starting point, this paper addresses ways of identifying particular discourses, and attends to how these discourses should be distinguished from texts. The emergence of discourse analysis within psychology, and the continuing influence of linguistic and post?structuralist ideas on practitioners, provide the basis on which discourse?analytic research can be developed fruitfully. This

Ian Parker

1990-01-01

58

Studying Agency in Literacy Teacher Education: A Layered Approach to Positive Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically oriented forms of discourse analysis have focused largely on oppression and injustice. Signaling a new turn in the field, scholars have called for an analytic focus on moments of liberation and agency, referring to this orientation as "positive discourse analysis" (PDA). In this research, we turn our attention to a case study of agency…

Rogers, Rebecca; Wetzel, Melissa Mosley

2013-01-01

59

“GENRE MEANS …”: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF FOURTH GRADE TALK ABOUT GENRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This action research study investigates how genre theory can be integrated into the practice of a writing enrichment program and how the frameworks of Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Analysis can help assess and improve both student learning and teacher practice. A multilayered exploration of teacher-student discourse in an urban public elementary school in the Midwest United States discloses the

Inda Schaenen

2010-01-01

60

So What Does This Show Us? Analysis of the Discourse Marker "So" in Monologic Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of a series of computer science seminars indicates that use of the discourse marker "so" in dialogic talk is not random, rather it plays an important role in orienting the listener to the overall structure of the seminar. Analysis shows how the discourse marker occurs in specific environments, with specific prosodic features, and that…

Rendle-Short, Johanna

2003-01-01

61

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves as…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

62

Reporting on Sino-Japan in The New York Times: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a critical discourse analysis of the news reports on Sino-Japan conflicts in the New York Times from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2006. A critical discourse analysis is made to delineate the contrasting representations of China and Japan, locating some particular discursive strategies that harbor ideological inclinations. Findings indicate that the New York Times portrayed the

Xiaoxiao Chen

2008-01-01

63

Climate Change Discourse in Mass Media: Application of Computer-Assisted Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Content analysis of mass media publications has become a major scientific method used to analyze public discourse on climate change. We propose a computer-assisted content analysis method to extract prevalent themes and analyze discourse changes over an extended period in an objective and quantifiable manner. The method includes the following:…

Kirilenko, Andrei P.; Stepchenkova, Svetlana O.

2012-01-01

64

Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves…

Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

2013-01-01

65

Knowledge Building Discourse Explorer: A Social Network Analysis Application for Knowledge Building Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent studies of learning theories, a new methodology that integrates two prevailing metaphors of learning (acquisition and participation) has been discussed. However, current analytical techniques are insufficient for analyzing how social knowledge develops through learners' discourse and how individual learners contribute to this…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Matsuzawa, Yoshiaki

2012-01-01

66

The British and curriculum development in West Africa: A historical discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

THE BRITISH AND CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN WEST AFRICA: A HISTORICAL STUDY - Only recently have African nations begun to make their way towards establishing genuinely autonomous education systems incorporating elements of indigenous culture. The present study examines the historical development of curriculum in British West Africa in its links with the educational activities of the early Christian missionaries and the imposition of British colonial rule. For over 300 years, the curriculum content was essentially European in nature. African interests and cultural practices were largely excluded, as "bookwork" was favored over "handwork". The colonial curriculum also helped introduce a new social order to West Africa, leading to the rise of new local elites reading, writing, and speaking foreign European languages. This study explores how the idea of a "civilized" person, promoted through the colonial school curriculum, developed new local elites with different sets of values and expectations that often made them strangers in their own societies. It also describes the connection between this curriculum and the repeated failure of education-reform efforts.

Ofori-Attah, Kwabena Dei

2006-09-01

67

Front desk talk: discourse analysis of receptionist-patient interaction  

PubMed Central

Background GP receptionists are the first point of contact with the NHS for most patients and have an important role in facilitating access to healthcare services. There is evidence that they are often perceived as impersonal, insensitive, or officious. Aim To analyse the communicative styles of GP receptionists when dealing with patients. Design of study Ethnographically situated discourse analysis of audio recordings. Setting Three NHS GP surgeries in Scotland. Method Fine-grained transcription and stage-by-stage analysis of digital audio recordings of 283 encounters between receptionists and patients engaged in front desk business. Participants were 16 receptionists and 283 patients. Results Interaction between receptionists and patients consists mainly of verbal routines that are shaped by the administrative tasks completed through them. Receptionists adhere to these established patterns of use at all times, even when dealing with non-routine situations. Within the routine framework, receptionists communicate with patients using styles that display three dominant approaches: task centred, conventionally polite, and rapport building. Receptionists who adopt a task-centred approach use forms with minimal interpersonal content, while those who use conventionally polite forms or those associated with rapport building, give attention to establishing positive relationships with patients. There is no evidence that any stylistic approach is more efficient than another. There is, however, evidence that excessive adherence to routine verbal behaviour has an adverse impact on problem solving. Conclusion Most receptionist discourse consists of the repetition of established verbal routines. Receptionists adopt verbal styles that are predominantly task centred, conventionally polite, or rapport building. Although all three styles enable the completion of reception work with similar levels of efficiency, task-centred styles may appear over-direct. The use of a routine approach when dealing with problematic situations can inhibit and delay their resolution.

Hewitt, Heather; McCloughan, Lucy; McKinstry, Brian

2009-01-01

68

A Discourse Analysis of Master's Theses across Disciplines with a Focus on Introductions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been a growing number of discourse studies in recent years on written academic genres produced by students. However, the master's thesis has not received as much attention as the PhD dissertation. This investigation of master's theses from three disciplines, biology, philosophy and linguistics, employs both discourse analysis and…

Samraj, Betty

2008-01-01

69

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

70

Argumentative Discourse Structure in Chinese and English Writing: A Comparative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To determine formal principles of discourse processing and production, a study reviewed theories in various disciplines related to language and/or thought and thereby rationalized an approach of quantitative matrix analysis to the problems caused by discrepant discourse structures encountered in second language learning. Statistical analyses of…

Chen, Sun-I

71

Intellectual Disabilities, Challenging Behaviour and Referral Texts: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral…

Nunkoosing, Karl; Haydon-Laurelut, Mark

2011-01-01

72

Towards a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of biblical discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A primary concern of accounting is the determination of the financial position or “wealth” of an entity. Using an interpretive methodology adapted from Michel Foucault, this contribution seeks to develop a genealogy of wealth through an analysis of Biblical discourses pertaining to wealth. In particular, the article examines narratives depicting the life of Abraham as these relate to discourses about

C. Richard Baker

2006-01-01

73

Re-constructing Babel: Discourse analysis, hermeneutics and the Interpretive Arc  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the aptness of ‘discourse analysis’ as a label for our field, and prefers the less reductionist concept of ‘Discourse Interpretation’. It does this through drawing on ideas from the field of philosophical hermeneutics – the theory and practice of interpreting texts. It operationalizes and adapts the construct of the Interpretive Arc from the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur

Allan Bell

2011-01-01

74

Iranian University Students' Politics in the Post-Reform Movement Era: A Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the discourse analysis of the statements of the university student organizations in the period between 1996–2006, this paper will address the pros and cons of five approaches to politics in the post-reform movement era based on five discourses among university students in the past decade of Iranian politics and their consequences for reshaping the Iranian polity. This article

Majid Mohammadi

2007-01-01

75

Academic Discussions: An Analysis of Instructional Discourse and an Argument for an Integrative Assessment Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the structure of academic discussions during the implementation of a literacy curriculum in the upper elementary grades. The authors examine the quality of academic discussion, using existing discourse analysis frameworks designed to evaluate varying attributes of classroom discourse. To integrate the overlapping qualities…

Elizabeth, Tracy; Ross Anderson, Trisha L.; Snow, Elana H.; Selman, Robert L.

2012-01-01

76

Intellectual disabilities, challenging behaviour and referral texts: a critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The texts of referrals written by workers in residential services for people with learning difficulties constitute sites where contemporary discourses of intellectual disabilities are being constructed. This paper uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine referrals made to a Community Learning Disability Team (CLDT). The study finds referral forms position the person with intellectual disabilities as a problem to be solved,

Karl Nunkoosing

2011-01-01

77

What We All (Supposedly) Know about the Poor: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Ruby Payne's "Framework"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a professional development text by Ruby Payne that claims to inform teachers about the lives and minds of children from poor households. We use Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 1995; Gee, 2005; Rogers, Malancharuvil-Berkes, & Mosley, 2005) to examine how the author enlists readers' participation in deficit discourses

Dworin, Joel E.; Bomer, Randy

2008-01-01

78

Self-healing forces and concepts of health and disease. A historical discourse.  

PubMed

The phenomenon of self-healing forces has again and again challenged doctors in the different historical periods of medical science. They relied on effects of self-healing forces in diagnosis and therapy. They also tried to explain these effects based on the current model of organism. The understanding of this phenomenon has always influenced the understanding of therapy and played a role in defining the concept of health and disease. In the 17th and 18th century the idea of self-healing force was interpreted as a phenomenon related to the organic forces, whereas in the 19th century the explanation was reduced to a materialistic mechanism. Nowadays the knowledge of heath-shock-proteins open the way of a new understanding of the organic defense mechanisms. PMID:11939425

Lohff, B

2001-01-01

79

Discourse analysis in international development studies: Mapping some contemporary contributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically examines work conducted by discourse analysts working in international development studies (IDS). During the 1990s, a number of authors introduced the study of speech, text and image as new paths toward understanding the causes of underdevelopment. This article highlights the authors who have worked on discourses on development and underdevelopment expressed by national and international governmental agencies

Dimitri della Faille

2011-01-01

80

A Discourse Analysis of Student Perceptions of Their Communication Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discourse regarding student perceptions of their communication competence was collected from students in geographically diverse university systems in the U.S. These student discourses were analyzed for patterns that revealed shared topics, ideas, and values regarding communication competence in a variety of situations. Three characteristics of…

Almeida, Eugenie

2004-01-01

81

An analysis of EU counterterrorism discourse post-September 11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the main characteristics and evolution of European Union counterterrorism discourse, primarily through a comparison with United States counterterrorism discourse since September 11. It argues that while both actors share a great deal in common in the language they employ about terrorism, there are a number of subtle but highly significant differences. The article also argues that there

Richard Jackson

2007-01-01

82

Discourse analysis: Power\\/Knowledge on an academic listserv  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study examines whether an academic listserv functions primarily as a medium for progressive discourse in which enacted power relations are collaborative or primarily as a medium for discourse in which norms are unilaterally established and off-line hierarchical power relations are re-enacted. A few instances of progressive norm setting and other indicators of collaborative power relations were found. However,

Patricia McGee; Felecia Briscoe

2003-01-01

83

Teaching Historical Analysis and Thinking Using the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Historical thinking and historical analysis have become significant themes within the ranks of social studies educators. In this article, the author talks about the importance of teaching historical analysis and historical thinking using the Internet. He presents websites that both explain the two concepts and also provide lesson plans,…

Risinger, C. Frederick

2008-01-01

84

Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA): Interplay of discourses (D/D1) as third grade urban and suburban science students engage in hypothesis formulation and observation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative research project is a comparative analysis of Discourses (D/D1) while focused upon the science processes of hypothesis generation and observation in an urban versus suburban elementary science classroom. D designates the instructional and formal academic science Discourse and D1 represents the students' informal, social or home language D1iscourses. In particular, this research study is a critical discourse analysis that examines how the science processes of hypothesis formulation and observation are constituted through the interplay of classroom Discourses (D/D1) as two third grade science teachers teach the same kit-based, inquiry science lessons with their respective urban and suburban students. The research also considers ethnicity, social class, language, and the central role science teachers play mediating between children's everyday world and the world of science. Communicative approach and distinctive patterns of interaction between the European American teachers and their respective students are analyzed through a critical lens to examine underlying issues of equity and power embedded in the instructional Discourse of science. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) provides both the theoretical framework and analytical lens. The research informs development of linguistic-based "best" practices to contribute toward promoting greater science teacher awareness in creating linguistic environments that support all students' learning science Discourse and to serve as a springboard for future educational science researchers' use of CDA.

Mendoza, Carmen Irene Reyes

85

The Interconnectedness Principle and the Semiotic Analysis of Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large portion of human intellectual and social life is based on the pro- duction, use, and exchange of relevant meanings in verbal discourse. This has endowed the human species with the ability to cope effectively with the crucial aspects of existence - knowing, behaving purposefully, planning, so- cializing, and comm unicating. Cle arly, then, one of the primary tasks

Marcel Danesi

86

Many Lessons from a School: What Classroom Discourse Analysis Reveals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In my talk, I foreground what I and my colleagues have learned about discourse in the numerous classrooms we observed in a four-year research study at an urban high school. While Jefferson High had a student body that was linguistically and culturally diverse, it was homogeneous socioeconomically, being labeled "low income". Some of the research…

Zuengler, Jane

2011-01-01

87

Strategies of TV News Dramatization: An Attempt of Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper defines indicators related to the dramatization of television and formulates a methodology for analyzing the discourse of the television news based on empirical studies. This methodology is used to isolate some indicators of dramatization as it relates to the structure and form of the message. The changes that have affected the text of…

Mancini, Paolo

88

Overt sexuality in advertising: A discourse analysis of gender responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in advertising imagery often involve the use of overt sexuality. Consumer responses to advertisements using a range of sexual explicitness are explored using a discourse analytic approach. The dominant negative themes articulated across sex and age groups concerned the use of sex-role stereotypes and the objectification of women. Dominant positive themes shared by both sexes involved equality in

Richard Elliott; Abigail Jones; Andrew Benfield; Matt Barlow

1995-01-01

89

Negotiating a pathological identity in the clinical dialogue: discourse analysis of a family therapy.  

PubMed

Within the framework of social constructionism, psychotherapy has been re-conceptualized as a semiotic process, which consists of the creative generation of new meanings in the context of collaborative discourse. In recent years, research approaches that draw from social constructionism, such as discourse analysis, have been fruitfully employed in the study of psychotherapy processes, whilst being in line with the contemporary emphasis on language, narrative, and meaning making. This paper aims to further the exploration of the usefulness of discourse analysis in the study of psychotherapy processes, and in particular, in situations where the medical discourse is powerfully implicated in the construction of a person's identity. It is based on the analysis of a family therapy with a family whose child has a diagnosis of autism. The analysis focuses on two features of the family's talk, namely shifts in the flexibility of employment of a diverse range of discourses and subject positions, and shifts in the ways agency is constructed and discursively negotiated in the clinical conversations. It is suggested that these shifts can be used as indications of change in the family's network of meanings. The analysis suggests that an important aspect in clinical work with families with a member with a psychiatric diagnosis lies in decentring, or deconstructing, the dominant, pathology-maintaining accounts, and allowing for a wider range of less problematic narratives and subject positions to emerge. PMID:16354441

Avdi, Evrinomy

2005-12-01

90

Constructing the ‘ideal learner’: a critical discourse analysis of the adult numeracy core curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical discourse analysis of the Adult Numeracy Core Curriculum is used to expose and challenge the underlying assumptions of the Skills for Life strategy, and to examine the way in which the text constructs subject positions for adult numeracy teachers and learners. The analysis finds that presuppositions include the unproblematic transfer of classroom numeracy learning to social practice, and

Helen M. Oughton

2007-01-01

91

Critical Discourse Analysis and the Corpus-Informed Interpretation of Metaphor at the Register Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One aspect of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) involves examining how metaphors in texts, particularly hard news texts (reports of very recent conflicts, crimes, etc.), imply certain values. The usual theoretical basis for such analysis is Lakoff and Johnson (1980). My article shows problems with transplanting Lakoff and Johnson's…

O'Halloran, Kieran

2007-01-01

92

Media Reports of Links between MMR and Autism: A Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper details an analysis of BBC reporting of the proposed links between MMR and autism. The study aimed to identify main issues arising from the media reports into the link between MMR and the development of autism, and how these contribute to common understandings about people with autism. The study employed a form of discourse analysis to…

O'Dell, Lindsay; Brownlow, Charlotte

2005-01-01

93

Prisoners signify: a political discourse analysis of mental illness in a prison control unit.  

PubMed

Increasingly, US prisoners diagnosed with mental illness are housed in control units, the most restrictive form of confinement in the US prison system. This situation has led to intense debate over the legal, ethical and clinical status of mental illness. This is a semiotic struggle with profound effects, yet most related work treats mental illness as a neutral, individual variable. Few analyses locate mental illness within a larger sociopolitical context. Fewer still focus on discursive practice. None critically analyze the accounts of control unit prisoners, who talk about extreme marginality and risk for victimization. This paper has two aims: (i) to develop a systematic method of analysis that accounts for signification as discourse-in-action; and (ii) to show how prisoners' signification of mental illness articulates agency through and against marginalizing discourse. Political discourse analysis demonstrates how control unit prisoners with psychiatric diagnoses signify mental illness, and articulate safer identifications in the process. PMID:17718746

Cloyes, Kristin Gates

2007-09-01

94

Competition and Combative Advertising: An Historical Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This historical study contributes to the research literature on advertising and competition by exploring professional thought and economic theory as explanations for why advertisers might choose to compete in advertising and how combatively. Primary and secondary sources consist of articles published in historic and contemporary advertising trade journals, such as Printers’ Ink and Advertising Age. The findings reveal that during

Fred K. Beard

2011-01-01

95

Qualitative analysis in gay men's health research: comparing thematic, critical discourse, and conversation analysis.  

PubMed

Gay men's health typically relies on traditional forms of qualitative analysis, such as thematic analysis, and would benefit from a diversity of analytic approaches. Such diversity offers public health researchers a breadth of tools to address different kinds of research questions and, thus, substantiate different types of social phenomenon relevant to the health and wellbeing of gay men. In this article, I compare and contrast three qualitative analytic approaches: thematic, critical discourse, and conversation analysis. I demonstrate and distinguish their key analytic assumptions by applying each approach to a single data excerpt taken from a public health interview conducted for a broader study on gay men's health. I engage in a discussion of each approach in relation to three themes: its utility for gay men's health, its approach to dilemmas of voice, and its capacity for reflexivity. I advocate that qualitative researchers should capitalise on the full range of qualitative analytic approaches to achieve the goals of gay men's health. However, I specifically encourage qualitative researchers to engage with conversation analysis, not only because of its capacity to resolve dilemmas of voice and to achieve reflexivity, but also for its ability to capture forms of social life hitherto undocumented through thematic and critical discourse analysis. PMID:22853179

Aguinaldo, Jeffrey P

2012-01-01

96

Writing wrongs? An analysis of published discourses about the use of patient information leaflets.  

PubMed

Much has been written about how to communicate with patients, but there has been little critical scrutiny of this literature. This paper presents an analysis of publications about the use of patient information leaflets. It suggests that two discourses can be distinguished in this literature. The first of these is the larger of the two. It reflects traditional biomedical concerns and it invokes a mechanistic model of communication in which patients are characterised as passive and open to manipulation in the interests of a biomedical agenda. The persistence of the biomedical model in this discourse is contrasted with the second discourse, which is smaller and more recent in origin. This second discourse draws on a political agenda of patient empowerment, and reflects this in its choice of outcomes of interest, its concern with the use of leaflets as a means of democratisation, and its orientation towards patients. It is suggested that the two discourses, though distinct, are not entirely discrete, and may begin to draw closer as they begin to draw on a wider set of resources, including sociological research and theory, to develop a rigorous theoretically grounded approach to patient information leaflets. PMID:11286365

Dixon-Woods, M

2001-05-01

97

The Newfoundland School Society (1830-1840): A Critical Discourse Analysis of Its Religious Education Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the lens of critical discourse analysis to examine the religious education efforts of the Newfoundland School Society (NSS), the main provider of religious education in Newfoundland in the 19th century. Although its focus was initially this colony, the NSS quickly broadened its reach to the whole British empire, making it one of…

English, Leona M.

2012-01-01

98

The Newfoundland School Society (1830-1840): A Critical Discourse Analysis of Its Religious Education Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the lens of critical discourse analysis to examine the religious education efforts of the Newfoundland School Society (NSS), the main provider of religious education in Newfoundland in the 19th century. Although its focus was initially this colony, the NSS quickly broadened its reach to the whole British empire, making it one of…

English, Leona M.

2012-01-01

99

Critical Discourse Analysis and Critical Thinking: An Experimental Study in an EFL Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the impact of critical discourse analysis (CDA) on TEFL students' critical thinking (CT) ability in "Reading Journalistic Texts" classes. In so doing, the study utilized an experimental design with 24 participants in the control group and 29 participants in the experimental group. The results of a pretest indicated…

Hashemi, Mohammad Reza; Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh

2012-01-01

100

Negotiating multiple identities between school and the outside world: a critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines interview talk of three students in an Australian high school to show how they negotiate their young adult identities between school and the outside world. It draws on Bakhtin's concepts of dialogism and heteroglossia to argue that identities are linguistically and corporeally constituted. A critical discourse analysis of segments of transcribed interviews and student-related public documents finds

Mary Ryan; Greer Johnson

2009-01-01

101

Meaning Making through Multiple Modalities in a Biology Classroom: A Multimodal Semiotics Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of science is a complex process, involving the use of multiple modalities. This paper illustrates the potential of a multimodal semiotics discourse analysis framework to illuminate meaning-making possibilities during the teaching of a science concept. A multimodal semiotics analytical framework is developed and used to (1) analyze the…

Jaipal, Kamini

2010-01-01

102

Accreditation and Power: A Discourse Analysis of a New Regime of Governance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article studies discourses within the accreditation of Norwegian higher education conducted by the Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education (NOKUT), using one concrete case (the accreditation of bachelor programs in nursing). Analysis of policy documents and accreditation reports are influenced by two of Foucault's concepts of…

Engebretsen, Eivind; Heggen, Kristin; Eilertsen, Heidi Annett

2012-01-01

103

Use of semantic feature analysis in group discourse treatment for aphasia: Extension and expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a treatment for lexical retrieval impairment in which participants are cued to provide semantic information about concepts they have difficulty naming, in an effort to facilitate accurate lexical retrieval (Boyle, 2004a). Previous work has provided preliminary evidence that persons with aphasia who participated in SFA-focused group aphasia treatment demonstrate improved lexical retrieval in discourse,

Carolyn Falconer; Sharon M. Antonucci

2011-01-01

104

Use of semantic feature analysis in group discourse treatment for aphasia: Extension and expansion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a treatment for lexical retrieval impairment in which participants are cued to provide semantic information about concepts they have difficulty naming, in an effort to facilitate accurate lexical retrieval (Boyle, 2004a). Previous work has provided preliminary evidence that persons with aphasia who participated in SFA-focused group aphasia treatment demonstrate improved lexical retrieval in discourse,

Carolyn Falconer; Sharon M. Antonucci

2012-01-01

105

Naturalizing the Future in Factual Discourse: A Critical Linguistic Analysis of a Projected Event.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the linguistic processes through which a projected effect is constructed within factual discourse. Applies critical linguistic analysis to coverage of the 1990 Gulf War in the "New York Times" and "Washington Post." Expands on work in critical linguistics and demonstrates how political interests underlying newspaper accounts were…

Dunmire, Patricia L.

1997-01-01

106

The Conflict over Origins: A Discourse Analysis of the Creationism Controversy in American Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate about human origins between creationists and biologists is hardly a new one. In its latest cycle, the dispute concerns the status of Intelligent Design and the teaching of evolutionary theory in public schools. The controversy is primarily political, motivated by deeply held feelings about identity. A discourse analysis using network modeling was applied to newspaper coverage of the

Timothy Shortell

2011-01-01

107

Discourse analysis versus philosophic reading of a literary text: The herne's egg, W.B. Yeats  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores a unique poetic narrative from two perspectives: a sociolinguistic point of view within the framework of functional discourse analysis and a literary critique through the prism of Indian philosophic ideas in the text. The research method is based on juxtaposing a social-semiotic interpretation and a literary commentary. Firstly, the article applies the Hallidayan model of the dimensions

Snežana Dabi?

2010-01-01

108

Celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations: discourse analysis of weblogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine celebrity advertising in the case of negative associations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 451 posts were captured permanently from randomly selected weblogs, and analyzed by discourse analysis. The basic emerging themes therein have been isolated and interpreted, and a model of celebrity endorsement in the case of negative information has been

Ulun Akturan

2011-01-01

109

Teacher Education and Development Policies: Critical Discourse Analysis from a Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore teacher education policies in different countries of Latin America and North America through the comparison of policy documents. The training of teachers, a key component of education, faces educational challenges as a result of various reform policies in different countries. Critical discourse analysis

Pini, Monica E.; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.

2008-01-01

110

Reproducing Gender Inequality: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Turkish Adult Literacy Textbook. Research Brief #7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult education curricula such as literacy textbooks present blueprints for living, including different ways of being and relating as men and women. However, educators and scholars seldom consider the underlying assumptions about gender in literacy workbooks, especially in international settings. This study used Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA)…

Gungor, Ramazan; Prins, Esther

2011-01-01

111

An Analysis of Selected Korean Hedges in Spoken Discourse: Sociopragmatic and Pragmalinguistic Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents an empirical analysis of Korean hedges in contemporary spoken discourse. The data analyzed was drawn from my corpus based on approximately 17 hours of unplanned, naturally occurring conversations. This study classified lexical and syntactic hedges in my corpus and investigated the frequency of individual hedge items. It…

Yoon, Yeonhee

2010-01-01

112

Analysing Texts in Context: Current Practices and New Protocols for Critical Discourse Analysis in Organization Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) in organization studies would be strengthened by an increased focus on a central CDA tenet that texts should be analysed in context. Context has, for the most part, been afforded a taken-for-granted status that is misplaced because of the diverse ways in which it may be defined and applied. These generally unacknowledged differences relate to

Shirley Leitch; Ian Palmer

2010-01-01

113

Denial of impending death: a discourse analysis of the palliative care literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terminally ill patients and their families are often referred to as being “in denial” of impending death. This study uses the qualitative method of discourse analysis to investigate the usage of the term “denial” in the contemporary hospice and palliative care literature. A Medline search (1970–2001) was performed combining the text words “deny” and “denial” with the subject headings “terminal

Camilla Zimmermann

2004-01-01

114

Defining and Measuring Parenting for Educational Success: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Parent Education Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Parent Education Profile (PEP) is an instrument used by family literacy programs to rate parents' support for children's literacy development. This article uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine how the PEP constructs the ideal parent, the text's underlying assumptions about parenting and education, and its ideological effects. The…

Prins, Esther; Toso, Blaire Willson

2008-01-01

115

Comparative Critical Discourse Analysis of Student and Teacher Editions of Secondary Christian American Literature Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the comparative application of critical discourse analysis to student and teacher editions of the two most widely used high school American literature textbooks by Christian publishers, examining them through the lens of critical theory. The study examined all parts of the student and teacher editions, excepting literary…

Agiro, Christa Preston

2012-01-01

116

Position of text and discourse analysis in higher education policy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article sets out to address the position of text and discourse analysis in higher education policy research, both from theoretical and methodological points of view. Theoretically, the article presents policy processes as discursive processes, arguing that higher education policies are constructed discursively. Methodologically, the article suggests that when policy documents are used as data, as is often the case

Taina Saarinen

2008-01-01

117

Plural and hybrid environmental values: a discourse analysis of the wind energy conflict in Australia and the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind energy has divided environmentalists. To understand why, disparate groups from Victoria, Australia and the United Kingdom are characterised as discourse coalitions, and their views and arguments are digested into compelling storylines. Drawing on the literature that explains environmental conflicts in terms of contrasting values, a discourse analysis approach is used to identify and define the hybrid and plural values

Brad Jessup

2010-01-01

118

A discourse-based approach to semantic feature analysis for the treatment of aphasic word retrieval failures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Semantic feature analysis (SFA) is a prominent treatment for the word retrieval deficits of aphasia. Generalisation of improved word retrieval on picture naming to discourse production has been an important factor for evaluating the effectiveness of SFA treatment. Unfortunately, generalisation of word retrieval improvements to discourse production following SFA has been modest.Aims: Because of the previous, albeit limited, success

Richard K. Peach; Katherine A. Reuter

2010-01-01

119

Through the Eyes of the Institution: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Decision Making in Two Special Education Meetings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a critical discourse analysis of two Committee on Special Education meetings for one middle school girl. Drawing on 2 years of ethnographic data, the study demonstrates that the second-year meeting was wrought with contradictions. Suggests the need to look to institutional discourses and cases of subjective experiences in order to…

Rogers, Rebecca

2002-01-01

120

A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Real-World Problem in Mathematics: Looking for Signs of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts of "access" and "relevance" feature prominently in the discourse of change in mathematics education in South Africa. One way in which these concepts have been played out in mathematics classrooms is in the use of mathematical problems with real-world contexts. This paper presents a Critical Discourse Analysis of one such problem,…

Le Roux, Kate

2008-01-01

121

Disciplining Leaders: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the ISLLC National Examination and Performance Standards in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Norman Fairclough's discourse analysis, a textual analysis technique, is employed to evaluate a set of national standards for certifying or licensing educational administrators developed by the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC). (PKP)|

Anderson, Gary L.

2001-01-01

122

Analyzing psychotherapy process as intersubjective sensemaking: an approach based on discourse analysis and neural networks.  

PubMed

The authors propose a method for analyzing the psychotherapy process: discourse flow analysis (DFA). DFA is a technique representing the verbal interaction between therapist and patient as a discourse network, aimed at measuring the therapist-patient discourse ability to generate new meanings through time. DFA assumes that the main function of psychotherapy is to produce semiotic novelty. DFA is applied to the verbatim transcript of the psychotherapy. It defines the main meanings active within the therapeutic discourse by means of the combined use of text analysis and statistical techniques. Subsequently, it represents the dynamic interconnections among these meanings in terms of a "discursive network." The dynamic and structural indexes of the discursive network have been shown to provide a valid representation of the patient-therapist communicative flow as well as an estimation of its clinical quality. Finally, a neural network is designed specifically to identify patterns of functioning of the discursive network and to verify the clinical validity of these patterns in terms of their association with specific phases of the psychotherapy process. An application of the DFA to a case of psychotherapy is provided to illustrate the method and the kinds of results it produces. PMID:20665338

Nitti, Mariangela; Ciavolino, Enrico; Salvatore, Sergio; Gennaro, Alessandro

2010-09-01

123

Stability analysis of historic underground quarries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work, carried out at the Department of Civil, Environmental and Territory Engineering and Architecture (DICATeA) of the University of Parma, analyzes the stability conditions of the ancient underground quarries of Viggiù (Varese, Italy). The objective of the study is to verify the actual structural predisposition to instability phenomena of the old Viggiù quarries, within the context of a historical

Anna Maria Ferrero; Andrea Segalini; Gian Paolo Giani

2010-01-01

124

Constructing osteoarthritis through discourse - a qualitative analysis of six patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Background Health service policy in the United Kingdom emphasises the importance of self-care by patients with chronic conditions. Written information for patients about their condition is seen as an important aid to help patients look after themselves. From a discourse analysis perspective written texts such as patient information leaflets do not simply describe the reality of a medical condition and its management but by drawing on some sorts of knowledge and evidence rather than others help construct the reality of that condition. This study explored patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis (OA) to see how OA was constructed and to consider the implications for self-care. Methods Systematic and repeated readings of six patient information leaflets on osteoarthritis to look for similarities and differences across leaflets, contradictions within leaflets and the resources called on to make claims about the nature of OA and its management. Results Biomedical discourse of OA as a joint disease dominated. Only one leaflet included an illness discourse albeit limited, and was also the only one to feature patient experiences of living with OA. The leaflets had different views on the causes of OA including the role of lifestyle and ageing. Most emphasised patient responsibility for preventing the progression of OA. Advice about changing behaviour such as diet and exercise was not grounded in lived experience. There were inconsistent messages about using painkillers, exercise and the need to involve professionals when making changes to lifestyle. Conclusion The nature of the discourse impacted on how OA and the respective roles of patients and professionals were depicted. Limited discourse on illness meant that the complexity of living with OA and its consequences was underestimated. Written information needs to shift from joint biology to helping patients live with osteoarthritis. Written information should incorporate patient experience and value it alongside biomedical knowledge.

Grime, Janet C; Ong, Bie Nio

2007-01-01

125

Defining and Defending ‘Unhealthy’ PracticesA Discourse Analysis of Chocolate ‘Addicts” Accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary ideals of health and nutrition conspire to render the consumption of chocolate and similar snacks problematic. Individuals who self-define as ‘chocoholics’ therefore present an ideal opportunity to investigate how ostensibly unhealthy acts are defined, defended and maintained within a health-conscious climate. This article reports on an interview-based study with five self-professed chocoholics. A Foucauldian form of discourse analysis was

Rebecca Benford; Brendan Gough

2006-01-01

126

Marketing Senegal through hip-hop – a discourse analysis of Akon's music and lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to highlight hip-hop's contribution to the entrepreneurship and place marketing literature. Hip-hop is taken from the lens of an individual artist, Akon, whose music and lyrics – a “hybrid of silky, West African-styled vocals mixed with North America's East Coast and Southern beats” – provides fresh insights for place marketers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A “discourse analysis

Nnamdi O. Madichie

2011-01-01

127

A Discourse Analysis of Elite American Newspaper Editorials: The Case of Iran’s Nuclear Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employs Said’s concept of Orientalism and van Dijk’s concept of the ideological square to analyze three elite American newspapers’ editorial coverage of Iran’s nuclear program. A critical discourse analysis of The New York Times, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal editorials from 1984 to 2004 identified six Orientalist themes. The study finds that The Wall Street

Foad Izadi; Hakimeh Saghaye-Biria

2007-01-01

128

Writing civilisation: the historical novel in the Colombian national project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis of four selected Colombian historical novels of the nineteenth-century explores textual modes of self-fashioning in the process of nation building (individual and collective fashioning). To do this a methodology has been employed which entwines literary, political history and cultural studies. Based mainly on textual discourse analysis, it includes applications of literary theory (the role of the historical novel,

Marta Jimena Cabrera

2004-01-01

129

Structural Analysis of Masonry Historical Constructions. Classical and Advanced Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of methods applicable to the study of masonry historical construction, encompassing both classical and advanced ones,\\u000a is presented. Firstly, the paper offers a discussion on the main challenges posed by historical structures and the desirable\\u000a conditions that approaches oriented to the modeling and analysis of this type of structures should accomplish. Secondly, the\\u000a main available methods which are

Pere Roca; Miguel Cervera; Giuseppe Gariup; Luca Pela’

2010-01-01

130

Industrial relations reform and the occupational transition of Australian workers: a critical discourse analysis.  

PubMed

The 2005 WorkChoices legislation delivered a significant diminution of Australian workers' rights in the form of choice and control over numerous aspects of working life. WorkChoices extended previous neoliberal reforms and consolidated the negative impacts of those reforms on marginalized groups of workers, especially those in precarious employment. This paper reports on the findings of an occupational science-based, critical discourse analysis of a government newspaper advertisement that promotes the reforms. The construction of a WorkChoices discourse, one that was based on and sought to extend neoliberal hegemony, is identified by exploring the ways that particular ideas are presented as natural and mutually beneficial and, in response, the development of a counter-hegemonic argument, based on occupational justice theory, is discussed. The broader application of critical social research is also recommended in extending the occupational justice paradigm. PMID:19478412

Lo Bartolo, Luciano; Sheahan, Marie

2009-01-01

131

Retrospective Analysis of Communication Events - Understanding the Dynamics of Collaborative Multi-Party Discourse  

SciTech Connect

This research is aimed at understanding the dynamics of collaborative multi-party discourse across multiple communication modalities. Before we can truly make sig-nificant strides in devising collaborative communication systems, there is a need to understand how typical users utilize com-putationally supported communications mechanisms such as email, instant mes-saging, video conferencing, chat rooms, etc., both singularly and in conjunction with traditional means of communication such as face-to-face meetings, telephone calls and postal mail. Attempting to un-derstand an individual’s communications profile with access to only a single modal-ity is challenging at best and often futile. Here, we discuss the development of RACE – Retrospective Analysis of Com-munications Events – a test-bed prototype to investigate issues relating to multi-modal multi-party discourse.

Cowell, Andrew J.; Haack, Jereme N.; McColgin, Dave W.

2006-06-08

132

Managing victim status in group therapy for men: a discourse analysis.  

PubMed

In contrast to the abundance of research on women victims, this article sheds light on the discourse of men who are self-identified as victims of their female partners' abuse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the most salient identity constructions and abuse conceptualizations among participants of group psychotherapy for men who have been abused in intimate, heterosexual partner relationships (i.e., Calgary Counselling Centre's 14-week group program titled "A Turn for the Better"). The men's identity work was examined using the methods and theoretical perspective of discourse analysis. Analysis of the talk demonstrated that the group agenda was to work through the ambiguity of abuse in the service of having the men identify themselves as victims. Thus, both the men and the group facilitators actively constructed "true victim" subject positions through their resistance to commonsense orientations of (a) "men as perpetrators" and (b) whether abuse consisted of more than physical violence. The therapeutic language of resistance was a common strategy used to manage victim status but also required further negotiation as it entailed a component of abuse (i.e., risked positioning the men as abusers rather than victims). The discussion focuses on how these findings may differ from the identity work present in women victim therapeutic groups. In addition, we note that it is difficult to uphold the victim-versus-perpetrator dichotomy in therapeutic discourse. PMID:21282127

Zverina, Michaela; Stam, Henderikus J; Babins-Wagner, Robbie

2011-01-30

133

Examining Bilingual Children's Gender Ideologies through Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study of young bilingual students' discussions of literature in a second-grade Spanish/English bilingual classroom in the US. Sociocultural, critical, and Chicana feminist perspectives informed an analysis of the ways the children worked at understanding, marking, and resisting gender boundaries. This critical…

Martinez-Roldan, Carmen M.

2005-01-01

134

Unity and Detachment: A Discourse Analysis of Doctoral Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors report on an approach that they used to enhance their understanding of the complex nature of doctoral supervision by analyzing e-mail communication within a supervisory relationship. Although some scholars have discussed research supervision, empirical research on the subject is limited, and the authors found no published attempts to explore doctoral supervision through the analysis of

Fiona Irvine

135

Using narrative and discourse analysis in researching co?principalships  

Microsoft Academic Search

After completing a longitudinal study of co?principal shared leadership initiatives in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand, the author discusses some of the issues raised by her research design and methods. First, she explains the storying techniques she used to construct case narratives of each initiative. While these accounts drew largely on the participants’ own words, she shows how her own narrative analysis shaped

Marian Court

2004-01-01

136

Comparative Historical Analysis, Frank Wright, and Northern Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Northern Ireland: A Comparative Analysis (F. Wright, 1987, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan) remains the most significant work of comparative historical analysis written on Ireland, yet its reputed difficulty has blunted its impact. This article reconstructs Frank Wright's research design and comparative method and situates the book in the research tradition of configurative macroanalysis pioneered by Barrington Moore. Wright's detailed, processual,

Niall Ó Murchú

2011-01-01

137

Dean of Women at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Story Left Untold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a paucity of historical discourse on the distinct contributions of African American women serving as deans of women at historically Black colleges and universities. Using historical research and the case study approach, the analysis focused on three deans of women: Lucy Diggs Slowe--Howard University, Owena Hunter Davis--Johnson C. Smith…

Herdlein, Richard; Cali, Christine Frezza; Dina, Joanne

2008-01-01

138

[The application of event history analysis to historical demographic studies].  

PubMed

The authors describe some statistical methods used in event history analysis, and some possible applications to historical demographic data. An example is given using data on neonatal mortality in Venice from 1850 to 1868. Several relevant statistical packages are briefly described. PMID:12348621

Lagazio, C; Pagani, L

1996-01-01

139

A Historical Analysis of an Adult Education Institution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a historical analysis of an adult education institu tion, the American Institute of Sacred Literature. An attempt is made to determine those factors which led to the establishment, growth, development, decline and death of the Institute. The writer also examines the nature and extent of the Institute's at tachment to other agencies (i.e., through finances, personnel, clien

Kenneth N. Beck

1969-01-01

140

The Path to European IntegrationA Historical Institutionalist Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observers of the European Community have criticized “intergovernmentalist” accounts for exaggerating the extent of member-state control over European integration. This article grounds these criticisms in a historical institutionalist analysis, stressing the need to study European integration as a process that unfolds over time. Losses of control result not only from the autonomous actions of supranational organizations, but from member-state preoccupation

PAUL PIERSON

1996-01-01

141

HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS: A DOCUMENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF HISTORICAL DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The ultimate goal of this study was the prevention of hazardous material spills through application of research effort. The immediate objective was to provide guidance for the choice of research priorities for spill prevention through documentation and analysis of historical inci...

142

American Catholic nursing. An historical analysis.  

PubMed

This study analyzes the nursing activities of religious sister nurses as spiritual agents of care during wartime, in railroad and mining centers, and in cities in the United States in the 19th century. This is a story about the workings of religion, gender, social class, ethnicity, and nursing. The sisters' work demonstrates how an analysis of professional nursing is incomplete without an understanding of the roles that a number of Catholic religious women took in reaching out to both Catholics and non-Catholics in the United States. PMID:23802345

Wall, Barbra Mann

2012-01-01

143

Accounting for Accountability: A Discourse Analysis of Psychiatric Nurses' Experience of a Patient Suicide  

PubMed Central

Whilst the experience of a patient suicide is likely to have a significant impact upon the nurses who had been providing care, little work has actually explored this experience in any depth. In this article we explore how two psychiatric nurses construct and orient to accountability when talking of their experiences of a patient suicide. Discourse analysis was used to explore particular phases that the nurses oriented to in their accounts: scene setting; risk assessment; attributing for the suicide. Findings highlight the different, sometimes contradictory, ways the nurses attended to interactional concerns relating to implicit accountability and potential inferences of blame. Analysis of the nurses’ talk can make a valuable contribution to understanding the nature and the impact of ‘accountability’ in a mental health setting and so help nurses and other professionals gain an insight into their practice. The results from this study suggest that as a consequence of internalising fundamentally unrealisable expectations regarding suicide prevention, nurses can hold themselves to blame raising significant concerns around their needs in terms of support, which may not be recognised. This paper also makes a valuable contribution to our methodological understanding and the value of using discourse analysis in this setting.

Robertson, Maggie; Paterson, Brodie; Lauder, Billy; Fenton, Rosemary; Gavin, John

2010-01-01

144

Discourse-centric learning analytics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on sociocultural discourse analysis and argumentation theory, we motivate a focus on learners' discourse as a promising site for identifying patterns of activity which correspond to meaningful learning and knowledge construction. However, software platforms must gain access to qualitative information about the rhetorical dimensions to discourse contributions to enable such analytics. This is difficult to extract from naturally occurring

Anna De Liddo; Simon Buckingham Shum; Ivana Quinto; Michelle Bachler; Lorella Cannavacciuolo

2011-01-01

145

Public relations and strategic issues management challenges in Venezuela: A discourse analysis of Crystallex International Corporation in Las Cristinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation, using critical discourse analysis (CDA), seeks to develop an understanding of strategic issues management through Crystallex International Corporation’s discursive construction and management of legitimacy in the Las Cristinas mine in Venezuela. This analysis of the Las Cristinas case unearths elements that could provide useful insights about the Latin American environment in general and public relations efforts in that

Karina Peñaloza de Brooks; Damion Waymer

2009-01-01

146

Representing protection action in an ecotourism setting: a critical discourse analysis of visitors' books at a Greek reserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a protection scheme is central to ecotourism. Drawing upon the theoretical framework of critical discourse analysis, the present study accounts for the way protection action is represented in visitors' books at a Greek reserve (Dadia forest). Specifically, proceeding to content analysis and considering a wide range of linguistic features (vocabulary, syntax, ergativity, aspect, and temporal and illocutionary

Anastasia G. Stamou; Stephanos Paraskevopoulos

2008-01-01

147

The Value of Historical Data in Flood Frequency Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A common problem in flood frequency analysis is estimation, from a short gauged record, of the flood corresponding to a return period of 50–1000 years. One would expect that an estimate of the historical maximum event; i.e., the maximum flood in a period of perhaps 100–200 years, would, if properly included in the estimation procedure, improve the resulting estimate of

J. R. M. Hosking; J. R. Wallis

1986-01-01

148

How nurses understand and care for older people with delirium in the acute hospital: a Critical Discourse Analysis.  

PubMed

Delirium is a common presentation of deteriorating health in older people. It is potentially deleterious in terms of patient experience and clinical outcomes. Much of what is known about delirium is through positivist research, which forms the evidence base for disease-based classification systems and clinical guidelines. There is little systematic study of nurses' day-to-day practice of nursing patients with delirium. The aim was to uncover the kinds of knowledge that informs nurses' care and to explicate the basis of that knowledge. Critical Discourse Analysis is underpinned by the premise that powerful interests within society mediate how social practices are constructed. Links were made between the grammatical and lexical features of nurses' language about care in interviews and naturalistic settings, and the healthcare context. Care focused on the continuous surveillance of patients with delirium by nurses themselves or vicariously through other patients, and containment. Nurses influenced by major discourses of risk reduction and safety, constructed patients with delirium as risk objects. The philosophy of person-centred and dignified care advocated in nursing literature and government policy is an emerging discourse, though little evident in the data. The current dominant discourses on safety must give space to discourses of dignity and compassion. PMID:22530864

Schofield, Irene; Tolson, Debbie; Fleming, Valerie

2011-07-12

149

One Step Forward, or Two Steps Back? Diversity Management And Gender In Organizational Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a beginning analysis of the diversity management discourse that has emerged over the past fifteen years (approximately). Using an approach based on Foucaldian historical analysis, it begins by asking how it is possible that this discourse emerged; what conditions supported its emergence and what forms has it taken? Origins of the discourse are in the perceived need

Gloria E. Miller; Julie I. A. Rowney

150

Constructing Teaching and Research Relations from the Top: An Analysis of Senior Manager Discourses on Research-Led Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To show how research and teaching, core academic activities are discursively shaped through policy discussion we critically identify and examine the institutional effects of senior academics' discourses on research-led teaching. The analysis sheds light on the interrelationship between university policy and the powerful and productive effects of…

Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2012-01-01

151

The framing of Calvin Klein: A frame analysis of media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans advertising campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the media discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein jeans campaign which media critics characterized as “kiddie porn.” Though media placement of the campaign was limited, mainstream media reports of the nascent controversy surrounding the campaign brought it into the national spotlight. A frame analysis is used to deconstruct the kiddie?porn media frame which the industry and

Lauren R. Tucker

1998-01-01

152

Understanding the new management ideology: a transdisciplinary contribution from critical discourse analysis and new sociology of capitalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim in this article is to explore how one might approach the language of new capitalism working in a transdisciplinary way, bringing together new sociology of capitalism (Chiapello) and critical discourse analysis (Fairclough). We focus upon `new management ideology', and in particular on a recent book by a highly influential management `guru' (Rosabeth Moss Kanter). The article begins with

Eve Chiapello; Norman Fairclough

2002-01-01

153

Islamists in the Headlines: Critical Discourse Analysis of the Representation of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egyptian Newspapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how Islamists are socially, discursively and linguistically represented in the Egyptian newspaper "al-Ahram." The main question of this study is what would the Egyptian government do to halt the Brothers' political growth and potential threat? To answer this question, the study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to examine…

Pasha, Talaat

2011-01-01

154

Historical representations of aboriginal people in the Canadian news media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding historical news discourse on aboriginal issues is a first step towards situating aboriginal policy matters within a contemporary socio-political context. Using methods of critical discourse analysis, selected newspaper coverage of four ‘flashpoints’ in the history of aboriginal-non-aboriginal relations in Canada is examined. In addition to drawing contrasts between mid-19th and late-20th-century representations of aboriginal people in the media, some

Robert Harding

2006-01-01

155

Established and recent policy arrangements for river management in The Netherlands: an analysis of discourses  

Microsoft Academic Search

After water levels in The Netherlands reached a near-critical level in 1995, a new discourse for managing the lower Rhine basin was introduced into debates about river management. This discourse, called `Room for the river¿, introduces a new management strategy in which the river is given more room (i.e. land adjacent to the main course of the river is made

Irene Immink

2005-01-01

156

Discourse Analysis and the Testing of Reading Comprehension by Cloze Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The discourse cloze, an alternative cloze procedure, is described. It is argued that in the regular cloze procedure many of the words can be supplied from the "micro" context, and thus the regular cloze is not necessarily a test of reading comprehension on the "macro" level. In the discourse cloze approach, all words deleted from a passage of…

Levenston, E.A.; And Others

157

Historical analysis of a near disaster: Anopheles gambiae in Brazil.  

PubMed

Attributed to human-mediated dispersal, a species of the Anopheles gambiae complex invaded northeastern Brazil in 1930. This event is considered unique among the intercontinental introductions of disease vectors and the most serious one: "Few threats to the future health of the Americas have equalled that inherent in the invasion of Brazil, in 1930, by Anopheles gambiae." Because it was only in the 1960s that An. gambiae was recognized as a species complex now including seven species, the precise species identity of the Brazilian invader remains a mystery. Here we used historical DNA analysis of museum specimens, collected at the time of invasion from Brazil, and aimed at the identification of the Brazilian invader. Our results identify the arid-adapted Anopheles arabiensis as being the actual invading species. Establishing the identity of the species, in addition to being of intrinsic historical interest, can inform future threats of this sort especially in a changing environment. Furthermore, these results highlight the potential danger of human-mediated range expansions of insect disease vectors and the importance of museum collections in retrieving historical information. PMID:18187802

Parmakelis, Aristeidis; Russello, Michael A; Caccone, Adalgisa; Marcondes, Carlos Brisola; Costa, Jane; Forattini, Oswaldo P; Sallum, Maria Anice Mureb; Wilkerson, Richard C; Powell, Jeffrey R

2008-01-01

158

Expanding discourse repertoires with hybridity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In "Hybrid discourse practice and science learning" Kamberelis and Wehunt present a theoretically rich argument about the potential of hybrid discourses for science learning. These discourses draw from different forms of "talk, social practice, and material practices" to create interactions that are "intertextually complex" and "interactionally dynamic." The hybrid discourse practices are described as involving the dynamic interplay of at least three key elements: "the lamination of multiple cultural frames, the shifting relations between people and their discourse, and the shifting power relations between and among people." Each of these elements requires a respective unit of analysis and are often mutually reinforcing. The authors present a theoretically cogent argument for the study of hybrid discourse practices and identify the potential such discourses may have for science education. This theoretical development leads to an analysis of spoken and written discourse around a set of educational events concerning the investigation of owl pellets by two fifth grade students, their classmates, and teacher. Two discourse segments are presented and analyzed by the authors in detail. The first is a discourse analysis of the dissection of the owl pellet by two students, Kyle and Max. The second analysis examines the science report of these same two students. In this article, I pose a number of questions about the study with the hope that by doing so I expand the conversation around the insightful analysis presented.

Kelly, Gregory J.

2012-09-01

159

Non-destructive compositional analysis of historic organ reed pipes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to be able to reproduce historic organ reed pipes, a bulk non-destructive chemical composition analysis was performed on the tongues and shallots, focusing mainly on the ratio between copper and zinc and on the presence of lead. Prompt gamma activation analysis results allowed us to observe for the first time that the ratio between the two main components of the brass alloy changed from Cu:Zn = 3:1 for the old tongues and shallots to Cu:Zn = 2:1 around the middle of the 18th century, which is typical also for the modern alloys offered to the organ builders nowadays. We also discovered that the Pb content in the old historic brass alloy diminished until the middle of 18th century when the brass alloy became mainly Pb free. The non-uniform lead distribution inside one of the shallots obtained from a prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) experiment was studied by neutron tomography. It gave us a three-dimensonal (3D) distribution of the lead inclusions inside the shallots. The lead particles are concentrated towards the base of the shallot.

Manescu, A.; Fiori, F.; Giuliani, A.; Kardjilov, N.; Kasztovszky, Z.; Rustichelli, F.; Straumal, B.

2008-03-01

160

Mapping Mathematics in Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a particular analytic method from systemic functional linguistics, "thematic analysis," which reveals the mathematical meaning potentials construed in discourse. Addressing concerns that discourse analysis is too often content-free, thematic analysis provides a way to represent semantic structures of mathematical content,…

Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth A.; Otten, Samuel

2011-01-01

161

Analysis of narrative discourse structure as an ecologically relevant measure of executive function in adults.  

PubMed

This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were elicited under two conditions and narrative structure was analyzed for the presence of organizing story grammar elements. Narrative structure was significantly correlated with age as well as linguistic and non-linguistic measures of EF. Factor analysis of story structure and EF variables yielded two factors reflecting constructs of output-fluidity and organizational-efficiency. These data suggest that narrative structure and EF represent aspects of goal-directed knowledge that are not bound by a traditional linguistic and non-linguistic division. Thus, narrative structure may represent a global and ecologically valid measure of goal-directed executive function knowledge that is also sensitive to changes associated with typical aging. PMID:23192423

Cannizzaro, Michael S; Coelho, Carl A

2013-12-01

162

Plan Recognition and Discourse Analysis: An Integrated Approach for Understanding Dialogues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One promising computational approach to understanding dialogues has involved modeling the goals of the speakers in the domain of discourse. In general, these models work well as long as the topic follows the goal structure closely, but they have difficult...

D. J. Litman

1985-01-01

163

Changing Policy Discourses: Constructing Literacy Inequalities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the ways in which policy discourses have constructed rationales for addressing adult literacy over the last 50 years. In particular, we examine how policy positions the literacy learner as citizen within discourses of rights and equity. Taking the case of the UK, we compare two key documents produced at different historical

Hamilton, Mary; Pitt, Kathy

2011-01-01

164

General practitioners' perspectives of education and collaboration with physiotherapists in Primary Health Care: a discourse analysis.  

PubMed

This paper explores the educational factors that underlie the poor collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in Primary Health Care (PHC), from the GP's perspective. This study was conducted in Majorca, the Balearic Islands (Spain). Participants were nine GPs who graduated from different universities in mainland Spain. A discourse analysis study was developed employing the social-critical paradigm as theoretical framework and in-depth interviews for data collection. The perceived lack of knowledge about physiotherapy was considered by the interviewees as a major factor in the current poor communication between GPs and PTs. The individual learning during medical studies and poor interprofessional learning during clinical residency influenced their gatekeeper role, putting at risk the equity of the health system. Collaboration was considered beneficial for patients but challenging to improve in context due to multiple factors ranging from individual to systemic. The latter encompasses inadequate resources and organization for interprofessional learning. There is a need to further explore other factors influencing the poor collaboration, including PTs' views on this process. PMID:23627805

Paz-Lourido, Berta; Kuisma, Raija M E

2013-05-01

165

'I just want to be normal': An analysis of discourses of normality among recovering heroin users.  

PubMed

Research that has explored the lives of men and women recovering from heroin addiction has reported that users often claim that they 'just want to be normal'. Working within a Foucauldian tradition, we argue in this article that the notions of 'governmentality' and the 'norm' are especially apposite to understanding the ubiquity of this aspiration. Here we focus not on the formal institutions of governance that encourage individuals to adhere to social, cultural and political norms, but rather seek to explore recovering users' accounts of normality as they are envisaged and expressed. The reported empirical data were generated from interviews with 40 men and women in England at various stages of recovery from heroin use. The analytic focus is upon the accounts of normality articulated during the interviews in order to identify the ways in which being normal is presented by the participants. In keeping with the methodological tradition of discourse analysis we identify six discursive repertoires of 'normality talk' that transcend the accounts. It is concluded that the negotiation of normality is a precarious route for this social group. Articulations of a desire to be normal are replete with tensions; there are expressions of both resistance and resignation. Despite claims by some contemporary social theorists that diversity is the 'new normality', the accepted bounds of 'difference' are limited for those who have been addicted to heroin. PMID:22763795

Nettleton, Sarah; Neale, Joanne; Pickering, Lucy

2012-07-04

166

Dose-response analysis for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: an historical perspective  

SciTech Connect

Historical review of 118 patients with nasopharyngeal cancer treated in our institution from 1950--1978 showed a 20% improvement in tumor control for patients irradiated during the most recent period (1974--1978). This improvement was attributed to prescription of higher doses of radiation as well as improvements in technical accuracy and dose delivery to the tumor during that period. Rates of severe and mild complications were comparable and survival was not significantly altered over time despite improved tumor control. Within the range of doses delivered, there was no improvement in tumor control with increasing doses of radiation for small or large nasopharyngeal carcinomas. The dose-response analysis for tumor control was less than ideal because a number of prerequisites were lacking and because the study extended over a 28-year span during which there were significant changes in technology and physician orientation.

Marks, J.E.; Bedwinek, J.M.; Lee, F.; Purdy, J.A.; Perez, C.A.

1982-09-15

167

Data Analysis: Statistical Analysis and Use of Historical Control Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Survival-adjusted methods for the statistical analysis of tumor data from long-term rodent carcinogenicity studies are described. Although most of these methods require knowledge of whether individual tumors are \\

J. K. Haseman

1995-01-01

168

Finding Inquiry in Discourses of Audit and Reform in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we examine the discourses of Primary school numeracy coordinators responsible for auditing, monitoring and supporting their colleagues in relation to the introduction and embedding of the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) in the UK. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) focuses our analysis on the contradictory coupling of…

Williams, Julian; Corbin, Brian; McNamara, Olwen

2007-01-01

169

Dispatches from the discourse of violence: Negotiations of personal and public rhetoric  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores rhetoric as the central force in the discourse of violence represented by war narrative. The project represents an alliance of qualitative rhetorical research, cultural and historical analysis, and academic innovation that locates civic responsibility in reading conflict. Focusing specifically on public versus private narratives, this study looks at coercion, identification, and contention within distinct language events associated

Laurette Casey Alkidas

1999-01-01

170

Reproducing social inequality and unequal treatment in the National Health Information Infrastructure: a discourse analysis of Institute of Medicine executive summaries.  

PubMed

This research analyzes how discourse constituting the currently proposed National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) may reproduce existing social inequality in healthcare. Textually oriented critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics methods compare 3 executive summaries from the Institute of Medicine reports: the Quality Chasm and Insuring Health series, and the stand-alone report Unequal Treatment. These methods proved effective in studying the social action of language used in those summaries and will be useful in studying a larger corpus of discourse constituting the NHII. Further research will provide information to prevent or mitigate the reproduction of social inequality in healthcare through the proposed NHII. PMID:19707088

Trigg, Lisa J

171

Teaching ethics in engineering education through historical analysis.  

PubMed

The goal of this paper is to stress the significance of ethics for engineering education and to illustrate how it can be brought into the mainstream of higher education in a natural way that is integrated with the teaching objectives of enriching the core meaning of engineering. Everyone will agree that the practicing engineer should be virtuous, should be a good colleague, and should use professional understanding for the common good. But these injunctions to virtue do not reach closely enough the ethic of the engineer as engineer, as someone acting in a uniquely engineering situation, and it is to such conditions that I wish to speak through a set of specific examples from recent history. I shall briefly refer to four controversies between engineers. Then, in some detail I shall narrate three historical cases that directly involve the actions of one engineer, and finally I would like to address some common contemporary issues. The first section, Engineering Ethics and the History of Innovation, includes four cases involving professional controversy. Each controversy sets two people against each other in disputes over who invented the telegraph, the radio, the automobile, and the airplane. In each dispute, it is possible to identify ethical and unethical behavior or ambiguous ethical behavior that serves as a basis for educational discussion. The first two historical cases described in "Crises and the Engineer" involve the primary closure dam systems in The Netherlands, each one the result of the actions of one engineer. The third tells of an American engineer who took his political boss, a big city mayor, to court over the illegal use of a watershed. The challenges these engineers faced required, in the deepest sense, a commitment to ethical behavior that is unique to engineering and instructive to our students. Finally, the cases in "Professors and Comparative Critical Analysis" illuminate the behavior of engineers in the design of structures and also how professors can make public criticisms of designs that seem wasteful. PMID:16609709

Billington, David P

2006-04-01

172

Producing children in the 21st century: A critical discourse analysis of the science and techniques of monitoring early child development.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify the implications of commonly held ideologies within theories of child development. Despite critiques to doing so, developmental theory assumes that children's bodies are unitary, natural and material. The recent explosion of neuroscience illustrates the significance of historical, social and cultural contexts to portrayals of brain development, offering the opportunity for a critical departure in thinking. Instead, this neuroscience research has been taken up in ways that align with biomedical traditions and neoliberal values. This article uses a critical discursive approach, supported by Haraway's ideas of technoscience, to analyse a population-based early child development research initiative. This initiative organises a large-scale surveillance of children's development, operating from the premise that risks to development are best captured early to optimise children's potential. The analysis in this article shows an intermingling of health and economic discourses and clarifies how the child is a figure of significant contemporary social and political interests. In a poignant example of technobiopolitics, the collusion between health research, technologies and the state enrols health professionals to participate in the production of children as subjects of social value, figured as human capital, investments in the future, or alternatively, as waste. The analysis shows how practices that participate in what has become a developmental enterprise also participate in the marginalisation of the very children they intend to serve. Hence, there is the need to rethink practices critically and move towards innovative conceptualisations of child development that hold possibilities to resist these figurations. PMID:23345326

Einboden, Rochelle; Rudge, Trudy; Varcoe, Colleen

2013-01-22

173

Discourse and manipulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Manipulation’ is one of the crucial notions of Critical Discourse Analysis that require further theoretical analysis. This article offers a triangulated approach to manipulation as a form of social power abuse, cognitive mind control and discursive interaction. Socially, manipulation is defined as illegitimate domination confirming social inequality. Cognitively, manipulation as mind control involves the interference with processes of understanding, the

Teun A. VanDijk

2006-01-01

174

Ideological collocation and the recontexualization of Wahhabi-Saudi Islam post-9\\/11: A synergy of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes what is termed a ‘methodological synergy’ (Baker et al., 2008) of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis (CDA) for exploring how clashing ideologies have been actualized at collocation level across opposing discourses on Wahhabi-Saudi Islam\\/Wahhabism since 9\\/11. The discursive competition over Wahhabi-Saudi Islam reached a new extreme in the USA, when the 9\\/11 attacks called attention to

Amir H. Y. Salama

2011-01-01

175

The role of Game Discourse Analysis and curiosity in creating engaging and effective serious games by implementing a back story and foreshadowing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A challenge for serious games designers is to integrate learning with entertainment. For this purpose, the generation of curiosity using the foreshadowing\\/back story technique is promising. To implement this technique we propose the Game Discourse Analysis (GDA) which discerns between information flow (i.e. the sequence of information elements in a chronological order) and game discourse (i.e. the manipulation of the

Pieter Wouters; Herre van Oostendorp; Rudy Boonekamp; Erik van der Spek

2011-01-01

176

Genetic analysis of modern and historical burned human remains.  

PubMed

Burning of corpses is a well-known funeral procedure that has been performed for a long time in many cultures. Nowadays more and more corpses are burned in crematories and buried in urns, often for practical and financial reasons. In some scientific, criminal or civil cases even after cremation there is the need of genetic investigations for identification or paternity testing. Furthermore, burned remains are the only remains left in North Europe from 1200 BC to 500 AD. This makes genetic investigation of those materials interesting for anthropological reasons. We present on one hand a systematic investigation of 10 corpses before and after the cremation and on the other hand the analysis of seven historical remains representing the bronze age. We chose the ground bone powder and the less destroyed bone parts respectively and employed a slightly modified commercially available DNA extraction method. The presence of human nuclear and mitochondrial DNA was tested by a simple but highly sensitive Duplex-PCR. DNA quantification was done using real time PCR, and genetic typing was tried out using the AmpFISTR Identifiler Multiplex Kit, followed by an automatic analysis on an AbiPrism310. PMID:15830583

von Wurmb-Schwark, Nicole; Ringleb, Arne; Gebühr, Michael; Simeoni, Eva

2005-03-01

177

Historical analysis of performance measurement and management in operations management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to take a historic perspective on performance measurement and management (PMM) within operations management (OM) across all sectors (manufacturing, service and public) in order to reflect on and undercover relevant lessons and issues about PMM in OM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Drawing from a range of documents and experts, three historic phases were identified which reflected changing

Zoe J. Radnor; David Barnes

2007-01-01

178

Professional Mathematics Teacher Identity: Analysis of Reflective Narratives from Discourses and Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the methodological use of reflective narratives from discourses and activities of an experienced primary teacher as evidence of her professional identity. The teacher's reflective narratives emerge from her participation in a 3-year developmental and research project, Learning Communities in Mathematics, conducted at the…

Bjuland, Raymond; Cestari, Maria Luiza; Borgersen, Hans Erik

2012-01-01

179

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

180

Pedagogising Poverty Alleviation: A Discourse Analysis of Educational and Social Policies in Argentina and Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the past decades international organisations and governments have promoted and implemented analogous education policies on the grounds that education is the key factor to foster development and fight poverty. This article sets the context of these educational programmes and analyses their discourse on poverty in Argentina and Chile. Then, it…

Rambla, Xavier; Veger, Antoni

2009-01-01

181

Structural Characteristics of Computer-Mediated Language: A Comparative Analysis of InterChange Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares one form of synchronous computer-mediated communication, Daedalus InterChange, with analogous spoken and written corpora. Finds that the InterChange discourse mode is not merely intermediate between speaking and writing; rather the electronic medium uniquely fosters some behaviors and inhibits others, in support of the view that physical…

Ko, Kwang-Kyu

1996-01-01

182

The Analysis of Classroom Discourse: Elementary School Science Curricula Advancing Reasoning With Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students' ability to participate in scientific discourse and to appropriately use empirical evidence to support beliefs or conclusions has been consistently stated as a core goal of science education. In the present study, we analyzed the quality of scientific reasoning in elementary school science classrooms, using the Evidence-Based Reasoning (EBR) Video Framework (see Furtak, Hardy, Beinbrech, Shavelson, & Shemwell, this

Ilonca Hardy; Birgit Kloetzer; Kornelia Moeller; Beate Sodian

2010-01-01

183

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

184

Word and Image: An Analysis of Sir Joshua Reynolds's Discourses on Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sir Joshua Reynolds's fifteen Discourses on Art seem to be the ultimate vindication of the English painter's right to autonomy - to the independence of a national tradition divorced from the tenets of literary criticism. However, this vindication is merely symbolic, for the fundamental paradox of writing about painting was exacerbated by the eighteenth-century insistence on associating painting with mechanism

Marianne Theresia Andres

1991-01-01

185

Conceptual change cum discourse analysis: Towards an integrative perspective on learning in science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Illustrates how a well-designed curriculum can lead students to construct an unwanted conception. Concludes that the conceptual-change-cum-discourse perspective has the potential to integrate the affordances of both methodological approaches and past empirical accomplishments. Contains 33 references.

Duit, Reinders; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Komorek, Michael; Wilbers, Jens

2006-05-23

186

Frames, Content Organization, and Themes in Student Expository Essays: An Analysis of Discourse Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationship between writers' knowledge of expository frames--conventions accepted by both writers and readers in association with a particular type of discourse--and writing skill, 60 persuasive essays were analyzed for content organization. The essays, evaluated as either above average or average on a high school writing…

Hult, Christine A.

187

Citizenship and Citizenship Education: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Zimbabwe Presidential Commission Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational discourse, like other fields, is not neutral. Through policy documents it has ideological functions of transmitting dominant cultures and serving certain sectional interest groups. In Zimbabwe 1998 was characterized by radical political discontent as witnessed by a rise in student activism and the formation of the main political…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2011-01-01

188

Earning One's Inheritance: Rhetorical Criticism, Everyday Talk, and the Analysis of Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a transcribed speech in which an African American community member engaged a panel of school board officials on the topic of racial stereotypes in an elementary school science experiment. Concludes that the force of public discourse may reside less in a speaker's ability to persuade an audience than in an audience's willingness to recycle…

McCormick, Samuel

2003-01-01

189

Evaluating the Talking Cure: The Contribution of Narrative, Discourse, and Conversation Analysis to Psychotherapy Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws upon an extensive review of narrative, discourse, and conversation analyses of psychotherapy in order to outline, critically discuss, and evaluate claims made by these studies regarding the usefulness of these approaches for psychotherapy assessment. These analytic approaches are seen as compatible with the emphasis on language and meaning that characterises much of contemporary therapy theory. The claims

Eugenie Georgaca; Evrinomy Avdi

2009-01-01

190

Sustainability and the human\\/nature connection: a critical discourse analysis of being “symbolically” sustainable  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental sustainability as a social and marketing discourse has gathered momentum since the 1990s, forcing companies and consumers to consider how to apprehend this shift. However, this has proved to be challenging, given that sustainability itself remains a fuzzy concept. This paper argues that this fuzziness resides in the impetus for sustainability itself, suggesting that our concern for the environment

He?le?ne de Burgh-Woodman; Dylan King

2012-01-01

191

Semio-Pragmatic Analysis of Cartoons Discourse: A Step towards Semiotranslation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary concern of this study is to explore the subtle implications of the "Semiotranslation Approach vis-a-vis" analyzing the semiotic elements of discourse in Jordanian cartoons as creative artistic texts in which various signs manifest simultaneous interaction, thus achieving both entertainment and purposeful satire. Therefore, the…

AlBzour, Naser Naif

2011-01-01

192

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student…

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-01-01

193

Construction of Taliban Image in Pakistan: Discourse Analysis of Editorials of Dawn and The News  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research study is to investigate as to how the image of Taliban is being constructed in the print media discourses. In the last couple of years, media in Pakistan widely covered the involvement of Taliban, fanning extremism in Pakistan, which, at present, forms a frame of reference in national context. The media coverage shows that the

Shaista Malik; Zafar Iqbal

2009-01-01

194

A Descriptive Profile and Socio-Historical Analysis of Female Executions in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper constructs a descriptive profile and socio-historical analysis of female executions in the United States from 1632 to 1997. The profile documents the race, offense, age, and occupation of executed female prisoners, and the date, method, place, jurisdiction, and region of female executions. Historical analysis of these data suggests that female executions increase when women challenge the social, political,

David V. Baker

1999-01-01

195

Discourse Cohesion in Sign and Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of discourse cohesion in bilingual children through an analysis of narrative discourses produced by hearing children of deaf parents (HCDP) in both British Sign Language (BSL) and spoken English. Reference mechanisms in both languages are described in the context of recent work on narrative and discourse organization…

Morgan, Gary

2000-01-01

196

Perfect harmony: A mathematical analysis of four historical tunings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Western music, a musical interval defined by the frequency ratio of two notes is generally considered consonant when the ratio is composed of small integers. Perfect harmony or an ``ideal just scale,'' which has no exact solution, would require the division of an octave into 12 notes, each of which would be used to create six other consonant intervals. The purpose of this study is to analyze four well-known historical tunings to evaluate how well each one approximates perfect harmony. The analysis consists of a general evaluation in which all consonant intervals are given equal weighting and a specific evaluation for three preludes from Bach's ``Well-Tempered Clavier,'' for which intervals are weighted in proportion to the duration of their occurrence. The four tunings, 5-limit just intonation, quarter-comma meantone temperament, well temperament (Werckmeister III), and equal temperament, are evaluated by measures of centrality, dispersion, distance, and dissonance. When all keys and consonant intervals are equally weighted, equal temperament demonstrates the strongest performance across a variety of measures, although it is not always the best tuning. Given C as the starting note for each tuning, equal temperament and well temperament perform strongly for the three ``Well-Tempered Clavier'' preludes examined. .

Page, Michael F.

2004-10-01

197

Perfect harmony: a mathematical analysis of four historical tunings.  

PubMed

In Western music, a musical interval defined by the frequency ratio of two notes is generally considered consonant when the ratio is composed of small integers. Perfect harmony or an "ideal just scale," which has no exact solution, would require the division of an octave into 12 notes, each of which would be used to create six other consonant intervals. The purpose of this study is to analyze four well-known historical tunings to evaluate how well each one approximates perfect harmony. The analysis consists of a general evaluation in which all consonant intervals are given equal weighting and a specific evaluation for three preludes from Bach's "Well-Tempered Clavier," for which intervals are weighted in proportion to the duration of their occurrence. The four tunings, 5-limit just intonation, quarter-comma meantone temperament, well temperament (Werckmeister III), and equal temperament, are evaluated by measures of centrality, dispersion, distance, and dissonance. When all keys and consonant intervals are equally weighted, equal temperament demonstrates the strongest performance across a variety of measures, although it is not always the best tuning. Given C as the starting note for each tuning, equal temperament and well temperament perform strongly for the three "Well-Tempered Clavier" preludes examined. PMID:15532672

Page, Michael F

2004-10-01

198

Statistical analysis of Chinese historical records of fireballs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A power spectrum analysis is applied to the yearly statistics of Chinese historical records of fireballs. The results show that sound is an important indicator of origin. Noisy fireballs have the following possible periods in years: 170.6 + or - 0.0, 102.4 + or - 0.0, 66.1 + or - 2.2, 27.3 + or - 0.4, 23.3 + or - 0.0, 17.9 + or - 0.4, 14.8 + or - 0.1, 12.4 + or - 0.1, 10.5 + or - 0.3. Noisy fireballs and meteorite falls have basically the same periods, and both originate in the asteroid belt. It is thought that the factors affecting both are the Yarkovsky effect and the perturbations by Jupiter. The 10.5-yr, 23.3-yr, and 66.1-yr periods are related to the Yarkovsky effect and the 12.4-yr, 17.9-yr, 102.4-yr, and 170.6-yr periods to Jovian perturbations. The 14.8-yr and 27.3-yr periods may be due to the combined effect of the two or to some other causes.

Liu, Xie-Lin

1987-12-01

199

Analysis of SX farm leak histories -- Historical leak model (HLM)  

SciTech Connect

This report uses readily available historical information to better define the volume, chemical composition, and Cs-137/Sr-90 amounts for leaks that have occurred in the past for tanks SX-108, SX-109, SX-111, and SX-112. In particular a Historical Leak Model (HLM) is developed that is a month by month reconciliation of tank levels, fill records, and calculated boil-off rates for these tanks. The HLM analysis is an independent leak estimate that reconstructs the tank thermal histories thereby deriving each tank`s evaporative volume loss and by difference, its unaccounted losses as well. The HLM analysis was meant to demonstrate the viability of its approach, not necessarily to establish the HLM leak estimates as being definitive. Past leak estimates for these tanks have invariably resorted to soil wetting arguments but the extent of soil contaminated by each leak has always been highly uncertain. There is also a great deal of uncertainty with the HLM that was not quantified in this report, but will be addressed later. These four tanks (among others) were used from 1956 to 1975 for storage of high-level waste from the Redox process at Hanford. During their operation, tank waste temperatures were often as high as 150 C (300 F), but were more typically around 130 C. The primary tank cooling was by evaporation of tank waste and therefore periodic replacement of lost volume with water was necessary to maintain each tank`s inventory. This active reflux of waste resulted in very substantial turnovers in tank inventory as well as significant structural degradation of these tanks. As a result of the loss of structural integrity, each of these tanks leaked during their active periods of operation. Unfortunately, the large turnover in tank volume associated with their reflux cooling has made a determination of leak volumes very difficult. During much of these tanks operational histories, inventory losses because of evaporative cooling could have effectively masked any volume loss due to leak. However, careful comparison with reported tank levels during certain periods clearly show unaccounted volume losses for many tanks. As a result of the HLM analysis, SX-108, SX-109, SX-111, and SX-112 all show clear evidence of unaccounted volume losses during the period 1958 to 1975. Likewise, the HLM does not show similar unaccounted volume losses for tank SX-105, a tank with no reported leak history, verifying that the HLM is consistent with SX-105 not leaking. These unaccounted volume losses establish the leak start date and rate, and when propagated over time show that SX-108 lost 203 kgal followed by SX-109 at 111. SX-111 at 55, and SX-112 at 44 kgal.0664 These leak volumes represent maximum or upper bounds estimates of each leak and are in total volume about six times the previous leak estimates.

Fredenburg, E.A.

1998-08-20

200

Innocent Victims, Fighter Cells, and White Uncles: A Discourse Analysis of Children's Books about AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine a set of 26 children's books on HIV/AIDS published between 1989-1999 to identify the ways in which these texts construct HIV/AIDS and people living with HIV/AIDS. We explore how this marginalized group is depicted in these books, and how well-meaning teachers may in fact be reproducing dominant discourses about HIV/AIDS…

Blumenreich, Megan; Siegel, Marjorie

2006-01-01

201

Exploring news media representations of women’s exercise and subjectivity through critical discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of media work from a critical perspective being established, much is to be learned about how women’s exercise is (re)presented within news media discourses and the implications for women’s health promotion. Health promotion researchers need to further consider the media environment in which health-related meanings are constructed and compete. Building on media research from a critical perspective,

Kerry R. McGannon; John C. Spence

2012-01-01

202

Loose women or lost women? The re-emergence of the myth of white slavery in contemporary discourses of trafficking in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares current concerns about “trafficking in women” with turn of the century discourses about “white slavery.”\\u000a It traces the emergence of narratives on “white slavery” and their re-emergence in the moral panics and boundary crises of\\u000a contemporary discourses on “trafficking in women.” Drawing on historical analysis and contemporary representations of sex\\u000a worker migration, the paper argues that the

Jo Doezema

1999-01-01

203

The American Revolution in Children's Fiction: An Analysis of Historical Meaning and Narrative Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Marxian analysis of the form and content of children's Revolutionary War fiction shows how characteristics of these materials are related to the socioeconomic and historical milieu from which they come. Structural similarities between these novels and Western films reveal historically rooted bourgeois attitudes, social values, and ideologies.…

Taxel, Joel

1984-01-01

204

Extension of Large-Scale Modal Analysis Techniques to Historic Masonry Vaults  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the increasing demand for the condition assessment and rehabilitation of historic structures, the application of modal analysis techniques to large-scale masonry buildings is a growing area for the field of experimental mechanics. Although a large body of literature discusses testing on various forms of laboratory specimens, modal testing on a large-scale historic masonry structures has completely

H. Sezer Atamturktur; Linda M. Hanagan; Thomas E. Boothby

205

Secondary students using expert heuristics in the analysis of digitalized historical documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In time, more historical documents have become accessible through various technological modes including the Internet, CD-ROMs, and local databases. Teachers are now able to infuse a rich variety of resources into lessons with relative ease. This study measured expert historian heuristics in secondary students engaged in analysis of technologically-enhanced historical documents relating to women in the early United States republic.

Daniel W Stuckart

2004-01-01

206

HISTORICAL ANALYSIS, A VALUABLE TOOL IN COMMUNITY-BASED ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION  

EPA Science Inventory

A historical analysis of the ecological consequences of development can be a valuable tool in community-based environmental protection. These studies can engage the public in environmental issues and lead to informed decision making. Historical studies provide an understanding of...

207

Computer assisted screening, correction, and analysis of historical weather measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computer program, Historical Observation Tools (HOB Tools), has been developed to facilitate many of the calculations used by historical climatologists to develop instrumental and documentary temperature and precipitation datasets and makes them readily accessible to other researchers. The primitive methodology used by the early weather observers makes the application of standard techniques difficult. HOB Tools provides a step-by-step framework to visually and statistically assess, adjust, and reconstruct historical temperature and precipitation datasets. These routines include the ability to check for undocumented discontinuities, adjust temperature data for poor thermometer exposures and diurnal averaging, and assess and adjust daily precipitation data for undercount. This paper provides an overview of the Visual Basic.NET program and a demonstration of how it can assist in the development of extended temperature and precipitation datasets using modern and early instrumental measurements from the United States.

Burnette, Dorian J.; Stahle, David W.

2013-04-01

208

A Discourse Approach to Theorising HRD: Opening a Discursive Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how a discourse approach to theorising human resource development (HRD) can open a "discursive space" to challenge dominant discourses within the field; enabling a more critical discourse to emerge. Design/methodology/approach: Discusses two approaches to discourse analysis, a "practice" and a…

Lawless, Aileen; Sambrook, Sally; Garavan, Tom; Valentin, Claire

2011-01-01

209

Defining a social problem: socio-historical analysis of the antinuclear weapons movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is a socio-historical analysis of the anti-nuclear weapons movement in the United States. This work conceptualizes social movements in advanced industrial societies by synthesizing certain aspects of social constructionism, resource mobilization, and new class theory. The research design is a socio-historical, comparative case study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are employed for data analysis. Extensive content analysis of

McCrea

1988-01-01

210

Reform Discourse and Curriculum Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two prominent recent education reform reports ("A Nation at Risk" and "Tomorrow's Teachers") are examined, using discourse analysis. This article concludes that the reports' language and discursive practices limit rather than expand possibilities for substantive curriculum reform. (IAH)

Cornbleth, Catherine; Gottlieb, Esther E.

1989-01-01

211

Historical Analysis: Using the Past to Design the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubicomp developers are increasingly borrowing from other disciplines, such as anthropology and creative design, to inform their design process. In this paper, we demonstrate that the discipline of history similarly has much to offer ubicomp research. Specifically, we describe a historically- grounded approach to designing ubicomp systems and applications for the home. We present findings from a study examining aging

Susan Wyche; Phoebe Sengers; Rebecca E. Grinter

2006-01-01

212

An Historical Analysis of Instructional Technology in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes the historical growth of technology and the research that has examined this evolution. Important stages of instructional technology are explored, including the development of computer-assisted instruction and the growing use of the Internet in learning. With this medium's growth will come new opportunities for research and…

Wright, Vivian H.; Marsh, George E.; Miller, Michael T.

213

A Product-Level Approach to Historical Material Flow Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryStudies of material cycles, which have a solid history in biogeochemistry, include characterization of technological materials cycles that quantify the way in which materials move through the economy and environment of a region. One of the most important aspects of historical technological materials cycles is determining how much material goes into various uses over time and modeling its lifetime in

Ermelinda M. Harper

2008-01-01

214

Teacher Recertification: A Historical Analysis of the Illinois Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|License renewal and recertification have long been standard practice in service professions. Ten years ago, a new law called for policy revision and mandated that Illinois teachers acquire continuing professional development to maintain certification. This study provides a historical perspective of the Illinois teacher recertification process,…

Brodbeck, Nancy Negley

2009-01-01

215

Discourse as Social Interaction. Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collection of essays on discourse as a form of social interaction includes: "Discourse as Interaction in Society" (Teun A. van Dijk); "Discourse Pragmatics" (Shoshana Blum-Kulka); "Conversation Analysis: An Approach to the Study of Social Action as Sense Making Practices" (Anita Pomerantz, B. J. Fehr); "Institutional Dialogue" (Paul Drew,…

van Dijk, Teun A., Ed.

216

Discourse as Social Interaction. Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of essays on discourse as a form of social interaction includes: "Discourse as Interaction in Society" (Teun A. van Dijk); "Discourse Pragmatics" (Shoshana Blum-Kulka); "Conversation Analysis: An Approach to the Study of Social Action as Sense Making Practices" (Anita Pomerantz, B. J. Fehr); "Institutional Dialogue" (Paul Drew,…

van Dijk, Teun A., Ed.

217

The world as the new local clinic: a critical analysis of three discourses of global medical competency.  

PubMed

The effects of globalization on health are the focus of administrators, educators, policy makers and researchers as they work to consider how best to train and regulate health professionals to practice in a globalized world. This study explores what happens to constructs such as medical competence when the context of medical practice is discursively expanded to include the whole world. An archive of texts was assembled (1970-2011) totaling 1100 items and analyzed using a governmentality approach. Texts were included that articulated rationales for pursuing global education activities, and/or that implicitly or explicitly took a position on medical competencies in relation to practicing medicine in international or culturally diverse contexts, or in dealing with health issues as global concerns. The analysis revealed three distinct visions, representative of a primarily western mentality, for preparing physicians to practice in a globalized world: the universal global physician, the culturally versed global physician and the global physician advocate. Each has its own epistemological relationship to globalization and is supported by an evidence base. All three discourses are active and productive, sometimes within the same context. However, the discourse of the universal global physician is currently the most established. The challenge to policy makers and educators in evolving regulatory frameworks and curricula that are current and relevant necessitates a better understanding of the socio-political effects of globalization on medical education, and the ethical, political, cultural and scientific issues underlying efforts to prepare students to practice competently in a globalized world. PMID:23631776

Martimianakis, Maria Athina Tina; Hafferty, Frederic W

2013-03-16

218

American Grand Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Historical Strategy to Balance Liberty and Order.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis is a critical analysis of the complete historical continuum of American grand strategy. The study focuses on how American grand strategy has balanced liberty and order in both domestic political development and foreign policy engagements with ...

D. L. Waters

2012-01-01

219

Multifractal analysis for the historic set in topological dynamical systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the historic set is divided into different level sets and we use topological pressure to describe the size of these level sets. We give an application of these results to dimension theory. Our primary focus is using topological pressure to describe the relative multifractal spectrum of ergodic averages and to give a positive answer to the conjecture posed by Olsen (2003 J. Math. Pures Appl. 82 1591-649).

Zhou, Xiaoyao; Chen, Ercai

2013-07-01

220

Professional caregivers' work with the dying in nursing homes - a Foucault-inspired analysis of discourses in the last decade in a Danish context.  

PubMed

International studies on the death of elderly nursing home residents show the complexity in the understanding of the professionals who care for the dying. The aim of this study is to explore the discourses about professional caregivers caring for those dying in Denmark in the last decade. A discourse analysis inspired by Foucault was constructed. The material consists of different source documents: research articles, newspaper articles, theses, books, websites - 35 sources in total. There are constructed six positions of speech, five discourses and three themes: (1) 'the work of the professional caregivers - a complex low-status work'; (2) 'the education of the professionals - the way to ensure a good death or possessing the right qualifications' and (3) 'the vulnerable professionals'. The study concludes that an economical/political discourse is dominating and sets up the frames within which the professionals care for dying residents, although the medical, the social/critical and the religious discourses attempt to speak against it. All positions articulate that the professional caregivers' job has a low status and that it is not possible to provide an optimal care due to lack of time, resources and education. Psychical or mental demands make the professionals vulnerable. The meaning of optimal care varies according to the positions of speech. PMID:23336738

Nielsen, Karen T; Glasdam, Stinne

2013-01-22

221

Analysis of Student-Instructor Interaction Patterns in Real-Time, Scientific Online Discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The characteristics of the online environment alter how students and instructors interact. Scientific discourse among students and instructors in an online text-only synchronous environment was analyzed. In converting dialogue to text, many of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which instructors use to gauge student understanding are lost. The participants adapt their communication style to the medium, and we present a new interaction pattern for student-instructor communication found prevalent in the synchronous, text-only, online environment. This study has implications for instructors who use synchronous, text-based communication for their courses, namely the value of posing additional questions from the instructor to verify student understanding.

Epp, Erik M.; Green, Kellie F.; Rahman, Aliya M.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2010-02-01

222

The Background of Discourse Analysis: A New Paradigm in Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article traces the historical developments that lead up to Discursive Social Psychology, eventually resulting in the Hermeneutic–Dialectic Mode. A critical differentiation between Logical Empiricism (LE) and Hermeneutic–Dialectics (HD) is drawn to emphasize the subjective nature of the latter. While HD is not the only approach to Discursive Social Psychology, its subjective nature makes it possible to more deeply explore

Anna Zajacova

2002-01-01

223

In the shadow of a new smoke free policy: A discourse analysis of health care providers' engagement in tobacco control in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of tobacco use among individuals with mental illness remains a serious public health concern. Tobacco control has received little attention in community mental health despite the fact that many individuals with mental illness are heavy smokers and experience undue tobacco-related health consequences. METHODS: This qualitative study used methods of discourse analysis to examine the perceptions of health

Joy L. Johnson; Barbara M. Moffat; Leslie A. Malchy

2010-01-01

224

Whose Education Policies in Aid-Receiving Countries? A Critical Discourse Analysis of Quality and Normative Transfer through Cambodia and Laos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical discourse analysis of policy contexts and documents has been employed in this research to analyze the role of language in promoting normative positions affecting the quality of education in Cambodia and Laos. The article examines the ways institutional normative influences at multiple levels within the Education for All (EFA) program…

McCormick, Alexandra

2012-01-01

225

The Power of the Press: A Content and Discourse Analysis of the United States History Standards as Presented in Selected Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses ethnographic content and critical discourse analytic methodologies to examine how the voluntary national U.S. history standards contained in National Standards for United States History: Exploring the American Experience were presented in selected U.S. newspapers. Our analysis indicates that most newspapers presented a fragmented picture of the history standards, that criticism of the standards was highlighted, and that

Theresa Johnson; Patricia G. Avery

1999-01-01

226

Whose Education Policies in Aid-Receiving Countries? A Critical Discourse Analysis of Quality and Normative Transfer through Cambodia and Laos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical discourse analysis of policy contexts and documents has been employed in this research to analyze the role of language in promoting normative positions affecting the quality of education in Cambodia and Laos. The article examines the ways institutional normative influences at multiple levels within the Education for All (EFA) program have…

McCormick, Alexandra

2012-01-01

227

The Challenges of Contrastive Discourse Analysis: Reflecting on a Study into the Influence of English on Students' Written Spanish on a Bilingual Education Program in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses challenges involved in contrastive discourse analysis that emerged while carrying out a follow-up study into a Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) program in Spain. Reversing the focus on English of much contrastive rhetoric work, the study investigates the effect of second-language-English on…

Maxwell-Reid, Corinne

2011-01-01

228

Role Models or Normalizing Agents? A Genealogical Analysis of Popular Written News Media Discourse regarding Male Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author examines popular written news media discourse from the United States concerning the "boy crisis," the gender gap, and male teachers as role models employing genealogical methodologies and theoretical concepts suggested by Foucault (1984, 1990, 1995). It is argued that such discourses reveal how "common sense" beliefs…

Sternod, Brandon M.

2011-01-01

229

The Cultural Politics of National Testing and Test Result Release Policy in South Korea: A Critical Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the ideological construction of educational discourses embedded within the South Korean print media. Significantly, these discourses have recently promoted the resurrection of a sweeping national testing and test results release policy. Through careful examination of the "test plus release" policy, the authors show how the…

Sung, Youl-Kwan; Kang, Mi Ok

2012-01-01

230

Analyses des discours non strictement mathematiques accompagnant des cours de mathematiques (Analysis of Not Strictly Mathematical Discourse in Mathematics Classes).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines discourse, not strictly mathematical, that teachers might adopt in a mathematics class and presents three major functions of such discourse: communication; structuring and labeling; and reflection. Develops lines for further inquiry, notably on the third function, the most likely focus for specific preparation by the teacher. (13…

Robert, Aline

1995-01-01

231

An Analysis of Discourse-Pragmatic and Grammatical Constraints on the Acquisition and Development of Referential Choice in Child English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation investigates how discourse-pragmatics informs children's choice of referential forms. Three studies utilizing naturalistic data examine the role that six discourse-pragmatic features play in the acquisition of referential forms in a non-null subject language, English. The influence of child-directed speech on development is also…

Hughes, Mary E.

2011-01-01

232

A Community-Based Treatment for Native American Historical Trauma: Prospects for Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nineteen staff and clients in a Native American healing lodge were interviewed regarding the therapeutic approach used to address the legacy of Native American historical trauma. On the basis of thematic content analysis of interviews, 4 components of healing discourse emerged. First, clients were understood by their counselors to carry pain,…

Gone, Joseph P.

2009-01-01

233

A causal analysis relating previous achievement, attitudes, discourse, and intervention to achievement in biology and chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study described the relationship of 38 variates to achievement in high school biology and chemistry classes. Forty-four teachers prepared audio tape recordings of discussions throughout a nine-month period. Equal-sized groups received treatment consisting of wait time feedback and/or supportive intervention, a form of peer coaching. Other variables were initial measures, which included the variates of class size and previous science grade, pre- and posttest scores on student attitudes and perceptions, and prediscourse and discourse analyses, which included the variates of wait times, actions, and response durations. While previous research has shown that wait time feedback and supportive intervention are effective means of changing teacher behavior, the results of the present study revealed that previous student achievement and the attitudes of students accounted for 70% of the variation in the final examination scores (New York State Regents) on the basis of only the first three weeks of data collection on the variables assessed. Generally, little emphasis on higher-level thinking, wait time, or problem solving was found at the beginning of the school year, and only minimal changes resulted from the application of the treatment variables. Pressures for content coverage and preparation for externally imposed statewide examinations that emphasize memory-level learning augured against the changes that the independent variables were designed to produce.

Gooding, C. Thomas; Swift, J. Nathan; Schell, Robert E.; Swift, Patricia R.; McCroskery, James H.

234

Historical Material Analysis of DC745U Pressure Pads  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Enhance Surveillance mission, it is the goal to provide suitable lifetime assessment of stockpile materials. This report is an accumulation of historical publication on the DC745U material and their findings. It is the intention that the B61 LEP program uses this collection of data to further develop their understanding and potential areas of study. DC745U is a commercially available silicone elastomer consisting of dimethyl, methyl-phenyl, and methyl-vinyl siloxane repeat units. Originally, this material was manufactured by Dow Corning as Silastic{reg_sign} DC745U at their manufacturing facility in Kendallville, IN. Recently, Dow Corning shifted this material to the Xiameter{reg_sign} brand product line. Currently, DC745U is available through Xiameter{reg_sign} or Dow Corning's distributor R. D. Abbott Company. DC745U is cured using 0.5 wt% vinyl-specific peroxide curing agent known as Luperox 101 or Varox DBPH-50. This silicone elastomer is used in numerous parts, including two major components (outer pressure pads and aft cap support) in the W80 and as pressure pads on the B61. DC745U is a proprietary formulation, thus Dow Corning provides limited information on its composition and properties. Based on past experience with Dow Corning, DC745U is at risk of formulation changes without notification to the costumer. A formulation change for DC745U may have a significant impact because the network structure is a key variable in determining material properties. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of historical DC745U studies and identify gaps that need to be addressed in future work. Some of the previous studies include the following: 1. Spectroscopic characterization of raw gum stock. 2. Spectroscopic, thermal, and mechanical studies on cured DC745U. 3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and solvent swelling studies on DC745U with different crosslink densities. 4. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on thermally aged DC745U. 5. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on radiolytically aged DC745U. Each area is reviewed and further work is suggested to improve our understanding of DC745U for systems engineering, surveillance, aging assessments, and lifetime assessment.

Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-30

235

Historical data analysis based on plots of independent and parallel coordinates and statistical control limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive multidimensional visualisation based on parallel coordinates has been studied previously as a tool for process historical data analysis. Here attention is given to improvement of the technique by the introduction of dimension reduction and upper and lower limits for separating abnormal data to the plots of coordinates. Dimension reduction using independent component analysis transforms the original variables to a

Hamza Albazzaz; Xue Z. Wang

2006-01-01

236

Trend Analysis of Motivation-Based Clusters at the Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site of Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study combines data from three cross-sectional surveys (1993, 1998, and 2004) to explore how hikers at the Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site of Canada were affected by the introduction of several restrictive management policies. The analysis revolves around motivation-based segments defined via one single principal component and cluster analysis over all three years of data. The results document similarities

Anne-Marie Légaré; Wolfgang Haider

2008-01-01

237

“What you'll say is … ”: represented voice in organizational change discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Following Bakhtin, organizational discourse scholars have examined ways in which organizational actors draw on and negotiate historical texts, weave them with contemporary ones, and transform them into future discourses. This paper examines how this practice occurs discursively as members in a high-tech corporation conduct an organizational change. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper interprets discourse excerpts from meetings of a

Donald L. Anderson

2005-01-01

238

Talking in the Ranks: Gender and Military Discourse.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This interactional sociolinguistic study of military discourse applies the techniques of discourse analysis to the audio-recorded interactions of six Air Force officers. For cross-gender comparison, a male and female Wing Commander, Squadron Commander and...

E. A. Disler

2005-01-01

239

Networks, narratives and territory in anthropological race classification: towards a more comprehensive historical geography of Europe’s culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to integrate discourse analysis of politically instrumental imagined identity geographies with the relational and territorial geography of the communities of praxis and interpretation that produce them. My case study is the international community of nationalist scientists who classified Europe’s biological races in the 1820s—1940s. I draw on network analysis, relational geography, historical sociology and the historical turn

Richard McMahon

2011-01-01

240

Tractographic Analysis of Historical Lesion Surgery for Depression  

PubMed Central

Various surgical brain ablation procedures for the treatment of refractory depression were developed in the twentieth century. Most notably, key target sites were (i) the anterior cingulum, (ii) the anterior limb of the internal capsule, and (iii) the subcaudate white matter, which were regarded as effective targets. Long-term symptom remissions were better following lesions of the anterior internal capsule and subcaudate white matter than of the cingulum. It is possible that the observed clinical improvements of these various surgical procedures may reflect shared influences on presently unspecified brain affect-regulating networks. Such possibilities can now be analyzed using modern brain connectivity procedures such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography. We determined whether the shared connectivities of the above lesion sites in healthy volunteers might explain the therapeutic effects of the various surgical approaches. Accordingly, modestly sized historical lesions, especially of the anatomical overlap areas, were ‘implanted' in brain-MRI scans of 53 healthy subjects. These were entered as seed regions for probabilistic DTI connectivity reconstructions. We analyzed for the shared connectivities of bilateral anterior capsulotomy, anterior cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy, and stereotactic limbic leucotomy (a combination of the last two lesion sites). Shared connectivities between the four surgical approaches mapped onto the most mediobasal aspects of bilateral frontal lobe fibers, including the forceps minor and the anterior thalamic radiations that contacted subgenual cingulate regions. Anatomically, convergence of these shared connectivities may derive from the superolateral branch of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB), a structure that connects these frontal areas to the origin of the mesolimbic dopaminergic ‘reward' system in the midbrain ventral tegmental area. Thus, all four surgical anti-depressant approaches may be promoting positive affect by converging influences onto the MFB.

Schoene-Bake, Jan-Christoph; Parpaley, Yaroslav; Weber, Bernd; Panksepp, Jaak; Hurwitz, Trevor A; Coenen, Volker A

2010-01-01

241

Changing gender relations in Thailand: a historical and cultural analysis.  

PubMed

In response to the stereotyping of Thai women in the media as either modern businesswomen or victims of male oppression, this article studies the changing gender roles and status of women in Thailand to identify the various roles played by Thai women and the ways these roles are linked to key cultural, economic, and political mechanisms in Thai society. After an introduction, the first section of the paper analyzes pre-modern Thai history from the mid-13th century with a look at the traditional social, political, and economic structure of feudal society to determine how women's status was affected by Thai Buddhism, absolute monarchy (the affect of the legal system on upper-class women), and matrifocal kinship (the effect of subsistence agriculture on lower-class women). This section also compares the historic status of upper- and lower-class Thai women. The second section of the article considers the effects of 1) the encroachment of Western colonialism in Southeast Asia during the period 1850-1925 and attendant criticisms of polygamy, 2) the post-1932 revolution that resulted in a constitutional monarchy, and 3) the post 1950s period of economic nationalism that has resulted in globalization. The article concludes that lower-class women have certain rights under the feudal system (before 1932) but were forced into certain roles by economic necessity and motherhood. Upper-class women enjoyed high status, but all women were victims of the Buddhist patriarchy and hierarchical systems. Western modernization caused a decline in polygamy and new opportunities for educated women but the status of Thai women has not changed substantially, and class-specific forms of female oppression continues unabated making lower-class women vulnerable to sexual exploitation. PMID:12321345

Tantiwiramanond, D

242

Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes: Multi-dimensional analysis of textbooks and lectures in biology and macroeconomics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The broad goal of this study is to represent the linguistic variation of textbooks and lectures, the primary input for student learning---and sometimes the sole input in the large introductory classes which characterize General Education at many state universities. Computer techniques are used to analyze a corpus of textbooks and lectures from first-year university classes in macroeconomics and biology. These spoken and written variants are compared to each other as well as to benchmark texts from other multi-dimensional studies in order to examine their patterns, relations, and functions. A corpus consisting of 147,000 words was created from macroeconomics and biology lectures at a medium-large state university and from a set of nationally "best-selling" textbooks used in these same introductory survey courses. The corpus was analyzed using multi-dimensional methodology (Biber, 1988). The analysis consists of both empirical and qualitative phases. Quantitative analyses are undertaken on the linguistic features, their patterns of co-occurrence, and on the contextual elements of classrooms and textbooks. The contextual analysis is used to functionally interpret the statistical patterns of co-occurrence along five dimensions of textual variation, demonstrating patterns of difference and similarity with reference to text excerpts. Results of the analysis suggest that academic discourse is far from monolithic. Pedagogic discourse in introductory classes varies by modality and discipline, but not always in the directions expected. In the present study the most abstract texts were biology lectures---more abstract than written genres of academic prose and more abstract than introductory textbooks. Academic lectures in both disciplines, monologues which carry a heavy informational load, were extremely interactive, more like conversation than academic prose. A third finding suggests that introductory survey textbooks differ from those used in upper division classes by being relatively less marked for information density, abstraction, and non-overt argumentation. In addition to the findings mentioned here, numerous other relationships among the texts exhibit complex patterns of variation related to a number of situational variables. Pedagogical implications are discussed in relation to General Education courses, differing student populations, and the reading and listening demands which students encounter in large introductory classes in the university.

Carkin, Susan

243

Meaning and interpretation: insights and discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to analyze the discourse of meaning and interpretation in the social sciences. It aims to provide a historical overview of the hermeneutics and the need for scientific as well as general understanding, and to emphasize the importance of the interpretive approach in management history. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides an in-depth literature review of interpretation.

Nada K. Kakabadse; Peter Steane

2010-01-01

244

Application of thermal analysis in preservation and restoration of historic masonry materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal analysis techniques have been used in characterizing building materials from significant historic properties in the\\u000a Charleston, South Carolina area. Determining the chemical and physical effects of deterioration resulting from long periods\\u000a of exposure is a first step in formulating preservation strategies. In this regard, simultaneous thermal analysis coupled\\u000a with evolved gas analysis has been used to study reactions between

Denis A. Brosnan; John P. Sanders; Stephanie A. Hart

245

Risk analysis and risk management: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the history of risk analysis and risk management, giving special emphasis to the neglected period prior to the 20th century. The overall objective of the paper is to: (1) dampen the prevailing tendency to view present-day concerns about risk in an ahistorical context; (2) shed light on the intellectual antecedents of current thinking about risk; (3) clarify

Vincent T. Covello; Jeryl Mumpower

1985-01-01

246

Diversity management discourse meets queer theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper's aim is to examine how diversity management discourse reproduces heteronormative essentialist notions of identity in organisations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a critical analysis of diversity management discourse that draws upon concepts, frames and the language of queer theory and insights from social identity construction to offer an alternative approach to reconceptualising diversity management. The key question

Regine Bendl; Alexander Fleischmann; Christa Walenta

2008-01-01

247

Corporate Discourse and the Academy: A Polemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of vocabulary, imagery, and rhetoric in business texts shows that higher education is adopting a free-market discourse depicting the academy in terms of a knowledge industry or revenue generator in which intellectual resources are "leveraged" and knowledge is a "commodity." This discourse is characterized as management centered,…

Webster, Gary

2003-01-01

248

Race discourse and the US Confederate Flag  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research reveals that racial hierarchies and ‘color?blind’ racism is maintained through discourse. The current study utilizes exploratory data from focus groups in a predominantly white southern university in the United States to examine race talk, the Confederate Flag, and the construction of southern white identity. Drawing from critical discourse analysis, we answer the following questions: first, to what extent do

Lori Holyfield; Matthew Ryan Moltz; Mindy S. Bradley

2009-01-01

249

Realising a discourse of the ‘basket case’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the discourse of a leading Western publication (The Economist magazine) in its reporting on a poorly understood country steeped in different cultural values and traditions (Cambodia). Using a critical discourse analysis framework and the theory of systemic functional linguistics, this paper argues that The Economist's reporting effectively reinforces an image of Cambodia as a ‘basket case’. This

Stephen H. Moore

2008-01-01

250

Historical development of expertise in forensic chemical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of forensic chemical analysis shows a development from the mere quotation of a concentration value to an expert\\u000a opinion which helps to explain manifold circumstances of the case under consideration. The development of forensic expertises\\u000a on chemical problems connected to forensic medicine reveals two essential stages: 1. A period, when sensual perceptions were\\u000a the only means of investigation

W. Vycudilik

2000-01-01

251

The Historical and Situated Nature Design Experiments--Implications for Data Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a methodological contribution to the use of design experiments in educational research. We will discuss the implications of a historical and situated interpretation to design experiments, the consequences this has for the analysis of the collected data and empirically based suggestions to improve the designs of the computer-based…

Krange, I.; Ludvigsen, Sten

2009-01-01

252

Multidimensional visualisation for process historical data analysis: a comparative study with multivariate statistical process control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a comparative study of a multidimensional visualisation technique and multivariate statistical process control (MSPC) for process historical data analysis. The visualisation technique uses parallel coordinates which visualise multidimensional data using two dimensional presentations and allow identification of clusters and outliers, therefore, can be used to detect abnormal events. The study is based on a database covering 527

Hamza Albazzaz; Xue Z. Wang; Fatma Marhoon

2005-01-01

253

Victorian Legacy: A Social Historical Analysis of Attitudes Toward Women in the Canadian Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a research proposal for social-historical analysis of women's military participation in Canada during WWII. Women serving in the corps of the armed forces during this period were the objects of a 'whispering campaign' which focussed on...

D. G. Forestell

1981-01-01

254

Selling smoke to Asia: An historical analysis of conflicting US policies on cigarette advertising and promotions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focused on the liberalization of Asian cigarette markets (Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and Thailand), this paper aims to provide an historical analysis of this process driven by the US government and US cigarette companies, and discusses changes in cigarette advertising and promotional environments as a result of market liberalization.Specifically, this paper addresses three major areas: first, it discusses the process and

Kwangmi K. Kim

2002-01-01

255

Analysis of genetic data on Jewish populations. I. Historical background, demographic features, and genetic markers.  

PubMed Central

Part I describes the data sets on which the analysis of Part II is based. This covers the nature of the populations sampled, the extent to which the samples are representative, and a brief review of historical and demographic facts on the populations involved.

Bonne-Tamir, B; Karlin, S; Kenett, R

1979-01-01

256

Statistical Analysis of Historical State-Level Residential Energy Consumption Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obtaining an accurate picture of the major trends in energy consumption in the nation's stock of residential buildings can serve a variety of national and regional program planning and policy needs related to energy use. This paper employs regression analysis and uses a variable degree-day approach with historical data to provide some insight into overall changes in the thermal integrity

David B. Belzer; Katherine A. Cort

257

Major General James Scott Negley and His Division at Chickamauga: A historical Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis is a historical analysis of Major General James Negley and his division during the Battle of Chickamauga. An examination of Negley, his actions, his major subordinate commanders, and the regiments of the division was conducted to provide a bas...

K. A. Barclay

2001-01-01

258

Predominant discourses in Swedish nursing.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to elucidate the predominant discourse in the field of Swedish nursing in 2000, 25 years after nursing was introduced as an academic discipline in Sweden. The method used was content analysis and deconstructive analysis of discourses. Laws, statutes, regulations, and examination requirements, including official reports, recruitment campaigns, and media coverage, were analyzed. The findings uncovered competing discourses striving to gain hegemony. In the public sector, official requirements competed against the media fixation on gender stereotypes and the realities of local recruitment campaigns. Media has a major role in disseminating prevailing conceptions and conventions pertaining to the nursing profession. As a result, decision makers, students, patients, and family members could get lower expectations of the professional competence of nursing practitioners than would otherwise have been the case in the absence of media exposure. PMID:19783537

Dahlborg-Lyckhage, Elisabeth; Pilhammar-Anderson, Ewa

2009-05-01

259

Livelihood security, vulnerability and resilience: a historical analysis of Chibuene, southern Mozambique.  

PubMed

A sustainable livelihood framework is used to analyse livelihood security, vulnerability and resilience in the village of Chibuene, Vilanculos, southern Mozambique from a historical and contemporary perspective. Interviews, assessments, archaeology, palaeoecology and written sources are used to address tangible and intangible aspects of livelihood security. The analysis shows that livelihood strategies for building resilience, diversification of resource use, social networks and trade, have long historical continuities. Vulnerability is contingent on historical processes as long-term socio-environmental insecurity and resultant biodiversity loss. These contingencies affect the social capacity to cope with vulnerability in the present. The study concludes that contingency and the extent and strength of social networks should be added as a factor in livelihood assessments. Furthermore, policies for mitigating vulnerability must build on the reality of environmental insecurity, and strengthen local structures that diversify and spread risk. PMID:22544636

Ekblom, Anneli

2012-04-28

260

Analysis of historical delta values for IAEA/LANL NDA training courses  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) supports the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by providing training for IAEA inspectors in neutron and gamma-ray Nondestructive Assay (NDA) of nuclear material. Since 1980, all new IAEA inspectors attend this two week course at LANL gaining hands-on experience in the application of NDA techniques, procedures and analysis to measure plutonium and uranium nuclear material standards with well known pedigrees. As part of the course the inspectors conduct an inventory verification exercise. This exercise provides inspectors the opportunity to test their abilities in performing verification measurements using the various NDA techniques. For an inspector, the verification of an item is nominally based on whether the measured assay value agrees with the declared value to within three times the historical delta value. The historical delta value represents the average difference between measured and declared values from previous measurements taken on similar material with the same measurement technology. If the measurement falls outside a limit of three times the historical delta value, the declaration is not verified. This paper uses measurement data from five years of IAEA courses to calculate a historical delta for five non-destructive assay methods: Gamma-ray Enrichment, Gamma-ray Plutonium Isotopics, Passive Neutron Coincidence Counting, Active Neutron Coincidence Counting and the Neutron Coincidence Collar. These historical deltas provide information as to the precision and accuracy of these measurement techniques under realistic conditions.

Geist, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Santi, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bonner, Elisa [FORMER N-4 STUDENT

2009-01-01

261

Response-Comment Elements in Yorùbá Conversational Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of discourse analysis to Yorùbá discourse is expected to add a new perspective to the understanding of the language and its usage in context, and also give the learner or analyst new tools with which to cater for certain pragmatic as well as discourse needs. Since the central aim of much language use is understanding or communication, then

Adeleke A. Fakoya

262

Clinicians as Communication Partners: Developing a Mediated Discourse Elicitation Protocol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the development and piloting of a mediated discourse elicitation protocol. Grounded in situated theories of communication and informed by mediated discourse analysis, this protocol selectively samples familiar discourse types in a manner designed to preserve interactional aspects of communication. Critically, the mediated…

Hengst, Julie A.; Duff, Melissa C.

2007-01-01

263

The Art of Prophecy: Interpretive Analysis, Academic Discourse, and Expository Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that while competence in interpretive analysis is a commonly acknowledged goal of a college education, it is rarely explicitly addressed in the curriculum. Notes that because interpretive analysis makes specific cognitive and generic demands on writers, expository writing students would benefit from both theoretical and practical training…

Ganter, Granville

2001-01-01

264

Vibrational spectroscopic analysis of an amber necklace—a forensic historical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vibrational infrared spectroscopic analysis of an important historical necklace of 102 beads that are purported to be\\u000a made of amber indicated strong signal characteristics of cellulose nitrate with dark green-coloured areas of a naphthylamine\\u000a dye. Confocal Raman depth-profiling spectroscopy using a 785-nm laser excitation, a novel application first applied here for\\u000a the analysis of inclusions in amber resin, confirmed

Howell G. M. Edwards

2010-01-01

265

Discourse Markers across Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses discourse markers (e.g., "and, so, anyway") and offers an overview of their characteristics and occurrence, using English for illustration. The role of discourse markers is to signal speaker comment on the current utterance. The discourse marker is not part of the sentence's propositional content. While absence of markers…

Fraser, Bruce

266

Accounting as codified discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to introduce the AAAJ special issue on “Accounting as codified discourse”, explicate the idea of codification and locate the notion of a “codified discourse” within the broader tradition of discourse studies in management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is conceptual and discursive, and provides a theoretical framework for understanding codification and a discursive context for the

Sue Llewellyn; Markus J. Milne

2007-01-01

267

Spatial Hierarchical Bayesian Analysis of the Historical Extreme Streamflow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the climate change impact on extreme hydro-climatic events is crucial for future hydrologic/hydraulic designs and water resources decision making. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of the extreme value distribution parameters with respect to time to reflect upon the impact of climate change. We develop a statistical model using the observed streamflow data of the Columbia River Basin in USA to estimate the changes of high flows as a function of time as well as other variables. Generalized Pareto Distribution (GPD) is used to model the upper 95% flows during December through March for 31 gauge stations. In the process layer of the model the covariates including time, latitude, longitude, elevation and basin area are considered to assess the sensitivity of the model to each variable. Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method is used to estimate the parameters. The Spatial Hierarchical Bayesian technique models the GPD parameters spatially and borrows strength from other locations by pooling data together, while providing an explicit estimation of the uncertainties in all stages of modeling.

Najafi, M. R.; Moradkhani, H.

2012-04-01

268

Evaluating significance of historical entities based on tempo-spatial impacts analysis using Wikipedia link structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a method to evaluate the significance of historical entities (people, events, and so on.). Here, the significance of a historical entity means how it affected other historical entities. Our proposed method first calculates the tempo-spacial impact of historical entities. The impact of a historical entity varies according to time and location. Historical entities are collected from Wikipedia. We

Yuku Takahashi; Hiroaki Ohshima; Mitsuo Yamamoto; Hirotoshi Iwasaki; Satoshi Oyama; Katsumi Tanaka

2011-01-01

269

A Historical Analysis of Desegregation and Racism in a Racially Polarized Region: Implications for the Historical Construct, a Diversity Problem, and Transforming Teacher Education toward Culturally Relevant Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study chronicles the historical divisions of race and class between Detroit and its suburban neighbor as an explanation for current tensions in the communities and schools. This analysis poses implications for educational apartheid and stark disparities between urban and suburban boundaries and consequent discomfort among practitioners when…

Hill, K. Dara

2009-01-01

270

Analyzing Foreign Language Lesson Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is claimed that second-language classroom research cannot establish itself as a discipline if it does not relate at least to the fields of second-language acquisition, discourse analysis, syllabus design, and methodology. The argument is drawn from experiences in Tunisian secondary schools. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/LB)|

Abdesslem, Habib

1993-01-01

271

Teaching Discourse Intonation with Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazil's system of discourse intonation (DI) is critically appraised, and some shortcomings are described. Modifications to DI are suggested, the most important being to recognize that tones have meanings derived from two functions: firstly to indicate the distribution of knowledge between speaker and listener--the analysis of tone in yes/no…

Beaken, Mike

2009-01-01

272

Cowboy and misanthrope: a critical (discourse) analysis of Bush and bin Laden cartoons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article investigates the political cartoon construction of two major `players' on the contemporary political stage, and the semio-linguistic and visual rhetorical tools used to achieve this construction, through an analysis of semiotic-discursive aspects of a small corpus of political cartoons in English and Arabic, all about the two `players' — George W. Bush and Osama bin Laden — in

Bahaa-Eddin M. Mazid

2008-01-01

273

Flowing Toward Correct Contributions During Group Problem Solving: A Statistical Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groups that created more correct ideas (correct contributions or CCs) might be more likely to solve a problem, and students' recent actions (micro-time context) might aid CC creation. 80 high school students worked in groups of 4 on an algebra problem. Groups with higher mathematics grades or more CCs were more likely to solve the problem. Dynamic multilevel analysis statistically

Ming Ming Chiu

2008-01-01

274

Discourse analysis of logical memory recall in normal aging and in dementia of the Alzheimer type  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the nature of errors in prose recall made in dementia compared with normal aging. Responses by 48 young adults, 47 nondemented older adults, and 70 people with very mild or mild Alzheimer's disease to the Logical Memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale were examined in a propositional analysis. Compared with young adults, healthy older adults showed

David K. Johnson; Martha Storandt; David A. Balota

2003-01-01

275

The Discourse of Retrospective Miscue Analysis: Links with Adult Learning Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the appropriateness of retrospective miscue analysis (RMA) for post-secondary developmental readers through the perspective of adult learning theory. Emphasizes the suitability of RMA as an instructional strategy for college readers through analyzing the process and effectiveness of two RMA sessions with a young adult college…

Paulson, Eric

2001-01-01

276

The Main Concept Analysis in Cantonese Aphasic Oral Discourse: External Validation and Monitoring Chronic Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The 1st aim of this study was to further establish the external validity of the main concept (MC) analysis by examining its relationship with the Cantonese Linguistic Communication Measure (CLCM; Kong, 2006; Kong & Law, 2004)--an established quantitative system for narrative production--and the Cantonese version of the Western Aphasia…

Kong, Anthony Pak-Hin

2011-01-01

277

An analysis of the public discourse about urban sprawl in the United ...  

Treesearch

... analysis of public discussion contained in the news media from 1995-2001. ... space and traffic problems has increased since 1995 as a share of all sprawl concerns. ... change in public attitudes about a wide range of social issues over time.

278

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

279

Measuring Discourse-Level Processes with Verbal Protocols and Latent Semantic Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study used latent semantic analysis (LSA) to analyze verbal protocols that were collected while participants read expository passages. In the study, participants were asked to type their thoughts after reading each sentence of 2 scientific texts. The semantic similarity between the protocols and the current sentence and prior causal…

Millis, Keith; Magliano, Joseph; Todaro, Stacey

2006-01-01

280

Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to probe for ideological construction of racism imbricated within the structure of newspaper reporting. The study focuses on news reports relating to a Vietnamese gang in Australia whose violent and drug-dealing activities have received publicity in two Sydney-based newspapers: The Sydney Morning Herald and The Daily Telegraph. The analysis of these reports adheres to

PETER TEO

2000-01-01

281

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper…

Hill, Steven G.; Cable, Ted T.; Scott, David

2010-01-01

282

Wildlife-Based Recreation as Economic Windfall: A Rhetorical Analysis of Public Discourse on Birding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symbolic convergence theory posits that groups of like-minded people use linguistic symbols to construct a shared reality and form rhetorical visions (ways of viewing and communicating about an issue). To see how rhetorical visions might help shape public tourism policy, the authors used fantasy theme analysis to examine 206 Kansas newspaper articles dealing with birding, an increasingly popular form of

Steven G. Hill; Ted T. Cable; David Scott

2010-01-01

283

Some historical relationships between science and technology with implications for behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

The relationship between science and technology is examined in terms of some implications for behavior analysis. Problems result when this relationship is seen as one in which science generally begets technology in a one-way, or hierarchical, relationship. These problems are not found when the relationship between science and technology is seen as two-way, or symmetrical, within a larger context of relationships. Some historical examples are presented. Collectively, these and other examples in the references weaken the case for a prevailing one-way, hierarchical relationship and strengthen the case for a two-way, symmetrical relationship. In addition to being more accurate historically, the symmetrical relationship is also more consistent with the principles of behavior analysis.

Moxley, Roy A.

1989-01-01

284

The Limits of “The Male Sex Role”An Analysis of the Men's Liberation and Men's Rights Movements' Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some feminists have seen sex role theory as limited, even dangerous; others see it as useful mid-range theory. This article sheds light on this debate through an examination of the discourse of the men's liberation movement of the 1970s. Men's liberation leaders grappled with the paradox of simultaneously acknowledging men's institutional privileges and the costs of masculinity to men. The

MICHAEL A. MESSNER

1998-01-01

285

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

286

Teachers in the news: a critical analysis of one US newspaper's discourse on education, 2006–2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative professionals at the center of educational reform debates. Mainstream news media is a key

Jennifer L. Cohen

2010-01-01

287

Teachers in the News: A Critical Analysis of One US Newspaper's Discourse on Education, 2006-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public education discourse in the USA has been characterized by messages of crisis shaping education policies across national contexts. Education policy solutions target a lack of qualified teachers and insufficient oversight of teacher practice as central factors in the crisis, placing teacher identity as knowledgeable, authoritative…

Cohen, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

288

Participation in Knowledge-Building Discourse: An Analysis of Online Discussions in Mainstream and Honours Social Studies Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Questions about the suitability of cognitively-oriented instructional approaches for students of different academic levels are frequently raised by teachers and researchers. This study examined student participation in knowledge-building discourse in two implementations of a short inquiry unit focusing on environmental problems. Participants in…

Niu, Hui; van Aalst, Jan

2009-01-01

289

Icelandic Nationalism and the Kyoto Protocol: an Analysis of the Discourse on Global Environmental Change in Iceland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the discourse on global environmental change in Iceland in official reports and newspaper discussions around the turn of the millennium. Three competing discursive positions were found. First, Iceland can provide clean energy for the world so that aluminium smelters do not need to burn as much fossil fuels as they would have to do otherwise. Second, Iceland

INGÓlfur Ásgeir Jóhannesson

2005-01-01

290

Higher Education Financial Perspective amidst Crisis: A Historical Analysis of Public Opinion through Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student: Varun Vasudeo\\u000aFaculty Sponsor: Dr Kathleen P King, Professor, Higher Education, COE, ACHE Department\\u000a \\u000aAbstract\\u000aTitle- Higher Education Financial Perspective amidst Crisis: A Historical Analysis of Public Opinion through Social Media\\u000aPurpose - To identify, collect and analyze a higher education trend in images by collecting results from different search engines and graphing the trend due to economic recession

Varun Vasudeo; Kathleen K King

2011-01-01

291

The historical context of G. Stanley Hall's Adolescence (1904).  

PubMed

G. Stanley Hall's magnum opus, Adolescence, published in 1904 in two hefty volumes I herein submit to historical analysis. I am concerned with how it did "fit" into the notions and practices of the larger culture as well as into the discourses of science and of child nurture of that time. There is plenty of evidence of Hall's ethnic, racial, and gender attitudes as expressed in the book being typical of the white, Anglo-Saxon Protestant middle class stratum to which he belonged. His discussions of the extant discourses of science and of child nurture show a man quite conversant with these discourses, and not merely in American and British, but also in French and German publications as well. Probably any book, idea, or historical circumstance or phenomenon is chiefly a historical artifact, and we should not bend it much to "prove" that it is in any important sense a part of a different age. It is one thing to say that a certain idea has a contemporary resonance; to claim there is a straight line from it to today is problematic and meaningless. PMID:17153142

Cravens, Hamilton

2006-08-01

292

“Earthquake!” The Use of Historic Felt Reports in Seismology. Their Application in the Analysis of the New Madrid Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of felt reports in seismology was common in the era before instrumentation. Early scientists relied on written reports of seismic events to locate and judge their severity. Early earthquake catalogs were basic historic chronologies of events backed by written reports. With the advent of modern instrumentation the use of historic sources for the analysis of earthquakes has fallen by the wayside. Modern seismologists rarely refer to historic sources and if they do have to use them they do so with caution due to their lack of knowledge of the use and analysis of historic sources. In the case of the New Madrid earthquakes the use of these sources is crucial for the understanding of them and in conjunction with more modern seismological techniques a method of gaining further understanding about them. The use of historical research methods can uncover further evidence about the earthquakes and even more crucially help to judge if these sources can be reliably used. Source information from the historic method has to be analyzed for its accuracy and importance before its use. What would be useful to a seismologist as information might be irrelevant to a historian or the reverse might be true as well. Basic historic research methods such as bibliographic and archival searching combined with databasing of information can yield new information that previously would have been undetected or understood. Historic research maxims such as the use of primary source material that was created as soon as possible after the event in question can help to sort out the quality of information and its utility. Background research on the sources uncovered reveals if the source information is accurate or valid to the event being researched. Misuse of historic research can lead to inaccurate analysis of historic seismic events based on incorrect data. If historic data is used properly and with a contextual basis it then can be a solid source of data for the analysis of pre instrumental earthquakes.

Moran, N. K.; Johnston, A. C.

2009-12-01

293

Discourse research in Colombia: developing a methodological approach to media discourse about poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to present an approach to discourse studies in Colombia. It provides a critical reflection on the ways discourse analysis is carried out and on the procedures structuring the interpretation of socio-cultural problems in order to establish their particularities and implications for Colombia. In addition, the paper illustrates the analytical procedures by applying them to some of the

Neyla Graciela Pardo Abril

2010-01-01

294

How change management is influenced by differences in professional discourses: A preliminary conceptualizing study on the adoption of an ICT tool for service engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the discourse analysis of one intervention moment of an organizational change processes due to technological evolutions. This discourse analysis is part of a qualitative case study and suggests that community-specific differences in discourse may have a considerable influence on the success of this organizational change process. The discrepancy between (change) management discourse and work floor discourse in

Jos Pieterse; Jan Ulijn; Thijs Homan

2010-01-01

295

Quantitative characterisation of historic paper using THz spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

THz spectroscopy in the time domain was explored in combination with multivariate data analysis, for quantitative determination of chemical and mechanical properties of historic paper, such as lignin content, tensile strength, and ash content. Using partial least squares (PLS) regression, it was shown that quantitative prediction of the material properties is possible, which indicates the potential of THz spectroscopy for chemical characterisation of complex organic materials of natural origin. In addition, the results demonstrate that THz spectra and PLS loading weights for lignin content differ significantly, which leads to the conclusion that THz spectra of composite macromolecular materials do not represent sums of spectra of the individual components. This supports the premise that THz spectra reflect intermolecular interactions. The study was carried out using 250 historical paper samples from the sixteenth century to present. Although the measurements were performed in vacuum to improve the quality of spectra, THz spectroscopy is in principle non-destructive. This research therefore reinforces the role of THz spectroscopy in characterisation of valuable historic materials, where invasive analysis is often not possible.

Trafela, Tanja; Mizuno, Maya; Fukunaga, Kaori; Strli?, Matija

2013-04-01

296

Meteorological analysis and historical perspective of the 1999--2005 Canadian Prairie drought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Drought is a complex natural hazard which is endemic to the Canadian Prairies. The 1999--2005 Canadian Prairie drought, which had great socio-economic impacts, was meteorologically unique in that it did not conform to traditional persistent ridging paradigms normally associated with Prairie drought. The purpose of this study is to diagnose the unique synoptic-scale mechanisms that lead to the subsidence in this drought. Using 30-day running means of percent of normal precipitation from station data, we identify key severe dry periods in 1999--2005. Analysis of the mean fields from reanalysis data shows that these dry events are associated with combinations of larger scale subsidence mechanisms of anticyclonic vorticity advection and cold air advection, along with the smaller scale subsidence mechanism of downslope flow. A brief historical perspective shows that the drought was centred in 2001--2002 and was not as severe as historical droughts, suggesting the increased vulnerability of society.

Hryciw, Lisa

297

A Historical Analysis of the Relationship Between Rice Production and PDSI Values in Sri Lanka  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As world population grows, there are ever increasing demands being placed on the food production systems throughout the world. Climate change is complicating these stressors even further through more frequent severe weather events. In the developing world, where there are fewer resources to mitigate the effects of climate change, the combination of these two factors can have drastic consequences. In Sri Lanka, farmers in major rice production areas of the country are already struggling to produce enough rice, a staple food of the local diet, and a severe wet or dry spell could be ruinous. Faced with a changing climate and a growing demand for rice, it is important to be able to anticipate how climatic changes will affect rice production. By examining how extreme wet and dry spells have historically affected rice production, decision makers may be better able to predict and prepare for potential food shortages. We conducted an analysis of historic temperature, precipitation, and rice production statistics in order to determine the effects of extreme wet and dry spells on rice production. We also created a timeline of major developments in Sri Lankan agriculture in order to compare effects on rice production due to changes in agricultural practices with meteorological changes. Historical temperature and precipitation data were used to calculate the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for a number of stations distributed throughout the Mahaweli river basin. The basin, the largest in the country, contains three different climatic regions - dry, intermediate, and wet - that all receive different amounts of annual precipitation. The PDSI values were used to quantify drought and wetness during the Yala (April-September) and Maha (October-March) growing seasons. Analysis of historical PDSI values, agricultural advances, and rice production statistics shows great promise for anticipating and mitigating future food shortages.

Jacobi, J. H.; Hornberger, G. M.

2011-12-01

298

A Declaration on Learning--A Commentary Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper subjects "A Declaration on Learning" published in the UK in 2000 to a critical review. A brief synopsis of the text is followed by a commentary discourse drawing upon critical discourse analysis (Fairclough 2001) and incorporating meta content analysis, rhetorical analysis and genre analysis. Conclusions are drawn related to the…

Walton, John S.

2005-01-01

299

Geomorphic change detection using historic maps and DEM differencing: The temporal dimension of geospatial analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to develop spatially distributed models of topographic change is presenting new capabilities in geomorphic research. High resolution maps of elevation change indicate locations, processes, and rates of geomorphic change, and provide a means of calibrating temporal simulation models. Methods of geomorphic change detection (GCD), based on gridded models, may be applied to a wide range of time periods by utilizing cartometric, remote sensing, or ground-based topographic survey data to measure volumetric change. Advantages and limitations of historical DEM reconstruction methods are reviewed with a focus on coupling them with subsequent DEMs to construct DEMs of difference (DoD), which can be created by subtracting one elevation model from another, to map erosion, deposition, and volumetric change. The period of DoD analysis can be extended to several decades if accurate historical DEMs can be generated by extracting topographic data from historical data and selecting areas where geomorphic change has been substantial. The challenge is to recognize and minimize uncertainties in data that are particularly elusive with early topographic data. This paper reviews potential sources of error in digitized topographic maps and DEMs. Although the paper is primarily a review of methods, three brief examples are presented at the end to demonstrate GCD using DoDs constructed from data extending over periods ranging from 70 to 90 years.

James, L. Allan; Hodgson, Michael E.; Ghoshal, Subhajit; Latiolais, Mary Megison

2012-01-01

300

Untying Leifer's discourse on order and power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neo-realists often appeal to a presumed unity and harmony in political realism. This imagined wholeness, with a modest allowance for diversity, conveniently ignores the ambivalent and contradictory aspects of realist discourse. Why this is so has to do with the rationalist–positivist commitment to the notion that some deep structure that is autonomous, objective, extra-historical and extra-political underlies and unifies the

See Seng Tan

2005-01-01

301

Designing Multimedia: Seven Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes that new design discourses are necessary if interactive learning resources are to effectively combine the skills of all members of the development team. As educational products take shape, there are numerous discourses between members of the team that lead to the development of an effective interactive resource. This paper…

Hedberg, John

2004-01-01

302

One sense per discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well-known that there are polysemous words like appears two or more times in a well-written discourse, it is extremely likely that they will all share the same sense. This paper describes an experiment which confirmed this hypothesis and found that the tendency to share sense in the same discourse is extremely strong (98%). This result can be used

William A. Gale; Kenneth W. Church; David Yarowsky

1992-01-01

303

Discourses of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lecture discusses the concept of lifestyle, which emerged in the field of marketing in the 1970s, as a new, and increasingly pervasive, discourse of identity cutting through older "demographic" discourses. Distributed by mediated experts and role models, and realized through the semiotics of "composites of connotation", it redraws the…

Van Leeuwen, Theo

2009-01-01

304

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: Discourses of rights and empowerment vs discourses of control and exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competing discourses of HIV\\/AIDS circulating in sub-Saharan Africa are identified. These are medical, medico-moral, developmental (distinguishing between 'women in development' and gender and development perspectives), legal, ethical, and the rights discourse of groups living with HIV\\/AIDS and of African pressure groups. The analytical framework is that of discourse analysis as exemplified by Michel Foucault. The medical and medico-moral are

Gill Seidel

1993-01-01

305

Lesbian classics in Germany? A film historical analysis of Mädchen in Uniform (1931 and 1958).  

PubMed

The films Mädchen in Uniform (Leontine Sagan, 1931, Germany; Géza von Radványi, 1958, Germany) both tell the story of a schoolgirl falling in love with her teacher at a Prussian boarding school. Whereas the 1931 version is regarded as a lesbian classic in queer (German) cinema, the 1958 remake, however, is not even considered part of the lesbian genre. The following analysis examines both films within their historical context to answer the question what makes Mädchen in Uniform (1931) a lesbian film and why the remake did not measure up to its original's significance. PMID:22702382

Mayer, Veronika

2012-01-01

306

Meeting the health and social needs of pregnant asylum seekers, midwifery students' perspectives: part 1; dominant discourses and midwifery students.  

PubMed

Current literature has indicated a concern about standards of maternity care experienced by pregnant women who are seeking asylum. As the next generation of midwives, it is important that students are educated in a way that prepares them to effectively care for these women. To understand how this can be achieved, it is important to explore what asylum seeking means to midwifery students. This article is the first of three parts and reports on one objective from a wider doctorate study. It identifies dominant discourses that influenced the perceptions of a group of midwifery students' about the pregnant asylum seeking woman. The study was designed from a social constructivist perspective, with contextual knowledge being constructed by groups of people, influenced by underpinning dominant discourses, depending on their social, cultural and historical positions in the world. In a United Kingdom University setting, during year two of a pre-registration midwifery programme, eleven midwifery students participated in the study. Two focus group interviews using a problem based learning scenario as a trigger for discussion were conducted. In addition, three students were individually interviewed to explore issues in more depth and two students' written reflections on practice were used to generate data. Following a critical discourse analysis, dominant discourses were identified which appeared to influence the way in which asylum seekers were perceived. The findings suggested an underpinning ideology around the asylum seeker being different and of a criminal persuasion. Although the pregnant woman seeking asylum was considered as deserving of care, the same discourses appeared to influence the way in which she was constructed. However, as the study progressed, through reading alternative sources of literature, some students appeared to question these discourses. These findings have implications for midwifery education in encouraging students to challenge negative discourses and construct positive perceptions of asylum seeking. PMID:22698756

Haith-Cooper, Melanie; Bradshaw, Gwendolen

2012-06-13

307

Beyond Advertising and Journalism: Hybrid Promotional News Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to show the usefulness of an expanded version of Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis approach, i.e. an approach that combines text analysis with an analysis of discourse processes in studying text production and interpretation, and also incorporates ethnographic methods, in this case, participant observation and interviews. This expanded approach was checked in the study of

Karmen Erjavec

2004-01-01

308

[Micro and nondestructive analysis of blue dyes from silk fabrics and decorative painting of historic building].  

PubMed

Dye analysis is important to the understanding of fabric color degradation and technical development of ancient printing and dyeing. In the present study, thin layer chromatography and Raman spectroscopy were used for the analysis of blue dyes from 6 silk fabric of Tang dynasty and decorative painting of Jian Fu Gong, Forbidden City. The applicability of these two methods in the cultural heritages was also studied. The results indicate that all these blue substances are indigo; indigo was not only used as dye in ancient fabrics, but also as pigment in decorative painting of historic building, so it is used widely. Both analytic methods have advantages and disadvantages; Raman spectroscopy is nondestructive analysis; thin layer chromatography needs small amount of sample, but could give more information. PMID:21322217

Zhang, Xiao-Mei; Wei, Xi-Ning; Lei, Yong; Cheng, Xiao-Lin; Zhou, Yang

2010-12-01

309

Application of LC-MS to the analysis of dyes in objects of historical interest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array and mass spectrometric detection permits dyes extracted from objects of historical interest or from natural plant or animal dyestuffs to be characterized on the basis of three orthogonal properties: HPLC retention time, UV-visible spectrum and molecular mass. In the present study, we have focused primarily on yellow dyes, the bulk of which are flavonoid glycosides that would be almost impossible to characterize without mass spectrometric detection. Also critical for this analysis is a method for mild extraction of the dyes from objects (e.g., textiles) without hydrolyzing the glycosidic linkages. This was accomplished using 5% formic acid in methanol, rather than the more traditional 6 M HCl. Mass spectroscopy, besides providing the molecular mass of the dye molecule, sometimes yields additional structural data based on fragmentation patterns. In addition, coeluting compounds can often be detected using extracted ion chromatography. The utility of mass spectrometry is illustrated by the analysis of historical specimens of silk that had been dyed yellow with flavonoid glycosides from Sophora japonica (pagoda tree) and curcumins from Curcuma longa (turmeric). In addition, we have used these techniques to identify the dye type, and sometimes the specific dyestuff, in a variety of objects, including a yellow varnish from a 19th century Tibetan altar and a 3000-year-old wool mortuary textiles, from Xinjiang, China. We are using HPLC with diode array and mass spectrometric detection to create a library of analyzed dyestuffs (>200 so far; mostly plants) to serve as references for identification of dyes in objects of historical interest.

Zhang, Xian; Laursen, Richard

2009-07-01

310

Meteorological analysis and historical perspective of the 1999-2005 Canadian Prairie drought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Drought is a complex natural hazard that is endemic to the Canadian Prairies. The 1999-2005 Canadian Prairie drought, which had great socio-economic impacts, was meteorologically unique in that it did not conform to traditional persistent ridging paradigms normally associated with Prairie drought. The purpose of this study is to diagnose the unique synoptic-scale mechanisms that led to the subsidence in this drought. Using 30-day running means of percent of normal precipitation from 33 meteorological stations in the affected Canadian Prairie region, we identify 10 particularly key severe 30-day dry periods during the 1999-2005 period. Analysis of the mean fields from global and regional reanalysis data show that these dry events are associated with combinations of larger scale subsidence mechanisms of anticyclonic vorticity advection and cold air advection, along with the smaller scale subsidence mechanism of downslope flow. A detailed analysis of each 30-day period, partitioned by the dominant subsidence mechanism, reveals only a weak association with teleconnection indices as the PNA, or with ENSO. A brief historical perspective shows that the drought was centered in 2001-2002 and was not as severe as historical droughts, suggesting an increasing vulnerability of society.

Gyakum, J. R.; Hryciw, L.

2010-12-01

311

Addressing Corporate Ties to Slavery: Corporate Apologia in a Discourse of Reconciliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pressured by activists to take responsibility, American corporations recently found themselves in the spotlight for their past ties to slavery. Responding to the issue, they stepped into a complex discourse of reconciliation. Taking a rhetorical approach, this article analyzes the response of Aetna Inc. It explores how corporate rhetoric functions within present discourses about historical injustices and illustrates that Aetna's

Claudia I. Janssen

2012-01-01

312

The Role of Gender in Making Meaning of Texts: Bodies, Discourses, and Ways of Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies on gender discourses in classrooms have specifically examined how students negotiate their individual gender identities while disregarding their lived realities within a historical context. Nevertheless, although it is difficult and uncomfortable for them, students' responses to discussing gender reveal that the discourse positively…

Bender-Slack, Delane

2009-01-01

313

A Legal Discourse Community: Text Centered and Interdisciplinary in Social and Political Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews recent studies of legal discourse and nonacademic writing and presents the results of a historical case study on an environmental public policy. Finds that a dynamic discourse community changed writing roles among government employees, lay members of the audience, and water pollution control board members. States that controversial…

Griggs, Karen

1996-01-01

314

Constructing Czechoslovakia: the meaning of "intelligence" in Czechoslovak educational discourse, 1900-1939.  

PubMed

Before World War II, Czechoslovakia went through its constituting process, including the development of an educational system. We made an analysis of Czechoslovak discussions about educational uses of intelligence tests from a discourse-theoretic and social constructionist perspective. In particular, we examined which connotations became associated with the concept "intelligence" in educational scientific publications about possible educational uses of the newly introduced tests in the years 1900-1939. Results substantiate the inextricable entwining of the meaning of "intelligence" with the unique characteristics of the historical situation in Czechoslovakia before World War II. PMID:15635700

Lepková, Katerina; Heyting, Frieda; Mulder, Ernst

2005-01-01

315

Science Pedagogy as a Category of Historical Analysis: Past, Present, and Future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historical studies of science pedagogy have flourished in recent years. This essay offers an assessment of the literature on science pedagogy from the 1930s to the present. It argues that rather than focusing on the work of Thomas Kuhn and Michel Foucault, historians of science pedagogy could with profit turn to the work of Ludwik Fleck. Fleck offers three categories of historical analysis - experience, sensation, and cognition - that are embedded in science pedagogy. He furthermore argues unequivocally for the central importance of considering the cultural context of science pedagogy. Fleck’s interpretation of the role of publishing in science is used in the final section of this essay to assess scientific publishing and textbook culture, topics that are the principal concern of the articles in this volume. Among the novelties of the articles in this volume on textbooks are (1) the connections they draw between textbooks and social structure; (2) the relationships they suggest between textbooks and the public sphere; and (3) their identification of the eighteenth century as the crucial transformative century in textbook production.

Olesko, Kathryn M.

2006-11-01

316

Social aspects of classroom learning: Results of a discourse analysis in an inquiry-oriented physical chemistry class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engaging students in classroom discourse offers opportunities for students to participate in the construction of joint understandings, to negotiate relationships between different types of evidence, and to practice making evidence-based claims about science content. However, close attention to social aspects of learning is critical to creating inquiry-oriented classroom environments in which students learn with understanding. This study examined the social influences that contribute to classroom learning in an inquiry-oriented undergraduate physical chemistry class using the Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) approach. A qualitative approach to analyzing classroom discourse derived from Toulmin's (1968) model of argumentation was used to document patterns in classroom reasoning that reflect normative aspects of social interaction. Adapting the constructs of social and sociomathematical norms from the work of Yackel and Cobb (1996), I describe social aspects of the classroom environment by discussing normative aspects of social interaction (social norms) and discipline-specific criteria related to reasoning and justification in chemistry contexts, referred to here as sociochemical norms. This work discusses four social norms and two sociochemical norms that were documented over a five-week period of observation in Dr. Black's POGIL physical chemistry class. In small group activities, the socially established expectations that students explain reasoning, negotiate understandings of terminology and symbolic representations, and arrive at a consensus on critical thinking questions shaped small group interactions and reasoning. In whole class discussion, there was an expectation that students share reasoning with the class, and that the instructor provide feedback on student reasoning in ways that extended student contributions and elaborated relationships between macroscopic, particulate, and symbolic-level ideas. The ways in which the class constructed evidence-based claims about chemistry content reflected the influence of sociochemical norms that were enacted through classroom discourse. Two sociochemical norms were documented in both whole class and small group activities: first, the class used particulate-level evidence to make claims about chemical and physical properties; second, particular ways of using mathematical reasoning to justify claims about thermodynamics content became normative for the class. These similarities and differences between social and sociochemical norms in small group and whole class discussion highlight ways in which instructor facilitation can support productive interactions in classroom activities.

Becker, Nicole M.

317

Teachers and public engagement: an argument for rethinking teacher professionalism to challenge deficit discourses in the public sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of public debates on teacher quality, both media and education policy texts construct deficit discourses about teachers, discourses that work together to inform public, commonsense understandings of teacher quality. This paper explores the interrelationships between discourses on teachers constructed on television and in policies in the Australian policy context. Critical discourse analysis was employed to trace the

Sue Thomas

2011-01-01

318

Science learning in the context of discourse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original article by Kamberelis and Wehunt (2012) discusses an interesting and important research subject in science education as it focus on classroom interactions and the characteristics of the discourse production of interlocutors. The authors start from the premise that discourse heterogeneity is constitutive of social activities, which is supported by others like Mikhail Bakhtin (Speech genres and other late essays. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981) and Erving Goffman (Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harper and Row, London, 1974). They also present the definitions of three key elements that organize hybrid discourse: (a) lamination of multiple cultural frames, (b) shifting relations between people and their discourse, and (c) shifting power relations between people. Finally, the authors analyze how these three elements organize students' science discourse in the classroom and how it contributes to the creation of a micro-community of practice capable of helping the emergence of a disciplinary knowledge that is legitimized by and strengthens the identity of the group. In the present commentary, I discuss how Michael Foucault's (1970) concept of discursive procedure may help us to analyze the (often neglected) teacher's role in the development of hybrid discourse practices.

do Nascimento, Silvania Sousa

2013-06-01

319

The Inequity in Illinois School Finance. An Analysis of: The Current Situation, the Historical Record, and Alternative Solutions. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides an analysis of current inequities in school finance in Illinois, the historical roots of those inequities, and an analysis of alternative options for funding primary and secondary education. An introduction briefly describes the basis for the constitutional challenge to the current funding system. The next section describes…

Hess, G. Alfred, Jr.; And Others

320

Discourse analysis of newspaper coverage of the 2001/2002 Canterbury, New Zealand mental health nurses' strike.  

PubMed

In late 2001 Canterbury, New Zealand mental health nurses undertook a variety of strike actions after stalled industrial negotiations with the local district health board. One response to these actions was the temporary reduction of many of the regions metal health services. Unsurprisingly, the print media responded by publicizing the crisis in mental health services on an almost daily basis. This paper reports on subsequent research into these print media representations of the industrial disputes, identifying themes of juxtaposed but largely deprecatory images of both mental health nursing and of consumers of services. Some professional nursing voices were given print space during the strike; however, these were largely incorporated into existing discourses rather than offering a nursing viewpoint on the strike. We, therefore, conclude by suggesting organizational efforts to focus on ways of ensuring that mental health nurses are seen as a legitimate authority by the media. PMID:16181156

Farrow, Tony L; O'Brien, Anthony J

2005-09-01

321

Historical Analysis and Charaterization of Ground Level Ozone for Canada and United State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ground-level ozone has long been recognized as an important health and ecosystem-related air quality concern in Canada and the United States. In this work we seek to understand the characteristics of ground level ozone conditions for Canada and United States to support the Ozone Annex under the Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement. Our analyses are based upon the data collected by Canadian National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS, the NAPS database has also been expanded to include U.S. EPA ground level ozone data) network. Historical ozone data from 1974 to 2002 at a total of 538 stations (253 Canadian stations and 285 U.S. stations) were statistically analyzed using several methodologies including the Canada Wide Standard (CWS). A more detailed analysis including hourly, daily, monthly, seasonally and yearly ozone concentration distributions and trends was undertaken for 54 stations.

Lin, H.; Li, H.; Auld, H.

2003-12-01

322

Object-oriented analysis of multi-temporal panchromatic images for creation of historical landslide inventories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Object-oriented analysis (OOA) has been demonstrated to produce more accurate results than pixel-based image processing. Studies carried out by previous researchers have shown how landslide inventories can be prepared from multispectral satellite images using OOA. However, panchromatic images are frequently the only data available after a landslide event. Furthermore, preparation of historical inventories relies on the analysis of satellite images and aerial photographs acquired over past few decades that are also mostly only available in black and white. In such cases the methodology developed using multispectral data cannot be used directly due to limited spectral information, in particular in near-infrared bands. In this paper we present a new methodology that addresses some of these issues. Using high resolution panchromatic images from Cartosat-1 (2.5 m) and IRS-1D (5.8 m), and a 10 m gridded DTM extracted from Cartosat-1, we developed a new approach which uses change detection techniques and a global contextual criteria in an object-based environment to detect and classify landslides into five different types. Continuous time series images from 1998 to 2006 were used to prepare annual landslide inventories in a highly rugged Himalayan terrain. The maximum and minimum detection percentages achieved for all landslides are 96.7% and 71.5%, respectively, with corresponding quality percentages of 88.1% and 55.3%, respectively. However, the lack of spectral information proved to be a hurdle resulting in a high branching factor that indicates that further work is required to eliminate false positives. Nevertheless, the method was able to create much needed historical landslide inventories, which are critical for landslide hazard and risk assessment studies.

Martha, Tapas R.; Kerle, Norman; van Westen, Cees J.; Jetten, Victor; Vinod Kumar, K.

2012-01-01

323

Discourses of Exclusion: Sexuality Education's Silencing of Sexual Others  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article begins with a broad historical overview detailing how school-based sexuality education has been taught from a specific kind of heterosexual perspective that has excluded lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-identified (LGBTQ) students as well as heterosexual students who do not fall along culturally dominant heterosexual lines. To illustrate such exclusionary sexuality education, we examine the discourses of exclusion

John P. Elia; Mickey Eliason

2010-01-01

324

`We are Dealing with People Whose Origins One can Clearly Tell Just by Looking': Critical Discourse Analysis and the Study of Neo-Racism in Contemporary Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the discourse of neo-racism towards foreigners in Austria between 1989 and 1991. It summarizes the preliminary results of an ongoing interdisciplinary project, and offers illustrative examples of official discourse (politicians), newspaper texts and anonymous conversations on the street recorded during the Waldheim campaign of 1987 and the Viennese municipal election of 1991. The study suggests that

Ruth Wodak; Bernd Matouschek

1993-01-01

325

Educational Policy-Making in Post-Communist Ukraine as an Example of Emerging Governmentality: Discourse Analysis of Curriculum Choice and Assessment Policy Documents (1999-2003)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy-making in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is still building upon the ambivalences and uncertainties of post-communist transformation. The international support, expertise and discourses--coupled with communist legacies, stalled democratic developments and national discourses--produce unique effects on education in…

Fimyar, Olena

2008-01-01

326

Once Upon a Time there was a Nation: Narrative Conceptualization Analysis. The Concept of ‘Nation’ in the Discourse of Israeli Likud Party Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I claim that some of the miscommunications between political and academic discourse are caused by differences in constructing key concepts. I suggest that, whereas academic discourse tends to use ‘stable concepts’ in which the ‘signifier’ of the concept links constantly with a timeless ‘signified’, politicians tend to use ‘narrative concepts’, which are special signs in which the

Shaul Shenhav

2004-01-01

327

Informational database methodology for urban risk analysis.Case study: the historic centre of Bucharest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The urban environment often deals with issues concerning the deterioration of the constructed space and the quality of the environmental factors, in general terms meaning an unsatisfactory quality of life. Taking into account the complexity of the urban environment and the strong human impact, this ambience can be considered the ideal place for a varied range of risks to appear, being favoured by the external interventions and the dynamics of the internal changes that occur in the urban system, often unexpectedly. In this context, historic centre areas are even more vulnerable because of the age of the buildings and their socio-cultural value. The present study focuses on the development of a rapid assessment system of urban risks, putting emphasis on earthquakes. The importance of the study is shown by the high vulnerability that defines urban settlements, which can be considered socio-ecological systems characterized by a maximum risk level. In general, cities are highly susceptible areas because of their compactness and elevated degree of land occupancy, the Bucharest municipality being no exception. The street and sewerage networks disorganized the natural system resulted from the evolution of the lake-river system in Superior Pleistocene-Holocene and the intense construction activity represents a pressure that hasn't been measured and that is in need for a methodological interdisciplinary approach. In particular, the specific of Bucharest is given by the seismic risk based on an explosive urban evolution and the advanced state of degradation of the buildings. In this context, the Lipscani sector from the historic centre of the capital city is a maximum seismic vulnerability area, this being the result of its location in the Dâmbovita River meadow, on the brow and 80 m terrace, but more precisely because of the degradation of the buildings that cumulated the effects of the repeated earthquakes. The historic centre of Bucharest has not only a cultural function, but is also a very populated area, this being factors that favour a high susceptibility level. In addition, the majority of the buildings are included in the first and second categories of seismic risk, being built between 1875 and 1940, the age of the buildings establishing an increased vulnerability to natural hazards. The methodology was developed through the contribution of three partner universities from Bucharest: the University of Bucharest, the Academy for Economic Studies and the Technical University of Constructions. The method suggested was based on the analysis and processing of digital and statistical spatial information resulted from 1:500 topographical plans, satellite pictures, archives and historical maps used for the identification of the age of the buildings. Also, an important stage was represented by the field investigations that resulted with the data used in the assessment of the buildings: year of construction, location and vicinity, height, number of floors, state and function of the building, equipment and construction type. The information collected from the field together with the data resulted from the digitization of the ortophotoplans were inserted in ArcGIS in order to compile the database. Furthermore, the team from the Cybernetics Faculty developed a special software package in Visual Studio and SQL server in order to insert the sheets in GIS so that they could be statistically processed. The final product of the study is a program that includes as main functions editing, the analysis based on selected factors (individual or group) and viewing of building information in the shape of maps or 3D visualization. The strengths of the informational system resulted are given by the extended range of applicability, the short processing period, accessibility, capacity of support for a large amount of information and, thus, standing out as an adequate instrument to fit the needs of a susceptible population.

Armas, I.; Dumitrascu, S.

2009-04-01

328

The Discourses of OERs: How "Flat" Is This World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes Critical Discourse Analysis (Fairclough, 2000) as a tool for identifying the various discourses that can be found in the provision of open educational resources. The argument will be built upon the concept of a "flat world", a powerful metaphor used by Friedman in his famous book "The World is Flat" (2005). The discussion…

dos Santos, Andreia Inamorato

2008-01-01

329

Why does informed consent fail? A discourse analytic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed consent often fails to meet the intended goals that a prospective subject should understand fully and choose autonomously to participate in research. The current study is an attempt to understand such failures by applying linguistic methods of discourse analysis to the transcripts of informed consent interviews. Elements of conversation and of the frame of discourse were analyzed to understand

David E. Ness; Scott F. Kiesling; Charles W. Lidz

2009-01-01

330

Power-Discourse Relationship in a Croatian Higher Education Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the public space of Croatian higher education through a critical analysis of the discourse of a Croatian faculty revealed through the minutes of two faculty council meetings. Both meetings' minutes provide evidence of discourse strategies of deception used by faculty power holders to create an illusion of consent. Also explores…

Fox, Renata; Fox, John

2002-01-01

331

Opposition in Modern Greek discourse: cultural and contextual constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates opposition strategies in three contexts: (1) conversation in Greek among family members, (2) a conversation in Greek among friends, and (3) classroom discourse by Greeks in English, using tape-recorded data. The study operates within an interactional sociolinguistic framework of discourse analysis and analyzes strategies that fall in the middle of a continuum that ranges from aggravation to

Christina Kakava

2002-01-01

332

Speaking of "Disorderly" Objects: A Poetics of Pedagogical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To interrogate pedagogical discourses relating to child behaviour as "practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak" this paper features the analysis of three texts through the development and deployment of what might be called a poetics of pedagogical discourse. The principal text is a statement describing "problematic"…

Graham, Linda J.

2007-01-01

333

Discourse Factors in the Evaluation of Language Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Features of connected discourse that have been identified by discourse analysis may be applied to the evaluation of oral proficiency in a second language. For example, in the area of semantics, a speaker's control of the cause-result relationship involves, among other things, the ability to produce the different grammatical and lexical…

Litteral, Robert

334

Using Simple Statistical Analysis of Historical Data to Understand Wind Ramp Events  

SciTech Connect

As renewable resources start providing an increasingly larger percentage of our energy needs, we need to improve our understanding of these intermittent resources so we can manage them better. In the case of wind resources, large unscheduled changes in the energy output, called ramp events, make it challenging to keep the load and the generation balanced. In this report, we show that simple statistical analysis of the historical data on wind energy generation can provide insights into these ramp events. In particular, this analysis can help answer questions such as the time period during the day when these events are likely to occur, the relative severity of positive and negative ramps, and the frequency of their occurrence. As there are several ways in which ramp events can be defined and counted, we also conduct a detailed study comparing different options. Our results indicate that the statistics are relatively insensitive to these choices, but depend on utility-specific factors, such as the magnitude of the ramp and the time interval over which this change occurs. These factors reflect the challenges faced by schedulers and operators in keeping the load and generation balanced and can change over the years. We conduct our analysis using data from wind farms in the Tehachapi Pass region in Southern California and the Columbia Basin region in Northern Oregon; while the results for other regions are likely to be different, the report describes the benefits of conducting simple statistical analysis on wind generation data and the insights that can be gained through such analysis.

Kamath, C

2010-01-29

335

Accessibility Marking: Discourse Functions, Discourse Profiles, and Processing Cues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When accounting for the usage of some linguistic form, one can refer to its discourse profile, all concomitant features frequently co-occurring with that form in discourse, or abstract a more general claim about its discourse function, referring only to the necessary and sufficient conditions for the proper occurrence of the form. This article…

Ariel, Mira

2004-01-01

336

Teaching Discourse Study To Resist General Discourse Theories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If an instructor teaches in a rhetoric and composition program, one of the most important ways to teach discourse study as a resistance to discourse theory is by tracing the fundamental founding dichotomies of discourse theory through the history of rhetorical theory, examining how assumptions of the legitimacy of such founding dichotomies has…

Yarbrough, Stephen R.

337

Conflicting Discourses: Functional Linguistic and Discourse Analyses of Pocahontas Texts in Bilingual Third-Grade Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides micro analysis of one representative incident from a larger qualitative study to examine how third-grade bilingual students and their teacher negotiated academic disciplinary and popular culture discourses in a social studies unit on Jamestown and Pocahontas. Informed by discourse and linguistic analyses, this study explores…

Ciechanowski, Kathryn

2012-01-01

338

An Historical Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools Policy on the Requirements for the Selection of Principals, 1983-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This historical analysis provided an opportunity to appreciate Chicago's course in the national school reform landscape. This study helped to understand the effects school reform efforts had on school leadership policy in Chicago. It verified a roster of superintendents in Chicago during 1983-2008, established a chronology of school reform events…

Cafferty, Siobhan

2010-01-01

339

Case Study of Rape in Contemporary ChinaA Cultural-Historical Analysis of Gender and Power Differentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rape is a rarely reported event in contemporary China. In this article, two distinct narratives provided by a victim allow for deconstruction and analysis within sociocultural and historical frames. Analyses are purposely framed within the contexts of culture and history and contextualized within the realities of the victim's life. The authors argue that this rape has as much to do

VINCENT E. GIL; ALLEN F. ANDERSON

1999-01-01

340

Social Change and Gendered Gift-Giving Rituals: A Historical Analysis of Valentine’s Day in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Valentine’s Day is a culturally hybridized and popularly celebrated consumption ritual in Japan. We examine its historical transformation based on a visual and textual analysis of advertisements in print media over fifty years. Changes in the meanings, functions, and structure of gift-giving rituals correspond to changes in the national economy, social values, consumer ideology, and gender roles and power relationships

Yuko Minowa; Olga Khomenko; Russell W. Belk

2011-01-01

341

Innovation and competition in standard-based industries: a historical analysis of the US home video game market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the competitive dynamics in a standard-based industry through a historical observation of the US home video game industry. The paper focuses on the theoretical issues of switching costs, installed base and complementary goods as critical factors of dominant designs and firm success in a network-based industry. The authors' analysis reveals multiple stages of technological innovations and changes

Scott Gallagher; Seung Ho Park

2002-01-01

342

Excuse me: who are the first peoples of Canada? a historical analysis of Aboriginal education in Canada then and now  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses and analyses the physically, spiritually and mentally destructive and disruptive components of colonial education on Aboriginal peoples in Canada from a historical and contemporary perspective. Included in this analysis is a critical examination of the ways in which indigenous education and epistemologies have been subjugated and ignored, and recommendations on how Aboriginal worldviews can be introduced in

Erica Neegan

2005-01-01

343

Vibrational spectroscopic analysis of an amber necklace--a forensic historical study.  

PubMed

The vibrational infrared spectroscopic analysis of an important historical necklace of 102 beads that are purported to be made of amber indicated strong signal characteristics of cellulose nitrate with dark green-coloured areas of a naphthylamine dye. Confocal Raman depth-profiling spectroscopy using a 785-nm laser excitation, a novel application first applied here for the analysis of inclusions in amber resin, confirmed that the beads were amber resin and that residues of cellulose nitrate, camphor plasticiser and a naphthylamine dyestuff were present in surface cracks and inclusions in the bead matrix. The bead stringing material was confirmed as cellulose, which was stained green in part with the dyestuff. Comparison of the Raman spectra of the amber beads with a resin database suggested that the amber was sourced from Northern England. The scientific evidence supports the stylistic opinion that the necklace is an important example that could date from the 19th Century and that efforts had been made to coat it with a synthetic dyed polymer; this provides a rather unusual example of the chemical masking of a genuine article--a procedure that renders the article of particular interest. PMID:20376434

Edwards, Howell G M

2010-04-08

344

In-air PIXE set-up for automatic analysis of historical document inks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The iron gall inks were one of the writing materials mostly applied in historical documents of the western civilization. Due to the ink corrosive character, the documents are faced with a danger of being seriously, and in some cases also irreversibly changed. The elemental composition of the inks is an important information for taking the adequate conservation action [Project InkCor, http://www.infosrvr.nuk.uni-lj.si/jana/Inkcor/index.htm, and references within]. Here, the in-air PIXE analysis offers an indispensable tool due to its sensitivity and almost non-destructive character. An experimental approach developed for precise and automatic analysis of documents at Jožef Stefan Institute Tandetron accelerator is presented. The selected documents were mounted, one at the time, on the positioning board and the chosen ink spots on the sample were irradiated by 1.7 MeV protons. The data acquisition on the selected ink spots is done automatically throughout the measuring pattern determined prior to the measurement. The chemical elements identified in the documents ranged from Si to Pb, and between them the significant iron gall ink components like Fe, S, K, Cu, Zn, Co, Mn, Ni were deduced with precision of +/-10%. The measurements were done non-destructively and no visible damage was observed on the irradiated documents.

Budnar, Miloš; Sim?i?, Jure; Rupnik, Zdravko; Urši?, Mitja; Pelicon, Primož; Kolar, Jana; Strli?, Matija

2004-06-01

345

From Africa to Cuba: an historical analysis of the sociedad secreta Abakuá (Ñañiguismo)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical relations between Africa and Cuba run deep. Cuba significantly contributed to the African national liberation struggle and Africa contributed towards the development of Cuban identity and culture. This article is concerned with the latter aspect. African elements in the development of Cuban culture have historically been manifested in the development of Cuban religions, in particular the Congolese and

Shubi L Ishemo

2002-01-01

346

Comparative Advertising Wars: An Historical Analysis of Their Causes and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This historical study contributes to the extensive literature on comparative advertising by examining the causes and consequences of comparative advertising wars; that is, when one advertiser responds to a direct or implied attack by another advertiser. Primary and secondary sources consist of articles published in historic and contemporary marketing and advertising trade journals, such as Printers’ Ink, Advertising & Selling,

Fred Beard

2010-01-01

347

Analysis of historical floods on the Yangtze River, China: Characteristics and explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the characteristics of historical floods and associated monsoon precipitation in the Yangtze Catchment, with specific attention given to the middle and lower Yangtze basin. Based on in situ field observations and historical discharge, flood duration, and land-use information, etc, we propose a number of flood characteristics of the basin: 1) floods have occurred more frequently after 1950s,

Fengling Yu; Zhongyuan Chen; Xianyou Ren; Guifang Yang

2009-01-01

348

Analysis of historic landscape patterns with a Geographical Information System — a methodological outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various methods for storing, retrieving, and analyzing historic land use records by means of electronic data processing are evaluated. The procedures are illustrated with data from a pilot study on the Swiss Plateau which is part of a broader landscape historical monitoring program at the Swiss Federal Institute of Forest, Snow and Landscape Research. The land use matrix was derived

Felix Kienast

1993-01-01

349

Modeling, Analysis, and Preservation Techniques for Historic Reinforced Concrete Structures in Seismic Prone Regions Case Study: Augusta Airship Hangar, Sicily  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the world there are hundreds of historic monuments and structures considered to be invaluable and irreplaceable. They are symbols of cultural identity and a means of educating people about history. Preservation of historic monuments and structures is therefore an important part of safeguarding these cultural heritage sites so that they retain their value for future generations.This report discusses a procedure for the investigation of seismic hazards in existing buildings and possible steps that can be taken to avoid damage caused by these hazards. The Augusta Airship Hangar located in Sicily, will be used as a case study however the topics addressed in this paper can be applied to other structures of historic value around the world.First state-of-the-art scanning procedures were used to create scale digital models that were imported into a structural analysis program. Within this program dynamic analyses were performed on the model based on actual ground motions taken close to the site. This data was used to determine the period and mode shapes of the structure. Then a nonlinear analysis, including a static pushover analysis, was implemented on a two-dimensional model of the structural frame. From this analysis the failure mechanisms of the structure were revealed with relation to an allowable roof displacement. The structural integrity of the structure was evaluated based on pre-defined performance goals. Finally multiple suggestions were made how the Augusta Airship Hangar might be repaired and strengthened so that this structure will not be destroyed should an earthquake occur.The results of our study show that historic structures, despite their age, can still be strong and ductile. Also there are a multitude of effective preservation and retrofit techniques that can be used to strengthen these historic structures, should an earthquake occur. Through this study, the Augusta Airship Hangar has proven to be not only a historic symbol for Sicily but also can be used as an example for the rehabilitation of other historic structures. The techniques and processes discussed in this paper can be applied to other historic reinforced concrete structures and can be expanded upon in future investigations.

Cronin, Kelly; Whyte, Catherine [University of California at Berkeley, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 760 Davis Hall (United States); Reiner, Tom [Graduate Engineer, Buro Happold Consulting Engineers, Inc., 9601 Jefferson Blvd., Suite B, Culver City, CA 90232 (United States)

2008-07-08

350

Public discourses of stem cell science in Singapore (1997–2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most industrialized countries, policy debates around stem cell science manifest in public discourse. Assuming that a functioning public sphere exists where matters of science policy can be discussed, examination of these discourses can help provide an understanding of how science policies evolve. The aim of this paper is to provide a preliminary analysis of how the public discourses around

Tamra Lysaght; Benjamin J. Capps

2012-01-01

351

Telling Stories of Academic Discourse: Narrating Its Acquisition and Analyzing Its Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A writing teacher who teachers first-year college writing proposes a "different" approach to the teaching of academic discourse. It is an approach that includes the production of academic discourse and rhetorical analysis yet enables students to examine and often resolve their resistance against academic discourse. Through a critical examination…

Jones, Donald C.

352

“Somethin' Tells Me It's All Happening at the Zoo”: Discourse, Power, and Conservationism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how certain Western institutional discourses reproduce particular human relationships with nature. The analysis focuses upon the institutional setting of the zoo, examining long-standing multi-voiced debates about zoos and exploring the contemporary zoo's conservation discourses and cultural, lexical, and spatial elements of gaze and power. The author contextualizes zoo discourses within Western ideological environmental dialectics, including those of

Tema Milstein

2009-01-01

353

Conflicting discourses, shifting ideologies: pharmaceutical, `alternative' and feminist emancipatory texts on the menopause  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a close pragmatic analysis to examine three discourses of the menopause, each with identifiably different health and lifespan ideologies, each used to further its own set of economic and\\/or political agendas. We argue that these texts have potentially powerful influential effects on women's interpretations of their own `change of life'. Discourse 1 (the `pharmaceutical' discourse) is represented

Justine Coupland; Angie Williams

2002-01-01

354

The Common Topoi of STEM Discourse: An Apologia and Methodological Proposal, with Pilot Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author proposes a methodology for the rhetorical analysis of scientific, technical, mathematical, and engineering (STEM) discourse based on the common topics (topoi) of this discourse. Beginning with work by Miller, Prelli, and other rhetoricians of STEM discourse--but factoring in related studies in cognitive…

Walsh, Lynda

2010-01-01

355

Curriculum reform in a globalised world: the discourses of cosmopolitanism and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under conditions of globalisation, the discourse of cosmopolitanism adds a new dimension to analysis of curriculum reform. We examine the meanings and contentions of curriculum as a regulatory function in rapidly changing, global communities. We examine cosmopolitanism and curriculum through the lenses of two cosmopolitan discourses, neoliberal and democratic. This provides a theoretically complex snapshot of how the discourse of

Steven P. Camicia; Barry M. Franklin

2010-01-01

356

The emerging discourse of knowledge management: a new dawn for information science research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information science has played a limited role in providing fresh insights into the emerging interdisciplinary discourse of knowledge management. There are opportunities and challenges posed by the new discourse. An analysis of the knowledge management literature within information science journals shows a need for a wider academic perspective and a more philosophically grounded one. As the current knowledge management discourse

Ashok Jashapara

2005-01-01

357

The discourses of sexuality in curriculum documents on sexuality education: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies three underlying discourses on the nature of sexuality evident in two Department of Education curriculum documents on sexuality education in Victoria, Australia, over the past 15 years. These discourses are a cultural ‘preservation’ perspective, a risk minimisation perspective, and a view that sexual expression should enable cultural and individual enlightenment and emancipation. This analysis of underpinning discourses

Cathleen Farrelly; Maureen OBrien; Vaughan Prain

2007-01-01

358

‘Are they just checking our obesity or what?’ The healthism discourse and rural young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE head of department (HoD). The healthism discourse was evident

Jessica Lee; Doune Macdonald

2010-01-01

359

Telling Stories of Academic Discourse: Narrating Its Acquisition and Analyzing Its Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A writing teacher who teachers first-year college writing proposes a "different" approach to the teaching of academic discourse. It is an approach that includes the production of academic discourse and rhetorical analysis yet enables students to examine and often resolve their resistance against academic discourse. Through a critical examination…

Jones, Donald C.

360

Discourse production following injury to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.  

PubMed

Individuals with damage to the prefrontal cortex, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in particular, often demonstrate difficulties with the formulation of complex language not attributable to aphasia. The present study employed a discourse analysis procedure to characterize the language of individuals with left (L) or right (R) DLPFC lesions. All participants were 30-35 years post-onset of injury and presented with persistent discourse impairments. The discourse performance of the R DLPFC group was not significantly different from either the L DLPFC group or the non-injured comparison group. Individuals from the L DLPFC group demonstrated specific difficulties with narrative coherence and inclusion of critical story components. Both measures were significantly different from the comparison group. The discourse ability of the DLPFC groups was significantly correlated with measures of working memory. Findings support the use of discourse analysis for examining language impairments in individuals with PFC lesions. PMID:22982512

Coelho, Carl; Lê, Karen; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Krueger, Frank; Grafman, Jordan

2012-09-11

361

Discourse Tracing as Qualitative Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces a qualitative research method called "discourse tracing". Discourse tracing draws from contributions made by ethnographers, discourse critics, case study scholars, and process tracers. The approach offers new insights and an attendant language about how we engage in research designed specifically for the…

LeGreco, Marianne; Tracy, Sarah J.

2009-01-01

362

Expanding Discourse Repertoires with Hybridity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Hybrid discourse practice and science learning" Kamberelis and Wehunt present a theoretically rich argument about the potential of hybrid discourses for science learning. These discourses draw from different forms of "talk, social practice, and material practices" to create interactions that are "intertextually complex" and "interactionally…

Kelly, Gregory J.

2012-01-01

363

Productive vocabulary across discourse types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: The goals of the study were (a) to examine the effect of discourse type on lexical diversity by testing whether there are significant differences among language samples elicited using four discourse tasks (procedures, eventcasts, story telling, and recounts); and (b) to assess the extent to which age influences lexical diversity when different types of discourse are elicited.Methods & Procedures:

Gerasimos Fergadiotis; Heather Harris Wright; Gilson J. Capilouto

2011-01-01

364

Discourse Tracing as Qualitative Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a qualitative research method called "discourse tracing". Discourse tracing draws from contributions made by ethnographers, discourse critics, case study scholars, and process tracers. The approach offers new insights and an attendant language about how we engage in research designed specifically for the…

LeGreco, Marianne; Tracy, Sarah J.

2009-01-01

365

Coherence Patterns in Alzheimer's Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on linguistic features and patterns of coherence in mild and advanced levels of discourse of Alzheimer's patients. Argues and demonstrates that, as the disease progresses, patients' discourse becomes "pregrammatical"--vocabulary-driven and reliant on meaning-based discourse features rather than grammatically based features. Discusses…

Ellis, Donald G.

1996-01-01

366

Research and Theory Trends in Historic Dress and Textiles Research: An Analysis of Clothing and Textiles Research Journal and Dress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historic dress and textiles (HDT) has been a prominent research subject during the 20th century but has not been examined via a focused journal analysis. Thus, HDT research and theory trends were explored by analyzing 306 articles published in Clothing and Textiles Research Journal (CTRJ) from 1982-2006 and Dress from 1975-2006. A content analysis approach was adopted to examine the

Genna Reeves-DeArmond; Jennifer Paff Ogle; Kenneth R. Tremblay

2011-01-01

367

Discourse Devices in Telugu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the productive discourse devices and markers noted in 50 spoken narratives elicited from Telugu native speakers. Since most of them are college students and residents of Hyderabad, they are also exposed to English as well as Hindi-Urdu (Dakkhini). After presenting certain salient features of Telugu…

Rani, A. Usha

2010-01-01

368

Analysing Bilingual Classroom Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper analyses and evaluates spoken discourse in the bilingual classroom at Damascus University. It looks at the mechanism of classroom interaction: the use of questions, initiations, repetitions and expansions. Although this paper deals with classroom interaction at Damascus University, it is believed that the results arrived at may…

Hasan, Ali S.

2006-01-01

369

Centering attention in discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Centering is a set of processes by which people can coordinate their attention during conversation. Speakers signal where their attention is via particular lexical, syntactic and prosodic choices. These choices make discourse entities salient to addressees and may also signal whether speakers expect addressees' attention to be already centered on the same entities. Two questions arise: What linguistic devices do

Susan E. Brennan

1995-01-01

370

Configuring Listserv, configuring discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Listserv electronic mailing lists have become popular with teachers and scholars in computers and composition for their ability to bring students and professionals together to discuss issues in a written medium. Listservs are perceived as allowing a more egalitarian discourse than might take place in person, as characteristics of status, color, gender, and class are not readily visible. This article

Laurie Cubbison

1999-01-01

371

Responsibility and sociological discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reads Chaim Perelman's theory of argumentation in order to formulate the task of social theorizing as responsible discourse. Taking rationality as sound argument which proceeds in terms of a link between speaker's intentions (the audience) and the public, the first part examines Perelman's notions about the relativity of facts to particular traditions of communication which link speakers, argumentation,

Michael A. Overington

1982-01-01

372

Summarisation Through Discourse Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a method to obtain summaries fo- cussed on chosen characters of a free text. Summaries are extracted from discourse structures, which resemble rhetorical trees. They are obtained by exploiting cohesion and coherence properties of the text. Evaluation intends to evidence the contribution of each module in the final result. In this paper we describe an

Dan Cristea; Oana Postolache; Ionut Pistol

2005-01-01

373

How Has Applied Behavior Analysis and Behavior Therapy Changed?: An Historical Analysis of Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Applied behavior analysis and behavior therapy are now nearly a half century old. It is interesting to ask if and how these disciplines have changed over time, particularly regarding some of their key internal controversies (e.g., role of cognitions). We examined the first five years and the 2000-2004 five year period of the "Journal of Applied…

O'Donohue, William; Fryling, Mitch

2007-01-01

374

Degradation of historical paper: nondestructive analysis by the NMR-MOUSE.  

PubMed

The NMR-MOUSE is a mobile sensor for single-sided NMR inspection of organic materials which takes advantage of the principles of magnetic resonance and inside-out-NMR. Historical books dating from the 17th century were measured at different points by positioning the NMR-MOUSE on the paper. Different degrees of paper degradation can be discriminated from the regularized inverse Laplace transform of the envelope of the acquired echo signals. For the first time the degradation of historical paper was characterized entirely nondestructively by NMR. As a contribution to current preservation efforts, NMR shows great promise for future use in damage assessment of historical documents. PMID:12713971

Blümich, B; Anferova, S; Sharma, S; Segre, A L; Federici, C

2003-04-01

375

Typological and Topological Meaning in Diagnostic Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the discourse of a problem-based learning group in medicine. Uses a conceptual distinction between linguistic (and other semiotic) resources for making typological (or categorical) versus topological (or continuous variation) meanings as part of a multimedia semiotic analysis of the data episode. (SR)

Lemke, J. L.

1999-01-01

376

Discourse and the Denial of Racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the broader framework of a research programme on the reproduction of racism in discourse and communication, the present article examines the prominent role of the denial of racism, especially among the elites, in much contemporary text and talk about ethnic relations. After a conceptual analysis of denial strategies in interpersonal impression formation on the one hand, and within the

Teun A. van Dijk

1992-01-01

377

Media Discourse on Globalization and Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the linkage made in media discourse between the September 11 terror attacks and globalization. Analysis of the prestige, national, and regional American press reveals three principal frames that support issue cultures that enhance state power and promote neo-liberal economic policy. These frames also provide an inadvertent cover for unilateral United States foreign policy interests and thus lend

ANDREW ROJECKI

2005-01-01

378

Structuring Conversation: Discourse Markers in Cervantes's "Entremeses"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Due to the recent shift in the linguistic pragmatics literature from the analysis of isolated speech acts to the focus on phenomena which affect the global meaning of a message, discourse markers (DMs) have become a frequent research topic. Despite their popularity, the evolution and development of these forms is often neglected in investigations…

King, Jeremy

2011-01-01

379

Functions of Discourse Markers in Japanese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through an examination of the discourse markers "ano" and "sono" in Japanese (commonly characterized as demonstrative adjectives but which cannot be used interchangeably in a context), this paper explores how these linguistic devices function in conversation found in Japanese writings. The focus of this analysis is the mental and social functions…

Fujita, Yasuko

2001-01-01

380

Elaboration and Simplification in Spanish Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares spoken discourse models in Spanish as a second language textbooks and online language learning resources with naturally occurring conversations. Telephone service encounters are analyzed from the point of view of three different dimensions of authenticity: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and psycholinguistic. An analysis of 20…

Granena, Gisela

2008-01-01

381

A Discourse of Benefit: technology and school reform in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the subject of school reform and technology in education needs to be considered as a discourse that needs to be ‘unpacked’ and analyzed from a social, historical, and cultural perspective. Unpacking the historical and current interests in educational reform in light of information and communication technologies is no simple matter. There are two basic challenges. First,

Robert Muffoletto

1996-01-01

382

A cultural–historical analysis of early childhood education: how do teachers appropriate new cultural tools?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many European heritage early childhood education communities cultural–historical theory has become increasingly influential for informing practice. Yet one of the major challenges facing the field has been the slow mobilisation of new theory into practice. This paper reports on a study of 40 early childhood pre?service students as they moved from a developmental to a cultural–historical framework for observing

Marilyn Fleer; Jill Robbins

2007-01-01

383

Stress discourse and Western biomedical ideology: rewriting stress.  

PubMed

Popular psychosocial theories of stress and coping are based on an empiricist paradigm and a Western biomedical framework that reflect Western ideologies and values about health and illness. Problems associated with this discourse lie mainly in the ideologies that emphasize naturalism, individualism, rationalism, and objectivity. We suggest that stress and coping theory should be concerned with the ways in which power relations and social institutions produce the meaning of stress. The inclusion of alternative discourses that attend to the micro and macro social and historical factors is necessary for the further development of stress and coping theory and practice. PMID:12746181

Donnelly, Tam T; Long, Bonita C

2003-06-01

384

Lifelong Learning and the Counter/Professionalisation of Childcare: A Case Study of Local Hybridizations of Global European Discourses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We provide a historical (genealogical) study of the changes in discourses on adult education since the famous UNESCO conference in Montreal, to present day texts of the European Union on lifelong learning. We also analyse how these changing global discourses on lifelong learning have travelled--through the hegemony of English language--to local…

Vandenbroeck, Michel; Peeters, Jan; Bouverne-De Bie, Maria

2013-01-01

385

The Evolution of a Bilingual Discourse Marking System: Modal Particles and English Markers in German-American Dialects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lays out some historical background to the replacement of a system of discourse marking in German dialects spoken in the United States, exploring a number of implications for theories of language contact and codeswithing. Data suggest that discourse markers first entered German speech as emblematic codeswitches and eventually became borrowings,…

Goss, Emily L.; Salmons, Joseph C.

2000-01-01

386

“I haven't even phoned my doctor yet.” The advice giving role of the pharmacist during consultations for medication review with patients aged 80 or more: qualitative discourse analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the advice giving role of pharmacists during consultation for medication review with patients aged 80 or more.Design Discourse analysis.Setting Participants' homes.Participants Subsample of consultations within a large randomised trial of home medication review among patients aged 80 or more who had been admitted to hospital.Main outcome measures Extent to which advice given by pharmacists was accepted and

Charlotte Salter; Richard Holland; Ian Harvey; Karen Henwood

2007-01-01

387

Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden  

PubMed Central

The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity.

Andersen, Anders Johan W; Svensson, Tommy

2012-01-01

388

The medicalisation of 'tall' girls: A discourse analysis of medical literature on the use of synthetic oestrogen to reduce female height.  

PubMed

Endocrine research in the 1930s increased and extended the use of sex hormones as medical therapies in an unprecedented way, especially for female ailments. In the 1950s the therapeutic use of sex hormones extended to the treatment of 'tall' girls. Ambiguity in the definition of the 'tall' girl, the arbitrary nature of the treatment decision, and diversity in the therapeutic regimes highlight the problematic nature of this medical practice. Using linguistic repertoires to study the political and ideological implications found in the patterned use of language, this paper reports on a discourse analysis of the medical literature on treatment of tall girls between the 1950s and 1990s, when this treatment was at its peak. Three linguistic repertoires emerged: the institutional authority of medicine to determine the 'abnormality' of tall stature in females; the clinical knowledge and experience in the diagnosis of medical risk associated with tall stature in women; and using hormones as cosmetic therapy to (re)produce femininity in tall girls. All three related to the maintenance of the cultural representations and social expectations of femininity. With no evidence of psychological harm associated with tall stature in women, and no long-term studies of either effectiveness or benefit, over five decades clinicians persuaded themselves and their patients that tall stature required therapeutic intervention. The treatment of tall girls with high dose oestrogen must be viewed as the medicalisation of a normal physical attribute adversely related to the social construction of gender. PMID:20678835

Rayner, Jo-Anne; Pyett, Priscilla; Astbury, Jill

2010-07-13

389

How far can Foucault take us?: an analysis of the changing discourses and limitations of the medical treatment of apoplexy and stroke.  

PubMed

This article examines the conditions under which epistemological shifts in medicine have shaped the history of apoplexy and stroke. Our intention is to understand how stroke medicine as a distinct branch of bio-medicine has emerged in its current form. In doing so, we draw on aspects of the work of Michel Foucault as they relate to fabrication of biomedical discourses. The past 300 years of the transformation of the condition is examined using Michel Foucault's analysis of medical history as instances of the changing spatialization of disease. While the adoption of this approach helped explain how medical practice was shaped by changing interpretations of the causes of apoplexy and stroke over the past few centuries, we also found that there were certain limitations to such an approach. Overall, however, we hope to show that an examination of the history of stroke medicine through a Foucauldian influenced lens can provide a useful understanding of its current circumstances as well as throw light on gaps in Foucauldian approaches themselves. PMID:21169207

Daneski, Katharine; Higgs, Paul; Morgan, Myfanwy

2010-12-15

390

Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Galápagos tortoise.  

PubMed

Giant tortoises, a prominent symbol of the Galápagos archipelago, illustrate the influence of geological history and natural selection on the diversification of organisms. Because of heavy human exploitation, 4 of the 15 known species (Geochelone spp.) have disappeared. Charles Darwin himself detailed the intense harvesting of one species, G. elephantopus, which once was endemic to the island of Floreana. This species was believed to have been exterminated within 15 years of Darwin's historic visit to the Galápagos in 1835. The application of modern DNA techniques to museum specimens combined with long-term study of a system creates new opportunities for identifying the living remnants of extinct taxa in the wild. Here, we use mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite data obtained from museum specimens to show that the population on Floreana was evolutionarily distinct from all other Galápagos tortoise populations. It was demonstrated that some living individuals on the nearby island of Isabela are genetically distinct from the rest of the island's inhabitants. Surprisingly, we found that these "non-native" tortoises from Isabela are of recent Floreana ancestry and closely match the genetic data provided by the museum specimens. Thus, we show that the genetic line of G. elephantopus has not been completely extinguished and still exists in an intermixed population on Isabela. With enough individuals to commence a serious captive breeding program, this finding may help reestablish a species that was thought to have gone extinct more than a century ago and illustrates the power of long-term genetic analysis and the critical role of museum specimens in conservation biology. PMID:18809928

Poulakakis, Nikos; Glaberman, Scott; Russello, Michael; Beheregaray, Luciano B; Ciofi, Claudio; Powell, Jeffrey R; Caccone, Adalgisa

2008-09-22

391

Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Gal?pagos tortoise  

PubMed Central

Giant tortoises, a prominent symbol of the Galápagos archipelago, illustrate the influence of geological history and natural selection on the diversification of organisms. Because of heavy human exploitation, 4 of the 15 known species (Geochelone spp.) have disappeared. Charles Darwin himself detailed the intense harvesting of one species, G. elephantopus, which once was endemic to the island of Floreana. This species was believed to have been exterminated within 15 years of Darwin's historic visit to the Galápagos in 1835. The application of modern DNA techniques to museum specimens combined with long-term study of a system creates new opportunities for identifying the living remnants of extinct taxa in the wild. Here, we use mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite data obtained from museum specimens to show that the population on Floreana was evolutionarily distinct from all other Galápagos tortoise populations. It was demonstrated that some living individuals on the nearby island of Isabela are genetically distinct from the rest of the island's inhabitants. Surprisingly, we found that these “non-native” tortoises from Isabela are of recent Floreana ancestry and closely match the genetic data provided by the museum specimens. Thus, we show that the genetic line of G. elephantopus has not been completely extinguished and still exists in an intermixed population on Isabela. With enough individuals to commence a serious captive breeding program, this finding may help reestablish a species that was thought to have gone extinct more than a century ago and illustrates the power of long-term genetic analysis and the critical role of museum specimens in conservation biology.

Poulakakis, Nikos; Glaberman, Scott; Russello, Michael; Beheregaray, Luciano B.; Ciofi, Claudio; Powell, Jeffrey R.; Caccone, Adalgisa

2008-01-01

392

Analysis of historical residential air-conditioning equipment sizing using monitored data  

SciTech Connect

Monitored data were analyzed to determine whether residential air conditioners in the Pacific Northwest historically have been sized properly to meet or slightly exceed actual cooling requirements. Oversizing air-conditioning equipment results in a loss of efficiency because of increased cycling and also lowers humidity control. Larger air conditioners are also more expensive to purchase. On the other hand, the penalty of undersizing air-conditioning equipment may be some loss of comfort during extremely hot weather. of comfort during extremely hot weather. The monitored data consist of hourly space-conditioning electrical energy use and internal air temperature data collected during the past 7 years from 75 residences in the Pacific Northwest. These residence are equipped with central air conditioners or heat pumps. The periods with the highest cooling energy use were analyzed for each site. A standard industry sizing methodology (Manual J published by Air Conditioning Contractors of America) was used for each site to determine a sizing estimate. Both the sizing the recommendation based on Manual J and peak monitored loads are compared to capacity of the installed equipment for each site to study how the actual capacities differed from both the estimate of proper sizing and from actual demands. The characteristics of the maximum cooling loads are analyzed here to determine which conditions put the highest demand on the air conditioner. Specifically, internal air temperature data are used to determine when the highest cooling loads occur, at constant thermostat settings or when the thermostat was set down. This analysis of monitored data also provides insight into the extent occupant comfort may be affected by undersizing air conditioners.

Lucas, R.G.

1992-08-01

393

Global Warming Wars: Rhetorical and Discourse Analytic Approaches to ExxonMobil's Corporate Public Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes texts published by ExxonMobil on the issue of climate change, employing both rhetorical analysis and discourse analysis to show their uses and potential value in business communication research. Shows how both reveal the socially constructed nature "reality" and the social effects of language, but are never the less distinct in their…

Livesey, Sharon M.

2002-01-01

394

Can historical controls be used in current clinical trials in osteosarcoma. Analysis of prognostic factors  

SciTech Connect

A comparison with respect to possible prognostic factors has been made between a contemporary group of 44 patients with osteosarcoma in Sweden, who received treatment since 1971, and a historical group of 35 such patients treated prior to 1972. Only patients with no evidence of metastases on admission were included in the material. The female/male ratio was lower, but not significantly so, for the contemporary group. The mean age was similar in the two groups. Pain was the most common symptom in both groups. The site patterns differed slightly, although not significantly so, in the two groups, there was a higher ratio of frequency of femoral and lower leg tumors for the historical group than for the contemporary group. The variability in tumor size was greater for the historical group, as was the tumor diameter. The historical group had a greater proportion of osteoblastic tumors and these tended to be more malignant. On the whole the prognosis would be expected to be less favorable for the historical group and there would seem to be a definite risk in using this group as a control group to the adjuvant interferon treated patients.

Brostroem, L.A. (Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden); Aparisi, T.; Ingimarsson, S.; Lagergren, C.; Nilsonne, U.; Strander, H.; Soederberg, G.

1980-12-01

395

"Restructuring" in Historical Perspective: Tinkering toward Utopia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a historical perspective on school restructuring, looking at New York City's unique reform; policy discourse and trends in practice; late nineteenth-century diversity; reorganization from 1900-50; challenging basic assumptions in the 1960s; back to basics in the 1980s; long-term structural trends in public schools; and education reform…

Tyack, David

1990-01-01

396

Study by thermal analysis of mortars belonging to wall paintings corresponding to some historical buildings of Sevillian art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortars taken from the walls of three historical buildings in Seville: Pond of Patio de las Doncellas in Real Alcazar of Seville,\\u000a the Monastery of Santa Maria de las Cuevas and the Church of El Salvador were investigated.\\u000a \\u000a The techniques employed were thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), XRD, FTIR, SEM with EDAX, Bernard\\u000a calcimeter, granulometry, mercury intrusion porosimetry and

A. Duran; M. D. Robador; M. C. Jimenez de Haro; Veronica Ramirez-Valle

2008-01-01

397

Discourses Surrounding Prostitution Policies in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines discourses invoked in the UK debates about prostitution and trafficking in women. The authors suggest that there are three striking features about these discourses: (1) the absence of the sex work discourse, (2) the dominance of the public nuisance discourse in relation to kerb-crawling and (3) the dominance of moral order discourses in relation to trafficking. At

Johanna Kantola; Judith Squires

2004-01-01

398

Historical school and institutionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to study the relevance of the German historical school and American Institutionalism for contemporary research in social sciences. The subject scope of the paper is to trace how concepts, ideas, and frameworks trickle from the historical school into later research programs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology of the paper is a textual analysis of articles and

Staffan Hultén

2005-01-01

399

Discourses of Writing and Learning to Write  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a meta-analysis of theory and research about writing and writing pedagogy, identifying six discourses - configurations of beliefs and practices in rela- tion to the teachingof writing. It introduces and explains a framework for the analysis of educational data about writingpedagogyinwhichtheconnections are drawnacross viewsoflanguage,viewsofwriting,viewsoflearningtowrite,approachestotheteach- ing of writing, and approaches to the assessment of writing. The framework can

Roz Ivanic

2004-01-01

400

Science Pedagogy as a Category of Historical Analysis: Past, Present, and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical studies of science pedagogy have flourished in recent years. This essay offers an assessment of the literature on science pedagogy from the 1930s to the present. It argues that rather than focusing on the work of Thomas Kuhn and Michel Foucault, historians of science pedagogy could with profit turn to the work of Ludwik Fleck. Fleck…

Olesko, Kathryn M.

2006-01-01

401

Association Analysis of Historical Bread Wheat Germplasm Using Additive Genetic Covariance of Relatives and Population Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkage disequilibrium can be used for identifying associations between traits of interest and genetic markers. This study used mapped diversity array technology (DArT) markers to find associations with resistance to stem rust, leaf rust, yellow rust, and powdery mildew, plus grain yield in five historical wheat international multienvironment trials from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Two linear

J. Crossa; J. Burgueno; S. Dreisigacker; M. Vargas; S. A. Herrera-Foessel; M. Lillemo; R. P. Singh; R. Trethowan; M. Warburton; J. Franco; M. Reynolds; J. H. Crouch; R. Ortiz

2007-01-01

402

Conceptions of US and Brazilian early childhood care and education: A historical and comparative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children's first years of life are fundamental for healthy development. Appropriate care and education in the early years are far more useful than dealing with later problems, and in both the United States and Brazil scholars and public-policy makers have argued that the goal should be an integrated system of care and education. Using a cultural—historical framework to understand early

Lia B. L. Freitas; Terri L. Shelton; Jonathan R. H. Tudge

2008-01-01

403

A Historical Analysis of Library Access for Death Row Inmates in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A historical study was conducted to determine what type of access to the prison legal library is received by prisoners now housed on death row at the Mansfield Correctional Institution (MaCI) (Mansfield, Ohio) that were formerly housed at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility (SOCF) (Lucasville, Ohio). A satellite law library had been created…

Ostrolenk, Lisa

404

Gulf of Maine cod in 1861: historical analysis of fishery logbooks, with ecosystem implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 2000, virtually every major assessment of ocean policy has called for implementing an ecosystem approach to managing marine resources, yet crafting such an approach has proved difficult. Ecosystems today exhibit little of the abundance and complexity found in the past, and populations of over-fished species have declined dramatically world-wide, yet historical evidence has been difficult to assimilate into complex

Karen E. Alexander; William B. Leavenworth; Jamie Cournane; Andrew B. Cooper; Stefan Claesson; Stephen Brennan; Gwynna Smith; Lesley Rains; Katherine Magness; Tristan K. Law; Robert Gee; W. Jeffrey Bolster; Andrew A. Rosenberg

2009-01-01

405

A Historical Analysis of the Educational Modalities of Inequalities Management in Costa Rica, Cuba and Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a historical and comparative study of the role that management of inequalities has played in the formation and evolution of educational institutions in three countries: Costa Rica, Cuba and Guatemala. This particular focus shows that this function has played a determining role, even if its organization has varied deeply in…

Mulot, Eric

2004-01-01

406

A Historical Analysis of Post-Genocide Rwandan Special Education: Lessons Derived and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this postcolonial historical study was to investigate the following: prevalence and nature of disabilities, programs, and services of special education in Rwanda before and after the 1994 genocide; and the utility, effectiveness, and importation of western-based special education models, programs, and services in Rwanda; and lastly…

Nyarambi, Arnold

2009-01-01

407

History of Science in the Physics Curriculum: A Directed Content Analysis of Historical Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although history of science is a potential resource for instructional materials, teachers do not have a tendency to use historical materials in their lessons. Studies showed that instructional materials should be adaptable and consistent with curriculum. This study purports to examine the alignment between history of science and the curriculum in…

Seker, Hayati; Guney, Burcu G.

2012-01-01

408

A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF H. M. HAMLIN AND THE COMMUNITY SCHOOL CONCEPT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this historical study was to gain a deeper understanding of the community school and its developer, Herbert M. Hamlin. Primary sources including texts, magazines, monographs, and an oral interview and secondary sources including books, journals, and magazines were analyzed. The researchers found Hamlin's community school philosophy revolved around practical applications of a community-based program of education. His

Michael J. Martin; Anna L. Ball; James J. Connors

409

A Historical Analysis of the Educational Modalities of Inequalities Management in Costa Rica, Cuba and Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a historical and comparative study of the role that management of inequalities has played in the formation and evolution of educational institutions in three countries: Costa Rica, Cuba and Guatemala. This particular focus shows that this function has played a determining role, even if its organization has varied deeply in…

Mulot, Eric

2004-01-01

410

The stability of a laminated Voussoir beam: Back analysis of a historic roof collapse using DDA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of a horizontally bedded and vertically jointed roof, referred to here as a laminated Voussoir beam, is studied using careful documentation of a historic roof collapse, which occurred in an ancient underground water storage reservoir dated back to ca. 1000 B.C. The roof of the opening failed immediately after the excavation leaving a dome shaped loosened zone, with

Yossef H. Hatzor; Ron Benary

1998-01-01

411

Historical climate and stream flow trends and future water demand analysis in the Calgary region, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The city of Calgary has been one of fastest growing cities in Canada in recent years. Rapid population growth and a warming climate trend have raised concerns about sustainable water supply. In this study, historic climate, stream flow and population data are analyzed in order to develop models of future climate trends and river-water resource availability. Daily water demands for

Z. Chen; S. E. Grasby; K. G. Osadetz; P. Fesko

2006-01-01

412

Historical Models and Science Instruction: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Based on Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is an extended work from a previous study on Taiwanese and German students' conceptions of the universe (Liu, 2005). The study revealed that students discuss astronomical events and entities based on a mental model of universe and their models of the universe seem to have similar underlying principles with historical ones. In present…

Liu, Shu-Chiu

2006-01-01

413

INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION Tools and Analysis from Cultural Historical Activity Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to introduce readers of Issues in Integrative Studies to cultural historical activity theory (CHAT). CHAT represents a systems approach to understanding the sociocultural matrix in which knowledge is transmitted and transformed. Although it was developed in the context of early-childhood learning, CHAT is now invoked in a wide variety of educational and organizational settings.

Michele Minnis

2006-01-01

414

Historical Models and Science Instruction: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Based on Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper is an extended work from a previous study on Taiwanese and German students' conceptions of the universe (Liu, 2005). The study revealed that students discuss astronomical events and entities based on a mental model of universe and their models of the universe seem to have similar underlying principles with historical ones. In present…

Liu, Shu-Chiu

2006-01-01

415

A Historical Analysis of the Daniell Cell and Electrochemistry Teaching in French and Tunisian Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The condition in which the Daniell Cell was historically constructed is examined and the evolution of its presentation in French and Tunisian chemistry textbooks is analyzed. Based on the studies, several innovations to facilitate the teaching of the cell, and more generally, the teaching of electrochemistry and of ionic conduction are proposed.|

Boulabiar, Ahlem; Bouraoui, Kamel; Chastrette, Maurice; Abderrabba, Manef

2004-01-01

416

Analysis of the Effect of Historical Cultural Changes Relative to the Development of Affordability Excursions to Existing Parametric Cost Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report searches pertinent historical corridors for clues to the effects of historical cultural changes on present day knowledge worker productivity. The search is chronologic and divided into six periods: Historic Era; Pre-industrialization Era; Indu...

1988-01-01

417

Shifting Identity Positions in the Development of Language Education for Immigrants: An Analysis of Discourses Associated with "Swedish for Immigrants"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study presented in this paper focuses upon conceptualisations of language and identity in the institutionalised arena that emerged in the post-Second World War period with the specific intention of teaching Swedish to adult immigrants in the nation-state of Sweden. Our analysis focuses upon the development of the educational programme…

Rosen, Jenny Karin; Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta

2013-01-01

418

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

419

Communicating Corporate Ethics on the World Wide WebA Discourse Analysis of Selected Company Web Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores how companies communicate their ethical stance on their Web sites. The author analyzed the Web sites of six companies: BellSouth, Lockheed Martin, Ben & Jerry's, McDonald's, Nike, and Levi Strauss. This sample offers both typicality and systematic variety as the six companies belong to three different ethics paradigms. The linguistic analysis of the Web pages draws on

Irene Pollach

2003-01-01

420

Computer-Supported Collaborative Inquiry on Buoyancy: A Discourse Analysis Supporting the "Pieces" Position on Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes in detail a conversation analysis of conceptual change in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. Conceptual change is an essential learning process in science education that has yet to be fully understood. While many models and theories have been developed over the last three decades, empirical data to…

Turcotte, Sandrine

2012-01-01

421

Satellite imagery and discourses of transparency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade there has been a dramatic increase in satellite imagery available in the commercial marketplace and to the public in general. Satellite imagery systems and imagery archives, a knowledge domain formally monopolized by nation states, have become available to the public, both from declassified intelligence data and from fully integrated commercial vendors who create and market imagery data. Some of these firms have recently launched their own satellite imagery systems and created rather large imagery "architectures" that threaten to rival military reconnaissance systems. The increasing resolution of the imagery and the growing expertise of software and imagery interpretation developers has engendered a public discourse about the potentials for increased transparency in national and global affairs. However, transparency is an attribute of satellite remote sensing and imagery production that is taken for granted in the debate surrounding the growing public availability of high-resolution satellite imagery. This paper examines remote sensing and military photo reconnaissance imagery technology and the production of satellite imagery in the interests of contemplating the complex connections between imagery satellites, historically situated discourses about democratic and global transparency, and the formation and maintenance of nation state systems. Broader historical connections will also be explored between satellite imagery and the history of the use of cartographic and geospatial technologies in the formation and administrative control of nation states and in the discursive formulation of national identity. Attention will be on the technology itself as a powerful social actor through its connection to both national sovereignty and transcendent notions of scientific objectivity. The issues of the paper will be explored through a close look at aerial photography and satellite imagery both as communicative tools of power and as culturally relevant historical artifacts.

Harris, Chad Vincent

422

From Sentence to Discourse: Discourse Grammar and English Language Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that there are very good reasons for developing discourse grammars for second-language (L2) teaching. Exemplifies the criteria for moving from sentence-based grammar to the discourse level. The criteria are based on pedagogical and descriptive problems in grammar that sentence-based approaches cannot adequately deal with. (Author/VWL)|

McCarthy, Michael; Hughes, Rebecca

1998-01-01

423

NIMBY syndrome and public consultation policy: the implications of a discourse analysis of local responses to the establishment of a community mental health facility.  

PubMed

The relocation of mental health services from an institutional to community base in different parts of the UK has witnessed incidents of public opposition in relation to the establishment of community mental health projects. It has been argued that this not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) syndrome is partly a result of the attitudes held by the public towards people with mental health problems. The present paper reports some findings from a study of community attitudes towards individuals with mental health problems in a Scottish community, and discusses their implications for the development of public consultation guidelines with respect to the establishment of community mental health facilities. Discourse analysis was used to explore people's views about individuals with mental health problems. The study examined the ways in which their views were expressed in letters to the local press, and in subsequent discussions and interviews, when arguing for or against a supported accommodation project in their neighbourhood. Participants formulated their arguments around a number of issues which they claimed were of public concern. One of these related to the way in which the project was set up. In particular, participants argued that it had been established without any prior consultation with local people and in circumstances of secrecy. The findings demonstrate that, while consultation is relatively unproblematically defined in terms of its function, the specific nature of consultation is more problematic. The implications of these findings for mental health policy and practice are considered in the light of current official guidelines on public consultation relating to the establishment of community mental health facilities. It is argued that existing guidelines fail to take account of the concerns of local people, and therefore, that any intervention based on such guidelines is likely to be ineffective. It is suggested that the findings of this study will be of interest to policy makers and practitioners seeking to devise future public consultation strategies. PMID:14498834

Cowan, Sue

2003-09-01

424

"Implicit action": Understanding discourse management in modeling instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present "Implicit Action", a discourse management tool, through a qualitative video analysis of a Florida International University Modeling Instruction Introductory Physics I class. Implicit Action in Modeling Instruction is where instructors deliberately create intellectual space in which students ideally see value and need for the construction of new classroom norms and tools that are productive in developing a learning community. This space is created by the implications expressed through the instructors' deliberate actions. Discourse Management is a technique to moderate student discourse in Modeling Instruction classes at the university level that was initially described by Desbien. Implicit Action is one of 9 Modeling Discourse Management tools that we have identified. By means of qualitative analysis we illustrate the effectiveness of Implicit Action in implementing the Modeling Theory of Instruction.

Durden, Jared; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-05-15

425

Creating Rhetorical Stability in Corporate University Discourse: Discourse Technologies and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written communication scholarship has shown that successful social change requires discursive stability. This study was designed to investigate how this stability is created. Critical discourse analysis of 30 corporate university articles investigated claims authors made about the expansion of market-based values into contexts of organizational…

Faber, Brenton

2003-01-01

426

DOE Integrated Safeguards and Security (DISS) historical document archival and retrieval analysis, requirements and recommendations  

SciTech Connect

The overall primary Objective of HDAR is to create a repository of historical personnel security documents and provide the functionality needed for archival and retrieval use by other software modules and application users of the DISS/ET system. The software product to be produced from this specification is the Historical Document Archival and Retrieval Subsystem The product will provide the functionality to capture, retrieve and manage documents currently contained in the personnel security folders in DOE Operations Offices vaults at various locations across the United States. The long-term plan for DISS/ET includes the requirement to allow for capture and storage of arbitrary, currently undefined, clearance-related documents that fall outside the scope of the ``cradle-to-grave`` electronic processing provided by DISS/ET. However, this requirement is not within the scope of the requirements specified in this document.

Guyer, H.B.; McChesney, C.A.

1994-10-07

427

Palaeogenetic analysis of (pre)historic artifacts and its significance for anthropology.  

PubMed

The possibility of isolating ancient DNA (aDNA) from all kinds of (pre)historic anthropogenetic artifacts opens new perspectives. This study applies palaeogenetic techniques to three anthropological issues: 1. Palaeodiet. DNA sequences from organic residues in vessels identify Precolumbian Aztec diet. 2. (Pre)historic husbandry and economic structures. aDNA data can reveal the species and the genetic evolutionary stage of animals and plants and show the manner and the extent of their growth, cultivation, or domestication. 3. Production techniques, use, and functionality. Identification of the plant or animal source of an archaeological find can reveal the use or the function of the find. Examples from a Celtic "sausage-end" and an Aztec "eye salve" are given. PMID:10816789

Burger, J; Hummel, S; Pfeiffer, I; Herrmann, B

2000-03-01

428

[Brunschvicg, bachelard and the internal logic of scientific discourse].  

PubMed

Bachelard is seen as sharing with Brunschvicg an "internalist" epistemology of mathematics and exact sciences. Brunschvicg's notion of constructive idealism concurs with Bachelard's surrationalism. Both philosophers defended the idea of an internal logic of scientific discourse which discloses the dialectics inherent in the dynamics of reason. The aim of philosophy is then to emphasize the genesis and progress of rationality in the historical development of science. PMID:24091652

Gauthier, Yvon

2013-01-01

429

Brief communication "Analysis of deformations in historic urban areas using terrestrial laser scanning"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) technique has been used to accurately reconstruct the 3-D shape of the walls and bastions of the historic city of Mdina (Malta) and underlying terrain. By applying this technique it has also been possible to extract additional quantitative information regarding weathering and deformational processes affecting the structures. Thus, with the aim of identifying the main instability mechanisms, a detailed 3-D crack distribution map has been drawn and the main displacement vectors have been defined.

Gigli, G.; Mugnai, F.; Leoni, L.; Casagli, N.

2009-11-01

430

Analysis of adjustments to the United States Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) temperature database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) temperature database is commonly used in regional climate analyses. However, the raw temperature records in the USHCN are adjusted substantially to account for a variety of potential contaminants to the dataset. We compare the USHCN data with several surface and upper-air datasets and show that the effects of the various USHCN adjustments produce a significantly more positive, and likely spurious, trend in the USHCN data.

Balling, Robert C.; Idso, Craig D.

2002-05-01

431

Genetic diversity and population structure analysis of accessions in the US historic sweet sorghum collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sweet sorghum has the potential to become a versatile feedstock for large-scale bioenergy production given its sugar from\\u000a stem juice, cellulose\\/hemicellulose from stalks, and starch from grain. However, for researchers to maximize its feedstock\\u000a potential a first step includes additional evaluations of the 2,180 accessions with varied origins in the US historic sweet\\u000a sorghum collection. To assess genetic diversity of

Ming L. Wang; Chengsong Zhu; Noelle A. Barkley; Zhenbang Chen; John E. Erpelding; Seth C. Murray; Mitchell R. Tuinstra; Tesfaye Tesso; Gary A. Pederson; Jianming Yu

2009-01-01

432

Non-destructive analysis for the investigation of decomposition phenomena of historical manuscripts and prints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a contribution to the increasing efforts to preserve cultural heritage, historical books as well as illuminated manuscripts endangered by corrosive writing and printing materials or destructive coloring matters, non-destructive analytical methods are highly desirable enabling an in-situ examination of the surface status of an object. The development and application of a novel combination of non-destructive analytic methods based on (a) synchrotron radiation induced micro-X-ray fluorescence (SR-?XRF) and (b) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microscope allows to investigate the state as well as the effectiveness of conservation procedures for historical manuscripts. Examples of measurements include (1) an iron gall ink manuscript of a historical memo on legal land description of the year 1769, (2) an original hand colored herbal of the years 1536/38 from the Senckenbergische Bibliothek, Frankfurt, and (3) the incunabula Johannes von Saaz: “Der Ackermann aus Boehmen” fated from 1463 and printed by Albrecht Pfister, Bamberg, owned by the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbuettel.

Faubel, Werner; Staub, Susanne; Simon, Rolf; Heissler, Stefan; Pataki, Andrea; Banik, Gerhard

2007-07-01

433

Loose women or lost women? The re-emergence of the myth of white slavery in contemporary discourses of trafficking in women.  

PubMed

This article compares current concerns about "trafficking in women" with turn of the century discourses about "white slavery". It traces the emergence of narratives on "white slavery" and their reemergence in the moral panics and boundary crises of contemporary discourses on "trafficking in women". Drawing on historical analysis and contemporary representations of sex worker migration, the paper argues that the narratives of innocent, virginal victims purveyed in the "trafficking in women" discourse are a modern version of the myth of "white slavery". These narratives, the article argues, reflect persisting anxieties about female sexuality and women's autonomy. Racialized representations of the migrant "Other" as helpless, child-like, victims strips sex workers of their agency. This article argues that while the myth of "trafficking in women"/"white slavery" is ostensibly about protecting women, the underlying moral concern is with the control of "loose women". Through the denial of migrant sex workers' agency, these discourses serve to reinforce notions of female dependence and purity that serve to further marginalize sex workers and undermine their human rights. PMID:12296110

Doezema, J

2000-01-01

434

Making a Difference in the Lives of Young Children: A Critical Analysis of a Pedagogical Discourse for Motivating Young Women to Become Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Findings in this article indicate that training programs use a key pedagogical and ideological discourse of "teachers make a difference" to motivate female early childhood education students to enter and stay in the field. However, research in the area of workforce retention maintains that many graduates are not willing to enter and stay in a…

Langford, Rachel

2008-01-01

435

The discourse of interculturality and its transnational migration: towards a comparative analysis of its appropriation by academic and political actors in the state of Veracruz  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the ways in which social and educational networks are being configured around the actors participating in the increasingly transnational field of intercultural education both at the Universidad Veracruzana Intercultural and the Veracruz State Ministry of Education. It starts by defining the notion of discursive migration as conceptual transformations that occur when particular discourses cross certain national as

Laura Selene Mateos Cortés

2009-01-01

436

A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Discourse Functions of "Ser/Estar" + Adjective in Three Levels of Spanish as FL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the acquisition of Spanish's two copulas, "ser" and "estar," provides an understanding of the interaction among syntax, semantics, pragmatics, morphology, and vocabulary during development (e.g., Geeslin, 2003a, 2003b; Gunterman, 1992; Ryan & Lafford, 1992). Recent research suggests that linguistic features in the surrounding discourse

Collentine, Joe; Asencion-Delaney, Yuly

2010-01-01

437

Resisting an Isolated Learning Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary objective of this paper is to suggest that researchers on workplace learning avoid an isolated learning discourse. The point at issue is that being a learner is just one aspect of people's sometimes complicated lives in the workplace, and that people may sometimes--for good reasons--resist a learning discourse if it is linked…

Tanggaard, Lene

2009-01-01

438

The Anatomy of Critical Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical discourse is best understood when its logical features are identified. An examination of the basic elements and modes of rhetorical criticism (a form of critical discourse) produces a finite set of options for the critic, thus enabling him to develop a system of alternatives in his critical efforts. For example, by selecting from among…

Rosenfield, Lawrence W.

1968-01-01

439

Discourse: Simple Moves that Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Just as students need plenty of time to practice skills such as solving fraction problems, they also need time to practice the skills of discourse to become better communicators and stronger mathematicians. Embedded within discourse strategies are specific ways to maximize communication. When repeatedly practiced, students learn to listen to one…

Rawding, Molly Rothermel; Wills, Theresa

2012-01-01

440

Expectations in Incremental Discourse Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which discourse features express connections back to the previous discourse has been described in the literature in terms of on a suitably defined right frontier, can be used to both process expectations and constrain discouse processing in general.

Dan Cristea; Bonnie Lynn Webber

1997-01-01

441

Historic Scotland  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scotland is well-known for its efforts to preserve its fantastic range of historic sites, buildings, and monuments and much of this work happens under the auspices of Historic Scotland. Historic Scotland is an agency with the Scottish Executive Education Department and as such, is largely responsible for developing long-range plans for the preservation of the built heritage of the country. To get a sense of the broad range of properties within Historic Scotland, visitors would do well to look through the interactive map of Scotland offered within the "Places to Visit" area. Those persons with a penchant for historic preservation and planning will also want to take a look at the organization's long-range preservation program and some of its free online publications such as "Archaeological Information and Advice in Scotland" and "Conserving the Underwater Heritage."

442

Efficient Analysis of Live and Historical Streaming Data and itsApplication to Cybersecurity  

SciTech Connect

Applications that query data streams in order to identifytrends, patterns, or anomalies can often benefit from comparing the livestream data with archived historical stream data. However, searching thishistorical data in real time has been considered so far to beprohibitively expensive. One of the main bottlenecks is the update costsof the indices over the archived data. In this paper, we address thisproblem by using our highly-efficient bitmap indexing technology (calledFastBit) and demonstrate that the index update operations aresufficiently efficient for this bottleneck to be removed. We describe ourprototype system based on the TelegraphCQ streaming query processor andthe FastBit bitmap index. We present a detailed performance evaluation ofour system using a complex query workload for analyzing real networktraffic data. The combined system uses TelegraphCQ to analyze streams oftraffic information and FastBit to correlate current behaviors withhistorical trends. We demonstrate that our system can simultaneouslyanalyze (1) live streams with high data rates and (2) a large repositoryof historical stream data.

Reiss, Frederick; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng; Shoshani, Arie; Hellerstein, Joseph M.

2007-04-06

443

Generation and discourse in working life stories.  

PubMed

Following Mannheim's (1970) Problem of Generations, many scholars have warned of the analytical and political risks of conflating generation with cohort. Yet the temptation persists, as relying on cohort is a convenient method of dividing a population to study it. This article proposes that cohort is only convenient if the objective is understanding generations as definitive groups of people. It suggests a supplementary objective: understanding generation as a matter of discourse. Qualitative data from interviews with 52 Canadians illustrates how the discursive forms of generation in their stories render difference, human agency and social change in atomistic or voluntaristic terms. The most extreme manifestations of this theme appear related to the perception of generational conflict. Guided by James' principle of pragmatism, this article maintains that understanding generation as a discursive, historically contingent 'thought' with 'effects' is as important as understanding its structural form and contents. PMID:23713556

Foster, Karen

2013-06-01

444

A Discourse on Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the historical context of mathematics education research methodologies, describes methodological trends through the "Journal for Research in Mathematics Education" focusing on the domain of teacher knowledge and practice, and considers theoretical and methodological issues of the present and future. (25 references) (MKR)

Schoenfeld, Alan H.

1994-01-01

445

French Discourse Markers in Shaba Swahili Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines data recorded in Shaba, a province in the Congo, and documents the marked preference to employ French discourse markers in Shaba Swahili discourse. Treats discourse markers as a special kind of contextualization cue that ties parts of a discourse to each other, creating cohesion and coherence. (Author/VWL)

de Rooij, Vincent A.

2000-01-01

446

French Discourse Markers in Shaba Swahili Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines data recorded in Shaba, a province in the Congo, and documents the marked preference to employ French discourse markers in Shaba Swahili discourse. Treats discourse markers as a special kind of contextualization cue that ties parts of a discourse to each other, creating cohesion and coherence. (Author/VWL)|

de Rooij, Vincent A.

2000-01-01

447

The Discourse of Official Violence: Anti-Japanese North American Discourse and the American Internment Camps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mainstream discourse about Japanese North Americans has been less thoroughly analysed than discourse towards more populous North American minorities. The racist nature of this discourse became obvious during the Second World War and the discourse about their incarceration, despite their being citizens, in internment camps. There are three types of data for this political discourse: (a) the official orders by

Lynn Thiesmeyer

1995-01-01

448

Emotional histories and historical emotions: Looking at the past in historical novels  

Microsoft Academic Search

For anyone interested in the past and its representation, historical novels are difficult to ignore. Unlike a multitude of other alternative representations of the past that have been brought into historical view, however, historical novels have been largely excluded from scholarly historical analysis. Although historians might find historical novels fascinating, might read them voraciously, might teach courses on or around

Sarah Pinto

2010-01-01

449

Phytochemical analysis of young fustic (Cotinus coggygria heartwood) and identification of isolated colourants in historical textiles.  

PubMed

Young fustic (Cotinus coggygria Scop.; Anacardiaceae) has been used as a dyestuff since antiquity. Phytochemical investigation of the methanol extract of the heartwood has led to the isolation and structure elucidation by nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry (MS) of 3',4',6-trihydroxyaurone (sulfuretin) and 3',4',7-trihydroxyflavonol (fisetin) as well as 3',4',7-trihydroxyflavanol (fustin), 3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavonol (quercetin), 3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavanol (taxifolin), 4',7-dihydroxyflavanol, 3',4',7-trihydroxyflavanone (butin), 4',7-dihydroxyflavanone (liquiritigenin), trans-2',3,4,4'-tetrahydroxychalcone (butein), 4',5,7-trihydroxyflavanone and trans-2',4,4'-trihydroxychalcone (isoliquiritigenin). The isolated compounds were used as reference materials for the development of a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-MS method, which was then applied to analyse (1) fresh silk samples dyed with young fustic, (2) dyed silk subjected to artificially accelerated light ageing and (3) historical silk micro-samples, extracted from ecclesiastical post-Byzantine garments (fifteenth to eighteenth century), which belong to monasteries of Mount Athos. Sulfuretin and fisetin, which are usually used as markers for the identification of the yellow dye and, for the first time, some of the aforementioned flavonoid components of young fustic were identified in the historical extracts. Furthermore, preliminary experiments suggested that although the amounts of the dye components decrease with light ageing, the relative ratio of fisetin and sulfuretin, after a first step of ageing, seems to be almost unaffected by such degradation processes raised by light. The effect of the latter on the morphology of the dyed silk fibres is briefly investigated by scanning electron microscopy. PMID:19352635

Valianou, Lemonia; Stathopoulou, Konstantina; Karapanagiotis, Ioannis; Magiatis, Prokopios; Pavlidou, Eleni; Skaltsounis, Alexios-Leandros; Chryssoulakis, Yannis

2009-04-08

450

Prevailing discourses among AIDS care professionals about childbearing by couples with HIV in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to analyze the dynamics of ideology, power and language in the dominant discourses about childbearing by couples with HIV that were expressed by AIDS care professionals in Taiwan. Critical discourse analysis of the interview texts with 11 AIDS care professionals identified three prevailing discourses on childbearing by couples with HIV\\/AIDS: pro-children, conditional pro-choice and

N. Y. Ko; M. A. Muecke

2006-01-01

451

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

452

Imagining A Monocultural Community: Racialization of Cultural Practice in Educational Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports of racist violence in Britain identified a prevailing institutionalized racism and social segregation. Presents an analysis of authoritative educational discourse in the form of school inspection reports, focusing the cultural practice of minority ethnic families visiting their heritage country. Using critical discourse analysis, suggests…

Blackledge, Adrian

2003-01-01

453

The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

Yamagami, Mai

2012-01-01

454

Understanding Scientific Methodology in the Historical and Experimental Sciences via Language Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A key focus of current science education reforms involves developing inquiry-based learning materials. However, without an understanding of how working scientists actually do science, such learning materials cannot be properly developed. Until now, research on scientific reasoning has focused on cognitive studies of individual scientific fields. However, the question remains as to whether scientists in different fields fundamentally rely on different methodologies. Although many philosophers and historians of science do indeed assert that there is no single monolithic scientific method, this has never been tested empirically. We therefore approach this problem by analyzing patterns of language used by scientists in their published work. Our results demonstrate systematic variation in language use between types of science that are thought to differ in their characteristic methodologies. The features of language use that were found correspond closely to a proposed distinction between Experimental Sciences (e.g., chemistry) and Historical Sciences (e.g., paleontology); thus, different underlying rhetorical and conceptual mechanisms likely operate for scientific reasoning and communication in different contexts.

Dodick, Jeff; Argamon, Shlomo; Chase, Paul

2009-08-01

455

Association Analysis of Historical Bread Wheat Germplasm Using Additive Genetic Covariance of Relatives and Population Structure  

PubMed Central

Linkage disequilibrium can be used for identifying associations between traits of interest and genetic markers. This study used mapped diversity array technology (DArT) markers to find associations with resistance to stem rust, leaf rust, yellow rust, and powdery mildew, plus grain yield in five historical wheat international multienvironment trials from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Two linear mixed models were used to assess marker–trait associations incorporating information on population structure and covariance between relatives. An integrated map containing 813 DArT markers and 831 other markers was constructed. Several linkage disequilibrium clusters bearing multiple host plant resistance genes were found. Most of the associated markers were found in genomic regions where previous reports had found genes or quantitative trait loci (QTL) influencing the same traits, providing an independent validation of this approach. In addition, many new chromosome regions for disease resistance and grain yield were identified in the wheat genome. Phenotyping across up to 60 environments and years allowed modeling of genotype × environment interaction, thereby making possible the identification of markers contributing to both additive and additive × additive interaction effects of traits.

Crossa, Jose; Burgueno, Juan; Dreisigacker, Susanne; Vargas, Mateo; Herrera-Foessel, Sybil A.; Lillemo, Morten; Singh, Ravi P.; Trethowan, Richard; Warburton, Marilyn; Franco, Jorge; Reynolds, Matthew; Crouch, Jonathan H.; Ortiz, Rodomiro

2007-01-01

456

Reconstruction and analysis of historical changes in carbon storage in arctic tundra  

SciTech Connect

Surface air temperature in arctic regions has increased since pre-industrial times, raising concerns that warmer and possibly drier conditions have increased soil decomposition rates, thereby stimulating the release to the atmosphere of the large stores of carbon (C) in arctic soils. We used a model (MBL-GEM, Marine Biological Laboratory General Ecosystem Model) of ecosystem C and nitrogen (N) dynamics to predict and analyze historical (1829-1990) changes in C storage in a N-limited, tussock-tundra ecosystem near Toolik Lake on the North Slope of Alaska. The model simulates stand-level photosynthesis and N uptake by plants, allocation of C and N to foliage, stems, and fine roots, respiration in these tissues, turnover of biomass through litterfall, and decomposition of litter and soil organic matter. We first calibrated the model by deriving a single parameter set that closely simulated the response of tussock tundra to decade-long experimental manipulations of nutrients, temperature, light, and atmospheric CO{sub 2}. 60 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

McKane, R.B.; Rastetter, E.B.; Shaver, G.R. [Ecosystems Center, Woods Hole, MA (United States)] [and others

1997-06-01

457

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

458

A SIMPLE DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. TRANSFORMATIONS AND DISCOURSE ANALYSIS PAPERS, NUMBER 67, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|PRESENTED IN THIS PAPER IS A SIMPLIFIED DESCRIPTION OF AN ALGORITHM FOR TRANSFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES. IT IS NEITHER ASSUMED NOR IMPLIED IN THIS ALGORITHM THAT ANY KIND OF PRIOR ANALYSIS (EITHER STRING OR CONSTITUENT ANALYSIS) IS REQUIRED AS A PREREQUISITE. IN ORDER TO DEFINE THE SET OF ALL TRANSFORMS, THE AUTHORS FIRST DEFINE A…

HIZ, DANUTA; JOSHI, ARAVIND K.

459

A historical and current analysis for the DPM acquiring an MD or DO degree and an unrestricted medical license.  

PubMed

The podiatric medical profession has evolved substantially in the past 80 years. This evolution includes major changes in scope, in the requirements necessary to enter a podiatric medical school, and in the curriculum that must be completed to earn the degree of Doctor of Podiatric Medicine. Entrance requirements to the schools are now identical to the prerequisites for admission to MD and DO institutions, and licensure requires the completion of graduate medical education. Much of the curriculum also is the same as it is in MD and DO schools. In the past decade, discussion focusing on the ability of the DPM to acquire the MD or DO degree has intensified. An analysis is provided using a historical context regarding this potential initiative. PMID:22461277

Levy, Leonard A

460

Historical analysis of salmon-derived polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in lake sediments.  

PubMed

Several recent studies have highlighted the importance of salmon as a means to deliver biomagnifying contaminants to nursery lakes. There is a lack of studies, however, which demonstrate empirically how this source has varied through time. This is of great significance because past salmon-derived contaminant loading was potentially greater than it is today. By analyzing radiometrically dated sediment cores collected from ten lakes in Alaska and British Columbia (B.C.), we relate historical numbers of sockeye salmon spawners to SigmaPCB concentrations and delta(15)N values (a paleolimnological proxy for past salmon-derived nitrogen) in the sediments. The results confirm that sockeye salmon have provided an important route for PCBs to enter the lakes in the past, a finding that is especially evident when the data of all lakes are pooled. Significant relationships between sockeye salmon numbers and delta(15)N, as well as SigmaPCB concentrations and delta(15)N in sediments, were also found. However, it is difficult to establish relationships between salmon numbers, SigmaPCBs and delta(15)N in individual lakes. This may be due to a number of factors which may influence contaminant loadings to the lakes. The factors include: a) changing salmon contaminant loads over time resulting from a lag in the upper ocean reservoir and/or changing salmon feeding locations; b) greater importance of atmospheric transport in lakes with relatively low salmon returns; and c) increased PCB scavenging due to higher algae productivity in the lakes in recent years. PMID:19162299

Krümmel, Eva M; Scheer, Michael; Gregory-Eaves, Irene; Macdonald, Robie W; Kimpe, Lynda E; Smol, John P; Finney, Bruce; Blais, Jules M

2009-01-22

461

Discovery of Temporal Variation of Arsenic in a Historical Blackfoot Disease Territory by Time Series Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time series analysis is useful tool for extracting interesting pattern from ordered sequence of observations. The Chianan Blackfoot disease region was selected as study area, and the monitoring data of arsenic in groundwater during the period of 2003 and 2008 was subjected to time series analysis. This study attempted to discover the temporal trend of arsenic level in groundwater by

Jan-Yee Lee; Ting-Nien Wu

2009-01-01

462

Class Readings: Story and Discourse among Girls in Working-Poor America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a four-year ethnographic and pedagogical project set in an urban community with historical ties to rural Appalachia. It begins with a close reading of pedagogical discourse situated in an after-school reading project for preteen girls. It then traces the deep roots of language seeped in class meanings--words such as "nasty"…

Hicks, Deborah

2005-01-01

463

Phelps-Stokes in Congo: Transferring Educational Policy Discourse to Govern Metropole and Colony  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article combines a historical with a social/political anthropological framework to examine the role played by the transfer of educational discourse between the United States-based Phelps-Stokes Fund and the Belgian Ministry of Colonies in the formulation of the colonial education policy of "adapted education" in the 1920s. The author argues…

Seghers, Maud

2004-01-01

464

Class Readings: Story and Discourse among Girls in Working-Poor America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a four-year ethnographic and pedagogical project set in an urban community with historical ties to rural Appalachia. It begins with a close reading of pedagogical discourse situated in an after-school reading project for preteen girls. It then traces the deep roots of language seeped in class meanings--words such as "nasty"…

Hicks, Deborah

2005-01-01

465

English 283: Rhetorical Theory and Applications--"Rhetorical Theory, Mass Media, and Public Discourse"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a course design of English 283: Rhetorical Theory and Applications. The course is described in the undergraduate catalogue as offering a "critical and analytical examination of the nature and historical development of rhetorical theory and its applications to contemporary discourse." The course fulfills requirements for the…

Grettano, Teresa

2008-01-01

466

Negotiating Contested Discourses of Learning Technologies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the way that learning technologies frame teaching practice in higher education using both autoethnography and discourse analysis (interpretative repertoires). The analysis juxtaposes our own experience in the form of data from two interviews, with teaching and learning policy documents from the group of five Australian…

Hannon, John; Bretag, Tracey

2010-01-01

467

Words, Words, Words: Radio News Discourses and How They Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of broadcast speech have been neglected in mass media research, particularly where the analysis of radio news messages is concerned. This article provides a framework for examining broadcast messages which improves on the analysis of printed texts, for example, by considering such aspects of discourse as intonation — the way words sound. These analytical tools are applied to two

Peter Moss

1988-01-01

468

Negotiating Contested Discourses of Learning Technologies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the way that learning technologies frame teaching practice in higher education using both autoethnography and discourse analysis (interpretative repertoires). The analysis juxtaposes our own experience in the form of data from two interviews, with teaching and learning policy documents from the group of five Australian…

Hannon, John; Bretag, Tracey

2010-01-01

469

Historic Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first site about historical maps is the US Military Academy at West Point's History Department's Map Library (1). The page contains links to dozens of maps related to warfare from ancient times, the American Revolution, and the Napoleonic wars to the World Wars and other modern conflicts. Although map descriptions are not given and the main page seemed to have a problem loading correctly, the site does give a very interesting glimpse into the geography and history of conflict. The second offering is from The Dalton School called Maps of the Roman Empire (2). Visitors will find dozens of interesting maps with titles such as the Roman Empire circa 120 AD; Trade Routes; 18 Centuries of Roman Empire; and maps of how the empire expanded, barbarian migrations, and more. Next, the History of Cartography (3) Web site is maintained by the University of Wisconsin Geography Department. The well designed page contains six volumes of information relating to cartographic changes from ancient times to the twentieth century. Full descriptions and images are available from this unique research, editorial, and publishing project. The fourth site from the Library of Congress Historical Collections is entitled American Memory Collections (4). The page contains various links to civil war maps, panoramic maps, revolutionary era maps, and other very impressive collections. The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: Historical Maps Web site (5) of the University of Texas at Austin is the next offering. This extensive site contains a well organized collection of historical maps of Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and the Pacific, Europe, the Middle East, Polar Regions and Oceans, Russia and the Former Soviet Republics, Texas, the US, and the World. The sixth site is maintained by John Hopkins University called Color Landforms Atlas of the United States (6). The main page contains links to maps from all fifty states, which include large historical maps from 1895, county maps, and shaded relief maps. The next site, old-maps.co.uk (7), is provided by Britain's national mapping agency and the Landmark Information Group. The site gives online access to Britain's most extensive digital historical map archive, which can be searched and browsed by a variety of subjects to view maps of Buckingham Palace, Edinburgh Castle, and Oxford University, among others. The last historical maps Web site is the Maps and Geography (8) search engine from National Geographic online. Users can search by general historical maps, Lewis and Clark maps, New England and New York maps, Civil War, and World Maps to find and view an impressive and interesting collection.

Brieske, Joel A.

2003-01-01

470

Historical analysis of airborne beryllium concentrations at a copper beryllium machining facility (1964-2000).  

PubMed

Copper beryllium alloys are the most commonly used form of beryllium; however, there have been few studies assessing occupational exposure in facilities that worked exclusively with this alloy versus those where pure metal or beryllium oxide may also have been present. In this paper, we evaluated the airborne beryllium concentrations at a machining plant using historical industrial hygiene samples collected between 1964 and 2000. With the exception of a few projects conducted in the 1960s, it is believed that >95% of the operations used copper beryllium alloy exclusively. Long-term (>120 min) and short-term (<120 min) personal and area samples were collected during a variety of activities including machining of copper beryllium-containing parts, as well as finishing operations (e.g., deburring and polishing) and decontamination of machinery. A total of 580 beryllium air samples were analyzed (311 personal and 269 area samples). The average concentration based on area samples (1964-2000) was 0.021 microg m(-3) (SD 0.17 microg m(-3); range 0.00012-2.5 microg m(-3)); 68.8% were below the analytical limit of detection (LOD). The average airborne beryllium concentration, based on all personal samples available from 1964 through the end of 2000 (n = 311), was 0.026 microg m(-3) (SD 0.059 microg m(-3); range 0.019-0.8 microg m(-3)); 97.4% were below the LOD. Personal samples collected from machinists (n = 78) had an average airborne concentration of 0.021 microg m(-3) (SD 0.014 microg m(-3); range 0.019-0.14 microg m(-3)); 97.4% were below the LOD. Airborne concentrations were consistently below the Occupational Safety and Health Administration permissible exposure limit for beryllium (2 microg m(-3)). Overall, the data indicate that for machining operations involving copper beryllium, the airborne concentrations for >95% of the samples were below the contemporaneous occupational exposure limits or the 1999 Department of Energy action level of 0.2 microg m(-3) and, in most cases, were below the LOD. PMID:19383942

McAtee, B L; Donovan, E P; Gaffney, S H; Frede, W; Knutsen, J S; Paustenbach, D J

2009-04-21

471

Probabilistic approach to rock fall hazard assessment: potential of historical data analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the rock fall volume distribution for three rock fall inventories and we fit the observed data by a power-law distribution, which has recently been proposed to describe landslide and rock fall volume distributions, and is also observed for many other natural phenomena, such as volcanic eruptions or earthquakes. We use these statistical distributions of past events to estimate rock fall occurrence rates on the studied areas. It is an alternative to deterministic approaches, which have not proved successful in predicting individual rock falls. The first one concerns calcareous cliffs around Grenoble, French Alps, from 1935 to 1995. The second data set is gathered during the 1912-1992 time window in Yosemite Valley, USA, in granite cliffs. The third one covers the 1954-1976 period in the Arly gorges, French Alps, with metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. For the three data sets, we find a good agreement between the observed volume distributions and a fit by a power-law distribution for volumes larger than 50 m3 , or 20 m3 for the Arly gorges. We obtain similar values of the b exponent close to 0.45 for the 3 data sets. In agreement with previous studies, this suggests, that the b value is not dependant on the geological settings. Regarding the rate of rock fall activity, determined as the number of rock fall events with volume larger than 1 m3 per year, we find a large variability from one site to the other. The rock fall activity, as part of a local erosion rate, is thus spatially dependent. We discuss the implications of these observations for the rock fall hazard evaluation. First, assuming that the volume distributions are temporally stable, a complete rock fall inventory allows for the prediction of recurrence rates for future events of a given volume in the range of the observed historical data. Second, assuming that the observed volume distribution follows a power-law distribution without cutoff at small or large scales, we can extrapolate these predictions to events smaller or larger than those reported in the data sets. Finally, we discuss the possible biases induced by the poor quality of the rock fall inventories, and the sensibility of the extrapolated predictions to variations in the parameters of the power law.

Dussauge-Peisser, C.; Helmstetter, A.; Grasso, J.-R.; Hantz, D.; Desvarreux, P.; Jeannin, M.; Giraud, A.

472

Productive vocabulary across discourse types  

PubMed Central

Aims The goals of the study were (a) to examine the effect of discourse type on lexical diversity by testing whether there are significant differences among language samples elicited using four discourse tasks (procedures, eventcasts, story telling, and recounts); and (b) to assess the extent to which age influences lexical diversity when different types of discourse are elicited. Methods & Procedures A total of 86 cognitively healthy adults participated in the study and comprised two groups – young adults (20–29 years old) and older adults (70–89 years old). Participants completed the discourse tasks and their language samples were analysed using dedicated software (voc-D) to obtain estimates of their lexical diversity. Outcomes & Results A mixed 2 × 4 ANOVA was conducted and followed by an investigation of simple main effects. A lexical diversity hierarchy was established that was similar for both age groups. The study also uncovered age-related differences that were evident when the stimuli were verbally presented but were eliminated when the language samples were elicited using pictorial stimuli. Conclusions Results indicated that lexical diversity is one of the microlinguistic indices that are influenced by discourse type and age, a finding that carries important methodological implications. Future investigations are warranted to explore the patterns of lexical diversity in individuals with neurogenic language disorders and assess the clinical utility of measures of lexical diversity.

Fergadiotis, Gerasimos; Wright, Heather Harris; Capilouto, Gilson J.

2011-01-01

473

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

474

Characteristics of Pre-Service Teachers' Online Discourse: The Study of Local Streams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the characteristics of pre-service teachers' discourse on a WebCT Bulletin Board in their investigations of local streams in an integrated mathematics and science course. A qualitative analysis of data revealed that the pre-service teachers conducted collaborative discourse in framing their research questions, conducting…

Liang, Ling L.; Ebenezer, Jazlin; Yost, Deborah S.

2010-01-01

475

Semantic Systems, Discourse Structure, and the Ecology of Language. Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This analysis seeks to link discourse structure and semantic or lexical systems. The example is given of a Cuna curing chant named "the way of the pepper," in which 53 names for pepper ("kapur") are used in a projection of a paradigmatic axis (the lexical taxonomy) onto a syntagmatic axis. A corollary of the principle of viewing discourse from…

Sherzer, Joel

476

"Are They Just Checking Our Obesity or What?" The Healthism Discourse and Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE…

Lee, Jessica; Macdonald, Doune

2010-01-01

477

Epidemiology as discourse: the politics of development institutions in the Epidemiological Profile of El Salvador  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVETo determine the ways in which institutions devoted to international development influence epidemiological studies.DESIGNThis article takes a descriptive epidemiological study of El Salvador,Epidemiological Profile, conducted in 1994 by the US Agency for International Development, as a case study. The methods include discourse analysis in order to uncover the ideological basis of the report and its characteristics as a discourse

L A Avilés

2001-01-01

478

The Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire: A Tool for Training in Feminist-Informed Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although accredited Marriage and Family Therapy programs require training in gender issues, therapists in training settings may still have difficulty identifying the influences of gender discourse on clients' lives and on therapeutic practices. The Gender Discourse in Therapy Questionnaire was developed as a tool for observational and textual analysis of therapy processes in conversations about gender and gender-related power. It

Margaret L. Keeling; John Butler; Narkia Green; Vanieca Kraus; Manjushree Palit

2010-01-01

479

The Discourse of the New World Order: ‘Out-Casting’the Double Face of Threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that a productive way to make sense of the discourse and actions surrounding the 11 September 2001 attacks, and thereafter, is to view them within the larger context of the discourse of the ‘New World Order’. This involves an intertextual analysis of President Bush’s speeches since 11 September, along with speeches made by the previous presidents, George

Annita Lazar; Michelle M. Lazar

2004-01-01

480

Power in Discourse: The Case of Arguments on a British Talk Radio Show  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an approach to exploring the ways in which power functions in institutional discourse. The principal aim of the article is to show how the play of power in discourse can be analysed from the fundamentally local, sequential perspective of conversation analysis. I argue that power is best seen as a shifting distribution of resources which enable some

Ian Hutchby

1996-01-01

481

Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

Jensen, Astrid

2009-01-01

482

Shepherding and Censorship: Discourse Management in the Tea Party Patriots Facebook Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political groups on social networking sites enable a new type of collaborative, political discourse among citizens. In this study, we show how political discourse in social media is distinct from prior studies of political groups on the Internet. Specifically, we use network analysis in combination with communication theory to examine conversational social networks that emerge from direct addressals between participants

Christopher M. Mascaro; Alison Novak; Sean Goggins

2012-01-01

483

Disciplinary Discourses: Rates of Cesarean Section Explained by Medicine, Midwifery, and Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of international concern about increasing rates of cesarean sections, we used discourse analysis to examine explanations arising from feminism and the disciplines of medicine and midwifery, and found that each was positioned differently in relation to the rising rates. Medical discourses asserted that doctors are authorities on birth and that, although cesareans are sometimes medically necessary, women

Amy Su May Lee; Maggie Kirkman

2008-01-01

484

Making Sense of the Melting Pot: Multiple Discourses in Youth Justice Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper proposes a framework for politically-informed analysis of policy processes, to enhance understanding of the inconsistencies of youth justice policies. It begins from the importance of political discourse and argues that multiple discourses reflect political tensions which produce inconsistency. It focuses on the punitive detention of young people, and the paradoxical disjunctures between policy and practice in the

Ross Fergusson

2007-01-01

485

Press self-censorship in China: a case study in the transformation of discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the way in which newspaper discourse gets changed. Original reports of three social problem events that journalists sent to two different newsrooms and reports that were published are compared using critical discourse analysis. It is argued that the practice of self-censorship helps newsrooms bypass political 'minefields', and at the same time increase the possibilities of the publication

Jingrong Tong

2009-01-01

486

Ideas that work: mobilizing Australian workers using a discourse of rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we focus on a potential mechanism for revitalizing unions' influence as broader political actors: their use of familiar and appealing discourses to frame political campaigns. Through a discursive analysis of campaign texts, we show how the Australian Council of Trade Unions successfully promoted a counter-discourse, which operated as a collective action frame to mobilize alternative meanings, identities

Susan Ainsworth; Leanne Cutcher; Robyn Thomas

2012-01-01

487

Progress in Acquisition of Japanese Discourse Structures from Intermediate to Advanced Level Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there have been many studies examining the acquisition of grammar in Japanese as a second language (L2) (e.g., Nagatomo, 1993; Noda, Sakoda, Shibuya, & Kobayashi, 2001), discourse analysis research on the L2 acquisition of Japanese discourse structure is still in its infancy. This study examines how L2 learners organize their spoken…

Tomiyama, Yoshiko

2009-01-01

488

Impersonal, General, and Social: The Use of Metonymy versus Passive Voice in Medical Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impersonalizing role passive voice plays in scientific discourse is well known. Analysis of the Methods sections of nine medical research articles shows that metonymy is another frequent strategy used to create anonymous authors/agents. Discourse agents were categorized into four semantic domains: familial lay, nonfamilial lay, authorial…

Rundblad, Gabriella

2007-01-01

489

THE DISCOURSE OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD OF THE ATLANTA AREA: 1964 - 1972 by  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives . The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the mainstream reproductive rights organization Planned Parenthood of the Atlanta Area (PPAA) considered reproductive justice issues typically advocated for by non-traditional reproductive rights organizations. Methods. This research was a qualitative content analysis of discourse internal to PPAA (meeting minutes) and discourse communicated to the public externally via

Melissa Miller

490

A rhetorical approach to news discourse: Media representations of a controversial study on ‘Reparative Therapy’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, concepts from rhetorical theory and discourse analysis are combined to illustrate an approach to analyzing news discourse, particularly about controversial science. Specifically, it is shown how macro?news frames and micro?linguistic choices in news texts combine to accomplish the rhetorical goal of demarcating good science from bad science by creating presence for certain interpretations of the news story

Craig O. Stewart

2005-01-01

491

Classroom discourse and Teacher talk influences on English language learner students' mathematics experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the features of the classroom discourse in eight Algebra I classes from two urban high schools with diverse student populations. In particular, by using the discursive analysis perspective, the type of communication between teachers and students was examined. The study investigated to what extent teachers' patterns of discourse change as a result of the number of ELLs

Mariana M Petkova

2009-01-01

492

Classroom Discourse and Teacher Talk Influences on English Language Learner Students' Mathematics Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the features of the classroom discourse in eight Algebra I classes from two urban high schools with diverse student populations. In particular, by using the discursive analysis perspective, the type of communication between teachers and students was examined. The study investigated to what extent teachers' patterns of discourse

Petkova, Mariana M.

2009-01-01

493

Vulnerable bodies: competing discourses of intimate bodily care.  

PubMed

Nursing practices are subject to intersecting and competing discourses, which give them different, sometimes contradictory, meanings. In this article, using a case of intimate bodily care, we explore the workings of these discourses in a nursing student's account of her first experience of bathing an elderly woman. In particular we were interested in how different meanings of nursing "care" figure into the student's story. Through our analysis, we realized that a range of contradictions and tensions structured the student's experience. These contradictions were primarily produced by a collision between two discourses: the student's commonsense way of understanding the intimacy of such an act (liberal humanist discourse) and the impersonal approach characteristic of institutionalized care (scientific medical discourse). This collision caused distress and confusion, such that the student became almost as vulnerable as her patient. We argue that this type of detailed analysis of a nursing student's experience may increase our understanding of the discursive struggles that occur for students during their shifting between classrooms and clinical sites, between theory and practice, in the process of becoming professionals. Understanding these struggles and the relationships of power that produce both nursing student and patient as "vulnerable bodies" is important for nurse educators because they offer opportunities for intervention in the shaping of nursing professionals. PMID:16342631

Grant, Barbara M; Giddings, Lynne S; Beale, Jenny E

2005-11-01

494

Historical truth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author, dismissing the feasibility of attaining the real facts of history, proposes to define historical truth as the set of all possible worlds that agree with all the sources available to the historian. He remarks that this conception is very close to that necessairly assumed today by cosmologists, when describing the evolution of the phisical universe.

Guliano Toraldo di Francia

1995-01-01

495

Historical Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of historic U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) topographic maps is useful for research purposes and for comparison with modern data to study changes over time. It covers 14 states in the Eastern United States and New England. The collection is searchable by 7.5-minute quadrangle list, town index, or by an interactive image map.

496

Competence: Analysis, Critique, Reassessment. A Report of a Conference Held May 18-20, 1980, under the Auspices of the College of Education, the Pennsylvania State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report provides summaries of 10 papers presented at a conference about teacher competence and effectiveness. In the first session, two speakers, Nel Noddings and Edward R. Fagan, present an analysis of the prevailing rhetoric in educational discourse and practice. The second session provides historical perspectives on the use of the term…

Short, Edmund C.

497

Competence: Analysis, Critique, Reassessment. A Report of a Conference Held May 18-20, 1980, under the Auspices of the College of Education, the Pennsylvania State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A report provides summaries of 10 papers presented at a conference about teacher competence and effectiveness. In the first session, two speakers, Nel Noddings and Edward R. Fagan, present an analysis of the prevailing rhetoric in educational discourse and practice. The second session provides historical perspectives on the use of the term…

Short, Edmund C.

498

Translational Research in Behavior Analysis: Historical Traditions and Imperative for the Future  

PubMed Central

“Pure basic” science can become detached from the natural world that it is supposed to explain. “Pure applied” work can become detached from fundamental processes that shape the world it is supposed to improve. Neither demands the intellectual support of a broad scholarly community or the material support of society. Translational research can do better by seeking innovation in theory or practice through the synthesis of basic and applied questions, literatures, and methods. Although translational thinking has always occurred in behavior analysis, progress often has been constrained by a functional separation of basic and applied communities. A review of translational traditions in behavior analysis suggests that innovation is most likely when individuals with basic and applied expertise collaborate. Such innovation may have to accelerate for behavior analysis to be taken seriously as a general-purpose science of behavior. We discuss the need for better coordination between the basic and applied sectors, and argue that such coordination compromises neither while benefiting both.

Mace, F. Charles; Critchfield, Thomas S

2010-01-01

499

Pathology Case Study: Lash's Bitters - Biochemical Analysis of a Historic Proprietary Medicine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology. This case examines the history of medicine by tracing the origins and development of proprietary medications. Visitors will find a collection of bottle and advertisement images, analysis procedures results from medications, discussion of those results, and references for further reading. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to understand the history of medicine, the development of proprietary medications, and the biochemical analysis of them. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

Kelly, Robert; Cropcho, Lorna; Virji, Mohamed; Torbenson, Michael; Moraca, Michael; Beiler, Bonnie

2007-12-05

500

A Critical Analysis of Literature on Social Justice Curriculum: Avoiding Historical Amnesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this critical analysis is to gain quantitatively greater statistical accuracy synthesizing past empirical studies conducted on the topic of social justice curriculum (hereafter SJC) with similar research foci, but dissimilar research questions. Currently there is a clarion call for further quantitative research to be conducted on…

Hartlep, Nicholas D., Ed.

2009-01-01