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1

Destruction of a Holothuria scabra population by overfishing at Abu Rhamada Island in the Red Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Populations of Holothuria scabra at Abu Rhamada Island were investigated during 52 months, from July 1999 to October 2003. During the first 23 months (July, 1999–May, 2001) the Island had a robust population with a tri-modal size frequency distribution curve, very high densities (85.7–95.1ind.\\/100m2 at the sandy habitat), high abundance (3362–3110 individuals) and biomass (46.7–34.3kg\\/100m2). Also, during this period most

Mohamed Hamza Hasan

2005-01-01

2

The timing and reproductive output of the commercial sea cucumber Holothuria scabra on the Kenyan coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sea cucumber Holothuria scabra is a widely distributed and economically important species that has been harvested in Kenya for decades. No previous studies have been carried out on the reproduction of this species in Kenya. Standard gonad index methods were used to analyze reproductive patterns of individuals collected monthly in 1998-1999, 2000-2001 and 2006-2007. Morphological characteristics, gonad tubule lengths and fecundity were also measured. Mean monthly gonad indices were significantly correlated between males and females indicating synchronous gonad development between the sexes. Gonad indices showed a biannual pattern that was consistent in all three years with a minor spawning event occurring between August and September and a major spawning event between November and December. The pattern of gonad growth showed significant variability between years and between months. Temporal changes in gonad growth correlated significantly with gonad tubule length and absolute fecundity. Monthly gonad indices also correlated significantly with monthly measurements of air temperature and light suggesting a possible role for both factors in timing gametogenesis and spawning. There was a shift in sex ratio from unity in the 1998-1999 and 2000-2001 samples to significantly more males in the 2006-2007 samples, as well as a significant reduction in mean sizes (body wall weight) and reproductive output (gonad index) which suggests that the reproductive success of this species is potentially negatively affected by fishing.

Muthiga, N. A.; Kawaka, J. A.; Ndirangu, S.

2009-09-01

3

Evaluation of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic effects of Holothuria scabra from the North Coast of the Persian Gulf.  

PubMed

Bioactive compounds of the gonad, respiration tree, and body wall of the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra collected from the North Coast of the Persian Gulf were extracted using ethyl acetate, methanol and water-methanol mixtures. Extracts were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activities against Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The activity was determined using the disc diffusion test. Cytotoxic activities of the extracts were determined by brine shrimp lethality assay. Results showed the existence of an antifungal activity of all extracts against A. niger with MIC ranging from 3 to 9?g/mL. The highest antifungal activity was found in respiration tree (methanol) with an inhibition zone of about 50mm against A. niger at 18?g/mL extract concentration. Cytotoxic activity was obtained for methanolic extracts only. Methanol extract of the gonads showed the highest cytotoxic effect (LC50=50.5?g/mL) continuing with RT methanol extract (LC50=70?g/mL). PMID:24054089

Mohammadizadeh, F; Ehsanpor, M; Afkhami, M; Mokhlesi, A; Khazaali, A; Montazeri, S

2013-12-01

4

Acid-base physiology response to ocean acidification of two ecologically and economically important holothuroids from contrasting habitats, Holothuria scabra and Holothuria parva.  

PubMed

Sea cucumbers are dominant invertebrates in several ecosystems such as coral reefs, seagrass meadows and mangroves. As bioturbators, they have an important ecological role in making available calcium carbonate and nutrients to the rest of the community. However, due to their commercial value, they face overexploitation in the natural environment. On top of that, occurring ocean acidification could impact these organisms, considered sensitive as echinoderms are osmoconformers, high-magnesium calcite producers and have a low metabolism. As a first investigation of the impact of ocean acidification on sea cucumbers, we tested the impact of short-term (6 to 12 days) exposure to ocean acidification (seawater pH 7.7 and 7.4) on two sea cucumbers collected in SW Madagascar, Holothuria scabra, a high commercial value species living in the seagrass meadows, and H. parva, inhabiting the mangroves. The former lives in a habitat with moderate fluctuations of seawater chemistry (driven by day-night differences) while the second lives in a highly variable intertidal environment. In both species, pH of the coelomic fluid was significantly negatively affected by reduced seawater pH, with a pronounced extracellular acidosis in individuals maintained at pH 7.7 and 7.4. This acidosis was due to an increased dissolved inorganic carbon content and pCO2 of the coelomic fluid, indicating a limited diffusion of the CO2 towards the external medium. However, respiration and ammonium excretion rates were not affected. No evidence of accumulation of bicarbonate was observed to buffer the coelomic fluid pH. If this acidosis stays uncompensated for when facing long-term exposure, other processes could be affected in both species, eventually leading to impacts on their ecological role. PMID:25028324

Collard, Marie; Eeckhaut, Igor; Dehairs, Frank; Dubois, Philippe

2014-12-01

5

Short Communication Molecular systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean  

E-print Network

Short Communication Molecular systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean and Northeastern Atlantic and a molecular clock for the diversification of the Holothuriidae (Echinodermata investigates the systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean Sea and Northeast- ern Atlantic

Teixeira, Sara

6

Effects of seven diets on the population dynamics of laboratory cultured Tisbe holothuriae Humes (Copepoda, Harpacticoida)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The harpacticoid copepod Tisbe holothuriae was collected from Saronicos Gulf (Greece) and reared under constant laboratory conditions. In order to study the effects of food on the population dynamics, seven diets were tested: the seaweed Ulva; five artificial compound feeds: the liquid Fryfood® (Waterlife), a powder of Mytilus, yeast, soya and Spirulina, respectively; and a mixed diet consisting of Ulva and Fryfood. The life cycle parameters (mortality, sex ratio, generation time, offspring production) were measured, and the demographic variables [mean generation time (T), net reproductive rate (Ro), and intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm)] were determined. As to their efficiency regarding population dynamics, the diets ranked as follows: (1) Ulva+Fryfood, (2), Ulva, (3) Fryfood, (4) Mytilus, (5) soya, (6) yeast, and (7) Spirulina. In this order they cause a progressive increase of both larval mortality and generation time, a progressive decrease of sex ratio, number of offspring per egg sac, number of egg sacs per female and, consequently, of Ro and rm. The observed differences between diets were most pronounced with respect to offspring production. Of the compound diets, those containing animal extracts were more efficient than those containing vegetable materials. Ulva plays an important role in the nutrition of T. holothuriae, favouring offspring production as well as larval survival, development and pigmentation. Ulva in combination with Fryfood led to a greater copepodid survival and offspring production. This mixed diet proved to be the most favourable for rearing the Greek population of t. holothuriae, resulting in an efficient intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm=0.304) of the population.

Miliou, H.; Moraïtou-Apostolopoulou, M.

1991-09-01

7

The influence of commercial diets on growth and survival in the commercially important sea cucumber Holothuria scabra var. versicolor (Conand, 1986) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea)  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been enormous commercial interest in culturing tropical sea cucumbers in countries where sea cucumber populations have been overexploited. The production of sea cucumber juveniles in the hatch- ery requires suitable feeds to maximize survival rates and promote somatic growth. However, so far no research has evaluated the relative efficacy of commercially available feeds for promoting somatic growth and

Daniel Azari; Beni Giraspy; Grisilda Ivy

2008-01-01

8

Differential proteomic response to heat stress in thermal Agrostis scabra and heat-sensitive Agrostis stolonifera.  

PubMed

Knowledge of heat-responsive proteins is critical for further understanding of the molecular mechanisms of heat tolerance. The objective of this study was to compare proteins differentially expressed in two C(3) grass species contrasting in heat tolerance, heat-tolerant thermal Agrostis scabra and heat-sensitive Agrostis stolonifera L., and to identify heat-responsive proteins for short- and long-term responses. Plants were exposed to 20/15 degrees C (day/night, control) or 40/35 degrees C (day/night, heat stress) in growth chambers. Leaves were harvested at 2 and 10 days after temperature treatment. Proteins were extracted and separated by fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE). Thermal A. scabra had superior heat tolerance than A. stolonifera, as indicated by the maintenance of higher chlorophyll content and photochemical efficiency under heat stress. The two-dimensional difference electrophoresis detected 68 heat-responsive proteins in the two species. Thermal A. scabra had more protein spots either down- or up-regulated at 2 days of heat stress, but fewer protein spots were altered at 10 days of heat stress compared with A. stolonifera. Many protein spots exhibited transient down-regulation in thermal A. scabra (only at 2 days of heat treatment), whereas down-regulation of many proteins was also found at 10 days of heat treatment in A. stolonifera, which suggested that protein metabolism in thermal A. scabra might acclimate to heat stress more rapidly than those in A. stolonifera. The sequences of 56 differentially expressed protein spots were identified using mass spectrometry. The results suggest that the maintenance or less severe down-regulation of proteins during long-term (10 days) heat stress may contribute to the superior heat tolerance in thermal A. scabra, including those involved in photosynthesis [RuBisCo, RuBisCo activase, chloroplastic glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), chloroplastic aldolase, oxygen-evolving complex, photosystem I subunits], dark respiration (cytosolic GAPDH, cytoplasmic aldolase, malate dehydrogenase, hydroxypyruvate reductase, sedoheptulose-1,7-bisphosphatase), photorespiration [(hydroxypyruvate reductase, alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT), hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT), glycine decarboxylase (GDC)], as well as heat and oxidative stress protection [heat shock cognate (HSC) 70 and FtsH-like protein]. PMID:20113435

Xu, Chenping; Huang, Bingru

2010-06-01

9

Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Holothuria leucospilota Isolated From Persian Gulf and Oman Sea  

PubMed Central

Background: Emergence of antimicrobial resistance toward a number of conventional antibiotics has triggered the search for antimicrobial agents from a variety of sources including the marine environment. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of Holothuria leucospilota from Qeshm and Kharg Islands against some selected bacteria and fungi. Materials and Methods: In this investigation, sea cucumbers from two coastal cities of Persian Gulf were collected in March and May 2011 and identified by the scale method according to the food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Antibacterial activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of the body wall, cuvierian organs and coelomic fluid, methanol, chloroform, and n-hexane extracts of the body wall were evaluated by the spot test. In addition, their antifungal activity was assessed by the broth dilution method. Results: The displayed effect was microbiostatic at concentrations of 1000 and 2000 µg/mL rather than microbicidal. The highest activity of hydroalcoholic extracts was exhibited by body wall, cuvierian organs and coelomic fluid against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Aspergillus niger, A. fumigatus, A. flavus and A. brasilensis. However, none of the methanol, chloroform and n-haxane extracts showed appreciable effects against Shigella dysenteriae, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus cereus, S. epidermidis and Candida albicans. Moreover, cuvierian organs did not possess any antifungal potential. Conclusions: Our data indicated that water-methanol extracts from the body wall of H. leucospilota possess antibacterial and antifungal activity. However, additional and in-depth studies are required to isolate and identify the active component(s). PMID:25147657

Adibpour, Neda; Nasr, Farhad; Nematpour, Fatemeh; Shakouri, Arash; Ameri, Abdolghani

2014-01-01

10

Sonhafouonic acid, a new cytotoxic and antifungal hopene-triterpenoid from Zehneria scabra camerunensis.  

PubMed

A new hopene-type triterpenoid, namely sonhafouonic acid 1a was isolated from Zehneria scabra camerunensis, together with eight known compounds. The structure of 1a was established by extensive NMR and high resolution MS techniques and confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1a exhibited inhibitory activity against mycelial growth of two peronosporomycete phytopathogens Pythium ultimum and Aphanomyces cochliodes and cytotoxicity towards brine shrimp larvae (Artemia salina) at 10 ?g/mL. PMID:23353655

Kongue, Michel D T; Talontsi, Ferdinand M; Lamshöft, Marc; Kenla, Timothee J N; Dittrich, Birger; Kapche, Gilbert D W F; Spiteller, Michael

2013-03-01

11

Characterization of Two Novel Neuropeptides From the Sea Cucumber Holothuria glaberrima  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two peptides were purified from intestinal extracts of a sea cucumber, Holothuria glaberrima, by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). The pep- tides were detected by a radioimmunoassay (RIA) based on an antiserum raised to the molluscan peptide, pGlu- Asp-Pro-Phe-Leu-Arg-Phe-NH2 (pQDPFLRFamide). Automated sequencing and mass spectrometry indicate that the isolated peptides are: Gly-Phe-Ser-Lys-Leu-Tyr- Phe-NH2 (GFSKLYFamide) and Ser-Gly-Tyr-Ser-Val- Leu-Tyr-Phe-NH2 (SGYSVLYFamide). These are

DAVID A. PRICE; MICHAEL J. GREENBERG; TERRY D. LEE; KAREN E. DOBLE

12

Combined toxicity of copper, cadmium, zinc, lead, nickel, and chrome to the copepod Tisbe holothuriae  

SciTech Connect

In recent years much work has been concerned with the determination of various contaminants in the environment and with the establishment of the toxicity of these compounds to marine animals. Heavy metals are of increasing concern as pollutants of marine and especially coastal environments. Mixtures of heavy metals may produce unexpected effects. The purpose of this study was to determine the acute toxicity of six heavy metals (Cu, Cd, Zn, Pb, Ni and Cr) to the marine copepod Tisbe holothuriae Humes and to see whether there is any interaction between these metals, when applied jointly.

Verriopoulos, G.; Dimas, S.

1988-09-01

13

Distinct profiles of expressed sequence tags during intestinal regeneration in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Repair and regeneration are key processes,for tissue maintenance,and their disruption may,lead to disease,states. Little is known,about,the molecular,mechanisms,that underline,the repair and,regeneration,of the digestive tract. The sea,cucumber Holothuria glaberrima represents an excellent model,to dissect and,characterize the molecular events during intestinal regeneration. To study the gene expression profile, cDNA libraries were constructed from normal, 3day, and 7day regenerating intestines of H. glaberrima.

Carmencita Rojas-Cartagena; Pablo Ortiz-Pineda; Francisco Ramirez-Gomez; Edna C. Suarez-Castillo; Vanessa Matos-Cruz; Carlos Rodriguez; Humberto Ortiz-Zuazaga; J. E. Garcia-Arraras

2007-01-01

14

Molecular systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean and Northeastern Atlantic and a molecular clock for the diversification of the Holothuriidae (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea).  

PubMed

This work investigates the systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic in the light of a wider molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of Holothuriidae, and it also provides a time-scale for the family diversification using mitochondrial markers and the molecular clock hypothesis. The subgenera Holothuria and Roweothuria are retrieved as paraphyletic. At least four separate lineages, with quite different time frameworks were identified. There are at least three species with an apparent long evolutionary history, H. forskali, H. sanctori and H. impatiens and six species belonging to Holothuria, Roweothuria and Vaneyothuria, which have diverged relatively recently. PMID:20813189

Borrero-Pérez, Giomar Helena; Gómez-Zurita, Jesús; González-Wangüemert, Mercedes; Marcos, Concepción; Pérez-Ruzafa, Angel

2010-11-01

15

Application of quantitative 1H-NMR method to determination of gentiopicroside in Gentianae radix and Gentianae scabrae radix.  

PubMed

A quantitative (1)H-NMR method (qHNMR) was used to measure gentiopicroside content in Gentianae radix and Gentianae scabrae radix. Gentiopicroside is a major component of Gentianae radix and Gentianae scabrae radix. The purity of gentiopicroside was calculated from the ratio of the intensity of the H-3 signal at ? 7.44 ppm or the H-8 signal at ? 5.78 ppm in methanol-d 4 of gentiopicroside to that of a hexamethyldisilane (HMD) signal at 0 ppm. The concentration of HMD was corrected with SI traceability by using potassium hydrogen phthalate of certified reference material (CRM) grade. As a result, the gentiopicroside content in two lots of Gentianae radix as determined by qHNMR was found to be 1.76 and 2.17 %, respectively. The gentiopicroside content in two lots of Gentianae scabrae radix was 2.73 and 3.99 %, respectively. We demonstrated that this method is useful for the quantitative analysis of crude drugs. PMID:24687868

Tanaka, Rie; Hasebe, Yuko; Nagatsu, Akito

2014-07-01

16

Population dynamics of Tisbe holothuriae (Copepoda; Harpacticoida) in exploited mass cultures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three cultures of Tisbe holothuriae in 101 tanks were harvested each 7 or 10 to 12 days at a rate of 50%. The most frequently harvested culture showed the highest yield. At lower exploitation rates a higher rate of sea water renewal resulted in a higher production. In the cultures, variations in sex ratio, ovigerous rate, and number of eggs per sac contributed to a stabilization of the egg production. More frequent harvesting favoured the ovigerous rate and a higher renewal rate of the medium resulted in more eggs per sac. The growth rate of the population was estimated from calculated values for birth rate and death rate, and this estimate was compared with the observed growth rate. The quality of the sea water medium in mass cultures was investigated and discussed in its effects on population dynamics.

Gaudy, R.; Guerin, J. P.

17

Cytotoxic effect of Alpinia scabra (Blume) N?ves extracts on human breast and ovarian cancer cells  

PubMed Central

Background Alpinia scabra, locally known as 'Lengkuas raya’, is an aromatic, perennial and rhizomatous herb from the family Zingiberaceae. It is a wild species which grows largely on mountains at moderate elevations in Peninsular Malaysia, but it can also survive in the lowlands like in the states of Terengganu and Northern Johor. The present study reports the cytotoxic potential of A. scabra extracts from different parts of the plant. Methods The experimental approach in the present study was based on a bioassay-guided fractionation. The crude methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, chloroform and water) from different parts of A. scabra (leaves, rhizomes, roots and pseudo stems) were prepared prior to the cytotoxicity evaluation against human ovarian (SKOV-3) and hormone-dependent breast (MCF7) carcinoma cells. The identified cytotoxic extracts were then subjected to chemical investigations in order to identify the active ingredients. A normal human lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5) was used to determine the specificity for cancerous cells. The cytotoxic extracts and fractions were also subjected to morphological assessment, DNA fragmentation analysis and DAPI nuclear staining. Results The leaf (hexane and chloroform) and rhizome (chloroform) extracts showed high inhibitory effect against the tested cells. Ten fractions (LC1-LC10) were yielded after purification of the leaf chloroform extract. Fraction LC4 which showed excellent cytotoxic activity was further purified and resulted in 17 sub-fractions (VLC1-VLC17). Sub-fraction VLC9 showed excellent cytotoxicity against MCF7 and SKOV-3 cells but not toxic against normal MRC-5 cells. Meanwhile, eighteen fractions (RC1-RC18) were obtained after purification of the rhizome chloroform extract, of which fraction RC5 showed cytotoxicity against SKOV-3 cells with high selectivity index. There were marked morphological changes when observed using phase-contrast inverted microscope, DAPI nuclear staining and also DNA fragmentations in MCF7 and SKOV-3 cells after treatment with the cytotoxic extracts and fractions which were indicative of cell apoptosis. Methyl palmitate and methyl stearate were identified in the hexane leaf extract by GC-MS analysis. Conclusions The data obtained from the current study demonstrated that the cell death induced by cytotoxic extracts and fractions of A. scabra may be due to apoptosis induction which was characterized by apoptotic morphological changes and DNA fragmentation. The active ingredients in the leaf sub-fraction VLC9 and rhizome fraction RC5 may lead to valuable compounds that have the ability to kill cancer cells but not normal cells. PMID:24215354

2013-01-01

18

Characterization of proteolytic activities during intestinal regeneration of the sea cucumber, Holothuria glaberrima.  

PubMed

Proteolysis carried out by different proteases control cellular processes during development and regeneration. Here we investigated the function of the proteasome and other proteases in the process of intestinal regeneration using as a model the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima. This echinoderm possesses the ability to regenerate its viscera after a process of evisceration. Enzymatic activity assays showed that intestinal extracts at different stages of regeneration possessed chymotrypsin-like activity. This activity was inhibited by i) MG132, a reversible inhibitor of chymotrypsin and peptidylglutamyl peptidase hydrolase (PGPH) activities of the proteasome, ii) E64d, a permeable inhibitor of cysteine proteases and iii) TPCK, a serine chymotrypsin inhibitor, but not by epoxomicin, an irreversible and potent inhibitor of all enzymatic activities of the proteasome. To elucidate the role which these proteases might play during intestinal regeneration, we carried out in vivo experiments injecting MG132, E64d and TPCK into regenerating animals. The results showed effects on the size of the regenerating intestine, cell proliferation and collagen degradation. These findings suggest that proteolysis by several proteases is important in the regulation of intestinal regeneration in H. glaberrima. PMID:23319344

Pasten, Consuelo; Rosa, Rey; Ortiz, Stephanie; González, Sebastián; García-Arrarás, José E

2012-01-01

19

Identification of Proteins Associated with Adhesive Prints from Holothuria dofleinii Cuvierian Tubules.  

PubMed

Cuvierian tubules are expelled as a defence mechanism against predators by various species within the family Holothuridae. When the tubules are expelled, they become sticky almost immediately and ensnare the predator. The mechanism of this rapid adhesion is not clear, but proteins on the surface of the expelled tubules are widely believed to be involved. This study has examined such proteins from Holothuria dofleinii, sourced from adhesive prints left on glass after the removal of adhered tubules. Gel electrophoresis showed that seven strongly staining protein bands were consistently present in all samples, with molecular masses ranging from 89 to 17 kDa. N-terminal sequence data was obtained from two bands, while others seemed blocked. Tandem mass spectrometry-based sequencing of tryptic peptides derived from individual protein bands indicated that the proteins were unlikely to be homopolymers. PCR primers designed using the peptide sequences enabled us to amplify, clone and sequence cDNA segments relating to four gel bands; for each, the predicted translation product contained other peptide sequences observed for that band that had not been used in primer design. Database searches using the peptide and cDNA-encoded sequences suggest that two of the seven proteins are novel and one is a C-type lectin, while-surprisingly-at least three of the other four are closely related to enzymes associated with the pentose phosphate cycle and glycolysis. We discuss precedents in which lectins and metabolic enzymes are involved in attachment and adhesion phenomena. PMID:25086572

Peng, Yong Y; Glattauer, Veronica; Skewes, Timothy D; McDevitt, Andrew; Elvin, Christopher M; Werkmeister, Jerome A; Graham, Lloyd D; Ramshaw, John A M

2014-12-01

20

Discovery of Novel Saponins from the Viscera of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria lessoni  

PubMed Central

Sea cucumbers, sometimes referred to as marine ginseng, produce numerous compounds with diverse functions and are potential sources of active ingredients for agricultural, nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical products. We examined the viscera of an Australian sea cucumber Holothuria lessoni Massin et al. 2009, for novel bioactive compounds, with an emphasis on the triterpene glycosides, saponins. The viscera were extracted with 70% ethanol, and this extract was purified by a liquid-liquid partition process and column chromatography, followed by isobutanol extraction. The isobutanol saponin-enriched mixture was further purified by high performance centrifugal partition chromatography (HPCPC) with high purity and recovery. The resultant purified polar samples were analyzed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS)/MS and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)/MS to identify saponins and characterize their molecular structures. As a result, at least 39 new saponins were identified in the viscera of H. lessoni with a high structural diversity, and another 36 reported triterpene glycosides, containing different aglycones and sugar moieties. Viscera samples have provided a higher diversity and yield of compounds than observed from the body wall. The high structural diversity and novelty of saponins from H. lessoni with potential functional activities presents a great opportunity to exploit their applications for industrial, agricultural and pharmaceutical use. PMID:24821624

Bahrami, Yadollah; Zhang, Wei; Franco, Chris

2014-01-01

21

Structural Elucidation of Novel Saponins in the Sea Cucumber Holothuria lessoni  

PubMed Central

Sea cucumbers are prolific producers of a wide range of bioactive compounds. This study aimed to purify and characterize one class of compound, the saponins, from the viscera of the Australian sea cucumber Holothuria lessoni. The saponins were obtained by ethanolic extraction of the viscera and enriched by a liquid-liquid partition process and adsorption column chromatography. A high performance centrifugal partition chromatography (HPCPC) was applied to the saponin-enriched mixture to obtain saponins with high purity. The resultant purified saponins were profiled using MALDI-MS/MS and ESI-MS/MS which revealed the structure of isomeric saponins to contain multiple aglycones and/or sugar residues. We have elucidated the structure of five novel saponins, Holothurins D/E and Holothurinosides X/Y/Z, along with seven reported triterpene glycosides, including sulfated and non-sulfated saponins containing a range of aglycones and sugar moieties, from the viscera of H. lessoni. The abundance of novel compounds from this species holds promise for biotechnological applications. PMID:25110919

Bahrami, Yadollah; Zhang, Wei; Chataway, Tim; Franco, Chris

2014-01-01

22

Characterization of proteolytic activities during intestinal regeneration of the sea cucumber, Holothuria glaberrima  

PubMed Central

Proteolysis carried out by different proteases control cellular processes during development and regeneration. Here we investigated the function of the proteasome and other proteases in the process of intestinal regeneration using as a model the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima. This echinoderm possesses the ability to regenerate its viscera after a process of evisceration. Enzymatic activity assays showed that intestinal extracts at different stages of regeneration possessed chymotrypsin-like activity. This activity was inhibited by i) MG132, a reversible inhibitor of chymotrypsin and peptidylglutamyl peptidase hydrolase (PGPH) activities of the proteasome, ii) E64d, a permeable inhibitor of cysteine proteases and iii) TPCK, a serine chymotrypsin inhibitor, but not by epoxomicin, an irreversible and potent inhibitor of all enzymatic activities of the proteasome. To elucidate the role which these proteases might play during intestinal regeneration, we carried out in vivo experiments injecting MG132, E64d and TPCK into regenerating animals. The results showed effects on the size of the regenerating intestine, cell proliferation and collagen degradation. These findings suggest that proteolysis by several proteases is important in the regulation of intestinal regeneration in H. glaberrima. PMID:23319344

PASTEN, CONSUELO; ROSA, REY; ORTIZ, STEPHANIE; GONZALEZ, SEBASTIAN; GARCIA-ARRARAS, JOSE E.

2014-01-01

23

Identification of heat stress-responsive genes in heat-adapted thermal Agrostis scabra by suppression subtractive hybridization.  

PubMed

To gain insights into molecular mechanisms of grass tolerance to heat stress, we constructed a suppression subtractive cDNA library to identify heat-responsive genes for a C(3) grass species, thermal Agrostis scabra adapted to heat stress in geothermal areas in Yellowstone National Park. Plants were exposed to 20 degrees C (control) or 35 degrees C for 12d. The SSH analysis was performed with control samples as the driver and heat-stressed samples as the tester. Differentially expressed cDNA fragments were cloned to screen the heat up-regulated library. The SSH analysis identified 120 non-redundant putative heat-responsive cDNAs out of 1180 clones. Genes with homology to known proteins were categorized into six functional groups, with the largest group of genes involved in stress/defense, followed by the group of genes related to protein metabolism. Immunoblot analysis confirmed increases in transcripts of selected genes under heat stress. Transcripts of seven and eight genes were strongly enhanced or induced in shoots and roots, respectively, while two genes were only induced in roots under heat stress. The heat up-regulated genes in thermal A. scabra adapted to long-term heat stress are potential candidate genes for engineering stress-tolerant grasses and for revealing molecular mechanisms of grass adaptation to heat stress. PMID:18950897

Tian, Jiang; Belanger, Faith C; Huang, Bingru

2009-04-01

24

Effect of bêche-de-mer fishing on densities and size structure of Holothuria nobilis (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) populations on the Great Barrier Reef  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decreasing catch rates for Holothuria nobilis (black teatfish) on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) prompted management agencies to close the fishery for this species in October 1999. At the same time, we surveyed densities and size structure of H. nobilis populations in the main area fished on the GBR. Densities of H. nobilis on four reefs protected from fishing (approximately

S. Uthicke; J. Benzie

2001-01-01

25

Spermatogenesis and chromatin condensation in male germ cells of sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota (Clark, 1920).  

PubMed

Male germ cells in the testis of Holothuria leucospilota can be divided into 12 stages based on ultrastructure and patterns of chromatin condensation. The spermatogonium (Sg) is a spherical-shaped cell with a diameter of about 6.5-7microm. Its nucleus mostly contains euchromatin and small blocks of heterochromatin scattered throughout the nucleus. The nucleolus is prominent. Primary spermatocytes are divided into six stages, i.e., leptotene (LSc), zygotene (ZSc), pachytene (PSc), diplotene (DSc), diakinesis (DiSc) and metaphase (MSc). The early cells are round while in DiSc and in MSc cells are oval in shape. From LSc to MSc, the sizes of cells range from 3.5 to 4microm. LSc contains large blocks of heterochromatin as a result of increasingly condensed 17nm fibers. In ZSc, the nucleus contains prominent synaptonemal complexes but a nucleolus is absent. In PSc, heterochromatin blocks are tightly packed together by 26nm fibers and appeared as large patches in DSc. Heterochromatin patches were enlarged to form chromosomes in DiSc and MSc and then the chromosome are moved to be aligned along equatorial region. The secondary spermatocyte (SSc) is an oval cell about 4.5-5.5microm. Their nuclei contain large clumps of heterochromatin along the nuclear envelope and in the center nuclear region. Spermatids are divided into two stages, i.e., early spermatid (ESt) and late spermatid (LSt). The nuclei decrease in size by a half and become spherical; thus the chromatin fibers condensed into 20nm and are closely packed together leaving only small spaces in LSt. The spermatozoa (Sz), with chromatin tightly packed in the spherical nucleus with a diameter of 2microm and a small acrosome situated at the anterior of the nucleus. The tail consists of a pair of centrioles lying perpendicular to each other and surrounded by a mitochondrial ring, and an axonemal complex, surrounded by a plasma membrane. PMID:18336850

Thongkukiatkul, A; Jungudomjaroen, S; Ratanapahira, C

2008-06-01

26

Instantaneous adhesion of Cuvierian tubules in the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali.  

PubMed

The peculiar Cuvierian tubules of sea cucumbers function as a defense mechanism. They thwart attacks by creating a sticky network composed of elongated tubules within which the potential predator is entangled in a matter of seconds and thus immobilized. Cuvierian tubules are typical instantaneous adhesive organs in which tissue integrity is destroyed during the release of the adhesive secretion. However, very little information is available about this adhesion process. The adhesive epithelium-the mesothelium-and the sticky material it produces were studied in the species Holothuria forskali using different microscopy techniques (light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy). The mesothelium consists of two cell types-peritoneocytes and granular cells-organized in superimposed layers. In tubules before expulsion, peritoneocytes form an outer protective cell layer preventing adhesion when not needed. After expulsion, the elongation process removes this protective layer and allows granular cells to unfold and to become exposed at the tubule surface. At this stage, Cuvierian tubules are still not sticky. Upon contact with a surface, however, granular cells release their granule contents. Once released, this material changes in aspect, swells, and spreads readily on any type of substrate where it forms a thin homogeneous layer. After tubule peeling, this layer remains on the surface but is often contaminated with collagen fibers. Atomic force microscopy demonstrated the adhesive layer to be made up of globular nanostructures measuring about 70 nm in diameter and to be more adhesive than the collagen fibers left on it. The morphological organization of Cuvierian tubules therefore allows contact-dependent deposition of an adhesive material presenting a high affinity for various surfaces. It is certainly an adaptive advantage for a defense organ to be able to entangle different types of predators. PMID:24985220

Demeuldre, Mélanie; Chinh Ngo, Thi; Hennebert, Elise; Wattiez, Ruddy; Leclère, Philippe; Flammang, Patrick

2014-06-01

27

Fucosylated Chondroitin Sulfates from the Body Wall of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria forskali  

PubMed Central

Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (fCS) extracted from the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali is composed of the following repeating trisaccharide unit: ?3)GalNAc?4,6S(1?4) [Fuc?X(1?3)]GlcA?(1?, where X stands for different sulfation patterns of fucose (X = 3,4S (46%), 2,4S (39%), and 4S (15%)). As revealed by NMR and molecular dynamics simulations, the fCS repeating unit adopts a conformation similar to that of the Lex blood group determinant, bringing several sulfate groups into close proximity and creating large negative patches distributed along the helical skeleton of the CS backbone. This may explain the high affinity of fCS oligosaccharides for L- and P-selectins as determined by microarray binding of fCS oligosaccharides prepared by Cu2+-catalyzed Fenton-type and photochemical depolymerization. No binding to E-selectin was observed. fCS poly- and oligosaccharides display low cytotoxicity in vitro, inhibit human neutrophil elastase activity, and inhibit the migration of neutrophils through an endothelial cell layer in vitro. Although the polysaccharide showed some anti-coagulant activity, small oligosaccharide fCS fragments had much reduced anticoagulant properties, with activity mainly via heparin cofactor II. The fCS polysaccharides showed prekallikrein activation comparable with dextran sulfate, whereas the fCS oligosaccharides caused almost no effect. The H. forskali fCS oligosaccharides were also tested in a mouse peritoneal inflammation model, where they caused a reduction in neutrophil infiltration. Overall, the data presented support the action of fCS as an inhibitor of selectin interactions, which play vital roles in inflammation and metastasis progression. Future studies of fCS-selectin interaction using fCS fragments or their mimetics may open new avenues for therapeutic intervention. PMID:25147180

Panagos, Charalampos G.; Thomson, Derek S.; Moss, Claire; Hughes, Adam D.; Kelly, Maeve S.; Liu, Yan; Chai, Wengang; Venkatasamy, Radhakrishnan; Spina, Domenico; Page, Clive P.; Hogwood, John; Woods, Robert J.; Mulloy, Barbara; Bavington, Charlie D.; Uhrin, Dusan

2014-01-01

28

Distinct profiles of expressed sequence tags during intestinal regeneration in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima  

PubMed Central

Repair and regeneration are key processes for tissue maintenance, and their disruption may lead to disease states. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms that underline the repair and regeneration of the digestive tract. The sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima represents an excellent model to dissect and characterize the molecular events during intestinal regeneration. To study the gene expression profile, cDNA libraries were constructed from normal, 3-day, and 7-day regenerating intestines of H. glaberrima. Clones were randomly sequenced and queried against the nonredundant protein database at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. RT-PCR analyses were made of several genes to determine their expression profile during intestinal regeneration. A total of 5,173 sequences from three cDNA libraries were obtained. About 46.2, 35.6, and 26.2% of the sequences for the normal, 3-days, and 7-days cDNA libraries, respectively, shared significant similarity with known sequences in the protein database of GenBank but only present 10% of similarity among them. Analysis of the libraries in terms of functional processes, protein domains, and most common sequences suggests that a differential expression profile is taking place during the regeneration process. Further examination of the expressed sequence tag dataset revealed that 12 putative genes are differentially expressed at significant level (R > 6). Experimental validation by RT-PCR analysis reveals that at least three genes (unknown C-4677-1, melanotransferrin, and centaurin) present a differential expression during regeneration. These findings strongly suggest that the gene expression profile varies among regeneration stages and provide evidence for the existence of differential gene expression. PMID:17579180

Rojas-Cartagena, Carmencita; Ortiz-Pineda, Pablo; Ramirez-Gomez, Francisco; Suarez-Castillo, Edna C.; Matos-Cruz, Vanessa; Rodriguez, Carlos; Ortiz-Zuazaga, Humberto; Garcia-Arraras, Jose E.

2010-01-01

29

LPS-Induced Genes in Intestinal Tissue of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria glaberrima  

PubMed Central

Metazoan immunity is mainly associated with specialized cells that are directly involved with the immune response. Nevertheless, both in vertebrates and invertebrates other organs might respond to immune activation and participate either directly or indirectly in the ongoing immune process. However, most of what is known about invertebrate immunity has been restricted to immune effector cells and little information is available on the immune responses of other tissues or organs. We now focus on the immune reactions of the intestinal tissue of an echinoderm. Our study employs a non-conventional model, the echinoderm Holothuria glaberrima, to identify intestinal molecules expressed after an immune challenge presented by an intra-coelomic injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The expression profiles of intestinal genes expressed differentially between LPS-injected animals and control sea water-injected animals were determined using a custom-made Agilent microarray with 7209 sea cucumber intestinal ESTs. Fifty (50) unique sequences were found to be differentially expressed in the intestine of LPS-treated sea cucumbers. Seven (7) of these sequences represented homologues of known proteins, while the remaining (43) had no significant similarity with any protein, EST or RNA database. The known sequences corresponded to cytoskeletal proteins (Actin and alpha-actinin), metabolic enzymes (GAPDH, Ahcy and Gnmt), metal ion transport/metabolism (major yolk protein) and defense/recognition (fibrinogen-like protein). The expression pattern of 11 genes was validated using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Nine of these corroborated the microarray results and the remaining two showed a similar trend but without statistical significance. Our results show some of the molecular events by which the holothurian intestine responds to an immune challenge and provide important information to the study of the evolution of the immune response. PMID:19584914

Ramirez-Gomez, Francisco; Ortiz-Pineda, Pablo A.; Rivera-Cardona, Gabriela; Garcia-Arraras, Jose E.

2009-01-01

30

Diet of Littoraria scabra, while vertically migrating on mangrove trees: Gut content, fatty acid, and stable isotope analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The snail, Littoraria scabra, is a dominant grazer on tropical mangrove trees, and may play an important role in the food web dynamics of these ecosystems. Its daily vertical migration to avoid tidal submersion results in exposure to varying food types and abundances. A comprehensive diet analysis - gut contents, fatty acid profiles, and stable isotopes ( ?15N and ?13C) - was conducted on snails migrating along mangrove trees and snails maintained in non-tidal mesocosms at Nananu-i-ra, Fiji Islands. In addition, fatty acid profiles and stable isotope signatures were obtained from surface scrapings of mangrove roots, trunks, branches, and leaves. Results from this multi-technique study indicate that L. scabra is mainly a generalist herbivore, which easily shifts diets depending on food availability, and which also has the ability to ingest and assimilate zooplankton. Ingestion of greater quantities of diverse foods (i.e., microalgae, foliose/corticated macrophytes, filamentous algae, mangrove tissues, zooplankton) takes place in the bottom areas of mangrove trees (roots and trunks) during low tides, while top areas (branches and leaves) provide limited food resources for snails feeding during high tides. However, snails preferentially assimilate microalgae and bacteria, regardless of their feeding habitat (different areas within mangrove trees and non-tidal mesocosms). The daily vertical movements of this snail result in variable feeding times, ingestion of different food types and amounts, and different assimilations. These findings also suggest that organic matter derived from mangrove tissues may not be readily transferred to higher trophic levels through this grazing pathway.

Alfaro, Andrea C.

2008-09-01

31

76 FR 2665 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Scoping Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pencil urchin Gonodactylus (Neogonodactylus) spp., Smashing mantis shrimp Geodia neptuni, Potato sponge Haliclona sp., Finger sponge Holothuria spp., Sea cucumbers Hereractis lucida, Knobby anemone Lima spp., Fileclams Lima scabra, Rough...

2011-01-14

32

Immune mediators of sea-cucumber Holothuria tubulosa (Echinodermata) as source of novel antimicrobial and anti-staphylococcal biofilm agents.  

PubMed

The present study aims to investigate coelomocytes, immune mediators cells in the echinoderm Holothuria tubulosa, as an unusual source of antimicrobial and antibiofilm agents. The activity of the 5kDa peptide fraction of the cytosol from H. tubulosa coelomocytes (5-HCC) was tested against a reference group of Gram-negative and Gram-positive human pathogens. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 125 to 500 mg/ml were determined against tested strains. The observed biological activity of 5-HCC could be due to two novel peptides, identified by capillary RP-HPLC/nESI-MS/MS, which present the common chemical-physical characteristics of antimicrobial peptides. Such peptides were chemically synthesized and their antimicrobial activity was tested. The synthetic peptides showed broad-spectrum activity at 12.5 mg/ml against the majority of the tested Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains, and they were also able to inhibit biofilm formation in a significant percentage at a concentration of 3.1 mg/ml against staphylococcal and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains.The immune mediators in H. tubulosa are a source of novel antimicrobial peptides for the development of new agents against biofilm bacterial communities that are often intrinsically resistant to conventional antibiotics. PMID:23800329

Schillaci, Domenico; Cusimano, Maria Grazia; Cunsolo, Vincenzo; Saletti, Rosaria; Russo, Debora; Vazzana, Mirella; Vitale, Maria; Arizza, Vincenzo

2013-01-01

33

Immune mediators of sea-cucumber Holothuria tubulosa (Echinodermata) as source of novel antimicrobial and anti-staphylococcal biofilm agents  

PubMed Central

The present study aims to investigate coelomocytes, immune mediators cells in the echinoderm Holothuria tubulosa, as an unusual source of antimicrobial and antibiofilm agents. The activity of the 5kDa peptide fraction of the cytosol from H. tubulosa coelomocytes (5-HCC) was tested against a reference group of Gram-negative and Gram-positive human pathogens. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 125 to 500 mg/ml were determined against tested strains. The observed biological activity of 5-HCC could be due to two novel peptides, identified by capillary RP-HPLC/nESI-MS/MS, which present the common chemical-physical characteristics of antimicrobial peptides. Such peptides were chemically synthesized and their antimicrobial activity was tested. The synthetic peptides showed broad-spectrum activity at 12.5 mg/ml against the majority of the tested Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains, and they were also able to inhibit biofilm formation in a significant percentage at a concentration of 3.1 mg/ml against staphylococcal and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. The immune mediators in H. tubulosa are a source of novel antimicrobial peptides for the development of new agents against biofilm bacterial communities that are often intrinsically resistant to conventional antibiotics. PMID:23800329

2013-01-01

34

Identification of endocannabinoid system-modulating N-alkylamides from Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra and Lepidium meyenii.  

PubMed

The discovery of the interaction of plant-derived N-alkylamides (NAAs) and the mammalian endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the existence of a plant endogenous N-acylethanolamine signaling system have led to the re-evaluation of this group of compounds. Herein, the isolation of seven NAAs and the assessment of their effects on major protein targets in the ECS network are reported. Four NAAs, octadeca-2E,4E,8E,10Z,14Z-pentaene-12-ynoic acid isobutylamide (1), octadeca-2E,4E,8E,10Z,14Z-pentaene-12-ynoic acid 2'-methylbutylamide (2), hexadeca-2E,4E,9Z-triene-12,14-diynoic acid isobutylamide (3), and hexadeca-2E,4E,9,12-tetraenoic acid 2'-methylbutylamide (4), were identified from Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra. Compounds 2-4 are new natural products, while 1 was isolated for the first time from this species. The previously described macamides, N-(3-methoxybenzyl)-(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadecatrienamide (5), N-benzyl-(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadecatrienamide (6), and N-benzyl-(9Z,12Z)-octadecadienamide (7), were isolated from Lepidium meyenii (Maca). N-Methylbutylamide 4 and N-benzylamide 7 showed submicromolar and selective binding affinities for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (Ki values of 0.31 and 0.48 ?M, respectively). Notably, compound 7 also exhibited weak fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibition (IC50 = 4 ?M) and a potent inhibition of anandamide cellular uptake (IC50 = 0.67 ?M) that was stronger than the inhibition obtained with the controls OMDM-2 and UCM707. The pronounced ECS polypharmacology of compound 7 highlights the potential involvement of the arachidonoyl-mimicking 9Z,12Z double-bond system in the linoleoyl group for the overall cannabimimetic action of NAAs. This study provides additional strong evidence of the endocannabinoid substrate mimicking of plant-derived NAAs and uncovers a direct and indirect cannabimimetic action of the Peruvian Maca root. PMID:24972328

Hajdu, Zsanett; Nicolussi, Simon; Rau, Mark; Lorántfy, László; Forgo, Peter; Hohmann, Judit; Csupor, Dezs?; Gertsch, Jürg

2014-07-25

35

Localization of the heptapeptide GFSKLYFamide in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima (Echinodermata): a light and electron microscopic study.  

PubMed

Two peptides, Gly-Phe-Ser-Lys-Leu-Tyr-Phe-NH2 (GFSKLYFamide) and Ser-Gly-Tyr-Ser-Val-Leu-Tyr-Phe-NH2 (SGYSVLYFamide), recently isolated from the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima [Díaz-Miranda et al. (1992) Biol. Bull. 182:241-247] represent the first neuropeptides isolated from holothurians. Using an antibody against GFSKLYFa, we describe here the localization and distribution pattern of GFSKLYFa-like immunoreactivity in H. glaberrima, where immunoreactive fibers form a prominent and extensive peptidergic nervous system component. Neuron-like cells and nerve fibers expressing GFSKLYFa-like immunoreactivity are found in the ectoneural and hyponeural divisions of the radial nerve cords as well as in the digestive, haemal, respiratory, and reproductive systems; in the tentacles; and in tube feet. Neuroendocrine-like cells are found in the mucosal layer of the intestine. Ultrastructure immunocytochemical analysis revealed that, in nerve cells and fibers in the serosal layer of the intestine, the immunoreactivity is concentrated in vesicles. The immunoreactive nerve fibers are found mainly within a dense nerve plexus overlying and in close contact with smooth muscle cells of the intestine. The exclusive expression of GFSKLYFa-like immunoreactivity in neuronal or neuroendocrine tissue together with the close apposition of some fibers to muscle cells suggests that GFSKLYFa acts as a neuromuscular transmitter or neuromodulator in H. glaberrima. The wide occurrence of GFSKLYFa-like immunoreactivity throughout the nervous system of the sea cucumber suggests that GFSKLYFa plays an important role in the control of multiple action systems, including digestion, respiration, circulation, reproduction, and locomotion. PMID:7722004

Díaz-Miranda, L; Blanco, R E; García-Arrarás, J E

1995-02-20

36

Fucosylated Chondroitin Sulfates from the Body Wall of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria forskali: CONFORMATION, SELECTIN BINDING, AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY.  

PubMed

Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (fCS) extracted from the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali is composed of the following repeating trisaccharide unit: ?3)GalNAc?4,6S(1?4) [Fuc?X(1?3)]GlcA?(1?, where X stands for different sulfation patterns of fucose (X = 3,4S (46%), 2,4S (39%), and 4S (15%)). As revealed by NMR and molecular dynamics simulations, the fCS repeating unit adopts a conformation similar to that of the Le(x) blood group determinant, bringing several sulfate groups into close proximity and creating large negative patches distributed along the helical skeleton of the CS backbone. This may explain the high affinity of fCS oligosaccharides for L- and P-selectins as determined by microarray binding of fCS oligosaccharides prepared by Cu(2+)-catalyzed Fenton-type and photochemical depolymerization. No binding to E-selectin was observed. fCS poly- and oligosaccharides display low cytotoxicity in vitro, inhibit human neutrophil elastase activity, and inhibit the migration of neutrophils through an endothelial cell layer in vitro. Although the polysaccharide showed some anti-coagulant activity, small oligosaccharide fCS fragments had much reduced anticoagulant properties, with activity mainly via heparin cofactor II. The fCS polysaccharides showed prekallikrein activation comparable with dextran sulfate, whereas the fCS oligosaccharides caused almost no effect. The H. forskali fCS oligosaccharides were also tested in a mouse peritoneal inflammation model, where they caused a reduction in neutrophil infiltration. Overall, the data presented support the action of fCS as an inhibitor of selectin interactions, which play vital roles in inflammation and metastasis progression. Future studies of fCS-selectin interaction using fCS fragments or their mimetics may open new avenues for therapeutic intervention. PMID:25147180

Panagos, Charalampos G; Thomson, Derek S; Moss, Claire; Hughes, Adam D; Kelly, Maeve S; Liu, Yan; Chai, Wengang; Venkatasamy, Radhakrishnan; Spina, Domenico; Page, Clive P; Hogwood, John; Woods, Robert J; Mulloy, Barbara; Bavington, Charlie D; Uhrín, Dušan

2014-10-10

37

Isolation of a Pigment-producing Strain of Staphylococcus kloosii from the Respiratory Tree of Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt 1835) from Malaysian Waters  

PubMed Central

Staphylococcus kloosii, an orange pigment-producing bacterium, was isolated from the respiratory tree of Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota (Brandt 1835) from Teluk Nipah, Pangkor Island, Perak, Malaysia. This report is the first documentation of this Gram-positive strain, referred to as Strain 68 in Malaysia. A partial 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence of the mesophilic strain has been registered with GenBank (National Center for Biotechnology Information, US National Library of Medicine) with accession number JX102547. Phylogenetic analysis using the neighbour-joining method further supported the identification of Strain 68 as S. kloosii. The circular strain produced orange pigments on tryptone glucose yeast extract agar (TGYEA) and in nutrient broth (NB) at approximately pH 7. The visible spectra of ethanolic and methanolic pigment extracts of the bacterial strain were considered identical with ?max at 426, 447 and 475 nm and ?max at 426, 445 and 473 nm, respectively. Both visible spectra resemble the visible spectra of lutein, which is a commercial carotenoid; however, further analyses are required to confirm the identity of this pigment. The methanolic extracts of the intracellular pigments comprised at least three pigment compounds: an orange pigment compound (major compound), a yellow pigment compound (the least polar) and a pink pigment compound (the most polar). These findings are the first documentation of the pigment composition of S. kloosii as no such record could be found to date. PMID:24575244

Kamarudin, Kamarul Rahim; Ngah, Nurziana; Hamid, Tengku Haziyamin Tengku Abdul; Susanti, Deny

2013-01-01

38

Evolutionary variation between a monomer and a dimer arginine kinase. Purification of the enzyme from Holothuria forskali and a comparison of some properties with that from Homarus vulgaris.  

PubMed Central

1. A purification procedure for the dimeric arginine kinase of the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali is described. 2. The enzyme has a mean molecular weight of 77250 and is composed of two equal, dissociable subunits. 3. It also shows co-operativity between substrate binding at one catalytic site to a much greater extent than the nomomeric lobster arginine kinase for which such co-operativity could not be detected unambiguously. The constants for substrate binding are reported assuming that the enzyme follows rapid-equilibrium random kinetics. From a comparison with other species, the development of co-operativity between the nucleotide- and guanidine-binding sites on one subunit is suggested to have occurred more than once in the evolution of the phosphagen kinases and is not dependent on subunit aggregation. 4. Both enzymes show similar pH profiles for thermal inactivation at 22 degrees C and have very similar stabilities. Above 40 degrees C the dimeric enzyme is much more stable than the monomer. Rate constants for heat inactivation and Arrhenius activation energies are reported. 5. The dimeric enzyme is also more stable to urea inactivation. Substrates and argininic acid all improve the stability of both enzymes. The effects of individual substrates are more distincitive with the dimeric enzymes and increase its stability to an extent that makes it about as stable as dogfish creatine kinase. In the physiological range dimerization does not seem to confer any particular advantage with respect to stability over the monomer form. PMID:239687

Anosike, E O; Moreland, B H; Watts, D C

1975-01-01

39

Traditional Chinese medicine herbal extracts of Cibotium barometz, Gentiana scabra, Dioscorea batatas, Cassia tora, and Taxillus chinensis inhibit SARS-CoV replication.  

PubMed

Development of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) agents is pivotal to prevent the reemergence of the life-threatening disease, SARS. In this study, more than 200 extracts from Chinese medicinal herbs were evaluated for anti-SARS-CoV activities using a cell-based assay that measured SARS-CoV-induced cytopathogenic effect (CPE) in vitro on Vero E6 cells. Six herbal extracts, one each from Gentianae Radix ( lóng d?n; the dried rhizome of Gentiana scabra), Dioscoreae Rhizoma ( sh?n yào; the tuber of Dioscorea batatas), Cassiae Semen ( jué míng z?; the dried seed of Cassia tora) and Loranthi Ramus ( s?ng jì sh?ng; the dried stem, with leaf of Taxillus chinensis) (designated as GSH, DBM, CTH and TCH, respectively), and two from Rhizoma Cibotii ( g?u j?; the dried rhizome of Cibotium barometz) (designated as CBE and CBM), were found to be potent inhibitors of SARS-CoV at concentrations between 25 and 200 ?g/ml. The concentrations of the six extracts needed to inhibit 50% of Vero E6 cell proliferation (CC50) and 50% of viral replication (EC50) were determined. The resulting selective index values (SI = CC50/EC50) of the most effective extracts CBE, GSH, DBM, CTH and TCH were > 59.4, > 57.5, > 62.1, > 59.4, and > 92.9, respectively. Among these extracts, CBM and DBM also showed significant inhibition of SARS-CoV 3CL protease activity with IC50 values of 39 ?g/ml and 44 ?g/ml, respectively. Our findings suggest that these six herbal extracts may have potential as candidates for future development of anti-SARS therapeutics.AbbreviationsSARS,severe acute respiratory syndromeCoV,coronavirusCPE,cytopathogenic effectTCM,traditional Chinese medicine. PMID:24716104

Wen, Chih-Chun; Shyur, Lie-Fen; Jan, Jia-Tsrong; Liang, Po-Huang; Kuo, Chih-Jung; Arulselvan, Palanisamy; Wu, Jin-Bin; Kuo, Sheng-Chu; Yang, Ning-Sun

2011-10-01

40

Calbindin-D32k Is Localized to a Subpopulation of Neurons in the Nervous System of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria glaberrima (Echinodermata)  

PubMed Central

Members of the calbindin subfamily serve as markers of subpopulations of neurons within the vertebrate nervous system. Although markers of these proteins are widely available and used, their application to invertebrate nervous systems has been very limited. In this study we investigated the presence and distribution of members of the calbindin subfamily in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima (Selenka, 1867). Immunohistological experiments with antibodies made against rat calbindin 1, parvalbumin, and calbindin 2, showed that these antibodies labeled cells and fibers within the nervous system of H. glaberrima. Most of the cells and fibers were co-labeled with the neural-specific marker RN1, showing their neural specificity. These were distributed throughout all of the nervous structures, including the connective tissue plexi of the body wall and podia. Bioinformatics analyses of the possible antigen recognized by these markers showed that a calbindin 2-like protein present in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, corresponded to the calbindin-D32k previously identified in other invertebrates. Western blots with anti-calbindin 1 and anti-parvalbumin showed that these markers recognized an antigen of approximately 32 kDa in homogenates of radial nerve cords of H. glaberrima and Lytechinus variegatus. Furthermore, immunoreactivity with anti-calbindin 1 and anti-parvalbumin was obtained to a fragment of calbindin-D32k of H. glaberrima. Our findings suggest that calbindin-D32k is present in invertebrates and its sequence is more similar to the vertebrate calbindin 2 than to calbindin 1. Thus, characterization of calbindin-D32k in echinoderms provides an important view of the evolution of this protein family and represents a valuable marker to study the nervous system of invertebrates. PMID:22412907

Diaz-Balzac, Carlos A.; Lazaro-Pena, Maria I.; Garcia-Rivera, Enrique M.; Gonzalez, Carlos I.; Garcia-Arraras, Jose E.

2012-01-01

41

Insect Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners use several types of insect sampling and collection equipment to make an insect collection. Learners can collect insects from their schoolyard or yard at home. Insect collections are a good way to estimate the abundance and number of species in an area. This can be a longterm project over a period of days or weeks.

Hill, Ryan; Vandersal, Nicole; Purcell, Alison

2011-01-01

42

Collecting apparatus  

DOEpatents

An improved collecting apparatus for small aquatic or airborne organisms such as plankton, larval fish, insects, etc. The improvement constitutes an apertured removal container within which is retained a collecting bag, and which is secured at the apex of a conical collecting net. Such collectors are towed behind a vessel or vehicle with the open end of the conical net facing forward for trapping the aquatic or airborne organisms within the collecting bag, while allowing the water or air to pass through the apertures in the container. The container is readily removable from the collecting net whereby the collecting bag can be quickly removed and replaced for further sample collection. The collecting bag is provided with means for preventing the bag from being pulled into the container by the water or air flowing therethrough.

Duncan, Charles P. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1983-01-01

43

Collections Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collections conservation is an approach to the preservation treatment of books and book-like materials that is conceptualized and organized in terms of large groups of materials. This guide is intended to enable a library to evaluate its current collections conservation activities. The introduction describes collections conservation and gives…

DeCandido, Robert

44

Collection Mapping and Collection Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of collection mapping to assess media collections of Aurora, Colorado, Public Schools. Case studies of elementary, middle, and high school media centers describe materials selection and weeding and identify philosophies that library collections should support school curriculum, and teacher-library media specialist cooperation in…

Murray, William; And Others

1985-01-01

45

Collective Enumeration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many joint decisions in everyday life (e.g., Which bar is less crowded?) depend on approximate enumeration, but very little is known about the psychological characteristics of counting together. Here we systematically investigated collective approximate enumeration. Pairs of participants made individual and collective enumeration judgments in a…

Bahrami, Bahador; Didino, Daniele; Frith, Chris; Butterworth, Brian; Rees, Geraint

2013-01-01

46

Collective Enumeration  

PubMed Central

Many joint decisions in everyday life (e.g., Which bar is less crowded?) depend on approximate enumeration, but very little is known about the psychological characteristics of counting together. Here we systematically investigated collective approximate enumeration. Pairs of participants made individual and collective enumeration judgments in a 2-alternative forced-choice task and when in disagreement, they negotiated joint decisions via verbal communication and received feedback about accuracy at the end of each trial. The results showed that two people could collectively count better than either one alone, but not as well as expected by previous models of collective sensory decision making in more basic perceptual domains (e.g., luminance contrast). Moreover, such collective enumeration benefited from prior, noninteractive practice showing that social learning of how to combine shared information about enumeration required substantial individual experience. Finally, the collective context had a positive but transient impact on an individual's enumeration sensitivity. This transient social influence may be explained as a motivational factor arising from the fact that members of a collective must take responsibility for their individual decisions and face the consequences of their judgments. PMID:22889187

Bahrami, Bahador; Didino, Daniele; Frith, Chris; Butterworth, Brian; Rees, Geraint

2012-01-01

47

Micrometeorite Collecting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to collect micrometeorites and suggests a number of related activities such as determining the number of meteors entering the atmosphere and determining the composition of the micrometeorites. (BR)

Toubes, Joe; Hoff, Darrel

1974-01-01

48

Spoon Collective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spoon Collective houses descriptive information, discussion archives, paper archives, and links to Websites for three dozen listservs related to the discussion of philosophy, sociology, political science, and literary theory. Some of the topics for the lists include Postcolonialism, Poststructuralism, Feminism, Marxism, and Cultural Studies. Thirteen of the lists are dedicated to the work of influential thinkers, including Jean Baudrillard, Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Foucault, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Martin Heidegger. All content at the Spoon Collective can be searched aggregately.

49

Antislavery Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The digital collections at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst are top-flight and this collection continues that grand tradition. The Antislavery Collection contains several hundred pamphlets and books pertaining to slavery and antislavery in New England from 1725-1911. These items include speeches, sermons, proceedings, and other publications from organizations such as the American Anti-Slavery Society, the American Colonization Society, and a small number of pro-slavery tracts. Visitors can browse the selected titles alphabetically or perform a more detailed search across all of the items. Several documents should not be missed, including speeches by Horace Mann and Ezra Gannett's "Relation of the North to Slavery" delivered in Boston in 1854.

50

Carnival Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Come to the carnival" is a common refrain in New Orleans during the month of February, and this intoxicating collection from Tulane University pays homage to this wonderful cultural tradition. The collection includes over 1,500 float designs from the "Golden Age" of carnival by notable designers such as Jennie Wilde, B.A. Wikstrom, and Charles Briton. Support for the project comes from the late Charles L. "Pie" Dufour who left funds to continue the preservation of these rare and unique ephemeral materials. Visitors can browse at their leisure, and they may wish to start with fanciful designs like the 1870 "Twelfth Night Revelers" float or the 1891 "Atlanteans" design. Also, visitors can select the work of a particular float designer or krewe of note. Also, visitors can search the entire collection by keyword.

2012-02-24

51

Genthe Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Arnold Genthe had an urbane German upbringing in Berlin, Frankfurt, Korbach, and Hamburg. Born in 1869, he wanted to become an artist, but a family relation discouraged him. Fortunately, he ended up moving to America in 1895 to become a tutor, and while there in began to experiment with photography. Over the following five decades, he would go on to document the aftermath of the San Francisco Earthquake and take photos of President Woodrow Wilson, Arturo Toscanini, and many others. Eventually his tremendous collection of work found its way to the Library of Congress, and here visitors can traipse through over 16,000 of his images. Along with a brief overview of the collection, visitors should also read the informative essay here titled "The Negative and the Print: Genthe's Photographic Techniques". It is easy enough to search the collection, although visitors can also browse the selections by name, subject, or format.

Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942

52

Collecting Artifacts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fresh out of college, the author had only a handful of items worthy of displaying, which included some fossils she had collected in her paleontology class. She had binders filled with great science information, but kids want to see "real" science, not paper science. Then it came to her: she could fill the shelves with science artifacts with the…

Coffey, Natalie

2004-01-01

53

Wastewater Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of wastewater collection systems and components. This review covers: (1) planning, (2) construction; (3) sewer system evaluation; (4) maintenance; (5) rehabilitation; (6) overview prevention; and (7) wastewater pumping. A list of 111 references is also presented. (HM)

Chatterjee, Samar; And Others

1978-01-01

54

Collective Instinct  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN response to the appeal which closes Mr. Buck's interesting letter (NATURE, vol. viii. p. 332), the following instance of ``collective instinct'' exhibited by an animal closely allied to the wolf, viz., the Indian jackal, deserves to be recorded. It was communicated to me by a gentleman (since deceased) on whose veracity I can depend. Tnis gentleman was waiting in

George J. Romanes

1873-01-01

55

Collective motion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the observations and the basic laws describing the essential aspects of collective motion - being one of the most common and spectacular manifestation of coordinated behavior. Our aim is to provide a balanced discussion of the various facets of this highly multidisciplinary field, including experiments, mathematical methods and models for simulations, so that readers with a variety of background could get both the basics and a broader, more detailed picture of the field. The observations we report on include systems consisting of units ranging from macromolecules through metallic rods and robots to groups of animals and people. Some emphasis is put on models that are simple and realistic enough to reproduce the numerous related observations and are useful for developing concepts for a better understanding of the complexity of systems consisting of many simultaneously moving entities. As such, these models allow the establishing of a few fundamental principles of flocking. In particular, it is demonstrated, that in spite of considerable differences, a number of deep analogies exist between equilibrium statistical physics systems and those made of self-propelled (in most cases living) units. In both cases only a few well defined macroscopic/collective states occur and the transitions between these states follow a similar scenario, involving discontinuity and algebraic divergences.

Vicsek, Tamás; Zafeiris, Anna

2012-08-01

56

Gillray Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout history, illustrators and others have seen fit to accurately skewer politicians, religious leaders, and countless others through their creative drawings and words. Born in 1756, English illustrator James Gillray was part of this honorable tradition. He reigned supreme during a period that became known as the "golden age of English caricature," and he "chronicled and ridiculed the politicians and ruling class of his day." This collection of his work comes courtesy of Dickson Q. Brown (Princeton class of 1895) who donated 313 prints to the Princeton University Library. Visitors to the site won't want to miss his "A bouquet of the last century" or his highly effective "A peep into the cave of Jacobinism." Overall, it's a delightful set of images, and one that effectively demonstrates the power of such pieces of art and political commentary.

Gillray, James, 1756-1815

57

Hemingway Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ernest Hemingway was a red-blooded man of letters, and one of the 20th century's most celebrated and demonized writers. In 1968, Mary Hemingway arranged to have his papers donated to the Kennedy Library. Over the past several decades, materials related to Hemingway's long career have continued to become part of this very extensive collection. The Kennedy Library has created this specific page to provide both researchers and members of the general public with some basic information about their holdings, along with offering access to a selection of these papers. The photograph galleries are a real treat, as they cover everything from Hemingway's youth in Oak Park all the way up to his last days in Idaho.

58

Collections Management, Collections Maintenance, and Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national survey of the state of the nation's museum collections investigates collection care policies and practices, conservation issues, and private sector and federal support for museum needs. It consists of two major projects and four additional information gathering projects. The Museum Collection Survey is designed to examine all major…

American Association of Museums, Washington, DC.

59

Collection Directions: The Evolution of Library Collections and Collecting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes a broad view of the evolution of collecting behaviors in a network environment and suggests some future directions based on various simple models. The authors look at the changing dynamics of print collections, at the greater engagement with research and learning behaviors, and at trends in scholarly communication. The goal is…

Dempsey, Lorcan; Malpas, Constance; Lavoie, Brian

2014-01-01

60

Anthropological Collections Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article explains the meticulous care and tracking that goes into storing the 530,000 items in the museum's anthropology collection. Along with discussing the inherent differences between the items in each of the collection's three subdivisions (archaeology, ethnology, and biological anthropology), the article covers the nature of collections, preserving anthropology collections and computerizing collections management

61

Transportation Management Research Collection /  

E-print Network

Transportation Management Research Collection / Karl Ruppenthal (collector) Compiled by Graham D;Collection Description Transportation Management Research Collection / Karl Ruppenthal (collector). ­ 1946 in the UBC Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration and Director of the Centre for Transportation

Handy, Todd C.

62

University Endowment Lands Collection /  

E-print Network

University Endowment Lands Collection / various collectors Compiled by Christopher Hives and Erwin of the University Endowment Lands series o University Marine Foreshore Development Committee File List Catalogue entry (UBC Library catalogue) #12;Collection Description University Endowment Lands Collection / various

Handy, Todd C.

63

University of Washington Digital Collections: Menus Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you ever wondered what entrees were served onboard the SS Alaska on July 26, 1938, you need wonder no more. This delightful and hunger-inducing collection of menus was created by the staff at the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collection project, and it contains over 650 menus from the Puget Sound area, including offerings from such venerable institutions as the Space Needle Restaurant and Ivar's Acres of Clams. Visitors should start things off by watching the short video they have created which offers a quick tour through some menu highlights. After that, browse through the collection by subject, or click one of the thematic collections, such as "Hotel Menus" and "Fifties Menus". Still wondering about those entrees on the good ship SS Alaska? They included Smothered Belgian Hare Southern Style and Coconut Fritters with Custard Sauce.

64

Collection Mode Lens System  

DOEpatents

A lens system including a collection lens and a microlens spaced from the collection lens adjacent the region to be observed. The diameter of the observablel region depends substantially on the radius of the microlens.

Fletcher, Daniel A. (Menlo Park, CA); Kino, Gordon S. (Stanford, CA)

2002-11-05

65

Solar energy collecting apparatus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collecting apparatus is described which is integrally incorporated into a conventional building structure so that it does not protrude from the normal contour of the building, and which utilizes components of the building structure as a part of the collecting apparatus to thereby minimize the cost thereof. The collecting apparatus includes a solar energy absorptive panel which

Mcarthur

1980-01-01

66

Student Loan Collection Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual on the collection of student loans is intended for the use of business officers and loan collection personnel of colleges and universities of all sizes. The introductory chapter is an overview of sound collection practices and procedures. It discusses the making of a loan, in-school servicing of the accounts, the exit interview, the…

National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

67

The Rochambeau Map Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Military maps continue to fascinate the general public, and this collection from the American Memory Project at the Library of Congress will be of great interest to those with a penchant for American history and cartography. This particular collection contains maps collected and used by Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau during the American Revolution. Rochambeau served as the commander in chief of the French forces during the Revolution, and this collection contains numerous printed maps that cover much of the continent of North America. Visitors to the collection can search the collection by title, creator, subject, and geographic place. The collection has a number of highlights, including a number of views of Quebec City, maps of military fortifications, and the defenses of the city of Boston.

68

Hampton Dunn Postcards Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of South Florida has expanded their digital collections by leaps and bounds in the past few months, and this particular addition is a real find. The Hampton Dunn Postcards Collection contains over 2600 digitized postcards that feature scenes from early twentieth century Florida. Within this collection, visitors will find color images of street scenes, natural vistas, and Floridians at work and play. Visitors will find plenty of urban scenes, along with some rather fascinating images of various public parks and gardens scattered throughout the Sunshine State. Browsing the collection is quite easy, and visitors can also search the collection in its entirety. Finally, visitors should also browse through some of the other digital collections offered by the University of South Florida Libraries.

69

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

70

The East Asian Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin Digital Collections initiative continues to surprise and delight visitors to their collections. Their latest offering is certainly no different; it includes historical images that present a visual archive of 20th century East Asian cultural heritage. The collection is actually comprised of two subcollections, namely the Holmes Welch Collection and the China in the 30s Collection. Holmes Welch was a scholar of modern Chinese religions whose family donated his library of primary photographic materials of religious life in China and Hong Kong to the University of Wisconsin after he died in 1981. The China in the 1930s Collection contains a number of images connected with the military, which are mostly associated with the Japanese invasion of China and the Sino-Japanese Conflict.

71

Bridge-NOAA Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bridge-NOAA Collection is a selection of exemplary resources from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that have been reviewed by educators and found to be well-suited for educational purposes. The collection also emphasizes professional-development opportunities for teachers. There is a strong focus on research data and its use in teaching. The collection provides educators with accurate and useful information on global, national, and regional ocean-science topics.

2007-10-19

72

Discovery Collection: Oyster Shells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Oyster Shells is one of the AMNH Education Department's many collections of specimens and artifacts gathered the world over by explorers and scientists. In its online Discovery Collection form, Oyster Shells includes photographs of 15 specimens with classification and distribution details, an interactive key that guides you through specimen identification, an activity where students select and identify a specimen photograph using the interactive identification key and an Educator's Guide with suggestions for how to use the Oyster Shells Discovery Collection in the classroom.

Breslof, Lisa; Schiller, William

73

Discovery Collection: Marine Animals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Marine Animals is one of the AMNH Education Department's many collections of specimens and artifacts gathered the world over by explorers and scientists. In its online Discovery Collection form, Marine Animals includes photographs of 20 specimens with classification and distribution details, an interactive key that guides you through specimen identification, an activity where students select and identify a specimen photograph using the interactive identification key and an Educator's Guide with suggestions for how to use the Marine Animals Discovery Collection in the classroom.

Breslof, Lisa; Schiller, William

74

Solar energy collection system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An improved solar energy collection system, having enhanced energy collection and conversion capabilities, is delineated. The system is characterized by a plurality of receivers suspended above a heliostat field comprising a multiplicity of reflector surfaces, each being adapted to direct a concentrated beam of solar energy to illuminate a target surface for a given receiver. A magnitude of efficiency, suitable for effectively competing with systems employed in collecting and converting energy extracted from fossil fuels, is indicated.

Selcuk, M. K. (inventor)

1977-01-01

75

History Center Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society has created these remarkable digital collections to celebrate the unique history of this corner of Indiana. First-time visitors can explore the About mDON area to get a nice overview of its work, while the Search feature allows visitors to look over collections by historical period, title, and interpretive theme. Some thematic collections include "Making of a People" and "Miami Indians.â This last collection is quite fascinating as it includes treaty documents, letters from government officials, and information about payments made to the Miami over time.

76

Computational Emotions Encourage Collective  

E-print Network

Computational Emotions Encourage Collective Behavior in Population Dynamics Megan Olsen University population to cooperate and improve their population's fitness. 196 #12;1 Introduction Collective behavior can refer to both human and animal tendencies to influence each other's behavior. In this paper we

Pollack, Jordan B.

77

The British Museum Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

As it is proposed to remove the Natural History collections from the British Museum to Kensington, I hope care will be taken to make the collections as serviceable as possible to students. In particular the British Department might, with great gain to all, be extended and improved. There is now but one small room devoted to British zoology, and this

L. A. W

1870-01-01

78

Solar energy collection panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collection panel is described for collecting solar energy to heat water. The panel is a simple, two component arrangement. That is, a cast, one piece construction provides a combined base and frame for the panel and defines the bottom and side walls of a plurality of separate channels for the flow of water to be heated directly

Ogilvie

1981-01-01

79

Solar energy collecting system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collecting system is described, which may be operated to provide usable energy throughout the year, comprises a plurality of rows of elongate radiant solar energy collecting panels, each having upper and lower edges, being mounted to form an angle to the horizon and to face the sun's position at solar noon. An elongate reflector, also having upper

Broberg

1977-01-01

80

Collecting corals for histopathology.  

E-print Network

. Find one that is at least 2 kg as this will facilitate hammering underwater Plastic collecting bags. 100 ml urine collection jars are cheap and work well. Sharpie Label plastic bags and jars Plastic bag Holds your sample bags underwater Rongeurs Useful to sample branching corals Core sampler Useful

Torgersen, Christian

81

Methodologies for data collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Electronic disease surveillance systems can be extremely valuable tools; however, a critical step in system implementation is collecting data. Without accurate and complete data, statistical anomalies that are detected hold little meaning. Many people who have established successful surveillance systems acknowledge the initial data collection process to be one of the most challenging aspects of system implementation. Methods: This

Sheri Lewis; Richard Wojcik

2008-01-01

82

Developing an Electronic Collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet has had a profound impact on the way people access and use information, especially in the area of monitoring and protecting human rights. This article reviews the development of the University of Minnesota Human Rights Library, one of the largest collections of human rights documents available on the web. The focus is on how the collection was built,

Marci Hoffman

2001-01-01

83

Garbage collection without paging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Garbage collection offers numerous software engineering advantages, but interacts poorly with virtual memory managers. Existing garbage collectors require far more pages than the application's working set and touch pages without regard to which ones are in memory, especially during full-heap garbage collection. The resulting paging can cause throughput to plummet and pause times to spike up to seconds or even

Matthew Hertz; Yi Feng; Emery D. Berger

2005-01-01

84

UNO's Afghanistan Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the background history and sources of the Afghanistan collection at the University Library, University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO). Credit for the impetus behind the development of the collection is given to Chris Jung, a former UNO geography/geology faculty member; Ronald Roskens, then UNO chancellor; and the Afghanistan…

McKernan, M. D.

85

Aaron Copland Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress American Memory Collection has announced the first release of the Aaron Copland Collection Website, which draws on a collection of over 400,000 items at the LOC. This first release contains approximately 1,000 items, totalling over 5,000 images. Most of these date from the 1920s through the 1950s and were selected from Copland's music sketches, correspondence, writings, and photographs. The collections may be searched by keyword or browsed by Musical Sketches, Writings, Correspondence, Photographs, Title Index, or a Works List. All images are available in multiple resolutions. Special presentations include a brief introduction to Copland's music, an illustrated timeline, and a collection of articles written in tribute of the composer's 75th birthday.

86

Urine collection device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A urine collection device for females is described. It is comprised of a collection element defining a urine collection chamber and an inlet opening into the chamber and is adapted to be disposed in surrounding relation to the urethral opening of the user. A drainage conduit is connected to the collection element in communication with the chamber whereby the chamber and conduit together comprise a urine flow pathway for carrying urine generally away from the inlet. A first body of wicking material is mounted adjacent the collection element and extends at least partially into the flow pathway. The device preferably also comprise a vaginal insert element including a seal portion for preventing the entry of urine into the vagina.

Michaud, R. B. (inventor)

1981-01-01

87

The Wittliff Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded at Texas State University-San Marcos by Austin screenwriter and photographer Bill Wittliff and his wife Sally, the Wittliff Collections bring together "the Southwest's literature, film, and music." Visitors to the website can share in all of these cultural wonders, including materials from the Southwestern Writers Collection and several extensive photography collections. First-time visitors should head on over to "The Collections" area to take in the travel narrative of Cabeza de Vaca, found in the Southwestern Writers Collection "Research and Archives", and a wonderful tribute to the TV series and book, "Lonesome Dove". Moving on, the "Exhibitions & Events" area contains information about their various traveling exhibits, events, and writer talks. The site is rounded out by an online gift store and more details about their book series and anthologies of Southwestern writers.

88

Debt collection project report  

SciTech Connect

In October 1979 the Office of Management and Budget initiated a review of debt collection within the Federal Government. A DOE Debt Collection Project Team was established, and seven activites were selected for review. These were Albuquerque Operations Office; Bonneville Power Administration; Chicago Operations and Regional Office; Naval Petroleum Reserves, California; Oak Ridge Operations Office; Washington Financial Services Division; and Western Area Power Administration. The team visited each of these activities to collect data on the size, age, and types of receivables managed and procedures for billing, aging, and handling overdue accounts. Various deficiencies were found to exist at several of the DOE entities that are not consistent with good management practices in the performance of their debt collection functions. Also, the Debt Collection Project Team identified a wide variation in the procedures followed by DOE activities in the management of accounts receivable, and a wide variation in the effectiveness of the debt management functions. 1 figure, 17 tables. (RWR)

Not Available

1980-05-01

89

University of Michigan Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Michigan has been developing online digital collections for well over a decade, and their image collections cover everything from architecture to zoology. On this site, visitors can browse through the various collections at their leisure. They are arranged alphabetically, and first-time users would do well just to look over the "Art/Art History" section. Here they will find art images that can be used in the college classroom, tremendous holdings from their textiles collections, and a special section dedicated to Egyptian amulets. Also included here are collections from the University of Michigan's Herbarium Fungus Image Database and field notes. Not every site can say they have "something for everyone", but just about anyone with an interest in the visual arts, science, or the humanities in general will find something to pique their interest.

90

UWM Book Arts Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here's a chance to get a look at 31 artists' books, in digital form, without having to make a trip to the Special Collections Department at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Included in the collection are exampled of many different book and paper arts techniques, such as papermaking, different styles of hand-binding, and page design. Browsing the collection works better than searching, because it's a bit difficult to predict what terms will result in a successful search in a collection as varied as this. The books have been scanned carefully, so that it is possible to not only read every page but also to see the style of the covers and binding details. For example, "Book" by Brian Borchardt, consists of a series of short quotes related to books, including the well-known Jorge Luis Borges, "I have always imagined that paradise will be a kind of library."

91

Mineralogy Collections Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural History Museum (NHM) of London offers several quality online sites including the Mineralogy Collections Database. The interface allows users to search the collection by BM number, rock name, country of origin, locality, donor, and more. Results contain all of the aforementioned information as well as a link to a full description. Although a browse feature and photographs are not available, the site does give those who are serious about petrology an easy way to locate and get information about specimens the museum holds. If more information is sought, the site also provides links to additional facts on the petrology collection, information on other petrology collections, NHM petrology research, and NHM analytical facilities.

92

The Phillips Collection: Multimedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Phillips Collection, like many other museums, is now providing a page on its website where a wide variety of multimedia - sound, moving images, virtual visits - has been gathered for easy access. For example, visitors can view six short videos that accompany the current exhibition, Georges Braque and the Cubist Still Life. The Collection's Intersections series also provides multimedia, such as "One Day, After the Rain," by Sandra Cinto, the artist's introduction to a set of drawings on canvas inspired by Arthur Dove's landscapes in the Phillips permanent collection, installed on the walls of the museum cafÃÂé. Also in the multimedia area, find links to download the Phillips Collection app for smartphones, and recorded lectures in iTunesU.

2013-01-01

93

Sweat collection capsule  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Capsule, with filter paper insert, is used to collect sweat for rate monitoring, chromatographic analysis, or active sweat gland location within specified area. Construction of capsule allows change of inserts while device remains strapped in place.

Delaplaine, R. W.; Greenleaf, J. E.

1979-01-01

94

Mount Horeb Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors to Wisconsin often find themselves wandering through Mount Horeb, which is no surprise given its historical and cultural curiosities. This digital collection from the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections (UWDC) offers a range of printed materials depicting the early 20th century in this quaint town. The items here include church histories, family memories, books about the celebrated Norway Building, and other publications from the Mount Horeb Area Historical Society. All told, there are 23 documents here, including several rare photographs of John F. Kennedy giving campaign speeches during his 1960 trek through Wisconsin. It's worth noting that visitors can search the entire collection and, if they choose, go on to the complete state of Wisconsin collection homepage.

2012-01-01

95

HHMI Wiki Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This wiki (a wiki is a website designed to let many people collaborate by adding and editing content) is a growing collection of information and resources for teaching physics for life sciences at the college and university level.

Catherine Crouch (Swarthmore College;); Mark Reeves (George Washington University;); Suzanne Amador Kane (Haverford College;); Robert Hilborn (University of Texas, Dallas;); Timothy McKay (University of Michigan;)

2010-05-25

96

Winterthur Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Winterthur Museum in Wilmington, Delaware is one of the premier museums of American material culture, located in the childhood home of industrialist and collector Henry Francis du Pont (1880-1969). For those unable to visit in person, the Winterthur Digital Collection includes detailed records, many accompanied by images, for the majority of the approximately 90,000 collection objects - including ceramics, furniture, glass, prints, paintings, metalwork, and textiles, most dating from about 1600 to 1860. At the main page to the online collection, artifacts are organized into searchable categories, such as Ceramics, Glass, Furniture, or Textiles and Needlework. Searchers can click a check box to limit to only those items that have images, and there is also an advanced search function, handy for known item searching. Textiles and needlework is one of the largest collection areas at over 18,000 items; limiting to items with images only reduces the number to about 8,000.

97

Vermont SIRI MSDS Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Vermont Safety Information Resources, Inc., this searchable material safety data sheets collection can be searched by company or compound name. Visitors can also search for toxicology reports by chemical name, chemical trade name, or the CAS or RTECS number.

2009-07-14

98

ADVANCED ELECTROSTATIC COLLECTION CONCEPTS  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper discusses the results of EPA's tests of five electrostatic collection concepts over the last 4 years: electric curtain, electrostatic scrubbing, electrostatic fiber beds, charged droplet scrubbing, and electrostatic effects on fabric filters. Of the five, electrostatic...

99

Collecting Arthropod Specimens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, part of Biodiversity Counts, takes a look at methods for collecting arthropod specimens. It outlines six methods, explaining the sort of terrain and specimens for which each is best suited.

100

UCSF Japanese Prints Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at San Francisco has spent thirty years cultivating its collection of Japanese woodblock prints, and it has become an important part of the Library's East Asian Collection. The collection of 400 digitized prints concern Japanese health-related topics from the mid-19th century, and portray the gradual acceptance of Western medicine. Visitors can view the collection by theme or perform a search to find something more specific. The themes include "Contagious Diseases", which focuses on smallpox, measles and cholera, "Foreigners and Disease", which highlights the Japanese belief that foreigners carried diseases to Japan, and "Drug Advertisements". The "Drug Advertisements" are quite possibly the most beautiful drug ads in existence, and they feature elaborate images of drugs slaying disease, kabuki actors promoting a show sponsored by a children's medicine, Kindoru powder, and a detailed rendering of the interior of a drugstore, printed on a fan that was given out as a promotional item to advertise the business.

101

Texas Fashion Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of North Texas (UNT) Fashion Collection is "dedicated to the preservation and documentation of historically significant fashion." It's a terrific resource for students, researchers, and the general public. The collection got its start when Stanley and Edward Marcus worked to ensure that these items came to UNT in 1972 to support the growing fashion design program. Currently, there are over 15,000 items in the collection, some of which have been photographed and included as part of this online collection. Currently, over 500 items are available for browsing by decade, country of origin, and other themes. It's fun to look at the dresses, particularly the work from the 1980s by Oscar De la Renta and earlier works from the Roaring 20s.

102

Calisphere: Themed Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California has worked diligently to create themed collections for teachers and others interested in California history. The Calisphere gateway provides access to 200,000 digitized items, so it's great to see that those involved have created these smaller and more manageable collections as part of this fantastic effort. The collections are organized chronologically into sections that include "1780-1880: California in Transition" and "1929-1939: The Great Depression." Each of these areas contains more detailed topical explorations, complete with Questions to Consider, a collection of images, a historical overview, and lesson plans. Educators will find these materials invaluable and anyone else interested in California history will enjoy them as well.

2012-09-21

103

Digital Library Curriculum collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Library Curriculum collection contains modules that form the basis for one or a several courses on digital libraries - thus constituting a unified curriculum for the field. They also can be used in computer science, library science, information science, and other programs for other types of courses or as supplements to an existing course. Core topics include digital objects, collection development, knowledge organization, architecture, user behavior and interactions, servics, preservation, management and evaluation and digital library education and research.

2011-01-04

104

Confederate Broadside Poetry Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Wake Forest University Library, this collection features over 250 poems written by southerners and Confederate sympathizers during the American Civil War. The online examples include scanned pamphlets and clippings as well as broadsides. The collection is recognized as strongly representative of popular Southern war poetry and represents a wide range of subjects, tones, and abilities. Sample selections include: "Cotton is King," The Devil's Visit to 'Old Abe'," "God Help Kentucky," and "Hurrah for Jeff. Davis."

1998-01-01

105

Theorizing Collective Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay rejects the idea that 'collective identity' and 'cultural identity' are necessarily the same. Its aim is to preserve\\u000a the usefulness of the former notion, by introducing 'the integrative circle of collective identity' as a terminological toolbox.\\u000a This diagrammatic formula may help us find a common terminological language with which to handle the multitude of concrete\\u000a variations on the

Zoltán Abádi-Nagy

2003-01-01

106

Living Stock Collections (LSC)  

NSF Publications Database

The Living Stock Collections (LSC) program supports operation of and improvements in outstanding collections of living organisms used in basic biological research. The program provides support for two types of projects. Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that supplements the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (GPM) ...

107

Episodes of Collective Invention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of developing technology through open discussion has been called collective invention. Open source software projects have this form. This paper documents two earlier episodes of collective invention and proposes a general model based on search theory. One episode was the development of mass production steel in the U.S. (1866-1885), and the second with early personal computers (1975-1985). Technical

Peter B. Meyer

2003-01-01

108

The Clark: Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Museum at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute may currently be closed for renovation (until July 4, 2014), but in the meantime digital collections from the Library at the Clark are still available online. The Library's special collections are diverse and include formats such as artists' books, photographs, clippings, digitized books, archival finding aids, and ephemera. One important collection is the David A. Hanson Collection of the History of Photomechanical Reproduction. This collection documents the history of the methods used since the early 1800s through the 20th century to reproduce and print artwork in books as well as for the image-buying public. Suggested browse terms, with the number of items of each type indicated in parentheses, are Collotypes (85), Halftones (62), Photolithographs (44) and Woodburytypes (31). Other digitized collections document the history of the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, and nearby Williams College, such as the "Newsletter of the Williams College Graduate Program in the History of Art.âÂÂà

109

Digitial Collections: Boston College  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John J. Burns Library, Rare Books and Special Collections at Boston College, offers some of its collections on the Web. The largest is the Liturgy and Life Collection, approximately 1,200 artifacts selected from perhaps the "most comprehensive archive in America on the pre-Vatican II Catholic Church." Also available are Boston Gas Company photos, about 400 images from the 1880s to the 1970s, documenting both the company and the city of Boston, and Thomas P. O'Neill Photographs, primarily from O'Neill's years as Speaker of the US House of Representatives. All of the databases allow browsing as well as searching, very helpful for users who do not know if Saint Christopher is entered as St. or Saint. Unlike other religious history collections, many of the pictures in Liturgy & Life are images of objects that people owned and carried in their pockets, such as the nineteen Saint Christopher medals that I located with the browse function. Be sure to check out the Gas Company collection's fascinating views of pre-1900 Boston, including over 200 cyanotypes that reproduce beautifully on the Web.

110

Wolfsonian Museum: Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What South Florida cultural institution is eclectic and borders on the eccentric? The Wolfsonian answers its own question as it houses everything from Art Deco household objects to rare books. The institution was founded in 1986 to exhibit, document, and preserve the Mitchell Wolfson, Jr. Collection of Decorative and Propaganda Arts. A decade later it became part of Florida International University. On their Collections page, visors can look through items organized into twelve themes, including Art Nouveau, Colonialism, and World's Fairs and Expeditions. One area that should not be missed is the collection of items related to the Works Progress Administration and the New Deal. Here, visitors can look over hundreds of prints, posters, and original pieces created during this most unique period in America's recent artistic past. Finally, visitors shouldn't neglect the opportunity to craft their own specialized search as they look through this fabulously diverse archive.

111

Extension Project Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The legacy of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) is evident in the thousands of various public projects they completed across the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. Across the country they employed thousands of persons, working on projects such as staging plays and crafting murals in public schools. One of their lesser known projects was the "Museum Extension Project", which was administered at the state level. The project produced hundreds of architectural models, dioramas, figurines, and other objects, designed for use in a host of educational settings. Fortunately enough, the Broward County Library in Fort Lauderdale, Florida has preserved over 700 of these visual aids, and placed them online in this digital collection. Visitors can read a fine introductory essay by librarian Jim Findlay about the WPA and the Museum Extension Project, then proceed to search the collection at their leisure. Overall, this is a rather fine collection and one that is well presented.

112

Jack Sheaffer Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1929, Jack Sheaffer chronicled the explosive growth of Arizona during the better part of the 20th century. He attended Tucson High School, joined the Air Force in 1954, and then started working as a contract photographer for the Arizona Daily Star. Sheaffer was the chief photographer for the paper between 1955 and 1982, and this voluminous collection presents a healthy sampling of his work. Here visitors can make their way through over 10,000 photographs digitized by the University of Arizona Libraries Digital Collections. Visitors can perform a detailed search across the entire collection, but it's also fun to just type in a keyword or two, such as Tucson, roads, or parades. Visitors will note that the subjects covered by Sheaffer are vast, and they include tragic accidents, local beauty pageants, and the Tucson Rodeo. All told, this site offers an amazing portrait of Arizona in the latter half of the 20th century.

113

Heat collection system  

SciTech Connect

A heat collection system is disclosed which is capable of collecting heat from an animal husbandry enclosures such as a dairy barn, and transferring the heat into a home. Animal husbandry enclosures, such as dairy barns, tend to have excess heat, even in winter, the excess heat normally being wasted. The heat is collected by a pair of evaporators located in the dairy barn, with the evaporators being oversized to limit the amount of cooling taking place in the barn. Fluid from the evaporators is compressed by compressors after which it passes through a condenser from which heat may be extracted into the home. Pressure regulating valves are provided to insure that the compressors are not overloaded and to insure that a maximum heating effect is achieved. A thermostatically controlled fan is provided to drive air across the condenser so that heat is introduced into the home.

Ramlow, B.L.; Steele, R.R.

1982-04-06

114

IUPUI Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The creation of the unified Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) brought together a number of different academic institutions into one large campus. The history of these predecessor institutions (such as the Indiana University Herron School of Art) is an interesting one, and the development of the campus since the late 1960s speaks volumes about the growth of higher education across the United States. This digital collection was funded in part by the Jeannette Morrow Matthew Fund for Archival Photography, and it contains over 9200 images from IUPUI's University Archives. The collection doesn't have any thematic areas for easy browsing, so visitors may have to make use of the "Advanced Search" feature to find exactly what they are looking for here. The collection documents all aspects of university life, including interior building shots, student activities, scientific endeavors, faculty members, campus expansion, and so on.

115

Kansas Collection Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spencer Research Library at the University of Kansas has a vast cornucopia of materials related to Kansas history. Some of their collections deal with the state's native wildflowers, maps, and aerial photographs of Kansas City. On this site, visitors will find over 250 images that document the history and peoples of the Sunflower State. The offerings here are part of a much larger collection, and over time the collection will grow to include several thousand digitized images. Visitors can click on the "Category Pages" to look for items by "what", "where", or "when". The offerings here include images of harvesting machinery, home life, urban streetscapes, and political figures from the 19th century.

116

Collections Online: Joseph Cornell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Joseph Cornell was a man of many talents, and during his sixty-nine years his artistic endeavors included short films, shadow boxes, colleges, and his well-known assemblages. After his death in 1972, his sister began the process of donating his personal papers and various effects to the Smithsonian Institution. Over the past few years, the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art have worked to place a number of these materials online. First-time visitors can read a brief biography of Cornell in the "About the Collection" area and then move on to the "View Collection" section. Users will find that the collection is arranged into eleven series, which include areas dedicated to his diaries and various ephemera. Some sections of note here include the seventh series which contains some of Cornell's later inkblot drawings and unfinished collages. Lastly, the second series here includes correspondence with artists who Cornell admired and collaborated with, such as Geraldine Page and Mark Rothko.

117

The LIFE Picture Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although this is a commercial site with pictures and images for sale, users can nonetheless view and appreciate one of "the most extraordinary collections of pictures in the world" at The Picture Collection from Time, Inc. An initial free registration is required, and after that users need only log on to gain access to over 22 million images, including illustrations, prints, and photographs. Archival materials from many popular magazines are available here, including images from Time, Life, Sports Illustrated, People, and Entertainment Weekly, as well as material from the recently acquired Mansell Collection. "Mansell photographs date from the beginnings of the medium in the 1840s through World War II [and] depict a vast range of scenics, important news events, and historical personalities, with a special emphasis on art and architecture. In addition, the new Mansell Collection includes extraordinary holdings of engraved illustrations, lithographs, and drawings predating the advent of photographic imaging." In addition to a key word search function, The Picture Collection offers a special searching and licensing program that lets you search for and store materials in "Lightboxes" of your own creation for later use; these are similar to folders that one might use in a conventional software setting. The program also calculates licensing fees for images based on what type of usage is intended (newspaper, magazine, Website, etc.). Research help is available for those users who would like someone else to do the searching, with one half-hour of free research offered initially. After that, a fee of 85 dollars an hour is charged; some or all of this fee may be waived if one or more images are licensed. An excellent help section rounds out this site and makes perusing this amazing (if somewhat overwhelming) collection even more pleasurable.

118

Edgar Fahs Smith Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the University of Pennsylvania Library, the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image offers a unique collection of chemistry related photographs. The pictures are in three categories and include scientist's portraits, apparatus images, and laboratory images. For example, a link to a 19th century pressure chamber brings up the photograph, information on the people in it, image information, and any other available facts. This very interesting collection can be browsed or searched by keyword and will easily take up several hours of your time.

2002-01-01

119

Native American Manuscript Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Oklahoma's Western History Collection, the Native American Manuscript Collections contain over 200 documents relating to Native Americans in Oklahoma, Indian Territory, and the southwestern United States. On the homepage, visitors can browse the manuscripts, which are listed by nation. The Creek Nation area is quite fascinating, as there are over 35 documents here including handwritten journals, trading company ledgers, and letters from farmers like James M. Latty and other Creeks. After this introduction, visitors can browse around through the works of other nations, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw.

120

Community Annotated Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Community Annotated Collection gathers feedback from people who have used a DLESE resource to teach or to learn. Such feedback can be simple comments, tips about resource use or full structured reviews. Full reviews embody DLESE Reviewed Collection (DRC) selection criteria (scientific accuracy, pedagogical effectiveness, ease of use, robustness as a digital resource) and whether a resource is suitable for use with specific learner characteristics. This review information is gathered into editor's summary, bar graphs on the quantitative rubrics and tabulated data about a resource's effectiveness with specific learner characteristics. General reviews, tips and comments embody resource use, instructor tips or student reactions.

121

Portable data collection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a portable data collection device that has a variety of sensors that are interchangeable with a variety of input ports in the device. The various sensors include a data identification feature that provides information to the device regarding the type of physical data produced by each sensor and therefore the type of sensor itself. The data identification feature enables the device to locate the input port where the sensor is connected and self adjust when a sensor is removed or replaced. The device is able to collect physical data, whether or not a function of a time. 7 figs.

French, P.D.

1996-06-11

122

Portable data collection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a portable data collection device that has a variety of sensors that are interchangeable with a variety of input ports in the device. The various sensors include a data identification feature that provides information to the device regarding the type of physical data produced by each sensor and therefore the type of sensor itself. The data identification feature enables the device to locate the input port where the sensor is connected and self adjust when a sensor is removed or replaced. The device is able to collect physical data, whether or not a function of a time.

French, Patrick D. (Aurora, CO)

1996-01-01

123

Everett Massacre Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Everett Massacre on November 5, 1916 was a tragic end to weeks of social unrest and general upheaval between labor and management around the world. This digital collection from the University of Washington Libraries documents labor's perspective on the event, also known as EverettâÂÂs Bloody Sunday, through newspaper articles, postcards, photographs, and fliers. First-time visitors might wish to start with the essay titled, "What Happened That Day in Everett.â Visitors can browse the complete collection or check out the sample searches, such as "Everett Defense Newsletters" and "Seattle Union Record.âÂÂ

124

Light Collecting Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an activity about telescopes. Learners will first measure several circles to determine their diameters and calculate their areas. Afterwards, they will cover each circle entirely with pennies and record how many pennies are needed for each circle size. The concept to be explored is that as the diameter of a telescope lens or mirror increases, the telescope is thus able to collect more light. This is Activity J-1 of Universe at Your Fingertips 2.0: A Collection of Activities and Resources for Teaching Astronomy DVD-ROM, which is available for purchase.

125

Collecting Climate Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This professional development article identifies resources that show young learners (K-grade 5) how scientists study Earth's climate and make predictions. The online lessons either allow students to collect and analyze data or learn about tools and technologies that make data collection possible. The lessons are aligned with national content standards for science education. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which examines the recognized essential principles of climate literacy and the climate sciences for elementary teachers and their students.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

2011-09-01

126

Multiple Intelligences: A Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a concise resource for Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences and its implications for schooling around the world, this collection is designed for educators, parents, and others interested in education. The first section discusses Gardner and his background, and the second section expounds his theory. The third section explores the…

Fogarty, Robin, Ed.; Bellanca, James, Ed.

127

Television's new humane collectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of the manifest content of Taxi, Barney Miller, Lou Grant, and M*A*S*H reveals three predominant fantasy themes: the realization of significant others, the alliance in action, and membership into personhood. From these three themes emerges a rhetorical vision, the new humane collectivity, which focuses on a meaningful and rewarding existence based on humane, sympathetic awareness of and concern for

Robert L. Schrag; Richard A. Hudson; Lawrance M. Bernabo

1981-01-01

128

COLLECTING AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a National Science Teachers Association PDF file located on Cornell University's website. The lesson plan is devoted to collecting and assessing stream macroinvertebrates for the purpose of stream water quality study. The last few pages feature some nice drawings of various grouips; stoneflies, beetle larvae, caddisflies, etc, with key determination characters, and an idea of their tolerance to pollution.

0002-11-30

129

Collections Define Cataloging's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of catalogers within academic libraries is evolving to meet new demands and cultivating a broader understanding of cataloging--one that focuses on collections, not the catalog, and applies cataloger expertise across metadata activities. Working collaboratively as never before, catalogers are reinventing their place within the library.

Simpson, Betsy

2007-01-01

130

Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Doris Ulmann, born in 1882, became known for her photographs of the people of the rural South and Appalachia. At the age of 50 Ulmann fell seriously ill, and just before her death she established the Doris Ulmann Foundation, which transferred the entire contents of her studio to the Colombia University Library. The large photograph collection eventually ended up at University of Oregon Library's Special Collections, the New York Historical Society, Berea College, and the University of Kentucky. Here, visitors can find the University of Oregon's Ulmann collection, which represents a bulk of the material originally held at Colombia. Those interested in browsing the collection can click on "Browse All" or "Browse by Theme," or perform a keyword search. The themes to browse by include, Berea College, Craftswomen, Rural Portraits, Rural Scenes, and Still Life. Visitors can even save their favorite photographs under the "My Favorites" tab, accessible once a theme has been chosen. Under the "About" link, visitors can click read more about Doris Ulmann.

2008-01-01

131

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING between the  

E-print Network

COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENT between the UNIVERSITY of MEDICINE and DENTISTRY of NEW JERSEY This Agreement is effective July1, 2005 by and between the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey as described in Article I. B. The term "Association" as used in this Agreement shall mean the Health Related

Liu, Alice Y.C.

132

collection: thought experiments  

E-print Network

safely take what he liked out of the market, or go into houses and lie with any one at his pleasure? Or deny the faculty member tenure? Why? Teaching Research Tenure Member 1 Yes No No Member 2 No Yes No Member 3 Yes Yes Yes Collective Yes Yes Yes or No? #12;The Model-T Suppose several people push a Model

Wolfe, Patrick J.

133

Solar energy collecting panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collecting panel comprises a hollow collector through which an intermediate fluid is circulated to be warmed by solar radiation incident on the panel. The panel comprises a panel body including a general channel-shaped section comprising first wall having a pair of side walls extending along and projecting from a pair of opposed edges of said first wall,

Giuganino

1980-01-01

134

Solar energy collection system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collection system for a building is described. A solar energy collector is disposed at the exterior surface of the building and includes a solar energy absorbent body having a surface which is exposed to sunlight and from which solar energy can be transmitted as sensible heat. A panel which is transparent to sunlight is spaced from the

Hummell

1978-01-01

135

Solar energy collection system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar energy collection system for a building is described. A solar energy collector is disposed at the exterior surface of the building and includes a solar energy absorbent body having a surface which is exposed to sunlight and from which solar energy can be transmitted as sensible heat. A panel which is transparent to sunlight is spaced from the

1982-01-01

136

Traffic Data Collection Methodologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of this research was to field-test portable and permanently-installed non-intrusive traffic data collection equipment. Four sites were selected in the Uniontown, Pennsylvania area. The primary objective of the site selection was to provide a cro...

J. French, M. French

2006-01-01

137

May 4 Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The shock, anger, and sadness that the world felt when four students were killed by the National Guard during a 1970 war protest on the campus of Kent State University in Ohio will hopefully never be repeated. For researchers, students, faculty, staff, and members of the community, the memories of that tragedy, both written and recorded, have been compiled by the Department of Special Collections and Archives of Kent State University. The May 4 Collection has its own website, which is comprised of such links as a table of "Contents", "Index", "Exhibits/Chronologies", "Oral History Project", and "History Day Help". The "May 4 Collection Contents" reveals that there are 211 boxes of papers, records, newspaper articles, photographs, radio recordings, and comic strips that constitute the May 4 Collection. The "Oral History Project" link explains the ongoing project of recording "first-person narratives and personal reactions to the events of May 4, 1970." It aims to record narratives of all viewpoints of those "whose lives were affected by these historical events."

138

ROTCH LIBRARY COLLECTIONS  

E-print Network

ROTCH LIBRARY QUIET STUDY STUDY CARREL STUDY CARREL FOLIOS QUIET STUDY A-H 6 PAMPHLETS J-NA4999 ARE HERE *RESTROOMS ARE LOCATED OUTSIDE OF LIBRARY 2 QUIET STUDY MICROFICHE/ MICROFILM STUDY CARREL STUDY/Microfilm Pamphlets Public Computers Quiet Study Reference Collection Restrooms - outside of library Scanner, Copier

139

ROTCH LIBRARY COLLECTIONS  

E-print Network

ROTCH LIBRARY QUIET STUDY STUDY CARREL STUDY CARREL FOLIOS QUIET STUDY A-H 6 PAMPHLETS J-NA4999 ARE HERE *RESTROOMS ARE LOCATED OUTSIDE OF LIBRARY 2 QUIET STUDY MICROFICHE/ MICROFILM STUDY CARREL STUDY/Microfilm Pamphlets Public Computers Quiet Study Reference Collection Restrooms - outside of library Rotch Visual

140

A Survey of Collectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Due to the increasing sophistication and miniaturization of computational com- ponents, complex, distributed systems of interacting agents are becoming ubiquitous. Such systems, where each agent aims to optimize its own performance, but where there is a well- defined set of system-level performance criteria, are called collectives. The fundamental prob- lem in analyzing\\/designing such systems is in determining how the

Kagan Tumer; David Wolpert

2004-01-01

141

Deterritorializing Collective Biography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a new move in the methodological practice of collective biography, by provoking a shift beyond any remnant attachment to the speaking/writing subject towards her dispersal and displacement via textual interventions that stress multivocality. These include the use of photographs, drama, and various genres of writing. Using a…

Gannon, Susanne; Walsh, Susan; Byers, Michele; Rajiva, Mythili

2014-01-01

142

The Arts Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A growing collection currently developing at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the Arts Collection intends to bring together "in digital form, primary and secondary materials relating to the creative arts as broadly defined: visual, literary, musical, and performing." The first components of the collection are a journal Arts in Society, published at University of Wisconsin from 1958 to 1976, and the exhibition catalog from a show of photographs by Lewis Koch, "Notes from the Stone-paved Path: Meditations on North India", exhibited at UW-Madison in 2003. The catalog was a little cantankerous viewed with Safari on MAC OSX, but includes over a dozen high quality black-and-white photographs by Koch, paired with books and poetry from the UW-Madison Libraries Special Collections. The full text of 41 issues of Arts in Society is available; the journal primarily published themed issues, such as Volume 5, Issue 1 (1968) happenings and intermedia, which kicks off with an introduction by editor Edward L. Kamarck entitled "Intermedia is a better name than happenings: what we had in mind in putting together this issue".

143

Reference Collection Development Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this policy is to outline those principles that guide the development of the Reference Collection at the Calvin T. Ryan Library, University of Nebraska at Kearney. It clarifies, records, and makes public the basic principles that the members of the Reference Department believe should be applied in adding items to or withdrawing…

Nebraska Univ., Kearney.

144

77 FR 71640 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD Agency Information Collection Activities...Collection AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board...the collection of information to William D. Spencer...the Board, Merit Systems Protection...

2012-12-03

145

78 FR 6141 - Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Information Collection Activities...Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION...copies of the proposed information collection request...Officer, National Science Foundation, 4201...

2013-01-29

146

75 FR 18551 - Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Information Collection Activities...Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION...copies of the proposed information collection request...Officer, National Science Foundation, 4201...

2010-04-12

147

The Bunraku Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bunraku is a form of tremendously complex puppet theater that is the result of the extremely focused efforts of puppeteers, narrators, and musicians. The art form was first developed in the seventeenth century, and its popularity peaked in the eighteenth century as major playwrights began to develop elaborate plot lines. Drawing on the remarkable Bunraku collection of Barbara Curtis Adachi, the Columbia University Libraries has created this gallery which includes photographs of different productions, information about authors, and performers. Those persons new to Bunraku will want to start by clicking on "The World of Bunraku" area. Here they can read an essay about noted Bunraku author Chikamatsu Monzaemon and listen to music from a Bunraku production. After that, visitors can search the entire online archive, or browse through the collection by play title, author, performer, or production.

148

Daphne Dare Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Daphne Dare worked behind the scenes, but her work was always on stage. Dare was a British costume designer for plays, movies, and TV and was involved in more than 60 productions. She even designed costumes and monsters for the first two years of Dr. Who. The Ohio Digital Resource Commons hosts the digitized collection of over 1100 images of Dare's costumes and set designs. Visitors should read the introduction about Dare on the homepage to see the depth and breadth of her work, which spanned from the late 1950s to the mid 1990s. At the bottom of the homepage, visitors should click on "See all records" to browse the collection. The browsing feature at the top of the page allows for visitors to view the entries by "Titles" "Issue Date" or "Series". Visitors should not miss the drawing "Costume and Set Design for Zorba: 'Men'" which looks like an artwork in itself.

149

Mark F. Boyd Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mark F. Boyd was a physician, researcher, and writer who specialized in tropical medicine. His research on malaria brought him international recognition and the Rockefeller Foundation selected him to conduct research throughout the malarial regions of the western hemisphere. During his long life he collected a range of materials related to field ecology and, in particular, items dealing with Florida, natural history, and medicine. This digital collection from the University of Miami libraries includes maps, newspapers, prints, original documents, and pencil drawings of Key Biscayne. The items here are lovely and they include a historical tour through Coral Gables, a brochure for the Hotel Everglades, and a remarkable brochure that lists apartment rates for the 1937-1938 winter season in Miami. It's a neat pastiche of items and folks with an interest in Florida's history and hospitality will enjoy it immensely.

150

ChemCollective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ChemCollective is a collection of virtual labs, scenario-based learning activities, tutorials, and concept tests. On their website, interested parties can use the content for pre-labs, alternatives to textbook homework, and for in-class activities for individuals or teams. Visitors can get started by looking over the Featured Resource and then move on to explore Resources by Type or Resources by Topic. This last heading is quite well-developed and covers solubility, physical chemistry, and kinetics. On the right-hand side of the page, the Quick Links area brings together tutorials, a virtual laboratory feature, and links to What's New on the site. Additionally, users can take advantage of the search feature and can also offer feedback on their own experiences with these resources.

151

WSU Vancouver Historic Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fun collection brings together items from three collections in the Washington State University (WSU) Vancouver Library Archive, including items from the WSU 20th Anniversary Oral History Project, campus environmental impact statements, and campus master plans. In a very real sense, it's a potpourri of materials that will interest folks who care about the built environment, sustainability, and the history of this corner of Washington. The oral histories are quite fascinating, as well as the Photographs area which offers a range of images documenting the history of this campus, including some remarkable aerial shots of southwestern Washington. Finally, the Ephemera section lives up to its name as it has everything from a 1992 course schedule to a curious pamphlet for a microcomputer seminar series in 1984.

152

Colorado's Historic Newspaper Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Cripple Creek to Grand Junction, the Colorado's Historic Newspaper Collection (CHNC) will help users get better acquainted with the history of the state. The funding for this digitization project came from a variety of sources, including the Collaborative Digitization Program, the Colorado Historical Society, and the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Currently, the archive contains materials from 117 newspapers from the years 1859 to 1930. All told, the Collection contains well over 394,000 digitized pages. New visitors to the site can search the archive by browsing around an interactive map of Colorado, or they can also perform a more detailed search. On the left-hand side of the homepage, visitors should also make use of the "Tips on Searching Historic Newspapers" section and the "Quick Guide to using CHNC".

153

Clifford Glenwood Shull Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1994, Clifford Glenwood Shull was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics. His career as a scientist started six decades prior at what was then the Carnegie Institute of Technology. Shull was known as the "Father of Neutron Scattering" and primarily known for his work on the neutron diffraction technique which was used to study condensed matter. This particular digital collection created by the Carnegie Mellon University Libraries allows interested parties to explore Shull's papers, correspondence, teaching materials, and other items related to his work. After reading a brief biography of Shull, visitors can click on through to the "Contents" area to get a better sense of the offerings available within the collection. In the "Access" area visitors can browse through the document series, which cover his time at MIT, the Oak Ridge Laboratory, and New York University.

154

Jewish Archives Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state of Washington has a sizeable Jewish community, and their roots can be traced back to the earliest settlers of the Northwest. This digital collection, from the University of Washington Libraries, highlights a small part of the photographs, documents, and materials held by the Washington State Jewish Archives. The Archives started in 1968, and this particular database was produced partially by funding from the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle and other organizations. Here visitors can browse over 900 photographs which document many aspects of the Jewish experience across the state. The collection includes photographs of Jewish servicemen and women, commercial businesses, anniversary celebrations, and so on. Visitors can browse the images by subject heading, or they can also perform their own detailed search.

155

Ethnomusicology Musical Instrument Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Ethnomusicology Division houses over 400 musical instruments from around the world. Over the past six decades, the collection has grown substantially as musicians and collectors have donated all manner of instruments. First-time visitors should dive right in by clicking on the Idiophones section offered under Sample Searches. In case you are wondering, an idiophone happens to be any musical instrument that creates sound primarily by the instrument as a whole vibrating. Dozens of these instruments, including a dril-bu, a ghungru, and a range of gongs, are presented in this section of the collection. Visitors can also Browse Sound Files and Browse Video Files to hear and listen to some of these remarkable instruments.

156

Canadian Pacific Railway Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Pacific Railway collection provides access to over 1500 images documenting the company's activities all around British Columbia from the 1880s to the 1950s. The pictures portray railway stations both urban and rural, along with images of workers, buildings, hotels, ships, and yards that were part of the railroad's vast empire. Visitors can click on the Collection area to get started and the search function is another good way to focus in on items of interest. Within the History tab is an elegant and well-developed essay on the company, complete with illustrative images while the Photographers section provides great insight into who exactly took these pictures. And, of course, casual users may just wish to click on the Gallery to get a sampling of the works that make up this archive.

2005-01-01

157

Maple Recipe Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People in Vermont know a little bit about maple syrup and they can spin syrup and maple sugar into a delightful treat for any occasion. This digital collection of maple-infused recipes comes to the web-browsing public courtesy of the University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives. All told, there are 49 items here, including recipes by Judith Jones (the cookbook editor for Julia Child), published recipes from legendary Vermont food purveyors, and recipes from community organizations, like the Green Mountain Folklore Society. Visitors can browse through the collection, learn about the sponsoring institutions, and also sign up for their RSS feed. For those who are curious, the recipes date from 1952 to 2008.

158

Edward Judice Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ed Judice was raised on Long Island, and he began his long career in photography at the age of 13 when he took a job sweeping floors in a local photo studio. After this, he served in the Army and then moved to New York, where he did commercial work for ad agencies and a range of magazines. He came to live in western Massachusetts, and this digital collection from the University of Massachusetts Libraries celebrates his photo documentation project at the Rodney Hunt Factory in Orange, Massachusetts. Visitors to this collection can make their way through these nicely high-resolution photos, and also several compelling short documentaries about the Three County Fair in Northampton, Massachusetts.

159

Wenceslaus Hollar Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born into an upper middle class family in 1607, Wenceslaus Hollar became interested in etching and engraving at a very young age. As a young man, he left his native Prague to study in Frankfurt, and his first book of etchings was published when he was 28. Over the next thirty years he would spend time in London and Antwerp and by the time of his death he had produced some 2700 separate etchings. This extensive digital collection created by the University of Toronto offers visitors access to thousands of his works. Visitors can view an illustrated chronology of the life and work of Hollar, read the text of a lecture on his work created by art historian Anne Thackray, and read up on his impressive etching technique. Of course, the real heart of the collection is the image database, and visitors can browse through by topical headings, including "Costumes", "Portraits", "Historical Prints", and "Religious Prints".

160

Empire Ranch Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of ranching in the American West is an engaging one, and it involves a myriad of players, including farmers, politicians, and power brokers of all stripes. The Empire Ranch in southern Arizona was one of the largest cattle ranches in the state, and its story dates back to the 1860s. Homesteader Edward Nye Fish first established the ranch, and it was originally just a mere160 acres. By the 1880s, the ranch was over a million acres and it later became a popular filming destination for many Westerns in the 1950s and 1960s. Today, the ranch is part of the Las Cienegas National Conservation Area. This digital collection brings together over 50 documents from the University of Arizona Libraries Special Collections department, including photographs and diaries from one of the primary owners of the ranch, Edward Vail. Visitors will also find other documents here, including grazing permits, maps of the property, and railroad ephemera.

161

Sister Wendy's American Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In conjunction with the broadcast of "Sister Wendy's American Collection" on public television, PBS online hosts this educational Website. Sister Wendy is a Reverend Mother and scholar of English who began studying art during her stay with the Carmelite nuns of Quindenham, Norfolk. She now has a popular television and book series in which she shares her "signature blend of intellect, reverence, and admiration for great works of art." Her latest project explores American museum collections. The Website furnishes color images of the works accompanied by Sister Wendy's equally colorful commentary, background on the artists, plus a guide to the six museums featured. The diverse international selection of art and artifacts includes a Native American earthen bowl, an African drum, Egyptian statuary, as well as an array of classical to contemporary paintings and drawings.

2001-01-01

162

The Jean Thomas Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1881 in Ashland, Kentucky, Jean Thomas defied many social conventions throughout her life, and the world is a richer place for it. In the 1890s, she decided to attend business school and shortly afterwards she became a court reporter. She traveled around Kentucky for her job, and along the way she became quite enamored of the musical traditions across the state. Later in life, she would go on to stage the American Folk Song Festival from 1930 to 1972. Thomas was also a photographer, and this delightful digital collection from the University of Louisville Libraries contains over 1000 of her photographs. Visitors can read an extended biography of Thomas, and then browse or search the collection at their leisure. Some of the subjects covered here include the American Folk Song Festival, live performances, and rural landscapes.

163

The Hoagy Carmichael Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"This multimedia web site is part of an 18-month project to catalog, digitize, and preserve every item in Indiana University's [IU] extensive collections pertaining to the life and career of master songwriter" -- and Bloomington native -- Hoagland "Hoagy" Carmichael (1899-1981) who composed, among other American pop standards, the classic "Stardust." The Collection contains sound recordings of Hoagy's music, letters, photographs of him and his family, print and handwritten musical compositions, drafts of lyrics, a brief biography, a virtual tour of the Hoagy Carmichael Room at the Archives of Traditional Music, links to additional primary materials at the Lily Library at IU, and more. The site can be searched or browsed. Constructed by IU librarians from the Digital Library Program and the Archives of Traditional Music, the site is a fine example of regional librarianship.

164

LSU Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For a look into the past of campus life at the Louisiana State University (LSU), you can't do much better than perusing through this photograph collection. Created by the LSU Library, the collection includes 475 photographs which range from 1886 to 1925. The photographs include scenes of student life, rousing activities, sports, noted faculty, buildings, and laboratories. Visitors can use the drop-down menus on the homepage to browse the photographs by topic, building name, or colleges and departments. "Cadet Life" is a good place to start, and this will provide visitors with a glimpse into the lives of cadets during the late 19th and early 20th century. Football fans will want to look at early images of LSU's Tiger Stadium during their stay on the site.

165

Cornell Modern Indonesia Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1956, the Cornell Modern Indonesia Project (CMIP) published its first title. Since then, the modern nation of Indonesia has seen numerous transformations and this digital collection houses works published by the CMIP, which document these changes. Early on, the first documents created were called "Interim Reports", and they dealt with the 1965 coup, foreign policy, and the state of Chinese citizens in Indonesia. The monographs in the collection focus primarily on Indonesian politics, but they also include anthropological and social analyses as well. Currently, there are over four dozens titles here, and visitors can browse them by title or author. One item that should not be missed is the 1965 update of the 1936 study "Mythology and the tolerance of the Javanese". Southeast Asian scholars and those with an interest in the history of this region will not be disappointed.

166

Chinese Rubbings Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several scholars and collectors, such as Langdon Warner and Lawrence Sickman, have presented their extensive East Asian rubbings collection to Harvard University, and these materials have remained a valuable resource for decades. Persons working in the fields of Chinese history, biography, epigraphy, calligraphy, and fine arts have come to Cambridge to consult the rubbings, and now many of them are available on this site. Visitors can browse the rubbings by title, name, subject, or genre for starters, and then move on to perform detailed searches as well. Some of the more notable rubbings in the collection include those from Xiaotangshan stone chamber, Wu Liang Shrine, and the Buddhist grotto sites in Gongxian and Longmen in Henan Province.

167

Beloit College Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beloit College is the oldest college in the state of Wisconsin, and they are well regarded for their study abroad programs and focus on international and global affairs. They have also revamped their online digital collections area, and it is well worth a glance. Currently, they have ten collections here, including "Logan Museum of Anthropology", "Beloit-College, City and Environs", and "Asian Studies". First up is the "Beloit-College, City and Environs" area, which offers a historical view of images woven together that document the history of the college's relationship with the city of Beloit. Moving on, the "Asian Studies" area offers over 53 digital images of items held in the Logan Museum of Anthropology, such as historic posters, folk art objects, and paintings. The "Logan Museum of Anthropology" area offers curious visitors over 2,100 items drawn from their extensive holdings. The items here include an ancient adze, headdresses from Native American groups, and beaded necklaces.

168

Drexel University Costume Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The elaborate costume collection at Drexel University is housed in the Antoinette Westphal College of Media Arts & Design. This website brings together archival data and detailed graphics culled from the collection. The hope is that fashion and textile design students, fashion professionals, historic costume scholars, and followers of fashion trends will be able to use these materials to inform their own work. Visitors can use the Search section to look over 3D panoramas and detailed bibliographic records by designer, category, decade, or fabric. It is definitely worth looking at the velvet and wool items under the fabric heading. Design detectives can use the Mystery area to look over items that are a mystery to the researchers here - if they have any clues, they are encouraged to pass them along. Finally, the Digital Gallery area has some fine views of past shows by Geoffrey Beene that appeared on campus.

2012-07-06

169

Freedom House Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the annals of 20th century Boston history, the Freedom House stands out as a local community organization dedicated to stabilizing a community in transition, and their history is an interesting one. The Freedom House was established in 1949 by two African American social workers and they were dedicated to ensuring the Roxbury community's stability as a middle-class, racially mixed neighborhood. Eventually, Freedom House's archives came to Northeastern University, and the digitization of their materials was made possible via a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. On this site, visitors can look over some of the several thousands photos, negatives, and slides in their collection. The items are organized into several topical areas, including "People", "Groups", "Places", and "Topics". Some of the people featured in the collection include the Revered Martin Luther King, Jr., Senator Edward Kennedy, and Kitty Dukakis.

170

Developmental Mathematics Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Developmental Mathematics Collection (DMC) contains resources for the community college educator who teaches basic arithmetic through intermediate algebra. Educators will find student activities, topic teaching plans, innovative curricula and course sequences, as well as research syntheses on pedagogy and learning. The site hopes to create a Knowledge Exchange Network for Developmental Mathematics by creating linkages and collaborations across colleges within California's large urban regions.

2011-02-17

171

Partonic collectivity at RHIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measurement of event anisotropy, often called v2, provides a powerful tool for studying the properties of hot and dense medium created in high-energy nuclear collisions. The important discoveries of partonic collectivity and the brand-new process for hadronization - quark coalescence were obtained through a systematic analysis of the v2 for 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC [1]. However, early

Shusu Shi

2009-01-01

172

CPTAC Biospecimen Collection Solicitation  

Cancer.gov

A funding opportunity in support of the National Cancer Institute’s Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) seeks to prospectively procure tumor samples, collected for proteomics investigation. The scope of work under this Statement of Work encompasses the activities needed to prospectively procure high quality, clinically annotated human tumor samples, blood and plasma, and when feasible, normal tissue from volunteer patients suffering from colon, ovarian, and breast cancer.

173

Collecting and Identifying Rocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Earth Science activity, students will investigate rocks in an outdoor field trip. Students will be divided into groups and given a Ziploc bag to collect rocks. We will then return to the classroom, and the students will put their rocks into different groups. The different groups could be the size, shape, color, and texture of the rocks. We will then talk about the Rock Cycle and the three main types of rocks. Students will record their observations in their science journals.

Linda Harvey, Marquette Catholic School, Virginia,MN

174

Concord Consortium Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Concord Consortium is a nonprofit R&D organization in Concord, MA, dedicated to transforming education through technology. Our deeply digital tools and learning activities capture the power of curiosity and create revolutionary new approaches to science, math and engineering education that bring out the inner scientist in everyone. The Concord Consortium Collection includes free science, engineering and mathematics activities for grades 3-14 that integrate probes and models, including the award-winning Molecular Workbench.

2012-07-20

175

New Mexico's Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University Libraries of the University of Mexico is the host of this website of digital collections from five New Mexico repositories, including the Institute of American Indian Arts, the Palace of the Governors, Silver City Museum, and the University of New Mexico. As visitors make their way across the headings on the left hand side they can view the collections from which the images on the site are drawn, or the subjects covered within. Visitors can view the collections by clicking on "View by Repository" or "View by Subject". The subjects include "Architecture", "Arts and Crafts", "Land", and "Water". When visitors find an image they want to keep or come back to later, they can click on "Add to Favorites", located at the bottom of the page of any image chosen. To view the image later, simply click on "My Favorites", near the top of any page. Each image also has the information needed to obtain copies of images. The information is next to "Ordering Information".

176

The Leonard Bernstein Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online Leonard Bernstein Collection that is part of the Library of Congress American Memory project is rich with a variety of media, including: "Professor Lenny", an essay about Bernstein from the New York Review of Books; many endearing photographs; over 1,100 pieces of correspondence to and from family, friends, and colleagues; 177 scripts from his "Young People's Concerts"; and a timeline of his life from 1918-1990 which records his musical career, as well as his personal life. In order to assist visitors with all of this wonderful material, a helpful finding aid for the collection is also provided. Click on the "About This Collection" section on the left side of the page, to quickly find the links to the above-mentioned sections. The visitor should not miss looking at some of the photos from the "Gallery" area. Many of the photos are divided up into one to three year sections, and some are divided up by decade, making it a very manageable gallery. Under the "1955-1957" tab you will find some wonderful photos of Bernstein's wife and young children, Jamie and Alexander. The gallery is filled with images of him with his family, many of which had been made into holiday cards.

177

Mary Louise Reynolds Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mary Louise Reynolds (1891-1950) led a fascinating life at the center of the Surrealist circle of artists, numbering as her friends Max Ernst, Man Ray, Paul ÃÂluard, André Breton, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dalí. Reynolds and Surrealist Marcel Duchamp were partners in a long term relationship thought by their friends to be far happier than most marriages. She was a book artist and served in the French resistance during World War II. The materials in the Mary Louise Reynolds Archive and her collection of rare books and bindings at the Art Institute of Chicago have inspired at least two books and several exhibitions, as well as this Web site. The site features four essays reprinted from the Art Institute's Museum Studies journal, illustrated with digital images of Surrealist works, and available in both HTML and Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) formats. There is also an online finding aid to the collection, and it is possible to search the Ryerson and Burnham Library's catalog for Reynolds collection items. One portion of the site (View Works of Art) brings together all the digitized works of art: Reynolds' book bindings, Surrealist documents, prints, and a few photographs.

178

Alfred Russel Wallace Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One name looms large for the general public when the word "evolution" is mentioned: Charles Darwin. Of course, others are quite aware that Alfred Russel Wallace co-discovered the theory of evolution with Darwin, a fact that the prescient individuals at the Natural History Museum in Britain are well aware of. In 2002, the Museum was able to purchase a rather large collection of Wallace's personal and related family papers, correspondence, photographs, and other items from the Wallace family. With the generous support of the Mellon Foundation, the Museum has digitized approximately 200 items from this collection and placed them online at this site. Visitors may wish to start by looking over a brief biography of Wallace, and then taking a look at the detailed chronology of the main events in his life. The "Online Collection" section is where the heart of the material lies, as visitors can view Wallace's original notes on evolution, read about his encounters with spiritualism, and a number of touching letters that include a note on Wallace's troubles with his cats, Crumpet and Flunkie.

179

Polish Declarations Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The relationship between Poland and the United States has existed for several centuries, as early as the Revolutionary War some of the key figures were great Polish military heroes, such as Casimir Pulaski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Continuing and strengthening the relationship between these two countries over the years are the many Poles who have immigrated to the United States. Recently, the Library of Congress digitized one of the most interesting (and little-known) documents in their collection, the Polish Declarations of Admiration and Friendship for the United States. The 111-volume collection was given to President Calvin Coolidge in 1926 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of US independence. These ornately decorated volumes were signed over an eight-month period by nearly one-sixth of Poland's population in 1926, totaling close to 5.5 million signatures. The Library of Congress has digitized the first eleven volumes, and placed them online here for consideration by genealogists, historians, and other interested parties. The first several volumes contain the signatures of government officials, artists (including full-size works of art), and signatures from three institutions of higher learning. Visitors can search the contents by keyword, geographic locations, and by title. Overall, this is a rather remarkable collection, and one that will merit several visits.

2005-01-01

180

Collecting Passion with a Purpose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores collecting of children's books and discusses the motivations of collectors, various levels of collecting, bibliographic tools, sources of books, collection patterns, facsimiles, and cataloging. Lists of selected bibliographic tools and selected rare book dealers are included. (EM)

Vandergrift, Kay E.

1986-01-01

181

76 FR 17331 - Debt Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FHFA in collecting debts owed to the Federal Government. The final rule implements...FHFA in collecting debts owed to the Federal Government. The final rule implements...procedure, Claims, Debt collection, Government employees,...

2011-03-29

182

Sea cucumber aquaculture in the Western Indian ocean: challenges for sustainable livelihood and stock improvement.  

PubMed

The decline in sea cucumber fisheries that serve the Asian dried seafood market has prompted an increase in global sea cucumber aquaculture. The tropical sandfish (Holothuria scabra) has, in this context, been reared and produced with mixed success. In the Western Indian Ocean, villagers often participate in the export fishery for sea cucumbers as a source of income. However, with a growing concern of depleted stocks introduction of hatcheries to farm sandfish as a community livelihood and to replenish wild stocks is being promoted. This review identifies and discusses a number of aspects that constitute constraints or implications with regard to development of sandfish farming in the region. The conclusion is that for sandfish farming to live up to its expectations the possible impacts need to be further studied, and that improved evaluation of ongoing projects is required. In the interim, a precautionary approach toward new enterprise activities is suggested. PMID:22083524

Eriksson, Hampus; Robinson, Georgina; Slater, Matthew J; Troell, Max

2012-03-01

183

Collection Description Ephemera Collection 1. Ray Mander personal  

E-print Network

info Ephemera Collection 1. Apollo Society 2. Gallery 1st Nighters 3. Unions 4. TMA Ephemera Collection. Apollo 1906 Ephemera Collection 1. Apollo 1907-24 2. Apollo 1925-37 3. Apollo 1938-55 4. Apollo 1956-87 #12;5. Apollo 1988 Ephemera Collection 1. Apollo Victoria & Astoria 2. Arts 1941 3. Arts 1942-51 4

Bristol, University of

184

78 FR 70577 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection, Comments Requested, New Collection...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation, Criminal Justice Information...Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information...information technology, e.g...collection: New Collection...collection: Criminal Justice Information...Bureau of Investigation,...

2013-11-26

185

Educational Comics Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in reading about "Adventures in Electricity"? Perhaps you'd like to peruse "All Aboard Mr. Lincoln"? These fascinating titles (and 76 others) are available here, courtesy of the University of Nebraska Libraries. This compelling collection contains educational comics created by a raft of different government agencies and other organizations, and they present a rather diverse portrait of the ways in which various topics were addressed in words and pictures over the past seventy years. Some of the more curious items here include "Dragons Visit Earth To Study Food and the Land" (sponsored by the Soil Conservation Society of America in 1984) and "Mark Steel Fights Pollution!"

186

JSC Digital Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high-quality collection is provided courtesy of NASA's Johnson Space Center, and it contains over 9,000 images. Visitors can get started by looking over the FAQ area, which provides answers to questions like "Where can I et prints and high-resolution scans of this imagery?" and "What is a 'fuzzy match?'" After this, visitors can perform a full-text search across all of the items, or use the Browse area. This last section allows visitors to look around by mission, equipment, or station location. Visitors with any level of interest in space technology or other related fields will find this resource fascinating.

2008-05-13

187

Sophia Smith Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the Five College Archives Digital Access Project (mentioned in the September 25, 1998 Scout Report), Smith College has digitized some of its archival holdings relating to women's history. The Website of the Sophia Smith Collection presents still more of the Smith College holdingsof "manuscripts, photographs, periodicals and other primary sources in women's history." The site includes brief descriptions of over 300 manuscript collections, lesson plans for using primary source materials, links to additional women's history resources, and selected digital images. A permanent exhibition, Agents of Social Change, showcases some materials online. The exhibit contains pictures and digitized documents on eight 20th-century women and organizations working for women's rights. Visitors will find items such as a brochure about the National Congress of Neighborhood Women (NCNW), a grassroots feminist organization; a 1980 photo of an NCNW march on New York City Hall; Gloria Steinem photographed at the Ms. office in 1983; and fan mail to Steinem after a TV appearance.

1997-01-01

188

Bowen Country Club Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the ambitions of service groups like Chicago's Hull House was to provide urban youth with an opportunity to get out and experience some clean fresh air. The Hull House on Chicago's Near West Side took children from the surrounding neighborhood out to the Joseph T. Bowen Country Club every year from 1912 until 1963. The Club was financed by social activist and philanthropist Louise deKoven Bowen, and was located on 72 hilly and forested acres near Waukegan, Illinois. Young people from the city would come out to the grounds in two-week shifts and take part in team sports contests, learn how to dance, and also take art lessons. This wonderful photo collection from the Special Collections Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago's library presents over 480 images of life at the club. Visitors to the site will find images of camp activities, the grounds, social life, and the broader milieu of the place. It's quite a find and one that will be of interest to persons with an interest in Chicago history and the history of outdoor recreation.

189

The George Raper Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online exhibit highlights the National Library of Australia's latest acquisition, the personal papers of George Raper, who sailed in 1787 at age seventeen from England to Australia as Able Seaman (later Midshipman) on the HMS Sirius, the flagship of the First Fleet. In addition to participating in one of the earliest European settlements of Australia, Raper circumnavigated the globe, narrowly escaped shipwreck twice, spent eleven months on Norfolk Island after the Sirius foundered on a reef in 1790, and finally returned home, where he and the other officers had to face a court-martial for losing the ship (all were exonerated) before being reunited with his family. Held by the Raper family for over 200 years, the National Library has recently acquired Raper's naval observations as well as a collection of maps and coastal drawings he made during this trip. These have been digitized and placed on display at this fine site. Some of these materials are included in the compelling story of the Sirius in the Biography section. They can also be viewed in the Collection section, where the maps, coastal profiles, and Raper's painting of the wreck are offered as thumbnails with commentary. Users with the MrSID Online Viewer plug-in (link to free download provided) can view the images in varying sizes and resolutions. Raper's navigation calculations may be downloaded in MS Word format. An interactive timeline is also provided.

190

Lauren R. Donaldson Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1946, Lauren R. Donaldson and several of his scientific colleagues were selected as radiation monitors for Operation Crossroads, which was the codename for the first atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. During this operation, two nuclear bombs were detonated above and below the ocean surface, contaminating the organs and tissues of living creatures and plants with large doses of radioactivity. Over the next twelve years, Dr. Donaldson and his colleagues would return a number of times to perform research related to these activities. Recently, the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections team digitized selected personal logs, photo albums, papers, and ephemera from the surveys undertaken by this team of researchers. Visitors can browse the collection, or they may wish to get started by looking over the sample searches which include "1946 Operation Crossroads" and "1947 Bikini Atoll Radiological Survey". Also, visitors can learn more about Dr. Donaldson and peruse a finding aid for his own personal and academic papers which are also held by the University of Washington.

191

Partonic collectivity at RHIC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The measurement of event anisotropy, often called v2, provides a powerful tool for studying the properties of hot and dense medium created in high-energy nuclear collisions. The important discoveries of partonic collectivity and the brand-new process for hadronization - quark coalescence were obtained through a systematic analysis of the v2 for 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC [1]. However, early dynamic information might be masked by later hadronic rescatterings. Multistrange hadrons (?, ? and ?) with their large mass and presumably small hadronic cross sections should be less sensitive to hadronic rescattering in the later stage of the collisions and therefore a good probe of the early stage of the collision. We will present the measurement of v2 of ?, p, KS^0, ?, ?, ? and ? in heavy ion collisions. In minimum-bias Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV, a significant amount of elliptic flow, almost identical to other mesons and baryons, is observed for ? and ?. Experimental observations of pT dependence of v2 of identified particles at RHIC support partonic collectivity. [4pt] [1] B. I. Abelev et al., (STAR Collaboration), Phys. Rev. C 77, 054901 (2008).

Shi, Shusu

2009-10-01

192

Dartmouth Digital Collections: Books  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good folks at the Dartmouth Digital Library Initiatives continue to offer a veritable cornucopia of printed ephemera, and this website will delight anyone with an interest in topics as wide-ranging as comics, Dr. Seuss, Russian placards, or the Arctic. Here visitors can make their way through nine digitized works, including "The Fortunes of Ferdinand Flipper." This particular item was published in the 1850s, and is widely considered to be the first comic book written in the United States. The collection here also includes Theodor Geisel's (Dr. Seuss) reflections on his early career as a young artist up to the publication of his 1937 book "And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street." Further along, visitors will find a collection of Russian placards dating from 1917 to 1922 designed by one V. Lebedev for the state news agency of Soviet Russia. Finally, the site also includes 16 volumes of the magisterial Encyclopedia Arctica, which was sponsored by the U.S. Office of Naval Research. The work was never formally published, and it documents hundreds of scientific, zoological, and geographic topics.

2012-03-16

193

University Art Collection Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

. The Wayne State University Art Collection serves as an important educational resource where the campusUniversity Art Collection Strategic Plan 2009-2014 #12;University Art Collection Strategic Plan - Overview About the Collection From its modest beginnings in the 1960's, the Wayne State University Art

Rajlich, Vaclav

194

COLLECTIVES AND COMPLEX SYSTEM DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Summary A collective is a group of self-motivated agents that maximize system performance through the pursuit of local objectives. This paper deals with two aspects of collective design: the application of optimization in the design of collectives, and the use of collectives for engineering design itself, in which multiple individuals or teams design parts of a large-scale system. Examples

I. Kroo

195

Auburn University Theatre Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Auburn University Theatre Collection, part of the Auburn University Digital Library, includes just under two hundred items documenting theater productions at Auburn from 1914 - 2007. The earliest item is a 5-page typescript titled, "Information About Dramatic Productions Given at Auburn," that lists titles and dates of plays produced in the 1910s, 20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s. The most recent item is a water color painting of the intended set design for a Midsummer Night's Dream, in 2007, by A. Lynn Lockrow. In between, visitors will find programs, newspaper clippings, photographs, and more paintings. Sorting displayed items by title reveals the repeat performances, such as Blithe Spirit, staged in 1945 and 1986; The Crucible in 1955 and 2001; or Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum in 1968 and 2003.

196

The Bentley Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wilson Alwyn Bentley (1865-1931), famous for his photomicrographs of snow crystals, prepared sets of glass lantern slides of dew, frost and ice crystals. He obtained thousands of photomicrographs of individual ice crystals over the course of his lifetime. Images in this collection are scanned from glass lantern slides. Most snow crystals found in nature will fit into one of these seven main categories: plates, stellar crystals, columns, needles, spatial dendrites, capped columns, and irregular forms. Because there are many variations within these categories which are not separately identified by the International Snow Classification the Bentley project uses the Magono and Lee (1966) snow crystal classification scheme. Each crystal is classified and searchable according to this scheme.

2002-05-01

197

Prokudin-Gorskii Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in the town of Murom, Russia, Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii was educated as a chemist and dedicated his life to the advancement of photography. He spent many years documenting the Russian Empire, and he was even outfitted with a railroad car-darkroom provided by Tsar Nicholas II. Along with this equipment, the Tsar also gave him access to certain restricted areas. After Prokudin-Gorskii died in 1944, his sons sold his collection of photographs, glass negatives, and sepia-tone prints to the Library of Congress in 1948. This site allows visitors to view these images, which include photographs of prominent religious structures, public works, industrial areas, and people in traditional dress. Visitors can also look over some of the thematic albums, which include his travels to Central Asia in 1911 and his journey along the Oka River south of Moscow in 1912.

198

First Nations Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The First Nations Tribal Collection of the Southern Oregon Digital Archives contains books, articles, and documents related to the history of the native peoples of the area, including the Coos, Hupa, Karuka, Klamath, and more. Many of the items here are in the public domain, and they include tribal language dictionaries, Bureau of Indian Affairs publications, and publications from the Bureau of American Ethnology. Visitors can look through the materials via the Author List or use the Title heading to look around. Documents on the site include a wealth of treaties regarding fishing practices and limitations along with documents detailing the particulars of different religious ceremonies. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of a comprehensive search engine.

199

Access Excellence Classic Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Another good resource from AccessExcellence.org is the Activities Exchange Classic Collection Web site. The page presents links that focus on a single person or event by putting it into historical context and relating it to current science. Each contains a set of references, classroom activities, graphics, background information, and more. Some of the titles of the activities include The Discovery Of Radioactivity: The Dawn of the Nuclear Age; Radioactivity: Historical Figures; How We See: The First Steps of Human Vision; Discovery, Chance, and the Scientific Method; DNA Structure; and Development of Polio Vaccines. The pages and activities are well designed and offer educators some interesting and unique lessons for their students.

200

Old Boston Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2007, the Boston Public Library rediscovered a rather intriguing cache of photographs from the late 19th century in their archives. While there is still some debate about the provenance of these photos, they believe that the prints were taken by photographers affiliated with the Boston Camera Club, and that this organization was responsible for coordinating this specific project. Recently, the Library decided to digitize 113 of these images, and they are available here. Visitors can search the collection by keyword, and they will also find that the Flickr format will all allow them to send images to friends and also zoom in for a closer look. There are some great items here, including a print of Benjamin Franklin's house on Milk Street and a photograph of the Old State House from 1898.

201

James H. Doolittle Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

James H. Doolittle was born in Alameda, California in 1896, and during World War II he gained distinction for leading the first carrier-based bomber attack on mainland Japan in 1942. For this work, he was awarded the Medal of Honor, which was presented to him personally by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This digital collection is from the Eugene McDermott Library at the University of Texas at Dallas, and it offers glimpses into Doolittle's life through a small, yet focused, series of images. Visitors can view a high quality photograph of his Medal of Honor, and then look through some of the photos of Doolittle and his raid bomhttp://scout.wisc.edu/Archives/SPT--EditResource.php?ID=28783ber crew.

202

Herman Miller Consortium Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-known firm of Herman Miller began manufacturing residential furniture in 1923. Based in Zeeland, Michigan, the company has created everything from the marshmallow sofa to the molded plywood chair. Also, it has played host to designers like Charles and Ray Eames and George Nelson. This rather nice digital collection from The Henry Ford Museum brings together over 366 images of various works created over the past eight decades. The materials are drawn from the Herman Miller Consortium, which was established in 1988 to bring together significant items from the company's corporate archives. Visitors can use the Browse all media link to look around at their leisure. It's a great way to learn about many key innovators in American furniture design throughout much of the 20th century. The materials here will no doubt inspire future generations of like-minded individuals.

203

Crowdsourcing Collective Emotional Intelligence  

E-print Network

One of the hallmarks of emotional intelligence is the ability to regulate emotions. Research suggests that cognitive reappraisal - a technique that involves reinterpreting the meaning of a thought or situation - can down-regulate negative emotions, without incurring significant psychological or physiological costs. Habitual use of this strategy is also linked to many key indices of physical and emotional health. Unfortunately, this technique is not always easy to apply. Thinking flexibly about stressful thoughts and situations requires creativity and poise, faculties that often elude us when we need them the most. In this paper, we propose an assistive technology that coordinates collective intelligence on demand, to help individuals reappraise stressful thoughts and situations. In two experiments, we assess key features of our design and we demonstrate the feasibility of crowdsourcing empathetic reappraisals with on demand workforces, such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk.

Morris, Robert R

2012-01-01

204

Indianapolis Postcard Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the copyright for the postcard was first issued in 1861, people have found that the "small, thin postcard is a quick and inexpensive way to keep in touch with others." Hoosiers love postcards just as much as anyone, and this delightful collection from the Indianapolis Public Library brings the magic of the postcard alive. Here, visitors can look over 500 postcards depicting scenes from around the Circle City and elsewhere. The curious guest can look over cards featuring poetry from James Whitcomb Riley, the Emrichsville Bridge over the White River, and much more. Visitors shouldn't miss the wonderful images of the World War Memorial, Riverside Boulevard, and a host of images related to various cultural institutions downtown.

205

The Margo Duggan Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Margo Duggan served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II, and after the war was over she started working as a civilian employee of the United States Trust Territories Administration in 1949. Over the next five years, she worked on a number of the Marshall, Mariana, and Caroline Islands and over at the Trust Territory headquarters in Hawai'i. She took a number of photographs during her time, and they document an important moment in the history of Micronesia. The University of Hawaii at Manoa's Library created this site, and visitors can view over 1,000 of the images she created. Curious visitors can read a brief biography of Duggan here and also look over the "About" page to learn more how the collection came to the university. The majority of the images here document life in Micronesia, and visitors can look through them via title, category, date, location, or reference number.

206

Great Buildings Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good people at the Great Buildings Collection also publish ArchitectureWeek, and this site provides photographs and essays on thousands of renowned buildings around the world. There are several main sections here, and they include "Buildings", "Architects", and "Places". Each entry includes information about the architect, the date of construction, building type, construction system, and style. The real novel feature is that many of the buildings also have a 3D model that allows visitors to get a sense of the building's different forms, shapes, and context. While there are many highlights here, first-time visitors might start by looking at the entries for the Brooklyn Bridge, the Case Study homes in Southern California, or the Seattle Public Library. The site also contains a timeline of architects from 1400 to the present.

207

Clement Moran Photography Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Clement Moran became fascinated with photographs as a young man, though he came to New Hampshire College (now the University of New Hampshire) in 1914 to teach physics. Over a period of 70 years, he documented the changes around the campus in Durham, and also served as the institution's first official university photographer. His massive archive is housed at the university's library and this digital collection affords interested parties access to over 900 of these remarkable images. Visitors can browse through the images by date or category, but the images of the campus are the real highlights here. The archive contains wonderful photos of the 1917 football team, the university wood shop as it appeared in 1916, and the Delta Sigma Chi "Ski Jumper" snow sculpture from 1931. It's a nice slice of New England history and a wonderful way to learn about the school's history.

208

Costume History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Four books make up the rather elegant digital Costume History Collection at the Western Michigan University Library, and to pore through their pages is to experience the world of 18th and 19th century fashion. The books include designs from a Parisian women's magazine, color drawings of clothing of people of Persia, and a series of pattern diagrams. The Persian items are taken from the rather intriguing 1843 work, "A Residence of Eight Years in Persia, Among the Nestorian Christians: with Notices of the Muhammedans." The other three books offered here in their entirety include "L'Art de la Lingere" and "Parisian Fashion, 1827-1832". This last volume is also supplemented by a glossary and annotated bibliography. Moving on, the site also includes a section on the digitization particulars of this project.

209

Rethinking Collection Management Plans: Shaping Collective Collections for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of shared print repositories has created new opportunities for libraries to provide cost-effective stewardship through collaborative collection management. This opportunity also presents challenges, as libraries must reenvision collection management in the context of local, regional, and national priorities. In previous decades, collection management plans were used to communicate an institution's strategies for managing local collections. As libraries prepare

Samuel Demas; Mary E. Miller

2012-01-01

210

Brown Archival & Manuscript Collections Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Brown Archival & Manuscripts Collection Online (BAMCO) is a digital repository which contains documents related to many different subjects, including poetry, the history of Rhode Island, American political and diplomatic history, the history of science, and women's studies. This site provides users with finding aids for these various collections, along with digitized version of more than a dozen of said collections. Visitors can click on the "Browse all collections" area to look at all of the materials, or they can use the "Browse collections w/digital facsimiles", if they know they only want digitized materials. The currently digitized collections include the papers of James Manning (who corresponded with many a prominent Baptist minister in the late 18th century) and the Albert E. Lownes collection on Henry David Thoreau, to name only two. The Lownes collection contains books by Thoreau, critical works, and so on. The site also has contact information for those looking to ask specific questions about the collections.

211

Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 117 GIS Data Collection  

E-print Network

Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 117 GIS Data Collection OVERVIEW This chapter reviews the main methods of GIS data capture and transfer and introduces key practical management issues. It distinguishes, OCR 9 #12;Chapter 9 GIS Data Collection 118 OUTLINE 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Primary geographic data

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

212

Lewis Hine Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 1874, Lewis Hine studied at the University of Chicago and went on to teach at the Ethical Culture School in New York City. While in New York Hine took up photography and documented school activities and immigrants arriving at Ellis Island. He also became interested in taking photographs that would document child labor, and his photographs were published in the social welfare magazine "Charities and the Commons". As part of this work, he travelled from Texas to Maine to take photos of children working on the street, mills, and farms. These documents were instrumental in providing reform groups with the visual evidence of the negative impact that work had on children. The University of Maryland, Baltimore County has digitized 4,735 of these photographs and placed them here for the general public. Visitors can browse around the images by state, or they can also perform their own detailed search. It is a moving and compelling collection, and one that warrants several return visits.

213

Waste collection subsystem study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Practical ways were explored of improving waste compaction and of providing rapid turnaround between flights at essentially no cost for the space shuttle waste collection subsystem commode. Because of the possible application of a fully developed shuttle commode to the space station, means of providing waste treatment without overboard venting were also considered. Three basic schemes for compaction and rapid turnaround, each fully capable of meeting the objectives, were explored in sufficient depth to bring out the characteristic advantages and disadvantages of each. Tradeoff comparisons were very close between leading contenders and efforts were made to refine the design concepts sufficiently to justify a selection. The concept selected makes use of a sealed canister containing wastes that have been forcibly compacted, which is removable in flight. No selection was made between three superior non-venting treatment methods owing to the need for experimental evaluations of the processes involved. A system requirements definition document has been prepared to define the task for a test embodiment of the selected concept.

1984-01-01

214

The Jane Johnson Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Back in the middle of the 18th century, what was a young parent to do when it came to providing a meaningful and lasting education for their son or daughter? It would be a few decades before Rousseau's Emilie, and a bit longer for John Dewey to make the scene, so parents had to be a bit more creative. One particularly enterprising soul was Jane Johnson, who decided to create a set of materials designed to instruct her son, George William Johnson, in a variety of subjects. Several hundred years later, the good folks at Indiana University's Lilly Library decided to digitize these rather remarkable teaching aids so that the web-browsing public might be able to look through them at their leisure. All told, there are 438 separate pieces, including six sets of alphabet cards (complete with vowel sounds), two booklets, three sets of lesson cards in verse and anecdotal form, and several card sets of moral instruction. The cards are quite visually appealing, and they contain references to such contemporaries as George Berkeley, and George Wright, a noted Member of Parliament. For those with a penchant for taking a stroll down the memory lane of pedagogy and instruction, this collection is worth several visits.

215

Lehman Brothers Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the late 1840s, Henry Lehman made the journey from Germany to Alabama, where he established a dry goods store. Several years later, he was joined by his two brothers and over the coming years the firm of Lehman Brothers would become a commodities broker buying and selling cotton for the planters in the area. They opened a New York office in 1858, and during the next century and a half they would become one of the world's most prominent financial firms. Lehman Brothers collapsed in 2008, but curious persons can still learn about their various dealings via this site. The Lehman Brothers Collection at Harvard University's Baker Library contains digitized records of their deal books from the 1920s to the 1980s. On the homepage, visitors can learn about the history of the firm, and also use the "Using the Deal Books" to learn how to decipher all of their transactions. The deal books can also be browsed by chronology, company, or industry. That's far from all, as the site also has extensive business records, which include executive records, financial documents, and correspondence. Taken as a whole, it's a tremendous resource for persons with an interest in business history and American history more generally.

216

WTO Seattle Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Few were prepared for the events of November 30th, 1999 in the usually peaceable town of Seattle. As the World Trade Organization (WTO) began its opening conference ceremonies, protestors began to coalesce around the doors of the Washington State Convention Center. The protestors were there to protest many of the actions of the WTO, and by the end of the day this situation was quite chaotic as the Seattle Police Department ran low on tear gas and Seattle Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency. The protest received wide national and international coverage, and this digital collection from the University of Washington brings together some of the ephemeral printed material that was generated around the time of the demonstrations. Users can perform a keyword search on the database, or they can search the materials by category headings, which include "photographs", "planning documents", and "environment". For students of international protest movements, social action, and other related matters, this site will be quite interesting.

217

The Florida Folklife Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With generous funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the Florida State Archives has recently finished an ambitious two-year project to enhance access to a number of items in the Florida Folklife Collection by creating The Florida Memory Project website. No doubt the site will be of great interest to folklorists and the general public, as it contains an online index with descriptions of 50,000 photographic images and close to 5,000 audio recordings. Additionally, visitors can peruse over 10,000 of these photographic images by performing detailed searches. Visitors can also look through the audio section for a number of real finds, including a WPA recording of a work song performed by Zora Neale Hurston along with other folk song recordings. The site also includes five separate educational units, which may be used in the classroom, or perused at the discretion of each visitor. The units include discussions of the history of net making and net fishing in Florida and the creation of Seminole dolls by noted doll maker Mary B. Billie.

218

Collective systems for creative expression  

E-print Network

This thesis defines collective systems as a unique category of creative expression through the procedures of micro and macro cycles that address the transition from connectivity to collectivity. This thesis discusses the ...

Ar?kan, Harun Burak

2006-01-01

219

British Columbia Medical Centre Collection /  

E-print Network

British Columbia Medical Centre Collection / UBC Library (collector) Last revised November 2011 University of British Columbia Archives #12;Table of Contents Fonds Description o Title / Dates of Creation Library catalogue) #12;Fonds Description British Columbia Medical Centre Collection / UBC Library

Handy, Todd C.

220

FOG WATER COLLECTION IN CROATIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zavizan, the highest meteorological station in Croatia ( 1594 m ) is equipped with instrument for collecting fog water. Fog water collection started with the Grunow type collector in 1954. In the summer of 2000., on Zavizan was installed a standard fog collector ( SFC). This paper discusses the the daily fog water amounts collected with this new collector of

Marina Mileta

221

Collecting Data Through the Holidays  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson focuses on the use of tally tables, numerical tables, and bar graphs to collect data using holiday based questions. Students will find out who collected candy on Halloween, who ate corn on Thanksgiving, who left cookies for Santa on Christmas, etc. Teachers will make up their own questions in order to make the data collection relevant to their class.

2012-12-01

222

A Model of Collective Bargaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collective bargaining is a process influenced by many factors. A review of the literature, including an assessment of Dunlop's, Smythe's, Levinson's, and Craig's models, indicates that most models of collective bargaining are partial, dealing only with some of the components of the bargaining process. A model of educational collective bargaining…

Papale, Antimo

223

77 FR 6573 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Collection of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INFORMATION: Title: Collection of Qualitative Feedback through Focus Groups...collection activity will garner qualitative customer and stakeholder feedback...improving service delivery. By qualitative feedback USCIS means information...generalized to the population of study. This feedback will...

2012-02-08

224

Symmetries in collective neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

We discuss the relationship between a symmetry in the neutrino flavour evolution equations and neutrino flavour oscillations in the collective precession mode. This collective precession mode can give rise to spectral swaps (splits) when conditions can be approximated as homogeneous and isotropic. Multi-angle numerical simulations of supernova neutrino flavour transformation show that when this approximation breaks down, non-collective neutrino oscillation modes decohere kinematically, but the collective precession mode still is expected to stand out. We provide a criterion for significant flavour transformation to occur if neutrinos participate in a collective precession mode. This criterion can be used to understand the suppression of collective neutrino oscillations in anisotropic environments in the presence of a high matter density. This criterion is also useful in understanding the breakdown of the collective precession mode when neutrino densities are small.

Huaiyu Duan; George M. Fuller; Yong-Zhong Qian

2008-08-14

225

76 FR 22910 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...Security (DHS), Science and Technology...Collection (1) Type of Information Collection: New Information Collection. (2...Form/Collection: Science and...

2011-04-25

226

Hybrid Origin and Genomic Mosaicism of Dubautia scabra (Hawaiian Silversword Alliance; Asteraceae, Madiinae)  

E-print Network

on Maui Nui and Hawai`i (the Big Island). Keywords--Dubautia, genome mosaic, Hawaiian silversword alliance. 2004). In most plants, the plastid genomes are maternally inher- ited, while the nuclear genome that a plant genome resulting from a hy- bridization event would have maternal chloroplast and mi- tochondrial

227

ARTICLE A test of Brown's principle in the intertidal limpet Collisella scabra (Gould, 1846)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim Brown's principle predicts that a species will peak in density near its range centre, and decline gradually towards the margins of its geographical distribution. The decline is assumed to reflect a decrease in individual performance near range margins. I test this abundance-performance hypothesis by comparing patterns in density and size across the northern half of the geographical distribution of

Sarah Gilman

228

Collective Hamiltonian for wobbling modes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The simple, longitudinal, and transverse wobblers are systematically studied within the framework of a collective Hamiltonian, where the collective potential and mass parameter included are obtained based on the tilted axis cranking approach. Solving the collective Hamiltonian by diagonalization, the energies and the wave functions of the wobbling states are obtained. The obtained results are compared with those by the harmonic approximation formula and particle rotor model. The wobbling energies calculated by the collective Hamiltonian are closer to the exact solutions by the particle rotor model than the harmonic approximation formula. It is confirmed that the wobbling frequency increases with the rotational frequency in simple and longitudinal wobbling motions while decreases in transverse wobbling motion. These variation trends are related to the stiffness of the collective potential in the collective Hamiltonian.

Chen, Q. B.; Zhang, S. Q.; Zhao, P. W.; Meng, J.

2014-10-01

229

Collective behavior of inanimate boats  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose an inanimate system composed of camphor boats in an annular water channel in order to understand the collective motions. The boats move on the water surface spontaneously and interact with one another through the concentration of the camphor molecules on the water. We observed several modes of collective motion, e.g., behaviors analogous to traffic flow or an ant trail. Our system provides a convenient experimental setup for the investigation of a variety of collective motions.

Suematsu, Nobuhiko J.; Nakata, Satoshi; Awazu, Akinori; Nishimori, Hiraku

2010-05-01

230

Current Collection from Space Plasmas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The First Workshop on Current Collection from Space Plasmas was held at the Tom Bevil Center on the campus of The University of Alabama in Huntsville on April 24 to 25, 1989. The intent of the workshop was to assemble experts on various topics related to the problem of current collection for deliberations that would elucidate the present understanding of the overall current collection problem. Papers presented at the workshop are presented.

Singh, Nagendra (editor); Wright, K. H., Jr. (editor); Stone, Nobie H. (editor)

1990-01-01

231

Washington and Lee University Library Special Collections Collection Policy  

E-print Network

Washington and Lee University Library Special Collections Collection Policy This policy revises categories of books: 1. Books from the libraries of earlier incarnations of Washington and Lee University. 2. Books that include Washington and Lee University in their subject content. 3. Books about Robert E. Lee

Marsh, David

232

CHAPTER 1. COLLECTIVE PLASMA PHENOMENA 1 Collective Plasma  

E-print Network

CHAPTER 1. COLLECTIVE PLASMA PHENOMENA 1 Chapter 1 Collective Plasma Phenomena The properties of a medium are determined by the microscopic processes in it. In a plasma the microscopic processes is actually limited to a distance of order the Debye length in a plasma. On length scales longer than

Callen, James D.

233

Music Collectivities and MySpace: Towards Digital Collectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music collectivities have been changed by the use of digital technologies in terms of more flexibility among participants. This claim is so widely shared, that understanding if and how it makes sense is a difficult but engaging task. Unfortunately, the concepts used to frame music collectivities until now result unsatisfying for their different degrees of fixity. As a theoretical solution,

Camilla Rossi; Maurizio Teli

2009-01-01

234

Manuel R. Bustamante Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Made available by the University of Miami's Cuban Heritage Digital Collection (CHDC) of the Otto G. Richter Library, the Manuel R. Bustamante Photograph Collection contains over 600 photographs of Cuba that date from the turn of the 20th century to the 1930s. Donated by Manuel R. Bustamante, this collection showcases many aspects of Cuban life and culture not only through visual images but also through documents and memorabilia. The collection is divided into six categories -- churches and altars, cities and towns, faces of Cuba, industry and economy, landscapes, and rural life -- and have been made available by the CHDC for research and study purposes.

1997-01-01

235

A Guide to the Collections  

E-print Network

Offprint Collections 28 The Willett-Pashley Architectural Library 28 The Frank Lloyd Wright Collection 28 THE GENERAL RARE BOOK COLLECTION 28 THE REFERENCE COLLECTIONS 29 I I . M A N U S C R I P T S 30 MEDIAEVAL AND EARLY RENAISSANCE MANUSCRIPTS 30...'Estrange's Intel­ ligencer (a gift of the Friends of the Library), scientific journals such as The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (begun in 1664 and still publish­ ing), periodicals in business and economics such as Lloyd's Evening Post, as well...

Mason, Alexandra

1987-01-01

236

University of North Texas Digital Collections: Miniature Book Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is it a recipe for moon tea you seek? Perhaps you'd like to learn more about the century that only had 99 years. It's all here in the delightful Miniature Book Collection created by the dedicated souls at the University of North Texas Libraries Digital Collection group. The collection includes almost 3000 items, and 299 of them have been scanned and added to this website in recent years. The digital collection includes a copy of Cicero from 1521, prayer books from the mid-1600s, and more recent chapbooks by contemporary artists. Visitors to the collection can use their search engine, or just browse around at their leisure. The site also includes issues of the Miniature Book Society Newsletter dating back to 1989 and the archives of the Miniature Book News, which was incorporated into the Newsletter in 2001.

237

Tritium monitor and collection system  

DOEpatents

This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next on-line getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter.

Bourne, Gary L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Meikrantz, David H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ely, Walter E. (Los Alamos, NM); Tuggle, Dale G. (Los Alamos, NM); Grafwallner, Ervin G. (Arco, ID); Wickham, Keith L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Maltrud, Herman R. (Los Alamos, NM); Baker, John D. (Blackfoot, ID)

1992-01-01

238

Tritium monitor and collection system  

SciTech Connect

This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next online getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter.

Baker, J.D.; Wickham, K.L.; Ely, W.E.; Tuggle, D.G.; Meikrantz, D.H.; Grafwaller, E.G.; Maltrud, H.R.; Bourne, G.L.

1991-03-26

239

Tritium monitor and collection system  

DOEpatents

This system measures tritium on-line and collects tritium from a flowing inert gas stream. It separates the tritium from other non-hydrogen isotope contaminating gases, whether radioactive or not. The collecting portion of the system is constructed of various zirconium alloys called getters. These alloys adsorb tritium in any of its forms at one temperature and at a higher temperature release it as a gas. The system consists of four on-line getters and heaters, two ion chamber detectors, two collection getters, and two guard getters. When the incoming gas stream is valved through the on-line getters, 99.9% of it is adsorbed and the remainder continues to the guard getter where traces of tritium not collected earlier are adsorbed. The inert gas stream then exits the system to the decay chamber. Once the on-line getter has collected tritium for a predetermined time, it is valved off and the next on-line getter is valved on. Simultaneously, the first getter is heated and a pure helium purge is employed to carry the tritium from the getter. The tritium loaded gas stream is then routed through an ion chamber which measures the tritium activity. The ion chamber effluent passes through a collection getter that readsorbs the tritium and is removable from the system once it is loaded and is then replaced with a clean getter. Prior to removal of the collection getter, the system switches to a parallel collection getter. The effluent from the collection getter passes through a guard getter to remove traces of tritium prior to exiting the system. The tritium loaded collection getter, once removed, is analyzed by liquid scintillation techniques. The entire sequence is under computer control except for the removal and analysis of the collection getter. 7 figs.

Bourne, G.L.; Meikrantz, D.H.; Ely, W.E.; Tuggle, D.G.; Grafwallner, E.G.; Wickham, K.L.; Maltrud, H.R.; Baker, J.D.

1992-01-14

240

State Government Tax Collections: 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The annual Census Bureau report State Government Tax Collections Data by State presents statistics on tax collections for the 50 US state governments in HTML table, ASCII text file, and spreadsheet file formats. According to the 1998 data, individual income taxes and general sales taxes continued to be the mainstay of most state government tax systems last year.

1999-01-01

241

Library of Virginia: Photographic Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia's ongoing Digital Library Program in 2001 added eight public library digital photograph collections. Starting from the LVA Digital Library homepage, users select the name of one of the public library collections to go directly to its search page. For a little more information about the type of photographs to expect in each collection, we recommend beginning at the About the Collections page. Following this route, a user can learn that the digitized portion of the Hampton Public Library consists of 1,400 photographs from the Christopher E. Cheyne collection, including many downtown Hampton businesses, representing the seafood industry hotels and seaside resorts, and the amusement park. This collection also includes portraits of a few Civil War veterans, members of prominent Hampton families, and photographer Cheyne's family. In contrast, one would find fewer images of people in the Newport News Public Library collection, since it consists of close to 300 images related to the construction of Hilton Village, a World War I era public housing project, and the Hotel Warwick, a grand nineteenth-century resort. Searching is still a little unpredictable even with the additional information; to browse most of the images in a collection, try searching on a photographer's name, or the proper name of prominent subjects depicted.

242

Students Collecting Real time Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students Collecting Real-Time Data The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary has created opportunities for middle and high school students to become Student Researchers and to be involved in real-time marine data collection. It is important that we expose students to different fields of science and encourage them to enter scientific fields of study. The Humpback Whale Sanctuary has

P. Miller

2006-01-01

243

Hispanic Reading Room: Online Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hispanic Reading Room site from the Library of Congress brings together over a dozen digital collections crafted from primary and secondary source materials related to Luso-Hispanic cultural history. The collections offered on this site include the Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake as well as a collection on Puerto Rico and the Dawn of the Modern Age. This last area contains a small gallery of cartographic items as well as a short essay on national identity. Moving on, the Exhibits and Pictorial Collections contain wonderful visual explorations of the Spanish-American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Of additional note, visitors on the hunt for a specific photograph or hard-to-find item may wish to consult the Reading Room's list of free-lance picture researchers who may be able to search for these items for a small fee.

244

Collective network for computer structures  

DOEpatents

A system and method for enabling high-speed, low-latency global collective communications among interconnected processing nodes. The global collective network optimally enables collective reduction operations to be performed during parallel algorithm operations executing in a computer structure having a plurality of the interconnected processing nodes. Router devices ate included that interconnect the nodes of the network via links to facilitate performance of low-latency global processing operations at nodes of the virtual network and class structures. The global collective network may be configured to provide global barrier and interrupt functionality in asynchronous or synchronized manner. When implemented in a massively-parallel supercomputing structure, the global collective network is physically and logically partitionable according to needs of a processing algorithm.

Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Coteus, Paul W. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Gara, Alan (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Hoenicke, Dirk (Ossining, NY); Takken, Todd E. (Brewster, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Wernau, DE); Vranas, Pavlos M. (Bedford Hills, NY)

2011-08-16

245

Confederate Imprints Collection: Sheet Music  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the United States continues to explore the legacy of the Civil War, this timely collection adds to the conversation. The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collection has created this collection of printed music created between 1861 and 1865 in the Confederacy. During its short-lived existence, the Confederacy produced more than 7,000 books, pamphlets, broadsides, maps, pieces of sheet music, pictures, and periodicals. Many collections of songs, known as songsters, were created during this period. The patriotic lyrics of these songs kept up southern morale, and they are interesting documents for musicologists, historians, and others. This collection features 50 pieces of music, including ballads like "Bonny Jean" and quick-steps like "Beauregard Manassas." Visitors can look over the pieces at their leisure, and those persons with a visual bent will be fascinated by the cover art for each musical composition.

2012-04-06

246

Pamphlet and Textual Ephemera Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The worlds of theater, tourism, and urban development all come together in this delightful and intriguing digital collection. Created by staff members at the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collection group, the collection includes pamphlets, books, and theater programs that cover tourism in Washington State, urban development in Seattle, the world of theatrical amusements in the area, and the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition of 1909. The Seattle architecture offerings are quite useful, and they include promotional brochures for new buildings and a pamphlet that explores the later development of the land which contained the first home of the University of Washington. The theater programs collection contains original programs from a diverse range of production from the early days of Seattle Theater, including productions of "Just Out of College" and "The Pirates of Penzance". All told, the entire collection contains 115 items and it's well worth a look.

247

78 FR 28848 - Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on Patient Safety Culture Comparative Database.'' In accordance with the Paperwork...on Patient Safety Culture Comparative Database. Request for information collection...Culture (Hospital SOPS) Comparative Database; OMB NO. 0935- [[Page...

2013-05-16

248

COLLECTIONS Community History Collection/Anacostia Community Museum  

E-print Network

in 2003 and 2004; the grip bag, wrist tape, and uneven bar grips she used at the 2012 Olympics; the ticket, and audio tapes with transcripts, the collection includes the remaining papers of Charles Qualls, community

Mathis, Wayne N.

249

Guide to the Apollo Collection Compiled by  

E-print Network

Guide to the Apollo Collection Compiled by Anne Coleman, Archivist & Vignesh Subbian, Archives to the Apollo Collection Contact Information: Department of Archives/Special Collections M. Louis Salmon Library:http://www.uah.edu/library/about/department/archives.htm Descriptive Summary Title: Apollo Collection Collection number: Special Collections Apollo Collection Creator

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

250

Schistosomiasis collection at NHM (SCAN)  

PubMed Central

Background The Natural History Museum (NHM) is developing a repository for schistosomiasis-related material, the Schistosomiasis Collection at NHM (SCAN) as part of its existing Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratory (WWBL). This is timely because a major research and evaluation effort to understand control and move towards elimination of schistosomiasis in Africa has been initiated by the Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE), resulting in the collection of many important biological samples, including larval schistosomes and snails. SCAN will collaborate with a number of research groups and control teams and the repository will acquire samples relevant to both immediate and future research interest. The samples collected through ongoing research and field activities, WWBL’s existing collections, and other acquisitions will be maintained over the long term and made available to the global research community for approved research purposes. Goals include: · Consolidation of the existing NHM schistosome and snail collections and transfer of specimens into suitable long-term storage systems for DNA retrieval, · Long-term and stable storage of specimens collected as part of on going field programmes initially in Africa especially relating to the SCORE research programmes, · Provision of access to snail and schistosome collections for approved research activities. PMID:22943137

2012-01-01

251

Collection efficiency of conical reflectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate a class of illumination systems, which consist of a light source, a conical (elliptical or parabolic) reflector and an optical device that collects the radiation. The collection efficiency of such systems is limited for conventional means of light collection such as rod and fly's eye integrators. The distribution of the collecting etendue in phase space differs from that of the light, which comes from the reflector. The mismatch is caused by a series of optical effects such as the actual shape of the source, a variable magnification of the conical section, and by consequences from skewness conservation. Nevertheless, this situation is accepted as in many commercial devices, and one may at least ask what conditions yield best efficiency. We show, for example, how to calculate optimum eccentricity of an elliptical reflector to be used with a given source and integrator. To go further and to reduce the etendue mismatch, one may either redesign the lamp for a better fit to the collection system or modify the collection method. Based on the analysis of the conical reflector, we discuss options to achieve better collection efficiency and show examples. For a simultaneous treatment of both elliptical and parabolic reflectors, we introduce a new method that describes the lamp by a luminance distribution on the director circle or plane of the conical section.

Rehn, Henning

2004-09-01

252

Collective Transformations, Collective Theories: What Adult Educators Can Learn From the Boston Women's Health Book Collective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of the 12-woman Boston Women's Health Book Collective was examined in a case study that focused on the collective's activities from its formation in 1969 through its publication of the book "Our Bodies, Ourselves" in 1973 and its opening of a women's clinic in downtown Boston that is still in operation today. The case study draws…

Birden, Susan

253

The ecology of collective behavior.  

PubMed

Similar patterns of interaction, such as network motifs and feedback loops, are used in many natural collective processes, probably because they have evolved independently under similar pressures. Here I consider how three environmental constraints may shape the evolution of collective behavior: the patchiness of resources, the operating costs of maintaining the interaction network that produces collective behavior, and the threat of rupture of the network. The ants are a large and successful taxon that have evolved in very diverse environments. Examples from ants provide a starting point for examining more generally the fit between the particular pattern of interaction that regulates activity, and the environment in which it functions. PMID:24618695

Gordon, Deborah M

2014-03-01

254

Pacific area data collection stations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The installation of environmental data collection systems at several remotely located sites in islands in the Pacific Ocean is summarized. The effort was designed to enhance the ability to collect hydrological information. The data collection station consists of a data acquisition system for handling data, a transmitter for uplinking information to the GOES-W geostationary satellite, and a variety of environmental sensors for data accumulation. Each system was assembled, tested, and deployed on designated islands. The concept of using microprocessors for handling data at remote sites and relaying it via a satellite link is a cost effective approach. Such systems require high reliability and proven performance in the field.

Rector, R. C.

1983-01-01

255

William P. Palmer III Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unique collection housed at the University of Maine represents a broad spectrum of pre-Columbian and Northwest Coast art collected between 1965 and 1970. The items here include 550 tomb figures from the Colima, Jalisco, and Nayarit cultures of Western Mexico, along with 1150 ceramic figures from the MichoacÃÂán and ChupÃÂácuaro cultures of Mexico. Additionally, the collection includes ceramics and gold items from Panama, jade objects from Costa Rica, and a small clutch of Mississippian ceramics. On the homepage, visitors can learn a bit more about the collection, and then they will want to surely start browsing at their leisure. There are a few thematically organized sections here, and visitors won't want to miss the "Images for Eternity: West Mexican Tomb Figures" section in particular.

256

Intel Concurrent Collections for Haskell  

E-print Network

Intel Concurrent Collections (CnC) is a parallel programming model in which a network of steps (functions) communicate through message-passing as well as a limited form of shared memory. This paper describes a new ...

Newton, Ryan

2011-03-22

257

Texas Natural History Collections: Herpetology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Herpetology Collection of reptiles and amphibians is part of the Texas Natural History Collections (TNHC) in the University of Texas at Austin's Texas Memorial Museum. The Collection "holdings consist of about 63,000 catalogued specimens, which are used for research by faculty, staff and students at the University, as well as by qualified researchers throughout the world." Frogs make up more than half of the catalogued specimens, and the United States is the primary source of specimens. Collection materials are also from Central and South America, Mexico, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Loans are available to "established researchers at recognized institutions with the facilities to properly house and care for the specimens." The website offers information about the Loan Policy to interested researchers. The site also links to the searchable and browseable TNHC Herp Database. Please note that the Database is under construction, and may be unavailable on occasion.

258

Skip Counting With Counting Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 12-minute video Stephanie Latimer's kindergarten students develop strategies for counting collections of objects. They group objects, skip count, and record their results. The resource includes reflection questions for teacher discussion.

2012-01-01

259

Wildflower Collecting: A Class Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates wildflower collecting as a class project, citing instances of interest in studies of soil composition, growing wildflowers, and increased student motivation toward the subject of botany as basis for the activity. (CP)

Moore, Sheila V.

1976-01-01

260

Wealth inequality and collective action  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effect of inequality in the distribution of endowments of private inputs (e.g., land, wealth) that are complementary in production with collective inputs (e.g., contribution to public goods such as irrigation and extraction from common-property resources) on efficiency in a class of collective action problems. We focus on characterizing the joint surplus maximizing level of inequality, making due

Pranab Bardhan; Maitreesh Ghatak; Alexander Karaivanov

2007-01-01

261

Information-Driven Collective Intelligences  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information-driven collective intelligences derive from the connection and the interaction of multiple, distributed, independent\\u000a agents that produce and process information, and eventually turn it into knowledge, meant in the broad sense of capability\\u000a of conceptual representation. For instance, the World-wide Web can be viewed as an information-driven collective intelligence\\u000a emerging from the digital network known as the Internet. The point

Francesca Arcelli Fontana; Ferrante Formato; Remo Pareschi

2010-01-01

262

Programmable data collection platform study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a feasibility study incorporating microprocessors in data collection platforms in described. An introduction to microcomputer hardware and software concepts is provided. The influence of microprocessor technology on the design of programmable data collection platform hardware is discussed. A standard modular PDCP design capable of meeting the design goals is proposed, and the process of developing PDCP programs is examined. A description of design and construction of the UT PDCP development system is given.

1976-01-01

263

Collective behaviour without collective order in wild swarms of midges.  

PubMed

Collective behaviour is a widespread phenomenon in biology, cutting through a huge span of scales, from cell colonies up to bird flocks and fish schools. The most prominent trait of collective behaviour is the emergence of global order: individuals synchronize their states, giving the stunning impression that the group behaves as one. In many biological systems, though, it is unclear whether global order is present. A paradigmatic case is that of insect swarms, whose erratic movements seem to suggest that group formation is a mere epiphenomenon of the independent interaction of each individual with an external landmark. In these cases, whether or not the group behaves truly collectively is debated. Here, we experimentally study swarms of midges in the field and measure how much the change of direction of one midge affects that of other individuals. We discover that, despite the lack of collective order, swarms display very strong correlations, totally incompatible with models of non-interacting particles. We find that correlation increases sharply with the swarm's density, indicating that the interaction between midges is based on a metric perception mechanism. By means of numerical simulations we demonstrate that such growing correlation is typical of a system close to an ordering transition. Our findings suggest that correlation, rather than order, is the true hallmark of collective behaviour in biological systems. PMID:25057853

Attanasi, Alessandro; Cavagna, Andrea; Del Castello, Lorenzo; Giardina, Irene; Melillo, Stefania; Parisi, Leonardo; Pohl, Oliver; Rossaro, Bruno; Shen, Edward; Silvestri, Edmondo; Viale, Massimiliano

2014-07-01

264

Collective Behaviour without Collective Order in Wild Swarms of Midges  

PubMed Central

Collective behaviour is a widespread phenomenon in biology, cutting through a huge span of scales, from cell colonies up to bird flocks and fish schools. The most prominent trait of collective behaviour is the emergence of global order: individuals synchronize their states, giving the stunning impression that the group behaves as one. In many biological systems, though, it is unclear whether global order is present. A paradigmatic case is that of insect swarms, whose erratic movements seem to suggest that group formation is a mere epiphenomenon of the independent interaction of each individual with an external landmark. In these cases, whether or not the group behaves truly collectively is debated. Here, we experimentally study swarms of midges in the field and measure how much the change of direction of one midge affects that of other individuals. We discover that, despite the lack of collective order, swarms display very strong correlations, totally incompatible with models of non-interacting particles. We find that correlation increases sharply with the swarm's density, indicating that the interaction between midges is based on a metric perception mechanism. By means of numerical simulations we demonstrate that such growing correlation is typical of a system close to an ordering transition. Our findings suggest that correlation, rather than order, is the true hallmark of collective behaviour in biological systems. PMID:25057853

Attanasi, Alessandro; Cavagna, Andrea; Del Castello, Lorenzo; Giardina, Irene; Melillo, Stefania; Parisi, Leonardo; Pohl, Oliver; Rossaro, Bruno; Shen, Edward; Silvestri, Edmondo; Viale, Massimiliano

2014-01-01

265

77 FR 64376 - Information Collection Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR part 1312 (water carrier tariffs...relevant information collections are described...collections: Collection Number 1 Title...Recordations (Rail and Water Carrier Liens...last filing. Collection Number 2 Title: Water Carrier...

2012-10-19

266

University of Florida Digital Collections: Florida Photograph Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida is much, much more than a certain rather large theme park and the bustling nightlife of South Beach. Anyone with a cursory interest in the history of the Sunshine State should make a beeline for this engaging site. Created by the University of Florida Digital Collections, the Florida Photograph collection contains thousands of images related to the history and culture of the state. The collection features a number of subcollections, including Florida Ephemera and Concrete Blog: Messages on the Wall. The Concrete Blog section offers a fascinating portrait of Gainesville's 34th Street Wall, which has served as a community sounding board and place of artistic reflection for over 30 years. Neophytes can also type a few keywords into the search engine to get started; they might do well to begin with Tampa, Apalachicola, or hotels.

2012-05-18

267

Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines digital library collections and outlines two classes of collection metadata. Describes the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project approach to collection metadata, including the ADL system architecture and collection guidelines and the format and use of the ADL collection metadata. Appendices include ADL collection metadata and example.…

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary

1999-01-01

268

Bohunice Simulator Data Collection Project  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes the way and results of human reliability data analysis collected as a part of the Bohunice Simulator Data Collection Project (BSDCP), which was performed by VUJE Trnava, Inc. with funding support from the U.S. DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration. The goal of the project was to create a methodology for simulator data collection and analysis to support activities in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and human reliability assessment for Jaslovske Bohunice nuclear power plant consisting of two sets of twin units: two VVER 440/V-230 (V1) and two VVER 440/V-213 (V2) reactors. During the project training of V-2 control room crews was performed at VUJE-Trnava simulator. The simulator training and the data collection were done in parallel. The main goal of BSDCP was to collect suitable data of human errors under simulated conditions requiring the use of symptom-based emergency operating procedures (SBEOPs). The subjects of the data collection were scenario progress time data, operator errors, and real-time technological parameters. The paper contains three main parts. The first part presents preparatory work and semi-automatic computer-based methods used to collect data and to check technological parameters in order to find hidden errors of operators, to be able to retrace the course of each scenario for purposes of further analysis, and to document the whole training process. The first part gives also an overview of collected data scope, human error taxonomy, and state classifications for SBEOP instructions coding. The second part describes analytical work undertaken to describe time distribution necessary for execution of various kinds of instructions performed by operators according to the classification for coding of SBEOP instructions. It also presents the methods used for determination of probability distribution for different operator errors. Results from the data evaluation are presented in the last part of the paper. An overview of observed human error probabilities (HEP) according to the developed taxonomy is given. HEP observed during training process were used as reference input data for HRA (Human Reliability Assesment) within existing PSAs performed by VUJE. Observing two different training seasons offered an opportunity to compare a progress achieved through the training process. This paper shows us how it is possible to make this kind of comparison in order to establish an objective measure of training quality and to determine training weaknesses. Results gained during the project-evoked interest of different NPPs (Nuclear Power Plant) in Slovak Republic to collect and process simulator data for further improvement of human factor safety, operational procedures, training process, etc. (authors)

Cillik, Ivan; Prochaska, Jan [Vuje Trnava Inc., Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava (Slovakia)

2002-07-01

269

Regeneration of the radial nerve cord in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Regeneration of neurons and fibers in the mammalian spinal cord has not been plausible, even though extensive studies have been made to understand the restrictive factors involved. New experimental models and strategies are necessary to determine how new nerve cells are generated and how fibers regrow and connect with their targets in adult animals. Non-vertebrate deuterostomes might provide some

José E San Miguel-Ruiz; Angel R Maldonado-Soto; José E García-Arrarás

2009-01-01

270

Learning Wisdom through Collectivity: The Women Writing Women Collective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Women Writing Women Collective was a collegial and collaborative response to the isolation that is often experienced by women scholars as they pursue their academic careers. For 5 years, a group of women gathered on a monthly basis to share their writing. In doing so, the group members provided a sounding board for each other as they engaged…

Armstrong, Luanne; Bickel, Barbara; Fels, Lynn; Gerhard, Gillian; Hoy, Alyson; Jordan, Nané; Nielsen, Wendy; Smith, Annie; Stubbs, Jeannie; Triggs, Valerie

2014-01-01

271

Collection Development: Great Finds for Your Collectibles Shelf.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly reviews 41 books and periodicals about antiques and collectibles such as glassware, porcelain, dolls, buttons, ceramics, folk arts, furniture, jewelry, rugs, textiles, and woodenware. Books are arranged in the following topic areas: price guides; general surveys; out-of-print titles; trends; conservation and restoration; dealers; and…

Gross, Margarete

1993-01-01

272

Learning the Collection: A New Librarian's Experience in Collection Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author is a reference and instruction librarian at Iowa State University with collection development and liaison responsibilities for chemistry, biochemistry, entomology, and natural resource ecology. She recently came to librarianship with an education and three years' experience in biochemistry and biotechnology. During the last four years…

Lewin, Heather

2010-01-01

273

McIntosh Cookery Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you think you know New England cookery, you might want to take a gander at the Beatrice McIntosh Cookery Collection website. Located at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, the collection contains almost 7500 books, pamphlets, and ephemeral items related to this aspect of New England culture. Visitors to the site can search the entire collection, or browse through the "Subjects" area, which includes works divided into topics like "seafood", "historical", and "ethnic". Moving on, visitors can browse the cookbooks by place or decade, and here they will find items that include a guide to preparing cranberries from the American Cranberry Exchange and a wine list from the Lafayette House in Foxboro, Massachusetts. Also, visitors can download "cookbookmarks" to use for their own reading pleasure.

274

The Gay Peoples Union Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the 1970s, The Gay Peoples Union was the most important gay and lesbian rights organization in Milwaukee. The Union started as a student group at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and they eventually took a key role in working for social change in the contentious arena of educating the general public about homosexuality. This extremely valuable digital collection was created by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections initiative, utilizing materials from the Division of Archives and Special Collections of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Visitors to the site can make their way through copies of the Gay Peoples Union newsletter and also listen to the radio program, Gay Perspective. Users are welcome to also browse the textual and audio materials at their leisure.

275

David Rumsey Historical Map Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David Rumsey Collection features historical atlases, globes, school geographies, maritime charts, and individual maps of several types. Its primary focus is on 18th and 19th century maps of the Americas, but it also includes maps of the world, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania. The collection can be viewed using either the Insight browser, Insight Java client, a GIS viewer that permits two-or three-dimensional viewing, or a Flash-based thumbnail viewer. The web site features a directory that is browseable in several modes, including map type, location, cartographer, year, or an alphabetical listing. Each entry is accompanied by an image of the map and a record that includes author, date, title, publisher, object dimensions, scale, and other types of cataloguing information. Other site materials include an overview of the collection and its internet technology, information on recent additions, and information on purchasing reproductions.

2001-04-06

276

The Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in New York City in 1882, Doris Ulmann was a graduate of the school of the Ethical Culture Society, a socially liberal organization that was know for championing individual worth regardless of ethnic background or economic condition. Over her life, Ulmann documented the rural people of the American South and also created a series of prominent intellectuals of the day, including John Dewey and Lewis Mumford. Recently, the University of Oregon Libraries created this fine digital collection that provides access to 1,800 of approximately 12,000 images from the Ulman Photograph Collection. Visitors to the site can browse the collection or perform advanced searches utilizing such fields as title, description, and photo date.

277

Alaska and Western Canada Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections continues to break new and interesting ground with one of their latest offerings, which happens to focus in on Alaska and the Canadian provinces of Yukon Territory and British Columbia. With extensive archival holdings in both areas, they are certainly well poised to do so, and this particular collection includes visual materials related to the famed Gold Rush of 1898 to 1900, mining activities, and World War II installations. As with previous collections from this series, visitors can type keywords into the search engine, or they can search by category. The Gold Rush section is a real gem, as it includes 225 images in total. They include an illustration of a miner's working outfit from 1897, a photograph of a mining town dance from 1900, and a harrowing photograph of a boat navigating the treacherous Miles Canyon along the Yukon River.

278

Congressman Frank Annunzio Photo Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Congressman Frank Annunzio of Chicago represented his constituents for 28 years in the U.S. House of Representatives and was always a strong advocate for causes dear to Italian Americans. Annunzio was a consummate Chicagoan: before he was elected to political office in 1965 he was a teacher and a director of labor for the state of Illinois. During his time in the House, he worked tirelessly to have Columbus Day declared a national holiday, among other activities. This digital collection from the University of Illinois at Chicago Library brings together 348 images culled from negatives in the James S. Parker Collection in the Special Collections Department. The images feature Annunzio working with constituents, marching in parades, making speeches and visiting different parts of Chicago. [KMG

279

Canadian Pamphlets and Broadsides Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Circus posters, exhibition notices, and farm land auction broadsides are just a few of the items in this marvelous collection from the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library at the University of Toronto. This site provides access to over 590 broadsides and 2,600 pamphlet titles which amounts to over 71,500 page images. Visitors will find that the collection contains items printed in Canada, by Canadian authors, or about Canadian subjects. Users can search the collection by language, author, and keyword. Of course, browsing around by subject is encouraged as well. It is worth looking at some of the items under "tariff" as they relate part of Canada's relationship with Great Britain and other countries. Additionally, there is some compelling material about the Church of England as well.

2012-01-06

280

Max Hunter Folk Song Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Michael F. Murray, Assistant Professor of Music at Southwest Missouri State University, this site is a terrific resource for students and fans of traditional American music. The site offers numerous selections from the Max Hunter Collection, an archive of almost 1,600 Ozark Mountain folk songs, recorded between 1956 and 1976. Hunter was a travelling salesman from Springfield, Missouri who took his reel-to-reel tape recorder with him into the rural Ozarks, recording the songs and stories of people he met. The collection may be keyword searched or browsed by song title, singer, or catalog number. Featured songs list the singer, location, and date and include a transcription of the verses, in some cases a musical score, and links to an audio recording in RealPlayer, high-quality AIFF, and for some selections, MIDI formats. This site is yet another example of how the Internet offers free worldwide access to unique and priceless collections.

281

Eastern Washington University Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eastern Washington University (EWU) Libraries has been working over the past several years to put a number of collections online, and this website includes some of their latest offerings. The materials are all housed at the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library on the EWU campus, and they include "Pacific Railroad Survey Prints" and "Historic Images of Cheney, WA". In the "Pacific Railroad Survey Prints" collection, visitors can browse through 69 items from the 1860 War Department Reports of Explorations and Survey. They present some of the earliest published images of the Northwest, and they will be a true delight to historians and artists. Moving on, the "Women of a Small College Town" collection includes 15 transcriptions of oral history interviews conducted with women from Cheney, which is the home of EWU.

282

The Daily Palette Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every day, the staff members at the Daily Palette Digital Collection at the University of Iowa Libraries put up a new artwork by a different Iowa artist. Since the project was launched in 2004, the collection has profiled over 1,000 artists working in the fine arts, literature, video, and the performing arts. Visitors can scroll through the Highlights of Collection section near the bottom of the page for a taste of the very intriguing offerings here. The Subcollections area includes areas like Iowa Writes, Iowa on Stage, and Iowa at 30 Frames per second. This last area has 11 rather intriguing short films, including "Body Beasts," "Back of the Mike," and "Alternative Forms of Energy." Also, Iowa Writes includes over 700 poems, including "Ode to Thresher" and "16th Avenue, Cedar Rapids."

2012-08-10

283

Cambridge University: Digital Image Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the course of the past eight centuries, Cambridge University has come into the possession of more than a few important documents. Their online digital image collection may be seen as an important first stop for anyone interested in perusing some of these remarkable materials. These documents include The Portsmouth and Macclesfield Collection, which contains the writings and ideas of Sir Isaac Newton, and the sketchbooks of Conrad Martens, who accompanied Charles Darwin on board the Beagle. That is far from all, however, as visitors can also browse the pages of the 13th century illuminated volume, "The Life of King Edward the Confessor". All in all, it is a lovely collection and one that scholars with any interest in English history will want to examine and recommend to their colleagues and students.

284

Fossil Collection and Museum Curation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before we go into the field, students are exposed to field collection techniques and appropriate information to collect at the outcrop. This assignment is good for field trips because students each collect 1 or few samples, but spend time on the outcrop measuring a section and collecting associated lithologic and other fossil data if available (locality information, exposure, over and underlying sedimentology, details of host rock, sedimentary structures, assocaited fossils, diversity and abundance, taphonomic condition of fossils, etc). The field locality can be anywhere where there are resaonably well preserved fossils (and should give students an appreciation of museum quality specimens). This allows this exercise to be flexible as field trip localities change. All of the information that they collect in the field will be included in their field notebook that is handed in at the end of the field trip for evaluation. In the lab-I used class time-students are asked to make a detailed sketch of their sample that they can take to the library with them, and a discussion is held as to where to look for information to identify specimens with. Students are given a week (variable depending on the availability of resources, for example if monographs need to be aquired through inter-library loan) to idenitfy their specimen and then asked to catalog them for the museum. They fill out a SUNY Oswego Paleontology Museum card, which they have seen all semester for their sample and are given the option to donate it to the collection or keep it.

Boyer, Diana

285

Cloud water collection from aircraft  

SciTech Connect

The principal challenge is to collect sufficient and representative water samples from nonprecipitating warm, supercooled, or glaciated clouds. This has to be done with adequate spatial resolution and minimal sample contamination, using devices stationed on mountaintops or mounted on airborne platforms (balloons or airplanes). Cloud collectors are usually designed to use direct impaction or centrifugal force for the removal of cloud particles from the ambient airstream. Once the particles have been deflected and collected on a surface, several physical principles, such as gravity, further centrifugation, or capillary action, may be employed to enhance coalescence of individual droplets into the bulk water that constitutes the actual sample volume.

Mohnen, V.A.

1980-01-01

286

COMET MetEd Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The COMET MetEd Collection provides education and training resources to benefit the operational forecaster community, university atmospheric scientists and students, and anyone interested in learning more about meteorology and weather forecasting topics. The collection makes available images, tutorials, visualizations, meteorological data, and learning materials on climate, icing, convective weather, fog and low stratus, hydrology, satellite meteorology, numerical weather prediction (nwp), winter weather, hurricanes, and other mesoscale meteorology topics. The site houses online learning materials as well as information on other training and education activities maintained by the COMET Program.

2003-01-15

287

Journalistic Uses of Collective Memory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to scholarship on journalism and history by exploring the ways journalists use and reconstitute the past. Uses mediated collective memory of the 1965 Watts riots in Los Angeles to identify a typology of ways journalists use public past: commemorations, historical analogies, and historical contexts. Speculates about how narratives of…

Edy, Jill A.

1999-01-01

288

Frame of Reference: Special Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rare, distinctive, unique--academic libraries are exploring new ways to describe and define what they've traditionally called special collections: incunabula, manuscripts, rare books, cultural artifacts and more. These valuable, historically important, and often one-of-a-kind artifacts can be a treasure trove for scholars and students. Technology…

Goetsch, Lori A.

2010-01-01

289

Classification Schemes for Collection Mediation  

E-print Network

of collaboration. Their aim has been i #12;ii Abstract to an empirical basis for design of a web-based multimediaClassification Schemes for Collection Mediation: Work Centered Design and Cognitive Work Analysis Design Hanne Albrechtsen Cognitive Systems Engineering Centre Systems Analysis Department Risø National

290

Task Modelling in Collective Robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does coherent collective behaviour require an explicit mechanism of cooperation? In this paper, we demonstrate that a certain class of cooperative tasks, namely coordinated box manipulation, are possible without explicit communication or cooperation mechanisms. The approach relies on subtask decomposition and sensor preprocessing. A framework is proposed for modelling multi-robot tasks which are described as a series of steps with

C. Ronald Kube

1997-01-01

291

Sheldon Harris Sheet Music Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sheldon Harris was an avid record collector, and he began his collection as a young man growing up in Brooklyn. During his life, he also served as the blues editor of "Jazz & Pop Magazine", and also found time to publish an important biographical dictionary of blues singers and an oral history of jazz as told by jazz trombonist and blues singer, Clyde E.B. Bernhardt. This particular digital sheet music collection pays tribute to his work, and it was created by The University of Mississippi Department of Archives and Special Collections. Visitors can browse the sheet music at their leisure, and the holdings are particularly strong in the blues and early minstrel numbers. There are a number of ways to complete searches, as users can browse the selections by creator, decade, publisher, or geographic region. Items of note in the collection include "Jazzin' the Blues Away", "I'm Saving Up The Means To Get To New Orleans" and the W.C. Handy-penned classic "Memphis Blues".

2008-01-01

292

QR Codes: Taking Collections Further  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With some thought and direction, QR (quick response) codes are a great tool to use in school libraries to enhance access to information. From March through April 2013, Caitlin Ahearn interned at Sanborn Regional High School (SRHS) under the supervision of Pam Harland. As a result of Harland's un-Deweying of the nonfiction collection at SRHS,…

Ahearn, Caitlin

2014-01-01

293

Monterey Jazz Festival Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer brings thoughts of outdoor jazz festivals, and fans of the genre flock to places like Newport and Monterey each year to take in a variety of performances. Since 1958, the pleasant seaside town of Monterey has hosted the Monterey Jazz Festival and their vast archives of performances, ephemera, and other materials are housed at Stanford University's Archive of Recorded Sound. With substantial funding from the Grammy Foundation, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and Save America's Treasures, the Archive of Recorded Sound continues to add to this digital collection. First-time visitors will want to click on the "About the Collection" to learn a bit more about the Festival's history and how to best use the online collection. Next up is the "Collection Highlights", where visitors can view some excellent clips from such masters as Thelonious Monk, Bobby McFerrin, Charles Mingus, and Dianne Reeves. Scholars of the genre will want to use the search feature to look for more details on the over 9,000 performances contained within the archive. Additionally, visitors can create their own user account to bookmark performances of note and save them for future reference.

294

Anonymous Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) has attracted major attention to charge toll from motorists without the need for them to stop at toll plazas. For ETC to perform its operations, it requires the identification information of the transponder attached to the windscreen. This convenience of a faster trip is at the cost of the loss of personal autonomy and privacy. This

Muhammad Usman Iqbal; Samsung Lim

2007-01-01

295

The Mosque Project: Collective Drawings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching the author's fifth-graders about Islam through art was a challenge. Remembering a colleague's "Collective Architecture" project, he reworked the concept using mosque architecture as the basis for a new project. The goal was to introduce Islam and its basic tenets using the visual arts, with the hope of enhancing cultural tolerance and…

Erwin, Douglas B.

2013-01-01

296

The power of collective ambition.  

PubMed

In the past few years, some companies have not just weathered the economic storm: They've emerged stronger than ever. How did such players as Four Seasons, Sephora, and Standard Chartered Bank defy conventional logic? Instead of pursuing a single ambition, such as profits, employees defined a collective ambition. As a result, those organizations deepened their engagement with employees and other stakeholders and became sustainably profitable. Purpose, a company's reason for existence, is the central element of collective ambition. The other elements--vision, targets and milestones, strategic and operational priorities, brand promise, core values, and leader behaviors--must be aligned to serve the company's purpose. Articulating the elements of collective ambition can give everyone in the organization a better sense of the company's purpose and how they can contribute to it. Purpose does not have to be about saving the world; providing excellent entertainment or banking services is just as meaningful a purpose as improving health care in emerging economies--as long as it is an authentic representation of why the company exists. To shape and then achieve a collective ambition, companies must strengthen their organizational glue (the collaborative engagement that creates a unified culture) and grease (the disciplined execution that enterprisewide change initiatives require). PMID:22250354

Ready, Douglas A; Truelove, Emily

2011-12-01

297

Indigenous Empowerment through Collective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an indigenous community that lives in the periphery of Taiwan. The Dao on Orchid Island have had to face serious abuse of their human rights in terms of ecological exploitation and environmental injustice. The article highlights the empowerment of the indigenous group through collective

Enn, Rosa

2012-01-01

298

1997 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the statistics on tax collections by the 50 state governments. The largest source of revenue for the state governments is the sales tax, which accounts for one-third of total tax revenue. The statistics may be downloaded as a text or Excel file.

1997-01-01

299

Collective Labor Supply with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We extend the collective model of household behavior to allow for the existence of public consumption. We show how this model allows the analysis of welfare consequences of policies aimed at changing the distribution of power within the household. Our setting provides a conceptual framework for addressing issues linked to the "targeting" of…

Blundell, Richard; Chiappori, Pierre-Andre; Meghir, Costas

2005-01-01

300

Raqs Media Collective Flash Force  

E-print Network

of light and divorcing these from the potent explosions that initially produced them. It is a historyRaqs Media Collective Flash Force: A Visual History of Might, Right and Light Perhaps the greatest for making facts visible. The history of the flash belongs to the century-long quest of finding pure sources

Canales, Jimena

301

Data Collection Answers - SEER Registrars  

Cancer.gov

SEER is an authoritative source of information on cancer incidence and survival in the United States. SEER currently collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival data from population-based cancer registries covering approximately 28 percent of the U.S. population.

302

Radioactive Decay: Audio Data Collection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many phenomena generate interesting audible time series. This data can be collected and processed using audio software. The free software package "Audacity" is used to demonstrate the process by recording, processing, and extracting click times from an inexpensive radiation detector. The high quality of the data is demonstrated with a simple…

Struthers, Allan

2009-01-01

303

Collected Wisdom: American Indian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews and classroom observation, this book presents the "collected wisdom" of 60 teachers of American Indian students in all parts of the United States, as well as teachers of indigenous students in Australia and Costa Rica. Chapter 1, "Introduction: The Teacher as Learner" presents the authors' backgrounds, the study's emerging…

Cleary, Linda Miller; Peacock, Thomas D.

304

Sharing Strategies for Counting Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 8-minute video Laretha Todd's third grade students develop efficient strategies for counting collections of objects. They group objects, skip count, and then record their results. The resource includes a transcript of the lesson (doc) and reflection questions for teacher discussion.

2012-01-01

305

Distance Education: Collected ERIC Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 219 ERIC "ED" (non-journal) abstracts was compiled through systematic, free-text computer searches of "all related" ERIC documents, which were conducted for the preparation of a 1983 research report entitled "Serving Learners at a Distance." The ERIC identifiers "distance education" (now a descriptor) and "distance teaching"…

Feasley, Charles E., Comp.

306

The Multiage Classroom: A Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the recent call for holistic models of schooling dictates a thorough investigation of more natural groupings of students, this collection of articles reviews available literature on multiage, nongraded, continuous progress classrooms. Divided into six sections, the chapters explore the overriding concerns and the pros and cons of such…

Fogarty, Robin, Ed.

307

COLLECTION OF UNDISTURBED SURFACE SEDIMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Resource Council identified the need for a capability to collect undisturbed surface sediments. Surface sediments are an important source for most exposure of fish to polychlorinated biphenyls via direct uptake from water in contact with sediments. An innovative sedi...

308

Business Sustainability and Collective Intelligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze to which point collective intelligence (CI) concepts and ideas, as applied to organizations, can contribute to enlarge the conceptual basis for business sustainability (BS). Design/methodology/approach: The paper is written from an engineer-minded, systemic and cybernetic perspective. It begins by…

Garrido, Paulo

2009-01-01

309

Princeton University Library Digital Collections: Lorenzo Homar Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in San Juan, Lorenzo Homar is arguably Puerto Rico's greatest graphic artist. He passed away in 2004, and his career included his work with the Puerto Rican Arts Center (which he helped found), the House of Cartier, and a broad range of posters and drawings. This excellent digital collection from the Princeton University Library includes many of these works, including a sketchbook from his days in the U.S. Army, a host of caricatures, and over 90 posters.

310

Mapping collective emotions to make sense of collective behavior.  

PubMed

While Bentley et al.'s model is very appealing, in this commentary we argue that researchers interested in big data and collective behavior, including the way humans make decisions, must account for the emotional factor. We investigate how daily choice of activities is influenced by emotions. Results indicate that mood significantly predicts people's decisions about what to do next, stressing the importance of emotional state on decision-making. PMID:24572244

Taquet, Maxime; Quoidbach, Jordi; de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Desseilles, Martin

2014-02-01

311

Page 1 of 10 IU Paleontology Collections  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 10 IU Paleontology Collections Indiana University Paleontology Collection Policy Paleontology Collection Policy 25 January 2012 Page 2 of 10 Preamble The IU Paleontology Collection Specimens acquired for the IU Paleontology Collection (hereafter referred to as the Repository) should

Polly, David

312

West Virginia Historical Photographs Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like many states, West Virginia has embarked on an ambitious project to digitize a wide range of photographs for use by the general public, historians, and those just curious about the state's history. Created by staff members at the West Virginia University Library system, this online collection brings together 20,000 photographs. The search engine for the site is easy enough to use, but the site might have benefited from a number of subject guides or thematic collections for more casual users. Overall, the site is a real find, as users will enjoy looking through construction photographs of the Personal Rapid Transit system on the campus of West Virginia University, demonstration farm projects in Hancock County, and African American miners at work.

313

Collective learning in route navigation.  

PubMed

In a recent paper,(1) we examined how experience of repeatedly flying with a specific partner influences pigeons' subsequent navigational decision-making in larger flocks. We found that pairs develop into a "behavioral unit" through their shared experience of joint flights, acquiring a single idiosyncratic route during training, and then forming spatially distinct subgroups when flying with other pairs. Further, differences between the route preferences of different pairs appear to be reconciled through the same mechanisms as those that apply to individuals. Here we examine in more detail the development of route preferences in pairs, as an example of "collective learning." We find that pairs acquire routes more quickly, but with less precision, than individuals. We use these results to hypothesize on the advantages and limitations of solving problems collectively. PMID:24505504

Flack, Andrea; Biro, Dora

2013-11-01

314

Lafayette College Archives Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Keeping track of the history of a college campus can be a challenge, and the good folks at the Lafayette College Libraries have done a fine job of that via this photograph collection. In 2006, the Special Collections & College Archives division began digitizing some of their holdings with support from the Pennsylvania Historic and Museum Commission. The site brings together images of faculty, social dances, AIDS Memorial Quilts made on campus, ROTC images, campus buildings, and their fabled "All College Day" celebration. The photographs date back to 1858, and visitors with a keen interest in the physical planning and layout of the campus will find a host of images that tell this story of institutional transformation.

315

Belgian-American Research Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin System has created this digital collection of resources documenting Belgian settlers in Northeastern Wisconsin. Most of the original materials were gathered in the 1970s by the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay during a project "to record the undocumented historical, social, and cultural legacy of this unique ethnic group." At the search page, the collection is divided into three main areas: Architecture Survey, over 400 pictures of buildings; Oral History Recordings, approximately 50 interviews recorded between 1975 and 1976; and Immigration Histories, 3 book length documents of 100 - 200 pages, each viewable on the Web in an e-book format that allows text searching and leafing through images of the original pages. Keyword searches can also be performed across across all the materials.

316

Whittington Collection of Asian Ceramics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1987, Floyd and Carol Whittington donated over 200 pieces of Asian ceramics to Western Washington University. Their collection represents a wide range of styles and ceramic traditions from China, Thailand, Korea, and Vietnam. The Western Washington University Libraries Special Collections group digitized images of these items, and curious visitors can find them here. Visitors can search the items by geographic category or a descriptive term, such as stoneware or porcelain. Also, visitors are encouraged to browse through items by looking at thumbnail images. Those visiting the site for the first time should definitely look at the Bencharong footed dish from Thailand and the wonderful Chinese plate with grooved cavetto. The site is a ceramicist's holiday, and others with an interest in this art form will enjoy it as well.

317

Cornell University Political Americana Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Teddy Roosevelt to "We Like Ike," the Cornell University Political Americana Collection offers up a cornucopia of presidential promotional and commemorative items dating from 1789 to 1980. All told, there are approximately 5,500 items here, including cartoons, prints, posters, lapel buttons, and leaflets. The majority of this prodigious collection was donated to Cornell by the private collector Susan H. Douglas between 1957 and 1961. Visitors can use the Categories listing to look around via over 150 sections, including Mourning; Monroe, James; and New York. The When category breaks items into presidential election years and it's a great way to get a sense of the changing political fortunes and key issues surrounding each four year contest. Finally, visitors can zoom in and out on each object and also use a variety of embedded tools to look at the rich details of each item.

2010-01-01

318

Birmingham Public Library Cartography Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Birmingham Public Library has a marvelous trove of maps in their collection and this site is the perfect place to explore almost 1,000 cartographic gems. As might be expected, the maps housed here depict various sections of Alabama, along with maps and atlases from Europe, Africa, and other regions of the world. First-time visitors might start by giving close attention to the Persia sive Shahistan map, which depicts the Middle East as it was in 1740. Visitors can scan around the maps by title, subject, type or date. It's remarkable to see how the field of cartography has progressed just by looking over these maps by date. This collection is a great way to explore the world and perhaps will inspire a new passion.

319

G. William Skinner Map Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor G. William Skinner of the University of Washington was a major theorist of family systems and of spatial social science. Professor Skinner's maps are products of his "lifelong interest in the spatial distribution of social variables." His maps document subjects such as agrarian China, 19th century France, and Japan. Some of the variables he was most interested in included agricultural wages, fertility rates, and the sex ratio in various regions. This remarkable digital collection from the University of Washington Libraries brings together all 1200 maps from the Skinner Collection. Visitors can browse the maps by country and region, subject, or theme. The site also includes several documents by Professor Skinner on his work dealing with hierarchical regional space and a complete list of all the publications related to this work.

320

Cincinnati Art Museum: The Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cincinnati Art Museum has a long and storied history, and their collection includes works by a variety of artistic masters, old and new. This website provides interested parties with access to items from their permanent collection, courtesy of a grant from the Harold C. Schott Foundation and the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The works here are organized into ten different themes, including "Photographs," "Art of Africa," and "American Decorative Arts." The "American Decorative Arts" is worth a look, and it contains items from the Rockwood Pottery Company, which was established in Cincinnati in 1880, and is still in business. In the "European Painting & Sculpture" visitors shouldn't miss works like the portrait of Philip II by Titian. Visitors will also appreciate the easy to use search engine and the accession and provenance details which are provided for each item.

321

The Americana Sheet Music Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Mills Music Library at the University of Wisconsin, the American Sheet Music Collection contains thousands of pieces of sheet music published in the United States before 1900. Many of these items came to the library as gifts, including a significant group of publications that once belonged to composer/publisher Joseph P. Webster. The musical genres included here are impressive, and include airs, folk songs, gallops, hymns, marches, and nocturnes. Visitors can perform a guided search across all of the items, or just search for specific items of note. It's quite interesting to type city names into the search engine as the results may indicate where songs, both well-known and unknown, were published originally. This is an impressive collection and musicologists and others will find much to enjoy here.

322

Liturgy and Life Artifacts Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The talented staff members at the Boston College University Libraries have created a veritable bevy of wonderful digital collections. They cover topics like the urban infrastructure of Boston to this one on the vast brocade of liturgical objects. Here visitors can make their way through over 1,100 images related to the Catholic faith, including decorative pins, robes, candlesticks, and other items. Items in the collection can be viewed via the Digitool Viewer (which is automatically embedded), and users can zoom in and out to get a closer look at each item. New users shouldn't miss the "Apparition at Knock" pin or the decorative "Angel holy water fonts." Some of the more curious items here include automobile crucifixes. [KMG

323

Reciprocal Net: Common Molecules Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the Common Molecules Collection, this set of 3D biochemical molecule images is an educational feature from Reciprocal Net, a Web portal for crystallography research funded by the National Science Foundation and part of NSDL. The Common Molecules Collection currently offers a number of image galleries, but only a couple -- including the biochemical molecules set -- with direct life sciences application. Users can view and rotate a 3D image for each molecule provided (organized by amino acids, hormones, and nucleosides), accompanied by a brief explanation and other particulars such as chemical formula. It's a great tool for visual learners and a fun Web site to visit just for the 3D effects.

1995-01-01

324

The Harrison Sayre Circus Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Circus lore and culture is fascinating. The Harrison Sayre Circus Collection is made up of a vibrant mix of posters and photos documenting the dynamic nature of this blend of showmanship, animal acumen, and acrobatics. These materials were donated to the State University Libraries of Florida by Harrison Sayre, a circus enthusiast. All told, there are over 210 items here culled from Sayre's personal collection. The posters are vibrant and dramatic, and visitors shouldn't miss those for the Big Apple Circus's appearances at Lincoln Center or the rare Polish circus poster by artist Waldemar Swierzy. The photos section contains images of everything from Allen Gold, celebrated lion tamer, to a rather adorable photo of baby elephants lined up before a performance.

325

Collective credit allocation in science  

E-print Network

Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, since the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors' contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability...

Shen, Hua-Wei

2014-01-01

326

Charge collection and SEU mechanisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the interaction of cosmic ions with microelectronic devices a dense electron-hole plasma is created along the ion track. Carriers are separated and transported by the electric field and under the action of the concentration gradient. The subsequent collection of these carriers induces a transient current at some electrical node of the device. This "ionocurrent" (single ion induced current) acts as any electrical perturbation in the device, propagating in the circuit and inducing failures. In bistable systems (registers, memories) the stored data can be upset. In clocked devices (microprocessors) the parasitic perturbation may propagate through the device to the outputs. This type of failure only effects the information, and do not degrade the functionally of the device. The purpose of this paper is to review the mechanisms of single event upset in microelectronic devices. Experimental and theoretical results are presented, and actual questions and problems are discussed. A brief introduction recalls the creation of the dense plasma of electron-hole pairs. The basic processes for charge collection in a simple np junction (drift and diffusion) are presented. The funneling-field effect is discussed and experimental results are compared to numerical simulations and semi-empirical models. Charge collection in actual microelectronic structures is then presented. Due to the parasitic elements, coupling effects are observed. Geometrical effects, in densely packed structures, results in multiple errors. Electronic couplings are due to the carriers in excess, acting as minority carriers, that trigger parasitic bipolar transistors. Single event upset of memory cells is discussed, based on numerical and experimental data. The main parameters for device characterization are presented. From the physical interpretation of charge collection mechanisms, the intrinsic sensitivity of various microelectronic technologies is determined and compared to experimental data. Scaling laws and future trends are finally discussed.

Musseau, O.

1994-01-01

327

Youth Collectivities and Adolescent Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Several problems confront anyone who has the audacity to tackle the topic of this chapter. The most daunting of these is the\\u000a lack of a theoretically viable typology that situates gangs, or types of gangs, in a larger set of youth collectivities. If\\u000a the variety of terms used by police to describe “gang groups and members” is “bewildering” and “dismaying”

328

Current collection in a magnetoplasma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The authors present a survey of a very incomplete subject, current collection in a magnetoplasma. The best-developed and simplest theories for current collection are steady-state collisionless theories, and these must be understood before departures from them can be analyzed usefully. Thus, the authors begin with a review of them. The authors include some recent numerical results which indicate that steady-state collisionless Laplace-limit currents remain substantially below the Parker-Murphy (1967) canonical upper bound out to very large electrode potentials, and approach it as a limit only very slowly if at all. Attempts to correct this theory for space-charge effects lead to potential disturbances which extend to infinite distance along the electrode's magnetic shadow, unless collisional effects are also taken into account. However, even a small amount of relative plasma drift motion, such as that involved in a typical rocket experiment, can change this conclusion fundamentally. It is widely believed that time-averaged current collection may be increased by effects of plasma turbulence, and the authors review the available evidence for and against this contention. Steady-state collisionless particle dynamics predicts the existence of a toroidal region of trapped orbits which surrounds the electrode. Light emissions from this region have been photographed, indicating that collisional ionization may also occur there, and this, and/or scattering by collisions or possibly turbulent fluctuations in this region, may also increase current collection by the electrode. The authors also discuss effects on particle motions near the electrode, associated with breakdown of magnetic insulation in the region of large electric fields near it.

Laframboise, Jim G.; Sonmor, L. J.

1990-01-01

329

IPL General Reference Collection: Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Though the Internet Public Library's Education meta-page is not as comprehensive in any of its categories as more specialized meta-pages, it covers all grade level education resources, including adult, alternative, K-12, higher ed., and vocational. The home page contains a brief list of major education information and meta-sites. Resources listed have been annotated and the entire IPL Ready Reference Collection is searchable.

330

San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the 1936 film, "San Francisco" Jeannette MacDonald sings the film's title song, which of course includes the Gus Kahn-penned lyric "San Francisco, welcome me home again/I'm not at home to go roaming no more." For those who might be pining for Baghdad by the Bay (or for images from the infamous earthquake in 1906), this online collection from the San Francisco Public Library will be most welcome. All told, the San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection contains more than 250,000 photographs of San Francisco and California, although not all of these photographs are available online here. Visitors should begin their voyage through these images by using their search engine, which allows them to search by photographer, subject index, or by date. Perhaps the most novel way to search the images is to look through the photos by using an interactive map of the entire city. Here visitors can find photographs of the historic Moulin Rouge nightclub in the historic Barbary Coast area, or move on over to Sutro Heights over on the Pacific Ocean. For those who might be feeling a bit less adventurous, there are a number of thematic collections, including "Picture This: Family Photographs of Everyday San Francisco".

331

Walter Gordon Collection of Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the first half of the 20th century, the well-known African American attorney Walter L. Gordon had his office next to the African American newspaper, the California Eagle. The photographers for the paper often shot pictures of Black social life in Los Angeles, and once printed these photos were often discarded. Gordon saved many of these photos and began collecting the images, which often depicted leading members of the Black community in Los Angeles. His collection made its way to UCLA, and their digital collections group digitized over 800 of his photographs. Here visitors will find images of black resorts such as Val Verde, local political figures, and a range of jazz legends, such as Count Basie and Billie Holliday. Currently, visitors can view almost 300 of these items, and they can browse the photos by language, name, subject, or type. There are some real gems in here, including a great photo of Lionel Hampton on the stage and a cast photo of the members of "Carmen Jones" at an informal gathering. The image viewer here is quite impressive, as visitors can add a grid of select photos for comparative viewing and also manipulate each image as they see fit.

332

Electrospray Collection of Lunar Dust  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A report describes ElectroSpray Ionization based Electrostatic Precipitation (ESIEP) for collecting lunar dust particles. While some HEPA filtration processes may remove a higher fraction (>99.9 percent) of the particles, the high efficiency may not be appropriate from an overall system standpoint, especially in light of the relatively large power requirement that such systems demand. The new electrospray particle capture technology is described as a variant of electrostatic precipitation that eliminates the current drawbacks of electrostatic precipitation. The new approach replaces corona prone field with a mist of highly charged micro-droplets generated by electrospray ionization (ESI) as the mechanism by which incoming particles are attracted and captured. In electrospray, a miniscule flow rate (microliters/minute) of liquid (typically water and a small amount of salt to enhance conductivity) is fed from the tip of a needle held at a high voltage potential relative to an opposite counter electrode. At sufficient field strength, a sharp liquid meniscus forms , which emits a jet of highly charged droplets that drift through the surrounding gas and are collected on the walls of a conductive tube. Particles in the gas have a high probability of contact with the droplets either by adhering to the droplets or otherwise acquiring a high level of charge, causing them to be captured on the collecting electrode as well. The spray acts as a filtration material that is continuously introduced and removed from the gas flow, and thus can never become clogged.

Dziekan, Michael

2012-01-01

333

28 CFR 812.4 - Collection procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Collection procedures. (a) DNA samples will be collected, handled, preserved, and submitted to the FBI in accordance with FBI guidelines. (b) CSOSA has the authority to use such means as are reasonably necessary to collect a...

2011-07-01

334

28 CFR 812.4 - Collection procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Collection procedures. (a) DNA samples will be collected, handled, preserved, and submitted to the FBI in accordance with FBI guidelines. (b) CSOSA has the authority to use such means as are reasonably necessary to collect a...

2012-07-01

335

28 CFR 812.4 - Collection procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Collection procedures. (a) DNA samples will be collected, handled, preserved, and submitted to the FBI in accordance with FBI guidelines. (b) CSOSA has the authority to use such means as are reasonably necessary to collect a...

2010-07-01

336

28 CFR 812.4 - Collection procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Collection procedures. (a) DNA samples will be collected, handled, preserved, and submitted to the FBI in accordance with FBI guidelines. (b) CSOSA has the authority to use such means as are reasonably necessary to collect a...

2013-07-01

337

75 FR 39008 - Proposed Agency Information Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the use of automated collection techniques or other...proposed information collection must be received on...sent to Jeffery Dowd, Solar Decathlon Evaluation...S. Department of Energy; 1000 Independence...copies of the information collection instrument and...

2010-07-07

338

28 CFR 115.87 - Data collection.  

...Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Data Collection and Review § 115.87 Data collection. (a) The agency shall collect accurate, uniform data...

2014-07-01

339

78 FR 38305 - Agency Information Collection Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Annual Motor Vehicle Fleet Report, OMB Control Number 1910-1000. This information collection request covers information necessary...information collection request contains: (1) OMB No. 1910-1000. (2) Information Collection Request Title:...

2013-06-26

340

75 FR 9403 - Agency Information Collection Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Annual Motor Vehicle Fleet Report, OMB Control Number 1910-1000. This information collection request covers information necessary...information collection request contains: (1) OMB No. 1910-1000; (2) Information Collection Request Title:...

2010-03-02

341

45 CFR 1177.10 - Collection services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION...Collection services. (a) The Endowment may contract for collection services to recover outstanding debts. The Endowment may refer delinquent debts...

2010-10-01

342

45 CFR 1177.10 - Collection services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION...Collection services. (a) The Endowment may contract for collection services to recover outstanding debts. The Endowment may refer delinquent debts...

2013-10-01

343

45 CFR 1177.10 - Collection services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES CLAIMS COLLECTION...Collection services. (a) The Endowment may contract for collection services to recover outstanding debts. The Endowment may refer delinquent debts...

2012-10-01

344

43 CFR 29.14 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...collection. 29.14 Section 29.14 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior TRANS-ALASKA PIPELINE LIABILITY FUND § 29.14 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2010-10-01

345

25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... § 175.6 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2010-04-01

346

7 CFR 633.14 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Debt collection. 633.14 Section 633... LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.14 Debt collection. Any debts arising under...governed with respect to their collection by the Federal Claims...

2010-01-01

347

25 CFR 171.140 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Information collection. 171.140 Section 171...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND... § 171.140 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2013-04-01

348

78 FR 18675 - Information Collection Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...comments on the following information collections: Collection Number 1 Title: Recordations (Rail and Water Carrier Liens). OMB Control Number...60 years after the last filing. Collection Number 2 Title: Water Carrier Tariffs OMB Control...

2013-03-27

349

7 CFR 633.14 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Debt collection. 633.14 Section 633... LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.14 Debt collection. Any debts arising under...governed with respect to their collection by the Federal Claims...

2012-01-01

350

7 CFR 633.14 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Debt collection. 633.14 Section 633... LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.14 Debt collection. Any debts arising under...governed with respect to their collection by the Federal Claims...

2013-01-01

351

25 CFR 168.19 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Information collection. 168.19 Section 168...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR... § 168.19 Information collection. The information collection requirement(s)...

2013-04-01

352

25 CFR 151.15 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Information collection. 151.15 Section 151...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LAND ACQUISITIONS § 151.15 Information collection. (a) The information collection requirements contained...

2010-04-01

353

25 CFR 168.19 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Information collection. 168.19 Section 168...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR... § 168.19 Information collection. The information collection requirement(s)...

2011-04-01

354

25 CFR 171.140 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Information collection. 171.140 Section 171...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND... § 171.140 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2012-04-01

355

25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... § 175.6 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2011-04-01

356

25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.  

...2014-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... § 175.6 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2014-04-01

357

25 CFR 163.2 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Information collection. 163.2 Section 163...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS... § 163.2 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2010-04-01

358

25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Information collection. 175.6 Section 175...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... § 175.6 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2013-04-01

359

25 CFR 171.140 - Information collection.  

...2014-04-01 false Information collection. 171.140 Section 171...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND... § 171.140 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2014-04-01

360

25 CFR 168.19 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Information collection. 168.19 Section 168...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR... § 168.19 Information collection. The information collection requirement(s)...

2010-04-01

361

25 CFR 175.6 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Information collection. 175.6 Section 175...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES... § 175.6 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2012-04-01

362

25 CFR 163.2 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Information collection. 163.2 Section 163...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS... § 163.2 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2012-04-01

363

25 CFR 163.2 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Information collection. 163.2 Section 163...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS... § 163.2 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2013-04-01

364

25 CFR 171.140 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Information collection. 171.140 Section 171...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND... § 171.140 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2010-04-01

365

25 CFR 151.15 - Information collection.  

...2014-04-01 false Information collection. 151.15 Section 151...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LAND ACQUISITIONS § 151.15 Information collection. (a) The information collection requirements contained...

2014-04-01

366

25 CFR 151.15 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Information collection. 151.15 Section 151...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LAND ACQUISITIONS § 151.15 Information collection. (a) The information collection requirements contained...

2011-04-01

367

25 CFR 151.15 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Information collection. 151.15 Section 151...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LAND ACQUISITIONS § 151.15 Information collection. (a) The information collection requirements contained...

2012-04-01

368

25 CFR 171.140 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Information collection. 171.140 Section 171...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER IRRIGATION OPERATION AND... § 171.140 Information collection. The information collection requirements...

2011-04-01

369

7 CFR 633.14 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Debt collection. 633.14 Section 633... LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.14 Debt collection. Any debts arising under...governed with respect to their collection by the Federal Claims...

2011-01-01

370

25 CFR 168.19 - Information collection.  

...2014-04-01 false Information collection. 168.19 Section 168...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR... § 168.19 Information collection. The information collection requirement(s)...

2014-04-01

371

25 CFR 163.2 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Information collection. 163.2 Section 163...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS... § 163.2 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2011-04-01

372

7 CFR 633.14 - Debt collection.  

...2014-01-01 false Debt collection. 633.14 Section 633... LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.14 Debt collection. Any debts arising under...governed with respect to their collection by the Federal Claims...

2014-01-01

373

25 CFR 163.2 - Information collection.  

...2014-04-01 false Information collection. 163.2 Section 163...OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS... § 163.2 Information collection. The information collection requirements contained in...

2014-04-01

374

25 CFR 151.15 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Information collection. 151.15 Section 151...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LAND ACQUISITIONS § 151.15 Information collection. (a) The information collection requirements contained...

2013-04-01

375

20 CFR 653.109 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and monitoring activities, as directed by ETA. These data shall be collected in accordance with applicable ETA Reports and Guidance Letters. (b) Collect...reporting of data; (d) Collect and submit to ETA as directed by ETA, data on MSFWs...

2011-04-01

376

30 CFR 218.10 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT COLLECTION OF MONIES AND PROVISION FOR GEOTHERMAL CREDITS AND INCENTIVES General Provisions § 218.10 Information collection. The information collection...

2010-07-01

377

28 CFR 812.4 - Collection procedures.  

...DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COLLECTION AND USE OF DNA INFORMATION § 812.4 Collection procedures. (a) DNA samples will be collected, handled, preserved...misdemeanor pursuant to section 4(a)(5) of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of...

2014-07-01

378

77 FR 47119 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Collective...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request; Collective Investment Funds Conversion Transactions Prohibited Transaction...titled, ``Collective Investment Funds Conversion Transactions Prohibited Transaction...INFORMATION: The Collective Investment Funds Conversion Transactions Prohibited...

2012-08-07

379

78 FR 69935 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Information Collection Renewal; Submission for OMB...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...renewal of an information collection...Affiliate Marketing.'' The...renewal of its information collection...Affiliate Marketing'' to OMB...following information collection...Affiliate Marketing. OMB...

2013-11-21

380

78 FR 56771 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Information Collection Renewal; Comment Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities: Information Collection...Affiliate Marketing AGENCIES...renewal of an information collection...Affiliate Marketing.'' DATES...following information collection...Affiliate Marketing. OMB...

2013-09-13

381

75 FR 55359 - Notice of Information Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Notice of Information Collection AGENCY: National Science Foundation (NSF). ACTION: Notice of information collection...SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) is...

2010-09-10

382

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2013-01-01

383

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2010-01-01

384

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2014-01-01

385

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2012-01-01

386

Evaluating Sampling Methods for Uncooperative Collections  

E-print Network

Evaluating Sampling Methods for Uncooperative Collections Paul Thomas Department of Computer of unbiased samples of documents from the constituent collections. We describe a number of sampling methods

Hawking, David

387

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION  

E-print Network

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION March 4, 2014 Agaricus abruptibulbus/11/87 #12;The Pennsylvania State University Mushroom Culture Collection -- Page 2 Agaricus subfloccosus 781

Guiltinan, Mark

388

Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary

1999-01-01

389

Invariants of collective neutrino oscillations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the flavor evolution of a dense neutrino gas by taking into account both vacuum oscillations and self-interactions of neutrinos. We examine the system from a many-body perspective as well as from the point of view of an effective one-body description formulated in terms of the neutrino polarization vectors. We show that, in the single angle approximation, both the many-body picture and the effective one-particle picture possess several constants of motion. We write down these constants of motion explicitly in terms of the neutrino isospin operators for the many-body case and in terms of the polarization vectors for the effective one-body case. The existence of these constants of motion is a direct consequence of the fact that the collective neutrino oscillation Hamiltonian belongs to the class of Gaudin Hamiltonians. This class of Hamiltonians also includes the (reduced) BCS pairing Hamiltonian describing superconductivity. We point out the similarity between the collective neutrino oscillation Hamiltonian and the BCS pairing Hamiltonian. The constants of motion manifest the exact solvability of the system. Borrowing the well established techniques of calculating the exact BCS spectrum, we present exact eigenstates and eigenvalues of both the many-body and the effective one-particle Hamiltonians describing the collective neutrino oscillations. For the effective one-body case, we show that spectral splits of neutrinos can be understood in terms of the adiabatic evolution of some quasiparticle degrees of freedom from a high-density region where they coincide with flavor eigenstates to the vacuum where they coincide with mass eigenstates. We write down the most general consistency equations which should be satisfied by the effective one-body eigenstates and show that they reduce to the spectral split consistency equations for the appropriate initial conditions.

Pehlivan, Y.; Balantekin, A. B.; Kajino, Toshitaka; Yoshida, Takashi

2011-09-01

390

Lawrence University: Images & Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Appleton, WisconsinâÂÂs, Lawrence University continues to work diligently to digitize its library holdings that might be of interest to the general public. These collections include items from the department of theatre arts, along with items from Lux, the online home for the universityâÂÂs scholarly and creative works. It's a great way to learn about some of its most compelling projects, including wonderful honor projects, such as "Learning from Experience: A Philosophical Perspective." Moving on, the theatre arts area contains images, programs and other bits of ephemera from shows like Cabaret, Cinderella, and much more.

391

Collective excitations in S33  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spin states of S33 populated through 27Al(12C,?pn)S33 reaction at E(C12)=40 MeV have been studied using the Indian National Gamma Array (INGA) facility. The level scheme was extended and modified utilizing data from the ? -? coincidence, directional correlation, and linear polarization measurements. Three levels of the negative parity yrast sequence were found to be connected by strong E2 transitions. The lifetimes of these states determined by the Doppler shift attenuation method have been utilized to study the evolution of collectivity with spin. Large basis shell model calculations have been performed to understand the microscopic origin of these levels.

Bisoi, Abhijit; Sarkar, M. Saha; Sarkar, S.; Ray, S.; Pramanik, D.; Kshetri, R.; Nag, Somnath; Selvakumar, K.; Singh, P.; Goswami, A.; Saha, S.; Sethi, J.; Trivedi, T.; Naidu, B. S.; Donthi, R.; Nanal, V.; Palit, R.

2014-08-01

392

75 FR 26283 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: IMLS Digital Collections and Content: Opening History...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: IMLS Digital Collections and Content: Opening History of Evaluation AGENCY...libraries of the IMLS Digital Collections and Content project's Opening History resource...Library Services' Digital Collections and Content (DCC) project, which has created...

2010-05-11

393

76 FR 31368 - Submission for OMB Review, Comment Request, Proposed Collection: IMLS Digital Collections and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: IMLS Digital Collections and Content: An Assessment of Opening History AGENCY...help the IMLS Digital Collections and Content (DCC) project evaluate the Opening...clearance of the IMLS Digital Collections and Content: An Assessment of Opening History....

2011-05-31

394

76 FR 7870 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for Review; Information Collection Request...Security (DHS), Science and Technology... Mail: Science and Technology...ATTN: Chief Information Office--Michael...Collection: New Information Collection...Collection: Science and...

2011-02-11

395

75 FR 35021 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Information Collection Request for Cooling Water Intake Structure Phase II Existing...125.91. Title: Information Collection Request for Cooling Water Intake Structure Phase II...

2010-06-21

396

University of Washington Digital Collections: Panorama Photographs Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Washington is a state chock-full of fine vistas and panoramic views, so it stands to reason that they would have some great panoramic photographs. The University of Washington Libraries has created this collection to pay tribute to such items, and they have included sweeping city views of Seattle, University of Washington campus scenes, and Japanese American organizations. First-time visitors should read the highly informative essay, "History of Panoramic Photography" to become familiar with the nuances of this artistic and documentary tradition. After this, they can look at over 100 panoramic photographs that include a dramatic shot of battleships docked at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in 1910 and an early image of the town of Kent, Washington. The site is rounded out by links to two additional essays from the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Divisions.

397

University of Mississippi Visual Collections: John Elon Phay Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1953 the Mississippi State Legislature called an extraordinary session in order to rewrite the laws governing the public school systems throughout the state. As a result of this session, the legislature created the State Educational Finance Commission. One of their mandates was to make sure that each county submitted a plan for the reorganization of its school system. Part of the documentation created as part of this process included photographs of every school across the state. This digital collection offers selected Kodachrome images taken during the mid-1950s in Benton, Clay, Grenada, and Jones Counties. Interested parties can view the slides via the "School Index" or the "Slide Index" area. The images feature students at play, in science labs, home economics classes, and other settings. Overall, it's a fascinating and troubling document that looks at the phenomenon of segregated educational facilities during this historical period.

398

Birmingham Conservatoire Historical Instrument Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you have ever had a penchant to check out an ancient flageolet or a historic bass horn, this delightful online collection from the Birmingham Conservatoire Historical Instrument Collection is just the ticket. The project was developed by Professor George Caird and his colleagues at Birmingham City University, and funding for the project was provided by Arts & Humanities Research Council. From the homepage, visitors can browse the catalog of instruments by name or by maker, look over a host of images, and listen to some excellent audio samples of the instruments. The instruments are divided into categories that include "Trombones", "Plucked Strings", "Keyboards", and "Serpents, Ophicleides and Bass Horns". Each instrument is accompanied by information about its place of origin, its maker, its overall size, and numerous photographs. Moving on, the "Audio Resources" area is quite a pip, and visitors can listen to expert musicians playing everything from an 1836 piccolo to a folded coach horn making its way through Mozart's Post Horn Serenade.

399

Vietnam War Era Ephemera Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The traumatic and unsettled backdrop of social and cultural change throughout the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s will not soon be forgotten by any of those persons who lived through that period. Some groups of people came together under the banner of the women's liberation movement, and still others surrounded themselves in the unifying guise of ethnic solidarity and pride, such as those who participated in the American Indian Movement. No one ongoing event garnered as much attention, however, as the Vietnam War did. That particular event inspired a host of posters, handouts, and other printed ephemera that may have quickly disappeared, as do many pieces of material culture often do. Fortunately, the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections division has created this online archive which brings many of these documents together in one place. The documents are divided into thematic categories, such as racism, socialism, farm workers, gay rights, and religion. There are some real compelling documents on the site, and those with a penchant for social and cultural history will enjoy this fine collection.

400

Class collection PMB113 California mushrooms F2007 date of collection  

E-print Network

Class collection PMB113 California mushrooms F2007 Species: date of collection: Location by: Identified by: Class collection PMB113 California mushrooms F2007 Species: date of collection) collected by: Identified by: Class collection PMB113 California mushrooms F2007 Species: date

California at Berkeley, University of

401

Musical fingerprints: collaboration around home media collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

As people collect more and more digital music, photos, and video, the growing scale of the collection challenges how families share and collaborate around home media collections. We studied the intersection between physical and digital media collections. Through 20 two hour, in home interviews, we explored the when, why, and how of the households' organization, access and sharing. Our grounded

Robin Sease; David W. Mcdonald

2009-01-01

402

Collection analysis outcomes in an academic library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The intent of this article is to illustrate outcomes and results of a collection analysis done by a smaller academic library. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The collection was evaluated using an online analysis tool combined with a physical inventory of the collection. Findings – Peer group comparisons revealed some of the problems with this particular collection were also widespread among

Elizabeth Henry; Rachel Longstaff; Doris Van Kampen

2008-01-01

403

Pioneer game in collective actions: Experimental evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collective actions are typical social and economic behavior, in which free riders exist objectively. Successful execution of collective actions is related to pioneer game, the value expectation and the follow-up sequence of followers. Through localized experiments, this paper verifies that: (i) collective actions are realizable, (ii) free riders can be weakened or relieved, and (iii) the realization probability of collective

Yichuan Wang

2011-01-01

404

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

2002-01-01

405

Devices for collecting chemical compounds  

DOEpatents

A device for sampling chemical compounds from fixed surfaces and related methods are disclosed. The device may include a vacuum source, a chamber and a sorbent material. The device may utilize vacuum extraction to volatilize the chemical compounds from a fixed surface so that they may be sorbed by the sorbent material. The sorbent material may then be analyzed using conventional thermal desorption/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TD/GC/MS) instrumentation to determine presence of the chemical compounds. The methods may include detecting release and presence of one or more chemical compounds and determining the efficacy of decontamination. The device may be useful in collection and analysis of a variety of chemical compounds, such as residual chemical warfare agents, chemical attribution signatures and toxic industrial chemicals.

Scott, Jill R; Groenewold, Gary S

2013-12-24

406

Frank M. Hohenberger Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For 47 years, photographer and newspaperman Frank Hohenberger roamed around the highways and byways of Brown County, Indiana recording the life and times of this unique corner of the state. From time to time he also made forays into Kentucky, South Carolina, New England, Canada and Mexico. Once, he offered the memorable observation that "pictures speak the only language all mankind can understand." Visitors to this site created by Indiana University's Digital Library Program can browse the photos by date or by series. The series option is quite nice, as visitors can scan through his numerous trips. The "New England, 1950" series, for instance, features images of old bars, the waterfall at Kent House in Quebec, and hand-painted signs. It's a beautiful collection and one that may inspire photographers and others with an eye for capturing landscapes near and far.

2012-06-22

407

Barnard-Stockbridge Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1964, the University of Idaho Library received a collection of over 200,000 nitrocellulose and glass plate negatives taken by Nellie Stockbridge and one T.N. Barnard. Barnard was the founder of a prominent photo studio in Wallace, Idaho, and he ran the establishment for ten years until 1898, when he sold it to Nellie Stockbridge. Both individuals had a keen interest in the environment around them, and as such, they documented floods, tree lines, fires, and shots of town life. The University of Idaho Library has placed over 700 of these images online here, and visitors can browse around at their leisure, or perform a keyword search across the items. The photos provide an excellent visual record of this late 19th century environment, and also serve as a record of environment degradation and land use patterns.

408

Waterford Area Local History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located west of Racine and southwest of Milwaukee, the town of Waterford, Wisconsin sits along the Fox River. In addition to its scenic location, Waterford also happens to have a vibrant public library that has worked with other local organizations to create this elaborate digital local history archive. Working in partnership with the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections, they have created this digital home for an array of maps, photographs, books, manuscripts, and other printed ephemera. The thematic headings include "community", "maps", and "people and portraits" As the town served as a popular resort for decades, visitors will be delighted to learn that the archive has several dozen photographs of the various leisure pursuits that were popular throughout the town and its outlying areas.

409

Canada Year Book Historical Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning about Canada's past just became a bit easier with the Canada Year Book Historical Collection website. The site provides access to one hundred years worth of the annual "Canada Year Book". These books cover the years 1867 to 1967, and visitors will get the opportunity to learn about social and economic history from across the provinces. Visitors can browse by year or topic, and looking over the topics, which include "Occupations" and Economic Gains" is a good way to start. Additionally, visitors can also browse tables, charts, and maps as they see fit. Educators will want to look through the "Tools and Reference" area, as it contains lesson plans and a set of links to related sites.

410

Subsurface Samples: Collection and Processing  

SciTech Connect

Microbiological data, interpretation, and conclusions from subsurface samples ultimately depend on the quality and representative character of the samples. Subsurface samples for environmental microbiology ideally contain only the microbial community and geochemical properties that are representative of the subsurface environment from which the sample was taken. To that end, sample contamination by exogenous microorganisms or chemical constituents must be eliminated or minimized, and sample analyses need to begin before changes in the microbial community or geochemical characteristics occur. This article presents sampling methods and sample processing techniques for collecting representative samples from a range of subsurface environments. Factors that should be considered when developing a subsurface sampling program are discussed, including potential benefits, costs, and limitations enabling researchers to evaluate the techniques that are presented and match them to their project requirements. Methods and protocols to address coring, sampling, processing and quality assessment issues are presented.

Long, Philip E.; Griffin, W. Timothy; Phelps, Tommy J.

2002-12-01

411

MAD data collection - current trends.  

SciTech Connect

The multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction, or MAD, method of determining protein structure is becoming routine in protein crystallography. An increase in the number of tuneable synchrotrons beamlines coupled with the widespread availability position-sensitive X-ray detectors based on charged-coupled devices and having fast readout raised MAD structure determination to a new and exciting level. Ultra-fast MAD data collection is now possible. Recognition of the value of selenium for phasing protein structures and improvement of methods for incorporating selenium into proteins in the form of selenomethionine have attracted greater interest in the MAD method. Recent developments in crystallographic software are complimenting the above advances, paving the way for rapid protein structure determination. An overview of a typical MAD experiment is described here, with emphasis on the rates and quality of data acquisition now achievable at beamlines developed at third-generation synchrotrons sources.

Dementieva, I.; Evans, G.; Joachimiak, A.; Sanishvili, R.; Walsh, M. A.

1999-09-20

412

Latin American Pamphlet Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the centuries, thousands of pamphlets have been published to serve various purposes. Some have been preserved by individuals and prescient institutions, but countless others have disappeared forever. Harvard University's Widener Library has over 5000 pamphlets from 19th and 20th century Latin America, and until recently, they remained uncataloged and mostly inaccessible. Visitors to this site can browse the collection by title, subject, name, and genre. The materials offered here range from documents on accounting practices to those dealing with yellow fever. Additionally, visitors looking for descriptive documents that describe unexplored territories and the relationship between church and state will not be disappointed. The site also contains a nice help feature and visitors can also email questions to staff members at the library.

413

The Collective Atomic Recoil Laser  

SciTech Connect

An ensemble of periodically ordered atoms coherently scatters the light of an incident laser beam. The scattered and the incident light may interfere and give rise to a light intensity modulation and thus to optical dipole forces which, in turn, emphasize the atomic ordering. This positive feedback is at the origin of the collective atomic recoil laser (CARL). We demonstrate this dynamics using ultracold atoms confined by dipole forces in a unidirectionally pumped far red-detuned high-finesse optical ring cavity. Under the influence of an additional dissipative force exerted by an optical molasses the atoms, starting from an unordered distribution, spontaneously form a density grating moving at constant velocity. Additionally, steady state lasing is observed in the reverse direction if the pump laser power exceeds a certain threshold. We compare the dynamics of the atomic trajectories to the behavior of globally coupled oscillators, which exhibit phase transitions from incoherent to coherent states if the coupling strength exceeds a critical value.

Courteille, Ph.W.; Cube, C. avon; Deh, B.; Kruse, D.; Ludewig, A.; Slama, S.; Zimmermann, C. [Physikalisches Institut, Eberhard-Karls-Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2005-05-05

414

Enhanced collectivity in 74Ni  

E-print Network

The neutron-rich nucleus 74Ni was studied with inverse-kinematics inelastic proton scattering using a 74Ni radioactive beam incident on a liquid hydrogen targetat a center-of-mass energy of 80 MeV. From the measured de-excitation gamma-rays, the population of the first 2+ state was quantified. The angle-integrated excitation cross section was determined to be 14(4) mb. A deformation length of delta = 1.04(16) fm was extracted in comparison with distorted wave theory, which suggests that the enhancement of collectivity established for 70Ni continues up to 74Ni. A comparison with results of shell model and quasi-particle random phase approximation calculations indicates that the magic character of Z = 28 or N = 50 is weakened in 74Ni.

N. Aoi; S. Kanno; S. Takeuchi; H. Suzuki; D. Bazin; M. D. Bowen; C. M. Campbell; J. M. Cook; D. -C. Dinca; A. Gade; T. Glasmacher; H. Iwasaki; T. Kubo; K. Kurita; T. Motobayashi; W. F. Mueller; T. Nakamura; H. Sakurai; M. Takashina; J. R. Terry; K. Yoneda; H. Zwahlen

2010-08-03

415

Priest Lake Museum Association Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is this place, this Priest Lake, Idaho? It's a resort, it's a way of life, and it's a special area to many Idahoans. This digital collection from the University Idaho Library was made possible via the holdings of the Priest Lake Museum Association. The 380 photos here depict family, community, and business life in the Priest Lake area from around 1880 to 1950. The images bring this certain time and place to life, highlighting fishing at Two Mouth Creek, horse-drawn sledding, and general outdoor merry-making. Most interesting are the images of Nell Shipman, a silent film star who brought her own production company and zoo to the area. The photos can be viewed using the map, timeline, or interactive word cloud, which is rather fun.

416

Sustainability: A Comprehensive Collection Editor  

E-print Network

in this collection, see p. 578. #12;Table of Contents Preface F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F I 1 Introduction to Sustainability: Humanity and the Environment 1

Frank, Thomas D.

417

Sustainability: A Comprehensive Collection Editor  

E-print Network

for the modules contained in this collection, see p. 582. #12;Table of Contents Foreward F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F I Preface F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F

Frank, Thomas D.

418

Network Characteristics of Collective Chemosensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The collective chemosensing of nonexcitable mammalian cells involves a biochemical network that features gap junction communications and heterogeneous single cell activities. To understand the integrated multicellular chemosensing, we study the calcium dynamics of micropatterned fibroblast cell colonies in response to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stimulation. We find that the cross-correlation function between the responses of individual cells decays with topological distance as a power law for large colonies and much faster for smaller colonies. Furthermore, the strongly correlated cell pairs tend to form clusters and are more likely to exceed the percolation threshold. At a given topological distance, the cross-correlations exhibit characteristics of Poisson distributions, which allows us to estimate the unitary conductance of a single gap junction which is in good agreement with direct experimental measurements.

Sun, Bo; Duclos, Guillaume; Stone, Howard A.

2013-04-01

419

Experiment S012: Micrometeorite collection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The micrometeorite activity in a near-earth environment and the effect of the environment on microorganisms were studied by exposure of polished metal and plastic surfaces to the environment outside the Gemini spacecraft. Preliminary results are summarized as follows: (1) The cumulative influx rate in the size ranges from 10 to the minus 15th power to 10 to the minus 14th power gram was approximately 2 particles/ sq m/sec, as determined on the Gemini 12 mission; (2) The cumulative influx rate in the same mass range, as determined by the data from the Gemini 9 mission was almost 200 particles/ sq m/sec; and (3) The large particle cumulative influx rate was about 3 x 0.00001 particle/ sq m/sec, with a mass of the order of 10 to the minus 7th power gram. No living organisms could be found on the sterile collecting surfaces after recovery and handling.

Hemenway, C. L.; Hallgren, D. S.; Coon, R. E.; Bourdillon, L. A.; Hotchin, J.; Lorenz, P.

1971-01-01

420

The University of Wisconsin Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As this digital archive of documents related to the history of the University of Wisconsin suggests, "...the history of the University of Wisconsin is far too colorful and texture-rich to be told in a single document." Fortunately for those with an interest in the University's long history, this special collection of historical documents developed by the University's Digital Content Group provides access to a number of helpful resources. A number of titles may be searched or browsed, including the landmark 4-volume history of the University of Wisconsin and a number of printed materials related to the Wisconsin Union, the University's primary gathering place. Visitors can also browse through two early versions of the University's yearbook, titled the Trochos.

421

Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Library Program at Indiana University (IU), with funding from the Institute for Museum and Library Services, presents this digital version of 14,500 color slides taken by amateur photographer Charles Cushman between 1938 and 1969. Cushman, an IU alum who graduated in 1917, left the University his entire collection of photographs, along with a set of notebooks, in which he recorded descriptions of the thousands of images he shot. Cushman's photographs provide wonderful documentation of the first half of the 20th century, from a girl with pigtails jumping rope on a sidewalk in Indiana, to Chicago architecture, to over 100 pictures of Istanbul, Turkey. Subject headings were added to Cushman's descriptions by image catalogers, providing the basis for the searching and browsing capabilities of the digital version. Currently, users can browse by date, location, subject, and genre, as well as viewing page images of Cushman's notebooks. In December 2003, search enhancements will be released, such as the ability to broaden or narrow a search using related terms, and browsing based on the structure of the subject heading sources.

422

The Lloyd L. Gaines Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1911, Lloyd Lionel Gaines was one of eleven children. Gaines excelled in his studies and applied to the University of Missouri School of Law in 1936. He was denied admission solely on the grounds that Missouri's state constitution called for "separate education of the races." Gaines did not back down from this injustice, and he sought legal assistance from the NAACP. In 1938, Gaines won his case before the United States Supreme Court, but tragically Gaines disappeared at age 28 in Chicago and was never seen or heard from again. This engaging collection from the University of Missouri Law Library brings together documents related to Gaines's life, including photographs, family correspondence, materials related to his Supreme Court case, and related secondary materials. Visitors to the site can perform a simple search across all the materials, or dig in deeper by perform a citation search. Legal scholars will find the Case Materials area particularly engaging, as it includes links to the trial briefs, respondents' statements, and so on.

423

Collective Irrationality and Positive Feedback  

PubMed Central

Recent experiments on ants and slime moulds have assessed the degree to which they make rational decisions when presented with a number of alternative food sources or shelter. Ants and slime moulds are just two examples of a wide range of species and biological processes that use positive feedback mechanisms to reach decisions. Here we use a generic, experimentally validated model of positive feedback between group members to show that the probability of taking the best of options depends crucially on the strength of feedback. We show how the probability of choosing the best option can be maximized by applying an optimal feedback strength. Importantly, this optimal value depends on the number of options, so that when we change the number of options the preference of the group changes, producing apparent “irrationalities”. We thus reinterpret the idea that collectives show "rational" or "irrational" preferences as being a necessary consequence of the use of positive feedback. We argue that positive feedback is a heuristic which often produces fast and accurate group decision-making, but is always susceptible to apparent irrationality when studied under particular experimental conditions. PMID:21541321

Nicolis, Stamatios C.; Zabzina, Natalia; Latty, Tanya; Sumpter, David J. T.

2011-01-01

424

Education Collections as Museum Collections SHANE J. MACFARLAN AND EILEEN JOHNSON  

E-print Network

Education Collections as Museum Collections · · · · · SHANE J. MACFARLAN AND EILEEN JOHNSON abstract Museum education collections are inarguably a part of a museum's actual collec- tion, just as are the research/permanent collections. However, past practices indi- cate that education collections are typically

425

76 FR 35199 - Proposed Agency Information Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Please note that in the final version the estimated burden has increased, primarily due to the collection of utility bill data...

2011-06-16

426

76 FR 19067 - Agency Information Collection Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...electronic, mechanical or other collection techniques or other forms of information technology...burdens. From 2008 to 2011, Western has increased its estimate of the cost burden for...electronic, mechanical or other collection techniques or other forms of information...

2011-04-06

427

10 CFR 707.15 - Collective bargaining.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Collective bargaining. 707.15 Section 707.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures § 707.15 Collective bargaining. When establishing drug testing...

2013-01-01

428

10 CFR 707.15 - Collective bargaining.  

...2014-01-01 false Collective bargaining. 707.15 Section 707.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures § 707.15 Collective bargaining. When establishing drug testing...

2014-01-01

429

10 CFR 707.15 - Collective bargaining.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Collective bargaining. 707.15 Section 707.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures § 707.15 Collective bargaining. When establishing drug testing...

2010-01-01

430

10 CFR 707.15 - Collective bargaining.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Collective bargaining. 707.15 Section 707.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures § 707.15 Collective bargaining. When establishing drug testing...

2012-01-01

431

10 CFR 707.15 - Collective bargaining.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Collective bargaining. 707.15 Section 707.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKPLACE SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS AT DOE SITES Procedures § 707.15 Collective bargaining. When establishing drug testing...

2011-01-01

432

Intensifying the collective use of public place  

E-print Network

The premise of the thesis states that to intensify the collective use of public place there must exist a broad collective understanding of physical constituents that 'build' spatial relationships. These spatial understandings ...

Aldrich, Darrell E. (Darrell Eugene)

1994-01-01

433

28 CFR 115.287 - Data collection.  

... Data collection. 115.287 Section 115.287 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Data Collection and Review §...

2014-07-01

434

76 FR 43374 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection is to help identify and refine specific features of the content or design of the forms to maximize communication effectiveness while minimizing compliance burden. Feedback collected under this generic clearance provides useful...

2011-07-20

435

78 FR 64049 - Information Collection Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: On occasion Title: Radioactive (RAM) Transportation Requirements. OMB Control...Information collection requirements for RAM include: Shipper notification to consignees of the dates of shipment of RAM; expected arrival; special...

2013-10-25

436

78 FR 79561 - Information Collection Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: On occasion. Title: Radioactive (RAM) Transportation Requirements. OMB Control...Information collection requirements for RAM include: shipper notification to consignees of the dates of shipment of RAM; expected arrival; special...

2013-12-30

437

30 CFR 402.4 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Information collection. 402.4 Section 402...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT... § 402.4 Information collection. The...

2012-07-01

438

30 CFR 402.4 - Information collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Information collection. 402.4 Section 402...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT... § 402.4 Information collection. The...

2013-07-01

439

30 CFR 402.4 - Information collection.  

...2014-07-01 false Information collection. 402.4 Section 402...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WATER-RESOURCES RESEARCH PROGRAM AND THE WATER-RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT... § 402.4 Information collection. The...

2014-07-01

440

78 FR 21116 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Summary of Information Collection This collection of information requests the assistance of the facility security officer (FSO) or senior management official to provide feedback as to how DSS is doing with respect to the administration and...

2013-04-09

441

32 CFR 22.820 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...further action to collect the debt is deferred, pending the outcome...determination that the recipient owes a debt to the Federal Government, the grants officer shall send...transfer responsibility for further debt collection to a payment...

2010-07-01

442

32 CFR 22.820 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...further action to collect the debt is deferred, pending the outcome...determination that the recipient owes a debt to the Federal Government, the grants officer shall send...transfer responsibility for further debt collection to a payment...

2013-07-01

443

32 CFR 22.820 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...further action to collect the debt is deferred, pending the outcome...determination that the recipient owes a debt to the Federal Government, the grants officer shall send...transfer responsibility for further debt collection to a payment...

2012-07-01

444

32 CFR 22.820 - Debt collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...further action to collect the debt is deferred, pending the outcome...determination that the recipient owes a debt to the Federal Government, the grants officer shall send...transfer responsibility for further debt collection to a payment...

2011-07-01

445

25 CFR 63.4 - Information collection.  

... Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT INDIAN CHILD PROTECTION AND FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION Purpose, Policy, and Definitions § 63.4 Information collection. The information collection...

2014-04-01

446

28 CFR 115.187 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Data collection. 115.187 Section 115.187 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Data Collection and Review § 115.187 Data...

2012-07-01

447

28 CFR 115.287 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Data collection. 115.287 Section 115.287 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Data Collection and Review §...

2013-07-01

448

28 CFR 115.387 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Data collection. 115.387 Section 115.387 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Data Collection and Review § 115.387 Data...

2012-07-01

449

28 CFR 115.187 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Data collection. 115.187 Section 115.187 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Data Collection and Review § 115.187 Data...

2013-07-01

450

28 CFR 115.87 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Data collection. 115.87 Section 115.87 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Data Collection and Review § 115.87 Data...

2012-07-01

451

28 CFR 115.387 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Data collection. 115.387 Section 115.387 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Data Collection and Review § 115.387 Data...

2013-07-01

452

28 CFR 115.87 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Data collection. 115.87 Section 115.87 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Data Collection and Review § 115.87 Data...

2013-07-01

453

77 FR 39517 - Notice of Information Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...performance of the functions of NASA, including whether the information collection has practical utility; (2) the accuracy of NSA's estimate of the burden (including hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (3) ways to minimize...

2012-07-03

454

Ya ri a bsod Collection 13  

E-print Network

This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

455

75 FR 8996 - Notice of Information Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...opportunities will be available, representing all NASA Mission Directorates and current NASA missions in Earth and Space Science, mathematics, chemistry, and physics. II. Method of Collection The data collection uses web-based...

2010-02-26

456

77 FR 27540 - Information Collection Activities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Surface Transportation...more than 800 hours, based on information provided...Board's Uniform Rail Costing System (URCS), which...collection, which is based on information...

2012-05-10

457

75 FR 55612 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or continuing collections of information in accordance...Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) [44 U...clearly understood, and the impact of collection requirements...BLS will be implementing a cell phone frame to address a...

2010-09-13

458

75 FR 55356 - Proposed Collection, Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or continuing collections of information in accordance...Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) [44 U...clearly understood, and the impact of collection requirements...BLS will be implementing a cell phone frame to address a...

2010-09-10

459

Fog and Dew Collection Projects in Croatia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper discusses the fog and dew water collection in Croatia. Zavizan, the highest meteorological station in Croatia(1594m) is chosen for collecting of fog water with a standard fog collector (SFC). The highest daily collection rate was 27.8 L \\/ m2. The highest daily collection rate in days without rain was 19.1 l\\/m2. Dew is also a noticeable source

M. Mileta; D. Beysens; Vadim Nikolayev; I. Milimouk; O. Clus; M. Muselli

2007-01-01

460

Diversity collection assessment in large academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine the methods of diversity-related collection assessment useful for large academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Several examples of diversity-related collection assessment (circulation and use statistics, WorldCat Collection Analysis, comparison to standard bibliographies, focus groups, patron interviews and surveys, stewardship letters, and a diversity collection development statement) are explored. Findings – Libraries wishing to assess a

Matthew P. Ciszek; Courtney L. Young

2010-01-01

461

Collective Bargaining Agreement WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Collective Bargaining Agreement Between WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY and POLICE OFFICERS LABOR COUNCIL.................................................................................................................................2 ARTICLE (2) NON-DISCRIMINATION

Berdichevsky, Victor

462

A Survey of Collective Intelligence  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This chapter presents the science of "COllective INtelligence" (COIN). A COIN is a large multi-agent systems where: i) the agents each run reinforcement learning (RL) algorithms; ii) there is little to no centralized communication or control; iii) there is a provided world utility function that, rates the possible histories of tile full system. Tile conventional approach to designing large distributed systems to optimize a world utility does not use agents running RL algorithms. Rather that approach begins with explicit modeling of the overall system's dynamics, followed by detailed hand-tuning of the interactions between the components to ensure that they "cooperate" as far as the world utility is concerned. This approach is labor-intensive, often results in highly non-robust systems, and usually results in design techniques that, have limited applicability. In contrast, with COINs we wish to solve the system design problems implicitly, via the 'adaptive' character of the RL algorithms of each of the agents. This COIN approach introduces an entirely new, profound design problem: Assuming the RL algorithms are able to achieve high rewards, what reward functions for the individual agents will, when pursued by those agents, result in high world utility? In other words, what reward functions will best ensure that we do not have phenomena like the tragedy of the commons, or Braess's paradox? Although still very young, the science of COINs has already resulted in successes in artificial domains, in particular in packet-routing, the leader-follower problem, and in variants of Arthur's "El Farol bar problem". It is expected that as it matures not only will COIN science expand greatly the range of tasks addressable by human engineers, but it will also provide much insight into already established scientific fields, such as economics, game theory, or population biology.

Wolpert, David H.; Tumer, Kagan

1999-01-01

463

Particle Collection State on the Collecting Electrode of the Collecting Section in 2-stage-type Electrostatic Precipitator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the applications of the ESP is the cleaning of the air to increase the visibility index in highway tunnels. Most of particles in the highway tunnels are composed of carbon. Decrements of the collection efficiency due to particle agglomeration on the electrode and re-entrainment phenomena are important problems when ESP collects carbon particles that are low electric resistivity. In the previous experiments, the coarse particles on the collecting electrode accumulated on midpoint of the collecting electrode. Generally, almost collected particles start accumulating from the upstream area on the collecting electrode surface. In this work, the particle collection was observed in real time because of clearing for the behavior of collected particles. And then, particle collection and particle huge re-entrainment phenomena processes were observed. In the closed space to the collecting electrode surface, gas-flow velocity at the upstream area is faster than that at the downstream area. Hence, particle re-entrainment phenomena are convenient to occur in upstream area. As results, it has been shown that collected particle re-entrainment phenomena are pertinent to the gas-flow distribution.

Kawada, Yoshihiro; Zukeran, Akinori; Kono, Yoshihiro; Yasumoto, Kouji; Kato, Shintaro; Ehara, Yoshiyasu; Takahashi, Takeo; Ito, Tairo

464

Politicized Collective Identity: A Social Psychological Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a social psychological model of politicized collective identity that revolves around 3 conceptual triads. The 1st triad consists of collective identity, the struggle between groups for power, and the wider societal context. It is proposed that people evince politicized collective identity to the extent that they engage as self-conscious group members in a power struggle on behalf

Bernd Simon; Bert Klandermans

2001-01-01

465

Improved Resource Exploitation by Collective Intelligence  

E-print Network

Improved Resource Exploitation by Collective Intelligence Boschetti, F. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, E-Mail: Fabio.Boschetti@csiro.au Keywords: Collective Intelligence; Complex Adaptive not be necessarily so. The tool we employ is called Collective Intelligence (COIN, Wolpert and Tumer 1999). It has

Boschetti, Fabio

466

Collection Policy: PERIPHERAL & RELATED SUBJECTS Other policies . . .  

E-print Network

anatomy at a Level 1; i.e., a few basic reference works, atlases and textbooks. Animal Rights (R) q Mann will take the CPCR for animal rights and animal welfare. For other human-animal relationships, Mann Mann collects plant anatomy; Vet collects the animal kingdom, including human. Mann also collects human

Angenent, Lars T.

467

Exploring Collective Mathematical Creativity in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study combines theories related to collective learning and theories related to mathematical creativity to investigate the notion of collective mathematical creativity in elementary school classrooms. Collective learning takes place when mathematical ideas and actions, initially stemming from an individual, are built upon and reworked,…

Levenson, Esther

2011-01-01

468

Air sampler collects and protects minute particles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Air ejector impactor sampler collects and protects samples of particles greater than 0.1 micron in diameter. In operation, it causes impaction of particle-laden air onto several collection surfaces within a collection cylinder. When not operating, the collector cylinder is maintained in a retracted state within a protective envelope.

Wood, R. C.

1967-01-01

469

Searching distributed collections with inference networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information retrieval systems in networked environments raises a new set of issues that have received little attention. These issues include ranking document collections for relevance to a query, selecting the best set of collections from a ranked list, and merging the document rankings that are returned from a set of collections. This paper describes methods of addressing

James P. Callan; Zhihong Lu; W. Bruce Croft

1995-01-01

470

Electronic Resources: Implications for Collection Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book shows librarians the strengths and weaknesses of electronic resources and the implications these resources have on collection management. It helps librarians incorporate electronic resources into their collections. The book examines the history of electronic resources in document collections and analyzes the gains and losses libraries…

Owens, Genevieve S., Ed.

471

Selection criteria for academic video game collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to discuss the relevance of building video game collections in academia to support research and learning on campus and to propose useful criteria for building video game collections in academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors examined collection development policies of selected academic libraries as well as research discussing the cultural, historical, and educational value of

Elizabeth Tappeiner; Catherine Lyons

2008-01-01

472

Collection Mapping in School Library Media Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to field-test collection mapping as an evaluation technique, to determine collection standards against which individual schools could compare themselves, and to compare the collections in schools to nationally-recommended lists published by Brodart and Wilson. Questionnaires were sent to 120 library media specialists in…

Ho, May Lein; Loertscher, David

473

An Archival Collection of Veterans' Stories  

E-print Network

An Archival Collection of Veterans' Stories #12;How I Served An Archival Collection of Veterans and veterans' submissions will be on display at the Logan Center from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. An Archival Collection of Veterans' Stories Welcome Aneesah Ali, Associate Provost and Affirmative Action Officer Color Guard Denver

Butler, Laurie J.

474

Collection Development/Acquisitions: Collaboration or Conflict?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Daytona Beach Community College (DBCC) Library, collection development, selection, and acquisitions function as levels of a hierarchy. The highest level is collection development, which constitutes the planning function. Meetings are held annually to assess user needs, evaluate the present collection, discuss budget considerations, plan for…

Clement, Mercedes

475

ITER fast ion collective Thomson scattering  

E-print Network

ITER fast ion collective Thomson scattering Conceptual design of 60 GHz system Fernando Meo, Henrik(EN) Title: ITER fast ion collective Thomson scattering, conceptual design of 60 GHz system. August Fast Ion Collective Thomson Scattering, Feasibility study", contract number EFDA 01.654, ]http

476

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein  

E-print Network

The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein is one of the most from among more than 40,000 documents contained in the personal collection of Albert Einstein now housed at the Albert Ein- stein Archives at Hebrew University,and 15,000 Ein- stein and Einstein

Landweber, Laura

477

Chameleon: Adaptive Selection of Collections Ohad Shacham  

E-print Network

like Python, and Ruby, make extensive use of Collection classes. A collection implementation represents Programming languages such as Java, C#, Python and Ruby include a collection framework as part of the language tools where the user is forced to manually filter massive amounts of ir- relevant data, typically

Beimel, Amos

478

Social Science Perspectives on Cooperative Collection Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the combined self-interest model used in cooperative collection development discussions in light of social science models of a loosely coupled system. Topics addressed include a history of cooperative collection development; the Research Libraries Group (RLG) Conspectus; and the OCLC/AMIGOS Collection Analysis CD. (27 references) (LRW)

Schwartz, Charles A.

1992-01-01

479

Collections Care: A Basic Reference Shelflist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an extensive bibliography of reference sources--i.e., books and articles--that relate to the care and conservation of library, archival, and museum collections. Bibliographies are presented under the following headings: (1) General Information; (2) Basic Collections Care; (3) Architectural Conservation; (4) Collections Management: Law,…

de Torres, Amparo R., Ed.

480

29 CFR 42.21 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OSHA, and the Office of the Solicitor (SOL ) shall regularly collect statistical...collected and amount collected. (e) The SOL shall submit statistical data on farm labor-related...include: (1) Total cases received by SOL; (2) actions taken on cases...

2010-07-01

481

29 CFR 42.21 - Data collection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OSHA, and the Office of the Solicitor (SOL ) shall regularly collect statistical...collected and amount collected. (e) The SOL shall submit statistical data on farm labor-related...include: (1) Total cases received by SOL; (2) actions taken on cases...

2011-07-01

482

Advanced technology for managing XML document collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizing large document collections for finding information easily and quickly has always been a challenging problem. In the last few years, XML has become the de-facto standard for content publishing and data exchange. The proliferation of XML documents and data has created new challenges and opportunities for managing document collections. Existing technologies for automatically organizing document collections are either imprecise

Hui-I Hsiao

2005-01-01

483

Planning for hazardous campus waste collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a procedure developed for planning a nation-wide hazardous campus waste (HCW) collection system. Alternative HCW plans were designed for different collection frequencies, truckloads, storage limits, and also for establishing an additional transfer station. Two clustering methods were applied to group adjacent campuses into clusters based on their locations, HCW quantities, the type of vehicles used and collection

Kun-Hsing Liu; Shao-Yang Shih; Jehng-Jung Kao

2011-01-01

484

Distributed Clustering Using Collective Principal Component Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers distributed clustering of high dimensional heterogeneous data using a distributed Principal Component Analysis (PCA) technique called the Collective PCA. It presents the Collective PCA technique which can be used independent of the clustering application. It shows a way to integrate the Collective PCA with a given off-the-shelf clustering algorithm in order to develop a distributed clustering technique.

Hillol Kargupta; Weiyun Huang; Krishnamoorthy Sivakumar; Erik L. Johnson

2001-01-01

485

PROPOSED DATAEXCHANGE STANDARDS FOR ARTHROPOD COLLECTIONS  

E-print Network

PROPOSED DATAEXCHANGE STANDARDS FOR ARTHROPOD COLLECTIONS Ronald A. Hellenthal It is of paramount between arthropod collections. However, because of the diversity, quantity, and complexity be maintained as part of a arthropod collections database could be called "Species Lots". This file could

Mathis, Wayne N.

486

COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA  

E-print Network

COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT Between THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA and CANADIAN UNION OF PUBLIC OF BRITISH COLUMBIA #12;COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT Between THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA and CANADIAN UNION) THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA #12;COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT Between THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

Michelson, David G.

487

GCH: Hints for Triggering Garbage Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows that Appel-style garbage collectors often make suboptimal decisions both in terms of when and how to collect. We argue that garbage collection should be done when the amount of live bytes is low (in order to minimize the collection cost) and when the amount of dead objects is high (in order to maximize the available heap size

Dries Buytaert; Kris Venstermans; Lieven Eeckhout; Koen De Bosschere

2007-01-01

488

Central Region Library Field Records Collection  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The USGS Denver Library, Field Records Collection is an archive of unpublished field notes, maps, correspondence, manuscripts, analysis reports, and other data created or collected by USGS Geologic Discipline scientists during field studies and other project work. Materials in the collection represe...

2009-04-09

489

78 FR 18678 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request: Examination Questionnaire AGENCY: Office of the Comptroller...collection titled, ``Examination Questionnaire.'' DATES: Comments must be submitted...information collection: Title: Examination Questionnaire. OMB Control No.:...

2013-03-27

490

76 FR 17151 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: COPS Police and Communities Together (PACT) 360 Needs Assessment Survey...New collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: COPS Police and Communities Together (PACT) 360 Needs Assessment...

2011-03-28

491

76 FR 31988 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...30-Day Notice of Information Collection under Review: COPS Police and Communities Together (PACT) 360 Needs Assessment Survey...New collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: COPS Police and Communities Together (PACT) 360 Needs Assessment...

2011-06-02

492

75 FR 42818 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Collection of Safety Culture Data for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Under OMB Review; Collection of Safety Culture Data for Program Evaluation AGENCY: Research...INFORMATION: Title: Collection of Safety Culture Data for Program Evaluation. Type of...the collection of the remaining safety culture surveys because of changes to the...

2010-07-22

493

77 FR 1506 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested; Extension of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approved Information Collection; Claim for Damage, Injury, or Death ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review...Title of the Form/Collection: Claim for Damage, Injury, or Death. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable...

2012-01-10

494

76 FR 68787 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Extension of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Currently Approved Collection; Claim for Damage, Injury, or Death ACTION: 60-Day notice of information collection under review...Title of the Form/Collection: Claim for Damage, Injury, or Death. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable...

2011-11-07

495

77 FR 50718 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Accounting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comments Requested: Accounting System and Financial Capability Questionnaire ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection...of the Form/Collection: Accounting System and Financial Capability Questionnaire. (3) Agency form number 7120/1....

2012-08-22

496

77 FR 36294 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Office of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1121-0243] Agency Information Collection Activities...Partnership Grants Management System (GMS) ACTION...60-Day Notice of Information Collection under...1) Type of Information Collection...Partnership Grants Management System...

2012-06-18

497

77 FR 50719 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1121-0243] Agency Information Collection Activities...Partnership Grants Management System (GMS) ACTION...30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under...1) Type of Information Collection...Partnership Grants Management System...

2012-08-22

498

78 FR 26114 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed New Information Collection Request; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Request; Comment Request; OCC Supplier Registration Form AGENCY: Office of...information collection titled, ``OCC Supplier Registration Form.'' DATES: Comments...information collection: Title: OCC Supplier Registration Form. OMB Number:...

2013-05-03

499

77 FR 65586 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Emergency Reinstatement of Previously Approved Collection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD Agency Information Collection Activities...Collection AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board...OMB) to reinstate Information Collection Request...E-Appeal/US Merit Systems Protection...

2012-10-29

500

78 FR 50435 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: FEMA Mitigation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request: FEMA Mitigation Success Story Database AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION...Collection of Information Title: FEMA Mitigation Success Story Database. Type of Information Collection: Extension, without...

2013-08-19